Skip to main content

Full text of "The Eagle"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 

^ ^vc p 6713.P,4C 




Widow cf Col. James Warren Sever 

(Oam of 1817) 


im ^' 

i/}y;./«« ^U^t 'CaruZif f/>\tv 

y? ^u/f^^. 










Edue R 5713.9.40 




Frontispiece — ^Samuel Butler 

Notes from the College Records (continued) 

The Elbow of Tynedale 

De Coronatione 



Napoleon at St Helena . 

The Shield of Achilles 

Father William 

Idem Latin6 Redditum 

A Visit to a Boer Camp in India . 

The Chapel Organ 

Obituary : 

Samuel BuUer B.A. 
Rev Andrew Halliday Douglas M. A. 
Edward John Chalmers Morton M.A. 
Jedediah Prendergast Merritt 
The Johnian Dinner, 1902 
Our Chronicle 
The Library 

List of Subscribers 1902-3 
PlaU^Tht Old Chapel 
Notes from the College Records {continued) 
A Fragment . 
Twopence Coloured 

To at Harvey Road 

The Truants 

The Path to Ditton 

An Mhuighdean Thr6igthe 

The Maiden Forsaken 

The Choice of a Profession . 







The Old Chapel 
Samuel Butler 
Obituary : 

Rev William Spicer Wood D.D. 

Rev Henry Scaddmg D.D. 

Rev Canon Thomas Adams M.A., D.C.L. 

Rev James John Christie M.A. 

Henry Joseph Gough 

Clarence Esm6 Stuart M.A. 
Our Chronicle 
The Library 
Plate-^^t John's Street 
Notes from the College Records {continuid) 
The Voiceless 
Die Stimmlosen 
The Truants 
Ritual and Religion 
Cacocthes Curandi 
The Funeral of Siner&ni 

The Tithe Bam at Murston 
Our Frontispiece 
The Commemoration Sermon 
Obituary : 

William Francis Kemp M.A. 

Rev Canon John Morley Lee M.A. 

Joseph Parry Mus.D. 

Rev George Smith M.A. 

Clarence £sm£ Stuart M.A. 
Our Chronicle 
The Library ... 












October Terniy 1902. 


(Continued from Vol. XXIII, /. 303,^ 

|N this instalment of Notes we continue the 
account of the contest between the College 
and the Corporation of Shrewsbury with 
regard to the right to appoint the Head- 
master. In the EagUy Vol. XXin, pp. 141-170, the 
early stages of the legal proceedings were chronicled 
up to the first success of the College in the Court of 
Exchequer on 16 May 1726. The letters here printed 
take up the story soon after that point and continue 
it down to the final success of the College in the House 
of Lords and the installation of the College nominee, 
Dr Robert Phillips. Some account of the writers of 
the letters will be found at pp. 141 -143 of the last- 
named article. It is not easy to gather from these 
letters any sufiicient reason for the stubborn opposition 
of the Corporation. The references to influential 
support in London and to party feeling at Shrewsbury 
may point to political prejudice. 


2 Notes from the College Records. 

The pleadings in the House of Lords were printed in 
The EagUy Vol. XX, pp. 487-502. 


October the 27th 1726. 

Since I wrote to you last Mr E}Tes your Attorney did 
informe that your antagonists report, that two of the Barrens 
being to be new, they intend to petition for a rehearing of their 
cause, for which reason I have ordered the decree to be enrolled, 
which in Chancery always prevents a rehearing and I hope will 
do so in this Court. Wee have had a great loss for [since] 
Mr Barron Price's removal! to the Court of Common Pleas he 
has been so busy and full of Company that I have not had 
hitherto any conversation with him. I must now hasten to gett 
the Bills of Costs taxed and in order thereto I pray send me 
Mr Phillipps' and Mr Brown's Bills of Costs. I have wrote to 
Mr. Phillipps this p>ost to send me his further Bill of Costs for 
serving the affidavit of the decree on the Corporation, which 
affidavit I have now received and shall move for an Attachment 
against the Defendants for not performing of the same of which 
you shall further hear from Sir 

your most humble servant 
Rod. Lloyd 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dr Lambert att St John's 
CoUedge in Cambridge, These. 

Reverendis admodum et clarissimis viris, Collegii Divi 
Johannis Cantabrigiensis Praesidi, Quaestori, et Decano ; 
necnon caeteris doctissimis Ornatissimisque ejusdem 
Collegii Sociis, Salutem et debitam Reverentiam. 

Nos fideles vestri in Christo fratres, per praesentes lubentis- 
sime testamur, Thomam Cooke, Artium Magistrum, olim e vestro 
Collegio, jam per plus quindecim annos in nostra vicinia com- 
moratum, nobisque familiariter notum, vitam suam pie, honeste 
et temperanter instituisse, et (quantum scimus aut audivimus) 
omnibus Ecclesiae Anglicanae, et fidei, et doctrinae, et 
sacrae disciplinae articulis ex animo assentiri. Ad haec eliam 

Notes from the College Records. 3 

testatum facimus, eundem Thomam Cooke per praedicti temporis 
spatium Ludimagistri munus apud nos sedulo» peritt, et bona 
cum fama administrasse. His causis inducti, vobis eum com- 
mendatum volumus, et favore vestro, et gratia vere dignum 
judicamus. Ad quae magis confirmanda, stgilla nostra una cum 
nominibus commendatitiis hisce Uteris, hoc primo die Octobris 
Anno Domini septingentesimo vigesimo sexto, apposuimus. 

GuLiELMUS Read, A.M., Vic. de Tenbury* 

GuLiELMUs Edwards, Vic. de Cleobury Mortimer. 

Edwardus Bouohton, Rect. de Hopton Wafers. 

Jer. Footman, Curate de Knighton Super Team. 

JoHBS. Bradley, Rector de Ribbesford cum capella 
de Bewdley annexa. 

Thomas Jones, Rect. de Neen Sailers et Milsoiu 

Frakciscus Astry, Vic. de Neen Savage^ 

Thomas Hailss, Vic. de Mamble. 

Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire 
October nth 1726 

Reverend Sir 

Having been informed that strenuous interest has been 
lately made to our College, in behalf of a gentleman educated 
in Oxford, for the Mastership of Shrewsbury Schools, I humbly 
beg leave to renew my application, and to offer myself still as 
candidate for the same. 

I am in hopes, notwithstanding such information, that it will 
be remembered to my advantage in this affair, where I was 
educated, and where I took my Degrees : and as I am conscious 
to myself of having done nothing, during the whole course of 
my conduct, since I left the University, to forfeit the goodwill, 
and favour of the College ; so I can't be prevailed upon by any 
reports to quit my hopes of succeeding in this humble petition, 
*till your choice be fully determined. 

It is but too common in competitions of this kind for the 
contending parties either by themselves, or their "abettors to 
misrepresent one another. I thank God, I have no inclination 
to such ungenerous practice ; though I am afraid, I have in this 
respect been hardly used, and particularly that attempts havei 

4 NoUs/rom the Collegi R£$ords, 

been made to cool the good inclinations of that worthy and 
honourable person, which he expressed towards me, in his letter 
of recommendation to you. If this be true, and such methods 
meet with success, I shall never envy my rival a preferment so 
obtained. I have therefore thought fit to send you enclosed 
a testimonial of my behaviour from the clergy in my neighbour- 
hood, and so with all submission I leave the issue of this affair 
to your known candour and impartiality. Give me leave, Sir, 
in the conclusion of this long letter, to return you my hearty 
thanks for the kind and handsome reception you gave me, when 
I waited upon you and the rest of the Seniors about this 
business: and to assure you that no member more sincerely 
wishes the prosperity and welfare of St. John's College than 

your most obedient humble servant 
Thomas Cookb 

Addrasid: To the Revd. Dr Lambert of St. John's College in 
Cambridge, by way of London. 

Saturday October 29th 1726 
Honoured Doctor 

I have been wishing Mr. Lloyd a good journey to you and on 
my coming home this evening I found a letter from you which 
I take as a great favour, for whether I have any interest or no 
in this matter I am a hearty well-wisher to it, and shall be 
always inquisitive after your success. Dr Phillips was with us 
and said he would write to you what he thought the opinion of 
the Corporation, but was more reserved to me in that matter 
than I have been to him. 

Our School bailiff is Michael Brickdale an Alderman of our 
town, the very person that contracted with Mr. Lloyd to resign 
the School in favour of Mr. Owen and one of the first in that 
interest. The Mayor's name is John Adams. I will endeavour 
to see both in a few days and you shall hear again. If I can be 
of any service to you or the College I desire you would make 
vse of me which would be a very great pleasure to Reverend Sir 

your very much obliged 

and humble Servant 

Leokard Hotchkiss 

Notes Jrofri the College Records. 5 

I was affraid you lost a friend in the Cheif Baron. I do not 
find that our Corporation ever applyed to Sergeant Pingelly, 
though their order was as they said. Last Wednesday Mr 
Phillips's Clarke came into school and told me it was to see 
Mr Owen there for he was to make aflSdavid that day of his 
continuing in possession 

Addressed: To the Revd. Dr Lambert. 

Reverend Sir 

Though I am so unhappy as to be an utter stranger to you, 
and the rest of the worthy members of your Society, yet I am 
not altogether unacquainted with the great trouble you have of 
late undergone, as well from the importunity of your friends, as 
from a vexatious lawsuit. I therefore deferred writing till I 
could give you some account of the affair now depending 
betwixt your College and this Corporation. 

Not long after the circuit ended, there was a meeting of the 
house (as they term it here) to consider whether it were 
adviseable to appeal or not, and they came to this resolution, 
that if Mr Wills and the other Councellour concerned in the 
cause should think there was just ground for it, that then they 
would proceed, otherwise they would drop it. As soon as 
Mr Wills was acquainted with this resolution, he consulted his 
Brother and they both agreed in their opinion, advised them to 
appeal, sent down a draught fit for their purpose which is 
actually engrossed, and they have since in the Juncto agreed to 
raise 20// to deposite with their appeal in the house of Lords ; 
so that I fear all hopes of peace at present are vain. But if 
you shall think it proper to make any overtures of that sort, and 
you are pleased to give me an authority to do it, I will use my 
best endeavours to promote it, but I think that deserves 
consideration. In a letter you wrote some time ago to Mr 
Hotchkis you intimated that the Seniority of your College 
designed to nominate me to the Head Schoolmaster's place, 
and likewise that they would send down the nomination and 
save me the trouble of a winter Journey, which is a double 
favour, and I am very glad of this opportunity by Mr Lloyd to 
return my thanks, and at the same time to assure you that every 
thing shall be done by me which is necessary to remove ah 

6 Notes from the College Records. 

objections, and if it please God to preserve my life and health 
till next summer I will at a convenient season personally wait 
upon you and make all due acknowledgements. In the mean- 
time if you will be so kind as to let me know your intentions 
you will highly oblige, Reverend Sir 

Shrewsbury your most humble servant 

October the iQth, 1726. Robt. Phillips. 

Mr Hotchkis sends his humble service to you and all his 

Addressed: For the Rev Dr Lambert at St John's College, 

With this letter has been preserved a rough draft of 
Dr Lambert's reply, which is as follows : 

November 15. 
Reverend Sir 

Having sent Mr Hotchkis account of the good disposition 
to serve you with regard to those that were in College, I stayed 
till I might acquaint you with the general inclination of the 
President and Senior Fellows. Last week was a full meeting, 
when I offered what I thought proper and desired to know 
their sentiments. It was agreed unanimously that I should 
acquaint you that Dr Phillips was the first in their thoughts. 

I hastened to this place and find the decree enrolled, so 
there can be no rehearing. A motion was made for a sequest- 
ration, unless cause can be shewn to the contrary, and so next 
Tuesday is the day appointed. I must take notice that 
Mr Wills was in Court and declared an appeal would be lodged, 
December 8th, which is impracticable, unless the House of 
Lords sitts. I perceive Sir, my long silence occasioned 
uneasiness, as if some indirect practises had been used in 
opposition to your interest. [The following words are erased : 
I doubt Mr Hotchkis was suspected, if so, that suspicion was 
very unjust, for he has always acted as honourably as yourself 
could desire]. But I waited to know from Mr Tench the 
disposition of the new Mayor, and the full approbation of the 
Seniors, till then I could say nothing to the purpose. 

I shall take directions here, how to proceed, and think my 
pains well bestowed, if we may be so happy as to fix a Master 

Notes from the College Records. 7 

every way qualified that will act honestly for the trae interest of 
the College and Corporation. 

I shall trouble you again before I leave this place and am 
Reverend Sir 

your very humble servant 

November the ist 1726 

I received yours with the bill of c©sts inclosed. I also sent 
to Mr Philipps for his additionall bill of costs for serving the 
decretall order vpon the Corporation etc., which must be some- 
what considerable, which when I have gott together with Mr 
Brown's I will take care to have the compleat bill of costs 
finished which will take more time than you can suppose. I 
have already drawn my own bill of costs to the Colledge. But 
you may imagine neither is it vsuall that in the generall bill of 
costs wee shall be allowed near the summe wee paid counsell or 
are out of pockett so that you may be sattisfyed by any attorney 
that wee are to expect the costs out of pockett, as for what the 
Colledge designe me for my extraordinary trouble after my bill 
is payd I shall acknowledge their favour. In the meantime 
I remayn 

your most faithfull servant 
Rod Lloyd. 

I believe the Parliament will not sitt till after Christmas so 
that I hope I shall compleate the bill of costs before that time 
in order therefore I have procured the Decree to be signed 
and inrolled and Mr Phillipps having neglected in his affidavit 
of service of the order to have incerted that the Mayor had not 
complyed therewith by givinge you notice of a removall of Owen 
or nameing a new head master which affidavit I expect dayly 
otherwise I cannot move the Court for a sequestration and an 
attachment against them, more of this another time. 

Mr Justice Price gives you and the rest of the Colledge his 
humble service and you will deale with your antagonist very 
well especially if wee have Serjeant Comyns, which they say wee 
shall have to be one of the Barrens of the Court. Pardon haste. 

Addrefsed: To the Reverend Dor Lambert att St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge- These. 

8 Notes from lh$ College Records. 

Reverend Sir 

I had an hour's talk with Mr Mayor since I wrote to 70U, 
who soon began with the School affair to the effect that the late 
Mayor had kept all very private and communicated but with 
two or three persons, that of late he had asked him some 
questions about it and found he went on with appealing, but not 
in the way the Corporation had directed, for he had neglected 
to consult Serjeant Pingelly as they had ordered and I think 
anyone else but Mr Wills, that they imputed your success purely 
to Baron Price's interest, which as far as I could find was their 
cheif argument for proceeding. That he did not think it a 
matter of so much moment (he meant of service to the Party) 
as others did, but hinted that he was under great obligations 
etc. He seemed to me more like to follow and act in the 
croud than to be a leader in this matter, and of the number of 
those, qui quod seniiunt eisi opiimum sit^ iamen invidiat metu non 
audent dicere. He said he would bring it before the Corporation 
at their next meeting which I shall long to have over, though I 
do not expect much good from it. He professed to have been 
my well-wisher, but I see no prospect of being the better for it. 
As for Brickdale I have not seen him, but make no question but 
he will pay the money if you have ordered any one to demand 
it, and that they have had enough of one lawsuit not to give 
occasion for another. You know our Audit is the i6th day of 
the month, against which time our salarys and I suppose the 
Exhibitions are paid, if you have no better way you may inclose 
a receipt for it to me, and I will take care to receive it and 
return it to Mr Church or as you order. The Exhibitions 
might be a handle for your writing to the Mayor, if you thought 
it adviseable, but I doubt it would not answer your wishes. I 
am glad to hear my friend Mr W. Clarke has a son. I desire 
my humble service to all friends and am with all respect. 
Honoured Doctor 

Salop your very obliged humble servant 

Nov. 2d. 1726 Leonard Hotcbkis. 

Mr Tench tells me this morning from a friend of the old 
Mayor's that they now talk of petitioning for a rehearing in the 
Exchequer which at least I believe is under their consideration. 
He is this morning making affidavid of Mr Owen's disobeying 

Notes from tht College Records. 9 

^e decree. What Mr Phillips's clarke had done before I 
suppose being thought insufficient. 

Addresud: The Revd. Dr Lambert at St John's College in 
Cambridge, by way of London. 

November the loth 1726 

This is to in forme you that last Tuesday wee moved the 
Court of Exchequer for a sequestration against the Corporation 
of Salop, which was granted unless cause is shewed to the 
contrary on Tuesday next come sennight, which is a weeke too 
long a time for them to shew cause, you must knew Mr Wills 
ivas att the same time in Court about other business and did 
declare that there will be an appeale lodged the first day of an 
adjournment which is the 8th of December. They intended to 
rehear the cause, but when they found the Decree to be already 
inroUed then they thought proper to apply to the Dttnitr Resort^ 
by way of an appeale tic. All that we can do in the meantime 
is to have the costs taxed and to execute the Writt of sequestra- 
tion which I hope wee shall do before the 8th of December. I 
doe not question but wee shall have justice done vs att the 
House of Lords though its somewhat chargeable to defend 
them. I hope I shall have the Attorney Generall besides some 
other eminent counscll as Mr Lutwyche of our side, of which 
when the appeale is lodged you shall further hear from 

your humble servant 
Rod. Lloyd. 

December 5th 1726 

I thought it proper to acquaint you that there are noe 
affidavitts as yet fyled by the town of Salop, nor soe much as 
the last order drawn vp, which shews plainly they design 
nothing but delay and to trick the Court. For which reason I 
was advised to move the Court in this matter the first motion 
in the morning, for afterwards they goe immediately vpon causes, 
for to make the order of the 8th of November absolute ; which 
tho' wee can not doe regularly because they would have had all 

lo Not4s from the Colleg€ Records, 

this weeke to doe it, only they have not according to the lasf 
order fyled their affidavits on Thursday last, or the said order to 
be made absolute, therefore wee move vpon the latter part that 
orders tic, I thought it adviseable to send you this notice to' 
save you am early journey this cold fflabby weather, who am Sir 

your most humble servant 
Rod Llotd 

The Court sitts to morrow at 9 of the clock att Sarjeants 
Inne Hall in ffleet Street. 

Addressed : To the Reverend Dor Lambert These. 

Reverend Sir 

I had acknowledged the favom- of yours much sooner had 
you sent me a direction, but whether you forgot it. or designedly 
omitted it, because of your intended journey to Cambridge, I 
know not neither does it signifie anything at present, provided 
you don't impute my silence to want of respect. 

Mr Philips lately communicated a letter of Mr Rod. Lloyd*s 
to me wherein he says you have gained a sequestration, that 
the College is inclined to Peace, and desired to know the 
Sentiments of the Corporation. In order to discover these I 
one evening tooke the liberty to tell the Mayor, Mr Elisha, his 
predecessor and some more of the leading members, that 
notwithstanding the advantages you had already gained, I might 
venture to say (though I had no authority from the College to 
do it) that your Society had even yet amicable dispositions and 
that it was much better put an end to an expensive dispute than 
prosecute it to the damage of Town and Countrey. The Mayor 
seemed to take what I said by the right handle and Mr Jenks, 
who has a very good interest in him, tooke upon him the 
management of the argument, which I purposely declined, and 
Mr Elisha warmly opposed him. When the debate grew hot I 
withdrew, but went next morning to Mr Jenks to know the 
conclusion, who told me that the Mayor resolved to call a house 
and to take the opinion of the whole, and as they should agree 
whether for or against an Appeal so he should act. Though 
Mr Elisha affirmed that night that the Appeal had been 
engrossed and signed by the Attorney Gencrall some lime ago. 
At soon at anything material happens you may expect an 

NoUs from thi College Records. x \ 

account from me. The generality of the body seem very well 
affected to me, and some of the Appellants if they do not 
succeed in their own way are very heartily in my interest. Mr 
Philips gives his humble service to you and had wrote himself, 
if he had not been excused by, Reverend Sir 

Shrewsbury your much obliged humble servant 

Dec. the i+th 1726 Robt Phillips. 

My humble service where due 

Addressed: For the Revd Dr Lambert at St John's College 
in Cambridge. By way of London. 

Salop, December i8th 1726 

By the post vpon Satterday last I received a letter from 
Mr R Lloyd which I communicated to Doctor Philips who 
therevpon had the opportunity of discoursinge some of the 
leaders of this Corporation without taking any notice he had 
seen the letter to me. And Doctor Philips did me the favour 
to shewe me the letter which he intended to send to you by the 
last post givinge an account of what the substance of their 
discourse was. 

I am of opinion some of their party are something vneasy 
about the decree and the costes they are to pay and they talke 
as if they were against an appeale. But I feara when they 
come togeather in a corporate assembly the majority will be for 
it. I thinke they will not have a corporate assembly till the 
sequestration comes downe. And I beleeve the best way may 
be to make but a moderate vse of it considering how matters 
stand at present. I shall be glad to receive your advice how to 
behave when I receive the sequestration. The greate question 
will be whether to deliver coppyes or not ; And if we doe, 
whether to a small number or to a majority of the body. Sir 

your most obedient and 
most humble servant 
Tho. Philips. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Doctor Lambert at Saint John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. By the way of London. 

12 Koies /r^m ih$ College Rtcords. 

January ixth 1726 

I am in the first place to wish you many happy new yeares^ 
The time drawing nigh for the Corporation to lodge their 
Appeale and not knowing when it is lodged what time wee 
shall have to prepare ourselves I have drawn the case as well as 
I could and have had Mr Bunbury to pervse it, and now it is 
fay re wrote over I must attend the Attorney with it to pervse 
and sign it and vnderstanding they have reteyned the Sollicitor 
Generall I have reteyned Mr Lutwyche who is the ablest advocate 
in England. When our Councell has pervsed the case and 
signed, then it shall be printed but not before you come to town» 
for you must see it before it is printed. I pray remember you 
bring along with you to London the old Booke of Letters, as to 
the other Great Bookes Mr Bunbury thinks there will be no 
occasion for them. I shall be gladd to hear from you by the 
aext post to know when you design to sett out for London, 
which it all in great hast from 

your most humble servant 

Rod. Llotd. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dor Lambert att St John's 
Colledgs in Cambridge, These. 

Reverend Sir 

I have now an opportunity of performing the promise I made 
you about the middle of December last, and can assure you that 
you must attend our Corporation into the House of Lords. For 
yesterday the Mayor consulted his brethren about the appeal, 
and it was carried in the affirmative by a great majority. The 
conduct of some men during the debates makes us guess they 
had received some directions from their Principals in London, 
or there could never have been so great an alteration in their 
opinions. It was asked by some of our friends, who should pay 
the costs if they did not succeed, and it was said by Mr Elisha 
etc. that it must be paid out of the School Revenue. 

I am sorry you are to undergo the fatigue of another journey, 
and the trouble of solliciiing this affair again, though I cannot 
in the least doubt but you will be rewarded with success, and then 
all things will be settled upon a sure foundation, and all occasions 

NoUs/rom tht College Records. 13 

for future disputes entirely removed. I heartily wish you a 
happy new-year, and am, Reverend Sir 

Shrewsbury your obliged and very humble servant 
January 14, 1726. Robt. Phillips. 

Addressed: For the Reverend Dr Lambert at St John's 
CoUedge in Cambridge. By way of London. 

Salop, January 14th 1726. 
Honoured Doctor 

Our Corporation never met till yesterday on the question of 
appealing and resolved upon it with little opposition. Mr Owen 
had been at London and told them Lord Bradford would espouse 
It in the House and that all their friends there were for it, which 
was enough to determine them. But I am of the same opinion 
as formerly that if the cost could have been levied upon them 
they would have submitted, but their hope is to put that on the 
School, and I am credibly informed the School Baily has paid 
all that has been already expended, but taken security to indem- 
nifie him if it should prove irregular. I do not doubt but you 
will have a better account of these matters, but I thought it my 
duty to acknowledge the favour of yours and my many obligations. 
I have not seen Dr Phillips lately. I have the same thoughts of 
him as to serving the publick as ever, which I very much wish 
to see, but as to his giving way to me, it was a compliment he 
never meant, and if it had not been voluntary I should never 
have expected, in short I am well pleased to out do him in 
generosity. When I saw him last he shewed me two of your 
letters, which let me see how very much I am obliged to you, 
but it was not till jou were about leaving London or you had 
heard from me there. I as much wish your success as any 
interest of my own in this world and am sorry I can only wish 
it. I am 

Dear Honoured Doctor 

your most obliged humble servant 

Lkonard Hotchkis. 

Pray send me the case when printed. Mr Owen saith the 
Doctor will never be the man if you succeed, but I cannot find 
any reason he has to say it. 

Addressed: To the Revd. Dr Lambert at St John's Coll. in 

14 Noiis/rom tht Collegs Recordu 

Salop, January 14, 1726. 

We had a Corporate assembly here yesterday whereat we 

founde a greatc alteration in the opinions of many, who without 

doores about a weeke agoe, were against appealinge, and when 

it came to be debated in good earnest voted for appealinge, and 

carryd it soe by a greate majority. This alteration was occasioned 

(as the friends to the College apprehend) by some letters sent 

by some greate persons from London very lately, whereby we 

lost some of the leading members of the other party, who in 

their owne private opinion thought it for the interest of the 

Community here that the appeale should be waived. I am sorry 

I can give you noe better an account of this affaire. But do 

hope very heartily that the College will meete with such further 

successe as may be suitable to the meritts of their cause, who 

am Sir 

your most humble servant 

Tho. Philips. 

January 17th 1726. 

You will find by the enclosed that the Corporation of Salop 
have resolved to appeale and accordingly have this day lodged 
their appeale, a coppy of which I have already bespoke in order 
to putt in your answere, which is a matter of course, we have 
14 days to doe it though I shall doe it sooner. When that is 
done, then they move for a day to set down the appeale to be 
heard, which must be a reasonable time afterward so that I can 
excuse your coming till the 28th instant, about which time I 
pray fayle not of being here for I feare great sollicitations and 
interest will be made against vs, though I hope the justice and 
goodness of your cause will prevayle against them. 

I am iust now going to waite of Mr Attorney Generall with 
the Respondents Case for to be pervsed by him before it is 
printed, to which he is to putt his hand, and after he has done 
with it I must waite upon Mr Lutwyche with a Briefe in the 
Cause and also procure his hand to the case, for the House of 
Lords expect to have two Counsell's hands to the Appellant and 
Respondent's Case. 

I must give Mr Attorney Generall 5 guineas to sign the case 
Qnly and I am affrayd Mr Lutwych will expect more because he 

Notes from ihi ColUg$ Records. 15 

is to be instructed in all his Breife (which you know is very long) 
and now wee have provided soe farr wee must not att this 
juncture starve your cause. I doe not mention this on account 
that I shall want any money till you come vpp to London 
yourself. I did not thinke proper to send you a coppy of the 
Case before it was pervsed by your Counsell and may be so vain 
as to say that I am pretty well instructed in your cause and 
that I have taken all the care imaginable in drawing of it, how* 
ever in case I should have omitted any materiall circumstance 
(which I hope I have not) wee can afterwards add it to the 
Counsell's Breife etc. I pray give my humble service to all the 
ffellows etc. of your Colledge and assure them that noe care or 
dilligence on my part shall be wanting to obteyn good success 
in their cause. I am Dear Sir 

your most humble servant 

Rod. Lloyd. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dor Lambert att St John's 
Colledge .in Cambridge. 

January 19th 1726. 
Dear Sir 

I doe not question but that you did receive my last wherein 
I gave you an account that the Corporation had lodged their 
appeale in the House of Lords, which is a coppy of the case and 
of the substance of the Bill, Answer and Decree ; a coppy of 
which I received just now which cost me 3/1'. I was also served 
with an order of course (which was to be served vpon the 
Colledge) of the House of Lords to give them notice to put in 
their Answere to the Appeale before the 4th of February, which 
I shall doe the next weeke, you must know tis but few lines 
ingrossed with Counsell hand to it and only matter of forme 
which I shall take care of, who am Sir 

your most humble servant 

Rod. Lloyd. 

Your case lyes before the Attorney Generall for his pervsall. 
I shall know when the Answere is put in what time their Lord- 
ships will appoint for the hearing of the appeale. I doubt not 
you will be about the 28th instant according to promise. I told 
the party I would save them the trouble and charge of serving 

1 6 Notes from the College Records. 

the Colledge with the coppy of the order and would put in their 
answer before the time allowed was expired. I pray forget not 
to bring along wiib you the old Booke of Letters etc. 

Addrtiud: To the Reverend Dor Lambert alt St John's. 
College in Cambridge. 

Reverend Doctor 

Mr Johnson the bearer*s father called on me this morning ancf 
desired I would give his most humble service to you and 
acquaint you he had lately talked with Brickdalc the School 
Bailiff about the Exhibitions, who told him he was ready now 
to pay them when demanded. He hopes his son is intitled to 
one. Dr Newcombe his Tutor having told him it should be no 
prejudice to him though there was no exception taken at Mr 
Owen*s being joyned in the nomination. His eyes are too bad 
to write himself which was the reason he sent for his son home 
at this unusuall time when he was kept close to his studys. I 
understand the Scholarships are to be paid by the Corporation 
and not by the School Bailiff, which I did not know when I wrote 
formerly on that subject, nor can I say any thing of them now. 

Mr Owen tells us the Appeal is entered ; if so I hope this 
Sessions will put an end to that tedious affair. I had a letter 
lately from Mr Clarke who has buried his son, he told me he 
hoped to be at the hearing of the Appeal if he could hear whea 
it would be. 

These Sermons of One that has been so lavish in his com- 
mendations of Mr O — n among you, and so skillfull in finding 
out invincible arguments that no man can stand out against, I 
fancied must be a curiosity that perhaps had not reached you. I 
desire my humble service to all friends and am. Dear Honoured 


your most affectionate well wishing 

Salop and obliged humble servant 

January 23, 2726 Leonard Hotchkis. 

Addressid: To the Revd. Dr Lambert. 

Reverend Sir 

I sincerely congratulate you upon your late success, 
tad am glad to find that party seems now to be laid aside, and 

Noles from the ColUge Records. 17 

interest is at last forced to give place to justice. Man/ a good 
cause has been lost by the ignorance of the managers but when 
'tis supported by prudence ami industry we may reasonably 
expect a prosperous issue. 

We have been extremely quiet here since the arrival of the 
news, and no one yet knows what measures the Corporation 
will take upon this disappointment; but I have, with some 
difficulty, discovered, the Mayor intends speedily to call his 
brethren together, and take their opinion, as soon as that is 
done, you may expect to hear from me again. 

If the Members of your College continue in the same mind 
they were in some time agoe, as I cannot in the least doubt but 
they do, I should take it as a particular favour, if you would at 
this juncture honnour me with your directions and let me know 
how I ought to act. I am Reverend Sir 

your very humble Servant 
Shrewsbury and affectionate brother 

March 8, 1726. Robt. Phillips. 

Addressed: For the Revtf..Dr Lambert at the Bishop's Head 
in St P^uFs Churchyard, London. If not there to be sent ta 

March 11,. 1726^ 
Dear Sir 

I hope this will find your safe arrival att Cambridge*. 
I have not heard of anything from Salop, only Mr Phillips gave^ 
me an account that all the honest part of the Corporation did 
very much rejoyce att our success and they acknowledge the 
Colledge great trouble and charge in defending their right etc. 
I did desire of Mr Phillipps to impart to you as occasion serves 
iKrhat will be the result of our success which I suppose he will ' 
doe. I am in hast, Sir 

your humble servaa^^ 
Rod. Lloyd. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dor Lambert, Burser of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge, these. 


On Satturday last I was sent for to attend Mr Mayor oit 
the present situation of affaires in respect tp the cause betwixt 

1 8 Notes from the College Records. 

the Colledge and this Corporation, and to resolve what is 
necessary to be done in obedience to the Decree. And he is 
determined to send notice of the vacancy to the Master of your 
Colledge by the next post, pursuant to the ordinances. I am 
desired to assist in settlinge the notice, and will take care it 
shall be conformable to the Ordinances. And I suppose when 
the costs are settled they will be payd without trouble. 

I heartily congratulate with you vpon the successe which the 
Colledge hath obteyned through your good conduct and care, 
and with respects, am Sir 

your most obedient 

Salop and most humble servant 

March 13, 1726 Tho : Philips. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Doctor Lambert at the Bishop's 
Head in Saint Paules Churchyard, London. 
If not there to be taken in and sent after him. 

March 15, 1726 

Dear Honoured Doctor 

I most heartily congratulate you on the success and 
happy conclusion of this long troublesome business and wish all 
your undertakings equally to prosper. Our Corporation are in 
a very fair way of falling out among themselves as might be 
expected. The Mayor, who is an honest well-meaning 
tradesman, knew nothing of the proceedings and designed to 
day to write and give the College an account of the vacancy in 
order to which he called a meeting of the body yesterday. But 
of the inveterate Parly so many agreed to stay away that there 
was not enough to act, so he thinks himself slited and the 
others he told me are all in a flame that he endeavoured to call 
them together before Elisha came home to give them instruc- 
tions, and so he defers writing and I believe is unresolved what 
to do. I suppose Mr Phillips may send a fuller account, but 
the post being just going, I not knowing his mind would not 
let it be neglected. 

Mr Tench tells me he will not leave us of above a year yet, 
except they force him, which I believe will raise a great clamor 
against him, but I will endeavour to have nothing to do in any 

Notes from the College Records, i g 

I desire you will be so kind as give me your opinion if it be 
not yet too late to appear for the Head place, if I could assure 
the College that the Mayor would admit me of which I make no 
question. I mean if I could remove diflScuItys here whether 
that would dispence with that scruple in the Ordinances. I 
will not move except the way is clear, but do all I can to 
cultivate a good correspondence with Dr P., for the publick 
good, I desire you would mention this to no one but if you 
will favour me with your advice it will add to the many obli- 
gations I have already received, who am with the greatest 
respect and gratitude. Reverend Doctor 

your most obliged and 

humble servant 
Leonard Hotchkis. 

Addresstd: To the Revd Dr Lambert at Mr Knaplock's a 
Bookseller at St Paul's Churchyard London. 

Salop, March 17th 1726 

On Tuesday last the Mayor did summons a Corporate 
assembly in order to take their directions (as he declared) to 
send notice to the Colledge of the vacancye. But a sufficient 
number of the body did not appeare to constitute a house. 
And he beinge then informed by me that there was noe occasion 
for the directions of the body, but he alone might doe it, 
declined it, and promist to summon another assembly this day. 
But I heare noe more of it, soe I suppose they have some further 
game to play, but what it is I knowe not ; but it is whispered 
amongst some of them, that the Mayor should have fresh notice 
of the vacancye which I take to be needelcss, because the 
Corporation is already vnder a sequestration for a contempt in 
not givinge notice to the College vpon the service of the 
decretal order in the Exchequer. 

I heare that the adverse party (who are very much mortified 
at the affirmation of the decree) solicited their fTriends to be 
absent on Tuesday last, to prevent there being then a sufficient 
number of the body to constitute an assembly. 

I have notifyed this, by this post, to Mr Roderick Lloyd, 
and have tolde him that my thoughts arc, that uothinge is to 

20 Notes from the College Records. 

be expected from civil treatment, and that I thinke we sbould 
proceede vpon the sequestration and to get the costes with all 
speed. With respect I am Sir 

your most obedient 
humble servant 
Tho. Philips. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Doctor Lambert at Cambridge^ 
by way of London. 

March the 21st 1726 
Dear Sir 

I thought proper to acquaint you that I lately received a 
letter from Mr Phillipps who tells me that the Mayor was 
resolved once to call a Generall Assembly about a letter to be 
sent to your Coll edge to elect a Master etc. But is putt off att 
present, for which reason Mr Phillipps desired me to send down 
a sequestration which I have done this post with directions 
what vse to make of it and also a certificate to the Barrons of 
the method and forme of the return of such Writt. I suppose 
this Writt will stir the Corporation to come to some conclusion 
in this affayre of which you will heare further from 

your humble servant 
Rod. Lloyd. 

Mr Justice Price wonders what the Corporation is doing to 
trifle thus with the Colledge. He gives his service to you and 
all his friends. 

Addre/sed: To the Revd. Dor Lambert, Burser of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. These. 

Salop March 22, 1726 

Mr Mayor sent me word on Satturday last that he had sent 
notice to your Colledge of the vacancy in our Schooles, whereof 
I had time enough to acquainte Mr R. Lloj'd by the same post 
in order to stop the sequestration. But I had not time enough 
left to acquainte you thereof, because our post would have beene 
gone before I could have wrote my letter. 

I don't hear that the* Corporation intends to oppose the 
Domination of Doctor Philips whome I saw last night, when 

Notes from the College Records. 2 1 

he desired me to give his humble service to you, and to 
acquainte you that he designs to get the Testimonial requisite, 
and send it to you as soon as possibly he can. But that our 
assizes being at hand may hinder him a post or two, and that 
he will resigne his livings, and deposit the resignation into the 
hands of any person whom the Colledge shall approve of, to be 
made vsc of at the Pleasure of the Colledge when matters are 
fully settled, whereof he says he intends to acquaint you in his 
next letter. I am with respect, Sir 

your most humble servant 
Tho. Philips. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Doctor Lambert at Saint John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. By way of London. 

Salop March xgth 1727 

At the last intended corporate assembly I acquainted the 
Mayor and Corporationers present of the Ordinance for layinge 
out the Stocke Remanent in the purchase of Scholarships etc. 
And that it was our duty to see what it was, and to give notice 
to the Colledge thereof least we should be guilty of another 
breache of trust. I thinke to mention it again in a little time, 
but doe thinke it will be imprudent to doe it till after the 
businesse of the schoole is settled, because the Mayor hath 
tolde me that he does beleeve the Colledge will meete with no 
objection in their nomination. For which reason I shall alsoe 
suspend makinge any demand vpon them till I see the event of 
this businesse. I, for my owne part, doe think that if the 
Costes had been tax*t before the appeale was lodged it would 
not in the least have altered the measures of the Corporation 
for the majority were for appealeinge without listening to 
reason. And it is my opinion, if the Colledge would have 
remitted the whole costs, the Corporation would not have 
waved the appeale. I will write ^ to Mr Lloyd to hasten the 
taxation of costs and am, Sir 

your most obedient 
humble servant 
Tho. Philips. 

2 2 Notes from the College Records. 

On second thoughts, for ought I knowe it may not be the 
best way to presse the Corporation in any respect till the 
matter is settled, since they now seeme very complyinge. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Doctor Lambert of Saint John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. By way of London. 

Salop, 3 April 1727. 
Reverend Doctor 

Having this good opportunity I could not refrain from con- 
gratulating you upon the good success which you have obtained 
over our worshipfull Corporation in the House of Peers. This 
(as also the wise decree of the Barons) being greatly owing to 
your prudent sollicitations and wisdom in setting the cause in a 
good light. The honour of the whole affair must be ascribed to 
you and very many Burgesses besides myself think themselves 
obliged to return you thanks for you strenuous defence of our 
Birthright. According to this rule, which I hope will now be 
unalterable (seeing Mr Clark is better preferred and you have 
no present member rightly qualified for the office of Schoolmaster 
here) I assure you the College cannot do a more wellcome favour 
to the generality of people here than by nominating the bearer 
hereof Dr Phillips for this office. As his good learning, ex- 
perience, candour and integrity render him very acceptable to 
all who know him ; so must it needs greatly advance the interest 
of our publick schools and in d<4e time reflect some benefit to 
the College itself for which no one can have a more sincere 
affection than myself, and to you in particular, who am. Dear 

your most obedient 
humble servant 

John Lloyd. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dr Lambert Fellow of St John's 
College in Cambridge. 

The ' Sir Taylor ' mentioned in the following letter 
of Hotchkis as a possible candidate for the office of 
Second Schoolmaster is John Taylor the famous scholar 

Notes from the College Records. 23 

and editor of Demosthenes. At this time he had just 
taken his B.A. degree. He afterwards became an 
Advocate in Doctors Commons, was Registrary and 
Librarian of the University, and taking Orders late in 
life became Rector of Lawford, Archdeacon of Bucking- 
ham and Canon of St Paul's. 

Dear Honoured Doctor 

When I wrote last what I thought was proper you should be 
acquainted with I chanc'd to observe that my first scheme in 
relation to myself might possibly have been effected, though I 
had no thoughts of attempting it without your concurrence. 
And indeed I was so determined to be advised by you in every 
thing relating to that matter, that I ventured to trouble you not 
only with my actions but even with my first thoughts and inten- 
tions. I know you are sensible with what zeal I wished Dr 
Phillips's success, I thought him best able to serve the publick, 
and proposed a deal of satisfaction in him as a friend, and there- 
fore it was a great concern to me to find him possessed with 
suspicions and jealouseys that I no way deserved and that I 
could not possibly remove. The occasion was taken from your 
delaying a nomination when he was incouraged to expect it after 
judgment in the Exchequer, and from some strains of compliment 
he had made me which I could not have expected but yet 
thought sincere. But now the occasion is removed the effect 
ceaseth and I do not doubt to find the Doctor the person I 
always took him for. I am sure we have a common interest and 
it shall be his fault if there be not the best understanding 
between us. And I am sorry he has any new difficulty to 
contend with. I very much hope he will be generally agreable 
for he has been generally talked of as the person and I have 
heard no objections made. What Mr Owen formerly declared 
positively that they had had orders from London about it and 
that he would never be accepted, I am apt to think related to 
their last hopes of making new Ordinances, for I could never 
discover anything els that could be meant by it. I could not 
recover Mr Clark's nomination as he directed me, and therefore 
to show you his orders about it I have sent you his letter which 
is a liberty I hope he will excuse. I desire you will be pleased 
to return it to me by the Doctor. As to the Second school| 

14 Notes from the College Records. 

tvhen there becomes a vacancy I hope for better success. Dr- 
Phillips tells me Mr Tench's business is to settle that matter 
with you, which I am very glad of. I have been most affratd 
least he should bring it to a rupture with the Corporation and 
I should suffer in the dispute, or if he should hold it till Sir 
Taylor is qualified I am well assured he has an eye upon it, bat 
whether any body would oppose me at present I do not foresee. 
To be plaine in this matter, I have Dr Phillips's repeated 
promises to assist me and a good opinion of the Mayor's favour, 
BO that the way to a remove might be easy if you approve it. 
But if there should be contending about displacing Mr T. 
(who knows what words have been dropt) and they should declare 
his school vacant and send to you to fill it, whether the same 
objections made against me by any Burgess's son ti>at claims 
(especially if he should be one of your body) will not have the 
same weight with you, you only can judge. I thought proper 
to be thus particular because I wish to be wholly ruled and 
directed by you. I have and shall always retain the most 
gratefull sense of your repeated kindnesses, am sorry to break in 
so much on your time, bnt hope matters are drawing to a happy 
conclusion and that then you, and I too, shall have done with 
this troublesome affair. I desire my most respectfuU humble 
service to the President and all friends and am with due gratitude, 
Dear Honoured Sir 

your most obliged 
Salop and most humble servant 

April 3, 1727. Leonard Hotchkis. 

Addressed: To the Revd Dr Lambert. 

Reverendo, Doctissimoque Viro Roberto Jenkin S.T.P. 
celeberrimi apud Cantabrigienses Collegii Divi Johannis 
Evangelistae Magistro, Eruditissimisque Sociis, Salutem. 

Cum pium sit et officiosum veritati testimonium perhibere 
praescrtim cum apud nos increbuit consuetudo, ut qui ad 
literarum studium vitae probitatem adjunxerint publica com- 
mendatione honestarentur ; Nos qui Roberti Phillips, Sacrae 
Theologiae Professoris per trienuium proxime elapsum et 
amplius mores et vitae novimus institulionem, testamur, se 
Regiae Majestati 9]^^4ientem et fidelem semper praestitissei 


Notes from the College Records. 25 

nihilque unquam aat tenuisse, aut docuisse quod Ecclesia 
Anglicana non approbat, et tuetur, ideoque cum et ipse est 
Burgensis, et Burgensis filius, infra Villain Salopiae natus, 
Schola libera grammaticaU artibus ingenuis instructas, dignum 
judicaroas, qui ad munus Archididascali Scholae Salopiensis 
promoveatur. In cujus roi testimonium Sigilla nosta prae- 
sentibus apposuimus tertio die Aprilis Annoque Domini 1727. 

RoLANDus Tench, Johannes Lloyd, 

Leonardus Hotchkis, EccUsiae beaiae Mariae 

Sam. Pearson A.M., Virginis apud Salop 

Setae Cfucis in Vill. Minister. 

Salop. Vic. Jac. Pearson, 

Johannes Lowe, Sti Juliani in Vil. 

Eccliae Sti Atkmundi Sal. Minister 

in vil. Salopia Vicar The. Rider, 

Ecclesiae Sti Cedde 
in Vill. Salop. Vic. 

I Robert Phillips, Doctor of Divinity doe hereby promise 
that if the Reverend Doctor Robert Lambert, Master of Saint 
John's CoHedge in Cambridge, and the Senior Fellows of the 
sayd Colledge shall thinke fitt to nominate me to the office of 
Head Scboolemaster of the ffree grammar Schoole in Salop, 
That in six moneths after I am in quiet possession of the sayd 
place I will resign eyther the sayd place of head scboolemaster 
or the vicaradge of Kinlet when I shall be thereto required 
either by the sayd Colledge or by the Corporation of Salop. 
Wittnesse my hand the second day of May Anno Domini 1727. 

RoBT. Phillips 

Witnesses: RowD. Tench; Leonard Hotchkis, Tho. 

Reverend Sir 

I have now sent the note you desired hoping it may 

fully answer the design, and put an end to the trouble you have 

met with in this affair. I think it is in substance the same I left 

with you, only with the alteration of six months etc. instead of 


2 b Notes from the College Records. 

an indtf finite time, wliich was agreed on in our last conversation, 
this shall be punctually performed if ever there should be any 
complaint from the Corporation ; though I hope you will not 
make use of it to my prejudice without a real occasion, I must 
lake this opportunity to return my thanks to you, and the worthy 
gentlemen I saw at your chamber, for the civility I received and 
at the same time heartily congratulate you upon your success ; 
for I don't in the least doubt, but the election will prove as 
much to the future advantage of the College as it is to the 
present satisfaction. Since my return home I have been 
afflicted with what Physicians call, a healthfull, though a pain- 
full disorder, which is generally the* consequence of long 
journeys, but in all other respects, I ihanke God, am very 
well. The gentlemen who are witnesses to the note present 
their humble services to you and all friends, and earnestly beg 
for dispatch, there are but two boys now left in the School. 

If you please to make my humble service acceptable to the 
Seniority you will highly oblige. Reverend Sir 

Shrewsbury, your very humble servant 

May 3rd, 1727 RoBT. Phillips. 

AJdre/sed: For the Reverend Dr Lambert Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge. By way of London. 

May the 9th 1727 

As I acquainted you in my last wee began to tax 
the Colledge Bill of Costs yesterday, and differing with the 
Defendants about Mr Phillipps' Bill of Costs as to the Copys of 
the Grants etc. which the Defendants sollicitor did insist was 
not Costs of suit, therefore not lyablc to answer the same, which 
coming to a great summe of money the Master thought proper to 
advise vs to have the opinion of the Court vpon that point, 
which wee intend to doe. Therefore putt of att present the 
further taxation of the Costs till wee have an order of Court for 
that purpose. I am affrayd the Master will clipp us of a greate 
deale of our CounselPs ffees which I know is vsuall, but of ibis 
and other matters you shall further heare from, Sir 

your humb!e servant 
Rod. Lloyd. 

Notts from the College Records: 27 

Addressed I To the Reverend Dor Lambert Master of St Johns 
CoUedge in Cambridge, these. 

June the 24th 1727 

I send herein enclosed my Bill of costs, the costs amounted 

in all to ^391 9t. 10^. and the Deputy Remembrancer struck 

out of it / 204 so that I could not procure any more costs 

from the Mayor of Salop than /'187 9^. fco^, which is not quite 

half the Bill. I never in my life tooke soe much pains in the 

taxation, but since I was saltisfyed by our old friend Mr Justice 

Price wee should have noe more than the bare costs of suit, and 

of all the coppys that were sent by Mr Phillipps, there was none 

of them examined from the Records; and the Master of the 

Office not allowing above £\z of all his Bill, which came in all 

about £(iOy with the additional bill sent afterwards to me, and 

striking out of the Counsell fees above ^ 80 ; all this considered 

I came off prc^tly well. Mr Phillipps did not vse you well by 

serving 72 of the Corporation with Coppys of Decree, whereas. 

he ought not to have served but the Mayor and six Aldermen, 

as also in the service of the sequestration of which I shall send. 

him an account by this post. I shall send him the next weeke 

a sub-poena for the costs which I hope will be payd without 

further process, I was of oppinion that the CoUedge being in» 

the nature of trustees might have larger Costs than ordinary 

but I had very good advice to desist, for it was not practicable 

to goe back to the Master for more costs, and in regard the 

Coppys of Grants etc. were not authenlick I was loath to throw 

away more money. Vpon the whole it cost your Colledge a 

great deale of money to assert your right and gett nothing 

else by it. 

I have sent my bill of costs separate from my bill vpon 
account of the Appeale vpon all which you will find the Bill 
since due me amounts to ... [a blank] besides what you are 
pleased to send me word that the Colledge had made an order 
for the extraordinary trouble of, sir 

your most humble servant 
Rod. Lloyd. 

Addrefsed: To the Revd. Dor. Lambert, Master of St John's. 
Colledge in Cambridge These. 

28 Notes Jrom the College Records. 

Reverend Sir 

After I had received certain information that the 
Bishop of Coventry and Licli field was returned from London, 
I wailed upon him at Eccleshall Castle, and when I had under- 
gone a pretty strict examination in Homer and Horace, he was 
pleased to. favour me with the following Testimonial. 

Mr Mayor 

These are to certifie you, that Dr Robert Phillips hath 
appeared before me with a Nomination by Dr Lambert, the 
present Master, and the Fellows of St John's CoIIedge in 
Cambridge, for him to be Head-Master of the Freeschool in 
Salop, and according as the 8th Ordinance of your School 
appoints, which was made by the Bayliffs and Burgesses of the 
Town of Salop, with the advice and consent of Thomas, Lord 
Bishop of Coventre and Lichfield, one of my predecessors, and 
of Mr Ashton late head school master of the school. I have, 
after examination, and do allow him to for such, as far as by law 
I may, and have due^y sworn him to the Statutes of the Realm 
in this case provided. I have only to wish on his behalf that 
he had many more years still to come, for the continuing of his 
labors among you, which I pray God may be successfull in 
pursuance of this pious Institution. Given at Eccleshall Castle 
this 13th day of June in the 13th year of our Sovereign Lord 
King George of Great Britain, and in the tenth year of our 


Upon Munday last I was admitted, and all the Ceremonies 
appointed by the 13th Ordinance were duly observed, so that in 
spite of all opposition you have gained your man, as well as your 
point. Yesterday I went to see the house which I found in 
a ruinous condition, and one part is so bad, that it must be 
taken down and rebuilt, if you please to give me an authority to 
proceed in the work : you may be assured the same care shall be 
taken of it, as if the inheritance were my own. Mr Johnson 
was with me about his son, who is now a member of your 
College, and was nominated by Mr Owen to one of the Exhibi- 
tions. Will you please to let me know how that case stands 
and favour me with your, .[letter lorn], .you will highly oblige 

your affectionate brother 
Shrewsbury and most humble servant 

June 2i8t 1727 RoBT. Phillips. 

Notes from the College Records. 29 

This morning I shall enter upon duty. My humble service 
attends all friends. Mr Tench and Mr Hotchkis desire you 
would accept of their humble service. 

Addressed: For the Revd. Dr Lambert Master of St. John's 
College in Cambridge. By way of London. 

July the 4th 1727 

I have herein inclosed a Distringas for the costs taxed the 
Colledge which is /'187 gj. \od. But first there must be a 
letter of an attorney vnder the Colledge scale directed to Mr 
Philipps (or to such other person as you can intrust) to impower 
him to demand and receive the /'187 91. lod. Costs taxed, for 
the vse of the Colledge and by vertue thereof he must goe and 
demand the money of the Mayor and serve him only with a 
coppy of the distringas and if the Mayor does not pay the 
money in a reasonable time, then the distringas is to be 
delivered to the Sheriffe who is to return issue and then move 
the next term for a sequestration, and you are to lett the person 
that serveth the Mayor to lett him know if he neglects forthwith 
to pay the costs there will be a further summe to be taxed on 
them. As to the forme of the Letter of Attorney I thought 
proper to leave it to Mr Cooke (or any other that is concerned 
for the Colledge) to draw it and affix the Colledge seale as 
vsuali to the same. 

When this is done I doe suppose they will find out some 
way to pay the same without any further trouble. I doe believe 
I did in my last by mistake send you my old as well as my new 
Bill of Costs (if not I have mislayd it somewhere or other) and 
also Mr Eyres Bill of costs which was but a small one. I pray 
see whether he has charged me with loj. costs payd the 
Deputy Remembrancer for taxing it. For I did pay him vpon 
the receipt of the inclosed £10 which Mr Eyres says was not 
included in his Bill, which if soe must be added to the ballance 
of my Bill being as I believe £\^ is. which will make it 
£1$ I li. besides what the Colledge pleaseth ^/c. Desiring a 
line of the Receipt of the inclosed from, Sir 

your most faith full servant 
Rod. Lloyd. 

30 Notes from the College Records, 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dor Lambert, Master of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. These 

Endorsed > Mem. July 2, 1727 I sent down the Distringas to 
Dr R. Philips to be served on the Mayor by Tho- Phillips, 

July the isth 1727 

I have received last post a letter from Mr Phillips to desire 
me to acquaint you that the Mayor of Salop etc, as soon as they 
receive a power from the Colledge, they have resolved to pay the 
costs out of the slock remanet which they cannot doe without 
your and the Headmasters leave, of which. I thought proper to 
putt in mind» who am Sir 

your most humble servant 

Rod. Lloydv 

1 pray consider whether you had best receive the Costs from, 
the Mayor without taking any notice that it if pay'd out of the 
Slock Remanet of which if you approve of it, you my give Dr 
Phillipps, or whomsoever receives the costs a precaution. 

Addressed: To the Revd Dor Lambert Master of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge. 

Reverend Sir 

I can now tell you with pleasure that I have now settled all 
the affairs between the College and Corporation. The money 
to pay off the costs is ready and shall be paid, either here or in 
London, if it be paid at sight in London you must allow 3^. per 
pound for the returns, or if you rather choose to stay six weeks 
for the payment of the bill it will be done without deduction. 
The account you sent me concerning the Scholarships and 
Exhibitions is agreed to, and that money will be paid in the 
same manner, and upon the same terms. If you please to draw 
a bill upon Mr Joseph Jones the present Mayor payable either 
to me or Mr Thomas Phillips, he will accept a discharge from 
either of us, unless he alters his mind. The same may be done 
for the Scholarships and Exhibitions, or if you please to send 
the Bursar's receipts Til take care of it either way. 

Notes from the College Records. 3 1 

Upon Friday last the House met and ordered a message to 
be sent to Mr Tench, whereby they desired him to resign the 
school in a reasonable time, at the same time they appointed a 
Commiitee to inspect the buildings and upon Monday they 
came to view them, they all concluded that we had done nothing 
but what was absolutely necessary, they said further that the old 
kitchen must be taken down, which I formerly hinted to you. 
I received them in the most friendly and civil manner I could, 
and gave them an entertainment, but since the Ordinances give 
the Corporation no power over the Schoolmasters, or the 
Revenue, I thought myself obliged to tell them, that they came 
without authority and without precedent, and therefore I paid 
that respect as friends not as a Committee. What they meant 
by it I know not, but I am resolved there shall be no encroach- 
ments upon the College or School during my continuance 
amongst them. I shall expect your orders, and am with great 
sincerity. Reverend Sir 

your affectionate brother 
Shrewsbury and humble servant 

24th October 1727. . Robt. Phillips. 

Addressed: For the Reverend Dr Lambert Master of St 
John's College in Cambridge. By way of London. 

Endorsed: Bills drawn upon the Mayor: For Costs 
£1^1 gs. lod ; Scholars and Exhibitions to Michaelmas 1727 

R. F. S. 

{ To be continued.) 


jOUTH Tyne is born in that remote wilderness 
of mountain and moorland which contains 
Cross Fell and his neighbours, and has by 
some freak of early politics been made a 
corner of Cumberland : the heart of the north we might 
almost call it ; for a few square miles include the head- 
springs of the Tyne, the Wear, and the Tees, besides 
pouring a tribute of many waters westward to swell the 
youthful Eden, as he makes his way towards the Solway 
from the hills and hollows a little further to the south. 
It is a bleak and sparsely wooded region of moor and 
moss and sterile pasture-land, and yet it is not so 
desolate as one might expect: indeed a hundred years 
ago this was one of the busiest parts of England, the 
centre of the greatest lead-mining district in the world ; 
and though much of its former prosperity has passed 
away, perhaps for ever, these barren hillsides are still 
pierced by many a drift and level, patched with the 
brighter green of small hill-farms, and dotted with the 
white walls of tiny homesteads ; for in many cases the 
lead-miner is half a farmer, and his week is divided 
between two occupations. 

But Tyne is soon clear of the county which gives him 
birth : he hurries northward past the hilly streets of 
Alston, — the highest market-town in England, — and 
soon enters the county to which by nature and associa- 
tion he most intimately belongs. Northwards still he 
runs for many miles through a wild and picturesque 

The Etlmo of Tynedvck, 33 

valley, which increases in beauty and interest as it nears 
the confines of greater Tynedale, — through the wooded 
gorge of Lambley, where a lofty and graceful viaduct 
carries the railway high above the stream, past 
Fetherstonehaugh ^Castle and the scene of the murder 
described in the famous ballad which deceived Sir 
Walter Scott, telling how 

" the Ridleys an* Thirwalls an' a* 

Ha* set on Sir Albany Fetherstonehaugh, 

An* taken his life at the Deadman Shaw" ; 

and then suddenly into a wider and statelier stretch 
of valley,— an amphitheatre of hills surrounding a 
broad expanse of level haugh, through which Tyne 
wanders for a while almost irresolutely, as he changes 
the direction of his journey towards the sunrise and the 

Bellister Castle stands on a low mound in the 
centre, — a plain grey border tower, haunted (if tra- 
dition speak truth) by the weird spectre of the Grey 
Man, the ghost of the hapless minstrel whom some old* 
time lord of the castle hunted to death with his hounds 
on the mere suspicion that the man was a spy suborned 
by his neighbour and enemy. Southward rise the 
bleak heathery heights of Plainmellor Common, and 
eastward the valley narrows towards the quaint hamlet 
of Melkridge and the gaunt tower of Willimoteswick : 
westward the line is broken by the mouth of a tributary 
dale, through which Tipalt Water enters into Tynedale ; 
and on the northern side the valley flank mounts up in 
steep steps towards the upland region of the Roman 
Wall, cleft by the great furrow of a deep and rocky 
dene, through which Haltwhistle Burn comes pouring 
down from the wastes and mosses of the north. 

At the foot of this slope stands the little town of 
Haltwhistle, or Hautwessel as it was called in older and 
more picturesque times, — a long straggling mass of 
undistinguished buildings with few remarkable features. 
At the eastern end rises the Castle Hill, a great green 
VOL. XXIV. ij' 

34 The Elbow of Tynedale. 

mound with one or two gaunt pine trees on its summit, 
which possibly was an entrenched stronghold in Saxon 
times, but never the site of a medieval castle. Behind 
the Castle Hill is a weather-beaten pele-house which 
still shows the remains of a square bartizan turret at one 
corner; and near the centre of the town stands the 
church, — a good specimen of thirteenth century archi- 
tecture, but desecrated internally by a tasteless and 
tawdry profusion of very modern paint. Otherwise the 
town is largely composed of public-houses and banks ; 
for this is the meeting place of east and west, and the 
banks of either side of the country have their outposts 
planted here. 

Haltwhistle is mainly prose nowadays ; for the little 
town has its living to make, and it makes it in a variety 
of unromantic ways : there is a small colliery up the 
dene yonder, and one of those humble woollen mills 
which were once so numerous in the north of England ; 
there are tile works nearer the river, and away on the 
high land to the north is a quarry where the hard 
basalt of the Great Whin Sill is wrought into paving 
stones and road metal. But the place can boast some- 
thing of a history, and that history contains not a little 
rough poetry and wild romance. That bold height to 
the east of the town was once crowned by a Roman 
camp, and the ever-living fascination of Hadrian's Wall 
lies only a little way beyond the crest of the northern 
hill : not far to the west is the line of the Maiden Way, 
the Roman road which comes up from Westmoreland 
over the moorland heights beside Cross Fell, and so 
passes northward to Bewcastle and Scotland. It is not 
unlikely that there was a small town here in Roman 
times; the site is sheltered and convenient, and four 
cohorts were stationed within easy reach of it : Aesica, 
immediately to the north, must have been the bleakest 
and most cheerless station of all the Wall fortresses, and 
we can readily imagine the Asturians of the garrison 
seeking relief and perhaps dissipation in this less 

The Elbow of Tymdale, 35 

ill-favoured spot, whenever the smallest opportunity 
occurred. However, for the history and even for proof 
of the existence of a Roman Haltwhistle we must depend 
solely upon our imaginations: the known romance of 
the little town dates from the days when Hadrian's 
Wall was already in ruins, and though much desultory 
warfare was still waged in its neighbourhood, the 
combatants were Scotch and English instead of Roman 
and Briton. 

With the earlier and more national struggles of the 
two countries Haltwhistle had too intimate a connection 
for its own comfort ; it lay directly in the more westerly 
of the two lines usually chosen by Scotch invaders, and 
especially by the Picts of Galloway, who as late as the 
twelfth century were little better than savages. Halt- 
whistle must have suffered no less than other parts of 
the north in the terrible days of Stephen's reign, when 
David of Scotland devastated the country as far south 
as Yorkshire, until his power was broken by the Battle 
of the Standard. ** They spared neither age, sex, nor 
position, they butchered children before the eyes of their 
parents, and husbands in the presence of their wives, 
maids and matrons they roped together in gangs and 
drove away, pricking them with their lances, and those 
who survived unspeakable horrors were made the slaves 
of their captors or sold like cattle to other barbarians.'* 
So, in substance, writes Prior Richard of Hexham, 
and though he is referring to another part of the country, 
we can scarcely doubt that the same dreadful scenes 
were enacted at Haltwhistle. " They did the same in 
other wars," he adds, •* but in this invasion such cruelties 
were even more common than usual." 

Edward the First spent a night here in the course 
of his last journey towards Scotland. A few years 
later Robert Bruce "entered England at Solewath 
(Solway), burnt up all the territory of the Lord of 
Gilleslande, the township of Hautewysel, and a great 
part of Tyndal, and eight days later returned inta 

36 The Elh(nv of Tynedale. 

Scotland, carrying with him a huge quantity of cattle ; 
however, few men lost their lives," says the monkish 
historian, "except those who wilfully defended them- 
selves." The reign of Edward the Second was indeed 
a gloomy time for the Borders, and this was only one 
of many such devastations. In due time victory 
followed humiliation, but the neighbourhood of 
Haltwhistle remained the theatre of private warfare 
for almost three hundred years longer, and even when 
the Battle of Flodden and other campaigns of the 
sixteenth century had secured Tynedale against any- 
official invasion, "the limmer thieves o' Liddesdale" 
and other unlicensed marauders seemed to have raided 
the country more audaciously than ever, Haltwhistle 
was peculiarly exposed to their sudden and violent depre- 
dations ; for the great wastes and mosses of the Middle 
Marches swept down almost to the confines of Tyne- 
dale, — a desolate wilderness of bleak moors and 
treacherous quagmires, where all but the most cunning 
and experienced were in constant danger of being 
engfulfed. The Border is nearer to Haltwhistle than to 
any other part of South Tynedale, and even on the 
English side there were always many who were not so 
bigoted as to spare their own countryman, if an apt 
occasion occurred for relieving him of his cows : Wark 
and Bewcastle were ominous names to Scotch and 
English ears alike. 

Various methods of procedure for the recovery of 
stolen property and the remedy of other wrongs were 
elaborated by custom or by treaties between the two 
countries, from the primitive system of pursuit — "the 
Hot Trod with hound and horn, with hue and cry, and 
all other accustomed manner of fresh Pursuit," — to the 
courts for the hearing of complaints and the settlement 
of claims (Days of Trewes they were called) which 
were held at regular intervals and in convenient places 
near the Border ; but the outlawed mosstrooper resisted 
the one and ignored the other, and even amicable 

The Elbcnv of Tyntdale. 37 

meetings of the officers of the Marches sometimes ended 
in dispute and sudden battle: from the fact that the 
Border Laws ordained a special penalty for Reproving 
or Baughling, — t e. using taunting or provocative 
language, — we may infer that the hereditary enmity of 
many generations was only too apt to find its way to 
the tongues of those who attended the court, and give 
birth to remarks of a highly exasperating nature: 
there would be little delicacy about the wit of a six- 
teenth century borderer. 

At any rate the International Law of the Marches, 
such as it was, did not succeed in repressing the 
incursions of private forayers. In the reign of King 
Edward the Sixth an elaborate system of Day Watches 
and Night Watches was organised, covering the whole 
of the Marches : fords, bridges, and various points of 
vantage were to be guarded by men from the adjoining 
townships, and officers, called Setters and Searchers, 
were appointed to superintend them, being themselves 
responsible to higher officials, called Overseers. The 
plan seems perfect on paper, but in all probability it 
was inadequately carried out : indeed there is a strong 
flavour of Dogberry in the instructions which we find 
set down for the guidance of the watchmen. 

" If any person or persons come within any of the 
Watches, in the time of their watching; if they be true 
Men known, and that proved, the said Watchers shall 
suffer them to depart; and if they be unknown, the 
said Watchers shall bring them to the Baylifs and 
Constables to be tryed : And if the said Person or 
Persons so brought afore the said Baylifs and 
Constables, cannot try or prove them to be true Men, 
labouring in their true and lawful Business, that then 
the said Baylifs and Constables bring the said suspect 
Persons to the King's Highness Goal ; there to remain 
unto such time as he or they be lawfully tryed by due 
Examinations of the General, the Deputy- Warden, or 
by the Justices of the Peace of that County." 

38 The Elbow of Tynedale. 

Haltwhistle itself was surrounded by such Watches, 
but in spite of all precautions it seems to have suffered 
damage and to have carried out reprisals to the very 
end of the sixteenth century. As late as 1598 the 
town was plundered by the Armstrongs of Liddesdale, 
and Sir Robert Carey (afterwards Earl of Monmouth ), 
the English Warden of the Middle Marches, demanded 
satisfaction for the outrage from the King of Scotland. 
James, however, was a crafty and economical politician r 
these Armstrongs, he said, were outlaws and no sub- 
jects of his, and the English Warden had better go to 
the trouble and expense of punishing them himself. 

Accordingly the good folk of Haltwhistle invaded 
Liddesdale in force, and recovered their lost property: 
such, at any rate, was the way in which they described 
their proceedings, though we may reasonably conjecture 
that they were not over scrupulous in identifying the 
exact items of the plunder, so long as they got an 
equivalent and perhaps something over. The invasion 
ended with the death of Sim of the Cathill, one of the 
Armstrong leaders. 

" For he cam riding o'er the brae 
As gin he could na steal a cow/' 

says the old ballad: resistance being out of the 
question, Sim seems to have played the part of 
injured innocent, threatening proceedings in the 
Warden's court, no doubt, and endeavouring to pass 
himself off as a harmless and peaceable farmer. Such 
hypocrisy, however, was too much for Haltwhistle 
tempers : 

"But and John Ridley thrust his spear 
Right through Sim o'the Cathill's watne," 

and there was an end of Sim and his cattle-lifting 
for ever. 

Of course these events provoked a counter-foray. 
Wat Armstrong brought a little army of three hundred 

The Elbow of Tynedale. 39 

men to plunder and burn Haltwhistle, but the English 
were ready to receive him : they set an ambush, fell 
upon the rear of his force, and presently sent Wat 
Armstrong to go the same gate as Sim of the Cathill. 

"Then Alec Ridley he let flee 

A clothyard shaft ahint the wa' ; 
It struck Wat Armstrong in the ee', 

Went through his steel cap, heid and a*. 
I wot it made him quickly fa', 
He could na rise, though he essayed." 
What a word-picture in eight syllables is this last line ! 
The Liddesdale men retreated, vowing dire ven- 
geance against Haltwhistle, but the English Warden 
did not leave them time to prepare another expedition : 
he marched with a strong company into Liddesdale, 
and at once laid siege to the Tarras, a marsh-encircled 
forest to which the principal outlaws of the neighbour- 
hood retired. Carey began his operations by 
reconnoitring the country, and meanwhile the besieged 
Armstrongs (so it is said) audaciously despatched a 
party to harry Carey's own lands across the Border: 
they even sent him a present of one of his own cows, 
so that he might not ieel the want of good English 
beef during his stay in Scotland. Before long, however, 
Carey had ascertained the various tracks and exits by 
which it was possible for his enemies to escape from 
their fastness : these he occupied with strong bodies of 
horse, while his infantry attacked the place from the 
south, and in the event the greater number of the 
Liddesdale thieves were killed or captured. 

But these things are among the larger events of 
Border foraying, and there must have been many minor 
episodes which our imaginations may endeavour to 
portray. Sometimes, as we have seen, the Liddesdale 
men came in battalions, but often they must have come 
as single spies, or at any rate in companies of two or 
three daring freebooters, whom the plunder of a single 
well- stocked farm would amply reward. Sometimes, 

40 The Elbow of TynedaU. 

no doubt, they would find an outlying homestead ill 
provided with men, and there the plundering would be 
open and violent ; byre and rooftree would be set ablaze, 
and soon the goodman's money and the goodwife's best 
gown would be making a night journey across the moors 
into Liddesdale; sometimes subtler and more silent 
thieving would be necessary, and the expert reiver would 
use his utmost skill to "convey" the steed from the 
stable or the beast from the byre without alarming the 
victims of the robbery. 

However, sooner or later the same kind of scene 
would ensue. Fire attracts attention, and violence is 
usually accompanied by noise : neighbours and kinsmen 
would be swift to revenge a disaster which might be 
their own tomorrow; and even in the case of stealthier 
depredations, the goodman would miss his horse or his 
heifers in the morning. Thereupon would follow alarums 
and excursions, such as the stage directions of old 
tragedies enjoin, — curses loud, deep, and voluble, hasty 
buckling of rusty breastplates, hasty saddling of 
horses, — if any were left, — and hasty seizing of spears 
and swords : then a hasty clatter of hoofs, and so up the 
hill to the northward and away over the moors in pursuit. 

North of Haltwhistle, beyond the basalt crag line 
which supports the ruins of Hadrian's Wall, lies a wide 
expanse of swampy wilderness called Scotchcoulthard 
Moor, and tradition tells us that this was the critical 
place for pursuer and pursued. If once the Liddesdale 
thief could win his way to the further side of this 
treacherous morass, he might feel fairly secure; but 
woe betide the tardy fugitive, who was overtaken and 
forced to turn to bay on the bleak and shelterless moor ! 
Many a reiver must have met his death here, some from 
misadventure or lack of skill, some from a covetousness 
which could not part with plunder even to save life. 
One, perhaps, loses his nerve as the "scry" comes 
ringing across the moor behind him ; in that one 
moment of alarm he wanders from the safe track, till 

The Elbaiv of Tynedale. 4^ 

suddenly his horse splashes up to his gifths into a 
hidden quagmire, and presently a long Tynedale arrow 
makes an end of the rider. Another, it may be, has 
lifted more cows than he can manage, and cannot find 
it in his heart to abandon the least of them : the cattle 
are slow travellers, and he goads them with his spear 
till the tortured beasts break out of all control ; before 
he can get them in hand again, the pursuers are 
galloping over the ridge of moor to the south, and a few 
minutes later he loses cattle and life together by one 
straight thrust of a Border speaf . 

So much for the earlier chapters of Haltwhistle's 
history : the latter portion has been of a different 
character,— ^a humdrum chronicle of ordinary things 
with little romance or excitement to enliven it ; for since 
the opening of the seventeenth century Haltwhistle has 
been happy in having no history to speak of, Hope 
and fear, joy and sorrow, may have alternated here 
during the thrilling years of the great Civil War and 
the brief excitement of Lord Derwentwater's rebellion ; 
but no special circumstance brought the little town into 
prominence at either period. The old romance has been 
mellowed to a memory, or rather has been born like a 
posthumous child after the passing away of the events 
that fathered it ; but so that the child remain to us, we 
need not distress ourselves over the loss of the parent. 

'* Not War, nor the tumultous swell 
Of civil conflict, nor the wrecks of change 
Nor duty struggling with affections strange,—* 

Not these alone inspire the tuneful shell ; 

But where untroubled peace and concord dwell, 
There also is the Muse not loth to range." 

And here, as in most regions of the once turbulent Norths 
the Muse may range with double delight, and feed her 
fancy with either kind of fooi. 

R. H. F. 


INTIQUARIES, historians, liturgiologists, 
politicians, ecclesiastics, patriots, and even 
the person Emerson calls " the man in the 
street *' all found so much of absorbing 
interest in the Coronation that any attempt to deal with 
it exhaustively would be futile. I can only hope that 
my readers have studied the accounts of the service 
which appeared in the Times and Wesimtnster Gazette^ 
for the descriptions of the ceremony in both these papers 
were either written or corrected by persons who took a 
prominent part therein ; and what follows will be only 
a string of disconnected fragments. 

It is interesting to reflect on the change in our 
national ideas which the Coronation emphasises. The 
days of utilitarianism are gone, and the historical sense 
is alive in the country once more. We no longer cal- 
culate the worth of things by material standards, and 
almost take a pride in thinking that we have possessions 
which all the millionaires of America can not buy. In the 
words of Canon Scott Holland, " Once more we under- 
stand why ^ a crowded hour of glorious life is worth an 
age without a name.' We see ]^ow slight and thin is 
that poor surface — life which we can classify and nationa- 
lize, and dispose of in boxes. We are not ashamed of 
dreams and ideals ; and therefore we are not ashamed 
of the bravery, the trappings, the banners, the trumpets, 
the vestments, as they fling their defiance at drab utili- 
tarianism, and deliver their loud and daring proclamation 

Dt C^ronatione. 43 

e>f the things that the tongue cannot yet utter» even 
thoug^h the heart may dimly conceive." 

It is no exaggeration to say that a sigh of relief and 
thankfulness went up from the nation when it was known 
that the King had at last been anointed and crowned. 
There were so many prophets of evil, and such a wide- 
spread feeling at the time of His Majesty's Illness that 
sontething was being kept back from the public, that 
at one time many felt that the empire was on the eve 
of a tragedy unparalleled in history. However, the 
pessimists have been proved wrong again, and the cry 
is now. Long live the King. 

Few people have any idea of the enormous amount 
of labour that was expended upon the preparations for 
the Coronation. Of course the tax-payer knows how 
much was spent out of the national exchequer, but I 
refer to the work of the chief state ofiicials and ecclesias- 
tics who were responsible for the proper performance 
of everything, and who received no payment and often 
no thanks for their trouble. Repeated rehearsals took 
place during July, first of parts of the ceremony and 
then of the whole. The King and Queen were always. 
represented by their deputies, and at the earlier 
rehearsals some of those taking part who lived at a 
distance from London were similarly represented. It is 
very easy to imagine that these rehearsals were full of 
interest. To see the greatest in the land being stage- 
managed, if the phrase may be allowed, by the Earl 
Marshall was most strange. Indeed it felt quite uncanny 
at first to see people whose faces one had previously 
seen only in the illustrated papers or the cartoons of 
F. C. Gould, walking about and doing as they were told 
like good little boys. The appearance of the Lord 
Chancellor at a full dress rehearsal with his coronet 
balanced insecurely on the top of his wig will not easily 
be forgotten. Every moment one expected him to say 
that it was only "a sort of a" ceremony. The 
Chancellor of the University quite maintained his 

4i Dc Corofiaiione. 

reputation. Once he said to Lord Salisbury in a drowsy 
tone» " How much longer is this going on ? It isn't 
much in my line/' 

This is a democratic age» and Radical newspapers 
sometimes make disrespectful remarks about the House 
of Lords, but how much of old aristocratic traditions 
still linger undisturbed in conservative comers of our 
minds I never fully realised until I heard a well-known 
person say of a certain peer, " Oh, but, you know, Lord 
Z is such a fool." 

During one of the rehearsals some error occurred just 
before the place for the sermon. The proceedings were 
stopped, and when the wrong had been put right, the 
Earl Marshall gave the signal to go on again. •* Next 
comes the Anointing," he said. But someone interposed 
with the words, "You have left out the Oath." "Left 
out the Oath," exclaimed the Earl Marshall, ^'preserve 
tnc from doing that." 

The words of the prayers were not repeated at the 
rehearsals, but in place of them as a guide to those 
rehearsing the deputy Archbishop of Canterbury said 
simply ** Next comes the prayer beginning " 

The music was at first rehearsed separately in the 
Church House, but at the last two or three rehearsals 
the choir were present in full in the Abbey. 

The man who deserves most credit in connection 
with the ceremony is the Duke of Norfolk. As a Roman 
Catholic he must have felt that the service, not being 
performed by bishops whose orders the Pope of Rome 
recognises as valid, was unreal and ineffective ; but as 
an Englishman he felt that this was one of the moments 
when national interests were paramount, and his untir- 
ing energy coupled with unbounded kindness and good 
humour won him golden opinions on every side. 

In days of old a certain Prime Minister is reported 
to have told one of the heralds that everybody knew 
more about their business than they did themselves. 
Jhore are captious critics who would like to make 

similar gibes now, but they forget that it is sixty-four 
years since the last coronation, and that the latter part 
of the last reign was not distinguished for state pageants. 
If runiour speaks true the heralds know their work much 
better now than they did in January 1901. 

The Office of Works began the preparations in the 
Abbey on April 2nd. Huge beams and planks were 
taken in through the west door until the interior of the 
Church was like a great carpenter's shop. The utmost 
care was taken of the fabric. Most of the monuments 
and statues were carefully protected by wooden cases 
before any other work was begun. The following notice 
was posted in conspicuous places throughout the edifice. 


That the Abbey is the heritage of everyone of you as 

Therefore you are earnestly asked to be reverent in your 
deameanour and regardful of the fabric and monuments. 

If there is any one of you to whom these considerations do 
not appeal, please respect the feelings of your companions. 

2nd April 1902. 

The large temporary hall in front of the west door 
of the Abbey, called The Annexe, aroused much interest 
and admiration. Certainly it was a most successful 
deception, for many people were unable to tell where 
the real stone ended and the imitation began. It 
served its purpose — the marshalling of the pro- 
cessions — excellently, but there are many reasons why 
it had much better have never been erected. First it 
was a sham. Secondly it spoilt the finest part of the 
west front of the Abbey. Thirdly it was unnecessary, 
and therefore a waste of money. In former days the 
procession formed in Westminster Hall^ and thence 

46 De Coronaiione. 

passed to the west door of the Abbey through Palace 
Yard under a temporary covered-way. Now those 
people who were seated in the galleries in the nave of 
the Abbey saw only the procession up the Church at 
the beginning of the service and down again at the end^ 
and nothing more. Had ancient precedent been 
followed and the procession started from Westminster 
Hall, these people (and many more besides) could have 
seen all they did see in the Abbey from seats in Palace 
Yard and the Church need not then have been defaced 
by the erection of horrid galleries. It is true that on 
the present occasion fewer galleries were put up than 
had been erected for centuries, for the direct view east 
and west in the Abbey was almost unimpaired, owing 
to the fact that no galleries were erected east of the 
transepts and none over the west door, and the galleries 
in the side aisles of the nave did not project beyond the 
pillars. But it would be much better to have no galleries 
at all, so that the great Church might look as much like 
itself as possible for the solemn occasion. 

Many people do not know that there is a fine peal 
ol bells in the north-west tower of the Abbey, and most 
of those who are aware of this fact do not know that 
few living persons have ever heard them rung until this 
year. In olden times these bells were rung to celebrate 
all great national rejoicings, such as the victories of 
Trafalgar and Waterloo ; but many years ago doubts 
were expressed as to the strength of the tower, and 
money not being forthcoming to make all secure it was 
decided to cease ringing the bells. On the present 
occasion it was felt that it would be a very great pity 
were these voices of national joy to hang silent, and so 
a careful inspection of the tower having been made by 
competent persons the Dean and Chapter decided in 
accordance with their opinion that, though costly 
alterations and repairs were necessary before the bells 
could be regularly rung, yet there was no danger in 
ringing them once more for a short time. Accordingly 

Di Coronationt. 47 

a trial peal was rung on June 19th, and on August 9th 
the crowd near the Abbey had the pleasure of listening 
to these long silent bells. If anyone wishes these bells 
to be regularly rung again, as they were of yore, he 
has only to produce the necessary funds and I have 
no doubt that the Dean and Chapter will carry out his 

When the Abbey is again open to the public 
some important alterations will be noticed. First, the 
new rose window in the south transept. Both stone 
work and glass are new. It is hard to say which is 
worse — the flaunting, gaudy colours of the old window 
or the new glass with its background of white and the 
next most common tint, one closely resembling butter, 
whilst patches of red and blue here and there feebly 
proclaim the flowing garment of an inane-looking 
saint. We miss here those rich deep colours which are 
the glory of some of the continental cathedrals. 

Secondly, a canopy has been hung over the upper 
part of the Shrine of St Edward to hide the bare deso- 
lation of Queen Mary's attempted restoration. The 
canopy is of crimson and gold, and remedies in a 
worthy manner one of the chief defects in the Abbey. 
It was put up last May. Round it are embroidered the 
following words from the Life of the Confessor, ** Deo 
Carus Rex Edwardus Non Mortuus Est." Coming into 
St Edward's chapel after his coronation these words 
were the first thing that would strike the king's eye. 

Thirdly, a new door has been made into Henry VII 
Chapel at its south-west corner. A doorway has been 
here "whereof the mind of man runneth not to the 
contrary," but it was only opened to serve as an 
emergency exit for each coronation, and was walled up 
again immediately afterwards. As a permanent 
entrance into the Abbey at this point will be useful, a 
stone flight of steps has been built up to this doorway 
from outside and a teak door put in. 

Fourthly, an altar has been built at the west end of 

48 Dc Coronaiiem. 

the Confessor's Shrine where in former days one stood 
which was swept away many years ago. On this altar 
since the Reformation the holy oil for the Anointing- has 
been consecrated. In the middle ages the holy oil 
used was that given (according to the legend) to 
Thomas d Beckett by the Virgin, but since the time of 
James I it has been consecrated afresh for each corona- 
tion by a member of the Chapter of Westminster. The 
Dean most often did this, because he was frequently 
Bishop of Rochester before the passing of the Pluralities 
Act, but on the present occasion Bishop Welldon — the 
only member of the Chapter in episcopal orders — per- 
formed the consecration. In 1685 the King's Apothe- 
cary received ;^20o for compounding the anointing oil 
from the following ingredients: — Oil of Orange Flowers, 
Oil of Jasmine, Oil of Spanish Bean, Oil of Rose, Oil of 
Cinnamon, Extract of White Benzoin Flowers, Amber- 
gris, Musk, Civet, Spirit of Rose. 

Now to come to the appearance of the Abbey on 
August Qth. It was splendid. With rare foresight Lord 
Esher had ordered the front of all the galleries to be 
draped, not with the scarlet which has always been used 
hitherto, but with blue and gold. ** The colour will be 
supplied on the day " said Lord Esher to someone who 
suggested that the colours he had chosen were sombre. 
It was wonderfully true. In perfect keeping with the 
grey stone walls and pillars, blue and gold shewed off 
the brilliant colours of the dresses and uniforms to 
better advantage than any other colour would have 
done. I had often tried to imagine what the scene 
would be like, but it was magnificent beyond all my 
dreams. Naval and military uniforms, court dresses 
and peers' robes, bishops in splendid vestments, heralds 
in flaming tabards, and Eastern princes in many 
coloured garments combined to form a gorgeous setting 
for the shimmer and flash of gold and jewels in the 
plate of the Church and the sceptres and coronets and 
crowns. There was no appearance of gaudiness, no 

De CoronaiioHi, 49 

sign of vulgar display, but all formed one indescribable 
picture of splendour and magnificence and glory. 

And round and above it all soared up and up and up 
the pillars and arches of the Abbey till as one gazed at 
them one wondered what made those monks of old go 
building on to such a height that peers, prelates, princes 
and potentates were dwarfed and minished into paltry 
insignificance by those heaven-seeking columns and 
that dim distant roof. 

*• They dreamed not of a perishable home 
Who thus could build/* 

Here for hundreds and hundreds of years English 
Kings have come to be hallowed for their office by the 
ministers of God, and when their work was done to be 
laid to rest in " the temple of silence and reconciliation." 
Here came the sainted Confessor to his last home, 
round which England's best and noblest have been 
gathered ; here was Harold, last of the Saxons, crowned 
for his brief reign, soon to be followed by Norman 
William to receive the diadem his sword had won ; 
here came Henry III "drest in hys Royal Robes 
with the Crowne upon hys Hede and all the Nobilitie 
attendyng"; came also Edward I "Scotorum Malleus," 
with great solempnytie conveyed unto Westminster 
and there buryed in the Chapelle of Seynt Edward " ; 
Henry VII also whom " the cardynall didde annoynte, 
the kynge knelying on quysshns " ; Good Queen Bess ; 
poor Charles I ; and last of all a young and lovely 
maiden came to consecrate her reign to God, and again 
fifty years later was seen ** the most wonderful part of 
a wonderful ceremony. At the end of the procession a 
rather stout little woman in a plain black gown." 

The strains of Luther's glorious Ein feste burg called 
one back to the present. It was the Abbey choir 
singing as the Prebendaries of Westminster passed in 
procession from the Jerusalem Chamber, whence they 
were bringing the regalia, through the cloisters into 
VOL. x:UY. 11 

50 De Coronation^. 

Henry VII Chapel. Here the Litany was sung, and 
then the Prebendaries moved into St Edward's Chapel, 
where the restored altar of St Edward was consecrated 
by Bishop Welldon, who also consecrated the oil for 
the anointing. Then the procession moved on down 
the nave to the Annexe, where the Regalia were g^vea 
to the peers who were to carry them in the royal pro- 

In front of the Prebendaries' procession was carried 
a fine cross of Abyssinian work. This cross came to be 
used on the Coronation Day in the following manner. 
When Ras Makonnen, the representative of the Emperor 
of Abyssinia at the Coronation, heard of the King's 
serious illness, he sent to the Dean and Chapter of 
Westminster the offer of a votive cross for the King's 
recovery. This ancient form of expressing the heart's 
desire is still common amongst the Abyssinian 
Christians, though it has been forgotten in England. 
This cross henceforth will form one of the many inter- 
esting things in Westminster Abbey. 

The bishops who took no active part in the ceremony 
sat on the north side of the sanctuary. They did not 
look at all impressive, and they never seemed to know 
what to do. Some sat while others stood, some stood 
when others were kneeling, and most of them were 
looking far afield when they ought to have been bowing 
to the Queen. Had they worn copes like the 
officiating prelates they would have looked much better^ 
and all the bishops would have been improved in 
appearance by mitres. 

Most of the peers seemed to have brought out their 
ancestral coronets without ever having tried them on» 
and as a result they did not fit, but the rim came right 
down on to the eyebrows, giving their lordships the 
appearance of boys in their father's hats. Some few,, 
among whom was Lord Kitchener, had evidently had 
their coronets made to fit, and in their case the effect 
was very fine. Not many years ago we should have 

De Ccronaiume. 51 

seen nothing but the ludicrous in these and the numerous 
other people who were arrayed in gorgeous attire ; now, 
however, all the pomp of splendid action appeared 
familiar and normal, " no remote absurdity, but a reai 
and solemn fact that wove itself into the tissue of our 
life without surprise or disturbance." 

The coronet is, however, a woman's head-dress. 
The beauty of the peeresses was vastly enhanced by 
theirs, and the sight of rows of them in their robes witk 
their coronets on their heads was an enchanting vision 
of fairness. But it was very amusing to see them 
fitting them on. Not having mirrors they turned to 
one another to see if they were on straight, until some 
wise matron produced a hand glass which was in great 
demand for a few moments. 

Owing to the failing sight of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury special provision had to be made to enable 
him to read the service. A book in suflBlciently large 
type would have been of insupportable weight, so the 
service was printed in large letters on several sheets 
of paper which were then mounted on silk with a roller 
at each end, after the fashion of a common w^all map. 
These were in charge of the Archbishop's Chaplain, 
who handed them as required to the Bishop of 
Winchester, who held them up for the Primate to read. 

At one time it was feared by some people, of whom 
it is needless to say the Archbishop of Canterbury was 
not one, that had the Coronation taken place in June 
he would have been unable to perform his full part in 
the service. There was some discussion whether his 
deputy should be the Archbishop of York or the Bishop 
of London. It seems that had the Archbishop of York 
in the reign of William I been inclined to insist on his 
own rights and urge his own claims he might have 
secured to the northern province the right to crown the 
English sovereigns. For Ealdred of York and not 
Stigand of Canterbury crowned the Conqueror. But as 
soon as Lanfranc was set in the throne of St Augustine 

5 a De Coronaiione, 

he did all he could to aggrandize his see, and he 
persuaded William that, if it i;vere possible for the 
Archbishop of York to crown the Kings of England, he 
might crown one of the Saxon rebels. Consequently 
William conferred the privilege of crowning the 
sovereigns of England on the Archbishop of Canterbury 
as some say, or on the Province of Canterbury 
according to others. On the present occasion the 
claims of the Bishop of London were advanced, but it 
was pointed out that Westminster Abbey, being a 
Royal Peculiar, is in no diocese and therefore not in 
the Province of Canterbury. Consequently it was 
decided that, in case the Archbishop of Canterbury 
should be unable to stand the fatigue of the long cere- 
mony, the Archbishop of York should take his place. 

Of the Kings not crowned by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Henry I was crowned by the Bishop of 
London, Henry II by the Bishop of Salisbury, Edward II 
and Mary 1 by the Bishop of Winchester, and Elizabeth 
by the Bishop of Carlisle. The eldest son of Henry II 
was crowned by the Archbishop of York during his 
father's lifetime, but he did not survive his father, and 
Richard I, his younger brother, became the next King. 

Several of the newspapers asserted that the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury fainted after doing homage. 
This was entirely untrue. His Grace found some 
diflficulty in rising from his knees owing to the weight 
and entanglement of his cope, and he was assisted to 
rise by the King and the Bishop of Winchester, but 
he did not faint and he performed all his part of the 

Everybody was struck with the firm clear voice in 
which the King took the Oath, There was evident 
sincerity in the tone in which he said, "The things 
in which I have here before promised I will perform 
and keep. So help me God." I was fortunate enough 
to see the oath with the King's signature attached 
after the service. The writing was firnr^ and clear, and 

De Coronaiione. 53 

to use a common phrase, there was much character 
in it. 

The ceremony of the Girding with the Sword is quaint. 
At the proper point in the service Lord Londonderry^ 
who carried the sword in the procession, gave it to the 
Lord Chamberlain, by whom it was deposited in St. 
Edward's Chapel. Lord Londonderry then received 
another sword from the Lord Chamberlain, which he 
gave to the Archbishop to be placed on the altar. This 
having been done the Archbishop took the second sword 
to the King, and the Lord Chamberlain girded it on. 
Next the King ungirded the sword, and oflFered it at the 
altar- Finally Lord Londonderry gave as a redemption 
one hundred shillings for the sword which the Subdean, 
acting for the Dean of Westminster, gave him from the 

It was a touching sight to see the Archbishop of 
Canterbury do homage. The difficulty he experienced 
in rising from his knees has already been explained. 
Not only did the King with that kindness for which he 
is famous help the Archbishop to rise, but he reverently 
kissed the aged prelate's hand. That this took place 
has been doubted by many people, but I know on 
the authority of the Archbishop himself that it actually 

There was evident emotion in the greeting the King 
gave the Prince of Wales when he came to do homage. 
Drawing his son towards him as he was moving away 
from the Throne the King affectionately kissed him and 
warmly shook his hand. 

At former coronations each peer did homage singly, 
kneeling before the King and swearing allegiance, and 
afterwards touching the crown and kissing the King's 
cheek. This was altered on the present occasion, and, 
instead of each individual peer doing homage, the senior 
member of each degree in the peerage did homage in 
the name of the rest, who knelt in their respective places 
while he knelt before the throne. In this way a marked 

54 De Coronatione. 

gain in impressiveness was obtained^ and a good deal 
of tedious repetition avoided. 

One paper said the Prince of Wales was the first to 
do homage. This was not so. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury representing the whole episcopate was first, 
after him came the Prince of Wales, and then the Duke 
of Norfolk. At previous coronations the two Arch- 
bishops and all the Bishops did homage one by one 
before the Prince of Wales, because they are present at 
the Coronation as princes of the Church, and not as 
peers of the realm. As a sign of this in former times 
they did not put on their mitres when the peers put on 
their coronets, but they wore them throughout the service. 
The Archbishop in his mitre set the crown on the King's 
head. The bishops also, not being temporal peers, did 
not touch the crown, and did not swear to be " Liege 
men of life and limb and earthly worship," nor to die 
for the King " against all manner of folk." 

The Crowning and Anointing of the Queen was the 
most beautiful part of the service. In some particulars 
it differed from the corresponding ceremony for the 
King. These differences are partly due to the fact that 
the Queen Consort derives her dignity from her husband, 
and partly to the fact that this part of the service is not 
so old as the corresponding ceremony for the King. 
The Queen is only anointed once — on the crown of the 
head " to increase her honour," but the King is anointed 
thrice, the ancient triple unction, to signify glory (on 
the head), holiness (on the chest), and strength (on the 
hands). The Queen receives the sceptres after her 
coronation, the King holds the sceptres whilst being 

A few words about the music. It was quite worthy 
of the occasion in point of execution and sweetness. 
Entirely by English composers, it represented every 
century from Tallis in the sixteenth down to Bridge in 
the twentieth. The Oflfertorium, "Let my prayer come 
up," set to a composition of Purcell's for the third psalm, 

De Coronaitone. 55 

was most beautiful. Equally fine was the final Amen by 
Orlando Gibbons. Stainer*s sweet sevenfold Amen was 
in its proper place after the Prayer of Consecration. 
There was one criticism an ordinary person could not 
help making on the vocal music. It lacked strength 
and volume. Numerically the choir was large enough, 
so that the only conclusion possible is that the sound 
was deadened by the arches under which they sat. The 
instrumental music was powerful enough, but there was 
a disappointing weakness about the singing of "Zadok 
the priest," and the national anthem, which ought not 
to have occurred on such an occasion. 

Amongst the recollections of the service which remain 
most prominent in the memory may be enumerated 
these. The beautiful figure of the venerable Dean of 
Westminster. The fine old Duke of Cambridge, now 
present for the third time at the coronation of an English 
sovereign. The natural grandeur of the scene as the 
Archbishop of Canterbury sat, facing the west door, with 
his back to the Coronation Chair, waiting the arrival of 
the King he was to crown. Thekingliness of the King. 
Few people in the Abbey looked as fine, and none more 
manly and regal. There was no appearance of having 
passed through a dangerous illness. Nothing could be 
more calculated to convince everyone that the sinister 
rumours about the condition of His Majesty's constitu- 
tion were wholly and entirely false, than the sight of his 
excellent health a little more than six weeks from the 
time he was at the point of death. Not many people in 
the prime of youth could have done the same, and very 
few people who had reached the age of three score. 

In the records of Westminster Abbey is to be found 
a quaint addition to the title of the six Kings of the 
name of Edward. We read of " Edward from the 
Conquest the First," and so on. There is only one 
"King Edward" in Westminster Abbey — the sainted 
founder who lies buried behind the high altar, and so 
all the other kings of that name have to have a dis* 

56 De Coronatione, 

tinguished addition to their titles. May I commend 
this to those Scotchmen who see reason to object to the 
title Edward VII for their present King, but whose 
ancestors saw no reason to object to the title of 
William III or William IV. They cannot have the 
title of the sovereign of a world-wide empire altered to 
suit local prejudices, but they can adopt this simple 
formula when they feel very Scotch indeed. 

In many most interesting ways the Coronation is 
closely connected with St Edward. All our Kings 
except Edward VII have been crowned with what is 
known as St. Edward's crown, putting on the Imperial 
Crown, as it is called, for the procession from the Abbey. 
The original crown of St Edward, as there is good 
reason for believing, was really King Alfred's crown, 
but this together with most of the regalia was " totallie 
broken and defaced accordinge to ord^ of ParlamV in 
1649. ^^c only remnants that escaped were the golden 
eagle -shaped ampulla for the holy oil, and the spoon for 
the anointing, which were kept, not with the other 
regalia in the Tower, but in the Abbey. At the 
Restoration a new ** St Edward's Crown " was made, 
but it is not a very magnificent piece of w^ork. Being 
therefore not the original crown, nor so fine as the 
Imperial Crown which His Majesty will wear on State 
occasions, the King expressed a wish to be crowned 
with the crown he would afterwards use. Accordingly, 
though St Edward's Crown was carried in the procession, 
it was not put on the King's head. 

In the Imperial crown are two famous jewels, the 
sapphire which was in St Edward's ring — of which more 
hereafter — and the ruby presented by Pedro King of 
Castile to the Black Prince, and worn by Henry V at 

The other portions of the regalia are called by their 
original names, though they are only three hundred 
years old. The Sceptre with the Dove is St Edward's 
Staff. The Curtana or pointless Sword of Mercy is St. 

De Coronaiioni. 57 

Edward's Sword. The King formerly swore to observe 
St Edward's Laws. If the King's hair was ruffled after 
the anointing, then " there was Seynt Edwarde's combe 
to set it straight." The coronation took place within 
a few feet of St Edward's body in the Abbey he founded. 
And lastly the Ring was St Edward's Ring, about 
which there is the legend that the Confessor being on 
one occasion without money gave his ring to a beggar. 
Many months later pilgrims from Palestine brought the 
ring back to the King saying that St John had appeared 
to them and had given them the ring with strict injunc- 
tions to return it to the king of England and say that 
the beggar was St John the Evangelist, 

Most of the pictures of the coronation in the illustrated 
papers were lively fictions with very little accuracy in 
them. Several of these pictures were drawn a consider- 
able time before the Coronation took place. Many 
depicted the Archbishop of Canterbury in the cope worn 
by Archbishop. Manners Sutton in 1838. In several the 
Dean of Westminster appeared holding the Crown on 
a cushion, which was in fact done by the Subdean owing 
to the* Deans great age. One shevved the king taking 
with his own hand the bread off the paten at the 
Communion. Several others represented occurrences 
which never took place at all. I have not yet seen one- 
picture which has any claim to accuracy in the matter. 

It is interesting to notice the close parallel between 
the Coronation Service and that for the consecration of 
a bishop. If anyone will take the trouble to compare 
the services he will find that in word and structure they 
are much alike. Formerly bishops were anointed, 
vested with gloves, and presented with a ring. The 
sceptre corresponds to the crozier, the crown to the 
mitre, the Colobium Sindonis to the Alb, the Supertunica 
to the Dalmatick, the Armilla to the Stole, the Imperial 
Mantle to the Cope. The Presentation of the Bible to 
the King was added to the Service after the Reforma- 
tion, no doubt for the reason that a Bible is presented 

58 De^ Coronatione, 

to a bishop at his consecration. In short, as the chronicle 
says of Henry VI, '^they rayde hym lyke as a byshop 
shuld saye messe with dalmatyck and a stole about hys 
neke. And also as hosyn and shone and copjs and 
gloves lyke a byshop." 

Anriidst all this that is old the main features of the 
Coronation Order are older still. There are people who 
say that ours is the oldest Coronation Order in the 
world, but on the other hand the French Coronation 
Order puts forth a similar claim. Certainly from one 
or other of these two are derived all the other Coronation 
Orders. Originally the only kings who had a right to 
be crowned and anointed were those of England, 
France, Jerusalem, and The Empire. The earliest 
existing English Coronation Order is that of Archbishop 
Egbert of York, which is eleven hundred years old, 
and probably represented what was the established 
custom of the period. Now that Kings of France are 
no longer crowned at Rheims there is no other country 
that can shew the like of Westminster Abbey, where 
our kings have always been crowned since Harold the 
last Saxon sovereign. 

The long delay between the death of Queen Victoria 
and the Coronation of Edward VII was bad. If the 
Coronation is not to become first a meaningless pageant, 
and then a thing of the past, it must take place early 
in the reign. The delay is an entirely unnecessary 
modern innovation. Richard III was crowned ten 
days after his accession, Edward III eleven days, 
Henry IV a fortnight, Henry V and Edward VI three 
weeks, and so on. Queen Anne only waited ten days 
after William Ill's funeral. Obviously it is not easy 
to realise the use of "sacring" a king who has 
exercised his regal functions for more than a year. 
And yet, if the service is not a mere show, it is a 
solemn ceremony of deep religious import for the 
blessing of the new king and the hallowing of him for 
his office. 

De CotQnaiidne, 59 

Finally consider some of the actual words of the 
service. In the order for this Coronation some excellent 
omissions were made, but it was a pity to leave out the 
beautiful prayer used at Queen Victoria's Coronation 
at the time of the Oblation beginning, ''O God who 
dwellest in the high and holy place with them also that 
are of an humble spirit." The Benediction of the King 
was undoubtedly weakened by the omission of the 
paragraph, "The Lord make your days many, your 
reign prosperous, your fleets and armies victorious: 
and may you be reverenced and beloved by all your 
subjects, and ever increase in favour with God and 
man." What on the other hand could be finer than the 
words at the delivery of the Orb, " And when you see 
this Orb set under the Cross remember that the whole 
world is subject to the power and empire of Christ our 
Redeemer." Or the words when the Archbishop gives 
the King the Sceptre of Mercy, " Be so merciful that 
you be not too remiss ; so execute justice that you forget 
not Mercy. Punish the wicked, protect and cherish the 
just, and lead your people in the way wherein they 
should go." Or after the crowning, " Be strong and 
play the man." And lastly the famous words, "Our 
Gracious King ; we present you with this Book, the 
most valuable thing this world affords. Here is 
Wisdom ; This is the Royal Law ; These are the lively 
Oracles of God." 

J. W. R. 


Two stars presided at my birth, 
Diverse as Heaven and Hell : 

One boded gloom, the other mirth. 
With interwoven spell. 

One bade to austere virtues turn. 

And rigid codes of right : 
One made the wanton senses burn 

To prove all earth's delight. 

One lured me o'er the dreaming foam 

To isles of far romance: 
One bound me in the narrow home 

Of trivial circumstance. 

And still, when fancy longs to make 

Of life what life might be, 
And prison'd nature pines to break 

Her fetters and be free. 

This mask of custom veils my face. 
And scruple chains my will : 

The burden of the common place 
Is on my spirit still. 




lALBUS was building a wall.' There are 
few men, I think, who are unfamiliar 
with that little sentence. Most of us 
perhaps have painful recollections of it. It 
is connected in our minds with a difficult language, 
constructed on principles diametrically opposed to the 
rules of common sense; which was forced into our 
unwilling brains by uncomprehending tyrants, who did 
not blush to back up moral suasion by physical violence ; 
whose minds were innocent of logic, and their eyes 
incapable of seeing things in their true proportions. 

But does it suggest to no man any other thought ? 
Is there none who will pause to think : Who was 
Balbus? What did he do to obtain to such fame? 
What sort of wall did he build ? 

I have never heard the question asked. Yet surely 
there must be some who are interested. Some gentler 
souls who will be glad to linger for a little to hear the 
story of a simple heart ; that lived a simple life, with 
but one thought, one purpose, one aim ; and which was 
rewarded at the last with a fame, of which it had never 

Where Balbus dwelt has never been exactly 
ascertained. But it was somewhere in sunny Italy; 
the land that he loved so well, and never left even for 
a day. Here he had a little cot and a vineyard ; and 
he kept a couple of goats, and some bees, and of course 
a few fowls. And here he dwelt in perfect content all 
his peaceful life and here he built his wall. 

62 Balbus. 

No one has yet discovered why Balbus built the 
wall. Hardly for himself; for his little farm required 
no wall, and he would have been better employed 
milking his goats, or feeding the pig, or pressing his 
grapes, or even kissing Mrs Balbus for that matter. 
Nor does it seem likely that anyone else in the neighbour- 
hood wanted a wall either, and if they had, it would 
not have been one of Balbus' fancy walls, but an 
ordinary workaday wall, which they would run up 
themselves in a couple of days. However, doubtless 
he had his reasons. 

Each morning Balbus would set out through the 
blazing sunshine — for he took his time over breakfast, 
and did not start as a rule till the sun was well up — to 
the place where his wall was building. And when he 
arrived, he would sit down on a patch of soft moss, 
that he knew well, and carefully scrutinize his handi- 
work, to see how it had stood the night ; or if anyone 
had leaned against it ; or, in short, if any of the 
misfortunes that lie in wait for walls had overtaken it. 
And when his anxious soul was satisfied that all was 
well, he would take a stone — not too heavy a one— and 
balance it in his hand, and look at it with his head 
on one side. Then with his hammer, he would chip a 
bit ofiF one end ; then he would examine it again. 
When he had it to his mind, he would get up 
and try it on the wall, this way and that; and 
then upside down, and bottomside up ; now on one 
end, then on the other; and in fact in every way in 
which it is possible to put a stone on a wall. And at 
last he would be satisfied ; and would proceed with 
equal care to plaster it in its place. 

So that you will see at once that there was nothing 
ramshackle or slipshod about this wall that was being 
built ; but that everything was done orderly, with due 

And then perhaps a wayfarer would pass by, and 
stop to speak to Balbus. And Balbus would greet him 

Balbu^, 63 

heartily; and then discourse very wisely of walls. 
How, if you would build a wall, first you must set up a 
stone, and upon it then lay another, and so on, till the 
wall was finished. But contrariwise, if you would pull 
down your wall, you first take away the top stone, and 
afterwards that which is beneath, and so till all is done. 
With much other converse of the same kind. 

Then, when the stranger had recollected that he 
had business elsewhere and had gone away, thinking 
that Balbus was a very shrewd fellow, Balbus himself 
would remain for a time gazing at the wall, and 
thinking what a noble wall it would be when it was 
finished. This pleasant reverie was always broken 
into by the little Balbi, who came every day with their 
father s dinner, which Balba had cooked herself, and 
wrapped up neatly in a blue handkerchief with large 
yellow spots on it, of which Balbus was very proud. 

I do not know what Balbus used to have for lunch. 
Probably it vJ3iS patient ei circenses^ of which the Roman 
people were very fond — as you will see if you turn to 
your Roman histories — so much so, that they used to 
go about the streets shouting for them. And I have 
no doubt that both would be of the very best ; home- 
made of course, and prepared with loving care by 
Balba s plump and clever fingers. 

And while he ate these good things, slowly and 
carefully you may be sure, and chewing each 
mouthful thirty-two times — and that's not so easy 
as you might think — the little ones rushed off" to the 
wall to admire it, with their little mouths wide open, 
wondering if they would ever be able to build walls 
like father could. Then they would go and play at 
building walls ; and Balbus, after he had had a good 
nap, would resume his work. 

And so the day passed peacefully and happily; and 
in the evening, as the sun was going down with his red 
face — like a jolly old gentleman who has done his 
work, and is enjoying his leisure and his port — Balbus 

64 Balbus, 

and the little ones would be met by Balba at the garden 
gate, and she always kissed him, and hung on his arm 
and adored him, because she thought he was the best 
fellow in the world, and built such splendid walls, 
better than anybody else round those parts. 

I can tell you little more about Balbus' daily life. 
For it was so peaceful, and happy, and monotonous, 
that the breezy go-a-head people of to-day would find it 
very dull to read about. But he went on from day to 
day, and year to year in the same way, thinking more 
and more about his wall ; until at last it was finished ; 
and then poor Balbus was so lost without it, that he 
went and died straight away; and Balba buried him, 
with ham you may be sure, and did everything in the 
most genteel way. And then, when it was all over, 
she suddenly found that she wasn't wanted any more, 
and so she died too. And after that the little Balbi 
went away, so that only the Wall was left. 

Well, all this time the wall had stayed in the same 
place, and grown stronger and stronger. For the 
stones settled down ; ivy and lichens grew on them and 
bound them together — for Balbus, though he had had 
a splendid eye for a wall, never seemed to get the trick 
of mixing mortar— and, what with one thing and 
another, it became quite a solid wall, that you could 
lean on for hours together and be quite safe. And little 
lizards came and lived in it, and basked in the sunshine 
on it, and at night went into the crannies of it to sleep. 
And if they did not think it a very fine wall, it was 
because lizards never think of anything at all, except 
their stomachs. But as time went on, people forgot 
Balbus and his building; and ceased to think about 
his wall ; and in a few more years, it was just looked 
upon as an old wall, of no use to anyone, no better than 
any other walls. And so though it may be standing 
to this day, it is lost, irrecoverably lost. And we think 
of it just as we think of the ten tribes of Israel, or the 
missing books of Euclid, except that we are sorry about 

BalbuS. 65 

it. And so a splendid model of wall building and 21 
shining example of single hearted perseverance is lost 
to the world. 

But strange to say, the children of Balbus had talked 
and boasted so much, in the places they had gone to, 
about their father's wall, that it had become quite 
proverbial. And a man would say * I am going to have 
a dinner like the wall of Balbus,' not meaning to impute 
want of ski)l to his cook, but merely that it was to be 
the very best dinner that could be cooked. And the 
ones that had travelled, used to pretend they had seen 
it, and used to talk about it with very long words, and 
shake their heads, and roll their eyes, so that every- 
body, who heard them, was inSamed with admiration 
of the wall, and curiosity to see it. But no one of course 
had really seen it; for the Balbi used to change the 
subject, when they were asked, and pretend that they 
couldn't bear to talk about it. 

Their reason was, that, though they almost believed 
their own stories by this time, they were not quite sure ; 
and they thought they would look so foolish if it turned 
out to be only an ordinary wall. But really they need 
not have been afraid, for everybody had gone so far 
in admiration of the wall, that they would have been 
obliged, for their own sake, to find it perfect ; even if it 
were no better than a wire fence. 

And so the fame of it grew, and grew, and spread 
all over the world ; and at last it was put into the 
Latin grammars, that all men might read ; and know 
v^ho Balbus was and what a great wall he built. 

And this is the true story of Balbus and his wall ; 
and if you don't like it you had better write a truer one 



[The Rev Canon McCormIck has kindly sent to the Editors 
some examples of the Undergraduate Skits of the late Mr 
Samuel Butler, author of Etrvohon^ whose obituary appears in 
this number. We give two specimens of these efforts and hope 
lo give others in future numbers of The Eagle^ 


I see a warrior 'neatli a willow tree; 

His arms are folded, and his full fixed eye 

Is gazing on the sky. The evening breeze 

Blows on him from the sea, and a great storm 

Is rising. Not the storm nor evening breeze, 

Nor the dark sea, nor the sun's parting beam 

Can move him ; for in yonder sky he sees 

The picture of his life : in yonder clouds 

That rush each towards other he beholds 

The mighty wars that he himself hath waged. 

Blow on him mighty storm; beat on him rain; 

You cannot move his folded arms nor turn 

His gaze one second from the troubled sky. 

Hark to the thunder! To him it is not thunder: 

It is the noise of battles and the din 

Of cannons on the field of Austerlitz. 

The sky to him is the whole world disturbed 

By war, and rumours of great wars. 

He tumbled like a thunderbolt from Heaven 

Upon the startled earth, and as he came 

Ihe round world leapt from out her usual course 

Napohoft at St Helena, 67 

And thought her time was come. Beat on him rain 
And roar about him Oh! thou voice of thunder. 
But what are ye to him ? Oh ! more to him 
Than all besides. To him ye are himself 
He knows it and your voice is lovely to him. 

The storm is over : one terrific crash 
Hath brought the warfare to a close, 
Now, now he feels it, and he turns away. 
His arms are now unfolded, and his hands 
Pressed to his face conceal a warrior's tears. 
He flings himself upon the springing grass 
And weeps in agony. 

See again he rises. 
His brow is calm and all his tears are gfone* 
The vision now is ended, and he saith, 
**Thou storm art hushed for ever. Not again 
Shall thy great voice be heard. Unto thy rest 
Thou goest, never^ never to return. 
I thank thee, that for one brief hour alone 
Thou hast my bitter agonies assuaged, 
Another storm may scare the frightened Heavens^ 
Another like to me may rise and fill> 
The elements with terror. I alas! 
Am blotted out as though I had not been ; 
And am become as though I was not born. 
My day is over and my night is come — 
A night which brings no rest, nor quiet dreams^ 
Nor calm reflections, nor repose from toil, 
But pain and sorrow, anguish never ceasing. 
With dark uncertainty, despair and pain,. 
And death's wide gate before me. 

Fare ye well \ 
The sky is clear and the world at rest 
Thou storm and I have but too much in common." 

