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Full text of "Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth County, New Jersey"

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1233693 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS 



MONMOUTH COUNTY, NEW JERSEY 



GEORGE C. BEEKMAN. 



MOREAU RROS., PUBLISHERS, 
FREEHOLD, N". J. 



Second Edition Printed, 1915. 



1233693 

PREFACE. 

When the publication of these articles on the Early Dutch 
Settlers of Monmouth was begun in The Freehold Transcript, 
I had no idea they would develop to such Length. 

Several of the articles written for the weekly issues of this 
newspaper read all right therein, but now, gathered together 
in hook form, they appear fragmentary and disconnected. 

A great deal of time and labor by more than one person has 
been devoted to gathering material from public records, family 
papers, tombstone inscriptions, and other original sources of 
information. Much of this is comprised in short notes and 
small type, and, by putting these compilations in hook form 
they will be accessible for reference. For there is much work 
to be done before a full genealogy can be written of either the 
Conover, Hendrickson, or Schanck families. 

The illustrations are chiefly old dwelling houses erected 
by the early settlers or their sons. The buildings are disappear- 
ing before the march of improvement and the decay of time, and 
in another generation not one will probably he left. Some are 
of the Dutch style of architecture, others of the English, but 
they show the radical difference of the two races in character. 
1 have been unable to procure the likeness of any of our pioneer 
settlers, and therefore was compelled to select persons of the 
present generation, who bear in form or features a strong 
family resemblance to their parental ancestors. These selec- 
tions have been made by myself, and solely for the above reason. 

Among these pictures are four members of different gen- 
erations of the same family, all closely connected by ties of 
blood. Each generation shows a marked difference, yet a 
family likeness can he detected in all of them. (i. ( '. I'». 

Freehold, X. .1., August 7, L901. 



RECORDS OF THE CONOVERS, SCHENCKS AND 
VANDERVEERS. 



In. in 



Roelof Martense Schenck 
Amersfoort, Province of Utrecht, Hol- 
land, in 1619. and came to New Amster- 
dam with his brother Jan. and sister 
Annetje. in 1650. In 1660 he married 
Neeltje, daughter of Gerrit Wolphertse 
VanCouwenhoven, who was a son of 
Wolfert Garretson VanCouwenhoven. 
who came from Amersfoort aforesaid 
to America in 1630 with the Dutch emi- 
grants who settled Rensselaerwick. 
near what is now Albany in the state 
ot New York. Soon after his marriage 
t.) Neeltje Gonover (as the name is now 
spelled) he settled permanently at 
Flatlands, Long- Island, where his wife 
had been born. 

His will was made September!. 1704. 



Aug 



Book 



with other int. rn ttion i ..... i mlng him 
and many of his d< ic< ndants, is pub 
lished in a book compiled by Capl A. 
D. Schenck U. S. A., published in 1S83 
and entitled "Ancestry and Descendants 
of Rev. William Schenck." 

The will of his son Garret, who set- 
tled in Monmouth county, N. J., is also 
published in this work: it was executed 
January 12, 1739, proved October 7th, 

1745, and is now on r rd in the office 

of Secretary of the state of New Jersey. 

Roeloi' Martense Schenck devised all 
his real .state to his eldest son Martin, 
who married June 20th, 1686. Susanna 
Abrahamse I'.rinckerhotT He bequeaths 
to his two youngest sons. Garret and 
Jan. and to his six living daughters, 
Jonica, Maryke, Margaretta, Neeltje 
Maykj and Sara, and the two children 

of his a aseJ daughter Ann-itje sixtj 

and a half pounds each, and makes 
thtse legacies thai geable upon the r.-al 
estate devised to his eldest son. 

His two sons, Garret and Jan, settled 
in Monmouth county about 1695. Their 
names appear in our court and other 
public records soon after this date. 
They and their wives were among the 
first communicants of the Marlboro 
Dutch church, as now called. Garret 
Schenck married Neeltje Coerten Van- 
Voorhees at Flatlands, L. L, and died 
September 5, 1745. on the farm known 
as the Rappleyea farm at Pleasant Val- 



He names in 


his wil 


five sc 


ns \ 


jz . 


Roelof. who 


married 


Eugei 


tje 


Van- 


Dorn; Koert, \\ 


ho man 


ied Ma 


y Peterse 


VanCouwenho\ 


en, and 


died on 


his 


farm 


near the present villag 


e of M 


irlbo 




1771. Garret, 


who l 


tarried 


Jan 


letje 


Williamse Va 




hoven 


and 


died 


on the homestt 


ad farm 


in Plea 




Val- 


ley, February 


1 1. 1792 


John. 


who 








e Ann 




wen- 








13. 


1775; 


Albert, who m 


tried n 


st Catj 


Con 


over, 


second, Agnes 


VanBru 


at, and* 


died 


May 












Mary, one of 


Garret Schenck 


■s da 


ugh- 


ters, married Hendrick 


Smock 


and 


died 


dauel ter 's 'r 


iving h 


er nS 


and 


two 


Altje. anot 


ler da 


lghter, 


ma 


rried 


Tm n.s VanD< r\ 


eer and 


had six 


sons and 



a third daughter married for her first 
husband Hendrick Hendrickson and for 
her second Elias Golden. 

The Smocks and Vanderveers, now so 
numerous in Monmouth county, are 
principally descended from these' sons 
of the above named Schenck sisters. 

Jan Schenck. the brother of Garret, 
was born at Flatlands, L. I.. February 
10. LS70, married there in 1691 his 

born at the same place January 6, 1675 
He died January 30, 17. r ,3, on the farm 
now owned by Edgar, son of the late 
Hon. George Schenck in Pleasant Val- 
ley. His wife died January 31, 1761. 
Three of Garret and Jan Schenck's half 
sisters married the three VanCouwen- 
hoven brothers, who were the first set- 
tlers of this name in Monmouth county, 

First. Cornelius Williamse VanCou- 
wenhoven. bom at Flatlands. L. I., Nov- 
ember 29, 1672, married there September 
8, 1700, Margaretta Schenck and died 
May 16. 1736, on his farm adjacent to 
the farms of Garret and Jan Schenck 
in Pleasant Valley. On pages 82 and 
82% of the old town book of Middle- 
town township is the record of their 



"June ye 24, 1696, then Garret 
Schenck. Cornelius Couwenhoven and 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS Of MONMOUTH. 



Peter Wicoff gave their ear marks to 
be recorded." 

"Garret Schenck, his ear marks, a 
fork on top of left ear and a piece cut 
aslope of the upper or foreside of the 
right ear, making the ear both shorter 
and narrower. Recorded to his son." 

"Cornelius Couwenhoven, his mark is 
a fork on the right ear and a small cut 
in on the underside of the left ear. 
Recorded to his son." 

"Peter Wicoff, his ear mark is a hole 
through the rig-tit ear and a piece cut 
aslope off the upper or foreside of the 
left ear, making the ear both shorter 
and narrower." 

"April 25. 1698, John Schenck, his ear 
mark is a crape of the top of the near 
ear and a half penny on each side of 
same ear." 

Second. Albert Williamse VanCou- 
wenhoven, born at Flatlands, L. I., Dec- 
ember 7, 1676, married there about 1701 
Neeltje Schenck and died in Monmouth 
county July 7. 1751. 

Third. Jacob Williamse VanCouwen- 
hoven, born at Flatlands, L. I., January 
29, 1679, married there November 12, 
1705, Sarah Schenck and died at Middle- 
town, Monmouth county. December 1, 
1744. 

Thus a very clase relationship, both 
by blood and intermarriage, existed be- 
tween the two Schenck brothers, and the 
three Conover brothers who first settled 
here, and who are the ancestors of all 
who now bear those names in Mon- 
mouth county. 

The name VanCouwenhoven, .-•s the 
Dutch language yielded very slowly but 
surely to the English tongue, under- 
went several changes both in spelling 
and pronunciation. Our early court and 
church records show some of these 
changes. The "Van" was dropped and 
name spelled Couwenhoven or Kowen- 
hoven. Then Cowenhoven, next Coven- 
hoven or Covenoven. and finally Con- 
over. 

This family have been in America 
nearly three centuries. As the original 
progenitor came here in 1630, another 
generation, or 32 years from present 
date, will complete this period since the 
Conover tree was first planted in the 
new world. Very few families in the 
United States of Netherland blood can 
show such an ancient lineage, about 
which there can be no doubt. Neither 
can any family show greater fidelity in 
their obedience to the Scriptural in- 
junction "to increase and multiply in 
the land." If all the male and female 
descendants ol Wolphert Garritson 
VanCouwenhoven now in the United 
St.-iU-s coul. 1 be gathered together in 



lid be 



ight 



Neither do I know of any of this 
name who has been convicted of any 
infamous crime. Their family history 
is remarkably free from all dishonor- 
able stains. While none of them have 
achieved fame as authors, ministers, 
presidents, generals, or millionaires, 
yet on the other hand they have gen- 
erally occupied respectable positions, 
led useful lives, and been good citizens. 
That is, the Conovers are not found at 
either extreme of the social scale but 
on the safe middle ground. During the 
stormy days of the Revolution I do not 
know of a single Conover, Smock, 
Schenck, or Vanderveer in Monmouth 
county who was a Tory. On the con- 
trary, so far as I can learn, they were 
all sturdy, uncompromising patriots. 
Many of them, like Captain Jacob Cov- 
enhoven. Colonel Barnes Smock. Cap- 
tains John and William Schenck and 
Tunis Vanderveer, did yeoman service 
both in council and battle for their 
country. During the late war of the 
rebellion the records of our state show- 
that over 50 Schencks and over 70 Con- 
overs, served in the New Jersey reg- 
iments. I, therefore, can sincerely say 
that I do not know of any family of 
Dutch descent who have a better right 
to celebrate the year 1930, the tricen- 
tennial of their residence in America 
(now only 32 years off) than .the Con- 
overs and their kinsmen among the 
Smocks, Schencks and Vanderveers. 
They can then sing with gusto and 
truth the following verses and no one 
can question their right to do so, or the 
propriety of such a tricentennial jubilee. 

Ye sturdy Dutchmen, now arise, 

•For singing of the ancient times. 

We're going for to go: 
When this fair land on every hand 

Was peopled by the Dutch, 
And all the rest however blest. 

They did not count for much. 

Of centennial celebrations. 

We've had some two or more; 
These upstarts of an hundred years. 

But one find in their score. 
And tho' they boast a mighty host, 

"Four Hundred," brave and fair: 
We quietly look in History's book 

And fail to find them there. 
Chorus. 
I am a Van, of a Van, of a Van. of a Van. 

Of a Van of a way back line: 
On every rugged feature 

Ancestral glories shine. 
And all our band in kinship stand. 

With all that's old and fine. 
I'm a Van. of a Van. of a Van, of a Van, 

Of a Van of ;i way back line. 



TRAITS OF CONOVER CHARACTER. FANCIFUL 
ORIGIN OF THE NAME. 



I have sometimes heard the inquiry, 
what does "Covenhoven" mean in the 
Low Dutch language? 

This question I cannot answer, al- 
though many years ago. I heard a 
gentleman of this family give the fol- 
lowing explanation: 

He said that in the early settlement 
of Long Island, a Hollander with a long 
jaw-breaking name, had taken up his 
residence near Gravesend. His nearest 
neighbors were English people, who 
had followed Lady Deborah Moody from 
Massachusetts Bay. They were unable 
to understand his Dutch talk any better 
than he understood their foreign 
speech. Neither were they able to pro- 
nounce his name. Near his house he 
had erected on four posts an old fash- 



ion 



common in Monmouth county fifty years 
ago. They had a level brick bottom, 
some three or four feet wide, and eight 
or ten in length. This was arched over 
with brick. Light dry fuel, like old 
fence rails, was placed in the oven and 
fired. When the wood was consumed 
and the oven thoroughly heated, the 
bread, pies or other things to be baked, 
were shoved in with a long handled 
iron shovel. The door was then closed 
until the articles were thoroughly done. 
This Hollander also owned a cow. which 
had been brought over from his old 
sea-home, and was a highly prized ani- 
mal in those early days. One cold win- 
ter's night, a pack of hungry wolves 
approached very close to his dwelling. 
Their fierce howling frightened the 
cow. so that she broke out of the shed, 
and ran wildly around the house. 



on 



Thi 



four posts she kicked 
dent was talked about by the English 
neighbors who, unable to pronounce his 
name, described him as the man whose 
cow kicked over, or went over the oven. 
This was soon abbreviated into "Cow- 
and-oven," or "Cow-n-hoven." This is 
doubtless a fanciful explanation. Like 
those given by Washington Irving in 
his Knickerbocker History of New 
York, of the meaning or origin of Dutch 
surnames, based on the erroneous idea, 
that Dutch names have a meaning like 
English words of "idem sonans." 



Although this old "VanCouvenhoven" 
name has been often changed, yet the 
genuine Conovers retain in a marked 
degree the physical and mental char- 
acteristics of the Batavian and Frisian 
race from which they spring. That is, 
where they have not intermarried too 
often with French, Irish, English or 
other foreign people. 

The real Couvenhoven, whose Dutch 
blood is unadulterated, is generally a 
fine looking specimen of the "genus 
homo." Robust and well proportioned 
in person, square shouldered and deep 
chested, with ruddy complexion, light 
blue eyes and sandy hair. Bluff in 
manner, sincere and frank in expression 
of his opinions, honest in his dealings 
and grim and tenacious in resolution. 
Trickery, deceit and show he detests, 
and would rather be underestimated 
than overestimated by other people. He 
wants the substantial things of this 
life and not the mere show or appear- 
ance of things. That is, he would choose 
anytime a square meal of pork and 
potatoes, rather than a fine or fashion- 
able suit of broadcloth, with jewelry 
to match, on an empty stomach. Such 
are some of the traits of the genuine 
Couvenhoven. if a true descendant of 
the first Hollanders of this name. And 
there ought to be many genuine Con- 
overs in Monmouth. The late Rev. Gar- 
ret C. Schenek told the writer that 
there have been 150 marriages in Mon- 
mouth county since 1700 where both 
the bride and groom were of this name. 
The three brothers who settled here, 
must have been men of marked individ- 
uality, great vigor, and force of char- 
acter. For a century after their settle- 
ment, or in 1800. their respective des- 
cendants were spoken of as three sep- 
arate or distinct branches or families. 

The late Samuel Conover, who was 
twice sheriff of Monmouth county, often 
remarked that there were three kinds 
of Conovers, and distinguished as the 
"Lop-eared" Conovers, the "Big-foot" 
Conovers and the "Wide-mouth" or 



'W< 



Con 



The lop-eared variety were so called 
because of their protuberant ears, set 
at right angles with the head. They 
were 1 noted for their up-to-date farms. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS'OF MONMOUTH. 



substantial building's and good strong 
fences. Their crops in the rear of their 
farms were as well cultivated and look- 
ed as good as those next to the public 
highway, for none of them liked •'Pres- 
byterian" farming, as they called it. 
They liked to set a good table with full 
and plenty on it, and the "wayfaring 
man." if half decent in looks, who hap- 
pened to come along at meal time, was 
never denied a seat at their table. 

The "Big-foot" Conovers. although 
sadly lacking in the standard of beauty 
which prevails in the Celestial empire, 
are nevertheless a fine looking people. 
Some of the most handsome men and 
most beautiful women ever raised in 
Monmouth county can be found among 
the different generations of the big- 
foot variety. They. too. liked good big 
farms, solid and comfortable buildings 
for man and beast, with well filled 
barns, well stocked cellars and smoke 
houses, with true friends and neighbors 
to gather around the blazing fire, and 
partake of the good cheer of their 
homes. 

The "Wide-mouth" or "Weasel" roll- 



overs, were generally tall and wiry 
men. Polished and polite in manners, 
smooth and pleasant in speech, and 
very well groomed in appearance and 
dress. Fond of fast horses and elegant 
carriages, of fashionable clothing and 
expensive jewelry. This variety of the 
Conovers were also very successful in 
horse trading, in running for office and 
also occasionally in "bucking the tiger" 
when led into it by bad company. In 
fact they were at home in any business 
which required diplomacy or extra 
finesse. 

How this description given by Sheriff 
Sam Conover tallies with the real facts 
the reader can judge for himself. I 
merely repeat the current gossip with- 
out vouching for its accuracy. Although 
1 can safely say that so far as success- 
ful horse trading and office getting 
goes, nobody has ever beat the Couven- 
hovens in Monmouth county, unless it 
is the Hendricksons. Schencks. Smocks 



or Va 



?ho 



lly 



mi'- 



iths Cone 



THE WILL OF JAN SCHENCK, AND SOME OF HIS 
DESCENDANTS. 



.Ian Schenck. who settled on and 
owned the farm now owned by Edgar 
Schenck in Holmdel township, was a 
VanCouwenhoven on his mother's side 
He likewise married an own cousin, 
Sarah Couwenhoven, who was a sister 
of the three brothers of this name, who 
all married Schenck wives and settled 
in Monmouth county. 

His will was executed September 7th, 
A. D. 1746. proved June 3rd, 17?:i. and 
is now on record in the office of Secre- 
tary of State at Trenton. N. .1.. in Book 
V ,',{ Wills, pages 262, etc. 

The following is a true copy of this 



In the name of God Amen : 

The seventh day of September in the twen- 
tieth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the Second by the grace of God over 
Great Britian King. etc. Annoq Domni one 
thousand seven hundred and fourty-six, I, 
John Schenck. Sen.. 6f Middletown in the 
County of Monmouth and Eastern Division of 
the Province of New Jersey, yeoman, being in 
health of body and of sound and perfect mind 
and memory thanks be given to God : therefore 
calling unto mind the mortality of my body 
and knowing that it is appointed for all men 
once to Die. do make and ordain this my last 
will anil Testament. That is to say Principally 



and first of all I give and recommend my Soul 
into the hands of God that gave it. and my 
Body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in 
Christian like and decent manner at the dis- 
cretion of my Executors hereafter mentioned, 
nothing doubting but at the General Resur- 
rection I shall receive the same again by the 
mighty power of God; and as touching these 
wordly things and Estate wherewith it has 
pleased God to bless me in this life. I give. 
Devise and Dispose of the same in manner and 
form following. Viz: Imprimis I Will and 
positively Order that all my Debts and Funeral 
charges be paid and fully discharged in con- 
venient time after my Deceas9 by my Exec- 
utors hereafter mentioned. Item: I give and 
bequeath to Sarah, my dearly beloved wife 
(and hereby order that she shall have) the 
full and sole use and possession and benefit of 
all and singular my Estate Real and Personal 
after my decease of what nature or kind soever 
or wheresoever the same may be found to be 
belonging to me. by any way or means what- 
ever the usi benefits and profits thereof, and 
every part and parcel thereof to be received by 
and belong unto her for and during her natural 
life. That is to say for the support of herself 
and maintenance of my loving son John 
Schenck, so long as my above said wife's 
natural life shall continue. Item : I give, be- 
queath and Devise unto my aforesaid son, John 
Schenck, after the decease of my aforesaid 
loving wife. Sarah Schenck. all and singular 
my Lands and Tenements, meadows and Rights 





DANIEL SCHENCK 



JOHN L. SCHENCK 




JOHN C. SCHENCK 



DANIEL P. SCHENCK 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



to Lands and meadnws thai 1 shall die posses- 
sed of or that shall by any way or means be- 
long unto me at the time of my decease ; the 
same immediately after the decease of my 
aforesaid wife, to he received held possessed 
and Enjoyed by my said son, John Schenck. 
his heirs and assigns forever, to his and their 
own proper use. benefit and behoof forever. 
He performing, fulfilling and paying what is 
hereinafter by me appointed for him to pay 
and discharge as legacies to his brothers and 
sisters a.s follows: Viz: It is my will and 
desire and I do hereby order that my said son. 
John Schenck, shall pay unto my two sons, 
Roelof and Peter, and their seven sisters in 
eiiual portions the sum of four hundred and 
fifty pounds current money of the Province 
aforesaid at eight shillings the ounce: the one 
half in two years and the other half in five 
years after the Decease of the longest liver be 
it either me or my wife : that is twenty-five 
pounds to eacn of my said nine children at two 
years and twenty-five pounds more to each of 
them at the end of five years after the decease 
of the longest liver of us two : that is me and 
my wife. I do further order and it is my will 
and desire that the fifty pounds that falls to 
my daughter Sarah be equally divided between 
my said Daughter Sarah and all her children, 
as well as those she had by Johannes Voorhees, 
as those she had by Hendrick Voorhees : also 
in case of the Death of either of my two sons 

them should die before they have received their 
part of the said sum of four hundred and fifty 
pounds, then my will and desire is and I do 
hereby strictly charge and order that the share 
or part thereof that should be paid to such so 
Dying shall be by my said Son John, paid to 
the Heirs of their Body or Bodies them surviv- 
ing: also it is my will and desire that after 
the decease of the longest liver of us two : that 
my said sm John shall have his outfit of my 
movable Estate in quantity and quality equal 
with his Brothers and Sisters as they had of 
me when they left me, and if any of my mov- 
able Estate be then left, I will and devise it 
may be equally divided between all my chil- 
dren. And in case my said Son John Dies be- 
fore he is seized and possessed of the said Es- 
tate in fee simple, then I give and bequeath the 
s?.me to my two sons and seven daughters, viz: 
that the whole Estate given as above said to 
my said Son John shall be said to the highest 
bidder anmn-jsl my children, and the money 
thence arising shall he equally Divided amongst 



.ht...' 






and fifty 

pouncs is to he Divided in every respect what- 
ever. But it is my Will and Desire anything 
herein contained to the contrary notwithstamf 
ing that my said Son John at the time of his 
Decease have issue of his Body, lawfully be- 
gotten altho it be before he is in actual pos- 
session : that if his Ex. shall perform in every 
particular what is herein by me ordered : that 
then the whole Fstate given to him as afore- 
said shall be and remain to his lawful Heirs 
and assigns forever. Item: I Give and be- 
queath unto my Son. Roelof Schenck. the sum 
of Ten pounds money at eight shillings to the 
ounce with interest, to Barr him of further 
Claims to my Estate or part thereof either 
Real or Personal as Heir-at-Law or otherwise 



queathed to him) the sum of Ten pounds to be 
paid to him by my Executors in convenient 
time after my Decease. And lastly I do here- 
by make, ordain, constitute and appoint my 
beloved wife, Sarah Schenck. and my loving 
Son. Roelof Schenck. Executrix and Executor 
of this my last Will and Testament hereby 
utterly disallowing, revoking and disannulling 
all and every other former Testament, Wills. 
Legacies and Bequests and Executors by me in 
any wise before named willed and bequeathed. 
ratifying and confirming this and no other to 
be my last Will and Testament. 

In witness whereof I have here unto Set my 
Hand and Seal, this day and year above writ- 
ten. JAN SCHENCK. [L. S.] 

This Will contained in two half side sheet of 
paper, the one of fourty-seven lines, the other 
of fourty-one lines without any alterations or 
interlinations was signed, sealed and pronoun- 
ced l.y the said Jan Schenck. to be his last Will 
and Testament in Presence of Roelof Couven- 
hoven. Garret Schenck, Tho. Craven. , 

The foregoing is a true copy Executed by 
THO. BARTOW. 

Jan Schenck and his wife were buried 
in the old Schenck and Couvenhoven 
burying- ground, which lies at the cor-" 
ner of the farms of Edgar Schenck. 
Theodore R. Thorne and Henry Con- 
over, about half a mile from Holmdel 
village and near the turnpike to Key- 
port. This graveyard las lately been 
cleared up and put in order by .Mrs. 
Lydia Hendrickson Schenck Conover, 
daughter of the late Daniel P. Schenck, 
and widow of Dr. Charles A. Conover of 
Marlboro. It was a very creditable 
work for which she deserves commen- 
dation. She has also devoted much time 
and labor to tracing up an accurate 
record of the descendants of Jan 
Schenck from church records, inscrip- 
tions on old tombstones, and private 
family papers scattered through many 
farmhouses in Holmdel and the adja- 
cent townships. She has thus- completed 
a genealogy which can be depended on 
foi tccuracy. I am indebted to her for 
nearly all the dates of births, deaths 
and marriages contained in this paper. 
She has accomplished a work which will 
be more appreciated in the future than 
though she had erected a costly mon- 
ument of marble over their graves. She 
has honored the memory of a virtuous, 
hardy and industrious race of men and 
women, who laid the foundation 'if the 
solid respectability and prosperity 
which their descendants have so long 
etojoyed in Monmouth county and else- 
where in i lie United States when thej 
have settled. 

Some of the descendants of the two 
Schenck brothers who settled here over 
two centuries since, like Hen Robert C. 
Schenck .if Ohio, Admiral Findlay 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



Schenck and others, have left names 
famous all over our country for ability 
and patriotism. 

Jan Schenck by his wife. Sarah Cou- 
wenhoven, had the following children: 

Roelof, b. February 21, 1692, married 
Get ' daughter of Sheriff or ('apt. 
Daniel Hendrickson; d. January 1!'. 1766. 

Sarah, b. 1696, married May IS, 1721, 
Johannes Voorhees of New Brunswick, 
X. .1. Second husband, Hendrick Voor- 
hees of Freehold township. 

Altje, baptized May 25. 1705. married 
Chrystjan VanDooren. d. 1S01. 

Rachel, b. February in, 1709, is said 
to have married a F.oone of Kentucky. 

Maria, b. August 8, 1712, married 
Jacob VanDooren and died October 31. 
1756. 

Leah, b. December 24th, 1714, married 
December 17th, 1735, Peter Couwen- 
hoven and died March 14. 1769. 

William, baptized April 13, 1718. died 
young. 

Jannetje, baptized April 12, 1719, mar- 
ried Bertiardus Verbryke, who is said 
to have settled at Nesharainy, 1'a. 

John. b. June 27, 1722, married June 
28, 1750, Nellie Bennett; d. December 
24, 1808. 

Antje. b. married Arie VanDooren. 

Peter, b. married first Jannetje 

VanNostrand, second. Jannetje Hend- 
rickson. 

John, to whom the father devised all 
his real estate, lived and died on the 



homestead farm in Pleasant Valley. 

John Schenck, by his wife, Nellie 
Bennett, who was born November 29, 
1728. and died June 1st, 1810, had fol- 
lowing children all born on the farm in 
Pleasant Valley: 

'John Schenck. b. June 10. 17 52. 
Chrineyonce, b. September 18. 1753. died 
young. 

William, b. March 30, 1755. 

Ida, b. February 1. 1757. 

Sarah, b. February 13. 1759, married 
Ruliff, son of Hendrick Schenck and 
Catharine Holmes, her own cousin. Dec- 
ember 22. 1774: d. April 13th. 1811. 

Chrineyonce, b. December 20. 176". 
married November 20, 1793, Margaret 
Polhemus; d. March 15. 1840. 

Peter or Ogburn. b. May 27. 17C3, 
married Anna Ogden. 

Nellie, b. January 13, 1765, married 
October 20, 1785, Joseph H. Holmes: 
died June 5, 1838. 

Annie, b. November 15, 1766. married 
December 28, 1786. Denyse Hendrickson. 

Marv. b. January 23. 1769: d. May 12. 
1772. 

Daniel, b. April 1. 1771. married Octo 
ber 13. 1793, Catharine Smock: d. Aug- 
ust 9, 1845. 

Marv, b. April 19, 1775. married John 
O. Stillwell, March 25. 1806: died Sept- 



-iber 



1864 



DUTCH TENACITY AS SHOWN BY THEIR LOVE 
FOR THEIR CHURCH. 



Roelof Schenck. the eldest son of Jan 
Schenck and Sara Couvenhoven, his 
wile, had no real estate devised to him 
under his lather's will although he was 
appointed one of the executors. The 
reason of this was that he had acquired 
a large tract of land at and in the 
vicinity of ivjiat is now Bradevelt sta- 
tion. Marlboro township, then a part of 
Freehold township. The younger son 
John, had doubtless remained at home 
working on his father's farm. He was 
28 years old when he married Nellie 
Bennett. When his father's will was 
executed he was unmarried, while the 
eldest son Roelof. had been married 
some thirty years, and had eight chil- 
dren and also grandchildren at this 
time. 

His dwelling house stood near the 



sit,. o£ the Brick Church, about two or 
three hundred yards south of the public 
road, which now passes by the Brick 
Church, and about 500 yards east of 
the railroad track. The buildings are 
now all gone. The lands owned by 
him in this vicinity are now cut up into 
several large and valuable farms, some 
of win, h are still owned and occupied 
by his descendants on the female side. 
Rev. Theodore W Wells in his mem- 
orial address at Brick church, speaks of 
this Roelof Schenck. and states he was 
called "Black Roelof" and noted for his 
great physical strength. He was also 
ill person who selected the site of the 
church edifice, where it has remained to 
this day. by carting the first load of 
building stones tn the spot, tin page 
::os in "Old Times in Old Monmouth" 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF .VOX MOUTH. 



are several references to this Roelof 
Schenck, who was quite a noted bus- 
iness man in his day and active in 
church work. 

The first two Schenck brothers. Gar- 
ret and Jan. were anions the first or- 
ganizers and supporters of the Dutch 
church in Monmouth county. Their 
names appear on the early record.-, both 
as elders and deacons. 

The majority of their descendants 
down to the present day have generally 
sustained this church or the churches' 
which have sprung: from it. 

They have been married, their chil- 
dren baptized and their funerals sol- 
emnized by the clergymen of the Dutch 
church. Many ot them sleep then- last 
sleep in the yard adjacent to the Brick 
Church, as the tombstones show. 

Rev. Theodore W. Wells has given us 
a full history of the successivi pastors 
of this church, but the history oi tin- 
congregation is yet to be written. When 
it is. the Schencks and their kinsmen 
among the Hendricksons, Vanderveers, 
(•■movers and Smocks, will occupy the 



Lnd 



the 



progress and prosperity of the Dutch 
church in America is due to the stabil- 
ity and tenacity inherent in the Dutch 
character, rather than to any excellency 
in the church government or its polity, 
and ability of its trained clergymen. 

In fact the clergymen of this denom- 
ination committed a great blunder 
when they dropped the name "Dutch" 
and called themselves the "Reformed 
Church." This name is applicable to 
the Episcopalians. Quakers or any 
other of the many protestant sects, and 
has no particular meaning. 

Instead of resisting the detraction, 
ridicule and abuse, which originated in 
England, and was has.-, I on conflicting 
interests, commercial rivalries and 
national prejudices, which prevailed 
during the reign of Charles II, and 
which saturated all English literature 
"i thai period, they weakly yielded to 
it. 

This denunciation of Holland and the 
Republican government and citizens of 
that country was increased, through 
the bitter malice and rank partizan 
feeling which prevailed in England 
during the reign of William of Orange. 
V- M ucauley in his history of England 
has shown, ev.-ry effort was madi bj 
the adherents of the Stuart dynastj md 
the papists to stir up English hate and 

pi i ice, by denouncing a rid i idiculing 

the "Dutch" in order to overthrow their 
"Dutch King" and the Stadholdei 01 



I. brutal and 
isting these 

s. hoods and 
nth as could 
herds of the 
surrendered 
nd the glor- 
O it. A rcs- 
n of this de- 
ted to this 



rom the pen 
an account 
it Schodack 
. X. Y. The 



they justly deserve ever 
pairs the extravagant clai 



tin- tirst se 
the Hudson 
of Kinderhi 



t side of 
mouths 



EARLY DITCH SETTLERS OE MOXMOCTH. 



near the site of the present burying 
ground. This was the origin of the 
church now in existence at Mutzeskill, 
which is either the third or fourth 
edifice. 

"It was regularly incorporated in 
1788 by the name of 'The Ministry. 
Elders and Deacons of the Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church at Schodack.' 
In 1810the church edifice was removed 
back from the Hudson river about two 
and a half miles to Mutzeskill. where it 



ill 



lins. 



"The Hollanders were then, as their 
descendants are now. firm, reliable 
Christians — few or no infidels among 
them. The descendants of these men 
are today more free from cant, hypoc- 
risy and "isms" than are the descend- 
ants of the English. Comparatively 
few, if any of Holland descent, stray 
away from the path of rectitude and 
virtue or the protestant faith of their 
fathers; while the English become 
Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, 
Catholics, and frequently what all 
decent people despise, skeptics or relig- 
ious reformers, which is another name 
for hypocrites or infidels. Such has 
been the experience of those who have 
observed the fate of the Dutch, Pres- 
byterians, Methodists and Baptists of 
the vicinity of which I speak. 

"One of the reasons why the Holland- 
ers have so long retained and main- 
tained their foothold and standing in 
the valley of the Hudson and also along 
the Mohawk is because of their ten- 
acity and firmly fixed moral and relig- 
ious principles, temperate habits and 
homely and disinterested virtues. They 
do not run about, emigrate from place 
to place, and are not continually on the 
go, jump and run. They are not yearly 
movers, are not easily moved from their 
fixed residences, but are stable in all 
their ways. 

"The residence of the Hollander can 
be very readily distinguished from that 
of other nationalities, because his resi- 
dence once selected, the location be- 
comes his home and at once he sets to 
work to improve it. Buildings, fruit 
trees, gardens and shrubbery are put 
up. planted, looked after and cared for. 

"The fences are in a still betin con- 
dition, and the farm is mote carefully 
cultivated than the farms of those who 
are moving from place to place and 
who never, as it were, live anywhere 
long. The Hollander has been trui 
to his country's principles of liberty 
and religion and he has steadily ad- 
hered to the Reformed Dutch church 
here in the State ol New York. The 



Protestant religion holds its own firmly 
imbued in the mind of the Hollander. 

"It is a singular fact that when a 
Reformed Dutch church is established, 
it is there to stay. In very few instan- 
ces has a Dutch church been abandoned 
when once fairly established in the 



■ f thH 



"it lives, prospers and holds its own 
although surrounded by Catholics. 
Methodists, Episcopalians, and other 
persuasions. The Dutch church did its 
full share and more in spreading" the 
cause of our Saviour from 1637 to 1785 



tha 



)the 



colony of New York. 

"Time has rolled on, but still the dis- 
tinctive mark of the Hollander remains. 
The church at Schodack Landing may 
be said to be the mother church of the 
Dutch churches on the east bank of 
the Hudson river." 

This account comes from a man 
whose judicial experience, associations 
and English descent place it above all 
suspicion of bias or partiality. By sim- 
ply changing name of church and loca- 
tion, it is applicable to the First Dutch 
church of Monmouth county, as well as 
other old churches in New Jersey of 

The same kind of people founded and 
sustained them, and the same results 
have followed. Our forefathers from 
Holland had real practical faith and 
trust in God. They believed He cared 
for them in the wilderness of the New- 
World, surrounded by the fierce .Mohawk 
warriors, the perils, diseases and hard- 
ships of their pioneer life, as He had in 
their memorable struggle of 80 years 
with Spain and the popish hierarchy. 
This church of their fathers had been 
born "amidst perils, tears and blood:" 
its countless martyrs were subjected to 
all the cruelties and tortures Spanish 
malice, treachery and bigotry could 
inflict or the inquisitors could invent, 
and their deeds of courage, sacrifice 
and endurance have never been excelled 
in the annals of human history. The 
persecution of the Puritans in Engl nd 
or of the Presbyterians in Scot) nd 
were but child's play compared to the 
wholesale massacres and tortures of 
the Dutch people by that Spanish Nero, 
Philip II. and that fiend incarnate, the 
Duke of Alva. Instead of weakly 
yielding to the abuse, ridicule and de- 
traction which had been heaped "it Of 
"Dutch." "The Shepherds of the Church" 
should have repelled with indignation 
the mere suggestion of dropping' the 
"historic name." Instead of being 
ashamed they should have gloried in 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



"From out the sea. O Motherland, 
Our fathers plucked thy billowy strand; 

As from the deep. 

Where treasures sleep. 
The pearl rewards the daring hand. 

And when far angrier billows broke, 
Of bigot hate and war's fell stroke. 

Our sires withstood 

This sea of blood, 
With hearts no tyrant's hand could 

yoke. 
The thrift that wrought, like Moses' rod. 
A path where man had never trod: 

That highway kept. 



Where commerce sped 
With boundless tread. 
And art bloomed forth in beauteous 
flower. 

A land where knowledge grew for all 
Where conscience knew no gyve or 
thrall; 

Where exiled bands ■ 

From other lands. 
Bore truth, that made old errors fall. 
That land can well afford to be 
The theme of Irving's pleasantry; 

And toss the jest 

From off its crest. 
As off it tossed the mocking sea. 
Ou. hearts untraveled high expand. 
To read thy record strangely gram.; 

With tongue aflame. 

We call thy name. 
And proudly own thee. Motherland." 
— Vedde 



Roelof Schenck 
lands around what 
Brick church, but 



his dwelling house near this spot. He 
also married the daughter of Daniel 
Hendrickson, who was one of the prin- 
cipal organizers of the Dutch church of 
Monmouth county, and one of its earli- 



2lde 



His 
Catha 



from Long Island 



e and the name of 
VanDyke, appear 
s of this church as 
Hendrickson came 
tied on the 



farm now owned by his great-great 
grandson. Hon. William Henry Hend- 
rickson at Holland in Holmdel town- 
ship. He was the first person of Hol- 
land descent to hold the office of high 
sheriff of this county, and he was also 
an officer of the county militia. He was 
very active in all church work, and 
often conducted service on the Sabbath 
in absence of any regular clergyman. 
The late Rev. G. C. Schenck had in his 
possession a -sermon printed in Dutch 
language which had been written and 
delivered by this Daniel Hendrickson. 
Roelof Schenck married Geesie. one 
of his daughters, and Jonathan Holmes 
married Tuniche. another daughter. 
Their names also appear among com- 
municants of this church on pages 86- 
87 of Wells' memorial address. Roelof 
Schenck and Jonathan Holmes, his sons- 
in-law, were appointed executors of his 
will and settled up his estate. Hen- 
drick, a son of Roelof Schenck. married 
Catharine, a daughter of Jonathan 
Holmes, his own cousin, and his and 
her children were therefore doubly the 
grandchildren of this Daniel Hendrick- 



Roelof Schenck 
Hendrickson, toge 
Hendrick Schenck 
arine Holmes, ar 
Schenek-Couwenhc 



nd his wife, Geesie 

ter with their son. 
ind his wife, Cath- 

all buried in the 
en burying ground 

Holmdel township. 



ROELOF SCHENCK AND HIS DESCENDANTS.— A 
WOMAN OF GREAT BUSINESS CAPACITY. 



Roelof Schenck, by his wife, Geesie 


1718. married first. Simon DeHart, second, 


Hendrickson, had the following chil- 


Peter Couwenhoven. 




Jan, b. January 22. 1721. married November 




26, 1741, Jaeomintje Couwenhoven ; died Jan- 


Sarah. b. May 22, 1715, married December 1, 




1731. Joseph VanMater or VanMetteren. as 


Daniel, baptized May 26. 1723. died Septem- 


spelled on records of the Marlboro Brick 


ber 20, 1747. 


church. 1 e was a son of Kriin or Chrineyonce 


Neeltje. b. September 10. 1724, married Oct- 


VanMater and Nelly VanCleaf ; his wife Sarah. 


ober 13, 1744, Garret Couwenhoven ; died 


died September 1. 1748. 


March 25. 1800. 


Katrintje, baptized March 19, 1717, died 


Engeltje. baptized April 28. 1732. 




Hendrick. born July 29. 1731. married his 


Kalrya or Catharine, baptized December 21st. 


own cousin. Catharine, daughter of Jonathan 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OE MO.XMOt ~TH. 



Holmes and Tuniche Hendrickson. his wife, 
and died August 24, 1766, at the early age of 
thirty-five years. Catharine Holmes, his wife, 
was born May 11. 1731, died May 12, 1796. It 
is said she married a second husband, one 
John Schenck, of Penns Neck. 

Roelof Schenck made his will April 
10, 1765, proved March 3. 1766, and is 
now on record in Secretary of State's 
office at Trenton in Book 1 of Wills, 
page 93, etc. 

He describes himself as a resident of 
Freehold township, which then included 
that part of Marlboro township where 
he resided. He gives to his grandson. 
Ruliff, his land at the Point. To his 
grandsons, Ruliff and Cornelius, the 
plantation he bought of Peter Voorhees. 
To his daughter. Nelly Couwenhoven, 
one hundred acres of land near the 
church. All the rest of his lands called 
Timber Neck, he devised in fee to his 
son, Hendrick, subject to payments of 
legacies amounting in all to eleven 
hundred and twenty pounds as follows: 

To his granddaughter, Geesie Schenck. 
£280. To his six grandchildren, the 
children of his daughter, Catharine 
Couwenhoven, viz: Simon DeHart, 
Geesie DeHart, Jacob Couwenhoven. 
Ruliff Couwenhoven, Mary Couwen- 
hoven and John Couwenhoven, £280, 
share and share alike. To his three 
grandchildren, the children of his 
daughter, Sara VanMater, £280, share 
and share alike. To his daughter. Nelly 
Couwenhoven, £280. He also speaks in 
this will of the children of his deceased 
son, John. Hendrick Schenck. his son, 
and Garret Couwenhoven and Peter 
Couwanhoven, two of his sons-in-law, 
are appointed executors. The will is 
witnessed by William Tice. Cornelius 



iho\ 



id John Tice. 



This Roeloi Sell, nek was a noted man 
in his day and did considerable business 
for others in the way of settling es- 
tates, etc. He served as foreman of 
the grand jury at the October term, 
1751, of our county courts, and his name 
also appears quite frequently in public 
matters. 

Hendrick Schenck. his son, died with- 
in a year after his father. His will was 
made August 23, 1766. proved September 
12. 1766, and is recorded in Secretary of 
State's office at Trenton in Book 1 of 
Wills, page 105, etc. 

He devises to his only son. Ruliff. all 
his personal and real property, subject 
to use by his wife of half profits of his 
real and all profits of his personal prop- 
erty Until all his children arrive at age. 
After this a fixed amount has to be 
paid annually to the widow, and she 



the dwelling house so long as she lived. 
This will was evidently made while the 
testator was sick and just before his 
death. The injustice of some of the 
provisions made trouble, and it is a 
warning that an important matter like 
the making of a will should not be de- 
ferred until a man is on his death bed. 
To make a fair and judicious will re- 
quires all the faculties of a well man. 
When a man's mind is clouded by sick- 
ness and his time is short, it is impos- 
sible to make a will which is just to all 
concerned. Such wills generally make 
trouble. The devise of all his real and 
personal estate to his son Ruliff. was 
further subjected to the payment of 
£160 to each of his four daughters, as 
they came of age. He appoints his 
uncle, John Schenck. of Middletown 
township, and Daniel Holmes and Oba- 
diah Herbert of Freehold township, 
executors. The same persons witness 
his will as witnessed his father's will 
the preceding year. 

On the fly leaf of an old English Bible 
still in existence, and which the writer 
has seen, is this inscription: 

"Ann Holn 



Between the Old and New Testament 
is a record of the births of the children 
of Hendrick Schenck and Catharine 
Holmes, his wife, as follows: 

"Rulif Schenck was born April 17. 1752." 
"Sarah Schenck was born May 26. 1755." 
"Mary Schenck was born March 17. 1757." 
"Jonathan Schenck was boi n July 19. 1761." 
"Catharine Schenck was born March 7. 
1762." 

"Eleanor Schenck was born March 17, 1764." 
"Ann Schenck was born June 14. 1766." 

Of these children Sarah and Jonathan 
died young. 

Ruloff Schenck. the only surviving 
son, married December 22, 1771. his 
own cousin. Sarah, daughter of John 
Schenck and Nellie Bennett, his wife, 
of Pleasant Valley, and died October 12, 
1800. His wife was born February 1:1. 
1759, and died April 13, 1811. Thej are 
buried in the old Schenck and Couwen- 
hoven burving ground heretofore des- 
cribed. 

Mary married Jacob Couwenhoven, 
who was known as "Farmer Jacob" on 
account oi his well cultivated and pro- 
ductive farm. It is said that he was 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



>f the day 



the most handsom 
Monmouth county. 

Catharine remained single. 

Eleanor was married January 27. 
1797. by Rev. Benjamin Bennett to 
George Crawford of Middletown Village 
and died there May 17. 1850. Her hus- 
band was born December 5, 1758, and 
died July in. 1834. They are both inter- 
red in private family burying ground 
on the Crawford homestead at Nut- 
swamp. 

Ann married Jonathan or John 
Holmes and died without issue. 

Eleanor Schenck and her husband. 
George Crawford, had the following 
children, all born on the homestead in 
Middletown Village: 

Mary, born January 12. 1800, married Nov- 
ember 20. 1817, William W. Murray, and is 
buried by the side of her husband in grave- 
yard of Baptist church at Middletown Village. 

Ann, born February 22, 1801. married Feb- 
ruary 12th. 1833. by Rev. Doctor Milledoller to 
Rev. Jacob TenBroeck Boekman : died at 
homestead where she was born and had always 
lived. May 18. 1876 ; interred by side of her 

Adaline. born February 16, 1803, married 
John Lloyd Hendrickson and is buried by her 
husband in private family burying mound on 
the farm where she lived and died at Middle- 
town Village. 

Eleanor, born January 26. 1805, died Dec- 
ember 22, 1823, unmarried; interred by her 
father and mother in Crawford burying 



In Book K of Deeds, pages 380, etc.. 
Monmouth clerk's office, is the record 
of a deed from John Schenck, surviving 
executor of Hendrick Schenck. deceased, 
to Catharine, the widow of Hendrick 
Schenck, deceased. This deed is dated 
February 25, 1785. and consideration 
named therein as £1,000. The land is 
described as situated in Freehold town- 
ship (now Marlboro) and as part of a 
tract of land formerly belonging to 
Roelof Schenck, deceased, and by him 
devised to his son, Hendrick. After a 
particular description by chains and 
links, a general description is given 
as one hundred and ninety acres, 
bounded northwardly by Ruliff 
Schenck's land, westwardly in part by 
lands belonging to Dutch congregation 
and in part by lands of James Van- 
Kirk, southwardly by Jacob Couwen- 
hoven's lands and eastwardly by ' iarret 
Couwenhoven's lands. Thus it appears 
that the widow, although cut off by her 
husband's will from all interest in his 
real estate except the use of one room 
in the dwelling house, yet in 20 years 
thereafter, obtained the absolute own- 
ership of that part of his real estate on 
which the house and outbuildings stood. 



containing 190 acres. This is the same 
farm which Htndrick S. Conover, son 
of Tunis Conover, inherited and which 
he sold to John McClellan within the 



of 



the la 



now owned by a 
Hendrickson of 1 

Catharine Holmes Schenck, the 
widow, is said to have been a woman 
of great energy and business capacity. 
She made her will December 12, 1705. 
It was proved May 31, 1796, and is on 
record in secretary of state's office at 
Trenton. 

She gives her only son, Ruliff. (to 
whom his father had devised nearly all 
his property) five shillings. The above 
homestead farm of 190 acres, she de- 
vises in fee to her three youngest 
daughters. Catharine, E'eanor and Ann 
share and share alike. She gives bet- 
eldest daughter. Mai y. wife of Ja.-ob 
Couvvenhoven, £200. She gives to her 
daughters, Catharine and Eleanor, her 
two negro slaves, Jack and Jude, and 
her old negro, Brom. who is to be kept 
on the farm and supported for life by 
her two daughters. Her negro woman, 
Elizabeth, she gives to her daughter. 
Am Holmes. Her large looking glass 
and a smaller one with all her tables 
are given to Catharine ai:d Eleanor, and 
her third looking glass to her daughter, 
Ann. All residue of her movable prop- 
erty is to be equally divided between 
her three youngest daughters, whom 
she also appoints executrices. 

This will is singular for that period 
because of the appointment of females 
to settle the estate. She must have 
held advanced ideas on the rights of 
women. Daniel Herbert, Thomas Her- 
bert and Daniel Peacock were subscrib- 
ing witnesses to the will. Her daughter 
Catharine never married but occupied 
the homestead farm until her death. 
She also became the sole owner of the 
farm. A deed dated January 13, 1816, 
recorded in Rook Y of Deeds, pages 
811, etc.. Monmouth clerk's otlice. shows 
that Ann Holmes, one of the three 
daughters to whom the mother devised 
this farm, had died intestate and with- 
out children, leaving three sisters. Mary 
Couwenhoven. Catharine Schenck and 
Eleanor Crawford and the children of 
their brother Ruliff Schenck, who had 
died October 12, 1800. as her heirs at 
law. By the above deed Eleanor Craw- 
ford and husband released all their in- 
terest in said real estate to Catharine 
Schenck. This Catharine Schenck died 
unmarried June 5, 1816. and is interred 
by her father and mother in the 
Schenck-Couu enhoven burying ground. 
Pleasant Valley. Her will was mad- 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OE MOXMOI TH. 



May 7, 1316, proved July 1, 1816. and is 
recorded in .surrogate's office of Mon- 
mouth county in Book B of Wills, page 
10, etc. She gives to her four nieces, 
Mary, Ann, Adaline and Eleanor, daugh- 
ters of her sister, Eleanor Crawford, 
all her beds, bedding, wearing apparel 
and household furniture except a Dutch 
cupboard, to be equally divided between 
them. She gives her nephew. Garret, 
son of her sister, Mary Couwenhoven, 
$500. She gave her four nieces above 
named $700 each to be paid in one year 
after her decease. She gives the Dutch 
cupboard to her nephew. Hendrick, =on 



of her sister, Mary Couwenhoven. She 
also devised to him the 190 acre home- 
stead farm together with all residue 
of her real and personal property, in 
fee subject to payment of above lega- 
cies. She also appoints her nephew. 
Hendrick Couwenhoven. sole executor. 
This Hendrick Couwenhoven was mar- 
ried March 31, 1805, to Ann B. Crawford. 
One of his daughters. Rebecca, married 
Tunis Conover and was the mother of 
William I. Conover, who still (1898)" 
owns and resides on the farm where 
his parents lived, in the township of 
Marlboro, near the Brick church. 



CHRINEYONCE SCHENCK AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 
PROBASCO AND POLHEMUS FAMILIES. 



Chrineyonce Schenck was a man well 
known throughout Monmouth county in 
his day. Many ancedotes are told of 
his peculiarities and of his grim ways, 
and great physical strength. His voice 
was very deep and gruff, and when 
angry or in earnest, it deepened into a 
roar, or as an enemy remarked, "Like 
the savage growl of a bear with a sore 
head." He was very bluff and open in 
the expression of his opinions, and in 
his likes and dislikes. His grim man- 
ner and gruff words were, hoivi 
wholly superficial for no man was i 
kind and considerate to his wife. 



?ell 



by 



than he. 



nhenticated 
iwyer who v 



told o 
sye wit 



ness of the incident. He was fore 
of a jury impanneled in a very im 
tant civil case tried in the Freehold 
court house. Among the prominen 
lawyers employed by the plaintiff wa 
one of the Stocktons from Trenton o 
Princeton. The defendant was a poo 
man and had some unknown and young- 
attorney to represent him. The plain- 
tiff was a man of great wealth, and 
notorious for his shrewd and unscrup- 
ulous methods of getting other people's 
property. Mr. Stockton was selected to 
sum up the case and had, of course, the 
closing speech. After speaking an hour 
with great ability and eloquence, tear- 
ing the arguments of his young oppon- 
ent all to tatters, he noticed that the 
foreman of the jury was leaning over 
in his chair with his arm upraised and 
his head resting on his open hand with 
his eyes closed. Thinking he was asleep 
and provoked by his supposed inatten- 



tion, he abruptly stopped. Turning to 
the court, he pointed his finger at Mr. 
Schenck and said in an angry tone. 
"May it please the Court, there is but 
little use to argue this case to a sleep- 
ing juror." In an instant Chrineyonce 
Schenck sprang to his feet: raising 
himself to his lull height he thunde-ed 
out in his deep gruff voice: "I am not 
asleep. I have heard all the evidence 
and have made up my mind from it as 
my oath requires, and I want you all to 
understand, that no lawyer by his 
smooth gab can persuade me to find a 
verdict for a scoundrel." Angry and 
disconcerted by this vehement explos- 
ion, Mr. Stockton not only lost his 
temper, but the thread of his argument 
and after stumbling along for a few 
minutes in an incoherent manner he sat 
down. 

Another anecdote is related of Chrin- 
eyonce which shows his great bodily 
strength and the mighty grip of his 
right hand. He was attacked by a large 
and savage bull dog. As the brute 
sprang at him he seized him by the 
throat, and lifting him clear of the 
ground held him out at arm's length 
and choked him to death. 

As the family records show Chriney- 
once Schenck and his son, John ('.. mar- 
ried Polhemus wives. This family is 
also of Dutch descent, although like 
Lupardus, Antonides. etc.. they hear a 
Latin name. In that case you .".n gen- 
erally find that the family is descended 
from a clergyman of tin- Dutch church. 

of Amsterdam. It was quite common 
for scholars in that age to select a 




Front view of old dwelling on the farm of Garret Schanck, 
settler, in Pleasant Valley, N. J. 



Photograph taken by Mrs. L. H. S. Co 




Photograph taken by Mrs. L. H. S. Conove 



EARL V PI TCH SETTLERS OF .VOX MOUTH. 



Latin name, which expressed what 
their surname meant in Dutch. 

The Polhemus family in Monmouth 
. and Somerset counties are descendants 
ol' Rev. Johannes Theodorus Polhemus, 
who had been a minister at Itamaca in 
Brazil before coming- to the New Neth- 
erlands in 1654. He preached at Flat- 
bush in the morning and at Brooklyn 
and Flatlands in the afternoon of each 
Sunday until 1660. When Brooklyn ob- 
tained a minister in 1665 Dominie Pol- 
hemus ceased to be connected with the 
church at Flatbush, and removed to 
Brooklyn where he died June 9th. 1675, 
the worthy and beloved pastor of that 
church. 

Among the freeholders and residents 
of Flatbush. L. I., published on page 
147, Vol. 3, O'Callagan's Documentary- 
History of New York, we find in tin- 
year 1698 the name of Daniel Polhemus 
who is credited with six children, and 
Sloffel or Christopher Probasco, who 
also had six children. These two names. 
Probasco and Polhemus. have long been 
identified with the agricultural progress 
of that territory now included in At- 
lantic township, this county. They 
have stood in the front ranks of the 
successful and prosperous farmers of 
this county in the years gone by. The 
appearance of the buildings and or- 
chards on the old Polhemus homesteads 
at Scobeyville and the Phalanx today 
bear silent, but undisputable testimony 
to their industry, economy and intelli- 
gence. Generally speaking the past 
generations of this family have been 
zealous and consistent church members. 
As I understand, a son of Daniel Pol- 
hemus above mentioned at Flatlands, 
named Johannes, married in Brooklyn. 
Annatie. daughter of Tobias TenEyck. 
and settled on a tract of land at what 
•is now Scobeyville. Their names appear 
among the early communicants of the 
Marlboro Brick church. They had three 
sons, Daniel, Tobias and John. Tobias 
removed to and settled in Upper Free- 
hold township and is the ancestor of 
all now bearing this name in that part 
of our county. 

Daniel married Margaret, daughter of 
Albert Cowenhoven and Neeltje, his 
wife, hereinbefore mentioned and had 
three sons, John. Albert anr Tobias, 
lohn Polhemus married Mary, daughter 
of Cyrenius VanMater and Abigail . 
Leffert his wife, and one of their 
daughters, Margaret, married Chriney- 
once Schenck above mentioned. She 
lived to a great age, and was very fond 
of talking about her youthful days. She 
would often tell how she and her sister 
went to church. She said they "rode 



and tied" and "tied and rode." "What 
is that, grandma?" her little grand- 
children would ask. "Well, my dears," 
she would say, "we all liked to go to 
church, but the roads were poor and 
roundabout; no bridges over the 
streams and swamps, mere bridle paths. 
Father let my sister and myself have a 
horse to ride. One would mount and 
ride about a mile, while the other 
walked, then she would dismount and 
tie the horse to a tree and walk on. 
When the other sister came up to the 
horse she would .intie him get on ind 
ride on a mile before the sister who 
was walking, then dismount, tie the 



,:il' 



I .Ml 



ing- and riding they reached the church, 
and in the same way returnirg home." 
This was to "ride and tie." 

Hon. Daniel Polhemus VanDorn. 
whose mother was a daughter of Daniel 
Polhemus, who owned and lived on the 
homestead at Phalanx, in Atlantic 
township, says he often heard his 
grandfather tell the story of his father, 
Tobias Polhemus' incarceration in tin- 
old sugarhouse prison during our revo- 
lutionary war. It happened that Garret 
Wyckoff of this county, was a prisoner 
at the same time. He was a warm 
friend of Tobias Polhemus. It hap- 
pened that he had often entertained at 
his home a peddler who resided in New 
York city. This man hearing of their 
wretched situation managed to intro- 
duce from time to time pro\ isions to 
Garret Wyckoff, who generously shared 
them with .Mr. Polhemus. This timely 
supply barely saved them from star- 
vation. So emaciated did they become 
that Mr. Polhemus, when released, could 
span his waist with his two hands. He 
said more Americans were killed by- 
disease and starvation in this prison 
and the prison ships than fell in battle 
from bullets of the enemy. 

Among the citizens of this county 
who have borne the Polhemus name, 
were two who commanded extraordin- 
ary respect and regard, Dr. Daniel Pol- 
hemus, who practiced medicine at Eng- 
lishtown and died there March 1, 1X58, 
and Henry D. Polhemus, who was Sur- 
rogate ol this county frcm 1833 to 1848. 
David S. Crater, our present Surrogate, 
told the writer that the records show- 
that he was strict, accurate and meth- 
odical; in short, one of the best surro- 
gates the county ever had. He was a 
man of fine appearance, very pleasant 
and gentlemanly and almost idolized by 
the people of Monmouth county. He 
belonged, however, to the Somerset 



ranch. 
The reade 



the names 



EARL V DUTCH SET/LEA'S OE MO.XMOrTH. 



•Tobias" and "Daniel" appear from 
generation to generation as Christian 
names. This fact was noticed over a 
century ago by some unknown rhyrr.n- 
ster, who put his observations into the 
following doggerel, which has been 
remembered because it expresses a 
truth, although the poet's name is for- 
gotten: 






Ruliff, 



Schenck you may kr 



Tobias or Daniel, without feathers or fuss. 
Marks the kind and gentle Polhemus. 
Simon and Peter a Wyckoff does show, 
Nor will they deny 'till a rooster doth crow. 

ind future g-en- 

o use those old 
names, is uncertain, for we are living 
in a transition age when change seems 
to be in the very air. Old customs and 
well established principles are over- 
turned for the mere sake of change or 
something new. 

Chrineyonce, son of John Schenck and 
Neeltje Bennett, his wife, married Nov- 
ember 20, 1793, Margaret Polhemus, who 
was born March 11, 1766, and died Jan- 
uary 13, 1857. Their children were: 

Mariah, b. February 2, 1795, married Garret 
Rezo Conover, a well known farmer who lived 
near Edinburg in what is now Atlantic town- 
ship. She died December 5, 1830. 

John C, b. June 2, 1797, died August 22, 
1799. 

Ellen and Eliza were twins, b. March 2. 
1799. Eliza died in infancy. Ellen married 
Jonathan I. Holmes and died September 17, 
1877. 

Margaret, b. May 12, 1800, died March 10, 
1835, unmarried. 

John C, b. June 6, 1803, married Margaret 
Polhemus and died August 13, 1858. 

Daniel Polhemus. b. May 12, 1805, married 
first November 30, 1831. Lydia H. Longstreet, 
who was born December 18. 1809. and died 
April 7. 1838 : married second Mary Conover, 
October 10, 1843. She was born June 8, 1822, 
died April 4. 1890. He died December 29. 1864. 

Abigail, b. April 28, 1808, died May 30. 



Gar re 


or Jacob is a Couwcnhoven name, 




By h 


From 


generation to generation always 


the 


had th 



Ellen L., b. November 2, 1832. married July 
3, 1860. Stacy P. Conover, and died without 
children, August 18, 1890. Her husband was 
born June 5, 1828, and died on his farm near 
Wickatunk station, Marlboro township. August 
18. 1896. He was a man of fine presence, 
commanding stature, with pleasant, genial 
manners and was well known throughout New 
Jersey and New York city. He was deeply 
interested in and always attended the meetings 
of the New York Holland society. 

b. February 21, 1838, died Feb- 
1839. 



he 



Lydia Hendrickson, b. July 30, 1K46. married 
December 6, 1870. Dr. Charles A. Conover. a 
physician who settled at Marlboro. He was 
born February 13, 1S4 2. died November 2. 
1882, without children. 

John C, b. February 21, 1848. married Dec- 
ember 6, 1871, Charlotte L. Conover, who was 
born September 28. 1849. 

Eliza V., b. January 5. 1850. married Jan- 
uary 7, 1874, Henry D. VanMater, who was 
born August 11, 1851. 

Margaret Polhemus. b. March 27, 1854. mar- 
ried December 20, 1875. William H., a son of 
the late Tunis VanDerveer DuBois. one of the 
most successful and prosperous farmers in the 
township of Marlboro, .luring the greater part 
of his life. William H. DuBois was born Feb- 
ruary 9, 1851, and has two children by this 
mai riaue. viz: 



Jennie S. and Daniel Schenck. 



Mary C. b. October 26, 1872. married August 
7, 1896. William Lefferts Brown. 

John L. C, b. May 14. 1874. married Nov- 
ember 23. 1897, Matilda C. Carson. 

Nellie L.. b. October 18, 1875. 

Abbie M., b. January 9, 1879. 

LuEtta H.. b. July 30, 1S83, died July 21. 
1885. 

Maoel I., b. December 23, 1886. 

Florence A., b. September 7, 1887. 

So far as this branch of the family is 
concerned we find no divorces, scandals 
or grass widows. Neither do we find 
any member but what has been a pro- 
ducer and helped build up farms, mak- 
ing many blades of grass grow where 
few had grown. Nor one who has lived 
out of public office by politics but all 



•at 



)f tile 



111 



RULEFF SCHENCK AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 
SOME OF THEIR PECULIAR TRAITS. 



the 



iiy 



and Catherine Holmes, his wife, mar- 
ried December 22, 1774. his first cousin, 
Sarah, daughter of John Schenck, who 
lived and died on the homestead farm 
in Pleasant Valley. Ruliff Schenck 
lived and died on his farm adjacent to 
Bradevelt station, and was buried in 
the Schenck Couwenhoven burying 
g-round. His children were: 

Nellie, b. Augu.-t 24, 1775. married 
January 18 1795. Thon.as Shepard or 
Shephtrd. They removed to and settled 
in Ohio. 

Hendrick. b. June 13, 1777. died single 
December 27, 1812. 

.Mary. b. June 15, 1779, married July 
1. 179S. Elias Conover, died December 
IT, 1851. She was buried by her hus- 
band and sons in the yard of Brick 
church. They were the parents of three 
sons, viz: 

John E., who owned and lived on the 
farm lying west of Marlboro Brick 
church, formerly the parsonage farm 
of this church. 

After his death his .-on. Daniel P. 
Conover, owned and occupied it. He 
was well known to present generation 
and only died lately. 

Hendrick E.. who lived the latter part 
of his life in the town of Freehold, 
was well known to all our citizens for 
his quiet, unobtrusive manners and his 
irreproachable life and conduct. He 
owned two of the finest farms in Marl- 
boro township, one of which includes 
the famous "Topanemus" burying 
ground. He left only one son. John B.. 
a licensed lawyer of this state and at 
one time chosen freeholder of this 
township. He was also an elder of the 
Presbyterian church of Freehold. 

Ruliff E. Conover lived and died 
on his farm in Marlboro township, now 
owned and occupied by his son. Holmes 
R. Conover, u ho married Ada B., the 
daughter of John Buckelew and his 
wile. Mary A. Griggs. Ruliff E. Con- 
over had three other sons whc are now 
deceased. Tiny were: 

Elias R., who married Mary Ann 
Wyckoff and lelt one son. Peter 



Wyckoff. who still owns the farm where 
his father lived, adjacent to Holmes R. 
Conover's farm. 

John R.. who married Mary Jane Van- 
Kirk, and Hendrick R., who married 
Anna Gussie VanWickle. The last two 
sons died childless. 

John R., b. May 3, 1781, married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Roelof P. Soher.ck 
and Elizabeth Gordon, his wife; died 
August 14, 1858. 

Because of his stout, broad and bar- 
rel like form he was called "Chunky 
John Schenck." He was also famous 
for his original ideas, independent 
ways, mechanical skill and inflexible 
resolution. One of his daughters mar- 
ried Hon. William Spader of Malawan. 
at one time lay judge of the Monmouth 
county courts and well and favorably 
known throughout this county. He left 
three sons surviving him. John, Daniel 
and Providence, who lived on the home- 
stead farm he devised to triem. None 
of them married. They were men who 
thought and acted for themselves with- 
out regard to the usages and customs 
of other people. Strictly honest and 
truthful in their dealings, they gave 
employment to many men and made 
their money out of the soil. They were 
a great deal better and more useful 
citizens than many of the "Quid Nur.cs" 
who talked about them behind their 
backs and anticipated the judgment of 
Heaven on them after they were dead. 
Some of the people who thus condemned 
them, had beams as big as a "telephone 
pole" in their eye compared with the 
mote in John's. Daniel's and Provi- 
dence's eyes. 

Jonathan R.. b. December 15. 1782. 
married Sarah Peacock, died January 



leav 



Eli 



lived and died on his father's farm in 
Marlboro township. Many anecdotes 
are also told of this Jonathan R. 
Schenck. 

Katherine, b. November 25, 1785. nnr- 
ried December 16. 1806. Peter VanKirk; 
died March 31. 1871. John VanKirk. 
who now owns and occupies the farm 
adjacent to "Old Scots Burying Ground" 
and who married a daughter of the late 



EARL V HUTCH SETTLERS OE MOX MOUTH. 



John Segoine of Smithburg, is a grand- 
son. 

Sarah, "b. August 16, 1787. married 
January 6. 1807. Garret I. Conover, died 
August 16. 1875. 

Jacob, b. August 12. 1789, died Nov- 
ember 15. 1790. 

Jacob, b. September 13, 1793, died un- 
married December 22, 1859. He devised 
his farm which lay between the farms 
of his two brothers, John R. and Tylee, 
to the two youngest grandsons of his 
sister Mary, wife of Elias Conover, viz: 
Hendnek R. and Holmes R Conover. 
Holmes R. quit claimed to his brother 
Hendrick, who devised it to his widow 
in fee simple. She now owns it. 

Lydia, b. June 25, 1795, married April 
4, 1815, Garret Schenck. They removed 
to and settled in the state of Ohio. 

Anne, b. November 26, 1797. married 
September 27, 1811, J. Schuyler Waller, 
died May 8, 1874. 

Tylee, b. October 27, 1799, married 
Eleanora. a daughter of John Schuyler 
Schenck, died June 24, 1854, leaving 
two daughters surviving him, both of 
whom married Asher H. Holmes, who 
now occupies the homestead farm in 
Marlboro township. The house which 
Tylee Schenck built is still standing 
and is very pleasantly situated on a 
knoll, on the west side of the turnpike 
from Freehold to Matawan. The barns 
and outbuildings are among the best 
in the county, and kept cleaner than 
some people's dwellings. The dwelling 
house and grounds are particularly 
noticeable for the neat and orderly con- 
dition they always present. John R. 
Schenck, Jonathan Schenck and Tylee 
Schenck are all buried in the yard of 
the Brick church. Hendrick Schenck 
and Jacob Schenck are buried in the 
old yard in Pleasant Valley where their 
forefathers are all buried. 

The house in which John R. Schenck 
lived was planned and built by him and 
is yet standing. It has probably been 
talked about and excited more curiosity 
than any dwelling house ever erected in 
this county. The stairway was construc- 
ted from a solid log and the whole house 
put together in the most durable and 
solid manner. A great fence some 
twelve feet high surrounded the house. 
The palings were fastened with bolts 
and screws. 

While John R. Schenck never meddled 
in other people's business, neither did 
he permit anyone to interfere with him. 
He strongly objected to any one shoot- 
ing or killing birds, rabbits or other 
game on his premises. He insisted that 
life was as dear to them as to the 
hunters who killed them. 



A German from New York City not 
knowing his character, came one day 
on his farm with dog and gun. Mr. 
Schenck, hearing a report of the gun, 
went to him and told him to go off, as 
he allowed no shooting on his farm. 
The German refused to go, whereupon 
he was told that if he shot a single 
bird or rabbit on that farm he would 
be shot. This threat was greeted with 
a laugh of derision and to show his 
utter contempt, he proceeded at once 
to shoot and kill a robin. Hardly had 
the report of his gun died away when 
Mr. Schenck fired a load of shot in his 
legs. As he fell Mr. Schenck said 'Now 
you know how a bird feels and if you 
ever shoot another on these premises I 
will shoot higher." The Kound was 
not serious. Dut after this the wild 
game was not molested on that farm. 

The lightning struck and burned his 
barns Cor two successive years. He 
then erected small barns in different 
fields all over his farm. When the next 
thunder shower came over he stood in 
his doorway and shaking his clenched 
hand at the sk> exclaimed "Strike 
away, you can't hit more than two this 
time." Some of his superstitious neigh- 
bors talked a great deal about this in- 
cident and accused him of defying 
"High Heaven" and forthwith adjudged 
him to be a "very wicked man." Mr. 
Schenck was a man of strong rugged 
sense and knew tnat electricity like the 
winds and frost, was an element of 
nature and when he thought he had 
circumvented their destructive forces 
he naturally exulted over it. It is also 
said that he succeeded in inventing "a 
perpetual motion machine." I cannot 
say as to this, although he was remark- 
ably skillful and ingenious in the use 
of tools. This talent seems a natural 
one with the Schencks. As much so as 
singing or music is a talent with a 
Smock, and physics or medicine is with 
a Vanderveer. 

Very few Smocks but are natural 
singers or musicians, or as was said by 
another many years ago: 

"A hardy Smock who cannot sing 
Is rare as a bird without a wing. 
A brass bell that will not ring." 

Among- the stories told of his brother. 
Jonathan R. Schenck, is the following: 
He had a tombstone made and put up 
with inscriptions all complete except 
the date of his death. He selected a 
quiet spot on his farm for its location. 
He would often go out and look at it. 
One day a neighbor came along and 
asked why he had put up a tombstone 





I'lmtoaruph taken in 1899. 



: 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



before he was dead': "For begad you 
see. when I die my boys may get at 
loggerheads and then the rascally law- 
yers will get them into law, and use up 
all my property, and so you see poor 
old Jonathan won't get any tombstone, 
at all, at all, you see, for begad, unless 
1 put it up myself and so make sure of 

The third surviving son of .Ian 
Schenck and Sara Couwenhoven. his 
wife, as heretofore stated, was Peter. 
By his first wife. Jannetje VanNostrand 
or VanOstrandt. he had the following 
children: 



Willi; 


untje. baptized 


Augu 


st 29. 173: 


!. diet 












Jan, 


baptized June 


10, 1 


733. 




Willi; 


untje, baptized 




6, 1735, n 




Elbert 


Williamson. 








Sara. 


baptized July 


17, 1737. 




Peter 


, baptized February : 


A. 1710. 




Mary 


, baptized Apiil 


1 25, 


1742. 




I thi 


nk this son Peter, 


was the justice 


Of the 


peace whose 


narr 


le appear; 


3 fre- 



ifds duiinu a nd 



after the revolutionary war. 1 am not 
sure, however, of this. 

By his second wife. Jannetje Hen- 
drickson,. (maiden name) widow of 
Roelof Jacobse Couwenhoven, whom he 
married in 1717, he had the following 
children: 

Roelof P., baptized January 22, 1749, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Gordon. 

Jannetje. baptized July 28, 1751, married 
John Walter. December 5. 1769. 

Leah, baptize.! November 9, 1755. 

Francyntje. baptized March 7, 1762. 

Antje, baptized September 30. 1763. married 
Garret Cor.over. 

Jan, son of Roelof Schenck, (black 
Roelof) and deesie Hendrickson, his 
wife, married November 26. 1740. Jac- 
ominkey. daughter of Cornelius Cou- 
wenhoven and Margaretta Schenck, his 
wife. He died June 27. 174-9, before his 
father. Their children were: 

Roelof, baptized September 19, 1742. 
Cornelius, baptized October 12, 1744. 
Sara, baptized September 21, 1746. 
Geesie. bapli?^! Octobei 23, 1748. 



THE MASTERFUL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 
DUTCH WOMEN. 



the men of these 
ust not forget the 
women. The woman was indeed the 
-King Pin." or rather the "Queen Pin," 
around whom the whole family life, 
past, present and future revolved. The 
old Roman historians, when describing 
the Teutonic tribes, often mention, as 
something very singular, the consider- 
ation and respect shown by these "Bar- 
barians" to their women, that they 
were treated as the equals and in some 
cases as the superiors of the men. In 
important affairs the women were not 
only consulted but were entrusted with 
the management of them. Sometimes 
they led the men in battle. Among the 
Orientals and Latin races, females 
were treated as Lhe inferiors of the 
males: as untrustworthy and on the 
level with children. They were eared 
in harems among the Orientals, and 
secluded behind barred windows and 
doors among- the Spaniards, Italians and 



Holland women often fought in the 
front ranks, side by side with their 
fathers, brothers, sons and husbands. 

During the sieges of some of the 
cities when people fell dead from star- 
ed as il human beings could not endure 
further suffering, the women encour- 
aged the men to hold out and suffer 
death before surrendering- to the hated 
Spaniard. Another trait of the Dutch 
women which is always noticed and 
commented upon by travellers through 
Holland, is their extreme cleanliness. 
Sweeping, washing, mopping and scrub- 
bing form a passion with them. 

Cleanliness is said to be next to god- 
liness. If this saying is true then the 
Holland woman must "take the cake" 
for superlative piety. Among the farm 
houses scattered through Pleasant Val- 
ley. Atlantic. Marlboro and other town- 
ships and occupied by the descendants 
of the Dutch, these sanu traits have 



the 



'II,.- 



le kitchen floor was deemed 
matter, and the men in some 
?re required to take off their 
hoes before stepping over the 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOU'IH. 



House cleaning two or three times a 
year was a solemn and important work, 
especially so, if it was suspected that a 
bed-bug had effected an entrance into 
the domicile. Then the "huisvrouw" 
was up in arms. An angry frown mar- 
red her usually placid features and her 
tongue clattered all day # like the 
machinery in a grist mill, giving com- 
mands, orders, and urging "all hands" 
to the work of hunting out and exter- 
minating the pestiferous insects. The 
house, from foundation to turret, was 
deluged with floods of water and soap- 
suds, so that the men folks had no dry- 
place where they could place their feet. 
They thereupon retreated to the barn 
or wagon house to get a little peace 
and comfort, from the fierce rushing to 
and fro of the angry vrouw and the 
ceaseless clatter of her tongue. The 
bed clothes were also inspected with a 
microscopic eye. The bedsteads all 
taken apart, the furniture all moved, 
the carpets all taken up. and beat and 
beat and beat, and then hung on a line 
outdoors for the free winds to blow 
away what little dust there was left. 
In short, the whole house was turned 
topsy turvy and there was no rest, 
peace or comfort for anybody, but more 
especially for the unfortunate bed bug, 
who wished he had never been born. 
After the whole house had thus been 
deiuged and scrubbed, if the vrouw still 
suspected there was yet a solitary bed 
bug lurking in a deep crack of the floor 
or walls, she brought up her heavy ar- 
tillery in the shape of scalding water 
and bed-bug poison, and poured that 
into his hiding place, until the miser- 
able insect gave up the ghost. Then 
and not till then, did "order reign in 
Warsaw." After the whole house had 
been thoroughly swept and garnished 
and white wash applied from cellar to 
garret and the furniture all polished 
and varnished, returned to its usual 
place, were the "men folks" allowed any 
peace or comfort. The long exile was 
then over and once more the "good 
man" of the house could comfortably 
sit in his chair by the chimney corner 
and smoke his pipe. Among these fam- 
ilies the real "boss" was the vrouw. 

