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Hookljindets. i<fc.. 
.. C.Teen St.. CAMHKinGK. 

E (^vQ n 6713.Q.40 




Widow of Col, James Warren Sever 

(CUm of 1817) 








Camlrribfle : 




Edv.c R 6713.P.40 



Notes from the College Records (continued) . 


Ibsen ..... 


CrrossiDg the Bar . 


••Croquettes" ..... 


Camus et Camenae «... 


William Ernest Henley .... 


An Echo of W. E. Henley .... 


In Behalf of Freshmen .... 


The Fairies' Song ..... 


Si Je Puis . 


Why we Talk ..... 


Wordsworth's Room in St John's 


To an Ideal ..... 



Charles Edmund Haskins M.A. 


Herbert Dukinfield Darbishire M.A. 

. 67 

Charles Alexander Maclean Pond M.A. 


The Rev Leonard Blomefield M.A. 


Sir Charles Peter Layard K.C.M.G. . 


Francis Dixon Johnson B.A. 


The Rey Arthur Thomas Whilmorc Shadwell . 


The Rev Ralph Raisbeck Tatham M.A. . 


Our Chronide ..... 


The Library ..... 


List of Subscribers .... 


Notes from the College Records fcontinuedj . 


A Translation ..... 


Walter Pater ..... 

. 132 


"Cuculus Fadt Monaco" 

Die Philosophic Der Liebe . 

Modem Greek Songs 

The College Register of Admissions (Part II) 


A Training Breakfast 

Of Early and Late Rising 

In Memory of Bosco, A Pug Dog 

Jack, the King of Cobs 

In the Words of the Masters 

Obituary : 

The Very Rev Charles Meriyale D.D. 

Arthur Milnes MarshaU M.A. M.D. F.R.S. 

The ReT Thomas James Rowsell M.A. 

The Rev John Castle Burnett M.A. 

Sidney Charles Harding 
Our Chronicle .... 

The Library .... 
The College Register of Admission (Part II) . 
A Lover's Prayer 
The English Lakes 
Told at Ditton 

Vain Hopes .... 

The Drowning of Thorgils 
Camus et Camilli . ... 

Some Cigarette Papers . 
The Poetry of William Barnes : A Note 
The Relationship between Literature and Science 
Hafiz ..... 
The Sojourn of Home-Clergy in the Colonies 
Correspondence .... 
Obituary : 

The Honorable and Very Rev George Herbert 

The Ven Brough Mallby M.A. . 

The Rev Arthur Malortie Hoare M.A. 
Our Chronicle .... 

The Library .... 











Notes from the College Records (continued) . 



The Maiden Castle ..... 


Robert Louis Steyenson ... * * 


A River Idyll . - . . . 


ninsions Perdnes ....•• 


A Voice of the Sea • 


A Higher PUne Curve ..... 


A Cirde ...... 


The Library at Hawkshead Grammar School, and the School-days 
of Wordsworth ..... 


In Suspense ...... 


Editorial ....... 


Obitnary : 

Charles Carpmael M.A. F.R.A.S. 


Sir Henry Alnslie, Hoare, Bart. .... 


Onr Chronicle ...... 


The Library ...... 


List of Subscribers ..... 


The Poetry of Thomas Hood .... 

43 J 

Nil Desperandnm ..... 


The River ...... 


A Missing Manoscript ..... 


• Ne Sntor Ultra Crepidam " . . . . 


A Smooth Cycloid ..... 


A Perfectly Rough Sphere ..... 


A Philosopher's Voyage Round London at Night . 


Sator Sartorqne Scelerum . ' . 


Mr Pater's Style ..... 


After Paul Verlamc ..... 


A New Prose Translation of Homer 


Correspondence ...... 


Obituary : 

The Rev Gerald Thomson Lermit, LL.D. 


The Rev Theobald Richard OTflahertie . 


The Right Rev James Atlay D.D. . . ♦ 


Edward Hamilton Acton M.A. .... 


Oor Chronicle. ..... 



The Library ..... 


Notes from the College Records (continued) 


life ..... . 

. 548 

The Dredging Song . . . . . 

55 1 

From a College Window . . • . 

• 559 

A Sea Dirge — ^Naenia Pdagia 


Septentrionalia . . • , . 

. 564 

The Helix ...... 


A Problem ..... 

• 571 

Cluvienus : His Thonghts 


Soph. Oed. Col. 668—719 .... 

. 576 

Footprints of Famous Men 


The Quiet Life . • . . 


Philomela ..... 

. 587 

On Examinations .... 


Rondel ...... 

. 596 

The Adams Memorial in Westminster Abbey , 


Johnian Dinner .... 


Obitnary : 

Bishop Pearson .... 


Rev John Henry Pooley 


Rev Charles Thomas Whitley 


Rev Archibald ^neas Julias 


John Henry Merrifield . . . • 

. 609 

Our Chronicle . 


The Library • . . . . 




(Continued from Vol xviJ, p. 589^. 

jHE Grammar School at Sedbergh, first founded 
by Roger Lupton, Provost of Eton, about 
1528, and refoundecf'by Edward VI after the 
Reformation, has always been closely con- 
nected with the College. Lupton himself founded two 
Fellowships and six Scholarships in St John's College 
for Sedbergh boys, and in 1588 Henry Hebblethwaite, 
described as a Citizen of London, but probably of 
Sedbergh origin, founded a Fellowship and two 
Scholarships with like preference. 

For nearly four hundred years the College and the 
School have thus been in close connexion. The recently 
published Register of Admissions to the College shews 
that between January i6§g and July 17 15, no less 
than 348 Sedbergh boys were admitted to the College. 
Many of these became Fellows, worked for the College 
and got College Livings, or went out into the world and 
became famous in their day. 

The College on the other hand appointed the Head 
Masters, and so kept up the stream of capable boys. 
The one weak point in the old system was that, if the 
College made a bad or unfortunate appointment, it had 
no power of removing the Head Master. 


2 Notes from the College Records. 

One appointment rfiade in Commonwealth times 
, gave rise to great disputes at Sedbergh, was the cause 
of much litigation there, and probably of much vexation 
in College. The times were disturbed. William Beale, 
the Master, had been turned out, to fly from England 
and die in Madrid. Twenty-nine Fellows of the College 
were ejected and their places filled, by order of the 
Earl of Manchester, with persons examined and ap- 
proved by the Assembly of Divines. In 1648 Gilbert 
Nelson, the Head Master of Sedbergh, died, and to the 
• intruded ' Fellows fell the choice of his successor. In 
July 1648 Arrowsmith the Master and five Fellows of 
the College wrote to the Governors to say that their 
choice had fsiUen on Richard Jackson, a * Master of 
Arts, heretofore of our College.' His name does not 
appear in the Admission Register, so that he was then 
probably a man of over 40 years of age. 

We may assume that Jackson was a Parliament Man, 
and it would appear that many at Sedbergh were 
Royalist in their sympathies. To those who were for 
the King the choice of the intruding Fellows — bardi uf 
plurimum et infruniti ingenii hofnunculi^ as Dr Peter 
Barwick in his life of Dean Barwick calls them, 3/^?^^- 
heads for the most part and senseless scoundrels^ as Hilkiah 
Bedford his translator puts it — was probably suspect 
from the first. After the lapse of nearly two hundred 
and fifty years it is not easy to say what did happen^ 
but apparently Jackson commenced lawsuits against the 
Governors or feoffees of the School in respect of the 
estates or rents. The Governors petitioned the College 
against him, and, in addition to the signatures of the 
Governors, those of 37 inhabitants of Sedbergh testify 
to the fact that *the schoole house instead of young 
Athenians, been left lodging for owls and batts to roost 
and rest in.' This petition, still preserved in College, 
will be found printed in Miss Piatt's History of the 
Parish and Grammur School of Sedbergh. This volume 
also contains a number of other documents concerning 

Notes from the College Records. 3 

these disputes. They are taken from the originals pre- 
served among the school papers, and may be regarded 
as stating the case for the prosecution. Preserved in 
College, on the other hand, are some papers sent pre- 
sumably by Jackson, and containing his views of the 
matter. The gravest accusation against him was that 
he was intemperate in his habits. It will be observed 
that Jackson at most admits that drink was forced upon 
him. His chief tormentor seems to have been George 
Otway. This man was brother of Sir John Otway, 
Fellow of St John's, and afterwards Reader at ^Gray's 
Irin, and prominent at the Restoration of Charles II. 
George Otway is mentioned in Fox's Journal in 1657, 
as * this wild man,' and it seems clear that he was a 
very boisterous and turbulent person. 

The documents which follow give us"an idea of the 
proceedings of this Otway, and a curious picture of 
a country town in those days. It is a little difficult to 
see how the first could be relevant to a suit in Chancery, 
but relevance, we shall see, was not Mr Jackson's strong 

vpon a Suite in Chancery. 

Betwene Richard Jackson Clerk Pit. & 
John Couper with others Defendants. 

That I Samuel Shawe, being Scholler unto Richard Jackson 
Clerk M' of ye free Cramer Schoole of Sedbergh in ye Countie 
of York in January one thousand six hundreth fifty three** 
Doe very well Rememb' that y« aforesaid M*", quietly and 
Constantly then following the Schoole, one George Otway, of 
Ingmeare frequently singing and Ringing the said Jackson's 
farewell out of England as he called it And Boasting to Banish 
him after he had with shamelesse Insolency made a fiddler play 
both at his Chamb' window and else where Dancing and Sing- 
ing w*h his Drunken Companions useing all revileing tearmes 
to y« said Jackson's disgrace. He did upon a Tuesday the 
seaventeenth of January (as I take it), In the Morninge send 

♦ Le. 165}. 

4 Notes from the College Records. 

one My Garthwaite (whom y® M' suffered to teach under him) 
earnestly solicitinge for his Company at ye Alehouse w^h y© 
M*" refused utterly. And after two or three Messages the said 
Otway came himselfe in person w'^ a Debauched and Murtherous 
quarrelour called Edward Corney. Craving leave to come into 
his Schooloft, saying he would stay noe longer then y« Mr 
pleased. But having provided ale to be brought after him he 
urged the Mr to Drinke, saying he would stay noe longer than 
y« Taking of one Pipe of Tobacco. But y« Mr Refused to 
Drinke w**» him as he desired & weary of his long stay went 
from his own loft to teach y« Schollers callinge one out. Then 
y« said Otway & Garthwaite came downe, upon which y« 
Schoolem' bid him farewel and presently went up y« staires, 
Otway threateninge that he should fetch him downe by the 
Eares upon w^^ y« Schoolm"^ shutt the doore & he fell to 
Brangle w^** y« Boyes for aboute y® space of an howre at least 
sayinge he was as much Mr as Jackson. And Gooinge away 
at length a little before Eleaven of ye Clock to a little Alehouse 
standing in y« Churchyard he from thence sent y® said Corney 
w*^ a challeng to y« Schoolm' upon a false & frivolous occasion 
of his own devising. And presently uppon y* coinanded y« said 
Corney to call back ye Schoolm' or bring him by y« eares 
whereupon y« Schoolm*^ having a sore leg Corney Run after him 
threatninge to tripp up his heeles w<^*» w" he could not doe 
y« said Otway came Running a Tilt w*** his staff at his face. 
But both of them were staved of. Company coming in After- 
wards at Night y« said Otway w*^ Corney & Jo : Washington 
(Now gone wt^» him Into Ireland) Drinking, Singing & Rioting 
before Jackson's Lodginge w*Mn night did shortly after fall 
upon two men of y« parish w^^ was left in danger of death. 
Whereupon M^" Jackson Binding Otway with his Complices 
to good behaviour enioyd some quiet till y* quarter Sessions, 
where y® said Otway, having his Recognizances given in con- 
trary to law (as y« My said) by y® fauour of Sir Rob* Barwick 
(then Senior Justice in place) the said Jackson hauinge left 
y« Schooledoore lockt durst not nor could not by occasion of 
ye Schooles businesse (as I had Reason to Believe) Return back 
againe having spoken unto me this deponent and written in 
Easter last that I should teach those schollers w<^^ came in his 
absence (the cheifest returning home w*^ purpose to stay till 
his rcturne upon y* occasion) w<^^ thing I was ready to undertake 

Notes from tJie College Records. 5 

but that a present Ague possessed me so that in the Meane 
space y« ffeoffees by y« assistance of y^ said Otway broke open 
y« doore. Put Garthwaite in place sayeinge he should be 
M', Nayling up y« Schoolm'^' loft doore where his Bookes, papers 
and goods lay, refusinge him (upon his returne from solicitinge 
y« schoole causes) all entrance into his owne chamber. And 
Boastinge that Garthwaite should be M', who refused to teach 
one of y« best schollers called Jo : Harper or suffer him to be 
taught by y« Mr who came along with him (as I have heard). 
And shortly after threatened y« Tenannts of y« Loft house if 
they paid y* Schoolm^ any Rents and Robert Hall in Bpeciall if 
he afforded him meate drink or lodginge at his house. And 
y« said Otway was reported at y« Market t crosse in Sedbergh 
to have threatened all y® Townsfolks So that the Schoolmr 
having had noe good Accoiuodacon from his first cominge was 
now to have none at all but was compelled to seek his lodginge 
in Garsdaile some three miles distant ; where he had soiourned 
long before as I have seene by a certificate under y hands & so 
seems rather driven away then putt out of possession by y« fury 
of this Otway who hath animated them to seaze upon these 
lands of Loft house wch weare more then six yearcs his in 

Sworne ffeb. the 5th 1654 
Tho: Benet 

Sheffeild Stubbs. 

Westrideing of 

The Jurors for the Lord protectour of the common-wealth 
of England Scotland and Ireland doe vpon there oathes present 
that George Otway late of Ingmire within the constablerie of 
Sedbergh in the County of Yorke Gent, the eleauenth day of 
January in the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred 
fifty three at Sedbergh in the westrideing of y* said County did 
then and there wickedly, prophanely, advisedly and deliberately 
Bweare fiftie prophine oathes, to witt, By God, by God's 
woundes, by God's blood, God's heart, and by the Lord God, 
by reiterating them ouer and ouer again, to y® great dishonour 
of God, to y« euill example of others in y« like case offending, 
contrarie to y« publicke peace, and contrary to y** forme of 
y® statute in y* case made and provided. 

6 Notes from the College Records. 

Westrideing op 

The Jurors for y« Lord protectour of y« comonwealth of 
England, Scotland and Ireland doe vpon there oathes present 
that George Otway late of Ingmire within y« Constablery of 
Sedbcrgh in y« county of Yorke, Gent, Edward Corney late of 
Sedbergh aforesaid labourer and John Washington late of the 
same blacksmith y« 17th day of January in y« yeare of our Lord 
God 1653 & divers other dayes and times, as well before as 
after, by force & armes &c. at Sedbergh aforesaid, in y« west- 
rideing of y® said County, being armed with sword, staues, 
knifes, and other weapons, as well offensive as defensive did 
vnlawfully riotously, & vn justly assemble themselves together 
with an intent to disturbe y« publique peace, & then & there 
riotously, & by force of armes made vpon one Richard 
Jackson Gierke. Schoolmaster of y« free Schoole of Sedbergh, 
aforesaid, in Gods peace & in y« publicke peace, then and there 
being an assault and fray did make, and him y« said Richard 
Jackson then and there riotously they did beat, wound and cuill 
entieate, so that his life was in much danger and other injuries 
to him then and there did doe to y® greate damadge of y« said 
Richard Jackson, contrary to y« publicke peace, and contrary to 
y« form of y® statute in that case made and provided. 

The petition to the Parliament which follows and 
the Petition to the Lord Protector which will appear 
in our next number are both printed documents. 
The letter from Jackson to the College in Greek 
seems to allude to these. Dr Sandys has kindly 
furnished me with some notes pointing out the quo- 
tations from Lucian which he has detected in this letter, 
and Mr G. C. M. Smith has furnished me with an 
English translation. In printing the Greek I have 
retained Jackson's system of accentuation. 

To THE Right Honourable the Parliament of England. 
The humble Petition of Richard Jackson Gierke^ Master of the 
free Gramme f Schoole in Sedbergh. 

Humbly Sheweth : 

That your Petitioner rejoiceth much to hear how your grave 

Wisdomes have graciously taken into consideration the riotous 

Notes from the College Records. 7 

disorders^ horrible abuses, and hellish mischeifes, which are and 
have beene by drinking and forcing of healths ; and well knowing 
by late experience, that the multiplicity of petty Alehouses in 
the severall corners of the Land, are not onely become the 
source of this sinfull enormity, whereby many a man runneth 
his Patrimony through his throat, lavishing away all in drink, 
whilest Wife and Children, wofully lament for want of bread, 
but also the nurseries of innumberable iniquities ; vi%, Oathes, 
Whoredomes, Lies, Thefts, Murders, and Calumnies; en- 
couraging and complying with cursed and incorrigible wretches, 
Blasphemers of God, contemners of the Word, scorners of 
piety, and absolute enemies of all civill order and peace ; as too 
evidently appeared, in the poore towne of Sedbcrgh in Yorkishire 
in the Liberty of Encrosse, this last yeare, by the riotous ranting, 
blasphemous swearing, and incredible insolence of one George 
Otway oi Ingmeere, who in Jan. last 1653 ^^ ^^ about the house 
of one Edward Fauceiy his Cousin and a petty Alehouse-keeper, 
with two of his quarrellous complices, (^Edward Comey and 
John Washtngiofi) did so abuse and riotously beat© two Brothers 
inhabiting there, that they were in despaire even of life : and 
yet being poore (as one of them said) they durst neither com- 
plaine nor seeke redress: and from the ninth of that month 
to the seventeenth, the said Otway most spitefully pursued your 
Petitioner with all manner of scurillous language, and drunken 
revilings, singing and ringing his farewell out of England, and 
soone after shamefully assaulted him both in his own Schoole 
house, and in that they call the Churchyard. For no other 
cause apparent (besides the vindication of the Schooles right, 
wherein his elder brother hath made himselfe most deeply 
concerned), but that your Petitioner slighted his insolence, and 
utterly renounced his evill society, so being necessitate to bind 
him unto good behaviour. At the next Quarter Sessions, 1654, 
your Petitioner preferred two inditements against him, which 
were both found by the Grand Jury. Yet through the favour of 
Sir Robert Barwicke (Senior Justice then in place), hee had his 
Recognisance given in, and was let goe out of the towne, 
without the consent, and against the will of your Petitioner, 
who in open Court gave unquestionable rfcason to the contrary. 
Then againe, upon the first opportunity he pursued your Peti- 
tioner with redoubled spite (having formerly threatened to kill 
him). Not onely by captiously seeking a frivolous occasion, 

8 Notes fro7n the College Records. 

and so maliciously commencing a suite at Law by the aid and 
assistance of his Brother (one John Oiway Esquire a young 
Lawyer of Grayes Inne) but also in August last at the said 
Faucei^s, and especially at ohq Jane Atkinson^ s^ the said Oiway 
continuing swearing, drinking, and roaring, till two a Clocke in 
the morning, came riding with his sword drawne to your 
Petitioners lodging, rayling at him with all termes of reproach 
intollerable, having since also offered the like abuses and 
language in the sight and audience of his Brother the Lawyer 
unrebuked, and then proudly boasting to expell and banish 
him ; in order to that end he threatened the townesfolke with 
utter undoeing, if they afoorded him either meate or drinke, so 
that your Petitioner was and is constrayned to seeke his lodging 
in Garsedah, for necessary safety and accomodation. Your 
Petitioner therefore seriously pondering the pride and insolence 
of these malicious upstarts, in suche a place of ignorance, 
poverty, and profaness, where the rich and arrogant (as some of 
the parish did assert) have been always impatient of truth and 
piety, or long to endure any good man amongst them, and 
easily observing the partiality of some Justices, as besides the 
above said Sir Robert one Ralph Raines, Attourney, late in 
Commission for the Peace, who after sufficient notice did not 
onely connive wilfully at the notorious villanies of a common 
lyar and felon, proclaimed at the market cross in Sedhergh, but 
also upon the Act of oblivion, (in favour of out John Cowper 
father of the felon) tooke occasion to mqlest and prosecute the 
innocent; who long before had given him first notice and 
information upon just and weighty occasion ; seeing therefore 
that the abominable pride of such Bravadoes (through the 
oscitancy or injustice of some in authority) will shortly render 
all the blood expended for freedom and safety, not only fruitlesse 
and unprofitable, but in all the honest party very odious and 
execrable, in so exciting vile men to the arbitrary exercise of 
their extravagant humors, to the disgrace and scorne of the 
godly honest in every country; as if after so large proposalls of 
just and religious ends we had intended the extirpation of all 
order and justice, and the abolition of all difference between 
Power and Law, quite contrary to the tennor of the present 

Your Petitioner therefore in order to an universall and 
more effectual redress of such like grievances, most humbly 

Notes from the College Records. 9 

prayeth your most serious thoughts upon that assertion of 
the ablest Roman Orator, viz, Haec sptciant leges omnes 
z'ncolumem fore civium conjunctionem & sode/a/em, quam qui 
dirimunt morie, vinclis, damno, exilio sunt coercendi, together 
vith that heavenly observation of the heathen Poet, 
iroXXoVic avfindira iroXig Kaicov dv^pog iiravpti. Secondly, that 
such honest men as close with the government, may not 
continue in brutall slavery, to the meere will and power of 
superbious malignants, truely so stiled ; but freely partake 
of those provisions which are promised for the securing of 
our just rights and liberties, so as to eate, slee{>e, and follow 
our business, without any molestation by vaine and idle 
men, by barbarous ruffians, or disorderly rioters. Thirdly, 
therefore that due and well fitted correction and punish- 
ment may be inflicted upon such giantly monsters as rebell 
against God and tyranize over men by peremptory perturba* 
tion frequently offered to the quiet, orderly, and industrious; 
without that excessive charge and trouble, which often 
wcarieth out the Prosecutor, both in purse and patience. 
Fourthly, that Officers of Justice whensoever they Act 
against the duty of their office, or the nature of God's 
ordinance, viz. (government) through love, or hatred, feare, 
or interest, they may suffer such censure and punishment, 
by which themselves and others may clearely perceive, viz. 
that government itselfe is matter of no private interest, but 
of publike utillity; the safety and welfare of the governed 
being the chiefest end of all their authority. Fifthly, Seeing 
that lies and calumnies are the very plague of particular 
persons, and bane of the body politick, that some compen- 
dious way of convicting these pernicious and treasonable 
offenders, may be plainly established ; as also due punish* 
ment for the convicted, both by way of shame, and 
satisfaction to the wronged. Sixtly, for that the Barrs of 
impudencie are thus broken downe, and all reverence 
whether to things or persons (wealth onely excepted) 
utterly abolished (lest we altogether bend to that beastly 
barbarisme which banished Hermodorus) that your deepe 
wisdome would devoutly ponder what coercive meanes may 
be justly prescribed for securing due honour to good men 
in authority, and some civill respect to able dispencers of 
the Gospell, as also tp men of great learning and parts» 

10 Notes from the College Records. 

when their integrity is found answerable to their sufficiency, 
and so well fitting them for publicke use, whensoever they 
shall be imployed. So that neither of these sorts may be 
necessitate to sooth the defects, and flatter the vices of 
arrogant and impious men, turning fooles to humor such as 
are so ; nor ever be as some of them lately hav been. 
Omnium injutiarum mancipia & nebulonum ludibria. 

And your Petitioner shall &c. 

Mar. 7, 1654* 

This Petition was intended for the Parliament, in November 
last 1654, and though approved upon perusal), by a grave and 
pious member of that house, well knowing the place, yet he saw 
no opportunity of presenting it, which occasioned this printing; 
so to expose the same, to the consideration of the Lord 
Protector and his Counsell, of whom the same things are 
humbly craved and expected. 

Addressed; To the right Wors'»^l The Maister with The Senior 
ffelowes of St Johns Colledge In Cambridge these. 

Ovic ivSoid^fo (avSpi^ AlBiaifiot) fii) ^avepov vfii¥ 
^eviaOai, irw ovro^ oi avriSiKot ^fi&v (^€^<f>vx^ fov ^arava 
Spfava) eh ipya^ dvoalov^ teareOiiyovTO, toU tov i^dovou 
fiiXta^y irporj/coyrtafiivoi nravjore tov rificofAevoy rj rip^aadai, 
A^iov ikoK^ara SiafiaXkovTO^, S^d yap to elvai inrift^Qovov 
TOi? v7roX€i7ro/i6voi9 avTOVf airavre^ tc(» iiriTo^d^ovrai, 
icaddirip ri /c<o\v^a Kal ijAiroSiov irpoopdfAevoi.^ oirep ov 
6avfiaaTiov ,' irp&ro^ yap avro^ SKaaTO^ €ivai /Soi;Xo/a€vo9 
TrapoaOelrah rov irXrjatoy xal rbv nrpo dvrov viroa'xjeiki^^iv 

*Jto yap TO dvai — wpoopupeyoi. This sentence is borrowed 

from Lucian, Calumniae non temere credendum, § 12 : — 2ia/3aX« 

Xcrai piv ovy utQ ro voXv paXttrra v ripwpeyoQ kqi ^id tovto role 

ifiroXtiiropiyoiQ ahrov ivl<I^Bovo£' awavree ydp rfh* eVirofa^ovrai 

KaOdiTip Ti KtiXvpa Kal ipTroiiov vpoopuip^yoi, Kal cicaaroc ourai 

wpuiroQ avroQ iirtadai» r^2* eTriroU^oyTai (printed in earlier editions 

rf 5* eVirofofoKrac) is borrowed by Lucian from Homer, /had iii 

79, r«3 i" iviTO^dl^oyTO^ 

♦ t\e. 1651. 

Notes from the College Records. 1 1 

nri;^«i^€t* ivda h ikkv ')(fififrtQ% attyy&^i wapaaiavprai, xal 
TO TtXeirratoVt arlfuw^ i^inarai. irpo^ Se ra^ roiavra^ 
K€ucafideia9 vt0ava>Tepo^, Kal KoXuKevTiKmrepo^, €vSoKifA€tg 
icai o\ai9 <p0d<Ta^ KpareT ; irapa roif^ tcphrii^ riiiw^ yapyaXi' 
^ofiivov^ ra &Ta vrro r&v Sia/SoX&v, paSim^ leal avi^erdarw^ 
wnruTTcvfiivwv^ ; oXa^^ fkiv a€ao<f>iafJk€vai^, S^KaioX6yo9 
otho^ avv T049 vireyyvoi^, iravra icdXoiv iKivijaai^ Xaffa^ 
Tiva9 T§ avKo<f>avTia ^rjTOvyre^ &<rT€ fi€ riyyeaOai inro rrj^ 
tcaxoSo^ia^, ^ivov fyap aifT^ (^ayav dXa^oviK^) Soxel to 
vpayfia irivtj^ avSpairo^ oifx viroTrnjaatov koI to irepKrrd- 
fievov i\€v0€pm^ Xiyav, ov8afi&^ ^ipomi rt)y irapprfaCay 
teal Ttjy dXi^Beiav rwv Xoymv. Si* fjv alriav leal Stf vfia^ 
irapfjTeiTO SiaiTtjTd^f ov^ eyo) iXoyi^6fif)y iTrirfjStiov^, (&9 
Xjififxdrwv ifjkelvov^ xal Svafieveia^ firjr* iT9pa')(0rj rijv 
hkdvoiav exovra^, aXV iv latp rpona del rd Sixaia raXaV' 
revovra^* Sioti ravra ra iyypa^a vpXv direaraXjukiva 
eial, T^9 ^fieripa^ dffXa/Seia^ elq Seiy/na xal fiaprvpiov 
OfJLOV T€ T^9 avT&y axaioipla^, ef &y dveyvw/cortov, /cal 
fiaaavi^ofiivav r&v fieipatciav, rtov avroOi ivrpe^ofiivmVf 
Suvaarevere tqu? ^Oovepmrdrov^ t^9 dffeXrffpla^ i^eXiyx^^y* 
el fiif ideXi^aeTe KaKOT€xvio.i^ dvSp&v iviSovvai, toy irivtira 
evayyeXLov tcijpvKa, eh Kaxlav StcSorov ; eiiropov fiiv del 
TO)v Karr^yoplav KvepiyeviaOai ?> atirep re Ofiov ainarot, 
irpohrjXov e^ovaai Tr)v airlav^ ei fitj iv vpXv eiaX rive^ ol 
tcdy fAdfftoaiy iarepoy aS»«ot)9 SuifiefiXfifiiyov^ trap* avrol^ 

' Lucian/t^. J., § i o : irpOroq avroQ tKaffroQ PovXopeyoQirapiitOeiTai xal 
wapayKuviZ^Tai tov irXijtriov ical tov irpo avrov, tl ^vvairOf vfrotnr^ 
Koi viroeiCfXlin. 

*iyda 6 pey — 4>ddeac rparet. Borrowed from Lucian, u. J., 
§ lO : — eyda 6 pey ypriaroQ drex^^^ evdve dyatfTpairrat koI vapa* 
aiffvprai xal to reXevratov dnpufe c£e<ti<rrai} 6 ^i icoXatccvrdCcJrejEMC 
Kal npoc roc roiavrac KaxoridtlaQ TriOaywrepoe iv^oKiptt, koi oXcuc 
fddtrac cparcc. 

^ pa^iwc Kol dyi^TddTwc 'jnintrrtvpiywy coxncs from Lucian, 

U.S.. %26. 

* trdyra KoKuy Ulyriaay. Cf. Lucian, Scj'/ha, § 1 1 : — irdyra KqXiay 

I a Notes from the College Records^ 

T0V9 4>i\ov^t ofito^ vir* aic')(yv7i<: &v iniarevaav, ov8* in 
irpoaieadai, avTOV^ tj rt^v aXi^deiav roX/A&ai'^ el S* apa 
gvv€iS6t€^ iari aTaXaiiropot, ©9 oifBiv eKCivoi^ ijfSiov rrjf 
tear* Cfiov yXtoaaaXyia^, t^ iraiSapidySe^ xal ayoTjrq^ vfA&v 
fioptq> diro)(^p7)aafi€Vf)^, eW* 6>^6i\oK fierd irappfjaia^ 
axoXaaTi/cfj^ t^i' iaurcjv avoiav iiravopdtoariTey eh ri 
Kadopi^uv eKeivov^ twv ISitoy ivvoi&v to ^Airrjx^^* aira^ 
yap 'TTCpiyivo/iivov fiov t^9 tovtwv aKevaapla^, rtfv KOirpov 
€KKad^pai avdi^ rov *Avy eiov ay eindvtiayn^t ^ lovroi^ 
mdXiv avfATrXiKcaOai'. Tovro /jlovov vfia^ ahovftai, €uSi« 
dyeiv iraclv vp,iv irpoaevxp^ievo^. 

T^9 vfieripa^ £0^979 

fitiepa KH a')(V€. Vi'Xfiphos laxaoy* 


I doubt not, reverend sirs, that it has been plain to you how 
that those our adversaries, (living tools of Satan) have been 
incited to unholy ragings, being pricked by the darts of envy, 
which ever slandereth most one that is held in honour of 
is worthy to be so : for by reason that this man stirreth the envy 
of those that fall short of him, all shoot at him as though seeing 
in him some hindrance and impediment to themselves. The^ 
which is no marvel. For each, wishing himself to be first* 
thrusteth aside his neighbour and essayeth to trip him that is 
before him. Whereby the good man verily hath been dragged 
at and at last thrust out with contumely. And as touching such 
evil dispositions it is the plausible roan and the flatterer who is 
held in good repute and by seizing his opportunity hath entire 

^ fviropov fjttv dtl rwv Karfiyopluy ktX. Cf. Lucian, Calumniae 
non iemere credendum^ § 4 : — aTrioroc yap ai'roOi ij Karrryopia 
Trpu^TjXoy i')(ov<ra Tijy aiWuv. . . .§ 25, fial ^i rii'cc ot nuy ^ddiaaiv 
vartpov dliKttiQ liaPe,S\rj^£vovg wop* avToiiQ tovq ^/Xovc, ofiuQ 
vtt' altry^uvrjQ tSy iviarevaay ovS* en vpoffUffdai ov^i tcpoapiKkirtiv 
roXfiiJUffiy awroTc iSairep fi^Kri^eroi, on fifjHy ddiKovyrag iviyyiaaay, 

^ Tijy Kowpov — (rvfitrXiKeffOai. Lucian, Fugitiviy 23 : kclk firjy 
dfieiyoy Jv, i vdnp, ri^y Koirpoy iKi^addpai avdig ri}>' Avydov fjj-ovTOig 

Notes from the College Records. 1 5 

power with the judges, whose ears are pleasantly tickled by the 
slanderers so that they are believed lightly and without examina- 
tion. By which evil dispositions cloaked in sophistries this 
man of fair words with his sworn witnesses have left no rope 
tintumed, seeking by their trickery some things to lay hold of 
whereby I may be overwhelmed by ill fame. For to him (being 
a great blusterer) it seemeth a strange thing, a poor man that 
doth not cower but freely speaketh of that which hath come 
about, since he by no means endureth that a tale should be told 
openly and in truth. For which cause he asked to have you as 
umpires, whom I judged proper persons thereto as who should be 
superior to bribes and malice and having no biassed mind but 
ever weighing evenly what is just. Wherefore these writings are 
sent to you for a proof and testimony of our innocency and 
likewise of their mischievousness. From which when ye have 
read them and have strictly examined the lads who are being 
reared here, ye may convince the most malicious of folly, 
unless ye shall be willing to surrender to the evil devices 
of men the poor preacher of the Gospel, given over unto 
villany. It is easy indeed to get the better of accusations, which 
everywhere are beyond belief, having a cause manifest, unless 
there are some among you who even if they afterwards learn 
that their friends have been slandered among them unjustly, 
nevertheless from shame at having believed, dare not even then 
to admit them or the truth. But if, as men indifferent, ye know 
in yourselves that to them nothing is more sweet than to revile 
me and so abuse the young and thoughtless part of you, I would 
that with the plain speech of the school ye would correct their 
thoughtlessness so that they should put some bound to the 
discord of their own thoughts. For when I have once got the 
better of their mischievousness, I would desire to clear the dung 
once more from the Augean stable rather than to engage with 
these men again. This is all I ask of you. Praying for the 
prosperity of you all 

A wellwisher of your glory and good fame 
Richard Jackson. 
from London 

28th day April (or May) 1655. 

R. P. S. 

(To he continued). 


HAVE no intention of giving any account of 
Ibsen himself in this paper. His life can be 
read elsewhere by anybody who wishes to 
know more of him. Here one must content 
oneself with an endeavour to get some reasonable idea 
of his works and meaning. For the benefit of the un- 
informed one may premise that he was born at Skien, 
in Southern Norway, in 1828, and finally left his country 
in 1864, to divide his life between Italy and Germany, 
his favourite places being Rome and Munich. 

No one, I suppose, will deny that he is a great man, 
or that he has at least elements of greatness. A little 
man could not have produced the effect he has had on 
the minds of men. It is into the sources and nature of 
this greatness that we have to inquire. 

In the first place, so far as can be gathered from 
translations which are supposed to be very faithful, he 
is no great stylist. The jerk that is so painfully obvious 
in his social dramas may be due to Mr Archer. It 
is true that it is less perceptible in Brand nrhich is 
translated by Mr Watson, but even there it is not 
absent. Hence one may not unreasonably lay it to 
Ibsen's charge. It may be also said that he has no very 
conspicuous gift of humour. There are those who say 
he has none at all. This may be exaggeration. Still 
such humour as one meets is too often commonplace. 
The distress of the philosopher Kytron, the trick of 
Anitra, and the delusions of the Cairo mad-house people, 
are not very high flights after all. Many people find him 
hard to read from other causes. His work has little 

Ibsen. 15 

padding, and is obscure. His characters are oftener 
mad than is usual in most books. Moreover there is a 
sort of nudity about their spirits, which is a little 
perplexing to those who see chiefly what I may call the 
clothing of actions. You see too far into his characters 
to be able to feel they are quite real people after all. 
This however may be the reader's fault rather than 
Ibsen's. No doubt if one could see right through 
people, one would find them very much as he finds 

Setting aside his manner, we may pass on to his 
matter. On this people are less agreed than before. 
This may arise from the fact that one finds in Ibsen as 
elsewhere chiefly that for which one looks. Hence one 
man finds in him a sort of museum of specimens of 
psychology, while another finds normal human beings 
—or nearly normal. One finds morality subverted, 
another finding it more firmly based than ever. Gene- 
rally speaking you may say most people admit a certain 
deGrundyzation, so to speak, of morals to be a leading 
characteristic of Ibsen. This, with all due regard to 
that pillar of society, whose name I have tak^n in vain, 
I am prepared to admit. Whether again he teaches 
this, that, or the other doctrine, or merely paints human 
life, I am not prepared to discuss. Perhaps one may 
conclude from the type of picture he usually paints, 
and from the way in which one picture complements 
another, that he has after all something to say of 
importance. This we must endeavour to discover. 
Should we fail to discover anything, every man must 
draw his own conclusion for himself concerning Ibsen's 
mind and his own. 

The question now meets us, How should we begin ? 
If you begin with The Master Builder or Rosmersholm^ 
it is highly probable you will soon leave off. These are 
to my mind the hardest of his plays. Nor would I 
advise beginning with a social drama, unless it were 
The Lady from the Sea or Pillars of Society. Anyone 

i6 Ihsen. 

who begins with The DoWs House^ for example, or 
Iledda Gahler^ will have a tendency to conclude abruptly 
that Ibsen believes marriage to be a failure, its tie of 
no importance, suicide not at all culpable, and society 
generally worthless. Nothing could be farther from 
the truth. I should therefore recommend beginning 
with Emperor and Galilean, and then going on to the 
following: Brandy Peer Gynt, The Lady from the Sea^ 
and The Enemy of Society^ and thereafter any play one 
pleases. For the present I propose to adhere more or 
less closely to this order, until we get something better 
to work at. 

Beginning then with Emperor and Galilean^ you will 
find it a strong play of great interest, with very little of 
the so-called " Ibsenism " which the British Public in 
its rough and ready way identifies with lunacy. The 
central figure is of course Julian, and the setting is 
admirable. Christian, orthodox and heretic, heathen, 
philosopher and scoffer, all are there. Student, courtier, 
townsman and soldier, Greek and barbarian, all help on 
the action of the play. The characters are clear and 
very typical of the classes they represent. So far as 
I can judge, the tone and aspect of society are well 
caught, while generally speaking the history of the 
period is religiously respected. The piece consists of 
two plays of five acts each, the second being to my 
mind more striking than the first. 

It need hardly be said that the story of Julian's 
apostasy is the theme of this great work. One is made 
to see very clearly the stages by which he came to 
revert to the old gods. The chief cause was, according 
to Ibsen, a feeling that the Christianity of his time 
failed to include all human life, that many important 
and valuable elements of it fell outside the teaching of 
the Church, and that the religion of the Nazarene 
was too hard and austere to be the final religion. 
Accordingly Julian betakes himself to philosophy and 
mysticism, and throughout the book the Mystic Maxi- 

Ibsen. 17 

mus is his bosom friend and adviser. At the same 
time political causes are not wanting. Julian feels 
bitterly the treatment his family and himself have 
received at the hands of the Christian Emperor 
Constantius. At the end of the first play he resolves 
on revolt, and dedicates himself to the old gods. 
Accordingly we find him in the beginning of the 
second play inaugurating the restoration of the old 
worship amid the approval of courtiers and apostates. 
Very soon, however, he reaches the real Church, and 
finds that it will not, like its parasites, yield at a touch. 
He then in reality abandons his declaration that he 
will not persecute any religion, though he veils this from 
himself by maintaining that he is crushing contumacy 
and rebellion. The stout resistance of the Christians, 
their exultation in martyrdom, and their general blend- 
ing of loyalty to the Emperor, though a persecutor, 
with an unflinching devotion to their religion, are very 
well drawn indeed. One may mention notably the 
boldness of Gregory of Nazianzus, and of Basil, the 
former fellow-students of Julian at Athens, and the 
denunciation of Bishop Maris. Similarly, the episodes 
of the boy Hilarion and his mother, and of the repentance 
of Hekebolius the apostate, are both striking and highly 
characteristic of such persons in all ages. Gradually it 
is borne in upon Julian that he cannot crush Christianity. 
At point after point he finds himself baffled by the 
Nazarene, till at last he falls wounded with the cry 
Vicisti Galilaee. This may indeed not be a historical 
fact, but it is very well used by Ibsen. 

To turn to Julian's view of Christianity and his idea 
in abandoning it, we are struck by several notable 
passages in the drama, which are rather hard to under- 
stand. In the third act of the first play, Caesuras 
Apostasyy we have a strange seance described and a 
stranger conversation between Julian and Maximus. 
There is a hint of a mysterious " third empire, which 
shall be founded on the tree of knowledge and the tree 
VOL xvm. D 

1 8 Ihsen. 

of the cross together, because it has its living sources 
under Adam's grove and under Golgotha." Julian 
scarcely understands this more than ourselves at the 
time, but the thought recurs again and again. In the 
third act of The Emperor Julian they are again discuss- 
ing it. "The right man," who is to found the Third 
Empire, is to " swallow up both Emperor and Galilean.*' 
He is to be " twin-natured," "God-Emperor" and 
" Emperor-God," " self begotten in the man who wills." 
Julian is a failure, because he will have the one without 
the other, the older without the newer, while the " right 
man " is to comprise both. It would seem as if Ibsen — 
or Maximus — inculcated some sort of blending of the 
human, typified by the world of Pan, and the divine, 
typified by the Logos. Christianity does not satisfy 
Julian as doing this, because, as he admits to his friend, 
it is always outside him. The Galilean's " unconditional 
inexorable commands" are "always without" {^C,A. 
iii, p. 145, Archer's Translation). This is not perhaps 
clear, but in the light of Peer Gynt it becomes much 

When we come to the play Brand, we are in quite a 
different region. Brand is a clergyman with a lofty 
sense of duty and a fine manhood. He sacrifices 
himself for the sake of a northern Norwegian parish. 
But he unhappily goes further than this and sacrifices 
everybody else. He has a cast-iron theory of religion. 
God exacts "all or nothing" according to him. So 
does he. This "all or nothing" policy makes hira 
unspeakably cruel at times. His refusal to see his 
dying mother, because she will not give up all the 
property she holds in defiance of what he considers the 
just claims of an outsider, makes one feel there is 
something wrong with his theory. Again when he will 
not go South to save his^child's life, and when, later on, 
he compels his wife to part with every relic of the dead 
child, one's feelings revolt against him. He is the very 
incarnation of the spirit, which Julian saw in Christian- 

lisen, 19 

ity, of the hard, awful, inexorable sternness which drove 
him out. All Brand's personality is subjected to the 
harsh law from without. He has not incorporated the 
divine with the human ; he has crushed the human 
without getting the divine at all. Ibsen makes it clear 
that Brand's conception of the ideal is hopelessly 
wrong. The miraculous voice at the end of the play-— 
"He is deus carttatis" — may be inartistic, as some say, 
but it is a great relief. Summing up the results, we 
find that in Brandy Ibsen gives us one of the poles we 
have to avoid. In Emperor and Galilean^ we get a 
glimpse of what the ideal man is to be. Here we can 
learn what he is not to be. In Peer Gynt we go further, 
and learn what else he should not be, and by contrast- 
ing the two we shall be able to reach some conclusion. 

Peer Gynt is a distinctly pleasing play. It is as light 
and amusing as any play of Ibsen's, and has at the 
same time great serious value. It is full of folk lore, 
which requires explanation. Mr Archer's edition gives 
almost as much as is necessary for practical purposes. 
Peer Gynt has been brought up on folk lore and fairy 
tales, and they form a great part of his being. He is 
the exact opposite of Brand in every way. Brand was 
serious. Peer is a trifler. Brand held to one course 
of action. Peer Gynt never goes in unreservedly for 
any one line. He can wish a thing done, and see 
its desirability, but to do it irretrievably is too much 
for him. 

Ay, think of it — wish it done — will it to boot,— 
but do it — ! No, that's past my understanding. 

Act. iii. sc. I. 

He will attempt to blend impossibles rather than 
take a decided step. He at one time exports idols to 
China. He feels it to be wrong, but cannot give it up. 
To set matters right, he ** opened straightway 

a new trade with the self same land. 

I shipped off idols every spring, 

each autumn sent forth missionaries." Act iv. sc. i 

20 Ibsen, 

In fact he believes that the art of life is 
** to know that ever in the rear 
a bridge for your retreat stands open. 
This theory has borne me on, 
has given my whole career its colour." Act, iv. sc. i. 

No greater contrast to the ''all or nothing" man 
could be imagined. Brand gives up, crushes and 
annihilates self. Peer Gynt lives for self avowedly. 
If he has one fixed principle, it is the troll -principle — 
** Troll, to thyself be enough/'— which he learns from 
the Troll-King. He likes pleasure and takes it, careless 
of everybody. He is moody, fitful and dreamy. He is 
always about to do things but never does anjahing* 
particular. Where Brand wore out his life prematurely 
for a principle. Peer Gynt fritters it away with no result. 
They are both failures, but one is a good failure, the 
other a bad. To fail with Brand would be better than 
to succeed with Peer Gynt. 

The last few scenes of Peer Gynt are most striking. 
Peer meets a man with a large casting-ladle, who 
confesses to being a Button-Moulder, and in search for 
Peer Gynt. Peer is not unnaturally alarmed when he 
learns that it is in order to melt him down. He soon 
learns why. Peer as a boy used to cast buttons himself. 
If they were spoiled in the making, he threw them 
away. The man catches him up thus : 

" Ah, yes ; Jon Gynt* was well known for a waster, 

So long as he'd aught left in wallet or purse. 

But Master, you see, he is thrifty, he is ; 

and that is why he's so well-to-do. 

He flings nothing away as entirely worthless 

that can be made use of as raw material. 

l^o^\you were designed for a shining button 

on the vest of the world ; but your loop gave way ; 

so into the waste-box you needs must go, 

and then, as they phrase it, be merged in the mass. 

Peer: You're surely not meaning to melt me up 

with Dick, Tom and Harry into something new ?" 

♦ Peer's father. 

Ibsen, 2 1 

Learning that this is indeed to be his fate, Peer is 
aghast. He is unwilling to lose " a doit of himself." 
He would prefer to go outright for a century to ** Him 
of the Hoof," rather than submit to "this Gynt- 
cessation." He is told thereupon, there is no need to 
worry himself: he has never been himself at all, so that 
to leave off will not hurt him. This Peer indignantly 
denies. He has been " Peer all through — ^nothing else 
in the world, no, nor anything more." He asks and 
obtains time to produce vouchers and witnesses to 
prove this. He meets the Troll-king, whom he reminds 
how he refused to become a nationalised Troll. But 
the King points out that though he refused the last 
steps in this, he had been living the Troll -life — " Troll, 
to thyself be enough" — he had given up his real self for 
a Troll self. Failing in this. Peer endeavours to get 
" Him of the Hoof" to swear to his utter depravity, and 
again fails. '* The Lean One" compares the thoroughly 
bad man to a good photographic negative, which is 
handed over to him to be developed. Peer, however, 
has " smudged himself out," and must like the majority 
end in the casting ladle. From this, however, Peer is 
saved at the last moment by the faithful love of his wife 
whom he had long ago deserted. 

We then ask, as Peer asked the Button-Moulder, 

•' What is it, at bottom, this * being oneself ' ? ** 

The answer is fairly clear : 

•*To be oneself is : to slay oneself. 

But on you that answer is doubtless lost ; 

and therefore we'll say : to stand forth everywhere 

with Master's intention displayed like a signboard." 

Peer realises what this was at the last, thanks to his 
wife, who knew all along what the intention for her was. 

Now, what is the conclusion of the whole matter ? 
Brand, Julian, and Peer all failed. They failed because 
they could not accomplish the ideal. This is to 
harmonize in oneself the divine and the human, to 

21 Ibsen. 

know and to be the self the Master designed, to have 
the law of life and rule of conduct within, in a word, if 
I may say it with all reverence, to be God in man and 
man in God. The divine without (as in Julian's case) 
is useless to a man. The law without is ineflFectual. 
Duty from without is meaningless. As was said else- 
where, */the Kingdom of Heaven is within you." The 
human within you must be made divine ; the divine 
without you must be brought in and made human. 
Brand seems to suggest that the divine must be so 
incorporated that service is instinct and love, and not 
duty. While it is duty it cannot be done. Mrs Solness, 
in The Master Buildery is an example of the person 
whose conceptions of duty come from without and 
are dreary and burdensome in consequence. Dr Stock- 
mann, "the Enemy of Society," is the opposite. He 
has realised the "Master's intention," and opposition 
and ill-will fail to keep him from displaying it. 

A very large number of Ibsen's dramas are devoted 
to proving what failures men and women make when 
they live on any other principle. We have seen Brand 
and Peer fail so. In the other plays we have many 
flabby people with no conception of their proper "self," 
who make messes of their lives with dodges and " round 
about" policies and shirkings of the true. You 
have them in almost every play, and, if you like to look, 
in daily life too. A good deal of the dislike of Ibsen seems 
to be caused by this. He draws " the flabby gentleman" 
of the common sort too truly to be popular with him. 
He shews up the paltriness of the policy-mongerer, his 
shuffles, pettinesses, and lies. He makes it clear that 
nothing is ever to be gained in the long run by bating 
a jot or tittle of the truth. Mrs Alving, in Ghosts^ tried 
to do this. She screened her vicious husband, till he 
became a popular saint, leaving their son in such 
ignorance of his heirloom of tendencies as to ruin him. 
The play is dismal, but its moral is that of Marcus 
Aurelius — "No one was ever yet hurt by the truth." 

Ibsen. 23 

Comment. 6, 2 1 ). Similarly in Pillars 0/ Society Ibsen gives 
a wonderful picture of men of worthy and respectable 
exterior engaged in deceiving the public, lest a scandal 
should occur. We see blame shifted on to innocent 
shoulders for the same reason. Finally all the hollow- 
ness is discovered, and the play ends with the repent- 
ance and confejssion ofBernick, the chief sinner. 

In close connexion with this part of the subject we 
must consider two important points, with which is 
bound up most closely the common conception of Ibsen. 
They are Convention and Marriage. Convention may 
perhaps be defined roughly as the codified experience 
of society. The observance of it occupies an important 
part of Ibsen's plays. Though commonly his characters 
are supposed to be unconventional, I believe that in 
reality this is far from being the case. As a general 
rule the most striking situations in his plays arise from 
some previous deference to Convention on the part of 
the actors. There may be said to be three reasons for 
deferring to Convention — an outward, an inward, and a 
mixed. The first is very clear. One can observe a 
convention because it is " the thing," because to disre- 
gard it may involve trouble of any sort, or simply 
because it is generally observed by other people. This 
type of reason Ibsen shows to be no sort of reason at all. 
It is the law without, against which Julian revolted. It 
is an utterly insufficient guide for action. You may in 
the end be right in following the convention, but you 
can claim no credit for it. You may be wrong, and 
you are to blame, for sinking your own intelligence for 
an outsider's. The unhappy Hedda Gabler acts on 
such motives throughout, until her mind becomes up- 
set, as her conduct clearly shows. She " renounces the 
world, because she has not the courage to make it her 
own," that is of course so far as she has a world to 
renounce. (C-^., Act v., p. 150, Archer). In the 
second case an inward reason turns convention into 
conviction, and the man, who has it, acts with con- 

24 Ibsen, 

vention rather than after it. It is, as was said before, 
the law within. In this case to act otherwise would be 
fatal. The third case is that of people who, distrusting 
their own judgment, accept the common finding in the 
idea that it is more likely to be right than their own. 
They are better that those who act merely because 
others act, for they have thought of reasons for and 
against their course of action. But they too are liable 
to misadventure. For example, in Ghosts^ Mrs Alving 
has a very clear notion of what she ought to do, but she 
allows herself to be led by her clergyman. The result 
is terrible, and she realises in the end the mistake she 
made. It may perhaps be said that the two poor 
reasons are the most widely accepted, otherwise there 
would not be so many "flabby" people in Ibsen's plays 
and the world they represent. To my mind "the 
flabby gentleman" in The Wild Duck is a very common 

As to Marriage, nothing could be wilder than the 
popular estimate of Ibsen's view of it. So far from 
disregarding its sanctity, it seems to me he could hardly 
insist on its sacred character more strongly than he 
does. It is not by any to be enterprised nor taken in 
hand unadvisedly, lightly, or wantonly ; but reverently, 
discreetly, advisedly, soberly, and in accordance with 
"the Master's intention." {PG,y V. 9, p. 261, Archer). 
The true "self" of each is to be kept sacred. Any 
other sort of marriage is about as great a crime as can 
be committed. In three plays in particular Marriage 
is the chief subject. In A DolVs House we have the 
picture of Torvald Helmer and his wife Nora. They 
were very fond of each other, and lived in great 
happiness. But there was a lack of confidence. Nora 
tells him fibs now and then. By and by Helmer finds 
out from a stranger that an action of his wife's may get 
him into trouble. She has forged her father's name, — 
it is true, with no idea that she was doing anything 
wrong. Should the case come into court, he cannot 

Ihsen^ 25 

but be involved, though utterly unaware of her action. 
It is too much for him, and the essential selfishness of 
the man comes out. Nora discovers that she and her 
husband are strangers after eight years, that she has been 
living on him " by performing tricks for him," and that 
they have no real communion at all. So feeling that she 
cannot and does not love him, she leaves him, not to 
return till they "both so change that communion 
between them shall be a marriage." In Hedda Gabler 
and The Lady from the Sea we have pictures of women 
who have married to save themselves annoyance. Hedda 
is very like Diana of the Crossways. She marries 
the student J5rgen Tesman, knowingly in defiance of 
what she is and must be. Of course she finds marriage 
a failure. So she shufHes out of it in the weakest and 
worst way by shooting herself. The ** Lady from the 
Sea," Mrs Dr Wangel, on the other hand, bears her un- 
happiness more bravely, till in a great crisis she realises 
the love and trust her husband has for her and finds her 
own go out to him in response. In other words her 
marriage is converted from a sort of commercial pact 
into a real communion of soul. One word more. How 
far Ibsen would approve the action of some of his 
women in abandoning wrong marriages, he only can say. 
The ordinary individual will rather cherish the belief 
that the best way out of a bad business is to make it 
a good. This I think will commend itself to most 

One or two more points remain to be noticed. Ibsen 
is a strong believer in heredity. The sins of the father 
come out in the son. This is writ large in Ghosts. On 
the other hand his virtues may come out equally welL 
Petra Stockmann is very like her father {An Enemy 
of Society J, Nemesis, too, plays a large part in Ibsen's 
plays. So far as I can understand The Master Builder 
at all, retribution strikes me as its main feature. 
Solness has wronged anybody who came in his way in 
order to his own success. Hilda Wangel causes him 
VOL. xvm. £ 

;f& IBsen. 

to lose his life with a view to gratify her. But a» 
some say the whole play is an allegory, and as it 
certainly is very obscure, I leave it. In The Pillars of 
Society the idea of Nemesis is strongly brought out, and 
it is this which accomplishes the change in that re- 
spectable hjrpocrite, Bemick. In Brandy too, there is a 
notable scene where Brand has his own measure meted 
out to him. Ejnar, a man to whom he looked for sym- 
pathy, turns from him as harshly as he had himself 
turned from those who looked to him. 

Here I end my discussion. I have set forth one 
view of Ibsen, and there are many others* The best 
plan is to read for oneself and learn at first hand what 
are his intentions and his meaning. No fair-minded 
reader can deny that Ibsen is a great dramatist. I 
do not think that he is a second Shakespeare ; but then 
I cannot read Norwegian. T. R. G. 


After Tennyson. 

Die Sonne sinkt, die Abendsterne gltihn, 
Ein heller Anruf fordert mich ins Meer : 

Sei rair gewahrt es brause kein GestOhn 
Am Hafenausgang wenn ich seewarts kehr'. 

Es ftihre mich die stille Fluth dahin, 

Die ohne Tosen, ohne Schaum, erschwillt : 

Wenn das muss in die Heimath wieder ziehn 
Was her aus grenzenloser Tiefe quillt. 

Die Dammrung sinkt, die Abendglocken lauten. 
Nun graut die Nacht, die.Finsterniss nicht harrt : 

Lasst keine Trennungsklage mich begleiten 
Wenn ich besteig' den Kahn zur letzten Fahrt. 

Denn ob die Fluth auch ilber Zeit und Ort, 
Der Menschheit Schranken, weit mich tragt : Vertraun ! 

Ich hoffe doch am Hafenausgang dort 
Den Antlitz meines Lootsen anzuschaun. 

D. MacAlister. 


Think not, ye hungry souls, who every day 
With ravening eyes come crowding into hall. 

That this is an Epicurean lay, 
'Tis not, at all. 

'Tis of those crawling craft I sing, that come 

With oars that pause and fall, and raise black jets 

Of blackest Cam (save when the crew doth slum}. 
Yclept croquettes. 

Tlie word is French, but nought doth it pertain 
To that sweet game fair maidens love to play 

At garden parties with a favoured swaia 
Some summer day. 

The word recalls the voice of fierce reproach, 
The garish gesture and the scornful smile. 

The churlish chiding of the captious coach — 
"The time is vile," 

For Bow is late, and that erratic Two, 
Like some vast avalanche, his vast weight hurls 

Forward, and Five digs deep, as divers do 
For precious pearls. 

So when to roll yon * egg-box' doth begin. 
As though 'twere tossed upon a wintry sea, 

That coach's words are not so suave as in 

And yet, mayhap, there once will come a day. 
When he that rowed will mournfully regret 

That those sweet words as clean have passed away 
As that croquette ! 

A. J. a 


[HEY were paying a short visit to Cambridge, 
and had strolled down to the river, and along 
the towpath as far as Baitsbite Lock. It was 
a beautiful hot morning in the May Term, 
and nothing disturbed the stillness of the much-harassed 
river, which, as yet, provided none of that material on 
which' the old rowing man loves to exercise his critical 
faculties. But it is a kind of law of nature that feet 
which have trodden the tow path will fit no other 
road half so easily ; and so along the tow path they 
came, as not having much choice about the matter, and 
sat down on the long bars of the lock-gates, facing each 
other, with the water between them : which, indeed, is 
a position of great excellence for argumentative dis- 
course, if the day be hot and the discoursing parties too 
lazy to seek that greater proximity, or that handier 
supply of missiles, which is essential for the successful 
application of the argumentum ad caput. 

For a time they smoked in silence ; till at last the 
philosopher, answering his own thoughts aloud, remark- 
ed, "After all, it isn't such a bad old river. It may be 
dirty, narrow, and crooked, I admit: yet I question 
whether the straightest, broadest, and most pellucid 
stream on the market would be half so dear to us as 
our poor abused old Cam." 

" There ain't a river in the land, 
rd swop for my dear old Ditch," 
sang the poet. 

" In fact," continued the philosopher, " it is just these 
peculiarities that constitute its principal charm, as 

Camus et Camenaei 29 

supplying, in the first place an inexhaustible source 
of what I may call grumbling material — without which 
no pleasure in life is complete — and secondly a never-^ 
ending excuse for bad rowing, being efficiently aided 
in the latter respect by the eccentricities of boats and 
oars and still more of other people. For we all know 
that every frequenter of the Cam is a paragon of 
oarsmanship, actual or potential, though generally more 
potential than actual : but for this the thickness and 
sluggishness of the water, the constant succession of 
corners, the perverseness of tholes and slides, and the 
incapability of the rest of the crew may be seen by the 
impartial observer to supply the cause in every case.'* 

" That quite falls in with my experience," said the 
poet> " which was after this fashion : — 

Oh I list to these sorrows of mine, 

Which are turning my hair snowj white. • 
At rowing I never can shine, 

Although Tm a paragon quite. 
I once used to think with delight 

Of my future aquatical fame : 
But the coaches all say I'm a 'sight' — 

And the water alone is to blame. 

Of blues I would rival the best, 

Were the water no thicker than whey: 
My hands would fly out from my chest, 

But the water is sluggish as they. 
They say I catch crabs, by the way. 

And it cannot, I fear, be denied: 
But what if I catch them all day? 

I should not if the river were wide. 

They tell me I slide at the pace 

Of a stone from a catapult sped: 
But why should / be in disgrace ? 

Put the blame on the river instead. 
But alas, for xay fame that is fled ! 

Though a paragon surely I am: 
Yet I think I'd best row on my head. 

The next time I try on the Cam." 

30 Camus et Camenae. 

" It is perhaps a mistake," resumed the philosopher, 
"to regard the Cam as one indivisible entity. We 
should rather hold that there exist two rivers, the 
exoteric and the esoteric Cams. The former is no 
doubt dirty and occasionally has a bad smell ; but the 
other is a far more ethereal stream, being a kind of 
compound of sweet and bitter memories, of struggles, 
victories, and defeats, blended and harmonised by time, 
and that greater artist — the mind; for the mind is a 
master of artistic composition, and well skilled in using 
the shadows only to throw the lights into greater relief. 
Indeed I am not sure after all that there is more than 
one Cam ; I scarcely believe in the existence of the 
exoteric Cam at all. It is only the esoteric river that 
really exists ; but it cannot be known but by those who 
with much pain and hard labour have attained to the 
rank of the initiated." 

Then the poet broke out into his ideas on the 
subject : — 

" Let other bards the Isis grace, 
And scomfully the Cam deride ; 
With us, our river holds a place 

No other stream may come beside. 
No doubt it's not extremely wide ; 
Perhaps it's not precisely clean. 
But yet its charm no scorn can harm, 
The charm of things that once have been. 

Here's Baitsbite, where we've gone ashore, 

Stripped sweaters, and embarked again, 
And listened for the * cannon's roar,' 

And quivered with the needle's pain ; 
The starting post with bung and chain, 

That plagued us so when first we steered ; 
The path where ran each partisan, 

And inarticulately cheered. 

The places where a crab we've caught. 

Or made a bump, or lost an oar, 
Or, sculling, set the rules at naught, 

And stopped a Trial-eight or Four ; 

Camus et Camenae. 3 1 

The bridge, which many a time of yore, 
Done up and dry, we longed to view, 

And turned an eye with glances sly, 
And got a slating : " Watch it, two ! " 

Or where our first attempt to scull 

Was ended in the usual way ; 
First potent lesson in the full 

Effects of Barnwell Pool bouquet. 
For who has rowed from day to day, 

That drinks not oft from memory's well ? 
There's scarce a yard that does not guard 

A tale we're never loth to tell. 

More limpid waters may there be, 

There may be other streams more fair ; 
But what concern with them have we ? 

We've rowed no bumping races there. 
Their scenes may make the tourist stare, 

And fast the nimble Kodak ply ; 
But memories green of what has been 

Shall keep the Cam*s supremacy." 

" By the way," continued the poet, " how about those 
dead dogs ? Have they any place on your ideal river ? 
Ah ! it's a sublime thought ! The astral body of a de- 
ceased puppy floating serenely upon the esoteric flood ! 
I must make a note of that. Everybody who brings 
out a volume of verse nowadays has lines on a dead 
dog. But I fancy mine will knock them all out." 

" No," replied the philosopher, " it won't do. The 
dead dogs and such external phenomena are but a 
relic of the animal worship practised by the ancient 
Egyptians, and serve to veil the higher mysteries from 
the uninitiated. For if the matter be investigated, much 
reason will be found for supposing that rowing and its 
mysteries were the true esoteric religion of the Egfypt- 
ians, and that "many traces of that inner worship have 
been handed down even to our own times. Take, for 
instance, the name of the great deity Amen-Ra^ 
and after inverting it and writing it Ra-Amen, let 

32 Camus et Camenai. 

loose upon it one untamed philologist, who has been 
kept without mental food for three days. Then you 
will find that the head of the Egyptian Pantheon re- 
presented Rowing personified, and that his name is 
the parent of the words for rowing in a dozen 
different languages. Of Isis I need hardly speak : and 
may we not also recognise the original of our own 
river in the god Khem ? Then again the god Osiris, 
under his true name of Hesar, the judge of the dead, is 
typified by the term * Easy' — the term, that is to say, 
which every coach uses at the end of a course as a 
prelude to criticising and passing judgment upon the 
performance of his crew. Ptah also bears out my 
theory, for he is described as *the father of the 
beginnings.' We may also conjecture that the Apis 
bull was worshipped as a symbol of training break- 

"Let us now," continued the philosopher, "philo- 
sophise on the subject of rowing. For a rowing man 
has need of a certain amount of philosophy to enable 
him to keep the true ends of rowing before his eyes, 
to face trouble and inconvenience and to make light 
of it. For he who grieves as much over an occasional 
blister or a few rolls of the boat, as he would over 
being ploughed in his Tripos or declared a defaulter on 
the Stock Exchange, is putting his own personality 
forward too readily; which is moral or constructive 

However, let us proceed to discuss Rowing generally. 
I have heard it defined as * wriggling at the end of a 
pole' — ^but that was the invention of a calumnious foot- 
ball-maniac, though aptly descriptive in his case — or as 
* seeking fame at the end of an eight-foot spruce' — 
which is a romantic definition, but vague, not to say 
incorrect. However, let us leave generalities and 
descend to particulars. And first with regard to boats 
and oars, which are to be classed together on the 
^ound that they jnay be subdivided on similar prin- 

Camus et Catnenae. 33 

ciples. For as authorities hold that a boat consists 
of a bow, a stern, and a part between the bow and the 
stern, so does an oar consist of a blade, d handle, and a 
part between the blade and the handle. Though in- 
deed of late, through the operation of a process which 
you, as a student of evolution, will understand, many 
oars have come to consist of a handle and a non-handle, 
forming a sub-variety known as toothpicks, but also 
useful as pipe-cleaners or letter-files. 

And now let us speak of Eights, which are of two 
species, the light or racing, and the tub or heavy kind. 
The former is of a flighty and nervous nature, apt to be 
unsteady and frequently having its delicate sides in a 
state of tingle : the other is a more stolid craft, and 
usually equipped with a nickname of a more or less 
vituperative character. Now the chief end of Eights — 
at Cambridge at least — is the bumping race, but oi it 
I shall attempt no description — even a lady novelist is 
scarcely capable of doing it full justice." 

" True," said the poet : " but then the hero is always 
rowing in the successful boat, and, being a model hero, 
sees nothing more than the back of the man in front of 
him. However, though we may pass over the appear- 
ance of a bumping race, let me attempt a description of 
some of its sounds :— * 

" Tiddle her up gently ! 

•* Tiddle her I bow and two ! " 
Hoarsely but eloquently 

The starter gives his cue : 
" Tiddle her up gently ! 
* "Easy! that'll do!" 

" Come along, lads I well started t '' 

Answers the booming gun ; 
While the eight lads stout-hearted 

Swing to it, eight like one. 
'' Come along, lads ! well started I 

" Steadily I Let her run I " 

34 Camus et Camenae. 

** Up with her ! now you're straight, lads ! 

•• Quicken, and make her go ! 
'' Got them as sure as fate, lads 1 

"That's the right way to row ! 
** Up with her I now you're straight, lads ! 

" Up with her ! all you know 1 " 

" Easy, you men ! you've bumped them ! 

** Never a bump so clear I 
*• Did'nt you feel you'd thumped them ? 

*' Fetch her in, cox, just here. 
" Jolly well rowed ! You've bumped them ! 

•• Up with the flag and cheer ! " 

" Next," said the philosopher, " let us take the Four, 
which is a craft that needs good rowing, but is more 
apt to get bad language." 

"I'll set you a conundrum," said the poet. "What 
is the difiFerence between a good and a bad Four ?" " Give 
it up," said the philosopher, promptly. 

"The letter O," said the poet: "one does courses, 
and— '^ 

Then the philosopher managed to reach a stone, so 
that the rest is lost to history. 

" We must now pass on," said the philosopher, afler 
a pause, " to the Pair, on which subject I consider my- 
self an authority, having several times caught a crab in 
such a vessel, got my oar wedged into the small of my 
back, and then rescued myself from that artistic but 
embarrassing position without upsetting the boat. 
There is only one fundamental principle in pair-oared 
rowing. It is to keep your hands and tongue steady 
and your temper in ice, and to divide the responsibility 
of making the boat roll with the impartiality of a 
Boundary Commission." 

" I think," said the poet, " that the principle need 
not be confined to one branch of rowing. However, let 
me celebrate the Pair (standard design) in verse : — 

Camus et Camenae. 35 


Why did I row in a pair ? 

Why wasn't I sooner beheaded? 
Why is Bow*s oar in the air, 

While mine in the mud is embedded? 
Why is his language so rank? 

Bargees might hear it and quiver. 
Why must he make for the bank? 

Why can't he stick to the river? 

Bow — 

Difficult 'tis to discern 

Why o'er the stretcher Stroke lingers. 
Why does he bury the stem. 

And bark on the gunwale my fingers? 
Why made that coach such a row? — 

His cox at the game isn't handy: 
Why am I now at the 'Plough,' 

Drinking hot water and brandy? 

The Impartial Observtr — 

Here's an infallible tip 

For all who would go a-light-pairing :— > 
Smartness and watermanship 

Move a boat faster than swearing. 
Whether at stroke or at bow, 

Drop all that snapping and sneering; 
And don't think your mate such a cow, 

Because >'<?« mismanage the steering." 

**Of the Rowing Man in general/' resumed the 
philosopher, "I have only to remark, that, present 
company being rigorously excluded, he is the best 
fellow in the world, so long as he remembers to be 
human and to let other rowing men be the same. I 
have heard him described as a triumph of matter 
over mind : but that is unjust and untrue. Few people 
recognise the true psychological nature of rowing, 
which, properly considered, is a triumph of mind over 
matter. For instance in the middle of a hard race^ 

36 Camus et Camenae. 

it isn't your material part that wants to go on : no — 
it would stop if the matter-conquering mind did not 
force it to do its utmost towards attaining an end which 
is principally for the mind's gratification. The two 
generally have a tough struggle at a comparatively 
early stage of a race. If mind wins, the man will row 
till he splits ; if matter, he will * sugar ' judiciously for 
the rest of the way, and get a reputation for deficiency 
in the internal regions : but that is wrong ; for it is a 
sign of a super-abundance of piattery which is naturally 
of a lazy disposition." 

♦* I see your point," said the poet. ** We may treat 
the psychological aspect of a race after this fashion :— »- 

When the boats are running level, man for man, and oar for oar. 
When the blades swish through the water at a stroke of forty-four. 
When you're clearing for the open past the head of Temple Isle, 
When you're feeling very dicky just about the Quarter Mile, 
When your wind is getting shorter, and your hands are getting 

And you think upon the many lengths there yet remain to go, 
Then there comes one short black minute, when the mind is all 

And you gasp a malediction on the day when you were bom. 

Yet there comes a blessed moment when such shadows seen) 

to flit, 
And your wind, instead of giving out, improves a little bit, 
When you find you're swinging longer, as the onlookers applaud, 
And it dawns upon you after all that life is not a fraud. 
Then there comes the joy of racing, and it grips your being 

All forgotten are the trials and the troubles of the past. 
For the mind has conquered matter. What are wind and limb 

to you ? 
Whete are pain, discomfort, trouble, if you beat the other crew ?'* 

" I always think this the prettiest spot on the Cam,'* 
said the poet, after an interval of meditative silence, 
looking across the little backwater below the weir. •* If 
I were a river god, I should take up my abode here." 

Camus et Camenae. 37 

** I've no doubt Father Cam will take your advice," 
responded the philosopher. 

*• He's done that already," rejoined the poet. "It's 
the only place I know of where his slumbers would be 
undisturbed by the ever-restless oar. 

I'll tell you how he came here : — 

Where does Father Cam reside ? 

Is it where reflections Wl 
On his scarcely moving tide 

Of bridge and lawn and college wall ? 
Once he dwelt there ; found the spot 

Passing fair ; yet none the less 
Freshmen were a daring lot, 

Startled thence His Sleepiness, 

Then he chose a new abode 

Somewhere by the Ditton shore ; 
But the pranks of them that rowed 

Made it noisier than before. 
Pin incessant overhead : 

Cox's shout and coach's bawl ; 
Oars disturbed his muddy bed ; 

Couldn't get to sleep at all. 

So he passed beyond the throng, 

Where the water o'er the weir 
Sings a soporific song. 

Where the stream is almost clear i 
Him the soothing waters lull 

'Neath an eddy cool and deep : 
Undisturbed by oar or scull 

Peacefully he lies asleep." 

**And an inn close at hand too!" murmured the 

<* Happy thought ! " responded the poet. 

R. H. F, 


No Sttad 
and no 
Henley f 

lOME curious observer, not untouched with a 
shallow optimism, has noted that the appear- 
ance of every new shape of physical evil is 
followed by some kind of remedy or counter- 
poise. We could have dispensed with the 
remedy, on condition that the evil, too, were 
withheld. Yet in the moral and spiritual 
world, we can but regard such a disposition with grati- 
tude, for here we must be willing to purchase any 
positive good at whatever price may be asked for it. 
The birthday of the Review of Reviews will scarcely be 
marked with chalk in our calendars, nor does the evolu- 
tion of M. Zola and his school give humanity reason to 
rate itself too high. But if we had to elect for either 
"no Stead and no Henley" or our present endowment, 
if our great Enemy could make us an explicit offer, 
"Forget your Stevenson, and I will keep my Zola," we 
should probably acquiesce in things as we have them. 

• A Book of Verses, First Edition. Printing begun March i, ended 
June 8, 1888. 

Ordinary Issue 1050 copies. 
Special Issue — hand-made 75 copies. 

Finest Japanese 20 copies. 
Views and Reviews, First Edition. Printing begun 28th October 1889^ 
ended 13th May 1890. 

Ordinary Issue 1000 copies. 
Finest Japanese 20 copies. 
Three Plays. By W. E. Henley and R. L. Stevenson, 1892. 
The Song of the Sword, 1 892. 

Printed by T. and A. Constable. Published by David Nutt. 

William Ernest Henley. 39 

All that is best and most wholesome in what 
sireei. Englishmen are writing to-day finds sure re- 
cognition, even if it has not, as often, found 
also an inspiration, in Mr Henley's literary censorship. 
Rash as, at first sight, the comparison may appear, 
there is more than a distant analogy between the central 
position of Swift among men of letters in the seventeen- 
hundreds, and the relation of Mr Henley to his con- 
temporaries. Romance, in the persons of Stevenson 
and " Q " and Kipling, poetry as represented by Richard 
le Gallienne, William Watson, and Norman Gale, even 
the criticism of our only critic, Andrew Lang, each and 
all discover a ground of union, or a common starting- 
point for new energies, in his friendship or his tutelage. 
Under his guidance the National Observer has become 
not merely an exponent of sound politics and healthy 
morals, but a sacred Palladium to those who love letters, 
a terror and a sign to Philistines, to gnash their teeth 

Strange it is that a man who has done so much, in 
genuine result, should have so little of work in material 
shape to show : two little books of verse, a by-no-means 
large volume of criticism — written in a desultory manner 
for various journals — the part-authorship of three plays. 
So much (in mere bulk) might have been offered to the 
public — wrought by no means ill — by many a young 
man who could claim to win from it only the veriest 
rudiment of a reputation. 

Of Mr Henley's plays, the uninitiated must 
* speak with caution. The discrimination of 
the diflferent hands is not everywhere to him that runs. 
That Mr Henley's influence is most traceable in Deacon 
Brodie — we know that he is an authority on slang, and 
a serious student of the manners of thievery — that 
Mr Stevenson gives more of the tone to Beau Austin^^ 
though if the Prologue that speaks of- 

that great duel of Sex, that ancient strife 

which is the very central fact of life, 

40 William Ernest Henley. 

should not be signed W. E. H., then itdvja ivaXKa 
yivoiTo — thus much may be hazarded. But the ways of 
collaborators are fearsome and devious. It may even be 
that Pew himself, the most intimate creation of Mr 
Stevenson's fancy, has taken service under a new master. 
Who dare say? However it be, the mastery is still 

In his verse Mr Henley is studied, curiously 

wrought sometimes, often remmiscent, with 
another kind of reminiscence to that we know in a Milton 
or a Tennyson, resetting in the pure gold of a most 
individual style the brilliants of many a word-jeweller 
dead and gone. What Mr Henley appropriates is a 
mode of utterance, rather than phrase or thought ; yet 
he does not imitate. When he finds prepared to his 
hand an instrument proper to express the harmony in 
his mind, he cares not who has compelled music from it 
before. He does not even care to impress upon it his 
own stamp. If the thought be truly his own, it is 
enough to reject those mannerisms of an alien style 
(yet not alien, for it will serve his turn) which would 
offer to the thought's clear presentation a^ difficulty. 
One instance is enough. The spirit of wine, as Henley 
sings it, might have been sung by I-ongfellow in his 
happiest, least moralising vein s only Longfellow would 
never have given his spirit the keys of 

that secret spiritual shrine 

Where, his work-a-day soul put by, 

Shut in with his saint of saintSf 

His radiant and conquering self 

Man worships and talks and is glad. 

The entire congruity of such a characteristic note with 
the note of the whole poem* shows — what might else 
have escaped us — how subtly yet completely that is 
moulded by the author's distinctive touch. 

Those who prefer to regard Mr Henley as the 
English apostle of "Impressionism-" must find an 
immense advance on his former work in the Song of the 

William Ernest Henley. 4 1 

Sword. A Book of Verses is by comparison quite simple. 
To re-cast language into a shape capable of giving effect 
to the most delicate nuances^ the phantom-like sugges- 
tions of a drugged imagination — towards this quite the 
largest, and, at least in my opinion, the most enjoyable 
half of his poetry makes no attempt. The truth seems 
to be, that with an entirely right feeling for word-music, 
with his full share of the artist's passion for " the exotic 
word, the moving cadence of a phrase," Mr Henley, 
still belongs to those who in execution can only not lose 
on their conception. His inspiration comes all from 
within, and in no way arises out of his material. Many 
a worse poet has been inspired by the exigency of a 
rhyme, the compulsion of an intractable phrase, till the 
rough sketch grew under his hands, as it were spon- 
taneously, into beauty. In the volume of 1892, dealing 
with deeper mysteries than the Book of Verses had 
attempted, the poet's utterance seems half-strangled by 
the difficult medium, as of a heavy choking air, through 
which it has to struggle to our ears. 

A keenly discerning eye it goes without saying that 
Mr Henley has for the externals alike of man and 
nature. Every claimant for the rank of even minor 
poet must to-day be thus equipped, or at least passably 
counterfeit such equipment. In London Voluntaries no 
less than in the sketches In Hospitaly he shows himself a 
brilliantly faultless draughtsman. There is nothings 
blurred or botched, and nothing shirked. The truthful- 
ness is as undeniable as the skill. But, for all his un- 
shrinking truthfulness, it stands out on the surface that 
Mr Henley*s tendencies are romantic rather than realist. 
He never holds his hand from painting what presents 
itself to be painted : the ugly, the terrible, the obscene. 
But when he has done, we no longer say " this is ugly, 
or terrible, or obscene " : only, " this is art." His treat- 
ment is Rembrandtesque, rather than Dutch. To bring 
into sharpest opposition the realism, say, of Maupassant, 
and the kind of realism Henley allows himself, needs 


42 William Ernest Henley. 

but to suppose an Infernohy the French and the English 
artist. It is not caricature that declares the impression 
we should obtain from Henley's would be an impression 
of colour — lurid and searing flame : from Maupassant's, 
smelly fetid and obscene. 

Out of the sordid and utter blank unloveliness of an 
Infirmary ward, Mr Henley has contrived to extract 
colour, fun, almost romance.* When he is waiting to 
"storm The thick sweet mystery of chloroform, The 
" drunken dark, the little death-in-life," or is living on 
his back in the long hours of repose a " practical night- 
" mare of life," and the " new days " pass " in endless 
. " procession ; A pageant of shadows silently, leeringly 
" wending On . . . and still on . . . still on," or when 
" dizzy, hysterical, faint " he is at last carried out from 
that " transformed back-kitchen " into the " beautiful 
" world," and " the smell of the mud . • . blows brave 
" like a breath of the sea " — ^what a strong and constant 
spirit breathes in the lines, what a delightful openness 
of soul to every influence, every suggestion of life and 
of the living 1 In trying to select from Mr Henley's 
sketch-book, one is at a stand, because everything is so 
perfect. The " brace of boys " playing at operations, 
the phthisical ploughman who tells, when you " let his 
" melancholy wander " " pretty stories Of women that 
" have wooed him Long ago " ; the " Visitor," " bearing 

• It is only fair to say that of the sketches In ffospitcU I cannot pretend 
to speak as *' one who knows " : a friend who can, gives me this among other 
criticisms. <' I like the thing, but am not very much * taken ' with it. It 
<' strikes one as having been written when time had blunted the keen edge of 
« the writer's memory. There is too little detail — one notices the little things 
'* at such a time, for in sickness everything, both pleasure and pain, is inten- 
'* sified. For a poem there is not enough of the writer's own feelings — a sick 
'* man is somewhat apt to be confidential. And then he doesn't seem to get 
«( keen on medical * shop * or to talk of his ailments, or to gradually sink from 
" pity to somewhat callous curiosity about each new case. The descriptions 
** of the nurses and the scrubber, the house«surgeon, and the night after the 

*' operation, are good.*' "He seems to me to have missed the 

«* intensity of the first few days." 

William Ernesl Henley. 43 

" a sheaf of tracts, a bag of buns, A wee old maid that 
" sweeps the Bridegroom's way," and that unsurpassed 
festival of New Year's Eve when " Kate the scrubber " 
(forty summers, stout but sportive) treads a measure to 
the music of the " Wind that Shakes the Barley," from 
a penny whistle "tickled by artistic fingers"; the 
patients, for once forgetful of mangled limbs or cruel 
diseases, "brisk and cheerful Are encouraging the 
dancer. And applauding the musician." The gas burns 
dimly in an atmosphere of " many ardent smokers " : 
" full of shadow lurch the comers, and the doctor peeps 
" and passes." Hogarth's pencil could have drawn 
nothing more instinct with life : nothing, certainly, half 
so genial. 

When Mr Henley has done with the darker hues, the 
harsher outlines, his appreciation of what is fresh and 
vivid and youthful takes us right back to Chaucer in its 
joyous naiveU. 

Once indeed the poet gives way to a mood of 
despair. Life may be a brilliant game : it is not for him 
to play it. He is broken at last. He would barter 
every hope for release from imminent pain. Yet 
although a darkness that may be felt possesses his 
heart, he cannot but mark how 

out in the bay a bugle 
is lilting a gallant song. 

The clouds are racing eastward, 

The blithe wind cannot rest, 
And a shard on the shingle flashes 

Like the soul of a shining jest. 

For the most part, Mr Henley's Echoes are " all the joy 
*' of life." His verse has in it an elemental rapture. 
" Cloud-shadow and scudding sun-burst," " the look of 
" leaves a-twinkle with windlets clear and still," wood- 
lands and meadows "o'erblown with sunny shadows 
** o'ersped with winds at play " : of such stuff are his 
dreams made. 

44 Wtlltam Ernest Henley. 

He has something of the spirit of the old-world poets 
who loved so dearly the play of sun-light on flashing 
armour, the swift thrust and parry of swords in green 
wood or tapestried chamber. He would give but little 
for your friendship if it is only with moderate pleasure 

in the silver dusk yoa hear, 
Reverberated from crag and scar, 
Bold bugles blowing points of war. 

All that is weird, remote, with mystery fraught, has no 
less fascination for him than the colours of romance, the 
joyous freshness of Spring and youthful Love. 

He hears ever a voice "calling until you cannot 
stay " 

Out of the sound of ebb and flow. 

Out of the sight of lamp and star, 
It calls you where the good winds blow, 

And the unchanging meadows are : 
From faded hopes and hopes agleam. 

It calls you, calls you night and day 
Beyond the dark into the dream 
Over the hills and far away. 

His soul goes out as on a quest to 

The still strange land, unvexed of sun or stars^ 
Where Lancelot rides clanking thro' the haze. 

Something might be said of his experiments with the 
ballade and the rondeau — not merely pretty toying with 
an exotic muse, pleasant jingling of vers-de-socieU^ but, 
sometimes it would seem, a veritable avatar — in the 
Puritan's own land — of Francis Villon the old-French 
lover, scholar, house-breaker, poet, ardent and life- 
loving as ever, but with morals considerably improved. 
Nor should the saga-like fury of the Song of the Sword 
go altogether unmentioned. It is enough, however, 
merely to note how a strong personality and a clear 
artistic vision make themselves felt almost equally 
everywhere in these so rich and various activities. 

William Ernest Henley. 45 

__. _ Of Mr Henley's prose it need not be said 

His Prose, , .,,. 

that It IS vigorous, brilliant, versatile. As a 
critic he is as unlike Andrew Lang as he is unlike 
Mathew Arnold. He never plays with a subject, con- 
triving to get infinite amusement out of it by the way, 
and yet leaving his readers with a clearer opinion or 
wider knowledge at the end. Nor does he make the 
merits or demerits of the reviewed a text from which to 
read us a homily on faults of national temper or limits 
of human capacity. The most salient feature of his 
method is the unswerving steadiness with which it keeps 
the end in view. A critic's function is to estimate, to 
weigh, to find for the thing criticised its relative place. 
For anything that has no direct bearing on that, Mr 
Henley cares nothing. In spite of its business-like air, 
his prose is full of good things. There is his advice to 
the essayist "in default of wisdom ... to have no 
scruples about using whatever common sense is his " : 
his praise of Addison's essays as proving "that 'tis 
possible to be eloquent without adjectives and elegant 
without aflFectation." There is his description of our 
attitude to literature: "M. Guy de Maupassant can 
write but hath a devil, and we take him not because of 
his writing but because of his devil ; and Blank and 
Dash and So-and-So and the rest could no more than 
so many sheep develop a single symptom of possess- 
ion among them, and we take them because a devil 
and they are incompatibles. And art is short and 
time is long ; and we care nothing for art and almost 
as much for time." Perhaps Mr Henley's pedestrian 
muse is most delightful with " her work-a-day soul put 
by " : when criticism is a superfluity, and sympathy 
everything. He is in his very best and brightest mood 
when he comes down from the tribunal and speaks to us 
frankly and pleasantly of his own feelings : of how in 
reading the prose version of the Odyssey he has "a 
breath of the clear, serene airs that blew through the 
antique Hellas." Or he sends us back once more. 

46 IVtltiam Ernesi Henley. 

with his eulogy brilliant almost as the very master-piece 
he praises, to the furnisher-forth of our childhood's 
whole imaginings, that haschish-made-words, as he 
quaintly calls it, the book of the Thousand Nights and 
a Night. We wonder that it is so long since we last 
took our pleasure in that " voluptuous farce, masque and 
anti-masque of wantonness and stratagem, of wine- 
cups and jewels and fine raiment, of gaudy nights and 
amorous days, of careless husbands and adventurous 
wives, of innocent fathers and rebel daughters and 

lovers happy or befooled There," he reminds 

us, " the night is musical with happy laughter and the 
sound of lutes and voices ; it is seductive with the 
clink of goblets and the odour of perfumes: not a 
shadow but has its secrets, or jovial or amorous or 
terrible : here falls a head, and there you may note 
the contrapuntal effect of the bastinado. But the 
blood is quickly hidden with flowers, the bruises are 
tired over with cloth-of-gold, and the jolly pageant 
sweeps on." 

Henley the poet, Henley the dramatist, 
Henley the critic, are only the varied mani- 
festations of a far greater force than any or all of them. 
I mean, of course, Henley the man. Admirable as his 
literary gifts are, it is the personality underlying them 
that calls forth most genuine and hearty enthusiasm. 
One feels that the most abiding and truest qualities of 
his work are qualities of heart rather than of intellect. 
There is a refreshing wholesomeness in his nature. He 
has looked life in the eyes, and has seen in them both 
the terror and the charm. He has borne his share of 
pleasure and pain, and he looks back on each with 
kindly tolerance. He knows that salutary truth — to-day 
so often forgotten — that to be a good artist it needs first 
to be a good man. And, with no smug Pharisaism but 
in true nobility of soul, he can never feel grateful enough 
for the boon of being born, first a man, and then an 
artist. One might say of him what has been said so 

William Ernest Henley. 4 7 

well of Montaigne: "Merely to live, merely to muse 
over this spectacle of the world, simply to feel, even if 
the thing felt be agony, and to reflect on the pain, and 
on how it may best be borne — this is enough for 

Mr Henley marks in a special degree the reaction 
from the melancholy temperament diffused through 
English thought in the generation that has just passed 
away. Increased knowledge seemed to have brought 
with it only bitterness. The old faiths and the old ideals 
were gone, and with them seemed to go all the meaning 
of life. The more man learned of his destiny, the more 
desperate it appeared. The paroxysm of that despair 
is over, and we can listen hopefully to those who like 
Mr Henley are exhorting us to face our destiny un- 
daunted. If our life is but as the snuff of a candle that 
goes out, how much more exquisitely should we feel the 
preciousness of this short-lived boon ! If life is a 
burden, full of misery and weariness, should we not be 
thankful for the prospect of a Great Release ? He does 
not shut his eyes to the evil that exists. He does not 
take refuge in a futile common-place, that '* all things 
are working for the best." But it is, he says, at least 
the privilege of each man to make the best of his own 
lot. The hotter the fire, the brighter the martyr's 
crown ! Only this crown can not, musl not, be 
anything more than the consciousness of his own 

Mr Henley's * over-word ' is not of a kind to be pro- 
claimed from University pulpits, to find a welcome in 
country r6ctories. It is a word spoken to those who 
walk in rough places of the earth. It is meant for those 
who suffer, who labour, who fight, and its burden, like 
the song of Leo, is that whatever happens, we must 
never be afi-aid. 

Religions and policies and ideals all have their 
appointed date, but when, while mankind still continues 
to inherit this earth, and to call itself by the name of 

48 An Echo of IV. E, Henley. 

Man, will there cease to be force in this man's message, 
that is so simple and so true ? 

Out of the night that covers me, 

Black as the pit from pole to pole, 
I thank whatever Gods may be 
For my unconquerable soul. 

« « « « « 

Beyond this place of wrath and tears 
Looms but the Horror of the shade. 

And yet the menace of the years 
Finds and shall find me unafraid. 

It matters not how strait the gate, 

How charged with punishments the scroll, 

I am the master of my fate : 
I am the captain of my soul. 

J. A. N. 


The nightingale has a lyre of gold, 

The lark's is a clarion call, 
And the blackbird plays but a box-wood flute. 

But I love him best of all. 

For his song is all of the joy of life, 
And we in the mad spring weather, 

We two have listened till he sang, 

Our hearts and lips together. W. E. H. 

The glow-worm has a shining face, 

The bee has a shining ball. 
The grasshopper stands on both his legs. 

But I love him best of all. 

For his chirp is all of the heat of life, 

And we, in the rainy weather, 
Have wondered much in our passion's pain 

How he puts his legs together. 

W. A. C. 


HAVE but vague recollections of the feelings 
and aspirations of this variety of my species, 
for since I myself emerged from Freshman- 
hood is a very long time. Ever so many 
years ago 1 became a Bachelor, and now have left that 
state behind me too. 

By the way, the tale of my fall may be of suflRcient 
interest to merit insertion here. 

I met Sarah for the first time, in the train, on a 
journey from Cambridge to the North. She had with 
her a littFe girl, whose face was quite the sweetest I had 
ever seen. Framed in waving golden hair, the smooth 
square forehead, the pensive blue eyes with their long 
lashes, and the tender unconscious lips struck the most 
casual beholder, and filled me with a desire to be per- 
mitted to buy sweets for the loveable little possessor of 
so many charms. This was Evelyn, Sarah's daughter, 
for Sarah was a widow. 

We had not glided many miles, when Evelyn, who 
had been looking from the window, touched her mother's 
arm with a tender caress and asked some childish ques- 
tion. With a frown, Sarah twitched her arm away and 
told the child not to bother. Evelyn shrank back, all 
her trusting nature hurt at the rebuff she had sustained 
from her ill-favoured mother. I ought to have known 
better ; I had read Calverley ; I knew that " hearts may 
" be hard though lips are coral " (besides which Sarah's 
lips are not coral), yet I then and there resolved to marry 
Sarah (if possible), in order that her poor child should 
have at least a kind step -father, who would protect her 

50 In behalf of Freshmen. 

from the harshness of her mother, evidently a selfish 
and unsympathetic woman. 

As our way led through Bletchley, there was ample 
opportunity to become known to each other; we dis- 
covered that we had mutual acquaintances — and, to be 
brief, were married a few weeks later. 

This was several years ago, and I may add that of all 
the dear kind sympathetic wives that our unworthy sex 
ever led to the altar Sarah is an easy first. The happy 
economy of my household contains only one flaw, the 
serenity of our lives is only marred by one cloud — 
the incorrigible pertness of that odious little Evelyn. 

She is perpetually 'showing off' her precocity and 
continually asking ridiculous questions. Wherever we 
three go, or if there are a hundred in the party, Evelyn 
imagines that she is the only important personage there 
and that the rest are hired for her amusement. No one 
has a chance of ignoring her if she is within a hundred 
yards. She interrupts the most interesting teie-d-iiie 
with her imperative interrogatories, and has incurred 
the enmity of every mother of daughters of our acquaint- 
ance. If we are driving (sayj to Windsor, not a house 
do we pass, not a chimney do we sight, but we have to 
answer the question, * Is that Windsor ?' When she was 
up here once, in the May week, she aked no less than 
five times in two days if the Lady Margaret Boathouse 
was King's College Chapel. 

In this kind of behaviour did she persist, in spite of 
all our representations and persuasions. I endured the 
trial for many months. Then, one day, I took her out in 
a boat, ostensibly for a row (pronounced roe). There 
was a half-hundred weight and a coil of cord in the 
stern. I rowed to the very middle of Putney reach and 
there rested on the full tide. " Evelyn," I said, panting 
from my exertions, "just out there, about two yards 
from us, you will see a tiny stickle-back scarcely 
bigger than the needle of my pocket compass. Do 
you imagine that that stickle-back knows where he is i 

In behalf of Freshmen, 5 1 

/ will guarantee that he has never known where he was 
since he was hatched. Consider that the tide changes 
everything, twice every day. Land-marks are things 
unknown to him ; small irregularities are utterly 
evanescent and his eye cannot distinguish large ones. 
He probably doesn't know the difiference between 
Craven Steps and Chiswick Eyot; Gravesend and 
Sirius are for him equi-distant ; nay, it is quite possible 
that he is so ignorant as not to know even that he is a 
stickle-back. He only knows that he exists ; he can't 
tell why ; and yet do you deny that he is happy ? See 
him making ripples, all by himself, with his very 
own nose ! " I was just coming to the moral of my 
whole discourse, moreover my heart was rapidly 
softening within me, when she slowly turned upon me 
those wide enquiring eyes and asked, "Pa, has a 

stickle-back got a liver ? " 


I suppose that to ask questions is a sign of civilisa- 
tion. A friend of mine tells me that the sentence in- 
dicative was invented some months before the sentence 
interrogative. He often wants to tell me lots of other 
things on the same subject, but I won't let him. If the 
books are wrong, it is not worth while going wrong with 
them. Elementary facts are all I want. I can construct 
my own theories. Man, then, first of all made remarks* ; 
then he issued commands ; then perhaps he asked easy 
questions about common objects ; then he invented the 
subjunctive mood ; then he propounded subtle questions 
about interiors, such as Evelyn's concerning the stickle- 
back's liver ; and now in the age of Greece and New 
Zealand we have got into the habit of 

Searching an infinite Where, 

Probing a bottomless When, 
Dreamfully wandering, 
Ceaselessly pondering, 

What is the Wherefore of men. 

* Now it is rude to make remarks. Once it was man's only lingual 
attainment. Qua/uerint artes^ vitia sunt. 

51 In behalf of Freshmen. 

May I confess my ignorance on one point ? For 
everyone there is one thing unknown, and what I don't 
know is, at what stage of his existence man invented 

I think it the very height of egotism for a man to ask 
himself questions all about himself. I knew one who 
was always wanting to know whether he was happy or 
not. In the midst of a ravishing waltz, he would stop 
dead, with one foot on that of his partner and the other 
on her train, struck rigid by this doubt. At least he did 
this once. He may have been happy just before, but 
he wasn't after. 

I once woke up this man of whom I am speaking 
and asked him if he was asleep. I forget what he said, 
but it is not a great pity, as the Editors wouldn't pub- 
lish it. 

He was in many ways a strange man. A very 
funny thing happened to him while he was a Fresh- 

And that brings me back to the subject in hand. I 

trust ( y^ old joke . . . ArtemusWard ( y* 

Freshman .... St Mary's surplice, gown, 

tall hat, umbrella and gloves ( )** not half a bad 

sort and should be encouraged. 

G. G. D. 

[We have been compelled to cut out considerable portions of 
the last thirty folios of this article. We have roughly indicated 
the length of each lacuna, by means of dots and algebraical 
symbols. — Edd."] 


O, the fairies' song ! the fairies* song ! 
Somewhere 'tis ringing the whole night long I 
Where the far lines stretch by the starlit way, 
Like airy Blondins, we play, we play : 
And a song resounds from our elfin choirs 
That throbs and sobs on the pulsing wires, 
A song of joy and a song of sorrow, 
A song that shall ring in men's hearts to-morrow. 

O, the fairies' song ! the fairies' song ! 
Somewhere 'tis ringing the whole night long! 
Where in the moonlight, hand in hand, 
A youth and a maiden lingering stand : 
Though earth is white and the skies are bare, 
They reck not, they feel not the piercing air, 
They are wrapt in bliss while the round world rolls ; 
Our fairy singing has filled their souls ! 

0, the fairies' song ! the fairies' song ! 

Somewhere 'tis ringing the whole night long ! 

Where the mother watches her slumbering boy 

And his face grows light with an inward joy : 

Where alone, in a chamber cold and mean. 

The old man dreams of the days that have been : 

Where the meek of the earth, who have kissed the rod. 

Dream of the rest of the sons of God — 

Be sure in the midnight watches long 

We fairies are singing our sweet, sweet song ! 

G. C. M. S. 


Words by R. E. FORSTER. 

Solo. _ . 


Music by 0, (?. LEFT W ICE, 



Lads in Bed, come raise a choras, La - dy Margaret men are 











-p — p- 


woi See the flag that's floating o'er us, read the motto "Si je 






^ r 




OE nZ '-=E E 

— "-^ r 







pais/' It's a gold - en rule of rowing, true since rowing firat be- 



— .i 











gan, ev'ry race we must mean going, aye, and winning if we 




If we can, if we can, if we can, we'll row for La • dy 






wemprt hen mareato. 



. . .* 

Ped. - 



Marg'ret ev-'ry man, though we can-not all a - spire to 


set the Cam on fire, yet we'll get the boat np higher, if we can 1 




^ '-^ 


?XD VKiurK. 
Bo w»»'ll work together facing 

Ptltin^ rain or burning gun : 
II'm not only in t)ie racing 

That ft place Is lost and won : 
Stick to ]Tdctice, stick to training 

R'y<ilulely. every man : 
W lile there*B aaght to do remaining 

We tnuat do it if we can ! 
ChoruB. If we can I If we can I If we can I 
Then row for Lady Margaret every 

man 1 
Never mind about the weather I 
Watch the time and swing and 

fcatlter ! 
And we'll get the boat togctlier 
If we can I 

Srd Verse. 
Then when scarlet blades are flasliing 

As the good sliip gntluTs pace, 
And the rattle's hmdly crashing 

At the crisis of the race. 
Though whoe'er you jileaae ahead bo 

Follow out this simple iilan : 
Let the motto of the lied bo 

" We will bump them if we can I '• 

Choru$. If we can 1 If wo can I If we can I 
Then row for Lady Margaret every 

man ! 
And tog»>ther raise the chonis, 
We'll let no one triumph o'er us, 
But we'll bump tho bout before ua 
if wc can 1 


I HE question before us this evening is an 
absurdly simple one. Why do we talk? 
Why, because — because we've got something 
to say. Very good, but what gives us some- 
thing to say? Suppose I am going along the street 
and I meet Bill — good old Bill, you know — just opposite 
a pub. What do I say ? I say " 'ere Bill, coam and have 
a drink, mate ! " How do I know that Bill will say " Not 
for me, mate, I signed the pledge night afore last," or 
perhaps walk into the pub. and expect a pint of 'arf and 
'arf ? If I made a mistake and instead of Bill it was a 
Frenchman who didn't know any English, he wouldn't 
stop, and yet he would hear just the same sounds as 

Perhaps after all the first question is not why do we 
talk at all, but why do we talk differently. I remember 
once reading a book about the adventures of a boy in 
America who ran away from home with a nigger called 
Jim. Jim was a slave, and they were very much afraid 
of being caught, so they made a raft of logs and floated 
down a great river on it, lying hidden all day. Well, 
Jim being a nigger and a slave, hadn't been taught 
much, and Huck, that was the boy, wasn't much wiser ; 
but one day he thought he would show off, and he said 
" Jim, what would you say if a man said to you * Polly 
voo franzy ?' " " Say," said Jim, " I would'nt say any- 
thing — I'd knock him down, I wouldn't let no man call 
me that." " But he wouldn't be calling you anything, 

• This paper was found among the late Mr Darbishire's MSS by Dr 
Sandys ; it is probably the draft of an address given to working men during 
the time of Mr Darbishire's residence at University Hall, and is here printed 
as one of his lighter contributions to the popularisation of Comparative 

Why we Talk, 57 

said Huck, " he would be saying * Can you speak French ?' " 
"Well, why don't he say it then ?" said Jim. "He is 
saying it," said Huck, " that's his way of saying it." 
"A blame foolish way of saying it/' says Jim, "Now 
look here," says Huck, "haven't cats got their own way 
of talking, and cows have their way, and dogs have 
their way, and we can't understand them : why shouldn't 
Frenchmen have their own way ? " " Now look here, 
Huck," says Jim, " is a cat a man ? " " No i" "Well is a 
dog a man or is a dog a cat or is either of them a 
cow?" "No." "Ain't a Frenchman a man?" "Yes." 
"Well then, what I say is, why don't he ^Iklike a 
man ? " 

After all isn't it rather strange that if you kick a cat 
across the street here in London it will say Afee-a-ow, 
and if you do the same to a French cat in Paris it will 
use just the same language ; while on the other hand if 
you tramp on an Englishman's foot, he will use a very 
short word indeed, which I am afraid I mustn't mention ; 
but if you tramp on a German's foot he will say "Himmel- 
perhaps something longer still. 

Or, again, here's a loaf of bread. It is the same loaf 
•whoever looks at it. It has the same size, the same 
colour, the same weight, the same smell, and the same 
taste, and /call it a loaf and a Frenchman calls it some- 
thing quite diflFerent. Why shouldn't everybody call 
the same thing by the same name ? Supposing you 
travelled more than 2,000 miles right over to America, 
you would find the people there calling it a loaf of bread, 
and yet, if you only went about 100 miles over to Calais, 
nobody would understand you. You may say that the 
Americans are really English, and are the same race as 
we are, while Frenchmen are like Red Indians or 
niggers, and so naturally talk differently, but this is not 
so. Frenchmen and Germans and Italians and Greeks 
and even Hindoos are all descendants of the same 
people as ourselves. 


58 IVAy w^ Talk. 

Now this people lived hundreds and thousands of 
years before history begins. They lived on the shores 
of the Baltic Sea about half way between Berlin and 
St Petersburg. That part of Europe was then covered 
with big forests of firs and oaks and beeches, and our 
ancestors lived partly on beechnuts and acorns, and 
partly on milking their cows, and partly by farming in 
a very rudimentary fashion. They had cows and dogs 
and perhaps some poultry, but they had no horses 
or sheep or cats. They don't seem to have had very 
many clothes among them, but they were fairly sensible 
people and had family life. They were able to count 
up to twelve, and very likely up to a hundred, and you 
must know that there are some tribes on the earth to- 
day who can only count up to fmo. 

Well, one fine day these forefathers of ours had got 
over-populated. There wasn't enough to eat. Beech- 
nuts and acorns were so dear that they had to be 
counted, while as for milk, it was only the swells who 
could afford to drink it. So a lot of the young and 
strong people thought it would be a good plan to emi- 
grate, and they did. But they didn't emigrate the way 
people do now, in a railway train and on a steamboat. 
No ! they did every yard of it on their own feet. So 
they wandered all across Russia and then into Asia and 
half across that until finally they settled in India. Well, 
after this lot had gone off, things looked better at home 
for a while, but after a time they got just as bad again, 
so another lot started to emigrate. They did not follow 
the same course, but made their way down into Greece 
and Italy and Spain, and some of them crossed France 
and settled in these islands. After these came another 
lot who spread over Germany and Denmark and Hol- 
land, and then crossed over here and drove the first 
comers over to Ireland and Wales and up to Scotland. 
So you see the French and Germans and Italians and 
even Hindoos are all our cousins just the same as the 

WAy we Talk. 59 

Well, if that's so, why don't they talk the same ? 

Suppose we think of the first lot of emigrants who 
set off — naturally they hadn't many words to take with 
them, for they hadn't very many ideas, and words and 
ideas always go together. However, they took all they 
could, unless they left some behind in the hurry of 
packing. Now think of all the new ideas they would 
get while on their travels. They started from a cold 
sort of forest where there was nothing but trees and 
rocks and sparrows and squirrels on the seashore of a 
very drfeary sea, and then they first had to cross Russia 
where they might travel for days and days and never 
see a tree of any kind, and then over Asia where they 
would get nearly burnt up in the deserts, and finally 
came to India with its warm sun and magnificent trees 
and palms and cocoanuts, with tigers and snakes in the 
jungles and crocodiles in the rivers. What a lot of 
things they would have to find names for ! Just think 
of the first one who strolled down to the river for a 
bucket of water and met a crocodile for the first time. 
What would he call it ? He probably had never seen 
anything more like a crocodile than a lobster. Well of 
course he wouldn't stop to call it anything, he would 
drop his bucket and run for his life. But when he got 
home and his wife asked him where the water was and 
what he'd done with the bucket, he couldn't very well 
say he had run away from a lobster. 

Well, that is one way that languages change. People 
come across new things and have to find new names for 
them. Another way is that children are always being 
bom, and no child talks exacthy the same as its parents. 
The diflFerence is not enough to notice, but after a 
hundred generations it soon mounts up. 

Now that's how it comes that people don't all talk 
the same, but why do they talk at all ? 

What is talking ? Any one can do it, but how is it 
done ? Most people think it is with our tongues, and 
certainly the tongue has a good deal to do with it; 

6o Why we Talk. 

but people have had their tongues cut out and yet been 
able to talk very respectably. I daresay most of you 
have felt that hard lump in your throats which is called 
Adam's apple, because it is much more noticeable in 
men than in women, and so people used to say that Eve 
swallowed the piece of apple she took, but Adam hadn't 
time, and so it stayed in his throat. Now that hard 
lump forms a kind of little box just at the top of the 
wind-pipe by which the air comes from the lungs, and, 
when we like, we can draw two little elastic pieces of 
skin over it so as to put a lid on the box and prevent 
the air getting through — (cough). When we want to 
talk or sing we don't shut it quite, but leave a narrow 
slit and stretch the edges tight, so that when the air 
pushes through them they make a musical note. When 
people sing they change this note, but, when speaking, 
it is pretty much the same and more gentle. Then it 
becomes «, ^, «', Oy u according to the shape of the mouth 
and the height of the tongue. 

Quite another kind of sound is made by stepping 
your breath and letting it out with a rush, /, i, or by 
forcing it through a very narrow passage j, th. Some 
languages have tuts and clicks — (kissing). 

Of course our tongue does most of the work in 
changing from one sound to another, so it is not sur- 
prising to learn that it is a very strong member. It is 
made up of bundles of little muscles which end to end 
would stretch two miles, and if they all pulled together 
could lift half a hundredweight. Fancy lifting half a 
sack of coals with our tongues ! It is no wonder some 
people can talk so long without being tired. 

• **««« 

Well now, I've been trying very hard to tell you all 
I know about why we talk, and I am afraid we are not 
any nearer it. It is much easier to explain hozv a man 
says ' cat' than it is to explain why he says it. And as 
for the question why we talk at all, I'm afraid I shall 
have to give it up, and ask some of you to tell me. 

H. D. D. 


|E are indebted to the proprietors of the 
lllcs/fmmVer Gazette for permission to re- 
produce the above engraving of the room 
occupied by Wordsworth from 1787 to 1791, 
and recently demolished in the alterations made to 
the Kitchen. The engraving, which is after a sketch 
taken by MrR. Lofts, Clerk of the Kiichen, was sent to 
the Westminster Gazette by Mr H. D. Rawnsley, of 
Crosthwaite, and gives a very good idea of the general 
arrangements of the room (ist Court, F 2*). 

The door on the left is that by which the rooms were 
entered from the staircase. The little window on the 
left is that by which light was admitted into the 
* dark cupboard,' which formed the poet's bedroom. 
Nearer us on this side (though not shown in the sketch) 
was the door of the bedroom, to which the poet drew 
his bed in order to see the *top of the window' in 
Trinity College Chapel, below which stands the Newton 
statue {Prelude HI). The door facing us in the 
sketch is that of the gyp-room. The fireplace was on the 
right on this side of the window. This window, which now 

• For proof that this was Wordsworth's room see EagU xvi, 429-30. 

62 To an IdeaU 

lights the Kitchen, has been filled by two of the Fellows 
of the College with stained glass bearing the inscrip- 
tion : 
William Wordsworth My abiding-place, 

1787— 1 79 1 a nook obscure 

The Prelude 

As the floor and side wall of the room have been re- 
moved in order to throw its space into the Kitchen, this 
memorial window can now be seen high up on the left 
hand on entering from the screens. The outline and 
stone mouldings of the fire-place were preserved when 
the outer wall was refaced, and are still visible. 


Sweet o'er the flowerets 

Stealeth the dew, 
Kissing and giving them 

Beauty anew. 

Sweetly the sun arrays 

All things in light, 
Bringing the welcome day 

After the night. 

Sweet to the mariner, 

Tossed on the foam, 
Is the far haven seen 

Telling of home. 

But sweeter far, I ween. 

Sweeter to me. 
Loving and loved to rest 

Once more with thee. 

L. H. S. 

Charlss Edmund HasIuKs M.A. 
Bom 13th January 1849, died 24th October 1893. 

The University, and St John's College in particular, have 
lost an active and efficient member by the death of Mr Charles 
Edmund Haskins. Cambridge exacts much important and 
gratuitous labour from her resident sons, and without such 
Idbour the Academic machine would not be kept going. In this 
work Mr Haskins cheerfully bore his share, and that he served 
the University well, especially on the Classical Board and the 
Local Examinations Syndicate, will, I feel sure, be acknow- 
ledged by his former colleagues. Eminently fair and open- 
minded, though sturdy in maintaining his own opinions, never 
seeking to evade direct issues or shirk difficulties, he was ever a 
helpful member of deliberative bodies. As Examiner — a duty 
often discharged by him, particularly in the Classical Tripos — 
I have always heard colleagues speak of him with the highest 
respect, and my own experience fully agrees with theirs. For 
arriving quickly at a just decision, and for allowing due weight 
to the opinions of others, I never knew his superior. He has 
been truthfully described as a good man to work with- 

As College Lecturer he was a vigorous, bright, and successful 
teacher. I once had as Tripos Examiner to sit with others in 
judgment on a special part of the work of which he had charge 
as teacher in St John's. This was the History paper in Part I,, 
and the high standard attained by the Johnian candidates was 
commented on by more than one Examiner. No wonder, for 
their teacher threw his heart into his work, and had them con- 
stantly in his thoughts. 

As an ordinary College Fellow, and in private life, he was a 
fine specimen of genial vehemence, of unaffected loyalty and 
honour. He often said more than he meant, particularly when 
speaking against this or that. Then those who knew him would 

64 Obituary. 

smile, well knowing that bitterness formed no part of his simple 
and generous nature. But he was liable to be misunderstood by 
strangers. Who is not, more or less ? 

He was born at Exbury in Hampshire, the son cf a country 
clergyman, who moved afterwards into Nottinghamshire and 
finally to the living of Stow-in-Lindsey in the county of Lincoln. 
From Haileybury (where he was, I believe, the first Head boy of 
the school) he came up to St John's in October 1867, with an 
Open Exhibition gained the preceding Easter. In 1868 he 
was bracketed for the Bell Scholarships with Appleton and 
Kirkpatrick of Trinity. In 1870 he was elected to a Foundation 
Scholarship in St. John's. In 1871 he was Third Classic. In 
1872 he was elected Fellow of his College. For a time he took 
private pupils, and he was for about two years a master at 
Bedford School. In 1 874 he came back into residence, and in 
1875 was appointed Classical Lecturer. In this ofiice he did his 
duty till four days before his death. In 1882 he went under the 
new Statutes and married. 

It is to be lamented that a man of so much energy and 
ability, so thoroughly a 'Mive man," as the Americans say, 
should have left no sufficient literary evidence of his powers. 
His work on Liican was hurried over too fast to do him full 
justice ; and he was never fond of appearing in print. In this 
respect he was much what he always promised to be as an under- 
graduate. He was more ready to give valuable help to others 
than to push himself. 

If it be true — and to a very great extent it is true — ^that you 
may judge a man by the company he keeps, Mr Haskins was in 
his undergraduate days well able to stand the test. He knew 
men of all sorts, as a sensible man should ; but his intimate 
friends were a picked body of men. and he wisely saw a great 
deal of them. Two great merits bound them to him ; he always 
contributed largely to the flavour and freshness of any social 
gathering, and he was perfectly free from jealousy of any kind. 
We all know the vivacious and well-informed man whose 
social function is apparently rather to silence than to stimulate 
others. This is just what Mr Haskins was not. No one was 
better pleased than he when his remarks were capped or 
corrected, not that this was often an easy thing to do. His in- 
formation on many subjects was marvellously wide and accurate. 
In travel and geographical discovery he was always deeply in* 

Obituary. 65 

terested. The geographical distribution of plants and animals, 
their history and habits, the early history of mankind, the con- 
dition of primitive races, were all matters which he studied in a 
spirit not that of a dilettante reader. He absorbed great masses 
of detail in very short time, and it was striking to note how he 
brought to bear on a new book the stores of a singularly faith- 
ful memory. Hence it came that he approached the classical 
writers of Greece and Rome in a larger spirit than some of us ; 
and this was true of him to the end. 

He travelled a great deal in Europe. Norway and Sweden 
were his favourite countries. He also reached the Faroe 
Islands in the North, the Canaries in the South, and California 
in the West. He was a great fisherman, and keenly alive to the 
sights and sounds of wild life. 

It is hard to describe in staid and measured terms the life 
and character of an old and true friend whom you have known^ 
often disagreeing never quarrelling, for more than five and 
twenty years. I only hope I have not written too coldly. This 
is not the place for lifting the veil from a happy domestic life 
broken by an early death, or for showing a good man dying 
bravely, thinking of and for others to the last. If, besides 
justifying the words with which I began above, I succeed in 
rendering a sober tribute to the memory of the dead, a tribute 
in which others may join, it is enough. 