68 The Shuld of Achilles. 

With variations. 

And in it he placed the Fitzwilliam, and King's College 
Chapel, and the lofty towered church of the Great Saint 
Mary which looketh towards the Senate House, and 
King's Parade and Trumpington Road, and the Pitt 
Press, and the divine opening of the Market Square, 
and the beautiful flowing fountain which formerly 
Hobson laboured to make skilful art; him did his father 
beget in the many publichoused Trumpington, from a 
slavey mother, and taught him blameless works : and 
he on the other hand springing up like a young shoot, 
and many beautifully matched horses did he nourish in 
his stable, which used to convey his rich possessions to 
London, and the various cities of the world; but often- 
times did he let them them out to others, and whenso- 
ever anyone was desirous of hiring one of the long- 
tailed horses he took them in order, so that the labour 
was equal to all ; wherefore do men now speak of the 
renowned Hobson : and in it he placed the close of the 
divine Parker and many beautiful undergraduates were 
delighting their tender minds upon it playing cricket 
with one another ; and a match was being played, and 
two umpires were quarrelling with one another; the one 
saying that the batsman who was playing was out, and 
the other declaring with all his might that he was not, 
and while they two were contending, reviling one another 
with abusive language, a ball c^me and hit one of them 
on the nose, and the blood flowed out in a stream and 
darkness was covering his eyes, but the rest were crying 
out on all sides, "shy it up," and could not for him; 
him then was his companion addressing with scornful 
words : " Arnold, why dost though strive with me, since 
I am much wiser? Did not I see his leg before the 
wicket and rightly declare him to be out ? Thee then 
has Zeus now punished according to thy deserts, and I 

The Shield of Achilles. 69 

will seek some other umpire of the game equally partici- 
pated in by both sides." And in it he placed the Cam, 
and many boats equally rowed on both sides were going 
up and down on the bosom of the deep rolling river, and 
the coxswains were cheering on the men, for they were 
going to enter the contest of the scratched fours, and 
three men were rowing together in a boat, strong and 
stout, and determined in their hearts that they would 
either first break a blood vessel or earn for themselves the 
electroplated - Birmingham- manufactured - magnificence 
of a pewter to stand on their hall tables in memorial of 
their strength, and from time to time drink from it the 
exhilarating streams of beer whensoever their dear heart 
should compel them, but the fourth was weak and 
unequally matched with the others, and the coxswain 
was encouraging him and called him byname and spake 
cheering words — " Smith, when thou hast begun the 
contest be not flurried nor strive too hard against thy fate, 
look at the back of the man before thee and row with as 
much strength as the Fates have given thee, neither 
loose thine oar, but hold it tight with thy hands." 


*' You are old, Father William," the young man said, 
** And your hair has become very white ; 
And yet you incessantly stand on your head — 
Do you think, at your age, it is right ? " 

" In my youth," Father William replied to his son, 

" I feared it might injure the brain ; 
"But now that I'm perfectly sure I have none, 

"Why, I do it again and again." 

" You are old," said the youth, as I mentioned before, 
" And have grown most uncommonly fat ; 

"Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door — 
" Pray, what is the reason of that ? " 

" In my youth," said the sage, as he shook his grey locks, 

" I kept all my limbs very supple 
" By the use of this ointment — one shilling the box — 

" Allow me to sell you a couple." 

" You are old," said the youth, " and your jaws are too 
" For anything tougher than suet ; 
"Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the 
beak — 
" Pray, how did you manage to do it ? " 

" In my youth," said his father, " I took to the law, 

" And argued each case with my wife ; 
" And the muscular strength, which it gave to my jaw, 

" Has lasted the rest of my life." 

"You are old," said the youth, "one would hardly 

" That your eye was as steady as ever ; 
" Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose — 

" What made you so awfully clever ? 

" I have answered three questions, and that is enough," 
Said his father ; " don't give yourself airs ! 

" Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff ? 
" Be off, or I'll kick you downstairs ! " 

— Alice in H^onierUnd 


'* Jamdudum, Gulielme pater, grandaevus es," inquit 

Filius, "et nimium Candida facta coma'st ; 
"At capiti persaepe soles insistere summo — 

"An mos aetati congruit iste tuaB ? " 
" Ne quid forte mail cerebrum juvenile timebam 

" Ex positu tali tunc pateretur," ait ; 
"Nunc mihi quum cerebri constet nihil esse, quid obstat 

"Haud intermissA quominus arte fruarr" 
"Factus es," ille refert, " grandaevus, ut ante notavi, 

" Et par prodigio jam tibi crevit adeps ; 
" Attamen aversus saluisti in tecta rotanti 

" Corpore ; quas facti, die age, causa fuit ? " 
" Membra," pater dixit jactans per tempora canos, 

" Mollia curabam semper habere puer ; 
" Ecce unguen ! — sunt haec obolis narthecia senis — 

"Da mihi jam causft vendere bina tu^." 
"Firma parum'st tibi mala, senex," respondit lulus, "| 

" Ut nihil SLrvink durius esse queas ; 
" Ossa comedisti tamen et simul ansere rostrum — 

"Die age, qui facti, callide, compos eras ? " 
"Rhetoricis studui," dixit pater, "artibus olim, 

" Omnia cum nuptd disseruique med ; 
" Hactenus setatem nervi valuere per omnem, 

"Quos usus malis addidit ille meis." 
"Numne, senex, eadem constantia," dixit lulus, 

" Restat adhuc oculis, quae fuit ante, tuis ? 
" Attamen anguillam libristi in vertice nasi — 

" Unde potens tantae calliditatis eras ? " 
"Ter tibi respondi, nee opus jam plura," locutus 

Est pater ; " hinc fastus, improbe, pone tuos ; 
" Mene diem totum nugis consumere ? abito 

" Ne per praecipites dejiciare gradus " 

J. H. L. 


HAVE seen in recent copies of The Eagle 
letters from men at the front descriptive 
of their experiences in the now closed 
South African campaign. A few weeks 
ago I spent a few days at Trichinopoly, and whilst 
there I took advantage of the opportunity to visit 
the Boer Camp. The country round Trichy is flat with 
here and there masses of rock rising from the plain. 
The camp is situated on this plain about three and a 
half miles to the south of Trichy on the Puducottah 
road. The camp is oblong in shape. The Puducottah 
road forms the eastern boundary, and on the northern 
side are the barracks of the British troops (Lincolns) 
forming the escort ; on the western side are the officers* 
quarters and on the southern side are the lines of the 
native regiments that are on duty. Within this outer 
camp is the enclosure, the Boer camp proper. This is 
fenced in with a wire entanglement about eight feet 
high, and it looked as if he would be a clever or a 
daring man who attempted to get over it or through it. 
All round this enclosure at a distance of about three 
yards from the wire fencing is a raised pathway on 
which sentries tread day and night. All round too is 
a series of powerful arc lights, which make night like 
day. It seemed to me that the men there must have 
felt some difficulty in going to sleep at night owing to 
the intensity of the light, but I suppose they got used 
to it. The pathway round the enclosure goes by the 
name of "Birdcage Walk." The streets between the 

A Visii to a Boer Camp in India, 73 

Boer quarters and the quarters of the escort have also 
received names, such as Victoria Parade, King Edward 
Street, and Alexandra Square. The buildings for the 
troops and prisoners are made of matting and thatch* 
They are in the form of long huts, the sides of which are 
made of plaited grass mats, the supports being bamboos. 
The roof is made of thatch. The sides or walls are 
about seven feet high : the roof comes over the side of 
the wall and forms a small verandah all round, and the 
roof is built at such a height that between the wall and 
roof there is a clear space of a couple of feet. Inasmuch 
as the roof projects over to form a verandah this space 
lets in air but does not let in sun and rain. The 
oflScers' quarters are rather better in that the walls of 
most of their houses are of brick, and in some cases the 
roofs are of corrugated iron. Store-rooms and cook- 
houses are built of brick and roofed with corrugated 
iron. Personally I should think that the thatched 
houses are cooler than those roofed with corrugated 
iron. The buildings are of course of a temporary 
nature, but it seems to me that no one ought to grumblo 
at the nature of Ihem considering the purpose for which 
they were intended. The enclosure for the prisoners is 
is about 1550 yards long and 350 broad : it contains 
twenty large huts, each of which will accommodate 
50 prisoners, three huts for officers, a large corrugated 
iron shed and a large plot for a recreation ground. 
The iron shed is used as a church, school, and recreatioa 
room. At the time I visited the camp there were 
almost 1000 prisoners in residence. For some time the 
Boer prisoner was belter treated in the way of rations 
than the British soldier who formed his escort, for in 
addition to the ordinary ration of a British soldier he 
drew extra bread and such luxuries as cofiTee, jam and 
milk; of late the same rations have been served to 
troops and prisoners alike. Water for the camp is 
supplied from the Trichy main. About three-quarters 
of a mile nearer Trichy is the central jail, and this is, 

74 '^ Visit to a Boer Camp in India, 

supplied with water from the Trichy main. At the 
entrance to the jail the main was tapped and the water 
for the camp pumped from there to the camp. The 
camp was lighted throughout by electricity, ttoo power-? 
ful engines being used to generate the supply. 

There can be little doubt that the prisoners found 
time hang heavy on their hands, but considerable 
trouble and effort was taken to keep them from dyings 
of ennui. A large plot of ground was allotted within 
the enclosure for a football ground and the necessary 
apparatus was provided for the games. Many indoor 
games were provided, and a school-master was appointed 
to teach such as wished to learn. In the hotter part 
pf the day .when they could not go out and play, the 
prisoners spent their time in wood carving and in 
inaking models and toys. The commonest form of toy 
made was a puzzle box, the opening of which caused 
9. cobra to dart out and prick the opener. Some of 
these were very cleverly made, but the quality deteri-? 
orated, those made latterly being much inferior to those 
made just after the prisoners had arrived. Was this 
the result of the depressing effect of imprisonment? 
A rough kind of photo frame was also a common form 
of ornament made by the Boers. When I visited the 
place peace had been declared and the men were no 
}onger strict prisoners within the enclosure. All were 
allowed to go out as they wished, and they wandered 
over the neighbourhood and into Trichy itself. They 
had of course to be in at night, but if they went away 
it was at their own risk. If they stayed Government 
would provide a free passage back to South Africa, if 
they escaped they did not know what might happei) 
to them. 

The prisoners seemed a rough set of men on the 
ivhole. The majority of them were farmers or farni 
}iands, and very few of them were pure Dutch, far the 
greater portion of them having mixed blood in their 
Tfilis. Most of them had been in captivity for oyer ^ 

A Visii to a Boer Camp iii India. 75 

year and the enforced idleness had had its effect upon 
them. A chaplain told me that many of the men had 
told him they were sick df doing nothing, and they 
wanted to get back home and to work again. They 
seemed very listless and indiflFerent. I do not think it 
is an exaggeration to say that nine out of every ten 
Boers that one met were dressed in their pyjamas, and 
it gave them a most disreputable appearance. Tommy 
Atkins was as smart and spruce as could be and th6 
Boer by comparison looked most disreputable. It was 
quite a study to behold them, for they were of all ages 
from 14 to 70 and there were many different casts of 
countenance. There were a goodly number who had 
the typical stolid Dutch face, and their complexion was 
as pasty as could be. These men were as a rule heavy 
in build too. Another comn^on type of face was a face 
resembling that of the well-known Captain Kettle ; the 
beard and moustaches were not kept so neatly trimmed 
as that gentleman's are usually represented to be, but 
his is the type of face. Some were ruddy in countenance 
and others were swarthy. They certainly did not look 
a happy lot, but under the circumstances one can make 
allowance for that. The prisoners at Trichy had not 
been too well behaved before the declaration of peace 
and so their confinement had been somewhat strict. 
Freedom has, however, made a difference to them, and 
the thought of going home soon to join their families 
in South Africa has cheered them considerably. A 
number of these Boers passed through Madras on their 
Way to South Africa a week ago, and they seemed 
altogether a different set of men from the Boer in con- 
finement. They were as happy and as rollicking as 
could well be and their joy was unmistakeable and 
unbounded. Not all of those who came as prisoners 
will return to their oWn land again, for some are buried 
here in India. It was pathetic to see in a little ceme- 
tery stones erected to the memory of those who had 
died, here a Botha, there a Villiers, prisoners of war. 

76 A Vtsil to a Boer Camp in India, 

away from home and kin, dead in the prime of theif 

There were not wanting those who, when the 
question of sending Boer prisoners to India was first 
mooted, declared that ic was a shameful and barbarous 
proceeding. A good deal of that outcry was hysterical 
and misleading. The men who came to India have been 
well treated and they will go back to South Africa with 
a much better idea of the power of the British raj than 
they have ever had before, and I expect that in a few 
years time they will boast of the world-wide empire to 
which they now belong. It has also been a revelation 
to the native of this country. The ordinary native does 
not know much of what is taking place outside his own 
village, but the presence of these camps has been a 
source of information, wonder and profit to the native, 
and he too will have a clearer idea of the power of 



|INCE the end of the Summer Term our organ 

has been in the hands of the builders : it is 

now completed, and was re-opened on 

November 4th. Before we proceed to an 

account of the ceremony on that day, it may be of 

interest to our readers to know the history of the fine 

instrument now standing in our College Chapel. 

The list of College Benefactors drawn up in 1528 
tells us that ^'Sondry and diuers marchauntes in 
London gave emongst theyme X" r;£io) towards the 
buyeing of the newest orgaynes." This organ was 
placed in the room over Bishop Fisher's chantry, which 
was built between 1525 and 1533. That room, when 
secularised, was described in the Prizing Books as 
"called the organ chamber." Moreover, when the 
organ is referred to in our Audit book of 1557, it is 
called the "orgaines in the queere." Baker tells us 
that in the Mastership of one of the Pilkingtons, 
1559-1564, this room was converted into an 'apartment 
for the advantage of the Master.' Either the organ 
then displaced the Rood, or the College was for a time 
without one. 

In 1635 the famous Robert Dallam, of Westminster, 
built a new "payre of orgaines," the specification of 
which comprised 

" one principall of tynne in sight 
„ recorder of wood 
„ fourth principall of tynne 
„ two and twentieth of tynne," 

78 The Chapel Organ. 

and for this work he was "well and truly paid nine! 
score and five pounds of lawful money of the realm." 

In 1839, for a cost of about ;^8oo, Messrs Hill built 
a new organ (some of the Dallam organ may have 
been incorporated*): the scheme is given in Rimbault 
and Hopkin's work on the Organ, and included 10 stops 
on the Great organ, 6 on the Choir, 9 on the Swell, one 
Pedal Open Diapason (to FFF, 24ft.), and 3 manual 

In 1869 Messrs Hill and Son rebuilt and considerably 
enlarged the organ of 1839, ^^ make it suitable for the 
new chapel, which was consecrated on May 12th of that 
year: the list of stops was very much as it remains 
now, and consisted of Great organ 16 stops, Swell 13, 
Choir 10, Pedal 9, Tremulant and 6 couplers, and 
6 combination pedals. Messrs Hill again made a few 
additions in 1889, which cost ;^59o: these included the 
Pedal Dulciana (a most useful, and comparatively rare, 
open metal stop of i6ft. pitch), and considerable 
alterations to the action, comprising the application of 
the pneumatic lever to the Great and Swell, tubular 
pneumatic action to the Pedal and drawstop work : one 
combination pedal was also added to the Swell, and 
finally a new hydraulic engine to supply the wind for 
the pneumatics. In the Christmas vacation of the same 
year, by the munificence of a distinguished member of 
the College, the present double oak front was erected r 
further additons to the lower part of the case work were 
made in 1892, with a view to checking 'sundry groanings 
and noises ' which issued from the inside of the organ. 

* The twa oldest stops in the present organ (both beautHul in tone, though 
very fragile) are the Choir Open Diapason and Dalciana (8ft.). A sample of 
metal taken from the former, on chemical analysis, shewed the following 
composition { ?* / -5 P**^ ^e ^ ^^ ^j^.^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ Dallam's original 

organ, then Mr Dallam's "principall of tynne" must be pronounced 
decidedly ' leaden ' : if on the other hand, it belongs to Messrs HiU's organ of 
1839— then comment is needless ! 

The Chapil Organ, 79 

For some time past Hill's action was felt to be 
Intolerably noisy, and destroyed all pleasure iti playing * 
the instrun^enty especially in soft passages : indeed the 
♦sundry groanings and noises' referred to above were 
indications that this grave defect was noticed at least 
as far back as 1892: the reeds also were harsh and 
uneven, though the magnificent acoustic properties of 
the chapel largely cloaked these and other defects : it 
is fair, however, to add that most of the soft flue stops 
and the diapasons were of beautiful tone. In addition 
to these disadvantages, the larger of the two hydraulic 
engines was getting worn out, and — perhaps the most 
pressing of the organ's needs — a thorough cleaning of 
the whole instrument was wanted, the latter process not 
having been indulged in for 33 years. At the beginning 
of the summer term 1902, therefore, the College Council 
decided that these evils must be remedied, and at the 
same time, to make the work complete, it was resolved 
entirely to revoice the organ, to put the more powerful 
reeds on heavy pressure wind, to enlarge the swell box 
(in which the pipes were so crowded as to make proper 
tuning impossible), and to improve the general balance 
of tone. Finally, in addition to the new tubular 
pneumatic action throughout, the organ was to have 
pew manual and pedal keyboards, one or two more 
combination pedals, and 10 pneumatic pistons — the 
last a most useful addition to so large an organ. 

Immediately, then, after the last service in the 
summer term, Messrs Norman and Beard set to work, 
^nd their staflF worked hard for about five months, the 
Chapel choir meanwhile, to their great advantage, 
having to sing without accompaniment all through 
the long vacation and during several weeks of tha 
Michaelmas term. These unaccompanied services have 
proved so satisfactory that it has been decided to con- 
tinue them for the future on alternate Satvirday evenings 
during term. 

So The Chapel Organ^ 

The work of rebuilding the organ took rather longer 
than was anticipated, owing to the unexpected difficulties 
arising from time to time, but the instrument was at 
last ready for use by Tuesday, November 4th, when Sir 
Walter Parratt, Master of the King's Musick, most 
kindly consented to give an inaugural recital, preceded 
by a short service, the details of which are hero givea^ 

0v&ier of ^ermce^ 


(The Responses, to Tallis*s festal setting.) 

PSALM CXXII, Chant: Dr. Garrett. 

PSALM CL. Chant: Pelham Humphreys, 

LESSON, Revelation v. 6. 

ANTHEM. Psalm xcvi. 
** Ascribe unto the Lord." S. S. Wesley. 


®rgan 'glecifaC 

By sir WALTER PARRATT, M.V.O., Mus. Doc, 
Master of the King's Musick, 

I. Andante Rrligioso •... Liszi 

1. Prelude and Fuoub in C major .... J, 8, Bach 

3. Musette .... Dandruu 

4. Pastorale : Nun danket alle Gott .... Herzogenberg 

5. Fantasia in G major Hubert Party 

6. Choral Vorspiel : O Welt, Ich muss dich lassen Brahms 

(his last composition) 

7. Fantasia and Toccata .... Professor Stanford 

The Chapel OfgaH. 


[Originally built in 1635 by Robert Dallam^ of Westminiter : j'e-built iit 
1839 by Messrs Hill (some of Dallam':* work was XQCorporated and still 
remains): further alteralions and additions made by the same firm in 1868 and 
also in 1889: finally rebuilt in 1902 by Messrs Norman and Beard.] 





(16 sounding stops) 

Double Open Diapason ... 16 ft. 
Open Diapason (large) .... 8 „ 
Open Diapason (medium), i 8 „ 
Open Diapason (small). ... 8 „ 

Stopped Diapason 8 „ 

HohlFlotc 8 „ 

Quint 6 „ 

Harmonic Flute 4 „ 

Gem^horn 4 „ 

Piincipal 4 „ 

Twelfth 3 „ 

FiAeenth 2 ,, 

Full Mixture 3 ranks 

Sharp Mixture 4 „ 

Posaunc (harmonic) ...... 8 ft, 

Claiion (harmonic) 

(14 sounding stops), 

18. Lieblich Gedackt 16 ft. 

19. Open Diapason 8 ,, 

to. Stopped Diapason ..<...« 8 ,| 

21. Pierced Gam ba 8 u 

22. Echo Dulciana 8 „ 

23. Vox Angelica 8 ,, 

24- l-'lutc 4 M 

25. Principal ,., 4 ,, 

25. Fifteenth ....2 „ 

27. Sesqnialtera 4 ranks 

38. Double trumpet 16 ft. 

29. Horn 8 ,, 

30. Hauiboy 8 „ 

31. Clarion 4 ,| 

32. Tremulant 

1 7-* Great Reeds to Choir 

*By this contrivance the Great organ reeds, which are voiced on heavy 
pressure wind, can be transferred to the Choir organ for solo Tuba effects^ 



(10 sounding stops). 

Doable Dulciana 16 ft. 

Open Diapason 8 „ 

Dulciana 8 ,, 

Stopped Diapason.. 8 „ 

Viol di Gamba 8 „ 

Suabe Flute (open wood). . 4 ,, 
Gedackt Flute (stopped 

meUl) 4 „ 

Principal ...<< 4 1, 

Flageolet 2 ,1 

Crem> na 8 „ 

(11 sounding stops). 



Great Stopped Bass 32 f^< 

Great Bass (open wood) 16 „ 

Violon ^ooil) , . 16 „ 

Double Dulciana (metal) 16 ,, 

Lieblich Bourdon 16 „ 

Flute Bass 8 „ 

Principal.... 8 „ 

Fifteenth 4 „ 

Mixture 3 ranks 

Great Trombone 16 ft. 

Trumpet 8 ,, 



Swell to Great 
Choir „ „ 
Swell Choir 


Swell to Pedal 
Great „ „ 
Choir ., ,, 

There are 11 composition pedals, and 10 pneumatic pistons: 5 to the 

Great organ, 4 to the Swell, and a reversible piston to No 58. Messrs 

Norman and Beard's tubular pneumatic patent is applied to all the mechanism, 

except the manual to pedal coupling action. The reeds, except the Hauiboy, 


82 The Chapel Organ. 

Cremona, and Pedal Trumpet, arc on heavy pressure wind. The wiiid 

pressures are : — 

Manual flue work, Cremona, and Hautboy . . 3} ins 

Pedal flue work and Trumpet 3} m 

Swell Reeds 6 „ 

Great Reeds 8 „ 

Action and Pedal Trombone S| »» 

The Organ is blown by 3 hydraulic engines, two of which are new. Tlie 
pedal board is Wiili2>*s pattern. There is a balanced swell pedal. 

We may now fairly congratulate ourselves on possess- 
ing a fine instrument, worthy of our Chapel. Practically 
every stop may be used with good effect, singly or in 
any combination : the purity, brilliancy, and evenness 
of the reeds especially (largely due to the heavy wind 
pressure now supplied to them) places our organ first 
of the older organs in Cambridge, and the tone through- 
out, from the softest and most delicate stop to the 
loudest combinations, is uniformly beautiful. The six 
stop-knobs that are actually new are : — the Hohl Fl5te on 
the Great organ, a most useful and delightful 8ft. solo 
stop ; the Lieblich Bourdon on the Pedal, a very soft 
stop of 16ft. tone, which has been also utilised to com- 
plete the bass of the Choir Double Dulciana ; the Echo 
Dulciana on the Swell (the softest stop in the organ), 
which has been obtained by dividing the two ranks of 
the old Voix Celestes; the Tremulant, before worked 
by a pedal ; the coupler Great reeds to Choir ; and the 
Choir to Great coupler, which has been substituted for 
the old Swell octave coupler. It will be seen at once 
that, though our organ possesses but three manuals, 
nevertheless most of the desirable effects of a four- 
manual instrument can be obtained, without the expense 
of a fourth key-board. The unusual completeness of 
each department. Great, Swell, Choir, and Pedal, which 
we owe to the late Dr Garrett's scheme, is now brought 
into due prominence by the signal success of the 
revoicing carried out by Messrs Norman and Beard, 
who by their artistic work during recent years have 
placed themselves in the front rank of English organ- 
builders. C. B. ROOTHAM. 

Samuel Butler B.A. 

Samuel Butler, who died on the i8th of June 1902, at a 
nursing home in St John's Wood, London, was born on the 
4lh of December 1835, at the Rectory, Langar, near Bingham 
in Nottinghamshire. His father was the Rev Thomas Butler, 
then Rector of Langar, afterwards one of the Canons of Lincoln 
Cathedra], and his- grandfather was Dr. Butler the famous 
Headmaster of Shrewsbury School, afterwards Bishop of Lich- 
field. His mother was Fanny Worsley, daughter of a sugar- 
reiiner of BristoL 

His childhood and early youth were spent at home among 
the surroundings of an English country rectory, and his edu- 
cation was begun by his father who was a pupil of Dr Butler,, 
a Johnian, seveath classic and twentieth Senior Optime, and 
a learned botanist. In 1843 ^^^ family, consisting 0/ liis father 
and mother, his two sisters, his brother and himself, went to-. 
Italy. The South Eastern Railway stopped at Ashford, whence 
they travelled to Dover in their own carriage, using it afterwards, 
wherever the railway failed, and in all Italy there was only 
one — from Naples to Castellamare. They passed through 
Cologne to Basel and on through Switzerland to Italy; then 
through Parma, where Napoleons widow was still reigning, 
Modena, Bologna and Florence to Rome. Beggars would run 
after the carriage all day long, and when they got nothing 
would cry "Eretici." They spent half the winter in Rome, 
where in the Sistine Chapel they saw the Cardinals kiss the toe 
of Pope Gregory XVI, and in the Corso, in broad daylight, 
saw a monk come rolling down a staircase like a sack of 
potatoes, bundled into the street by a man and his wife. These 
things made a great impression on him, and he remembered 
being taken up to the top of St Peter's to celebrate his father's 
birthday, 28th November 1843. He was thus early introduced 

84 Obituary. 

to that land which he always thought of, and often referred to 
as his second country. 

In January 1 846 he went to school at AUesIey, near Coventry, 
under the Rev £. Gibson, remaining there till 1848, when he 
was sent to Shrewsbury under the Rev B. H. Kennedy. In 
October 1854 he went inlo residence at St John's College, 

As an undergraduate he showed no aptitude for any particular 
branch of academic study, but impressed those who knew him 
as likely to make his mark. He steered the Lady Margaret 
boat when head of the river, and amused himself and others 
by writing various undergraduate verses ; but his most decided 
tastes were a passion for Handel's music and a strong liking 
for drawing. He worked hard with Mr Shilleto, and was 
bracketed 12th in the Classical Tripos of 1858. 

It had always been an understood thing that he was to follow 
in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, and go into tlie 
Church ; accordingly he went to London after taking his degree, 
and began to prepare for ordination, living and working among 
the poor as an amateur lay assistant under the Rev P. Perring, 
Curate of St James's, Piccadilly, though never being officially 
connected with the parish. Placed among such surroundings 
he felt bound to think out for himself many theological questions, 
which at this time were first presented to him, and the con- 
clusion being forced upon him that he could not take the 
teaching of the church as seriously as he thought a clergyman 
ought to take it, he declined to be ordained. 

It was now his desire to become a painter ; this, however, 
did not meet with the approval of his family, and he decided 
on emigrating. He paid his passage to sail for New Zealand 
in the Burmah^ but some of his friends received information 
about this ship which caused him, much against his will, to 
exchange his berth for one in the Roman Emperor ^ in which he 
sailed from Gravesend on 30th September 1859. The Burmah 
was never heard of again. 

He remained in New Zealand about four years and a half, 
chiefly in the upper Rangitata district of the province of 
Canterbury, where he had a sheep run which he called Mesopo- 
tamia, because it was situated between two rivers. He lived 
much in the open air and ascribed to this the good health he 
afterwards enjoyed. The following, taken from a note-book 

Obituary. 85 

he kept in the colony, will serve as ^ kind of snapshot of one 
side of his life there :— ^ 

^^ April 1861. It is Sunday. We rose later ttmn usual. There are five 
of us sleeping in the hut. I sleep in a buuk on one side of the fire; Mr 
Haast,* a German who is making a geological survey ot the province, sleeps 
upon ihe opposite one ; my bullock-driver and hut-Jceeper have two bunks at 
the far end of the hut, along the wall, while my shepheid lies in the loft 
among the tea and sugar and flour. It was a fine morning and we turned out 
about seven o'clock. 

'*The usual mutton and bread for breakfast with a pudding made of flour 
and water baked in the camp oven after a joint of meat — ^Yorkshire pudding, 
but without eggs. While we were at breakfast a robin perched on the table 
and sat there a good while pecking at the sugar. We went on breakfasting 
with little heed to the robin and the robin went on pecking with little heed to 
us. After breakfast Pey, my bullock-driver, went to fetch the horses up from 
a spot about two miles down the river where they often run ; we wanted to 
go pig-bunting. 

** I go into the garden and gather a few peascods for seed till the horses 
should come up. Then Cook, the shepherd, says that a fire has sprung up on 
the other side the river. Who could have lit it ? Probably some one who 
had intended coming to my place on the preceding evening and has missed 
his way, for there is no track of any sort between here and Phillips's. In a 
quarter of an hour he lit another fire lower down and by that time, the horses 
having come up, Haast and myself — remembering how Dr Sinclair had just 
been drowned so near the same spot — think it safer to lide over to him and 
put him across the river. The river was very low and so clear that we could 
see every stone. On getting to the river-bed we lit a fire and did the same on 
leaving it ; our tracks would guide anyone over the intervening ground." 

He did very well with the sheep, sold out in 1864 and 
returned via Callao to England, arriving in August of that year 
in London where he took chambers, consisting of a sitting- 
room, a bed-room, a painting-room and a pantry, at 15, Cliffurd's 
Inn. 2nd floor. North. In New Zealand he had made more 
than enough to live in the very simple way that suited him best, 
and life in the Inns of Court resembles life at Cambridge in 
that it reduces the cares of housekeeping to a minimum. It 
suited him so well that he never changed his rooms, remaining 
there 38 years till his death. 

He now set to work painting, studying at the South 
Kensington Museum, at the late Mr F. S, Cary's, and at Mr. 
Heatherley's School of Art in Newman Street; he described 

* The late Sir Julius von Haast, K.C.M.G. who was appointed Provincial 
Geologist in i860. 

f6 Obiitiary. 

himstlfas an artist in the Post Office Directory, and exhibited 
about a dozen pictures at the Royal Academy from 1868 to 

In 1863 his family had published in his name "A First Year 
in Canterbury Settlement," which, as the preface states, was 
compiled from his letters home, his journal and extracts from 
two papers contributed to Tht Eagle, We have seen that he 
had perpetrated some jouthful literature at Cambridge; he had 
also occasionally written in The Press, a Christ Church joumaL 
In 1865 he printed anonymously a pamphlet entitled "The 
Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ as given by the 
Four Evangelists critically examined." This embodies the 
principal considerations which led to his giving up the Church. 

In November 1869, having been overworking, he went 
abroad for four months, and on his way back met, at a hotel 
in Venice, an elderly Russian lady, in whose company he spent 
most of his time there. She was no doubt impressed by his 
versatility and charmed, as everyone always was, by his con- 
versation and original views on everything that interested him. 
We may be sure he told her all about himself, and what he had 
done and was intending to do. At the end of his stay, when 
he was taking leave of her, she said, ** Et maintenant, Monsieur, 
vous allez cr6er," meaning, as he understood her, that he had 
been looking long enough at the work of others, and should 
now do something of his own. This sank into him and pained 
him, for he was thirty-five, and hitherto all had been admiration, 
vague aspiration and despair. In spite of his education he had 
produced in painting nothing but a few sketches and studies, 
and in literature only a few ephemeral articles, a collection of 
youthful letters and a pamphlet on the Resurrection : moreover, 
to none of his work had anyone paid the slightest attention. 
He returned home dejected, but resolved that things should be 
different in the future. While in this frame of mind he received 
a visit from one of his colonial friends, the late Sir F. Napier 
Broome, afterwards Governor of Western Australia, who inci- 
dentally suggested his re-writing his New Zealand articles. 
The idea pleased him ; it might not be creating, but at least it 
would be doing something. So he set to work on Sundays and 
in the evenings, as relaxation from the serious work of painting, 
and taking his New Zealand articles on **The World of the 
Unborn " and '* Darwin among the Machines " as a starting 

Obituary. 87 

point, and helping himself wiih a few sentences from "A First 
Year in Canterbury Settlement," he gradually formed the book 
which he published anonymously in 1872 as ** Erewhon." 

The opening is based upon his colonial experiences, and the 
walk over the range as far as the statues is descriptive of the 
geography of the Upper Rangitata district, with some alterations; 
but the walk down from the statues into Erewhon is taken from 
the Leventina Valley in the Canton Ticino. There are now two 
places in New Zealand named Erewhon, one of which, a town- 
ship 30 or 40 miles West of Napier in the Hawke Bay Province 
(North Island), is marked on the large maps. Among other 
traces of "Erewhon" may be mentioned Butler's Stones on the 
Hokitika Pass, so called because of a legend that they were in 
his mind when he described the statues. The great chords 
which are like the music moaned by the statues are taken from 
the prelude to the first of Handel's " Trois Le9ons " — he used 
to say " One feels them in the diaphragm — they are, as it were, 
the groaning and labouring of all creation travailing together 
until now." The book was translated into Dutch in 1873 and 
into German in 1879. 

It is possible that we might have had something not unlike 
*' Erewhon " sooner or later, even without the Russian lady and 
Sir F. N. Broome, to whose promptings, owing to a certain 
diffidence which never left him, he was perhaps inclined to 
attribute too much importance. However this may be, by the 
light of subsequent events it is easy to see that he was now 
fairly launched on a career of literature; but this was not his 
own view at the time. He considered that he had written 
himself out and was happy to think that for the future there 
would be nothing to interrupt his painting. Nevertheless he 
found himself again drifting towards literature, and in 1873 
published "The Fair Haven," which is his pamphlet on the 
Resurrection, enlarged and preceded by a realistic memoir of 
the supposed author. To have published this book as by the 
author of " Erewhon " would have been to give away the irony 
and satire ; he remembered also that " Erewhon " was successful 
so long as its authorship was unknown, but as soon as curiosity 
was satisfied on this point the weekly sales fell from fifty to two 
or three ; try as he would, however, he could not keep the secret 
as to the authorship of ** The Fair Haven," and soon thought 
it better to put his name to a second edition. In the meantime 

88 Ob Hilary. 

the painting was getting on and his most successful picture 
•* Mr Heath< rle/s Holiday," representing that well-known 
teacher surrounded by studio properties and mending the school 
skeleton, was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1874. 

About this time he began to be aware that there was growing 
up in his mind a theory about evolution which ultimately took 
shape as '* Life and Habit " ; but the writing of this very 
remarkable and suggestive book was delayed and the painting 
interrupted by absence from England on business in Canada. 
He had been persuaded by a college friend, a member of one 
of the great banking families, to put the money he had brought 
back from the Colony into several new companies. One 
of these was a Canadian undertaking of which he was made 
a Director, and it was necessary for someone to go to head* 
quarters and investigate its affairs. This occupied him very 
fully for about two years and a half, from Midsummer 1873 to 
December 1875. By the beginning of 1876 he had returned 
finally to London, but most of his money was lost and his 
financial position from this time until the death of his father in 
December 1 886 caused him very serious anxiety. His personal 
expenditure was already so low that it was hardly possible to 
reduce it and he set to work at his profession more industriously 
than ever, hoping to paint something that he could sell, his 
spare time being occupied with "Life and Habit" which 
appeared in 1877. 

** The theory contained in this work," (he wrote in 1883) " tarns upon four 
main propositions : Firstly, that there is a bond fide oneness of personality 
existing between parents and offspring up to the time that the offspring leaves 
the parent's body : Secondly, that in virtue of this oneness of personality the 
offspring will remember what has happened to the parent so long as the two 
were united in one person, subject of course to the limitations common to all 
memory : Thirdly, that the memory so obtained will, like all other memory, 
lie dormant until the return of the associated ideas: Fourthly, that the 
structures and instincts which are due to the possession of this memory will, 
like every other power of manufacture or habit due to memory, come in the 
course of time to be developed and acted upon without self-consciousness. 
The phenomena of heredity, with its exceptions such as reversion to a remote 
ancestor and sports, the principle underlying longevity, the infecnndity 
hybrids, the phenomena of old age, the resumption of feral characteristics and 
the fact that the reproductive system is generally the last thing to be developed 
are then connected and shown to be explicable and indeed to follow as 
matters of course under the joint operation of the four principles contended 
for. There has been no attempt to meet this work, and I observe the theory 
it contains to be freijuenlly but always tacitly adopted by men of science." 

Obiiuary. 89 

After "Life and Habit" he recognised that wiiting had 
become his main business and painting was relegated to the 
position of relaxation or holiday amusement. He published 
three more books amplifying, justifying, and illustrating his 
theory, viz. — ** Evolution Old and New '* in 1879, '* Unconscious 
Memory" in 1880, and "Luck or Cunning" in 1886. It has 
been thought in some of these later works the personal question 
between himself and the late Mr Charles Darwin was permitted 
somewhat to obscure the importance of the theory he was 
advocating: Time alone can show whether or not this was so. 

It was while he was writing '* Life and Habit" that I made 
his acquaintance. For several years he had been in the habit 
of spending six or eight weeks of the summer in Italy and the 
Canton Ticino, generally making Faido his headquarters. 
^lany a page of his books was written while resting by the 
fountain of some sub-alpine village or waiting in the shade of 
the chestnuts till the light came so that he could continue 
a sketch. Every year he returned home by a different route and 
thus gradually became acquainted with every part of the Canton 
and North Italy. There is scarcely a town or village, a point of 
view, a building, statue or picture in all this country with which 
he was not familiar. In 1878 he happened to be on the Sacro 
Monte above Varese at the time I look my holiday : there 
I joined him, and nearly every year afterwards we were in Italy 
together. He was always a delightful companion and perhaps 
at his gayest on these occasions : ** A man's holiday," he would 
say, "is his garden," and he set out to enjoy himself and to 
make all about him enjoy themselves too. I remember once 
telling him the old school-boy muddle about Sir Walter Raleigh 
introducing tobacco and saying, *• We shall this day light up 
such a fire in England as I trust shall never be put out." He 
liad not heard it before and, though amused, appeared pre- 
occupied during the rest of the evening. Next morning when 
he was pouring out his coffee his eyes twinkled and he said, 
with assumed carelessness, " By the bye, do you remember 7 — 
wasn*t it Columbus who bashed the ogg down on the table and 
said : 'Eppur non si muove * } '* 

He was welcome wherever he went, full of fun and ready to 

play while doing the honours of the country. Many of the 

peasants were old friends and every {\Ay we were sure to mc'Ct 

someone who remembered him. Ferliaps it would be an old 


99 Ohituary. 

woman labouring along under a burden ; she would smile and 
stop, take his hand and tell him how happy she was to meet him 
again and repeat her thanks for the empty wtne bottle he had 
given her after an out-of-door luncheon in her neighbourhood 
four or five years before. There was another who had rowed 
him many times across the Lago di Orta and had never been iti 
a train but once in her life when she went to Novara to her 
son*s wedding. He always remembered al) about these people 
and asked how the potatoes were doing this year and 
whether the grandchildren were growing up into fine boys and 
girls and never forgot to inquire after the son who had gone to 
be a waiter in New York. At Civiasco there is a restaurant 
kept by a jolly old lady known for miles round as La Martina ; 
we always lunched with her on our way over the Colma to and 
from VaraHo-Sesia. On one occasion we were accompanied by 
two English ladies and one being a teetotaller he maliciously 
instructed La Martina to make the sabbaglione so that it should 
be forU and ahbondante and to say that the Marsala with which 
it was more than flavoured was nothing but vinegar; La Martina 
never forgot that when she looked in to see how things were 
going he was pretending to lick the dish clean. These jourmys 
provided the material for ** Alps and Sanctuaries" which was 
published in December 1881, though dated 1882. 

In the Spring of 1883 he had begun to compose music and 
in T885 we published together a small collection of gavottes^ 
minuets and fugues. He had always been devoted to mnsic but 
liked Handel best and most of the music he wrote is as near as 
he could make it in the Handelian manner, indeed, he spoke of 
himself, not as a musician but as a Handelian. He remembered 
Mr. Brooke Rector of Gamston North Notts, who had been 
present at the Handel Commemoration in 1784, and his great- 
aunt, Miss Susannah Apthorp of Cambridge, had known a lady 
who had sat upon Handel's knee : he often regretted that these 
were his only links with •* the greatest of all composers.** He 
had tried to like the music of Bach and Beethoven, but fonnd 
himself compelled to give it up— they bored him so intolerably. 
Nor was he more successful with the other great masters : 
Mozart, for instance, must have loved Handel for he wrote 
additional accompaniments to the Messiah, yet Mozart's music 
failed to move him : Haydn was a sort of Horace, an agreeable^ 
facile man of the world. He did not for a moment dispute the 

Obituary. x^\ 

greatness of any of Uiese composers but never could quitts 
forgive the last two for having led music astray from the Handel 
tradition and paved the road from Bach to Beethoven^ and he 
much preferred playing Handel by himself to sitting through a 
Richter Concert or an opera. Handel had gone straight to his 
heart when as a boy of 13 he first heard some of his music, and 
remained there, persisting like a tonic pedal, throughout his 
whole life. Almost the last thing he ever asked me to do for 
him, within a week of his death, was to bring "Solomon'* that 
he might refresh his memory as to the harmonies of '* With 
Ihee th' unsheltered moor I'd tread." 

In December 1886 his father died and his financial difficulties 
ceased ; he engaged Alfred Emery Cathie as clerk, but made 
no other change in his mode of life, except that, as he often 
said, he bought a pair of new hair brushes and a larger wash- 
hand basin. Any change in his mode of life was an event. 
When in London he got up at 6.30 in the summer and 7.30 ia 
the winter, went into his sitting room, lighted the fire, put the 
kettle on and returned to bed. In half an hour he got up again, 
fetched the kettle of hot water, emptied it into his bath, refilled 
it and put it back on the fire. After dressing he came into his 
sitting-room, made tea and cooked in his Dutch oven something 
he had bought the day before. His laundress was an elderly 
woman and he could not trouble her to come to his rooms so 
early in the morning : on the other hand he could not stay in 
bed until he thought it right for her to go out ; so it ended \Xk 
his doing a great deal for himself. He then got his breakfast 
and read the Times', at g.30 Alfred came with whom he discussed 
anything requiring attention, and soon after his laundress 
arrived. Then he started to walk to the British Museum where 
he arrived about 10.30, every alternate morning calling at the 
butcher's in Fetter Lane to order his meat. He sat at block B 
and spent the first hour " posting his notes " — that is reconsider- 
ing, rewriting, amplifying, shortening and indexing the contents 
of the little note-book he carried in his pocket. The rest of the 
morning till 1.30 he devoted to whatever book he happened to 
be writing. On three days of the week he dined in a restaurant 
on his way home and on the other days he dined in his chambers 
where his laundress had cooked his dinner. At two o'clock 
Alfred returned (having been home to dinner with his wife and 
children.) and made tea for him ; he then wrote letters and 

gz Ohiiuary, 

attended to his accounts till 3.45, when he Fmoktd his first 
cigarette. He used to smoke a great deal, but, belitving it to 
be bad for him, took to cigarettes instead of pipes and gradually 
smoked less and less, making it a rule not to begin till some 
particular hour and pushing this hour later and later in the day 
till it settled itself at 3.45. There was no water laid on in his 
rooms and every day he fetched one can full from the tap in the 
court, Alfred fetching the rest. At 5.30 he got his evening 
meal, he called it his tea and it was lillle more than a fac-simile 
of breakfast, Alfred left in time to post the letters before six : 
he tlen wrote music till about 8 when he came to see me in 
Staple Inn returning to Clifford's Inn by 9 30 or 10. After a 
light supper, latterly not more than a piece of toast and a glass 
of milk, he played one game of his own particular kind of 
Patience, prepared his breakfast things and fire ready for the 
next morning, smoked his seventh and last cigarette and went 
to bed at ti o'clock. 

He was very fond of ihe theatre but avoided serious pieces; 
latterly he became slightly deaf and found that listening to any 
kind of piece was too much of an effort, nevertheless he continued 
to the last the habit of going to one panlomine every winter. 
There were about twenty houses where he visited but he seldom 
accepted an invitation to dinner — it upset the regularity of his 
life: besides he belonged to no club and had no means of 
returning hospitality. When a colonial friend called unex- 
pectedly about noon one day soon after he settled in London he 
went out to the nearest cook-shop in Fetter Lane and returned 
carrying a dish of hot roast pork and greens. This was all very 
well once in a way but hardly the sort of thing to be repeated 

On Thursdays, instead of going to the Museum, he often 
took a day off, going into the country sketching or walking, and 
on Sundays, whatever the weather, he nearly always went into 
the country walking ; his map of the district for 30 miles round 
London is covered all over with red lines showing where he 
had been. Ee sometimes went out of town from Saturday to 
Monday and for over twenty years spent Christmas at Boulogne- 

When anyone expostulated with him about cooking his own 
breakfast and fetching his own water he replied that it was good 
for him to have a change of occupation : this was partly the 

Obit may. 93 

fact but the real reason, i\'hich he coukl not tcll everyone, was 
that he shrank from inconveniencing anybody ; he always paid 
more than was necessary when anything was done for him and 
ivas not happy then unless he did some of the work himself. 

Oil the death of his father he came into possession of a 
mass of documents formerly belonging to his grandfather, 
whose personality fo charmed him that he determined to write 
his memoirs : he could not, however, begin at once, because 
he felt bound to write a book about the Sacro Monte at Varallo* 
Sesia, He had visited this sanctuary repeatedly, and was a 
great favourite with the townspeople who knew that he was 
studying the statues and frescoes in the chapels, and intending 
to write about them. It was they who brought matters to a 
head by giving him a civic dinner on the Sacro Monte in 
August 1887. Everyone was present, nearly everyone made a 
speech, and when we were coming down the slippery mountain 
path after it was all over he realised that he had no choice 
but to begin the book at once. On returning home he took 
up photography, and immediately after Christmas went back to 
Varallo to photograph the statues and collect material. Much 
research was necessary, and. many visits to out-of-the-way 
sanctuaries which might have contained work by the sculptor 
Tabachetti, whom he was rescuing from oblivion and identifying 
with the Flemish Jean de Wespin. The book, "Ex Voto," 
appeared in 1888, and an Italian translation by Cavaliere 
Angelo Rizzetti was published at Novara in 1894. 

As soon as this book was off his mind he took in hand Dr 
Butler's Life which occupied him, though not fully, till 1896. 
In 1891 we were engaged in composing "Ulysses,** a secular 
oratorio, and this induced him to re-read and translate the 
"Odyssey." We had already published "Narcissus" in 1888, 
each doing about one-half, and before his death he had com- 
pleted his half of "Ulysses." He liked to consider that by 
adding these two halves together he could say he had written 
and composed one whole oratorio. His theory that the 
" Odyssey " was written at Trapani and by a woman was arrived 
at exactly in the manner stated in Chapter I. of " The Authoress 
of the Odyssey," published in 1897. It is not the case that he 
started the theory as a paradox, and then argued himself into 
believing it. Nor is it true, as has been said of him in a 
general way, that the fact of an opinion being commonly held 

9 1 Obituary. 

was enongli to make him profess the opposite. It was enough 
to make him examine the opinion for himself if it afftrcted any 
of the many subjects that interested him, and if, after giving 
it his best attention, he thought it did not hold water, then 
no weight of authority could make him say that it did. But 
there were very many commonly accepted opinions which he 
examined for himself and found no reason to dispute, and on 
these he considered it unnecessary to write. 

His first visit to Sicily was in August 1892 — a hot time of 
the year, but it was his custom to go abroad in the autumn. 
After this he went every year to Sicily and made as many friends 
there as in North Italy.* Later on he became convinced that 
he must avoid the heat, and in 1895, started in March, visiting 
also Greece and the Troad in order to see the country described 
in the ** Iliad/* where he found nothing to cause him to disagree 
with the received theories. 

It is characteristic of his passion for going to the root of a 
matter that he learnt nearly the whole of both the "Odyssey" 
and the ** Iliad" by heart; he was, however, disappointed to 
find that he could only retain a few books at a time, and that 
on learning more he could not remember what he had learnt 
first: but he was about sixty when he made the experiment. 
Shakespeare's Sonnets, on which he published a book in 1899 
gave him less trouble in this respect; he knew them all by 
heart and also their order, and found this knowledge more 
useful for his purpose than reading commentaries by those who 
were less familiar with the poems. "A commentary on a 
poem," he would say, "is very useful as material on which to 
form an estimate of the commentator, but the poem itself is 
the most important document you can consult, and it is im- 
possible to know it too intimately if you want to form an opinion 
about it and its author." 

* Since writing the above I have received a letter from Sicily, saying that 
on 9 November the Communal Council of Calatafimi (a town about 25 miles 
South East of Trapani, where he was very well known), resolved by ac- 
clamation that the street leading from the Nuovo AferccUs towards the famous 
ruins of Segesta shall henceforth be called Via Samuel Butler^ "thus 
<* honouring a great man's memory, handing down his name to posterity, and 
" doing homage to the friendly English nation.'* The name of the principal 
hotel in the town has also been changed, and the proprietor will in future 
call it not Albergo Centrales but Albtrgo Samuel Butler, 

Obituary, 95 

It was always the author, the work of God, that interested 
him more than the book, the work of man ; the painter more 
than the picture ; the composer more than the music. ** If a 
writer, a painter, or a musician makes me feel that he held those 
things to be loveable which 1 myself hold to be loveable I am 
satisfied ; art is only interesting in so far as it reveals the 
personality of the artist": and while grumbling at the com- 
plexities and forms of modern music he knew very well that, if 
Handel had been living now and had adopted them, he would 
still have recognised the same Handel behind the work, and 
that the music, however different, would not therefore have 
ceased to charm him. Among the painters he chiefly loved 
Giovanni Bellini, Carpaccio, Gaudenzio Ferrari, Rembrandt, 
Holbein, Velasquez and DeHooghe; in poetry Shakespeare, 
Homer, and the Authoress of the Odyssey, and in architecture 
the unknown giant to whom we owe the Temple of Neptune 
at Paestum. Life being short he did not see why he should 
waste any of it in the company of inferior people when he had 
these. And he treated those he met in daily life in the same 
spirit: it was what he found them to be that attracted or 
repelled him ; what they had done was only interesting as an 
indication of character. 

His last book '*£rewhon Revisited" was finished about a 
year before his death, and published in the Autumn of 1901. 
He had been contemplating this sequel for years, and had 
collected many notes Mvhich, however, he did not refer to, he 
did not even re-rtad "Erewhon" to see what he could use, 
but wrote the book straight off and with greater facility than 
any of his previous works. 

His health had already begun to fail, and when he started 
for Sicily on Good Friday 1902 it was for the last time: he 
knew he was unfit to travel, but was determined to go, and was 
looking forward to meeting some English friends whom he 
was to accompany over the Odyssean scenes at Trapani. On 
reaching Palermo he was so much worse that he had to take 
to his bed ; in a few weeks, however, he was considered well 
enough to be removed to Naples, and Alfred went out and 
brought him home to London. 

There was still a great deal he intended to do, a book on 
Tabachetti, a novel to be published, more music, his ** Universal 
Review" articles lo be re-written, a new edition of ** Ex Voto " 

96 Obtlumry. 

corrected and enlarged, etc. While lying ill, within a few dajs 
of the end, and not knowing whether it was to be the end or 
not. he said, ** I am much better to-day ; I don't feel at all as 
though I were going to die; of course, it will be all wrong if 
I do gtt well, for there is my literary position to be considered. 
First I write 'Erewhon' — that is my opening subject; then 
after modulating freely through all my other books, and the 
music and so on I return gracefully to my original key and 
imblish 'Erewhon Revisited.' Obviously now is the proper 
moment to come to a full close, make my bow and retire ; but I 
believe I am getting well after all. It's very inartistic, but I 
cannot help it." 

Some of his readers have complained that they cannot tell 
whether he is serious or jesting. "Earnestness was his great 
danger, but if he did not quite overcome it (as indeed who can ? 
it is the last enemy that shall be subdued), he managed to veil 
it with a fair amount of success." When he wrote thus of Lord 
Jieaconsfield he was thinking of himself, and to veil his own 
earnestness he turned most naturally to humour, employing it 
in a spirit of reverence, as all the great humourists have done, 
to express his deepest and most serious convictions. He was 
aware that he ran the risk of being misunderstood by some, but 
he also knew that it is useless to try to please all, and, like 
Mozart, he wrote to please himself and a few intimate friends. 

There is no room, and this is perhaps hardly the place, to 
speak at length of his kindness, consideration and sympathy: 
nor of his generosity the extent of which was very great and can 
never be known — it was sometimes exercised in unexpected 
ways as when he gave my laundress a shilling because it was 
"such a beastly ioggy morning"; nor of his slightly archaic 
courtliness — unless among people he knew well he usually left 
the room backwards, bowing to the company; nor of his 
punctiliousness, industry and painstaking attention to detail — 
he kept accurate accounts not only of all his properly by double 
entry but also of his daily expenditure which he balanced to a 
halfpenny every evening, and his handwriting, always beautiful 
and legible, was much more so at 66 than at 26; nor of his 
patience and cheerfulness during years of anxiety when he had 
few to sympathise with him ; nor of the strange mixture of 
simplicity and shrewdness that caused one who knew him well 
to say : *' II sait tout ; il ne sait rien ; il est po^te." I should 

Obiiuary. 97 

never have finished if I were to tell of all this and of much more 
that won the affectionate devotion of those who had the happiness 
to know him. 

Epitaphs always fascinated him and formerly he used to wish 
to be buried at Langar and to have on his tombstone the subject 
of the last of Handel's ** Six Great Fugues.'* He called this 
" The Old Man Fugue " and said it was like an epitaph com- 
posed for himself by one who was very old and tired and sorry 
for things. But he left off wanting any tombstone long ago 
and by his will directed that his body should be cremated and 
the ashes not preserved. Yet I believe he would not have 
disapproved of my quoting here those lines which, thinking of 
himself, he wrote for Mr Higgs to copy in " Erewhon Re- 
visited" : — 


That MY slumbf.r shall not bk broken; 

And that though I be all- forgetting, 

Yet shall I not be all-forgotten. 

But continue that life in ihe thoughts and deeds 

Of those I loveij, 

Into which, while the powkr to strive was yet vouchsafed me, 

I fondly strove to enter. 

Henry Festing Jones. 

Rev Andrew Halliday Douglas M.A. 

Professor Halliday Douglas, who died somewhat unexpectedly 
in Edinburgh on the 15th of June last was for some years a well 
known personality in Cambridge. He was born in Edinburgh 
6 February 1864, and was the son of Dr Andrew Halliday Douglas, 
a former President of Ihe Royal College of Physicians of Edin- 
burgh. His mother was a daughter of Mr Kenneth McKinnon. 
He was educated * t the Edinburgh Academy and the University of 
Edinburgh. As a student he attained considerable distinction 
in * a good year' and was first English medallist in 1883 ; in the 
succeeding year he was medallist in the Advanced Metaphysics 
class. About this time he came under the influence of the late 
Henry Drummond, and like many of his contemporaries was 
carried away by the fervour of the religious movement among 
Scotch students associated with the name of Henry Drummond. 

98 Obifuaty. 

He became a missioner among young men and was an effective 
worker in connexion with Henry Drum mond's Holiday Mission. 
He proceeded to New College, Edinburgh, for his theological 
training, completing his student career by being elected to the 
First Cunningham Fellowship. 

After being licensed by the Presbytery of Edinburgh in 
the Free Church of Scotland, he acted as assistant to the late 
Dr Alexander Macleod at Birkenhead > he then had for six 
months full charge of Ben field Church, Glasgow, and afterwards 
assisted Dr Whyte at St George's Church, Edinburgh. In 1890 
he was ordained Minister of the Free Church Cor^gregation at 
Huntley, Aberdeenshire. In 1893 he came to Cambridge as the 
first Minister of the newly opened St Columba's Presbyterian 
Church in Downing Street, the induction service taking place 
on 10 March 1893. ^® joined St John's 9 October 1893 and 
obtained'the B.A. degree in 1898 as an Advanced Student with 
a certificate of research for a dissertation on The Psychology of 
Pomponaiitis. In this he gave a lucid critical statement of the 
views of Pomponatius and traced the transmission of the root 
ideas of the Aristotelian philosophy into Scholasticism and the 
modification these ideas underwent in the labours of the repre- 
sentative Scholastic writers. This dissertation, in accordance 
with the regulations, was deposited in the University Library. 
In due course he proceeded to the M.A. degree in 1901. In 
1899 the Theological College of the Presbyterian Church of 
England was transferred from London to Cambridge ; to this 
foundation — Westminster College — Mr Douglas rendered 
valuable service as a member of the Council, and after its 
opening in 1899 published a history of the institution. He was 
Chaplain to the Mayor of Cambridge (Mr I'illyard) in 1899-1900^ 
and was a Governor of the Perse School for Girls. 

In 1901 he was a candidate for the Chair of Church History 
in New College, Edinburgh. His candidature received influen- 
tial support, not only from Scotch theologians, but also from 
his friends in Cambridge. It is interesting to note that among 
those of his Cambridge friends who bore testimony to his 
sympathies, attainments and character were not only his 
colleagues at Westminster College, but also Dr Ryle, Bishop of 
Exeter; Dr Butler, Master of Trinity; Dr Moule, Bishop of 
Durham ; Prof H. M. Gwatkin, and others. 

In this candidature he was not successful, but later in that 

Obituary. 99 

year he was appointed to the Professorship of Apologetics ia 
Knox College, Toronto, one of the most important theological 
Colleges in Canada^ He conducted his classes there during the 
Session 1901-2 with conspicuous success. He returned to 
England in the spring, and was in Can»bridge during the months 
of April and May, intending to return to Canada in the autumn. 
He died in Edinburgh rather suddenly after »n operation. 

Professor Halliday Douglas married a daughter of Mr William 
M'Nanghton Love of London. Mrs Douglas is left with one 
child, a little daughter. His brother Mr Charles Mackinnoa 
Douglas is M.P. for the N.W. Division of Lanarkslii/e. 

EowARD John Chalmers Morton M.A. 

Mr E. J. C. Morton, M.P. for Devonport, died 3 October at 
Amberley in Gloucestershire after a lingering illness. Mr 
Morton was the only son of Mr John Chalmers Morton, aa 
active journalist and politician; he was born at West Mousley 
in Gloucestershire in 1856. He claimed to have Scotch bloo<t 
in his veins and to be a descendant of Leslie^ who commanded 
the troops at Dunbar; while his father's uncle was a nephew 
of Dr Thomas Chalmers, the famous theologian, who was 
practically the founder of the Free Church of Scotland. 

Mr Morton entered St Jolin*s in \%i(y from Harrow SchooL 
fie was admitted a Foundation Scholar 14 June 1879 and took 
iiis degree as first Senior Optime in the Mathematical Tripos of 
1^80. While an undergraduate he was a prominent speaker and 
became President of the Union. He was admitted a student of 
the Inner Temple a8 April 1880 and was called to the Bar 
99 April 1885, but never practised. 

After leaving the University he engaged to a certain extent 
in journalism, and he was an able and successful University 
Extension Lecturer. He usually took Astronomy as his subject ; 
in this he was well informed, and, in spite of all the distractions 
of an active political career, kept his knowledge abreast of the 
latest developments of the subject. He had great powers of 
oral exposition and was able thoroughly to interest his hearers 
in the Science. It was also whispered that in spite of the 
abstract nature of the subject he managed by deft allusion to 
play the part of an apostle of science and politics simultaneously, 
suggesting rather than stating that the stars in their courses. 

lOO Obiittary. 

were fighting the balllcs of the Liberal Parly. lie had made a 
special study of the history of the House of Commons and one 
of the most popular of his lectures was one treating of the 
quaint and picturesque phrases, customs, traditions and survivals 
that connect the Westminster of to-day with the dawn of consti- 
tutional history. Always an effective speaker he was perhaps 
more at home on the platform addressing a sympathetic audience 
than on the floor of the House of Commons, in the rough and 
tumble of debate with more dexterous combatants than himself. 

From the time he left College to the end of his life he was 
always in the full stream of political controversy. He was 
a member of Mr. Albert Gray's committee of twelve formed to 
combat 'Jingoism* before the General Election of 1880. He 
travelled a great deal in Ireland and was a convinced Home 
Ruler before Mr Gladstone took up that cause, and he remained 
50 to the end, even when at times the creed found little favour 
with his friends. 

When the Home Rule split took place in the Liberal Party, 
Mr Morton originated, and acted as Secretary to, the Home 
Rule Union, a body which played a large part in the contro- 
versies of the day, and in a few years he had established 
a reputation as one of the most useful party speakers in the 
United Kingdom. 

In 1892 Mr Morton entered Parliament as M.P. for Devon- 
port. Almost at once he gained for himself a prominent place 
in the House of Commons, by a speech on the Second Reading 
of the Home Rule Bill. The speech had its defects in the eye 
of the critic ; it had a good deal of the exaggerated style of the 
platform, but it revealed the remarkable capacity and knowledge 
of the man, and was well received by the House. The occasion 
is thus described by an eye-witness : ** Mr Morton was then 36. 
It was a day for rising young men, and the new member for 
Devonport, in his maiden speech on the Home Rule Bill, made 
what was generally admitted to be the finest contribution from 
the Radical side to the opening debate. I well remember the 
occasion. The veteran Premier, though the hour was late in 
the afternoon and the calls of dinner had taken most of the 
Ministers and ex-Ministers out of the House, paid the new- 
comer the great compliment of remaining in his seat and 
listening attentively to the speech throughout. Mr Morton 
spoke from the floor, rising from the front bench below the 

Oliiuaty. loi 

gangway at the place beloved of Mr Labouchere. The speech 
was, if anything, unduly long, but its manner was excellent. 
Mr Gladstone's hearing was tiien failing, but he moved up 
alon^ the Treasury Bench to the corner st-at, sitting in charac- 
teristic attitude, with his hand to his ear to catch every word, 
and, as the speech closed, stretched forward and warmly shook 
the young orator by the hand, at the same time complimenting 
him upon his performance. It was a signal mark of approval, 
for which there are few, if any, precedents, and the pleased 
Radicals cordially cheered, while the Irish Nationalists, from 
their old places across the floor, which they still retained, 
indulged in noisier demonstrations." 

Perhaps Mr Morton never recaptured the first careless 
rapture of that speech, and never quite fulfilled the promise 
which his friends thought they saw in it. A sneering allusion 
to Mr Chamberlain was not forgotten by that douglity fighter. 
Many months afterwards he caught the Member for Devonport 
in one of those errors of fact, the result of careless preparation, 
which pass unnoticed on the platform, and administered a 
tremendous castigation, which created quite a scene at the 

The misfortunes of the Gladstonian Party had their effect 
also on Mr Morton's career, and while he was at one time 
looked on as one of the rising lieutenants of his side his chance 
never really came. Like all mankind he had his limitations, he 
was more of a politician than a statesman. Owing perhaps to 
his training he held his own views so strongly and fervently that 
as a rule he was almost incapable of understanding how anyone 
could honestly differ from him on a political subject. 

He was in great request as a speaker at by-eleclions. 
Fervent, ready, and eloquent, with a fine voice and an earnest 
manner, he rose on occasion to con.siderable heights of 
eloquence. It is, we believe, a fact that some years ago at 
a Trades' Union Conference held in the North of England, it 
was resolved that no one not a member of a Union should 
address the Congress, except Mr Bradiaugh and Mr Morton. 

He worked hard for his party ; dockyard constituencies are 
notoriously exacting and fickle, and though Mr Morton retained 
his seat at Devonport to the last, it is probable that he over- 
taxed his energies by unfailingly responding to all calls from his 
constituents. He had a real care for the efficiency of the Navy, 

102 Obiiuaify. 

and though to some his views seemed distorted, it was a distinct 
advantage to have the criticisms of a man who could express 
the ultra civilian point of view with the weight which knowledge 

Socially Mr Morton was in great request and he had manj 
fiiends. The party for which he worked so unosteatatiouslj 
and well will be the poorer for his loss. 

Jedediah Prendergast Merritt. 

By the death of Mr J. P. Merritt of Oak Hill, St Calhartne^s, 
Ontario, Caaada, on i8 November 1900, there was removed 
a most interesting and umque cliaracter^ a nwin whose rare 
intelligence and simple Christian nature exerted a strong an(4 
uplifting influence on the community in which he lived, and on 
his family in particular. Mr Merritt was the eldest surviving 
son of the Hon William Hamilton Merritt M.P., and Catharine 
Rodman Prendergast, only daughter and heiress of Dr 
Prendergast of Mayville, N.Y., for some time member of the 
legislature in New York; a man of great erudition, whose 
library, and fondness for scientific research were justly cele- 
brated in the early years of the nineteenth century. 

The Hon William Hamilton Merritt, the only son of Majcwr 
Thos. Merritt, was a descendant of the sturdy United Empire 
Loyalists, that noble band of men and women who forfeited 
the comforts and prosperity of their homes in the United States, 
after the Revolutionary War, rather than submit to a form of 
government of which they disapproved. He was the well-known 
pioneer of the most important part of the peninsula of western 
Canada, and the originator and principal actor in obtaining 
the completion of the Wei land and St Lawrence canals, naw 
connecting the upper lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. 

The subject of this sketch was born at St Catharine^s 
I June 1820, and the whole of his life was devoted to the 
material and aesthetical occupations which make history for 
the western hemisphere. His early education was received 
from tutors and masters in St Catharine's and Toronto, and on 
10 March 1842 he entered St John's as a Pensioner, with the 
intention of studying for Holy Orders, but his eyesight giving 
out he was never ordained. He resided in St John's in 1842, 
3, 4; his name was removed from the College boards 14 July 

Obituary^ 103 

1IS46 without graduating. After an extended tour on the 
continent he returned to Canada and devoted himself to 
assimilating the requirements of the newer western society with 
£nglish and Continental conditions, chiefly as it is associated 
with scholastic and political economy. His father, by the force 
of daily events, was engaged in promoting public important 
Canadian interests, whether included in commercial, political, 
or educational enterprises ; and his son, being well qualified by 
natural and acquired attainments, gave these enterprises the 
advantage of his presence both at the desk and by his advice in 
the halls of the legislature. In i860 he was appointed by 
a vote of Parliament to a position now known as Archivist. He 
collected the ten thousand folio pages of historical matter as 
put upon record by the lives of pioneers in Canada prior and 
subsequent to the Revolutionary War. Whether, accordingly, 
information of large or small moment to families of the United 
Smpire class or its government, or to families generally of 
Canada or the United States be required, it is derivable through 
the labors of the gentleman whose name is before us. Such 
a task as this brought into requisition various talents and an 
unceasing industry for a number of years, and so profitable was 
his report that Parliament renewed an engagement with him. 
The qualities of patriotism and generosity characterised his 
proceedings, for he not only gave his assistant the appropriation 
made for the purpose, but without opposition he permitted the 
adoption of a title which directs a searcher after knowledge, 
formulated under his guidance, to go to the •* Coventry 
Documents." On 1 May 1845 he was appointed postmaster 
at St Catharine's, an office which he retained for a p.riod of 
eighteen years. Mr Merritt distinguished himself both in 
poetry and prose. At an early age a taste for literature and 
science distinctly spoke out. And subsequently his poetical 
genius shone out in many effusions relating to his own and 
other countries. A poem written as a memento of the visit of 
the Duke of Kent to Canada received a distinguished acknow- 
ledgement from the Prince of Wales, his Grace the Duke of 
Newcastle, and the Earl of St Germans. 

The public journals of the day, for many years past, 
evidenced by their columns that Mr Merritt's study and 
iuflui nee upon subjects of administrative poHcy and scicntiHc 
economy have given to the public both instruction and benefit. 

104 Obituary, 

But the most important and longest work undertaken by Mr 
Merritt was a ** Biography of the Hon William Hamilton 
Merritt," published in 1875, being valuable chiefly as a record 
of the public works and Par iamentary debates during the 
earliest years of Canada's political life. An ingenious historical 
chart published by Mr Merritt met with the approval of the 
British North American Historical Society, and commendation 
from the Prince of Wales, who sent him an appropriate medal. 
When decimal currency was introduced into Canada in 1870, 
Mr Merritt brought before the legislature a system of weights 
and measures known as the ** metric." The government voted 
in its favour 50,000 dollars, which, however, it saw fit to 
withdraw at the next session of Parliament. 

Mr Merritt's life was an unceasing application of advantages 
derivable from a patrimony for the promotion of plans equal to 
the dignity and character of Canada ; and his family promise to 
wear his mantle. He married on the 17 August 1864 Emily 
Alexandrina, the eldest daughter of the late George Prescott, 
for many years Secretary and Treasurer of the Welland CanaU 
by whom he had six sons and two daughters. The eldest son, 
William Hamilton Merritt M.D., L.R.C.P., and S. Edin., is 
a Surgeon of more than local repute and Major of the 7th 
Field Battery. 

C. W. M. 


In our May Term number {Eagle xxiii, 377) we 
itientioned the institution of a dinner to members of the 
College on the Boards. 

The first of these dinners was held on Thursday, 
June 19th. Invitations were sent out to three groups of 
Johnians : (i) a group consisting of those who took the 
13.A. degree in 185 1 and earlier; (ii) a group consisting 
of those who took the B. A. degree in the years 1869 to 
1872 inclusive; (iii) a group consisting of those who 
took the B.A. degree in the years 1883 to 1887 inclusive. 
The gathering was a very pleasant one. Many who 
were unable to attend on this occasion expressed a hope 
that they might have another opportunity of being 

The Senior Bursar requests us to remind Members of 
the College of the importance of notifying to him any 
change of address. All possible care is taken to make 
the College Address Book an accurate record, but with 
something like one thousand names on the boards the 
task is not an easy one. On this occasion several 
invitations were returned by the Post OflB.ce. 

The following is a list of those present at the dinner, 
with the date of the B.A. degree. The names with an 
asterisk are those resident in the University. 

The Master 
The President 

Mr £. Ackroyd, B.A., 1883 
Dr E. C. Andrews, 1884 
Mr J. B. Anstice, 1850 
Dr H. Bailey, 1839 
•Dr H. F. Baker, 1887 

MrF. G. Holmes 185 1 

Mr T. F. Howell, B.A., 1887 

Mr H. Hewlett, 1869 

Viscount Inaba, 1892 

Mr G. Jones, 1886 

Mr J. Kerr, 1884 

Mr P. Lake, 1887 


The Johnian Dinner, 

Dr H. F. Banliaro, 1869 

Mr H. T. E. Barlow, i8»5 

Mr R. Barry, 1848 
♦Mr W. Bateson, 1885 

Mr S. F. Bishop, 187 1 
•Mr F. F. Blackroan, 1891 

Mr C. Brercton, 1886 

Mr H. H. Brindley, 1887 

MrT. G.Carver, 1871 

Mr J. S. ff. Chamberlain. 1869 

Mr J. B. Charlesworth, 1843 

Mr J. R. Charlesworth, 1847 

MrJ. M.Clarke, 1846 

Mr P. Clementi-Smilh, 1871 

Mr R. \V. Close, 1870 

Mr H. F. J. Coape-Amold, 187a 

Mr J. Collin, 1887 

MrJ. E. Cooper, 1846 

Sir Algernon Coote, 1872 
♦Mr W. A. Cox, 1867 

Mr. R. D. Cumberland- Jones, 1886 

Mr T. r>ailington, 1886 

Mr G.D.Day, 1 883 

Mr H. C. Dodson, 1884 

Mr C. B. Drake, 1869 

Mr C. E. Drew, 1870 

Dr. J. H. Drysdale, 1884 
♦Mr F. Dyson, 1877 

Mr. L. H. Edmunds, K.C., 1883 

Mr H. J. Elsee, 1885 
•Mr T. R. Glover, 1891 

Rt Hon. Sir J. E. Gorst, M.P., 1857 
•Mr C. E. Graves, 1862 

Mr C. H. Griffith, 1870 

Mr G. H. Hallam, 1869 

Mr F. Hammond, 1883 

Mr J. T. Hathornthwaite, 1870 

Mr F. W. HiU, 1886 

♦Professor A. Macalister,i^83 

♦Dr D. MacAlisler, 1877 
Mr A. Mackintosh, 1883 
MrJ. A. Macmeikan, 1871 
Mr F. T. Madge, 1872 
Mr H. M. Mansfield, 1869 
Mr J. B. Marsh, 1884 
MrG. A. Marshall, 1871 

•Professor J. E. B. Mayor, 1848 
MrE. F. Miller, 1S71 
Mr W. J. Morrison, 1886 
Mr F. L. Muirhead, 1883 
Mr. J. Oliver, 1872 
Mr J. A. Percival, 1869 
Mr E. J. Rapson, 1884 
Mr C. T. Y. Robson, 1884 

•Mr C. B. Rootham, 1897 
Mr \V. N. Roseveare, 1885 
Mr J. S. Salman, 1869 

♦Dr J. E. Sandys, 1867 

♦Mr R. F. Scott, 1875 

♦Mr E. E. Sikes, 1889 
Mr A. C. Seward, 1886 

•Dr L. E. Shore, 1885 
Mr A. Shears, 1851 
Mr E. H. Shears, 1872 
Mr W. H. H. Steer, 1885 

♦Mr A. J. Stevens, 1867 
Mr. T. Stone, 1884 
Mr G. F. Stout, 1883 

♦MrJ. R. Tanner, 1883 
Mr P. E. Tooth, 1887 
Dr G. S. Turpin, 1887 
Mr R. K. Vinter, 1869 
Mr J. Watkins, 1869 
Mr F. W. Whale, 1849 


Michaelmas Term 1902. 

In September last the Rev Canon Henry Lowther Clarke 
(B.A. 1874), Vicar of Huddersfield, was elected Bishop of 
Melboarne as successor to Dr F. F. Goe. TA€ Times of 
September 15 in announcing the appointment has the following 

" The Rev Henry Lowther Clarke is a son of the late Rev W. 
Clarke, of Firbank, Westmorland, aad was educated at Sedbergh 
School. Like many of its ablest pupils he passed to St John's 
College, Cambridge, of which he was Scholar, and he graduated 
as Seventh Wrangler in 1874. He was ordained Deacoa and 
Priest by the Archbishop of York (Dr Thomson) and was licensed 
to the curacy of St John's, Hull. In 1876 the Archbishop, 
nominated him to the vicarage of Hedon, and in 1883 he became 
for a short time Assistant Master at St Peter's School, York. 
In 1884 the Dean and Chapter appointed him to the vicarage 
of St Martin, Coney Street, York. He made a considerable mark 
as Vicar of Dewsbury — a post which Bishop Walsham How 
conferred on him in 1890, and only a few months ago became 
Vicar of Huddersfield. He has been an Honorary Canon of 
WakeAeld Cathedral since 1893. ^"^ ^^ Proctor in Convocatioa 
for the clergy of the Huddersfield Archdeaconry. 

•* There is no doubt that the electors have made a good 
choice. Canon Lowther Clarke is a Moderate Churchman. 
The late Bishop Perry, if he had been alive to take his wonted 
part in the selection of the Melbourne Bishop, would perhaps 
have worked for a more decidedly Evangelical nomination, and 
the new Bishop is nearer in Churchmanship to Bishop Moor- 
house than to Bishop Goe. But he takes a keen interest in 
education, having been for some years a member of the 
examining board of training colleges, and this will stand him 
in good stead as an Australian Bishop. 

•* Yesterday morning, after the ordinary service at St Peter's 
Church, Huddersfield, Canon Lowther Clarke announced that 
he had been offered the Bishopric and had consulted with 
trusted friends. He sent on Saturday his final answer that he 
would go, and he asked the congregation to believe that only 

Jo8 Our Chrouich, 

the sense of obedience had led lam to that conclusion. In 
laying a>ide tlie work of the parish priest and ukisig that of 
a ruler in the Church he hoped to carry with him memories of 
twenty-five long years which might help him in his future 
diocese to be sympathetic with the clergy. H« would never 
forget the confidence and kindness of his IJuddersfield friends." 

The Public Orator spoke as follows on October 23, in 
presenting the Bishop designate of Melbourne, for the complete 
degree of Doctor in Divinity honoris causa : 

'* Unum ex alumnis nostris, episcopum Melburnensem nuper 
designalum, non sine gaudio hodie et salvere et valere iubemus. 
Scholae Sedbergensis ex umbraculis egressus, Divl loannis in 
ColI»gio disciplina mathematica excultus in comitatu Ebora- 
censi plus quam quinque et viginti per annos in laboribus sacris 
spectatus, munera sibi credita omnia, summa cum fide, summa 
cum dignitate, obivit. In provinciam autem povam trans 
Qceanum propediem profecturus, habebit ante oculos Collegii 
sui alumni insignis, episcopi olim Melburnensis, nunc Man- 
cuniensis, exemplar, Viri talis, intervallo quodam interposiio, 
successor constitutus, et provinciae tantae regendae desiinatus, 
praeceptorum academicorum ambagibus longis hodie non in- 
diget. Etenim, ut Senecae verbis utar, 'longum iter est per 
praecepta, breve et efficax per exempl^.' ' 

We take the following account of the Bishop's Consecration 
from 2'Ag Times of November 3 : 

•«0n Saturday, All Sajnts' Day, the Rev Henry Lowiher 
Clarke, Vicar of Huddersfield and Hon Canon of Wakefield 
Cathedral, was consecrated Bishop of Melbourne„in succession 
to Bishop Goe, the ceremony taking place in St Paul's Cathedral. 
The Archbishop of Canterbury, who arrived shortly before 
10 o'clock, attended by four of his chaplains — Dr Wace, the 
Rev J. A. Reeve, the Rev Arthur Carr, and the Rev W. J. 
Conybeare — was received at the West Door by the Dean and 
other members of the Cathedral clergy. The assistant Bishops 
were the Bishops of Rochester, Bath and Wells, Manchester, 
Wakefield, and Brisbane, and Bishops Montgomery and Goe. 
After the opening part of the ceremony had been concluded, in 
the South-West Chapel, a procession was formed consisting of 
the choristers and gentlemen of the choir, Minor Canon Gilbert- 
son, Minor Canon lapsfield, Prebendary Ingram, the Preacher, 
the Bishop Designate, the Assistant Bishops, Canon H. S. 
Holland, the Archdeacon of London, the Dean, the Apparitor- 
General (Sir John Hanham), the Secretary (Mr Hugh Lee), and 
the Primate. As the procession passed up the nave to the choir 
the hymn *0 Heavenly Jerusalem ' was sung. The Bishop of 
Bath and Wells read the Epistle, the Gospel was read by the 
pishop of Manchester, and the Sermon — which was based on 
llcbrews xiii., 8, * Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, 

Our Chronicle. xof^ 

and for ever'-t-was preacliecj by the Archdeacon of Manchester 
(the Venerable J. M. Wilson). After the Sermon the Anlliem 
*Th*e wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them" 
(Gosa) was sung while the Bishop Designate was putting on his 
rochet. Dr Clarke was presented by the Bishops of Manchester 
and Wakefield. The King's mandate for the Consecration was 
produced and read by Mr Lee, and the oath of canonical 
obedience was afterwards administered. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury put the questions of examination, and the Bishop 
Designate retired and assumed the rest of the episcopal habit, 
the choir during his absence singing the Anthem ' For He shall 
give His angels charge over thee' (Mendelssohn). On his 
return Dr Clarke again knelt on the step in front of the Primate's 
chair, and the Veni Creator was sung over him, this being 
followed by the laying on of hands. After the service the 
procession returned in the reverse order, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury having the Bishop of Melbourne on his right hand.'* 

Lord Windsor (B.A. 1878) has been appointed First Com- 
missioner of Works in the reconstituted Ministry of Mr A. J. 
Balfour. Lord W'indsor held the office of Paymaster General 
from 1 89 1 to 1892. He is Lord-lieutenant of Glamorganshire 
and Hon. Colonel of the Worcestershire and Glamorganshire 
Yeomanry. In 1895 he was Mayor of Cardiff, and has for some 
years been a trustee of the National Gallery. He is president 
of the South African Association. A London newspaper 
commenting on his appointment concludes as follows : *' Nor 
would it be possible to have picked out a better First Com- 
missioner of Works than Lord Windsor. Few, if any, members 
of the House of Lords have more fully acted on the principle 
that 'noblesse oblige* than he has. Quietly, even shyly, he 
has from early manhood striven, and striven with success, to 
follow the path pointed out by duty. Whether as landlord, or 
as social reformer, or as watchfnl guardian of British interests 
in South Africa, he has acquired honour without ostentation, 
and distinction without courting it." 

On the 22nd August 1902 the King was pleased to appoint 
Rear Admiral William Hawkesworth Fawkes (formerly Fellow 
Commoner of the College) to be a Companion of the Royal 
Victorian Order. 

Dr D. MacAlister, Senior Tutor, has received from the Lord 
President of the Privy Council, the Duke of Devonshire, a letter 
of thanks for his services as the representative of the British 
Government at the International Conference on dangerous 
drugs, held in Brussels in September. 

In October last the King was pleased to approve of the 
appointment of Sir William Lee-Warner K.C.S.I. to be a 
member of the Council of India. Sir William Lee-Warner 

1 10 Our Chronicle^ 

(B.A. 1869) is a former Scholar of the College and an ex-Editor 
of The Eagle, He was appointed to the Bombay Civil Service 
after the examination of 1867. He had a distinguished and 
varied career in India, he was sometime Secretary to the 
Governor of Bombay, Acting Director of Public Instruction, 
Secretary to the Commission on Public Education, Secretary to 
the Government of Bombay, an additional member of the 
Viceroy's Council, and Agent or Resident in various Native 
States. He retired from the Civil Service in 1895 to take up 
the duties of Secretary in the political and secret department of 
the India Office in London, He is the author of The Protected 
Princes of India, and other works. 

The Rev Prof John E, B. Mayor (B.A. 1848) and Prof A. 
Marshall (B.A. 1865) are named in the charter of the new British 
Academy as among its first Fellows. Prof Mayor is a member 
of the Council of the Academy. 

On the occasion of the Bodleian Tercentenary at Oxford oa 
October 9, the degree of D.C.L. was conferred on the Right Hon. 
Lord Stralhcona and Mount Royal (LL.D. 1887), G.C.M.G., 
Chancellor of McGill University, Lord Rector of Aberdeen 
University, and High Commissioner for the Dominion of 

At a meeting of the Bradford City Council, held on 
September 9, it was decided to confer the freedom of the City 
upon Sir Francis S.Powell, M.P. (B.A. 1850). The presentation 
took place on October 24. 

On 22 March 1902 a Civil List Pension o{ £\oo per annum 
was granted to Dr A. Jessopp (B.A. 18+8), ''In recognition of 
his services to Archaeology and Literature." 

Mr Philip Baylis (B.A. 1872), of Whitemead Park, Coleford, 
has been elected Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of 
Blacksmiths for the ensuing year. 

At a quarterly court of the Worshipful Company of Glovers 
held on October 22, Sir Ernest Clarke (M.A. 1894) was elected 
a Warden for the ensuing year. 

At the annual Fellowship Election on November 3 Mr John 
Henry Arthur Hart (B.A. 1898) was elected a Fellow of the 
College. Mr Hart was placed in the fir^t class of the Classical 
Tripos, Part I. 1898, and in the first Class of the Theological 
Tripos, Part II, 1900. He was elected Allen, University, 
Student in 1901. Mr Hart submitted a dissertation intituled: 
Studies in the History and Textual Criticism of Ecclesiasticus, 

Two other Fellows have been elected under the provision of 
Statute 24 of the College Statutes, the Fellowships being tenable 
during residence for a period of three years. 

Our ChrofiicUk \ \ t 

(a) On June 6, Mr G. B. Mathews (B.A. 1884), formerly 
Professor of Matiiematics in the University College of North 
Wales, Bangor. 

(3) On November 3. Mr W. H. R. Rivers (M.A. 1898, M.D. 
London), University Lecturer in Physiological and Experimental 

On October loth the Council of the College elected the Hon. 
Charles Algernon Parsons (B.A. 1877) to be an Honorary 
Fellow of the College. Mr Parsons was eleventh wrangler in 
bis year. He is well known in the scientific world for his im- 
provements in the steam turbine. He was elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Society in 1898. 

Mr R. Horton Smith, K.C., (B.A. 1856) has been elected 
Treasurer of Lincoln*s Inn ; he enters on the duties of his office 
on 11 January 1903. 

Mr Ernest Carpmael, K.C. (B.A. 1867) and Mr T. W. 
Brogden (B.A. 1867) were elected Benchers of the Middle 
Temple on November 21st. 

Mr A. R. Pennington (B.A. 1893) Barrister at Law, who has 
been a Police Magistrate in Lagos, has been appointed to a 
Judgeship in the Gold Coast Colony. 

The Rev Prebendary H. E. J. Bevan (B.A. 1878), Gresham 
Lecturer in Divinity and Rector of Chelsea, delivered a course of 
Lectures on Religious Thought in the 19th century during the 
month of November. The subjects of the several lectures were 
as follows : i. William Makepeace Thackeray and his teaching ; 
2. The Life and Genius of Charles Dickens ; 3. Dickens as a 
Prophet of his time ; 4. George Eliot and her Philosophy of 

A course of lectures on "The Wisdom of Egypt in Greek 
Tradition " was delivered by Mr G. R. S. Mead (B.A. 1 884) during 
November and December in the Lecture Room of the Theo- 
sophical Society. The subjects of the several lectures were as 
follows: November 11, The Mind's Initiation; November 18, 
The Cup the Gnostic drinks of; November 25, The Son of God ; 
December 2, The Key of the Candidate. 

The Royal Society has awarded the Rumford Medal for 1902 
to the Hon Charles Algernon Parsons (B.A. 1877), Honorary 
Fellow of the College, ** for his success in the application of the 
steam turbine to industrial purposes and for its recent extension 
to navigation." 

The De Morgan medal of the London Mathematical Society 
for 1902 has been awarded to Professor A. G. Greenhill (B.A. 

1 1 2 Our Chronicle. 

The Council of the Royal Society for 1903 includes the 
following members of the College : Secretary Mr J. Larmor (B.A. 
1880) ; members of the Council: Mr W. Bateson (B.A. 1883); 
Sir John Gorst, M.P. (B.A. 1857); Prof G. D. Liveing (B.A. 
1850}; Prof A. E. H. Love (B.A. 1885). 

At the annual general meeting of the Cambridge Philosophical 
Society held on Monday 27 October the following members of 
the College were elected officers of the Society for the ensuing 
Session: President, Dr H. F. Baker (B.A. 1887) ; Vice-Presidents, 
Prof A. Macalister (MA. 1 883) and Mr A. C. Seward (B.A. 1 886 ; 
new members of the Council, Mr J. E. Marr (B.A. 1879), Mr J. 
Larmor (B.A. 1880). 

At the annual general meeting of the London Mathematical 
Society held on Tliursday November 13, the following members 
of the College were elected officers of the Society for the ensuing 
year; Vice-Presidents, Mr R. Tucker (B.A. 1885). Dr H. F. 
Baker (B.A. 1887); Treasurer, Mr J. Larmor (B.A. 1880); 
Secretary, Prof A. E. H. Love (B.A. 1885); Member of the 
Council, Mr A. G. Greenhill (B.A. 1870). 

The following members of the College are among the officers 
of the Royal Asiatic Society for the current year: Vice- 
President— Sir W. Lee Warner, K.C.S.L; Member of the 
Council, Mr E. J. Rapbon. 

Mr H. S. Foxwell (B A. 1871) was in June last appointed 
Teacher of Banking and Currency in the University of London. 

Mr S. L. Hart (B.A. 1881), formerly Fellow of the College, 
is now Principal of the Tientsin Anglo-Chinese College. 
Mr Hart is really the Founder of this new institution, intended 
to give young China the opportunity of acquiring Western 

Mr F. J. Moss (B A. 1886) has been appointed Headmaster 
of the District School, Bareilly, India. 

Mr. J. Percival (B.A. 1887), Vice-Principal of the Wye 
Agricultural College, Kent, has been appointed Lecturer in 
Agriculture at the University College, Reading. 

Mr R. R. Cummings (B.A. 1893) ^^^ b^^" aj pointed Naval 
Instructor on board H.M.S. Ariadne, for service on the North 
American Station. 

The Rev J. H. B. Masterman (B.A. 1893) ^^s been appointed 
to the Chair of History in the University of Birmingham, 
tenable for three years. 

Mr H. H. Davies (B A. 1894) has been appointed Piincipal 
of the Colvin School, Lucknow. 

Our Chronicle^ 1 1 3 

The President of the Board of Education has appointed 
Mr H. T. Holmes (B.A. 1896), Chemistry Master at Merchant 
Taylors' School, to be a Junior Inspector. 

Mr W. A. Houston (B A. 1896). Fellow of the College and 
Lecturer in Mathematics at University College, Liverpool, has 
been appointed an Inspector under tlie Ministry of Education 
in Egypt. 

M» R. W. H. T. Hudson (B.A. 1898), Fellow of the College, 
has been appointed Lecturer in Mathematics at University 
College, LiverpooL 

Mr J. H. Beith (B.A. 1898) has been appointed a Master at 
Durham Grammar School. 

Mr D. R. Harris (B.A. 1898)/ who has been Assistant Mastec 
in Mathematics and Lecturer on Education at Aberystwiih 
University College, was in July last appointed by the Technical 
Education Board of the London County Council to be Normal 
Master al the London Day Training College, in connexion witli 
the University of London. 

The Rev W. L. Walter (B.A. 1898), Curate of Little 
Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire, was in July last appointed Tutor 
and Chaplain of St Aidan's College, Birkenhead. 

Ds L. Lewton Brain (B.A. 1899) has been appointed 
Mycologist and Lecturer in Agriculture to the Imperial Depart-- 
ment of Agriculture in the West Indies in succession to Ds A, 
Howard (B.A. 1899). 

Ds J. H. Towle (B.A. 1900), one of our Editors, has been 
appointed to a Professorship in Aligarh College, United 
Provinces, India. 

Ds J. C. Crocker (B.A. 1901) has been appointed Demon- 
strator of Chemistry at the South Western Polytechnic, Chelsea. 

Ds R. P. Gregory (B.A. 1901) has been appointed an 
additional University Demonstrator in Botany for five years 
from Michaelmas 1902. 

Ds B. P. Waller (B.A. 1901) has been appointed to a Master- 
ship at Felsted School. 

Ds B. E. Mitchell (B.A. 1902) has been appointed a Science 
Master at the Perse School, Cambridge. 

Ds A. M. C. NichoU (B.A. 1902), late Choral Scholar, has 
been appointed to a Science Mastership at Abingdon School. 

Ds B. F. Woods (B A. 1902) has been appointed to a 
Mastership at Giggleswick School. 


1 1 4 Our Chronicle. 

J. M. Gaskell has been appointed to a Mastership at 
Dunstable School. 

The following members of the College have been appointed 
Examiners in the University of London : Mr G B. Mathews 
F.R.S, (B.A. 1884) in Mathematics; Mr G. S. Tiirpin (B.A. 
1887) in Chemistry ; Mr V. H. Blackman (B.A. 1895) i» Botany ; 
and Air VV. C. Summers (B.A. 1892) in Latin. 

Sir F, S. Powell (B.A. 1850) was in June last elected 
a member of the Council of Selwyn College, Cambridge. 

The *' Electoral Roll " of the University for the year 1902-3 
contains 626 names ; of these 78 are members of St John's. 

The Burleigh Preachers for the College this rear were : At 
Stamford, the Rev G. C. Allen (B.A, 1878). Headmaster of 
Ctanleit>h School; and at Hatfield, the Rev F. Dyson (B.A. 
1877), Junior Dean. 

Sermons have been preached in the College Chapel this 
Term by The Master. October 12; The Bishop of Sheffitrld, 
October 26 ; Dr Watson, November 9 ; and by Mr VV, S. Kelley 
of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi, November 23. 

From the annual report for the Session 190 1-2 of the Local 
Examinations and Lectures Syndicate we learn that Mr P. Lake 
(B.A. 1887) lectured in the Michaelmas and Lent Terms at the 
Technical and University Extension College, Colchester, on 
Chemistry, Mr G. C. Moore Smith (B A. 1881) lectured at 
University College, Sheffield, in the Michaelmas Term on 
Shakespeare and Milion, and in the Lent Term on Wordsworth^ 
Coleridge, and Tennyson, The Rev J. H. B. Masterman, 
(B.A. 1893) lectured at Southport in the Michaelmas Term on 
Tennyson and Broivntng, and on the same subject at Shrewsbury 
Jn the Lent Term ; at Market Drayton and Shrewsbury in the 
Lent Term on Social Teachers on the Victorian Era ; he also gave 
a short course of Lectures at Ludlow in the Lent Term on 
Makers 0/ Europe \ and at Leicester in the Michaelmas T«rm on 
Wordiworth, Carlyle, and Browning — Three prophets of the 
Romantic Revival, Mr A. Hamilton Thompson (B.A. 1895) 
lectured at Southport in the Lent Term on the History of the 
English Navel; at Colchester, Hastings, Worthing. Earls Colne, 
and Swaffham in the Michaelmas Term, on Shakespeare; at 
Yarmouth in the Michaelmas Term, and at Sunderland in the 
l,cnt Term on the History of the English Navel in the iqth cenft4fy, 
and at Newcastle in the Lent Term on Four English Novels; iu 
the Michaelmas Term at Lowestoft on Victorian Poets and 
Novelists, and at Hull and Middlesborough in the Lent Term on 
the History of English Architecture., Mr J. H. Vincent (B.A. 
1899) lectured at Newcastle and Sunderland in the Lent Term 

Our chronicle. 115 

on Photography and Us relation to the Science of Light, Tlie late 
Mr E. J. C. Morton (B.A. 1880) gave a short course of lectures 
at Margate in the Michaelmas Term on Formal Astronomy, 

In the recent Civil Service Open Competition for 1902 the 
following scholars of the College obtained the third, fourth, and 
nineteenth places respectively. All have chosen posts in the 
Home Civil Service : 

Ds L. D. Wakely (B.A. 1901), India Office. Ds P. J. O. Rose 
(B»A. 1901) Scottish Office. Ds A. R. Kidner (B.A. 1901). 
Post Office. Mr Wakely, who was first of the Cambridge and 
third of the whole number of candidates, obtained the highest 
^RSi^f gate number of marks in Natural Science ; and he was ai«o 
first in four subjects : Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, and English 
Law. Mr Rose was second in Mathematics, first in Physics, 
and first in Geology. There were twenty-one Cambridge men 
in the list of those obtaining appointments* 

In the final examination of the candidates selected in 1901 
for the Civil Service of India Mr A. C. A. Latif (B.A. 1901) is 
placed first; Mr R. Casson (B.A. 1900) is thirty-second, and 
Mr P. B. Haigh (B.A. 1900) is thirty-fifth. The total number 
of candidates is forty-four. 

Ds W. M. Royds (B.A. 1900) has obtained a Student 
Interpretership in the Consular Service, and has been 
appointed to Japan. 

Ds F. W.^Marrs (B.A. 1902) has received an appointment in 
the Postmaster-General's Office in Capetown. 

Mr W. A. Marr, I C.S., who has been officiating as 
Magistrate and Collector of Heoghly, has been appointed to 
act as Magistrate and Collector at Midnapore, Bengal. 

Mr^W. N. Maw (B.A. 1891), I.C.S., Deputy Commissioner, 
Damoh, has been transferred to the Chandha District, Central 
Provinces, India. 

Mr F. X. D'Souza (B.A. 1893), IC.S., has been appointed to 
act as Judge and Sessions Judge of Khandeish, Bombay. 

Mr W. Gaskell (B.A. 1895) I.C.S., united provinces of Agra 
and Oudh, has been transferred from Azamgarh to Garwhal. 

Mr C. W. Tudor-Owen (formerly an Exhibitioner of the 
College, afterwards of Trinity Hall), I.C.S., was in July last 
appointed.Assistant to the Collector of Dharwar. 

Ds A. C. A. Latif (B.A. 1901) was called to the Bar at Gray's 
Inn on 11 June 1902. The Barstow Law Scholarship at Gray's 
Inn was awarded to Mr Latif at the same time. 

1 1 6 Our Chronicli, 

The following members of the College were called to the 
Bar on the 17th November 1902 ; at Lincoln's Inn, M. H. 
Visram (B A. 1898); at the Inner Temple, J. H. Bw Fletcher 
IB.A. 1902); at the Middle Temple, O. £. L. Sharpies (B.A. 

The following members of the College passed the Final 
Examination of the Incorporated Law Society held in June last, 
and thereby became entitled to be admitted Solicitors of the 
Supreme Court: A. W. J, Croos (B.A. 1899), J. L. Moore 
(B.A. 1899). A.VV. Lymbery (B.A. 1900) passed in the first class 
of the Intermediate Examination held at the same time. 

The second active service company of the Westmorland 
Rifle Battalion of the Border Regiment returned to Carlisle oa 
Thursday, June 19th. Lieutenants A. C. Scoular (B.A. 1896) 
and G. H. Shepley (B.A. 1900) have been the two subalterns. 
Mr Scoular had a great reception at St Helen's Colliery from 
the officials and staff. 

We understand that Mr G. W. Williams, late scholar of the 
College and sometime a Lieutenant in the 43rd company of 
Imperial Yeomanry, has obtained a scientific appointment in 
connection with the mining operations on the Rand. 

Mr G. Burnside Buchanan (B.A. 1890), M.B., CM., 
F.F.P.S.G., was in June last appointed Assistant Surgeon to the 
Western Infirmary, Glasgow. 

Mr Norman G. Bennett (B.A. 1891), M.B., B.C., LR.C.P., 
M.R.C.S., L.D.S., £ng., has been appointed Assistant Dental 
Surgeon to St George's Hospital. 

Mr F. A. Rose (B.A. 1895) has been appointed Junior 
Demonstrator in Pathology at St Bartholomew's Hospital. 

Mr C. H. Reissmann (B.A. 1895), MB., B.C., has been 
appointed a public Vaccinator in South Australia. 

Mr John Wharton, B.C. (B.A. 1891), has been appointed 
House Surgeon to the Manchester Eye Hospital. 

Ds H. J. Gauvain (B.A. 1902), Foundation Scholar of the 
College, has been awarded the first Senior Science Scholaisliip 
at St Bartholomew's Hospital. He has also been appointed 
Assistant Demonstrator in Biology at that Hospital. 

At a meeting of the College of Physicians of London held 
on Thursday, July 31st, the following members of the College, 
having conformed to the by-laws and regulations and passed 
the required examinations, had licences to practice physic 
granted to them: G. A. Kempthorne (B.A. 1898), St Thomas'^ 

Our Chrontcle. \ \ 7 

L. Orton (B.A. 1896), St Bartholomew's. A Diploma in Public 
Health bj the Royal College of Physicians and Royal College 
of Surgeons was granted to J. A. H. Brincker (B.A. 1895), 
M.B , B.C., St Mary's and University College, 

The following members of the College, having passed the 
necessary examinations and conformed to the by-laws and 
regulations, were in August last admitted members of the Royal 
Collegeof Surgeons of England : G. A. Kempthorne(B.A. 1893), 
St Thomas'; Loraine Orton (B.A. 1896). St Bartholomew's. 

At a meeting of the College of Physicians of London held on 
Thursday, October 29, a licence to practice physic was granted 
to H. Bently (B.A. 1897}, Guy*s Hospital. 

Dr J. H. Drysdale (B.A. 1884) has been appointed Medical 
Registrar to St Bartholomew's Hospital. 

Ds H. C. Cameron (B.A. 1901), Scholar of the College, has 
gained a University Scholarship at Guy's Hospital, London. 

T. Stuart, advanced Student of the College, who passed 
Part II of the Mathematical Tripos in June last, has been elected 
to a Junior Fellowship in the Royal iJniversity of Ireland. 

C. C. Carter has been elected to a (Tenor) Choral Student- 

The Technical Education Board of the London County 
Council in July last awarded a grant of £io for three years to 
A. £. Stansfeld, Foundation Scholar of the College. 

The King has been pleased to appoint the Rev Canon 
Augustus Jessopp (B.A. 18+S), Rector of Seaming, Norfolk, and 
Honorary Fellow of the College, to be one of the Chaplains in 
Ordinary to his Majesty, 

The Bishop of Llandaflf has appointed the Rev John Thomas 
(B.A. 1868). Vicar of Dyffryn, near Neath, to be Rural Dean of 
Groneath Upper (Western Division). 

The Rev M. F. Hilton (1871 did not graduate), some time 
Rector of Southwick, Sussex, was in June last presented by the 
Loid Chancellor to the Rectory of VVelton, Norihants. 

The Rev. H. T. Wood (B.A. 1872), Rector of Aldbury near 
Tring, has been appointed Rural Dean of Berkhamstead. 

The Rev T. W. Windley (B.A. 1873), organizing secretary 
of the S.P.G. for the diocese of Southwell, has been appointed 
Vicar of All Saints, Notiingham. 

1 1 8 Our Chronicle. 

The Rev George Hodges (B.A, 1874), Vicar of St James*, 
Bury St £dmundS| has been appointed Archdeacon of Sudbury. 

The Rev C. H. Fynes-Clinton (B.A. 1871), Rector of Bland- 
ford Forum, Dorset, has been appointed Rural Dean of 

The Rev T. Russell (B.A. 188 1), missionary at Allahabad, has 
been appointed Rector of Littledean, Gloucestershire. 

The Rev T. E. Cleworth (B.A. 1883), Rector of Middleton 
near Manchester, was in June last appointed an honorary canon 
of Manchester Cathedral. Canon Cleworth has been ofifered 
and declined the Bishopric of Auckland, New Zealand. 

The Bishop of Carlisle has conferred an honorary Canonry 
in his Cathedral upon the Rev H. T. E. Barlow (B.A. 1885), 
Rector of Lawford, formerly Junior Dean of the College and an 
Editor of The Eagle, Canon Barlow has been an examining 
chaplain to the Bishop of Carlisle since 1892. 

The Rev. W. H. Hornby Steer (B.A. 1885) has been appointed 
Acting Chaplain to the 3rd Middlesex R.G.A. Volnnteers. 

The Rev C. H. Salisbury (B.A. 1888), R.N., has been appoin- 
ted Chaplain and Naval Instructor to H.M.S Si George, 

The Rev W. J. L. Phillips, (B.A. 1894), R.N., has been 
appointed Chaplain to the SanspareiL 

The London Gazette of 3 October states that the King has 
appointed the Rev W. H. Ashton (B.A. 1894) ^^ the newly 
created living of St John, Old Trafford. Mr Ashton has been 
Curate of Whalley Range since 1898. His new parish has been 
constituted by incorporating parts of the parishes of St 
Margaret, Whalley Range ; St Matthew, Stratford ; and St Hilda, 
Old Trafford, into a new ecclesiastical district. 

The Rev F. W. Walker (B.A. 1894). who has been curate of 
St John's, Coventry, for the last five years, has been appointed 
to the curacy of North Petherton, and he is also expected to 
hold the small country rectory of St Michael Church, both 
parishes being near Bridgewater, in Somerset. 

The Rev M. Mnllineux (B.A. 1896), who was for some time 
with the forces in South Africa as Chaplain, has been appointed 
Chaplain in H.M. Fleet. 

The Rev W. S. Bowdon (B.A. 1899). formerly Choral Student 
of the College and Curate of Aston Brook near Birmingham 
since 1900, has been accepted by the Archbishop of Canterbury 
for the Assyrian Mission. 

Our Chronicle. 


The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

B.A. From To hi 

(1878) V. Shifnal V. Sclsey, near Chi- 


{1879) C. Green Street Green, R. Hailley, Kent 

(1869) M.ister at Weymouth R. Challacombe, Barn« 
College btaple 

(1878) R. Seale 

(1870) R. Trowbridge R. Maresfield, Sussex 
(1884) C. Upton with Chalvey R. Belchamp St i'aul^ 

(1873) Sec. S.P. G. 

Cavis-Brown, J 

Bancks, C. G. W. 

:Eustace, J. M. 

Wiseman, A. R. 
Ryder, A. C. D. 
Marsh, J. B. 

Windley. T. W. 

Bell, £. H. 

Nicholl, L. H. 
Ainger, W. H. 

(1877) V. All Souls, Grosve- 
nor Park, Camber- 

(1887) C. Ludlow 

(\Z^) C. S. Nicholas, Cathe- 
dral, Newcaslle-on- 

(1884) C. Ashby-de-laZouch 

V. All Saints', Not- 

V. All Saints', South 

R. Ribbesford, 

P. C. Prudhoc-on-Tyne 

Chester, F. E. ( 1 884 ) C. Ashby-de-laZouch V. Willcslcy, Leicester- 

Dixon, J. (1878) C.St Mary Magdalene, V. Willesden 

Mowbray, J. R-W. (1887) V. Little Hinton, 

(1884) C. St Marylebone 

Raby, E. W. 

Greeves, P. 

Atherton, E. E. 
Smith, H. G. 

Burland, W. 

Poynder, A. J* 

Stobart. W. J. 

Mackie, E. C. 

Bowers, J. P. A. 

Hartley, E. 

Goodacre, E. E. 

(1896) C. Whitby 

V. St Mathias on the 
Weir, Biisiol 

R. Jacobstow, Corn- 

V. St Sepulchre, Cam- 

V. Rockbeare, Devon 

V. All Hallows, 

(1886) C. Bradninch 

(1881) R. Halcwood, Liver- 


(1888) R. Compton Martin, R. Langridge 


(1883) V. St Michael's, Bur- R. Whilechapel 

leigh Street, Stiand 

(1864) V. St Augustine's, V. Caiisbrooke, Ible of 

Bermondsey Wij»ht 

(1882) V. Glaisdale V. Stockton in the 


(1877) Canon of Gloucester V. Sandhurst, Glou- 

(1876) C. St John's, Isle of V. Christ Church, Isle 

Dogs of Dogs 

(1887) C. All Saints', Hamcr, P. C. St John'*, Ather- 

Rochdale ton, Manchester 

The following were ordained on St Matthew's day, 
September lytli : 

Deacons: By the Bishop of Ely, F. A. Hannam (B.A. xqoi) 
licenced to St Matthew's Cambridge ; C. A. L. Senior (B.A. 
1900) licenced to St Mary the Great, Cambridge. 

By the Bishop of St David's, Jenkin Evans (B.A. 1902) 
licenced to Llansadwrn with Llanwrda. 

I20 Our ChronuleK 

A tablet has been placed in the church of St Mark, Wolver- 
hampton, as a memorial to the late Rev George Everard (B.A. 
185 1), who was for many years Vicar of the Parish. The 
inscription is as follows: "To the Glory of God and in 
affectionate remembrance of the Rev George Everard. M.A., 
Vicar of this parish 1868-1884. this tablet is erected as a loving^ 
tribute by his fellow-helpers in the ministry, T. Oliver, J. 
Powell. H. H. Dibben. W. T. Millfgan. • For he was a good 
man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith, and much people 
was added to the Lord (Acts xi, 24).'" 

St Michael's Church, Compton Martin, near Bristol, was 
reopened in July last, after a process of repair extending over 
twelve months. The work was carried out under the personal 
supervision of the rector, the Rev W^ Burlaud (B.A. 1887), 
without the intervention of a contractor. 

The *Ely Diocesan Remembrancer' for July — ^August 1902, 
has an account of the church of Marston Morteyne, Beds, which 
is in the gift of the College. There is also a view of the church 
reproduced from the summer number of * Country Life.' 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced : MendeVs principles of heredity^ A defence. With 
a translation of MendeVs original papers on hybridisation^ 
by W. Bateson, F.R.S. (University Press); Educational Sloyd, 
in Theory and Practice, by G. Sanderson Hodson, M.A. ; 
The Century Bible : Revelation^ by C Anderson Scott M.A. 
(Edinburgh, Jack) ; Modem Science and Modem Thought^ by the 
late S. Laing (6d. edition issued by the Rationalist Press 
Association) with a biography of the author (Watts) ; Mechanics ; 
A text Book of Mechanics and Hydfostaiics^ by Herbert Hancock, 
M.A., F.R.A.S., F.R. Met. Soc, Lecturer on Geometry to the 
Architectural Association, London (Sampson Low); The Sabbath^ 
a delight, by the Rev. W. A. Whitworlh, Vicar of All Saints, 
Margaret Street (S.P.C.K.) ; Corpus of Ogham Inscriptions^ 
by R. A. S. Macalister (Nutt) ; The Fenland Soils, by the Rev. 
E. A. W. Peacock, Vicar of Codney (The Naturalist); The 
Scientific Writings of the late George Francis Fitzgerald, edited by 
J. Larmor (Longmans) ; Elementary Geometry, by W. C. Fletcher 
(Arnold) ; A funior Chemistry, by E. A. Tyler, Science Master 
at Framlingham College (Methuens) ; History of the Cambridge 
University Cticket Club 1 820-1901, by VV. J. Ford (Blackwoods); 
A Tynedale Comedy^ by R. H. Forster (Gay and Bird) ; Waves 
and Ripples in water, air and ether. Being a course of Christmcts 
Lectures, delivered at the Royal Institute of Great Britain, by J. A. 
Fleming, M.A., DSc, F.R.S. (S.P.C.K.); 7'he Hiztory of 
fakmak. Sultan of Egypt^ by Ibn Arabshah, by Prof. S. A. Strong 
(Royal Asiatic Society) ; 2'he general treatment of Fungoid Pests, 
by A. Howard, Mycologist and Agricultural Lecturer, Imperial 

Our Chronicle. iic 

Department of Agriculture, West Indies (afficial Publication; 
of Three sermons preached be/ore the Unwerstty of Cambridge in the 
Long Vacation of \<^oz on the occasion of the Summer Meeting of 
University Extension Students) (University Press), two are by 
members of the College: The transference of the grounds 
of Religious Belief by the Yen. J. M. Wilson* Archdeacon of 
Manchester, and, Walking with Christ by the Rev H. E. J. 
Bevan, Prebendary of St Paul's ; A Text-book of Physics, by 
R. A. Lehfeldt (Arnold); Caesar's Gallic Wat, by A. S. Wilkins 

The following University appointments of Members of the 
College have been made since the issue of our last number: 
Dr D. MacAlister to be Assessor to the Regius Professor of 
Physic foe the ensuing year ; Dr H. F. Baker to be an additional 
Pro-Procter for the ensuing year ; Dr T. G. Tucker represented 
the University on the occasion of the Jubilee celebration of the 
University of Sydney; Mr R. F. Scott to be an Almoner of 
Christ's Hospital; Mr A, I. Tillyard and Mr H. Lee- Warner 
to be Members of the Board of Agricultural Studies ; Mr. J. 
Larmor and Mr A, E. Love to be Examiners for Part II of the 
Mathematical Tripos in 190^3 ; Mr T. R. Glover to be an 
Examiner for Part I of the Classical Tripos in 1903 ;. Dr Sandys 
to be an Examiner for Part II of the Classical Tripos in 1903 
and to be an Elector to the Piendergast Studentship : Mr W. J* 
Brown to be an Examiner for the Law Tripos in 19C13 ; Mr J. E. 
Purvis to be an Examiner in Elementary Chemistry ; Prof. A,. 
Macalister to be an Examiner in Human Anatomy for Medical 
Degrees in 1903 ; Mr F. F. Blackman and Mr T* T. Groom to. 
be Examiners in Elementary Biology ; Mr N. B. Harman to be 
an Examiner in Human Anatomy for the Natural Science Tripos 
in 1903 ; Dr Watson to be an Examiner for the Maitland Priz& 
in 1903. 


The following glimpse of the habits of our predecessors occurs in » 
•Turnover' on Trousers in The Globe for Tuesday, August 19th : 

From 1794 ^o half-way through the second decade of the nineteenth 
century the battle trousers versus breeches was a fierce one. If ridicule could 
have killed, trousers would have gone under at once, but they, or, rather,. 
theu* exponents, were impervious to the shower of chaff, squibs, and cari* 
catnres, and so carried the new style of clothing the nether limbs to unequi- 
vocal victory. At the universities the change created a great commotion. At 
Oxford, in 18 10, a proctor, named Rigaud, who winked at trousers in the 
streets, was compelled to resign because his laxity of discipline as to costumo 
gave offence to the dons. At Cambridge, in 1812, orders were made at 
Trinity and St John's Colleges that students appearing in hall or chapel in 
trousers should be considered as absent. A year or so later, however, this 
rule was not only relaxed at St John's, but the authorities themselves took to 
trousers, whereupon a wag remarked that " the college was going to ruin 
inasmuch as the masters and seniors had contracted the loose habits of the 
undergraduates.*' Gunning's "Reminiscences of Cambridge" states thftt 


12^ Our Chronidt. 

when the master of another college appeared in the article of dress alluded to 
he was greeted with — 

"Gadzoons! Gadzoons! 