The very name "huisvrouw" means 
the "woman of the house or home." 
Her authority was absolute in the 
home. No one dared to dispute her 



,■<!, 



for 



jld 



irith 



more terrific effect in the Low Dutch 
language than in any other. A true 
story is told of a Mrs. Benjamin Van- 
Cleaf or Cleef which will illustrate the 
power and authority of the wife. Dur- 
ing the early part of the present cen- 



tury many of our school teachers were 
Irishmen. They were paid by the par- 
ents of the children. It was greatly to 
their interest to have all the children 
sent it was possible to get. This Irish 
teacher taught school at or near the 
old Tennent church. Benjamin Van- 
Cleaf lived some two or three miles 
from the school house and had a large 
family of boys and girls, all of whom 
were under eighteen years of age. The 
Irishman had no personal acquaintance 
with him. but hearing about his family 
called at his residence in order to per- 
suade him to send his children to his 
school. A colored man, who had long 
been a slave in Mr. VanCleafs family, 



for the maste 

formed that he 

ing he could I 

old negro the Irishman 

shilling in his hand, a 

how he could induce Mi 

boss, to send his ehildre 



Kl upon his inquiring 
the house, was in- 

5 not at home. Think- 
something from the 

man slipped a silver 



'Villi go 



1 see c 
Mr. Va 



d then 


asked 


VanCleaf, the 


to the 


school 


the old 


slave. 


w. She 


is de 


is only 


called 


ght side of de 



de boss. You git or 
vn uvi fust an' you hab r.o trouble den." 
The shrewd Irishman took the darkey's 
advice and secured all the children. 

To show the respect and regard in 
which the women were held, look at 
our court records of criminal cases in 
Monmouth county for the past two cen- 
turies, and I doubt if you could find a 
single case where a white man of true 



Dutch dt 
for strik 



ig his 



least I have never seen or heard of any 
such case. The vrouw was the ruler 
of the home and inmates. The parlor 
was her throne room, a place kept 
sacred from all common uses. Closed 
and darkened, except when respectable 
company came or when the damsel of 
the house was visited by an approved 
suitor for her hand. Here before the 
open fireplace, in which the fire cheerily 
blazed and sent its dancing light and 
genial warmth through the room, the 
young couple took their seats on each 
side of the hearth to spend the long- 
winter evening, in courtship. 

The young "Lochinvar" would grad- 
ually hitch his chair nearer and nearer 
to the blooming and blushing fraulein, 
if she did not move away, his chair, 
before the long winter evening wore 
away, would get very close to hers, and 
before he hardly realized it he was tied 
hand and foot in the matrimonial knot. 
His liberty was gone. He was engaged 
After the wedding feast the parlor was 
sternly closed to him. for he was one 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



•of the family and only entitled to the 
same usage. 

The huisvrouw with her store of 
household linen, her heavy blankets, 
home woven, her patchwork quilts, with 
more colors than Joseph's famous coat, 
and many other household articles were 



alsc 



to 



her daughter in housekeeping. 

The parlor was the trap in which 
many a roystering, devil-may-care, hot- 
headed young Dutchman was caught 
in the marriage noose and compelled to 
settle down as a sedate, meek and docile 
married man. Thenceforth he was ruled 
by the vrouw and his mother-in-law. 
Yet his lot was by no means an un- 
happy one. The great majority of the 
Schencks, Conovers, "VanCleafs, Van- 
Ilrockles. Culicks and others of the Van 



name. had wives of unadulte 

Dutch blood, on the farms ol M 

county during the past genera 
and were truly described as follovi 

"She will do him good and not evil ; 
days of her life." 

"She seeketh wool, and flax, and w 
willingly with her hands." 



"She looketh well to the ways of her house- 
hold, and eateth not the bread of idleness." 

"Her children arise up, and call her blessed: 
her husband also, and he praiseth her." 



THE SIX CONOVER BROTHERS AND 
FOUR CONOVER SISTERS. 



In one of my former articles I inad- 
vertently stated that the three Conover 
brothers who married Sehenck wives 
were the only original settlers of this 
name. I should have said that they 
were the only brothers who married in 
the Sehenck family, and were likely 
the first ones to come here with the 
two Sehenck brothers. As a fact there 
were six Conover brothers and four 
sisters, who were all born in Kings 
county, Nassau Island, as Long Island 
was then called, and removed to Mon- 
mouth county. 

They were the children of William 
•(ierritse Cowenhoven, who resided for a 
number of years in Brooklyn. He was 
a magistrate there in the years 1661-62- 
64, and a deacon of the Dutch church in 
1663. From there he removed to Flat- 
lands. His name appears as a resident 
and freeholder of that place, on the 
assessment rolls of 1675-83-93. He was 
also an elder of the Dutch church there 
in 1677. Nov. 1. 1709. he sold his farm 
at Flatlands to his son William, and is 
supposed to have spent his declining 
years among his ten children in .Mon- 
mouth county. 

William Gerritse Couwenhoven was 
born in year 16:16. He married for his 
first wife Altj.-. daughter of Joris 
Dirckse Brinckerhoff. en 12th of Feb- 
ruary, 1665, In married his second wife, 
Jannetje, daughter ..I pieter .Monfoort. 
By his first wile lie had two sons. 



Joris,. or Gtor.L-e, who mairied Alletta Luy- 
ster. or. as spelled on Brick church records, 
Altige Luyster, where they became commun- 
icants in 1731. 



he had elev 



h; i;r,, 



l.-ll ("1'1','li 



lied John Pis 



Altje. b. Dec. 14, 
VanAertsdalen. 

Neeltje. b. Dec. 7, 
erse Wyckoff. 

Peter, b. Feb. 12, 1671, married Patience, 
daughter of Elias Daws. 

Cornelius, b. Nov. 20, 1672, (according to 
Teunis G. Bergen), married Margaretta 
Sehenck. Sent. S, 1700. According to inscrip- 
tion on his tombstone in the Schenck-Couwen- 
hoven burying ground. Pleasant Valley, he 
died May 16. 1736, aged 64 yrs„ 5 mos„ 17 
days. This would place his birthday back in 
1671. As his brother Peter is said to have 
been born in 1671, there is a mistake either 
in .Mr. Bergen's record or in the tombstone 
record. His wife. Maragreta. as spelled on 
her tombstone, died Dec. 6, 1751. need 73 yrs.. 
9 mos., 27 days. 

Sarah, b. Jan. 6, 1675. m. Jan Sehenck. 
Albert, b. Dec. 7, 1676. m. Neeltje Sehenck. 
Jacob, b. Jan. 29, 1679, m. Sarah Sehenck. 
Jan. b. Apr. 9. 1681. m. Jacol.a VanDerveer. 
Annatie. b. Apr. 13, 1683. m. Aert William- 
Will. am. b. Mar. 7. 1686, m. Annatie Lucasse 
Jacomina. b. Dec. 28, 1689, m. Elbert Wil- 

Garret, William and Altje were the 
only ones who did not come to Mon- 
mouth county. Cornelius, Jacob and 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OE J/O.X WOCTH '. 



Albert came first, then Peter. Jan and 
Joris. Sarah and Neeltje, of the daugh- 
ters came first, as their names appear 
among' the communicants of the Brick 
church as early as 1709, while their 
sisters, Annatie and Jacomina appear 

Joris or George Couwenhoven, who 
married Alletta or Altje Luyster, al- 
though the eldest of all the sons who 
came to Monmouth, was the last one to 
come. He evidently had children born 
before he took up his residence in this 
county. The Brick church records show 
the baptism of the following children 
of George Couwenhoven and his wife, 
Aletta Luyster. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 18, 1725. She married 
May 7. 1747, John Smock, and died May 7, 
1812. She and her husband are inteired in 
the Smock burying ground, on the farm for- 
merly owned by Peter R. Smock, the father 
of ex-sheriff Rulief P. Smock, in Holmdel 



Mary. b. Mar. 20, 1748. 

I endrick, b. Dec. 31, 1749. 

Joris. b. June 9, 1751, died young. 

Joris, b. Dec. 22, 1754. 

Neeltje, b. Nov. 21. 1756. 

Sara, b. July 30, 1758. 

Caterina, b. Apr. 27, 1760. 

Johannes, b. Jon. 19. 1764. 

Roelif, b. Nov. 20. 1769. 

In Book E of Deeds, page 226. Mon- 
mouth clerk's office, is record of a deed 
dated Dec. !>, 1712, from Capt. John 
Bown. merchant, of Middletown town- 
ship, to Johannes Smock, late of Staten 
Island, New York, for 230 acres in Mid- 
dletown township and four acres of 
salt meadow at Shoal Harbor. Ramen- 
essin brook is. called for as one of the 
boundaries of the 230 acre tract. 

Joris Couwenhoven had the following 
children baptized alter Elizabeth, wife 
of John Smock: 

Cornelius, bapt. July 2. 1727. 

Daughter, not named, bapt. Jan. 1, 1729. 

Peter, baptized Mar. 31. 1731. 

We also find in these records a Garret 
Couwenhoven and his wile, Sarah Trap- 
hagle (Traphagen). had a son named 
Joris, baptized Oct. 26. 1746. Aletta 
Luyster appears as sponsor. As this 
Garret Couwenhoven cannot be ac- 
counted for among the children of the 
other brothers, and the coincidence of 
name also agreeing with Joris Couwen- 
hoven's family, we think it reasonable 
to say that he was a son of Joris Cou- 
wenhoven and his wife. Aletta Luyster. 
born prior to their removal to Mon- 
mouth county. 



In Book H of deeds, page 1.72, Mon- 
mouth Clerk's office, is record of a deed 
dated May 6, 1729. from John Antonides, 
miller, and Johanna, his wife, of Free- 
hold township, to George Couwenhoven, 
yeoman, of Middletown township, for 
105 acres in Freehold township. This 
is about all the definite information the 
writer has of Joris Couwenhoven. 

As to the other five brothers, who 
took up their residence in Monmouth 
county the records are clear and cer- 
tain. I will take them up in the order 
of their respective ages. 

Peter Couwenhoven married Patience, 
daughter of Elias Daws, and is said to 
have settled somewhere in what is now 
Manalapan township. His Dutch Bible. 
a very precious book to him, is now in 
the possession of Mrs. Lydia H. S. 
Conover, who has kindly furnished me 
with names and dates of births of his 
children as follows: 

Hannah or Johanna, b. Sept. 26. 1695, m. 
John, a son of Rev. Vincentius Antonides. a 
Dutch clergyman, sent out by Classis of 
Amsterdam to supply the churches in Brook- 
lyn. Flatbush and Flatlands. The quarrel be- 
tween him and Rev. Bernardus Freeman, who 
had been commissioned by Lord Cornbury as 
pastor of these same churches fills many pages 
of the early history of teh Dutch chu 
Kings county. L. I. 

Jane, b. July 28. 1697. married 

Alice.' 1 

Schenck. 

William, b. July 11. 1703. m. Mary Calyer or 
Colyer and died May 3rd. 1777. Mary, his 
wife, died January 30, 1777, in her 70th year. 
Both were buried in Tennent church cemetery. 

Altje. b. May 21. 1705. m. Jan. 16. 1730.- 
Her cousin. William Williamson, who was born 
Feb. 18, 1709, died April 22. 1788. He was a 
son of Aert Williamson and Annetie Couwen- 









rife. 



fe as 'Ensign Elias," 
was born Sept. 12th. 1707. m. Williamsi-e. 
daughter of John Wall, died Dec. 25. 1750. His 
wife died March 24th. 1759. aged about 58 
years. Both are interred in the Schenck-Cou- 
wenhoven burying ground. Pleasant Valley. 

Neeltje. b. Sept. 2, 1709. 

Peter, b. June 27. 1712. married his cousin. 
Leah. Janse Schenck. and removed to state of 
New York. 

Anney, b. Sept. 29. 1714. m. John Longstreet, 
son of Adriaan Langstraat and Christina 
Janse, his wife. He was baptized Jan. 13. 
1712. and married Anne Couwenhoven Dec. 17. 
1746. 

Pieter Couwenhoven, the lather of 
these ten children, made his will March 
1.7. 1743. It was proved April 2::. 1777. 
and is on record at Trenton. X. J., in 
Book F of Wills, page 279. etc. He 
names in this will his wile. Patience. 
his sons Peter. William and Elias. whom 
he also appoints executors, and his 






EARL Y DC 71// SETTLERS OF MOXMOUI/I. 



daughter 



Hannah Antonides, Jane 
Williamson, Mary Schenck, Aeltje Wil- 
liamson and Ann Long-street. He was 
an active member of the Dutch church 
and served as elder in 1711-21. I do 
not know where he is buried. 

His son Elias, called "Ensign Elias," 
who married Williamsee Wall, was the 
father of Col. John Couwenhoven, who 
•was born March 8, 1734, married Elea- 
nor Wyckoff and died April 21, 1803. 
He is interred in yard of Marlboro Brick 
church. He represented Monmouth 
county in the Provincial Congress of 
this state and was a member of Council 
of Safety during years 1775-76. He 
seems to have been one of the trusted 
leaders of the people in Monmouth 
county, at the very beginning of the 
stormy days of our Revolutionary war. 
The following resolutions representing 
the views ol the patriots in Freehold 
township are closely associated with 
his name, if indeed he was not the 
author and mover of them. 

It required great courage and devo- 
tion to the people's cause for a man at 
that time to speak out so plainly. 

At a meeting of the freeholders and inhabi- 
tants of the township of Lower Freehold, in 
the county of Monmouth in New Jersey, on 
Monday, tie Oth .lay of June. 1771, after notice 



KE6ULVED, That it is the unanimous opin- 
ion of this meeting, that the cause in which 
the inhabitants of the Town of Bostjn are now 
suffering, is the common cause of the whole 

some Kendal find posiiive me -sures for the 
public sifety be speedily entered into, there is 
just reason to fear that every province may in 
turn share the same fate with them ; and that, 
therefore, it is highly incumbent on them all 
to unite in some effectual means to obtain a 
repeal of the Bcs on Port Bill, and any other 
that may follow it, which shall be deemed sub- 
versive of the rights and privileges of free 
bo:-n Americans. And that it is also the opin- 



shall 






ion of this meeting, that in case i 
pear hereafter to be cor.s'stent wit 
eral opinion of the trading town 
commercial part of our countryma 
entire stoppage of importation and t 
from and to Great Britain and the V 
until the slid Port Bill and other 
pealed, will be really conducive to 
and preservation cf North Americ 
liberties, they will yield a cheerful acquiesence 

same to all their' brethren in this" province. 

RESOLVED moreover. That the inhabitants 
of this township will join in an association 
with the several towns in the county and in 
conjunction with them, with the several coun- 
ties in the province (if as we doubt not, they 
see fit to accede to this proposal) in any meas- 
ures that may appear best adapted to the weal 
and safety of North America and her loyal 



of the 
ippointed as a committ 
Freehold township to carry said 
lutions into effect. Among ther 
pears the names of Hendric 
and Capt. John Couwenhoven. 
A month later still stronge 
tions were passed, and we find his name 
again among the committee. Also in 
the proceedings ■ > i' the Congress of New- 
Jersey of the years 1775-76 we find his 
name prominent. He was the great 



Smock 
resolu- 



Hc 



Cha 



judges of our county 
resided on the old Cou- 
stead farm in Marlboro 



private and public dutie 

ent and reliable in his busir 

The writer for several y 
brought in close contact with 
learned to respect him for i 
cellent traits of mind and he 



the discharge of 



ODDITIES AND PECULIARITIES OF THE DUTCH 

PEOPLE AND THEIR DESCENDANTS 

IN MONMOUTH. 



To understand the character and 
peculiarities of the different races and 
people who settled these United States, 
it is necessary to consider the nation- 
ality from which each one springs. 
Children of the same parents often dif- 
fer greatly in appearance and conduct. 
Sometimes they inherit the physical or 
mental traits of a remote progenitor. 



but v 


/e may general 


ly expect them to 


exhibit n 


of the character- 


istics 


of the nation 


from which they 


Driginate. Today we 


have in our coun- 


try r< 


•presentatives o 


f all the races and 


natio 


as of the world 


Never before in 


all ti: 


mes, was there 


such a heterogen- 




population. Bu 


t among them all 


there 


is no people w 


ho have more dis- 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



tinct and marked characteristics than 
the Hollanders. They belong to a very 
ancient race, whose known history goes 
back to the days of Julius Caesar and 
Pompey. In the battle of Pharsalia the 
Batavians took a prominent part, as we 



fror 



i;..i 



The 



landers are a people who have ever act- 
ed and thought Tor themselves. They 
have never been imitators or syco- 
phants. On the contrary, they are truly 
said to be the oddest people in Europe. 
Everything in Holland is different from 
what it is in other countries. Even 
their morsel of territory is neither 
water nor dry land. Only by the most 
herculean labors has it been wrested 
from the ocean, and by unceasing vigil- 
ance is it preserved from the constant 
assaults of the waves. The reader, 
therefore, can easily see how likely it 
is for strangers, who travel hastily 
through the country to make many mis- 
takes in describing or understanding 
such a people. We are all apt to esti- 
mate others by our own experience. 
The venal man loudly asserts that 
"everj man has his price." The honest 
man falls an easj victim to the plaus- 
ible talk of the "confidence man" 

The English writers and those of the 
same school in America, often describe 
the Dutch as a plegmatic people, as 
slow, sluggish or torpid. It is true 
that they are a quiet, grim and taciturn 
people. It would be strange if they 
were not, when we recall the wonderful 
achievements of the little country, 
about the size of New Jersey, and ever 
in danger of inundation. "That beats 
the Dutch" has become a proverb, when 
some skillful or remarkable work has 
been done. The love of truth and jus- 
tice is said to be a national trait. As 
a fact there is less crime in Holland, 
according to her population, than in 
anv other European country. They have 
especially prized liberty and indepen- 
dence. That industry, so noticeable in 
Holland, where even the dogs are train- 
ed to work, is based on this intense 
love of "independence." 

They know, as was said of old by the 
wise king of Israel, that there < an be 
no true and permanent independence 
without industry. The primeval curse 
still continues that man must earn 
lasting bread by "the sweat Oi his 
brow" and not by spoils taken in Wall 
street or watering railroad stocks or 
patent medicines. To avoid, however, 
the charge of partiality, or exagger- 
ation, I will quote from the writings 
,,i a Frenchman and an Englishman, 
for the writers of both of these nations 



have been very k 
and failings of tl 
this is not true. 
Englishman," is 
often used by eer 



to see the faults 
„ow Dutch." "It- 
can call me an 
expression very 
English writers, 



except you must substitute Dutchman 
for Englishman. But it shows their 
animus and the lofty contempt and 
scorn. 

The following is from the pen of 
Henri Alphonse Esqt.iros, entitled, 
"Dutch at Home." "It has long been 
remarked how naturally a pipe hung 
from a Dutch mouth; and most local 
habits are based on hygenic conditions 
of climate. Beneath the foggy sky of 
the Netherlands, a necessity was felt 
to produce smoke against smoke. It is 
a sort of local homeopathy. Some 
physical writers have asserted that 
tobacco smoke befogged the intellect; 
but this observation is contradicted oy 
the Dutchmen, who live in a climate of 
smoke and whose minds are more pre- 
cise, positive and clear in their details, 
than those of any other people. 

"In Holland we find what thinkers 
born in periods of moral agitation never 
attain and what Dante sought — peace. 
It is not rare to notice in little wayside 
hostelries, the inscription, "Pax Intran- 
tibus." We might say that life is like 
the water in their canals, it does not 
flow. Be it illusion or reality, it seemed 
to us that the hours strike here more 
slowly than in France, and are ushered 
into life with a song. The whole ehar- 
L cti i of old Holland is found in the 
solemn peals, in those aeolian voices 
which the fathers heard, and which the 
sons will hereafter hear. 

"At Utrecht, a thoroughly protestant 
town, the chimes played a hymn accord- 
ing to the Reformed ritual. This Pur- 
itan gentleness, the notes of which the 
beels dash out in the air harmonizes 
with the calm and reposed hues of the 
scenery. The gardens which border the 
water are kept up. gravelled and raked 
with extreme care, and trees loaded 
with fruit otter pleasing variety to the 
slightlv monotonous character of the 
verdure." According to this French 
writer, contentment and peace prevail 
among the people of this land, and each 
one is not trying to exceed or beat his 
neighbor, or discontented because some 
one else lias a few more dollars than 
he has. Peace, quiet and contentment, 
while easily mistaken for, are vers 
different from the apathy and stupidity 
which come from ignorance and slug- 
gishness. The bustle, excitement and 



. liich 



ife 



Am, 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



and sure walk and talk, although mod- 


covetousness. The Dutch inhabit a 


ified by modern environments, may be 


country which can be overrun in a 


seen in their genuine descendants in 


week, and perpetually has been over- 


America. Washington Irving', in his so 


run. "The Dutch have taken Holland" 


called Knickerbocker History of New 


is a byword tin- world over, and has 


York has seized upon this trait as one 


been for generations past. 


of the principal themes for his pleas- 


By their industry they rendered it 


antry, ridicule and caricatures. Other 




English writers have done the same. 




forgetting that the shallow brook ever 


wealth. They have accumulated within 



stolidity can b 
Dutch phlegm a 
ally an Bnglisl 
able to see som 
The following i, 



i >< t . . I .< 



L\;r< 



188S 



sed 



author who has shed his "coclf 
shell" and dropped his "Lion's sk 
He speaks first of the great pre 
ations being made in Holland to c 
brate the 75th anniversary of their 
eration from French domination, 
the re-establishment of their nati 
independence, and then goes on to 



leir maritime enterprise, distant 
Lii s. great mercantile marine, laden 
the precious products of the earth, 

unscrupulous powers of Europe, 
not only hated and feared their 



Den 



ni,l 



"No nationality 
earned its liberties 
the Dutch' or has n 



•id 



w itho 


ut inc 


sel of 


territ 




It ma 


IV. 1.111 


ned a 


verted 


the 


produi 


•ti\ <■ i 









life. When they pro 


n on the score 


claimed their 




pendence of the grea 


h if dwells is. 


Spanish Emp 




until then invinciblf 


fort^tln^'mor- 


a mere hulk t 


"U 


ills, masts or ruddei 
ig on the mountainou 


. rtei in ise ha - 


waves ,.: a 


storn 


n dashed ocean, wit 


and has coll- 


the words "1 


ii < ; 


od We Trust." T'hi 


ie of the most 


truly express 


ed tl 


t.'ir d. sperate strait: 


rope. Not only 


and that the:. 


■ lea 


lized that deli\ ..ran.' 


e of foggy un- 


could only c< 


ime 


from Him Wl,., hold 


ist model farm. 


the world in 


the 1 


follow of Hi- hand. 


•ous cities and 


Feudalism. 


inst< 


...I .,i ,,i. nching, Ilk 



filled them \ 
civilization, 
stretched it; 



id tie 



rth 



lull 



and foresight. 

The surprising history of its influence 
and affluence is essentially connected 
with its stubborn determination to be 
independent; It defied the powers ..; 
nature, it compelled the old world and 
the new to pay it tribute; it made itself 
learned and accomplished, beans., it 
felt that it was performing the work 
for and by itself. 



the 



ry of 



for- 



tunes, the maintenance of its ind.-pen 
dence, with the briefest intervals, is 
continual marvel. Swiss independenc 
with all its great deeds cannot mate 
the tale of the vitality of Dutch Free 



of the inquisition, invigorated their 
love of liberty and Independence. While 

Europe languished under the burden of 
thousands of petty despots, Holland 
throve under its counts: Burgun.li.-i n. 
Spanish and French rule passed over 
it. without Stirling Us free spirit. The 
..ath of the .hi. out Frisians that "The 
Frisians would l.e free as long as the 



Of the Dutch people, and the building- 
up of a true Republican government, 
objects which had induced a large part 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF JJU.XMOUTH. 



of the Dutch people to co-operate in 
assuming- the French rule, the conta- 
gion of French Democratic ideas might 
have ended in absorbing Holland per- 
manently in the French republic. 

Bonaparte's dynastic ambition opened 
their eyes to the fact that they were 
regarded as a conquered nation and 
were in chains to a tyrant, who sought 
to aggrandize himself at the expense of 
his wife, his friends, his allies and his 
country. 

For the uplifting of himself as Em- 
peror he abolished the Bataviain repub- 
lic and after four years of his brothers' 
mock reign incorporated the province 
of Holland as part of his empire. Up 
to this time Holland troops and Holland 
officers, like VanDamm, hid served him 
faithfully. In his disastrous invasion 
of Russia some- of the Holland regi- 
ments had perished almost to a man in 
the performance of duty. Thencefor- 
ward it was a mere question of time 
when the deceived and betrayed people 
of Holland would throw off the yoke 
of this Corsican soldier, and assert 
their independence. The field of Leipsic 
gave them this opportunity. A month 
later the Dutch nation declared itself 
once more free and summoned the 
Prince of Orange home to lead the 
movement. Circumstances then aided 
Holland in its deliverance and in shak- 
ing off the French yoke which the Hol- 
landers themselves had originally co- 
operated in adjusting. Coincidences 
were equally favorable when its troops 
marched with those of Marlborough and 



Eugene. It profited by the great league 
which William III constructed from the 
vantage ground of the English throne. 

Queen Elizabeth and Valois and the 
Bourbon Kings of France had all helped 
in its struggle for existence against 
Philip II but the nationality, too, was 
constantly on the alert and ready. 

Generally it has been the heart and 
soul of the international combinations 
for resistance to a crushing monopoly 
of powers in Europe. European liber- 
ties owe yet more to the uncontrollable 
Dutch love of independence than Dutch 
independence owes to European succor. 
The Dutch race are not especially con- 
ciliatory, any more than is supposed to 
be the English. Frequently it has 
shown itself harsh, as Belgium found 
between 1814 and 1830. Englishmen 
have had cause to accuse it of commer- 
cial rapacity and exclusiveness. Its 
handful of people and morsel of terri- 
tory ever in danger of being swallowed 
up by the sea, has ever been throughout 
a palpable and visible unit, which it 
has been impossible for European coun- 
tries to ignore and entirely possible for 
them to obey." 

This tribute from a foreign English- 
man shows certain characteristics of 
the Dutch and which their descendants 
in America should naturally possess. 
The Dutch farmers of the Transvaal in 
Africa have exhibited the same spirit 
in their determined efforts to preserve 
their independence, and the Dutch set- 
tlers of Monmouth showed the same 
spirit during our revolutionary war. 



CORNELIUS COUWENHOVEN OF PLEASANT 
VALLEY AND HIS CHILDREN. 



Cornelius Couwenhoven seems to 
have been the first one of this name 
who actually settled in Monmouth 
county, but there is evidence that one 
or more of this family had long been 
familiar with the territory and the In- 
dian inhabitants. As early as 1663 we 
hear of a Jacob Couwenhoven, who 
owned a small sloop and who traded 
with the Indians for venison and furs. 
The trade with the Indians for peltries 
and furs was very profitable and ex- 
tensively carried on by the early Dutch 
settlers. The Albany records contain 
an account of an attempt made In 1663 
by certain of the English people at 
Gravesend and other Long Island towns 
to purchase lands of the Indians, known 



as the Navesinks, and who occupied 
part of what is now Monmouth county. 
The Dutch authorities hearing of this, 
sent an officer and a few soldiers in a 
vessel to prevent it. When the boat 
reached the southern point of Staten 
Island, opposite the mouth of the Rar- 
itan river, they met Jacob Couwenhoven 
in a small sloop. He informed them 
that he had been out trading for ven- 
ison, also that a number of the Nave- 
sink and Raritan Indians had gathered 
at a place about three miles up the Rar- 
itan, and that the English, in an open 
s:oop, the day previous had gone up the 
river to meet them. From this it appears 
that Jacob Couwenhoven had made for- 
mer trips across the bay and was well 



HP 




',*: ■ 



WWBBWBBBHwi 



I'h..t,,._.ra,ih taken l.y Mrs. L. H. S. Co 




(near Keyport, N. J.) 
Photograph taken by Mrs. L. H. £. Conover in Ju 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



enough acquainted with the Indian in- 
habitants to distinguish those who 
lived in what is now Monmouth county 
from those who lived on the Raritan 
river. It is more than probable that 
the ownership of ' vessel property and 
the continuance of this traffic with the 
Indians would remain in the family. 
The emigration of the Dutch people 
from King's county. Long Island, to 
Somerset. Middlesex and Monmouth 
counties between 1695 and 1730 was 
quite large. -Several vessels must have 
been employed to transport their house- 
hold effects, agricultural implements 
and stoek over the water. 

Cornelius Couwenhoven, it is said, 
owned a sloop which he named the 
"Carroway." It sailed between the 
East River and some landing, either up 
Matawan or Waycake creek. His son, 
\\ illiam, afterwards owned the boat and 
no doubt made trips from the Mon- 
mouth shore to New York and Kings 
county whenever there was a necessity 



for 



thi 



kept up with the old people and goods 
and passengers transported back and 
forth. I think it likely that sometimes 
the first settlers, prior to 1709, may 
have had some of their children bap- 
tized in the Dutch churches of Kings 
county. There was no regular Dutch 
church minister in Monmouth county 
ujntil 1709, and, although there may 
have been an occasional visit by a 
licensed clergyman, there was no such 
thing as regular services. It is to be 
remembered that our early Dutch set- 
tlers lived on isolated clearings with 
the primeval forest all around them. 
There were no schools for their chil- 
dren. They learned to speak the Dutch 
language from family intercourse. Th.- 
children also would hear the uncouth 
talk of the negro slaves, the broken 
English of the wild Indians, and the 
talk of the ignorant Englishman or 
Frenchman who occasionally visited 
their home. Thus they gradually fell 
into a dialect which was impure Dutch, 
mingled with many English words 
wrongly pronounced and wrongly spell- 
ed. Take the christian names of the 
children bor.i after 1700 as spelled in 
their wills or private family records, 
and you can see how far they had drift- 
ed away from the correct Dutch spell- 
ing of their own names. We can hardly 
conceive today the many disadvantages 
our pioneer settlers labored under. 

Cornelius Couwenhoven by his wife. 
Margaretta Schenck, had the following 
children: 



"William, born July 20, 1700, married first 
Jannetje, daughter of Peter Wyckoff. and 
Williampe Schenck, his wife. Second Antje. 
daughter of Daniel Hendriekson and Catharine 
VanDyke, his wife, and widow of William, son 
of Jacob Couwenhoven. 

He died November 10, 1755. leaving a 
will dated September 29. 1755, proved 
December 22, 1755, and recorded in Book 
F of Wills, page 305, etc., secretary of 
state's office. He appoints his brother 
Roliph. and his son-in-law. Matthias 
"Cownover," as he spells the name, ex- 
ecutors. He speaks in this will of his 
father-in-law, Peter Wyckoff. He signs 
the will 'William C. Kouwenhoven" and 
describes himself of Carroway, Middle- 
town township. As stated before "Car- 
roway" was the name of his sloop and 
he called his place by the same name. 
He only names one son, Cornelius, and 
two daughters, Williamtic and Cathar- 
ine, in this will. 

Roe'.eff, born April 12, 1710, married Sarah, 
daughter of Cornelius Voorhess, and Maritje 
Ditmars, his wife, and died December 12. 1789. 

In Book G of Deeds, page 31. Mon- 
mouth clerk's office, is a record of a 
deed from Alexander Laing of Scotland, 
i ;icat Britain, to Hendrick VanVoorhies 
of Flatlands, Kings county, Nassau Is- 
land, for such was then the name of 
Long Island. A tract of land at Topan- 
emes. Freehold township, containing 250 
acres is conveyed by this deed. I think 
this Cornelius Voorhees was a brother 
of the Hendrick VanVoorhies named in 
the deed and who actually settled on 
this land, but I am not certain. 

Annetje. 

Jannetje, married in 1731. Aris. son of John 
Vanderlilt and Ida Suyca 



wife. 



One of the earliest records we have of 
the Suydams in Monmouth is in Book 
G of Deeds, page 74; a deed dated April 
1st, 1729. from Thomas Williams to 
Hendrick Suydam of Flatbush on Long- 
Island, for a tract of lund in Freehold 
township. Then in the same book of 
deeds, pages 139-1 11. from Lewis Morris 
of Manor of Morrisania, in Province of 
Xew York, to Ryke Hendrickse, Domin- 
icus Vanderveer, Daniel Polhemus, 
Jacob Hendrickse. Auke Leffertse, 
Stephen Coerten and Johannes Polhe- 
mus, all of Kings county on Long Is- 
land, lor a tract of land known as "Fif- 
teen hundred acre tract," bounded on 
one side- by Swimming river, dated May 
17. 1709. This Jacob Hendrickse and 
Ryke Hendrickse were really Suydams. 



EARL V nUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOCTH. 



but in accordance with the Dutch cus- 
tom, they were given their christian 
names and their father's christian name 
with "se" or "son" annexed. This clear- 
ly appears from a deed recorded in 
Book H of Deeds, page 211, Monmouth 
clerk's office, dated June 6, 1727. where- 
in Ryk Hendrickson Suydam of Flat- 
bush, Kings county, L. I., conveys to 
John VanMeeteren (VanMater) of Mid- 
dletown township, Monmouth county, 
N. J., all that tract of land in Middle- 
town township bounded west by Domin- 
icus Vanderveer, east by Anken Leffert- 
son, south by Swimming river and north 
by heirs of Quryn (Kriin) VanMeeteran 
(VanMater) and known as No. 4. con- 
taining 152 acres. Daniel Polhemus of 
Flatlands, L. I., by a separate deed con- 
veyed his share to Johannes Polhemus. 



In Book H of Deeds, page 325 we find 
record of a deed dated December 23, 
1689, from John Reid of Hortencia, 
Monmouth county, to Richard Salter of 
same county for part of Hortencia. The 
tract begins where west Branch comes 
into Hop brook at a place called Pro- 
montoria; on page 327 of same book we 
find record of assignment of same deed 
from Richard Salter to Adrian Bennett 
and Jacob VanDorn of "Gawamis," 
Kings county, L. I. This is dated April 
2, 1697. 

Again on page 329 of Book H of 
Deeds is record of a deed from Aria 
Bennett and Barbary, his wife, of Free- 
hold township, to Jacob VanDorn ol 
same township, dated February If. 170,, 
and conveys the undivided one-half of 
a 200 acre tract in Freehold township. 



besinr 



jrner of Albert Cow- 



land and beiiiK 



ises cc-nveved to said Bennett and Van- 
Dorn by John Bowne May 17, 1700. 
Also another tract adjacent to this also 
conveyed to them by John Bowne. 1 
am not sure whether this Aria Bennett 
was the same person as Adrian Bennett 
or another. The above deeds however, 
show the time when the VanDorns and 
Bennetts came into this county and the 
place they came from on Long Island. 



Neeltje. married July 2, 17 41 Benjamn,. son 
of Benjamin VanCleaf and Hank butpnm. 
his wife. 

In Book H of Deeds, page 222, is a 
record of a deed dated May 4. 1725. from 
John Job of Freehold township to Law- 
rence VanCleve and Isaac VanCleve of 
Bravesend U I. On our old records the 



VanCleaf name is spelled many different 
ways. VanCleaf, VanCleve, etc. This 
deed, however, shows about what time 
this family came into the county. In 
Book G of Deeds, page 50. is record of a 
deed dated December 6, 1718, from John 
Johnston of New York City, to Jacob 
Sutvan (for so the name is spelled) 
yeoman, of Kings county, L. I., for a 
tract of land containing 333 acres at a 
place called "Wemcougak in Freehold 
township." Topanemus Brook, Middle 
Brook and John Craig line are called 
for as boundaries in the description. 
This "Sutvan" was no doubt a "Van 
Sutphen." for so the name is spelled in 
old records of Kings county. L. I. 

Mary, baptized December 21. 1710. 

The first Dutch church of Monmouth 
had been regularly organized with a 
stated pastor, one Joseph Morgan, in 
1709, and so we have a record of the 
children baptized from this time. 

Rachel, baptized November 2, 1712. 
Margaret, baptized De ember 5. 1714. 
Jacometje. baptized Noiember 23. 1717, mar- 
ried November 26, 1741, Jan Roelefse Schenck. 

The youngest child by this marriage 
was named Geesie after her paternal 
grandmother. She married May 9. 1765. 
Aurie, son of second Jacob VanDorn and 
Maria Schenck, his wife. Aurie Van- 
Dorn was born September 14, 1744, died 
July 14, 1830. 

Caterina, baptized June, 1720, married Dec- 
ember 22. 1741, Daniel Hendricksjn. 

Cornelius Couwenhoven, the father ot 
these thirteen children, made his will 
November 22, 1735, proved June 22, 1736. 
recorded in office of secretary of state 
it Trenton in Book C of Wills, page 107. 
He mentions the names of all of the 
above children, but the spelling differs 
considerably from mine. For instance 
he spells "Jacomintje" "Yacominsky." 
and "Jannetje" "Yannikie." 

He devises to his son William the 
land sold to him by William Bowne by 
deeds dated March 1, 1704, and January 
20, 1705, one for 94% acres, and the 
other 62 acres, and also 120 acres re- 
leased to him by Daniel Hendrickson. 
Garret Schenck. John Schenck and Peter 
Wyckoft, dated July 10, 1716. 

Cornelius Couwenhoven and his wife 
are buried in the Schenckj-Couwenhoven 
burying ground. The inscription on his 
tombstone shows that he died -May 16, 
1736 aged 64 years. 5 months and 17 
days. His wife, Margaretta Schenck. 
died December 6. 1751. aged 73 years. 9 
months and 27 days. 



ALBERT COUWENHOVEN AND HIS TWELVE 
CHILDREN. 



Albert Couwenhoven came from Flat- 
lands, L. I., to Monmouth county, and 
settled on lands in the township of 
Freehold (now Marlboro) where Mr. 
Selah Wells now resides. We find his 
name and that of his wife, Neeltje or 
Eleanor Schenck, daughter of Roelof 
Martense Schenck, and his second wife, 
Annetje Wyckoff, among' the commun- 
icants of the Brick church in 1709. His 
Dutch Bible is still in existence with 
dates of the births of all his sons and 
daughters entered in his own hand- 
writing. He had the following- children: 

William, b. March 7, 1702, married Libertje, 
daughter of Benjamin VanCleaf and Hank 
Sut]. hen, his wife. She was baptized May 19, 



He settled in what 
township, and left a 
the office of the Secre 



'I'V "I' 



Ruliff, b. September 8, 1703. married Antje, 
daughter of Jan Strycker and Margaretta 
Schenck. his wife. She was baptized Decem- 
ber 20. 1708. 

Antje. b. August 21, 1705. married Abraham 
Polhemus. supposed to he of the Somerset 
county or Lone: Island people. 

Jannetje. b. September 30. 1707, married 
Joseph Coernel. 

Altie. b. January 20. 1709, married Hen- 
drick, son of Hendrick Hendrickson. He was 
born November 11. 1706. and died July 28, 
178.1. 

In Book c; of Deeds, page 59, .Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office, is record 
of a deed from Tunis Covert of Free- 
hold township, to Cornelius VanBrunt 
and Hendrick Hendrickson of New 
Utrecht of Long Island, for 203 1/2 acres 
and 96% acres in Freehold township. 
On pages 61-62 of same book is record 
of a deed dated May 1, 1719. from Abra- 
ham Emans of Freehold township, to 
Hendrick Hendrickson and Jaques 
Denys of New Utrecht, L. I., fur a tract 
of 96 acres in Freehold township. It 
therefore appears that there were other 
Hendricksons who purchased land in 
Monmouth county, besides Daniel and 
William who came here prior to 17iiu 
and settled on lands at what is now 
Holland in Holmdel I. .unship. The 



early Dutch settlers were in the habit 
of visiting- once or twice a year their 
old homes in Kings county. L. I. And 
mariag-es likely occurred between the 
young people here with the young 
people in Long Island. The Dutch gen- 
erally preferred to marry among their 
own people, and it was not often that 
any of them were caught by the 
■daughters of Heth," or the sons of the 
Philistines. 

Margaret, b. February 15, 1711, married 
December 8. 1731. Daniel, son of Johannes 
Polhemus. He was born in 1706 and died 
September 26, 1763. She died June 7, 1780. 



Both a 
tig- grou 
cobeyvi 

Sar: 



b. Ju 



Polhe 

tic tot 

1714. 
of Bet 



■ied May 19, 
in VanClea 
was baptized 



an. I Han!. Sutphen. Ins wife 
June 3, 1711. 

Peter, b. October 12. 1716, married May 19. 
1740, Wiliampe. daughter of Hendrick 
Voorhees and Jannetje Jansen. his wife. She 
was born January 25, 1722, died August 12. 
1803. He died October 1. 1771 : interred in 
yard of Marlboro Brick church. 



Nell: 



b. 1-et.i- 






lie.l 



n;i. di< 






Scher 
rying ground, 
e 16, 1721, married N 
8. 1742. Sarah, daughter of Hendrick Van- 
Voorhees and wife aforesaid, 

Jan, b. February 18, 1723, married October 
19, 1744, Catherine, daughter of Hendrick 
VanVoorhees and wife. 

Corneilus A., b. October 29, 1728, married in 
1750 Antje. daughter of William Williamson 
and Antje Couwenhoven, his wife. She was 
born September 13. 1730. and died September 
14. 1757, and was buried in Wyckoff I ill 
grave yard, near Freehold. He married for 
his second wife, July 12, 1770, Mary Logan, 
who was born August 9. 1748, and died Mav 
2, 1831. 



The 



given h( 

see. .nd « 

and Com 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOUTH. 



had a son named Cornelius, born May 
18, 1771. who married Elizabeth, a 
daughter of Harmon Conover and 
Phoebe Bailey, his wife, died December 
20, 1814. He was also buried in the 
Sehenck Couwenhoven burying ground. 
His oldest son was named John C. Con- 
over, born November 10, 1797, married 
December 3, 1820, Elizabeth, a daughter 
of John A. Vanderbilt and Mary Mac- 
Kildoe. She was born September 11. 
1804, and died January 30, 1860. He 
was the last owner of the Albert Cou- 
wenhoven homestead. He died Nov- 
ember 26. 1832. and this farm then 
passed out of the family. 

Albert Couwenhoven and his wife, 
the parents of the above named twelve 
children, were buried in the Sehenck 
and Couwenhoven burying ground. He 
left a last will which is herewith given. 
Following it is the will of his son Cor- 
nelius. 

WILL OF ALBERT COUWENHOVEN. 
In the name of God Amen. I, Albert Coven- 
hoven, of Freehold, in the county of Monmouth 
and province of East New Jersey, yeoman, be- 
ing, thro' the abundant mercy and goodness of 
God, tho' very sick and weak in body, yet of 
a sound and perfect understanding and mem- 

ment, and desire it may be received as such. 
Imprimis: I most humbly bequeath my soul 
to God, my maker, beseeching his most grac- 
ious acceptance of it thro' the all sufficient 
merits and mediation of my most compassion- 
ate Redeemer, Jesas Christ, who gave himself 
to be an atonement for my sins, and is able 

God by Him ; seeing he ever liveth to make 
intercession for them, and who I trust, will 
not reject me, a returning penitent Sinner, 



for 



and confidence I render up my soul with com- 
fort, humbly beseeching the most blessed and 
glorious Trinity, one God, most Holy, most 
Merciful and Gracious, to prepare me for the 
time of my dissolution, and then to take me 
to himself into that peace and rest and incom- 
parable felicity, which he has prepared for all 
that love and fear his Holy name. Amen ! 
Bless:-<1 be God. 

Imprimis: I give my body to the earth, 
from where it waB taken, in full assurance of 
its resurrection from thence at the last day. 

As for my burial, I desire it may be decent, 
without pomp or state, at the discretion of my 
executrix and executor hereinafter named, 
who. I doubt not. will manage it with all 
requisite prudence. As to my wordly estate, 
it is my will, and I do hereby order, that in 
the first place all my just debts and funeral 
charges to be paid and satisfied out of my 
movable estate. 

Item: I give and bequeath unto Eleanor, 
my dearly beloved wife, all my whole estate, 
both real and personal, for her own proper 
use, benefit and behoof, as long as she remains 
my widow and no longer. 

Item: I give and bequeath unto my eleven 
well beloved children (viz: Willii 



Anna, Jane, Alice. Margot. Sarah. Peter, Jar- 
ratt, John and Cornelius), after the death or 
widowhood of my dearly beloved wife, all my 
whole estate, both real and personal, as goods, 
chattels, lands and tenements, to be equally 
divided amongst them (my eleven dearly he- 
loved children aforementioned) (viz: William. 
Ruluf. Anna, Jane. Alice. Margot. Sarah. 
Peter. Jarratt, John and Cornelius, to them 
and each of them and their heirs and assigns 
forever) so that each of them or each of their 

my whole estate as above mentioned. 
I giv 



U-lmud 



Willi. 

ift I at 



Of 



shil 



ake 



.■kimwledging him to be my 
to be paid to him in a con- 
r my decease. I likewise 
ad ordain my dearly beloved 
wile. Eleanor, and my well beloved kinsman, 
William Covenhoven, son of Cornelius Coven- 
hoven, my only and sale executrix and exec- 
utor of this my last will and testament. And 
I also hereby utterly disallow, revoke and dis- 
annul all and every other former testaments, 
wills, legacies and executors by me in any 
way before this time, named, willed and be- 
queathed, ratifying and confirming this, and 
no other to be my last will and testament. 
In witness whereof I have hereto set my hand 
and seal this sixth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and forty-eight (1748). 

Signed, sealed, published and declared by 
the said Albert Covenhoven, as his last will 
and testament in the presence of us, the sub- 
scribers (viz:) 






for ten 



yea 



.1 ,-, 



he 






Kalul 



signing and sealing it 
being forgot to be mentioned." 

ALBERT COVENHOVEN. 

Jan Covenhoven, IL. S.] 

Matteys Piterson, 

William Williamson. 

Be it remembered that on the third day of 
October, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and forty-eight, the within wit- 
nesses, Jan Covenhoven, llatteys Piterson and 
William Williamson, personally came before 
me, Thomas Bartow, duly authorized to prove 
wills and qualify executors in New Jersey, and 
they being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist 
did depose that they were pre 
Albert Covenhoven, the testator 
sign and seal the within written testament and 
heard him publish, pronounce and declare the 
same to be his last will and testament and at 
the day thereof the said testator was of sound 
mind and memory to the best of their know- 
ledge, and as they believed, and that they 
each signed as a witness in 



THOS. BARTOW;. 
Be it also remembered that at the same time 
leanor Covenhoven, the executrix within 
imed, personally came before me and was 
vorn to the due execution and performance 

THOS. BARTOW. 
Probate granted by Governor Belcher in the 
lual form. Dated Oct. 3rd. 1748. 

THOS. BARTOW. Pr. Reg'sr. 



EARLY ULICH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



The wife of Albert Covenhoven was Neeltje. 
Dutch for Eleanor or Nelly, daughter of Roelof 
Schenck of Flatlands, L. I., by his second 
wife, Annetje Wyckoff. 

WILL OF CORNELIUS A. COVENHOVEN. 
In the name of God Amen This Eleventh 
Day of September In the year of Our Lord 
One Thousand Seven hundred and Ninety- 
three I Cornelius Covenhoven of The Town- 
ship of Freehold in The County of Monmouth 
& State of New Jersey Yeoman Being In 
health of Body and of Perfect Sound & Dis- 
poseing Mind and Memory Praised be Al- 
mighty God for the Same, Considering the 
frailty of Nature and Knowing it is appointed 
for all men To Die Do Make & Ordain This 
My Last Will and Testament In the following 
Manner and form First I Recomend My Soul 
To God Who Gave it Trusting for Salvation 
In & Through the alone Merits of My Ever 
Blessed Redeemer Jesus Christ and as to my 
Body I rerorrend it To the Earth To be In- 
terred at the Discretion of My Executors here- 
inafter named Nothing Doubting but at the 
General Resurrection I Shall Receive the same 
again by the Mighty Power of God And as 
Touching Such Worldly Estate wherewith it 
Hath Pleased God To Bless me in This Life I 
Do order. Give & Dispose of The Same in the 
following Manner Imprimis I Do order That 
my E>ecutors Do pay all my Just Debts & 
Funeral Expenses Out of my Moveable Estate 
which I may Leve at the time of My Decease 
—Item I Give & Bequeath To my Loveing Wife 
Mary Dureing her Widdowhood a Comfortable 
Liveing as Usual With My Son Cornelius on 
My said Farm and have the Use of one Room 
with a Fire Place and Fire wood Brought to 
her Door one Good Feather Bed & Furniture 
and One Negro Woman Named Jane so Long 
as She shall Remain My Widdow and in Case 
my Said Wife Should Remarry my will is that 
my said wife have the sum of fifty pounds 
paid her by me Son Cornelius Current money 
of the City of New York as all Moneys in this 



my Will are to be Taken & Esteemed To be. 
And one feather Bed & furniture In Lieu of 
her Dower or Thirds— Item I Give and Be- 
queath To my Daughter Sarah an Out Sett 
Equal in Vallue To the Out Sett I Gave my 
Daughter Neil To be Delivered to her by my 
Executors out of my Moveable Estate at the 
Time of My Decease. Item— I Give Devise & 
Bequeath To my Son Cornelius Covenhoven all 
Remainder of My Estate Boih Heal & 



Per 



Whe 



To 






fills all the other Matters & 
joined him in this My Wi 
Covered Waggon & Hors -s 
Remainder of My Horses I 

Moveables That I may have and Negroes at 
the time of My Decece To be Equally Divided 
amongst my Children. To wit: William. Nelly. 
Allice, Cornelius & Sarah or their Children) 
Item it is My will That my said Son Cornelius 
Do pay the sum of Six Hun. lied pounds money 
aforesaid In Manner foiling To Wit To allow 
a Good & Sulhrient Support out of said sum 
for my Son Albert And after the Decease of 
my Self, my wife and my Son Albert. What- 
ever Part of said Six I undred pounds Shall 
be Remaining Shall he Equally Divided Be- 
tween my four Children William. Nelly. Allice 
& Sarah or their Children And Lastly I Do 
Hereby Nominate. Constitute & appoint My 
brother in Law, Stoffel Logan & my friend 
Tobias Polhemus, Executors of this my Last 
will & Testament Utterly Revokeing & Dis- 
annuling all other Wills by me heretofore 
Made Rattifying & Confirming this & no 
other to be my last Will & Testament Note the 
word (form) and the word (of) & the word 
(Sarah) being Interlined Before Sealing & 
Delivery hereof 

CORNELIUS A. COVENHOVEN. 

Signed Sealed pronoumed & Declared To be 
his Last Will & Testament In the Presence of 

Garret Covenhoven 

Ruth Covenhoven 

Joseph Throckmorton 



JACOB COUWENHOVEN AND HIS ELEVEN 
CHILDREN. 



Jacob Couwenhoven married at Flat- 
lands, L. I., November 12, 1705, Sarah 
Schenck, who was baptized in the 
Dutch church at Brooklyn, December 
18, 1685. She too was a resident of 
Flatlands. and the couple had doubt- 
less known each other from earliest 
childhood. Jacob Couwenhoven received 
such education as the schools in Brook- 
lyn at that time could give, and also 
such as he could pick up from chance 
associations with the traders, mer- 
chants, sailors and emigrants who fre- 
quented tin harbor of New York. Like 
his brother Cornelius he is said to have 
owned a sloop, which made trips from 
Brooklyn across the bay to the Mon- 
mouth shore. It is likely that this was 
the same boat and owned jointly by 



two or more of the six Conover broth- 
ers. For one boat of this kind would 
be amply sufficient to transport all 
their families, goods, chattels and 
stock, from the shore of the East river 
over to Monmouth county, and also to 
take back such peltries, venison and 
Mther articles they had to sell and for 
which a demand existed in the New 
York markets. 

Jacob Couwenhoven. by his wife. 
Sarah Schenck. had the following chil- 
dren, all of whom are supposed to have 
been born in his dwelling house which 
stood on the north side of the street 
through Middletown village, somewhere 
between the location of the present 
Baptist church and the Hartshorne 
burying ground. 



EAKLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MO.XMOCTH. 



Jannetie, b. December 10, 1706. 

Annetje, b. February, 1708, married John, 
son of Daniel Hendrickson and Catherine Van- 
Dyke, his wife. 

Daniel Hendrickson, a son of this 
couple, married Nelly or Eleanor Van- 
Mater. She was born August 4, 1735, 
and died February 12, 1828, and is bur- 
ied in the Hendrickson burying ground 
on the farm of the late George Craw- 
ford Hendrickson in Middletowp vil- 
lage. A son of this last couple, John, 
born June 13, 1773, married Mary, 
daughter of John Lloyd, and died in 
January, 1807. He was the father of 
the late Charles I. Hendrickson, of 
John Lloyd Hendrickson and Daniel 
Hendrickson. who owned the farm now 
occupied by the Morfords at the east- 
ern end of Middletown village and 
opposite to the farm owned by his 
brother. John Lloyd Hendrickson. in 
his lifetime. 

William, b. February, 1710, married Antje. 

daughter of Daniel Hendrickson and Catherine 
VanDyke, aforesaid. 

She was baptized December 30, 1711. 
The records in secretary of state's 
office at Trenton, show that letters of 
administration on his estate were 
granted October 17. 1742, to his widow, 
Ann, his brother Ruliph. and his broth- 
er-in-law, William Hendrickson. The 
Brick Church records show that he had 
two children baptized, viz: Daniel. 
March 30. 1737. and Jacob, October 14, 
1739. His widow married March 17. 
1744, for her second husband William, 
son of Cornelius Couwenhoven, of 
Pleasant Valley, and who has been 
heretofore mentioned as "William C. 
Kouwenhoven of Carroway." By this 
last marriage she had three children, 
(1st) Cornelius, baptized April 7, 1746. 
married Mary, daughter of Hendrick 
Hendrickson and Neeltje Garretse 
Schenck, his wife, and died October 10, 
1806; (2nd) Catherine, baptized April 
16, 1749; (3rd) Williampe. who married 
Martin or Matthias Couwenhoven, a 
brother of her mother's first husband 
and hereinafter particularly described. 

Ruliph, b. March 1, 1712. married August 12, 
1741, Jannetje, daughter of Daniel Hendrick- 
son and Catherine VanDyke, his wife, afore- 

The church records show the follow- 
ing children baptized: Sarah, baptized 
February 21. 1742; Daniel. January 15, 
1744, and Catherine, February 16, 1746. 
Letters of administration on his estate 
were granted to Peter Couwenhoven, 
(brother) William Hendrickson, (broth- 



er-in-law) and Tunis Denyse, or Denise. 
His widow married for her second hus- 
band Peter Janse Schenck, as has been 
already mentioned, together with the 
names of her children by this last hus- 
band 

Jacob, b. February 1. 1714, married Decem- 
ber 21, 1742, Margaret, daughter of William 
Couwenhoven and Arriantje Bennett, his wife. 
The marriage license was granted N,,\e!alier 
16, 1742. 

Garret, b. November 5, 1713, married Octo- 
ber 12, 1744, Neeltje. or Eleanor, daughter of 
Roelof Schenck and Geesie Hendrickson. his 
wife, died December 9, 1797. 

He owned quite a large tract of land 
in what is now Marlboro and Holmdel 
townships. Part of this land is still 
(1898) in the ownership and occupation 
of his lineal male descendants. The two 
farms near Taylor's Hills in Holmdel 
township, where Daniel D. Conover 
and Garret Rezo Conover lived about 
40 years ago and where their sons now 
live, is part of the tract. The family 
burying ground is on the farm owned 
by Daniel D. Conover and near the 
dwelling house. It is especially notice- 
able for the care, neatness and good 
taste which it always shows. Here 



id hi 



ife 



id a n Is 



ried. 



Peter, b. December 14. 1718. died January 
14. 1719. 

Peter, baptized May 29. 1720. married Cath- 
erine, daughter of Roelof Janse Schenck and 
Geesie Hendrickson. his wife, and at that 
time widow of Simon DeHart. 

Garret and Peter Couwenhoven are 
the two sons-in-law named as execu- 
tors in Black Roelof Schenck's will. 
Also see pages 317-18, Old Times in Old 



Martin, as spelled in will but Matthias else- 
where, b. 1725. married Williampe. daughter 
of "William C. Kouwenhoven of Carroway," 
and Antje Hendrickson. his second wife, and 
the widow of his oldest brother, William. 

This Matthias Couwenhoven lived on 
a farm on the right side of the road 
from Ogbourna Corner t.> Middletown 



The Matthias Conover interred in the 
Saptist church yard at Middletown and 
.hose tombstone shows that he died 




House of Daniel Polhemus Schanck on his farm in Pleasant Valley. N. J. 
Photosraphed in summer of 1900. 




Part of Schanek-Covenhoven Cemetery in Pleasant Valley. N. J. 
Photographed by Mrs. L. H. S. Conover in the winter of L900. 



EARL V DL'Tt II SETTLERS OF .VOXMOUT/I. 



September 28, IS 12. aged 80 years. 2 
months and 5 days, and the Ruliph 
Conover, interred near him. who died 
June 12, 1873, aged over 85 years, are 
I believe descendants of the above 
named Matthias Couwenhoven. 

There was also another child named 
Sarah but I can find no record of her 
except in her father's will. 

Jacob Couwenhoven made his will 
July 5. 1743. He appoints his sons. 
Ruliph. Garret and Jacob, executors, 
and they all qualified. He mentions in 
his will six sons, Martin, (Matthias) 
Ruliph, Jacob, Garret, Peter and John, 
one daughter. Sarah, three grandsons, 
Daniel Hendrickson and Jacob Hen- 
drickson and Daniel Couwenhoven, -and 
one granddaughter, Sarah Couwen- 
hoven. This grandson. Daniel Hen- 
drickson. 1 think became sheriff of 
Monmouth county during the revolu- 
tionary war. He was the grandfather 
of the late Charles I. Hendrickson who 
owned the farm on the north side of 
Middletown street, between the lands 
of the late Dr. Edward Taylor and the 
Murray homestead, now owned by his 
son, John S. Hendrickson. 

Jacob Couwenhoven in his will des- 
cribes himself as a yeoman and a resi- 
dent of Middletown. I have not been 
able to find out where he was buried. 
He owned a large tract of land, and it 
is likely he was buried somew here 
upon that as was then the custom. 

According to tradition current 
among the descendants of his son. Car- 
ret, at Taylor's Mills, he provided all 
of his seven sons with a farm. Of 
course such traditions are verv uncer- 
tain and unreliable, but they some- 
times contain a few grains of truth. I 
do not know whether there is any 
truth in this tradition, but only repeat 
what is said. And this is the story 
handed down among the descendants 
of his son Garret, who as everybody 
knows, are among the most respectable 
citizens of Monmouth county, and 
whose everyday word is better than a 
good many people's oath on the Bible. 
They have been informed and so under- 
stand from talk of their forefathers, 
that Jacob Couwenhoven's seven sons 
owned and occupied the following 
farms: 

William had the farm where Daniel 
G. Conover lived, and now or lately 
owned by Edward Hopping in Middle- 
tov. ii township. 

Ruliph owned lands where the late 
Ezra Osborne lived and the farm adja- 
cent on the west or north side of the 
highway from Halm Hollow to the John 
Golden farm. 



Matthias owned the lands on the op- 
posite side of this highway. The pri- 
vate family burying ground of the Con- 
overs on this land supports this claim. 

Jacob owned the farm of the late 
John Eastman. 

Garret owned what was in after years 
known as the farm of "Farmer Jacob 
Conover" and the farms of Daniel D. 
Conover and Garret Rezo Conover, near 
Taylor's Mills in Holmdel township. 
The last two are still (1898) in family 
ownership. 

John owned the farm known as the 
Murray homestead in Middletown vil- 
lage together with lands adjacent, now 
part of the Morford farm and of John 
S. Hendrickson's farm. 

Peter owned the "Garret VanDorn 
farm" on the south side of Middletown 
street, now owned by the son of the 
late Azariah Conover. 

Jacob Couwenhoven is said to have 
been a large, well proportioned man, 
bluff and straightforward in manners 
and hospitable and obliging to all who 
sought shelter under his roof or aid at 
his hands. It will be noticed that there 
were several marriages between his 
children and Daniel Hendrickson's 
children. This man was quite a near 
neighbor, living where his great grand- 
son. Hon. William H. Hendrickson, now 
lives at Holland or the Luyster neigh- 
borhood, as sometimes called. 

Garret, one of Jacob Couwenhoven's 
sons, married Netty or Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of Black Roelof Schenck, and had 
the following children: 

Jacob, b. June 19, 1746, married April 25, 
1771, Mary, daughter of Hendrick Schenck and 
Catherine Holmes, his wife. 

He was known as "Farmer Jacob." 
and the farm he lived on was consider- 
ed the model farm of that day in Mon- 
mouth county. He left two sons, Hen- 
drick, who married Ann B. Crawford 
and whose descendants are named in 
"Old Times in old Monmouth." Garret, 
who married Alice, daughter of Tobias 
Hendrickson and Rebecca Coward, his 
wife, of Upper Freehold township. A 
daughter of this couple named Rebecca 
H., born in 180S, married Thomas Meirs 
and was the mother of Collin B. Meirs. 
born September 7. 1833, on the old Meirs 
homestead in I'pper Freehold township, 
and who was auditor of Monmouth 
county for seven years, and now one 
of the first citizens of Upper Freehold 
township. 

Ruleph. b. Novembr R. 1747. married June 
22. 1773. Anna, daughter of Garret Coertse 
Schenck. and Nelly Voorhees. his wife. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS Oh MONMOUTH. 



Sarah, b. January 3, 1749, married John 
Lloyd and died September 8, 1773. 

She is buried in the Conover family 
burving ground on the Daniel D. Con- 
over farm near Taylor's Mills. .One of 
her daughters. Mary, married John 
Hendrickson. son of Daniel Hendrick- 
son and Eleanor VanMater, his wife, be- 
fore mentioned. She is buried in the 
Hendrickson burying ground at Mid- 
dletown village and the tombstone at 
her grave states that she died July 11, 
1865, aged 92 years, 8 months and 24 
days. She was the mother of the late 
Charles I. Hendrickson of Middletown 
village. 

Daniel G., b. January 20, 1750, married Feb- 
ruary 9. 17S6, Margaret Refeau, (often spelled 
Rezo). She was born February 23. 1763, and 
died December 26, 1823. 

Daniel G. Conover lived and died on 
the homestead farm near Taylor's Mills 
and is buried in the family burying 
ground on this farm. After his death 
the land was divided between his two 
sons, Daniel D. Conover and Garret 
Rezo Conover, whom many persons now 
alive remember. Garret married as be- 
fore stated. Mariah Schenck. Daniel 
D. married May 26, 1825, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Garret G. Vanderveer, and died 
October 22, 1861. He was a genial, 
hearty man and endeavored to make 
everything pleasant to all with whom 
he came in contact. His hospitality 
was unlimited, if the roof of his house 
was left. His widow, who was born 
February 21, 1806, is stfll living on the 
homestead with their son. Garret. She 
is remarkably active and hale for one 
so near the century mark. Hon. Wil- 
liam V. Conover, who occupied the farm 
left him by his father, Tylee Conover, 
on the north side of the Shrewsbury 
river, opposite Red Bank, and who died 
a few years ago, was a grandson of the 
above named Daniel G. Conover and 
Margaret Reseau, his wife 

Gachey. b. February 5. 1753. married first 
Hendrick P., son of Peter Albertse Couwen- 
hoven and Williampe Voorhees. his wife. 

Anne, b. May 21, 1754, married July 13. 
17S5. Isaac, son of second Jacob VanDorn, and 
Maria Janse Schenck, his wife, and died June 
11, 1843. 

She and her husband are buried in 
the Episcopal church yard at Middle- 
town village. They were the parents 
of Garret VanDorn, who was born May 
31, 1789. He married Williampe, daugh- 
ter of Hendrick P. Couwenhoven and 
Gachey Couwenhoven. his wife, above 
mentioned, his cousin. She was born 
January 1st. 1793. and died on the Van- 



Dorn homestead at Middletown village. 
January 31, 1874. She and her husband 
are buried in the Episcopal church yard 
at Middletown aforesaid. 

Garret VanDorn died childless and in- 
testate. He was well known through- 
out Monmouth county, being gentle 
and placid in disposition, without an 
enemy in the world, he was respected 
and liked by all who knew him. He 
left a large estate with no debts be- 
yond funeral expenses and charges of 
his last sickness. Yet this estate has 
remained unsettled down to the pres- 
ent day. It is the "Jarndyce vs. Jarn- 
dyce" case of Monmouth county. It 
shows how an estate involved in no law 
suits and no debts, can be dragged 
through the courts for years. A true 
history of this estate would be of great 
interest, not only to the relatives in- 
terested but to the public at large, so 
that we all might know "how not to 
do it," while making great pretension 
of doing, settling and distributing. A 
more honest man never lived than Gar- 
ret VanDorn and no man ever left 
property freer from all claims and liti- 
gation than he. Yet the estate became 
entangled and has been left unsettled, 
although more than forty years have 
passed away since administration was 
granted to Williampe, his widow. She, 
of course, depended on and wholly 
trusted others to do the business. 

The seventh child of Garret Couwenhoven 
and NeeltjeSchenck, his wife, was Mary, born 
April 5, 1756, died young. 

Garret, b. September 15, 1758, died unmar- 
ried. 

John, b. May 23, 1760, married August 22. 
1778. Jane, daughter of Garret Coertse Schenck 
and Nelly Voorhees, his wife, died May 11. 
1802. He was buried in the yard of the Marl- 
boro Brick church. His widow married Aug- 
ust 20. 1812. her second husband. John H. 
Schenck, and died November 5, 1836. 

John Conover am 



Elias. b. August 10. 1779, married July 1. 
1798, Mary, daughter of Ruliff H. Schenck 
and Sarah Schenck, his wife. 

They were the parents of John E.. 
Ruliff E. and Hendrick E., already 
mentioned in a former article. 

Garret I., b. March 31. 1785. married Jan- 
uary 6, 1807, Sarah, daughter of Ruliff H. 
Schenck and Sarah Schenck, his wife, died 
May 12, 1829. 

He owned and occupied the farm 
where Gideon C. McDowell now lives 
in Marlboro township. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLE US OE MONMOUTH. 



Jane, b. September 10, 1789. married Octo- 
ber 23, 1805, Jonathan R. Gordon, son of 
Eiekiel Gordon, and died June 1, 1831. Her 
husband was born March 16, 1785, died May 

Sarah.' b. — married March 14. 1803. Albert 
VanDorn. 

Nelly, b. — married December 7, 1796, 
George Morris. 

There were two other children who 
died young. 

There v> ere, of course, other descend- 
ants of Garret Couwenhoven and Neeltje 
Schenck. his wife, but I have not the 
dates of their births, marriages and 
deaths and therefore do not name them. 
but the record I give will enable all 
who can go back to their grandfathers, 
to fix their family descent without any 
mistake. Garret Couwenhoven, the 
progenitor of this line of Conovers, is 
said to have been a hearty, whole- 
souled man. That he resembled in a 
marked degree his father, and because 
of his tall well proportioned form and 
his handsome appearance, attracted 
notice wherever he went. He is also 
said to have taken great interest in 
and care of his children; that he en- 
deavored to train them to habits of 
sobriety, economy and industry, and 
judging by results after all these years 
his descendants seem to have profited 
by his efforts, for with very few ex- 



spti 



the 



hav 



present day. As his children grew up 
and left the old homestead to make 
their way in the world, he is said to 
have advised them In plain words, but 
in the spirit and intent expressed in 
the following verses: 



"You're going to leave the ho 

"You're twenty-one today. 
And the old man will le sorry, Jacob, 

To see you go away. 
You've labored late and early, Jacob 

And done the best you could ; 
I ain't a going to stop you, Jacob, 

I wouldn't if I could. 



The years, they come and go, my 

The years, they come and go ; 

And raven locks, and tresses br< 



'its tri: 


lis and 


tmul.l. 


et God, 




hes bit 


'In basket and 





Jacob, 



But one thing let me tell you, Jacob, 

Before you make your start, 
There's more in being honest. Jacob, 



Though rogues i 

And sterling 
Oh! keep in vi 



y seem to flourish, Jacob, 
rth to fail, 
the good and true ; 



How fast 

So when old 

You'll have 






^gy. Jacob, 
vill learn 



ltiply. 

goodly store 
wealth to furnish all your needs. 
And maybe something more. 



There's shorter culs to fortune, Jacob, 

We see them every day. 
But thesa who save their S2:f respect. 

Climb up the good old way. 
'All is not gold that glitters,' Jacob, 

And makes the vulgar stare. 
And those we deem the richest, Jacob, 

Have oft the least to spare. 

Don't meddle with your neighbors, Jacob, 

Their sorrows or their cares; 
You'll find enough to do, my boy, 

To mind your own affairs. 
The world is full of idle tongues, 

You can afford to shirk ; 
There's lots of people ready, Jacob, 

To do such dirty work. 



presi 


;ed in 


And if amid the race for far 

You win a shining prize. 
The humble worth of honest 




stead, 
icob, 




You never should despise-. 
For each one has his missioi 

In life's unchanging plan 
Though lowly be his station, 


l, Jacob. 



THE YOUNGER OF THE SIX CONOVER BROTHERS 
AND HIS CHILDREN. 



This was the youngest of the six 
Conover brothers, who removed from 
Flatlands, L. I., to Monmouth county, 
N. J. 

In Book G of Deeds, page 162, Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office, is the rec- 
ord of a deed dated October 3rd, 1705. 
from John Bowne, merchant of Middle- 
town township, to John Covenhoven. 
yeoman of Flatlands, Kings county, L. 
I., for the consideration of £300 two 
tracts of land, one containing 94 acres 
and the other 215 acres, in the town- 
ship of Freehold, (now Marlboro) and 
conveyed. In the description it is 
stated that these two tracts lie to- 
gether and are bounded on the east by 
lands of Jacob VanDorn and Aria 
(Adrian) Bennett. On page 165 of the 
same book of deeds is record of a deed 
dated October 15, 1709, from Jacob 
VanDorn of Freehold township to John 
Covenhoven of the same place, for a 
tract of 38% acres, adjacent to the two 
tracts above mentioned and between 
them and other lands of said VanDorn. 
These two deeds show that John Coven- 
hoven had removed from Long Island 
and was actually settled in Monmouth 
county some time between 1705 and 
1709. The lands described in the above 
deeds, or the greater part of them, have 
been continuously in the possession of 
the descendants of Jan Couwenhoven 
from that date to the present year of 
our Lord, 1898. 

Peter G. Conover, the well known and 
highly respected farmer of Marlboro 
township, was born, lived and died on 
this homestead. He was a grandson 
of the said Jan Couwenhoven. John 
Lyall Conover. who now owns and oc- 
cupies these lands, and who is one of 
the first farmers of Monmouth county, 
is a son of the late Peter G. Conover. 
Lafayette Conover and Stacy P. Con- 
over, lately deceased, who owned and 
occupied valuable farms in the same 
vicinity, were also sons of Peter G. 
Conover and great grandsons of the 
original settler, Jan Couwenhoven. 
Jan Couwenhoven made his will Nov- 
ember 23, it was proved December 29, 
1756, and is on record in the office of 
the secretary of the state of New Jer- 



sey, in Book F of Wills, pages 392, etc. 
He names in this will seven sons, viz: 
William, Garret, Cornelius, Peter, John. 
Jacob and Dominicus. He appoints as 
executors his son Garret, his cousin 
Roelof Schenck, (Black Itoelof) and his 
cousin Garret, son of Koert Schenck; 
only his son Garret qualifies. This will 
is witnessed by David Williamson, Cor- 
nelius Couwenhoven and Elbert Wil- 
liamson. 

All his sons except Garret removed 
from Monmouth county to Penns Neck 
and from there his sons, Cornelius, 
Peter and Jacob, emigrated to the state 
of Kentucky. Peter is said to have 
removed from Kentucky to the state 
of Illinois. It is also said that he had 
a daughter Tryntje, who removed with 
her three brothers to Kentucky. Dom- 
inicus married Mary Updyke. His will, 
dated January 23, 1778, at Princeton, 
N. J., is on record in Book 20 of Wills, 
page 194, etc., at Trenton, N. J. He 
names in this will the following sons: 
John, William, Garret, Levi and Peter. 
He devised his farm at Penns Neck to 
his sons, Levi and Peter. 

The records of Marlboro Brick church 
show only the following children of 
Jan Couwenhoven baptized: — Trinke, 
baptized, October 30, 1709; Cornelius, 
baptized April 6. 1712; Peter, baptized 
December 5. 1714; Jan, baptized April 
12. 1719; child un-named, baptized June 
7, 1724. 

Garret, his youngest son as supposed, 
was born on the old homestead in Marl- 
boro township April 27. 1726, and re- 
sided there until his death, November 
1, 1812. He is buried in the yard of the 
Marlboro Brick church, and his age. 
inscribed on his tombstone, is 86 years 
and 6 months. He married first Neeltje, 
daughter of Benjamin VanMater and 
Elizabeth Laen, his wife, and had by 
her five children. He married second 
Antje, daughter of Peter Janse Schenck 
and Jannetje Hendrickson, his wife. She 
died April 5, 1803, aged 49 years. 7 
months and 2 days. By his second wife 
he had the following children: 

married Hon. 




Ruins of the old Krist mill of Cornelius Covenhoven at Carroway, 
near Keyport, N. J. 



Photographed July, 




Photographed July, 1898. 



1233693 

EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Mr. Schenck at one time represented 
Monmouth county in the New Jersey 
Assembly. He lived and died on the 
farm now (1898) owned and occupied 
by his youngest son, Lafayette Schenck. 
in the township of Atlantic. He was 
also the father of the late Rev. Garret 
Conover Schenck, the well known cler- 
gyman of the Dutch church, and who 
died only a few years ago. As Eleanor 
Conover was, on her mother's side, a 
descendant of Jan Schenck, and her 
husband, Lafayette Schenck, was a 
descendant of Garret Schenck, the 
Dominie was a lineal descendant of 
the two Schenck brothers who lirst 
settled in this county. 

Jane, b. November 9. 1789. 

Ann, b. September 1790, married first Wil- 
liam Schenck, second Theodore Rue. 

John, b. December 17, 1791, married Ann 
Smock. 

Peter G-. b. January 2, 1797. married Nov- 
ember 10, 1819, Charlotte, daughter of John 
Lyall, and died May 21, 1886. 

During his long life of nearly four 
score and ten years he lived in peace 
with all men and was respected by 
everybody for his integrity. His name 
is mentioned in a case decided by the 
supreme court of New Jersey back in 
the year 1825. This decision is found 
in Third Halstead, New Jersey Reports, 
pages 90 to 116. His name is brought 
in through his marriage in the Lyall 
family and in a brief account of this 
family and some of their connections. 
It seems to have been an important 
case, for the decision fills thirty-six 
solid pages of this book. Four of the 
greatest lawyers of that day in New 
Jersey appear for the parties. Robert 
Stockton and George Wood for the 
plaintiff, and Garret D. Wall and L. H. 
Stockton for the defendant. George 
Wood subsequently obtained a national 
reputation as a lawyer. 

This case turned upon the construc- 
tion of the will of Eleanor Lyall. who 
had bequeathed a farm of 108 acres at 
Nut Swamp, Middletown township, to 
Fenwick Lyall. Fenwick Lyall sold 
and conveyed this farm to Richard 
Crawford for the sum of $4,390. After 
Fenwick's death it was claimed that 
he only had a life right under his 
mother's will. The Supreme court in 
their long opinions sustained this con- 
struction. Fenwick Lyall and John 
Lyall are interred in the Lippitt bury- 
ing ground at Middletown village. 
Peter G. Conover, by his wife, Char- 
lotte Lyall. had the following children: 

A. Bishop 



Lafayette, who married Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Schenck and Abbey Polhemus, his 
wife. 

William Schenck was a son of Roelof 
P. Schenck, or Long Ruly, as called, 
and a brother of Antje Schenck who 
married Garret Conover above men- 
tioned, the grandfather of Lafayette 
Conover. 

Stacy P.. who married Ellen L., daughter of 
Daniel P. Schenck. 

Garret, married Mary L. Hulse, (formerly 
Hulshart.) 

Charles, died young. 

Ann Eliza, married David Baird. 

Eleanor, married Alfred Conover. They are 
the parents of the well known lawyer. John 
L. Conover of this county. 

Emma, married Ferdinand Hyers. 