The above notice was contributed by request to the Cam" 
bridge Review of 2nd November 1893. It has met with such 
authoritative approval from those best able to judge in the 
matter, that I send it bodily to the Eagle, I know well that I 
might have said much more. I might for instance have de- 
scribed my friend in his garden, the place where he was more at 
home, more happy, more himself, than perhaps in any other. 
There he got healthy exercise working at an occupation after 
his own heart. He knew and loved every plant, not least his 
roses: the botanical status and history of his plants as living 
things were familiar to him ; and as one walked round with him 
one felt in the presence of something that may be called 
immediate sympathy with the vegetable world. He was remark- 
ably tender with wild animals, and would tolerate anything if 
they would only not harm his plants. I never knew a man who 
regarded the so-called Mower' creatures with less of human 

66 Obituary, 

self-satisfaction and pride. He often made me think of SCr 
Courthope's lines in the * Paradise of Birds ' : 

Books he shall read in hill and tree ; 

The flowers his weather shall portend, 
The birds his moralists shall be; 

And everything his friend. 

For he had indeed much in common with the subject of those 
lines, Gilbert White. In our hard and formal Academic life he 
represented an element none too plentiful: and that life is 
distinctly the poorer in his loss. 

W. E. Heitlahd. 

Mr Graves writes to us : "I have known Haskins well since 
his undergraduate days, and can bear the warmest testimony to 
his sterling worth. A more thoroughly kindly and honourable 
man 1 have never known. Only one thing he hated — hypocrisy 
or humbug of any kind. But this is not the place to speak of 
his private life. We have been brother- lecturers for eighteen 
years, and a better colleague than Haskins no man could hope 
for. Entirely in earnest about his own work, he was singularly 
loyal and unselfish, never putting forward his own interests, 
always ready to postpone his own convenience, always at hand 
with some suggestion prompted by clear common sense. As 
Senior Examiner for the Classical Tripos he was at his best. 
There his admirable scholarship, his unvarying fairness and 
sense of justice, his punctuality and business-like qualities, 
combined with unfailing patience and forbearance towards all 
who acted with him, smoothed many a rough place, and made it 
a pleasure to serve with such a chairman.*' 

("An Obituary of Mr Haskins which appeared in the Canh- 
bridge Chronicle reminds us that it was he who presented to the 
College the portrait of Lord Palmerston in the College Hall, 
which was copied in water-colours by Miss A. F. Hole from the 
oil-painting at the Reform Club. It is also stated that it was 
owing mainly to Mr Haskins' repeated representations that the 
Undergraduates' Guest-table was established.] 

Obituary. 67 

Herbert Dukinfield Darbishire M.A. 

Nearly thirty years have elapsed since the last occasion on 
which one of our Fellows died within the walls of the College. 
Our Senior Fellow, Archdeacon France, died in his College 
rooms in 1 864, and now we have to lament the loss of one of 
the youngest members of the Society. Mr Herbert Dukinfield 
Darbishire died in College on Tuesday July 18, at the early age of 
thirty, only a few days after coming into residence for the Long 
Vacation with a view to giving a course of lectures on Com- 
parative Philology. He had recently gone to Hunstanton for a 
change of air, and during his absence he caught a chill which 
was followed by an attack of pleurisy. He was, however, 
recovering from this, when a sudden and unexpected hsemor- 
rhage from the lungs took place, and he died in a few minutes. 
Dr MacAiister, who had attended him in his illness, was alone 
with him at the time of his decease. 

Mr Darbishire was born at Belfast, and received his early 
education at the Royal Academical Institution in that city. He 
afterwards entered the Queen's College, Belfast, where his career 
began in 1 880 by his winning the Sullivan Scholarship, and ended 
1883 with his attaining a Senior Scholarship in Greek, Latin, 
and Ancient History. In the same year he obtained a first class 
with honours in Classics in the examination for the degree of 
B.A. in the Royal University of Ireland. In October 1884 he 
came into residence at St John's College, Cambridge. He had 
already given proof of his proficiency in Classics at the examina- 
tion for Entrance Scholarships, but want of practice in Verse 
Composition prevented his attaining the place to which his 
general merits might well have entitled him. To the same 
cause it was due that, when he presented himself for the first 
part of the Classical Tripos at the end of his second year, he 
was placed in the second class, though in the first division of 
that class. Two years afterwards, in 1888, he was in the first 
class of the second part of the Classical Tripos, the subjects for 
which he obtained that position being classical scholarship and 
comparative philology. ^leanwhile he had been elected to a 
Foundation Scholarship. In January 1889 he was elected to a 
McMahon law studentship, which he held for the full term of 
four years. He read for the Bar in the chambers of Mr J. G. 

68 Obituary. 

Butcher, M.P. for York. In November 1892 he was elected to 
a Fellowship and was called to the Bar shortly aftt-rwards. 

During his University course he had devoted much of his 
time to the study of Greek philosophy, but it was as a com- 
parative philologist that he showed the highest promise. 
Several of his papers were published in the Transactions of the 
Cambridge Philological Society. His ** Notes on the Spiritus 
Asper in Greek," together with some contributions to Greek 
lexicography (cVc^c£(oc e» 3e£toc, &c.), appeared in 1 890 ; and his 
paper on the Indo-European names for Fox and Wolf, in 1892. 
To the Journal of Philology he contributed an article on the 
•• Numasioi Inscription," and to the Classical Review a paper on 
"Abnormal Derivations," besides several important reviews. 
The last of these was found in an unfinished form among his 
papers, and is published in the number for October. It is 
hoped that in due time a small memorial volume may be pub- 
lished, containing about twelve of his published, or unpublished, 
papers in a collective form. Meanwhile, in accordance with 
his father's wishes, a few of his books have been presented to 
the University Library. A far larger number have been given 
to the College Library, including a considerable number of 
classical text-books, and a valuable series of works on that 
department of Comparative Philology which he had made the 
subject of special study. 

In 1891, when the . Readership of Comparative Philology at 
Cambridge was vacated by the resignation of Dr Peile, Mr 
Darbishire was urged to be a candidate for the office ; of all the 
candidates, he was the youngest, but he was acknowledged by 
competent authorities to be also one of the ablest. He had 
already begun to make his mark as a philological investigator 
and as a teacher. As a private tutor, during several Long Vaca- 
tions, he gave courses of lectures on the Elements of Com- 
parative Philology. These lectures were highly valued by those 
who had the privilege of attending them, and the same course 
was delivered at Girton College. The principal of the latter 
wrote as follows on hearing the announcement of his death : — 
•* We have seldom had a lecturer who had inspired his pupils 
with greater admiration for his methods and greater confidence 
in his knowledge ; and even those who have known him for a 
short time only, feel that they have sustained a great loss in his 

Obituary. 69 

Mr Darbishire won the affection and admiration of his 
many friends by the singular beauty of his character, and also 
by the unwavering courage and the perfect good temper with 
which he struggled against physical weakness resulting from an 
accident which befell him in early life. The brightness of his 
intellectual ability, as well as the dignity of his bearing, and the 
charming and unaffected courtesy of his manner, will long be 
remembered by all who knew him. 

In the choice of his friends he was far from restricting him- 
self to those who were interested in the same department of 
study as himself. Of those who knew him best two at least 
'were distinguished in Mathematics and in Natural Sciences. 
One of them, Mr F, F. Biackman, * first met Him at the whist- 
table, where he was a keen and brilliant player.' 'Attracted to 
him by the sparkling yet kindly wit, lodged in a frame that would 
have made a cynic of a weaker mind, 1 discovered, as an in- 
timate friend, the real beauty and fineness of his character.' 
Another, Mr R. A. Sampson, notices two points as chiefly 
characteristic of his intellectual ability. The first was a singular 
• ingenuity, that showed itself in his work, his amusements,— 
chess, puzzles, and so forth, and continually in his conversation,' 
The second was his * independence ; so strong a feature as to 
make it very difficult for his closest friends to do him any 
service.' One of his classical friends, the Rev A. L. Brown, of 
Trinity and of Selwyn, writes : — ' I knew him at Cambridge, 
and away ; the brightest spot in my memory of him is a visit paid 
a year ago in his own home. I never knew him below his best. 
One thing always struck me very forcibly about him ; and that 
was how he absolutely triumphed over his physical infirmity ; 
there never seemed to me to be any signs of a struggle or even 
any consciousness of its existence. And, moreover, his physical 
courage was considerable. 1 have been long walks with him, 
and I never knew him allow that he was tired, although in going 
up hill his lungs clearly gave him trouble. For his many-sided 
intellectual activity it was impossible to feel anything less than 

I quote the following from an appreciative tribute to Mr 
Darbishire's memory which appeared in the Athenaeum for 
July 29 : — 

"He was one of the most promising, if not the most promising, of British 
comparative philologibts, and might have been expected to found a new school. 

70 Obituary, 

His papers published in the Transactions of the Cambridge Philological 
Society and in the Classical Review display singular acumen and originality, 
together with a thorough grasp of sound scientiiic method ; his separately 
published * Notes on the Spiritus Asper in Greek ' is quite a model. Mr 
Darbishlre was also an excellent classical scholar and critic. His very attrac- 
tive character was ennobled by the modest dignity and cheerful courage witli 
which he bore serious physical disadvantages entailed by accident during 
infancy. His intellectual power and brightness, his rare charm of manner, his 
wit, and his genial mood, made him a delightful companion and he was a 
prime favourite with children," 

I append an extract from Dr Postgate's notice in the Academy 
of the same date : — 

(His dissertation entitled ** Notes on the Spiritus Asper*') "was a very 
remarkable performance ; especially noteworthy was the way in which it used 
hitherto unobserved coincidences in Greek and Armenian, (the correspond- 
ence) of the spiritus lenis to Armenian g, and of the spiritus asper to Arme- 
nian V, to distinguish two different w*s in the parent language. All his con- 
tributions to the Classical Review, and other learned publications, showed the 
same acuteness of vision and freshness of treatment, 

** He was an excellent teacher; and it was a matter of some regret whea 
he left us for the Bar. though there is no question that his acumen and sub- 
tlety admirably qualified him for that profession. 

Mr Darbishire, as all his fiiends can testify, was a man of a singular modest 
and amiable character. His loss makes us sadly feel, in the words of Horace, 

* neque candidiores 
terra tulit, neque quis me sit devinctior alter.* '* 

The latest tribute to his memory is that offered by Dr Peile, 
Master of Christ's, who, in his valedictory address as Vice- 
Chancellor, spoke as follows in closing the record of the death- 
roll of the University during the past academical year : — 

" Last, aged but thirty years,- died Herbert Darbishire, Fellow of St 
John's, in whom remarkable acumen and ripe judgment were combined with 
a sweetness of nature which will long be remembered by those who knew him 

0¥ ol 6io2 ipiXovaiv &iroOvii<rKii viovj'* 

J. E. Sandys. 

With all the memories of eight years' unbroken intimacy 
with Herbert Darbishire suddenly thrown into painful relief by 
the news of his death, it is indeed a sad pleasure to pay to his 
character and life a tribute of affection and gratitude which 
have hitherto lacked expression alone. To those who knew 
and appreciated his busy life and wide interests, and they are 

Obittmry, 7 1 

many, all that I can say must seem a miserably narrow and 
meagre record, whilst to those who were not so fortunate I 
cannot hope to present any adequate idea of the man as he was. 

On Sunday, July i6, I received his last letter from Hun- 
stanton, of which he wrote as "a haunt familiar to both of us." 
The allusion is in reference to one of the characteristic acts 
of a most unselfish life, so perhaps I may be pardoned for 
its relation. One morning shortly before the Classical Tripos 
of 1888 I awoke feeling terribly out of sorts and jaded. 
Darbishire, coming in to breakfast, at once perceived my 
condition, insisted with his wonted determination that I must 
go down at once to the sea, and selected Hunstanton. He 
made every arrangement on my behalf and gave up his own 
time, just then absolutely invaluable as he was writing his 
monograph on the Spifiius Asper for Part II, in order to 
accompany me. Once there, he insisted on our keeping in 
the air, though I well knew he felt the cold severely. On the 
return journey we had to wait five weary hours at Lynn, and 
to beguile them and keep up my spirits he recited, almost 
without a break the whole time, from the stores of his 
prodigious memory. But -the above incident is only one of 
the many which I could relate of his unselfishness. In all 
my grief I cannot think of him without the recollection of 
some kindly deed rising above the sense of his loss. A heavy 
burden had been laid upon him, but he bore it without ever 
once murmuring or repining. Indeed, the physical energy 
and indomitable spirit maintained under this constant trial 
were so habitual, that what might have seemed incredible 
became familiar. In term time he was a splendid walker and 
his "grinds " extended as far as Royston, Linton, Ely, and 
Huntingdon. In the vacations he would organise boating 
and fishing expeditions — the latter of which not infrequently 
started at 3.15 a.m. and, though not always piscatorial successes, 
always proved dies nobis signandi melioribus lapillis by reason 
of his imperturbable good-humour. 

To an intellect which was singularly keen and penetrating, 
he united a breadth of mind and generosity of thought which 
were unbounded, and an intuitive perception of and con- 
sideration for the feelings of others, which won the hearts of 
all with whom he came in contact. The lesson of his life 
has not been lost. A friend, writing to his parents^ assured 

72 Obituary. 

them that "his life, though short, had not been lived in vain." 
May we not ask with Laelius Cum illo turo quis negtt actum esse 
praeclare ? 

H. J. Spenser. 

Charles Alexander Maclean Pond M.A. 

We regret to record the early death of Mr Charles Alexander 
Maclean Pond, Fellow of the College, and an ex-editor of 
the Eagle, who died in New Zealand on October 28th, having 
been attacked by Bright's disease a few months previously. 
As a boy Mr Pond obtained the Pope Scholarship, given for 
competition among all boys under thirteen who had been 
three years in a London Public Elementary School. With this 
start in life he entered the City of London School, came thence 
to St John's, obtained a First Class in both parts of the 
Classical Tripos in 1885-7, ^"^ ^^^^ years later gained the 
position of a Professor in a Colonial University. 

Shortly after his degree Mr Pond made his mark as a 
master at Liverpool College. In ^1890 he was appointed to 
the Prendergast Greek Studentship ; and in the same year was 
elected to a Fellowship at St John's. The main subjects of 
his study were Ancient History and Comparative Philology. 
As a candidate for the Studentship and Fellowship above 
mentioned, he submitted to the electors a learned and extensive 
series of papers on the Law of Inheritance at Athens and at 
Gortyn. As Prendergast Student he worked for some time in 
the University of Vienna ; and shortly after, was appointed in 
1 89 1 Professor of Classics and English at the University College 
of Auckland. He was a singularly sound scholar ; and, had 
he lived, would probably have attained a high reputation as 
an exponent of the Comparative Study of Ancient Law on 
the lines first laid down by Sir Henry Maine. 

J. E. S. 

Mr. H. F. Baker writes : " In his undergraduate days Pond 
was one of a set of good fellows among whom I remember 
Darbishire, H. J. Spenser, E. J. Rapson, F. W. Hill, Bradford, 
Widdowson, A. E. Foster, and 'Sam' Greenidge. When 
of an evening in a circle of friends Pond began to talk, 
dwelling in a pleased way on his own words to make them 

Ohiiuary, 73 

:s& accurately descriptive as possible, everyone immediately 
listened with interest; he was always stimulating, instructive, 
and original, and his physiognomy ^ave an impression of 
mental power that was irresistible. Some of his con- 
temporaries will remember the article on the *Coat of 
Arms of St John's College ' which Pond wrote for Soapsuds 
in the early part of 1890. He was very fond of singing: 
many of us will never forget the street song which he had 
learned by following the singer through the streets of London, 
and which he sang in character : " She put 'er l>asket on *er 
^ead, and gang-ed along — ." His interest in this song was 
part of his interest in all things literary: I remember how 
proud he was of his copy of In Memoriam, which he had 
annotated at the feet of Dr Abbott at the City of London School. 
In character he was generous to an extreme degree." 

Mr. C. H. Heath, who was with him in the Fifth and Sixth 
forms at the City of London School, and entered with him 
for the Scholarship Examination at St John's, writes as follows : 
'** He appeared to lack the feeling of rivalry and to be only 
eager that his friends (for I was only one of many who drew 
help and ardour from knowing him) should do their best even 
against himself. On the other side our six years of intimacy 
shewed me that every success he gained was well deserved, and 
won, at times under great disadvantages of ill-health, by a clear 
head, honest work, and great perseverance." 

Mr H. J. Spenser, who lived next to him in the * Colony,' 
writes : ** My recollections of C. A. M. Pond date back to 1884, 
when he was in his second year, and we were neighbours on 
H New Court. My first impressions of him were of a small 
man with a square powerful head, and looking very straight at 
me through large round glasses, who called and placed his 
Lares and Penates at my disposal till such time as my own 
should arrive. With Pond it was impossible to feel strange or 
reserved for more than a minute. The good nature and 
benevolence that beamed in his face impressed you at once, and 
time only seemed to deepen the impression and the confidence 
.inspired. Though his powers of sarcasm were intense, I never 
heard an ill-natured or ungenerous remark fall from his lip^. 
He was a striking example of a self-made man without a trace 
of egotism or ostentation, possessed of a large heart and gene- 
rous instincts. ' Old Pond,' as everyone called him, was the 
VOL. xvin. L 

74 Obituary, 

life and soul of a reading set, who assembled nightly for the 
discussion of tobacco and harmony in the after-dinner hoar. 
If he had not been a first class Classic there can be no doubt 
that he would have been a first rate actor, for ■ his manner of 
telling a good story, and the accompanying facial expressions, 
were unique. In particular, his knowledge of London street 
life and his reproduction of the gallery in a small suburban 
theatre — both the results of personal observation — -were most 
amusing. The deaf old man with a gallon-bottle of beer — the 
garrulous young man — and the manageress with the ever-re- 
curring expostulation *I will 'ev them dors kep' shet,' — one 
actually saw them ! And the street song which he had picked 
up when a boy, with its street singer's quavers and graces — how 
many a Johnian will remember the singer! One ludicrous 
device which he adopted to rid himself of the touts, who at that 
time pestered one to buy every imaginable article from a fancy 
waistcoat to a steel engraving, was to say that his father ' was in 
that same particular line/ I remember his telling me with 
great glee than this pious fraud had discomfited fi\% touts in 
one morning. His energy and application were remark- 
able. He read up the mathematics for the London B.A. 
in ten days — was classed in Honours, and gained the Exhibition, 
All his work was done very quietly and steadily, though at one 
time he was burning the candle at both ends with a vengeance 
— working all the morning — running, playing Lacrosse, Tennis, 
or Football in the afternoons — playing whist till lo p.m., 
and then doing another four hours' work. Whatever his hand 
found to, do he did it with all his might Others will • 
speak of his scholarships— I speak of him as a genial host, 
an ever welcome guest and a warm-hearted comrade, whose 
intense humanity and good nature will ever be gratefully re- 
membered by a wide circle of sorrowing friends." 

The Rev Leonard Blomefield M.A. 

Mr Blomefield (whose patronymic was Jenyns) was bom in 
London May 25, 1800, and died at Bath on September i last, 
in his ninety- fourth year. His father was the Rev George 
Leonard Jenyns, a Canon of Ely and a magistrate for Cam- 
bridgeshire, in which county he was a large landowner, and his 

Obituary. 75 

mother a daughter of Dr Heberden, a leading physician of that 
day, and a Fellow of St John's. After being privately educated 
at Putney he went to Eton in 18 13, where he had as school- 
fellows the Earl of Carlisle (afterwards Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland) and the famous Dr Pusey and his brother. Sir John 
Davis, the diplomatist, who died near Bristol a few years ago, 
at an advanced age, went to the same school at Putney, as also 
Professor Maiden, who filled the Greek chair in University 
College, London. From Eton Mr Blomefield came to St John's 
College in 1878, taking his degree four years later. In 18*3 he 
took orders, being ordained Deacon by Bishop Pelham of Exeter, 
in Old Marylebone Church, London, and priest a year after- 
wards in Christ's College, Cambridge, by Bishop Kaye, of Lin- 
'coln, who was then Head of that House. His first curacy was 
that of Swaffham Bulbeck, in Cambridgeshire, a parish of about 
700 in population adjoining his father's property, and the Vicar, 
who was non-resident, resigning five years afterwards, .the 
Bishop of Ely gave him the living, which he held for thirty 
years, and only resigned on account of his wife's health. This 
lady, who was the eldest daughter of the Rev A. E. Daubeny, 
Vicar of the Ampneys, Gloucestershire, brother of Dr Charles 
Daubeny, the well-known Oxford Professor, died after Mr 
Blomefield had settled in Bath in i860, and two years later he 
married the eldest daughter of the Rev Robert Hawthorn, Vicar 
of Stapleford, Cambridge, who survives him. 

His choice of the Church as a profession was the fulfilment 
of youthful ambition, and though he will be remembered rather 
as a man of science than as a student of divinity and a parish 
priest, his clerical labours extended over a third of his long life 
and were marked by the same earnestness and thoroughness 
which characterised his scientific pursuits. On the Sunday 
following his ordination, at the age of 23, he began work by 
taking two Sunday services, and he was the first resident clergy- 
man the people of his parish had ever known. Hence it is not 
surprising that he found religion to be more a matter of form 
than anything else. His work and example, however, gradually 
wrought a happy change. He enlarged the vicarage, built a 
new school house, established a Sunday school, founded village 
clubs for clothing, coals, &c., and in the church as well as out 
of it he sought to follow the ideal of George Herbert's priest to 
the people. The result of his ministrations may be summed 

76 Obituary. 

up in the testimony of his Bishop, that his parish was one of the 
best regulated in the diocese. Accordingly, when he retired, it was 
to the great sorrow of his parishioners, who showed their regard 
for him by presenting him with forty-nine handsomely bound 
volumes of Divinity. During a sojourn of a few months in the 
Isle of Wight he took occasional duty, and when he went ta 
Bath in 1850 he held for eight years the curacy of Woolley, 
then as now attached to Bathwick, of which his friend the late 
Prebendary Scarth was rector. 

But, as we have said, it is as a man of science that he will 
be remembered, and the present and future generations will 
profit by his researches and writings. Very early in life he 
was introduced to Sir Joseph Banks as 'the Eton boy who lit 
his room with gas of his own manufacture,' and as years 
advanced, and opportunities presented themselves, his devotion 
to science became more ardent. Always a careful observer, his 
researches were remarkable for their accuracy and thorough- 
rress ; no point was too minute to be overlooked, no problem 
in his domain too abstruse for solution. With his innate 
love for science, it was but natural that whilst at Cambridge 
he should take especial interest in the professorial lectures 
that treated of science in its several branches. It was here 
he came to know Professor Henslow, whose memoir he wrote 
in later years, the many-sided Whewell, Charles Darwin, 
Adam Sedgwick, Julius Hare, said by Bun sen to be the most 
learned man of the age, the accomplished Bishop Thirlwall, 
and many others more or less known to fame. Botany^- 
zoology, ornithology, and meteorology were subjects to which 
he directed his chief study, and on all these he was one of the 
greatest living authorities, and had obtained not only national 
but European fame. His two most important works in his own 
estimation were The Fishes of the Voyage of the Beagle (written 
at the earnest request of his friend Darwin), and his Manual of 
British F<?r/^3ra/^ ^«i*W(2/j, the latter published in 1836. This 
was followed in 1846 by his Observations in Natural History^ in 
1858 by his Observations in Meteorology, and in 1862 by his 
Memoir of Prof essor Henslow. In addition to the above books he 
contributed a variety of papers and short articles at different 
times to the Transactions of scientific bodies and to other peri- 
odicals. Among his later contributions were a letter to the 
Bath Chronicle on the Selborne Society, a paper read before the 

Obituary. 77 

Field Club in November 1891 on ihe Distribution and Movements 
of' Briiish Animals and Plants^ and one on the Habits of Rooks 
which he -read before the Selbome Society at the beginning of 
last year. 

He was the founder (1855) and first President of the Bath 
Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club, and the donor of 
the Jenyns Library, a munificent gift, now housed in the Royal 
Literary and Scientific Institution. This contains consider- 
ably over 2,000 volumes, mostly works on Natural History, 
his valuable, not to to say priceless, Herbarium of British 
Plants, consisting of more than forty folio volumes, besides 
others in quarto, the results of his life work in this branch of 
science. The Proceedings of the Field Club, which now fill 
several volumes, abound with papers, addresses, and other con- 
tributions from his pen. Not the least valuable are those on 
the Climate and Meteorology of Bath, 

The University of Cambridge and the Cambridge Philosophi- 
cal Society are indebted to Mr Blomefield for various bene- 
factions, especially for the collection of Fishes made by Darwin 
on the Beagle, and for a fine collection of British Bats. 

As Mr Blomefield was one of the most eminent, so he was 
the oldest, naturalist in England. As long ago as 1822 he was 
elected a member of the Linnaean Society, and had been the 
Father of the Society for many years. In November of last 
year, on attaining the seventieth anniversary of his election, "an 
event unprecedented in the annals of this or perhaps of any other 
Society," the Fellows presented him with a congratulatory address 
recording their gratification that at the advanced age of ninety- 
two he still retained a vivid interest in that branch of science of 
which during an exceptionally long career, both by precept and 
example, he had been so able an exponent. In the same year in 
which he was elected a Fellow of the Linnaean Society he joined 
the Cambridge Philosophical Society, before which body he gave 
a course of lectures — the only lectures properly so-called he ever 
delivered — more than sixty years ago. He was an original 
member of the Zoological, Entomological, and Ray Societies, 
joined the British Association in 1832, being the second j^ear 
of its existence, and the Geological Society three years later, 
and was an honorary member of various other Societies of a 
national or local character. 

78 Obituary. 

Sir Charles Peter Layard K.C.M.G. 

This distinguished Colonial Administrator died at the 
advanced age of 86, July 17, at his residence, 54 Elm Park 
Road, S.W. He was a son of Mr C. £. Layard, of the Ceylon 
Civil Service (by Barbara, daughter of Heer Gualterus Mooyart) 
and cousin of the Right Hon Sir Austen H. Layard. He was 
bom in Ceylon in 1806, entered St John's as a Pensioner 
29 January 1829, but left College in 1 830, when he was appointed 
an extra-assistant in the Colonial Secretary's Office in Ceylon. 
In 1 83 1 he became Magistrate at Jaffra, in 1832 Assistant- 
Collector at Colombo. In 1836 he married Louisa Anne, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Clement Edwards. In 1 840 he 
became District Judge of Trincomalee, and in 1851 District 
Judge at Galle. He became Government Agent for the 
Western Province of Ceylon in the same year, and subsequently 
a Member of the Legislative Council. He was created 
K.C.M.G. in 1876. His last official employment was in con- 
nexion with the Paris Exhibition in 1878, when he represented 
Ceylon. He had for some years lived in retirement, but re- 
tained to the last considerable influence in official circles. 

Francis Dixon Johnson B.A. 

One of the founders of the Lady Margaret fioat Club has 
passed away in the person of Mr F. D. Johnson of Akleyheads 
near Durham. Mr Johnson, who at the time of his death had 
almost completed his ninetieth year, was the eldest son of the 
late Mr Francis Johnson, of Akleyheads, his mother being 
before marriage Miss Hetherington, of the Hill, Burton-in- 
Lonsdale, Yorkshire, whose father at one time was President of 
the Virginia Islands in the West Indies. The Johnson family 
had large hereditary property at Virgin Gorda and Tortola, in 
the British West Indies, which became utterly valueless through 
the emancipation of the slaves. 

After completing his education at Durham School, 
Mr ^Johnson proceeded to Cambridge, and was entered 
at St John's College, graduating Senior Optime in 1827. 
Six years later he was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn. He 
chose what was then designated the Northern Circuit, since 

Obituary. 79 

divided, and now known as the Northern and North-Eastern 
Circuits. In his early days he was also a keen sportsman. 
Eventually coming into possession of the family residence and 
estates, Mr Johnson laid the wig and gown aside, and devoted 
himself to the duties of a country gentleman. He married 
Miss Greenwood, a member of a well-known Lancashire family, 
by whom he had a family, three members of which, namely 
Mr C. G. Johnson and two daughters, still survive. As a 
politician the deceased gentleman was most consistent and 
fervid in the ranks of the Conservative Party, and during the 
stormy period both prior to and immediately after the repeal of 
the Corn Laws, and again at the time of the Catholic Eman- 
cipation, Mr Johnson frequently figured in lengthy debates 
which took place in the long room now occupied as a School 
of Art in Durham. The making of the North Road at Durham 
was due in a great measure to his efforts, and thus one of the 
greatest improvements of the town will remain associated with 
his name. Mr Johnson was a philanthropist of a practical kind, 
and was a firm supporter of the Durham County Hospital to which 
only lately he gave a donation of /'soo. He was also much 
interested in and one of the original Governors of the County 
Penitentiary. He succeeded the late Dean Waddington as Chair- 
man of the Governors, and always proved himself most attentive 
to the duties of his position. In fact, after he had reached his 
eightieth year it was reported that Mr Johnson was the only 
member of the committee who had during the preceding year 
never missed a single meeting of the committee. Until a few 
years ago Mr Johnson was also senior Vice-President of the 
Durham County Agricultural Society, and invariably presided at 
the annual business meetings. Mr Johnson was a warm 
supporter of many of the Reading Rooms from time to time 
established in Durham, such as the Mechanics' Institute in 
Claypath, the Subscription Library in Saddler Street (only 
recently closed), and the Athenaeum in the Market Place, now 
a political club. It is stated that he was the possessor of a very 
valuable library, including about forty manuscript volumes of 
much historical value, and collected by his ancestors, Ihe 
Dixons. Mr Johnson was greatly attached to the National 
Church, and whenever opportunity offered never failed to prove 
himself one of the ablest of her local defenders. 

We subjoin a letter addressed to the Dutham County 

8o Obituary, 

Advertiser by Canon Kynaston, whose father was, like Mr. 
Johnson, a founder of our Boat Club, and who himself (not 
content with being Senior Classic and a Cricket ' Blue ') repre- 
sented the Lady Margaret in the University Races of 1856 and 
1857, o^ ^^ ^^^^ occasion as stroke. 

Sir, — No doubt you wiU be collecting informatioa respecting the life of 
the late F. D. Johnson Esq., of Akleyheads, and I therefore offer you the 
following : Mr Johnson was one of the twelve members of St John's College, 
Cambridge, who in 1825 founded the Lady Margaret Boat Club, and started 
the first Eight-oared boat on the Cam ; the crew of this boat consisted of— 
I, E. G. Peacock (bow), now Archdeacon Cust, Canon of Ripon ; 2, F. Checre, 
3, F. D. Johnson ; 4, C. Merivale, now Dean of Ely ; 5, R. Snow, my father ; 
6, T. Spyers ; 7, Selwyn, afterwards Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity, 
brother of the late Bishop of New Zealand and Lichfield; stroke, Hon. R. 
Le Pocr Trench, afterwards Captain in the Army ; and C. Fisher, coxswain. 
I believe that Dean Merivale and Archdeacon Cust are now the only 
survivors of that crew, which is a historic one, as having manned the first 
eight-oar on the Cam. In the summer of 1826 the Trinity men put on an 
eight oar, and the two measured their strength against each other in the 
fashon described by Dean Merivale at the University Boat Race Commemora- 
tion Dinner in 188 z thus : — '* The only idea of encounter they had was that 
each should go, as it were, casually down stream and lie in wait, one of them, 
I believe, sounding a bugle to intimate its whereabouts, when the other 
coming up would give chase. In the year 1828 most of the other colleges 
manned their eights." The brothers Selwyn (William and George] rowed 
together as 7 and 6 in the crew of 1828, but Mr Johnson was no longer one of 
the eight. 

I am. Sir, 

Yours faithfully, 

Captain of Lady Margaret Boat Club, 1856 and 1857. 
The College, Durham, Nov. 20, 1893. 

The Rev. Arthur Thomas Whitmorb Shadwell. 

It IS not every College in Cambridge which can claim to 
nave had a representative in the Oxford Boat. St John's 
Claims two, the Rev A. T. W. Shadwell, cox of the Oxford Boat 
1868^^^' ^^d Mr R. G. Marsden, stroke in 1867 and four in 
' 8. Both were the sons of Johnians and migrated to Oxford 
after residing in St John's. 

Rect ^^^ ^" ^' ^' Shadwell (who died at Little Ilford 
ory on October 26, at the age of 73) was a son of Vice- 

Obituary. 8i 

Chancellor Sir Lancelot Shadwell. After leaving Eton he was 
admitted to St John's, 4 April 1838, and commenced residence 
on October 10. He rowed three in the Lent Boat of 1839, his 
brother Alfred H. Shadwell rowing stroke. 

Mr A. T. W. Shadwell won the Colquhoun Sculls in 1840 
and held them till 1842, there being no race in 1841. After 
keeping the Easter Term of 184 1 he migrated to Balliol College, 
Oxford, whither his reputation had preceded him and where he 
soon made a name for himself. He at once began to coach the 
Oxford crew and steered the winning eight against Cambridge in 
1842. In the following year he steered the seven-oared crew 
which won the Grand Challenge Cup at Henlej Regatta. 
Shortly afterwards Mr Shadwell wrote The Principles of Rowing 
and Steering^ the first of the text-books on rowing, and one 
whirh was for a long time the standard work on this subject. 
A letter from him will be found in Morgan's University Oars, 
p. 314. 

He became Rector of Langton, Yorks, in 1850, and in 1879 
vas presented by Hertford College, Oxford, to the Rectory of 
Little Ilford. 

We believe that the Mr Shadwell who rowed second in the 
first race for the Colquhoun Sculls in 1837 was Mr A. H, 

The Rev Ralph Raisrbck Tatham M.A. 

A loyal member of the College passed away on October i at 
St Leonard's-on-Sea, in the person of the Rev Ralph Raisbeck 
Tatham, Prebendary of Chichester. Born on April 18 1822, he 
received his early education at Highgate School and King's 
College, London, entering St John's as a pensioner in October 
1840, during the Mastership of his namesake and cousin, Dr. 
Ralph Tatham. Although without any brilliant abilities, he 
^as a student of unremitting industry, and about the middle of 
Ws career his labours were rewarded by his election as a scholar 
of the College. In January 1 844 he took his B.A. degree as 
Fourth Junior Optime, proceeding to his M.A. degree in 1847. 
He was one of the many Cambridge men of his day who were 
prevented from proving their classical capabilities by the rule 
that mathematical honours were a sine qua non of every other 

VOL. xvm. M 

82 Obit nary. 

In 1845 he was ordained deacon lo the curacy of St Michael's, 
Highgate, entering the ranks of the priesthood in the following 
year Here he laboured earnestly, in the quiet unobtrusive 
manner which always distinguished him, for three-and-a>balf 
years, until in the autumn of 1 848 he was presented by the late 
Earl of Ashburnham to the living of Dallington, in East Sussex. 
This beautiful spot, situated high on the Weald, and command- 
ing an extensive view of the South Downs and Pevensey Baj, 
was destined to be the scene of his life's work. Yet he entered 
upon his duties here with much doubt and hesitation. He has 
often described to the writer the grave disadvantages by which 
he was surrounded when he began his ministry in this place. A 
scattered country parish, without any resident gentry, which had 
suffered for years from the non-residence of its nominal Vicar ; 
a church almost in ruins, a dilapidated vicarage, and a very 
scanty emolument— these were some of the difficulties with 
which he had to contend. Of the revolution which he worked 
in the moral, intellectual, and spiritual well-being of the popu- 
lation during 45 years of an active and zealous pastorate it is, 
perhaps, hardly necessary to speak in detail in the pages of the 
Eagle; but it may be said that he was a noble example of the 
men — so commonly sent by the Universities of Oxford and 
Cambridge in these days into the country parishes of England -^ 
who, devoid of all self-seeking, find complete contentment and 
happiness in devoting their energies to the cause of Christ 
among the masses of the people. 

Although in politics a strong Conservative, as a Churchman 
Mr Tathara was always singularly devoid of party bias, and, 
while himself neither Papist nor Puritan, it seemed to be his 
chief aim to avoid all extremes in the endeavour to attach his 
people by the bonds of affection to the Church of England. 
He was a staunch upholder of the doctrine of the historical 
continuity of the English Church from the earliest times. He 
was a devoted parish priest, eminently thorough in every depart- 
ment of his work. In character kindly, gentle, courteous and 
full of sympathy, 

with a hand 
open as day for melting charity, 

he was always the loved friend of his parishioners, and (as the 
shadows lengthened) the venerable father of his flock. In 1878 
he became Rural Dean of oae of the largest deaneries in the 

Obiiuary. Z^ 

diocese of Chichester, and in 1889 Bishop Durnford still further 
promoted him to the prebendal stall of Marden in Chichester 

During the later years of his life Mr Tatham was seldom at 
Cambridge, but his affection for St John's was unbounded, and 
his recollections of Johnian worthies of former days remarkable 
for their minuteness and accuracy. One of the greatest pleasures 
of his life was the renewal of his connexion with the College 
when his son went into residence in 1883 ; and almost his last 
act before his fatal illness was to send a message to Mr G. C. M. 
Smith with reference to the list of occupants of college rooms, 
which the latter was then compiling for the pages of the Eagle, 

T. B. T. 

College Calendar 1894. 

Lent Term (74 days, 56 to keep). 

All years come up Monday January 15. 

Lectures begin Wednesday .... January 17. 

College Examinations about March 5—12. 

[Term kept Sunday Maich 11.] 

Easter Term (73 days, 55 to keep). 

All years come up Wednesday . . . .April 18. 

Lectures begin Friday April 20. 

College Examinations about June 4—9* 

[Termkept Monday June 1 1]. 

Michaelmas Term (80 days, 60 to keep). 

Sizarship Examination Friday September 28. 

Freshmen come up by Monday October 8. 

„ Lectures begin Wednesday .... October 10. 

Other years come up Wednesday .... October 10. 

„ „ Lectures begin Friday October 12. 

College Examinations about December 5—8. 

[Term kept Saturday December 8.] 

Entrance Examinations will be held on January 16, April 19, 
June 8, and September 28. 


Michaelmas Term 1893. 

Mr W. Lee Warner C. S. L has been appointed to the very 
honorable position of Member of the Legislative Council of 
India. Mr Lee Warner, who was formerly a Scholar of the 
College and Editor of the Eagle, spent the early part of the 
present term within our walls. We therefore hail this last 
honour to which he has attained with especial pleasure. 

The Right Honorable Sir J. E. Gorst, M.P. for the Univer- 
sity and Honorary Fellow of the College, has been elected Lord 
Rector of the University of Glasgow by the votes of the students. 
His opponent was the Home Secretary, Mr Asquith. 

Mr Passmore Edwards, proprietor of the Echo newspaper, 
has made an offer to the Trinity House to build a monumental 
Lighthouse on St Agnes Beacon, Cornwall, in memory of the 
late Professor J. C. Adams, as a distinguished Cornishman. 
The lighthouse, when built, will command 40 miles of coast 
(about 20 miles on each side), and 30 miles at sea. 

At the Annual Election on November 6, the following were 
elected to Fellowships: — James Gibson, First Class in the 
Moral Sciences Tripos Parts L and H. 1890-91, with special 
distinction in the History of Philosophy ; Walter Coventry 
Summers, First Class (first division) Classical Tripos Part I. 
1890, Craven Scholar 1890, Second Chancellor's Medallist 1892 ; 
Ernest William MacBride, First Class Natural Sciences Tripos 
Parts I. and H. 1890-91, Hutchinson Student in Zoology, and 
now Walsingham Medallist in Biology, University Demonstrator 
in Animal Morphology. At the same Election, the Rev C. E. 
Graves, Lecturer in Classics, and the Rev Dr F. Watson, Lecturer 
in Theology, were re-elected Fellows of the College. 

With the sanction and support of the Master and Fellows of 
the College, patrons of the living, it has been decided to place 
in the church of SS Peter and Paul, Ospringe, a memorial to 
the late vicar. Canon Griffin, who so long and so faithfully made 
the Church in the parish a living Church of God among men. 
The proposed memorial is to be the decoration of the present 
reredos and of the east end in opus sectile and mosaics from the 
studios of Messrs Powell and Son, of Whitefriars, the architect 
being Mr F. Lovell Lee. The estimated cost is £ilo. 

Our Chronicle. 85 

The Rt Rev Dr Atlay, Bishop of Hereford, formerly Fellow 
and Tutor of the College, was, on June 24 presented on behalf 
of the diocese with his portrait, painted by the Hon John 

The Rev Thomas Field (B.A. i844\ Rector of Bigby, and 
formerly Fellow and Tutor of the College, has been appointed 
to the prebendal stall of Welton Painshall in Lincoln Cathedral. 
Mr Field has more than once contributed to the pages of the 
Eagle^ and his many Johnian friends will rejoice at his latest 

The Rev. R. B. Mayor. Rector of Frating, having resigned 
his position as one of the Governors of Felstead School, 
Dr Sandys has been co-opted in his place. 

Ds J. H. B. Masterman, Scholar of the College, and late 
Editor of the Eagle, has been appointed a Lecturer in History 
to the Non-Collegiate Students' Board. 

Mr H. W. Simpkinson, late Fellow of the College and now 
one of the Examiners in the Education Office, Whitehall, has 
been appointed Secretary to the Departmental Committee on 
Secondary Education. 

The Rev Augustus Jackson (B.A. 1859) has been appointed 
by Earl Amherst, Provincial Grand Master of Kent, to be Junior 
Provincial Grand Chaplain of the Kent Freemasons. 

Mr William Garnett (B.A. 1873), D.C.L. Durham, formerly 
Fellow and Steward, has resigned the Principalship of the 
Durham College of Science, Newcastle, to take up the position 
of Director of Technical Education to the London County 

Mr R. A. Sampson (Third Wrangler 1888, and First Smith's 
Prizeman), Fellow of the College and Isaac Newton Student in 
Astronomy, has been appointed Professor of Mathematics in 
the Durham College of Science, Newcastle, in succession to 
Principal Garnett. 

Dr Arthur Schuster, Professor of Physics in the Victoria 
University, and formerly Fellow-Commoner of the College, has 
been awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society for his. 
electrical researches and discoveries. 

The first Walsingham Medal hitherto awarded has been gained 
by E. W. MacBride, Fellow of the College, for his researches in 
Zoology. The Medal was founded by the High Steward, Lord 
Walsingham, F.R.S., for the encouragement of original research 
in Botany, Zoology, Geology, and Physiology, and is awarded 
by the Special Board for Biology and Geology. 

The Royal Statistical Society has awarded its Howard Medal, 
with a cheque for / 20, for an essay on The Perils and ProUclion 
of Infant Life, to Dr Hugh R. Jones (B.A. 1884). 

86 Our Chronicle. 

Ds W. B. Morton (Eighth Wrangler 1892), has been 
appointed Assistant-Professor of Mathematics in Queen's 
College, Belfast. 

Mr Philip Baylis (B A. 1872) has been appointed Her 
Majesty's Deputy Surveyor of the Royal Forest of Dean, in 
the room of Sir James Campbell, Bart., retired. 

Mr Benedict Jones (B.A. 1879), has been elected Mayor of 
Birkenhead, after seven years' service on the Council of the 

Mr W. G. Rushbrooke, formerly Fellow of the College, has 
been appointed Head-master of St Olave's School, Southwark. 
Mr Rushbrooke was for many years one of Dr Abbott's ablest 
lieutenants at the City of London School, and all who know 
his work and influence there will be glad to see him placed in a 
wider sphere of usefulness. 

Mr John Russell (B.A. 1882) has been elected Warden of 
University Hall, Gordon Square, London, in succession to 
Mr Philip Wicksteed. He retains his mastership at University 
College School. 

Ds A. E. Monro (Eleventh Wrangler 1889) has been ap- 
pointed a Naval Instructor in Her Majesty's Service. 

Ds W. W. Haslett (First Class Classical Tripos 1891) has 
been appointed Head-master of the newly-founded St Andrew's 
School, Dublin. 

Ds Gerald H. Harries (B.A. 1893) has been appointed 
Assistant-master at the Choir school of St George's Chapel, 

We are glad to observe that in the Final Examination of 
Candidates selected for the Indian Civil Service in 1892 the 
first and second places are taken by Johnians, K. C. D6 and 
J. F. Gruning. Ds W. N. Maw, and Ds F. X. D'Souza are 
respectively tenth and twenty-fourth on the list. Among those 
selected in 1891 C. L. S. Russell took the eighteenth place 
in the Final Examination. Ds J. G. Burn is among those 
selected in 1893, ^^^ ^^^ returned into residence to prepare far 
his Final. 

J. G. Leathem, Scholar of the College, appears in the First 
Division of the Pass List for the degree of B.Sc, and Ds J. B. 
Dale (B A. 1893) in the First Division for B.A., in the Univer- 
sity of London. 

R. K. McElderry has obtained First Class Honours in 
Ancient Classics at the M.A. examination of the Royal Univer- 
sity of Ireland, being the only one in the class. Ds R. C. 
Heron (B.A. 1893) has obtained First Class Honours in Mathe- 
matical Science in the same examination, and has been awarded 
a special prize of if 40. 

Our Chronicle. 87 

Among those just called to the Bar are Mr George James 
Turner, of Lincoln's Inn (B.A 1889), an ex-editor of the Eagle^ 
and Mr A. R. Pennington, of the Inner Temple (B.A. 1889), 
well-known for his services and benefactions to the Lady 
Margaret Boat Club. 

Dr George Parker (B.A. 1877) has been appointed Assistant- 
physician to the Bristol General Hospital. He was presented 
with a handsome testimonial by his patients at the Bristol 
Dispensary on resigning office there. 

The Rev T. F. Scott, of this College, took part as a Cam- 
bridge Graduate in the ceremonies at Upsala (September S to 7), 
commemorating the Tercentenary of the Swedish Reformation. 

A handsome window has been placed in Emmanuel Church, 
Clifton, as a memorial of the services of the Rev T. G. Luckock 
(B.A. 1854), who erected the church, and recently resigned the 

The Hymers College, Hull, founded in pursuance of the 
intention of the late Dr Hymers, Rector of Brandesburton, and 
formerly Fellow and Tutor of St John's, was formally opened 
on October 30 by the Lord Chancellor (Lord Herscheil). The 
Master and the President represented the College at the 

The College Essay Prizes for the year 1892-3 have been 
awarded as follows : — Third Year — Not awarded. Second Year — 
G. S. Osborn. First Year—], A. Chotzner. 

A bust of the late Dr Kennedy, Regius Professor of Greek 
and Fellow of the College, has been presented by Mr Graves 
to the College Library. The bust is the work of Mr Henry 
Wiles of Cambridge. 

Among the books published in the past term by the Uni- 
versity Press is a volume of Greek and Laiin Verse by a dis- 
tinguished member of the College, the late Canon T. S. Evans, 
Professor of Greek at Durham. The volume is edited by his 
son-in-law. Canon Waite of Durham, who has contributed a most 
interesting memoir of the author. 

The Classical Review for October opens with an important 
review of the Gotlingen School of Comparative Philology by the 
late Mr Darbishire. The corresponding position in the No- 
vember number is occupied by a long and interesting article by 
Mr E. E. Sikes, Fellow and Assistant Lecturer of the College, 
on Folk-lore in the * Works and Days* of Hesiod. 

Dr Sandys has presented to the Collection of College 
Worthies in the Combination Room an autotype reproduction 
of Hay don's second portrait of Wordsworth, drawn at Rydal 
Mount in 1818, and engraved by Thomas Landseer in 1831. It 

88 Our Chronicle. 

is the portrait which the poet himself used to describe as that 
of * The Brigand.* {See Prof William Knight's Wordsworthiana, 
PP- 37-39). 

The following have also been added to the collection of 

i^ohnian portraits in the smaller Combination Room: (i) A 
arge mezzotint of "The Right Honble Thomas Philip 
l.ARL DE Grey, Fint Lord of the Admiraltw &c., &c. Painted 
by William Robinson, Engraved by Wm. Brett and S. Cousins** 
Lord de Grey (1781 — 1859) was ** Lord-lieutenant of Ireland, 
an excellent architect, and munificent patron of fine arts '* 
( Cooper). 
Presented hy Dr Donald Mac A lister^ Tutor. 

(2) An aquatint of "Soame Jenyns Esqr. Painted by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds, Engraved by W. Dickinson, Sept. r\ihy 1776. 
Soame Jenyns (1704 — 1787) was a poet of note, **an able 
essayist and miscellaneous writer." {Cooper), 

Presented by Dr Donald Mac A lister, Tutor. 

(3) A large engraving of **The Reverend James Ind 
Wklldox, D.C.L., Head Master of Tonbridge School. London^ 
Fbtuary \st, 1888, published fy the Fine Art Society {Limited)^ 
148, Nt7V Bond Street^'* signed by the artist, T. Blake Wirgman. 
Dr Welldon was Fifth Classic and Thirtieth Wrangler 1834, 
Fellow of the College, and for more than 30 years Head Master 
of Tonbridge School. The original picture hangs in the 
School House, Tonbridge. 

Kindly presented by the Members of the Old Tonbridgian Society. 

The preachers in the College Chapel this term have been — 
the Master, Mr Almack (Vicar of Ospringe). Mr Graves, Mr J. 
Sephton (formerly Head master of the Liverpool Institute). Mr 
Chamberlain (Rector of Staplehurst), and Mr Bevan (Gresham 
Professor of Divinity). 

The following members of the College were ordained at 
Norwich in July, the ordination having been postponed in con- 
sequence of the change in the See : 

Name. Diocese, Parish. 

Cole, J. W., B.A. Norwich Quidenham 

Phillips, W. Richmond, M.A. Norwich Christ Church, Lowestoft 

At this, the first ordination held by Bishop Sheepshanks, Mr 
Richmond Phillips was the Gospeller. 

The following were admitted to Deacon's Orders at the 
September Ordinations : 

Name, Diocese, Parish,. 

Bannerman, W. E, M.A. Lichfield Hominglow 

Cassell, J. R., B.A. Oxford St John, Reading 

Cole, A. B. F., B.A. Oxford Wing 

Corder, B. J , B.A. Oxford IlanslOpe 

Our Chronicle. 


The following ecclesiastical appointments are annonnced : 

Andrews, G., M.A. 
Davies, D. 
Pkyke, W. E., M.A. 
I-ucas, W., M.A. 

B,A. From 


(1886) V.St Asaph 

(1866) Head Master^ Lan- 

caster School 
(1858) V. Oltringham 

KoberU, C. M., B.D. (1857) R. Brinkley 

Davies, J. P., M.A (1873) R. Street 

Street, J. H. (1874) V. Tonge 

Crosslcy, C. H., M.A. (1882) R. Nowton 

I-loyd, J. A., M.A. 
X.ewis, G-. H. 

(1873) C.St Margaret, Lynn 
(1870) Furlough 

Sitwell, G. W., M.A. (1861) V. Leamington, Hast- 
Clarke, J., M.A. (1870) V. Burton Fleming 

Easton, J. G., M.A. (1876) V. IlketshaJl 

"Wcllacott, W.T., M.A. (1875) Assistant Master,New- 

ton Abbott College 

Stuart, E* A, M.A (1876) V. St James, HoUo- 


Wajton, a F., M.A. (1872) V. St Thomas, York. 

(1851) V. Christ Church, 

(i88z) V. Walmersley 

Everard, G., M.A. 

Evans, J. D., MA. 

Nicholson, W.W., M.A. (1882) Chaplain R. N. 

Starkey, G. A., M.A. (1870) V. Whiteparish 

Bluett, T. L. l^^n) C. Southchurch 

Walker, R. H. (1879) C.M.S., Eq. Africa 

Jones, \V. W.,. M.A. (i860) 

Field, T., B.D. 

(1841) R. Bigby 

Jackson, G. F., M.A. (1882) C. H. Trin., Brompton 

Ainger, F. E., MA. (1882) 

Anderson, W. M. (i886) C. Faringdon 

Claxkc, F. W., MA. (1880) C. Tidenham 

To be 

Ra Great Longstowe^ 

R. Brymbro, Wrex* 

R. Marwood, Barn- 

V. Burstwick, York 

R. Aldridge, Walsali 

R. Twineham 

Y. St Saviour, Bingley 

Rural Dean of Hom- 

V. St Giles, Norwich 

Chaplain Ghorepuri, 

Rural Dean, Dun- 

V. Lissington 

R. Briukley, New- 

V. Bradworthy, Devon 

V. St. Matthew, Bays- 

V. St John, Wolver- 

V.St. Andrew, South- 

Rural Dean, Bury, 

Chap, to the Camper- 

R. Hawkswell, Essex 

V. Colney St Peter, 

Archdeacon of Uganda 

R. Woodbridge,. Suf- 

Prebendary of Welton 
in Lincoln Cathedral 

Chap, at Barcelona 

V. Sparsholt, Hants. 

R. BryanstOR, Dorset 

V. Caldecot, Chepstow 

Amongst the appoiatments above recorded may be specially 
noted that of Mr R. H. Walker, well known in connexion with 
Eastern Equatorial Africa, to be the Bishop's deputy in Uganda ; 
of Mr Everard, an influential mission preacher, who removes from. 
Dover to the leading church in Southport ; of Mr E. A. Stuart, 
the very successful Thursday morning lecturer at St Mary-le-Bow, 
who exchanges St James's, Holloway, for one of the principal 
churches in the West-end of London, St Matthew's, Bayswater ; 
and of Mr Nicholson, who is appointed to H.M S. Camperdcwri. 

90 Our Chronicle. 

The removal of Mr Torry to Marston MorUine left the parish 
of Marwood in North Devon vacant ; to this the College has 
presented Mr Pryke, formerly Scholar and Naden Divinity 
Student, 14th Wrangler in 1866 and Second Class in the Theo- 
logical Tripos in 1867. Mr Pryke has been for twenty years 
Head Master of Lancaster School, which he has raised to a high 
place among the Grammar Schools of the North of England. 
Among his boys were Dr Tucker, (Senior Classic 1882), Mr 
Marr, our present Lecturer in Geology, and Mr Seward, Univer- 
sity Lecturer in Botany. 

Mr Chamberlain's presentation to Staplehurst left Aldridge 
vacant, which has been filled by the appointment of Mr C. M. 
Roberts, Rector of Brinkley, formerly Scholar, and for many 
years Head Master of Monmouth School. Mr Roberts is 
succeeded at Brinkley by Mr Easton, formerly Scholar, and 
sometime Head Master of Yarmouth School. 

Besides Mr Blomefield, whose death is recorded in our Obituary, 
the College loses another clergyman who took his degree over 
sixty years ago. The Rev J. C. Burnett graduated in 1829, 
and after serving several curacies and incumbencies in the South- 
west was appointed to the living of St Michael, Bath, which he 
held for thirty-six years. 

The senior clergymen now on the College books are the Rev 
Sir John Henry Fludyer (1826) and Canon C. T. Whitley 
(Senior Wrangler 1830). 

A brass in memory of the late Dr Parkinson has lately been 
put up in the College Chapel. It bears the following 
inscription : 

In memoriam • mariti * carissimi 
Stephani • Parkinson • S • T • P 

CoUegii ' Divi • Johannis 
Socii • Lectoris • Tutoris • Praesidis 
qui * summos * in ' studiis * mathematicis ' houores * adeptus 
vixit • Collegio • fidelis 
amicis ' iucundus 
discipulis ' dilectus 
monumentum • uxor • superstes • ponendum • curavit 
natus • A • S • mdcccxxiii • obiit A • S " mdccclxxxix 
Another brass, the inscription of which is subjoined, has been 
put up in memory of Mr F. C. Wace. 

In loving Memory of 
Frederick Charles Wage, MA : JP : DL. 

Esquire Bedell 

Late Fellow and Lecturer of this College 

Mayor of Cambridge 1889— 189 1 

Alderman of the Borough and of the County Council. 

Born June 17th 1836 Died Jan. 2Sth 1893 

Buried at Cherryhinton, 

This tablet is placed by his family. 

Our Chronicte. 91 

The Manner of the Coronation of King Charles the First of 
England^ edited for the Henry Bradshaw Liturgical Text 
Society by Mr Chr. Wordsworth, is described by the Editor in 
the following words : 

"The manuscript marked 'L. 15/ in the Library of St 
John's College, is the main source which supplies the text now 
printed for our Society as the Coronation Service actually used 
at the Coronation of King Charles I in Westminster Abbey, 
2 Feb. i62i. 

It is believed to be the very book which King Charles held 
in his hand on that occasion. 

For this interesting fact we have the express statement 
in the handwriting of Abp Sancroft, "/ have reason to thinks 
y* tis y very Boolt which the King held in his Hand at y* great 

The little book, which measures 6J inches by 4] inches, is 
well bound in a seventeenth century binding of green leather 
i^ilt, the edges of the leaves are gilt, the pages are ruled with red 
lines for the margin, and the ceremonial directions are rubri- 
cated. Text and rubrics are alike written in a clear large print- 
like hand, occupying the greater part of 67 pages. The hymn 
Veni Creator comes as an appendix on p. 69. 

The first quire in the book (leaves i — 12) consisted in King 
Charles' time mainly of blank paper, the 8th leaf being the title 
page, and the 9th, loth, and i ith being occupied with the note 
Ex Libto Regalif the prescription for the Oil and the list of 
Bishops, &c. 

The volume subsequently fell into Abp Sancroft's hands, 
and he, while respecting the blank backs of the leaves already 
containing writing on one side, filled pages 1*, 2*, 2^ 3* with 
historical notes and extracts from Fuller and Heylin ; and others 
on pp. 67, 70 at the end of the volume. For the practical purpose 
of utilising the book for the Coronation of King James II and his 
consort, he interlined the text book of the Coronation office 
(which concerned the crowning of King Charles I without his 
Queen) with such corrections and additions as would make it 
correspond with a certain old copy which he had, and would 
render it applicable for the double Coronation in 1685. This 
he was readily able to do, as there were copies extant of the 
discarded form which bad been prepared on the supposition 
that Henrietta Maria would be crowned in 1626. The copy 
which Sancroft employed for his purpose in 168} was, as lie 
tells us, a form on large folio paper in the King's Paper Office. 
He found space on pp. 71 — 75 for transcribing the whole Order 
for the actual Coronation and Investiture of the Queen Consort, 
but for his collation of those rubrics which related to the King, 
or to the King and Queen jointly, in other portions of the 
Service he did not find the margins of K in every case sufficient 
for his addenda. Accordingly he made use of the verso page of 
the last leaf of the (unnumbered) quire at the beginning of the book 

Q2 Our Chronicle* 

as a receptacle for four of his longer and least manageable in- 
sertions from the Paper-Office copy, and when 12^ was thus 
filled he worked backwards to 12^.*' 

We hope in our next number to give a descriptive notice of 
the second volume of the Register of Admissions, which was 
issued from the University Press during the summer. Mean- 
while the following article from the Manchesier Guardian of 
2g August 1893 ^^1^ convey some impression of its contents to 
those of our readers who have not yet seen the book. 

•' St John's College, Cambridge, has produced many men who 
in the different walks of life have deserved well of their country. 
Its history forms a part of the national life, and the esprit de 
corps of its students may well be nourished upon the traditions 
of its past. The same claim might indeed be made for every 
great school and college, and it would be well if all such insti- 
tutions gathered up their records and put in black and white 
the evidence of the services they have rendered to the com- 
munity. A step in this direction has been taken by St John's 
in the publication of the * Admissions' of students from January 
*6JJ to July 17 1 5. Eleven years have elapsed between 
the issue of the first and second volume, but historical and 
genealogical students will rejoice to possess these books, with 
their admirable and elaborate indices, and will be grateful to 
Professor John E. B Mayor for the labour, in which he has 
been zealously aided by Mr. R. F. Scott, the Bursar of the 
College. There are many Northern, Lancashire, Cheshire, 
Welsh, and Shropshire names to award the inquiries of local 
antiquaries. There are indications, too, of the outbreaks of war 
and pestilence, and there are occasional phrases which bring 
before us in a vivid manner the difference between now and 
then, as in the case of the two scholars who in 1647 came from 
' Strand, in the suburbs of London.' A remarkable fact be- 
comes apparent, that in the period covered by this register — 
not a time to which we look for enthusiasm in the cause of 
either leariiing or philanthropy — many poor men's sons found 
their way to St John's. Amongst the trades enumerated of the 
fathers of the pupils are those of barber, baker, collier, inn- 
keeper, tanner, weaver, wheelwright, shepherd, and shipwright. 
One page records the admission of eight young men. The first 
was the son of a knight, the second of the college butler, the 
third of the college baker, the fourth of a citizen of London, the 
fifth of a clergyman, the sixth and seventh of husbandmen, and 
the eighth of a gentleman. Thus the registers tell, to use 
Professor Mayor's phrase, 'how far the College fulfilled its 
mission of uniting class to class. We see noblemen, baronets, 
esquires, gentlemen, meeting on equal footing with the pro* 
fessional and commercial classes and with artisans. Together 
all went to the same grammar school, together the more 
promising proceeded to the University ; for plain living threw 

Our ChranicU, 93 

open doors to every fortune/ And he adds: *We boast of 
our reforms, but should be puzzled to show that the highest 
and the lowest of our countrymen find as much to attract them 
here now as they did two centuries and a half ago.' Something 
may depend upon the different trade terminology of the seven- 
teenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, but when such 
allowances have been made there remains the fact that our 
ancestors not infrequently succeeded in guiding poor- but clever 
lads from the primary school to the University— an achievement 
that many people imagine to belong to the present age ex* 

The Rev C. J. Blomfield, Rector of Launton and Rural 
Dean of Bicester, who is publishing a History of the parishes in 
his Deanery, has recently issued Part vii dealing with the 
parishes of Fritwell and Soulderne. For some facts in the 
history of both parishes he has made use of documents pre- 
served in St John's among the papers relating to the College 
living of Soulderne. Soulderne was one of the benefices given 
to the College by John Williams, then Bishop of Lincoln, and 
afterwards Archbishop of York and Keeper of the Great Seal. 
Mr Blomfield gives a full account of all the Rectors presented 
by the College, derived from the College Registers and anno- 
tated from Prof Mayor's collections and other sources. Two 
names occur in the list of Rectors which are of interest in 
literary history, the Rev Geoffrey Shaw, the subject of *' The 
Soulderne Ghost Story," an account of which has appeared in 
the Eagle (xvi, 17), and the Rev Robert Jones, Rector from 1805 
till 1835, the friend of Wordsworth, who has given a sketch of 
him in one of his Poems of Sentiment and Reflection. Wordsworth 
visited Jones at Soulderne, and hasdescribed the old Rectory 
House (now destroyed) in one of the Miscellaneous Sonnets, 'A 
Parsonage in Oxfordshire.' Wordsworth and Jones travelled 
together in France, a fact recorded in the third of the Sonnets 
dedicated to Liberty : 

Tones, as from Calais southward yon and I 

Went pacing side by side .... 

The poet also refers to him as "one of my dearest and 
earliest friends." A view of the old Rectory House is given in 
Mr Blomfield's book. 

In Dr William Wright's recent book The Brontes in Ireland 
will be found a very full account of the Rev Patrick Bronte, 
father of the novelists (B.A. 1806). Dr Wright is very severe 
on the * baseless assertion ' that the Brontes were called Brunty, 
Branty, or Prunty in Ireland. Those who hold this view argue 
that no Irish name ends in an accented e and that if the name 
was pronounced Brunty that was how it must have been spelled. 
When Patrick Bronte entered St John's ist October. 1802, 
the keeper of the Admission Register entered him as Patrick 
Branty. But he signed himself on Matriculation in that term 

94 Our Chronicle. 

Pair. Bronte. He appears in the University Calendar of the 
term as Brontt and with the same spelling in the College 
Register of Scholars and Exhibitioners. 

Prof Mayor has given good reasons for believing that the 
entries on admission were for many years taken down from the 
lips of the man himself. So by help of an Irish brogue, for 
Bronte was of humble birth, 'Bronte' might well sound like 
' Branty ' to English ears. 

Those who believe in the change of name have an ingenious 
theory. In 1799 the King of the Two Sicilies had resolved 
and ordained that the ancient and famous town of Bronte, on 
the skirts of Etna, with its territories and dependencies should 
be conferred on Lord Nelson; and in January 1801 Nelson 
obtained the permission of his Sovereign to assume the title, and 
began to sign himself " Nelson and Bronte." What more 
natural than that the patriotic young freshman should be anxious 
to drop the vulgar Branty and blossom out into the glory of 
the foreign-looking Bronte ? But if he did so it was between 
the time of his entry at St John's and his matriculation. 

In Dr Wright's volume will be found photographic facsimiles 
of Bronte's signature on Matriculation and on his obtaining the 
B.A. degree 22 April 1806. There is also an excellent portrait 
of him at p. 159. 

An article by E. S. T. in the ChrisVs College Magazine for 
last Easter Term gives some interesting statistics of the pro- 
portion of men entered at the ten largest Colleges who 
ultimately graduated in Arts. From Easter 1880 to Lent 1890 
the following numbers matriculated : 

Trinity 1829 Pembroke , . . 527 

St John's 964 Clare 524 

Trinity Hall 631 Christ's 441 

Jesus 579 Corpus 391 

Caius • 573 Emmanuel 340 

Of these the following percentages graduated with First or 
Second Class Honours, or in the ' Poll/ between 1883 and 1892 : 

XBt Class and Class. Poll. 

Trinity 10-9 .. 15-6 .. 359 

St John's 14*2 ., 207 ., 37'2 

Trinity Hall 2-1 ., 77 .. 39-0 

Jesus 3*5 

Caius ...•• ii'2 

Pembroke 8*0 

Clare 5-5 

Christ's 127 

Corpus 2*4 

Emmanuel 10*6 

Total 89 15-2 39*5 

It is satisfactory to note that St John's comes out so well in 
this comparison. Its proportion of First Classes is the largest 
of all. 


. 37-5 

H-3 . 

. 34-6 

15-9 .. 503 

ii'8 , 

. 447 

20*9 . 

. 42-4 

"5 . 

. 547 

194 . 

. 329 

Our Chronicle. 95 


Voll Hoffhung nnd gehobenen Geistes sah er sich eingereibt in die Zabl 
der Undergraduates von St John's College. Anfangs fand er alle Erwartung- 
en noch iibertroffen. Das neue Kleid, die voile Borse mit unbeschrankter 
Freiheit der Verfugung, die Fragen, Ratschlage, Wamungen und unscbuld- 
igen Neckereien, mit denen jeder Neuling in die Sitten und Gebrauche der 
sdma mater eingeweiht wird, die Einladungen scbnellgewonnener Freunde 
zvk solennem Abendessen mit Wein und Siidfruchten — alles war cine Well 
zxx sehr verschieden von der einfach bauerlicben, in der er aufgewachsen war, 
urn ihn nicht wie ein Feenmarchen za blenden und zu verwirren. 

Marie Goihein : William Wordsworth L 13 (1893). 

The Old Screen of St JohrCs College Chapel 

Your excellent article on June 24th re the Melton Mowbray meeting 
of the LincDln Architectural Society has only just come under my notice. Let 
ine note an interesting omission in your allusion to Whissendine Church, viz. 
that in the south aisle of nave the rood-screen of St John's College, Cam- 
bridge, has found a resting place. Passing beneath it, above a hundied 
generations of old Johnians were " marked " on entering chapel ; but on the 
building of the new chapel in 1865 it was ruthlessly discarded by Sir G. G. 
Scott, and was with pleasure and regret discovered the other day by 

An Old Johnian. 
The Builder : 29 July 1893. 

Let us not forget the atrocities which disgraced the reign of Henry the 
Kighth. Do we not remember the fate of the pious Bishop Fisher, whose 
power was exercised only for the advancement of learning, and whose life was 
devoted to the promotion of piety ? Little did he think, when he advised his 
royal pupil to erect the munificent foundations of St John's and Christ s 
Colleges, that they would swarm with the enemies of his religion and the 
friends of his persecutors ! 

The Examiner: 27 January 1828 (p. SO* 

The Rev William Taylor Newbold of St John's College, Cambridge, the 
first Cantab who had filled the office [of Head Master of St Bees School] 
since the appointment of Jonathan Banks in 168 1, and the first who was not 
a native of either Cumberland or Westmorland, was nominated Head Master 
in January 1880 by the Rev Dr Magrath, Provost of Queens', also the first 
not being a native of either of those two counties who had held that 
distinguished position. 

[Then follows an account of the New Scheme for the Government of the 
School, and the expenditure of ;^I4,793 15^. on new buildings.] Brief though 
the p>eriod is since this large expenditure was incurred, and great as is the 
increased accommodation, it is already insufficient. So successful has been 
Mr Newbold's administration that he has been compelled to purchase the 
largest house in the village for the overflow of the boarders who are under the 
care of the Rev Mr Alderson, the second master. The number ot scholars at 
present is 160, of whom 120 are boarders : and it may be that we may see a 
still further extension of the buildings, for it is more than probable that the 
coal royalty will be much greater in the futtu-e than it ever has been in the 

TV. yackson, F.S.A, : Papers and Pedigrees mainly relating to 
Cumberland and Westmorland, U. pp. 224, 226 (1892). 


Our Chronicle. 

Mr G. W. Childs is to erect a handsome black granite monument over die 
neglected grave of Richard A. Proctor [B.A. i860], in Greenwood Cemetery, 
New York* On one side of the monument will run the inscription :— > 

RICHARD A. PROCTOR, Astrqnomkk, 
Bom in Chelsea, Englaud, 

March 23, 1837. 

Died in New York City, 

Sept. 12, 1888, 

Aged 51 years. 

How good ! how kind ! and he is gone ! 

Erected by George W. Childs. 
The apex of the shaft will appropriately be crowned by a star. 

The most interesting point about the memorial, however, will be the 
following curious epitaph letter from Mr Herbert Spencer on the back of the 
memorial : — 

Fairfield, Pewsey, England. 

On public as on private grounds Prof Proctor's premature death was 
much to be lamented. He united great detailed knowledge with broad 
general views in an unusual degree, and, while admirably fitted for a popular 
expositor, was at the same time well equipped for original investigations, 
which, had he lived, would doubtless have added to our astronomical know- 
ledge. Prof Proctor was also to be admired for his endeavours to keep the 
pursuit of science free from the corrupting and paralysing influence of 
State aid. 
July 5, 1893. Hs&BS&T Spencer. 

A re-burial service will be conducted by Dr Talmage. 

H'^estminsUr Gautte : 29 August 1893. 

College Examinations iSgj. 

ird Year (Dec. 
\st Class, 
\ Franks, R. S. 

J Heron 

\ Hudson, £. C. 
I Hardwick 
\ Sargent, H. 


Zrd Year, 
1st Class, 


Horton- Smith, L. 

Long, H. E. 



%nd Year. 

1st Year. 

1st Class. 

1st Class. 






















2nd Year, 

1st Year, 

1st Class. 

1st Class, 

Tate, R. W. 

Hardwich {div. i) 

Chotzner ,, 


Moore {div. 2) 

Byles „ 

Our Chronicle. 


Natural Sciences. 
Candidates for Part L of the Natural Sciences Tripos, 

2nd Year. 1st Year. 

1st Class, 1st Class, 

Eagles Blackman, V. H. 

Horton-Smith, R. J. West 



Indian Civil Service. 

1st Year. 
1st Class. 

2nd Year. 




El John Herschel. 

Greek Testament. 


Prox. ace, 

None awarded. 

ird Year, 
Hutton, A. R. R. 

2nd Year, 


Newcombe Prize. 

/ Edmunds 

(for Moral Sciences). 

Wright's Prizes. 

yd Year. 
Franks, R. S. 

2nd Year. 

1st Year. 

Hughes Prizes. Hughes Exhibition. 


"I Horton-Smith, 


Church History) 

English Essay Prizes (December 1892}. 
ird Year. 2nd Year. 1st Year. 

Brown, W. L. Kidd Osbora 

Foundation Scholarships Continued. 


Blackman, S. S. F. 


Brown, W. L. 






Franks, R. S. 




Horton-Smith, L. 


Hudson, E. C. 

Tones, H. P. 


Long, B, 









Nicklin, J. A. 





Smith, R. T. 


Tate, R. W. 



Hutchinson Studentship. 
Blackman, F. F. 

VOL. xvm. 

Choral Studentships. 



Elected to Founda- 
tion Scholarships. 

$rd Year, 

tnd Year, 
Horton-Smith, R. J. 

\st Year, 
Blackman, V. H. 

Our Chronicle. 


Proper Sizars 













Hutton, A. R. R. 

\5t Year. 

Long, H. E. 













Limited Exhibitions (October, 1893). 

Baker Exhibition : L. A. Body (Durham School). 
Dowman Exhibition : T. F. Brewster (Pocklington School). 
Munsteven Exhibition : C. A. M. Evans (Oundle School). 
Somerset Exhibition: C. P. Keeling (Manchester School). 
Jones (Hereford School). 

Vidalian Exhibition : J. E. McConnick (Exeter School). 

£. A. A. 

Tripos Examinations, Easter Term 1893.* 
Classical Tripos Part I. 


Class //. 

Class ///, 

Horton-Smith, L. (div. 
Sheepshanlcs „ 

a) Long, H. E. {div, i) Richards {div, i) 
Moss-BlundeU (rfiV. 2) Walker, B. P. „ 
Lewis, W. R. {div, 3) Passingham [div. 2) 
Stowell „ 
Coe {div, 3) 
Wrangham „ 

Part IL 

Class /. 

Ds Stone {//istory). 

Natural Sciences Tripos Part I. 


Class //, 

aass ///. 

Blackman, S. S. F 
Horton-Smith, R. 

J. Holmes 


Briggs. G. F. 

Cameron, W. E. 
Ds Rosenberg. 

aass L 


Class //. 

Ds Brown W. L 

{Physiology) Purvis 

Ds Smith, R. T. 

* For Triposes not here given, see our last number, Eagle xvii, 681 

Our Chronicle, 99 

Theological Tripos Part I. 

Class IL Class 11 L 

Earle Hutton 

Part II. 

Class IL 

Ds Lupton (New Testament), 

Ds Natley {History and Literature). 

Law Tripos Part II. 
Class L Class IIL 

D'Souza Pitkin 

Historical Tripos. 

Class L 


Admitted to the degree op B.D. 
Mag Joseph Hirst Lupton, formerly Fellow. 

Adbutted to the degrees of M.B. and B.C. 
Mag Daniel West Samways, formerly Fellow. 
Ds John Herbert Godson. 
Ds Cecil Ernest Millington Lewis. 
Ds Frederick Henry Lewis 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College are announced : Mr A. C. Seward, University Lecturer 
in Botany ; Dr A. Macalister, Professor Liveing, Mr J. E. Marr, 
and Mr A. Harker, members of the Sedgwick Geological 
Museum Building Syndicate; Dr D. MacAIister, Professor 
Liveing, Mr R. F. Scott, and Mr I. A. Tillyard, members of the 
Agricultural Examinations Syndicate; Mr A. Caldecott, Ex- 
aminer for the Moral Sciences Tripos; Mr C. E. Graves, 
Examiner for the Bell and Abbott Scholarships ; Mr J. T. Ward, 
Examiner for the Maitland Prize ; Dr Taylor, a Governor of St. 
David's College, Lampeter; Professor Liveing, a Governor of 
the South Eastern Agricultural College; Dr D. MacAIister, 
Assessor to the Regius Professor of Physic ; Mr H. F. Baker, 
Examiner for Part II of the Mathematical Tripos ; Dr W. J. 
Sollas, Mr P. Lake, Mr A. C. Seward, Mr W. Bateson. and Dr 
H. D. Rolleston, Examiners for the Natural Sciences Tripos ; 
Mr E. H. Acton, Examiner for the Second M.B. Examination ; 
Mr W. Moore Ede, a Governor of the Royal Grammar School, 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Mr A. C. Seward, member of the 
Botanic Garden Syndicate ; Dr E. C. Clark, member of the 
Fitzwilliam Museum Syndicate ; Dr A. Macalister, member of 
the Antiquarian Committee ; Dr Sandys and Mr J. R. Tanner, 
members of the Library Syndicate ; Dr D. MacAIister, member 
of the Local Examinations Syndicate ; Mr J. Larmor, member 
of the Observatory Syndicate ; Dr Taylor, member of the Sex 
Vin\ and of the Proctorial Syndicate ; Dr D. MacAIister, 
member of the State Medicine Syndicate ; Mr J. R. Tanner, 

loo Our Chronicle. 

member of the Special Board for History; Dr Garrett, member 
of the Special Board for Music ; Mr R. F. Scott, member of 
the Financial Board ; Dr Sandys, member of the General Board 
of Studies. 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced: Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament 
(Macmillan), by W. J. Hickie; Cicero pro Milone (Macmillan), 
by F. H. Colson ; The Iheory of Conditional Sentences in Greek 
and Latin (Macmillan), by Richard Horton Smith; Hydrostatics 
(Macmillan), by A. G. Greenhill; Materials for the Study of 
Variation in Animals^ vol i (Macmillan), by W. Bateson ; Organic 
Chemistry for Beginners (Macmillan), by G. S. Turpin ; Physio- 
graphy for Beginners (Macmillan), by J. E. Marr and A. Harker j 
Physiology for Beginners (Macmillan), by M. Foster and L. E. 
Shore ; Selections from Early Christian Writers (Macmillan), by 
the Rev Prof H. M. Gwatkin ; Addresses, Essays^ and Lyrical 
Translations of the late Dr T. C. Finlayson (Macmillan), with life 
by Dr A. S. Wilkins ; Geometrical Conies, Part ii (Macmillan), by 
J. J. Milne and R. F. Davis ; Latin and Greek Verse Composition 
(University Press), by the late Rev Canon T. S. Evans D.D. ; The 
Scientific Papers of John Couch Adams, vol i (University Press), 
edited by Professor W. G. Adams ; The Story of our Planet 
(Cassell), by the Rev Dr T. G. Bonney; Plain Introductions to 
the Books of the Bible (Cassell), by the Rt Rev Dr C. J. 
EUicott ; The Shapes and Embroidery of Ecclesiastical Vestments as 
represented in Medieval Monuments (St Osmund's Society), by 
R. A. S. Macalister; Aristophanes* Vespae (Pitt Press), by 
Rev C. E. Graves ; Common Sense Euclid, books i — iv (W. H. 
Allen & Co.), by the Rev A. D. Capel ; A History of the Theory 
of Elasticity, vol ii (University Press), by the late Dr I. 
Todhunter, edited by Professor Karl Pearson ; Practical Physio- 
logy of Plants (University Press), by F. Darwin and E. H. Acton ; 
Fossil Plants (University Press), by A, C. Seward ; Text-Book of 
Physical Anthropology (University Press), by Professor A. 
Macalister; PrendevilUs Livy, book iv (Deighton), edited by 
J. H. Freese. 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

First Captain—^, B. Reid. Second Captain^K, P. Cameron. Hon. 
Secretary—^, H. Bonsey. Hon, Treas.—K. G. Butler. First Lent 
Captain— K. P. Hadland. Second Lent Captain -^F. A. Rose. Third Lent 
Captain — C. G. Leftwich. 

Andrews and Maples Freshmen's Sculls, These sculls were 
rowed for on June 17. There were three entries, F. A. Rose, 
K. C. D6, and W. H. Bonsey. The race ended in a win for 

University Coxswainhss Fours, The following four was in 

Our Chronicle. loi 

practice for three weeks, but did not compete owing to inability 
to get together : 

A. P. Cameron {how)^ 

2 A. E. Buchanan 

3 W. H. Bonsey 

S. B. Reid {stroke) 
• Steerer. 

J. B. Close, of First Trinity, kindly coached us. 

Sculling Handicap, A sculling handicap race, for a prize 
presented by R. H. Forster, was rowed on November 13 
and 14. The course was from Ditton Ditch to the winning 
post near the Big Horse-Grind. There were eleven entries. 
G. F. Cooke (150 sees.) won the race, A. F. Alcock (90 sees.) 
being second. 

University Clinker Fours. The L.M.B.C. did not put on a 
Clinker Four this year. 

Pearson and Wright Sculls : November 16. There were only 
two entries this year, S. B. Reid and W. McDougall. Reid won 
by about 20 yards. 

Colquhoun Sculls: November 21, 22, and 23. There were 
seven competitors this year, two of them being members of the 
L.M.B.C, viz. S. B. Reid and W. McDougall. 

First Round. 

Heat I. 

Station 2— T. G. Lewis, 3rd Trinity i 

„ I— J. R. B. Branson, ist Trinity o 

Lewis beat Branson by a length. Time 8 min. 55 sec. 

Heat //. 
Station i— A. T. L. Rumbold, ist Trinity . . .. i 
„ 2— S. B. Reid, L.M.B.C 2 

Rumbold won by 100 yards. Reid*s wrist gave at Ditton. 
Time 8 min. 56 sec. 

Heat HI. 

Station 2— R. P. Croft, Trinity Hall i 

„ I — ^A. R. Green, Sidney o 

Croft won by 70 yards. Time 8 min. 55 sec. 

Heat IV, 

W. McDougall, L.M.B.C., rowed a bye. 

Second Round. 

Heat I, 

Station 2— A. T. L. Rumbold, 1st Trinity .... I 
„ i-W. McDougaU, L.M.B.C o 

Rumbold won by 50 yards. TiniQ 9 min. 5 sec. 

I02 Our Chronicle. 

Heat II. 

Station 2— R. P. Croft, Trinity Hall i 

„ I— T. G. Lewis, 3rd Trin o 

Croft won by i^ lengths. Time 8 min. 51^ sec. 

Third Round. 

Final Heat, 

Station 2— R. P. Croft, Trinity Hall i 

„ I— A. T. L. Rumbold, ist Trinity .... o 

Croflt won by 2^ lengths. Time 8 min. 33 sec. 

Trial Eights, Rowed on Thursday, November 30. There 
were two Seniors and three Juniors. The Seniors were coached 
by Butler .and Cameron, and Rose; the Juniors by Leftwich, 
Hadland, and Whitman. The Seniors* race was a very good 
one, Rose's eight winning by three seconds. Whitman's crew 
won the Juniors. 

Junior Crew. 

W. A. Dohcrty, how 

2 S. P. Dastur 

3 C. T. Powell 

4 H. C. Andrews 

5 V. B. Manby 

6 W.W.Duncan 

7 G. G. Baily 

P. Green, stroke 
J. D. Davies, cox. 

Senior Crew, 

St, lbs, 

W. A. Houston, bow . . . • 9 8 

2 W. S. Shimield 9 13 

3 R. R. Cummings • 10 7 

4 A. C. Scoular 10 12 

5 J. G. McCormick . , 12 3J 

6R.Y.Bonsey 12 6 

7 C. F. Hare 10 13 

H. Bentley, stroke 10 7$ 

G. F. Cooke, cox, ........ 8 2 

The weights of the Junior Crew were not taken. 

A supper was held in Lecture Room VI after Hall on 
Thursday night, when the pots were presented to the winning 
crews by Mr Lister, who presided. 

It gives us much satisfaction that the College, after an 
interval of some years, has again had a representative in the 
University Trial Eights, W. H. Bonsey having rowed seven in 
the losing boat (December i). We trust that this will be 
followed up by his obtaining his " blue." 

Cricket Club. 

The following Officers have been elected for the ensuing 
season : 

President^'Mi J. R. Tanner. Treasurer— Mr G. C. M. Smith. Captain — 
G. P. K. Winlaw. Secretary — F. J. S. Moore. Committee— J, J. Robinson, 
W. G. Wrangham, H. A. Merriman, W. Falcon, J. H. Metcalfe. 

Mr F. L. Thompson, President, and for so many years 
Treasurer of the Club, has resigned office to our great regret, 
in consequence of his approaching departure from Cambridge. 
We wish him all happiness and success, and hope we may often 
see him again on the cricket ground where he has played so 
many years for the College. 

Our Chronicle. 103 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

Captain,'-], J. Robinson. Secretary — W. Falcon. 

Up to the present we have had a fairly successful season, 
having won six matches out of eleven, drawn one and lost four. 
The reverses were suffered at the hands of Trinity (twice), Clare, 
and Jesus. As there are still several fixtures to be played next 
term as well as this, and the vacancies among the ' colours' 
have not yet been filled up, a further account will be reserved 
till the next number. 

Our *Blue' and 'International' J. J. Robinson has been 
playing regularly for the 'Varsity during the term. Several old 
Tohnians have played against the 'Varsity — A. E. Elliott for St. 
Thomas's Hospital, C. D. Edwards for Guy's Hospital, and 
T. L. Jackson for the Old Leysians. G. R. Joyce has played 
with much success for Surrey. 

Association Football Club. 

Captain— C, O. S. Hatton. Hon, 5^^.— B. J. C. Warren. 

With nine colour men remaining out of last year's team, we 
were confident of a fairly good season, and, although on several 
occasions we have been obliged to put a very weak eleven into 
the field, the record is moderately good. Had several of the 
old colour men, however, condescended to come down to 
practice, the result, especially in the cup tie, might have been 
still more satisfactory. 

The forwards have been much better together than last year, 
and the shooting, although not everything that could be wished, 
has been more effective, as is shown by the fact that in only one 
match have we failed to score. The centre and outside right 
are perhaps the two weakest spots, but Reeve was unfortunate 
in getting hurt when he was beginning to combine better with 
the other forwards. Cole has also played well in several 
matches. H. H. Davies at outside left and Merriman inside 
have played consistently well, and Warren's passing is good. 

The backs and halves have all been fairly reliable, but 
Mundahl is much slower than last year. 

We congratulate Hatton on playing several times for the 
'Varsity, and Reeve on playing in the Freshmen's match. 

Out of a total of 1 5 matches played up to the present time 
we have won nine, drawn two, and lost four. We have kicked 
52 goals to 33. In the first match with Pembroke we had only 
ten men and got beaten 5 — 7, but made ample amends in the 
return by winning 5 — o. 

We drew a bye in the first round of the College Cup and 
were unfortunate in getting beaten (2 — 3) by Trinity Hall in the 
second round ; nearly all the team, however, were in want of 
practice and training. 

The second eleven have done remarkably well, and with the 

104 Our Ohronicle, 

exception of one draw have won all their matches and have 
kicked 28 goals to 7. 

The team has been made up as follows : 

T. H. Metcalfe Goal H. A. Merriman) j ,, .^^ 

C. O. S. Hattonl „ ., H. H. Davies | LefU-^ing 

B. T. C. Warren J « • • ^ 

Half. Backs F. G. Cole } R'S^t-v^'^g 

H. M. Tapper j ^^^^^ H. Reeve Centfe 

F. O. Mundahl 
W. H. Ashton 
E. H. Vines 

The following have also played— F. W. Walker, F. J. S. Moore, C. M" 
Webb, F. A. S. McClelland, C. C. Sumner, A. J. Story. 

The following is the result of matches up to the present 
time : 


Club. Result For Against 

Clare Won .... $ 2 

Pembroke Lost 5 7 

Trinity Hall Lost 2 3* 

Christ's Won .... 4 I 

Emmanuel Won .... 2 ...... i 

Caius Won .... ± 2 

West Wratting Park Won .... 8 3 

Peterhouse Lost o ••.... 

Trinity Hall Won ... 4 2 

Trinity Rest Lost 2 

Trinity Harrovians Won .... 5 

Pembroke Won .... 5 o 

Corpus Won .... 3 i 

Emmanuel Draw .... I I 

Jesus Draw .... 2 2 

2nd XI. 

Jesus Won .... 2 i 

Fitzwilliam Hall Won .... 4 o 

Caius Won .... 6 o 

Clare Won .... 6 I 

Fitzwilliam Hall , . Won .... 5 ...... i 

Queens* Won .... 3 2 

Jesus Draw .... 2 ...... 2 

• Cup Tie. 
The characters will appear in the next number of the Eagle. 

Athletic Club. 

President'-li, M. St C. Tapper. Hon. Secretary~~V^ . Falcon. 
Committee— J. J. Robinson, C. H. Rivers, G, P. K. Winlaw, E. A. Strick- 
land, C. C. AngeU, E. H. Lloyd-Jones, C. O. S. Hatton, K. Clarke, H. 
Reeve, S. B. Reid, Capt. L.M.B.C. (ex officio). 

We congratulate K. Clarke upon his success in the Long 
Jump at the Freshmen's Sports. 

In the athletic competition held at Fenner's on December 2, 
between the University and the L.A.C., G. P. K. Winlaw was 



















23 ... . 



. 21.. .. 

» 23.... 
Nov. 4..,. 




Our Chronicle, 


chosen as the University 'first string' in the Long Jump, and 
C. H. Rivers in the Weight, which he won with a put of 35 feet 
10 inches. Winlaw jumped 20 feet 5 inches; Tapper, who 
jumped against him for the L.A.C., 20 feet 7-^ inches. 

C. C. Angell and H. B. Watts have been representing the 
'Varsity in the * Hare and Hounds.' 

In the Freshmen's Race of the C. U. * Hare and Hounds* 
Club, run on October 24, H. B. Watts came in first in 48 min. 
59 sees. 

General Athletic Club. 

President— VLi H. R. Tottenham. Treasurer-^Mr J. J. Lister. Com- 
muUe—Ur J. E. Marr, S. B. Rcid (L.M.B.C.), C. O. S. Hatton (A.F.C. 
and L.T.C), G. P. K. Winlaw (C.C), J. J. Robinson (R.U.F.C.), E. J. 
Kefford (L.C.C.), H. M. Tapper (A.C.), W. McDougaU. 

The expenses of the General Athletic Club have been un- 
usually heavy this year. Three new boats were required by the 
Boat Club in the May Term ; one of them was paid for by 
private subscription, but the cost of the other two has added 
/'zo to the deficit of last year. 

Balance Sheet for the Year 1892 — 1893. 

Receipts. £ 

Subscriptions : 

Michaelmas Term 237 

Lent Term 180 

Easter Tenii 236 

Loan by Treasurer 20 

673 13 o 

Deficit IIS 5 7 

;f788 18 7 

Oct, 31, 1893. 

Expenditure. £ 

Overdraft at Bank 94 

Deficit on Long Vacation, 

1892 5 

Paid to Treasurers of Clubs : 

L.M.B. C. 409 

Cricket Club 98 

Football Club 25 

Lawn Tennis Club .... 85 

Athletic Club 34 

Lacrosse Club 2 

To Carey for collecting 

Subscriptions 9 

Cleaning lecture rooms . . 
J. Palmer, for printing. . . . i 

Bank charges I 

Two cheque books 

Repayment of loan of 
Treasurer 20 












o o 

10 o 

'5 6 

14 I 

4 o 

o o 

;f788 18 7 

J. LlSTKR, Hon. Treas. 
. R. Tottenham, President. 

Lawn Tennis Club. 

At a general meeting held on November 6, the following 
officers were elected : 

President—MxK.Y.Scoii. ra/tom—C. O. S. Hatton. Hon. Secretary 
— B. J. C. Warren. Treasurer— S. W. Ncwling. Committee— G. W. 
Poynder, A. J. Tait, and M. W. Blyth. 


i06 Our Chronicle. 

Eagle Lawn Tennis Club. 

Pr/xiVIm/- Mr K. F. Scott. ZV^owr^—G. P. K. Winlaw. Secretary-^ 
W. Falcon. 

The foUowing gentlemen were elected members of the Club 
at a meeting held on October 22— R. P. Hadland, C. G. 
Leftwich, F. J. S. Moore, F. A. Rose, A. J. K. Thompson. 

Lacrosse Club. 

Lacrosse in Cambridge is at present in a flourishing con- 
dition, and is particularly well supported in St John's, though 
we should like to see a few more recruits from the ranks of 
those likely to remain in residence for some time. In the 
'Varsity first team five Johnians have been playing regularly, 
J. Lupton, E. J. Keflford, W. Raw, E. E. Prcst, and W. J. 

The following have represented the College in the 'Varsity 
second team :— F. D. Patch. W. Bull, A. M. C. Field, H. L. 
Gregory, C. A. Palmer, W. K. Wills. 

On November 21 a College team played against the rest of 
the 'Varsity, and a very good game resulted in a draw, each 
side scoring two goals. 

We are looking forward to several good matches next term« 

Fives Club. 

President—Mi H. R. Tottenham. Captain^'L, Horton-Smith. SecreU 
afy^A, J. Tait. Treasurer— C, R. McKee. Committee— Mr Harker, 
J. Lnpton, A. B. Maclachlan, G. W. Poynder, 

The Club has had a very successful term, playing three 
matches under Rugby Rules and winning each of them very 

We beat Selwyn by 125 points to 80, Old Merchant Taylors 
by 129 to 65, Clare by 143 to 77. 

The four is as follows : — L. Horton-Smith, J. Lupton, A. B, 
Maclachlan, A. J. Tait. 

C. R. McKee also played in one match. 

Debating Society. 

President^K, K. B. Yusuf-Ali. Vice-President— "R, S. Dower. 
Treasurer— VI, B. Allan. Secretary— Vi, H. Davies. CommitUe—K, J. K, 
Thompson, J. F. Skrimshire. 

The debates for the term have been as follows . 

Oct, 21 — "That this House approves of the Payment of 
Members of Parliament." Proposed by W. B. Allan, opposed 
by E. H. Coleman. Lost by casting vote, 20 to 20. 

Our Chronicli. 107 

Oct. 28 — ''That this House strongly censures the conduct of 
the miners in the recent Coal-strike." Proposed by A. J. K. 
Thompson, opposed by R. O. P. Taylor. Carried by 20 to 8. 

Nov, 4 — No debate — owing to College Popular Concert. 

Nov. II — Impromptu. 

Nov, 18 — " That Conservatism is the true basis of Socialism." 
Proposed by J. H. B. Masterman, opposed by Peter Green. 
Carried by 18 to 13. 

Nov. 25— "That in the opinion of this House to be Uncon- 
ventional is to be Reasonable." Proposed by H. H. Davies, 
opposed by J. F. Skrimshire. Carried by 13 to 6. 

Dec, 2 — "That this House considers the present Session of 
Parliament to be one of the most glorious in the history of the 
century." Proposed by A. K. B. Yusuf-Ali, opposed by R. W. 
Tate, Lost by 9 to 24. 

Many freshmen have made their dS5u/ and give promise of 
successful debates in future. 

Among our visitors have been the President and Vice- 
President of the Union, and Mr Binning of Downing. 

The average attendance for the term has been about 40. 

Musical Society. 

president — Dr Sandys. Treasurer — Rev A. J. Stevens. Secretary — 
J. M. Hardwich. Assistant Secretary— -¥, G. Cole. Committee— Vf , R. 
Elliott, C. T. Powell, W. H. Bonsey. 

The term has been on the whole a success ; the concerts 
were attended in greater numbers than was the case last year; 
the Freshmen have contributed quite their quota to the Society, 
and a certain amount of new talent has been discovered. 

The Society had the honour of giving the first of the Saturday 
Popular Concerts in the Guildhall on November 4 ; Mr Ward 
kindlv consented to take the chair. The concert went off with- 
out any hitch ; but the effect of the Part-Sjngs was quite spoilt 
by some of the audience seated in the Orchestra, who however 
happily were not members of the College. We have to thank 
Mr Hamilton for the help he gave us, and we are much indebted 
to six of the choir-boys, who sang under the supervision of 
Mr Lister, the choir-master. 

Three Smoking Concerts were given during the term. At 
the first, October 30, Mr Baker took the chair. Mr Eltringham, 
of Trinity College, was given an enthusiastic encore for his 
Banjo Solo: H. Reeve made his first appearance as a tenor 
with Molloy's " Fame the Fiddler." The second was held on 
Monday, November 13, Mr Sikes acting as chairman. For 

io8 Our Chronicle. 

the large attendance, enthusiastic encores, wealth of "floral 
tribute," and jokes from the Chair, the concert was quite one of 
the best that have been given for some time past ; six items 
were encored; A. J. Chotzner's comic songs were the feature of 
the evening. On November 27 the third concert was given. 
Mr Glover kindly officiated as chairman. The visitor on this 
evening was Mr Fitzgerald of Trinity College, who sang Irish 
songs and was encored three times. Seven out of the fourteen 
items on the programme were encored. The monotony of solos 
which usually prevails was in this case varied by two duetts for 
the piano, one for the voice, a trio, and a quartette. We hope 
that the efforts of the Society will be as well supported next 
term, and that the number of subscribers from the second and 
third years will be increased. 

Theological Society. 

President— O. S. Osborn. Ex-President— K, R. R. Hutton B.A. 
Treasurer — G. Watkinson. Secretary — R. O. P. Taylor. Committee — 
G. G. Pearson and W. H. Ashton. 

Four papers have been read before the Society this term : 

OcL 27— "The Infailibity of the Church." by A. R. R. 
Hutton. New, 3—" S. Francis of Assisi," by R. O. P. Taylor. 
j^oy, io~"The Eschatology of St Paul," by Prof Stanton. 
Nov, 17 — "The Supernatural in Creation," by the Rev R. 
Hudson of Selwyn. % 

The discussion following the reading of the paper has 
become a much more prominent feature of the meeting. 
Whereas it often used to be a mere duet, now almost every 
member takes some share in it. 

The alterations of the rules so as to admit men who intend 
to take Holy Orders, even though they are not taking the 
Theological Tripos or Special, has resulted even more happily 
than was expected, and has raised both the numbers and the 
character of the Society. 

A grateful Secretary has also to record the abolition of the 
custom of inserting an abstract of each paper in the minutes, 
which has always caused great wear and tear of the minds and 
patience of all concerned. 

The Social Meeting is expected to take place on December 7 
in G. Watkinson's rooms. 

4TH (Camb. Univ.) Volunteer Battalion The Suffolk 

After a career of usefulness extending over 30 years, B Com- 
pany's muster roll Lad through one cause or another been 
allowed to relapse into single figures. However, ** the night is 
darkest before the dawn," and though our night was dark 
indeed, the dawn has certainly come up like thunder out of the 

Our Chronicle. 109 

patriotic section of the College. In looking for materials from 
which to start the rebuilding of a College company which should 
be a credit, not a disgrace, the immediate suggestion was to 
approach that club which is, from its nature and its tasks, the^ 
most patriotic of all Clubs, the Lady Margaret Boat Club. The 
response to the appeal was instantaneous and decisive. We 
have now on our roll a very creditable collection of men, many 
of whom are prominent athletes, while all strive to be. More- 
over we can safely boast that there is goodwill throughout and 
a thorough determination to work together. With a prospect 
like this there is nothing to fear. There is only left the pleasant 
task of thanking all who have come forward in the emergency, 
in particular the First Captain, our future oflScer, whose energy 
has been all-powerful. It has been decided that the Company 
Cup shall be shot for by this year's recruits. We wish the new 
company a speedy and unqualified success. 


The 50 miles Road Race of the C.U.Bi.C. was won on 
Oct. 28th by Mr G. T. Bennett, late Fellow of the College and at 
present Fellow of Emmanuel. In 1891 Mr Bennett came in 
third in this race, in 1892 he was only beaten by a few feet, this 
year he won the race by about half a mile in the fastest time yet 
recorded, viz. 3 hrs 1 min. It will be remembered that Mr 
Bennett's predecessor as a Johnian Senior Wrangler, Mr W. M. 
Orr, was also a distinguished bicyclist. 

College Mission in Walworth. 

Since last June several changes have taken place at the 
Mission, and especially serious is the fact that the Mission staff 
is now unavoidably reduced to two, Mr E. B. Ward having left 
for a parish in Yorkshire, since the expiration of the Bishop of 
Winchester's grant, promised for three years. We wish him 
great success in his new sphere of work. 

During the Long Vacation a cricket team from Walworth 
visited Cambridge, and greatly enjoyed their Bank Holiday. 

Mr Phillips visited the College at the commencement of this 
term, and Mr Wallis paid a visit to speak at the meeting in 
Lecture Room VI, at which the Master took the chair, and 
Dr Watson, Mr Wallis, Dr Sandys, and W. J. Leigh Phillips ad- 
dressed the assembled subscribers. 

The Harvest Festival in Walworth was well amended. The 
sermon was preached by the Bishop of Marlborough, and 
altogether about foity past and present Johnians attended the 

A good article, with engravings, on the College Mission- 

no Our Chronicle. 

appeared lately in an issue of the Illustrated Church News. 
Copies may still be obtained from the Senior or Junior 

The Committee was much pleased to receive lately the sum 
of five guineas from a former Fellow, being the fee for services 
rendered to the College, which he begged to forward to the sick 
and poor fund, at this season of the year particularly needing 
liberal replenishment. 

Long Vacation Lawn Tennis Club. 

Captain--^. Lupton. Secretary— B. J. C. Warren. Treasurer— "F , ViDy. 

In some respects the tennis in the Long Vacation was 
a failure, but some distinctly creditable things were achieved. 
The list of matches was very irregular; and though this 
was due simply to the reason that several Colleges had no 
teams, it was none the less irritating. Fifteen matches were 
arranged in all, of which four were against Trinity. Five 
matches were scratched to us, and of the rest we won five and 
lost five ; our wins were against Pembroke 9 — o, The Hall 9 — 0, 
The Town 7 — 2, St. Ives 7 — 2, and Downing 5 — o ; we were 
beaten by Trinity 3 — 6, 1 — 8, 4 — 5, and by The Town 3 — 5. 
The fourth match against Trinity was practically abandoned 
owing to the rain. 

The return of P. F. Barton to the team strengthened it 
enormously, and it was due to him that our first pair beat 
Ransome and Scott, the Trinity half-blues, undoubtedly their 
best performance during the Long. 

On paper we were a very strong team, but the paucity of 
matches prevented the team becoming as good as it might have 
become with more practice. C. H. Blomfield, an old colour- 
man, came up half-way through the Vacation and was naturally 
included in the team. 

Those photographed finally were P. F. Barton, J. Lupton, 
B. J. C. Warren, F. ViUy, C. H. Blomfield, W. J. S. Bythell, 
and S. W. Newling. 

Skrimshire and A. J. Tait also played several times for the 

JoHNiAN Dinner* 

It is proposed to hold this dinner in 1 894, as in previous 
years, in London, probably on the night before the Boat Race. 
Many fresh promises of support have been received. It will 
facilitate the arrangements if the names of those who are likely 
to attend could be sent to any of the following: R. F. Scott 
(St John's College), R. H. Forster (23 Members Mansions, 
Victoria Street, London, S.W.), E. Prescott (76 Cambridge 
Terrace, London, W.) 


^ Th€ asterisk denotes past or present Members of ike College. 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Midsummer 1893. 


Macfarlane (Alex.) The Imaginary of Algebra, 
being a continuation of the Paper •* Rinci- 
plcs of the Algebra of Physics." 8to. 
Salem, Mass. 1892 

The Fundamental Theorems of Analysis 

generalized for Space. 8vo. Boston, U.S.A. 


^Sprague (T. B.). A new Algebra, by means 
of which Permutations can be transformed 
in a variety of ways.. [Reprinted from 
Trans. Roy. Soc. of Edinburgh, voL xxxvii.] 
4to. Edin. 1893 

•Domett (Alfred). Flotsam and Tetsam : 
Rhymes old and new. 8vo. Lond. 1877. 

_ 4-37-53 

•Churchill (C). The Prophecy of Famine : A 
Scots Pastoral. 5th Edition. 4to. Lond. 

^Xaing (Samuel). Notes of a Trayeller on the 
Social and Political State of France, 
Prussia, Switzerland, Italy.. ..during the 
present Century. 2nd Edition. 8vo. 
Lond. 1842. 1.36.8 y 

Otwy SfAvpvalov : Twy Kara fAadfifiariKtjv xptifri->. 
fitȴ eU Ti)V Tou nXarcavov dvdyymaip. 
With translation into French by J. Dupuis. 
Epilogue : Le Nombre de Platon. 8vo. 
Paris, 1892. 7.26.14 

Salvioli (C). Teoria e Pratica del Giuoco 
degli Scacchi. 4 Tom (in 2). 4to. Vene- 
zia, 1885.88. 10. 13.40, 41 

Komer (Thcodor). Sammtliche Werkc. He- 
rausg. von Karl Streckfuss. 4 Bde. i2mo, 
Berlin, 1838. 8.31. 15-18 

Cook (William). Synopsis of the Chess Open- 
ings. 2nd Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1876 .. .• 

Iforphy (Paul). Morphy's Games of Chess. 
With Notes by J. Lowenthal. 8vo, Lond. 
1886. 10.13.69 

Krause (A.). Kant and Hdmholtz uber den 
Ursprung und die Bedeutung der Rauman- 
schauung und der geometnschen Aziome. 
4to. Lahr, 1878. 3.42,30 ••••••••,. 


Dr D. MacAlister. 

Mr Pendlebury, 

112 The Library. 


Stamma (Sir Philippe). NouTclle Manicre dc ) 

jouer aux Echecs. 8vo. Utrechtj 1777. | Mr Pendlebury. 

KK.11.35 ) 

Aristotle. Constitution of Athens. A revised 

text with an Introduction, critical, and ex- | 

planatory notes, testimonia, and indices by > The Editor. 

John Edwin Sandys.' 8^o. Lond. 1893. ) 


*Laing (Samuel), junr. National Distress: its} 

causes and remedies. 8vo. Lond. 1844. | Mr H. S. Foxwell. 

1.36.4s ) 

Wallace (Wilfred), D.D. Life of St. Edmund \ 

of Canterbury from original Sources. 8to. > The Librarian. 

Lond. 1893. 9.18.36 ....•• ) 

•Kennion (R. W.). Unity and Order the J 

Handmaids of Truth. 2nd Edition. 8to. | Professor Mayor. 

Lond. 1892. 1 1. 18.40 ) 


Aristophanes. Edidit F. H. M. Blaydes. Pars. XL Vespae, 8vo.' Halls 

Saxonum, 1893. 7-18.44. 
Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Proceedings and Communications, 1890-91. 

8vo. Cambridge, 1892. 
Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinoram. Vol. XXVII. Lactantius. 

8vo. Vindobonae, 1893. 
Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sidney Lee. Vol. XXXIV. 

[Hwyd-Maccartney]. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 7.4.34. 
Dictionary (New English) on Historical Principles. Edited by J. A. H. 

Murray. Part VII. Consignificant-Crouching. fol. Oxford, 1893. 

Library Table. 
Eariy English Text Society. William, Archbishop of Tyre. Godeffroy of 

Bologne, or the Siege and Conqueste of Jerusalem. Trans, by Wm. 

Caxton in 148 1. Edited by Mary N. Colvin. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 
Henry Bradshaw Society. Vol. III. The Martiloge in Englysshe afler the ust 

of the Chirche of Salisbury. . . . Printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1526. 

Edited by F. Procter and E. S. Dewick. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 1 1. 16.43. 
Lane (Edward Wm.). An Arabic-English Lexicon. Book I. Part viii. 

1893. 7.1.36. 
Mascart (E.). Traits d'Optique. Tome III. Fasc. ii. 8to. Paris, 1893. 
Ostwald (Dr Wilh.). Lehrbuch der allgemeinen Chemie. II Band, i Teil. 

2 Halfte. 8vo. Leipzig, 1893. 
Plant us. Comoediae. Kecens. F. Ritschelius. Tom. IV. Fasc. iv. Mos* 

teUaria, 1893. 
Scholia Terentiana. CoUegit et disposuit Fred. Schlee. Teubmr Text, Svo. 

Lipsiae, 1893. 
Shad well (C. L.) Registnim Orielense : an Account of the Members of 

Oriel College, Oxford. Vol. I. 1500- 1700. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 5.26.26. 
Symonds (John A.). Studies of the Greek Poets. 3rd Edition. 2 vols. 

8vo. Lond. 1893. 7-31 -36, 37- 
Westminster School Register from 1764 to 1883. Compiled and edited by 

G. F. R. Barker and Alan H. Stenning. 8vo. Lond. 1892. 5.27.57. 

The Library. 


Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Michaelmas 1893. 



•Scadding (Rev Henry), D.D. Occasional) 
Brochures. 8vo. Toronto, 1846-92. 10.31.65/ 

Arcbimedes von Spakus. Vorhandene Werke. 
Uebersetzt von Ernst Nizze. 4to. Stralsund, 
1824. Kk. 6.11 

Saetonios. Lives of the Twelve First Roman 
Emperors. With a free Translation by 
John Clarke.* 3rd Edition. 8vo. Lond. 
1761. AA.2.59 

•Henley (John), Orator. MS. Notes of his 
Lectures on the Origin of Masques and 
Camevols. Sm. 4to. 1752. MS.O.53 .. 

India. General Reports on the Operations of 

The Author. 

Professor Mayor. 

Mr H. S. Foxwell. 

the Survey of India Department. . . .during 
1889-90, 1890-91. fol. Calcutta, 1891-92. 

6.1 , 

Bidder (Rev H. J.). A Sermon in Memoriam : 
Charles Pritchard,« D.D. 8vo. Oxford, 

Professor C. C. Babington. 

Mr Ward. 

Bible Fran^se (La) au moyen Age. ^tudei 

snr les plus anciennes versions de la Bible 

^crites en prose de Langue d'Oil, par 

Samuel Berger. 8vo. Paris, 1884. 9.6.6 . . 
Nouveaa Testament (Le) Provencal de L^on. 

Reproduction Photolithographique. Irub- Dr Sandys. 

li^ par L. Cl^at. 8vo. Paris, 1888. 


Herder (Job. Gott. von). Sammtliche Werke. 

60 Bde. (in 30). i2mo. Stuttgart, 1827- 

30. 8.31. 19-48 

Loewinson-Lessing (F.). Tables for the Deter- ' 

mination of the Rock- Forming Minerals. 

Translated from the Russian by J. W. 

Gregory. With a Chapter on the Petro- 

logical Microscope by Prof. Granville A. J. 

Cole. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 3.26.24 ^ Dr D. MacAlister. 

Weld (L. G.). A short Course in the Theory 

of Determinants. 8vo. Lond. 1893." 3.31.22 
Harkness (James) and F. Morley. A Treatise 

on the Theory of Functions. 8vo. Lond. 

1893- 3-30" t 


1 1 4 The Library. 


Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by ^dney Lee. Vol. XXXV. 

(MacCarwellMaltby). 8vo. Lond. 1893. 7.4.35. 
Foster (John). Oxford Men and their Colleges. 4to. Oxford, 1893. 540.25. 

Oxford Men, 1880-92. 4to. Oxford, 1893. 5.40.24. 

Hatch (Edwin) and H. A. Redpath. A Concordance to the Septaagint. 

(Part II.) 7-tiro4ifot. 410. Oxford, 1893. Library Table, 
Henninjard (A. L.). Correspond ance des Reformateun dans les Pa3rs de 

Langue Franyaise. Tome VIII. [1542 i 1543]. 8vo. Gen^ye, 1893. 

Index to the English Catalogue of Books. Vol. IV. Jan. 188 1 to Dec. 1889. 

8vo. Lond. 1893. Go. 11. 54. 
Journal of Hellenic Studies. Supplementary Papers. No. i, ExcaTations at 

Megalopolis, 1890-91. No. 2, Ecclesiasucal Sites in Isauria (Cilicia 

Trachea). By A. C. Headlam. fol. Lond. 1892. Library Table, 
Palaeographical Society. Facsimiles of Ancient MSS. &c. Second Series. 

Part IX. Edited by E. M. Thomson and G. F. Warner, fol. Lond. 

1892. Bb. 
Poincar^ (H.). Les M^thodes noavelles de la M6caniqae cfleste. Tom. II. 

2me Fasc. {Hockin Fund}, 8vo. Paris, 1893. 
Spencer (Herbert). The Principles of Ethics. Vol. II. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 

Texts and Studies. Vol. II. No. 3. Apocrypha Anecdota, by M. R. James. 

8vo. Cambridge, 1893. 
•Whytehead (Thomas). Poems, iimo. Lond. 1842. 4.40.35. 


(*) D*H0it9 iJU Mtmbtn of tkt CommitUt. (t) LaU Aigmbtn o/ihg CommitU: 

Small Capitals dtnoU Subscribers for five years ; the Term in which ths 
Subscription ends is given in brackets, 

flhe Reverend Chaales Taylor, D.D., Master (Eiaster 1897). 

The Reverend Pstcr Hamnett Maso:«, M.A., President (Easter 1896). 

Fellews of the College and Masters of Arts : 

t Abbott, Rev. E. A., 

D.D. (£. 1898) 
Acton, E. H. 
Adams, Prof. W. G., 

8C.D., P.B.8. 

Agnkw, W.L. E.(M/95) 
Ali.en,F. J.,M.B. (E. *9S) 
Andrews, E.Cm b.c.,m.r. 
Akstice, Rev. J. B. (E. 

Anthony, E. A. 
JUinitage, H. R. 
Atherton, Rev. E. E. 
JBabington, Prof. C. C, 


Badbam, W. A. 
Baily, F. G. (E. 1897) 
Bally, W. (E. 1898) 
Bain, late Rev. D. 
Baker, H. F. 
.Banfaam.H. French, ic.i>. 
Bai low. Rev. H. T. E. 
fBARLOW, Rev. W. H. 

(E. 1894) 
Barmks, Rev. J. S. (E. 

Barnicott, Rev. O. R., 

X.L.M. (E. 1896) 

Baron, E. 

Bateman, Rev. J. F. 
Bateson, W. 
Bayard, F. C. 
Baylis, Philip, ll.m. 

(£. 1896) 
Beaumont, Rev. J. A. 
Bennett, Rev. W. H. 
Bennett, G. T., b.a. 
Besant, W. H., io.d., 

Best, G. A. H. 
tBevan, Rev. H. E. J. 
Blows, S. 

Body, Rev. C. W. E. 
BONNEY, Rev. T. G., 

■CD., B.l>., 7.O.8., 7.8.A., 
F.&.8. (E. 1894) 

tBowling, Rev. E. W. 
Bradford, H. M. 
Brindley, H. H. 
Brill, J. 

3RQ0KS, E. J. (E. 1895) 
Brown, P H., ll.m. 
Brownbill, J. 

Bkumrll, Rev. E., b.u. 

(M. 1806) 
Bryan, Rev. W. A. 
Bumett. Rev. R. P. 
Eusbe-Fos, L. H. K.. 


tBusheJl, Rev. W. D. 
Butter worth, J. H., ll.u. 
tCaldecott, Rev. A. 
Callis, Rsv. a. W. (E. 

Cari-uael, C. (E. 1897) 
Carpmacl, E. (E. '95) 
Chad wick, Rev. R. 
Clark, Prof. E. C, ll.d. 

(E. 1894) 
Clarke, E. T. 
Claike, Rev. H. L. 
Cleave, Pvcv. P. R. 
Colson, Rev. Canon C. 
CoLiON, F.H. (E. 189O) 
Coombes, Rev. G. F. 
CooMBES, Rev. H. E. H. 

(E. 1894) 
Cooper, Rev. C. E. (E. 

Couilney,Rt. Hon. L. H. 
Covington, Rev. W. 
Cox, Rev. W. A. 
Creswell, Rev. S. F., 


Cummings, Rev. C. E. 


(E. 1892) 
Darlington, T. 
Denton, Rev. Canon J. 
DiBDiN,L.T.(M. 1896) 
Eardley, W. 
E ASTON, Rev. J. G. 

(E. 1898) 
Evpns, F. P., if.B., B.C. 
Exeter, Very Rev. the 

Dean of 
Fane, W. B. (1898) 
Field, Rev. A.T.(E.'96) 
Fisher, E. 

Flktcher,W. C.(E.*97) 
Flux, A. W. (E. 1895) 
Forster, G. B. (E. '98) 
Forster, R. H. (E. *95) 
FoxwKLL, E. E. (E. '97) 
tFoxwELL,H. S.(E. *96) 

Francis, Rev. F. H. 
Free><an, Rev. A. (E. 

Fkosi, Rev. C. C. 
Gai nett, W., d c.l. 



GL0TSR,L. G , M.B., B.O. 

(E. 1896) 
Glover, T. R , b.a. 
Goodman, R. N., m.d. 
tGRAViiS, Rev. C. E. 

(E. 1893) 
Green, Rev. E. K. 
Green, G. E. 
Greenhill, a. G. (E. 