There's Lowther Yates in pantaloons/' 

[The following entry is taken from an * Ordination Book' in the Episcopal 
Registry at Ely] : 

Apposicions made and taken before the Right Worshipful! Thomas Iibell, 
Doctor of Lawes, and Mr John Parker, clerk, in the Cathedrall Chuiche of 
Elye the xvth daye of Apiill Anno dumini 1568 of all such as intend to receyve 
holy orders the daye following. 

Lawrance Washington of thage of xxiiij yeares abydyng in St John's 
Colledg in Cambiidg Mr of Art exhibytyth his testimoniall vnder the hands 
of the Master and ceriayn fellowes of the same Colledg for his good conuer- 
salion, he redyth and vndcrstandeth the Latyn tong veiy well. He desyreth 
to be Decon and myndcth by God his gras to proceed in the mynistery. lie 
sayth he is legitimat and able to prove the same, he is well exercised in the 
Scriptute. lie wrytyih as follow) ih : 

*< Quicunque potestate resistat, dei ordinacioni 
lesistat, ad. Rom. 13." 

In the margin is written" Admissusin diacoimni." 

[Laurence * Wasshingtone * was admiUed a Fellow of the College f I Apifl 
1565. There appear to have been moie of his name alive at that lime. A 
Laurence Washington was instituted Rector of Colmer 30 January 1565-6 
and Rector of Fawley 27 October 1575, both livings, which are in Hampshire, 
were vacant about the end of 1609. A Laurence Washington was instituted 
Rector of Purleigh, Essex, 14 March 1632-3. He was ejected for loyalty to 
the King in 1642 (Newcourt's, Repertorium), The Hampshire incumbent 
was instituted before the Fellow of the College was ordained. And the 
Rector of Putleigh, if he was the Fellow, must have been neaily 100 years oi 
age in 1642.] 

The works of St John's College Chapel go on steadily. The mnin timbers 
are on from the apse within a couple of bays from the tower, and give an idea 
of the bold outline that may be expected. We observed workmen on the 
organ-chamber roof, on the north side of the chapel, which is a detached roof, 
the same pitch as the chapel. The caivers are cutting away at the apse 
windows and windows adjoining ; same of these are completed and look very 
rich : the arcade caps and other carving works already finished show that this 
department will be thoroughly carried out. Masons are turning the tower 
arches of the ante-chapel, and setting the window tracing and arches of the 
ante-chapel aisles— the mullions and jambs of the great west window are up 
to the tracery spiinging. The aisles of tbis ante-chapel will have ceiling of 
groined stonework ; and so will the rOof of the organ-chamber. The tower 
stands in the centre of the ante-cbapcl, nnd will be open for two stories, 
giving an elevation of about 100 feet to the groined floor of the belfry. Most 
of our readers are aware the main entiance is from the first court of the college 
into the south aisle of the ante chapel ; the sides of this doorway are of great 
depth, and with the arched head, will be full of elaborate sculpture and 
carving. It is the intention, we understand, to fill the windows with stained 
glass, some of which ate already ordered of Messrs Clayton and Bell. 

The Guardian, 25 Apiil 1866. 

The exterior of St John's College Chapel has anived at completion so far 
as its altitude is concerned. The finial of the last pinnacle of the tower was 
^xtd on Thursday {i,e. il December 1867) by Mr Powell, M.P. for the 

Our Chrcnicte. 123 

borough of Cambridge, and formerly Bye-Fellow of the college. The hon 
njciTiber was accompanied by Professor Adams and the Rev G. F. Reyner, 
Senior Bursar of the college* 

ITie Guardian^ x8 December 1867. 

tliomas Gray, the poet, in a letter to Horace Walpole from Cambridge 
13 December 1765, writes as follows: 

"I must tell you, that upon- cleaning an old picture here at St John's 
Lodge, which I alway«« took for a Holbein, on a ring which (he figuie wears, 
they have found 'H. H. It has been always called B. V. Fisher; but it is 
plainly a layman, and probably Sir Anthony Denny, who was a benefactor to 
the College" {7hg Works of Thomas Qray^ Gosse*s edition, vol iii, 2271 
TheEagU, xi* 118)* 

The College Library has recently been enriched by the gift of a MS. of 
great value from Dr Alexander Peckover, Honorary LL.D. of the University 
and member of the College. It formerly belonged to the Foundress of the 
College, the Lady Margaret, mother of King Henry VII, and was given by 
her to Lady Sbyrley* with the following inscription in her autograph : 

Afy good Lady Shyrley pray for 

Ale that gevythe you thvs b"oke 

And hertely pray you (Margaret) 

Modyr to the Kyuge. 
The MS. is of the 15th Century, and is wiiKen on exceptionally fine 
veHum and contains 176 leaves. It is entitled Horje BKAT^e Maria 
ViKGiNis, CUM Calendario, the Calendar being wtilten in blue and gold 
letters, and the first page of each month liuving a delicate border of leaves in 
gold. The miniatures, which are extremely beautiful and surrounded with 
delicate borders composed of leaves and floweis, are thirteen in number and 
comprise the following subjects : The Four Evangelists (in four initial letters) j 
The Annunciation ; Birth of Our Saviour ; Adoration of the Magi ; David 
piaying; Death striking a man, the same man dead, and received by Angels 
who rescue him from Devils ; The Burial of the Dead ; St John the Baptist 
and St George and the Dragon (in two initial letters) ; Our Saviour judging 
the World. 

The Lady Margaret, it is to be remembered, was the patroness of Caxton, 
our first printer, and his successor, Wynkyn de Worde, styles himself " Her 
Printer^ The Compiler of the Catalogue of the Fountaine Collection, at 
the Sale of which the MS* was purchased, supposes the volume to have been 
Written and illuminated by the Lady Margaret's command in the reign of 
King Henry VII. 

An important change has been made in a benefice closely connected with 
the College. By an Older in Council dated 11 August 1902, and published 
in the London Gazette of August r5th, the Rectories of Forncctt St Petet 
and Fomcett St Mary in the County of Norfolk are united into one benefice. 
These two parishes were presumably at one time separate, but for some 
hundreds of years were held by one incumbent. They were in bygone days 
of some importance as being the head of the Duke of Norfolk's manors in 
the County. By the effect of a deed dated 23 November 1723, and the Will 
dited 17th October 1726 of the Right Honourable and Reverend Richard 
Mill (formerly Fellow of the College and a noted diplomatist), the legal 
owner of the advowson is bound to present a Fellow of the College on a 
vacancy. From 1730 to 1844 the united benefice was held by a Fellow so 
presented. In 1845 under the Plurality Abridgement Act an Order in 
Council dated 10 December 1845 was obtained, and under this the benefice 

* The wife of Richard Shitleyi bailiff of Lady Margaret's Manor at Ware* 

1-24 Our Chfontck. 

was divided into two, Fonicett St Peter and Forncctt St Mary. The Rev. 
J. W. Colenso, afterwards Bishop of Natal, was the first incumbent of the 
newly created benefice of Fomcett St Mary. 

Recent experience has shewn that the parishes might with advantage be 
reunited again under one Rector, who could work the larger parish with the 
aid of a Curatew This has now been done by the first mentioned Older in 
Council. The Rectory of Forncctt St Peter was recently vacated by the 
appointment of Mr Radford to Holt and the Rev J. E* Cooper, Rector of 
Forncett St Mary was duly presented by Lord Effingham, obtained a dis* 
pensation to hold both livings^ and was instituted on the ftth October, whicU 
act again reunited the two benefices. 

On Monday, November 17th, the Church of Si Maiy, North Stoke was 
re^opened* The generous help of the College (as impropiiators), and large 
subscriptions from many interested in the work enabled the Committee to 
take all preliminary steps before the end of March. The work was entrusted 
to Mr W. Weir, who, in the interest of the Society for the preservation of 
ancient buildings, is constantly endeavouring to stem the tide of destruction 
which has ruined so much that is beautiful in England. Almost every day 
present to supei intend and direct, helping in some of the more delicate 
operations with his own hands, and giving the full advantage of his experience 
and judgment, he has made this fine old church one of the noteable features 
of Oxfordshire. The whole floor has been firmly relaid, the beams and lead< 
work of the tower made good, the curious frescoes on the walls have been 
carefully uncovered, the great beauty of the six chancel windows has been 
brought out by cleaiing away unsightly plaster, etc. The Altar rails have 
been removed several feet westward, the old oak work in the chancd has been 
cleaned and made good, the fine old pulpit transferred to the North side of 
the chancel arch, and the decayed old pews are replaced by finely shaped 
benches almost entirely of Oxfordshire oak. Much more has been done, but 
the main points are those ennumerated. Sir A. Condie Stephen placed his 
house at the Vicar's service for the day, and thus it became possible to receive 
the Bishop of the diocese with due honour. Robing at * The Springs ' his 
Lordship accompanied by his chaplain and the Vicar, was met by many of 
the neighbouring clergy at the cnurchgate. The service was a shortened 
form of Evensong, the Vicar reading the prayers, the lessons being read by 
the Rural Dean and the Rector of Checkendon. The Bishop in his sermon 
touched most happily on many features of the church which he admires 
heartily, and his visit gave intense satisfaction to the whole parish. About 
balf-an-hour was left for tea, and for a few words of kindly greeting to as 
many as could possibly be introduced in so short a time. A little later the 
Vicar, in the name of the committee presented Mr Weir with a handsome 
old silver cup. The Bishop of Reading and some of the neighbouring clergy 
who much wished to be present were unavoidably absent. 

We subjoin a hymn written by the Vicar (the Rev C. Stanwell) for n$e 
after the third collect. 

November 1 7, 1902. 
And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer 
"was wont to be made. 

Here, by the peaceful river side. 

Here, where our fathers prayed, 
With us, their children, Lord, abide. 
Our Light, our Strength, our Aid. 

Swiftly the chan^ieful waters flow. 

Life's changes soon are o'er; 
But Thou unchanged Thine own dost know. 

Here, and on yonder sliore. 

Our Chronicle. 125 

Where litis Thine ancient temple stands. 

More meet henceforth for Thee, 
Take, Lord, our lives, our hearts, our hands, 

Thy saciifice to be. 

Be with us in the daily strife. 

Till all its turmoil cease. 
Grant us Thy g^race to crown our life, 

And then, with Thee, Thy peace. 


By permission of the College Council, the oak-pannelled 
room on the ground floor of the First Court, formerly known 
as Lecture Room I, has been converted into a Reading Room 
for the use of Bachelors and Undergraduates. The room'above 
this, formerly Lecture Room II, is now Lecture Room I, and a 
new Lecture Room II has been provided on the Library^Stair- 
case by refurnishing a set of undergraduates rooms, and by 
substituting for the common * oak' of daily life a highly ecclesi- 
astical Looking door. The administration of the new Reading 
Room has been placed in the hands of a Committee, consisting 
of a Treasurer appointed by the Council, three members nomi- 
nated by the Committee of the Amalgamated Clubs, and one 
member appointed by the Committee of the College Debating 
Society. The Committee for this Term is as follows: — Mr 
J. R. Tanner,-7>r<M«r^r ; H. Sanger B.A., E. Booker and M. F. J. 
McDonnell (appointed by the Amalgamated Clubs); J. C. 
Arnold (appointed by the Debating Society). 

University Examinations. June 1902. 
Mathematical Tkipos Part I. 
Wranelers, Junior Optimts. 

Cunningham, E. 45 Hough, J. P'. {br) 

{Senior Wrangler), 58 Hoi ton, C. T. ipr) 

2 Slator. F. 
6 Goddard, H. (br) 
13 King, G. K. {br) 
19 Kennctt, W. H. (br) 

Mathematical Tripos Part II. 
Class /, Division 2. 
Ds Cama, C. B. N. 

The fpllovdng Advanced Student attained the standard required of 
Adranced Students for Part II of the Mathematical Tiipos. 

Stuart, T. 

Classical Tripos Part I. 
Firsi Class, Second Class. Jhird Class. 

Division 2. Division I. Division 2. 

Horowitz, S. Marts, F. W. Dickson, R. St J. 

Division 3. Division 2. 

Lavcr, L. S. Lasbrey, P. U. 

Robinson, T. H. 

Division 3. 
Gancli, II. L. 


Our Chronicle, 

First Class, 
Balls, W. L. 
Beacill, T. 
French, R. T. G. 
Gguvain, H. J. 
Laidlaw, P. P. 
Pdiiiell, T. 

Natural Scjencks Tripos Part I. 

Second Class. 
Gledhill, W. G. 
Giabham, G. W. 
Ds Kidner, A. R. 
McDonald, S. G, 
Priston, S, B. 

Third Class, 
Ashe, G. H. 
Brown, S. R. 
Fergusson, J. N. F< 
Grundy, M. 
Moxon, H. W. 
Kicholl, A. M. C. 
Patel, R. B. 

Natural Scikncks Tripos Part II. 

First'Class. Second Class. 

Ds Gregory, R. P. Mitchell, B. E. 

Ds Rose, P. J. G. 

Law Tripos Part I. 
Second Class. Third Class, 

Lewis, H. G. Singh, K. 

Wheldon, W. P. Meiivalc, B. 

Law Tripos Part XL 
First Clftss. Second Class. 

Ds Latif, A. C. A. Fletcher, J. H. B. 

Historical Tripos Part I. 
Second Class. Third Class. 

G.«rle- Browne, J. B. Sleight, A. B. 

Harding, W. J. 

Historical Tripos Part II* 

Second Class. Third Class. 

Teakle, S. G. Dodgshun, £. J. 

Tuiuell, C. M. 

Oriental Languagrs Tripos. 

First Class. 

Ds Senior, C. A. L. 

Medieval and Modurn Languages Tripos. 

Third Class. 

Woods, B. F. 

College Awards at the Annual Election, June 1902. 

First Class. 
Beniaus, £. A. 

Third Year {Dec. 1901). 
I-irst Class. 
Cunnin^^ham E. 

Kennel t 

Second Year, 
First Class. 




King, G. K. 

Third Year. 
First Class. 

Jenkins, H. B. 

Second Year, 
First Class, 

Fitst Year, 
First Class. 



Taylor, D. G. 



Johnston, D. V# 
Johnson, E. W. 

First Year, 
First Class. 
Wakely, H. D. 


Our Ckronide, 


J^irst Year, 
First Class. 



Second Year. 

First Class, 


First Year, 
Fint Class, 

Natuilvl Sciences. 

First Year, 
First Class, 




Foundation Scholajiships Continued for the Ensuing Year. 

m Ds Cama C. B. N. 
ns Balls, W. L, 
ns Beacall, T. 
m Beckett, J. N. 
h Benians, F. A. 
m CunniDi>hflin, E. 
m Gocldard, H. 
ns Ds Gregory, R. P. 
m Ds Havelock, T. H. 

e Horowitz, S. 
ns Jolly, L. J. P. 
m Kennctt, W. H. 
m King, G. K. 

/ Ds Latif, A. C. A. 

c Laver, L. S. 

fit Leathern, G. 

c Marts, F. W. 
ns Mitchell, B. E. 

c Norwood, G. 
ns Parnell, T. 
mech Ds Paton, A. M. 
m Phillips, S. H. 
th Pope, N. C. 

h Reece, M. G. B. 

c Sands, P. C. 
mor Ds Sen, P. K. 
or Ds Senior, C. A. L. 
ns Simpson, G. C. E, 

m Slator, F. 

c Wakely, H. D. 

Foundation Scholars Elected, 
c Baxter, A. H. Y. 
ns Catting, E. M. 
ns Foster. W. H. 
ns French, R. T. G. 
ns Gaovain, H. J. 
m Gold. £. 
ns Jenkins, H. B. 


Exhibitioners Elected, 
Booker, E. 
Crees, J. H. E. 
Leadman, W. M. 
Ticehurht, C. B. 


Laidlaw, P. P. 
Manohar L41 
Row, V. P. 
Taylor, D. G. 
Webber, H. N. 
Wood, E. 
Yeoh, G. S. 
c classics ; m mathematics ; I law ; h history ; mech mechanical science ; 
mor moral science ; ns natural science ; th theology ; or oriental languages. 

Third Year. 

Wrights Prizes. 

Second Year, 

First Year, 
Wakely, H. D. 

Hughes Prizes. Hutchinson Studentship. Newcombe Prize. 

Ihird Year. {for research in Physics.) (for Moral Phiosophy). 

Cunningham, E. Ds Vincent, J. H. Manohar L41 

HocKiN Prize. Adams Memorial Prize. College Prize. 

lf*>r Physics). Cunningham, E. {Research Students.) 

French, R. T. G. \ ^^ (Additional Prizes.) Cunningham, J. A. 

ParncU, T. ) ^^* Goddard Humphrey 

King, G. K. Ds Sutherland, D. G. 

12& Our Chronicle 

Hebrew Prizes. Qreer Testament Pkize, Ej^qlish Essay Prizes. 
How 9en^eU Third Year. 

Leadmaix Cameron, H. C. 

Second Year. 

First Year, 
Garle Browne. 

Mason PRIZE^ Reading Prizes. 

{for Hebrew). Booker 'J 

Ds Senior Hatten V ^q. 

Sleight \ 

Indian Citil Srrvicb. 
Latif, A. C. A. 

Open Scholarships and Exhibitions, December i9ox,. 

Foundation Scholarships of £%iQ : 

{/or Mathematics) Sears, J. E. (Mill Hill School), 

{for Mathematics) Stansfeld, A. £. (Central Foundalioa School, 


Foundation Scholarships of £to : 

{for Mathematics) Gough, H. J. (Woodbridge School). 

{for Mathematics) Hardy, G. S. (Mill Hill School). 

Foundation Scholarships of £\o : 

{for Natural Sciences) Crowther, J. A. (Sheffield Royal Grammar 

{for Nainral Sciences) Terapleman, W. H, (Hymers College, Hull). 
{for History) Rose, H. C. (Harrow School). 

Minor Scholarships of £to : 

{for Classics) Brooke, Z. N. (Bradfield College). 

{for Natural Sciences) Cullen, A. E. (Nottingham High School). 

{for Classics) Harris, H. W. (Plymouth College). 

{for Classics) Shannon, G. C. (Bath College). 

Open Exhibitions of£^o : 

(for Classics) Sharp, W. H. C. (King Edward's School, 

{for Classics) Hamilton, K. L. B. (Tonbridge School). 

Exhibitions {open pro hac vice) : 

{for Classics) Taylor, J. N. (Rossall School), £S^ for three 

{for Mathematics) Hulme, T. E. (Newcastle (Staffs.) School), 

jf 40 for four years. 
{for Mathematics) Balcomb, H. F. G. (St Paul's School), £zzi 

for three years. 
(for Classics) Bell, R. E. T. (St Paul's School), ^^33^ for three 

{for Natural Sciences) Hill, J. R. (Bradford Grammar School), £10 

for four years. 





Munsteven : 








Marquis of Exeter. 


Our Chronicit. 129 

English Essay Prizes. 

\For the Subject see Vol. xxiii, A 395)- 

Third Year : E. J. Qodgshun. 
Second Year : J. C. Arnold. 
First Year: M. F. J. McDonnell. 
flofwurably n^ntioned H. L. Clarke. 

Exhibitions Limited to Schools and Open Exhibitions* 
JEleded I October 1902, 

C. W, K Tiddy. 
W. Coop. 
H. S. K. Grimesv 
R. M. Moore. 
H. Edmonds. 

Open Exhibitions. 

L. Cullis. D. Kingdon. 

T. G. Stratn. S. Rostron. 

ii. K. Finch. B». D. D. D. Brown. 

A. Hyams. 

Rugby Union Fqptbai^l . Club. 

We have had a very successful term, considering the extra^ 
ordinary amount of injuries. On no single occasion have w& 
heen able to put a full side in the field ; and against Jesus — our 
heaviest defeat— no fewer than nine men were off. E. D* £vans„ 
W. T. Ritchie, W. Barradell-Smith and S. H. Scott, have all 
played at one time or other for the 'Varsity \ H. Lee was also 
asked, but was unable to play. Colours have been given to W« 
J. Hawkes (forward), C. A* Cummins (half) and K. L. R. 
Hamilton (half). 

The result of our Matches are as follows : 

For Against^ 

DaU. Opponent^. Ground. Result. G, T. P. G. T. P. 

Oct. 20. ...Queens'...... ....St John's. ...Won 2 i 13 013 

„ 22... .Christ's ....St John's.... Lost 013 2 2 lb 

„ 24.... Sidney St John's.. ..Won 2 o 10 026 

„ 27, ...Trinity ;.,. .Trinity Won 118 000 

„ 29. ...King's King's Draw 3 o 15 3 O 15 

«f 31.... Jesus Jesus Lost. 00 o 7 2 41 

Nov.- 3i , . .Trinity Hall . ^ . . ,.St John's. . . .Won I i 8 if i 6 

„ 5.. ..Pembroke St John's.. ..Won 2 i 13 105 

„ 10. ... Trinity St John's .... Won 2 . o 10 000 

„ 1 4.... Brasenose, Oxford.. Oxford Lost 10 5 4* i 22 

„ 25.. ..Clare Clate ........Lost 1*1 7 3 o IS 

„ 2 7.... Christ's ...Christ's ......Won i* o 4 00 o 

Dec. 3.. ..Pembroke Pembroke .... Wbn ■.3t.i 16 o \ \ 

♦ Dropped Goal. ' t Penalty Gdal. 


I30 Our Chronicle. 

Association Football Club. 

Captain— H. H. H. Hockey. Secretary —R. Booker. 

Although the prospects at the end of last season were very 
good, we have been unfortunate in haviug two or three of 
the team kept from tuining out by accidents, especially our 
captain, who was badly hurt while playing for the University on 
tour in Austria-Hungary. We hope, however, that he will be 
quite fit again by next term. H, B. Cox, our other back last 
year, has gone down, and so our defence has suffered consider- 
ably. As regards the League, we started the term fairly 
well, and accomplished a good performance by beating Queens' 
twice in four days. Towards the end of the term, however, the 
team fell off badly, and suffered defeat in three successive 

The Freshmen this year are far below the average, and B. T. 
Watts, who played in the University Freshmen*s match, has not 
10 far realised expectations. 

Results of Matches : 

Lfagub Matches. 
Played » Won, Lost. Drawn, 

JO 4 5 » 

Oiheh Matches. 

8 4 2 2 

Club, Ground, Result, For. Agst, 

Jesus Jesus .Drawn 0....0 

Clare Claie Won ..5.. .,o 

•Christ's St John's Won 6 3 

•Jesus.,,..,..., ,, Lost., 3.... 4 

•Pembroke Pembroke Drawn 3 • • • • 3 

•Emmanuel .. ..St John's Won.. .• ..6,. .,I 

West Wratting West Wralting Won 4. ... 2 

•Trinity Rest .... St John's Lost • ••3....4 

Pembroke „ ......Lost 2.... 4 

Caius...., , Won.. 3....0 

•Queens' „ , Won 3....1 

Emmanuel .... Amalgamalion . , Lost 2 .... 4 

•Queens* .,,.,. .Qiieen!»' Won 2 . . . , i 

•Caius Caius Lost 1....2 

Trinity Rest .... St John's Won 3 .... 2 

•Emmanuel .. ..Amalgamation. .Lost , i.. .,2 

•Trinity Rest ..Tiinity Lost 1 4 

Caius Caius .Drawn O. . . .0 

• Denotes League Match. 

The Annual Inter-University Bicycle Races were held at the 
Crystal Palace on July 4th. There were three races, and ail 
events were won by a member of the College. One Mile Race, 
O. L. Prowde, first, time 2 mins. 33 and 4-5th sees. ; Four Miles 
Race, O. L. Piowde, first, and R. F. Brayne, second, lime 
13 mins. 59 and 4-5th sees.; Ten Miles Race, O. L. Piowde, 
first, time 25 mins. 46 sees. 

Our Chronicle, 


Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

Balance Shut for the Year I90l-2i 


£ s. d. 

Gnnt from General Athletic 

Club 390 o o 

Entrance Fees and Fines.. 20 9 6 

Rejuiyments , 20 3 6 

i'430 12 o 


Overdraft at Bank 

C.U.B.C. Assessment «... 
,, Entrance Fee.. 

Hor»e hire (Metcalfe) .... 

Caie of horses (Callaby). . 
Boat House. 


Impeiial Taxes 


Foister, washing .....••• 

Munsey for Pi izes ....... 

Ayliog for Oais 

Wages (Foislcr & Taylor) 

Waier Kate.. 

Gas Rate 

Coal and Coke. 

Bills, Repairs and main- 

Fei rie.s and Locks 

Royston, P.dnting names 
of crews. 


Bliizeis and Caps foi Boat- 

Sundry small bills.. ...... 

Cheque Book 

Balance at Bank 

Cash in hand (Junior 


i s.d. 
13 2 6 
91 12 o 


37 17 o 
2 16 6 

14 10 

3 8 

I 10 

14 2 

R. F. Scott, Treasurer, 
Audited and found correct, Fkank Dyson. 

36 o 

74 I 
7 2 

I 13 " 

3 o 10 

39 18 6 

5 14 o 

18 6 

I 16 o 


" 'I : 

30 8 o 

I 13 9 

£^50 12 o 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

Officers :—/*«j/4^^/i/—L. H. K. Bushe-Fox, Esq. Treasurer-^T^. F. 
Scot t, Esq. First Captnin—Yl'. Sanger. Second Captain ^H. B. Carlyle. 
Hon. Secretary— H. G. Frean. Junior Treasurer — G. C. E. Simpson. 
First Lent Captain - S. R Biown. Second Lent Captain — R. R. Walker. 
'Jhird Lent Capiain^], T. Poole, Additional Captain—^. E. P. Allen. 

The Cambridge Amateur Regatta was held on Wednesday, 
August 6th ; the weather was, as usual, extremely bad. TJie 
L.M.B.C. was represented in the Maiden Fours, the Open Fours, 
and also by two crews in the Pairs. The Maiden Four won its 
first heat, but was beaten in the iiual by the Cambridge Amateur 
Rowing Club. The Senior Four were badly beaten by Pem- 
broke—the cox, when asked at the Railway Bridge where the 
other crew were, remarked. ** Buck up, they are still in sight" 1 
The cox is somewhat shortsighted. 

ij2 Our Chrontdc. 

In the Pairs neither of the crews were successful. Leighlon 
and Allen fouled their opponents accidentally near the start, 
while Walker and Sanger ran into the bank after a short distance. 
Several members of the club rowed in the Scratch Eights, but 
the only crew without an L.M.B.C. man eventually proved the 

The College was not represented in the University Fours, 
which were eventually won by Third Trinity in the record time 
of ro mins. 8^ sees. 

The weather this term has been remarkably good for practice, 
and the six trial crews which raced on Wednesday, November 26, 
were well up to the average. There was somewhat a lack of 
Freshers rowing, but the second and third year men shewed up 
Well. There were two Senior Trial Eights. No. i, which was 
originally intended to be a Freshers' Eight, degenerated through 
illness into only containing three freshmen. A good race was 
witnessed between this boat and No. 2 stroked by J. Stokes, 
No. I winning by a length. 

In the first heat for the Juniors the boat stroked by A. G. 
Walker won easily from the Rugger boat, stroked by H. L. 
Clarke. In the second boat the Mathematical boat, stroked by 
£. Cunningham, won from the Soccer boat, stroked by G. C. £. 
Simpson by 40 yards. 

In the final Walker's crew were again successful, winning by 
20 yards, Number 2 in the Mathematical boat having discarded 
his oar in the Plough Reach. 

Appended are the names of the winning crews : — 

Seniors, yuniort. 

bow H. C. Rose how K. Gold 

2 T. N. Taylor 2 W. H. Wrenford 

3 J. F. Spink 3 T. J. Whitehou^e 

4 J. C H. How 4 N. D. Pringle 

5 J. E. P. Allen 5 A. L. Watson 

6 J. S. Collins 6 C. W. Reynold* 

7 J. Fiaser 7 O. E^ruce 
stroke M.Henderson stroke A.G.Walker 

cox A. G. L. Hunt cox F. R. Saberton 

coach H. G. Frean cotuh H. G. Frean 

On Friday, November 2fst, there was a Lady Margaret 
Concert in aid of the Boat House Fund, held in the College 
Hallr at 8.30. It was in every way a success. The Hall was 
tastefully decorated with flowers and maiden-hair ferns, and 
draped with scarlet cloth. The success of a similar Concert 
last year acted as an incentive, and we were pleased to see a 
good number of ladies present. The programme was an 
excellent one and offered great variety ; encores were numerous. 
One event only was a disappointment to us ; Mr B. W. Atllee 
was unable to appear in his Ventriloqual Sketch, which caused 
so much amusement last year. It should be mentioned that 
the entire performance was given by Johnians Past and Present. 
About /'30 was the nett profit taken. 

Our ChronitU. 133 

Appended is a programme of the Concert i 

I PlAlfOFORTS DUKT No. 2, Op. 21 * . . . . Mo5%kowski 

G. C. Craggs, R. D. Waller. 

a S6^G '* I'll sing tbee songs of Araby" < iXliy 

H. J. W. Wrknford. 

3 feoNO "Varmerjan" * 

O. V. Payne. 

4 Vocal Quartet « Maiden listen ** Adams 

H. J. Wrknford, J. F. Spink, J. C. H. How, R. TtJRNER. 

5 Song ^ ." The Perfect Oar " 

H. Sanger. 

6 Musical Sketch..,," A Village Concert" ...., # 

J. C. H. How. 

7 Song «• Going to Kildare " Molloy 

R. Turner. 

8 Vrntriloquial Sketch , « ...., 

B. W. Attlkk. 


9 Song -....-*.. " The Song of the Past " G. A, Tiahursi 

G. A. Ticehurst. 

10 Pianoforte Solo. ..." Caprice Espagnol " . , * . . Mostk^nuski 

R. Sterndale-Bennktt. 

11 SONO " Come into the Garden Maud " ^..Balfe 

J. F. Spink. 

1 2 Barrack Room Baltad . . " Ford o' Kabul River " Cobb 

(by request) C. B. Rootham. 

13 Vocal Trio " Multiplication " Weber 

H. J. W. Wrenford, J F. Spink, J. C. H. How. 

14 Song "The Poet" West 

H. H. H. Hockey. 

15 Solo & CfiORUS . . " Lady Margaret Boating Song " Cat rett 

Solo by First Boat Captains. 

The New Boat House. 

In our May Term number {Eagle, xxiii, 389) we reported 
the progress which had been made towards collecting funds for 
the Boathouse. The amount then still to be collected was 
/'551 lis, 2d, The Contractors, Messrs. Rattee & Kett have 
now been paid the balance of their account £s^^ '6^* '^-i ^^^' 
being met by an advance from the Bankers on security of a 
deposit of the title deeds. 


Our Chronicle, 

We append a further list of moneys received up to the 
present. To this has to be added the amount realised by the 
Concert on November 21, this it is hoped will amount to ^30 
or a little over. Excluding this sum the deficit still to be 
collected is /494. sr. ^d. We venture to commend the cause 
to our readers. 

Sums Received since the May Term. 

I J. d, 

J. A. Cameron 2 2 o 

G. K. R. Evatt 10 6 

A. R. Ingram I i o 

O. May (1900) SCO 

Rev M. Mullineux (1896) 100 

Rev. J.J. B. Palmer (1888) i o o 

A. C. Secular (1896) 10 o o 

J. F. Spink I I o 

M. J. Trachtcnberg 10 6 

Subset iptions from previous lists now 

paid 25 o o 

Through the Treasurer 10 o 6 

ill 5*6 

St John's College Amalgamated Athletic Clubs. 

Balance Sheet for the Year 1901 -2. 


£ '■^• 

Balance in the Bank 44 19 I 

Subscriptions — 

Mich. Term '01 

229 10 o 

Lt. T. *02 204 2 6 

E. T. '02 294 2 6 

727 IS o 

£n^ 14 I 



To Lady Margaret Boat 

Club 390 o o 

M Cricket Club 112 14 11 

„ Football Clubs 41 9 4 

,, Athletic Club 34 16 6 

,, Lawn Tennis Club.. 83 o o 

,, Lacrosse Club 5 o o 

„ Hockey Club 8 12 3 

,, Fives Club.. .... ... 11 08 

Deficit on Long Vacation 

Account 1900—1901.. 13 18 5 

Collector's Fee 14 »3 i 

Commission on Scotch 

cheque o o 6 

Balance in Bank 57 8 5 

ill^ 14 I 

R. F. Scott, Treasurer, 
Audited and founl correet, L. H. K. BusHB-Fox. 

Our Cliruiiicle. 133 

General Athletic Cluh. 

At a committee meeting held on October 31st, the following 
were nominated as Junior Members of Commiltee : H. G. Frean 
(to be Secretary') and H. Chappie. These were afterwards 
confirmed at a General Meeting, H. Sanger, E. Booker, and 
M. F. J. McDonell were elected to serve on the Reading Room 
Commiltee for the current term. The usual grants were made 
to the various clubs. 

A general meeting was held on November loth, at which the 
two Junior Members of Committee were elected for the present 

The accounts of the Club were presented and passed at a 
Committee Meeting held afterwards, the balance in hand 
showing an increase on last year. 

Long Vacation Cricket Club. 

Captain — E. Booker. Honorary Secretary — H. Chappie. 

The Club had a very enjoyable and fairly successful season. 
Out of 14 matches played 5 were won, 4 lost, and the remainder 
drawn. Some close games resulted. 

The batting was the strongest point, the Captain, E. Booker, 
doing exceedingly well, scoring 550 runs for 10 times out. 

The brunt of the bowling was borne by J. W. Linnell, C. B. 
Ticehurst, and R. McC. Linnell. They were very variable, but 
at times bowled well. The fielding was occasionally good, but 
far more runs were lost in this department than need have 

Unfortunately correct averages cannot be given, as the 
scoring-book was not accurately kept. Centuries were scored 
by E. Booker and H, Chappie. 

The QSiial match was played with the Gyps, and resulted in 
an enjoyable day. Unfortunately, owing to the absence of 
several prominent members, the Dons' match could not be 

Athletic Club. 

At a meeting held on Wednesday, October 15th, 1902, the 
following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

President—PL, B. Sleight. Honorary Secretary— VT , T. Ritchie. 
Conmittee—Z^ W. Linnell, J. C. H. How, R. C. McC. Linnell, T. Parncll, 
C. B. Ticehurst, A. J. Hamilton. Ex-officio^Yi, Sanger, Capt. L.M.B.C. 

It was also proposed and carried that the Sports should be 
held in the Lent Term ; and that a return fixture should be 
arranged at Cambridge with Jesus College, Oxford. 

136 Our Chronich. 

Lawn Tennis Club. 

Long Vacation ^902. 

On the whole we had a very successrul Long, winning seven 
matches out of twelve. We were most unfortunate in having to 
play a very weak team in several of our matches. 

The following are the team. 

H. E. T. Dawes, F. W. Argyle, T. J. FA. Bromwich, P. H. 
Winfield, W. T. Ritchie, E. D. Evans. A. Chappie and H. 
Chappie also assisted the team in some of the hardest matches. 

List of Matches. 
Date, Opponents, Result, For Agst, 

July 16.. ..Jesus... Lost 4 5 

„ iq.. ..Ttiuity Lost 3 6 

„ 21.. ..King's Won 6 \ 

„ 24.. ..Sidney Won 8 I 

„ 25. ...Clare Won 7 » 

„ 28....Caius ..,,, Won 6 3 

„ 31., ..Sidney Lost 3 6 

Aug. I Mr Hunt's VI ....Won 6 3 

» 4*... Jesus • ..Lost 4.. .. ..5 

„ 8.. ..Emmanuel Won...... 6 3 

„ 9. . ..Pembroke ... ...Lost 3 6 

„ II.. ..Emmauuel Won 7...«...2 

Chess Club. 

President — Mr W. H. Gunston. Vice-President — G. Leathern. Secretary — 
J. N. Beckett, Treasurer—'^ , Lamplugb. Committee— I., J. P. Jolley, C- 

The Club has about twenty members this term. Two 
matches have been played up to date. The first, against the 
Conservative Club, we won by 5 games to i. In the other — 
with Trinity Hall — we were badly represented and lost by 
6 games to 2. G. Leathem plays regularly for the 'Varsity, and 
J. Hardingham has also played for them, 

"G" Company. 

Captain— Vi, C. Browning. Second Lieutenant — M. Henderson (attached) 
Second Lieutenant — J. N. Taylor. Col.- Sergeant — W. H. Kennett. 
Sergeant— Q, B. Ticehurst. Corporals— H, E. H. Oakeley, T. N. Palmer. 
Lance-Corporals -Q, K. King, W. J. Jones, J. T. Poole, P. St. J. B. 

The strength of the Company is at present 60, a not very 
satisfactory number. We have just received an oflficial intima^ 

Our Chronicle. 137 

tion that unless a vefy large increase in number takes place, tho 
College will lose its Comprtny. It would be a very great mis- 
fortune if this took place, and we appeal to the Freshmen, and 
those of other years ^ to join the College Company. The demands 
made on a man's time are of the slightest, and no one will find 
any difficulty in becoming efficient. The C.U.RV. went to 
Oxford on Saturday, November 22nd, for a Field Day with the 
Oxford, Eton, and other Corps. 

AH men who have begun their shooting are especially 
requested to complete it this term. 

We are very glad to welcome those members of "G" 
Company who have just returned from South Africa. 

The Debating Society. 

President— V7 , Barradell-Smith. Vice-President— M. E. F. McDonnell. 
Treasurer — H. L. Clarke. Secretary — H. H. Roseveare.. Committee — 
W. J. Hawkes, J. B. D. Joce. 

This has been an extremely successful term. A large number 
of Freshmen have become members, and the Society's coffers 
are over-flowing to such an extent that it is rumoured that a 
system of presenting Christmas Boxes to Ex-Presidents will 
soon be in existence. The debates have been well attended^ 
especially those of November ist, November 15th, and the 
Visitor's debate. 

It is hoped that next term the Society will be lodged in more 
comfortable quarters in Lecture Room I, over the Reading 
Room. The Executive are pondering over other epoch- 
making reforms, but perhaps the time has not yet come to 
speak of these. We take this opportunity of congratulating 
most heartily Mr J. Corry Arnold (Ex-President) on his success 
at the Union, and we hope, next term, to see our worthy Vice- 
President following in his steps. 

The following debates were held this term : 

October i^—ThQ Vice-President, Mr M. F. J. McDonnell 
moved •* That this House views with regret the decadence of 
Parliament during the last century." Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex- 
Pres.) opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr T. H. 
Robinson (ex-Pres.), Mr J. H. E. Crees; against the motion 
Mr H. H. Roseveare (Hon. Sec). Mr J. B. D. Joce, Mr M. I. 
Trachtenberg. 1 he motion was lost by 1 3 votes. 

October 25 — The Hon. Treasurer, Mr H. L. Clarke, moved 

•*That in the opinion of this House the Progress of the Worlji 

is due to men of one idea.*' The Hon. Sec , Mr H. H. Roseveare, 

opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr M. M. G. Sykes> 


138 Our Chronicle, 

JVIr M. G. B. Reece, Mr T. II. Robinson (Ex.-Pres.). Mr G. S, 
Yeoh, Mr M. F. J. McDonnell (Vice-Pres.) ; against the motion 
Mr F. R. Saberton, Mr W. J, Hawkes, Mr J. E. P. Allen, Mr 
Z, N. Brooke, Mr B. Merivale. The motion was carried by 
4 votes. 

November i — Mr J. B. D. Joce moved "That in the opinion 
of this House Life is not worth living." Mr W. J. Hawkes 
opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr J. C. Arnold 
(Ex-Pres.), Mr L. V. Wilkinson, Mr C. R. Reddy. Mr M. 
Henderson, Mr W. H. C. Sharp. Against the motion Mr Z. N. 
Brooke, Mr A. E. Stansfeld, Mr A. A. Mirza, Mr P. Henderson, 
Mr J. F. Spink, Mr H. W. Harris, Mr J. E. Sears. The motion 
was lost by 9 votes. 

November % — Mr H. W. Harris moved "That this House 
deplores the unsympathetic attitude of the present Government 
towards the question of Licensing Reform." Mr W. H. C. Sharp 
opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr T. H. Robinson 
(Ex-Pres.). Mr H. H. Roseveare (Hon. Sec), Mr H. L. Clarke, 
(Hon. Treas.) The motion was carried by 12 votes. 

November 15— Mr T. H. Robinson (Ex-Pres.) moved "That 
this House congratulates the University of Oxford on the 
retention of the study of Greek at Responsions," Mr A. A. 
Mirza opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr G. S. Yeoh, 
Mr J. H. E. Crees, Mr J. S. Collins, Mr M. G. B. Reece, 
INlr H. L. Clarke, Mr VV. Coop. Mr H. Edmonds. Mr E. D. F. 
Canham. Against the motion Mr E. A. Benians, Mr J. C. 
Arnold (Ex-Pres.), Mr J. E. P. Allen, Mr C. R. Reddy, Mr 
F. H. S. Grant. Mr Z. N. Brooke. Mr J. F. Spink, Mr P. 
Henderson, Mr T. E. Hulme. The motion was lost by 3 votes. 

November 22 — Visitor's Night. Mr G. K. Chesterton moved 
"That in the opinion of this House, a division into small 
nationalities is the best system for mankind.'* Mr E. S. Montaga 
(Trinity College, President of the Cambridge Union Society) 
opposed. There also spoke for the motion Mr H. G. Wood, 
(Jesus College). Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex-Pres.) ; the motion 
Mr M. F. J. McDonnell (Vice-Pres.) Mr T. H. Robinson 
(Ex-Pres.). The motion was lost by 3 votes. There were 60 
Members and Visitors present during the course of the debate. 

Natural Science Club. 

Ticehurst. Treasurer — Mr 

Tht Club meets on alternate Mondays. 

President^C B. Ticehurst. Treasure r-^Mr J. E. Marr. Honorary 
Suremry^K. R. Walker. 

Our Chronute. 139 

The following Papers have been read during the Term : 
i. By Mr K. C. Browning on " The Theory of Solutions." 
ii. By Mr R. P. Gregory on " Mendel's Theory of Hybrids/* Spccimcni 

Si. By Mr J. J. Lister on " Phrases in Life History of Foraminifcrt." 

lUostrated by the Lantern. 
!▼* By G. C. E. Simpson on ** Protection and Immunity against Microbes." 

Theological Soctety. 

Prtiidtni—T. W. Allen. Ex President— J, H. A. Hart M.A. 
Treasurer-^^. C. H. How Secretary— H. 1. W. Wrenford B.A. Elected 
on Committee— K. D. F. Canham and J. S. Collins. 

The Meetings have been held on Friday Evenings in the 
Rooms of various Members ; the following Papers being read : 

Oct. 17— "Tbe Catechism— S. Sulpice Method," by the Rev A. J. 

Robertson M.A. (College Missioner). 
Not. 7^««The place of a Theological College in Preparation for Holy 

Orders," by the Rev H. J. C. Knight M.A. (Principal 

Clergy Training School). 

Nov. 14— «« Repentance," by the Rev E. F. Wood M.A. (S. Giles'). 

Nov. 28 — "Methods of Work of Foreign Missions," by the Rev C. A. L. 
Senior B.A. (Great S. Mary*a Church). 

The Classical Reading Society. 

President — Professor Mayor. Vice-Presidents — Mr Sikes, Mr Glover. 

This term three new scholars became members of the 
Society. Meetings were held regularly every week. At the 
beginning of the term some Theocritus was read : the Society 
then turned its attention to Martial, of whose works a large 
quantity was studied. 

The Musical Society. 

President — Dr Sandys. Treasurer — Rev A. J. Stevens. Hon, Sec.—' 
R. Sierndale-Bennett. CmnmitUe—Yi, H. Roseveare, J. F. Spink, G. C. 
Craggs, R. Turner. Ex-officio—^r Rootham (Librarian), H. £. H. Oakeley, 
O. May, H. J. W. Wrenford, and J. C. H. Hiw. 

The Smoking Concerts this term have been very successful. 
A large proportion of the Freshmen have joined the Society, 
and in most cases the talent displayed by the performing 
members has been above the average. 

1 40 Our Chronicle, 

There is a good supply of Vocalists and Pianists, but Volinists 
are this year again conspicuous by their absence. 
Programme of first two Concerts : — 

First Concert on Wednesday, October 29th. 


I Pianoforte Solo '* Polonaise " , Chopin 

R. D. Waller. 

2 Song " Star of Eve " Wagner 

H. J. W. Wrbnford. 

3 Recitation " Battle of Naseby " Macaulay 

J. V. Wilkinson. 

4 SoNO " Tis Jolly to Hunt " SUmdale-BenneU 

R. Turner. 

5 Musical Sketch . .*' Our Village Concert " 
J. C. H. How. 

PART ir. 

6 Vocal Trio " Breathe soft ye Winds " Paxton 

J. F. Spink, H. J. W. Wrenford, J. C. H. How. 

7 Song "Die Post" Schubert 

J. F. Spink. 

8 Pianoforte Solo , • , , " Valse Caprice '* Chaminade 

R. D. Waller. 

9 Song ** King of the Vasty Deep " Withers 

R. Turner. 

10 Recitation " Old Mother Hubbard " , 

L. U. Wilkinson. 

Mr Dxson very kindly took the Chain 

Our Chronicle. 141 

Second Concert on Thursday, November 13th. 


1 Pianoforte Solo \ ' ' A^i;L?^''^*rC •.-•;, ^'^?^'''^ 

J ,,(b) ** b^i^nade Franyaise '* Orteg- 

G. C. Craggs. 

2 Song " Vulcan's Song " Gounod 

W. G. Gedhill. 

3 Violin Solo " Hungarian Dance." Joachim Brahms 

V. G. EZECHIEL (Cttius). 

' 4 Song '* Thursday " Molloy 

G. Beith. 

5 Recitation " Rubinstein's Playing " 

J. N. Taylor- 
part II, 

6 Vocal Quartktt. ..." Maiden, Listen " IVuher 

H. J. W. Wrenford, J. F. Spink, J. C. H. How, R. Turner. 

7 Song "Anchored" Watson 

P. G. Broad. 

8 Pianoforte Solo " Grillen " , . , . . Schuman 

G. C. Craggs. 

9 Song • " O, Like a Queen " Ahtson 

W. G. Gledhill. 

10 Violin Solo " Mazurka " IVieniawski 

V. G. Ezrchiel (Caius). 

Mr Bushe-Fox very kindly took the Chair. 

142 Our Chronicle. 

The College Mission. 

President — The Master. Vice-Presidents — Professor Mayor, Mr Mason, 
Mr Graves, Or Sandys. Committeey Senior Members — Mr Cox, Mr Dyson, 
Dr Shore, Mr Tanner (Senior Secretary)^ Mr Ward, Dr Watson {Senior 
Treasurer), Junior Aiemhers—Y , W. Allen, G. Beith, E. Booker, J. B. 
Garle-Browne {Junior Treasurer^ H. L. Clarke, J. S. Collins, R. P. Gregory, 
B. L. Kirkness, H. E. H- Oakeley, W. Ritchie, C. A. L. Senior, J. F. Spiu'k 
{Junior Secretary), R. R. Walker, E. WQkinson, H. J. W. Wrenford. 

A General Meeting was held on Wednesday, 29th October, 
in Mr Ward's rooms. 

The existing members of the Committee were re-elected. 
Mr J. F. Spink was elected Junior Secretary, and Mr J. B. 
Garle-Browne, Junior Treasurer. 

Messrs. H. L. Clarke, W. T. Ritchie, B. L. Kirkness, and 
E. R. Wilkinson were elected to serve on the Commitee. 

On October 20th, a meeting, which was attended by many 
Freshmen, was held in Mr Dyson's rooms. The Senior 
Missioner and the Rev N. W. Edwards (Cranleigh Missioner) 
came up for the occasion. A novel feature of the meeting was 
an account by E. Booker of the Boys* Camp, which was held 
this summer in a farmhouse at Water Stratford, near Bucking- 

The experiment proved an unqualified success, and it is 
hoped that many Johnians may be attracted to the Camp next 

On Monday, November 24th, by the kind invitation of the 
Senior Members of the Committee, the Junior Members and 
others interested in the work of the Mission were invited to 
meet the Bishop of Rochester, in whose diocese the Lady 
Margaret Church at Walworth stands. After a short intro- 
ductory speech by the Master, the Bishop gave a most interesting 
address on the importance and usefulness of the College Mission 
in the diocese of Rochester, suggesting that South London 
ought to be regarded as in a manner handed over to Cambridge 
as the special province of University work. He also spoke of 
the possibility of exchanging ideas with other College Missions, 
and to our consternation closed his speech by urging us to 
borrow from Caius two notions which we have already started 
for ourselves — a boys* camp and a photograph of the Mission 
Church hung in a conspicuous place. Much may be forgiven 
to a busy Bishop, and everything to the Bishop of Rochester. 

We are glad to note the increased interest shewn concerning 
the Mission^ especially among the Freshmen, and it is hoped 
that as many as possible will make an effort to visit the Mission 
during the Christmas Vacation. 

Our Chronicle. 143 

The Mission Camp. 

Diary of a Superintendent, 

May 16 — Had a letter from one of the Cambridge Committee, 
suggesting that we should organise some form of camp for 
some of our Walworth boys. Capital idea. 

July 7 — ^After much discussion as to date and place, heard of 
a farm house to let in Buckinghamshire. Went over to inspect, 
and found it an ideal spot ; four miles from a town, three from 
a Station, and half a mile from the nearest house. Large grass 
fields all round it, and a gentle stream, choked with bulrushes, 
for the boys to bathe in, a quarter of a mile away. Arranged 
to take the house for a fortnight in August. 

August 7 — Came down to Water Stratford, to make ready 
for the arrival of our tribe to-morrow. Ordered in beef and jam 
by the stone, loaves by the score, and other things in like 

August 8 — Friday. Up betimes and spent a busy morning 
arranging bedrooms and getting in the stores ordered yesterday. 
At 1 1.30 a steady downpour of rain began. Pity the farm is so 
far frora the station. Also no conveyance except an open farm 
waggon in which to bring the boys over. Spent a busy morning 
collecting umbrellas, sacks and tarpaulin aprons to keep them 
dry. Then discovered that the waggon had not started, so sent 
small urchin to buck it up and walked on. Found that the 
train had arrived half-an-hour before, and left a howling mob 
on the platform, yelling for their dinner. So unreasonably — 
hardly two o'clock yet. Promise a carriage and pair of horses 
to take them on if they will only wait, and then by means of 
• Uncle Remus ' and other stories help 1 — g and W — d, my 
colleagues in charge, to keep order. Three-quarters-of-an-hour 
later the waggon arrives. Why should there be a yell of *• Yah, 
it's only a dung-cart ! " So coarse! However, rain has stopped, 
and off we go. Reach Hill Farm at four, and get dinner 
started by half-past. Howls for second helps, which I have 
to sternly repress, and tell them to be thankful for what they 
have got. Comparative peace till supper time ; then pande- 
monium till all safe in bed, when order was restored by the aid 
of the apple tree in the garden. 

August 9 — Roused soon after ^\e by boys asking leave to get 
np. Let them do so at six, and got up ourselves at seven, when 
we began to make ready for breakfast. Fire would not burn, 
owing to damp sticks. Something to be said for civilisation 

144 Our Chronicle, 

after all. Breakfast at ten. which the ungrateful urchins seemed 
to think late. However, other meals came at reasonable hours, 
and the rest of the day was spent in exploring the neighbour- 

August 10 — Great boot-cleaning parade before breakfast in 
honour of Sunday. After Church the Parish Clerk, who 
manages the Army and Navy Stores here, said to me ** Beg 
pardon, Sir, but one of them boys of yourn asked for some 
cigarettes yesterday. I told my wife not to give *em any, but I 
thought I had better mention it to you." Sensible man — why 
can't they chuck smoking for a week ? Do them a world of 
good to stop eating sweets as well. 

August 1 1 — Ten boys came in an hour and a half late for 
dinner. Decided to give them no pudding in consequence. 
An indignation meeting held wliile Staff were dining, at which 
the speakers declared that they had been given ** nothing but a 
ha'porlh of cat's meat and three green potatoes.'* Later, after 
dining like the boys on boiled beef, we were greeted with yells 
of •* Starvation." " I ain't a going to speak to Mr E — e." 
Afternoon, Staff augmented by the arrival of W — r. Evening, 
sent W — d and I — g to the baker, two miles off, for supplies. 
They took two and a half hours over the journey and then said 
they had missed their way at the turning by the Kolly Bush. 
Remarkable accident; found no difficulty there myself on 

August II — Feeding Walworth boys is like pouring water 
into a sieve. In spite of the supplies brought in last night we 
agam ran out of bread this afternoon. Went to the baker but 
found that he was out on his rounds, so had to sit out in the field 
till he arrived at 7.30. So provoking : boys had been promised 
their tea by half-past five. 

August 13 — Kit-bag full of cricket things, etc., arrived from 
Walworth, Only difficulty now the weather, which is pouring. 

August 14 — Fine morning, so we took the boys down to the 
river — a young Amazon, eight feet wide end three deep — to 
bathe. Much enjoyment on the part of some boys and much 
distress on that of others. Bathing voluntary, but all who went 
in had to go under — a process leading in some cases to duckings 
and frenzied appeals to •* Muvver.'* However, all enjoyed a run 
across the field in the sun afterwards. Afternoon, took half-a- 
dozen boys to see Beaumont Castle, four miles from here. 
Horrid sell — the " Castle " consists only of grassy mounds, 
which entirely choked off the ardour of my budding archae- 
ologists. Fear my character is gone for ever. On the way 
back called at the station for S — r and B — r. who have come 
from Cambridge. 

Our Chronicle, 145 

August 15 — AwfuJ castastro4)he seems to be impending. 
Pump shows signs of giving out. Name of Water Stratford 
seems to have been given in bitter irony, and a ghastly picture 
rises in the mind of 32 hapless boys and staff dying of thirst. 
A custom has grown up of the staff telling the boys stories when 
they are in bed at night. A danger here too of the springs 
running dry. However, boys conveniently noisy at tea, so stores 
severely cut off for the present. 

August 16— Water still short, so staflf had to do without 
washing. So did boys till after breakfast, when we packed off 
the lot for a Washing Parade down at the river. Vast success — 
saved a world of trouble as well. During the morning a piano, 
ordered yesterday afternoon, arrived from Buckingham. Boys 
delighted, and with reminisences of a story from Pickwick told 
in bedrooms, dubbed it the ** Sausage Machine." These London 
lads get strange notions into their heads. One of them said to 
me to-day •* Say, Mr. E — e. Baa-lamb says you are going to be 
summoned." ** Oh " said I •* What is that for ?" •* Yes. its all 
right Sir, you are going to be summoned for cheating the 
barber.'' And anyone might iiave seen that I had not been 
near the barber for a week. 

August 17 — Sunday, and so a temporary lapse into respect- 
ability, — so much so, that a boy asked one of the Siaff— ^ 
"Doesn't that collar hurt your feet. Sir.? In the afternoon,, 
caught a small urchin up an apple tree in the garden. Decided 
not to lick hkn, but deeply regretted that it was Sunday, for I 
got a beautiful yew-twig for the benefit of some absentees from 
dinner yesterday, which would have suited the case exactly. 
The Rector gave us two large pots of honey a day or two ago. 
So we gave the boys bread and honey for tea. However, they 
would hardly eat it — thought it was treacle. Evening wet and 
stormy, so we had service in the dining room. A real success,, 
I believe— ^boys attended well and responded heartily. 

August 18 — Piano invaluable, for the day hopeles.-^ly wet and 
even cricket in the barn palls after a few houes. But S — r has 
already earned the title of Dan Leno H, and B — r is a first rate 
accompanist. This afternoon, gave the boys bread and treacle, 
which they ale with gusto, thinking it was honey. At a Staff 
meeting held afterwards it was unanimously decided to eat the 
honey ourselves and not waste more of it on the boys. 

August 20 — Signs of approaching disintegration beginning 
to appear in the party. I — g left us yesterday and S — r followed 
suit to day. Boys dispersed in parties to Brack ley, Buckingham 
and elsewhere, buying presents. At our concert this evening 


146 Our Chronicle^ 

we liad a Vive-la upon our time at Water Stralfonl. composed 
by some of the Staff — Vastly appreciated, — only difficulty to get 
the boys quiet enough to hear the words. 

August 21 — Staff reduced to three by the departure of W — r, 
Cycled to Buckingham in the afternoon to pay a few of our hills, 
but found the whole place shut up, Thursday being Early 
Closing Day. Am still in a state of ** Water, water everywhere, 
but not a drop to drink**— a crossed cheque for £\^ in my 
pocket, and hardly a penny wherewith to pay bills in the village. 

August 22 — Went to bed soon after one, and from 5.30 
onwards disturbed by a succession of boys asking if it was time 
to get up. Got the boys away by 8.30, and then went through 
furniture, etc., with the man from whom we hired the things. 
Chief breakages, in the spoon department, for Staff was given a 
jam-tart the other day which proved fatal to several spoons 
before we took to using pocket knives. Cycled to station and 
arrived, with the waggon, five minutes before the train came in. 
Reached Marylcbone at ir.30, where we found a crowd of 
anxious mothers, who seized on the various fragments of our 
party and carried them oflf — parcels, apples, frogs, flowers, 
bulrushes and all. 

Saturday Night Service. 

In th€ Ante- Chapel at 10 9^ clock, 

Ohjecls : — (i) Intercession for the College Mission ; (ii) Inter- 
cession for Foreign Missions ; (iii) Preparation for H0I7 
Communion ; and kindred objects. 

Committee— Y. Watson D.D., J. T. Ward M.A., F. Dvson \f.A., 
C. A. L. Senior B.A., E. A. Benians B.A., W. H. Kennett B.A., F. W. 
Allen, G. Bcith, E. D. F. Canham, H. L, Clarke, J. S. Collins, N. C. Pope, 
T. H. Robinson, J. F. Spiuk. 

The following is a list of the addresses during the current 
Term : 

Oct 18 — Mr A. J. Roheitson, Senior College Missioner at Walworth, 

„ 25— Mr R. H. Kennett, Fellow and Lecturer of Queens' College. 
Nov I — Mr W. G. Hanison, of the Univcrsiiies' Mission to Central 

„ 8— Mr E. S. Woods, Chaplain of Ridley Hall. 

„ 15— Mr H. J. C. Knight, Principal of the Clergy Training School. 

„ 22— Dr A. J, Mason, Lady Margaret Professor of DiTiniiy, 

„ 25 — Mr. DjsoH. 

Our ChrcmcU. 147 

College Calendar, iqoj. 
Le!«t Term (79 days, 60 to keep). 

All years come up Wednesday January 141 

Lectures begin Friday Januaiy i6. 

College £zamin;4iions .... about March 1 1 — 14 

[Teim kept Saturday March 14.] 

Eastek Term (68 days, 5 1 to keep). 

Alt years come iip ..Friday April 24. 

Lectures begin Monday April 27. 

College ExaminaiiuDs .. about June 8 — 13* 

[Teim kept Saturday June 13.] 

Michaelmas Term (80 days, 60 to keep) 

Sizarship Examination. < . .Thursday October f. 

First year come up Friday . , October 9. 

Olher years come up ruesday October 13. 

Lectures beijin Thmsdiiy October 15. 

< 'ollcrge Examinational about .December 7 — 10. 

[Term kept Fiiday December 1 1.] 

Entrance Examinations will be h<fld on January 15, April 24, 
August I, and October i. 


• The asttruk denotes past or present Members of the College^ 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Midsummer 1902. 


SclieflTers (Dr. Georf*). Finfiihrung in die^ 
Tlieoiie der Fliiclien. 8vo. Leipzig 1902. j. 

348-53 ) 

Calliniackus. Worksv Translated into English \ 
Veisc, by H. W. Tyller. 4to. Loud. 1793* \ 

Ii.6.40 j 

Penrose (F.C). On a Melliod of predictingv 
l)y Graphical Conbtiuciion OccuUationsof I 
StMrs by ibe Moon and Solar Eclipses for I 
any given Place. 2nd Ediiion. fol.Lond. [ 

1902. 4-14 ; 

Official Yenr-B4Jok of ihe Chuich of England \ 
for 1902. Library Table \ 

Royal Irish Academy. Tiansaclions. Vols.x 
XXVI., XXVIII— XXX. 4to. Dublin, I 

187993. 3-3929-32 1 

Sawyer (Sir James). Contributions to Practical C 
Medicine. 31 d. Edition. 8vo» Birndng- f 
bam, 1902. 3-27.57 I 

•Sayle (C). Early Enjili^h Printed Books in' 
ibeUnlverNily Library, Cambridge (1475-* 
1640). Vol. 11. E. Mattes to R. Marriol, 
and En|:.'lish Provincial Presses. 8vo. 
Camb. 1902 

Examination Papers for Entrance and Minor 
Scholaisbi|>s and Exhibitions in the 
Colleges of ibe Univerbity of Cambridge. 
Parts xxxiv. — xxxvi. 4to. Camb. 1902.. 

Cape of Good Hope Observatory. Results of 
Astronomical Observations made during\ 
the Years 1877, 1878-79. 2 Vols. 8vo 
Edin. 1901. 

— -^ Results of Meridian Observations of 
Stars made in the Years 1896 and 1897 ; 
and 1898 and 1899. 2 Vols. 4to. Edin. 

1901 4.»3 

Greenwich Royal Observatory. Results of 
the Spectroscopic antl Photographic 
Observations made in the Year 1899. 4to. 
Edin. 1900. 4.13 

— Astronomical and Magnetical and 
Meteorological Observations made in the 
Year 1899. 410. Edin. 1901. 4 12 



Mr Hudson 

H. L. Garrett> Esq. 

The Author. 

Dr Sandys. 

Professor A. Macali&ler. 

The Author. 

Syndics of the 
University Piesa. 

The Astronomer Ro}'aL 

The Library, 


*Rollcslon (H. D.). Splenic Anaemia. (Re-| 
printed from the * Clinical Journal/ April \ 
i6lh, 1902.). 8vo j 

•Bonney (Prof. T. G.). On a Sodalile Syenite 
(Ditroite) from Ice River Valley, Canadian 
Kocky Mountains. (Extracted from the 
* Geological Ma(;azine,' May 1902.) 8vo. 

■ Moraines and Mud Stieams in the Alps. 
(Extracted from the 'Geological Maga- 
zine,' Jan. 1902). 8vo 

Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceed- 
ings. Vol. XI. Part V. [Lent Term 1902.] 
8vo. Camb. 1902 

Royal Society of London. Catalogue of' 
Scientific Papers (1874-1883). Vol. XI. 
(Pel. — Zyb ) and Supplementary Volume. 
2 Vols. 4ln.Lond. 1896-1902. 3.42.11,12. 

•Walkin (J. W. S.) The Christian's Prayer, 1 
with Poems, religious and moral. 8vo. 
St. Leonards-on-Sea, n.d. 1 1. 1 8. 56 

Fruissart (J.) Chionide. Translated out of v 
French hy Sir John Bourchier, Lord 
Bcrners, Annis 1523-25 With an Iniio- 
duclion hy W. P. Ker. Vols. III. and IV. 
(Tudor Translations). 8vo. Loud. 1901-2. 

Huygens (C). CEuvres completes. Tome IX. 
Conespondance 1685-1690. 4to I-a Haye, 

I90» 342 

•Brown (W. Langdon). Pylephlebitis (Ray- 
mond Horton-Smilh Piize, 1901). 8vo. 
Lend. IQ02. 3.4445 

Calendar of Letter Books preserved among 
the Archives of the Corporation of the 
City of London. Letter-Book D. circa 
A.D. 1309- 1314. Edited by R. R. Sharpe. 
8vo. Lotid. 1902. 5.40.8 

Colchester. Souvenir of tlie Opening of the' 
Town Hall, Colchester, by the Earl of 
Rosebcry, K.G., 15 May, 1902. 410. 
Colchester, 1902 ^ 

List of Subscribers to the Portrait and Bust' 
of Professor G. D. Liveing.* (specially 
boundcopy). 4to. Camb. 1901. Aa. 1.5. 

Hiorns (A. H.) Metallography. An Intro-' 
duction to the Study of the Structure of 
Metals, chiefly by the Aid of the Micro- 
scope. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 3.47.3 ^ 

The Author. 

" The Author. 

Dr. Shore. 
Mr Laimor. 
The Author. 

V The late Mi R. Peiidlebmy. 
The Author. 

The Town Cleik of the 
Ciiy ol Londuu. 

Mr MulUnjicr. 
Professor Lewis^ 

DrD. MacAli^tcr. 


Annual Register for the Year 1 90 1. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 5.18. 

Beddard (F. E.). Mammalia. (Camb. Natural History Series. Vol. X). 8vo, 

Lond. 1903. 3 26. 
Cambridge Portfolio, The. E«lited by the Rev. J. J. Smith. 2 Vols. 4to 

Loud. 1840. A.l.().27,28. 

1 5 o The L ibrary. 

Catalop^iie g^iieral de la T.ihrniiie Iran^iae. Continuation de TOuvrage 

d'Oito Lorenz. Tome XIV. Fasc. 4. (Duval-Hyvemai). 8vo. Paris. 

Cbeync (T. K.) Founders of Old Teslanicnt Criticism. 8vo. Lend. 1893. 

Cominentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. Vol. VI. Pars. i. Syrianus in Meta- 

pbyskica. 8vo. Berolini, 1902. 
Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum Peloponnesi et lusularum Vicinarum. 

Vol. I. fol. Bciolini, 1902. 
Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum. Vol. XXXVI. Sancti 

Auicli Au^ustini Opera (Sect. I. Pars. 2): Retractationuin Libri 11, 

Ex recen?. Pii Knoll. 8vo. Vindobonae, 1902. 9.35. 
Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by James Hastings, wiia the assistance of 

John A. Selbie, etc. Vol. IV. Pleroma-Zuzim. 8vo. Edin. X902. 7.^. 
Dictionary (New English) on historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H. 

Murray. (Leisuicness — Lief). 410. Oxiord, 1902. 
Encyclopaedia Biblica. Edited by the Rev. T. K. Cheyne and J. S. Black. 

Vol. III. (L to P). 4to Lond. 1902. 7.3. 
Henry Bradshaw Society. Vol. XXII. Ordinate Sarum sive Dircctoriam 

Sacerdotum. Transcribed by the late Wm. Cooke and edited fiom his 

Papers by Chr. Wordnvorth. Vol.11. 8vo. Lond. 1902. Ii. 16.59. 
Herzog (J. J.). Realencyk1opa<Iie fur protestanlische Theologicund Kirche. 

Heraus);. von D. Albert Hauck. Band X. 8vo. Leipzig, 1901. 9.1.49. 
Historical AISS. Commission. Report on MSS. in v.trious Collections. 

Vol. I. 8vo. Lond. 1901. 6.8. 
Maiden (H. E.). Trinity Hall. (College Histories Series). 8vo. Lond. 1902. 

Philo Alcxandrinus. Opera quae supersunt. Vol. IV. Edidit L. Cohn. 8vo. 

Berolini, 1902. 9 34-53- 
Rolls Series. Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record 

Office. Edward I. 1279-1288. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 5.40. 
Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, March ist to October 31st, 

1673. Edited by F. H. B. Daniell. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 5 3. 
Royal Historical Society. The Despatches and Coirespondence of John, 

Second Earl of Buckinghamshire, Ambassatlor to the Court of 

Catherine II. of Russia, 1762- 1 765. Edited by A. D'Aicy CoUyer. 

Vol. II. snv 4to. Lond. 1902. 5.17,171. 
^Sergeant (J.) Tmnsnatural Philosophy, or Metaphysicks. 8vo. Lond. 1700. 

Schisnj di^pach'i or a Rejoynder to the Replies of Dr Hammond and 

the Ld. of Deny. 8vo. n.p. 1657. Qq.12 29. 
A Discovery ol the Groundlessness and Insincetity of my Ld. of Down's 

Dissuasive. Being the Fourth Appendix to Sure-Footing. 8vo. Lond. 

1665. Qq 12 30, 
— — F'ive Catholick Letters concerning the means of knowing with 

absolute ceitainty what Faith now held was taught by Christ, sm. 410. 

Lond. 1688. S. 10.13. 
——-Non Ultra: or, a Letter to a learned Cartesian. i2mo. Lond. 1698. 

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica. Vol. V. Part ii. Texts from Mount Athos. 

By Kirsopp Lake. 8vo. Oxford, 1902. 
Tannery (J.) el Molk (J.). Elements de la Th^orie des Fonctions elliptiquet. 

Tome IV. Fasc. 2. 8vo. Paiis, 1902. 
Weierstrass (Kail). Matheniatische Werke. Band IV. 4to. Beilin, 1902. 


The Library, 


Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Michaelmas 1902, 



no. \ 

•Harkcr (A.). Petrographie. Introdiiclion i' 
TEiude des Roches au Moyen du Micros 
cope. Tratlait del' Anglais par O.CIieiiiin 
8vo. Palis, 1903. 3.4510 

•Evans (T. S.). A Sermon preached ins 
Durham Cathedral, October 2 1 si, 1877. 
8ro. Durham, 1877 

Bather (Edwitrd). A Sermon preached on 
Sunday, December 15, 1839, on occasion 
of the Death of the Rt. Rev. Samuel 
Butler.* 8vo. Lond. 1840 

•Lloyd (T. Biicknnll). Archdeacon Lloyd's 
First Atchidi.iconal Visitation, held in 
St. Chad's Church, Shrewsbury, May 
20th. 1886. 8vo. Shrcwslmry, 1886 / 

•Waldo (F. J.). Golden Rules of Hytiene. 
(Golden Rules Series No. X.). 32m( 
Bristol and Lond. [1901]. Aa.3 

•Brown (W. Jethro). The Study of tl»e Law. 
An Inaugural Lecture delivered in the 
University College of Wales, Oclobei 
19th, 1901. roy. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 


Depping (G. B.). L'Anglelerre, ou Descrip- 
tion historique et typographique du 
Koyaume-Uiii de la Grande-Bretagne. 
2nde Edition. Tomes I.-V. i2mo. 
Paris, 1828. 10. 16.2-6 

•Scott (Rev C. Anderson). Revelation. In- 
troduction, Authorized Version, Revised 
Version, with Notes, Index and Map 
(The Century Bible). 8vo. Edin. 1902 

Holgate (C. W.l. A Memorial of Henry 
Winckworih Simpson* privately printed, 
Svo. Salisbury, 1902. 1 1.28.40 

Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceed- 
ings. Vol. XL Part vi. [Easter Term, 
1902I. 8vo. Camb. 1902... 

Fricke (Dr. R.). HauptsateederDiffereniial- 
und Integral Rechnung. 3 Thle. 8vo. 
Braunschweig, 1897-1902. 3 50.5 

The Author. 

Professor Mayor. 

The Author. 
The Author. 

P. B. Haigh, Esq. 

The Editor. 

The Author. 
Dr Shore. 
Mr Bronnwich. 


Cambridge Antiquarian Society. Octavo Publications. No. XXXIV. 
Christ Church, Canterbury : (i). The Chronicle of John Stone, Monk of 
Christ Church 141s — 1471. (ii). Lists of the Deans, Priors and Monks 
of Christ Church Monastery. Edited and Compiled by W. G, Seaile. 
8vo. Camb. 1902. Library Table, 

152 The Library, 

Cluacer Society. A new Ploughman's Tale : Thomas Hocclcve's Legcnil of 

(he Virgin and her Sleeveless Garment, with a spurious Link. Edited 

by A. Beatty. 8vo. Loml. 1902. 
The Cambridge MS. Dd. 4. 24 of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales completed 

by the Egcrton MS. 2726. Edited by F. J. Furnivall. Part I. 8vo. 

Lond. 1901. 
Specimens of all the accessible unprinted MSS. of the Canterbury Tale*. 

Pait VII. The Clcrk^s Tale and Head-Liuk, put forth by F. J. 

Furnivall. ob. 410. Lond. 1 900. 
Second Supplement to the Six- Text Pardoner's Prolog and Tale. Put 

forth by F. J. Fundvall. With an Introduction by Prof. John Koch. 

ob. 4to. Lond. 1900. 
Corpus Iiiscriptionum Latinarum. Vol. III. Sup|)lementum. Pars Posteiior. 

Fasc. iv. and v. fol. Berolini, IQ02. 
Dictionary (New English) on historical Principles. Edited by Dr J. A. H. 

Murray. (O-Onomastic). 410. Oxfoid, 1902. 
Egypt Exploration Fund. Twenty-Second Memoir. Abydos. Part I. 1902. 

By VV. M. Flinvlers Petrie, with Chapter by A. E. Weigall. 4I0. Loud. 

1902. 9,15, 
Encyclopaedia Britannica 91I1 Edition. Vols. XX.V.— XXVII. 4to Lond. 

1902. 4.2. 
Gairdner (James). The Er>glish Chunli in the i6th Century from the 

Accession of Henry VI LI to the Death of Mary. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 

5.31 4. 
Historical MSS. Commission. Report on the MSS. of Colonel David Milne 

Home of Wedderburn Castle, N B. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 6.8. 
Rolls Series. Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry HI. preserved in the 

Public Record Office. AD. 1227— 1231. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 5.40. 
Seneca. Opera quae supersunt. Supplemeutum. Edidit F. Haase. Ttuhner 

Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, i'>02. 
•Sergeant (J.). Raillery defeated by calm Reason : or, the new Cartesian 

Method ol arguing and answeiingexpo.sM. i2mo. Lond. 1699. Ss.13.8 
Suess (E.). La Face de la Teire. Traduit par Emmanuel de Margerie 

Tome IIL Partie i. 8vo. Paris, 1902. 
•Wordsworth (W.) Lyrical Ballads, vrilh Pastoral and other Poems. 4th 

Edition. 2 vols. 8vo, Lond. 1805. Aa.6. 


We print a Hst, with addresses, of our Subscribers. Where 
no address is given the Subscriber is resident in Cambridge. 
Subscribers for ^we years are indicated by the year, and term, 
in which their Subscription ends, being given in brackets after 
their names. (♦) Denotes the Members of the Committee; 
(t) late Members of the Committee. 

Subscribers will greatly facilitate the delivery of the ^agle if 
they will notify any corrections or changes of address to the 
Senior Editor, Mr R. F. Scott. 

The names of Subscribers conunencing with No. 129 will be 
printed in the Lent Term number. 

Name. Address, 

fAbbott, RcT Dr E. A. Wcllsidc, Well Walk, Hampstcad, N. W. 

(E. 1903) 

Ackroyd, E. 63, Cecil Avenue, Bradford 

Adams, Prof W. G. (Sc.D.) 43, Campden Hill Square, Kensington, W. 

Addison. H. Danesbur}', Wilmington Terrace, Eastbourne 

Adkins, F. J. Central Higher Grade School, Chappie Street^ 

Sal ford. Lanes. 

Adier, H. M. 22, Craven Hill, Hyde Park, W. 

Alcock, A. F. (E. 1907) Knowle Hill, Evesham 

Alexander, M. Hopeville Lodge, 5, Mill Street, Cape Town^ 

South Africa 

Airy, £. W* Holme Lodge, Lansdown Road, Bedford 
Allan, D. 
AUen, Albt. W. 

Allen, F. W. South Bank House, Hereford 
Allen, J. E. P. 

Alien, Rev G. C. (E. 1906) Cranleigh School, Surrey 

Allen, J. (E. 1907) Dunedin, New Zealand 

Allen, W. H. Shaw Vicarage, Oldham 

Allott, P. B. Stifford Rectory, Grays 

Almack, Rev W. (E. 1907) Ospringe Vicarage, Favcrsham 

Andrews, Dr E. C. no, Finchley Road, London, N.W. 

Andrews, J. A. i. Prince Arthur Road, Hampstead, N.W. 

Anstice, Rev J. B. (E. 1907) 3, Prew's Terrace, Bumham, Bridgwater. 

Armstrong, F. W. 32, Botanic Avenue, Belfast 
Arnold, J. C. 

Anindalc, G. S. 119, The Avenue, We^t Ealing, W. 

Ai.he, G. H. 2, The Crescent, St. Bees, Carnforth 


Lht of Subscribers, 

Name, Address. 

Aspin, A. 

Aston, Rev W. F. The Parsonage, Lce-on-the- Solent, Hants. 
Atherton, Rev E. E (E. *q7) Bradnincb, Cullompton, Devon 
Atkins, H. L. 

Atlay, M. E, The Precincts, Canteibuiy 

Allay, Mrs i8, Courtficld Gardens, S.W, 

Babington, Mrs C. C. 
Bailham, W. A. (E. 1904) 
Bagchi, S. C. 
Bailey, Rev Dr H. 
Baily, W. (E. 1903) 
Baines, T. 

Baker, Dr H. F. (Fellow) 
Baker, Rev. W. L. 
Balak Ram (E. 1905) 
Baldwin, A. B. 
Balls, W. L. 
fBarlow, Rev H. T. E. 

(E. 1904) 
fBarlow, The Very Rev. W. 

H, (D.D.) (E. 1904) 
Barnes, Rev J. S. 
Bamett, B. L. T. 
Bamicott, Rev O. R. 
Baron, E. 
BarradelUSmith S. 
•Barradcll-Smilh, W. 
Bartlett, W. H, 
Bashforth, Rev F. 
Bateman, Rev J. F. 
Bateson, W. (Fellow) 
Bayard, F. C. 
Baylis, P. (E. 1906) 
Baxter, A. H. Y. 
Beacall, T. 
Beckett, J. N. 
Bee, Rev P. R. 
Beith, G. 
tBeith, J. H. 
Bclshaw, Rev P. 
Benian<«, E. A. 
Bennett, N. G. (E. 1903) 
Bennett, F. A. S. 
Bennett, G. T. (E. 1904) 
Bennett, C. W. 
Bennion, J, M. 

5, Brookside, Cambridge 

H, Hansen Strasse, Gotha Thiiringer, Germany 

29, St George's Place, Canterbury 
4, Rosslyn Hill, Hampstead, N.W, 
Stokeshall, Ham, Suriey 

61, Frodingham Road, Scunthorpe, Doncaster 
I.C.S, Nasik, India 
Clitheroe, Lanes. 

Lawford Rectory, Manningtree, Essex 

The Deanery, Peterborough 

19, Cliflon Street, Wigan, Lanes. 
Nylon Hospital, Chichester 
Pembroke Lodge, Worthing 
90, Lansdowue Place, W. Biighton 
The Hall, Greathara, Stockton-on-Tees 

10, Chesham Place, Biighton 
Minting Vicarage, Horncaslle 
119, Fordwych Road, W. Hampstead, N.W. 

2, Cloisters, Temple, E.C. 
Whitemead Park, Coleford 

Woodland House, Wilson Road, Sheffield 

The Grammar School, Durham 

I, Myrtle Street, Chorley Old Road, Bolton 

156, King Henry's Road, N.W. 
12, Penn Road Villas, London, N. 
Emmanuel College, Cambiidge 
Aveton, Gifford Rectory, Devon 
Nurstcd House, Petcrsfield 

List of Subscribers, 


Name. Address, 

Beresford, F. St. Luke's Vicarage, Leek, Staffs. 

Besant. Dr W. H. (Fellow) 

Best, G. A. H. (E. 1906) Haden Hill, Old HiU, Staffi. 
Bcthcll, H. W. (E. 1906) Guy's Hospital, London 
tBeTan,RcvH.E.J.(E. '05) The Rectory, Church Street, Chelsea, S.W. 
Binns, A. J. Allow House, Christchurch Road, Gt. Malvern 

BUckman, F. F. (Fellow) 

58, Scarsdale Villas, Kensington, W. 

Blackman, V. H. (Fellow) 

(E. 1906) 
f Blacken, J. P. M. 
Blanch, Rev J. (E. 1903) 
Blandford, J. H. (E. 1903) 
Bloom, E. F. D. 
Blows, S. (E. 1902) 
Body, L. A. 

26, Rutland Street, Edinburgh 

The Retreat, Sherborne 

Fulneck School, Leeds 

2, Moorland Road, Leeds 

Ambleside, York Road, Southcnd-on-Sea 

The College, Durham 
B-.Miy, Rev C. W. E. (E. *o6) 4, Chelsea Terrace, New York, U.S.A. 
Bone, Rev P. 
Bonney, Rev T. G. (Fellow, 23, Denning Road, Hampstead, N.W, 

Sc.D.) (E. 1904) 
Bonsey, Rev W. H. Prestbury 

Booker, E. 

Borchardt, W. G. (E. 1903) 
fBowling, Rev E. W. 
Bown, Rev P. H. 
Boyt, J. E. 
Biayn, R. F. 
Brewster, T. F. 
Briggs, M. B. 
BriU, J. 
Brindley, H. H. 
Broad, P. G. 

Brooks, E. J. 20, Cornwall Road, Westbourne Park, W. 

Bromwich, T. J.I'A (E.*07) Reedley, University Road, Galway 

Branthwaite, Cumberland 

61, Christ Church Road, Streatham Hill, S.W. 

The College, Cheltenham 
47, Chaucer Road, Bedford 
Guy's Hospital, London 
67, Castle Road, Bedford 

South Kelsey, Lincoln 
The Maisonette, Harrow-on-the-Hill 
Fitzwilliam Terrace, Cambridge 
4, Devana Terrace, Cambridge 

Brown, H. H. 
Brown, P. H, 
Brown, S. R. 
Brown, Prof W. Jethro 

(E. 190:) 
Brown, W. C. (E. 1905) 
Brownbill, J. 
Browning, K. C. 
Brownscombe, A. 
Bruce, O. 
Bruton, F. A. 
Bryan, Rev W. A. 
fBrycrs, Rev J. S. 
Buchanan, G. B. (E. 1904) 
Bomsted, H. J. 

University College, Aberystwith 

Tollington Park College, London, N. 
8, Princess Terr, Balls Road, Birkenhead 

Brunswick House, Maidstone 

Dursley, Gloucestershire 
Lingfield Vicaiage, Surrey 
Rosi^all School, Fleet woo J 
13, Buckingham Terrace, Glasgow 
Alvely, Streatham, S.W. 

iv List of Sulscn'bers, 

Name. Address. 

Burnett, Rev R. P. (E. *03) Cornwell Rectory, Chipping Norton 
Bnshe-Fox, L. H. K. (E. '03) 
t Bushcll, Rev W. D. (E. '04) Harrow 
Butler, A. G. (M. 1905) c/o W. Butler Esq, 196, Kilcoy, Hopetown, 

Butler, Rev. H. W. T. OUon, Warwickshire 

Byles, C. E. 5, Regent Teirace, Cambridge 

Bythell, W. J. S. Owen's College, Manchester 

f Caldecott, Rev A., D.D. Frating Rectory, Colchester 

Callis, Rev A. W. (E. 1905) The School Hall, Bury St Edmunds 

tCameron, J. A, St George's Hospital, S,W. 

Cameron, H. C. Guy's Hospital, E.C. 

Cameron, S. (E. 1907) . 25, Oakley Square, W. 

Cama, A K. (E. 1902) c/o The Secretary, Bombay Government, India 

CampbelI,Rev A. J.(E.*02) 38, Gilconeston Park, Aberdeen 

Carliell, E. F. Ouida House, Bury St Edmunds 

Catlyll, H. B. 

Carpmael, E. (E. 1905) The Ivies, St Julian Farm Road, \V. Norwood, 

Carter, F. W. 7, Stale Street, Schenectady, N.Y., U.S.A. 

Casson, R. 25, Hathurst Road, Hampstead, N.W. 

Caulley, F. D. Belton Rectory, nr. Gt. Yarmouth 

Chadwick, Rev A. (E. 1906) Cinderhills, Miifi-ld 
Chadwick, Rev R. The Vicarage, Chilvers Coton, Nuneaton 

Chalmers, S. D. 9, Hyde Vale, Greenwich, S.E. 

Chaplin, W. H. (E. 1906) 13, Penywcm Road, S. Kensington, W. 
Chappie, A. 
Chappell, H. 

Cheeseman, A. L. 13, Hanbury Road, Clifton, Biist(^ 

Chell, Rev G. R. Kneesali Vicarage, Newark 

Clark, Prof E. C. (LL.D.) Newnhara 

(E. 1904) (Fellow) 
Clark, W. T. The Square, Broughton in Fumess 

Clarke, Sir Ernest (E. 1906) 13a, Hanover Square, W. 
Clay, W. K. 

Clements, T. 26, High Street, Warwick 

Cleworth, J. (E. 1907) Chcrwell Croft, Kidlington, Oxon. 

Cobb, Mrs (E. 1903) Newnham 

Coe, Rev J. D. Holy Trinity Vicarage, N. Birkbeck Road, 

Leytonstone, E. 
Cole, F. E» Grammar School, Banham, Attlcborough 

Coleman, E. H. 4, Salop Stieet, Wolverhampton 

College Library 

Collin, John (M. 1906) 201, Chesterton Road, Cambridge 

Collins, J. S. 

Coliison, H. (E. 1904) Belmont House, Harold Road, ^^largatc 

Collison, C. Belmont House, Harold Road, Margate 

List of Subscribers. 

Col man, J. (E. 1906) 
Colson, F. H. {E. 1906) 
Cook, B. M. 

Coombes, Rev H. E. H. 

{E. 1904) 
Cooper, Rev C. E. (E. 1905) 

Cooper, M. C. 

Coore, C. 

Coote, Sir Algeraon (L. '07) 

Courtney, Rt. Hon. L. H. 

Covington, Rev Preb. W. 

tCowie, H. 

Cox. H. B. 

Cox, H. S. 

Cox, Rev W. A. (Fellow) 

Cox, S. J. 

Cradock, D. 

Craggs, E. H. (E. 1905) 

Crees, J. H. E. 

Creswcll, Rev S. F. (D.D.) 

(E. 1904) 
tCroggon, J. F. S. 
Crowlher, C. R. 
Cnbitt, Rev S. H. (E. 1903) 
Cinikshank, G. E. (E. 1906) 
Cummings, R. R. (E. 1906) 
Cunningham, E. 
Cunynghame, H. H. S. (E. 

Cuthbertson, F. E. L. 

Gatton Park, Reigate 
The College, Plymouth 
c/o Messrs Vandercom & Co., 23, Bush Lane, 

The Roadstead, Penartb, Glamorgan 

St Paul's Rectory, Nanaimo, Vancouver I^Ie, 

British Columbia 
85, High Street, Oxford 
Shrewsbury Hospital, Sheffield 
Ballyfin House, Mountratb, Ireland 
IS. Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W. 
The Rectory, 52, Bedford Square, W.C. 
9, Baring Crescent, Exeter 

Georgetown, Demerara 

251, Balham High Road, London, S.W. 
Back Beach Road, Durban, Natal, South Africa 
The Poplars, Woodland Road, Middlesbot uugh 

Northrepps Rectory, Norfolk 

Hillside, Grampound. Cornwall 

7, Whiteford Road, S. Plymouth 

Old Rectory, Ludlow 

5, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Sydcote, W. Dulwich, S.E. 

Home Office, Whitehall 
Malgrave Castle, Lythe, Whitley 

Dale, J. B. 

Dally, J. F. H. (E. 1903) 

Davey, A. A. 

Davidson, E. 
Davies, D. R. 
Davies, J. J. 
Davis, A. J. (E. 1907) 

Dawes, H. E. T. 
Dearden, Rev G. A. 
Dees, F. W. (E. 1906) 
Denham, H. A. 
Densham, A. P. 
Devcuish, H. N. (E. 1906) 

King's College, London 

51, Waterloo Road, South Wolverhampton 

Rotheiwood, Ivanhoe Road, Denmark Patk, 

9, Gambier Terrace, Liverpool 

Lowlre, Llanybyther, R.S.O. 
Sydenham, New Amalfi, East Griqualand, 
Cape Colony 

Blackburn, Lanes. 
Flora ville, Whitehaven 
Barkingside, Ilford, Essex 

Little Durnford, Salisbury 


List of Subscribers, 

de VilUers, J. E. R. (Fellow) 

Dew. S. H. D. 

Dibdin, L. T., K.C. (M. *o6) 

Dickson, R. St J. 

Diver, O. F, (E. 1904) 

Dinnis, F. R. 

Docker, E. (E. 1903) 

Dodgshun, E. J. 

t Douglas, S. M. 

Douglas, A. F. (E. 1907) 

Diake, Rev H. (E. 1905) 

Draper, J, R. 

Dundas, A. C. 

Dyson, Rev J. W. 

Dyson, Rev F. (Fellow) (E. 

Easton, Rev J. G. (E. 1903) 
Eastwood, A. W. (E. 1907) 
Edmunds, C. (E. 1901) 
Edmunds, L. H. 
Edwardes, H. F. E. 
Edwards, Rev N. W. A. 

(E. 1903) 
Edwards. C. D. (E. 1905) 
Elliot-Smilh G. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
Elsee, Rev C. 

Evans, E. D. (E. 1904) 
Evatt, G. R. K. 
Ewbank, Rev A. (E. 1904) 

Falcon, W. 

Fane, W. D. 

Fergusson, A. 

Fewings, P. J. 

Field, Rev A. T, (E. 1906) 

Field, A. M. C. (E. 1005) 

Field, Rev F. G. E. (E. 1904) 

Figueiredo, J. B. 

Fletcher, J. H. B. 

Fletcher, W. C. (E. 1902) 

Fletcher, F. 

Flux, A. W. (E. 1905) 

Forster, the late G. B. (E. '03) 


South African Chambers, St George*s Street, 

Cape Town 
Llangfri, Anglesey, N. Wales 
Nobles, Dormans, East Grimstead 
4, Lower Green, Castletown, Isle of Man 
13, Elm Grove, Cricklewood, N.W. 
St Peter*s Vicarage, Mile End, E. 
Dudley House, Spring Road, Isleworlh 
27, Clarendon Road, Leeds 
c/o A. Scott & Co., Rangoon, Burma 
10, Old Jewry Chambers, E.C. 
Verwood, Wirabome 

Charminster, Dorchester 

The Grammar School, Wellingboro' 


Murston Rectory, Siltingbourne 
30, Chalfont Road, Oxford 
23, Chowringhee Road, Calcutta 
I, Garden Court, Temple, E.C. 
Wistana, Crediton, Devon 

Lady Margaret Mission, Chatham Street, 

Walworth, S.E. 
Alton Lodge, Woodford Green 
Caiio, Egypt 

Bishop Fisher's Hostel, Chatham Street, 

7, Lyndhurst Gardens, Ealing, W. 

Cottesmore, Brighton 
Fulbroke Hall, Grantham 

Ryther Vicarage, near York 

7, May field Road, Gosforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne 

Grammar School, Southport 

4, Grove Park, Liverpool 
Unsworlh, nr. Manchester 
Owens College, Manchester 
Fairfield, Warkworth, Northumberland 
Bishop Middleham Hall, Feny Hill Station, 

Forster, R. H. (E. 1905) ArtUlcry Mansions, 75, Victoria Street, S.W. 

Lht of Subscribers, 


Foster. Rev J. R. 
Foster, A. W, 
Fox, F. S. W. 
Foxwell, E. E. (E. 1902) 
tFoxwdl, H. S. (E. 1906) 
Franklin. J. H. 
Franklin, T. B. 
Frean, H. G. 
French, R. T. G. 
Fryer, S. E. 

236, St Thomas* Road, Picston 
6, Amherst Road, Ealing, W. 
3, St Stephen's Road, Canterhury 

I, Harvey Road, Cambridge 
Shi^tlanger Grove, Towcester 

Gaddam, F. D. 
Garcia, L. R. B. 
Garlc-Browne, J. B. 
Gamer-Richards, D. B. 
Gamett, W. (D.CL.) 
tGanett, H. L. 
GaskcU, J. M. 
Gaskell, W. (E. 1903) 
Gauvain, H. J. 
Gare, E. H. 
Gibbings, W. T. 
Gibbs. C. S. 
Gibson, J. (E. 1905) 
Gillespie, T. T. 
Glover, F. B. (E. 1905) 
Glover, Dr L. G. (E. 1906) 
Glover, T. R. (Fellow) 
Gold, E. 
Goddard, H. 
Godson, F. A. (E. 1905) 
Godwin, Rev C. H. S. 
Gooding, S. 
Gomes, Rev £. H. 

Goulton, Rev J. 
Grabham, G. W. 
tGraves, Rev C. E. (Fellow) 

(E. 1903) 
Gray, C. F. 
Greatorex, W. 
Greenhill, Prof A. G. (E, '04) 
Greenlees, J. R. C, 
Greenstrect, W. J. (E. 1903) 
Greenup, Rev A. W. (L. '03) 
Gicgoiy, H. H. (E. 1906) 
Gicgory, H. L. (E. 1906) 

Withington, Manchester 

34, Carlton Road, Southampton 

Brandon, Norfolk 

116, St Martin's Lane, London, W.C. 

2, Grange Terrace, Cambridge 

4, Park View, Wigan 

Azamgarh, N.W.P., India 

57, Chancery 

Cleveland, Bassctt, Southampton 

Old Bank House, Rolherham 

15, Menai View Terrace, Bangor 

Weston House, Morpeth, Northumberland 

17, Lyncroft Gardens, West Hanipstead, N.VV. 

17, Belsize Park, N. 

7, Station Road, Cheadle Hulme, nr. Stockport 
St Aidan's Lodge, MiddlesborQu>>hon-Tees 
Heath Lodge, Blackheath, S.E. 
Mission House, Banting, Sarawak, via Singa- 
5, Scarcroft Hill, York 

139, Pershore Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 

Bank House, Southwell, Notts. 

Royal Artillery College, Woolwich 

Langdale, Dowanhill, Glasgow 

The Marling School, Stroud, Gloucester 

St John's Hall, Highbury, N. 

Engleficld House, Highgate, N. 


List of Subscribers. 

Gregory, R. P. 
Grenfell, J. S. G. (E. 1906) 
Grigson, P. St. J. B. 
Groos, A. \V. J. 
Grundy, M. 
Gruning, J, T. 
Gunn, A. H. 

Gwatkin, Rev T. (E. 1906) 
Gwatkin, Rev Prof H. M. 
Gwalkin, Rev F. L. 


Heath Mount, Hampstcad, N.W. 

12, Farquhar Road, Upper Norwood, S.E. 

4, Cunliffe Road, Blackpool 

Dibrugarh, Assam, India 

Llandaff House, Llandaff 

3, St Paul's Road, Cambridge 

8, Scroope Terrace, Cambridge 

3, St Paul's Road, Cambridge 

Hadficld. E. H. L. 
Iladland, R. P. 
Ilaggcr, Rev W. 
tHaigh, P. B. 
Hall, Rev B. L. 
Hamilton, A. J. S. 
tHankin, E. H. 
Hannam, F. A. 
Hanmer, Rev H. 
Harding, A. J. 
Harding, Rev G. W. H. 

(E. 1903) 
Harding, W. I. 
tHardwich, Rev J. M. (E.'o6) 
Haiker, A. (Fellow) (E. '03) 
Harker, Rev G. J. T. (E. '04) 
Harman, N. B. (E. 1907) 
Harnett, Rev F. R. 
Harnett, W. L. (E. 1905) 
Harris, H. 

Hart, Rev W.(LL.D.) (E.'o3) 
Hart, E. P. 

Hart, S.L.(Sc.D.)(E. 1906) 
Harwood, S. F. D. 
Havelock, T. H. 
Harvey, A. G. 
Harvey, A. W. 
Haslam, F. W, C. 
Hatten, A. W. 
Hawkes, W. J. 
tHayes, J. H. 
Hayman, C. H. T. 
Hayter, K. S. R. 
Hayward, A. W. 
Heath, F. C. 

9, Piimrose Mansions, Baltersea 
Buorton House, Cropredy, Leamington 
Canvey Island Vicarage, S. Benf^eet, Essex 
c/o Messrs Grindley Groom & Co., Bombay 
Radstock, near Bath 

Government Laboratories, Agra, India 
Diddington Vicarage, Huntingdon 
Holme Rectory, Downham Market 
Colonial Office, S.W. 
4, Hughenden Road, Clifton, Bristol 

St John's, Horton Crescent, Rugby 

Aldenham Grammar School, Elstree, Herts. 

34, Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square 

High more Vicarage, Henley-on-Thames 

Belvedere House, Bamet, Herts. 

17, Stirling Road, Clapham, S.W. 

Feniton Rectory, Honiton 

Passmore Edwards Settlement, Tavistock 

Square, London 
London Mission, Tientsin, China 

Wiikswortli, Derby 

14, Vincent Square, Westminster 

Canterbury College, Christchuich, New Zealand 

The Leys, Cambridge 

Edwinstowe Vicarage, Newark, Notts. 

Lindenthorpe, Broadstairs 

Holmlea, Ongar, Essex 

Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst, Kent 

List of Subscribers* 


Il-iil ind. \V. E. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Hendersoit, M. 
Hepworih, F. A. (E. 1905) 
Herring, Rev J. 
Hibbert, H. 

Hicks, Prof W. M.(Sc.D.) 
tHiern, W. P. (E. 1906) 
Hill, A- 

Hill, RevE. (E. 1906) 
Hill, W. N. 
Hill, F. W. 

Hilleary, F. E. (LL.D.) 
Hinde, A. G. W. 

Hiion, J. B. 

Hoare. H. J. (E. 1903) 

Hockey, H. H. H. 

Hogg, R. W. 

Honey bourne, V. C. 

Holmes, H. T. (E. 1903) 

Homibrook, M. (E. 1905) 

Horowitz, S. 
♦Horlon-Smith, L. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Horton, C. T. 
Hough, J. F. 

Hough, S. S. (Fellow) (E/04) 
Houston, W. A. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
How, J. C. H. 
Howard, A. (E. 1904) 
Howitl, J. H. 
Hoyle, J. J. 
Hudson, C. E. 
Hudson.R.W. H.T. (Fellow) 
t Hudson, Prof W. H. H. 

(E. 1906) 
Hud on, E. F. 
Humfrey, J. C. W. 
Humph lies, S. 

Carmefield, Newnharo, Cambridge 

Woodfield House, Dewsberry, Yo.ks 
Redness Vicarage, Goole, Yorks. 
Broughton Grove, Grange-over-Sands, Cauifoith 
Endcliffe Crescent, Sheffield 
The Castle, Barnstaple 
Frilham Lodge, Lyndhurst, Hants. 
The Rectory, Cockfield, Bury St Edmunds 
The Mount, Harrogate 
EUeiton, Mill Hill Park, W. 
Bleak House, Stratford 

c/o A. R. Hinde, Esq., L.S.W. Bank, Fen- 
church Street, E.C. 

Heath Villa, Ewer Common, Gosport 

Christ's Hospital, Horsham 

12, Bedford Road, S. Tottenham, N. 
31, Upper Hamilton Terrace, St John's Wood, 

53, Queen Gardens, Lancaster Gate, W. 

Royal Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa 
The Ministry of Public Instruction, Cairo, Egypt 

Hunt, Rev A. L. (L. 1906) 
Hunter, Dr W. (E. 1902) 
Hulloii, Rev W. B. (E. 1903) 

lies, G. E. (E. 1903) 
Iliffe, J. W. 

Imperial Department of Agriculture, Barbadocs 

13, Chardmore Road, London, N. 

Johannesburg, South Africa 

126, Bolton Road, Pendleton, Manchester 

25, Park Way, Liverpool 

15, Altenberg Gardens, Clanham Common, 

Churcher's College, Petersfield 

c/o Mr J. Sandow, Wilden, nr. S tour port 

City of London College, While Street, Moor- 
fields, E.C. 

East Mersea Rectory, Colchester 

103, Harley Street, Cavendish Square, W. 

Langenhoe Rectory, Colchester 

Khartoum, Sudan 

Central Higher Grade School, Sheffield 

List of Suhscribirs. 

Kami* Address. 

Jnchley, O. i6, Victoria Street, Lougkboro' 
Ingram, RevD. S. (E. 1904) Great Oakley, Essex 

Ingram, A. C. The Rectory, Great Oakley, Esset 

lugram, Rev A R. The Vicarage, Ironmonger Lane, E.C- 

Irving, J. B. 48, Gciy Street, Bedford 
Ismail Kban, M. 

Im»c, C. L. Bryntawn, Swansea 

Jackson, Ret A. 

Jackson, E. W. 

James, G. 

Janrrin, R. B. le B. 

Jarratt, G. L., 

Jeans, F. A. G. 

Jenkins, A. E. 

Jenkins, H. B. 

Jessopp, Rev A. (D.D.) 

Jinarajadasa, C. (E. 1905) 

•Joce, J. B. D. 

Johnson, E. W. 

Johnson, Rev E.J. F. {£.'05) 

Johnston, E. 

Johnston, D. V. 

Johnston, S. 

Jolly, L. J. P. 

Jones, D. T. 

Jones, Rev B. T. White 

Jones, E. A. A. 

Jones, Rev G. 

Jones, H. T. G, 

Jones, Dr H. R. 

Jones, Wilton J. 

Jost, C. H. 

All Saints* Vicarage. Northfleet, Gravesenri 
233, Walmcrsley Road, Bury, Lanes. 

St Pcter*s Vicarage, Hereford 

28, Bid^ton Road, Birkenhead 

Scarning Rectory, E. Dereham 
53, Via delle Muratte, Rome, Italy 

Ilillesley Vicarage, Wotlon-under-Edge 
72, Fitzjuhn'h Avenue, Hampstead, N.W. 

RedclifTe Clergy House, Bristol 
Yarkhill Vicarage, Hereford 
Sandford St Mai tin, Oxon. 
Heme House, Cliftonville, Margate 
58 A, Grove Street, Liverpool 

49, Whitechapel, Liverpool 

fKecling, Rev C. P. 
Kefford, Rev W. K. 
Kelynack, W. S. 
Kempt, G. D. 
Kempthornt, Rev P. H, 
Kcmpthorne, G. A. 
Kennett, W. H. 
Kent, J. J. P. 
Keily, D. M. (E. 1903) 
Kerry, W. 
Keisliavv, A. 
Keifelake, Rev E. R. 
Kcywoilb, F. M. 

St James' Rectory, Collyharst, Manchester 
Clarendon House, Newbury 

10, Melrose Gardens, West Kensington Park, W. 

11, King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.G. 
Wellington College, Berks. 
Wellington College, Berks. 

Tennyson Street, Lincoln 

I, Paper Buildings Temple, E.G. 

II, Aspley Place, Alfreton Road, Nottingham 

Bui nham, Deepdalc, near Lynn 

List of Subscrihsrs, 


Kidd, A. S. 

St Andrew*^ College, Grathanutowa, Cape 

l6. New Cllve Road, West Dulwich 

Kidncr, A. R. 
Kins, G. K, 

King, Rev H. A. (E. 1903) 35, Princess Road, Regent's Park, N.W. 
King, L. A.L. Kimboltoa 

KJngdon, C. Maisonette, De Roos Road, Eastbourne 

Kirhy. A. H. Carlton IIoa«e, Batley 

KLirkness, L. H. 
Kilto, J. L. 

Kjna&ton, Rev Canon H. The College, Durham 

Lake, P. 
Lamb^ W. A. 
Lamplugh, A. A. F. 
Lamplugh, Rev D. 
Larmor, J. (Fellow) (E. '07) 
Latif, A.C. A. 
Laver, L. S. 
Laycock, A. P. 
Leadman, W. M. 
l^atfaam, G. 
Leathern, J. G. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Ledgard, W. H. 
Lee, H. 
+Lee, W. J. 

Leftwicb, C. G. (E. 1906) 
fLee Warner, Sir W. 
Leigh ton, F. F. 
Lc Sueur, W. R. 
Lewis, Dr C. E. M. 
Lewis, H. G. 
Lewis, H. S. 

Lewis, Mrs S. S. (E. 1903) 
Lewis, W. R. 
Lewton Brain, L. 
Ley, RcT A. B. M. (E. '04) 
Linnell, J. W. 
Linney, D. 
Lipkind, G. 
Lister, J. 

Lister, J. J. (Fellow) (E/ 05) 
LiUle, Rev J, R. 
Liveing, Prof G. D, (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Lloyd, J. H. (E. 1906) 
Locke, G. T. (E. x^) 

Desert Serges Rectory, Bandon, co. Ct^ik 
Rokeby Rectory, Barnard Castle 

1 16, Musters Road, WestBridgport, Nottinghanie 
London Hospital 

Wixeuford, Wokmghani, Beiks. 

4, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Monk's House, nr. Bambiirgli, Northumberland 

Oldfield, Bickley, Kent 

Grammar School, Biistol 

Grammar School, Gillingham, Dorset 

Widmoie, Bromley, Kent 

Toynbee Hall, London, E 

Chesterton RoaJ, Cambridge 

Ford Rectory, Shrewsbury 

Swanton Morley, East Dereham 

White Colne Vicarage, Earls Colnt, R.S.O. 

13, East Road, Kirkwall, N.B. 

St Saviour's Vicarage, Darlty, Leeds 

Stansfield Rectory, Clare, Suifolk 
The Pighlle, Newnham, Cambridge 

High Croft, Somerset Road, Birmingham 
Royal Agricultora College, Cirenccstor 

xii Ltsi of Subscribers, 

Name, AJdtes^, 

Lockton, W. Jesus College, Camluidge 

LoDg, Key B. Beechcroft, Beacous>6eKl 

Long, H. E. 43, Edon Tcirace, Wakefield 

Lord, Rev A. E. Pentwortham House, Prcblon 

Loiimer, Rev J. H. Oxenhall Vicarage, Newenl, Gloucs, 
Love, Prof A. E. H.(E. 1905) 34, St Margaret's Road, Oxford 

Luddington, L. H. Audley House, Litileport 

LuptoD, A. S. 7, Earl's Terrace, Kensington, W. 

Lupton, J. f Fellow) (E. 1906) 28, Edwardes Squaie, Kcnsingion, W. 

Lydall, F. (E. 1904) 65, Ladbroke Square, Netting Hill, W. 

Lymbery, A. W. Colston House, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham 

fMacAlisler, Dr D. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
Macalister, Prof A. (M.D.) 

Macalister, G. H. K. 

Hacalister, R. A. S.(E. 1904) Tonisdale, Lady Margaiet Road, Cambridge 
Macaulay, F. S. (E. 1904) 19, Dewhurst Road, Brook Green, W. 
fMcBride, E. W. (E. 1904) McGill College, Montreal, Canada 
Mc Corniick, W. P. G. St James's Recloiy, Piccadilly, \V. 

Mc Cormick, Rev J. G. 15, White Horse Plain, Great Yarmouth 

fMcDounell, T. F. R. 5, Coleherne Roail, Radcliife Square, London, 

McDougall, W. (Fellow) Weald Mount, Haslemere, Surrey 
Macdonald, A. K. W^yc College, Ashford, Kent 

MacDonald, S. G. 
McEldcrrv, R. K. (Fellow) Queen's College, Galway 

(E. 1902) 
Mackenzie, R. P. City Hospital, Edinburgh 

Maclaurin, Prof R. C. Victoria College, Wellington, New Zealand 

(FcUow) (E. 1903) 
Mainer, E. (E. 1906) . Haughton Villas, Oswestry 

Manobar Lai (E. 1906) 
Marr, J. E. (Fellow) 

Marrs, F. W. 3, Ashgrove Fen, Gatcshead-on-Tyne 

Marshall, Prof A. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
Marshall, W. B. Danehur!»t, Greenbank 

Martin, G. A. Galwally, Newtonbreda, Belfast 

Mason, Rev M. H. H. 24, Sydenham Road, Croydon 

Mason, Rev P. H.( President) 

Mason, Rev H. E. Bettws Vicarage, Aston-on-Clun 

fMasterman, Rev. J. H. B. 3, Newhall Street, Birmingham 
Masterman, E. W. G. (E. '04) English Hospital, Jerusalem 
Mathews, G. B. (E. 1907) 

Matthews, H. N. Palgrave Hall, Swaflfliam 

Matthews, J. C. Palgrave Hall, Swaffham 

Matthew, G. A. (E. 1903) 56, Regent Street, Cambridge 

Lint of Subicribers. 


May. F. S, 
May. P. L. 
M.iy. H. R. D. 
May, O. 
Mavor. Rev Prof J. E. B. 

tAIayor, Rev J. B. (E. 1 903) 
McDonnell, M. F. J. 
McNeilc, Rev A. P. 
Mdboume, The Right Rev 

the Lord Bbhop (£. 04) 
Merriman, H. A. 
Merriman, Rev J., D,D. 
•Merivalc, B. 

Middlernast, E. W. (E. '05) 
Mitchell, B. E. 
Moore, F. J. S. 
Moore, Rev C, (E. 1906) 
Morrison, D. C. A. 
Morshead, R. 
Morton, W. B. 
Moseley, S. C. 
tMoss, Rev H. W. 
Moss, J. C. (E. 1905) 
Mo>s, W. (E. 1905) 
Moxon, Rev T. A. (E. 1905) 
Mail head, F. L. (E. 1906) 
Mnllineux, Rev M. 

fMulIingcr, J. B. 
fMullins, W. E. (E. 1903) 
Murphy, W. L. 
Marray, F. E. 

Nash, E. H. H. 

Neave, D. H. 

Ncavc, W. S. 

Newbold, Rev W. T. (E/05) 

Newling, S. W. (E. 1904) 

Newton, Rev Canon H. 

(E. 1906) 
Newton, J. H. 
Newton, T. H. Goodwin 

(E. 1906) 
Nicholl, A. M. C. 
Nicklin, Rev T. 
Norbury, F. C. 
Norman, G. B. 
fNorwood, E. (E. 1905) 

• Addreis. 
St Margaret's, Hampstead Heath, N.W. 
St Margaret's, Hampslcad Heath, N.W. 
St Margaret's, Hampstead Hcaih, N.W. 

Qucensgate House, Kingston Hill, Surrey 

4, Oakhall Road, Wanstcad, Ks>ex 
Bishopscomt, Melbourne, Australia 

The Rectory, Freshwater, Isle of Wight 
The Rectory, Freshwater, Isle of Wight 

Victoria Crescent, Egmore, Madras 

The Grange, Leominster 
H.M.S. Talbot. Woosung, China Station 
2, Clyde Villas, Swindon 
Hurlditch Court, Tavistock, Devon 
Queen's College, Belfast 
St Mary's Htll, Llanvair, Abergavenny 
The Schools, Shrewsbury 
Church Hill, Harrow-on-tbc-Hill 
Charterhouse, Godalming 
High School, Nottingham 
Downe Lodge, Downe, Farnborough, Kent 
H.M.S. Amphion^ Pacific Station, Vancouver, 

18, Lyndhurst Gardens, H.unpstead, N.W. 
Dartry, Upper Rathmincs, Dublin 
26, Doughty Street, W.C. 

43, Albemarle Street, Piccadilly, W. 
Elmhurst, Fordingbridge, near Salisbury 
Elmhurst, Fordingbridge, near Salibbuiy 
Grammar School, St Bees, Carn forth 
Woodleigh, South Woodford, Essex 
Holm wood, Rcddich 

Branksome, Godalming 

Barren's Park, near Henley-in-Arden 

Lanelay, Alumhurst Road, Bourncmoulh 
Rossall School, Fleetwood 

Oakham, Rutland 


Zii/ of Subscrihers, 

Norwood, G. 
NuUey, Rev W. 

Oikelcy, H. E. H. 
Ogilvie, A. F. 
Oliver, Rev J, 
Oigill. W. L. 
Orr, W. Mc F. 
Orr, J. W. 
Orton, K. J. P. 

Page, T, E. 
Palmer, J. T. E. 
•Palmer, T. N. P. 
Palmer, Rev J. J. B. (E. '05) 

Pararaore, W. E. 
Paranjpye, R. P. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Parker, H. A. M. 
Parker, Dr G. (E. 1904) 
ParaeU, T. 
Pascoe, E. H. 
Pass, H. L. 
Payne, O. V. 

Pdlow, J. E. 
Pemberton. W. P. D. 
Pendlebiiry, C. (E. 1906) 
Pennant, P. P. (E. 1903) 
Percival, B. A. 
Perkins, C. S. 
Pethybridge, G. H. 

Phillips, Dr J.(E. 1904) 

Phillips, Prof R.W. 

Phillips, S. H. 

Picken, Rev W. G. 

Pilkington, A. C. (E. 1902) 

Plowright, C. T. Mc L. 

Pocklington, H. C. (E. 1905) 

Pocock, G. N. 

Pollard, C. (L. 1903) 

Poole, A. W, 

Pooley, H. F. 

Pope, N. C. 

Poitbury, Rtv H. A. (M. '05) 

Porler, T. H. 

Potbury, J. A. (E. 1904) 

4, Lyddon Terrace, College Road, Leeds 

Blenholme, Station Road, New Bamet, Herts. 

Cowlam Rectory, Sledmore, Yorks. 

The Cottage, Hill Ridware, Rugelej, SUffs. 

Royal College of Science, Dablin 

43, Oxford Mansions, Oxford Circus, W. 

55, Amesbury Avenue, Streatham Hill, S.W. 