Three other children. Amanda, Jane 
and Eugene, died young 

In this connection I might say that 
Garret Conover by his first wife, Neel- 
tje VanMater, had a son named Garret 
who married Mary, daughter of the 
third Garret Schenck. He owned and 
lived on the farm where the late John 
W. Herbert lived in Marlboro township, 
adjacent. I think, to the farm of the 
late Stacy P. Conover. He built the 
brick house yet standing where Judge 
Herbert lived until his death. Another 
Garret H. Conover, son of Hendrick P. 
and Ghacey Conover, his wife, owned 
and occupied the adjacent farm where 
Joshua Smith now lives, and a Garret I. 
Conover owned and occupied the farm 
where Gideon C. McDowell resides. 
This Garret I. Conover was a son of 
John G. Conover (a brother of farmer 
Jacob Couwenhoven). born May 23, 
1760, and married August 22, 1778, Jane, 
daughter of Garret Koertse Schenck 
and Nelly Voorhees, his wife, and who 
died May 10, 1802. Garret I., the son, 
was born March 31. 1785, married a 
daughter of Ruliff H. Schenck and died 
May 12, 1829. His brother Elias, born 
August 10, 1779, was the father of Hen- 



drick 



to 



the people of Freehold, and who died 
only a few years since and hereinbefore 
mentioned with his brothers, John E. 
and Ruliff E. 

These three farmers all had the same 
walnut tree for a beginning corner. 
The people of this vicinity in speaking 
of these three Garret Conovers, made 
up a simple little rhyme which serves 
to identify and distinguish them. It 
ran thus: 

The farrrs of the Garret Conovers. three: 
Garret H.. Garret I. and Garret G„ 
All butted up to a walnut tree. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



The walnut tree, I understand, was 
cut down a few years ago and a slab 
from it presented to all the descendants 
of the three Garrets who could be 
reached, as a relic. 

Jacoba Vanderveer, the wife of Jan 
Couwenhoven and ancestress of this 
Conover line, was born at Flatbush, L. 
I. She was baptized April 29, 1686, and 
was a daughter of Cornelius Janse Van- 
derveer and his wife, Trintje, daughter 
of Gillis DeMandeville. Cornelius Janse 
Vanderveer came from Holland to 
America in the ship Otter, February. 
1659. In 1677-8 he purchased a farm 
at Flatlands, L. I., where he settled. 
One of his daughters, Neeltje, married 
Daniel Polhemus. He also had a son, 
Dominicus, baptized November 16. 
1679. This Dominicus Vanderveer was 
associated with Daniel and Johannes 
Polhemus, Auke Lefferts or Leffertson, 
Ryck Hendrickson Suydam, Jacob 
Hendrickson Suydam and Stephen 
Coerten in a purchase of a tract known 
as the 1500 acre tract on Swimming- 
river from Lewis Morris in 1709. This 
Auke, or Aukey Lefferts was the prog- 
enitor of the Leffertscn or Lefferts 
family in Monmouth county. He was 
born April 4, 1678, married May 29, 
1703, Marytje TenEyck, a sister I think, 
of Joh-nnes Polhemus 1 wife. He died 
November 26, 1769, and is interred in 
the Polhemus family burying ground 
at Scobcyville. Of these purchasers 
only Johannes Polhemus and Auke 
Leffertson actually settled. The old 
deeds for the purchase and subsequent 
transfer from Daniel Polhemus to 
Johannes Polhemus are still in the pos- 
session of the Polhemus family at Pha- 
lanx, Atlantic township. In Book I of 
Deeds, pages 450, Monmouth county 
clerl-'s offi-e, is record of a deed from 
Cornelius Vanderveer of Middletown 
township to John Covenhoven of Free- 
hold township, dated September 18. 
1789. In this deed Cornelius Vander- 
veer states that he is a son of Domin- 
icus Vanderveer and for the consider- 
ation of £1332 he conveys a tract of 
330 acres In Shrewsbury township, ly- 
ing on both sides of the public road 
leading from Tinton Falls to Colts 
Neck and between Swimming river and 
Fall river or brook, being a part of the 
Manor of Tinton, conveyed by Edward 
Antill and Anne, his wife, to Cornelius 
Vanderveer, March 27, 1741, the grand- 
father of said Cornelius, the grantor 
in this deed. 

There is also record of a deed dated 
June 2, 1712, in the Monmouth county 
clerk's office from Stephen Warne of 
Middlesex county to Tunis Vanderveer 



and Cornelius Vanderveer of Flatbush. 
Kings county. L. I., for a tract of 350 
acres in Freehold township. The Mid- 
dle brook of Topaneir.es, the South 
brook of Topanemes and the line of 
John Baird's lands are mentioned in 
the description. The above named 
Tunis and Cornelius Vanderveer were 
sons of Dominicus Vanderveer. These 
deeds show when and how the Vander- 
veers first came into Monmouth county. 
Tunis Vanderveer, above named 
grantee, married about 1723, Aeltje, 
daughter of Garret Schenck of Pleas- 
ant Valley, and settled on part of the 
above tract. It has been in this family 
ever since. David Arthur Vanderveer, 
who now owns and occupies it, is a 
lineal descendant of Tunis VanDer- 
veer and Altje, Schenck, his wife. They 
had a son Tunis, born April 19, 1739. 
He had a son John, born April 4, 1763, 
married February 18. 1789. Anna 
Bowne. They were the parents of ten 
children. Among them were Joseph I., 
born January 9, 1790, and married Jane 
Smock; and David I., born April 19, 
1806. married February 13, 1828, Mary, 
daughter of William Covenhoven and 
Janet Davis, his wife. Joseph I. Van- 
derveer was a wellknown and a very 
popular man through Monmouth coun- 
ty, "Uncle Josey Vanderveer." as he 
was generally addressed. He had two 
or three horses stolen ene night from 
his stable. Single handed and in his 
everyday clothes he started out the 
next morning to find them. His pur- 
suit led him through the state of New 
Jersey, city of Philadelphia, lower 
counties of Pennsylvania into the state 
of Maryland, where he found and cap- 
tured the thieves and brought his 
horses back home. His courage, per- 
severance and determinaticn shown in 
this adventure was talked of and told 
for many years afterwards. His broth- 
er, David I. Vanderveer, lived and died 
on the old homestead in Freehold town- 
ship. His death occurred July 23, 1884. 
He left four children surviving him: — 

Hannah Matilda, married February 5. 1851, 
David C'ark Perrine, who was born at Clarks- 
burg, Millstone township, October 20, 1816. 

He was the well known merchant of 
Freehold who made the "Big Red 
Store" famous in this part of New Jer- 
sey. Their only son, David Vanderveer 
Perrine, the leading merchant of Free- 
hold, has deepened and widened the 
business his father established. 



Willi 



Cm. over, 



July 22, 1831. 




Photograph taken by Mrs. L. H. S. Cono 




Old house on Murray homestead in village of Middletown. N. J., 
pied and owned by Jacob Covenhoven during the latter 
Dart of the eighteenth century. 

Photographed in the summer of 1900 by Mrs. L. H. S. Cono' 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



John D., b. September 28, I Slit;, married 
November 30, 1859, Jane Ann. daughter of 
John Henry Vanderveer and Jane Smock, his 
wife. 

David Arthur, b. June 23. 1844. married 
November 2, 1865, Eleanor G.. daughter of 
Tunis Vanderveer Schenck. 

He resides on the old homestead 
where his forefathers settled nearly 
two centuries ago. Thus both in the 
history of Jan Couwenhoven and of the 
Vanderveer family in which he married 



we find they have held to the present 
day the lands in Monmouth county on 
which they first settled. This speaks 
well for their stability, conservatism 
and contentment with thing's as found. 
No family in Monmouth can show a 
better record in this respect. In this 
connection I may add the late Col. Elias 
Conover of Middletown. and Joseph 
Conover. father of the late William W. 
Conover of Red Bank, and of Sidney 
Conover, are descendants of the above 
named Jan Couwenhoven and Jacoba 
Vanderveer. his wife. 



REASONS WHY THE NEW YORK HOLLANDERS 
MIGRATED TO NEW JERSEY. 



It may seem strange why the Van- 
Dorns, VanPelts, VanAmacks, (Aum- 
ocks) VanSiclens, (Sickles) and other 
Dutch people left the towns and vil- 
lages of New York, and the society of 
their relatives and friends between 
1690 and 1720, when there was so much 
unoccupied land close by, just as fertile 
and cheap as that in Monmouth, Mid- 
dlesex and Somerset counties, N. J. 

Monmouth county at that time was 
reached from Long Island by sailing 
vessels, generally small sloops. They, 
of course, were dependent on the winds 
and tides. In calms or contrary winds 
a sloop might be two or three days in 
making the passage. In the winter 
when the bay was covered with float- 
ing ice or disturbed by violent storms, 
no passage was possible. 

The few people who then resided in 
Monmouth county were of a different 
race and language and had nothing in 
common with these Dutch people from 
Long Island. The country here was 
little more than a howling wilderness. 
No roads which deserved the name, but 
mere tracks through the primeval^ for- 
ests over the old Indian paths, 'very 
few bridges, no schools or churches of 
their language and faith. In short, 
none of the conveniences of civilized 
life. 

To understand this migration it is 
necessary to take a brief glance at the 
political and social conditions of affairs 
in the province of New York. Just be- 
fore 1690 the great revolution had oc- 
curred in England, which drove King 
James into lasting exile, and placed on 
the throne of Oreat Britain the Stad- 
holder of the Dutch Republic, William 



of Orange. Everything in England was 
in confusion, and they had no informa- 
tion or time to consider the affairs of 
a little colony like New York some 
three thousand miles away. When the 
news of this great revolution was re- 
ceived in New York, the old officials 
who had been appointed under King 
James were naturally supposed to be 
his adherents. The Dutch population 
were well satisfied to have a man of 
their own race and country, like Wil- 
liam of Orange, as their sovereign. In 
fact, for the first time since the pirat- 
ical seizure of New Netherlands, in the 
interest of this same King James, then 
known as the Duke of York, were the 
Dutch people really satisfied with Eng- 
lish rule . 

At suggestion and with support of 
many of the Dutch and English people, 
particularly those in Kings county. L. 
I., and New York City, a man named 
Jacob Leisler was chosen to administer 
temporarily the government of New 
York until communication could be had 
with the government of Great Britain. 
This, of course, would require from 
four to five months with the sailing 
vessels of that time. 

An Englishman named Richard In- 
goldsby, who had been identified with 
the old officials appointed under King 
James, backed by the aristocratic 
clique who had previously controlled 
the provincial government, attempted 
also to rule. In this they were de- 
feated by the Leisler party and some 
of the leaders, like Nicholas Bayard, 
had been imprisoned. Jacob Leisler 
was a plain, sincere man, without any 
experience in political intrigue or du- 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOl'TH. 



plicity. He was also without ability 
to manage public matters of such mag- 
nitude or at such a critical period. He 
was, however, a zealous protestant and 
an enthusiastic supporter of William 
of Orange, the revolutionary king. 

He took every possible way to have 
King William and Queen Mary pro- 
claimed the legitimate sovereigns of 
Great Britain at all the principal vil- 
lages and towns of New York. On the 
4th of March, 1690, he sent an order to 
one John Langstaff or Longstreet of 
East Jersey, directing him with the aid 
of the principal freeholders and inhab- 
itants of the place to proclaim William 
and Mary king and queen of England, 
Scotland, France and Ireland, accord- 
ing to the form used, at chief towns of 
East Jersey, with all the solemnities 
usual on such occasions. This was 
done at the villages of Middletown and 
Shrewsbury, some time in the month 
of March, 1690, for they were the prin- 
cipal towns in this part of East Jersey. 
This action on the part of Leisler 
proves the utter falsity of the charge 
afterward trumped up by his enemies, 
that he was the ringleader of a Dutch 
plot to subvert the English govern- 
ment. , Finally on the 19th of March, 
1691, an Englishman named Henry 
Sloughter duly commissioned as Royal 
Governor, arrived in New York. He 
was entirely unacquainted with the 
people and the true situation of public 
matters. He naturally fell into the 
hands of the old English politicians and 
relied on them for all information. 
Many of these men were the bitter pol- 
itical and personal enemies of Leisler. 
They looked upon him as an upstart 
and the leader of the common people 
who had pushed himself forward, con- 
trary to usage, precedent or aristo- 
cratic connections. 

At their suggestion, made for a sinis- 
ter purpose. Sloughter appointed In- 
goldsby to demand from Leisler the 
surrender of the fort and the disband- 
ment of his military forces. Surprised 
at such a messenger and suspecting a 
trick. Leisler at first refused but finally 
when convinced that the new governor 
had really deputized him, he surrender- 
ed up the fort without any resistance. 
Leisler, his son-in-law. Jacob Mill- 
bourne, and several of his principal 
officers, were at once arrested and 
thrown in prison. Sloughter. who was 
a mere thing of putty, was persuaded 
,by these conspirators to call what was 
designated a special court of Oyer and 
Terminer to try these prisoners. Leisler 
and Millbourno. knowing that their 
conviction and death was a foregone 



conclusion with this packed tribunal, 
refused to sanction the farce by a "plea 
of guilty" or "not guilty," but stood 
"mute" as it was then called. 

This so-called court, with indecent 
haste, found them guilty and sentenced 
them to death by hanging, mutilation 
of their corpses and confiscation of all 
their property. Sloughter, however, 
seems to have had a little idea of what 
was proper, for under date of May 2nd, 
1691, he writes to Lord Inchiquin in 
England. After informing him of the 
"conviction of Leisler and his accom- 
plices" by a court of Oyer and Termin- 
er, adds "I am not willing to proceed 
but upon extreme necessity and until 
his majesty shall have information and 
his pleasure be known." If Sloughter 
had pursued this course the colonial 
history of New York, and his own 
memory would have been saved from a 
disgraceful stain. 

The arch conspirators, however, well 
understood that a review of Leisler's 
case by intelligent and disinterested 
men. would defeat their vindictive pur- 
pose. They at once took measures to 
change the governor's intention. We 
have no sure means of knowing what 
private representations they made' to 
him, although many grave and scandal- 
ous rumors and reports were circulated 
among the people. We have, however, 
the records of their public proceedings, 
made up by them in the best shape they 
could put it. The following is their 
record, on the 11th of May. 1691, at a 
council held at Fort William Henry, 
New York: 

"Present: Governor Henry Slough- 
ter, Frederick Phillips. William Nicolls. 
Nicholas Bayard, Stephen VanCortlandt 
and Oabriel Monville, of the council." 

Then they go on to say that Governor 
Sloughter inquires "what is best lor 
the peace of the country, as he was 
about to go to Albany" (then a trip of 
about two weeks). With one voice, 
showing previous collusion, they re- 
plied, "that to iirevent insurrection in 
the future and to preserve the gover- 
nor's authority, it was absolutely nec- 
essary that the death sentence against 
Leisler and Millbourne be forthwith 
executed." 

At this time there was not the least 
danger of insurrection yet with this 
bold lie, they induced the governor to 
sign the death warrant. Two days 
later, such was their haste, May 16. 
1691, Jacob Leisler and Jacob Mill- 
bourne were strangled to death in the 
city of New York. They both met their 
death like christians and brave men. 
Thev asserted their innocence to the 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOX MOUTH. 



last and declared that what they had 
done was for the protestant religion 
and in the interest of King William 
and Queen Mary. Thus was consum- 
mated one of the darkest crimes in the 
annals of the State and colony of New 
York. 

We cannot now realize the deep 
anger and lasting resentment aroused 
among the friends and supporters of 
Leisler, particularly in Kings county, 
L. I., where he had a numerous follow- 
ing. 

These men never forgot or forgave 
the aristocratic clique which with bit- 
ter malice and false pretenses had 
hunted these men to death. It affected 
and influenced the politics of New York 
down to the revolutionary war, when 
the "dangerous Democratic ideas," 
which Ingoldsby spoke of in one of his 

of the Leisler troubles, were trium- 
phant. The whole case, however, came 
before the English government a few 
years later. In 1695 an act was passed 
by the House of Lords and Commons 
and approved by the King, righting 
this foul injustice so far as was possi- 
ble. This act is entitled 6 i- 7 William 
111. Anno 1695. The following is the 
last section of the act. 

"That said conviction, judgment and 
attainder of Jacob Leisler and Jacob 
Millbourne, deceased, and Abraham 
Governeur, and any of them, be and are 
repealed, revoked, made and declared 
null and void to all intents and con- 
structions whatsoever, as if never 

This was a sweeping and full vindi- 
cation of those victims to partizan mal- 
ice and personal hate on the part of 
the government of Great Britain. ■ It 
restored to their families the property 



that had be 






this time the celebrated Minister of 
Xew England, Rev. Increase Mather. 
writes under date of January 20, 1696: 

"I am afraid that the guilt of inno- 
cent blood is still crying in the ears of 
the Lord against you. My Lord Bell- 
raont said to me 'that he was one of 
the committee of Parliament who ex- 
amined the matter, and those men. 
(Leisler and Millbourne) were not only 
murdered but barbariously murdered.' 
However, the murdered nun have been 
cleared by the King, Lords and Com- 
mons, etc." 

If such was the opinion of disinter- 
ested men, far removed from the scene 
of the troubles, the reader can judge 
hew deep and bitter was the anger of 
the friends and supporters of Leisler 
and i!e relatives of the other men im- 



prisoned and convicted with him. Many 
of these men were alarmed. If Leisler 
and Millbourne could thus be executed 
and their property seized what securi- 
ty is the re for any of us'? was a natural 
inquiry. The young men about to leave 
home and make a settlement elsewhere 
looked around to see if there was some 
place Where they would be safe, where 
laws would be equitably administered 
and where there would be lull liberty 



Jer 



the 



The 



had offered liberal 
terms to all persons who would settle 
on their lands, for without inhabitants 
their lands were worthless. Some of 
these proprietors, like the merchants 
in London, were influenced solely by 
mercenary considerations. Others, like 
William Penn and Robert Barclay, by 
philanthropic and conscientious mo- 
tives. Robert Barclay of Aberdeen. 
Scotland, had been made governor of 
New Jersey. He was famous as a 
scholar and writer and for his philan- 
thropy. He was a son of Robert Bar- 
clay, who at one time had served as a 
soldier under Gustavus Adolphus of 
Sweden, but in after years became a 
convert to the Friends. He is cele- 
brated by John G. Whittier in h<s poem 
entitled Barclay of Ury. He had 
brought up his son in the tenets of 
the Quakers or Friends. It was through 
this son that many of the persecuted 

been released from prison and directed 
to New Jersey. These prominent 
Friends were for several years the 
managing or controlling men in the 



go\ 



Quakers themselves 
persecution and the; 
and non resistance, 
ance to all that no 
occur under their ( 
deed was the case. 



Thi 



itably and 
ued. The 
ered bitter 



per 



)ld 



lent, as in- 

liam Penn's 

tower of strength. A 

named Arent Sonmans, 

ter Sonmans, after his 

proprietor and owned 



ind 



nouth counties, 
lsed his influence 



the government 
the judicial mui 
bourne and the 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



who controlled the government of New 
Jersey, which induced so many of the 
young men to remove from the towns 
and villages of New York and settle in 
Monmouth, Middlesex and Somerset 
counties. This chapter in the colonial 
history of New York has never had the 
attention and consideration it deserved. 
It led to serious and far reaching re- 
sults. Bayard and' VanCortland, who 
had been so active in this injustice and 
outrage, were connected by blood with 
the patroons of New York. The wealth, 
influence and power of these men were 
used to suppress and smother as far as 
they could this disgraceful deed. They 
then controlled public matters almost 
as completely as Bill Tweed did in his 
day. Therefore, men were afraid to 
speak out and call things by their real 
names. Like the railroad corporations 
and Standard oil corporation and others 
of like character they had patronage 
and power. They could reward or 
punish. Thus ambitious men who 



wanted oltice, selfish men who wanted 
money, society men who wanted intro- 
duction and timid or cowardly men 
afraid of injury, and all the rest who 
were governed by self interest and cool 
calculation, did not speak out, but 
wound, turned and twisted their way 
so as to keep in with both factions or 
parties. Right, too, on the heels of the 
Leisler difficulty came the interference 
of Lord Cornbury with the church. His 
arbitrary efforts to establish Episco- 
pacy and his assumption of power over 
other denominations deepened the dis- 
content with the government of New 
York. The quarrels and contention and 
troubles in the Dutch churches of 
Kings county, L. I., from 1705 to 1714 
and the government interference with 
them also disgusted the Smocks, Van- 
Brunts, Luysters and other Dutch 
people and sent the young men over to 
New Jersey where they at least could 
worship as they pleased. 



CONFLICT BETWEEN LEWIS MORRIS AND THE 
PEOPLE OF MIDDLETOWN. 



Jacob VanDorn, as the name is now 
spelled, with his brother-in-law, Arie 
(Adrian) Bennett, removed from what 
is now a part of Brooklyn, then known 
as Gowanus, to Monmouth county in 
the year 1697 or 98, just two centuries 
ago. He married about 1694 Marytje, 
(Maria or Mary) a daughter of Arian 
Williamse Bennett and Angenietje 
VanDyke, his wife, who then resided at 
Gowanus. Jacob VanDorn became a 
communicant in the Dutch church of 
Brooklyn in 1695. Our records in the 
Monmouth County Clerk's Office show 
that John Reid, a Scotchman, who was 
quite prominent in public affairs of 
this county between 1690 and 1720. and 
who was a faithful agent for some of 
the Scotch proprietors, conveyed to 
Richard Salter, by deed dated Decem- 
ber 23, 1689, recorded in Book H of 
Deeds, page 325, part of his land called 
Hortencia. lying principally in what is 
now Marlboro township and likely run- 
ning over into what is now Holmdel 
township, for Freehold township in 
1689 had not been set off from Middle- 
town township. In this deed it is stated 
that the lands conveyed begin where 
"West Branch comes into Hop brook at 
a place called Promontoria." John 
Reid, who was an intelligent and pru- 
dent man, had doubtless satisfied the 



Indians and also procured a legal title 
from the proprietors of East Jersey for 
this tract of land prior to his transfer 
to Salter. 

Under date of April 2, 1697. Salter 
assigns this deed to "Adrian Bennett 
and Jacob VanDorn of Gowanus, Kings 
county, Island of Nassau," (Long Is- 
land). This assignment is recorded in 
Book H of Deeds, page 32 7. and was a 
very singular method to convey real 
estate. The number of acres is not 
stated. It appears that Bennett, Van- 
Dorn and Salter were thrown together 
by this business transaction and that 
Salter must have gained the good will 
and friendship of those two men by his 
fair and kind treatment of them; for 
only a year or two later we find Ben- 
nett and VanDorn resisting the sheriff 
of the county, John Stewart, and pre- 
venting him from arresting Salter. Our 
court records show that for their ac- 
tion in this matter they brought upon 
themselves the vengeance of the notor- 
ious Lewis Morris of "Tintern Manor." 
as he or his uncle, the first Lewis Mor- 
ris, had named it. This place is now 
known as Tinton Falls, in Monmouth 



The 



Jtes of the 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



entered at the instance of, and no doubt 
dictated by, Lewis Morris himself, for 
a in ■« clerk, Drummond, also a Scotch- 
man, had just been appointed and he 
had no experience in making- up the 
court records. The following is a cor- 
rect copy of this record: 

"A Court of Inquiry held at Shrewsbury for 
the county of .Monmouth, the 27th day of 
August. 1700. 

Lewis Morris, President. 
Samuel Leonard, \ 
Jedediah Allen, ! 
Samuel Dennis. [' Justices. 

Anthony Pintard. ) 
The Grand Jury of Inquiry' for present ser- 



John Reid. (a Scotchman). 

Jeremiah Stillwell, Alexander Adams 

John Slocum. Thomas Webley, 

Thomas Hewett, Patrick Cannon, : 

Abiah Edwards. James Melven. ; 

John West, Peter Embiey, * 

John Leonard Samuel Hopenge. 

William Layton. William Hoge. 



TIl.s. 



rked 



ith 



('■') 



Sr.it,-!, n 



After taking the oath Lewis Morris 
charged them. We have no record of 
what he said, but judging by his other 
writings, when angered, it was a vio- 
lent harangue for the jury to indict 
Jacob VanDorn, Arie Bennett and the 
other persons who had resisted his pet 
sheriff, John Stewart, also a Scotchman. 
The jury were almost, outside of John 
Reid, the foreman, and the other 
Scotchman, made up of his retainers 
and henchmen in Shrewsbury township. 
The justices, also, who set with him 
had all been lately appointed at his 
suggestion by the Scotch governor. An- 
drew Hamilton. In plain words this 
jury was packed by Lewis Morris for 
the express purpose of indicting Jacob 
VanDorn, Adrian (Arie) Bennett and 
others of the Middletown people. They 
soon returned the following indictment, 
which had probably been drawn up by 
Lewis Morris himself and given to 
some of his agents on this grand jury. 
The following is a true copy of this in- 
dictment: 

"August ye 27th. 1700. — We, jurors presen 
Richard Salter, John Bray. James Stout, David 
Stout, Benjamin Stout, Cornelius Compton 
William Bowne, Thomas Hankinson, Jacob 
VanDorn, Arian Bennett. Thomas Sharp, 
jamin Cook. Robert James. Thomas Estill 
Samuel, a servant of Salter, for riotously as- 
sembling on the 17th of July and assau 
John Stewart, Hi:-di Sheriff, and Henry Leon- 
ard, in the path near house of Alexandei 
Adatrs and beat and previously wounded these 
said persons, took their swords from them, 
carried them away and kept them to the value 



of five pounds, money of this province. 

breach of the peace and terror of the kii 

liese people. Signed in behalf of the rest 

JOHN REID, rWeman. 



honest men, who 
in a plain unoster 
commanded the r 
pie of Middletowr 



nd hon< 


st citi- 


wnship 


at the 


which 


throws 


subject 


There 


• -ds t 


throw 


the characters 


iichurd 


Harts- 


1 a jhtl 


nrward. 




»ir duty 




r. They 



ith 



DUld i 



ther 



and 



than that one was an An J 
the other a Quaker and that they had 
d< feated a bill to tax the people for the 
maintenance of the Episcopal priests 
and prelates, as in England. 



True copy of Andrew Bowne 
Richard Hartshorne account of 
trouble from pages 327-8-9 of Vo 
New Jersey Archives. 

"East Jersey, Mid<llet..\vn ye 23d July, 
&c— Yours of 6th of April last come t 
hands, it being the first we received frorr 
for which we thank you ; but could have 
ed you had sent us a more certain accoi. 



nid 



it of 



the seitlen 



Lirh, 



departure <>i Mr. Shiter, 0,1. Hamilton | the 
usurping Governor at that date] hath put Mr. 
Morris [Lewis Morris of Tinton Falls] into 
commission of his council and justice, believ- 
ing him to be the only man that can make 
the province submit to him as governor, with- 
out the king's approbation, and in order to 
effect it they turned out an Englishman who 
was sheriff and put in a Scotchman, |John 
Stewart, who resided in what is now Eaton- 
town township], who they thought would obey 
them without reserve. And it is said M-'iris 



'■IV 






making the people submit to Col. Hamilton or 
he will embrue the province in blood. In 
order to which they seized upon several per- 
sons intending to force them to give security 
for their good behaviour, which one of them 
refused to do, and so continued in the sheriffs 
custody. This the people took greveiously, it 
being harvest time, and they had given out 
warrants to seize Richard Salter and others. 
And the sheriff [John Stewart with warrant 
issued by Lewis Morris, Justice] had like to 
have taken him. Which some of his neigh- 
bors understanding went and met the sheriff 
[John Stewart with his deputy. Henry Leon- 
ard], banged him, broke his head and sent 
him packing, upon which, as we are informed, 
the people resolved to meet on Friday, the 19th 
day of July, in order to go and fetch home 
him that was in the sheriff's hands, upon 
which Morris and Leonard, [Lewis Morris and 
Samuel Leonard] dispatched an express [man 
on horseback to ride fast] for Governor Ham- 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



ilton [he then resided at Burlington City] who 
immediately came to them, [at Tinton FallsJ. 
They pressed about fifty men [Morris' hench- 
men in Shrewsbury township and his Scotch 
contingent around Freehold, likely] and came 
on 19th of July [only two days after Sheriff 
John Stewart and Henry Leonard had been 
thrashed] in arms [with suns and other wea- 
pons] to Middletown [the village] and came to 
the ordinary [the tavern or public house, 
which then stood where George Bowne's dwell- 
ing now, 1898. stands] and there inquired for 
said Salter and one Bray [John Bray]. Then 
they marched off [went back to Tinton Falls | 
The people of Middletown [township] were as- 
sembled to the number of about 100 [another 
account says about 150 men] but without arms, 
only sticks [mild term for clubs] yet had it 
not been for the persuasion of some much in 
the public favor there would have been broken 
heads if not further mischief, the said justices 
having persuaded the person in the sheriff's 
hands to give security for his good behavior 
the day before this meeting. In this position 
things stand in this county and we believe that 
throughout the province, including the Scotch, 
there is six to one against owning Col. Ham- 
ilton Governor, and almost all bitterly against 
Morris, whom they look upon as the first man 
[as indeed he was] that opposed government. 
ANDREW BOWNE, 
RICHARD HARTSHORNE, 

One of ye Council." 

Some of our local Newark historians 
have in their one-sided efforts to eulo- 
gize Lewis Morris, spoken in a slight- 
ing way of Captain Andrew Bowne. 
There is no evidence to justify this in 
our early records. He was a plain, out- 
spoken, sincere man who always stood 
four square in his tracks. He could 
not cajole or natter like Lewis Morris 
when he wanted favors, neither could 
he abuse in bitter fashion his oppon- 
ents, like Morris. He had no such com- 
mand of vituperative language, but 
what he said he meant, and he was al- 
ways consistent. Those who knew him 
best (his neighbors of Monmouth coun- 
ty) respected him, while Lewis Morris 
was detested for his arbitrary and un- 
scrupulous efforts to further his own 
interests even when he sat as judge of 
our county courts. He was constantly 
in law suits, during the years running 
from 1692 to 1698, and his influence and 
that of his cousin, Lewis Morris, of 
Passage Point, who was also a justice, 
gave him a decided advantage over the 
people he sued. The attempt of Gov- 
ernor Hamilton and Lewis Morris to 
overawe and intimidate the people of 
Middletown by an armed body of men 
failed. It ought to have been evident 
to them that the people of Middletown 
would not submit. They were dis- 



tinctly informed to this effect and had 
warning of what would happen and 
what did happen at Middletown village 
on the 25th of March, 1701, 

This record of that court as it stands 
on the minutes in the clerk's office was 

•idently entered at the dictation of 



Lev 



Mm lis 



rho 



the 



presiding 



judge of the county courts. This rec- 
ord represents the people of Middle- 
town as breaking up this court, taking 
Governor Hamilton and the county 
officials prisoners, out of sympathy 
with a self confessed pirate, who had 
served under the notorious Capt. Kidd. 
and in order to rescue him from the 
officers of the law. This was a grave 
and serious charge and one very likely 
to be noticed and punished by the Eng- 
lish government. Piracy, however, was 
an offense outside of the jurisdiction of 
the Monmouth courts as it occurs on 
the high seas and it is cognizable only 
in Admiralty courts. So Lewis Morris 
failed to bring upon the people of Mid- 
dletown the vengeance of the home 
government. He however, sent a cer- 
tified copy of the court record to the 
English government backed up by a 
long communication. He also wrote 
about the same time to the Bishop of 
London saying that the people of Mid- 
dletown were the "most ignorant and 
wicked people on earth and have no 
such thing as church or religion among 
them." He also, a short time after his 
captivity at Middletown, went to Eng- 
land, in order to accomplish his vindic- 
tive or ambitious designs. 

Jacob VanDorn and Arie Bennett, al- 
though indicted and harassed for some 
time by the officers, were never brought 
to trial, for the proprietors of New 
Jersey surrendered the next year (1702) 
their right of government to the Eng- 
lish crown. Lord Cornbury and other 
new officials came into power who ig- 
nored entirely all the old disputes and 
quarrels. 

This old record, while unexplained, 
throws a dark shadow on the charac- 
ters of Jacob VanDorn and Arie 
(Adrian) Bennett, but when real facts 
are understood, it appears that they 
stood up manfully without regard to 
consequences to protect their friend, 
Richard Salter, and resist the tyran- 
nical and illegal acts of a usurping 
governor and his pretended officers of 
the law. It speaks well for their res- 
olution, courage and intelligence. 



JACOB VAN DORN AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 



Betw :en 1697 and 1701. Jacob Van- 
Dorn became the sole owner in fee of 
675 acres of land in what is now Holm- 
del and Marlboro townships. This 
tract lies west of Pleasant Valley, and 
was joined on the east by lands of Jan 
Schenck and on the west by part of 
lands of Albert Couwenhoven. It runs 
from the southwest corner of Pleasant 
Valley over to what is now called 
Hillsdale, near Bradevelt station and 
the Brick church. This is a small val- 
ley running- west from Pleasant Valley. 
Jacob VanDorn's land included all this 
valley and ran up into the hills on each 
side. It was covered with the prim- 
eval forests and undrained swamps 
when he settled there. At the north- 
west corner of the original 675 acres is 
a tract of woodland now (1898) owned 
by Hon. Daniel P. VanDorn of Free- 
hold, which has come down to him by 
descent from the first Jacob VanDorn, 
the pioneer settler. 

Jacob VanDorn erected his first 
dwelling, probably a log cabin, on the 
rising ground or knoll where the resi- 
dence of the late Thomas Ely stands. 
just west of the mill pond and on the 
north side of the road from Holmdel 
to the Brick church. Over this road 
the VanDorns, Scheneks, Couwen- 
hovens and Hendricksons, of Pleasant 
Valley and vicinity, travelled every 
Sunday to attend services at the First 
Dutch church for over one hundred 
years. After a few years the log 
house gave way to a more substantial 
and convenient dwelling, erected on 
the same site. Here Jacob VanDorn 
lived and died. On the stream which 
Mows down from the hills, only a 
stone's throw east from his residence. 
Jacob VanDorn built a dam and erected 
a grist mill as early as 1714, if not 
earlier. This mill was a great con- 
venience to the settlers for lour or five 
miles around, and it shows that Jacob 
VanDorn was a practical, energetic 
man. who understood the needs of that 
community. This mill remained on the 
same site until 1829. when Sheriff John 
J. Ely, who was then the owner, erect- 
ed a new mill about 200 yards further 



dov 



the 



.'her 



re- 



i-:i> 



diec 




,-eei 


i April 


24, 171: 




id March 


21. 


1720. 


I 


do not 


know ' 


whi 


?re he is 


bur 


ied, u 


nlei 


is on hi 


s farm, 


as 


was then 


the 


CUSt. 


Dm. 


He w 


as qui 


te : 


.-oung at 


the 


time 


of 


his dea 


th, and 




'St of his 


children 


wei 


'e rainoi 


•s. His 


wi 


fe, Mary- 


tje - 


Benn 


ett. 


survived him 




ny years. 


and 


is said 


to have been 


an 


excellent 






md 




3t devc 


ted 


mother. 


Jacob Va 


nDorn left 


a last ■* 


vill 


executed 



1719. He de 
id half of his 



ill t. 



Ian. Is 



;ldes 



Aure. or Arie, and the other half to 
his fourth son, Jacob. He also directs 
them to pay £75 to each of his other 
children except Isaac, his youngest 
son, who is to have £37 more than the 
others. Aure and Jacob VanDorn mar- 
ried sisters, daughters of their nearest 
neighbor. Jan Schenck, and run the mill 
together. After Aure's death in 1748 
Jacob, occupied his 



of the 



id the 



and 



died unmarried Septembe 
then Jacob Couwenhov 
sister. Mary VanDorn* who married 
John Jacobse Couwenhoven of Middle- 
town village, came into the ownership 
of it. Jacob Couwenhoven erected a 
large and commodious dwelling on the 
site where Jacob VanDorn had erected 
his log house and his second dwelling. 
This house, although remodeled and 
latered, is still standing and bids fail- 
to outlast the showy and flimsy build- 
ings of today. Jacob Couwenhoven 
died April 28, 1815. and left the real 



property to hi 


s sons, Aaron, 


Ru 


liph 


and Isa 


ac. who 


lost it, and in 


the : 


rear 


1822, it 


was boi 


ight by Sheriff 


Joh 


n J. 


Ely, an 


d has be. 


?n since occupied by 


his 




nc, Will 


iam and Thuii 




Ely, 


and their heiis. 


Under the fir 


st Jacob 


VanDoi 


•n's will, 


the western ha 


If of 


the 


675 acr 


es adjacs 


:nt to Hillsdale 


was 


as- 


Mary 


VanDorn 


and John Jacohse Couwen- 


hoven had the fol 


lowinn children: 










January 19, 1762 






Antje, 


baptized 


January 18, 1 


753 : 


died 



Saartje, baptized June 15, 1755, married 
May 1, 1 77H. Juris Smock, who was born Nov- 
ember 24. 1754, and died December 7, 1834. 
His wife died March 30. 1794. 

Arie, baptized April 13, 1760. 

Catrena. baptized April 30. 1764. 

Antje, baptized September 5. 1773. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MO.XMOCTH. 



signed to and occupied by his fourth 
son. Jacob VanDorn. and on this he 
lived and brought up his family. 

The eldest son, Jacob, who afterward 
owned and resided on the eastern half 
of the VanDorn homestead and ran the 
mills, married three times and had fif- 
teen children. His first wife, Arriantje 
Couwenhoven. was baptized September 
25, 1746, and was the daughter of Jacob 
Jacobse Couwenhoven, and Margaret 
Couwenhoven, his wife, who was a 
daughter of William Couwenhoven and 
Arriantje Bennett. By this wife Jacob 
Couwenhoven had the following chil- 
dren: 

John, married November 25. 
Brunt. 

Jacob, married September 2 
ine Schenck. 

Margaret. married February 18, 1798, 
Schuyler Schenck. 

Mary, who died unmarried, and always re- 
tained a room in the dwelling house where 
Thomas Ely lived, and where her father died. 

Smock, 



9, Ann Van- 
799, Cathar- 



By his se 


cond w 


ife, Eleanc 


whom he r 


narried 


December 


he had: 







Elizabeth, married Fehruarv 9. 1803, Daniel, 
a son of Dominie DuBois. 

Anne, married November 18, 1806, Sidney 
Denise, who was baptized January 30, 1788, 
and was a son of Judge Denyse Denyse and 
Catharine Schenck. his wife, a sister of Capt. 
John Schenck, the famous patriot soldier of 
Pleasant Valley. 

By his third 



he had: 

Ellen, married April 3, 1811, Peter Schenck. 

Ruliph, married first. Ellen VanCleaf. sec- 
ond. Maria VanCleaf. daughters of Joseph 
VanCleaf and Nelly Schenck. his wife. 

Aaron, married a Miss Bray. 

Jane, married February 3, 1820, Peter Gar- 



Sarah, married John French. 
Caty. married John Frost. 
Arinthia, died unmarried. 
Peter, died when a little child. 

Jacob Couwenhoven's will was made 
April 24. 1815, proved June 22. 1815, 
recorded in Book A of Wills, pages 703, 
in Monmouth county Surrogate's office. 

The second Jacob VanDorn built a 
good and substantial dwelling on his 
half of his father's lands about 1753. 
When Jacob died, his son, Peter Van- 
Dorn, lived there, brought up a large 
family and died there. Then his son- 
in-law, Elisha Holmes, occupied the 



house and part of the 317 acres orig- 
inally assigned to second Jacob. Many 
of the old people now living remember 
Elisha Holmes. 

The first Jacob VanDorn, by his wile. 
Marytje Bennett, had ten children, all 
of whom were reared on the home- 
stead at Holmdel. viz: 

Arie or Aure (sometimes confounded with 
and spelled Aaron in English! his oldest son. 
was born about 1695 in Gowanus. (Brooklyn] 
married about 1730. Antje. daughter of Jan 
Schenck and Sara Couwenhoven, his wife, and 
died September 4, 1748, and is buried in the 
Schenck-Couwenhoven grave yard. His tomb- 
stone gives his age as 52 years and 8 months. 
His wife survived him for a number of years. 
He had one son, Jacob, baptized January 1st, 
1734, and died September 9th, 1785, unmar- 
ried, aged 52 years. 9 months and 9 days : in- 
terred by his father. He had four daughters. 

Mary, baptized March 31, 1731, married 
John Jacobse Couwenhoven of Middletown 

Sarah, born about 1736, died unmarried. 

Ann, baptized March 25. 1738, married Cy- 
renius VanMater. who lived near Stone Hill, 
north of Colts Neck. 

Neeltje, or Eleanor, baptized May 16th. 1742. 
married first Hendrick Smock of Freehold 
township, and second Garret Hendriekson of 
Mi.ldktown township: interred in Schenck- 
Couwenhoven yard. She died February 13, 
1834. aged 90 years. 10 months and 8 days. 

Engeltje, (Angelina) born about 1697. and 
about 1,18 married Roelof. son of the first 
Garret Schenck and Neeltje Voorhees, his wife. 

Her husband was known as "Brewer 
Roelof'Schenck to distinguish him from 
his cousin. "Black Roelof Schenck. He 
resided on a farm lying on the north- 
west side of Pleasant Valley, adjoining 
'that of his father-in-law on the north. 
This couple had eleven children. Some 
of them settled in Somerset and Hun- 
terdon counties and there cleared 
farms and raised families. Some in 
each generation went further and fur- 
ther west, and ever opening up the 
wilderness for farm lands, until now 
their descendants are found in all the 
northern tier of states to the Pacific 
ocean. And wherever they settled in 
the west, if sufficiently numerous to 
control public sentiment, (and it did 
not take very many of them to do this! 
u e hoar of no cowardly and horrible 
tales of lynching helpless and lonely 
prisoners in jail, but the orderly ad- 
ministration of the law, that no one 
should suffer death unless first proved 
guilty before a fair jury. 

Wherever they wont they took their 
Bibles, their homely virtues, plain 
ways and industrious habits. And 
while they never claimed any hub 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



iness and perfection from all sins, and 
never boasted of being Pilgrims or the 
sons of Pilgrims, and above earthly 
things with all their hopes fixed on a 
crown of gold and harp in Heaven, yet 
they tried to live without wronging 
other people in w^ord or deed, to im- 
prove and build up the country and 
start their children on an honest and 
industrious path in life. 

Christyjan. (Chl'istain) baptized September 
17, 1699, married Altje, daughter of Jan 
Schenck and Sarah Couwenhoven, his wife. 

She was baptized May 25th, 1705. and 
died at Middlebush, Somerset county. 
N. J., in 1801. It is said that when 95 
years old she rode every Sunday when 
the weather permitted to the Dutch 
church at New Brunswick six miles 
from her home. 

Christian VanQorn removed from 
Monmouth to Somerset county about 
1723. He purchased a tract of 525 acres 
in the north side of the present Amwell 
road at Middlebush. He let his young- 
er brother, Abraham, who also came at 
a later date to Middlebush. have 166 
acres on the north of the 359 acres 
which he retained. 

Abraham VanDorn is said to have 
served as sheriff of Somerset county. 
20 consecutive years, and was highly 
respected for his business qualities. In 
1752. while Rev. John Leydt was pastor 
of the Dutch church at New Bruns- 
wick. Christain and Abraham VanDorn 
were both in the consistory, one as dea- 
con and the other as elder. They fol- 
lowed in their father's steps. He was 
the first deacon of the Dutch church in 
Monmouth, when the church was or- 
ganized in 1709, and his son Abraham 
was the first child baptized after the 
installation of Joseph Morgan, the pas- 
tor, by Rev. Bernardu.s Freeman, from 
Long Island. 

Christain VanDorn. by his wife, Altje 
Schenck. (sometimes spelled Alchy) 
had 17 children, all of whom grew up, 
married and had large families, except 
one named Roelof. At the time of her 
death. 1S01. Altje Schenck VanDorn 
had 17 children, 129 grand. 200 great 
grand and six great great grandchil- 
dren, in all 352 descendants. For the 
names of Christain VanDorn's children, 
whom they married and where they 
settled, and some account of their des- 
cendants, see an article by Hon. Ralph 
Voorhees. on the VanDorn family in 
Somerset county in August. 1873. num- 
ber of "Our Home," a monthly maga- 
zine then published by A. V. D. Honev- 
man at Sotnerville, \. J., pages 337 to 



Wilhelm (William) VanDorn, born 
about 1701. married Altje. daughter of 
Cornelius Couwenhoven and Margaret 
Schenck, his wife, of Pleasant Valley, 
and died young without children. His 
widow married for her second husband 
Cornelius Middach. 

Jacobus (Jacob) VanDorn, born Jan- 
uary 21. 1703. baptized in Brooklyn 
April 27th, 1703. married first Marvtje. 
daughter of Jan Schenck and Sarah 
Couwenhoven. his wife. This made 
three sisters of this Schenck family 
who married into this VanDorn family. 
Marytje Schenck was born August 8, 
1712, and died October 31, 1756. 

Jacob VanDorn married a second 
wife, Rachel. daughter of Garret 
Schenck and Neeltje Voorhees, his wife, 
also of Pleasant Valley, and a cousin 
to his first wife. She was at this time 
the widow of Guysbert Longstreet of 
Squan (Manasquan). Jacob VanDorn 
died February 26. 1779, on the western 
half of his father's lands, containing 
about 317 acres. He had by his first 
wife seven sons and three daughters 
of whom more hereafter. 

Augenietje. baptized March 29, 1705, 
married about 1729, William Wyckoff, 
who lived near Monmouth court house 
or Freehold village. This couple had 
five sons and six daughters. One of 
their sons, Jacob Wyckoff, born 1730. 
and died March 5, 1812, married Sarah 
Couwenhoven, granddaughter of Jacob 
Couwenhoven of Middletown. and \vho 
is named in his will. She was born 
1733 and died August 25th, 1796. Their 
son William, was a colonel in the Rev- 
olutionary war and was the father of 
Nathaniel Scudder Wyckoff, one of the 
principal farmers and land owners in 
what is now Manalapan township, dur- 
ing the early part of the present cen- 
tury. Another son of William Wyckoff 
and Augenietje VanDorn was Peter 
Wyckoff, who was a guide or aid to 
General Washington at the battle of 
Monmouth, and was also the grand- 
father of the famous "Chevelier Henry 
Wyckoff," once editor of the Democrat- 
ic Review. Some of the descendants of 
this William Wyckoff and Augenietje 
VanDorn settled in Louisiana and 
other? at Easton. Pa. The late Col. 
Wyckoff who fell at the head of his 
regiment in the battle of Santiago, 
Cuba, is said to be a descendant of this 
Easton branch. 

Katrintje (Catharine), born 1707. 
married a Cornelius Wyckoff, supposed 
to be from Long Island or Somerset 
county. 

Brom, (Abraham) baptized October 
20. 1709. bring the first child baptized 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



in the Dutch church of Monmouth. His 
father was a deacon at this time. He 
removed to Somerset county, N. J., and 
settled on the north part of the tract 
purchased by his brother, Christain 
VanDorn, at Middlebush. He became 
sheriff of Somerset county, and one of 
the leading and influential men of that 
day. Whom he married I am unable to 
say, but it is said he married a For- 

Peter, baptized September 2. 1701, 
and was drowned at Shoal Harbour, 
(now Port Monmouth) when a young 
man and unmarried. 

Isaak (Isaac) baptized March i3, 
1715. He remained a bachelor and 
lived near the old VanDorn homestead 
and carried on a tannery, shoemaker 
shop and country store. 

Jacob VanDorn, the fourth son above 
named, owned and occupied under his 
father's will, about 317 acres, the west- 
ern half of the tract next to Hillsdale. 
He built the dwelling house where 
Elisha Holmes resided until his death. 
In 1715, while sick, he executed a will 
now in possession of Hon. Daniel P. 
VanDoren of Freehold. 

He afterward recovered and lived 
many years, or until 1779. He had 
other children born after this date, so 
he cut off his signature from this will 
and so cancelled it. He probably made 
a later will. With exception of his 
signature the paper remains unaltered. 
It shows, however, exactly what chil- 
dren he then had, what disposition he 
intended of his property and also what 
friends he trusted to look after his 
minor children and carry out his wish- 
es. In short, he speaks for himself in 
this will and I think it important that 
a copy should be preserved in print. It 
will interest his numerous descendants 
now residing in many states of our 
union. 

True copy of second Jacob VanDorn's 



"In the grave yard of Old Scots burying 
ground we find a tombstone inscribed "Ele- 
anor, wife of Abraham VanDorn, daughter of 
Jonathan and Margaret Forman, who died 
May 22, 1733, aged 20 years." Jonathan For- 
man married Margaret Wyckoff and became a 
communicant of the Dutch church in 1714. His 
wife no doubt brought up her children accord- 
ing to Dutch manners and customs and so the 
Forman children, like the Holmes, became 
Dutchmen through intermarriage with a more 
vigorous and sturdy race. I think his .laugh- 
ter Elinor married this Abraham VanDorn. 
who removed to Somerset county, but he lost 
her almost as soon as he married her. accord- 
ing to the inscription on this tombstone. 



will made in 1715. and afterward can- 
celled by him: 

"In name of God, Amen. I, Jacob VanDorn 
of Freehold, in the county of Monmouth and 
Eastern Division of the Province of New Jer- 
sey, Yeoman, this 28th day of May, A. D. 1745, 
being very weak in body but of sound and 
perfect mind and memory, do make, ordain 
and constitute this my last will and testa- 

Imprimis: I resign my soul into the hands 
of God, my great and glorious Creator, who 
gave it me, and my body to the earth in hopes 
of a glorious resurrection at the last day 
through the merits of my blessed redeemer. 
Jesus Christ our Lord, to be buried at the dis- 
cretion of my executors hereinafter mentioned. 
And as for my temporal estate, which God, in 
mercy hath given to me, my will and desire 
is that my funeral charges first be paid, and 
all my other just and lawful debts discharged 
and the remainder to be disposed of as follows. 

Item : I give 
as she shall ren 
of the farm I n. 
longing to it ; and if she should marry again. 
I give unto her £100 of this currency at 8 
shillings the ounce to be levyed out of my 
movable estate. 

Item: I give unto my eldest son named 
Jacob, three and one quarter parts of my es- 
tate : it being divided into sixteen equal parts 
(viz: all my estate both real and personal). 

Item : I give unto my second son named 
John, three sixteenths parts of my estate, both 

Item : I give unto my third son named Wil- 
liam, two and three quarters of sixteenth 
parts of my estate, both real and personal. 

Item: I give unto my fourth son named 
Isaac, two and one half of the sixteenth parts 
of my estate, both real and personal. 

Item: I give unto my daughter named 
Sarah, two and one quarter of the sixteenth 
parts of my estate, both real and personal. 

Item: I give unto my youngest son named 
Aure. two and one quarter of the sixteenth 
parts of my estate, both real and personal. My 
will and desire also is, that if any of the 
above named children should die, having no 
legitimate issue, their portion to be equally 
divided between the surviving children. 

My will and desire is that my executors 
hereinafter named, and I give them full power 
and authority, if my widow should marry 
again, so to dispose of the remainder of my 
estate, as may be by them esteemed the most 
advantageous for my children. And if any of 
my said children be under age at that time to 
bind them out to such trades as they shall 
see most suitable, paying each their several 
portions as soon as they shall arrive at the 
age of twenty-one years, or as the payments 
shall come in, if they shall sell the said estate 

Item: I do hereby nominate, ordain and 
constitute Roelof Schenck. the son of John 
Schanck. and William Wyckoff of said Free- 
hold, executors of this, my last will and testa- 



Siene.i. 



tie, I 



the 



JOHN BRAY, 
ISAAC VAN DORN. 
JACOB SC1.ENCK. 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Jacob VanDorn had by his first wife, 
Maritje Schenck, the following chil- 
dren, all of whom were raised on the 
western part of the homestead tract: 

Jacob, born January 15, 1731, died October 
19. 1761, unmarried. 

John, born January 6, 1733, married about 
1756, his cousin, Augnitje. daughter of Rnelnt 
Schenek and Engeltje VanDorn, his wife. He 
removed to and settled at Peapack about 1760, 
and had sons Jacob. William and Roelof, and 
a daughter Ann. 

William, born December 3. 1736, married 
first Rachel, daughter of Guysbert Lone-street 
of Squan. (now Manasquan) and Rachel 
Schenck, his wife. She died about 1765 and 
he afterward married Mary Hunt. He re- 
moved to Peapack and had sons. Jacob and 
Gilbert, and perhaps others. He died October 



1816. 



nary I'l. 



739. and died Oct- 



Sarah. born February '20th. 1741, 
about 1761, John Antonides of Dutch Lane, at 
East Freehold, and had ten children. 

Aure. (sometimes mistaken for Aaron) 
born, September 14. 1744, married May 9, 
1765. Ghacy. youngest daughter of Jan Roe- 
lofse Schenck and Jacomyntje Couwenhoven. 
She was born February 14, 1748. and died 
February 3. 1820. She was named after her 
father's mother, Geesie Hendrickson. wife of 
Black Roelof Schenck. but as the younger gen- 
erations lost knowledge of the Dutch lan- 
guage they would spell Dutch names according 
to sound, so "Geesie" became "Ghacy," 
■•Antie" became "Onehee." "Altje" "Alchy." 
etc.. etc. This couple had known each other 
from childhood, for the homesteads lay near 
each other. Aure VanDorn and Ghacy. or 
Geesie Schenck, his wife, removed to Peapack 
and settled there. They raised a large family 
of children. General Earl VanDorn. who was 
killed in the Confederate service during the 
war of the Rebellion, was a descendant of this 
couple and not of Aaron, son of Christain 
VanDorn, as erroneously stated in a foot 
note to one of Judge Voorhees" articles in 
"Our Home" magazine of Somerville. N. J. 
See foot note on page 339 of "Our Home." in 
the year 1873. 

Mary, born November 3. 1746, married John 
Schenck of Penns Neck. He was a captain in 
the Revolutionary war. 

Isaac, born March 14. 1752, married July 3. 
1784. Anne, daughter of Garret Couwenhoven 
and Neeltje or Eleanor Schenck. his wife, who 
was born May 21. 1754, and died June 11, 
1843. Isaac VanDorn died at Middletown vil- 
lage where he lived, on the farm his only son. 
Garret VanDorn. lived and died on, as has 
been heretofore mentioned. 

Peter, born July 4, 1755, married January 9. 
1777, Jannetje. daughter of Elhert William- 



son and Williamptje Schenck, his wife.- Jan- 
netje Williamson was baptized July 12, 1758. 
Peter VanDorn lived in the home his father 
built and occupied his lands and raised a 
large family of seven sons and four daughters. 
Among his sons was one named William who 
married a daughter of Daniel Polhemus at 
Phalanx, purchased a farm in the present 
township of Marlboro about 1816, where he 
resided until his death. He left surviving him 
one son, Hon. Daniel P. VanDoren, now. 
(1898) residing in Freehold, and who still 
owns his father's farm, and one daughter, 
Jane, who married the late John Rue Perrine, 
who was among the first farmers of Manal- 
apan township during the greater part of his 
life. 

Ann, born October 27. 1756. married Lewis. 
son of Thomas Thompson, who then owned the 
old stone house on the west side of the turn- 
pike from Freehold to Smithburgh. (now El- 
ton, formerly Clayton's corner). This prop- 
erty was owned by Achsah Hendrickson. wife 
of Enoch Hendrickson. for many years. Since 
her death one Hartman has bought it. The 
private family grave yard of the Thompsons 
is on the farm. 

This Lewis Thompson was a zealous 
and active loyalist during; the revolu- 
tionary war. In courting and visiting 
his wife near Pleasant Valley he had 
become familiar with all the roads and 
byways and also with the customs and 
habits of the Dutch settlers there. 

-Children of Peter VanDorn and Jannetje 
(Jane) Williamson, his wife. 

Mary, born February 21. 1778, married Rulif 
Smock. 

Jacob, born October 13, 1779, married Gitty 
Jane Schenck. 

Elbert, born November 14. 1781, married 
Sarah Cowenhoven. 

Williampe. born April 3. 1784. married Dr. 
Benjamin DuBois, son of Dominie DuBois. 

Ann, born January 30, 1786, died young. 

John, born November 28, 1787, married 
Mary Cowenhoven. 

William, born March 2, 1790. married Cath- 
arine Polhemus, died September 2, 1850. His 
wife died the day previous. Both were buried 
at the same time in the yard of Br 

Isaac, born July 13. """ 
Hankinson, died August 16, 1858. 

Peter, born April 15. 1794, married first 
Catharine DuBois, second Elizabeth VanDer- 
veer. He died February 20. 1877. 

Arthur, born July 29. 1797, married Harriet 
VanCleaf. 

Jane, or Jannette, born April 29, 1799. mar- 
ried Klisha I olmes. She died September 27. 
1837. aged 37 years, 7 months and 
She was buried by her husband i 
Couwenhoven yard. 

Sarah, born May 31. 1803. m 
Hendrickson. who carried on 



rried Eleanor 



Schenck 
ied Pierson 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOCTH. 



Captain John Schenck, the famous 
partizan leader, resided on an adjoining 
farm, now occupied by his grandson, 
David Schenck, and near the Van- 
Dorn's. A reward of fifty guineas had 
been offered for his capture or death 
by the British. There were, several mid- 
night raids made by the Tories and 
British to capture him. Three differ- 
ent times these bands surrounded his 
house between midnight and daybreak 
to capture him. He generally slept 
out in the woods or if in his house he 
had scouts outlying who brought him 
instant word of the approaching enemy. 

On one of these occasions the Tories 
were guided or led by this Lewis 
Thompson, who had married among his 
near relatives and neighbors. Knowing 
the country. Thompson managed so 
well that Captain Schenck barely es- 
caped in his night clothes from a rear 
window and concealed himself by lying 
down in a wheat field behind his house. 
It was in June and the wheat stalks 
were high enough to hide a man lying- 
down, but so near was he that he 
could plainly hear them talk and their 
threats to his wife, and recognized this 
Lewis Thompson. When war ended 
Lewis Thompson with his wife removed 
to Nova Scotia. After remaining there 
many years and learning that the old 
bitterness and anger had died away, 
they came back to visit their relatives. 
While visiting his wile's people at 
Holmdel he went one day into a coun- 
try store kept by one of his wife's rel- 
atives. While there Captain John 
Schenck happened to enter. As soon 
as his eye fell on Thompson, he turned 
to the storekeeper, saying "Either that 
Tory rascal must go out or else I will. 
The same roof can never cover us both, 
and if I go out I shall never step foot 
on your premises again if I live a hun- 
dred years." 

Knowing that Captain Schenck would 
do just what he threatened, and that he 
would lose the custom of his large fam- 
ily connections, he turned to Thompson 
saying "You must get out of my store 
and never enter it again." So Thomp- 
son left. He died before his wife, leav- 
ing several sons and daughters. One of 
his sons became a lawyer and settled 
at Somerville, N. J. His mother went 
there to live with him after her hus- 
band's death, and died there at an ad- 
vanced age. 



Van Doren Marriages From Brick Church 
Records. 

Joseph VanDoorn and Femmetje Wyckoff, 

:. Dec. 29. 
1721. 

Arie (or Aure) VanDoorn and Geesie 
(Ghacy) Schenk. May 9. 1765. 

Catharine VanDoorn and Hugh Newel. Nov. 
1, 1773. 

Isaac VanDoorn and Anne Covenhoven. July 
3, 1785. 

Jacob VanDoorn and Gitty Schenck. Feb. 4. 
1802. 

Williampe VanDoorn and Benjamin DuBois. 
Feb. 16. 1803. 

Albert VanDoorn and Sarah Covenhoven. 
March 14, 1803. 

John VanDoorn and Mary Covenhoven, Jan. 
30, 1809. 

William VanDoorn and Catharine Polhemus. 



181c 



Arthur VanDoorn and Harriet VanCleaf. 
Jan. 6, 1817. 

Peter VanDoorn and Catharine DuBois. 



VhiiIVhu-m 



Holr 



Feb. 



1819. 

Garret VanDoorn and Willampe Coven- 
hoven. Feb. 24. 1821. 

Sarah VanDoorn and Pearson Hendrickson. 
Aug. 7. 1823. 

Margaret VanDoorn and Joseph D. Vander- 






1 v:i 



Peter VanDoorn and Elizabeth Vanderveer, 
Jan. 26. 1836. 

Jacob VanDoorn and Eliza Jane VanMater. 
Dec. 5. 1837. 

David VanDoorn and Mary H. Crawford, 
Dec. 25, 1824. 



From Inscriptions on Tombstone in Private 
Family Burying-ground on the Daniel D. 
Covenhoven Farm Near Taylor's Mills. 

Mary VanDoorn, d. March 16, 1877. 88 yrs.. 

Her husband. John VanDoorn. d. June 25. 
1864. 76 yrs., 6 mos., 27 days. 

Peter Covenhoven, d. Feb. 12, 1857. 54 yrs., 
10 mos. 

His wife, Sarah VanDoorn. d. Aug. 6. 1873. 



From Christ Church (Episcopal) Grave Yan 
Middletown Village, N. J. 

Isaac VanDorn. d. May 7. 1831 ; age 79 yrs 
1 moil., 12 days. - 

His wife. Anne Garretse Covenhoven. < 
June 11. 1843: age 89 yrs.. 21 days. 

Their son. Garret VanDorn. b. May 31. 1781 
d. Aug. 6, 1856. 

His wife. Williampe Covenhoven. b. Jan. 
1791 ; d. Jan. 31, 1874. 

William, son of Isaac and Anne VanDori 
d. Mar. 1. 1S17. age 21 yrs.. 8 mos.. 4 days. 

Mary VanDorn. daughter of Isaac and Ann 
VanDorn. d. Mar. 13. 1805; age 17 yrs.. 
mos.. 22 days. 

Jacob, son of Isaac and Anne VanDorn. t 
May 30, 1808; age 22 yrs.. 8 mos.. 4 days. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



From Brick Church Cemetery. 

Peter VanDoorn, Sen., d. Apr. 18, 1834 ; age 
78 yrs., 9 mos., 14 days. 

His wife. Jane Willemsen. (daughter of El- 
bert Willeinsen and Will. nip.. Srheiirk) d Jan 
28. 1845: ag t 8b yrs.. i! mos.. ■':; days ' 

Peter VanDoorn, d. Feb. 20. 1877 • ace 82 
yrs., 10 mos.. 5 days. 

His wife. Elizabeth Vanderveer, d. Mar. 2 
1862. age 59 yrs.. 12 days 

i3^v v r/o^t f thTw^i i i 1 5 2 8:b - Mar - 

I80™ S d W M e ar. I 2 , 8:T8 O 8 r 8 HankinSOn ' "' ^ "■ 

Peter A. VanDoorn, d. Jan. 17. 1876 ; age 71 
yrs.. 5 mos., 20 days. 

His wife. Elizabeth Kernaghan, d. Mar 5 
1869 : age 58 yrs.. 5 mos., 23 days. 

barah VanDoorn. wife of John Patterson, d 
° C ;V..'r, 3 - ' ■''- : au ' e 22 yrs " 1 mo - 24 days. 

William VanDoorn, d. Sept. 2, 1850. b. Mar 



1790. 



1797 



fe. Catharine Polhemus, b. July 16 
Sept. 1, 1850. 

st was a double funeral. In death 
life. The fine mon. 



they were unit* 

graves tells briefly the story 

Among the well known and honored 
citizens of Monmouth who have borne 
the VanDorn name was Rev. Luther 
Halsey VanDorn, a lineal descendant of 
Christain VanDorn and Altje Schenek 
his wife, of Somerset county, hereto- 
fore spoken of. He was pastor of the 
old Tennent church seventeen years. 
The children he baptized and the young- 
couples he married, are now old men 
and women scattered through the town- 
ship of Manalapan and those adjoining 
They remember, however. Dominie Van- 
Vs Plain, earnest ways and talk. 



id the 



interest he took in all 



that concerned their welfare. After he 
left Tennent he had charge of two 
churches in New York City, and then 
was called to a church at Montville. N. 
J. In the latter years of his life when 
his head was silvered and his shoulders 
bowed with the infirmities of age. he 
was pastor of the Dutch church at Mid- 
dletown village, in this county. Here 
he "died in harness." While a man of 
reserved and rather stiff manners out- 
wardly, he had a kind and sensitive 
heart, keenly alive to ingratitude, 
slights or insults, and very sympath- 
etic lor the troubles and sorrows of 
others. While he had his own share of 
the troubles, cares and trials which 
fall on a country minister of this de- 
nomination and also of domestic afflic- 
tion, he bore them with that reticence 
and dislike of every public exhibition 
of either joy or grief, hereditary in his 
family and race. When trouble and 
others— his par-- 



lsl.1 



ind 



rhbo 



markably tender and sympathetic in his 
efforts to console and comfort them, 
but in a very plain and homely manner.' 
The writer once saw him, when an old 
man and a little while before his death 



break down in public, and cry like a 
child while attempting to console the 

,? °£„ a family late,y bereaved 
by death. The writer heard him in the 
Pulpit a short time before his decease. 
The one idea which ran like a thread 
itiiMuun his discourse, was that the 
mystery of life was as great as the 
mystery of death, and that both were 
controlled by the Creator. That the 
highest wisdom as well as practical 
judgment in everyday life, dictated en- 
''? t , r , ust or faith in the Creator, who 
did all things well, and had promised 
f- t+" x evenln S time it should be 
fight. I cannot recall his words which 
seemed prophetic of the end so soon 
to come to him, when he lay cold and 
still in his parsonage at Middletown t 
His ideas, however, were identical with 
those expressed in the following verses- 



•We 



■ at it is. Dear, this sleep so 
the awful calm, the cheeks 
I not lift again, though we 
te solitude of peace, that 



what sphere, the loved who 
', our loved and lost, if they 



should come 
Should come and ask us "What is life'" 
— could say. 

ystery, as deep as ever death 



Life is i 

be; 
Yet, oh 1 how sw« 

live and see. 
Then might they 



ife 



-those vanished ones, 
ana blessed is the thought; 
bo Death is sweet to us. Beloved, though we 
may tell you naught; 

of "Death - te " " t0 the Qulck ' thiS mystery 
Ye may not tell us if ye would, the mystery 
of Breath. 

The child, who enters Life, comes not with 

knowledge or intent. 
So those who enter Death, must go as little 

children sent; 
Nothing is known— but I believe that God is 

overhead. 
And as life is to the living so death is to the 

Dead." 

tRev. Luther L". VanDorn was sixty-two 
years old when called as pastor of the .Middle- 
town Dutch church. It was through his re- 
quest that the new parsonage was erected on 
the opposite side of the street from the church 
edihce. and he was the first pastor to occupy 
it. In October, 1876, he was suddenly railed 
away and his wife followed him February "C, 
1881. Both are interred in Fairview ceme- 
tery. It was his wish to end his days and be 
buried in Monmouth county, for here his fore- 
•atheis had lived, and mimen.us kinsmen sleep 
'--* sleep beneath the soil of this county 



ind 



SOME ACCOUNT OF LEWIS MORRIS AND HIS 
DOINGS IN MONMOUTH COUNTY. 



The names of Jacob VanDorn. Daniel 
Hendrickson and Arie, Aure or Adrian 
Bennett appear prominently on the 
first records of the First Dutch church 
of Monmouth, not only as the organ- 
izers and first communicants in 1709, 
but as the deacons and elders, at this 
time or a few years after. The fact 
that Daniel Hendrickson had served as 
sheriff of this county, and had also con- 
ducted religious services among his 
own people, prior to the coming of 
Joseph Morgan as a regular pastor, 
would indicate that he was a trusted 
leader of the Dutch settlers, and a man 
in whose good judgment and integrity 
they confided. 

There is. however, another record, 
which, if facts therein stated are really 
facts, casts an ugly stain, not only on 
their characters as professing chris- 
tians, but as ordinary law abiding cit- 
izens. 

The minutes of the Court of General 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the 
years 1700 and 1701 now in the Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office, contain en- 
tries not only accusing Jacob VanDorn 
and Arie (Adrian) Bennett as has here- 
tofore been stated, but also accusing 
Daniel Hendrickson with refusing to 
serve as grand juror, defiance of the 
judges to their faces, or, as the record 
has it, open contempt and misbehavior 
in court. These men, also as residents 
of the old township of Mlddletown. and 
members of the militia, and from their 
sympathies and associations, are fur- 
ther implicated in the general charge 
against the citizens of this township of 
breaking up bv violence, a court which 
convened at Middletown village March 
25, 1701, making prisoners of Andrew 
Hamilton, the governor of New Jersey. 
Thomas Gordon, the attorney general. 
,ewis Morris, president of the council, 
and presiding judge of the Monmouth 
courts, together with the associate 
judges and the county officers, and 
keeping them under guard at Middle- 
town four days. During this time there 
was no head to the government of New 
Jersey, and no officers to administer 
the law in Monmouth county. That all 



these outrageous and rebellious acts 
were committed for the sole purpose of 
releasing a pirate, one of Capt. Kidd's 
men, from the custody of this court. 

John Johnstone, a Scotchman, who a 
few years before had been presiding 
judge of the Monmouth courts, and who 
was a zealous partizan of Governor 
Andrew Hamilton, wrote the following 



•tt.' 



the 



March 26, 1701. 
To the Council of New Jersey: 

Honorable Gentlemen. — Yesterday Governor 
Hamilton, with four of the justices of this 
county, met at Middletown. for holding the 
Court of Sessions, as appointed by the acts of 
assembly of this province, when they had 
opened court, and begun the trial of one, who 
confessed himself, one of Kidd's men. several 
of the people of Middletown, who for that pur- 
pose, had appointed a training of the militia, 
and being in arms, came into the house where 
the court was sitting and forcibly rescued the 
prisoner. The governor and justices commend- 
ed the sheriff and constables to keep the peace, 
and in the scuffle two of the foremost of the 
fellows were slightly wounded. There being 
seventy or eighty men. and the governor and 
justices, without force, they were by this mul- 
titude made prisoners, and are by them, kept 
under strict guards. This is not a thing which 
happened by accident, but by design. For 
some considerable time past there, some of the 
ringleaders kept, es I am informed, a pirate 
in their houses, and threatened any that would 
offer to seize him. Gentlemen, I thought it 
my duty to inform you of this, and to beg your 
assistance to help the settling our peace or to 
take the government upon you until his maj- 
esty's pleasure be known. 

I am, your honors, most humble servant, 
JOHN JOHNSTONE. 

Monmouth, East Jersey, March 26, 1701. 



The gravamen of the 
Dr. Johnstone's letter, as u 
in the court record of this occurrence, 
is that the Middletown people were 
associated and in sympathy with sea 
robbers, and committed all this high 
handed ruffianism to aid a pirate to 
escape from the faithful officers of the 
law, whom they illtreated and impris- 
1, while the criminal was set at lib- 
erty. 

Lewis Morris, soon after, in a corn- 



that 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Ilimliinl. makes the same charge: That 
the wicked people of Middletown were 
guilty of rank rebellion, for the pur- 
pose of delivering- a pirate from the 
clutches of the law. It was very com- 
mon in that age for the politicians and 
others interested, to accuse the high 
otiicials of the American provinces on 
the Atlantic coast and the West Indies, 
of harboring or protecting pirates and 
illegal traders and sharing in their 
plunder. See Vol. II N. J. Arch., pages 
150-55, 277-89, and 358-62. 

The following is from a communica- 
tion of Edward Randolph to authorities 
in England dated March 24. 1701. (the 
day before the outbreak at Middletown 
village). Speaking of East Jersey and 
West Jersey he writes "They are all in 
confusion for want of government, and 
humbly pray to be taken under his 
majesty's immediate protection and 
government. Thev likewise receive 
and harbor pirates." t 

The ideas are very similar in all 
these communications and records and 
looks like concerted action. The Ran- 
dolph letter is dated one day before and 
the Johnstone letter one day after the 
Middletown people captured the gov- 
ernor and his officers; but as it re- 
quired some six weeks for a sailing 
vessel to reach England in that day. it 
was easy to antedate a letter two or 
three days, and then perhaps it might 
be a week or two before it could be 
sent. 

Lewis Morris that same spring went 
to England, and carried with him a 
certified copy of the record from the 
minutes now in our clerk's office. It 
was a well settled maxim of the Eng- 
lish law, that the facts set out in a 
court record must be accepted as true. 
-Morris, therefore, calculated that his 
charge against the people of Middle- 
town would be received as true by the 
government in England, and he would 
also be on hand to influence their ac- 
tion. He must have felt keenly the 
indignities to which he had been sub- 
jected, for he -was a very proud and 
egotistical man. The excitement and 
feeling which prevailed at the Peace 

ting in Middletown some hundred 

and sixty odd years later, was tame 
alongside of this attack on the gover- 
nor of the province and the officers of 
the county. 

We find Lewis Morris of Tinton Falls 
in London the following summer. He 
sends a communication to the Lords of 
Trade dated at London, August I. 1701. 
Among other matters he writes: 



"Their endeavors had the effect they pro- 
posed as appears by the several records (No. 1. 
2, 3, 4. 5) now laid before your Lordships, 
And to consummate the work so well begun 
and successfully carried on, they did on the 
25th of March, 1701, rescue a pyrate, one of 
Kidd's crew, from the bar, seize the governor 
and justices as by record No. 6, does more at 
large appear." 

This "record No. 6." was a certified 
copy from the minutes of the sessions 
of Monmouth county, of the court held 
at Middletown village March 2.5. 1701. 
which had been written up after their 
four days captivity at Middletown had 
ended, under supervision of Hamilton 
and Morris. Morris further writes: 



"I have laid before your Lordships the truth 
of fact, as your Lordships, by comparing the 
names of the petitioners of East Jersey with 
the names in the records of the several riots 
committed in the province, will find these 
riots to be made by those persons who are now 
your petitioners. Especially, that remarkable 
riot, or rather rebellion, committed on the 
25th of March, and by record No. 6 appears, 
which I now lay before your Lordships as a 
complaint, and beg those persons may have 
an exemplary punishment." 

We thus see that Lewis Morris not 
only took the trouble of making a voy- 
age to England, but used all his ability 
to bring the heavy hand of the English 
government on the Middletown people 
as rebels and abettors of piracy. He 
persisted with indefatigable malice in 
his efforts to punish them, even after 



this uprising at Middletown. that after 
Lewis Morris was taken prisoner, he 
was tied to the whipping post in front 
of the block house, with a bunch of 
rods fastened on his back. 

Lewis Morris had also grossly libeled 
the people of this part of Monmouth in 

don, who was a man of influence with 
the English government, and by virtue 
of his office in the Church, a member of 
the House of Lords. This letter is pub- 
lished in full on pages 8 and 9 of 
Whitehead's eulogy of Lewis Morris, 
entitled "Papers of Governor Lewis 



fVol. 



N. J. Arch.. pa«e 360. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



"Middletown was settled from New York 
and New England. It is a large township. 
There is no such thins as a church or religion 
amongst them. They are, perhaps, the most 
ignorant and wicked people in the world. 
Their meetings on Sunday are at the public 
house, when they get their fill o£ rum and go 
to fighting and running of races." 

Capt. Andrew Bowne, a Baptist, to- 
gether with many others of this sect, 
had met for religious services for many 
years previous to this time. Richard 
Hartshorne, a consistent Quaker, and 
others of this belief, are all included in 
this sweeping condemnation. So are 
Garret and Jan Schenck, Peter Wyckoff. 
Daniel Hendrickson, Jacob VanDorn 
and the Couwenhovens, who had all 
brought over from Long Island to Mon- 
mouth, their brass clasped Dutch 
Bibles, and tried to follow in everyday 
life the teachings therein. Some of 
these old Bibles are yet in existence 
and the pages show by the wear, that 
they were in everyday use for many 
years, or until the Dutch tongue was 
lost by their descendants. 

The first pioneer settlers of Mon- 
mouth from Rhode Island and Grave- 
send, were men and women who had 
been persecuted and driven out of New 
England, because of their conscientious 
adherence to Baptist and Quaker con- 
victions. It is true that many of them 
were dead at this time, but their chil- 
dren had become men and women and 
tried to follow in their footsteps. 
Knowing all this. Lewis Morris rep- 
resented to the great Prelate of the 
Church of England, that they were the 
most degraded and evil-minded of all 
the inhabitants of this earth, and ot 
course would naturally associate with 
cut-throats and robbers, and oppose 
such a godly and good churchman as 
Lewis Morris. 