Greknstrset, W. T. 

Green OP, Rev. A. W. 

(L. 189S) 
Grenfell. J. S. G. 
Gwatkin, Rev. Prof. 

H. M. 
Gwatkin, Rev. T. (E. 

tHankin, E. H. 
Hanmer, Rev. H. 
Hannam, Rev. W. R. 
Marker, A. (E. 1898) 
Harkkr, Rev. G. J. T, 

(M. 1894) 
Harnett, Rev. F. R. 
Hart, S. L., (E. 

Hart, Rev. W., ll.d. 

(E. C898) 
Hartley, H. W. 
Hartley, J., ll.d. 
Hartley, Rev. T. P. 
Haslam, F. W.C.(E.'95) 
Haworth, Rev. T. W. 
tHeath, C. H. (E. '96) 
HeitlandW. E.(E.'97) 
HENDHR.SON, T. (E. *97) 
Henry, C. D. 
Hereford, Right Rev. 

Lord Bishop of, d.d. 
Herring, Rev. J. 
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tHiEiiN,W.P.(E. 1896) 
Hilary, H. (E. 1895) 


List of Subscribers. 

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HiU. A. 

Hill, Rev. E., f.o.b. 

(E. 1896) 
HUl. F. W. 
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Hogg, R. W. (E. '98) 
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M.B. B.O. (E. 1895) 


tHuDSON, Prof. W. H. 

H., LL.if. (E. X896) 
Hiffe, J. w. 
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Jackson, Rev. A. 
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(E. 1895) 
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KERLY, D. M., LL.B. 

(E. 1898) 
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H. D.D. 

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Larmor, J., F.R.S. (E. 

fLee, W.T. 
Lewis, C. E. M. 
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P.8.A. (E. X894) 

Ley, Rev. A. B. M. 
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p.iLS. (E. 1895) 
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Lloyd, J. H. (E. 1896) 
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Locke, F. S. 
Love, A. E. H. 
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F.R.0 p. 
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H. (E. 1896) 
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P.R.A.5. (E. 1896) 
PhUlips. R. W. 
Picken, Rev. W. S. (E. 

Pierpoint, Rev. R. D. 
Pieters,Rev.J.W., B.D. 

PoRTBURY, Rev. H. a. 

(M. 1895) 
Powell, Sir F. S., Bart. 
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Radcliffe, H. 
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Rapson, E. J. 
fRaynor, Rev. A. G. S. 
Read, H. N. 
Rendle, A. B. 


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F. (E. 1894) 

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(E. 1894) 
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Scott, R. F. (E. 1896) 
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ToRRY, Rev. A. F. (E, 

fTottenham, II. R, 

Ltsi of Subscribers, 


Fellows of the College and Masters of Arts — continued. 

Underwood, Rev. C. 

W. (E. 1894) 
Vangban, M. 
Vincy, Rev. R. 
fWACE, late F. C, LL.K. 

(E. 1897) 
Walker, Rev. D. 
Ward, Rev. E. B. 
Warden, Rev. W. (E. 

Watson, Rev. Fred., d.d 
Watson, Frank 

ABRAHA3C, W. (E. '96) 
Alexander, J. [. 
Appleford, H. H. 
Atlay, Rev. G. W. 
Atmore, W. A. 
Baines, A. 
Baines, T. 
Bairstow, J. 
Baker, Rev. S. ۥ 
Baldwin, A. B. 
Barton, P. F. 
Bender, A. P. 
Bennett, N. G. 
Bennett, H. M. 
Benthall, H. E. 
Benthall, Rev. W. L. 
Binns, A. J. 
tBlackett, J. P. M. 
Blomfield, C. H. 
Bone, P. 
Briggs, Q. F. 
Broatch, J. 
Brooke, A. 
Brown, H. 
Brown, W. 
Brown, W. L. 
Bniton, F. A. 
Bachanan, G. B« 
Bumsted, H. J. 
Bum, J. G., LL.B. 
Burnett, L. B. 
BytheU, W. J. S. 
tCameron, J. A. 
Cameron, W. E. 
Carlisle, H. D. 
tCamegy, Rev. F. W, 
Chadwick, Rev. A. (E. 

Chambers, E. A. 
Chaplin, T. H. A. m.d. 
Chaplin, W.H.(E. '96) 
Clark, J. R. J. 
Clark, W. 

Watson, T. 
Webb, R. R. 
Weldon, W. F. 

F.R.8. (E. 1895) 

tWhitaker, Rev. G. 
Whit WORTH, Rev. 
A. (E. 1894) 

Willington, Rev. F. 
fWiLKiNS, Prof. A. 

LITT.D. (E. 1896) 

Wilkinson, Rev. G. 







Bachelors of Arts : 

Coe, C. H. 
Cole, A. B. F. 
Cole, Rev. J. W, 
Collison, C. 
CoUison, H. 
CoLMAN, J. (E. 1896) 
Colson, Rev. J, 
Corbctt, W. A. 
Cordeaux, H. E. S. 
Corder, Rev. B. J. 
Cox, H. S. 
Craggs, E. H. 
Crompton, J. B. 
CUBHT, S. H. (E. *98) 
Cuff, A. W. 
Cummings, R. R. 
Cuthbertson, F. E. L. 
Dale, J. B. 

De Wend, W. F., LL.B. 
Dewsbury, F., ll.b. 
Dinnis, F. R. 


(E. 1897) 
Douglas, C. E. 
Drake, H. 
Drysdals, J. H., K.B., 

B.C. (E. 1896} 
D'Souza, F. H., ll.b, 
Du Heaume, J. Le G. 
Earlc, A. 

Eastwood, Rev, C. J. 
Edmunds, L. H. 
Edwards, C. D. 
Elliott, A. E. 
Elliott, W. R. 
England, J. M. 
EWBANK, A. (E. 1894) 
Fagan, P. J. 
Field. A. P. C. 
Field, F. G. E. 
Fisher, Rev. R, 
Foxley, A. 
Francis, H. A., m.b., b.c. 

Wilkinson, Rev. J. F. 

(E. 1898) 
Williams, A. (E. '95) 
Wilson, W.S.(E.»93) 
WiNSTONK, E. H. (E. 

Wiseman, Rev. H. J. 
Wright, Rev. F. P. 
Wright, R. T. 
Wood, Rev. W. S. 
tYeld, Rev. C. 
Yeo, J. S. (E. '98) 

Eraser, H. W. 
Frossard, D. E. 
Gaddum, F. D. (E. '96) 
Garcia, Rev. G. H. R. 
Garner-Richards, C. C. 
Gatty, Rev. E. P. 
Giles, A. L. 
Gillespie, J. J., ll.b. 
Given-Wilson, Rev. F.G. 
Gladstone, A. F. 
Glover, F. B. (E. '95) 
Godson, F. a. 
Godwin, Rev. C. H. S. 
Goodman, H. C. 
Gorst, E. L. le F. F. 
Gray, C. F. 
Green, P. 
Groom, T. T. 
Hackwood, C. 
Hall. R. R. 
Halsted, C. E. 
Hamilton, J. A. G. 
Harding, R. B. 
Hardwick, J. H. 
Harper, W. N. 
Harries, G, H. 
Harris, W. 
Haydon, T. E 
Henderson, E. E, 
Heron, R C. 
Hessey, F. D. 
Hewitt, J. T. 
Hill, H. H. L. (E. '94) 
Holmes, H. 
Hooton. Rev. W. S. 
*Horton-Smith, L.(E. 

Hough, S. S. 
House, S. T. 
HowARTH, C. (E. '97) 
Hudson, E. C. 
Humphries, S. 
Hutton, A. R. R. 


List of Subscribers. 

Bachelors of Arts^eontintad : 

Hulton, W. B. 
Inaba, M. N. 
Jackson, Or. C. 
Jackson, R. £. 
Jackson, T. L. 
Jefferis, W. H., ll.b, 
Jones, Rev. G. (£.'91) 
Jones, H. G. T. 
Jones, W. D. 
Joyce, G. R. 
Kent, W. A. 
Kerslake, Rev. E. K. 
Kilburn, G. H. 
King, J. G. 
King, T. P. 
Kingsford, P. A. 
Kingsford, R. L. 
Kitchin, F. L. 
Lambert, S. H. A., 

M.B., B C. 

Laming, W. C* 
Langmore, H. R. 
Leatlies, H. M. 
Lees, Rev. H. C. 
Le Sueur, W. R. 
Lewis, F. H., m.b., b.c. 
Lewis, H. S. 
Lewis, W. R. 
tLong, B. 
Long, H. E. 
Longman, G. 
LUPTON, J. (E. 1896) 
Lord, C. C. 
Macalister, R. A. S. 
Mackinnon, F. A. 
Mainer, £. 

Marshall, E.N.(E.'94) 
Mason; Rev. M. H. H. 
Mason, Rev. H. E. 
fMasterman, J. H. B. 
Maw, W. N. 
Mayers, F. N. 
Millard, A. C. (E. '93) 
Monro, A. E. 
Moore, Rev. C. 
Moore, P. L. 
Morton, W. B. 
Moss-BIundell, H. S. 
Mundahl, H. S., LL.B. 
Mundella, V. A. 
Newbery, Rev. F. C. 
JNewton, J. H. 

NichoU, Rev. L. H. 
Nicklin. T. 
Noaks, B. 

Nunn, H. 
Ogilvie, A. F. 
Orgill, W. L. 
Palmer, Rev. J. J. B. 

(E. 1895) 
Payne, W. M. 
Pegg. J. H. 
Pennington, A. R. 
Perkins, A. B. 
Phillips, Rev. C. T. 
Pitkin, A. J. 
Pope, Rev. R. M. 
Powys, Rev. G. F. 
Prescott, E. 
Radford, Rev. L. B. 
Rae, F. L. 
Raven, C. O. 
Ray, C. E. 
Reeves, J. H. 
Reid, S. B. 
Rice, C. M. 
Richards, H. T. 
Roberts, Rev. A. S. 
Roberts, J. H. 

(E. 1895) 
Robertson, C. 
Robinson, Rev. J. 
Rosenberg, G. F. J. 
Roughton, H. 
Sainsbury, a. J. (E. 

Sandall,T. E. {E.*96) 
Sanders, R. L. 
Sanger, J. 

Sapsworth, C. (E. '96) 
Sargent, H. 
Seccombe, P. J. A. 
Shaw, P. E. 
Simpson, H., m.b., b.o. 
Skene, W. H. 
Smallpeice, Rev. G. 
Smith, A. £. 
Smith, E. W. 
Smith, F. M. 
Smith, Rev. G. H. 

Smith, Rev. P. G. 
Smith, R. T. 
Smith, Rev, T. 
Smith, Tunstall (E. 

Speight, H., LL.B. 
Standring, T. M. 
Stanwell, H. B. 
Stone, W. A. 
Stowell, R. 
Stroud, F. R. 
Sznroowski, H. 
Teape, Rev. W. M. 
Teltord, Rev. J. A. 
Tetley, A. S. 
Thomas, L. W. 
Tovey, C. H. 
tTurner, G. J. 
Turner, D. M. 
Villy, F. 
Waite, T. 
Waldon, W. 
Walker, B. P. 
WaUer, Rev. C. C. 
WaUis, Rev. A. T. 
Walsh. F. A. H. 
Ward, Rev. G. W. C. 

(E. 1895) 
Warner, G. F. 
Way, C. P. 
Whipple. A. H. 
White, Rev. G. D. 
Wihl, O. M., LL.B. 
Wilcox, H. 
Wilkins, A. N. 
WiUcocks, H. S. 
Williamson, H. 
Willis, Rev. W. N. 

(E. 1897) 
Wills, B. R. 
tWiUson, St. J. B. W. 
Wilson, A. J. 
Wilson, W. C. 
t Windsor, J., ll.b. 

Wrangham, W. G. 
Wright, W. F. 

Lisi of Subscribers. 


Alcock, A. F. 
AUan, W. B. 
Andrews, H. C. 
AngcU, C. C. 
Aston, W. F. 
Ashton. W. H. 
Baily G. G. (E. 1898) 
Bartoing, A. 
Bemrose, H. C. 
BenweU, E. J. H. 
Blackman, S. S. F. 
Blair, G. 
Blyth, M. W. 
Body, L. A. 
Bojiscy, W. H. 
BoTcfaardt, W. G. 
Brincker, J. A. H. 
Brock, T. A. 
Bromwich, T. J. I' A. 
Brown, H. H. 
Brown, W. C. 
Buchanan, A. E. 
BuUcr, A. G. 
Byles, C. E. 
Cameron, A. P. 
Captain, N.M. 
Carey, W. M. 
Carter, F. W. 
Catling, H. D. 
Chotzner, J. A. 
Cleworth, J. (E. *97) 
Coleman, £. H. 
Coore, A. 
Daries, H. H. 
DaTis, A. J. 
Davis, C. N. T. 

Dearden, G. A. 
dc Castro, J. P. 
Desmond, G. G. 
Devenish, H. N. 
Doherty, W. A. 
Dore, S. E. 
Dower, R. S. 
Eagles, E. M. 
Ealand, A. F. 
Ealand, E. 
Earl, E. A. 
Edmunds, C. 
EUis, C. C. 
Emslie, H. H. 
England, A. C. 
Evans, H. D. 
Falcon, W. 
Fearnlqr, P. H. 
Field, A. M. C. 
Fielding, C. C. 
Fox. W. J. 
Gardiner, H. A. P. 
Garrood, J. R. 
Gaskell, W. 
Geen, W. 

F. L. 

;on, C. £• 

Undergraduates : 

Golby, W. A. 
GoultoD, J. 

Gregory, H. L. (E. '96) 
Gruber, P. O. 
Gruning. J. F. 
Gunn, H. O. 
Hadland, R. P. 
Hardwich, J. M. 

(E. '97) 
Hare, C. F. 
Hart, S. G. 
Hatton. C. O. S. 
Hay, Ti 
Hewett, A. S. 
Hibbert-Ware, G. 
HOARE, H. J. (E. '98) 
Hole, J. R. 
Horton-Smith, R. T. 

(E. 1896; 
Hoyle, ; " 
Hunter, Dr W. 
Inchley, O. 
Jackson, E. W. 
Jenkin, A. M. 
Jones, E. H. 
Jones, H. P. 
Keflford, E. J. 
Kempt, G. D. 
Kendall, E. A. 
Key, S. W. 
Kidd, A. S. 
Killey, J. B. 
King, H. A. 
Knight, H. E. 
Koid, J. N. 
Lamb, W. A. 
Lane E. A. 

Langmork,A.C (E. '98) 
Leathern, J. G. 
Leftwich, C. G. 
Lewis, C. W. G. 
Lillie, C. F. 
Lord, A. E. 
Long, W. A. 
Maclachlan, A. B. 
Manby, V. B. 
McClelland, F. A. S. 
♦McDougall, W. 
McElderry, R. K. 
McKee, C. R. 
McNeile, A. P. 
*Merriman, H. A. 
Metcalfe, J. H. 
Moore, F. J. S. 
Morris, T. W. 
Muller, J. S. 
Mundahl, F. O. 
Nair, K. W. 
Nambyar, P. K. 
NewUng, S. W. 

Nicholb, F. J. 
Nicklin. J. A. 
Northcotc, J. F. 
Nutley, W. 
Orton, K. J. P. 
Osborn, G. S. 
Palmer, C. A. 
Patch, J. D. H. 
PhilHps, W. J. L. 
Powell, C. T. (E. '97) 
Prior, E. H. T. 
Pryce, H. V. 
Pugh, H. W. 
Radcliff, R. T. M. 
Raw, W. 
Reissmann, C. H. 
Rivers, C. H. 
Robinson, J. J, 
Rose, F. A. 
Russell, C. L. S. 
Rustomjee, P. H. J. 
Sandwith, H. 
•Sargent, P. W. G. 
Schroder, H. M. 
Scott, E. F. 
Sheepshanks, R. 
Sheppard, P. G. 
Sherwen, W. S. 
Skrimshire, J, F. 
Smith, V. M. 
Staley, J. A. 
Storey, E. G. 
Strickland, E. A. 
Tait. A. J. 
Tallent, J. H. 
Tapper, H. M. St C. 
Tate, R. W. 
Taylor, E. 
Taylor, R. O. P. 
Thatcher, N. 
^Thompson, A. H. 
Thompson, A. J. K. 
Tiarks, L. H. 
Tomlinson, H. 
Verrall, A. G. H. 
Vines, E. H. 
Vizard, A. E. 
Walker, A. J. 
Walker, F. W. 
Warner, W. H. 
Warren, B. J. C. 
Watkinson, G. 
Webb, C. M. 
West, W. 
Whitelcy, A. 
Whiteley. G. T. 
Whitman, H. G. 
Wilkinson, R. B. 
Wills, W. K. 
Winlaw, G. P. K. 
YusufAU, A. 


List of Subscribers. 

Subscribers beginning' with No, 102. 

Barnctt, B. L. T. 
Bcntley, H. 
Boas, W. P. 
Bonsey, R. Y. 
Brewster, T. F. 
Brislow, E. 
Clarke, K. 
Cook, S. S. 
Cooke, G. F. 
Coltam, C. E. 
Dastur, S. P. 
Davies, J. D. 
Deed, W. R. W. 
Douglas, Rev. A. H. 
Duncan, W. W. 
Edwardcs, F. E. 
Evans, C. A. M. 
Fischer, H. G. R. 
Fitt, H. S. 
Greeves, P. 
Gunn, A. H. 
Hcmmy, A. S. 

Holmes, H. T. 
Houston, W. A. 
Howard, G. H. 
Howitt, J. H. 
Jones, £. A. A. 
Keeling, C. P. 
Knapp, C. A. 
Ledgard, W. H. 
Lewis, O. R. 
Luddington, L. H. 
Lydall. F. 
Male, H. W. 
McCormick, J. G. 
Mercer, C. 
Morgan, D. J. 
Multineux, M. 
Neave, W. S. 
Orton, L. 
Parker, H. A. M. 
Percival, B. A. 
Pollard, C. 

Poyndcr, G. W. 
Ram Chandra, P. 
Reeve, H. 

Rivers, Dr W. H. R. 
Robinson, C. D. 
Robinson, H. J. 
Ross, C. H. 
Scarlin, W. J. C. 
Scoular, A. C. 
Shimield, W. S. 
Siddique, M. 
Story, A. J. 
Stoughton, J. W. 
Sumner, C. C. W. 
Taylor, E. C. 
Townsend, C. A. H. 
Turner, E. G. 
Tyler, E. A. 
Watts, H. B. 
Woffindin, H. L. 
Wood, J. A. 


It is requested that these Xists may te shown to Old 
Kemhers of the College, and that oorreotions and additions 
may be sent to Mr G. G. M. Smith, St John's College. Any 
record of a tenancy shonld give the year and term in whioh the 
tenancy begem and ended, and, if possible, the names of the 
preTlons and subsequent oooupants. 

42 etc. 

s 1842 etc. 


^ Michaelmas Term. 

c 42 etc. 

= about 1842 etc. 


= Lent Terra. 


=« admitted. 


= Easter Term. 


= right, left. 

Plan of Staircases op Nkw Court. 
H Q F I I D C B 




Arrangement of Rooms on Staircases C, D, F, Q. 
Vbrtioal Sbotion as sbbn from thb Court 











In issuing the Lists of Occnpants of Rooms in the New 
Court, I must begin by thanking the many members of the 
College who have sent me corrections and new information 
in connexion with the lists already issued. Though it is 
invidious to mention names, I must own a special obligation 
to the Rev W. Rotherham, the Rev J. B. Hatbord, and es- 
pecially the Rev T. Widdowson for valuable information in 
regard to the arrangements of the Labyrinth. I hope that 
every member of the College who comes across the present 
lists will kindly give me what help he can towards making 
them and their predecessors more complete and more accurate. 

The present denotation of the rooms in the New Court 
has been in use, speaking generally, almost if not quite from 
the time of the opening of the Court (1830). I have, 
however, come across some notes in the handwriting of 
Mr H. H. Hughes, Tutor of the College, written about the 
above date, in which the denotation of the rooms was different. 
He describes certain rooms as ' 18 B in New Building,* ' 22 A in 
New Building.' Possibly this system was abandoned even 
before the rooms were occupied. On this point I have no 

The New Court Lists naturally contain many names of interest. 
The undergraduate rooms of our present Master were H 2, those 
of the late Master, Dr Bateson, H 4. Professor Adams as Fellow 
was in A 9. Omitting for want of space other academic celebrities 
and rulers of the College, we find Bishop Selwyn in H 2 1, Bishop 
C. F. Mackenzie (before his migration to Caius) in B 9. (I was 
in error in stating before that Bishop Mackenzie was in the 
First Court), Among other churchmen. Archdeacon Gifford 
was in I 10, Mr Harry Jones in I i, Mr Orby Shipley (before 
his migration to Jesus') in C 8, and Archdeacon J. M. Wilson 
(late Headmaster of Clifton) in H 16. To take other famous 
Headmasters, Mr H. W. Moss of Shrewsbury lived as an 
undergraduate in F 7, Mr A. W. Potts of Fettes in G i, and 
Dr E. A. Abbott of the City of London School in H 10. 

iudges are represented by Lord Low (E 12) and Sir G. L. 
)rinkwater. Deemster of the Isle of Man, who was the first 
occupant of G4. The poets include T. E. Ash (H 8), A. C, 
Hilton, the immortal author of the Light Green (D 1), E. W. 
Bowling (*Arculus') I 3, and W. M. W. Call (C 2 and Ai). 
May I not add R. H. Forster (D 4.)? Mr S. Butler, author of 
Erewhon was in D 6, Mr R. A. Proctor, the astronomer, in G 4, 
and Professor E. H. Palmer, the orientalist and traveller, in B 8. 
Sir John Gorst, M.P. for the University, was in C 6 ; his successor 
at the Board of Trade, Sir John T. Hibbert, was in E 14. 

It is proposed to republish all the Lists of Occupants of Rooms 
in a collected form, all new information being incorporated. 

G. C. M. S. 



Ground JiooTf opposite the entry. 

The present Porter's Lodge takes the 
place of the rooms originally called 
A I, and the whole staircase has 
been re numbered. 




L 65 


E 71 


L 77 

M 78 




W M W CaU 
(?A B or T) Wren 
R H Wood 
W G Martin 

T Palmour 
W Fontaine 
E B I'Anson 
W Routh 
R Echenique 
E B Edmunds 
J W Corbet 
J A Strachan 
R M Perkes 
W Bumside 
R F Winch 
H F Nixon 
F C Littler 
W E Stewart 
F S Hughes 
H H Fuller 
H D G RusseU 
A C Millard 
T Waite 
H Brown 
T D H Patch 
J H Howitt 


Ground fioor^ /, looking into New 









L 82 




H Lee Warner 
A Martell 
A Willink 
R Howard 

W B Flowers 
R W Pedder 
G T Edwards 
W S Wilson 
T O Wright 
W Prevost 
C Welsby 
E H Shears 
B A Smith 
Tunstall Smith 
H Hickman 
W W Cordeaux 
F C G Foulkes 
H H Monckton 
W C Fletcher 
H J Bumpstead 
A S Hewitt 
W S Neave 


Ground fioor^ r, at foot of stairs, 

G J Compton 
W Field 
ED Ward 






L 68 
M 70 
L 71 
E 76 



L 89 




G H Van Hemeres 
T T Walker 
T H Walker 
G W Bloxam 
C E Thorpe 

? here 

T J Syckelmore / 


R M West 


M Tibbits 
W S Clarke 
C H Simpson 
A G Sparrow 
H T Adams 
J A Potbury 
C F Whitfield 
J A Leon 
J L Whitaker 
H Tinsley 
Y Fujimura 
M Soyeshima 
FAS McClelland 
G H Woollett 


First floor t at head of stairs, 

F B Scott 
T Field 
M 44 C Smith 

F W W Smart 


E K Clay 

E 64 

J P Vaughan 


C Fagan 

L 68 

H R Bennett 


J H Freese 

L 73 

G A Savielle 


F B N Norman Lee 


R H Ryland 
G Crossley 


A Chapman (? A G C) 


P A Robin 


W H Mandy 

S Humphries 


E Mainer 


W G Borchardt 


First floor^ looking into New Court. 

Prof. W H Miller 


Mr J Woolley 


W H Fawkts 
HAH Goodridge) 
W L J Goodridge / 
Mr W M Hicks 
W A Bond 
W W Gossage \ 
E F Gossage J 
Mr J B Mullinger 


First fioor^ looking towards Trinity. 

Mr W H Bateson \ . * r 
L 45 Mr J A Coombc / • ^ S 

I- 7a 

E 74 





E 71 



Mr G H Marsh 
Mr F W CoUison 
Mr B Williams 
Mr B W Home 
Mr C Taylor 
Mr W M Hicks 
Mr H S FoxweU 


First floor t at foot of stairs^ 

W David Morrice 
G H Ainger 
M 42 A Bower 






L 81 



B T Atlay 
J H Cotton 

H M Quayle 
Fted Watsoft 
H Th Wood 
R M Wood 
S R Wilkes 
W E Fairbum 
F E Swabey 
H C Swabey 
A J David 
A Chaudhuri 
W Bamett 
G'B Buchanan 
C D Edwards 
F A Rose 


Second floor, at head of stairs* 

T Frampton 
Churchill Babington 
M 42 J S Boucher 
44 A W Snape 

?M4S P Lilly 

I S Clarke 
M 52 S Tebay 
54 FGLys 

E 60 

E 70 

M 72 


M 76 




L 82 




W Previti 

F B Bamett 

A G Cane 

C Marklove 

D H James 

R F A Redgrave 

E H Winstone 

W G Wills 

J H Jenkins 

J B Tidroas 

H C Pinsent 

T Clarke 


W J Lomaz 

F A E Leake 

E P Gatty 

A W Dennis 


J G Leathem 


Second floor, looking into New Court ^ 

Mr Almack 
E 43 Prof J C Adams 
53 Mr W H Besant 

M 61 Mr T G Bonney 
E 65 Mr W H H Hudson 

76 Mr E Hill 
M81 HT Wills I 
AGAVills f 
84 MrJEMarr 
L 93 Mr E E Sikes 


Second floor, looking towards Trinity ^ 

Mr (inits.) Kennedy 
Mr J W Colenso 
£ 46 Mr C C Babington 

Mr J B Haslam 
M 69 Mr A Freeman 
79 Mr P T Main 


Second floor, at foot ofttairs, 

B Wake 

G Vincent 
M 41 J B Smith 
43 C D Goldic 
46 J B Kearney (?) 

L 67 
E 68 
L 71 

R U Steele 
J Boyd 
W Rainsford 
R M Perkes 
J H Lloyd 
r R Kennedy 


£ 82 
L 86 

£ 92 

F W Singleton 
J H Taylor 
G E Matthey 
J B Maxwell 
D A Kicholl 
A C Langmore 
H H Brown 



L 65 
L 68 

L 70 
M 72 

E 75 




Third floor, at head of stairs, 

P Kingsford 
R G Maul 
W Molesworth 
C J Barrow 
S F Williams 

TEG Bunbury 
GBP FieldlDg 
C H Burrows 
S Burgess 
J Wood house 
R C Rogers 
FH Wood 
F Coleby 
T G B Poole 

B W Gardom 
R W Wickhanx 
R P Maxwell 
E G Fox 
W Foster 
W S F Long 
W F Lund 
T B Tatham 
G P Davys 
R C Chevalier 
E G Turner 


Third floory first rooms looking into 
New Court. 

{? W N or H W) Molesworth 

P W Molesworth 




C P Stuart 


F H Cope (?) 

W H WilUngton 

J M Hare 
T K Bros 



J Ogden 
J R W Bros 



M H Marsdcn 


T E Congreve 


H Baker 


HFJCoape- Arnold 


W S Kelley 


W H Fawkes 

E 75 

C B Brownlow 


A A Spencer 


R G Townscnd 


L H Edmunds 



J E Marr 
W J Westoby 
E B Nicholson 
W C H Moreland 
D E Frossard 
H A Merriman 

A 14 

Third floor, second rooms looking into 
New Court. 


M 52 
E 56 








H Vaudry 
W Kerry 
S F Russell 
W R Stephens 
T J Buxton 

F Pontifex 
W Ogden 
T G Bonney 
W Baily 
H W Street 
A Bonney 
R A McKee 
F Nevinson 
T Adamson 
J Pope 

C G W Bancks 
J O Anthonisz 
H Stroud 
S H A Lambert 
T R Cassell 
J B Crompton 
H H Davis 


Third floor, looking towards Trinity » 

R Montgomerie 

C J Newbery 
M 53 F Wentworth 
56 W H L Pattisson 
59 THMrtddy 

62 R H Dock ray 

63 or 65 Prof C C Babington 
66 Mr C Stanwell 1 

L 72 

L 84 



Mr A Marshall J 
Mr A Marshall 
Mr F Watson 
Mr R R Webb 
A J David 
R Hodgson 
A Hill 

Prof A Macalister 
Mr R A Sampson 

A 16 

Third floor, looking across river. 
J R Foot 
H O Crawley 
M 43 U Davies 



J F Snaith 


F C B Terry 


C Hockin 


C M Friedlander 


G W Bloxam 

T A Ledgard 


H Bumside 


F Bumside 

L 70 

S G Lewis 


C £ Cummings 


A Lloyd 
H T Newton 
H Porter 


E St J Morse 



T Cave 



R F Clarke 

E 73 

M Stewart 

H N Sharp 


L 78 

G F Coombcs 


L W F Berkeley 

R Wever 

L 80 

F Hammond 




H R Jones 


G F Stout 


L H K Bushe.Fox 

L 85 

T A Wait 

L 89 

R P Stewart 

M86 l>EShaw 


Mr J J Lister 


(WG or J) Price 


A Clegg 



S C Craxton 

Ground fl9or^ r. 

L 90 

A Brooke 
C F Lillie 

T Ramsbotham 


B P Strangways 

W Chawner 




C W Giles 


(? F W) Vmter 

First floor, first rooms. 

(?WC) Evans 

ST Dallas 
J Slade 

Mr T A Coombe 
J Wright 
Mr Bullock 

M53 NNeviUe 

L 54 TMacCormick 

M56 RH Parkinson 



C H Hawkins 
C H H Cheyne 

L 45 



H M Gwatkin 

(W W or E) Baxter 


F W B Praed 

E G Hancock 



L 54 

J Ponsford 
W S Shipley 

G B Lloyd 

H Lattey 

Mr J T Ward 

Mr H R Tottenham 

E H Foster 

L 79 


K Wilson 



A A Bourne 


F W W Tunstall 

E 71 

H C Waud 

E 82 

W F R Weldon 


R P Maxwell 


J G King 

J M K Boyd 


T A Beckett 


A M Brown 

L 85 

W H Ainger 


^ Carpmael 


C E Owen 


J A Beaumont 


Mr H H Brindley 

P Horton-Smith 

L 91 

F F Blackman 


B;P Walker 


J R Hole 


J JV Stoughton • 



Ground floor, I. 

First floor, middle rooms. 

J L AUeyne 
W H Taylor 

G Hutchinson 

R N Blaker 



.[ Edwards 


A Campbell 



J Hattersley 

Moser (? injt.) 

W M Skelton 


E K Green 

J T Halke 


W W Baylis 


D G Day 


G N Hedges 


W Muir 


C J Brereton 
E W S Reed 


J P Farlcr 
H J Wickens 
A C Boyd 



E J S Rudd 


L 63 

L 74 

J C Hanson 

L 68 

A F Bros 


A Williams 

G F Stokes 


W F Vinter 


F W Reynolds 


E H H Bartlett 


C Shield 


R D Cumberland- Jones 


H T Talbot 

R W Hogg 

E 77 

B W Smith 

E 87 

J G C Mendis 

M 78 

W C Prance 


C E Fyncs-Clinton 

E 81 

J F Lomax . 


C J Eastwood 


A F Glover 


Mr G T Bennett 


T T Lancaster 


R Lewis 


A E Bbden 


E G Storev 
G A Dearclen 



Second floor, middle rooms. 

(S A or R or W) EJJis 


W Mills 

First floor t last rooms. 


E JeflFery 


W H Bateson 
Mr Woolley 




W Morgan 
T Simpson 
G' Ayres 


( J V or T M) Theed 
F C Smethurst 
W T Marriott 


P J F Gantillon 
Mr J Wolstenhohae 



T B Spraguc 
F C Wace 


H Hockin 
F W J Recs 
S Alford 

L 6s 

Mr C Taylor 

Mr (? E L) Lcvett 

A N Obbard 

L 63 

E T Luck 

E 71 

M 65 J R Stemdale Bennett 
66 ECunliffe 

I; 72 

C B Drake 

E 69 

A M HaviUnd 


W T Raymond 


M ^l 

W H Paglar 
R C Haviland 

L 80 

Mr A F Tony 





E J Ford 
S B Gwatkin 

£ 86 

Mr G H Whitaker 

L 90 


Mr A Caldecott 
' A Cameron \ 
W E Cameron j 
W E Cameron \ 
A P Cameron / 

J H Taylor 
;VS Sherrington 

G Whittle 

A H W Ridsdale 





F D Hessey 
E W Jackson 

Second floor, first rooms. 


F France 

Second floor, last rooms. 

A Morgan 

Mr W H Trentham 


T M Gisborne 

Mr T D Lane 
G W Hemming 

(J K or F or W H) Harrison 


, W J or C) Baker 


Mr J Merriman 


H Turner 
F J Lyall 

H Callendar 

L 55 


T I Walton 


D W Sitwell 


R L Page 

W A Proctor 


H D Jones 


R A Proctor 

L 64 

J Johns 


C C Scholcfield 


R FitiHerbcrt 


A J Fludyer 



E 64 
L 69 
M 70 
L 73 
E 73 







E 74 
L 80 






Mr^A F Tony 
Mr W'Griffith 
Mr W'A Cox 
L T Hippislcy 
E D Marten ) 
R Marten j 
Prof E H Palmer 

Mr S L Hart 
T Ashbumer \ 
W Ashbumer j 
WBNeatby I 
TMNeatby / 
Mr W Bateson 


Third floor^ first rooms. 

R D Jones 
J Margitson 
C F Mackenzie 
J Barton 

(R or J C) Hall 
T R Polwhele 
J Savage 
F G Burder 
G M Custance 
A Smallpeice 
H H BagnaU 
H M Hewitt 
J Musgrave 
R H Potts 
R N Laurie 
W B Baiinghunt 
C A MouU 
H Sandford 
F Sandford 
T Neale 
J Watson 
T P King 
P W G Sargent 


Third floor, middle rooms. 

F H Thwaites 
(W or H E) Bennett 
E J Beckerley 
J P Merritt 
D J H O'Brien 

C Harper 
F W Chorley 

J C Wetherell 
M60 TWood 
63 TN Perkins 
65 W N Boutflowcr 

M 66 C Wotherspoon 

69 E W Garrett 

73 E W Purdon 

75 R G Gwatkin 

78 E Rosher 

81 F Day 

83 A S Hamilton 

86 F G Storey 

87 C D Henry 
89 FVilly 

93 G. F. Cooke 


Third floor, Ictst rooms. 

T F Parratt 

F Morse 
E 42 W G Wilson (to end L 43) 
M 45 Mr F W Harper 

G A Caley 
M 52 J Chambers 
L 59 Mr A W Potts 
M 61 J H A Branson 

62 Mr C Taylor 
L 65 Mr J Snowdon 
M66 Mr WF Smith 
L 71 GHWhitaker 
M 71 Mr F Watson 
E 72 Mr C E Haskins 
L 75 Mr J H Freese 
M 75 Mr H S Foxwell 
87 Mr G F Stout 


(? C or A S) Campbell 

E 43 G Allfree 
M 45 H L Cooper 

R Agassiz 
T Sampson 
M 53 J Fisher 





L 74 







J H Wharton 
B Christopherson 

S B Barlow 
J PuUiblank 
T J H Teall 
J Adamson 
E F Upward 
T A Gumey 
G T Lloyd 
G S Turpin 
G Smallpeice 
H E Knight 





J Rose 

E W Cook 


M 41 W Kitching 


C A Yatc 

44 R X Blagden 

P Bedingfield 
H M Roxby 

S Walters 


G S Gruggen 

CH Wood 


E Boulnois 

M 52 C £ Bowden 


A J Stuart 

L 62 

W Boycott 

J Whitehorst 


W Bonsey 

M 59 P F Gorst 

T Bainbridge 

61 RGHurle 


J N Quirk 
H J Newton 

L 64 W F Barrett 


M 65 H H Cochrane 
66 FC Norton 


W H Rammill 

A W Davys 

71 A Forbes 


£ H Hodgkinson 

72 T J F Bennett 
75 JHGwillim 
L 78 W Calvert 






E A Goulding 

E 81 LVSimkin 


'J P Nicholson 

M82 TH Parker 

W C Summers 

84 WABadham 
86 HW Hartley 


H S Fitt 

89 FH Lewis 


90 C E Warren 

E 91 J B Dale 

(?RT) Burton 
J Tomlins 


G Snowball 



W W Williams 

A M Julius 
J W Stephen 
L 44 J Gordon 

(W J or J C (Reade) or H) 



T Franey 
E W Stock 

(?R H or G or J F) Wilkinson 

W Calder 


M 52 T A Collins 


J T Cartwright 

55 RWPrichard 


S B Barlow 

57 R S Bewick 


A Forbes 

58 D S Ingram 

R Benson 

62 A Davis 


EGA Lane 

L 64 A W Watson 

L 74 


66 TW Home 
M68 FMathison 


H R Hutchinson 

L 79 

S N Huda 

71 N J Littleton 

E 81 

M Rafique 

7d WHWidgery 
78 R Wever 


L Fisher 


R A Sampson 

L 81 W M Hardman 


W B Morton 

M 83 G C Ewing 


V B Manby 

86 TBSeDwood 
88 J Price 

89 A Gladstone 


92 KJPOrton 

W L Rolleston 
C F Edge 





H H Cole 
T Lloyd 

? M 49 Shipley 
T W Lowe 


W H Rowlatt 

M 5a G Evans 

G Wheatcroft 

53 J C Harkne«s 


W Allen 



J E Gorst 

M 59 G Armytage 



E A Canston 
W J Stobart 
W Neish 
F A Mackinnon 

61 R Noble 

64 WR Fisher 

65 RKPrickard 

66 HRBeor 


G L Hodgkinson 
J Luxton 

(? R J or A) Griffiths 
E W Wilkins 

67 F Savage 
L 71 F Rice 
E 72 H L Patdnson 
L 73 JWJeudwine 



G G Wilkinson 
M Merrikin 
J G H Halkett 
C T Woodhousc 
E J Roberts 
W A Lamb 
K Clarke 


M 75 G C Price 

78 J Richardson 
L 81 F H Colson 
M 81 TR Cousins 
84 E R Cousins 
86 JAUec 
89 WS Hooton 
92 LA Body 

T G Middleton 
H J Marshall 




E H Price 

E Gwynne 

R W Kcnyon 

A B Burnett 
M41 WLaidlay 

M Bland (to end E 50) 

44 FPWiUington 

? Chadwick 

£ A Claydon (tiU end E 50) 

(? A or J N P) lEnd 

J W Rimington 
E 54 RPL Welch 


C Birch 
A Ford 

55 FTibbits 
M 58 T M Beavan 

55 Cx L 1" arthing 
E 57 TWhitbv 
M 57 58 59 W'FdcWend 
M62 HWatncy 

61 Genge (? E H G adm. May 62) 
65 G L Bennett 
67 HMcLDymock 
70 A C Hilton 

L 67 

W H Chaplin 
F A Macaona 
W E Heitland 

72 G G Hildyard 
L 76 P Sabcn 

L 70 

E M Price 
F W S Price 

M 76 C T Andrews 

78 ENWHabershon 

L 7^ 

F A Gatty 
W G GouJding 

L 80 W R Shepherd 
L 83 G B Strelton 
85 THAChapliii 


H V Hebcr-Pcrcy; 


W Easterby 

M86 AFKellett 


T B Roby 

M H W Hayward 

88 B Constantine 


90 CWGLewis 


W L Brown 


L Qi R P Ridsdale 
M93 J A Wood 

J H Emery 


A Lighton 


C Rippingall 

J W S Rugcley 
S Gray 
M 41 G E Freeman 

? Chadwick 

43 T Aston 



M46 BroaghMaltby (to end £49) 

T Hcycock 
H French 
L 53 J Thomas 
M5S WCHarrey 

56 £ D Smith 
L 58 T Barrowby 
M 59 J Laing 
62 CN Keeling 

64 RKPritchard 

65 £ D Holditch 
69 H Collier 

71 E C Peake 

74 J Allen 

75 AMManhaU 
77 HNicholls 
79 T Roberts 

L 87 £ A Anthony 

M88 SHCubitt 

91 R Stowell 

92 S W Newling 


(?'G H or A G) Ray 
T N Rippingall 
M 42 G Lambert 
45 WStockdale 

M47 JFBateman(toendLorE5i) 

c 54 W£East 








L 4a 

A Bateman 
P H Kempthome 
R G Whytehead 
F Ritchie 
G Young 
J Hopkin 
H J Lewis 
G D Haviland 
W R Kinipple 
H S Branscombe 
F L Allen 
W E Forster 
H J Richards 
A F Cameron 


C W M Boutflower 
R W Whcder 
W Ellis 

J C Dougan 
F Jackson 

M 47 O W Davys (to end E 50) 
J E Gorst (?) 


R H Pigott 
J SnowdoD 

£ 63 
L 71 

E 72 



L 81 

C A Hope 
G £ Cniikshank 
W R Wareing 
J B Woosnam 
C £ Cooper 
C H Harper 
J H Kimpple 
J Tally 

I C S Macklem 
R H Forster 
TW Morris 


(? W or R W or R) King 
J Margitson 
M42 FJHelyar 

HI Borrow (till end £ 50) 
"- £ Thompson 




H Ludlow 

C £ Graves 

J B Haslam 


G H Adams 

L 67 

A G Greenhill 

E 71 

B H Dixon 

L 75 

J W R Stephens 

D P Ware 

M 76 

A C Odel! 

L 79 

W Barton 


G V Stephen 


H Godwm 


J C Wright 


C E Lewis 


H £ Choppin 


F Dewsbury 


A M C Field 


E Everett 

J Buckhara 
H T Barnard 
S W Lloyd 



(? M A or C H S) Leicester 

(till end £ 50) 

B W Home (? see G 2) 

B H Williams 

W M Leake 


S Butler 

A Yardley 


G G Evans 


W Unett 


W W Cooper 


C Hemsley 






First floor, back, east. 
Mr G BuUock 
H Lee Warner 



M 76 

J H Armstrong 
W Spicer 
C Slater 


(? S or W) Franklin 


E Fisher 



W Gilby 
C E Bote 


A J Clark 
E H Hankin 

(? C or C T) Hudson (to end 


A H Thompson 



H Patch \ 

Second floor, back, east. 

TH Latham ^j^^ 
THGNewton '^' 

? J Stirling 
H Fenwick 



(? W or W A) Newton 


F W Burnett 


A Stewart 


H Newton 


D J Boutflower 


W Griffiths 

L 69 

J T WeUdon 
F Harris 

£ R Birch 

E 70 

£ £f Clayton 


T B Lloyd 


£ Collins 


W H Thornton 


A J Toller 

M E Wilkinson 

H H Smith 



J G Bigwood 

L 83 



C E Graves 



D Mac Liver 


J Mc K Cattell 

L 67 

F G Kiddle 

L 89 


E 70 

T H Chadwick 


1 L Gregory 

M 72 

C Jackson 

BMK 7* 


E J Brook Smith 



F A Sibly 

L 82 

H Wilson 

Second floor, front. 


W G Matthew 

Mr T Crick 


F V Theobald 

Mr E Bmmell 


A Baines 


Mr E Headlain 


C A H Townsend 

Mr I Todhunter 


Mr F C Wace 


L 76 

Mr T G Bonney 

Third floor, front, centre. 


Mr E Hill 

Hon GPS Smythe . 
H Hoghton 


Mr G H Whitaker 

E 92 

L Farrand \ 
Mr R A Sampson / 


Mr A M Hopper 
Mr T Field 


S S F Blackman 

F F Blackman 

Mr W P Hiem 

V H Blackman 


Mr A J Stevens 
Mr A Marshall 



L 78 

R E Boyns 

Second floor, back, west. 


Mr W A Cox 


E Houghton 

Mr P Frost 

Mr H Thompson jun 

L 90 

R N Goodman 
Mr S L Hart 
Mr A W Flux 
Mr T R Glover 

H B Browning 


R Horton-Smith 

E 57 

H E Booth 

Third floor, back, east. 

1) 61 C J E Smith 

\ Jackson 
J H L Wingfield 


J H Walker 
H M Loxdale 

E 63 


W M Savage 






A W Simpson 




G Comport 


C E Stuart 


J T Hibbert 

Aitkinson (? E Atkinson or 

A Highton 
R S Cutler 

A Aitkcns) 

C E Titterton 


H Dugdale 



H S Williams 


W P Jones 

J H Robson 


; ' B Boyle 

S W Cope 




E 64 

'F Barnard 


A Low 


R G Marsden 


H Stokes 

E 65 

J W Cassels 


G Cooper 


' TWelldon 


H Pigeon 

L 69 



A R Wilson 


D H Cox 


P T Wrigley 


G White 

L 81 

E C Andrews 


A Howard 


T A Herbert 


W B Chamberlain 

L 90 

: i C Goodman 

L 82 

G M Riley 
C A Smith 


Mr E E Sikes 


C P Shcppard 


W A Corbett 


T T Groom 


R L Kingsford 




Third floor, front, east. 
J Blow 


7LP Lewis 


iTH Wilkinson 

T Miller 
' FHinde 


S Tlioinpson 









J Scratlen 


P B Luxmore 

(? W G or R T) Thorpe 


J H Hancock 

G Wilkinson 



N H Roberts 


E M Pritcharcl 

L 63 

R J Perkes 
C Hoare 

? W E Cresswefl 


W A Haslam 


J E Johnson 
WE Koch 


C R Rippin 
J B Pearson 

L 74 

C Adam 

E 64 

G A Bankes 


G M Burnett 


A N Obbard 


A J Poynder 

WG Terry 


H R Stephens 


J Staffurtll 


E 75 

Powell Jones 


B W Atdee 


G M Light 


L Horton-Smith 


TAW Flynn 


F B Clive 


C C Frost 



E Manley 

Third floor, back, east. 


; LeGDnHeaume 



S Parkinson 


; G Leathern 

C T Frampton 




S Thompson 


E A TyJer 




J H Clubbe 
A Chisholm 
M 43 J Ground 

L 52 



L 77 


E 93 






L 76 





E 89 

M 91 


W Haslam 

A H S Stonchousc- Vigor 

E W Pearman 

A D Robinson 

G T Valentine 

A Jackson 

J W Best 

B F Williams 

J S Ff Chamberlain 

E B Edmunds 

W Garnett 

H A Williams 

J M Stone 


H H Wilkes 

C J F Symons 

W S West 

HIP Lanphier 

H Pullan 

A E Elliott 

H M Tapper 

E H Llovd Jones 

E C H B Norris 


Bibby (?) 

S Blackall 

H E Bennett 

W Vassall 

J W D Hemaman 

A T Watson 
A J Wilkinson 
A K Cherrill 
W H Hooper 
J S Salmon 
R R Webb 
L S Newmarch 
G C M Smith 
H B Stanwell 
G Gray 
M Sheriflf 
M A Khan 
H S Willcocks 
R K McEldeny 


(? S C) Brown 
T M Groodcve 
T B Lloyd 
R Barlow 

H G Jebb (till end E 50) 
T Hevcock 

M 53 C Bufd 

55 T C Hayllar 

58 A H Steward 

61 W M Barnes 

62 J Alexander 
65 W F Barrett 

E 67 GWFonest 

M 69 C P Layard 

71 R B Dowling 

E 74 P Lloyd 

M76 A E Swift 

L 79 LI Lloyd 

M 81 H L Harrison 

83 THKirby 

85 A R A Nicol 

87 JRScholfield 

89 WR Elliott 

92 C H Rivers 


W Greenwell 
J Wedge 
M43 (? M or E) Stocks 

E P Colquhoun 
E V Williams 
M 53 J R Little (to end E 54) 

G F Dean 

W P Hiem 

F Young 

W Mercer 

W Hoare 

A B Haslam 

H C Skefflngton 

A Foxwell 

J H George 

H Askwith 

C Carthew-Yorstoun 

C A Smith 

N C Barraclough 

H C Barraclough 

C H Tovey 

A C England 

FAS McClelland 


? Higson 
J Day 

E J Beckerley 
W Temple 

F N Ripley 
E W Pearman 











T Langshaw 

M59 WH Valentine 

62 A Langdon 

64 G C Whiteley 
E 68 G Gatenby 

70 L E Kay-Shuttleworth 

M71 HHolcroft 

73 H A Swann 

76 W O Sutcliffe 

80 PGExham 

82 R A Stuart 

85 E W Bardslcy 

86 A B Baldi^-in 
89 C P Way 

92 G T Whitdey 


J M Cripps 
C Tennant 

M 42 E Layng 

44 JCThring 

M49 WJBrodribb 

51 CEBowlby 

5d E S Bagbhaw 

56 A W Gruggen 

59 H Thornlcy 

60 H W Moss 
62 W F Smith 

65 G H Hallam 
69 T E Page 

73 C Pendlebury 

E 77 P H Bowers 

L 79 W L O Noott 

M 80 F S McAulay 

83 M Jackson 
85 J Hodson 

89 WWHaslett 

92 ERF Little 

93 J D Davis 


J H Lang 
E W Symons 
M 42 C Riley 

44 WB Lloyd 

45 W Wilson 

J A Cheese 

M 50 E S Bowlby 

53 WKer 

55 W S Bagshawe 

58 T Gwatkin 

62 M Beebee 

66 HBCotterill 

E 69 P Uewcllin 

M 70 

L 78 




J Deaktn 
E T Burges 
H Workman 
M F I Mann 
S T Winklcy 
C S Kroenig 
A B Clifton 
A H Bindloss 
T R J Clark 
E L C F Goi^t 
J FNonhcoik 


(? R or H J) BuU 

J Walker 
M 43 J G Harding 
L 44 GPOtley 








D Craig 

(? A or E) Calvert 


F G Sykes 

A W Potts 

J C Wood 

E A Ely 

A A Vawdrey 

E L Pearson 

F S Bishop 

F C Bayard 

A Mackenzie 

R V C Bayard 

F L Muirhead 

G M Riley 

D W Whincup 

E B Ward 

W J Brown 

J H Adeney 

M W Blythe 


G J Christian 

R P Tomkins 


E W Wilkinson 

E 42 

A Newton 


W G Gatliff 

E B Wawn 


B W Home 

E 55 

C Hindle 


J F Jenkins 


C U Bower 

L 58 

I L Archer 


H Jones 


J H Cutting 


W H Chaplin 



L 79 




J A Percival 
W Watkins 
G R Grasett 
T W Bagshaw 
R H Walkcf 
F R A Wcldoo 
£ Knowles 
J C Brown 
C T Phillips 
G S Middlemiss 
G £ Blondell 
J H Tallent 
H Bentley 


S Wbitaker 
T Greenwell 
M41 CWClubbe 
45 R D Jonea 



E 76 



E G Moore 
J F Falwasser 
CG Leslie 
J Green 

W H Tarleton 
W F Mercs 

kW Hodgson 
J Martyn 
F C Cursham 
G H Raynor 
W T WiUiama 
A W Beard 
F C Marshall 
G F Warner 
H W Macklin 
£ F Gedye 
A H Whipple 
E C Taylor 


M 30 G L Drinkwater 


£ 42 


R Bagley 
B Whitelock 
E Pickard 
W A White 
X S Bence 

W H Weston 
J T Turner 
M 52 J Cowic 

A O Kubsell 



L 78 
L 81 



E 89 



L 45 



L 59 










L 84 







L 60 


£ 64 



R A Proctor 
A B Dickinson 
A Eldmonds 
Ern Carpmael 
Edw Carpmael 
G H Fiiz Herbert 
F Dyson 
E Marsden 
F C Hibburd 
W H Dodd 
A B Featherstone 
W W Nicholson 
G Beauchamp 
H C Lees 
M Soyeshima 


C Sangster 

F P WooUcombe 

J Mayn 

W Stigant 

A Shears 

J G Tiarks 

FC Wace 


£ Smith Thorpe 

H H Cochrane 

T £ Johnson 

W Edmonds 

W J F V Baker 

Q E Roughton 

H F Price 

C A Scott 

W H Charlesworth 

A W Ward 

H Heward 

R H Stacey 

F W Camegy 

£ J H BenweB 


(? F W or G) Sbai 


R P Tompkins 

F F Gough 

G D Li vein g 

H E T Gough 

B W Home 

C Stanwell 



E J Warmington 

? J N Isherwood 

F W C Haslam 

G W Agnew 



L 74 WL Raymond 


J G CJiariesworth 
H Hanmer 

E 75 J B Brine 


M 77 AG Sparrow 
L 8o A B Winstone 


L G Glover 


HA King 

M82 EWChilcott 


J H G SmaUpdce 

84 S Lewis 

87 G Longman 


90 H Williamson 
93 B P Strangways 

(Staircase called The Colony.) 

Ground floor^ /, looking into New 



S S Gower 

C D Gibson 


W G F Jenkyn 
M43 GF Murdoch 



D Foggo 

W Newnham 


R W S Hicks 

? A Broke 


T B Smith 

J Whitehead 
C Wolston 
MS3 WPFison 
C M Roberts 





L 78 
E 81 
L 84 


R Lloyd 
AS Kay 
R L Roberts 
A WSnape 
S W Churchill 

F G Sanders 
M60 GTNicholls 
62 TW Taylor 
£ 63 R B Maseiield 
M64 JMCoUard 
67 CE Haskins 
E 71 G S Raynor 
M73 JTillard 
77 NC Marris 
80 E Hinchcliff 
82 AGS Raynor 
85 H B Smith 
89 WNMaw 

91 A Brooke 

92 CFLiUie 

R T Sammons 
H WilUams ^ 
M C R Cotes 
H L MacheU 
L Morton-Brown 
C C Harrison 
M Wetherall 
R B M Panton 
C J Gibbons 
J R Thomas 
Mr F J AUen 
W F Wright 
W W Duncan 



J J Hopwood 
F J Gruggcn 
M42 WVassaU 

Ground flooTy first rooms looking 

into Backs, 

S Smith 

43 G J Taylor 

J B Chalker 
T H Edwards 



L 45 

V D Vyvyan 

F R Gorton 

W L CabeU 

T I Walton 

F T Y Molineux 

M54 GKendaU 


W Harpley 

E K Kendall 


G H Hewison 

M56 HCBarstow 


C Taylor 

M59 GPLaue 

G H S Pearson 

62 G F L Dashwood 


A E Sykes 
C W WooU 

65 W Lee- Warner 


68 CH James 
71 WMoss 


H G Smith 


E Luce 

75 J H Ireland 
77 W J Chapman 


F C Hill 



78 GR Alston 


A R AspinaU 



L 8i 

J H Ford 


C S H Brercton 


T L Harrison 


£ B Kershaw 

L 90 

H Drake 


W GaskcU 


Ground floar^ middle rooms looking 
into Backs, 

T P Boultbee 
J C Battcrsby 
M 42 S S Penny 
45 H C Eade 

E 59 
L 60 



£ 68 

E 70 

M 72 





£ J Hubbard 

T W Hathaway 

H Buckston 

A H Herrtage 

H £ Curtis 

(? H P) Homo 

T Green 

C D RusseU 

S Haslam 

L £ Kay ShutUeworth 

H Dixon BeU 

R P Burnett 

J H Hallam 

C Middleton 

J F Powning 

W L OrgiU 

" K Jacques 

H Reeves 




Ground flooTy last rooms looking 
into Backs, 
W H Bateson 
W A Chapman 

W H Holmes 

W Greenwell 
M 42 J R Rumsey 
45 W Gee 

£ A Kempson 
L 53 A H S Stonehouse- Vigor 

W A Newton 

M 59 W Groves 

61 T Roach 

64 T Toone 

66 J W Dale 

69 C H Pierson 

71 FT Lo^'c • 

L 74 C J East 

M 76 H K Fuller 

78 F Terry 

81 E J Scares 

84 R W Rippon 

I. %^ T W K Curtis 


H D RoUeston 

E 87 

F Taylor 


P Baylcy 


E Taylor 


J P Dc Castro 


Ground floor y r, at foot of Stairs. 
M 30 H Sandford (to end E 32) 

H R Benson 

W Ellis 
M41 T Walker 
44 G S Pinhom 
47 P J F Ganiillon 
5 1 R Johnson 
53 L Sunham 

R D Pierpoint 

M61 JTPeachell 

64 E Fynes-Clinton 

67 E M Jones 

70 H Percival 

73 J M Tate 

74 A D Piper 

76 A J Toiler 

77 S L Hart 
82 A L Morris 

85 J F Tarleton 

86 SHWorsley 

89 C M Rice 

90 W M Payne 
£93 A A Kanthack 
M93 WJScarlin 


First floor y over ff ^, 

(? J B or J) Charlcsworth 
M42 (? W'orGL)Harkness 

J Harris 
(? G B) Bennett 
Msa JTHalke 






L 73 




E 93 

W Warren 
E A Abbott 
C Warren 
B W Gardom 
D L Boyes 
D M Cowie 
J S Sandys 
K Spencer 
E H Craggs 
H H Brindlcy 
B J Hcllyer 
R Sheepshanks 
S B Reid 




L 56 

E 57 



L 64 




E 74 


L 80 



L 85 












E 75 

^' n 





E 93 


First floor i ever Hl^ 

1 Dcwe 
W L Hardisty 
W H Taylor 
H Sandford 

J B Wilson 
W J Rees 
S S Walton 
G Jackson 
H Bererley 
H P Home 
R G Marrack 
G W Surkcy 
J Bonnett 
C S Shield 
H H Tooth 
H J Adams 
F J Allen 
H W Smith 
E H Hensley 
Mr F Watson 
C E Halstead 
H H Mayor 
A A Economo 
J R GarTQod 


First floor, over H%n 

A Mills 
A Frost 
S Gray 
R G Gorton 

A T Hayne 
A C Haviland 

}J Proctor 
H Roberts 
TE Ash 
C Dorsett 
J R Sparkcs 
F W Harper 
W J Ford 
J G Gartside 
M J Michael 
R Bullock Webster 
H W Smith 
S A S Ram 
T F Stout 
H P Jones 
A Bartning 


First floor, over Hi, 

(r H C or C) Rothcry 
W B Jowett 


C R Drury 


A W D Stewart 

G A Hayward 


\ Small peice 



E G Wilkinson 


R C Stevens 

L 59 

H C Mace 


T Barnes 
T W Brogden 


E 66 

J Watkins 
FAS Reid 


E 71 

A W Brodie 

L 74 

W Northcott 


E J Wild 


S Roberts 


L W Reed 


C toppin 


A Mond 


G F J Rosenberg 
E A Lane 



First floor, over H $^ 

F Stonestreet 

W Fellowes 


E Whieldon 

T Openshaw 


H J Roby 


H S Millard 


E A Abbott 


G W Hill 


W E Pryke 

F Baynes 

L 68 


M 70 

W earless 


E H Bell 


J Hugh Jenkins 
J H Freeze 


E 79 

C E B Bell 


J A Pattinson 
W H Jefferies 
T H Evans 



C M Hutchinson 


G Watkinson 


Second floor, over 116, 

P Frost 

T Ingleby 


W Franklin 


C T Calvert 

W H B Coham 

F W Farle 


C H Leathes 



? Trollope 


A T Knight 


J Hartley 
W A Cottee 


J S Spraguc 
H J Spenser 

L 61 



T H Baynes 

J Lupton 


J E Sandys 
W E Heitland 


A HGunn 


L 77 

C C Harrison 



Dr A Schuster 
F Mellor 

Second floor^ over H^. 


J Goodman 
J Gibson 

F LI Lloyd 


B Girling 


G P K Winlaw 


P E Wrench 

L 43 

F Morse 



T Moveriey 

Second floor^ over Hf, 

W Hutton 

C Colson 

T H Newman 


R Toynes 
R Pierson 


C Hancock 



F T MitcheU 
G Lambe 


J H Clark 
' T Watson 



r Batler 
Mr H Bailey 
, CBlissard 


H PhilUps 



W Rain?ford 
P D Rowe 


' Francis 


T P Cort 
F G Mayor 


' \ C Brown 



i ? T G or W J) Eamshtw 


W P Mayor 


G Oldacres 


J S Sprague 





TMLaycock \ 
Mr J E Sandys/ 


E M EUerbeck 


A S Manning 


H E J Bevan 
C H Garland 

L 87 

[ Colson 



C H Blomfield 

£ 82 

F W Clementsoul 


A Wilkins 


CAM Pond 


M Siddique 


St J B Wynne-Willson 


A H Norregaard,^ 


Second floor, over H 10. 


A G Butler 


(? G W or J P) Pany 

J Fan- 

D F Jarman 

Second floor t aver H%, 


M H Becher 



HTM Kirby 


G L Harkness 

(?W A or A or AT) Watson 

G H Sweeting \ 

F H Falkner ? H 13 


J West 
A V Hadlcy 


H S Band ) 

W D Donaldson 


J B Pennington 
W Marsden 

D D Masscy 



A L Clay 


A C Skrimshire 


H G Hart 

F Watson 




L T Birch 


W Cordcaux 

E 72 

T G Wise 


[ Baincs 


CE Wedmore 


' PA Bowers 


J S Tute 


' ^ Saben 


G W Clark 

L 79 

S B Armstrong 

L 83 

W R Blackett 




W Mc F Orr 

L 43 

W Coleman 

L 90 

Mahomed Ahmed Uddin 




F J Skrimshire 

J G Lees 


7 S Swift 

Third floor ^ over Hii» 



\ K Davies 
J M Fuller 
tf RPugh 

(? J B or J) Charlesworth 

G V HoQsman 


G Austin 

L 44 

Mr F A Paley 



Mr Coape (? J C, Christ's) 
R H St Martin 
T G Carver 
A C Higgs 
W W English 
J C Moss 
H T E Barlow 
E J Brooks 
W A Stone 
E Bristow 


J M Wilson 
H F Pooley 
H W Moss 
E K Bayley 
Mr C Stanwell 
Mr W S Wood 
E H Sankey 
T F Howell 
F G Storey 

E 66 

r ^7 
L 71 


L 88 

P L Moore 


H E S Cordeaux 



W F Aston 

Third floor, over IfJ^, 


R Inchbald 

Third floor, over If 12. 


C Kotheiy 
R Pierson 

T Stevenson 


H LI Hussey 



J B Whieldon 


W Morgan 

L 43 E Jeffery 

M 45 (or L 46) F H Tucker 


(t C or G) Pamell 
R Timbrell 


R Cayley 

R Lawrance 


R B Worthington 




J C Wood 
J W Gabb 

E 53 

W E Smith 



T Midgley 

A W G Moore 


J Merriman 


C C Cotterill 


G F Hose 


W Almack 


[ F Marsden 
W E Hart sen 

W Clark 


E 72 

T H G Pearson 

G H Whitaker 


E P Rooper 

E 70 

(? P) Ellis 


R R King 


A Simmonds 


H H Odling 


G G HOdyard 
HAH Goodridge 


P E Tooth 
G E D Brown 

H A Soames 


L Norman 


F D Gaddum 


L B Burnett 


J B Oldham 


J F Gruning 


J D Scott 


C H Ross 


E J Carlisle 
J Schoolcraft 


E 90 



H H Brindley 
G R Joyce 
CP Keeling 

Third floor, over H 15. 
H S Mott 
E Davys 
J S Wood 



Third floor, over H i^, 

R P Cockle 


TG Dudley 
R F Follett 
R K Corser 


J Jefferson 



J D Evans 
H W Moss 

E 73 

T A Romney 
J R Davies 






A T Bamett 


C Carpmael 
T H R Kirby 


R S Bamett 

L 70 


H T Bamett 


H W Simpkinson 

J F Tarleton 
M N Inaba 




A R Aspinall 


H S Moss (fr 92 Moss- 


JS Yeo 



W Eardley 

E 93 

A G Butler 


H L Firmstone 


B L T Bamett 


A W White 



F L Kitchin 


W S Shimicld 

Ground flooTy opposite stairs. 

Mr Stephen 


Mr J E Cooper 

Highest Rooms, 


Mr J B Mayor 
MrWHH Hudson 

G A Sclwyn (?) 

E 65 

Mr H W Moss 


Mr P T Main 

A T W ShadwcU 


Mr A Freeman 

R H Kiiby 


Mr W Warren 


R B Machell 


Mr A E H Love 

E 43 

J K Harding 


G A Holdsworth 


(? C or G) Pamell 

Ground floor, opposite 74. 

R D Graves 

C W A'Court 


A W Bruce 

John Haviland 


G M Tatham 

L 43 

A W Simpson 

55 J J Proctor 

56 K S Ferguson 


A Green 

W R Stephen 

57 J R Scriven 
60 H Lee Warner 

C R Hyde 


E W M Lloyd 


Mr R Peirson 


J CoUins 

W G Williams 

L S2 

Mr G D Liveing 



Mr H Bailey 


R F Scott 

G H Hewison 


C E Brooke 


E W Bowling 


C Square 
F W Fisher 


Mr J B Mayor 

£ 81 


J Hale 


W N Roseveare 


A S Wilkins 

F M Dadina 

H A Holme 


N M Captain 


J Higgins 
! ^ J Harrison 
A H Crick 


H C Andrews 





H Croft 

E 79 

R Chadwick 

Ground floor, looking towards Trinity, 


A G Roby 

A L Goodard 


C H Heath 

FHendy • 

H G T Jones 


Harry Jones 
F Kewley 

J Shaw 
E Comford 



A J Tait 
A J Chotzner 
W P Boas 



T C Lewty 
C Bamford 

Ground floor, looking info Nrtv Court. 


G Gunning 

E 65 

C M Re>Tiolds 

(? G L or W P or J Cj Roberts 


W WiUs 


F De Jersey 







E 70 



^ 77 

M 78 





IE Law 

WE Lock 
\ H Simpson 

T A Appleton 
T J Ward 
£ S Sazton 
T F Truroper 
H C M Barton 
S H Thomas 
A M Brown 
D C Falcke 
J H Dr>sdale 
G A Mason 
H H Walker 
F B Glover 
C E Owen 


First floor, looking into Backs. 

Mr (? M) Jones ) 
Mr H Thompson > ? here 
L 45 MrEHeadlam ) 

? M 30 Mr C Blick 

? M 46 Mr W H Bateson 

M 57 Dr G F Reyner 

77 Mr J W Pietcrs 

83 Mr k F Scott 


First floor, looking into New Court. 

E 46 



L 64 



Mr J WooUey 
Mr C J Ellicott 
Mr G F Reyner 
Mr T S Wood 
Mr H R Bailey 
Mr A C Haviland 
Mr E W Bowling 
Dr J E Sandys 


Second floor, looking into Backs, 

Dr J Hymers 
M 53 Mr W C Sharpe 
62 DrJSWood 
83 Mr RR Webb 


Second floor, looking into New Court. 

Mr A J Carrighan 
Mr W Keeling 
M45 Mr GH Marsh 

L 64 

E 69 
L 71 


Mr H Thompson 
Mr T Field 
Mr W H Besant 
Mr J B Mayor 
Mr H R Bailey 
Mr J V DureU 
Mr E K Green 
Mr W F Smith 
Mr R R Webb 
Mr J T Ward 


Third floor, looking towards Trinity. 



L 52 

L 65 


^ 75 
E 78 


L 84 


Viscount Clive 
Mr F W Harper 
Hon R Clive 
Hon R C Herbert 
M M B Pell 
Mr W C Sharpe 
W L H A'Court 



W Davies 

J Haviland 

F H Cope 

Lord Windsor 

(Sir) T D Gibson-Carmichael 

G C Herbert (aft Earl of 

J H Butterworth 
G W Atlay 
S S Hough 


Third floor, facing stairs, 

W R B Marsh 

(? A H or A T W) ShadweU 
M 41 EH Giflford 
L 44 G G Holmes 

T W Powell 
L 54 HEFTracey 
M 56 Mr R D Beasley 

58 A Walsh 

59 A Hogg 

E 61 W D BusheU 



L 63 




L 81 
L 82 

E 83 


A R Catton 
Mr A Holmes \ 
J E Sandys ( 
J D Cochrane 
J H Piatt 
A H Highton 
A Hawkins 
F W Parker 
J G King 
W H Green 
H R Armitage 
H R Langmore 
S B Reid 
H N Devenish 


Third floor t opposite II2. 

R Fiske 
E H Gifford 
R E Hughes 
P H Pepys 
J A Warburton 

T Bland 
R D Beasley 
M 53 H Snow (aft Kynaston) 

57 WDBusheU 
E 61 H S Beadon 

63 R T Perkes 
L 64 F Andrews 
M66 JWBamett 

70 C J Clarke 

72 EKeUy 

L 75 

R C Smith 

Dr Schuster 

W Bateson 

F S Locke 

C Howarth 

Mr E W MacBride 


Third floor , looking into New Court, 


(? A K or W) Curtis 
M 42 T J Bennetts 
L 45 S Meredith 

A B Skipworth 
M 52 AG Marten 

J H Seeker 
M 59 P Dinzey 

A M Beamish 

M 63 E Beaumont 

67 J Peake 

69 PHHibbert 

72 C E L Carew 

75 H T Kemp 

E 78 TCoppock 

L 81 J R Andrew 

M 82 H Ward 

85 H S Mundahl 

87 W H Thompson 

E ^8 RE Jackson 

M90 FO Mundahl 

93 M Mulliaeux 

Arthur Milnfs Marshall Jr. A. M D. F.R,S* 

[Ffitm a /fhi^iograpkt by ktMii p^f^ifstm iff ike Edifttn i>/Thk OwiNS College Magm 


(Continued from p, i^.J 

E now give the remaining documents relating* 
to the troubles at Sedbergh School during 
the Commonwealth. 

To his Highncsse OLrvKR, Lord Pfotector of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, with the Islands Adjacent. 

TAi Humble Petition of Richard Jackson, Master of the Free 
Grammer Schoole in Sedbergh, and Preacher of the Gospell in 

Sheweth : 

That whereas yqur Petitioner in August 1648 was chosea 
Master of the Free Grammar Schoole in Sedbergh, and sent 
down by the then Master and Seniors of St fohn^s in Cambridge^ 
to promote Learning and Piety in those parts ; which he hath 
endeavoured to the utmost of his power J But perceiving how 
some Feoffees in tnrst for the Rervenews of that Free-Schoole, 
had basely neglected and wilfully broken the same (losing 
severall of the Lands and Tenements, endangering others, and 
labouring to cast away the rest, for inconsiderable Rents and 
Fines, maugre all the Masters advice and direction to the 
contrary) hee was necessitated (sore against his will) to seeke 
reliefe in Chancery, through a tedious and chargeable prosecu- 
tion of almost five years space, so protracted by the solicitation 
of one Mr John Otway (a pretended Feoffee) together with one 
John Foxcroft his Cousin, and Clerk in Court to your Orator's 
Adversaries ; both which men, having from pride and malignity 

122 Notes from the College Records. 

threatened the oppression of your Petitioner. In order to that 
end, they have animated those few remaining Feoffees, not 
onely to detaine all the Rents and profits (quite against the 
letter of the Patents) but also to imploy the same to the great 
damage of the sayd Schoole» and your Orators utter undoing* 
by over large fees, to such lofty Counsell, as make light of it, 
though they endeavour to overthrow the right of a poor man, 
in the presence of the most high, Lam. 3.35. and doe also glorj 
if they can subvert a man and his cause, verse 36, by any 
mistake in matter of form, or regularity, though it bee neyther 
materiall nor pertinent to the thing in question, vi%. the truth 
and merits of the cause : for your Petitioner having (after 
abundance of care, pain, and expence) procured an hearing in 
Michaelmas Terme before the Master of the Rolls, who upon 
an halfe examination seemed very apprehensive of much equity 
in your Oratours cause, and of manifest iniquity in his Adver- 
saries, yet admitted of a Demurrer, by the Allegation of Serjeant 
Mainard^ pleading that according to the course of that Court 
he could not proceed to Order and Decree, for that your Orator 
prays Processe of Subpoenaes, and so served them, instead of 
serving them with a Distringas^ although your Orators Adver- 
saries {viz, Mr John 0/waj/, John Cowper^ Richard Holmes^ Adam 
Sawer, Anthony Wiilan, Edward Ward, Thomas Blaikling, John 
Bland, James HebUihwaii) had jointly answered as Governours 
for that free Grammar School, incorporated by King Edward 
the sixt, and proceeded to examine Witnesses with all advantage, 
the said Foxcrofi being not only their Clerk in Court, but also 
making himself Commissioner, and Clerk to the Commission, 
whilest he examined a part by a strange Commission, most 
fraudulently carried on with full purpose of reproach and pre- 
judice to your Petitioner: Yet for all this they waved the justest 
principle of common practise viz. consensus tollit errorem, and this 
punctilio of regularity was applauded to the infinite prejudice of 
your Petitioner, who being already exhausted, is now put to a 
renued charge (under which he must needs perish) and they 
animated to continue in their oppression, having already by the 
assistance of one George Otway put another in place (a vild 
fellow, and only for their own purpose) and nayling up the 
School loft door, they have forcibly excluded your Orator from 
the exercise of his Office, and from all accomodation either 
fitting or convenient. Seizing also upon the Lands which since 

Notes from the College Records. 123 

his entrance were ever in his possession, and ought so to bee 
by the Letters Patents. Therefore your Petitioner in great 
heaviness of spirit pondering the spiteful combination in many 
places of factious and prophane miscreants, together with the 
iniquity and tyranny of that which is called Justice in its 
practice and dispensation. And hearing from very good hands 
of a pernicious designe which some jolly time servers have ia 
project, WW, to strip your Highnesse of all power, by continuing 
themselves and promoting others (of base minds and servile 
spirits) into all places of profit, trust, or authority, in order to 
the mine of that righteons interest which God hath owned tn a 
wonderfull way beyond ordinary. 

Your Petitioner humbly prayeth your Highnesses Order 
for his Restitution to the Place and Exercise of his Office, 
as also to what other things have been forcibly detayned 
from him by the factious spite of these Feoffees, and the 
fury of such, who from fear or mallice^ secood their 
malignity, as will clearly appear by two other Petitions 
directed to your Highnesse in this total dispaire of any 
true redresse. Secondly, seeing your Petitioner hath prof- 
fered to double the means (upon their discharge of 
duty) for the good of the School and Common wealthy 
(which they have slighted and denied) That they may bee 
commanded to quit their usurped power, and according to 
the tenour of the Letters Patents, to chuse some honest and 
undetected men, who shall be lawfully sworn to perform 
their trust, according to the end expressed in their Patents^ 
which should be the Law and Rule of their power. Thirdly^ 
that seeing the aforesayd Feoffees have wilfully avoyded an 
hearing, to weary out your Oratour of all judgement, for 
want of moneyes to pay for it. That upon their full 
Answer to the charge of this renued Bill the master of the 
Rowles, or the Lords Commissioners may bee enjoyned to 
appoint an hearing; and upon these depositions already 
Swome and Published, to order and decree according to 
Justice and Equity, as touching your Petitioners charges 
and arreares, mauger all such triviall irregularities, as turneth 
Judgement into Gall, and the fruite of Justice into worme* 

And your Petitioner shall evety pray &c. 

124 Notes from the College Records. 


Oliukr p. 

We refer this Peticon to the Masters of the Rolls to Certifio 

vnto vs whatte is fitte to bee done ffor the Peticoners releife. 
Julii 14th, 1655^ 

It would appear however that these Petitions, well 
worded as they are, were of no avail and Mr Jackson 
had to go in obedience to the following order. 

Y9th Marchi By the Comm'* for ejectinge scandalous ignorant 
1655.* and insufficient Ministers and schoole Masters 

for the Westriddinge and Cittie of Yorke. 
Whereas articles of scandall have beene exhibitted to these 
Commiss" bytwist Richard Jackson Master of the free Schoole 
at Sedbergh in the Westridinge of the County of Yorke ? and 
notwithstandinge anie defence which the said Richard Jackson 
could make, it is sufficiently proued upon oath by diverse 
iirittnesses That he the said Richard Jackson hath beene a 
comon frequenter of Alehouses and hath beene for 3 or 4 dayes 
Together distempered with drinke, And hath beene drunke vpon 
severall Lordes dayes, And also that he hath beene of late 
negligent in his schoole, leauinge the same for att least 3 
monethes together and duringe that time locked vpp the 
Bchocle doores, discharged his Vsher and Schollers All which 
haueinge been considered Wee doe hereby Eiecte and displace 
the said Mr Richard Jackson from his place and charge hereto^ 
fore had or exercised in the aforesaid schoole of Sedbergh and 
from the benefitt belonging to the said schoole. 

JoHK Gbldart 
J: Dickinson 
Robert Washington 
Thomas Bourchibr 
Jo: Wordsworth 
Having now got rid of Jackson, the Grovemors 
addressed the College on the subject of his successor. 
It seems that they would gladly have had Richard 
Garthwaite who had acted as assistant to Jackson. 
Garth waite was admitted to St John's 30 April 1640, 
eind'Was bom in Dent, so that he was a local man. 

« i>. 1658. 

Notes from the College Records. 125 

The two documents which follow shew in what high 
esteem he was held in Sedbergh. 

To the Reverend the Master and Senior fellowes of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. 

We whose names are here vnder written out of that good and 
laudable Opinion we have long since conceiud and doe still 
retaine of the worth and vertues of Mr Richard Garthwait 
Mr of Artes of your Colledge as well in reference to his Civill 
and studious demeanour there as his vigillant and blamelesse 
behaviour here Doe Craue leave to tender this our Ingenuous 
Manifesto to y' Reverend grave and most Judicious thoughts 
(wz.) that we humbly conceiue and in our Consciences are fully 
persuaded that the said Mr Garthwaite is very able and thorowly 
accomplished for the Inspection ouer the free Grammer Schoole 
of Sedbergh in Relation to the Magisteriall Charge thereof, he 
being (as many yeares experience hath well hinted to vs) 
exemplarie in Manners, dexterous in Method, Industrious in 
discipline; And (which sweetens all other endowments) both 
peaceable in disposition and Pious in life and Conversation : 
And whereas we haue been requested by Sundry persons well 
devoted towards learned and Religious promotions XA vertue 
not too Epidemicall in these divided times) wee hold ourselues 
in Some measure Obliged to offer vpp this testimonial! result not 
so much, of our affections as our many and these well grounded 
perswasions.: Wherevnto (Graue Sirs) wee Add noe more but 
once againe Craue pardon for this our bouldnes humbly 
Subscribing our Selues 

Your woP* servants in all 
Christian duties 
Richard Jackson Samuel Harrison 

Rector of Whittington m inister of Killington 

Geo. ffoTHERGiLL William Waller 

Minister of Orton minister of Denie 

John Smith Geor: Burton 

minister at Kirkhy Lonsdale Schoolemaster of the free school of 

Richard Tatham ffRANCis Jackson 

Minister at Heversham master of y* free Schoole of 

Leo : Burton Kyrkhy-Lonsdale 

pastor ibidem 

126 Notes from the College Records. 

To the Right Worshippfull the Master and Senior fellowes of 
St Johns Colledge in Cambridge. 

The humble Petition of the Governors of the free Grammer 
Schoole of Sedbergh together with the Minister and 
inhabitants thereof. 

Sheweth : 

That whereas wee y' Petitioners (out of a deep sense of our 
many sufferings and no lesse dangers impending the sad con- 
dicon of the free grammer schoole of Sedbergh by the vnhappy 
Managerie of Mr Richard Jackson then master thereof) were 
constrained to pursue our most just complaintes even to the 
Gates of your Colledg since when (by divine prouidence and 
your pious Indulgence towardes vs) we blesse God for it we 
thankfully enioy a happie change of a meeke peaceable and 
painfull teacher Instead of a Cruell, Covetous and vnconscion- 
able controller, To say no more for wee delight neither in 
renewing the memory of by gone pressures nor in repeating the 
number of former Complaints which (if need were) might ia 
reason be rather Augmented then in any wise Retracted by vs. 
But we leaue him to his Augmentation at his church at Garsdall 
where now he lines. And we thank God for that good provid- 
ence hath placed him so farre distant from vs, who, while he 
might have peaceably lined amongst vs, studied nothing more 
than how to be at variance with vs. 

May it therefore please your graue Wisdome amongst other 
pious Intentions and endeavours (which we have euer found 
ready to advance Religious and conscientious designes) to 
confirme that our former and this our present petition with your 
suffrage in confirming the Mastershipp of the free Grammer 
Schoole of Sedbergh on Mr Richard Garthwaite Mr of Artes of 
your Colledge who as well in the presence as absence of the 
late former Incumbent has for many yeares past borne the 
burthen of the Cure not withstanding these manie disincourage- 
ments that haue attended him. from whome hstuing reapt so 
many harvests of exemplarie life. Civill deportment with a 
carefull and industrious discharge of the duties enioyned him^ 
We cannot (without much wrong done him) but once more 
Crave leave to present him to your Worshipps graue and most 
Judicious approbation who (we doubt not) like a gratefull River 

Notes from the Collgee Records. 127 

will (by the blessing of God) retume many fresh Streames (in 
token of a thankfull heart) to that vaste Ocean of Religion and 
Learning from whence he sometime sprang, that God may haue 
the honnour, the Churqh and Commonwealth the benefitt and 
the late desolate Schoole of Sedbergh (with those that belong 
vnto it) the Comfort of this so much desired And no lesse (we 
hope) desemed Recommenda^n And your petitioners shall 
ever pray &c. 

(The signatures of Seven governors of the School and of 129 
inhabitants of Sedbergh follow). 

Mr Garthwaite also addressed his own petition to 
the College. If the Greek letter to which he refers was 
sent; it has unfortunately not been preserved. 

Literarum Antistes 

Pridem in conspectnm splendoris vestri, officiosam banc 
schedulam detulissem, modo amplitudinis vestrae reuerentia me 
a scribendo non cohibuisset; verebar etiam ne viderer aut alieni 
appetens aut assentatiuncul& quadam aucupari gratiam. Nihilo- 
minos (cum aliorum operd, aditus ad te mihi quodamodo pate- 
factus est) pudore quodam subrustico suffusus, scripsi quod 
epistoia non erubescat. et nescio sane an dintinum meum 
silentium, an hae literulae inuiti (quod aiunt) Minerui com- 
positae, luculentius vobis imperitiae testimonium exhibebit; 
illinc modesta tacitumitas cedebat arenas, hinc imperita loqua- 
citas aciei se accingit. Qnod si ad scribendum non efflagitatus 
essem, in biuio adhuc stetissem quia consultius censui (si paruis 
compon^r^r magna licebit) nobilem ilium Cunctatorem imitan, 
qui maluit sedendo quam pugnando vincere, quam magno conatu 
nihil agere. humilime sane percupiui V. V. Societatem Xcvjc^i^ 
^n^y ir^diivai Gubernatorum nostrorum votis, me Scholas 
praeficiendo. Nam cum principis alicujus authoritate, bene 
meritis de Republica decemitur honos, gemma (Pgenuina) est 
nobilitas quum ad virtutem (omnis verae nobilitatis parentem) 
accedit principis authoritas. si suffragium vestrum fidei com* 
missorum vobis accedisset aestimationi meae, incolumitati et 
paci Scholae Sedbergenst's consultum esset. At non auscultandum 
populo. esto sane, non inficias ibo, quin vulgus ex veritate 

128 Notes from the College Records. 

pauca ex opinione multa aestimet, ideoqz^^ non abs re homines 
ingenij acumine, artium et scientiarum satellitio stipati, a 
multitudinis sententia plerninqv^ recesserunt, nimirum quod 
exploratum haberent, apud probos et ernditos momenta ratio-* 
nis plus valere, quam imbecillam, infirmamqc/^ vulgi opinio- 
nem. insignemqi^ esae temeritatem, falsa, aut certe vix dum 
satis cognita, pro veris habere. Quod ad me attinet, vt a 
laudatis viris laudari, pulchrum gloriosumqtf^ arbitror: sic a 
mails culpari, illudi, aut calumniari non moror. si quid est in 
me laude dignum diuinae benignitati acceptum refero. licet 
vulgi opinionem de me conceptam magni non facio, non 
reijciendam tamen penitus existimo. sed qaoniam non solum 
ij, sed pleriqv^ eruditi, patriae lumina, calculum adijcerunt, valde 
ingratus viderer si manibus pedibusqii/ non conarer eorum 
expectation! respondere. Quod si Reverential vestrae placeret 
ixiylnjipiiiiv et eorum omnium votis aurem patientem ac beneuolam 
accommodare iroXXac iXmdac ix^a famam Scholae Sedbetgensis ex 
cineribus (Phoenicis ad instar) reuiuiscere, cujus amore tarn 
vehementer fiagro, nt lubens impendar et superimpendar pro 
incolumitate ejusdem si parcent animae fata superstiti : ignoscas 
audaciae (Colendissime Domine) intestinis ejusdem litibus 
infanda multa perpessus fui, plura ingruentia prospicio, nisi 
insurgentes aestus tridente tuo componere digneris. at si coeptis 
nostris aspirare boni consuleres rebusqv^ nostris laborantibus 
opem ferres, non si male nunc et olim sic erit. procul dubio 
majora scholaeqii^ vtiliora beneuolentia et ofioroi^ assequenda 
sunt, quam alij rixis et litigijs contenderunt, nam concordia 
parua crescunt, at discordia magna dilabuntur. 

Epistolam alteram graece, vt potui, vereor ne ingenio plus 
quam boeotico composui ; nihilominus ipsa candoris et humani- 
tatis vestrae fama, magnam timoris partem extulit, quod si 
tenuiculum hoc obseruantiae meae (vir reuerendissime) indicium, 
festinatum magis quam exactnm non auersaris, posthac grandia 
conabor; et quae per temporis angustias assequi inteUigenti^ 
nequeam, saltem persequi diligently contendam. Utcunqi^^ 
non omnino male mecum actum esse reputabo, si idem mihi 
euenerit, quod Seneca de quodam refert qui cum bis in eodem 
die, graece et latine declamasset et sciscitaretur a quodam 
quomodo perorasset responsum tulit, bene icai kqicwc, bene latine 
perperam graece. quoniam si o^aX/ia n ivpyc seu graecum sine 
latinum magna mihi spes est candorem vestrum non iniqud 

Notes from the College Records. 129 

ferre, sed potius ut solent amantes amicorum naeuis delectari-. 
Sed vereor ne molestiis fuero importuno officio. Vale itaq«^ 
XafivpoTQTri Ki^dXri et me vilissimum caput ad pedes vestros 
deflexum propitio digneris ocello. 

Tua Amplitudini deuotissimus 

Ric. Garth WAITE. 
feb. Sedbergensis. 

The choice of the College, however, fell upon James 
Buchanan M.A. of Sidney College. According to 
some letters from Sedbergh preserved in College, 
Richard' Garth waite became Master of Kirkby Lons- 
dale School. The Admission Register shews that he 
sent a number of boys to the College. He probably 
remained at Kirkby Lonsdale until 1669, when he 
became Head Master of the Free Grammar School 
at Newcastle upon Tyne (Carlisle, Endowed Schools ii 
256). He published a censure upon Lilly's Grammar. 
He was removed from Newcastle in 1690. 

Note. — Mr W. D. Fane, of Melbourne Hall, Derby, 
sends the following notes : — 

In the EagUy vol xvii, p. 144, Valentine Carey, Bishop 
of Exeter, writing to the Master of St John's, 3 October 
1623, makes interest for a * SchoUership ' for one of the 
two sons of his brother [in law] John Coke. John Coke 
(afterwards a Master of Requests, and then from 1625 to 
1640 one of the two principal Secretaries of State) 
became possessed of this house (in which I have lived 
for 19 years), now possessed by his descendant Lord 
Cowper. He left a large quantity of papers, which are 
preserved in the Muniment Room here. Most of these 
have recently been published by the Historical MSS 
Commission^ and I believe copies of the three volumes of 
the Coke Papers are in the College Library. 

It will be seen in the Introduction to that publication 
VOL. xvill. S 

130 Notes from the College Records. 

that the two sons mentioned by " Val. Exon." both went 
to Trinity College, that the elder died at the end of his 
first term, and the younger became Sir John Coke, 
M.P. for Derbyshire in the Long Parliament, and one of 
the Commissioners to take charge of King Charles at 
Newcastle and Holdenby. 

A third son, Thomas Coke, was also at Trinity, 
Member in the Long Parliament for Leicester Borough, 
an adherent of King Charles I and II, arrested and 
attainted for * treason' in 1656; whereupon he became 
an informer and was reprieved. His * informations' are 
set out in the Welbeck Papers of the Duke of Portland, 
Hist, MSS Commission, 

Mr Fane also draws attention to the fact that there 
is a statement of the expenses of Lord Percy at St John's 
College, Cambridge, 16 14 — 1615. Hist. MSS Comm. 
Report VI. p. 230 b. See also 1647, Nov 15, ibid, p, 
209 b, Dec 4, ibid. 214 a. 

R. F. S. 

(To be continued.) 


(Attempted in consequence of a challenge). 

[" * Mrs Harris/ I says to her, * dont name th^ 
charge, for if I could afford to lay all my feller creeturs 
out for nothink I would gladly do it ; sich is the love 
I bear 'em. But what I always says to them as has 
the management of matters, Mrs Harris,' " — here she 
kept her eye on Mr Pecksniff — " * be they gents or be 
they ladies — is, Dont ask me whether I wont take none, 
or whether I will, but leave the bottle on the chimley 
piece, and let me put my lips to it when I am so 
dispoged/ " Martin Chuzzlewitf Chap. xix]. 

** S9 l^ar'* avrap iym /juv afiu^ofiivfi wpoaieiiroy, 

' Saifiovii^t * AppiaaiaSim ako")^ avrtOioio, 

fAtj 6riv hii irepX fiiadov avelpeOf fifjS' ovofia^ e 

rolyi rydp roi iywv dyavij xal ^iriff €tfAl, 

^ Key Xaoy airayr et ^04 Svyafih ye vapettf, 

alrov iiFfjeravov jSiorov 0* aXt^ eySov iovro^, 

aairaaito^ Kal afAiaOo^ iovaa TrepiarelXaifi^ 

[iv \€KTpq> Xi^aaa ravfjXeyio^ davdroio 

airni, 09 tc€ Sdvfiai ^por&v koX ttotplov iirlairj}.'] 

aW €/e Tot ip€<o ai^ 8' evl (ppeal /SdWeo afjatv^'^'^ 

oaae Bi oi Ue^veltpoy iaiSpaxoy datceXe^ aid — 

'^ ' teeivoiatv yap irdtri in<f>av<rKOiiiyri dyopevo} 

efr' avSp^ etre yvvai^ oriip rdSe Spy a fiifjkfjiXeVp 

& <l)t\ep riirre av raura /*' dveipeai ; ovSi Tt ae xpif 

iSfjiivai fj iSiXfo viveiv fiidv, ^€ xal ovx,i* 

el S' ay* iir* ia'xdpO(l)iv xdraOh Siva^ ^Seo? otyov, 

S<l)p* iv x^P^^^ ^^^ irlvovad re repirop.ivrj re, 

X^iXed T€ wpoadeia* oiroray ^iXov Tjrop dycoy]^,^ '* 

Samuel Butler. 


I HE service of philosophy/' writes Mr Pater 
in the beautiful conclusion of his book on 
the Renaissance — "the service of philo- 
sophy, and of religion and culture as well, 
to the human spirit, is to startle it into a sharp and 
eager observation. Every moment some form grows 
perfect in hand or face ; some tone on the hills or sea is 
choicer than the rest ; some mood of passion or insight 
or intellectual excitement is irresistibly real and attrac- 
tive for us — for that moment only. Not the fruit of 
experience, but experience itself is the end. A counted 
number of pulses only is given to us of a variegated 
dramatic life. How may we see in them all that 
is to be seen in them by the finest senses ? How can 
we pass most swiftly from point to point, and be present 
always at the focus where the greatest number of vital 
forces unite in their purest energy ? " 

Mr Pater, in five short volumes of exquisite prose, 
has given us some results of his attempt to solve that 
question. He has lived among impressions: he has 
made use of that counted number of pulses to the full : 
and what sweet fragments he has arrested from the 
perpetual flux of things he has imparted by the power 
of his pen to those who, like himself, are earnestly 
seeking to catch in fleeting things some reflexion of the 
True and Beautiful. His life is quiet and reserved ; a 
life of contemplation, admitting of little converse with 
the outer world ; a tranquil, self-reliant, self-controlled 
existence, too busy with the inner motions of the soul to 
pay much attention to the accidents of human life. 

Waller Pater. 133 

To write the record of such a life is a mere matter of 
dates. Walter Horatio Pater was born in London on 
the 4th of August 1839, the son of Mr Richard Glode 
Pater, and was educated at King's School, Canterbury, 
which he left for Oxford when he was eighteen. His 
essay on Winckelmann, to many the most precious 
thing he has written, appeared the year before in the 
Weslmtnsler Review for January 1857 — surely a most* 
singular instance of boyish precocity. He was entered 
at Queen's College, Oxford, on the nth of June 1858, 
and took his degree in 1862, with a second class in 
Classics. Two years later, at the age of twenty-three, 
he was elected a Fellow of Brasenose, where he became 
a Tutor in 1867, and continued to hold that office until 
1883. In 1873 he published his famous Sltidies in the 
History of the Renaissance^ which have been followed, 
during the last ten years, by Marius the Epicurean^ 
Imaginary Portraits^ Appreciations^ and a series 
of lectures on Plato and Platonism^ the last-men- 
tioned book appearing in the spring of last year. 
Besides these volumes, he has written at intervals for 
magazines and reviews. 

The book which made his fame, and by which he will 
be remembered, is that first book, Studies in the 
History of the Renaissance. He has altered and cut 
out passages in subsequent editions to suit changes of 
thought, but, in substance, it remains the same — a 
collection of eight short and brilliant essays, covering 
almost every aspect of that splendid era, and extending 
from the very birth of modern literature in Provence at 
the end of the thirteenth century, to the revival of the 
Hellenic spirit under Winckelmann in 1764. The book 
is short but priceless. No student of the Renaissance, 
the most fascinating, the most paradoxical period of the 
world's history, has ever seen so deeply into its spirit, 
or has criticised its leading features from such a catholic 
point of view. 

It is hard to select from these studies. Undoubtedly, 

134 Waller Pater. 

in point of style, the short essay on Botticelli, and the 
magnificent appreciation of Lionardo da Vinci, are the 
best : and on them the eye loves to dwell to the exclu- 
sion of their staider and more sober companions — ^but 
all are perfect in style and matter. There are no crude 
vulgarisms, no tasteless rhapsodies — the whole work 
moves along slowly and with stately self-control, amid 
absolute calm and tranquillity. 

The Renaissance, as Mr Pater understands it, was a 
"general and enlightening stimulus of the human 
mind " which " may be traced far into the middle age 
itself, with its qualities already clearly pronounced, the 
care for physical beauty, the worship of the body, the 
breaking down of those limits which the religious 
system of the middle age imposed on the heart and the 
imagination." And this is why he begins his book with 
the little Provencal novel Aucasstn et Nicolelle^ 
which, written for a large circle of readers of all classes, 
reflects so much of the poetry of the Troubadours, and 
translates into the language of daily life the high-flown 
love strains of Bernard de Ventadour and Pierre VidaL 
As we read this short critique, we feel how the 
mediaeval spirit prepared itself for the full glory of the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, revolting from the 
constraint and formula of religious dogma, and losing 
itself in the idolatry of love, as when Tannhauser lost 
his heart and gave his soul to the goddess in the caverns 
of the Venusberg. 

In the essay on Pico della Mirandola, we read how 
this desire for freedom from the trammels of con- 
ventional thought resulted in the revival of ancient 
learning : how Lorenzo the Magnificent and his court 
varied their statecraft and their amours with* learned 
research. Hellenism revived, and the Hellenic desire 
for beauty and perfection of form led to the cultivation 
of the fine arts — sculpture and painting. Sandro 
Botticelli in painting, Luca della Robbia in sculpture — 
these are the two examples Mr Pater chooses from the 

Walter Pater. 135 

earlier artists, to show the development of the sister 
arts. And then, turning from the goldsmiths, painters, 
and sculptors of Florence, from Italian art in its youth, 
we arrive at the splendour and perfect beauty of its 
manhood, manifested in the two greatest men of genius 
of the Renaissance, Michelangelo and Lionardo da 

** Out of the strong came forth sweetness " — that is 
the text of the essay on the " Poetry of Michelangelo." 
Mr Pater shows how the great sculptor, attractive to 
some, repellent to others in the very strength of his 
conceptions, nevertheless, by his love of life, by his 
longing for the unseen ideal beauty, infused into them a 
certain sweetness and gentleness. This view of his work 
is not apparent to everyone. The ability of Michelangelo 
to give life to his figures — that suggestion of life in which, 
Mr Pater says, lies his sweetness — has been denied by a 
school of eminent critics. Mr Ruskin, in his pamphlet 
on the relation between Michelangelo and Tintoret, has 
asserted that Michelangelo studied his anatomy and the 
pose of his figures exclusively from the dead body. 
And, if this be admitted, at once the sweetness vanishes, 
and the strength remains, with touches of the grotesque 
and macabre. 

Such critics, in their fervent, exclusive, short-sighted 
devotion to mediaeval art, to the virgins of Fra 
Angelico, or the suffering saints of Filippino Lippi, fail 
to appreciate the pagan, the Hellenic element in 
Michelangelo and Raffaelle. Their movement is 
essentially retrograde ; they would have art advance to 
a certain point, and go no farther. But Mr Pater 
acknowledges the necessity of artistic progress, and, in 
the catholicity of his heart, just as he appreciates to the 
full the Christian mysticism of Botticelli and his con- 
temporaries, so he advances to the fuller perfection of art 
in Michelangelo, Raffaelle, and the Venetian school. 
Perhaps no juster criticism of Michelangelo, that unique 
figure in whom all the arts are co-related, who stood 

136 Walter Pater. 

out from the workshop of the stiff, stilted Ghirlandajo 
to make an epoch in the history of art, has ever been 
written than this. 

In the essay on "Lionardo da Vinci," Mr Pater 
comes nearest to us. The Master has given some of 
his own temperament to him. Lionardo, ever on the 
search for impressions, noting down the " strange eyes 
or hair " of those who passed him in the streets, imbued 
with the smiling of women and the solemn movement 
of water, with his passionate affection for those four 
friends, pupils, and servants, with their wavy curling 
hair, whose figures stand round the base of his statue 
in Milan — this is the man of all men whom Mr Pater 
can love and sympathise with. How exquisitely, for 
instance, does he follow through Lionardo's greatest 
paintings his love for moving water. "You may 
follow it springing from its distant source among the 
rocks on the heath of the * Madonna of the Balances,' 
passing as a little fall into the treacherous calm of 
the * Madonna of the Lake,' next, as a goodly river 
below the cliffs of the * Madonna of the Rocks,' washing 
the white walls of its distant villages, stealing out in 
a network of divided streams in * La Gioconda ' to the 
sea-shore of the * Saint Anne' — that delicate place 
where the wind passes like the hand of some fine etcher 
over the surface, and the untorn shells lie thick upon 
the sand, and the tops of the rocks to which the waves 
never rise are green with grass grown fine as hair." 

Of this essay I shall speak more fully when the 
time comes to discuss Mr Pater's style. The book 
passes on to the lyric poets of France — the illustrious 
Pleiad of court bards, headed by Ronsard and Joachim 
du Bellay, who gives his name to this chapter. And, 
lastly, from French sonneteers we come to Winckel- 
mann, the great German, who, amid the frigid con- 
ventionalities of the last century, realised the ideal 
Hellenic beauty, as one born out of due time. Here 
again we find Mr Pater in full sympathy with his 

Walter Patef. 137 

subject. The love of bodily beauty which found its 
only adequate expression in Greek sculpture is common 
to Winckelmann and Mr Pater. Painting, they both 
feel, however prerfect it may be, can only suggest the 
soul : in sculpture the soul is plainly manifested in the 
body. And thus in this essay, the work, it must be 
remembered, of a schoolboy, Mr Pater has given us 
one of the most admirable and sympathetic appreciations 
of Greek art which we possess. He has also done 
service to the memory of Winckelmann in the short 
sketch of his romantic life. Winckelmann has been 
overshadowed in the past by his greater disciple, 
Groethe : some of this shadow Mr Pater has removed 
for us. 

We shall perhaps find it more useful to anticipate 
Mr Pater's second great work Marius by a brief 
glance at the three minor volumes, although their 
appearance has been of later date. And first, let us 
look at AppreciaHo7ts published in 1889. This book 
is a collection of essays, principally on English 
literature. It cannot be denied that it is his most 
unequal attempt. Some of the essays, and especially 
those on " Sir Thomas Browne " and *' Shakspere's 
English Kings," are good ; but the majority, not even 
excluding the often praised critique of Wordsworth, 
are very indifferent — vague metaphysical meanderings, 
written in a somewhat turgid style, contrasting oddly 
with the style of the Renaissance. Yet the image of 
Shakspere's Richard the Second, as he conceives it, 
royal, slim, dainty and beautiful, with the holy oil 
of anointing on its head, and the dignity of an anointed 
king in its heart, ranks beside and claims kinship 
with those other figures which Mr Pater has so ex- 
quisitely outlined for us — Aucassin the debonair, like the 
mediaeval god of love, the delicate Flavian, and the 
beautiful clean-limbed Denys of Auxerre. 

Denys of Auxerre comes home to our. hearts most of 
the four youths whom Mr Pater has depicted in Ima- 
VOL. xviu. T 

138 Walter Pater. 

ginary Portraits, No greater contrast could be found 
than that which exists between the four. Watteau, the 
'* Prince of Court Painters," all afire to gain fame with 
his brush at the French Court : Denys TAuxerrois, half 
a pagan god revisiting the earth, half a prophet, 
Savonarola-like, inciting his townsmen on to the build- 
ing of their cathedral, and at last murdered by them, 
in the fury of middle-age ecclesiasticism and super- 
.stition, as a dealer in the Black Art: Sebastian van 
Storck, retiring from the simple life of a Dutch country- 
house into mystic research : Duke Carl of Rosenmold, 
yearning, amid Teutonic barbarism, for the new musical 
and artistic culture of Italy— all are different, and all 
Mr Pater has endowed with life in one of the most 
fascinating books of modern days, a book which is a 
diary of delicious moments, a storehouse of beautiful 
scenes. He who is fortunate enough to read it for the 
first time, finds a new world of thought and scenery 
opened for him. And perhaps, on that account, it is 
best to begin the careful study of Mr Pater's work with 
this book, the most popular, and, in a certain sense, the 
most beautiful book he has written. 

From the charming Imaginary Portraits^ it be- 
hoves us to pass to his latest book Plato and Plato^ 
nism. Clever and suggestive as it undoubtedly is, it 
contributes very little to our knowledge of the subject. 
The chapter on " Lacedaemon " is at times as good as 
his best work, and, here and there, we can perceive 
under the heap of epithet and parenthesis with which 
he has chosen to lade his later prose, some touches 
which recall the beauties of the Renaissance and 
Marius. But they are few : the book, as a whole, is 
toilsome to read, the main thread of the sentence is 
lost by the continual intrusion of long parentheses, the 
author perpetually repeats himself, and the gain, at 
the end, is inconsiderable. Mr Pater's style, so admir- 
ably suited to vivid pictorial description, as, indeed, is 
plain in the " Lacedaemon" chapter, loses itself when it 
attempts to tread the paths of abstract discussion. 

Wai^r Pater. 139 

We have reserved Marius to the last. Marius the 
Epicurean : his ideas and sensations is the title of 
the book, a subtle psychological study, a record of im- 
pressions, bound together by a slight clear narrative. 
We have presented before us Marius, a young member 
of an ancient family, decayed and impoverished by its 
members' excess, left its head by the death of his father. 
How lovely that old villa where, trained in the stern old 
Roman religion, he spent the early years of his life ! 
" The building of pale red and yellow marble, mellowed 
by age . . . was indeed but the exquisite fragment of a 
once large and sumptuous villa. Two centuries of the 
play of the sea-wind were in the velvet of the mosses 
which lay along its inaccessible ledges and angles. 
Here and there the marble plates had slipped from their 
places, where the delicate weeds had forced their way. 
The graceful wildness which prevailed in garden and 
farm, gave place to a singular nicety about the actual 
habitation, and a still more scrupulous sweetness and 
order reigned within . . . The little glazed windows in 
the uppermost chamber framed each its dainty land- 
scape — the pallid crags of Carrara, like wildly twisted 
snow-drifts above the purple heath : the distant harbour 
with its freight of white marble going to sea : the light- 
house temple of Venus Speciosa on its dark headland, 
amid the long-drawn curves of white breakers. Even 
on summer nights the air there had always a motion in 
it, and drove the scent of the new-mown hay along all 
the passages of the house." 

What wonder that the boy, with this perfect home on 
the slopes of Luna, grows up peculiarly sensitive to im- 
pressions ! The very name of that home. Ad Vigilias 
Albas, White-Nights, has something of mystery and 
romance about it to affect the mind. Troubled by some 
boyish complaint, he goes to be healed at a temple of 
Aesculapius, far among the mountains, and there, from 
the lips of a bland white-robed priest, he learns 
the secret which afterwards moulded his life— the secret 

140 Walter Pater. 

of living among the beautiful and for the beautiful, of 
putting out of sight what is sordid and vile, and so 
transforming the mind and, as far as possible, the body, 
into conformation with ideal beauty. 

Then follows the death of his mother, the sacred 
woman with the shadow of grief upon her, who to her 
son had always seemed divine, and his schooldays at 
Pisa, told in a succession of beautiful pictures. His 
schooldays furnish the most interesting episode of his 
career, his tender love and friendship for Flavian, a 
brilliant proud youth, the son of a freedman, devoted to 
the study of that Euphuism which, under Apuleius, was 
the chief literary mark of the Antonine age — the dainty, 
choice selection of words and phrases which always 
sounds a note of decadence in literature. Marius and 
Flavian are inseparable: Flavian writes quaint odes, 
stimulated by impressions received in the streets — ^how 
like Lionardo I — and Marius, the younger, admires and 
tries to follow his example. But the bright, beautiful 
Flavian dies: the animula vagula goes away-^- 
whither ? and Marius is left alone. 

It is at this point that his Epicureanism begins to 
develop. Left solitary by the death of his friend— for 
his is one of those natures which experience few attach* 
ments, and those in an almost exaggerated intensity — 
he turns himself to the doctrine of the Cyrenaic school, 
and lives to catch continual impressions, beautiful sights, 
sounds, odours, preserved from the inconstant flux of all 
things, and treasured in the memory. In this state of 
mind, with his natural receptivity of soul cultured to an 
abnormal sensibility of what is curious, beautiful and 
romantic, he journeys to Rome, to fill the place of 
amanuensis to the emperor. 

On his journey he falls in with the second man 
whom he is destined to love — the centurion Cornelius, 
a sweet but shadowy figure, of whom we would fain 
know more. The arrival in Rome, the return of Marcus 
Aurelius, the imperial household, the gladiatorial 

Walter Pater. 141 

contest in the arena, the dinner-party at Tusculum 
where Apuleius was a guest — these are but a few of 
the bright, tranquil pictures we get of Marius' life in 
the Imperial city. The problem of life seems to him 
more puzzling than of old, when he sees on the one 
hand the Stoic emperor, with his strangely contradictory 
moods, and his signal indulgence towards his licentious 
brother and adulterous wife; and, on the other, his 
friend Cornelius, placid and pure of heart, in whom 
there is surely something, some deep-set philosophy 
below the surface, which produces that unusual calm- 
ness, whose secrets even the dearest friend cannot 

Cornelius' philosophy at length becomes apparent — 
he belongs to the new sect of Christians, allowed, 
during this period, the "Minor Peace of the Church," 
to rest unmolested and hold their worship as they 
would. And Marius, in the house of Caecilia Metella, 
is introduced to their deepest and grandest ceremony, 
the celebration of the Holy Eucharist. Already led 
to believe in some divine companion along the road 
of life, some Ideal, some Eternal Reason, some Father 
of Men, these sacred mysteries move him to the very 
depths of his soul, and he often attends the service, 
wondering at its profound meaning, its purifying and 
soothing influence on a character like that of his friend. 

And so he unconsciously, but surely, arrives nearer 
and nearer Christianity. The breaking of the storm 
over the Church, the deaths of the martyrs, and the 
visit to his old home and his mother's tomb, act 
powerfully upon that habit of subjective meditation in 
which it is his custom to indulge. So it is that w^ 
find him at a little town, lying on the road between the 
hillside villa and Rome, in the company of Cornelius. 
The town, already plague-stricken, is visited by an 
earthquake ; the pagan populace, enraged and suspicious, 
attack the Christians at their prayers round a martyrs 
shrine, and slay two more of their number. The 

142 Walter Paier. 

guards quell the tumult, and seize the rest of the 
Christians, among them Cornelius and Marius, who 
had been present at the service, as had of late been 
his use. 

Then comes the end. The selfish, self-absorbed 
Epicurean sees, as by a flash of inspiration, the virtue 
of self-sacrifice. He aids Cornelius in his escape, and 
remains to suffer himself. Dragged by his guards 
over rough mountain roads, his delicate frame utterly 
worn out by the unaccustomed travel and hard usage, 
he falls sick of a fever in a rude wayside hut. 
There he lies with his senses slowly ebbing away 
from him, looking over his past life in the instant of 
death, summing up these precious ideas, those ex- 
quisite sensations, those happy, short-lived friendships, 
and so in calm repose, amid a supreme hush and 
tranquillity, he sinks into his last sleep, fortified at 
the moment when his strength fails him and his sight 
grows dim, by the consolations of the Church, the 
super-substantial bread of Christians. So he dies : so 
rests his soul, that antma naturaliter Christiana in 
conquest over self by a virtual martyrdom. 

The book glides gently to its close. There is no 
noise and hurry in its ending. From beginning to end, 
through that brilliant succession of bright pictures, it 
moves along with a slow, peaceful stateliness : there are 
no hasty abrupt transitions to mar its perfect evenness 
and uniformity, no wasted energy, no feverish nervous- 
ness : it is a consummate masterpiece of art, fully rounded 
off, elaborated and perfected. In its self-restraint, its 
concentration on its subject, its utter stillness, it is 

This stateliness of motion, this statuesque perfection, 
gives Mr Pater's style its principal charm. The very 
choiceness and beauty of his language, the trim, well- 
balanced order of his sentences, the happiness of his 
phrases, soothes and purifies the reader's mind. To 
read his prose is to walk in a garden, planted with 

Walter Pater . 143 

fragrant flowers, the rare exotic plants often mingled 
with the more simple blooms of native growth, but all 
harmonised into one graceful whole by the gardener's 
utmost love and skill. In the cool air, filled with rich 
scents, there hangs a strange silence, a peace which 
assuages the passions and calms the mind. 

Yet the style, with all its alluring seductiveness of 
form and colour, has little spontaneity. It depends on 
a careful selection of words, an orderly arrangement of 
sentences. Mr Pater corresponds in English to Apu- 
leius in Latin — to Apuleius, whose spirit he has so 
sympathetically reproduced in his incomparable trans- 
lation of the story of Cupid and Psyche. He feels it his 
mission to refine our common speech, to reconcile ex- 
pressive foreign phrases with it, to seek fine shades of 
meaning for his epithets — in a word, to euphuise our 
language. And, beautiful and pleasing to the eye as it 
is, at the same time, euphuistic style is a mark of literary 
decadence. The French of Gautier, Flaubert, Feuillet, 
and the more modern brothers de Goncourt, has left 
its trace on Mr Pater's style. We learn it from the 
postscript to AppreciattonSy and his use of epithets in a 
purely French sense throughout his works confirms its 

In his later books, he has carried his euphuism to 
excess. I have spoken of the style of Appreciations 
and Plato, There is little left of that beauty and 
winning freshness which attracts every reader who cares 
a single jot for English prose style to the Renaissance. 
The calmness and stillness indeed remain, but every 
now and then they sink into lethargy : the Gallic influ- 
ence has the victory, and all the writer's art fails to 
conceal the hunt after epithets, the torturing of words 
to suit alien senses. We have to tread every sentence 
like a maze, coming here and there to impenetrable 
masses of parentheses and barricades of participles, 
always beset by the fear that we shall meet in the next 
line, in the next word, some unconquerable difficulty of 
construction or meaning. 

144 Waller Pater. 

After all, we can easily forgive his affectation, his too 
scrupulous nicety in the selection of his vocabulary, 
when we consider the pictorial quality of his style. No 
author, ancient or modern, has been better able to bring- 
before our eyes what he wants to describe. All his best 
work is a series of grand pictorial effects ; at first they 
are mere impressionist sketches, then the details, faintly 
suggested in the rough outline, are filled in ; and lastly 
he triumphantly sets his picture before us in its com- 
plete beauty. His paper is his canvas, every word is a 
touch of the brush. The colours are bright, but always 
laid on with sparing hand, never garish and gaudy. 
And the strength of his art sometimes lies in a single 
phrase. What a complete picture, for instance, he gives 
of Lacedaemon in five words : " The solemn old moun- 
tain village." Or of Cyrene — " the brilliant old Greek 
colony on its fresh upland by the sea." Nowhere can 
we realise his gentle touch, his vivid colour, more than 
in the already quoted description of White-Nights, 
Marius' home among the Tuscan hills. 

Not only is his landscape perfect : he is also a portrait 
painter. His characters stand out sharply and dis- 
tinctly. Suave, delicate, and serene they pass before 
us in procession. Pico della Mirandola, Lionardo, 
Marcus Aurelius, Watteau, Richard the Second, 
Socrates— these are but a tithe of the figures he has 
painted for us. No phase of character, no type of 
thought, is ever too deep for his insight, too difficult 
material for his art. "A man of about five-and-forty 
years of age " — thus he describes Aurelius — ** with 
prominent eyes — eyes which, although demurely down- 
cast during this essentially religious ceremony, were by 
nature broadly and benignantly observant. He was 
still in the main as we see him in the busts which repre- 
sent his gracious and courtly youth, when Hadrian had 
playfully called him, not Verus, after the name of his 
father, but Verissimus, for his candour of gaze and the 
bland capacity of the brow which, below the brown hair 

Waller Paler. 145 

clustering thickly as of old, shone out low, broad and 
clear, and still without a trace of the trouble of his lips. 
You see the brow of one who, amid the blindness or 
perplexity of the people about him, understood all 
things clearly : the dilemma to which his experience so 
far had brought him, between Chance with meek re- 
signation and Providence with boundless possibilities 
and hope, being, for him at least, distinctly defined." 