Chaiterhouse, Godalming 

Cambridge Nicholson Institution, Cottayam, 

Travancore, India 
2, Gordon Square, London, W. C. 
Fergusson College, Poona, India 

Glcnthorne, 25, Redland Grove, Biistol 
14, Pembroke Road, Cliflon, Bristol 

Montague House, New Bamet 

West Worlington Rectory, Morehard Bishop, 

N. Devon 
5, High Street, Southampton 
Sougales, Victoria, B.C., Canada 

40, Glazbury Road, West Kensington, W. 
Nantlys, St Asaph 

The Isthmian Club, Piccadilly, W. 
29, St Sidwells, Exeter 

c/o Rev C. P. Hutchinson, Kent House, East- 
68, Brook Street, London, W. 
University College of North Wales, Bangor 

12, Hill Park Crescent, Plymouth 

The Grammar School, Sydney, N.S.W. 

7, King Street, King's Lynn 

41, Virginia Road, Leeds 

8. West Hill, Highgate, N. 
Wesleyan Mission, Royapettah, Madras 

42, Newark Street, Stepney, E. 
Scotter, Well Walk, Hampstead, N.W. 

St Paul's, Fence Avenue, Macclesfield 

Queen's College, Georgetown, Demerara 

List of Subscribers. ILV 

Nanu, Address, 

l*otter, C. G. Blshopslown Rectory, Swansea 

PoweU, Rev C. T. (E. 1907) College Yard, Worcester 
Powell, Sir F. S. I. Cambridge Square, Hyde Park, W. 

t Powell, N. G. Mathon Vicarage, Malvern 

Powning, Rev J. F. (E. '02) The Close, Exeter 

Poynder, Rev A. J. (E. '03) St Michaers Vicarage, Burleigh Street, W. 
Piescott, E. 76, Cambridge Terrace, Hyde Park, W. 

Prest, E. E. "Wellerbay House, Macclesfield 

Prideaaz, H. S. 

Prior, Rev Canon A. H. Horsley Vicarage, Derby ' 
Priston, S. B. 3, York Terrace, New Bromplon, Chatbam 

Prowde, O. I*. 

Pryce, H. V. (E. 1905) New College, Hampstead, N.W. 

Pryke, Rev W. E. (E. 1905) The Vicar's House, Ottery St Mary 
Piytherch, D. R. O. Llanarth, Llandyssil, South Wales 

Race, R. T. Wesley Manie, Priory Road, High Wycombe 

Radcliff, R. T. M. Arcachon, Gironde, France 

RadclifTc, H. (E. 1903) Balderstone Hall, Rochdale 

Radford, Rev L. B. Holt Rectory, Norfolk 

Rac, F. L. (E. 1904) Belle Vuc, Catel, Guernsey 

Ramage, H. 

Rapson, E. J. (E, 1906) British Museum, W.C. 

Raw, W. Etah, North West Provinces, India 

Ra^cliffe, J. H. Langley, Birmingham 

Ray, C. E. Whiiifield House, near Ulverston 

Read. Prof H. N. 2, Pump Court, Temple, E.C. 

Redlich, S. 6, Cambridge Street, Hyde Paik, W. 

Rcece, M. G. B. 

Reid, S. B. (E. 1903) ElJerslie, Oamaiu, New Zealand 

Reynolds, C. W. 

Kice, Rev C. M. (E. 1905) St David's, Reigate 

tRichardson,Rev G. (E/07) 20, St Peter Street, Winchester 

Ridley, F. T. Oakslade, Reigate 

Rigby, Rev O. (E. 1903) Trinity College, Toronto 

Ritchie, J. N. (E. 1907) Balvraid, Pitt Street, Dunedin, New Zealand 

Riichie, W. T. 

Rivers, Dr W. H. R.(E. '06) 

Rix, W. A. 8, St Firth's Road, Bame's Close, Winchester 

Rob, J. W. (E. 1906) I, The Abbey Ganien, Westminster, S.W. 

Robb, A. A. c/o Frau Dentren, Weender Chaussee, 11, Golt- 

engcn, Germany 

Roberts, Rev H. E. (E. '07) Aldridge Rectory, nr. Walsall 

Robertson, Rev A. J. Lady Margaret Vicarage, Chatham Street, 

(E. 1905) Rodney Road, Walworth, S.E. 

Robertson, F. W. R. Bourn Lodge, Bourn, Cambridge 

Robinson, M. H. (E. 1905) Fairfield, New Road, Clewer, Windsor 

Robinson, Rev J. 51, Chesterton Road, Cambrid;;e 


List of Subscribers, 

Robinson, Rev W. E. 
Rdbinson, T. H. 
Roby, H. J. (LL.D.) (E- '04) 
tRootham, C. B. 
Rose, F. A. 
Roseveare, H. H. 
Roseveare, Rev R. P. 
fRoscvcarc, W. N. (E. '05) 
Row, V. P. 

Rowe, Rev T. B. (E. 1904) 
Rudd, Rev E. J. S. 
Rmiil, E.W(E. 1932) 
Kiidd, W. A. 
Rudge, W. A. D. 
Rushbrooke, W. G. 
Russell, A. F. (E. 1905) 
Russell, Rev H. 

S.tberlon, F. R. 

Said, M. 

Siilman, Rev J. S. 

Sampson, R. A. (E. 1903) 

Sandall, T. E. (E. 1906) 

Sandall, H. C. 

Sandford, H. 

Sands, P. C. 

tSandys, Dr J. E. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
Sanger, F. 
Sanger, H. 
Srai borough, O, L. 
tSdiiller, F. N. (E. 1906) 

Scott, E. L. 

♦ScotI, R. F. (Fellow) (E 'oC) 

Scott, S. H. 

Sioular, A. C. (E. 1906) 

Stiiior, Rev C. A. L. (E. '02 

Sc|)hlon, Rev J. (E. 1904) 

Sliawcross, H. W. 

Sli.w, J. B. 

Shcplcy, G. W. 

Sl.ei>pai .i, Rev C. P. (E. '07) 

Slieriff, S. M. 

Shore, Dr L. E. (Fellow) 

Sliuker, A. 

Siilelmlham, C. E. 

fSikes, E. E.(Fellow) (E.'o6) 

Wicken, Soham 

Lancrigg, Grasmere 

The Cedars, St Cuthberl's, Bedford 

Great Snoring Rectory, Fakenham 

St Anne's, Surrey Road, Bournemouth 

Tht Rectory, Soulderne, Banbury 

Aldenham School, Elslree, Herts. 

Withernsea, Hull 

The Granhams, Great Shelford 

St Olave's Grammar School, South wark, S.E. 

The Manse, Cape Town 

Lay ham Rectory, Hadleigh, Suffolk 

82, Brondesbury Villas, Kilburn, N.W. 
Lastingham Vicarage, Sinniugtun, Yorkshire 
3, Burdon Place, Newcastle- on-Tyne 
The Cbawnlry, Alford, Lines. 
The Bank, Stamford 
The Is»lc, Shiewbbury 

Metropolitan Hospital, King.sland Road, N.E. 

3, Whinney Field, Halifax 

c/o Messrs Pigotl, Chapman and Co., Calcutta, 

4, Reporter Road, Fulham, S.W. 

St Bees, Carnforth 


90, Huskisson Street, Liverpool 

St Paul's School, Jalspahar, Darjeeling, India 

Hytham Bridge, Derbyshire 

The Vicarage, Clifton on Dunsmore, Rugby 

57, Tavistock Crescent, Westbourne Park, W. 

Trent College, Nottii)gham 

16, Rupeit Road, Huyton, nr. Liverpool 

List of Subscribers. 


Simpson, G. C. E. 
Skrimshire, J. F. 
Slator, F. 
Smallpeice, Rer G. 
Smith, B. A. (E. 1902) 
fSmith, Prof. G. C. M. 

«E. 1905) 
Smiih, G. U. 
Smith, Rev H. Bentley 
Smith, Rev A. E. 
Smith, Rev H. 
Smith, Rev H Gibson 
Smith, H. W. (M. 1906) 
Smith, Rev K. H. (E. 1904) 
Smith, Tunstall 
Siieath, Rev H. 
Spencer, R 
Souper, N. B. 
Souiham, J. F. L. 
Spink, J. F. 
fStanwell, Rev C. 
Stanwell, H. B. 
Sterndale-Bennett, R. 
Stevens, Rev A. J. (Fellow) 
Stevenson, C. M. 
Stokes, C. H. 
Stokes, J. 

Stone, J. M. (E. 1903) 
Stout, G. F. 
Stradling, W. 
Strange ways, P. T. 
Stuart, C. E. (E. 1906) 
Stuart, C. M. 
Stuart, T. 
Summers, W. C. 
Sutcliffe, Rev W. O. 

Sumner, C. C. W. 

Tallent, J. H. 
•Tar.ncr, J. R. (Fellow) 

(E. 1903) 
1 Taylor, Rev C, D.D. 

(Master) (E. 1907) 
Taylor, E. C. (E. 1906) 
Teakle, S. G. 
Te.n, J. J. H. 
Thatcher, A. (E. 1902) 


Melton Constable, Norfolk 

Long Preston, R.S.O., Yorkshire 
32, Queen's Gardens, Hyde Park, W. 
31, Endcliffe Rise Road, Sheffield 

Church Lench Rectory, Evesham 

79, Richmond Road, Dalston, N.E. 

Grimley Vicarage, Worcester 

Halewood Rectory, Liverpool 

Radnor Lodge, Malvern 

Cambridge Road, Kly 

1,015, ^* Calvert Street, Baltimore, U.S.A. 

Tourck, Worcestershire 

Walbottle Hall, Newcastle-on-Tyne 

St John's School, 1773, Ontario Street, Montreal 

Trull Vicarage, Taunton 

The Vicarage, Ipsden, Wallingford 
South African College, Cape Town 

ifo, High Street, Slreatham, S.W. 

5, St German's Place, Blackheath, S.E. 
137, Woodstock Road, Oxford 
St Andrew's School, Eastbourne 

Addington House, Addington Road, Reading 
St Dunstan's College, Catford, S.E. 

15, Brunswick Road, Withinglon, Manchester 
St E(imund*s House, Mount Pleasant, Cam- 

Grammar School, Monmouth 

58, Gordon Mansions, W.C. 

c/o Dr Maurice, Horan House, Marlborough 

Droitwich Road, Worcester 

2, Sus.<iex Gardens, Dulwich, S.E. 

Saverne, Cressiiigham Grove, Sutton, Surrey 


List of Subscribers. 

fThompsou, A. H. 
Thomson, F. G. 
Thomson, Rev F. D. 
Thorpe, Rev C. E. (E. 1 903) 
Thwaiies, G. 
Ticehurst, C. B. 
Ticeharst, G. A. 
Tiddy, C. W. E. 
Tobin, T. C. 

Tony, Rev A. F. (E. 1903) 
Tovey, C. H. 
tlowle. J. H. 
Townscnd, C. A. H. (E. '03) 
Trach leu berg, M. 1. 
Turner, £. G. (£. 1904) 
Tyler, E. A. 

Endcliffe, Henbury, Gloucestershire 

Barrow Vicarage, Loughboro' 
Horningsea Vicarage, Cambridge 
283, Hairow Road, W. 

Winstowe, St Leonards-on-Sea 

26, Wesley Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool 
Marston Morteyne Rectory, Amplhill, Beds. 
The School, Wellingboro* 
Aligarih College, United Provinces, India 
Cordangan Manor, Tipperary 

I.C.S., Satara, Bombay Presidency, India 
Framlingham College, Suffolk 

Varwell, R. P. 
Vaughan, M. 
Vigers, Rev E. H. 

Waite-Browne, H. F. 

Wakely, L. D. 

Wakel), H. D. 

Waldon, W. 

Walker, A. G. 

Walker, Rev A. J. (E. '06) 

Walker, R. R. 

Waller, Rev C. C. 

Wallet, B. P. 

Walion, Rev T. H. (E. '06) 

Ward, Rev G. W. C. 

Ward, Rev J. T. (FcUow) 

Warren, Rev. W. (E. 1906) 

Watkin, E. L. 

Watson, Frank 

Watson, Rev Fred. D.D. 

Webb, F. S. 
Webb, R. R. (FeUow) 
Webber, H. N. 
Weldon, ProfW. F. R. 

(E. 1905) 
West, Prof. G. S. 
Weston, E. A. 
Wharton, J. 
Whcldon, W. P. 

Haileybury College, Hertford 
Avonmore, Hammeltou Road, Bromley 

148, Jemingham Road, S.E. 

The Crescent, Ripon 

Vice-Principal Church Missionary CoUege, 
Niug-po, China 

86, Louisenstrasse, Bad Homburg, Germany 
Si Caiherine's School, Broxbourne 
130, Roker Avenue, Sunderland 
Malton, Yorkshire 

Poslingford Vicarage, Clare, Suffolk 

Univerbity College, Bristol 

13, Old Square, i^incoln's Inn, W.C. 

Blackenhall, Wolverhampton 

Merton Lea, Oxford 

Royal Agricultural Colleji^e, Cirencetttr. 
3, Harrington Squaie, S.W. 
88, Forest Road, Southport 

List of Subscribers. 


Whitekcr, Rev G. S. 
fWhitaker, Rev Caaon 

(E. 1905) 
Whilelcy, A. 

Whitclcy, G. T. 
Whitley, G. 
Whitworth, Rev W. A. 

(E. 1904) 
Widdowson, T. 
fWUkins, Prof A. S.,Litt.D. 
Wilkinson. E. R. 
Wilkinson, Rev J. F. (E. '03) 
Williams, Anenrin (£. 1905) 
Willis, Rev W. N. (E. 1902) 
Wills, R. G. 
WUls, J. J. 

Wilson, W. S. (E. 1903) 
Winfield, P. H. 
Winslone, E. H. (E. 1906) 
Wiseman, Rev H.J. (E. '01) 
Wood. Rev W. S. 
Woodhouse, A. A. 
Woods, B. F. 
Worthington, F. 
Wrenford, H. J. W. 
Wright, C. A. 

Yapp, R. H. 
Teates, G. F. W. 
fYeld, Rev C. 
Yeo, J. S. (E. 1903) 

Heathficld, Upper Tooting, W. 

1, Lewis Road, Eastbourne 

c/o Rev T. Morton, Hoylandswaine Vicarage, 

Penistone, Sheffield 
The Chestnuts, Dulwich Common, S.E. 

All Saints* Vicarage, Margaret's Street, Caven- 
dish Square, W. 
The College, Hurstpierpoint, Hassocks 
Owen's College, Manchester 

Folkton Rectory, Ganton, Yorks. 

Wheelside, Hindhead, nr. Haslemere 

Ascham School, Eastbourne 

44, Merton Road, Bootle, Liverpool 

75, Clifden Road, Clapton, N.E. 

Burnside, Sandhurst Road, Tunbridge Wells 

58, Grange Road, East, Neweastle-on-Tyne 

2, Victoiia Mansions. Victoria Street, S.W. 
Scrivelhby Rectory, Horncastle 

Ufford Rectory, Stamford 

Locker's Park, Hemel Hempstead 

31, Rosseth Mansions, Flood Street, Chelsea 

The Holme, Hawkshead, Lanes. 

10, Clinton Place, Seaford, Sussex 

St Mary's Vicarage, Grassendale, Liverpool 
Carrington House, Fettes College, Edinburgh 






Ltnl Ttrm 190J. 


(Continued from /. 31^. 

|N the last number of The Ragle mention was 
made of the fact that a copy of the contract 
with Robert Dallam for the construction of 
the Organ in 1 635 was preserved in College 
(see p. 77). This is contained in the " Lease Book " for 
the years 1627-1668. The Lease Books are a long set 
of volumes into which all documents sealed by the 
College (mostly leases, hence the name) were copied* 
This practice is continued down to the present day;. 
The contract is as follows : 

Articles and Covenantes of Agreement indented and 
made and agreed vpon the eight and twentieth day of 
July Anno Domini 1635, Annoque Regni Regis Caroli 
Angliae etc vndecimo Betweene William Beale doctor 
of divinity and Master of the Colledge of St John 
the Evangeliste in the Vniuersity of Cambridge the 
fifellowes and Schollers of the same Colledge on the 
one part and Robert Dallam of the Cilty of West- 
minster Organ-maker on the other part as followeth. 

Imprimis the said Robert Dallam for him his executors and 

administrators doth covenant and grant to and with the said 

Master fifellowes and Schollers and theyr successors by these 

presentes in manner and forme following That is to say that he 


154 Noies from the College Records. 

the said Robert Dallam his executors and assignes for tho 
consideration here after expressed shall and will at his and 
theyr owne proper costes and charges make and finish one 
payre of organs or Instrumentes to conleyne six seuerall stoppes 
of pipes cuery stoppe conteyning fortynine pipes (viz) one 
diapason most part to stand in sight one Principall of Tynne 
one Recorder of Wood one small Principall of Tynne one two 
and twentieth of Tynne with Sound boords Conveyances 
Conducts Roller boord Carriages and Keyes two bellowes and 
wind trunkes with the case and carving onely with all other 
necessaries therevnto belonging finding all maner of stuffe both 
of yron, brasse. tynne, tinaber aqd wainscoate incident to the 
making and finishinge of the said Instrument which the said 
Robert Dallam shall make vp and finish and sett vp in the 
Chappell of St John's Colledge aforesaid betweene the day of 
the date of these presentes and the first day of July now nex^ 
ensuing 1636. 

In consideration of which worke and organs to be made 
finished and sett vp as is aforesaid the said Master ffellowes 
and Schollers doe couenant grant and agree for them and 
theyr successors to and with the said Robert Dallam his 
executors administrators and assignes by these presentes that 
ihey the said Master fiellowes and Schollers shall and will well 
and truely pay or cause to be payd vnto the said Robert Dallam 
his executors administrators or assignes the summe of nine 
score and hwe poundes of lawful! money of England in manner 
and forme following (viz) ffower score pounds at the sealing 
and deliuery of these presents and fforty pounds more at the 
^eliuery of the materialls belonging to the said Instrument 
And the rc^st at the full conclusion and finishing of the said 
worke And also that they the said Master fiellowes and 
Schollers and theyr successors shall beare and defray the 
charges of Carriage of these Organs and materialls thereof 
from the Citty of Westminster to St John's Colledge aforesaid 
and all tooles incident thervnto and of Recarriage of the same 
from thence backe again to Westminster. In witness whereof 
as well the said Master fiellowes and Schollers theyr Common 
^eale as also the said Robert Dallam his seale to these presents 
Jnterchangeably haue putt the day and year first above written. 

i^x>{es from the College Records. t J j 

The cost of the new Organ, ;^ 185, was a large sum 
for these days. Search in the College accounts does 
not disclose any record of its payment, but at the end 
of the Rental, or statement of the revenues and 
expenditure, for the year 1635, we have the following^ 

"Memorandum that these pleees of Colledge plate here 
after specifyed being growne old and vselesse were sould att 
JLondon by order of the Master and Seniors who did then 
purpose that the money should goe towards the Organs which 
since was wholy payd for with Mr Boothe*s money.*' 

Then follows a list of twenty two pieces of plate of which 
the following are examples : 

Mr Henry Cason's pott About 12 ounces wt 

Mr Tho Gorney's beaker ,» 10 ounces „ 

Mr Jerrard Dyose his bowle „ 8 ounces ,> 

The total weight of the pieces is iijj ounces* 

Two pieces have no weight given. 

A note is added: "They were sould according to iiijj xjVi 
the ounce." 

And in the accounts for the year under the heading 
"Recepta Forinseca" is the entry " Received for it pieces of 
old vselesse Colledge plate sould at London (by the appoint- 
xneut of the Master and Seniors) for 41. i \d, per ounce — see the 
end of this yeares accompt — lij/i xj vj<f. 

But while the Organ was thus paid for out of Robert 
Booth's legacy, and so according to the custom of that 
time does not come into the ordinary accounts of the 
year, these accounts shew that at that time very 
considerable sums were being spent on the repair and 
adornment of the Chapel. William Beale had been 
Master of Jesus College. In the year 1634, just after 
he had come to St. John's as Master, Jesus College paid 
;^200 to Dallam for a new organ* It is probable that 
Beale had a leading part in both movements, for he was in 
sympathy with Laud's views on Church ceremonial. 

156 Not$s from the Collet Records. 

The same Lease Book, which contains the Contract 
with Dallam, also contains the following extract from a 
will, interesting on account of the last few lines in it. 

A clause in Mr Ashlon*s will touching a Legacie of 
100 markes to buie Bookes» 

And if aboue these legacies and vses my goods and debts 
will extend to the summe of one hundred marks or three score 
poundes my will is that within two yeares next after my death 
that summe may be payd to the Senior Burser and Senior 
Deane with the knowledge of the Master of Snt Johns Colledge 
in Cambridge, my dear mother, to be bestowed upon Bookes 
for the vse of the new Library there, especially the fathers and 
new writers as they shall thinke fitt. And I doe intreate my 
loving Cousins Mris Mary Ashton of Middleton, widdow, and 
Mr Raph Ashton of Kirkby, son to Sir Richard Ashton, to be 
Executors of this my last will. Also my worshipfull patrone 
Raph Ashton of Middleton esquire to be ouerseer thereof that 
it may be executed, to whom I leaue my best iewell my watch 
or pockett-klock given vnto me twice by my most Honourable 
Lord, my Lord of Essex, the morning before his death. And 
in wittness that this is my last will I haue sett my hand and 
seale to these presents August 27, 1683. 

Abdie Ashton. 

Witnesses hereof: Ric. Hollingworth, John Burie. 

Abdie, or Abdias, Ashton, for he signs his name 
both ways, was admitted a Fellow of the College 20 
March 1589-90. He was the second of the seven sons 
of the. Rev John Ashton, Rector of Middleton, Lanca- 
shire. He was the favourite and confidential Chaplain 
of Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex, and attended 
that nobleman on the scaffold at his execution 20 
February 1600-1. Notices of Ashton will be found in 
Jardine's Criminal Trials Vol. I, in the account of 
Essex's trial, where he is described as "the minister of 
the church in the Tower." Also in The Journal of 
Nicholas Assheton of Downham esq, for 1617 and 1618 

Notes from the College Records. 157 

edited for the Cheetham Society by the Rev Canon 
Raines. The dial or watch given to Ashton is now in 
the British Museum. An elaborate description of it was 
given in a paper read before the Society of Antiquaries 
4 May 1865, printed in Archaeologia Vol. xl. p. 343-36o, 
See also Notes and Queries^ 2 Ser. viii, 302, 336, 361, 408, 
461 ; 4 Ser. ix, 9-10. Ashton's career seems to have 
been the following : he was Junior Dean of the College 
13 December 1599 to 12 January 1601-2. Observe that 
this period covers Essex's trial. He was Sacrist from 
19 January 1603-4 to 20 January 1604-5. He com- 
pounded for first fruits as Rector of Halesworth, 
Suffolk, II November 1606 (he then appears as Abdy 
Ashton); this living he ceded on being instituted 
Rector of Slaidburn, Yorks, i February 1615-6; ceding 
this again on being instituted Rector of Middleton, 
Lancashire 24 July 1618. He held Middleton until his 
death 8 November 1633, aged 75, and was buried there. 
His will was proved at York and Chester. 

Certain volumes in the College library have a book 
plate with the following inscription : 

Abdias Ashton SS" Theolog. Bac. Ecclesiae de Middleton 
in agro Lancastriensi, Rector, et hujus dim Collegii Socius, 
Charissimae Matri (nam pio hoc nomine moribundus jam 
appellavit Collegium) ad hunc, et alios libros emendos centum 
legavit marcas anno 1633. 

The same Lease Book contains the following extract 
from the will of Francis Dee, Bishop of Peterborough 
1634 to 1638. 

Mrs Elizabeth Dee's Accquittance. 
S[ealed] 15: Dec. 1638, 
Knowe all men by these presentes that wee William Bealci 
doctour of divinity, and Master of the Colledge of St John the 
Evangelist in the Vniversity of Cambridge the fellowes and 
schollars of the same Colledge have had and received of 
Elizabeth Dee of Peterborough in the County of Northampton, 

158 Notes from the College Records. 

widdow, Executrix of the last will and testament of Francis Dee 
late L. Bishop of Peterborough all the bookes which the said 
Francis Dee did by his last will and testament give and bequeath 
to the sayd College, as also one bason, one challice with cover, 
two candlesticks, all of them being silver and gilded over, one 
cope, one altar cloath, one communion cloath, nine pictures 
which the said Francis Dee did likewise by his last will and 
testament give and bequeath to the said Colledge in these 
wordes, viz — ^Vnto the Library of which Colledge whereof 
myself was sometimes a schollar I doe also give all those 
Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French and English bookes in my study, 
which they have not already in their Library, let them picke and 
take what they will, with power also to chuse and to change for 
any booke I have if any of mine be better than theires. 

lUm. I give moreover to the sayd Colledge and namely to 
their Chappell and to the service of God therein all my Chappell 
plate, namely a Challice, a patten cover, two taperatanders and 
bason which are all perfectiy guilt, also my cope, altar cloath, 
communion cloath and all the pictures there, As by the said will 
bearing date the eight and twentieth day of May in the year of 
our Lord God 1638 appeareth. Of which said bookes Chappell 
plate, cope, altar-cloath, communion-cloath and pictures wee 
doe hereby acquit and discharge the said Elizabeth Dee her 
executors and assignes In Witnesse whereof we have putt to 
these presentes our common scale the fifteenth day of December 
in the fourteenth yeare of the Raigne of our Soutraigne Lord 
Charles by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France and 
Ireland Defender of the faith &c Anno domini 1638. 
I am content that Mrs Dee's 
acquittance be sealed 

Wm. Be ale. 
I/a lesior ]onzs Pkyse, Reg. 

While at the end of the College accounts for the 
year 1638 appears the following. 

Memorandum that November 10, 1638 the Senior Burser 
delivered vnto Mr President one silver and guilt bason weighing 
twenty eight ounces ; one Challice weighing fourteen ounces, 
three quarters, the Patten being the Cover of the Challice 

Notes from the College Records. 159 

weighing sixe ounces one quarter and a halfe ; one candlesticke 
weighing twenty sixe ounces one quarter and halfe ; and one 
other candlesticke weighing twenty six ounces. All the said 
siluer and guilt pieces of plate being a legacy bequeathed by 
Francis Dee, late Lord Bishop of Peterborough, to this 
Colledge (whereof he was sometime a schollar) namely to the 
Chappell and to the service of God therein. And Mr President 
afterwards deliuered the said pieces of plate to the Sacrist, 
taking his hand for the receipt in the booke of plate in Mr 
Presidentes custody. 

Memorandum that William Bodurda Senior Burser did 
deliver into the handes of Dr Beale Master of the Colledge 
December 15, 1638, two great pictures, two litle pictures and 
^SQ of a midle size all for the vse of the Chappell. I/em 
December 17, in the Auditt chamber, one altar cloath, I/em 
one communion cloath of diaper. I/em an old cope not 
finished being of veluet and wrought with gold. I/em one long 
narrow piece to be added to it. I/em two other lesser pieces 
which the Master in presence of the Seniors deliuered to Mr 
Hurt, Sacrist. All the aboue named particulers being the 
Legacy of Francis Dee, late Bishop of Peterborough, to this 
Colledge, whereof he was sometime a Schollar, namely to the 
Chappell and to the service of God therein. 

It is not easy to identify pieces of plate in the old 
Plate Books, There is nowhere in College a complete 
list of the plate with the names of the donors. The 
* Plate Book' is the register of what is described in 
early times as * The shewing of plate.' It records the 
name of the persons in whose hands the plate was, each 
individual signing the record, frequently writing it out 

It seems probable however that Bishop Dee's 
Challice was given by the College to the parish of 
Horningsea in 1829. 

The following may serve as an example of the 
entries in the Plate Book, this entry being in the 
handwriting of Thomas Baker, the historian, himself. ' 

i6o Notes from the College Records. 

Shewing of plate March zoth 169!. 

Brought in by Mr Baker, Mr Hen. Henley's, Mr Rich. 
Burton's and Mr Simon Henden's Tankards. And receiv'd 
back Mr Rich. Burton's, Mr Simon Henden's with Mr Willm 

By me Tho. Bakbr. 

In the Plate Book beginning in 1649 ^^^ coming 
down to the end of the 18th Century there is an 
alphabetical index of donors; most of the pieces are 
long since gone, as towards the end of that book there 
are frequent entries to the effect that certain pieces 
being "old and useless" were sold and new plate 

The following entries however give a little detail as 
to the donors. 

1735-6 March 11. Mr Benj. Seward, Fellow Commoner, 
gave two Presenters wilh the College and his own arms 
ingraved on the top with his name and the year ingraved 
underneath, weighing — — -. 

Feb. 17, 1752-3. Five waterpots containing about three 
pints apiece for the use of the Hall in the custody of the 
Butler made out of plate given by the persons whose names are 
inscribed on the bottoms of the said pots. 

John Arderne, May 2, 1737 gave a waiter weighing 
23 oz 19 dwt, which cost, including one guinea for the 
ingraving, exactly £\o. His family arms and the College 
arms are ingraved on the upper surface, and on the back, 
D.D.C.D.J.E.C. Joh. Arderne, filius natu maximus Rich. 
Arderne, arm., Cestriensis, A.B. et socio commensalis 1737. 

Cecil (Brownlow), Earl of Exeter a set of Communion 
Plate, viz. one bason, four Challices and Patins and two 
Flagons all doubly gilt weighing in all four hundred ounces. 

1735, November 8. Prescott Pepper esq. of Grainge in 
Yorkshire gave a Tankard weighing sixty three ounces, with 

Notes from the Cotiege Records. i6i 

bis Tamily arms ingraved on ihe right side, and the College 

arms on the left and his name at the bottom, bought of Mrs Mart 

at 7^ pet- 02 £t2 - i - o 

Engraving the two 

Coats of arms 15-6 

£i± - 16 - 6 

That this Viewing and signing \Vas ndt d nier6 empty 
totm is evidenced by the following entry. Dr Richard 
fiefry Was senior Bursar from 8 March 1693-4 to 
22 March 1714-5. lie died in 1723 and has a monu- 
ment in Chesterton Church* 

Aprill the jbth 169^ 
Memorandum. That whereas Dr Berry stands charged with 
Mr John Alport's, Mr Narcissus Luttrell*s, Mr John Brown's 
and Mr Ellis Cooper's Tankards granted for his use the 22nd 
day of February 169 J and weighing in all 109 ounces one 
penny weight, and also with Mr Charles Downings tankard 
valued at 10 li, all which having been stolen out of the said 
Dr Berry's chamber; He the said Dr Berry on the 30th day of 
April *97 did pay into the Common Chest of the College the 
summe of thirty nine pounds sixteen shillings and threepence 
being the^full value of the above said plate. In the presence of 
us: Humf. Gower; Tlio. Smoult ; Tho. Broughton ; Arth^ 
Ofchard ; Tho. Verdon ; Jeoff. Shaw, Dec. Jun, 

Curiously enough at the end of this Plate Book 
certain orders of the Master and Seniors are entered. 
As they were all made during the time of the Common- 
wealth they have a special interest as throwing light on 
the College life at that time. The following are those 
of most importance. 

May 5, 1654* An order for preventing the neglect of 

keeping Acts and other exercises, and for the 

furthering the constant performance of them. 

Whereas the due and constant performance of Acts and 

other exercises in this CoUcdg is aflentimes hindred by the 


1 62 Notes from the College Records, 

absence of Fell owes not taking effectuall care for the 
supply of their courses, to the great prejudice of the CoUedg 
and students therein. For the avoyding of future neglect and 
the better keeping up of the said exercises, It is the day and 
yeare above written Ordered and decreed by the Master and 
Seniors whose names are underwritten. That no Fellow shall 
have dayes of absence granted him until he shall procure 
someone of the Fcllowes, who shall stand engaged to the 
Master and Seniors to perform such Act as shall come to the 
course of him soe absent, and shall lay down and deliver into 
the hands of the Senior Burser for the time being the sum of 
twenty shilling* for each Answer, or Reply, with which (in case 
the Fellow he procureth shall faile to perform it) the Deane or 
Moderator of that Problem wherein the Party is concerned 
shall endeavour to procure some other Fellow to supply that 
course, or if he cannot, that then of the said summ, two 
shillings shall acrow to the bcnefitt of the Deane for every Act 
so neglected, and the rest to the Colledg, so as that the 
Course may not faile but only that one time, and then goe on 
to the next in Order. 

Signed by: Anlh. Tuckney; Thomas ffothergill; Hen. 
Maisterson; Ed. Stoyte ; Rich. Beresforde ; Isa. Worrall; 
Hen. Eyre ; John Smelt ; Willm. Crompton. 

January 19th 1654 [1654-5]. 
For the reforminge and preventing of the neglects of studies 
and other vanities and disorders which arise from Schollars 
meeting in chambers and there spending their time in undue 
eating and drinking, and vaine idle talking and keeping of 
company, it is the day and yeare above written Ordered by the 
Master and Seniors that the two Deanes, and all Masters of 
Arts that are Tutors, Two of them in their Seniority every 
■week twice at least in the night, and twice at least in the day, 
at such times in which such disorderly meetings use to be, or 
what other time they shall judge meet, and particular occasion 
shall require, shall visit the Scholars chambers, and whom they 
observe to be diligent in their studies, they shall commend and 
encourage them, and whom they shall finde idle and disorderly, 
or absent from their studyes, they if they be the Deanes or of 

Notes from the College Records. 163 

the Seniority shall themselves punish as tlie fault shall require, 
if they be not of the Seniority they sJiaM make complaint thereof 
to the Master and Seniors, that such course may be taken 
therein as shall be according to tlie Statutes, and for the better 
ordering of the Colledg. 

Signed by i Anth. Tuckney ; Tho. ifothergill ; Hen. 
Maisterson; Rich. Beresford ; Isa. Worrall ; Ja. Mowbray; 
Jo. Howseman ; Hen. Eyre ; Hu. Burnbye.. 

December 7th 1658 
It was then ordered by the Master and Seniors, that Tutors 
night have a better account of all their Pupills and for the 
preventing of disorders both in the Colledg and Town, that all 
Bachelors of Artes as welt as undergraduates shall duly and 
constantly attend their Tutors prayers at eight of the clock 
every night, and that they who shall carelessly or wilfully absent 
themselves shall be admonished of it by their Tutors, and in 
case they persist in that their neglect, the Tutors shall complaine 
thereof to the Deanes or to the Master, that so som further 
course may be taken with them to bring or reduce them to their 

Signed by: Anthony Tuckney; Thomas ffothergill; Henry 
Eyre ; Isa. Worrall ; Joh. Smelt. 

The following rules for the use of the Library seem 
to shew that Puritan morals were, as regards books, no 
higher than those of other times. 

Ordered by the Master and Seniors for the better 
preserving of the bookes in the Library this lolh of 
ffebruary 1650, As followeth. 

I. That no person whatsoeuer belonging to this Colledge 
vnder the degree of a Master of Arts (except hee bee ffellow ou 
ffellowcommoner) shall bee permitted to study in the Library. 
Neylher shall any, whither straunger, or of the Colledge, vnder 
the degree before mentioned (except the before excepted) bee 
admitted to view the Library vnlesse by the appointment 
of the Master, or in his absence, of the President, or that 

*i64 Notes from tfu College Records, 

some one of the ffellowes goe along with hrm, and there 
abide with the party brought in by him vntil his departure 
thence. Those appertaining to the Colledge to bee punished 
by the Master or in his absence by the President two shillings 
and sixpence for every time they shall herein offend. And the 
vnder Library Keeper if hee shall bring in any vnder the 
degree of Master of Arts eyther of this or any other Colledge 
to be punished flue shillings. 

2. That no fellowcbmmoner of this Colledge, nor Master 
of Arts (not ffellow) shall at any time take any booke or bookes 
out of the Library vpon any occasion whatsoeuer vnder the 
penalty of paying the double value of the said booke or bookes 
so taken out. And that no ffellowcommoner who is now or 
shall hereafter bee admitted into this Society, Nor any Master 
of Arts (not ffellow) abiding in the Colledge shall enioy the 
benefitt of the Library by studying in it vnlesse some one of the 
ffellowes engage himselfe to the Master and Seniors in his 
behalfe, that the said party shall obserue the orders here made 
concerning the Library and submit to such mulcts as hee sliall 
incurre by violating the said orders, 

3. That no ffellow of this Colledge whatsoeuer shall take 
out of the Library any booke or bookes vnlesse he first note 
downe with his owne hand in the Register reserved by the 
vnder Library Keeper for the purpose the Title, Edition and 
volume of the booke or bookes, with the time when so taken 
out« and subscribe his name to the same And shall returne into 
the hands of the Library Keeper, or his deputy, the said booke 
or bookes within the space of forty eight houres. Whosoever 
shall transgresse in not subscribing his name to the Register as 
abouesaid shall pay the double value of the said booke or 
bookes. And hee who shall offend in not returning the booke 
or bookes within the time before limited shall bee punished for 
every one of the bookes which he shall so retaine. And for 
every weeke beyond the time prescribed two shillings and six 

4. That if any person whatsoeuer belonging to this Colledge 
shall privily convey away out of the Library, or shall imbezell 
any booke or bookes, or shall conceale any booke or bookes 
IQ conveyed out or imbezelled het shall pay the price of the 

Notes from the CoiUg$ Racordt. 165 

booke or bookes so conveyed out, imbezelled, or concealed, 

5. That every punishment anywhere mentioned in these 
orders vpon complaint made to the Master, or in his absence 
to the President, and vpon eyther the confession of the person 
or persons offending or the testimony of one or more witnesses 
against them, is to be inflicted by the Master, or in his absence 
by the President, vpon the severall offenders. The one third 
part of the summe or summes of money thence arising to be 
given to the informer the residue to bee expended for the 
benefit of the Library. 

6. That every person belonging to this Colledge who hath 
now in his custody any booke or bookes formerly borrowed or 
taken out of the Library shall send in the same. And that 
every person who knowes of any bookes formerly taken out, 
and not brought in giue notice hereof to the Library Keeper 
or his deputy. Whosoever shall bee negligent herein for the 
space of one weeke after the publication of these orders shall 
pay for every such booke or bookes foure pence, and shall 
moreouer bee punished three moneths Commons. 

Signed by : John Arrowsmith ; Hen. Maisterson ; Tho. 
ffothergill; Is. Worrall ; Ja. Mowbray; Ja. Creswick; Will. 
Allot ; £d. Stoyte ; Sam Heron. 

May 6, 1654. An Order for the better preserving the 
Bookes in the Library. 

Whereas the fore mencioned Orders for preserving the 
Bookes in the Library haue bin by experience found ineffectual). 
It is the day and yeere above written ordered and decreed by 
the Master and Seniors whose names a»e underwritten, That 
noe ffellow or Schollar of this Colledge shall take any bookes 
out of the Library, and that neither of the Library Keepers 
shall lend any booke to any ffellow or Schollar of this Colledge, 
or to any of other Colledges whatsoeuer without leaue of the 
Master and Seniors first desired and granted. And if any shall 
presume to doe contrary hereunto he shall be punished by the 
Master, or in his absence by the President, foure times the 
price of any such bookes so borrowed or lent or taken awa>;; 

i66 Notes from the College Records. 

and that punishment of any who shall take away any such 
booke shall accrue to the benefitt of the Library Keeper and 
what he shall be punished for the lending any such booke shall 
be lo the Colledge. 

Signed by : Anlh. Tuckney ; Thomas ffothergill ; Hen. 
Maisterson ; Ed. Stoyte ; Rich. Beresford ; Isa. Worrall ; Hen. 
Eyre ; John Smelt ; Willm. Crompton. 

January 9th 1654. [1654-5]. 
It was then agreed by the Master and Seniors that thi^ 
exception be made to the order in the former pages, that 
because the Senior Deane by reason of his office will haue need 
to make use of some bookes in the Library, the Library Keeper 
shall have leaue to lett the Senior Deanes successively receive 
such bookes as they shall stand in need of, they writing down 
their names and the names of the bookes borrowed, and that 
they restore them into the hands of the Library Keeper within 
a fortnight after, unblemished, otherwise to undergoe the 
penaltye before mentioned. 

Signed by: Anth. Tuckney; Tho. ffothergill ; Hen. Maister- 
son ; Rich. Beresford ; Isa. Worrall ; Ja. Mowbray ; Jo. Howse- 
man ; Hu. Burnbye ; Hen. Eyre. 

The following Order, also passed in the time of the 
Coromonwealthy is interesting as shewing that during 
some part of that period there was a difficulty in 
finding Fellows of the College in Orders. The title of 
"Conduct" for Chaplain was retained in King's College 
till quite recent times. It is of course difficult to speak 
with certainty about times so remote from our own, but 
with regard to St John's I have an impression that 
during the Commonwealth period a much larger 
proportion of men entered the Inns of Court than at 
any other time. 

February 3, 1650 ['650-1]. 
Ordered by the Master and Seniors, that according to the 
custom of other Colleges, where there are no Conducts, and 

Nolesfrom the College Records. 167 

according to the present exigence here, few of the Fellows 
being in Orders, All Masters of Arts who are members of or 
resident within the Colledge shall from henceforth officiate in 
the Chappell by course ; and not onely Ministers, as heretofore, 
when the Liturgie (now taken away by pablique authoritie) 
required the pronouncing of Absolution by them alone. 

And whereas it hath been found by experience that the 
penaltie of foure pence appointed by the Statutes (at the 
making whereof it was judged considerable) is not a sufficient 
engagement upon men to the performance of their dutie, It is 
further ordered, That whosoever misseth his course any 
morning or upon the Saterday or Lord's day in the Evening 
shall be punished twelve pence for everie omission. And that 
the benefit of the Mulcts soe inflicted redound wholly to those 
tliat doe officiate at such times. 

Signed by : John Arrowsmith ; Tho. ffothergill ; Is. Worrall ; 
Ja. Mowbray; Ja. Creswick; Will. Allot; Ed Stoyte; Sam. 

The difficulty can be illustrated by an example. 
Lawrence Fogg, son of Robert Fogg, Rector of Hoole, 
was admitted to Emmanuel College 28 September 1644 ; 
he migrated to St John's, where he was admitted 
2 August 1645, being then aged 16. He was admitted 
a Fellow of the College 3 April 1650. He was admitted 
Junior Dean 2 February 1655-6, and William Twyne, 
who succeeded him, was admitted to the office 
4 February 1637-8. By the statutes the Deans were 
responsible for the Chapel services. But during his 
term of office Fogg was neither in episcopal nor 
presbyterian orders. 

In the English Ilisiorical Review for October 1895 
(Vol X, pp. 744-753 J, is printed an account, taken from 
the La mbeth MS. 637, Gibson papers, of the proceedings 
of the clergy in Cambridgeshire. This contains the 
following passage : 

By the Kasterne part of the Association of Cambridgeshire : 
June, 16: 1658 : being a day set apart for publike prayer and 

1 68 Notes from the College Records. 

fastinge in the place of publike worship in the towne of 
Swaffam Prior in the countie of Cambridge, Jonathan Jephcot, 
minister of Swaffham Prior, Abraham Wright, minister of 
Cheavely, John Meadow, minister of Ousden, James Illingworth, 
fellow of F.mmanuell Colledge in Cambridge and William 
Burchall, minister of Wringford in the lie of Elie, by prayer and 
imposition of hands did solemnly set apart to the worke of the 
Ministerie, Mr Robert Scott, master of arts and fellow of 
Tiiniiie College, Cams. Mr Lawrence Fog, master of arts and 
fellow of Snt John's College, in Cambridge, Mr Martin Francis, 
master of arts and fellow of Pembrook hall in Cambridge, 
Mr John Wildbore Mr of Arts and fellow of Clare hall in 
Cambridge. They having first given teslimoniall of theyr 
godly life and conversation, and proofe of theyr abilities and 
call to that woik. Signed by Stephen Rants appointed 
moderator for the next generall meeting and Register pro 

Thus Fogg, while officiating as Dean, was a laymart. 
tie served the office of Sacrist from 2 February 1658-9 
to 2 February 1659-60. His subsequent career was as 
follows. He became Rector of Hawarden, but was 
ejected for nonconformity at the Restoration. He 
subsequently conformed, became Vicar of St Oswald's 
in Chester, on the presentation of the Dean and Chapter 
of Chester ; ultimately he became Dean of Chester and 
died 2% February 17 17-8. In the Bishop's Registry at 
Chester are preserved a singularly valuable series of 
"Visitation Books." The diocese was periodically 
visited by Archdeaconries, and the clergy were called on 
to produce their letters of Orders, their certificates of 
institution to benefices or licenses to curacies, and these 
facts were recorded. 

One of these Visitations records of Lawrence Fogg, 
S.T.P., Vicar of St Oswald's in Chester: 

" Diaconatus per Thomam Candidae Casae Episcopi, 
ultimo Februarii 1660 [i 660-1]." *' Presbytcratus per 
eundem Episcopiim eodem ipso die." 

ifotes from the College Records, 1 69 

Candida Casa is the Latin name for Whitliern in 

The same Visitation Book contains a glimpse of' 
What was probably a similar career ; it being recorded 
that Jonathan Brideoak, Rector of Mobberley in 
Cheshire, was ordained both Deacon and Priest by the 
Bishop of Exeter 25 January 1 660-1. Brideoak was 
admitted a Fellow of the College 25 March 1656. He 
was Junior Bursar of the College from 13 February 
1665-6 to 16 February 1674-5. He was a brother of 
Ralph Brideoak, Bishop of Chichester. On 15 April 
1678 he had a dispensation fi-om the Archbishop of 
Canterbury enabling him to hold the Vicardge of 
Bexhill, Sussex, with the Rectory of Mobberley irt 
Cheshire, but he does not seem to have availed himself 
of it as he was never instituted to Bexhill. His 
ecclesiastical preferments seem to have been follows J 
Instituted Vicar of Whaddon, co. Cambridge 20 January 
1661-2, ceding this in 1666; instituted Rector of 
Ilketshall St John, Suffolk,' in December 1664, ceding 
this on being instituted Rector of Mobberley 18 
September 1674. He was instituted Rector of Sephton, 
Lancashire, 24 August 1678, holding Sephton and 
Mobberley until his death in 1684. 

It seems a little 'odd that rules relating to the 
discipline of the College should be entered in a Plate 
Book, but until the i8th Century the Master and 
Seniors kept nothing in the nature of a Minute Book 
of their meetings. The consent of the College to 
the sealing of documents seem to have been recorded 
by the Master, or in his absence the President, writing 
after the copy in the Lease Book "I am content that 
this lease to A.B. be sealed " and signing this. In the 
16th and 17 th centuries the few Orders which have 
been preserved are inscribed in the Register of Officers, 
Fellows and Scholars. In the early part of the 17th 
century a new book was started at both ends. At the 
one end are the orders and decrees passed by the 


170 Notes fr Of n the College Reoords. 

Master and Seniors, at the other the record of the 
punishments injQicted on peccant members of the 
College. Some examples of these orders may be of 

Jauuary 19th 1627-8. 
It was ordered and agreed vpon by the Master and Seniors 
that if any shalbe willing att his owne charge to sue for any 
lands concealed from the Colledge, vppon signification to the 
sayd Master and Seniors of the lands they desyre to sue for 
they shall have a lease thereof graunted to them. 

January 19th 1629-50, 
It was ordered and appoynted by ioynt consent of the 
Seniors thatt all the Bachelors of Arts and Senior Sophisters 
residing in the Colledge shold be tyed to be dilis;ent 
auditors of the Hebrew lecture read within the said Colledge* 
And that in case of negligence the Lecturer may mulct them as 
the Greeke Lecturer hath vsed a penny for every absence. And 
in regard that theese auditors assigned may be ignorant of the 
Hebrew tounge It was therefore further ordered that it shalbe 
lawfull for the said Lecturer alt the first entrance into his 
lecture to read over the Grammer vnto Ihem before he proceed 
to interprett any Autor in that tounge. 

Anno Domini 1632. 
It was agreed vppon by the Master and Seniors that 
Richard Spynke, Master of Arts, vppon contempt in not 
delyvering his Coppy of a scandalous Commonplace delyvered 
in the Chappell the xlh day of May last past was by consent of 
the Master and Seniors of the said Colledge removed from all 
Interest and benefitt in the Colledge and to be hereafter 
reputed no member thereof in all respects. Signed by ; Owen 
Gwynn ; Robert Lane ; Robt. Allot ; Tho. Spell ; John Pryse ; 
ffra. Cooper ; Tho. Thornton. 

December the 15th 1638. 
It is decreed the day and yeare aboue written, eucry 
Pensioner to be admitted into ffellows commons shall give vnto 
the Colledge for his admission a siluer pott, or goblet, of the 
best vouch, in value worth foure pounds, wherein if he please, 
he may engraue his armes and uame, or eyther of them. 

Notes from ike CoiUgt Records. 171 

fit:bruar)r 22, 1638-9^ 
The day and yeare aboue mentioned, it was ordered and 
dccreede by the Master and Seniors, that noe ffellow, ffellow- 
cominoner. Master of Arts, or any other whatsoeuer shall borow, 
receiue, or lake any booke out of the Library (vnles the consent 
and leaue of the Master, or in his absence* the President, And 
the maior part of the seniors first had and obteyned) and tliat 
but one at once, the former still being restored before any 
other be borowed, and euery one being thus taken, ta be 
delivered back within 48 houres, the boroiver allwais giuing, 
vnder his hand, notice to the Library Keeper of the bookes 
receiued and retorned. The breaker of this order to be 
censured as furii reus by the Master and Seniors. Signed by • 
William Beale, Praefect, and others. 

February 6th, 1654 [1-654-5]. 
Ordered then by the Master and Seniors whose names are 
underwritten, that four poimdes shall bee due from a Fellow 
Commoner for his admission into the Coliedg, and in case h« 
desire to giue a i^eece of plate that it weigh sixteene ounces at 
the least and likewise that it be brought in and weigh'd at the 
next quarters accounts after his admission or a month after at 
the furthest. Signed by: Anthony Tuckney, Thomas- 
ffothergill; Rich. Beresford ; Ja. Mowbray ; Jo. Howseman ;. 
Hu^ Burnby ; Hen. Eyre- 
One would have expected the two entries which^ 
follow, which in: effect introduced the Puritan rule- 
into the College, ta have been entered in the Register* 
of officers, but they are in the last named composite^ 
volume. After their entry there is a gap filled up by 
the Orders entered in the Plate Book already quoted.. 

Aprill the Eleaventh 1644.. 
On which day the Right Honble Edward^ Earle of 
Manchester, in pursuite of an Ordinance of Parliament for 
regulating and reforming of the Vniuersity of Cambridge, 
Came in person into the Chappell of St John's Colledge, and 
by the Authority to him committed as aforesaid, did in 
presence of all the ffellowes now resident, Declare and. 
publish Mr lohn Arrowsmith to be constituted Master of the 

IJ2 Natci from the College Records, 

said Colledge in roome of Doctor Beale late Master there, but 
now iustly and lawfully eiecled, requiring him the said Mr lohn 
Arrowsmith then present to take vpon Inm the said place 
Office and charge, and did put him into the Masters seat or 
stall within the said Ciiappell, and deliuered vnto .him the 
Statutes of the said Colledge in testimony of his actual 
investiture ^nd possession of the said charge. And the saide 
Earle of Manchester doth likewise straightly charge all and 
euery the ffellowes, schollers, students and all others belonging 
to the said Colledge to acknowledge him the said Mr lohn 
Arrowsmith to be actually Master of this Colledge and 
sufficiently authorised to execute the said Office and accordingly 
to yeild vnto him all such respect and obedience as the 
Statutes of the said house doe require to bee giuen vnto him aa 
Master thereof, notwithstanding hee bee not elected nor 
admitted according to the Ordinary course prescribed by the 
said Statutes in this time of distraction and Warr, there being 
a necessity of reforming as well of the Statutes themselves as 
of the members of the Colledge. In wittnesse whereof the 
said Earle of Manchester hath commanded this declare' ion and 
act of his Lordship to bee entered into the Leigier bookes of 
Actcs of the said Colledge and also of the Vniuersity of 
Cambridge to remavne of record for perpetuall memory. 

£. Manchester. 

I lohn Arrowsmith being called and constituted by the 
Right Honble Edward, Earle of Manchester (who is authorised 
thereto by an Ordinance of Parliament), to be Master of 
St John's Colledge in the Vniuersity of Cambridge, with the 
approbation of the Assembly of Diuines now sitting at 
Westminster: Doe solemnly and seriously promise in the 
presence of Almighty God the searcher of all harts, that the 
time of my continuance in that charge, I shall faithfully labour 
to promote piety and learning in myselfe, the ffellowes, 
scholars and Students that doe or shall belong to the said 
Colledge, agreably to the late solemne National League and 
Couenant by me sworne and subscribed, with respect to all the 
good and wholesome Statutes of the said Colledge, and of the 
Vniuersity correspondant to the siid Couenant; And by all 
roeanes to procure the good welfare and perfect reformatioq 

Naits /ram the College Records, 1 73 

both of that Colledge aad Vniuersity so farre as me apper- 

April, II John Arkowsmith. 


The following Orders all illustrate some phases of 
College life. 

February 19, 1673-4. 

The Master and Seniors taking notice of the great excesse 
that hath lately grown in expences at the performing Acts, 
Declamations, and the first time of a common place. They 
doe wholly forbid any entertainment to bee made for 
Declamations and common places. And for Acts to bee 
performed in the Chappell, they doe require of all Tutors that 
they permit not any Fellow commoner to expend aboue twenty 
shillings at any such Act performed, nor that they doe them- 
selves expend more. And for the Fellows they cannot suspect 
they should follow any such example, they doe expect therefore 
they should moderate themselues much below it. 

February 19, 1673-4 

The Master and Seniors taking notice of the great abuse in 
violating the Statutes by the Senior Batchelors laying exercise 
and arbitrary punishments upon the Scholars for the keeping 
Christmas ; They doe hereby strictly require of the Deanes that 
there be no pecuniary mulcts imposed by the Senior BatchelorSy 
and that they take particular care that they breake off all 
entertainment at tenn of the clock at night both in the Hall, 
and in their chambers. 

November 13, 1678 

Ordered then by the Master and Seniors, That for the 
future none shall be capable of being elected scholars of the 
House (except into such scholarships as are by Statute to be 
chosen into within a time otherwise limited after they fall voyd) 
who doe not offer themselues to examination, and deliver in 
their Epistles on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday before the 
Election ; That so every person's capacity and qualifications 
ipay be sufficiently known in due time to all the Electors. 

174 Notes from the College Records. 

(Same dale) 

Ordered that no person having an Exhibition, of what kind 
or sort soever, shall discontinue at one or more times in one 
yeare, more than the time allowed by their respective founders, 
or where they are not limited as to time by their Founders more 
than Three Months ; unlesse the occasion of such discon- 
tinuance be allowable by the Statutes of the College, and 
sufficiently attested to the Master and Seniors, and by them 
approved of. And that whosoever shall discontinue beyond 
the times limited as above (without such approbation) shall 
ipso facto lose their Exhibitions and they shall forthwixK be 
elected into as actually voyd ; or as soon as by their particular 
settlement they can be chosen into. This Order to commence 
from Christmas next ensuing the date hereof. 

May 2, 169a 

Whereas to prevent the growing excesses of enlertainemen4* 
at Acts and other exercises, a decree was formerly made 
prohibiting all manner of expences at some, and retrenching 
them at other exercises, which hath not proved effectuall as 
to the latter branch, soe that by reason of some difficuliie of 
keeping exactly within the bounds prescribed, or of timely 
discoveringe the transgressions when made, the expenses at 
Acts in the Chappell are become more extravagant then ever^ 
whereby duties imposed by the Statutes are made chargeable 
and greivous to the discouragement and hinderance of exercise 
and to the prejudice and dishonour of the Societie ; The 
Master and Senior Fellowes (desirous to apply the most 
effectuall remedie to so great an evill) doe hereby forbid any 
entertainment for the future to be made at any Act or exercise 
whatsoever ; And they doe not doubt but full obedience will be 
readily paid to this injunction which is recommended by its own 
great usefulness and expedience as well as now enforced by a 
Religious obligation arising from the Statutes. 

November 17, 1712 

Whereas many scholars have been of late very faulty ia 
absenting themselves from Chappel and from examinations, 
lectures, and disputations; and in neglecting the exercises 
which they are obliged to perform. It is ordered by the 
Master and Seniors that no scholar shall keep his chamber^ 

Notes from the College Records. 175 

but for some cause which shall be certifyed by his Tutor to one 
of the Deanes, and approved of by him. That everyone who 
has leave to keep his chamber shall make Themes and verses in 
like manner as he would otherwise be obliged to do, unless his 
Tutor certify that he is in so ill health that he is not able to do 
it. That the Butler shall at the end of every Terra deliver to 
the Master an account of all defaults of this kind and that those 
who have been scandalously faulty shall be declared by the 
Master and Seniors not to have kept their Residence for that 
Term and shall be accordingly entered in the College Books 
as non Resident. That every scholar who shall for any fault or 
misdemeanour be put out of Commons or Sizings and shall 
for the space of one day neglect to make his application and 
submission to the College Officer by whom the punishment 
according to the statutes has been inflicted, shall be forthwith 
sent out of the College. 

The two following Orders have been brought 
together as they seem to indicate some curious change 
of custom during the hundred odd years which 
separate them. 

A Decree made by the Maister and Seniors of St John's 
Colledge November 6, 1605 

It is decreed by the Maister and Seniors whose names are 
heere vnder written, that no Fellow shall have above one 
subsiser except the same be allowed before by the Maister and 
the greater parte of the Seniors being mette together ; and if 
anie Fellowe contrarie to this decree doo keepc vnder his 
tuition anie moe subsisers then one by the space of one 
Monthe, that then the said Fellow is to be punished vjj viijV. 
by the Maister, the President, or anie Officer ; if two monthes, 
xiijj. \\\)d\ and so on forwarde the punishment everie monthe 
to be doubled and to be exacted of the Steward for the 
Colledge by the Senior Burser for the time being. 

Signed by: Ric. Clayton ; R. Worrall ; Arthur Johnson ; John 
Allenson; Willm. Hollande; Wm. Billingsley, Wm. Nelson; 
Abdie Assheton. 

176 Notesjrom the College Records. 

March 20 1 715-6 

Whereas every Fellow at his Admission to his Fellowship 
is b}' oath obliged to observe all the laudable Customs of this 
College; and whereas thefe is a very antient and laudable 
custom of the said College that every Fellow and all others 
who are in Fellows Commons should entertain a Sizar, but by 
the neglect of this good custom many poor scholars have been 
deprived of that support which they should have had ; we the 
Master and Senior Fellows by virtue of this Statute and Oath 
require all Fellows and all others who are in Fellows Commons 
to entertain a Sizar in such manner as has been accustomed. 

R. F. S- 

{To hi corUinu/d)^ 

(Ascribed to a friend of Omar Khayyam,) 

Then said anothef (and his cheek grew pale)i 
*• Methinks the Loaf of Bread is very stale : 
We are used hardly ; it is yesterday's ! 
What doth the Daily Baking now avail ? 

For if the Crust be dry, and eke the Crumby 
And st6re of Marg Arine may never come 

Upon the toiling Masticator's lips, 
What should he be except a figure dumb? 

If he essay to speak, and loose a shaft 

Of winged speech upon the One who Laughed, 

Shall he not choke, with parched CEsophagusi 
And, gasping, curse the trick and savage craft? 

But if the Flask of Wine be hither brought. 

The sacred Juice may set the Drought at nought! 

Talk not of BlAk 1-hists or of Koppirs grim — 
He that is swift to fly is never caught. 

I thank thee— 'tis a generous meed. I drink 
To comrades true — to love — to — yet I shrink. 
The colour is not all that one could wish— 
Fie I Out upon thee ! 'Tis a draught of ink ! 

Omar! where didst thou buy this brand so rough? 
Nay — do not lie! My throat hath had enough! 

Put on the Garment of Repentance drear: 
The LokhAl Grossir did supply the stuflf! 

Ah ! let me go ! Nay — do not thus implore I 
'A slight mistake?' That tale hath oft before 

Been dinned into mine ears Farewell, my friend I 
The Wilderness and Bough can charm no more. 

VOL. xxiV. A A 


I HE town was small, and the population small 
and serious. There was a railway station;' 
also a market cross, a post ofiice, a chemist's, 
and an ** emporium." You purchased your 
tobacco at the saddler's, and the bootmaker stocked 
bicycle accessories and repaired the punctured tyre. 
After prolonged enquiries, the local circulating library 
was run to earth at the back of a Berlin wool shop. It 
consisted of two unpretending shelves, on which books 
for boys bulked largely. The publishers most in 
evidence were the Religious Tract Society ; but the 
world was represented by a little nest of Miss Marie 
Corelli's works, and a novel by Du Boisgobey (in a 
most respectable green cloth binding) had somehow 
escaped the censorship. This was in the hands of a 
severe female in black bombazine and pince-nez, who 
read each customer at a glance, picked out the 
literature indicated by the symptoms of the case, and 
dispensed it at twopence per volume (change when you 
like) with a firmness that did not encourage altercation. 
Under this despotic rdgime the inhabitants of the place 
were occupied in reading what was good for them, as 
distinguished from what they liked ; and it was darkly 
rumoured that an elderly mariner of bibulous habits 
had been sent home bearing " The Skipper's Repent- 
ance : a Temperance Story," while ** A Preservative 
against Popery " in eighteen volumes had been pressed 
upon the attention of a ritualistic curate. His own 
sufferings the writer of this article declines to reveal. 
It will be enough to say that he took an unsportsmanlike 

Twopence Coloured. 179 

adv^antage of a moment when the attention of the 
sleepless guardian of local morals was diverted by the 
exigencies of a flourishing traffic in worked sHppers, and 
cam^ away with "The Midnight Passenger" by 
Richard Henry Savage, unostentatiously placed between 
a tractate against vivisection and a book of travels. 

"The Midnight Passenger" is one of the finest flowers 
of transatlantic fiction. The canvas is crowded, the 
colours crude, and the technique that of a partially 
intoxicated sign-painter; but the work as a whole is 
inspired by a youthful vigour to which the eflfete 
monarchies of Europe are strangers. The reader is in 
the hands of one of America's brightest, breeziest, and 
most brainy citizens ; so. he has to hustle and no 
mistake about it. 

The plot of the story is without special merit. It is 
intricate, but the intricacies are pointless and fail to 
arrest the attention. Moreover, the author makes the 
mistake of allowing the villain to murder the hero and 
dispose of his remains half-way through the volume, so 
that the rest of the drama has to be played out by 
actors of secondary importance. The interest lies 
rather in the dramatis personae. Here our author throws, 
aside altogether the worn-out method of the old world — 
the revelation of character by words and deeds — and 
substitutes the simpler plan of indicating it by epithet ;. 
while, like the ordinary bargee of canal-borne commerce,, 
he inclines on the whole to attach his epithets to the 
eyes of his characters. The hero has a " callous eye " ; 
the I St murderer has " sleepless eyes " with a "steely 
gleam" in them; the 2nd murderer is "brisk-eyed" 
at the beginning, but becomes " wolfish-eyed " towards 
the end ; the heroine is credited with " sapphire blue 
eyes!" and the "frosty blue eyes" of the old family 
friend "gleam with an Arctic light." Three lawyers 
with preposterous names also play prominent parts. 
At first, " the bustling Witherspoon," a "jovial 
westerner," who nevertheless is not above wearing "the 

I So Twopsnce Coloured^ 

oily mask of his profession," appears to have little in 
common with the " massive" Samuel Boardman, or Mr. 
Ezra Warner with his " sharp attentive nod "—but they 
are all bound together by the common enjoyment of 
*' ferret eyes." 

Incidentally this volume supplies some interesting 
information with respect to the manners, morals, and 
social organisation of the New World. Randall Clayton, 
the hero, is "the type of the average, well-groomed 
New York business man," and he wears a " modish 
spring overcoat." Though "self-contained and 
prematurely jaded," he has a " healthy tan " upon his 
face, and " a soldierly moustache finely setting off a 
frank and engaging countenance." But he does not 
rest upon his personal attractions. A commanding 
social position is secured for him by the fact that while 
the honesty of inferior persons is insured in a Fidelity 
Guarantee Office for small sums, Randall Clayton is 
priced very high. Thus " he was the envy of his 
limited coterie, even though his few intimates looked 
with a certain awe upon a man who was obliged to file a 
bond of fifty thousand dollars for his vast pecuniary 
handlings." We have heard of hierarchies both social 
and ecclesiastical, but a society graduated by honesty 
guarantees has a novelty and freshness peculiar to a 
continent still, as our author would phrase it, " in the 
flush of its unsapped vigour." 

Another feature of American life unconsciously 
brought out in " The Midnight Passenger " is its jumble 
of nationalities. The hero is of course an Anglo-rSaxon, 
notwithstanding the fact that that " frank young fellow" 
is in the course of the story, without any apparent 
reason, changed into a " taciturn man of feline 
secretiveness." The principal heroine is Anglo-Saxon 
also, as are the medical adviser, the whole lot of the 
lawyers, and the 2nd murderer — "Arthur Ferris, the 
dark 'Pride of Columbia,* as his college mates fondly 
called him." So also is Hugh Worthington, the head 

Twopence Colour cJ. i8i 

of the Trust by which Randall Clayton is employed, a> 
" cool old badger," who, clad in " the toga of 
respectability " looms mysteriously in the background ; 
but the second heroine, Irma Gluyas, who wears 
" natty bottines " and has a " wild, wayward heart," is a 
Hungarian. Emil Einstein, the ** bright-faced office 
boy," "vulpine," "eel-like" and "nimble," with a 
** vicious leer," and " efflorescent jewellery " is 
presumably a German Jew, and to the "unflagging 
deviltry" of this "brisk Figaro" much of the trouble 
that falls out in the . story is due. Fritz Braun, the 
1st murderer, originally "a talented and handsome 
young chemist," but now a " pharmacist" who wears 
blue spectacles as a " mask to veil his wolfishly evil 
life," is an Austrian. Adolph Lilienthal, the picture 
dealer, " a meek, furtive, catlike connoisseur," is also of 
foreign extraction. McKierney, the detective, is " the 
ideal of a resolute young Irish priest," saving his 
*• Roman Collar." 

It will by this time be obvious to the meanest 
understanding that our author rises above the prose of 
ordinary fiction. He happily expresses the fact that 
the affections of the hero are disengaged by saying that 
** no Diana had stooped to kiss the forgotten young 
Endymion, sleeping in the Lethe of a New York 
business obscurity." But the 2nd heroine soon rectifies 
this little omission ; and a view of her back produces 
such a disturbing effect upon him that the " ichor of 
young bloo^-i " is " boiling in his veins at last," and he 
forgets at first to pay in his money at the proper bank; 
when he at length reaches that destination by a 
circuitous route, it is to " glance mechanically at the 
bank book's entries " and to " wearily parry the 
badinage of the bright faced young bank teller." From 
this time forward " all was a grey blank of toiling days 
and carking cares." This leads on to " savage 
cursing," when the "ticking of the office clock 
sounded like the hollow tapping of hammers upon 

1 82 Twopence Coloured. 

coffin lids to the solitary man," and he lingers in his 
office after the other clerks have gone, ** in a trance of 
agony." After a time he receives an untruthful 
telegram on yellow paper — a colour which our author 
picturesquely accounts for as " livid with its living lie." 
**The silky-grey dawn found him still dressed lying on 
a chair." After these mental torments, death at the 
hands of the villain must have been a welcome relief; 
and so it came about that ** a ghastly gleaming corpse 
was whirled hither and thither under the blackened 
waters rushing inward from the sea under the arch of 
Brooklyn Bridge, a mute witness to the curse of Cain, 
waiting God's awful mandate for the sea to give up its 

And the painful part of it is that this miserable stuff 
is produced by the author of that excellent story " My 
Official Wife." 


A Letter 

My dear OlHe, 
Lost ! My brolly ! 
Have you seen it ? 
Did you * screen' it ? 
Pray! Where is it? 
Did my visit 
Leave it 'Stygian/ 
Or I leave it 
To retrieve it 
At the Roadway, 
Harvey Roadway ? 
If you've got it, 
Sure! you'll spot it: 
It's a wood one 
And a good one, 
It's a town one 
And a brown one. 
With a handle 
A rectangle, 
Tho' it's fameless 
(Haply blameless !) 
For it's jiameless. 
Should you find it 
Kindly mind it. 
Mind and tend it 
Till you send it. 
If you've not it 
And can't 'pot* it, 

53 QuierCs Gardens, 

Be not worried 
Neither flurried, 
Nothing daunted 
While I trust you 
As I must do. 
So conceive me 
And believe me. 
With all sweetness 
And completeness. 
In the semblance 
Of remembrance 
Yours confessing 
Yours in blessing; 
Where Montrose's 
Mountain rose is. 
In the ascendant 
Hielan' bluided, 
Kilted, hooded. 
Wig and gown on, 
Legal frown on, 
Yours in blending 
Start with ending. 
Fool or clever 
Yours as ever, 
And responding 
Without laches 

Lionel H.-S. 


|ARCUS and Quintus, aged fifteen and fourteen 
respectively, were the autocrats of Cilurnum 
and the real commanders of the Second Ala 
of Asturian cavalry, which formed the 
garrison of that pleasant little fortress beside the 
northern branch of the Tyne. It was true, no doubt, 
that Cilurnum, with the larger part of the known world, 
was nominally subject to a person officially styled the 
Imperator Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus 
Pius, and so forth for half a dozen lines of bewildering 
letters and symbols, which used to puzzle Marcus and 
Quintus so terribly, as they laboriously spelt them 
out from the great stone slab above the doorway of the 
new granary ; but the Imperator Titus Aelius et cetera 
never came near Cilurnum or made any attempt to 
dispute the sovereignty of his youthful rivals. Once, it 
is true, a cheery red-faced old man, who called himself 
the Imperial Legate, had stayed a day and a night at 
their father's villa by the river side ; but he had shown 
no desire to dispossess Marcus and Quintus of their 
power and position, unless he were really using subtle 
and treacherous devices, when he made them ill with 
sweetmeats and half killed them with his good- 
humoured jokes. 

There was also a certain Prefect, Aelius Longinus 
by name, who used to ride at the head of the Asturian 
.cavalry, wearing a red cloak and a bright bronze 
helmet with a white plume. Aelius usually treated the 

The Truants. ^ 185 

regiment as though he had some authority over its 
doings ; but he happened to be the father of Marcus 
and QuintUs, and those worthy youths were graciously 
pleased to allow him to perform the dull routine duties 
of a comraanditig officer s life-=-the drills, inspections, 
parades, and so forth : the boys were well aware (though 
to spare their father's feelings they never called 
attention to the fact) that the regiment thought a great 
deal more of them than it thought of Aelius. They had 
often heard the troopers grumble volubly, When theif 
father gave orders for a reconnaissance beyond the 
Wall, or a march to Vindolana and back to keep the 
horses in condition ; but if Marcus mildly hinted that 
his bow required mending, or if Quintus happened to 
suggest that he would like a fresh supply of pebbles iot 
his sling, two or three doien dark-haired wiry Asturiana 
would tumble over one another in their eagerness to 
compete for the honour of satisfying their young tyrants' 

Occasionally Aelius would display some vexation* 
when lie found a good third of his regiment dancing* 
attendance upon his two sons ; but the Prefect was an 
easy-going man and an indulgent father. Claudia, hi? 
wife, was wont tearfully to declare that he would end 
by spoiling the children altogether; but Claudia w^s a 
nervous and extremely fastidious person, imbued with 
the most outrageous ideas Cso Marcus and Quintus 
thought) concerning the proper education and correct 
behaviour of young gentlemen : the good lady was 
inconveniently anxious to turn her sons into show 
children-^prodigies to be paraded before visitors with 
neatly ordered hair and spotless white tunics, and to 
win admiration and flattery by primness of demeanour 
and precocity of speech. 

Marcus and Quintus detested the theory and 

abhorred the practice. Such exhibitions were suitable 

enough for their sister Aelia, who was only a girl, and 

therefore knew no better than to take delight in dress 


i86 The Truants. 

and display : for their part, they had a Spartan objection 
to making little monsters of themselves, like Lucius, the 
medical officer's son, whom their mother was for ever 
holding up as a shining example. Lucius was always 
clean, always well-behaved, and always polite of speech : 
he read Plato with his sisters, and went with his mother 
to pay calls; he wore his hair in curls, and allowed 
himself to be dressed in garments which, in the opinion 
of Marcus and Quintus, bore a shameful resemblance 
to the apparel of a girl. " The little beast ! " they 
would mutter viciously, whenever Claudia sorrowfully 
pointed out the shocking cqntrast between Lucius and 
themselves, between her ideals and their performances. 
Lucius was in fact the bugbear of their lives. His 
mother and sisters were inordinately proud of that 
young gentleman's beauty and accomplishments ; and 
the family paid many a malicious visit to the Prefect's 
villa by the river side. The beaming mother and 
adoring sisters of the prodigy would glow with secret 
delight, when Claudia effusively declared that she must 
fetch the boys to see dear Lucius ; for they had a shrewd 
knowledge of the interlude which was thereupon enacted 
behind the scenes. Presently Marcus and Quintus 
would be pushed into the room, clean of face but red 
with smothered indignation, neatly dressed but 
obviously most uncomfortable, to reply in sulky 
monosyllables to the artful questions which Lucius' 
mother and sisters framed for the purpose of exposing 
their inferiority in culture to the object of their hatred 
and contempt. In this, however, the fond worshippers 
of the accomplished youth were not always entirely 
successful : when dear Lucius was pressed to give some 
example of his wonderful attainments, Marcus and 
Quintus used to glare at him with such potency of 
"warning in their eyes, that not infrequently their timid 
rival would break down from sheer terror: he knew 
only too well that at the first opportunity Marcus and 
Quintus (they were such rough disagreeable boys, as 

Th€ Truants. 187 

Lucius* mother would privately declare) were sure to 
waylay him, and instil the necessity of a manlier 
behaviour by rolling him in the dirt, dipping him in the 
river, or — worst fate of all — dragging him to the 
Market place, where many other choice spirits would 
assemble and chase the terrified Lucius through the 
narrow streets of the fortress, till he flung himself, 
breathless, dishevelled, and half fainting with fear, into 
the porch of his father's house, and the old slave door- 
keeper drove away his tormentors by the allied forces 
of a stout stick and a virulent tongue. 

The Market-place was indeed (so Marcus and 
Quintus considered; many degrees better than the 
Elysian Fields. The boys who haunted it were not prim 
and affected little monsters, who could lisp out Vergil 
and prattle about Plato, but sturdy, active, and delight- 
fully untidy young ruffians, who played knuckle-bones 
in the portico, or fought glorious battles of Romans 
against Otadenes up and down the square: dirt was 
the only fashionable costume, and the white tunics of 
Marcus and Quintus seldom took more than the spacer 
of five minutes in losing every trace of their original 
hue. There were also red-faced market women to play- 
tricks upon, nervous tradesmen to irritate, and a 
hundred other exquisite forms of mischief to indulge, 
in ; and if these delirious joys happened to pall, there 
was always the big barrack-yard to fall back upon, with 
its relays of devoted troopers, every one of whom was 
full of the most sensational histories of soul-stirring 
peril and adventure. 

Their mother used to scold them querulously an*. 
give way to tears of sorrowful despair, whenever they. 
returned from the delights of this paradise to the more 
sober atmosphere of home. Sometimes she would even, 
threaten to imprison them in the house on the next 
occasion of their ill behaviour ; but though Marcus and:^ 
Quintus would appear dutifully penitent, the threat had. 
been idly uttered upon so many occasions, that by this. 

1 88 The T/tianiy. 

time it had lost its sting, and no fear of possible 
fulfilment ever troubled the boys' minds. However, a 
crisis came at last ; one evening the worthy pair arrive^ 
home in a state of more than usually complacent 
satisfaction, more than usually disreputable dirtiness, 
and more than usually hypocritical contrition ; their 
mother vowed with more than her usual determination 
that for the next week they should either stay within 
doors, or only stir abroad under her own supervision ; 
and when the next day came, Marcus and Quintus 
discovered that at last the threat was to be something 
more than a warning. 

Their first suspicion of the new order of things was 
aroused when they found themselves awakened, not by 
the young Pannonian slave who had hitherto been their 
ordinary attendant, but by Serapion, the sleek and 
smooth-tongued Syrian, who had so often earned their 
resentment and won their mother's favour by bearing 
tales of their adventures in the market place and 

" Where is Dagvald ? *' they cried, as the unwelcome 
vision of Serapion's dark features and shifting eyes met 
their gaze. 

" My lady your mother," Serapion answered in a soft 
insinuating voice, " has formed the opinion that Dagvald 
is somewhat too rude and unpolished for the duty of 
waiting upon young gentlemen of birth and refinement ; 
and I, though scarcely less unworthy, have been com- 
manded to attend upon you in his place. Will it please 
you to be so good as to rise r " 

The boys got up sulkily ; they were highly indignant 
at Dagvald's removal, for the young Pannonian had 
been their devoted admirer and frequent accomplice; 
but they did not consider it worth the trouble openly to 
resent an order which they purposed presently to have 
reversed, and never doubted that, upon the first bare 
intimation of their desire, the odious Serapion would be 
s«nt about his business^ and the familiar Dagvald 

The Truants. 189 

restored to his former sphere. So with an ill grace 
they submitted, but the submission was only momen- 
tary : instead of the short sleeveless tunics, which 
formed their ordinary summer attire, Serapion with a 
suave but malicious smile produced new and intolerable 
apparel — robes of such soft material and elaborate 
design, that Marcus and Quintus promptly declared 
that they would rather go back to bed and stay there 
for the rest of their lives, than endure the ineffable 
disgrace of being seen in such a dress. Serapion tried 
his utmost to remove their prejudices, but even his 
subtle tongue failed to make any impression on their 
obstinate determination. Before long he was forced to 
retreat, and ask his mistress to intervene. 

Claudia flew to the boys' room, and poured out upon 
them a flood of reproofs, entreaties, commands, 
expostulations, and arguments, but without the smallest 
success: the boys kept their tempers admirably, and 
gravely explained that they considered such garments 
extremely eflFeminate, — even worse than the clothes 
which had so often exposed Lucius to their ridicule and 
persecution. How then could their mother possibly 
expect them to demean themselves by touching such 
things ? 

*' Make your choice then," said Claudia at last : 
** wear these clothes, and have your liberty ; or put on 
your old tunics, and be confined to the house." 

Claudia had fondly imagined that the prospect of 
imprisonment would bring about a speedy and uncon- 
ditional surrender; but she was utterly mistaken. 
Without a moment's hesitation the boys chose the 
latter alternative, and in due course of time they found 
themselves w^andering about the villa in that moody 
and heroic frame of mind, which youth is apt to assume, 
when it conceives itself to have been treated with 

However, a purely passive display of injured 
innocence soon began to grow wearisome : the martyrs 

IQO The Truants. 

settled themselves in a corner of the atrium, and began 
to plot mischief by way of revenge. Marcus suggested 
a visit to the hypocaust furnace, and the assimilation 
of a treble allowance of dirt : Quintus was rather 
Inclined towards more violent methods of reprisal, and 
advised that the statues, which stood in niches along 
one side of the hall, should be deprived of their noses. 
But neither of these suggestions seemed altogether 
satisfactory. It was a fine summer day, and the 
opening in the atrium roof gave them a tantalising 
vision of a square patch of brilliant blue sky. The boys 
thought regretfully of the river and the woods, or the 
fields and gardens to the south of the fortress, which on 
a day like this were even more alluring than the dusty 
joys of the market-place. 

" I can't endure it," said Quintus at last : •* I can't stay 
indoors any longer." 

" You don't mean to tell me," said Marcus with the 
utmost horror and consternation, " that }'ou're going to 
give in, and wear those — those girl's clothes ? " 

" Yes, I am," Quintus replied, " and I also mean to 
tell you that you're going to wear them yourself." 

" Then I must give you two thrashings," said Marcus 
grimly — " one for being so soft as to talk of giving in, 
and the other for telling lies about me." 

** Oh, you fool, Marcus," cried the younger boy, as 
his brother seized him violently by the nape of the 
neck. " Can't you see that it's a plot ? " 

"What's a plot?" said Marcus, pausing, with one 
hand uplifted. 

" Don t shout so loud," Quintus answered. " When 
people are plotting, they always talk in whispers. Let 
me go, and listen." 

Marcus released his victim, and Quintus whispered 
the details of the stratagem in his brother's ear. 
Marcus started, chuckled, laughed, and finally clapped 
Quintus on the shoulder by way of signifying his 
enthusiastic approval; and then the two conspirators 

The Tiuanis. 191 

made their way into Claudia's presence, meekly gave 
notice of their submission, were duly wept over, com- 
mended, and forgiven by their mother, and presently 
handed over to Serapion, who was charged^ to dress 
them out in their new attire. A few minutes later they 
presented themselves for their mother's approval, 
wearing the long-sleeved tunics of delicate material 
which their Spartan souls abhorred : Claudia shed tears 
of maternal pride over their distinguished appearance, 
plotted a triumphant visit to Lucius' family for that 
very afternoon, and meanwhile revoked the edict which 
had confined the boys to the house ; for she felt perfectly 
sure that in such array they would never venture beyond 
the limits of the garden. 

Had Claudia been wiser or more observant, she 
would not have been deceived by the treacherous 
serenity with which her sons had changed their minds : 
she ought to have set a watch upon their proceedings ; 
but the wearing of fine clothes seemed such a natural 
and desirable thing in the simple lady's eyes, that she 
never harboured the smallest suspicion of her sons' 
repentance being other than genuine and unaffected. 
The truth, however, was quite the contrary. Marcus 
and Quintus stole back to their room, concealed their 
old tunics under the voluminous folds of iheir new 
apparel, and made their way to the garden, where they 
sat down to plot some extraordinary piece of mischief 
as retribution and recompense for the shame which they 
had been forced to endure. 

•* We ought to do something really bad," said 

** Something that we've never done before," Quintus 

" The market-place isn't nearly enough," Marcus 
continued: '* Where can we go? Where is there any 
place dirtier than that ? " 

"I tell you what!" said Quintus after a moment's 
reflection. *' Suppose we go out on the north side of 
the Wall." 

19^ The Truants. 

This was a sphere of mischief and adventure which 
was forbidden under the heaviest penalties ; and until 
this moment the fear of their father's anger had proved 
a sufficiently powerful deterrent: but now a sense of 
undeserved injury made the boys reckless, and Quintus' 
proposal was carried by acclamation. A quiet comer 
of the garden served as a dressing room, in which they 
quickly reassumed their beloved old clothes : the odious 
new garments were hastily concealed amongst the 
bushes; and a few moments later Marcus and Quintus 
crept through the hedge, and found themselves restored 
to freedom and self-respect. 

Breaking out of the garden was a very simple 
matter, but to elude the vigilance of the sentries and 
escape beyond the Wall was an exploit of far greater 
difficulty. Presently the boys wandered towards the 
river, which ran within a few yards of the eastern wall 
of their home; and suddenly the river suggested the 
means of attaining their desire. The stream (which 
now bears the name of North Tyne) flowed from north 
to south, and cut through the line of the great Wall, 
which stretched at right angles across the valley : a 
massive bridge, with piers and abutments of heavy 
masonry and a ponderous superstructure of timber- 
work, connected the severed portions of the line of 
defence; and though the great wooden barricade on 
the northern edge of the roadway was as high and 
impassable as the Wall itself, the waterways below 
were defended only by heavy wooden gratings, which 
raised or lowered, according to the height of the river, 
by winches fixed on the platform above. 

The boys crept furtively along the shingle of the 
river bank, close under the eastern wall of the villa, got 
some small amount of enjoyment at the spot where the 
main drain of the house entered the river, and presently 
to their infinite delight observed that the grating 
nearest to the western shore had for some unknown 
teason been raised, till its lower edge was a foot or two 
above the surface of the stream. 

The Truants. 193 

"Oh, what luck!" whispered Marcus. "Look, 
Quintus, we can get through there.'* 

"Yes," Quintus answered in a joyful undertone, 
" and we can get beautifully wet as well." 

The double opportunity was too good to be lost. The 
boys waded stealthily into the water, reached the grating, 
carefully ducked low enough to wet themselves to the 
neck, and so for the first time emerged into the mysteri* 
ous and forbidden region which lay to the north of the 
Wall. Once through the bridge, they waded out of the 
river and took to their heels, in the hope of putting 
themselves beyond the reach of observation. For the 
space of something more than a quarter of a mile the 
haughs to the north of the Wall had been cleared of 
scrub; but beyond that there was shelter from the 
inquisitive eyes of the sentries, who might have caused 
the adventure to be cut short at its very commence- 
ment. However, the forenoon of a glorious summer 
day was of all times the most unlikely for an Otadene 
incursion, and the vigilance of the sentries was some- 
what less strict than usual: the boys reached the 
shelter of the bush unobserved, ensconced themselves 
in a thicket of hazels, and planned the most exciting of 
imaginary adventures. 

This northern part of the valley was an ideal place 
for such forms of amusement. Away to the right and 
left the pine trees clustered dark and thick upon the 
slopes of the dale, but the flatter land beside the river 
was mainly covered by a dense tangle of thorns, 
brambles, hazels, and other bushes, traversed by narrow 
and tortuous paths, with here and there a little circle of 
open turf, and here and there a strip of marshy land, 
through which a tiny streamlet trickled towards the 

For some time the boys were purely military. Marcus 

was Julius Caesar, and Quintus the tenth Legion, while 

three acres of scrub represented the. three parts into 

which all Gaul was divided. Then, by way of com- 


194 The Truanh. 

pensation, Quintas became Agricola, and Marcus was 
the army with which that renowned commander con- 
quered the northern parts ^f Britain : the hero marched 
his forces to the river Taus, represented by the stream 
which had recently afforded them the delights of a 
thorough wetting ; and presently the river laid its spell 
upon their souls, and made them forget their fictitious 
characters. Many a time had they explored its course 
from the Wall southwards, as far as the point where it 
joined waters with its brother river from the west ; but 
here were unknown windings and every possibility of 
hidden wonders : here was a stream flowing from the 
savage and mysterious north, and who could say that 
river-gods and water-nymphs were not to be seen 
disporting themselves round the next corner ? 

The idea was awesome, and yet irresistibly alluring. 
The African explorer of modern times, who embarks on 
a mighty and mysterious river without knowing whither 
the stream is to carry him, must feel a strange thrill of 
expectation and excitement as his boat begins to glide 
with the current towards the unknown. How much 
stronger must such sensations have been in days when 
the adventurer was every moment prepared to see more 
than the marvels of nature, when the mariner might at 
any time (so he believed) 

Have sight of Proteus rising from the sea, 
Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn! 

A river is instinct with a fascination which surpasses 
the charm of other material things : the tree moves, but 
the power of the wind, whch causes the motion, can be 
felt by man, and there is therefore no mystery in the 
effect: a river moves of its own unaided power, in 
storm or calm without cessation ; and it was only 
natural that less sophisticated and perhaps more 
imaginative ages should infer a personality from this 
mysterious quality. 

At any rate the charm of the moving river took 

The Truants 195. 

absolute possession of Marcus and Quintus. Marcus 
desired to see what there was to be seen round the next 
corner: Quintus could not be content unless he knew 
what the next reach beyond that had to disclose; then 
Marcus' curiosity was again aroused, and not satisfied 
till a fresh access of the same passion had. fallen upon 
his brother. In this fashion the sequence of " only one 
more " continued, till the boys were some miles to the 
northward of the point from which, they had started. 

It was hunger that arrested the progress of their 
eiLploration at last : the hour of the midday meal had 
already gone by, and the boys' well-timed appetites 
proclaimed its passing ; but for a. little while they still 
continued to wander along the river bank. Marcus was 
too proud to confess that he was hungry before Quintus 
g^ave in, and Quintus' imaginative soul wasstill reluctant 
to forego. the delights of freedom. and anew world; but 
a.t last Miarcus discovered a suitable stratagem. 

" We had better be turning back," he said,, with an« 
air of superior wisdom : " they must have missed us by 
this time ; and it isn't good for a. boy like yoa to go so. 
long without food." 

Quintus protested that he did not feel the least bit 
hungry, but the protest had an unconvincing sound: 
Llarcus overruled it without hesitation, and assured his. 
brother that if. he wasn't hungfry he ought The- 
boys had thrown themselves down to. rest beside the 
brink of the river, at the edge of a little open space of 
flat grassy land, where the thick bush retreated twenty 
or thirty yards from the water's edge. Now they rose- 
and made the first step homewards, — the first step, but 
no more. The next moment they came to a sudden 
standstill in terror and astonishment: as though by 
magic, the little grassy circle was ringed round by 
a company of Otadenes, who sprang from their place of 
concealment as soon as ever Marcus and Quintus showed 
the first sign of turning back. 

196 The Truants. 


Meanwhile the hour of the midday meal (or shall we 
boldly use a modern phrase and call it dinner time }) 
had arrived at the Prefect's villa beside Cilumum : the 
triclinium was ready, and the dishes were in danger of 
spoiling ; but there was no sign of Marcus and Quintus. 
For a few minutes Claudia was perplexed, but not 
immoderately alarmed, by their unprecedented absence : 
she had no suspicion of the stratagem by which she 
had been deluded, and no apprehension of positive 
danger ; but her conscience was quick to suggest that 
her insistence upon ornate apparel might have exposed 
her sons to some specially contumelious treatment at 
the hands of their old playfellows of the market place. 
Aelius, of course, was optimistic : naturally enough, he 
declared, the boys had run away for the whole day, as 
a reasonable protest against her absurd and unwarrant* 
able attempt to rob them of their boyish amusements ; 
for Aelius, it must be confessed, was the secret admirer, 
and sometimes the open defender, of his sons' mal- 
practices, and his inner soul rejoiced most disgrace- 
fully whenever Marcus and Quintus shocked their 
mother's notions of propriety, — notions which were 
much too stringent to suit the easy-going Prefect's 
Epicurean principles. 

**I know well enough what they have done," he 
said, as he helped himself for the second time to a 
large plateful of his favourite dish; "1 know well 
enough what I should have done myself under the 
circumstances. Don't be nervous about them, my dear 
Claudia: you will see them come home this evening 
dirtier and more delightfully dishevelled than ever. 
I wonder how you can delude yourself into thinking 
that boys will ever be anything else than boys. You 
are doing your best to make girls of them, and you 
can't understand that they abhor the mere suspicion 
of such a thing. Bah I you will see soon that they are 

The Truants. 197 

up to some extraordinary piece of mischief^ just to 
balance the account and soothe their injured feelings." 

Claudia was on the point of pouringc forth a tearful 
expostulation, when her remarks were prevented by the 
sudden entrance of Serapion. The obsequious Syrian 
was pale and agitated : he was carrying the garments 
which Marcus and Quintus had hidden amongst the 
bushes of the garden, and no words of his were needed 
to describe what had happened. 

"I told you so," said Aelius, triumphantly: **ril 
wager my head that you get them back this evening 
dirtier than ever they have been before, and quite out of 
their senses with delight. Wait and see if you don't, 
my dear Claudia." 

Claudia, however, was terribly upset by the dis- 
covery of the trick. She vowed to inflict the most 
condign punishment upon the deceivers, but the next 
moment she flew into a panic of motherly nervousness, 
convinced herself that her dear sons were in mortal 
danger, demanded that an immediate search should be 
made for the truants, and finally accused Aelius of 
neglecting his children and of being indifferent to her- 
self, till at last for the sake of peace he consented to 
g^ve orders for her wishes to be carried out. 

** I suppose you imagine," he sighed with an air of 
resignation, "that the regiment exists for no other 
purpose. Why, the men do little else but make the 
boys bows or slings, or waste their time in telling them 
stories ; and now I must suspend the whole routine of 
the place, while the countryside is being scoured to find 
these imps of mischief. However, I shall have no 
peace till it is done. Do you know which way they 
have gone, Serapion ? " 

" They must have broken through the hedge, sir," 
the slave replied ; " the door-keeper tells me that he is 
quite sure they never passed the door." 

"Then I'll wager my head they have gone to the 
river to get themselves wet," said Aelius with immense 

1 98 The Tnianti. 

satisfaction. "I am sure I should have done exactly 
the same, if I had been in their place." 

"The river!" Claudia exclaimed. "Oh, the gods 
forefend ! They are drowned by this time. They must 
certainly be drowned." 

The anxious lady at once burst into, tears, and her 
lamentations roused Aelius to action. 

" Tell the orderly to run and fetch Borcoth,** he said 
quietly to Seraphion : " then we shall soon see where 
they have gone." 

Borcoth was a native scout and tracker, — a kind of 
unofficial supernumerary of the First Ala of Asturians ; 
and before long he made his appearance. He was 
a small, wiry man, with black hair and swarthy 
features; for by birth he was one of the Silures of 
South Wales» whence Aelius had imported him as 
a trustworthy scout, whose efficiency would not be 
hampered by any feelings of kinship with the larger 
and ruddier Otadenes beyond the Wall. Borcoth wore 
nothing but a scanty tunic of wolf-skin ; his head was 
bare and his feet naked, and he carried no arms except 
a long dagger, which was fastened round his waist by 
a belt of undressed hide. The scout saluted Aelius, and 
waited without speaking for the Prefect's orders. 

Those orders were quickly given. Serapion led the 
scout to the garden and showed him the place where he 
had found the discarded clothes, while Aelius made his 
w^ay to the outer side of the hedge. Scarcely had he 
reached the spot, when Borcoth slipped through with 
a noiseless wriggle that hardly stirred a leaf: the scout 
glanced at the ground, and then looked up inquiringly 
at the Prefect's face; Aelius nodded, and Borcoth 
followed the trail till he came to the river bank. Then 
he stopped, examined the gravel carefully, and finally 
spoke to Aelius in broken Latin. 

** Two boy," he began, " small foot, good shoe ; boy 
go in water, and track lost. Ah, see there ! " 

He pointed to the grating, which was still raised 

The Truants. 199 

above the surface of the stream ; but before Aelius had 
time to do more than mentally record a vow of venge- 
ance against the unknown offender who had left the 
waterway open, the scout continued his explanation. 

" Boy see that," he said : " boy think he go out : boy 
not mind water. I know boy." 

Without more words he waded noiselessly into the 
water, slipped under the grating, and disappeared round 
the western abutment of the bridge ; but in less than a 
minute he returned. 

"Yes," he said, "boy come out far side and run 

Aelius could not imagine why he had not guessed 
the truth long ago, but the urgency of the occasion left 
him no time to waste in giving vent to his surprise and 
indignation. His strictest orders had been deliberately 
transgressed, but for the present that was a minor con- 
sideration : his sons were in danger, and he must act 
instantly and decisively. He pulled out his tablets, 
scribbled a hasty order, and gave it to Borcoth, com- 
manding him to run at the top of his speed to the 
barracks, and hand the tablets to Justus the sub-prefect : 
Borcoth was away like an arrow, while the Prefect 
himself ran back to the villa and a few minutes later 
came out in full military array. Almost at the same 
moment a slave led his charger to the door: Aelius 
heaved himself into the saddle, galloped up the slope to 
the eastern gateway of Cilurnum, clattered along the 
street to the northern gate, and reached the great 
double archway just as the rearmost troopers of two 
long lines of cavalry had passed through. 

On the flat grassy space before the north wall of the 
fortress the men formed up,— two hundred dark, stalwart 
Asturians, clad in tunics of brown leather, with cuirasses 
and other accoutrements of burnished bronze, and bronze 
helmets plumed with white feathers, — a fine, well-dis- 
ciplined detachment, though to-day their demeanour 
was less statuesque and their line less rigidly motionless 

200 The Truants. 

than usual. Borcoth had given them some account of 
the emergency which had called them out, and the men 
were restless with impatience and wild with anxiety: 
they all but worshipped the two truants whose lives 
were in danger, and even this momentary delay was 
exasperating them beyond endurance. 

However, Aelius was no less eager for haste. He 
gave brief directions to the Decurion of the leading 
section, and then rode off towards the river bank, the 
light-footed scout running with long easy strides by his 
charger's shoulder. Without a moment's delay Borcoth 
hit upon the trail, turned northward, and followed it 
silently, while Aelius and his Asturians rode behind 
him till they reached the spot where the boys had 
entered the bush. From that point their progress 
was slower: the trail was confused by the intricate 
marches and countermarches of the boys' mimic cam- 
paigns, and the scrub was a difficult place for the 
passage of the cavalry. But still the pursuit was con- 
tinued without a pause : Borcoth followed the trail 
intently but without comment, and even the excited 
troopers kept silence, except for occasional whispers by 
which they expressed a fervent desire that somehow or 
other the lads might be rescued, yet (if the two wishes 
were not incompatible) not without the fight for which 
their souls were longing. 

At last the head of the column reached the open 
space where the boys had brought their explorations to 
an end, and there Borcoih suddenly stopped. 

** Feet ! " he exclaimed, looking up at Aelius ; " very 
many naked feet : must go quick." 

He stretched out his hand and grasped the Prefect's 
stirrup leather as he spoke. Aelius' face was pale and 
very grave, but he made no answer in words ; he only 
spurred his horse to a steady gallop, and the whole 
troop followed him at the same rapid pace, growling 
and cursing with excitement and apprehension. Borcoth 
ran with them like a deer, but there was no need for 

The Path to DittoH. ibt 

his sharp eyes now. The youngest tfoopef could have 
followed the trail which a hundred naked feet had 
printed on the soft turf of the haughk 

{Ta hi <ontinuid\) 

R. H. F* 


A Sabbath morn serenely fair, 
That breathes of rest in e'en the aif, 
When distant bells call folk to prayei? 

Afar to Ditton : — 
Across the fields to church and prayef 

At far-off Ditton ! 

The fields are filled with flowerets gay 
That nod approval to the day, 
And render fairylike the way 

That leads to Ditton, — 
The simple, shining, sylvan way 

To far-off Ditton ! 

A rippling mirror of the sky 
Between green banks, flows softly by 
The path that leads, now low, now high, 

To far-off Ditton !— 
The winding path, the river nigh, 

That leads to Ditton ! 

W. A. Pearkes Withers. 

A'OL. xxJv. t) t> 


Och, och h6n ! td'n ghaoth ag sdideadh, 
Och, och h6n ! ti'n sdoirm ag reubadh» 
'S me Horn f^in, ar easbhuidh c6ille| 

Tr^igthe ar an trAigh ! 
Och ! timaoid sgartha le na ch^ile^ 

M6 f^in agus mo grddh ! 

DMmthigh si, go fealltach, brettgach» 
Seid> seid, a ghaoth ! a sdoirm na eisd leis ! 
Bi ag baaladh, bi ag reubadh, 

A's lean a long go br4th ! 
Cuimhneochaidh s^ annsin mar thr^ig si 

Me iiin, faoi leun 's faoi chr&dh ! 

Och a Dhe ! na tonna borba ! 
Och ! geursgreadh na gaoithe gairbhe ! 
Geim na dtonn, a's ath na fairrge, 

Ni fheidir long beith beo ! 
A Dhe n& b&ith i, cosg an sdoirmse, 
Och tug mi buangradh dh6 ! 

Och, och h6n I mo run, mo runsa, 
D'fhag si me ag gol go gruamach, 

D'f hag si me go br6nach buaidhrighthe, 

Uaigneach gach 14. 
Achd f6s, a Dh6, o ciunagh, ciunagh 
An mhuir, a's saor mo ghradh ! 

Theith se uaim i bhfad thar sAile, 
Threig si me im' rud bocht figtha, 

Achd, o Thighearna ! na dean cradh air, 

Tabhair dh6 sfonbog bre&gh. 

Tabhair dh6 cursa sl&n, sabh&lta, 

Oir fuair si uaim mo ghradh ! 

Douglas Hyi>e. 


Och^ ochone ! the wind is blowing, 
Och, ochone ! the storm is growings 
And I alone, distracted, wander 

Weary on the shore. 
Oh ! we are parted far asunder^ 
He's gone for evermore f 

He has fled me, false and faithless t 
Blow ye blasts, nor speed him scatheless t 
Strike his ship, and rending, breaking,. 

Oh ! leave him nevermore 
Until he rues his base forsaking 
Of me, lamenting sore ! 

God ! how wild the waves are rolling ! 
How the cruel wind is howling ! 
Seas are roaring, breakers swellings 

His ship will sure go dawn ! 
Oh ! save him. Lord ! the tempest quelling^ 
My heart is all his own ! 

Och, ochone ! my love, my own one^. 
He has left me, sad and lone one. 
He has left me broken-hearted,, 

Weeping all the day: 
But yet, O God ! although we're parted;, 
Oh ! still the storm, I pray ! 

While he fares across the ocean. 
Though he spurns my fond devotion^ 
Visit not his fault in anger. 
Speed him safe to shore ! 
Shield his ship from every danger,. 
I'm his for evermore! 

Donald MacAlister. 

[Tliis was set to music by R. A. S. Macalister (B.A» 1^92), 
and gained the prize for the best Irish song at the National 
Festival (Feis Ceoil) in Dublin, 1901 : the rhythm and the 
assonances of the oiiginal have been followed in the trans- 



IT the beginning of an academical year, which 
is for many also the beginning of their life at 
the University, it may not be altogether out 
of place for one whose sojourn there is now 
no more than a blessed memory to offer certain words of 
wisdom to those who perchance have not yet rent the 
garments of their inexperience, and whose caps are still 
*' four-square to all the winds that blow/ In many 
respects a man's first term is the most important of all» 
and is the dominating period of his career, for in it 
habits and tastes come into force which in subsequent 
terms are merely developed, and friendships are formed 
which have a vital influence on character, and which» 
possibly, only death will terminate. As touching this 
matter of friendship, since a fool may often give wise 
advice, it is allowable here to quote the speech of 
Polonius ; 

Be thou fatniliar, hut by no means vulgar. 
Those friends thou hast, and their adoptions tried. 
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel, 
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment 
Of each new-hatch'd unfledged comrade. 

But the fact which a freshmen is most likely to over-r 
look, and which it is salutary to impress upon him, is 
that his University course is one of the most transient 
phenomena in a singularly transient world. College 
life is so full of interests and amusements, so fascinating^ 
in the first flush of freedom from scholastic trammels 
^nd conventional restraintSj that to regard it as a fin^l 

The Choice of a Profession; 10$ 

existence, rather than as a preparation for something 
beyond, is fatally easy. Until the approach of his 
tripos the undergraduate lives under the strange 
illusion that such a life cannot possibly come to an end. 
It is obvious, of course, so obvious that to mention the 
fact seems silly, that it must end, yet the fact never fully 
comes home to an undergraduate, never overpowers the 
illusion. Not until the tripos is finished, the last bills 
come in, and the painful necessity of dismantling his 
rooms and packing up his eflFects forces itself on his 
unwilling attention, does he realize that he has all the 
while been living in a kind of dream. It is perhaps 
this transitory character which makes the charm of 
University life. So much is compressed into a little 
space. In the words which Matthew Arnold puts into 
the mouth of Mycerinus, only varying the numeral, 
xnight the freshman exclaim : — 

Three years — three little years — three drops of time, 

and in the same spirit lay himself out to make the most . 
of his allotted span, repressing and postponing the chilly 
thought of graduation. 

The rest I give to joy. Even while I speak 

My sand runs short ; and as yon star-shot ray, 

Hemm'd by two banks of cloud, peers pale and weak. 

Now, as the barrier closes, dies away ; 

Even so do past and future intertwine, 

Blotting this three years' space, which yet is mine. 

It is politic, however, for the freshman to remember 
that between his own case and that of Mycerinus there 
is one important diflFerence. The latter on the expira- 
tion of the appointed term was not required to go forth 
into the world to earn his living. His future was 
provided for in another sphere and in circumstances 
over which he had no control. 

The full-fledged B.A., on the other hand, when his 
train steams him out of Cambridge station for the last 
time, has before him, not kindly oblivion and eternal 

2o6 The Choice cf a Profession. 

deliverance from toil, but the sordid realities of modern 

This strange disease of modern life 

With its sick hurrj, its divided aims. 

To put the matter more practically, it is well for the- 
freshman who has his way to make in the world to 
begin his University career with a distinct notion as to 
how it is to help him in after life and what he is going- 
to do when he has taken his degree. Comparatively 
few men are born with a clear and unmistakeable 
vocation, yet some are wise enough, or their parents are 
wise enough, to fix early on some particular profession,, 
and direct their studies accordingly. Such are the men. 
who come up to read Law, Medicine or Theology, or 
some other subject which leads to a definite occupation,, 
and happy is the man who is in such a case. A great 
number, however, and more especially Classical men, 
proceed with the vaguest idea of the ultimate outcome- 
of their fantastic arts and recondite condition. Some, 
indeed, are lucky, or unlucky enough to be possessed 
of private means, and need not immediately consider to 
what end they are enquiring into the uses of irpXv and av, 
or cultivating the pretty accomplishment of Greek 
iambics and Latin elegiacs. But supposing that as a 
result of the hopelessly unbusinesslike habits and cast 
of mind which University life generally induces, the 
Classical Graduate of independent means is afterwards 
despoiled of his patrimony by the unscrupulous practices 
of that great world of actuality of which he has learnt 
nothing, what then r The state of that man is worse 
than the state of the originally impecunious. Well may 
the poet pray to Fortune to be delivered from prosperity 
if it is to be followed by adversity. 

At least caress me not before 
Thou break me on thy wheel. 

Such a contingency is not one, indeed, that many 
Englishmen need to be warned against. We are, as a 

The Choice of a Profession, 207 

nation, gcood at keeping what we have got and adding 
to it whenever possible. But if it is likely to happen 
anywhere, it is likely to happen among young 
University men fed mentally on the dream of literature 
and then suddenly cast loose in a world wholly given 
over to the worship of Mammon, of whose ways, 
even of whose forms of speech, they are supremely 
ignorant. For this is the anomaly of our upper-class 
education, that, though avowedly a nation of shop- 
keepers, we train our sons in the most unpractical 
and unbusinesslike manner possible. 

Take the case of a boy whose parents have just 
scraped together enough to send him to one of the 
public schools. He is clever and industrious, and goes 
up to the University by means of the classical scholar- 
ships he is able to win, knowing very little mathematics, 
still less of modern languages, and absolutely nothing 
of science or commerce. The object of the school 
authorities has been that he should obtain as good a 
classical scholarship as possible for the honour and 
glory of the school, and his studies have therefore been 
confined to that subject to the exclusion of everything 
else, quite irrespective of the question whether such a 
course is likely to benefit him in after life. He, 
naturally knows nothing of the world, and is quite 
content to go on gaining brilliant distinctions in the 
immediate present. The proud parents, too, themselves 
perhaps of commercial origin, and knowing about as 
much of the ways of a University or the nature and 
value of its degree as they do of local government in 
China, fondly imagine that as soon as their son can put 
B.A. to his name he will command an income of at 
least ;^5oo a year without the slightest difficulty. So 
the dear boy goes up to Cambridge to continue his 
classical studies, and is equally successful there in 
winning prizes and passing high in examinations. 
Gradually, though, he becomes dissatisfied with the 
narrow^ range ot his knowledge. He meets other men 

2o8 The Choice of a Profession, 

•who are working with some definite object in life, and 
it occurs to him to consider what he is going to do aftei* 
leaving College. But the thought does not trouble him 
much. He supposes he will become a schoolmaster, oi* 
something like that. Anyhow, there will be time 
enough to consider the matter when he has got his 
degree. Good appointments are sure to drop round 
the head of a man who has taken honours in the 
Classical Tripos, like ripe apples in a wind. Meantime, 
however, he is acquiring a new interest in general 
literature, and begins to neglect his classics for private 
reading. It appears to him that the method of teaching 
classics in vogue at the Public Schools and University 
is petty and pedantic. He has been studying the 
subject for five or six years and finds he has hardly 
read a twentieth part of Greek and Latin literature, 
and knows very little about the social life or the 
philosophy of Greece or Rome. His teachers have 
continually hammered into him rules of grammar and 
syntax, while the time he has spent over composition, 
considered in the gross, appears to his opened eyes 
positively appalling. The consequence of all which is 
that he loses interest in his tripos, goes in for literary 
societies and general reading, and ends by taking an 
inferior place in the Class List. Then comes the 
question, what is he to do for a living? But this time 
he is a little more sophisticated and knows that a 
second class in the Classical Tripos does not ensure 
quite ;^50o a year. In fact, he knows now that the only 
thing for which he is qualified is a tutorship or an 
assistant mastership at some small school at a 
probable maximum of ;^ 150 per annum, and it may be 
that he is not suited by nature for managing boys. 
The only alternative is to begin life where men junior 
to him by three years began it on leaving school. 

Now to say all this does not necessarily imply a 
belief that the studies of classics is vain and useless. 
Far from it. It is only intended here to affirm the 

The Choice of a Professioft. 209 

importance of studying classics, or any other subject, 
with a special object in view. Unless a man is pre- 
pared and intends to enter the scholastic profession^ 
or is brilliant enough to gala a fellowship, classics 
alone will be little use to him afterwards ; or at any 
rate the amount he learnt at school would be quite 
sufiicient for ordinary purposes. Many men who are 
up at the University without precisely knowing why, 
or merely because they happened to gain a scholarshipv 
might pass into the Civil Service, Home or Indian r. 
yet, for some reason or other, a great many men 
almost finish their University course without knowing 
what the Givil Service is, or how to set about becoming- 
a candidate for its appointments. Latterly, it is true,, 
the University seem to have awakened to the necessity 
of explaining to those whom it qualifies with Degrees, 
what these Degrees qualify them for, and of helping; 
them to find suitable employment. A rumor, too, hask 
reached the outside world of a long-needed reform in^ 
the curriculum of the Classical Tripos. " Howsoever^, 
these things be," it is still necessary to urge upoa 
classical men to whom teaching is distasteful and who. 
have no chance of a fellowship, the importance o£ 
supplementing classics by some naore marketable 
acquirement, such as, for example, the subjects requisite^ 
for the Civil Service examinations. 

There are some classical men who at the University 
nourish a vague intention of afterwards earning their 
living by literature or journalism. These two things 
also they occasionally imagine to be identical, a 
delusion which again suggests the utter want in our 
secondary schools of any instruction in the science of 
common things, that is, in the meaning of the terms 
and the nature of the transactions of every day life*. 
Undergraduates who are afflicted with the cacoethes. 
scribendi may be warned that there is no possible 
career in literature except for those who can afford to 
wait and work for years without payment. Literature 


jiQ The Choice of a Profession. 

is a good slick, but a bad crutch ; that is, it is a good 
hobby for those who possess means and leisure, but as 
a sole means of livelihood most precarious. To rely on 
it as such without a very distinct and unusual talent 
would be most risky, and a man is probably the best 
judge himself as to whether his ability and character 
warrant his taking this risk. His talent must be 
something more th^n a mere fondness for books and a 
vague impulse to write. There must be also an 
enthusiasm for the actual art of literature in some 
definite form, an enthusiasm strong enough to accept all 
hazard, to attack all obstacles, and to die of starvation, 
if need be, tor its sake. On this matter no writer is 
more valuable for the young literary aspirant than 
^. L. Stevenson. His " Letter to a Young Gentleman," 
contained in the volume "Across the Plains" should 
be laid to heart by anyone who is in doubt as to making 
literature, or any other form of art, his occupation in 
life. As regards journalism, one may say in the first 
place that it is a term of sopnewhat loose application. 
A journalist may be anything from a rural reporter to a 
leader-writer on the "Times," but, whatever may be 
his position between these two poles, his work (as the 
word implies), is essentially ephemeral. There is 
indeed (and this is the cause of the confusion in the 
undergraduate mind between literature and journalism) 
fi certain amount of writing in the modern press which 
Tnay fairly be classed as literature (such as essays, 
sketches, verses or stories, some of which afterwards 
appear in book form), but these are ^lot the work 
of journalists qud journalists, though they may possibly 
be written by journalists in their leisure time. Any-? 
one earning a living exclusively by such contribuions 
would be considered to be engaged in literature, not 
journalism. It is of course possible to combine the 
two, but the point to impress on the mind of an under- 
graduate ambitious to shine in journalism is, that the 
world covers ft multitude of occupations, more or les« 

7%e Choice of a Pro/ession. 2\i 

associated with scissors and paste and strongly 
resembling any other kind of commercial office work, 
which he would probably find very Uncongenial and 
monotonous. It is only rarely and incidentally that 
journalistic work is interesting from ^ literary point of 
view. Leader-writing and reviewing seem indeed to 
offer attractive scope for literary facility, but, to a 
conscientiously artistic mind could there be anything 
more painful after a time than the necessity of pro*- 
ducing a specific amount of copy by a stated time every 
day, at high pressure and on any subject under the sua 
that happens to be engaging public opinion at the 
moment ? And, on the other hand, could any drudgery 
be more complete than that of the reviewer who has to 
wade through (week after week) an immense volume of 
mediocre or worthless fiction ? In the house of 
Journalism there are many mansions, and any knowledge 
.(the tnore the merrier in fact) may sooner or later come 
.in useful, but the Classical Tripos is not by any means 
the best equipment for such a career. If, in the higher 
Walks of journalism, a University degree may sometimes 
prove useful, and though a classical knowledge must at 
all times be a good preparation for any sort of work 
involving literary composition, yet it is probably true 
that a boy going straight from school into a newspaper 
office and qualifying himself by acquiring a little 
superficial information on all sorts of topics, would get 
on better in journalism than one who gave three years 
to taking a 'University degree and cultivating dilettante 
habits of mind. The late G. W. Steevens was, of 
course, a brilliant exception to this rule, but the more 
brilliant the exception, generally speaking, the more 
inexorable is the rule. 