This charge of abetting pirates to es- 
cape from the officers of the law was a 
most serious one. Piracy was a high 
crime and punishable by English law 
with death on the scaffold. Capt. Kidd 
had been arrested only a short time 
before. Assisting a man accused of 
being a "Red Seaman," as they then 
called pirates, to escape was to become 
an accessory to the crime, and liable 
to same penalty. To break up a court 
and imprison the judges, who repre- 
sented the King of England, was rank 
rebellion and an unpardonable crime 
like treason. 

In view of these dark and evil accu- 
sations against the pioneer settlers of 
the old township of Middletown. whose 
descendants are now found among the 
most respectable citizens of this county 



and state, and in nearly all the other 
states of our union, it becomes impor- 
tant to understand the characters and 
interests and feelings of the leaders of 
the contending parties and factions of 
that time. 

Only in this way can we ascertain 
whether these charges are true, or only 
trumped up for political ends or ,o 
gratify private vengeance. It is also a 
very interesting and important period 
in our colonial history, for it ended the 
Proprietary government and brought 
about a new era in our history. 

When the last of the perfidious and 
false-hearted Stuarts was kicked out 
of England, and the Dutch king of 
"Glorious Memory" ascended the throne 
the principles of religious toleration 
which had long prevailed in the repub- 
lic o-f Holland, together with personal 
liberty, were established for the first 
time in England and her colonies, by 
constitutional law. It was the great 
revolution of 1688. the most important 
era in English history. 

The commercial interests of Holland 
had long demanded the suppression of 
piracy, and the interests of the great 
merchants of England, whose commerce 
was then next to the Netherlands, de- 
manded it for the same cause. William 
of Orange used all his power in this 
direction, and caused laws to be enact- 
ed bv the English Parliament of the 
most severe character against this 
crime. j ,_ 

In obedience to these laws and the 
earnest efforts of William of Orange to 
enforce them, the Lords of Trade sent 
the following order to the New Jersey 
proprietors and their officials in control 
of the provincial government: "That 
no Pirate or Sea-Robber be anywhere 
sheltered or entertained under the sev- 
erest penalties." This order was dated 
"February 9th, 1696-7 ||." some three 
years before "Moses Butterworth," one 
of Captain Kidd's men. came to New 
Jersey. ■ 

At this period, and for many years 
thereafter, merchant vessels bound for 
distant seas were manned and armed 
like men-of-war, for there was often 
more fighting than trading. The waters 
of the East Indies and the China and 
Malay coasts swarmed with ferocious 
and savage pirates. No ship in those 
far-off waters was safe from capture 
unless well armed and manned with a 
lars-e crew of fighting men. 

Morocco, Algiers, and other barbar- 
ous powers on the northern coast ol 



IIVol. II. N. J. Archives, p. 134-136. 



EARL V />/ ■"/( II SI I TLER. 



OF MONMOl III 



Africa had long made piracy a busim ss. 
The capture and enslavement of white 
Christians was a legitimate and profit- 
able enterprise, according to their coiit 

The Netherland republic had for a 
long- time previous to the landing of 
their Stadtholder and his Dutch troops 
at Torbay, tried to suppress these sea- 
robbers of the .Mediterranean, while 
Charles II of England had encouraged 
and aided them to injure the commerce 
cf Holland. 

After 1688. under the rule of the 
Dutch king, common sense and com- 
mon honesty began to guide the policy 
of the English government for the first 
time, since great Cromwell's death. The 
maiitime nations of Europe, jealous of 
each other, and rivals in commercial 
colonization, were in this age almost 



l In 



Id pi- 



le Pa 



used to prey on each otl 
ships. These privateer 
merchant vessels \\ hen 
or Indian oceans, or along the An 
ican Atlantic coast, did not li. suat. 
attack and capture vessels of anot 
nation, even when at peace, if t 
thought the spoils warranted the r 
News in those days traveled slot 
and even if such atrocities were he 
of from the other side of the wo 
witnesses to the facts would be la 
ing for "Dead men tell no tales.' 

The American coast, particularly 
Spanish Main, as called, was a lavo 
cruising ground for these half-pirs 
and half-privateers or armed illt 
trading ships. Under the strong 
resolute guidance of the Dutch Is 
from the vantage ground ol the E 
lish throne, the old policy of the r 
land republic was thoroughly and 
ergetically supported by England, 
root out and exterminate- these pi 
of trade and commerce V Th< reac 
of colonial history will remembei I 
common it was in this agi to ac< 
colonial officers with harbouring : 



:s and sharir 


ig ii 


i their plunder. 


The 


arge was ea 


sily 


made if the pi 


rate 


ips happened 


by 


chance or desig 




n into some 


bay 


or harbor, whe 


ther 


• governor !< 


Lneu 


• it or not: so 


if a 








w York or 


Ph: 


iladelphia to spend 


sir gold in v 


,-ild 


orgies or carousels. 


- blame woui 


Id b' 


- cast on the go 


ver- 


r of harborii 


ig t 


hem, even if he 


had 


knowledge 




t. This charge 


was 


idily l» li. \ e 


■ 1 11 


i England, for 


had 






mping their vaga- 






adventurers into 


the 


nerican colon 


ies 


for many years, 


and 


lat better c 


ould 


be expected? 


To 


iprove such 


com 


plaints and cha 


rges 




ive and long vo: 


'age 


ross the Atl 


anti 


c ocean, with 




sses and leg; 


al delays and expen 


sive 


vyers to fee. 


Fii 


iding how credu 


lous 



1i Capt. Kidd. at this date (1701). 
prison in England awaiting trial for 
The English people were all agog o 
thousand rumors about his horrible er 
the high seas. His conviction and e? 
was a foregone conclusion. The con- 
interests of England remanded a vi 



idate 



Wil 



Kidd happened 



lir-l 






apps 



time for hii 

Stuarts ruled or at a later day he would have 

been welcomed as a hero, like Jamison when 

he got back to England from bis piratical ex- 

pedition against the Dutch farmers of the 

Transvaal. 



can make consid- 

1 shall, pursuant 

irders to my Lord 

.i- of New York with 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



the bel 



ned per- 



his Excel! 

sons and 

time discover, belonging to them or any 

such people, who, I am sensible are a 

pest among mankind. 

Your Most Humble Servant, 

ANDREW HAMILTON, 

May, 1700. 

This letter proves that Hamilton 
knew that the courts of New Jersey 
had no jurisdiction over this crime. 
Only admiralty courts could try offen- 
ces committed on the high seas like 
piracy, and the governor of New York 
was vice admiral and there was admir- 
alty court in that province. For this 
reason the New Jersey officials were 
ordered to send all pirates taken in 
this province to Bellomont, the New 
York governor. This is just what 
Hamilton writes he will do. and this 
was his only duty in the premises. The 
county courts of Monmouth had no 
more jurisdiction over piracy or other 
crimes committed outside of its terri- 
tory, than they have today. Only crim- 
inal offences committed within the 
county boundaries can be tried in the 
county courts. 

Besides, Hamilton resided at Bur- 
lington, in Burlington county, and any 
examination to see if there was prob- 
able cause to believe him guilty and so 
hold him, could have been taken before 
a justice of that place. In the above 
four cases Hamilton does not bind any 
of the four men to appear before the 
high court of Common Right at Perth 
Amboy or any of the county courts of 
sessions. Neither does he take any ex- 
amination before a justice or himself, 
but writes that in pursuance of King 
William's orders he will deliver up the 
four pirates to Governor Bellomont of 
New York. This was all he was re- 
quired to do and all he could do 'in 
such cases. 

Hew then, can we explain his action 



at Middletown village in the case of 
Moses Butterworth, Capt. Kidd's man, 
as he admitted? 

If he confessed his guilt there was no 
necessity for any examination to ascer- 
tain if there was probable cause to de- 
prive him of his liberty. And why bind 
over a "self-confessed pirate" to ap- 
pear before a county court at a remote 
place In the woods, as Middletown vil- 
lage was then situated, when it could 
just as well have been done before 
Hamilton himself at Burlington. 

His duty at the most in such crimes 
was merely that of a committing mag- 
istrate. And what necessity was there 
for Hamilton as governor to preside 
formally at the remote courts of Mon- 
mouth, when Lewis Morris or Capt. 
Samuel Leonard, two of his council, 
were fully capable of transacting all 
the court business. All these questions 
can be answered, and the old settlers 
of Middletown, like Daniel Hendrick- 
son. Jacob VanDorn, William Hen- 
dricks, and others cleared of this accu- 
sation that they broke up a court to 
rescue a "Pyrate" and were "the most 
ignorant and wicked people in the 
world." 

This "pirate business" was a device 
or scheme of Lewis Morris, Hamilton, 
Leonard and others to throw blame on 
their political opponents, and put them 



fals 



'hole 



politicians call it. They also wanted 
to hide the real issues involved, and 
particularly such questions as would 
cause the proprietors to lose the right 
of government over New Jersey. This 
pirate. Moses Butterworth, was "a good 
enough Morgan" for their purposes, but 
like all other frauds and deceptions 
they overreached themselves. when 



ind 



SAYINGS AND DOINGS OF LEWIS MORRIS OF 
MONMOUTH AND ELSEWHERE. 



Andrew Hamilton had served as gov- 
ernor of New Jersey from 1692 to 1697, 
when he was superseded by Jeremiah 
Basse, an Englishman. The proprie- 
tors wrote from England that Hamilton 
was dismissed, not for any fault, but 
because all Scotchmen were debarred 
By a late act of parliament, from hold- 
ing- offices of trust or profit in an Eng- 
lish colony. 

The people of Middletown were very 
jubilant over this news, for they had 
long been governed, much to their dis- 
gust, by Scotch officials. They not only 
regarded the Scotch as foreigners, but 
felt that they had been transferred 
wrongfully to the control of these 
strangers. These Scotch officials also 
represented the proprietors and pushed 
them for "quitt rents." 

The Middletown people had not only 
procured a patent for the territory of 
Monmouth with right of local govern- 



require.l 



the 



age 



of 



Duke of York (for 
in Nicoll's instructions) but th.y had 
actually paid out their hard cash, ami 
occupied the lands before any notice 
was given of the transfer of New Jer- 
sey I" Berkeley and Carteret. 

The pioneers of Monmouth had ex- 
pended £369%, or $1,847 in buying out 
the Indians' title to part of what is now 
Monmouth county. If this money had 
been put out at interest at 6 per cent, 
and the interest invested each year 
from 1667 to 1898. it would now amount 
to more than the assessed valuation of 
the real estate in "Newasincks, Navar- 
umsunk and Pootapeck Necks." as they 
called the lands so bought of the red 
men. 

Besides, $1,817 was a large sum of 
money for men living in the wilderness 
..I the new world in I hat day t.. raise. 
Money was then very hard to get. They 
were also obliged to make many jour- 
neys through Rhode Island and Long 
Island, to persuade men to subscribe 
for these expenses and to migrate to 
this region, and so make up the num- 
ber their patent required. 

They were subjected to trouble and 
expense of transporting their families, 
stock and goods across the water. To 
survey, lay '>ut lots and roads, clear 



lands, build cabins, plant 
stock and crops from wil 
themselves from the sav 
the hardest physical labor with their 
few and rough tools. Nearly every- 
thing was done by the hardest physical 
toil. For the most part they were un- 
educated men and women, yet they had 
to organize townships, enact local laws, 
establish courts and elect officers. They 
had no go betweens like clergymen, 
physicians, undertakers, and lawyers, 
but did their own praying, their own 
doctoring, and burying- their own dead. 
After all this trouble, expense and 
hardship, they are suddenly told that 
their patent is worthless, and some 
people whom they had never heard of. 
not ..nly own their lands but have the 
right to govern them. That these new 
and strange owners of the soil, and the 
rulers of the inhabitants thereof, are 
called Proprietors, "such a name as we 
simple creatures never before heard 
of" they frankly say. They tire called 
upon to swear allegiance and obedience 
to th.se "unheard-of" rulers, and to 
pay them rent for their lands and bet- 
terments. Nobody offers to repay them 
lor th. money laid out for the Indian 
till., the true American lords of the 
soil. Their time, labors, and improve- 
ments are all ..wned by somebody else, 
and th.y are required to pay rent to 



of the Lord Propri 
pay rent for the It 
render due obedi 



■ation of in- 
ie American 
is that they 



lod defend 

Their trea 
dame falls 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Charles Stuart, and his false-hearted 
brother known In history as the Duke 
of York, and later as James II of Eng- 
land. Richard Nicolls had full author- 
ity from the Duke of York to grant the 
Monmouth patent under his general in- 
structions. The principal under such 
circumstances was bound by the acts 
of his agent, before the authority was 
revoked, and before notice was had of 
any transfer by the principal. The 
Duke of York made the transfer or 
assignment of New Jersey to Berkeley 
and Cartaret, after Nicolls had sailed 
from England, and before any notice 
of their successful robbery of the New 
Netherlands from the Dutch in time of 
peace. Berkeley and Cartaret had 
never expended a single cent or did 
one stroke of work for this land. They 
were the sycophants and toadies of 
Charles II, and his boon companions in 
his midnight orgies and daylight adul- 

Every principle of equity demanded 
that Nicolls' grant, followed by actual 
purchase from the true owners, and 
settlement, without notice of a secret 
prior transfer, if such was the fact, 
should have been upheld, if there was 
any justice in the laws of England. 

It would today in any equity court of 
these United States. It is very ques- 
tionable whether the grant to Berkeley 
and Cartaret was really prior in point 
of fact. Charles II and his brother. 
James II, respected neither the rights 
of their own subjects in England, or of 
anybody else, except the King of France 
and the Pope of Rome. To antedate a 
charter of this kind would be a small 
trifle in their eyes. Besides, who would 
dare question it or call them to ac- 
count? Surely not the poor people in 
the wilds of America three thousand 
miles away. The character of Charles 
II has been truly portrayed by Gilbert 
Burnet. Bishop of Salisbury, who lived 
during his reign, in- the book called 
"History of His Own Time." He com- 
pares Charles to Tiberius, the infamous 
Emperor of Rome. But what could be 
expected of a so-called King, who 
dragged the poor bones of Great Crom- 
well from the grave, and suspended 
them on a gibbet. When Cromwell was 
alive he never dare look him in the 
face, but when dead he takes a con- 
temptible savage revenge on his corpse. 
A man who would do such an act would 
not hesitate to rob a friendly nation of 
their territory, or his own subjects of 
their rights, by dating back a docu- 
ment like the charter of New Jersey. 
Neither would a man like the Duke of 



York, who fostered, upheld and pushed 
on George Jeffrey, the judicial whole- 
sale murderer, Tom Boilman. and John 
Graham of Claverhouse, "the three 
heroes of his reign," hesitate at such a 
small matter as ante-dating a transfer 
of wild lands across the Atlantic. 

James II, not his tools and creatures, 
is responsible for the horrors which 
followed Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. 
and which followed his efforts to estab- 
lish prelacy in Scotland. So this false- 
hearted, cruel tyrant is responsible for 
the proprietary government of New 
Jersey and their ownership of the soil. 
The last has been a curse and a wrong 
to our people in Monmouth county from 
the day it was granted, down to the 
day within our memory, when they sold 
land under Shark river at public sale 
for a song, and took up lands on the 
coast next to Belmar, Spring Lake, and 
other places, clouding titles by whole- 
sale, and selling them for insignificant 
sums of money, compared to their real 
value. Yet we find certain American 
historians of the New England type 
who try to justify Charles II. "The 
king can do no wrong." for he rules by 
divine right, seems ingrained in the 
minds of people who worship aristoc- 
racy and royalty. "These be thy gods. 
Dudes and Dudesses!" Today, how- 
ever, such superstitious, slavish, and 
snobbish ideas have no influence with 
sensible people who have any con- 
science and respect the right of their 
fellow men and their own manhood. 

When Governor Basse arrived in East 
Jersey, he appointed two of the leading 
and trusted citizens of Middletown. 
Capt. Andrew Bowne and Richard 
Hartshorne, members of his council. 
Lewis Morris of "Tintern Manor" was 
"left out in the cold." This was a sev- 
ere blow to his pride and ambition. He 
was that kind of a man who would 
either "rule or ruin." His very signa- 
ture, if handwriting is any indication 
,,i character, shows that he had a high 
opinion of himself. This slight, to- 
gether with the appointment of his 
political opponents, Bowne and Harts- 
horne. to the council stirred up all the 
gall in his body. He became a bitter 
and bold opponent of Governor Basse. 
He now arraigns the proprietors in the 
severest manner, telling some very un- 
palatable truths, and alleging that 
•■.Nothing they say or do can be depend- 
ed upon or believed." This Lewis 
Morris made more history in East Jer- 
sey between 1695 and 1716. than any 
other man during those years. He was 
certainly a remarkable man. To under- 



early nm // sev /lees oe moxmoi e//. 



his sayings and doings, for there is 
much of both in our county and colon- 
ial records. We cannot understand the 
history of these times unless we under- 
stand Lewis Morris. He was a nephew 
of one Lewis Morris who had served as 
Captain of a troop of horse under 
Cromwell, the greatest Englishman that 
ever lived. After the Stuarts were 
restored he emigrated to the island of 
Barbadoes, and from there removed to 
New York in 1673. He or his brother 
Richard, then deceased, had acquired a 
large tract of land in what are now 
.Shrewsbury and Atlantic townships. 
He started an iron foundry at Tinton 
Falls with bog ore. He left Monmouth 
in 1686 and died in 1691. on his planta- 
tion near Harlem, N. Y., afterwards 
called by his nephew, Lewis Morris, the 
"Manour of Morrisania." He was very 
fond of calling his wild lands "Manors." 
It gave him consequence, he doubtless 
thought, for a grand name goes a long 
way with people, who cannot distin- 
guish between words and their real 



lgs 



ith. 



At a court held at Middletown village 
in September. 1686, Lewis Morris is ar- 
rested and brought before the court, on 
a charge made "on oath of a negro 
woman named Franck." The offence or 
crime is not stated. This omission, to- 
gether with the fact that Morris did 
not stand any open trial, would indi- 
cate that it was a scandalous or dis- 
graceful accusation. Instead of fight- 
Governor Gawen Laurie, and removed 
the complaint to the next court of Com- 
mon Right at Perth Amboy. I do not 
know what the records of this court 
show in October, 1686, but would not 
be surprised if it was quietly consigned 
to the "Tomb of the Capulets." A poor' 
negro wench, doubtless a slave, could 
not follow up such a case against a 
man like Lewis Morris, however griev- 
ous her wrongs. 

The next entry is at a court held at 
Middletown village March 22. 1687: 

"Lewis Morris' commission as justice 
of the peace is read." 

This appointment made him one of 
the associate judges of the Common 
Pleas and General Quarter Sessions of 
the peace, according to the laws of 
England. 

From this time until 1746. or about 
60 years. Lewis Morris was a very con- 
spicuous man in political affairs of East 
Jersey. No man either in colonial or 
state history, had a longer political life 
or more bitter quarrels and antagon- 
isms. He reached the highest position. 



while in office. 

On page 73 of Book C of Deeds, Mon- 
mouth clerk's office, we find one Ben- 
jamin Hicks, who with others had been 
indicted for same offense, giving infor- 
mation against Lewis Morris and others 
for "running of races and playing at 
nyne pins on ye Sabbath Day." No ac- 
tion however, was taken against the 
newly fledged justice, but Hicks and 
his comrades were fined five shillings 
each for "racing and playing nyne pins 
on ye Sabbath." 

In 1691 we find Lewis Morris sitting 
as one of the associate judges of the 
Monmouth courts. John Johnstone, a 
Scotchman, being president judge, and 
Capt. Samuel Leonard acting as pros- 
ecutor, or as then called "His Majes- 
ty's attorney." 

In 1692 Morris was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Hamilton a member of the Coun- 
cil of New Jersey. This was an influ- 
ential position and gave Morris access 
to, and influence with, the men . who 
then ruled New Jersey. He seems to 
have ingratiated himself into the con- 
fidence of Hamilton and his Scotch sup- 
porters, for he soon became Hamilton's 
right-hand-man and trusted lieuten- 
ant. From this time onward he was 
one of Hamilton's most zealous and 
faithful partisans. 

We now find a third Lewis Morris 
turning up as a justice of the peace in 
this county, and sitting along side of 
the other Lewis Morris in our county 
courts. He is described in the old rec- 
ords as "Lewis Morris of Passage 
Point," (afterwards known as Black 
Point.) I think these two men were 
cousins, but am not sure of it. At all 
events they were close and intimate 
friends. "Lewis Morris of Tintern 
Manor." as member of the council had 
sufficient influence to have his friends 
in Monmouth appointed to office. 

The records of a court held at Mid- 
dletown village, September 1694, show 
that Lewis Morris of Passage Point is 
indicted because "he, with several of 
his negroes did feloniously take away 
the hay of William Shattock." As 
usual there is no trial, for the indict- 
ment is removed by habeas corpus to 
the Court of Common Right. "Lewis 
Morris of Tintern Manor" entered into 
bond for "Lewis Morris of Passage 
Point." It does not appear that Shat- 
tock ever got back his hay or received 
any other satisfaction. 

The grand jury of this court also 
present Lewis Morris of Tintern Manor 
"for fencing in the highway." Al- 



A./A7 ) DUTCH SETTLER. 



>/■' MONMOUTH. 



though present on the bench, the two 
Morrises and the other judges order 
that a summons issue for his appear- 
ance at next court. At the next court 
held at Middletown village March 27, 
1695, we find both Lewis Morrises on 
the bench, as they were very punctual 
in their attendance. Lewis Morris of 
Passage Point is arraigned on an in- 
dictment "for striking Nicholas Sarah 
several blows." The Honorable Lewis 
Morris of Passage Point did then in- 
form Honorable Lewis Morris of Tin- 
tern Manor and other justices "how 
matters stood." for so the record has 
it, and then without hearing Nicholas 
Sarah, or any evidence or trial, "the in- 
dictment was dismissed by the bench." 

Thereupon the two Lewis Morrises 
"did desire to withdraw and go home, 
by reason of their families being sick." 
Which request was granted, and so 
they went out. mounted their horses 
and rode out of Middletown, doubtless 
laughing and joking on their way home 
to Shrewsbury, over the fruitless 
efforts of poor Nicholas Sarah to take 
the law of a "big Lewis Morris." At 
next court, Lewis Morris of Tintern 
Manor is again presented by the grand 
jury for "fencing in ye highway that 
goes to Freehold and Middletown." Al- 
though present on the bench, the court 
orders a summons issued for him to 
appear and answer at next court. 

The fates at this time step in and re- 
lieve the people of Monmouth of one 
Lewis Morris, for "he of Passage Point 
was murdered by his negroes." The 
surviving Lewis Morris, however. 
proved himself an able bodied and ro- 
bust Morris, and gave the Middletown 
people all the trouble and fighting they 
wanted. At next court in March, 1696, 
Thomas Gordon, a Scotchman, who pro- 
fessed to be a lawyer, is appointed 
prosecutor. He was one of Lewis Mor- 
ris' political and perhaps personal 
friends. When the presentment against 
Lewis Morris for "fencing in the high- 
way" was called up. Cordon coolly 
turned to the people present, and de- 
manded a fee from some one, before he 
would try this indictment. As Gordon 
well knew, no individual would volun- 
teer in such a case, or pay such a fee 
as he demanded. The records then go 
on to say "there was no one to prose- 
cute the said Lewis Morris, so the pre- 
sentment was quasht." 

At a Court held at Shrewsbury in 
September. 1698, Lewis Morris is again 
presented for fencing in the hie.hu. i> 
betw - "ii "Tii 

court. ' Tii.' 



made in September, 16! 
done. During a part 
from 1692 to 1699 Lev 



i.. thine. 



thi, 



ind Swimming Ri\ 



Morris had 
considerable private civil litigation 
with several of the citizens of the 
county. Capt. Andrew Bowne and 
Richard Hartshorne were judges of the 
county part of this time, but they did 
not permit Morris to have his way in 
everything. They learned from their 
intercourse with him to distrust him, 
and he had but little influence with 



the 



l.-r 



1696. 



(.'apt. Bowne and Richard Hartshorne 
were also judges of the Court of Com- 
mon Right held at Perth Amboy in 
1698-9. At a court of Common Right 
held at Perth Amboy May 11, 1698, Gov- 
ernor Jeremiah Basse, presiding and 
Capt. Bowne and Richard Hartshorne 
with four other judges also sitting on 
the bench. Lewis Morris came into 
court and insolently demanded by what 
authority they held court. The judges 
replied "By the King's authority." 
This Morris denied. The Court then 
ordered his arrest for open contempt. 

Lewis Moris defied them to arrest 
him. and said "He would fain see who 
darst lay hold on him." Thereupon, a 
constable took hold of him but he re- 
sisted, and tried to draw his sword or 



hai 



lied. 



The judges fined him £50 ($250) for 
"his denying the authority of the court 
and open contempt" and ordered him 
committed to prison until paid. The 
fine. 1 think, he paid, but it did not 
quiet but rather spurred him on to 
more insolent measures. 

He, and his political allies, Thomas 
Gordon and George Willocks go 
through East Jersey, holding public 
meetings and denouncing in the sever- 



To the Sheriff of the county of Middlesex, 
under sheriff or deputy, or either of them : 
Whereas we are informed that Lewis 
rris of Tinton. in the county of Monmouth, 
d province aforesaid. Ger 



Mo 



n April 
the said province, sed- 
itiously assemble with others and endeavor to 
subvert the laws of this province and did by 
in it 1 i i ious and reproachful words. aBperge the 
governor of said province, contrary to the 
peace of our Sovericn Lord the King, and the 
laws in such cases made and provided. These 
are therefore to will and require, and in His 
Majesty's name, strictly to charge and com- 

Vol. III. N. J. Arch., p. 476-7. 479 and 
480-81. 

tVol. III. N. J. Arch., p. 481-82. 



earl ) />//<// s/r/ ii.hr. 



>/■ MONMOUTH. 



man. I you, to take into your custody the sai.1 
Lewis Morris, and him to convey to the jail 
of your county, and there safely to keep, until 
he shall stive sufficient security in the sum of 
three hundred pounds ($1,500) for his appear- 
ance at the Court of Common Right to be held 
at Perth Amboy the second Tuesday of Octo- 
ber next, then and there to answer the prem- 
ises; and in meantime to he of good behavior 
towards His Majesty and all his liesre people. 
Hereof fail not at your peril, and for so doing 
this shall be your warrant. Given under our 
hands and seals May 11, in the eleventh year 
of the reign of our Soveristn Lord, William 
the Third of England, A. D. 1699, at Perth 
Amboy in province aforesaid. 

ANDREW BOWNE, 

JOHN ROYCE. 

RICHARD HARTSHI IRNE, 

Tl OMAS WARNE. 

SAMUEL DENNIS. 

On the 12th of May, 1699, or the next 
day after the date of the above war- 
rant, the grand jury of Middlesex 
county presented Lewis .Morris. George 
Willocks. and Thomas Gordon for a 
breach of the laws of this province, 
according to that act. entitled, 'For the 
better maintaining of and upholding 
the authority of this province.' 1 By 
order of the grand inquest. Ephraim 
Andrews, Foreman." 

Lewis Morris and George Willocks 
were both arrested under these pro- 
ceedings, and locked up in the County 
jail of Middlesex, then at Woodbridge. 

They were "in durance vile." how- 
ever, not many hours, for on the night 
of May 13, 1699, between 2 o'clock and 
4 o'clock, when people sleep the sound- 
est. Isaac Whitehead, with many other 
"Malefactors and Disturbers of the 
King's Peace," as the indictment states, 
"did assemble with clubs, staves, and 
other weapons at Woodbridge, and did 
with a beam break down the door, and 
did seditiously break into the common 
jail and released two prisoners, Lewis 
Morris and George Willocks, imprison- 
ed tor high crimes and misdemeanors" 
and let them out and set them at lib- 
erty. S This imprisonment and his de- 
liverance in the night by a mob of his 
friends, did not cool Lewis Morris 
down, for only three days later, he and 
George Willocks write the following 
impudent letter to the judges of the 
Court of Common Right, who had sign- 
ed the above warrant: — 

wne. Mr. John Royse, 

nd company, etc. 

Sirs. We are now able (God be thanked) to 

treat with you. any way you think fit. If you 

had valued either your own or the welfare of 

the government, your procedure had been more 



calm. Your day is not yet out. and it is i 
your power to follow the things that make f< 
peace, and if you do not. at your door will 1 
the consequences. Our friends will not suff. 
us to be putt upon [imposed on]. Farewell. 

GEORGE WILLOCKS. 

LEWIS MORRIS." 
May 16 at one in the afternoon. 1699. !; 



time to avoid arrest. Lewis Morris and 
George Willocks had procured a sloop 
to lay off the shore at Perth Amboy. 
As soon as Willocks had delivered the 
letter he went on board of this vessel, 
where Lewis Morris awaited him. Then 
they sailed along in front of Amboy, in 
lull view from the building where th. 
Council and representatives were as- 
sembled, firing guns and making other 
defiant demonstrations, and so went off 
down th.- bay. It is no wonder that the 
Provincial law-makers recommended a 
bill to suppress insurrection. HH Soon 
alter this .Morris wrot,- the letter pub- 
lished on pages 191-86 Vol. 111. N. J. 
Archives. On page 19.". he writes "you 
were very hott in binding us to our 
good behaviour." This shows that it 
was addressed to Capt. Andrew Bowne 
and others ol lb.- Council, and alter his 
arrest, lor there is no date on the let- 
ter. 

This letter is well worth reading, for 
it shows how abusive and personal 
Morris could be. and the stinging way 
he had oi saying things. It is a fair 
specimen of his ability in vituperation 
when so disposed. 

Colli. ■ affairs were now in such eon- 
fusion and disorder, that Governor 
Basse lost heart, and to get away from 
the threatening danger, made an ex- 
•use that he had important business in 
England, and so sailed away, throwing 
the whole burden of his broken and 

disjointed administration on the si I 

.lers of guiet but honest and sturdy 
Andrew Bowne of .Monmouth, who was 
appointed Deputy Governor. Capt. 



Vol. 



N. .1. 



{ Vo 



N. J. 



Vol. Ill N. J. 



rch., p. 483 



S Vol. III. N. J. 



/:'. ,A7. ) /)(/■/■( II S/i /TL/CA-S (>/■ Ml KY.IIOI TIL 



Bowne assumed the duties, and with 
lis strong- common sense managed to 
get along, without any other opi-.i out- 
breaks of a serious nature. 

Governor Basse left New Jersey for 
England in June. 1699. but before he 
got back, another sudden change oc- 
curred, which put him out of office, and 
once more put Lewis Morris on the top 
wave of political power in East Jersey. 
"Vae Victis," his opponents perhaps 
thought, when they learned of this up- 
neaval in political matters. 

Governor Basse must have reached 
England some time in the early part or 
August. 1699, or perhaps in the latter 
part of luly. for it depended very much 
upon favorable winds. 

He no doubt reported truly to the 
proprietors how disorder and anarchy 
reigned rampant in East Jersey, and 
that the "Unruly Scots." led by Lewis 
Morris, were the cause thereof Th.-re 
must also by this time, have been plen- 
ty of written communications coming 
over from East Jersey, tilled with con- 
flicting accusations and complaints. 
The proprietors themselves were split 
; and cliques. Thinking 



that Ha 
oerienct 



ex- 



mill 



s governor, 
could calm the troubled political 
waters, part of the proprietors on the 
19th of August. 1699, commissioned 
nim governor at East Jersey. This 
commission lacked the provincial seal 
of East Jersey, and was without the 
signatures of many proprietors who 
opposed Hamilton. Neither did they 
get King William of England to ap- 
prove Hamilton's appointment, as the 
laws of England required. 

Nevertheless, with this illegal and 
defective commission, Andrew Hamil- 
ton sailed for America and arrived in 
New Jersey in December, 1699. With 
the aid of Lewis Morris. Thomas Gor- 
don. George Willocks. and his other old 
political followers, he published his 
commission, and took charge of the 
government of New Jersey, before the 
people ^knew of these defects in his 
commission. He at once appointed 
Lewis Morris president of the council 
and Capt. Samuel Leonard of Monmouth 
likewise a member. Capt. Andrew 
Bowne was relegated to private life. 
Thus Lewis Morris ranked next to the 
governor and had more influence with 
him than any other man in the colony. 
He was in power and authority, and no 
doubt remembered his incarceration in 
the Woodbridgre prison and his mid- 
night escape. 

He used his power mercilessly and 
"turned down" all the old officials in 



Monmouth, putting his old friends, 
principally from Shrewsbury township, 
in their places, for he could not be ex- 
pected to select justices from "the 
most ignorant and wicked people on 
earth," and his political opponents, too. 
He had Governor Hamilton appoint 
Gawen Drummond, a Scotchman, in 
place of James Bollen, the old county 
clerk. Dr. John Stewart, a resident of 
what is now Eatontown township, also 
a Scotchman, high sheriff in place of 
Daniel Hendrickson: Samuel Leonard 
and three other residents of Shrews- 
bury township were commissioned jus- 
tices of the peace. They were all new 
officers, with the exception of Capt. 
Leonard, who was a practical politician 
of experience. The first court in Mon- 
mouth to meet after their appointment 
was on the fourth Tuesdav of March 
ensuing, after Hamilton's arrival in 
December, 1699. In the meantime the 
people of Middletown had become well 
informed as to Hamilton's defective 
commission, and that he had not been 
approved by King William. U was 
still believed among the English set- 
tlers of Middletown, as has already 
been mentioned, that all Scotchmen 
were debarred by English law from 
holding offices over "true born Britons." 
Although this was a mistake, yet it was 
an honest belief, founded on their feel- 
ings and prejudices and on former in- 
structions from the proprietors them- 
selves. Now they beheld to their great 
indignation and astonishment, a whole 
horde of Scots placed over their heads 
for them to render obedience to. 

Lewis .Morris and other leaders of the 
Scotch party, had in Basse's adminis- 
tration set an example of defiance and 
violence, and they were considered cap- 
able of any lawless or desperate act to 
grasp power or accomplish their ambit- 
ious designs. For was it not proved by 
fhe written declarations of three honest 
Quakers of Shrewsbury township, that 
Lewis Morris had said openly in their 
presence at the house of Abraham 
Brown in that township, that he had 
taken an office from Governor Hamil- 
ton, and would enforce his authority or 
"spill the blood of any man who resist- 
ed him!" That he had no scruples of 
conscience like Quakers; that he "would 
go through with his office though the 
streets run with blood." * 

Those bloody and savage threats by 
the president of Hamilton's council 
were, of course, carried to the people 
of Middletown, and stirred up the belief 
that Hamilton and his party would stop 

Vol. III. N. J. Arch., p. 485. 



EARL ) PI T( 7/ SE TTL LA'S t >/■' MONMOL TH. 



at nothing to enforce their authority. 
It also aroused their anger and 
strengthened their determination not to 
submit to a Scotch usurper and his 
bogus officials, for so they regarded 
them. Under such hot indignation, in- 
tense excitement, and wild rumors, 
Daniel Hendrickson, John Ruckman, 
John Bray, Samuel Forman. Eleazer 
Cottrell and other Middletown citizens, 
were summoned to serve on the grand 
jury at the first court, where Lewis 
Morris and the newly appointed jus- 
tices, were to sit. This court met at 
Middletown village, March 26, 1700, and 
held court in the second story of the 
block house, which stood on the knoll 
where the Episcopal church now stands. 
The stocks and whipping post stood in 
front, next to the six-rod road, which 
ran through Middletown village from 
west to east, as it does now, except that 
it has been greatly narrowed at the 
west end of the village. In Vol. II, N. 
.1. Archives, pages 364-5-6, appears 
what purports to be a true copy of the 
minutes of this court. The compiler 
has made an error of one year in the 
date. 

The date is given as March 26. 1701, 
but according to the original minutes 
now in the Monmouth county clerk's 
office, which anyone can see. who will 
look, the true date is March 26, 1700. 

This mistake in the archives throws 
confusion on the order of events and is 
an inexcusable one. The compilers 
might have known from the language 
of the record itself, that there was an 
error in the date. The first two lines 
state that "the Commissions of the Jus- 
tices were read." This was only done 
when newly appointed justices took 
their seats for the first time on the 
bench. There were no newspapers or 
printing presses, and the only way of 
giving public notice was by oral an- 
nouncements to the people. Besides the 
records of the court held March 25th, 
1701. which is published on the preced- 
ing page, and which the compiler must 
have read, states that all the justices 
were made prisoners and kept under 
strict guard from the 25th to the 29th 
.ii March, 1701. How then could a court 
have been held while they were cap- 
lives, or how could they have ordered 
their captors fined and taken into cus- 
tody? Accuracy and truth are the first 
and last requisites in historical records, 
and such a mistake made in a record 
now on file in the Monmouth clerk's 
office, right under the nose of the com- 



thr 



lbt 



the 



the mistake was in the certified copy, 
sent by Morris to England, but if this 
was so, a note should have been made 
of this error in the archives. 

The minutes of the court of general 
quarter sessions of the peace, now 
(1809) in Monmouth clerk's office, show 
that this court was held at Middletown 
village March 26. 1700. 

None of the citizens or residents of 
.Middletown township are represented 
on the bench. They are all from Shrews- 
bury township appointed by Hamilton, 
subsequent to December, 1699. 

CAPT. SAMUEL LEONARD. 

President. 
JEDEDIAH ALLEN. 
SAMUEL DENNIS, 
ANTHONY PINTARD, 

Justices. 



■ned, Ui. 






•w justices 
a the panel 
iy Dr. John 



ser Cottrell is first called, and he 
I I" s. rve as grand juror, be- 
lli.- justices have no legal auth- 
■• hold court, being appointed by- 
ping Scotchman. That Hamilton 
it approved by the King of Eng- 
nd had no right to commission 
The court answered this ogee- 
s' ordering "the sheriff to take 
1 into custody" for open con- 
Then Richard Salter, an Eng- 



)fes 



arose and protested against the arrest 
of Cottrell. He denied the legal right 
of the men then on the bench to hold 
court, that it was a bogus court created 



i.-lm 



The 



■s shut up 
iff to arrest 
f eloquence 



Salter by ordering the 
him. and so his stre 
ceased to flow. 

Then James Bollen, the old clerk, was 
called on to deliver up the records and 
papers of the clerk's office to the new 
clerk, Gawen Drummond. BoJJen flatly 
refused to do so. because of the serious 
questions about the legality of their 
appointment, and whether they were ;> 
lawful court, but still will give them 
up. so that they may go on with the 



bus 



111.'! 



£10,000 ($50,000) so 
sutler financially, if 
they are only sham 
usurping governor, 
nis associates appea 
quandary. They do 



EARL V />! -TCI I S1-: I TLERS OF Ah WMOUTH. 



do. Without grand jurors and the 
court records, no legal business can be 
transacted. To gain time and consult 
as to the best course, court is adjourned 
lor two hours. Lewis Morris is not 
present on the bench, but he may have 
b. en within convenient distance for 



tsult 



his 



he 



is with them at 
their two hours' consultation. or si nt 
in his opinion as to what should be 
done. At the expiration of the two 
hours, the justices again open court, 
although Lewis Morris puts in no ap- 
pearance on the bench. They have 
made up their minds as to their proper 
policy or course of action. Thej ordi r 
Cottrell and Salter discharged from 
Sheriff Stewart's custody. They knew 
if they committed them to jail, that it 
was in Middletown village and in the 
enemy's camp, and that they would at 
once be released. Neither did they dare 
order the sheriff to take them to an- 
other place, as they saw from the t< in- 
ner of the people, tnat it would be re- 
sisted by force, as did happen later. 
Therefore to gain time and avoid actual 
violence, they release the two men, but 
order Cottrell nned £3 and Salter £15 
(he being a lawyer who should know 
better), and that the sheriff should 
make their fines by seizure and sale of 
their personal property, and to have 
the money in the court to be held at 
Shrewsbury on the fourth Tuesday in 
September next. 

They also fine Daniel Hendrickson, 
John Bray, John Wilson. Jr.. Moses 
Lippet, and other Middletown men. for 
refusing to serve as grand jurors, or, 
as the record has it "contempt and mis- 
behavior before this court" in the sum 
of forty shillings each ($10.00) and or- 
der the sheriff to levy on their goods 
and sell them, and have the fines before 
next court in September Finding that 
the people will not recognize them as a 
court, and that no business can be done, 
they adjourn court, mount their horses 
and ride over to their homes in Shrews- 
bury township. There must have been 
an interesting conference at Morris' 
house in Tinton Falls that evening, 
about the "bad and wicked people of 
Middletown." 

The attempt of Sheriff Stewart to col- 
lect the fines from Salter, John Bray 
and others, led to resistance, and then 
other warrants of arrest were issued by 
the Morris justices. The sheriff and 
his deputy, Henry Leonard, in attempt- 
ing i" serve them and capture Salter 
and Bray, was set upon July 17. 1700, 
and badly beaten by Salter. Jacob Van- 
Doren, Arie (Adrian) Bennett and 



others, as has already been detailed. 

At the next court in Shrewsbury in 
September, 1700. following the above 
incidents, we find Lewis Morris sitting 
as presiding judge and the others ai- 
re. 1> named, sitting as his associates 
on the bench. 

Arie (Adrian) Bennett is brought be- 
fore the court to answer an indictment 
for assault and battery on the High 
Sheriff and Henry Leonard. Bennett 
admitted that he was present wnei, 
they "beat and wounded the sheriff and 
cracked their swords" but that he "did 
not assist with his own hand-. 

The court orders him committed to 
the sheriff's custody, until he gives 
security in £100, to appear at the next 
court. Another court is held in 
Shrewsbury by Morris and his justices 
on the 17th of October, 1700. It seems 
to have been one of Morris' special 
courts. John Tilton is committed to 
sheriff's custody for signing a seditious 
paper. 

Thomas Gordon the Scotch lawyer, is 
pies nt, and he informed the court that 
he had some money for Cornelius Conip- 
ton of Middletown, "one of those rioters 
and fellons" who refused to be arrested 
and brought before the court. The 
court orders Gordon "not to pay over 
this money until Compton was cleared 
by law." As tliis never occurred Gordon 
must -=till hive the money. Joseph 
Clark is i ■■ committed to common gaol 
f"i oi i Eii- nth, or pay a fine- of 20 
hillings for refusing to assist the jus- 
tices of tie peace to "apprehend certain 

Garrett Boels is also committed to 
gaol, unless he gives security in £20 for 
his appearance at next court to be held 
at Middletown on the fourth Tuesday 
of M irch next, and all this because 
Boi Is put his mark or cross to a "sed- 

Thomas Webly, "for contemptuous 
and reproachful words in court" and 
otherwise misbehaving himself in the 
pri si nee ol the justices, is ordered to 
pay a line of five shillings immediately. 
for the use of tlu- poor, or be put in the 
stocks for two hours. Mr. Webly pre- 
ferred to pay the five shillings at once. 
Here it would be interesting to know- 
when and how Thomas Gordon paid the 
money to the "poor." It perhaps got 
mixed up with "Compton's money." 

Then comes High Sheriff Stewart, 
with another sad and unhappy com- 
plainl about the bad men over in Mid- 
dletown. He tells the court that Gar- 
rett Wall. James Bollen and Arie 
(Adrian) Bennett, whom the court had 



EARL) />/ TCTI SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



24th last, had Eorciblj i scapi .1 from, 
run away and stayed away, so that he 
was unable to obey the orders of the 
honorable court, and have their bodies 
before the court of the Common Right 
at Perth Amboy. Whereupon the sheriff 
is again ordered to have them before 
»he court at Middletown on .March 25th 
next. 

The high sheriff also reported more 
perverse and ugly conduct on the part 
of the Middletown people. That the 
fines imposed on Richard Salter, Daniel 
Hendrickson, John Bray and others by 
the court on the 26th of March. 1700, 
for their "contempt and misbehavior.' 
before the faces of the court, he, as 
high sheriff, had been unable to collect. 
The court again ordered him to make 
the said fines out of their respective 
goods and chattels, and have the money 
before the next court. No jury is called 
and no other business is done except as 
above. 

Morris and his friends had full and 
sufficient warning and notice, that the 
Middletown people would not submit to 
and obey the courts as then constitu- 
ted. When Hamilton and Morris with 
their little army of 50 armed men had 
marched through Middletown village 
the preceding July, they had been res- 
olutely met by 100 or more determined 
men. who meant tight, il a single blow 
had been struck. They, therefore, knew 
what was likely to happen and what 
did happen at the next court at Mid- 
dletown. t To make a diversion they 
got a man named Butterworth to admit 
that he was a pirate, and had been one 
of Kidd's crew, and bound him over to 
appear at the court in Middletown on 
March 25, 1701. I should be glad to 
know the names of his bondsmen, if 
any. It was what in modern slang is 
called a -'set up job." They wanted to 
raise a new issue which would receive 
favor in England. They knew the de- 
ficient and illegal nature of Hamilton's 
commission, and that they had no 
chance in those questions. It would 
only hasten the day when the right of 
government would be taken from them 
and vested in the English crown. This 
they wanted to avoid. Those records 
were framed under the supervision of 
Morris. Hamilton or Gordon, some time 
after the occurrence. The records of 
the court of March »5, 1701, could not 
have been written up in the minutes 
until after expiration of th.-ir foui daj 

tSee letter of July 30, 1700. N. J. Arch.. 
Vol. II, p. 329-31, threateninu arrest of Morris 
and Hamilton. 



self-confesse 

The follow 

record of tl 



further attei 


opts to coerce 


• a 


nd 


drive 


the peopl 


e ol 


Middletown 1 


ou- 


nsh 


ip. 






Mar 


ch : 


!o. 


17(11. 


Monmuuth. 












At a eou 


it of 


sessions held for 


the 






MoiiMMHlt'l 


at Middletown. in the 




mty 


afore- 


slid and -, 


rovir 


ice of New Jersi 


:y: 







COL. ANDREW HAMILTON, 
Governor 
LEWIS MORRIS. 
SAMUEL LEONARD, 
Esquires of the Governor's Council 
JEDIDIAH ALLEN. 
SAMUEL DENNIS. 



The court being opened, one Moses Butter- 
worth. who whs ae< used of piracy, and had 
confessed that he had sai'ed with Capt. Kidd. 
in his last voyage, when he came from the 
East Indies and went into Boston with him. 

that he might be examined and disposed of 
according: to his majesty's orders. The said 
Butterworth was called and made his appear- 
ance. When the court was examining him. 
one Samuel Willett, an Innholder. said that 
the "governor and justices had no authority 
to hold court, and that they would break it 

He accordingly went down stairs to a com- 
pany of men, then in arms, and sent up a 
drummer, one Thomas Johnson, into the court, 
who beat upon his drum. Several of the Com- 
pany came up with their arms and clubs, 
which together with the drum continually 
beating, made such a noise (notwithstanding 
open proclamation made to be silent and keep 
the king's peace) that the court could not ex- 
there were (fs the court judged! betwixt ::n 
and 40 men with their arms and some with 
clubs, two persons, viz. Benjamin Borden and 
Richard Borden, attempted to rescue the pris- 
oner at the bar, and did take hold of him by 
the arms and about the middle and forced him 
from the bar.:!: 

The constable and under sheriff, by the com- 
mand of the court, apprehended the said Bor- 
dens upon which several of the persons in 
the court room assaulted the constable and 
under sheriff, (the drum still beating and the 
people thronging up stairs with their arms) 
and rescued the two Bordens. Upon which the 
justices and king's attorney of the province, 
after commanding the king's peace to be kept; 
and no heed being given thereto, drew their 
swords and endeavored to retake the 
and apprehend some of the persons 



$The pirate seemed very unwilling to be res- 
cued but had to be dragged out from the pro- 
tection of the court! 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



in the rescue, but were resisted and assaulted 
themselves, and the examination of the pris- 
oner torn to pieces. In the scuffle both Richard 
Borden and Benjamin Borden were wounded. 
But the endeavors of the court were not 
effectual in retaking the prisoner. He was 
rescued, carried off and made his escape.!} And 
the people, viz: Capt. Saftie Grover, Richard 
Borden, Benjamin Borden, Obadiah Holmes, 
Obadiah Bowne. Nicholas Stevens, George 
Cook, Benjamin Cook. Richard Osborne, Sam- 
uel Willett, Joseph West, Garrett Boulles, 
(Boels), Garrett Wall. James Bollen, Samuel 
r'ornian, William Winter. Jonathan Stout, 
.lam. s Stout. William Hendricks. John Bray, 
William Smith. Gershom Mott, Abner Heughs. 
George Allen, John Cox, John Vaughn, Elisha 
Lawrence, Zebulon Clayton, James Grover, Jr.. 
Richard Davis. Jeremiah Everington. Joseph 
Ashton, with others to the number of about 
100. did traitorously seize the governor, the 
justices, the king's attorney, and the under 
sheriff and the clerk of the court, and kept 

day the 25th of Maren 'till Saturday, follow- 
ing, being the 29th of the same month, and 
then released them. 

GAWEN DRUMMOND, Clerk. 



The 



!ll,.\ 



Drd 



itair 



of 



name 

the progenitors of many of the most 
reputable families in our county and 
state, and elsewhere in the United 
States, in this year 1899. They are 



ited 



irt record, 



being- guilty of rank rebellion for the 
mere purpose of enabling- a strange 
pirate to escape. We never hear of 
this man afterwards, nor is there any 
previous mention of him, nor are his 
bondsmen ever called upon to pay, be- 
cause of his departing from the court 
without leave. After serving the pur- 
pose of Lewis Morris' juggling, he van- 
ishes like a ghost. 

Governor Hamilton and his council 
send a complaint of this outbreak at 
Middletown to King William, above 
their own signatures. 

This complaint is dated in May, 1701, 
and directed to "The King's Most Ex- 
cellent Majesty. The humble petitions 
of the governor and council of your 
majesty's province of East New Jersey." 

The following extract relates to the 
Middletown affair: 



"Upon the 2 


5 th of 


March last, at 


a Court of 


Sessions held 


in the 


usual place 


at Middle- 


town, in the i 


:ounty 


of Monmouth, 


and prov- 


ince aforesaid 


. when 




your Peti- 


tioneis, Hamil 




i conjunction 


with Your 


Majesty's justices, to 


take the exai 


nination of 


a certain pir 


ate belonging to Kidd's crew 


named Mcs2S 


Butter- 


worth, pursua 


at to Your 


Majesty's stric 


it commands. While 


the pirate 


Sit does not 


appeal 


• that this pir. 


ate tried to 



escape or nrnl.- any resistance. He seel 
have been a good and docile "pirate." 
stuck to the court until forcibly dragged 



was under examination, those Libertines on 
purpcse to hinder the court's proceeding in 
that affair, sent in one of their number to beat 
a drum, and others of them rushed in to res- 
cue tne pirate, and accordingly carried him 
from the bar. To hinder the rescue and sup- 
press the rioters Your Majesty's justices, be- 
lieving it their duty to assist the sheriff and 
constables in the execution of their offices, (in 
which one of the rescuers was wounded) were 
sn-rounded by the rioters in great numbers, 
having (appearingly) on purpose appointed the 
sime day to be a training day, on which the 
court was to sit, and their destruction by them 
most insolently threatened (which had been 
most certainly executed, had the wounded died 
on the spot), and was confined by them four 
days, 'till they thought him past hazard to 
the great dishonor of Your Majesty in the 
abuse of your ministers." 

ANDREW HAMILTON. 

SAMUEL DENNIS. 

JOHN BISHOP. 

SAMUEL HALE. 

BENJAMIN GRIFFITH. 

WILLIAM SANDFORD.il" 
Finding that neither the power of the 
governor nor of the county court, grand 
jury, or sheriff, nor of the armed posse 
which Hamilton and Morris had headed 
and marched over to Middletown vil- 
lage in July, 1700, could frighten or 
cowe the people into submission — that 
any further efforts in this direction 
meant a bloody fight, Lewis Morris, in- 
stead of "spilling his blood," concluded 
like Basse, to sail for England and stir 
up the government there, to use the 
army and navy of England against the 
wicked men of Middletown, who res- 
cued pirates from the officers of the 
law and arrested and imprisoned hon- 
orable representatives of His Majesty, 
while sitting in a solemn court of jus- 
tice. Terribly bad people, Lewis Morris 
said, lived over in Middletown, and so 
he has put them on record, which has 
come down through two centuries to 
this day. .Morris accordingly sailed for 



mi. 



find him in London the 
ust. The only account of 
England, oustide of his 



h-imh 



The 



letter is now in possession of William 
S. Crawford, son of the late James G. 
Crawford of Holmdel township. A copy 
of this letter is also published in "Old 
Times in Old Monmouth," pages 283-4. 
He speaks in this letter of Lewis 
Morris as "their Champion Goliath, L. 
M." and that they have "boasted in- 



EARL Y Dl 'TCI I SETTLERS OE AIOXMOETII. 



?dibly of the 



unju 



nd further 



Hat 



heads i 



Dockwra further writes, that they 
have fully informed King William of 
the true situation of affairs, and that 
Hamilton will be rejected. He adds 
that "we, that have said less, have 
struck the mark and done more t.. rid 
you of a Scotch yoak." He saya that 
"the surrender of the proprietory gov- 
ernment of New Jersey to the English 
Crown will take place or occur in 
about two months," and concluding 
writes "I shall be pleased with the ex- 
change for an English gentleman to 
govern an English colony." 

The following petition was sent to 
William of Orange, the King, signed by 
John Ruckman, Arie Dennett. Jacob 
VanDorn, Garret Wall. Andrew Bowne, 
Daniel Hendrickson. Samuel Porman, 
John Bray and many others of the res- 
idents of Middletown township. Their 
names will all be found on pages 325 to 
328, Vol. II, N. J. Arch. Tins petition 
shows partially their side of the case 
for the consideration of the govern- 
ment of England. 

"To the King's Most Excellent Majesty: 
The remonstrance and humble petition of 
Your Majesty's loyal subjects, inhabiting in 
your Majesty's Province of East New Jersey 

That whereas Y-'nn- Majesty's humble Peti- 
tioners did remove and settle themselves in the 
said Province of East New Jersey: and by 
virtue of a license from Hon. Col. Richard 
Nicholls. Governor of said province under his 
then Royal Highness, the Duke of York, to 
purchase lands of the Native Pagans, did ac- 
cording to said license purchase lands of the 
said natives at their own proper costs and 
charges. And whereas since, his said Royal 
Highness did sell and transfer all his right 
and interest in the said province of East New 
Jersey to certain proprietors; by whose lic- 
ense several others of Your Majesty's loyal 
subjects have since also purchased lands at 
their own proper costs and charges of the 
native Pagans of the same place : whereby 
they humbly conceive they have acquired and 
gained a right and property to the s-iid Ian. Is 
so purchased. Yet notwithstanding, your Maj- 
esty's loyal subjects are molested, disturbed 
and dispossessed of their said lands by the 
said proprietors or their agents, who. under 
pretense and color of having bought the gov- 
ernment with the sail, have distrained from, 
and ejected several persons, for and under 
pretence of quitt rent and Lord's rent, where- 
by Your Majesty's liege subjects have been 
sued and put to great trouble and charges, 
and have been compelled to answer to vex- 
atious actions, and after they have defended 
their own rights, and obtained judgment in 
their favor, could not have their charges, as. 
according to law, they ought to have but have 



lg. your majesty's liege subjects have 
purchased their lands at their own proper 
costs and charges, by virtue of the aforesaid 
licenses: yet the said proprietors, governors 
or agents, without any pretended process of 
law, have given and granted the greater part 
of said lands by patent to several of the said 
proprietors and others, as to them seemed fit. 
And notwithstanding their pretence to gov- 
ernment, yet they left us, from the latter part 
of June, 1689, to the latter part of August, 



that had 



to 



giv 



the Native Pay 



our defence, or magistral 
execution. And during tl 
said proprietors have go 
najesty's province, they ha' 



ves have sold and disposed < 
to them seemed meet, they, th 

■s, have disposed of the same t 
forced them who had the proj 



rty 






which the said nativt 
resented, and often complained 
justly be feared) wait only for an opportunity 
to revenge it upon the inhabitants of this your 
majesty's province. 

And further, to manifest the illegal and 
arbitrary proceedings of the said proprietors 
in contempt of Your Majesty's laws, and 
against their own knowledge signified in a 

Jersey), wherein they say as followeth : "We 
have been obliged against our inclinations to 
dismiss Col. Hamilton from the government, 
because of a late act of parliament, disabling 
all Scotchmen to serve in places of public 
trust or profit. And obliging all proprietors 
of Colonies to present their respective gov- 
approbation. So 



have appointed 
ucceed Col. Han 



ind 



friend. J, 



,i..,l 



ed of.' 






Notwithstanding which letter they have 
superseded the said Jeremiah Basse (whom 
they wrote was approved by Your Majesty) 
and have commissioned the said Col. Hamilton 
again without Your Majesty's royal appro- 
bation, although removed before, by them ; 
as a person disabled by law. Who now by 
virtue of their, the said proprietors, commis- 
sion only, would impose himself upon us as 
governor. And when in government, before 



Basse, 

them continued about a year, after the 2">th u 
March. (1697), without taking the oath en 
joined by law". And does now presume to ex 
ercise government, not having legally take 
the said oath or having Your Majesty's roya 



The said propr 



of 



npt of Your Majesty's 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



Your Majesty's province, (being both places 
of the greatest trust, next to the governor). 
And one of the same nation to be clerk of the 
Supreme court of this Your Majesty's prov- 
ince, which may be of ill consequence in rela- 
tion to the act of trade and navigation, and 
to the great hinderance of Your Majesty's 
loyal subjects, (the power of government be- 
ing chiefly in the hands of natives of Scot- 
land) from informing against any illegal or 
fraudulent trading by Scotchmen or others in 
this province. 

We. Your Majesty's loyal subjects, laboring 
under these and many other grieveances and 
i.|.]iressioiis by t!it- proprietors of this Your 
Majesty's province of East Nev 



nble 






l'S:..h 



before 



rincely wisdom. 



usly 



Your Majesty (the fountain of justu 
imploring your maj 
pleased according to 
take into consideratio 
under the present proprietors, {if the right of 
Government is invested in them) and that 
Your Majesty will be graciously pleased to 
give your royal orders to said Proprietors, 
that with Your Majesty's royal approbation, 
they commission for governor a fit person, 
uualified according to Law, who as an indif- 
ferent judge may decide the controversies 
arising between the proprietors and the in- 
habitants of this Your Majesty's province. 
And settle all the differences which at present 
they labor under. And Your Majesty's peti- 
tioners as in duty bound shall ever pray, etc." 

Then follows signatures of over 200 
citizens, many of them residents in the 
old township of Middletown. Here we 
have an explanation of some of the 
causes which induced the people of 
Middletown to resist Hamilton and 
Mori-is. set forth in their own words. 
It is very different from the cause given 
by Morris and Hamilton in the court 
record of March 25th, 1701. These men 
had some common sense, and from their 
conduct in other matters, were influ- 
enced by righteous principles, yet Mor- 
ris would make the government in 
England believe, that they made them- 
selves criminally amenable to law. 
solely to rescue a strange pirate. 

The government by the proprietors 
was an ill-constructed and inconsistent 
one, just what we might expect to 
emanate from such scoundrels and 
tyrants as the reigning Stuarts, who 
never did anything right, except by 
mistake. 



Even the proprietory title to the soil 
has caused trouble and great loss to 
the people of this state from the time 
it began, until within the memory of 
the present generation, when they sold 
lands covered by Shark River for a 
mere song, and clouded the titles of 
msny valuable tracts of real estate on 
the coast of Monmouth county. The 
Legislative investigation of the East 
Jersey proprietors in 1881-2 shows how 
greedy and unscrupulous their methods 



Suppose the proprietors 
trol of the state governrr 
appointment of judges, as 
chance would the people 



had con- 

and the 

700, what 

'e in the 



idicate their rights. This 
ince or consideration alone 
will show the justice of the resistance 
made by our fore-fathers to their one- 

of the law. Many of the proprietors 
were speculators in real estate and ac- 
tuated wholly by mercenary motives. 
Government, law, justice, as well as 
title to the soil, were so many invest- 
ments, out of which money was to be 
made. Like the railroad and other cor- 
porations of today, they controlled gov- 
ernment to squeeze the hard cash out 
of the people. 

The breaking up of the court at Mid- 
dletown held by a usurping governor 
and his bogus justices, was the right 
thing to do at the right time. Richard 
Salter, Samuel Forman, John Bray. 
Daniel Hendrickson. Jacob VanDorn 
and the others, deserve the praise and 
gratitude of posterity for their stern 
and persistent resistance. It destroyed 
the government of these wrangling and 
contending factions, and relieved the 
peopl. from much injustice and wrong. 
Is it any wonder that the pioneer set- 
tlers of Middletown issued the "first 
Declaration of Independence" and re- 
corded it in their township book against 
the unfair and monstrous government 
by the proprietors? Such a name as we 
simple creatures "never heard of be- 
fore." they write down in their records. 

USee report of committee on modern doings 
of the N. J. proprietors among New Jersey 
legislative documents of 18S2. 



JAN GYSBERTSEN METRN AND HIS FAMILY. 



Kreijn, son of Jan Gysbertsen Metrn 
as he spelled and wrote his name, wa, 
born in Bommel, in the Netherlands 
March 10. 1650. When a boy of 1 
years, or in 1663, he came over with hi 
father to New Amsterdam. Althougl 
the father wrote his name as spelle( 
above, yet in old records of Kings coun 
ty. I,. I., and on the records of the Firs 
Dutch church of Monmouth and in ou 
county clerk's office, the name is spellec 
VanMetra, VanMetere. VanMetteren 
and in several other ways. Jan Guys 
bertsen. the father, seei-.s to have bee! 
better off financially than most of tie 

Holland emigrants. We find h lorn 

fortably settled at New Utrecht. L I. 
and one of the magistrates c,i that tow i 



1673. He 



dea. 



.■huri-h 



1683. It has 
?rs that he 



Var 



,-ho 



sed 



been thought li\ 



first 



edition of the Bible to be printed 
the English language. This book w 
printed at Zurich in 1536. and was 
great and expensive work. It 
thought that VanMeteren made t 
translations himself, but employed ; 
English scholar named Miles Coverda 



iper 



printing. 



guard against errors in the translation 
Through VanMeteren the English peo- 
ple had access to the Scriptures in their 
native tongue. They have, however, 
never exhibited any gratitude, and gave 
VanMeteren but scant credit for this 
costly and beneficial work. 

Kreijn Janse VanMater is mentioned 
as a resident of New Utrecht, and 
among those who took the oath of al- 
legiance to the English government in 
1687; the length of his residence in 
America is then stated as 24 years. 4 In 
a census of Kings county taken in 1698. 
his name is spelled "Cryn Jansen" and 
he still resides at New Utrecht and has 
a family of four children. t 

There is a tradition in the VanMatei 
family, that "Jan Guysbertsen Metrn," 
the father, refused to take the oath of 
allegiance in 1687, and soon after went 
back to his native land. That he had 
urged his son very strongly to accom- 



Vol. 



>1 N V . 



It, however. 


blue-eyed. 


Nelly Van- 


lis love for 


married at 


-683. Neeltje 


n VanCleef 



Dutch church 



Dutch church 



(180! 


)) H 




del 


and 


Atlantic townships. 


His 


firs 


t dwell 


ing, 


a log cabin, was 


ered 


:ed 


on 


the 


la 


rm where William 


Jone 


S IK 




isid 


es ii 


i Atlantic township. 


The 


old 


fa n 


lily 


bui 


-ying ground is on 


this 






'<;' 


IK 


t many of the past 
VanMaters are in- 
s but a small part 


of th 




■igir 


ial 




, K n ijn died March 



ired of talki 



EARL J DUTCH SETTLERS Ul- MOXMOTTH. 



did. for in all the world there was no 
such man. she thought. An English 
visitor on one occasion thoughtlessly 
remarked in her presence that "Kreijn" 
was a "queer, harsh name." "Nodings 
queer." exclaimed the old lady in her 
broken English, which became more so 
when she was excited. "Kreijn von 
g"oodt name, footer as effer \ as. Just 
like de singing of de birdts. ven der 
sprink veather comes, and der coldt 
vinter go avay." So she ever dwelt 
fondly on the husband of her youth 
until the summons came for her. She 
died in peace with a smile on her lips. 
for at last she would meet her Kreijn 
in the "land of the leal." never again to 
part. The old generations of the Van- 
Maters were noted for their faithful 
attachments to wife, children and kins- 
men. They labored and planned, as 
their wills show, to provide comfortable 
homes and maintain and guard against 
misfortune, those near to them by ties 
of blood. 

Kreijn Janse VanMater and Neeltje 
VanCleef had the following children: 

Jan, b. April 26. 1687. died young. 

John, b. April 17. 1688. at New Utrecht. L. 
I.; m. October 17, 1718. Ida. daughter of Ryck 
Hendrickse VanSuydam ; d. January 10, 1731, 
in Monmouth county. He was a communicant 
in our Dutch church in 1713. and his wife in 
1731. % 

Ydtje.(Ida) b. August 24. 1691. m. Jan. a 
son of Adrian Bennett and Barbery, his wife. 
Communicants in Dutch church in 1731. She 
died September 13. 1774. They had the follow- 
ing and perhaps other children: (In all 
baptisms hereafter spoken of in these articles, 
if no church is named it is to be understood 
that the dates are taken from the records of 
the First Dutch church of Monmouth). A 
child unnamed, bap. January 14. 1724 : Kryn- 
jans. bail. February 27. 1726: Neeltje, b. Nov- 
ember 29. 1728: m. June 28. 1750. John, 
youngest son of Jan Schanck and Sara Cou- 
wenhoven, his wife, of Pleasant Valley, and 
died June 1. 1810. I er husband. John 
Schanck. was born June 22. 1722: d. December 
24. 1808. Their children have been mentioned 
in a former article on the Schencks. 

Gysbert. (Gilbert) b. February 24. 1694: m. 
Maijke. (Micha) daughter of Daniel Hendrick- 
son and Kaatje VanDyke. his wife. He was 

| In Book H of Deeds, p. 211. etc.. Mon- 
mouth clerk's office, is recorded a conveyance 
from Ryk Hendrickse Suydam of Flatlands, 
Kings county. Island of Nassau, to John Van- 
Meeteren (VanMater) of Middletown township, 
for a tract of land in Middletown township 
"bounded west by Dominicus Vanderveer. east 
by Auken Leffertsen, south by Swimming 
River, and north by heirs of Quryn VanMeet- 
eren. (Kreijn VanMater). and known as No. 
4. containing 152 acres and thirteen fifty- 
sixtha parts of an acre, being the seventh part 
of a tract said Suydam with others bought of 
Col. Lewis Morris. 



a communicant in our Dutch church in 1721, 
and she in 1740. when her sister, Francyntje. 
wife of Tunis DeNeis, (Denise) also joined the 
church. Gilbert VanMater owned and lived on 
the farm where Gideon C. MacDowell now 
resides near Old Scots burying ground in the 
township of Marlboro, but formerly a part of 
Freehold township. S I do not know where he 
died or where he is buried. 

Engeltje. (Angelina) b. September 30. 1696. 
m. John Anderson. 

Benjamin, b. January 22. 1702: m. Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Jacob Laen (Lane) and 
Elizabeth Barkalow. his wife. Both were 
members of Dutch church in 1737. He died 
July 21. 1775. aged 73 years. 5 months and 29 
days, according to inscriptions on his tomb- 
stone in the VanMater cemetery. 

Cornelia, b. May 24. 1704: m. Hans (John! 
VanCleef. 

Syrenus. (Cyrenius) b. August 28, 1706, m. 
Abigail, daughter of Auke Leffeits and Maria 
TenEyck. his wife. Abigail was born March 
15, 1708: d. August 25. 1785. aged 77 years. 5 
months and 10 days. Cyrenius VanMater died 
December 28, 1787, and is buried by the side 
of his wife in the VanMater graveyard. His 
age on the tombstone is given as 80 years. 4 
months. 

Joseph, b. in Monmouth county February 5 : 
bap. Aug. 13, 1710: m. December 1. 1734, 
Sarah, daughter of Roelof Schanck and Geesie 
or Ghesye Hendrickson. his wife. Sarah 
Schanck was born May 22. 1715. and died, 
according to inscription on her tombstone in 
the VanMater cemetery, September 1, 1748, 
aged 33 years. 3 months and 9 days. Her hus- 
band rests by her side and his headstone states 
that he died October 15. 1792. aged S2 years. 
8 months and 10 days. Joseph VanMater and 
Sarah .Schanck. his wife, became members of 
the Dutch church in 1737. and were said to 



have been activ 






in 



and lived consistent lives. Their children and 
grandchildren always spoke of them with 
affection and reverence. 

The following is a certified copy ol" 
Kreijn Janse VanMater's will as filed 



rles Hubs to Guysbert 
VanMetra and Benjamin VanMetra of Middle- 
town township, dated April 19. 1727, consid- 
eration £365 for a tract of 148 1£ acres in 
Freehold township: hounded southerly by Van- 
Cleef's land, northerly by lands formerly 
Thomas Combs, northerly and easterly by 
other lands of said Hubs. In same book p. 
127, etc., is a deed from Isaac Forman and 
Elizabeth, his wife, of Freehold township, to 
"Benjamin VanMatre and Syrenus VanMatre." 
dated April 4, 1730. consideration £900. for 
25H acres in Freehold township : bounded 
southerly by Burlington road, east by lands 
formerly of Aaron Forman. west and north 
by lands formerly Robert Barclay's : and three 
other tracts adjacent to above. In Book I of 
Deeds, p. 35. etc., Benjamin VanMatre and 
Cyrenus VanMatre convey to this Gilbert Van- 
Mater by deed dated September 1, 1735, for 
i moderation of £535. one-half part of a tract 
of land in Middletown township on which said 
Gilbert VanMater then resided, being the lands 
above mentioned conveyed to them by Isaac 



EARL V 1)1 Till SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



in the office of the Secretary of State 
at Trenton. It was not proved until 
March 21, 17211, or nine years after his 
decease, although Benjamin VanCleef, 
the testator's brother-in-law, and one 
of the executors swore to it May 25. 
1720. This was not sufficient in law to 
admit lo probate. The law of New Jer- 
sey, then as now. required the oath of 
a subscribing witness, that it was ex- 
ecuted by the testator according- to the 
requirements of the statute in such 
cases made and provided. 

I Kryne VanMatre of Middletown In the 
County of Monmouth and Eastern Division of 
the province of New Jersey, Yeoman. This Six 
& Twentyeth Day of April In the 6fth Year of 
the Reign of our Soveraigne Lord George over 
Great Brittain. &c. King. Anno dom. One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Nineteen, Being 
in good and perfect health and of a Sound 
Mind and disposing .Memory, (praised be the 
Lord for the same) Doe Make and Declare 
this to be my Last Will and Testament, in 
Manner and forme as followeth, viz: First 
and principally I Recommend my Soul to 
Almighty God that gave it, and my Body to 
the earth from whence it was taken, to be 
Buryed in sjch Decent and Christian like 
manner, as to my executors hereafter named 
shall seem Meet and Convenient ; and as touch- 
ing such Wordly Goods, as the Lord In his 
Infinite and Rich Mercy I far beyond my De- 
serts) hath been pleased to bestow upon Me, 1 
Give and dispose of the same as followeth 

My Will is that all my Just Debts be Well 
and truly paid and satisfied within some con- 
venient time after my Decease, Out of my Per- 
sona! Estate by my Executors hereinaftei 

My Will is that my Son John VanMatre 
shall have and keep that Fifty one pounds 
which I formerly paid to Rak Hendrickse for 
and towards a plantation for my said Son 
John, without being accountable to my Ex- 
ecutors for the same or any part thereof. 

My will is that at the time of the Marriage 
of my Daughter Yda she shall have two Cows 
and fifteen pounds, and my daughter Angeltje 



her 
d fifteen pounds, and My Daughter 

ws and fifteen pounds to be deli vert 
?m out of my personal Estate by my 
ltors. 



(',„■- 



I Give and Bequeath to my loving Wife 
Neeltje VanMatre, the use of my plantation. 
and the Use of the Remainder of my personal 
Estate, for and during the time that she shall 
remain my Widow ; and after her decease or 
Remarriage My Will is. that the personal Es- 
tate that she has the use of. be Equally divided 
Amongst all my Chill, I, en. Namely John. Yda. 
Ghilbert. Angeltje. Benjamin, Cornelia. Siry- 
nus. and Joseph. 

I Give and Devise my whole Real Estate 
whatsoever and wheresoever, after the Death 
or Remarriage of my wife, which shall first 
happen, to my fowr Sons Namely Ghilbert 
VanMatre. Benjamin VanMatre. Sirynus Van- 
Matre and Joseph VanMatre. as followeth. viz: 
My Will is that if my Son Ghilbert shall 



within the Space of Three Years Next after 
the Decease or Remarriage of my Wife, pay 
unto my daughter Yda or her heirs, the Sum 
of Seventy-five pounds, that then I give and 
devise One full and Equal fourth part of my 
real estate to him my said Son Ghilbert, his 
Heirs and Assignes forever, and if my Son 
Benjamin, shall, within the space of Three 
"tears Next after the decease or Remarriage of 
my Wife, pay unto my Daughter Angeltye. or 
her Heirs the Sum of Seventy-live pounds, then 
I Give and Devise One full and Equal fourth 
part of my Real Estate to him. my said Son 
Benjamin, his Heirs and Assignes forever. And 
if my Son Sirinus shall live to the age of 
Twenty One Years, and shall within three 
years after the Decease or Remarriage of my 
Wife, or at the Age of Twenty-One Years, 
which shall last happen, pay to mv Son John 
or his I eirs the Sum of Seventy five pounds, 
then I give and Devise One full and equal 
fourth part of my Real Estate to him my said 
Son Sirinus his Heirs and Assignes forever. 
And if my Son Joseph shall live to the Age of 
Twenty One Years And shall within Three 
Years after the Decease or Remarriage of my 
Wife or at the Age of Twenty One Years 
which shall last happen, pay to my daughter 
the Sum of Seventy five 



then I Gi' 



Devi: 



Ren 



Durth pat 


t of my Real 


Estate to him 


my s 


aid 


on Jose, 


ih. his Heirs 


and Assignes 






,nd My 


Will is that 


if Either of 




aid 


Dwr Sons 




Life before h 


l Att 






f Twenty One Years, or leave Is 




f his Body, that then 


that fowrth 




of 


ly Estate 


be equally di 


ivided between 


the : 


Re- 



they paying that s 
party deceased w 
and I do hereby giv 



And My 

my Executors hereafter nam 

Lands in Fowr Equall parts 



Lottr 

iid fow 

And Lastly I doe hereby Revoke and Disan- 
nul! all wills by me formerly made declaring 
tiiis Only to be my last Will and Testament. 
And doe Nominate Make and Appoint my two 
friends and Brothers in Law Benjamin Van- 
Cleave and Philip Folcoertson* to be the Ex- 
ecutors of this my Last Will and Testament. 
to see the same Executed. In Testimony 
whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal the Day and Year first above written. 

Signed Sealed and published by the above 
named Kryne VanMatre as his Last Will and 
Testament in the presence of 

JACOBUS SWOT (or SMOK), 

HENDRICK SMOCK, 

JOHN LAWRENCE. 

THOMAS LAWRENCE. 

WILLM. LAWRENCE, Junr. 

Memorandum: yt on ye 21st day of March. 
1729. William Lawrence. June, and Hendrick 
Smock two of ye Subscribing Evidences to ye 
Above instrument come before me John Bar- 
clay. Surrogate, who upon their Oath Deposed 
that they saw the Above Kryn Janssen Van- 
Meteren signe seale & declare ye same to be 
his Last Will and Testament, and that at ye 
same time he was of sound mind to ye best of 



EARL ) DUTi II SI I ILERS OE MOXMOCTH. 