And again, to take another example of this portrait 
art, what a picture he gives us of his beloved Apuleius ! 
** There was a piquancy in his rococo^ very African, and 
as it were perfumed personality, though he was now 
well-nigh sixty years old — a mixture of that sort of 
Platonic spiritualism which could speak of the soul of 
man as but a sojourner in the prison of the body really 
foreign to it, with such a relish for merely bodily graces 
as availed to set the fashion in matters of dress, deport- 
ment, accent, and the like, nay! with something also 
which reminded Marius of the vein of coarseness he had 
found in the Golden Book** 

From Mr Pater's merits as a master of pictorial style, 
it is but a natural transition to his merits as an art- 
critic. And in this department he displays a marvellous 
catholicity of temperament. We have remarked his 
love for sculpture, his adoration of ideal Hellenic 
beauty: his appreciation of painting is equal. And 
not of a limited school of painting only, but of all 
schools and nations. In his own word-pictures, we 
find the influence of them all : the centurion Cornelius, 
arrayed in full armour in the darkened room of the 
inn — what is he but Giorgione's study of a knight in 
our J»f ational Gallery ? And again, in the opening 
scene of " Sebastian van Storck," we have an ice-scene 
by Isaac van Ostade or some other of the genre 
painters of the Netherlands. And, when the priest of 
. Aesculapius opened the hidden door for Marius, what 
was that gentle valley the youth saw, with its sloping 
sides, its bosom filled with troops of white-robed novices, 
VOL. xvni. u 

146 Walter Pater. 

and the faint suggestion of a "dim, rich city" in the 
background, but a landscape by Turner ? 

Thus the susceptibility of his mind to all kinds of 
painting renders him an admirable critic of pictures. 
Two famous criticisms, both often disputed, both often 
suspected to contain more style than matter, cannot be 
passed without quotation. First let us look at his 
reading of Botticelli's " Madonna of the Magnificat " in 
the Uffizii at Florence. 

"With Botticelli she too, though she holds in her 
hands the * Desire of all Nations,' is one of those who 
are neither for God nor for his enemies ; and her choice 
is on her face. The white light on it is cast up hard 
and cheerless from below, as when snow lies upon the 
ground, and the children look up with surprise at the 
strange whiteness of the ceiling. Her trouble is in the 
very caress of the mysterious child, whose gaze is 
always far from her, and who has already that sweet 
look of devotion which men have never been able 
altogether to love, and which still makes the born saint 
an object almost of suspicion to his earthly brethren. 
Once indeed he guides her hand to transcribe in a 
book the words of her exaltation, the Ave^ and the 
Magnificat^ and the Gaude Marta^ and the young angels, 
glad to rouse her for a moment from her dejection, are 
eager to hold the inkhorn and support the book ; but 
the pen almost drops from her hand, and the high, cold 
words have no meaning for her, and her true children 
are those others, in the midst of whom, in her rude 
home, the intolerable honour came to her, with that 
look of wistful enquiry on their irregular faces which 
you see in startled animals — gipsy children such as 
those who, in Apennine villages, still hold out their long 
brown arms to beg of you, but on Sundays become 
en/ants du chcsur^ with their black hair nicely combed 
and fair white linen on their sunburnt throats." 

The other picture is that famous " Monna Lisa " of 
Lionardo, in the Louvre. Thus Mr Pater interprets the 

Walter Pater. 147 

in)rstic, half serious, half wanton expression of the face 
and body. 

"The presence that thus so strangely rose beside the 
waters is expressive of what in the ways of a thousand 
years man had come to desire. Hers is the head upon 
which all the ends of the world are come, and the 
eye-lids are a little weary. It is a beauty wrought out 
from within upon the flesh, the deposit, little cell by 
cell, of strange thoughts, and fantastic reveries and ex- 
quisite passions. Set it for a moment beside one of 
those white Greek goddesses or beautiful women of 
antiquity, and how would they be troubled by this 
beauty into which the soul with all its maladies had 
passed ? All the thoughts and experience of the world 
have etched and moulded there in that which they have 
of power to refine and make expressive the outward form, 
the animalism of Greece, the lust of Rome, the reverie 
of the Middle Age with its spiritual ambition and imagi- 
native loves, the return of the Pagan world, the sins of 
the Borgias. 

*' She is older than the rocks among which she sits 5 
like the vampire, she has been dead many times, and 
learned the secrets of the grave ; and has been a diver 
in deep seas, and keeps their fallen day about her ; and 
trafficked for strange webs with Eastern merchants; 
and, as Leda, was the mother of Helen of Troy, and, as 
Saint Anne, the mother of Mary ; and all this has been 
to her but as the sound of lyres and flutes, and lives only 
in the delicacy with which it has moulded the changing 
lineaments and tinged the eyelids and the hands." 

It were a worthless task to defend Mr Pater against 
the complaint that his style is his principal object in 
writing. He is not the first against whom the accusa- 
tion of " sound without sense " has been preferred, and 
it is always easy to assail a style which deviates from 
the sober ways of English prose, and tends to refine and 
subtilise conventional forms of speech. Mr Pater's 
Renaissance by itself is an answer to its critics. No 

148 IVallor Pater. 

one who takes it up can lay it down without feeling that 
he has been given a fresh peep into that fairy world, 
that he sees that strange dream of lovely form and 
fervent passion under a new aspect. Much as the style 
may enchain and enthral him, it is the matter of the 
book that has wrought thus upon him. 

Perhaps, however, Mr Pater, in a too eager straining 
after effective style, has sometimes got a little in advance 
of his thoughts. It can hardly be said of the style that its 
characteristics include the simplicity which is the chief 
characteristic of his mind. We have before remarked 
the likeness between him and Winckelraann in their 
love for the Hellenic ideal beauty. The aim which the 
priest of Aesculapius taught Marius to pursue— the 
attainment of that gift which Plato, in the PhosdruSy calls 
the " aitoppoi] Tov KaWov^ " — the effluence of true beauty 
— which conforms our lives to the standard of our ideal, 
and repels all that is base and hideous in spirit or out- 
ward form — to .this Mr Pater has attained. In all that 
gallery of pictures which he has given us for our enjoy- 
ment and profit, there is nothing that is ugly — the 
repulsive side of things is not only hidden from us, it is 
absolutely ignored, as though it had no existence. And 
if, as in one or two cases happens, he mentions some 
circumstance that is grotesque or ignoble, he puts a 
darker shade or two into his painting, which only serves 
to contrast with and enhance the beauty of the main 
subject. This entire devotion to beauty, this keen, 
adoring love for exquisite form and colour, this casting 
behind the back of all things unbeautiful — this is the 
highest Hellenic art, and the art of Mr Pater. 

Most strongly does this worship of perfect bodily 
beauty appear in a negative quality of his work — the 
absence of old age from his pages. Splendid youth, 
ideal manhood — this we see in his characters, but old 
age is thrust aside. Once, indeed, an old man appears 
in a prominent position— Pronto, the tutor of the impe- 
rial family— but he is magnificent, dignified, venerable, 

Walier Patef. 149 

no toothless doting greybeard. In a word or two he 
dismisses the last years of Michelangelo and Lionardo : 
his business is with the prime of their youth. Flavian 
dies in his boyhood, Marius in the bloom of manhood — we 
feel that Mr Pater could not have let them live on. He 
must cut short the lives of his cherished conceptions — 
all the four heroes of Imaginary Portraits die early. 
Truly the Greek spirit, the perennial youth of Dionysius 
and Phoebus Apollo, the adoration of male comeliness 
— seldom do we meet a woman in these pages— holds 
Mr Pater as it never held men before. 

The yearning after spiritual beauty through the 
accidents of outward form or the revelations of mental 
grace, occupies a life-time — ^^ay, and life-time after life- 
time, could we only have them. Our course must be 
through a series of impressions. Moments of delight, 
of ecstatic mental elevation, the lights and shadows on 
sea and land, the shape and hues of the human face 
and form, the sunrise and sunset, the splendid picture 
or statue, rich organ-music — all are the vehicle of 
distinct impressions, of diflFerent ideas and sensations, 
which we must treasure in the store-house of our 
memories, would we reach that perfect ideal. To obtain 
our impression, the work of a mere soul-stirring moment, 
then to work it out clearly and fully in our own minds 
until it assumes the complete form ot a finished picture 
— ^that is the duty of our artistic life, that is the lesson 
which Mr Pater's books teach us. Our emotions, like the 
strings of a violin, answer to the least touch : it is for 
us to keep them in tune by using them. Yet once more 
let us quote from the author whom we have attempted 
but unsatisfactorily to pourtray. 

" While all melts under our feet, we may well catch 
at any exquisite passion, or any contribution to know- 
ledge that seems, by a lifted horizon, to set the spirit 
free for a moment, or any stirring of the senses, strange 
dyes, strange flowers, and curious odours, or work of the 
artist's hands, or the face of one's friend. Not to dis- 

I50 Walter Pater. 

criminate every moment some passionate attitude in 
those about us, and in the brilliancy of their gifts some 
tragic dividing" of forces on their ways is, on this short 
day of frost and sun, to sleep before evening. 

"We are all condamnis^ as Victor Hugo says: we 
have an interval, and then our place knows us no more. 
Some spend this interval in listlessness, some in high 
passions, the wisest in art and song. For our one 
chance is in expending that interval, in getting as many 
pulsations as possible into the given time. High 
passions give you this quickened sense of life, ecstasy, 
and sorrow o\ love, political or religious enthusiasm or 
the * enthusiasm of humanity.' Only, be sure it is 
passion, that it does yield you this fruit of a quickened, 
multiplied consciousness. Of this wisdom, the poetic 
passion, the desire for beauty, the love of art for art's 
sake has most ; for art comes to you professing frankly 
to give nothing but the highest quality to your moments 
as they pass, and simply for those moments' sake." 

This is Mr Pater's gospel of the emotions. Shall we 
follow it or reject it ? Each must answer that for him- 
self. At all events, here is one who has drunk deeply 
from the cup of exquisite sensations, and has imparted 
to the world some of its contents in the books we have 
glanced at, books full of living pictures, painted with 
wonderful grace of manner. And, although it is possible 
that they may in the next generation be put away and 
forgotten, yet Mr Pater's name will still linger in the 
hearts of many as that of the Epicurean thinker, the 
poet in prose, the painter of word-pictures, and the 
creator of a new style in English. 

A. H. T. 


\_TAe Cuckoo brings the climate of the Riviera.'] 

" Now the balmy breath of Spring 

Hath vanquished Winter's sting, 
And once again the earth is green and gay : 

Jear no more the icy blasts 

For its rage is overpast, 
And the snow is for a season fled away." 

So sang the shepherds all 

'Neath the mountains rough and tall 
(Though the sentiment's a trifle commonplace) : 

So sang the shepherdesses 

As the zephyrs blew their tresses 
In frolicsome disorder o'er each face. 

But a thought of sadness came 

This exuberance to tame : 
"Too soon, alas ! once more shall Winter reign ! 

Spring is but for a time 

In this madly-weathered clime : 
Ah ! would that it might ne'er depart again ! " 

Breathed the wind full warm and soft, 

Sailed the fleecy clouds aloft, 
Green shone the earth and sang the mountain rill 

But though birds sweet concert made. 

Though the frisky lambkins played. 
Yet all the folk were discontented still. 

152 Cuculus Facit Monaco. 

" Can no method then be found 

To stay the Seasons' round ? 
Must Winter of their band be ever one, 

Who doth swift upon us steal 

Ere there's ever time to feel 
The comfortable radiance of the sun ? " 

Then said they, " Let us hark 

To the village patriarch, 
That wisest and most garrulous of men." 

For the simple folk, forsooth. 

Thought he always spoke the truth : 
But the world was very simple-minded then. 

Him they sought beneath the shade 

By the ivied arbour made, 
That stands beside the humble village inn : 

Unto him they made their wail, 

And they gave him pipes and ale. 
By which means he was persuaded to begin. 

" Many, many years have sped, 
Many a spring and winter fled 
Since first I saw the light," remarked the Sage : 
** But never in the past 
Saw I winter like the last " 
(He had said that every year for half an age). 

" Now Seasons four there be, 

But Winter, ye can see. 
Is by far the most consistent of the lot ; 

For he cometh without fail. 

E'en as I do come for ale — 
Yes, thank you, I could take another pot. 

" But the Summer and the Spring — 
Ah ! that's quite another thing ; 

They seldom seem to know what they're about : 
For they don't turn up always 
In these degenerate days 

But often one or both of them slip out." 

Cuculus Factt Monaco. 153 

Here paused the Sage to think 

(Thought was aided by a drink) ; 
But the crowd gave vent to discontented cries : 
" We have heard all that before, 

Search again thy wisdom's store, 
How can such things be mended? Please advise." 

Quoth the Sage, " I have been told 

By people gray and old 
In the days when I myself was young and gay, 

That the Goddess of the Spring 

Loves to hear the Cuckoo sing 
And while he singeth, will not fly away. 

" Wherefore this do I advise. 

That the Cuckoo ye surprise, 
If ye would that Spring for ever here abide, 

That ye build a wall all round, 

Fashioned like a village pound. 
And see the Cuckoo snugly stowed inside." 

Loudly did the shepherds cheer. 

And they filled the Sage with beer. 
Saluting him as Father of the Dale ; 

And the shepherdesses meek 

Kissed his weather-beaten cheek. 
And joined in the providing of the ale. 

So he drank, but all the rest 

Started off upon their quest. 
Intent the Spring-enchanting bird to find : 

Through the dale and o'er the hill 

Went they eagerly until 
The Cuckoo's note was borne upon the wind. 

Came the young and came the old, 

From the cottage and the fold. 
And they gathered stones and mortar by the ton; 

And guided by the sound 

The bird they compassed round, 
And at once his prison-building was begun. 


154 Cuculus Facit Monaco. 

Then every shepherd swain 

Wrought with might and wrought with main, 
For every shepherd then was strong and tall ; 

And the pretty shepherdesses 

Made pretty little messes 
As they tried to mix the mortar for the wall. 

Rose the building strong and neat 

Till the circle was complete. 
And the subtle bird was straitly prisoned round : 

Yet he sat and viewed the wall, 

Nor seemed to care at all ; 
In fact, the Cuckoo's calmness was profound. 

Now the coping-stone is set 

On the topmost parapet : 
With lightsome hearts the lads and lasses sing; 

Every shepherd, girl and boy. 

Now doth dance for very joy 
At the prospect of a never-ending Spring. 

But alas ! that I must tell 

Of the sorrow that befell. 
Of hope, that seemed a certainty, deferred^ 

Of delight's exuberance. 

Merry song, and joyous dance, 
All banished by perverseness of a bird. 

For the Cuckoo didn't seem 

To appreciate the scheme. 
But as his usual dinner-time drew nigh. 

Flew and perched upon the wall. 

Gave one loud triumphant call. 
And left, nor stayed to further bid good-bye. 

Shall I picture their despair. 

How they wept and tore their hair. 
How the shepherds used expressions impolite. 

How the dainty shepherdesses 

Sobbed in direst of distresses ? 
No, the tragic scene were best kept out of sight 

Cuculus Facit Monaco. 1 5 5 

In anger and in shame 

To the village inn they came, 
And deep they drank to blunt their sorrow's edge ; 

And blindly in their rage 

Did they persecute the Sage, 
For they stopped his beer and made him sign the pledge. 

And the Cuckoo now is shy 

And difficult to spy, 
And his note is marked by something like a jeer. 

And you'll see — so I expect — 

That this history's correct 
From the fact that Winter still comes every year. 

R. H. F. 

(After Shelley.) 

Sieh' wie bestfindig sich mischen und paaren 

Der Quell mit dem Fluss, und der Fluss mit dem 

Und wie die Winde gesellig sich schaaren, 
Und pfeifen und stiirmen und tanzen umher. 

Denn so ist es wahrlich von jeher gewesen^ 
Und so in der Zukunft flir ewig wird's sein, 

Dass liebreich sich schmiege das Wesen ans Wesen, 
Doch, Liebchen, warum lasst du mich allein ? 

Sieh' wie die Berge den Himmel durchkiissen, 

Und wie sich umarmen die Wellen im Spiel, 
Und sind nicht die Blumen auch innig beflissen 

Zu zeigen einander ein zartes Gefilhl ? 
Verjtingt wird die Erde von Ktissen der Sonne, 

Die See auch glftnzt schOner im Mondenschein ; 
Doch air dies ermangelt an Lust und an Wonne 

Wenn du mich nicht ktissest, o Liebchen mein. 

A. J. C. 


XektSova epx^rai 
Air' Tfiv dawpffv SdXaaaav* 
KdSfjae Kal XaXi/ae* 
'' Mdprfiy fidprfi fxov KaXi, 
"Kal 4>\€0dpfi eXiffepi, 
•* K* &y %<oviai79» k* &v irovrlaj^^j 
" IlaXe avoi^iy fivpi^ei^." 

[Fauriii ii. 256]. 


'Bu7rv& T^F vv^Ta, k ipur& r* aarpa fxi rrjv appdSa' 
Ta;^a rl xafiv* 6 ^/Xo9 fiou rdpa ^id iravrappdha. 

[Ih. 272]. 


M^ T^ Si/ICO cov TO (^i\l *9 T0V9 ovpavov^ TT^rdfO, 
M^ rod? a77eXoi;9 KaSofxai, /a' avro^f Kofiivra Kdvto* 


Ta 7JXia /Lt^ ra xXd/iAfxaTa, 17 x^pa /Lie t^f irpUav, 
Et9 /iiay d>paK (rirdpSrjKav, fxa^t i^€vvi]3r]Kav. 



February and March. 

The swallows have come 

Across the foam, 
And they sit and twitter for all to hear : 
"March, month mine, and Shrove month drear, 

Though you snow and rain 

Yet you bring again 
The scents of the spring of another Year." 


A Friend's Love. 

I wake at night and tell the stars. 
Each after each, as on they wend: 

*Each moment be my registrars 

And bear me word, How does my friend* 

Heavenly Flight. 

Thanks to thy kisses I can scale the skies. 
Amid the angels sit, and join their colloquies. 


Or EQUAL Age. 

Tears and laughter, woe and mirth, 
Had one begetting and one birth. 

C. E. S. 

Part II. 

I HE appearance of this book* calls for an 
expression of gratitude to Professor Mayor 
and Mr R. F. Scott and their collahorateurs 
for the labour and care spent in making this 
part of our College history accessible to all. The few- 
ness of the errors in such a work and the remarkably 
complete Indexes, which we owe to the loving labours 
of the Rev P. J. F. Gantillon, arouse almost a feeling- 
of awe at the painful patience bestowed on the publica- 
tion. Let me oflFer some results of the pleasant (and I 
hope not wholly unprofitable) hours spent in perusing 
this monument of devotion to our College. 

The First Part (pp. xxxiv +172), which was published 
in i882t, gave the Admissions from 1630 to 1665 ; the 
Second Part (pp. Ixxxviii + 220) continues the list for the 
next 50 years, down to 17 15, and adds an index (276 
pages), or rather a series of Indexes, of the Persons, 
Places, Trades &c. {a English, b Latin), Schools, and 
Testimonials contained in both Parts. These Indexes 
add vastly to the value of the Admissions and introduce 
order and coherence into the mass of facts which had 
before no principle of arrangement but chronological 

A comparison of Part II with Part I gives the 

• Admissions to the College of St John the Evangelist in the University of 
Cambridge, Part II, July 166$— ^uly 1 7 15. Deighton, Bell, & Co. 1893. 
Price 8j. 

t See The Eagle, vol xii, p. 222. 

X The only improTcments that suggest themselves in this nearly perfect 
edition are (i) the cootinaous paging of the separate Parts and the consequent 
unifying of the Indexes, and (2) the addition of head -lines (* Places/ * Schools/ 
Sec) to the 276 pages of Index. 

The College Register of Admissions, 159 

following results: during the 50 years 1665 — 17 15 
the total number of admissions was 2646*, giving an 
average of 52*92 per annum, which shows a falling off 
from the earlier period 1630 — 1665, when the total for 
the 35 years was 1950, i,e. an average of 557 yearly.f 
The largest entry in any one year was 90, which was 
reached once in each period ; the lowest entry was in 
the later period 27 ; in the earlier 13 and 9 are the totals 
for. two successive years. The smaller limits of fluctua- 
tion follow the cessation of " the heat of the wars " : 
though indications are not wanting of the presence of 
other troubles. For instance, the number of men of 
whom it is recorded in the notes that they died in 
residence, while undergraduates or B.A.'s, shows the 
unhealthiness of the times4 

In this connexion observe that two boys were 
admitted in absence " ob pustularum metum, &c."§ On 

• The total is gained by adding the yearly summaries given in the Admis- 
sions, These summaries are not always quite accurate; as sometimes a 
student is entered twice, and sometimes there is an apparent omission. Perhaps 
the two errors balance each other in the grand total. 

f And this in spite of the entty sinking to 9 in 1643 — ^44 : where the "page 

blank, but for the next two names*' is not the cause of the smallness of the 

number recorded : for one of the nine testifies " I was admitted, in the very 

heat of the wars, May loth 1644, ^^ ^^ John's College in Cambridge . . . 

. . . There was but nine admitted of that great college that year, etc." 

H. Newcomers Autobiography quoted on p. 16 of Prof Mayor's M. Robinson, 

X I have counted about 40 such in the notes prefixed to Part II. Most of 

these were buried in Cambridge churches. Country churches would add 

largely to the list. Here is an inscription from Poslingford, near Clare, 

My corps that 

herb doth rest 

shall soon be 

fvlly blest 

Thomas Goldixg 

aged 17 bvried 


Ano Dom 1676 
T. G. entered the College the year before ; p. 54, no. 40. 
§ P. 25, nos. 12, 13 " ita tamen ut quahdo advenerint, a Decanis et 
Lectore examinentur et approbentur, etc." Other cases of admission in 
absence occur. Sometimes a student's name is entered out of its proper 
order with a note " salvo jure senioritatis/' p. 38, 1. 19 ; p. 83, 1. 25, &c. I 
do Dot know what rights of seniority followed on slight priority of admission. 

i6o The College Register of Admissions. 

the other hand one member is said to have lived to be 
nearly loo Cp. 189, no. 41). It is perhaps in compen- 
sation for the average brevity of life that some start very 
young in their distinguished career. One enters at the 
age of 14 and is a Minor Canon at 18 (p. 70, no. 53); 
another (Wm. Wotton "a most learned" man) came to 
us as an M.A. from St Catharine's; and of him it is 
recorded that "when he came to be admitted (to St 
Catharine's) he was but eleven years old, and under- 
stood . . . not only the aforesaid languages (i.e. 
Latin, Greek, and Hebrew) but also the French, Spanish, 
Italian, Assirian, Chaldean, and Arabian tongues. 
When the Master admitted him he strove to pose him 
in many books, but could not." (p. Ixiii). It is no 
wonder that, with such large store of learning, he 
migrated to a larger college. 

It may here be mentioned that the average age at 
admission appears to have been 17 or 18. An exact state- 
ment is impossible, partly because the yearly totals are 
not altogether trustworthy, partly because the age is not 
always given, and also because when given it is often 
qualified by such expressions as "praeter propter," 
** pene," " et quod excurrit," etc. The extreme limits 
that I have noticed among the ages given are " annos 
agens 11 " and 27 ; the former was the age of Edward 
Cecil, " 4th son of John Earl of Exeter," who, with his 
brother Charles "annos agens 13," was admitted 
to October 1696. The average of the poorer students 
was higher than that of the richer classes. 

Before going further it may be as well to observe 
that the record of admissions (where complete) gives us 
the following information about those admitted: the 
student's name, birthplace, school and master (and time 
spent there), date of admission to the college, his age 
at that date and the rank he takes (fellow-commoner, 
pensioner or sizar;, the name of his college tutor, and, 
in the case of a sizar, the name of the Fellow or Fellow- 
commoner to whom he is allotted : and also the father's 

The College Register of Admissions. 16 1 

name, residence, and occupation or status. In few 
cases, however, are all these details preserved ; they are 
all here enumerated as they will be convenient pegs on 
which to hang my desultory remarks on the mass of 
information in the Admissions. 

I. Taking first the names of those admitted, we find 
Richard Bentley, Matthew Prior, Thomas Baker, 
Ambrose Phillips, William Wotton, Richard Hill. 
Thomas Naden, Matthew Robinson, and young Ambrose 
Bonwicke* are perhaps of greater collegiate than 
general fame. An enumeration of those who distin- 
guished themselves as Bishops, Physicians, Judges, 
Diplomatists, as Masters of the College or in other 
honoured service rendered to their generation, would 
run into a lengthy list. Let it suffice to refer the reader 
to the notes prefixed to the Admissions by Professor 
Mayor, in which attention is directed to most of those 
who attained fame, or (alas ! we must add) infamy : for 
there went out from us not only those who suffered for 
conscience' sake in those less tolerant times, but also 

• The Life of M, Robinson^ and the Life of Ambrose Bonwicke {A Pattern 
for Young Students) have been edited by Professor Mayor. Matthew Robinson 
was (on his own testimony), one of the greatest and most versatile men 
of this or any age. He says of his sermons : " His divisions of his text were 
neat and his method so exact, that any ordinary memory, from the heads and 
parts, might easily carry away the whole sermon : and his fancy was so rich, 
his similitudes so lively, his historical applications so pat, his flourishes from 
the fathers and other authors so taking, and his language so fine, and 
elocution so graceful, that even those who had not much of that the inward 
sense and harmony of divine truth, could not chuse but be delighted with the 
magic of his sermons, nor could they justly complain of the longness oi his 
glass, more than of their own glasses.*' p. 7 1. 

''His sermons never said or showed, 

That Earth is foul, that Heaven is gracious, 
Without refreshment on the road. 
From Jerome or from Athanasius.*' 
But Praed's Vicar is left far behind by our *' gentle Johnian." He sajrs 
^c was equally good in business, in medicine, and in *'vividisections of dogs 
and suchlike creatures." 


1 62 The College Register of Admissions. 

such as " Scum" Goodman Tp. 6, no. 6), and, worst of 
all, Titus Gates, who came to us from Caius.* 

Leaving the more famous names which are to be 
found in the Ixxxviii pages prefixed to this part of the Ad- 
missions y let me add what I have happened upon relating 
to two of our alumni whom the editor has not selected for 
remark. The first is p. 41, no. 72, and the entry about 
him will serve as a fair specimen of the style of the 
book under review : 

" Richard Pepys, of Stoke» Essex, son of Richard 
Pepys, * yeoman ' ; bred at Evington ; admitted 
pensioner, tutor and surety Mr Berry, 3 June [1672J, 
aet. past 16." 

" Stoke, Essex," is undoubtedly Stoke by Clare in 
Suffolk, on the borders of Essex. One branch of the 
Pepys family was connected with Stoke by Clare ; the 
above Richard Pepys, yeoman, was living at this time at 
Ashen in Essex, separated from Stoke by the little river 
Stour which divides the counties. The son Richard 
was evidently bred at the adjoining village of Ovingtoa 
under the Rector, John Thomas, whose name is not 
inserted in the entry, perhaps because he had not a 
* school ' in the usual sense of the word. 

The Genealogy of the Pepys Family\ gives Richard 
Pepys (the " yeoman " aforesaid) as eldest son of 
Richard Pepys who was Lord Chief Justice of Ireland^, 

• Conceniing " Titus Gates, the infamous," the following is quoted from 
Baker's MS (on p. xl of the Admissions^ Pt. II.) : •* He was a Lyar from the 
beginning, he stole and cheated his Taylor of a gown, which he denied with 
horrid Imprecations, and afterwards at a Communion being admonisht and 
advibM by his Tutor, confesst the fact. This and more I had from Sir J. E., 
and leave it in testimony of the truth" . . " Dr T. W., his Tutor at St John's, 
does not charge him with immorality, but says he was a Dunce, runn into debt, 
and sent away for want of moneys, never took a Degree at Cambridge. So 
that he must have gone out Dr per saltum at Salamanca." 

t By Walter Courtenay Pepys. G. Bell and Sons, 1887. 

X His pedigree and connexion with the diarist are given in the Admission^ 
II, notes p. 1. 

Thg College Register of Admissions. 163 

and prints several letters that passed between 

The son Richard, our pensioner, is in the Genealogy 
identified with "Richard of Warfield" (the eldest son of 
the yeoman), who was bom " 1643." This however 
would make him 29 on entering St John's, instead of 
" past 16." How to explain this discrepancy I see not 
at present,! but will content myself with extracting from 
the Genealogy a letter from our undergraduate to his 
father at Ashen. He is writing, it will be seen, in his 
fourth year, in prospect of his degree. The letter not 
only shows " the care of seventeenth century college 
tutors for the pockets of undergraduates' parents " which 
(the editor of the Genealogy thinks) " is astonishing in 
these days " ; but seems to suggest in one clause that 

* This is all the Genealogist tells us of the two R. Pepys of the Admissions: 
** The Chief Justice's eldest son, Richard, married, very early in life, Mary, 
daughter of John Scott of Walter Belchamp, co. Essex ; and his name, and 
that of his wife Mary and daughter Mary, are found in the list of passengers 
in the ship ** Ffrands " of Ipswich, John Cutting, master, bound lor New 
England, the last of April 1634 (Researches among British Archives 
Samuel G. Brake, Boston, 1 86a). Amongst the correspondence (p. 56) will 
be foand a letter from the Chief Justice to his two sons, Richard and George» 
addressed to them at Boston, New England, in 1641. In 1642 Richard 
Pepys purchased land near that town {Genealogical Dictionary of First 
Settlers in New England Jas. Savage, vol. iii, p. 393, Boston, 1861). From 
£imily letters I find that he returned to England about 1650, when he settled 
down at Ashen, Clare, co. Essex, in the neighbourhood of his wife's home, 
aAd there several of his children and grandchildren were baptized (Parish 
Registers, Ashen Parish). 

" Richard's eldest son, Richard of Warfield, Berks, and afterwards of 
Hackney, died unmarried in 1722, and his will was proved the 14th May in 
the same year (Principal Registry, Somerset House)." Genealogy of tht 
Pepys family, pp. 28, 29. 

Thus our ' yeoman * kept safely aloof from the civil wars. In one letter 
to him at Ashen, the Lord Chief Justice writes as if his fatherly allowance of 
;f 60 a year was all the yeoman's income : if so, he had not much left after his 
son*s Tutor*s visit, if the Tutor succeeded in finding his domicile. 

t Is the 16 quite clear in the College Register ? Could it not be read 
19 ? 1643 in the Genealogy can easily be a mistake for 1653. The age 19. 
would agree with the pedigree appended to Pepys's Diary (Lord Braybrooke'a 
Ed. 1849). 

1 64 The College Register of Admissions, 

the tutor of that time paid personal visits to the parents 
to collect his fees. Or did the tutor in this case — Mr 
Berry, whom I take to be Richard Bury, or Berry, of 
Part I of the Admissions y Senior Fellow — did he, I say, 
hold the office of Bursar of the College, and was he 
thus likely to visit the College property in the adjoining 
parish of Ridgwell ? But here is the letter verbatim et 
literatim : — 

Richard Pepys' son Richard to his Father from 
Cambridge University. 

" Deare Father, 

''Sir, since I came up my tutor hath given me a 
mourning gowne & cap* new to cost near 3 pounds. He hath 
bought me an old gowne & cap to were to chappel in mornings 
& in wet weather, for he would have me spare my new one 
which I wear till I have taken my degree, y*» price of y« old one 
is but 11*6''. 

"You may understand by this my tutor will expect more 
money over a month, by which time or before he minds to se 
you in y« country. Y® 3 next quarters & this which is passing 
will stand you in £10 a quarter with my degree. I thought 
good to give you notice that you might the better provide. 

" Sir when I came up I left a booke of Mr. Mays called 
* Don Carlos ' upon y« hal table which I would have carried 
downe if he had been at home, pray present my service to him 
& give it him with many thanks. Our news is very bad at 
present. Mr Burback, a fellow of our Colledge & my next 
neibour is soe mad that he hath run about y« Court with a naked 

♦ In the accounts kept by John Gibson, undergraduate of St John's 
in 1670 (see £agle xvii. 255), we have the item, * Mourning gown & cap . , 
1 2 J. od,' •The mourning-gown worn at both Universities by Masters of 
Arts, (and at Cambridge with the mourning-cap) is represented by Loggan 
(1670 — 85) as having long pudding sleeves pleted round the wrist.' Chr. 
Wordsworth, Social Life, 516. In 1681 it was enacted that 'whereas 
several undergraduates and Batchelors of Arts have of late neglected to wear 
such gowns as by Order and Custom are proper for their rank and standing. . 
none residing in the University, under the Degree of Master of Arts shall 
hereafter le allowed to apj ear publickly, either in or out of Colleges iu 
mourning gowns or gowns made after that fashion.* lb. 514. 

The College Register of A dmisstons. 1 65 

sword & hath run all about y» town naked, he brake his glass 
windows & doors & disturbs all with knocking & calling before 
3 o'clock in the morning, but they have sent him away to be 

**Thus returning you many thanks for your fatherly care 
of me, 

I rest yf dutiful son, 

R. Pkpys. 
"Aug. 10, 1675." 

The " Mr Burback," of the letter, adds a seventh way 
of spelling the name of Birkbeck, of which the Admissions 
give six variations. The Admissions show him to 
have been tutor till 11 June 1672, after which the 
Index does not refer to his name until 21 Jan. 167^, 
when he is in residence, but not as tutor. The next 
mention of him is i March i6^, when he appears to 
have come back after being " tamed." 

One more remark on the identification of "Evington " 
with '^Ovington," and then we have done with 
R. Pepys. On p. 49 1. 39, "Ellington" is identified 
(by the Editors) with Ovington by means of the name 
of the " clerk," under whom the sizar from that place 
was bred : the said clerk being known to be Rector 
of Ovington, and apparently teaching his own boys 
and any others that came to him. (I cannot find 
that there was ever a school there.) Now, if Ellington 
is known to be Ovington, certainly " Evington " is the 
same; especially as we have Stoke and Ashen as 
guides to the locality required. 

The other entry I have a note on is p. 187, no 11, 
"Benjamin HoUoway, born at Stony Stratford, Bucks, 
son of Joseph Holloway, maltster {prasiatoris)\ school, 
Westminster (Dr Knipe) ; admitted pensioner, tutor 
and surety Mr Anstey, 4 February [i7o|], annos 
agens 17." Concerning him a note on p. 320 of Sir 
Henry Ellis' Letters of Eminent Literary Alen seems 
worth extracting. That it refers to the same person 
seems evident, although there is a discrepancy about 

i66 The College Register of Admissions. 

the school where he was bred, but that is a trifle. 
The note runs thus : — 

"The following Anecdote occurs in a volume of 
Memoranda in the handwriting of Thomas Warton, the 
poet laureate, preserved in the British Museum. 

* Mem. Jul. 10, 1774. In the year 1759, I was told 
by the rev. Mr. Benjamin HoUoway, rector of Middleton 
Stoney in Oxfordshire, then about seventy years old, 
and in the early part of his life domestic chaplain to 
Lord Sunderland, that he had often heard Lord Sunder- 
lajid say, that Lord Oxford, while a prisoner in the 
Tower of London, wrote the first volume of the History 
of Robinson Crusoe, merely as an amusement under 
confinement ; and gave it to Daniel De Foe, who fre- 
quently visited Lord Oxford in the Tower, and was one 
of his Pamphlet writers. That De Foe, by Lord Oxford's 
permission, printed it as his own, and encouraged by its 
extraordinary success, added himself the second Volume, 
the inferiority of which is generally acknowledged. 
Mr. HoUoway also told me, from Lord Sunderland, that 
Lprd Oxford dictated some parts of the Manuscript to 
De Foe. 

* Mr. HoUoway was a grave conscientious clergyman, 
not vain of telling anecdotes, very learned, particularly 
a good orientalist, author of some theological tracts, 
bred at Eton school, and a Master of Arts of St. John's 
College Cambridge. He lived many years with great 
respect in Lord Sunderland's family, and was like to 
the late Duke of Marlborough. He died, as I remember, 
about the year 1761. He used to say that Robinson 
Crusoe, at its first publication, and for some time after- 
wards, was universally received and credited as a 
genuine history. A fictitious narrative of this sort was 
then a new thing. 

T. Warton/ 

Commending the authorship of Robiftson Crusoe to 
Ignatius Donnelly's attention, let us notice a few of the 

The College Register of Admissions, 1 67 

Christian names borne by the boys of the 17th and i8th 
centuries. I have not observed anything quite so 
characteristic as the Surety-on-High of Pt. I. ; but 
yofuulaby BarachiaSj Obadiah^ Ishmael, Hilkiahy Mordecay^ 
Theophilus and other rather unusual Biblical names 
occur frequently : perhaps Sydrahy Bremstone and Mercy 
belong to this class (but the last, found on p. 82, 1. 9, may 
be the registrary's mistake for Merry). Rumphrey must 
be a corruption of Humphry. Perantus and Consilius 
are the names of brothers. Narcissus^ Ninyan^ occur 
with Kanelm^ Pooty (Smith), Billidgey Foljambe^ Acclome^ 
Pheedy and a host of others as strange looking ; some of 
these were probably surnames originally. Thanckfuly 
Merry^ Hartsirongy Carrier^ Gr^y^ Long, etc., look more 
like epithets. Goodgionius may be an attempt to 
Latinise* Gudgeon (his cogfnomen is Jackman). Some- 
times it is the combination of Christian and surname 
that strikes one as odd : Simon Sayon sounds particu- 
larly scriptural; Augustine Caesar son of Julius Caesar 
is belated among his contemporaries ; while Seth 
Sissason suggests a game of forieits. One surname 
appealed to the humour of our 18th century registrary, 
and gives us the only palpable attempt at a joke in this 
serious record : " William Cuckow .... admitted 
%2 May 17 12 . . . . et post admissionem avolavit." 
What must have made the vagaries of the old time 
sponsors more burdensome, is their neglect to give their 
children spare names ; out of over 5000 persons men- 
tioned in the Admissions Part II, hardly more than half- 
a-dozen have a middle name. 

In a few cases parents and sons have different 
surnames, e.g. "Ri. Lewis, filius Lewis Dauys," 
p. 21, no. 38; "David Evans,' son of Evan Davis/* 

• It should have been premised (but the reader has by this time found out 
for himself) that the College registrary did not set down his facts in plain 
English, but transfigured them into the language which was commonly known 
as Latin in those days : a practice which increases our difficulty in getting at 
ihe exact truth about the past 

1 68 Suspiriiu 

p. 79, no. 51 ; " Godfrey Jones, son of John Prichard," 
p. 193, no. 26; "Watson Powell alias Watson, son of 
Henry Powell," p. 203, no. 20 — all from Wales, where 
surnames were not fixed so early as in England. The 
father of no. 30 on p. iii had perhaps changed his 
surname since his son's birth. Variations in the spellings 
of the names of father and son are too habitual to call 
for notice. 

(To he concluded.) 


In this dim hour of moonlight, when the earth 
Seems, what in truth it is, a vision half revealed. 
Nothing is real but thy soul and mine. 

All that so solid and enduring seemed 

Into a dreamy haze of grey has melted, 

Only thy soul and mine of all that was remaining. 

Around me is a universe of love 

Bearing me up, sustaining, giving life: 

No thought, no force is left, save love alone. 

This veil of air grown visible, made silv'ry white, 
Is only woven in my soul and thine, 
Is but a part of thy soul and of mine. 

I stand before thee now; and though with earthly 

Nothing of thee I can discern, my soul 
Can see thine own, looking from out deep eyes. 




How channing for you lackadaisical folk 

To sit by the fire when it's raining, 
And skim through a novel, and lazily smoke — 

Such joys are forbidden in training. 

But though you may think it uncommonly slow. 
And sneer at our plugging and straining, 

There still is a joy that jfou never can know — 
The joy when you go out of training. 

Boat House Ballads, 

The day had dawned, with dawn that scarcely seemed 
A dawn, so dark, so drear it was: i' the hall 
Flashed forth the radiance of electric lamps 
That lit bright eyes, whereon the hand of sleep 
Had left its drowsy mark, now half unseen ; 
And ever on the board the breakfast cups 
Made cheerful music as they rose and fell. 
And swains there were, all seated round the board 
In two long lines, and thrice times eight were they 
(For coxes come not into training hall); 
Brave souls who ply the sudden-gleaming oar 
And swing the boats adown the river Cam. 
Thus as they sat, not idle, for their spoons 
Made winsome clatter on the hollow plates, 
One swain bespake the other, who in turn 
Let fly the shafted arrows of his wit. 
And t' other was as naught; and so anon, 
Like to a ball tossed lightly to and fro. 
The talk was tossed from him to him, until 
One gallant youth (a faithful Five was he 
Of monstrous muscles and broad brawny back, 

lyo A Training Breakfast. 

But one in whom the meditative muse 
Had not yet found a willing worshipper) 
Upreared his porridge plate, and thus began: 

Genial Joys of tetider training. 

Why arc ye still left unsung? 
Ye are worthy of attaining 

Some illustrious poet's tongue. 
And although I'm not a poet 

Still my love for you is true, 
And 1*11 see if 1 can show it 

In a lay to honour you. 

In the early frost of morning. 
When the red sun routs the night. 

Warmth of bed and blankets scorning. 
Forth, like birds, we wing our flight; 

Then with true corporeal tension 
Spurt a hundred yards or so. 

Most — not all, I'm bound to mention- 
Fly like arrows from the bow. 

Why describe the joys of eating 

Roast and boiled, and boiled and roast^ 
And, alas, the far too fleeting 

Charms of chops and tea and toast ? 
We've no need for sauce to forage. 

Hunger is of sauce in stead. 
Come, brave boys, and pass the porridge 

For the glory of the Red! 

He ended, and anon there rose a hum 

Like myriad bees, that flit about i' the mom 

And sip the dew-drops from the pouting flower; 

And he that erst had spoken passed his plate. 

And once again 'twas heaped, and still there flowed 

The lacteal fluid from the willing bowl. 

But one there was that sat apart, and glum 

Of countenance was he, and sad of eye ; 

And never did a light word pass his lips, 

A Training Breakfast 171 

For versed he was in Mathematic Lore 
And problems were his joy : then thus he spake 
With eyes askance, in weighty words of scorn 
Which, though precise, seemed to have lost their wings : 

farious effervescing Five, 

A wondrous tale, as Tm alive! 
On red-sun-routings you may thrive^ 
/ don't, 

1 love to sport my outer door 

And do sweet problems by the score^ 
Yotid give them up because they*d bore^ 
/ won't. 

Ah I Conic Sections, Theory 
Of Gamma, Trigonometry, 
This is the kind of poetry 

I sing; 
All else is worthless, stale and vile. 
Of poet's works I'd make a pile 
And burn them every one. You smile? 

Poor thing 1 

He said no more, but with tip-tilted nose 

He turned away, and gazed upon his plate. 

As though thereon a circle was inscribed, 

And there was need somehow to fill it out 

With lines and letters meaning — who knows what? 

Then each man looked into his neighbour's eye 

And then there came the ripple of a smile 

That broke the stillness, as when some small lad 

Flings forth his float upon the glassy pond — 

His float a cork, his fishing-hook a pin 

Full deftly hidden by the subtle bait 

Wherewith to tempt the wary stickleback — 

And as it falls, the wavelets widen out. 

Each circling round the other, till at last 

The whole pond seems of thousand ripples formed. 

And so the smile waxed broader^ and therewith 

Fach mouth waxed broader, till in sooth it seemed 

As though it would extend from ear to ear. 

172 A Training Breakfast 

And then at last like to a thunder-clap, 

The laughter brake : high heaven gives back the sound. 

So when it hushed, then one found voice to speak : 

Most potent Sir, 

I dare aver 
You think yourself most critical ; 

No doubt at heart 

You think you're smart, 
But you're not what a wit I call. 

From what you say 

I think we may 
Conclude your reading's cursory; 

To spout such views 

You'd better choose 
Some small secluded nursery. 

And there secure 

Pray talk of your 
Poetical obliquity; 

But oh! refrain 

To air again 
'Mongst us your dull iniquity. 

And if you'd soar 
% Like this once more 

To heights of such sublimity, 
You're one who knows 
The river flows 
In perilous proximity. 

He made an end; the other answered nought 

But merely sate with eyes upon the cloth, 

And brooded vengeance in his wrathful heart. 

And so it seemfed unto him th^ best, 

What time they hied them forth, to send a splash, 

A sharp chill splash of thrice pellucid Cam, 

Adown the taunter's back (for both of them 

Rowed in the self-same boat, one Six, one Four) 

And bring discomfort to the other's soul. 

Thus as he pondered with himself, there dawned 

A smile upon his lips, and all were ill. 

A Training Breakfast. 173 

And now mayhap it might have come to blows, 
But the loud clang of covers smote the ear 
That heralded the coming of the steak. 
And each was 'ware that he must save his strength 
And gird him for the fray: thus all was well. 
And so for twice ten minutes, without end 
They bravely battled with the stalwart steak: 
But when their frames were weary with the fray 
Now he, now he, would lay aside his knife. 
And sadly murmur to the sobbing gale: 

The kitchen steak, the kitchen steak, 

Which few have loved, and none have sung, 

Which leaves behind an anxious ache. 

Where was it born, where made, whence sprang ? 

Eternal summer gilds it yet — 

We eat it — but we ne'er forget! 

He ended speaking, for a gust of sobs 

Did shake his manly breast, and he was fain 

To wipe the furtive tear-drop from his eye, 

And turn himself unto the marmalade. 

And once again the din of battle rose 

And knives rang loudly on the plates again. ^ 

So when they all put from them the desire 

Of meat and drink, each looked towards the door. 

And, not in silence, slowly passed away. 

A. J. C. 


|ARLY Rising is but a faint kind of Policy or 
Wisdome ; for it asketh the nature of a Prigge 
and a stubborne Hearte; therefore it is the 
weaker sorte of Scholars that are the great 
Pestes. It argueth indeed a Brutishness for one endowed 
with Reason to copy herein the Manners of the 
Larke and suchlike untimely Fowles: Beasts arise 
betimes^ bui then^ They are Beasts and we are Men. 
It was a shrewed saying of an old Greek, that 
Thou shouldest know Thyself e : and truly the World 
would still be the better, if Certaine Persons should 
study Themselves, and their own Faults, and not shift 
the burden of their own ill Habits upon their Fellowes. 
Such an one would fain call Black White, and make a 
Grievous Error into a Rare Virtue, species virtuttbus 
similes^ and so to entice others from the wise Path of 
their own Inclinations. For there be many Excellencies 
in this Early Rising, for the Few ; but still more in Late 
Rising, for the Many. 

Now of Early Rising there be these degrees: the 
first, that are filled with a mistaken Sense of Dutye 
and a vain Hope of making a good Bargaine with 
the Day; the second, that cannot sleep, and so would 
rob Others of that which is denied Themselves, Invidia 
festos dies non agit ; and the third, that would fain be 
Superior to all Mankinde, sui amantes sine rivalt. 
The first are they whom Men name Orderlie Persons ; 
but truly he was a Wise Philosopher that said, 
Preserve me from the Methodical Man. The second are 

Of Early and Late Risttif;, 1 73 

as the Dog in the Manger, and are but Pestilent Enviers. 
The third are Workers of Vanitie, that mistake a rushen 
Candle for the Light of the Sun, and are minded that 
Little Merit is the object of Life. Let such remember 
the saying of Salomotiy Rising earfyy it shall be to him no 
better than a Curse. 

Whereas you shall observe that the Late Risers 
have much Defence, and not least that they do not 
start the day as Busy bodies, setting the World at 
rights : but rather in their Beddes may they make their 
Mindes at rest about the doings of the Day before, and 
call up Courage to approach their coming Exertions. It 
is a strange thing that Philosophers praise Rest and 
Meditation, but that the supreme Hours of the four and 
twenty should still be grudged. And (Celsus as a 
Physitian that was a Wise Man withal giveth it for 
one of the Precepts of lasting Health : That a man doe 
use Watching and Sleepe, but rather Sleepe). In such 
Dreamy Hours no longer are we oppressed by Fears, 
Troubles, Confusions of Spirit, though the Envious would 
ever have us participes cur arum : but then we are raised 
into so Sublime a State as the Vulgar would term a 
Seventh Heaven. Certainly, Flaccus has told us post 
equitem sedet atra cura^ and this may in truth be so, for 
that at any instant he may lose his Seat. But for the 
Lie-a-Bedde there are no Alarums save only the 
Intrusion of Froward Companions, non est curiosus 
quin idem sit malevolus: and in all Justice we could 
cry Save me from my Friends. But easy were it to dwell 
more at Length on this perplexed Topic : it sufiiceth to 
say. Let the Envious Man jeer not at the Pleasures of 
the Dreamer : for at the least it may be said, One Man's 
Meate^ another Man's Poison : a Wise Physitian knoweth 
his own Medicine, and Ignorance is found in the Prating 
of the Vaine Glorious, magna conatu nugas. 



Who died at Harrogatey Sept 1893, in the i%th year of 

his age. 

Bosco is dead, a dog by all confessed 
Of blameless life and virtue rare possessed. 
No mournful yew-tree plant beside his tomb ; 
Let the sweet Myrtle* o'er his ashes bloom. 
Kind to his Mistress, to the world polite, 
Nought but his lawful bones did Bosco bite. 
Too old for work ; too tired for sport or play. 
Loving and loved, he gently passed away. 
Bosco is gone ! May I thus at the last 
Look back with satisfaction on the past. 
As Bosco served his Mistress, so may I 
True servant to my Master live and die ! 


Live not for a life of mere pleasure ; 

Each day's full of sorrow, alack ! 
But a joy which I always shall treasure 

Is a ride I once had upon Jack ! 


• He was buried at Harrogate, in the garden of Dr Myrtle. 


Heu obiit Bosco rara virtute catellus, 

Qui vitae in terns integer omnis erat. 
Ne sere qua dormit taxi illaetabilis umbram ; 

Myrtus odoratis adsit arnica comis. 
Mitis erat dominae, populo mansuetus ; in ossa 

Non nisi legitimis dentibus arma tulit. 
Tandem operi ludoque senex et cursibus impar, 

Lenibus imperiis mortis amatus, amans, 
Succubuit. Suprema mihi cum venerit hora, 

Praeteritos liceat sic revocare dies. 
Serviit ut dominae Bosco, sic, luce relicta, 

Commendet Domino me mea vita meo ! 


VrVERE vis recte ? Ne te mera gaudia captent : 
Hei mihi, quot luctus parturit una dies ! 

Sed nunquam sua creta die discedet ab illo 
Cum veheret dorsum me, Coryphaee, tuum ! 


VOL. xvm. AA 


|ITH a view to the attainment of perfect style, 
the following short models have been obtained 
from our leading literary masters. It was the 
original intention to have included poetry as 
well as prose, but a careful examination of Mr Traill's 
list (to say nothing of recent additions) showed that the 
magnitude of the task was too great for the Eaglet 
This is, however, the less to be regretted as the Editors 
are convinced that all their contributors write perfect 
verse : while the prose . But let us hear the 


W. H. P r. 

For this harmony, this more exquisite music that we 
feel, is not alone in its diviner promptings, in its more 
suggestive tumult, and its subtler tones, which thrill us 
with vag^e murmurings of coyness and delight. It is 
not alone in its sagacious wildness, half stirring us to 
intenser and more spiritual strivings for the higher 
beauty of bewitchery and death. Nor is it altogether or 
in any sense a complete account to say that the 
passionate intensity with which one receives the fonder 
elements of a soul-stirring and emotional impression 
leaves no trace beyond its borders, no influence beyond 
the field of its own limited, though alluring, enquiry- 
For, indeed, he who has not seen the involved, the more 
intricate details, " the white music of the waving wings " 

• An apparent exception to our rule regarding prose and poetry in the 
latitude allowed to J. A. S. arises from the fact that that contributor informs 
us he never writes one without the other — an expression true, but Uablc to be 

In the Words of the Masters. 179 

as Arlfes in his quaint Proven9al has it, will not have 
grasped in its entirety and fullness the true bearing of 
the movement ; and will have in no wise penetrated to 
the inmost or central principle, from which all others 
emanate, in an order — not regular or in any sense 
uniform — but, pulsating, mystic, and subdued. 

J. R n. 

The Art of Bumping. 

Now the art that I have come to speak to you about 
this evening is one which amongst you has sadly fallen 
into desuetude and decay. And yet it is an art which is 
well worthy of your study, and which those of old time 
who were masters of the craft followed after with strain- 
ing and toil, taking only for their reward the Well 
rowed I of the enthusiast and such trophies as were meet. 
But observe that when they who were indeed masters 
achieved success and victory such as befits the Eagle 
that you wear, the Well rowed of the enthusiast was also 
the Well rowed of truth. For is it not — nay must it 
not be clear to all, that when they who from their more 
lofty height and wider outlook proclaim peace when 
there is no peace, aud joy when there is no joy, that they 
are but false and blind guides crying Well rowed! when 
it is not well rowed, and are but as the sailor sleeping 
on the mast, heedless of the path to be traced and the 
dark churning waters that lie before ? 

But now, let us examine into the real meaning of this 
word we use so often. Bump (Goth, and Icel. bomps) is 
a heavy blow, and blow is literally a stroke. Hence we 
see, veiled under the common meaning of the word, 
some trace of the condition of the true stroke ; and we 
shall always find that the etymological and ri^ht use of 
the word is the only key to its true significance. 

J. A. S ds. 

It was a hot July night. I had drifted slowly down 
from Newnham. I was alone in the Backs. A slight 
mist rose from the river. It was a whitish-grey. The 

i8o In the Words of the Masters. 

elms were green. So were the banks of the river. 
Scattered lights shone here and there from men's rooms. 
Some of the lights were shaded and the shades were of 
different colours. In my rooms also was a shaded light : 
and many books that I had not read. But I stayed out 
on the river, for the night was very still. This sug- 
gested the 13th of my Studies ; — 

A symphony of fading green ^ 

A scintillating mist and sheen^ 

The fiver placid but unclean, 

The hour, suggestive of the Dean 

And interviews 9 when morning bright 

Shall chass those stars of shaded lights 

That shine resplendent in the night 

Behind the droop of willowy green. 

The night, the languor and the mists. 

The olive tones of yonder elm. 

Recall again as reverie lists 

Some touch of lave from fancy* s realm. 

Again I press her burning lips. 

Again I tryst my fairy queen. 

Behind the bridge the willow dips : 

Am I, than it, more emerald gteen f 

G. M th. 

Our Titan humour unhinges presumption, flinging 
wide as to brazen-mouthed, loud-crying, eye-socket- 
starting, the herd gaping (instinctive mouth-open 
Hunger), the doors with cannon-shaped boom. He will 
hear no word of resistance. Fling wide the largess, 
golden in grape-shot profusion. He would soar wing- 
fluttering, claw-tearing, eye-gleaming, beak-striking, a 
hawk in the heaven, rocket spangled with stars. Wo 
had heard from Berwick his sparkles in boyish indigna- 
tion. Clifton gave him up. He washed his hands of 
the affair. " You don't hold a lion with hair-pins or a 
woman with tent-pegs, at least not Irene." And Clifton 
had travelled. Lady Aberdeen wrote : " Bright colours 
want background. Try Hensley." But he would have 

In the Words of the Masters. 1 8 1 

none of him, ciphering zero, voluminous series expand- 
ing pitched back on nought — nay ! falling abysmally, 
cluiched shameless the void. Of alternative wing-rayed 
perplexities, Rumour seized full on the Keepsake. 
" Was it not hers ? Why should she ." 

A. L g. 

The objectionable practice of 9 o'clock lectures is 
still, we believe, pursued at the Cambridge University. 
Probably like most of our ceremonial customs it dates 
back to savage and primeval times. The natives of the 
Lundamun islands gather in groups shortly after day- 
break, to wait for the sun-rising ; and the warrior who 
catches the first glimpse executes a light step-dance, 
whirls his spear seven times round his head, and men- 
tions, in an improvised song, those of his deeds which 
he considers will be chiefly valuable to the future 
historian. Nothing is more remarkable than the fact 
that the keen-sighted one is generally the most notable 
warrior present ; and the resignation of the others is as 
delightful, only more certain, than that of Mr Gladstone : 
while it is well recognised that all attempts to check the 
singing warrior would be as futile as that gentleman's 
Homeric hypotheses. 

A point of some importance, to which the attention 
of a certain philological school might be directed, is 
that, though in other respects, as unlike as a niblick and 
a bunker-iron, yet 9 o'clock in Cambridge exactly 
answers to the time of sunrise in the Lundamuns during 
the Summer Solstice. From which we see that the 

Dawn — 

R. L. S n. 

One such motive I remember, one such memory, 
fleeting and full of boyish grace, I sorrowfully recall. 
But the hopes and promptings of that time and its 
eager expectation, half-wayward in its luxury, yet 
half-Stoic in its hardy endurance and persistent force — 
that, all that, is as though it had never been. For 

1 82 In the Words of the Masters. 

they play strange pranks with us, these fitful memories, 
these flashes of returning youth, illuminating the tired 
wanderer on the dusty road. And there is, to me, in 
the following sketch, something of this inexplicable 
charm, of this confiding mystery, though I know 
too well, never can I convey it to another in its 
entirety and fullness : — 

"In the year of grace 17 — I, being baillie to his 
Honour, and shipmaster to the brig Rupert^ was 
sitting on the sands, as was my custom, with my 
copy of Virgil^ which I had just opened, when " 

B. O. H. N. 

^'Come in and take a seat." 

Old Play. 

Thrice, nay four times Welcome ! Come thou within 
my portals. Oh friendly one ! with bright and waving 
hair, and stand upon the floor of knotted pines from 
far Canadian forest, overlaid with tapestry from thy 
revolving looms. Oh distant Kidderminster ! And 
above thy erst-while blackly-square bedecked head 
shall stand my roofing beams, now hidden in the 
hardened paste cemented to their under side, and 
covered with that wash of lime, which beareth, even 
yet, the mellowed semblance of its brightness in the 
springing time. Now, bend the knotted knees and 
let the gravitating power draw down the shapely 
rounded limbs, to seek repose on this fair quadruple- 
supported seat of oaken work and well tanned hides, 
I ween. Backward recline thy shoulders broad within 
its ample costly depths ; for there is room and luxury, 
in truth, within — as beseems the upholstery work of 
Chufiins. And I too will stay beside thee, in the 
purpose yet to hear once more the honeyed accents 
of thy golden mouth. 



(From a photograph by S, A, Walker^ 230, Regent Street ^ London), 

The Very Rev Charles Merivale D.D. 
1808 — 1893. 

The constellation of 'persons of distinguished merit,* formed 
by the Honorary Fellows of the College, has lately lost several 
of its most conspicuous stars. Our astronomers, Adams and 
Pritchard, our classical scholars, Kennedy and Churchill Babing- 
ton, have been taken from us; and we miss in Sir Patrick 
Colquhoun the genial presence of the late Chief Justice of the 
Ionian Islands, whose name is inseparably connected with the 

1 84 Obituary. 

annals of the Lady Margaret Boat Club. And now we lament 
the loss of one who rowed in the first University boat-race 
against Oxford, and was famous in the world of letters as 
the author of the History of the Romans under the Empire. It 
was nine years ago in last June that the College added the 
names of Adams and Todhunter and Merivale to its distin- 
guished list of Honorary Fellows, and now the last survivor 
of the three has passed away. 

Charles Merivale, who was born on March 8, 1808, came of 
a family of Huguenot origin, which first settled in Northampton- 
shire, and in the last century found its way to the west of England. 
He was the son of Mr John Herman Merivale of Barton Place, 
Devon, who was born at Exeter in 1779, was educated at 
St John's College, and was called to the Bar in 1805. Loyalty 
to the cause of Queen Caroline is said to have impaired his 
prospects of professional advancement, even as it delayed the 
distinction of his friend and fellow-student at St John's, Thomas 
Denman, who was ultimately L6rd Chief Justice of England, 
and is duly enshrined in our gallery of College portraits in the 
smaller Combination Room. J. H. Merivale, however, was 
appointed a Commissioner in Bankruptcy in 1826, and held 
that office till his death in 1844. He edited the volumes of 
Chancery Reports for the years 18 14 to 18 17, and was also 
a tasteful cultivator of poetry, being particularly successful in 
translations from the Greek Anthology, and from the poems of 
Pulci and Fortiguerra, and of Dante and Schiller. 

Charles Merivale's mother was a daughter of Dr Drury 
(1750 — 1834), Head-master of Harrow.* He was accordingly 
sent to that school, where he proved himself a keen cricketer, 

* The Rev Dr Joseph Drury succeeded Dr Heath as Head-master in 
1785, having in 1775 married Dr Heath's youngest sister Louisa, daughter 
of Benjamin Heath, D.C.L., of Exeter. He resigned his mastership in 
1805. His eldest son, the Rev Henry Joseph Thomas Drury (1778—18141), 
who was Lord Byron's tutor, was for 41 years an Assistant-master at Harrow, 
and was held in high repute as a scholar. It was doubtless mainly owing 
to his being on the staff at Harrow that Merivale was sent to that School. 
It was his only sister (Louisa Heath Drury) who was Merivale's mother. 
His eldest son, the Rev Henry Drury, was the editor of Arundines Cami^ 
to which his cousin Merivale contributed some excellent compositions, 
all in Latin Verse; while one of his younger sons is the Rev Benjamin 
Heath Drury, formerly Assbtant-master at Harrow, and now President of 
Caius College. 

Obituary. 185 

playing in the first match against Eton in 1824. He was also 
an eager student of Roman history and of Latin literature, 
having imbibed from his uncle Henry Drury a special love 
of Lucan. In after years he used to express his thankfulness 
that he had been at a school which induced him to read 
Gibbon and Lucan ; and, on presenting a copy of his History 
of the Romans under the Empire to the Harrow library, he 
inscribed in it a tribute of gratitude to that school as the 
Alma Mater y cuius in gremio delicatius iacens Gibhonum perlegit^ 
Lucanum edidicit. This inscription is recorded in a letter to 
the Times, dated Dec. 28, 1893, bearing the unmistakeable 
initials of the Master of Trinity, formerly Head-master of 
Harrow, who further says of Merivale : " He has often 
spoken to me in his pleasant way of this youthful feat, adding 
that he supposed the gift of learning Latin poetry by heart 
must be *in the family,* for that his uncle Harry Drury — the 
' Old Harry ' of Harrow fame — knew Lucan perfectly by heart, 
and once said the whole of the Pkarsalia to himself while 
walking over from Harrow to Eton," His own recollections 
of his time at school are the theme of a passage in the 
Commemoration Sermon preached at Harrow in 1872 : 

I have now before me in my mind's eye, in the bright recollection of my 
early boyhood, a vision of Harrow School-house, as it was erected, I believe, 
about three centuries ago, and as it stood unchanged, in its unadorned sim- 
plicity, in the year 18 18. Grim it was, hard featured it was, and mean it was, 
but it was thoroughly business-like, and to the purpose. It seemed to declare 
its object unmistakeably, and to hold out the assurance that it vrould perform 
what it promised, and that all that came forth from it, all that breathed 
its tone, or was impressed with the stamp of its influence, should be solid, 
substantial and true. A portion of the old building still, as you know, 
remains ; but this too has received certain touches of ornament, and even of 
elegance, which are foreign to the original design, and, perhaps, impertinent 
to it. But there it stood, as I remember it, growing in solitary power upon 
a rock, and seeming, like a tor on the Dartmoor hills, to be a part of the rock 
on which it stood (p. 15). 

From Harrow he went to the East India College at Hailey- 
bury, and won a prize for Persian, with other distinctions, but, 
after two years, it was determined that he should stay in 
England instead of accepting a writership in Bengal. It was 
in this way that, as he humorously assured one of his nephews, 
he 'saved India': his change of plan caused a vacancy, 'and 
they sent Lawrence out to India instead.'* 

• Chr. Wordsworth in Cambridge Review y Jan. 18, 1894. p. i62«. 

1 86 Obiltiary. 

From Harrow and Haileybury he came to St John's, in 1826, 
having been entered as a Pensioner under Mr Tatham on 
June 24. Benjamin Hall Kennedy and William Selwyn, the 
Senior Classics of the next two years, 1827 — 1828, were already 
in residence, and a year later came up George Augustus Selwyn, 
the future Bishop of New Zealand. The Lady Margaret Boat 
Club was founded in 1825, and in an early list of the first-boat 
crew we find Merivale as •four* and Wm Selwyn as 'seven'; 
while in the races of the May and October Terms of 1828, and 
the Lent and May Terms of 1829, we find Merivale as 'two' 
and one or both of the Selwyns in the same boat as 'six' 
or 'seven.' In the first Inter- University race in June 1829, 
the Lady Margaret was represented by W. Snow {stroke)^ G. A. 
Selwyn (7), and C. Merivale (4).* At the Commemoration 
Dinner of the Inter- University crews, held in 1881, Merivale 
claimed for himself no inconsiderable share in originating the 
contest. 'It has been said,' he remarked, 'that the Bishop 
of St Andrew's [Charles Wordsworth] was the first to suggest 
the race. I don't think I can quite admit that. He. and I were 
old school friends, and had often competed in contests both 
grave and gay, and I should rather say that the original idea 
was common to us both.' When he was invited to preach 
the Commemoration Sermon in our College Chapel in 1868, 
it was characteristic of the man that he chose for his subject 
' Competition, Pagan and Christian.' This was the last Com- 
memoration Sermon preached in the old Chapel, whose windows 
were adorned with the coats of arms of distinguished members 
of the College, which now form part of the decoration of our 
Hall. The preacher describes himself as 

One who after long and not unfruitful experience of the prindples of this 
place, gained within these precincts, gained between these four walls, gained 
in the companionship of some now in rule and honour among you, and others 
who have been but lately removed from you, gained under the auspicious 
radiance of these stars in our firmament, these pictured memorials of great 

♦ Forster and Harris, History of the LM.B,C^ pp. I— 10. It is clear 
that Merivale could not have been in the Lent Term crew of 1826 (as 
stated on p. 2), since he was not even a member of the College until June 
of that year, and (as is proved by the President's book) was not a member 
of the Club until November 1827. On Nov. 27, 1830, he was in the winning 
boat, manned by the L.M.B.C., tliat accepted a general challenge made 
by a strong crew including five Trinity men and one Johnian (see 
EagUf vi. 135). He was President of the L.M.B.C. in May 1831. 

Obituary. 187 

and holy men whose names and whose merits are most highly pmed among 
US— one who after long- experience also of life under wider and more varied 
infiuences,~cumes here home to«day as a pilgrim from a far land, to offer >ou 
what poor tribute he can bring of Christian advice and exhortation (p. 7). 

He avows that he is no great friend of 'Athletic Sports/ 

* sQch as running and leaping/ and for the same reason for which 

• St Paul looked with disfavour on the. contests of the Pagans at 
Corinth, because they are essentially selfish* He continues as 
follows : — 

I am speaking here, as k were, among old friends and companions, and 
I need not refrain from using a tone which might be thought hardly congruous 
with a pulpit elsewhere : and I will go on to point out the essential difference 
between the old English, the old school and university sports of cricket and 
boating, and the reckless and thougjtitless amusements, and selfish — such they 
are in my view — that distinguish collegiate society at the present day. The 
games of an earlier generation were social combinations ; several individuah 
joining together, to assist one another in a common object ; to merge their 
own individuality in the general weal ; to institute for the time a common- 
wealth, in which each member should work together with a common 
sympathy for a general effect. The effort was corporate — and .so was the 
honour — no single man need be too proud of being the eighth part, or the 
eleventh part of such a triumphant confederation. No one need arrogate to 
himself even his own due proportion of the glory : it might be an exercise of 
kindliness and humility to prefer his comrades before himself, to think himself 
(he least of the eight or the eleven, not worthy to be called one of them at all. 
And when he reflected that what was his own side's victory and triumph, was 
the defeat and humiliation of his opponents— he might, if he were a kindly 
and a Christian gentleman, console himself with the thought that each 
individual on the other side, some of them perhaps among the dearest of his 
own friends^ felt only an eighth or an eleventh part of the disappointment and 
chagrin (p. 11). 

Some of those who heard this sermon dimly surmised that 
the preacher had been a boating man in his day, but they were 
probably hardly conscious of his having had the double dis- 
tinction of playing at Harrow in the first match against Eton, 
and rowing for Cambridge in the first race against Oxford. 

In other youthful competitions he was no less distinguished': 
in 1829 he won the Browne Medal for a Greek Epigram on 
9KOT0V ^i^opKtjQf and for an Alcaic Ode on Caesar ad Rubtconem 
flumen. The first two stanzas of the latter are well worth 

quoting : 

Stabat reUctae in limite Galliae 
Caesar, decennes projiciens moras, 
Fatisque bellorum secundis 
Ebrius imperioque lon^ja: 

1 88 Ohttuary. 

niic micantes adhere turbido 
Respexit hastas signaque milituro, 
Vultusque converses in amnem 
Ulterioris amore ripae. 

In his maturer years he pictured the passage of the Rnbicon 
in the stately prose of his own History of the Romans.* Even as 
a boy he had been familiar with the rhetorical description of 
the same scene in Lucan, and as a freshman he received a copy 
of the Foulis edition of that poet from Dr Wordsworth, Master 
of Trinity, whose son Christopher, the future Bishop of Lincoln, 
was Senior Classic in the year in which Merivale was fourth 
(1830), both of them having already taken their degrees as 
Senior Optimes in the Mathematical Tripos. 

Merivale was elected to a Fellowship on the same day as 
George Augustus Selwyn, March 25, 1833; and sixteen years 
later the Fellowship then vacated by Merivale was filled by the 
election of John Eyton Bickersteth Mayor. He afterwards 
became Assistant Tutor to Dr Hymers, and took his share 
in giving lectures in the days when classical lecturers were 
assumed to be perfectly competent to lecture on almost any 
subject then studied in the University, except Mathematics. 
His lectures on the Greek Testament and Butler's Analogy 
gave him hardly any scope for his special powers ; even those 
on Plato's Republic did not add to his reputation, and the future 
historian of the Romans appears to have discoursed on Tacitus 
without . increasing the inherent interest of his theme. The 
system, which then prevailed, of giving catechetical lectures 
to large classes of men of very unequal attainments was almost 
fore-doomed to failure. Merivale was not unnaturally apt 
to be annoyed by the blundering guesses of so-called students 
who had neglected to prepare their work, while he cordially 
recognised the good sense of any genuine scholar who, like 
Socrates, was wisely conscious of the limits of his own 
knowledge, and, when asked an unexpected question, frankly 
answered that he did not know. 

Merivale's lectures were given in the rooms in the central 
staircase of the New Court (E 5), occupied from 1861 to 1884. 
by Parkinson, among whose many pupils was Merivale's eldest 
son Charles (B.A. 1877, M.A. 1881); and since then by Mr 

♦ Chap, idv, vol. II, p. 131, ed. 1865. 

Ohttiiary. * 189 

Heitland, whose valuable introduction to Lucan includes an 
exhaustive refutation of Merivale's incidental remark that 
Lucan ' had never studied, one is almost tempted to imagine 
that he had never read, Virgil ' {^Hist. of the Romans, c. 64). 
With reference to Merivale's lectures I may here quote from 
a letter written on February 4, by the late Rev Arthur M. Hoare, 
who was invited to contribute to these pages an obituary notice 
of the late Dean of Ely, and who within so short an interval 
of time has himself passed away: 

He was several years my senior : I was not on his < side * ; and though oar 
families were acquainted, I scarcely knew him except as giving the Voluntary 
Clavsicai lectures which I attended. He was habitually rather reserved, 
studious and thoughtful ; he read a great deal and was a leading member 
of the Apostles/ as they weie called [a celebrated club, including Tennyson, 
Trench, Thompson, (afterwards Greek Professor and Master of Trinity), 
and Blake&ley (afterwards Dean of Lincoln)] ; so that he had very little 
interest in midergraduates generally. He was considered a first-rate Latin 
scholar; not so strong in Greek; but I do not think his College duties 
ever interested him much. Perhaps he felt that the system of lectures which 
was then pursued was not calculated to be of much use ; in which he was 

He was a member of the Fellows* < Book Club,' which used to meet 
every Monday, between Hall and Chapel, and where conversation on the 
literature of the day was pretty general. His remarks were chiefly laconic, 
something short and terse, made even more effective by his slight difficulty 
of utterance. 

I am glad to say that I was at Ely last Spring and was able to see him 
for a short time, and to talk over College friends and College days; a 
conversation which enjoyed I much, though his failing strength would not 
allow him to continue it long* His memory was still good and his intellect 
clear and bright. 

He examined for the Classical Tripos in 1836-7, and preached 
four University Sermons, in November 1838, which were 
published in the following year under the title The Church of 
England a faithful witness for Christ ; not destroying the Law, but 
fulfilling it. The closing passage of the last sermon rises 
above the ordinary level in noble and dignified expression, 
but it is too long to transcribe for the present purpose.* He 
was Whitehall Preacher in 1839-40. 

After residing at St John's for two-and-twenty years from his 
admission as a freshman, he accepted the College living of 
I^wford in Essex, which he held, for the same number of years, 

• In College Library, W% 20, 56. pp. 131. 

1 90 Obiiuary. 

from 1848 to 1870. It was apparently during his 'year of grace* 
that on May g, 1 848, he was elected to a Senior Fellowship, which 
he vacated on March 27, 1849. The time spent at Lawford was 
the most permanently fruitful period of his life as a man of 
letters. It was marked by the publication of the seven suc- 
cessive volumes of his well-known History of the Romans under 
the Empire, a work over which he had doubtless brooded in his 
College rooms at Cambridge, but which began to see the light 
at Lawford in the spring of 1850. On July 2 of the same 
year he married Miss Judith Maria Sophia Frere, daughter of 
Mr George Frere of Twyford House, Hertfordshire (a leading 
solicitor of the day, and a friend of Coleridge and other eminent 
men of letters), niece of the Rt Hon John Hookham Frere (the 
translator of Aristophanes), cousin of Sir Bartle Frere (after- 
wards Governor of Bombay), and youngest sister of the wife of 
his distinguished contemporary at Cambridge, Christopher 
Wordsworth, subsequently Bishop of Lincoln. During the next 
twelve years he was actively engaged on his History^ which he 
brought down to the accession of Commodus in 180 a.d., not 
desiring to compete with Gibbon whose detailed narrative begins 
at this point. At the close of his seventh volume, published in 
1862, he writes: — *I have now reached the point at which the 
narrative of my great predecessor, Gibbon, commences, and 
much as I regret that the crisis [which attended the public accep- 
tance of Christianity in the Roman world] should be unfolded to 
the English reader by one who, unhappy in his school and in his 
masters, in his moral views and spiritual training, approached 
it, with all his mighty powers, under a cloud of ignoble preju- 
dices, I forbear myself from entering the lists in which he has 
stalked alone and unchallenged.' A notice of the first two 
volumes in the Edinburgh Review (xcii 57 — 94), after mentioning 
Gibbon and Arnold, describes Mr Merivale as 'no unworthy 
successor to the two most gifted historirjns of Rome whom 
English Literature has yet produced.* Within a few years of its 
completion it was translated into Italian and German. 

Meanwhile, in 1852, he had edited the Catiline 2iYi^ Jugurtha 
of Sallust; and in 1853 had produced his Fall of the Roman 
Republic, which was followed in the next year by a translation 
of Abeken's Cicero in seinen Brie/en under the title of the Life- 
and Letters of Cicero. In 1858 he published a pamphlet on 
Open Fellowships, a plea for submitting College Fellowships to Uni^ 

Obituary, 19 x 

versify CompetHion^ a letter addressed to Phillip Ftere^ Esq , M,A ., 
Bursar of Downing College,* He delivered the Hulsean Lectures 
for the year 186 1-2. In 1862 he followed up the com- 
pletion of his History of the Romans by the publication of a 
translation of the first two books of Keats* Hyperion in Latin 
verse of the highest elegance, avowedly modelled on the style 
of Ovid, Statius, and Claudian, rather than on that of Lucretius 
and Virgil. A second edition, including the third book, 
appeared in the following year, and this was re-issued with 
other compositions (reprinted from Arundines Cami and else- 
where) in 1882. The completion of his History was also 
signalised by his nomination as Chaplain to the Speaker 
(Feb. 1 863). He was Boyle Lecturer in 1864 and 1865, choosing 

* Meriyale's opinions on College and University affairs may be partly 
gathered from his replies to the inquiries of the Cambridge University 
Commission of 1850, dated 'Lawford, March 13, 1851,' e,g. *I am of 
opinion that the necessary expenses of Students cannot be materially 
reduced.. If means could be found to make the College property assessable 
for University purposes, I should be glad to see the Students still further 
relieved.' Their expenses 'might be reduced, I think, indirectly by a 
constant and vigilant superintendence.' As regards private tuition, ' the 
ordinary fee for a term, £i^t might be abated.' He is in favour of the 
experimental 'establishment of Halls for the accommodation of poor 
Students,' and for the training of missionaries or of parochial Schoolmasters. 
He desires <a general examination before matriculation.' As regards 
'inducements to leave the University,' 'any means by which new vigour 
could be infused into the general character of University education would 
tend to retain the services of many who are now lost to us.' As to the staff 
of College Lecturers, 'the grand remedy in the small Colleges would be 
to combine them in groups ' for purposes of instruction. He approves of 
reducing the necessary terms of residence from ten to nine, but opposes 
the suggested reduction of residence to two years. ' It would diminish the 
attachment of alumni to their University.' He adds, what (it may be 
hoped) is less true now than then : — * a large number of excellent men lose 
their first year in idleness, their second in ill-directed attempts to recover 
themselves, and make all their real advance in the third/ He proposes 
a /«//, searching, and methodical [University] examination of the Classical 
Students three times, at least, in the course of their three years,' including 
viva voce, writing of essays, and much personal communication between the 
examiner and the examined ; and lastly he suggests the appointment of a 
Professor of Latin, of Ancient History, and of Ancient Philosophy. Pp. 
173 — 176 of evidence appended to Report of Camb. Univ. CommissioD, 
published 1852. 

192 Obtfuary, 

for his themes Tlte Conversion of the Roman Empire , and the 
Conversion of the Northern Nations. In 1866 he was present at 
the opening of the new buildings of the Union Society at 
Cambridge, when Lord Houghton in his memorable Inaugural 
Address, after recalling amid loud applause the names of some 
of his most famous contemporaries, Cavendish, Tennyson, 
Arthur Hallam, Trench, Alford, and Spedding, addel amid 
renewed cheers : — ' There was Merivale, who, I hope by some 
attraction of repulsion, has devoted so much learning and in- 
genuity to the vindication of the Caesars.' This was the first 
occasion when I saw Merivale ; I was then in my third year ; 
and, with Roman History for the Tripos weighing much upon 
my mind, I well remember wishing I could appropriate in some 
magic manner all the historic lore that lay beneath that serene 
brow and that ample forehead. His Homer's Iliad in English 
Verse (1869) was less successful than that of the great Earl 
of Derby, who generously described it as one of the finest 
things in the English language. The Scholar's life at Lawford 
is happily reflected in the dedication of this work to his devoted 
wife. The intrinsic beauty, as well as the biographical interest, 
of this dedication in its English as well as its Latin forms may 
well justify the quotation of both versions. 

To thee, who bending o*er my table's rim, 

Hast mark'd these measures flow, these pages brim; 

Who, link'd for ever to a lettered life. 

Hast drawn the dubious lot of student's wife; 

Kept huih around my desk, nor grudged me still 

The long, dull, ceaseless rustling of my quill; 

Content to guide the house, the child, to teach. 

And hail my fitful interludes of speech; 

Or bid the bald disjointed tale rehearse; 

Or drink harsh numbers mellowing into verse: 

Who still 'mid cares sedate, in sorrows brave, 

Hast for me borne the light, and with me share the grave; 

And grown from soft to strong, from fair to sage. 

Flower of my youth, and jewel of my age : — 

To thee these lays I bring with joy. with pride, — 

Sure of thy suffrage, if of none beside. 

O quae tam magnam vidisti hanc crescere molem, 

Sueta diu chartis invigilare meis, 
Palladio conjux aeternum nexa marito ; 

Ahl dubium docti sors bona, necne, tori: 

Obituary. 193 

JussJi taccre tacens, sed non habitura crepaci 

Inyidiam calamo, jassa tacere, meo ; 
Sed servare domum, subolem contenta docere, 

Inque lucro tetrici* j)onere verba viri; 
Aat tenue informis specimen monstrare libelli 

Praeciperc, aat crudos jam bibere aure modos ; 
Quae, quibus inciderim curis ac luctibus olixn, 

Ultro ferre Icves aasa, levare graves; 
De tenera fortis, de pulchra reddita prudens; 

Tu mihi flos juveni, tu mihi gemma seni : — 
£n tibi quos dono meritoque lubensque dicavi! 

Te saltern hi numeri, sis licet una, juvaiit. 

In 1869 he was appointed Dean of Ely; and on Oct. 27, 
1870, he was admitted to the degree of D.D. jure digniiatts 
in the Senate-House of Cambridge. By the kindness of the 
Public Orator of the day, Mr Jebb, now Regius Professor of 
Greek and Senior Member for the University, I am enabled 
to print for the first time the felicitous speech delivered by 
the Orator in presenting him for his degree : 

Multa qnidem verecundia me sensissem praepedlri, qui virum mea 
praedicatione maiorem ad decretos a vobis honores deducam, nisi verenti 
laudare ipsa illius laus opem tuHaset. Adeo enim est vobis bene notus ut 
minus cavendum arbitrer ne parum eius meiita praedicem, qaam ne justo 
fusius inter scientes dixisse videar. Pauca tantum e multis proferam. 

Credo omnes qui adeslis gravissimo illi bello quod Europam tres iam 
menses arroorum strepitu, rumoribus consiliorum complete quotidie animos 
attendisse. Quis, acta diurna lectitans, illud non sensit, quam sit difficile 
magnos magnarum gentium conatus vel in triduum animo comprendere, 
memoria persequi T Hie autem, quern intuemur, gentis omnium quae 
fiierunt unquam maximae, hie Romae inquam orbi terrarum moderantis, re« 
pace res bello gestas non per trimestre spatium, sed continua seculorum. 
serie animo tenuit, memoriae prodidit. Sensit Vergilius, de apium republics 
dicturus, in tenui quidem poni laborem, tenuem vero non fore gloriam, si 
tentanti res pro»pere successerit. Quae igitur nostrati laus debetur, qui 
positum in magno laborem feliciter exhausit; qui Imperii Romani annales 
pro rei dignitate condidit ? 

Quod vero hie Decani Eliensis munus obtinet, et ipsi et nobis gratulamur. 
Is enim qui ad Elienses accedit videtur quasi Cantabrigiam rediisse. Nimi- 
rum cum ille Decanatus annis abhinc trecentis triginta constitutus sit, hie 
autem inter Decanos Elienses vicesimus, ni fallor, quintus numeratur, fere 
nemo reperitur ceterorum quin cum hac Academia aliquam necessitudinem 

Optantibus Grantae Musis accidiste debet jquod vox toties cum favore 
audita iterum ad Cami arundines audietur. In eo scilicet hoc temporis 

• The first syllable of this word is really long. 

194 Obituary. 

versantnr Camenae, ut nunquam laetiores cultorem neque parcam neqae 
non illustrem umbris suis vicinum viderint. Novimus quanta cum ex- 
pectatione hoininum proximo abhinc lustro sermonibus divulgatum sit, 
nobile illud Keatsii poema, cui titulus Hyperion, Latine redditum a viro 
qui Senatui Britannico a sacris privatis turn esset in lucem mox proditururo. 
Sit, quod dicunt nonnulli ilia versus Graece Latine pangendi studia 
aliquantulum a fastigio inter nos declinavisse : illud saltern aifinnare ausim — 

Nondum sidereos Hyperion perdidit axes — 
£n, Hyperionius iam glbcit limine fulgor. 

One at least of those who witnessed the scene in the Senate 
House can still recall, as he pens these lines, the genial smile 
that played about the lips of the Dean as he stood, robed in 
radiant scarlet, listening to the last two lines of his own render- 
ing of the lines of Keats : — 

* And be ye naindful that Hyperion, 

Our brightest brother, still is undisgraced — 

Hyperion, lo I his radiance is here ! ' 

His tenure of the office of Dean was not niarked by the pro- 
duction of any great literary work. It is currently reported that 
the first sermon which he preached in Ely Cathedral on 
succeeding that most energetic of Deans, Harvey Goodwin, was 
on the text, * From henceforth let no man trouble me.' But, in 
his unobtrusive way, he got through a considerable amount of 
official work as Dean ; and, although in literature he did not 
succeed in producing another masterpiece, yet he published 
several smaller works which deserve lo be mentioned. To 
this period belong his Genetal History of Rome^ in one volume ; 
a volume on the Roman Triumvirates, contributed to the 
•Epochs of Roman History* ; St Paul at Rorm; Four Lectures 
on Epochs of Early Church History ; a small volume on the Conti- 
nental Teutons (S. P. C. K.), and a Memorial Volume on 
the Bissexcentenary of Ely Cathedral (1873). He took an 
interest in the Cathedral School ; and was happy in the com- 
panionship of his former contemporaries at St John's, Kennedy 
and William Selwyn, who were already Canons of Ely when he 
went there as Dean. He was also glad to come over to his old 
College from lime to time, and to welcome visits at Ely from 
men of a younger generation at Cambridge. In October 1879, 
when invited to stay at the Deanery, I remember finding that the 
Dean had lately been ' revisiting the scene of an interesting 
incident of his earlier life (in 1833), which had recently led to the 
raising of a memorial to mark the spot where a famous Johnian, 

Obituary. 195 

Thomas Clarkson, had first resolved on devoting his life to the 
Abolition of the Slave Trade. The memorial was unveiled by 
Miss Merivale, and the account of the ceremony in the news- 
papers led to the family of the Dean being apprised of the 
existence of a portrait of Ciarkson by Henry Room (1838). The 
letter conveying this information was placed in my hands, and 
was thus bYought to the knowledge of the Master of that time, 
Dr Bateson, with the result that the picture was purchased by 
the College and placed in the Combination-room, by the side of 
the portrait of Clarkson*s fellow- worker, Wilberforce. 

The above-mentioned memorial to Ciarkson is an obelisk erected 
between two and three miles from Ware It was anveiled on Oct. 9, 1879; 
aod on this occasion Merivale, who 46 years before had stood on the spot 
with Ciarkson himself and heard his reminiscences of an event that happened 
48 years earlier still, told in a very simple and unaffected manner a story 
that spanned the space of four and ninety years. It was in June 1 785 that 
Ciarkson, after reciting in the Senate- House his Latin Essay on the thesis 
* is it lawful to enslave people against their will ? ' took horse to ride to 
London. It was near Ware that he made the great resolve that gave a 
direction to the whole of his subsequent life. By the co-operation of 
Ciarkson and Wilberforce the slave-trade was abolished in 1807, and the 
bill for the emancipation of the slaves in the West Indies was passed 
in 1833. "In the same year** (to quote from Merivale's speech), "Basil 
Montague,, came one morning to my father's house, and said: < We are 
going to take a step to perpetuate the memory of Clarkson's great deed, and 
to commemorate the commencement of the abolition. Ciarkson is going 
with me down to Wadesmill, where.. he first conceived the idea.. We want 
to take with us some younger man, who may perchance survive us and live 
to point out the spot, and interest some generous spirits in giving effect to 
the desire.' I had the honour to be introduced to Ciarkson, occupied a place 
in his carriage, and came down with him to the Feathers Inn. We got out, 
pot up our horses, and set out for the place. In connexion with that visit I 
often think of the words of Wordsworth : — Ciarkson^ it was an obstinate hill 
to climb. It was, and Ciarkson was then an old man. . . He had evidently 
been feeling the situation very much, but he walked up the hill, looked about, 
and said, *I should like to ascertain the exact spot.' He seemed a little 
dazed, and I think the hill must have been lowered since that time. He 
turned round and said, < Oh ! I remember, I just turned the comer of the 
road, and noticed the smoke from the Feathers Inn. I wouldn't go down, 
because I felt so much affected, and I got off my horse and sat down on that 
spot.' Then Basil Montague, who was an impulsive man, seized my arm, and, 
dragging me across to the place, said, 'You will never forget that place.' 
Therefore I always felt that there was a certain obligation resting on me to 
commemorate that spot. I brought the subject more than once before persons 
interested in the great history, but have been unsuccessful until about one year 
ago our excellent friend, Mr Puller, hearing the story— not from me, but from 

196 Obituary, 

another — said, ' I am very interested in what you tell me, and I should like to 
take it up myself. He invited me to his house, and we came here and fixed, 
I believe, the exact spot. . ." The obelisk is of Portland stone on a base of 
rubbed Yorkshire stone, standing by the roadside on a hill overlooking the 
little village of Wadesmill, among the pleasant places of the county of Hert- 
ford. It bean the following inscription: — *On the spot where stands this 
monument, in the month of June, 1785, Thomas Claikson resolved to devote 
his life to bring about the abolition of the slave trade.* On the base arc the 
words : — * Placed here by Arthur Giles Puller, of Youngbuiy, October 9, 1879.* 
From The Times for Oct. 10. 

On another visit to Ely, in August 1893, I called at the 
Deanery, and was allowed the privilege of a few minutes of con- 
versation with the Dean, at a time when he was already much 
enfeebled in health. I found him seated in an upper room, 
true to his nephew's happy description of him as in later years, 
' the most imperturbable and sedentary of men.** In such a room 
as this, with a goodly store of books on every wall, he had doubt- 
less spent many of his happiest hours, ' as he sat, slightly 
reclining, his head backwards, in his library chair, with his 
eyes upon the book held well before them.' Sic sedehat. He 
told me of his College rooms when first he came to Cambridge, 
the rooms between the First Court and the Second, and looking 
out on both ; and listened in a musing way while I mentioned 
the endeavour which was then being made in our College 
magazine to form a record of the rooms tenanted in bye-gone 
years by former members of the College. As I passed from his 
presence I felt I could hardly expect to see his calm and 
kindly face again : I suppose I must have been the last Fellow 
of his College who actually saw him. In the early part of the 
afternoon of St John's Day, the 27th of December, after having 
become unconscious on the previous night, he gradually and 
peacefully passed away; and on January 2nd, after a simple 
service in the Cathedral, his body with a few flowers strewn on 
the coflSn was borne to the northern cemetery at Ely. There, 
in the presence of his wife and his three sons and both his 
daughters, and a few friends besides, was laid to rest all that 
was mortal of Charles Merivale. 

J. E. Sandys. 

[We are indebted to the courtesy of the proprietors of the Daily Graphic 
for the characteristic portrait of Deau Merivale which heads this notice. 
Edd. Eagle. '\ 

• Chr. Wordsworth in Comb. Review, Jan. 18, 1894. p. 162 a. 

obituary. 197 

Arthur Milnes Marshall M.A. M.D. F.R.S. 

Arther Milnes Marshall, born in Birmingham 8 June 1852, 
vas the second son of Mr William P. Marshall, for many years 
Secretary of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers. He was 
educated, first at the Rev D. Davis' school at Lancaster, and 
afterwards at Mr J. Sibree's school at Stroud. He matriculated 
-with honours at the University of London in 1868, and obtained 
the B A. degree there in 1870, winning the prize for Animal 

He entered St John's in October 1871 as a Sizar, but with- 
out an entrance Scholarship. His year was a strong one in 
Natural Science. The late P. H. Carpenter, of Trinity, had 
been carefully trained by his father, Dr W. B. Carpenter, and 
came to Cambridge with a great reputation. But, as time went 
on, it began to be generally known that Marshall was improving 
his position, and when he was Senior in the Natural Science 
Tripos of 1874 his College friends, though gratified, could 
hardly be said to Kave been surprised. 

He had in 1873 taken the B.Sc degree at London. After 
taking his degree Marshall resided for about three years in 
Cambridge and assisted his friend Prof F. M. Balfour in his 
Comparative Morphology classes (spending however some 
time at Naples under Dr Dohrn in 1875). In 1877 he removed 
to St Bartholomew's Hospital, London. He graduated as 
D.Sc. in London in that year, and in November was elected to 
a Fellowship at St John's College. 

In 1879, at the age of 27, he was elected Professor of 
Zoology at the Owens College. Some of his competitors were 
men whose actual scientific attainments at that time were greater, 
but the choice of the electors was signally justified and he him- 
self recognised that he had found his life's work. He took the 
degree of M.D. at Cambridge in 1882, but never contemplated 
medical practice. In 1885 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal 
Society, and served upon its Council 1891 — 92. 

Stich in brief outline is a sketch of Marshall's career. Of the 
man himself it is more difilcult to speak. Gifted with a singularly 
joyous nature, he was the most stimulating of companions. 
His interests were wide and varied. Literature, Music, Art, all 
claimed his attention. But the characteristic which impressed 
all who came in contact with him was his vitality, energy, and 

iqS Obituary, 

thoroughness. Others might talk of what they would do when 
the ever present spectre of the Tripos was behind them. 
Marshall wanted to be doing something now. He even pleaded 
guilty to an accusation that the mere act of getting up in the 
morning was a source of pleasure to him. A man with many 
friends and mixing in all the movements of College life, he was 
yet careful and economical in his personal expenditure. When 
some enquiries were made as to the cost of a University career, 
Marshall informed a Tutor of the College (and wished his name 
to be mentioned as authority for the statement) that his College 
expenses had never exceeded / loo a year. 

There can be no doubt that he found his true vocation as a 
teacher and scientific worker. His mind was of that rare order 
which not only sees a problem clearly itself, but is cognisant of 
every step taken in understanding it, enters into the position of 
those who approach it for the first time, and foresees where 
their difficulties will be. He was an admirable popular lecturer. 
And here probably his secret lay in the fact that he never came 
down to his audience, but starting from some familiar fact or 
idea, caught their attention, and keeping it in his grasp led them 
up to his own level. 

His introductory address as Professor at the Owens College, 
on The Modem Study of Zoology^ is a good illustration of thia 
power. Speaking to an audience familiar with business details 
he reminded them of the usefulness of ' stock-taking.' Then 
stating that he proposed to take stock of our zoological know- 
ledge, and quoting Huxley's definition of Zoology as 'the 
whole doctrine of animal life,' or as Marshall put it with a 
characteristic touch, *all about animals,' he shewed how from 
the earliest times there were names not only for animals but 
for groups of animals. Thus we read of Solomon (i Kings 
iv, 32), *• he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in 
Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the >xall; 
he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, 
and of fishes." After touching on the classifications of Aristotle 
and Pliny he came to the classifications and methods of 
modern Science. The whole is so gradual that one hardly 
perceives the passage from the old to the new. Referring to 
the attempts which had been made to construct the pedigrees 
of existing animals by the aid of fossil remains of extinct forms, 
he illustrated them by a reference to family trees where the stem 

Obituary. 199 

represents the earliest ancestor who " came over with the Con- 
queror," " whose sole possessions of any importance appear to 
have been a crest, a motto, and a coat of arms, the primary 
branches representing his offspring, and so on, each branch 
representing a generation. Some of the branches die and 
become extinct ; others persist and thrive, the ultimate 
branchlets bear leaves, which are the actually living repre- 
sentatives of the family, and on the topmost of which we 
inscribe our own name." 

This personal touch seems to have been a favourite peg on 
which to hang a discourse. For at the British Association 
Meeting in Edinburgh in 1892 he gave a lecture on Pedigrees^ 
when, to quote Nature (11 August 1892), "Prof Milnes 
Marshall played upon his vague title of Pedigrees until the 
scintillations lit up a great part of the theory of Evolution." 
He started with a diagram of a skeleton tree, the base of which 
was marked I and the ends of the branches T, D, and H, 
and shewed that I (himself) was the result of the ancestors T, 
D, and H, which symbols, it appeared, stood for Tom, Dick and 
Harry. Then briefly touching on the carelessness of mankind 
as to their ancestry and challenging his audience to think 
how many of them could write down the names of all their 
great-grand-parents, he pointed out that men keenly studied 
certain descents. ' For example,' he said, * here is a pedigree 
in which we are all interested ' ; and then the lantern threw on 
the screen an elaborate pedigree, complete for four or five 
generations, and culminating in the name of Orme, then in 
the height of his notoriety, scratched for the Derby and not 
yet the winner of the St Leger. 

But it must not be imagined that Marshall was superficial. 
The playful, almost boyish, character of his demeanour covered 
a deep earnestness and enthusiasm for his work. 

When he first went to Manchester he was at a great dis- 
advantage in the way of laboratory accommodation. But 
his success was so great and marked that new laboratories 
and lecture rooms were erected for him. The admirable 
arrangements of the Beyer laboratories at Owens College are 
due to his practical faculty for organisation, and he made 
splendid use of his opportunities. His popularity with his 
students was unbounded. His advice was often sought and 
was valued because it was always candid ; while his geniality 

200 Obituary. 

and kindliness were such that his outspoken criticisms never 
gave offence. 

To some it seemed that this capacity for organisation 
just referred to was his greatest distinction. The success of 
the Manchester Meeting of the British Association was largely 
due to his efforts as local secretary. He also rendered excel* 
lent service to the Victoria University in its early stages. He 
was for eight years a member of the Court of Council, for 
two years Secretary to the Board of Studies, and for two years 

Yet with all this administrative business he still found time 
for original work. He wrote many scientific papers on his own 
lines of research, and his text-books, Tht Frog, Practical 
Zoology, and Vertebrate Embryology, have been very successful. 
As in the case of his friend Prof F. M. Balfour, death came to 
him by an accident among the mountains. Of late years 
Marshall spent a portion of each autumn in climbing among the 
Alps. Last year he traversed the Matterhorn from the Italian 
to the Swiss side, scaled the Aiguille Dru, and climbed Mont 
Blanc by a variation of one of the known routes. He was a 
careful and skilful climber. To keep himself in training for his 
favourite amusement he was wont to spend Christmas among 
the mountains near Wastdale. At the end of last year he was 
doing some climbing amongst the hills, when, on 31 December, 
with a party of friends he left the Wast Water Hotel for the 
north face of Scawfell. They had climbed Scawfell Pinnacle by 
way of Steep Ghyll, the Chimney and the Low Man, and were 
returning by the easy road of the Lord's Rake. The party 
had halted in the Rake for a rest, when Marshall crossed the 
scree and mounted a low ridge. From this he called to a com- 
panion to bring the camera for a photograph. While this was 
being done Marshall further ascended the ridge to get a more 
extended view. After this no word was spoken for a short space, 
when the noise of falling stones was heard. Then appeared, 
falling down the broken ground, a large stone followed by the 
body of Prof Marshall. His friends rushed to the foot of the 
slope only to find that he was lifeless. What precisely happened 
is not known. Perhaps the stone on which he was standing 
gave way, or possibly a stone fell on him from above. His 
name is the last in point of date on the long death-roll of the 
College for the year 1893, 

R. F. S. 

Ohttuary, 201 

The scientific attainments and the great success as a teacher 
of the late Professor Arthur Milnes Marshall are well known. 
The pleasing duty of putting on record the enthusiastic admira- 
tion and liking which he won from so many of his pupils falls 
to me as one of them. Professor Marshall was an inspiring 
lecturer, and never failed to arouse the keen interest and hold 
the attention of the large number of students who attended 
him. Many of us must always remember with gratitude the 
thirst for, and delight in, the gaining of knowledge which we 
derived from his teaching. He had a wonderful power of 
making difficult points clear, seeming to make us follow the 
workings of his own mind. The course of lectures was always 
closed with a few words of kind advice to us, many of whom 
were just entering on medical study, and to many a man he 
gave privately earnest encouragement and stimulus. But it 
was not only in the lecture room and laboratory that Professor 
Marshall won his great popularity. His enormous energy 
enabled him lightly to perform an immense amount of work, 
and yet find time to take a very active part in the College 
sports. He was President of several clubs and indefatigable 
in promoting their success, and himself took part in the games. 
In the winter months he was one of the keenest and most 
skilful of the workers in the gymnasium, and in summer he 
played in the tennis and cricket teams of the College. 

In spite of his devotion and great services to the Owens 
College he never ceased to take an interest in St John's, and 
in many ways helped to model the athletic clubs of Owens 
on the same lines as ours here. His death is felt as a very 
great loss by all who came in personal contact with him, and by 
many others in Manchester and elsewhere, who only knew him 
as a teacher of remarkable power and exhilarating energy. 

W. McD. 

The Rev Thomas James Rowsell M.A. 

The career of Canon Rowsell, of Westminster, which has just 
closed, presents many features of interest. Educated at Ton- 
bridge School and St John's College (B.A. 1838), his high 
spirits aud aptitude for all athletic games interfered much with 
his classical reading. He was, however, exhibitioner of the 
College, and was recognized as possessing exceptional ability. 

202 Oit/uary. 

Changing his first intention of reading for the Bar, he entered 
Holy Orders in 1839, and was Curate for two years at Kenning- 
ton and Stockwell. Thence he was appointed in 1 844 to the 
Incumbency of St Peter's, Stepney, where the heaviest work of 
his life was done. In that populous parish, thronged with the 
poorest class of East-end operatives, costermongers, &c., he 
laboured strenuously for seventeen years. During that time he 
gained the confidence and affection of his poor parishioners in 
a remarkable manner, while by his striking sermons he attracted 
the attention of the outside world. At this time the East-end 
was practically a /erra incognita to the West, and no one did 
more than Mr Rowsell to kindle that interest and sympathy in 
the one for the other which have since become common. To 
the period of his Stepney work belong his sermons preached 
before the University on the " English University and the 
English Poor," which created no small stir by their effect upon 
some of the noblest spirits among his hearers. Among the 
friends who were drawn to him in his Stepney parish were 
Dean Stanley, Professors Kingsley, Maurice, Seeley, Sir Charles 
Buxton, and last, but not least, Mr Gladstone, whose friendship 
never failed, and who, long years after, presented him to the 
Canonry of Westminster. At the opening of his "School- 
Church," the first thing of its kind in England. Mr Gladstone 
showed his sympathy by coming down and speaking. The con- 
dition of the East-end at this time, as far as Church matters 
were concerned, was deplorable. The three largest and most 
important parishes were in sequestration, and the rectors non- 
resident. It was no easy task to strike out a line in advance of 
the times. Prejudices had to be removed, obstacles to be over- 
come, powerful interests had to be fought and bearded ; but the 
wear and tear was immense, and the ways and means a constant 
source of anxiety, and even Mr Rowsell's strong constitution 
broke down at last. It was not until this happened — after many 
serious illnesses — that he consented to leave his dearly loved 
parish, and was placed by the then Bishop of London, Tait, at 
St Margaret's, Lothbury, for comparative rest, in i860. Here 
be found opportunity for doing another kind of work, reaching 
by the eloquence of his. sermons vast congregations of the most 
cultivated and intelligent men in the City of London, and throwing 
himself with ardour into such spheres of work as the Bishop of 
London's Fund and the London Hospital. He exchanged this. 

Obituary. 203 

iD 1 872, for a West-end living, St Stephen's, which he resigned 
in 1882 on being appointed to the Canonry of Westminster. 
Thus in his fifty years of .ministry he had rung the changes on 
every phase of London life, and gained that ready sympathy 
with every class which comes of intimate knowledge of their 
needs. He had also the privilege of being selected by the Queen 
in 1867 3s Chaplain-in-Ordinary, and in 1879 as "Deputy Clerk 
of the Closet," a post of very special confidence and honour, 
which he prized, as being the gift of Her Majesty herself, more 
perhaps, than any other honours of his life. One of his most 
memorable actions was in connexion with the Trafalgar-square 
riots in 1887, when a noisy and mischievous mob marched to 
the Abbey one Sunday afternoon and filled the open space 
around it at the time of service. It was then that he, already 
old and infirm, went over to them alone, clad in his surplice, 
and standing on a chair, used his clear voice and ready 
eloquence to such effect that he stilled the mob into silence, and 
persuaded them to join with him in prayer and to depart in 
peace. It was a striking instance of the power that he possessed 
of appealing to what was best in his listeners, and enlisting con- 
science on the side of right. 

His theological position would be difficult to define. At the 
outset of his career he was largely influenced by what was called 
the •' Oxford Movement," and his earliest friends were some of 
the leaders of that movement — Newman and Pusey and Manning* 
In fact, one of Newman's latest sermons before he left the 
Knglish communion was preached in his church. As his mind 
matured, his views widened, and he found in the teachings of 
Professor F. 'D. Maurice a fresh impulse, and a fuller satis- 
faction for the longings of his soul. But he was never, in any 
sense, a party man, having a full appreciation of the good work 
done by each party, and an honour for all of them that " love 
the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity." If he had a special cult it 
was that of the domestic affections. Singularly happy in his 
own domestic life, he was continually dwelling upon the Father* 
hood of God, and the blessedness of home life, where the purity 
and holiness of Christ are the uniting bond. It was the death 
of his wife, the companion of fifty years, that finally broke him 
down, and he fell asleep in the arms of his eldest son on 
January 23, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. His was a 
well-rounded, useful, happy career, which received its meed of 

204 Obituary. 

honour; but it is well to remember that for the one who lives 
to meet with some reward and success there have been 
hundreds quite as true and good and loyal who have never been 
recognised, and that upon such as these the Church's life is 
built up. 

The Rev John Castle Burnett M.A. 

With the death of the venerable Rector of St Michael's, 
Bath, on s November, one of the last of the prominent 
representatives of the old generation of Evangelicals has 
passed away. Born August 9, 1807, in the Island of Grenada, 
where his father, Captain Richard Parry Burnett, was on active 
service, all his early years were passed amid military sur- 
roundings. His own mind was, however, fully made up while 
quite young to enter the ministry, and on leaving school he 
proceeded to St John's College, where he graduated B.A. in 
1829, taking the degree of M.A. four years later. In 1831 he 
was ordained deacon by the Bishop of Chichester for the 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, his title to Holy Orders being the 
curacy of Yeovilton, of which parish his relative. Archdeacon 
Law (afterwards Dean of Gloucester) was Rector. This was 
the beginning of a close intimacy and brotherly friendship, 
which continued unbroken till the death of the latter. In 1841 
Mr Law presented him to the vicarage of Berrow, of which, 
as Archdeacon, he was patron. Here he at once set to work to 
restore the church — a task which was hardly completed when 
he received the offer of the Chapter living of North Curry with 
West Hatch, two large and scattered parishes, tor the latter 
he succeeded in building schools, a parsonage-house, and in 
providing an endowment which enabled it to be made into a 
separate incumbency ; and for the mother-parish he built, and 
maintained during the time he held the living, large and Ex- 
cellent schools. The amount of opposition which he had to 
encounter, arising from» the ignorance of the people, who 
looked upon education and schools as dangerous innovations 
which must be resolutely resisted at the outset, can hardly be 
believed at the present day. When in the year 1857 ^^ 
accepted the rectory of St Michael's, Bath, the twelve years of 
patient work and faithful ministry had not been thrown away, 
and he left North Curry amidst the universal lamentations of 

Obiiuary. 205 

kis parishioners. For thirty-six years hB continued rector of 

St Michael's, and his strikingly tall and dignified figure was 

one of the best known and most familiar in Bath. Incessant 

in parochial activity, laboriously conscientious in bis ministerial 

*ork, he toiled on till long after the age when men are usually 

^aid aside or feel themselves entitled to rest ; and, although 

during the last year or two his bodily powers were weakened, 

kis mental vigour remained unaltered. Such is a brief history 

of the public life of one whose personal character was 

singularly beautiful. Its two principal characteristics were love 

and humility. He was never known to speak an unkind word 

^0 or of anyone, or to do a hasty or inconsiderate action, and 

ke literally obeyed the Apostolic command, in lowliness of 

'^^'^d esteeming all others as better than himself. 

His son, the Rev R. P. Burnett, also a member of our 

*^ge, writes to us — "Though it is nearly sixty years since 

,. father quitted Cambridge, he retained to the last the 

olrt ' interest in the University, and more particularly in his 

College. My copy of the Eagle ^ which for many years he 

^^^s forwarded to me in India, he invariably cut and studied 

\)efore sending. He always regarded his undergraduate days 

as among the most happy periods of his existence, and used 

frequently to say that to have a parish in Carfibridgc was the 

wish of his life." 

Sidney Charles Harding. 

St John's can claim one son in the brave band which 
perished gloriously with Major Wilson by the Shangani River 
in unequal struggle with the Matabele on some unknown date of 
December last. 

Sidney Charles Harding, only son of Colonel Charles 
Harding, Honorary Colonel of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, the 
Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment, was born 10 December 
1 86 1. After leaving Felstead School he entered St John's in 
October 1880. He was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in the Univer- 
sity Volunteers on 5 January 1881, but resigned his commission 
in the following April, when he left the University and went out 
to South Africa. There he served at first as a Lieutenant in 
Dymes* Mounted Rifles, but on the settlement of the Basuto 
question joined the Natal Mounted Police. For four years, 

2o6 . Obituary, 

from 1889 to 1893, h^ served in the Bechuanaland Border 
Police, being for a time the acting quartermaster. He left 
Bechuanaland on May 1 5 last, and later received a commission 
in the volunteers for the Matabele war, and went up to 
Mashonaland. His father, in notifying his death to the press, 
writes, " I have lost a brave, kind-hearted son, and his many 
friends, here and everywhere, one who was as cheery as he 
was indifferent to all anxiety as to himself A portrait of 
Mr Harding appeared in the Daily Graphic of January 18. 

The following Members of the College died during the year 
1893 ; the date in brackets is that of the first degree. 

Rev Stephen Condor Adams {1858), Vicar of St Jude's, Newbridge, WoItcf- 
hampton : died 14 April, at Athens (sec EagU xvii, 671). 

ReT Matthew Anderson (1823), Rector of Kemberton, Shropshire: died 
3 February at Sedlescombe Rectory, Battle, aged 93. 

Rev Henry Ashe (1867), Vicar of Staveley-in-Cartmell : died August, 
aged 48. 

Rev Humphrey Lowry Bamicoat (1843), formerly Scholar, Vicar of Landrake 
and St Ernery, Cornwall : died August, aged 73. 

John Biden (1846), formerly Master at Marlborough : died 8 April at Ham- 
mersmith, aged 71. 

Rev Leonard Blomefield (Jenyns) (1822), formerly Vicar of Swaffham 
Bulbeck, Cambs : died I September at Bath, aged 93 (see EagU xvill, 

Rev Anthony Bower (1846), formerly Fellow: died 22 May at Caboume, 
aged 69 (see EagU xvii, 666). 

Rev Charles Edward Bowlby (1855), formerly Rector of Stanwich, North- 
ampton : died 25 September at Southend, aged 59. 

Rev John Castle Burnett (1829), Rector of St Michael's, Bath: died 
5 November, aged 86 (see EagU xvm, 204). 

John Butler (1850, formerly Chief of the Parliamentary Staff of the Press 
Association : died 17 June at Raikes Farm, Abinger, Dorking, aged 75. 

Rev Charles William Cahusac (1840), late Vicar of Astwood, Bucks, and 
late Captain H.M. Indian Service : died 28 August at Bedford, aged 76. 

Rev George Carpenter (1843), 'formerly Vicar of Stapleford, Wilts: died 
5 May at Leignitz, Silesia, aged 7 f . 

Rev William Ashforth Cartledge (1843), formerly Vicar of Bilton, Yorks : 
died December at Harrogate, aged 73.. 

Rev David Malcolm Clark (1829), Prebendary of Wells : died 1 February at 
Southboume, Hants, aged 84. 

John Cowie (1856), of Colvin, Cowie, and Co. : died 2S April at Calcutta (see 
EagU XVII, 670). 

Rev John Marten Cripps (1841), formerly Rector of Great Yeldham, Essex r 
died 21 September at Exmouth, aged 75. 

Ohituaty, 207 

Rev Charles Daniel Crofts (1845), Rector of Caythorpe, Lines : died 15 April 
at Caythorpe, aged 71. 

Herbert Dukinfield Darbishire (1887), Fellow: died 18 July in College, 
aged 30 (sec Eagle xviii, 67). 

ReT Thomas Darling (1838), formerly Rector of St Michael's Paternoster 
Royal, London : died August at 10 Mecklenburgh Square, London. 

Rev Uriah Davies (1847), Vicar of St Matthew's, Canonbury : died 22 March 
at 3 Willow Bridge Road, Canonbury, aged 71. 

Rev Robert Dixon (1857) LL.D., formerly Scholar, Vicar of Aylesbeare : 
died 8 February at Teignmouth, aged 57. 

Rev Robert Steward Dobson (1834), Rector of Little Leighs : died January. 

Rev Heriot Stanbanks Drew (1834): died 31 December at Hayes, Kent, 
aged 85. 

Rev John Mee Fuller (1858), formerly Fellow, Vicar of Bexley, Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History at King's College, London : died 16 August at 
Coombe Martin, Devon, aged 65. 

Rev Tansley Hall (1833), Rector of Boylestone, Derbyshire : died 20 January 
at Oaksmoor, Bournemouth, aged 81. 

Sidney Charles Harding, killed in action near the Shangani River, Matabele- 
knd, with Major Wilson's party, December, aged 32 (see Eagle xviir, 

Charles Edmund Haskins (187 1), Fellow and Lecturer: died 24 October at 
Cambridge, aged 44 (see Eagle xviii, 61). 

Rev Melville Holmes (1845), Vicar of Wadsley, Sheffield: died 19 September 
at Wadsley, aged 71. 

James Jago (1839) M.D. Wadham College, Oxford, F.R.S. : died 18 January, 
aged 77. 

Rev Watson King (1838), formerly Vicar of Croxton, Lines : died 8 February 
at Tunbridge Wells, aged 80. 

Sir Charles Peter Layard K.C.M.G. : died 17 July in London, aged 86 (see 
Eagle XVIII, 78). 

Stephen Martin Leake (1848), Barrister-at Law, author of The Law of 
Contract : died 7 March at Maskelles, Ware, aged 66 (see Eagle xvii, 

Rev George Wyld Lees (1873), Vicar of Clifford, Yorks, and Secretary of 
the C.E.T.S. for Sheffield District : died 20 June, aged 42. 

William Leyeester, Barrister-at-Law, Chief of the Times Parliamentary 
Staff : died 22 December at Brixton, aged 68. 

Rev Francis George Lys (1858), Vicar of Eaton : died 21 November at 
Eaton Vicarage, aged 59. 

Edmund Lee Main (1874) : died 14 April at South Hampstead. 

Arthur Milnes Marshall f 1874) M.D., F.R.S., formerly Fellow, Professor of 
Zoology at Owens College, Manchester : killed 31 December on Scawfell, 
aged 41 (see Eagle xviii, 197). 

Very Rev Charles Merivale (1830) D.D., formerly Fellow and Tutor, Dean of 
Ely : died 27 December at Ely, aged 85 (see Eagle xviii, 183). 

Rev James Moore (1873), Curate of Pennington : died 23 July at Folkestone, 
aged 44. 

John Alldin Moore (1840) : died 30 May at Hampstead, aged 74. 
Charles Mortlock (1846) : died April in London, aged 72. 

2o8 Obituary. 

Rer William Ordc Newnham (1847), Rector of Weston Patrick, Hants r 
died 5 October, aged 68. 

Rev Thomas Overton (1828), formerly Fellow, Rector of Black Notley, 
Essex : died 14 December at Black Notley, aged 89. 

Charles Alexander Maclean Pond (1887), Fellow, Professor of Classics at 
Auckland : died 28 October at Auckland, N.Z., aged 29 (see Ea^le 
XVIII, 72). 

Rev Charles Pritchard (1830) D.D. Oxford, Honorary Fellow, Savilian Pro- 
fessor of Astronomy, Oxford : died 28 May, aged 85 (see Eagle xvix, 

Rev John Richards (1835), for 25 years Head-master of Bradford Grammar 
School : died 18 May at Wood View Terrace, Manningham, aged 81 (see 
Eagle xvii, 671), 

Rev George Crabb Rolfe (1834), Vicar of Hailey, Witney : died 5 August , 
aged 81. 

Rev William Sandford (1851), late Vicar of Bicton, Shropshire: died 18 
October at Port Hill, Shrewsbury, aged 66. 