If, then, neither teaching, literature, journalism, nor 
the Civil Service can meet the requirements of the 
graduate seeking employment, whose degree has not 
qualified him for any of the specific professions, as the 
Church, the Law, or Medicine, his case is indeed 

2Vt The Choice of a Profession. 

discouraging and well nigh desperate. He may look 
out for some shadowy and indefinite "secretarial 
appointment," or he may starve for some years as a 
library or museum assistant. He must begin where the 
youth of 16 fresh from the Board School begins, and 
the latter has the advantages of knowing something of 
commercial subjects like shorthand, typewriting, book- 
keeping. One thing, however, the Board Schools 
cannot produce, and that is, a gentleman, and there is 
still a chance, therefore, for the young University man 
to get a place in some higher class office where culture 
and manners count for something. He would have had 
just as good a chance though, probably a better one, 
immediately on leaving school, and it would have been 
infinitely easier for him then to have begun the drudgery 
of office work and to have got the worst of it over by the 
time he reached the age, say, of 22, than after all the 
freedom, leisure and independence of University life, to 
start at the bottom of the ladder as a junior in position 
to those to whom he is senior in age and attainments. 
Infinitely easier would it have been, also, to submit to 
what Hamlet calls the insolence of office and the spurns 
that patient merit of the unworthy takes. Moreover, 
to find any mental satisfaction in commerce, to be able 
to put heart into one's daily task, without which success 
is nowhere possible, it is necessary, not to put too fine a 
point upon it, to cultivate an acquisitive and avaricious 
mind, and to love the mere means by which money is 
made, however dull and sordid these means may be. 
But to the eternal credit of University training (be it 
said), the temple of the great God Mammon is probably 
the very last temple in which a young man fresh from 
College is fitted or would desire to become a worshipper. 

Charles E. Byles. 



|E give as the frontispiece of our present number 
a view of the old Chapel. This is repro- 
duced from an old photograph, picked up, 
with some other views of the College taken 
about 1863, at a recent sale in Cambridge. These 
other views, some of which are very interesting, we 
hope to reproduce in future numbers. 

In our frontispiece it will be observed that we have 
on the right, part of one of the towers of the entrance 
gateway, while on the left we have the Hall shewing 
what is now the lower and smaller oriel window. The 
entrance to the Chapel is to the right of this window. 

Professor Liveing has kindly furnished the following 
description of the entrance : 

The doorway in the photograph of the old Chapel 
did not lead directly into the Chapel but into a sort of 
vestibule, from which there was access to the Chapel, 
the Masters Lodge, and both Combination rooms. 
The doorway was like those at the foot of the staircases 
and had no door to it, so that it was always open. The 
West wall of the Chapel formed one side of the 
vestibule, and the wall of the small Combination room 
formed the opposite side of it. 

Immediately opposite to the doorway was the staircase 
leading to the Lodge. In the West wall of the Chapel 
were, if I remember right, two doors, one near the 

214 The Old ChapcL 

South end and close to the outer doorway, and the 
other near the North end of the wall. Both opened 
into the antechapel. At the far end of the vestibule, 
on the left hand, was a passage leading to the greater 
Combination room, and from the side of this passage 
there was a door into the small Combination room. 
There was no other door into it. 

The window between the lamppost and the Hall 
belonged to the small Combination room, and there 
was another similar window which is partly hidden by 
the lamppost and buttress. 

The oriel above was the window to the Master's 
usual sitting room. It is rebuilt in the new Lodge. 
The window immediately above the doorway was that 
of the Master's bedroom, and the adjoining window 
that of a dressing room. The small windows on the 
second floor were those of rooms in the roof. When 
the Master came down his stairs into the vestibule he 
could enter the Chapel at once through the door at the 
North end of the West wall of the antechapel. Coming 
from the Court we entered by the door nearest to the 


[We here give a few more of the late Mr Butler's skits, sent 
to us by Canon McCormick. The first appeared in The Timet 
of 27 June 1902]. 


|IR, — ^The friends of Mr Samuel Butler must 
have read your biographical sketch of him 
with deep interest. He certainly was no 
common man. He was too versatile a genius 
ever to be in the front rank of one particular line, and 
he had too much fun about him to be really serious 
when he ought to have been so. No one hated shama 
when he thought he detected them more than he did ; 
and he could not restrain his ridicule and biting 
sarcasm when an opportunity presented itself of using 
them. At one time he was a musician ; at another an 
artist ; at a third he was almost a theologian — at least 
he took upon himself to criticize what he imagined was 
theologfy. For about two years he read for mathe- 
matical honours, and then, according to his tendency, 
he turned his attention to classics ; and such was his 
ability, and so valuable was his Shrewsbury training, 
that he came out first class in the Classical Tripos. I 
have in my possession some of the skits with which he 
amused himself and some of his personal friends. 
Perhaps the skit professed to be a translation from 
Thucydides, inimitable in its way, applied to Johnians 
in their successes or defeats on the river, or it was 
" the Prospectus of the great Split Society," attacking 
those who wished to form narrow and domineering 
parties in the college, or it was a very striking poem on 
Napoleon in St Helena, or it was a play dealing with 

2 1 6 Samuel Butkp^ 

a visit to the Paris Exhibition, which he sent to Punchy 
and which, strange to say, the editor never inserted, or 
it was an examination paper set to a gyp of a most 
amusing and clever character. 

Not very long ago I asked him if he had kept copies of 
these racy and witty effusions, but he replied, to my 
great regret, that he had not done so. 

I can, I think, produce one specimen. The senior 
dean of the college was not very popular, and on a 
Saturday night he was not only screwed into his room^ 
but by aid of oil and flannel the heads of the screws 
were filed off. In the morning the dean was on one 
side of his door and his bed-maker on the other ; and 
as it was Sunday a considerable time elapsed before a 
carpenter could be found. The dean consequently was 
late for chapel. "Sam," as we called him, had a 
suitable theme and opportunity not to be lost, so he 
wrote : — 

'* Williams ! I like thee, amiable divine I 
No milk and water character is thine. 
A lay more lovely should thy worth attend 
Than my poor muse, alas I hath power to lend. 
Shall I describe thee as thou late didst sit, 
The gater gated, and the biter bit ? 
When impious hands at the dead hour of night 
Forbade the way and made the barriers tight. 
Next morn I heard their impious voices sing. 
All up the stairs their blasphemies did ring. 
• Come forth, O Williams, wherefore thus supine 
Remain within thy chambers after nine I 
Come forth 1 suffer thyself to be admired, 
And blush not so, coy dean, to be desired.' 
The captive Churchman chafes with empty rage 
Till some knight errant free him from his cage. 
Pale fear and anger sit upon yon face 
Erst full of love and piety and grace. 
But not pale fear nor anger will undo 
The iron might of gimlet and of screw. 
Grin at the window, Williams, all is vain ; 
The carpenter will come and let thee out again.'* 

Samuel Duth'r. i i ^ 

The junior dean was another type of man, who, when 
he reprimanded, was very tender and sympathetic. He 
inddntified himself with the culprit to some extent* 
•* Sam " describes his method of procedure i-^ 
"Contrast with him the countenance serene 

And sweet remonstrance of the junior dean ; 

The plural number and the accents mild 

The language of a parent to a child. 

With plaintive voice the worthy man doth statcj 

We've not been very regular of late. 

It should more carefully its chapels keep, 

And not make noises to disturb our sleep, 

By having suppers and at early hours 

Raising its lungs unto their utmost powers; 

We'll put it, if it makes a noise again, 

On gatesy patsems at the hour of ten ; 

New leafy peafy it will turn Tm sure, 

And never vex its own dear Sharpey more.** 
Samuel Butler, I fancy, lived too much dloricj. ti^ 
had no corrective influence. He went his own way^ 
which was a bit eccentric, according to his own sweet 
will. We must not altogether judge him as we would 
other men. But, say the best or the worst of him, I am 
myself satisfied that he was far better than what might 
be called his dreed, and coupled with unique intellectual 
powers, there was childlike simplicity and a heart full 
of the warmest and most constant affection for his 
friends. Yours truly, 

Joseph RCcCormick. 
St James's llectory, Piccadilly, June 20. 

SC?ENE t. 
The tuio Deans conversing be/ore Sunday Morning Chapet^ 
junior Dean : 

Brother, I am much pleased with Samuel Butler, 
I have observed him mightily of late, 
Methinks that in his melancholy gait 
And air subdued, whene'er he meeteth me 
Lurks something more than in most other meti. 

2i8 Samuel Butler. 

Senior Dean< 

It is a good young man — I do bethink me 
That once I walked behind him in the cloisters. 
He saw me not, but whispered to his fellows 
" Of all tnen who do dwell beneath the moon 
" I love and reverence most the Senior Dean." 

Junior Dean : 

One thing is passing strange, and yet I know not 
How to condemn it, but in one plain brief word 
He never comes to Sunday morning Chapel. 
Methinks he teacheth in some Sunday School 
Feeding some poor and starveling intellect 
With wholesome knowledge; or on the Sabbath 

He loves the country, and the neighbouring spire 
Of Madingley or Coton, or perchance 
Amid some humble poor he spends the day 
Conversing with them, learning all their cares 
Comforting them, and easing them in sickness. 
Oh 'tis a rare young man ! 

Senior Dean : 

I will advance him to some public post 
He shall be Chapel Clerk, some day a Fellow 
Some day perhaps a Dean, but as thou say'st 
He is indeed an excellent young man. 

Exeunt to Chapel. 


Two Deans conversing on their road to Chapel. 
Sudden appearance of Butler without a coat, or 
anything on his head, rushing through the cloister 
bearing a cyder cup, a bottle of cyder, lemons and two 
nutmegs, half a pound of sugar and a nutmeg grater. 
Curtain falls on the confusion of Butler and the horror- 
stricken dismay of the two Deans. 

Rev. William Spicbr Wood D.D. 

The subject of Ihe following sketch was born on the 
14th of June, 1818, at WakefieW, Yorkshire. His father was 
Joshua Wood, his mother Nancy Spicer, both of Wakefield. 
The two families have been traced back for at least 200 ytars, 
the family of Spicer being at one time considerable land 
owners in the neighbourhood of Hull, and both were connected 
by marriage with several^ of the county families of Yorkshire,^ 
though themselves belpnging chiefly to. the^ mercantile pro- 
fession. Their monuments are to be found in Wakefield 
church and churchyard. Thp Woods seem once to have been, 
wealthy, but the wealth did not descend to Joshua Wood, who, 
although a man of r^e ajbilities and a large collector of books, 
(a tendency which he passed down), was comparatively poor. 
Brouglit up to be a lawyer, he eventually became a^ dyer. His. 
three sons, however, were all in Holy Orders, the second, John 
Spicer Wood, D.D., becoming Fellow, Tutor and President of 
St John's College, and finally holding the College living of. 
Marsion Mortaine, and th^ youngest Joshua Spicer Wood, after a 
period of labour Iq large northeii^ towijs, emigrating to Australia,, 
where he carried on for many years the work of a wide and 
scattered parish. Of the two daughters, on?, Sarah Spicer 
W^ood, married Joseph Singleton of Bradford and Huddersfield, 
one of the largest timber- merchants in England, and the other,. 
Ann Spicer Wood, resided, unmarried, with her brother the 
President, first in Cambridge and latterly at Marston Rectory.. 
All are now deceased. 

William Spicer Wood was tlie eldest of the family, and was: 
sent as a boy to Wakefield Grammar School, then presided over 
by G. A. Buiterton M.A., a late Fellow of St John's College, 
and among other successes carried off before leaving the 
I^Iorpeth Prize and the Storie Exhibition in 1836. In that 
year, at the age of 18, he went up to St John's College, 
Cambridge, where Crick, Isaacson, and Miller were his tutors.. 

2 20i Obikiii^y. 

Here he had to depend almost entirely upon his own resources^ 
9nd to work hard. But ht spon displayed signal proficiency 
both in Classics and Malhematics, and aft^r gaining the 
Chancellor's Medal w^th a poem on ** Luther" in 1838, and 
the Browne's Medals for C^^eek and Latin epigrams in 1839, he 
took in 1840 one of the highest double degrees ever attained, 
emerging from the Mathematical and Classical Tripo«es as 
•eventh Wrangler and third Classic (bracketted), to which was 
added the liigh honour of being Chancellor's Classiical 
Medallist. Made at once a Fellow of his College, he Resided 
from 1840 to 1846, taking: his M.A. in 1843. Latterly he 
became Junior Dean of St John*s. Meanwhile he read with 
pupils and sometimes took a reading party to Wales or elsewhere. 
In 1844 he was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Kly, and in 
1845 Priest by the Bishop of Hereford. In 1846 he mariied 
Marianne Codd, daughter of George Codd, Esq. of Cottinghani 
G/ange, Recorder of Hull, whose family had b^en associated 
yrith this hnportant town for m^ny generations. Her mother 
was Margaret Walton and was connected with Dr Dykes the 
wellknown composer. In consequence of his marriage he had 
to vacate his Fellowship and look elsewhere for occupatiQn. 

So far as the writer knows, there is no record of his being 
distinguished, while residing at the University, on the river or 
in the cricket-field, though it is possible he may have been on 
the running-path. For to intellectual powers capable of 
illuminating almost any subject touched upon, and a love of 
books, one product of which was an extensive library, he added 
a physical vigour and activity of no mean kind. He was always 
eminent as a walker, and while at College walked from 
Cambridge to London in the day. Indeed walking seems to 
have been his chief and favourite exercise from boyhood, and 
?icver was his enjoyment greater than when he was swinging 
along at a regular four miles an hour at home or abroad, an 
enjoyment not always equally shared by the members of his 
family who accompanied him. 

In 1846, after first competing (so says report) with Dr 
Holden for Uppingham School, and being within an ace of 
success, he accepted the head-mastership of Oakham Grammar 
School, in succession to Dr Doncaster. Oakham and 
Uppingham, Archdeacon Johnson's twin foundations, were too 
ipear together for both to prosper numerically at one time 

Obiluary. 221 

(a fact which has been reckoned with under the more recent 
Governmental system as applied to middle [class schools) ; and 
fame had it that whenever one was up [the other was down. 
The latter was the fate of Oakham during the presidency of 
William Spicer Wood, its numbers never exceeding 100; while 
Uppingham rose to over 300 under the able direction of 
Edward Thring, Dr Holden's successor. The two head 
masters were very different in their methods, both most capable, 
but one an organiser of worldwide fame, the other a profound 
scholar and most stimulating teacher. And if Oakham had to 
yield the palm in numbers, she was proud of almost always 
viihout exception standing first in the joint annual examina- 
tions for scholarships at the University. Her ruler was a strict 
disciplinarian, and indeed was such not only in the school but 
in his own home also, but nevertheless the respect^and love 
and admiration of his pupils went out to him. And it was felt 
to be only a well-merited testimony to his ripe scholarship when 
in 1862 he was presented gratuitously by the University with 
his degree of D.D. For several years he was also curate of 
Brooke, a village two miles away, and memory dwells on many 
a Sunday's walk to that unsophisticated hamlet and church. 

So time passed, and the usual ups and downs of school-life 
went on. The ancient School-buildings were replaced by 
modern ones, and to these again dormitories were added at 
considerable private expense. Successive generations of pupils 
went up to the Universities and many did well as students or 
athletes, and some won fame in after life. Old boys in 
increasing numbers attended the break-up and 'the past and 
present' in the cricket-field, where a pavilion had been erected. 
Sons and daughters grew up. To the grief of the school and 
the neighbourhood his wife died in 1863, as well as his eldest 
son in the first year of his residence at College, and both lie in 
Oakham Cemetery. But three more sons went up to Cambridge, 
one of whom followed closely in his father's st^ps, taking 
honours in four triposes, and attaining a fellowship and a 
College Living. Two entered the clerical, and one the medical 
profession. Of the three daughters one married, and has lately 
lost her husband the Rev M. R. West, of Ullenhall Vicarage and 
Leamingtonit the other two continued at home unmarried with 
their father, and accompanied him in all his subsequent changes 
pf residence and nursed him during his last illness. 

f^2 > OJfituary. 

Towards tihe close, of his headmastersliip, edupational 
changes began to threaten the Schoo], ajid warjied him that it 
was time to, depart.. Ke still continued, however, for a season 
at the wish of the Governors, though ao longer with the same 
ardour as before, until other arrangements could be made, 
and thea retired wfcth. a pension,. Twenty-nin.e years had 
elapsed since he first came, and it was only natural that Mr 
G. Finch, MP. for Rutlandshire, should mark his retirement 
by an eloquent, testimony to th^ general, regret felt by the 
Governing body and indeed by the whole County for the loss 
of one so noted for his talents and learning, and who, as 
headmaster, had successfully steered the School through a 
trying and difficult period of its existcnjce. 

From Oakham School he was, in 1875, on the death of the 
Rev. J. Hindle B.IX, pi;esented by St. John's College to the 
College living of Higham, near Rochester, a spot famous for 
the former residence of the novelist Charles Dickens. It was a. 
relief to quit scholastic work for parochial labours, and he much 
delighted in these, and won the affection both of his parishioners 
and of a large circle of friends.. A little society of old Johnians 
was to be found in the vicinity, and it need hardly be said that 
they often met in social concourse as well as in clerical 
meetings. The site and population of the parish, which 
consists of Upper and Lower Higham, with two churches two 
miles apart, necessitated a curate, but the Vicar never spared 
himself, and with the help af his two daughters and the ladies 
of the parish (one of whom was Mrs Rosher, a married daughter 
of his predecessor), a very complete organization was effected : 
Daily services were held in the Upper Higham Church, a 
surpliced choir introduced, district visitors were appointed, 
the sick were diligently visited, numbers were confirmed, the 
schools attained the highest possible grants, and in the social 
and religious welfare both of the village and of the whole 
district round the deepest interest was always manifested. A 
Vicarage house was erected where there had been none before, 
a church-house was built and bestowed by the Vicar's liberality 
on the Parish, and many additions and improvements including 
new organ-chamber and vestry, reading desks and Litany stool, 
fresco work on wall and carving on pulpit, stained-glass 
windows, font cover, etc. were made to the two Churches. For 
ten years from 1877 to 1887 he was Rural Dean of Gravesend, 

Vlituary. ii^ 

At *]edg:th in 1897, after 22 years happily spent in his 
benefice, be felt the need of rest, and resigned, taking with him 
many and costly testimonials to the respect and affection he 
had inspired in rich and poot alike. His declining yeats were 
passed in Weston, a suburb of Bath, but thie infirmities of age 
soon began to press upon him, and for many months before his 
death the feebleness and dependence upon others* help of one 
who had once been so active and vigorous were sad to see. 
Nurses had to be procured for him. The keen> clear intellectp 
with many an occasional flash, gradually grew clouded, and 
towards the end he had difficulty in recognising his own family. 
So long as he could he attended Upper Weston Church, euid 
long had a place in its ministrations and its prayers. Then 
came the end on September jrd^ 1902, and quietly and peace^. 
fully he passed away. By his own wish he was buried beside 
his wife in Oakham Cemetery, followed by all the members of 
his family, and by several of his old pupils : while the Funeral 
Service at the Chutch and in the Cemetery was taken conjointly 
by one of his successors at the School and one of his curates at 
Highamt. He had seen the beautiful Church at Oakham 
restored> the Cemetery constructed, the School renovated, and 
each now contributed its share towards the passing scene of one 
who for his sterling qualities of justice, uprightness, and 
generosity, no less than for his intellectual acquirements, will 
ever have a place in the reverence and esteem of all who 
knew him. 

W. S. W. 

Rev Hemry Scaddinq D.D. 

Through the death at Toronto on the 6th May 1901 of the 
Rev Henry Scadding at the age of 88 a picturesque figure in 
Canadian life has passed away. It used to be said of him 
that he was so closely associated with Toronto that the mention 
of the man or the place involuntarily brought the other to 
mind, just as Dick Whittington seems naturally to be Lord 
Mayor of London. Dr Scadding practically spent the whole of 
his long life in Toronto and saw it grow from an unimportant 
colonial settlement to the great city of the West of Canada. 
Not only the man himself but those who were associated with 
bis early life take us back into a remote past. 

2 24 Oh Hilary. 

Henry Scadding was the son of {John Scadding:, and was 
born at Dunkeswell in Devonshire, 29 July 181 3 [The College 
Register gives Honiton as his birth-place. Dunkeswell is near 
Honiton]. Mr John Scadding was factor, or estate agent, 
to Lieutenant General John Graves Simcoe of Wolford Lodge, 
near Honiton. General Simcoe was the first Governor General 
of Upper Canada, and Commander in Chief of the Western 
distiict from 1791 to 1794. He died at Exeter 26 October 1806. 
His only son Francis Gwillim Simcoe, an officer in the English 
army, fell in the breach of Badajos, 6 April 181 2. The father 
of General Simcoe, Captain John Simcoe, R.N., died in the 
expedition against Quebec in 1759. 

Shortly after the birth of his son, Mr John Scadding 
emigrated to Canada, and Henry Scadding joined his (parents 
in 1 82 1. He spent his boyhood among primitive, almost back- 
woods, surroundings. He described his home as : " Lot no. 15, 
first concession from the bay, brolcen frotit in the township of 
York, Upper Canada.'* His early education was received at 
the old district Grammar School, or Upper Canada College. 
He was the head boy of that institution in 1830, the first year 
of its existence. The headmaster of the school at that time 
xVas Dr Thomas Phillips, of Queens* College, Cambridge 
(B.A. 1805). Of him Dr Scadding wrote: "It was from Df 
Phillips we received our first impressions of Cambridge life; 
(>f its outer form, at all events ; of its traditictns ^nd customs ; 
of the Acts and Opponencies in its Schools, and other quaint 
formalities, still in use in our own undergraduate day, but now 
abolished; from him we first heard of Trumpington, and 
St Mary's and the Gogmagogs; of Lady Margaret and the 
cloisters at Queens' ; of the wooden bridge and Erasmus' walk 
in the gardens of that College ; and of many another storied 
object and spot, afterwards very familiar." 

In 1833 Henry Scadding was appointed a 'King's Scholar' 
entitling him to a course at an English University. Mrs 
Simcoe, the widow of General Simcoe, hearing of this and of 
the lad's promise, also assisted in defraying the expenses of his 
career at Cambridge. Mrs Simcoe, while intending to shew 
honour to the integrity and capacity of Mr John Scadding, 
hoped that thereby some benefit might accrue to the colony, 
and there was a tacit understanding that Henry Scadding 
should return to Canada and make himself useful there 

Vhiuary. iaj 

(Ilodgins, Dacumeniary History of the Educalion Departrmni of 
Upper Canada, Vol. i : chap. 2). Henry Scadding accordingly 
entered as a sizar at St John's 4 July 1833. 

He took his degree as a Senior optime in the Mathematical 
Tripos of 1837. Returning to Canada he was ordained by the 
Bishop of Quebec, Deacon in 1837, Priest in 1838. He became 
a Classical master in Upper Canada College in 1838, a post he 
held till 1862. Hosts of his old pupils speak with pride and 
love of his constant efforts on their behalf* He was also 
incumbent of Holy Trinity Church, Toronto, from 1847 ^^ '^TS* 
In 1876 he was appointed a Canon of Toronto and became a 
resident Canon in 1891. Throughout his long life he was a 
diligent student of local history. His chief work : Toronto of 
Old: Collections and Recollections illustrative of tht early settlement 
land social life of the Capital of Ontafio (Toronto, 1 873) is a mine 
of material relating to colonial life. He wrote much for the 
Canadian papers and magazines. Many of his articles were 
reprinted in pamphlet form. In 1893 he presented to the 
College Library a volume containing some twenty-six of these 
little pamphlets. In one of these— Canada in Sculpture — he 
describes the statue of King George II which stood in the 
Senate House, and how he accidentally discovered that the 
*]globe on the pillar by the King was inscribed Canada, 

In the year 1851 while on a visit to England he received the 
degree of D.D. from the University of Cambridge, and on the 
23rd May 1867 he was admitted to the same degree at Oxford 
Comitatis Causa, In j8£o the Governor General of Canada 
awarded him the "Confederation Medal/' 

Rev Canon Thomas Adams M.A., D.C.L. 

We announce with regret the death on last Christmas day, 
■at Almeley Vicarage in Herefordshire, of the Rev Thomas 
Adams, sometime Principal of the University of Bishop's 
College, Lennoxville, in the Province of Quebec, Canada. 

Canon Adams was a nephew of the late Professor John 
Couch Adams and son of the late Rev Thomas Adams, a 
Wesleyan missionary to the Friendly Islands. Mr Adams, 
senior, spent a year in Paramatta on his way to the Friendly 
Islands, and his son was born at Paramatta in New South Wales, 
14 September 1847. His childhood was spent in the Friendly 

22^ Ohiiuary. 

Islands, of which he retained vivid memories. In the sprins^ of 
1857 young Adams returned to his mother's relations in 
England. He received his early education at the Weslevaa 
Collegiate Institution (now Qaeen's College), Taunton, under 
Mr Thomas Sibly M.A. He passed the matriculation 
examination of London University in June 1864 at the top of 
the list and was awarded the Earhibition of /'so* After some 
years* study under Professor De Morgan and others at Universitjr 
College, London he took a B.A. degtee at the Universitjr 
of London in 1867. For a short time he was engaged o» 
the Geological Survey. He entered St John's 8 October 1869 
with an Exhibition for mathematics, under Dr Bonney as hit 
Tutor.. He took his degree at Cambridge as 19th wrangler ia 
the Mathematical Tripos of 1 873. In that year he went as a 
mathematical master to the Royal Grammar School at Lancaster^ 
taking also some teaching in Geology. He was ordained 
Peacon by the Archbishop of York on 25 July 1874, and ia 
that year was appointed senior mathematical master in St 
Peter*s School, York. He had a boarding house and acted as 
chaplain to the School and also as curate to the Church of 
St Michael -le-Belfry. On 27 July 1878 he married at Church 
Stretton, Salop, Annie Stanley Barnes of Spring Bank, Church 
Strelton, sister in law of the Rev* H. M. Stephenson, Head<^ 
roaster of St Peter's School. 

In 1881 he acted as one of the two local secretaries for the 
Jubilee meeting of the British Association at York. In 1883 
he became Headmaster of the High School at Gateshead. In 
the autumn of that year he went to Canada to the meeting of 
the British Association at Montreal. In September 1885 he 
was appointed Principal of the University of Bishop's College 
in Lennoxville, and also Rector of Bishop's College School. 

In 1886 the University of Bishop's College conferred on him 
the honorary degree of D.C.L. Incidentally it may be remarked 
that during his term of office the degree of D.C.L. was con- 
ferred by that University on the Marquis of Lansdowne and the 
Earl of Aberdeen. 

At Lennoxville he did much valuable work, raising the 
numbers and influence of the School and University and 
increasing the efficiency of the various departments imder his 
charge. His services were recognised by an honorary canonrjr 
in Quebec Cathedral conferred on him in 1897. Through a 

Obituary I i7f 

disastroos fire a large part of the University and' School' 
buildings at Lennoxville were destroyed. The loss was only 
partially covered- by insurance^ and Canon Adams threw 
himself with vigour and' earnestness into the work of obtaining 
funds for the rebuilding. In this he was successful, but at 
great cost to himself, for on 30 August 1^9 9 he >vas struck 
down by paralysis. From this he only partially recovered* 
He returned to England in 1^99 and' settled- down at Paignton- 
in Devon. But his health and strength were broken and he' 
died at the home of his youngest sister. He was buried at 
Almeley on December 30.. 

He leaves a widow and two children : a boy Thomas Lennox- 
Theodore, born 22 October 1S85, now at Bishop's College 
School in Canada, and a daughter Grace Stanley May, bora, 
J- July 189O4 now in England.. 

Bay Jam^s John Christie M.A. 

The Rev James John Christie, who died at Kirk Fentom 
Vicarage on the 24th December last, was son of Mr James. 
Chiislie and was born at St. Heliers, Jersey in 1831. He was. 
fbr many years Vicar of Pontefract and was collated by the 
Archbishop of York to Kirk Fenton in 1899. We take the 
following account of his life from Thi ICorkshire Post of< 
x6 December 1,902., 

A striking personality in the Church life of Yorkshire id 
removed with the death of Mr Christie. The last three and a^ 
half years of his life were passed in the seclusion of a country^ 
parish, where he had few opportunities, for the exercise of the 
abundant energy that characterised' his^work of Pontefract. It 
was with this historic tpwn that be was associated for 22 of the 
4/6 years of his clerical career, and it will be long before his, 
influence upon the ecclesiastical, public,, and social life of that 
part of the West Riding is forgotten^ 

Two personal qualities above all' others combined* to create 
^nd strengthen that influence — a restless activity and an 
over-flowing good nature. His labours were not confined to the 
<^hurch. There was hardly a public institution in Pontefract— 
educational, literary, social, or benevolent — with which he was. 
Qpt closeljr identified. And if he worked with zeal he alscb 

M'orked wiih a cheeriness that lightened his labour. Illit. 
infectious bonhomie showed itself in every action and every 
word. Endowed with a strong sense of humour he could tell 
a good story with the best, and, unlike some raconteurs, could 
appreciate one too, and he dearly loved a |oke, even if it were at 
his own expense. Anyone who knew the man can well imagine 
that when, during the great agitation over the tithe questioa. 
some years ago, a section of the disaffected ones burnt his 
effigy, DO one enjoyed the joke more than the subject of it 

That agitation was very bitter while it lasted^ Mr Christie's^ 
predecessor in the vicariate of Pontefract, Dr Bissett, bad 
sufficient private means to enable him to forego the corn-reni 
charges. But Mr Christie felt it ta be his duty, in the interests* 
of his successors as much as in his awn, to see that the rights 
were not allowed to lapse altogether. Ii> some quarters hi& 
claim was resisted. The legality of the claim was tested in the 
County Court ; judgment was given for the Vicar. The case 
was carried to the Appeal Court ; and there again Mr Christie 
gained the day, Demonstrations — and the effigy— kept the 
agitation flickering for a lime» but it eveAtually died out and 
was forgotten * 

One of the first schemes to which Mr Christie turned his 
attention on his appointment to Pontefract in 1878, and which 
he soon realised, was the erection of a vicarage. Later he was 
the means of extensive and much-needed repairs being made 
to the church. For this object he organised a bazaar. This 
was while the tithe agitation was at its height, and candid 
friends prophesied the failure of the bazaar. His idea was to 
obtain /'soo* /^920 was raised. Other improvements in the 
church have since been carried out, including the erection of 
a fine organ and a Lady ChapeU For many years Mr Christie 
was Rural Dean of Pontefract. 

The resuscitation of the Grammar School some years ago 
was largely due to the efforts of the Vicar, in conjunction with 
a few other leading townspeople. As Vice-Chairman of the 
Governors he worked hard for the school, whose success has 
fully justified its revival. Mr Christie, too, could claim the 
principal share of the credit for the provision of a new girls' 
school in Northgale, for which he collected close upon /^2,ooo» 
He was also on the Yoik Diocesan Education Committee and 
the committee of the York Training College* 

Obituary^ 22^ 

. His ii^erest in education first turned his attention to a. 
scholastic career. Graduating in 1855 at Cambridge-=rlie tool^ 
his M.A. degree three years Igite? — he was foj about two years^ 
Lecturer vtx Mathematics at the Highhury Trai^i^g College^ 
being for a portion of the time curate at Highbury. Curacies. 
at Waterford, ii\ Hertfordshire, and at Lound. in, Nollir.gham-. 
^hire, were followed by his appoi^tmeftt to the Headmastcrship, 
of the Roiherham Grg,mmar School in 1865, and it was whilo- 
he held this position tliat, thirteen years later, Ixe was preferred 
to Pontefract. 

Mr Christie's association with the Volunteer-movement dateSt 
a long way back. For over twenty years he was chaplain of the- 
2nd V.B. York and Lancaster Regiment, and a few years ago 
became Brigade chaplain. He also served in a similar capacity 
in connection with the 5tst and 6sth Regimental Districts.. 
His great good humour and souQd con\mon sen^c made him 
extremely popular with officers as w^ll as men. 

When, three and a half years ago, Mr Christie accepted the^ 
Archbishop of Yojk's offer of the living of Church Fenton, he 
took with him to his |iew sphere of labour not only the good 
wishes of his old parishioners, but substantial tokens of their 

Henry Joseph Gough. 

We record with regret the death, at Woodbridge, on the 
7 January 1903 of Mr H. J. Gough, Foundation Scholar of the 

Mr Gough, who was born at Woodbridge 25 February 1885^ 
was a son of Mr George Gough of Clensmore House, Wood- 
bridge. After tuition at home in early life he entered Wood- 
bridge School in May 1893. ^^ showed great promise, and in 
July 1895 was awarded the Seckford Scholarship of £\^ a year 
for four years. 

In June 1900 he passed the Matriculation Examination of 
the University of London in the First Division, and in August 
of that year was awarded the School Exhibition of £10 a year 
for three years, and also obtained the McMaster Gold Medal. 
In 1901 he again was awarded this medal, and in the autumn 
passed the Oxford and Cambridge Higher Certificate Exami* 
tiation, with distinction in Mathematics. 

jt^yy Obi/nary. 

In December igai he gained a Foundation Stholarsliip foi: 
Mathematics at St John's, and commenced residence in 
October 1902. 

Having gained the highest honours open to him during his 
9chool life, his friends naturally looked forward to a distinguished* 
University career. Unfortunately he caught a chill towards the 
end of the year, and passed away after a few days* illness. Mr- 
Gough was of a bright and genial disposition, he was popular- 
in his school, and though his residence among us was short, 
he had in that brief period led those who met him to form a< 
high estimate of bis mental powers and* moral character.. 

Clakekce Esmb' Sxuarx M.A^ 

A link with our own past and with the national past yrzs. 
snapt on January 8th by the death of Mr ClareBce Esm6: 
Stuart at Addjngton House, Reading. Mr Stuart was the 
tiiird son of Mr Wiliiam Stuart of Tempsford Hall Beds and: 
Aldenham Abbey Herts, and the grandson of William Stuart 
Archbishop of Armagh iSoo-iSzz-, bolh of whom were- 
members of this College, the latter taking his M.A. degree in 
1774, and the former in 1820, Mr Charles Pole Stuart,* aiv 
elder brother (by one year), was also a member of this College, 
and took his B.A. degree in 1848, Clarence Esm6 Stuart taking, 
the same degree in 1849. Both took their M.A. degree in 1852. 
Among their contemporar4es were Dr Jessopp, Professor Mayo r,^ 
Mr Mason, Professor Livekig, and Dr Joseph Mayors 

Mr Stuart's family motto is avi/o virei honore\ and few 
commoners, or peers, have had* a mor>e distinguished and a« 
more interesting ancestry* 

I. His grandfather, the Archbishop of Armagh, was Ihe- 
fifth son of John, third earl of Bute,! the unpopular eleven* 
months'" prime minister of the early days of George HI (1762-3)1^ 
who brought the Seven Years' War to a close. Through him 
Mr Stuart was fifteenth in descent from Robert II, the first. 
Stuart king of Scotland (1371-1390). Sir James Stuart, eighth. 

• JScgU, xix 499. 

t Bute's name has been mentioned a good deal of late, German. 
^njjlophobia being traced to his supposed •desertion* of Frederick the- 
Great. See George Peel^s book 'The enemies of England* s^nd S^ctatc^- 
Jan. 31, 1903. 

Obiiuarf. ijt 

in descent, had fcndered devoted service to Chatles 1 in the 
Great Rebellion, and upon his grandson the title of Earl of 
Bute Tvas conferred at the Restoration. Mr Stuart's father, as 
probably also his grandfather, obtained his M.A. degree after 
»ine (seven full) terms as being of royal descent {qui Reg. Map 
<onsang, aitingit. See Graduati^ 1^23). 

2. The Earl of Bute married Mary, daughter of Lady Maify 
Wortley Montagu, the friend and afterwards enemy of Alexander 
Pope. Her husband, Edward Wortley Montagu, was 
ambassador to the Porte in 1716-17. During her stay in the 
east she had observed the practice of 'ingrafting* for small-pox 
(see her letter of April i, 1717). She had her only son 
inoculated,* and on her return to England in 1722! her daughter 
Mary also, the latter being the first person so treated in western 
Europe. Lady Mary was denounced as an unnatural mother, 
but her example was followed by the then Princess of Wales, 
who in the same year had two of her children inoculated 
(Baron's Life of Jtnner^ i 230); and she was furthermore con- 
gratulated by Swift on *the godlike delight of saving many 
British lives,' — he might have added that of preserving the good 
looks of many fair British faces also. Lady Mary had herself 
suffered from small-pox, which * deprived her of her very fine 
eyelashes and impaired het beauty.' A like mishap had 
befallen Charles IPs innamorata, la belle Stuart, wife of the 
sixth Duke of Lennox: after which, however, we are told, *the 
King's attentions were no less assiduous than before' [Diet. 
Nat, Biogr.) 

3. Bute's fifth son, the future Archbishop, grandfather of 
C. E. Stuart, married Sophia Margaret Juliana, daughter of 
Thomas Penn of Stoke Pogis (1702- 1755), second son of 
William Penn the Quaker (1644-1718), to whom in i68r, in 
payment of a crown debt of / 16,000 due to Penn's father, 
William Penn the admiral, Chailcs II made over a tract of 

• At Perain 1718. 

t In the same year " a learned divine of the Church of England (IMassey), 
•who preached a sermon against small-pox inoculation, in London, 1722, 
announced it as no new art, inasmuch as Job, he asserted, had been inoculated 
by the devil. Ehrmann (of Frankfort) took rather a bolder flight, and 
attempted to prove from quotations of the prophetical parts of scripture and 
the writings of the' fathers of the Church, that the Vaccine was noll»ing less 
than Antichiist" (Baron, i, 452). 

23^ OUiuary. 

country to the west of the Delaware river, henceforth known as 
Pennsylvania. A grandson of Richard Penn (third son of the 
great William Penn), also named William Penn (1776- 1845), 
became a member of this College but never took his degree. 
He was the author at seventeen years of age of Vtndida Britannkit 
(1794), directed against Gilbert Wakefield's Spirii of Christianity 
(Did. Nai, BiogrJ. 

4. William Stuart, the father of C. E. Stuart, married 
Heniietla Maria, daughter of Charles Morice Pole who in 1801 
relieved Nelson in the command of the Baltic fleet. He was 
in that year created Baronet. He afterwards served at Cadiz 
and in the Trafalgar promotions of November 9th 1805 was 
made admiral. He had been a midshipman, or at any rate on 
the same ship, with the Duke of Clarence, afterwards William IV ; 
and when the latter became King in 1830 he was made Master 
of the Robes and Admiral of the Fleet. Sir Reginald Pole- 
Carew, who commanded the ninth Brigade at the Moddet 
River, is the great-grandson of the Admiral's elder brother, 
Reginald Pole. 

5. The name of Esm6* was derived from Esm6 Stuart 
(1540 P-I583), Seigneur d'Aubigny in France, who in 1579 
came over to Scotland and became the first of the many 
favourites of James VI of Scotland, afterwards James I of 
England, then fourteen years of age. He was one of the 
leaders of the French parly in Scotland. The young King» 
already a keen theologian, won him over to at least a profession 
of Protestantism. Through him, in a great measure, Morton 
was brought to the block, but he was soon afterwards forced to 
retire to France. Dying there in 1583 he directed that his 
heart should be sent to his royal master (Tytler viii 166). £sm6 
Stuart had been created Duke of Lennox. This title, and also 
that of Duke of Richmond, expired with Charles sixth 
Duke of Lennox and third of Richmond in 1672. Both titles 

• £sm^ = asttmatuSf as Honoi6 = konoratus, Esmt^ in old French as 
estimer. See SIceal's Etymological Dictionary under aim, A wellknown lady- 
noyelist has taken £sm6 Stuart as a nom de flume. She told a relative of 
mine that thinking the name a pretty one, and not knowing that there wai 
a living author to whom it belonged of right, she had made up her mind, if 
ever she wrote, to write under it. Her books (I am told) got mixed up in the 
Museum catalogue \vi(h those of Mr C. £. Stuait, who was Ihcrcupoo 
suppo&ed by ^ome to have taken to fiction* 

Ohituary. 2J3 

then reverted to Charles II as nearest heir male; and were 
bestowed by him on his son by the Duchess of Portsmouth, on 
vhom Louis XIV afterwards bestowed the title of Seigneur 
d'Aubigny. From that son the present Duke of Richmond ia 

EBm6 Stuart was first cousin to Darnley, the murdered 
husband of Mary Queeti of Scots, a ciime to which Morton was 
believed to have at least consented. Darnley and EBm6 
Stuart are described as 'cousins' of the King, * being probably 
descended from a family which btanched off from the old 
Stewart stock before it became royal' (Burton iv, 260). 
Whether there was any other than a collateral connexion 
between this line and that from which Clarence Esm6 Stuart 
was descended docs not appear from the ordinary works of 
reference. Three of the six Dukes of Lennox had borne the 
name of EsmL 

To return to the Jdhnian Stuarts, — some account of the 
Archbishop of Armagh, grandfather to C. E. Stuart, will be 
found in Professor Mayor's Baker {ii, 731). To the authorities 
there mentioned may be added Jesse's Memoirs of George III 
(ii, 230)* In a letter to William Stuart dated Dec. 29, 1799 
George III expresses his cordial satisfaction at 'the five 
Sermons you preached during Your Residence' and assures 
him that ' I shall feel myself most happy when I shall judge it 
the proper opportunity to advance You to a more lucrative 
Bishoprick ' (William Stuart was then Bishop of St David's). In 
a letter of Jan. ist, 1800, addressed to the Bishop of Worcester, 
after speaking of 'the entering on a New Century* (surely a 
royal mibtake), the King recurs to the five sermons and adds 2 
" I have pressed him to collect the matter for them, with such 
farther explanations as a treatise in support of our Holy Religion 
might require, and then publish what may be useful to others as 
well as highly creditable to himself. Young Bishops ought to 
viite that their tallents may be known." Mr C. E. Stuart used to 
relate that his grandfather, having once preached before 
George III and having been informed by an ofiicial that he 
would be called upon to publish his sermon, at once tore it up 
and put it in the fire. However, notwithstanding Mr Stuart*s 
unwillingness to publish, on July 13 the King wrote to Lady 
Charlotte Finch, requesting her "apprize the Bishop (of 
St David's) of my earnest wish to place him (in the sec of 

^34 Obiiuafy, 

Armagh) where He can be of such use. and that in point of 
Emolument it is infinitely more lucrative than is in general 
supposed; I know that will not actuate him, but, at the 
same time, with an increasing family, it ought not to be dis- 
regarded *' (surely we are still in the eighteenth century). On 
July 18 the King seeks to overcome the Bishop's reluctance to 
translation by the assurance that " though the Irish climate is 
damp, it is uncommonly mild and consequently not void of 
merit.*' Only (it is said) in submission to a royal command did 
William Stuart submit to be made Primate of Ireland. The 
writer of the notice of William Stuart in the Diet, Nat. Biogr, 
remarks that ' of his individuality nothing further is known than 
the dates of his promotions.' An interesting ' passage' in his 
life, however, shews that the future Archbishop possessed 
both resolution, energy, and benevolence. " During the long 
•*time that he was only Vicar of Luton in Bedfordshire," writes 
•* Lady* Louisa Stuart in Introductory Anecdotes to Letters and 
•• Worlis of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (Bohn, 1861, i 91), 
"a malignant small-pox broke out in that neighbourhood, 
*' almost equal, on a smaller scale, to some of the pestilences in 
** history. The mortality increased so fast, and the minds of 
** the country people were so distracted with terror, that he, at 
•* length, taking his resolution, offered to have every person who 
*' was still uninfected inoculated at his own expense. 

<* A religious scruple lingered yet among the dissenters, 
*' who were very numerous in that parish and those adjoining; 
** but excessive apprehension overcame it : they, like the rest, 
" crowded to signify their assent, and within a fortnight above 
<* two thousand persons of all ages underwent the operation. 
" Mr Stuart stood alone without coadjutor or adviser: his family 
''who were at a distance, knew nothing of the transaction; 
'* he had only a country practitioner and country nurses to 
''depend upon; add to this, that it was impossible such a 
•'number of patients could all be duly prepared or properly 

* Lady Louisa Stuart was, I believe, the most dislingui&hed in litcratore of 
this distinguished family. She had, however, a feeling against a lady of rank 
publishing. The Introductory Aruedotes and her letters to Sir Waller Scott 
in Lockhart are all that appeared in her lifedme. She was a valued corre- 
spondent of the great novelist who derives suggestions and information firom 
her, e.g. in regard to the Luck of Muncaster, Her letters have been published 
recently (1901), and very interesting they are. She was the Archbishop's 
youngest bister and lived from 1757 to 1851. 

Obiiuary. 335 

■'allcnded to; neither persuasion, entrealies, nor anibority, 
•* could make the poor always observe the directions he gave 
'^them^ and some, whom he would fain have deterred on 
** account of their advanced age or sickl^r habits, would, run the 
"risk in spite of his prohibition. Yet it pleased God to grant 
" him. complete success.. Very few difficult cases occurred, and 
*- only tjiree people died. ... an infirm unhealthy woman, a man 
*' past eighty years old, and an infant wliose mother afterwards 
** confessed she knew it had already caught the disease, which 
•• in her ignorance she supposed inoculation to cure. To crown 
"all, for several succeeding years the smalUpox scarcely 
V reappeared in that district. But when his parishionera were 
"safe, Mr. Stuart himself sink under all that he had' 
•^suffered in body and mind. The exertions daily and nightly 
^- required to supply what was wanted, and overlook what was 
" passing (often at a considerable distance), made hi& fatigues 
"very severe;, but the deep feeling of responsibility, and the 
"anxiety which he had to stifle and keep concealed^ whatever 
*' the effort might cost, were a. thousand times more oppressive. 
*> Many months elapsed. before he recovered his former health^ 
•• and spirits." 

Professor Mayor has quoted from Bosweli's Li/e 0/ Johnson- 
tlie passage which tells how on Thursday, April 10 (1782), 
" I introduced to him at his house in Bolt Court, the Honourable 
••and Reverend William Stuart, son of the Eailf of Bute; a 
"gentleman truly worthy of being- known to Johnson; being 
*-W.ith all the advantages of high birth, learning, travel, and 
''elegant manneris, an exemplary parish priest in every respect." 
The conversation turned on. the tour to the Hebrides which > 
Jphnson and Boswell.had recently taken* The 'advantages' 
of which Boswell speaks would have made any visitor welcome to 
Johnson, and. this visitor was moreover the son of the minister 
who during his brief tenure of power twenty years earlier hadi 
procured for Johnson as ' a very learned and good n^an without 
any certain provision' a royal, pension of 'three hundred] 
pounds a year.* Johnson's scruple about accepting, the pension 
in face of his own definition of pensioner ('a, slave of state- 
hired by a stipend to obey his master '), how he consulted Sir- 
Joshua, how Sir Joshua counselled acceptance, how Johnson 
•accepted, but had to write on November 3 for the first payment 

* Bute ' in the haiidsomcst maQn^r * twice assured Jphnson that the peii^on 
was 'not (iven for anything you are to do, but for what you have done.* 

ajft Ohiiuary^ 

due at Michaelmas, all this is set forth rn Bosweirs deli^hlfal 

James Stuart* the native historian of Armagh (1819), referred 
to but not quoted by Professor Mayor, writes (p. 462): "We 
*' have somewhere seen a well written essay on inoculation with 
•* the signature ' William Stuart,' which we believe to be the 
•* production of the present Primate of all Ireland.*' On p. 463 
he continues : " It cannot be expected that we shall enter into 
<' any minute biographical account of our present Metropolitan. 
** There are, however, a few things which we cannot in common 
'^ justice omit mentioning. — ist. He is a resident Primate who 
" superintends the church committed to his care, with cqnscien- 
*Uious vigilance. His presence in Armagh, and the money 
** which he expends in that neighbourhood, are highly beneficial 
**to the country. — 2nd. He seems anxious to provide for the 
" acting clergy of his own diocese, — 3rd. He has given parishes 
*• to several old curates, who possessed no other interest in the 
*' church, than a certain consciousness in his Grace^s bosofn^ 
" that they merited preferment. — 4th. He has encouraged the 
•* building of comfortable Glebe-houses for his clergy, and the 
<* natural consequence is, that there is scarcely a non-resident 
*' clergyman in his diocese. Indeed his own salutary example 
** has greatly contributed to this effect. — 5th. He has adorned 
*' Armagh with some beautiful public buildings.f 6ih. Daring 
"the late famine, his pecuniary grants to the committee 
•' established in Armagh, for relieving the indigent poor, were 
" munificent. — We shall conclude these brief remarks on the 
^ conduct of this excellent prelate, by observing that so long as 
*' he shall be spared to the church and the people, Non periere 
** mores, jus, decus ^ pittas yfides^ *• I certainly trust He will do credit 
•* to my personal Nomination, and prove a bright Example to the 
'* Irish Bench," the King had written on October 16, 1800 ; and 
the hope seems not to have been belied, 

^k William Stuart, eldest! son of 4he Archbishop^ took his 
M.A. degree, in the manner above described, in 1820. He 
• served his generation ' as a country gentleman, being J. P., D.L., 
and M.P. for Bedfordshire. He compiled Stuariiana or Bubbles 

• The Archbishop's wife was also acquainted with Dr Johnson. She was 
once taken to the Bos hltus club in her girlhood and sat oa his knee. 

t The Chapel of Ease, the Sunday and Daily Schoolj the Market House. 

Obiiuary, *3j 

tlown hy and io seme of the Family of Siuari (privatel/ printed 
*857).* He died in 1874. 

Clarence £sm6 Stuart, the third sos^ of WiUiam Stuart, waa 
born May 29, 1827. The Duke of Clarence was his god-father 
and gave him his first Christian native. Being a healthy child, 
and his mother being much at Kensington^ it came to pass that 
the young Princess Victoria was re-vaccinated from his arm. 
Inoculation with small-pox virus^ never (it seems) very popular) 
forbidden indeed at Oxford in 1774 by the Town and University 
authorities (J. R. Green'-s S/udics in Oxford History^ p.. in), had 
been rapidly superseded (since May 14, 1796, the date — long 
observed in Berlin as a fesLtiva} — of Jenner'st first vaccination) by 
inoculationf with CQw-pox. The Royal Family had from the 
first favoured the new practice. As early as 1798 the Duke of 
Clarence had introduced vaccination into his own family and 
household (Baron i, 495); and now, in 1827 or 28, the Princess 
Victoria, his niece and future successor, was r^-vaccinated froni 
the arm of his old comrade's grandchild, ^^-vaccination seems 
to have been quite recently introduced {Encyal. Brit, xxiv, 29) 
and the Princess may have been one of the earliest to undergo 
it. In gratitude our future Queen sent the little boy a ball. 
The incident was mentioned by Mr Stuart some years ago to a 
relative of mine from whom I learn it. 

Mr Stuart was sent to school at Eton. I^ike his grandfather, 
his father, and his elder brother, he came up to St. John's, 
taking his B.A. degree in 1849 and his M.A. in 1852. In the 
former year he obtained the second Tyrwhitt Scholarship, 
Mr Mason winning the first in 1851. His love of Scripture, he 
said long afterwards, had led him to the study of Hebrew ; and 

* The Rev Stuart O. Ridley, nephew of Mr Stuart, has kindly lent me 
this book. 

t " The King's Reader on Physic, (our own) Sir Isaac Pennington, was a 
▼iolent opposer of vaccination and he put forward his statement (that Dr 
Jenner had — after the discovery of vaccination — inoculated his son with the 
small-pox) with a view to prove that Dr Jenner, though he recommended 
the practice to others was distrustful of it, and had abandoned it in his own 
family *' (Baron's Jenner, ii 43, where the circumstances are explained). Dr 
Kamsden, rector of Grundisburgh, Suffolk, had on May 15, 1803 preached 
before the University of Cambridge against vaccination, printing the above 
statement in a note. On the other hand, the Rev James Plumtre preaclied in 
1805 in defence of vaccination both btfoie the University, and on March 3 at 
flinzton (from Numb, xvi; 48) i^. 

i3& Obiiuapy^ 

tp these studies he remained con3tanl for tlie rest of his 1ife« 
A slight impediment in his speech* hindered his seeking H0I7 
Orders, for which his parents had intended hini. In 1853 he 
married Catherinje, daughter of Colonel Cuninghame^ of Caddell 
a^nd Thornton in Ayrshire^ who died March 10, 190 1. Soon 
after his marriage he settled at Reading, where fbr some time be 
l^usied him3elf as a lay worker in the Church of England. 

From an. early date Mr Stuart was active with his pen« 
Three lengthy pamphlets appeared in rapid succession, llu 
J^ew Tes/am^n/ and t'is. Translalions^ ^855; Tht Bible and ih^ 
Versions of ih^ Bible ^ 1856; Modern Translations of the Vulgate^ 
and the Bible Society^ ^^Sl* These were followed by a fourth 
written jointly with the Rev J. D.. Hale, of St John!s, Richmond* 
Surrey, entitled A Protest against the Circulation of the Papal and 
f,atin Vulgate and ijs Versions by the British and. Foreign Bible 
Society, lliese pamphlets were all directed against the Society's 
practice of circulating Roman Catholic versions of the Bible, 
<,g, De Saci's French Testament, in some cases along with 
Protestant versions.. This plan, i^ was mai^itaiped. by the Society, 
tended to disarm prejudice and opposition in Roman Catholic 
countries and thus facilitated colportage. It was further 
contended that our Lord and t}ie Apostles had freely used a 
confessedly imperfect version of the Old Testament, the LXX. 
This plea, drew from Mr Stuart a fifth pamphlet, The Gfeek 
Septuagintf its. use in the New Testament examined {\%^(^\ wherein 
he maintains that 'quotations were allpwed (by them) from the 
I.XX only when the general sense was the same as the Hebrew.* 
In the first two pamphlets Mr Stuart contrasts ia parallel 
columns the sense of the original with that given by the peccant 
version and points out the Roman error countenanced. 
Throughout he gives proof of scholarship and of considerable 
acquaintance with the modern Latin languages. The third 
pamphlet, addressed to the Rev. Carus Wilson, promises *an 
appeal to the gieat body of subscribers,, as the committee refused 
to alter their practices.* About the same time Dr Tregelles. 
addressed an appeal to tlie Society on the same subject. 

In or about the year i860 Mr Stuart joined the Plymouth- 
Brethren, becoming a member of the community at Reading, 
among whom he lived and worked to the end of his life. His. 
literary works from this time were chiefly expository. They. 

* One of the Brethren, writes : ** he did peach and ipea^ at our 

include Thi Book of Praises (the Psalms), Sketches from the Gospel 
of Mark, From Advent to Advent (on St Luke*s Gospel), Tracings 
from the Gospel of fohn. Tracings from the Acts, An outline of 
PauVs Epistle to the Romans (2nd ed., 1900), The Old Faith or the 
New— -which ? (on the Epistle to the Hebrews), Simple Papers oH 
the Church of God, various theological pamphlets, some of which 
deal with matters of controversy among the Brethren,^.^. Christian 
Standing and Condition (4th ed. 1884), and a multitude of tracts 
and magazine articles. The books were mostly published by 
Marlborough and Co., Old Bailey. He also wrote Textual 
Criticism of the New Testament (Bagster), a work resembling 
Professor Sanday*s Appendices,2i\\d. (in 1 881 ) a critique of Professor 
Robertson Smith's Old Testament in thefewish Church, which ends 
with the remark: "One thing is evident, the book which the 
Professor has studied the least is the one about which he writes, 
the volume of the Old Testament Revelation." Mr Stuart was in 
truth, from the whole cast of his mind and from the school of 
religious thought to which lie belonged, wholly unable to enter 
into the Professor's view that * worship by sacrifice and all that 
belongs to it is no part of the divine Torah to Israel ' and that a 
polytheistic stage may have preceded the historic religion of 
that people. *• With regard to current 'Higher Criticism*," 
writes a friend, ** he was an uncompromising opponent of 
neologian views*" Sacrificial and apocalyptic ideas pervade 
much of Mr Stuart's writing ; but this is, of course, no place for 
any criticism of his views. Besides their wide acceptance 
among his own people, his writings were in some cases very 
favourably noticed by the Record, the Rock, and by vaiious 
Wesleyan organs. Mr Stuart always seems to know what he 
wishes to say, and says it clearly, tersely, and in the manner of 
a scholar. When engaged in controversy he is calm and 
dignified, though at limes severe, as when to an unlearned 
opponent who claims to have looked up and examined certain 
passages 'in a Beroean spirit' he replies *• one presumes the conducted their investigations in a tongue they 
themselves understood" {Christian Standing, vii). His mind 
had deeply and lovingly pondered the themes on which he wrote. 
Thus in the Preface to his From Advent to Advent he says, 
••Just thirty 3'ears ago the writer first discerned it (the view set 
forth in that work) and as he read on in the Gospel day by day, 
it opened up to him as a flower expands under the warmth and 
light of the sun." (p. 7). 

^40 Ohtiuary. 

'He was busy with his pen to tlie end, a work on which he 
\i'as engaged being completed by him during his last illness. 
Mr Stuart is considered by those of his connexion as their best 
Hebrew scholar since Tregelles. His learning, his gifts and 
industry as an author, his social rank, and his fine personal 
qualities, gave him a position of great influence among the 
Brethren. Divisions have not been more lacking among them 
than among other and more important religious bodies. Does 
not Socrates, the Church historian, affirm that but for such 
divisions there would be no subject-matter for Church History 
(vii, 48) ? Temperate and dignified as Mr Stuart was in 
controversy and, as a friend attests, * with a special dislike of 
anything like self advertisement,* he nevertheless was in 1885 
excommunicated on a point of doctrine by the London Darbyite 
meetings, while elsewhere (then or earlier), as a Montreal 
Brother complains, ** some said, I am of J.N.D. ; others, I am 
of W.K. : some said, 1 am of J.B.S. ; others^ I am of C.E,S.** 
{A Hisioty of the Plymouth Brethren^ by W. B. Ncatby, 190I1 

His general position among his own people is thus described 
by Mr E. E. Whitfield, of Oriel College, Oxford, who had known 
and honoured him for thirty years : " he must be classed among 
the discriminating adherents of John Nelson Darby, with all of 
whose characteristic views he was however in unhesitating 
sympathy. He may be regarded as a chief representative of the 
progressive school among the Brethren. .. « His tendency wai 
not to shrink from the logical outcome of any line of doctrine 
on wiiich he had once entered with conviction, and compromise 
he detested/' 

Nearly all the books enumerated above were not very long 
ago presented by Mr Stuart to the College Library. He had 
kept his name on the boards from the time of his residence^ 
Readers of the Eagle (xxii, 41c) need only to be reminded of 
the magnificent gift that marks his attachment to the Colleg<^. 
Mr Mullinger on p. 32 of his History of St John's (1901), 
following Baker-Mayor (i, 1 14), had mentioned the bequest 
to the College by George Day (4th Master, 1537-8) of the 
Complutensian Folyglott of Cardinal Ximenes, adding that the 
work had ' disappeared/ This met Mr Stuart's eye and he wrote 
soon after ofifering to replace the missing treasure from his own 
collection. There were two conditions to the oflfer, viz. that 

the work should be kept in the mahogany case he had had made 
for it, and that some one should be sent to receive it. Would 
lliat all other academic desideraia might be as promptly supplied 
by the simple expedient of making them known ! Accordingly 
(on May i6, 1901) Mr Lockhart, our Library assistant, travelled 
to Reading and received this noble gift at the donof*s hands* 
The fifth volume of the work contains, it will be rememberedi 
the fiifst printed edition of the Greek New Testament (1514% 
though in actual publication Ximenes was outstripped by 
Erasmus (1516). Mr Stuart's gift now stands in its own case in 
a conspicuous position in the Library* There may it remaini 
unlike its predecessor, a icr^/io Iq dil I 

The giver is thus described by Mr Whitfield who had so long 
known him : "he was simple in demeanour with a special grace 
of manner; humble as to his attainments, with special dislike 
of anything savouring of self-advertisement : most generous with 
his means, both in regard of the poor with whom he was 
associated and of the need of fellow'labourers without private 
means." Another friend speaks of his * aristocratic appearance,' 
and his 'gentleness of manner' J says how * happy and absorbed 
he seemed when writing one of his books'. « . '' I have seen him 
sometimes come from his study to the drawing-room with his 
face radiant with delight" .... " His service was a good deal 
among the poor* and afflicted people, ministering to their 
temporal as well as their spiritual needs." 

His gift to ourselves illustrates one pleasing trait. He told 
Mr Lockhart that he had given away many of his books, as he 
liked to have the pleasure of doing so in his lifetime. 

Mr Stuart leaves no issue. 

Cum talis sis uiinam noster esses. With so many gifts and 
graces, with his deeply religious nature and his love for the 
poor, one may be permitted to express the wish that Mf 
Stuart could have remained in the Church of his birth and had 
followed in the steps of his grandfather as a parish -priest, it 
may be as a bishop. 

W. A. C. 

♦ A Brother speaks of * seeing just inside his front door an entire shelf 
devoted to baskets of all sizes, ready to hand at every opportunity to carry 
fruit, jellies, etc., to his much loved poor/ 


142 Ohiuafy, 

The followirrg members of the College have died duritig the 
year 1902 ; the year in brackets is that of the B.A. degree: 

Rev Thomas Adams (1873)1 ^^^ ^5 Becember at Almeley Vicarage {Eagte^ 
Kiv, p. 225). 

Rev Frcdeiick FicM Adeney (1887), son of Edward Adeney.boni at Chelsea, 
.31 August 4864. Educated at St Mark's College, Chelsea. Curate of 
St Andrew-tlie-Les«, CijmhiivlRe, 1887-89; of St John's, Paddington. 
1889-91 : PiiiTcipal*or the Church Missionary Society's Divinity Class at 
Jerusalem, 1891-93; Chuich Mihsionaiy Society's Mis^ionaiy at Cairo, 
1893-1902; Secretary of the Egyptian Mission, 1894-1902. Died at 
Heluuan, Egypt, 27 December, aged 3S. 

Charles Alfied Andrews (iS/B), son of flenry Andrews, sometime Registrar 
of the Public Woiks Departtmetit of the Government of India. Bora at 
Dhuirunitollah, Cidcutta, in 1846. A<1milied a Student of the Inner 
Temple 10 May 1870, called lo the Bar 25 May 18*77. He practised for 
sometime in the High Couit of Calcutta, and also undertook teaching and 
educniiuual work at Agra and Meerut. He became the Principal of Meeiut 
College. He was an instructor of great ability and much culture, and he 
had an old-worhi couitesy about him wliich was veiy beautiful. Died 
24 December at Meeiut. He leaves a widow, a son, and two daughters. 

Rev Thomas Archbeld ^864), son of George Archbold, born 24 January 1835 
at the Mil&teads in the parish of Ancioft, Northumbeiland. Vice-Piin- 
cipal of Culham College, Oxford, 1864 66 ; Curate of Stamfoid-iu-thc- 
Vale, Berks. 1866 69; Headmaster of the Diocesan Middle School at 
Buigh, 1869-75; Principal of the Norwich Tiaining College, 1875-95; 
Rector of Taverham, Koifolk, 1888-92; Rector of Burgate, near Di>5, 
1895-1902. Dietl 13 March. He married in 1866 Jcanetta, younger 
daughter of G. Kemp E»q , of Bath. 

Rev Walter Bii«lgc Arthy (1849), "on of Joseph Arlhy, bom at Chelmsford 
4 March 1822, educated at Chelmsford Grammar School. Curate of 
St Martin, Liverpool, 1852-54; Chaplain R. N. 1854, and Naval In- 
structor 1855. Placed on the Retired List in 1882. Served on H.M.S. 
Imp^timse in the Baltic (Baltic medal); Horatio (Channel); Archer 
(We-t Indies); CVi Aj'^ jo (Pacific) ; Defence (Channel Squadron); Royal 
Alfred^ Flag Ship (N. Ameiica and West Indies); Ganges^ Training 
Ship (Falmouth); Moyal Adelauie^ Flag Ship (Devonpott); Porismoutli 
Division, Royal Maiines, 1876-82. Latteily rebideut at The Holt, 
Alverstoke, Hants. Died iheie 8 August, aged 80. 

Rev James Barton ( t849), son of Samuel Bai ton J. P., Surgeon, of Manchester. 
fSom in Manchester 5 May 1826. Educaiet.1 at Manchester Gramntar 
School. Curate of Burton-on-Tient iS50-52 ; of Bolton 1852-54; of 
Crumpsall, Lancashire, 1854-56. Vicar of Hadley, Salop, 185O-94. 
Latteily lesided at lliomlea, Bellcvne, Shiewsbury ; died theie 21 March. 
Hadley was a new ecclesia*>lical district when Mr Barton went to it. 
During his incumbency he saw the population of hi» parish grow fixiiii 
a few hundreds to 2000. He resigned in 1894 owing to itl-health. In 
1896 tiew Sunday Schools were built at Hadley as a memorial of 
his incumbency there ; his saintly influence was widely felt. Mr Baiton 
mairied Mary, daughter of Mr Benjamin Clegg, of Cbeetbam Hill. 

Rev George Yatman Boddy (1843), ^o\n in Hampshire. Educated at 
St Paul's School, Poitsniouth. Sometime Senior Mathem.itical Master 
at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. Evening Lecturer of 
Eltham, Kent. Vicar of Colegate, Sussex, 1872-90. Latterly resided at 
Elmslie, West Tarring, Woi thing; died there 17 March, aged 85. 

Ohiluary^ 241 

EdwArd Salvin Bowlbv (1854), eldest son of the Rev Edward Bowlby, 
of Little U ford, and West Thui rock,. born, at Wanstead, E!>&ex, 23 Tune 
1330. Educated at Kugby School. His father, who was of jfesus 
College,. B.A. i82£, was sou etime a Lieutenant in the 4th King's Own 
Regiment, and afterwards Rector of West ThurrDck. Mr £. S. Bowlby 
waii admitted a Student of the Inner Temple i November 1854, and was 
called to the Bar 17 November 1857. He died 4 November at Giiston 
Park, Herts. Mr Bowlby married firsit, 1 August i8di,. Maria, yomigest 
daughter oi the late James Rimington Esq, of Broom bead. Hal ),.Yoiks ; 
and, secondly, Elisabeth, .eldest daughter, of. Robert Vaus-Agnew. Esq, 
of Sheuchan and, Bar^i harrow, Aigyle$hire,^aiKl.had is^sue.. Mr Bowlby 
rowed " 4 " in the Fiist Boat in the Lent Races of 1853, and .*« 7 " in the 
Second Boat in the Mjiy Races of 1854. 

Rev. Charles Braddy (184 !)• son of Charles Bsaddy,^ Schoolmaster, of 
Rochester. Assistant Master in the City of London School 1847-97; 
sometime Lecturer of St Magnus, London Bcidge.. Chapliiiu to St Mait 
gaiet and St John's Union, Westminster, 1853-97. Laiteily te&ided 
at Clare Villa, Cheltenham ; died there 9 Fehruary, aged 83. He 
manicd, 4 October 1859, at- S< Martin-in-the- Fields, Sarah, widow 
oCethe late G. Fv Davenport, of Oxford and of Adelaide, South Australia. 

]$.ev Hairy Brown (189 1), sou of Harry Btown, bom at Battersea, Surrey,. 
31 May 1869, Educated at. Tonbridge School. After. some experience 
iu the B.ede Tj-aiuiug College, Durliam, he was ocdaiued bv the Bishop 
of St David's as Chaplain and Tutor to the South AVales Training 
College, Carmarthen, in 1894. ^^ woiked there until his death on 

' May 12. His genial, loveable disposition gained for him very many 
Aiends in Carmarthen, while his high sense of duty, his unaffected good- 
ness, and his ready willingness to help those -who -needed ii had a-maiked. 
influence upon ms pupik, whose affection for him was sincere and. 

Rev John Findlay Buckler (1868), son of the Rev William Buckler M.A^ 
Oxford, born at Ilchester in 1846. Curate oi Wallacy, Cheshire, 1869- 
71.; of Weaverham» Cheshire, 1872-73 ; Assistant Diocesan Inspector lor 
Chester 1873-75. and 1881793. Rector of Bidston, neas Bukeuhead,. 
138X-1902; Surrogate, Diocese of. Chester 1881-1902; Chief Diocesan. 
Inspector for Chester, 1894:1902.. Died 4^ December at Las Palmas, 
"whither he had gone for the benefit of his health. He was the author of 
Short Cotnmintary on the. Proper Lessons for the Greater Holy .Days, 
1&81 \,Shori Cotnmtntaty oii^the Braptr Rsalnu 189 (.. 

Samuel But]er«(i859}, died 18 J[une at Clumber House, 18, St John's Wood. 
Hoad, aged. 60 {Ei^x^e, xxiv, S^). Mr Butler was Bow of the Second. 
Boat in tiie May Term 1855, ^"^ coxed the Firht Boat as Head of the< 
River in the Lent and May Term of 1837;.. He also coxed' the winning, 
pour in thei October. Term 185 j^. 

Byramji Navroji Cama (i 901), died 10 January ab Addenbroobe's Hospital,*. 
Cambridge {Eagle., xxiii, 232). 

Henry Casson (1854)^ eldest son of William Casson, a^SoUcitor, of.ManchesteFr 
and Salloid.; born iu Manchester 15 Match 1830. Educated at Cla|)ham. 
School under the R^v C. Riitchard. Admitted a. Student of the Inner 
I'emple 28 Mny 1853, called to the Bar 30 April 1856^ Among his^ 
father's articled clerks in Manchester had. been Charles Hall, afterwards 
the well known Vice-Chancellor, Sir. Charles Hall. Mr Casson was one 
of the large number of equity lawyers who received their training in the- 
pupil room of Mr Charles Hall. He undertook a great deal of Mr Hall's, 
conveyancing work, and when, in 1873, Mr Hall was raised to the bench, 
and became Vice*Chancellor Sir Charles H.dl, Mr Casson became his. 
sHtceasoritf one.of the six Conveyancing Counsel to the Court of Chaocer}^.^. 

m Ohiiuaryt^ 

lie s^lso became W% siicce^ssor as Conveyancing Counsel lotlie Me(ropoU(%n 
Board of Woiks and as ihe adviser of the £cclesias>tical Commusioneii v\ 
their church building and patronage cases. On the supersession of ihe ol4 
Metropolitan Board of Works Mr Casson became Conveyancing Counsel to 
the Loudon County Council. He was the joint author with tlie late Sir 
Charles Hall of that remaiHaUle piece ot' legi^iition the Vendor and 
purchasers' Act 1874. Mr Cassun died 25 October at his residcQce. 
15, Queen^ Gate PJace, London, ^e married ^r&t, 22 March 1858, 
]«abe(h, daugl)ter of Mr Charles Hall (the future Vice-Cbancellor) ; 
she died 12 M«y iS/j, He marriedi secondly, E^lizabctb Persis Anne, 
only daughter of the Ule Lt.-Col. Percy Scoti, of Newport, ][sle of 

John Whyley Cbell (undcTgraduatc), Trooper ^598 Iiuperial Yeomanry. 
Died at Frankr)k, O.K.C., 25 February, of wounds leceived in action. 

Jl^v James John Cbristie (1855% died 2\ December at Kirk Fen^on Vicarage, 
Leedsi, aged 7t '\Eagle^ xxiv, 227). 

Kev Smith Wild Cbnrchill (1861), son of William Wild Churcbtll, bom at 
SheepsUed, Leicesteishiie, in 1836. ]|&lucated at Christ's Hospital, 
where he was a Grecian, Sir William Browne's medallist for Latin 
]^igiam in 1861, Assistant Master at the King's School, Sherborne, 
l86i-68; Head Master of Alherslone Giammar School 1863-1902; 
Curate of Atherstone 1885- 1 901, Vicar of Mappeiley, Derbyshire, 
1901-2. Died \\ February 190,2, aged 63, 

Rev George petlman Clucas (1849 as G. P. Clailce), son of the Rcy John 
Thomas Claike, born at Kirk Andreas Rectory, I&le of Man, 2 Febiuary 
1827. Educated at King William's College, Isle of Man. Mathematical 
Ma!»ter at Repton School i85?-83. Died M his residence at Reptou 
19 December, aged 75. 

Hev Cornelius Hargreaye Crooke (1850), sod of Samuel Crooke, of ShackweH 
Gieen, Stoke Newington, born at Stoke Newinglon 9 September 1827. 
Curate of Milton, Berks, 1852-54; of Challow, Berks, 1854-56; Head 
Master of Wantage Grammar School, Beiks, ^854-57; Chaplain of 
Callington School, Cornwall, 1867-70; Head Master of Plympton Giam- 
mar School 1871-76; Chaplain of Plympton St Mary Union 1871-76; 
Curate- in- Charge of Membury, Devon, 1876-78 ; of Sutton, Lincolnshire, 
1878-79; Vicar of Sheepstor, near Horrabridge, Devon, 1879-1902. 
Died 17 Apiil at St Barnabas Home, llaht Gi instead, Surrey. At 
Wantage he was intimately associated with the late Dean Butler and his 
fctafF, when Wantage was a household woid for the most efficient parish 
work in England. He married in i860 Emma, daughter of the late Rev 
H. B. Hibbert, Vicar of South Cockeiiugton, Lincolnshire. 

Rev Andrew HaUiday Douglas (1898}, died 15 June in Edinburgh {Eagle, 
xxiv, 97), . 

William Dashwood Fane ( 1838), eldest son of William Fane of the H.E.LC.S., 
born 21 October 18 16. Educated at the Charterhouse. Mr Fane rowe4 
Six in the First Boat in the Lent Races of 1856 with the late Dean 
Menvale and Sir Patrick Colquhoun ; He rowed Six in the First Boat at 
the Head of the River in 1837 and in the Boat at Henley. He was 
admitted a Student of Lincoln^ Inn 19 June 1838, and was called to the 
Bar 22 November 1841. He was Legal Assistant to the Board of Trade 
from 1856 to 1867. He married, 8 October 1861, Susan Milltcent, eldest 
daughter of General John Reeve, ot Leadenham House, Lincolnshire 
(&he died 12 December 1877), Mr Fane te&ided for many years at 
Fulbeck Hall, near Lincoln. He was a J. P.. for Notts and Derbyshire, 
»ud died At Fulbeck Hall 29 November, aged 86. Mr Fane was appealed 

Cbiiuary. 243 

|o about 5 years ago (o contiibule some veniiniscenc«6 (a (he Ma^gle^ Inil 
pleaded that his octogenarian pen was too feeble to un<ier(ake tlie 
enterprise. He, however, added some sliort notes which we give here. 
(1) I remember being fined by Dr French, Master of Jesus and Vice-Chan* 
cellor of the University, for trespassing on a farnt at Histon, where we> 
went to lide over the double po^ts and rails then put up for the inclosuie 
of the open fields. I^unn, a livery stable man^ near Enxmanuel, had. 
two hacks that could jump the double Qight. Charles Knight, after- 
wards Master of the Hounds at Rome, and G, F.. Wiibraham (oC 
Delamere, Cheshire) were my fellow culprits. 
(^) As a Scholar it came to my turn to read 1 ssons in Chapel. Not 
knowing it was a surplice night, I had to run to my rooms in letter B, 
New Court, to get my surplice, and when I returned was so out o( 
breath that my reading got me into trouble wiih the Dean. 
(3) Rowing men crossed the River from Jesus Pieces in a ferry boat moved 
by a chain or rope. One day, when I was not on it, it turned over, 
causing fatality. 

I was on the side of Mr Crick and Mr Chailes Meiivale, but 
unluckily, as I had come from Charterhouse, knowing no Mathematics 
whatever, I gave my whole time to that study and neglected Classics 
altogether. This ended in my being seventh Johnian among the 
wranglers, without a hope of a Fellowship ; so I left Cambridge finally 
the day after the examination for the Chissical Tripos was over. I read 
with Robinson (third wrangler) at Keswick in the Long Vacation of 
1836, and at Peterhouse (where he had become Fellow) in that 
of 1837. In 1836 he woiked well with his pupils. In 1837 I often 
found only a 'paper' left for me to do, my tutor having taken ta 
afternoon riding on horseback. 

During the days when I should have been training at Henley 
(I rowed as emergency man in the L.M. Boat at Henley against 
Queen's, Oxford) in 1837, I went to the Spitalfield Weavers' Ball at 
tlie Italian Opera House, at which King William and Queen Adelaide 
were piesent. U here my pocket was picked, which caused the loss of 
time from Henley^ to the great anger of my fellow oars, and perhaps, 
the loss of the race. 

There is another incident, not perhaps known at St John's. The 
X^ady Margaret, being first boat on the Cam, challenged the boat that 
should be first on the Isis at the end of the season 1837. Christ 
Church was the first, but Queen's ended second. The latter being 
known to be the better was sent to Henley. This was told me man/ 
years after by Dr Magrath of Queen's. I took my degree in January 
1838. I bathed at Byron's pool on Christmas day 1837, and should 
have done so on New Year's day 1838, but something, I forget what 

{>revented Ui not the weather, which was quite mild. Then came the 
ong frost of which the beginning and the end, and the coldest day 
had all been predicted by Murphy's almanac. The cold in the schools 
was so great during the forenoon and afternoon examination, that the 
Examiners mu*^t have been bothered by the answers to the papers being 
scsircely legible. Hands and feet were so numbed that men's time was 
spent in beating them into circulation. 

Rev Wil iam La Fontaine (1865), son of William Fontaine, bom at Car- 
maithen in 1837. Curate of Hurst, Lancashire, 1865-68 ; of St James'» 
Accrington, 1868-80; Vicar of Barnby-le-Willows, near Newark, 1880- 
1902. Died at the Vicarage z July. 

Rev Edward Ford (1853), son of Henry Ford, fanner, Croydon, bom at 
Chelsam in 1825. Curate of Harrow -on-the-Hill, 1853-57; Curate of 
Woolton, Isle of Wight, 1858-60 ; of St John's, Ryde, l^le of Wight, 
^860-62; Vicar of Kings Sterndale, Deibyshire, 1865-69; Curate of 

Zifii Obiluaryx 

Soulh Huniiinyficld, 1869-70 ; Rector of Exhall. with Wixford, Warwick- 
siiiie, 1887-92 \ Vicar of Aibri^hion, Salop, 1,895-99^ Latleily rcbided 
ai The Heiiniiat;e, Alcombe, Diiii»ier. Died there 3 January, aged 7b. 
In ibe bix^iies ii« was Head Master of the Hill bide School, \Ve»t 
Malvei u, 

Cbailes M<iirtirx Friedlander (1868), son of Erasmus Adolphus Friedlander, 
teacber of languages, born at Sculcoates, Yurk»bire, in 1841. Ur- C. M. 
Fiiedlander, who was Fiindpal of Broombw^od College, Clapham 
Common, died yi May. 

Xhomas M.tncbin Goodeve (1843), son. of John Goodeve, solicitor, bom 26 
November 1 82 1 in Hampshire. Edupated at King's College, London, 
matriculated in Lpndon University 1838. Admitted a student of the 
Inner Tern pip 6 January 1840, called to' the Bar 27 January 1862. He 
was appointed Lecturer on Applied Mechanics in the Royal School 
of Mines in 1869 ; subsequently Professor of Mechanics and Matheaiatics 
at the Royal College of Science, London^ this he re:»igned in 1894. He 
was for several yeais Professor of Natural Philosophy and Manufactuiing 
Art at King's College, London ; and later Professor of Applied Mathe- 
matics and Physics. at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. At the 
Bar he had a considerable practice in Patent cases. He died at 50, 
Ladbrook Road,. London 10 Febiuary, aged 81. lie married 16 June 
1873, Geraldine Sopliia, youngest daughter of the Rev Edward Wcigall 
M.A. He was the author, of the lollowing works: 'ihe EUments of 
Alechanism; A* Ttxt-Book on the. Steam Engine; The principies of 
A/echauics ; 7 he Gas Eugine ; An abstract of- reported caies^relaitng /» 
Letters Patent for Inventions,, 

William Griffiths {1865), son of David Griffiths of Dryshon-Fawr, co. Car- 
narvon, fanner, bom at Llandilo-faur,.Caimarthen, in 1841.. Educated at 
Llandovery School. Admitted a student of the Middle Temple 6 
November. 1863,. called *^ l**« S*' ^ J""C 1866. He was appointed a 
member of the Bengal. Education. Department I July 1869, Served as 
assistant Professor,, and. Professor, at Piesidency College, Calcutta; 
appointed a Fellow of Calcutta Uniyeisity in 187b; Principal of Hugli 
College, April 1880; Principal of Presidency College, Decemt>er 1892. 
Retired in September 1896. Died 23 January at Oakfield, Batiledown, 
Cheltenham, aged 61.. He matried 20 Februaiy 187 1, Mary Ann, second 
daughter, of the Rev John Fredeiick.Secretan Gabb, Perpetual Curate of 
Charlton King's, near. Cheltenham.. 

]@lcv Edward Kennedy Giecn (1856), son ot the Rev It^aac Green, Vicar of 
Howgill, and many yeais second master of. Stdbergh School, bora at 
Sedbcrgh 12 M;arch 1833. Educated, at Sedbergh School. Fellow of 
the College from 1.862 to 1870. He was assistant master at Rossall 
School 1857-64; at Brighton College 1865 ; Curate of Sedbergh 1865-66; 
of Grange, Lancashire, 1866-67 ; Perpetual Curate of Cautley with 
Dowbiggin, York, 1867-69.. 'Hji was presented, by the Colleg.c to the 
Rectory of LawfonI, Essex, in 1870, where he remained till his death. 
IJe died at Lawfoid Rectory 18 January, aged 68. Mr Green was never 
mariied. He kept up his classics to. the end, and verse translations by 
liim have appeared in the Eag/e. He restored at hi^ own cost the 
Chancel of Lawfoid Church, and contributed an article on the history of. 
the Church to the Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society. 

Rev Anthony Hall (1879), son of Anthony Hall, born at Blackburn, Lanca- 
shire, 26 July 1851. Curate of Chiist Church, Ashton^under-Lyne, 
1878-84 ; of Ashton-under-Lyne 1884-85. Vicar of St Geoige's, Mossley, 
Manchester, 1 885- 1 902. Surrogate, Diocese of Manchester 1885. 1902* 
Died 2 July, aged 50. In 1900 he was offered and accepted the benefice 
of St Peters, Ashton-undrr-Lyne, but afterwards withdrew. He leaves 
a widow, but no childre.n. 

mutuary. 54> 

Re'^ ^lenry Hall (1864), son of Thomas Hall, farmer, Wm at Swalloti'fieK?, 
Beiks, ill 1828. Curate of MarsliHcki, Gluucesteiiihire, 1864-67: of Earl's 
Colne, Essex, 1867-68; oi Standoi^, Staffordshire, 1868-70; Incumbent 
of St Niiiians, Castle JDout^Ias, Scotland, 1870-73 ; Curate of Diiibrook, 
Gloucestershire, 1873-74 : of Lower Guytinf;, same county, 1878-^9, 
Latieily resided at 4, Faragou Terrace, Cheltenham, Died theie 29 

Rev Radclyffe Russell Hall (1841), son of the Rev Samuel Flail, formerly 
Fellow of the College (B.A. 1804, Perpetual Curate of Billinge, Lanca- 
shire. Died 21 October 1858, at Amptbill Square, London; at;ed 76), 
born at Billinge 14 Noveml>er 1818. Died at his residence, Woodlands, 
Lynn, Hants, 18 March, aged 82. 

Rev Richard Davies Harries (1872), son of Benjamin Hanies, born at Tenby, 
Pembrokeshire, in 1838. Curate of Haihy 1872-73; Vicar of iliirby 
with Swinelhorpe, Notts, 1874-S5; Vicar of Beeston, near Nottingham, 
1885-1902. Died at South Clifton Hall, Newark, i() August, aged 65. 

Hon Robert Charles Herbert (M.A. 1849). fourth son of Edward, second 
Earl of Powis, bom at Welshpool, co. Montgomery, 24 June I827. 
Admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn 2 June 1849, called to the Bar 
30 April 1853. Married 22 June 1854, Anna Maiia, only daughter ami 
heiress of the late Edwaid Cludde Esq., oi Oilcton, Salop. A J. P. and 
D.L. for Salop; Hi^h SheiifF in 1878; Chancellor of the Diocese cf 
Lichfield 1875-1902. Sometime a Major in the Salop Rifle Volunteers. 
Died 31 Oclol>er at Orleton, Salop, aged 75. 

Rev Frederick Hockin (1850), died 21 Apiil at Phillack Rectory, aged 83 
{Eagle, xxiii, 357). 

Rev George Gorham Holmes (1846), son of the Rev Joseph Holmes, of 
Croxion, co Canibiidge, bom 30 December 1822. Educated at Leeds 
Giammar School. Sometime Fellow of the College. Vicar of Holme 
on Spalding Moor, Yorks, 1865-1902. Died at the Vicarage 10 March. 

Rev Fiedcrick JcfFery (1837), son of Bartholomew Jeifery and Wilhelmina 
Molesworth, si>ter of the seventh Viscount Moleswoith. Domestic 
Ch.iplaiu to Viscount Muleswoith 184 1-1902. Perpetual Curate of 
Sway, near Lymington, Hants, 1842-72. Latterly resided at Claywood 
Cottage, Sway; died theie 23 December, aged 89. He had been blind 
for nearly forty years. 

Richard Denison Jones (1848), son of the Rev John Pi ice Jones, of Kemble 
and Ewen, latterly of Elm Green, Cirencester, born at Ewen, Wilts, in 
1821. Died 6 November at his residence, Ibe Grange, Leonard Stanley, 
Gloucestershire, aged 78. 

Charles Kiik (1849), son of Charles Kirk, born at Wigston, co. Leicester, in 
1825. Educated at the Collegiate School, Leicester. Mr Kirk practised 
for many years as an Architect at Sleafoid. He died I April at 
Donington, Lincoln.'^nire, and was buried at Quanington, near Sleafoid. 

Rev George Augustus Langdale (1840), son of M. R. Lnngd.ilc Esq, bom in 
1817. Vicar of Coinpton with Up Maiden, Sussex. 1854-97. Died at 
Compton, near Peteisfield, 23 June, aged 85. By his will he lelt cori- 
sideiable sums to charities. 

John Clavell Mansel-Pleydell (1839 as J. C. Mansel). Died 3 May at his 
residence, Whatcombe, Dorset [EagU, zxiii, 356). 

Rev Richard William Bishop Marsh (1839), son of Richard Bishop Marsh of 
Stratford, Essex, Surgeon, born 6 February 1817. Educated at Merchant 
Taylors School. Curate of Clitheroe 1840-42 ; Vicar of Plaistow, Essex, 
1842.83; Chaplain to the Plashet Industrial Schools 1853 ; Cuiate of 
Put fleet, Esses, 1884-85. Latterly resided at Woodlands, Daniley Koad, 

24^ Obituary. 

Gravesend* Died 9 September at PUtstow, aged 85. He married m 
1864 £liEabetli» daujihter of the l«ite £. Shearme Esq, Solicitor, of 
Stratton, Cornwall. He was the author of Fast Day Sermons ; Evtty 
Parish a family of Chfist, a Sermon. 

Edward John Chalmers Morton (1880), died 3 October at his sister's house, 
Walton Cottage, Ambeiley, near Stioud {EagU^ xxiii, 99)^ 

Rev Henry Murray (1845), son oi I.ieutenant-General Murray. Educated at 
Oundle. Cuiate of bredon i845>47 ; o{ Shadwell 1847-49; of St Lake's, 
Chelsea, 1849-51 ; Chaplain to Colney Hatch Asylum 1851-55; Chaplain 
on the Bengal Ecclesiastical Establishment 1855-81 ; serving at Agra 
1855-88; Me»n Meer 1858-65 and 1868-7.0 and 1877-81 ; at Lucknow 
1867-6&; at Subathoo 1870-73; Nowbhera 1873-74; Moradabad 1874-77; 
The Gullies 1877. Died 1 1 October at Chiselhurst Rectory, aged 8s. 

Rev William Nockells (1847), son of William Nockells, of Stratford, Es«et< 
Merchant, born at Stratford 27 November 1824. Educated at Merchant 
Taylors School. Curate of Stanstead Abbots, Herts, 1854-57; of 
Cobham, Kent, 1857.60; Rector of Ificld, Kent, 1860-72. Latterly 
resided at 3, Carlton Villas, Baines, London, S.W. Died there at th« 
end of May or beginning of June, aged 77. 

Richard Pendlebury (1870), died 13 March at Keswick (Eagle, zsiii, 348). 

Rev James Powning (B.D. 1870), son of James Powning, Excise Officer^ 
born at Falmouth^ Devon, in 1824 ; admitted as a Ten-Year Mna 
17 November 1857. Curate of Buckfastleigh, Devon, 1852; of Berry 
Pomeroy, Devon, 1854-60; Head Master of Totnes Grammar School 
1853 86. Latterly resided at Dart View, Plymouth Road, Totnes, died 
theie 2 March, aged 78. He was best known as the Principal of Totnei 
Grammar School, which he conducted with great ability and success. At 
the time of his death he was the oldest Freemason in Totnes, being 
a P<M. of Pleiades Lodge, which some years ago elected him an honorary 
member in recognition of his past sei vices. He was also P.P.G. Chap, 
of Devon. He leaves a widow and two daughters, and also two sons— 
the Rev James Funieauz Powning (B. A. 1883). of St John's, now Hector 
of Landicey, Devon, and the Rev Frederick Edmonds Powning, of 
Merton CoUegef Oxford. 

Leonard George Selwyn Raynor (undergraduate)f only son of the Reir 
George Sydney Raynor (of St John's, B.A. 1875), ^o™ *^ Sutton Court, 
Chiswick, 21 July 1879. Educated at the Godolphin School, Hammer- 
smith ; St Paul's School, London ; and Ipswich School. Died 1 1 Feb. 
in London* 

Lord Rookwood (B.A. 1849 as Henry John Selwin) was Stroke of the 
Second Boat in the Lent Races 1848. Died in London 15 January^ 
aged 75 {EagU, xxiii, 230). 

Frederick Ryland (1877), son of John Benjamin Ryland, bom at Biggleswade, 
Beds, in 1854. Assistant Lecturer on Philosophy at University College, 
London, and private Tutor. Died at his residence, 53, Montserrat Road, 
Putney, 5 October. Mr Ryland married in 1883 Saiah, daughter of 
Henry Nathan, of Randolph Crescent, London, W. He was the author 
of the following works; Psychology, 1880 (7th Edition, 1897) ; Locke on 
Words 1882 ; Chronological Outlines of English Literature 1896; Ethics 
1893 ; Logic 1896 ; Events of the Reign 1897 ; Swift* s Journal to Stella 
(edited) 1897 ; Johns^n^s Lives of Addison, Swift, Pope, Dryden^ etc, 
(edited) 1893.97; Pope' s Rape of the Loch (edited) 1899; Pope's Essay 
on Criticism (edited) 1900. 

Obituary^ i\^ 

Hfuapbrey Sandford (1S34), son of the Rev Humphcey Sandford; of Shrews* 
bury, born 27 October 181 1. Educated at Shrewsbury School. Admitted 
a Student of the Middle Temple 22 October 1834,. called to the Bar 
24 November 1837. Married x6 September 185^. Ann^ Taylor, fifth 
daughter of Joseph ArmUage Esq, of Milnsbridge House, Ypiks. A 
Justice of th^ P.eace for Salop. Died at his residence, The Isle, near 
Shrew&bury, 5 Apiil„aged 90. • 

Rev William James Savell (i8s9)» son of Thomas Savell. bom at Barley, 
Herts. Divinity and Mathematical '^Lecturer at the Worcester Diocesan 
Training College, Sallley, 1858-62 ; Head Master HEol born Estate Gram- 
mar School, St Clement Danes, 1862-94. Latjteriy resided at Aldwickj 
'^^UingtQn, Surrey ; died there 27 April, aged 68. Mr Savell married 
in. 1863 Mary W|lliam^ niece and adopted child of the late James 
Rassell M.R.C.S., oCGrpve End Road, St John's Wood, Middlesex. 

I^;fv Harold MUsted Schrpder (189^), son of, Frederick Schroder, accountant, 
born at West Hackney 24^Apnl 1873. Educated at Bradford Grammar 
School. Curate of Kensington, London, 1896- .1902. Died suddenly 
8 Jndy* aged 29.. He worked chiefi^ ^^ Chrjst Church, Victoria Road, in 
cpnnexion'witn St Mary Abbots, Kensington. H^ had {Considerable 
gifts as a preacher, his sermons being always thoughtful, inter^^lng, 
well prepared, and well delivered.. With an abhorrence of anything 
artificial, aff<^ted, or, unreal, his manner occasionally seemed brusque, and . 
hfs uttenMices a little caustic, but nehind all this there was much sym- 
pathy, drawn out by sorrow of any kind. A windqw is tp be plficed to hif . 
niemory in Christ Church, Victoria Road. 

Charles Turner Sipipson (1842), died lO.M^y at M^Unead House« Guildford,^ 
aged 82 {JEagU, xxiii, 359). 

j^v Bertram Peachey Strange ways .(1897.), son of William .Nicolas Strange-.. 
ways; born a^ Darlingtpn,. co .Durham,, 5 M^rch 1874. Educated at 
ttie Gt;ampnar Schools. at Newcastle-on-Tyne and Shem^d. Curate of, 
St Anne's, Newcastle- on-Tyne, 1898-1900; Curate of Tynemouth 190Q- 
X902. Died at Park.Crescent, Norjth Shields, 17 M^rch. He had charge . 
of St Faitji*s Church and District. He leaves a widow and one child. 

i^ev John G^rhar^ Tiarks (1853), son of. the Rev. John Gerhard Tiarks, 
minii^ter of the German Protestant Reformed Church in Hpoper Square, 
Good man 'sPields; bom in St John's pad!»h, Hackney, in 1831. .Educated ^ 
at Jthe Mercer's Schqol, Loudon. Second Master of.MaccIesfield Grammar , 
SchoQl 1854-73 i Ciwite of Pr^slbnry 1870-73; Rector of Loxton, 
Sonv;rset, 1873-97; Rur<}l Dean of Axbrid^e 1897^ I^Uerly resided at • 
Foxbuiy, bhiselhur^t; died there 24 December, aged 7f. . Mr Tiarks, 
seamed -in 13^3 Anne, daughter of Mr C. Condrpn, of^f^cclesfield. 

I\^v John Tfirisajday (1842)1. bom at Ruslan<|, near Ulverstone, Lancashire. , 
Educated at Sedbcrgh School. Curate of Drigg, Cumberland, 1843-45; 
of Bphon 1845-47; of Lawford, Essex,^ 184^-51; of Wpodmancote, 
Sussex, i85i-6i; of Ilford, Sussex^ 1861-64; of All Saints', Lewes,. 
1864-67; of B^dfont, Middlesex,, 1867-70; of St James', Paddington, 
1872-76; Chaplain to the Paddington Cemeteiy 1876-1902. Di^d at \iV^\ 
residence, 24, Del am er^ Street, Lpndon^,4 Febniaiy, aged 83., 

liev .George Thorns^ Valentine (1857), s^" °^' J^^^" Valentine, Surgeon, bom , 
at Somerton, Sonierset, iii 1833.' Cur^ite of Hempstead, Essex,. 1857-63 ; 
of Heighington, Durham, 1864-&7; of. St Niqhjjlas, Nottingham, 1867- 
69; Vicar ot Hplme Eden, Carlisle, 1869-pi ; A^isistant Chaplain of 
Holy Trinity, Pan, 1879-80; Chaplain at Bellagio, North Italy, 1880 1 at 
Milan, Aix-les-Bains, Bex, Pallanza, Capii, Cas>telamare 1883-84; Vicar, 
of Stansted-Mountfichet, Essex, 1891-1900. Latterly resided at Bayfield, 
Walton Park, Clevedon, Somerset ; died there 18 April, aged 69. 
Mr Valentine married in 1865 3usan, daughter of H. R. Brayne Esq, of 
Marston Villa, Bays Hill Lawn, Cheltenham. 


^ex Henry Robert Wh^lpton (1857), son. of George Whelptoiip bom i\ 
Louth, Lincolnshire, 10 August 1833. Curate of All Saints', Dalslon, 
1857-59; of Upton-with-Chalvey, Bucks, 1852-62; of St Edmand's, 
Salisbury, 1862-65; Perpetual Curate of St Sjivio^ir's, Eastbourne, 
1867-97. Prebendary of Hampst^ad in Chichester Cathedral 1882-1902. 
Died at St Saviour's Viparage, Eastboui ne, 23 July. St Saviour's Church, 
£astbourne, was built by Mr. Whelpton's father ; when be retired he 
appointed his son, the Rev H. U. Whelpton (of Pembroke, B,A. 1883), 
to succeed him. Prebendary Whelpton was a good preacher and 
a capital organiser ; he had the reputatioi) of being, nei^t to the Duke of 
Devonshire, for many years the most important personage in Eastbourne. 

]|l^y Clennell Wilkinson (184^), SQP of the Rev Percival Spearman Wilkinson, 
of Mount Oswald, Dprham, borx» 3 April 1824. Curate of St Thomas', 
Coventry, 1849-5 1; of M^Ie Brace, Salop, 1851-54; of Fulbeck, Lin- 
colnshire, 1855-O3; of Frampton Cotteiill, Gloucestershire, 1863-72; 
Vicar and Rural Dean of Castle ^^artifi, Pemorokeshire, 1872-88 ; Rector 
<^f Toft Newton, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, 1888-1902. Died at 
the Rectory 30 April, aged 78. Mr Wilkinson mairied 14 June 1859 
Mary Gertrude, only child of John Reckless Esq, NVest India Merchant, 
Liverpool, and widow of Johu Warren Esq. 

IJlev Edward Williams (1850), son of the Rev William Williams, bom at 
Hascombe, Surrey, 5 June 1824. Curate of Shapwick, Somerset, 1870- 
73 ; Vicar of East Huntspill, near Bridgewater, i873«>i902 ; and Incumbent 
ot Catcott, 1878-1902. Died at East Huntspill Vicarage 8 Decemt>er. 

J^ev William Spicer Wood (1840), died 3 September at Weston, Bath, 
aged 84.(^1///, xxiv, 2i 9). 

The following deaths wei;e not notiqed in the years in which 
lihey occurred : 

]^ev Edward Hudson ^dnam (1845); Qurate of Addlethorpe, Lincolnshire, 
1846-59 ; Perpetual Curate ol Muker, Yorks, 1864-73 ; Rector of Slapton, 
Northamptonshire, 1873-75; Rector of Thomton-le-Moor, near Moor* 
town, Lincolnshire, 1875- 1901. Died at the Rectory 22 October 1901, 
aged 83. 

]^ev Henry Scadding (1837), di(;d at Toronto. 6 May 1901, aged 88 [Eagle^ 
xxiv, 223), 

]f etherston Sloneslreet ( 1842), oply sop of the Rev Qeorge Griffin Stonestreet, 
Prebendary of Lincoln. Educated at Eton. Admitted a student of 
Lincoln's Inn 8 April 1839; called to the Bar 24 November 1843; ad- 
mitted an advocate of Doctor's Commons 2 November 1847. He married 
ip February 1848 the Baroness Marie von Hammerslein, daughter of 
Baron George von Hammerstein. Died 30 Septenaber 1901, at his 
lesidencej Fdkensteip, Torquay, aged 82. 

Frederick Ward (1848), spn of William Ward, gentleman, bom 14 September 
1817, at 2, Cornwall Terrace, Regent's Park, I^ondoii, N.W. Educated 
privately. Mr \yard was a gentleman of independent riieans, owner at 
one time of the estate of Weuvis, in the parish of Evanton in Ros&hire; 
this he sold in the early sixties. He resided latterly on a smaller property 
of his own. Gill Head, Windermere^ and died there 27 February 190I1 
aged 83. 

^Lev Robert Henry Wylde (1834), son of Colonel Wylde, bom at Southwell, 
and educated at the Collegiate School there. He was ordained Deacon 
in 1834, and Priest in 1835. He seems to have resided all his life at 
Southwell, without ecclesiastical preferment. Died at Weit ^ale, 
Southwell, 22 August 1900, aged 90, 

Len/ Term 1903; 

t)n Satiirday, Febrtiary 48tb, Mr J. Larnior (B A. i88o>, 
l^'cllow and Mathematical Lecturer of the College, University 
Lecturer in Mathematics, and Secretary of the Royal Society, 
was elected Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in succession 
to the late Sir George Gabriel Stokes. The Lucasian Chair is 
the oldest of the mathematical Professorships in the University^ 
and was held by Sir Isaac Newton from 1669 to 1702. It is a 
singular fact, considering the mathematical reputation of the 
College, that Professor Larmor is the first Fellow of the College 
to be a Professor of Mathematics in the University of Cambridge. 
It is true that Professor John Couch Adams was Lowndean 
Professor, biit he hAd ceased Jto be a Fellow of St John's 
before his election, and in the official lists appears as of 
Pembroke College. 

The following honours were conferred on members of the 
College on the occasion of the Durbar at Delhi on the first of 
January 1 903 : 

1. To be a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Ordet 
of the Star of India 

Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson (B.A. 1869), C.S.I, of the 
Indian Civil Service, Member of the Council of the Governor 
General of India. 

2. To be a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent 
Order of the Indian Empire 

John Eliot (B.A. 1869). C;I.E., Meteorological Reporter to 
the Government of India, and Director General of Indian 

3. To receive The Kaiser-i-Hind Medal for Public Service 
in India, of the f'irst Class 

the Rev Samuel Scott Allnutt (B;A. 1873), of the Cambridge 
Mission, Delhi. 

The London Gazette df 2 Deceihber announces that the 
King was pleased oii October 15 to appoint Mr H. E. S. 
Cordeaux (B.A. 1892), C.M.G., a Lieutenant in His Majesty's 
Army, to be His Majesty's Consul at Berbcra. 

252 Our Chr0ntcl€.. 

In 6u^lasl nurrib^r we announced that the Rumfbrd ^fedal 
of the Royal Society for 1902 had been awarded to the 
Hon C. A. Parsons (B.A. 1877), Honorary Fellow of the 
College. We take the following official account of Mr 
Parsons* work from Nature for 4 December last. 

RuMFORD Medal. 
The Hon, CJiarUs Algernon ParsoHs, F,RS. 

The Rumford Medal is given to ^the H6.n Charles Algcfrndn 
Parsons for his success in the application of the steam turbine 
to industrial purposes, and for its recent extension to navi- 

The work of Mr Parsons is of a kind which specially comes 
under the terms and conditions of the Rumford Medal, as con- 
sisting ** of new inventions and contrivances by which the 
generation and preservation and management of heat and of 
light may be facilitated/' and as ''shall tend most to the good 
of mankind." 

By this invention and perfection <>l the steam turbine, he 
has not only provided a prime mover of exceptional efficiency 
Morking at a high speed without vibration, but has taken a step 
forward which makes an epoch in the history of the application 
of steam to industry, and which is, probably, the greatest since 
the time of Watt. The success of the turbine is due to the 
experimental skill and inventive ability which have enabled him 
to overcome all difficulties, and to contrive a multitude of 
details without which the general idea of compound working 
could not have been translated into practice. 

The use of the steam turbine for dynamo driving has been in 
operation for $ome time and is rapidly becoming common. 
Machines of 2000 horse-power and over are now being built 
In accordance, however, with the conditions of the Rumford 
Trust, that the medal shall be awarded for work done within 
the previous two years, his claims to favourable consideration 
are based specially on the recent application of the steam 
turbine to marine navigation. The use of the steam turbine, 
as is well known, enabled the Viper and the Cobra to attain 
speeds hitherto unattainable. It has now been introduced 
within the last few years in vessels for mercantile purposes on 
the Clyde, and is being applied to ocean-going vessels. 

TKe following members of the College have been appointed 
Examiners in the University of Durham : Canon Kynaston 
(B.A. 1857); Professor R. A. Sampson (B.A. 188S); Professor 
A. E. H.Love (B.A. 1885). 

The following passage occurs in the address of Sir William 
Turner K.C.B., President of the General Medical Council, 
delivered on 25 November 1902 : 

'^Otur Chrofticie* 253 

The pfdceadings of the International Canfetence for the 
unification of the Pharmacopoeia! Formulae of potent drugs and 
preparations, held at Brussels on September 15 to 20 of the 
present year, have been reported on by the Cliairman of the 
Pharmacopoeia-Comniittee, who, by the authority of the 
Council, was nominated as a delegate thereto. Eighteen 
European Governments, and the United States of America, 
were represented by specially appointed delegates, the British 
Representatives being Dr MacAlistef, nominated by the 
Council, and Surgeon Lieut.-Colonel Reid, nominated by the 
Government of India. Certain important conclusions were 
unanimously adopted, with the object of eliminating, by means 
of an international agreement, the dangers to life and health 
arising from the wide differences which exist in the various 
national Pharmacopoeias as regards the potency and strength 
of dangerous drugs called by the same or similar names. It 
was further resolved to request the Belgian Government, which 
has so laudably interested itself in this question, to establish 
in Brussels an International Bureau of information and inter* 
communication, with the purpose of promoting uniformity of 
action among the authorities which control the Pharmacopoeias 
of the countries represented at the Conference. Dr MacAlisler's 
Report has been referred to the Pharmacopoeia-Committee for 
consideration ; meanwhile he has received from the Lord 
President of the Privy Council an expression of thanks for his 
services as the representative of the British Government. 

Miwed by Dr Payne, Seconded by Dr Heron Watson, and 
Agreed to : — 

•*That a special and very cordial vote of thanks be accorded 
to Dr MacAlister for the services which he has rendered at 
the Conference in Brussels not only to the Council but to the 

A Royal Commission has been appointed to inquire whether 
it is possible so to amend the existing system of superannuation 
of persons in the Civil Service of the Slate so as to confer 
greater and more uniform advantages upon those to whom it 
applies without increasing the burden which it imposes on the 
tax payer. The Right Hon L. H. Courtney (B.A. 1855) >s 
Chairman of the Commission, and Mr J. Fletcher Moullon, 
K.C., M.P. (B.A. 1868) one of the ordinary members. 

The First Lord of the Treasury appointed a committee in 
December last to inquire and report as to the administration 
by the Meteorological Council of the existing Parliamentary 
Grant, and as to whether any changes in its appointment are 
desirable in the interests of meteorological science, and to 
make any further recommendations which may occur to them, 
with a view to increasing the utility of that grant. Mr J. 
Larmor (B.A. 1880), F.R.S., Fellow and Lecturer of the 
College, now Lucasian Professor, is a member of the Corn- 
mi t4ce. 

554 Ois^r Ch-ionide. 

Dr D. MacAIister (B.A. 1877). Fellow and Tutor of the 
College has been elected a Foreign Corresponding Member 
of the Soci6l6 de Pharmacie de Paris. 

Prof H. G. Seeley, F.R.S., has been elected a foreign 
correspondent of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St 
Petersburg. Prof Seeley entered at Sidney in 1863, migrated to 
8t John's in 1 868 ; he did not graduate. 

At a meeting of the London Mathematical Society held oit 
the 8th January last a testimonial was presented to Mr R. 
Tucker (B.A. 1855) on his retirement from the office of 
Honorary Secretary to the Society after thirty-five years* 

Mr T. E. Page (B.A. 1873) of the Charterhouse took the 
chair at the annual general meeting of the Association of 
Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools, held in St Olave's and 
St Saviour's Grammar School, Southwark, on January nth last^ 

Mr F. Dyson (B.A. 1877) has been appointed Chairman of 
the Examiners for Part I of the Previous Examination. 

At the general election held in New Zealand last autumn 
Mr James Allen (B.A. 1878) was returned as a Member of the 
House of Representatives for the constituency of Bruce. 

Dr F. A. Sibley (B.A. 1883) of Wycliffe College^ Stonehousci 
Gloucestershire, has been elected President of the Private 
Schools Association for the year 1 904. 

Mr S. Arthur Strong (B.A. 1884) and Mr J. Lewis Patoa 
(B.A. 1886) have been nominated by the Council of University 
College, l-ondon, to be Life Governors of the College as 
** having special claims in consequence of benefits conferred 
upon or services rendered to the College." 

Dr L. E. Shore (B.A. 1885) has been appointed by the 
Council of the Senate to be a member of the Court of 
Governors of Hartley University College, Southampton* for 
five years from January 1903. 

^Ir K. C. Browning ^B.A. 1897) ^^^ ht^n appointed to a 
post in the Government Cordite I'acioryat WeUington in the 
Nilghiri hills« 

Mr A. S. Harris (B.A. 1886) has been appointed Managef 
of the Leeds Branch of the Clerical, Medical and General Life 
Assurance Society at 36 Park Row, Leeds. 

Ds A. C. A. Abdul Latif (B.A. 1901). LC.S., was in December 
last awarded the first Whewell Scholarship in International 
I^w for 1903. Ds P. H. Winfield was re-elected to a scholar- 
ship of /75 at the same titae. 

Our Chrom'ck. 25-5 

^he examiners for the Yorke Prize for igoz^are of opinion, 
Vhat the Essay sent in by Mt H. M. Adler (B.A. 1897) is. 
deserving of honourable mention. 

Ds C. B. N. Cama (B.A. 190;,) has been elected to. an IsaaQ 
Newton Studentship i^ the University. 

Gilbert Norwood, scholar of the College, has beeq awarded 
one of the Chancellor's Medals for proficieqcy in Classical 
learning ; and also the Person Prize for Greek verse. 

The Powis medal for Latin hexameter verse has been awarded 
to H. D. Wakely, scholar of the College. 

Th^ BrolhertQii Sanskrit Prize at Corpus. Christi College* 
open to all graduates of the University, not of M.A. Standing-, 
has been awarded to Ds Manohar Lai (B.A. 2902}. 

On January 16 Bs F. W. Armstrong (B.A. IJ901) was elected* 
to a Naden Divinity Studentship. Mr Armstrong passed in the 
Classical' Tripos, Pari I, 1901^ and was placed in thq second class, 
first division. 

On January 30th Mr H. R. D) May (B.A. 1900) was elected 
to a MacMahon Law Studentship. Mr May was placed second 
in the Law Tripos* Part IJ, 1^01 and. in December 1901 was 
bracketted Junior Whewell Scholar in. International Law. 

Mr G. H. Teall (in residence 1900-1902) has been, gazetted 
to a cotnmissiou, in the Royal Garrison. Regiment. 

J. H. E. Crees, Exhibitioner of the College, was placed in 
the first class of the Honours List in Classics of the B.A. 
examinations of tjbe Univer/sity pf London ip December la^t. 

A correction should be m^de in Our Chronicle for the 
Michaelmas Term (p. 1 1.2.) : Mr J. Percival has been appointed 
Director of the Agricultural Department at the University 
College, Reading. Npt Lecturer on Agriculture as stated. 

MrE. W. Kinman (B.A. 1887) has bqen appointed Head 
Master of Ware Grammar School.' 

Mr. A, G. Pickfprd (B.A. 1891 ; M.Sc, Victoria), of the 
High School, Newga^tle, Staffs* has been appointed Head 
Master of Hulme Grammar School, Oldham. 

Mr A,. Howard (B.A. 1899) has been appointed Lecturer in 
Botany at the South-Eastern Agricultural College, Wye, and 
Consulting Botanist to the Kent and Surrey County Councils. 

Ds J. R. Brown (IJ.A. 1899), late Foundation Scholar, has 
l^een appointed Senior Science Master at the Grammar School^, 
Bury, L^ncashirQ. 

256 Our Chrouicle. 

Ds. H. A. Denbam (B.A. iqoi), late Scholar of ihe College, has 
been appointed Science Master at the High School, South 

Ds S, F. D, Harwood (B.A. 1901) has been appointed 
Professor of Chemistry at ihq Royal College, Mauritius. 

. The Rev CM. Rice (B.A. 1892). Cliaplain.of St David's 
School. Reigatp, haf been appointed Clerical Vicar and Head- 
niaster of Christ Church. Cathedral Schpol, Duhlia- 

Mr J. L. Coe (B.A, 1898) hasbe^n appointed to ^ mastership 
^t Cranbrook School, 

Mr Murray Hornibrook (B A^ 1398) has been appointed 
assistant Privatp Secntary to the Right Hon. George 
Wyndham, M.P., Chief Secretary for Ireland. 

Ds J. H. Franklin (B.A. 1901) l^as been appointed to a 
ipastership at Abingdon School^ 

Ds L. A. L. King (B.A. 1901) has^receiyed an . appLpiQ^ment 
ip the Civil Service., Law D?;partment, Cape Colony. 