>ach of their knowledge & that they also saw 
ye other Evidences subscribe their names In 
presence of ye Testator. Sworne ye day & 
year above sd before Me John Barclay, Surro- 

Memorandome: yt on ye 25th day of May, 
1729, Benjamin VanCleve one of ye Executors 
In the within mentioned Last Will & Testament 
of Kyahn VanMatre, Deed, Personally Ap- 
peared before John Barclay, Surrogate, Auth- 
orized & Appoynted to take ye Prohate of 
Last Wills & Testaments was Duely sworne 
to the Execution thereof. Sworn ye day & 
yeare Above Written before Me 

JOHN BARCLAY, Surg't. 



Suy.lam, had el 



■lnl.lr 



1.— Cryn Jans. b. September 28, 1718: m. 
about 1750, Marya, daughter of Guysbert Sut- 
phen and Geertrury VanPelt. his wife. 

Cryn-jans VanMater d. in 1766. They had 
the following children : 

John. bapt. August 19. 1753 : m. Elizabeth 
Hance or Hons. 

Engeltje, bapt. March 31, 1755. 

Guysbert. bapt. July 31, 1757 ; married a 
Widow Clayton. 

Anne, b. 1759, died young. 

Isaac, bapt. November 2. 1760. 

Neeltje. bapt. February 2. 1766. 

2.— Ryck (Richard) b. April 16, 1720; m. 
Micah or Martha Osbourne. and had the fol- 
lowing children : 

Eyda, (Ida) bapt. June 9, 1751, at Presby- 
terian church of Freehold. On pages 132-3 of 
Symmes History of Old Tennent church, date 
of baptisms of several of Ryck's children are 
given. Mr. Tennent. the pastor, has entered 
on the records that Ryck VanMater stated the 
reason for coming to him, instead of going to 
the Dutch Dominie was "that his wife could 
not speak Dutch." This was true, for his wife 
belonged to the English family of Osbournes 



iided 



Ma 



for 



Jannetje. (Jane) bapt. April 15, 1753. 

John, bapt. August 24. 1755 ; m. Sarah Hen- 
drickson. 

Catharine and Mary (twins) bapt. June 22, 
1758. 

William, bapt. June 22. 1760. 

Eleanor or Nelly, bapt. Feb. 13, 1763: m. 
Jacob Schenck. 

I am under the impression that one 
..i more of their children became own- 
ers of a tract of land on the south side 
of Wreck Pond in the present township 
,.i Wall, but then Shrewsbury. I am, 

prove this. The son William, baptized 
June 21', 1760, married Martha Ward. 
His will is recorded in Rook C of Wills, 
p. 136, Monmouth Surrogate's office. It 
was dated Much 28. 1828. and proved 
August 31. 1829. 



4.— Jannetje. b. October 29. 1724; m. Aart, 
son of Guysbert Sutphen and Geertrury Van- 
Pelt, his wife. He was bap. April 13, 1718. 

This couple had the following children bap- 

Guisbert, bap. August 20, 1743 ; Jan. Nov- 
ember 3. 1745; Geertje, February 14. 1748. 

5.— Neeltje, bap. August 14, 1728: m. John 
VanLieu, I no other knowledge). 

6. —Marya, b. January 7. 1731 : m. first, 
Peter Lefferts, second. John Bennett. By 
Peter Lefferts she had 

Maria, bap. August 3, 1750 ; m. Barnes J. 
Smock: d. January 27. 18S2. aged 71 years, 10 
months, according to her tombstone in the 
Lefferts and Logan graveyard on the old Gar- 
ret Schanck farm near Vanderburg in Atlan- 
tic township. Her husband, known as Capt. 
Barnes J. Smock of the Monmouth militia dur- 
ing the greater part of our Revolutionary war, 
and at its close as Col. Smock, was born Jan- 
uary 29. 1756: d. January 30. 1834, aged 78 
years and 1 day, according to the inscription 
on his tombstone, is buried by her side.f 

Krinjans. bap. February 14. 1762. 

John, buried in Lefferts and Logan grave- 
yard. Tombstone gives date of death Nov. 8. 



183S, aged 74 



ife. 



Zilpha, is buried by his side. 

Lefferts. I think he is the Leffert Lefferts 
who owned and resided on a farm in Upper 
wnship during the middle part of 



the 



Engeltje. b. March 31. 1755. 

7.— Eyda (Ida) b. February 12. 1733; bap. 
March 14 following: m. Benjamin, son of Jan 
Derrickse Sutphen and Engeltje Bennett, his 
wife. He was bap. November 14. 1758. 

8. — John b. February 7, 1735 : died young. 

9.— Cornelia or Catharine, b. July 4. 1737 : 
m. Stoffle (Christopher) Logan, and d. Jan- 
uary 19. 1806 : buried in Lefferts and Logan 
yard. Her husband's tombstone gives date of 
his death November 11. 1823: age 89 y, 3 mos, 
13 d. They had the following children: 

Sarah, b. April 11. 1760; m. John L. Ben- 
nett; buried in Lefferts Logan graveyard 
Tombstone gives date of death March 6. 1833, 
age 72 y, 10 m, 22 d. I er husband died Nov- 
ember 27, 1843, aged 86 y, 7 m, 27 d., accord- 
ing to his tombstone. 

Eyda. b. 1760. died young. 

Eyda. b. , and perhaps others. 

10.— Cornelius, bap. August 14, 1739. 

11. — Geertje. bap. November 27. 173! : m. 
about 1764, Aart VanDerbilt. and had the 
following children baptized: 

Hendrick, January 20, 1765. 

Ida. August 16, 1767. 

Jeremiah and Joseph, (twi 



Dec. 16 



lM at.'!' 



ry 14. 



722. ha 



Feb. 



mi- where th< y settled. Bi sides, man; 
of their descendants who emigrated t< 
other parts of New Jersey and othe 
states, adopted different ways of spell 
ing their surnames, as VanMeter, Van 



Ma 



YanMei 



n. VanMi 



EARLY />/ TCH SETTLERS OF MONMOl /// 



t Colonel Barnes J. Smock's will is recorded 
in Book C of Wills, p. 310, etc., JMonmouth 
Surrogate's office. It is dated October 17. 
1832, proved February 10. 1834. He describes 
himself as a resident of Middletmvn township. 
He gives Philip Tunison. son of his sister 
Rebecca. $200. To children of his sister, 
Eleanor Longstreet. $300. To Catherine Wil- 
burt and Phoebe Stephen, children of his sis- 
ter, Sarah Smock. $200. To John Lefferts, 
brother of his deceased wife. $500 ; to chil- 
dren of his sister, Phoebe Longstreet. $500. 



The residue of his estate is 


i given absolutely 


to the celebrated lawyer of 


that day in New 


Jersey, Garret D. Wall, who 


is also made sole 




Col. Smock had 


been taken prisoner by some 


of the Monmouth 


Tories and incarcerated in 


the Sugar House, 



where he suffered great hardships and indig- 
nities at the hands of the infamous Cunning- 
ham. He was once taken out to be executed, 
but by the intercession of Col. Elisha Law- 
rence, who commanded a battalion of the 
American Loyalists and who had been sheriff 
of Monmouth under the King, and who knew 
Smock, he was reprieved. He never forgot 
or forgave these insults He was a man of 
gigantic size, with very long legs, and was 
nicknamed "Leggy Barnes," on this account. 
He had a fierce temper which Hashed out like 
fire. With him it was a word and a blow and 
the blow often came first. The Tories and 
such as sympathized with them he hated with 
a bitter hatred, and on the slightest provo- 
cation would assault them with great violence. 
Our court records for many years after the 
Revolutionary war show many indictments 
against him for as-s-uilt and battery. He was 



generally defended by Garret D. Wall, who 
either cleared him or got him off with a mod- 
erate fine. In gratitude for these services he 
made this lawyer his residuary legatee and 
devisee, for he had no children. There are 
many stories told of his daring and adven- 
tures. He is said to have met his death in 
trying to drive for a wager close along the 
high bluff on the south side of the Shrewsbury 
river about opposite the Globe Hotel in Red 
Bank. That a portion of the sod near the 
edge of the bluff had been undermined by a 
late storm, and when the wheel of his car- 
riage struck there it caved, and threw car- 
riage and horses from the top of the bluff to 
the beach below. Strange to say neither his 
horses nor his negro driver were hurt, but he 



had 



He 






ndshii 



bitter in his enmities. He owned and resided 
on the farm next to the Charles Lloyd farm, 
in the present township of Holmdel, owned 
and occupied by Joseph I. VanMater until 
(recently. The Charles Lloyd farm was owned 
and occupied by Hanius Smock of the Artillery 
Company, and his son Barnes lived on the 
adjoining farm where the children of John I. 
Crawford now reside. Col. Barnes J. Smock 
owned a horse called Paoli. He thought more 
of this horse than of anything else in the 
world. Many stories are told of the intelli- 
gence and alfet'tioii displayed by this animal 
for his master. In some of the accounts of 
the fatal accident at Red Bank, it is said he 
was riding Paoli, and was not in a carriage. 



GILBERT VAN MATER, HIS DESCENDANTS, AND 
HIS WILL. 



Cyrenius. baptized lir.cmt.er 15, 1725: mar- 
ried Mary Heard. 

Daniel, b. January 23. 1728, m. December 29. 
175-1. Mary, daughter of Rulif Corneliuse Cov- 
enhoven and Sarah Voorhees. his wife. She was 
horn July IB. bap. August 26, 1737 : d. Novem- 
ber 8, 17B7, and interred in VanMater grave- 
yard ; her age is stated on the tombstone as 
",0 yeais, 3 months and 11 days. Daniel died 
in London. England, October 8, 1786, and ac- 
cording to tradition in the VanMater family 
vas honored by interment in Westminster 
Abbey. 

John, bap. August 23. 1731 : m. Elizabeth 
Carroll, Carle or Kerle. 

Neeltje. (Eleanor) b. in 1733: m. February 
22. 1775, Edmund Bainbridge. 



'■ Edmund or Edmond Bainbridge with 
Anderson (clerk) and two others, were i 
ed for a riot in 1747. (Vol. VII. N. J. 
page 4 55.| The coincidence of name: 
above Edmund Bainbridge's wife was a 
of John Anderson who married her father 



John 



bridge and Simon Wyckofl' headed a crowd of 
men who knocked down the sheriff of Middle- 
sex county, and broke open the jail at Amboy 
to release John Bainbridge, Jr.. on the 17th of 
July. 1747. See the letter of Sheriff Deare. 
and the affidavit of particulars on pages 463 to 
171. Vol. VII. N. J. Arch. Also charge of 
Judge Neville to the grand jury, page 156. 
Idem. -Also letter of Robert H. Morris, page 
471. Idem. This Morris was then Chief Jus- 
tice of New Jersey, and had been lifted to this 
high position by his father, Lewis .Morris, 
Governor of New Jersey. The artfulness and 
craft shown in this letter mark him as a true 
chip of the old block. His father, Lewis Mor- 
ris, died in 1746. in the midst of popular tu- 
mults and disorders similar to those which oc- 
curred at the beginning of his political career 
in 1699-1700. and caused by similar selfish ex- 
actions and ruthless measures of the Propri- 
etors. I am in doubt as to what relationship 
if any. existed between this Edmund Bain- 
bridge who married Eleanor VanMater and 
the Edmund who was implicated in this out- 
break of 1747. John Andersm married Angel- 
ina VanMater prior to 1717 



EARL) DUTCH SETTLER'S OF MOXMOC'TH. 



Hendrick. or Tarry, bap. September 11. 1737. 
went to England with his brother Daniel, 
after the Revolutionary war. and was in 
England at the time of his brother's death. 
Since then nothing was ever heard of him. so 

Joseph, bap. September 30, 1739. m. Cath- 
arine, daughter of James Kearney of Chin- 
■lueroras. as the region about Keyport was 
then called. She was b. July 26. 1752. and 
died May 10. 1807, aged 54 years. 9 months 
and 20 days, and is buried by her second hus- 
band, Rulif VanMater, in the VanMater cem- 

Octo- 



The following is a copy of the will of 
Gilbert VanMater. father of the above 
seven children: 

Will of Guysbert (Gilbert) VanMater. 

In the name of God. Amen. I Gisbert Van- 
Mater of Freehold, in the County of Monmouth 
and the Eastern division of the Province of 
New Jersey, being weak in body but of sound. 
disposing mind, and memory; considering the 
uncertainty of this life, do make this to be my 
Last Will and Testament. In manner follow- 

And first recommending my Soul into the 
hands of Almighty God. who gave it; into 
whose Kingdom notwithstanding my own un- 
worthiness, I hope to be received through the 
merits and intercession of my blessed Savior, 
and Redeemer, Jesus Christ. My body I will 
to be buried at the discretion of my Executors 
hereinafter named. 

And as touching such temporal estate where- 
with it has pleased Ood to bless me in this 
life. I will, devise and dispose of the same in 
the following manner, and form: 

First I will that all my just debts be duly 
and truly paid in some convenient time after 
my decease, by my three youngest sons, John. 
Hendrick and Joseph. 

Item. I have already given to my two eldest 
sons. Cyrenius and Daniel VanMater, a planta- 
tion I formerly owned at the Scotch Meeting 
House, and to my eldest son Cyrenius. a 
negro wench — Nann— and my long gun for 
his birthright, and other goods and chattels; 
and to my son Daniel his negro Frank and 
other goods and chattels. I have already 
given my two eldest sons what I intend to 
give them. Secondly I give, devise and be- 
queath to my three youngest sons, John, 
Hendrick and Joseph, all my real estate, lands, 
and meadows whatsoever, and rights of lands 
which I am now seized and possessed of, in- 
terested in or entitled to, and to their heirs, 
executors, administrators, and assigns for- 
ever. To each an equal third in quantity, and 
in quality, to be divided by my executors here- 
inafter named. If my above named three sons 
or either of them, choses, it to be upon them- 
selves, after the above named debts are paid 
or before, if my executors think fitt and 
proper. 

Item. I give, devise and bequeath to my 
eldest daughter Nelly, my negro wench Matt, 
and her child Sally, and a horse and saddle 



at eight shillings per ounce, for her outset, 
if she marry within the term of six years. 
If she should not in six years, then at the 
expiration of six years to be paid to her out 
of my estate, the aforesaid fifty pounds and 

Item. My will is that my son John shall 
pay to my daughter Nelly the sum of fifty 
pounds money es aforesaid for part of her 
legacy, on or before six years after my death. 

Item. My will is that my son Hendrick 
shall pay to my daughter Nelly the sum of 
fifty pounds, money as aforesaid, for part of 
her legacy on or before seven years after my 
decease. 

Item. .My will is that my son Joseph shall 
pay to my daughter Nelly the sum of fifty 
pounds, money as aforesaid, for the last part 
of ' her legacy on or before the term of " eight 
years after my decease. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my youngest 
daughter. Catharine, my negro wench Maryann 
and horse and saddle, and, when she marries, 
three cows and fity pounds in money as afore- 
said for her outset; but if she shall not marry 
within the term of six years then the fifty 
pounds and three cows to be paid to her out 

Item. It is my will that my son John shall 
pay to my daughter Catharine, the sum of 
fifty pounds money aforesaid, on or before the 
term of nine years after my decease, for 
part of her legacy. 

Item. It is my will that my son Hendrick 
shall pay to my daughter Catharine the sum 
of fifty pounds money aforesaid, before nine 
years after my decease, for part of her legacy. 

Item. It is my will that my son Joseph 
shall pay to my daughter Catharine the sum 
of fifty pounds money as aforesaid, on or be- 
fore the term of ten years after my decease 
for the last part of her legacy. 

I mean in the whole, to be paid to my 
daughters two hundred pounds in cash each, 
as before described already. 

Item. In case either of my daughters should 
lose their negro wenches, which I have given 
them, either Matt or Maryann (but not 
Sally t then I give either Pegg or Betty, as 
they shall see cause to chose, or both if they 
should die, they said Matt and Maryann. That 
U before my said daughters should marry, or 
either of them: but if married and then die. 
then no other in their stead or after the ex- 
Item. I give, devise and bequeath the re- 
maining part of my negroes to my youngest 
three sons, John. Hendrick and Joseph, to be 
equally divided amongst them, as my executors 
shall see fitt, excepting them already given. 

Item. I give devise and bequeath all my 
household goods within doors, equally to be 
divided amongst my three youngest sons and 
two daughters, to be divided in six years after 
decease equally. 



Iter 



m<! bequeath the 



miiiiiinu 


part 


of my 


stock, g 


.i.ids am 


1 chattels. 


and all 


my 


farmei 


















before I 






o my t 




i. John. 


Hendrick 


and Joi 


*ph. 


to be 


equally 


divided 


amongst 


them at 


the 


discreti 


on of m 






Item. 


It 


is my ' 




if my 




should t 


hi ii k 


my daughters s 


h.mld n. 


>t he well 



EARLY DITCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



their power to board them at their discretion 
at such place and places as they shall see 
cause, out of my estate, until -they marry or 
until their legacies become due. 

Item. My will is that, if either of my 
daughters should die without issue of their 
bodv, then the other to be heir. 

Item. My will is if either of my sons die 
without issue of their body, the others of my 
sons to be their heirs and the said lands to 
fall to them living. 

And lastly I do hereby nominate, constitute 
and appoint my two eldest sons. Cyrenius and 
Daniel VanMater. both of the County of 
Monmouth aforesaid, to be executors of this 
My Last Will and Testament, hereby revoking 
all former wills by me in anywise heretofore 
made, and declaring this to be my Last Will 
and Testament. In witness whereof I have 

hereunto put my hand and sea! the day 

of October in the year 1758. 

GISBERT VANMATER. (L. S.) 

The copy is in possession of Mrs. 
Margaret Fick. wife of ex-sheriff Fick 
of New Brunswick, Middlesex county, 
N. J. She was a daughter of Joseph 
VanMater and Margaret Rapelje, his 
wife, born July 6, 1860, and grand- 
daughter of Holmes VanMater and 
Micha. his wife, (daughter of Gilbert 
VanMater, grandson of above testator, 
who resided on Long Island.) 

I do not know whether the will was 
admitted to probate, but presume it 
was, or else the devisees and legatees 
therein named were, VanMater like, 
governed by their father's wishes with- 
out regard to any legal compulsion. For 
the court records of Monmouth county 
show that the VanMaters have seldom 
engaged in litigation, either among 
themselves over family settlements, or 
with their neighbors. I do not know 
of any divorce or criminal suits among 
the past generation of the family. They 
have minded their own business and let 
others alone. Neither have they courted 
popularity for the sake of office or 
honors, but if anything have been re- 
tiring and modest in their claims and 
assumptions. They have as honorable 
record as any family in the county, 
considering their numbers and the long 
time they have resided in Monmouth. 

Cyrenius, the eldest son named in the 
above will, was a miller and farmer. 
By his wife, Meary Heard, he had the 
following children: 

John H., born (there is no record, he may 
have died young). 

Gilbert, born , died single in 1807. 

Leaves a will recorded in Book A of Wills, 
p. 194. Surrogate's office of Monmouth. It is 
dated May 6 and proved May 12, 1807. 

William, born Nov. 27. 1772, married Dec- 
ember 24, 1797, Mary, daughter of Garret 
Hendrickson and his second wife, Lena Van- 
Liew, and died May 9, 1844. Mary Hendrick- 



son, his wife, was baptized May 2. 1779. 

Mary, baptized, , died unmarried in 

1813. leaves will dated April 19, 1808. proved 
Sept. 25. 1813, recorded in book A of wills, p. 
662, Monmouth Surrogate's office. She des- 
cribes herself as the daughter of Cyrenius 
VanMater. a miller. She mentions Cyrenius. 
son of her brother William VanMater, and 
Mary, daughter of her sister Micha. wife of 
Samuel Tilton. She devises all her property 
in fee to Cyrenius Tilton, son of her sister 
Micha. John W. Holmes and Micha Tilton 
are appointed executors. 

Maykee (Micha) born . married Samuel 

Tilton. 

Phoebe, born December 21, 1773. married 
January 20. 1791, Hendrick, son of Garret 
Hendrickson and Catharine Denise, his wife, 
died, March 12, 1836. t 

Phoebe VanMater and Hendrick Hen- 
drickson, aforesaid, had the following 
children: 



1800. 

William Heard, b. Sept. 22, 1795, d. Aug. 9, 
1855, buried in homestead yard aforesaid. 

Eleanor, b. Dec. 7, 1797. d. June 22. 1806. 

Garrett, b. Feb. 21. 1800, d. June 3. 1866, m. 
Angelina, daughter of Wynant Bennett of 
Long Island, who was barn July 13, 1813, d. 
Sept. 24, 1876. Both buried in Long Island. 

Cyrenius. b. Mar. 30, 1802, m. Sept. 18, 1823, 
Ida. daughter of Joseph VanMater and Ida 
Hendrickson. his wife. d. May 17. 1870, buried 
on homestead farm at Holland aforesaid. 

Denyse. b. July 4, 1804. 

Elinor, b. May 11. 1806. 

Catharine, born — no record. 

William VanMater, born November 
27, 1772, by his wife, Mary Hendrick- 
son, had the following children: 

Cyrenius, b. July 1, 1798; m. Elinor Hen- 
drickson ; d. Dec. 18. 1882. 

Rulif, b. , who went West and settled 

Gilbert, b. July 10. 1802 ; m. Sarah Taylor : 
d. Feb. 6, 1881. 

Garret, b. . m. Harriet Hopping : d. at 

Chapel Hill in 1879. leaving two children. 

t A marriage license was granted to Garrett 
Hendrickson, (son of Hendrick Hendrickson 
and Neeltje Garretse Schanck, his wife) and 
Catharine (daughter of Tunis Denise and 
Francyntje Hendrickson, his wife) December 
8, 1755. Garrett Hendrickson died December 
18, 1801, aged 67 years, 10 months and 10 
days, according to his tombstone in the Hen- 
drickson burying ground on farm of late Sen- 
ator W. H. I.endrickson at Holland in Holm- 
del township. His wife, Catherine Denise. is 
interred by his side. She was born May 8, 
1732. baptized June 4th following, and died 
September 8. 1771. aged 39 years. 4 months. 
Hendrick, their son. and Phoebe VanMater. his 
wife, are also buried in this graveyard. Hen- 
drick died June 6, 1837, aged 72 years, 10 
months and 7 days. Phoebe, his wife, died 
Mar. 12, 1836. aged 62 years, 2 months and 2 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLER'S OE MO.XMOLTU. 



John H. and Mary. John H. VanMater is 
now a practicing physician of good standing 
at Atlantic Highlands. Garret VanMater left 
a will and codicil. The last was dated Dec. 
13, 1878 ; proved Sept. 6, 1879 ; recorded in 
book M of wills, p. 494, Monmouth Surro- 
gate's office. 

Elinor, b. 1815. 

Catharine, b. : m. William Story. 

Daniel, second son of Gilbert Van- 
Mater, and Micha Hendriekson, married 
Mary Conover aforesaid, and had the 
following children: 

Tryntje. (Catharine) b. Ap. 5, 1756; m. 
Aug. 14. 1774. Henry Disbrow and had three 
sons and one daughter Mary, who married 
Rev. Henry Polhemus. One of his sons. John 
H. Disbrow, married Sarah VanMater, his 
cousin. 

Sarah, b. Aug. 13, 1759 ; m. Benjamin Van- 
Mater July 12. 1778. d. Sept. 5. 1840; buried 
in VanMater yard by her husband. 

Gilbert, b. June 7, 1762 : m. Margaret 
Sprague. widow of a Rapelye on Long Island. 
He removed to Brooklyn and lived on Long 
Island until his death. July 6. 1832. He had 
six daughters and two sons. One of his 
daughters. Sarah, b. Aug. 15, 1793, m. her 
cousin, John Henry Disbrow. above mentioned. 
Another daughter. Micha, b. Aug. 21. 1795. m. 
Holmes, son of Chrineyonce VanMater and 
Huldah Holmes, his wife. Holmes VanMater 
resided on the Academy farm in the village 
of Holmdel and was famous for his fast and 
thoroughbred horses. 

Micah, b. Jan. 20. 1764. m. first Daniel Pol- 
hemus who died Jan. 29. 1820. aged 57 years, 
and married second George Clark. 

Nelly, b. July 20, 1766, d. in infancy. 



Jan or John, third son of Gilber 
VanMater and Micha Hendriekson, mar 
ried Elizabeth Carrol, Carle or Kerl< 
and had at least two daughters. 

The fifth son of Gilbert VanMater an 
Micha Hendriekson was Joseph, wh 



married Catharine Kearney, or Karney. 
as they spelled it. The descendants of 
this couple became known as the 
"Kearny VanMaters." and were noted 
for the marked difference in their char- 
acters, from the past generations of the 
family, and from the descendants of 
the other branches. They had the fol- 
lowing children; 

Rulif, bap. July 16. 1775.— no other record. 

Joseph Kearney, b. ; m. Sept. 10, 1794, 

Ida Hendriekson. daughter of Garrett Hen- 
driekson and Lena VanLieu. his sceond wife. 
He owned and resided on a farm west of Colts 
Neck and on the south side of the turnpike 
to Freehold, nearly opposite the Thomas Ryall 
farm, formerly known as the Stoutenburg 



Joseph K. VanMater, by his wife, Ida 
Hendriekson, had the following chil- 
dren: 

Ida. b. May. 1795. m. Sept. 18, 1823, Cyren- 
ius Hendriekson of Pleasant Valley, and were 
the parents of the late I enry D. Hendriekson. 
so well known to the present generation of 
people in this county, and of Catharine, wife 
of the late Joseph L. Tunis, who owned and 
resided on a farm near Wickatunk and died 
a few years ago. 

James Kearny, b. Nov. 11, 1807, m. Eliza- 
beth VanMater and died childless on Nov. 25. 
1850. His will is dated March 24, 1849 : proved 
Dec. 12, 1850, and recorded in Book F of 
Wills, p. 44. He leaves all his personal and 
real property equally to his three sisters. Ida. 
wife of Cyrenius Hendriekson, Ann K. Van- 
Mater and Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Prohasco. 
Ann K., b. May 11, 1815, m. Benjamin Van- 
Elizabeth, b. Feb. 1, 1820. m. Joseph Probas- 
co and had the following children by him: 

James K.. Robert. Johanna. Hulda. Mary 
Jane. Hendrick and Cyrenius. 



DANIEL AND HENDRICK VAN MATER WHO 
JOINED THE KING'S ARMY. 



Daniel and Hendrick. two of the sons 
of Gilbert VanMater and Micha Hen- 
driekson, and named in his said will, 
enlisted at the beginning of the Rev- 
olutionary war in the first battalion of 
Skinner's brigade. commanded by 
Elisha Lawrence of Upper Freehold 
township, and who was the last col- 
onial sheriff under King George III in 
Monmouth county. The majority of 
Americans who belonged to this com- 
mand of Col. Lawrence's were doubt- 
less natives of this county, which then 
included Ocean county. They were 



called the New Jersey Royal Volun- 
teers, but were popularly known from 
the color of their uniforms as the 
"Greens," or "Skinner's Greens." Many 
of the men who thus joined the British 
army were conscientious and honorable 
men and carried on war in an open, 
soldier-like way. They were widely 
different from the Refugees at Sandy 
Hook, the Pine Robbers, and other des- 
peradoes who took advantage of the 
unsettled times to plunder and murder. 
The people, however, who suffered from 
their depredations were not in any con- 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOL TH. 



dition of mind to make a distinction be- 
tween the Americans who sided with 
the British. 

One of the sisters of these two Van- 
Maters had married a Bainbridge who 
belong-ed to an intensely loyal family, 
and one of their brothers, Joseph, had 
married a Kearny, a family likewise 
strong on that side. They were also 
socially intimate with Col. Blisha Law- 
rence, the Ex-Sheriff, with Ex-Sheriff 
John Taylor of Middletown, and other 
old colonial officials who had sworn 
allegiance to the king- of Great Britain. 
It was perhaps these social, family and 
political influences which carried them 
away from their Dutch kindred into the 
ranks of the enemy. The same extrav- 
agant promises of royal approbation, 
honors and reward, were doubtless 
made to them, as to other Americans 
by the British officials and ag-ents to 
g-et them to enlist. 

At the close of the Revolutionary war 
they found themselves stripped of all 
their property, their families broken up 
and scattered, and themselves exiled 
from their homes and friends. They 
went to England. I think, with Col. 
Elisha Lawrence, in order to get some 
recognition from the English govern- 
ment for their services and losses, for, 
according to Lawrence's affidavit here- 
inafter printed, he was in London at 
the same time, and it was evidently 
made to help Daniel VanMater with his 
claims against the government. This 
affidavit is otherwise historically im- 
portant, because it shows that Colonel 
Lawrence, with part or all of his com- 
mand, was in Monmouth as early as 
December, 1776, arresting prominent 

people were disorganized, with many 
non-committal among them. Lawrence 
seems to have met with no resistance 
in capturing the "rebels," as they were 
called. This. too. helps explain the 
letter written by Hendrick VanBrunt 
nnd others to Governor Livingston of 
New Jersey, printed on pages 261-3 of 
"New Jersey Revolutionary correspon- 
dence." This letter is dated September 
15. 1780. In it they write that the cap- 
tivity of some of them has lasted near- 
ly four years. This would agree with 
the time Lawrence says he was in Mon- 
mouth county taking prisoners, viz., 
December, 1776. Among the Monmouth 
officers named in captivity in 1780, we 
rind Major Hendrick VanBrunt. Col. 
Auke Wyckoff, Capt. Jonathan Holmes. 
Lieut. James Whitiock, Lieut. Tobias 
Polhemus. Capt. Jacob Covenhoven, Col. 
John Smock. Capt. Barnes Smock and 
Henry Smock. It seems that some of 



lished in captivity 
rid it may be that 
not exchanged or 
ir closed, 
and his brother 
hope 



these men had la 
nearly four years 
some of them w« 
released until the 
Daniel VanMat 
Hendrick, had all 

ernment aid outside of grants of land 
in Canada, dashed to the ground. Like 
other American loyalists who had been 
seduced by the fine and extravagant 
promises the English are so prone to 
make, when they need help or favors, 
they found only coldness and ingrati- 
tude on the part of the high-caste 
Englishmen, misnamed "nobility." who 
acted and spoke for the government, 
and who really control the government 
of Great Britain for their class inter- 
ests. The following extract from the 
proceedings of the British House of 



help and 



the membt 



n June 19. 1820, 
;ward they got, 
■thing. Mr. Will 
:-s. speaking of t 



sho\ 



what 



:lai 



the Ar 



nore than 30 year 



accrued. Three-fourths of the claim- 
ants are dead, and many of them died 
of broken hearts." Mr. Lockhart, an- 
other member, said, "The American 
Loyalists have never received any com- 
pensation for their losses." 

Daniel VanMater died in London, 
England. October 8, 1786. without re- 
ceiving any compensation except a 
grant of land in bleak Nova Scotia. I 
doubt also the truth of the tradition 



handed dc 
that he w 



ied 



e VanMa 
ig- the he 



and great men who lie in Westminster 
Abbey. I think he had lost and suffered 
enough for the English government, to 
entitle him to this honorable grave, but 
he bore a Dutch name, and was a 
stranger from over the seas, and why 
should they care to bury his poor corpse 
when he was no longer of any service 
to them? In the eyes of the so-called 
"nobility" or the Brahmin caste of 
Sngland, he was no better than a dead 
dog who had fetched and carried for 
them in his lifetime. 

The following papers which belonged 
to him were probably sent to his chil- 
dren by his brother, Hendrick Van- 
Mater. after his death: 

[Addressed) 

"General Burch. Commandant etc.." 
[Endorsed] 
"Referred for inquiry to the police." 

S. B. 
[Below] "This matter is one that must be 
decided after troops are gone." 

D. MATKEWS. Mayor. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MO.XMOl Ltl. 



h. Commandant of the City of 



writings of Gen. Burch and Mayor Mathev 
of New Yo 

"General 
New York, 

The humble memorial of Daniel VanMater 
most respectfully showeth : 

Whereas your humble memorialist hath a 
cousin in New Jersey, who was brought up in 
our family. Built a schooner for his own pri- 
vate use, and she was impressed in the Pro- 
vincial service in order to carry the cannon 
and sick to Brunswick. The British took the 
said schooner and converted her to their own 
service, where she has remained until lately, 
and now is in the hands of Captain Nailler, 
by the name of Schooner Pool. Your humble 
memorialist claims the said schooner by a. 
deed of gift from under the hand of his cousin 
Cornelius Covenhoven. Now your humble 

memorialist prays, as she never was condemn- 
ed and made a prize to the British, that the 
General will grant an order that said Captain 
Nallier shall deliver up the said schooner to 
your humble memorialist, or show cause why 
he detains the said Schooner Pool in his pos- 
session. Your humble memorialist shall be in 
duty bound to ever pray 

DANIEL VAN MATER. 

May ye 20th, 1783. * 

As this claim was returned to him, it 
appears, they did not or could not re- 
turn his schooner. Soon after this he 
must have sailed for England to push 
his claims there. The following affi- 
davit shows that he was in London in 



AFFIDAVIT OF COL. ELISHA LAWRENCE. 
Elisha Lawrence maketh oath that he has 
known Mr. Daniel VanMater, late of Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, in North America, 
many years previous to the late rebellion in 
America. That Mr. VanMater has always 
shown the strongest attachment to his Majes- 
ty's Person and Government. That in Decem- 
ber 1776, this Deponent was ordered into the 
said County of Monmouth. Mr. VanMater was 
very active in rendering every assistance to 
the Troops, and disarming and taking Rebels 
prisoners. That he with some others took 
Tunis Vanderveer. a Rebel Captaint of Militia 
and some Privates and brought them unto this 
Deponent. That this Deponent as Sheriff of 
the said County of Monmouth, sold to Mr. 
VanMater part of the farm he possessed at 
the commencement of the Rebellion, as will 
appear by the titles, and is well acquainted 
with the land, and thinks it was worth about 
that time at least £8.00 ($40.00) per acre. 
New York currency. This Deponent is also 

* The English army evacuated New York in 
the month of November, 1783. 

t This is a mistake about Tunis Vanderveer 
being a rebel captain. He was a sergeant, and 
lived where his great-great-grandson^ David 
Arthur Vanderveer, now lives in 
township. He was a bold, resolute 
patriot. He was in the British pi is 
York at the same time Gai 
there. They were released at the same time 
and came home together, as they were quite 
near neighbors. 



Wyckoff was 



well acquainted with Thomas Leonard and 
John Longstreet, Esqrs. Thinks them to be 
iio.,,1 judges of land and particularly acquaint- 
ed with Mr. VanMater's land, and from their 
characters, thinks that the greatest credibility 
may be given to their testimony. And fur- 
ther saith that Mr. VanMater was esteemed 
an Honest Man, as far as this Deponent Know- 
eth. As to the value of Mr. VanMater's mov- 
able estate the Deponent cannot pretend to 
say. Ke Knew he had many Negro Slaves and 
a considerable stock on his farm of all kinds, 
and in particular it was a general received 
opinion that Mr. VanMater's horses were some 
of the best in the country. 

COL. ELISHA LAWRENCE. 

London, March 2nd. 1785. 

[Endorsed] Copy of Col. Elisha Lawrence's 
deposition. 

In a letter from Cyrenius VanMater 
to his brother, Daniel VanMater, dated 
March 28, 1785, he speaks of the death 
of "Rike VanMater" about January 1. 
1785. On the inside page is a letter ad- 
dressed to Harry VanMater (Hendrick 
was his baptismal name). This is also 
signed "Your Affectionate Brother, 
Cyrenius VanMater." These letters are 
folded in the old fashioned way and 
addressed to 

Mr. Daniel VanMater 

in London, at Jacob Taylor's 

Pimlico, near the Queen's Pallace No. 25. 

This would show that Daniel and his 
youngest brother Henry or Hendrick. 
were both in England at that time. 
Another letter is dated at Brooklyn, 
February 17th. 1786. from Gilbert Van- 
Mater and addressed to Daniel Van- 
Mater, London. Gilbert heads the let- 
ter "Honored Father." and expressed a 
strong wish that he should return and 
live with his children. That the sep- 
aration of so worthy a father "is much 
felt by your family in general and in 
particular by your affectionate son, 
Gilbert VanMater." 

In another letter from the same son. 
dated "Hampstead South. May 26, 1785." 
he speaks of having returned to farm- 
ing and is doing well. He begs to be 
excused from going to England on ac- 
count of the expense and inconvenience. 
The letter is directed to "Mr. Daniel 
VanMater, at Pimlico, London." 

In another letter from Gilbert, dated 
Brooklyn, October 11. 1786. he speaks 
of living in Brooklyn and in the same 
business as when his father left. He 
also speaks of the death of his grand- 
father, Conover, in New Jersey about 
two months before from a stroke of the 
palsy. The letter is addressed to 

Daniel VanMater 
to be left at the New York coffee house. London 
by favor of Capt. Townsend. 



DANIEL, HENDRICK AND CHRINEYONCE VAN- 
MATER'S ESTATES CONFISCATED.- DEATH 
OF FENTON, THE PINE ROBBER. 



In the clerk's office of Monmouth 
county. Book A of Executions, begin- 
ning- in back part of book, is the record 
of 110 executions against Monmouth 
county land owners who joined the 
British army, or were detected going 
within their lines. 

On page 11 of this book is an execu- 
tion against Daniel VanMater. and on 
page 31 a similar one against his broth- 
er, Hendrick VanMater. Under these 
executions all their real estate was 
seized and sold to the highest bidders. 
The following is a true copy of the ex- 
ecution against Daniel VanMater. They 
all follow same form. 

Muiimouth County, ss. 

The State of New Jersey to Samuel Forman. 
Joseph Lawrence. Kenneth Hankinson. and 
Jacob Wikoff, esqrs. Commissioners duly ap- 
pointed for the said County, on the part and 
behalf of said State to take and dispose of, for 
the use and benefit of the same, the estates of 
certain Fugitives and offenders in the said 
County, or to any two or more of them. Greet- 
ing. 

Whereas, lately, that is to say of the term of 
October, in the Year of Our Lord, seventeen 
hundred and seventy-nine, in the Court of 
Common Pleas held at Freehold in and for 
said county of Monmouth, before the Judges of 
the same Court, final judgment was had and 
entered in favor of the said State of New Jer- 
sey, pursuant to law, against Daniel Van- 
Mater, late of the Township of Freehold on 
an Inquisition found against the said Daniel 
VanMater for joining the Army of the King 
of Great Britain, and otherwise offending 
against the form of his allegiance to the said 
State, etc.. and returnable to the said Court. 
as may fully appear of record. You are 
therefore commanded and enjoined to sell and 
dispose of all the estate. Real of what nature 
or kind soever, belonging to or lately belong- 
ing to the said Daniel VanMater. within the 
said County of Monmouth, according to the 
direction of "An Act for forfeiting to and 
vesting in the State of New Jersey, the real 
estate of certain 'Fugitives and Offenders' " 
made ami passed the eleventh day < .f December, 
A. D. 1778. 

Witness John Anderson. Esq., Judge of the 
siitl Court at Freehold afd. the 22nd of 



Recorded May 15. 1779. 



Executions are similar writs against 
Chrineyonee. son of Joseph VanMater, 
and Sarah Roelofse Schenck, his wife. 
The first seems to be for going within 
the British lines and the last for join- 
ing the King's army. 

Chrineyonee, it is said, carried on the 
mill now known as Taylor's Mills, near 
the old VanMater homestead, in Atlan- 
tic township, but they were owned by 
his father Joseph, who did not die until 
1792. He was also interested with his 
cousin, Daniel VanMater, in the owner- 
ship of several schooners, which carried 
hogshead staves, corn meal and flour 
to the West Indies, and brought back 
to Perth Amboy or New York, sugar. 
molasses, rum. wine and other tropical 
products. The fear of the loss of these 
vessels and their lucrative trade, may 
have influenced them in their political 
stand, thinking the English govern- 

The bold and out and out stand taken 
by these three VanMaters, named in 
above executions. for the English 
Crown, and because of their social 
standing, and the bitter feeling it 
aroused among their nearest relatives 
among the Covenhovens, Schencks, Van 
Dorns. Hendricksons and others, who 
lived all around them, and could not 
understand how a true Dutchman of 
republican antecedents. could take 
sides with the English King, their 
course was bitterly condemned. The 
impression prevails today among the 
people of Monmouth, that all the Van- 
Maters were Royalists. This, however, 
is incorrect and not the fact. Like 
many other families, they were divided 
in their allegiance. There were more 
VanMaters who served faithfully on the 
American side than on the British, but 
as the VanMaters are not given to 
blowing their own trumpet, these pa- 
triots have been forgotten or over- 
looked. 

For instance, Cornelius VanMater 
was a captain in the first regiment of 
Monmouth militia. Benjamin VanMater 
was a private in Capt. Barnes Smock's 
artillery company. Chrineyonee. son of 
Cyrenus VanMater and Abagail Lefferts. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



his wife, and Cyrenius, son of Benjamin 
VanMater and Elizabeth Lane, his wife, 
served in Capt. Waddel's company. It 
was through the instrumentality of 
William VanMater, born June 22. 1760. 
and a son of Richard VanMater, that 
the chief of the Pine Robbers was 
killed. 

This was no less a person than Lewis 
Fenton, who for several years had 
headed those banditti, and perpetrated 
many robberies, murders, and other 
crimes. So daring- and ferocious had 
been many of his atrocities, that he had 
become what in our day is called a 
"Holy Terror," to the people of Mon- 
mouth. 

On page 351 of Barber & Howe's His. 
Coll. of N. J. is an account of the death 
of this Fenton. While generally cor- 
rect, there are some errors in the de- 
tails of this narrative, as I have heard 
the story. 

It was not Burk. who helped Fenton 
rob and beat VanMater, but one DeBow. 
for Stephen Burk. alias Emmons, with 
"Zeke Williams" and "Stephen West" 
had been killed at Wreck Pond Inlet. 
by a party of militia under Capt. or 
Major Benjamin Dennis, in January. 
1779, and Capt. Dennis had brought 
their corpses to Freehold for recog- 
nition, and to secure the reward offered 
by Governor Livingston. To avenge the 
death of these three men, Fenton way- 
laid Capt. Dennis in July, 1779. while 
traveling from Coryel's Ferry to his 
home in Shrewsbury, and brutally mur- 
dered him. Thomas Burk. alias Em- 
mons, had been hung at Freehold in the 

In August, following the murder of 
Capt. Dennis, Fenton and his gang mur- 
dered two aged people, Thomas Farr 
and his wife, in their own home, not far 
from the Yellow Meeting House in 
Upper Freehold township. Wainright, 
a tax collector, was also found mur- 
dered about this time on the south side 
of the Manasquan river. This was 
also laid to the Fenton gang. 

So great was the terror caused by 
his ferocity, cruelty, and daring, that 
Governor Livingston about this time, 
offered a reward of £500 ($2,500) for 
Fenton, and smaller sums for his abet- 
tors and followers. 

This large reward is evidence of the 
dread he inspired, and how difficult it 
was to induce anyone to hunt him down 
in his pine lairs and swamps. It seems 
from concurrent testimony that he was 
a desperate and dangerous man. quick 
and active as a panther in his move- 
ments, cunning and deep in his plans, 
with a coolness and nerve no danger 



could shake. Masterful and cruel in 
his disposition, he exacted unquestion- 
ing obedience from the half savage 
denizens of the pine woods, whom he 
dominated and led. 

On the 23rd of September, 1779, Wil- 
liam VanMater, a lad of some 18 years 
of age, had been sent by his father on 
an errand to Longstreet's Mills, in the 
vicinity of what is now Our House 
Tavern. He rode there on horseback 
early in the morning. When within a 
mile or two of what 'is now Our House 
Tavern, but then a dense pine woods, 
his bridle was suddenly grabbed by 
John Fenton, a brother of Lewis, who 
was hidden behind a big pine tree close 
to the roadside. Lewis Fenton and 
DeBow then came out of the woods 
partially intoxicated. They pulled Van 
Mater off his horse and began to search 
his pockets, while John Fenton un- 
buckled and took the saddle off the 
horse. Finding no money on his person. 
DeBow began to strike and kick him. 
and finally knocked him down. Then, 
picking up his musket which had a 
bayonet affixed, he made a vicious 
lunge at his throat, as he lay on the 
ground. VanMater threw up his arm 
to fend off the thrust, and the bayonet 
pierced the fleshy part of his arm. At 
this moment a wagon with five or six 
men in it, was seen coming up the road 
from the direction of the Shark River 
salt works. The miscreants at once 
left their victim and retreated into the 
woods, John Fenton taking the saddle 
with him. 

VanMater, who was young and ac- 
tive, at once sprang up, leaped on his 
horse and rode off bareback on a run. 
After going nearly a mile he 






tore 



shir 



bound up the wound in his arm. It 
then occurred to him that he had heard 
that Lee's rangers or light dragoons, 
were stationed at Freehold to protect 
the people. Smarting under the indig- 
nities to which he had been subjected, 
he at once resolved to ride there, ami 
lodge his complaint against the rob- 
bers. This he at once did, running his 
horse all the way to Freehold. He fell 
in with a sergeant of the rangers to 
whom he told his story. This man had 
heard of Governor Livingston's $2,500 
reward for Fenton. dead or alive He 
at once went to Major Lee and obtained 
permission to take three of the soldiers 
and go after Fenton. 

A large farm wagon 
procured, two barrels w 



and ( 
body. 



of hay 



The thr 



,vith horses was 
ere set in front. 
: placed in the 
soldiers with loaded 



EARL ) DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOl 1 1L 



and cocked muskets by their sides, were 
ordered to lie down behind the barrels, 
and were covered over with the hay, 
so that they could not be seen, and 
were instructed that when they heard 
the sergeant strike his foot against the 
barrel, they were to rise up and shoot 
any person, whom the sergeant had his 
pistol pointed at. Two bottles filled 
with applejack were also procured, one 
the sergeant placed in his pocket; the 
other he gave to VanMater to carry. 
He also took off his uniform and dress- 
ed himself in an old suit borrowed from 
a farmer. A board was placed across 
"the two barrels, and. with two loaded 
pistols under his coat, the sergeant 
took his seat by VanMater on this 
board. The whole rig resembled the 
usual teams or wagons of the farmers 
going after salt to the Shark Hiver 
salt works. VanMater was directed to 
drive to the place where the robbers 
had attacked him. They reached the 
spot early in the afternoon but found 
no one there. 

The sergeant then ordered VanMater 
to drive on a slow walk down the road 
leading to the Shark River salt works. 
This he did. and when they had gone 
about two miles, a hoarse call came 
from the woods to "Halt." Out strode 
the robber chief, a cocked rifle in one 
hand and a big horse pistol in the other, 
and another in his belt. He was still 
under the influence of liquor and more 
reckless than usual. Addressing Van- 
Mater with a vile oath, said "After the 
licking you got. how dare you show 
your rabbit face around here?" Then, 
noticing the barrels, he asked "Have 
you got any rum in them bar'ls?" "I 
have got some in a bottle," replied 
VanMater. "Hand it out dam quick, 
then," commanded Fenton, "or I'll blow 
your head off." The young man passed 
the bottle to him; he put his pistol back 
in his belt, let the butt of his rifle drop 
to the ground, and seizing the bottle. 



ised 



to hi 



mnuth. 



the 



gurgled down his throat, the sergeant 
gave the signal, and fired his pistol at 
the broad breast of the desperado, who 
was only three or four feet from him. 
The ball struck him and he turned half 
around, letting the bottle fall, and made 
an effort to raise his rifle. At this 
moment the three soldiers, who had 
risen, fired, blowing off the top of his 
head. A few seconds later, the report 
or a gun was heard off in the woods. 
Thinking it was a signal, and that the 
gang might attack them from the 
thickets, they threw the corpse of the 
robber into the wagon and started back 
on a run towards the Court House. 



They reached there without any moles- 
tation; and great was the rejoicing 
when the news of Fenton's death went 
over the county. I suppose Governor 
Livingston paid the $2,500 reward to 
these soldiers for killing Fenton. There 
ought to be records in the State House 
at Trenton to show this and who they 
were. It would be interesting to know 
their names. 

At all events William VanMater did 
more for the people of Monmouth when 
he effected the slaying of this arch 
fiend of the pines than his three cousins 
ever did for the Royal sde. The many 
stories told generation after generation 
about the three VanMaters who joined 
the army of King George, and fought 
against their own kinsmen, has also 
added to the popular belief, that the 
whole family were the worst kind of 
Tories. 

Such tales grow and are exaggerated 
each generation. Great injustice and 
wrong has in this way been done to 
the VanMaters, who. as a rule, have 
been conscientious and honorable men, 
and have contributed much by their 
industry and ability, to the agricul- 
tural progress of Monmouth county, 
particularly in introducing blooded and 
fast horses and other stock. 

As a great writer has said: 

"Rashly, nor oft-times truly, doth man pass 

judgment on his brother ; 
For he seeth not the springs of the heart, nor 

heareth the reasons of the mind. 

justice was meted by the sword. 
When the spear avenged the wrong, and the 
lot decided the right. 

When the footsteps of blinded innocence were 

tracked by burning ploughshares 
And the still condemning water delivered up 

the wizard to the stake ; 
For we wait, like the sage of Salamis. to see 

what the end will be. 
Fixing the right or the wrong, by the issues 

of failure or success. 

Judge not of things by their events : neither of 

character by providence ; 
And count not a man more evil, because he is 

For the blessing of a little covenant, lie not in 

the sunshine of prosperity. 
But pain and chastisement, the rather show 

the wise Father's love." 



Nov 



hav 



con 



from the patriotic side, of a raid int 
Monmouth countv. bv a part of th 
brigade under Cortland Sknner. Th 
three VanMaters served under him 
were probably in this raid. This 
count says: "It is acknowledged 
their favor that they behaved rema 



nd 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OP MONMOUTH. 



ably well to the persons of our people." 
There was a wide difference between 
these regular troops under reputable 
officers, and the whale boatmen from 
Long Island, the mongrel crew from 
the Refugee camp on Sandy Hook, and 
the bandits of the pines. 

This story is given as an item of news 
fresh from Monmouth county, in the 
issue of the New Jersey Gazette "of 
June 27. 1781. (See files of this news- 
paper in the State Library): 

"On Thursday last a body of 1,000 
men, New Levies, British, and foreign 
troops, under command of Cortland 
Skinner, made an incursion into Mon- 
mouth county. They arrived at Pleas- 
ant Valley about 11 o'clock a. m. The 
militia by this time were beginning to 
collect, and a pretty severe skirmishing 
was kept up the remainder of the day, 
in which our people behaved with great 
spirit. 

"They began their retreat about sun- 
down, and made no halt till they got to 
Garrett's Hill, where they continued 
during the night. During the night one 
of our gallant officers made a descent 
upon them and rescued a number of 
stolen sheep. 



"The next day they embarked again. 
They have taken off 40 cattle, 60 sheep, 
with loss of one man killed, and a 
number deserted. Their loss in wounded 
is unknown. 

"Loss on our side. 1 killed, 3 or 4 
wounded. 

"They burned two houses, but it is 
acknowledged in their favor that they 
behaved remarkably well to the persons 
of our people. By their coming out in 
such force it was expected their aim 
was to have penetrated further into the 
county. To prevent which the militia 
of the neighboring counties were called 
upon, and it was truly surprising to 
see with what spirit and alacrity they 
Hew to arms, and were crowding down 
from every quarter to the assistance of 
their brethren on this occasion, when 
accounts of the hasty retreat of the 
enemy, rendered their further services 
unnecessary." 

This was evidently a foraging party 
after beef and mutton from Staten Is- 
land or New York city, but it was a 
very strong force for our militia of 
Middletown township to fight, and com- 



ESCAPES OF DANIEL AND CHRINEYONCE VAN- 
MATER, ROYALISTS. -THE PINE ROBBERS 
OF MONMOUTH. 



There are also two stories told of 
Daniel and Chrineyonce VanMater, re- 
peated generation after generation, 
during the long winter evenings around 
the firesides in many of our farm 
houses; and these tales have added to 
the belief that all the VanMaters were 
devoted Royalists. As has already 
been stated, Daniel and his brother 
Hendrick (Harry), were born and raised 
on the farm, near the Old Scots bury- 
ing ground, only it included more of 
the adjacent lands. These and other 
lands belonging to them were confis- 
cated and sold under the executions 
aforesaid. After serving in the New 
Jersey Royal Volunteers, or "Greens," 
a year or two, Daniel became very anx- 
ious to see his sister Catharine, who was 
then unmarried and kept things to- 
gether at the homestead. He accord- 
ingly came over from Staten Island 
one night in the fall of 1778. and man- 
aged to reach his old home undetected. 
Next day one of the young negroes 
thoughtlessly mentioned to a patriotic 



the afteri 
men surr 



ided the 



and along in 
f light horse- 
use and cap- 
He was al- 



tured Daniel VanMa 
lowed to mount one of his horses, and 
surrounded by armed horsemen, was 
escorted to Freehold to be lodged in 
jail. They reached the court house 
about dusk, and rode into the yard 
which was in front, and then inclosed 
by a stout and high board fence. A 
sentinel was placed at the gate while 
they awaited the coming of the sheriff, 
who happened to be away. Thinking 
that their prisoner, who still sat on his 
horse, was entirely safe within this 
yard, they paid but little attention to 
him. VanMater gradually walked his 
horse over close to the court house, so 
that the whole width of the yard was 
between him and the front fence. It 
was now quite dark, when VanMater 
suddenly started his horse on a dead 
run for the front fence, which is said 
to have been fully six feet high. His 




JOSEPI 

! VanMa 



Elean 



EARL Y Dl 'TCH SETTLERS OF MOX MOUTH. 



horse, accustomed to the fox chases of 
those days, leaped like a deer, and went 
over that fence like a bird. It was a 
wonderful jump, and done so quickly 
in the gloom of evening, that before the 
light horsemen could recover from their 
astonishment, the rapid beat of his 
horse's hoofs was heard on a dead run 
going down the road, and 'his wild 
whoop of triumph sounded through the 
darkness. They knew it was hopeless 
to follow him on his blooded horse, and 
so VanMater escaped, and was never 
afterwards seen in Monmouth county. 
The whole county rung with his daring- 
jump and escape, and the story has 
been told over and over down to this 
day. 

Another well authenticated story is 
told of Chrineyonce VanMater, who is 
said to have carried on the mills at the 
place now known as Taylor's Mills, in 
Atlantic township. He had a slave 
called Tommy, who was very faithful 
and of whom he thought a great deal, 
and made careful provision for "his 
comfortable maintenance in his old age. 

A small party of militia was sent to 
arrest him, but Tommy saw them be- 
fore they reached the house, and gave 
him warning when the party was 
about a quarter of a mile away. 

Chrineyonce at once mounted one of 
his best horses, and started down the 
road which led to the Refugee camp on 
Sandy Hook. Among the militia was a 
resident of Colts Neck, and a bitter 
personal enemy of Chrineyonce. He 
was mounted on a very fine and fast 
horse, and armed with a sabre and 
pistols. 

As soon as the militiamen discovered 
that their "bird had flown." they start- 
ed in pursuit, for VanMater was not 
over a quarter of a mile ahead of them. 
When they reached Ogbourn's corner 
without gaining on him they all gave 
ui> the chase, except the Colts Neck 
man, who swore he would have him or 
his corpse. Brandishing his sabre and 
striking his horse now and then with 
the flat side, he kept right on in Van- 
Mater's track, for he intended to cut 
him down or shoot him. They passed 
through Middhtown village like a flash, 
but when VanMater began to mount the 
high hill, which lies east of the inter- 
section of the Red Bank road with the 
road from Middletown to the High- 
lands, he discovered that his horse was 
showing signs of distress. Chrineyonce 
was a large, heavy man, resembling 
physically his maternal grandfather. 
and was noted for his great bodily 
strength, but his great weight was tell- 
ing on his horse. When he reached the 



top of the hill and looked back, he saw 
his pursuer was now gaining on him, 
and not over 500 yards behind him. 
flourishing his sabre and showing in 
every move his deadly purpose. Just as 
Chrineyonce passed over the crest of 
the hill, he met a boy on a fine horse 
with a bag of meal in front, coming 
towards him. Riding close up to him 
he caught him by the collar, and lifted 
him off of the horse, at the same time 
tossing off the bag of meal. He at 
once changed horses and went on a run 
towards Sandy Hook. When the Colts 
Neck man reached the top of the hill 
and saw VanMater skimming away on 
a fresh horse, he swore many bitter 
oaths, but gave up the chase. Chriney- 
once reached Sandy Hook, and from 
there went to New York and joined Col. 
Lawrence's battalion of the New Jersey 
Royal Volunteers, and for this the sec- 
ond execution on page 99. Book A of 
Executions, in clerk's office, was per- 
haps issued against him. His father, 
however, in his will, made provision 
that Chrineyonce's children should have 
what he left, if there was any likeli- 
hood of confiscation. This last execution 
was not recorded until February 4, 1784. 
Gilbert VanMater seems also to have 
been on the patriotic side. The follow- 
ing news item appears in the June 14, 
1780, number of the New Jersey Gazette, 
then printed and published at Trenton. 
N. J. 



a letter from M.ui 



ith 



it Ju 



"Ty, with his party of about 20 Blacks and 
Whites last Friday afternoon, took and carried 
oil Prisoners, Capt. Barnes Smoek and Gilbert 
VanMater. at the same time spiked up the iron 
four pounder at Capt. Smock's house, but took 
no ammunition. Two of the artillery horses 
and two of Capt. Smock's horses were taken 
off. The above mentioned Ty is a negro who 
bears the title of Colonel, and commands a 
motly crew at Sandy Hook." 

Although this is a brief notice, it 
involves quite a long explanation in 
order to understand it. Tye, who was 
a mulatto, and a runaway slave, was 
acquainted with all the bypaths and 
woods in this part of Monmouth. Ho 
had led his men through the woods, and 
by unfrequented paths, and had taken 
Capt. Smock by surprise. The spiking 
of the cannon was to disable the gun 
and prevent an alarm. 

It has often been asked, why the 
Sandy Hook Marauders and the Pine 
Robbers passed by the rich and fertile 
farms around Shrewsbury and Eaton- 
town villages, so much nearer to them, 
and went to a more distant region like 



EARL \ 1U TCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Colts Neck and Pleasant Valley. 

The reason was that this was the 
very heart of Monmouth county, where 
the most active and resolute patriots 
lived. Around Shrewsbury they were 
lukewarm, to say the least. This Pleas- 
ant Valley region was known among 
the Tories of Monmouth as the "Hor- 
nets' Nest," a name given at a later 
date to the Democracy of the old town- 
ship of Middletown. Capt. Barnes 
Smock lived on the farms where Charles 
Lloyd lived, and the one now owned by 
the children of John J. Crawford, de- 
ceased, lying on the north side of Hop 
Brook and west of the road from Holm- 
del village to the bridge over this 
stream. This last farm was afterwards 
owned and occupied by his son Barnes. 

In Stryker's book, "Officers and Men 
of New Jersey in the Revolutionary 
War," he is described as Capt. Barnes 
Smock of an artillery company. The 
other Barnes Smock was captain of a 
light horse company. The last Barnes 
Smock was often called "Leggy" Barnes 
on account of his long legs, for he was 
a man of great size. They were both 
designated as captains during the Rev- 
olution. On the tombstone of the last 
Capt. Barnes Smock in Lefferts-Logan 
graveyard, his name is inscribed "Col. 
Barnes J. Smock." 

The residence of Capt. Smock near 
Hop Brook was the rallying place for 
the Middletown patriots to meet. A 
circle of about four miles drawn 
around, with Capt. Smock's dwelling 
as the center, would take in the greater 
part of the most active and zealous of 
the patriots in old Middletown town- 
ship. This region was well called the 
"Hornets' Nest," for their stings meant 
death to the Tories. The four pounder 
was placed here, and used as a signal 
gun. On any ordinary day or night, 
the boom of this cannon could be heard 
for miles around. The Schancks, Hen- 
dricksons, VanDorns. Smocks, Hyres, 
Holmeses. and Covenhovens. through 
Pleasant Valley could hear it. The 
Hulsarts.(Hulses), VanKirks. Wyckoffs. 
DuBoises, VanCleafs, Covenhovens and 
Schancks who lived in the vicinity of 
old Brick Church could hear the report. 

So the boom went westward among 
I the Strykers, VanSicklens (Sickles). 
Wyckoffs, Voorheeses. VanDerveers and 
Conovers, living through what is now 
Marlboro township. It went roaring- 
southward to the Scobeyville and Colts 
Neck neighborhoods, among the Van- 
Brunts, VanDerveers, Lefferts, Bennetts, 
VanSutphens. Polhemuses, Conovers and 
VanSchoicks. The report of this four 
pounder was a notice to all. that the 



enemy was making a raid somewhere 
in Middletown township. Every man 
among the associated patriots seized his 
rifle or musket, swung his powder horn 
and bullet pouch over his shoulders and 
often barefooted and in his shirt sleeves 
would spring on his horse, and ride as 
fast as the horse could run, over to 
Capt. Smock's house. Therefore, even 
in the middle of the night, if a scout 
brought word to Capt. Smock that the 
enemy was landing from their boats at 
ilatawan creek, Navesink, Shoal Har- 
bor creek (now Port Monmouth), or on 
the Middletown side of the Shrewsbury 
river, the cannon was fired. In a few 
minutes, from all around, armed men 
would come, riding in on horseback, 
and at once a troop was formed to meet 
the coming raiders, sometimes by am- 
bush, and sometimes by a wild tornado 
charge on horseback. This explains the 
swiftness with which the many raids of 
the enemy were met and repulsed, al- 
though the newspapers of that time do 
not report one-fourth of the fights, 
skirmishes, and raids through this part 
of Monmouth. The rich farms with 
their cattle, horses, sheep, hogs, and 
well stocked cellars, smokehouses and 
barns, constantly attracted the Refu- 
gees from Sandy Hook, foraging par- 
ties from Staten Island, the crews from 
the British transports and men of war 
in the Lower bay, who craved fresh 
provisions like chickens, milk, butter, 
etc., after their long voyage across the 
ocean, living on salt provisions. The 
spiking of this four pounder by Tye 
and his gang was a serious matter, and 
so was the kidnapping of Capt. Barnes 
Smock with Gilbert VanMater, who 
doubtless helped him load and dis- 
charge this cannon. 

The people of this vicinity were well 
called "Hornets." and Col. Tye knew 
enough not to bring them about his 
ears, for he got safely back to Sandy 
Hook with his two prisoners and four 
horses. Only two or three years prev- 
ious the people of this vicinity were 
slow moving, good natured, kind heart- 
ed farmers, as many of their descen- 
dants, who still live on these lands, are 
today. They had no military training, 
and knew nothing of war or camp life, 
but were men of peaceable lives and 
kindly deeds. 

After three years of war had passed 
these quiet and hospitable farmers had 
become a stern faced, haggard band of 
desperate men. In that time many of 
them had fathers, brothers, or sons, 
who had starved to death in the British 
prisons of New York. Others, who had 



EARL ) 1)1 TCH SETTLERS OF MO.XMOI TH. 



S3 



skeletons, and told horrible and ghast- 
ly tales of Cunningham's brutality, of 
slow, lingering- death, with insults and 
cruelties superadded to embitter the 
dying hour. When they heard these 
things, they thought it was easier to 
die fighting, than to suffer death by 
inches amidst such horrors. 

Others of them had seen a father, 
brother, or son suddenly shot down 
while at work in his field by a hidden 
assassin in an adjoining thicket. 
Others again had seen a father, while 
working near his home to provide for 
wife and children, suddenly shot down, 
and then bayonetted before the eyes of 
his horror-struck wife and terrified 
children. Others again had come home 
from the battles of Brandywine. Ger- 
mantown, or other scenes of conflict, 
and found their wives and daughters 
dishonored and gibbering idiots, their 
stock gone, and often their houses and 
outbuildings burned to the ground. 

While these outrages cannot be 
charged on the Regulars, British and 
Royal American troops under honorable 
officers, yet they can be on many of the 
whale-boatmen from Long Island, the 
Refugees on Sandy Hook, and the out- 
laws of the pines. These wrongs and 
sufferings had changed the quiet farm- 
ers of Pleasant Valley, into a band of 
tierce and desperate men to whom fight- 
ing became a joy, if he could only kill, 
and kill, and kill these demons who 
had wrecked his life. Col. Asher 
Holmes' regiment was made up prin- 
cipally of these farmers, and, at the 
battle of Germantown, they stood and 
held their ground after the regular 
troops had twice broke and run. * 

• See letter from Col. Asher Holmes to his 
wife, written after the battle of Germantown. 
and published in Monmouth Democrat. Asher 
Holmes was a native of the old township of 
Middletown, and a farmer by occupation. He 
was the first sheritT of Monmouth county under 
our republic, a staunch patriot, a brave man. 
and a good officer, although he had no mil- 



The fo 



This, too, after marching all day and 
the preceding night, and going into 
battle without rest or food. The militia 
of Somerset county, and Monmouth had 
come under the eyes of General Lafay- 
ette, and he remarked that "for cool- 
ness and bravery they exceeded all his 
expectations of the militia." 

But it had required a baptism of fire, 
misery and wrong for three years, to 
stir up their quiet blood and easy na- 
ture, and bring them up to this pitch of 
savage desperation and wild fury. Gil- 
bert VanMater and others of this name 
on the patriotic side had endured and 
suffered with the rest, and therefore, 
I contradict the current story, which 
has so long been told, that all the Van- 
Maters were Royalists. 

an old Bible, much dilapidated, mouse eaten, 
and torn, now in possession of Asher H. 
Holmes, his threat grandson, who resides on the 
Tylee Schanck homested in Marlboro township: 

"John Watson and Hope Taylor, joyned in 
Bonds of Holy Matrimony ye 15th of Decem- 
ber, in the year of our Lord, 173 7-8." (1738). 

Then follows births of three children by this 
marriage, but names are torn off. On the next 
page, (first entry) : 

"Asher folmes and Sarah Watson were mar- 
ried on Thursday. 21st day of February, 1771." 

Then follow births of several sons and 
daughters, and, finally: 

"Asher Holmes departed this life June 20, 
ixiis. aged 68 yrs.. 4 mo., and 4 da. Sarah 
Holmes, widow of Asher Holmes, departed this 
life Sept. 11, 1830." 

Then follow two entries, copied from some 
other records, as follows: 

"Sarah Salter, daughter of Samuel Holmes, 
died January 14, 1757." 

"Samuel Holmes departed this life February 
20. 1760." 

I understand that Col. Asher Holmes is 
buried in the yard of the Baptist church at 
Holmdel village, but I have never made a per- 
sonal examination of this cemetery. Asher 
Holmes Conover. who owned and occupied a 
farm in the township of Freehold, about a 
mile and a half from Old Tennent church, and 
who died last spring, and his brother. Peter H. 
Conover. who also owns a farm in this same 
vicinity, are great grandsons of Col. Asher 
Holmes. 



GARRETT VAN MATER; HIS CHARACTERISTICS 
AND DISPOSITION. 



There is another VanMater. hereto- 
fore named along with the descendants 
of Gilbert VanMater and Micha Hen- 
drickson, his wife, who, I think, de- 
serves particular notice. This was Gar- 
rett VanMater, the fourth son of Wil- 
liam VanMater and Mary Hendrickson, 
his wife, born during the early part of 
the present century, and who died at 
his home on Chapel Hill, Middletown 
township, in 1879. He was well known 
to many people still (1899) living, and 
familiarly addressed and called Garry 
VanMater. In his youth, without any 
advantages of education, save such as 
could be had in the rough country 
schools of his boyhood days, he engag- 
ed in business at Hoboken, N. J. By 
steady and persistent industry and his 
natural good judgment, he amassed 
quite a fortune, according to his modest 
desires. Instead of spending all the 
years of his life in piling up dollars, he 
came back to his native county to enjoy 
country life, before age had impaired 
his strength and interest in the world. 
He purchased a tract of five acres, 
known as the Cornelius Mount proper- 
ty, on one of the lofty eminences of 
that range of hills called the Navesink 
Highlands, and commanding a magnif- 
icent view of Raritan Bay, from the 
cedars of Sandy Hook to the two Am- 
boys at the mouth of Raritan river. 
Here, where he could see the mingled 
glories of earth and sea and sky at one 
glance, he took up his abode, and lived 
until the end came in 1879. Garrett 
VanMater was a domestic man and neg- 
lected no step which would promote the 
comfort and welfare of his wife and 
children. The careful provisions in his 
will to guard them from the misfor- 
tunes of life, testify to his care and 
foresight in this particular. He pos- 
sessed a logical mind, with the hard, 
practical sense of the Hendricksons, his 
mother's people, and the sensitive na- 
ture and buoyant disposition of the 
VanMaters. His laugh was hearty, 
spontaneous and contagious. Any one 
who ever heard Garry laugh will re- 
member it. He was fond of argument 
and reasoned well, for he was a natural 
debater "wayback from Debaterville." 
Although no scholar or bookman, he 



and treasured up many facts. He was 
an observant man and understood hu- 
man nature well. For the mere pleas- 
ure of argument, he would often take 
sides contrary to his real convictions. 
In these wordy tournaments he was 
very earnest and vehement, and a 
stranger hearing him, would think 
some of his opinions highly reprehen- 
sible. Garry made no distinction be- 
tween the man in his shirt sleeves and 
the man who wore a clerical gown. 
They were all men in his eyes, with 
their sins, foibles and weaknesses, for 
he had no bump of veneration. As he 
was always plainly dressed and looked 
like a country farmer, people often 
misjudged him. Country ministers, or 
some young tbeologian, fresh from the 
artificial life and training of a sectar- 
ian seminary or college, would some- 
times tackle Garry, upon hearing him 
make some heterodox remark, as he 
stood in a crowd on a platform await- 
ing a train, or in some other public 
place. Much to Garry's delight, he 
would call the plain, ignorant old farm- 
er, as he thought, to book for such un- 
orthodox opinions. Then the ball would 
open, much to the entertainment of the 
bystanders. The clerical champion 
would strike at Garry with his book 
knowledge, his cut and dried sectarian 

damnation. Whereupon. Garry, with 
his ready wit, shrewd practical sense, 
and knowledge of the world would give 
it back, in his high pitched voice, in a 
way to make all the bystanders roar 
with laughter. After afew years Garry 
became known, and none of the min- 
isters cared to tilt with him. They al- 
ways had business somewhere else, 
when Garry wanted to argue with them. 
The young farmers of Middletown town- 
ship, who attended the debates at 
Headden's Corner schoolhouse many 
years ago, will remember the zest and 
interest which Garry took in these 
wordy combats. Although a great deal 
older than any of them, he seemed a 
companion, for his heart was always 
young, and he liked young company. 
His high spirits, hearty laugh, and the 
vehemence with which he debated a 
question, made him the life and soul 
of this debating society. He served 




Lonely crave of Michael Fields, by the side of the public road, ] 
Vanderburg. He was killed in a skirmish with the British near 
place on June 28, 1778. Col. Asher Holmes, with a part of his renin 
made an attack on the baggage train, but were repulsed with the los 
this man killed and several wounded. Four of the British soldiers 
one drummer boy were killed in the attack. The division of the Br 
army in charge of the baggage train began their march from Free 
at 3 o'clock A. M. on June 28, 1778, and by daylight must have 
several miles on their road. Garret Smock, who participated in 
attack, stated the above farts t.i K. ('. Smock, his grandson. 





iimmer of 19011 by Mr 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



the 



jury, 



made a good juryman, for the "axe- 
grinders" could never hoodwink or de- 
ceive him. He loved justice and hated 
wrong, with all the deep intensity of 
his nature. Any abuse of even a dumb 
beast in his presence excited his anger, 
and he would then express himself in 
ianguage more forcible than polite, for 



,-ith hi 






nothing more. There was nothing 
theatrical, deceitful or subterranean 
about him. He carried his "heart on his 
sleeve," as the saying is. Although at 
times rough in his words, he was truth- 
ful and faithful to principle and friends. 
He was hospitable to those he liked, 
and nothing pleased him more than to 
have them visit his home. He had a very 



pie 



home. The 



magnificent view from the rear piazza 
seemed to harmonize with his broad, lib- 
eral, and charitable ideas. For the eye 
could take in at a glance, not only the 
whole expanse of Raritan Bay, but the 
lofty hills of Staten Island on the north 
west, the spires and steeples of New 
York rising beyond the grim forts at 
the Narrows, with the white beach and 
background of green pines of the Long 
Island shore, stretching away eastward 
until lost in the Atlantic ocean. Here, 
seated on his piazza, Garry VanMater 
passed many hours gazing at this pleas- 
ant and grand view. The great ocean 
steamers with their pennants of trail- 
ing smoke, the ships, schooners, and 
other vessels with their snowy canvas, 
coming in from distant lands, or going 
down to the great ocean, afforded in- 
exhaustible subjects of thought and 
speculation to one of his observant and 
active mind. From the foot of the lofty 
eminence on which his dwelling stood, 
the land sloped gradually away to the 
bay shore, and lay like a picture be- 
neath his eye. The well cultivated gar- 
dens, fields and farms, the comfortable 
farm houses nestling amidst orchards 
and vineyards, afforded a marked con- 
trast to the blue water of the bay, and 
what looked like fairy land beyond. 
The dock at Port Monmouth, the steam- 
boat lying by it. taking in the products 
of this region from a long train of 
farm wagons, made a scene of anima- 
tion and life, and just distant enough 
to lend enchantment to the view. I 
often think the same ideas must have 
passed through Garry VanMater's mind, 
when he gazed on this beautiful and 
animated scenery, as those expressed 
by Steadman in "Alice of Monmouth:" 



"Ladies in silks and laces. 
Lunching with lips agleam. 

Know you aught of the places 
Yielding such fruit and cream 

South from your harbor-islands, 
Glisten the Monmouth hills ; 

There are the Ocean Highlands, 
Lowlands, meadows, and rills. 

Berries in field and garden. 

Trees with their fruitage low, 

Maidens (asking your pardon). 
Handsome as cities show. 

Know you that night and mornii 
A beautiful water Fay. 

Cover'd with strange adorning 
Crosses yon rippling bay? 



Her sides are « 

She whistles 
Behind her hail 



te and sparkling. 

the shore : 
s darkling, 

part before. 



Come with n 
Here on ti 

Look at her 
Changing 



;, ladies ; cluster 

'ith the changing year. 

lonths to woo her, 
rawberries flings 



Killine Iilt richest casket, 
Handing her everywhere 

Garnets in crate and basket. 
Knowing she soon will wear 

Blackberries, jet and lava. 
Raspberries, ruby and red ; 

Trinkets that August gave her 
Over her toilet spread. 

After such gifts have faded. 

Then the peaches are seen. 
Coral and ivory braided. 

Fit for an Indian queen. 

And September will send her 
Proud of her wealth and bold. 

Melons glowing in splendor. 
Emeralds set with gold. 

So she glides to the Narrows, 
Where the forts are astir ; 

Her speed is a shining arrow's; 
Guns are silent for her. 



All of her jewels down. 

Whence she gathers her riches. 

Ladies, now would you see? 
Leaving your city riches. 

Wander awhile with me." 



DESCENDANTS OF BENJAMIN VAN MATER AND 
ELIZABETH LANE, HIS WIFE. 



Benjamin VanMater, * third surviving 
son of Kreijn VanMater, and Elizabeth 
Lane, his wife, their children and some 
of their descendants: 

Neeltje (Eleanor) t b. Sept. 8, 1730 ; m. 
1748. Garrett Janse Couwenhoven. and was his 
first wife as already mentioned. She died 

s In book I of deeds, page 255. Monmouth 
county clerk's office, is record of a deed from 
John Hartshorne and Lucy, his wife, to 
Benjamin VanMater. dated March 4. 1761, 
(consideration $2,600) for a tract of 27 1 acres 
in Shrewsbury township, beginning on north- 
erly side of Hockhockson branch of lalls 
River. Also, on page 252 of same book a deed 
from Thomas Lemming and Hannah, his wife. 
to Benjamin VanMater. dated August 3, 1770, 
for Id acres in Shrewsbury township, bounded 
on Pine brook and Tintern brook in part. 
This deed is witnessed by Cyrenius VanMater. 
Benjamin Couwenhoven and Cornelius Van- 
Mater. 

t An old Dutch Bible was brought by Neeltje 
VanMater into the Conover family when she 
was first wife of Garrett Couwenhoven. It 
has remained there ever since and is now in 
possession of John Lyall. son of the late Peter 
G. ('.mover. The follow 



this Bible: 



'Crinjam 



\ an.Mater 



deyed 



March. 