John Bagot Scriven (1861) : died 28 August at Dover, aged 53. 

Rev James Slade (1842), Vicar of Little Lever: died 3 February', aged 73. 

Rev Hugh William Smith (1835), Vicar of Biddlesden: died 20 March at 
Brackley, aged 81. 

Richard Prowde Smith (1865), formerly Master at Cheltenham College : died 
1 1 March at Whittonstall, aged 49. 

William Sparling (1837), Barrister-at-Law : died 22 November at Floriana, 
Powis Square, London, aged 79. 

William Stuart of Tempsford Hall, Sandy, formerly M.P. for Bedford, 
1854—7 and 1858 — 68, Barrister-at-Law, Chairman of Beds Quarter 
Sessions: died 21 December, at Menabilly, aged 68. 

Rev. James Shewring Swift (1853), Vicar of Thorpe- Arnold, Leicestershire : 
died 20 November at Thorpe-Arnold. 

Rev Ralph Raisbeck Tatham (1844), 45 y^^rs Rector of Dallington, 
Prebendary of Chichester: died I October at St Leonard's, aged 71 
(see Eagle xviii, 81). 

Rev George Turner Tatham (1856), Vicar of Leek, Kirkby Lonsdale: died 
17 December at Leek Vicarage, aged 61. 

Rev Robert Loftus Tottenham (1831), formerly Chaplain of Holy Trinity, 
Florence : died 5 February at Villa Santa Marghenta, Florence, aged 83. 

Rev Arthur Towsey (1872), Head-Master of Emmanuel School, Wandsworth 
Common : died 20 November, aged 42. 

Frederick Charles Wace (1858), formerly Fellow and Lecturer, ex-Mayor of 
Cambridge : died 25 January, aged 56 (see Eagle xvii, 554). 

Richard Walmesly (1839) : died 26 May at Lucknam, aged 76. 

Rev John Spicer Wood (1846) D.D., formerly Fellow, Tutor, and President, 
Rector of Marston Morteyne: died 23 February, aged 69 (sec Eagle 
XVJI, 654), 

Lenf Term 1894. 

Our roll of Honorary Fellows, made poorer of late by the 
deaths of Professor Adams, Professor Pritchard, and Dean 
Merivale, has received this term two distinguished additions : 

(i) The Right Reverend Charles John Ellicott D.D., Bishop 
of Gloucester and Bristol, formerly Hulsean Lecturer, Hulsean 
Professor of Divinity, and one of the Divinity Professors at 
King's College, London ; Chairman of the New Testament 
Revision Committee f author of a Grammatical and Critical 
Commentary on St PauVs Epistles (1854 — 1887), a treatise on 
the Revised Version of the New Testament, and many other 
i%orks ; and 

(2) The Reverend Joseph Bickersteth Mayor M.A.. formerly 
Tutor of the College, and Emeritus Professor of Classical 
Literature and of Moral Philosophy at King's College, London ; 
author of an edition of Cicero de Natura Deorum, in three 
volumes (1880—1885), a Commentary on the Epistle of St James 
1 1892), and other works. Mr Mayor, who is a younger brother 
of our Professor of Latin, was second in the First Class in the 
year in which Lightfoot was Senior Classic (1851). He was 
Editor of the Classical Review for the first seven years of its 
existence (1887 — 1893). He received the honorary, degree of 
Litt.D. on the occasion of the Tercentenary of the University 
of Dublin. 

Mr E. E. Sikes (First Class Classical Tripos 1889 — 1890), 
Fellow and Assistant- Lecturer of the College, has been ap- 
pointed a College Lecturer in Classics in the room of the late 
Mr Haskins. 

Ds Francis H. Fearon (B.A. and LL.B. 1891), has been ap- 
pointed a member of the Board of Education in the Gold Coast 
Colony, West Africa. 

Dr J. McKeen Cattell, Fellow-commoner of the College, has 
been appointed Editor of the Psychulogical Review; and Dr 
Livingston Farrand, also a Fellow-commoner, Instructor in 
Physiological Psychology in Columbia College, New York. 

Mr P. T. Main, Superintendent of the College Laboratory, 
having resigned his place on the College Council, Mr Graves 
was on March 5 elected in his stead. 


2IO Our Chronicle. 

Ds J. T. Hewitt (First Class Natural Sciences Tripos i^t<^ 
— 1890, D.Sc. London), formerly Scholar, and Hutchinson 
Student, has been appointed Professor of Chemistry at the 
People's Palace, London. 

Ds J.E.Purvis (B.A. 1893), has been appointed Assistant 
to the Professor of Chemistry (Professor Liveing). 

Ds W. L. Brown (First Class Natural Sciences Tripos i8gi 
—1892) has been elected for research in Physiology to the 
Hutchinson Studentship vacated by Mr E. VV. MacBride on his 
election to a Fellowship. 

Ds R. Sheepshanks (First Class Classical Tripos 1893), Bell 
Scholar, has been elected to a MacMahon Law Studentship. 

Ds J. Lupton (First Class Classical Tripos 1891 — 1892), and 
Ds J. H. B. Masterman (First Class Historical Tripos 1893), 
formerly an Editor of the EagUy have been elected to Naden 
Divinity Studentships. 

The College has presented the Rev Dr William Hart (B.A. 
1867), Head-master of Heversham Grammar School, to the 
Rectory of Black Notley, Essex, vacant by the death of the Rev 
T. Overton B.D., who had held the benefice since 1856. 

A stained glass window has been placed in Staplehurst Church 
to the memory of Dr Reyner, well known in the College as a Senior 
Fellow and the Senior Bursar for many years ending 1877, and 
subsequently for 16 years Rector of Staplehurst. The window, 
which is in the nave on the north side of the Church and close 
to the pulpit, consists of two lights and contains figures of St 
Luke and St John. The cost, over / 70, was defrayed by the 
subscriptions of the parishioners and College friends of Dr 
Reyner. A service of dedication was held in the church on 
Monday evening, January 8. Notwithstanding the severity of 
the weather a very considerable congregation assembled to 
testify their respect to the late Rector. A sermon was preached 
by Dr Watson from i Chron. xxix. 14, 15 ; and appropriate 
prayers and collects were said by the present Rector, the Rev 
J. S. Chamberlain, standing along with the choir in front of the 
window. The window is by Kempe, and is much admired, the 
colours being subdued and blending well together. Professor 
Mayor supplied a suitable Latin inscription. 

More than one generation of Johnians will be gratified by 
the news that the Missionary Bishopric of North Japan has been 
offered to the Rev H. T. E. Barlow (B.A. 1885), formerly Naden 
Divinity Student of the College and Jeremie Prizeman of the 
University, who last year became curate-in-charge of Working- 
ton, Yorks. Unfortunately Mr Barlow is not able at present 
definitely to accept the appointment, as there is some uncertainty 
about his health. He has been advised to take two months for 

Our Chronicle. 1 1 1 

further consideration. Mr Barlow is the son of the Vicar of 
Islington, one of the first Editors of the Eagle, whose Chronicle 
has again and again recorded with gratitude the son*s loyal 
services to the L.M.B.C. and to the College in general. 

Dr Sandys and Dr D. MacA lister, Tutors of the College, 
were in February elected members of the Athenaeum Club, 
London. Dr Sandys was elected by the Committee under the 
rule empowering them to elect in each year not more than nine 
persons of distinguished eminence in science, literature, the 
arts, or the public service. Dr MacAlister was elected by the 

On Tuesday, February 27, the Empress Frederick of 
Germany visited the College, and was shown over the Hall, 
Combination-rooms, and Library by the Master and Fellows. 
The undergraduates, in academical dress, assembled in the 
Second Court, and raised three hearty cheers as Her Majesty 
emerged from the Library staircase. The greeting was ob- 
viously appreciated by the Empress, who drove off from the 
front of the New Court on her way to Girton. 

The Rev W. S. Picken (B.A. 1885, M.A. 1889), curate of 
Trewen, Launcester, has been appointed Head-master of the 
British School at Oporto. 

Mr M. Rafique (B.A. 1883) has been appointed to the 
Additional Civil Judgeship of Lucknow. 

MrN. M. Captain of the Inner Temple has been admitted to 
the Bar. 

The Seatonian Prize for 1893 has been awarded to the Rev 
Gage Earle Freeman (B.A. 1846). This is the third time Mr 
Freeman has been successful in the competition. The subject 
of the sacred poem for which the prize was given is Damascus, 

At the annual general meeting of the members of Univer- 
sity College, London, held on 28 February, Professor H. S. 
Foxwell was re-elected a Member of the Council, Dr William 
Garnett was admitted a Life-Governor of the College, and 
Mr H. H. S. Cunynghame was elected an Auditor. 

The Prince Consort Prize for a dissertation on an historical 
subject has been awarded to Ds L. B. Radford (B.A. 1890), and 
the adjudicators have recommended the dissertation for pub- 

A. J. Chotzner, Scholar of the College, W2i^ proxime accessil for 
the Chancellor's Medal for English verse. The subject this 
year was The English Lakes, 

The re-construction of the College Kitchen and outbuildings 
in the back lane has now been completed. The result is highly 
satisfactory, and reflects much credit on the Steward, Mr Bateson, 
and the architect, Mr Boyes. A roof of iron and glass arches 
over the lane in the space between the Kitchen and the offices. 

212 Our Chronicle. 

and a new wall has been built between our territor}' and the 
precinct of Trinity College Chapel. 

A handsomely framed permanent photograph of Haydon's 
last portrait of Wordsworth has been presented to the College, 
through Dr Sandys, by Miss Nicholson of Ashleigh, Ventnor, 
two of whose nephews, the Rev E. A. Stuart and Mr C. M. 
Stuart, have been on the foundation of the College, and whose 
father, Mr Cornelius Nicholson, was the first owner of the 
portrait. The original is No xxiv of the Portraits of Words- 
worth described in Professor Knight's Wordsworlhiana, On the 
back of the portrait the artist wrote the date (1842), with a 
quotation from Wordsworth : — * High is our calling, friend/ 
In writing to the artist in 1 846 the poet said, * I myself think 
that it is the best likeness — that is, the most characteristic, that 
has been done of me.' It was this picture that inspired the 
following sonnet by Mrs Elizabeth Barrett Browning, the last 
two lines of which appear to reflect on the portrait by Pickersgill, 
the 'faithful portrait' of Wordsworth's own sonnet, in our 
College Hall : 

Wordsworth upon Helvellyn ! Let the cloud 

Ebb audibly along the mountain-wind. 

Then break against the rock, and show behind 

The lowland valleys floating up to crbwd 

The sense with beauty. He^ with forehead bowed 

And humble-lidded eyes, as one inclined 

Before the sovran thought of his own mind, 

And very meek with inspirations proud, 

Takes here his rightful place as poet-priest 

By the high altar, singing praise and prayer 

To the higher Heavens. A noble vision free 

Our Haydon's hand hath flung from out the mist ! 

No portrait this, with Academic air — 

This is the Poet and his Poetr}'. 

The following pictures have been added to the collection in 
the smaller Combination-room : — 

( 1 ) A small line engraving of " William Bill D,D, Bom at 
AshwelU Hertfordshire^ Educated at St JohrCs College^ Cambridge^ 
elected Fellow 1523; Greek Professor of the University of Cambridge 
1542 ; Master 0/ St fohn's College 1 546, and Trinity College 1551; 
Provost of Eton and Dean of Westminster 1560. Died 15 fu/y 
1 56 1. Buried in Westminster Abbey. From a brass on his monument 
in Westminster Abbey, London^ Published 31 December 1822 by 
G. P. Harding, 1 8 Hercules Bui/dings^ Lambeth. Drawn by G. P. 
Harding. Engraved by Robt. Graved 

(2) A ismall engraving of " Richard Neile, D.D. Bom in 
King Street f Westminster ; Educated at Westminster ; Fellow of St 
fohris College^ Cambridge; Dean of Westminster 1605, Bishop of 
Rochester 1608, Lichfidd and Coventry 1610, Lincoln 1613 — 14, 
Durham 1617, Winchester 1627, Archbishop of York 1631. Died 
31 October 1640. Aged 78. Buried at York. From the original 
picture at Stfohns College, Cambridge. London, Published t April 

Our Chronicle, 1 13 

1822 by G. P, Harding, 18 Hercules Buildings^ Lambeth, Drawn 
by G. P, Harding, Engraved by T, Snmjor 
The above were presented by the President. 

(3) A mezzotint engraving inscribed ** To the Very Rev, the 
Master, the Fellows, and Scholars of St John*s College, Cambfidge, 
this portrait of SiR John Frederic William Herschel M A. 
F.R.S.L,andE, M.R.I.A, F.R.A,S, M,G,S, &c, &c,, and late 
FelloTV of their Ancient and Religious Foundation, is respectfully 
dedicated by the Publishers, Published 1835. H, W. Picket s- 
giil Esq R,A,f pinxt, Wm, Ward, sculpt., engraver to His 

Presented by Mrs Adams. 

The father of the late Mr H. D. Darbishire has generously 
presented to the College Library about 150 of his son's books. 
Of this number about two-thirds are on subjects connected 
with Comparative Philology ; the remainder consist of editions 
of .Greek and Latin authors and books of reference hitherto 
not comprised in the Library. The books will be kept together 
and will be distinguished by a special book-plate. The arrange- 
ments for another memorial ^^f Mr Darbishire are in progress. 
It is proposed to publish his philological papers in a collected 
form ; and the Cambridge Philological Society has granted a 
sum not exceeding / 30 for the purpose of printing such of his 
papers as have not yet been published. 

The following letter from Canon Kynaston will explain 
itself: Durham, • 

Dear Sirs, Dec 18, 1893. 

You have done me too much honour on p. 80 of ihe 
December number of the Eagle. I was not a " Cricket Blue '* : 
my only Cambridge experience of that branch of Athletics was 
gained by playing in a match— Lady Margaret 1st Boat v, 
jst Trinity ist Boat — in which I had the honour of stumping 
out the Trinity coxswain (who was a Cricket Blue, and also 
steered the 'Varsity Ei^ht in 1856), •'Billy" Wingfield, when 
he, after making some 80 runs, took unwarrantable liberties 
with our coxswain's bowling. 

Yours faithfully, 

H. Kynaston. 

Among the volumes bequeathed to the College Library by 
the late Professor Adams is a set of the Indices to the Townland 
Survey of Ireland. The Surveys of both Kerry and Tipperary 
were originally wanting, and being out of print could not be 
supplied, but Kerry has since been presented by Mr Heitland ; 
only Tipperary is consequently now wanted. 

The proposals of the Council of the Senate for the 
recognition of Post-praduate Study, by the creation of the two 
new degrees of Litt.B. and Sc.B., have already produced some 

214 Our Chronicle. 

excellent literature, grave and gay. The Cambridge Review of 
February 22nd contained an article on the question by Mr 
Heitland, another in humorous dress signed H. R. T., and 
some sparkling verses over another familiar triad of initials. 
These we subjoin for the amusement of our non-resident 


Ye men of Rumtifoo, 

Matabele, Turk, Sioux, 
Ye scholars of Vienna and ye students of Lucerne, 

All you who've won degrees 

Anywhere beyond the seas, 
Walk up, walk up to Cambridge ! Come and give our show a turn I 

We are, we beg to state. 

Nothing if not up to date ; 
We've most extensive premises; we're cheapening our wares; 

See our new Spring season goods! 

See our brand new stock of hoods ! 
Come in, come in, and try them on! Come in and walk upstairs. 

And come, ye dainty maids 

From Columbia's learnt glades, 
Ye scientific spinsters, and ye literary dames! 

Come, come, ye stockings blue! 

From China, from Peru, 
And buy our magic letters to improve your pretty names! 

Come, and civilise our deans 
With sweet idyllic scenes 
Of Bachelor researching hand in hand with cultured maid 
For every youthful don 
• Will be wild to try it on 
And to sport mth Amaryllis B.Sc. beneath the shade. 

Not laborious the task; 

'Tis but small the price we ask ; 
And think what an advertisement the whole affair will be ! 

Try the new machine we've got ! 

Put a thesis in the slot ! 
(The right hand slot for Letters, and the left for B.Sc.) 

Then come, ye leamM, please 

Come and try our new degrees! 
If you be "made in Germany," the more you're up to date; 

White, and black, and blue, and green, » 

Come and try our new machine. 
Till Culture*s crown of Culture be a Cambridge graduate. 

R. H. F. 

In a paper read before the Cambridge Antiquarian Society on 
28 February, on A Commonplace-book kept by John Duckworth of 
St John's College about 1670, Mr G. C. M. Smith stated— 

The MS book is the property of Sir Dyce Duckworth, who bought it 
from a Birmingham bookseller. 

It is the commonplace book of John Duckworth, Undergraduate of St 
John's, admitted to the College 24th March 1670 (our reckoning), B.A. 
1673, M.A. 1677. The book is dated *• John Duckworth, his booke, 1670." 
It is chiefly interesting as throwing some fresh light on University studies of 
the 17th century. 

Our Chronicle, 215 

The autbor is described in the Admissions of St John's College as " of 
Haslingden, Lancashire, son of James Duckworth, yeoman ; bred in Black- 
bum under Mr. Sagar." However this book contains a Latin letter 
addressed by him apparently to the Master, in which, applying for a Somerset 
Scholarship, he claims to have been educated for four years, "more or less," 
at the Manchester Grammar School. He was not elected to a Somerset 
Scholarship. This book also contains a copy of his supplicat for his degree. 
Baines* Lancashire shows that after leaving Cambridge he was incumbent of 
bis native place, Haslingden, from 1680 to his death at the age of 44 in 1695. 

The book testifies to the use at Cambridge of three authors particularly. 

(I) Tbeophilus Golius — (2) Bishop Robert Sanderson — and (3) Eustachius 
& Sancto Paulo. 

1. Duckwoith begins one end of his book with an epitome of Theophilus 
Golius* compendium of At istotle's Ethics. 

This work was used by Sir S. D'Ewes when at John's in 1618, and by 
John Gibson in 1667. 

2. Then foUow Annotationes Sandersoni, in other words an abstract of 
Bishop Robeit Sanderson's treatise De juramenti promissorii ohligatione 
PmUctiones vii. Lond. 1647, a work said to have been translated into Eng- 
lish by King Charles I. This is followed by De Ohligatione Conscientia 
PraUctiones decern^ that is to sav, an abstract of another of Bishop Sander- 
son's works, printed along with the treatise on the oath in the edition of 1670. 
It is interesting to observe that 40 years later these works of Sanderson 
were still studied at Cambridge. Ambrose Bonwicke, in his second year at 
St John's (1 7U), had read over « Sanderson de Ohligatione Jur, &* Consc* 

7. Duckworth heads a philosophical epitome merely, £u, Eth.^ and it 
was only after some trouble that I found that this epitome was derived from 
the Ethics of Eustachius ^ Sancto Paulo, of which editions were published 
at Cambridge in 1654 and 1707. 

Ambrose Bonwicke, when at St John's in 1710-11, read and epitomised 
this book exactly as Duckworth had done 40 years before. 

Mr Smith gave evidence to show the great vogue enjoyed by 
Eustachius in the Universities of the 17 th century, and in 
particular at Cambridge ; and pointed out how little was known 
of the man himself, his name not appearing even in the 
Biographic UniverstlU, 

The Preachers in the College Chapel during the Lent Term 
have been Mr J. T. Ward, Tutor ; Professor Mayor ; Mr A. F. 
Torry, Rector of Marston Mortaine, formerly Junior Dean ; and 
Mr H. T. E. Barlow, Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of 
Carlisle, formerly Naden Divinity Student. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

Name, B.A, From To he 

Browne, A. Y., M.A. (1882) Chaplain at Bombay Chaplain at Aden 
Moody, W. J., M. A. (1889) C. St George R. St Saviour's, 

Channer, E. C. M.A. (1871) V. Desborough V. Ravensthorpc, 

Harvey, W. J., M.A. (1881) C. Gt. Amwell, Ware V. of the same. 
Askey, A. H., M.A. (1884) V. of Holton-le-Clay V. Ilolton le-Clay and 

R. Btigsley, Lincoln 
Sirakin,T. L. V.,M A. (1882) C. Cavendish, Suffolk V. Bulmer, Sudbury 
Barnes, W. L., M.A. (1834) R. Rnapton, Norfolk R. Barford St Martin, 

Bonsey, W., M.A. (1867) V. Lancaster R. D. of Lancaster 

2i6 Our Chro7iicle. 

Name. B.A, From To hi 

Coxwell Rogers, R. (1868) C. Dowdcswcll, Glou- R. of the same 

Mav, J. P. (1885) C. Andover P.C.Lockerlev.Hants. 

Quirk,Canon J.NmM.A. (1873) V. St Mary, Beverley, V. St Paul's, Walworth 
Buckler, J.F., M.A. (1868) R. Bidston, Cheshire Dioc. Inspector, Chester 
Scott, A. C, M.A., (1883) C. St John, Norwood V. Hcadcom, Kent 
Square, C, M.A. (1881) C. Kenn, Devon. R. St Dominick, Corn- 

Cooke, F. (1870) C. Clungunford R. Westbury, Hereford 

Wilson, J., M.A. (1875) Chaplain Hants In- Chaplain at Smyrna. 

Stoddart, C. J., M.A. (1868) C. Askern V. Ottringham, Hall 

Holmes, B. E., M.A. (1882) R. Holy Trin., King R. D. of King Wil- 

Williamstown,S.A. liamstown 
Collins, J. A. W. (1856) V. Hill Farrance V. Newton St. Cyres, 

Pearson, J. B., Rt. (1864) Late Bishop of New- V. Leek, Kirkby 

Rev., D.D. castle, N.S.W. Lonsdale 

Barton, H. C. M., M.A. (1873) C. St. Margaret, Lee St John. Barley Villa, 

Fde, W. Moore, M.A. (1871) V. Gateshead Hon. Canon, Durham 

Hart, W., LL.D. (1866) H. Master Heversham R. Black NoUey, Essex 

Grammar School 
McCormick, J. (D.D., (1857) V. of H. Trin., Hull V. St Augustine's, 

Dublin) Highbury 

Metcalfe, R. W. (1873) V. Ravenstonedale, St Aidan, Newbiggin 

Moore, C. (1872) C. Dewsbury Chaplam R.N. 

Two members of the College have been moved recently 
from East Yorkshire to London. Canon McCormick, after 
years at the central parish of Hull (whose Church, Holy 
Trinity, is one of the three largest Parish Churches in England), 
has been appointed successor to a much-esteemed preacher and 
writer, Mr Gordon Calthrop, at St Augustine's, Highbury, N. 
Canon Quirk leaves the noble Parish Church of St Mary at 
Beverley for work in South London, in Walworth, in fact, and 
at the very Vicarage where some members of our original 
Mission Committee met the representatives of the Bishop in 
order to be shewn the locality proposed for the Mission. 

Mr Moore Ede has received an acknowledgment from his 
Diocese at the same time that a most appreciative account of 
himself and his work has appeared in Church Bells (Feb. 23). 

Bishop Pearson, formerly Fellow, has resumed active work 
by accepting the Vicarage of Leek, near Kirkby Lonsdale, where 
he will have his old friend, Mr Llewellyn Davies, as a neighbour. 

Mr Moore's appointment as Chaplain in the Royal Navy may 
serve to call the attention of Mathematical men to these Chap- 
laincies. The Chaplain of the Fleet is prepared to accept, 
at any time, the names of Universitymen to place in his list. 
He insists, however, on two years of work as curate in a large 
parish before he will make any appointment. As it is usual, 
though not essential, to attach a Naval Instructorship to a 

Our Chronicle. 


Chaplaincy, there is a special advantage for Mathematical 
men who have taken at least a Senior Optime Degree. Mr 
Moore did this in 1892, and has since been serving under 
Canon Lowther Clarke at Dewsbury. His name is now gazetted, 
and he will receive an early appointment. 

We regret to record that the Rev C. W. M. Boutflower 
(B.A. 1841), Vicar of Dundry, Somerset, 1855 — 1884, died at 
Clifton on January 14, and the Rev A. M. Hoare (B.A. 1846), 
late Fellow of the College, Rector of Fawlcy, Hants, since 
1863, died at Fawley on February 26. 

The following members of the College were ordained deacons 
at the Advent Ordinations, 1893 : 

King, H. A. 
GiTcn- Wilson, F. G. 
Smith, P. G. 
Hutton, W. B. 
Simpson, £. L. 
Ncwbcry, F. C. 
Smith, G. H. 
Ma&on, H. £. 
HuDtlcy, A. H. 
Fisher, R. 
Masterman, J. H. B. 


At the Lent Ordinations, 1894: 

Way, C. P. 
Boden, A. £. 


St Mark, Regent Park 
St Jo'hn, Waterloo Road. 
St Peter, Birkdale 
St Luke, Liverpool 
St John, Peterborough 
Thnixton, Hereford 
Christ Church, Wakefield 
St Sepulchre, Cambridge 

St Peter, Wolverhampton 

After graduating, Mr Given-Wilson and Mr King studied at 
the Cambridge Clergy School, Mr Simpson at Ridley Hall. Mr 
Fisher at King's College. London, and Leeds Clergy School, 
Mr Newbery at Ely Theological School, and Mr Way at Wells. 

Dr Taylor, our Master, has been appointed an Elector to the 
Professorship of Arabic ; Dr D. MacAlister an Elector to the 
Downing Professorship of Medicine ; Dr L. E. Shore an Ex- 
aminer in Physiology for the Natural Sciences Tripos; Mr 
H. R. Tottenham an Examiner for the Previous Examination ; 
Mr G. C. M. Smith an Examiner for the Additional Subjects 
and the Modern Languages Special ; Professor Gwatkin an 
Examiner for the Lightfoot Scholarship; Dr Garrett an Ex- 
aminer for the Stewart and Rannoch Scholarships; Mr J. R. 
Tanner an Examiner for the Members' English Essay Prize; 
Mr H. W. Moss an Examiner for the Members' Latin Essay 
Prize ; and Dr D. MacAlister a member of the General Board 
of Studies. 

Dr J. B. Bradbury, our Linacre Lecturer of Physic, has been 
appointed Downing Professor of Medicine, in succession to 
Dr P. W. Latham. 



2i8 Our Chronicle. 

The following books by members of the College are announced? 
Sixty years* experience as an Irish Landlord^ memoirs of John 
Hamilton D.L. (Digby, Long & Co.) ; Last words on the Junius 
Question (Longmans), by H. R. Francis, formerly Fellow; 
Modem Plane Geometry (Macmillan), by the Rev G. Richardson, 
formerly Fellow, and A. S. Ramsey ; Cicero pro Murena (Mac- 
millan), by J. H. Freese, formerly Fellow ; Hydrostatics (Mac- 
millan), by Professor A. G. Greenhill, formerly Fellow ; Geo- 
metrical Conies, part II. (Macmillan), by J. J. Milne and R. F. 
Davis ; The Real Presence, with other Essays (privately printed), 
by the Rev W. A. Whitworth, formerly Fellow. 


Spring at Cambkidob. 
Haste, lovely Spring! thy fairy train, 

Those earliest signs of thy fetuming. 
The little aconites again 

Their yellow lamps have set a-buming. 

Come, weave thy dainty mists of green 

About our branches interlacing. 
Bring crocuses of golden sheen, 

Or white with amethystine tracing. 

Of royal hue or virgin white 

Let not the fairy snowdrop linger, 
(Her drooping chalice, airy-light. 

Green- scrolled by some mysterious finger). 

Spread broideries of freshest hue 

O'er casement, wall and buttress hoary, 

Yon cherished •Wilderness* bestrew 
With daffodils in all their glory. 

Let sheets ot blue-bells light its shades. 

Their swaying ranks in careless order. 
Bid primrose-tufts adorn its glades 

Or nestle by the streamlet*s border. 

Shine forth, O beauty! from that home 
Where, fair beyond all mortal seeming. 

Thou dwellest ever! Hither come 

Awake our world from winter dreaming. K. M. F. 

Cambridge Chronicle : February 9, 1894. 

The genealogist and the antiquary will, we trust, prove grateful for the 
publication of Professor Mayor's laborious transcript Admissions to St John's 
College^ Cambridge, January 1629-30 to July 1665 (Cambridge: Deighton, 

Bell, & Co.), with full index of names, places, trades, or callings, and 

other useful appendixes. In the preface Professor Mayor notes some of the 
points of interest revealed by the register, and gently chides his " learned and 
painful friend," Dr Grosart, for assuming that he was ignorant of the existence 
of any evidence that Herrick was entered at St John's College. He knew 
all about it, in fact, as long ago as 1854, and is under the impression that he 
acquainted Dr Grosart with what there was to be known, " cither directly, or 
through Mr Aldis Wright," before Dr Grosart's edition of Herrick appeared. 
If Wood claimed the poet for Oxford, and Thomas Baker made no protest, 
Dr Bliss gave him back to Cambridge, on the strength of the letters of 
Herrick cited by Dr Grosart. It is odd that Baker does not record the fact 
that Herrick was a Johnian, and it is clear that many persons knew, or 
ought to have known it. Satutday Review: 16 September 1893. 

Our Chronicle. 


I would plead also for the needs of the Unirersity and Colleges, and of 
the Church. Why should Benedictines and Jesuits be more loyal to their 
foundations than we who inherit traditions of freedom ? If each of us adopted 
some one Cambridge worthy, and collected his works and investigated his 
history for preservation in our libraries, we should add a new interest to our 
lives and new glories to our annals. I gratefully acknowledge the services of 
our College magazine in this direction. 

Pro/essar Mayor: 'Ready to Distribute,' a Sermon preached in 

St John's College Chapel on the ist Sunday in Lent 1894, p. 17* 

Jan. 1620, Sir Robert Heath, St John's College, became Solicitor-General.. 
The Orator complimented him and the country on his just promotion, and 
begged him " not to forget the University." 

Life of George Herbert (S.P.C.K.) 1893, page 73. 

There are ancient elms in the grounds of St John's College under whose 
shade he might have rested ib. page 52.. 

Medical Examinations. Dkcembbr 1893. 

FitST M.B. 

Chemistry, ^c. 

Morgan, D. J» 

Ds Perkins 

Taylor, E. C* 


Second M.B. 


Ds Leathes 

Ds Reid 

Sumner, F. W. 

Ds Villy 

Ds Williamson 

Anatomy, ^c. 

Ds Barton, P. F. 

Ds Brown, W. L, 


Third M.B. 

Horton-Smith, R.J, 
Ds Lord, C. C. 
Ds Villy 

Surgery, dr'c. 

Ds Cameron, J. A. 
Ds Goodman, H. C. 

Ds Seccombe 

Medicine, ^c. 

Ds Cuff 
Mag Henry 

DsLees, B,H. 
Mag Parry 

Entrance Scholarships and Exhibitions, December i89j» 

Foundation Scholarships of £%q : 

K. C. Browning, Dulwich College (for Natural Science). 
T. C. Tobin, Liverpool College (for Mathematics). 

Foundation Scholarships of £']o: 

R. F. Pearce, Durham School (for Classics), 

G. D. Frater, Merchant Taylors' School (for Mathematics). 

Foundation Scholarships of £^0 : 

H. M. Alder, City of London School (for Classics). 
E. R. Clarke, Tonbridge School (lor Natural Science). 
R. J. Whitaker, Rugby School (for Mathematics). 

Minor Scholarships of £so : 

W. F. Clarke, Bedford Grammar School (for Classics). 
O. F. Diver, Winchester College (for Mathematics). 
G. E. lies, Pocklington School (for Hebrew). 
K. B. Williamson, St Paul's School (for Natural Science). 


Our Chronicle^ 

Exhibitions : 

O. T. Locke, Queen's College, Belfast (for Mathematics). 
A. A, Robb, Queen's College, Belfast (for Natural Science). 
A. Wright, Aberdeen University (for Classics). 
A. J. Campbell, Fettes College (for Classics). 
J. W. Dyson, Wellingborough School (for Mathematics). 
K. F. C. Ward, Epsom College (for Natural Science). 
J. A. Glover, St PauPs School (for Natural Science). 
J. H. Blandford, The Owens College (for Mathematics). 
G. D. McCormick, Exeter School (for Natural Science). 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

First Captain — S. B. Reid. Second Captain-^A. P. Cameron. Ifon. 
Secretary— W. H. Bonsey. Hon. 7reas.—A. G. BuUer. First Lent 
Captain— K. P. Hadland. Second Lent Captaifp—F, A. Rose. Third Lent 
Captain --Z, G. Leftwich. 

The two Lent Boats were constituted as follows : 

First Boat. 

St. lbs. 

^owC. F. Hare lo o 

2 A. C. Scoular lo 13 

R. R. Cummings .... 10 7 
J. G. McCormick .... 12 6 

F. Lydall 12 11 

J. B. Killcy II 7 

E. C.Taylor 10 

Stroke R. Y. Bonsey . . . 
CoxG F. Cooke 

12 7 

8 13 

Coach— S. B Reid. 

Second Boat, 


Bowli.S.Y\XX 10 

2 A. J. Chotzner ii 

E. H. Lloyd- Jones .. 9 

C. C. Ellis 10 

G. G Baily 10 

W. P. Boas 12 

V. M. Smith II 

Stroke H. Bentley 1 1 

Cox J. D. Davies 8 

Coach— Vf. H. Bonsey. 








We append an account of each da/s proceedings. 

Feb, 21. The Second Boat started third in the Second 
Division, and, getting a good start, gained on Emmanuel ; but 
40 seemed too fast for them, and the Emmanuel Boat drew 
away, while First Trinity III came on and got within half-a- 
Icngth at the Railway Bridge, but failed to catch our men. 

The First Boat started fifth in the First Division, but were 
bumped by Caius I at Ditton. 

^ Feb. 22. The Second Boat rowed over again, not being 
pressed by Trinity, who were bumped at Ditton by Pembroke III. 

The First Boat started with Corpus behind them, and going 
off at a slow stroke gained at first on Caius; Stroke caught 
his oar on the wash and missed two strokes, but the boat soon 
picked it up again and kept their place till Two hit the wash, 
and in recovering his oar it slipped from his hands. Corpus 
then came on and our men were bumped just as they had 
passed Post Corner. 

Feb. 23. The riggers of both boats were now strung to pre- 
vent the possibility of men losing their oars. Fortunately no 
mishaps occurred in that way again. Pembroke HI came on 
from the first, and our men were bumped at Ditton. 

The First Boat, after a hard race, were bumped by 
Pembroke II at the Railway Bridge. 

Our Chronicle. 221 

Feb. 24. The Second Boat again rowed over with First 
Trinity III behind them, but the latter did not get within a 

The First Boat rowed over with First Trinity II behind 
them, and though Trinity was within three-quarters of a length 
at Ditton they failed to catch our men, who rowed better this 
night than any other. 

Firsf Boat, 

Bow — Rashes after his hands, and hangs over the stretcher. Works fairly 

Twa — Neat and painstaking. Should try to row his elbows past his side at 

the finish. He was ** unfortunate " in the races. 
TTtree — Form ugly and unorthodox, but a genuine shover. 
Four — Like port, will improve with age. Tried very hard in practice, and 

raced well. 
Five — A very useful man. Rowed hard and in good form ; covers his blade up 

Six — Would row better with his head up. Tried hard, but kept bad time. 
Seven — ^For his weight is a real hard worker. Should cover his blade up, and 

cultivate an easier finish. 
Stroke — ^Raced well, and showed promise. If he can learn to row long, will 

be a very useful man. 
Cox — Steered well, and encouraged his crew. Should certainly take to 

rowing at his weight (14 st.). 

Second Boat, 
The Boat went very well in practice with only one day's 
exception, which all will remember. There was plenty of good 
racing-spirit and dash about the men. They always covered 
their water and let the boat run well. They were hardly good 
enough for their place, and, though they only went down one, 
they only prevented further disaster by some very plucky rowing. 
The style was hardly first-class, but the marked difference 
between their rowing and paddling gave much satisfaction. 
** When you row, let^s have it hard." The First Boat changed 
into the Granta, the Second Boat's ship, on the Monday before 
the races, and the Second Boat men very soon made themselves 
comfortable in the First-Boat ship. They want to be very 
careful of time, as the photograph shows. 

Bow — Has improved since last term. He should think of sitting up well at 

the finish. ** Bow ! Think of sitting up at the finish.*' 
Two — Has rowed much better this year, both in practice and in the races. 

Wants to cover up his blade every stroke. " Two ! Try and get the 

beginning a little harder." 
Three — Worked very hard, though not in very good form. Was rather 

handicapped by his shortness of swing. " Three ! Try and hold it out 

Four — Has rowed very well, though there was a want of freedom in his 

motions, especially at the finish. " Four ! Hands out." 
Five — Rowed very well indeed, but, like Three, has a short swing. Should 

be careful not to go too far back. " Five ! Try and holcl it out a little 


222 Our Chronicle. 

Six — Has improyed very much. He worked very hard in the races. Should 
be careful not to hurry on stroke. ** Six ! be very careful to watch 
the time." 

Seven — Has greatly improved since last year ; is a good worker. " Seven I 
Eyes in the Boat." 

Stroke — Stroked his men very well, though his arms gave him trouble in the 
races. He should remember not to drop between his arms at the begin- 
ning. " Stroke ! Arms straight coming forward." 

The Bateman Pairs were rowed on Friday, March z. The 
following were the winning crew : — 

A. P. Cameron* 
Stk. A. G. Butler 
• Steerer. 

After the Pairs, Scratch Fours were rowed in the Long 
Reach. The following Crew won : — 
j^aw H. S. Fitt 

2 C. F. Hare 

3 W. H. Bonsey 
Stk. A. P. Cameron 
Cox B. A. Percival 

At a meeting held on March 8, the following OflScers were 
elected for the May Term : — 

Ft'rst Captain — A. P. Cameron. Second Captain — A. G. Butler. Sec^ 
retary—^. H. Bonsey. Treasurer—^, P. Hadland. First Lent Captain-- 
F. A. Rose. Second Lent Captain—C, G. Lcftwich. 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

Captain — ^J. J. Robinson. Hon, Sec. — W. Falcon. 

Matches played, 12. Won 7, lost 4, drawn i. Points for, 80; 
Points against, 90. 

Date, Club. Result, Points. 

Oct. 20.... King's Won.... I g. 2 t. to It ii to 3 

„ 23....Selwyn Won.. ..I g. 2 t. to Nil.. .. .11 to o 

>f 25 . . . .Jesus » . . . . Lost ... .Nil to 2 g. 1 1 o to 1 1 

„ 27, ...Clare Lost .. ..Nil to 4g. 3 t o to 29 

Nov. 3. . , .Trinity Lost Nil to 6 g. it o to 33 

„ 6..,. Trinity Hall Won. . ..3 t. to 1 1 9 to 3 

„ 10.... Christ's Draw to It 3 to 3 

9i i3....Caius Won.... 1 1. to Nil 3 to o 

„ 17..,. King's Won....3 g. 1 1. to ig 18 to 5 

„ 24....Trinitv Lost ., ..Nil to 1 1 o to 3 

„ 27..,,St John's, Oxford Won.. ..4 g. to Nil ,.,...2010 o 

Jan. 25 ... . Middlesex Hospital . .Won. ... i g. to Nil $ to a 

On the whole the Rugby Team has had a successful season, 
with the exception of one disastrous week at the beginning of 
the season. The team improved considerably as the term went 
on, and, though we won more than half our matches, we were 
not quite able to make up the points lost in the earlier part of 
the term. 

We congratulate J. J. Robinson on being chosen to play for 
Rest of England v. Yorkshire, and A. E. Elliott upon obtaining 
his 'international' against Scotland. 

Our Chronicle. 223 

The Rugby Nines have been played off this term as usual, 
F. L. Rae's team proving successful. The winning Nine was 
composed as follows : — F. L. Rae, H. H. Brown, A. R. Hutton, 

E. A. Lane, W. S. Sherwen, M. W. Blyth, H. J. Robinson, H. 
Reeve, C. A. M. Evans. 

Association Football Club. 

Captain— Z, O. S. Hatton. Secretary— '&, J. C. Warren. 

Only two matches have been played this term, against Selwyn 
and Pembroke, both of which ended in our favour, the former 
by 2 goals to i and the latter by 3 to i. A match arranged 
against Hitchin fell through owing to bad weather. 

We most heartily congratulate C O. S. Hatton on getting 
his " blue." 

The following form the team : 
y, H. Metcalfe (goal) — Good on his day, but not always safe. Clears well. 

C, O. S. Hatton (back)— A good back ; also served well as centre forward 
during the latter part of the season. 

H, M. St C. Tapper (back)— A fast back, and hard to pass, but his kicking is 
not always reliable. 

W. H, Ashton — ^A safe and hard-working half. Tackling always to be 
depended on. 

F, O. Mundahl — A hard worker, but suffers from lack of pace. Heads well. 

E, H. Vines — ^A neat half, and always passes well to his forwards. Has 

improved considerably this season. 

F, G. CoU (outside right) — A fast and energetic forward, but does not centre 


B. J. C, Warren — ^Passes well, and makes the best use of his pace. Must 
learn to shoot better. 

H, Reeve — A good dribbler, but does not pass enough, and is too slow in 

H. A. Merriman (inside right) — Knows the game thoroughly, and combines 
well with Davies. Would shoot better with more practice. 

H, H, Davies (outside right) — The best forward in the team, but is rather too 
selfish. Shoots well, but should not try to score from the touch-line. 

The Scratch Sixes were won by the following team : — 

H. H. Davies (Capt.J, H. Reeve, J. J. Robinson, E. C. Taylor, 
A. J. K. Thompson, and W. Falcon. 

General Athletic Club. 

President—Mr H. R. Tottenham. Treasurer— ^ir J. J. Lister. C<wf- 
«!////— Mr J. E. Marr, S. B. Raid (L.M.B.C.), C. O. S. Hatton (A.F.C. 
and L.T.C.). G. R K. Winlaw (C.C), J. J. Robinson (R.U.F.C), E. J. 
Kcfford (L.C.C.), H. M. Tapper (A.C.), W. McDougall. 

The annual balance sheet, which was published in the Eagle 
last term, showed a deficit of £\is* This deficit no longer 

224 Our Chronicle. 

In response to an appeal from the Master the following 
donations have been made to the Club : — 

Sir F. S. Powell, Bart 15 15 o 

SirD. A Smith 15 15 o 

Mrs Parkinson (Mrs Cobb) 10 o o 

Dr Hartley lo o o 

Dr Sandys ,., 10 o o 

The Rev Prebendary Moss 10 o o 

The Rev. W. T. Newbold 12 o o 

To this sum the Master has added the handsome donation of 
thirty guineas, thus completing the amount needed to pay the 

The thanks of the Club are due to those who have so liberally 
contributed to free it from its embarrassment. It now remains 
to ourselves to keep the Club in a sound financial condition. 
All should contribute, if possible, to an object in which all 
have a patriotic interest. 

Athletic Club. 

President^H, M. Tapper. Hon. Sec—VT, Falcon. CommitUe—J, J. 
Robinson, C. H. Rivers, C. O. S. Hatton, E. A. Strickland, E. H. Lloyd- 
Jones, C. C. Angell, K. Clarke, H. Reeve, S. B. Reid (Capt. L.M.B.C.), 
G. P. K. Winlaw (Capt. C.C), ex-oficio. 

The Sports took place on February 8th and 9th. The 
weather was fine, though a stiff breeze down the straight proved 
a great inconvenience and no doubt increased the times. The 
most successful competitors were C H. Rivers, G. P. K. Winlaw, 
and A. G. Butler. The best performances perhaps were the 
Weight, in which C. H. Rivers put 35 ft. ijin., and the Long 
Jump, in which H. M. Tapper cleared 20 ft. ijin. 

Ft'rsl Day, 

100 Yards.— First Heat : H. M. Tapper i ; H. Reeve 2. Won by 2 yds. 
Time i x i-5th sec. Second ff<at : A. G. Butler I, G. P. K. Winlaw 2. Won 
by 1} yard. Time xi i-sth sec. 

Putting th4 Weight.'--C, H. Rivers, 35 fl. i) in., i; J. H. Metcalfe, 
29 ft. 9} in., 2. 

120 Yards Handicap.— First Heat: G. P. K. Winlaw, scratch, I ; H. M. 
Tapper, scratch, 2. Won by half-a-yard. Time 13 sec. Second Heat: W. 
Falcon, 3} yds., i ; W. J. Fox, 7 yds. 2. Won by half-a-yard. Time 
13 1.5th sec. Third Heat: A. G. Butler, 2\ yds., i; G. T. Whiteley, 
6 yds., 2. Won by 3 yards. Time 12 3-Sth sec. 

120 Yards Hurdle Race,—W, Raw I ; E. C. Taylor 2. Won by 6 yards. 
Time 21 3-sth sec. 

Long yump.—G. P. K. Winlaw, 19ft. iijin., i; H. M. Tapper, pen. 
6 in., 20 ft. ijin. 

Quarter Mile,— A. G. Butler, pen, 8 yds., I ; G. P. K. Winlaw 2. Won 
by 6 yards. Time 54 2-5 th sec. 

Our Chronicle. 225 

Throwing the Hammer,— Z. H. Rircrs, 77 ft. 10 in., 1. 

Hi^h yrump.-^K. M. Tapper, pen. a in., 5 ft., i ; G. P. K. Winlaw, 
4 ft. 94 in., 2. 

One MiU^-^C H. Rivers i ; C. C. Angell 2 ; C. E. Byles 3. Rivers 
made the pace throughout, and won by 25 yards. Thirty yards separated 
second and third. Time 4 min. 54 i-5th sec. 

Second Day, 

TOO Yards.— Final Heat: G. P. K. Winlaw I ; H. M. Tapper 1. A. G. 
Butler 3. Won by half-a-foot. Time 1 1 2-5th sec. 

Half-Mile Handicap,— Vf , J. Fox, 100 yds., I ; C. H. Rivers, scratch, 3 ; 
C. £. Byles, 40 yds., 3. Seven ran. Won by 12 yards. Three yards between 
second and third. Time 2 min. 2 I -5th sec. 

120 Yards Handicap,— Final Heat: A. G. Butler, 3| yds., i ; G. P. K. 
Winlaw, scratch, 2 ; W. Falcon, 34 yds., 3. Won by 2 feet. Half-a-yard 
between second and third. Time 12 4-5th sec. 

Freshmen's 200 Yards,— E, A. Tyler i ; H. Reeve 2. Won by 2 yards. 
Time 22 sec. 

300 Yards Handicap.— A. G. Butler, 2 yds., I ; G. P. K. Winlaw, scratch, 
2 ; G. T. Whiteley, 12 yds., 3. Won by a yard. Time 34 i-5th sec. 

Half-Mile Boating Handicap.— Z, T. Powell, 60 yds., I ; £. H. Lloyd- 
Jones, 70 yds., 2. Won by 3 yards. Time 2 min. 2 sec. 

Three Miles Handicap.— Z, C. Angell, scratch, I ; A. G. Batler, 50 yds., 
2 ; H. B. Watts, lOO yards, 3. Angell obtained the lead in the early part of 
the sixth lap, and, drawing away, won by 150 yards fiom Butler, who was 
120 yards in front of Watts. Time x6 min. 24 sec. 

200 Yards Handicap (College Servants), — ^J. Collins, scratch, I; G. 
Dockerill, 8 yds., 2. Twelve ran. Won by i yard. Time 24) sec. 

We congratulate Tapper on gaining a Medal in the 'Varsity 
Handicaps with a jump of 2 1 ft. i i in. 

In the 'Varsity Sports C. H. Rivers won the Weight with a 
put of 36 ft. 6 in. and an exhibition put of 37 ft. gi in., and 
Tapper was second in the Long Jump with a distance of 
20ft. 9iin. Rivers has accordingly been made 'first string' in 
his event against Oxford, and Tapper (or Matthews of Corpus) 
'second string' in the Jump. We hope that Tapper will get 
his ' blue,'^ and that both Rivers and he will do great things on 
the day. 

Eagle Lawn Tennis Club. 

President— Ux R. F. Scott. Treasurer— G, P. K. Winlaw. Secretary^ 
W. Falcon. 

At a Meeting held in Lecture Room IV, on February 8. the 
following gentlemen were elected members of the Club : — ^J. H. 
Metcalfe, C. D. Robinson, £. A. Strickland. 

Lacrosse Club. 

Captain— E, J. KefFord. Secretary— Vf , G. Leigh Phillips* 
Lacrosse in St John's is still in a flourishing condition. 
W. Raw has been awarded his colours for the First 'Varsity 


226 Our Chronicle. 

team, and J. D. K. Patch, W. K. Wills, C. A. Palmer and H. L. 
Gregory have gained the like distinction for the Second, 
which has won its way into the Final for the South of England 
Junior Flag Competition, having beaten Surbiton by 9 to love. 

This term the return match with the rest of the 'V^arsity 
resulted ia a win for the College by 4 goals to 3, after a very 
good game. Most of the recruits this season have shewn 
unusual aptitude for the game, and it is to be hoped that next 
season we shall have even more playing members in the two 
•Varsity teams. At present we supply about half the places. 

Fives Club. 

Prendent—^x H. R. Tottenham, Captain—^. Horton-Smith. Secre- 
tary^A, J. Tait. Treasurer— C. R. McKee. CommitUe^Mx Harkcr, J. 
Lupton, A. B. Maclachlan, and G. W. Poynder. 

The Club has had a most successful term, having played four 
matches under Rugby Rules, and won them all. It has been 
lucky in having the services of all four colours of last year again. 
We beat Christ's by 127 points to 59, Caius by 134. to 79, Bed- 
ford Modern School by 1 10 to 107, and Caius (return match) by 
120 to 56. Thus the total of points scored for us is 491, against 
us 301. The Record for the whole season (that is, this term 
and last term) is thus seven matches won, none lost, and a total 
of 888 points for us, 523 against us. 

The Four is as follows : — L. Horton-Smith, J. Lupton, A. B. 
Maclachlan, A. J. Tait. 

Extra colours have been given to C. R. McKee, who played 
in three matches. 

There have been three tournaments: — the Open Doubles 
were won by A. J. Tait and R. W. Tale, the Handicap Doubles 
by A. J. Tait and F. E. Edwardes, the Handicap Singles by 
G. W. Poynder, 

Matches are being arranged under Rugby Rules against 
Merchant Taylors', St Paul's, and St John's Hall, Highbury, 
to be played during the vacation. 

4TH (Cambridge University) Volunteer Battalion: 
The Suffolk Regiment. 

B Company, 

The ardour shown by the members of the College has in no 
way cooled this term. During the three weeks of training for 
the Lents, as many as twenty men turned out each morning to 
drill before breakfast, to the delight and admiration of the 
inhabitants of the New Court. In consequence the drill gener- 
ally (and especially Battle Formation) has greatly improved. 
The Adjutant was good enough to attend in person to instruct 
us. In addition to the drills in College there has been a very 
good attendance at the ordinary drills and at the Shooting 

Our Chronicle. 227 

Range. Above all there has been great keenness to secure 
eflficiency all round. The Company Cup for this term was won 
by 2nd Lieut. Reid. On Saturday, March 3, we turned out 25 
strong for a field day at Bishops Stortford, and had plenty of 
work as a retiring line. We hope to have a good muster-roll at 
Aldershot on the 14th of March. This year we are to be 
quartered with the * King's Own ' Lancashire Regiment in the 
North Camp. 

Since our last report the following promotions have been 
gazetted : — 

Corp. Cummings to be Sergeant. 

Corp. McCormick „ Sergeant. 

Lance-Corp. Leftwich .... „ Corporal. 
Lance-Corp. R. Y. Bonsey „ Corporal. 

Pte Hadland • . . . • „ Lance-Corporal. 

Ptc Lloyd Jones „ Lance-Corporal. 

Dr L. £. Shore has been appointed a Surgeon-Lieutenant. 
Dbbating Society. 

Pr^sul^nt—K, H. Daviei. Via- President -W. B. Allan. Treasurer-^ 
C. T. PoweU. Secretary— K, J. K. Thompson. Auditor— Z, F. Skrimshire. 
Committee— "A. M. Schroder, C. C. Fielding. 

The following is the list of debates for the term : 

Jan, 20 — "The House of Lords should give place to a 
representative Senate." Proposed by A. K. B. Yusuf-Ali, 
opposed by W. B. Allan. Lost by 12 to 9. 

Jan. 27 — "In view of the impending disturbance of the 
peace of Europe, the fighting strength of this country be im- 
mediately and greatly increased." Proposed by C. T. Powell, 
opposed by J. E. Purvis. Carried by 19 to lo. 

Feb, 3 — " The present system of Education by Examination 
should be abolished." Proposed by W. B. Allan, opposed by 
R. S. Dower. Lost by 19 to 9. 

Feb. 10 — "The Revival of the Worship of Beauty is the 
greatest need of the age." Proposed by H. M. Schroder, 
opposed by F. S. McClelland. Lost bjr 10 to 9. 

Feb. 24 — " Magazines are deprecated as the enemies of books.'* 
Proposed by F. N. Mayers, opposed by H. H. Davies. Lost by 
15 to 8. 

Mar. 3 — " Busts of the Presidents of the Society should be 
placed in the College Chapel." Proposed by H. H. Davies, 
opposed by Peter Green. 

R. O. P. Taylor moved an amendment — " That the Presi- 
dents provide busts in the College Hall." The amended 
motion was lost by 11 to 7. 

228 Our Chronicle, 

Musical SociErsr. 

President — Dr Sandys. Treasurer — Rev A. J. Stevens. Secretary — 
A. J. Walker. Assistant Secretary— 1^, Reeve. Librarian — C. T. Powell. 
Committee— K, J. ChoUner, W. R. Elliott, J. M. Hardwich. 

[In the list of officers in our last number, read Assistant Secretary — F. O. 
Mundahl. Librarian — F. G. Cole.] 

On Thursday, lat February 1894, the Musical Society of 
this College invited its members to a Smoking Concert, at 
which the music to be performed was of such a kind as is 
called classical. Every care was taken that the fears of those 
who were opposed to such a concert should not be justified, so 
that while all the music performed was chosen from the classics, 
none of it was of a very diflScult order ; and, again — what in all 
music is most important, but in classical music absolutely im- 
perative — the rendering of each number was excellent, even 
judged from the highest standpoint. It cannot be denied that 
the Society was compelled to seek outside help, but if by the 
will of Fortune singers cluster round one College, while fiddlers 
cluster round another, who can raise an objection to a friendly 
exchange of musicians on such occasions as these ? In spite of 
all misgivings the Concert, we believe, was unanimously agreed 
to be a thorough success ; thorough, because not only were the 
several items enthusiastically received, but also the audience 
went away with a feeling of satisfaction, and not merely of 
excitement. Is it not to be sincerely hoped that this concert 
will mark a new epoch in the history of the College music? 
The success of the evening was largely due to Messrs H. E. 
Macpherson and W. H. Reed of the Royal Academy of Music, 
London, and to G. G. Schott of Trinity College, who most 
kindly played. To them and to Mr Tottenham, who kindly 
presided, we return our best thanks. 

The second Smoker was held on Monday, 26th February, 
and gained for itself the honour of the record attendance 
of this year. In the first section of the programme F. G. 
Cole's pianoforte playing was particularly good, and in the 
second we were glad to welcome an old friend in Leftwich, 
and a new friend in C. A. Knapp. At this concert, too, Dr 
Garrett's Hope was performed by a choir of tenors and basses. 
We trust it may be a good omen for similar performances at 
future concerts. Mr Scott kindly presided. 

The Rehearsals for the May Concert have been in full swing 
this term, and there has been a most satisfactory increase in the 
number of tenors and basses. The works to be performed are 
May Day (G. A. Macfarren) and The Jackdaw 0/ Rheims (Fox). 

Theological Society. 

President—W, Ashton. Treasurer— G. Watkicson. Secretary— K. O. P. 
Taylor. Committee— V, M. Smith and W. B. Gardner. 

Our Chronicle. 


Five meetings have been held this term, the following papers 
being read : — 

Genuineness of the Pastoral Epistles, by G. 

Feb. 2 
Feb. 9. 
Feb. 16, 
Feb. 23 

St Anselm, by C Floyd. 

Immortality in the Psalms, by Rev A. F. Torry. 
Asceticism, by E. J. Kefford. 
I. Differences in things indifferent, by the Rev Dr 
Cunningham (Trinity). 

There has been a very decided increase in the attendance at 
meetings and in the length of discussions this term. 

The St John's College Dinner, 17th April, 1894. 

In connexion with this Dinner, which, it is hoped, is now 
established on a permanent basis, the following gentlemen have 
kindly consented to serve on an ' Honorary Committee ' : 

The Rev C. Taylor D.D., Master of St John's College, 

The Right Rev the Lord Bishop of Manchester J^,l>.^ 

The Right Hon Lord Windsor, 

The Right Hon C. P. Villiers M.P., 

The Right Hon Sir J. E. Gorst Q.C. M.P., 

The Right Hon L. H. Courtney M.P., 

Sir T. D. Gibson-Carmichael Bart., 

Sir F. S. Powell Bart. M.P. 

The Rev J. F. Bateman, 
The Rev H. E. J. Bevan, 
The Rev Prof Bonney D.Sc, 
The Rev W. Bonsey, 
W. H. Bonsey Esq., 
E. Boulnois Esq. M.P., 
The Rev E. W. Bowling, 
L. H. K. Bushe-Fox Esq., 
A. P. Cameron Esq., 
L. H. Edmunds Esq., 
A. E. Elliott Esq., 
G. B. Forster Esq., 
T. E. Forster Esq., 
J. Hartley Esq. LL.D., 

C. O. S. Hatton Esq., 

G. W. Hemming Esq. Q.C, 
R. W. Hogg Esq.. 
R. Horton Smith Esq. Q.C, 
ProfW. H. H. Hudson, 
E. J. Kefford Esq., 

D. M. Kerly Esq., 

The Rev Prof Kynaston D.D., 

E. L. Levett Esq. Q.C, 
J. J. Lister Esq., 

J. Lupton Esq., 

Donald Macalister Esq. M.D., 

W. McDougall Esq., 

A. G. Marten Esq. Q.C LL.D., 

G. A. Mason Esq., 

The Rev A. H. Prior, 

E. J. Rapson Esq., 

S. B. Reid Esq., 

C H. Rivers Esq., 

tj. Robinson Esq., 
. J. Roby Esq. M.P., 
H. D. Rolleston Esq. M.D., 
W. N. Roseveare Esq., 
Prof R. A. Sampson, 
J. E. Sandys Esq. Litt.D., 
R. F. Scott Esq., 
G. C M. Smith Esq., 
N. P. Symonds Esq., 
H. M. St C Tapper Esq., 
The Rev A. T. Wallis, 
The Rev J. T. Ward, . 
The Ven Archdeacon Wilson 

G. P. K. Winlaw Esq. 

230 Our Chronic U 

Honorary Secretaries — Emest Prescott, 70, Cambridge Terrace, 
Hyde Park, W., and R. H. Forster, Members Mansions, 
Victoria Street, S.W. 

The following is the corrected form of a circular which has 
been issued. It must, however, be understood that the Dinner 
is for all Johnians, whether they have received a circular or 

Dear Sir, 

The St John's College Animal Dinner will be held on Tuesday, 
April 17th, at the First Avenue Hotel, Holborn, W.C., at 7.30, when the 
chair will be taken by Mr. R. Horton Smith, Q.C. 

Should you desire to attend the Dinner, we shall be greatly obliged if you 
will communicate to us your intention of doing so as early as possible, in 
order that we may be able to form an estimate of the number we may expect 
to be present. 

Applications for tickets should be addressed to R. H. Porster, Members 
Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W. The price of tickets is 8s. 6d. each (wine 
not included). 

We shall also be glad if you will kindly show this letter to any Johnians 
whom you may meet as there may be many who would wish to come to the 
Dinner, whom we are unable to address directly. 

Any communication with regard to the arrangement of seats reaching us 
not less than two days before the date of the Dinner will be attended to as 
far as possible. 

We remain 

Yours faithfully 

Ernbst Peescott, 


Hon, SecritarUs, 

The Colleoe Mission in Walworth. 

Senior Secretary — ^Rev A . Caldecott. Senior Treasurer — Dr Watson. 
junior Secretary — A. P. McNeile. junior Treasurer — ^Pcter Green. 

A meeting in connexion with the College Mission was held 
in the Master's Lodge on the evening of Sunday, January aSth, 
when about 65 junior members of the College, and some senior 
members, were kindly entertained by the Master. Invitations 
had been sent to those of the second and upper years who had 
shown themselves interested in our work in South London. The 
Master opened the Meeting with a reference to the inaugura- 
tion of the Mission, which had on that day completed its first 
decade, and then introduced Canon Jelf of Rochester, University 
Preacher for the day, who had visited the Lady Margaret parish 
more than once. In the course of an earnest and interesting 
address. Canon Jelf spoke of the advantages which would ensue 
from some form of co-operation among the several missions in 
South London, and this suggestion was afterwards taken up by 
the Master and other speakers. Professor Mayor and Professor 
Liveing were present and spoke. Mr Phillips had come up the 
day before, and stayed till Tuesday, and was thus able to renew 
that personal acquaintance with the men which is so necessary 
for the success of the Mission. He spoke with pleasure of the 

Our Chronicle. 231 

increasing numbers of men who visit Walworth in the Vacations, 
and we were glad to hear him say how great was the encourage- 
ment that the Missioners felt from their visits. 

At a Committee Meeting on Jan. 29 J. D. Davies, C. P. 
Keeling, and F. Ljdall were elected to serve on the Committee, 
as representatives of the First Year, during 1894. 

Our thanks are due for two donations, recently received by 
Dr Watson, each of /'so. by which a great part of the debt has 
been wiped off. One donor was Rev T. Browne M.A. (B.A. 1830), 
and the other anonymous. 

Our friends at the Trinity College Mission have just lost 
their Senior Missioner; we hear that one of the Tutors of 
Trinity is likely to take his place. 

ToYNBEE Hall. 
(28 Commercial Street, near Aldgate Station, £.). 

A meeting was held in Lecture-room VI on February 28 with 
Dr D. MacAlister in the chair. Canon Barnett, the Warden, 
was announced to speak on * The history of Toynbee Hall,' but 
at the last moment telegraphed his inability to come. His place 
was taken by two residents. Mr T. J. Jeffrey of Peterhouse and 
Mr H. M. Richards of St John's College, Oxford, who gave an 
interesting account of the various kinds of work in which they 
were engaged. A vote of thanks was moved by Professor 
Macalister who spoke of the effect Toynbee Hall has had in 
producing better feeling and more understanding between 

The Annual Loan Exhibition of Pictures will be open daily 
from March 20 to April 8 inclusive. The Committee is anxious 
to secure the services of men to take ' watches ' of two or three 
hours so as to ensure order in the rooms, promote the enjoy- 
ment of visitors, and guard the pictures. The * watches ' are 
from 10 to 12, 12 to 2, 2 to 4.30, 4.30 to 7, and 7 to 10 daily 
(Sundays included). Anyone willing to assist should com- 
municate with Mr W. Paterson, Toynbee Hall. - 

Members of the College who may be in London during the 
vacation will find this a specially good opportunity for making 
acquaintance with Toynbee Hall and inspecting the various 
buildings connected with it. If they would like to spend a 
night or a longer time there, they should write to Mr E. Aves, 
Toynbee Hall. The charge for one night (dinner, bed, and 
breakfast) is 5/-. 


♦ 7%i asterisk denotes past or present Members of the College. 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Christmas 1893. 




McAulay (A.) Utility of Quaternions 

Physics. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 3.30.13 .. 
I^mcaster. The County Council for the County 

Palatine of Lancaster. Report of the 

Director of Technical Instruction, J. A. 

Bennion, M.A., for the year ending Sept. 

1892. fol. Preston, 1893 

♦Wordsworth (Wm.) Catalogue of the varied 

and valuable Library of William Words- 
worth, sold by auction July, 1859. 8vo. 

Preston, 1859. 4-36.26» • .;..;..) Dr D. Mac Alister. 

Jackson (D. C.) A Text-Book on Electro- / 

Magnetism and the Construction of Dyna- 

mos. Vol. I. 8vo. New York, 1893. 

_ 3-3I-23 

Potter (M. C.) An elementary Text-Book of 
Agricultural Botany. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 

3-29.38 1 

Ziwet (Alex.) An elementary Treatise on 

theoretical Mechanics. Part ii : Introduc- 
tion to Dynamics; Statics. 8vo. New 

York, 1893. 3.30.12* 

•Allen (F. J.) Choice English Lyrics set to 

Music by F.J. A. sm. fol. Lond. and 

Leipzig, 1892. 2.36.73 

Smith (Strother A.) The Times Newspaper 

and the Climate of Rome. 8vo. Lond. 

1878. 3.26.19 

School-Boy Reminiscences. A Poem. By an 

Undergraduate. 8vo. Camb. 1844. 4.38.49. 
•Lupton (Rev J. H.) B.D. The Influence) 

of Dean Colet upon the Reformation \ 

of the English Church. 8vo. Lond. 1893. ( 

ii.t6.24« ' 

Koehler (J.) Exercises de Gfiomfitrie analy- 

tique et de Geom^trie sup^rieure. 2 Parts. 

8vo. Paris, 1886—88. 

Schroeter (Dr H.) Die Theorie der ebenen 

Kurven dritter Ordnung. 8vo. Leipzig, 

1888. 3.23.87 

Caporali (E.) Memorie di Geometria. 8vo. 

Napoli, 1888. 3.23.88 

Darboux (G.) Sur une Classe remarquable de 

Courbes et de Surfaces Alg^briques et sur 

la Theorie des Imaginaires. 8vo. Paris, 

1873. 3.23.89 

Kotter (Dr E.) Griindzuge einer rein geome- 
trischen Theorie der algebraischen ebenen 
Curven. 4to. Berlin, 18^7. 3.32.66.... 

The Composer. 

Mr F. J. Sebley. 

The Author. 

Mr Scott. 

The Library. 


Harland (John). Genealogy of the Pilkingtons 
of Lancashire. Edited by W. E. A.^ 
Axon. 4to. Printed for private circula- 
tion, 1875. 10.31.79 

Macdonald (Rev G. W.) The Holbcach 
Parish Register of Baptisms, Marriages, 
and Burials, A.D. 1600 and 1613 — 1641. > 

Poems. 5th Edition. 


First Year in Canter- 
8to. Lond. 1863. 

Mr Sc*tt. 

8vo. Lincoln, 1892 
•Wickenden (Rev W.) 
8vo. Lond. 1859. 

• Butler (Samuel). A 

bury Settlement. 

io.32. 14 ' 

Omont (Henri). Inventaire Sommaire des \ 
Manuscrits Grecs de la Bibliothdque \ 
Nationale. 3 Parti. 8vo. Paris, 1886— i 

88. 7.3543 ' 

Bontell (Rev C.) The MonumenUl Brasses! 
of England. 8vo. Lond. 1849. io.12.45. I 

• Bonney (Dr T. G.) The Story of our Planet. I 

8vo. Lond. 1893. 3.26.25 / 

Roumanian Question (The) in Transylvania and 1 
in Hungary. Reply of the Roumanian J 
Students of Transylvania and Hungary, &c. ( 
8vo. Vienna, 1892 * 

Kennedy (B. H.) The Psalter or Psalms o(\ 
David in English Verse. 8vo. Camb. 
i860. 1 1. 19.44 

Balliol College, Oxford. Catalogue of printed 
Books in Balliol College Library. 8vo. 
Oxford, 1871. Hh. 1.31 

Robert (Ulysse). Inventaire Sommaire des 
Manuscrits des Bibliothdques de France 
dont les catalogues n'ont pas €ik imprimes. 
8vo. Paris 1879— 82. 7.35.42 

Atkinson (Robert). On South-Coptic Texts : a 
Criticism on M. Bouriant's " Eloges du 
Martyr Victor, fils de Romanus." (Paper 
read before the Royal Irish Academy). 
8vo. Dublin, 1893. Library Table 

Uhlemann (Dr M.) Handbuch der gesammten 
agyptischen Alterthumskunde. 4Thle. (in 
I). 8vo. Leipzig, 1857— 58. 10.30.78.. 

[Wadd (William)]. Nugae Canorae ; or, Epita- 
phian Mementos (in Stone-Cutters' verse) of 
the Medici Family of modem times. By 
Unus Quorum. 8vo. Lond. 1827. 
11.24.50 i 

Gothein (Marie). William Wordsworth*, lein 
Leben, seine Werke, seine Zeitgenossen. 2 
Bde. 8vo. Halle a S. 1893 

Report of the Commissioner of Education for } 
the year 1889 — 90. 2 Vols. 8vo. Wash- J 

Dr Sandys. 

S. W. Key, Esq, 
The Author. 

The National Roumanian 

Professor Mayor. 

ington, 1893. 11-41.20,2 
Cayley (Arthur). Collected 
Papers. Vol. VI. 4to. 

Cambridge, 1893. 

Mr Pendlebury. 

Bureau of Education 

Mr Webb. 

• Rapson (E. J.) MarkofTs unpublished Coins \ 
of the Arsacidae. (Reprmted from the I 
Numismatic Chronicle. Vol. XIII). 8vo. f 

Lond. 1893 • t ) 


The Author. 


234 The L ibrary. 


Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Proceedings and Communications. No- 

xxxiv. i8qi — 92. Library Table, 
Clark (Andrew). The Colleges of Oxford : their History and Traditions. 

Contributed by Members of the Colleges. Edited by A. C. 8vo. Lond. 

1891. 5.28.50. 
Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticonim Latinorura. Vol XXVI. S. Optati 

Milevitani libri VII. £x recog. C. Ziwsa. 8vo. Vindobonae, 1893. 
Dictionary (New English) on Historical Principles. Edited by J. A, H. 

Murray. Part viii, sect, i . (Crouchmas — Czech). 1893. 
Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sidney Lee. Vol XXXVI. 

(Malthus — Mason). 8vo. Lond. 1893. 7.4.36. 
Diodorus. Bibliotheca Historica. Recog. F. Vogel. Vol III. Teubner 

Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1893. 

• Dona (Rev. S.) The Grammar Schools of Britain : a Poem, in three 

cantos. 8vo. Lond. 1840. 4.38.50. 
Eg3rpt Exploration Fund. Archaeological Report 1892 — 93. Edited by 

F. L. GriflSth. 4to. Lond. 1893. Library Table. 
•Erans (T. Saunders). Latin and Greek Verse. Edited with Memoir by the 

Rev. Joseph Waite. 8vo. Camb. 1893. 7.31.3. 
Foster (Joseph). The Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521 — 1889, 

together with the Register of Marriages in Gray's Inn Chapel, 1695 — 

1754. 4to. Lond. 1889. 5.25 60. 

• FoxwcU (E.) and T. C. Farrer. Express Trains English and Foreign, bein^ 

a Statistical Account of all the Express Trains of the World. 8vo. 

Lond. 1889. 1.36.48. 
Hatch (£.) and H. A. Redpath. A Concordance to the Septuagint. Fart 

iii (cirafpeiv— lc0/!Jn\). 4to. Oxford, 1893. 
Henry Bradshaw Society, Vol V. Missale ad usum Ecclesie Westmonas- 

teriensis. Curante Joh. W. Legg. Fasc. ii. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 

1 1. 1 6.44. 

Vol VI. Officum ecclesiasticum Abbatum secundum usuna 

Eveshamensis Monasterii. Curante H. A. Wilson. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 

1 1. 16.45. 

Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Lcgum Sect. ii. Capitularia Regum 
Francorum. Tom IT. Pars 2<la. 4to. Hannoverae, 1893. 

Monumenta Linguae Ibericae. Edidit A. Hiibner. 4to. Berolini, 1893. 
Ee. 10.38. 

•Newcome (Henry). The Diary of the Rev. Henry Newcome, from Sept. 
30, 1661, to Sept. 29, 1663. Edidit by Thomas Heywood (Chetham 
Society). 1849. 11.23.47. 

Paulys Real Encyclopadie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Neoe 
Bearbeitung. Herausg. von G. Wissowa. ler. Halbband (Aal — Alex- 
andres). 8vo. Stuttgart, 1893. Library Table, 

Plautus. Comoediae. Ex recens. Geo. Goetz et F. Schoel). Fasc. i. 
Teubner Text, 8vo. Lipsiae, 1893, 

•Roe (James). Twenty Sermons. 8vo. York, 1766. Hh.T3.16. 

Rolls' Publications. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign 
of Henry VIII. Vol XIII. Part ii. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 5.1. 

Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record 

Office. Edward II. A.D. 1313 — 1318. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 5.40. 

Records of the Parliament holden at Westminster on the 28th 

of February, 1305. Edited by F. W. Maitland. 8vo. Lond. 1893. 

Scottish Record Publications. The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. Edited 

by G. Burnett and A. J. G. Mackay. Vol XIV. A.D. 1513— 1522. 

8vo. Edin. 1893. 
♦ Seddon (Thomas). Letters written to an Officer in the Army on various 

Subjects, religious, moral, and political. 2 Vols. 8vo. Warrington, 

1786. Dd. 1 1. 27,28. 
Syrianus. In Hermogenem Commentaria. Edidit H. Rabe. Vol II. 

Teubner Text, 8vo. Lipsiae, 1893. 


Part II. 

(C&nHnuidfromp, l68.> 

JNDER the head of Birthplace of Studenh 
we will only note in passing the wide 
field from which we drew our students 
even then. All parts of the British Isles 
will be found contributing to the Admissions ; one boy 
comes from the "insula vulgo dicta Barbadoes," two 
come from Jamaica *' apud Indiam occidentalem," and 
two from New England. France also furnishes two or 
three. " On London Bridge," given as the birthplace 
of one who was admitted in 1707, reminds us that that 
bridge had houses on it until the middle of last 

3. The subject of the Schools which fed the College 
Would iQad us too far afield if treated as it deserves. 
Let it here suffice to say that a glance at the Index 
shows that in Part II Sedbergh was far and away our 
chief supporter, then comes Beverley, then Eton, 
Pocklington, and Shrewsbury. The number of small 
village schools is noticeable; and many of the boys 
were bred at home " sub patris ferula " : a phrase which 
sums up the old notion of efficient teaching*. 

Here the patient Editor or Index-maker must be 

♦ Sec, amongst others, Mullinger's l/niv. of Catnh.^ where vol. I., p. 345, 
the mediaeval examination of a teacher in practical work is given: <*Then 
shall the Bedell purvey for every master in Gramer a shrewde Boy, whom he 
shall bete openlye in the Scholys, &c. . . . Thus endyth the Acte in that 
Faculty.*' Bp. Bedell's schoolmaster "was very able and excellent in his 
faculty ; but accordingly austere "... and made him deaf by beating 
him •• off a pair of stairs.'* Pp. 3, 4 in Prof. Mayor's Wm, BedelL 

>0L. XVIU. H 

236 The College Register of A dmissions. 

thanked for grouping the numerous schools under 
appropriate heads. For instance, the fourteen schools 
in Rutland (Oucham, Owkame, &c.), which occur 
throughout Parts I and II are conveniently treated as 
one, under " Oakham " ; so also the eight Yorkshire 
schools called Sherbon^ Sherebume, &c., are grouped 
under Sherburn in Part I, and under Sherburne in 
Part II ; and the same treatment is given to the seven 
schools known as Sedbrig, Sedborough, &c. In all 
this the Index-maker has done wisely. Lest he be too 
much puflFed up with the praise he so thoroughly 
deserves, let me point out a blemish or two in his 
Index. First, it is in some points too full and becomes 
a Concordance instead of an Index of facts. Let not 
the unwary statistician be led by p. 481 to conclude 
that one of our alumntmigrsited from St John's College, 
Cambridge — the mention of this College among the 
Schools that supported us is only a reference to a 
testimonial from Peterhouse, giving a B.A. "veniam 
removendi ad coll. S'* Johannis." Next, let me point 
out some sins of omission: Why (on p. 489), under 
Oxfordy has he omitted St John's College and attributed 
to St Edmund's Hall the two members (pp. 176 and 
186) who came to us from our namesake? Why, in 
his Index to Part I, does he not mention among London 
Schools the "templum Sancti dementis," at which 
were bred the two lads who came "de Strand in 
suburbiis Londini" ? (Part I, p. 86, nos. 6, 7). If to 
these be added the less important omission (in Part II) 
of "schola audomarensis " as an alternative for "St 
Omer, France," I have given all the errors of any 
moment that I have found in this admirable compi- 

One instance must suffice to indicate the field of 
inquiry opened up by the list of Schools and school- 
masters — that of Little Thurlow and of Great Bradley 
in neighbouring Suffolk villages. Little Thurlow sent 
15 boys to St John's between 1630 and 17 15: during 

The College Register of Admissions. 237 

ao years, however, (1670—90) the entries almost cease, 
a.nd Great Bradley sends us 11 members, mostly in 
this interval. The School at Thurlow was founded 
and endowed (a neighbour tells me) by one. of the 
Soame family* in the i6th century: within the last 
50 years it has languished into a day school, and the 
endowment has been converted into scholarships. 
A considerable number of small endowed schools 
within a few miles' radius of this spot are now decaying 
or have lately ceased to exist. The existence of such 
schools perhaps accounts for the length of the Schools 
Index to the Admissions. The Rector of Great Bradley 
tells me that he can find no trace or tradition of the 
school there which sent us 11 freshmen. It seems 
reasonable to conclude that from some cause the 
Thurlow School was for these twenty years prac- 
tically removed to Great Bradleyf ; perhaps on 
account of illness or (as I incline to think) on 
account of the removal of a popular master of Little 
Thurlow to the Rectory of Great Bradley, viz, 
Robert Billingsley, who was admitted at St John's 
8th December 1646 fsee Part •!, p. 81, no. 17). He 
appears in the Admissions Part II as Master of Little 
Thurlow from April 1656 to December i66a, and 
Master of Great Bradley school from September 1662 
to June 1675. He was Rector of Great Bradley from 
September 9, 1662, and was succeeded by T. W. Cox 
on May 15, 1675. Another Master of Great Bradley, 
*Mr Harwood,' (p. 75, 1. 35) appears as *Mr Harrard* 
at Little Thurlow, (p. 128, 1. 17): when he entered 
St John's in 1668 he was called Henry Harward, 
(p. 16, no. 44). This variation in spelling makes the 

* The family sent several sons to St John's* One, Bamham Soam» 
(p. 70, no. 52), attained some eminence as a physician, according to Cooper's 

t Even the Soames (who had endowed Thurlow School) send a son to 
Bradley : the former school must therefore have been under a cloud of some 

238 The College Register of Admissions. 

identification of persons and places difficult. The 
Index of Persons will perhaps in future parts do 
more towards identifying those mentioned in the 
Admistion^ ; at present we must do this for ourselves. 
(For some help in identifying Billingsley and Harward 
respectively, see the Editor's note, p. Hi, 1. u.) 

4. On the age of students at admission something* 
has already been said; it may be added the age is 
seldom given of those who migrated from other colleges. 
These formed a numerous class, for in those staid old 
times students moved about apparently quite as much 
as now.f The Index (if used with caution) will show 
the number who came to us during these 50 years from 
other Cambridge Colleges (about 50), from Oxford 
(about 50), from Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and 
Dublin (a smaller number). Of several of these the age 
can be learned from other sources, as perhaps, e.g. of 
" Francis Turner, M. A. of the 4th year, • sacellanus 
domesticus illustrissimi principis Jacobi ducis Ebora- 
censis,' rector of Therfeild ; admitted fellow commoner, 
surety Dr Gunning, the Master, 8 May 1666 (afterwards 
Master of the college, i f April 1670 margin)*'. Of others 
the record is tantalizing ; e,g. who was the " Reverend us 
vir Edmundus Castell S.T.D et Arabicae linguae 
professor, admissus pensionarius major sponsore et 
fideiussore eius magistro coUegii " and who examines a 
candidate for admission two years before his own 
entrance is recorded ? (p. 37, no. 15, and p. 24, 1. 19). 

In spite of the average age at admission being much 
nearer to what it is at present than is generally sup- 
posed, and in spite of many being at entrance over 20, 
I follow the usage of writers of that period in using 

♦ e. g, Dominus Saywell, pp. 2 — 33 and Wm. Say well, Master of Jesus 
College, p, 132 ought to be identified with Part I, p. 143, no. 6. 

t P' I3S» no. 10 brings testimonials from Trinity, Cambridge, and Jesus 
College, Oxford, both of the same year as that in which he enters St John's, 
1694. P. 156, no. 24 is described as "Gallus" bom at Nancy, son of a 
Scot, <* bred at London and Utrecht." 

The College Register of Admissions. 239 

*boy' as a convenient synonym for person in statu 

5. On the date of admission it may be observed that 
the college year began on July 9, and entries occur 
in every month without any apparent breach of con- 

6. The proportion of the different classes of students 
can be seen from this summary : 

Fell. Com. 




1665—75 . 

• 54 




1675—85 . 

• 55 




1685—95 , 

. 14 




1695—1705 . 

• 31 




1705—1715 , 

• 31 




185 1059 1402 2646 

The extreme fluctuations may be seen from the years 
167 1 — 72 (when the admissions were i3f. c, 38 p., 
39 s. = 90), and 1692^-93 (when the numbers were 
of. c, i8p., 35 s. = 53). These statements must be 
qualified by the fact that a boy entering as sizar or 
pensioner sometimes changed ' into the rank above 
(when in some cases he changed his College Tutor 

Each sizar is admitted for (pro) a Fellow or Fellow- 
commoner, to whom he is attached as servitor. Each 
Fellow or Tutor had, I suppose, several sizars allowed 
him : but I can make no exact statement as to the 

• See Matt. Robinson's Life, p. 32 — "-One morning having been busy in 
his chamber with anatomising a dog, and coming to dinner into the college 
haU, a dog there smelling the steams of his murdered companion upon his 
clothes, accosted him with such an unusual bawling in the hall that all the 
boys fell a laughing, perceiving what he had been a doing, which put him to 
the blush." [Was not a dog's presence in hall "unusual" then?] Strypo 
at St Catharine's writes to his mother, " At my first Coming I laid alone ; but 
since, my Tutor desired me to let a very clear lad lay with me . . . till he 
can provide himself with a chamber." [" Clearness " of skin was iinportant 
when many had the " itch " so " cruelly.**] Letters of Eminent Literary 
Men, page 179. 

240 The College Regiskr of Admissions. 

manner of allotting the large body of sizars among the 
residents. Taking at hap-hazard the year 1683 — 84, 
out of the 24 sizars 20 are attached to 20 Fellows, while 
two Fellows have 2 sizars each. On p. 61, 1. 27, w^e 
find one sizar admitted "pro reverendo in Christo 
patre domino episcopo Eliensi"; i,e. for the late 
Master Dr Peter Gunning. Was the Bishop in 
residence ? or does pro here mean that the Bishop would 
pay the lad's College expenses* ? 

The sizar is often older than his Fellow-commoner : 
thus, "Mr Cecil sen." (in his 13th year) and "Mr 
Cecil jun.'* (in his nth), have two lads of about 18; 
admitted yfer them. 

When two boys enter together from the same school^ 
(p. 52, nos. 5, 6), or from the same village, (p. 92^ 
nos. i8, 19 ; p. 97, nos. 31, 33), their relation in college- 
is probably a continuation of school or home life. 

7. College Tutor, Although all resident Fellows 
(including B.A.'s), and the Master of the College alsof 
could take pupils, yet the practice seems to have been 
much as now : two or three Fellows had the majority 
of the pupils, and occasionally one of the others took 
one or two stray students, with whom they had (ia 
some cases) other ties. Taking the year 1702 — 3 as 
a sample, out of 54 freshmen Mr Bosvile has 30, Messrs 
Edmundson & Lambert zZy Mr Smales i (his younger 
brother)^ and Mr Brome i. (One of Mr Bosvile's 
pensioners (p. 166, no. 27) becomes a fellow-commoner 
under Mr Anstey six years later). The partnership 
between Mr Edmundson and Mr Lambert appears to 
be a unique instance. It began in February 170 J and 
ended in February 170J, so far as the Admissions ^ovf. 

• P. 208, no. 20, is elected Fellow on the presentation of the Bishop of 
Ely ; but that is another matter, and an irregularity among Admissions. 

t Perhaps the Master became ' sponsor * only for the more eminent fellow- 
commoner graduates: see the cases of F. Turner, M.A. and Dr CasteU 
(above mentioned). 

} This is the only time Mr Smalcs's name occurs as College Tutor. 

The College Register of Admissions. 241 

8. The last points to be noticed in the details of 
the Admissions are the particulars about the boys* 
parents. In a few cases instead of the father's name 
the uncle's is given, apparently because the latter is 
better known to the college or the world at large, or it 
may be because the uncle was the guardian to an 
orphan. (P. 211, no. 4, *nepos praenobilis Baronis 
Griffin de Brabrooke' : see also p. 184, no. 26). 

The proportion in which the various social ranks 
contributed to our numbers is easily seen from the Index 
of Trades — a word to be taken in a very wide sense 
as equivalent to profession or status^ seeing that Alder- 
men, Archdeacons, Barons, Bishops, Deans, Knights, 
and Viscounts are included, as well as Parish Clerks and 
the College Butler and Baker. The Index however 
properly confines itself to the occupation of parents of 
undergraduates : so that we do not find in it the Trinity 
College Butler, nor the " Guardianus " of Wadham, nor 
the " Gymnasiarch " of Glasgow, who, as signatories 
of certificates, are immortalised in the Index of Persons. 
The entry of * Sizar ' in this Trades Index is an error 
from this point of view, as seems also the omission of 
the title " e loci consuetudine baro "♦ which is added to 
*esq ' p. no, 1. 9. 

The practice of latinising the English words denoting 
trade or occupation has given the Editors considerable 
trouble in attempting to reproduce the original. Some- 
times only a guess can be made, as qitaestor homicidii 
(? coroner.) Sometimes the vague Latin is left untrans- 
lated (especially in the case of the very numerous terms 
connected with law and justice) — among non-legal terms 
are colonus^ and mathematicus-mechanicus\ ; sometimes 
the record is so caninely plain that it appeals to 

♦ Docs this mean Lord of the Manor ? or is it an instance of a local 
barony like that in Part I, p. 95, 1. 14 ? on which see the Editor's notes. 
Part I, p. xxxiii and Part II, p. xii. 

t Does this mean mathematical instrument maker ? 

242 The College Regisler of Admissions. 

our understanding without translation, e.g. in grocerus 
organista^ stationarius. The untranslated sacerdos de- 
serves a note to itself. It occurs seven times (in three 
cases with the addition of ' deceased ') and only in the 
first and second year of James II (1685 — 86). It does 
not seem to be a mere substitute for the more common 
clericus which occurs throughout the book and is not 
absent from these two years ; but whether it is intended 
merely to denote the order above the diaconate, or 
whether it has any more recondite reference to Romish 
or Nonconformist movements of the times, I cannot 

For the most part, however, the Latin word chosen 
depended merely on the whim or facility of the registrar/ 
of the time, as appears from the common trades of 
baker*, brewer, inn-keeper, tailor, shoemaker and the 
like, having from four to six different Latin words to 
represent each. The Admissions make us acquainted 
with some very curious Latin or Greek : pandoxaior^^ 
byrsariusy afomatafiusy pantopoleSy etc. Seldom does the 
Latin help us to understand the meaning of a common 
English word {virgarius^ however, shows us that vergef 
means a wand-carrier) : more frequently it obscures the 
meaning. Is it from intention or from oversight that 
the Editor has rendered Tabellarius once * auditor ' and 
once * registrar ' ? If it were not that the Latin ia 
generally given, a like variety could be wished for in 
the rendering of some other words, e.g. vitriarius^ fot 
which only * glazier ' is given, whereas * glass-worker ' 
or * glass-blowerj ' might sometimes be intended. 
Sometimes the editor's translation corrects what appears 

• Pam/eXy at first thought an error for pannifex (clothier) is later on 
translated * baker/ The Promptorium Parvulorum (a 15th century Norfolk 
monk's Anglo-Lat. Dictionary) gives the word. The pani/ex on p. 43 lived 
in East Anglia. 

f Prompt, Parvul. "Browne ale or other drynke, (bruyn, bruwydi 
browyn, aL) Pandoxor." [Did the LjTin monk derive brewing from brown /] 

X Prompt. Parv, •• Glasse wryte. VitranuSf'* {sic). 

The College Register of Admissions. 243 

an error in the registrary's choice of a Latin word. For 
instance, who believes that a man in the little agri- 
cultural village of Thurlow, occupied himself in making 
ladies' fans or fly-flaps? (Part I, p. 14,1. i^^ Jlabelli- 
fexf^). Nor do I believe that the boy meant to stuff his 
tutor with this notion of his father's occupation: he 
meant by fan-maker what a Suffolk lad would mean 
now if he used the word, namely a maker of winnowing 

Sometimes the Tutor was, luckily, unable to translate 
the English word ; and so we have Drisaller^ feltmaker^ 
tnholder^ maltster^ wheelwright and yeoman left in their 
proper perspicuityf. 

It will be seen from a glance at the Indexes that 
some " trades " are confined to Part I or Part II, while 
those common to both parts contribute in more or less 
varying proportions in the two periods. Thus, to take 
the most frequently recurring terms, the entries under 
clerk and gentleman take ij column of Index in the 
50 years of Part II, esquire | column, husbandman 
nearly a column, yeoman \ column, rector 9 lines, vicar 
3 lines; in the 35 years of Part I clerk has nearly 
J column, gentleman i\ column, esquire f column, 
husbandman and yeoman more than ^ column each, 
rector nearly J column, vicar 12 lines. These and 
similar variations are no doubt partly due to social 
changes, but also partly, perhaps chiefly, to chance 
differences in the classification of successive regis - 

• Beatley would certainly have aauotated : leg. vjinnifex, cod. flabelU/eXt 
qu. flagellifex ? Prompt Parv, for *' Fann *' gives only vannus : but 
* Flappe, instrument to smyte wythe flyys. Flabfllum" 

t I should like nevertheless to have had the 17th century Latin for 
'Drisalter,' which means properly (I believe) a dealer in the chemicals used 
by cloth manufacturers. 0;5ilvie (StuUnfs Eng. Dict^ ed. 1871) used to 
tell us as school-boys that a dry salter was "a dealer in salted or dry meats, 
etc." I hope he knows better by this time, for he was more misleading than 
Bishop Wilberforce, who in answer to *• What is a drysalter ? '' answere I, 
»* Tate and Brady's." 

VOL. XVlil. KK 

244 The College Register of Admissions. 

The '* trade " of the father is not always an index to 
his wealth; the son of an agrtcola* often enters as a 
pensioner, and the son of a gentleman or Glerk as a sizar» 

Many interesting topics and many questions there- 
from arising remain untouched — as e.g. the chief causes 
of the great fluctuations in numbers from year to year 
and from decade to decade — ^but we must stop some- 
where. Perhaps a few remarks should be added on the 
want of completeness and the frequent carelessness 
shown in the record, a carelessness that often makes the 
information given useless or misleading. In respect of 
every one of the details which the Register aims at 
preserving (and most of which have served as a thread 
on which to hang the foregoing remarks), false informa- 
tion is in many cases given. Not anly are entries 
reduced by omission to the most n>eagre limits, but 
persons and places are done out of all recognition by 
perverse spelling or by perversion into so-cedled Latin,, 
or information is so recorded as to be hopelessly 
ambiguous, t The " boys not yet rid of their provincial 
brogue " (Part I, p. vi) were surely not {pace the Editor) 
the sole or chief causes of this misleading irregularity. 
In most, if not in all cases, the boys could have given 
their Tutor all the information he wanted and could 
have told him how to spell it too. The fault lay rather 
with the Tutor, who was too careless or too much in a 
hurry for accuracy. Not that we would blame the old 

* This term includes apparently all occupied on the land or in country- 
pursuits, from the * yeoman ' and gentleman farmer (p. 85, 1. 2, we have the 
combination agricola and gent.) down to the labourer. 

t E.g., p. I95» no. 59, a boy from Pocklington school (Mr Foulks) is> 
admitted sizar * pro eodem,* The Editor interprets this to mean for a resident 
Fellow of the same name as the schoolmaster, correctly I suppose, though 
elsewhere it means for the same person as the previous sizar was admitted for ; 
see also p. 208, no. 25. As examples of places obscured by spelling, * Hearily * 
is supposed to be Alderley, * Henchford,' Chelmsford (or could it be the hundred 
of Hinckford, as * Isaach ' for * Isaack * ?) It is in solving such puzzles a» 
these that the help of Johnians in different localities is asked for by the 

The College Register of Admissions. 245 

Johnian dons personally ; rather would we thank them 
that living before the age of scientific accuracy and love 
of truth for its own sake they have left a record so full 
and so trustworthy in the main. No, the only moral to 
be drawn is that we show forth our gratitude for our own 
happier times by aiding the Editors of the Admissions 
to remove the errors and uncertainties and to supply the 
omissions that still remain therein. Any suggestions 
to this end " will be thankfully received by Mr Scott or 
Professor Mayor," p. viii. 

William Warren. 



You smiled, you spoke and I believed, 
By every word and smile deceived. 
Another man would hope no more 
Nor hope I what I hoped before. 
Yet let not this last wish be vain: 
Deceive, deceive me once again! 

W, S. Landor* 


Ridenti tibi credidi et loquenti? 
Decepit pariter loquela, risus : 
Non iam spes alii foret superstes,. 
Non ipsi mihi sicut ante surgit: 
Contingat tamen hoc mihi supremum^ 
Tu me decipe denuo, Neanthe I 

S. S. 


A RED blush mounted to the Eastern sky- 
In joy at the bright coming of the day, 
As blushes some fair maid, when she is ware 
That her dear heart is near, and fondly love 
Looks trembling from her eyes. The golden dawn. 
That wakes the world with magic touch to life. 
Stepped bravely forth, and dropped the vale of mist 
That all but hid her beauty ; then unbared 
In radiant splendour, with the west wind's voice 
Bade the sweet birds uplift their note of praise. 
And hymn the glory of their lord, the sun. 
And now the polished surface of the mere 
Stood all ablaze, and glittered .to the light, 
The while the circling hills bent down their brows 
To watch the sunlight in the shimmering deep 
Gild their dim heads with gold, and still the brooks 
Stole dimpling down thrpugh dells of green, like threads 
Of whitest silver, murmuring as they went. 
Around the silent tarns, that dreamless lay 
In slumberous quiet, feeling not the kiss 
Of lightest breeze, nor blast of wrathful gale. 
The giant boulders stood, like sentinels 
Bidden to guard the sleepers : e'en the hand 
Of ruthless Time, that smites the fairest down, 
For that it is most fair, hath smitten them 
In vain ; a long Eternity is theirs. 

* Proxime acctssii for Uie Chancellor's English Medal, 1894. 

The English Lakes, 247 

•Tis autumn now, autumn in Grasmere vale. 
Light is the air and clear, and peaceful rest 
Dreams o'er the scene, as on that old-world day, 
When shepherds sang their love in Arcady, 
Vying in honeyed minstrelsy of song 
For meed of goat or bowl, and grove to grove 
Told but of Amaryllis ever fair. 
Far as the eye can range, calm stillness reigns. 
From where the hill-top with its robes of green 
Looks down upon the tiny vale beneath 
That nestles to its side, like some fair child 
That nestles to his mother's knee, to where 
Helvellyn rears aloft his cloud-loved head, 
Crowned with a mighty diadem of moss, 
And white no longer with December snow ; 
While ever and anon the restless mists 
That flit about him, like uneasy souls, 
Break and are gone. And oft the rustic folk. 
Who marvelled when they saw them come and pass. 
Would tell their children on a wintry day. 
When loud the tempest roared, as though the voice 
Of God spoke through the gale, and hurrying mists 
Swept onward blindly, these were kinsmen's souls 
Come from their graves to guard them through the 

So still it is that e'en the soft love tale 
Whispered by bird to bird in sheltered brake. 
And blending with the voiceful rivulet. 
Serves but to make the stillness yet more still ; 
And as the eye looks rapturously down. 
And sees the mirrored glories of the sky 
With mingled wealth of shadow and of light 
Gleaming unaltered forth, and yet refined 
By the blue deep, the soul would fain take wing, 
And like the bird that singeth to the morn. 
Rise with a song that is not all a song. 

248 The English Lakes. 

But hath in it the echo of a prayer 

E'en to the gates of heaven. Wondrous thoughts. 

Well half-unfashioned to the brain, like dreams, 

And fling a cloud of rapture over all. 

While fancy lightly breathes her charms, and bids 

The vanished gladness welcome to the heart. 

Ah, life with all its care and tears and sin. 

And terror and dismay that racks the soul, 

Hath still some glorious moments, worth long years 

That know no light, but wrapped in sunless gloom. 

Drag on and die. As fitful sunbeams cast 

A look of love upon the snow-clad earth. 

When glooms a winter morn, and fondly linger 

Where sunk in sleep their darling violets lie, 

And softly kiss them ere they steal away. 

So there are moments, when there comes a glean* 

As from another more than mortal world, 

To light us on our way : so seems it now, 

And far away the restless fret of life 

Makes fitful moaning, like the weary wave 

That ever sobs its sorrow to the deep. 

Thus as I gaze, the veil that shrouds the past 
Floats like a cloud away and all is light. 
Here where the dove now answers to his mate. 
The savage boar erst prowled with glistening tuskj. 
And the grey-coated wolf with eyes that glowed 
Like spots of fire through the dim murk of night,. 
In lust for food slunk round the silent fold. 
Here on a day there came with tramp of steeds 
The conquering legions* of imperial Rome, 
With arms aflame beneath the summer sun. 
While the proud eagles stood above the host 
By warriors fierce triumphantly upborne. 

* In A.D. 121 Cumberland was conquered by the Romans, who built a 
wall from Newcastle along the borders of Northumberland to the Solway 

The English Lakes, 249 

And as they passed, the dwellers in the place 

Flew to their arms, and donned their leathern shields, 

And there did battle by the voiceful mere. 

Twas but as though a child should think to stem 

With fort of sand the rushing of the tide ; 

They fought, and died, and all was peace again. 

But oft in after time, the din of fight 

Woke the wild echoes in the shuddering vale, 

When fierce-eyed Pict or Dane with flowing locks 

Came with long sweep of oars and swelling sail 

In gaily painted barques across the foam ; 

And sword met sword, and buckler rang with steely 

And fire and ruin marked the path he trod. 

Or when through one long day,* the surging wave 

Of battle dashed against the mountain height. 

Where that proud handful still embattled stood. 

And all untaught to bear the tyrant's, yoke 

Dishonoured, chose to die and win a name 

That shines beyond the darkness of the tomb. 

And still there stands a pile of stones, where erst 

They died, upon the slope of Dunmail Raise, 

And each mute stone hath voice to tell the tale 

With words that echo down the golden years. 

But to my fancy all is changed again : 

I seem to see the stern white-bearded priests 

Clad in their robes as white as driven snow, 

Scale the tall mountain ere the rising sun 

Has tipped the peaks with gold, and kindle fire 

For sacrifice of blood to Beal'sf might. 

And dark the scene was as their deeds were dark. 

For even now within some gloomy dell 

Where all is fierce and wild, and the sad wind 

Frets without end amid the ruined trees, 

~' ' I I .1 • ■ < ■ ly 

* In 945 when the Saxon King Edmund defeated the Cumberland ers id 
a decisive battle at Dunmail Raise, between Grasmere and Keswick. 

t It is now known that the Druid worship in Cumberland resembled the 
worship of Baal, though the God the Druids worshipped wa& known as Beal 
or Baltine. 

250 The English Lakes, 

And the black mists of night flit ceaselessly, 

Like shadowy phantoms of another world. 

The Druid altar* stands in circled rock. 

And here of old the youth and maid alike 

Passed through the flames to Be&l ; when the plague 

Swooped on the kine like ravening birds of prey. 

The herdsmen drave them through the need-fire'sf glow 

To rid them of the taint that shadowed death. 

But all things change and pass, the idle creeds 
That vexed the world a moment with their cries 
Are but as floating airs that scarce are felt. 
'Tis only nature that is still the same, 
The tender mother, old yet ever young. 
That looks from out the deep-blue sky, and Speaks 
From every leaflet, every flower that blows 
Her noble words of God and Truth and Love. 

Here now is rest as full and deep and sweet 

As in the churchyard where the Poet lies, 

His life's task ended. Peaceful is his sleep, 

But not more peaceful than the life, that passed 

In converse sweet with Nature all the days ; 

Save when there came a cryj from o'er the sea 

Boding a world of misery to men, 

A voice of mingled triumph and despair 

That thrilled the world, and shook it to its depths. 

Ah how he loved each vale, each tarn, each brook, 

The fleeting change of sky, the wistful breeze 

That murmured through the yews and sycamores. 

And then was gone ; the flying cloud, the showers 

That sped in robes of light or darkness veiled 

• There are traces of such altars at Glenderaterra and Cumwhitton, 

t The "necdfue," still so called, is derived from the Danish word 

*<n6d" meaning cattle. English neat herd. In some parts of Cumberland 

the practice is still observed. 

X The French Revolution, which irresistibly attracted Wordsworth to 


The English Lakes. 25 \ 

From hill to hill, as grateful to the eye 

As strains of joy and sadness to the ear ; 

The world of flowers, the tiny daisy's self 

That raised its golden head, as though it kne^ 

That there was one to whom it was most dear* 

And oft he passed along the road, that winds 

By Rydal water down to Windermere, 

Where thousand thousand trees in armour green 

With ordered lines of densely waving boughs, 

Stand by the water's edge, as though to guard 

Some sacred precinct from unhallowed tread. 

Full oft he clomb the path to Grisdale Tarn 

And saw the valleys deepen as he clomb. 

And the tall mountains looming taller still. 

While far below the waterfall flashed down 

In dazzling whiteness, breaking into gems 

Of lustrous foam, like diamonds of spray ; 

And higher still he clomb, and saw the woods 

And brooks beneath him, dwindled till they seemed 

A fairy world bright with its fairy rills. 

'Jlien higher yet to steep Helvellyn's top 

Whence he beheld the ocean gleaitiing far 

With gentle swell of waves, and in his heart 

There woke a mighty joy, as when he saw 

The host of clouds spread far their fleecy wings, 

And dart, like things of life, across the vale 

0*er steep Nab Scar, or when by Lyulph's Toweif 

He gazed upon the sun-lit daffodils. 

That tossed their myriad golden heads like one. 

As though in concert with the scarce heard voice 

Of falling brook or distant cataract. 

A life of peace 'midst friends that loved him dear \ 
And as they lived together still, so death 
Could not divide them, but here side by side 
They lie, and sleep their never wakening sleep. 
Here 'neath the shadow which the grey tower casts 
The Poet erst had lain, and listened oft 


2^2 The English Lakes. 

To the sweet cries of children at their play 
By cottage doors, when on the vesper breeze 
Was borne the lowing of the kine, and bleat 
Of pasturing sheep, while by the rugged wall 
The Rotha crept with tiny wave of foam. 
There now he sleeps, and now the mournful streamy 
Whose voice had meaning for his ear alone. 
Glides sighing past, as though she fain would kis» 
The flowers upon the grave of her lost love. 

Such death as his is but a truer life : 

His great soul, freed from the base chains of earth 

Still dwells among us ; oft there breathes a voice, 

A soft low voice e'en from the silent grave. 

That tells us how to live, and how to die. 

Nature hath books for those who will but read^ 

And all things tell their tale, but not to those 

Whose eyes are hooded, and whose soul is blind 

To all the wondrous works that ever speak 

The hand of God : but 'tis for them alone. 

Whose heart meets Nature's heart with answering thrill^ 

That her sweet voice is fraught with meaning clear. 

And fits them for the life that is to be. 

And as the sun now sinking in the west 

Sheds its last rays of gold, ere vanishing 

Beyond the far faint hills, and heralds in 

The dawn of night lit by the evening star. 

So may our life's end be, so calm, so bright : 

And through death's darkness may there be some gleam^ 

To guide us hence with light and love and hope, 

Like yon bright star that glows o'er Grasmere wave. 

A. J. Chotzner. 


|ELL, we were talking shop. I usually encour- 
age it secretly, though many people whose 
judgment in other things I respect think it 
wrong. When a man who has read quite 
other books than your degree requires you to know is 
willing to talk about them, you learn a little of his work ; 
and, more than this, you learn that there are things 
worth knowing not comprised in the subject of your 

Now, I am a theological man, well able to discover 
differences and to make comfortable constructions, but 
of the particular logic of the lawyers I stand a chance 
of never knowing anything ; so, he being a lawyer, I 
manoeuvred him very tenderly on to his own particular 
rail and let him go. 

I remember we were discussing the celebrated, but 
hitherto to me unknown, 'slop-smock case.' He told 
me how a man indicted for stealing a slop got off by 
shewing that he had taken not a slop but a smock : 

' Balance of testimony called it a smock and the case 
fell through. However, the grand jury were in the 
next room and found a true bill for feloniously taking 
and carrying away a smock. Plea, autrefois acquit 
and ' 

* What's autrefois acquit f ' 

* Oh, it means " I've been tried once for this thing and 
acquitted," but, in order to get off on this plea, you must 
shew that you were really in jeopardy at the former 
trial. Now, if the thing was a smock, the man had not 

254 Told at Dittofu 

been in jeopardy, because the indictment had said 
" slop." It seemed, then, that the plea was a bad one. 
Not a bit. He called a number of witnesses who sworo 
that the article in question was a slop and ' 

I never heard more of the story than that, for 
when he reached that point something very dreadful 

I saw his eyes start from their sockets and his jaw 
distinctly drop. This for an instant. Then he veiled 
his eyes and turned away his head, while a deep blush 
suffused his face and neck, and he gave me the impres-? 
sion of one who wished to sink into the earth, or in any 
other manner escape some particularly embarrassing 
presence. What was it? I looked in the direction 
indicated by his anguish and saw nothing. At least, I 
saw, in the far distance, the < Bride's cake,' then the 
electric chimney, then a tiny cedar tree, then a railway, 
and lastly the buttercups at our feet. I-rving objects 
there were none, except a soaring lark and a Dorking 
hen, somewhat broody and just two years old*. 

Seeing no material clue to my companion's con-. 
Stemation, I at once attributed it to some vision he had 
seen and> of course, felt quite excited about it, never 
having knowingly been in the presence of an apparition 

* For Heaven's sake, come away,' he said, getting up 
^nd dragging at my arm. I followed him, as he turned 
his back shudderingly, yet politely, on the 'Bride's^ 
cake,' the chimney, and the cedar, and slunk -rapidly 
towards Pitton- Not until we had gone half-a-mile did 
he begin to recover his faculties, and even then they 
seemed to return seripusly impaired, for his first words» 
whispered fiercely into my ear as he convulsively 
clutched my arm, were, '* I had one for lunch." ' 

* Had one for lunch,' I answered. ^ Had what ? ' 

♦ In order to be exact, I got these facts concerning the hen from its proi 
pVittQi'. Vntil then, I was not sure even that it was a hen at all. 

Told at Ditton. 253 

♦Hush,' he said, * don't speak so loudly. I had a 

<» a' — he almost choked as he finished the sentence 

•=.-* a chicken.' 

*Why so did I. At least, that was what they 
called it, though it much resembled a very tough 
old .' 

* Ough ! stop,' he shouted, turning quite white ; then 
halting and looking at me very sternly, * You callous 
brute ! ' 

There was a pause ; each was too moved to speak fop 
awhile. Then, he resumed : 

* You mean to say that, this very day, you ate a — a 
chicken and yet you are not ashamed to look that poor- 
hen in the face ? ' 

I saw it all now. It was the sight of that hen,^ 
coming forward in all her unconsciousness, innocence, 
and trust, that had upset my sensitive companion, who 
had so recently eaten of, perhaps, one of her sisters, 
though just possibly her grandfather. 

As a theological student, I felt piqued at being con-« 
sidered by this common lay creature, nay callous lawyer, 
to be lacking in right feeling and proper shame. I 
rallied him on his ultra-sensitiveness and — may \ be 
forgiven !— r-I called him a girl. 

* Why how will you like badgering witnesses, as you 
are safe to be expected to do, when, no doubt, your 
humanitarian principles make you hesitate to shoot a 
rabbit r ' 

* Hesitate 1 I wouldn't shoot a rabbit to save my im- 
mortal soul. But then, I know the feelings of a hunted 
ftnimal much better than you possibly can.' 

So we sat down again and he told me his story. 

♦You know that last year I went partly round the 
world, and imitated a vast variety of Romans, in a great 
many places. Well, in Brazil, four or five of us once 
went into the woods and began to shoot a sort of coney 
that takes the place of rabbits there. We had seven or 
^ight dogs to fetch them out of the bushes, while we 

256 Told at Ditton. 

shot them in the open, and, at the time, I thought it 
great sport. After some time, we sent the dogs home. 
and all lay down suh tegmine fagt^ so to speak, and must, 
have dozed off to sleep. At any rate, this is what /did, 
for I was awakened, roughly enough, by deafening 
grunts and squeals, that I soon found proceeded from a 
herd of peccari, that broke suddenly upon us. The 
whole party took to their heels, in every direction, and 
sought the shelter of the neighbouring bushes. In our 
hurry we did not miss our guns, but we soon learnt 
what had become of them. 

The peccari soon found me out and, being unarmed, I 
deemed it expedient to remove to another station, for 
the tusks of these little animals soon reach an artery and 
they are not easily kept at bay. While I scuttled across 
an open glade, judge of my astonishment when I felt 
severe wounds [all over my legs and learnt from the 
report of a gun that I had been shot. When I reached 
shelter, I peered out to see what madman had thus 
assaulted me. 

A very large ape stood at the end of the ride, holding 
a smoking fowling-piece, into which he thrust a green 
cartridge, which another handed him from a belt he was 
carrying. The ape with the gun was chattering over his 
shoulder, with some others in the background, similarly 
armed. Evidently, he was explaining why he had 
failed to bag me. The others took a different view of 
the matter, and I remember noticing that a very dirty 
ape with a bald spot on his head was especially derisive. 
(It is strange how one notices trivial circumstances in 
moments of extreme peril.) I began to think that I 
should be safer up a tree, and accordingly I began, very 
stealthily, to climb an old and roomy specimen near me. 
Before I could do this, I had attracted the attention of 
several peccari and was compelled to desist. I dropped 
to the ground and fell on my back, and in an instant 
received a scar across the face from the sharp tusk of 
one of my assailants. Again I had to run, and, as I 

Told at Dition. ^$7 

crossed to the next cover, the bald-headed ape took a 
shot, but very wide of the mark. 

I can tell you that it was very far from being a joke 
for me, though those thieves of apes seemed to enjoy it. 
A straight shot at twenty yards would mean death, and 
it is only owing to the very bad aim of the baboons that 
I am here to-day to tell the story. Especially badly 
did the bald-headed one shoot, which when I noticed, I 
always made a point of breaking from his end of the 

Meanwhile, shots from other directions told me that 
my companions were in jeopardy as great as mine. 
Presently, one of the apes, taking aim more recklessly 
than ever, fired full into the face of another ape, and to 
this circumstance I think we all owe our lives. The 
accident caused such excitement among the shooters, 
that the whole of our party were able to reassemble at 
the tree where all had been sleeping when the peccari 
burst upon us. 

Very meekly, we made our way home — where we 
became the laughing-stock of the country. We did not 
tell our friends of the extremely unpleasant half-hour 
we spent in running about between the tusks of the 
swine and the gtins of the baboons, but, if I live to be a 
hundred, I shall never forget the agony of that time. I 
made a vow that I would never draw trigger on fellow- 
creature again, and that is the easiest vow to keep that 
I ever took. 

*A few days later some settlers came across the 
thieves and recovered two of the guns. It was with 
extreme regret that I learnt that the bald-headed ape 
was slain in the encounter. He shot so badly that I 
cannot help thinking he let me o£f several times on 

For a long time I was silent. Then I hazarded the 
remark, * All this is quite true ? ' I shall not forget the 
look that he gave me. At last his face cleared a little, 
and he said— 

i^S Vain Hopes* 

* I know it must sound strange to you, so t will give 
you proof. In my rooms I will shew you a cutting from 
a newspaper, telling how our guns were stolen while we 
slept, and also a kodak picture a friend was fortunate 
enough to secure, shewing a big ape making off with. 
my favourite Purdy.' 

These proofs he did shew me, that very night, and of 
this I am glad, for without them I should not have dared 
to offer this narrative to the Editors of the Eagle. 

G. G. D* 


Vain were my hopes, and all my love was vaiili 
A flickering candle held against a gale, 
Born, like a sudden meteor to fail 

And leave behind a fiery track of pain. 

My storm-tossed spirit never can regain 
The old sweet calm, that proved, alas, so frail, 
When, like the silver star of evening pale. 

Bright love shone forth, but only shone to wane* 

l*he day is done. The sunset's ruddy light 
Fades from the fir-stems. Duller grow the skies* 

But still the western heavens glimmer bright, 

Where far within, though vanished from mine eyes, 

Beyond the gleaming portals of the night, 
Her spirit waits for mine in Paradise* 


Drown him, drown him in the lake, 

Fell destroyer of the land, 
Drown him for all Ireland's sake. 

Quench the rafter-burning brand. 

Sure a Viking loves the wave, 
Loves the water fair to see! 

Let it be the warrior's grave. 
As it gave, so let it free. 

Drown him with a mother's curse, 
For the children he hath slain, 

Drown him, we can do no worse. 
Cannot pay him back each pain. 

Drown him with a sweetheart's scream. 
Drown him with a vengeful yell, 

Let the flood above him gleam. 
Send his cursed soul to hell. 

See, he grapples now with death. 
Death he hath so often given. 

See, the waters drown his breath. 
See, his soul departs unshriven. 

Thorgils, fiend, our debt is paid, 
Owel our vengeance shall complete; 

Ne'er shalt thou in grave be laid. 
Toss there. Ah! revenge is sweet. 

R. O. P. T. 

♦ Thorgils (Turgesuls) is the most celebrated of the " land-leapers," 
Viking invaders of Ireland who, about the end of the 9th century, swept 
right across Ireland, plundering and destroying. The career of Thorgils was 
cut short in the manner above described. Loch Owel is in Westmeath. 


Romani.. .pueros nobiles et investes. ..Camillos appellant. •• 
flaminum* praeministros. 


T was some time before they emerged from 
their temporary retirement, and began to 
stroll homewards along the towpath. But 
as the day was warm and the magnetism of 
the river as potent as ever, they decided to make the 
journey in "short pieces of paddling," as the Poet 
expressed it ; in accordance with which resolution they 
called an easy at Grassy, sat down in an empty barge 
by the wharf, and lighted up their pipes again. 

" Some day," said the Poet, kicking his heels against 
the side of the barge, " I intend to write a masterpiece 
about the Cam : but as yet I can't quite settle in what 
style to treat the subject. I might attempt it in the 
Grand or Historico-Classical style, bringing in Julius 
Caesar, and making him renounce the wish, imputed to 
him by Lucan, to discover the sources of the Nile, ia 
favour of the more intricate problem of the direction of 
the Cam's flow, and then " 

♦ Noti by t?ie Philosopher. This means " who are always calling on the- 

Note by the Poet, No, it doesn't. How could any one call on the deao 
•* invcstis " ? 