Ds H. L. Garrett (B.A. 1902} has been appointed, to a 
inastership at the Lodge School, Bridgetown, Barbados. 

Ds B. F. Woods (B Ak: 1902) has been appointed to a 
Mastership at Chigwell School, 

A Sheffield correspondent points out the interesting fact that 
the most impprtant positions in that city in the three departments 
of education (academiQal, secoi^dary and primary) are all held 
at present by Johnians.. Thp University College has as its 
head Professor W. M. Hicks F.R.S. (B A. 1873); the Royal 
Grammar School, the Rev A. B< Haslam (B.A. 1873); and the 
Higher Central School, Mr J. W. llifTe (B.A, 1884). While the 
Bishop of Sheffipld, Dr Qpirk (B.A. 1873), is also a, Johnian. 

Mr C. M, Webb (B.A. 1894.), ^C.S., officiating Deputy 
Commissioner, was transferred from Myaungmya to the charge 
of the Akyab sub-division, Akyab district. Mr Webb has 
subsequently been transferred totjip headquarters^ Bas^ein 
district, Burma, 

Mr C. A. H:. Townsend (B.A. i«96), LC.S., was. on 
December 25 posted to the Jhelum district, Punjab. 

Mr W. A. Marr, LC.S., Assistant Magistrate and Collector, 
on special duty in Muzaffarpur is appointed to have charge of. 
the Serajganj sub-division of the Pabna district, Bengal. 

Ds R. Casson (B.A. 1500), LC.S , who has been appointedi 
an Assistant Commissioner 4th Grade in Burmah reported his 
arrival in Rangoon on December i, 1902, and has been posted, 
to the Headquarters of the Mandalay district for training. 

Our chrome 12. 257 

Ds A. C. A. Abdul Latif(B.A. 1901), who recently joined 
the Indian Civil Service, has been appointed an Assistant 
Commissioner third grade and is posted to the Jhang district^ 

At the ordiniry quarterly comitia of the Royal College of 
Physicians held on the lyih January Mr H. Williamson 
(B.A. 1893% MA., M»Bi. L.R.C.P. (St Bartholomew's), was 
admitted a member of the College. 

The following members of the College, having conformed 
to the by-laws and regulations, and passed the required examin- 
ations, had licences to practice physic granted to them : VV. L. 
Harnett (St Thomas') (B.A* 1899); A. G. Harvey (Middlesex) 
(B.A. 1897). 

Diplomas in Public Health were granted, jointly with the 
Royal College of Surgeons, to: B* L. T. Barnett (BA. 1896) 
and D. J. Moi'gan (B.A. 1896). 

Mr A. G. Butler (B.A. 1894). M*B*, has been appointed 
Health Ofl5cer for the Port of Gladstone, Medical Officer at 
Gladstone, and a Health Officer for the purposes of the Health 
Act 1900 in Queensland, Australia. 

Mr. E. C. Taylor (B.A. 1896). M.B., B.C., has been awarded 
a f)lHce in the Indian Medical Service on the result of a 
competitive examination held in London on January 13th. 

Ds H* Beniley (B A. 1897). Guy's Hospital, was in November 
last admitted a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of 

Mr. J. W. Rob (B.A, 1898), M.B.. B*C., has been appointed 
assistant House Surgeon at St Thomas' HospitaL 

Ds H. C* Cameron (B.A. iqo») and Ds H. Hardwick-Smith 
(B.A. 1899) passed in November last the first examination for 
the Diploma of Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. 

Sermons have been preached in the College Chapel during 
the past Term by : Mr CoX, January 24; Mr G. C. Allen 
Headmaster of Cranleigh School, February 8; Mr J4 G. 
McCormick, Vicar of St Paul's Church, Liverpool, February 21 ; 
The Junior Dean, Mr F. Dyson, March 8. 

An examination will be held on Wednesday, April 24th, for 
the election of two Choral Students. One Studentship will 
be awarded to a Bass and one to a Tenor singer. Further 
particulars may be obtained from either of the Deans, the 
Organist, or from any one of the Tutors. 


258 Vur Chronicle. 

Ds 5. M. Cook (B.A. 1898). McMahon Law Student of ibe 
College, was placed in tlie Second Class at the NovemW 
examination for honours of candidates for admission on the 
Roll of Solicitors of the Supreme Court. Mr Cook has been 
articled to Mr R. \V. B. Buckland of the firm of Vandersom, 
Doulton and Buckland of London. 

At a special meeting of the Incorporated Law Society held 
on January 30th the Travers-Smilh Scholarship of /'so for three 
years, together with the Travers-Smith certificate, were awarded 
to Mr B. M. Cook (B A. 1898), MacMahon Law Student of the 

Ds C. S. Perkins (B.A. 1901) passed in the second class in 
the intermediate examination held in November last for 
admission on the Roll of Solicitors. 

Ds C. H. Jose (B.A. 1901) passed the intermediate examina- 
tion of the Incorporated Law Society in January last. 

The Rev W. A. Whitworth (B.A. i«62), formerly Fellow of 
the College, has been appointed Hulsean Lecturer for the year 

Prof H. M. Gwatkin (B.A. I867) has been appointed 
Gifford Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh for the year 

The Rev F. S. Poole (B.A. 1867) has been appointed 
examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Adelaide. 

The Rev Canon W. Bonsey (B.A. 1868) Vicar of Lancaster, 
has been elected Proctor in the Convocation of York for the 
Archdeaconry of Lancaster. 

The Bishop of Sheffield, the Right Rev J. N. Quirk 
(B.A. 1873), has accepted the office of vice-presideni of ike 
Church Reform League. 

The Rev T. W. Windley (B.A. 1863), organising Secretary 
of the S.P.G. for the diocese of Southwell, has been instituted 
Perpetual Curate of All Saints, Nottingham. 

The Rev J. P. Morgan (B A. 1876), Vicar of Llanyre near 
Llandrindod, has been appointed Rural Dean of Melineth-ullra- 

The Rev A. Powell (B.A. 1881), Vicar of Bridge water, has 
been appointed Rural Dean of Bridgewater. 

The Rev D. W. Whincup (B.A. 1886). Curate of St Peter's, 
Cranley Gardens, has been appointed Curate in charge of 
Shtpperton, Middlesex. 

Oi$r Chrontde^^ a59 

The Rev A. T. Wallis (B.A. 1891). Curate in charge of 
St Nicholas, Deptford, and formerly Junior Missioner at the 
College Mission, has accepted the Vicarage of St Nicholas, 
Strood, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. 

The Rev S. H. Cubitt (B.A. 1891) has been appointed 
commissar/ to the Bishop. of Saskatchewan and. Calgary. 

The Bishop of London has approved of the appointment of 
t]ie Rev P. A. I^ingsfprd (B.A. 1893) as a London Diocesan 
Mission clergyman in charge of the Merchant Taylors* School 
Mission at St Barnabas, Hackney. 

The Right Revierend Dr J. N. Quirk (B.A. 1873). Bishop of 
Sheffield, and Vicar of Dpncaster, has been appointed by thei 
Archbishop of York and. the o^her trustees to the vicarage of 
St Andrews, Sharrow. 

The College benefice of Great Snoring witb Thursford ia 
Norfolk became vacant towards the end of 1902 by the removal 
of the Rev R. P. Roseveare to the Vicarage of Thorpe Hamlet, 
Norwich. The College has presented the Rev A L. Hunt 
(^fe.A. 1876), Rector of East Mersea, Colchester, to the vacant 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are anxK)U{iced:: 

Nana, B.A, From To be 

Hockin, A. P. (1872) R. Biclcnor, Maidstone. R. PhUlack, Cornwall.* 

Ouodwin, G. H. (1881) C. Cockfield, Durham. V. Uppington, Salop. 
Sjnith, S. M, * (1890)0. St Edward's, Cana- V, Hebdeii Bridge, 

bridge. Halifax. 

Marsden, M. H. (1866) lately P. C. Spalding. R. Moretdn, Dorchesp 

Ransome, M. J. (18S3) C. Old Rpdc, Cheshire. P. C. Holy Trinity, 

Mossley, Congleton., 
Chapn^an, A. £. (1899) C. Holy Triniyr, East- V. St Nathanacl, 

bourne. Bristol. 

Roseveare, R, If * (1888) R. Great Snoring w. V. St Matthpws. Thorpe . 

Thursford, Norfolk. Hamlet, Norwich. 

Wing, R. P^ (1876) C. HuDtiogfield, Suffolk. V. W^lberswick, 

PowelJ-Jones,H. 0^(1 878) R, Combe Florey,^ R. St Philip's, Hulme,. 

Taunton. Manchester. 

Pat^insoo, J. A. (1884) V. St George's, Choriey. R. St Bartholomew's, 

Middleton, C. (i88z) C. St James, Qirkdale^ V. St John's, Birkdalc,, 


T,he following members qf th.e College were orflained i^^ 
December last : 


Kami. Digru, Diocese, Parish, 

Lockton, W. (1900) Exeter St Matthew's, Exeler 

Storey, E. G. (1894) Gloucester H. Trinity, CheltcnhaiA^ 

Williams, D. L. (1900} St Asaph Minera 

2(iQ Our Chronick 


Name, Degret* Diocest,^ 

Belcher, H. C. P^ (i<)Oi) Llamirtff 

Tones, J. W. \^^\) I-landaff 

Watts, H B, (i89€>) Duiham 

Cheese, J. £. (1900) Winchester 

Bere^foiU, F. U900) Exeter 

Sargent, D. H. G. (1900) Gloucester 

Hoscamp, A- S. (1^98) X^iverjiool 

Elsce, C. (*898) Kochtsicr 

The ordinations were held : in the diocese of Llandaff on 
Sunday December 14 \ in the olhe^: Dioceses ou St Thomas' 
day, December 2 1 . 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College have been made siftce the issue of our last number: 
LIr F, Djson to be an examiuer of the Latin unprepared 
translation, in Plato and in Dryden for the Previous Examina- 
tions in 1903 ; Mr G. B. Mathews la be an examiner for the 
Bell and Abbott scholarships in the place of the Lucasian 
Professor, and to be a member of a Syndicate to consider 
changes in the mathematical part of the Pass examinations; 
Dr D. MacAlister to be one of the Sex Viri \ Mr J. E, Marr to 
be a member of the Museums and Lecture Rooms Syndicate ; 
Mr T. P. Slrangeways to be a member of the Slate Medicine 
Syndicate : W. O. Sulcliffe to be 9 member of the Non- 
Collegiate students Board \ Dr H. F- Baker to be a member of 
the Special Board for mathematics ; Dr D. MacAlister to be a 
member of the Special Board for Indian Civil Service Studies 
and of the Board of Agricultural Studies ; Mr J. E. Purvis to be 
an examiner in Slate Medicine for 1903; Mr L. IL K. Bushe 
Fox to be a member of the Special Board for Law ; Mr \V. IL R. 
Rivers to be an additional member of the Special Board for 
Moral [Science ; Dr D. MacAlister to be one of the repre- 
sentatives of the University at the International Congress of 
Hygiene and Demography to be held at Brussels in September 
1903; Mr G. F. Stout to be an Hector to the Knighlbridge 
Professorship of Moral Philosophy; Dr H. J. Roby to be an 
Elector to the Downing Professorship of the Laws of England; 
Dr A. MacAlister to be an Elector to the Downing Professorship 
of Medicine, and to the Professorship of Surgery; Dr D. 
MacAlister to be an Elector to the Professorsliip of Zoology 
and Comparative Anatomy ; Mr H. S. Foxwell to be an Elector 
to the Professorship of Mental Philosophy and Logic; Mr J. 
Larmor to be an Elector to the Plumian Professorship of 
Astronomy aud experimental Philosophy, and also to be an 
Elector to the Isaac Newton Studentship; Mr H. S. Foxwell 
to be an examiner for the special Examination in Political 
Economy; Mr J. B. MuUinger to be an Examiner for the 
Lightfoot scholarship in 1904; Mr T. R, Glover to be an 
adjudicator for the Members Latin Essay Piize ; Mr R, F. Scott 
to be a member of the Library Syndicate. 

Our Chronkli^ 261 

The ro]lo>viQg books by members of tbe CoIIej^e are 
announced : Nota for one yearns Sunday School Lesson i. 
Following in general the first year of the syllabus for five years of 
the Diocesan Board of Education for the Diocese of Manchester. By 
the Ven. Janies M. Wilson, Vicar of Rochdale ?ind Archdeacon of 
Manchester. Series i (S.p.C.K.); Elementary Geometty, by 
A. A. Bourne and an- th^r (Cambridge MaihemaVical Series, 
Bells) i Comparative Principles of the Laws of England and' 
Scotland. Courts and Procedure^ By J. W. Brodie-Innes, of 
Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law, Advocate at the Scottish Bar,, 
Chancellor of the Diocese of Argyll and the Isles (Edinburgh, 
Green ; London, Stephens) ;. Ronym Pripate Law in the time, of 
Cicero and of the Antonines^ by II. J. Roby, Honorary Fellow of 
the CoUege (University Press); The last Foray, by R. XL. 
Forster (J. Long) ; Selections from the Letters, Despatches, and 
other state papers preserved in the military department of the 
Government of India. Vols. 2 and 3. The Indian, Mutiny 
1857-8. Lucknow and Cawnpore^ edited by G. W. Forrest 
C.I.E. (Calcutta, Military department Press);. Elementary 
Geometry^ by W. C. Fletcher, Headmaster of the Liverpool 
Institute (Arnolds); Chivalry; mediaeval and modern, by J. 
Lewis Paton, Headmaster of University College School, 
London (St George publications) ; Ciiits of India, by G. \V, 
Forrest CLE. (Constable) ; More letters by Charles Datwin. A 
record of his work in a hitherto unpunished series, by A.. C. 
Seward and F. Darwin (Murray's). 

The Church of Horton, Northumberland, was reopened 
after exteiisive restoration and renovation, on Tuesday, 
February 3rd. by Dr Jacob, Bishop of Newcastle. The work 
Las been executed as a memorial of the late Mr George Baker 
Forster (B.A. 1854) by members of his family. Horton was 
originally a part of the parish of Woodhorn, but in 1768 was 
constituted a parochial chapelry with its own district. The 
present church dates from 1828. but the bell is dated 1681 and 
some old monuments are preserved. The present works have 
been of an extensive character, including the erection of a new 
pulpit and the laying down of a new floor, the chancel floor 
being of marble with mosaics round the altar. The opening 
service cre-Ued much interest in the locality and numbers who 
had come from a distance were unable to find a place within 
the building. The restoration perpetuates an honoured name 
in a very interesting and disinterested way. 

On Friday, February 6th, a meeting wsa held in the vestry 
of the Church of St Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside, London, with the 
object of publicly presenting to the Rev Marcus Rainsford 
(B.A. 1 881) a cheque, accompanied by a framed address, 
congratulating him on his approaching marriage and 

262- Our Chronich, 

acknowledging his great public service in delivering raidday 
lectures to City men for many years. The Rev A. Warner, 
Rector of St Mary-le-Bow, presided; Mr F. M. Chatterton 
(hon. secretary) made the presentation on behalf of the rectors, 
parishioners, and worshippers of St Mary-le-Bow and St 
Mildred's, Bread Street Mr Rainsford, in reply, said he 
believed that the midday lectures in the City met a great and 
real need, and he felt that if those who delivered theni gave 
proper care to preparation and dealt with men as reasonable, 
thoughtful, spiritual beiiigs a blessing must rest on tjbe work. 

We take the following frpna recent catalogues of second 
hand books : 

4^ CAMBRIDGE.— THE KAGbLE, a Magazine supported by \feinben 
ot St John's College, Cainbiidge, vols 15, 16, 17, 18 19, 20, complete, 
and vol 14 (4 parls), and vol 21 (3 parts), and eight odd paits of earlier 
vols, 8vo, all in original wrappers, as issued, V£RY SCA&CE, lOS 6d THS 

(Printed for Subset ibers only), Cambiidge 1882-1900 

The above is a good run of this scarce Cambridge publication, for begio»ing 
at the fii&t part of vol 15, which is number 84, it runs without a break to 
the third pait of vol 21, which is number 122. 

3613 WORDSWORTff (Ohristoplier) King Cha^rlks the First, the 
Author of Icon Basilike, further proved, in a Letter to His Grace the 
A/chbishop of Captcrbury, in reply to the objections of Dr Lingard, Mr 
Todd, Mr Broughlon, The Edinburgh Review, and Mr Hallam, by 
Christophkk Wordsworth, D.b., Master of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, and Rector of Buxted with Uckfield, Sussex. Cambiidge, 
l^rinud by J. Smithy printer to the Vnivetsity^ y<fhn Murray^ AlbtmarU 
Street, Lokdon, 1828. THE POJET WlLLIAM WORDS WORTH'S 


William Words worth, (m two places), v.cry fijie qopy, in paper covert, 
ywcuT, as issued, endowed in boXf £^ 4s. 

On December ly Messes Sotheby Wilkinson and Hodge 
concluded the sale of the library of Mr Cecil Brent, F.S.A., 
of Palace Grove, Bromley, Kent. The sale included two first 
editions of William Wordsworth, (i) Memorials of a Tour on 
the Continent, 1822, finp copy in the original boards — /"14; 
QX) Ecclesiastical Sketches, 1822 in original boards — /"13. Each 
bad the author's autograph inscriptio|i : ** Mr.s Watson from 
William Wordsworth." 

Mr G. R. S. Mead (B.A. 1^84) delivered a series of four 
lectures on the Theosophy of Egypt in Greek tradition, in the 
lecture room of the Theosophical Society in Albermarle Street, 
London. The subjects of the several lectures were as follows^ 
February 17, The Over-Mind; February 24, God and the 
Universe; March ^, Xhe God. beyond al| Name; March 10, The 

afur ChronUh. «63 


In the l^st number of The Eagle (p. 121) there is a note as (o the change 
fiom knee-breeches to trousers in the costume of members of the Univeisiiy. 
The foUowing article in N9tes and Queries^ 5 Series, IX, p. 505, bears ou this 

Cambridge academic costume about 1820*. The following eilract from tKe 
report of the address of the Rev R. £. Hooppell LL.D. (of St John's B.A. 
1^55), the retiring president of the Tyneside naturalists* field club, is taken 
from the Auckland Times of the 17th May last (f.r. 1878). It will prove Of 
interest to many of your (^ambiidge readeis. 

••The late Rev G. C. Abbs was an undergraduate of St John's College, 
Cambridge, when the Princess Charlotte died. That terrible blow to the 
nation*s hopes diffused universal grief; the national sorrow found vent in 
national mourning. Up to that lime the young men of Cambridge had never 
been allowed to lay aside the Eighteenth Century knee breechesi The Blue" 
Coat boys of London are still doomed to wear a similaily antiquated atiiifr. 
By the resolution of our lamented friend, however, the undergraduates of 
Cambridge were delivered from the bondage full siity years since. It came 
about thus : — The mourning I have said was general. An edict went furtli 
at Cambridge that undergraduates should appear in trousers one term as 
mourning; the next term to resume their oidinaiy attire. The mourning 
trousers were duly worn ; the ordinary breeches were resumed by all biit 
George Abbs. Having experienced the pleasure and relief of the change of 
dress, he was averse to return to the ancient style. The Dons lemonstiatevl 
with him ; he manifested obstinacy ; they deprived him of liis term. He 
nevertheless stood out. Tiie next term came, and he still appeared in 
trousers. Again he was deprived of his acndemical reckoning ; but as the 
term drew near to its end other undergraduates, admiring his boldness, and 
stimulated by his example, began to tread in liis steps. The third term many 
did so, and the authorities began to doubt their power to resist the general 
rebellion which seemed thieatening to set in. They yielded to Mr Abhh' 
persistency with a good grace, cancelled the long«standing aesthetic regulation^ 
restoied him to his collegiate status, and saw before long the substitution of 
modem trousers, for the more ancient garb, universally adopted^ Mr Abbs' 
nil dei graduate career terminated in 1 821, when he took his degree of Bachelor 
of Arts." 

To this may be added the Hict that the Princess Charlotte^ only child of 
King Geoige IV, died 6 Ko> ember 18 17. 

[The following letter from Dr Robeit Jenkin, Master of St John's, fo 
Dr John Moore, Bishop of Ely and sometime Fellow of Clare, was found 
among some letters at Clare College by Mr J« R. Wardale. The letter is of 
some interest. Down to the year i860 the Bishop of Ely hdd the ritjht of 
nominating a Fellow of St John's. Dr Ludolph Kuster, whom the Bishop 
wished to nominate, was a learned critic and one of the best Greek Schuhds 
of his time. He was bom at Blomberg in Westphalia in 1670, he died in 
1 7 16. He was admitted to the degree ot LL.D. at Cambridge in 1705. The 
Dr Ferrari mentioned by Dr Jenkin is no doubt Antonio Ferrari, the 
Neapolitan convert who was seen at 9t John's by Uffenbach in 17 13. He 
tiansciibed Thomas Baker's History of the College for Dr Newcome, the 
Master. Ferrari left to the College a unique collection of early tracts relating 
to the French and Italian reformations. 

Dr Jenkin's letter seems to have convinced the Bishop that Dr Kuster wa« 
ineligible. But he did not take the hint and select a Johnian. The man he 
selected was Henry Foche, of Clare, B.A. 17 12, who was admitte<l a Fellow 
of the College 24 March 1712-3. His subsequent career was as follows : he 
\kas ordained Deacon 27 May 1716 and Priest ai September 1718 by the 

264 Our Chroniclt. 

Bishop of Ely : was presented by the CuUege to the Vicarage of Hicham, 
Kent, 3 May 1725 : became a Minor Canon of Rochester Cathedral in 172S ; 
and was buried al Hicham 9 February 1731-2. According to the inscription 
on his tombstone at Higham he was in the 89th year of his age. But this is 
probably a mistake for 391 h. He was admitted at Clare 18 April 1709* 
where he is stated to have been born at Heme, Kent. He was probably Lbe 
son of William Foche, who was admitted a Fellow of Clare 15 September 
1685 ; his Fellowship was filled up again 39 October 1689* William Fodie, 
of Heme, clerk, was on 6 June 1690 licensed to marry Elizabeth Wheatley, of 
St George's parish, Canteibury^ The family was one of old standing in Kent, 
the last Abbot of St Augustiu*s, Canleibuiy) being a John Foche.] 

Nov 15, 1712 


My Lord 

Soon after I had received your Lordship's message by Mr Woodham, 
that you purposed to nominate Dr Kustcr for ihe Fellowship now vacant, to 
which your Lordship has a Right of Presentation, I called a meeting of the 
Senior Fellows to consider the case. And) that nothing might be determined 
without due deliberation, I afterwards appointed another meeting, being 
resolved to pay all the deference and submission to your Lordahip, which, as 
far as we aie able to nndersiand, our Statutes will allow. But at both these 
meetings we weie unanimously of opinion that Dr Kuster is uncapable of the 
Fellowship designed here by your Lordship, upon the account both of his 
county and his profession. 

In that clause of our Statutes Cap, 50, wherein the Right of Presentation 
to a Fellowship is granted to your Lordship we are forbidden to admit any 
person, whom you shall piesent, unless he be qualified according to the Statute 
De Qualitalibus Sociorum cap. 12. And your Lordship is lequired to present 
such a person as is in all thin^^s qualifyed according to the Statutes in genera) : 
qui pro pits moribus hoc sodalitio dignui sit, et cut cum stattUu per omnia 

By that Statute, to which particular reference is here made, the Fellow^' 
ships are divided into Southern and Northern, and but two of any county of 
England, and one of any diocese in Wales can be chosen into the Foundiess*i 
Fellowships. I'his, as a necessary and principal qualification is the subject of 
great pait of the Statutes. By which distrit}Ution and limitation of Fellow- 
ships all but natives of England and Wales are excluded ; and natives are 
made capable so far only and in such manner as the Statute appoints. 

Dr Kuster stands excluded likewise by his profession. For by the same 
Statute cap. 12, no man professing Law or Phy^ick can be admitted Fellow, 
but such only as have proceeded in Arts, and aie upon the Divinity line, which 
is to be observed likewise by the University Statutes in all Theological 
Colleges. Besides if Dr Kuster had pioceeded M A. and had been chosen^ 
his Fellowship must have been now void, by cap. 23, where it is declared that, 
before the time of the Doctor's standing, every Fellow must be both in Holjr 
Orders, and Batchtlor of Divinity, or else his Fellowship is actually void; 
excepting those only, who upon the death and removal of any of the four 
professing Law or Physick, have been allowed by the Master and Seniors to 
irofess either of those Faculties. These Statutes were drawn up and signed 
ly one of your Lordship's predecessoi s, and these we are sworn to observe; 
and in the clause immediately preceding that whereby the presentation to one 
Fellowship is granted to the Bishop of Ely^ we are enjoined to adhere to ibei>e 
statutes, notwithstanding any usage or custom to the contrary : which we are 
not sensible has at any time been in the present case. For my own part. I 
assure your Lordship, that before I had leisure to peruse and compare the 
Statutes, I should have been glad if Ferrari could have obtained the piesen- 
tation ; but befoie the last election, as soon as I found him to be uncapable 
by the Statutes, I wrote iatmediately to give him notice of it, and to desiie 
him to desist. 


't)ur Chrotiich, JI65 

My lord, we should with all thankfalness receive the fiivour designed us by 
your Lordship, of placing so good and worthy a person as Dr Kuster among 
us, if It ivere in our power. But since .such is our misfortune, that our 
Statutes will not permit, give me leave to s;»y, that your Lordship hns a good 
choice in our own College. And that the Bishops of Ely have seldom look't 

I beseech your Lordship to believe, that what is here humbly represented 
to your Lordship's consideration, proceeds frum nothing else, but a sense of 
that obligation, which we are under to observe our Statute:* and oathes 

I crave your Lordship's benediction 

jind I am, may it please your Lordship 

your most obedient, humble servant 


Addressed : 1*0 the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Ely, at his Loid- 
ship's house, in Holborn, London. 

Endorsed : Dr JenUin to Bishop Moorej 15 Nov. 17 12, represents Dr 
ICttsler's incapacity to be Fellow of St John's. 

«« Hermes" the Magazine of the Univetsity of Sydney, has issued A 
Jubilee Number, to commemorate the jubilee of the Un versity. This contains 
a history of the University and biographical notices of many of the Professors. 
From this we extiact the following account of Piof Moiris Biikbeck Pell, 
Senior Wrangler in 1 849 and a Fellow of St John's. Prof Pell was one of the 
three original Professors elected in 1852 and arrived in Sydney on July 9 in 
that year. He was l>orn in the United States, and was a relative of Biikbeclc^ 
the founder with Bentham and Cobbett, of the first Mechanics* Institute. As 
a teacher at our University he was greatly admired by the best mathematical 
students, who looked upon him as a thorough master of his subject and were 
tnuch impressed by the sviiftness of his intellect and the neatness of his 
methods. The passmen thought him perhaps a little too swift, but he was 
much liked for his quiet and kindly ways, while his sagacity was obvious even 
to those who could not appreciate his mathematical powers. One of his 
piactices, perhaps, deseives recording. To candidates for honours at their 
a A. degree he Was wont to give on each of two successive days a paper with 
which they began at half-past nine in the morning, and which they were at 
liberty to struggle with till the shades of evening compelled them to retire — a 
cold collation being allowed to any whose spirit might be willing, but where 
flesh was weak. His old students also well remember his manuscript treatises 
on some of the highest branches of mathematics, which they considered 
superior to the published text books of those days. He letired on a pension 
in 1877, after some years of struggle with failing health, and was succeeded 
by Professor Gurney. Mr Pell was soon after elected a Fellow of the 
Senate, but he did not live long to enjoy that distinction, for he died in 1879 
[May 7). In the earlier years of his professorship he was actuary for the 
Australian mutual provident society, and his talents were made use of by th« 
Government up«n several public commissions. 

Entrance Scholars and Exhibitionkrs. 

EUitid 12 Dectmber 1902. 
Commencing Residence October 1903* 

FouftihHon Scholarships of £%o t 

Piaggio, H. T* K. (City of London School), /or Mathematics* 
Wilson, G. J. (Campbell College, Belfast), /yr Mathematics, 
Tilteringlon, E. J* G< (Pcisc School, Cambtldge}tJor Alathefftattcs* 


26^ Our Chronicle. 

Foundalion Scholarships of £60 ': 

Worrall, N. (Wesley CoUcge, ShemM),/.r MtuLmZaftguafi:. 

Minor Scholarships of £to : 

Benllcv, J. H. (Poclclington School), for ffebrew, 
Ellis, A. J. (University College School), /<>r Classics. 
Meldruin, R. (NoUingham Hiyh School), for Classics. 
Toonc, C. G. (Christ's Vio^y\{z\), for Mathematics. 

Foundalion Scholarships of £\o : 

Macaulay, D. (K«gby School), /br Classics, 

Squire, J. C. (Bluiuleirs School), /«?r Histcrv. 

Thompson, E. E. (Northampton Comity ^axw^), for Natural Scienci. 

Optn Exhibitions of £^0 : 

Skene, C. M. 'B. (PockHngton School). /^r Hebrew. 
Gibbins, T. W. H. (Morpeth Sc\ioo\), for Natural Science, 

Exhibitions Open Pro Hac Vice. 

Somerstt Exhibition of £$0 for three years : 

Higgins, F. A. R% (Cheltenham Grammar Schoo)), for Mathematics.. 

Dowman Exhibition of £4.0 for three years : 
Lewis, P. J. (Hereford School), /tfr Classics. 

Somerset Exhibition of £ i^o for four years : 
Hass£, H. R. (Owens College), for AfatAematics, 

Lupton and Htbbltthwaite Exhibition of£t^ 1 3X. \^. for three yean : 
Divided between 
Honcybourne, H. C. (Royal Grammar School, Guildford), 

for Natural Science. 
Johnston, A. B. (Wolverhampton Grammar School;, /or Classics, 

Johnson Exhibition of £ zo for four years : 

Jackson, C. A. (Wolveihampton Grammar School), /or J/a/AMui/i£f« 

Adams Essay Prize. 

(See EagU xxiii, p. 382). 

The Examiners report that the Essays sent in by E. Gold 
(**A critical account of Lagrange's M^canique Analytiqne") 
and S. H. Phillips (••Gravitational Problems in Hydrostatics") 
are of equal merit. Each candidate will receive the sum di 
£4 together with a copy of the collected works of the late 
Professor J. C. Adams. 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

Considering the bad luck which has dogged us throughout 
the Season, our record is very fair — nine wins, ten lo^ses, and a 
draw. Wtf can only repeat our remarks of last term, and say 
that the number of '' crockings " has bceu extraordinary^ To 

Our Chronicle. 267 

Quote, an instance, S. R. Brown has been injured on four 
separate occasions, W. J. Hawkes, who has played finely all 
through, is the only member of the team who has been able to 
play in every match. 11. Lee lias twice scored. from full-back — 
against King's and TrUiiiy. We have never seen abetter piece 
qf work on any field than his try against the latter college. Our 
best performHnce this season was undoubtedly our win over 
Christ^s. Both Christ's and ourselves put weak teams in the 
field, but the game was excellent. There was no score till five 
minutes before time» when Caddick dropped a pretty goal with 
a ball which was heavy and. greasy. 

E- D. Evans was chosen for the Welsh Trial Match, ^vans 
and Ritchie have unfortunately not been able to play regularly 
in the team, owing to, their constant appearances fo^ the 

We omitted to our last issue that C. D* Fisher 
played in the Freshmen's Match. 
* Colours have been awarded to G .Whitley and C. N. Coad. 

Results ioi, this term are appended. 

Ffir AgcUnst.^ 

Date, Opponents. Result, G. T. P, G, 71 P. 

)^an. 26....Cbrisi's. Lost o I 3 ' 10 5 

,*, 28.... Pembroke Lost GO O 3t 3 22 . 

]^cb. 2. ...Queens* ..Lost Q. I 3; 23 19' 

M 9....Caius .....Lost 000' 41 23 

„ II. ...King's Won 4 i 23 013 

„ 13. ...Clare Lost 00 O 2 I 13 

,; 16..., Trinity Lost I i 8 ». 3 13' 

t Penally Goal. 


J^^ Barradel/'Smith\{CBptf_For9nrS)—A very keen and^ner^ctic captain. 
He has worked hard to improve his team, and has deserved a more ' 
successful treason. Owing to tlie^ responsibility of captaincy has not 
perh^tps always djone himself justice, but liaK set the team a thoroughly. 
go.ud example i? smart follpwiog-up and hard tackling. 

J^ If. ^iwffj,(Hpn, S«c., Ccjitie three-qaarter)— P/obably the best attacking, 
" three" upl Defence might be improved. 

^, B. SMght, (Win^ three-quarter)— On hi^ day. can, be good, but is very, 
variable. Shoald practis^e kivkiog. 

5. 2>. Cttddick (Centre three-quarter). A ; defence very sound. , 
Should une a liftle nioie judgment in pasbiqg. H^ been of great use to , 
tlie hide this season. 

If. Lee (FaU.back)-.IpvaluabIe. 

l^,T. Ritchie (Wing three-quarter)— Good alWound wing: has improved j 
*greatly« Runs strongly and has a good swerve. Is sometimes inclined, 
to hpld on to the ball .too long. 

C. W, E. Tiddy (Forward)— Of the " genuine scrummages*' type, but i^ also^ 
good in the loose. Never plays a bad game. 

a 68 Our Chrofiichn 

S. ff. Scoit (Forward) — ^Ilas been very useful this season, but mast do more 

scrum-woik next. 
S- R' Brown (Forward) — A useful forwardj but does not know the game well- 

Shouid not pick up the ball so much, but use his feet moie. Is rather 

apt to run across the field. 
^, C. BroTOiiing (Forward) -Hard-working but clumsy. Improved greatly 

towards the end of the season, 
W» y. Ilawkes (Forward) — Knows the game thoroughly. Shoves hard, is 

very good in the loose, and has played out&ide the scrum with success. 

If he were heavier he would go far. 
C* A. Cummins (I^alf-back)— Unfortunately has not been able to pUj 

rcgulaily. Very plucky : feeds his backs well, but is inclined to run too 

much across. 
ir< L, B, Hamilton (Half-back) — ^Not so good at the end of the season as at 

the beginning. Should be smarter in getting Ifoupd the scrum and 

getting the ball away. 
(r. Whitley (Forward) — Knows how to play, but is handicapped by lack of 

C A^- Co^d (Foiward) — A good forward who promises well. Should piactise 

dnbbling and use his feet moje. 

Association Football Club. 

Cfl^/dMf— H. H. H. Hockey. Hon, Sec,—^. Booker. 

The results this term have been very disappointing, and, as 
bappened last year^ the team has gradually falUn off towards the 
end of the season. We hoped to have the regular assistance of 
our Captain aftt-r Christmas, but he was only able to play once, 
9.nd was very unfortunate in having to stand out of the Inter- 
University match owing to his knee. 

We have lost all the four League matches played, and thus 
finish up nearly at the hoitom of the First Division. We visited 
Worcester College, Oxford, and were defeated by 3 — o. 

Colours have been awarded to R. Sterndale-Bennetc, H. D. 
Wakely, B. T. Watts, and W. Coop. 

Towards the end of the term the 2nd XI contested the right 
of pliying in the 3rd Division of the League with Caius II, but 
plajing much below their form, they were easily beaten. 
The following is a list of matches : 

League Matches. 
flayed. Won. Lost, Xy*awn, 

4........ ..o 4.. o 

Other Matches. 

5 2 .3 o 

♦Christ's Lost 2 3, 

Clare Lost o.. ..3 

Emmanuel Won ,3 ... .0 

•Caius Lost 2.... 4 

Pembroke Lost 0....1 

♦Jesus,. Lost O.. ..4 

Christ's Won 2....0 

♦Pembroke Lost I .... S 

Worcester (Oxford) . . . .Lost O. . . -3, 

♦ penotes League Match. 

Our Chroniclt. 269 


JF. TV. ArgyU — Has good control of the ball and. passes well, but his tackling 
might with advantage be harder.^ 

M, BocAtr—Has been of inestiipable v^lue to tl^e team at back : he kicks and 
tacklcH well, and his pace is very useful. Has unfortunately been unable 
\o play ill twu places at the same tliue. His goal-getiiii|; puweis have- 
been greatly missed. 

W'' Coop^rCenirts well, but not quite hard eoougl^. His mid-field play ia. 
weak — woiks hard. 

S, £. Fryer — Is very fa^t and has good control of the ball. Centres, 
excellently, but is rather ^oo selfish. Has been very useful to the side. 

£. H, Gaze — Does a lot of very good and useful work, but allows his outside, 
to get away too much, i:* eeds his forwards well. 

J5f. a, H, Hockey (Cs^pt.) — Unfortunately has been unable to play in only one 
match owing to ^n injured kn^e. His s^i vices, ai back.hav.e been greatly., 

Sj^ Johnston — Works very hard, and has an excellent knowledge of the game., 
Hi'^ passes to his forwards are apt to fall short,. Is a very good shot, 
but has not had maiiy opportunities of shooting. 

iBl S. Prideaux—'Wor'ks hard and is very plucky. Wanders too much.. 
Must lea;n to pass on the ground Has scored several very good goals, 
but is too fond of shooting at long range. 

P^ C, Sands — Has been, (he most consistent. an4. usefpl forward,. Diibbles, 
and shoots well, ijad woiks very hard. 

JR SUrndaU- Bennett — Has not fulfilled expectations. Unfortunately suffers 
from nerves and hesitates too much. H« should not be afraid to leave 
bis goal. He handles long shou well, but is not quite quick enough ou 
bis feet. 

ff. D, Pf^akefy—Hzs showed great improvement.. Tackles very well and 
hard, and is a safe kick. 

Bi T. U^aUs^ls a powerful but not a safe kick. Can use his weight well on 
occasions, but too often dashes in and misses his man. Might work 
better with his halves instead of kicking up the field. 

Athletic Club^ 

Piesidefii—X, B^ Sleight. Hon, Sec.—VI, T. Ritchie. Committee— 
T. C. H. How, R. McC. Linnell, J. W. Linnell, T. Parnell, A. T. S. Hamilton, 
C, B. Xicehurst. Ex^Officio—K. Sanger (Capt. L.M.B.C.) 

The College sports took place at Fanner's on February 
5th and 6th, in splendid weather. The number of entries was 
much above the avera:>e, and the starters fair in number. 
Unfortunately in the first race A. B. Sleight strained his ihi-jh,. 
vvhich necessitated him taking no further part in the sportSi. 

270 Our Chronicle. 

On the first day were held :— 

loo Yards (Heats)— 

1st Heat->A. B. Slei^bt 1, J. R. Hill 2. 

and He,t4; «;,«-,J^""''l} .. L. J. P. Jolly ,.. 

Putting th^ Weight—VT. T. Ritchie, 30 /1. 4 ia., i ; S. Johnson 28 ft 3 in., 3, 

1^0 Yards Handicap (Heats) ^ 

1st Heat— N. I. Harding 5 yds. I, M. B, Checkland 7 yds. 2, 
2nd Hett— J. H. Bernard 2 yds. i, L. P. J. JoWy 4 yds. 2. 
3rd Heat— C. A. Cummins 5 yds. I, R. McC. Linnell 5 yds. 2. 
4ih Heat— S. Johnston 4 yds. i, J. R^ Hill 3 yds 2. 

High Jumps. Johnston, 5 ft. 1} in, i ; W. I. Harding, 5 ft. i in., 2. 
These two both tied at 5ft i|in., but on junipiiig it off next day 
S. Johnston jusl managed to win. ' 

120 Yards Hurdle Race—C. B. Ticehurst i, Vf. T. Ritchie 2. Time 
30 2-5 sees. This race was to have been run in heats, but so few compelitors 
<^me up to start that it was all ran in one heat. 

Oru Mile Race^T>. K;ingdon i, R. McC. Linnell 2^ I. Pamell 3. (Time 
4 min. 51 sees.) A very good field 0(9 started, aiid a very close race enftuedy 
lUngdon just winnipg by 4 ft. * 

Throwing the Hammer^VT, T. Ritchie, 72 ft. 4,in., L; C. B. Ticehmyt, 
58 ft. 9in., 2. 

Quarter Mile Race— J., J. P. Jolly I, J. H. B. Bernard 2.. Time 57 sees. 
twon by 3 yds.) 

Freshmen's Race (200 I5ini>)— J. R. HiU I, H. C. R»oic 2. Time 
2j 3-5 sees, (wop by 2 yds.) 

Second Day* 

The second day of thp sports turned ogt to be very fine, and, 
^s was expected froin the previo^is d^y/s result of heats, some 
splendid finishes were witnessed. 

In the Strang^s, Race, unfprtunately two men were left at 
the starting post, wiih tl}e resuU that not suqb a good race as was 
expected took pl^ace.. 

The events were ; 

Ipo Yards Race— J. H. B. Bernard i, S. Johnston 2. Tim^ 1 1 2-5 sees. 
A splendid race, Bernard just winning by 6 inch^. It wa9 unfortunate that 
A. B, Sleight could not take part. 

JLongyump—W' T. Ritchie, 18 ft. ijin. i ; H. C. Rose, 16 ft. 10 m. 2. 

Quarter Mile Handicap— J. H, B. Bernard, 6 yds., i : J. R. HjU, 
ip yds., 2. Time 55 2-5 sees. Bernard had no difficulty in parsing all the 
Qtliers and won by 6 yds. 

Half Mile-K, McC. Linnell i, T. Pamell 2, C. B. Ticehnrst 3. Hme 
2-min8. 12 sees. 

300 Yards Handicap— H, C. Rose, 8 yds., I ; L. J. P. JuUy^ 8 yds., a. 
Time 35 sec*.. 

Our Chronicle. J71 

ColUs^ Servants' Race (200 Yareb Handicap)— Twenty started. 
E. Dai by. scratch, I ; E. Free, 9 yds., 2. Time 23 3-5 sees. 

120 Yards Handicap (Final Heat)--L. J. P. Jolly. 4 yds.. I ; J. R. Hill, 
3 yds., 2. Won by 4 ft. ; W. I. Haiding being well up for 3rd place* time 
13 sees. 

Ihree MUes Handicap— "D, Kingdon, 200 yds., I ; R. McC. Lintiell, 
scraicht 2; T. Parnell, 150 yds., 3. Time 16 mins. 364-58605. Linnnell 
caught Kingdon at the end of the second mile, but the latter «r6nt away at 
the last lap and won by 50 yds. 

Strangers'" Race (1 20 Yards Handicapy-O, W. Mackrill, 4 yd8.» i; 
C. S. Duorly, 2} yds, 2. Time 12 3.5 sees. 

On Thursday, February 19th, Jesus College, Oxford, visited 
us, and very pleased we were to see them over here, and to 
return their hospitality of last year. Owing to a break-down in 
their train they arrived much later than was expected, so that 
the sports did not start till 3.30, which made rather a rush. 
Jesus started off by winning four events to our one, but by 
winning the following four events, we managed to win an 
excellent match by the odd event. It was hoped that A. B. 
Sleight's leg would have recovered, but although he ran in the 
too yards he was unable to extend himself fully, and in the long 
jump his leg gave way completely. 
The results of the events were : — 

100 Yatds Race—^. V. Sherlock (Jesus), I ; A. B. Sleight (St John's), 2. 
Time 11 1-5 sees. Getting a good start W. V. Sherlock won by 2 yds. 

One Mile—T>. Kingdon (St John's), i ; C. L. Richards (Jesus), 2 ; 
T. Beacall (St John's), 3. Time 5 mins. 25 sees. Won easily by 50 yds. 
which accounts for the rather poor time. 

120 Yards Hurdle Race—W. V. Sherlock (Jesus), I ; C. B. Ticehurst 
(St John's), 2. Won by 3 yds. Time 19 sees. 

Lang Yump—C, L. Pans (Jesus), i; W. T. Ritchie (St John's), 2. 
18 ft. 7^ in. Distance 19 ft. o^ in. 

Quarter Mile—'L. J. P. Jolly (St John's), I ; W. V. Sherlock (Jesus), 2. 
Time 56 sees. Bernard (St John's) took the lead till enteiing the straight, 
where Sherlock went to the front, but Jolly came up with a good sprint and 
won by 8 yds. 

High yump-S, Johnston (St John's), i ; J. C. H. How (St John'.-), 2, 
4 fl. 9 in. Height 5 fl. 

Half Mile— C. Pau« (Jcsn*;), I ; C. B. Ticehurst (St John's), 2. Time 
2 mins. 10 sees. Parnell led off, but Paus look the lead entering the straight, 
and, although Ticehurst made a splendid effort to catch him, eventually won 
by 4 yds. 

Putting the Weight— Vf, T. Ritchie (St John's), I ; V. A. Elliot (Jesus), 2, 
30 ft. 6^ in. Distance 32 ft. 

Two Miles— "K, McC. Linncll (St John's), i ; T. Parnell (St John's), 2. 
Time 10 mins. 46 seen. Linncll, Parftell, and Kingdon soon drew ahead, 
Kingdon leading, but eventually diopping out when Liunell, taking things 
into hii own hands, won easily by 200 yds. 

173 Our Chronicle. 

Lacrosse Club. 

President— T>r MacAlister. Captain— V^. J. Hawkes. Hon. S€C, — ^F. 


The team is slronfifcr than last )*ear, but owing to the lack of 
praciice the combination is still weak. We have twice beaten 
Emmanuel, but lost to King's. In the latter match we were 
without the services of Chappie. We are still in the running 
for the Inter-collegiate Cup, having yet to play Clare, Trinity, 
and Caius. 

H. Chappie and W. Coop have been playing regularly for the 

The Team consists of the following :-^W. J- Hawkes, IT. 
Chappie, W. I. Harding. R. G. French, T. H. Porter, H. E. T. 
Dawes. A. B. Sleight. T. H. Robinson, G. C. Craggs, W. Coop, 
H. S. Prideaux, F. Harwood. 

Colours have been awarded to G. C. Craggs and W. Coop. 

Hockey Club. 

CVi///ii«— H. E. T. Dawes. Hon, 5>r.— S. Johnston. 

At the beginning of the season we were not so successful as 
was expected owinp to our inability to play a full team. In the 
Hockey League, which has been started for the first time this 
term, we commenced very badly, but at the latter end of the 
term we did much better, winning three matches in three 
consecutive days ; thus securing our position in the first 
division. We went to Oxford on February 28th and beat 
Hertford College by seven goals to three. Our congratulations 
are due to H. E. T. Dawes and W. I. Harding on receiving 
their half-blue. The following have received their colours; 
F. W. Allen, R. T. French, H. Lee, and T. H. Robinson. 

List of matches : 

Played 10. Won 6. Lost 3. Drawn i« 

Opponents. Result, Goals for. Goals agst* 

•Tiinity Lost.. .. .. . .3 5 

•Pembroke Drawn i i 

•Chiist's Lost I 6 

•Clare Lost.. o 13 

Sidney"A" Won 8 o 

Sidney Won 2.,.. 1 

Hertford Coll. Ox... Won 7 3 

•Christ's Won 6 3 

•Trinity Won 4 2 

•Clare .....Won i o 

Emmannel \ 
•Pembroke V to be played. 
Cuius ' 

• Denote League Matchef« 

Our CkronuU* ;i;3 

Ladt Maroarbt Boat Club. 

Prtsideni—^ H. K. Btfshe-Fox, TVvAw/vr— R. F. Scott. First Capf 
iam—H, Sanger. Second Captain—H. B. Carlyll. Hon, Sec.—K. 6. 
Fiean. Junior Treasurer^ G. C. E. Simpson. First Lent Captain — S. R. 
Brown. Second Lent Captain— R. R. Walker. 7hird Lent Captain—J. T. 
I^oole. AdditwmU Captain^]. £. f. Allen. 

The Lent Races were held rather later this }Qar,than usuali 
namely oh March 4, 5. 6, and 7. The weather during most of 
the practice was extremely propitious, some days being almost 
hot. A fortnight before the races, there was a spell of very 
rough and windy weather,, rendering long pieces of rowing 
alniost impossible. All three boats shewed good form and 
pace in practice. The first crew, were very heavy and able to 
row a fast stroke, and proved themselves to b^ one o( the best, 
boats we have had. for soijfie timp. The s^con(j boat improved^ 
a lot towards, the end .of practice, and. ro wed > very, hard and 
plucKily. in the races. The third boat did some fast times in 
Iraiuiiig, and though disheartened by their ill success on the 
first two nights bucked-up on the last two. As four more boats., 
were being put on the river an attempt was made to get on. 
a fourth boat. Consequently for the last thr^e weeks of practice 
an *• every other day *' boat was put oru coached in the early 
stages by S. R. Brown« and finally by S. H. Scott. But for. 
a mishap oa the fi/st.night of the " getting on " races they would 
undoubtedly have got on the river. Owing to a misunder^ 
standing, however, the boat ran into the bank in the first few^ 
strokes and lost about five lengths. They then rowed very hard 
and pluckily against the. wind, and .almost wiped off this defeat, 
losing to Clare IV. by half a length. On the next night they 
did not row so well, owing to the exerlions of the day,before» 
and lost to Queens* II. by a length. No mishaps of any kind 
occurred to the crews in training. No. 5 in the first boat was^ 
tmable to row a week before the races for two or three days, 
and fortunately recovjered in time for the races. 

The result is extremely satisfying. The first boat succeeded ' 
JU avenging the qverbump^of thr^e years oyerbumping 
Third Trinity and then going head of the river, a position nojj 
occupied by us since 1897. '^^^^ second boat is higher than it 
has been for tj^rpnty. years. The third boat is also .well up for, 
'Ha number. 

Fi'rsf Night, The third boat started across the river and got- 
their oars on the bank, and St Catharine's rowed by them, 
claiming the bump. 

The second boat got a good start and bumped King's I. at 

The first: boat got a bad start but gained slightly on Trinity 
Hall. The latter then buippcd Jesus L at tha willows, and th\jn, 


Our ChroHicld. 

the first boat, rowing hard and long, succeeded in gelling 
within their distance of Third Trinity I. at the railway bridge, 
find then, by a tremendous sprint, ovcrbumped them before the 
Pike and £el. 

Second Night. The third boat came right op on St Catharine's 
in the first minute, but then facing ofif were bumped by Clare 1I« 
9t Ditton. 

The second boat easily caught Peterhouse at post comer. 

The first boat did a lightning sprint after First Trinity, and 
overlapping them in the gut made the bump at grassy, thus 
putting themselves head of the river. 

Third Nighi. The third boat were hard pressed by Jesus II., 
but rowing very hard they kept away. 

The second boat had a hard race after Pembroke I., and 
though they pressed them all the way failed to make the bump. 

The first boat gained a length and half on First Trinity by 
Ditton, where the latter were bumped, leaving the first boat aa 
easy row oyer. 

Fourth Nighty The third boat sprinted on to Pembroke III. 
and caught them at post corner. 

The second boat ^gain pressed Pembroke I. when the latter 
bumped Emmanuel I., who had run into the bank. Trinity 
Hall II. then came after our second boat, and after a hard race 
bumped them at Ditton. 

The first boat gained on Trinity Hall I. up to Ditton. Down 
the long reach the latter got to within a length and maintained 
their position for the rest of the course, giving our boat a 
hard race. 

A Bump Supper was held in Lecture Room VI. on Saturday 
evening. March 7. About 120 were present. After the Supper 
there was a bonfire in the 2nd Court by permission of the 

The following are the names and weights of the three 
crews: — 

First Boat. 

St. lbs, 

J. ¥r:i%tx (how) 10 10 

9 G. Wilson ,.., 1010 

3 T.P.Allen 12 7 

4 H. G. Krean 12 lo 

5 V. M. Key worth 13 i 

6 J. S. Collins 12 4 

7 T. Parnell 10 9 

R. R. Walker (j/r</it^) .,.,10 o 
A. G. L. Hunt (f^jc) 7 11 

Ciwt-A-L, H. K. Bn»hc-Fo», 

Second Boat, 

St. lbs. 

J. Stokes (bow) 10 o 

2 £. Cunningham ID 3 

3 J. F. Spiuk II 6 

4J.N. Twyhir 11 9 

5 H. B. Jenkins 12 7 

6 J. C. H. How II 9 

7 M. Hentleison 11 2 

H. L. Claike {stroke) « 10 lO 

R. G. Wrijjhl (rax) 8 3 

Coach -'A. Sangct. 

Out Chronicle. <7j 

Third Boat. 

B. Met i vale (d^ lO ^ 

2 H; J. Wrenford . ; 9 lO 

3 H. Ci Rose II 3 

4 J. £. Sears •.;.... 12 9 

5E. W. Ainolt 12 5 

6 T. £. Hulme i 12 O 

7W.P.WheWon lO 8 

A. E. Cullen (str-oie) 10 4 

Z.N. Brooke {cox) ; S it 

CtwA— J. Ti Poole. 

Characlers of the Crews :-«• 

First Boat 

39W — Has improved greatly, but needs more life^ Has not yet learnt how td 
use bis legs. 

7wo — ^Has not yet learnt to get hold of the water, always does his best. 

Thrtc — Hat improved his swin^ and uses his legs more, but not enough yet. 

^wr— Improved greatly in practice, both in swing and \tg work, but must 
remember always to row the btiuke right outi 

Five — Has to leain to swing straight and use his weight, and not his arms. 
An bonest worker in practice) and rowed very pluckiJy in the races with 
a painful shoulUen 

Six — Rows hard and long, but mUst cover up his blade quicker. Rowed 
excellently in the races. 

Seven — Improved more than any member of the crew, rows hard and clean; 
Should swing his body further forward and not ovei-ieach. 

Stroke— ^^ made a well deserved reputation for himself as a racing strokei 
His power of keeping his crew going being very noticeable and praise- 
worthy. In practice while paddling is incliued to clip his finish, and to 
be unsteady. 

Cmt— Steered well in the races, is inclined to take his comers too soon* 

Second Boat, 

Sem^KM improved a good deal^ but should learn to get his blade covered 
quicker and his finish clean. 

TsM—Tries hard, but fails to use his legs* 

Three — ^Works hardi should learn to get his hands away and recover quickeTi 
and so have time to steady himself over the stretcher. 

/irtir— Works very hard indeed. Has improved very much, and when he has 
learnt to swing out more, and get into the water where he swings to* 
will be a very useful oar< 

/nv— Works hard while his blade is in the water^ but i9 very slow over the 
stretch and short. ' 

Six—HM improved a good deal but has not yet learnt to take hi| 
shoulder square hack at the fiuifth aud uae his Ui;% cveuly; 

^76 Our Chronic tin 

SiVtn^Trxtt hard, but does not seem to be able to control himself over the 
ftUetcher, should use his legs more all through the stroke. 

Stroke — Is very keen and always cheerful, and so keeps his crew keen. 
Stroked very "ueDi his only fault being his fabe finish. 

CoxSittxt^ well in the races, has improved as a cox very much since last 

7hltd Boat. 

^<w— Has made considerable improvement and rows hard, but still fails to 
gel a good beginning. 

7\p0— Tries hard, but never succeeds in keeping hit blade covered during the 
latter part of the stroke. 

7%r^^— Must learn to steady his swing more, and be light over the stretcher. 
Tries hard all through. 

Four—ShoxM swing much further forward, and use his legs at the finish. 

/<w— Has a neftt and useful style, but must learn to be more consistent io his 

5i>— Has shewn great improvement, and sometimes rows really well. 
Should cover up his blade more all thiough the stroke. 

Sevitt — Works hard and backed stroke up well, but is rather weak at the 

Stroke— Km a rather short swing, and is inclined to be impatieat with his 
crew. Stroked well in the races. 

Ojr— Steered very well during practice, and was especially good in the 

{From our own ComspondenL) 

By the kindness of the L.M.B.C. I was provided with a 
'Press* ticket to their annual non-smoking smoker. Having 
wended my way to Lecture Room IV on the night of February 26 
I found a large and select audience seated in luxurious easy- 
chairs (their own property). After some very apt remarks frocn 
the Chairman, Great Scott, and some introductory thumps on 
the piano by Bow, the "work*' of the evening was well 
commenced. The light four gave a pleasing exhibition of 
watermanship — the rhythm was good throughout this piece of 
paddling, but on the return journey stroke seemed to be rowing 
rather on his own. The next item was a vociferation by Mr 
Taylor, which was good. After this an imitation of nocturnal 
groans was given by Mr Spink as the Spook. This he gavo 
with most realistic and dramatic power, his make-up being 
especially good. On his way to the lecture room he is said to 
have frightened several ' bedders' and his shrieks broke several 
glasses. Mr Gregory was pleasing as an antidote doing 
especially good work among those *' who only stand and wait. 
Mr Wr)enford then sang some rather well-known selections. 
The seventh item had, I expected, some connection with the 
race course ; but I was wrong, it turned out a very good violin 
solo by Mr Rose. The ' Light Four * followed ^wiih another 

Otir ChronicU, 277^ 

grind ; we noticed that they kept the finish well together and 
all-through responded well to the cheers of the spectators. On 
the home journey however, •* three ** feathered under-water, 
George was good, his action being especially dramatic, but he 
should learn to sing in tune. Mr How was the feature of the 
evening ; his two musical sketches kept the audience in roars of 

Among those present were Rev F. Dyson, Mr Tanner, Mr 
Bikes, Mr. Bushey. 

The full programme is appended. 

L. M. B. C. 

Non-Smoking Smokbk» 

February 26, 1903. 

Last Gun at 8.15 p.m. 

Chairman - - Great Scott. 


I. "Crab" 

^y Bow. 
a. Exhibition by a Light Four . . • • 
Bmjo How 

2 Spink 

3 Wrenford 
Sir. Cunningham 

3. Vociferation . . " The Amateur Taylor " ♦ « 

By Orlando. 

4. Nocturnal Groans 

By the Spook. 

5. Antidote 

Powders by Gregory. 

6. Musical Exhortation 

By Redford^ 

7. Latest Scratchings 

••Dog Rose." 

84 A Ho(a)rse Grind 

By the Light Four. 
Bcfw How 

a Cunningham 
3 Wrenford 
Sir. Spink 


Our Chronicle, 

9. Rhapsody.. "McDougal's Sister" 
By Georgb. 

10. The Pip 

From the Tangerine Great» 

11. Boat Song 

N,B, The Committee do not hold themselves responsible 
for the mental vagaries of the Performers. 

How's YOUR POOR Feet? 

Try Mervyn's 


Greatest Triumph of the Age ! 

"The other day I could not 
walk, uotv I run with grace and 

Signed, M. H. 

Latest Novelty. 

Given away with a Penny Bottle 
of Beer, 


Extract from letter:-^ 

** I have found your penny eyeglass 
most usefuli it makes Tubbing 
a pleasure, and no child should 
be without one." 

S. H, S. 

P.S.—Since writing I have got 
several more. 


How TO Sketch, 
by YEN. 

The Art of Description, 

with Coloured Plates, 
by BOB. 

Why go to London? 

Wild West at Chesterton I 

Latest Attractions t ! 


Celebrated Broncho-Buster 

M. B. U. SHEY. 

Every Afternoon this brilliant 

horseman goes through 

the amazing performance of 

Riding a Buck-Jumpor across a 

Pontoon ! 


Our Chronicle. 279 

Lawn Tennis C(.uei. 

At a General Meeting held in Lecture Room VI. on 

8lh December, 19Q2, the following elections were made: 

President, Mr R. F. Scolt; Hon, Treasurer. Mr L. H. K, 

Bushe-Fox: Captain, H. E. T. D^wcs ; Comn{ittee, W. T^ 
Ritchie, F, W. Arg}'W, ^\ W. Allen, 

Chess Club. 

President— lA. W. H. Gunston. Vtce-Presideni—^, N. Beck^lt. Secre*^ 
fary — F. Lamplugh. Tfpeasttrer — D^ Kingdon. Commt'ttee-^L, J. P. Jolly,^ 
M. G. Sykes. 

Up to date we have played 3 matches, winning again&t 
Trinity Hall (5^— »i) and the Town (5^—3^). In the final of 
the yniversity Challenge Board Competition \Ye were beaten by 
Trinity (4 — i). Our second team plnyed one match against 
Trinity and were beaten by 6 games to 1. We must take the 
opportunity of congratulating G. Leaihem on b^ing chosgn to, 
play fojr thq 'Varsity against Q;cford,. 


•^G" Company 

C5i//fli«— K. C. Browning.. Lieutenant— M, Henderson. Second Lieu^ 
/^«a«/— J. N.Taylor (at tacbcil). CoL-Ser.geant—^ . H. Kennett. Sergeant 
— C. B. Ticehursl. Corporals-^. K. King, W. J Jones, E. A. C. Mai tell. 
Lance-Cot porals-T, N. Pah^Cfi, P. St. Jv B, Grigson, R. MpC. LiuuelL 
J. H. B. Fletcher. 

The strength of the Company is at present 77, including 
staff. It is hoped that many more freshmen will join the College 
Company, as on them depends the future existence of the 
Company. We understand that the Company will be merged 
with mt-n of other colleges unless the recruiting shews a marked 

The marching order inspection was held on Tuesday, 
March 10, in the Corn Exchange. This term there have been a 
number of instructive minor tactical exercises which were weH 
attended. On Saturday, March 14. there will be a large field- 
day at Hertford and we hope a strong Company will attend. 

There will be a camp (under canvas) at Aldershot in June. 
AH men who have not finished their shooting are requested to 
do so as soon as possible, as we lose points for the ** Efficiency 
Cup" if all the short range shooting is not finished thi3 term. 

28o Our ChroHuU. 

Classical Reading Societt. 

Prtsidint^Ttot Mayor, Vice-Piresidfnts^Mi E. R Silan, Mr.T. R,. 

The Society still- consists of seven members. Six meetings 
bave been held this term. The first throe evenings were 
devoted to Theophrastus, and the other three to Aristophanes* 
V Frogs.** Next term the Society proposes to begia with 
Horace's Satires. 

The Debating Societt. 

Pyesident—'lA. F. J. MpDonnell. Fice-P/esident—K. L. CUriie. TWa- 
S^rer—H H. Rosevcare. Secretary—}, B. D. Jocc. CommitUe—^. J. 
Hawkes, H. W. Harris. 

The Society continues to be in an, extremely flourishing 
condition. The subjects fo^ debMe have, as a rule, beea 
interesting ; attendances have been large and speakers numerous. 
The Soci?;ty has ^t last deserted Leqture Room VI. and 
exchanged its barn-like dreariness and vast echoing spaces for 
more comfortable quarters in Lecture Room I — a room which 
combines baronial stateliness with '^all the comforts of home,*' 
^ hotel advertisements put it. No longer need the Epicure go 
cofTeeless to Debate ; 'well-trained domestics dispense the 
enlivening liqui^, at moderate prices, on t^he ver^ threshold of 
Lecture Room U 

, The Visitors* Debate whiph topk pluce ortFqbruary 28th was 
a great success. Over 130 members and visitors were present; 
this being, we should imagine, a record attendance. 

We take tJiis opportunity of congratulating Mr J. C. Arnold 
(Ex-Pres.). Mr M. F. J. McDonnell (President), and Mr T. H. 
Robinson (Ex-Fres.) on their success at the Union. 

The following debates, were held this term : 

January i^th — ^The Hon. Secretary, Mr ]\ B; D. Joce moved) 
"That this House would welcome the institution of a Culinary 
Tripos." Mr T. H-. Robinson (Ex Pres.) opposed. There also, 
spoke: /&r the motion, Mr M. G. Reece, Mr J. E. P. Allen, 
Mr H. W. Harris, Mr L. V. Wilkinson. Mr H. H. Roseveare 
(Hon. Treas) ; against the motion, Mr A. E. Stansfield, Mr. H.K. 
Finch, Mr C. C. Carter, Mr. J. Fraser. The motion was carried, 
by 6 votes. 

Our ChromcU. 281 

January 31— Mr J. A. Cunningham moved "That the 
Proceedings in the Lynch Case were antiquated and absurd." 
Mr. H. H. Roseveare (Hon, Treas.) opposed. There also 
^\^V^ . for the motion, Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex Pres), Mr M. F. J. 
McDonnell (Prt-sident), Mr P. K. Sen; a^ainU Ihe motion, 
Mr W, Coop. Mr W. J. Hawkes, Mr F. C. Norbury, Mr G. S. 
Yeoh. Mr M. G, B. Reece, Mr F. H S. Grant. The motion was 
lost by 3 votes. 

February 7^Mt P. K. Sen (Ex-Treas ) moved "That this 
Houssj deplores the increasing tendency to Specialisation in this 
University." Mr Z. N. Bropke opposed. There also sp>ke: 
for the motion, Mr W. H. C. Sharp, Mr G. S. Ycoh, Mr, H. 
Edmonds, Mr P. Henderson; against the motion, Mr M. G. 
Sykes, Mr T. H. Robinson (Ex-Pres.). Mr J. E. Sears, 
Mr H. VV. Harris, Mr E. D. F. Canham. Mr F. H. S. Grant,^ 
Mr. G. S. Hardy, The motion. was lost by 2 votes. 

February 14 — Mr H. W. Harris moved "That this House, 
deplores the present system of Party Government." Mr E. A, 
Benians opposed the motion. There also spoke : for the motion, 
Mr H. K. Finch, Mr A. A. Mirza, Mr H. L. Clarke (Vice-Pres.). 
ajgainst the motion, Mr G. S. Yeoh, Mr F. H. S. Grant, Mr Z. N. 
Brooke, Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex-Pres ). Mr W. Barradell-Smilh, 
(Ex-Pres ), Mr J. E. Sears. The motion was lo§t by 9 votes. 

Fthruaty 21 — MrX. V. Wilkinson moved "That this Houfc. 
deplores the present excessive cultus of Athletics." Mr W. 
Barradell-Smith (Ex. Pres.) opposed. There also spoke : for 
ihe motion, Mr A. A. Mirza, Mr J. S. Coltins. Mr J. B. D. Joce 
(Hon. Seq.). Mr G. S. Yeob ; against the motion, Mr J. E. P. Allen, 
Mr P. K. Sen (Ex-Treas.) Mr A. E. Stansfield. Mr E. D. F. 
Canham, M> Z: N. Brook^ Mr H, Edmonds. Xhe motion was. 
carried by 3. vqtes^ 

February 28— Visitors* Night. Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex-Pres., 
Sec. Camb. Union Society) moved, " That the establishment of 
peasant proprietorship is the only remedy for the landquestion^ 
in Ireland." Mr F. E. Bray (Trinity) opposed. TherQ. also 
spoke: for the motion, Mr T. W. Russell (M.P. South Tyrone, 
Ex-Sec. Board pf Trade), Mr J. G. Gordon (Trinity, President 
Camb. Union Society); against the motion, Mr H. Burn 
Murdoch (Trinity), Mr J. A. Cunningham. The motion was 
carried by 72 votes. There were 132 members and visitors, 
present during the course of the Debate. 

VOL. XXIV". 0, 

282 Our Chronick 

Thbolooical Societv. 

Presidtnt^n, J. W. Wrenford B. A. Ex-Presidents—J . H. A. Hart M.A., 
F. W. Allen. 7reasurer—J, S. Collins. Secrttaty^'E, D. F. CJinba^j. 
fleeted on Cammii^e—K, L. Claike, J. F. Spiuk. 

The meetings have been held on Friday Evenings in the 
rooms of various members, the following Papers being read : 

Jan. 30—" The Songs of the Sei^ant of Jehovah," by the Rev Professor 

F^b. 6— "Missionary Apologetics,"^ by ll^e Rev H. L. C. Y- de Candole 
(Holy Trinity, Cambridge). 

,, 13— "Professor Ram Chundra of Delhi," by the Rev J. T. Ward. 

., 20—" Our Lord's use ojf the QJd Tc$tamc^t," ^>y the Rev R. H. Kcnnelt 

„ 27— "Essentials of the Chiistian Creed," by the Rev Canon F. J. 
Foakes- Jackson (Jesus). 

Mar. 6—" Fundamental Questions," by the Rev Professor Gwalkin. 

The College Mission. 

/'r<jii/»/— The Master. Vice-Presilents — Professor Mayor, Mr Muson, 
Mr Graves, Or Sandys. Committee ^ Senior Members — 'hit Cox, Mr Dyson, 
Dr Shore, Mr Tanner (Senior Secretary)^ Mr Ward, Dr Walson {Senior 
Treasure/), junior Members— ¥, W. Allen, G. Beiih. E. Booker, J. B. 
Garle-Browne {Junior Treasurer)^ H. L. Claike, J. S. Collins, B. L. Kirkness, 
W. T. Ritchie, C. A. L. Senior, J. F. Spink {Junior Secretary), E. R. 
WUkinson, H. J. W. AVrenford. 

The four vacancies on the committee have been filled up by 
the election of R. T. Bell, J. Frazer, R. Brownson, VV. G. Cheese, 
as the representatives of the first year. 

Rev C. Elsee (Junior Missioner) paid a vhit to the College 
at the beginning of February, and owing to the kindness of 
Mr Bikes and others was enabled to meet a good number of 
men whp will doubtless repair to, Walworth during the 
Vacation ! 

The "Shprt History" of the College Mi>>sion is now 
published. It is a very accurate and interesting account of ihe 
work of the Mission in Walworth since the first beginning was 
made in 1884, revised by Mr Elsee. All subscribers to the 
Mission will find this short history well worth reading. 
Copies may be obtained on application to the Senior or Junior 
Secretary. The book has Leen brought up to date and will, it 
is hoped, promote a deeper interest in the doing and welfare of 
the Mission. 

Our Chronicle. 283 

The Musical Society. 

Prgsident^Di Sandys. Treasurer ^'Kt^ A. J. Stetens. Hon. See. — 
J. F. Spink. Committee— H, H. Koseveare, G. C. Craggs, R. Turner. Ex* 
OJicio—Mr Rooiham. Ltbrarian^O. May, H. J. Wrcuford, J; C. H HoW| 
K. Stemdale Bennett; 

Practices of the chofus for the May Concert are held every 
Monday night duiing term. It is hoped that a few more tenors 
and basses will join the chorus, which, in numbers, is not quite 
up to that of 1902. 

So far this term only one Smoking Concert has taken place, 
owing to the training of the Lent Crews, viz., on Wednesday, 
February nth. 

PART 1. 

1 Pianoforte Solo << Scherzo " < . . • . Chopin 

R. D. Waller. 

2 SONO "To Anthea*' Hatton 

C. C. Carter. 

3 SoNO <* Love's Old Sweet Song*' MolUy 

G. Beith. 

4 *Crllo Solo < " La foi *' < Golterman 

£. O. Doughty (Christ's). 

5 SoNO «....'< All Souls' Day " Lassen 

R. Brownson. 

6 SozfO <« The Handy Man" SomervOU 



7 Vocal Quartkttb 

H. J. Wrewford, J. F. Spink, J. C. H. How, R. Turner. 

8 SONO..., , ** Sercnala" Mascagni 

H. J. Wrenford. 

284 Our Chronicle, 

9 Song "The Mermaid and the Tar** ,.Rose 

R. Turner. 

10 *Ckllo Solo «« Gavotte" Popper 

E. O. Doughty (Christ's). 

11 Song "Richaidaf Taunton Dene" MQlhy 

K. Brownson. 

12 Sketch " The Juvenile Party " Chevalier 

J. C. 11. How. 

God Save the King. 

Saturday Night Service. 

In the Ante-Chapel at 10 o'clock. 

Objects : — (i) Intercession for the Collegfe Mission ; (ii) Inter- 
cession for Foreign Missions ; (iii) Preparation for Holy 
Communion ; and kindred objects. 

CommiHee—Y, Watson D.D., J. T. Ward M.A., F* Dyson M.A.. 
C. A. L. Senior B.A , E. A. Benians B.A., W. H. Kennctt B.A., F. W. 
Allen. G. Beiih, E. D. F. Canham, H. L. Clarke, J. S. Collins, N. C. Pope, 
T. H. Robinson, J. F. Spink. 

The following is a list of the addresses during the current 
Term : 

Jan. 24 -Mr Ward. 

„ 31— Mr C. Elsee, Assistant College Missioner at Walworth. 

Feb. 7— Mr T. H. Dodson, Principal of St Paul's Missionary College at 
Borgh, formeily S.P.G. Missionary at Trichinopoly. 

^, 14— ^fr C. F. Andrews, FeUow and Lecturer of Pembroke College 

„ 21 — Dr Stanton, Ely Professor of Divinity. 

„ 28— Professor Mayor, President. 

Mar. 7— Service without address. 

Vitr Chronicle. 


New Subscribers to EagU MagoMine, contnUncing with No. 129. 

Arnott, E. W. 
Ashby. N. 
Baker, M. W. 
Balcomb, H. T G. 
Bell, R. E. T. 
Best. I. J. 
Brooke. Z. N. 
Browiison, R. D. D. D. 
Carter, C. C. 
Checklaud. M. B. 
Coad, C. N. 
Coop, W. 
Craggs, G. C. 
Crowlher, J. A. 
Cullen, A. £. 
Cuxnmins, C. A. 
Cullis, L. 
CutUng, £. M. 

Finch, H. K. 
Fraser, J. 
Glcdhill, W. G. 
Giecn, E. W. 
Hamilton, K. L. B. 
Hurdy, G. S. 
Harris. H. W. 
Hill, J. K. 
Kill me, T. E. 
Hyams. A. 
Jtmes, P. C. V. 
Khan, F. M. 
Kingdon, D. 
Knight, C. 
Koh, K. S. 
Lush, J. 
Mitchell. J. S. 
Moore, R. M. 

Mount joy, V. U. Ai 
Neill, N. C. 
Reddy, C. R. 
Rose, H. C. 
Rostron, S. 
Sears, J. E. 
Shannon, G. C. 
Sharp, W. H. Ci 
Stansfeld, A. E. 
Stanton, J. V. 
Sykes, M. G. 
Taylor, J. N. 
Templeinan, W. II. 
Thompson, H. K. 
Wilkins, W. G. 
Wilkinson, L. U. 
Withey, W. H. 
Ycoh, G. S. 


^ Thf asteriii denotes past or present Members of the ChUege: 

donations and Additions to the Library dilrirtg 
Quarter ending Christmas 1902. 



Syndics of the Cimb. Unit. 

The late Mr. R. Pcndlcbaiy. 

Dr. D. MacAlister. 

Macdonald (H. M;). Electric W.ivcs. (Adams 
Prize Essay). 8vo. Camb. 1902. 4.26. .. 

Froissart. Chronicle. Translated ont of 
French by Sir John Bourchier, Lord 
Bemers, annis 1523-25. Wiih an Intro- 
duction by W. P. Ker. Vol. V. (Tudor 
Translations). 8vo. Lond. igo2. 8.12.111.^ 

Alexander (T.) and Thomson (A. W.). Ele-S 
nientary Applied Mechanics. 8vo. Lond. 

1903. 3-4953 

♦Howard (A.). The general Treatment of 

Fungoid Pests (Imperial Department of 

Agric. for the West Indies^ Pamphlet 

Seiies, No. 17). 8vo. 1902 

Miers(H. A.). Mineralogy. An Introduction 

to the Scientific Study of Minerals. 8vo. 

Lond. 1902. 325.50. , 

Zittcl (fC. A. von). Text- Book of Palaeon- 
tology. Translated and edited by C. R. 

Eastman. Vol. II. 8vo. Loud. 1902. 


Mell (P. 11.) Biological laboratory Methods. 

8vo. New Vol k, 1902. 3.47.50 y 

Clement of Alexandiia, Miscellanies. Book 

VII. The Gieck Text with Introduction, , ^ ^ ^, 

Translaiwn, &c., by the late F. J. A. j- Prof. Joseph B. Mayor. 

Ilort and Joseph B. Mayor.* 8vo, 

Lond. 1902. 937.40. 

Lucas (L. A ). Twenty Epigrams. 8vo.) 

Biighton [1902]. 4.858 J 

Gidney (Rev. W. T.). The Jews and theii\ 

Evangelization. 8vo. J^ndon, 1 899. 


— At Home and Abroad : a Description of 

the English and Continental Missions of 

the London Society for Promoting Chris- 
tianity amongst the Jews. 8to. Ix>nd. 

1900. 9.22.29. 

— »> Sites and Scenes : a Description of the 

Oriental Missions of the London Society 

for Promoting Christianity amongst the 

Jews. 2 Pts. 8vo. Lond. 1899. 9 22.27.; 

The Author. 

Committee of the 
London S.P.CJ. 

The Library. 


EJinbargh Mathematical Society. Proceed-) 
ings. Vok. XiX., XX. 8vo. Loud. I 

1901.2. 6.7.32 ; j 

Smith (Samuel). My Life-W<iik. 8vo. Lond. [ 
1903. 11.21.42 ; 

WoixUworth (RL.Rev. John). The "Te' 
Deum," iis Structure and Meaning. 
S.P.C K.- 8vo. Lond. 1902. 11.19.59. 

*Jessopp(Aug.). Penny Histoiy ofiheChaich 
ol England. S.P.C.K. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 

•Whilworth (W. A.). The Sabbaih a De- 
light. S.P.C.K. 8vo. Lond. 1902. .. 

•Wilson (Ven. J. M.). Noi^s for One Year's 
Sunday School Lessons. Series I. 
S.P.C.K. 8vo. ^-ond. 1902. n. 15.34. 

Thompson (H. Yates). A Lecture on bome 
£nglish Illuminated Manusciipts. 8vo. 
Lond. 1902 

Mr. Scott. 

The Author. 

Professor Mayor. 

The Author. 


Acta Sanctorum, Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum : Novembiis. Edd. C;, 

de Smedt, J. de Backer, &c. fol. Bruxelles, 1902. 
Browne (G. B.). St. Catharine's College. (College Histories Spiies). 8to. 

Lond. 1902. 5.28.76. 
Cambridge Univeisity Examination Papers. Michaelmas Term 1901 to 

Easter Term 1902. Vol. XXXI. 4to. Camb. 1902. 6 4. 
Church Historical Society : — 

Gore (C). The Test of Theological and Ecclesiastical Development. 

8vo. Lond. 1901. 
Collins (W. £.). Typical English Churchmen from Parker to Maurice. 

^▼0. Lond. 1902. 
Mason (A. J.). Chiislianity — what is it ? 8vo. Lond. 1902. 
Legg (L. G. W.). Sug{'e>tioii» for the Recondtructiuu of the Coronation 

Ceremonies. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 
Lacey (T. A.). The Use and Abuse of isolated Facts in Controversy. 

8vo. Lond. 1902. 
Ball (T. I.). The Koyal Supremacy over the Church of France at the 
time of the Great Revolution, 1789. 8vo. Lond. 1902 
Dictionary (New Ent>liKh) on historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H. 

Murray. Q. By W. A. Cr.dgie. 4to. Oxford, 1902. 
Egypt Exploration Fund, Graeco-Koman Branch. Tlie Tebtunis Papyri, 
Edited by B. P. Gienfell, A. S. Hunt, and J. G. Stnyly. 410. Lond. 
1902. 9.15. 
Encyclopaedia Biitannrca. 9th Edition. Vols. XXX., XXXI. 4to. 

Edin. 1902. 4.2.31, 32. 
Gray (Arthur). Jesus College. (College Histories Series). 8vo. Lond. 

1902. 5.28.75. 
Henry BracUhaw Society. Vol. XXIII. Customary of the Benedictine 
Monasteries of Saini Au}^ustine, Canterbuiy, and Saint Peter, West- 
minster. Edited b> Sir E. M. Thompson. Vol. I. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 
Historical MSS. Commission. Calendar of the MSS. preserved at Hatfield 

H(>u^e, Hertfordshire. PaitlX. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 
— — Crdemiar of the MSS. of the Marquess of Onnonde. New Seiies. 

Vol. I. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 
Maiiland (F. W.) and Baieson (Mary). The Charters of the Boiough of 
Cambridge. 8vo. Camb. 1901. 5 35 4^- 

28a The Library. 

Minerva. Jahibtick der gelchrten "Vyelt. Herau^fr. Yon Di. K. Triiboer* 

I2er Jahr};aii|>, I902-1905. 8vo. Stia«>sbi)r}!, iqoj. 
Neale (C. M.). An Honouis Rejiister of the Uuiversiiy of Canibik1|!e from 

llie ycHi; 1246; wiih Notes, Refeteuces, and A])()endices. i*art II. 

Sm. 410. Lond. 1902. 
^linius (C. C. Secun<lu>). Epistiilanim Lihri NoTenti. Epvitulanim ad 

Traiaiium Liber Pa^negyticus. Reco^. C. F. W. Mueller. TtubtUr 

Text. 8vn. Li|)siae, 1903. 
l^ogers (J. E. T.). A History of Agriculture and Piices in Eosland. Vol. VII. 

Paris I. an'a II. 1 703- 1 793. 8vo. Oxford, 1902. 1.36.37,38. 
^olU Series. Calendar of (be Patent Rolls piQserved in the PuMic Record 

Office. Ricbard II. Vol. IV. A.D. 1388-1392. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 

Calendar of Entries in tbe Papal Registers relating to Great Biilain, and 

Ii eland. Papal Letters. Vol. IV. A.. D. 1362-1404. Prepared by VV. H. 

Bliss and J. A. Twemlow. 8vo. Lond.' 1902. 5.40. 
Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record 0$ce. 

Edward III. Vol. VI. A D. 1341-1343. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 5.40. 
Seneca. Tra^oediae. Recens. R. Pciper et G,. Richter. leuhner "texi. 

8vb. Lipsiac*, 1902. 
Seivius Graminaticus. In Vergilii Carmina Commentarit. Recens. G. Tbilo 

et H. Hagen. Vol. III. Fasc. ii. 8vo. Lipsiac, 1 902. 
^hefriuiUH Lin};uae Latinae. Vol. I. Fasc. v. Ae^^eus— alfectudsus. 4I0., 1.902. 
Thucydides. Historiae. Recens. C. Hude. Vol. I. Libri i-iv. Ediiio 

minor. Teubner Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1903. 
yk^hitaker's Almanack for 1903. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 

Easter Term 1903. 


(Continued from p, I "jtj . 

I HE documents which follow relate to a 
somewhat pathetic incident in the history 
of the College. Charles Brandon, created 
Duke of Suffolk by King Henry VUI in 
1514, was a nobleman of great power in his day. He 
was married no less than four times. His third wife 
was Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII, by whom he 
had one son who died in his father's life-time. His 
fourth wife was Katharine, only child of William, Lord 
Willoughby d'Eresby, and Baroness Willoughby 
d'Eresby in her own right. By her he had two sons : 
Henry Brandon, born 6 September 1537, and Charles 
Brandon- 10 March 1539. The eldest on the death of 
his father in 1548 succeeded to the Dukedom, and was 
bearer of the Orb at the Coronation of King Edward VI. 
Both lads entered St John's and the eldest son was 
created an MA. in 1551 in his fourteenth year. While 
they were at Cambridge the "sweating sickness" broke 
out. Their mother, who seems to have been residing in 
Cambridge, at once removed the lads to the palace of 
the Bishop of Lincoln at Buckden, Hunts. But 
immediately after their arrival they were attacked by 
the fatal complaint. The elder died within five hours, 

2 go Notes from ihe College Records. 

and the younger survived his brother by half an hour 
only. Their high station seemed to add to the sadness 
of so early a death. Their Tutor, Mr Thomas Wilson, 
a Fellow of the College, afterwards Dean of Worcester, 
wrote an account of his pupils, and verses to their 
memory were published by the leading scholars both of 
Oxford and Cambridge. From these sources we learn 
that the young Dukes (who be it remembered were 
aged but 14 and 12 respectively) were skilled in Latin, 
Greek, French and Italian ; had a knowledge of 
cosmography; were well read in law and history; 
fond of music and drawing, and delighted in the 
conversation of the learned. We need not enquire too 
Critically into the truth of such statements, the early 
death of " The two Dukes of Suffolk " appeals to us as 
it did to their contemporaries. 

Their bereaved mother determined to perpetuate the 
memory of her sons in the College. This she did 
in a somewhat peculiar way. She gave a farm called 
•*Saxmundhams, sometime Alexander Woode's " to 
one Robert Colville of Much Glemham, Suffolk. The 
original deed of gift (dated 11 May, 6 Edward VI, 
i.e. 1553), signed by Colville is in the possession of the 
College. The land was given to Colville outright, 
but he covenanted to pay to St John's College at 
Michaelmas in each year the sum of;^6 13J. 4^/., "for 
the exhibition of four poor scholars." The College 
was to have the right of distress if the rent-charge was 
unpaid and there was to be a forfeiture to the College 
of an equal sum if the rent-charge were unpaid for 
zo days. 

Nothing is said in the deed itself as to the manner of 
choosing the recipients ; it will appear in what follows 
that during her life the Duchess certainly nominated 
some of the holders. Further that some of these at 
least held the benefaction with their Fellowships. In 
1553 the Duchess married Mr Richard Bertie. During 
the reign of Queen Mary the Duchess and her husband 

Notes from the College Records, iqi 

had to fly from England and sousrht refuge in Poland, 
where they were treated with great consideration. 
They returned to England when Elizabeth came to the 
throne. The Duchess of Suffolk died ig December 1580 
and Mr Bertie 9 April 1582. Their son Peregrine 
Bertie, born in the Duchy of Cleves, was naturalised by 
patent and Queen Elizabeth and her ministers revived 
in his favour the ancient barony of Willoughby. 

Three letters from the Duchess have been preserved. 
They are in her own handwriting, which is very 
crabbed. These follow. Christopher Webbes, whom 
she nominates in her first letter, was then a Fellow of 
the College. He was a Kentish man, and was admitted 
Fellow 10 April 1568 on the nomination of the Bishop 
of Ely. He held various college offices, being Junior 
Dean in 1575; Junior Bursar in 1576; Senior Bursar 
1578-9 and Senior Dean in 158c. He became Rector 
of St Michael, Crooked Lane, in the City of London in 
1581, apparently ceding this in 1587 when he became 
Rector of Milstead in Kent, holding that benefice 
till 1595. 

After mie verie harlie commendacions. These are to require 
you to pennit and suffer to enioye this bearer, Christopher 
Webbs, fellow of youre house, that exhibition of our gifte with 
you. which of late Mr Keyes enioyed and now is voide by the 
departing of the same person from your Colledge, herein if you 
satisfie oure requeste with spede ye shall do well. At Barbican 
the xxviijth of August, anno 1571 

your assured 

Katharine Suffoulk. 

Addressed: To mie verie frendes ye Master and Seniors of 
St Johannis Colledg in Cambridge geue these. 

indorsed: Dutchesse of Suffolkes letter about her gift. 

I thank you vere harltele for your losenges as also for yonr 
advertesaie for me poor skoller and lykewyes I thanke the 

2gt NoUs from the College Records. 

master off Scnct Jones for his corttesse that he is so ryde to 
heipe me poor skoller into the exsebetion off me layde 
Margaretes, wherein I thenke me selffe grettely beholding to 
him, but thes methenkes is bothe connshens and ressonne, 
speshely seing I gave it onle for the helpe off poor skolers ; 
that those that be benyfesede and otherwyes wel able to lyve 
shold not desere to slay that smal helpe from such as nydethe it 
to helpe them to followe the others in lernyng. Therefor I 
requyre thatt non suche may kepe me skoler any longer from 
that poore exebetion. Thus for vere haste with me harte 
commendacions to your selfe and to your wyffe as vnknowen 
and to the master of Sent Jones I commilte yon al to God this 
xxviijth off november 

your vere assured frende 


Addressed: To my very frynd Mr Doctor Hacher this be 

Good Mr Hacher as you knowe well that aponne the grette 
love that I bare to Senct Joyneses for that me sonnes, howe 
Testes nowe with God, was skolers ther, I gave to that skoly 
XX nobeles a ye re towardes the exsebetion of iiij skolers. The 
profett of the skolership to be in mye and me ayers, wyche as I 
vnderstond is not yett confermed to vs. but tho I was somewat 
haste to graunt the on not being asured ageyne off the other 
wherein I onle trusted in you that you wold either have sene it 
done. Wyche iff I resave not from them or thes nyxt terrae 
they wol drive me to seke me londe agayne, wyche I dought not 
to recovere seing they have not performed ther coueneiites and 
nowe I heir they do not steke al rede to bryke ther couenauntes 
prefaring hom they ihinke good to prefare to it without makeng 
me preve to it, wyche is nyiher cortesse nor honyste. And 
therfor for avoyding off suche fooly playe I calle the hastelyer for 
the performens off ther promes to me, as 1 have performed meyn 
to them, in that condeshen and therefor that I may not be so 
abussed I send thes barer to injoye the laste scolership that fely 
or the nyxt that shall fawle But onlese I be then better playsede 
to resave from them ther asurens as wel for me and me ayers 
after me to have it as me mynnynge was I wol not only exspely 
suche as they have plased, but calle in agayne me proffett. 

Notes from the College Records, 293 

Wherefor I pray you acording to the trust I have commeted ther 
in to you and according to that me faytheful and true deling 
lytte me without forder troble or brabling resave ther asurens 
for me and me ayers to have the profett theroff, and lytte it be 
sent me up be some suer and honyst mane owt off hande and in 
that condeihen with me vere harte commendacions I pray God 
be with you. From Hampsted this xvijth off may 

your verc'frend if you 
performe thes 


Addressed: To me vere frend Mr Doctor Hacher at Cambryche. 

On the back is written : 

Anno domini 15771 30® Octobris. 

Syr, I thynke you shall do well to consyder depelie of this 
my Lady, her grace's, letter, in the which I am much blamid as 
well as yow of your College to whom it appertayneth. Trewlie 
for so much as her grace wolde so fayne have this poore scholer 
preferrid to her exhibition. His poor father hath been at greate 
charges by often journeys, and his sonne his charges here. You 
shall doo well to place him in a schollership, that he may have 
somethyng to leane to, while her grace's exhibition falleth. 

your assured commawndment 
J. Hatcher 
of Cambridge. 

John Hatcher to whom the second and third letters 
are addressed was a Surrey man admitted Fellow in 
1534. It is not very clear what the grievance of the 
Duchess was. Perhaps, as we shall learn presently, 
this was one of the occasions on which the rent- charge 
had not been punctually paid to the College. The 
following letter from Anthony Penninge points to some 
delay in payment. 

Good Mr Alvey I have smale reason to require any favour 
either of your selfe or of the Col ledge haveinge soe farre 
eversett my selfe in giveinge creditt to my cosen Colvyle's 
speches of whom trewlye by experience I maye reporte respectes 

294 Notes from the Coltege Records. 

nether his owne good nor his frendes creditt, this bearer my 
man can ceriifie you howe ill he have delle with me and how 
cerleynlye he informed me of the discharge of your bond at 
Slurbrige fayer for the annuiiye he was bound to me to 
discharge itt, and because I would be suer as I thoughte to 
have itt payde I was contented to be a loser in a bargayne 
betwixt him and me, as this bearer can report. I have sentt yoa 
the 20 nobles payable att michaelmas last, the which I praye 
accept and yett if the forfiture be taken I cannott condenae 
the Colh^dge of severytye for securytye for the rest of your 
money dew by my cosen Colvyle. I assuer you I have beyn 
often in hand with him for itt, but I perseave my selfe vniill 
extremitye be vsed he will performe nothirige And thus hartylye 
thankinge you for wrightinge vnlo me soe kyndlye with my very 
harty commendations I leave you to the grace and favour of 
God. Ipswich this 15th of November 1577 

your very lovinge frende 
Antho: Pennynge. 

Addressed: To the worsliipfull his very loving ffrindc 
Mr Alvey at Ste Johns CoUedge in Cambridge geue these. 

The Mr Alvey to whom this letter was addressed 
was probabl)'' Richard Alvey, admitted Fellow of 
the College in 1537 or 1538; sometime Rector of 
Thorington in the gift of the College, afterwards a 
Canon of Westminster and Master of the Temple. 

The rent-charge seems to have been paid to the 
College until the 23rd year of Elizabeth (1580-1) when 
payment was refused. The College then commenced 
a suit in Chancery against Anthony Penninge and 
Thomas Colville, who owned or had owned the land 
subject to the charge. Pedigrees of the Colvilles of 
Parham and of the Penninges of Kettleborough appear 
in Metcalfe's Visitation of Suffolk, The Bill of 
Complaint of the College has not been preserved, but 
its tenor may be gleaned from the Answer of Thomas 
Colville if we remember that after telling his own story he 
proceeds to traverse or deny each allegation of the 

Notes from the Coliege Recants. 295 

College. Edmund Warner, who signs the Answer was 
no doubt the Edmund Warner '*of Framlingham 
Suffolk and late of Clement's Inn, gentleman" who was 
admitted to the Inner Temple 3 July 1582, and was 
called to the Bar 11 February 1592-3.. 

The aunswer of Thomas Colvyle gentleman defendaiint 
to the Bill of Complaint of William Whitakcrs, Doctor 
in dyvynitie, Master of tiie Colledge of St Joim the 
Evangeliste in the vniucrsitie of Cambridge and the 
fellowes and schoUcrs of the same Colledge. 

The said defendaunt by protestacion not acl^nowlcdginge or 
confessinge anylhinge in the said comphiynauntes Bill of 
Complaint to be true, and the matters therein conteyned for the 
most p.irte devysed. ymagined and sett forth, on purpose as 
this defendaunt verelye thinkethe. to put this defendaunt to 
vniustc chardges and expences in this honorable Court, without 
any iuste caqse, The exceptions to the incertentie and 
insufficiency thereof to this defendaunt att all tymes hereafter 
saved, the said defendaunt for further aunswere thereunto 
sayeth that he thinketh yt to be true that the Right honorable 
the Ladye Katherine late duches of Suffolk was about the fifte 
or sixte yere of the Raigne of the late King Edward the Sixte 
lawfullye seysed in her demesne as of ifee of and in one messuage 
called Saxmondhams withe dyverse landes, pastures, woodes 
and underwoodes thereunto belonginge lyinge within the 
Townes and fieldes of Glemham in the Countye of Suffolk. 
And so standing© seised the s^id duches callinge to remem- 
braunce the dutyfull and longe service which the said Robert 
Colvyle in the said Bill of Complaint mencioned had before 
done vnto the said duchesse, the said duchesse beinge of a 
noble and bountifull disposicion did as this deffendaunt verelye 
thinketh in consideracion thereof and of some other good and 
reasonable consideracions of her mere gratuitye, about the tyme 
in the said Bill mencioned by good conveyaunce and assuraunce 
in lawe, as this defendant verelye thiukelh, convey and assure 
the said messuage, fferme and premisses with the appurtenaunces 
vnto the said Robert Colvyle his heires and assignes for ever. 
By vertue whereof the said Robert Colvyle, as this deffeadaunt 

2g6 Notes from the College Records. 

verelye thinketh into the said messuage, fferme and premisses 
with the appurtenaunces entered and was thereof seysed in his 
demesne as of ffee. And helde and eniojed the said messuages, 
farme and premisses duringe and by all the terme of his lief, as 
this deffendaunt hathe credyblye hearde, whithout payinge of 
any suche yerelye rent or pencion of sixe pounds thirtene 
shillinges and fower pence in the said Bill of Complaynt. 
mencioned to the said Masters, fellowes and schollers and their 
successors. And soe dyed thereof seysed. By and after whose 
decease the said messuage, farme and premisses, with the 
appurtenaunces did dyscend and come to Anne Colvyle the 
daughter and heyre of the said Robert, whiche said Anne dyd 
afterwardes marrye and take to husband one ffrauncys Wolffe 
gentleman, whoe by their good and sufficient assuraunce and 
conveyaunce in lawe did bargayne and sell the said premisses to 
Thomas Colvyle this deffendauntes father in the said Bill 
mencioned. By virtue whereof the said Thomas Colvyle into 
the said premysses entered and was thereof seysed in his 
demeasne as of fee. Whoe being as this deffendaunt thinketh 
a man vnlearned and not skylfull in the common lawes of this 
Realme and not knowinge howe and in what sorte the said 
messuage, ferme and premisses with their appurtenaunces were 
gyven by the saide duchesse vnto the said Robert, might for 
want of good counsell takinge or for some other other cause 
betwene the duchesse and the said Thomas, beinge likewyse 
her servaunt paye vnto the said Master fellowes and Schollers 
suche a pencyon as ys in the said bill of Complaint mencioned. 
But this deffendaunt saithe that for soe muche as the said 
Thomas Colvyle, this deffendauntes father, dyed longe agoe 
leavinge this deffendaunt within age, whoe by his laste wyll 
and testament in writinge did %'^y^ vnto this deffendaunt and 
his hey res the said messuage farme and premisses withe the 
appurtenaunces. And soe beinge within age and very yonge 
doe not knowe or remember what this deffendauntes father did 
about or concernynge the payinge of the said pencion. And 
this deffendaunt saythe that longe tyme before the said Bill 
exhibyted this deffendaunt haue for good consideracion soulde 
and conveyed awaye by his sufficyent conveyaunce and 
assurance in lawe the said mesuage, farme and premisses and 
the said deedes, evydences and writinges and haue thereby 
covenaunted to delyver the same. And this deffendaunt sayeth 

Noies/rom the College Records. 297 

that he haae not onelye del^'uered vnlo the nowe owner thereof 
all the deedes evydences and writinges concernynge the said 
premisses wliich were made by the said duchesse vnto the said 
Robert and did come vnto the handes of this deffendaunt, but 
also all other evydences and writinges concernynge the said 
premisses before the ezhibytinge of the said Bill. By reason 
whereof this diffendaunt not havinge the said evydences doth 
not cerlenlye remember any suche graunte of the said pencion as 
ys in the said Bill mencioned. And this deffendaunt also 
sayeth that sithence the deathe of his said father he this 
deffendaunt hath not payed the said pencion to the said Masters 
fellowes and Schollers neyther was the said pencion demannded 
of this deffendaunt vntyll about a yere and haulfe nowe paste. 
And this deffendaunt thinketh that by the Common lawes of 
this Realme he ys not compelleable to paye the said pencion 
and arrearages. And yf this defendent be not compelleable by 
the Common lawes of this Realme to pay the same pencion and 
arrearages he thinketh that in equytye he ys not compelleable 
to pay the same pencion or the arrearages thereof as he hathe 
byne advysed by his learned counsellor in the lawe, for that 
this dtffcndauntes father did purchase the said premisses. as 
aforesaid, And this deffendaunt hathe soulde the same as afore 
said Without that the said duchesse being vertuouslye and 
godlye disposed and willinge to advaunce lernynge and to 
meyntt-yne some poore Schollers forever in the said Colledge 
whereunto her gracious affecion was greate in respect she had 
twoo Sonnes of the same house beinge booth Dukes of Suffolk 
to this deffendants knowledge, Or that the said duchesse about 
the said fyfte or sixle yeare of the said King Edward the Sixte 
did convey and assure vnto the said Robert Colvyle and his 
heirs forever the said mesuage, ferme and premisses with the 
appurtenaunces to the intent and purpose that the said Robert 
Colvyle his heyres and assigns shoulde yerelye forever content 
and pay one ycarlye rent or pencion of sixe poundes thirtene 
shillinges and fower pence to the s;iid Masters fellowes and 
schollers and their successors forever to this deffendauntes 
knowledge, Or that the said duchesse reslinge whollye vppon 
the fidelitye and sincerytye in the said Colvyle conceaved as 
well for the assuringe thereof as for the payment of the same 
yerelye for ever, Or that the said mesuage or feat me was 
conveyed and assured vppon noe other cause or consideracion, 
VOL. XXIV. g g 

2g8 Notes from the College Records. 

for this defTendaunt sayeth that he hath credyblye heard that 
the said Robert Colvyle had in the time of his longe servyce 
withe the duchesse spent his own landes and inherytance and 
that thereuppon the said duchesse beynge graciouslye moved 
did convey vnto the said Robert Colvyle and his heyres forever 
the said landes and tenementes, Or that the said yearelye rent 
or pencion was dewlye aunswered and payed to the said 
Colledge by the space of thirtye yeres together or as longe as 
the saide duchesse lyved to this defifendauntes knowledge. Or 
that fower poore Schollers were thereby yerelye releaved to this 
deffendauntes knowledge. Or that not longe before her deathe 
the said duchesse callinge to mynd her guifte amongest some 
other of her honorable and godlye accions deepelye chardged 
the now Right lionorable the Lord Wylloughbye her son and 
heyre to see her good meanynge performed to this deffendauntes 
knowledge. Or that a ctrten somme of money shoulde be 
forfeited to the said Master fellowes and Schollers in the name 
of a payne for every default that shoulde be made in the 
payment thereof, ffor this defTendaunt sayeth that he hathe 
heretofore 'hearde the deede reade which was made by the 
said duchesse to the said Robert Colvyle and ys assuredlye 
perswaded in his conscience there ys noe such sentence, clause, 
or matter therein conteyned, Or that there ys any such clause 
conteyned in the said deede that the said Master fellowes and 
Schollers shoulde haue power to dystrayne vppon the said 
mesuage and fearme and other the premisses as well for the 
said yearlye rent or pencion with the arrearages thereof yf any 
were and also for the said somme of money forfeited nomine 
pent as aforesaid to this deffendauntes knowledge, Or that this 
deffendaunt to his knowledge hathe gotten into his custodye all 
the writinges and conveyaunces made by the said duchesse vnto 
the said Robert Colv)le by reason the said Robert was her 
servaunt whereby yt might fullye appeare vppon what con- 
dicions or consideiarions the same mesuage and fearme was 
conveyed and what provysyon or assurance there ys for the 
true payment of the said sixe poundes thirtene shillinges and 
fower pence otherwyse then ys lawfull for this deffendaunt in 
all lawe equitye and good conscyence to doe, Or that this 
deffendaunt hath for the space of thirtene yeares nowe last 
paste and yet doeth mrst wrongfully and iniuriouslyc refuse to 
make payment of the said yearlye rent or pencion otherwyse 

Notes from the College Records. 299 

then by lawe this deffendaunt tnay well maynteine and iuslifye, 
Or that any other matter or thinge in the said complaynauntes 
bill of complaint materyall or eifectuall in lawe to be aunswered 
vnto and herein not sufficiently confessed and avoyded trauersed 
or denyed ys true All which matters this defendant ys readye to 
averr etc, 

£dm. Waknsr. 
Endorsed: Colvile's first Answer. 

The evidence in support of the College case has been 
preserved. Interrogatories were administered to the 
witnesses who replied on oath. The following evidence 
was taken before Otho NichoUson, examiner in Chancery 
in 1595, probably in London. 

Henry Hickman was admitted a Fellow of the 
College 6 April 157 1. He was Senior Bursar in 1585 
and again in 1588. He was appointed Vicar General 
of the Bishop of Peterborough 2 October 1587. 

William Barnesdale, or Baronsdale, was admitted a 
Fellow on the nomination of the Bishop of Ely in 1556. 
He was Senior Bursar in 1561 and was President of the 
Royal College of Physicians from 1589 to i6oo. 

Richard Smith was admitted a Fellow 8 April 1557 ; 
he was President of the College of Physicians from 1586 
to 1589. 

Incidentally it may be remarked that at this time 
three successive Presidents of the College of Physicians 
were members of St John's : Richard Smith from 1586 
to 1589; William Baronsdale* from 1589 to 1600; and 
William Gilbert (author of De Magnele) from 1600 to 

Interrogatories to be mynistred on the parte and 
behalfe of William Whitakercs, doctor of devinitye» 
Master of the Colledge of St John the Evangelist 
in the vniversilye of Cambridg and the fellowes and 
scholers of the same Colledge Complainantes, agaynst 
Anthonye Pennynge gent, defendant. 
Imprimis Whether do you knowe or have credibly- heard 
that the Right honorable the Ladye Katheryn late dulchesse 

300 Notes from the Collegi Records. 

of Suffolk dyd lymytt appoynt gyve or assure lo the Mayster 
ffellowes and scholers of the Colledge of St John the Evangelyst 
in the vnyversitye of Cambrydge A yearly Rent pencian or 
stypend of syx poundes thirtene shillinges foure pence towards 
the releyfe and mainlenaunce of certeyn scholers for ever 
iKfithin the sayd Colledge And yf you have soe heard wheather doe 
you thinke yt to be true and what moveth you so to thinke ? 

2. liem what landes tenements or heredytamentes dyd the 
sayd dutches lymmytt assigne or appoynt should be chargeable 
with the payment of the sayd yearely rent pencion or stypend, 
and to whom dyd the late dutches convey or assure the sayd. 
landes tenementes or heredytamentes, and who were the owners 
or occupyers thereof durynge the lyfe tyme of the said dutches 
to your knowledge or as you have heard ? 

3. Item whether dyd one Robert Colvyle or his heires or 
assignes or some other in his or theire name or one Thomas 
Colvyle or his assignes aunswer and paye to the Master fiealowes 
and scholers of St John's Colledge or to the Burser for the 
tyme being of the sayd Colledge the sayd rent stypend or 
pencion of syx poundes thirtene shillinges four pence to your 
knowledge, or as you have credybly hearde ? 

4. liem howe longe to your remembrance was the sayd 
yearely rent pencion or stypend payed to the sayd Colledge and 
when dyd the payment thereof fyrst begynne, And howe longe 
contynued the same, And howe longe ys yt sy thence the 
payment thereof hath bene denyed and vnpayed to your 
knowltidge, or as you have credibly heard ? 

5. liem how much yearly ys the fferme lan'ls or tenements 
worth out of which the sayd yearely rent pencion or stypend ys 
soe lymyted appoynted gyven or conveyed as aforesayd as you 
knowe or have credybly heard ? 

6. Hem whether dyd the sayd Colvyle paye or ^yve any 
consyderacion for the Inherytaunce of the sayd fearme or 
landes more then the yearely rent pencion or stypende assigned 
lymyted or appoynted to the sayd Colledge for the mayntenauace 
of the poore schollers as you knowe or have credibly heard ? 

Henry Hickman doctor of the Cyvill Lawe of the age of 
forty- foure y cares or thereaboutes sworne and examyned the 
thirtyth daye of October in the seaven and thirtyth yeare of the 
Raygue of our Soveraygne Ladye Queue Elizabeth deposetb 

Notes from the College Records. 301 

and sayth by vertue of his oathe to the fyrst Interrogatorye : 
That he hath sene certeyn evidences bering date as he 
remembreth vndecimo Maij sexto Edward! sexti whereby it 
appeareth that theRight Honorable the Lady Kather}'ne, late 
Diiches of Suffolk, dyd give and assure to St John's Colledge 
in Cambrydge a yearely Annuitye or pention of twenty nobles, 
towardes the releyfe and mayntenaunce of certeyn Schollers 
within that Colledge for ever. And this deponent hath credibly 
heard and beleveth yt to be true that the said pencion or 
annuitye was gyven by the sayd Ladye Katheryn according to 
the tenor of the sayd wryting aswell for that yt appeareth vnto 
this deponent by the bowsers bookes and auditors accomptes of 
the sayd Colledge that the same Annuitye or pen lion hath 
bene payd vnto the ffellowes and Schollers of the sayd howse 
for allmost twenty yeares togeather. as allsoe for that he this 
deponent himselfe hath receyved parte of that pention fyrst as 
a scholler and afterwardes as a ffellowe of the sayd howse in all 
for the space of seaven yeares togeather and vpwardes. And 
knoweth dyvers other scholers and ffellowes of the sayd howse 
who as ytt appeareth to this deponent by the sayed bokes and 
accomptes have lykewyse so receyved lyke parte of the sayd 
pention as this deponent dyd in the lyfe tyme of the sayd 
Dutches, and sy thence her death. And further he sayth that 
he hath bene credibly informed that there is a Rowle of the 
fyrst yeare of Queue Marye in the Treasurye howse of the sayd 
Colledge mentyoninga receypte of the said pention, Mr Watkyns 
and Mr Armested being then Bowsers. 

2. To the second Interrogatorye this deponent sayth: 
That as yt appeareth vnto this deponent by wry tinges which he 
hath lately sene the landes charged with the payment of the 
sayd yearely pentyon are called by the name of Saxmanhams 
and are scituate and lying in Glemham and Parham in the 
Countye of Suffolk, And as this deponent hath heard, and as 
by the sayd wrytyng yt appeareth vnto him the sayd landes 
were conveyed by the sayd Dutches vnto one Rabert Covell for 
the entent aforesaid, And as touching who were the owners 
and occupyers of the sayd landes in the lyfe tyme of the said 
Dutches this deponent sayth that as yt appeareth by the sayd 
bookes one Thomas Colvyll payd the sayd rent vnto the 
Colledge for dyvers yeares togeather as well in the lyfe tyme of 
the sayd Dutches as sy thence her death. 

302 Notes from the College Records. 

3. To the third Interrogator3'e this deponent sayth : That 
he hath deposed his knowledge to the Interrogatorye next 
precedent and otherwyse then to that effect he cannot depose 
to this Interrogatorye. 

4. To the fourth Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : That 
as yt appeareth to this deponent by the viewe of the sayd 
bookes of the Auditors and Bowsers accomptes the sayd yearlye 
rent or pentyon was payd vnto the sayd CoIIedge from tertio of 
the Quenes maiestyes raygne that no we ys to the xxijih of her 
maiestyes sayd Raygne And sylhence the sayd xxijth yeare or 
there aboutes the payment of the sayd pention hath bene 
denyed as this deponent hath heard, vnto the sayd Colledge 
and not payed. 

5. To the fyfte Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : That 
by the credyble reporte which this deponent thinketh to be 
true the sayd Landes gyven by the sayd duches for the foresayd 
purpose and en tent are well worthe the yearely vale we of 
Thirty poundes and better. 

6. To the syxt Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : That 
as he hath credibly heard and as yt appeareth vnto this 
d< ponent vppon the viewe of the sayd wrytynge concernyng 
tlie sayd landes the same landes were conveyed and assured 
vnto the sayd Robert Colvyle by th e sayd late dutches only in 
consideracion of the payment of the sayd yearely pentyon of 
twenty nobles as aforesayd And more this deponent sayth not 
in this matter. 

William Bamesdale, doctor of phisick, aged three-score 
yeares or above, sworne and examyned the last daye of October 
in the yeare aforesayd, deposeth and sayth by vertue of his oathe 
to the fyrst Interrogatorye : that he doth knowe and remember 
*that the sayd late Right Honorable the Ladye Katheryne late 
dutches of Suffolk deceased dyd gy^^^ and assure to the Master 
and ffellowes of St John thevangelyst in Cambrydge a certeyne 
yearlye pencion or stypend of syx poundes thirtene shillinges 
and fourepence towardes the releyfe and mayntenaunce of certeyn 
schollers for ever in the sayd Colledge, and he knoweth this to 
be true for he this deponent had parte of the sayd yearely pencion 
by the space of ten yeares togeather when he was a scholer in 
the sayd bowse and afterwardes being a fellowe and Bowser 

Notes from the College Records. 303 

there he receyved the sayd pencion for the howse to be payd 
to the scholers which were by order to have the sayd pencion. 

2 and 3. To the second and third Jnterrogatoryes this 
deponent sayth : that there was a ffarme in Parham in Suffolk 
charged with this twentye nobles by the sayd Ladye Kalheryn, 
and this ffarme was allwayes lyable to the payment of the sayd 
pencion in this deponentes tyme and this farme was made over 
to one Colvyll of Parham in the Countye of Suffolk whose 
christen name as he remembreth was Thomas and he never 
knewe any other owner of the sayd land but the sayd Colvyll 
both in the lyffe tyme of the sayd Ladye Katheryne and 
afcerwardes duryng this deponentes tyme in Cambrydge And 
his only name was placed in the Colledge books as standing 
charged with the payment thereof and of the sayd Colvell hath 
this deponent receyved the same sometymes in the Colledge and 
sometymes at Colvell's howse in Suffolk. 

4* To the fourth Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : that 
the payment of the sayd pencion began fyrst in the begynnyng 
of Quene Marye's raygne and the foure scholers that then cnioyed 
yt by the severall porcions of iy\^ nobles a yeere were to this 
deponentes remembraunce One Lakyn, Curteis, Dakyns, and 
Smyth which is nowe doctor of physicke and phisicion to her 
majestie that nowe ys, and yt was allwayes payed in this 
deponentes tyme tyll he leafte the vnyversitye and all wayes 
was payd of this deponentes knowledge tyll the eleventh yeare 
of her majestie's raygne and he knewe yt somtymes vnpayd for 
a yeare or twoetogeatherand then the arrercages payd togeather 
for some twoe yeares but he never knewe yt denyed. 

5. To the fy fte Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : That 
he cannot depose touching the partyculer valewe of the land 
which was charged with the sayd pencion but he ys very assured 
that the land ys farr above the valewe of the sayd pencion, for 
when the sayd dutches came to Cambrydge this deponent, being 
one of the schollers which enioyed her pencion, went with the 
rest of the four schollers to %^s^ her honor thankes for their 
exhibicion and she asked them howe yt was payd them and 
whether they had bene truly e payd or not, and after they had 
answered as they had cause att that tyme, she sayd that the 
tenaunt neede not to palter with them for the payment of their 
pencion for that the sayd Colvell had as she sayd, A good 
pennyworth of the laud, and at that tyme shee wyshed the sayd 

304 Notes from the College Records. 

foare schollers such another bargayne for tbryse as muche as 
Colvell payd for that land, saying. that yt would be a good 
bargayne vnto them. 