"Jon Lyle 10 January 1761." 

"My father Jacob Lain dyed 21 Nov. 1761. 

"My daughter Elizabeth Bennett dyed 1( 

"?ilj ' son Jacob VanMater dyed April 20 



775.' 



175- 



evidently made 



•Benjamin VanMater dyed July 
73y. 5m. 29d." 

"My grandson Cyrenius VanMater son 
Cornelius VanMater. dyed July 30. 1,75- 
years 25 days." 

The following entries 
hv Garret Couwenhoven: 

"William Schanck b. March 3. 1789." 

"Nelly is born 8 Sept. 1730." 

"I married with Nelly VanMater in 1748.' 

"My daughter Jacoba is born 10 sept 1749. 

"Benjamin b. 25 Jan. 1753." 

"Catharine, b. 25 Dec. 1755." 

"John. b. Sept. 1, 1766, dyed 28 Aug. 17,5. 

"Garrett B. 28 Sept. 1770." 

The last five entries give us names and 
births of children of Garrett Couwenhoven by 
his first wife Neeltje (Nelly) VanMater. The 
eldest daughter Jacoba is said to have been 
designated by the last syllable of he, name 
"Coba." or as the Dutch expressed it. Cobatje. 
pronounced in English. "Cobauchee." 



prior to 1786. for about that time Garrett J. 
Couwenhoven married his second wife, Antje 
Schanck. 

Jacob, b. March 12, 1732 ; m. Neeltje. daugh- 
ter of I endrick Hendrickson and Neeltje Gar- 
retse Schanck, his wife. She was bap. Sept. 
30, 1740. Jacob VanMater died April 20, 1775. 
aged 43 yrs., 1 mo. and 8 days, according to 
his tombstone in VanMater graveyard. His 
widow was about 35 years of age at date of 
his death and may have married again. 

Cyrenius, bap. July 29, 1737 ; m. first, Anne, 
daughter of Arie VanDorn and Antje Janse 
Schanck. his wife. She died June 1, 1765. 
aged 27 yrs. 3 mo., according to her head- 
stone in VanMater graveyard ; m. second, 
April 6. 1766, Cobatje or Cobauchee Couwen- 

Cornelius. bap. April 28, 1744 ; m. December 
3. 1767, Sarah, daughter of Cyrenius Van- 
Mater and Abagail Lefferts. his wife. She 
was born Octoher 3, 1748 ; bap. October 23 of 
same year, and died February 25, 1824, aged 
75 yrs . 4 mos., 22 days according to tomb- 
stone in VanMater yard. Cornelius VanMater 
is buried by her side and date of his death 
given as March 30, 1797, aged 52 yrs., 1 mo.. 
16 days. He was captain of a company of 
Monmouth militia during the early part of 
the Revolutionary war. 

Sarah VanMater. widow of Cornelius, made 
her will February 20. 1824, proved March 10. 
1826 ; recorded in Book B of Wills, p. 386. etc.. 
Monmouth Surrogate's office. She describes 
herself as the widow of Cornelius VanMater. 
She bequeaths to her g>randniece. Eleanor 
Hendrickson, (daughter of John Hendrickson 
and Mary Lloyd, his wife, and granddaughter 
of Daniel Hendrickson and Eleanor VanlUaler, 
his wife.) and to Elizabeth Weathers and 
Anna Scott, widow of James Scott, all her 
wearing apparel to "be equally divided between 
the three by her friend, Jane Lefferts." She 
also directs her son-in-law and executor, 
Jacob B. VanMater, to give each of them $10 
to purchasa black clothes. All her silver 
spoons and plate and residue of her personal 
property is given to her son-in-law, Jacob B. 
VanMater. in fee, and he is made sole ex- 
Elizabeth, b. September, 1748 : m. November 
!>. 1762, William, son of Jan Bennett and Ida 
VanMater. his wife: died August 10, 1769. 
They had a child named Ida bap. July 28. 
1769. 

Jacob VanMater by Neeltje Hendrick- 
son, his wife, had the following- chil- 
dren: 



EARL ) 1)1 "TCH SETTLERS OF MOSMOT1H. 



Daniel VanMater ; d. May 31, 1817, aged 60 
yrs., 4 mos. and 3 days, according to inscrip- 
tion on his tombstone in VanMater yard. His 
wife is buried by his side and her tombstone 
states that she died September 5. 1840. aged 
81 yrs., 23 days. 

Neeltje, bap. Oct. 18. 1761 ; m. first, Conrad 
Loveheld ; sec 1, Jacob Holmes. 

Elizabeth, bap. April 30, 1764 : m. Daniel, 
son of Johannes Polhemus and Mary Van- 
Mater, his wife ; d. October 23, 1813, aged 49 

Hendrick, bap. March 6, 1766 ; d. unmarried 
November 20. 1840, aged 74 yrs., 9 mos. and 
14 days, according to his tombstone in Van- 
Mater yard. He left a will dated August 1, 
1829; proved February 20, 1841; recorded in 
C of Wills, p. 322, Monmouth Surrogate's 
office. He gives his nephew Henry, son of his 
brother Benjamin, six silver spoons and an 
eight day clock and all his wearing apparel. 
Residue of his property to be divided in six 
equal shares. Two shares to his nephew Dan- 
iel, two shares to his nephew Henry, one 
share to each of his nieces, .Maria and Eleanor. 
daughters of his brother, Benjamin, "Not 
doubting." he says in the will, "but what they 
will contribute a support to their aged mother, 
for whom I ever entertained the most un- 
feigned respect and friendship, and also their 
two brothers, Jacob and Gilbert, who have 
exercised towards me innumerable acts of 
kindness, but whose misfortunes may require 
assistance and protection of my legatees." 
Daniel and Henry, his two nephews, are ap- 
pointed executors. 

The will is witnessed by James Nevius, 
Joseph H. VanMater and Catharine Nevius. 

Cyrenius, second son of Benjamin 
VanMater and Elizabeth Lane, his wife, 
by Anna VanDorn, his first wife, had 



1792. Ida Bennett. S and died about 1800, leav- 
ing two children, a son and daughter. His 
widow married for her second husband. James 
Smith. 

Agnes, b. 1769 ; m. Jacob Smith. 

Jacob, bap. Hay 19, 1772 ; m. Feb. 13, 1804, 
Mary Vanderveer. 

Cornelius, bap. Sept. 5, 1773; m. June 18. 
1797. Orpah Taylor. 

Garrett, bap. Aug. 25. 1776; m. Betsey Lake. 

Elizabeth, bap. May 10, 1778 : m. John W. 
Bennett. 

Mary, or Polly, bap. April 23, 1781 ; d. in 

Nelly (Eleanor) bap. Sept. 9, 1781; m. 
William WyckolT, and had following children, 
viz: John, b. Aug. 20, 1800; Mary, b. March 
1, 1802; Garrett, b. Feb. 28. 1804: Cyrenius, 
b. Oct. 9. 1807 : Charles, b. Aug. 23, LS09 : and 
Sarah, b. Oct. 17, 1811. 

Catharine, bap. Dec. 7, 1783 ; m. June 24, 
1802, Matthias Golden. 

Peter, bap. Oct. 15. 1786 : m. Lavinia 
Beasley. 

Sarah, bap. April ljL 1790; m. Joseph Lake. 

John C, bap. April 5. 1793. 

I do not know who this last son married. 

Cyrenius VanMater, father of the above 14 
children, made his will Oct. 13, 1800; proved 
Feb. 28. 1801. and recorded in Book A of 
Wills, p. 623. in Monmouth surrogate's office. 
He gives to his two sons, Benjamin and Arie 
(Aaron) by his first wife. Anne VanDorn, all 
the goods and chattels received from their 
mother and says that he gives them no more 
because they are well provided for by their 
mother's relatives. 

He then gives to his second wife Cobatje. 
use of all his property during her widowhood. 
He then devises, subject to use of widow, to 
his two sons. Garrett and Peter, the farm he 
bought of Edmund Williams, formerly the 
John Tilton farm, to be equally divided be- 



Benjamin. bap. June 27. 1762; m. Sept. 11. 
1787. Elizabeth, daughter of Cornelius Van- 
Mater and Sarah VanMater, his wife. She 
was baptised Oct. 9. 1768 ; d. March 16. 1795. 
aged 26 yrs., 6 mos. and 16 days, according 
to her tombstone in VanMater yard. Benjamin 
VanMater d. March 14, 1825. 






:illed 



Aaron I hap. April 30, 1764; m. April 7. 1785, 
Mary, daughter of Albert Polhemus and Altje 
(Alchy) VanMater, his wife, and died Sept. 2. 
1835. leaving only one daughter. Anne, bap. 
Dec. 20, 1785, who m. Joseph H. VanMater. 
the famous horseman of Monmouth county. 



t Daniel Polhemus died June 22, 1831, aged 
71 years, according to his tombstone in Pol- 
hemus burying ground at Scobeyville, Mon- 
mouth county. He had the following children 
by his wife. Elizabeth VanMater: Jacob, b. 
June 28, 1795 ; Abbie, b. Dec. 19, 1797 ; m. 
William Schanck. John. b. Jan. 17, 1801 : d. 
young. John, b. May 7. 1803. and Daniel, b. 
July 26, 1806. 



S One of William VanMater's children was 
Elizabeth, or Betsy, born Feb. 16, 1794; m. 
Jan. 11, 1816, William Lake, son of Capt. 
John Lake of Colts Neck. Soon after this 
marriage, he removed to Freehold where he 
lived. Here he had one son. William I'enry. 
b. Oct. 19, 1817. He then moved to New 
York City, where he followed his trade as a 
carpenter until about 1833. when he came 
hack and took up his residence at Morrisville 



nnty. Whi: 



New York 



had 



two sons born. John Bennett about 1824 
Joseph T.. b. Sept. 26. 1830. His eldest son. 
William Henry, followed the sea and physically 
was as fine a' specimen of the American sailor 
as ever trod the deck of a ship. He. however. 
contracted hasty consumption, which carried 
him off in the morn of his manhood. He is 
buried in the yard of the old White Meeting 
House in Holmdel township. The second son. 
John Bennett, was drowned while shad fishing 
in the North River. Joseph T. Lake, the 
youngest son. has resided in Freehold nearly 
all his life and is still (1S99) living. He served 
during the war of the Rebellion as Captain of 
Company E, 29th Regt. N. J. Vols., and came 
home with the respect and good will of all of 
his men, for he looked after them like a 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



tween them. 

He bequeaths to Chrineyonce |j and Elizabeth, 
children of his deceased son William Van- 
Mater, and to Sally Ann and Cyrenius Smith, 
children of his deceased daughter Agnes, who 
married Jacob Smith, $500 to be equally div- 
ided between them when they become of age. 

All residue of his estate he devises to his 
seven children. Jacob. Cornelius, Elizabeth 
BennetJ, Eleanor Wyckoff. Catharine Van- 
Mater, Sarah VanMater and John C. Van- 
Mater, after their mother's use has ended, 
share and share alike. His son Cornelius and 
his friend Tylee Williams, are appointed ex- 



Cornelius, third son of Benjamin Van 
Mater and Elizabeth Lane, his wife, 
married Sarah VanMater, and had the 
following children: 

Elizabeth, b. Aug. 30, 1768 ; bap. Oct. 9, fol- 
lowing ; m. Sept. 11, 1787, Benjamin Van- 
Mater ; d. March 16. 1795. 

Cyrenius, bap. Sept. 15, 1771 : d. when a boy. 

Abagail, bap. May 14, 1780; m. Dec. 22, 
1800. Jacob B. VanMater ; died Aug. 25, 1802. 

Benjamin, eldest son of Jacob Van- 
Mater and Nelly Hendrickson, married 
Sarah VanMater and had the following 
children: 

Jacob B., b. Feb. 13, 1779: bap. April 4, 
following; m. Abagail VanMater, Dec. 22, 
1800 ; d. Dec. 2, 1836. aged 57 yrs., 9 mo., and 
9 days, and is buried in VanMater yard. His 
wife, Abagail, is interred by his side and her 
age given as 22 yrs., 10 mo. 

Daniel, b. March 3. 1782 ; bap. June 20. fol- 
lowing ; d. May 10, 1852. 

\\ This son of William VanMater, Chriney- 
once, enlisted as a soldier in the war of 1812. 
and, while at Trenton. N. J., awaiting orders, 
was taken with a fever which proved fatal. 
He died unmarried. His sister, Elizabeth or 
Betsey, married William Lake, as stated above. 



Gilbert b. Dec. 18. 1787: bap. March 23. 
1788 ; d. May 11. 1850. 

Maria, b. Feb. 15. 1790 ; bap. May 2 follow- 
ing ; d. unmarried May 18, 1867. 

Henry, b. October 8, 1791; bap. Dec. 11 
Vri'n^'s ~ B d ' JU ' ,e 6 ' 1841 ' HC mal ' ried Cath " 



It would puzzle one to define the 
relationship of the above six children, 
or state the exact relation of each to 
the other. 

Benjamin, eldest son of Cyrenius Van 
Mater by his first wife, Anne VanDorn. 
married as already stated, Elizabeth. 
daughter of Cornelius VanMater and 
Sarah VanMater, his wife, and had the 
following- children: 

John, b. Nov. 11, 1800; m. Jane, daughter of 
William I. Conover (who resided in what is 
now Manalapan township) and d. Sept. 16, 
1868. on his farm at Colts Neck which lay on 
the south side of the turnpike. He had the 
following children, viz: John, who m. Mary 
E., daughter of Hon. William P. Forman. who 
for many years was one of the lay judges of 
the Monmouth county courts and who resided 
in Millstone township on the farm now owned 
by his son, Hon. Peter Forman. John C. Van- 
Mater served as collector of Atlantic town- 
ship many years and died only recently. 

Benjamin, who married Ann Eliza Sherman : 
William, who married Kate Stillwell, and 
Eliza, who married Foster VanKirk of Mercer 
county. 

Eliza Ann, b. June 30, 1804 ; m. March 9. 
1824, Hon. Thomas G. Haight of Colts Neck, 
and d. about 1881. They were the parents of 
Hon. John T. Haight, who was .collector of 
Monmouth county several years and elected 
clerk of the county after a memorable strugg'e 
at the primaries and ballot box. I e died in 
office greatly mourned by his numerous friends. 
)7 ; d. young. 



DESCENDANTS OF CYRENIUS VAN MATER AND 
ABAGAIL LEFFERTS, HIS WIFE. 



Cyrenius VanMater, fourth surviving 
son of Kreijn VanMater, and Abagail 
Lefferts, or Leffertse, his wife, had the 
following children: 



Chrynjans (Chrineyonce). bap. March 20, 
1730 ; m. his cousin Eleanor, daughter of Jos- 
eph VanMater and Sarah Roelofse Schanck, 
his wife; d. Sept. 11, 1785, aged 54 yrs„ 9 
mos., 17 days, according to his tombstone in 
the VanMater burying ground. 

Mary, b. March 7, 1733 ; m. Nov. 16, 1758, 
Johannes (son of Daniel Polhemus and Mar- 
garet Albertse Couwenhoven, his wife). He 
was born Oct. 28, 1733; d. March 24, 1820. 
His wife Mary VanMater. d. Sept. 27. 1809. 
Both are interred in Polhemus cemetery at 
Scobeyville, N. J. They had the following 
children: Daniel, b. April 17. 1760: m. Eliza- 
beth VanMater: d. June 22, 1831. His wife 
died Oct. 23. 1813, aged 49 years. Both are 
interred in the Polhemus yard." 

Abigail, b. May 3. 1762 ; m. Cornelius Suy- 
dam : d. June 7. 1801. aged 39 years; buried in 
above yard. I do not know where her husband 

* The Polhemus family burying ground is on 
the old homestead at Scobeyville, in Atlantic 
Monmouth county, N. J. The fol- 






npt,. 



take 



fron 



the 



ton, list.. nes in the fall of 1S9S by Mrs. Lydia 
H. S. Conover: 

Daniel J. Polhemus. d. Sept. 26. 1763. aged 
57 yrs. 

Margaret Couwenhoven, wife of Daniel J. 
Polhemus, died June 17. 1780, aged 70 yrs. 

John Polhemus, son of Daniel and Margaret 
Polhemus, d. March 24, 1820, aged 89 yrs. 

Mary, his wife, (daughter of Cyrenius Van- 
Mater and Abigail Lefferts) d. Sept. 27, 1809, 
aged 76 yrs. 

John Polhemus, Jr., son of John and Mary. 
d. Nov. 26. 1814. aged 38 yrs.. 4 mo., 6 days. 

Tobias Polhemus, son of Daniel and Mar- 
garet Polhemus. d. Aug. 24. 1826, aged 82 yrs. 

Mary, his wife, (daughter of Garrett Gar- 
retse Schanck and Jannetje Williamse Cou- 
wenhoven) d. July 17. 1826. aged 69 yrs. 

Daniel T. Polhemus. d. Oct. 1, 1826. 

Catharine Couwenhoven, (his first wife, 
daughter of Cornelius Couwenhoven and Mary 
Hendrickson) d. June 20. 1797. 

Sarah VanDyke, second wife Daniel T. 
Polhemus. d. Feb. 7. 1857, aged 88 yrs. 

Daniel J. Polhemus, d. June 22. 1831, aged 
71 yrs. 

Elizabeth VanMater, wife of Daniel J. Pol- 
hemus. d. Oct. 23. 1813, aged 49 yrs. 

Alkey VanMater (widow of Albert Polhemus 
and wife of William Bennett) d. Oct. 24, 1804, 
aged 64 yrs. 

Daniel A. Polhemus, d. Jan. 29, 1820. aged 
57 yrs. Micha Clarke, his wife . 

Abigail Suidam. wife of Cornelius Suidam 



Margaret, b. March 11. 1766: m. Nov. 20, 
(93, I Imneyonce Schanck of Pleasant Valley, 



Cyrenius, died young. 

Neeltje, died young. 

John. b. July 20, 1776; d. unmarried Nov. 
26. 1814, aged 38 yrs., 4 mos. 6 days. 

Eleanor, b. August 4, 1735 ; bap. Aug. 17. 
sum,- yi.ar : in according to marriage licence 
dated Nov. 14, 1758, and on file in office of 
the secretary of state at Trenton, Daniel, son 
of John Hendrickson and Annetje IJa.ol.se I 
Couwenhoven. Daniel was born July 3 1735 
and d. Nov. 17, 1S09. He and his wife are 
both buried in family burying ground on the 
faun which he owned, and which is still (1899) 
in ownership of his descendant, situated on 
s.uth side of street at eastern end of Middle- 
town village, next to so-called Presbyterian 
graveyard. This burying ground is near and 
sight from the dwelling house on this 









i.l. i. ks 



iag-e 



n'sidi 



is put dov 
of Middlesex county. He was then 
holding some clerkship at Perth Am- 
boy, at that time the seat of govern- 
ment of East Jersey. They had the 
following children: 

Anne. b. Feb. 14, 1761 ; bap. April 26 same 
year ; m. Charles DuBois. and died June 26. 
1798. Her husband was born Feb. 25, 1757 ■ 
d. Sept. 8, 1804, at Middletown village. Both 
above family cemetery. 



Cyrenius, b. May 3. 1766 : d 
Iary. daughter of John Lloyd and Sarah Cou 



93. 



and Mary 



I and daughter of John Polhe 
VanMater I d. June 7, 1801, at 

Hannah Polhemus (daughter of Daniel Pol- 
hemus and Margaret Couwenhoven) d. Oct. 29. 
1792. aged 54 yrs. 

Aukey Lefferts, d. Nov. 26, 1769. aged 92 yrs. 

Mary TenEyck, his wife, d. Sept. 1, 1732, 



62 yrs. 

Mary Lefferts. d. June 28, 1S00. aged 94 yrs. 

Colonel Auke Wikoff. d. April 16. 1820, aged 
72 yrs. 

The tenant of the last grave was one of the 
brave and trusted leaders of our Revolutionary 
sires. He was Lieut. Col. of 3rd Regt.. Mon- 
mouth militia, and a stern, unyielding enemy 
of caste and royalty, as embodied in and per- 
petuated by the government of Great Britain. 
The Wyckoffs of Monmouth county were all 
stilling patriots and several of them rendered 



KARL) UL'ICII SETTLEKS OF il/OXMOL 111 



wenhoven. his wife: died in Jan. 1807. leaving 
one daughter. Eleanor, and three sons, Daniel 
J., Charles J., and John Lloyd, surviving. 

Du- 
hter, 
Du- 

Bois and Peter DuBois, surviving- them. 
The two sons both died in early man- 
hood unmarried, and are buried by 
their parents in above yard. Eleanor 
DuBois, the only surviving- child afore- 
said, was b. Aug. 19. 1792; m. Jan. 12. 
1812. William H., son of Capt. Hendrick 
Hendrickson, who owned the old Hen- 
drickson homestead at Holland, in 
Holmdel township, and d. Sept. 25, 1879. 
aged 87 vrs.. 1 mo., 6 days. She was the 
mother of Hon. William Henry Hen- 
drickson, one of the honored citizens of 
this county, who recently died on the 
old homestead at Holland, which he 
owned and occupied all his life. Daniel 
Hendrickson. the husband of Eleanor 
VanMater and maternal great grand- 
father of the late Hon. William H. 
Hendrickson, made his will Aug. 4, 
1809. It was proved Dee. 29 of same 
year and is on record in Monmouth sur- 
rogate's office in Book B of Wills, p. 
316. In this will he speaks of the farm 
on which he then lived, and the one 
allotted to his son John Lloyd, as called 
the "Stout farm." He gives to his 
widow, Eleanor VanMater. and to Mary 
Lloyd, the widow of his deceased son 
John, use of all his property so long as 
they remain unmarried. He charges 
them with care, maintenance and edu- 
cation of his three grandsons. Daniel. 
John Lloyd and Charles, who he states 
are now living with him. At death of 
the two widows, all his real estate was 
to be equally divided between his said 
three grandsons, sons of John Hen- 
drickson. deceased. He gives legacies 
to Eleanor, the daughter of his son 
John, and to the children of his daugh- 
ter Anne DuBois. Tylee Williams. 
Joseph Taylor and Mary Lloyd, widow 
of John Hendrickson, are appointed ex- 
ecutors. Daniel Hendrickson. his son 
John, and son-in-law, Charles DuBois. 
owned together a tract of about 20 
acres near central part of Middletown 
village, on north side of the street. By 
Book O of Deeds, page 739. Monmouth 
deed dated July 3. 1804, recorded in 
clerk's office. Daniel Hendrickson con- 
veys to his son John, certain lands on 
north side of Middletown street, and 
between lands of Edward Taylor and 
Jacob Covenhoven's lands. The last 
premises were afterwards known as the 
Murray homestead, and owned by 
George Crawford Murray, son of Wil- 



liam W. Murray. The corner of Charles 
DuBois' lot is called for as one of the 
monuments in this deed, and also as a 
monument fixing the north line of the 
Middletown street. The DuBois lot was 
afterwards owned by John easier, who 
for many years carried on the black- 
smith business in Middletown village. 
His shop stood on the opposite side of 
the street from this lot on which his 
residence stood. 

Daniel J. Hendrickson. the son of 
John and grandson of Daniel Hendrick- 
son. received as his share of his grand- 
father's estate, a farm at the eastern 
end of Middletown village on north 
side of street, and about opposite to his 
brother, John Lloyd Hendrickson's farm 
on the south side. It is now in pos- 
session of the Morfords. It passed out 
of the ownership of Daniel J. Hendrick- 
son prior to his death. He died Dec. 
24. 1845, aged 48 years, 11 months, ac- 
cording to inscription on his tombstone 
in Episcopal churchyard of Middletown 
village. Charles J. Hendrickson was 
well known to the present (1899) gen- 
eration, as an honorable man and a 
good citizen. He died only a few years 
ago at his residence on his farm, lying 
on north side of the street through 
Middletown village. For particular de- 
tails of his life see biography and pic- 
ture in Ellis' history of Monmouth 
county. 

John Llovd Hendrickson. m. Dec. 16. 
1822. Adeline, daughter of George 
Crawford by his second wife. Eleanor 
Schanck. and d. Sept. 25. 1845. at his 
residence on the homestead farm afore- 
said. He left one son George Crawford, 
and one daughter Mary L.. surviving 
him. The son died unmarried on the 
homestead where he was born and had 
always lived. Oct. 12. 1875, aged 46 
yrs.. 6 mo., 4 days, and is interred in 
family plot on this farm. A brief but 
truthful sketch of his life and char- 
acter, accompanied by a steel engraving 
which hardly does him justice, for he 
had a strong, intelligent face with reg- 
ular well marked features, can be seen 
in Ellis' history. When he passed away 
he left a good name as an upright man. 
considerate and charitable to the poor, 
and helpful and obliging to his neigh- 
bors. He wronged no man; but dealt 
truly and fairly with all. so that no 
reproach rests upon his memory, al- 
though he never made any profession. 

Altje (Alice) fourth child of Cyrenius Van- 
Mater and Abigail Lefferts. bap. Oct. 7. 1737 : 
m. first Albert, son of Daniel Polhemus and 

s,o',mi.' William Hrnn.-tt, who' was then a 



EARL ) DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOL ///. 



widower. having first married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benjamin VanMater and Elizabeth 
Lane. Altje VanMater d. Oct. 24. 1804. She 
had the following children by her second hus- 
band. William Bennett, viz: Elizabeth, b. 
June. 1773; John, b. Dec. 1774: Albert, b. 
July 1776 : and Cyrenius. b. Aug. 1779. 

The fifth child of Cyrenius VanMater and 
Abigail Lefferts was Sarah, b. Oct. 3 ; bap. 
Oct. 23. 1748: m. Dec. 3. 1767. Cornelius, son 
of Benjamin VanMater and Elizabeth Lane 
and d. Feb. 25. 1824. aged 75 yrs.. 4 mo., 22 
days, buried by her husband in VanMater 
yard. Her will, recorded in B. of Wills, p. 
386. Monmouth surrogate's office, and the 
names of her children, have been heretofore 

Chrynjans (Chrineyonce) the ori- 
son of Cyrenius VanMater and Abigail 
Left'crts. by his wife Eleanor VanMater. 
had two children, viz: 



children of Benjamin Cooper and Sarah 
iMater. his wife, £1,400 ($7,000). To chil- 
li of Rev. John Croes. Jr., and Eleanor 
iMater, his wife. £1,400 ($7,000). To 



Cath- 



Joseph C, b : m. Feb. 28 

arine. daughter of his cousin 
VanMater and Huldah Holmes, his wife. She 
was born Jan. 9. 1784; d. Jan. 20, 1804. She 
was a bride for only one year, and Joseph C. 
VanMater never married again. This is the 
Joseph VanMater about whom so many storier 
are told, ss to the ownership of land, stock and 
negro slaves. He was called "Big Joe Van- 
Mater" on account of his size, and to dis- 
tinguish him from others of the same name. 

Abigail, b. May 7. 1775 ; died in infancy. 

Joseph C. VanMater lived at what is 
now called the Phalanx, in Atlantic 
township, and owned an extensive tract 
of good farming: land running- from the 
vicinity of Tinton Falls on over to the 
lands owned by his maternal grand- 
father, Joseph VanMater, in the vicinity 
of Holmdel and Colts Neck. He also 
owned nearly one hundred adult negro 
slaves. Joseph C. VanMater executed 
his will January 20, 1825. It was proved 
before Peter C. Vanderhoef, surrogate 
of M..nmouth county. Dec. 31, 183*2, by 
oaths of Gilbert B. VanMater and Henry 
VanMater, two of the subscribing wit- 
nesses. Daniel T. Polhemus was the 
third witness to this will. It is record- 
ed in Book C of Wills, pp. 300-3. 

He gives to Joseph, son of Holmes Van- 
Mater. "my silver tankard." To Joseph I". 
Holmes, son of Daniel Holmes, $50 to buy a 
silver tankard. He gives to Mary Lloyd. 
Rhoda Holmes and Eleanor Croes. all his 
mother's wearing apparel, and to Eleanor 
Croes a chest of drawers belonging to his 
mother, Eleanor VanMater. He bequeaths to 
Sally Thompson $100. To John Bennett, son 
nf "my uncle William Bennett." £100 ($500). 
To Albert Bennett and his brother Cyrenius 
Bennett each £100 ($500). To Charles and 
Catharine, children of William and Mary 
Lloyd. £1.100 ($7,000) to be paid to them when 
they arrive at age. To Rhoda Holmes, daugh- 
ter of his uncle Chrineyonce VanMater. £1,400 
($7,000). To Louisa VanMater £1.400 ($7,000). 



free, both male : 


and 


female. "It is 


my 


will." 




all 1 




40 




us be 


regularly manuu 


lifted by my ex 








they have their 


frei 




'.■',11 


the 


Mark 


children born fr 




e given up 


to 






ents." He adds 


"It 


is my will 


if a 




of the 


black people of 






that 




ve be- 


longed to the famil} 


', become a 


charge 






spen 


se shall be 


equi . 


illy 




by my legatees. 


(exc 


ept Mr. Th 




John. 



Albert and Cyrenius Bennett). I devise to my 
two brothers-in-law. Joseph H. VanMater and 
Holmes VanMater, the farm whereon I live, 
called the homestead farm, also the VanBrunt 
farm, together with all the remainder of my 
real and personal property, in fee, to be 
3oually divided between them." 

Joseph H. VanMater, Holmes VanMater and 
Daniel Holmes are appointed executors to ad- 
minister the estate. 

Joseph C. VanMater lived and died on 
the homestead at what is now called 
the Phalanx. He owned nearly 100 adult 
negroes not affected by the new law. 
He speaks of them in his will as the 
"black people of my family." He never 
married after losing his young bride of 
a year, but lived there among his col- 
ored people, whom he treated with 
great kindness. Like the other Van- 
Maters, "Big Joe" never made merchan- 
dise of his black people, and by his will 
orders the Treedom of them all. num- 
bering- nearly 100 adults, whom he 
could have sold, if so disposed. They 
were probably worth, at this time in 
the Southern markets over $30,000. Un- 
like many modern abolitionists, who 
take out their views in cheap talk or 
speeches "Big Joe" without any talk or 
fuss, frees them all at a great pecun- 
iary loss, at a time when anti-slavery 
sentiments had made no great headway. 

A story has been current for some 
two generations, among the farmers of 
Holmdel and Atlantic townships, that 
"Big Joe" VanMater. childless and wife- 
less, wanted to own an even 100 adult 
slaves, but although he made many 
efforts, yet when he reached this num- 
ber, some accident or fatality would 
happen, which would cut down his 
"human chattels" to ninety and nine. 
As it was, he had more than he knew 
what to do with. After his death they 
were all set free, as directed by his 
will. Many of them by years of depen- 
dance for food, clothing and shelter on 
their easy going, good-natured master, 
were like children, unable to take care 
of themselves. Neither were they con- 
tent with a new place of abode. They 



EARL) DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



clung to their old home. It is said that 
after "Big- Joe's" death the road from 
what is now the Phalanx to Colts Neck, 
was black with these newly freed 
negroes, and they wandered back and 
forth, perplexed and bewildered with 
the great change. For it was hard to 
find another home, where the "black 
people" would be treated as part of the 
family, and where there was another 
man. like lonely, but good-natured and 
generous-hearted "Big Joe" VanMater. 
Many of them sought homes and shelter 
from Joseph H. and Holmes VanMater, 
the devisees and legatees of the de- 
ceased. For in his will he strictly 
charges them to take care of the "black 
people of my family" and "those which 



had belonged to the family." This 
brought upon these two men. all the 
helpless and indigent ones of this es- 
tate, as well as those of their grand- 
father and father. There are people 
now living, who remember Joseph H. 
VanMater when he drove over to church 
at Holmdel on Sundays. Not only his 
immediate family, but crowded in with 
the whites, in a big carryall, would be 
all the colored people who wished to 
go to church. This burden of the 
negroes, together with heavy legacies 
charged in the will of "Big Joe" made 
a heavy financial load for his devisees 
to carry. For the land brought in no 
income except as farmed and the profits 
were then small. 



THE LONG AND INTERESTING WILL OF 
JOSEPH VANMATER. 



Joseph VanMater. the fifth and 
youngest son of Kreijn Janse, and 
Sarah Roelofse Schanck. his wife, had 
the following children: 

Eleanor, or Neeltje, b. Oct. 4. 1735: bap. 
June 20, 1736 ; m. her cousin Chrineyonce, son 
of Cyrenius VanMater and Abigail Lefferts, as 
already mentioned. 

Ruloff. (named for his maternal grand- 
father) b. March 2, 1738, bap. April 23 ensu- 
ing : m. Catharine Kearney, then the widow of 
Joseph VanMater, as set forth in a former 
article. She was the daughter of James 
Kearney of Chinqueroras, as the region about 
Keyport was then called. Ruloff VanMater d. 
Dec. 10. 1817. aged 79 yrs. 9 mo.. 8 days, ac- 
cording to inscription on his tombstone in 
VanMater yard. His wife is interred by his 
side, and her headstone informs us, she died 
May 10, 1807, aged 54 yrs., 9 mo.. 20 days. 
The above couple had only two children, both 
daughters, viz: Sarah, who married Benjamin 
Cooper, and Eleanor, who was married Oct. 
13. 1812. to Rev. John Croes. Jr., by Rev. 
John Croes. Si-., then rector of Christ church 
at New Brunswick. N. J. In Book I of Deeds, 
p. 214 Monmouth clerk's office, is record of a 
deed dated July 23. 1787. consideration £820 
4-5 current money of New York, from Cath- 
arine VanMater, wife of Ruloff VanMater. 
Jacob Tice. and Anna his wife. James Holmes, 
and Margaret his wife. Henry Chappe, and 
Sarah his wife, legatees of James Kearney, 
late of Middletown township, to Ruloff Van- 
Mater. They quit claim and convey to him 
four-fifths of a tract of land in Middletown 
township, lying at a place called Brown's 
Point, beginning at the very point, thence up 
Matawan Creek 32 chains to Whingson Creek, 
etc. After particular description by chains 
and links, comes this general description. A 
tract of 520 \ 2 acres bounded northeasterly by 
the Bay, northwesterly by Matawan Creek, 
and WingBon Creek, easterly by Luparticong 



Creek and brook, and southerly by lands lately 
the property of James Kearney, deceased. The 
witnesses are Gilbert VanMater. Joseph Throck- 
morton and Cyrenius VanMater (miller). The 

lveyance by a wife directly to her husband. 

as in this deed, is considered illegal and void 
by the artificial rules of law. The courts have 
solemnly adjudged that a man and wife are 
one person in law, and therefore cannot make 
a contract with each other. This, too, in face 
of the experience of mankind that the marital 
relation is formed and continued by mutual 



and 



bear and forbear. 

The third child of Joseph VanMater and 
Sarah Roelofse Schanck. Cyrenius, was b. 
Aug. 1740; bap. Sept. 21. following, and d. 
Dec. 23. 1745, aged 5 yrs., 5 mo., according to 
his tombstone in VanMater cemetery. 

Catharine, b. March 15, 1743 : bap. May 6 
following and d. unmarried Aug. 27, 176:',, aged 
20 yrs.. 5 mo.. 12 days, as we are informed by 
her headstone in family burying ground. 

Chrineyonce, b. Jan. 23, 1747 : m. about 1772 
luldah, daughter of Obadiah Holmes and 
Catharine Remsen, his wife, and d. March 24, 
1803, aged 56 yrs., 2 mo., 1 day, as stated on 

Cyrenius, b. Dec. 23, 1750 ; d. in infancy. 

Only three of the above six children sur- 
vived to grow up and marry, viz: Eleanor, 
Ruloff and Chrineyonce. These are the three 
mentioned in the will of Black Roe'off Schanck. 
as the three children of his daughter, Sarah 
VanMater. 

Joseph VanMater, the father of the above 
children, lived on and farmed the old home- 
stead, where Kreijn Janse first settled. The 
family graveyard is on these premises, and re- 
served forever for that purpose, by the will of 
this Joseph VanMater. The following is a true 
copy of the will of Joseph VanMater and cod- 
icil, as same are recorded in the office of the 
surrogate of Monmouth county: 



EARL V DL TCI I SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



JOSEPH VAN MATER'S WILL. 
In the name of God, Amen ; I, Joseph Van- 
mater of the township of Middletown, in the 
county of Monmouth and State of New Jersey, 
being of a sound disposing mind and memory, 
thanks be given to Almighty God, therefore 
duly considering the mortality of my body, 
and knowing it is appointed for man once to 
die. do make and ordain this my last Will and 
Testament, in manner and form following, 
that is to say, principally and first of all. I 
give and recommend my soul into the hands 
of God. &c, and as for my body I recommend 
it to the earth, to be buried in a christian 
like and decent manner at the discretion of 
my executors hereinafter named, &c, and as 
touching such wordly estate wherewith it hath 
pleased God to bless me with in this life, I 
give, devise and dispose of the same in man- 
ner and form following:- -My mind and will 
reby order all my just debts 
" e we!! and truly paid, 
in same convenient time after my decease by 

Secondly. I gi\e and dew-o I" my beloved 
son Rulolf Vanmater. all that piece or lot of 
wood saplin marked on three sides, on the 
land and meadow beginning at a small butten- 
south side of Hop brook in the line thai pari 

Ruloff; theme northerly across the meadow 

along said Ruloff's line till it comes to a ditch. 

..n the north side of said meadow; the 

easterly down the .lit. li p. a small oak saplin 
marked on three sides, standing on the bank 
of said ditch ; thence southerly across the 
meadow, as the fence now stands, on the 
westerly side of a road, to the mouth of a 
gully on the southerly side of Hop brook ; 
thence up said gully untill it comes opposite 
the middle of the bank, thence westerly a'otig 
the middle of the bank to said Ruloff Van- 



and funeral char;. 



to 






ve and devise to my son Ruloff Vanm 
1 that tract of land called the Barren I: 
hich was taken up between me the 
iseph Vanmater and Benjamin Vanm 



unto my son Ruloff the fruit of the westerly 
half of my orchard four years after my de- 
cease, from the first of September untill the 
middle of November yearly, I also give unto 
my son Ruloff the sum of Five hundred pounds 
pi oiklamation, to be paid to my said son 
Ruloff as shall be herein after ordered and 
devises or gifts are to my 



directed 
son Ruloff 1 

Thirdly.— I give a 
Crincyonce Vanmat 
forever, these folio 






fore 



bequeath unto my 



of lands (to 
ail my farm or plantation whereon I 
live, called my homestead farm, except 
parts thereof as are devised to my son 
iff, also all that lot of land whereon Wil- 
Arnold lately lived, beginning at a tree 
ke.l fL M.I as may appear by a deed of 
under the hand and seal of John Taylor, 

.!..«■ lying at Shrewsbury River, which I 
cht of Thomas Shepherd, as also the one 
il half of my upland or stacking place at 

ny lands wheresoever the same may lay 
herein disposed off: also I give unto my 
Crineyonce one silver Tankard and six 
■v spoons now in my possession, as also 

ai. and her two suns, Sam and Robbin and 
the remainder of my negroes, that shall 
be herein otherwise disposed of, I also give 

w. .on, apparr. II. also the one equal half 

of all 



illdred pou 
fter my dece 
r Nelly, the : 



and pe 

! given hi 



\e hundred pounds 
■ my decease, both 
Rulolf and to my 



Holmes, as also one euual half of my upland 
or stacking place at Little Neck, also all that 

tract or lot of land which I the said I i 

Vanmater bought "f Joseph Holmes, adjoining 
land formerly Peter Tilton. Also that small 
lott of land lying to the Northward of my 
farm and said Ruloff's farm next to Obadiah 
Holmes, Beginning at a poplar tree standing 
in the line between me and my son Ruloff, 
marked on two sides with the letter (R), on 
the east side from thence, easterly about ten 
paces to a small run of water, thence north- 
erly down that stream until if eoo.es to II,,,, 



De 



Ruioir, 



and Jersey, and my negro 
one silver tankard and si* 
in his possession, as also 
wealing apparell, I also 
Ruloff the 



Ruloff the one equal half of my f 
stock ..f creatures of all kinds. I al: 



Ihe 



:e after my decease, 
do hereby order, the 
: to be taken out of 



r onjny- 

ie land 
■, to be 



devised to my said son which devises or 
gifts is to them and each of them, their 
heirs and assigns forever, provided he my 
said son cannot hold and enjoy the same, nor 
enter into the peacable possession thereof at 
any time before the children shall arrive to 
the age of twenty-one. then the gifts and de- 



EAKLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



ts to remain good to the children 
■s and assigns forever ; but in a 

Crineyonce can hold and enjoy th 
any time before the children arri 

age of twenty-one, and no law 1 
t him from the same, then its n- 



that every of the devious ami bequests given 
to my son Crineyonce, remain good to him 
his heirs and assigns forever. 

Item— I give unto my daughter Nellie Van- 
mater and to her heirs and assigns, all my 
household furniture not heretofore disposed off, 

one silver tankard and six silver spoons now 
in her possession, as also my negro woman 
called Roseatt and the said Roseau's female 
children, and all her grandchildren, I also 
give unto my only daughter Nellie, the sum of 
Five hundred pounds proclamation money, to 
be paid her one year after my decease, by my 
said son Crineyonce as above enjoyned him ; I 
also give unto my three children Ruloff, 
Nelley and Chrineyonce, all my bonds, bills 
noats and book debts and all other of my 

ready disposed off. to be 



but if 



bequ 



equally divided fce- 
Criiu-yonee cannot 



of any hindrance whatever, then it is my will 
and I do give the same to the children of my 
son Crineyonce, to be disposed off by him to his 
children as before directed, to them their heirs 
and assigns forever : Also it is my Will and I 
do allott and set apart and give one chain 
square of land where there is now our family's 
burying place, to remain forever for the fam- 
ily of the Vanmaters to bury their dead and 
for no other use whatever. 

And Lastly, I do hereby nominate constitute 
and appoint my only daughter Nelly Vanmater, 
my son Ruloff Vanmater. Hendrick Hendrick- 
son, Esq., and William Crawford, = Executors of 



* William Crawford, one of the 
named in Joseph VanMater s will, was tne 
paternal grandfather of the late James G. 
Crawford of Holmdel township, who was the 
father of Ann, who married Joseph H. Holmes, 
as mentioned hereafter. 

William Crawford was a son of George 
Crawford and is named in his will probated 
at Perth Amboy May 10, 1745, and now on 
record in the Secretary of State's office at 
Trenton. 

The above testator was not the son of John 
Crawford, the pioneer settler of this name, as 
has been heretofore supposed. This fact is 
established beyond any doubt, by a deed dated 
Feb. 29, 1723, from George Crawford to Nich- 
olas Still-well, conveying six acres, and record- 
ed in Book H of Deeds, page 86. Monmouth 
county clerk's office. It is stated in this deed 
that this six acres is a part of a tract granted 
to John Crawford, the grandfather of said 
grantor, by patent dated Dec. 3. 1687, from 
the Proprietors. This patent is recorded in 
Book B. page 211, in office of the Secretary of 
State of New Jersey. 

In Book A of Deeds, page 36, Monmouth 
clerk's office, is record of a deed dated Aug. 3, 
1691, from John Crafford. Sr.. to John Craf- 



this my last Will and Testament, ratifying 
this and no other. 

In Witness Whereof I the said Joseph Van- 
mater have hereto set my hand and seal this 
twenty-fifth day of September in the year of 
our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 



ety. 

. declare 



off 



Signed sealed published, pre 



id Jo 



to 



JOSEPH VANMATER ( L. S.} 

CYRENIUS B. VANMATER, 

BARNES SMOCK. 

WILLIAM VANMATER. 

Be it known unto all men by these presents. 
that I, Joseph Vanmater of Middletown in the 
County of Monmouth and State of New Jersey 
Yoeman, have made and declared this my last 
will and Testament in writing, bearing date 
the Twenty-fifth day of September in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
ninety, I the said Joseph Vanmater do by 
these presents contained in this Codicil, con- 
firm and ratify my said will only that part I 
intend to alter. I give and bequeath unto my 
son Ruloff the sum of Five hundred pounds 
now in his possession, in lieu of a legacy of 
the five hundred pounds, ordered to be paid 
him my said son Ruloff by my son Crineyonce. 
I give unto my said son 
farming utensils, and stock of 



fhirdly. —I give unto my only daughter 
Nelley VanMater, all my notes, bills, bonds 
and cash, except the five hundred pounds given 
to my son Ruloff, all which devises and gifts 

their heirs and assigns. And whereas Hen- 
drick Hendrickson, Esq.. is nominated and 
appointed an executor in my last Will and 
Testament, I do hereby make null and void all 
ecutor w my last will and 



my will and 



ly affection. 



Codi. 



.shl 



ford 



i.f Middletown. 

The name Crawford is spelled in Books A. 
B. and C of Deeds, Monmouth clerk's office. 
Crafford, Crawfford, and other ways. This 
John Crawford, Jr., is named as a grand jury- 
man in year 1393 in the minutes of the Mon- 
mouth courts. This would show he was then 
at least 21 years of age. 

In Book C of Deeds, pages 111-12 is record 
of a deed dated May 8, 1691, from Sadler to 
Jobs. John Crawford and George Crawford 
appear as subscribing witnesses to its execu- 
tion. They, together with Gideon Crawford, 
were sons of John Crawford. Sr.. the pioneer 
settler. This George is said to have migrated 
to and settled in one of the southern counties 
of New Jersey, or in one of the eastern coun- 
ties of Pennsylvania. 

The John Crawford, Jr.. to whom the real 
estate was conveyed by his father, according to 
tradition, married the daughter of Henry or 
Moses Lippet. and besides his eldest son 
George, had Richard. William, Samuel. John 
and Andrew. Several of these sons removed 
to other parts of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania and there settled, according to family 



EARL V DITCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



and parcell of my said will and Testament. 
and all things contained and mentioned therein 
be faithfully performed, in as full and ample 
manner in every respect as if the same were 
so declared and set down in my said will. 

In witness whereof, I the said Joseph Van- 
mater have hereunto set my hand and seal the 
Seventeenth day of July in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety 

Sealed and delivered in presence of 

JOSEPH VAN MATER (L. S.) 
DANIEL SCHENCK. 
JOSEPH VAN MATER. 

his 
JOHN X WOLLEY. 

Probated in Monmouth County Surrogate's 
ottiie January 20. 1821. and recorded in Book 
B of Wills, page 221. etc. 

Joseph VanMater and Sarah Schanck. 
his wife, were both members of the 
First Dutch Church of .Monmouth, and 
were particular to have all their chil- 
dren baptized, as records of the church 
now show. They were very regular 
and punctual in performance of all 
church duties. Their descendants have 
very generally followed their example 



sp.n 



to Mou- 



lin. 



deacons 


and elders will 


the diffe 


rent generation 


of the V 


anMater family 


This 1 


ine. too. have 


their n 


lodest. unobtrt 


courteou 


s address and 


positions 




They 1 


tiave avoided st 


tion, and made very lit 



A nur 
be f 



ife and lit 
ittle business 
our courts and lawyers. Neither 1 
they pushed themselves forward 
offices, honors and other political er 
uments. but have pursued the hone 
jpation of farmers 



To this b 
county is 
blooded sto 
Monmouth 



l'rnr 



I. In 



.Ma 



ted dl 



the 



The VanMaters of the older generations 
were born lovers of thoroughbred 
horses. They seemed to possess an in- 
tuitive judgment about the good or bad 
qualities of a horse. They had a nat- 
ural talent or ability to manage and 
train these animals so as to develop 
their best qualities. Their introduction 
of blooded and thoroughbred stock and 
uccessful training of race horses like 
"Monmouth — Eclipse." "Horn -blower." 
and <.thers. whose names and pictures 
m ore time were all over the United 
States, led many of the Monmouth 
farmers to engage in the business of 
raising blooded horses for sale or rac- 
blooded stock, and 



th. 



inn 



lor 



no place at one time stood higher than 
Monmouth county for good horses. 

Fifty years ago it was a very com- 
mon remark for strangers visiting 
Monmouth county to make, that the 
people here "thought nothing and talk- 
ed of nothing but trotting horses, races, 
and horse trading." 

Chrineyonce VanMater and Huldah 
11. ilmes. his wife, their children and 



-■i>h II.. 



No 



its 



fol- 






1808, Anne, the only chile 
VanMater and .Mary Albertse Polhemus. 
wife ; d. Oct. 10, 1860, and is buried in yar< 
"Old White Meeting House," which lies 
north side of road from Holmdel village 
Middletown, a little distant northeast f: 
residence of Dr. Henry G. Cook. This is 
"Joe H. Vanmater." famous in his day foi 
thoroughbred and fast race horses. At om 



the 



an. affable and courteous 
ery liberal and generous i 
e and his brother Holme: 
the will of their brother-i 
? Joe" VanMater. These 



fa 
one of 



Chr 



eph 



i.Malei 



the 



nost extensive tracts of good farm- 
ing lands, which could be found in Monmouth 
county. It extended almost continuously from 
Holmdel village over to Tinton Falls. 

Catharine, b. Jan. 9. 1784; m. Feb. 2s. L803, 
Joseph C. VanMater (Big Joe as called) al- 
ready mentioned. She died Jan. 26, 1804, 
i-lnldless anil a bride of less than a year. 

Mary. b. Sept. 13. 1786 ; m. William Lloyd : 
d. Feb. 11). 1869. leaving tun children. Charles 
S. Lloyd, b. 1813; m. Emma, daughter of John 
W. Holmes, and Deborah, his wife. d. Feb. 18, 



1881. He 

leading farmer in Holmdel town 

sister. Catharine Lloyd, m. Aar 

Hendrick Longstreet and Mary 

wife. 

Holmes, b. Aug. 20, 1789 ; m. Mi 
ter of Gilbert VanMater 
(widow Rapelje) his wil 
was born Aug. 21, 1795. 
interred by his brother. 
"White Meeting House. 



Rhoda. b. Feb. 



Dam,. I. 



Df JO 



mil Margaret Sprague 
. of Long Island. She 
Holmes VanMater is 
Joseph H.. in yard of 

15. 1813. 



S. Holn 



Aug. 15. 1821. on the farm he 
easant Valley and the same farm 
is grandson. Joseph I'. Holmes. 
■ is buried in family bury- 
farm. Daniel, his son. was 
lived, died and was buried 



died 



Schanck. b. Ju 



795 ; 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



Daniel Holmes was elected sheriff of 
Monmouth county in 1828. and a mem- 
ber of the council of New Jersej in 
1832. He was a very popular and influ- 
ential man in the Democratic party of 
that time. A likeness of him and his 
son, Joseph H.. with biographical 
sketches appear in Ellis' History of 
Monmouth county. Rhoda VanMater, 
his wife, died June 20, 1838. 

Only one son of Daniel Holmes and 
Rhoda VanMater, his wife, lived to 
grow ui). This was Joseph H. Holmes, 
born July 28, 1821; married September 
19, 1818. Ann. daughter of James ' I. 
I 'row ford of Crawford's Corner in 
Holmdcl township: died November 28. 
1892, and is buried on the homestead. 
His wife. Ann Crawford, was born 
September 1. 1821. and died June 6, 1894. 

Joseph H. VanMater and Ann Van- 
Mater. his wife, had the following- chil- 
dren, all born on the original VanMater 
homestead, now occupied by William 



Huldah Holmes, b. Sept. 14. 1810: d. Feb. 
1812. 

Huldah Holmes, b. Oct. 15, 1812: d. single 
Feb. 27. 1868. 

Aaron S., b. Aug. 17. 1814 : m. Sept. 28. 
1843, Ann, daughter of Peter R. Smock and 
Catharine Ilendriekson, his wife. 

William C. b. Oct. 20. 1816; d. Feb. 4, 
1817. 

William P.. b. March 6, 1818; d. 1822. 

Joseph C. b. Nov. 18. 1S21 ; d. 1822. 

Mary Polhemus. b. Feb. 14. 1822. and is 
still US99) living. Mary Polhemus VanMater 



beer 



for many years taught a class of girls in the 
Holmdel Dutch Reformed church. Many 
matrons now residing in Holmdel township 
are indebted to Miss Mary VanMater. not only 
for religious instruction, but the example of 
her gentle and refined manners has exerted a 
good influence. 

Eliza Ann, b. Jan. 9. 1824 ; d. June 30. 1840. 

Joseph I., b. July 20, 1825; m. Eliza M.. 
daughter of Daniel Ayres of Brooklyn Heights. 



Joseph I. VanMater. like ma-y others 
of this branch, has been a zealous mem- 
ber of the Holmdel Dutch church, serv- 
ing both as deacon and elder. 

Holmes VanMater owned and resided 
at one time on one of the best farms in 
Monmouth county. At least it was so 
considered, and was known as the 
Academy farm. It embraced more land 
than it does now. By Micha VanMater, 
his wife, he had the following children: 

Joseph H., b. Nov. 23, 1818; m. Margaret, 
daughter of Paul Rapelje and Catharine Van- 
Mater. his wife, (daughter of Gilbert Van- 
Mater and Margaret Sprague. his wife.) 

This Joseph H. VanMater owned and resid- 
ed on the farm now occupied by Edward Smith 



hold to Englishtown. about three-quarters of a 
mile east of the latter place. He was a 
ituiet, but pleasant and obliging man. His old 
neighbors in this vicinity still cherish his 
memory, and speak of him as a kindlv neigh- 
bor and a good and charitable man. He died 
May 13, 1S74. 

Gilbert H.. b. June 12, 1820 ; m. Sarah, 
daughter of John W. Holmes and Deborah 
his wife. Gilbert I . VanMater. too. was a 
faithful adherent to the church of his fathers, 
and in his unobtrusive and modest way tried 
to live a Christian life. He removed a number 
of years ago from Monmouth county to a plan- 
tation in the state of Virginia, where he is 
still (is»9) living and highly respected for his 
gentlemanly manners and honorable conduct, 
rated a large 



the VanMa 



Red 



meadow which lies in front of the Dr. Cook 

road crosses this meadow and the stream. The 
road then was laid over this dam and a bridge 
spanned the flood gates. Thesa mills acciden- 
tally caught fire and were entirely destroyed. 
They were at the time full of wheat and other 
grain and wholly uninsured. It entailed a 
heavy loss on Mr. VanMater. 

Catharine, b. Feb. '2, 1822; m. Jesse A. 
Dennis. They were the parents of Holmes 
VanMater Dennis, who now owns and resides 
on the Smock farm, near East Freehold. 

Daniel H„ b. Feb. 25. 1824 ; m. Frances L. 
Dennis. 

Daniel H. VanMater represented Monmouth 
county in the New Jersej Assembly in 1869-70 
He now resides on his farm which lies just 
west of Marlboro village. Like his forefathers 

he is a staunch and I 'ough supporter of the 

old Dutch church, wherein he has served as 
deacon and elder. Hon. Daniel H. VanMater 
has one son and three daughters. 

William H.. b. Nov. 5. 1828 ; d. young. 

Augustus, b. June 28. 1830 : m. M. E. 
Rapplije. 

Margaret, b. Oct. 15. 1832. 



Cha 

Huldah. 



S.. b. Apri 
April 



Elizabeth, b. Sept. 1841; m. a Mr. Gorselin 
of Long Island. 

Catharine, b. Aug. 19. 1843; m. W. C. 
i-ft'erts. 

Holmes, b. July 20, 1845. 

Jacob, b. Feb. 17. 1S47. 

Paul. b. Aug. 29. 1849 ; m. Lou Kirby of 
Imlaystown. N. J. 

John Henry D.. b. July 11. 1851; m. Eliza, 
daughter of Daniel P. Schanck and Mary Con- 
over, his second wife, and now (1899) owns 
and resides . on the old VanCleef farm near 
Wickatunk station, in Marlboro township. 

Joseph H., b. Aug. 27. 1852 ; m. a Miss 
Johnson of Spotswooil, Middlesex county. 

Gilbert and Augustus, twins, b. March 5, 
1855. Gilbert d. young. 

Gilbert, b. Oct. 20, 1858. 

Margaret, b. July 6. I860: m. ex-Sheriff Fick 
of New Brunswick. N .1 



THE HULSES OR HULSEHARTS OF MONMOUTH 
AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



The men and women bearing above 
names are very numerous in Monmouth 
and Ocean counties. They are all des- 
cendants of "Benjamin Holsaert" and 
"Annetie Luyster" his wife, as their 
names are spelled on the records of 
the Dutch church of Monmouth, where 
they became communicants in 1717. 

A writer on the early migration of 
the Dutch from Long Island to Somer- 
set county. N. J., says that Benjamin 
Holsaert settled there. This is a mis- 
take, originating from the fact that 
the people of Kings county, L. I., in 
those times spoke of their relatives and 
friends who had migrated to New Jer- 
sey as "gone to the Raritans." 

The territory south of Raritan Bay 
as well as that through which the Rar- 
itan river flows went with them under 
this one name. In this generation Rar- 
itan is the name of one locality in 
Somerset and one township in Mon- 
mouth. Sloops carried the early set- 
tlers with their goods and stock from 
the Brooklyn shore of the East river 
down the upper bay, through the Nar- 
rows into Raritan Bay, until they 
reached the south end of Staten Is- 
land; here the settlers going to Middle- 
sex or Somerset counties sailed up the 
Raritan river, while those coming to 
.Monmouth continued on the same 
course landing up Matawan or Waycakfi 
creeks. In the family records kept in 
some of the old homesteads in Kings 
county, they were often put down as 
pemoved to the "Raratons." Modern 
writers on family genealogies have 
seen these entries, and jumped at the 
conclusion that "Raritan" was the same 
region or place it is now. Some per- 
sons who settled in Monmouth, like 
Derrick Barkalow and Benjamin Hols- 
aert, are said to have settled along the 
Raritan river in Somerset county. 

An agreement and deed recorded in 
Book E of deeds, p. 340, etc., Monmouth 
clerk's office, shows beyond any doubt, 
that Benjamin Hulse. (to us the modern 
name), first settled in Monmouth. A 
Mark Salem and Cornelius Salem of 
Freehold township purchased together 
a tract of 230 acres in same township 
(now Marlboro), generally described in 
said deed as bounded "E. by 'Hopp 
Brook.' W. bv Gravel Brook. N. by 
Thomas Hart's land and S. bv unappro- 



priated lands." Cornelius Salem bv deed 
dated June 5th. 1718. conveyed his in- 
dividual half of said tract to'"Benjamin 
Holsaert." described in said deed as a 
cordwainer by trade, and a resident of 
New Utrecht. Kings county, L. I. Bv 
this agreement said tract is equally 
divided, the southermost half to be the 
separate property of Holsaert, and the 
northermost half to belong to Mark 
Salem. 

This name has been spelled in several 
different ways. Persons who write 
their names today "Hulse" had parents 
who wrote the name "Hulshart." Among- 
the many marriages of this familv rec- 
orded in Books A and B of marriages 
in our county clerk's office, the follow- 
ing have been selected to show this 
fact: 

Samuel Hulshart to Mary Em! 



Covenhoven. 



Tunis Hulshart to Margatv 
January 5. 1797. 

John Hulse, son of William, to Elizabeth 
Harvey, daughter "f William I arvey. June l!i, 
1S05. 

William Hulse was married to Sarah For- 
man, April 18. 1799, by Rev. John W...«lhull, 
D.D. 

Ezra Havens was married to Mahala Hulse. 
both of Howell township. May 3, 1814, by 



"Our county records show that this name 
i sometimes spelled Hulst and Hulz. The 
owing entry from minutes No. 6 of Mon- 
uth Sessions. 1775-1783, shows one of these 

OCTOBER TERM. 1778. 



Appeal fr 



John Longstreet, Esq., 
Joseph Lawrence. Esq., 
Peter Forman. Esq.. 
Denise Denise. Esq., 

Judges. 

ppellant. ads. The State. 

lilitia fine, £18.15 under tl 

iubstitution. 



It appearing that the Appellant when called, 
was employed at a salt works which boils at 
least 1000 gallons of salt water for the pur- 
pose of making salt, and as the Legislature of 
the State of New Jersey passed an act the 11th 
day of December, 1777, for the exempting one 
man from Military Duty for every 500 gallons 
of salt water boiled as aforesaid, and a sub- 
stitute hired in his stead. Ordered that said 
fine of eighteen pounds and fifteen shillings be 
remitted and entirely set aside." 



EARL i DITCH SETTLERS OE MOXMUCTH. 



Margaret Yetman, widow, by Rev. Benjamin 
DuBois. 

Sidney Hulshart was married to Ann Ben- 
nett, both of Freehold township Feb. 24, 1820. 

Thomas Hulshart was married to Anndoshe 
Hulshart April 23, 1824. by John D. Barkalow, 
elder of the Independent Methodist church. 

Stephen Hulshart to Jane Matthews, Dec. 
29. 1829. 

Joseph G. Hulshart, Esq.. was married Jan- 
uary 19. 1832. to Agnes M. Ely Bennett, by 
John D. Barkalow, elder, etc. 

The last couple were the parents of 
John W. Hulse, Esq., one of the jus- 
tices of the peace of the township and 
police justice of the town of Freehold. 
Justice Hulse has abbreviated his name 
to the first syllable of his f; 



iv othe 



the 



5ted 



and served as a Union soldier until the 
close of the Civil War. He has served 
one term as justice of Freehold town- 
ship, and gave such satisfaction by his 
fair and impartial decisions that he 
was elected to his second term without 
opposition. In his physical appearance 
he Is a fair type of the old generations 
of this family and also seems to have 
their usual mental traits. For the Huls- 
harts have ever been a plain and unpre- 
tentions people, without those meddle- 
some propensities, overweening self- 
conceit and insatiable curiosity which 
make the descendants of certain people 
such unmitigated nuisances to their 
neighbors. Justice Hulse has in his 
possession a letter dated August 16, 
1830. written and signed by "John Hol- 
sart" as he spells his name, who is 
also one of this family. 

It is addressed to "John Barcalow." 
then overseer of the poor of Freehold 
township, and the grandfather of Wicoff 
Barkalow, the present overseer of the 
poor of this township. He signs him- 
self in this letter as a justice of the 
peace of Middletown township. The 
letter is well written and words cor- 
rectly spelled. This man lived and 
died on his farm which lay about a 
mile west of Colts Neck. This part of 
Middletown was taken off when Atlan- 
tic township was formed. He married 
Mary, daughter of Tobias Polhemus of 
Upper Freehold township, and was one 
of our soldiers in the Revolutionary 
war, and was with Col. Asher Holmes 
at the battle of Germantown. He died 
December 6. 1846. aged 87 years, 6 
months, 27 days, according to the in- 
scription on his tombstone in yard of 
Marlboro Brick church. His wife, Mary 
Polhemus. died February 13. 1851, aged 
84 years, 10 months, 3 days. Their un- 
married daughter, "Maria P. Holsairt." 



as name is spelled on headstone, is in- 
terred by them. She was born Decem- 
ber 24, 1792, and died August 12, 1883. 

John Holsart's will is recorded in 
Book E of Wills, page 173, Monmouth 
Surrogate's office. He gives 'his wife 
Mary, and his daughter Maria, full pos- 
session of his lands, stock and house- 
hold goods as long as they live to- 
gether and his widow remains unmar- 
ried. All his weaving apparatus he 
gives to his son-in-law, Elias Sickles, 
his watch to his grandson, John Hol- 
sart Sickles, but if he dies under age, 
then to his brother, DeWitt Sickles. He 
directs 150 acres to be run off so as to 
take in all the buildings on his home- 
stead farm and devises it in fee to his 
daughter Mariah. The remainder of his 
lands is to be equally divided between 
his daughter Mariah. and his daughter 
Hannah, wife of Elias Sickles. He pro- 
vides for his colored man Jack and or- 
ders that he shall be maintained on the 
homestead out of his estate. His 
daughter Mariari, and "trusty friend" 
John Statesir, are appointed executors. 
Henry D. Polhemus, J. M. Hartshorne. 
and R. S. Hendrickson are the witness- 
es. The will is dated June 27, 1838, and 
proved January 27, 1847. 

'Squire Holsart had another daughter 
not named in this will, Eleanor. She . 
married Daniel, son of Daniel Barkalow 
and Annttje Luyster, his wife, and they 
removed to and settled in Western New 
York or Ohio. 

Elias Sickles, who married Hannah 
Holsart. and named in above will, re- 
sided near the village of Marlboro and 
was a deacon in 1830 and elder in 1844 
of the Dutch church. He is a descend- 
ant of the "VanSiclin" or "VanSikkele." 
family who settled in the vicinity of 
Gravesend, L. I. The name on the old 
records of Monmouth Dutch church is 
spelled in the latter way; see page 87 
of Wells' Memorial Address at Brick 
church. 

Elias Sickles by Hannah Holsart. his 
wife, had eight children. One of his 
daughters, Willempe, married Peter 
Antonides, who has always lived and 
carried on a blacksmith business at 
East Freehold, where his father, Peter 
Antonides, t and grandfather, John An- 
tonides. also lived and carried on same 



He 



■nib.- 



IMS. 



fPeter Antonides is buried in old trr:i\ i-vani 
near East Freehold, called erroneously the 
Wyrkoff burying ground. His tombstone states 
he died Dec. 6, 1828, aged 53 yrs. 5 m. 16 d. 
Mary Lloyd, his wife, died March 3. 1836. 
aged 56 yrs. 11 m. 26 d. 




JOHN W. HULSE. 
of the Peace of Freehold Town 



V.'K'oFF BARKALOW, 
if the Poor of Freehold Townshi 





JOHN R. LONGSTREET, 

Son of Gilbert Lonpstreet, of Upper Freehold 

Township, Monmouth County. N. J. 



MARY MIERS. 

Wife of John R. Lonnstreet. 

daughter of Garret Conover 

Hendrickson. his wi 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



was a son of Peter Antonides and Mary 
Lloyd, his wife. She was a daughter of 
David Lloyd. Mr. Peter Antonides, al- 
though now over four score years, is 
as straight and erect as a flag staff, 
supple and quick and able to shoe a 
horse and do other blacksmith work as 
well as any other young- man in this 
county. One of his uncles, Vincent, or 
Vincentius Antonides, removed to and 
settled in Ohio during the early part of 
this century. It is said he has raised a 
large family there. 

The grandson, John H. Sickles, named 
in Squire Holsart's will, and to whom 
the watch is given, is still living. He 
was a Union soldier in the war of the 



IV1..-II 



Ur 



•bels 



or rebel sympathizers with all his 
heart. He is still a bachelor, for like 
a celebrated judge of Monmouth county 
used to remark, he believes a "man is 
never satisfied until he gets as bad off 
as possible, as is the case when mar- 
ried." So he has escaped the marriage 
noose and rejoices in single blessed- 
ness. He is Dutch clear through on 
both sides, and sometimes remarks that 
not a drop of mongrel or English blood 
beats in his heart. 

The Hulsharts have generally follow- 
ed agricultural or kindred pursuits and 
have been as a rule good citizens. 



THE AUMACKS OR AUMOCKS OF MONMOUTH 
AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



The name of "Teunis Amak" and 
Lena Lain (Lane), his wife, appear as 
members of the Monmouth Dutch 
church in 1723, while his brother. 
"Stephen Aumack" and Jannetie Janse, 
his wife, are entered on the church 
records five years later. * 

Abraham Emans t (Emmons), a resi- 
dent of Freehold township, conveys to 
Hendrick Htndrickson and Jaques 
Denys (Denise) of New Utrecht. L. I., 
by deed dated May 1. 1719, ninety-six 
and a half acres of land in Freehold 
township, bounded east by Bartlett 
Brook, west by lands of Thomas Cooper, 
south by lands of Samuel Dennis and 
north by lands formerly William Scott's. 
This tract is described as beginning at 
William Layton's. formerly John Scott's 
corner. % The grantor and grantees 
named in this deed, all join in a deed 
dated May 5. 1730, conveying this same 
land to Stephen Aumack. Emans joins 
in order to cure a defect in the former 
deed. "Theuny Amack" and "Peter 
Jansen," as they spell their names, are 
witnesses to this second deed.g Solomon 

-Wells' Memorial Address at Brick Church, 
page 87. 

lAbraham Emans and Hendrick Emans. wno 
settled at Six Mile Run, Somerset county. N. 
J., in 1703, were sons of Andrews Emans. who 
came to America in 1661 and settled at Grave- 
send. L. I. This name in Monmouth county 
is now spelled Emmons. Margaret, wife of 
above Abraham Emans. was a member of the 
Monmouth Dutch church in 1713. See Wells' 
Memorial Address, page 85. 

{Book G of Deeds, page 61. etc., Monmouth 

114, Monmouth 



Deboogh (Debow) by deed dated March 
11, 1739, conveys a tract of 100 acres in 
Freehold township to "Theunis Amack" 
who is described as a weaver, and resi- 
dent of Monmouth county. Bartlet 
Brook and Long Brook are mentioned 
as part of the boundaries of this tract. ]| 

"Thunis Amack" is named among the 
grand jurors impannelled by Sheriff 
H. Hindus Verbryck at April term, 
1735. and Stephen Amack among the 
grand jurors impannelled by Sheriff 
James Stevenson at April term, 1744. \ 

In Book H of Deeds, page 275, is the 
record of a public Highway laid out on 
June 14. 1740, by the surveyors of the 
highways. "Theunis Amack's" lands 
and "Stephen Amack's" mill are named 
in this return. They also make "void" 
(vacate) a 2-rod road laid through the 
Amack's, Tunis Denis (Denise). Gilbert 
V.i n: Mater, Judah Williams, Thomas 
Borden, and Nathan Tilton's lands. This 
record shows that the two Aumack 
brothers lived near each other on this 
new road, and that Stephen Aumack 
operated a grist mill. Teunis Aumack 
married Lena, a daughter of Jacob 
Thysen Laen (Lane) and Elizabeth 
Barkalow, his wife, and had the follow- 
ing children baptized: 

Jannetje, Nov. 24. 1723. 

Child unnamed. August 8, 1725. 

Elizabeth. August 5, 1733. 

Afhie. August 17. 1735. 

Jan. April 15, 1738. 

Mathys. August 2, 1742. 



[Book H of Deeds, pau'e 237, Monmouth 

•ords. 

'Minutes of Monmouth courts. 1735-1744. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Teunis and Stephen Aumack were 
born at Flatlands, L. I., and were the 
sons ot Theunis Janse VanAmach, of 
that place. He is named among the 
citizens who took the oath of allegiance 
in 1687. and he is then put down as 
having been 14 years in America.** The 
name is there spelled as VanAmach. I 
do not know how many children he 
had. The name was first spelled in 
Monmouth "Amak" and "Amack." 

In Book A of Marriages, page 59, is 
record of a marriage, where the parties 
were both of this family, and it shows 
how unsettled they were a century ago 
in the spelling of this name. 

"Teunis Aumack to Mary Aamach, 
Nov. 26, 1801," is the way it is entered. 
According to tradition Theunis Janse 
VanAmach was a marine on one of 
Admiral Cornelius Evertsen's or Jacob 
Binckes' ships, when they compelled 
the English to haul down their flag- 
over New York in 1673. The red. white 
and blue of the Netherlands Republic 
waved over New York and New Jersey 
for about a year. VanAmach. then a 

came attached to the daughter of a 
Dutch settler who lived in Brooklyn. 
Either his term of enlistment expired, 
or he was discharged, for when the 
fleet sailed away, he remained and be- 
came a resident of Flatlands, where he 
raised a family. He is therefore the 
progenitor of all the Aumacks and 
Aumocks in Monmouth and Ocean 
counties. 

This family can therefore look back 
to one of the Dutchmen who wrested 
the New Netherlands from the English 
in 1673. and helped fight in the mem- 
orable war of that year, as their pro- 
genitor. This conquest of the New 
Netherlands was not a secret, treacher- 
ous attack, without a declaration of 
war. but a fair conquest after announc- 
ed hostilities. England and France with 
the German Provinces of Munster and 
Cologne, had combined in an alliance to 
wipe out the Republic of Holland trom 
the map of Europe. It is true, there 
was a party in England opposed to this 
alliance and war, but they were made 
up principally of the old Republicans 
and Roundheads , who had followed 
Cromwell. They knew King Charles 
II was a papist at heart, and this al- 
liance was really a blow at the Pro- 
testant religion, and to restore the 
Roman Hierarchy to its old power over 
the world. Charles II had attacked and 
seized the Dutch colony of New York 
in 1661. in order to provoke the States 



General into a declaration of war 
against England. Such an attack must 
cause war as a child might know. This 
in England would be reprensented as a 
defensive war, and so, the Protestant 
party would be compelled, nolens vol- 
ens, to stand up for their country. 

As Charles II and his secret instiga- 
tor, Louis XIV expected and intended, 
this capture of the Dutch colony in 
America, together with an attack on 
their African trading posts at about 
the same time, and the seizure of Dutch 
merchant ships, compelled the States 
tieneral to declare war against Eng- 
land. The successes of the Dutch ad- 
mirals at sea, together with other 
troubles, led the English Parliament to 
interfere with the purposes of then- 
King'. A hollow peace was patched up, 
but the English puppet of the French 
monarch, held to the same resolution to 
destroy if possible, the Holland Repub- 
lic. It oecame necessary, however, to 
educate public opinion, and inflame the 
passions of the English people, in order 
to overcome the opposition of the Pro- 
testant leaders. Pamphlets and other 
writings were circulated, filled with the 
most outrageous accusations against 
the Dutch. 

A roorbach was circulated through 
England that Admiral VanTromp. as 
they called him, after defeating the 
English fleet in the late war, had hoist- 
ed a broom at his masthead and cruised 
up and down the English coast, to show 
that he had swept the English ships 
from the seas. 

This canard was well calculated to 
arouse the patriotism and wrath of the 
English masses, and make them sup- 
port any alliance, even with the Turks. 
to punish such insolence. There was 
no one in England to contradict this 
lie, so it run its lull course, and arous- 
ed the English people to bitter anger 
and fury against the Dutch. Admiral 



bra 



iff 



ith- 



>VoI. 



O'Call. Doc. Hist, of N. Y., p. 661 



out the bravado of the French or the 
cant and hypocrisy of the English. He 
was no more likely t" perpetrate such 
a puerile, fantastic and idiotic act, than 
General Grant was to stick a peacock 
leather in his hat, and strut around 
with it, after the surrender at Appo- 
mattox. Nevertheless, every charge 
against the Dutch was believed without 
any question. No one ever asked how 
it was possible to see a little broom, 
fastened high up among the ropes and 
sails of a ship's mast, two or three 
miles off at sea from the English coast. 
Like the story of the Dutch drinking 
intoxicating liquors before suing into 
action, it was a lie cut out ol the whole 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



cloth. At that time and for many gen- 
erations after, it was the custom of 
the English navy to serve out grog- to 
their sailors before going- into action. 
It was supposed to give them courage, 
yet in this, as in many other things, 
they charged all their vices on the 
Dutch, while they arrogated all the vir- 
tues to themselves. 

It would have been far more in ac- 
cordance with the truth, to have label- 
led it Cockney or British courage, in- 
stead of Dutch. Not only were such 
roorbachs industriously circulated, but 
plays were written and acted in the 
theatres of England, showing the Dutch 
up in the most odious light. 

Even the famous John Dryden devot- 
ed his talents to composing such a play, 
which was acted to crowded houses, 
and excited the fury and hatred of the 
lower classes, so that private citizens 
of Holland were mobbed in the streets 
of London. This play was written and 
acted long before the open alliance be- 
tween France and England was con- 
summated, yet there are several pas- 
sages in it which point to it. and show 
that Dryden was either conversant 
with the plans of the king, or else 
wrote the play under particular in- 
structions. Straws, it is said, show 
which way the wind blows, and this 
play coming from a man like John 
Dryden, shows that it was one of the 
methods used to educate public opinion, 
and shut the mouths of the Protestant 
or peace party. This play, called Am- 
boyna. met with great success. The 
theatres were crowded to overflowing 
by the people, and it seemed to move 
them as much as the play of Uncle 
Tom's Cabin influenced the people of 



the North, 



the 



of 



Abraham Lincoln. A strong appeal to 
the feelings will often move the masses 
more strongly than the best argument 
addressed to their reason. The copy of 
"Amboylia" which I have, was printed 
in London, England, during the latter 
part of the 17th century. It begins with 
a personal address to the "Right Hon- 
orable Lord Clifford of Chudleigh," who 
appears to have been high treasurer of 
England and one of Dryden's patrons. 
As a specimen of fulsome flattery, and 
snobbish sycophancy it is unequalled. 
Dryden says that this play was "con- 



ned 



illi 



ends 



up 



.- • < 1 < i I r I t 



"I pretend not by it (the play) to make any 
manner of return for your favors : and that I 
only give you a new occasion for exercising 

your goodness to me. in pariliiniiig tin- failing!. 