Note by the Philosopher. "Investis " means " without surplice," stupid \ 

Note by the Poet. Wrong again! It means *qui breves deremigarcr 
solet.' The true reading is evidently **f!ammaram praeministros/* "bonfire- 

Note by both. We reserve our dissertations until after the establishment 
cf post-graduate degrees* 

Camus et Camillu iti 

** Meddle not with Julius Caesar," interrupted the 
Philosopher: "remember the fate of the other Cinna." 

"Well," said the Poet, "suppose I try it in the 
Lesser or Itinerario-topographical style — something 
after this manner — 

First thrills the Little' Bridge the expectant heart 

With thoughts of needle and the eager start ; 

Next the Post Reach, and then the Little Ditch, 

Where labouring oarsmen feel the incipient stitch ; 

To reach which goal oft madly strives the crew, 

Ere ticks the stop-watch hand to eighty-two, 

And from the towpath hears the dread refrain 

** Just turn her, cox, and take her back again ! "* 

Post Corner next where loud-ton gued coaches roar 

Stern admonitions unto two and four : 

Then comes the Gut, where spurts the striving eight. 

Where coxswains' shrilly tones ejaculate 

The words of mystic import " Now you're straight I *' 

Next Grassy's bold protuberance we see, 

Comer not well beloved of bow and three : 

Then up Plough Reach the speedy ship doth run. 

Where many a race is lost, and many won. 

Now Ditton — stay 1 what power of speech have I 

Wherewith to picture Ditton's galaxy ? 

The thousand beauties ranked beneath the trees. 

The photographic " Now, keep steady, please 1 '* 

The ancient oars that cheer their College on. 

The roomy barge, the tub-propelling don/' 

Then the Philosopher moved the closure and took the 
lead himself. " There are some branches of the aquatic 
art," he remarked, " concerning which we have not yet 
discoursed. Take the coxswain, for instance. Now the 
coxswain is a person for whom I often feel a large 
amount of sympathy. I once steered an eight myself — 
only once, and then for but two hundred yards ; for at 
the end of that distance my boat, and all others within 
reasonable range, were dissolved into their constituent 
atoms, and I, like the original Palinurus, found myself 

262 Camus et Camillu 

in the water. - Still the experience gave me a great in- 
sight into the difficulties of a coxwain's position/* 
" Ah ! " murmured the Poet : 

"There once was a captain who steered^ 
But his second appearance is feared; 

For two funnies, one whiflf, 

Three fours and a skiff 
Are said to have quite disappeared." 

The Philosopher took no notice of the interpolation^ 
but resumed his discourse. "The only point in which 
a coxswain really scores an advantage lies in the fact 
that he is not obliged to train, and can accordingly jeer 
at those who are. But even this amusement is not with- 
out its dangers and should be but seldom indulged in, 
unless the coxswain be endowed with superlative 
nimbleness and given to eetrly rising." 

"An orthophoetosycophant, in fact," remarked the 
Poet, remembering the days when the Lent boat crews 
used to pull him out of bed. 

" A judicious amount of training, too," continued the 
Philosopher, ** would often be of no small advantage. 
What more pathetic sight is there than a coxswain who 
starts his career with not ill-founded hopes of winning 
distinction, and then begins to increase in bulk, his 
prospects sinking as his weight rises, till the vision of 
a * blue ' fades first to the less artistic white of a Trial 
Cap, and then sets altogether ?" 

" Yes," remarked the Poet ; " this is the manner of 

I once was a light little cox, 

The smartest that ever was seen ; 
For I stood but five three in my socks. 

And weighed barely seven thirteen: 
The figures I give you are true, 

And I coxed in a club Trial Eight; 
And they said I was sure of my blue, 

And I was — ^till I went up in weight. 

Camus et Camilli, 263 

The change was begun in the Vac, 

For I spared not the well-fatted calf; 
And I found myself, when I came back. 

Increased by a stone and a half. 
Still they set me to cox a Lent crew, 

But docked my allowance of prog, 
Threw doubts on my chance of a blue„ 

And said I was fat as a hog. 

Yet still there comes increase of weight. 

My garments expansion require, 
I project o'er each side of the eight, 

And my buttons are fastened with wire. 
They make me take runs in the Backs, 

(Now my running is marvellous poor): 
And their pointed allusions to "stacks" 

Are very ill-natured, I'm sure. 

O 'Varsity President, you 

Are in need of an oarsman of weight : 
Then give me, O give me my blue! 

Next year 'twill, I fear, be too late. 
For if in this way I enlarge. 

Next year, I would have you to note. 
Nought less than the bulkiest barge 

Will be able to hold me and float!" 

" Let us now pass on," said the Philosopher, " from 
the coxswain to the coach. For the coach is another 
person who engages my sympathy. I have often 
coached a boat myself, and for myself my sympathy is 
always prodigious : which may be termed the encourage- 
ment of home industries. However there are coaches 
and coaches, in every varying degree, from the bold, 
blatant, and bad-languaged, to the smooth, sententious, 
and serio-comic. Now the coach, though he may often 
give the crew a bad time of it, is not always able to re- 
serve a correspondingly good time for himself: seeing 
these things go in direct and not inverse proportion. For 
the three requisites for enjoyable coaching are a fine day, 

264 Camus et Camillu 

a good crew, and a horse of easy action and somewhat 
sedate habits. But when it is raining and blowing 
hard, when the crew takes more than two minutes over 
the Post Reach, with the rest of the course to match, 
and when the horse is inclined to give you your choice 
between the river and the ditch, then the language of 
ordinary conversation is wholly insufficient to describe 
the fiill unenviability of the coach's position/' 
" Quite so," said the Poet 2 

"It's somewhat unpleasant to row 
In a boat that's unsteady and slow^ 

To be rated and baited 

And horribly slated, 
And told that your rowing's so-so» 

You know, 
That you'll have to do better or go. 

But what of the man on the gee ? 
Not unalloyed pleasure has he: 

Though it's skittles and beer 

If you're able to cheer. 
Yet when the crew's shocking to see^ 

Dear me! 
It's quite the reverse of a spree. 

When the crew's getting lazy and slack, 

When they're losing their smartness and smack^ 

You would gladly throw bricks 

When the stroke swears at six, 
And six is inclined to talk back, 
Good lack! 
How their heads you could cheerfully crack I 

Yet you'll find it will compensate when 
They are swinging and shoving like men ; 

You will lose power of speech 

As you see the crew reach 
The Pike and Eel under nine ten, 

Oh then— 
What an impotent thing is the pen!" 

Cnmus et Camilli. 263 

** From the coach," resumed the Philosopher, " we may 
appropriately pass on to the coach's steed, or gee^ as it 
is more commonly called. I have often read in the 
•works of Mark Twain and others of a * Mexican plug ' ; 
but why a horse should be called a plug was beyond 
xny comprehension, until I saw a towpath gee, and dis- 
covered the origin and significance of the term : for the 
word 'plug' is a method of stating the value of the 
animal in tobacco, which, no doubt, formed the primi- 
tive currency in those countries. But of recent years, 
owing, no doubt, to the appreciation of tobacco at Cam^- 
bridge, the name has come to be regarded as overrating 
the value o*f the beast, and has accordingly been 
dropped in favour of the more modern term of gee* 
This name — so say the best classical authorities — is 
derived fi-om the Greek particle 78, which, except in 
the Greek Iambics of the modern undergraduate, 
means * at any rate ' ; and by a judicious application 
of the well-known liuus a non lucendo principle we 
find that it refers to the animal's want of pace." 

"Still," said the Poet, "just as misfortunes are 
said never to come singly, so we find that curiosities 
generally appear in couples. Hence the rider, or 
perhaps rather the rider's riding, is often a fitting 
adjunct to the horse. So we must not be too hard 
on him. 

The towpath gee, the towpath gee. 

That zoologic mystery I 
His counterpart you'll never see • 

In any natural history: 
A strangely put together beast, 

(To judge by what I see of them): 
He always boasts two legs at least, 

And often musters three of them.** 

"Hence," interrupted the Philosopher, "the true 
origin of the word tripos: for in ancient times 
these animals were employed in ploughing." "Now 

266 Camus et Camillu 

Heaven save us from these philologists," said the 
Poet. '^ Don't interrupt. 

His pace is usually not 

Much faster than the river is; 
His action, when he tries to trot, 

Exciting to the liver is. 
He often takes to playing tricks, 

This equine curiosity; 
He sometimes shies, he sometimes kicks 

With out-of-place ferocity. 

Yet still I like him. Though he fall 

Or chuck me, what is that to me ? 
There's no such other beast in all 

Comparative anatomy. 
Long may he flourish! For although 

Sarcastic critics are with him. 
He somehow suits me ; for, you know. 

My riding's on a par with him." 

" We have now," said the Philosopher, ** gone through 
almost the whole aquatic pantheon. However, before 
we leave the subject, let us speak of those whom 
people usually stigmatise as ' crocks.' I doubt whether 
there is a better or truer rowing man on the river 
than the good old-fashioned hopeless * crock.' I have 
known many of them and have come to respect their 
very deficiencies. Year by year they row on without 
hope of advancement, or even of more success than 
an occasional scratch four or junior trial can give, 
ever cheerful and persevering in spite of the most 
discouraging circumstances. And where his club is 
concerned, the genuine crock is ahvays as keen as 
if he assisted it to win the Grand Challenge Cup 
every morning before breakfast. Let us therefore 
give him some of the recognition that he deserves 
but seldom gets." 

Camus et Camillu 267 

Then the Poet sang his praises as follows: 

''Not in a strain of pungent ridicule 

I sing the humbler votaries of the oar. 
Disturbers of the peace of Barnwell Pool, 

The butt of budding poets heretofore. 
Others may mock their crabs, their clumsiness, 

Their splashing, digging, bucketing may chide ; 
The task is easy ; yet must all confess 

He hath done something who hath only tried. 
Men call them crocks: but, call them what you will, 
They row more rightly oft than some that have more skill. 

What craves the noble science of her son, 

Who to that title fitly would aspire ? 
Not strength alone, though measured by the ton. 

Nor only skill doth she of him require. 
Nay, though of greatest potency be these 

Corporeal glories, lacks there something more; 
Not only physical the qualities 

That go to making up the perfect oar: 
And the worst crock that ever yet was seen 
Is higher than a beast, is more than a machine. 

And have these nothing, though their form be poor^ 

If patriotic effort have its part 
With pluck and perseverance ? For, be sure, 

The gist of rowing lieth in the heart — 
The sturdy heart that learneth how to bear 

An oarsman's troubles, that may feel the stings 
Of disappointment, yet not know despair. 

But persevere in hope of better things : 
Add also (O si adfuisset semper!) 
The oarsman*s greatest gift, unrufBeable temper.'*^ 

After this they rose and walked slowly along the 
towpath as far as Ditton, stopping again just at the 
beginning of the Long Reach, 

" Many a tight race have I seen along here," said 

the Philosopher : " I rowed myself in one of the 

tightest of them too. It's a horrid experience to be 

chased from here to the finish with the gap between 

VOL. xvm. N N 


268 Camus et Camilli, 

your rudder and defeat varying from one foot to 
three. But if you come out of it successfully, it's a 
thing to be remembered for a lifetime." 

"I have not forgotten the race you speak of,'* 
said the Poet. **How does this tally with your re- 
pollection3 ? 

'Twas just after Ditton was rounded, 

That they came with a rush in the straight^ 
And loudly their rattles were sounded, 

Portending our imminent fate ; 
And their men on the towpath were shouting, 

Plunging madly through gravel and dirt, 
And they thought they were in for an outing^ 

As they yelled to their stroke for a spurt. 

Aud it came-^like a rush of sea horses : 

What hope to escape it had we? 
In practice we'd done no fast courses; 

All said we were slow as could be. 
Aye, it came, like the waves o'er the shingles 

Driven on by the flow of the tide ; 
It came, and it made our blood tingle, 

It came, but it slackened and died. 

It died, but with sudden reviving 

Came again, and again it grew slack ^ 
And on we went, somehow contriving 

To stave off their direst attack. 
For our stroke was as sturdy a hero 

As ever won chaplet of bay. 
And even when hope was at zero. 

Still somehow he kept us away. 

And once 'twas a matter of inches, 

And often 'twas less than a yard ; 
But base is the oarsman that flinches. 

Though fortune be never so hard : 
go we struggled right home to the finish* 

With a gap of a yard at the most, 
Put we suffered that not to diminish 

Till, by George, we were safe past the post.'" 

Camus et Camtllu 269 

** Those Were hard times," said the Philosopher as 
they continued their homeward walk. "Suppose we 
have something more cheerful to take us along. For 
rowing, like most other things, has its ups and 
downs, and, if you stick to it, you get compensation 
for these little annoyances in time. In fact, I doubt 
whether it's a good thing for a man to be very suc- 
cessful at the beginning of his career. A little whole- 
some adversity will keep his ideas on the subject of 
himself at the proper discount, and make his success 
all the sweeter, when it comes — and it will come if 
he deserves it." 

"Well," said the Poet, "here's a ditty to remind 
you of some more of the old days : 

When the crew's rowing well, 

When the ship's going well, 
Moving like creature alive, 

When there is nought to do 

Save what is sport to do, 
Only to swing and to drive, 

Then there^s a pleasure, lads. 

Passing all measure, lads, 
Which to the heart it reveals, 

Thing to be waited for, 

Worth being slated for, 
Only to know how it feels. 

Even and long the stroke, 

Clean, crisp, and strong the stroke. 
Gripping the water right back; 

Long, smooth, and straight the swing, 

Steady as fate the swing. 
Blades getting hold with a smack; 

No dirty finishing 

Rhythm diminishing. 
Legs working hard as a horse; 

Leaps to the lift the ship, 

Steady and swift the ship, 
Over the whole of the course. 

2^o Camus et Camilli, 

Then though the days be dark. 

Though hopes of bays be dark. 
Stick to it " steady and true : ** 

Be your stroke long enough^ 

Be your faith strong enough^ 
And you will turn out a crew. 

Then a good time will come» 

Moments sublime will come. 
Worth all the trouble bestowed. 

Words benedictory, 

Glory, and victory. 
Then you'll have really rowed.'* 

•*I was just about to remark," began the Philo- 
sopher — 

^^ Sed tain satis est philosophatumy' interrupted the 
Poet: "it's getting nearly time for luncheon." 

** Tu poeta es prorsus ad earn rem unicuSy" retorted 
the Philosopher. 

R. H. F. 


WENT into my friend Johnson's rooms the 
other day, and found him out. I don't mean 
found him out in the ordinary sense, I did 
that long ago, once and lor all ; what I mean 
here is that I found he was not in. Johnson is a very 
refined sort of person — refined people in these days 
always bear some banal name like Johnson, or Smith, 
or Boggs, the reason being, I think, that they cultivate 
refinement as a set-off against their names. 

Having helped myself to the best cigarette I could 
find, I proceeded to investigate his waste-paper basket. 
Among the heap of deceased "comps." and unpaid 
bills it contained, I found a small cardboard cigarette 
box covered with little paragraphs written in lead- 

I went away with the box and some more cigarettes. 
The cigarettes I have smoked, the notes are trans- 
cribed below, in the order of their occurrence on the 
box. I have endeavoured to discover some order in 
them, but have failed. I may mention that Johnson 
and order are not on speaking terms. The only order 
he ever has is a coal order, and that he promptly gives 

Stone walls do not a prison make, 

Nor iron bars a cage, 
Minds innocent and quiet take 
That for an hermitage. 
If I have but my cigarette, and from the bore am free. 
Angels alone that soar above enjoy such liberty. 

272 Some Cigarette Papers. 

Cigarettes are productive of a most delightful 
fegotism in conversation. They lead men to narrate the 
little incidents of their history in a most delightful 
manner — ^little incidents, scarcely stories, which make 
the narrator's personality so much clearer and so much 
more charming, drawing us closer together, fastening 
our friendship with yet another white bolt. They are 
not told in a boasting spirit — and here greatly lies the 
fcharm — but in illustration of the matter in hand, in 
perfect sincerity, and without a trace of self-assertive- 

I do not like the man who says cig. It is profane, 
it is irreverent, it is contemptuously familiar. 


The graceful sound of cigarette seems so fitting. 
The slender white-coated shaft has all the delicate 
grace of the word — this word and this work were made 
for one another. And contrast cigarette lisping gently 
from the lips with the rampant sound of cigar and the 
vulgar sound of pipe. One can imagine the fairest of 
of fair women saying, cigarette — but those other words ! 


Who could imagine an angel with a pipe! But a 
Cigarette would not soil even an angel's fingers. I 
myself have seen cigarettes in the fingers and betweeli 
the lips of the visible angels of this world! the 
Cigarettes seemed perfectly in place, and a shade more 
charming, a little hallowed. But to return to the in- 
Visible, I am sure my guardian angel indulges in 
cigarettes. I know she is kinder to me when I smoke 

The cigarette is the property of the refined man, 
cigars are too brutal, pipes too unclean. But between 
his white fingers, between his cultured lips, it finds its 
resting place, and there perishes in its rapture. 

Some Cigarette Papers. 273 

It does not load the air with heavy fumes, but sends 
up its own tiny column of dark blue smoke quickly 
towards the sky, while a slower, broader stream flows 
from the smoker's lips. 

It looks at home among his books and papers — is 
its own garment not of paper too, paper refined to the 
last degree of thinness ? 

I should define a Vandal as a person capable of 
writing a verse in which cigarette should be made to 
rhyme with you bet. 

If I were in search of a new religion, I should 
worship my cigarette, the little idol with its tiny in- 
scription in letters of gold-:— not the cigarette my own 
hands have made, but the beauty that appears in full 
perfection from I know not where, like Minerva spring-r 
ing from the head of Jove. Out of the unknown this 
charmer comes to me finished, complete, robed in 
white for its martyr-death. 

On our crusades we should bear it before us, em- 
broidered in silver on a banner of cloth of gold 
(despite the pedantry of heralds), as we went forth 
conquering and to conquer. 

And we should light up the darkest corner of the 
land with its red glow, and from the lowliest cottage 
and the greatest palace its sweet columns of incense 
should arise. 

De trop. 

A Note. 

IN the fourteenth volume of the Eagle 
(pp. 363, etc.) a brief opinion was given that 
there was something more than ordinary 
in the quality of the poetry of a member 
of the College then just deceased, William Barnes. 
Not much was said then, as the writer was quite 
aware that he might only be cherishing an Idol of the 
Cave in thinking so highly of the Dorsetshire poet. 
But last year appeared a small collection of essays by 
Mr Coventry Patmore*, in whom no such bias can be 
suspected, and this contains not only more than one 
most forcible expression of the poet-critic's opinion by 
way of obiter dictum^ but also an Essay with the 
judicial title, A Modern Classic^ Wtlltam Barnes. In an 
Essay on Distinction^ Mr Patmore speaks of Barnes 
along with Matthew Arnold, Newman, and Tennyson ; 
and, further on, he refers to a saying of Mr G. S. 
Venables that there had been " no poet of such peculiar 
perfection since Horace " : and to the " generous and 
courageous justice " done to him by Professor Palgrave. 
For himself, he says, referring to the dislike of 
"distinction" by the crowd and its favourite arbiters 
of literary taste, " Witness the fate of William Barnes, 
who, though far from being the deepest or most 
powerful, was by far the most uniformly * distin- 
guished ' poet of our time." 

• Religio Poeta^ etc. By Coventry Patmore. G. Bell & Sons, 1893. 

Poetry of William Barnes. 275 

In the Essay named, no. XIX of the collection, 
Mr Patmore explains what he means by a " Classic," 
and works up to the conclusion that it is he "in 
whose every verse poetic feeling breathes in words of 
unlaboured perfection." He elaborates this in refer- 
ence to the Dorsetshire poems by bringing out the 
perfect attainment of their aim, and the absolutely 
natural, unlaboured quality of their art. This is no 
exaggeration or distortion of judgment such as would 
be involved in calling Barnes a poet of the first 
magnitudey or even the second, but it is claimed that 
he is a poet of the first water. It is claimed 
therefore that he should have " an abiding place 
among such minor classics as Herbert, Suckling, 
Herrick, Burns, and Blake " ; and surpass him though 
every one of these may " in some point of wit, sweet- 
ness, subtlety, or force," he surpasses them all in " the 
sustained perfection of his art" and in '*the lovely 
innocence which breathes from his songs of nature 
and natural afifection?' And, finally, Mr Patmore, 
shrinking from the vulgarity and disorganisation of 
present Art, concludes his Essay with the expression of 
his opinion that Barnes may be one of the last English 
poets likely to be regarded as a classic in the sense 

There is no need for us to endorse every opinion 
expressed by Mr Patmore, either in its generality, or 
in its application to Barnes. But it may be permitted 
us to suggest to readers of the Eagle in search of a 
summer companion that they may, with every con- 
fidence of winning a source of permanent enjoyment, 
seek the friendship of this latest poet on our long roll. 

A. C. 



MUST plead guilty to having chosen the 
title of my paper before considering whether 
I had aught to say on the subject. But> 
perhaps, a title is not of much importance, 
indeed I have the support of the Master (of Brant, 
wood), in choosing a title which is hardly akin to 
my subject-matter, for I have heard that country 
shepherds are sometimes surprised when they receive 
Mr Ruskin's work On the Construction of Sheep/olds 
as a gift likely to prove acceptable. 

On proceeding to consider whether there was any 
relationship between literature and science, I found 
myself in difficulties. Looking about for a subject 
concerning which one might compare the utterances of 
the devotees of literature and of science, I fixed upon 
^ life' as being of interest to all of us. My search seemed 
to prove that the literary man looked upon things 
from an entirely different point of view to that taken 
by the labourer in the field of science, and that it 
would be hopeless on this line to attempt to trace any 
relationship between literature and science. Thus> 
whilst the poet speaks of life as "an empty dream," 
it is defined by the philosopher as " the definite com- 
bination of heterogeneous changes, both simultaneous 
and successive, in correspondence with external 
co-existences and sequences." 
This was not encouraging. 

The Relationship between L iterature and Science. 277 

After ftirther consideration, I discovered an im- 
portant relationship, hitherto overlooked. It is evident 
that literature is the rich relation who condescends 
to introduce poor science to the British Public. 
Therefore, we find that the infant is nourished with 
milk and Arabella B*ckl*y, the schoolboy dilutes 
his toflFee with Gr*nt All*n, the middle-aged man 
takes his grog- with a chapter of T*nd*ll, whilst the 
veteran is cheered into his grave by the edifying 
patter of Dr K*nns. 

It is true that there have been great scientific 
men who were also literary ; for instance, it is 
stated that the first sentence of Sir Charles Lyell's 
Principles of Geology^ with one or two verbal changes, 
makes two lines of English heroic verse. But this 
is exceptional. Moreover, little pleasure is obtained 
by discussing what is good and perfect; let us rather 
consider the efiFiisions of the tiro, for the pleasantest 
of all work is destructive criticism. 

The aspiring literary youth, pure and simple, is 
one who has nothing to say, but an agreeable way 
of saying it; whilst the future writer of scientific 
monographs and epoch-making memoirs has usually 
something to communicate, but does not know how 
to do it. How awful then must be the products of the- 
hybrid scientific-literary stripling! Let us examine 
a type. 

The populariser of science is characterised mainly by 
his scorn for the unpopular, or, I should rather say, 
super-popular scientific genius. He serves up a hash 
consisting of some quasi- scientific knowledge, a descrip- 
tion of scenery, and a certain amount of buifoonery. 
Notice his style. 

" One sunny day, as I was wandering listlessly along 
the rolling chalk-downs of southern England, conscious 
through the medium of a freshening south-westerly 
breeze that the boundless ocean, though unseen, was 
yet not afar oflF, I diverted my glance from the magnifi- 

278 The Relationship between Literature and Science. 

cent mammilated mass of cumulus cloud that, rising 
dome above dome into the serene azure, was cut off 
sharply below as by a scythe, to the sweet short turf 
beneath my feet (turf so dear to the breeder of the race- 
horse and the judge of good mutton), when my eye was 
averted by the appearance of an insignificant flower, 
which anyone but a very close observer would have 
passed unheeded. The botanist, proud of his little lore, 
would have named it the Herminium monorchism but let 
us use a good English name, and speak of the ball- 
footed bedpost plant." 

(Here will follow an inaccurate description of the 
flower, its mode of fertilisation, a few patronising 
remarks on Darwin, and a concluding paragraph 
calling attention to the wisdom of Dame Nature — 
and of the writer.) 

Very different is the style of the next author, who 
has a little knowledge of many sciences, and is hard 
on all. Listen to him crushing the geologist, as the 
most crawling of earthly worms : — 

" And of scientists, to use one of the words which 
have sprung up around the false prophets of Nature, 
surely the most ignoble is the geologist. Ignoble not 
in his calling, but in his methods. For thrown amongst 
.scenes that should purify, and amidst surroundings that 
should elevate, he wilfully rejects the pearl of great 
price, and wallows in the mire of ignorance. Him, 
alone amongst? men, have I tried to instruct in vain. 
He has turned aside from the mighty crystal of the 
Matterhorn, and the perfect pellucidity of the agate, 
and devoted his time to palaeontology, and so since 
the days of J* D. Forbes, no geologist has rightly 
delineated mountain form, and none has taken up my 
challenge, and accounted, as I the humblest of students 
have done, for the variations of crystal-architecture in 
a mass of silver. Therefore geology, which with 
anatomy should share in the glory of being the science 
of the study of beauty (for the curve of the mountain- 

Tie Relationship between Literature and Science. 2 79 

slope and the curve of the girlish figure each contains 
the perfect embodiment of loveliness, that is of love), 
geology, [ say, is of no account, and the geologist, who 
should be uplifted above his fellows, is abased; wit- 
ness the words of the seer : 

' Soine drill and bore 

The solid earth, and from the strata there 

Extract a register, by which we learn 

That He who made it and revealed its date 

To Moses, was mistaken in its age.' 
Notice the expression, " extract a register." Nothing 
of poetry, nothing of harmony, nothing of love, — naught 
is extracted save a meaningless collection of facts over 
which men cackle and dispute, as fowls on a dust-heap. 
Woe unto you geologists, who, for the sounding of 
hammer and tinkling of chisel, hear not the voice of 

Many other ways of introducing science to the 
people might be noted, as for example that of the 
Extension Lecturer with his syllabus, lantern, and per- 
suasive eloquence ; but he deserves a paper to himself, 
I will end with one method of popularising science 
which has, I believe, a great future before it. It is the 
statement of scientific facts in doggerel rhyme. It has 
long been dear to us as an easy medium for conveying a 
requisite knowledge of Paley's Evidences^ and has been 
otherwise utilised ; but as a method of teaching science, 
it has not received the attention it deserves. As this is 
probably the most degrading mode of instructing the 
public in the truths of science, I need not apologise for 
quoting a short didactic effusion of my own, written for 
this purpose, and with this will bring my paper to a 

Pre-historic Peeps in Cambridge. 

When Camus did once quickly travel, 
Instead of mud, he carried gravel, 
(Whilst now, in times of fiercest flood 
He carries nought but murky mud). 

2 8o The Relationship between L iterature and Science. 

No gutter then through slimy flats 
Did ooze surcharged with freight of cats ; 
A fiver flowing 'midst the hills 
Received as tribute sparkling rills. 
The hills resounded with the bellow 
Of Urus challenging his fellow; 
Aroused from slumber by the Bos, 
Came forth the huge Rhinoargs ; 
The Mammoth with his gleaming tusk 
Crashed through the foliage at dusk; 
Whilst man, amongst this frightful horde 
Was then, as now, Creation's lord; 
Though some there are who would dispute 
His claims as lord of fowl and brute. 
'Tis true, the beasts on which he preyed 
Received no thrust from metal blade — 
Indeed man could not polish stone, 
But splintered bits of flint and bone, 
And, taking 'vantage of the cracks, 
Made pre-historic spear and axe. 
For details of bis home and dress 
(The latter scanty) ; evening mess 
Of mammoth-pottage ; love and hate ; 
His views concerning future state; 
The ways in which his foes were smitten ; 
See Dawkins, Early Man in Britain, 

X. Tkeme. 


(Read at a meeting of "The Critics" on May 19, 1894.) 

DO not know if my readers share the difficulty 
with myself of transporting thoughts, mental 
notes of the proportion of history, at a 
moment's notice, as Mr Anstey's theosophist 
said that he could his body, many thousand miles. I 
am alarmed to think with what untoward brevity all 
the most important cardinal-points of the world's ages 
fade into shocking indefiniteness, till one comes to 
believe that the story books with their * in days of old ' 
are really the best teachers of method for acquiring 
history, in preference to such painful masters of chrono- 
logical exactitude, as, for example, the Welsh genealo- 
gists, who are proud to inscribe on the margin of their 
family-tree a remark that at this period the Flood 

And if history so plays the cheat, I confess that in 
geography I, for one, am no better. I do not mean 
that, with the subject well-prepared, it does not seem 
incredible not to know the number of miles from San 
Francisco to the Cape, but the merest divergence of 
interest will drive such knowledge away, and one feels 
inclined to reply to such enquiries with the Father of 
History that though one has been told, one would not 
willingly mention. 

Things are worse when the subject so described can, 
in no human probability, become part of one's visual 
experiences. So that the laugh — to come to the matter 

282 Hajiz, 

immediately in hand — is all with such men as Sir John 
Malcolm, or Professor Palmer, or Mr E. G. Browne of 
Pembroke, the first chapter of whose Year among the 
Persians is as good reading for a Cambridge man, what- 
ever be his course of study, as, to my knowledge, can be 
found anyw)iere; or the Hon George Curzon, whose 
encyclopaedic work on Persia does equal honour to a 
sister University. Listen to these * travellers' tales,' to 
a page, and that an introductory one, taken at random 
from such writers as these: — "Resuming my journey 
at Teheran the opportunity will await us," it runs, " of 
seeing something of a Court whose splendour is said 
to have formerly rivalled that of the great Mogul, of a 
Government which is still, with the exception of China, . 
the most oriental in the East, and of a city which unites 
the unswerving characteristics of an Asiatic capital' with 
the borrowed trappings of Europe. Thence the high 
road — only ninety miles of which is a road in any 
known sense of the word — will lead us across the suc- 
cessive partitions of the great plateau, possessing a 
mean elevation of 4,000 to 5,000 feet above the sea, that 
occupies the heart of Persia; and whose manifold 
mountain ridges intervene, like the teeth of a saw, 
between the northern and southern seas. In the plains 
of greater or less extent lying at their base we shall 
find, in the shape of large but ruined cities, the visible 
records of faded magtiificence, of unabashed misrule, 
and of internal decay. Kum, from behind its curtain 
of fanaticism and mystery, will reveal the glitter of the 
golden domes that overhang the resting place of saints 
and the sepulchre of kings. Isfahan, with its wreck of 
fallen palaces, its acres of wasted pleasaunce, its storeyed 
bridges, that once rang beneath the tread of a population 
numbered at 650,000, will tell a tale of deeper pathos, 
although in its shrill and jostling marts we may still 
observe evidence of mercantile activity and a prospering 
international trade. Shiraz, which once re-echoed the 
blithe anacreontics of Hafiz, and the more demure 

Hafiz. 283 

J)hilosophy of Sadi, preserves and cherishes the poets' 
graves , but its merry gardens, its dancing fountains, 
and its butterfly existence have gone the way of the 
singers who sang their praises, and are now only a 
shadow and a .lament. In this neighbourhood, and in 
eloquent juxtaposition to these piles of modern ruin, 
occur at intervals the relics of a grander imagination 
and a more ancient past. Here on the plain still stands 
the white marble mausoleum that, in all probability, 
once held the gold coffin and the corpse of Cyrus. At 
no great distance the rifled sepulchre of Darius gapes 
from its chiselled hollow in the scarp of a vertical cliff. 
Opposite, the princely platform of Persepolis lifts its 
dwindling columns, and amid piles of diiris displays 
the sculptured handiwork that graced the palace of 
Xerxes and the halls of Artaxerxes."* 

It is something, when the secretaries of our India 
ofl&ce can write like that. But the truth is, there is a 
fascination about the Far East, which has exerted itself 
over some of the greatest thinkers. It is so different 
from what has been described as our '^ multitudinous 
detail," our ^' secular stability and the vast average of 
comfort" of the West.f Goethe himself, just about the 
time that Europe was to undergo its final Napoleonic con- 
vulsion, the year before Waterloo, turned to the East for 
inspiration, and set about his Wesl-ostltche Diwan : and 
it bears the mark of the time, for Timur is Napoleon 
himself. Goethe was followed by Rtickert and Platen. 
But it is a matter of national pride that in this the English 
had already anticipated them, in the pages of Forster. 
Goethe, I have said, was absorbed in the study by 18 14 
— 18 15 ; we here may be forgiven for remembering that 
three years earlier a member of this college had landed 
in Shiraz. The pages of Emerson are replete with 
tributes to the genius of the East. Victor Hugo, though 
he attempted it in his OrienlaleSy did not, if the ex- 

• Curzon, Persia, I. 9, 10. f Euierson, Pertian Poitry, p. 174. 

VOL. XVlil. P P 

284 Hafiz' 

pression in its double sense may be permitted, arrive 
so far. Nor must we omit Lamartine. The influence 
of the East may be found in Calderon and Brahms. 
In our own country Robert Browning did much, and 
Mr George Meredith in a book that some of us will for- 
bear to characterize yields to the charm. 

I hasten to set the minds of my readers at rest by 
stating at once that I have no intention of giving them 
even in the tersest phrases a sketch of Persian History. 
The painful student will find no less than 100 pages of 
the latest edition of the EncyclopcBdia devoted to that 
time and country. Most of us have sold our Xenophons, 
though Herodotus is still with us. But it will not, I 
think, be out of place to devote a few words to Shiraz, 
the city of Hafiz, and then without more ado we will 
ring up the curtain and begin. 

The traveller who shall have passed through the 
Strait of Ormuz intO' the Persian Gulf will -find him- 
self taken 500 miles up the eastern coast to the 
Port of Bushire, if that can be called Port which 
is unworthy of the name,* and Bushire, which is 
separated by only 170 miles from Shiraz. But — and 
it is refireshing to come across any place that is not 
connected nowadays with every other by railway nor 
posting road — these 170 miles must be covered by 
caravan. They consist of a series of parallel ridges 
which from their character and steepness may almost 
be characterised as ladders, and which rise to a height 
of over 7,000 feet above the Persian Gulf. The island 
communication of Shiraz, it is consoling to think, is 
easier; and the 600 miles of road connecting Shiraz 
with Isfahan, Kashan, Kum, and Teheran may be 
managed, in Mr Curzon's words, as fast as spur, 
bridle, and horsehoof can forward the traveller.! The 
sea route which I have indicated is the one used by 

• Curzon, i 46. f lb. i 4^—7. 

Hafiz, 285 

all visitors coming from India and by all Indian and 
£nglish*merchandise going as far north as Isfahan* 

Shiraz itself lies in a valley about ten miles in 
width by thirty in length:* Shiraz, of which Sadi 
has said that ' it turns aside the heart of the traveller 
from his native land.'f The Zerghun gateway con- 
sists of a fortification completely stretching across the 
pass from mountain to mountain, and in the upper 
storey of the gateway over the arch is a chamber con- 
taining, upon a desk, a colossal copy of the Koraa 
said to weigh eight tons, of which it is popularly 
believed that if one leaf- were removed it would equal 
in weight the entire volume.} From the gate to the 
city walls is now bare and desolate, though once very 
different. One hundred and twenty years ago the- 
population stood at 50,000. It is now from 20,000 ta 
30,000 only. The histories relate that it was founded 
in A.D. 694, exactly 1,200 years ago; but it must really 
be much older. A legend of the Three Kings, wha 
in Marco Polo's days were reputed to have started 
from here, is so good, that I am sorry I must not stop. 
to repeat it. But Herbert speaks thus of the city, and 
is approved by its latest historian: 

" Here art magick was first hatched ; here Nimrod 
for some time lived ; here Cyrus, the most excellent of 
Heathen Princes, was born ; and here (all but his head,, 
which was sent to Pisigard) intombed. Here the Great 
Macedonian glutted his avarice and Bacchism. Here- 
the first Sibylla sung our Saviour's incarnation. Hence- 
the Magi are thought to have set out towards Beth- 
lehem, and here a series of 200 Kings have swayed 

their scepters."§ (i^^7)- 

As early as 1330 it was famous. Ibn Batuta speaks 
of the tomb here of Abn Abdullah, who wandered 
about Ceylon with a sanctity so well established that it 
was recognised by the elephants. The city grew and 

• lb. ii 95. t lb. 93. X lb. 94. i lb. 96. 

28« Hafiz. 

grew, so that in later days the vain -glorious saying' 
arose, ' When Shiraz was Shiraz, Cairo was one of its 
suburbs.' In 1474 the Italian Angiolello numbered its 
inhabitants at 200,000. Yet by 1668, thanks to in<- 
lindation and earthquakes, the city was little better 
than a ruin. About 1770 it was entirely rebuilt of 
stone. The Kajars pulled all this down and rebuilt - 
it again in mud. Though regarded as a princedom 
for a son of the Shah, the Shah himself has never 
visited Shiraz in all his long reign. Mr Curzou 
describes its Ark, and Old Palace, the audience 
chamber of which is now occupied by the Indo^ 
fiuropean and Persian Telegraph office. Its bazaar 
is the finest in Persia. Shiraz wine and Shiraz tobacco, 
which are both so famous, are completely consumed, 
9ays Mr Curzon, at home ; the tobacco sold as Shiraz 
elsewhere coming from other districts. Some old 
Shiraz wine which he drank, be tells us, was by far 
the best he tasted in Persia. Let my hearers not 
think that I am wandering far from my text. * Xhesa 
Shirazi characteristics are, as we shall see, of im«> 
portance. But to return to our wine : * It is incredible,' 
says another traveller, 'to see what quantities they 
drink at a merry meeting, and how unconcerned the 
next day they appear, and brisk about their Business, 
and will quaff you thus a whole week together.'* 
Among natural products especially mentioned are 
moss-roses and the nightingale, which seems to be 
precisely similar to our English bird. The real life 
of Shiraz indeed was always chiefly in its gardens, 
an out-of-door life, a sort of perennial May Week. ' In 
^11 my life,' said Herbert in the 17th century, *l 
never saw people more jocund and less quarrelsome." 

Just one -word on these gardens that Hafiz loved 
so much. ' From the outside, a square or oblong 
enclosure is visible, enclosed by a high mud wall, 

♦ IJ), S, 100— I. 

Hafiz. 287 

over the top of which appears a dense bouquet of 
trees. The interior is thickly planted with lofty 
pyramidal cypresses, broad spreading chenawrs, tough 
elm, straight ash, knotty pines, fragrant masticks, 
kingly oaks, sweet myrtles, useful maples. They 
are planted down the sides of long alleys, admitting 
of no view but a vista, the surrounding plots 
being a jungle of bushes and shrubs. Water courses 
along in channels or is conducted into tanks. Some- 
times the gardens rise in terraces to a pavilion at the 
summit, whose reflection in a pool below is regarded as 
a triumph of landscape gardening. There are no neat 
walks, or shaped flower-beds, or stretches of sward. 
All is tangled and untrimmed. Such beauty as arises 
from shade and the purling of water is all that a 
Persian requires. Here he comes with a party, or his 
family, or his friends ; they establish themselves under 
the trees, and, with smoking, and tea-drinking and 
singing, wile away the idle hour.' In a typical one, 
such as I have described, the traveller comes upon the 
tomb of an English explorer — ^perhaps an ideal resting- 
place to some. In another you may come across 
'closely-veiled Persian ladies, waddling along like 
bales of blue cotton set up on end ' after spending an 
agreeable afternoon in the shade, f 

One mile from the town in a north-easterly direction, 
just under the mountains, lies the tomb of Sadi, who, 
with the subject of my paper, shares the chiefest 
honours of this town. Nearer the city, and on the out- 
skirts of its northern suburbs, in a cemetery crowded 
with Moslem graves, surrounded by a frail iron railing, 
visited by bands of admiring pilgrims, is the last 
resting-place-^I take shelter behind the deliberate 
words of a man who is nowise given to exaggeration, 
the Indian statesman to whose most statesmanlike book 
I have alluded— * the resting-place of a national hero 

U>- ll -l 'i ■■ 

♦ lb. 103. tib. 105. 

288 Hafiz. 

and the object of adoration to millions/* the tomb of 

What is the kernel, if such be the husk \ 


It will be convenient to bear in mind five dates. The 
death of Mahomet took place in 632. Nearly 400 years 
later, in 1020, died Firdusi, * the unhappy and sublime 
Michael Angelo of Persian history.' Not quite a hun- 
dred years later, in 11 16, Nizami was born, and the 
date of his death brings us to A.D. 1200. Sadi died in 
1292. The year of the birth of Hafiz is unknown, but 
he died either in 1388, or, as his tomb declares, in 1391. 
His boyhood therefore fell in the last years of Dante's 
life, and he succeeds Sadi by almost exactly a century. 
The 15th century is represented by Jami (1414 — 1492). 
There was one more poet, and then the seals were 
set. — Mahomet, Firdusi, Sadi, Hafiz, Jami.f It may 
be worth pointing out that Omar Khayyam comes be- 
tween Firdusi and Sadi (1050 — 1123). 

As little is known, it has well been said,} of the life 
of Hafiz, as is known of Shakespeare's. He seems to 
have lived in quiet retirement and literary ease. He 
studied poetry and theology, and mystic philosophy, 
and enrolled himself in an order of dervishes. He 
studied the Koran to such an extent that a college 
was specially founded for him in which he held the 
post of Professor, even as a prefecture for Horace: 
and it is from his devotion to the Koran, in fact, that he 
owes his sobriquet^ for Hafiz merely means "one who 
remembers" and is technically applied to any person who 
has learned the Koran by heart. The restraints of 
asceticism were little to his taste, and his * loose conduct 
and wine-bibbing propensities ' drew on him the censure 
of his colleagues : with what result we shall see. Several 

• Ih, 109. t Quarterly Review, Jan. 1892. J A/fltf»«7/fl«'jJl/fl^a«/*«/,xxx. 
452 (by Prof. Cowell). 

Hafiz. ■ 289 

monarchs during his lifetime invited him to go and see 
them ; one in the South of India, .and Hafiz actually 
set out. Crossing the Indus he passed through Lahore 
to Ormuz, and embarked on a vessel specially sent for 
him. He seems, .however, to have been a bad sailor, 
and having invented an excuse for being put on shore,* 
Hafiz wrote an ode which is still preserved, and gave 
it to his friends to give to the Vazir. He himself had 
had enough of the sea and made the best of his way 
back to Shiraz. There are a few more anecdotes, true 
and apocryphal, nothing more. 

Hafiz's poems are all ostensibly about love and 
wine. Sir W. Jones called him "the Anacreon of 
Persia." But all Persian poetry has a sufi or mystical 
character. It is the old question of the Song of Songs. 
As to the character, literal or mystical, of Hafiz's poetry, 
erudite Persians still dispute.f The subject is somewhat 
beyond the limits of this paper.} 


The form of the ghazal^ in which Hafiz wrote, is 
well known. It is an ode which must not exceed 
seventeen couplets and is usually compressed in seven 
or eight. The first two lines rhyme, and this rhyme 
recurs at the end of every alternate remaining one, 
the intermediate one being left free. The couplets 
are left free and need have no connexion. They are 
mere pearls on a string. But the last couplet always 
introduces the poet's name. The ghazals themselves 
are arranged alphabetically according to the initial 

• EncycL Brit, Ed. IX. But we also MacmillarCs Magazine, loc, cit.^ 
p. 253. 

t Curzon. ii. 106. 

X •* What room for How and Why, when God is wise,*' says Hafiz. The 
most concise key to Oriental Mysticism, as far as I am aware, will be found 
in E. H. Palmer's Work, bearing that title {Oriental Mysticism, Cambridge, 


ago Hafiz. 

letter, so forming a Dtwan. Here is one ghazal that 
is both typical and-perfect : 

"If the hand of thy musk-^cented tresses hath sinned 
against me, and if the dark mole of thy cheek hath been 
heartless to me, gone is gone! 

If the lightning of love hath destroyed the harvest of the 
poor wool-garbed dervish, or if the tyranny of a mighty king 
hath injured the beggar, gone is gone I 

If a heart hath been oppressed by the glance of the beloved 
who hath it in keeping, or if aught hath marred the concord 
between lover and loved one, gone is gone I 

If complaints have been spread abroad by the tale-bearers, 
or if among comrades aught unfitting hath been spoken, gone is 

On the highway of love should be no heart-bmi^ing : — ^bring 
me wine I When aught that was impure has become pure again^ 
gone is gone ! 

In the game of love, patience is needful: be strong, my 
heart 1 If there was heart-pain, if there was cruelty, gone is 

O preacher, be not eloquent on the backslidings of Hafiz, 
who hath escaped from the cloister. Who shall bind the foot 
of the freeman ? Gone is gone." 

Indeed Hafiz is no stickler for compromising 
measures. " If my heart draws me to the musk-scented 
grape," he says, "so be it! From austerity and 
hypocrisy cometh no sweet smell." Still more 
gracefully he pens his own independence, " I am the 
slave of his will," he says " who, under the azure vault 
is free from the colour of submission." And twice 
again he speaks ; " Where do they sell the wine which 
overcometh the Sufi? for I am consumed with anger 
at the hypocrisy of the devotee ! " " The flame of 
hypocrisy and deceit will consume the harvest of 
religion. O Hafiz I throw aside thy woollen garments 
and go thy ways." And Hafiz knows his own worth, 
and the value of the immortality he is conferring. " The 
poet," he says, " conveys your favours to the end of the 

Hafiz. 291 

world : do not withold from him allowance and provision 
for the journey." " Hafiz, thou art a monarch in the 
kingdom of speech ; every moment thou achievest 
victories in the plain of words." The last is more 
daring. '^ In the dawn there is a tumult around God's 
throne, and Wisdom calleth aloud, 'It is the angelic 
Choir which chanteth the verse of Hafiz.' " 

A high f)lace must be found, even by his worst 
detractors, for such of his verses as deal, without any 
question of interpretation, on religion. "Every gift 
of happiness which God hath bestowed ofl Hafiz," he 
says at the end of one ghazal, " hath been the reward 
of the nightly prayer and the morning supplication." 
** The bird of my heart is a sacred bird," he begins the 
next, " whose nest is the throne of God ; tired of its 
Gage of the body, it is weary of the way of the world." 

" If once the bird of the soul flieth from this pit, it findeth 
its resting-place again only at the gate of that palace. 

And when the bird of my heart soareth upward, its place is 
the tallest tree ^ for know that our falcon indeth rest only on 
the top of the throne. . • . 

In both worlds its home is the bower of highest sphere ; 
Its body is from the pit/ but its soul is limited to no place." 

" We are neither hypocritical revellers, nor the com- 
panions of the deceitful," he says in another ode. " He 
to whom no secrets are hidden is aware of this." 

•* We discharge all our duties, and do wrong to no 
man," he adds in Whitman's vein — " whatever we are 
told is unlawful, we say not that it is lawful." 

" The heart is a screen behind which He hideth His love : 
His eye is the glass which refiecteth His face. 

I who would not bend my head to both worlds, yield my 
neck to the yoke of His mercies. . . • 

" What should I do within that holy place wherein the wind 
is the screen of the shrine of His sanctity I *' 

We touch ground again in the next. "I was 
amazed," he says, "when I discovered last night cup 
VOL. xvm. Q Q 

292 Hafiz. 

and jug beside Hafiz ; but I said no word, for he used 
them in Sufi manner." 

Into his attacks on the Sufis we need not follow 
him. It is ever the same reformer's cry — They practise 
not what they preach. "O Lord," he cries, "mount 
this band of braggarts on the backs of asses, for all 
this pride they have taken from their slaves and mules." 


We shall do well to leave this line and follow 
Hafiz into his own province, for he is, of course, 
more especially a love-poet. " The court of Love is 
a great deal higher than wisdom," he writes. "The 
eyebrow of my beloved alone is my Mecca ; what has 
this distracted heart to do with the Place of the 
Pilgrimage ? " 

"In the school of truth, in the presence of the masters 
of love, work unceasingly, my son, that thou mayest one 
day become a master. Wash thyself clean from the dross of 
the body, that thou mayest find the alchemy of love and be 
transformed into gold." 

" We have never read the story of Alexander and Darius,'* 
be writes, " ask of us no tale but that of love and loyahy/' 

" Bow thyself down in adoration, O angel, at the door of the 
tavern of love, for therein is kneaded the clay from which man- 
kind hath been moulded." 

"My heavenly guide, help me in this sacred journey, for to 
the wilderness of love no end is visible." 

''If others are glad and joyous in pleasure and delight, love 
for the beloved is the source of delight to us." 

Hafiz can be incisive: "In form and face my 
beloved is the queen of the world. Would that she 
knew how to deal justice." 

His agony at separation is heartrending. " I com- 
plain every moment of the hand of separation. I 
weep if the wind does not carry the sound of my 
sighing to you." 

Hajiz. 293 

" What can I do save weep, because from thy absence I 
am in such case as I would have thy evil wishes to share. 

Day and night I drink tears and blood. Why should I 
not, since I am far from thy sight? How could I be glad 
at heart?" 

" I heard a sweet saying which was uttered by tha 
old man of Canaan: 'No tongue can express the 
sorrow of separation from the beloved ! ' " (or, according 
to another translation, * What meaneth the separation 
of friends.') " The words of the preacher proclaiming ta 
the city the dread tale of the day of resurrection are^ 
but a description of the day of separation." 

"Let no one," he cries at last, "be vexed liko 
roe, the afflicted one, by absence, for all my life ha& 
been passed in the pain of separation,"* 

And yet how buoyant he is! 

** If from thy garden I gathered a handful of flowers, what 
matter ? If before the glory of thy lamp I bent my looks to. 
my feet, what matter ? 

O Lord, if I, a sun-stained man, rested a moment beneath 
the shadow of that tall cypress,f what matter ? : 

O seal of Jamshid of mighty memories, if a gleam fron). 
thee should be cast upon my ring, what matter ^ 

The devout man wooeth the favour of the King: if X 
value more the fascination of a fair image, what matter? 

My life hath varied between wine and my beloved : if ill 
hath chanced to me from one or from the other, what matter ? 

The Master knew that I was a lover, and kept silence ;i 
and if Ha£z knowcth it likewise, what matter ? " 

Hafiz has a considerable fund of humour, though 
some perhaps may be unconsciously introduced intq^ 
him by his translators. "I often put aside the cup,," 
he writes once, " with the purpose of repentance^ but 
the glance of the cupbearer does not encourage jne." 

• About 50 tctrastichs are alone devoted to Separation. Hafiz-Buckiill, 
326 et ante, 

t The cypress is with the Orientals the type of independence.. Hafiz^ 
Bucknill, 68. 

294 Hafiz. 

^*My lamenting last night allowed no fowl or fish to 
sleep; but behold, that scornful one never unclosed 
her eyelids." " Hafiz," he cries in despair in another 
place, "finds it impossible to make a short song 
about thy tresses ; the rhyme would stretch out to 
the day of judgment/' " If the cypress become vexed 
before your stature," he adds in another mqod, " do 
not be proud. The sense of tall folk has no reputa^ 
tion." '*The tongue, the reed of Hafiz, will never 
reveal thy secret to the crowd ^ long as thy lover 
loseth not his head." "Perhaps the cupbearer hath 
bestowed on Hafiz more than his share, for the tassel 
of his turban is disordered." 

The expressions of Hafiz are at least emphatic. 
^*In that place, where they drink to the memory of 
her beauty, vile would be the reveller who should 
retain consciousness." Occasionally he outdoes him- 
jself. " O Hafiz," he writes, " it is well that in thy 
pursuit of union, thine eye may make an ocean of 
tears and thyself be swallowed up in it." 

As strong in the soul of Hafiz must have been the 
craving for Friendship. "From the street of my 
friend bloweth the soft breeze of the Dawning Year, 
with whose help, if thou wishest it, thou mayest light 
the lamp pf thine own heart." And Friendship, as 
it did with Giorgione, became imperceptibly com-s 
iningled with Music. "I want a pleasant friend," 
}ie writes, "and music with an instrument, so that I 
piay give out my grief with bass and treble tone." 
To his taste for Music I shall return: but the ex-r 
periences of Hafiz in the Court of Friendship arQ 
worth note. If shows how deep in the human heart 
)ie sounded. 

" My cpmrades," he says, " have so torn the covenant of 
friendship that thou wouldst imagiqe that friendship itself 
)iad never existed, I do not see friendship any more. When 
0id friendship come to an end ? What has become pf th^ 
companions ? 

Hafiz. 295 

The water of life became darkened : where is auspicious- 
footed Khizr? Blood runs from the branch of the rose: 
what word of the wind of spring ? 

Thousands of roses blossom, and the song of not a single 
bird is heard. What has become of the nightingales? 

It is years sii^ce a royal ruby came from the mine of 
humanity. What has become of the heat of the sun, and of 
the travail of the cloud and rain ? 

Love does not touch the lyre : is that harp bunjt ? Nq 
one has a lust for drunkenness : what has befallen wine- 
bibbers ? 

Who says that friends observe the due of friendship ? 
What has become of the grateful ? What has become of 
friends ? 

The ball of divine grace and munificence is thrown on 
the ground. No one appears in the field : what has become 
of the horsemen ? 

Hafiz ! no one knows the secrets of God, Be sileut. Why 
4o you ask what happens in the whirl of time ? " 

It is not the first time that one has felt the 
jresemblance of Hafiz to the writers of the Psalms, 

**0 comrade of my heart, from whom all remembrance 
of thy friends has passed away, may no day ever come in 
which 1 sit for a moment without thought of thee." 

On reading such passages as these I find myself 
murmuring with A Kempis — " Whosoev$r loves krums 
the cry of this voice** 

I have alluded to Hafiz's taste for music. Two 
or three lines will suffice to illustrate it. " That the 
minstrels may tell thee of my desire for thee," he 
says, " I send thee my words and my ghazals, with 
music and with instruments." "What manner of 
Bong hath the master of music given forth, that he 
hath woven into his singing the voice of the beloved ?" 
Hafiz's measures seem to have been summary, to say 
the least. ''As the harp spoke much which was 
jniserafele, cut its chord, that it may not cry again/' 

2g6 Hafiz. 

"Do not grieve for the revolution of time, that it 
wheeled thus and thus. Touch the lute in peace." 

Hafiz's feeling for landscape is no less worthy of 
remark. "The garden of Paradise is pleasant," he 
says, "but take heed that thou countest as gain the 
shade of the willow and the border of the field." 
" Every leaf in the field is a volume of a different kind : 
it were evil to thee if thou couldst be unmindful of 
them all." *.* Why should not the beggar deem himselt 
a monarch to-day? his canopy the passing meadow, 
his palace the skirt of the clouds** " Sweet is the rose, 
and sweet the green border of the stream ; alas, that 
this pleasure should be so fleet ! " " Every rose which 
painteth the meadow is a sign of the beauty and odour 
of His beneficence. From the cheek of a cup-bearer, 
radiant as the moon, gather a rose; for around the 
edge of the garden the violet dawns." " We beheld the 
fresh dawn on thy cheek, and we came from the garden 
of Paradise seeking the grass of love." 

What imagery it is! "The nightingale slew him- 
self through jealousy, because the rose wooed the 
wind in the hour of dawn," he writes. "Thy small 
sweet mouth is, perhaps, the signet of Solomon, for 
the impression of the ring of its ruby lip keeps the 
world under its seal." 

What a strange medley it is : — fatalism and prayer 
and blind adoration. Sentences come tumbling out, 
helter-skelter, something after this fashion, in rapidly 
turning over the book : 

" Do not allow me to be buried in the dust on the 
day of my death ; convey me to the tavern and throw 
me into the cask of wine." "Be content with what 
thou hast received, and smooth thy frowning fore- 
head, for the door of choice is not open either to 
thee or me." 

" How seek the way that leadeth to our wishes ? 
By renouncing our wishes. The crown of excellence 
is renunciation." 

Hafiz. 297 

*' Grieve not, Hafiz, in the corner of poverty, and in 
the loneliness of dark nights while there remaineth 
to thee prayer and the reading of the Koran." " Stain 
the very prayer-carpet with wine, if the Host of the 
House command thee." 

" Thou didst pass by in thy intoxication, and angels 
came forth to gaze at thee with the tumult of the day 
of resurrection." 

** In this fantastic abode take nothing but the cup ; 
in this House of Illusion do not play any game but 

" In the dawn of morning I confided to the breeze 
the story of my longings ; and it returned to me a 
response, * Have faith in the compassion of the Lord.' " 

Of the touches in which we find, if the expression 
is permitted, the traces of Shakespeare, of Blake*, of 
Browning — ^to name three — I cannot speak at length. 
Nor can I dwell now on other shades in this short 
character-sketch, in order to show how deeply human, 
how wide-eyed he is. His liberalism, his optimism, 
his pessimism, his condensed thought; the real 
modesty of the man in the midst of his astounding 
apparent conceit ; the modern feeling of so much of 
his verse, his ideals: — all these I must leave in one 
single hint. 

Sir W. Jones called him as we saw the Anacreon 
of Persia. Prof. Palmer, writing in the Eagle in the 
sixties, with more truthfulness called him the Persian 
Horace. Emerson, in calling him the Poet's poet^ 
has less happily invited a comparison with Spenser : 
but he is no Spenser. I confess that in all English 
literature I can find no satisfactory parallel, save, 

• He writes, «The sun is wine and the moon the cup. Four the 
sun into the moon." 

igS Hajiz. 

perhaps, Herrick, and Herrick lacks the majesty- 
lacks so largely the pathos of Hafiz.* 

I have chosen him for my subject because during 
the last few months, in fact ever since the new trans- 
lation appeared, I have maintained that a book had 
at last arisen which was worthy of and demanded a 
home on the library shelf next to the tiny quarto 
volume of translations by Edward Fitzgerald from 
Omar Khayyam andjami.f 

I have left Hafiz ; but a page from Sir J. Malcolm's 
Sketches of Persia will most aptly bring me to a close. 
" Hafiz has the singular good fortune of being praised 
alike by saints and sinners. His odes are sung by 
the young and the joyous, who, by taking them in 
the literal sense, find nothing but an excitement to 
pass the spring of life in the enjoyment of the world's 
luxuries; while the contemplative sage, considering 
this poet as a religious enthusiast, attaches a mystical 
meaning to every line, and repeats his odes as he would 
an orison. At the time erf* his death there were many 
who deemed his work sinful and impious. These 
went so far as to arrest the procession of his funeral. 

* For independence of mind, for hb outspoken language, for the point of 
▼iew from which he regards life, for his combination of the scholar and 
the unbridled man of passion, I may be forgiven if I see a kinship indeed 
with one, and that Landor. 

" I ttroTe with none, for none were worth my strife ; 
Nature I loved, and, next to nature, art ; 
I wanned both hands before the fire of life ; 
It sinks, and I am ready to depart.*' 
The lines might have been written by Hafiz. 

I am indebted to Mr A. J. Chotzner for pointing out to me the 
resemblance of Hafiz to Herrick. 

t The Translation to which I allude and from which all the greater 
pnrt of the quotations given in this paper is drawn, is by Mr Justin H. 
McCarthy (Nutt, 1893). It costs merely a few shillings. 

The somewhat startling resemblance of sdme of these translations to 
others privately published by the late Mr S. Robinson of Wilmslow, in a 
volume Persian Poetry for English Readers^ calls for remark. It is only 
fair to Mr McCarthy to say that in nearly every case he has improved the 
translation, at least in point of literary style. 

Hafiz. 299 

The dispute rose high» and the parties were likely 
to come to blows, when it was. agreed that a/<i/, or lot, 
should be taken from his book. If that were favour- 
able to religion, his friends were to proceed; but if 
calculated to promote vice, they promised not to 
carry his body to the sacred ground appropriated for 
its reception. 

The volume of odes was produced, and it was 
opened by a person whose eyes were bound. Seven 
pages were counted back, when the heaven-directed 
finger pointed to one of his inspired stanzas : 

*' Withdraw not your steps from the obsequies of Hafiz : 
Though immersed in sin he will rise into paradise." 

The admirers of the poet shouted with delight, 
and those who had doubted joined in carrying his 
remains to a shrine near Shiraz, where, from that day 
to this, his tomb is visited by pilgrims of all classes 
and ages. 

Traits such as these which I have named have 
gained for Hafiz from a recent writer the title of 
"the greatest of all Eastern Poets." Into such 
adjudication of claims I am neither competent nor 
willing to enter. To the greatness of Sadi I have 
paid my tribute elsewhere. Let us not be burdened 
with more words now. Jami himself shall step in 
with his name of Hafiz's praise — "The Tongue of 
the Unseen," he called him, on account of the 
spiritual knowledge displayed in his writings. Let 
us take leave of Hafiz and Sadi, laid in their eastern 
tombs. Sadi and Hafiz — No wonder that in Shiraz 
men still preserve their graves. No wonder that in 
the history of that city, their names are indissoluble 
from its own. 

C. E. S. 





HE Imperial Idea is in our midst : witness the 
eloquence of statesmen and the * aery domes 
and towers ' of the Imperial Institute. 

And what does this Idea imply? I 
answer, a Federated Empire, Free Trade throughout the 
whole English territory, and a Parliament which shall 
adequately represent the whole. The material induce- 
ment is increase — or, at least, maintenance — of Com- 
merce: the spiritual basis is the Brotherhood of 
Englishmen, or rather (for this the Imperial Idea must 
come to acknowledge as its necessary root) the Brother- 
hood of all included within the bounds of the Empire, 

What else than Brotherhood can give a real unity ? 
Proclamations by the one sovereign, statues of her set 
up throughout her dominions, her image impressed on 
coins and postage-stamps, cordons of military force— 
these all do much for unity : but these will surely fail 
unless they are accompanied by evident tokens of 
goodwill, shown in (this being its necessary sphere) the 
friendly dealings of Englishmen with one another, 
though *' broad seas " roll between, and of Englishmen 
with their fellow-subjects of every race. 

Now to us who are thoughtful members of the Church 
the conviction comes that the only Gospel which shows 
care for a man completely — his spirit and his body — 
the thoroughly unselfish Gospel, is that of Christ, and 
that it is His Church upon which, above all, the duty 
falls of bringing the world into One True Fellowship. 

The first step towards this grand end will be for the 

The Sojourn of Home-Clergy in the Colonies. 301 

Church to realise her mission. Can this * first step ' be 
taken as effectively in any other way as it can by the 
sojourn abroad of clergy who have been trained at home ? 
The character of their home-training, it so happens — the 
very fact of their having come from home — will 
peculiarly fit them for this special work. 

It is the hope of an old Johnian that members of the 
College who are — or hope to be — ordained will take 
these words to heart, and haying had, as he had, three 
years (at least) of parochial experience at home, and 
being still young and prepared to rough it, try, as ho 
did, a Colonial field. Their new experience they, will 
find most valuable : the calls to " hardness ^ and wider 
responsibility are in themselves exhilarating physically 
and spiritually: the broader effects, if this plan of 
sojourn became general, would seem to be of the im- 
portant nature just sketched out. There is nothing 
more delightful after the dialectic atmosphere of class- 
rooms and libraries, and (say) the unenchanting 
monotony of a mining village, than an open-air life — 
largely in the saddle — in a wide Australian district; 
the writer's was 100 miles long by 50 wide. The fine 
spring-days in the bush, the hearty greetings of the 
people, the well-attended services, the constant variety 
in traversing so wide an area, are now memories of 
delight — perhaps one might add, carry with them 
regrets that they are past* The sojourner in this case 
found it harder to return than to go ! But his venture 
will lead to the end it was taken for, if it leads others to. 
contribute their quota to this plan of sojourn. 

The Imperial Idea is good : but the means of effecting 
what is best in it — the means of effecting a deeper and. 
wider fellowship — is the Gospel of the Catholic Church, 
Above the *aery domes and towers' of the Imperial 
Institute there rise the bulwarks of the City of God. 

W. M. Teape, 

Late PrUst'in-charge of the SM, Mission^ Diocese of AdelaieUx 


To the Ediiors of the ' Eagle: 

Ijlwford Rectory, 


May 24, 1894, 

Dear Sirs, 

The last Dumber of the Eagle contained an interesting 
account of the late Dean Merivale* The subjoined inscription 
in his handwriting is at the beginning of the Register of 
Baptisms of the Parish of Lawford, and may possibly be 
interesting to some of your readers, 






C. M. Kal, Jan. MDCCciaiii, 

I am, Sir, 

Faithfully yours^ 



Ths Honorable and Very Rev George Herbert. 

We have to record the death of the Hon and Very Rev 
George Herbert M.A., Dean of Hereford, brother of the 
late Earl Powis, which occurred on March 15, after a short 
illness. He was bom in 1825, and educated at Eton and 
St John's College, taking his degree in the year 1848. 
He took Holy Orders in 1850, and became Curate to 
the Rev T. L. Claughton, afterwards Bishop of St Albans, 
at Kidderminster. In 1855 he was appointed Vicar of Clun, 
in Shropshire, and in 1863 married Elizabeth Beatrice, daughter 
of Sir Tatton Sykes, Bart. He resigned the living of Clun on 
being appointed Dean of Hereford in the year 1867. 

During his tenure of office as Dean, he took the greatest 
interest in everything that concerned the Cathedral, in its 
beauty, in all its services, its music, its teachings : and the 
Triennial Musical Festivals were warmly supported by him. 
He did all in his power to promote the welfare of the Cathedral 
School, and of St Ethelbert's Hospital, of which he was Master. 
He belonged to the Evangelical School himself, and was 
opposed to Ritualism ; but he was very tolerant of the views 
of other parties in the Church ; and the eminent preachers 
who frequently occupied the pulpit in the Cathedral by his 
invitation were by no means of one school of thought. He 
was an able and eloquent speaker, and will be much missed at 
various meetings in the City and elsewhere. 

A most courteous, kind, hospitable, and faithful friend, he 
will be very long regretted by rich and poor alike. 

S. S. 

The Ven Brough Maltby M.A. 

The death of the Ven Brough Maltby M.A., Archdeacon of 
Nottingham, occurred on Friday, March 30, at the vicarage. 
Famdon, near Newark. He had been ailing only about fourteen 

304 Obituary. 

days, and he succumbed to a sudden attack of syncope. The 
late Archdeacon was a scholar of St John's College, where he 
graduated in 1850, and was ordained the same year to Westbury, 
Salop; in 1851 he was appointed curate of Whatton, Notts, 
from which time until his death his connexion with Nottingham- 
shire remained nnbroken. In 1864 he was preferred by the 
late Bishop Jackson to the vicarage of Farndon. In recognition 
of the keen interest which he had displayed in the educational 
affairs of the Lincoln diocese, of which Nottinghamshire then 
formed a part, he was collated by Bishop Jackson's successor. 
Bishop Wordsworth, to the prebendal stall of St Mary Creekpool 
in Lincoln Cathedral in 1871; a year before he had 
been appointed as Rural Dean of Newark. In 1871 he became 
secretary of the Notts Committee of the Diocesan Board of 
Education. On the death, in 1878, of Dr Mackenzie, Bishop- 
Suffragan and Archdeacon of Nottingham, Mr Maltby was 
appointed by Bishop Wordsworth to the archdeaconry. His 
charges were valuable contributions to the then burning 
questions of the day. The creation of the see of Southwell 
in 1884 led to important changes in diocesan arrangements, 
but did not affect Archdeacon Maltby's tenure of ofl5ce. In 
the preliminary efforts which culminated in the foundation of 
the bishopric he took a leading part, and himself conducted 
the ceremony at Southwell Minster, in May 1884, of installing 
Dr Ridding as the first Bishop of the diocese. In the work 
of the diocesan conference and of its various committees he 
displayed a warm interest, contributing largely to its efficiency 
by his intimate knowledge of the county of Notts and his 
practical business powers. He was a member of the governing 
body of St Chad's College, Denstone, and in aiding the move- 
ment for the erection of the new College of St Cuthbert's„ 
Worksop, as an off-shoot of the work at Denstone, he afforded 
Canon Lowe and others invaluable support. At Farndon he 
was greatly esteemed by his parishioners. One of his latest 
works was the enlargement and complete restoration of the 
parish church. The late Archdeacon, who had been for some 
time a widower, married in January last Elizabeth, daughter of 
the late Mr William Fordham, of Bun well. 

[See Guardian^ April 4, 1 894^* 

Obituary. 305 

The Rev Arthur Malortie Hoare M.A. 

Aequales once — arcades ambo I have not the conceit to 
say — but aequales once, at least in a sense, were the subject 
and the writer of this unexpected notice. The fact brings to 
mind again, freshly and vividly, how rapidly the band dwindles 
on either side the great dividing line, as the reinforcements 
pass ceaselessly on to join the ever increasing company on 
the other side. It is now many years since I met or saw 
A. M. Hoare, and, but that I had come to associate some idea 
of impaired health with the thought of him, I should have 
seen with more surprise, as well as pain, the announcement 
of his death on February 26, although he was already on the 
farther side of the appointed term of man's life. 

In October 1840 we were freshmen together, he on 
Dr Hymers' side, myself on Mr Crick's. This leads me to 
correct a curious slip, evidently of memory, in a brief notice 
from him of the late Dean Merivale in the Eagle, where he says, 
*'l was not on his side." Merivale was then on the staff on 
Dr Hymers' side, as Classical Lecturer, and freshmen were 
sometimes allowed to attend his lectures as more conducive 
to their interests than the treadmill proper of their year. 
A. M. Hoare was certainly therefore in Merivale's lecture-room, 
and I have a dim impression on the kfiayiloy of my memory 
that he was allowed, to attend such lectures in the last term 
of his freshman's year, if not before. But, as it appears that 
he was acquainted with Merivale in other ways, the one 
recollection has very probably obliterated the other. 

Arthur Hoare, having an elder brother in College, one year 
his senior, had the unquestionable pleasure and advantage of 
having spent most of the preceding Long Vacation in College 
rooms as a preparation for the ensuing terms. As his education 
had not been conducted at any public school, but at home 
under a private tutor, this was, especially to one of his joyous— 
not to say frolicsome — temperament, an additional benefit in 
more ways than one, and no doubt was of material assistance 
in gaining for him the distinction, somewhat rare and highly 
appreciated, of a Scholarship in his first term. In those days 
the Scholarship Examination was always early in the October 
term, when Questionists (then in their last term), Proper and 
Ordinary Sizars, and a sprinkling of other aspirants passed 

3o6 Obituary. 

through the doors — not very tightly closed — ^to the superior 
honours of the Foundation. So for a freshman to pass in, was 
to set him down at once as a marked man, and Arthur, with 
his freshness and buoyancy of face, figure and demeanour, and 
his incipient reputation (freshmen would speak of him as the 
Scholarship man) deserved to be, and was a marked man in his 
year. His playful tricks sometimes, among their witnesses as 
well as their victims, provoked feelings other than purely 
pleasurable — ^to say resentment would be too much, although I 
remember one young Stentor, after Hoare in his second term 
had sat for and missed the Bell Scholarship, roaring round the 
Second Court, "So-and-so has got the Belli How Hoare 
must be soldi" The kitten had perhaps scratched him in 
play. Perhaps, too, the question of •* side *' came in. 

He was not the only Cricketer whom the year produced for 
the Eleven, College or University, and perhaps it was not 
until after his B.A. degree that he became so highly dis« 
tinguished and admired in that capacity. I do not remember 
his playing in more than the College Eleven till then. He 
was more " on the Piece " than ** down the river " by predilection 
and circumstances. My own acquaintance with him was but 
slight at the time. We were on opposite ** sides," and therefore 
did not meet in the lecture-room, while my chief business lay 
on the river, with a select band of those who were, and whom 
the world has been far from backward in honouring. G. W. 
Hemming, Q.C. ; J. Wilberforce Stephen ; William Thomson, 
o iraVv, of Peterhouse, now Lord Kelvin, with a few others — 
we formed the flotillas of skiffs in the pre-outrigger days. I 
did play in the College Eleven in my third, if not in my second 
year, but for various reasons the river had greater charms for 
me than the " Piece." I did not come much even then into 
his company, and what reading we did, doubtless diversified by 
bright gleams and flashes of idleness, was with different tutors. 
My classical friends, too, were for the most part out of College — 
the brilliant W. G. Clark, Maine, Keary, Wratislaw (all now, alas I 
gathered to the great company), H. A. Hoiden, Kendall, C. A. 
Bristed, Francis Galton, and others, quos dicere longum est. 

Thus our respective courses may have indeed been ordained 
to run parallel so far, but in the Tripos of 1844 they met in 
the bracket where the recognised claims of the Alphabet gave 
me the accident of priority, however otherwise undeserved. 

Obituary. 307 

In the year after his degree, Arthur felt himself, no doubt, at 
greater liberty to cultivate Cricket, in which he was a great 
and very favourite ornament of the Piece. ** Muster Hoare's 
in an' batting splendidly " or " Muster Hoare's long-stopping— 
never lets a ball pass" would be on many a townsman's 
tongue. There was an easy nonchalance about his quick and 
sure return of the ball, and a neat precision about his very 
effective batting, when once well set, which always made him 
a feature in a good match. I think he found great favour with 
the Town, as well as fear, for his prowess behind and between 
wickets. Fenner, the Cambridge "crack" and Captain of 
those days, had a great opinion of " Mr Hoare," nor could the 
great ** Black Diamond," Cornell, the Town longstop, hold a 
candle to him, even in the Town's estimation^ 

I had been elected a Scholar pro Domina Fundatrice^ to my 
pride, in October 1842. In 1847 ^^ same day saw us elected 
Fellows ; he, I think pro Doctore Haly-tre-holme (1 seem to re- 
member the Master's cadences), myself again pro Domina Funda^ 
irict. In the intervening years, Hoare had kept up the fairly 
remarkable succession of Johnian winners by securing the Hulseaa 
prize, against I do not know what competitor, but in successioa 
to Davies, C. J. Ellicott, F. J. Gruggen, and Churchill Babinglon. 
He also won the Members' Prize (Bachelor's) in conjunction 
with the present Bishop of Worcester, who was gallantly and 
to his honour retrieving in many ways the trouble of the 
Schools, in the year below us. Hoare proceeded to Holy 
Orders on the title of his Fellowship shortly afterwards, some- 
what earlier than did his aequalts who pens this brief account. 
He was marked in his devotion to the congenial studies and 
labours of his calling — not, as far as I remember, taking any 
distinct cure (indeed I think he was lecturer at the time), but 
rather assisting others. Work of this kind seemed very much 
on his mind. France (his great friend) blurted out one day, 
'•There's Arthur Hoare always writing sermons — he'd fair 
better be reading them." Whether from his constitution or 
from the effect of his work, he 'used not unfrequently ta cause 
his friends some little, and not altogether unexpressed^ anxiety 
as to his health and stamina ; but in the latter part of his 
College days, which terminated somewhat before mine, he 
used to provide for fairly regular exercise by keeping a horse 
in those pleasant days when Fellows rode together, and horses 

VOL. X vm. s s 

3q8 Obituary^ 

ptood and dogs barked where now learned words are listened 
to. Trinity fellow-commoners would point to that horses- 
pretty deceiver 1 — as the best groomed horse in Qambfidge» 
Arthur used to lend hiin to m(5 to ride, and once he was 
pearly the death of me. I was not on his back : his oiincing 
dilatory ways nearly maddened the brute which I was riding in his 
company, ski|ling Parker's Piece, and I received a slight shock 
which might have been severe. Even Arthur could hardly 
justify his )iorse's ways to himself or take undiluted pleasure 
in them, 

From College, Hoare passed through the fate of matrimony 
to the pretty living of Calbourne, I.W. Through an arrange- 
ment between the Bishop and his father, the Archdeacon of 
Winchester, he was transferred to the mOre important living 
of Fawley, where he passed the remainder of his days. He 
was ardent in support of tbe S. P. G. and kindred causes, for 
it was our lot to haye been in College when Qeorge Augustus 
3elwyn kindled enthusiasm, whe^ Thomas Whitehead was 
inore than ^ memory, and Cqlenso had QOt yet fallen from his 

Many 9 time have I cherished the hope of seeing him once 
again, in his own Rectory, but the lines, once parallel, had 
widely diverged, and many a time the hope disappeared in 
vacancy; and the last \ heard of him was at no very long 
time since, from the cricket-comrade and steadfast bowler 
J. M. Lee, now Canon, who gave a cheerful account of him 
with a lively recollection of the merry days when we were 
young. Apart from his abilities and acquirements (and he 
had very decided testes and acquirements artistic as well), I 
feel, although it is fqr others rather than myself to pay this 
tribute, that there was all through a high tone of character^ 
^ real kindliness, not the less real from an evident self- 
suppression-r-and a cultivated mind, which, apart from genuine 
religious feeling, must make a great loss, not easily to be 
replaced, to his relatives, friends and neighbours, eyen as he 
was always, even to comparative outsiders, a man of mark 
»nd pf incrft, 

T. FiELp. 


JBas/er Term 1894. 

l^oliowing a custom which has now beccfmei almost an annual 
One, the Royal Society has elected to its Fellowship two 
toembers of the College. The new F'.R.S.'s ai'e Mr A. E. H. 
tovc, Fellow and Mathematical Lecturer, and Mr W. Bateson, 
Fellow and Steward, and late Balfour Student in Animal 
Morphology. Among the Fellows of the College, there are 
t)ow ten who are entitled to the distinction of the letters F.R.S< 
Trinity has' nine. 

Both the Smith's Prizes have this year been won by Johnians* 
This 'double event' has not fallen to the College since 1855^ 
tvhen J. Savage and Leonard Courtney were bracketed. The 
mathematicians who now have thus distinguished themselves 
are Ds S. S. Hough, Third Wrangler 1892, and First Class 
(div. 3) in Part II 1893 * ^^^ ^* ^- ^- Pocklington, bracketed 
Fourth Wrangler, and First Class (div. 1) in Part II of the 
tome year. The names are in alphabetical order. Ds Hough 
sent in an Essay On the oscillations of an ellipsoidal shell con* 
taining fluid, Ds Focklington's Essay was On the steady 
motion and small oscillations of an electrified hollow Vortex^ 

Prof. J. J. Sylvester, Honoralry Fellow, has been elected one 
of the twelve foreign members of the Italian Scientific 
Academy called Dei QuardHta. The two other English 
members are Lord Kelvin and Professor Huxley. 

Sir Thomas D. Gibson-Carmichael has beed appointed by 
Lord Rosebery to the post of Chairman of the Lunacy Board 
for Scotland. 

Professor Li vein ^, Fellow of the College, has been elected 
an honorary member of the Royal Agricultural Society, in 
recognition of his services to agricultural science and 

Dr Donald MacAlister, Fellow and Tutor, has been appointed 
Linacre Lecturer of Physic. 

Mr William Lee Warner (B.A. 1869) has been appointed to 
the ofl&ce of Secretary to the Government of India in the 
Foreign Department, vacated by Sir Mortimer Durand. He 

3 1 o Our Chronicle. 

filled at a previous stage of his career the office 6f Under- 
Secretary, so that he is not without experience. He is at 
present Secretary to the Governor of Bombay and the Official 
representative of that Presidency in the Viceroy's Council. 

Mr George Eldon Manisty, of the Indian Civil Service, has 
been appointed to officiate as Accountant-General, Bengal. 

Dr H. D. Rolleston, Fellow of the College, and formerly 
Editor of the Eagle, has been elected a Fellow of the Royal 
College of Physicians of London. Dr Rolleston has attained 
this honour at an unusually early age. His editorial colleagues 
offer him their hearty congratulations. 

At a public meeting held in the Owens College on 
February 9, it was resolved to raise a " Marshall Memorial 
Fund" in honour of our late Fellow, Dr A. Milnes Marshall. 
The fund willl be devoted to the maintenance of the Marshall 
Biological Library, presented to the Owens College by his 
family, and to the foundation of a gold medal for athletics, to 
be competed for by the College Students. 

Mr H. H. S. Cunynghame (B.A. 1874), formerly Secretary 
to the Pamell Commission, has been appointed Assistant 
Under-Secretary to the Home Department. 

The first of the two University Scholarships for Sacred Musics 
on the foundation of the late Mr John Stewart of Rannoch* 
awarded for the first time in the present term, has been gained 
by C. B. Rootham, of Bristol Grammar School, who was elected 
to a Sizarship for proficiency in Classics in December last, and 
begins residence at this College next October. 

On April 7, at Colchester Castle, the long and valued services 
of the Rev Canon R. B. Mayor (B.A. 1842), formerly Fellow of 
the College, were suitably acknowledged by the presentation of 
a handsome testimonial, subscribed for by the residents within 
the Rural Deanery of St Osyth. Canon Mayor has for thirty 
years held the College Rectory of Frating-cum-Thorington, and 
for eighteen years has been Rural Dean. The latter position 
he has recently resigned, and the occasion was taken to mark — 
by the gift of an illuminated address, a massive piece of silver 
plate, and a gold bracelet for Mrs Mayor — the kindly feelings 
entertained by his parishioners and neighbours towards the 
Rector and his wife* The presentation was made by Mr 
Round M.P., and the accompanying speeches bore testimony 
to the good work, on behalf of the Church and of education, 
which Canon and Mrs Mayor had carried through during their 
long connexion with Prating and the adjoining parishes. 

Mr J. Bass Mullinger, Librarian, has been elected a member 
of the Council of the Camden Society. 

Our Chronicle. 3 1 1 

Dr D. MacAlistcr has been appointed by the General Medical 
Council Visitor of the medical examinations of the Universities 
of Aberdeen and Glasgow. 

Mr G. S. Turpin (B.A. 1887). D.Sc. London, formerly 
Scholar and Hutchinson Student, has been appointed Principal 
of the Huddersfield Technical School. There were 130 candi- 
dates for the post. 

A good portrait of Dr A. S. Wilkins (Fifth Classic i868>, 
formerly Editor of the Eagle^ is given in The Owens College 
Magazine for June 1894. 

Mr Eliot Curwen (B.A. 1886, M.B. 1890), who has recently 
returned from work on the coast of Labrador in connexion 
with the Deep Sea Mission, is going out to China in August as 
a Medical Missionary, under the London Missionary Society. 
He will be in charge of the Hospital at Pekin, 

From the Annual Report of the Museums and Lecture 
Rooms Syndicate, we learn that the University Collections have, 
been enriched by certain important gifts made by Johnians. 
Mr G. D. Haviland has presented a magnificent series of Termites^ 
collected by himself at Singapore ; Mr W. W. Cordeaux, of the 
Queen's Bays, has forwarded many valuable zoological specimens 
from Northern India, including a lower jaw of the Mastodon ; 
and Mr J. J. Lister, Mr W. Bateson, Mr F. V. Theobald. Mr 
H. H. Brindley, Mr S. B. Reid. Mr H. Woods, Mr A. P. 
Cameron, and Professsor A. Macalister are among the other 
donors who are specially mentioned. 

Mr R. T. Wright has resigned his Law Lectureship in the 
College. Mr R. F. Scott has been appointed Director of Legal 

Mr J. H. B. Masterman, Naden Divinity Student, has been 
appointed to lecture in Church History for the ensuing year. 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College are recorded this term: — Mr J. B. Mullinger to be 
Lecturer on the History of Education ; Dr J. Phillips to be an 
Examiner for the Third M.B. Examination ; Mr H. Woods, an 
Elector to the Harkness Geological Scholarship; Dr L. E. 
Shore, a member of the Museums Syndicate ; Professor Liveing 
and Mr P. Lake to be Examiners in Agricultural Science. 

Dr J. E. Sandys, Tutor and Public Orator, has been appointed 
to represent the University at the Bicentenary Festival of the 
University of Halle-Wittenberg to be held in August next. 
Dr D. MacAlister, Tutor and Linacre Lecturer, has been* 
appointed a delegate of the University to the International 
Congress of Hygiene, to be held at Budapest in September 

3 1 2 Our Chrofiicle. 

Mr R. F. Scott, Senior Bursar, late Mijor C.U.R.V., has 
been elected a Vice-President of the County of Cambridge aod 
Isle of Ely Rifle Association. 

At the annual election to the Council of the College, held on 
June 2, Mr P. H. Mason, Professor Mayor, Professor Liveing, 
and Mr C. £. Graves were re-elected. 

Mr H. C. Bantow (B.A. i860) of the Inner Temple bai been 
called to the Bar. 

Mr E. E. Sikes has become Press £ditor of the Eagh in 
place of Mr G. C. M. Smith, who has resigned after five years' 
invaluable service. A. J. Chotzner and C. R. McKee have been 
elected to serve on the Editorial Committee next term in the 
place of L. Horton-Smith, our present Treasurer, and H. A. 
Merriman, our present Secretary. J. M. Hardwich will be 
Secretary, and A. H. Thompson, Treasurer. 

In the covers of a copy of Gregory Nazian^en, now in the 
College Library, have recently been found some fragments of a 
kind of Calendar or Official List of the University for the year 
1633. It appears to have contained a list of the Professors, 
Public Orators, and Proctors from the commencement. An 
enumeration of degrees "in all sciences in the Universitie" i» 
noteworthy as giving the Bachelors* Degrees in the following 
order — La'w, Physick, Musick, Arts, 

Mr R. F. Scott, Senior Bursar, has presented the Library 
with 15 volumes of Sir J. F. W. Herschel's original MSS» 
purchased at a sale of Messrs Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge, 
November 1888. They comprise the following ; 

I. Scientific Miscellanies. 

a. Supplement to Appeadis to LacroiSb 

3. Matnematical Papers. 

4# On the Nautical AloAanac. 8 pp. 

5. Oa continued Products. Trigonometrical Series an<{ £q«SKtioii& 

0. Scientific Papers. 

7. Catalogues of double Stars. 3 parts. 

8. Report on Meteorological Observations. 

9. Consideration of various Points of Analysis contributed to 

Philosophical Transactions. 1814. 
10. Contributions to Cambridge Philosophical Society. 
IX. Lacroiz's Differential and Integral Calculus, translated, with 

Appendix and Notes, by Sir J. F. W. Herschel. 

12. Report on the South African Infant School Association * 

13. Original MSS of Reviews of (i) Works on Terrestrial 

Magnetism, (2) Whe well's History of the Inductive Sciences. 

The University has appointed our new Honorary Fellow, 
the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, to be Select Preacher 

* In connexion with the above, Miss A. M. Clerke's statement in the 
Dictionary of National Biography deserves to be quoted : " The excellent 
system of national education prevailing in the colony was initiated by 

Our Chronicle. 31I 

on Suiidaf, July ti. This is the Sunday when there will be a 
considerable gathering of clergy in Cambridge in connexion 
with a series of theological lectures specially arranged for 
their benefit, after the example of Oxford in the Long Vacation 
of last year. The lecturers include Professor Gwatkin, Dr 
Jessopp, Dr Garrett, and Mr Caldecott (the Secretary). 

The Rev W. Hart LI^.D., Head-Master of Hcversham 
Grammar School, found himself obliged to renounce the 
presentation of the College to the rectory of Black Notley, 
Essex, recorded in our last number. The College has trans* 
ferred the presentation to the Rev Augustus Shears, M.A., 
formerly Scholar, 34th Wrangler in 1851. Mr Shears was for 
a few years a Missionary (S.P.G.) in Burmah, and since 1873 
has been Vicar of Sileby, near Loughborough. 

The Rev H. T. E. Barlow has declined the Missionary 
Bishopric of North Japan on the ground of health. 

The Preachers in the College Chapel this Term have been 
Dr Watson; Dr H. Bailey, Honorary Canon of Canterbury, 
formerly Fellow; Mr G, Richardson, Second Master of 
Winchester, formerly Fellow, who preached the Commemoration . 
Sermon ; the Junior Dean ; Bishop Pearson, formerly Fellow ; 
and Mr Quirk, Canon of York, late Vicar of St Mary, Beverley, 
and now a near neighbour of the Mission as Vicar of St Paul's, 

In his Commemoration Sermon, preached in the College 
Chapel on May 6, the Rev G. Richardson, of Winchester, 
took as text St. John xi. 5. After referring to the general 
lessons to be drawn from the story of Mary and Martha, ho 

We are assembled here to-day to commemorate our Fomidress, Lady 
Margaret, her ei^ecutor Bishop John Fisher, who in a very real sense may 
be called our Founder, and all the other benefactors who have added to the 
foundation, and made our great and beloved College what it now is ; and I 
think that the subject I have chosen for our consideration is not inappropriate 
for the occasion. In his funeral sermon — the Moneth Minde of Lady 
Margaret — Bishop Fisher took this same gospel as his subject, and drew 
a parallel between her and Martha, shewing, to use his own words, ** wherein 
this noble France may well be lykned and compared unto the blessyd Woman 
Martha." And when we read the Bishop's description of her daily life, with 
the numerous religious observances in conformity with the strictest usages of 
the times, with her duties at Court and in public, with personal superintend* 
ence of her household, with her systematic devotion to the poor and sick, 
visiting them and ministering to them with her own hand ; and, at the same 
time, being " right studious in Bokes which she had in grete number, both in 
Eenglysh and Frenshe," of which latter she translated several into English, 
we must admit that, like Martha, she was in the best sense ** careful and 
troubled about many things." She recognised fully the value of the gospel 
of little things ; ana her College— our CoUege — ^has lived and grown on this 
principle. The College was started under very serious difficulties, and tho 
original foundation was far short of what Lady Margaret meant it to be, or 
what Bishop Fisher strove to make it ; but by little and little, through tho 
munificence of benefactors, most of them members of the College, it hai 

314 Our ChrofHcle. 

increased as I imagine no other College in either University has increased. 
Our College is a standing witness to the power and importance of little things. 
We have received from the fathers who begat us a goodly heritage, which is 
in the hands of the present Members of the College to increase or to diminish, 
to ennoble or to defame ; and it is by the united exercise of little services that 
the good work will be carried on. But it must also be remembered that in 
little things there is a like power for evil as for good, and that petty spites 
and jealousies, ill-tempered bickerings, and selfish isolation may be powerful 
enough to tarnish the fair fame even of a great institution like this. God 
grant that the present sons of Lady Margaret may be so worthy of their 
noble ancestry that the College may still go on from strength to strength^ 
and that its glory and usefulness may for ever continue to increase. 

The year that is past has been a mournful one for the College. The 
death-roll of those more intimately connected with the foundation is, I think, 
unusually great. I have counted ten names of Fellows and £x-Fellows — 
two of them Honorary Fellows — who have gone to their long home, and many 
others distinguished in Church or State, in Literature or Science. The Eagle 
has made it unnecessary for me to say anything about those whose loss to-day 
we mourn, and I am sure that every Member of the College must feel 
grateful for the excellent obituary notices found in its columns. I may, 
however, I trust, be pardoned for recalling a few of the more distinguished 
names. I will commence with our two Deans, Dean Merivale, Honorary 
Fellow, the well-known Historian, and George Herbert, Dean of Hereford ; 
Thomas James Rowsell, Canon of Westminster, a distinguished preacher; 
Charles Pntchard, Honorary Fellow and Savilian Professor in ou*- sister 
University ; the Rev Leonard Blomefield, Naturalist, the friend of Darwin, 
the father of the Linnaean Society ; Sir Charles Peter Layard, a distinguished 
Colonial Administrator; the Rev Thomas Overton, £j(-Fellow; the Rev 
Arthur Malortie Hoare, £x-Fellow, a model Parish Priest ; the Rev John Mee 
Fuller, Ex-Fellow, no mean Theologian, and in his younger days a first-rate 
Cricketer. Nor must I forget to mention the Rev Anthony Bower, Ex-Fellow, 
the inventor of so many of those well-known problems, which in our younger 
days gave us so much pleasureable torture. All these had reached, and many 
had far exceeded, the ordinary limit of human life ; they had finished their 
course full of years and honours, and to most here present they are but 
honoured names. There are, however, four more who have been cut down in 
life's prime, from whom much had been expected, because they had already 
done much, and risen high on the ladder of usefulness and distinction, and 
whose loss has not only been universally deplored, but to many here present 
is a deep personal sorrow, which is still fresh. The College is, indeed, poorer 
for the sad deaths of Charles Edmund Haskins, Arthur Milnes Marshall, 
Charles Alexander Maclean Pond, and Herbert Dukinfield Darbishire. 

We join in common to-day all these, and many others I have not men- 
tioned, with our Foundress, Lady Margaret, Bishop Fisher, and that noble 
Roll, unparalleled, I expect, in numbers of Benefactors, by whose benefits we 
have been, and are being, brought up to godliness and the studies of good 
learning, and with thankful hearts we turn to Almighty God and praise His 
Holy Name that for us these, and such as these, have lived and died. 

A brass tablet to commemorate the late Mr H. D. Darbishire 
is to be .placed in the College Chapel during the Vacation. 
Some forty of his friends and colleagues have joined in this 
tribute of esteem. The inscription is as follows : 






BORN . AT . BELFAST . I3TH . MAY . 1863 

DIED . IN . COLLEGE . i8tH • JULY . 1 893 

Our Chronicle. 315 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced: Church Work: its means and methods (Macmillan), 
by the Rt Rev Dr Moorhouse ; The Protected Princes of India 
(Alacmillan), by W. Lee-Warner C.S.I. ; Biological Lectures and 
Addrisses (David Nutt), by the late Dr A. Milnes Marshall; 
English Patent Pfoctice (Clowes), by H. H. S. Cunynghame ; The 
Christ has come (Simpkin & Co.), by E. Haropden-Cook ; 
Aristophanes: The Wasps (Pitt Press Series), by the Rev. 
C. E. Graves ; Creatures of other days (Chapman and Hall), 
by the Rev N. L. Hutchinson ; The Pelasgi and their modem 
descendants (Oriental University Institute), by the late Sir Patrick 
Colquhoun and Pasco Wassa Pasha; A short Commentary oh 
the Book of Lamentations, by A. W. Greenup ; The Poems of 
fohn Byrom (Chetham Society), by Dr A. S. Wilkins ; The Poems 
and Masques of Thomcn Carew (Reeves and Turner), by the 
Rev J. W. Ebsworth ; W, H. Widgery, Schoolmaster: selections 
from his writings, by W. K. Hiii ; The Book of Chronicles 
(Hodder), by Professor W. H. Bennett*; fohnson's Life of Pope 
and Life of Swift (Bell), by F. Ryland ; Hatrow Octocentenary 
Tracts IV (Macmillan), by the Rev W. D. Bushell. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

J^ame, B.A. From^ To he 

Stoddart, C. J., M.A. (1868) Form. C. Askem P. C. Ostiingham 
Yeld, C, M.A. (1865) V. Exton, Oakham V. St Mary, Grassendale, 

Keely, A. W. J.,M.A. (1877) C. Huddersfield V. St Paul, Huddcrsfield 

Brewer, G. S. (i8ifo) C. Aston V. St Catharine,Nechells, 

Osborne, G., M.A. (1868) P. C. Carlton, Barns- V. St Michael, Sheffield 

Brown, E. H. (1883) C. Mcrton, Surrey V. Yaxley, Hunts. 

Cocks C. M., M.A. (1884) C. Urchfont, Wilts R. Sparham, Norfolk 
Bevan, H. E. J., M. A. (1878) Gresham Professor Exam. Ch-^plain to the 

Bishop of London 
Daubeny, G. W. (1880) C. St Thomas, West- R. Knoddishall-with- 

bourne Park Buxlowe, Suffolk 

Fewtrell, E. A., M.A. (1874) C. Dovercourt V. Dallington. Sus^^ex 

Brown, J. C. (1885} R. St John, HuU V. Si Paul, W. Brixton 

Bauham, H. F., M.D. (1869) C. St Peter, Islii^ton V. Tuddenham, St 

Martin, Suffolk 
Wooley, A.D. (1873) C. Cranleigh . V. Westcott, Dorking 

Davics, R. S., M.A. (1885) C. Thornhill Lees V. Earlesheaton, Dews- 
Hibburd, F. C, M.A. (1881) C. Pulham V. Aldeby, Beccles 

Saben, P., M.A. (1879) C. St Jude, Manning- V. St Peter, Accrington 

Wallis, F. W., M.A. (1877) R. Martin-Hussing- R. Hindlip, Worcester 

Newton, Canon H., (1864) V. Redditch R. D. of Bromsgrove 

Poynder, A. J., M.A. (1882) C. St. Matthew, V. St Michael, Burleigh 

Bayswater Street, Strand 

Fowell, R. G., M.A. (1872) Ass. Sec. Ch. Pastoral 

Aid Society 
Shears, A., M.A. (1851) V. Silcby R. Black Notley, Essex 



Our Chronicle. 

Name. B.A. 

Whitaker, Canon G. (1867) 

H., M.A. 
Burd, C, M.A. 
^arbaniy J. 


(1856) V. SMrlcv 
(1872) C. Saxted 

^fcCriricky H^ 
Walker, H. A. 

(1890) V. Wlvcliscombc, 

(1887) V. Chattisham, 


To he 
Exam. Chap, to Bishop 

of Truro 
R. D. of Solihull 
tecturer at St Felix's 

Clergy House, Frana- 

Sec. Nat. Soc. for Dunster 

C.-in-Charge, St John 

the Evan., Park Hill, 


The following members of thp College ^ere ordained at 
Trinity : 

Diocese, Parish, 

JCingsford, P. A. London Christ Church, Hackney 

Walker, B. P. Exeter Marwood 

Green, J. E., M.A. Llandaff St Mary, Cardiflf 

Judd, W. H., M.A. Lincoln Licensed Preacher 

Aickm, G. E. ' Oxford Wargrave, Berks. 

Appleford, I{. H. 
Long, B. 

' Oxford 

St Qiles, Reading 

Two Naden Divinity Students were ordained by the Bishop 
of Oxford, B. Long and G. E. Aickin ; Mr Aickin was the 
Gospeller at this Ordination. B. P. Walker goes to be Curate 
to an old Johnian, Mr Pryke, at Marwood ; H. H. Appleford 
tp another, Mr Fader, at Reading. 

Tripos Examinations, June 1894, 
Law Tripos Part I. 

First Class, 

Second Class, 


Baily {brackete4) 



Third Class. 



Davis, A. 
Davis, C, 


T. (bracketed) 

Moral Sciences Tripos Part L 
First Class. Second Class^ 

ps Green {Political Economy) Ds Corbett 

Mathematical Tripos 
Part I, 

4 Leathern {bracketed) 
13 Borchardt 
^^ ( HibbertrWare 
^° \ Webb 

15 Werner (bracketed) 

98 Jie^ling 

Senior Optimes^ 
( Edmunds 
33 \Leftwich 

37 Hart 

38 Raw 

4^ \ Thatcher 
46 Emslie 

Our Chrontcle. 3 1 7 

junior Optimet. 

'* I Rivers 
First Class, 
Ds Dale (div, 3). 

Admitted to the Degree of M.B. 

Bs Cuff, A. W. Mag Henry, C .D. 

Ds Lees, B .H. Mag Pany* T. W. 

TAiED Examination for M.B. Easter Term 1894. 

Surgery etc, Ds Barraclough Mag Parry 

Ds King, T. P. 
Medicine etc, Ds Cameron, J. A. 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

Pirsi Captain — A. P. Cameron. Second Captain-^K, G. Butler* HoH* 
Sec.—W, H. Bonsey. Treasurer^K, P. Hadland. First Lent Captain--^ 
F. A. Rose. Second Lent Captain — C. G. Leftwich* 

May J^aces.^-The Crews were made up as follows :-^ 

First Boat, 

St, lbs. 
Bow C. G. Leftwich 10 i 

2 A. G.Butler 11 2 

3 A. J. Davis 10 10 

4 A.P.Cameron 4 11 5 

5 R. P. Hadland 12 9 

6 R. Y. Bonsey < < 12 6 

7 W. H. Bonsey 11 10 

Stroke F. A. Rose ii o 

Cox A. F. Alcock. . . ^ ...... 7 9 

Second Boati 

it. Ihi. 
Bow H. Whitman ii 8 

2 A.- C. Sconlar 11 

3 A. J* K. Thompson , . . . Ii 9 

4 C.C.Ellis II I 

5 F.Lydall ......12 8 

6 W. McDougall 11 2 

7 E. C. Taylor 10 9 

Stroke W. A. Lamb ........ 9 13 

Cox J. D. Davies. , * . . 8 7 

Friday i' June 8* 

Second Division, The Second Boat, starting second in the 
division, rowed a very plucky race in pursuit of the sandwich 
boat (First Trinity III). The latter, however, were much the 
heavier and stronger crew, and although our crew stuck to 
their work with great dash and gameness, they did not succeed 
in getting nearer to their opponents than three-quarters of a 
length. The following boat (Caius II) were ** tailed" by a 
long distance. 

First Division, The First Boat starting fourth had the 
misfortune to touch the bank at First Post Comer. Happily 
the mischance did not prove serious, and, although they lost 
some distance from Third Trinity, they rowed over well away 
from First Trinity II. 

3i8 Our ChronicU. 

Saturday^ June 9, 

Second Division, The Second Boat's experiences were very 
similar to those of the preceding evening, though they scarcely 
came so near to the sandwich boat as in the first race. 

First Division, The First Boat again rowed over well away 
from First Trinity II, though the latter gained slightly in the 
Long Reach. 

Monday f June 11. 

Second Division. The Second Boat, following their in- 
structions, took matters easily, and allowed Caius II to gain 
on them considerably. This, however, was only on sufferance, 
and a good spurt at the end of the course put the starting 
distance between the boats again. 

First Division, The First Boat again rowed over, but showed 
a much greater amount of smartness than in the first two 

Tuesday, June 12. 

Second Division, The Second Boat, starting second in the 
division, gained a length on Corpus by the Gut, and from that 
point went up to them at a somewhat slower rate, till a good 
spurt round Ditton secured their bump just past the corner. 

Fifst Division, The First Boat started badly, in consequence 
of which First Trinity II gained on them, and their advantage 
was increased by better steering at Grassy. Matters, however, 
were in no degree serious until, shortly before Ditton, Four's 
slide suddenly jammed when right forward, causing Four to 
twist his rigger and bringing the whole boat to a standstill, as 
the shock caused the break-down of other slides as well, and 
made further rowing impossible. This disaster allowed First 
Trinity II to row by and secure the bump. 

The Second Boat rowed over in their tub ship at the hotiom 
of the Division, there being two bumps in front of them. 

Apart from the accident which caused the First Boat to lose 
a place on the last day of the races, the results of the term's 
rowing have been disappointing. No doubt this is greatly 
due to the various illnesses and accidents which have hampered 
the crew's practice, and to the examinations which came thick 
and fast during the four days of the races as well as the 
preceding fortnight. Still the crew was decidedly lacking in 
life and smartness, and in that long well-controlled swing 
forward and hard well-sustained leg-drive, that hard clean 
grip of the water, and long leg-supported finish, which must 
be attained by any crew that is to meet with real success. If 
these points are carefully attended to during the next year, 
from the beginning of the October term onwards, we trust that 
we shall regain the place lost in these races and more, especially 
as there is plenty of good material to work upon. 

Our Chronicle. 319 

The Second Boat deserve much credit, as they rowed with 
great pluck and smartness. Their principal fault was a general 
shortness in the reach forward, and, when rowing hard, a 
tendency to clip the finish. 

The best thanks of the Club are due to R. C. Lehmann and 
L. S. Simpson, First Trinity, for the trouble they kindly took 
in coaching the First Boat- 

The Second Boat was coached by W. H. Bonsey. 

Fitsi Boat. 

Scw—A neat and useful man for the place : wants rather iqore length at 
both ends of the stroke. 

Ttffo — As useful a shover and ugly an oar as ever : wants more steadiness, a 
neater finish, and fewer esamiualions. 

TTtree — Rows hard, but not in quite so good a style as formerly : should get a 
smarter grip and longer fmish. 

Jumr—Kss been rather pulled to pieces, but is nevertheless a useful oar : 
should get a smarter grip, as he loses part of his slide before his blade 
gets hold of the water. 

J^tve — A promising but rather rough oar : must get hold of it with straighter 
arms and use his legs at once and right through the stroke. 

Six—Very promising : must swing the body more, grip with straighter arms 
and keep his blade covered longer at the finish. 

S^ven —Has been rather put back by having to be out of the crew for some 
time : rows neatlv, but with not quite enough life : should swing more 
and hold the finish out longer when rowing. 

Stroke— A good stroke : keeps it going well, but might reach out a trifle 
more ; has an awkward habit at the finish of getting his body away from 
his hands instead of vice vetsa. 

Cox — Steered well on the whole, but is not a sure hand at a comer. 

Second Boat, 

£ow — ^Wants more length, especially at the finish : in other respects rows well. 

Two—K promising freshman : with more experience and leg drive should do 

7)^rrr— Rough, but a good shover : should be steadier forward, especially 
with his slide, and so get a firmer grip. 

Four — Is also inclined to bucket, and inclined to clip the finish : has come on 
wonderfully well this term and works hard. 

Five — Another promising freshman : wants a little more length and leg driven 
but has capabilities and prospects. 

Six — Rowed well on rather short practice : a bit short, but is a useful and 
patriotic oar. 

Seven — Promising freshman once more: wants rather more neatness and 
polish, but works well and sticks to it like a terrier. 

Stroke — Stroked with dash and judgment, though rather short in the reach 
forward : a good and cunning oar, with unfathomed capabilities as regards 
a fast stroke. 

C(?;c— Steered welL 

320 Our Chronicle. 

F. J. Lowe Douhii Sculling Prize— -{see Eagle, xvil, p. 570). 
Mr Lowe's bequest of /^lyo (jfsoo less legacy duty) has been 
dealt with as follows : 

Munsey: Two pairs of silver challenge ScoUs in rose- £. s. d* 

wood cases with silver plates. 9 10 o 

Purchase oi£2^(> y, "jd, Cambridge Corporation 3 per cent. 

Stock. 260 10 o 

jfa70 o o 

The stock stands in the names of the Rev A. H. Prior, 
Mr R. H. Forster, and Mr John Collin. 

Thus the income of the fund available for the presentation 
prizes will be a little over jfj. 

The first race for these sculls took place on May 15 
over the Colquhoun Course. Only two pairs entered, viz. 
A. T. L. Rumbold and R. W. Broadrick (First Trinity), and 
A. S. Bell and R. P. Croft (Trinity Hall). The latter pair, 
starting from the first station, drew away at once and won easily 
by 120 yards in 7 min. 3 sec. 

It is worthy of note that this time is considerably faster than 
the fastest recorded time for the Magdalene Pairs. We hope 
that this fact will cause a larger entry for the Sculls next year, 
and that such entry will include representatives of the L.M.B.C. 

It is unfortunate that the nearness of examinations prevented 
our representatives, W. McDougall and S. B. Reid, from com- 
peting this year, as they had been going well in practice and 
were reported to be fast. 

Cricket Club, 

President'-J. R. Tanner, M.A. Treasurer— G, C. M, Smith, M!.A. 
Captain^G. P. K. Winlaw. Secretary— ¥, J. S. Moore. CommitUe— 
J. J. Robinson, W. Falcon, W. G. Wrangham, J. H. Metcalfe. 

We have had a more successful year than we have experienced 
for many years ; this is mostly due to the fact that Triposes did 
not interfere with the team much, owing to the number of 
second-year men in it. We greatly missed the services of 

i. J. Robinson, and only hope we shall be repaid by seeing 
im win his "Blue." We were fortunate in finding two 
freshmen to bear the brunt of the bowling, with no small 
success. Our best performance, without doubt, was our 
victory over Trinity. 


Played, 18. Won 4, lost i, drawn 13. 

April 30. V, Pembroke. Drawn. Pembroke 235 for 3 wickets (J. Du 
V. Brunton 83, G. S. Wilson 62). St John's 124 for 8 wickets (J. G. 
McCormick 30). 

May I (Sr* 2. V, Jesus. Lost. Jesus 277 (T. N. Perkins 98) and 28 
for 2 wickets, (F. E. Edwardes 4 wickets tor 34). St John's 139 (G. P. K. 
Winlaw 35, II. Reeve 31) and 163 (F. J. S, Moore 35, J. H. Metcalfe 33). 


Our Chrontcle. 321 

May 3. V. Trinity. Won. Trinity 170 (H. Reeve 3 wickets for 22). 
St John's 182 for 4 wickets (F. J. S. Moore 85*). 

May 5. V. Clare. Drawn. St John's 196 for 4 wickets (G. P. K. 
Winlaw 93», J. J. Robinson 42). Clare 1 17 for 4 wickets. 

May 7 <&* 8. v. Christ's. Won. St John's 170 (J. H. Metcalfe 72) and 
167 for 3 wickets (G. P. K. Winlaw 84, W. Falcon 59). Christ's 95 and 103 
(R. O. Schwartz 47, F. E. Edward^s 4 wickets for 20). 

May 10 XI 6* 12. v. Emmanuel. Drawn. Emmanuel 328 (J. A. B. 
Anderson 98, C. Bland 49). St John's 73 for i wicket. Rain ;itopped play. 

May i^, v. Exeter College, Oxford. Drawn. Exeter 213 for 7 wickets 
(F. A. Phillips loo, S. R. HigneU 78»J. St John's 99 for 4 wickets (W. G. 
Wrangham 36«). 

May 1$^ V.King's. Drawn. St John's 175. King's 78 for 3 wickets. 

May 16. V, Selwyn. Drawn. St John's 33 for no wickets. Rain 
stopped play. 

May 17 dr* 18. v. Trinity. Drawn, St John's 236 (J. H. Metcalfe 80, 
H. Reeve ^4). Trinity 534 (J. S. Shearme I54», W. Mortimer 72), (F. E. 
Edwardes 6 wickets for 102). 

May 19. V. Jesus. Drawn. St John's 251 (J. F. S. Moore 135). 
Jesus 119 for 2 wickets (F. L. Hinde 50, T. N. Perkins 47«). 

May 21 (St* 22. v. Caius. Drawn. Caius 85 (H. Reeve 6 wickets for 
and 343 (F. E. Brunner 115). St John's 250 for 6 wickets (W. G, 
rangham 69, J. H. Metcalfe 45 •) and 73 for 7 wickets. 

May 24. V. Ci-usaders. Drawn. St John's 248 (C. D. Robinson 81). 
Crusaders 104 for 2 wickets (A. P. Whitwell 49*). 

May 25. V. Magdalene. Won. Magdalene 178 (P. G. Hunter-Muskett 
81, G. P. K, Winlaw 4 wickets for 39). St John's 251 for 4 wickets (C. D. 
Robinson 116). 

May 26. V. Whitgift Wanderers. Drawn. Whitgift Wanderers 146 
for 4 wickets Q. P. Harvey 55*, H. L. Turner 55). St John's 45 for i wicket. 

May 28. V' Peterhouse. Won. Peterhouse 58 (H. Reeve 3 wickets 
for I run). St John's 122 for 3 wickets (W. G. Wrangham 56«, J. H. Met- 
calfe 52). 

A/ay 29. V. Trinity Hall. Drawn. Trinity Hall 17 for i wicket. Rain 
stopped play. 

May 30. V. Pembroke. Drawn. St John's 197 for 4 wickets (J. H. 
Metcalfe 07, G. P. K, Winlaw 57). Pembroke 19 for 3 wickets (H. Reeve 
3 wickets for no runs). 

♦ Signifies not out. 

The Eleven. 

O, P. K, Wtnlaw.—llAS scored fairly consistently throughout the season ; a 
good bat with an effective cut ; his bowling was not very successful this 

y. y. Robinson — A fine all-round cricketer : it is only to be hoped that he 
may gain his Blue. 

W, G. Wrangham—A greatly improved bat ; has fallen off in bowling, but 
is still as good as ever in the field. 

C* D, Robinson^ A good bat with sound defence ; has gained many more 
strokes and hits cleanly when set ; good wicket-keeper. 

322 Our Chronicle. 

F, y. S, Moore— K really good bat with any namber of strokes ; useful change 
bowler and good point. 

W. Falcon — Has not shown his last year's form, though he improved towards 
the end of the season. Good field. 

C, R, McKee — Has been very disappointing as a bat, but greatly improved in 
the field. 

y. H, Metcalfe — Has been in great foiro, bitting clean and hard; a good 
field, but inclined to rush too hard at th: ball. 

H, Reeve — Has bowled exceedingly well at times, but bowls too much to leg 
and has had luck. A fair bat ; slow in the field. 

F, E. Edwardes — A really good bowler for a dozen o\'ers : should not bowl so 
much at the wicket. Safe field in the slips ; has not had much of a trial 
in batting. 

y. G* McCormick — A somewhat shaky bat at starting, but has scored 

consistently. Very keen in the field. 

K, Clarke^ An uncertain bat with a very fine forward cut ; should do better 
next year. Can bowl and is safe in the field. 

Batting Averages* 

No, of Most in No. of Times 

Name. runs Innings Innings not out Aver. 

J. H. Metcalfe 4»6 80 14 4 4x-6 

F.J. S.Moore 453 135 '5 4 4« »« 

O. P. K. Winlaw 455 9J* »8 3 30*33 

C.D.Robinson 405 xi6 15 z 28*92 

W. G. Wrangham ....M 227 69 xz 3 28*37 

H. Reeve Z36 54 8 3 272 

J. J. Robinson 74 42 3 o >4'<^ 

J. G. McCormick 27Z 34* 15 3 22 58 

W. Falcon 157 59 x^ « "744 

K. Clarke 138 27 zo z 15*33 

F.E. Edwardes 46 2z 7 4 "5 

C. B. McKee 55 14 7 > zx 

* Signifies not out. 

Bawling Averages, 

Name Overs Maidens Buns Wkts. Aver. 

H. Reeve X7'3 58 613 47 X3*04 

J. J. Robinson 66 X9 196 10 Z9*6 

F. £. Edwardes sq6 4 ...... 40 ^S^ 28 23*25 

F. J. S. Moore.'. xx8'3 22 349 X2 29*08 

K.Clarke 124 23 394 za 3>'S3 

The Second XI have had rather bad luck in losing no less 
than three matches by less than 40 runs. Their record is: 
matches played 12, won 3, lost 5, drawn 4. 

In 'Varsity Matches this term we have been represented by 
J. J. Robinson, who has taken part in all the matches that have 
taken place. C. D. Robinson and F. J. S. Moore played for 
the XVI V. the XI. K. Clarke played in the Freshmen's 

Our Chronicle. 32-3 

Rugby Uuion Football Club. 

At a General Meeting held on Wednesday, May 30, the 
following officers were elected for the ensuing season : 

Captainr-^ , Falcon. Secretary-^C. D. Robinson. 

AssociATioiJ Football Club. 

The following officers have been elected for next season : 
Captaiip—B, J. C. Warren. Secretary— H, Reeve. 

Lawn Tennis Club. 

Captdin—C. O. S. Hatton. Hon, Sec—B, J. C. Warren. 

All our matches have been won with the exception of thosef 
against Trinity and the Hall, the latter of which was played 
with three of our team away, and only lost by 4 — 5. 

We have won the Inter-CoIlcgiate Challenge Cup for the 
first time, Hatton and Newling beating R. B. Scott and 
L. L. R. Hausburg (Trinity) in the Challenge round by three 
sets to love (6—3) (7—5) (6—4)* 

Hatton has been playing regularly for the 'Varsity, and has 
got his 'Grasshopper.' He has also won the 'Varsity Open 
Singles and in partnership with R. B. Scott (Trinity) the 

The following colours have been given : C. O. S. Hatton, 
t. Lupton, B. J. C. Warren, S. W. Newling, W. H. C. Chevalier, 
J. F. Skrimshire, M. W. Blyth. 

Matches played, 15. Won 13, lost a. 
Date. Club. Result. Points, 

April 25 Pembroke Won . , 6—3. 

„ 26 Christ's .....Won 5—4. 

,, 28 ..Emmanuel ........Won ..8 — i. 

May a Mayflies Won 5—4. 

„ 3 Coipas • Won ...5—4. 

,f 5 ..,. Jesus , Won 7 — 2. 