6. To the syxt Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : that he 
never heard that the sayd Colvell payd any money or other 
consideracion for the sayd land besydes the pencion aforesayd, 
but he thinketh and hath heard, that yt was a benefytt bestowed 
vppon him for some spetyall service which he or his wyfe had 
done to the sayd dutchesse or some of her children. And more 
he this deponent sayth not to these Interrogatoryes nor more 
sayth he in this matter. 

Ry chard Smithe, doctor in phisicke, and one of her majesties 
pryncypall phisitians, of the age of fyfly-eyght yeares or there- 
aboiUes swoyie and examyned the seventh daye of November 
in the yeare aforesayd deposeth and sayth by vertue of his oath, 
to the fyrst Interrogatorye : Tiiat he knoweth very well that the 
Right Honorable the Ladye Katheryn late dutchesse of Suffolk 
dyd assure to the CoUedge of St Johnes in Cambrydge aboute 
the yeare of our Saviour 1552 A certeyne yearely pencion 
or stypende of twentye nobles towardes the releyfe and 
mayntenaunce of certeyne schollers for ever within the sayd 

2. To the seconde Interrogatorye this deponent saith : That 
he l)kewyse knoweth that certeyn landes lying nere ffremyngham 
Castle in Suffolk were charged with the payment of the sayd 
annuytye or pencion by the graunte of the sayd dutchesse, 
which sayd landes in the lyfe tyme of the sayd dutchesse were 
in the occupacion of one Colvyle whose name as this deponent 
remembreth was Roberte after whose death one Thomas Colvyle 
as this deponent remembreth occupyed the same landes. 

3. To the third Interrogatorye this deponent sayth: That 
he well knoweth and remembreth that the sayd Colvylles one 
after another for many yeares togeather, in the lyfe tyme of the 
sayd dutchesse by vertue of her said graunte. dyd paye vnto the 
sayd Master ffeilowes and scholars of St Johnes Colledge 
aforesayd or to the Burser of the same howse for the tyme being 
or to some other to be delyvered vnto the Burser the sayd 
yearely rent or pencion of syx poundes tweleue shiilinges foure 
pence And that the same rent being but slowly payed at some 

Notts from the College Reeordt. 305 

tymes this deponent himselfe in regarde thereof procured letters 
from the sayd dutches to commaunde the sayd Colvyle to observe 
the tymes better which were appointed by the sayd graunte for 
the payment of the sayd pencion^ which they afterwardes 
carefully regarded* 

4. To the fourth Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : That 
the sayd yearely pencion as b}' dyvers notes in that behalfe 
appeareth was payed to the sayd Colledge ever synce Kynge 
Edwarde the syxt his tyme tyll of late yeares and this deponent 
for his owne parte hath receyved the same rent, as well as a 
fFellowe of the sayd howse to be dclyvered over vnto the Burser 
when this deponent hath vppon occasion traveled into Suffolk, 
as allsoe as a scholer of the same howse for some thirtene yeares 
togeather or thereaboutes and well knoweth that in all this 
deponentes tyme yt was never denyed and as this deponent hath 
heard, yt hath bene sundrye tymes payd synce this deponent 
discontynued his being at the sayd colledge. 

5. To the fyfte Interrogatorye this deponent sayth : that he 
hath heard yt spoken very credyblye that the sayd landes and 
tenementes charged with the payment of the sayd yearely 
rent were well worth the yearely valcwe of twenty poundes and 
better fortye yeares agoe. 

6. To the syxt Interrogatorye this deponent sayth That he 
hath dyvers tymes heard yt affyrmed that there was not any 
other or further consideracion geven or payd for the Inheritaunce 
of the landes charged with the sayd pencion then on lye the 
sayd yearely stypend of vj//** xiijj. iiij^. Saving that the sayd 
Colvylles wyfe being nurse vnto the dukes grace the same landes 
in regard thereof as this deponent hath heard were charged 
with soe easy a r^^nt. And more sayth not in this matter. 

Another group of witnesses were examined at Cam- 
bridge 22 September, 37 Elizabeth (1595) before 
Humphrey Tindall D.D. and Thomas Wendy esquire, 
who with Anthony Wingfield and John Sowthell esquires 
were members of a commission to take evidence. These 
add to the weight of evidence in favour of the College 
without really adding much to facts already before us. 
The following summary gives the names of the witnesses 

3o6 Notes frofn the College Records. 

and any fresh facts stated by them ; some account of 
their careers, where these can' be ascertained, is also 

1. James Hill, of Brainlree, Essex, clerk, aged 45 (Admitted 
Fellow 28 March 1572; Vicar of Braintree from g February 
1585-6 until his death in 1608; Senior Bursar in 1586). 

2. James Taylor, of Westmill, co Herford, D.D,, aged 5 t, 
slates that Thomas Colville paid the rent charge to him as 
bursar; he left College about the 22nd Elizabeth (Senior 
Bursar in 1579; Rector of Cottered, Herts 17 November 
1576 to 1583, and Rector of Westmill, Herts 9 November 1588 
to 1623), 

3. Edward Bulckley, of Woodhull, Beds, D.D. aged 55 
(Rector of Odell, Beds 6 March 1571-2 and was buried there 
5 January 1620-1. His son Peter, baptized at Odell 12 June 
1614, died at Concord, Massachusetts 9 March 1658-9). 

4. Philip Stringer, of Cambridge, gentleman, aged 50. 
Was Fellow and Senior Bursar 19 Eliz., and received the rent- 
charge of Thomas Colville. As auditor of the College he had 
seen the rent-charge entered in the College books as paid by 
Thomas Colville from the 2nd to the 23rd Elizabeth. The 
Bursars, Mr Christopher Webbes and Mr James Hill claimed 
that arrears were *due in their year of office and paid the 
Scholars (Admitted Fellow 10 April 1558; Senior Bursar in 
1577. He was one of the esquire bedells of the University 
about 1579, and was Solicitor to the University and a Justice 
of the Peace for Cambridgeshire). 

5. Henry Alvey, B.D., of St John's College, aged 40. Was 
nominated by the Duchess of Suffolk to have a portion of her 
money. Had heard that one Key (probably Alexander Key, 
admitted Fellow 11 April 1765) publicly prayed in the Chapel 
of the College for the Duchess as a benefactor. The payment 
was first made i Mary and continued until 23 Elizabeth, the 
payment being denied by the widow of Thomas Colville 
(Alvey was admitted Fellow in 1577: was Senior Bursar in 
1 59 1 ; also President of the College; became Provost of Trinity 
College, Dublin, but retired, returning to Cambridge where he 
died in 1616). 

6. Arthur Johnson, B.D., of St John's College aged 46. 
Had heard that two of the four scholars were to be iiominated the 

Notes from the College Records, 307 

Lord Henry, Duke of Suffolk, his schollers, and the other two, 
the Lord Charles his schollers. 

7. John'Allinson, B.D., of St John's College, aged 36 
(Perhaps afterwards Rector of Treswell, Notts). 

8. John Waller of Cambridge, slater, aged 40. Was told 
by the Colvilles of the Duchess gift, and received the money of 
Thomas Colville for the College for five or six years. 

g. Edward Smylhe of Cambridge, cook, aged 40. Was 
told by Mr Penninge that the lands in Glemham and Parham 
were charged by the Duchess with a payment to the College. 

The following letter from Peregrine, Lord Willoughby, 
son of the Duchess, to the Lord Keeper has been pre- 
served in College. 

I haue beene geuen to vnderstande (my verie good Lorde) 
thatt there is a matter like to come to your Lordship's hearinge 
in your Courte of Chauncerie by bill of complainte att the sute 
of St Johns CoUedge in Cambridge, whereof Dr Whittaker is 
Master, my selfe was a meere straunger to the cause, till of late 
by information and petition I was made acquainted with a 
wronge as is verely thought done them, that some waye may 
seeme to concerne me as beinge therein after a sorte iniured 
my selfe in my Auncestors, whose good minde and meaninge 
by theyr losse is alreadie peruerted. The case is thus: my 
my Ladies grace and Mother the Dutches of Suffolke nighe 
about the thirde of her Maiesties raigne thatt nowe is, for a 
memoriall of the two younge Dukes, her graces sonnes, 
students of thatt house, and dyinge thence, assured to the 
Societie of thatt Colledge, to the vse of foure poore Schollers, 
a yearely pension of vi// viijf iiijV, to be payd oute of a manner 
lyinge at a Towne called Parrham and Glenham in high 
Suffolke, to gether with the forfaiture of as mutch as the 
principall for euerie yeare thatt the "pension aforesayde should© 
be bchinde and vnpaied to the Colledge aforesayed. The 
lande was geven vnto one Roberte Coluile her Graces 
Seruaunte who stoode himselfe bounde^ and the manner 
aforesayde, to the discharge of the said pension to the vse 
aboue specified, which was accordingly performed by the 
space of XX years together by the sayd Roberte Coluile butt 

3o8 Notes from the College Records. 

since from time to time without caase knowen denied. The 
matter being a CoUedge cause^ for the reliefe of poore 
sclioUers, and some waye interessinge mj selfe, I am the 
rather in pittie and conscience moved to requeste your 
Lordship's lawful! fauour in this theyr reasonable sute. And 
whatt your Lordshipp shall doe herein I shall accounte 
amongeste the reste of your lordship's honorable fauours, and 
to I committ you to God. Stanforde this vjth of Nouember 

your Lordship's to my power 

most assured 

P, Wtllughby. 

Addressed: To the righte honorable my verie good Lorde, 
the L, Keeper of the greate Seale of England geue these. 

In the end the College was successful and by a 
Decree of Sir Thomas Egerton made 3 June 1596, 
Anthony Penninge was directed to execute a fresh 
deed charging the lands with the annuity in favour of 
the College. The deed was executed 8 May 1597 and 
delivered to Henry Alvey as agent for the College. The 
following documents shew that the suit had really been 
maintained by Alvey at his own cost and that he acted 
generously in the matter. 

These may be to certifie, That to Mr Henry Alvey was 
graunted by the Master and Seniors then beinge The 
arrearage of the Duchess of Suffolk, he sewing att his own 
chardges to recover the yearely annuitie to the Colledge of 
3t Johns in Cambridge, So it is (to my remembraunce) by me 

Henry Nklson, 

at that time fellow and 

Register of the Colledge. 

To the right worshipfull the Master Fellowes and 

Scholars of St J hones Colledge in Cambridge. 

It please you the above named to take notice hereby that in 

the time when I was mtmber of your society and an officer 

therein I found dependinge in arrear of the dutches of Suffolke 

her exhibition a certaine summe* I had bene one of the fower 

Notes from the College Records. 309 

vho had yearly part thereof whylst the same was duly paid so 
longe as she lived, the same beinge denyed after her death, and 
so longe indeed that it seemed despcMte, all the enioyers of it 
anciently, worne owtte and none newly supplyed because it was 
held bootlesse, myself remaining alone interested therein, who 
had beene assigned, from my first comminge to colledge, by the 
dutchesse nomination one of her exhibitioners. The Master 
and Seniors vpon my motion granted vnto me all the grone 
arrearages vpon condition that I should sue at m}' proper 
charges the recovery of the principall, which I did and obtained, 
after longe sute and charges in the chancery, as your instrument 
therein maytestify. I tooke witnesse of your concession to me 
Mr Henry Nelson's hand, then register, that I lost, but haue 
procured the very letter from him because none remaine else 
privy thereto that I know. It may please you to accept of my 
gift the 46// 13J. 4df. yet vnpaid as I take it, to reccve it in the 
Colledge name as I did the former, by me 

Henry Alvey. 

The document which follows relates to the Non- 
juring fellows of the College. By the Act i Will, and 
Mary c. 3, passed in 1689, an oath of allegiance to 
King William and Queen Mary had to be taken by 
certain persons, among others by fellows of colleges. 
Those who neglected or refused to take the oath before 
I August 1689 were thereby declared and adjudged to 
be suspended from their fellowships for six months from 
that date, and if they did not take the oath within these 
six months their fellowships were declared to be void. 

There were many Non-jurors in St John's and they 
seem to have had the tacit sympathy of the college. 
On 25 July 1693 the Court of King's Bench sent a 
mandamus to Dr Gower, the master, directing him to 
turn out twenty fellows for refusing to take the oath. 
On 10 August 1693 Dr Gower was indicted at the 
Cambridge assizes for suffering these fellows to enjoy 
their fellowships, although they had not taken the 
oath. The document which follows, preserved by 
Pr Lambert, the Senior Bursar, in a volume of his notes 

3 10 Notes from the College Records. 

and letters, seems to be an outline of the defence of the 
Master. The grand jury refused to find a bill against 
Dr Gower to the wonder of the Court. The matter 
came before the Court of the King's Bench itself in 
Trinity Term 1694, and in the end Dr Gower was 
successful, the Court declining to make the mandamus 
peremptory on the ground that the fellows who were to 
be affected by it had not been made parties to the 
proceedings. It was not until January 1716-7, over 
twenty- seven years from the date of the Act, that the 
Non-jurors were finally removed from their fellowships. 

The Court of King's Bench sends a mandamus directed to 
Tlie Master Fellows and Scholars of St John's College suggesting 
that T.L. [i.e. Thomas Leche) and 19 more therein named were 
Fellows at the time of the Act, but had not taken the Oath 
according to the Act, whereby their Fellowships became and 
are void. And that the Master Fellows and Scholars suffered 
them lo enjoy their Fellowships and profits in nostrum centtmptum^ 
which would be of pernicious example to permit. Therefore it 
commands the Master etc. immediately upon receit of the writt 
to amove them from their Fellowships and profits. 

First, as I don't find that any such like Mandamus was ever 
before granted, so, I conceive that by law such cannot be good 
if Magna Charia^ and other statutes grounded thereon, be yet in 
force. For Magna Charta says. That no man shall be disseized 
of his freehold but by the law of the land and that nee super 
turn ibimus, nee super eum mii/emus, unless by due course and 
process of law. And the Statute 25 Edw III, c. 4 particularly 
saith. That none shall be put out of his Franchise unless he be 
duly brought to answer or forejudged of the same by course of law. 
And Statute 28, Edw III, c. 3 says also expressly That no man 
of what estate and condition he be, shall be put out of land or 
tenement without being brought to answer by due process of 
law. Now can anything be more contrary to all these statutes 
than such a mandate as this which commands the disseisin and 
expulsion of 20 Fellows at once out of their respective freeholds 
(for so a Fellowship is accounted in law) and that too upon 
a bare suggestion, without any legall process of law and without 
being so much as brought, or having any room or liberty left, to 

Notes from the College Records, 3 1 1 

answer in defence of their freeholds. For this Mandate supplies 
all, both process and judicature. First it does the part of a jury 
in determining the fact (viz) that they have not taken the oath, and 
then passeth judgment (viz), that their Fellowships are void, and 
is likewise in nature of a writt of execution too, directing the 
Master and Fellows to execute by turning out of possession 
and all this too (for ought that appears) without so much as 
any notice ever given or to be given them of those suggestions 
and proceedings before they are turned out, they being no 
otherwise mentioned, or taken notice of in this Mandamus than 
as the subject matter of the execution. And this is no less 
contrary also to the Petition of Right 3 C. i., than to the other 

Now supposing that in truth they have not taken the oath 
and thereby their Fellowships void according to the words of 
the Act, yet, having once been lawfully seized of those 
Fellowships the law will presume them so still, till the contrary 
appears, and such seizin shall have the protection of all the 
aforesaid statutes, for de non apparenlibus ei non exist entibus eadem 
esi lex ei quisque presumitur esse bonus, donee probetur in conirariam. 
Note the aforesaid 28 Edw III, c. 3 says "shall be put out of 
land or tenement," without saying this land or tenement. So 
that this Statute makes no matter of difference whether the 
seizin be in truth lawfull or not, but leaves that to be determined 
by due course of law. 

Tis true the Master and Fellows have a power within 
themselves to amove any of their members for causes warranted 
by the private statutes, these naturally belonging to their 
observance and execution. But a general Act of State (as 
this Act is) is to be executed according to the ordinary 
process of law unless otherwise provided by the same Act, as 
here 'tis not and therefore the Act not having provided any 
certain evidence of the Master and Fellows to know which of 
their members have not taken the oath plainly shews that the 
Act has not left the judgment and execution thereof to them. 
And if so be that the parliament has not sufficiently provided 
for the execution of this Act, being an Act of a new and 
extraordinary nature (and so penall) in this particular case, it 
is not to be supplied by such Mandamus's (which would break 
through so many and such important statutes), but this case 
must rest till a parliament shall make other provision for the 

312 Notts from the College Records. 

execution of the Act, or shall impower the King's Bench to 
grant such a mandamus. I suppose no one will say that a 
Mandamus can supply or alter any law or statute, or the nature 
of legal evidence and process in proceeding thereupon, aod 
will not be deny'd if in this case the Master and Fellows should 
amove the persons mentioned in the mandate and it should 
appear that some of them have taken the oath (as all of them 
may have done for all the Master and Fellows can tell) and 
then should commence their Actions against the Master and 
Fellows for this amotion, but that this mandate could not 
justifie^or indemnifie them against such actions ; so that besides 
the peril of conscience (which no doubt such persons will be 
tender of) in undoing so many at a venture, here is peril of 
damage too. Now the law indemnifies all who act by its 
precepts, wherefore its not indemnifying in this case (as it may 
happen) shews that this Mandamus can be no law precept* 

In short I take this Mandamus to be altogether new in its 
nature and primae impressionis without precedent or foundation 
in the law, and it should seem this method was not very obvious 
to the advisers that it took up so much time to find it out, 
whereever it was found at last. For all Mandamus's that appear 
in our books to have been hitherto granted (in relation to placrs 
and oflfjces) have been for only restitution, and in favour and 
safety of freehold and not any for putting out of freehold (which 
has hitherto been left to legal process) and they generally 
respect places of publick concern. But as for Colleges which 
are but private societies for study, and have visitors over them, 
the King's Bench ever scrupled to grant any Mandamus to 
them, as always doubting and hesitating whether they had 
anything to do with them, and the' sometimes they have granted 
them (which has been but of late years) yet it was never done 
but to restore a Fellow etc., which they supposed wrongfully 
put out. What the consequences of such a precedent (in case 
the Mandamus be obey'd) may be, and how far it may affect the 
publick 1 know not, I am sure all College Statutes, if not also 
the University privileges, are highly concern'd in it. 

The following document has also been preserved by 
Dr Lambert. The benefice of Aberdaron with regard to 
which Serjeant Lutwyche was consulted is a somewhat 

Notei from the College Records, 3 1 3 

peculiar one. There is a Vicar, a sinecure Rector, 
and an Impropriator. The sinecure Rectory was given 
to the College by Archbishop Williams, The holder 
must be a clergyman, he is presented by the College to 
the Bishop and instituted, but he has no duties to 
perform in the parish. 

At the time when Lutwyche's opinion was taken the 
College had on 4 December 1728 presented Rowland 
Simpson, a fellow, and he was instituted 10 April 1729. 
Apparently he was expected to "read himself in" and 
that in Welsh. He seems to have got over the 
difficulty for he held Aberdaron with his other Rectory 
of Gay wood in Norfolk until his death 17 March 1736. 

A case upon the Act of Uniformity, 14 of Car. 2. 

It is enacted that every person who shall be presented, or 
collatedi or put into any ecclesiastical benefice or promotion, 
shall in the Church, Chapel, or place of public worship 
belonging to his said benefice, or promotion, openly, 
publickly, solemnly read the Morning and Evening Prayers 
appointed to be read by and according to the said Book of 
Common Prayer etc. It is further enacted with respect to 
Wales that the said Book of Common Prayer shall be translated 
into the British Tongue, and then it follows : 

From and after imprinting and publishing of the said Book 
so translated, the whole Divine Service shall be used and said 
by the Ministers and Curates throughout all Wales where the 
Welch tongue is commonly used in the British or Welch tongue 
in such manner and form as is prescribed according to the 
Book hereunto annexed to be used in the English tongue. 

Aberdaron is a sinecure rectory with a perpetual Vicar in the 
gift of St John's College, Cambridge, and the Fellows who 
have been presented to it have constantly qualified themselves 
by reading the English service. 

Query, Whether the person now presented doth not qualifie 
himself according to the tenor of this Act by observing the 
usage of his predecessors, there being one other English 
Book provided by the parish. 

2. Whether he being presented to the sinecure Rectory 
come under the denomination of Ministers or Curates ? 

3 1 4 NoUs from the College Records. 

3. If the Bishop should take any advantage of his not 
reading the Welch service for his qualification, what method he 
must take to defend himself? 

Mr Luiwychis Opinion, May the ^ih^ 1729. 

Before the Statute of Uniformity I apprehend no person 
that was promoted to a sinecure was obliged to read the 
Common Prayer at all in the church wherein he had a sinecure 
benefice, and the intent of making it obligatory upon all 
ecclesiastical persons to read the Common Prayer within two 
months after they are put in possession and declaring their 
assent thereto under the penalty of losing their benefice, was 
that none but orthodox persons that conformed to the Liturgy 
of the Church of England might be admitted. And tho' there 
is a general provision afterwards for the Common Prayer Book 
to be translated and provided for the use of the parishes in 
Wales, where the Welch tongue is commonly used, yet the 
penalty of deprivation ipso Jaclo for not reading the Common 
Prayer within two months is only annexed to the not reading 
the Common Prayer in English as established by the Act of 
Parliament ; and though there is a direction that the whole 
Divine Service shall be read by the ministers and curates in 
Wales in the Welch tongue, yet there is no direction for reading 
the assent to it in the Welch tongue nor are the words for that 
purpose particularly prescribed, directed to be translated. And 
the English Common Prayer is not excluded by the Act, but on 
the contrary an express direction that an English one shall be 
provided to encourage the people to learn it. For these reasons 
it seems to me that the Act is only directory to the officiating 
ministers and curates to read the Common Prayer in Welch but 
not to extend to one that is to qualifie himself to a sinecure by 
reading it once to evidence himself to be a person assenting 
and conforming to it, especially where the words that he must 
repeat for assent etc. are still to remain in English according to 
the Act. 

But however as this is a new point not any ways (that I have 
known) disputed before this time and in itself may be doubtful, 
I cannot advise the party concerned absolutely to rely upon it as 
a clear case, but leave him to his own discretion, whether he 
learn so much of the language as to read the Common Prayer 
in Welch as well as English, and declare his assent in both 

Notes from the College Records. 3 1 5 

tongues, or to relie on the point of reading it only in English 
with the doubts attending it. And if the Bishop should 
prosecute him upon this matter for not reading the service in 
Welch I think the proper method for him to take will, be to 
move for a prohibition in one of the Courts at Westminster, the 
construction of Statutes being belonging to the Judges of 
Common Law, it being a thing of great consequence to the 
College who will lose the design of the gift of patronage of this 
Rectory which was with intent (no doubt) of providing for the 
Fellows, and which will be of little use to them if it be necessary 
that they should understand Welch to qualify them for this 

Tho. Lutwyche. 

(7b U Continued.) 

R. F. S. 


We count the broken lyres that rest 

Where the sweet wailing singers slumber — 
But o'er their silent sisters' breast 

The wild flowers who will stoop to number? 
A few can touch the magic string, 

And noisy Fame is proud to win them — 
Alas for those that never sing, 

And die with all their music in them ! 

Nay, grieve not for the dead alone 

Whose song has told their heart's sad story — 
Weep for the voiceless, who have known 

The cross without the crown of glory ! 
Not where Leucadian breezes sweep 

O'er Sappho's memory-haunted billow, 
But where the glistening night-dews weep 

On nameless sorrow's churchyard pillow ! 

O hearts that break and give no sign 

Save whitening lip and fading tresses, 
Till death pours out his cordial wine 

Slow-dropp'd from Misery's crushing presses — 
If singing breath or echoing chord 

To every hidden pang were given. 
What endless melodies were pour'd. 

As sad as earth, as sweet as heaven ! 

Oliver Wendell Holmes. 


Wohl merken wir zerbrochne Leiern da, 

Wo schlummernd milde Klagesanger liegen ; 
Wer aber ziihlt die wilden Bliiten nah 

Am Grabe ihrer Schwestern — welche schwiegen ? 
Schlagt Eine sanft die Zaubersaiten an, 

Die wird der laute Ruhm mit Stolz sich werben ; 
Weh ihr, die keine Lieder dichten kann, 

Und unentbunden des Gesangs muss sterben ! 

Beweine nicht allein die Toten, die 

Zum Trauersang ihr Herzensweh verdichtet ; 
Auch stumme Seelen, denn es haben sie 

Das Kreuz getragen, auf den Kranz verzichtet ! 
Nicht wo Leukadiens Winde immerfort 

Bei Sapphos Wogengrabe wehn und wimmern^ 
Geh' lieber wo das Leid ruht namlos, dort 

Im Friedhof, wenn des Nachttaus Triinen schimmern! 

Ihr wunden Herzen ! deren Angst allein 

Verrat der Locken Grau, der Lippen Bliisse, 
Bis endlich schenkt der linde Tod euch ein 

Den Labewein aus Jammers Kelterpresse— 
Ach ! wiirden jeder innern Pein verliehn 

Als Gabe Saitenklang und Sangertone, 
Unendlich war' die Flut der Melodien, 

So triib wie Erde, siiss wie Himmelsschone! 

Donald MacAlister. 




{Continued f torn p, aoi). 

|E must now return to trace the adventures of 
Marcus and Quintus, whom we left gazing in 
terror and astonishment at the rough weather- 
beaten faces and ragged deer-skin tunics of 
the Otadenes by whom they found themselves sur- 
rounded. Terror and astonishment were certainly the 
first emotions with which the sight inspired them ; but, 
on Marcus' part at any rate, the signs of fear were only 
momentary : the proud instincts of his race nerved him 
to assume a boldness of demeanour not unworthy of 
the Roman name; and even the younger and less 
sturdy brother caught a touch of his spirit. Marcus 
took Quintus by the hand, and marched boldly 
towards the nearest of his foes. 

" Let us pass," he cried imperiously. " We are the 
Prefect's sons ; and if you meddle with us, the Prefect 
will come and kill you all." 

Unfortunately the Otadenes knew no Latin, and the 
only Otadene words comprised in Marcus' vocabulary 
were terms of abuse which he had heard applied to the 
meanest class of slaves. The Otadenes grinned with 
amusement and perplexity at the boy's Latin oration ; 
but when they heard themselves denounced in their 
own native tongue as unwashed thieves and dwellers 
upon dunghills, they began to scowl and mutter 
ominously. Marcus was utterly confounded when he 

The Truants. 319 

found his commands received with scornful disobedience ; 
for till that moment he had never expressed a wish 
without seeing a slave or a trooper fly to perform his 
bidding. However, with a resolute effort he maintained 
his defiant bearing; for he remembered that Quintus 
was with him, and therefore honour required that he 
should play the man. 

Play the man he did, but to little purpose : for some 
few minutes he stood there in an attitude at once 
expressive of defiance towards his foes and an intention 
to protect his brother from every danger, while the 
leading Otadenes argued the matter out amongst them- 
selves with streams of harsh and unintelligible language. 
Marcus even began furtively to flatter himself that his 
bold demeanour had made the right impression; but 
presently the conference came to a close, and Marcus' 
hopes ended with it. The boys were suddenly seized, 
and notwithstanding the most desperate attempts at 
resistance, their hands were bound behind their backs 
with rough thongs of leather, and their captors prepared 
for a hasty retreat to some wilder fastness of the north. 
Marcus had some thoughts of prolonging the struggle 
by passive resistance; but the helplessness of his 
condition frightened him, and he had sense enough to 
see the folly of such an attempt : also he remembered 
his father's Asturians, and reflected that while there 
was life there was hope of rescue. 

As soon as the last knots were tied, the Otadenes 
started northwards at a steady trot, and the boys were 
forced to keep pace with their captors, who spurred 
them on with a warning spear-prick, whenever they 
showed the least sign of flagging. Young and active 
as Marcus and Quintus were, their legs were no match 
for the tough limbs of those roamers of the northern 
moors, and the journey was a terrible ordeal. Hunger 
was beginning to tell upon their strength, and the 
confinement of their arms made running a nervous 
business : a single stumble, and they would be thrown 

3^0 The Truants. 

down upon their faces, without a hand to break the fall. 
However, their pride was roused and they obstinately 
refused to be beaten ; they felt that they were Romans, 
and it would never do to confess that barbarians could 
surpass their masters even at running. Presently their 
dogged endurance and evident distress seemed to make 
some impression upon their guards: the run was 
slackened to a swinging walk, which carried them 
northwards through the bush at a still rapid pace, till 
suddenly the leader of the line bent sharply to the right, 
and a few moments later the boys found themselves 
once more on the bank of the river. 

But there was no respite for them yet. They were 
driven like cattle through the ford, and the swift current 
swirled about their legs with a sensation far less 
pleasant than when they had plunged into it merely for 
mischief; the stones of the river bed seemed sharper 
and more slippery, and the prospect of a wetting had 
lost every trace of its former charm. From the further 
shore the march was continued at the same steady pace 
through the thick scrub which covered the flat land 
beside the river, and then up a long rough slope of 
open moor, where the coarse grass grew in thick 
tussocks, ready to trip the unwary walker; and here 
and there was a swampy hollow, where the rushes 
showed dark against the yellowish green of the drier 
land. Even the slower rate of progress was making 
the boys gasp for breath by this time, and Quintus was 
all but sobbing with distress; but a sight of their 
destination encouraged them to hold out to the end, 
and the end was reached at last. 

High above the river the long slope of the valley 
culminated in a bleak rounded summit, which was 
crowned by the hill fortress where their captors dwelt. 
In due time the party crossed the deep ditch by which 
the place was encircled, and passed through the high 
rampart of earth by a narrow twisted entrance. The 
Bpace enclosed by the rampart was a flat circle, some- 

The Tiuanis. 321 

what more than fifty yards in diameter, the larger part 
of it being covered by irregular lines of rudely made 
huts — crazy hovels framed of willow branches and 
covered with earth and stones ; but there was a plot of 
open ground in the centre, beside which stood a hovel 
somewhat larger and less rudely constructed than the 
rest. This was the palace of the chieftain, who 
exercised an hereditary jurisdiction over the little clan- 
It was into this open space that Marcus and Quintus 
were conducted, and the scene which immediately 
followed their arrival tried their courage even more 
severely than the hurried journey had tried their 
strength. The news of their capture spread like fire 
from hut to hut, and in a few moments they found 
themselves surrounded, stared at, jostled, fingered, and 
derided by an excited crowd of fierce and squalid 
barbarians — ^grim-eyed men, who gazed with scornful 
amusement upon Marcus and Quintus, and with half 
envious congratulation upon their fortunate comrades, 
the heroes of this unwonted exploit; wild dishevelled 
women, who chattered volubly to their neighbours, and 
eagerly examined the tunics in which the captives were 
dressed ; and dirty, half-naked children, who squeezed 
their way between the legs of the elder spectators, and 
jeered at the boys in tones of unmistakeable scorn : 
Marcus and Quintus were reasonably dirty for Cilurnum, 
.but in an Otadene village they appeared prodigies 
of cleanliness, and were fit subjects for mockery 

So for a little while the tumult and clamour con- 
tinued—eager questions as to how the thing happened 
drawing boastful replies from those who shared the 
honour of the achievement, and loud exclamations of 
wonder mingling with wild snatches of some old 
triumphal war-song. But presently a more ominous 
sound began to shrill above the confusion, as one by 
one the mothers and wives, who had lost their sons ox 
husbands by the Roman swords, began to shriek for 

322 The Truants. 

cruelty and revenge. Ignorant as he was of the Otadene 
tongue, Marcus could not mistake the menace of the 
sound, and every moment the cries grew fiercer and 
more terrible : he drew himself up and did his best to 
appear unmoved ; Quintus pressed closer against his 
brother's side and turned very pale, but somehow 
Marcus' presence gave him encouragement, and if he 
shrank under the touch of his examiners, it was rather 
from abhorrence than from fear. 

However, before the cry provoked any attempt at 
actual violence, the crowd broke out into a wild cheer 
of welcome, as a tall muscular woman came out of the 
chieftain's hut : the steadier men beat back the throng 
of sight-seers, till Marcus and Quintus were left standing 
side by side in the centre of a little open circle, where 
they were duly inspected by the woman and by three 
aged men who followed her. A moment later a boy of 
about Marcus' own height and age issued from the 
same hut, and the throng of those who pressed round 
the ring gave him a still noisier greeting. 

The young chieftain (for such the boy was) seemed 
something less of a savage than his subjects : his face 
and limbs were passably clean, his long yellow hair 
was not hopelessly dishevelled, and he wore a tunic 
of rudely woven woollen cloth, instead of the rough 
deerskin jerkin, which was the common apparel of the 
men and boys of the clan ; an ornament of clumsily 
chased bronze was clasped on his bare right arm above 
the elbow, and round his neck hung a string of white 
wolfs teeth. But it was his face rather than his dress 
that attracted the notice of the two captives. A happy 
smile had lighted it, as the noisy greeting of the crowd 
rang in the boy's ears, and now the smile expanded 
into a grin of wonder and amusement, as the young 
chief realized the delightful experience of having some- 
thing new to look at. He clapped his hands, and 
danced round Marcus and Quintus, who grew red with 
anger, and were forced to seek secret consolation in 

The Truants, 323 

imagining what awful punishments they would inflict, 
if they only had this impudent young savage in the 
market place of Cilurnum. Presently, however, the 
boy quitted the objects of his amazement, and danced 
up to the woman, whom we have already mentioned. 

*' Mother," he cried, " are these really Roman boys ? 
I can hardly believe it. Why, they look just like 
ordinary people : they have no horns or tails, and I don't 
believe their teeth are a bit longer than mine." 

There was a note of disappointment in his voice, 
which seemed to prove that he had heard and implicitly 
believed many an old wife's fable about the monstrous 
appearance of his country's enemies; but for the 
present his mother was engaged in earnest conference 
with the three aged men, who were her usual advisers 
in all things that concerned the management of her 
son's petty realm. 

"Do not trouble me now, Arvac," she said: "you pro- 
fess to know some Latin ; go and question them yourself.'' 

Accordingly Arvac made another inspection of the 
captives, and then proceeded to cross-examine them. 

" What have you done with your tails ? " he asked in 
fairly correct Latin." "Isn't it true that all Romans 
have tails?" 

"If you can understand Latin," said Marcus angrily, 
ignoring Arvac's insulting question, "you had better 
tell these people to let us go at once, or your village 
will be burnt and every one of you killed." 

"Open your mouth," said Arvac, disdaining the 
threat and disregarding the advice ; " I want to see if 
your teeth are really as long and red and sharp as my 
nurse used to tell me." 

" You shall see Roman spears very soon," retorted 
Marcus, " and find them longer and sharper than you 
like : yes, and they'll be very red, if you don't let us go." 

" I shall certainly not let you go," answered Arvac. 
" Perhaps you have no tails yet because you are only 
boys ; so I shall keep you to see if they grow." 

324 The Truants. 

"You keep us?" said Marcus scornfully. "What 
have you to do with it ? You are only a boy yourself. 
Go and tell these people what I have told you, or I'll 
give you a thrashing — when I get my hands loose/' 

"I may be only a boy," Arvac answered proudly, 
"but I am the chieftain of the clan, and I have a 
hundred warriors at my call." 

" My father is a chieftain too," responded Marcus : 
"he has five hundred soldiers under him, and the 
worst of them is better than the best ten of yours." 

" Now that must be a lie," Arvac answered, " or he 
would never live behind a wall; he would come out 
and have fights. 1 don't believe he has five hundred 
soldiers ; or if he has, they are all afraid of my hundred. 
Have all the five hundred of them tails ? " 

" Perhaps you will have a chance of seeing, sooner 
than you expect," said Marcus ; " and when they come, I 
shall get my hands free, and then I shall break your 

Arvac stared at the boys with an expression of 
perplexity. They were both very pale now, and even 
Marcus found it hard to back his defiant words by 
suitably bold behaviour. Meanwhile the clamour of 
the crowd was becoming less confused but far more 
terrifying: almost every voice was yelling the same 
words now, and even Marcus could divine that the 
words were ominous. 

" Let your five hundred cowards come," said Arvac, 
" and bring their tails with them : w];iat good can they 
do to you? Do you not hear the people? Why are 
you not frightened ? " 

"I hear them making a very disagreeable noise," 
said Marcus with forced calmness, " but I don't know 
what it means." 

**It means 'kill them, kill them, kill them," Ar\'ac 
replied. " They are getting angry, and I do not think 
that even mother can hold them back: perhaps she 
won't try. Are you not frightened now r " 

The Truants. 3^5 

"Well," Marcus answered, steadying his nerves to 
face the danger, " if it must come to that, I suppose it 
roust; but you shan't make us whine about it." 

" I can't understand what you Romans are made of," 
said Arvac : " you haven't any tails, and you won't be 
frightened of being killed." 

But the angry clamour of the crowd was growing 
still more fierce and peremptory. Arvac's mother 
turned and commanded her bloodthirsty clansmen to be 
quiety but even her authority had little effect : the old 
men endeavoured to soothe their passions by appeal 
and argument, and restrain their reckless neighbours 
from a deed which, as their wiser heads knew only too 
well, would be fatal to the whole clan ; but it was 
useless to play upon the fears of the angry savages by 
prophecies of death, or upon their cupidity by sugges- 
tions of ransom : the crowd yelled them down. Arvac 
was not slow to apprehend what was likely to 
happen : he looked at Marcus and Quintus again, and 
his face softened. 

"This is going to be a diflScult business," he 
whispered: "edge a little towards my house yonder; 
if the people break out of hand, jump for your lives, and 
get inside if you can." 

" Thank you," said Marcus quietly : " I will remember 
this when our Asturians come, and I won't give you 
that thrashing I promised." 

Scarcely had he spoken, when two or three of the 
younger barbarians broke the circle and rushed towards 
the prisoners. Arvac cried out sharply, and bade the 
boys run to the hut — an order they were not slow to 
obey ; for the crowd had only been waiting for a lead, 
and now the whole mass charged upon them with a 
roar. Quintus sprang for the narrow opening at the 
first sound of Arvac's warning, and Marcus only paused 
to let his brother have the first chance : a moment later 
the two boys were sprawling on the earth floor of 
Arvac's humble palace, while the young chieftain 
himself leapt back and stood in the doorway. 

326 The Truants. 

" Back ! " he shouted angrily, " back, you dogs, you 
beasts ! Touch the Chieftain if you dare." 

The effect of his words was magical. The clamour 
of scores of truculent voices sank into sudden silence, 
and the surging crowd instantly became still. Arvac 
was their chief, their darling, their idol ; and even in 
their maddest moments they would sooner have cut 
their own throats than have lifted a finger against him. 

"Dogs and beasts you are," the boy continued; 
" dogs and beasts, not men. Men would find men to 
fight with : only dogs and beasts would want to 
slaughter unarmed boys." 

" Do not be angry with us, Arvac," the answer came 
back, in tones that were half a growl of complaint and 
half a prayer for favour. " Give us our revenge, Arvac. 
Our sons and brothers have died by the Roman spears ; 
and blood calls for blood. Give us our revenge." 

"Go and find the men who killed them," Arvac 
answered contemptuously. "These boys have killed 
nobody, and I say that they shall not die." 

•*But they are Romans," clamoured the crowd; 
" they are Romans, and we want their blood." 

"I don't believe it," said Arvac, suddenly smitten 
with a happy thought : " you have always told me that 
Romans have tails, and these boys have none. There- 
fore they are not Romans, and therefore they shall not 
be killed." 


Meanwhile Marcus and Quintus had not been idle. 
They had fallen on the floor of the hut, and there for a 
few moments they lay gasping. The place was all but 
dark and the air fetid, and now that they were alone a kind 
of reaction set in and almost unnerved them. Quintus 
lay where he fell, and began to cry quietly ; but Marcus 
soon recovered his courage and tried to get up: his 
struggles brought his face into contact with his brother's 
hands, and the touch seemed to quicken his wits. 

The Truants. 327 

" Keep quite still, Quintus," he whispered. " I am 
going to undo your thongs, and then you can undo 
mine. Then we will see if we can find some arms, so 
that if the worst come we need not die like pigs." 

He found the knot by the touch of his tongue, and 
quickly set to work to undo it with his teeth. Luckily 
it had been somewhat carelessly tied; a few resolute 
tugs loosened it, and then the matter was fairly simple. 
As soon as his own hands were free, Quintus released 
his brother ; and then for a little while the boys sat 
crouching together on the floor, nervously listening to 
the words by which Arvac was endeavouring to main- 
tain his ascendancy over the crowd that was still 
clamouring for their lives. 

Presently Marcus rose, as though he intended to 
search the hut for weapons ; but after taking a single 
step he stopped and listened again. A shrill scream of 
warning and terror was ringing clear above the deeper 
outcries of the crowd : for a moment the clamour was 
hushed into absolute silence, and then the fierce roar of 
a different passion burst into sound. It was a cry of 
battle and defiance, and presently the sharp metallic 
rattle of arms mingled with the noise. Marcus scarcely 
knew more than three words of the Otadene tongue, 
but he instantly guessed the meaning of the change. 

" It is all right, Quintus," he said, sitting down 
beside his brother with a sigh of relief; •* that means that 
the troops are coming." 

Before Quintus had time to answer, Arvac entered 
hurriedly: a little more light found its way into the 
hut through the narrow doorway, which till that 
moment had been filled by the young chieftain's form ; 
but Arvac was too violently excited to notice the altered 
condition of his captives' hands. 

" I think you are safe enough now," he said. " These 
wonderful soldiers of yours are coming to attack us ; 
and when we have killed them I dare say the people 
will be satisfied. Stay here, and keep quiet : I must go 

328 The Truants. 

and help to kill Romans ; I will cut off their tails, and 
hang them up over the door." 

He passed on towards the further wall of the hut, 
where his arms were hanging ; but Marcus had a much 
more correct idea of what was about to happen, and 
gratitude forbade him to let his preserver go out to 
almost certain death. He whispered hasty instructions 
to Quintus, and the next moment the two boys suddenly 
leapt up and threw themselves upon Arvac. The 
unexpected attack brought the young chieftain to the 
ground in an instant, and there for some time he lay, 
struggling, kicking, biting, and howling for a rescue, 
while Marcus and Quintus piled themselves on the top 
of him, quite enraptured by such a glorious encounter. 
Louder and louder grew Arvac's screams ; but already 
the noise of battle was ringing on the ramparts of the 
fort, echoed by the fierce voices of the women and elder 
men, who yelled encouragement to their countrymen 
and defiance to their foes from the sheltered centre of 
the village. The din would have drowned a stronger 
voice than Arvac's, and before long the superior force 
of his assailants proved too much for his fighting 
powers : all his life he had been the pet and idol of the 
little clan, raised by his birth above the rude delights 
of battle with his fellow boys, while to Marcus and 
Quintus the encounter was merely an improved repeti- 
tion of many an undignified struggle in the market-place 
of Cilurnum. Presently Arvac's screams gave place to 
gasps of oppression, and then to sobs of shame, as he 
found himself unable to continue his resistance. 

" Let me get up," he moaned — for the united weights 
of Marcus and Quintus were slowly squeezing the 
breath out of his body. " Let me get up : I can't 
breathe with your knees digging into my chest. Oh, 
you are killing me." 

" Get up then," said Marcus, rising and helping his 
victim from the ground: "only you musn't try to 
escape. You see, you are the prisoner now." 

The Truants. 329 

" What is the good of escaping ? " said Arvac. "All, 
the Romans must be killed by this time ; and people 
will say that I was afraid of them and hid myself." 

The poor lad was utterly exhausted and thoroughly 
upset : he began to cry bitterly, and flung himself down 
on the floor in a posture of such pathetic shame and 
disappointment that Marcus called himself an ungrate- 
ful beasty and Quintus could hardly help crying for 
sympathy. The two boys knelt down beside their 
prisoner, and tried their utmost to soothe his injured 
feelings ; but for some time Arvac refused all comfort. 

" I saved your lives," he sobbed, " and this is how 
you repay me. I saved you from torture and death, and 
you reward me with shame and violence. But I will 
never stir a finger for you again : no, the people may 
cut you up into fifty pieces ; I shall only look on and 

"You did save our lives,'* Rfarcus answered, with 
a note of unwonted tenderness in his voice,— it was 
perhaps the first sympathetic speech he had ever had 
occasion to utter;— "and we are not so ungrateful as 
you think. If we had let you go out, you would certainly 
have been killed ; and that would have been as bad a^ 
if we had been killed ourselves." 

"But I shouldn't have been killed," moaned the 
inconsolable boy. "I should have killed at least six 
Romans, — yes, and I should have found out whether 
they really have tails." 

"Come, forgive us, Arvac," Marcus answered, "and 
don't cry any more. You don't know what our Asturians 
are, when they are angry, and they are sure to be 
terribly angry if they think that we are in danger : you 
see, we are the Prefect's sons, and for some reason or 
other the Asturians seem to think a good deal of us, 
and— Ah! listen to that." 

In the excitement of the struggle the three boys had 
paid little attention to the noises that were sweeping 
through the village, and the tumult of battle had passed 


330 The Triianis. 

unheeded. Now the sound that reached their ears was 
less strident but not less thrilling: it was no longer the 
fierce clamour of wrath and defiance, but the wild 
pathetic moaning of passionate sorrow and despair. 

Marcus' expectations had been fulfilled to the last 
detail. Aelius and his men had followed the trail, till 
it brought them within sight of the hill-fortress in which 
the boys were imprisoned : they had left their horses 
under guard on the lower slopes of the valley, and 
advanced on foot with swift and steady precision to- 
wards the rampart of the village. Aelius was nervous 
about his sons' lives, or he would have delivered his 
attack at once ; and if he had done so he might have 
captured the place without striking a blow: for so 
deeply were the Otadenes absorbed in their bloodthirsty 
demands for vengeance that they forgot all possibility 
of danger and neglected all precaution against surprise. 
However, the Prefect considered that the safest plan 
was to treat for the surrender of the prisoners, and 
accordingly he ordered his trumpeter to sound for 
a parley. But any form of negotiation proved to be 
utterly impossible; the Otadenes quickly crowded to 
the crest of the rampart, and yelled defiance at Aelius 
and his Asturians with such persistent vigour and fury 
that the attempt to bring about a conference was aban- 
doned. The troopers formed in a double line on the 
weakest side of the fort, and a moment later the trumpet 
sounded the charge. 

The battle was merely a matter of two or three 
moments, when once the assailants had passed the 
ditch. Aelius himself was the first to mount the ram- 
part, but few of his two hundred men were many seconds 
behind their leader. The Asturians were strong, well 
armed, well disciplined, and infuriated by the danger 
into which their two idols had fallen ; and the Otadenes 
fell or fled almost before they could strike a blow, so 

The Truanfs. 33 1 

tremendous was the impact of that swift and vehement 
assault. A number of their fighting men were so lucky 
as to be able to make their escape across the moors to 
the north, but the larger half of them fell dead or 
wounded in a few moments, and the whole affair was so 
sudden, so bewildering, and so swiftly finished, that 
scarcely one of the women and elder men had sufficient 
presence of mind to follow the fugitives. 

Aelius ordered his trumpeter to sound again The 
Asturians opened out and drew a ring of steel right 
round the village; and then the Prefect, followed by 
a small escort, came down into the open space beside 
Arvac's hut. Arvac's mother and her counsellors met 
him, and implored mercy for those that were left alive ; 
but the Prefect's only answer was a grim demand for 
his sons. 

"Alas ! " the woman cried in barbarous Latin, " they 
were here only a few moments ago : the people were 
angry with them, but we saved their lives. I cannot 
tell where they have gone ; but they are alive, I know 
they are alive." 

" They had better be alive," said Aelius, with grim 
determination, "or very soon there will be no one alive 
here except myself and my men." 

The Prefect's menacing answer was spoken in the 
Otadene language, and its unmistakable earnestness 
drew a long wail of despair and agony from the throng 
of women, who pressed behind the chieftain's mother to 
hear their doom. It was this sound which Marcus had 
heard, and its significance made him leap quickly to his 

"I expect they are looking for us/' he exclaimed. 
** Come along, Quintus." 

The two boys rushed out of the hut, and Arvac 
followed them somewhat nervously. At the first sight 
of the familiar figures the Asturians broke out into wild 
cheers of almost delirious joy, and the wailing of the 
Otadene women sank to a sigh of relief: surely, they 

332 The Truants. 

thought, this stem terrible Roman would find room in 
his heart for mercy now. Arvac crept timidly to his 
mother's side, and gazed with awe and astonishment at 
the stalwart troopers, who were so far different from the 
tailed cowards of his imagination ; but Marcus and 
Quintus marched triumphantly up to their father, and 
gave him a military salute. 

"Well indeed," said the Prefect sternly, — for he 
could afford to disguise his delight, — " I hope you two 
young rascals are properly ashamed of yourselves and 
your doings. You have half killed your mother with 
fright, you have driven the whole of the regiment out of 
its wits with anxiety, besides giving it an infinite deal 
of trouble, and you have robbed me of more than half 
my dinner. A very good day's work, upon my word." 

Marcus, who had been confidently expecting some- 
thing more than the ovation of a hero, was unpleasantly 
surprised by the unsympathetic tone of his father's 
greeting. However, he soon observed that every man 
of the escort was grinning with amusement, and there 
was a mischievous sparkle in the Prefect's eyes, which 
seemed to prove that his harshness was only counterfeit. 
Marcus accordingly replied in the same spirit. 

" Oh, if you aren't glad to see us,'* he coolly remarked, 
"you may as well go home again: we shall stop here 
and set up as Otadenes ; we are quite good friends with 
the chief already. Come, father," he continued, as 
Aelius broke out into a hearty laugh, " we are ready to 
be whipped, if you think it will do us any good; but you 
really mustn't whip us here : it would have such a bad 
effect on these barbarians." 

Aelius' laughter grew louder than ever at this 
sally, and the anxious Otadenes won fresh confidence 
from his merriment. All his pretended sternness 
had vanished by this time : he kissed each^ of his 
sons in turn, and then questioned Marcus as to the 
manner in which they had been treated. The whole 
^tory was on the tip of the boy's tongue; but something 

The Truants. 333 

fnade him look round, and his eyes caught the pleading 
g'aze of Arvac's mother. He stepped towards her, took 
her son by the hand, and marched him up to Aelius. 

" There were some of them who wanted to have us 
killed/' he said, ''but I think they have all been killed 
themselves : at any rate I cannot see any of them now. 
Still, we certainly should have been killed, if it hadn't 
been for Arvac here : he is the chieftain of the village, 
and he called them all sorts of names, and got us safely 
into his house; and he didn't fight against you, 
because — because we wouldn't let him, and we are very 
much obliged to him, and so ought you to be." 

Arvac was facing the Prefect with a pale, nervous 
face, and trying his utmost to maintain an attitude of 
proud defiance : his mother had crept nearer, while 
Marcus was speaking ; and now she threw herself upon 
her knees by the boy's side, seized his hand, and kissed 
it passionately. Aelius smiled, and laid his hand gently 
upon Arvac's shoulder. 

"You are a good lad," he said, " and you have saved 
your people from destruction. Had any harm befallen 
my sons, I should certainly have left not one of you 
alive ; but you saved them, and for your sake your 
people shall remain free." 

A shrill cry of joy sprang up from the throng of 
anxious listeners. Arvac's mother transferred her kisses 
from Marcus' hand to his father's ; but Aelius had not 
yet finished. 

" There is one condition," he continued, " upon which 
I consent to spare the people from death or slavery. I 
must have a hostage for their good behaviour in the 

The Prefect paused, and looked meaningly at the 
young chief. Arvac caught the eyes of Marcus and 
Quintus, and a new light came into his own. 

** I will be the hostage," he said with quiet resolution. 
" Do not cry, mother," he added tenderly, as the woman 
xose and threw her arms about his neck, as though she 

334 The Truants. 

would have held him back from the fate that he had 
offered to undergo. " All these years people have been 
serving me, and loving me, and giving me all that I 
could wish for: now it is time that I should do some- 
thing for them. Indeed I do not want to leave you, 
mother dear, but indeed I must. Surely they will let 
you come to see me often, very often, mother: do not 
hold me back ; you have done so much for our people : 
let me do something too." 

His mother continued to cling to him, crying 
bitterly, till Aelius was touched by her passion and 

"Let him come," he said gently: "do not be afraid 
that any harm or hardship will befall him. I will treat 
him as though he were my own son ; and in a year ot 
two he shall come back." 

The woman lifted her face from Arvac's shoulder, 
and looked straight into the Prefect's eyes. 

"I dare trust you," she said, after a moment's 
silence ; " and I think it will be for his good. With all 
our longings, with all our love of freedom, we only 
break ourselves against your iron power ; and he will 
be happier, if he learn to live at peace with 3'ou. I will 
stay here, and rule the remnant of his people, until he 
returns. Oh my son, my son, my son 1 " 

Once more she gave way to a terrible fit of weeping", 
and then after a lingering, inarticulate farewell she tore 
herself away. As soon as she was gone, Aelius gave 
orders for the homeward march, and Marcus got his 
ovation at last; for the joyful Asturians immediately 
seized upon their two idols, and carried them shoulder 
high down the hill. Nor was Arvac forgotten: the 
men had heard Marcus' account of his services, and 
Marcus' worshippers were grateful. With astonishment, 
not unmixed with terror, Arvac felt himself suddenly 
lifted up in the same fashion, and on the shoulders of a 
stalwart Asturian trooper he passed away from his 
old home, crying bitterly as the long wail of pathetic 

Ritual and Religion, 335 

farewell sounded like the soughing of a winter wind 
from the village behind him But presently Marcus 
and Quintus ordered their two-legged chargers to range 
themselves on either side of their new comrade, and 
the old sorrow was dimmed by the brightness of 
the new life that lay before him. 

" Don't look so glum, Arvac," said Marcus. " If you 
don't behave properly, and laugh as a brother ought to 
laugh, we shall be obliged to sit upon you again." 

" Brother ? " said Arvac slowly, as the full significance 
of the word began to dawn upon him. 

" Yes, brother ! " cried Marcus and Quintus with one 

Arvac gazed at each of the pair in turn, and their 
eyes told him that they spoke the truth. Meanwhile 
the Asturians had heard the remark, and they cheered 

R. H. F. 


God dwelleth not in temples made with hands, 

Only the image man hath grav'n of God. 

Earth's holiest son, who Syrian deserts trod, 

Closed all religion in these two commands, 

"Love God," and "Love thy neighbour"; but the sands 

Of superstition choked that crystal stream 

Of spiritual truth: the seer's dream 

Is misinterpreted: none understands. 

The times are not yet ripe: yet thro' the mist 

Of myth and legend we can still discern 

The master mind: the words of power burn— 

Despite the fable-fiU'd evangelist — 

Proclain^ing that God's kingdom is within. 

And ceremony cannot cleanse from sin. 



A Curate (Balliol), neither a Litiirateur nor yet 
a Philistine entirely, desires Writing or Journalistic 
work in conjunction with his present duties. 

Athenaeum. 20 Dec. 1902. 

Blind circumstances over which 
T had not very much control 

Pitch'd me into the Clerical ditch, 
When I came down from Balliol: 

But this poor mode of growing rich 
Can never satisfy my soul. 

I am not all a Liitirateur^ 
Nor wholly yet a Philistine: 

Such false extremes je tout abjure \ 
The Via Media's more my line: 

But while my forte is souls to cure 
In print I also hope to shine. 

The Church affords to men of brain, 
Stung by the waspish goad of thought, 

A stage of action too inane. 

Before an audience too untaught. 

I beat my luminous wing3 in vain : 
They do not dazzle as they ought. 

And while with pious lips I pray. 

And lead the hymn where mothers meet; 

Or read the lessons for the day 
In Oxford accents wild and sweet; 

I see in vision far away 
The reading public at my feet. 

C. E. B. 


JURIOLV was a chief of the Todas, and when 
his youngest daughter died he decided that 
her funeral ceremonies should be held at 
Kiirkalmuty the burning ground belonging 
to his clan. 

Every Toda has two funerals. Soon after death the 
body is burned with many ceremonies, and this is known 
as the " green funeral." Weeks or months later certain 
relics from the first occasion-*-some hair and a piece of 
the skuU-^are burned and the ashes buried, and this is 
called the " dry funeral." 

When a young child dies, both green and dry funerals 
may be held on one day, and as Siner4ni had only lived 
two years it was arranged that both her funeral 
ceremonies should be performed on the following 
Thursday, the proper day for the last rites of one of 
Kftriolv's people. 

On the appointed day the body of SinerAni, wrapped 
in new clothes, was laid upon a wooden bier and 
borne to the funeral place. Men carried the bier along 
the narrow tracks over the hill-side from the village 
where the child had died. The mourners from the 
village of the child went with the body, and other 
mourners came from all parts of the hills to take their 
part in the funeral of KAriolv's daughter. 

When the bearers came to the funeral place each of 

those present bowed down by the side of the bier so that 

his forehead touched the covering of the body, and the 

first duty of those who came later was to perform this 


338 The Funeral of Sincrani. 

salutation to the dead. The body was placed within a 
hut which had been made by the relatives of the dead 
child. This hut, usually built within a stone circle 
found at every funeral place, had here been placed 
without the circle, for, as later events were to show, the 
funeral of Siner^ni was not being held where Toda 
custom ordained it should take place. 

Within the neighbouring wood a space was cleared, 
and here a funeral pyre was made of the woods especially 
appointed to be used. Meanwhile a small group had 
left the rest and had gone in search of certain kinds of 
wood and grass, which were to be used in one of the 
funeral rites. A little boy, Keinba, was to go through 
a marriage ceremony with the dead child and was to 
place in her hand a little imitation bow and arrow. The 
boy was taken by his father and another man in search 
of the proper kind of wood out of which the bow was to 
be fashioned by stripping off the bark and using it as a 
string. A piece of grass had also to be found to serve 
as the arrow. The boy, and his companions had to go 
far to find the proper plants and there was a long delay, 
during which the mourners sat about in solemn and 
reverent groups awaiting the return of the boy- 

At least an hour must have passed before the two 
men reappeared over the brow of a neighbouring hill, 
the father carrying in his arms the boy who held fast in 
his hands the toy bow and arrow. Their appearance 
was the signal that the funeral ceremonies were to begin 
and all went towards a spot from which could be seen 
the most exciting incident of a Toda funeral. Over the 
top of rising ground, nearly half-a-mile away, came 
four driven buffaloes rushing wildly here and there in 
their eflforts to return to their accustomed pastures. 
Barely had their horns appeared when four of the most 
stalwart and agile Todas dropped their cloaks and 
raced to meet the buffaloes. It is held to be a great 
honour to catch the appointed buffalo by the horns and 

The Funeral of Sinet dnu 339 

to hang on its neck so that its movements are controlled. 
Sometimes the men are badly gored in carrying out this 
part of the funeral rites, but to-day the animal was safely 

The captured buflFalo had now to be led to the spot 
appointed for its slaughter close to the funeral hut. 
The buffalo is driven by a crowd of Todas, who urge the 
animal on by beating it with sticks while its course is 
directed by two men hanging on its horns and round its 

On this occasion it was destined that events should 
not run smoothly. Again and again the buffalo refused 
to move, lay down and had to be dragged by sheer force 
some few feet. The way led over swampy ground and 
here the people failed to drag the animal a foot further. 
They hurriedly took counsel, and then two men stepped 
out from the crowd and danced fantastically up and 
down in front of the prostrate animal. 

One of these men, Mongiidrvan, danced slowly to 
and fro looking but little different from his wont. The 
other was changed beyond recognition, so much had 
the state of frenzy into which he had fallen altered his 
appearance. His hair stood out and yet flopped about 
with every movement as he danced before the buffalo; 
his eyes glittered and his face was more like that of a 
wild and infuriated savage than of the calm and self- 
possessed Toda. As he danced he waved a red cloth 
before the buffalo, and uttered every now and then loud 
semi-chanted sentences. The words were of a strange 
tongue, said to be MalayWam, sufficiently allied, 
however, to Toda speech to allow the hearers to under- 
stand its meaning. 

These men were teuol or diviners, and they were 
divining why the buffalo would not move. Mongftdrvan 
was silent and the oracle was speaking by the mouth 
of Midjkftdr, the most inspired of living teuoL In his 
wild and broken utterance Midjkddr was telling why 
. the buffalo was stubborn. First, it was the wrong 

3 jo The Funeral of Sifter dni. 

buffalo. Kiiriolv had been very fond of his little 
daughter and he was killing at her funeral a buffalo 
which should have been reserved for the funeral of a 
man. Next, it was the wrong place. Very soon the 
dead child was to be married to the boy Keinba, and 
by this would become a member of his clan. The 
funeral ceremonies should have been performed at the 
burning ground of the clan to which the boy belonged. 
In his love for his dead child Kftriolv had twice sinned 
against the traditions of his race^ and the buffalo had 
shown the anger of the gods. 

It was next the part of the teuol to divine how these 
faults could be repaired and in the strange tongue 
came the words that Kdlriolv should offer up a sacred 
buffalo to the god3. KAriolv vowed the offering and, as 
sign that he had done so, knelt down before Perner, the 
grandfather of the boy, Keinba, and Perner raised each 
foot and touched the forehead of the kneeling man. 

The gods were now appeased. The buffalo had had 
a long rest during the divining ceremony and had 
recovered from its maddened fright. It rose and went 
quietly forward to the appointed place, irresistibly 
convincing every Toda of the reality of the divine 

After a bell had been hung round the neck of the 
buffalo and butter rubbed on its horns and back, the 
animal was killed by striking it on the head with the 
back of an axe, and as the buffalo breathed out its last 
breath, the body of the dead child was placed in front 
of the dying animal. 

Before the buffalo was killed the relatives and friends 
of the dead girl had collected round the corpse and 
cried together, and now this was repeated. Each person 
pressed his forehead against the forehead of another, 
and the pair mingled tears and cries. After crying 
together for a while, each pair would separate and seek 
others with whom to mourn and, in so doing, one would 
raise the feet of the other so that they touched his head. 

The Funeral of Sinerdni. 3 4 1 

It was the duty of all to greet certain of the older men 
in this way, and the movements of the crowd were 
especially active round the spots on which these men 
were sitting. At times the wailing would become 
louder, and the crowd of people round the body seemed 
to become a mass of writhing and contorted figures. 
Some were lamenting forehead to forehead, others 
saluting foot to head, while others were struggling 
through the confused mass to seek new partners for one 
or other of these tributes to the dead. 

After a time the lamentation ceased and then 
followed the ceremony performed by the little boy, 
Keinba. The boy knelt down before Kdriolv, the 
father of the dead child, and before Piliag, the brother 
of Kdriolv, and each man raised his feet and touched 
the forehead of the boy, by this accepting him as the . 
husband of the dead child. Then Keinba took the little 
bow and arrow; the cloak, in which the dead child was 
wrapped, was unfolded and the little clenched right 
hand was opened and the boy placed the toy-like bow 
and arrow in the hand. The fingers of the dead hand 
were then closed over the bow so that it grasped it as it 
would have done in life. Then they took the bow from 
the hand and placed it on the breast of the dead child 
and covered again with the cloak. 

Teitnir, a brother of Kiiriolv, then came up and 
adjusted the garment of the boy so that it covered his 
head, a sign that the child was performing the funeral 
ceremonies of his wife, and from this time to the end of 
the funeral the part of chief mourner was taken by the 
little three year old child. 

Teitnir and Keinba then put their foreheads together 
and wept together for a while. Then Sintherap, the 
mother of Sinerftni, gave grain and jaggery and limes 
to her little son-in-law, and he put them in the pocket 
of the cloak of the dead child, and the boy then knelt , 

before his mother-in-law and she touched his fore- 1 

b^ad with each foot. ! 

34^ The Funeral of Sitter ani. 

The body was then borne to the funeral pyre. Food 
of various kinds was placed in the cloak of the dead 
child and Keinba mixed honey with grain in a metal 
bowl to be placed on the bier. Whenever a man is 
performing the funeral ceremonies of his wife and 
wearing his cloak over his head, his arm may not be 
put out from above the cloak but always from below. 
When little Keinba began to stir the grain and honey, 
he put out his right arm from above his cloak as usual 
and began to stir. The people hastily corrected him 
and replaced his arm within the cloak, and then he 
stirred the grain with his arm protruding from beneath 
the cloak as a widower should do. 

A bangle was placed on the arm of the dead girl ; 
rings were put on her fingers ; the bier was decorated 
with ornaments, and rolls of coins were placed in bags 
and put on the bier or in the pocket of the cloak. 

The wrists of the dead child were then burned with a 
roll of lighted cloth,— a rite connected with marriage 
and done after death if it has not been done in life. 
The burning was done by Silkiz, a girl related to the 
child, and Silkiz then started the funeral fire with a 
lighted piece of cloth which had been soaked in butter. 
Butter was placed on the pyre and imitation buffalo 
horns were burned. This was another departure from 
Toda practice. These horns should only be burned at 
the funeral of a male, but so much did Kuriolv love 
his daughter that he could not forbear from sending 
with her to the other world the buffalo horns which are 
the playthings of every Toda child. 

The bier was now taken up and swung three times 
over the fire and then again placed on the ground. 
Then tlie bangle was taken from the arm; all the 
rings except one were taken from the fingers ; some of 
the ornaments were removed from the bier and the rolls 
of coins were taken from the bier or from the pocket of 
the cloak. Having been placed over the fire, they 
would all go to the other world with Sinerilni and yet 

The Funeral of Sitter dni. 343 

they remained behind for use another time. A lock of 
hair was cut from the head of the dead girl by Keinba, 
whose hand had to be held and guided, and the body was 
again placed on the fire. 

While the body was consuming, the people sat around 
the fire within the wood while by the funeral hut Kotas 
were outing up the dead buffalo. The Kotas are a 
tribe of blacksmiths and artizans who provide the 
music at Toda funerals and receive in return the bodies 
of the slaughtered buffaloes. On this occasion they had 
come too late to provide the music, but were nevertheless 
taking their reward. 

For some time the rain had been falling heavily, and 
* less than half-an-hour after the body had been placed on 
the fire, the people decided that the "green funeral" 
was over and that the ''dry funeral" should begin. 
The body was far from being consumed, but it seemed 
that the lock of hair cut off by Keinba was sufficient, 
and that it was unnecessary to wait for the piece of 
burned skull which should form part of the relics of 
the first funeral. 

Again all made their way to the spot from which 
could be seen the catching of the buffalo. This time all 
went well and the doomed animal was driven without 
difficulty to the funeral hut, by the side of which it was 
killed. The hair cut from the head of Siner&ni was 
brought, covered by a cloak, and laid at the mouth of 
the dying animal as had been done with the body not 
long before. The crying and the foot to head saluting 
again went on, but less energetically than in the earlier 
stage of the funeral rites. 

Food was distributed to all the visitors, but no further 
ceremony was to be performed till the following morning, 
when, shortly before daybreak, the hair and other relics 
of the dead child were to be burned and the ashes 

W. H. R. Rivers. 


I. ii^Vy iVi?/^. 

TrtE chiming quarters from the belfry tower 

Though stroke with stroke jar on the listening eaf, 

Four quatrains of melodious sound appear 

Ere booms the deep key-note which tells the hour. 

The mutual discords falter 'neath the power 

Of that prevailing tone for ever near 

Though unrevealed : then sounds its clarion clear, 

And lo! the harmonic chord in perfect flower. 

So Faith, preceding Knowledge, doth forestall 

The Day which comes to banish plaintive cries. 

Hearing a note with sense prophetical 

With which our sobs of suffering harmonise ; 

Feeling that Love is dominant in all. 

Ere the last trump proclaim it from the skies. 

i. Harmonic Note. 

Whence come great thoughts and aspirations high 

That suddenly transfuse with sacred fire 

The dull monotony of low desire, 

And stir the soul with new-born energy? 

Whence comes the gracious dew that floods the eye 

In looking on the past— the clay and mire, 

That fouled the footsteps ? Whence the noble ire 

At deeds that shame our immortality? 

Music. 345 

Come they not hence? Man's soul a viol is 
Tuned to low measures, yet strange quiverings 
Stir it at times in spite of earthly leaven : 
Then, ever watchful for the grace of this. 
An Angel's finger presses on the strings 
And sounds a high harmonic note of Heaven 

3. Temperament. 

•* No earth-bofn good in every part is blessed " : 
So sang of old the Roman poet-sage. 
E'en Music, man's sublimest heritage, 
Falls short of full perfection with the rest. 
Within the organ's octave-range compressed 
The attendant chords in helpless vassalage 
With flattened harmonies the ear engage, 
That secretly the finer sense molest. 

Shadow of loss o'er every gift is flung j 
Earth-notes, though sweet, the flaws of earth retain ; 
But raised at length the heavenly choir among. 
Music's unfettered lyre new powers will gain. 
Th' angelic harps in perfect tune are strung. 
And pleasure knows no undertone of pain. 

F. H. D. 



I HE old Tithe Barn at Murston Rectory has 
just been taken down and its materials sold, 
under a Faculty from the Commissary Court 
of Canterbury, bearing date June 17, 1902. 
Of little or no use to the living, since the Tithe Com- 
mutation Act came into operation, the Barn possessed 
some historical interest, as is evidenced by the following 
inscription engraved on a stone tablet, now in the 
possession of the Rector, and formerly built into the 
wall of the barn near the door : 

Si natura negat facit indigmatio versum 

The barne which stood where this now stands, 

Was burnt down by the rebelis hands, 

In December 1659. 
The barne which stands where tether stood 
By Richard Tray is now made good 
In July 1662. 

All things you burne 

Or overturne 
But build up nought : pray tell 
Is this the fire of zeal or hell ? 

Yet you doe all 

By the spirits call 
As you pretend, but pray 
What spirit ist ? Abadon I dare say. 

In the oldest register of the parish, apparently in 
Mr Tray's handwriting, and neatly copied into a later 
register by another hand, the inscription is given with- 

The Tithe Barn at Murston. 347 

out the mistakes printed above, and with a Latin version 
of the poem. After the date July 1662 the manuscript 
proceeds : 

Ex Oweni Epigram : Michaeli Livesay Equiti 
et Bartholomeo May Fanaticis. 

Omnia diruitis, nihil aedificatis in Orbe 
Zelus hie an Scelus est ? Fervor hie an furor est ? 

Spiritas at vestris pretenditur omnibus ausis 
Qualis at hie vestes spiritus est ? Abadon. 

Anglic^. All things you burne, &c. as before given. 

The following note as to the Rev Richard Tray 
occurs in one of the Registers. 

" The Rev Mr Richard Tray, Prebendary of Roch- 
ester, Rector of S. Mary's in Hoo, and of this Parish, 
was turned out of the Former of these Livings by the 
Committee for Plundered Ministers in the Year 1641. 
He was greatly Harrassed by the Soldiers and Courts 
of those times : Had his Barn at Murston with all the 
Com in it burnt to the Ground, by Order of one Sir 
Michael Livesey, who thrusted one Broadthick into the 
Living, but afterwards upon King Charles the Second's 
Return, Mr Tray had the Quiet Enjoyment of them 
both. He Preached a Famous Assize Sermon before 
Lard Chief Justice Bridgeman, whose Interest got him 
the Prebend of Rochester in 1661. 

See Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy y Folio Vol : 

Page 379- 

Mr Tray's name appears in a list, written inside the 
cover of the same Register, of the Clergy who lie buried 
in the Church or Chancel. The entry in the Burial 
Register however is as follows : 

October ye 26th 1664 

Richard Tray Rector of Murston was buried 

in Breadhurst ChancelL 

It will be seen from the foregoing notes that there 
is some reason for believing that the present stone is 

34^ The Tithe Barn at Murston, 

not the original one placed on the bam by Mr Richard 
Tray, but a later one with English verses substituted 
for the Latin. We must leave to critics the discussion 
from internal evidence of the priority of either version. 
Above the inscription on the stone are engraved the 
arms of the Family of the Hales of Kent, which are 
also to be found on the ancient chalice. We quote 
again from a note in the Register. 

" The Communion Plate of this Parish was the Gift 
of Edward Hales Esq : as appears by the Inscription 
on the Cup, on which is likewise engraved the Arms of 
the Antient Family of the Hales's of Kent, viz. Gules, 
Three Arrows Or, headed and feathered Argent- 

Obtulit hunc Calicem cum duabus Patinis Edwardus Hales 
Amiiger, Filius nata mazimns Dom Edward! Hales Baronetti, 
Parochiae de Murston Patronus Pientissimus in illius Honorem 
cuj : hinc pro Salute nostra Servitur, 1673. 

Sam. Symonds ibidem Rectore. 

On each of the Patents are engraved the Crest of the 
Antient Family of the Hales of Tunstal in this County, 
viz. An Armed Arm embowed propper garnished Or, 
bound about with a Ribband Gules holding an Arrow 
headed and Feathered Argent." 

•* This Edward was slain in the cause of King James 
2nd at the Battle of the Boyne, with whom his Father 
Sir Edward left the Kingdom, and was by him created 
Earl of Tenterden in this County, Viscount Emley, Baron 
of Tunstal ; he died abroad and left his eldest surviving 
son John to enjoy his Titles and Estate, but as the 
Creation of the Peerage was after the King's abdication 
it was never allowed in England, so that they still 
remain only Baronets, which Title is now enjoyed by 
Sir Edward Hales of St Stephen's, Canterbury, Grand- 
son to the late Sir John, younger brother to the afore- 
mentioned Edward Hales Esq." 

St John's Street. 

JHE frontispiece of the present number is a 
view of the front of the College, with St 
John's Street, as it existed before the present 
Chapel was built. 
Starting on the left of the picture we have part of the 
present front of the College. The window and rain- 
water pipe are at the extremity of the older part of the 
front as it now exists. The low battlemented building, 
with three windows to the street, is the passage round 
the east end of the old Chapel to the ' Labyrinth ' ; so 
called, not because the building itself was labyrinthine, 
but on account of the extraordinary tortuous passage by 
which it was reached. This passage started at the 
north-east corner of the first court in a direction due 
east, wound round the east end of the Chapel, and then 
past Fisher's Chantry, where it was so narrow that two 
people could hardly pass one another in it, then turning 
south it led into a well of a court open to the sky, but 
only a few yards wide. 

The high gable which comes next in the picture is 
the east end of the Labyrinth. An account of this 
building as *The Infirmary' will be found in C. C. 
Babington's "History of the Old Chapel." This 
building had been put to many uses. Originally the 
Chapel of the old Hospital of St John, which preceded 
the College, then in the early days of the College used 

350 Onr Frontispiece* 

as a stable and storehouse, it was about 1587 fitted up 
with three floors and converted into rooms. 

Next this building comes "St John's Lane," a 
narrow lane which ran along the north side of the 
College to the River. Mr LoSts, the present Chapel 
Clerk, remembers as a boy riding horses down the lane 
to the river, to drink or wash their feet, the horses 
walking in the shallow part at the foot of the Library. 
The front line of the buildings on the north side of this 
lane is as nearly as may be the centre line of the 
present Chapel. 

Beyond the lane are the old houses and shops in 
St John's Street, destroyed to make room for the 
Chapel. The building on the right of the picture in the 
foreground stood on the site now occupied by the 
Divinity Schools. The gable end we see was used as 
a stable for the Master and Fellows, with a hay-loft 

The gate opened into a yard in which stood the 
College Bakehouse and Baker's house; while at the 
corner of All Saints' Passage (not shewn in the 
picture) were two houses, occupied latterly by the 
College Cook and Butler. 

During the year i86a negotiations were proceeding 
between the College and the Corporation of Cambridge 
for the closing of St John's Lane and an agreement was 
arrived at, whereby the Corporation consented to the 
vesting of the freehold of the lane, and of a yard 
opening out of, it in the College ; the College on its 
part giving up a wedged-shaped piece of land, starting 
with a point at the nearer end of the battlemented 
building and widening out to the breadth of two 
houses in Bridge Street. This land was thrown into 
St John's Street and more than doubled its width. 
Some years ago when the street was opened for the 
purpose of examining some drains the foundations of 
the old houses, shewn in the picture, were laid bare 
about the middle of the present carriage way. 

Our Frcntispuce. 3 5 1 

The arrangement between the College and the 
Corporation was embodied in a private Act of 
Parliament, called "The Cambridge Street Act 1863." 
Presumably the photograph, of which our plate is a copy, 
was taken after the Act was passed and just before the 
buildings were demolished. It will be observed that 
the tiles have been removed from the roof of the tall 
house at the end of the lane. 


• '*-:J/!: 



The Master. 

£ccLEStASTtCUS xUv. I. L€t us nam prdisi famous mtn, 

I HAT mean ye by this servicer" is a 

question put and answered in the twelfth 

chapter of Exodus with reference to the 

annual memorial service of the Passover. 

How shall we answer it in respect of our special service 

of to-day ? 

Its title proclaims that it is for the Commemoration 
of Benefactors. But who and what are they ? and in 
what way or ways are they entitled to the name under 
which we commemorate them ? 

When the Catalogue of Benefactors has been read, 
we shall say, next after the Lord's Prayer, a Collect 
commencing thus, " O Lord, we glorify Thee in these 
Thy servants our Benefactors departed out of this life, 
beseeching Thee that as they for their time bestowed 
charitably for our comfort the temporal things which 
Thou didst give them ; " and continuing thus, " So we 
for our time may fruitfully use the same to the setting 
forth of Thy Holy Word, Thy laud and praise." In a 
word, we pray that their benefactions may be true 
benefactions : good gifts not only in the pious intention 
of the givers, but in use and efifect. The College with 
the help of the gifts and endowments of its Founders 
and Benefactors should raise up a succession of men 
duly qualified to serve God in Church and State. From 

The CommemoraftoH Sermon. 353 

year to year and from age to age it has taught and 
trained students according to the varying requirements 
of the time ; and from the multitude of its alumni some 
have stood out in greater or less degree from their 
fellows as the choicest products of a place of sound 
learning and religious education. 

The framers of our Commemoration Service were duly 
mindful of the two aspects of benefactions. Good seed 
may be sown with good intent, and yet come to nothing. 
The final judgment of all things is by their fruits. The 
glory of Benefactors is not only in their giving, but in 
the outcome of their gifts. 

Very appropriate therefore is the Lesson to be read 
after the last three Psalms, from the " Wisdom of Ben 
Sira,"the book Ecclesiasticus, beginning, "Let us now 
praise famous men." Let us praise famous men, 
especially those whom we can claim as our own. 

Among the men whom we are called upon 
to praise are " Such as did bear rule in their kingdoms, 
men renowned for their power, giving counsel by 
their understanding. ..Leaders of the people by their 
counsels, and by their knowledge of learning meet for 
the people, wise and eloquent in their instructions i 
Such as found out musical tunes, and recited verses in 
writing.. .AH these were honoured in their generations, 
and were the glory of their times.. .The people shall tell 
of their wisdom, and the congregation shall shew foi;th 
their praise." 

** Such as found out musical tunes, and recited verses 
in writing." Of the goodly array of poets which is one 
of the chief glories of our University none rank higher 
than two reared on the twin foundations of the Lady 
Margaret. On the memory of these, and of such as found 
out musical tunes, I will not now dwell. But in this 
year I must not omit to say a w^ord about the musical 
accompaniment of our Chapel Services, careful and 
excellent before, but now bettered by the recent 
renovation of the Organ, an instrument made for. us by 
VOL. XXI v. zz 

354 ^A^ Commemoration Sermon. 

Robert Dallam of Westminster in the eleventh year of 
Charles I. and paid for out of Robert Booth's legacy ; 
rebuilt by skilled hands since our last Commemoration ; 
and brought into use again on the 4th November, with 
an inaugural recital by the Master of the King's 

This year 1903 is a year of years for its memorial 
significance. Three centuries of retrospect bring us 
to an age of creativeness in Letters and Science: of 
new departures in Church and State; of heroic and 
brilliant men and great achievements ; a very Goldea 
Age for England, in all but its reality. 

Looking at this Chapel from the First Court you will 
see seven buttresses, each with a statue upon it. Third 
from the right and fifth from the left is the effigy of 
William Gilbert of Colchester, whose character and 
career are thus briefly sketched in the quaint terse 
record of Thomas Fuller, *' He had (saith my 
informer) the clearness of Venice glass, without the 
brittleness thereof; soon ripe, and long lasting, in his 
perfections. He commenced doctor in physic, and was 
physician to queen Elizabeth, who stamped on him 
many marks of her favour, besides an annual pension 
to encourage his studies. He addicted himself to 
chemistry, attaining to great ex^actness therein. One 
saith of him, * that he was stoical^ but not cynical ' ; 
which I understand reserved but not morose; never 
married, purposely to be more beneficial to his brethren. 
Such his loyalty to the queen, that, as if unwilling to 
survive, he died in the same year with her, 1603. His 
stature was tall, complexion cheerful; an happiness 
not ordinary in so hard a student and retired a person. 
He lieth buried in Trinity church in Colchester, under 
a plain monument. Mahomet's tomb at Mecca is 
said strangely to hang up, attracted by some invisible 
load-stone ; but the memory of this doctor will never 
fall to the ground, which his incomparable book 
Dc Magnete will support to eternity." 

The Comnumoralion Sermon. 355 

Thus the tercentenary year of the death of the 
famous Gilbert is also that of the death of Queen 

Foremost of statesmen in the Elizabethan age was 
our William Cecil, of whom the same Fuller writes 
under the head of Statesmen of Lincolnshire, giving 
him the choice of titles to distinction, " But, without 
the least adulation, we are bound to proflFer this worthy 
peer his own election ; whether he will be pleased to 
repose himself under Benefactors to the Public, all 
England in that age being beliolden to his bounty... 
acknowledging, under God and the queen, their 
prosperity the fruit of his prudence. Or else he may 
rest himself under the title of Lawyers, being long bred 
in the Inns of Court, and more learned in our municipal 
law than many who made it their sole profession... He 
was in his age moderator aulce^ steering the court at his 
pleasure ; and whilst the earl of Leicester would endure 
no equal, and Sussex no superior therein, he, by siding 
with neither, served himself with both." 

Cecil entered the College in May 1535 ; was a junior 
contemporary of Roger Ascham, and of John Cheke 
(whose sister Mary became Cecil's first wife); like them 
he attained the then rare distinction of a good knowledge 
of Greek; afterwards, in 1550, he became Secretary of 
State and Privy Councillor ; and thenceforth for forty- 
eight years, as it is said, he was a greater man than 
any other in Europe of lower degree than sovereign, 
and the absolutely necessary minister of the three 
children of Henry VIII who sat upon his throne. 

To this day, in pursuance of an agreement with 
William, the first Lord Burghley, and his son and heir 
Thomas Cecil, we send preachers, the one to Stamford, 
the other now to Hatfield instead of *' Chesthunt," who 
there declare yearly on Sundays after Michaelmas the 
gift of our Benefactor the said Lord Burghley to the 

The Royal Geographical Society devoted its meeting 

356 The Commemoration Sermon. 

held on the 23rd March last, and fully reported in the 
Times of the 24th, to the commemoration of the great 
geographical and exploring enterprises of the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

Queen Elizabeth, said the President, Sir Clements 
Markham, was the fortunate Sovereign of our first great 
discoverers and explorers ; of enlightened and munificent 
promoters of geographical research ; of our first accurate 
cartographers ; of the authors of our first navigation 
books; of our first magnetic observers. The names 
of the great Elizabethan seamen, as Hawkins, Drake, 
Cavendish, Frobisher, Davis and Lancaster, are still 
household words with us after three centuries. 

Worthy to be remembered as their remembrancer 
was Richard Hakluyt, who saw two great needs of his 
country, and set to work before leaving Oxford to 
remedy them. Our seamen lacked science; and 
important voyages were falling into oblivion for want 
of a record. " For instance, not a single line of writing 
by John Cabot has been preserved." 

Hakluyt and Sir Walter Raleigh promoted the 
colonisation of Virginia, and thereby the foundation of 
the United States of North America, of which Virginia 
was then nearly the whole. Spenser in the dedication 
of his Faerie Queene crowns Elizabeth as Queen of 

A famous Elizabethan map of the world is called by 
Shakespeare in Twelfth Night, " the new map with the 
augmentation of the Indies." This (continued Sir 
Clements) was the first English map on the so-called 
Mercator's projection. But it was really Edward 
Wright's projection. The Cambridge student made a 
voyage with the Earl of Cumberland ; put his theories 
to the test of practice ; and shewed how to correct grave 
errors in the charts of the day. 

Samuel Purchas, a graduate of the College, chaplain 
to George Abbot Archbishop of Canterbury, and, from 
16 14 to his death in 1626 at the age of fifty-one, rector 

The Commemeratton Sermon. 357 

of St Martin's, Ludgate, has preserved a record of 
voyages otherwise unknown in his " Hakluytus 
Posthumus or Purchas his Pilgrims, containing a 
History of the World in Sea Voyages and Land- 
Trauells by Englishmen and others." 

"Perhaps Briggs and Gunter were the greatest of 
the Elizabethan scientific geographers ; for the discovery 
of logarithms by Napier made a complete revolution in 
the science of navigation, and Briggs and Gunter 
brought the discovery into practical use. Briggs went 
through the gigantic labour of calculating his tables of 
logarithms of natural numbers. No greater service has 
ever been done by one man for navigation, and Luke 
Fox did well to immortalize it by naming an island in 
Hudson's Bay, Mr Briggs his Mathematics." 

Henry Briggs entered the College in 1579, where he 
was Scholar, Fellow and Lin acre Lecturer. For twenty- 
three years he was Professor of Geometry in Gresham 
College, London, and Saville made him his Professor 
of Astronomy at Oxford in 161 9. From Merton College 
there he wrote to Kepler, suggesting improvements in 
his new geometry. The discoverer of logarithms was 
also a great lover of astrology, ** but Briggs the most 
satirical man against it that hath been known." 

At th« same meeting of the Geographical Society the 
great name which I would now chiefly commemorate 
was duly honoured, " William Gilbert and Terrestrial 
Magnetism" being the subject of a paper read by 
Professor Silvanus Thompson.* 

William Gilbert, or Gilberd or Gylberd as he wrote 
it, was born in 1540, son of Hierom Gilberd, the recorder 
of Colchester, "a councillor of great esteem in his 
profession." From the local Grammar School he passed 
to this College in May 1558, where he was admitted 
Fellow in the third year from his matriculation, on the 
27th March 1561. He commenced M.A. in 1564; 

* Sec also the Dt Magnttt edited in English by P. Fleury Moltelay (1893). 

353 The Comnumoralion Sermon. 

served as College Examiner in Mathematics in 1565 and 
1566; was appointed Senior Bursar on the 22nd 
January 1569, and admitted M.D. of Cambridge, and 
admitted Senior Fellow and appointed President of the 
College, in the same year. The next four years he devoted 
to foreign travel ; on his return from Italy he settled in 
London ; and in 1573 he was elected Fellow of the Royal 
College of Physicians, of which he became Censor, 
Treasurer, and in 1599 President. In February 1601 
Queen Elizabeth appointed him herphysician in;ordinary. 
For a short time he served her successor also in the 
like capacity ; but he survived the Queen eight months 
only, and died on the 30th November 1603. 

Gilbert's great work De MagneU was the foundation I 

stone of science in England. He was one who had ' 

thought for himself and assimilated the best learning ' 

of his time. "For twenty years he experimented 
ceaselessly, and read and wrote and speculated, and 
tested his speculations by new experiments. For 
eighteen years he kept beside him the manuscript of 
his treatise which in the year 1600 saw the light." 

"The year 1600," writes the historian Hallam, "was 
the first in which England produced a remarkable work 
in physical science ; but this was one sufficient to raise 
a lasting reputation to its author. Gilbert, a physician, 
in his Latin treatise on the Magnet, not only collected all 
the knowledge which others had possessed on that subject, 
but became at once the father of experimental philosophy 
in this island, and by a singular felicity and acuteness 
of genius, the founder of theories which have been 
revived after the lapse of ages, and are almost universally 
received into the creed of the science... Gilbert was also 
one of our earliest Copernicans...and with his usual 
sagacity inferred, before the invention of the telescope, 
that there must be a multitude of fixed stars beyond 
the range of our vision." 

The poet Dryden predicts that 

Gilbert shall live till loadstones cease to draw. 

The Commevioration Sermon, 359 

It has been said of his great work, " There is 
abundant testimony extant that this De Magnete of 
Gilbert's produced a profound sensation, not only in 
this country but throughout the then civilized world, 
and it is a singularly curious fact that the brilliancy of 
a reputation so great and so original should have been 
allowed in subsequent generations to have been lost 
sight of." Dr John Davy in 1836 expressed surprise 
that the book had then never been translated into 
English. Latin had ceased to be, what it was when the 
book was first published, the cosmopolitan vehicle of the 
thoughts of scholars, and for this reason among others 
Gilbert's name had almost fallen into oblivion. A later 
ixrork of Gilbert, written partly in English, was published 
after his death in Latin, under the title De Alundo nostra 
Sublunari Philosophia nova (1651). 

Not only was Latin then preferred as the universal 
academic language, but English writers, to judge from 
one of the most famous, altogether mistrusted the future 
of their mother tongue. Careful of his credit with 
posterity, Francis Bacon writes to his friend Toby 
Matthew (1623), "My labours are now most set to 
have those works which I had formerly published., well 
translated into Latin by the help of some good pens 
which forsake me not. For these modern languages 
will at one time or other play the bank-rowtes with 
books; and since I have lost much time with this age, 
I would be glad, as God shall give me leave, to recover 
it with posterity." 

Of the Latin translation of the Advancement of 
Learning he wrote in the same year, *• It is a book, I 
think, will live, and be a citizen of the world, as English 
books are not." Two years later, in the dedication of 
last edition of his Essays, he trusts that "the Latin 
Volume of them (being in the universal language) may 
last as long as books ?hall last." 

The scope of Gilbert's De Magnete is indicated by its 
full title, which is in English, " On the Loadstone and 

360 The Commemoralion Sermcn, 

Magnetic Bodies, and on the great Magnet the earth. 
A New Physiology demonstrated with many arguments 
and experiments." Thus with him originated the idea 
of Terrestrial Magnetism, or, in other words, the theory 
of Gravitation. In his posthumously published work 
De Mundo nostra Suhlunari he wrote, " The force which 
emanates from the moon reaches to the earth, and in 
like manner the magnetic virtue of the earth pervades 
the region of the moon. ..The earth attracts and repels 
the moon, and the moon. ..the earth ; not so as to make 
the bodies come together, as magnetic bodies do, but so 
that they may go on in a continuous course." 

His new Physiology was disparaged by his younger 
contemporary Bacon, who clung to the Ptolemaic 
geocentricism ; but it was rightly appreciated by the 
leaders of thought who were preparing the way for the 
masterwork of Newton. Galileo wrote of Gilbert, '*I 
extremely admire and envy this author." Of Kepler 
Frisch writes, in his edition of the great astronomer's 
works, that when he saw Gilbert's De Afagnefe he at 
once welcomed it with great joy and studied it with the 
utmost diligence ; and that in almost all his books he 
recurred to it, relying upon Gilbert's theory and turning 
it to his own use. Gilbert by his marvellous insight 
and careful experiments had supplied what was lacking 
in the Copernican hypothesis, accounting by his theory 
of attraction for the retention of the planets in the 
orbits which Kepler himself had concluded from 
observations that they described about the Sun. 

Enough has been said to establish Gilbert's claim to 
universal recognition as one of the leading promoters 
of the Renaissance of Science. Of this great man 
but few personal relics have been preserved. His 
portrait disappeared from the Schools Gallery at Oxford 
a century ago, and only an engraving of it now 
remains. Specimens of his handwriting have been 
found of late years, including four signatures in the 
books of the • College. His scientific collections, 

The Commemoration Sermon. 361 

bequeathed to the Royal College of Physicians, 
perished in the great Fire of London ; " but his true 
monument is the immortal treatise in which he laid 
the foundations of terrestrial magnetism and of the 
experimental science of electricity." 

For a foreshadowing of the New Learning we may 
go back to Roger Bacon in the thirteenth century, but 
progress was arrested by the Schoolmen of the time. 

Telesius, three centuries later, complains that his 
predecessors, who speculated about the world, " appear 
never to have looked at it, but to have made an 
arbitrary world of their own." Leonardo da Vinci 
proclaims Experience the true and infallible interpreter 
of Nature. Campanella, born in 1568, counsels men to 
"compare books with that first and original writing 
the world." His contemporary Galileo scoflFs at the 
"paper philosophers," and teaches that philosophy is 
written in the book of the Universe, **but it cannot be 
understood except we first know the language and 
learn the characters in which it is written." 

The prophets of Physical Science are Benefactors of 
the world to an extent best appreciated in a place of 
Learning. The material benefits which accrue from 
their labours are patent to all ; but they have also 
helped to win for us the mental freedom which we now 
and here enjoy, and have set an example of accuracy 
of thought and method in studies not their own. 
Deferring to dogma and prejudice, early discoverers 
taught their conclusions as dubious hypotheses. Galileo 
wrote to Kepler that, years after his adoption of the 
Copernican system of the heavens, he still continued 
to teach the antiquated Ptolemaic system in public. 
William Harvey (1578-1657), in the matter of the 
circulation of the blood, writes, " So new and unheard 
of are my discoveries that I not only anticipate some 
evil from the envy of particular persons, but even 
dread incurring the enmity of all." 

Francis Bacon lagged behind the leaders in the 

362 The Commemoration Sermon. 

warfare of science ; he forged no real new instrument 
for its advancement ; he rejected the modern astronomy, 
in due time to be perfected by the Novum Organon of 
the Newtonian calculus ; but by his power and authority 
as a writer he contributed, after Gilbert, in a degree 
not precisely measurable, to the progress of research and 
the emancipation of thought. 

Upon each generation of men devolves the duty of 
using the talents bequeathed to them so as to leave the 
world better than they found it. 

We are asked to day to contribute to the maintenance 
of the College Mission in Walworth, now in the twenty- 
first year from its inception ; for the cause was first 
advocated by a preacher in this Chapel on Sexagesima 
Sunday 1883. The suggestion came from a former 
Fellow, but it was the responsive enthusiasm of the 
younger members of the Society that gave eflFect to the 
word spoken. What they helped to originate, let their 
successors do their best to promote. 

By the strenuous work of its Missioners and the 
personal service of its members the College has set an 
example to other Colleges and to the University at 
large, and has thus directly or indirectly been the means 
of regenerating neglected districts in the wilderness of 
South London, and helping to raise not a few of its 
multitudinous inhabitants to a higher life. 

William Francis Kemp M.A. 

Mr W. F. Kemp, who died on the 5th January 1Q05. at 
z, Grenville Place, London, S.W., was a layman who both by 
the grace of his character and by the position which he occupied, 
and may be almost said to have created, exercised a unique 
influence in the Church of England during the last half of the 
nineteenth century. 

Mr W. F. Kemp was the eldest son of the Rev Edward Curtis 
Kemp, sometime Rector of Whissonsett, Norfolk, and afterwards 
incumbent of St George's in Yarmouth, where he died 10 June 
188 1, aged 86. The Rev £. C. Kemp was also a Johnian, and 
was 1 2 th wrangler in 1817 ; he was, we believe, born at Wickham 
Market, in Suffolk, and was an author of some note in his day. 

Mr W. F. Kemp, who was born in Great Yarmouth in 1827, 
was admitted a pensioner of the College i July 1846, he took 
his B A. degree in 1850. He was admitted a student of the. 
Inner Temple 4 November 185 1, and was called to the Bar 
9 June 1854. ^" '^55 ^^ ^^'^^ appointed an Assistant Secretary 
to the S.P.G. At that time the home work of the Society had 
scarcely been organised at all. He conceived and carried out 
a plan at once simple and effective, by which every part of the 
country was reached by representatives of the society. After 
making careful search in each archdeaconry he found a resident 
incumbent, possessed of influence among his brethren, and of 
aptitude for the work, whose duty it was to endeavour to hava 
the claims of the society brought before every parish. The 
effect was speedily visible. The remittances to the society 
increased by 40 per cent, in ten years. It was from the first, 
until his resignation last year, the chief of Mr Kemp's duties to 
superintend the operations of these organising secretaries and of 
the deputations who were sent to all parts of the country to 
lecture and preach as the society's advocates. This work 
brought him into direct relations with the Bishops, and a large 
number of the clergy and laity all over England and Wales ; 
and in these relations the beauty of his character was universally 

364 Cbi/uary. 

felt during the forty-seven years that he held his oflSce. As the 
society said in its valedictory address to him, he did his difficult 
vork — 

"Not only wilh signal ability, but with conciliatory tact, 
truly giving no offtrnce to any man. His calm and business-like 
perseverance has been invaluable to the society, and has borne 
fruit in the steady growth of its resources available for Mission 

The troublesome details of the organisation had always 
a pleasant aspect under his treatment, and he was beloved as 
a personal friend by the large circle who might have been but 
acquaintances had it not been for the thoughtfulness for others, 
the pains taken by him in his plans, and the charm of his 
manner and his character, which were felt by those with whom 
he had to do. 

He died just two days after the anniversary of the death of 
his colleague and life-long friend, Prebendary Tucker, the news 
of whose death on January 3rd, 1902, was a severe shock to him, 
and he perhaps never really rallied from it. Three months later 
he resigned his office, and, like Mr Tucker, enjoyed his retire- 
ment for but a very short time. He worked up to the end of 
his strength, and. accurately judging when it was failing, may 
almost be said to have died in harness. 

Mr Kemp was the secretary to the Royal Commission on 
Ritual, of which one of the fruits was the Revised Leciionary, 
authorised in 1871. 

Mr W. F. Kemp married, 28 August i860, Julia Lane Grace, 
third daughter of the late Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford D.C.L., 
and leaves a family of four sons and three daughters. 

Rev Canon John Morley Leb M.A. 

The Rev Canon Lee, who died at Botley Rectory, Southamp- 
ton, on the 20th January 1903, was one of those quiet and devoted 
workers who form the very pith and marrow of the Church. He 
was the son of Henry Lee, builder, and was born in St Luke's 
parish, Chelsea, Middlesex, 12 October 1825. He was educated 
at Oundle School, and was admitted a pensioner of St John's 
23 April 1844. He took his degree as a Senior Optime in 1848. 
He was a distinguished cricketer in his day, and played in the 

Obituary, 365 

University Eleven against Oxford in 1846, 1847, and '848; he 
was an eHective bowler and in these matches took twenty 
wickets. He also played in the Surrey Eleven against All 
England in 1847 and 1848. We take tlie following account 
of his clerical life from The Guardian for January 28th : 

He was ordained by the Bishop of Ely in 1850 to the curacy 
of Long Melford, whence he went to Abbots Langley and 
became curate to the late Canon Gee. His father then bought 
for him the living of Botley, near Southampton, to which he 
was instituted in 1855, when only twenty-nine years of age. 
A new rectory-house had been built for him by his father, and 
he at once applied himself to erecting new schools, which he 
afterwards twice enlarged. The church was a poor one, having 
been built in 1835 to replace an old one situated at some 
distance from the village, but he and his parishioners have 
spent large sums of money from time to lime in enlarging and 
beautifying it. In 1874 he formed the outlying district of 
Hedge End into a new parish, and built church, vicarage, and 
schools. In all his intercourse with his parishioners he was 
most happy: endowed with a most genial and sympathetic 
manner, and a heart full of tenderness for those in any trouble 
or sorrow, he became endeared to all alike, both rich and poor, 
by the loving earnestness of his ministry and the simple but 
unswerving consistency of his life. 

In the larger sphere of the rural deanery, to the oversight of 
which he was appointed by Bishop Sumner three years after he 
came to Botley, he was equally beloved and respected. He 
cordially welcomed the help of the laity at his ruridecanal con- 
ferences, and he was fond of saying that, as a Rural Dean, he 
was highly favoured by having such a distinguished set of church 
laymen in his deanery. To the clergy he was ever a ready helper 
and adviser, full of tact and consideration for their difficulties. 
He had seen, as Rural Dean, every one of the twenty-two livings 
in the deanery vacated and filled up, some of them several times. 
He did much to promote Church work and to deepen spiritual 
life in the deanery not merely by friendly interest in our parishes 
and a ready response for any request for help, but also by 
calling the deanery together for united worship and counsel. 
I need only mention the Annual Sunday-School Teichers' 
Festivals, the Missionary Conferences, the Quiet Days for the 
clergy all these were carefully planned and admirably carried 

366 Ohiiuary. 

out. It has probably fa'len to the lot of few Rural Deans to BlI 
the office for such a length of lime ; it has certainly been the lot 
of none to vacate it with more universal esteem and affection. 
In the diocese generally Canon Lee will be missed in almost 
every department of Church work. Under Bishop Wilberforce 
he was elected a secretary of the Hants Diocesan Church Asso* 
ciation, and when Bishop Thorold amalgamated the Hants and 
Surrey Associations into one, under the name of the Winchester 
Diocesan Society, Canon Lee became general secretary for the 
Hampshire portion of the diocese, a post which he retained 
until his last illness. 

He was an active member of many diocesan committees, was 
a strenuous worker in the temperance cause, a total at>stainer, 
but a faithful upholder of the sound and moderate principles of 
the C.E.T.S. He was most successful in the management of 
his parochial branch, and became lessee of an old-established 
public-house in the village, in order to open it as a coffee-house 
and working men's club. 

He generally attended Church Congresses, and frequently 
invited some of his brother clergy to accompany him, enter- 
taining them hospitably. His interest in the Church abroad 
was unmistakeable — mention has already been made of the 
missionary conferences which he organised at Botley, at which 
representatives of all the great societies were invited to speak. 
It was a great happiness to him to invite some hero from the 
Mission-field like Bishop Selwyn, or his successor. Bishop Cecil 
AVilson, to come and infuse a spirit of missionary zeal into the 
breasts of the clergy and laity whom he would gather within the 
walls of his Church for united prayer and intercession, or in the 
Market-hall for conference, or under the shady trees of the 
rectory lawn for some thrilling reminiscences of missionary life. 

His body was laid to rest on Saturday, January 24th, ia 
Botley Churchyard, to which it was borne from the rectory by 
relays of bearers. The service, which was attendeti by a large 
number of the clergy from various parts of the diocese, was read 
by the Bishop of Newcastle, an old and valued friend, and by two 
former curates, the Rev G. S. Streatfeild, rector of Fenny 
Compton, and the Rev J. P. Nash, rector of Bishops VValtham. 

A notice of Canon Lee in Tht Record for January 30th 
concludes as follows : 

Never prominently identifying himself with any party in the 

Obituary. 367 

Church, he pursued Ihe even tenor of his way, combining all 
that is decent and comely with the most perfect simplicity in 
the worship of God, giving to Christ and His finished work 
the pre-eminence in all his teaching; satisfied himself with the 
old ways, and satisfying others with the whole counsel of God^ 
and with the clear and simple declaration of the truth as it is in 
Christ Jesus. To the writer of these lines, who knew him 
intimately, the mind of Canon Lee always appeared to be cast 
in the same mould as that of the late Dean Vaughan. 

To everything that he undertook he brought not only an 
enthusiasm that was contagious, but also a clear-headed business 
capacity which marked him out as the leader of his associates. 
Even more conspicuous than his gifts of organization was the 
beauty of his character, which won for him the hearts of all who 
Were brought within his influence, and made him as truly the 
centre of universal affection as he was of universal respect. 

Joseph Parry Mus.D. 

Although the tie between Dr Parry and the College is but 
slight, he appears both in the College and University Registers 
as a member of St John's. He was admitted to the College as 
a matter of form to enable him to take a degree in Music 
iSlh November 1870, proceeding to his Mus.B. degree in 1871. 
He was again admitted 9th October 1877 and took the Mus.D. 
degree in 1878. 

Dr Parry was of humble Welsh parentage. His father, Daniel 
Parry, was a 'finer,' presumably some kind of workman, in the iron 
works at Merthyr Tydvil Joseph Parry was born in Chapel Row, 
Merth3rr Tydvil, co. Glamorgan, 21st May 18 fi. His mother, 
whose maiden name was Elizabeth Richards, was a Superior 
woman with much music in her nature. At an early age young 
Parry showed that he had real musical talent, but when only 
ten years old he was forced to go to the puddling furnaces and 
to stop education of any kind. In 1853 his father emigrated to 
the United States, and the family followed him the year after. 
After a few years in the United States, Parry returned home, and 
then received some instruction in music from John Abel Jones, 
of Merthyr, and John Price, of Rhymney. In 1862 he won 
prizes at the Llandudno Eisteddfod, and in 1865, while a second 

368 Obifuary, 

time in America, a prize was adjudged to him at the Swansea 
Eisteddfod for a harmonized hymn tune. The excellence of the 
latter attracted the attention of Mr Brinley Richards, one of the 
musical adjudicators of the meeting, and at his instance a fund 
Mas raised to enable Parry to return to England and enter the 
Royal Academy of Music. The result of this appeal was that, 
in September iS68, Parry joined the Academy and studied under 
Sterndale Bennett, Garcia, and Steggall. He took a bronze 
medal in 1870, and a silver one in iSyi, and an overture of his 
to 7'he Prodigal Son was played at the Academy in 187 1. He 
was appointed Professor of Music at the University College, 
Aberystwith, and soon after took his Mus.Bac. degree at Cam- 
bridge, proceeding, in May 1878, to that of Mus.Doc. An opera 
of his named Blodwen, founded on an episode in early British 
history, was performed at Aberdare in 1878, and shortly after- 
wards at the Alexandra Palace. An oratorio, Emmanutl, was 
performed at St James' Hall in 1880. He also wroie several 
operas, the latest of which, The Maid of Ce/n Ydfa, was recently 
produced at Cardifl. 

He published several cantatas, upwards of three hundred 
songs, glees, and anthems, some four hundred hymn tunes, and 
many male choruses. 

He was Professor of Music at the University College, Cardiff. 
and Director of the South Wales School of Music. He died at 
his residence, Cartref, Penarth, on the 18th February 1903. 

Rev George Smith M.A. 

Born near Ipswich on January 20th, 1842, George Smiih 
died on March loth, 1903, and thus just completed sixty-oue 
years of life, years full of good and fruitful work. 

After a private education he came up in 1866 with a 
scholarship to St John's and soon established himself as one of 
the best mathematicians of his year. Urgent family business 
unfortunately called him away from Cambridge just before the 
Tripos in 1869, and his place, tenth, perhaps does not altogether 
represen his real merits. In the same year he obtained a first 
class in the Moral Science Tripos. In the ordinary course of 
things he might have expected a fellowship at his old College, 
but in those semi-monastic days his marriage which took place 

Obiluary. 369 

in the following year, 1870, put that out of Ihe-question. The 
necessity of earning an immediate livelihood compelled him to 
forego his ambition of a call lo the Bar and led him to take up 
scholrislic work. 

After a brief spell at Rossall, Mr Smith was appointed in 
1870 senior mathematical master at the Birmingham and 
Edgbaston Proprietary School, and two and a half years later, 
in 1873, he succeeded lo the headmaslership, which post he 
filled for nearly nin© years. At an early period he took Holy 
Orders and for a time combined wMth his other work the duties 
of a curate at Smethwick. During his tenure of the headmaster- 
ship the School maintained a flourishing condition, and many 
who received their education there at that time have since 
attained to high position; among them may be mentioned, 
Mr Austen Chamberlain, the present Postmaster-General, and 
Sir W. J. Smith, one of the supireme judges at Pretoria. In 1 881 
the School was absorbed in the King Edward's School as a 
branch establishment. Although Mr Smith was urged to 
remain on, he preferred to seek a more unfettered position 
elsewhere and was selected headmaster of the Doncaster 
School. * Here again he soon made his mark, and the School 
attained to a level it never reached before or after. The 
successes obtained at the Universities and elsewhere were 
Unusual, if not remarkable, for a school of such moderate size. 
In recognition of his work, Mr Smith was elected a member of 
the Headmasters^ Conference. Towards the close of the 
eighties Mr Smith began to feel that the time had come to rest 
from the unceasing and almost endless cares and anxietit-s 
appertaining to any headmastership, especially to one which 
combines with it the duties of a bursarship, and he applied to 
St John's for a College living. 

In 1889 the combined living of Great and Little Hormead, 
Herts, was offered to him and accepted. He came into 
residence at Easter the following year, 1890, and here the 
remaining thirteen years of his life were spent* The duties of 
a country clergyman are to a considerable extent elastic, but 
Mr Smith interpreted them in no lat'sser /aire sense. Although 
outside the Church his work was not confined rigidly to fixed 
hours, yet he probably worked no less energetically than had 
been his custom in years past. With his keen interest in 
education it is scarcely necessary to say that under his 

370 Obituary. 

management the village school earned the highest possible 
grants and was considered the model for the district: indeed 
the inspector could find few improvements to suggest. When- 
ever possible he would visit the school at least once during the 
day, and it is not surprising that under such stimulating interest 
mistresses and teachers produced work of their very best. For 
some winters he personally carried on evening continuation 
classes four nights a week. When the Vohnitary Schools 
Associations were formed he was obviously the man to 
represent the deanery of Bunlingford. So keen was his interest 
in his work that it was all his medical adviser could do to 
dissuade him from leaving his sick-bed during his last illness 
to attend a meeting of representatives in London. On all 
matters connected with education and even with business his 
advice and counsel were continually besought by his colleagues 
in the neighbourhood. The Schools at Bunlingford had 
floundered into the mire of debt and no efforts seemed able to 
extricate them. Mr Smith was asked to report on their 
condition and finally was appointed financial manager for a 
limited term. In the course of only one year he converted a 
heavy deficit into a small balance, and was able to improve the 
salaries of the staff. He was ready at all times to give private 
and gratuitous tuition to those of the rising generation who 
were desirous of improving their education beyond what they 
had acquired at the school. Ever since the formation of 
Parish Councils he acted as chairman for the Council of Great, 
and the Meeting of Little, Hormead. 

Many are the improvements that have been effected in the 
Church during his incumbency. His first effort was to provide 
surplices for the choir. Soon afterwards the old harmonium, 
which was at the time the only provision for instrumental music, 
was replaced by a fine-toned organ, constructed by Bevington 
and Son. It was inaugurated at the Harvest Festival in 1891, 
Mr A. R. Gaul, organist of St Augustine's Birmingham^ 
presiding at the instrument. An efficient healing apparatus 
was introduced and the Church well lighted by means of oil- 
lamps carried on brass coronae. In 1898 a handsome clock 
by Pott and Son was placed in the Tower in commemoration 
of the Diamond Jubilee of Her late Majesty, Queen Victoria, 
The fine peal of bells already in the tower permittrd the 
emplo) raent of the well known Westminster chimes. New altar 

Obituary. 3 7 1 

fronts, pulpit hangings, and almsbags were introduced for 
festival occasions. New copies of the Old and New Testaments, 
the Prayer-Book, and the Altar Services have recently replaced 
the old copies previously in use. Two stained-glass windows 
have been put in by the parishioners through the offertory, and 
three others, including the large West window, by private 
liberality. It is no secret that another window is shortly to be 
placed by the parishioners to the memory of their late rector. To 
improve further the interior Mr Smith had started a fund for 
the erection of an oak screen between the Tower and the 
Nave. An effort was made after his death to collect the 
remaining sum required, since this was the only scheme 
unfinished, and the screen was erected at Whitsuntide. 
Altogether no less than /'Soo has been collected for the 
beautifying of the Church ; no inconsiderable sum for a rural 
parish which contains only some 500 inhabitants. A nucleus 
of a fund has been formed for the building of a Parish Room. 

Mr Smith was a tireless walker and even quite late in life 
would always walk when possible. He always took a keen 
interest in public affairs and enjoyed political discussion. A 
Broad churchman, he concerned himself more with the welfare 
of his parishioners than the minutiae of ritual. His colleagues 
often disagreed with his views, but they never failed to respect 
him. He cared very little for ordinary fiction and seldom read 
any but standard works. Music formed his chief and almost 
sole recreation. In school life he was ever interested in the 
concerts periodically given by the boys, and in another form of 
Art evinced himself no mean stage-manager. On taking up 
parochial work he devoted himself to training ihe choir and 
improving the music of the services. In consequence the 
standard reached was unusually high for a country church and 
the services had a considerable local reputation. His wife, and 
later his elder son, assisted by acting as organist, a post difficult 
to fill efficiently in a village. For a few winters in addition to 
his other labours he conducted a choral and a band class every 

The Rev George Smith married in 1870, Annie, the elder 
daughter of the late Robert Davis, Esq., of Ickham, Kent. His 
widow and four children survive him. His sons inherit his 
mathematical tastes: one, educated at Winchester and New 
College, Oxford, obtained first-class honours in Mathematics 

37^ Obituary. 

and in Natural Science, and is now on the staff of the British 
Museum ; the other, educated at Harrow and Trinity College, 
Cambridge, was twenty-first wrangler and entering, like his 
father, the scholastic profession is now mathematical master at 
King £dward*s School, Birmingham. His elder daughter 
likewise inherits her father's gift for teaching and is head of 
the Kindergarten at the Sherborne School for Girls- 
Mr Smith enjoyed good health until his last illness, which 
was occasioned by nervous breakdown, largely the result of 
overwork. To a man of his active habits it was irksome in the 
extreme to be confined to bed or even to the house ; it is indeed 
possible that a man of more phlegmatic temperament might 
not have succumbed. His fine constitution fought hard and at 
times his sufferings were great. His closing days, when the 
fight was really over, were peaceful and in the end he passed 
away quietly in his sleep. The funeral took place on Saturday* 
March 14th, and was singularly impressive. The procession 
formed of the choir and thirteen clergy in their robes, which 
met all that remained of him ; the pathway lined on either side 
by the children of the school ; the Church unable to contain 
all those desiring to pay in person respect to him for the last 
tin^e ; above, the bright sunshine of a perfect Spring day, aH 
comprised a picture which will long linger in the memory of 
those present. He was laid to rest in the Churchyard at the 
foot of the East window, 

A ripe scholar, a man of great energy, a born administrator, 
he possessed to the full the varied qualities required of a 
country clergyman in the discharge of his multifarious duties. 
Of him it may with truth be said that whatsoever his hand 
f jund to do that did he with all his might. 