JOHN DRYDEN." 
es what he calls a prologue 
in verse as follows: — 



"As needy Gallants in the Scriv'ners' hands. 
Court the rich knave that gripes their mort- 

gag'd lands. 
The first fat buck of all the Season's sent. 
And keeper takes no fee in compliment ; 
The Dotage of some Englishmen is such. 
To fawn on those who ruin them— the Dutch. 
They shall have all, rather than make a war 
With those, who of the same religion are. 
The Streights. the Guiney Trade, the Herrings 

Nay to keep Friendship, they shall pickle you. 

Some are resolved not to find out the cheat. 

Hut cuckold-like, loves him who does the feat: 

What injuries so'ever upon us fall, 

Yet still, the same religion answers all : 

Religion wheedled you to Civil War, 

Drew English blood, and Dutchmen's now would 

Be gull'd no longer, for you'll find it true. 
They have no more Religion, faith— than you: 
Interest's the God they worship in their State. 
And you. I take it, have not much of that. 
Well, monarchies may own Religious name, 
But States are Athiests in their very frame. 
They share a sin. and such proportions fall 
That like a stink, 'tis nothing to 'em all. 
How they love England, you shall see this day: 
No map shows Holland truer than our Play: 
View then their falsehoods, rapine, cruelty : 
And think what once they were, they still 

would be: 
Rut hope not either language, plot, or art. 
'Twas writ in haste but with an English heart : 
And let's, hope, wit in Dutchman would be 
As much improper as would honesty. 



■Aiub.. 



a. or the 

English 



Merchants." 



The 



boyna. with a dialogue between the 
Dutch Governor and his fiscal, in which 
they congratulate each other, in dam- 
aging the English East India company 
to an immense amount, and then set- 



The fls 



the 



carry oi 


it a "Plot" against 


l, which 


he has contrived. 


ice of it 


is. to cut all their 



The 



ful 
charges, of pi 



li.-lory nf Klnilaml during Ihi 



conspiracies. As 
it was a favorite accusation among 
themselves it became very easy to 
make it against foreign people. 

An English captain named Tow. is. in. 
in the employ of the English East India 
company, and an English merchant are 
nexi brought on the stage. The English 
merchant and the Dutch fiscal engage 
in the following dialogue. The English 



thi 



Hi 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



English Merchant— "Not 
you have stolen the arms < 
in Europe, and wanting : 
hold with the first of Div 



g gentlemen, 

best families 

te. you make 

attril 



call'd yourselves the 'High and Mighty ;' 
though, let me tell you, that besides the blas- 
phemy, the title is ridiculous, for. 'High' is no 
more proper for the Netherlands, than 'Might' 
is, for seven little rascally Provinces, no big- 
ger in all than a Shire in England. But for 
my main theme, your ingratitude to England. 
We have set you up and you undermind our 
Power and Circumvent our trade." 

Dutch Fiscal— "Yes, and good reason, if our 
interest requires it ; hut-ides you give one of 
the names of the 'Almighty' to your high men 
in England, by calling them Lords, and so 
make the vulgar people worship them, as 
Deities or Human Gods." 

English Merchant — "That leads me to your 
religion, which is made up of interest ; at home 
ye tolerate all worships in them who can pay 
for it, and abroad you were latterly so civil to 
the Emperor of Pegu (Peru) as to offer sac- 
rifices to his idols." 

Dutch Fiscal — "Yes, this is all true, and you 
English were such precise fools as to refuse it." 

English Merchant — "For frugality, we con- 
fess we cannot compare with you. Our English 
merchants live like noblemen, while you gen- 
tlemen, if you have any, live like Boors. You 
are the mill horses of Mankind ; a pickled her- 
ring is all your riches. You have good title to 
cheat all Europe, for you cozen your own 
backs and bellies." 

Dutch Fiscal— "Yes, this is all true." 

English Merchant— "Your liberties are a 
greater cheat than any of the rest. You are 
ten times more taxed than any people in 
Christendom. You flatter our Kings and ruin 
their subjects." 

Dutch Fiscal— "You English are so honest, 
that we Dutch can easily fool you in name of 
our Protestant religion." 

English Merchant "I prophesy the day will 
come, when some English king will see through 
your hypocricies and frauds and protect the 
honest and true-hearted English, against the 
rascalities of the Dutch, and resume the fisher- 
ies of the seas, and the riches of the East 

Some light scenes and dialogues are 
next introduced to relieve the gravity 
of the play. Then an English woman, 
pale, weak, and in tattered garments, 
appears on the stage. She tells a hor- 
rible story, how she and her husband 
had been on an English ship, and by 
treachery certain Hollanders had mur- 
dered the English crew and plundered 
the ship. That she and her husband 
had escaped in a small boat, and after 
terrible suffering her husband died, but 
she was rescued by a noble English 
captain. Then follow scenes in which 
great outrages are perpetrated by a 
son of the Dutch Governor, and the 
English Captain, Towerson, fights with 
and kills him in a fair duel. The 



bred 



Dutch Governor and his fiscal then ar- 
ranged a treacherous plot against the 
English. They falsely accuse them of 
trying to capture the Dutch fort, and 
put them to horrible tortures to elicit 
a confession. Scene opens and shows 
the English tortured in the most fiend- 
ish manner by fire and water, while the 
Dutchmen joke and laugh at their suf- 
ferings. The Governor remarks, as 
they burn the English merchant, that 
he will light his pipe just where the 
"wyck" is fed with English fat; that 
"the tobacco tastes divinely after being 
so fired." 

After torture, the English captain is 
put to death, and the play closes with 
a scene in which the Dutch are feasting 
arM making merry over a division of 
the wealth of the murdered English. 
Then follows an "Epilogue" as Dryden 
calls it. as follows: 

To one well-born, th' affront is worse and more. 
When he's abus'd and baffled by a Boor: 
With an ill-grace the Dutch their mischiefs do. 
They've both ill nature and ill manners too. 
Well may they boast themsalves an ancient 

nation. 
For they 

fashion : 
And their new Comn 
Only from honor and civility. 
Venetians do not more uncouthly ride 
Than did their Lubber State mankind bestride. 
Their sway became "em with as ill a mien. 
As their own paunches swell above their chin : 
Yet is their empire no true growth but humor. 
And only two kings touch can cure the 

As Cato did his Afric fruits display : 
So we before your eyes their Indies lay. 
All loyal English will like him conclude 
Let Ca?sar live and Carthage be subdued. 

This is a clear and plain effort to 
educate public opinion in England, so 
that an alliance with France against 
Holland would be popular among the 
English masses. This play is well con- 
trived to stir up their anger and pride, 
and was intended for that very purpose. 
It fell in with the policy and purposes 
of Charles II, and we can see why 
Dryden was a favorite of the court and 
patronized by the high officials. 

This play was written and acted in 
the theatres of London several years 
before the alliance between England 
and France against Holland was con- 
summated by an aggressive movement 
against the Republic. 



Kings refer to 



EFFORTS OF FRANCE AND ENGLAND TO CRUSH 
HOLLAND REPUBLIC. 



Louis XIV of France was one of the 
most astute and able of the king's of 
Europe. His zeal and devotion to the 
Roman Hierarchy is proved by the ban- 
ishment of half a million of his protes- 
tant subjects from France. These ref- 
ugees were known as French Hugue- 
nots. As Macaulay, Dickens, and other 
truthful historians of England have 
shown, Charles II was a mere puppet 
of this champion of Rome. Behind both 
stood the priests, dictating and urging 
a union which would restore, as they 
thought, the church to its old authority 
and power in the world. Their object 
was to crush the Protestant Republic 
of Holland. They were not only here- 
tics but republicans, setting a bad ex- 
ample to Christendom. Their great 
prosperity and wealth also excited jeal- 
ousy and alarm. This Republic so near 
the territory of France and England 
was a continual menace to the exis- 
tence of monarchies. If people without 
a king could prosper so, what necessity 
was there for royalty and an aristo- 
cratic or Brahmin caste, to uphold it. 
Kingcraft and priestcraft were there- 
fore in hearty agreement to wreck this 
upstart Republic. These "seven ras- 
cally little provinces," as Dryden put 



big 



Ens 



-h sill 



The two great monarchies of France 
and England could easily wipe Holland 
off the map of Europe, everybody 
thougnt. The two Catholic Bishops of 
the German Provinces of Munster and 
Cologne also joined this alliance with 
England and France to destroy Holland. 
This fact alone would show that behind 
this alliance of nations stood the Roman 
Hierarchy. Our American historian. 
Bancroft, thus describes this great and 
most eventful contest: — 

"Charles II had begun hostilities as a 
pirate, and Louis XIV did not disguise 
his purpose of conquest. 

"With armies amounting to 200,000 
men, to which Holland could oppose no 
more than 20.000, the French monarch 
invaded the Republic. Within a month 
Holland was exposed to the same des- 
perate dangers she had encountered a 
century before, while the English fleet, 
hovering off the coast, endeavored to 
land English troops into the heart of 
the wealthiest of the provinces. Ruin 



The annals of the human race record 
but lew instances where moral force 
has so successfully defied every dis- 



ity 



for 



3d repelled 



:h de 



perate odds by invincible heroism, 

"At sea, where greatly superior num- 
bers were on the side of the allied 
fleets of France and England, the un- 
tiring courage of the Dutch would not 
consent to be defeated. On land the 
dikes were broken up and the country 
drowned. The son of Grotius, con- 
cealing his anger, at ignominious pro- 
posals of the French, protracted the 
negotiations till the rising waters 
could form a wide and impassable moat 
around the cities. At Groningen, men. 
women and children worked on the for- 
tifications. Fear was not permitted to 
the women. William of Orange (after- 
wards King of England), was advised 
by Arlington, one of the great Virgin- 
ian proprietors, to seek advancement 
and gain for himself, by yielding to 
England: 'My country,' calmly replied 
the young man, 'trusts in me. 1 will 
not sacrifice it to my interests, but if 
needs be, die with it in the last ditch.' " 
The landing of the British troops in 
Holland could only be prevented bv 
three naval engagements. The veteran 
DeRuyter and the younger VanTromp, 
a son of the old Admiral, had been bit- 
ter enemies. The latter had been dis- 
graced on the charge of the former. 
June 7. 1673. at the battle of Soulsbay, 
where the Dutch with 52 ships of the 
line engaged an enemy with 80, De- 
Ruyter was successful in his first man- 
oeuvers, while the extraordinary ardor 
of VanTromp, plunged him headlong 
into danger and he could not recover. 
The frank and true hearted DeRuyter, 
checked himself in his career of vic- 
tory, and turned to the relief of his 
rival. "Oh, there comes grandfather to 
the rescue!" shouted VanTromp in ecs- 
tasy. "I will never desert him, as long 
as I breathe." The issue of the battle 
was uncertain. June 14. seven days 
later, a second battle was fought, and 
Hi. advantage was with the Dutch. 
About three weeks after the Dutch cap- 



the 



iblf 



lflict 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



place near Helder. The enthusiasm of 
the Duloh mariners dared almost infin- 
ite deeas of valor. 

The noise of the artillery boomed 
along the low coast of Holland. The 
churches on the shore and the dikes 
were thronged with people, praying to 
the God of Battles to give victory to 
the risht cause and their country. The 
contest raged and exhausted, and was 
again renewed with unexampled fury. 
Victory was with DeRuyter and Van- 
Tromp. The British fleet retreated and 



pur 



Thi 



English Parliament to refuse Charles 
II further supplies. This led to peace 
with England, although war went on 
with Prance. At one time affairs seem- 
ed so hopeless, with the great French 
army in the heart of the country, and 
the mighty allied fleet on the coast it 
was resolved with inflexible Dutch res- 
olution, to defend the country to the 
last, and. if all failed, to take to their 
ships, and sail to some other part of 
the world, and there found a new coun- 
try and so preserve the liberties of 
which Europe was unworthy. 

About a month after the defeat of 
the allied fleets, or between the 7th and 
13th of September, 1673, Capt. Knyff 
and Lieut. Snell with a company of 
Dutch mariners from one of Admiral 
Evertsen's ships which lay in the North 
River before New York, came over in 
a sloop to Monmouth county, landed at 
Waycake creek, and marched up to 
Middletown village and administered 
the oath of allegiance to the States 
General of Holland to the citizens there 
and then went to Shrewsbury and did 
the same. The people with exception 
of a dozen or so who were absent, took 
the oath of allegiance. So our people 
of Monmouth were a part of the little 
Netherland Republic and entitled to 
some share of the glory which belonged 
to their mother country at this time. 
If this alliance had succeeded in crush- 
ing Holland, there would have been no 
Stadtholder with his Dutch army to 
land at Torbay. and deliver the Protes- 
tants of England from the tyranny of 
James II. The great revolution of 1688 
would never have occurred. James II. 
backed by the subtle brain and strong 
arm of Louis XIV would perhaps have 
crushed protestantism in England, as 
completely as Louis XIV had done in 
France by revoking the Edict of Nantes. 

For after the failure of Monmouth's 
rebellion, the spirit of the English peo- 
ple seemed crushed. The savage and 
brutal punishments inflicted by Jeffrey 
and Kirke hardly called forth a whim- 
per of protest, so abject was the terror 



and fear they inspired with the gibbet, 
hot pitch and dismembered corpses 
hung up at nearly every cross road in 
England. 

This victory of the Dutch made the 
deliverance of the English by William 
of Orange possible. The hand of Prov- 
idence was never more signally dis- 
played in the history of states and na- 
tions than in the defeat of these power- 
ful nations by "seven little rascally 
provinces, all told no bigger than an 
English shire." to use Dryden's expres- 
sion. It was a year big with future 
events in the history of Christendom 
and the world, as subsequent results 
show. 

The sacrifices, services, and patriot- 
ism of William of Orange * in this war 
wth England, France and the two Ger- 
man provinces, together with those of 
his great grandfather, Willam the 
Silent in the Spanish war. have made 
their names venerated in Holland, as 
Washington's is in America. 

The descendants of the Dutch in the 
United States claim all three as their 
worthy trio of heroes, and worthy of 
each other to stand in eternal union 
and glory. For all three, one as much 
as the other, they feel a veneration and 
gratitude which words cannot express. 
The following song, so popular in Hol- 
land, gives but a feeble echo of what is 
in the hearts of all who prize justice, 
independence and liberty for "the Fris- 
ians shall be free as long as the winds 
of heaven blow!" 

We leven in Nederland vrij en blij.t hoezea ! 
Wars zijn we van elke dwingelandij. hoezee ! 
Vervloekt zij eeuwig het vreemde juk. 
Op vrijheid, rrijheid zijn we tuk. 

VIVAT ORAN.IE. HOEZEE! 



Oi-anjt'khmt lijn we dus op en top! 
Oranje boven. Oranje voorop ! 

VIVAT ORANJE. HOEZEE! 

Oranje blijv, Nederlands toeverlaat, h 
Alleen met Oranje ons Nederland staat 
Lang leve Oranje ! mi 



Wit en Blaauw! 
VIVAT ORANJE. HOEZEE! 

tVrij en Blij means Free and Happy. 

Bishop Burnet thus describes William of 
Orange : 

"I had occasion to know him well, having 
observed him very carefully in a course of 16 

"He believed in the truths of the Christian 
religion very firmly, and expressed a horror of 
atheism and blasphemy. 

"He was constant in his private prayers and 
in reading the Scriptures. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



"His indifference to the form of church gov- 
ernment and his being zealous for toleration, 
together with his cold behavior towards the 
clergy, pave them generally an ill opinion of 
him. He loved the Dutch, and was much 
beloved among them ; but the ill returns he 
the English nation, their jealousies 



of hi: 






per 






.ind. 



■id had 



nated 






effect 



them, which he did 
conceal, though he 

i upon his business. 
'Watching over the court of France, and 
bestirring himself against their practices was 
the prevailing passion of his whole life. I 
considered him a person raised up by God to 
resist the power of France and the progress of 
tyranny and persecution. 

"The series of five Princes of Orange that 
was now ended in him was the noblest succes- 
sion of heroes we find in any history. And 
the 30 years from lo72 to his death in which 
he acted so great a part, carry in them so 
many amazing steps of a glorious and dis- 
tinguishing Providence that in the words of 



David he may be called "The man of God's 
right hand whom he made strong for himself.' 
He received, however, in his life time little 
else than calumnies, abuse and ingratitude 
from the nation he served so well. He once 
remarked to Lord Halifax, when speaking of 
the treatment he had received from the two 
great parties of England, that all the difference 
he knew between them was 'the Tories would 
cut throat in the morning and the Whigs in 
the afternoon." Subsequent generations and 
posterity in England have acknowledged his 
great services and abilities, but in a grudging 
spirit and without any heartiness, as though 
jealous of the contrast between their native 
born monarchs and this Dutchman from over 
the sea. Macaulay, who is of Scotch ancestry, 
has done him justice but even he thus des- 
cribes him: 'His manners, (when King of 
England) were altogether Dutch. Even his 
countrymen thought him blunt. To foreigners 
he often seemed churlish. In his intercourse 
with the world he appeared ignorant or negli- 
gent of those arts which double the value of a 



THE BARKALOW FAMILY. 



Alter the New Netherlands were 
seized in 1664 by the English Govern- 
ment the public records were kept in 
the English language. Many of the 
scriveners who wrote legal papers like 
wills, deeds, etc.. were ignorant of the 
Dutch language, so they spelled and 
wrote Holland names, like the Indians, 
from sound. They also made many sur- 
names from the Dutch custom of call- 
ing a person by his christian name fol- 
lowed bv his father's christian name, 
with z. s. se. or sen. affixed. Thus if 
Derrick Barkalow had a son named 
Pieter, he wou.ld be called Peter Der- 
ricks, or Derricksen. If the latter had 
a son Jan. he would be known as Jan 
Pietersen, or Pieterz. If he called his 
son Hendrick; he would be designated 
as Hendrick Jans, or Jansen. The Eng- 
lish conveyancers would often write 
these names according to above custom 
in deeds and other legal documents, 
which went on permanent record. In 
two or three generations such names 
would become fixed and unchangable. 
according to the English custom, to 
identify persons and families and keep 
land titles straight. This is the reason 
why several family surnames have orig- 
inated from one Dutch progenitor. It 
often makes it very difficult and in 
some cases impossible, to trace family- 
connections, especially if they frequent- 
ly changed their residence and neg- 
lected to keep a family record or have 



their children baptized. For this reason 
it is now difficult to trace the Barkalow 
family. This name. too. in changing 
from the Dutch to the English lan- 
guage, has been spelled in many differ- 
ent ways, as VanBerculo, VanBurkalow, 
Borckelloo, Berkelue. etc. 

The original emigrant from Holland 
was William Janse Barkelo. He came 
to America at an early date, and settled 
permanently at Flatbush. Long Island, 
where he raised a family of several 
girls and boys. Among the list of per- 
sons taking the oath of allegiance to 
the English government in 1687, and 
published on page 661. vol. 1. O'Callag- 
han's Documentary History of Xiu 
York, we find the name of William 
Williamsen Borcklo, who is put down' 
as born in America, and a resident at 
that date of Platlands. Also, Jan Wil- 
liamsen Borcklo, also a native and then 
resding at Gravesend, L. I. Elizabeth 
Barkalow, who married Jacob Thysen 
Laen (Lane), and whose name is found 
among the original members of the 
Monmouth Dutch church in 1709, is 
supposed to be one of his daughters. 
One of his younger sons. Conradt, set- 
tled in Somerset county of this state as 
early as 1714, and is the ancestor of the 
"Barcalows" there, as they generally 
spell their names. I have, however, an 
original receipt in my possession given 
130 years ago. which is signed by "Dan- 
iel Barricklo." It is his genuine si&na- 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



ture and shows another of the many 
ways the name has been spelled. The 
following is a true copy: "1770, April 
25, then received from Cornelius Ten- 
Broeck the sum of seventeen pounds, 
light money, being in full for a yoke 
of oxen, I say, received by me. Daniel 
Barricklo." Another son of the first 
emigrant who was born at Flatbush, 
Long Island, and learned the weaver's 
trade was Derrick. He married on 
Long Island, September 11, 1709, Janetje 
VanArsdalen, and soon after removed 
to Monmouth county, for both of them 
are named as members of the Dutch 
church here in 1711. He seems to have 
been among the active workers in this 
church, and was made an elder in 1739. 
He died in 1741 before all his children 
had arrived at age. The minutes of 
the Monmouth courts show that he was 
on the grand jury in January term of 
1735. and several times afterwards. His 
name is here spelled "Derk Barkelo." 

In Book E of Deeds, page 336. etc.. 
Monmouth clerk's office, is record of a 
deed from Thomas Foreman and Mary, 
his wife, of Freehold township, to 
"Derrick Barcalow" of same township, 
dated April 15. 1719. conveying in fee 
90 acres in same township. It is gen- 
erally described as bounded on the 
north by the Burlington road, south 
and west by John Oakerson's lands, and 
east by two ditches and a run of water. 
Passequenecke brook is also mentioned 
in this description. It was part of a 
tract conveyed to Thomas Foreman by 
deed from John Oakerson dated Mav 1, 
1710. 

Jacob Laen and John Sutven (Sut- 
phen) are the witnesses. 

The records of the Monmouth Dutch 
church show that Derrick Barkalow 
and Jane VanArsdalen. his wife, had 
the following children baptized: 

Alke (Aeltje) Oct. 1. 1710: m. Jan. son of 
Jan Pieterse Wyckoff and Neeltje Williamse 
Couwenhoven, his wife. 

Elizabeth, bant. May 11. 1712: m. about 
1735, Ryck Suydam. Her name is entered on 
church records as a communicant in 1740, as 
follows: "Elizabeth Borckloo, wife of Reik 
Zedam." She had the following children bap- 
tized: Elizabeth. Dec. 20, 1736; Ryke. Sept. 
10, 1738, and Jannetje. May 24. 1741. 

Wilm (William) bapt. Jan. 16, 1714 : m. 
Dec. 2. 1737, Aeltje, daughter of Aert (Arthur) 
Williamson* and Annetje Couwenhoven. his 
wife. Only two of their children were bap- 
tized: Jannetje Sept. 4, 1738. and Aert, Aug. 
10. 1740. Soon after this last date he removed 
to Upper Freehold and settled on a tract of 
land there, where he lived until his death 
sometime in 1766. After removing to Upper 
Freehold he seems to have lost all connection 
with the church of his forefathers. The dis- 



1'YrrlmM 






tance perhaps was the cause. His name ap- 
pears as a landowner in Upper Freehold town- 
ship in an assessment made in 1755. while his 
two brothers, Daniel and Cornelius, are named 
as freeholders the same year in Lower Freehold. 
Cornelius, bapt. Nov. 17, 1717 ; m. Nov. 10. 
1743, Jannetje, daughter of Stephen Aumack 
and Jannetje Janse, his wife. He purchased a 
large tract of land in the southern part of 
lip. It lay on both sides of 
between Freehold and Howell 
was partly bounded by Squan 
i lived and died, but I do not 
know where he was buried. A number of his 
descendants have owned and lived on part of 
these lands down to the present day. He and 
his descendants drifted away from the Dutch 
church, because of the distance, I suppose. 
The last recorded connection with the church 
in which his father had been a zealous mem- 
ber and prominent officer was the baptism of 
a daughter named Jannetje. June 27. 1756. He 
had three sons baptized before, viz ; Derk. 
April 16, 1745: Stephanus July 24. 1748. and 
Johannes March 24. 1751. His name appears 
as a grand juror at a court held at Freehold 
July 1781. He and his two sons. Stephen and 
John, were members of the league for protec- 
tion and retaliation formed by the patriotic 
citizens of Monmouth during the dark and 
terrible days of the Revolution. See page 373 
of Barber & Howe's Hist. Coll.. of N. J. His 
son Stephen, is said to have been one of the 
most active and resolute of the men who 
served under Col. Asher Holmes. He was in 
the battle of Germantown and distinguished 
himself by his coolness and courage. This 
story was re-published by the late Edwin 
Salter on page 24 of Old Times in Old Mon- 
mouth, and is entitled "Jersey Blue at the 
Battle of Germantown. Barkalow of Old Mon- 
mouth." Stephen Barkalow must have prized 
his gun highly for in his will on record in the 
Monmouth Surrogate's office it is the first 
article mentioned. He bequeaths this gun and 
accouterments to Stephen, son of his son 
David. 

Daniel, bapt. Jan. 1. 1720 : m. Oct. 17. 1744. 
Annetje, daughter of Johannes Luyster and 
Lucretia Brower.f his wife, who was baptized 
April 8. 1725. Daniel Barkalow had only one 
of his children baptized. This was Jannetje. 
Dec. 29, 1745. I e died June 28. 1795. aged 
7-f ys.. 6 mos., 12 d.. according to his tomb- 
stone in the old graveyard at East Freehold. 

Maria, bapt. Aug. 5. 1722 : m. about 1743, 
first Abraham Sutven, (Sutphen) ; had two 
children baptized: Antje, May 6. 1744, and 
Jacob, June 17, 1749. Married second. Anthon- 
ius Holzart (Hulshart) about 1754, and had 
one child Jacques, bapt. Oct. 30, 1756. 

Helena, bapt. Dec. 17, 1723 : m. Isaac Voor- 
hees. and had a child Derrick, bapt. June 22. 
1755, who removed to Ohio, and was grand- 
father of Hon. Daniel Voorhees of Indiana, the 
famous orator known as the "Tall sycamore of 
the Wabash." Another son. David, born Dec. 
I, 1757. removed to Somerset county. N. J. 

Janeka (Jannetje) bapt. Jan. 21, 1727 ; m. 
about 1755, Isaac Sutvan, and had one child. 
Lea. bapt. May 16. 1756. 



Wi 



.-West 



Si-t - 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Upper Freehold, and had several sons 
and daughters, but I am unable to give 
the names of all of them. 

Tobias Polhemus, a citizen of Upper 
Freehold, made his will November 26, 
1780. It was proved January 22. 1781. 
and recorded at Trenton, N. J. He men- 
tions his daughter Sarah as wife of 
"Ort" (Aert) Barkalow and a grandson 
named Tobias Barkalow. This Ort 
Barkalow 1 think, is the same person 
heretofore named as baptized August 
10, 17 In, as Ai-rt (Arthur). In Book P 
of Deeds, p. 62. etc., Monmouth records, 
is record of a deed dated April 17. 1767. 
from Arthur (Aert) Barkalow to Rich- 
ard (Derrick) Barkalow, his brother. 
Both are described as residents of Upper 
Freehold, and the lands conveyed are 
situate in that township, beginning at 
a stake 12 links from southwest corner 
of a plantation formerly belonging to 
Leffert Leffertson. deceased, and is 
bounded on one side by Doctor's creek. 
After a particular description by chains 
and links, tne following general boun- 
daries are given: 215 acres bounded 
southerly by lands of Richard James 
and Michael Mount; easterly by lands 
of Joseph Grover and Luke DeWitt, 
northerly by lands of Elisha Lawrence, 
and westerly by other lands of said 
Arthur Barkalow. 

In Book Q of Deeds, p. 28. is recorded 
a deed dated April 1. 1805, from Ann 
Tapscott, (late Ann Barkalow) and 
James Tapscott. her husband, James 
Baird and Joseph James, executors of 
Richard (Derrick) Barcalow, deceased, 
of Upper Freehold, to Thomas Potts of 
same township. For a consideration of 
$13,129.80, a tract in that township is 
conveyed, and described as being a part 
of a larger tract conveyed to William 
Barcalow, deceased, by deed dated April 
3d, 1761. from the heirs of Leffert 
Leffertson.* deceased. It is therein 
stated that William Barcalow had died 
intestate, and the lands described in 
this deed to Potts, descended to his son 
Arthur as an heir-at-law. That Arthur 
Barcalow had paid certain sums to his 
brothers and sisters, and also by deed 
dated April 17. 1767, (deed aforesaid in 
Book P. p. 62. etc.). quit claimed to his 
brother Richard (Derrick) the tract 
now conveyed to Potts. The said 
Richard Barcalow by his will dated 
March 14, 1803. directed his executors 
to sell this tract containing 218.83 acres. 

Ann Tapscott. the widow of said 
Richard but now wife of James Tap- 
scott joins in the deed with executors to 
relinquish her thirds or dower right. 
In Book M of Deeds, p. 283. etc.. Mon- 
mouth records, is a deed showing that 



grantoi was tie n residing on this prop- 
erty. The Jacob Couwenhoven named 
in the deed was well known throughout 
Monmouth county as "Farmer Jacob." 
His will was proved Nov. 15, 1825, and 
recorded at Freehold in Book B of 
Wills, p. 466, etc. He devised his prop- 
erty equally to his two sons. Hendrick 
and Garret, who were his only children. 
He and his wife, Mary Schanck, are 
buried in Schanck-Couwenhoven ceme- 
tery. Pleasant Valley. Garret, his 
younger son. married Alice, daughter of 
Tobias HendricksonS and Rebecca 
Coward his wife, and removed to Upper 
Freehold township. He perhaps resided 
on this farm which Arthur Barcalow 
sold to his father. 

Garret Couwenhoven's wi'l was prov- 
ed January 14, 1832. and recorded at 
Freehold in Book C of Wills, p. 247. 
His sons-in law, James Ivins and 
Thomas Meirs are named as executors. 
He and his wife are interred in yard of 
"Old Yellow Meeting House" known in 
early days as "the Crosswicks Baptist 
Church." His headstone gives date 
of his death as Dec. 21. 1831. aged 56 
yrs., 7 rr.., 1 d. Alice Hendrickson his 
wife, is buried by him. She died Au- 
gust 20, 1855, aged 80 yrs., 5 m., 7 d. 
Their son Jacob, who died when 28 
years old. and their daughter Cath- 
arine, wife of William Meirs who died 
when 20, are interred near them. 

the name in U T pper Freehold, purchased 
those lands which descended to his 
children from Joseph Aplin. William 
Miller, and the heirs at law of Leffert 
Lefferson. The above is all the know- 
ledge I have of the "Barcalows" who 
have lived in that part of Monmouth 



"In Book E of Deeds, p. 334. etc.. Monmouth 
clerk's office, is a record of a deed from John 
Lawrence and Rachel his wife, of Freehold 
township, to "Aert (Arthur) Williamson of 
Flatlands in Kings county, on the island of 
Nassau," dated January 3, 1718, for 370 acres 
in Freehold township, and described as the 
most part of a tract called "Cooper's Neck." 
and beginning at a corner of land formerly 
Governor Laurie's, and bounded S. W. partly 
by lands of Nicholas Lake and partly by lands 
formerly Isaac Bryans ; S. E. by the "brook 
that parts it from Colts Neck :" E. by lands 
of Peter Nevins (Neviusl. and N. E. by unsur- 
veyed lands. "Deficit Barkeloo," William Law- 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



rence. Jr., and Ruleph Schenck are witnesses. 
William Lawrence, Jr., seems to have done 
considerable conveyancing for the people at 
that time and later. His spelling of Dutch 
names in deeds and wills, etc., had much to 



v-'Ulde 






do with making sev 
His spelling went oi 
in the course of tim 
cedent for later 

Aert Williamson and Annetje his wife be- 
came communicants in the Dutch church of 
Monmouth in 1717. 

tThe following inscriptions were taken by 
Mrs. Lydia H. S. Conover in June, 1899, from 
headstones in the family burying ground of 
the Luysters at Holland, in Holmdel township: 

Johannis Luyster, [son of Cornelius Luyster 
and Sarah Catharine Nevius. his wife] d. Jan. 
29, 1756, aged 64 y, 10 m. 7 d. 

Lucretia Brower [wife of above and daugh- 
ter of John Browerjd. Apr. 12, 1771. aged 83 
y, 4 m. Johannis Luyster was born at Flat- 
bush, L. I.. March 22. 1691 ; m. Lucretia 
Brower April 10. 1716. His grandfather. 
Peter Cornelius Luyster, imigrated from Hol- 
land in 1656 and settled at Flatbush, L. I. 

Sarah Luyster [daughter of above and wife 
of Ryck Suydam] d. Sept. 7, 1764. aged 47 

Johannis Luyster. Jr.. [son of Johannis Luy- 
ster and Lucretia Brower above] d. Sept. 7, 
1766. aged 43 y. 3 m. 13 d. 

Lucretia Luyster [daughter of Johannis 
Luyster and Lucretia Brower ] d. Mar. 26, 
1792. aged 65 y, 6 m. 26 d. 

Cornelius Luyster [son of Johannis and 
Lucretia Luyster aforesaidl d. Oct. 7, 1792, 
aged 71 y, 9 m, 24 d. 

Arinthia Couwenhoven [daughter of William 
Couwenhoven and Arinthia Bennett, his wife 
and first wife of Cornelius Luyster aforesaid I 
d. Apr. 16. 1769. aged 46 y. 1 m. 2 d. 

Margaret VanDerbelt [daughter of Aris 
Janse Vanderbilt and Jannetje Cornelise Cou- 
wenhoven and second wife of Cornelius Luy- 
ster aforesaid], d. Nov. 24. 1816. aged 85 y. 



Sarah Vandert 



d. May 19. 181 






y. 3 



16 



Peter Luyster [son of Johannis Luyster and 
Lucretia Brower, aforesaid] d. Feb. 12. 1810. 
aged 90 y, 9 m. 7 d. 

Anne Luyster. [wife of Peter Luyster afore- 
said] d. Nov. 23, 1799. aged 73 y. 10 m. 15 d. 

Lucretia. | daughter of Peter and Anne Luys- 
ter aforesaid] d. Dec. 29, 1838. aged 78 y. 

4 m. 16 d. 

John P. Luyster d. Sept. 11, 1848, aged 84 y. 
9 m„ 12 d. 

Anne Couwenhoven h. Sept. 18, 1764, daugh- 
ter of Matthias and Williampe Couwenhoven], 
wife of John P. Luyster, d. Nov. 6, 1853. aged 
88 y.. 1 m. 18 d. 

Anne Luyster d. Nov. 1, 1862. aged 69 y.. 
3 m. 20 d. 

Willemiw Luyster b. Aug. 7. 1791, [daugh- 
ter of John P. Luyster and Anne Couwen- 
hoven his wife], d. Dec. 12, 1875, aged 84 y.. 

5 m. 3 d. 

Jane Luyster d. Sept. 12, 1862, aged 60 y., 
5 m. 28 d. 

Sarah Luyster, b. July 12. 1795. I daughter 
of John P. Luyster and Anne Couwenhoven. 
his wife], m. May 8. 1816, William D. Hen- 
drickson ; d. Oct. 15. 1821. aged 26 y.. 3 m. 3 d. 



William D. Hendrickson [son of Daniel Hen- 
drickson and Elizabeth Stephenson, his wife I 
d. Jan. 14, 1823. aged 30 y, 2 m, 15 d. 

Peter Luyster, b. June 18. 1806. [son of 
John P. Luyster and Annie Couwenhoven. his 
wife] d. Dec. 1. 1875, aged 68 y, 8 m. 

Miranda Suydam [wife of said Peter Luy- 
ster] d. Oct. 24, 1855, aged 47 y, 6 m. 24 d. 

Sarah Luyster [daughter of Peter Luyster 
and .Miranda Suydam, his wife] d. May 22, 
1S50. aged 19 y. 6 m, 21 d. 

John P. Luyster [son of Peter Luyster and 
Miranda Suydam, his wife I d. Mar. 26. 1858. 
aged 17 y, 10 m, 

John C. Luyster [son of Cornelius Luyster] 
d. Oct. 28, 1847. aged 75 y. 11 m. 21 d. 

Catharine [wife of John C. Luyster afore- 
18, 1864. aged 77 y. 11 m, 26 d. 
~" ">. 2. 1800. aged 36 y. 2 






d. Apr. 28. 1826. aged 



Snyder, d. March 9. 1816. aged 39 y. 
Snyder, d. Sept. 13, 1815. aged 36 y. 



d. Oct. 7, 1835. aged 



Vpril 6. 



aged 7S 



aged 



Jacob H. Aun 
y, 9 m, 2 d. 

Francinkey. wife of Jacob H. 
Feb. 21. 1832, aged 39 y. 11 m. ; 

Eleanor Stephenson d. Feb. 24 

JLeffert Leffertson was a son of Auke Lef- 
ferts and Mary TenEyck. his wife. Baptized 
October 14, 1711, married Jannetje. daimhter 
of Aert Williamson, and died on his farm in 
Upper Freehold township, August 4. 1755. His 
daughter Mary married Tobias, son of Johan- 
nes Polhemus and Annetje TenEyck, his wife. 
His son, Auckey Leffertson, married Sarah, 
daughter of Garret Garretse Schenck and Jan- 
netje Covenhoven, his wife. This last couple 
are buried in yard of Brick church. Marlboro. 

Tobias Polhemus of Upper Freehold, made 
0, proved January 



rded 






John. Nathaniel and Joseph ; grandson John, 
son of his son Daniel ; son Leffert or Lefferts : 
daughter Sarah, wife of Ort Barkalow ; Tobias 
Barkalow. grandson : daughters Hannah. Cath- 

and Arthur. 

STobias Hendrickson was a son of Guisbert 
(Gilbert! Hendrickson and Elizabeth Polhemus 
his wife, of Upper Freehold township. Eliza- 
beth Polhemus was baptized August 13. 1710, 
and was a daughter of Johannes Polhemus and 
Annetje TenEyck. his wife. Tobias had been 
named for his maternal grandfather. Tobias 
TenEyck of Brooklyn. L. I. 

Tobias I endrickson and Rebeka Coward, his 
wife, lived and died on a farm in Upper 
Freehold, and are buried in yard of "Old Yel- 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



the "Crosswicks Baptist church." It was or- 
ganized in 1766 by certificate from the Baptist 
congregation of Middletown. 

Joseph Holmes. Jonathan Holmes and 39 
other members of Middletown Baptist church 
residing in and about Crosswicks, desire to 
organize a church there and are authorized to 
constitute a church and are dismissed from 
this congregation of which they are members 
in full communion. Signed at Middletown. 
April 5, 1766. Part for whole: 

JAMES PEW. 

JOHN CHASEY. 

GEORGE TAYLOR. 

RICHARD CRAWFORD. 

ABEL MORGAN. 

JAMES MOTT, 

GAREET WALL. 

OBADIAH HOLMES. 

THOMAS GROVER. 

EDWARD TAYLOR. 



Inscriptions on tombstone of Tobias Hen- 
drickson gives date of death May 25. 1811. 
aged 7(1 yrs. 11 mos, 2 d. His wife died June 
6. 1815, aged 72 yrs, 7 mos. 10 d. Two of 
their sons are also buried here, viz: Samuel 
and Gilbert. 

Samuel Hendrickson died March 13. 1813. 
aged 14 yrs. 1 m. 3 d. His wife. Alckey, died 
March 2. 1828. aged 58 yrs, 1 m, 17 d. 

Gilbert Hendrickson died February 21, 1837, 
aged 72 yrs. 6 mos, 13 d. His wife Allis 
(Alice I died January 23. 1852. aged 84 yrs. 2 m. 

Gilbert, a son of the last couple, married 
Alchey (Aeltje) Conover, a sister of the well 
known Samuel Conover. twice sheriff of Mon- 
mouth county. He owned and died on the 
farm near Sutphen's Corner in Freehold town- 
upied by his youngest 
leading 



Gilbert I b i.d t u\ , 



far 



of Freehold township. 



RECORDS OF DANIEL AND CORNELIUS BARKALOW, 
SONS OF DERRICK. 



Daniel and Cornelii 
Freehold township, 
recorded in secretat 
Trenton. In Book 



!. lived and died in 
Daniel left a will 
' of state's office at 
? of deeds, p. 640. 



etc., is record of a deed dated April 10, 
1806, from Nicholas Barcalow, and Jane 
his wife, and Daniel Barcalow, both of 
Freehold township. to Catharine Throck- 
idow. of Middletown Point. 

Matawan). c 

n Freehold to\ 



Dnveying 4 62-100 
,'nship. It is noted 

the grantors get 
nder will of their 
low. dated Febru- 

as heirs-at law of 



in this eonveyai 
title to this lam 
father. Daniel B; 
ary 11, 1791. and : 
their brother, Derrick Barcalow. de- 
ceased. 

It therefore appears from this deed 
that Daniel Barcalow and Annetje Luy- 
ster his wife, had three sons. Derrick, 
Nicholas and Daniel. 

Derrick is buried by his father in 
the old cemetery near East Freehold. 
His tombstone states that he died July 
28, 1801, aged 23. y. 10 m. 17d. 

Nicholas Barcalow was married Jan- 
uary 14, 1806, to Jane Williamson by 
Zenas Conger, an elder of the Independ- 
ent .Methodist church, according to 
entry in Book A of marriages in Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office. I do not 
find any mention of his name after the 
year 1806. and therefore presume that 
he had removed from this county. 

Daniel the remaining son. married 
Eleanor, daughter of Squire John Hol- 



sart and Mary Polhemus his wife, and 
removed to Western New York or Ohio, 
and there settled. I do not know of 
any descendants of these three sons 
now living in this county. 

Cornelius, the third son of Derrick 
Barkalow, the first settler of this name, 
had three sons, Derrick, Stephen and 
John, who were baptized in the Dutch 
church as already mentioned. All the 
Barkalows now (1900). residing in 
Freehold. Atlantic and Howell town- 
ships are descendants of either Derrick 
or Stephen. I cannot learn anything of 
the youngest brother, John. 

Derrick lived and died on lands which 
came to him from his father, in the 
southern part of Freehold township. 
He was a weaver by trade and seems to 
have carried on that business. After his 
death one of his sons, John D.. common- 
ly known as "Preacher Barkalow," 
carried it on until about 1835 or 1840. 
His book of accounts is still in exist- 
ence, and it may interest some people 
to learn what were the usual charges 
for weaving. I have copied two entries 
from his book as follows: 

1825 March SI. Derrick Barkalow. Sr.. 

To John D. Barkalow, Dr 

To weaving 10^ yds. cotton and wool at 

10 cents yer yd, $1.00 

1829 Nov. 15. I.enry Barkalow 

To John D. Barkalow. Dr 

To weaving 15^ yds. all wool at 1 shil- 



EARL) DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



charges that John D. Barkalow car- 
ried on several trades or occupations. 
There are charges for making- and 
mending boots and shoes, cutting and 
making- clothing for men, selling dry 
goods and groceries, meats, grain and 
vegetables besides doing day's work in 
hay and harvest, making cider, chop- 
ping cord wood and other work. John 
D. Barkalow seems to have been what 
they call a "jack of all trades." 

A great many of the Barkalows seem 
to have dealt with him, and the follow- 
ing names appear on his account books: 
1816-17, John Barkalow, Sr„ Cornelius 
D. Barkalow and Derrick C. Barkalow- 
1818-19, Cornelius S. Barkalow, Peter 
Barkalow. John Barkalow, Sr., John J. 
Barkalow, Daniel Barkalow and Mat- 
thias Barkalow. Between 1820 and 
1830, Cornelius D. Barkalow, Stephen 
Barkalow, John S. Barkalow, Henry 
Barkalow, Matthias Barkalow, and 
Derrick Barkalow, Sr. 

John D. Barkalow seems to have liv- 
ed and carried on these various occupa- 
tions in the dwelling house where his 
son-in-law, William B.Hulse now (1900) 
lives in Freehold township. 

The account book from which above 
items and names were taken began Au- 
gust 14, 1816. and on the first page of 
this book, in the handwriting of John 
D. Barkalow, is the following- motto: 

"Deal justly with all, speak evil of 
none." 

Derrick, eldest son of Cornelius Bar- 
kalow and Jane Aumack his wife, was 
baptized in the Dutch church April 7, 
1745; married March 28, 1775. Sarah 
daughter of Matthias Couwenhoven* 
and Williampe Couwenhoven his wife, 
of Middletown township. She was born 

"Matthias (sometimes called Martin or Mar- 
tenus) Couwenhoven, was youngest child of 
Jacob Couwenhoven and Sarah Schanck, his 
wife. He is buried by his parents in Couwen- 
hoven burying ground, situate on that part of 
Golden farm which lays on south side of the 
old highway from Mi.ldletown village to Og- 
bourn's corner, called in early times "Plain 
Dealing" road. The following inscriptions 



Jacob Couwenhoven (son of William Gar- 
retse Couwenhoven and Jane Montfort his 
wife), d. June 4. 1744, aged 65 y, 4 m, 6 d. 

Sarah, (wife of above and daughter of Roe- 
lof Martense Schanck and Annetje Pieterse 
Wyckoff. his wife) died November 1, 1727. 
aged 41 y, 9 m, 3 d. 

Matthias Couwenhoven, (son of above) died 
October 22, 1765. aged 40 yrs. 7 m, 18 d. 
Williampe, his wife, does not appear to be 
buried here. She was then about ::s years ..1.1. 



April 12, 1751, and was the firstborn 
child of Matthias Couwenhoven and 
Williampe his wife. Williampe was 
daug-hter and only surviving child of 
William Cornelise c.uwenhoven by his 
first wife Jannetje Wyckoff. a daughter 
of Peter Wyckoff and Willemptje 
Schenck his wife, who are named among 
the organizing members of the Mon- 
mouth Dutch church .in 1709. Jannetje 
Wyckoff died June 22. 1743. and is bur- 
ied by her father in Schanck-Couwen- 
hoven cemetery. Her husband mar- 
ried March 17. 1744, for his second wife 
Antje, daughter of Ex-Sheriff Daniel 
Hendrickson, and then the widow of 
his cousin William Jacobse Couwen- 
hoven. and had two children by her, 
viz: Cornelius, baptized April 7, 1746. 
and Catherine, baptized April 16, 1749. 
Derrick Barkalow and Sarah Couwen- 
hoven his wife lived on the farm in the 
southern part of Freehold township, 
which came to him from his father. He 
devised part of these lands to his son. 
John D„ who lived and died there. One 
of his daughters, Alice, married Wil- 
liam B. Hulse, September 27. 1852, and 
she and her husband now (1900) reside 
on and own this farm. Mrs. William 
B. Hulse has in her possession an old 
Dutch book printed at Amsterdam, Hol- 



wenhmen and daughter of Jacob Jacobse C.ni- 
wenhoven and Margaret Couwenhoven, his 
wife I. died May 4. 1780. aged 33 yrs. 8 m, 23 d. 

Eleanor, (sscond wife of above Jacob and 
daughter of John Smock and Elizabeth Janse 
Couwenhoven. his wife), died April 26. 17RS, 
aged 31 yrs. 5 m, 28 d. 

Jacob Janse Couwenhoven owned and ran 
VanDorn mills near Holmdel village, and mar- 
ried for his third wife Eleanor or Nelly 



.scher, 



If he 



ast wife 



iterred here 






'.., ,'la 



Janse Cou- 



Couwenhoven, (first wife of Matthias 
lover, and daughter of Cornelius Roe- 
ne Teunise Denise. 
12. 1820, aged 40 
yrs. 9 m, 6 d. 

Matthias W. Conover and his second wife, 
Anne Schenck, are buried in yard of Dutch 
church at Middletown village. 

Sarah Tice. wife of John Tice. died October 
28, 1771, aged 58 yrs. 

Catharine Tice, wife of John Tice, died Nov- 
ember 24. 1785, aged 37 yrs, 2 m, 13 d. 

Sarah, relict of John Nivison. died Novem- 
ber 2, 1837. aged 80 yrs. 

Jacob Couwenhoven, (son of Jacob Jacobse 
Couwenhoven and Margaret Couwenhoven, his 
wife), died January 31, 1774. aged 31 yrs, 3 
m. 17 d. 

Sarah Sedam (wife of above), died March 
31, 1806, aged 57 yrs, 4 m, 28 d. 

William Couwenhoven, (son of above) died 
March 29. 1778, aged 3 yrs, 8 m, 2 d. 

A number of persons "have been buried here 
without any monument to mark their graves. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOl TIT 



land, in 1710, which once belonged to 
Sarah Couwenhoven, the wife of Der- 
rick Barkalow. It contains the New 
Testament, Psalms of David set to 
music, and the Heidleberg catechism. 
Il is finely bound in morocco, and at 

.clasps and a ring. This silver, however 
has been removed by some vandal who 
thought the old silver worth more than 
the book. The name "Jannatie Wyck- 
off" is written on the front page, Show- 
ing that it once belonged to' her and 
was perhaps a wedding present from her 
parents, when she married William 
Couwenhoven. The following family 
records appear in this book: 

Jannatie Wyckoff is born January 20. 1702. 
William Kouenhoven is tte-boren in het Jaer 
1600. July 20. 

He has inadvertently written 1600 
for 1700, as the new century had just 
begun, and he had not become accus- 
tomed to 1700. 



Cornelius Kouenhoven born November 
1723. 

Williamtee Kouenhoven born July 24, 17 



Williamptje Schenck, but they have 
been "stuck" on the spelling of this 
name as you or ] might easily be. 

The Dutch Testament must have been 
given to Williampe, the only surviving 
child, when she was old enough to ap- 
preciate her mother's Bible. She was 
about 17 years old when her father 
married his second wife. Her marriage 
license in secretary of state's office is 
dated July 27, 1749, as follows: Mat- 
thias Couwenhoven to Williamtee Cou- 
wenhoven." After her marriage she 
has taken this book to her new home on 
the Middletown hills. She has made 
only one entry in it, that of the birth 
of her first born child as follows: 



751. my daught* 






Thi 



cond v 


nfe. 


Williamtee was doubtles 


named 


for 


her maternal grandmothi 



is the daughter who married 
Derrick Barkalow, and she has taken 
the book to her new home on the edge 
of our Southern pines, where it has 
remained to this day. 

Sarah Couwenhoven. wife of Derrick 
Barkalow, must have been a woman of 
strong religious convictions, for she 
seems to have impressed two of her 
sons. Matthias and John D. with sin- 
cere and hearty belief in the Scrip- 
tures, and zealous devotion to Chris- 
tianity. Both of these sons made many 
sacrifices and labored all their lives 
to teach and promulgate the gospel. 
Through her the Couwenhoven name of 
.Matthias has been brought into the 
Barkalow family. 



CHILDREN OF DERRICK BARKALOW AND THEIR 
DESCENDANTS. 



Derrick Barkalow lived and died on 
the lands in Freehold township which 
came to him from his father Cornelius. 
Only two of his sons were baptized in 
the Dutch church, viz: Cornelius, his 
eldest son, June 2, 1781, and Matthias, 
June 24, 1787. Lajcretia was his first- 
born child. She married first, one 
Stephen Wills, July 25, 1790. Was mar- 
ried to Thomas Stricklin, her second 
husband, February 28, 1799. by Rev. 
Benjamin DuBois. He states in church 
record of this marriage that she was 
the widow of one. Wills. 

Besides above three children he had 
two other sons, John D. and Peter. They 
are all named in order of their ages in 
his will dated May 12. 1827. proved 
May 15. 1828. and recorded at Freehold 



in Book C of Wills, p. 66, etc. He 
provides first for his wife Sarah. Gives 
to his daughter LucretiaStrickland, for 
life, that part of his land lying south of 
the line of John Barkalow. Sr.. bounded 
on east by lands of Stephen Barkalow, 
deceased, on south bv a ditch and on 
west by Wadell's line. At her death 
these lands were to be equally divided 
among her children in fee. 

He next devises to his eldest son 
Cornelius, another piece of his lands for 
life with fee to his children equally, 
except Derrick C. who is to ha.ve "one- 
half of an acre at northwest corner 
of Readle's woodland, and nothing else." 

This son was known as Cornelius D.. 
to distinguish him from Cornelius S.. 
son of Stephen. Cornelius J., who was 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MO.XMOTTH. 



probably a son of John Barkalow, Sr.. 
and Cornelius C, then a boy of about 
sixteen years, and a son of Cornelius S. 

Next follow devises of other portions 
of his real estate to his sons Matthias, 
John D. and Peter. They are each 
given a life interest with fee to their 
resoective children, share and share 
alike. Thomas Strickland, his son-in- 
law, and his four sons are appointed 
executors. James VanNote, Cornelius 
J. Barkalow and Thomas Coward are 
the subscribing witnesses. 

Cornelius D., the eldest son, married 
October 6, 1800. Mary Harbert or Her- 
bert, and lived and died on the lands 
left to him by his father. He is 
said to have been buried in the old Bap- 
tist cemetery* on the outskirts of Free- 

4 The Baptist cemetery was the site of the 
first "meeting house" or church erected by the 
Baptists in Freehold township. 

The Burlington Path as called by the first 
settlers, and later the Mount Holly road, fol- 
lowed the old Indian path from South Jersey. 
It passed through Freehold on same course as 
Main street does now from Dutch Lane road 
until you reach the corner opposite the Pres- 
byterian stone church or about where the 
house erected by Alfred Walters stands. Here 
the old highway curved easterly and passed 
between the "old Quay house" now occupied 
by William M. Moreau and this cemetery. Just 
beyond this old house the road curved back to 
present lines of the Smithburg turnpike and 
ran as present road to West Freehold. About 
here too, where the road curved westerly, and 
quite near the house the road forked ; the 
easterly branch running off to "Richmonds 
Mills." or what is now the village of Blue 
Ball. The "Quay house." so called, was erect- 
ed prior to the Revolution, and at the battle of 
Mmimouth was occupied by a number of 
British officers. 

The peculiar appearance of the house arises 
from the fact that when erected it faced 
squarely the old Burlington path, and what is 
now the rear was then the front. The Baptist 
church faced the Blue Ball road. The congre- 
gation was composed principally of farmers, 
who came from the country for five or six 
miles around. 

As soon as the church was built the people 
began to bury their dead in the adjacent yard. 
This church was finally torn down or removed, 
and a new edifice erected on the lot where the 
present church stands in the town of Freehold. 
While .walking with a friend through this 
cemetery one Sunday in summer, and examin- 
ing the inscriptions, I thought of those Sun- 
days when the people from "far and near" 
gathered here for worship, and the following 
verses occurred to me as very descriptive of 
the great change : 

"Thou hast been torn down, old church! 
Thou hast forever passed away. 

And all around this lonely yard 
The mossy tombstones lay. 

The worshippers are scattered now 
Who knelt before thy shrine. 

And silence reigns where anthems rose 
In days of Auld Lang Syne.' 



hold town, but no monument marks his 
grave. He left three sons as follows: 
First. Derrick C. who married April 
12, 1825, Deborah Francis, and lived and 
died on the homestead in Freehold 
township, leaving three sons and one 
daughter. James Barkalow, the pre- 
sent active and obliging janitor of the 
Monmouth court house is one of his 
sons: Hugh and Conover Barkalow are 
the other two. 

Second. Matthias C. who was mar- 
ried November 5. 1835, to Elizabeth or 
Bessie Emmons by John D. Barkalow. 
an elder of the Independent Methodist 
church. He left two sons and three 
daughters surviving him, viz: Cornelius 
M„ who was also married by Elder 
John D. Barkalow, February 5, -860. 
to Deborah Chambers, and carried on 
his trade as carpenter in the town of 
Freehold until his death. He served as 
a soldier in the civil war, and was an 
obliging neighbor and a good citizen. 
Garret, the second son of Matthias C, 
married Rebecca Miller, and is stii'l 
residing in Freehold township. His 
three daughters were: Mary Eliza, who 
married Matthias, a son of Elder John 
D. Barkalow; Kate, who married Wil- 
liam Jones and removed to Ohio; and 

Third. Henry, married Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of John Errickson, and had only one 
child born August 23. 1835, and named 
James J. He married Roxanna, a 
daughter of John Garrets of New 
Egypt, Ocean county, and has always 
resided in the town of Freehold. For 
many years he carried on the under- 
taking business in Freehold, and be- 
came well known throughout Mon- 
mouth county. He is still in this year 
1900, active, alert, and as fond of a 
practical joke or a little fun as ever, in 
spite of the sad and solemn occupation 
of his life. I am indebted to him for 
part of this family history. 

Matthias, the second son of Derrick 



"And sadly sighs the wandering win< 

Where oft in years gone by 
Prayer rose from many hearts to Hir 

The Highest of the High. 
The sun that shone upon their path. 

Now gilds their lonely graves ; 
The zephyrs which once fanned their 

The grass above them waves. 



"O! could we call t 

Who'd gathered here in va 
Who've careless roamed where 

Who'll never meet again. 
How would our very souls be 







(plZcx* (P^la^/c^^^ 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Bark; 



i Sarah Couwenhoven, his 
wife, was married September 18, 1808. 
to Elizabeth Jeffrey, by Zenas Conger, 
an elder of the Independent Methodist 
church. He resided on a farm in Wall 
township and raised his family there. 
When Quite young he became interested 
in the religious organization called the 
Independent Methodist church, and was 
appointed as elder. He was very active 
and zealous in preaching and trying to 
spread the tenets of this sect. Through 
his efforts and those of another elder 
named John Saplin Newman, a meeting- 
house or chapel was erected at what is 
now Glendola, and services held there 
every Sunday. He also was instru- 
mental in getting another small house 
of worship built near Our House Tavern 
in Howell township, and another just 
west of Colts Neck. He also compiled 
and had printed and bound at his own 
expense a hymn book 'of 272 pages, con- 
composed by him. The copy which I 
saw was well but plainly bound in 
leather and fairly printed on good 
paper. This book must have cost Mat- 
thias Barkalow much labor, time and 
money. The last two hymns in this 
book are of his own composition and 
acrostics, giving his own name and that 
of his wife. The following is a true 
copy of the one which spells his name 



HYMN NO. 296. C. M. 
ACROSTIC. 



My Saviour, my Almighty fr 

Attend my humble cries : 
Thy succor and salvation senc 



Hear all my cries for Zion's peace, 

In power thy word attend, 
A blessing send to all that pray 

Salvation to the end. 

Break ev'ry bar through which I groan. 

And full deliverance send; 
Ransom'd from all malignant foes. 

Kept safe unto the end. 

And may my pilgrimage below. 

Like conquering Zion end. 
O'er-coming all. through faith, may I. 

With all the holy stand. 

Whether this hymn was given out to 
any congregation to sing, I am unable 
to say. 

John D. Barkalow, the third son of 
Derrick and Sarah Couwenhoven, his 
wife, was born October 5, 1789, married 
March 2, 1811. Elizabeth, a daughter <.r 



Gilbert Hendricksonf and Allis (Alice) 
Wyckoff, his wife, of Upper Freehold 
township. His wife was born October 
29, 1793. and died January 11. 184 8. He 
died December 31, 1876. They are both 
buried in the Baptist cemetery. Close 
to his grave is a cedar tree, so near that 
the branches extend over his grave. It 
is the only cedar in this burying ground. 
I thought it an appropriate and em- 



ble 



itic 



lont 



of thi 



iff. 



low' 



should be allowed to remain as a 
memorial of "Preacher Barka- 
he was called, who spent his 
life and means in trying to do good iv 
his unpretentious and homely way to 
the people residing through our South- 
'iii pines. He had no artificial educa- 
tion or training so as to wind adroitly 
through the difficulties of life, pleasing- 
all and offending no one. He had no 



to 



No .-id-. 



such 



t Gilbert Hendrickson whs a son of Tobias 
Hendrickson and Rebecca Coward his wife, of 
Upper Freehold township. He is named in 
Tobias - will recorded in Book A of Wills, page 
430, at Freehold. Gilbert I endriekson lived 
and died on his farm in Upper Freehold and is 
buried in yard of old Yellow Meeting house, 
as heretofore mentioned. His will was proved 
March 4. 1837, and recorded in Book D of 
Wills, p. 60, etc. William Barcalow. Wesley 
Wilbur and Daniel Barcalow are the witnesses. 
He mentions his wife "Allis" (Alice) and ten 
children, among whom are Elizabeth, wife of 
John D. Barkalow, and Gilbert. 

His son Gilbert married December 26. 1821. 
Alchey (Alice) a daughter of Richard Conover 
and a sister of the well known Samuel Con- 
over, twice sheriff of Monmouth county. He 
bought and resided on a farm near Sutphen's 
Corner in Freehold township, now owned and 
occupied by his youngest son. Gilbert Hen- 
drickson. He had three other sons, viz: Rulif 
S., James Conover and Richard Conover, who 
are now deceased. His daughter Alice was the 
first wife of Tunis Denise. one of our leading 
and well known farmers of Freehold township. 
Gilbert Hendrickson died on the farm where 
his son Gilbert now, (1900). lives. January 31. 
1847. aged 48 yrs.. 10 mos., 28 d.. and is 
buried in old Baptist cemetery. His wife 
rests by him. She died October 27, 1880. aged 
78 yrs. 4 mos, 28 d. She was the second child 
of Richard Conover, who owned and lived on 
the farm adjacent to the farm on which her 
son Gilbert now lives. James Conover was the 
eldest. Aaron, his third child, married Fran- 
cyntje Conover. Eliza, the fourth, married 
Joseph Hornor. who carried on the wheel- 
wright business at West Freehold many years 
ago. Samuel, the fifth, was the popular 
"Sheriff Sam" of Monmouth county who hung 
Donnelly. William R„ the sixth child, lived 
and died on the homestead now owned and 
occupied by his two sons, Miliard and Frank. 
Richard, the youngest, married a Miss Van- 
Note, and lived and died on his farm at Burnt 
Tavern (now Ely). 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MOXMOCTH. 



its. chiii 1 



ml ln-ai. 



iful 



tecture to impress the popular mind. 
He officiated at funerals, married people 
and preached, without salary or reward 
save such gifts as gratitude might 
evoke. He talked to the people in a 
plain, unlettered way, as men talked in 
everyday business. He could tell no 
pathetic or amusing anecdotes or play 
the actor in the pulpit, so as to draw a 
crowd. He simply told the plain truth 
as he read it in his Bible, and would 
"add no more." 

He frequently held what were called 
"wood meetings," where his words and 

natural as the forest around him. On 
Sundays even when very old he would 
often walk six or ten miles to preach at 
some out of the way place in the pines. 
The people to this day remember and 
often talk about "Preacher Barkalow," 
for so he was generally called. 

He was Overseer of the Poor in Free- 
hold township from 1830 to 1840. He 
was then elected justice of the peace 
for this township. His commission as 
justice is dated October 30, 1843. and 
signed by Governor Daniel Haines. 

His dockets are in existence and show- 
that he had not over six or seven con- 
tested cases during his five years' term. 
Nearly all the cases are marked settled, 
and his total fees in each case was 
about 75 cents. Also as elder of the 
Independent Methodist church he kept 
a careful record of all marriages, fu- 
nerals and baptisms, beginning in 1812 
and ending in 1873, when he was over 
fourscore years of age. His books show 
286 funerals attended, and 191 couples 
married. The last entry is very feeble 
and tremulous. Only part of these mar- 
riages are recorded in the clerk's office, 
for in many cases no money was left to 
pay the clerk's fee for recording. The 
only record, therefore, of many mar- 
riages is that in his book, now in. pos- 
session of his son-in-law, William B. 
Hulse. 

One of his sons named Wicoff, 
(Wyckoff, the surname of his wife's 
mother) married Elizabeth, a daughter 
of James Vannote, and died when a 
young man, leaving one child also nam- 
ed Wicoff. who was born April 17, 1839. 
He is the well known overseer of the 
poor of Freehold township. As will be 
seen from this genealogy he is of un- 
mixed Dutch blood on both sides clear 
back to the first settler from Holland 
on Long Island. In his personal ap- 
pearance he shows all the physical 
characteristics of the Hollander. He 
stands six feet in his stockings, and 



weighs over 200 pounds. Like his 
grandfather, the preacher, he has given 
careful attention to the poor of this 
township who have come under his 
charge, doing for them in many instan- 
ces what a father would do for a child. 
This consideration, kindness and atten- 
tion which he has shown to these un- 
fortunates have given him the reputa- 
tion of being one of the best overseers 
that Freehold ever had. 

The fourth and youngest son of Der- 
rick Barkalow and Sarah Couwenhoven 
was Peter. He married August 30. 1818. 
Abigail Longstreet. and lived and died 
in township of Freehold. 

Matthias and John D. Barkalow were 
both elders of the Independent Meth- 
odist church. I am not familiar with 
the purpose or history of this sect. In 
the preface to his hymn book Matthias 
Barkalow laments "immoderate attach- 
ment to particular opinions or modes of 
worship or ceremonies, instead of doing 
justice, loving mercy, and speaking the 
plain truth." "That harmony among 
professing christians can only come 
from having in their hearts a sincere 
love for God. This will make them 
resemble God in trying to do good to 
their fellow men." In closing, he says. 
"The day is fast approaching when 
Jesus will make all the different de- 
nominations one." "Then the children 
of God will be a mighty host against 
the workers of darkness." 

Several letters are in existence from 
Eldc- Samuel Stanton of Mt. Pleasant. 
Wayne county. Pa., Elder Samuel 
Croaker and others to Matthias Bar- 
kalow, giving an account of general 
meetings in Pennsylvania. Genesee 
county. N. Y„ and elsewhere. 

The following circular was found 
among Elder Barkalow's papers. In it 
they speak for themselves, and as it 
was part of the history of those days 
now forgotten, I think it should be 
published just as spelled and punct- 
uated: 

CIRCULAR LETTER. 
Dearly Beloved Brethern: 

We, the members of the Methodist 
Independent or Free Brethern Church. 
as instituted in the state of New Jersey, 
being assembled in general meeting or 



irly 



agr 



ible 



ious appointment. Do feel it our duty 
to lay something before you to in- 
courage you to stand fast in the glor- 
ious Gospel Freedom, and not be en- 
tangled in any yoke of bondage either 

Son makes free is free indeed, and. 



EARLY DITCH SETTLERS OE MOA 'MOUTH. 



consequently, constitute a part of the 
Lord's heritage, who are baptized into 
one body and made to drink into one 
spirit. Shurely. dear Brethern. it is 
not the will of our God, who has begot 
us again to a lively hope in Christ 
Jesus thro' sanctification of his spirit 
and belief of the truth, that we should 
feel the iron arm of oppression from 
any who, though assuming to them- 
selves spurious titles through an over- 

seperate from the body of the people 
whom they represent; which power, 
"when vested in the hands of one or more 
individuals, is seldom relinquished for 
the benefit of community, which ever 
render those under such representa- 
tives in clanger of Ministerial oppression 
and drowns the idea that al men are 
brethern, or that God ou*. of one flesh 
and blood hath made all nations. Sure- 
ly, dear brethern, if this superiority, 
one over another, accompanied with 
men's traditions confounds the pure 
language of the GOSPEL OF CHRIST 
and keeps many of us who profess 
to be followers of the meek and lowly 
Jesus, at sword's point; — hence it is, we 

high time to forbear building babels 
of party to rend the seamless coat or 
Jesus? But raise a standard against 
such corruptions as split and divide 
those whom the Lord hath united — for 
our Saviour has prayed that we might 
all be one as He and the Father is one. 
Hence it is. dear brethern. that every- 
thing which millitates against love and 
a general union amongst christians, 
must consequently spring out of the 
eoruptions of the day in which we live: 
For scripture informs us that the mul- 
titude that believed were of one heart 
and one soul; hence it is that love to 
God and one another breathes the pure 
spirit of the Gospel and constrains the 
world to believe there is reality in the 
religion of Jesus. Hence it is. dear 
brethern, that we congratulate you on 
the glad news that light is now burst- 
ing forth in the different states, while 
many have taken a decided stand. 

On the part of Gospel freedom and 
scripture holiness, praying for a re- 
ciprocation in preaching the word of 
God and the adminstration of the holy 
sacrament — we also learn by a pamphlet 
lately published in N. York that a de- 

shortly appear which we can bid God 
speed out of love to souls and a desire 
for the universal spread of the Gospel 
of Christ in all the earth; hence we 
would praise God that they that are 



not against us are on our part and 
from the best information that we can 
gether our main object is one; namely: 
holiness of heart, a pure church and a 
consistant government. From this con- 
sideration we can see no just reason 
why the various branches of the church 
in these United States should not be 
brought together in one happv union, 
&c. 

And now. dear brethern. in order that 
such a union should be brought about 
the conference have appointed our 
brother elder, Jesse Oakley, a mission- 
ary in behalf of this branch of the 
church of God; whose common resid- 
dence is when not traveling, in Broom 
street, city of New York, who in con- 
junction with brother R. Cuddy of the 
same place, are hereby impowered to 
form a union with any branch of the 
church of God at any time previous to 
the session of our next yearly confer- 
ence meeting to be held, the Lord will- 
ing, on the 5th of October, 1821 — at 
Long Branch in the township of Shrews- 
bury county of Monmouth state of New 
Jersey, at which time and place we 
solicit all those branches of the church 
who are now in union with us or that 
may at any time hereafter form a' union 
with us or intimate a desire to form a 
union with us, to send delegates to rep- 
resent them in the aforesaid conference. 

N. B. our quarterly conference meet- 
ings will take place at the following 

First at Long Branch on Saturday 
before first sabbath in January. 1821. 

Second. At Colt's Neck on the Sat- 
urday before the first sabbath in April, 
1821. 

Third. At the Free Communion Chapel 
in Howell on Saturday before the first 
sabbath in July. 1821. 

Temporary Quarterly meeting to be 
held when and where it may be most 
expedient to fill up the vacancies. &c. 

Signed in behalf of the conference 
this 10th day of October in the year of 
our Lord 1820. 

JESSE OAKLEY, Pres't. 

MATTHIAS BARKALOW, Sec'y. 

The second son of Cornelius Barka- 
low and Jannetje Aumack, was named 
for his maternal grandfather, Stephen 
Aumack, who was a miller by occupa- 
tion. It is likely that he learned how- 
to operate a grist mill when a boy in 
his grandfather's mill, for we find him 
engaged in this business through life. 
His mill was located on Squan brook, 
about where the Wyckoff mills are now 
situated in Howell township. Thev 



EARL Y DUTCH SET/ LEA'S OF MONMOUTH. 



were formerly known as the "old Bark- 
alow mills." Stephen Barkalow was 
born in April, was baptized July 24, 
1748, and lived on his property near 
this mill. He married twice. The 
christian name of his first wife was 
Ann, who died July 16, 1799. His second 
wife Wfis Margaret, who died April 2, 
1854. 

In Book P of deeds, p. 599, in the 
Monmouth County Clerk's office, is 
record of a deed dated March 9. 1805, 
from Stephen Barkalow and Margaret, 
his wife, of Howell township, to Wil- 
liam Barkalow of the same tow.nship, 
which shows that he must have married 
again in a few years after his first 
wife's death. Stephen Barkalow was a 
soldier of the Revolution, and distin- 
guished himself by his cool courage at 
the battle t>f Germantown where the 
Monmouth militia under Col. Asher 
Holmes was engaged. He died March 
15, 1825, and is buried in the yard of 
Bethesda church, near Blue Ball. His 
will dated January 29, 1825, proved 
April 6th. 1825. is recorded in Book B. 
p. 433. etc.. Surrogate's office of Mon- 
mouth county. Samuel Forman. John 
Hulsart and Jonathan Errickson are 
the witnesses. 

His first bequest is to his grandson 
Stephen, son of his son David. He gives 
to him "his gun and all the accrutre- 
ments." This was the weapon he car- 
ried during the war and spoken of in 
the story republished by Edwin Salter 
in Old Times in Old Monmouth. He 
evidently prized it highly, in thus first 
naming it in that solemn hour when a 
man executes his will and realizes that 
he can take nothing out of this world 
except the good will of immortal minds. 

He next mentions Mary Sagers and 
John Sagers. two of his grandchildren, 
and then ordered all his property sold 
and proceeds divided in eight equal 
shares, and gives one share to each of 
his children who are named, I presume, 
in order of their ages, as follows: John, 
William, Cornelius. Richard, David and 
Jane. One share to the three daughters 
of Hannah Sagers, so they have their 
mother's share between them, and one 
share to his grandson, John Sager, 
equally with his children. He also gives 
to his grandson Stephen, son of David 
Barkalow. his silver knee and shoe- 
buckles. From the fact of possessing 
such ornaments he must have taken 
some pride in his personal appearance. 
His sons William and Cornelius, and 
his grandson John Sagers, are appoint- 
ed executors. 

John, his eldest son. removed to New 
York city, where he lived until his 



death, September 15, 1854. I am in- 
formed that one of his daughters 
named Margaret was married in this 
county October 11. 1828, to Robert 
Havens, by John Saplin Newman, an 
elder of the Independent Methodist 
church. This, however, may be a mis- 
take. William, the second son, learned 
the business of a miller in his. father's 
mill. When a young man he was either 
employed in or rented the grist mill 
lying east of Colts Neck, and in that 
part of Atlantic township which was 
taken off of Shrewsbury township. They 
were formerly known as the "Jake Pro- 
basco Mills" to distinguish them from 
the first Probasco mills, which are 
located west of Colts Neck. During the 
present generation they have been 
known as the Snyder and Mulinbrink 
mills. While living here he married a 
daughter of Thomas Parker, who resid- 
ed near Smithburg, in Freehold town- 
ship. He was the father of Charles 
Parker, sheriff of Monmouth county, 
and grandfather of Joel Parker, twice 
governor of New Jersey. Rev. John 
Woodhull. D.D., married them and he 
has thus entered it on record in Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office in Book A 
of marriages: "William Barkalow of 
Shrewsbury township, to Lydia Parker 
of Freehold township. February 1. 

William Barkalow died August 16, 
1849, aged 77 years, 7 months. 28 days, 
according to his headstone in the yard 
of the old Baptist cemetery at Freehold. 



Hi 



Wi 



Barkalow. His wife is interred by him 
and the date of her death given as Oct- 
ober 4, 1834, aged 61 yrs. 10 mos, 8 d. 
They had three children to grow up and 
marry, two dausrhters and one son, viz: 

Ann, the eldest married Job Emmons, 
who owned and lived on the farm in 
the township of Freehold which lies 
between the farm now owned by Nathan 
J. Conover and the farms of Koert and 
Elisha Schanck. sons of Henry Schanck, 
deceased. This old Emmons farm was 
considered one of the best farms in 
Freehold township. 

Amy. the second daughter, married 
Daniel D. Denise. She was his second 
wife. 

Thomas Parker, the only son. was 
born near Colts Neck March 21. 1811: 
married. November 3. 1830. Ann. daugh- 
ter of John Woolley of Long Branch, 
(born November 9. 1808, died October 
1st, 1891.) Thomas P. Barkalow died 
August 11, 1872, and was buried in 
Maplewood cemetery at Freehold. He 
left lour children, of whom more here- 
a f ter. 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Cornelius S., third son of Stephen 
Barkalow,. was born February 22, 1774. 
married August 11, 1799, Jedidah Er- 
rickson, (born July 8, 1780. died Mav 6. 
1860), and died February 8, 1842: buried 
in Kethesda church yard. He lived and 
died on the farm now. (1900) owned 
and occupied by Wilson Hendrickson 
in Howell township, about a mile south 
of Buckshootem bridge. In Book O of 
Deeds, page 974, Monmouth County 
Clerk's office, is record of a deed from 
this Cornelius Barkalow and Jedidah, 
his wile, of Howell township, to his 
brother Richard Barkalow, of the same 
township, dated September 29, 1804, and 
conveys one equal undivided third part 
of a tract of 30 72-100 acres in same 
township. It is described as beginning 
at a sapling on the north side of Polly 
Pod brook: and where Polly Pod brook 
and Haystack orook empty into Mete- 
teecunk river, is called for in the boun- 
daries. Cornelius S. Barkalow and Jed- 
idah Errickson, his wife, had the fol- 
lowing children: 

Hannah Stout, born April 1, 1801, died 
May 22. 1803. . . 

Hannah, bor- September 22, 1804: 
married January 19, 1826. to Jesse Cow- 
drick by James M. Challis, pastor of 
Upper Freehold Baptist church; died 
July 20. 1871. Jess,- Cowdrick died May 
21, 1857. aged 57 yrs. 7 mos, 27 d. This 
couple had thirteen children, of whom 
only one. the wife of Brittain C. Cook, 
who keeps the well known hostelry at 
Toms River, is now living. Among their 
children was Cornelius, born October 
8. 1826, and was associated with Brit- 
tain C. Cook in keeping this hotel. John 
B., born December 17, 1828, and David, 
born January 13, 1831. 