„ II Christ's , Won /$ — '« 

„ 12 King's Won 7—2. 

„ 14 Caius Won •••••9 — o« 

„ 15 Trinity Hall Lost 4—5. 

„ 18 Jesus Won 6—3. 

„ 25 Mayflies Won 7—2. 

yuns I King's Won 6-3. 

„ a Clare Won 5—4. 

„ 7 Trinity Lost ••...1—8. 

Eagle Lawn Tennis Club. 

Prendent^Ut R. F. Scott. Treasurer—G. P. K. Winlaw. Secretary-^ 
W. Falcon. 

At a meeting of the above Club held on Wednesday, May 18, 
the following new members were elected : — W. P. Boas, R. Y. 
Bpnsey, K. Clarke, J. G. McCormick, H. Reeve. 


3^4 Our Chronicle, 

Lacrosse Club. 

Captain-^'E. J. Kefford. Hon, Treas,^VT. T. Lcigh-PhiDips. 

A Meeting of the above Club was held this term in the 
Secretary's rooms. W. J. Leigh-Phillips was elected Captain 
for the ensuing season, and H. L. Gregory, Secretary. We are 
glad to say the Club is in a most flourishing condition and 
that one of its members, J. Lupton, has been elected Captain 
of the 'Varsity Lacrosse Club for the coming season. We wish 
both teams prosperity in the future. 

Recruits will be heartily welcome and we hope will be 
numerous, as at present we have a very strong College team and 
shall be glad to keep up our old reputation. 

Fives Club. 

President^Vix H. R. Tottenham. Captain—J^. Horton-Smith. Secrr* 
iary—A, J. Tait. Treasurer— C, R. McKce. CommitUe—Mr Harkcr, 
J. Lupton, A. B. Maclachlan and G. W. Poynder. 

The Club played three matches in town during the Easter 

We beat St John's Hall, Highbury, bj 125 points to 75^ 
and Merchant Taylors* School by 105 to 99 (in Doubles), but 
we succumbed to St Paul's, being beaten by 132 points to 95. 

In the Singles, which we found ourselves bound to play at 
Merchant Taylors' after the Doubles, we did not come off well. 
We had not expected to play Singles, and hence bad not practised 
for them — these Singles we therefore omit. The record of 
matches before the vacation was — seven won, none lost, and a 
total of 888 points for us, 523 against us. The sum total for 
the whole season is nine matches won and one lost (all 
Doubles), and a record of 1211 points scored for us, 829 
against us. 

4TH (Cambridge University) Volunteer Battalion 
The Suffolk Regiment. 

B Company. 

At the conclusion of last term the detachment proceeded to 
Aldershot. Fifteen members of the College accompanied the 
Corps, which got through a week's training in fine weather. 
Immediately on our arrival we were attached to the Public 
Schools Brigade for a sham fight with the regulars ; and after 
the contest was over we marched past the Duke of Connaught» 
who' kindly allowed us to take up a position opposite the 
saluting base and there watch the regulars — a magnificent 
spectacle. We had another field-day before we left, this time 
with the Field Service Training Corps ; and after that a small 
engagement of our own. Sergeant McCormick was unfortunatelj 

Our Chronicle. 325 

shot early in the day, but Corporal Cummings took command 
of the Johnian section and handled his men .with remark- 
able sagacity and courage, while Privates Reid, D. P. Hadland, 
and Barnett rifled the bodies of some dead cyclists with heroic 
bravery. We came back to Cambridge having thoroughly 
enjoyed our taste of barnack-room life. 

The Inspection was held this term and was very successful—^ 
especially the night parade in the Corn Exchange. 

All Johnian Volunteers will be glad to know that Corporal 
R. Y. Bonsey was selected to be photographed as one of thet 
** Types (of beauty) of the Volunteers.*' 

Every member of the Corps must join in recruiting from thQ 
best of next term's Freshers^ 

Debating Society.. 

President— V^, B. Allan. Vice-President— Q, T. Powell. Jreasurer-^ 
H. M. Schroder. Secretary-^'K. O. P. Taylor, Auditor— X. P. McNeile, 
Committee—T. Hay and W. A. Gardner. 

The debates during the term have been as follows : 

April 28 — "That this House views the Government of Lord 
Rosebery with entire confidence, and wishes it a long tenure 
of office." Proposed by A. K. B. Yusuf-Ali, opposed by F. N. 
Mayers. Lost by 6 to 8. 

May 5 — "That the so-called comic song is entirely 
objectionable." Proposed by H. M. Schroder, opposed by 
G. T. Whiteley. Lost by 7 to 12. 

May IS — **That indiscriminate charity is the curse of the^ 
country." Proposed by C. T. Powell, opposed by R. O. P« 
Taylor. Lost by 6 to 9., 

May 19— "That this House would approve of the Dis-. 
establishment and Disendowment of the Church." Proposed 
by A. J. Story, opposed by J. E. Purvis B.A. Lost by 6 to 19. 

May 26 — " That this House would welcome the establish- 
ment of Slavery." Proposed by W. B. Allan, opposed by 
T. Hay. 

H. H. Davies moved as an amendment — " That this House 
would welcome the establishment of a luncheon bar in the. 
Third Court." The amendment was carried by 10 to 4. 

The average number of members present was 32, but oiv 
every question there seemed to be a marked disinclination ixy 
record a vote. The debate on Disestablishment was fiercely 
fought and produced some excellent speeches. A. }. Walker, 
(Hon. Sec. of the Musical Society) made a vigorous attempt to 
get the comic song condemned. The last debate of the term 

326 Our Chronicle. 

was as usual a long one, bristling with points of order. We are 
sorry to have to record that three of our Ex-Presidents are going 
down this term, among them Peter Green, whose loss we shall 
feel most keenly. 

Theological Society. 

Prisident^'G, Watkinson. Hon, Treas.-^J. S. Mailer, ffon, Sic.-^ 
W* A. Gardner. CommitUe^C. C. Ellis and H. M. Schroder. 

The meetings have been as follows :— On May 1 1 in C. C. 
Ellis' rooms : Some thoughts on Inspiration, Professor Lumby. 

On May i8 in J. S. Miiller's rooms: Some questions and 
answers /torn the Ordinal, Canon Slater. 

On May 23 in R. O. P. Taylor's rooms, a Social meeting 
took place. A photo of the Society has been taken; the 
number of members this term was 25. 

Musical Society. 

Prisident—jyr Sandys. Treasurer— A. T. Stevens. Secretary^ 
A. J. Walker. Assistant Secretary— -Yi. Reeve. Librarian — C. T. Powell. 
Committee — A. J. Chotzner, J. M. Hardwich. 

On Friday, April 27, the Society made a new departure by 
giving a Smoking Concert in the May Term. The chief items 
of interest were Beethoven's Sonata for Pianoforte and Violin 
(No. 5) in F, performed by the same friends from the Royal 
Acadeiny of Music who played before us last term, and 
Mr Thomas* rendering of two Scotch songs by Stewart 
Macpherson. T^e interest of the programme was also increased 
by the fact that at this concert * The Crotchets ' — a quartette 
plub founded towards the end of last term — made their first 
s^ppearance. It is hoped that they will often thus favour the 
Musical Society. 

The Annual Concert was held in the College Hall, by kind 
permission of the Master and Fellows, on Monday, June 11. 
The programme was as follows : 

Part I. 

f Cantata «*May Day" Sir George Macfurren 

% Song "Aufenthalt" Schubert 

A. J. Walker. 

3 Recitative AND Aeia...." Che Fard" .^....Gluck 

Miss Dora Barnard. 

. c^»r.. / (fl) " My heart and lute " \ jj irj tr- ijx 

4 Songs { ^ " Sing, Nightingale - 1 HalfdanKjerulf 

Rev F. G. Given- Wilson. 

5 Pianoforte Duet . . . . " Am Springbmnnen " , « , . . Schumann 

C. p. Kesling and F. G. Cole, 

Our Chronicle. 327 

Part n. 

^ ^-^-^^ {r*l"^lnt?r^Elc-^*~"} ^'-'- 

The Crotchets. 

7 Abja (from «SaM j0;f ) . • <* Honour and Anns *' .,.••,•.., Handtl 

C. T. Powell. 

8 Rbcitatve " Nei trionfi d'Alessandro ** I w ^j i 

Aeia "Lusinghepiiicarc" ] aanati 

Miss Kate Cove. 

9 Song ........" Ob, Nanny, wilt thou gang witk me *' . • . •^. Somervell 

W. R. Elliott. 

10 Cantata ,...." The Jackdaw of Rheims " George Fox 

Last year Steradale Bennett's May Queen formed the chief 
item in the programme. This year a short cantata was inserted 
in either part. The chorus and orchestra were quite equal to 
the occasion, and Sir George Macfarren's May Day and George 
Fox's Jackdaw of Rheims were both most successfully performed. 
Neither work reaches a very high artistic level — the Jackdaw of 
Rheims has no pretensions to that — but, as they were sung, they • 
could not have been better. The final chorus of May Day was 
especially good, and the trebles took their high notes very well, 
with a success which was wanting in some parts of the Jackdaw 
of Rheims, Miss Kate Cove sang magnificently in both cantatas, 
while in the second Miss Dora Barnard, the Rev F. G. Given- 
Wilson and A. J. Walker sang solos. 

It would be hard to say of the individual contributions which 
was best performed. Miss Dora Barnard sang Che Jard from 
Gluck's Orfeo, and Miss Kate Cove charmed the audience with 
her wonderful rendering of an extremely difiicult recitative and 
air from Handel's Scipione, Two more enjoyable songs could not 
have been heard, and the large audience, which filled the Hall 
from end to end, heard them in perfect silence and applauded 
rapturously. Miss Cove's encore song was extremely pretty, 
but was hard to listen to after her first song with its magnificent 
flights and runs. To those who heard Lusinghe pit* care for the 
first time, it must have revealed the lightest and most beautiful 
side of Handel's genius. 

C. T. Powell sang the familiar Honour and Arms from Samson 
and surpassed himself in it. The song was well chosen and 
suits his voice admirably. All our solo talent was to the fore. 
A. J. Walker and the Rev F. G. Given-Wilson, a welcome figure 
and voice after a year's absence, sang in the first part, while 
W. R. Elliott and C. T. Powell took their places in the second. 
Comparisons are odious, and in this case are fortunately un- 
pecessary. All four sang their very best. 

From smoking concerts some of us were -familiar with the 
Schumann duet which F. G. Cole and C. P. Keeling played so 

328 Our Chronicle, 

well, but, for all that, it had lost none of its freshness, and was 
all too short. Erom smoking concerts, too, we knew of the 
quartette of Crotchets. Their performances in the Lecture 
Room have been delightful : in the Hall they were better than 
ever: it is quite impossible to praise their rendering of two of 
Hatton's glees too highly. Their choice was admirable : their 
performance justified the choice. 

The Eagle last year declared that the concert held then was 
the most successful ever held. If such was the case, this year's 
concert was doubly successful. The Hall, with its red carpet 
and lavish floral decoration, has never looked better, the 
singing and playing has never been so good, and all thanks are 
due to the energetic Secretary and Committee for the way in 
which the whole concert was carried out. And the highest 
thanks and praise must be paid to the Conductor, Dr Garrett, 
for the immense pains which he took with regard to the concert^ 
and in training the choir* 

The College Ball. 

By permission of the Master and Fellows a Ball was given 
in the College Hall on Tuesday, June 12. A special floor was 
laid by the universal provider, Mr Whiteley of Bayswater. 
Supper was served in the Combination Room. A tent for 
sitting out in was erected behind the Chapel Court, the walks of 
which were illuminated. The Hall was decorated with flowers, 
and our beautiful Combination Room looked even more 
charming than usual. About two hundred were present. The 
String Band of the Royal Horse Guards (Blues) supplied the 
music, and dancing was kept up till 4 a.m. The Master brought 
a large party from the Lodge. The number of gentlemen 
present slightly exceeded the number of ladies, so that the latter 
were always fully occupied. Ladies accustomed to the blash 
men about town expressed their astonishment, at the vigour 
they found at Cambridge. The Committee, whose names are 
given below, are much to be complimented on the general 
excellence of the arrangements. 

The Rkv P. H. Mason, President, 

Mr R. F. Scott. Mr C. O S. Hatton {Secrttary\. 

Dr L. E. Shore. Mr G. P. K. Winlaw. 

Mr a. Hill {Secretary) Mr W. H. Bonsky. 

Mr S. B. Reid. Mr J. II. Miitcalfe. 

Mr J. J. Robinson. Mr R. Y. Bonsey. 

Mr. a. p. Cameron. Mr J. G. McCormick. 

A Steward's Breakfast of a decidedly festive character 
followed the departure of the ladies. 

Our Chronicle. 


The Johnian Dinner, 1894. 

The Johnian Dinner took place this year at the First 
Avenue Hotel, London, on Tuesday, April 17. Mr R. Horton- 
Smith, Q'.C. was in the Chair. As will be seen from the list 
of those present, the gathering was the largest and most 
representative which has yet been held. 

The Toast list was as follows :—7>5^ Queen \ The College^ 
proposed by the Chairman, replied to by Sir Francis Powell, 
Rev Dr T. G. Bonney, and Mr R. F. Scott ; The Lady Margaret 
Boat Club, proposed by Mr L. H. K. Bushe-Fox, replied to 
by the First Captain, Mr A. P. Cameron, and Mr L. H. 
Edmunds; The Chairman, proposed by the Rev J. F. Bateman. 

Music and songs from J. A. Whitaker, the Rev J. A. 
Beaumont, the Rev F. G. Given-Wilson, Mr E. J. Rapson, and 
others, and recitations by Mr H. T. Barnett added to the 
enjoyment of the evening. 

Members of the College who would like to receive year by 
year notice of the date of the dinner are requested to send their 
names and addresses to one of the secretaries, namely: — Ernest 
Prescott, 70, Cambridge Terrace, Hyde Park, W., and R- H. 
Forster, Members Mansions, Victoria Street, SAV. 

The following is a list of those present : 

Chairman — R. Horton Smith, Q.C. 

K. E. Baker 
A. B. Baldwin 
H. T. Barnett 
Rev J. F. Bateman 
£. Beaumont 
Rev J. A. Beaumont 
Rev Prof Bonney 
W. H. Bonsey 

E. T. Brooks 
P. H. Brown 

G. T. M. Burnett 
L. H. K. Bushc-Fox 
S. Butler 
J. H. Butterworth 
Rev A. Caldecott 
A. P. Cameron 
Rev Canon Clarke 
Rev J. S. Clementson 
J. Coates 

F. H. Colson 

Rt Hon L. H. Courtney 

Rev G. Crossley 

G. E. Cruikshank 
A. J. David 

Rev H. L. Dawson 
A. F. Douglas 
L. H. Edmunds 

Rev J. C. B. Fletcher 

R. H. Forster 

T. E. Forster 

Rev F. G. Given-Wibon 

T. L. Harrison 

Col. J. Hartley 

Rev. W. J. Harvey 

J. A. Herbert 

Rev E. Hill 

Rev J. W. Home 

W. H. Hudleston 

Prof W. H. H. Hudson 

D. M. Kerly 
R. H. Landor 
Rev J. P. Langley 
N. M. Leake 

LI. Lloyd 

Rev W. S. F. Long 
Rev J. H. Lupton 
R. Marrack 
Rev H. E. Mason 
T. Massie 
Rev J. J. Milne 
Rev W. I. Phillips 
H. F. Pooley 
Sir F. S. Powell, Bart. 

E. Preacott 

E. J. Rapson 

H. J. Roby, M.P. 

Rev C. M. Roberts 

S. O. Roberts 

E. Rosher 

Dr J. E. Sandys 

Rev C. C. Scholefield 

R. F. Scott 

G. Silly 

B. A. Smith 

G. C. M. Smith 

Rev H. Gibson Smith 

Jason Smith 

Rt Rev Bishop Speechly 

Rev W. H. H. Steer 

G. G. Tremlett 

G. J. Turner 

Rev A. T. Wallis 

B. West 

J. L Whitaker 

G. WTiite 

G. C. Whiteley 

G. T. Whiteley 

Aneurin Williams 

Rev C. H. Wood 

P. T. Wiigley 

330 Our Chronicle 

The College Mission in Walworth. 

Senior Secretary — Rev A. Caldecott. Senior Treasurer— T>x Watson. 
Junior Secretary — ^A. P. McNeUe. Junior Treasurer — ^Peter Green. 

During the Easter Vacation ten men visited the Mission at 
Walworth and assisted the work of the Missioners, exclusive 
of those who merely went down for the day. The Concert 
given on Easter Monday by A. J. Walker and friends was a 
great success, and largely attended. The Lectures given by 
the Master, Dr Rolleston, Mr Bourne (Head-master of King's 
College School), and Mr Caldecott last term were greatly 
appreciated by the people, and in the Annual Report which 
has just appeared the Missioners express a hope that such 
Lectures will be repeated in the future. 

At the beginning of May Mr Wallis took Bishop Speechljr's 
parochial duties for a fortnight, and during his absence the 
Kev W. H. Verity took his place at the Mission. Mr Wallis 
has been up in Cambridge twice during the term, and it is 
to be hoped that one result of his visits will be an increase 
in the numbers of visitors to Walworth during the coming 
Vacation. It cannot be too strongly urged that most material 
help can be given to the Mission, and most sincere interest 
in the Mission obtained, by frequent visits and by actual 
participation in the work that is being carried on by oar 

The collection of old clothes is at present being carried on 
in the College. Reference to the Report will show that in 
the weekly sales of such clothes over £$q was realised last 
year. As we confer a boon upon the people by sending the 
clothes while we do not "pauperise" them by giving the same» 
we shall feel any falling oiF in the supply a great loss both to 
our exchequer and to our powers of doing good in Walworth. 

The Parish Magazine has now established a firm footing 
in the district, and can be obtained by application to the 
Missioners or the Secretary; it contains a few local notes 
which are of great use in helping one to keep in touch with 
what is going on in Walworth. 

It is to be hoped that as many as possible will come to the 
"Johnian gathering" mentioned in the Report, which takes 
place at the time of the Harvest Thanksgiving, ue. early in 
October, before the date for returning to Cambridge. 

The Report is now being circulated : any member of the 
College not receiving one is requested to apply for his copy 
to one of the Secretaries. 

There is a statement in the Report that an old Johnian has 
given £^0 to the reduction of the debt (/ 150) on the buildings. 
Another Johnian offers a further £^0 if the whole is cleared off 
by Christmas. We hope our supporters will notice this. 

Our Chronicle. 33 1^ 

ToYNBEE Hall. 

28, Commercial Street, £. (near Aldgate Station). 

Many members of the College would find a visit to Toynbee 
Hall of great interest, and if they have not seen it they should 
take the first opportunity of doing so. Men who are going 
down from Cambridge to reside in London are reminded of 
the advantages offered by Toynbee to all who prefer a sort of 
College life to life alone, and who are willing in some small 
way to help others. For full information they should apply ta 
the Warden, the Rev Canon Barnett. 

Lists of Occxtpants of Rooms in St John's College. 

It is proposed to republish these lists in the Long Vacation 
with such corrections and additions as have come in. Any 
further correction should therefore be sent to Mr G. C. M. 
Smith, St John's College, without delay. 

College Essay Prizes. 

The following are the subjects for the College- Essay 
Prixes : 

For Students new in their First Year, Bismarck. 

„ „ „ Second Year, The development of the ideal of 

male ana female cliaracter ia 
the leading English novelists 
of the present century. 

„ „ „ 7%irdYear, Tlie rights of majorities. 

The Essays are to be sent to the Master not later than 
Saturday, October 13, 1894. 

We are sure that all Subscribers to the Eagle will join with 
the Editors in tendering their very hearty thanks to Mr G. C. Mr 
Smith for his great services to the magazine, and in expressing 
their deep regret at his resignation. During his five years of 
office, in addition to the heavy routine of the Press Editorship, 
he has found time for other work which calls equally for our 
gratitude. To take one instance of his devotion, the College 
owes to him the list of occupants of rooms, the preparation of 
which involved much labour and research. His interest in the 
history of the College deserves the thanks of past Johnians for 
strengthening the bond of sympathy between them, and uniting 
them to their College in closer ties than before ; and of the 
present generation for thus connecting them with their pre- 
decessors. His own contributions have formed not his least 
valuable service ; we hope that his retirement will cause no 
break in his literary connexion with the Eagle. 



• 77t€ asterisk denotes past or present Members of the College, 

Donations and Additions to the Library during- 
Quarter ending Lady Day 1894. 



Dr D. MacAlister. 

Dredge (Jobn J.). The Marwood List of^ 

Briefs, 1 7 14 — 1774. (Reprinted from the j 

Transactions oT the Devon. Assoc, for the > The Compiler. 

advancement of Science, Literature, and 

Art, 1893). 4^0- Plymouth, 1893 

•Nicklin (T.) et C. H. Gore. Summae Scholae \ 

CoUegii apud Esmedunam Carmen Fami- T. Nicklin, Esq. 

liare. 4to. Camb. 1893 * 

Dupuis (N. F.). Elements of Synthetic Solid 

Geometry, 8vo. New York, 1893. 


Hertz (Dr Heinrich). Electric Waves. Au- 
thorised Englisn Translation by D. E. 

Tones. With a Preface by Lord Kelvin. 

8vo. Lond. 1893. 3.30.14 

Tarr (R. S.). Economic Geology of the United 

States. 8vo. New York, 1894. 3.26.12. 
Preston (Thos.). The Theory of Heat. 8vo. 

Lond. 1894. 3.30.16 

Thorpe (T. E.). Essays in Historical Chemistry. 

8vo. Lond. 1894 

^Richardson (G.) and A. S. Ramsey. Modem 

Plane Geometry. 8vo. Lond. 1894. 


Hammond (Rev T.). Henry Martyn,* as a \ 

Translatorofthe perfect Life. An Address: , 

October i6, 1891. (Mission Heroes). 

8vo. Lond. 1892 

*Selwyn (Bishop). (Mission Heroes). 8vo. ^ 

Lond. 1892 

•Butler (Sam.). L'origine Siciliana dell' Odis- > 

sea. (Estratto della <* Rassegna della Lett. < 

Siciliana.") 8vo. Acireale, 1893 ^ 

Poynting (J. H.), The Mean Density of the . 

Earth. (Adams Prize Essay, 1893). ^^o- { The Author. 

Lond. 1894. 3.30.15 ( 

Monumental Brass Society. Transactions. 

Vol. n. Part. iii. No. 13. 8vo. Lond. 

1894. Library Table 

•Whitworth (W. A.). Quam dilecta : a De- 
scription of AH Saints' Church, Margaret ' 

Street. 8vo. Lond. 1891. ii. 12.38 

The Real Presence, with other Essays. 

8vo. Lond. 1893. 11.1a.39. / 

Rev A. Caldecott. 

The Author. 

R. A. S. Macalister, Esq. 

The Author. 

The Library. 



•Easton (Rer J. G.). A First Book of Me- ) 

chanics for yoong beginners. 8vo. Lond. > xhc Author. 

1891. 3.31.27 « ) 

•Ness (Chr.). A Spiritual Legacy; being aV 

Pattern of Piety for all young Persons' 

Practice in a faithful Relation of the Life 

of Mr John Draper. i2mo. Lond. 1684. 

Pp. 13.8...... 

Harris (T. R.). A popular Account of the 

newly-recovered Gospel of St Peter. 8vo. 

Lond. 1893. 9.1 1.30 

Espinasse (Francis). Lancashire Worthies. 

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Ociober Term 


(Continued from /. tlOtJ 

|HE present instalment of Notes is concerned 
with some documents relating to our Foun* 
dress, the Lady Margaret. 

The date of the first deed is a little puzzling. 
If the regnal years of Edward IV be counted from his 
first assumption of the regal power (March, 146^; the 
date would be 2 June 1472. It is more likely that 
the regnal year is counted from the restoration of 
Edward IV (April 1471), which would make the date 
of the deed 2 June, 1482. This is also rendered more 
probable as we know that Sir Henry Stafford's will was 
proved in May 1482 (Cooper, Lt/e of the Lady Margaret 9 
p. 17), no doubt soon after his death. The terms of the 
deed shew that he was dead. 

Edmund, Earl of Richmond, the first husband of the 
Lady Margaret, died on All Souls' Day, 1456, and was 
buried in the house of the Grey Friars at Carmarthen. 
At the dissolution of the house his remains were 
removed to the Cathedral of St David's, where there 
is a monument to his memory (Cooper, pp. 10, 11). It 
will be observed that, at the time this deed was exe* 
cuted, it was proposed to remove his remains to the 
Abbey of Bourne in Lincolnshire : a house founded by 
the Lady Margaret. 

Sir Henry Stafford was buried at the College of 

338 Notes from the College Records. 

Plessy in Essex. By his will he endowed a chanti^ 
priest there to sing masses for his soul (Cooper, p. 17). 

The instrument which is preserved in College is 
that copy which was sealed by the Lady Margaret, 
a fragment of her seal being still attached. It may- 
be that after its execution it was delivered up to be 
cancelled, as it is cut through in half a dozen places 
with some sharp instrument. 

This endentur made atte Bawessej the seconde day of Juyn 
The yer of the Reigne of kyng Edward the fourth after the 
conquest the xij*^*, betwene Margaret Countesse of Richmond, 
doughter & heir of John late Due of Somerset in the oon 
partie, And the moost Reuerent fader m god Thomas by the 
miseracion diuine of the title of Seinte Ciriace in Termine of 
the holy chirch of Rome, preest, Cardynall and Archbisshop of 
Cauntirbury, the worshipfuUes faders in god Robert of Bathe & 
Welles, William of Wynchestre and John of Excestr Bisshops, 
John Erie of Wilteshir, Walter Blount knyght lord Mountjoye, 
Maister Owyn lloyd clerk, John Catesby serjeaunt of lawe, and 
Richard Page, William Hody and Reynold Bray, Gentlemen, in 
the other partie : Witnesseth that where the said Countess hath 
geuen, grauntted leten demised and deliuered to the said Car- 
dynall, Bisshops, Erie, Walter, Owyn, John Catesby, Richard, 
William and Reynold, the maners of Mertok, Cory Ryvell, Kynges- 
bury Regis and Cammell Regine with th appurtenances in the 
Countie of Somerset, the hnndredes of Bulston Abdykeand Hore- 
thorne with thappurtenances in the same Countie, the Burghes 
of Langport Estover and Langport Westover with thappurten- 
ances in the same countie, the maners of Sampford Peuerell and 
Allerpenerell with thapputtenances in the Countie of Deuonshire, 
the Burgh of Sampford Peuerell and the hundrede of Alberton 
with thappurtenances in the same Countie of Deuonshire, togidre 
with knyghtes fees, Advowsons of Chirches and Chauntreys, 
franchises, liberties, priuileges Whatsoeuer they be to the said 
maners, Burghes & hundredes or to any of them in any wise 
bilonging or perteinyng To haue and to hold to them, their 
hey res and assigns, for euermore to parforme and fulfill the 
Will of the said Countesse with thissues proufittes & reuenues 
of the said maners. Burghs and hundredes and other the 
premisses with their appurtenances commyng, as in a dede 

Notes from the College Recards. 339 

©f feoflfement thcrvpon made more playnly may appier. The 
Said Countesse wole and by these presents endented made 
vpon the said feofiement declareth hir will and intent for the 
parforming of and accomplisshing of certain charges here after 
specified that is to say : She Wole that all the issues, proufittes 
and reuenues of the said Maners, Burghes and hundredes and 
other the premises, with thappurtenances comyng and growyng, 
be leuied and gadred vp yerly by the said Reynold and ouer the 
reparacions and other charges of the same to be deliuered by the 
same Reynold to the said Bisshop of Wynchestre to and for the 
payment and contentacion of the dettes, as well of Edmond late 
Erie of Richmond fyrst husband to the said Countesse, As 
to and for the dettes of Henry Stafford knyght, son vnto 
Humfrey late Due of Buckyngham secunde husbond to the 
same Countesse, And also to the payment and contentacion 
of and for the costes and charges of and for the translatyng 
of the bones of the said Edmond oute of Wales where he is 
buryed, vnto the Abbey of Burne in the Countie of Lincoln, and 
of and for the costes and making of the Tumbes for the same 
bones and the body of the said Countesse, when it shall please 
god to send for hir, atte the same Abbey, honnrably according 
to their estates by thadvise of the same Countesse to be made. 
And also to and for the costes and makyng of a Tumbe to be 
made for the said Henry atte Plaisshey wher his bones lye, 
in semblable wyse. And also to the payment and contentacion 
of and for the costes and charges to and for the foundacion 
of two chauntreys of two preests perpetual!, oon at the same 
Abbey to he made and the other atte the College of Plaisshey 
in the Countie of Essex ; To syng and pray for their soules and 
other soules after the ordenance of the said Countesse to be 
made in that behalve. And to the costes and charges of and 
for the purchasyng of xij'*» marcs lyvelode by yer for the susten- 
tacion of euery of the said preestes and their successours and 
the amortizing of the same. And ouer this the said Countesse 
woU and by these present endentures declareth that the said 
Bisshop of Wynchestr or other persons such as he will assigne 
hy thadvise of the same Countesse shall make payment and 
contentacion with the said such issues proufittes and reuenues 
as is before specified for the said dettes and other charges 
before expressed by thadvice of the same Countesse. And if 
the said Bisshop of Winchestre or the said Reynold decesse 

340 Notes from the College Records. 

within the tyme of the said charge that then the said Countesse 
woll that other persons shall be assigned in their place and stede 
as shal be appointed by hir or by other persones such as she shall 
thereto ycve power and auctoritie. And also the said Countesse 
will that the said Reynold or such as shall be assigned in his 
place and stede as is beforesaid shall yerly make a due accompte 
and rekenyng of the Resceites and charges in this bihalue, 
before the said Bisshop of Wynchestre or such as he therto 
woll depute and assigne or before such persones as shall be 
assigned in his place and stede if he dye as is beforesaid till the 
tyme all the said charges be fully parformed and fulfilled. And 
ouer this the said Countesse Woll & by these present endentures 
declareth that as sone as all the said charges be fully complete 
and fynisshed with thissues proufittes and reuenues of the said 
maners. Burghs and hundredes & other the premises with 
thappurtenances or money sufficiant be received of the said 
issues proufittes and reuenues to the full accomplissement of 
the same charges, that then the said feoffees shall make astate 
of the said maners, Burghs and hundredes and other the 
premises with thappurtenances to Henry now Erie of Rich* 
mond son and heir to the said Edmond late Erie of Richemond 
To have and to hold to hym and his heyres of his body comyng. 
And for defaute of such issue the Remaindre thereof to the 
said Countesse and to hyr heyres and assignes for euermore. 
In Witness whereof to the oon part of thise endentures 
remaynyng towards the said Cardynall, Bisshops, Erie of Wilt- 
shire, Walter, Owyn, John Catesby, Richard, William and 
Reynold the said Countesse hath sette her seal; And to the 
6ther part of thise endentures remaynyng towards the said 
Countesse the said Cardynall, Bisshops, Erie of Wiltshire, 
Walter, Owyn, John Catesby, Richard, William and Reynold 
tiaue sette their seals yeven the place day and year aforesaid. 

The two de^ds which follow relate to the tomb 
of the Lady Margaret in King Henry the Seventh's 
Chapel, in Westminster Abbey. 

It was well known that this tomb was made by 
Pietro Torrigiano, the celebrated Florentine Sculptor, 
Mr J. W. Clark was, however, the first to point out 
that it was originally surrounded by a cage of gilt 

Notes from the College Records, 341 

iron-work resting on a stone plinth, which had not 
only disappeared, but all tradition even of its existence 
had been lost. This he discovered from an examina- 
tion of our Audit Books, and from some receipts for 
the work which have been preserved. From these 
receipts Mr Clark arrived at the exact cost {£,2^) of 
the iron cage. This, it appears, was paid for by the 
College, while the greater part of the cost of the tomb 
was borne by the Lady Margaret's executors. A full 
description of the tomb as it now exists, with a descrip- 
tion of the escutcheons and inscription by Erasmus, will 
be found in Mr Cooper's Life already cited (pp. 123 — 6), 
and some items relating to its cost will be found in the 
accounts of the executors iih, pp. 200 — i). 

The result of Mr J. W. Clark's researches will be 
found in Vol V. of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society's 
Communications y p. 265 — 271- 

These two deeds or contracts are of great interest as 
early examples of what we should now call specifications 
for the work. 

The patterns for the tomb, we learn from Mr Clark's 
paper, were prepared by Meynnart Wewyck, a Fleming. 
Its cost it will be observed waS;^4oo, which represents 
at least ;^4ooo at the present day. 

Symondson, the Smith, received £2^, It will also 
be noticed that there was a difference in the method in 
which they were paid — perhaps due to the difference 
between an artist and a craftsman. Torrigiano is paid 
the money down and enters into a bond with sureties 
to do the work. Symondson receives a payment on 
account and thereafter is to be paid by instalments 
as the work proceeds. 

The name of Frystoball or Frystobald, one of Torri- 
giano's sureties, occurs in a letter to Bishop Fisher 
already printed in these notes {Eagle^ XVI., p. 352). 

The iron for the grate was to be * bilbowe,' i.e. Bilbao 

This cndenture betwene the Right Reuercnde ffaders in 

342 Notes from the College Records. 

Criste Richard Bisshop of Winton, John Bisshop of Roffen, 
Charles Somerset, knight, lorde Herbert, Chamberleyn to our 
soueraigne lord the king, Thomas Lovell, knight, Henry Marney 
knight, John Seint John, knight, Henry Homeby and Hugh 
Ash ton clerkes and Excecutors of the testament of the late 
excellent princesse of noble memory Margarete the moder of 
our late soueraign lorde king Henry the vij'*» and Graundame 
to the king that now is on the oon partie And Peter Thoryson 
of fflorence graver on that other partie ; Witnesseth that the 
said Peter hath couenanted and bargayned and by these pre- 
sentes couenanteth and bargayneth with the said Executors 
to make or cause to be made at his owne propre cost and 
charge wele, clenly, sufficiantly and workemanly, A Tabernacle 
of copper with an ymage lying in the same Tabernacle and 
a best called an yas lying at the fote of the same Tabernacle, 
With like pillers, bases, chaptrels, gablettes, crokkettes, anelles, 
ffynials, orbs, housinges, Scocheons, graven with portecoleyses 
and Roses, all of copper and in like makyng length and brede 
according to A patron drawen in a Cloth the which is sealed 
with the seale of the said Peter and subscribed at the oon end 
with his owne hands, and is remaynyng in the custodye of the 
said executors. And the said Peter couenanteth, granteth, 
promytteth and byndeth hym by these presentes that he shall 
aswell and as sufficiauntly, or better, gilde or do to be gilded all 
the said Tabernacle, ymage, beest and all the premisses, as 
any ymage or ymages of any king or queyn within the 
Monastery of Westminster is or haue been gilded and that to be 
avewed and adiuged by such indifferent persons as by the said 
executors thereto shalbe assigned. And furdermore the said 
Peter couenaunteth, graunteth, promytteth and bindeth hym by 
these presentes to the said iLxecutours that he at his own costes 
and charges shall wele, sufficiauntly, clenly and werkemanly 
make or do to be made A Tombe otherwise called the case 
of a Tombe of good, clene and hable towche stone with all such 
werkmanship in the same as shalbe according to a patrone 
drawen and kerven in Tymbre and signed with thand and 
sealed with the seale of the said Peter and remaynyng in 
thandes of the said executours and a stappe or a grets of marble 
stone rounde aboute the same Tombe to knele vpon of syght 
bight and bredeth as shalbe assigned by the said executours 
a^nd also shall grave or do to be graven wele, clenly, werke- 

Nofes/rom ike College Records. 343 

manly and sufficiently viij sufficient and clenly scoucheons in 
such places of the same Tombe or case and with such armes as 
shalbe assigned by the said executours, And also at his owne 
costes shall make or do to be made wele clenly and werke- 
manly such borders graven all of copper aboute the creest, 
lydger or edge of the same Tombe with such scriptures the 
letters thereof graven outwards as shalbe assigned by the same 
executours. And the same Peter shall also gilde or do to be 
gilded the same borders and scriptures as well and sufficiauntly 
as he shall gilde the foresaid tabernacle^ ymage and other the 
premisses. And also the said Peter couenanteth and granteth 
by these presentes that he at his owne costes and charges shall 
well sufficiauntly and clenly polisshe all the said Tombe or case 
and scocheons. And the said Peter couenanteth and byndeth 
hym by these presentes that he shall at his owne costes and 
charges finde all the copper, touchestone, gold and all other 
stuff that shalbe spent and occupied in about and vpon the said 
tabernacle, ymage, beast, tomb or case and all other the pre* 
misses. And also that the same Tabernacle, ymage, beest, 
tombe or case and other the premisses shalbe wele and suffi- 
ciauntly wrought made graven and gilded after the fourme 
abovesaid and also shalbe sufficiauntly framed ioyned fixed and 
set vp in the south Isle of the Kinges new chapell at West- 
minster onthisside the first day of ffeuer the which shalbe in the 
yere of our lord M^V^.xij. And that in the said Tabernacle, 
ymage, beest, Tombe or case and ,other the premisses or in any 
part or parcell of them shall neither be brek, flawe, erasure nor 
any other deformyte. And that the lidger of the said tombe 
shalbe in length vij fote viij ynches of assise and in brede 
iij fote viij ynches of assise and all the other werk of the same 
tombe shalbe of sufficient length brede and height as shalbe 
aduised by the said executors or their assignes. And furder- 
more the said Peter couenanteth, granteth, promytteth and 
byndeth hym by these presentes that he from henceforth 
contyncwelly and daily at all tymes conuenient, shall put 
hymself in his faithfull devoir and diligence to werk or do 
to be wrought in vpon and about the werking & making of the 
foresaid tabernacle and tombe and other the premisses for the 
true expedecion performaunce and finisshement of the same 
afler the fourme abovesaid without any delay. And that it 
shalbe leeffull to the foresaid Bisshop of Roffen and Henry 

344 Notes from the College Records. 

Horneby and to William Bolton prior of the monastery of Seint 
Barthilmew in Westsmythfield of London and to euery of them 
and their assignes, at all tymes conuenient before the full 
finisshement of the said Tabernacle, tombe and other the 
premisses after the forme above declared without any let or 
contradicion of the said Peter, or of any other persone or 
persones, to enter and haue the oversight of the same taber* 
nacle and other the premisses, and to avewe and ouersee that 
the same Peter do his faithfull labor and diligence in werking 
of the same tabernacle and other the premises without delay. 
And furdermore it is couenanted, condescended and agreed 
betwene the said executors and Peter by these presentes that 
yf hereafter at any tyme or tymes before the finisshement of the 
foresaid tabernacle and other the premisses it shalbe thought 
by the said Bisshop of Roff., Henry Horneby and prior, or 
by any of them that any thyng expressed in the said patrons or 
in eny of them may be reformed and made better or otherwise 
than is expressed in the same patrons, or in eny of them, that 
than the same thing and thinges so found contrary to their 
myndes shalbe reformed and made after such forme as shall 
be aduised by them by thaggrement of the said Peter the 
couenantes before expressed in eny wise notwithstanding, ffor 
the which tabernacle, ymage, beast, tombe or case and all other 
the premisses by the said Peter to be wrought made gilded and 
in all things fully finisshed and set vp in the place abouesaid 
after the forme abouerehersed and for all the copper, gold, 
touchstone and other stuffs that shalbe spent and occupied, in, 
vpon and aboute the same The said executers couenante, 
grante, promytte and bynd them by these presentes to the said 
Peter to pay or do to be paid to the same Peter to his executors 
or assignes foure hundred poundes sterlinges at the ensealing 
of these presentes. Whereof the same Peter holdeth hym wele 
and truly contented and paid. And thereof and of euery part 
thereof clerely acquiteth and dischargeth the said executors and 
euery of them by these presentes. And the said executors for 
them and their executors woll and graunte by these presentes 
that yf the said Peter wele and truly performe obserue fulfill and 
kepe all and euery the couenantes grantes and premyses aboue- 
said the which on his part owen to be performed obserued 
and kept in maner and forme aboue rehersed, that than an 
obligacon of the date of these presentes^, Wherein the said 

Notes from the College Records. 345 

Peter and Leonard ffristobald and John Awalcant merchauntes 
of fflorence be hold and bound to the said executors in fyve 
hundred poundes sterlinges, shalbe void and had for nought, 
and els it shall stond in full strength and vertue. In Witnesse 
whereof the said parties to these endentures chaungeably haue 
set their seales yoven the xxiij day of Novembre the third yere 
of the Reigne of King Henry the viij*^. 

perme Piero Torrigiani Schultore florintino. 

This Indenture made betwene Maister Nicholas Metcalf 
Gierke, Maister of the College of Seint John the Evangeliste 
in the vnyuersitie of Cambridge, And William Longford clerk 
on that oon partie, And Cornelyus Symondson of the parishe of 
Seint Clement Danes without the barres of the newe Temple of 
London in the Countie of Middlesex, Smythe, on that other 
partie, Witnesseth that it is couenaunted bargayned and 
aggreed betwene the seid parties by these presentes in manner 
and fourme folowyng that is to sey. The said Cornelyus coue« 
naunteth, grauntith, and hym byndeth by these presentes that 
he shall make frame fynysshe and sett vp, or cause to be 
made framed fynysshed and sett vp, a grate of Iron to 
stande aboute the Tombe of the moost excelent pryncesse lady 
Margaret, late Countesse of Rychemond and Derby, sett in 
the Isle of the Southside of the newe Chapell of Kyng Henry 
the vij'>» at Westmynster, of Suche maner and forme as hereafter 
shalbe rehersed, that is to wete, ffirst the Soyle of the said grate 
to be made of Iron lettyn into the Steppe of hardstone goyng 
round aboute the said Tombe, and in euery syde of the said 
Tombe shalbe iij pr)'ncipalle poostcs of Iron, that is to say two 
corner postes whiche shalle aunswere to the werkes both at 
ende and atte syde that they serue for, and oon poste of Iron in 
the myddes on euery of the two sydes to aunswer to his werkes, 
and euery poost shall haue a butteras with a baase to aunswere 
booth weys, with a water Table in the middes to aunswere 
lykewyse and with a Chaptrell above and a Creste of three 
ynches and a half brode to goo rounde aboute the said werke 
and to be joyned to the seid Chaptrelles, the which creste shalbe 
made and vented after the fashion and werkmanship of the 
creste aboute the grate q{ my lord of Seint Johns Tombe, above 
the whiche creste euery principall shalle ryse a foot and a half 
and shall here a Repryse with a busshe of Daysyes vpon it, and 

346 Notes /ro7n the College Records, 

the foresaid creste shalbe made with a casement of two ynctie* 

and a half, the whiche shalbe garnysshed Rounde aboute with 

perculyus and roses> eche of them to stand within half a ffoot 

of a nother. And the seid grate shalbe in hight from the 

vppersyde of the Soyle vnto the neyther syde of the crest four 

foot and a half to be garnysshed with arras barres of threes 

quarters of an ynche square, wele and clene hamared, Sa 

that the denies of the hammer be not seen in them, fyxed 

in the seid soyle, and to the seid creste, aboue the whiche 

creste shalbe a dowble crest booth within and without after the 

crest of Seint Johns aforesaid. And the said barres to be sett 

eche within three ynches of other rounde aboute the seid grate,. 

And over the seid creste there shalbe ffiowredelyces rounde 

aboute to shewe lyke good in workmanship aswell within^ 

towarde the seid Tombe As without. And betwene euery 

flowredelyce a spere point, to shewe likewise,, vnder thendes- 

of the flowredelyce aunswering eyther a flowredelyce or a 

spere point to euery Arras barre that Standeth vnder All the. 

WHICHE seid grate with almaner scochyns, flowredelyces and 

other thynges thereto perteyning, the said Comely us coue- 

nantith grauntith and hym byndeth by these prcsentes that 

they shalbe made of bylbowe Iron wele, clene and workemanly 

wrought, and shalbe fynyshed and sett vp in alle and euery 

thinge atte propre costes and charges of the said Cornelyus 

onthisside the feast of Easter whiche shalbe in the yere of our 

Lord M^CCCCC and xxviij*» ffor the whiche seid grate in 

alle thynges apperteynyng to Smythes craft after the fourme 

aforeseid to be made and sett vp. The seid Maister Nicholas 

Metcalf and William Longford couenaunte and graunte by these 

presentes that they shall pay or cause to be paide to the seid 

Cornelyus or his assignes twenty and fyve poundes of good and 

lawfull money of England in maner and forme folowyng that 

isto wete, in hande atte ensealyng of these indentures, fyve 

poundes ii}»- iii)<*- wherof the seid Cornelyus knowlegeth hyna 

self wele and truly contented and paide. And thereof acquytetb 

and dischargeth the seid Nicolas and William their executors 

and assignes by these presentes, And the Resydue to be paide 

for the seide werke after the Rate of the weyght, as the same 

werke gooth forward In Witnesse whereof the seid parties to 

these indentures interchaungeably haue sett their sealles Yoven 

the xiij'*» day of Decembre the xviij*^ yere of the Reigne of 

Kyng Henry the viij^^. 

fTo hi continued.) 

R. F. S. 


A Study in Folklore. 

Spread, my Pegasus, thy pinions, 

While this tragedy I tell 
Of a king, who his dominions 

Governed wisely, governed well. 
But as preface be it stated 

That, as far as man may know. 
The events to be narrated 

Happened several years ago. 

His said Majesty, however, 

Had a daughter — fair princess: 
Legendary monarchs never 

Boasted either more or less: 
She, like those in other stories. 

Was of beauty rich and rare ; 
Full description of her glories — 

You may read it anywhere. 

But alas ! the regulation 

Fairy godmother had she, 
Who was huffed by some vexation, 

As 'tis usual she should be; 
Fairy, who with spiteful frowning, 

All her manners quite forgot. 
Said the chit should die by drowning, 

Spake, and vanished from the spot. 

34^ The Maiden Castle. 

For the rescue of her charmer 

Princely lover should there be, 
Turning into melodrama 

This portended tragedy. 
Yet none came. *Twas not surprising: 

One can see the awkwardness 
Of a monarch advertising 

In the columns of the Press. 

Then the king (what king surrenders 

Without struggle to his fate?) 
Straightway wrote inviting tenders 

For a lofty tower and great: 
Gave no heed to spare his cofifers; 

Yet, by wisdom unforsaken, 
Guarded lest the lowest offers 

Necessarily be taken. 

Came the architects with tracings, 

Came the masons with their tools, 
Came with bricks and granite facings. 

Hammers, chisels, plumbs, and rules; 
Till a tower of strength and tallness 

Rose upon a lonely height; 
Windows of exceeding smallness : 

All the doors were water-tight. 

In the tower his hapless daughter 

Like a convict was immured, 
And her abstinence from water 

Most religiously secured. 
Yet is fate too strong for mortals, 

Nor could aught forfend the worst. 
Though the massive iron portals 

E'en a deluge had not burst. 

For a lover had the maiden. 
Though no princely scion he. 

Who each evening ladder-laden 
To the tower came secretly: 

The Maiden Castle* 349 

Then 'neath darkness' kind protection 

To her window would he pass, 
And the pair with fond affection 

Kissed each other through the glass. 

Sadly did the princess linger, 

Till an inspiration came. 
As with diamond-circled finger 

On the pane she scratched his name : 
Then, her love the strength supplying, 

Stopping nor to sleep nor eat, 
Wrought she, till the glass was lying 

On the carpet at her feet. 

Came her lover with his ladder. 

And for flight her soul was nerved; 
But alas! her fate was sadder 

Than such constancy deserved: 
For she thought she heard a creaking, 

(Fate's grim shears her thread had cut:) 
Started, slipped her foot, and shrieking 

Fell into the water-butt. 

In the tower, repining deeply, 

Held they inquest on the maid. 
Then the place was bought up cheaply 

By the local building trade. 
Yet the traces, faint and broken. 

Of its circle may one see. 
Sole and last memorial token 

Of this tearful tragedy. 

R. H. F. 


(Read at a meeting of the Critics, October 20th, 1894.) 

jE are continually told, and volume after volume, 
as it comes from the publishers, attired in the 
greenest and goldenest of bindings, reminds 
us that our age has banished Genius, and 
chooses to set up in her place the images of Cleverness 
and Superficiality. It is the complaint of all the arts, 
but more especially has the sacred domain of letters 
suffered from the intrusion of these new deities. Instead 
of the great poets who even during their lifetime have 
won immortality, we have dozens of ephemeral versi- 
fiers, turning out their little books *day after day, 
gaily-dressed weaklings ! And for our great masters 
and mistresses of prose style — for Thackeray or George 
Eliot, with their deep knowledge of the human 
character and their perfect science of artistic treat- 
ment, we have next to nothing to show but a crowd of 
blatant essayists, ignorant adventurers in psychology, 
ready to weave their flimsy epigrams on any and every 
subject under Heaven. 

But from the press of literary folk, visible to all, 
there stands out one figure in stature a very Saul 
among that lesser herd, one who has deigned to enter 
into their midst and touch their tools, who has not 
stood outside the press, like certain faultless stylists, 
but has brought into it a full measure of that old 
divinity which the gods of an earlier age possessed. 
He has handled the implements of the literary crafts- 
man, and in his hand they have willingly lost their 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 35 1 

bluntness, and adapted themselves readily to any 
material. Robert Louis Stevenson is a Michelangelo 
of letters, capable of the most minute and delicate gold- 
smith's work, a bold-handed, great-brained statuary, a 
consummate adept with pencil and brush. 

It is only now and then that we find talent of this 
sort springing up and bearing fruit on whatever ground 
it is sown, finding moisture in the hardest and stoniest 
soil as well as in rich and fertile earth. The ordinary 
man, as a rule, finds his own province and cultivates it, 
infringing nowhere beyond his proper boundaries, and 
seldom setting his foot outside his own kingdom. But 
here we have one to whom every province is the same, 
whose kingdom is the whole world, to whose call nature 
and man, in wholesome federation, yield ready obedi- 
ence. No man has ever been at home among so many 
men and in so many different kinds of places as Mr 

For it is in his wonderful versatility that his chief 
charm resides. Wherever he sets foot he is at home. 
He is novelist, essayist, traveller, poet, playwright all 
in one. He can invest the most unpromising material 
with magic : the most prosaic subject clothes itself 
amply in romance at obedience to his command. And 
his versatility extends beyond his choice of subject 
into his treatment. No two books were ever less alike 
than Prince Otto and the New Arabian Nights \ and 
certainly the most far-sighted expert could not be 
expected to discover unaided their author in Virginibus 
Ptierisque or, to go further still into the unlikely, in 
the Child's Garden of Verses. There is a common link 
of style, but even that is again and again of the 
thinnest — but beyond that, what ? 

This strange ability, we might almost say, of taking 
an interest in anything, has provided for us a remark- 
ably various repast. At his invitation we may batten on 
American prairies, or seek a meal on the barren rocks 
of Earraid, or stay to eat at Will o' the Mill's hostelry. 

352 Robert Louts Stevenson. 

or consume cream tarts in the bar at Leicester Square s 
so many are the caravanserais he has set up on the high 
road of his imagination. Indeed, it is a vast Palace 
of Pleasure that Mr Stevenson has built for us, into 
which, while we sit at meat, eating delicacies of his 
concoction, figure after figure enters. Alan Breck, in 
all his tarnished frippery, sits down with us, and, with 
ruffling air, calls for wine. Prince Florizel of Bohemia — 
now, alas ! plain Mr Godall — enters, smoking a choice 
cigar from the divan of his adversity, and, leaning on 
the arm of that other deposed Sovereign, Prince Otto 
of Grdnewald, lends him some of the practical philo- 
sophy which he himself borrowed from the neglect 
of his duties : John Silver stumps in, singing " Yo, 
ho, ho ! and a bottle of rum ! " and we see them 
coming in one by one, one after another, all those 
figures we know so well, each with his own tell-tale 
trick of speech or gesture — and the while Mr Stevenson 
gently flutes to us and gives us right royal entertain- 

It would be a very difficult thing to decide Mr 
Stevenson's peculiar province amid such a wide diverg- 
ence of subject. Fortunately we can give the riddle up 
at first hearing. He has no peculiar province : he has 
established many joint kingships. But one sovereignty 
unquestioned belongs to him alone. He is the prince 
of raconteurs. He comes to us with material, unpro- 
mising enough at first sight, and we sit round him 
in languid expectancy. He begins to speak : a sentence, 
and we feel that he is no common talker ; two sentences, 
and we hang on his lips and hear him to the end of his 
tale. And at the end, we are ready to listen again and 
again to his inexhaustible fund of narrative. 

For it is in his homeliness, the conversational 
simplicity of his style, that his tharm rests. To read — 
say Vtrgimbus Puerisque or Memories and Portraits — 
is to listen to a series of reminiscences told by the most 
delightful of story-tellers. The ear catches everything : 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 353 

the narrator carefully modulates his voice and chooses 
his words so that his hearers can detect the very least 
link in his story without difficulty ; he uses metaphor in 
magnificent abundance, productive of a purely aesthetic 
delight. There is no page in Mr Stevenson's works 
which does not read perfectly easily and naturally. 
There are no bewildering contortions of style to lead 
the eye continually backwards, and accuse the mind 
of dulness and want of comprehension : there are no 
unheard-of technical words to drive the vast majority 
of general readers into foreign dictionaries. Everything 
is simple, straightforward and natural. 

The root of the matter lies in the accident of Mr 
Stevenson's nationality. He is a Scot of Scots, and 
the freshness and simplicity of the Scottish character 
breathe through all his work. And it is a natural 
characteristic of the Scotsman to find himself at home 
everywhere. There are tales of Scots who have been 
Pachas, Grandees of China, Hetmans, and Cossack 
chiefs, and have acted up to their positions with 
exemplary readiness: and Mr Stevenson ranks with 
these. His books come to us from the most extra- 
ordinary quarters of the Western Hemisphere : Memories 
and Portraits is dated from a steamship in the Pacific : 
the Black Arrow comes to us from Sarranac Lake, 
wherever that is! and, now that the wanderer has 
eventually rested his foot, it is not in " Auld Reekie," 
nor in any of those Fifeshire fishing-lowns he pictures — 
Dysart or the Anstruthers or St. Andrew's — but in a 
far-off island of the Pacific where, surrounded by 
tropical forests and almost worshipped by the natives 
in terms which recall the beginnings of folklore or — 
let us say — Mr Rider Haggard's wildest fancies, he 
writes, in collaboration with his son-in-law, books like 
the Wrong BoXy a volume which no more savours of 
the Pacific and the Tropics than Butler's Analogy or 
Gibbon's Decline and Fall, 

Yet in spite of his manifold experience and variety 


354 Robert Louts Stevenson. 

of travel, his heart is in Scotland. His essays, those 
charming garden-walks where Gravity walks side by 
side with Humour, bring us ta his native land. Who 
can easily forget such delightful essays as The Lantern 
Bearers^ or the Coasts of Fife^ or the gossip on Some 
Portraits by Raeiurn f But the most vivid picture he 
has given us of Scottish life and character is in Memories 
and Portraits. The book, or, rather, its first half, is a 
collection of semi-autobiographic essays — each of them 
a complete gem. He has created for us a picture of life 
at a Scottish University much as Victor Hugo drew the 
University of medieval Paris. He touches with a play- 
ful regret on the days that are past — he lovingly re- 
members the old figures and faces. " To-day," he saysy 
"they have Professor Butcher, and I hear he has a 
prodigious deal of Greek: and they have Professor 
Chrystal, who is a man filled with the mathematics.*' 
But it is the professors whom he knew and whose 
lectures he never attended — for he confesses to havings 
been a sad truant — that he regrets. His were the days 
of the Speculative Society, a body bearing one of those 
quaint and pretentious names which sounded better 
than they sound now, and in one of his pleasantest 
scenes he takes part in founding a college magazine 
with those brilliant students of whom he has given us 
such magnificent portraits. 

Perhaps when we think over this charming book, 
those two portraits stand out most clearly in our memory 
— the portraits of James Walter Ferrier and Robert 
Glasgow Brown. Of Ferrier, who, we read, went " ta 
ruin with a kind of kingly abandon like one who conde- 
scended — but once ruined, with the lights all out, he 
fought as for a kingdom : " of Brown " of all men. .the 
most like to one of Balzac's characters" who "led a 
life, and was attended by an ill-fortune that could be 
properly set forth only in the Comedie Humaine." The 
passages bear reading over and over again: in the 
whole realm of prose it is hard to find two characters 

Robert Louts Stevenson. 355 

more splendidly pourtrayed than these. And, taking up 
the book once again, and looking through its pages, we 
iind this masterly power of portraiture everywhere : the 
gardener and the shepherd of Swanston : the author's 
father, the builder of Skerry vore, and, to take perhaps 
the best instance of all, Robert Hunter, the Sheriff of 
Dumbarton, " chatting at the eleventh hour under the 
shadow of eternity, fearless and gentle," And as clearly 
as we see these old friends of Mr Stevenson, so clearly 
do we see in his pages the quaint folk of the past : the 
Lord Justice Clerk Braxfield, Hackston of Rathillet, 
covering his mouth with his cloak, and standing by in- 
active at the murder of Archbishop Sharp, and, last but 
not least, the great John Knox, that sturdy confessor 
proclaiming his " Trumpetblast against the Monstrous 
Regiment of Women," or, in far different guise, sitting, 
a very Gamaliel among his adoring college of women- 
folk in his exile at Geneva. 

Mr Stevenson's appreciation of Scottish character is 
balanced by his love for Scottish scenery. In spite of 
his expressed suspicion that we hear too much of 
scenery in literature, Mr Stevenson does not disguise 
from us his powers in that line. He brings out his 
sketch-book for us, and what a perfect series of sketches 
of Scottish rivers he shows us. " How often and will- 
ingly" he says "do I not look again in fancy on 
Tummel or Manor, or the talking Airdle, or Dee smiling 
in its Lynn : or the bright burn of Kiimaird, or the 
golden burn that pours and sulks in the den behind 
Kingussie ! " It would be delightful to continue the 
quotation, but the quotation would mean the whole 
essay, and the essay would lead to the whole book. 

Where, however, have we so much of the glorious 
northern country, the land of the western isles, and the 
mystic mountain Schiehallion, and the northern shores 
that are lighted by the midnight sun, as in Kidnapped} 
For in that wonderful book, in one sense Mr Stevenson's 
masterpiece, we are shown the Lowlands and the High- 

356 Robert Louts Stevenson. 

lands both as, I venture to say, we have never seen them 
before. From the point where David Balfour saw the 
high land fall away at his feet and below it the plain of 
Midlothian, and the port of Leith, with the ships riding 
at anchor, and the city of Edinburgh in the midst of all 
"smoking like a kiln" — what a chord that phrase 
touches ! — through his terrible privations in the Isle of 
Earraid ; his journey across Mull, and his flight with 
Alan Breck through the heather to the point where he 
sees the lights of Queensferry again, and visits once 
more the house of Shaws — we have a splendid panorama 
unrolled before us, unequalled in extent, unsurpassed in 
colour. He who has read Kidnapped^ even if his is 
merely the minimum of imagination, has been to Scot- 
land and has seen Glencoe and the braes of Appin and 
Mamore as really as any man of those parts. 

It is a very hackneyed comparison, certainly — but it 
occurs naturally to the reader to compare Kidnapped 
with Homer. Kidnapped^ whose title can hardly be said 
to be as happy or natural as that of the Iliad or Odyssey^ 
has all their lightness and airiness, all their steady, 
quick action ; all their romance and bravery of subject. 
Mr Henry James, in his excellent essay on Mr 
Stevenson, deprecates the business of the House of 
Shaws in this connexion. It is true, of course, that the 
adversities of David Balfour in the house of his uncle 
form a somewhat long prelude, and the real Homeric 
interest of the book does not begin until the unfortunate 
victim of treachery helps to guard the round house: 
but, after all, the comparison holds good, for the Odyssey 
shows the same hesitation, and we have several books 
of very dull and inactive prelude, dealing with Tele- 
machus and the island of Calypso — surely a far less 
busy spot than the House of Shaws ! — before we get to 
the gist of the matter. In Kidnapped^ we reach the real 
point of departure on board ship. There Alan Breck, 
an Ulysses with the speed of Achilles, and the hot- 
headedness of Ajax, meets us, and there, if we may say 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 357 

so, the Homeric pendulum begins to swing. What 
shall we say of David's wanderings across Mull ; of his 
meeting with the two catechists, who recall at once 
Thersites and Nestor ; of the murder of the Red Fox, 
and of that unsurpassed flight, when the two fugitives 
leapt the water-fall and lay all day in the baking sun 
on the top of the unsheltered rock, watching and fearing 
the red-coats, and were captured by Cluny's man and 
led to Cluny's cave ? It is Homer writing again ; Mr 
Stevenson is the mere agent. And the finest and most 
Homeric scene of all is before us when the two fugitives 
walk together for days, David Balfour in high dudgeon 
with Alan, and Alan taunting and scoffing at David. 

But to what end is it to recount all these scenes ? 
Each may find them for himself as he turns over the 
pages of that wonderful book. And, in lauding its 
charms, we have naturally slipped from Mr Stevenson's 
love of Scotland to his romantic powers. The two are 
inseparably connected: the Scottish, with all their 
hard-headedness and metaphysical ability, are the most 
romantic nation on the face of the earth. Their scenery 
is so different to that of any other country, and presents 
such startling discrepancies to itself, that, in the hardest 
heads, that habit of mind is fostered which makes for 
strangeness and variety, and creates romance out of 
incident. Granted that Victor Hugo is at the head of 
romanticists : Scott is not far behind, and the " Wizard 
of the North " has resigned his mantle to Mr Stevenson. 
And Mr Stevenson has enriched it with the gems of 
perfect style. 

For Mr Stevenson has very little taste for the 
mysteries of psychology. He has read his Balzac 
and his Flaubert, and he duly appreciates them as 
authors of supreme skill, who can probe the soul of 
man to its lowest depths. But it is not in their pages 
that he delights to dwell : he wonders at, but takes 
no pleasure in, this scientific research, this leisurely 
vivisection, and turns with relief from the dissecting 

358 Robert Louis Stevenson. 

room to the open air, where he may find a broader 
field for adventure. From the day when he bought 
the sheets of characters appertaining to Skelt's Juvenile 
Drama, at '* a penny plain and twopence coloured," to 
the day when he closed for the fifth time the last 
volume of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne^ he has set his 
heart on Romance, and wooed her assiduously. He 
loves, with a boy's healthy and untarnished love, a 
story with a plot — and a plot into which something 
of the marvellous and the improbable may enter — in 
which dead kings and princes and the famous men 
of the earth that have left a name behind them may 
stalk proudly in a brilliant pageant. To turn from 
these splendid scenes, from the long series of volumes 
in which Athos, Porthos, Aramis and d'Artagnan 
commit the wildest improbabilities and direct the 
affairs of Europe, back to the pitiful and sordid career 
of Lousteau or Lucien de Rubempr6, with their trifling 
episodes of ca/d or opera-house, is uncongenial to Mr. 
Stevenson. He loves a book which carries him away 
to times past, which sets him in the company of the 
brave and gay of old, rather than to sit and hear Balzac 
lecture on the physiology of de Rastignac, or Flaubert 
demonstrate on the depravations of Emma Bovary. 

No! he has not outgrown his youth: the hands 
of his watch have not yet passed those moments in 
which he took Scott and Dumas into his truancy* And 
his chief delight is in recalling his own youth, and in 
writing of youth, its hopes and aspirations, its doubts 
and distresses, and of the joie de vivre which over- 
masters all. To be young! To be young! that is 
his ideal of bliss. To grow old is impossible with 
him, for the bloom of youth, if it departs from the 
body, communicates its suave gentleness to the heart 
and prints it there imperishably. He goes back to the 
very age when children first begin to feel and under- 
stand anything, when their ideas are the crudest and 
their words are the simplest : he throws himself back 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 359 

with that easy readiness and grace of movement which 
he commands alone, and writes in the plainest and most 
natural expressions of childhood, that exquisite book. 
The Child's Garden of Verses^ unrivalled in its perfect 
poetry and unalloyed simplicity. It is a garden indeed, 
a garden whose flowers bloom with the purity and 
naive insouciance of infancy. He seeks no external 
aid : he tells no nursery tales or fairy fancies : he gives 
us purely the ideas and feelings of childhood in incom- 
parable verse : the sentiments of childhood on good and 
evil : its speculations, for example, on the little boy who 
is dirty and slovenly : 

He is a naughty boy, Tm sure, 
Or else his dear papa is poor; 

its feeling towards animals: 

The friendly cow, all red and white 

I love with all my heart: 
She gives me cream with all her might 

To eat with apple tart. 

Or its joy in its amusements : 

When I was sick and lay a-bed, 
I had two pillows at my head ; 
And all my toys beside me lay 
To keep me happy all the day. 

He goes on to tell how the child made its soldiers 
defile through the creases of the quilt, and built fortresses 
here and there : 

I was the giant, great and still 
That sits upon the pillow hill. 
And sees before him dale and plain. 
The pleasant land of counterpane. 

Let us quote one more pleasant verse from the book— 
a piece of advice this time : 

Children, you are very little; 
And your limbs are very brittle. 
If you would grow great and stately 
You must learn to walk sedately. 

. 3 6o Robert Louis Stevenson. 

Surely it is this self-concentration, this speculative 
habit of mind that is the chief feature of a child's 
character : this precious and invaluable love of make- 
believe and dramatic pretence. Mr Stevenson's book 
is by no means a mere collection of new nursery- 
rhymes : it is an accurate, careful study of childhood, 
and would hardly, one may think, be so attractive to 
children as to their elders. 

But, though Mr Stevenson's fancy roams freest in 
the realm of youth, his books afford meat for all ages of 
man. Provided only that a man retains his love of 
what is simple and healthy and young, and is not a 
mere receptacle for abstractions, he cannot fail to enjoy 
this wonderful series of books, which he learns to love 
when he is a boy at school. He can never tire of 
reading these volumes which show us youth in so many 
shapes and under such different aspects: of again 
making acquaintance with bright boys and hopeful 
youths all instinct with the happiness of living for 
life's sake, full of young dreams and bright purposes. 
Mr Stevenson has no very startling message for us: 
he blows no theological or philosophical trumpet : he 
touches us softly on the shoulder and says, '* Be young, 
and strong, and pure and happy." 

There is a very strong likeness between Mr Steven- 
son and that great man, Prince Florizel, of Bohemia. 
It is true that the owner of Vailima seems little likely 
to sink into the fragrant obscurity of a tobacconist's 
shop: but in his love for curious adventures and his 
passion for giving entirely palatable advice, he has 
unconsciously depicted himself in his own creation. 
The feeling which prompted Florizel to leave that 
turbulent kingdom. Seaboard Bohemia, in order to 
play Haroun-al-Raschid in London streets, has 
prompted Mr Stevenson to travel at a donkey's tail 
through Velay and Gevaudan, and to experience the 
privations of an American emigrant train. It is the 
insatiable love of romance which conquers him and 
holds him a ready prisoner. 

Robert Louis Stevenson^ 3 6 1 

He has given Prince Florizel, with whom he has 
so much in common, to his most romantic books, the 
New Arabian Nights and its sequel. The Dynamiter. 
He would be a happy man who, if wrecked, like a 
Jules Verne hero, on a desert island, with no apparent 
chance of ever quitting it, had, among his saved 
possessions, copies of these two books. For they 
furnish a marvellous amount of entertainment: there 
is a cloak of gravity upon them, a decent solemnity of 
style, a certain pomposity and richness of phrase which 
endears them to us. There is nothing more lovable 
than a gay heart under a temperate, comely and 
discreet deportment. And, beyond this, the narrator 
has thrown a veil of mystery and Oriental secrecy 
round the most commonplace circumstances of ordinary 
life. It is impossible to forget that close to the 
intensely prosaic Strand, in the purlieus of Charing 
Cross, lay the den of the Suicide Club : that Mr 
Malthus, that paralytic child of a nightmare, fell 
with a thud over the parapet of Trafalgar Square, 
propelled by the assassin's hand : that in a quiet 
square, not a whit different from those we see in every 
part of the West End, Zero meditated his horrid 
schemes, and experimented with his deadly engines. 

This is the quality which endears the Ne^v Arabian 
Nights to us : this air of plausible impossibility. We 
expect to find Suicide Clubs and mysterious young 
ladies in the streets of Bagdad: but to find them in 
London would be an unattainable triumph. And that 
makes the books more enchanting. To see a possible 
mystery, to know that any quiet suburban villa may 
be a very Golconda, adds a palatable taste to our 
walks through the familiar highways of London. 
There is always a mystery which hangs round a vast 
city: a picturesque romance with an impenetrable 
background of horror and fear, springing from the 
very presence of a huge population, and seen in the 
strange faces and forms that cross our path, and the 
VOL. xvm. BBB 

362 Robert Louis Stevenson, 

long, dull rows of shops and houses which line our 
way. We wonder what lies behind each v^indow, what 
secret, what history may not lurk at the back of each 
key-hole. On this feeling, doubly intensified, Mr 
Stevenson's work is founded, and under its uncontested 
influence these wonderful romances have been written. 
There is only one other author who could have treated 
the subject from this entirely romantic point of view- 
Mr Wilkie Collins. How he would have treated it, 
is hardly open for us to say, though we could make 
a shrewd guess. That his treatment, with all his 
abnormal imaginative powers, would have been inferior 
to Mr Stevenson's, goes without saying. 

The same influence lends itself to Dr Jekyll and 
Mr Hyde. That specious story — for surely no wild 
tale was ever told with such a valiant show of proba- 
bility — derives a great deal of its charm from the old 
house in which Dr Jekyll lived his double life, the old 
gabled building with its back door, through which 
Hyde stumped at midnight to fetch the cheque; the 
window round the street corner where Mr Utterson 
and his cousin, one fine Sunday afternoon, saw Dr 
Jekyll sitting in profound melancholy. It is impossible 
to read of the house, and picture it to oneself, without 
thinking with a delightful shudder how many houses 
of precisely that type one has passed during one's 
life — it may be, daily. There is only one other 
house in the range of fiction which excites the same 
dramatic interest, the same repellent attraction — fronx 
quite diflferent reasons, however: and that is the 
boarding-house of Madame Vauquer, in Le Pere Goriot. 

But Dr Jekyll does not, like the Neiv Arabian Nights,, 
make wholly for romance. Mr Stevenson, let us repeat, 
seldom investigates psychology. None can sketch 
character better — a line here and a dot there, and he 
gives us the complete sketch of a trait or habit. It 
is this Titanic power of drawing character merely by 
inference, as it were — for the characters of his novels 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 363 

are never presented nakedly to our eyes, but we catch 
their lineaments from a mere incident or a trifling 
conversation — it is this power that gives him his 
impartial disdain for laborious dissection. And it is 
only in Dr Jekyll that he has striven wholly and 
entirely to show his readers a phase of character, and 
even then he must weave a garment of romance 
wherein to wrap the nakedness of his design. Dr 
Jekyll is a happy experiment in a field where Mr Stead 
has clumsily set his hob-nailed boot, and where Mr 
Oscar Wilde has delicately stepped, his patent-leather 
shoe creaking soft epigrams. Mr Stevenson, of this 
various trio, is, it goes without saying, far the most 
successful. The tale is very specious: the characters 
are so very matter-of-fact, the staid professional men 
whom we see day by day in their consulting-rooms 
and at the dinner-table : we can believe a tale like 
this, for it has every evidence of likelihood. And 
further, it would be a supremely hard task to find such 
natural and life-like doctors and lawyers as the three 
friends, Dr Jekyll, Dr Lanyon, and Mr Utterson. 
Seldom has anything more pathetic been written than 
the history of their gradual estrangement and the 
sorrow it works in the breasts of these three grave, 
staid, reserved practitioners. Mr James, in the essay 
alluded to before, has found fault with one feature of 
the book — the disclosure of the means by which Dr 
Jekyll procured his double nature. But that is part 
of the effect intended by the book. It will not leave 
us in mystery as to its secret: it will be plain and 
matter-of-fact with us. And who shall say it has 
not succeeded ? 

Pursuing this leisurely stroll among the creations 
of Mr Stevenson, let us go back to the New Arabian 
NightSy the starting-point of our discussion of Dr 
Jekylly and start again down another bye-walk. Not 
the least attractive and picturesque of that collection 
of wonderful tales is the short story called A Lodging 

364 Robert Louis Stevenson. 

for the Nighty which takes us from Mr Stevenson's 
enchanted London to the city where all enchantment 
is concentrated ; to Paris, and into the squalid den 
where Master Fran9ois Villon, Master of Arts, herds 
with his fellow-students and co-partners in roguery. 
Mr Stevenson, with his frank Bohemianism, does not 
scruple to enter this abode of thieves. He discloses 
them all to us : Guy Tabary, Th^venin Pens6te and 
Dom Nicolas, the monk of Picardy, gambling and 
quarrelling with their royal disdain of virtue and 
honesty: men who have abjured the world, and have 
created one of their own, a world into which few can 
penetrate without horror, a world whose virtues, such 
as they are, are bred of vices. There they indulge 
in their wine and count their spoil, and shake their 
sides with the laughter which has its end in bloodshed. 
This wonderful picture of Villon and his associates 
has its pendant in Men and Books. There we have, 
written in the lightest and most comprehensible style, 
the life of Villon, the tale of his squalor and misery, 
of his vile loves, his bitter and wolfish hatreds, his 
sneaking subterfuges and his escapes from the gallows. 
It is an unpleasant story, no doubt, but the gay love 
of adventure and of strange sides of life which gave 
birth to Prince Florizel and new life to Alan Breck 
Stewart, now fans the ashes of the scholar and pick- 
pocket whose verses are, with the Divifia Coinmedia 
and the Canterbury Tales^ the most valuable legacy 
of the Middle Age. The sly villain, with his splendid 
humour, his sad old-time verses, the Ballad of Dead 
Ladies and the Ballad of Dead Lords wafting their 
fragrance to us over a gap of four hundred years, 
with his swinish grossness, stands before us as he did 
before the folk of Paris — a very shifty figure, with a 
ragged coat and a sly foxy face, with incomparable 
rhymes in his own pocket and the nimble fingers that 
wrote them in the pocket of another. We can see 
him treading swiftly along the Paris streets from one 

Robert Louts Sttvenson. 365 

rookery to another, ever on the look-out for danger, 
viewed askance by honest burghers, yet all the while 
meditating some Ballade or Rondel which shall make 
his name famous long after the most reputable of 
them all has been laid in his grave and turned to 
nameless dust. 

It is a splendid piece of portraiture, worthy of Rem- 
brandt. But Villon is by no means the only figure 
which we meet in the pages of this book. Such a 
jumble of folk was seldom seen. Victor Hugo hob-nobs 
with Burns; Samuel Pepys, an eminent example of 
human frailty, if ever one was, stands cheek-by-jowl 
with that equally eminent instance of firmness and 
rocky immobility, John Knox. The only two people 
that have anything in common are the innocuous 
Charles of Orleans and that mischievous scoundrel, 
Villon, both writers of ballades and other poetry 
charming by virtue of its artificiality. Yet it is im- 
possible to give the palm to any especial portrait — all 
are so nobly and largely drawn, so ingeniously coloured, 
that selection is rendered useless. But, of all the 
characters which Mr Stevenson has chosen to represent 
to us, into none has he seen so clearly as into that of 
Samuel Pepys, he has pictured none so completely as 
that of John Knox. In this book his humour is at its 
best, he is bright and pleasant beyond compare. He 
has picked out a series of names of all nations and of 
all times : he has made their owners sit for their por- 
traits and in every case has succeeded. He flits from 
one easel to another without an effort : it is this elasticity 
and pliability, this contentment with one subject, and 
when that has been completely worked out and finished, 
this ready change to another, which is his^most remark- 
able and conspicuous gift. 

Surely Mr Stevenson has solved the secret of 
happiness. To be wholly contented and absorbed in 
one thing, and yet, when that is exhausted, to welcome 
a change and throw one's self heart and soul into it, 

366 Robert Louis Stevenson. 

surely this is the precious jewel! Everything, too, 
brings him contentment. There is nothing he likes 
so well as hard labour — if he had nothing else to do 
he would work in his shirt-sleeves at some out-door 
pursuit. Had he been an Israelite in Egypt, he would 
have been the last to leave — he would have enjoyed 
making his daily tale of bricks, and the sense of slavery 
alone would have induced him to desert the flesh-pots 
for the howling wilderness. What a story he could 
have made of the Plagues and the Exodus; he who 
has imparted such interest to his wanderings in the 
Cevennes, his Inland Voyage on French rivers and his 
picnic in California. 

Out of those little journeys and pleasure-parties he 
has created a vast fund of interest. No one could 
imagine — that is to say, if he is not himself a Steven- 
son — what an amount of event, what immense matter 
can be obtained from the most trivial incidents of a 
country walk. For that tour in the Cevennes, after all, is 
nothing more than a country walk through a fine and 
well-wooded region, not especially attractive in itself. 
The interest we feel lies not in the country, but in the 
trifling adventures of the author : the misdemeanours of 
his donkey : the night when he slept in his sack under 
the pines, or the dark night when he wandered between 
the villages of Fouzilhic and Fouzilhac. We carry 
away from the book a series of scenes, incidents of 
very ordinary occurrence, which he has somehow or 
other transfigured, with his perfect understanding of 
pictorial arrangement. He can group his pictures, be 
they figure or landscape, so admirably: he knows to 
the finest accuracy where to place the principal figure, 
how to set it oflF, and what background it must have. 
For instance, he never showed his peculiar power of 
painting scenes so strongly as in one which assuredly 
must stand out before all the rest to readers of Travels 
with a Donkey. He is descending into a valley in 
Lower G^vaudan : evening is approaching, and he sees 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 367 

before him lone farms scattered here and there, and the 
road winding for miles through distant trees. And, 
just as evening falls, as he trudges behind his beast of 
burden through the chestnut avenues, he hears, not far 
from the road, a woman's voice crooning some endless 
ditty with a refrain about a hel amour eux. Why does 
this passage strike the fancy so ? Perhaps it is that he 
has pictured the valley as so lonely, that when this 
chord of life breaks in we are stirred to the depths by 
the sudden voice and feel at once that our solitude has 
been dispelled. The fact is, Mr Stevenson merges us 
so deeply in his personality that what delights him 
delights us, and, as we read him, we cannot feel or 
think apart from him. 

There is another scene in An Inland Voyage which 
has much the same effect, and occupies in that book the 
place of the chestnut valley scene in the other— the 
field on the upper reaches of the Oise where he and 
his companion sit, one summer Sunday afternoon, and 
listen to a peal of church bells. But both books are 
full of such scenes. They are storehouses of interest for 
those who love an open-air life, and love to live among 
trees and fields and wild flowers. Mr Stevenson is not 
only the Bohemian of the town we have mentioned, 
with his thirst for romance and adventure: he is the 
Bohemian of the country, a true lover of those whom 
his fellow Scots still primly call Egyptians, of their 
waggons and their fires, and their store of pots and 
pans for sale. A thoroughly healthy nature this! a 
nature which will even condescend to pure animal 
enjoyment for once in a way, feeling, hearing, seeing 
nothing beyond itself and the crude delight of existence. 

Considering all this, it is strange that Mr Steven • 
son's physical health scarcely coincides with our 
expectation ; that he has wandered from country to 
country over the greater part of either hemisphere in 
search of it, until he has at last found his sanatarium 
in Samoa, It is curious to find that those books which 

368 Robert Louis Stevenson, 

breathe throughout such a buoyant tone of cheerfulness 
have been written for the greater part on a bed of sick- 
ness. That he, the cheerfullest and, in a sense, the 
youngest writer of to-day, should have endured so much 
suffering is difficult to believe. But he was trained in 
a hard school in his Scottish home, and in his college 
days he learned very early to weather the storm, and 
to find enjoyment, pure and simple, out of life. With a 
brave heart and an untiring brain he has overcome his 
difficulties, and has given to others in his charming 
didactic style some practical philosophy gleaned from 
the fields of adversity. 

The heroes of his stories all have the same sanguine 
happy temperament — not without thought or fear for 
the future, but light-hearted enough to observe every- 
thing around them, and note down this or that pleasant 
thing for their subsequent delectation. Even David 
Balfour — and a very foreboding and luckless lad is 
David — has spirits which many of his age might envy ; 
while Jim Hawkins, all the while he is in danger on 
Treasure Island, is keeping his eyes well open and 
thoroughly enjoying his situation. While, as for Alan 
Breck and Prince Florizel, they all touch the very 
summit of sanguine happiness. Even they, however, are 
surpassed by one person — Otto Johann Frederic, Prince 
of Grtinewald. Who ever took less thought for the 
morrow than he ? He is, it is true, a little despicable. 
But then he is very loveable, and in comparison with 
Gondremark, that hulking villain and intriguer, is 
entirely noble. If, as Mr Henry James tells us. Prince 
Otto is the most isolated of all Mr Stevenson's works, 
then the family likeness between the rest is far closer 
than one would imagine. Prince Otto is surely the 
quintessence of Stevensonian happiness and careless- 
ness — for it is through that very carelessness, that 
neglect of public duty, that the book ends so happily, 
and we foresee a glad future for the Prince and the 
repentant Princess, while Grunewald may be tossed 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 369 

with the cares of state, and the incipient Republic sink 
through dissension to ruin, for all those ex-Sovereigns 
heed. Certain this elaborate negligence, this hunting 
and hawking when the business of the Council is most 
pressing, and the pillars of the state already totter 
dangerously, although it leads to much tribulation, 
nevertheless brings its reward in the end. 

Amalia Seraphina is the only woman, until the days 
of Catriona, whom Mr Stevenson has taken much 
trouble to sketch, and she, in spite of her variety and — 
we cannot call it by any other name — her infidelity, is 
very charming. Mr Henry James traces the influence 
of George Meredith, a novelist beloved by our author, 
in the tale, and beyond a doubt Amalia is a member of 
that class whom Mrs Mountstuart Jenkinson so happily 
christened. She is a rogue in porcelain^ daintier and 
more brittle and frail than was Clara Middleton. While 
Prince Otto again might have submitted to Mrs Mount- 
stuart's dictum " You see^ he has a leg" For, if Amalia 
is a Clara Middleton, more brittle and of a paler com- 
plexion. Otto is a Sir Willoughby Patteme, confident of 
his security, of the favour of God and the regard and 
respect of man, until he finds his throne tumbling 
beneath him — a shade more keen-sighted, perhaps ; a 
great deal less disagreeable. Let us not compare 
Prince Otto for a minute with The Egoist — The Egoist is 
a great and stupendous victory of unarmed genius, 
Prince Otto the mere by-play, the facile side-stroke of a 
dexterous foil. 

It is unfair to say that Mr Stevenson has altogether 
neglected womankind. It is true that women play a 
very small part in his pages, but he is full of admiration 
for them, and no more gallant champion could be found 
if occasion demanded, to enter the lists and fight for 
the ladies. He is full of a sense of their beauty and 
their gentleness and weakness : they are not banished 
from his pages : they stand by and watch the conflicts 
of the stronger sex. And no more beautiful picture of 
VOL. XVIII. ccc 

370 Robert Louts Stevenson. 

woman could be found than in the story called Oialla^» 
the portrait of the beautiful devotee hopelessly immured 
in the estancia with her savage mother and idiot brother. 
Or again, surely the lady in that great romance, the 
Master of Ballantraey the lady who is at the root of the 
whole matter, the presiding genius of that dreadful 
story, is finely conceived and magnificently drawn* 
And Mr Stevenson, if he has sinned in giving his own 
sex the preponderance in his works, has surely written* 
his palinode in the title of the sequel to Kidnapped. 
Finally, we must not forget, in this connexion, that a 
woman's hand aided him in writing The Dynamiter^ and 
creating that extravagant young lady, who suffered 
such terrors among the Mormons, and, in another 
Avatar, led her employer to his death in the loathsome 
swamps of the West Indies. 

Mr Stevenson is a man of many aspects, and in all 
he is equally great. But the aspect in which he will 
present himself to future ages is that af a master of 
story-telling. Not that his essays and his charming 
books of travel will die ! they will live too, but the 
nature of the case demands that they appeal to fewer 
readers. Treasure Island has, one might say, already 
won its place beside Robinson Crusoe. Kidnapped 
stands on the highest summits of fiction, and round 
about it cluster the Master of Ballantrae^ the Nerity 
Arabian Nights and Catriona, Kidnapped and the 
Nights have already been examined ; they are the re- 
presentatives of their classes, and time would fail to tell 
of the others — of those books, for instance, where the 
great master has sought the collaboration of his son-in- 
law. Collaboration is a doubtful experiment, unless, 
as in The Dynamiter^ style is welded to style, and, it 
must be confessed, the Wrong Box and the Wrecker^ 
excellent as they are, do not, by any means, reach the 
first rank. 

Let us stay for a moment in that dark garden where 
the candles in their silver sconces shoot their steady 

Robert Louis Stevenson. 371 

flame into the windless night, and the black pool of 
blood lies on the ground. That garden alone, were it 
for nothing else, even did not the Chevalier Burke gaily 
exist, and the master stalk sinisterly through the pages, 
would make the Master of Ballantrae a classic among 
classics. And let us halt again on the coast of Ostend, 
and watch Catriona's father play the traitor and stand 
at bay while the windmill steadily turns its changeless 
sails in the background. For self-restraint and pre- 
cision of style, that last scene is the ehef d'oeuvre of Mr 
Stevenson's later writing. Catriona has few faults. 
As a work of style it is flawless. And it has the 
crowning merit of being the only sequel which ever 
deserved the name. 

There is one book of short stories in which Mr 
Stevenson has equalled any of his romantic efforts — 
the book called after the first tale. The Merry Men. 
in that story he re-introduces to us under another 
name the isle where David Balfour was wrecked ; 
Earraid, that lies across the strait from lona; and, 
in the dismal drama, acted on a lonely rock in the 
Atlantic, gives us a foretaste of the terrible fancies 
which bow the knee to Mr Kipling. The rest of the 
tales are of a various nature : Will 0* the Mill is one 
of the author's happy-go-lucky favourites, who lives 
in a valley all his life without going outside it, until 
Death comes in his coach and takes him away on 
his travels. Thrawn Janet and Oialla^ tales as different 
as they can be, although they both deal with madness, 
are triumphs of art: the Treasure of Franchard is 
written with all Mr Stevenson's extraordinary skill, 
but leaves a weak impression. It is undeniable, 
however, that Markheim is the finest chapter in the 
whole book — and a more brilliant piece of description 
has never been given us ; before this picture of long- 
drawn agony every other pales. The murderer stand- 
ing alone with the body of his victim on the floor, 
the clocks of the jeweller's shop ticking all round him. 

372 Robert Louis Stevenson. 

straining his ears to catch the least sound in that 
insupportable, time-measured silence — and then — the 
entry of the mysterious visitor : the ofifer of the choice : 
and the murderer at the last instant overcoming him- 
self and the baseness of his nature, and delivering his 
body into the hands of justice at the moment when 
he opens the door to the maid — =here Mr Stevenson's 
mighty genius wings its highest flight. Markhetm 
may be of his earliest work ; it is his supremest success. 
Andy now that we have reached the most perfect 
point of that genius — a flawless gem, faultless in style, 
brave and bold in execution, it is time to stop. What 
Mr Stevenson has for us in the future, we cannot tell ; 
he is still in the meridian of his life, his reputation 
continues undiminished, he stands at the head of the 
confraternity of letters beside the great men of the past 
and the few brilliant lights of to-day. For the score 
of volumes he has already given to the world, we are 
grateful beyond measure. But gratitude has no bounds : 
and a further score, equal to the last, can greatly 
increase it. If this is not to be, we must be satisfied 
to let the great creator survey his work, resting on his 
laurels. Imperishable fame, a blameless life, the satis- 
faction of having given delight to all sorts and conditions 
of men — what can man wish for more ? 

A. H. T, 

(By a river Idler). 

There is nothing so weary as waiting, 
When the day is appallingly hot 

And the weather is most enervating — 
To see if she's coming or not. 

There is surely no harm in my stating 

That I was most keenly debating 

Whether that sweet fascinating 
Miss Dora were coming or not. 

I had passed the whole morn at the station 
In the midst of the smoke and the din, 

And for hours 'twas my sole occupation 
To watch for the trains to come in. 

If you follow my recommendation, 

It is better by far in vacation 

To read Ciceronian oration 

Than to watch for the trains to come in. 

I was angry and stiff and rheumatic, 
I had put many pence in the slot, 

I had shot with those pop-guns erratic, 
Which is death — when the weather is hot. 

I repeat, though it be iteratic — 

Yet one cannot be too emphatic — 

You don't feel divinely ecstatic 
Wnen the weather is fatefully hot. 

At length in the distance I sighted 
The smoke of a train in the air, 

It arrived, and oh joy! there alighted 
Her mother, her sire, and the Fair. 

374 -^ River Idyll. 

When one has felt simply benighted 
And regarded one's prospects as blighted 
One naturally feels quite delighted 
At the coming of her that is Fair. 

Her sire remarked he was voracious, 

The train was confoundedly slow, 
She hoped I'd not waited — "Good gracious," 

I said, "just a minute or so." 
It is strange how your conscience grows spacious 
To contain such a statement mendacious 
When uttered in manner vivacious — 
" Oh, only a minute or so." 

But what if some reader is saying, 

With captious ironical grin, 
** It's all very well to go maying 

But where does the Idyll begin ? " 
From the theme I am really not straying 
In blatant hysterical braying: 
I have very much pleasure in saying 

Next line doth the Idyll begin. 

More softly the sunlight was dancing 
On the shimmering waters in front. 
And I said, at her loveliness glancing, 

"Would you care to come out in a punt?" 
When the shadows of night are advancing 
The coolness and stillness enhancing 
There is nothing so purely entrancing 
As to dream for a while in a punt. 

In my soft gliding punt, yclept Nelly, 
We crept 'neath a shadowy grove, 

And we talked of the poems of Shelley 
And others who dream about love : 

The music romantic of Kelley 

(So charmingly sung by Trebelli), 

And the novels of Marie Corelli 
Are also connected with love. 

A River Idyll. 375 

But as I was softly employing 

That language that some might call bosh, 
A launch whistled by all-destroying 

And sent us the wave of its wash. 
It is hard to find aught more annoying 
Than when you are sweetly enjoying 
The rapture of carelessly toying 

With locks, to be tossed by a wash. 

In a voice with a rising inflection 

I told the sad tale of my love, 
And vowed everlasting affection 

By yon blue vaulted Heaven above. 
I may say to you in this connection, 
I admit to a great predilection 
For swearing eternal protection 

By yon blue vaulted Heaven above, 

I called her an angel, a peri, 

I said she was fair as the light. 
Her lips were more red than the cherry 

Her eyes were like stars of the night. 
At my words perhaps you will make merry. 
And your face in your handkerchief bury. 
But I thought it felicitous very 

To call her eyes " stars of the night." 

She blushed in a manner transcending 
And drooped her head down on her breast. 

Like a lily: then suddenly bending 
She — nay, draw a veil o'er the rest. 

It is best at the risk of offending 

The critic or kind or unbending 

To bring this sweet tale to an ending 
By drawing a veil o'er the rest. 

A. J. C. 


Gerard Vyvyan. 

Vernon Wingfold, author of Orphic Dreams. 
Sir Giles Portington, M.P. for Stockborough English. 
Malcolm Studley. 
Lady Vyvyan. 
Miss Arlington. 


Vyvyan Hall, in the East Riding. 

Scene I. — The billiard-room. Time^ 9 p.m. Gerald 
Vyvyan and Sir Giles are playifig billiards, Studley 
marks for them^ while Wingfold lies at full length on a 

Sir Giles. My dear Gerald, that's the third easy 
cannon you've broken down at. What on earth is the 
matter with you to-night ? 

Gerald. Merely abstraction, Sir Giles. I beg your 

Sir Giles. Pshaw ! What has abstraction to do with 
billiards ? I wonder if I can play this. Ah, too fine ! 

Studley. Yes, you ought to have hit it fuller. 

Wingfold. I sympathise with you, Gerald. But, 
my dear boy, you are really too engrossed with your 
thoughts. A man should be engrossed with nothing — 
not even with billiards, Sir Giles. 

Sir Giles. Nobody could accuse jt7« of concentration. 

Illusiofis Per dues, 377 

WiNGFOLD. Concentration ! The word suggests 
nothing but Swiss milk. 

Studley. Did you never like Swiss milk ? 

WiNGFOLD. Never ! I hate everything Swiss — the 
Alps included. I cannot understand the Swiss fever. 
Crowded hotels, dawn on the Rigi, Matterhorns, endless 
jddelling and Dresden shepherdesses playing on tune- 
less pipes ! Insanity ! 

Gerald. But, Vernon, didn't you say yesterday that 
insanity was glorified existence ? 

WiNGFOLD. There are insanities and insanities, my 
dear Gerald. 

Sir Giles. Why do you go abroad ? 

WiNGFOLD. Because I can't help it. London in 
summer is Ashdod. But, thank heaven, ubt Dagon^ thi 
Phtlistia. Dagon takes his trip in the winter. 

Sir Giles. What do you mean ? 

Studley. He never means anything, Sir Giles. 

Sir Giles. What a comfort ! I never could under- 
stand Orphic Dreams, 

WiNGFOLD. You are one of us, Sir Giles. To be 
intelligible is to be impossible. 

Sir Giles. Do you imply that you find it impossible 
to be intelligible ? 

Studley. Come, Gerald, you're twenty behind ! 

Gerald. Oh, it's no use ! I can't play any longer. 

Studley. Are you unwell ? 

WiNGFOLD. Why don't you play with Sir Giles, 
Malcolm ? Gerald, come and sit here. 

Sir Giles. Come on, Studley. Choose your cue. 

WiNGFOLD. Now, Gerald, what is it? I can see 
there's something wrong. 

Gerald. Oh, it's nothing much. I 


Gerald. Well, the fact is this. It's about Miss 

WiNGFOLD. Have you quarrelled ? 


378 Illusions Per dues. 

Gerald. If we had ! To tell you the truth, I can't 
marry her. 

WiNGFOLD. I sincerely congratulate you. Gerald^ 
you should never marry. 

Gerald. I've heard you say that so often. But you 
don't really think so. 

WiNGFOLD Really \ It is the only thing I thought 
really about. You should never marry. 

Gerald. But supposing 

WiNGFOLD. Suppose nothing. Supposition is the 
barren fig-tree. 

Gerald. Well, I won't suppose. If I break with 
Miss Arlington, it is only to— — 

WiNGFOLD. Good gracious ! You surely don't mean 

Gerald. Marry someone else ? I do. 

WiNGFOLD. Poor boy! And tie yourself down to 
eternal slavery, to wither away beside some sallow girl. 

Gerald. Sallow girl ! If you could only see her^ 
Vernon, you would 

WiNGFOLD. Now, don't ! Please spare me the old 
tale. Loveliness and Purity ! Rotten boughs and dead 
apples ! 

Gerald. You are too cynical. You don't know her; 
you have never even seen her. Had you parted from 
her, as I did, barely two hours ago, you would be raving 
of loveliness and purity. Aren't your poems full of 
loveliness and purity ? 

WiNGFOLD. That is Art, Gerald. The strongest in- 
clination of Art is to the inartistic. 

Gerald. Epigrams! Epigrams! Take me in 
tamest, Vernon. I love her. 

WiNGFOLD. Who is she ? 

Gerald. She — she lives in the village. 

WiNGFOLD. Oh, spare me ; Some Molly or Susan ! 
You are a fool, Gerald. 

Gerald. My mind is made up. 

Illusions Per dues. 379 

WiNGFOLD. Then I repeat it. You are a fool. I see 
you've finished your game, Sir Giles. 

Sir Giles. Yes, while you two were chattering away 
there in the comer. Studley, you aren't up to form 

Studley. No one can do anything against your 

Sir Giles. I did\ a little luck to-night, I confess. 
But you needn't grudge it me, Studley. 

Gerald. Hadn't we better join the ladies ? 

Studley. Excuse me, you men. I've one or two 
letters I want to post. I think I'll go down with them. 

Gerald. Can't I send the butler ? 

Studley. Oh! don't trouble. I should like the 
walk this lovely night. 

[^They go outJ] 

Scene II. — The drawing-room. A shaded lamp on a 
side-labley near which sils Lady Vyvyan in a low chair 
doing crochet-work. Miss Arlington at the piano. 

Lady V. What is that delightful thing you are 
playing, Felicia? 

Miss A. A piece of Schumann — Warum f What a 
lovely moon there is ! (Rises and goes to the window.) 
Shall I let it in, Auntie ? 

Lady V. Do, dear ! (Miss Arlington draws up the 

Miss A. Oh! 

Lady A. What is it, Felicia ? 

Miss A. I — , nothing. Auntie ! (Sits down at the 
window.) [Enter Sir Giles, Gerald and Wingfold. 

Lady V. So here you are at last. Where is 
Mr. Studley? 

Sir Giles. He has just gone down to the village to 
post some letters. 

Miss A. What a lot of letters he has had to post 


In very sooth a curve of high degree, 

A noble tracery of flowing line 

And dimpled curvature : a true design 

Come, Nature-born, from an equality 

In X and y ; a perfect harmony 

Of form ! See the twin ovals, whose divine 

Soul-centred sympathy makes each incline 

To each in a symmetric yearning! See 

These graceful knotted loops that meet and kiss, 

And part, to meet and kiss again ! Mark last 

This simple waving thread, — how it has passed 

The doubtful turning-point of finite bliss, — 

How to infinity it gently floats. 

Wafted along the slender asymptotes. 

G. T. B. 


What seeming innocence and simple grace 

In this fair sweep of curve the compass-pen 

Has rounded off" ! 'Tis passing strange how men 

Have worried their poor wits to mete the space 

Encircled by the homely oval face. 

And fit it by some clumsy square. And when 

The deeper beauties lay unfathomed, then 

The equal radius first was put to base 

Unworthy usage, and two equal sides 

Were coarsely fitted to a g^ven line. 

Let us who know the subtlety that hides 

In the far line that makes plane space complete, — 

Let us do homage at that mystic shrine 

Where dwell the distant points where circles meet. 

G. T. B. 




|N consequence of the re- cataloguing of the 
Library at Hawkshead School, I have been 
perusing some of the Old School documents 
relating to the Library in former generations. 
One of these, drawn up by the Head -Master, the Rev 
T. Bowman M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge, Master 
from 1786, seems to me to be of considerable interest to 
all those, at any rate, who have any aflfection for the 
writing of the *'Lake Poet," William Wordsworth, 
admitted to St John's College from this School in 1787, 
since it gives some idea what Hawkshead School was 
like in his day, and who his school-fellows and masters 

The Rev T. Bowman instituted what was termed the 
"New Library" at Hawkshead, although from the 
earliest days of the School there had existed a " Book 
Club," which received considerable benefactions in 
money and books from a certain Mr Daniel Rawlinson 
of the Vintners' Company in London in 1669. Two lists 
of his presentations bearing this date (1669} remaia 
among the School records: 

(i) "The names of severall Bookes given by M' Daniell 
Rawlinson, citizen and Vintner of London, to the Free-Grammar 
Schoole in Hawkshead, in the County of Lancaster." 

(ii) "A Catalogue of Bookes, given to the Free-Grammar 
School at Hawkesheade in Lane, by M^ Daniell Rawlinson, and 
others at his request." 

384 The Library of Hawkshead Grammar School. 

And in a note by the side of some of the names of 
the books, that 

" These were given by M«" Daniell Rawlinson, at the signe of 
the Miter, in Fen-Church Street, London." 

The books of the Old Library do not appear to have 
been kept on shelves, but in a chest, as an old note tells 
us that 

** The press wherein these bookes belonging to the Schoole 
are laid was given by M"^ Edwin Sandys of Epthwaite, Gent., 

a descendant of the Edwyn Sandys, Archbishop of York 
in 1585, and founder of the School at that date. 

Among the benefactors of 1669 are to be found the 
names of Mr Gibbon, who at the instigation of Mr Raw- 
linson presented a now rare edition of " Mr Ffoxe, his 
acts and monuments of the Church" (1641): 

" Cambdeus Brittania in English, given by M'" Thomas 
Martin, Gentleman, of his Maj''«s* bedchamber." 

"An Exposition of the Creed, by D^ John Pearson, now 
bishop of Chester." 

"The memorable works of Josephus in English, in full, given 
by John Tillotson, Receiver Generall for the Deane and Chapter 
of the Cathedral Church of S Paul's, London," 

'• A course of Sermons for all the Sundays in the Yeare by 
Jer. Taylor D^D., given by Edward Browne, fellow of Clare 
Hall in Cambridge May 14, 1674." 

"Juvenal and Persius with Lubius Comments, given by 
S' Jonas Moore Knt., Surveyor Generall of his Ma*»«» office of 
the ordinance, in the Kingdoms of England and Ireland, and to 
his Royall Highness the Duke of Yorke Sept. 22, 1674." 

"The works of John Jewell,t Bp of Sarisbury 1674." 

" ' Adagia ex sanctorum patrum ecclesiasticorum Scriptorum 
prompta ab Aloysio Robarino Veronensi Clerico Regulari,* and 
* A dictionary of the French and English tongues,* both these 

♦ i.e, Charles II. 

t Apologist against the Romanists 1559. Works, "Apology for the 
Church of England " and *' Defence of the Apology." 

The Library of Hawkshead Grammar School. 385 

given by Wlm. Sancroft,* Doctor in Divinity, Deane of the 
Cathedral Church of S Paul, London, Jan ii, 1674." 

In another list both the above books are mentioned as 

"Given by D' Sancroft, then being Dean of S Paul's, 
London, but now in this Yeare 1679 Archbishop of Canterbury." 

Besides which are several books given by members 
of the Sandys family. 

In this last list are also mentioned : 

" A Century of Sermons upon severall remarkable subjects 
written by John Hackett, L^* Bp of Litchfield and Coventry, in 
full, given by John Pearson, L^- Bp of Chester." 

Among names of benefactors are — 

Dr Edward Layfield, Archdeacon of Essex. 

Mr Edward Sherburne, one of the Principal Officers of 
His Majesties Ordinance and Armory within England. 

John Sharpe, D.D., Archdeacon of Birks and "Chapline 
to the L^- Chancelour." 

And among books is-— 

** EiK(Ji/ /SaffiXucift or the solitudes of King Charles the first, 
in 8^0." 

Some of the trades and professions mentioned are 
interesting, showing how all classes contributed to the 
library. The following occurring — 

'John Christopherson, Ushe of the Free-schole at Hawks- 

* Rosse Esq., Library-Keeper to his Ma*^«.' 
'John Magine Esq ; one of his Ma*»«« Equerries.' 

* George Rigge, Parish Clarke of Hawkshead.' 

* M' John Rawlinson, linnen draper.' 

* One of the Seven Bishops imprisoned by James II for refusing to read 
his Edict of Toleration. 

t Now generally believed to have been written by Dr Gauden (Burnet 
says he was told so by James in 1673). Milton answered it by the 
EUovoK\a<rTnc. Dr C. Wordsworth defended the authorship of Charles, 
in a work entitled, * Who wrote Eikon Basilike ?/ 1824. 


386 The L ibrary of Hawkskead Grammar School. 

• M' John Blashfield citizen and fishmonger of London/ 

• M*^ Samuel Hail, late Warden of the Company of Vintersy 

'John Sadler, Schoolemaster/ 

' George Crawley of Billiter Lane, London, Chirurgion/ 

' M' Moses Pitt, Bookseller, at the White-heart/ 

With an apology for this digression, which, however, 
is justified by the interest which must be attached to 
a great many of the names mentioned, we return to 
the record of 1789, which tells us of Hawkshead School 
as it was in Wordsworth's time. 

Briefly, the reorganization of the Library at that 
time was in order that it might be of value, not only 
to the School, but also to the surrounding gentry; 
and one feature to maintain a supply of new books 
was the introduction of the custom for each boy to 
present to the Library some book on his leaving the 
School, to be inscribed with his own name, and to be 
kept as a memorial of himself. 

It is in consequence of this custom that we are 
able now to form an idea of Wordsworth's school-days 
and school-fellows. (The register of Admissions has 
apparently been lost). We find 

**GilIies's History of Greece" inscribed as the gift of 
" Rob* Hodgson Greenwood*, of Ingleton. W" Wordsworth 
of Cockermouth, John Millar of Presall, and Tho» Gawthorp 
of Sedbergh, admitted at Cambridge from this School 1787," 

** Hoole's Tasso's Jerusalem " as " the gift of Mess" Green- 
wood, Wordsworth, Millar, and Gawthorp." 

" Cicero " is the gift of the Poet's brother, Robinson 
Wordsworth, who left in 1789, and 

" D*" Robertson's Historical Disquisition concerning India,'* 
the gift of ** Christopher Wordsworth of Cockermouth, 
admitted at Trinity, Cambridge, from this School 1792." 

♦ Afterwards Fellow of Trinity, Cambridge. 

The Library of Hawks head Grammar School. 387 

He was afterwards Master of Trinity, and well 
known as a Theological writer. 

The mention of William Raincock leaving in 1787,* 
proves that he could not be the boy mentioned in 
* the Prelude/ who 

"....with fingers interwoven, both hands 
Pressed closely palm to palm, and to his mouth 
Uplifted, he, as through an instrument, 
blew mimic hootings to the silent owls. 

This Boy was taken from his Mates and died 
in childhood, ere he was full twelve years old. 
Fair is the spot, most beautiful the Vale 
where he was born." 

although the I. F. MSS. mention William Raincock, 
as an adept at making a musical instrument of his 
fingers, and the poem has been generally understood as 
referring to him. 

Among the subscribers in 1789 are both Christopher 
and Robinson Wordsworth. Christopher continues in 
the lists until the Midsummer of 1792, when he left for 

The School in Wordsworth's time appears to have 
been prosperous, and to have sent up many boys to 
Cambridge. No single boy appears to have gone up 
to Oxford : this may be accounted for by the fact that 
the Head Masters at this time were Cambridge men, 
viz. the Rev William Taylor M.A. and the Rev Thos. 
Bowman M.A. 

William Wordsworth went up in 1787 and took 
his B.A. degree in 1791. The following Hawkshead 
boys would therefore be his contemporaries at Cam- 
bridge : 

1786. Fletcher, Raincock, Ed. Birkett, admitted at Cambridge. 

1787. Hodgson, Greenwood, Millar, Gawthorp. 

♦ The book he prcscated to the Library being so inscribed. 

388 /// Suspense. 

1788. Preston, Rudd, Chambre, Holme-Maude, Balderston, 

Tho*' Jack, admitted at Cambridge. 

1789. Harrison, Hutchinson, Sykes : Cambridge. 

1790. Tho»- Younge, admitted at Trinity, Cambridge (after- 

wards Fellow and Tutor). 

These, no doubt, would be among his more intimate 
acquaintances at Cambridge, and those of 1786-7-8 
most probably his especial * Chums ' during his school- 
days at Hawksheadi the cradle of bis poetic genius. 

A. E. 


What will my lady say? 

What will be her reply? 
Will it be yea or nay? 

I wrote to her to-day, 

*' Bid me to love or die " : 
What will my lady say ? 

Will she grant all I pray. 

Or soar my hopes too high ? 
Will it be yea or nay? 

I hang 'twixt grave and gay; 

I sing and then I sigh, 
" What will my lady say ? " 

Will her sweet lips say "yea," 

Or will they me deny? 
Will it be yea or nay ? 

Will she regard my cry. 

Or coldly pass me by. 
What will my lady say. 

Will it be yea or nay ? 

R. O. P. T. 


|HE Eagle has for so long maintained its popu- 
larity, and has been so generally supported 
in the College, that we may now consider it 
a permanent institution. This has been 
due, in a large measure, to the efforts of Dr MacAlister, 
who for ten years has held the post of Chairman of 
the Editorial Committee. It is with deep regret that 
we now announce his resignation at the end of last 
term. He has, however, found it impossible to combine 
his many duties with the work of the Magazine. We 
are sure that, in thus speaking, we are only expressing 
the feeling of all members of the College. 

As we announced in our last number, Mr G. C. M. 
Smith has also left us, after sharing Dr MacAlister's 
work during the greater part of those ten years in the 
capacity of Press-Editor. It would be an impossibility 
for us to express at all adequately our debt to both for 
the untiring energy and zeal which they have shown 
in their Editorial duties. We can only assure them 
of our sincere gratitude for the position to which they 
have raised the EagUy and for the example they are 
bequeathing to their successors. 


Charles Carpmael M.A., F.R.A.S. 

Mr Charles Carpmael (who died at Hastings on the 
20th October last) was born 19th September 1846, at Streatham 
Hall, Surrey, and was educated at the Clapham Grammar 
School under the late Rev Dr Charles Pritchard, afterwards 
Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford. Mr Carpmael 
gained a Minor Scholarship at St John's in May 1865, and 
commenced residence in October of that year. He was elected 
Foundation Scholar in June 1868, and took his degree as Sixth 
Wrangler in the Mathematical Tripos of 1869. He was elected 
a Fellow of the College in November 1870. In that year he was 
also a member of the British Eclipse Expedition to Spain, 
observing the eclipse with the spectroscope at Estepona near 
Gibraltar {Eagle vii 241-57, 299). He travelled a good deal on 
the Continent, visiting most European countries. He first 
visited the United States and Canada in 1871, remaining until 
1872. On this tour he visited Toronto, which visit ultimately 
led to his settling in Canada. He was elected a member of the 
Royal Astronomical Society in 1873. In 1876 he was made 
Director of the Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory in 
Toronto and Director of the Meteorological Service. Through 
his exertions the Canadian Weather Bureau was developed. 

In June 1 876 he married Julia, daughter of the late Mr Walter 
Mackenzie, Chief Clerk of the County Court in Toronto. On 
the formation of the Royal Society of Canada in 1882 he was 
appointed Vice-President of the Mathematical, Chemical, and 
Physical Section, and in 1885 was elected President. The 
Transactions of the Society contain a number of mathematical 
and physical papers by him. In 1884. he was elected Life 
Member of the British Association and served on three com- 
mittees. He had been staying for some time past in the South 
of England for the sake of his health. 

Obituary. 391 

Sir Henry Ainslie Hoare, Bart. 

Sir Henry Ainslie Hoare of Stourhead, Wilts., died on the 
10th of July last at his residence in West Eaton Place. He was 
a son of the late Mr Henry Charles Hoare of Wavenden House, 
Bucks, and Ann Penelope, daughter of General Ainslie and 
widow of Captain John Price of the Coldstream Guards. He 
was born May 20th, 1824, educated at Eton and entered 
St John's December i6th, 1840, but did not take a degree. In 
184s he married Augusta Frances, daughter of Sir East George 
Clayton East, Bart., and became a Baronet in 1857 ^^ *^® death 
of an uncle. 

He was elected M.P. for Windsor in 1865, but unseated in the 
following year. He represented Chelsea 1868-74, and in 1885 
he unsuccessfully contested the Eastern Division of Somerset- 
shire. He was a J.P. and D.L. for Somerset and Magistrate of 


Michaelmas Term 1894. 

Mr W. Lee Warner C. S. L (B.A. 1869), late Editor of the 
Eagle^ author of 'The Protected Princes of India,' has been 
appointed as Resident in Mysore. Last year we had the 
pleasure of congratulating Mr Lee Warner on his appointment 
to the position of member of the Legislative Council of India ; 
and only in our last number we mentioned his promotion to 
the office of Secretary to the Government of India in the 
Foreign Department. 

At the Annual Election on November 5, the following were 
elected to Fellowships: — The Rev Lewis Bostock Radford M.A., 
late Scholar, First Class in the Classical Tripos 1890 — 91 
(Parts I. and II.) ; and Mr Henry Cabourne Pocklington B.A., 
Scholar, bracketed 4th Wrangler 1892, First Class, Div. Lin 
Part 11. of the Mathematical Tripos 1893, Smith's Prizeman 
1 894. Mr Radford's dissertation was Thomas of London before 
his Consecration^ which obtained the Prince Consort prize this 
year, and has already been published in the series of Cambridge 
Historical Essays. Mr. Pocklington presented a dissertation 
on the periods of the vibrations of a vortex ring constituted 
by fluid circulating round a hollow core, in which the periods 
of the unsymmetrical types of vibration are for the first time 
determined. The analysis of this paper also includes a 
determination of the effects which an electric charge would 
produce on the vibrations and the stability of a vortex atom 
in a rotational aether. In a minor investigation, which will 
appear in the next number of the Proc, Camb. Philos. Soc, 
the forms assumed by two parallel cylindrical hollow vortices 
moving steadily through fluid, and the character of the sur- 
rounding motion, are examined in detail. 

Mr Alexander Peckover, Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire, 
who was this year presented with the honorary degree of LL.D., 
has become a member of the College. 

Mr A. Caldecott, late Junior Dean, has been elected Senior 
Dean, in the place of Air W. A. Cox. Mr H. T. E. Barlow, 
who was lately invited to become Bishop in North Japan, has 
been appointed Junior Dean. 

Our Chronicled 393 

Mr. G. F. Stout, Fellow of the College and Editor of Mind, 
has been elected to the newly-established University Lecture- 
ship in Moral Science for three years, from Midsummer 1894. 

Mr J. Bass Mullinger, College Lecturer in History, has been 
appointed to the University Lectureship in History, vacated by 
Dr Prothero, of King's College. 

Mr J. J. Lister has been appointed University Demonstrator 
of Comparative Anatomy. 

The Rev C. W. E. Body, formerly Fellow, has resigned his 
Professorship at Trinity College, Toronto, and has accepted a 
post in the General Theological Seminary, New York. 

Dr Sandys was one of the three delegates who represented 
the University at the Commemoration of the Bicentenary of the 
University of Halle. 

Mr Scott has been appointed College Representative (a) 
for election of members of the Financial Board, [^b) for election 
of Borough Councillors and {c) for nomination of members of 
the Assessment Committee. 

Dr Donald MacAlister was on November 7 elected for a 
third term of four years a member of the Council of the 
Senate ; and on November 9 was re-elected University Re- 
presentative on the General Medical Council for a second 
term of five years. 

Professor A. Macalister has been elected a member of the 
Council of the Royal Society. 

Mr H. S. Foxwell and Mr J. J. H. Teall have been elected 
members of the Council of the British Association. 

Mr H. D. Rolleston, Fellow of the College, has been 
appointed Goulstonian Lecturer at the Royal College of 
Physicians of London. 

The new Council of the London Mathematical Society 
includes a substantial number of members of the College. 
Mr A. E. H. Love is one of the Vice-Presidents ; Mr J. Larmor 
is Treasurer; Mr R. Tucker is one of the Secretaries; and 
Professors A. G. Grcenhill and W. H. H. Hudson are members 
of Council. 

The Scientific Medal of the Academic Internationale de 
Geographic Botanique has been awarded to Professor C. C. 
Babington F.R.S , Fellow of the College. Among the other 
medallists of the Academy are Pasteur, Edison and Hooker. 

Mr Hankin (Professor of Bacteriology at Agra) has been 
appointed to represent the University at the Indian Medical 
Congress, to be held at Calcutta in December 1894. 


394 Our Chronicle. 

Dr D. MacAlister, Professor Marshall, Professor Gwatfcirr, 

and Mr Bateson, have been appointed members of the^ 

Advanced Study and Research Syndicate, constituted under 
Grace i of 8 November last, 

Mr Tottenham has been appointed to conduct the Special 
Examination in Modern Languages of Candidates for the 
ordinary B.A. Degree in the present term in the place of Mr 
Tilley, who is prevented from exaratnrng; 

Mr J. B. Ridges M.A. (B.A. 1882) has been- elected to the- 
Head Mastership of the Independent College at Taunton. 