In the March number (x.xiv, p. 232) Major-General Sir 
Reginald Pole-Carew is described as being the great-grandson 
of Reginald Pole, elder brother of Admiral Sir CharltsMorice 
Pole, He should have been described as the grandson of 

Obiiuary. 373 

Reginald Pole-Carew, his grandfather having taken the latter 
name. The General is thus second-cousin to the subject of our 

Lady Louisa Stuart, sister of Primate Stuart, mentioned on 
p. 234 as the friend and correspondent of Sir Walter Scott, is 
stated to have been " one of the few to whom he entrusted the 
secret of the Waverley Novels*^ {Lady Louisa Stuari^ Selections 
from her manuscripts edited by Hon. James A. Home^ 1899). 

Apropos of the interview of the Reverend William Stuart^ 
afterwards Archbishop of Armagh, with Dr Johnson on April 10, 
1 782 (Bosweirs account of which is quoted by Professor Mayor), 
it was mentioned (p. 236) that the Archbishop's wife had also, 
in her childhood, made the great Doctor's acquaintance and 
had sat on his knee. Curiously, a fuller account of the child's 
meeting with *the monarch of literature* has been preserved 
than her future husband's. She recorded it herself, in old age, 
in Stuariiana, The anecdote (probably inidit) is here reprinted 
from Notes and Queries (May 2, 1903), to which journal it was 
communicated by the kind permission of her descendant, Major 

" During my infancy, the hours in society were so early, that 
children were, when very young, initiated into the society of 
their parents and seniors. My mother, who would not have me 
behind others of my age, took me to all her tea-drinkings and 
small parties ; to great ones she never then went. I thus often 
passed dull evenings, and all I could learn was patience ; but 
the recollection of the various characters with which so much 
society made me acquainted, has enlivened my old age, and given 
to the memoirs and books which have since been published, 
a pleasing force and verity, by conjuring up the persons and 
manners of the actors so visibly, as amply to repay my yawns. 
I used often to go with her to Mrs Montague's and Mrs Vesey's, 
the principal houses where the 'has blues' met; and among 
other noted persons, I there frequently met Dr Johnson. The 
usual arrangement of the room was a circle of armchairs, in the 
centre of which sat the Doctor, with his arm upon his thick 
cane, exactly as Sir Joshua Reynolds has pourtrayed him. I 
generally sat by the side of Miss Burney, the author of * Cecilia,' 
at a window behind the circle, but where we were able to hear 
the conversation. 

••Some one— I think Soame Jenyns — wishing to give Dr 

374 Ohiluary. 

Johnson a goad, as you would a wild beast, in order to make 
him throw off his moody fit, began to abuse his sesquipedalian 
verbiage as useless encumbrances, which neither added force to» 
nor elucidated the subject. After some discussion on the ques- 
tion the Doctor grew amused and animated, and burlesqueing^ 
himself — as he often did when in a good humour — said, • Now. 
Sirs, I conclude you think that story' (some fashionable anecdote 
told in cant terms, and with a few elegant asseverations) ' pro- 
perly related. For my part I should say, " As I was one day 
making my pedestrian peregrinations, I casually obviated a hu^q 
];ustic ; him I interrogated concerning the obliquity of the sun. 
and how long it was since the duodecimal repercussion had been 
repeated on the superficies of the tintinabulum ; he hesitating* 
a response I elevated the obtuse end of my baculum, and gave 
him a blow on his pericranium, to the total extinction of all his 
intellectual faculties."' He then threw himself back in his 
chair and roared his tremendous laugh. Every one joined in it ; 
but some one alluded to the difficulty of the language and the 
difficulty of repeating it. 'No, not so!' answered he, 'that 
child' (pointing to me) 'could say it— Can't you ?' I know not 
why, but it caught my attention, and I immediately repeated it 
verbatim ; nor has it ever been put on paper until now. His 
ecstacy, and his noise, knew no bounds ; he called me to him» 
put me on his knee, patted my back until it was scarlet, then 
called out, * Will nobody give the child half-a-crown ? Good 
child I ' Upon which Lord Lyttelton, the lengthy historian of 
Henry H. — dressed in a complete suit of almost white velvet, 
and with a long sword by his side — rose gradually to a height 
I remember thinking enormous, and in the most graceful 
manner presented me with a half-crown ; which I said I should 
Jteep for his sake, and which I have at this moment by me." 

Mrs Stuart, as mentioned on p. 231, was, through her father, 
granddaughter of William Penn, the Quaker. On her mother's 
side she was great-great-granddaughter to Judge Jeffreys, of 
whom Burnet says that in mere private matters he was thought 
an able and upright judge wherever he sat! On the same 
side, she was, somewhat more remotely, descended from Mary 
Herbert, the subject of Ben Johnson's immortal epitaph in 
Salisbury Cathedral, ' Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother,' whose- 
two sons, William and Philip, are the 'incomparable pair of 
brothers' to whom the first folio edition of Shakespeare (1625) 

Obituary, 375 

is dedicated. The elder of the two brothers is by many, though 
perhaps wrongly, identified with *W. H.', 'The onlie begetter' 
of the great poet's sonnets. 

Mrs Stuart died in 1847. 

These further particulars respecting one who was wife, 
mother, and grandmother of distinguished Johnians will, it is 
hoped, interest readers of the Eagle, 

In the lower oriel window in the Hall will be seen the name 
and arms of William Stuart, Archbishop of Armagh, with the 
date 1793. This, however, is the date of his consecration as 
Bishop of St David's. He was not raised to the Irish Primacy 
until 1800. 

His grandson, Mr C. E. Stuart, looked back with affection to 
his College days. The tea-pot, tea-cups, and four table cloths 
which he had used when an undergraduate were kept by him to 
the end and were made use of whenever he took breakfast or tea 
by himself. 

W. A. C. 

May Term 1903. 

In April last the King approved the appointment of the 
Van J. R A. Bowers (B.A. 1877), Archdeacon of Gloucester 
and Vicar of Sandhurst, to be Bishop Suffragan of Thetford in 
the See of Norwich, Archdeacon of Lynn, and Rector of North 
Creake, in succession to the Right Rev A. T. Lloyd D.D., 
Bishop Designate of Newcastle. The Ven John Phillips Allcot 
Bowers was born at Portsmouth 15 May 1854. He is the son of 
the late Mr John Bowers, for 35 years superintendent engineer 
of the Royal Mail Company to the West Indies. He was educated 
at Magdalen College School, Oxford. He was ordained deacon 
in 1877 and priest in 1878 by Bishop T. L. Claughton of 
Rochester and St Albans, and was licensed to the curacy of 
Coggeshall, Essex. In 1 879 and 1 880 he was curate of St. Giles*, 
Cambiidge, and in 1880 went to the diocese of Gloucester and 
Bristol as curate of St Mary Redclyffe. In 1882 he became 
minor canon of Gloucester Cathedral, of which he was librarian 
from 1885 to 1895. In 1885 the Bishop appointed him diocesan 
nnssioner, and in this capacity he organized the Society of 
Mission Clergy, now under the headship of Canon Alexander. 
He was canon of Gloucester from 1890 to 1902, when BishO(> 
miicott made him Archdeacon of Gloucester on the resignation 
of Archdeacon Sheringham, and also vicar of Sandhurst, near 
Gloucester. He has the reputation of being a vigorous organizer, 
who has been the right-hand man of the aged Bishop of 
Gloucester; and his career has no doubt enabled him to realize 
the needs of country clergy and the difficulties of country 
parishes such as will be committed to his charge in the northern 
portion of the huge diocese of Norwich. Bishop Lloyd having 
been nominated by the Crown to a diocesan bishopric, the 
present appointment carries with it the rectory of North Creake 
and the archdeaconry of Lynn, which Dr Lloyd held with the 

A correspondent writes as follows to the East Anglian Times: 

For the second lime the Bishop of Norwich has chosen an 

assistant Bishop from outside the diocese, for the Dean of 

Norwich told me a fortnight ago in London, that the Crown 

QUf ChtonicU* J77 

bad waived its fight to the appointment, and allowed the Bishop 
to submit two names to the King in the usual course. In con- 
\iersation with the Dean on the matter, I advanced the arguments 
in favour of a local appointment so well put in your article, that 
the Dean told me that the appointment had been made, and 
that he knew it was an outsider, to which he saw no objection. 

But no one can doubt who has any knowledge of Archdeacon 
Bowers that the order of Suffragans will receive an illustrious 
recruit in his person* His connection with East Anglia may be 
slight, but he is still remembered with affection at Coggeshall 
and Cambridge, and he will not have been long in the diocese 
before he is beloved in it. His work hitherto has lain in the West of 
England, where he has had varied experience as a curate, vicar^ 
canon, chaplain to the Bishop and the Gloucester Infirmaryi 
Diocesan Missioner, Canon, and Archdeacon. To have been 
for 20 years under such a Bishop as Bishop Ellicott, and in the 
last few years in intimate personal association with him, is no 
mean recommendation for the Episcopal office. The Bishop 
has the very highest opinion of his deep spirituality of life 
(which has been so manifest in his conduct of ** quiet days " 
for the clergy, and his intercourse with the students of the 
Gloucester Theological College), and his pulpit and his organis- 
ing power. He has the great advantage of adapting his sermons 
to his congregation, his sermon for example in the Temple 
Church being quite different to his addresses in village churches 
and mission-rooms. He is in a gool s^nse "all things to all 
men." •* No man," said a dignitary not long ago, " has a greater 
gift for composing quarrels, and not treading on people's toes, 
than Bowers." He has exceptional tact, is blessed with the gift 
of humour, and is a capital companion. He is essentially, like 
his predecessor, a cheerful Christian, takes an interest in other 
than ecclesiastical matters, and approves of recreation in modera- 
tion. He will, I venture to prophesy, be no less popular with 
the laity than the clergy, for he combines ** with great devotion 
and a very spiritual mind the sanctified gift of common sense,'* 
as the great Bishop Wilberforce once said of somewhat similar 
cleric on his going to a large parish. He has a large acquaint' 
ance among men of light and leading. Scarcely less a boon to 
the people and clergy under a Bishop, than to the prelate 
himself, a distinct but not extreme High Churchman, he is 
a man of broad sympathies, and will appreciate all good work 
carried on by men of all schools of thought, and his one desire 
will be to weld into a harmonious whole the component parts of 
the Church of England. 

The Public Orator spoke as follows in presenting the Bishop 
designate of Thttford for the degree of Doctor in Divinity 
honoris causa on 28 May 1903. 

Adest Collegii Divi Joannis alumnus, primum in oriental!, 
deinde in occidentali Angliac parte, per annos plurimos labori- 

378 Our ChronicU. 

bus sacris spectatus et probatus. Idem, artis musicae perilu^,' 
ecclesiae cathedraiis Glocestrensis canonicis, olim minoribus, 
postea niaioribus, est adscriptus ; ibi vigiuii per annos habuit 
ante oculos episcopi Glocestrensis, viri venerabilis» exemplar, 
cuius in castris militiae sacrae tirocinium posuit et virtutis suae 
documentum insigne dedit. Ipse nuper ad episcopi munus 
merilo vocatus, tt episcopi Norvicensis adiutor constilutus, 
iiomen episcopate ab oppido antiquo accipiet, quod olim per 
annos fere viginti etiam ante urbem Norvicensium Angliae 
orient^Iis scdes episcopalis fuerat. Kegionis iliius in parte 
septentiionali, Nt^isoni in patria posilus, in niunere suo sacro 
sustinendo semper recordabiiur, Angliam ip^-am ab unoquoque, 
ut officium suum faciat, exspedare; etiam in posternm, sicut 
antea, Sancti Pauli exemplum secutus, omnia omnibus fartus 
erit, ut nonnuilos saltern salvos faciat; et Dei in ecclt-sia 
administranda verba ilia divina nunquani obliviscetur : * beaii 
pacifici, quoniam filii Dei vocabnntur.* 

Duco ad vos archidiaconum Glocestrensem, Joannem Phillips 
AUcot iSowers, episcopum de Thetford designatum. 

On May i it was announced that the Archbishops of Canter- 
bury and York had offered the offices of Dean of the Arches, 
Auditor of the Chancery Court of York, and Judge under the 
Public Worship Regulation Act (subject as to the latter to the 
approval of the Crown) to Mr Lewis T. Dibdin K.C., D.C.L. 
(B.A. 1874). We take the following from The Times of May 
1903 : Chancellor Dibdin, who thus succeeds Sir Arthur Charles 
in the office so long associated with the name of Lord Penzance, 
was born in 1852, being the third son of the late Rev Robert W. 
Dibdin, the well-known Evangelical minister of the old West 
Street Chapel in Seven Dials. He graduated in 1874 from 
St John*s College, Cambridge, as a senior optime in the Mathe- 
matical Tripos, and two years later was called to the Bar at 
Lincoln's Inn. He has practised largely in the Chancery Courts^ 
and from 1895 ^^ 1901, when he took silk, was official counsel 
to the Attorney-General in charity matters. He has published 
various legal works on Church Courts and City livery companies, 
editions of *• Brewer's Endowment and Establishment," and 
" Hanson's Death Duties." and the like. But he has been 
chiefly known to the public as an able ecclesiastical lawyer, 
being at present Chancellor of three dioceses — Rochester (1886), 
Exeter (1888), and Durham (1901) — in which capacity he has 
won the confidence of Bishops of various schools of thought. 
He has taken part in most of the ecclesiastical litigation of 
recent years, and was the leading counsel for the Archbishops m 
the Lambeth Hearir)gs on Incense and -Reservation. It will also 
be remembered that, on behalf of Archbishop Temple, he was 
associated with the Attorney-General and Solicitor-General in 
the proceedings connected wilh the opposed confirmation of the 
liibhop of Worcester in the early part of 1902. In the various 

Our Chronicle. 379 

consultative Church bodies he has taken a prominent and able 
part, being a member of the Canterbury House of Laymen and 
a frequent speaker at Church Congresses. Witliin the last few 
rnonths it has been his duty as Chancellor of the diocese of 
Exeter to inquire into the furniture and appointments of some 
of the Keble churches in the Three Towns, but the consequent 
action was interrupted by a vacancy in the See. The choice 
"which the Archbishops have made, subject (in respect to the 
Judgeship) to the approval of the Crown, will meet with the 
approval of Churchmen of all schools ; for, though by tradition 
an Evangelical and by personal preference a Moderate Church- 
man, be has nevgr stood out as a keen partisan, and can be 
absolutely trusted in his new office to keep an open mind and 
administer impartial justice. On more than one important 
occasion his efforts in the cause of Church defence and against 
disestablishment have won the confidence of Churchmen. 

The National Church for 15 May contains the following 
paragraph : 

The new Dean of the Arches. Mr Lewis T. Dibdin, is widely 
known in Church circles as one of the profoundest ecclesiastical 
lawyers of the day. He has been Chancellor of three dioceses, 
while, as counsel, he has appeared in all the leading ecclesias- 
tical suits of recent years. It is interesting to record that he 
was offered briefs by all the parties to the litigation which arose 
out of the confirmation of the election of Dr Go'e to the 
Bishopric of Worcester, and finally he was claimed by the 
Crown. But, apart from his professional duties, he has long 
been identified with ecclesiastical affairs. He was the trusted 
friend and counsellor of the late Archbishop Benson, and 
readers of the Lije of that remarkable man will remember that 
the biographer says that Chancellor Dibdin ** was more familiar 
with the Archbishop's legal and parliamentary work in his later 
years than any other person," and that the Archbishop consulted 
him "on most measures of importance.'' It was a cherished 
desire of the Archbishop that Mr Dibdin and the lale Bishop 
Stubbs, of Oxford, should co operate in bringing out a book on 
the position of the Church. As a member of the Executive and 
the Literature Committees of the Church Committee, Mr Dibdin 
has rendered the most valuable services in the work of Church 
Defence and Instruction. His strong force of character, his 
earnest and tolerant Churchmanship, his great learning and his 
eminently judicial mind, make him an ideal ecclesiastical judge, 
and it may be predicted that under him the office of the Deanery 
of the Arches will become to Churchmen a deeper reality than 
it has been at any time during the last twenty-five years. 

The King has been pleased to approve the appointment of a 
Royal Commission to inquire into the conditions affecting the 
importation of food and raw material into the United Kingdom 
in time of war, and into the amount of the reserves of such 

380 Our Chronicle. 

supplies existing in the country at any given period, and to advice 
whether it is desirable to adopt any measures, in addition to 
the maintenance of a strong Fleet, by which such supplies can 
be better secured, and violent fluctuations of prices avoided. 
Mr Henry H. S. Cunynghame C.B., Assistant Under-Secretary 
of State, Home Office (6, A. 1874), is a member of the 

The King has been pleased to issue a Commission to obtain 
and distribute full information as to the best mode by which the 
United Kingdom and his Dominions beyond the Seas may be 
duly represented at the International Exhibition at St Louis in 
the United States. Mr H. H. S. Cunynghame C.B. (B.A. 1874) 
and Mr J. J. H. Teall F.R,S. (B.A. 1873) are appointed members 
of the Commission. 

The London Gauite for Tuesday, May 19, has the following^ 
notification : 

The King has been pleased to give and grant unto H. Cyril 
Goodman Esq. M.B. (B.A. 1891) his Majesty's Royal licence and 
authority that he may accept and wear the Insignia of the Third 
Class of the Imperial Ottoman Order of the Medjidieh, conferred 
upon him by H.H. the Khedive of Egypt, authorized by H.I.M« 
the Sultan of Turkey, in recognition of his valuable services to 
the Egyptian Government. 

On the 25th of March last the Right Rev C. J. Ellicott D.D., 
Bishop of Gloucester, and Honorary Fellow of the College, 
completed the fortieth year of his episcopate. A large gathering* 
of the clergy and laity of the diocese met on that day in the 
Chapter House at Gloucester to present the venerable prelate 
with a congratulatory address. The following is a copy of this 
address, written by Dr Sandys at the request of Archdeacon 

Pairi in Deo venerahili, CAROLO JOANNI ELLICOTT, 

Episcopo Glocestrensi, S.RD, 

Ecclesiae Caihedralis Decanus^ Archidiaconi^ et Canonic^ 

necnon Dioecesis totius Preshyierty DtacoMi\ Ecclesiarum Cusiodes 

Cusiodumque Adjuiores. 

Annis quadraginta e fausto illo die feliciter exactis, quo, 
Episcopus noster consecratus, rerum sacrarum curam Angliae 
in parte nostra tibi divinitus delatam primum suscepisti, nihil 
auspicatius hodie esse arbitramur, quam de re tam laeta tibi 
ipsi, vir venerabilis, gratulari, et beneficia omnia, in regionem 
totam fidei tuae traditam per tot annos coUocata, animo grato 
profiteri. Olim studiis Academicis excultus, Collegii tui inter 
Cantabrigienses socius plus quam semel es electus; ut ex 
openbus plurimis a te editis unum saltern commemoremuSi iii 

Gur Chronicle, 381 

praelectionibus Ilulseanis a te quondam habitis, Domini nostri 
vitam luculenter enarrasti ; deinde Testamenti Graeci inter- 
pretationis Anglicae accuratius recensendae et suasor assiduus 
et dux insignis diu exstitisti ; postea etiam presbyteris tuis 
studiorum sacrorum et hortator perpetuus adfuisti et exemplum 
ipse praeclarum praetulisti ; doctrinae denique Christianae de 
mysteriis roagnis identidem egregie contionatus, contionum tarn 
doctarum, tarn inter se diversarum, quasi in corpus unum (ut 
speramus) consociandarum desiderium hand mediocre excitasti. 
Idem etiam puerorum nostrorum et puellarum aetatem tcneram 
religionis verae disciplina imbuendo multum temporis, multum 
consiliif, indefessus impertisti ; Christi milites ad vitae certamina 
prima sese accingentes saepenumero allocutus, quasi* patris inter 
filios anctoritatem quandam benignam semper usurpasti ; presby- 
terorum denique tuorum ordiuem, qui te sibi patris in loco 
divinitus praepositum maxima cum reverentia per tot annos 
suspexerunt, animo paterno cotidie dilexisti, consiliis paternis 
continuo adjuvisti. Neque praeteritorum tantum annorum tot 
beneficia a te in nos omnes collata hodie recordamur, sed in 
posterum quoque prospicientes, vota optima pro felicitate tua 
perpetua libenter suscipimus, et animo uno precamur omnes, ut 
tibi, placide et leniter vesperascente vitae die, etiam aetatis tuae 
terrestris in tempore vespertiuo lux caeiestis quam diutissime 
duratura supersit. Vale. 
Datum die fesio 

Annuniiaiionis B, V. Mariae 

In the course of his reply the Bishop said: "When I was 
allowed to see the kind — all too kind — address which has just 
been presented to me, and had noted, wiih an old Scholar's 
appreciation, the really exquisite Latinity in which your 
friendly feelings had been expressed, my first impulse was to 
do my best to respond lo you in the language which the Church 
has made the medium of her graver utterances even from the 
first. A moment's reflection, however, soon reminded me that 
although the Latin language often lends itself, as our Universities 
annually demonstrate, to warm yet chastened eulogy, the 
utterances of the deeper gratitude of the soul seem almost to 
demand the use of our mother tongue, and of the language 
wherein we were born. It is, then, in this our own language 
that I now return to you, all and individually, my warmest and 
most affectionate thanks for your recognition, especially in the 
attractive form in which it has been expressed, of forty years of 
happy service in this Diocese, and in the five and thirty years of 
the never-forgotten Diocese of Bristol." 

The Address, which was illuminated, was enclosed in a 
handsome frame. With it was also presented an Album with 
6ome fifteen or sixteen hundred names engrossed, bound in 
purple morocco ; on the outer cover was emblazoned in gold 

382 Our Chronicle. 

and colours the Bisliop's mitre and coat of arms of the diocese, 
and beneath the following inscription in letters of gold : 

Nomina Liiteris Apposita 
In Memoriam Anni Quadragcsimi 

Feliciter Exacti Conscriptis 

Ex Quo Pater. in Deo Venerabilis 

Carolus Johannes EUicott 

Kpiscopus Gloucestrensis Consecratus Est. 

Die Fcsto Annuntialionis B.V. Mariae 

Professor A, S. Wilkins (B.A. 1868) has resigned the chair 
of Latin which he has held at Owens College for the past 
thirty-four years. The Council of the College has accepted his 
resignation with regret, and has appointed him Professor of 
Classical Literature. 

Mr G. F. Stout (B.A. 1883), Wilde reader in mental 
philosophy in the University of Oxford, editor of Mind, and 
formerly Fellow of the College, was on April 4th appointed to 
the chair of logic and metaphysics in the -University of St 
Andrews. Professor Stout has been elected a Fellow of the 
Biitish Academy. 

Mr J. L. A. Paton (B.A. 1886), headmaster of University 
College School, London, and late Fellow of the College, was 
on the 29th of April last appointed by the Governors of 
IVIanchester Grammar School to be High Master, in succession 
to Mr J. E. King. The Council of University College on 
receiving Mr Paton*s resignation unanimously resolved: — 
•*That the council accept with sincere regret Mr Paton's 
resignation of the head mastership of University College School, 
which he accepted in 1898, at a time of some dififtculiy. By "his 
energy and tact, and especially by the confidence which his 
personal character has inspired in the parents of his boys, he 
has greatly increased the prosperity of the. school and advanced 
its previous high reputation." 

Mr Philip Baylis (B.A. 1872). of Whitemead Park. Forest of 
Dean, and of Ledbury, has been made an Alderman of the 
Gloucestershire County Council. 

The Hon. C. A. Parsons (B.A. 1877), Honorary Fellow of 
the College, has been elected one of the Vice-Presidents of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers for the year 1903-4. 

Mr A. C. Seward (B.A. 1886), F.R.S., formerly Fellow of the 
College, now Fellow and Tutor of Emmanuel College, has been 
appointed President of the Botanical Section of the British 
Association for 1903. 

Our Chronicle. 383 

The Bishop of Melbourne (Dr H. Lowther Clarke) has been 
elected a member of the Council of the Senate of the Universiiy 
of Melbourne. 

Dr \V. M. Ilicks (B.A. 1873) has been appointed a member 
of the Education Committee lor Shtffield. 

Mr G. C. Moore Smith (B A. 1881) has been appointed a 
member of the Education Cou^mittee fur Kotheriiara. 

Mr E. W. Middlemast (B.A. 1886), Principal of Rajahmundry 
College, and acting Professor of Mathematics, Presidency 
College, has been appointed deputy Director of Public Instruc- 
tion, Madras. 

At the election of fifteen members of the Royal Society held 
in May, three members of the College were elected. The 
following is an account of their work : — 

Mr William Philip Hiern (B.A. 1861), Late Fellow of St 
John's College. F.L.S. Corresp. Mem. R. Acad. Lisb. 
Distinguished for his botanical researches. Author of: — •* On 
a Quality of the Y.\f^ in Relation to Ptrspective " (Messenger of 
Math., vol. ii., 1863, pp. 30-34); "On a Magical Equation 
to the Tangent of a Curve" (Quart. Journ. Math., vol. vi., 
1863, pp. 31-38); "On the Forms and Distribution over the 
World of the Batrachium Section of Ranunculus" (Journ. Bot , 
vol. ix., 1871, pp. 43-49, 65-99, 97-107); "On Physotrichia, a 
New Genus of Um belli ferae from Angola" ibid^ '873, pp. 161, 
162); "On a Theory of the Forms of Floating Leaves in 
Ceriain Plants" (Camb. Phil. Soc. Proc, vol. ii., 1876, pp. 
215-217, 227-236); "A Monograph of the Ebenaceae " (Camb. 
Phil. Soc. Trans., vol. xii., 1873, pp. 27-300); "Notes on 
Ebenaceae, with Descriptions of New Species " (Journ. Bot. vol., 
xii., 1874, pp. 238-240; vol. xiii., 1875, pp. 353-357 J vol. xv., 
1877, pp. 97-101); " Sul Valore delle Determinazioni dei 
Fossili che sono stati riferiti al Genere Diospyros o a Generi 
Affini" Nuovo Giorn. Bot. IiaL, vol. ix., 1877, pp. 45-48); 
"The Orders Solanaceae, Acanthaceae, (jesneract-ae, Verbenaceae," 
in Warming's Symbolae ad Floram Brasiliae Centralis cognos- 
cendam" (Kj^benhavn, Vidt-nsk. Meddel. 1877, pp. 37-108); 
"The Order Lythraceae," in Oliver's " Flora, Tropical Africa" 
(vol. ii., 1 871); "The Orders U m be Hi ferae, Aral iacesD, Rubiaceae, 
Vdlerianeae, Dipsacaccae, Goodenovieae, and Ebenaceae," and, 
with Prof. Oliver, ""Compositaae " {ibid,, vol. iii., 1877); ''The 
Orders Meliaceae and Sapindaceae," in Hooker's " Flora of 
British India" (vol. i., 1875); "On the Peculiarities and 
Distribution of Rubiaceae in Tropical Africa*' (Journ. Linn. 
Soc. 1878, pp. 248-280); "On the African Species of the 
Genus Coifea" (Trans. Linn. Soc, 1880. pp. 169-176); 
"A Catalogue of Welwitsch's 'African Plants" (^Pt. i, i8y6. 

384 Our Chronkle. 

pp. 336. Published by the Trustees of the Biilish Museum). 
And other botanical memoirs. 

Mr Aubrey Strahan (B A. 1875). Distinguished for careful 
work on Stratigraphical and Physical Geology. Has served on 
the staff of tho Geological Survey since 18751 and during the past 
nine years has been in charge of the re-survey of the South 
Wales Coalfield. Awarded the Wollaston Donation Fund bjr 
the Council of the Geological Society, 1894; has since served 
on the Council. Author of Geological Survey Memoirs on 
Chester (1881); Rhyl, Abergele. &c. (1885); Flint. Mold, &c. 
(1890); Isle of Purbeck and Weymouth (1898); and Geology 
of South Wales Coalfield, parts 1-2 (1899-1900); and haa 
contributed to Memoirs on Lincoln (1888), Kendal (1888), Isle 
of Wight, ed. ii. (1889), and others. Author of Original 
Papers in Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc on Ludlow Fossils in Lower 
Carboniferous Conglomerates, North Wales (with A. O. Walker, 
1879); Glaciation of South Lancashire, Cheshire, &c. (1886); 
Lincolnshire Carstone (1886); Phosphatic Chalk, Taplow 
(1891); Qverthrusts of Tertiary Date in Dorset (189*5); 
Submerged Land Surfaces at Barry, Glamorgan (i8q6); 
Glacical Phenomena of Palaeozoic Age in Varanger Fiord 
(1897); author of Papers also in the Geological Magazine, and 
in the Reports of the British Association. 

Professor Ralph Allen Sampson (B.A. 1888). Late Fellow 
of St John's College. Professor of Mathematics, Durham 
University. Author of the following papers : — ** Continuation 
of Gauss's Dioptrische Unlersuchungen" (Proc. Lond. Math« 
Soc, vol. xxix., 1897); "On Stokes's Current Function" 
(Phil. Trans., vol. clxxxii., i8qi a); On the Rotation and 
Mechanical State of the Sun " (Mem. Roy. Astron. Soc, vol. li , 
1895^; "Description of the Durham Almucantar (Monthly 
Notices, Roy. Astron. Soc. vol. Ix.. June, 1900). Editor of the 
Astronomical section of the second volume of *• Collected 
Scientific Papers of J. G. Adams.'* 

At a Conversazione of the Royal Society held in May last 
the following articles were exhibited which are of interest to 
members of the College (see also Eagle^ xxiii, 368) s 

1. Prof, Sihanus P. Thompson, F.R.S. 

A series of Photographs and Objects relating to Dr William 
Gilbert, of Colchester (1540-1603), Author of the treatise *'De 

(1) Steel engraving, by Clamp, 1796, of portrait formerly 
in the Schools Gallery at Oxford, painted in 1591. 

(2) Photograph of recent portrait, by Daniell, now in the 
Town Hall, Colchester. 

Our Chronicle. 385 

(3) Electrotype medallion (cobalt-plated), bj £. Dunckley, 
of the head of Dr Gilbert. 

(4) Photographs of all the known signatures of Gilbert: — 
(a) Autograph on title of Aristotle's De Mirdbtlibus 

AuscuUatione, probable date 1561. 
{h) Signature (along with that of Lancelot Browne) to 

a medical certificate, dated ist Feb., 1584. (Original 

in the Record OflSce). 
{c) Four signatures of dates 1561, 1565, 1566, and 

1569 in the books of St John's College, Cambridge, 

(5) The Arms of Dr Gilbert, granted Nov. 15th, 1577. 

(6) Designs for the seal of the Gilbert Club. 

(7) Map of the Moon, earliest known, copper plate from 
Gilbert's De Mundo Nostra. 

(8) A small collection of Loadstones illustrating some 
points in Gilbert's work. 

The Rev. C. A. A. Scott (B.A. 1883). Minister of St John's 
Presbyterian Church, Kensington, has been invited to occupy 
the chair of Apologetics at Knox College, Toronto, in suc- 
cession to the late Professor Halliday Douglas. He has been 
appointed by the Synod to be Convener of the Committee of 
Westminster College, Cambridge. 

Ds F. Fletcher (B.A. 1900), late Scholar of the College, has 
been appointed Deputy Director of Agriculture in the Bombay 
Presidency. He will be the agricultural adviser to the 

Ds R. St J. Dickson (B.A. 1902) has been appointed an 
assistant master at the King's School, Ely. 

H. T. Davidge, advanced student of the College, has been 
appointed Professor of Electricity at the Ordnance College, 

R. T. G. French, Scholar of the College, has obtained an 
appointment in the Patent Office (Electrical Department). 

Ds A. C. Dundas (B.A. 1902) was successful in the 
examination of University Candidates for Commissions in the 
Army held in March last. 

The Lightfoot (University) Scholarship for 1903 has been 
awarded to £. A. Benians (B A. 1902), Scholar of the College. 

Mr W. Blain (B.A. 1884) has been promoted to be principal 
clerk in the Treasury and to be First Treasury Officer ol 

VOL. xxnr. d d d 

386 Our ChrontcU. 

MrT. F. R. MacDonaell (B.A. 1898), barrister at law, has 
been appointed to officiate as Asiistaut Government Advocate, 

£. H. L. Hadfield was calkd to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn on 
Wednesday, May 6th, 

An open Stewart of Rannoch Scholarship in Hebrew has 
been awarded by the University to J. R, Beutley, Minor Scholar 
elect of the College. 

G. Leathern, scholar of the College, was one of the repre- 
sentatives of Cambiidge in the Chess match against Oxford, 
played on March 23rd. ' 

At the ordinary quarterly comitia of the Royal College of 
Physicians of London held in April, a licence to practice physic 
was granted to £. Weatherhead (London Hospital). 

The following members of the College, having passed the 
necessary examinations and conformed to the by-laws, were in 
February last admitted Members of the Royal College of 
Surgeons: W. L, Harnett (B.A. 1899), St Thomas'; A. G. 
Harvey (B.A. 1897). Middlesex Hospital. In May E. 
Weatherhead (London Hospital) was similarly admitted a 

Mr J. F. Halls Dalby (B.A. 1S98). M.B., BC, M.R.C.S., 
L.R.C.P., has been appointed resident medical officer to the 
Ro)al National Hospital for Consumption at Ventnor. 

Mr F. A. Sla^ke. LC.S. (B.A. 1875). Secretary to the 
Government of Bengal, General and Revenue Departments, has 
been appointed temporarily to be Commissioner of the Chota 
Nagpur Division. 

Mr S. G. Hart (B A. 1884), LC S., Assistant Commissioner 
at Gauhati. has been transferred to the charge of the Mangaldai 
Subdivision, Assam. 

Mr W. Raw (B.A. 1894), LC.S., officiating joint magistrate 
at Cawnpore, has been appointed to the charge of the Lalitpur 
Subdivision in the Jhansi district, united provinces of Agra and 

Mr C. M. Webb (B.A. 1894), LC.S., Assistant Commissioner, 
£urma, has been placed on duty in the Bassein and Myaungmya 
Districts, with head quarters at Bassein. 

Mr C. A. H. Townsend (B.A. 1896). LC.S., Assistant Com- 
missioner, Jlielum, Punjab, has been placed on special duty, 
for the purpose of demarcating the boundary between the 
Mielum and Gujrat Districts and the Jammu Province, 

Our Chronicle. iS; 

Mr W. A. Mart, I. C.S. (matriculated 1895), officating joint 
Magistrate and Deputy Collectof, Midnapofe, Bengal, ba.s been 
appointed to act as Magislrate and Collector of that district. 

Mr A. K. Cama l.C.S. (B.A. 1895)1 ^^ b^^^n appointed 
Assistant Collector at Bijapur, Bom bay ^ 

Sermons have been preached in the College Chapel this 
Term by The Master. Commemoration of Benefactors, May 3 { 
by Mr E. A. Stuart. Vicar of St Matthew*s, Bayswater, May 24; 
by Prof. J. E. B. Mayor, President, June 7. 

The list of Select Preachers before the University to the end 
of the Easter Tenn 1904 contains the names of the following 
members of the College: November 29, December i, January 
17 and 24, the Rev W. A. Whitworth (B.A. 1862), Vicar of All 
Saints, Margaret Street, Prebendary of St Paul's, Hulsean 
Lecturer; December 13, the Rev W. A. Cox (B A. 1867)5 
February 7, the Rev T. G. Bonney (B.A. 1856) }i.D., D.Sc. ; 
February 14, the Rev G. Body (B.A. 1863), Canon of Durham; 
March 6, the Venerable J. M. Wilson (B.A. 1859), Archdeacon 
of Manchester, Vicar of Rochdale. 

The following members of the College were ordained Priests 
on Sunday, 8ih March i 

A. Raby (B A. 1901) by the Bishop of London. 

F. Ni Skene (B.A. 1900) by the Bishop of Lincoln. 

K. M. Woolley (B.A. 1899) by Bishup Miichinsou fur the 

Biiibop of Peterboruagh. 

The Very Rev W. H. Barlow, Dean of Peterborough (B.A. 
1857), has been elected chairman of the Colonial and Con« 
tinental Church Society's Committee for the coming year. 

The Rev John David Evans (B.A. 1862), Vicar of Walmersley, 
has been appointed Chaplain to the High Sheriff of Lancashire 
(Mr H. Whitehead). 

The Rev Henry David Jones (B.A. 1865), Rector of Upper 
St Leonard's-on*§ea and Canon residentiary of Chichester Cathe- 
dral, has been appointed Prebendary of Gates in Chichester 

Dr Jacob, Bishop of St Albans, has appointed the Rev 
Frederick Burnside (B.A. 1869), Rector of Hertingfordbury, 
Herts, Rural Dean of Hertford and Hon Canon of St Albans, 
to be one of his Chaplains ; and the Rev Alfred Caldecott 
(B.A. 1880) D.D., Rector of Thorington with Frating, Essex, 
late Fellow of the College and Professor of Philosophy in 
King's College, London, to be one of his Examining Chaplains. 

The Rev J. P. Morgan (B.A. 1876), Vicar of Llanyre, has 
been appointed Chaplain to the High ShcriiT of Radnorshire. 


Our Chronicle. 

B.A. From 

(1892) V. Tupslcy. 

The Bishop of London has appointed the Rev Edward Gepp 
(B.A. 1878), Assistant Master at Felsted School, to the Vicarage 
of High Easter, near Chelmsford, in succession to his father, the 
Rev E. F. Gepp, who held the benefice for 54 years. 

The Rev G. R. Bullock-Webster (B.A. 1880), Resident 
Chaplain to the Bishop of Ely, has been elected one of the 
representatives of the Diocese of Ely on the Standing Committee 
of the S P.G. 

The Rev C. P. Cory (B.A. 1882), who has been incumbent 
of Port Blair since 1901, has been appointed Chaplain of the 
Cathedral in Rangoon, Burma. 

The Rev L. H. Nicholl (B.A. 1887), Rector of Ribbesford, 
has been licensed, by dispensation, to be also Perpetual Curate 
of St Anne, Bewdley. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced: 
Carnegy, F- W, 

Kcfford, W. K. 

Clivc, F. B. 

Manby, A. L. 
Mitchell, W. M. 

Wing, R. P. 

Phelps, H. H. 

Askwith, C. 

Richards, P. J. 

Roberts, F, Pago 

Slandring, T. M. 

Eustace, G. J. 

Hunt, A. L. 

Brewer, G. S. 

Lorimer, J. H. 

To he 
R. Colwell, CO. Here- 
(1897) C. Shaw with Dinning- V. DuIUngham, New- 


R. Exhall, Warwick- 

V. Asthall, Oxon. 

\. St Paul's, North. 

V. Blyihborough, 

R. Withingtoni co. 

R. Melcombe Regis 
w. Kadi pole. 

V. Woodville, Burton- 

R. Strathfieldsaye. 

V. Bidstone, Birken- 

V. Astley, Warwick- 

R. SnoringwithTburs- 
ford, Norfolk. 

V. Bulkinglon, Wor- 

V. Astley, St Maiy, 

The following books by members of the College are an- 
nounced : Agricultural Geology, by J. E. Marr F.R.S. (Methuens) ; 
Reports of the Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres 
Straits, Vol. ii, Physiology and I^sychology, by W. H. R. Rivers, 
W. McDougall, and others (University Press); Eatly Church 
Classics — The Shepherd of Hermas, Vol. i, by the the Rev C. 
Taylor D.D., Master of St John's College (S.P.C.K.); Th€ 

C. Arrow, Alcester. 

(1880) late V. Penn Street. 
(1886) R. Wing. 

(1876) V. Walberswick, Suffolk. 

(1878) V. Tilley. 

(1890) V. St James, Carlisle. 

(1889) C. St John BapUst, 

(1871) R. Halstead, Kent. 

(1893) V. Tilstone. 

(1866) V. Bulkington 

(1876) R. East Mersea. 

(1 88 1) R. St Catherine's Nech- 

ells, Birmingham. 
(1863) V. OxenhalL 

Our Chronicle. 


Programme of the Jesuits^ by W. Blair Neatby M.A., Aathor of 
* A History of the Plymouth Brethren * (Hodder and Stoughton) ; 
Six Lectures on Pastoral Theology^ with an appendix on the Influence 
of Scientific Training on the Reception of Religious Truths by the 
Ven James M. Wilson D.D., Vicar of Rochdale and Archdeacon 
of Manchester, Lecturer on Pastoral Theology in the University 
of Cambridge 1903 (Macmillans) ; The Way of all Fleshy by the 
late Samuel Butler (Grant Richards). 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College have been made since the issue of our last number: 
Mr R. F. Scott to be a member of a Syndicate to consider 
arrangements for the future conduct of the Engineering Depart- 
ment; Mr A. C. Seward to be an Examiner at Affiliated Local 
Lectures Centres ; Dr D. MacAlister to be an Examiner for the 
third examination for M.B. ; Mr W. Bateson to be Deputy for 
the Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy during the 
ensuing academic year. 

The University of London is making progress with its 
organization, most of the Degree courses being now settled. 
Much of the work of devising these courses has fallen upon the 
thirty-three * Boards of Studies,' and to their labours the con- 
struction of the curricula has been chiefly due. The share of 
St John's College in this work may be estimated in a general 
way by a glance at the following list of members of the College 
who are upon the various Boards ; the names are taken from the 
official list for 1903. 




Adams, Dr W. G. 

Physics (Chairman). 

Bennett, Dr W. H. 

Hackney and New. 


Bonney. Dr T. G. 



Caldecott, Dr A. 



Philosophy (Chairman) 

and Pedagogy. 


Dale. J. B. 


Fleming, Dr J. A. 


Physics, Electrical 


Economics, Philosophy* 

Foxwcll, H. S. 


GieenhiD, A. G. 



Greenup, A. W, 



Hewitt, J. T. 

£. London, 
Terhnical College. 

Chemistry (Secretary), 

Hudson, W. H. H, 


Mathematics and 



T^hfcldt, R. A. 

E, London, 

Technical College. 

Hacalister, Dr A. 



McDougall, W. 


Philosophy and 

Rivers, W. H. R. 



Scoit, C. A. A. 



Strong, S. A. 


Oriental Languages* 

Weldon, W. F. R. 

Zoology. ^ 

390 Our Chronicle. 

The list of Examiners and Assistant Examiners in the 
Universily of London, for the year commencing i July 1903, 
contains the names Of the following members of the College : 
Dr A. Caldecoit. Theology ; Prof A. G. Gfeenhill. Mathematics ; 
W. McDougall, Mental Physiology; G. B» Mathews, Mathe* 
matics; Prof R. W. Phillips. Botany; Dr W. H. R. Rivers. 
Experimental Psychology ; Rev C. A. A. Scott, Theology ; 
W. F. Masom, Assistant Eicaminer in English ; W. C Sauimers^ 
Assistant Examiner in Classics. 

It is announced that Sir John Eliot K.C.I.E. (B.A. 1869) is 
to contribute the article on Meteorology to the new Imperial 
Gazeteer of India^ 

It is announced that an illustrated edition of -' Footprints of 
formef men in far Cofnwall/* by the Rev Robert Stephen 
Hawker, Vicar of Morwenstow, with a new life of the author, is 
being prepared by Mr Hawker's son-in-law, Mr C. E. B)les 
(B.A. 1895). 

Mr C» ]. Tufner (B.A. 1889) is publishing a short treatise on 
the vexed question of the site and ownership of Lincoln's Inn, 
which was recently discussed in the edition of the ' Black Books ' 
of the Inn, published for the Society. The treatise is based on 
some newly-discovered evidence in the Public Record Office. 

A brass tablet has been placed in the Board Room of the 
Eye and Ear Hospital. at Shrewsbury to the memory of Mr 
William Charnley (B.A, 1867). The inscription is as follows : 

In memory of 

William Charnley M.A. St John's ColK 

M.D.> M.Ch., Camb», M.R.C.S., Eng., L.S.A. Lond., 

Who died July 30 MCM» 

The Committee and Supporters of this Hospital 
Desire to express by this Tablet their grateful 
Recognition of the loyal and able service rendered 
By him as Surgeon for 13 years» 

A pulpit and reredos of Caen stone and alabaster have been 
placed in the parish church of Hatfield-heath, Essex, in memory 
of Lord Rookwood (B.A. 1849, as Selwin). 

The Rev H. Russell B.D., Rector of Layham, Suffolk, has 
presented to the parish church of the Lady Margaret, Walworth 
(the College Mission) a very handsome pulpit. We take the 
following account of it from The Lady Margaret Parish Magazitu 
for May 1903. 

There are five principal panels. The centre one contains 
a carving of St John the Evangelist, suggested by a picture by 

Our Chronicle^ 391 

an Italian artist named Domenichino. It represents St John 
silting with scroll in hand, gazing upwards, the eagle, the symbol 
of the highest inspiration, hovering over him ; while beside 
him stands a cup with a serpent issuing from it, in allusion to 
an old tradition that the words of our Lord as recorded in 
St Mark xvi, "If they drink any deadly thing it shall not hurt 
them,*' were in one case, at all events, literally fulfilled, when a 
poisoned cup was offered to St John by a heathen priest ; the 
purging of the cup from evil being typified by the flight from it 
of Satan, the author of evil, Jn the form of a serpent. 

To the right of the panel containing the figure of St John is 
another, representing the arms of the Lady Margaret, the 
foundress of St John's College. Probably no work carried out 
by members of the College in after-times is more in accordance 
with the spirit of the foundress than the planting nearly four 
hundred years after her death (she died in 1509) of the St John's 
College Mission in Walworth. Her arms are the old Royal arms 
of England, bearing the English lions quartered with the French 
Fleur-de-lis^ and surmounted by an earl's coronet, from which in 
the panel issues the eagle, i^t. the crest of the College as shown 
in the seal of the Lady Margaret. 

On the left of St John appear the arms of Bishop Fisher, 
a shield bearing on one side the arms of the See of Rochester, 
the Cross of St Andrew with a scallop shell in the centre, 
suggestive of St Andrew's occupation as a fisherman. On the 
other side of the shield are Bishop Fisher*s personal arms, three 
ears of corn surrounding the figure of a fish — a dolphin. This, 
in accordance with a common custom of those times, is really 
a play upon the name Fish-ear^ Fisher. The whole is sur- 
mounted by a Bishop's mitre of a shape, as nearly as can be 
determined, in use in the days when Bishop Fisher lived. 

Over the four heraldic panels, denoting that the aim of Lady 
Margaret and Bishop Fisher alike was the promotion of the 
glory of God, appear four Christian emblems AO, XC, IHC, and 
the Cross. 

Above everything, but underneath the bookboard of the 
pulpit, is carved the motto of Bishop Fisher ; surely no more 
appropriate motto for a pulpit could be found, the words of our 
Saviour to His Apostles, ''FACIAM VOS FIERI PISCA- 
TORES HOMINUM," **I will make you to become fishers of 

In the panels, flanking those containing the arms of the 
Lady Margaret and Bishop Fisher, are the badges of the 
College, the Tudor Rose and the Beaufort Portcullis, each 
surmounted by an eari*s coronet. In the lower corners of three 
of the panels will be found a * rebus' consisting of a group of 
Marguerite daisies; while in a fourth (Bishop Fishefs) the 
' rebus ' consists of three ears of corn. 

392 Our Chronicle. 

The following curious item appeared in a recent catalogue of 
second-hand books : 

MILITIA. Several Petitions and Messages of Parliament Concerning the 

Militia of the Kingdom ivith the manners together with an ordinance of 

Parliament, l^Ucit Helter, PP- 35» '641, SOs 364 

US. Note on the last page ** March xx, x6ax. Thtt book was read pabliquely ia 

John's Colledge in Cambridge, by Commana from His Maiestie." 

The following item relating to Archbishop John Williams, 
the builder of the College Library, and in other ways a benefactor 
to the College, occurred in the sale of Sir Thomas Fhillipps* 
Library. The date of the sale was a May 1903. 

1218 WALES. Original Corrsspondence relating to 
Affairs or State during the Civil War, ad- 

Archbishop of York, and Lord Keeper of the Great 
Seal folio, 1 642 - 1 649 

*^* This very important correspondence is addressed to the famous 
Archbishop during the time he was upholding the interests of King 
Charles in Wales. Ajnong the letters are two in the autograph of 
the Archbishop to the King, and one to Piince Rupert, giving them 
advice and information of most intense interest. Other letters are 
from the Bishop of Chester, Richard Bulkeley, Humphrey Jones, 
Rowland Thomas, the Bishop of St Asaph, Roberts, &c., and a 
number from a correspondent, who signs with a mark, containing 
much confidential information. Writing to the Archbi&hop on the 
day of the execution he gives a full account of how the King bore 
himself on the scaffold, with many other singularly important details 
as to his death. Every one of tliese twenty-eight letters, addressed 
to the Archbishop at Gwyrdir or Penrhyn, is full of interest. 

The following two items from the same great collection were 
sold on 15 June 1896. An effort was made to secure them for 
the College, but failed. 

THE Poet and Statesman, beautifully drawn out, 
containing upwards of i^oo pages 

large folio voL 1 7 2 1 -2 x 

This splendid volume contains Lord Harley and Adrian Drift's Original 
account of Mathew Prior's affairs, as follows: — The Last Will and 
Testament of Mathew Prior ; Obsequies of Mathew Prior, interred in St 
Peter's, Westminster, 1721 ; Fees and Expenses for the Funeral, Mourn- 
ing rings with names of the recipients, and of those who attended the 
funeral — ^Inventory of the Plate sent to Lord Harley at Wimpole — In- 
ventories of Seals, Rings, Medals, Toys, Pictures, with names of the 
painters ; Catalogue of the Books, Maps, Prints and Drawings ; Cata- 
logue of Books and Household Goods at Down Hall; Inventories of 
Household Goods at his house in Duke Street and Down Hall, Essex ; 
Copy of Rent Roll (Barlow, Co. Derb.) of annuity from Ld Harley 
to Mathew Prior; Acct» of South Sea Stock belonging to M. Prior; 
Dalits due to Ld Harley and Adrian Drift, the Executors; Abstract of 
Writings relating to Prior's house ; Copies of a large number of Letters \ 

"LoihI George." 

Our Chronicle. ^93 

Catalogue of the Books and Pictures of Mallicw Piior sent to St John's 
Coll., Cambridge, 172 [ ; Catalogue of his books chosen by Lord H irley ; 
Pictures, Prints, Maps, Drawings, Coins, Jewels, &c. given to and 
chosen by \A Harley ; Account of Money received and disbursed from 
1721-22; Mi<tcelIaneous Letters from 1721-22; Letters from Lord Harley 
to Adiian Drift from Sep. 19, I72r, to Aug. 19, 1 722, with Adrian 
Drift's answers during the same period, &c. &c. 
A most magniJUent tecord of the affairs of this Ulu^tnous man, 

974 PRIOR (Mathkw). Another Collrction of Original 
Accounts of the Executors of Mathew Prior 

COMING DOWN TO THE YEAR 1 729, cdlf large follO 

Four volumes bound in one, containing : The Accompts of Money due 
to the Executors to Xmas, 1721; Accounts between Ld Harley and 
AdiiAn Drift from 1717 to 1726 — Pictures chosen by \A Harley with the 
appraiser's valuation and their prime cost ; Abstract of Accompt of the 
most valuable of Prior's effects, together with a valuation ; Further 
Accounts and Letters as late as 1 729, &c. Qu one of the title-pages of 
Accounts are the following verses : — 

When to the World Lov'd Prior bad Adieu 
And on bright Cherubs wings to Heaven flew 
Poor Drift*s concciTis, My Lord, he left to you, 
To you, My Lord, of all his friends the best, 
^ro«5t just, most kind — Thus dying Drift he blest 
And thus. Great Guardian, blest on you depends 
The future weal of Drift, O Oxford best of friends. 

The following lot appeared in the sale of the same Library 
on 21 March 1893 : 

unique^ wriiien ahoul 1550 4/(7. XVI Cent. 

Tliis is the auiograph work of the famous John Christophersom, 
who was cieated Bishop of Chichester in 1557 by Queen Mary, and 
deprived in the next year. The work is dedicated at considerable length 
to the "noble and illustrious Pakr, Earl of Essex," brother of Queen 
Catherine Pair, and one of the most famous men of the reigns of 
Edward VI, Queens Mary and Elizabeth. Christophersom was edu- 
cated at St John's, Cambridge, and was one of the first Fellows of 
Trinity, after its foundation by Heniy Vill and subsequently became 
Misier of the College. He was the author of several work*:, but tiiis one 
appears to be entirely unknown, as it \& not mentioned by his biographers. 

The incorporation of the former Undergraduates' Reading 
Room with the Lower Library has resulted in increased accom- 
modation for students, and has also made it practicable to carry 
out some much-needed improvements with respect ' to arrange- 
ment. Additional classes 13, 14, 15, 16 have been added. The 
principal mathematical serials have been brought together and 
are now included in one section. In the historical section the 
Rolls beries and publications of the Record Office have been 
rearranged in chronological order, and a separate index to these 
has been compiled ; the natural science serials have similarly 
been rearranged. Class 12 has been appropriated to the Pendle- 
bury Collection, for the binding of the unbound volumes of 
which the Council have made a special grant. 


394 Our Chronicle. 

The Rev S. O. Ridley, nephew and executor of the late 
Mr Clarence £sm6 Stuart, has also presented the Library wiih 
39 volumes, formerly in the possession of his uncle, comprising 
valuable Oriental and Latin versions of the Scriptures, and 
copies of the early Fathers. 

The Annual Dinner to members of the College who have 
taken the M.A. degree and have retained their names on the 
College Boards is to be held this year on Thursday, June 25th. 
Members of the College who graduated in the following groups 
of years are invited on the present occasion : 
1853-6; 1873-6; 1888-90. 


The folio wing article appeared in 7A« Taynbee Record (qx Marcli 1903 : 

"That Lkttek Founded Toynbre Hall." 

In the beautirul paper fn last month's Nineteenth Century^ in which Mrs. 
Baniett has told the tale of "The Beginning of Toynhee Hall," she says of 
a Tetter written by Mr Barnett to myself, " That letter founded Toynbee 
Hall.*' The letter which has bad such world-wide results is now before me, 
and I think the readers of the Toynbrk Ricord may like to rend it, and 
perha])s, also, a few woriis of explanation of the honour which fell to me ia 
keing its recipient. 

On January 28th, 1885, the Rev W. AHen Whitworth, then Vicar of St 
John's, Hammersmith, preaching in the Chapel of St John's College, Cam- 
biidge, urged that the CoUege should found a mission in son>e poor pait of 
London. Some undergraduates of religious cbaiactcr took up the idea 
warmly, and at a meeting held in (be College Hall 011 the 8ih May, the pro- 
posal was adopted, the aim of the promoters of the movement being to appeal 
to the College to support a cleigyman and other workers in some neglected 
district of London. 

To some of u« it seemed that if a mission was to be started, especially one 
that assumed it to itself the name of " The College Mission,"^ it* might well 
take a bri>ader character than was proposed. A large proportion uf the 
members of the College were either not churchmen by proiiesDion or were not 
likely to enter enthusiasticaUy into work canied on on strictly ecclesiastical 
line<t. On the other hand we felt sure tbat a large proportion of the inhabi- 
tants of any poor district in London were also alienated from the church, l>ut 
at the same time might be reached and helped by men who went to them 
rather in the spiiit of friends and brothers than religious apostles. '* Why 
not, then," we said, " widen the basis of the proposeil mission ? Why be 
content that a section of the College should interest itself in a section of the 
po))ulation ? Let us bring the united powers and enthusiasms of the College 
to bear on all the various wants of the district we go to. Apart frcim the 
increase of good that will result in London, the College will then find io the 
mission a bond of union and not a shibboleth of separation." 

In a concrete form, we suggested that a "secular branch" should be 
establiiihed in the paiish, under an organising head, who should ^ot be the 
clergyman ; and that members of the College should be left free to choo<ie to 
which side of the work they should give their money and theii personal efforts* 
A committee was formed in the College, to try to induce the committe'e of the 
Mission to adopt our plan. 

We were at once met by the objection : " No clergyman could tolerate in 
his ]mrish such an independent institution as you propo;>e ; nothing but bthCie 
iould be the result." 

Our Chronicle. 395 

We did not believe this, but to strengthen our hands before we came 
formally befpre the Mission Committee, we decided to write to several clergy- 
men asking them if in their opinion our scheme was as impracticable as it was 
said to be. It fell to me to write the letters. The l-eply which gave us most 
encouragement was that which came from Mr Barnett. This was the letter, 
written on the railway bank on the way to Oxfurd, which, as Mrs Barnett has 
said, '* founded Toynbee HaU." She means, no doubt, that while framing 
(his letter of advice, Mr Barnett first saw clearly, in his mind, the plan which 
afterwards took definite shape in Toynbee Hall. 

This is the letter. 

*' St Jude's Vicarage, Commercial Street, 
Whitechapel, E., 

** My Dear Sir, May 22nd. 

I am writing in the train on my way to Oxford to talk to some 
men about a project like to your own. My adclrcss until Saturday will be 
S. Ball, St John's, on Saturday c/o Master of Balliol. 

I (juite sympathise with your wish, and as you stale your plan I do not see 
how it would be impracticable. No clergyman finds a body of men working 
in some distinct field of social reform, to be a thorn in his side. Such bodies 
are to be found in every C.O.S. committee, Temperance agency, etc., etc. 
The fact that the men working in such field will be connected with those 
working the church, seems to me to be an advantage. 

As a matter of detail, I should, in rule 2, say ^preferably not the parson.' 
I sajr distinctly that your scheme is not unpractical, and J sav this, not 
imagining that all clergymen are of the same opinion as myself, but putting 
myself in the place of many of my neighbours. 

Now let me deliver myself of what seems a more excellent way than 
* Missions.' First give up the name of * mission.' Call youi-sclves * St John's 
-Fiiends of Labour,' < Union of Workmen,' or some title which implies, not 
that you are going to patronise the poor, but associate with them. It is the 
rich to whom "missions" should go. Then take a house in some poor 
neighbourhood, let there* t>e rooms in it in which your members may sleep, 
and common rooms for lectures, concerts and entertainments. Be neither 
Church nor chapel. Let those of you who care for spiritual work do it where 
they will, those who care for other do that on their own lines. Appoint a 
head who shall direct those who want direction, who shall be lay or parson. 

I would urge this plan as one which will best meet the distinct aims of 
those who promote the mission. The * Church ' is in a transition state, and 
its services and organisations are on trial. If University men throw them- 
selves into contact with the people, thev wUl discover their needs, and those 
who care for spiritual things will fit the instrument to the end. 

It is a poor thing if St John's does only what others are doing, and does 
not make at any rate another experiment in connecting classes and spiritualising 
the people. However, I hope you will gather my meaning from these stray 
hints and use me as you will. Ever yours, — Samukl A. Barnett." 

Armed with this and other letters, three of us, as spokesmen for our cause, 
were admitted to addtess the Mission Committee. I have no doubt my two 
allies spoke with more power and eloquence than I did, but as their notes are 
not before me, and mine are, I can only give the gist of what I said myself. 
I did not venture to press Mr Barnett's suggestion, because that would have 
meant asking the Committee to make a complete surrender of their own 
scheme, but I urged that a "College" enterprise should represent the whole 
College. If all could not work happily under a clergyman, let some part of 
the work be directed by someone else. This work might be "economic** 
{e,g.^ the establishment of a pari&h savings-bank— the aiding of co-operative 
or Charity Organisation movements) "educational," ar "humanitarian," such 
as attendance on the sick — every effort being made to prevent conflict with 
the church-woikers. The director or " lecture secretary " would have to find 
men for work and work for men. If the scheme was adopted the General 
Committee of the Mission should be widened to include others besides 

396 Cur Chronicle. 

churchmen, and ft ^petial subrommiltee be appoinled to supervise \\\m 
'•lecture secretary's" work, while in cieiy appeal for subsciiptions a cliotre 
should be (>iven between the two sides of tlie work. I maintained that no 
conflict would be likely to arise, as the secular agency would have no anti- 
religious character, while from the fact (hat all paities concerned were of the 
same College — probably bound to(;etlier in many casts by friendship — we bad 
an nnique opportunity for harmonious work. Fuithei, if difiVrences did aiHe, 
the General C ommittee in the College would form a Court oi Appeal, which 
would have the confidence of both parties. 

Such was our plea. It was made to closed ears. The Mission continued 
to go its own way, and our dream of a "secular branch" \s quite forgotten. 
Yet it has borne fruits far exceeding;; those of the Mission and its many devoted 
woikers, for it cau&ed Mi Baineit to wiite the letter which •* fouuded Toyubce 
Hall." G. C. Moore Smith. 

[Fhe following passage occurs in an article on Hans Breitmann (the late 
Charles Godfiey Leland) in The Pioneer Mail of Allahabad for 10 Apiil 1903. 
The article is ^igned J. F. L. Prof E. H. Palmer (B.A. 1867) was a FcUuw 
of the College, and Loid Almoner's Reader in Arabic from 1871 until bis 
death in 1882. His portrait bangs in the College Hall] : 

About triventy yeais ago I was employed by the late Nicolas Trubner, head 
of the London publishiog fiim which then bore his name, now changed (o 
Messrs Kegan Paul. 

One day 1 had occasion to speak to Mr Tiiibner himself about the work 
I had in hand, so I went to his banctum. Theie I found him engaged with 
two other men, neither of whom I had ever seen beioie, and whom 1 have 
never forgotten. 

One was a slim, short man, with shining dark eyes and a long beard ; he 
was Palmer, the best Arabic scholar in England. 1 here was nothing remark- 
able about the other man but a very pleasant face and a quaint jeiky manner 
of speaking ; he was Charles Godfiey Leland, better known as Hans Bieitmann. 
The room was full of tobacco smoke, for Ti iibner smoked like a lime-kilu and 
his cigars were big and strong. 

"Give us the Tuikish shopkeeper, Palmer, said Trubner, pronouncing 
the / thick and the p hke h for he nevei quite lost his native German accent. 
Palmer had just fininlied tdling how Cainbiidge University had paid two 
hundred pounds for an old parchment which bore an inscription in the Morse 
telegraph alphabet, which they thought was a Zend insciiption. He got down 
on the floor and crossed his legs. 

"Booyoorum itscheree! Istambolun ena eyee tschoplatee bandah 
bulonoor ! Ben maalimdaan utanniaam ! 

** Please be good enough to step in ! YouMl And here the best cloth in all 
Stanibuul! I have no cause to be ashamed of what I sell ! ** And so on ; 
swearing away his soul and body, c.tjoling, blustering, almost weepiug over 
the sacrifice he was making; we had the glorified box-wallah of the Bos- 
phorus, to the very life. When he had finished, Trtibner turned to Leland 
and said "Gieb uns den Zigeuner, Hans!" (Give us the gipsy, HansI) 
Triibner discovered Han^ Bieilniann, and therefore could talk to him familiarly. 
It struck me at tiie lime that Palmer could have done the gipsy better, if 
possible, than he did the luik; for he had a most decided gipsy cast of 
feature, and that far away dreamy expression never seen but in the eye of a 
gipsy and an Arab. Hans Breitmann gave us the gipsy ; and then began to 
tell our foi tunes by looking at our hands. He discovered that Trubner had 
been a burglar and had four wives, and he stole Triibnei's watch out of his 
waistcoat pocket, lie then turned and took Palmer's left hand. He stopped 
suddenly and became serious for a moment. It was no joke. He afterwards 
told me what he had read in Palmer's hand ; but I did not think much about 
it until some time afterwards, when I read that Palmer had been killed by 
some Arabs in the Sinai Peninsula. I often met Leland after this, and he 
fiequently referred to the death-maik on Paliner*d baud. 

Our Chronicle, 397 

We fintl thai Ihe Song Book of Queen's Univerhitv, Kingston, Ontaiio, 
Canada, contains three sonjjs by Mr T. R. Glover. We give the words of 
two of these. Alma Mater is sung to the air of Dr G. M. Gaii ell's College 
Buaiiiig Sung. 


Is there noble theme or peater 
For our song than Alma Mater, 

Alma Mater, loved and dear? 
Nurse of manhood, faith and knowledge, 
Queenly in her name, our College 

Queenlier minded we reveie. 

Chorus — Queen's for ever! 
May she never 
Fail the fullesl life to know ! 
Be her story 
One long jilory 
By her blue Ontario! 

Not a iich man's prond creation, 
Freedom was her first foundation; 

Fiee to think and teach she rose; 
Princely gift nor bounty royal 
Helps her, but her sons are loyal. 

In their love and faith she grows. 

Chot us. 

Broad, free, strong as lier St. Lawrence, 
Aye she holds in diie abhorrence 

Bonds and shackles of ibe soul ; 
Noise and ru«;h alike diNdaining, 
Bids the cbildien of her training 

See life steadily and whole. 

Choi us. 

As the sunlit lake beneath her 
Hippies to the sunny ether 

So she lives by sim and sky ; 
Trusts the future, does her duly, 
Holds who cleaves to truth and beauty 

Wotks a work that cannot, die. 



Pange lingua carmen quale 
Pium decet studium ; 

Almae Matris hospitale 
Laeta lauda gremium ; 

Adsit melos virginale 
Juvcnumquc canticum. 

39^ Our Chro7iicle. 


Hie majoies posnere 

Semen, cujus segetem 
Ipsi poterant videre 

Tantum per imaginem. 
Nobis tandem dalar vere 

Carpere dulcediiiem. 

Turn Collcgio Reginae 

Domus eiat lignea : 
Sed Scienliae divinae 

Nihil obstant aspt-ra : 
Qui se dederit doctrinae 

Tandem viucit omuia. 

Brcvis series annonim, 

Siirgit oido lapidum ; 
Studium disci pulorum 

Erigit palatiujn; 
N;im amore alumnonim 

Nostrum stat Collegium. 

Hinc per annos it in mnndum 

Agmen altum ariibus, 
Totum teres et rotundum ; 

Homines emittimus 
Aptos ad efficiundum 

Quidquid rogat Dominus. 

Nobis dederunt majores; 

Quales ergo gratias 
Nos reddamus debitores? 

Grates vel dignisbimas 
Nostii referent Tabores 

Studium et pietas. 

Adams Essay Prize. 

This prize is adjudged in the Michaelmas Term for an essaj 
on a mathematical subject. The prize consists of a copy of the 
Collected Works of Professor J. C. Adams, together with aboat 
£\ in money or books at the choice of the recipient. 

The competition is open to ail undergraduates of the College 
who have not entered on their seventh term of residence at the 
time when the essay is sent in. 

The competition is intended to promote independent stady 
of original authorities, and to encourage practice in compact 
and systematic exposition. Originality in the treatment of the 
subject is not essential, but freshness and precision will carry 
weight : the length of the essay is limited to about 3000 words. 

The essay, marked ** Adams Memorial Prize," should be sent 
to the Senior Bursar before the end of September. 

Our Chronicle. 399 

For the present year the essay is to be on one of the 
following subjects : — 

• I. Induction constants of Electric circuits and coils, and 
their determination. 

2. Unicursal and elliptic curves. 

3. Steady motions in Dynamics of Solids. 

4. Convergence of Definite Integrals. 

The following authorities, amongst others, may be consulted 
on the essay subjects : — 

1. Maxwell, Electricity^ Vol. ii ; Rayleigh, Theoty of Sound 

and Collected Papers, 

2. Halphen, Fonctions Elliptiques, Vol. ii. ; Clebsch, Lectures 

on Geometry, 

3. Thomson and Tait, Natural Philosophy ; Routh, Dynamics. 

4. Jordan, Coursd* Analyse; Hnxn^cV^ Differential and Integral 

Calculus; and Osgood, Problems in Definite Integrals, 
Annals of Mathematics, Vol. iii. 

College English Essay Prizes* 
The following are the subjects for the College Essay Prizes 1 

For Students now in their Subject 

First Year Walter Savage Landor. 

Second Year Countries of the Imagination in 

Literature and Philosophy. 
Third Year Race and Nationality. 

The Essays are to be sent to the Master on or before 
Saturday, October lyih. 

Cricket Club. 

President— yix, Sikes. Treasurer— \>x. Shore. C'tf/Aim— £. Booker« 
Hon, Seeretary^-^H, Chappie. 

Baiting Averages. 

No. of Times Highest 
Batsman. Inns. not out. score. 

£. Booker 13 .. a .. 59 ., 

K. M. Keyworth 15 .. i .. 77 

P.C.SaDds 18 .. 2 .. 89 . 

H. Chappie 5 ., — ., 70 , 

R. McC. Linnell 12 .. i ,. 61 . 

T.H.Porter 9 -. 3 •• 3« - 

B* T. Watts 19 .. — .. 74 ,, 

C. B. Ticehurst II . . I . , 48 . , 

H. S. Piidcaux 9 •• 3 .. 38 . 

J. W. Linnell lo .. — ., 62 . 

G.L.Jarralt Ii .. 3 .. 37 ., 

E.W.Arnott b .. — .. 19 , 

S. Johnston 7 ., — ., 18 ., 

T. B. Fianklin 8 .. — .. 21 . 

H.Goddurd 9 .. i .. 18 . 



311 .. 


379 . 


357 . 


no . 


ai4 . 


ixo . 


34' .. 


177 .. 


106 . 


174 . 

» . 17.40 

139' . 


40 . 


45 . 

. 642 

5' . 

. 6-37 

44 . 

. 550 

400 Our Chronicle, 

Biywling Avirages, 
Rowler. Overs. Maidens. Runs. Wkts. Avef. 




R. McC. Liniiell ».. 100*4 .. 23 ., 265 ,. iq 

H. Chappie ,. 37*3 .. 2 .. 164 .. li 

T.H.Porter i;4'3 .. 32 .. 571 ,. 32 

T.N. Palmer 73 .. 7 .. 145 ., 8 

C. B. Ticehurbt 139 .. 19 .. 429 .. 22 

J. W. I.innell 206 .. 17 .. 766 ,. 39 

S. Johnston 42 .. 4 .. 145 .« 7 

H. Goddaid 53 .. 5 .. 164 .. 6 

H. Chappie bowled I wide nnd I no-ball ; T. H. P<»rter bowled i wide j 
C. B. I'icehurst bowled I wide and i no-b^ll ; J. W. Lianell bowled I no- 
ball; S. Johii&Lon bowled 3 wides; H. Goddaid bowled 1 wide. 

Characters of the team : 

E* BiHtktr (Capt.) — Very good bat, can make runs all ronnd the wicket. He 
has kept wicket this senson with no small success* A good change 
bowler. Has made a very judicious Captain. 

P. O, Broa<f—ll.\%t uiifoi-tunately for his side, been unable to play much this 
season. Very good defensive bat and safe field. He has bowled. 

If. Chappie ^Uas played very little this season. A very good bat and 
a good slow bowler. Very safe in the field. 

y, tV. Linneil -Has been very useful to his side as a slow l>ow1er. Hi* 
fie]«iin^ has gieatly impioved. Has often made runs when they «cie 
badly wanted. 

/?. ilA^r. Linnell — A good medium pace bowler. Rather slow in the field, 
but a useful bat. 

F. M, fCeywotih — A very good hard- wicket bat. Veiy slow and weak in the 


7'. H. Porter — A very much improved fast bowler. A good field. Has 
made a lot of tuns. 

P. C. Sands— K good steady bat, with a fine leg stroke. Vei-y clever point. 

G. C, Garrett — A good bat, he deserves to make more runs. A keen field. 

C. B, Ticehurst — A good bowler, with a useful sweive. Should pay more 
attention to length. Veiy useful hard-hitting bat. 

B, T. Watts— K steady bat. Should use his hitting powers more. A very 
keen field. 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

PresiJent—'L. H. K. Bushe-Fox Esq. 7reasurer^K. F. Scott Esq* 
1st Cnptain^H. Sanger. 2nd Captain -H. B. Carlyll. Hon. Sec. --H, G, 
i'teuii. Junior J reus. — G. C. E. Simpson, ist Lent Capt. — S. R. Brown 
2iid Lent Capt.—K. R. Walker, yd Lent Capt.—}, T. Poole. Additional 
Cipt.-J. K. P. Allen. 

The weather this term has been disiinctly good for practice 
on the whole. In the early stages a good deal of wind was 
cncotintered, but in the latter days the weather was remarkably 

Out Chrofiicle. 


Both boats were quite up to the average. The first boat 
used their light ship built by Brewers, of Putney, and she 
proved a very comfortable boat when they learnt to sit her. In 
the races they regained theplace they lost last yeir by bumping 
Jesus I at Post Corner. On the succeeding nights they made 
great efforts to catch ist Trinity, who in turn were nearly 
bumping Trinity Hall. Practically there was very little to 
choose between the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th boats on the river, and 
the races clearly shewed that the first four boats were distinctly 
superior to the other first division boats. 

The second boat rowed in the Brocas. They improved 
greatly just before the races. On the first night they caught 
Peterhouse in the Long Reach, and on the third night only just 
failed to bump ist Trinity II. They are certainly well up for 
their number. 

Names and weights of the crews : 

First Boat, 

Seiond Boat, 



St. lbs. 

Bow J. Parnell 10 

2 G. C.E. Simpson.. II 


Bow J Stokes 

. Q II 

2 G. Wils.m 

.10 10 

3 M. Henderson .... 1 1 


3 J. F. Spink . . . 

4 J. N. Taylor . . . 

." 3 

4 H. G. Frean 12 


.11 7 

5 S. R. Brown 12 


5 J E. P. Allen . 

.12 6 

6 T. S. Collina 12 

7 H. SanKcr lO 


6 J. Fraser .... 

.10 9 


7 H. L. Clarke... 

.10 10 

Strike K. K. Walker .... 9 


Stroke J. T,Foo]e ... 

.10 7 

Cox A. G. L. Hunt 7 

Cox C. A. Wright . 

. 8 4 

Coach L. H. K. fiushe-Foi 

Coach H. Sanger 

The 'Varsity Pairs were rowed in May. A Lady Margaret 
Pair entered, composed of {bow) R. R. Walker, {stroke and 
s/eerer) J H. Sanger. In the first heat they were drawn against 
W. H. Chapman (3rd Tnn.) and H. B. Grylls (ist Trin.). Losing 
ground at the start, they gained on their heavier opponents 
at the finish and won a very close race by half-a-length. Time 
8 rains. 2 sees. On the next night, however, they were easily 
beaten by R. H. Nelson (3rd Trin.) and P. H. Thomas (3rd Trin ). 

The Lowe Double Sculls were rowed in May. Only two 
entries were received. R. H. Nelson (3rd Trin.) and P. H. 
Thomas (3rd Trin.) won easily from H. P. Croft (Trin. Hall) 
and J. Edwards-Moss (3rd Trin). 

Characlers of the Crews ; 

First Boat, 

Bow^Ytry painstaking and works hard. Should be steadier forward and 
swing more. 

7w<7— Rowed this year in better style, and with more power than previously, 
but needs a smarter recovery, and should use his legs evenly. 

7%r//— Has tried hard and deserves the grc^t improvement he has made, 
lias acquired an easy style and is much steadier, but must use his legs 




402 Our Chronicle. 

Four — ^Was rowing well at the beginning of the term, bat fell off afterwards. 
Should get a smarter hold of the water; use hi^ legs throughout the 
stroke, and finish right on the body with the shoulders well back. 

Frve — Always tried hard, but has not been rowing up to his usual form this 
term, both his sliding and timekeeping being at fault. An honest 

iSiJc— Has improved very much in steadiness and watermanship. Must get 
his blade covered at once and hold the finish out longer. 

Seven — Rows hard and clean, and is rapidly developing into a really good 
oar. Is to be congratulated on a most successful secoud year of 

Stroke — Lively, plucky, and detet mined. Should steady his slide and swing 
wheu coming forwaid, and never sacrifice length to smaiUiess. 

Cox — Is still uncertain when to take the corneis, and uses the rud<ler too 
much in the straight, but is improving, and made no mistakes iu the 
I aces. 

Second Boat, 

Sow— Is faiily neat but very short, should tiy to combine his body and leg 
woik, and keep his knees down at the finish. 

7 wo — Can low hard. Would have rowed better if he had tried harder. Is 
very slow with his hands. 

77tree — Rowed very hard, although prnctically untrained. Should try and 
get hold of it quicker with his legs, and be smarter with hands. 

Four — Tries hard and has improved greatly, but has yet to learn to combine 
his body and leg work, and so finish hard. 

Five — Has not come on since last year, not yet having learned to finish the 
stroke right out with his legs, and to recover smaitiy. 

-Suf— Has improved greatly, and although very light backed stioke up well. 
Always rows hard and long, but has yet lo learn how to grip the water 
smartly, at the beginning of the stroke, with his legs. 

Seven — ^Never did himself justice until the races as he was not well. Rows 
haid, but is incliued to be short on stioke, and drops away at the finish. 

Stroke — Rows well in practice, and the race being much steadier and longer 
than last year. Should remember to use his out-side hand at the 
beginning of the stroke. 

Cox — Has improved very much since last year, both in steeling and talking 
10 the crew. Stceied vciy well iu the races. 

The New Boat House. 

The last statements as to the accounts of the New Boat 
ITouse fund will be found in our numbers for the May ai>d 
Micliaeln)as Terras i c^oz {Eagle ^ xxiii, 389; xxiv, 133-4). The 
total sum collected stood at the latter date at £2^10 ij^s $d. 

Our ChrontcU. 403 

Since then the following sums have been received :— 

G.A.Bennett 010 o 

E.Booker O lo o 

E. D. F. Cauliam O lO O 

R. H. Foistcr (1888) ixd donation 5 o o 

J. Haniingham o 10 o 

W. J. Hawkes o 10 o 

M. Henderson I O o 

H.H.H.Hockey 010 o 

}. C. H. How o 10 o 

.L.P. Jolly o IG 6 

J.T.Poole 010 O 

N. G. Powell (1898) 4ih donation a o o 

M. G. B Reece o 10 6 

T.N, Ritchie (1902) I o o 

W. T. RiicMe o 10 o 

H. H Roseveare 010 6 

J. B. Shaw O 10 o 

E. R. Wilkinson , o 10 O 

Proceeds of the Concert, 21 Nov. 1902 31 14 o 

;f47 15 6 

Thus the total sura now collected amounts to £2/^6% qt, i id. 

The total expenditure on the site and Boat House, including 
legal and other expenses, was/'igis oj. id, leaving a deficit of 
/'446 los, id. To this has to be added the sum o{ £/^ i%s. 6^., 
bank charges on the overdraft up to Christmas last, leaving 
the sum of £\s ^ S^- 8</. still to be met. 

In June last the deficit was £ss^ ' '^ 2^-» so that during the 
year the debt has been reduced by /'loo is, 6d, 

We would impress on present members of the club the 
duty incumbent on them of assisting in extinguishing this 
debt. Earlier generations of men have done their share in 
providing the handsome and convenient Boat House we now 
have, it rests with their successors who use it to complete the 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

The fallowing have been elected ofiicers for the ensuing 

Capiain—E, D. Evans. Hon. Sec — H. Lee. 

Lawn Tennis Club. 

We have had a most successful season, and had we been able 
to put a full team out every match we should most probably 
have been invincible. The record stands, played 16, won 14, 
lost 2. 

F. W. Argyle and H. E. T. Dawes will represent the 'Varsity 
against Oxford again this year. H. Chappie has also played for 

404 Our Chronicle. 

the 'Varsity. H. Chappie, H. E. H. Oakelej, and F. Harwood 
vere given their colours. 

Date. Opponents. Ground Result. For. Agst. 

April 28 Clare Clare .., Won.. 6 .... 3 

„ 30 Cains St John's Won.. 5 .... 4 

May 5 Emmanuel.... St John's...... Won.. 7 .... 2 

„ 6 King's St John's Wou.. 5 .... 4 

„ 13 Pembroke. ...Pembroke . ...Won.. 7 .... 2 

n «4 Jesus Jesus Won., 5 .... 4 

„ 15 Trinity Hall.. St John's Lost.. 4 ,.,. 5 

„ 16 MrHowill'sVI St John's Won.. 7 .... 2 

„ 19 Christ's Christ's Won.. 7 .... 2 

„ 21 Emmanuel ...Emmanuel .. . .Won.. 6 .... 3 

„ 25 Jesus St John's Won.. 7 .... 2 

„ 27 Trinity St John's Won.. 5 .... 4 

„ 29 Caius Caius Won.. 6 .... 3 

„ 30 Trinity Hall.. Trinity Hall.... Won.. 6 3 

June 3 King's King's Won.. 7 .... 2 

„ 5 Christ's St John's Lost.. 4 .... 5 

The Inter-Collegiate Lawn Tennis Cup has been won by 
F. W. Argyle and H. E. T. Dawes. 

Eagles Lawn Tennis Club. 

President —"R^ F. Scott. Treasurrr^F, Sanger. J/on. Stcretary — 
K. D. Evans. 

The following new members have been elected : 

On March 3, P. G. Broad, W. J. Harding, S. Johnstone, 

W. T. Ritchie. 

On June 15. F. W. Allen. W. Coop, E. H. Gaze, W. J. 

Tlawkes, M. Henderson, A. G. L. Hunt, G. L. Jarralt, F. M. 

Key worth, J. W. Linnell, T. Parnell, T. H. Porter, H. S. 

Pridtaux, C. B. Ticehurst, and B. T. Walts. 


G Company. 

Captain — K. C. Bi owning. Lieutenant — M. Henderson. Second Lieu^ 
tenant — R. D. D. T. Brownson. CoL-Sergeant — W. H. Kennctt. Sergeants 
— C. B. Ticehurst. W. J. Jones. H. E. H. Oakelev. Cofi>orals^K. A. 
Martell, G. K. King, T. N. Palmer. Lane e- Corporals -]. T. Poole, 
P. St. J. B. Grigson, R. McC. Liunell, J. H. B. Fletcher, H. H. Roseveare, 
R. M. Moore. 

The Company, which is at present still a Company, numbers 
only 78, including staff. 

Our Chronicle. 405 

Owing to the unsympathetic altitude of those connected with 
some of the other branches of College Sports, many members of 
the College have had great difficulty in doing their best for 
G Company. Red tape should be reserved for Whitehall. In 
spite of these difficulties the parades have been well attended. 

A few men, we regret to say, have attended an insufficient 
number of drills for efficiency, in spile of every facility for 
attending being offered them. We are sorry that these men 
have brought discredit oh their College Company by preferring 
to pay their capitation grant to inconveniencing themselves in 
the slightest degree. 

As we are losing a large number of very keen fourth and 
third year men at the end of this term, it is quite time that the 
men of this year awoke to a sense of their responsibility and 
helped to maintain the reputation which the Company bore 
a year ago. 

We should be greatly obliged if non-members would refrain 
from giving incorrect information to intending members with 
a view to creating prejudice against the Corps. 

The Corps goes to Camp, with the Oxford Corps, at Aldershot 
on June 23. 

The Debating Society. 

President—^, L. Clarke. Vice-Presi ^eni^H. H. Roseveare. TVm- 
surer—J. B. D. Jocc. Stcntary — H. \V. Harris. Committee— Z, N. 
Brooke, J. Fraser. 

The Society has fully maintained the activity and vigour 
which it manifested during the Michaelmas and Lent terms, 
and we may fairly claim a place in the very front rank of 
College Debating Societies. All the debates held this term 
have been interesting, and, considering the numerous attractions 
and distractions which tend to reduce members in the May 
term, the attendance has been remarkably good. We have had 
a particularly large and capable selection of Ex-Presidents at 
our command, and on one occasion we enjoyed the unexpected 
privilege of a most interesting speech from Mr Hugh Law M.P. 

The Visitors* Debate took place on May 30th, and, except 
for our disappointment at the absence of Mr Tanner, was in 
every way a great success. 

Our hearty congratulations are due to two of our Ex-Presidents 
on their success at the Union. Mr J. C. Arnold being elected 
President, and Mr M. F. J. McDonnell Secretary, for the 
Michaelmas terra. Mr H. W. Harris has also obtained a placo 
on the Union Committee. 

4o6 Our ChronicU, 

The following debates were held this term : — 

May 211^— The Hon. Secretary, Mr H. W. Harris, moved 
**That in the opinion of this House the Payment of Members 
of Parliament is expedient and justifiable." Mr H. H. Roseveare 
(Vice-President) opposed the motion. There also spoke: — For 
the motion, Mr J. Fraser, Mr M. F. J. McDonnell (Ex- President), 
Mr L. U. Wilkinson. Ajfainst the Motion : — Mr A. A. Mirza, 
Mr S. H. Robinson (Ex-President). The motion was lost b/ 
3 votes. 

May g/h — Mr Z. N. Brooke moved ** That in the opinion of 
this House, it would be to the advantage of this House to ally 
itself with France rather than with Germany." Mr VV. Good 
opposed. There also spoke : — For the motion, Mr J. E. Sears, 
Mr F. R. Saberton, Mr G. S. Yeoh, Mr T. E. Hulme. Mr F. H. 
Robinson (Ex-President), Mr G. S. Hardy, Mr M. G. Sykes, 
Mr P. Henderson. Against the motion, Mr A. E. Stansfeld, 
Mr M. Henderson. Mr R. E. T. Ball. Mr H. K. Finch, 
Mr H. W. Harris (Hon. Sec). The motion was carried by 
4 votes. 

Afay j6/A — Mr M. G. Sykes moved *• That, as regards the 
Theatre, the present age is not one of good art." Mr J. B. D. 
Joce (Hon. Treasurer) opposed. There also spoke: — For the 
motion. Mr R. E. T. Bell. Mr Hugh Law (M.P. for West 
Donegal). Against the motion, Mr M. G. B. Reece. Mr W. 
Barradell Smith (Ex-President), Mr T. E. Hulme, Mr Z. N. 
Brooke. The motion was carried by 4 voles. * 

May i^rd — Mr E. A. Benians moved **That the influence of 
Modern Fiction is demoralising." Mr J. C. Arnold (Ex- 
President) opposed. There also spoke : — For the motion, 
Mr G. S. Hardy, Mr L. U. Wilkinson. Against the motion^ 
Mr W. H. C. Sharp. 

May 30M — Visitors* Debate. Mr J. Strachan (Clare College, 
President of the Union) moved **That the Universities of 
England are out of touch with the hopes and aspirations of 
the English people." Mr H. L. Pass (Ex-President) opposed. 
There also spoke :— For the motion, Mr J. H. A. Hart 
(Ex-Secretary). Against the motion, Mr M. F. J. McDonnell 
(Ex-President), Mr T. H. Robinson (Ex-President), Mr. J. C. 
Arnold (Ex-President), Mr E. A. Benians. The motion was 
carried by 5 votes. Forty-two members and visitors were 

Our Chronicle. 407 

Theological SocifiTY. 

President—^, D. F. Canham. Ex-Presidents (in Residence)— J. H. A. 
Hart M.A., F. W. Allen, H. J. Wrenford B.A. Treasurer—^, S. Collins. 
Secretary— H, L. Clarke. Committee— J, T. Poole, N. C. Pope. 

The following papers have been read during the Term : 

May 8— "Religion in England at the Eve of the Reformation,*' by the Rev 
the Master of Pembroke College. 

,y 15— "English Cathedrals," illustrated by lantern slides by W. K. L. 
Clarke B.A. (Jesus). 

„ 22— "Pastoral Visitation," by the Rev C. E. Garrad. 

There are twenty members in Residence* 

Fives Club. 

fLent TermsJ 

We are glad to see that great interest is still maintained in 
this branch of athletics. The Club has had reserved two courts 
every afternoon in the University Courts, which have been very 
largely patronized judging by the sheet kept in the New Court 
Lodge on which these courts are booked. A Tournament has 
been in progression during the Term and is now in its final 

The team has had a most successful term, only losing one 
match, in which the first pair played one short. Besides the 
two of last year's team the following have also played. H. K. 
Finch, F. C*. Norbury, S. D. Caddick, S. E. Fryer, and M. G. B. 

Date, Club, Result, Points, 

Jan. 29 Christ's .Won 4 games to 2 

Feb. 12 Chiist's Won...... 4 „ „ I 

„ 20 Sidney Won ....4 „ „ O 

„ 24 Emmanuel Lost i ,, „ 4 

Mar. 7 Bedford M. Sch.Won . , , . . .80 points to 72 

9 Sidney Won 6 games to o 

Natural Science Club. 

President^Q, C. Simpson. Treasurer— IJLx J. E. Marr. Hon. Secr-^ 
T. Parnell. 

The following papers have been read this term : 

May 4— "The Missing Link," by P. P. Laidlaw. 

May 18—'* Radium," by T. Parnell. 

June I — "The Relations between Mass and Properties,'' by 
H. Ramage. 

4o8 Our Chronic te. 

Musical Socieitt* 

President— T^x J, E. Sandys. Treasurer— 'R.ey A. J. Stevens. Committee^ 
G. C. CragKS. J. C. H How. O. May. H. E H. Oakclcy, H. H. Koscveare, 
J. F. Spink {Secretary), R. Steriulale-Bennett, R. Turner, H. J. W. Wreuford* 
Conductor and Librarian — Mr C. B. Rootham. 

For this yeir's Concert the Society again depended on 
members of the College alone, the only exception being one or 
two members of the Orchestra. 

The Concert was held in the College Hall on Monday, 
June 15. The attendance was a record one, 450 tickets having 
been applied for. In the end even standing room was at 
a premium. As usual the Concert was a great success — it is 
now universally admitted that the St John's Concerts are the 
best in the University. For this we are deeply indebted to 
Mr Rootham. His boundless energy, his unfailing tact and 
good humour are beyond all praise. No difficulty overcame 
him, and his excellent conducting put the crown on his 
arduous labours. 

The programme was as follows: 


t ••...».*' Landerkennung (Op. 31) Grieg 

Baritone Solo— J. C. H. HoW. 
Chorus and Orchestra. 

2. SoNGT. /'Nymphs and Shepherds" PUrcett 

H. J. W. Wrkn^ord. 

3. PiANOFORTB SOLO . » " Ballade '* in F Minor (Op. 52) Chopin 

R. Sterndale-Bknnett. 

T>..« c^^r^^ (<i) "Strew on her Roses*'.. ) •* » i» *«. 

4. PART Songs J^j "Love and Laughter'* .. j ••••^- ^' ^^^^^ 

The Chorus. 

5. ,,.» " Rondo from Concerto " No. 10 in E flat. Afotart 

(Two Pianofortes and Orchestra). 
Pianofortes : R. Sterndale-Bennett and G. C. Cragqs. 

6. Voc \L Qu artett . . . . " Hush, sweet Lute '* , C. V, Stanford 

H. J. W. Wrenford, J. F. Spink, J. C. H. How, R. Turner. 

Interval of 20 minutes, during which Refreshments were served 
in the Combination Room. 

Our Chronicie. 409 


> " Licbeslicder " Nos. 6, 13, 14, 15. , , , , Brahms 

(Chorus and Pianoforte Duet). 
Pianoforte: G. C. Craggs ako R. D. Waller. 

«. Song ..» "The RcSel" .....tV, Watlad 

J. C. H. How. 

9. DtJfet FOR 1^0 Pianofortes. .•< Andante and Variations ** in B. flat 

C. B. RooTiLAM, R. Sterndals-Bbnnett. 

10. Vocal Quartett. »" Where Shall the Lover Rest ? *' . ^Noel yohnsoH 
H. J. W. Wrenford, J. F. Spink, J. C. H. How, R. Turner. 

II «*Two Melodies for Strings".. .' Grieg 

(a) "Norwegian." (h) " The First Meeting/' 

The Orchestra. 

12. Chorus ."Lady Margaret Boating Song "......<?. J/. Oarrett 

Chorus and Orchestra. 

The Vocal Quartettes were excellent, and from the popular 
point of view were the successes of the evening. Mozart's Rondo 
was specially eifective, but the Pianoforte Duets were performed 
with such skill that words fail the reporter to adequately 
describe them. If there were "University Pairs" in Music 
Mr Rootham and Mr Stemdale-Bennett would simply romp in. 

The College Mission. 

President — ^The Master. Vice-Presidents — Professor Mayor, Mr Mnson, 
Mr Grravcs, Dr Sandys. Committee^ Senior Members — Mr Cox, Mr Dyson, 
Dr Shore, Mr Tanner (Senior Secretary), Mr Ward, Dr Walson (Senior 
Treasurer), Junior Members— ¥. W. Allen, G. Beith, R. D* Bell, E. 
Booker, R. Brownson, W. G. Cheese, H. L. Clarke, J. S. Collins, J. Frazer, 
J. B. Garle-Browne (Junior Treasurer), B. L. Kirkness, W. T. Ritchie, 
C. A. L. Senior, T. F. Spink (Junior Secretary)^ G. R. Wilkinson, H. J. W. 

Mr Edwards paid a visit to the College at the begining of 
the term ; and Mr Elsee was in Cambridge for Whit Sunday. 
We understand that visitors to the Mission during vacation time 
are as welcome as ever. 

The Boys Camp is to be held at Water Stratford again this 
year, from August 8 to 22. It is reported that a stock of steel 
chairs and cups and saucers of adamant is being laid in for the 


4IO Our Chronicle. 

Saturday Night Service. 

In thg Ante- Chapel at lo o'clock. 

The following is the list of addresses during the Term : 

May 2— Mr N. W. A. Edwards, Aisistant College Missioner at Walworth. 

,, 9 — ^Dr CunnhighaiTiy FeUow of Trinity College, Vicar of Great St. 
Mary's Church. 

,, 1 6 — Mr G. A. Weekes, Fellow and Dean of Sidney Sussex College. 

„ 23— Mr H. L. C. V. de Candole, Vicar of Holy Trinity Church. 

,, 30— Mr W. S. Kelley, of the Cambiidge Mission at Delhi. 

June 6— Mr V. N. GUbert, Curate of St Giles* Church. 


• Thg asieruk denotes pcut or present Members of the College, 

Donations and Additions to the Library daring 
Quarter ending Lady Day 1903. 


Macgregor (J. G.). An elementary TrcatiseX 
on Kinematics and Dynamics. 8vo. 
Lond. 1887. 347-4 

Thompson (Silvanus P.). Elementary Lessons 
in Electricity and Magnetism. New 
Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1895. 3.47.5.... 

Jewish Encyclopedia, The. A descriptive 
Record of the History, Religion, Litera- 
ture and Customs of the Jewish People 
from the earliest Times to the present 
Day. Vol, I. Aach — Apocalyptic Litera- 
ture. 4to. New York and Lond. 1901. 


Lachlah (R.) and Fletcher* (\V. C). The 
Elements of Geometry. 8 vo. Lond. 1903. 

^ Dr. D. MacAlistev. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh. Transactions. 
Vol. XLII. The Ben Nevis Observations 
1888-1892. Edited by A. Buchan and 
R, T. Omond. 4to. Edin. 1902. 3.39.9., 

Newman (Cardinal). The Pillar of the Cloud ;\ 
"Lead, kindly Light." A Translation 
into Latin Elegiacs by Richard Horton- 
Smith.* (A Reprint from Notes and\ 
Queries^ Nov. 1902). 8vo / 

•Harker (Alfred). Petrology f<T Students.) 
3rd Ediiion. 8vo. Camb. 1902. 3.27.58. f 

James (M. R.). The Western MSS. in theV 
Library of Trinity College, Cambridge. \ 
Vol. III. 8vo. Camb. 1902. 14.4.24,.) 

•Newnham (Rev. W. O.) Alrcsford Essays 
forthe Times. 8vo. Lond. 1891. 11. 17. 53, ' 

•Roby (H. J.). Roman Private Law in the" 
Times of Cicero and of the Antonines. • 
2 Vols. 8vo. Camb. 1902. K.13.6,7.. 

Cambridge Philosophical Society. Proceed- 
ings. Vol. XII. Part i. 8vo. Camb. 1903. 

*Bonney (T. G.). Alpine Valleys in Relation \ 
to Glaciers. (From the Quart. Joum. I 
GeoL Sac, Vol. LVIII., 1902.) 8vo... . 

Relation of Breccias to the Physical >• 

Geography of their Age.*(From the Quart, 
7ourn, Geol. Soc, Vol. LVIIL, 1902). 

Mr. BatesoD^ 

The Translator. 

The Author. 

The Master and Fellows of 
Trinity College. 

Rev. A. Sloman. 

Syndics of the Cambridge 
University Press. 

Dr. Shore. 

The Author. 


The Lilrary^ 

^'ewton (A.). Gill>ert White of Selbonie.\ 
Private Reprint of a Proof as revised by the 
Author for the Dictionary of National 
Biography, Vol. LXI. 1 899. 8vo 

•Prilchard (Rev. C). Eloges of Sir W. 
Rowan Hamilton and J. F. Encke. 8vq. 
Lqnck. 1 866 , . . . « « , ^ 

* professor Mayof. 


Ward (Rev. Bernard). St. Edjnund, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, his Life, as told by 
old English Writers, 8vo. Lond. 1903. 
11.26.49 «.... , 

Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report for 
the year ending June 30, 1900. Report 
of the U.S. National Museum. Svo. 
Washington, 1902. 3.46 . . . ^ 

•Mandello (J. G.). Essay on the History and 
Statistics of Wages in the Middle Ages 

gCYth Century) in Hungarian. 8vo. 
udapest, 1903. 1.42. 1 ^ 

•Taylor (Dr. C.). ITie elementary Geon^elry 
of Conies. 8th Edition revised with a 
Chapter on Inventio Orbium. 8vo. Camb. 

1903. 3»47.Si 

•Whitworth (Rev. W. A.). DCC Exercisesv^ 

including Hints for the Solution of all tlie 

Questions in Choice and Chance. 8vo. 

Camb. 1897. 3-49-S4 

•»— The Churchman's Almanac for eight 

Centuries (1 201 to 2000). fol. Lond. 1882. 


*-^ The Claims of Religion and Charily. A 

lermnn preached June 13, 1897. 2n(l 

Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1897 

• XVI Years' Experience of voluntary 

Church Councils. 8vo. Lond. 1897... 
-^ The Ornaments Rubric, a Word for 

Peace. 8vo. Lond. i8q8 ,...,. 

.«'-— Canonical Obedience, A Sermon pi eached 

Jan. 29, 1899. 8vo. Lond. 1899 

— Piocedure in Ecclesiastical Causes. 8vo. 
Lond. 1899 

• The Lambeth Hearing. A I-ecture 

delivered in Advent, 1899. 8vo. Lond. 
1900., ., 

— Church and School. Some Thoughts on 
elementary Education. 8vo. Lond. 1900. 

-m — Te Deum Laudamus. Notes of Instruc- 
tion given at All Saints,' Margaret St. 
2nd Issue. 8vo. Lond. 1902 ^ 

Melz Pontifical, The, A Manuscript written' 
for Reinhald von Bar, Bishop of Metz 
(1302- 13 16), and now belonging to Sir 
Thomas Biooke. Edited by Rev. E. S. 
Pgwi^U.* ful, Lond. 1902. AB.i,,..^ 

The Author. 

The Smiihsoniati 

The Author, 

The Author, 

) The Author, 

The Editor. 

The Library^ 415 


ActA. The Public General Acts passed in the Secosd Year of King 

Edward VII. 8vo. Lond. 1903. SL. 13. 
Atlas. Historical Atlas of Modern Europe frc»m the Decline of the Roman 

Empire. Edited by R, L. Poole, fol Oxford, 1902. Library Taljie-s 
Cambridge Antiquarian Society, Cambridge Gild Records. Edited by 

Mary Bateson. With a Preface by Wm. Cunningham. 8vo. Camb. 1903. 
Cambiidge University. The Book of Matriculations and Degrees from 185 1 

to 1900. 8vo. Camb. 1902. 5.27.35. 
Catalogue g^n^ral de la Librairie Eran9aise. Tome XV. (1891-1899)^ ler, 

Fasc. 8vo. Paris, 1902. 
Claudius Ftolemaeus. Opera quae ezstant omnia. Vol. I. Pars it. Tiulbtur 

Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1903. 
Cpmmentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. Vol. V. Pars vi. ThemistU 

(Sophoniae) in Parva Naturalia Commentatium. Edidit Paulus WendUnd. 

8vo. Berolini, 1903, 
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Vol. VI. Pars iv. Fasc. 2. Inscriptiones 

Urbis Romae Latinae. Additamenta. CoUeglt et edidit C. Huelsen, 

fol. Berolini, 1902. 
•Cunningham ^John W.). The Velvet Cushion. 8vo. Lond. 18 1 4. it. 11.48. 
Dictionary, The English Dialect. Edited by J. Wright, Parts XVII-5CX. 

(On — Sharp). 4I0. Lond. 1903. 
Piclionary (New English) on historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H, 

Murtay. (Lief— Lock). 4to. Os^ford, 1902. 
Edwards (G, M.). Sidney Subsex College. (College Histories Series). 8vo. 

Lond. 1899. 5.28.77. 
Encyclopaedia firitannica, 9th Edition. Vol. XXXIV : Maps. 4to, Edin. 

and Lond. 1903. 4,2.35. 
Georgius Acropolita. Opera. Recens. A Hcisenberg. Vol. I, Teuhner 

7ext, 8vo. Lipsiae, 19Q3. 
Godefroy (F.). Dictionnaire de Pancienne Langue Frangaise du IXe au 

XVe Si^cle. Tome X. (Complement : Jnaccoutum^— Zoophyte). 410. 

Paris, 1902. 7.3. 
Henry Bradshaw Society. Vol. XXIV. The Benedidional of Archbishop 

Robert. Edited by H. A. Wilson. 8vo. Lond. 1903. ii. 16.61. 
Hero Alexandiinus. Opera quae supersnnt omnia. Vol. HL Edidit H. 

Schone. Teuhner Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1903. 
Herwerden (H, v«in). Lexicon Graecum suppletotium et dialecticum. 8vo. 

Lugd. Bat. 1902. 7.26.24. 
Herzog (J. J.). Realencyklopadle fur protestantische Theologie und Kirche 

HcrauNg, von D. Albert Hauck. Band XII. (Lutheraner — Metbodisuius). 

8vo. Leipzig, 1903. 9.1.50. 
Hesiodus. Carmina. Recens. A. Rzach. Teubner Text, 8vo. Xjpsiae» 

•Mangey (Thomas). Notitia Ecclesiastica piimiiivae Ecclesiae, & Tlioma 

Mangey, D.D. collecta, in Tiibus Libiis comprehensa. MS. (paper). 

folio. AB.2. 
Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Lcgum Sectio \, Tom. I. Legea 

Visigothorum. 4to. Hannoverae, 1902. 
Oxford Historical Society. Remarks and Collections of Thomas Heame, 

Vol. VI. (Jan. I, I7i7--May 8, 1719). 8vo. Oxford, 1902. 5.26.92. 
Pal«ontographical Society, Vol. LVT. Issued for 1902. 4to. Lond. 1902. 

Plato, The Republic. Edited with critical Notes, Commentary and 

Appendices by J. Adam. 2 vols. 8vo. Camb. 1902. 7.15.60,61. 
Prosopographia Attica. Edidit J, Kircbner. Vul. II. 8vo. Berolini, 

1903* 7*26.21. 
Rolls Series. A descriptive Catalogue of ancient Deeds in the Public Record 

Office, Vol. IV. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 15. 10.9. 
'^— Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry IIL preserved in the Public Record 

Office. A.p. 1 225- 1 232. 8vo. Lond 1903. i^.io.u. 

414 The Library. 

Hoyal Historical Society. Traasactions. New Scries. Vol. XVI. 8vo. 

Lond. 1902. 5 17. 
Scargill-Biid (S. R.). A Guide to the principal Classes of Documents 

preserved in the Public Hecord 0£&ce. 9nd £dition. 8vo. Lond. 1896. 

Scottish Record Publications. Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of 

ScoUand. Edited by Sir J. B. Paul. Vol. IV. A.D. 1507-1513. 8vo. 

Edin. 1902. 5.4.4. 
Seeley (Sir J. R.). The Growth of British Policy. % vols. 2nd Edition. 

8yo. Camb. 1897. 5.38.80,81. 
Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, Vol. IX. ^Fasc. IV. (Artus— astringo). 410. 

Lipsiae, 1903. 
Trevelyan (G. M.). England in the Age of Wycliffc. 3rd Edition. 8vo. 

X^nd. 1900. 1 1. 1 5.26. 
Vincent (W. T.). The Records of the Woolwich District. 2 Vols. 8vo. 

Woolwich, N.D. 
Willich's Tithe Commutation Tables. Annual Supplement 1903. 8vo. 

Lond. 1903. 
Wyclif Society. Wyclif (Joh.). Miscellanea Philosophica. Vol. L Edited 

by M. H. Dziewicki. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 11. 16 
^-^ De Civili Dominio Liber Tertius. With critical and historical 

Kotes by Dr. J. Loserth, Vol. III. 8vo. Lond. 1903. 11.16. 


C^e €a$U 

a ^agailttf tfuppovtfl) bp iKtmltx% of 
Sbt SoI^n'K tfollege 

l9ctcmft(T 1902 

yrtnteH for Sbutecribets onis 


^intcD bv iHctcalU ^ Ci. VmiltV, l&oic erMciiil 

VTfilumt XXW «X«'» 


Frontispieci — Samod Butler. 

Notes from the College Records (continuiS) 

The Elbow of Tynedale 

De Coronatione 



Napoleon at St Helena 

The Shield of Achilles 

Father William 

Idem Latin6 Redditum 

A Visit to a Boer Camp in India 

The Chapel Organ 

Obituary : 

Samuel Butler B.A. 

Rev Andrew Halliday Douglas M.A. 

Edward John Chalmers Morton M.A. 

Jerediah Prendergast Merritt 
The Johnian Dinner, 1902 
Our Chronicle 
The Library 
List of Subscribers 1902— 1903 








The Subscription for the current year is fixed at 4/6; it includes 
Nos 129, 130 and 131. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied with the Magazine for five years, datinjr from the Term in 
which the payment is made, and will receive gratis^ on application, a copy 
of the IntUx (vols i — xv). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. E. Merry at the College Buttery : cheques and postal orders 
should be made payable to TTu Treasurer of the Eagle Magazine, 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with ^fr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subscribers are requested to note that the Eagle will be sent to them 
until they give notice to Mr Mkrry that they wish it to be discontinued. 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early date 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Mr J. R. Tanner, W. Barradell- 
Smith, T. N. Palmer, B. Merivale, J. E. D. Joce. 

N.B. — Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to one of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors will welcome assistance 
in this effort. 

A special case, for binding volumes of the Eagle, hearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by Mr E. Johnson, Trinity Street, Charge for 
case and binding 2/6/ case alone 1/6. 

LargC'Paper copies of the plate of the College Arms, forming the 
frontispiece to No 89, may be obtained by Subscribers at the reduced price 
ofiodon application to Mr Merry at the College Buttery. 

Copies of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret may be 
obtained by Subscribers at the reduced price of ^d. on application to Mr Merry 
at the College Buttery, 

Fine impressions, folio, of the old copper^plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret, may be had at the Buttery : price 21. dd. 

The lists of Past Occupants of Rooms in the College, compiled by Mr 
G. C. M. Smith is now ready : Price One Shilling. 

The INDEX to the EAGLE (vols i— zy) may be had 
from Mr Merry at the College Battery, prioe half-a-orown. 

C^e €agle 

^Axtb 1908 

yrfnteDf for Sbuiifctans onlp 

IE, 9o|ftii)(oiii Vfliiitp Sbtatt 

Vrtnti^ bv iKctalfc Ir ۤ. XlwHtTi, Bmc CDraKcni 


Froniispiece: The Old Chapel. 

Notes from the College Records 

A Fragment . . 

Twopence Coloured 

To — At Harvey Road . 

The Truants 

The Path to Ditton 

An Mhuighdean Thr6igthe . 

The Maiden Forsaken 

The Choice of a Profession 

The Old Chapel 

Samuel Butler 

Obituary : 

Rev Spicer William Wood D.D. 

Rev Henry Scadding D.D. 

Rev Canon Thomas Adams M.A., D.C.L. 

Rev James John Christie M. A.. . 

Henry Joseph Gough 

Clarence Esm6 Stuart M. A. 
Our Chronicle 
The Library 









The Sabscription for the current year is fixed at 4/6; il includes 
Nos 129, 130 and 131. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied with the Magazine for five years, dating firom the Term in 
which the payment is made, and will receive gratis^ on application, a copy 
of the Indix (vols i — ^xv). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. E. MEIUL7 at the College Buttery: cheques and postal orders 
should be made payable to Thi Tnasurer 0/ thi Eagle Magtuini. 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with Mr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subscribers are requested to note that the BagU will be sent to them 
until they give notice to Mr Mekrt that they wish it to be discontinued. 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early date 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Mr J. R. Tanner, W. Barradell- 
Smith, T. N. P. Palmer, B. Merivale, J. E. D. Joce. 

N.B. — Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to ont of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors wiU welcome assistance 
in this effort. 

A special castf for binding volumes of the Eagle, bearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by Mr E. Johnson, Innity Street. Charge for 
case aftd binding 2/6; case alone 1/6. 

Large-paper copies of the plate of the College Arms, forming the 
frontispiece to No 89, may be obtained by Subscribers at the reduced price 
of lod on application to Mr Merry at the ColUge Buttery, 

Copies of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret may be 
obtained by Subscribers at the reduced price of^d, on application to Mr Merry 
at the College Buttery, 

Fine impressions, folio, of the old copper-plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret, may be had at the Buttery : price is. 6d. 

The list of Past Occupants of Rooms in the College, compiled by Mr 
Q^. C. M. Smith is now ready : Price One ShilUng. 

The INDEX to the EAGLE (vols i— zv) may be had 
from Mr Merry at the College Bnttery, prioe half-a-orown. 

€Ije €aglE 

i&t 30^'tf eollfge 

9une 1906 

IWntA fof SbidMCiOitts onlp 

VidiM tf JKctcalfc IP Ci. VtefuVf mm emccM 




PUU—St John's Street 

Notes from the CoUege Records (canHnued) 

The Voiceless 

Die Stimmlosen 

The Truants . 

Ritttal and Religion 

Cacoethes Curandi 

The Funeral of Sinerftni 


The Tithe Bam at ^furston . 

Our Frontispiece 

The Commemoration Sermon 

Obituary : 

William Francis Kemp M.A. 

Rev Canon John Morley Lee M.A. 

Joseph Parry Mus.D. 

Rev George Smith M.A. 

Clarence Esm€ Sluart M.A. 
Our Chronicle 
The Library . 









. 346 



. 35* 




. 364 





. 368 






. 376 




The Subscription for the current year is fixed at 4/6; il includes 
Nos 129, 130 and 131. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied with the Magazine for five years, dating from the Term in 
which the payment is made, and will receive gratis^ on application, a copy 
of the Index (vols i — xv). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. £. Merry at the College Battery : cheques and postal orders 
shoald be made payable to Ths Treasurer of the Eagle Afagmne, 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with Mr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subset ibers are requested to note that the Eagle will be sent to them 
until they give notice to Mr Mekry that they wish it to be discontinued. 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early dale 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Mr J. R. Tanner, W. Barradell- 
Smith, T. N. P. Palmer, B. Merivale, J. B. D. Joce. 

N.B. — Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to one of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors will welcome assistance 
iu this effort. 

A special ease, for biruling volumes of the Eagle, bearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by Mr E. Johnson, Trinity Street, Charge for 
case and binding 2/6 ; ccue alone 1/6, 

Large^paper copies of the plate of the College Arms, forming the 
frontispiece to No 89, tnay be obtained by Subscribers at the t educed price 
ofiodon application to Mr Merry at the College Buttery, 

Copies of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret may be 
obtained by Subscribers at the reduced price of id, oti application to Mr Merry 
at the College Buttery, 

Fifie impressions, folio, of the old copper-plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret, may be had at the Buttery : price is, td. 

The list of Past Occupants of Rooms in the College, compiled by Mr 
(Gr. C. M. Smith is now ready : Price One Shilling. 

. The INDEX to the SAQLE (vols i—xv) may be had 
from Mr Ueny at the CoUesre Battery, price half-a^orown.