Mr G. W. Kinman (B.A. 1887) has been, appointed Head 
Master of Dolgelly Grammar School. 

Mr A. S. Tetley (B.A. i8qo), 1st Class ii^ the Classical 
Tripos, has been appointed Head Master of Newton School^ 
Montgomery sh ire^ 

Mr Frederic Chapman has been appointed Head Master off 
the Penzance High School. 

Medical students from St John's have distinguished them^ 
selves this term in the competition for entrance scholarships at 
the London Hospitals. Ds W. Langdon Brown has won the 
senior scholarship at St Bartholomew's ; Ds W. McDougall the 
University scholarship at St Thomas' •,. Ds At. Graham Butler 
the University scholarship at St Mary's ; and Mr W^ Neatby the 
corresponding scholarship at St George's. 

Professor W. H. H. Hudson, formerly Fellow and Lecturer,, 
&as been appointed Vice-President of the Teachers' Guild. 

Ds W. B. Morton (B.A. 1892) has been elected to a Junior 
Fellowship of Mathematics at the Royal University of Ireland. 

Db J. B. Dale (B.A. r8g3) has this term been acting as Assis- 
taxct Lecturer in Mathematics at King's College, London. 

Ds N. G. Bennett (B.A. i89r), has gained the Saunders^ 
Scholarship,, as well as five prizes at the London DentaP 

St Johii's. again appears to advantage in the Final Examina- 
tion for the Indian Civil Service, being represented by R. Sheep- 
shanks (4th), C. M. Webb (1 ith), A. K. B. Yusuf Ali (20th). and 
S. G. Hart (29th). The total number of successful candidates 
from the University was twelve. 

The Editors of the Eagle congratulate Ds G. G. Desmond 
(*• G.G.D.") on being called to the Bar. 

Ds E. W. Jackson (Classical Tripos 1894) has been appointed 
to a Mastership at the South Eastern College, Ramsgate. 

Our Chronicle, 595 

It is Interesting to note that Mr C. A. Smith, of criclcJting 
Fame, has this term appeared before a Cambridge audience in 
the part of " Aubrey Tanqueray," and met with an enthusiastic 
Tcception. Johnians of a few years standing will have a vivid 
Tecoliection of Mr Smith's successes in the " Thespids," 

The College Essay Prize for the First Year has been awarded 
to C. Pollard for an essay on Bismtrck. The Prizes for the 
Second and Third Years weise not awarded, no essays being 
sent in. 

Canon McCormick, vicar of St Augustine's, Highbury, has 
Tecently been gazetted as Chaplain-in-Ordinary to the Queen. 

The Rev W. Evans Humdall (B.A. 1875, Moral Science 
Tripos), has been appointed Pastor of Westminster Chapel, the 
largest of the Congregational places of worship in England. 
The Christian Million says "the chapel seats 3000, and is 
-simply the most perfect acoustical audience-room in London." 

At Ospringe, Kent, special services were held on St Peter's 
Day in connection with the completion of the memorial to the 
late vicar, Canon Griffin {Eagle xvii 557). The form of the 
memorial has been the decoration of the sacrarium and the 
existing reredos in mosaic work. The sermon was preached by 
the Master. In memory of another Johnian, the late Rev G. T, 
Tatham (B.A. 1856), a stained-glass window has recently been 
put up in Leek Church, Kirkby Lonsdale ', the su^ ect repre- 
sented is "Christ Blessing Little Children." Mr Tatham was 
vicar of the parish for nearly twenty years, and has been suc- 
■ceeded by Bishop Pearson, a former Fellow of the College. 

The list of Select Preachers before the University for the 
academical year 1894-95 includes the following members of the 
College: the Rt Rev the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, 
Honorary Fellow; the Rev Dr F. Watson, Fellow; the Rev 
Canon G. Austen, of Whitby; the Rev G. Hodges ; and the Rev 
T. W. Thomas. 

The Preachers in Chapel this Term were The Master, Mr 
Cox, and Mr Graves, in residence; Canon A. S. Stokes, the 
Diocesan Inspector of Schools ; Mr H. E. J. Bevan, Gresham 
Professor of Divinity and Vicar of St Andrew, Stoke Newington ; 
and Mr W. S. Kelley, of the Cambridge Missionary Brotherhood 
at Delhi. 

In his sermon on November 25, Mr Kelley called attention 
to the very prominent part taken by members of the College 
in the work at Delhi ; and expressed his own great pleasure ia 
being invited to give some account of it in the College ChapeL 
Of the eight Missionaries now at Delhi, we have Mr Allnutt, 
Principal of the College ; Mr Kelley and Mr C. Foxley : whilst 


Our Chronicle. 

of the five former Missionaries we had Mr Murray, now Vicar 
of Nynehead, Somerset ; H. F. Blackett and F. Sandford, both 

I'his Mission is the outcome of the profound interest in 
the religious future of the peoples of India, felt by the great 
Cambridge theologians, Lightfoot, Hort, and Bishop VVest- 
cott. It never fails to call forth expressions of warm admiration 
from serious-minded officials and travellers in India. And 
from its example have proceeded an Oxford Mission in 
Calcutta, and one for members of the University of Dublin in 
Chota Nagpore. The Delhi Mission now needs two more 
men, and therewith an increase of annual subscribers. Mr 
Ward is the Treasurer. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

Osborn, G. 

Fowell, R. G. 

Shears, A. 

Gascoigne, W. J. 

Case, F. 

Aingcr, F. E. 

Woolcy, A. D. 
Lcgg, W. P. 

Scott, J. H. 
WmckJcy, S. T. 

Chapman, A. G. 
Hills, R. 
GoodaU, J. W. 

Mead, R. G. 
Anstice, J. B. 

Nicholson, W. W. 

B,A. From To be 

(1868) V. Carlton, Bam- V. Neepsend, SheiEeld 

(187a) formerly Prof of Di- Ass. Sec. Ch. Pastoral 

vinity in Hurin Aid Society 

College, Ontario 
(1851) V. Sileby, Leicester- R. Black Notley, Essex 


(1881) formerly of Heath, R. Upton Hellens, 
Derbyshire Devon 

(1872) V. Tudeley, Ton- V. Holy Trinity, E. 
bridge Peckham 

(1882) formerly C. Culler- R. Layston, Herts, 

(1863) C. Cranleigh V. Westcott, Surrey 

(1888) C. All SS., Maryle- Dioc. Missionaiy, 

bone London 

(1868) R. of Spitalfields R. Dean of Spitalfields 

(1880) V. St Cath., Netting- R. Houghion-on-lhe- 
ham Hill, Leicester 

(1884) C. Adding ton R. Tiniagel, Cornwall 

(i860) R. Hordley, Salop R. Tilstock, Salop 

(1881) V. Dalton, Rother-V. lickhill, Rolherham 

(1856) R. Balcombe, Sussex Prebendary of Chichester 
(1850) V. Hungerford R. Hariley-Westpall, 

(1888) C. Capel, Dorking Chap, to H.M.S 


The following were admitted to Deacon's Orders at the 
September Ordinations ; 

Hibbert, A. F., M.A, 
Harding. W. H„ B.A. 
Nutley, W., B.A. 
Pcgge. J. v.. M.A. 
Price, W. G.. B.A. 
Wilcox, H., B.A. 

Diocese. Parish, 

Lichfield Denstone College 

Southwell Huckhall Torkard 

Gloucester St Michael. Bristol 

St Albans Rickmansworih 

"Worcester C)ilton-on-Dunsmore 

Liverpool St Athanasius, Kirkdale 

Mr Nutley was at Ridley Hall for a year after taking his 

Our Chronicle. 397 

We notice the decease of two aged clerical members of the 
College, each a man of considerable influence in his neighbour- 
hood, the Rev John Mould, i6th Wrangler fifty-six years ago, 
who was Vicar of the pleasant town of Oakham for nearly 
thirty years; and the Rev James Deans, B.A. no less than 
sixty-one years ago, and for thirty-one years Vicar of another 
attractive country town, Exminster, Devon. 

Many of our readers doubtless know that this year Dr Garrett, 
our renowned organist, celebrates the jubilee of his musical 
career, for it was in 1844 that, as a boy of the age of ten, he 
was admitted as a chorister of New College, Oxford. Dr 
Garrett was born at Winchester and was of a musical family. 
His father was a lay-clerk in Winchester Cathedral and master 
of the choir school. ** At six years of age," says Dr Garrett, 
"I could play the pianoforte with tolerable fluency." Only 
three years were spent by Dr Garrett in the choir of New 
College, for an attack of illness compelled him to leave the 
choir at the end of that time. After regaining his health he 
was articled to B. Long, Mus. Bac, Oxon., deputy to Dr Chard, 
organist of Winchester Cathedral, and on the death of Chard in 
1849 his articles were transferred to Samuel Sebastian Wesley, 
who came to Winchester from Leeds. Under Wesley Dr Garrett 
worked nearly five years. In 1854 he had the off'er of the organ 
at the Cathedral at Madras, which he accepted. The appoint- 
ment was a very good one, but in two years the climate proved 
too much for him, and he came home. About the time of his 
return to England Alfred Bennett, organist of St John's College, 
was preparing to start for an appointment at Calcutta. Bennett, 
who had himself been a pupil of Wesley, invited Dr Garrett to 
come up to Cambridge and try for the appointment that he was 
leaving. There was no compeiition ; Dr Garrett played a few 
services and was elected forthwith. In 1857 he graduated 
Mus. Bac. under Prof. Sterndale Bennett, and Mus. Doc. ten 
years later under the same Professor. In 1 873 he was appointed 
University organist and in 1878 the degree of M.A. was conferred 
upon him. 

Dr Garrett's reputation as a composer is as extensive as the 
field of the Anglican Church, and scores of organists would 
echo to-day the remark which Sir John Goss made over thirty 
years ago — *' I don't know what we should do without Garrett's 
services." Altogether there are now published of Dr Garrett's 
compositions, fi^t, complete services, sixteen or seventeen 
anthems, some organ pieces, a cantata, Tht Shunaviite^ two 
Church cantatas. The Harvest Cantata and The Two Advents, 
the 43rd Psalm and some choruses for male voices in waltz form 
entitled " Hope." 

[A fuller account, with an excellent photograph, may be seen 
in the Musical Herald, September i, 1894, ^o which we acknow- 
ledge our indebtedness for the above.] 

398 Our Chronicle. 

The following University appointments have been announced : 
Dr Watson, to be a Member of the Special Board for Divinity 
until December 31, 1896, in the room of Dr Wallis, lately 
appointed Bishop of Wellington ; Mr Bateson, an Examiner in 
Zoology for the Natural Science Tripos and Special ; Mr Lake, 
an Examiner in Geology for the same examinations ; Mr Lister, 
an Examiner in Elementary Biology for the First M.B. ; Pro- 
fessor Alexander Macalister and Dr Rolleston, Examiners in 
Human Anatomy for the Natural Science Tripos and Second 
M.B. ; Mr Heitland, an Examiner in the Classical Tripos, 
Part L ; Professor Clark, an Examiner in the Law Tripos ; Mr 
Mathews, an Examiner in the Mathematical Tripos, Part IL ; 
The Master, a Governor of the Perse School for five years from 
November 13, 1894; and to be a member of the Court of 
Discipline ; Mr. J. J. Lister, to be a member of the Botanic 
Garden Syndicate ; Dr A. Macalister, a member of the Fitzwilliam 
Museum Syndicate ; Mr A. Harker, a member of the Museums 
Syndicate; Mr I. A. Tillyard, a member of the Agricultural 
Science Syndicate; Mr J. Larmor, a member of the Special 
Board for Mathematics ; Mr J. E. Marr, a member of the 
Special Board for Biology and Geology; Mr E. E. Foxwell, 
an Examiner at Affiliated Local Lectures Centres. 

The number of members of the College on the Electoral Roll 
of the Senate, as published in the Reporter (October 23), for the 
ensuing academical year is seventy-six. 

The Editors acknowledge with thanks the receipt of a photo- 
graph of Dr Donald MacAlister, late Chairman, for the Editorial 

The following verses, written on a sheet of letter-paper 
inserted in the first volume of the fine copy of Augustine's 
Works in the College Library (2.14.1 — 15), have recently 
received additional illustration from a paragraph in the Life of 
Whytehead, published in 1877, where at page 76 he writes: — 
*' I have had a present made me of St. Augustine's Works, 
employment enough for Freshwater evenings." The verses are 
from the pen of the late Mr A. J. Beresford Hope, for many 
years representative of the University in Parliament, and the 
allusion to 'Vectis' (Isle of Wight) shews that the copy of 
Augustine in question was presented to Whytehead by Beresford 
Hope, with whom he was intimate at the University, at the 
time of the former leaving St John's to undertake the duties of 
curate at Freshwater under Dr Isaacson : 

To THE Rkv T. Whytehead. 

Dear Friend, who, at stern duty's voice, exile 
To fame prefcrredst, well content to dwell 
Where round old Vcctis' rock-encircled isle 
With endless boom tumultuous billows bwell, 

Our Chronicle. 399 

As once from out luxurioas Italy 
Augustine at Ambrosius* call did flee 
To desert Hippo, there with watch and ward 
Steadfastly " God's beleaguered Church " to guard ; 
Receive his writings, thou that worthy art 
Of converse with an Apostolic heart, 
As through thy life to these cold times appears 
The meek deep piety of bygone years. 
And in thy peaceful countenance we trace 
Features all bright of an old saintly face. 
Vigil of St. Matthew, Alex. J. Beresford Hope. 


The following original MSS. by Sir J. F. W. Herschel have 
been presented to the Library by Mr Scott : 

1. Scientific Miscellanies. Folio. 

2. Supplement to Appendix to Lacroix. 4to. 

3. Mathematical Papers. 4to. 

4. On the Nautical Almanac. 8pp. 4to. 

5. On continued Products, Trigonometrical Series and Equations. 4to. 

6. Scientific Papers. 4to. 

7. Catalogues of double Stars. 3 books. 

8. Report on Meteorological Observations. Folio. 

9. Consideration of various points of Analysis contributed to Philosoph- 

ical Transactions. Folio. 1H14. 

10. Contributions to Cambridge Philosophical Society. 

11. Lacroix's Differential and Integral Calculus, translated, with 

Appendix and Notes, by Sir J. F. W. Herschel. 

12. Report on the South African Infant School Association. 4to. 

I3« Original MSS. of Reviews on (i) Works on Terrestrial Magnetism 
(ii) Wheweirs History of the Inductive Sciences. 410. 


Just across the little "Low Sand Lane,** as it is called, that separates the 
early home of the Wordsworths from the buildings opposite, was born on 
July 4, 1787, in the humble cottage of a handloom weaver, a boy who j^rew up 
to be a kind of calculating marvel, to whom arithmetical problems were as 
easy as the eating of bread and butter. Fearon Fallows, at the age of six, 
could do such mental arithmetic as the computing of the farthings in six 
guineas. He worked on at the loom as he grew, learned Latin between the 
pauses of the work at the treadles, became Arithmetic Master at Plumbland 
School, went thence, by means of a scholarship in 1809, to St John's College, 
Cambridge, was third wrangler in 18 13 (Herschel being first in that year), 
became lecturer, and moderator, and principal examiner at Cambridge, took 
orders, and, in 1826, was chosen by the Admiralty to go ont to Cape Town to 
found an observatory. 

There at the Cape Fearon Fallows lived and laboured with an able partner 
of his life and life's work, the daughter of his patron, the Rev H. N. Har\ey, 
vicar of Bridekirk; and it is astounding that, with the imperfect instruments 
supplied to him, he was able to effect what he did. Alas ! work and worry, 
and a touch of sunstroke, added to zn attack of scarlet fever, called him too 
soon to his rest ; he died at his post on the 25th of July, 1 831, in the forty- 
third year of his age. 

One never thinks of the brave man, smitten whh death, but refusing to 
leave the observatory before the equinox, without remembering how splendidly 
his wife helped him. She worked away at the astronomer's art till she was 
able to undertake " the circle observation " while he was engaged with " the 
tran&it," and in every way became his most efficient assistant. 

400 Our Chronicle 

Let us go out of Cockermouth to St Bridget's Kirk — Bridekirk of to-day— 
and see the quaint old church, with its deeply -interesting Saxon font that, as 
the runic inscription tells us, *' Richard wrought, and to such state of beauty 
brought " ; and let us remember that in thai font was baptized the vicar's 
daughter, the little girl who afterwards became the astronomer's right hand 
in the lonely Cape Town Observatory. 

It is not often that the vicar makes the son of his parish clerk his son-in- 
law : this was the case in point, and worthier son-in-law no vicar ever had. 
There are those still living in the parish who can call to mind the waveiing, 
quave^ng voice in which the astronomer's father used to give out the key-note 
of the psalm that was to be sung in the primitive, ante-organ days. 

Literary Association of the English Lakes : H. D. Rawnsley 
(MacLehose and Sons 1894). 

What I have said may be illustrated by a contrast between two of our 
benefactors, not, I hasten to explain, an invidious contrast, for I can truly 
assert that I do not honour the one the less because I honour the other the 

There is a name on our list of benefactors on which history casts no slur, 
whose wealth was not ill-gotten nor ill-spent, whose charitable gifts could not 
be in any way regarded as compositions with a guilty conscience or an out- 
raged nation, whose private virtues corresponded to her public actions. She 
was the daughter and mother of England's kings, the descendant of Alfred 
and the ancestress oi Victoria, the foster-mother of a numberless family of 
painful students and diligent servants of God and man. She is one whom I, 
a preacher to-day, and as in private duty bound for thirty years, have special 
cause to hold in the highest honour — the Lady Margaret. 

She to-day is honoured with the honour that is her due. She takes first 
place in our list after the Royal Benefactors, as the Foundress of two Colleges, 
as the establisher and endower of our earliest Professorship, as the provider of 
an annual stipend for a public preacher. It is beyond my power to give her a 
worthy encomium, and she needs none. One who knew the secrets of her life 
said that she was in four respects noble, — by birth and by affinity, by manners 
and by nature ; and history, which blots out many of the eulogies pronounced 
on princes, witnesses in this case that he did not exceed the truth. Those 
askmg for a fitting memorial to the Lady Margaret must be told to look 
around them : her own works still living — beneficent, vocal — bless her in our 

But there is one whom, though put to death by one of our Royal Bene- 
factors, all good men, not the Pope only, call blessed; one whose noble 
benefactions 10 us sprang not out of the superabundance of Royal wealth, but 
out of narrow fortunes and scanty preferments frugally administered and 
wholly devoted to our good. If not one penny of his had ever come our way, 
still as our prudent Chancellor for thirty years in critical times, as the 
enlightened yet discriminating advocate of the New Learning amongst us, and 
the munificent and much-loved patron of its first great teacher, we should owe 
him a debt not to be measured by silver and gold. Besides all this he was the 
Lady Margaret's Confessor and Director, who turned away her thoughts from 
endowing masses at the rich foundation of Westminster, towards which the 
spoiler was already stretching out his hand, by reminding her of the needs of 
Cambridge — the fewness of its colleges, the mean endowments of its learning, 
the meagre provisions for its scholars. She might, he told her, double her 
charity and her reward by affording as well supports to learning and encourage- 
ments to virtue amongst us. 

It was to this man's activity and endeavours that the execution of the Lady 
Margaret's designs after her death was wholly due, so that he is rightly called 
the sole and principal agent in carrying them out. It is on record concerning 
a college of this University that it was undertaken by his advice, was endowed 
by his bounty or interest, preserved from ruin by his prudence and care, grew 
up and flourished under his countenance and protection, and was at last per- 
fected by his conduct. That college, in the last moments of his life, address 

Our C/iro?iule. 401 

him as their father, teacher, praeceptor, legislator. Food and learning, every 
good thinjj they have they owe to nim. All that is iheiis they beg of him to 
use as his own. They are and ever will be wholly his. We say, though he 
in his modesty would have forbidden us, that wherever the Lady Margaret is 
foundress, there he is founder. If we owe much to the Lady Margaret, to 
him we owe the Lady Margaret herself. The Un versity, in an extant letter 
addressed to him, acknowledges all this. Their obligations, they say, are more 
than they can express. They decreed to him by statute a yearly memorial 
service. And yet the name of John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, is not found 
in the list of benefactors which is read to-day. 

I do not wish to refer to the omission of Bishop Fisher's name as if it were 
due to the misjudgment of those who compiled our list. I do not wish lo 
regard it as a mistake in regard to an individual to be remedied by a few 
strokes of the pen. Rather I regard it as a typical case, a glaring illustration 
of the fact that no li-,t, however compiled, can comprise the names of our 
University's greatest benefactors. 

From the University Sermon preached at Great St Mary's on Sunday^ 
Nov. 4, 1894, by Dr F. Watson, Lady Margaret Preacher. 

There is a character in English history — Loid FalkLmd — who was killed in 
the Civil War at the battle of Newbury. He was comparatively a young man. 
There was nothing to distinguish him from many who died in that campaign, 
but he has always lived to these times because of his passionate desire for 
peace. Though he was brave, he was constantly heard murmuring among his 
companions, '* Peace, peace," He could not think of anything but an end to 
that war. There are millions of Lord Falklands now. The one passion, the 
one secret passion of every breast in this world as I believe, putting the caste 
aside whose unfortunate destiny devotes them to war, I believe the one 
passion of every disinterested bosom in this world is for peace — industrial and 
international peace. 

From Lord Roskbery's Speech at the Guildhall Banquet, 
November 10, 1894. 

[Peruvian Bark] was imported into Spain in 1639, but it met with little 
favour, and popular prejudice ran so high against it that had it not been for 
the Papal Autnority it would probably have been consigned to oblivion — at 
least for a time. It was first introduced into England fourteen years later, 
and was used among others by Dr R. Brady, Ma:»ter of Gonville and Cuius 
College, who became Regius Professor of Physic in 1677. Its general 
adoption in the treatment of malaria, however, was chiefly due to Robert, 
(aftei wards Sir Robert) Talbor, who was a Sizar of St John's College, 
Cambridge in 1663, and a Fellow-commoner in 1681, the year of his death .... 
Some interesting details of this once celebrated empiric are given in Master's 
Hisjtory of Corpus Christi College (p. 387), and the following inscription to 
his memory exists in Holy Trinity Church in this Town : 

Dns Robertus Talbor alias Tabor 

Eques Auratus et medicus singularis, 

Unicus Febrium Malleus, 

Carolo 2do Ludovico 1410 

ilii M. Britanniae Huic Galliae 

Serenissimis Regibus. 

Professor Bradbury : Pharmacology and Therapeutics (1894), p. 15. 

Five undergraduate members of the college one night played whist from 
ten o'clock p.m. till the chapel bell began to ring for morning prayer at 
quarter to seven a.m One of the famous Kennedys (George) was of the 
party. Now, it happened that he had just cut out when the bell began to 
toll, and as he had nnrr been at morning chapel before, he said he would 
for once go and keep a chapel ^ as it was then called. Unfortunately the 
Dean noticed his unwonted presence, and, his suspicions being roused, 

VOL. XVin. GliCi 

402 Our Chronicle. 

followed him to the iooms» where he had just cut in for a new rnbber. Of 
course the doat was sported, but the Dean demanded admittance, and the 
five delinquents were had up and duly lectured and impositioned, owing their 
immunity from heavier penalties to the fact that a roan who was sure to be 
at the top of the classical tripos was among them. That is an ** ower true 
tale." Two of the party are still in the land of the living. 

St John's was strong in whist in those days. George Kennedy was a 
first-rate player, so was the late Master, Dr Bateson, so was Henry Ralph 
Frances, and so was a deai old friend of mine, who ended his dajrs some 
twelve months ago, a typical country parson, beloved and lamented by all 
who knew him. There were none of them mathematicians, they were all 
classics of the old schools of the Kennedys, Selwyns, and Wordsworths. 
And this leads me to one more anecdote to cap the one which your article 
iJ)aify Chronicle^ Not. 27) gives us of Dr Parr, It was once my fortune to 
oe set down to a rubber in the Common Room at St John's with three 
Senior Wranglers, and I can truly say that the gentleman who was my 
partner was ray only adversary, and that I received raluable help irom my 
right-hand and from my left-hand neighbour. I da not hold that mathematics, 
have much to do with making a good whist player. 

** Laudator Temporis Acti** : London Daily Chronicle, November 29. 

[The writer questions the authenticity of the famous whis.t-stor}' which 
Mr Courtney {** English Whist, etc.**), localizes in the old chapel of St 

iohn*s. "Laudator Temporis Acti" confesses that he has seen cards 
andled there, but adds "sermons in chapel were few and far between, 
and rhetorical preachers were an uidcnown quantity there.'* J 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced r Catalogue of the Mesozoic Plants in the Department of 
Geology, British Museum, Part i fThallophyta-Pteridophyta), by 
A. C. Seward ; The Central Conic (Macmillan), by J. Milne and 
R. F. Davis ; Lessons in Organic Chemistry (elementary), by G. S. 
Turpin ; The Orations of Cicero against Catilina„ ueiu edition 
(Macmillan), by Dr A. S. Wilkins; Livy, book xxi^ translated 
into English (Macmillan), by A. J. Church and W. J. Brodribb, 
late Fellow; A Treatise on Bessel Functions (Macmillan), by 
G. B* Mathews and A. Gray ; Lessons in Practical Bacteriology 
(Macmillan), by A. A. Kanthack and J. H. Drysdale; A Course 
erf Experimental Psychology (Macmillan)^ by J. McKeen Cattell ; 
Thermodynamics (Sampson Low), by J. Parker; Text-Book of 
Palaeontology for Zoological Students (Swan Sonnenschein), by 
T. T. Groom ; Fertilisets and Feeding Stuffs (Crosby Lockwood), 
by B. Dyer and A. J. David ; Arithmetic for the Standards (Bell), 
by C. Pendiebury and VV. S. Beard ; Insect Life (Methuen), by 
F. W. Theobald ,- A Study of the Argonautica of Valerius Flaccus 
(Bell), by W. C Summers ; The Orations of Socrates (Bell), trans- 
lated by J. H. Freesc, formerly Fellow; The Scientific Papers of 
John Couch Adams, Honorary Fellow of St fohn's College, 6fc., 
vol, / (University Press), edited by Dr J. Grylis Adams; Morbid 
Anatomy and Pathology (University Press), by Dr H. D. Rolleston 
and A. A. Kanthack ; Futuh al-Habashah, or. The Conquest of 
Abyssinia (Williams and Norgate), edited by S. A. Strong; 
Thomas of London (University Press), by L. B. Radford, {Prince 
Consort Dissertation 1893); ^^ Introduction to Abel's Theorem and 
the allied Theory (University Press), by H. F. Baker ; The Fables 

Our Chronicle. 


of JEsop (Macmillan), by Joseph Jacobs ; Spokes in the Wheel of 
Life (S.P.C.K.), by C. 6. Griffenhoofe. Introduction to the 
study of English History, third edition, with Supplement, by S. R. 
Gardiner and J. Bass MuUinger, (Kegan Paul & Co.). 

College Examinations 1894. 



Zrd Year (Dec. 1893). 

2nd Year, 

1st Year, 

ist Class, 

1st Class, 

1st Class, 





t Smallpeice 
\ Maclachlan 
I Carter 





Cook, S. S. 

* Absent from part of the Examination. 


ird Year. 

2nd Year, 

1st Year, 

1st Class, 

1st Class, 

1st Class. 

Tate, R. W, 
Jones, H. P. 

Gaskell (div, i) 
Hardwich {div. 2) 

Townsend {div. i) 
f Greeves {div, 2) 
' [ Ledgard 

Natural Sciences (Dec. 


Zrd Year. 

2nd Year. 

1st Year, 

1st Class, 

1st Class. 

1st Class. 

Brown, W. C. 



Law (Dec. i 


2nd Year, 

1st Class, 

1st Class, 




Hughes Prizes. 

Wright's Prizes. 

yd Year, 

2nd Year, 

1st Year, 

Blackman, S. S.F. 





Sir John Herschel 

{for Astronomy), 

Greek Testameih'. 
Not awarded* 

Ds Httttoa 


Our Chronicle. 

HocKiN Prize 

Nevvcombe Prize 

Semitic Languages 

{for Phyiics), 

{for Moral Sciences). 

{College Prize), 

Not awarded. 

Ds Green, P. 


Reading Prizes. 

Choral Students. 

Essay Prizes. 




f Reissman 

\ Sumner, F. W. 





Hutch rNsoN Studentship 

{for research in Pathology), 

Ds Villy 

Foundation Scholarships Continued for 

. the Ensuing Year. 

Ds Brown, \V. L. 



Blackman, S. S. F. 

Ds Horton-Smith, L. 


Blackman. V. H. 

Horton-Smith, R. J. 

Orton, K. J. P. 


Ds Hou-jh 

Ds Pocklington 


Jones. H. P. 




Sui illpeice 



Ds Stone 

Ds Dale 


Tale, R. W. 








Ds Masterman 



Elected to Founda- 

tion Scholarships. 


Proper Sizarships. 

Ds Green 

2nd Year, 

2nd Year, 

Ds Hulton 



ird Year, 



Brown, W. C. 


1st Year, 



Cook, S. S. 




2nd Year,, 

1st Year, 













\st Year. 




School Exhibitioners (Elected i October). 

DoTvman Exhibition: H. T. W. BuUer and G. E. lies (Pocklineton 
School). ^ 

Newcome Exhibition : H. N. Matthews (Grantham School). 

Johnson Exhibition : G. B. Norman (Oakham School). 

Somerset Exhibition : W. Baker (Hereford School). 

Lupton and HebbUthwaite Exhibition : M. Forster (Sedbergh School). 

Spalding and Symonds Exhibition : W. K. Keflbrd (Bury St Edmund's 

Marquis of Exeter Exhibition : H. Sncath (Stamford School). 


Blackman, V. H. 

Cameron, A. S. 

Brown, W. C. 



Gregoi y 






Our Chro7iicle. 405 

Tripos Examinations June 1894.* 
Classical Tripos Part I. 

Class L Class I L , Class II L 

McElderry \ . ,. Jones, H. P. {div. i) Green \ ... . 

Tate, R. W. / ^'^'^- ^) Alcock I ... ,. Whitman \ ^^"- ^^ 

Tait, A. J. ; ^^'^' 3) Davies, H. H. ) 

Franks, J. E. } {div. 3) 
Jackson, E. W. j 
Part II. 
Class I, Class II. 

Ds Horton-Smith {Philology) Nicklin 

Natural Sciences Tripos Part I. 

Class /. Class II Class III. 


Part II. 
Class I. Class ///. 

B'ackman, S. S. F. (Zoology) Eajiles 

AIcDougall {Physioloi/yf Human Anatomy) 

Law Tripos Part II. 

Class I. 
2 Ds Sheepshanks 

Class II. 
10 Ds Moss-Blundell 

Class III 
26 Allan 

40 Merriman {bracketed) 

Theological Tripos Part I. 

Class II. 



Part II. 

Class /. 

Ds Hutton {Old Testament) 


Ds Stone 

• For Tripos Lists not here given see the last number of the EagU 
(xvm, p. 316). 

4o6 Our Chronicle. 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 
The following is the list of officers : — 

First Captain— W, H. Bonscy. Second Captain^K. P. Hadland. ffbn. 
Secretary — R. Y. Bonsey. Ifon. Treasurer— F. Lydall. First Lent Captain 
— E. C. Taylor. Second Lent Captain^C, C. Ellis. Additional Captain^ 
A. C. ScoiUar. 

University Coxswainless Fours, These races were rowed on 
November i, 2, and 3. There were seven entries. 

Heat L — ^November i. 

Station I'^Emmanael. 
„ 2 — Lady Margaret. 

This was a very good race. Both boats started well and 
there was nothing to choose between them up to Grassy. At 
the Red Grind L.M.B.C. were a few yards ahead. All the 
way up the Long Reach Emmanuel gradually drew away, and 
at the Railway Bridge were twenty yards to the good. Here 
our men spurted and gained all the way to the finish, but were 
beaten by eight yards : Emmanuel doing the fastest time in the 
day. Our crew were : 

St. lbs, 

W. H. Bonsey fhow dr* steerer) 11 12 

2 F. Lydall I2 10 

3 R.P.Hadland 12 8 

R. Y. Bonsey ^j/r<?>&<; 12 8 

Mr L. H. K. Bushe-Fox, whom we are glad to have once more 
among us, coached the crew. 

R, H, Forster Handicap Sculls, November 5 and 7. Mr R. H. 
Forster again very kindly presented a prize for this race. There 
were thirty-four entries, which shows a great increase on last 
year's entry of 1 1. This year the races were rowed down stream, 
from the Pike and Eel to Ditton Corner. In the final H. P. Hope 
and G. T. Whiteley met, H. P. Hope winning a plucky race by 
thirty yards. The winner had 1 10 seconds start, G. T. Whiteley 
had 90 seconds start. 

Pearson and Wright Sculls, There were four entries, viz., 
W. H. Bonsey, F. Lydall, A. C. Scoular, W. J. Fox. The races 
were rowed on November 9 and 10. 

Heat /. W. H. Bonsey had second station and passed A. C. 
Scoular at Ditton Comer. Secular's wrist unfortunately gave 

Heat II, Won by F. Lydall, who had second station, and 
passed W. J. Fox at Grassy Corner. 

Final Heat, W. H. Bonsey had first station and F. Lydall 
second station. Both got away well from the start, Lydall, 

Our Chronicle. 407 

however, began to gain. On rounding Ditton Comer W. H. 
Bonsey, endeavouring to spurt, upset, and Lydall won as he 

Clinker Fours. The Clinkers were rowed November 7, 8, 
12 and 13. There were nine entries. L.M.B.C. were drawn 
against the winners. Third Trinity rowed a very plucky race. 
Unfortunately Third Trinity's pistol went off before they reached 
the post, and it was decided to row the race on the following 
day. Again an excellent race ensued, Third Trinity winning 
by eight yards. 

Our crew, which was coached by Mr H. T. E. Barlow, 
rowed most pluckily in both races. We shall no doubt hear of 
stroke and three again. The crew consisted of : 

E. H. Lloyd-Jones, bow 

2 H. Bentley 

3 O. F. Diver 

E. W. Airy, stroke 
L. A. Body, cox 

Trial Eights, These races were rowed on November 24. 
There were three Senior Trials and Four Junior. 

Senior Trials. The crew coached by A. J. Davis won a very 
good race, and there was plenty of pluck shown, the men really 
rowing themselves out. 

Junior Trials, The crew coached by W. J. Fox won this 
race. They defeated C. C. Ellis's crew in the first heat, and 
E. C. Taylor's crew in the final. In the second heat E. C. 
Taylor's crew beat A. C. Secular's crew by about thirty yards. 
The following were the crews : 

Senior Crew. yunior Crew, 

H. S. Fitt, how 

2 A. J. Walker 

3 R. F. C. Ward 

4 F. E. Murray 

5 G. E. lies 

6 P. L. May 

7 E. H. Lloyd- Jones 
E. W. Airy, stroke \ E. Bristow, stroke 
J. C. F. Grosjcan, cox \ J. II. Rawcliffe, cox 

P. Dastur, bow 

2 R. N. Thainc 

3 B. L. Hail 

4 M. Forster 

5 J. G. McCorraick 

6 C. T. Davis 

7 E. M. Bendon 

Scratch Fours. These were rowed on November 26. There 
were sixty-five entries. The following crew won : 

G. F. Cooke, bow 

2 H. Bentley 

3 H. S. Fitt 

R. H. Forster, stroke 
H. P. Hope, cox 

The L.M.B.C. had two representatives in the University Trial 
Eights this year, viz. R. Y. Bonsey, who stroked the winning crew, 

4o8 Our Chronicle. 

and F. Lydall, who rowed six in the losing boat. Mr Bushe-Fox 
coached the winning crew at the request of the President of the 
C.U.B.C. Since the Trials were rowed, the University boat has 
been out, coached by Mr Bushe-Fox, in which R. Y. Bonsey 
has been rowing two. We sincerely hope he may succeed in 
getting his * blue.' 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

Captain— W, Falcon. Bon, Sec.—C, D. Robinson. 

Matches played lo: won 6, lost 3, drawn i. Points for, 76; 
points against, 27. 

Date, Club, Result. Points. 

Oct. 24th .... Selwyn Won, 2 goals 2 tries to I try 16 to 3 

„ 26th.. ..Christ's ,, Won, I goal 3 tries to m7 14 to o 

„ 30th .... King's Won, i goal 2 tries to «i/ 1 1 to o 

Nov. I St. • . . Caius Lost, nil to i goal o to 5 

„ 5th .... Trinity Drawn, w/V to «i7 o to o 

„ i6th.. ..Jesus Lost, I try to I goal I try 3 to 8 

„ 19th .... Caius Won, I goal I try to m7 8 to o 

„ 23rd. . . .Trinity Lost, I goal to I goal 2 tries 5 to 1 1 

„ 2bth.... Trinity Hall , Won, i goal i try to m7 8 to o 

Dec. 3rd. . . .Emmanuel Won, i goal 2 tries to nil 1 1 to o 

The Rugby team has had a very successful season, although 
only six old colour-men were available. We have played ten 
matches, of which we have won six, lost three, and drawn one. 
Six matches were scratched : Clare scratching twice, Jesus once, 
and Queens' once, while the Pembroke and Peterhouse matches 
were scratched on account of the weather. W. Falcon has only 
been able to assist us on three occasions, whilst P. G. Jacob has 
only been able to play once. We heartily congratulate both of 
them on being chosen to play for the University against 
Oxford. Colours have been given to the following: J. M. 
Marshall (lull back); K. Clarke, E. C. Taylor (three-quarter 
backs) ; P. G. Jacob, A. C. Boy d( half-backs) ; G. D. McCormick. 
A. C. Pilkington, W. T. Clements, C. E. Cottam, H. E. Robeils 

The Second XV have played eight matches, of which they 
have won three, lost four, and drawn one. 

Association Football Club 

Captain—^, J. C. Warren. Hon. Sec—K. Reeve. 

Of the eighteen matches played up to the present time we 
have won ten, lost five, and drawn three. 

In the first round of the College Cup we drew a bye, defeated 
Peterhouse in the second round, and in the third round drew 
with Jesus, but when the match was replayed were beaten. 

The Second Eleven were unfortunate in having several 

Our Chronicle. 


matches abandoned owing to wet weather, but out of eight 
played four have been won and four lost. 

In the second match with Fitzwilliam Hall we had only ten 

We congratulate Wiltshire and Matthews on playing in the 
Freshmen's Match. 

The team and characters will appear in the next number of 
the Eagle. 

The following is the result of the matches : 

1st XI. 

Oct. 1 8th 


Club. Risult. 

.Clare .•., Lost.,.. 

20th Peterhouse* Won ,., 

23rd Jesus Won , , 

25th TiinityHall Won .. 

27th ..... Pembroke Drawn . . , 

30th Emmanuel Won . , , 

6th Trinity Rest Won .. 

8th... ...Jesus* Drawn.. 

loth St. Ives Won . . 

13th Jesus* Lost.... 

17th King's Lost...., 

2ist Emmanuel Lost...., 

23rd Trinity Hall Won .. 

24th .... Wisbech Won .. 

27th Selwyn Lost.... 

28th Christ's Drawn . . 

29th Caius Won . . 

30th Clare , Won .. 















...... 2 


...... 2 

I • 


••.... I 











2nd XI. 

Oct. 30th Queens' Won 

Nov. 1st Selwyn Lost.. 

„ 6th Trinity Rest Lost.. 

„ 7th WestWratting Lost.. 

„ loth Pembroke Won 

„ 19th Fitzwilliam HaJl Won 

„ 22nd King's Won 

„ 24th FiUwilliam Hall Lost.. 


• Cup Tic. 

Athletic Club. 

President—-^. Falcon. Hon. Secretary — K. Clarke. Committee — G. P. K. 
Winlaw, C. O. S. Platton, E. H. Lloyd- Jones, J. H. Metcalfe, C. C. Angell, 
H. Reeve, E. C. Taylor, H. B. Watts, W. H. Bonsey (ist Boat Capt. 
tx offUio). 

The Sports were to have been held this Term, but were 
postponed till next term, on account of the number of men 
Rowing and playing Football. 


4IO Our Chronicle. 

General Athletic Club, 

A meeting was held in the Reading Room on Wednesday; 
October 31st, and the following were elected: — F. Lydall, 
Junior Member of Commitiee'^ J. G. McCormick, Han, Secretary, 

In spite of the fact that this Qub is in great financial 
difficulties, twenty-six third year men, twelve second and eleven 
iirst have refused to join. A little self-denial and patriotism on 
the part of these gentlemen would enable St John's to compete 
on level terms with other colleges of its standing. The 
Amalgamation has the first claim on every member of the 
College, and till this is clearly understood deficits must be 
always looked for. 

Eagle Lawn Tennis Club* 

President—'^ R. F. Scott. Treasurer—Vl , Falcon. Secretary—^, Y» 

The following members were elected at a meeting held it> 
Lecture Room VI on Friday, November 2nd : — Mr H. T. E. 
Barlow, F. Lydall, E. C. Taylor, C. C. Ellis, and F. E. Edwardes. 

Lacrosse Club. 

Captain-^W. J. Leigh-Phillips. Hon, Sec.-^K, L. Gregory. 

No matches have been played this term, but next term we 
shall be much disappointed if the College is not found equal to 
the task of beating the strongest team that the rest of the 
University can put into the field. That St John's is at present the 

Eremier College in the game,, there is no possible doubt ; but U> 
ave a really strong team we must have more men playing than 
at present. Such men as have joined this term are consickrably 
above the average in capability, and we hope that more will 
come down next term as soon as the demands of boating and 
football become less exacting. In W. J. Clements and A. C. 
Boyde we have gained two defence men of exceptional promise ; 
while among the older men, W. K. Wills has developed into a 
very useful centre. His energy is a refreshing sight, but he 
trusts too much to his weight ; if he could learn to pass better, 
he would find that he would be able to economise his strength 
and use it on occasion more effectively than at present. We 
congratulate him on getting his University colours this term. la 
Leigh-Phillips we have a captain of undoubted, though latent^ 
power ; if he would only learn how to do himself justice, he 
would be really good. 

The College furnishes a large proportion of the men for the 
University teams. Leigh-Phillips^ Gregory, Wills, Clements^ 

Our Chronicle. 411 

Boyde, Prest, and Lupton have all played for the University ist 
XII ; while P. C. Taylor and P. W. G. Sargeant have played for 
the 2nd XII. 

The College team is much weakened by the absence of the 
former captain, Kefford, but we hope that it will be able to 
render a good account of itself in the matches next term. 

Fives Club, 

President— lix H. R. Tottenham. Captain— 1,. Horton- Smith. Secre^ 
4ary — A. B. Maclachlan. Treasurer — C. R. McKee. Committee — Mr 
H. T. E. Barlow, F. E. Edwardes, J. Lupton, A. J. Tail. 

The Club was fortunate in having the assistance of three 
members of last season's team, L. Horton-Smith, J. Lupton, 
A. B. Maclachlan. We have been fairly successful, winning three 
matches, drawing one, and losing one. On our own courts we 
beat Queens' by 126 points to 85, Caius by 120 to 40, and 
Christ's by 118 to loo,- and lost to the Old Merchant Taylors 
hy 98 to 109. The return match against Christ's on Christ's 
court was a draw in favour of Christ's, there being no time to 
play more than the first rubber. The sum-total for the term is 
526 points scored for ut, 414 points against us. We played full 
strength only in one match. C. R. McKee played in every 
match, and F. £. Edwardes in four out of five. 

Debating Society. 

President— C. T. Powell. Vice- President —K, M. Schroder. Treasurer— 
T. Hay. Secretary— Pl, P. McNeile. Auditor— W, A. Gardner. Com- 
mittee— C, P. Keeling and V. M. Smith. 

The debates during the term have been as follows: 

Oct, to — " That the preponderating influence of the Press is 
to be deprecated." Proposed by T. Hay, opposed by R. O. P. 
Taylor. Lost by 6 to 14. 

Oct, 27 — **That this House looks forward to the time when 
Women will be admitted to the franchise." Proposed by A. P. 
McNeile, opposed by C. P. Keeling. Lost by 1 1 to 23. 

Nov,^ — "That this House would welcome the opening of 
Public Museums, Libraries, and Picture Galleries on Sundays." 
Proposed by H. M. Schroder, opposed by W. A. Gardner. Lost 
by 6 to 7. 

Nov. 10 — " That the present War in the Far East will be verj 
beneficial to humanity." Proposed by A. K. Cama, opposed bj 
J T. Barton. Carried by 15 to 14. 

412 Our Chrofiicle, 

Nov. 17— "That this House would strong:!}' discountenance 
any proposal to disestablish the Church." Proposed by R W. 
Tate B.A., opposed by R. S. Dower. On the motion of R. O. P. 
Taylor, the debate was adjourned till the following Saturday. 

Nov, 24 — R. O. P. Taylor re-opened the adjourned debate. 
The motion was carried by 16 to 5. 

j)ec, I — "That this House would regard with favour the 
establishment in this Country of a National Theatre subsidized 
by the State." Proposed by H. J. Adams, opposed by T. Hay. 
The motion was lost by 16 to 9. 

Except on the night of the " Pop," there was an attendance 
which averaged over forty for the term, though comparatively 
few members ever have the courage of their convictions sufficiently 
tQ enable them to vote. The element of lightness which has 
pervaded the Society of late seems to be dying out, and no 
fewer than nine out of every ten speakers during the terra are 
open to the accusation of having meant all that they said. 
Several Freshmen have leapt into prominence, and the First 
Year have taken an unusually large part in all the debates, J. S. 
Bryers and J. M. Marshall having reaped their reward in onerous 
duties imposed on them for next term. May they keep up the 
reputation of the Society in days to come, and take their seat on 
the Chair of the Union. 

Musical Society. 

Presid4nt—X>r Sandys. Treamrtr—'^T A. J. Stevens. Htm, Secretary-^ 
A. J. Walker. Assistant'Secrttary—C. P. Keeling. Lihrarian-^Q. T. PowcU. 
Committee '"'j, M. Hardwich, H. Reeve, C. B. Rootham. 

The Society is in a very flourishing condition, and has given 
this term three Smoking Concerts, as well as the Annual Satur- 
day Popular Concert in the Guildhall. To the first Smoker all 
the Freshmen were invited, and Lecture Room VI was well filled. 
The concert evidently made a favourable impression, as the 
Freshmen have joined in large numbers. Mr Barlow took the 
chair, and we can only hope that he may often undertake the 
duties of Chairman in the future. On Monday, 5th November, 
the Society gave its Concert of Classical Music before a most 
enthusiastic audience. These terminal concerts of * popular 
classics' are acquiring a deserved reputation, not only in 
St John's, but also in the University. The item of especial 
merit at the concert this term was Greig's Sonata for the violin 
and pianoforte, by Mr W. H. Reed of the Royal Academy of 

Our Chronicle. 413 

Music and H. P. Allen (Christ's). We were honoured on this 
occasion with the presence of several senior members of the 
College. Mr Sikes kindly took the chair. At the last Smoker 
Dr MacAlister presided The attendance was not quite up to the 
average, and the usual criticism that the concert was better than 
any that had gone before cannot be passed. The performers at 
the platform end of the room were good enough, especially 
Keeling, whose brilliant playing soon caught the attention of 
the whole audience ; but frequent interruption of a few voices 
from the back — not very musical, but evidently anxious to be 
heard — spoiled most of the other items. However, as general 
disapproval was felt, this is not likely to occur again. Next 
term the Society will again ask Dr Garrett to hold rehearsals 
for a May Concert Cantata, and there is every prospect of a 
strong chorus. 

Theological Society. 

Presidfttt—C, C. Ellis. Hon, Treat.— ^. P. Strangeways. Hon, Sec,^ 
W. A. Gardner. Committee^n, M. Schroder and V. M. Smith. 

The meetings were as follows : 

Nov, 9— In C. A. M. Evans' rooms. Subject, "The Catholic 
Doctrine of Grace," by Rev. E. G. Wood. 

Nov. 14 — In J. S. Miiller's rooms. Subject, "The place of 
Latimer in the English Reformation," by J. S. Miillcr. 

Nov, 23 — In J. W. Stoughton's rooms. Subject. " Religion : 
its share in the progress of humanity," by Rev A. Caldecott. 

Nov, 28 — In H. L. Woffindin's rooms. Subject, "The atti- 
tude of the Church towards Nonconformity," by G. H. Bournes 

Dec, 6 — In R. O. P. TayloPs rooms. A Social Meeting. 

There was usually a fair attendance, and the subjects of the 
papers were well discussed. 

4TH (Camb. Univ.) Volunteer Battalion: The Suffolk 

B Company, 

Early in the Term there was * Night Outpost Duty.' at which 
several members of *B' Company were present. After heroic 
efforts the * Butts ' were stormed with the loss of one man, who 
fell into a thorn bush. 

Ptcs. Clarke and Boas were the only Johnians able to attend 

414 Our Chronicle. 

the Field Day, and it is said they maintained the high standard 
of *B' Company in eJ05ciency and good conduct. Many miles 
were covered at a gentle walk, and the enemy completely beaten. 
The Trials interfered with the presence of the others. 

We turned up in great force to see the Adjutant crowned in 
the Senate House by the goddess of Peace, in the shape of the 
Vice-Chancellor, and a hood. It was a stirring spectacle. 

It is with great regret that we must own that the recruiting 
this year has not been up to our expectations. If present 
members of the corps will only bestir themselves a littUy we 
could certainly raise another thirty men in the College who 
would join. The Company Cup — the best in the Corps — will 
be lost to us unless enough men can be got to form a Company. 

We must congratulate J. A. Glover on his excellent shooting — 
the best Third Class in the Battalion — which won our Cup for 
him on December 3rd. 

C.U. Hare and Hounds. 

We congratulate C. C. Angell on being one of those chosen 
to represent Cambridge in the Annual Run against Oxford. 

The College Mission in Walworth. 

The supporters of the Mission have been very much pleased 
and encouraged by the accession to the Staff made since our 
last notes appeared. Just the right thing has occurred. One of 
the heartiest undergraduate supporters we have had since the 
time of our foundation has chosen our district as the place, 
where, above all others, he wished to being his work as a clergy- 
man. Peter Green (B.A. 1893) was, as every recent resident 
knows, one of the most influential men in College and one of 
the best known Johnians in the University. He showed an 
interest in the Mission from the outset, and both the work itself 
and the personality of the Missioners cooperated to determine 
his choice of a first sphere of work. This fresh attachment of 
the work to ourselves by the strongest of ties, a living friendship 
and association, will be felt keenly on the College side. Our 
greatest difficulty would arise if all our Missioners, however 
much esteemed, were too remote from undergraduate interests, 
and we rejoice on every hand in now having three different 
generations of Johnians worthily represented on the staff of 
Missioners. Green is already resident at 6, Chatham Place, and 
hopes to be ordained Deacon at the Advent Ordination. We 
may also add that it is felt that Green's strong liking for social 
and economic subjects will be highly appreciated and most 
useful in his new position. 

The gathering of Johnians in Walworth at the Harvest 

Our Chronicle. 4^5 

Festival in October has gradually grown larger and larger. 
This year Canon Body was the preacher, and there was a very 
large congregation, composed of members of the College and 
the people of the district. Great pains had been taken with the 
decorations and music. After Service the Master presided at a 
Supper in the Parish Room, when nearly fifty Johnians sat down 
with the churchwardens and sidesmen. Excellent speeches 
were made by Canon Body, Mr Allen Whitworth, Mr G. C. 
Allen, and the Senior Missioner, and the general feeling was 
one of gratification and hopefulness. The next morning there 
was a largely-attended celebration of Holy Communion, when 
Dr Watson gave the address. Some twenty Johnians had stayed 
in Walworth for the night. 

The October Meeting for this year was hearty and encour- 
aging. For speakers we relied, as is usual at this meeting, on our 
own resources, Mr Phillips and Mr Peter Green taking the chief 
burden, or pleasure, of the evening ; the latter naturally dwelling 
on the help he hoped to receive from his present friends and 
from the new ones he looked forward to making in College 
during the next few years. We may announce at once that at 
next Term's meeting we hope once more to hear our staunch 
friend R. P. Roseveare (First Captain L.M.B.C. 1888), who has 
been invited by the College to preach in Chapel on Sezagesima 

At the General Meeting of Subscribers on November 26th, it 
was decided that all members of Committee who have served 
for two years should continue to be members, whilst in residence, 
and that the Junior Treasurer should be continued on Com- 
mittee after the termination of his ofiice, as the Junior Secretary 
has been for some years. We shall therefore have as ex-officio 
members in 1895 A. F. Ealand B.A., W. Leigh Phillips B.A., 
A. J. Tait B.A., A. P. McNeile, W. H. Bonsey. and A. J. Walker. 
At this meeting F. Lydall was elected Junior Treasurer for 1895, 
and R. Y. Bonsey, Junior Secretary. It is pleasant to find that 
our two "Trials" men are prepared to help us in these most 
important offices. A poll for the six places on Committee 
resulted in the election of H. M. Schroder, V. M. Smith, and 
A. H. Thompson (third year) ; and W. A. Gardner, C. P. 
Keeling, and C. D. Robinson (second year). There are other 
places to be filled up early next Term, for which first year men 
will be eligible. 

Dr Watson kindly allows a box for the receipt of old clothes 
to stand in his rooms, ready en permanence. This will be 
supplementary to the regular collections. 

Some London friends of the Mission, under the lead of the 
Hon Mrs Whately, a relative of Mrs Cobb, are arranging for a 
Sale of Work at Mrs Whately*s house on February 21st, on 
behalf of our Funds (notably the Third Missioner's Stipend, 
the Deaconess Fund, and the beginning of a Fund for an 
additional room). It is hoped that members of the College will 

4i6 Our Chronicle. 

move the ladies of their families to send up work (to Mrs Cobb 
in Cambridge, or to Mrs Phillips in London) for sale, before 
February 7th, if possible. 

We have also to express the urgency of the need for the £10 
to complete the /"iSo, to wipe out the debt on our existing 
Buildings. As stated in our last notes, Mr T. Browne gave / 50, 
and an anonymous gift of £10 will be made, if the remaining 
£^0 is in hand by Christmas. Of this, not quite £\i is 
promised so far, and the Treasurer grows anxious. 

ToTNBEE Hall. 

A. H. Thompson has been appointed College Secretary for 
Toynbee Hall. 


• The asterisk denotes past or present Members of the College^ 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Midsummer 1894. 


•Greenhill (A. G.). A Treatise on Hydro- 
statics. 8vo. Lond. 1894. 3.31.28 

Thomson (Sir Wm.). Popular Lectures and 
Addresses. Vol. II. Geology and 
general Physics. 8vo. Lond. 1894. 


Behrens (H.). A Manual of Microchemical 
Analysis. With an Introductory Chapter 
by Prof. J. W. Judd. 8vo. Lond. 1894. 




•Bushell (Rev W. D.). The Harrow of the 
Gumenings. A Chapter of Offa, King of 
Mercia, translated into English. Harrow 
in Domesday. (Harrow Octocentenary 
Tracts IIL and IV.). 8vo. Camb, 1894.- 

Boltzman (Dr Ludwig). Vorlesungen uber^ 
Maxwells Theorie der £lektricitat und 
des Lichtes. 2 Thle. 8vo. Leipzig, 


•Wordsworth's complete Guide to the Lakes. 
3rd Edition. 8vo. Kendal, 1846. 10.33.32. 

A Description of the Scenery of the 

District of the Lakes. 8vo. Winder- 
mere. N.D. 10.33.33 

Boccaccio (Giovanni). La Geneologia degli 
Dei de Gentili. Tradotta per M. Gioseppe 
Betussi da Bassano. 4to. Venetia, 1569. 
Dd. 9.38 

II Decameron. 1527, 4to. Reprinted 

by T. Edlin, I-ond. 1725. Dd.9.39 

The Decameron. Translated by John 

Payne. 2 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1893. AB. 

24.S .. 

Scarron (Paul). The Comical Romance and 
other Tales. Done into Eaglish by Tom 
Brown, &c. With an Introduction by 
J. J. Jusserand. 2 vols. 8vo. Lond. 
1892. 4-7-7i»72 

Wright (T.). Royston Winter Recreations in 
the DajTs of Queen Anne. Translated into 
Spenserian Stanza by the Kev W. W. 
Harvey, B.D. 8vo. Lond. 1873. 4'37«55' 

VOL. xvm. 

Dr D. MtcAlister. 

Mr Pcndlebuiy. 



The Library. 

Kingston (Alfred). Royston Heath, its History,\ 
&c. 8vo. Royston, 1888 

— Old and New Industries on the Cam. 8vo. 
Royston, 1889 

Collet (A.). Na\igation Astronomique. 4to. 

Paris, 1891. 3,39.20 

Graser (B.), De Vetenim Re Navali. 4to. 

Berolini, 1864. 3.39.21 

Chess. Der Siebente Kongress des Deutschen 

Schachbundes. Dresden, 1893. 8vo. 

Leipzijj, 1894. 10.13.74* 

— Der Schachwettkampf zwischen Dr S. 
Tarrasch und M. Tschigorin, cnde 1893. 
8vo. Beriin, 1893. 10. I3.74» 

Dufresne (Jean). Kleines Lcbrbuch des 
Schachspiels. 5te, Aoflage. i2mo Leipzig, 
[1887]. 10.16.50 

Bauer (J. A.). Schach-Lexikon. 2te. Ausgabe. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1893. 10 13.74* 

Lange (Dr Afax). Paul: Morphy sein Leben 
und Scbalfen. 3te. Auflage. 8vo. Leip- 
zig, 1894. 10.13.75 

Bird (H. £.). Chess Masterpieces. 8vo. 
Lond. N.D. 10.13.72.,, 

Chess History and Reminiscences. 8vo. 

Lond, N.D. 10.13.73 

Walker (George). Chess Studies: comprising 
one Thousand Games. New Edition, 
with Introduction by £. Frceborough. 
8vo. Lond. 1893. 10.13.39 ., 

Wamsdorf (H. C. von). Des Rosselsprunges 
einfachste und allgemeinste I^ung. 410. 
Schmalkald, 1833, 10. 13.68 

Boner (Charies). Chamois Hunting in the 
Mountains of Btivaiia and in the T\toI. 
New Edition. 8vo. Lond. i860. 10.32.15. 

Howell (G). The Conflicts of Capital and 
Labour historically and economically 
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1890. 1.37.33 

Mackay (Thos.). A Plea for Liberty. 2nd 
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relating to Bacon. 8vo. Lond, 1879. 

Klein (Felix). Lectures on Mathematics 
delivered from Aug. a8 to Sept. 9, 1893, 
at Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. 
Reported by Alex. Ziwet. New York 
and Lond. 1894, 3.30.17 

Pollard (Josephine). Plays and Games for 
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Gomme (Alice B,). Children's Singing Grames. 

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ob. 4to. Lond. 1894. 4.7.73 

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Aristophanes. Wasps. By C. E. Graves.* 
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Licinianus (G. Granius). Annalium quae 
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Anthologia Graeca Epigrammatum Palatina cum Planudea. Edidit H. 

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Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sidney Lee. Vol. XXXVHL 

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•Milford (John). Norway and her Laplanders in 1841. 8vo. Lond. 184^. 

Mythographi Graed. Vol. I. Apollodori Bibliotheca. Edidit R. Wagner. 

Teuhner Text, 8to. Lipsiae, 1894. 
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Donations and Additions to the Library during 
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Ferguson (R. S.). A Histoiy of WestmorlandA 
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1894. 10.30.79 \^ T>*„,»U>.„r« 

MaUet (Pierre). Lc Jeu des Damea. Avec^*^' *^^°^^«^"»7- 
toutes les maximes et regies... i2mo\ 

Paris, 1668. ^ 19.37. 

Mr. Ward. 

Mr. Heitland. 

Forty th (A. R.). Theoiy of Functions of a j 
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3-41 ^ 

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Catalogue of the Mesozoic Plants in the 

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Edinburgh Review (The). Nos. 353-35S, 358- 

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Dr Sandys. 


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^Morton (Thomas). A Sermon preached. 

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1639. 8vo. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 1639. 


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Harris (Wm.). An historical and critical Ac- 
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Pinkerton (John). Literary Correspondence. 
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Atterbury (FrandsJ^. Memoirs and Corres- 
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Blomfield (Chas. Jas.). A Memoir of, with 
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Bourne (H. R. Fox). A Memoir of Sir Philip 
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♦Pearson (J.B.). New Light on the Old Page : 
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Roxburgh Club. A Royal Historie of the ex- 
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Prior (Sir Jas.). Life of Edmond Malone. 
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vatleb«n..vollstandig beschrieben von 

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Lond. 1894. 5.17.158. 
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i. Abteil. 8vo. Leipzig, 1894. 
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Freeman (E. A.). The History of Sicily. Vol. IV. Edited by A. J. Evans. 

8vo. Oxford, 1894. i«5-4i- 
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New Edition. 8vo. Oxford, 1894. 5.26.78. 
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Stuttgart, 1894. 
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Bushe-Fox, L. H. K., 

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Crooke, Rev. C. H. 
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Lent Term 


(A paper read at a meeting of the Critics) » 

BN spite of constant protests, the practice of 
classifying poets and setting them down in 
order of merit seems to be an universal 
failing. Some have their lists of the five, ten, 
or twenty best poets; the rival claims of favourite 
authors are hotly pressed ; and there are few who have 
not some kind of graduated mental tariff of great names. 
In such classifications Hood usually occupies a peculiar 
position. There seems to be some hesitation in 
assigning him a place, and this not infrequently ends 
in his being labelled a kind of poetical nondescript. 

Beyond the universal admiration bestowed on his 
three poems "The Song of the Shirt," "The dream of 
Eugene Aram," and "The Bridge of Sighs," Hood 
suffers from an almost paradoxical injustice. To one 
he is the poet of " The plea of the Midsummer Fairies," 
to another of "Faithless Nelly Gray." But oddly 
enough these two fields of achievement, instead of 
earning him a two-fold meed of fame, are allowed to 
mutually detract from one another. On the one hand 
the opinion of Hood's contemporaries that he was 
essentially a comic poet dies very hard; and many 
even of those who appreciate his really fine poetic 


43^ The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

qualities have not quite shaken off the idea that his 
serious work was the well meant though somewhat 
abortive attempt of one who had temporarily mistaken 
his vocation. On the other hand, those who see in 
Hood powers and beauties of the rarest kind, are 
inclined to bear a grudge against his comic poems for 
robbing them of more of what they consider his finer 
work. In this conflict of opinion Hood's reputation as 
a poet suffers considerably; and it is to be regretted 
that there are comparatively few who sympathise with 
those lines of Landor which Hood's admirers are never 
tired of quoting : 

"Jealous I own it I was once, 
That wickedness I here renounce, 
I tried at wit, that would not do. 
At tenderness, that failed me too; 
Before me on each path there stood 
The witty and the tender Hood." 

The details even of a poet's life are apt to be tedious ; 
but in an age that has given birth to the interview, no 
apology is needed for touching on the main features of 
Hood's life. This is especially the case since the 
character of Hood's writings was so largely determined 
by exterior circumstances — that his life to some extent 
supplies the answer to the question as to why his work 
took the shape it did. He was born in 1798 and died 
in 1845. Of these forty-seven years only the latter half 
were spent in literary work. In only four years out of 
that half was Hood in comfortable circumstances; 
while throughout his whole life he was the victim of 
hereditary consumption, and his work was broken in 
upon by frequent serious illnesses. He was the son of 
a London bookseller, and his intimate acquaintance 
with middle class London life was used to good purpose 
in his comic poems. He was in turn a merchant's 
clerk and an engraver. The latter employment doubt- 
less led him to cultivate that talent for humorous 
drawing and caricature, which enabled him to illustrate 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 433 

his comic poems with such broad farce. Bad health 
compelled him to abandon his profession, and he then 
turned to literature. From first to last he was writing 
for a living, and it was journalism and especially comic 
journalism that brought him in the best income. He was 
successively sub-editor of " The London Magazine,' ' editor 
of "ITie Gem," " Hood's Annual," " The New Monthly 
Magazine," and " Hood's Own." Besides this he wrote 
three prose works — " Tylney Hall," a novel, " Up the 
Rhine," apparently a kind of " Innocents Abroad," and 
"National Tales." All have found even enthusiastic 
admirers, but they are no longer read. Pecuniary 
necessity gave him neither time nor encouragement to 
devote himself much to serious poetry. Such serious 
poems as he published were on the whole little read, 
and brought in small profits. His comic poems on the 
other hand quickly caught the public favour, and his 
popularity soon became immense. Thus he was able 
to keep up the struggle for respectability to the end of 
his short life, delighting an enthusiastic and laughing 
public with his comicalities, while troubles were wearing 
out his heart in secret — a pathetic parallel to Hans 
Anderson's Punchinello. 

But if poverty, ill-health, and some lack of appre- 
ciation constitute the darker side of Hood's life, they are 
after all but the foil against which the other side shews 
more brightly. There are few things more charming 
than Hood's domestic life, his literary friendships, and 
above all his own cheery, patient, loveable nature. In 
spite of all his difiiculties his home life was one of the 
happiest. His wife, Jane Reynolds, was in every way 
worthy of him ; their correspondence reveals the true 
and beautiful character of their affection: — "I never 
was anything, dearest, till I knew you, and I have been 
a better, happier, and more prosperous man ever since. 
Lay by that truth in lavender, sweetest, and remind me 
when I fail. I am writing fondly and warmly, but not 
without good cause. First your own affectionate letter^ 

434 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

lately received — next the remembrance of our dear 
children, pledges, what darling ones of our old familiar 
love — then a delicious impulse to pour out the over- 
flowings of my heart into yours ; and last, not least, the 
knowledge that your dear eyes will read what my hand 
is now writing. Perhaps there is an afterthought that, 
whatever may befall me, the wife of my bosom will have 
this acknowledgement of her tenderness, worth, ex- 
cellence, all that is wifely or womanly from my pen." 
Hood was not afraid of sentiment, and the depth of his 
feeling and his acute sense of the ridiculous prevents it 
from ever degenerating into sentimentality. His letters 
are oddly interspersed with pathetic jokes at his own 
ill-health. " Can my spitting blood have ceased because 
I have none left? What a subject for a German 
romance, The Bloodless Man." His love for his 
children was equally warm. Some of his letters to his 
little daughter are models of playful sympathy and good 
advice. How thoroughly his children returned his love 
is witnessed by the memoirs they compiled after his 
death. Hood's letters to his friends are full of pleasantry 
and frank good fellowship ; he was on very intimate 
terms with Charles Lamb, and in their letters we find 
them keeping up a friendly rivalry of wit. On the 
death of Hood's child. Lamb wrote for Mrs Hood the 
beautiful " Lines on an infant dying as soon as it was 
bom." And it was to Lamb that Hood owed his intro- 
duction to that brilliant literary circle of which Coleridge 
and Hazlitt were the chief lights. Hood's life is a 
record of misfortune met with a smile : a smile not of 
bitterness but of kindly humour and tender humanity. 
The man and the poems are inseparable, for it is this 
spirit which gives the poems their greatest charm. 

Though " comic " and " serious " is the most obvious 
division of Hood's poetry, it is far from satisfactory. 
To begin with it does not carry us very far. One can 
hardly place the " Ode to Rae Wilson Esq." in the same 
category as " John Trot," or class " Lycus the Centaur " 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 435 

with "The Bridge of Sighs." It is easy to suggest 
subdivisions. Thus one may arrange his serious poems 
under some such headings as "lyrical," "Spenserian ro- 
mantic," and "homely tragic;" or divide his comic ones 
into "punning ballads," "humorous-domestic," "bur- 
lesques," and so on ; but one feels that even this is far from 
exhaustive, and an apparently endless vista of sub- 
divisions presents itself. Again there is another diiiiculty . 
Though Hood's work is so varied, it is impossible not 
to see the essential unity underlying the whole. One 
can trace the same hand everywhere ; the same quaint 
fancy, the same daring turns of expression, the same 
profusion of imagery, the same human sympathy. How 
are we to class such a poem as " Miss Kilmansegg " ? 
In the midst of the wildest profusion of jokes and puns 
and satirical narrative, we are suddenly brought up 
sharp with a verse such as this — 

"Who hath not felt that breath in the air, 
A perfume and freshness strange and rare, 
A warmth in the light, and a bliss everjrwhere 
When young hearts yearn together? 
All sweets below, and all sunny above. 
Oh, there's nothing in life like making love, 
Save making hay in fine weather." 

or again — 

" And when she quenched the taper's light, 
How little she thought as the smoke took flight. 
That her day was done, and merged in a night 
Of dreams and duration uncertain. 

Or along with her own 

That a Hand of Bone 
Was closing mortality's curtain." 

In " The Fall '* again occurs this passage — 

" Who does not know that dreadful gulf where Niagara falls. 
Where eagle unto eagle screams, to vulture, vulture calls, 
Where down beneath. Despair and Death in liquid darkness 

And upward on the foam there shines a rainbow without hope. 

436 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

While hung with clouds of Fear and Doubt the unreturning 

Suddenly gives an awful plunge, like life into the grave." 

The piece ends — 

*' It's Edgar Huntley in his cap and night-gown I declare, 
He's been a-walking in his sleep and pitched all down the 

In the same way his comic methods are constantly 
employed in his serious poems. Perhaps the best 
known instance occurs in the " Ode to Melancholy : " 

" Even the bright extremes of joy, 
Bring on conclusions of disgust : 

Like the sweet blossoms of May^ 
Whose fragrance ends in must*' 

Even in that exquisite lyric, " The Death-Bed," one 
catches a glimpse of his trick of antithesis which he has 
employed with such good effect elsewhere : 

"Our very hopes belied our fears. 

Our fears, our hopes belied, 
We thought her dying when she slept. 

And sleeping when she died." 

Thus, while adhering roughly to the divisions "comic" 
and " serious," it is necessary to keep in view several 
important mental reservations. Hood's comic poetry, 
it has been already observed, was written in the first 
place to obtain a prosaic but none the less indispensable 
income. Much must consequently have been written 
hurriedly and under depressing circumstances. Again 
he wrote for an age that delighted in grotesque grimaces 
— that loved Grimaldi, and could endure the harle- 
quinade. Yet in spite of all one can hardly wish they 
had not been written. The sly humour, the queer con- 
ceits, the quaintly-drawn characters and the laughing 
philosophy display in full light that humorous side of 
Hood's character that leavens his whole life and work. 
Even his worst pieces are redeemed by a brilliant flash 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 437 

here and there, and at his lowest he is a word-juggler 
of no mean order. 

The comic ballads are perhaps the most widely 
known of Hood's writings, though they are by no means 
the best. Still, in "Faithless Sally Brown" and 
** Faithless Nelly Gray," he may be said to have created 
a couple of classics. These two poems at once suggest 
Hood's use of the pun. In his hands the pun, which 
most have come to regard as the direst weapon of bore- 
dom's arsenal, becomes a veritable joy for ever. His 
best puns are no mere jingle of sounds : he himself says 
" a double meaning shews double sense," and most of 
his puns will read either way. Some of them are 
absolutely sublime, and it is with a mingled feeling of 
astonishment and delight that the full glory of one of 
Hood's puns is borne in upon one in all its symmetry. 
MrAinger quotes from the "Lines to a lady on her 
departure for India" 

"Go where the maiden on a marriage plan goes. 
Consigned for wedlock to Calcutta's quaj, 
Where woman goes for mart the same as mangoes. 

And think of me." 

His comment on this is " * the same as man goes ' ; how 
utter the surprise and yet how inevitable the simile 
appears. It is just as if the writer had not foreseen it, 
as if it had been a mere accident. . . .This is the special 
note of Hood's best puns. They fall into their places 
so obviously, like the lines of a consummate lyrist, that 
it would have seemed pedantic to go out of the way to 
avoid them." Hood made almost every conceivable 
kind of pun ; now it is a play on words and now on 
phrases. Thus — 

" All you that are too fond of wine 
Or any other stuff, 
Take warning by the dismal fate 
Of one Lieutenant Luff. 

438 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

A sober man he might have been. 

Except in one regard, 

He did not like soft water. 

So he took to drinking hard. 

Said he, ' let others fancy slops— 
And talk in praise of tea, 
But I am no Bohemian 
So do not like Bohea.' 

If wine's a poison, so is tea. 
Though in another shape; 
What matter whether one is killed 
By canister or grape." 

Or again in the description of the effect of an explosion 
on a dinner party — 

"While Mr Davy at the lower end. 
Preparing for a goose the carver's labour. 
Darted his two-pronged weapon in his neighbour. 
As if for once he meant to help a friend." 

Doubtless Hood ran the pun to death; but it is not 
every punster who can boast of having won from such 
a critic as Coleridge the epithet " transcendental." 

But puns however excellent are not the only good 
points in Hood's ballads. In "Mary's Ghost" and the 
" Supper Superstition " he displays considerable humour, 
though of a somewhat gruesome kind. In "Epping 
Hunt," the most pretentious of all, the humorous 
character sketches are far more admirable than the 
puns. The comic description of the sporting linen- 
drapers and the misfortunes of the venturesome Huggins 
are worthy of the pencil of Randolph Caldecott. Lamb 
once spoke of " Hood, that half Hogarth." The missing* 
half was doubtless that fierce bitterness of satire of 
which no signs are to be found in Hood. His power 
of character-sketch and caricature is none the less 
admirable because it is unobtrusive. It is nowhere seen 
to more advantage than in "The Irish Schoolmaster." 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood, 439 

The character was doubtless suggested by his old 
dominie, of whom he says elsewhere "he loved teaching 
for teaching's sake ; it was impossible not to take an 
interest in learning what he seemed so interested in 
teaching." Opening with the almost Shakesperian 
lines — 

"Alack! 'tis melancholj theme to think, 
How learning doth in rugged states abide." 

— he gives us a charming picture of the old dominie 
first teaching the " children taken in to bate," how '* to 
murder the dead tongues," and then in the evening 
" changing his ferula for rural hoe." The closing lines 
are almost libellous — 

"Would there were many more such wights as he. 

To sway each capital academie 

Of Cam and Isis ; for alack ! at each 

There dwells I wot some dronish dominie, 

That does no garden work nor yet doth teach, 

But wears a flow'ry head and talks in flow'ry speech." 

But the whole is full of kindly banter, and is more 
typical of Hood's true humour than the comic ballads. 
Of that true humour we have fortunately numerous 
examples— both generally in all his work, and specially 
in a class of poems for which it is hard to find a name. 
In these poems an atmosphere of early Victorian 
suburban domesticity is made to serve as a background 
for a half playful, half regretful, philosophy which is 
wholly charming. At one moment he is in a world of 
street cries, rate collectors, area steps, and Mary Ann j 
the next he is moralizing on the littleness of men from 
the cross of St Paul's, or in a balloon with Mr Graham, 
the aeronaut. 

"Ah! me, how distance touches all. 
It makes the true look rather small. 
But murders poor pretence." 

440 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

Or again in " a retrospective view " — 

*'A hoop was an eternal round 

Of pleasure. In those days I found 

A top a joyous thing. 

£ut now those past delights I drop. 

My head, alasf is all my top, 

And careful thoughts the string. 

The Arabian Nights rehearsed in bed, 

The Fairy Tales in school-time read 

By stealth twixt verb and noun. 

The angel form that always walked 

In all my dreams^ and looked and talked 

Exactly like Miss Brown." 

"When that I was a tiny boy. 
My days and nights were full of joy. 
My mates were blithe and kind. 
What wonder that I sometimes sigh,. 
And dash a tear-drop from my eye 
To cast a look behind." 

Of the same character are his " Odes and Addresses 
to Great People," which won such warm approval from 
Coleridge. Here, in a jumble of puns and good-natured 
chaff, he quizzes the big men of his time ; he tells Mr. 
Malthus that he is entirely of his opinion, with regard 
to the population question — 

"Why should we let precautions so absorb usy 
Or trouble shipping with a quarantine \ 
When, if I understand the thing you mean, 
Wc ought to import the Cholera morbus." 

And in the same way he has his joke with Mrs Fry 
for her " Newgatory teaching." Mr Macadam, the road 
reformer, he hails as the " Roadian," come to mend 
the evil ways "our great Macparent" first did make. 
The "Great Unknown," for whose "Waverley," 
"Guy Mannering," and "Antiquary" he professes the 
greatest liking, he apostrophises as — 

"Thou disembodied author — not yet dead, 
The whole world's literary Absentee." 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 441 

The "Ode to Rae Wilson Esq." stands by itself. 
Even the best and kindest men are apt to wax bitter 
when dealing with their religious convictions. Hood is 
no exception to the rule, and he does not spare his 
satire for those bigots, " who rant and cant and pray," 
those "pseudo-privy-councillors of God," who " mistake 
piety for magpiety" and "think they're pious when 
they're only bilious." "Of all the prides," he says, 
" since Lucifer's attaint," 

"The proudest swells a self-elected saint. 
A man may cry Church, Church, at every word 
With no more piety than other people. 
A daw's not reckoned a religious bird. 
Because it keeps a-cawing from a steeple." 

For his own part, he says 

"All creeds I view with toleration thorough, 
And have a horror of regarding heaven as anybody's rotten 

Other classes of Hood's poems are *' hoaxes" and 
"burlesques." Of the former, " The Demon Ship," " The 
Fall," " The Mermaid of Margate," and the " Storm at 
Hastings " are the best. " The Fall," already quoted, 
illustrates his method. His favourite scene for such 
hoaxes appears to be the sea. Several of his descrip- 
tions of storms at sea are remarkable for fine vigour and 

"Ah! me it was a dreary mount. 

Its base as black as night; 

Its top of pale and livid green. 

Its crest of awful white, 

Like Neptune in a leprosy, 

And so it reared upright. 

With quaking sails the little boat. 

Climbed up the foaming heap; 

With quaking sails it paused awhile. 

At balance on the steep. 

Then rushing down the nether slope. 

Plunged with a dizzy sweep." 

44^ The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

His burlesques are too numerous and too varied to 
attempt to classify. They include plans for writing 
blank verse in rhyme, and making the beginning of 
lines rhyme instead of the end ; all clever enough, but 
not work for a poet. " Bianca's Dream " is the longest 
burlesque. It is a serious story with a moral told, as is 
Hood's way, as if it were a joke. A few verses from a 
burlesque pastoral may be quoted as shewing to what 
base, though amusing, uses Hood's muse was often 
put : 

Huggins " Of all the girls about our place. 

There's one beats all in form and face ; 
Search all through Great and Little Bumpstead 
You'll only find one Peggy Plumstead. 

Duggins To groves and streams I tell my flame, 
I make the cliffs repeat her name ; 
When Tm inspired by gills and noggins. 
The rocks re-echo Sally Hoggins. 

Huggtns Love goes with Peggy where she goes. 
Beneath her smile the garden grows ; 
Potatoes spring and cabbage starts, 
'Tatoes have eyes and cabbage hearts. 

Duggins Where Sally goes it's always spring, 
Her presence brightens everything; 
The sun smiles bright, but where her grin is. 
It makes bras.s farthings look like guineas." 

"The Last Man," "Jack Hall," and "Miss Kil- 
xnansegg and her precious leg" form a class by 
themselves. They are grotesque and gruesome night- 
mares told with a reckless gaiety and abandonment, 
now rising to the loftiest heights of powerful and 
impressive writing, now descending to the veriest 
doggerel. "Miss Kilmansegg," especially, is a truly 
remarkable poem, and, in spite of its unconventionality, 
rises even to a greatness. In this haunting tragedy 
of gold, we are hurried at break-neck speed through all 
the events of Miss Kilmansegg's life, with scarcely time 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood, 443 

to notice the admirably drawn characters, the out- 
rageous puns, the magnificent satire; here and there 
we pause at a startling verse, only to hurry on again 
till, with the full horror of gold upon us, we reach her 

"Gold! Gold! Gold! Gold I 

Bright and yellow, hard and cold, 

Molten, graven, hammered and rolled. 

Heavy to get and light to hold. 

Hoarded, bartered, bought and sold. 

Stolen, borrowed, squandered, doled. 

Spurned by the young, but hugged by the old. 

To the very verge of the Churchyard mould. 

Price of many a crime untold. 

Gold ! Gold ! Gold I Gold ! 

Good or bad a thousand-fold. 

How widely its agencies vary. 

To save — to ruin — to curse — ^to bless, 

As even its minted coins express. 

Now stamped with the image of good Queen Bess, 

And now of a bloody Mary." 

It is impossible to do justice to "Miss Kilmansegg" 
in a small space : it bristles with passages clamorous 
for quotation, and on the whole it should be ranked 

Many of Hood's serious poems, and especially the 
earlier ones, are clearly marked by the influence of 
Spenser and Keats. It is hard to understand how they 
could have failed to be popular, for in point of style, at 
least, he has produced much worthy of each master. 
In "The two Swans" he has quite caught the Spen- 
serian spirit of old romantic fairy tale, with its rich 
colouring and marvellous imagery. "Lycus the Cen- 
taur" is much in the same style, but is a finer poem. 
The shuddering fascination of the enchantments of Circe, 
the unutterable woe of her victims, and the luxurious 
horror of the surroundings, are admirably expressed 
throughout the poem. 

444 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

•' There were woes of all shapes, wretched forms when I came. 

That hung down their heads with a human-like shame ; 

The elephant hid in the boughs, and the bear 

Shed over his eyes the dark veil of his hair ; 

And the womanly soul turning sick with disgust. 

Tried to vomit herself from her serpentine crust, 

While all groaned their groans into one at their lot. 

As I bought them the image of what they were not. 

Then rose a wild sound of the human voice choking. 

Through vile brutal organs, low tremulous croaking. 

Cries swallowed abruptly, deep animal tones 

Attuned to strange passion and full-uttered groans." 

Or again, where he is wooed by the water nymph : 

"In the very noon-blaze I could fancy a thing 
Of beauty, but faint as the cloud-mirrors fling 
On the gaze of the shepherd that watches the sky, 
Half seen and half dreamed in the soul of his eye. 
And when in my musings I gazed on the stream. 
In motionless trances of thought there would seem 
A face like that face, looking upward through mine, 
With eyes full of love and the dim drown6d shine. 
Of limbs and fair garments like clouds in that blue 
Serene: there I stood for long hours but to view 
Those fond earnest eyes that were ever uplifted 
Towards me and winked as the water weed drifted 
Between : but the fish knew that presence and plied 
Their long curvy tails and swift darted aside." 

The whole poem is remarkable for soft-flowing rhythm, 
languorous grace and felicity of expression. It was, 
doubtless, owing to the influence of Keats that this and 
other of Hood's poems read in places so much like the 
poetry of the modern aesthetic school of poets. Such 
phrases as "love-idle," "dirge sad-swelling," "gold- 
broidered," " pale passioned hands that seem to pray," 
and the like, frequently occur. 

" Hero and Leander " in spite of some fine touches 
is hardly so successful as Hood's other poems. It 
reads dully and disjointedly. He almost neglects 
Hero's grief for that of the mermaid, who unwittingly 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 445 

drowns Leander. There are more superfluous verses 
than usual, and several fine ones are spoiled by the use 
of unmusical words and strained phrases. In fact, we 
find in it illustrations of all Hood's faults emphasized. 

In his "Plea of the Midsummer Fairies" Hood is 
quite at his best again. It cannot have been entirely 
a friend's partiality that prompted Lamb, when writing 
on fairies himself, to refer his readers to Hood, saying 
modestly, "the words of Mercury are harsh after the 
songs of Apollo." Nothing could be more daintily 
graceful than Hood's pathetic picture of those . 

•* Frail feeble sprites, the children of a dream. 
Leased on the sufferance of fickle men " 

*' Peri and Pixy and quaint Puck the antic, 

And stealthy Mab, Queen of old realms romantic " 

as they stand with rueful faces cowering before old 
Time, the destroyer. The delicate fancy, the keen, 
boyish delight in that Fairyland, which is to him so 
real a place, is one of Hood's most pleasing charac- 
teristics. The reference to the " stalker of stray deer, 
stealthy and bold.,., that dares Time's irresistible 
affront," must be made an excuse for a short digression 
on the question of Shakespeare's influence on Hood- 
Hood was an ardent student of the dramatist, and in 
this poem — and indeed in many others — he has quite 
caught the Shakespearian spirit. This is less to be 
wondered at in one who himself possessed humorous, 
lyrical, and tragic powers of no mean kind. This 
influence is especially noticeable in a certain bold 
directness of expression, and he has written many lines 
with a true Shakespearian ring. 

"The Haunted House" has been considered by 
many, Hood's finest poem. Edgar Allen Poe speaks 
of it as " one of the truest poems ever written ; one of 
the truest, one of the most unexceptional, one of the most 
thoroughly artistic, both in its theme and its execution. 

446 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

It is, moreover, powerfully ideal and imaginative." In 
this poem Hood has made use of his favourite method 
of laying touch upon touch to the picture, gradually 
piling up a cumulative effect. But here the method is 
far more in keeping and far more successful than else- 
wha-e. All in the broad glare of daylight, the reckless 
profusion of the untended garden ; the rank weeds and 
vermin in the deserted courtyard; the ruined magni- 
ficence of the staircase ; the gorgeous, decaying tapestry 
and the awful room, which even the spiders shun, where 
" the Bloody Hand shone strangely out in vehemence 
of colour," are depicted with marvellous skill. And 
all the while the horror of the place keeps growing, till 
one almost dreads the ever-recurring refrain — 

"O'er all there hung a shadow and a fear, 
A sense of mystery the spirit daunted, 
And said as plain as whisper to the ear. 
The place is Haunted/* 

The Elm-tree is a poem on similar lines, but it is not 
nearly so successful. It has had admirers ; but it is far 
too long drawn out, and has many weak verses. 

Amongst Hood's other poems are several fine odes, 
a collection of sonnets, and numerous short lyrics. The 
odes to " Melancholy," to " Hope," and to " Autumn," 
reach a high degree of excellence with their slow 
musical rhythm and melancholy cadences. Of his 
sonnets those on " Silence " and " Fancy " are best. Of 
the former Mr William Sharp says "the sonnet on 
Silence is not only exceedingly beautiful, but ranks 
among the twelve finest sonnets in the language." 
Evidence of Hood's lyrical gift is to be found on almost 
every page of his poems. Many of his short lyrics are 
extremely beautiful. Among many may be mentioned 
" Fair Ines " for its " inexpressible charm " of graceful 
imagery and hidden heart-ache; "I remember, I re- 
member " for its spontaneous expression of simple senti- 
ment, " The Forsaken " for the intensity of its suppressed 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 447 

passion, "the Exile" and "song for Music" for perfect 
lyrical flow. 

Hood's three poems, " The Dream of Eugene Aram," 
"The Song of the Shirt," and "The Bridge of Sighs," 
are so well known that criticism is almost as superfluous 
as it is venturesome. It is, however, interesting to note 
that they by no means stand apart from the rest of his 
poems, but rather illustrate his general characteristics 
with greater emphasis. " Eugene Aram " is a striking 
example of that tragic power which Hood has used in 
so many of his poems, both comic and serious, with 
equally telling effect. Nowhere, however, is the tragic 
force so well sustained. The simplicity and directness 
of the narrative, its intensity and vivid contrasts are 
admirably adapted to the subject of the poem. But 
even here Hood fails to escape his besetting sin of 
heaping up stage effects, so to speak ; thus the lines — 

" Of lonely folk cut off unseen, 
And hid in sudden graves ; 
Of horrid stabs in groves forlorn. 
And murders done in caves," 

are very crude after the telling simplicity of 

"And down he sat beside the lad, 
And talked with him of Cain." 

The blood-avenging sprite, too, smacks somewhat of 
the "Ancient Mariner." One of the most striking 
features of the poem is his fine use of the last two lines 
of each verse ; they are like a despairing groan. The 
last verse especially is sublime in its calm inexorability. 

"The Song of the Shirt" is Hood's most famous 
poem. But it is to the man rather than the poet that it 
does honour. As a stirring appeal it is unequalled ; as 
a poem it just fails to reach the level of his highest 
efforts. Like most of the appeals of literature, its per- 
fection is marred by the faint jingle of the collection 
box. But it seems almost sacrilegious to criticise so 
vivid and piteous a picture of misery ; so generous and 


44 8 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

tender an outpouring of human sympathy, and so 
effective an agent of good. In this poem and in the 
"Lay of the Labourer" and the "Assistant Draper's 
Petition," one feels strongly, as one feels in so many of 
his poems, whether professed appeals or not, with how 
much truth Hood has been called * the poet of the heart/ 

In the " Bridge of Sighs," Hood, in many respects, 
reaches his highest point. One feels that it is hopeless 
to attempt to do it justice. To call it a sermon is to 
libel it, yet it is hard otherwise to describe the profound 
impression it leaves. It is impossible to know which 
to admire most, the fine reckless handling of the subject, 
the wild intensity of despair, the vivid dark colouring 
of the back ground, or the deep unobtrusive human 
feeling. Such lines as " all that is left of her now is 
pure womanly " are hard to match. Poe, in his " Essay 
on the poetic principle," writes : " The vigour of this 
poem is no less remarkable than its pathos. The versi- 
fication, although carrying the fanciful to the very verge 
of the fantastic, is nevertheless admirably adapted to 
the wild insanity which is the thesis of the poem." 

Now-a-days, after passing in review a poet's life and 
work, it has become fashionable to raise in some form 
or another the question, "What was his purpose?" or, 
" What does he teach ? " This is undoubtedly a highly 
interesting question, but there is a class of mind of the 
ultra-utilitarian type which is inclined to assign it an 
undue importance. "It is not by philosophy," it has 
been said, " but by imagination and form that a poet 
lives." Still, without necessarily charging a poet with 
deliberate propagandism, it is both possible and pro- 
fitable to endeavour to trace that, more or less, 
unconscious "criticism of life" that will shew itself 
when ink is once put to paper. Though it is not 
difficult thus to read between the lines in Hood's case^ 
he has been subjected to some misrepresentation. It is 
usual to dilate on his unhappy life and point out how, 
even in his comic poems, he constantly turns to themes 

The Poetry of Thomas Hood, 449 

of suffering ; and there the matter is often left. It is, of 
course, quite true that Hood looked on life as a sad and 
serious thing; in his circumstances it could hardly 
have been otherwise: "There's not a string attuned 
to mirth," he writes, " but has its chord of melancholy." 
But his constant advice, both explicit and implied, is to 
make the best of it. There is a bright side to every- 
thing, if we only take the trouble to look for it — 

*'Beshrew those sad interpreters of nature. 

Who gloze her lively universal law; 

As if she had not formed our cheerful feature 

To be so tickled with the slightest straw! 

So let them vex their mumping mouths, and draw 

The corners downwards like a watery moon. 

And deal in gusty sighs and rainy flaw. 

We will not woo foul weather all too soon. 

Or nurse November on the lap of June, 

For ours are winging sprites, like any bird. 

That shun all stagnant settlements of grief, 

This is our small philosophy in brief.'* 

In Hood we find no Titanic effort to reconcile the 
irreconcilable; to bring individual happiness into 
harmony with human progress. He is no baffled cynic 
like Byron, no "ineffectual angel" like Shelley, no 
passionate idealist like Keats, no contemplative recluse 
like Wordsworth ; he faces the facts of life and seeks for 
happiness in a man's self, in his good humour, and his 
charity. With Sir Walter Scott he is content "to 
consider everything as moonshine compared with the 
education of the heart." Altogether Hood is such a 
good fellow, and wrote so much that is charming, that 
one feels almost inclined to risk the charge of neglecting 
his faults. After all it is by his best works that a poet 
is to be judged, and " praise, praise, praise," we have 
it on authority, is the critic's function. Hood's most 
obvious fault has already been alluded to several times. 
It is the habit of piling up effects and accessories more 
than the passage can well bear. Besides this, he wrote 

450 The Poetry of Thomas Hood. 

a considerable quantity of rather poor stuff. The cir- 
cumstances of his life will account for much of this, but 
not all. Even in those poems on which he must have 
spent the most care, we find frequent lapses ; and it is 
hard to imagine, if Hood really tested his poems by 
writing them out in printed characters, how many of the 
verses passed muster. But this fault was the penalty of 
that very absence of restraint and boldness of ex- 
pression which enabled him to reach such heights in 
other passages. At any rate he sins in good company ; 
and a later age, whose poetry suffers from a tendency to 
over-nice preciseness or over-studied ruggedness, may 
well allow bold, unaffected freedom of touch to cover a 
multitude of sins. 

After a sketch, which has been in the main anal3rtical, 
it may seem presumptuous to put forward a claim for a 
consideration of Hood's work, as a whole. But, though 
each characteristic of Hood's genius predominates in 
turn, it never does so to the exclusion of the rest. The 
man is essentially the same, whatever the point of view. 
Surely then it cannot be wrong to raise from the 
doubtful company of minor poets one who, to a deep, 
poetic imagination, a fine lyrical gift, and unusual 
powers of expression, added a delicate fancy, a delight^ 
ful humour, and a broad-minded humanity. 

C, R. M. 


O THOU to whom this life may seem 
A weary load scarce worth the pain; 
And all thine aspirations vain. 

And all thy happiness a dream: 

In thine own heart are heaven and hell, 
And in thy hand is sorrow's balm; 
For memory lulls to happy calm, 

The tempest of a life lived well. 

And sorrow bom of ought but sin 

Is never sorrow to the end: 

But owns, ere long, the name of friend, 
And dwells, a pensive guest, within. 

Tho' sin, rebelling in thy blood 
Impure from wells of what hath been, 
From mastery of the soul be seen 

To stem awhile the tide of good. 

And pluck the flower from thy path 
And dim the sunshine in thy sky. 
And God forbidding thou should'st die, 

Oft make thee half content with death : 

Yet those are but thy darker moods. 
And sweet is nature tho' in tears; 
And summers gild the growing years. 

And sunbeams melt the winter woods. 

C. E. B.' 


The whispering river wanders down 

In sorrow to the sea, 
And thro' the wailing of the town 

It sadly sings to me. 

O where is now the happy glen 
Of my pure childhood's years, 

Before I found the haunts of men, 
And mingled with their tears? 

A dimpling brook I once did flow 

With silvery pebbles paved, 
And mirrored in my pools below 

The glancing willows waved. 

And so my merry morn of life 

I lightly laughed away; 
And little recked of storm and strife 

As children at their play. 

But now my face is sad and worn 

With human sin and stain: 
For ocean's lips I sigh forlorn 

To kiss away my pain. 

The stream of life so wanders down 

In sorrow to the sea. 
And thro* the wailing of the town 

So sadly sings to me. 

C. E. B. 

f With every apology to the shade of Sir Richard Burton.) 

|AVING occasion not long ago to visit my gyp- 
room to procure a pot of Keiller wherewith to 
do honour to an unexpected friend, I noticed 
on the table my accustomed allowance of 
butter. It was, as usual, wrapped in a sheet of paper 
which showed marks of writing on the outer surface, 
but my attention was at once arrested by the peculiar 
characters of which the writing was composed. At first 
I thought it was shorthand, but the system was certainly 
not Pitman's, and a closer inspection soon convinced 
me that what I had mistaken for shorthand was really 
some strange character — though precisely what, my 
acquaintance with strange characters did not enable me 
to say. That I had seen something like it in a glass 
case in the University Library I was certain, and for a 
moment the wild thought flashed into my mind that the 
Librarian had pawned the Codex Bezae^ but this I dis- 
missed at once as an insult to my own intelligence and 
a reflexion both on the personal character of the Librarian 
and on the extent of his knowledge of the fluctuations of 
the waste-paper market. 

After some hesitation I determined to carry my dis- 
covery direct to the depository of all human learning- 
Professor M*y*r himself, and having carefully removed 
some outlying portions of butter which still adhered to 
the membrane, I bore it tenderly towards the Second 

454 -^ Missing Manuscript. 

Professor M*y*r received me with his usual cordiality, 
and after a brief inspection of my treasure, congratulated 
me on the accidental acquisition of a missing MS of 
priceless value. " This," he remarked, " is one of the lost 
sheets of the Alf Laylah wa Laylah^ better known to 
Europeans as the Thousand and one Nights. Orientalists 
have long suspected that the number looi was purely 
arbitrary, and that other * Nights' might in time be dis- 
covered, to raise that improbable total to a round 
number, such as 1050— or, still more probably — iioo. 
You, my young friend, by singular good fortune, com- 
bined with a keenness of observation which is all your 
own, have taken the first step towards verifying this 
most necessary and reasonable, but hitherto unverified, 

I thanked the Professor warmly for his kindness. 
He once more felicitated me on my discovery, quoting 
such passages from ancient authors as seemed appro- 
priate to the occasion, and I withdrew. 

But my MS would not allow me to rest. I need not 
follow in detail the tenor of my meditations. Suffice it 
to say that it changed the whole course of my studies. 
I abandoned the seductive literature connected with the 
honoured name of Paley; I threw up the study of 
Trigonometry (which in Mr Hamblin Smith's fasci- 
nating treatise had hitherto been my chief delight) : in 
a word, I flung aside all my former occupations, and 
devoted myself entirely to the study of so much Arabic 
as should enable me to decipher the buttery, but still 
legible document, of which I had by so singular an 
accident become the fortunate possessor. 

The result of my studies I now offer to the public 
Avoiding the hideous hag-like nakedness of Torrens 
and the bald literalism of Lane, I have carefully 
Englished my original in all its outlandishness, yet 
tiot by straining verbum reddere verbo^ but by writing 
as an Arab would have written in English, for on this 
point I quite agree with Saint Jerome : " Vel verbum e 

A Missing ManuscripL 455 

verhoy vel sensum e sensUy vel ex utroque commtxtuMy et 
medie temperatum genus iranslationis*' I should add, 
however, that when I came to examine my MS. I found 
it in many places incomplete. These lacunae I have 
filled up out of my own head, after the most approved 
fashion of modern editors. 

The scholar who reads my translation in a lowly 
spirit, and who does not attempt to compare it with the 
original (which he will find it difiicult to do, as I only 
allow it to be borrowed under a bond of ;^50 to return 
both it and my reputation uninjured), will know as 
much about the subject as I do myself. 

The Editor. 

iSofo iolben ft ioas t^e tj^ousanti anti t&frtB-seconti ntg6t 

Shahrazad continued. It hath reached me, O auspicious 
King, that Al-Backsheesh stood and marvelled within 
himself at the talisman that the Ifrit had given him. 
For it was a signet-ring wherein was set a bezel-stone 
of price, and thereon was graven the seal of the lord 
Solomon, David's son (on whom be peace !). The sem- 
blance of it was right wondrous and marvellous, and 
when Al-Backsheesh set it upon his finger, lo ! he was 
invisible to all the sons of Adam. 

And as he stood and pondered over the fortune that 
had befallen him, and bethought him of his pursuers, 
and the death he would die when they should find him, 
it seemed as it were a cloud that veiled the sun, and 
looking steadfastly he saw it to be none other than an 
enormous bird, gigantic of girth and inordinately wide 
of wing, that flew swiftly through the air. Whereupon 
Al-Backsheesh remembered a story he had heard afore- 
time of pilgrims and travellers, how in certain waste 
places of the earth dwelled a huge bird called the 
VOL, xvm 000 

456 A Missing Manuscript. 

Rukh^ which feedeth its young upon elephants, and 
straightway he was certified that this was none other 
than the bird itself. And as he looked and wondered at 
the marvellous works of Allah, the bird alighted, but 
Al-Backsheesh it saw not because of the signet-ring 
which he bore upon his finger. And when he saw this 
he arose, and unwinding his turban from his head 
twisted it into a rope with which he girt his middle 
and bound himself fast unto the leg of the Rukh, for he 
said, " It is better to take what Allah sendeth than to 
perish here in the wilderness." And eftsoons the Rukh 
rose, and spreading its wings with a great cry flew up 
into the air dragging Al-Backsheesh with it, nor ceased 
it to soar and to tower until it reached the limit of the 
firmament whence could be heard the Angels of the 
Seventh Heaven quiring the praises of Allah Almighty; 
after which it descended, and alighted in the midst of a 
plain. And Al-Backsheesh made speed to unbind his 
turban, which no sooner had he done than the Rukh 
again soared high in air, even as a black cloud that 
grew smaller toward the eastern verge, and at length 
vanished away. 

Then Al-Backsheesh gave thanks, and looking 
around him beheld on the horizon the spires and 
towers of a vast city. And before him flowed a river, 
clear as pearls and diaphanous gems. And it was hight 
the Pool of Al-Barnwell. And as he marvelled at the 
clearness of its waters, behold a noise, and lo, a 
shouting which drew nearer and more near along the 
river bank. And Al-Backsheesh sought to hide him- 
self, but he remembered the talisman which the Ifrit 
had given him, and taking heart, waited to see what 
would come to pass. 

Now beside the river ran a well-paved road whereon 
an elephant in snow-shoes might go and make no holes, 
and upon this road sounded the hoofs of a galloping 
horse. And as the sound drew nearer, Al-Backsheesh 
beheld a sight whereat surprise gat hold upon his 

A Missing Manuscript 457 

vitals, and casting ashes on his head, he repeated these 
couplets : 

" I am distraught, though signet-ring from eye of man may keep, 
For round me gather hosts of ills from which I cannot flee: 
Patient Til be till Patience self with me impatient wax, 
Patient as sun-parcht wight that spans the desert's sandy sea." 

For with a great sound as of the splashing of oars a 
boat drew nigh upon the stream, while a horseman 
galloped beside it upon a sorry jade, such as a thief 
might be borne upon to the bastinado or the wheel. And 
both the rowers and the horseman were robed in vesture 
of scarlet, and the rowers were eight sons of Adam, who 
smote the water in order and drave it high in air. And 
lo, the horseman used evil language unto the men that 
toiled at the oars, and cursed them by his gods, saying 
that they were miscreants who knew not the path of 
right doing, who if they smote the water with tea- 
spoons should make better speed. He likewise made 
offer unto them to push behind, with other words most 
grievous to hear and endure. Then Al-Backsheesh 
looked that they should arise and slay him, but with 
one consent they answered him not a word. And in the 
boat with*them also there came one of tender years who 
likewise did evilly entreat them, yet they cast him not 
forth but did rather pay heed unto his words. Then 
the world was straitened upon Al-Backsheesh, and he 
had neither peace nor patience, for " In sooth," said he, 
" I am come unto the City o? Cowards." 

Then Al-Backsheesh fared on towards the city, 
seeking ^the Sultan thereof that he might claim his 
protection, and perchance stay awhile in the house of 
his hospitality and seek thence meat and drink and 
raiment. And he came on into the streets of the city, 
thinking to find the King's palace where he might tell 
his evil case. And lo, it was a city of palaces rich and 
rare, with doors of carven oak wood and windows 

458 A Missing Manuscript 

coloured with divers hues and rich saloons right well 
beseen. And he saw (himself unseen) where many 
gfuests feasted on divers bakemeats, and strange birds 
with four legs and no breast,* and fruits preserved in a 
lye of wood-ashes after the manner of the ancients-f 
And they drank drinks both gr^en and brown, burying 
their faces in tankards of red gold set round with gems 
of price. But nowhere could Al-Backsheesh see aught 
of the King. 

Then fared he forth yet further unto a vast Hall, 
with a gallery upon three sides of it. And there were 
gathered together at the bottom of the Hall a multitude 
of the sons of the accursed, who know not Mohammed 
the Prophet of Allah. And the gallery was as it were 
a harem. And in the midmost of the wall where the 
gallery came not stood three thrones of red carnelian, 
the middle throne standing higher than the rest. And 
thereon sat one, as it were a prince, who reigned and 
ruled and gave audience, with his Wazirs on either side. 
And of the Wazirs twain, one was a world in himself, 
round and flattened at the poll.J Then Al-Backsheesh 
thought to come forward to declare his case. But as he 
waited for an audience with the Sultan, lo, one rose up 
in the Hall and abused his neighbour, sawing the air 
with his hand. And thereafter rose up others and cast 
back the evil words they had received, and there was a 
Babel of bitter tongues. Then Al-Backsheesh looked 
that the Sultan should deliver the blasphemers to the 
Sworder that he should do them die ; but behold there 
was no Sworder, and after a space the Sultan himself 
came down from his throne (while another sat thereon), 

* It is reported that at Oriental banquets the fowls and turkeys served to 
the Sultan and his Wazirs have four wings and no legs, while those served to 
the multitude have four legs and no breast. Hence the use of a proverbial 
phrase by the story-teller. This report many travellers confirm. 

t Generally gooseberries, a favourite food in the East, where they are 
eaten at all seasons of the year. 

J lit. ** btaten at the poll." 

A Missing Manuscript. 459 

and blasphemed with a louder and more varied 
blasphemy than the rest. And after a little space, 
while the soul of Al-Backsheesh was yet straitened 
within his heart by reason of the blasphemy, a bell 
tinkled in the distance, and the sons of the accursed 
fought in the doorway, and the hall was as the Hall of 
Iblis. And after they were gone there came one of 
fierce aspect in the guise of a Chief Clerk, and the 
Sultan trembled before him, and was even as clay in 
his hands. Then said Al-Backsheesh, **This King is 
no King," and went on his way with great searchings 
of heart. 

Then fared he forth in sorrow till he came unto a 
Hall greater and more splendid than the last, with a 
gallery upon four sides of it, and a floor of black and 
white marble cunningly intermingled, whereon stood 
the statues of kings. And the floor of the Hall was full 
of venerable sages, and the galleries of youths who 
were clad in the Cloak of Comeliness and crowned with 
the Crown of Completion. And both on the floor and 
in the galleries, in the places best suited both for seeing 
and hearing, were unveiled damsels like moons, whose 
lips were like double carnelian, their mouths like the 
seal of Solomon, and their teeth ranged in a line that 
played with the reason of proser and rhymer. And in 
the midst, upon a throne of Indian teak wood plentifully 
adorned with French polish and purfled with red gold 
leaf, there sat a Prince in a vesture of scarlet, whose 
face shone as the sun, and his words distilled them- 
selves like melted butter over the souls of his hearers. 
Then Al-Backsheesh joyed with great joy and sus- 
tained dilatation of the bosom, saying within himself, 
*' Surely this is the Sultan, and to him I will make 
known mine evil plight." 

But as he yet spake, behold, the young men who 
were clad in the Cloak of Comeliness reviled the Sultan^ 
and those who were crowned with the Crown of Com- 
pletion did make sport concerning him. And Al-Back- 

46o A Missing Manuscript. 

sheesh looked for the Sworder, and saw only two 
Uncomely Ones who bore upon their shoulders Pokers 
of Power. Neither did the Sultan deal with those who 
evil entreated him and reviled him, but kept silence 
and consulted a Kalendar, since he had no Sworder, 
neither Leather of Blood, and the two Uncomely Ones 
knew not how to wield the Pokers of Power. 

Then was Al-Backsheesh covered with shame and 
confusion of face, and the world grew dark before his 
eyes. And he spake, saying, " I sought for a King", but 
I have come unto a city of women and fools, where 
Kings are not, but only the shadows of Kings. There- 
fore I will speedily get me hence to a land which 
prospereth under the rule of a Prince." 

So saying, he hasted to go. But in his haste, 
catching his foot in his robe, he stumbled and fell, and 
his signet-ring slipped from his finger. And straight- 
way the assembly was ware of Al-Backsheesh as he lay 
prone upon the marble floor, with his turban upon his 
head and slippers upon his feet. And there was a 
mighty tumult in that place. Then rose up one in a 
black robe, and behind him were two in dark blue 
raiment with buttons of brassy sheen. And their look 
was fierce and lowering. But with a great cry Al- 
Backsheesh arose and fled away, while the Accursed 
Ones pursued after him, as it were the hounds of the 
Jinn. And as he sped apace down the street of the 
city, with those that followed him close behind, he 
sought in his bosom for wherewithal to purchase his 
life. But he found naught save six dinars and eight 
dirhams of the coinage of Haroun-al-Raschid the Com- 
mander of the Faithful and Prince of True Believers. 
Then Al-Backsheesh, considering that they would be of 
no currency in a city of the infidels, smote upon his 
breast as he fled, and cried out with an exceeding bitter 
cry, so that the whole city heard the voice of his com- 
plaint. But they that followed him drew nearer as he 
ran — 

Ne Sutor Ultra Crepidam, 461 

And Shahrazad was surprised by the dawn of day 
and ceased saying her permitted say. 

Then quoth Dunyazad, " Oh, my sister, how pleasant 
is thy tale, and how tasteful; how sweet, and how 
grateful ! " She replied, " And what is this compared 
with that I could tell thee the nights to come, if I live, 
and the King spare me?" Then thought the King, 
•• By Allah, I will not slay her till I hear the rest of her 
tale, for truly 'tis wondrous." So they rested that night 
until the dawn. After this the King went forth to his 
Hall of Estate, and the Wazirs and the troops came in 
and the court was crowded, and the King gave orders 
and judged and appointed and deposed, bidding and 
forbidding during the rest of the day. Then the Divan 
broke up, and King Shahryar entered his palace. 

In obitum Flacci. 

OCCIDIT heu Flaccus ; lacrimas effundite, Musae ; 

Qua fuerit victus sorte poeta, rogas ? 
Ilia senex noster divina poemata vertit, 

Cui stilus in dextra more bipennis erat. 
Cur petis, infelix, hederas ? cur talia vertis 

Carmina? si certum est vertere, verte nemus. 

Ah! Horace, our poet, our singer, is dead, 
And the Muses full tearfully stand, 

Mr G. has translated him out of his head. 
With a pen like an axe in his hand. 

"O surely, good Sir, thou art fatuous grown," 

A former associate said, 
" 'Twere better to leave such word-chopping alone. 

And stick to wood-chopping instead." 

A. J. Chotzner. 


This is that happy paradise loved best 
Of all the particles. No tensive string 
Is here to check their mirth; no heavy ring" 

Constrains their freedom or disturbs their rest. 

Some clamber to the high cuspidal crest 
And slide, exultant, with alternate swing 
Down through the lowest valley; glorying 

To make that quickest journey. Some, in jest. 
Will race, contestful, to the winning post 

Where slow and fast, that started with some space 
Of handicap, must needs make equal boast 

Of victory. And others, worn and frail 

With life's hard buflfetings, think small disgrace 

To seek the level pleasures of the dale. 


Art yet not giddy, thou poor twirling sphere? 

Pleasure is this, or penance for some sin, 

That thou must rise and fall with normal spin 
Monotonously same? When thou art near 
The hopeless summit, trembles there a tear 

Of dark despairing agony within ? 

Or is there secret happiness to win 
A way around the dreadful dome? In fear 

Thou hadst thy dwelling once upon its crown; 
And slothful pride, that heralded thy fall. 

Gave the one little touch that brought thee down: 
So now, perchance, to thee thy very all 

Is that hid Sisyphus of thine own soul 

That helps thee, spinning, to the topmost Pole. 

G. T. B. 



IVi^A an account of the natural phenomena observed in 
various districts, 

|EN, or, perhaps one should say, poets, have 
been known to stand on the bridge at mid- 
night while the clocks were striking the hour, 
but there is no record of their having re- 
mained there for any appreciable time. If the number 
of hours which the bard stood on the (burning ?) bridge 
were taken to be in inverse ratio to his poetical 
capacity, the present writer would lay claim to be 
considered a worse poet than Longfellow. His place 
in literature would also be lowered by the consideration 
that he not only stood on the bridge, but sat down, 
drank a cup of coffee, ate something which purported 
to be cake, and heard the clocks strike several hours 
after midnight, with the intervening quarters. Nor 
was it withal a lovely night in June, but a dampish 
night in February 1895. 

I quite feel that statements like the above require, 
and anyone is justified in demanding, full and circum- 
stantial explanation. From this, however, I do not 
shrink, being more embarrassed by lack of adequate 
expression than any scarcity of fact or detail. 

Let me begin in the words of the learned and 
eminently useful Becker, with which the first scene 
of Gallus opens. 

**The third watch of the night was drawing to a 
VOL. xvni. ppp 

464 A Voyage Round London at Night. 

close, and the mighty city lay buried in the deepest 
silence, unbroken, save by the occasional tramp of the 
* Nocturnal Triumviri,' as they passed on their rounds — 
or perhaps by the footsteps of one lounging homewards 
from a late debauch." 

There is nothing new, you see, under the sun, save 
humour and woman. Now I was not * lounging home- 
wards from a late debauch,' but was out on a voyage 
of discovery and observation. I had conceived the 
idea, like Gallus, of seeing what the city looked like 
by night. A book, I believe, has lately been written 
on that subject, but as to whether it is written in prose, 
or whether in verse, or by whom it is written, or at 
how much it is sold, or if, having read it, one would be 
pleased, it is not for me, not knowing, as Herodotus 
might say, to offer an opinion among those who 
doubtless do. 

With the afore-mentioned end in view I passed along 
the empty mysterious streets, and ghostly footsteps 
rang on the wet pavement behind me, " a hollow echo 
of my own." 

Somewhere in the city I came upon a very cold and 
impecunious old lady leaning against a door in the 
shadow of a porch ; apparently quite hopeless and 
benumbed into indifference. I asked her if she had 
no one to go to, no one to look after her : " No, no," 
moaned the cracked old voice. I said I was in the 
same condition myself, and put a small contribution 
into her lean and ghastly palm protruded from beneath 
the ragged shawl ; then, with the croak of her dispro- 
portionate blessings still in my ears, I passed away 
into the nevermore with a vague regret that I was not 
a workhouse, or even a cab-driver. 

After continuing this healthy and meditative form 
of exercise for some hours, during which I seemed to 
traverse most of the principal thoroughfares of the 
town, and feeling tired and by no means fastidious, 
I chanced upon a coffee-stall on the further side of 

A Voyage Round London at Night. 465 

London Bridge. I was not aware at the time that I 
was in that locality, but suddenly saw the break in 
the buildings, and the regular lines of twinkling lights, 
and in between the stealthy river swirling quietly, with 
great floes of ice swimming upon it — for the frost had 
just • broken — and grating slowly under the dark 
echoing arches. 

I leant over the parapet with one knee on the stone 
seat, and felt sentimental: thought of Hood's Bridge 
of Sighs, and weighed the advantages and disadvantages 
of suicide, deciding finally to postpone it for the present. 
I thought of Wordsworth's sonnet : 

The river glideth at his own sweet will : 
Dear God! the very houses seem asleep, 
And all that mighty heart is lying still. 

It certainly was an impressive sight. I went up to the 
coffee-stall and had a cup, which possessed the super- 
lative merit of heat, if no other: I also obtained for 
one penny a slab of cake about the size of a small 

These delicacies having been consumed, and some 
light badinage, or ye(f>vpiafjk6^f exchanged with the 
keeper of the stall, I fared forward with the dim idea 
of testing the hospitality of the College Mission ; but 
not being perfectly confident of the address of that 
institution, or my own geographical position with regard 
to it, I eventually returned to " Lum Brigsh," as it has 
been termed, and asked the coffee man tentatively if 
there was anywhere where I could sit down. He 
replied in the affirmative, and before long I found 
myself reclining on a wooden box, with two other 
salutatores, or morning callers (parasites, apparently, 
of the coffee man, who was a comparative *toff' in their 
opinion), and a small but dirty boy. 

We sat round a bucket-fire and smoked : a sack- 
cloth curtain forming a kind of half-tent kept out the 
bitter East, or it may have been the bitter N