Cornelius C, bom August 24, 1812. 
married first March 29. 1837, Catharine, 
daughter of John Errickson: married 
second, January 4, 1863, Angeletty Clay- 
ton, a widow, and daughter of William 
Bennett. Cornelius C. Barkalow is now, 
1900, in his eighty-eighth year, but in 
full possession of all his mental facul- 
ties. I am indebted to him for this in- 
formation about his near relatives. The 
( dates he furnished me from two family 
Bibles in his possession. He now. 1900. 
lives on the old Havens farm near Blue 
Ball, which he bought a number of 
years ago. Prior to this he lived on the 
old homestead of his father mentioned 
above, and now occupied by Wilson 
Hendrickson. Cornelius C. Barkalow by 
his first wife. Catharine Errickson. had 
three sons, but no children by his last 



igan. He is still living and it is sa 
has accumulated a very large fortun 

Cornelius S., named for 
father, was born February £ 
now deceased. 



nd- 



1..I11 



lue Ball, 
ius S.. the 



lge.St 



md 



dese 



M: 



:::9; 



rried 



more than a passing notice. Like his 
great grandfather, Stephen Barkalow. 
who distinguished himself at the battle 
of Germantown. so this descendant, by 
his cool courage and activity distin- 
guished himself in several battles dur- 
ing the late civil war. He enlisted in 
Company A. 14th Regiment New Jersey 
Volunteers, when he was about 21 years 
old. {f will be seen from the Barkalow 
genealogy, he was almost of unmixed 
Dutch blood, for the Erricksons, al- 
though of Swedish origin, are neverthe- 
less a kindred race to the Hollanders. 
In liis physical appearance he bore a 
general resemblance to his cousin. 
\\ icofl Barkalow. Standing full six feet 
in height, with broad, square shoulders, 
and deep chested, with a natural mil- 
itary carriage, he attracted attention 
wherever he went. He was made first 
sergeant July 31. 1862. of Company A, 
then commanded by Austin H. Patter- 
son: was promoted to first lieutenancy 
September 10. 1864, and captain of Com- 
pany I, December 1 of the same year. 
Brevetted Major for gallant and meri- 
torious services before Petersburg April 
2. 1865, to date from April 2 of that 
year. See pages 663. 668 and 1712, Rec- 
ord of Officers and Men of New Jersey 
in the Civil War. 1861-1865. Brought 
up on a Monmouth county farm with 
only such education as our country 
schools could give, yet he made as gal- 
lant and heroic an officer as any ever 
turned out by West Point. Naturally 
good natured and kind of temper, with 
a jovial, fun loving spirit, he at the 
same time was very considerate of the 
feelings of others and always ready to 
extend a helping hand to those in 
trouble or need. Those traits made 
him one of the most popular men in the 
14th regiment. His rapid promotion 
was due to his zealous discharge of 
duty and his cool courageous conduct 
in battle. 

At the battle of Monocacy in Mary- 
land, July 9, 1864. he was shot through 
the body just below the heart, and lefl 
unconscious on the field as our men fell 
back before the Confederates. Then 
occurred an incident well worthy of 
remembrance, for it shows thai gTat 
itude and chivalry sometimes flourished 
in rebel hearts as among the knights of 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



old. That even in the wild frenzy of 
battle where men seek to slay, that in- 
fluenced by gratitude they can turn 
from slaughter and try to save life in- 
stead of destroying- it. I have this ac- 
count from Colonel Austin H. Patter- 
son and John H. Hurley, both of whom 
are still living, and both had personal 
knowledge of the facts. 

After the battle of Antietam Captain 
A. H. Patterson with part of his com- 
pany was detailed to conduct some 
rebel prisoners to Fort Delaware and 
deliver them to the officer in charge. 
Cornelius S. Barkalow was one of the 
non-commissioned officers selected for 
this duty. These prisoners were taken 
by railroad to the city of Baltimore, and 
from there transported in a steamboat 
to this fort. Captain Patterson stated 
to me that these rebel prisoners were 
in most wretched condition from want 
of food, exposure, and from vermin. 
Some of them too were suffering from 
malarial fever and so emaciated that 
they looked like living skeletons. 
Others, wretched and despondent, had 
made no effort to relieve their persons 
from vermin, and had holes eaten in 
their necks and backs. While on the 
cars they could do nothing for them, 
but at Baltimore Sergeant Barkalow 
managed in some way to have suitable 
nrovisions. with some medicines and 
delicacies, and clean shirts sent to the 
steamboat on which they were to em- 
bark. On their passage Barkalow went 
among them in his frank and friendly 
way distributing provisions to those 
who could eat, and medicines and deli- 
cacies to the sick, and clean shirts to 
all. When the Confederates were de- 
livered at Fort Delaware they all shook 
hands with our men and expressed 
great thanks for the kindness shown. 
Now at the battle of Monocacy it hap- 
pened that among the Confederates was 
an officer who had been among those 
prisoners and had been exchanged. He 
at once recognized Barkalow as he lay 
unconscious on the battlefield. He or- 
dered a private to go for a rebel sur- 
geon whom he knew and who was near 
at hand. The surgeon came at once 
and was requested by the rebel officer 
to examine Barkalow. This he did and 
found that the ball had passed through 
his body just beneath his heart, and 
that he was bleeding internally. A silk 
handkerchief was torn in strips and 
one of these strips passed through this 
wound so as to cause the blood to run 
out. He was' treated with the greatest 
care and it was this which saved his 
life. Other wounded soldiers lay 



around, but Barkalow was the only one 
who received treatment from the rebels 
and it was due to his generous and 
" ind attention to those rebel prisoners. 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, , 
County of Monmouth. f ss - 
John H. Hurley, being duly sworn, on 
his oath saith that he was a private in 
Company A, 14th N. J. Vols. That he 
was in battle of Monocacy on the 9th of 
July, 1864. That he was wounded by 
a rebel sharpshooter so badly that he 
could not walk and was left on the 
battlefield as the soldiers fell back. That 
Cornelius S. Barkalow. then an orderly 
sergeant, was also wounded in same 
fight. That a ball passed through his 
body just below his heart and he lay 
near this deponent. That as this de- 
ponent lay there a force of the Confed- 



soldi 



.-ho. 



whom, recognized said Cornelius S. 
'Barkalow, as said Barkalow had before 
that time shared part of his rations 
with some rebel prisoners who were 
half starved. That said rebels saw con- 
dition of said Barkalow, that unless he 
bled externally he would die. That 
some of them went to said Barkalow 
and passed a silk handkerchief through 
the wound and caused it to bleed exter- 
nally, which deponent thinks saved his 
life. That said rebels treated him with 
great consideration and pains, but did 
nothing for this deponent. That they 
left said Barkalow and this deponent 
there and we were taken off by our 
people afterwards. This deponent fur- 
ther saith that said Barkalow was one 
of the best and bravest of the under 
officers of said regiment. That he was 
always full of fun and jokes and did all 
he could to make his men comfortable 
and to see to their wants. That every- 
body in the regiment liked him and 
respected him. 

JOHN H. HURLEY. 

Sworn and subscribed before me this 
16th day of May, 1899. 
JOHN W. HULSE, Justice of the Peace. 

The testimony of above soldier is that 
of every man in this regiment. He 
recovered from this wound but before 
it was entirely healed he was back with 
his regiment and served until war 
closed, when he came back to his 
father's farm. He died from blood 
poisoning, caused by what was thought 
a trifling wound in his foot. His death 
occurred only three weeks after his 
marriage. He was buried in the yard 
of the old Bethesda church, near Blue 



EARLY DUTCH SEJ JLERS OF MO.XMOl TH. 



Ball, and his grave there will always 
be honored by the people of Monmouth 
county. His name will always be re- 
membered and cherished. II" the flow- 
ers, strewn each Decoration Day on his 
grave, had the faculty of speech they 



laisies that star the early fields 
For chubby hands to hold, 

.nd buttercups which God has sen 
To be the babies' gold. 

lut we. a higher fate is ours ; 

Ordained from bud to bloom, 
'o lie amidst the green, young gr; 

Above a soldier's tomb. 



And when the tattered tiaus are raised 

He fought and died to keep. 
We feel a stir, through tangled growth, 

A thrill from hearts that sleep. 

And when the dew falls silently. 

With throbbing drums gone by. 
We are on guard, we flowers, and proud. 

Upon his grave, to die." 

The fourth son of Cornelius S. Bark- 
alow and Jedidah Errickson. his wife, 
was John C. born February 16, 1820. 
married Mary Irwin, a sister of the 
known squire, Levi G. Irwin, who died 
a few years ago. John C. Barkalow 
died at his residence in the village of 
Colts Neck, June 28, 18il2. His 
was proved July 19. 1892. and recorded 
at Freehold in Book V of Wills, page 
372, etc. His wife and one son, Wil 
liam, survives him and still reside a 
Colts Neck. 

Richard. (Derrick) fourth son o 
Stephen Barkalow, married Februar 
14, 180V, Margaret, a daughter of Alex 
ander Low. a prominent citizen of Free- 
hold at that time. Richard Barkalow 
and Margaret Low, his wife, were the 
parents of two sons, William D. and 
Alexander L.. and two daughters, Mary 
Ann and Cornelia, who died unmarried. 
The two sons lived together in a house 
on the right hand side of the Blue Ball 
turnpike on the outskirts of Freehold 
town and were strongly attached to 
each other, but not in any demonstra- 
tive way. 

William D. died unmarried, but his 
brother married Rebecca A., widow of 
William Emmons and died leaving one 



ig hi 



The 



two brothers, as many people now liv- 
ing will remember, were plain, prudent, 
and reliable men, just what they ap- 
peared to be without cant, quack or 
pretentions. 

David, the fifth and youngest son of 
Stephen Barkalow, was born December 
22. 1780; married March 2. 1805, Mary 
Borden, (born April 6. 1785, died April 
25, 1862) and removed to Wayne county. 



he 



Apri 



gur 



I ha 






lfor 



far 



Jane, the daughter of Stephen Barka- 
low, and who is named in his will. Cor- 
nelius C. Barkalow informed me that 
she married one Stoffel (Christopher) 
Probasco and removed with her hus- 
band to the state of Ohio and there 
settled. Neither do I know anything 
of the Sagers family in which the 
daughter Hannah married. 

Thomas P. Barkalow, the only sur- 
viving son of William S. Barkalow and 
Lydia Parker, his wife, seems to have 
learned the miller's business in his 
father's mill at Colts Neck." Soon after 
his marriage to Ann Woolley he pur- 
chased and moved to a farm near the 
village of Toms River. He also bought 
the mill which his grandfather Stephen, 
owned on Squan brook, now known as 
Wyckoffs mills. After residing on the 
farm at Toms River a number of years 
he removed to Forked River in Ocean 
county, and became associated with his 
cousin, Stout Parker, in the business of 



building schr 



for 



the 



5till!4 



trade and in shipping cord wood to the 
New York and other markets. In 1858 
he bought at Sheriff's sale the famous 
old hostelry in Freehold known as the 
Union hotel. Prior to and during the 
war of independence it was called the 
"White Hall Tavern." John Longstreet. 
a zealous loyalist, owned and conducted 
this tavern when the war began. He 
was active in raising a company for the 
battalion of Jerseymen which Sheriff 
Elisha Lawrence commanded in Skin- 
ner's brigade, and was made a captain 
or lieutenant in the British army. If 
this old part of the Union hotel could 
have spoken many interesting and ex- 
citing tales could have been told of 
those days which tried men's souls. 
Our county records show that on an 
inquisition taken June 9, 1778. John 
Longstreet was found guilty of joining 
the king's army. Judgment was en- 
tered and execution issued directing 
seizure and sale of his real estate. The 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MONMOUTH. 



White Hall *> tavern was purchased at 
this sale by Major Elisha Walton. The 
deed to him is dated June 10. 1779. and 
recorded in Book R of Deeds, page 558, 
etc.. Monmouth county clerk's office. 

From this time on down to 1834, when 
Barzillai, son of Daniel Hendrickson 
and Elizabeth Grover, his wife, became 
the owner and landlord, there were sev- 
eral different owners and landlords and 
the name was changed to the "Union 
Hotel." From 1844 to 1850 it was run 
by the well known Nathaniel S. Rue, 
who is still living - at an advanced age 
in the township of Upper Freehold. 
About 1842 an addition was put up be- 
tween the old building and South street 
which was used until 1856 for a gen- 
eral country store, but in that year it 
was made a part of the hotel by Sheriff 
Holmes Conover and John Vanderveer 
Carson, who were then the owners. The 
deed from Sheriff Samuel Conover to 
Thomas P. Barkalow was dated March 
23, 1858, and is recorded in Book G 6 of 
Deeds, page 126, etc. Mr. Barkalow 
carried on the hotel business here until 
November 18, 1865. when he sold the 
property for .$14,000. It then included 
all the land in the rear of the buildings 
along South street as far as the rail- 
road track. This part of the property 
was covered with sheds, barns and 



ible 



The 



thi 



ird 



was about where the front of the brick 
store now stands from South street. 
September 11, 1886, the hotel was des- 
troyed by fire which started in the ad- 
joining building. The Belmont hotel 
now stands on the site of this old build- 
ing. 

Many changes in methods and cus- 
toms of the old fashioned taverns have 
taken place since the day when Mr. 
Barkalow was the landlord. I now 
know of bat one hostelry conducted in 
the old way and that is the one at 
Toms River of which the well known 
Brittain C. Cook is landlord. 

When Mr. Barkalow moved to Free- 
hold in 1858, he brought with him his 
wife and two daughters. He had the 
following children: 

Lydia. born August 21. 1831; married 
George Cowperthwait, who came of the 
well known Quaker family of this name 
in West Jersey. Mr. Cowperthwait re- 
sided at Toms River and for many 
years conducted a general country store 
at that place. 

William, born December 27. 1833, died 
young. 

John Woolley, born February 12. 1835; 
married Mary Catherine Conover. at 
Forked River, N. J. 

Elizabeth, born July 11. 1837. and 



still resides in the old home on Main 
street in Freehold, where her father 
and mother lived the last years of their 
lives. 

Eleanor Laird, born March 20, 1840; 
married December 25, 1861, Joseph Still- 
well Conover, who. prior to his death, 
was associated as a partner with Hon. 
George W. Shinn in a general country 
store at Freehold. Mr. Conover was a 
very affable and pleasant man and pop- 
ular with the people. She married in 
1875, Mr. Charles L. Holmes, and died 
April 25. 1900, leaving three children 
by her first and one by her second hus- 
band surviving. 

During the period when Mr. Bark- 
alow conducted the Union hotel there 
was but one railroad running from 
Freehold, that to Jamesburg. Stages 
ran to Toms River, Long Branch and 
Keyport. The sound of a bugle early 
in the morning and about sunset in the 
summer, announced the departure and 
arrival of the Keyport stage. The fare 
to New York city by stage and steam- 
boat was fifty cents, or about half what 
it is today. During the first week of 
the regular terms of our county courts 
the Union hotel would be overcrowded 
with jurymen, witnesses, and persons 
with law business on hand. The over- 
flow were lodged at various private 
houses about town but they all boarded 
at the hotel. Mr. Barkalow personally 
looked after the comfort of each guest 
and presided at the regular meals. He 
was a man of rotund, portly figure, 
broad, square shoulders and ruddy com- 
plexion. Of courteous address and dig- 
nified manners he was the very ideal of 
a landlord. The stirring times of the 
great rebellion began and ended during 
his occupation of this tavern. 

The political excitement and discus- 
sions, enlistment of men and later the 
draft, the departure and arrival of 
officers and men from the front, news 
of battles, men killed or wounded, and 
the thousands of wild rumors gave un- 
usual animation to the daily occur- 
rences at such a public house. The first 
meeting of the citizens of Freehold to 
enlist men for the three months service 
under President Lincoln's call for 75.000 
men was held in the room adjacent to 
the bar-room. The Freehold news- 
papers of that date give an account of 
this meeting and the names of the men 
who enlisted. One tall thin fellow en- 
listed that evening who wore a pair of 
new and heavy cowhide boots. Some 
one inquired what he got such boots 
for. He very earnestly replied "to 
stamp the bowels out of the d 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



the report eame back that this ehap Iiaci 
hidden behind a big log. So the rebels 
never suffered any from those boots. 
During this period Mr. Richard Davis, 
generally called "Uncle Dick;" Mr. 
Thomas M. Vanderveer and his son, D. 
Augustus Vanderveer, Lewis Hoffman, 
Rev. Wilbur F. Neil, the young and pop- 
ular rector of St. Peter's church, and 
several other bachelors and widowers 
boarded and lodged there. 

The utmost harmony and good feel- 
ing prevailed among them for there 
were no "lady boarders." They all be- 
came warm friends of Mr. Barkalow 
and family. While there was no glit- 
ter, tinsel or pretensions, yet every- 
thing was substantial and comfortable 
and kept scrupulously clean and neat 
under the watchful supervision of Mrs. 
Barkalow and her daughters. Domestic 
affairs in a private home could not have 
moved along more quietly and orderly. 
In the fall and winter the bar-room was 
a kind of social club for the business 
and professional men of Freehold. Well 
supplied with cushioned seats along the 
whole side next to South street, and 
comfortable armed chairs with a great 
stove in the center of the bar-room. 



hardly an evening passed but what they 
were occupied. The war, politics, law 
suits, horse races and horse trades, in- 
terspersed with stories and anecdotes 
were the principal subjects of conver- 
sation. Governor Parker, Dr. John 
Vought, A. R. Throckmorton, Sheriff 
Sutphen. Sheriff Sam Conover, William 
V. Ward, Joseph D. Bedle, and many 
others of our leading citizens, dropped 
in nearly every evening. Their stay 
would be short or long, according to 
persons present and the subject dis- 
cussed. A wonderful change in the 
social relations of Freehold has taken 
place since then. The adjacent room 
was used for public meetings, trials of 
justices court cases, auctions, etc. Mr. 
Barkalow was respected by everybody. 
Good natured, frank and consistent in 
his dealings, he had no enemies. Gen- 
erous and kind hearted, he had many 
friends. I never heard a profane or 
vulgar word fall from his lips, nor any 
harsh criticism or condemnation of 
others behind their backs. In many 
solid qualities of heart and head Thomas 
P. Barkalow, the landlord of the Union 
hotel, had few equals and no superiors 
among the people of Freehold. 



THE HENDRICKS OR HENDRICKSON FAMILY. 



Daniel and Wilm Hendricks, as they 
wrote their names and were called 
among their own folks, were brothers 
and sons of Hendrick Hendricks by his 
first wife. They came from Flatbush, 
in Kings county, Long Island, to Mon- 
mouth county, about 1692 or 1693, and 
settled on a tract of land at what is 
now Holland in Holmdel township. This 
land has been in the continuous owner- 
ship and occupation of the descendants 
of Daniel Hendricks, the pioneer settler, 
down to the present year 1900, or over 
two centuries. 

The late Hon. William Henry Hen- 
drickson, who twice represented Mon- 
mouth in the New Jersey Senate, was 
born, lived, died and was buried on this 
homestead farm, as his father, grand- 
father, and great-grandfather, (who 
was the youngest son of the first settler) 
had been before him. I therefore take 
up Daniel Hendricks and his posterity 
before his brother William, because the 
latter has no descendants living in this 
vicinity. 

We find Daniel Hendrickson first 
mentioned in Book C of Deeds, p. 78. in 
our county clerk's office. An agreement 
dated September 23, 1693, is here re- 



corded between Daniel Hendrickson and 
"John Gibbonson" as name is spelled, of 
Flatbush, Kings county, L. I., of the one 
part, and William Whitlock of Middle- 
town, Monmouth county, of the other 
part. It seems they had on September 
22d. 1692. leased of Whitlock 104 acres 
of land, described as partly bounded by 
Mahoras brook, and they now agree to 
pay him £25 in yearly installments until 
whole is paid by 10th of March. 1697. 
and Whitlock agrees to convey it when 
whole sum is paid. Daniel Hendrickson 
conveyed 28 acres of this tract to Gy- 
bertsen or Guisbertsen as name is 
spelled, who with Ester his wife, by 
deed dated December 22d, 1701, conveys 
it to John Ruckman. This Guisbertsen 
was the progenitor of the Giberson 
family as name was afterwards spelled, 
and I think was really a VanPelt. 

In Book I of Deeds, p. 166, Secretary 
of State's office, Trenton, N. J., is the 
record of a deed dated Mav 16, 1698. 
from John Whitlock and Mary his wife, 
late of Middletown township, but then 
of Freehold, to Daniel Hendrickson. 
conveying 104 acres for the consider- 
ation of £164. This land is described as 
situated at Strawberry Hill, now occu- 



EARLY DU1CH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



pied by Daniel Hendriekson, bounded 
south by lands late of William Whit- 
lock, east by lands of Thomas Whit- 
lock, north by a small run coming- from 
the hills, and west by another small 
brook; which 104 acres John W'hitlock 
with other tracts of land got from the 
proprietors of East Jersey by patent 
dated January 20, 1676. Also another 
tract bounded northerly by James 
Wall's land, westerly by John Whit- 
lock's land, southerly by land late Wil- 
liam Whitlock, and east by Mahoras 
brook. Also 13 acres of salt meadow at 
Shoal Harbor, bounded north by the 
creek. 

In this same Book I of Deeds, p. 184, 
etc.. is record of a deed dated February 
5, 1706, from Thomas Cooper of London, 
England, a merchant, to Obadiah Bowne, 
Garret Wall, Gershom Mott, James 
Hubbard, James Grover, James Cox, 
Jaseph-eox>Riehard Stout. Daniel Hen- 
dricks, Obadiah Holmes, William Law- 
rence, James Lawrence and Benjamin 
Lawrence, all of Middletown township, 
in Monmouth county. Cooper, for the 
consideration of £260 conveys to them 
one lull equal half propriety, or 4 8th 
part of all lands taken up or to be 
taken up in the Eastern Division of the 
Province of New Jersey, excepting only 
5,000 acres already taken up by said 
Cooper in right of first division, and 86 
acres taken up in right of second divis- 
ion of said half propriety or 48th part 
of said Eastern Division of New Jersey. 
and which are already sold by said 
Thomas Cooper. He also conveys by 
this deed 600 acres of land at Barnegat, 
in what is now Ocean county. 

On page 1 fi 4 . etc., of this same Book 
I of Deeds, is record of a deed from 
Obadiah Bowne and rest ' of grantors 
aforesaid except Daniel Hendricks, to 
said Daniel Hendricks, dated February 
5, 1706. It recites that said grantors 
with said Daniel Hendricks, purchased 
of Thomas Cooper one-half propriety or 
48th part of the undivided Eastern Div- 
ision of New Jersey, and also 600 acres 
of land at Barnegat; and by this deed 
they convey to said Daniel Hendricks, 
his' heirs and assigns, a tract of 141 
acres and right to take up 184 acres 
more under the second and third div- 
isions. They also convey to him 21 
acres of land and marsh at Barnegat. 

In this same Book I of Deeds, p. 376. 
is record of a deed dated December 7. 
1700, from Richard Hartshorne arid 
Margaret, his wife, to Daniel Hendriek- 
son, John Schenck, Garret Schenck. 
Cornelius Couwenhoven, Peter W r yckoff, 
all of Middletown. in Monmouth county, 
conveying to them three tracts of land 
at a place called by the Indians "Con- 



ink. 



The 



200 



acres and lays next to bay. The second 
tract contains 70 acres and is situate on 
west side of "Conescunk Neck." The 
third tract is made up of several pieces 
of meadow containing in all 50 acres. 

Minutes of Monmouth county courts 
labelled No. 1. 1688-1721. show that 
Daniel Hendriekson was a grand juror 
at March term, 1699. He was again 
summoned to serve on grand jury March 
26. 1700, when the new judges appointed 
by Governor Andrew Hamilton, took 
their seats for the first time. As has 
been already explained Daniel Hen- 
driekson with many others of the Mid- 
dletown people refused to serve or to 
recognize the authority of these judges. 
For this he was fined $10 and the 
sheriff was ordered to make the money 
by seizure and sale of his personal 
property. His brother. William Hen- 
dricks, is named among the men who 
broke up the court March 25, 1701, and 
held Governor Hamilton, the county 
judges and other officers prisoners for 
four days. _ The surrender by the Pro- 
prietors of the right of government to 
the English crown in 1702. brought 
about an entirely new condition of 
affairs, and settled for a time their old 



losit 



iel Hendricks 



ippointed 



" Teuntje Thysa Laen VanPelt, the mother 
of Daniel Hendrickson's wife, came to Amer- 
ica with her father and settled at New Utrecht. 
L. I. Her brother Guisbert married Jannetje 
Adraanse Lambersen, and removed to Mon- 
mouth county. He wrote his name or was 
known as "Gisbert Laen." and he and his 
wife are among the organizing members of 
the Dutch church in 1709. He had the follow- 

Adraan, b. . married Marytje Smak 

(Smock). 

Janntje. b. , died single. 

Wilhelmyntje. bap. Sept. 16, 1677 ; married 
William Hendricks, the brother of Daniel 
1 endrickson. Her name appears as "William- 
pe" on records of Dutch church in 17C9. 

Mathys. bap. Aug. 23. 1679 ; died young. 

Catalina. bap. April 24. 16S1 ; married Elyas 
DeHart. 

Matthys. bap. March nil. 16S3; married Antje. 
daughter of Garret Schanck and Neeltje Voor- 
hees his wife, of Pleasant Valley. 

Cornelius, bap. April 3. 1685. 

Mary. bap. March 3. 1689 : married Ferdin- 
and VanSiclen. 

Joost (Joseph i. .lied single and was blind. 

Maikan or Moyka married Stoffle Longstreet 
and they were the parents of Stoffle Longstreet 
who settled in Upper Freehold township. 

Tobias Hansen of Dover, in New Hampshire, 
conveyed to Gilbert Lane of New Utrecht, L. 
I., 200 acres in Shrewsbury township, by deed 
dated March 30, 1699, recorded in Book D of 
Deeds, p. 128. Monmouth county clerk's office. 
In Book E of Deeds, p. 344, etc.. Gilbert L»ne 




Dwelling house on Hendnc-kson homestead at Holland, N. J. The 
original part was built by Daniel Hendrickson, the first settler, be- 
tween 1700 and 1720 ; remodeled and enlarged by the late Hon. William 
H. Hendrickson. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



one of the constables of Middletown 
township in 1704-5 and three years later 
sheriff of the county. He was the first 
Netherlander to hold this office. We 
also find him and his wife, and his 
brother William and wife among the 
organizing members of the Dutch 
church in 1709, and a few years later 
he was an Elder. He was also ap- 
pointed captain of the militia of Mid- 
dletown township. 

Daniel Hendrickson married in Brook- 
lyn Catherine, daughter of Jan Janse 
VanDyke and Teuntje Thyse Laen Van- 
Pelt, his wife. Daniel Hendrickson died 
in January, 172S, leaving his widow and 
11 children surviving. 

The following is a certified copy of 
his will recorded in Book No. 2 of Wills, 
p. 431, etc. The scrivener who wrote it 
was evidently ignorant of the Dutch 
language as he has given the English 
names for some of the children, while 
he has spelled others according to 
sound. Tryntje is Dutch for Catherine, 
but in writing the name of Daniel Hen- 
drickson's wife he spells it "Taytye." 

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN.— I Daniel 
Hendricks of Middletown in the county of 
Monmouth and Eastern Division of ye Prov- 
ince of New Jersey Gent. This Sixteenth day 
of November in the Year of our Lord one 
Thousand seven hundred & Twenty Seven, be- 
ing very Sick & weak of Body but of a Sound 
Mind and Disposing Memory (Thanks be to 
God for ye Same & calling to mind ye uncer- 
tainty of this present Life knowing That it is 
appointed for all Men once to Dye) Do make 
& declare this to be my Last Will & Testament 
as followeth v"izt. first and principally I rec- 
ommend my Soul to Almighty God that gave 
it and my Body to ye Earth from whence it 
was taken to be buryed at ye Discretion of my 
Executors heroin after named and as Touching 
Such Wordly Goods and Estate as it hath 



ii Middletown township, conveyed to his son 
Matthias Lane, 460 acres which Alexander 
Innes had deeded to him April 28, 1709. Gil- 
bert Lane made his will Nov. 7, 1720 ; proved 
May 27. 1727. and recorded at Trenton in Book 
B of Wills, p. 66, etc. Names his wife Jane, 
and all his children. Speaks of his dauediter 
Willimea, who married William Hendrickson. 
as deceased, and also her husband as dead. 

Gilbert Lane had a brother Peter, who set- 
tled in Monmouth, and was known as Peter 
Tysen. In Book E, p. 314, etc.. Monmouth 
county records, is a deed dated October 6, 
1709. from John Bowne to Peter Tysen and 
Derrick Tysen of New Utrecht, and John 
Tysen of Brooklyn, L. I., for 750 acres at 
Wiquetunk. This property was afterwards 
conveyed to Roelf Schanck. See page 313 
"Old Times in Old Monmouth "Some of this 
family removed to Bucks or Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, and retained the surname Tysen. 
Those who remained here spelled their names 
"Tice." The Lane, Tysen or Tice, Pietersen 
and Giberson surnames are all derived from a 
VanPelt progenitor. 



Pleased Almighty God (far Beyond my Des- 
erts) to bestow upon me I give Devise & Dis- 
pose of ye Same in Manner & form following 
Viz. IMPRIMIS my Will is that all my Just 
Debts be justly and truly payd by my Execu- 
tors hereinafter named and for That end & 
purpose my Will is. and I do by These Pres- 
ents give To my Three Executors, or in case 
of Death or Refusal to any two of Them full 
power to sell and Dispose of my Two Largest 
Lotts of Wood Land on Conescunk Neck & 
my Land at Barnegate & Right to Property, 
pt I give and Devise to my Son Hendrick the 
Plantation on which he Dwells, formerly Ben- 
jamin Stouts, and the full halfe of all my 
Lotts of Meadow at Conescunk, on condition 
that he pay the Sum of Three hundred Pounds 
to my Seven Daughters in such Payments & at 
Such Times as hereafter expressed viz. That 
he pay to my daughter Catharine the Sum of 
thirty seven pounds Ten shillings at ye Time 
of her Marriage or ye Age of Twenty one 
Years which shall first happen & to my Daugh- 
ter Jonayfye the sum of Thirty seven pounds 
Ten shillings at ye Time of her marriage or 
ye age of Twenty One years which shall first 
happen & ye Remaining Two hundred Twenty 
five pounds by equal parts to my Seven Daugh- 
ters Namely Ghesye. (Geesie) Teuntye, (Teun- 
tje) Maykije. Catharine, Anne Francis (Fran- 
cyntje), & Janayfye (Jannetje), the first Pay- 
ement to commence four Years after my De- 
ceass to my Eldest Daughter & so on yearly 
the Like Sum to ye Next oldest till ye Seven 
Daughters hath Received ye same. That Then 
I Give & Devise the sd Lands and Meadows 
to my Son Hendrick Hendricks his heirs & 
Assigns for Ever, pt I give and Devise to my 
Son John the plantation whereon he Dwells 
that I purchased of Stephen Warne, on con- 
dition That he pays the sum of five hundred 
pounds to my Daughters as hereinafter expres- 
sed viz That he pay to my Daughter Anne ye 
Sum of Thirty Seven pounds Tenn Shillings at 
ye Time of her Marriage or ye age of Twenty 
one Years which shall first happen and ye 
Remaining Two hundred Sixty two pounds 
Tenn Shillings by equal parts to my Seven 
Daughters above named, the first payment To 
Commence Four Years after my Decease, to 
my Eldest Daughter, and so on Yearly the 
Like sum to ye Next oldest till ye Seven 
Daughters have received ye same. That then 
I Give & Devise the said Plantation to my 
Said Son John his Heirs & Assigns forever, 
pt. I give and Devise to my Son William ye 
Remaining half of My Salt Meadow Lotts at 
' <;n< scunk & to him his heirs and Assigns for- 
ever and my Will is That the fee simple of the 
Three Hundred Acres of Land I Lately pur- 
chased from ye Executors of Obadiah Bowne 
Deced be settled & Confirmed to my said Son 
William his Heirs & Assigns forever on con- 
dition That he pay ye Sum of four Hundred 
pounds to my Daughters as herein After Ex- 
pressed viz : That he pay to My Daughter 
Francis iKranrvntje) the sum of Thirty Seven 
pounds Tenn shillings at ye Time of her Mar- 
riage or the Age of Twenty One Years which 
shall first happen and ye Remaining three 
hundred Sixty-two pounds Ten Shillings by 
equal parts to my Seven Daughters Above 
named the first payment to commence Six 
Years after my Decease to my Eldest Daughter 
and so on Yearly the Like Sum to ye Next 
oldest till ye Seven Daughters have Received 






EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOL'TH. 



the Same. pt. I give and bequeath to my Lov- 
ing Wife Tayte the use 4 of my Homestead 
plantation & three parcels* of Land more, the 
One I purchased of Jarat Wall, one of John 
Wall & a parcel adjoyning to Wallens Land, 
and my Salt Meadow at Shoal Harbor with 
the use of my Personal Estate for & During 
the Term of her Widowhood, if the Same con- 
tinue Not Longer than That my Youngest Son 
Daniel Attain ye Age of Twenty One Years. 
If at That Time she be my widow unmarryd 
my Will is that ye Said Lands be Equally 
Devided between her and my Said Son Daniel 
During her Widowhood and at the Expiration 
thereof, I give and Devise all ye Lands and 
Meadow I have herein jiven her the use of to 
my Said Son Daniel His heirs & Assigns for 
Ever on condition that he Pay to my Seven 
Daughters the Sum of Three hundred & fifty 
Pounds VIZ fifty Pounds to my Eldest Daugh- 
ter within One Year after he is of the age of 
twenty One Years and Lawfully possessed of 
the whole Plantation, and so Yearly fifty 
Pounds to ye Next Eldest till ye Seven Daugh- 
ters have Received their fifty Pounds a Piece, 
and Personal Estate Equally to all my Chil- 
dren, pt. I give and Devise to my Nephew 
Daniel Hendricks a smali Lott of Land I have 
in Amboy purchased of Stephen Warne VIZT 
TO Daniel Hendricks, the Son of my Brother 
William Hendricks his heirs and Assigns for- 
ever, pt. I give & Devise Two Small Parcels 
of Upland at Conescunk called ye Landing and 
Landing Lotts, Equally to my four Sons Name- 
ly Hendrick, John, William & Daniel and To 
their heirs & Assigns for ever as Tenants in 
common pt. and Lastly I do Nominate & ap- 
point my sun Hendrick Hendricks and my 
I_ons in Law Rocleff Schank and Jonathan 
Holmes, Junr., f Executors of this my Last 
Will and Testament to see ye Same executed. 

IN TESTIMONY whereof I have hereunto 
Sett my Hand & Seal the Day & Year first 
Above Written Signed Daniel Hendricks with 
a (Seal) SIGNED. SEALED and PUBLISHED 
by Daniel Hendricks as his Last Will & Tes- 
tament in ye Presence of Cornelius Wyckof. 
Johannis Leiister (Luyster). Cornelius Dooren 
(Doom). William Lawrence Junior. 

WILLIAM BURNET, Esqr., Captain General 
& Governour in Chief of ye Provinces of New 
Jersay, New York and Territories thereon de- 
pending in America, and Vice Admiral of ye 
same &c, KNOW YE That in ya County of 
Monmouth in ye Province of New Jersey, The 
Twenty Ninth day of January one Thousand 
seven hundred & Twenty Seven, The Last Will 
and Testament of Daniel Hendricks Late of 
Middletown in ye County of Monmouth yeo- 
man Deced, was proved before LAWRENCE 
SMYTH who is Thereunto by me authorized 
and appointed for That purpose, having while 
he Lived and at ye Time of his Death. Goods, 
Chattels & Credits in Divers places within This 
Province, by .Means Whereof ye full Dispos- 
ition of all & Singular ye Goods Chattels & 



mouth." Jonathan Holmes was the eldest son of 
Obadiah Holmes and Alice Ashton, his wife. 
He was known as Jonathan Holmes, Jr., to 
distinguish him from his uncle, Jonathan 
Holmes, Sr., who is buried in old Topanemes 
graveyard. 



Credits of ye said Deced, and ye Administra- 
tion of Them, also ye hearing of Account, Cal- 
culation or Reckoning and the final Discharge 
and Dismission from ye Same unto me Solely, 
and not unto any Other Inferiour Judge are 
Manifestly known to belong, and the Admin- 
istration of all & Singular ye Goods chattels 
& credits of ye said Deced, & his Last Will 
and Testament in any Manner of Ways Con- 
cerning was Granted unto, Hendrick Hendricks. 
Roeleff Echank & Jonathan Holmes, ye Exec- 
utors In the sd Last will & Testament Named 
Chiefly of well & Truly Administring the 
same, and of making a True and perfect In- 
ventory of all & Singular ye Goods Chattels 
and Credits of ye said Deced and Exhibiting 
ye same into ye Registry of ye Prerogative 
Court in ye Secretary's office at on or before 
ye Twentyeth day of June next Ensuing & of 
rendering a just & True Account when there- 
unto required. 

IN TESTIMONY whereof I have caused ya 
PREROGATIVE SEAL of ye sd Province of 
New Jersey to be hereunto Affixed at Burling- 
ton in New Jersey Afd. ye 22d Day of Feb- 
ruary in ye First Year of our Reign 

JAMES SMITH Secry. 

Geesya. b. Oct. 9. 1696, at Flatbush, 
L. I.; m. 1714, Roelef, eldest son of Jan 
Schenck and Saartje Couwenhoven, his 
wife, of Pleasant Valley, in what is now 
Holmdel township. She died September 
20, 1747, and was buried in Schenck- 
Couwenhoven cemetery. Her headstone 
is still in a state of good preservation, 
and gives her age 50 yrs. 11 mos. 11 d. 
Her husband is buried by her, and his 
age given as 73 yrs., 10 mos., 28 days. 
Roelef Schenck became a communicant 
in the Dutch church of Monmouth coun- 
ty in 1715, and his wife 32 years later 
or in 1747. Her brother, Daniel Hen- 
drickson. and his wife, Catrina Cou- 
wenhoven, and her sister Jannetje, then 
the widow of Roelef Couwenhoven. 
joined the church at the same time. See 
page 87 of Wells' address at Brick 
church. Six of Daniel Hendrickson's 
daughters became members of this 
church, or all except Catharine. Geeyse 
Hendrickson and Roelef Schenck, her 
husband, had the following children: 

Sarah, b. May 22, 1715; m. Dec. 1. 
1734. Joseph VanMater. (b. Feb. 5, L710, 
(1. Oct. 15, 1792) and died Sept. 1. 1748. 
aged 33 y, 3 mos, 9 days, according to 
inscription on her headstone in family 
burying-ground on old VanMater home- 
stead in Atlantic township. The names 
of her children have heretofore been 
published in genealogy of the VanMater 
family. 

Katrinje, bap. March 19, 1717; died 
young. 

Kalrya, (Catharine) bap. Dec. 21, 1718; 
m. first, Simon DeHart; second. Peter, 
son of Jacob Couwenhoven and Sarah 
Sol,. ,,ok. Ins wife. The marriage lic- 
ense of last couple is recorded in office 




Pleasant Valley. N. J., between 1730 and ] 
Photographed in 1900 by Mrs. L. H. S. Co 




Photographed by Mrs. L. H. S. Conover in summer of 1900. 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



of the secretary of state at Trenton. 
It was granted July 27. 1749. The 
names of her six children by these two 
husbands appear on page 310 of "Old 
Times in Old Monmouth." 

Jan. b. January 22, 1720; m. Nov. 26. 
17-11, Jaconmyntje, daughter of Cornel- 
ius Couwenhoven and Margaretta 
Schenck, his wife, of Pleasant Valley; 
died June 27. 1740, aged 29 y, 5 mos, 5 
days, according to his headstone in 
Schenck-Couwenhoven cemetery. His 
wife is not buried by him. She may 
have married as second husband. 

Daniel, bap. Hay 26. 1723; d. Sept. 20. 
1747. 

Neeltje (Eleanor), b. Sept. 10. 172 1; 
m. Oct. 12, 17 11. Garret, son of Jacob 
Couwenhoven and Saartje Schanck. his 
wife. (b. Nov. 5, 1716, d. Dec. 9. 1797). 
and died Nov. 25, 1800. She is buried 
by her husband on Conover homestead 
near Taylor's mills, Atlantic township. 
The names of her children have been 
heretofore given in the Couwenhoven 
genealogy. 

Hendrick, b. July 29. 1731, married 
his cousin Catharine, daughter of Jon- 
athan Holmes, Jr., and Teuntje Hen- 
drickson his wife. Their marriage lic- 
ense was granted Feb. 28. 1749. He 
died on his farm near Brick church, 
Marlboro township, August 24, 1766, 
aged 35 yrs, 25 days, according to his 
headstone in Schenck-Couwenhoven 
yard. He left one son Rulef. and four 
daughters surviving. A strange coin- 
cidence attends Hendrick's will and his 
father's will. They have same sub- 
scribing witnesses, were proved same 
year, and are both recorded in Book I 
or Will- at Trenton. N. J. 

Engelt.ie. bap. April 28, 1732. died 
young. 

Teuntje. (Antonia) bap. in Brooklyn. 
April 9, 1699; m. 1715. Jonathan 
Holmes, Jr.. eldest son of Obadiah 
Holmes and Alice Ashton, his wife. 
Teuntje was the first of the seven 
daughters of Daniel Hendrickson to join 
the Dutch church. This was in 1737. 
Her husband. Jonathan Holmes. Jr.. was 
so called to distinguish him from his 
uncle. Jonathan Holmes. Sr.. and Jona- 
than Holmes, minor. 

Jonathan- Holmes. Jr.. made his will 
Sept. 6, 1766; it was proved Nov. 2, 1768. 
and recorded at Trenton in Book K of 
Wills, p. 264. The witnesses are Obadiah 
Holmes, Obadiah Holmes, Jr.. and Asher 



Ho 



He 



ibes 



Jonathan Holri 
ship." He devises all hi 
his sons. William and J 
Jacobus). He also men 
athan, John. Daniel. Sa 



of Freehold town- 
his-real estate t.> 
James, (baptized 



dren of his son Joseph, deceased. His 
daughters named in this will were Alice 
VanBrkkle, Catherine Schenck, and 
Mary. Obadiah Holmes, the lather of 
Jonathan Holmes, Jr., was the eldest 
son of Jonathan Holmes and .Sarah, 
Borden, his wife, and was born July 17. 
1666. at Gravesend, on Long Island. 
They were probably staying with Capt. 
John Bowne who lived there, and who 
had married Lydia Holmes, a daughter 
of Rev. Obadiah. The settlement at 
Middletown in Monmouth county was 
being effected, and Jonathan Holmes. 
with his family, remained at Gravesend 
until his dwelling-house could be built 
■and made ready for occupation. The 
next year, 1667, we find this Jonathan 
Holmes among the first officers elected 
in the township of Middletown. 

Jonathan Holmes, whose name ap- 
pears so prominently on our first rec- 
ords from 1667 to 1684, was born in 
1637 in England, and came with his 
lather to America in 1639. He was the 
firstborn and eldest son of a man fam- 
ous in the annals of the Baptist church, 
and who was a zealous preacher of this 
faith at Newport, R. I., from 1652 to his 
death in 1682. Capt. John Bowne. who 
was the leading spirit of this colony 
from Gravesend to Monmouth, had mar- 
ried his daughter, and he doubtless lent 
him his name and influence to make 
this enterprise a success. His name ap- 
pears on Nicolls patent of 1665 as one 
of the patentees, but he never removed 
here. Two of his sons. Jonathan and 
Obadiah. represented him and his inter- 
ests. The latter, however, only remain- 
ed a short time, for we find him resid- 
ing on Staten Island and a Justice of 
the Peace there under Jacob Leisler. 
The troubles arising from his connec- 
tion with this man led him to remove 
to Salem county, N. J., where he lived 
the rest of his life. Jonathan Holmes 
remained in Monmouth until 1684. and 
then returned to Rhode Island, where 
he remained until his death in 1713. 

His will was proved Nov. 2nd of that 
year, and is recorded at Newport. R. I. 
He devised all his real estate in Mon- 
mouth county equally to his sons, Oba- 
diah and Jonathan, who both settled, 
lived and died here. Obadiah married 
Alice Ashton. as already stated, and 
Jonathan Holmes. Jr.. was his firstborn 
and eldest son. Jonathan Holmes, the 
first settler, was one of the trusted 
leaders, next to Capt. John Bowne. both 
in industrial, religious and civil matters 
of the early colonists. Hi- was a deputj 
to tlie first general assembly which met 
at Elizabethtown in 1668. The next 
year he was dismissed for refusing to 



EARL )' DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOL Til. 



take the oath of allegiance to the Pro- 
prietors. Soon alter Governor Carteret 
sent commissioners to the people oi 
Monmouth demanding their submission 
and obedience to the Lords Proprietors 
as they grandiloquently 'called them- 
selves. The people of Shrewsbury man- 
aged to evade committing themselves. 
The people of Middletown spoke out 
boldly and frankly, and their answer is 
recorded in full in the old Town Book 
of Middletown. It is well worth Trad- 
ing-, as it is the first public declaration 
for popular rights against government 
by favoritism and caste put forth on 
this American continent. Tradition re- 
ports that Jonathan Holmes, who had 
been rejected as a deputy for refusing 
to take the oath of allegiance and fidel- 
ity to the Proprietors, framed this an- 
swer. Neither the proclamation of 
Charles I. King of England, ordering 
them to submit, nor this threat of Gov- 
ernor Cartaret that they would be pun- 
ished as "mutineers" or rebels, sinus 
to have intimidated them. It is a 
strong, honest and sensible declaration 
,ii their rights, and shows what a dif- 
ference thin, as ever since, has existed 
between the people of the two original 
townships. 

Jonathan Holmes' son Obadiah, mar- 
ried in 16!I6 Alice, (b. 1671, d. 17161 
daughter of James Ashton and Deliver- 
arice Throckmorton, his wife. Obadiah 
Holmes died April 3, 1715, leaving a 
will dated Dec. 21. 171 t, proved April 
17. 17i:.. and recorded at Trenton in "D" 
,,1 Wills, p. .£65, etc. He mentions Jon- 
athan, Obadiah, James, Samuel, Joseph 
and John, six sons, and Deliverance, 
wife of Joseph Smith, and Mary, wife of 
James Mott, two daughters. H. gives 
his homestead farm at "Ramnessin," on 
Hop Brook, in present township of 
Holmdel, to his son John, and his lands 
at Crosswicks, (now Upper Freehold) 
to his son Joseph, whose descendants 
have owned and resided on it to this 
day. 

Our present chosen freeholder from 
Upper Freehold township, Joseph 
Holmes, now owns this homestead and 
is a lineal descendant of this son of 
Obadiah Holmes, to whom he devised 
these lands, obadiah Holmes was sheriff 
of Monmouth in 1699, and one of the 
leaders of the people in breaking up 
Governor Hamilton's court at Middle- 
tow ii. March 26, 1701. 

Obadiah's son Samuel, (b. April 17. 
1704. d. Feb. 23, 1760), married Dec. 7. 
1731. Huldah. daughter of Gershom 
Mott and Sarah Clayton, his wile, and 
lived and died on a farm called "Scots- 



Marlboro. They were the parents of 
Asher Holmes, (b. Feb. 22, 1740. d. June 
20, 1808) who was first sheriff of Mon- 
mouth county under our Republic. He 
was Colonel of our county militia and 
of state troops, ami was eiiE^-ol in 
the battles of Germantown, Princeton 
and Monmouth. He also represented 



il-ii 



ith 



the 



786- 



88. The officers of our Monmouth mil- 
itia during the Revolution were neither 
professional soldiers nor literary or 
learned men. They never made any 
efforts to perpetuate the memory of 
their deeds, and never claimed any par- 
ticular credit for doing what they 
thought was their plain duty. There- 
fore, when we find any writing by them 



det 



tlii 



memorable war. we should especially 
prize it. The following letter was writ- 
ten by Colonel Asher Holmes to his wile 
alter the battle of Germantown. merely 
to assure her of his safety, and without 
any idea it would be treasured up and 
preserved for other generations. 
Camp on the Mountain near Perkamie 

Creek. 29 miles west of Philadelphia, 

Oct. 6. 1777: 
DEAR SALLIE: 

The day before yesterday there was 
a general engagement. The first part 
of the day was much in our favour. We 
,lr,,ve the enemy for some miles. Gen- 
eral How. had given orders for his 
army to retreat over the Schuykill 
River: but the afterpart of the day was 
unfavorable to us: our line of battle 
was broken, and we were obliged to 
i.t rea I 

The battle was near Germantown. 
This attack was made by different div- 
isions in different quarters, nearly at 
the same time, but the morning being- 
very foggy, was much against us. and 
the severe firing added to the thickness 
of the air, which prevented our seeing 
far. therefore a great disadvantage to 
us. The Jersey militia and the Red 
Coats * under General Forman. and the 
Maryland militia with some 'Listed 
troops under Gen. Smallwood, were on 
th. hit wing of the whole army. We 
drove the enemy, when we first made 
the attack, but by the thickness of the 
fog. the enemy got into our rear. There- 
fore had to change our front, and then 
, . treated to a proper place. 

Gen. McDougall's 'Listed men then 



in, wera the 
red hunting 
smoke of battle might 
nistaken for the British who also 
lats. and thus cause confusion. 



EARL V DUTCH SET ILEA'S OF MOSMOLTH. 



formed to the left of us and Gen. 
Green's 'Listed men to the right of us, 
but they all gave way except the Mon- 
mouth Militia, and Gen. Forman's Red 
Coats stood firm, and advanced upon 
the British Red Coats, who were at 
least three times our number, to a fence 
where we made a stand. The fire was 
very severe and the enemy ran. 

They brought a field-piece to Are on 
us with grapeshot, but our Monmouth 
men stood firm until their ammunition 
was nearly exhausted, and the enemy 
advancing around our right flank. Gen. 
Forman then ordered us to retreat, 
which we did in pretty good order until 
our Continental troops broke and ran 
the second time, and this running 
through our men broke them entirely. 
Our Jersey Brigade suffered very much 
by storming a strong stone house in 
Germantown, which first stopped our 
progress, and I believe was one great 
cause of breaking our line in that quar- 

I have seen Brother John Holmes, 
I 'apt. Mott, Capt. Burrows and Bostwick 
and most of our Monmouth officers. We 
are all well. Since the battle our army 
is in good spirits although our duty 
has been very severe. The night before 
the battle our men marched all night 
and had very little sleep the night 
after. Providence seems to have pro- 
tected our Monmouth Militia in a par- 
ticular manner, as we have lost very 
few. if any killed, and not many 
wounded, although the enemy was with- 
in 120 yards of us in the hottest of the 
Are, and their field piece firing on us 
with grapeshot a great part of the time. 
I have escaped without being hurt, al- 
though I was much exposed to the 



To Mrs. Sarah Holmes. 

This letter is directed 

"To Mrs. Sarah Holmes in Fr 

forwarded by Mr. Logan." 



Teuntje, the second child of Daniel 
Hendrickson, was an earnest and active 
member of the Dutch church, while her 
husband, Jonathan Holmes, like all his 
family, was a zealous believer in the 
tenets of the Baptist faith. The baptism 
by immersion was one of their most 
important doctrines. Neither did they 
believe in infant baptism. Teuntje 
Hendrickson must have been a woman 
of great resolution, for she had her 
children baptized in the Dutch church 
and taught the Heidelberg catechism. 
Her children are the only Holmeses 



whose names appear on the old records 
of the Monmouth Dutch church. 

There must have been much talk and 
holding up of hands in amazement 
among the good brethren of the Baptist 
faith, that these descendants of the 
sturdy Rev. Obadiah Holmes should be 
sprinkled and not immersed. There 
must have been many earnest appeals 
made to their father against this woe- 
ful departure from the true faith. The 
only reply Jonathan Holmes, Jr., could 
make, I suppose, was "When a woman 
will, she will, and when she won't, she 
won't." Teuntje, however, was never 
able to bring her husband clear over, 
as Margaret Wyckoff had done with 
Jonathan Forman, but she turned her 
"Holmes" children into good "Dutch- 
men." 

The records of our Dutch church 
show that Jonathan Holmes and Teuntje 
Hendrickson. his wife, had the follow- 
ing children baptized: 

Obadiah, bapt. Oct. 28, 1716, died unmarried 
in 1752. The records in the office of the Sec- 
retary of State show that letters of adminis- 
tration on his estate was granted to his broth- 
er, Joseph Holmes, Jr., Oct. 17, 1752, Book B 
of Wills, p. 69. 

Daniel, bapt. April 9, 1721, m. 1752. Leah, 
(b. 1736, d. March 15, 1813) daughter of James 
Bowne and Margaret Ncwhuld, his wife. Both 
are buried in yard of Hoimdel Baptist church. 

Jonathan, bapt. July 19. 1722. married Sarah 
Potter in 1758, and was a merchant in New 
York city in 1752. He may have been the 
"Jonathan Holmes" called "Minor." 

Joseph, b. , m. June. 1752, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of James Mott and Mary Holmes, his wife, 
and was engaged with James Mott, Jr., in 
mercantile business in New York city. He 
died in 1763. James Mott and James Mott. Jr., 
appointed administrator of Joseph Holmes, 
Sept. 22, 1763, Book H of Wills, p. 293, Sec- 
retary of State's office. 

John, b. ; m. 1764, Catharine Brown, 

was associated with his brother Jonathan in 
business in New York city in 1752. In 1763 
he resided at and operated a grist mill at 
Forked River in what is now Ocean county, 
but then part of Monmouth. During the Rev- 
olutionary war his dwelling was plundered by 
a party of refugees. He left three 



captain 



nd had numerous descendants 
of these followed the water J 
of vessels in coasting trade. 

Alice, bapt. March 30. 1730; m. 1749, John 
VanBrakle. d. May 19, 1796. 

Catharine, b. May 11, 1731; d. May 12, 1796. 
aged 63 years. 1 day. according to the inscrip- 
tion on her headstone in Schenck-Couwen- 
hoven yard, where she is buried by her first 
husband. Hendrick Schenck. She left a will, 
recorded at Trenton, N. J. She married first 
in 1749. Hendrick, son of Roelof Schenck and 
Ueesey Hendrickson, his wife, who died August 



1766. She ir 
■et Schenck 



ried 



ad. Jo 



Neeltje Voorhees, his 
ird wife. He died Feb. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



and was buried by his father 
Schenck-Couwenhoven yard, 
lildren by the last marriage. 



Bradevelt i 

There wen 

James, bapt. Jacobus, May 1, 1737. 

Samuel, bapt. July 8, 1739. 

William, b. , died in 1776. Letters of 



his 



his hrutliiT. Daniel H.. ln-.es, Feb. 2S, 1776. See 
Book M of Wills, p. 29, Secretary of State's 
office, Trenton. 

Catharine Holmes, the seventh child 
of Jonathan Holmes, Jr., and Teuntje 
Hendrickson, his wife above mentioned, 
by her first husband, Hendrick Schenck, 
had seven children, of whom five lived 
to grow up, viz: one son, Ruliff, and 
four daughters, Mary, Eleanor, Cathar- 
ine and Ann. Her youngest child, Ann, 
was born on her farm near what is now 
Bradevelt station, June 14, 1766, and 
married Jonathan Holmes, son of Sam- 
uel Holmes, and Mary Stout, his wife. 
Samuel Holmes (b. Oct. 4, 1726; d. Aug. 
26, 1769) was a son of Jonathan Holmes, 
Sr., by Rebecca Throckmorton, his sec- 
dnd wife. They are both buried in old 
Topanemus grave yard. This Jonathan 
Holmes, son of Samuel Holmes and 
Mary Stout, his wife, married Ann 
Schenck, as above stated, and died 
without children, Nov. 16, 1814. His 
will is dated January 6, 1810, proved 
Nov. 22, 1814, and recorded at Freehold 
in Book A of Wills, p. 685, etc. 

He first orders that one-quarter of 
an acre of land on the farm where his 
brother, John S. Holmes, then lived, and 
"where the burying ground now is" 
shall be a burying- place for the Holmes 
family. He then gives to his brother, 
John S. Holmes, the use of all his real 
estate, and at his death to go to his 
two sons, Daniel and John, or the sur- 
vivors of them in fee simple. This is 
the same farm in Pleasant Valley where 
ex-Sheriff Daniel Holmes lived, and 
where his son, the late Joseph H. 
Holmes, lived and died. The Holmes 
family still own it. 

Jonathan Holmes then made the fol- 
lowing bequests: To his sister Lydia, 
wife of Garret Stillwell, $250; to the 
children of his sister Parmelia, wife of 
John Stillwell, $250: to his brother, 
Stout Holmes, $375. This brother mar- 
ried first Elizabeth Pintard. second 
Mary Ogbourns, widow of Samuel Bray. 
One of his daughters, Alice, married ex- 
Judge Joseph Murphy, and was the 
mother of Holmes W. Murphy, who 
served two terms as clerk of Monmouth 
county and represented this county in 
Genera] Assembly during the years 
1880-81. He was associated with the 
writer as partner in law business for 
several years. 

Jonathan Holmes also gives by this 
will $375 to his sister Catharine, wife 



of Nathan Stout. To his brother, Samuel 
Holmes, he gives the interest yearly on 
$3,750 for life, and at his death to his 
son, Jonathan, if living. If dead, then 
$750 of principal to Samuel's two 
daughters, Mary and Catharine, and the 
remaining $3,000 to Daniel and John, 
sons of his brother, John S. Holmes. 
To Jonathan, son of his brother, Joseph 
Holmes, $500, and to Nelly, daughter of 
his brother Joseph, $125. To Joseph, 
son of David Crawford, $62.50, and to 
Joseph Covert, son of Daniel Covert, 
$62.50. 

To Jonathan Holmes, son of his 
brother Samuel, his clock, sideboard, 
silver tankard, best horse he has, his 
fusee and implements belonging to it. 
Orders all legacies paid in gold or 
silver. Directs Daniel and John, the 
two nephews to whom he gives all his 
real estate, not to sell it, but keep same 
in Holmes family forever. 

John S. Holmes named in this will 
married Sarah, daughter of Col. Daniel 
Hendrickson who commanded the Third 
Regiment of Monmouth militia during 
the Revolution, and was speaker of 
General Assembly of New Jersey in 
1784. John S. Holmes also represented 
Monmouth county in General Assembly 
during years 1810-11 and 1813-14. His 
son Daniel married Rhoda VanMater, as 
has been mentioned in VanMater rec- 
ords. This Daniel Holmes was a mem- 
ber of the constitutional convention of 
1814. 

The following paper has the genuine 
signatures of John S. Holmes, Col. 
Asher Holmes, and others who have 
been mentioned in these articles. It 
also shows that they appreciated edu- 
cation and good schools and made an 
effort to have an academy or high 
school established in Holmdel: 

"On condition that the acre of ground, 
this day sold by Obadiah Holmes unto 
us the undersubscribers, for erecting an 
academy; that if it should fail of suc- 
cess, then if its ever convenient to any 
other use, we engage to pay said Oba- 
diah Holmes or his lawful representa- 
tives, the further sum of fifty pounds 
for said lot. This we engage in case 
that either us or our heirs shall convert 
it to any other purpose. Witness our 
hands this twenty-fourth day of Dec- 
ember, seventeen hundred and ninety- 
three. 

ASHER HOLMES, BARNES SMOCK, 
THOMAS LLOYD. DANIEL KETCHAM. 
JOHN I. HOLMES. JOHN S. HOLMES. 
BARNES H. SMOCK, CHRINETONCB 
VanMATER. GARRET HENDRICKSON 



Wi 



HEN. HENDRICKSON, 
JARRET STILLWELL, 
WILLIAM BRITTON." 



{&*jf^&s6>**<>', «^l^^{flh~£f*.^ '^4^r^A«^^ 




'/&?*• 

>>■€*» <&&& 






/Mm«//J Urn* 

~/f'V//ftff9 ' 



Old document executed Peeeml.or :M, 179M. showing signatures of ] 
Smock, Asher Holmes. Garret Hendrickson, Barnes 
H. Smock and others. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Garret Hendrickson, who has signed 
above, was Lieut. Garret Hendrickson 
in Capt. Wm. Schenck's company, and 
Barnes Smock commanded an artillery 
company during- the revolution. Hen- 
drick Hendrickson, who signs as wit- 
ness, was one of the county judges and 
part of time presiding judge, as out- 
court minutes from 1790 to 1800 show. 

As the Holmes family has always 
been prominent in this county and have 
numerous relatives, there are many 
who will feel interested in the following 
extracts from a letter written by the 
Rev. Obadiah Holmes to his wife in 
1675: "If she remains in the land of the 
living, after my departure" to use his 
own words. After speaking of the 
"comfort their children have been.'' he 
writes: "Wherefore make use of that 
he is pleased to let thee enjoy. I sin- 
make use of it to thy present comfort. 
Thou art but weak and aged, cease from 
thy labors and great toil and take a 
little rest and ease in thy old age. Live 
on what thou hast, for what the Lord 
hast given us, I freely have given thi e, 
for thy life, to make thy life comfort- 
able; wherefore see thou doeth it, so 
long as house, land and cattle remain. 
Make much of thyself, and at thy death. 
then what remains may be disposed 
according to my will. And now, my 
dear wife, whom I love as my own soul. 
I commit thee to the Lord, who hath 
been a gracious merciful God to us all 
our days. Not once doubting He will 
be gracious to thee in life or death, and 
will carry thee through this valley of 
tears, with his own supporting hand. 
Sorrow- not at my departure, but rejoice 
in the Lord, and again I say rejoice in 
the Lord of our salvation. And in 
nothing be careful, but make thy re- 
quests to Him. who only is able to sup- 
ply thy necessities and to help thee in 
time of need. Unto whom I commit 
thee for counsel, wisdom and strength, 
and to keep thee blameless to the com- 
ing of the Lord Jesus Christ, to whom 
be all glory, honor and praise, forever 
and ever. Fare Thee Well." 

Extracts from a letter to all his chil- 
dren: Alter urging them to seek the 
kingdom of God and his righteousness, 
he says: "And now my son Joseph: 
Remember Joseph of Arimathea was a 
good man. and a disciple of Jesus, and 
was bold and went boldly and asked 
the body of Jesus and buried it." 

"My son John: Remember what a 
loving and beloved disciple he was." 

"M\ daughter Hope: Consider what 
a peace of God hope is, and court after 
that hope that will never be ashamed, 
but hath the hope of eternal life .-10(1 



salvation by Jesus Christ." 

"My son Obadiah: Consider that Oba- 
dlah was a servant of the Lord and 
tender in spirit, and in a troublesome 
time hid the prophets by 60 in a cave." 

".My son Samuel: Remember that 
Samuel was a chief prophet of the Lord, 
ready to hear his voice saying "Speak 
Lord, for thy servant heareth." 

"My daughter Martha: Remember 
Martha, although she was cumbered 
with many things, yet she loved the 
Lord, and was beloved of him, for He 
loved .Mary and Martha." 

"My daughter Mary: Remember Mary 
chose the better part, that shall not be 
taken away, and did hearken to the 
Lord's instructions." 

"My son Jonathan: Remember how 
faithful and loving he was t.. David, 
that servant of the Lord." 

"My daughter Lidiah: Remember 
how Lidiah's heart was opened, her ear 
bowed, her spirit made willing to re- 
ceive and obey the apostle in what tin- 
Lord required, and was baptize.], and 
mtertained and refreshed the servants 
of the Lord." 

"Let your conversation in life be 
squared by the Scriptures, ami thej 
will direct you how to behave toward 
God and man. And next to- loving and 
fearing the Lord, have you. a most 
dear and tender respect to your faith- 
ful, careful, tender hearted, loving, 
aged mother. Show your duty in all 
things. Love her with high and cheer- 
ful love and respect, and then make 
sure you love one another. Let it con- 
good examples to others. Visit one 
another as often as you can, and pul 
one another in mind of the uncertainty 
of life, and what need there is to pre- 
pare for death. Take counsel one of 
another, and if one see cause to advise 
or reprove the other, hearken to it and 
take it well. Be ye content with your 
present condition and portion God giv- 
eth you. and make a good use of what 
yon hive, by making- use of it to your 
comfort for meat, drink and apparel, it 
is the gift of God. And take care to 
live honestly, justly, quietly, with Inv- 
alid peace with all men. etc., and forget 
not to entertain strangers according to 
your ability, etc." 

OBADIAH HTJLLMES. 
The 17th day. 10th month, 1675." 

Hendrick, the eldest son of the pion- 
eei settler, was born in 1700; married 
17:'.".. Neeltje, daughter of Garrei 
Schenck and Neeltje Voorhees. his vs ife, 
of Pleasant Valley, and died intestate 
February 21, 1 753, ago. I fifty years, ac- 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMl I ill. 



lording to his headstone in the family 
burring ground on the old Hendrickson 
homestead at Holland in Holmdel town- 
ship. His wife is not buried by him, as 
she married in 1761 Elias Golden and is 
probably buried by him on the Golden 
homestead. Administration on his es- 
tate, at request of the widow, was 
granted March 20. 1753, to his brothers, 
Daniel and William, and his brother-in- 
law. Garret Schenck. See Book F of 
Wills, page 107, Secretary of State's 
office at Trenton, N. J. He had the fol- 
lowing children: 

Tryntje, baptized April 3, 1726; died 
in infancy. 

Daniel, born November 11, 1727; mar- 
ried in 1767, Mary Schenck, (see license 
in Secretary of State's office) and died 
without surviving children March 2nd, 
1776, aged 48 years. 3 months, 21 days, 
according to his headstone inscription 
in homestead yard. His wife is not 
buried by him. which would indicate 
that she has married again. His will is 
recorded at Trenton in Book M of Wills, 
page 16-17. He describes himself as 
"Daniel Hendrickson, Jr.. of Middietown 
township." He gives his wife Mary 
£1400, with household goods and a 
negro girl. All his real estate is devised 
in fee equally between his two broth- 
ers, Garret and Hendrick. He bequeaths 
£100 to his sister, Nelly VanMater, and 
the same amount to his sister, Mary 
Couwenhoven. and £20 to his sister Ann. 
with a negro man. To James Schenck. 
a cow and calf. This will is dated Feb- 
ruary 18, 1775. proved March 12. 1776. 
His two brothers. Garret and Hendrick. 
divide the lands so devised between 
them by quit claim deeds, recorded in 
Book I of Deeds, page f> 2. Monmouth 
County clerk's office. 

Neeltje, baptized January 4. 1734; 
died young. 

Garret, born January 22. 1734, died 
December 2. 1801, and is buried by his 
first two wives on the homestead. He 
married first, according to license 
granted, December 8, 1755, and on rec- 
ord at Trenton, his cousin, Catharine, 
daughter of Tunis Denise and Fran- 
cyntje Hendrickson, his wife, (born 
May 8. 1732, died Sept. 8. 1771). Mar- 
ried second. Lena, or Helena, (born 
Sept. 26, 1753. died Jan. 1, 1785) daugh- 
ter of Denise VanLieu. or VanLieuwen. 
and Ida Wyckoff, his wife. Married 
third. Nelly, daughter of Arie VanDoorn 
and Antje Janse Schenck, his wife, and 
then the widow of Hendrick Smock. 
She died February 11, 1834, aged 01 
years, 10 months, 8 days, according to 
hi i- headstone in Schenck-Couwenhoven 
cemetery, Garret Hendrickson lived 



and died in the old Dutch built farm- 
house, still (1900) standing, on the 
farm where Cyrenius Hendrickson lived 
and died in Pleasant Valley, afterwards 
owned and occupied by his only son, 
Henry Denise Hendrickson, well known 
to our present generation of people in 
this county. Garret Hendrickson was a 
lieutenant in Capt. William Schenck's 
company of militia during the Revolu- 
tionary war and rendered good service 
to his country. 

The following extract from the New- 
Jersey Gazette of June 28, 1780. speaks 
of him, although by mistake his name 
is printed "Henderson" instead of Hen- 



The 



nffic 



by 



name of Henderson in the Middietown 
militia. Thomas Henderson of Free- 
hold, was a lieutenant-colonel and a 
physician, and is said to be the writer 
of those letters from Monmouth county 
published from time to time in this 
newspaper. Our county records show- 
that a pension was granted to Garret 
Hendrickson and Walter Hier (Hyres) 
for wounds received in a skirmish on 
June 21, 1780. The United States gov- 
ernment at a later date placed Garret 
Hendrickson on the pension roll for 
this same injury. "Letter from Mon- 
mouth county dated June 22, 1780. Yes- 
frerdav morning a party of the enemy 
consisting of Tye with 30 Blacks. 26 
Queen Rangers and 30 Refugee Tories 
landed at Conascung. They got be- 
tween our scouts undiscovered, and 
went to James Mott's, Sr., and plunder- 
ed his and several neighbors houses of 
almost everything, and carried off the 
following persons: James Mott. Sr.. 
James Johnston. Joseph Dorsett. 
Joseph Pearce. William Blair. James 
Walling. Jr., John Walling, son of 
Thomas. Phillip Walling. James Wall. 
Matthew Griggs, several negroes and a 
great deal of stock; but all the negroes 
except one, and a great deal of stock 
were retaken by our people. Capt. 
Walling was slightly wounded and a 
Lieut. Henderson (Hendrickson) had 
his arm broken. Two privates supposed 
mortally and a third slightly wounded 
in a skirmish we had with them on 
their retreat. The enemy acknowledge 
loss of seven men. but we think it more 
considerable." 

It appears that there was hand to 
hand fighting, for in an affidavit on 
record in the Monmouth clerk's office 
to support Hyres' claim for pension, it 
is stated "that he received a cutlass 
wound while boldly fighting." Doctor 
Barber and Doctor Thomas Henderson, 
(writer of these letters) certify that 



EARLY 1)1 nil SETTLER. 



>/■ MO.XMOriil. 



Hendnek> 



ight 



mji. 



ies received in this fight on June 21, 
1780. See page 303 of Old Times in 
Old Monmouth, although there is a 
typographical error here, for the month 
is printed January instead of June. 

In this and several other raids the 
enemy landed at Conescunk. The reason 
of this was the depth of water at this 
place near the shore which enabled 
them to get off their boats at any stage 
of the tide. At other places the flats 
would be bare for a considerable dis- 
tance or water too shallow to float 
their barges at low tide. Captain John 
Schenck is said to have led our forces 
and pressed close upon them until they 
embarked. So closely were they pressed 
that they abandoned nearly all the 
cattle, sheep and hogs they had taken, 
and all the negro slaves except one. 

While their last boat was within 
musket shot from the beach an officer 
stood up in the stern of the boat and 
deliberately aimed and fired at Captain 
Schenck, who had come down to the 
water's edge. The bullet whistled close 
to his head. "They shoot as n they 
wanted to kill a body," said the grim 
farmer, "but two can play at this 
work." Then seizing a gun from one 
of his men he walked into the water up 
to his armpits and carefully aiming, 
fired at the man who still stood up in 
the stern of the boat. He was seen to 
fall back but how badly hurt was never 
learned. 

Hendrick. the fifth child of Hendrick 
Hendrickson. and Neeltje Schenck, his 
wife, was born April 23, baptized June 
5, 1737, and died October 11, 1811, ac- 
cording to his tombstone in family yard 
on homestead farm. He married first, 
according to license granted, March 7. 
17T.7, Lydia. daughter of Ensign Elias 
Couwenhoven and Williamsee Wall, his 
wife, (born March 11, 1738; dit-J March 
16, 1805) married second, Helena Long- 
street, October 18, 1806, according to 
marriage records in Monmouth clerk's 
office. I think she was a widow, and 
the daughter of Joseph Covenhoven and 
Hannah, his wife. She was born Nov- 
ember 28. 1754, died October 3, 1820. 
Both wives are buried by him in home- 
stead yard at Holland. By his first wife 
he had the following children, but none 
by his second wife. 

Hendrick, born November 13, 1758, 
baptized February 18, 1759: died unmar- 
ried. November 8, 1803. He served in 
light horse company during Revolution 
and was also the schipper or boss of a 
crew of whaleboatmen, whose boats laj 
con.,:, hd in the ravines near Ma tn « :i n 



creek and swamps near Way.akr . i. . u 
Williampe, born February 2. l.t.l; 
married first, November 9, 1778', Aaron 
Long-street; second. Dr. Pitney, and 
died October 21, 1837. 

Elias, baptized September 29, L765; 
married Gitty, who died May 10, 1805. 
when only nineteen years old, accord- 
ing to headstone in homestead yard. He 
died childless July 28. 1805, aged 40 
years, and is buried by her. He also 
served during the Revolution in light 
horse company. 

Hendrick Hendrickson. the father of 
these three children, served as one of 
our county judges many years, and 
part of the time was presiding- judge 
of the Monmouth courts: see Nos. 7, 8 
and 9 of court minutes of Monmouth 
county. Denise Denise, Garret I. Cov- 
enhoven, John Covenhoven, Peter 
Schenck and Peter Wyckoff were asso- 
ciate judges with him part of this time. 
As a judge he was fair and impartial, 
with strong common sense. In addi- 
tion to lands he inherited from his 
father, he got 200 acres under will of 
his brother Daniel. He also purchased 
of John Covenhoven 130 acres, and 
some years later 150 acres more, adja- 
cent to his farm in Pleasant Valley. 
He also bought 37 acres of adjacent 
land from Garret Schenck, and so be- 
came the owner of some 600 acres of as 
good land as there was in Pleasant 
Valley. As his sons died childless, this 
large and valuable farm passed out of 
the Hendrickson name under his will 
dated July 12, 1811. proved November 
28. 1811. recorded at Freehold in Book 
A of Wills, page 457. etc. He devised 
all his real estate to his grandson, John 
Longstreet, subject to the comfortable 
maintenance of his widow for life. This 
devise passed into the Longstreet fam- 
ily one of the finest and most produc- 
tive farms in Pleasant Valley. He 
gives to his daughter. Williampe Pit- 
ney, interest on £342, then in hands Of 
Aaron Pitney. He gives Anne Seabrook 
and Lydia Smock £600 each. To his 
grandson. Hendrick Longstreet, £5, to 
Aaron Schenck, son of Obadiah Schenck 
and Nelly Longstreet, £500. Hendrick 
Longstreet. his grandson, and friend 
Denise Hendrickson, are appointed ex- 
ecutors. 

The sixth child of Hendrick Hen- 
drickson and Neeltje Schenck. his wife, 
was Mary, born December 6. 1740, mar- 
ried January 13, 1767. Cornelius (b. 
Feb. 11. 1746. d. Oct. 10. 1806). son of 
William Cornelise Couwenhoven and 
Ann, ij,- Hendrickson. his second wife. 
She died January 3, 1806. and is buried 



EARL Y pr/CH SETTLERS <>E MOXMOTTl/. 



by her husband in Schanck-Couwen- 
hoven cemetery. 

Tryntje, (Catharine) bap. September 
30. 1710: died young. 

Neeltje, bap. September 30, 1740. mar- 
ried 1756, Jacob VanMeter (b. March 3. 
1732, d. April 20. 1775). already men- 
tioned in VanMater records. 

Antje, bap. October 7. 1744, married 
David Hansen VanNostrandt, who was 
bap. September 18. 1737. 

William, bap. December 18. 1748. died 
young. 

Garret and Hendrick Hendrickson 
owned some of the best farming lands 
which could be found in Monmouth 
county. They were well stocked with 
cattle! sheep and swine. The hams and 
bacon made by them were of the best. 
In the fall an abundant supply of 
smoked meats, salted provisions, and 
other things to eat and drink, were 
laid away in cellar, smoke house and 
garret. This is the reason why so many- 
raids were made through Pleasant 
Valley. The last of these expeditions 
occurred February 8. 1782. Forty refu- 
gees from Sandy Hook under command 
of a Lieutenant Steelman who belonged 
down in Cape May county, came up 
during the night and surrounded Garret 
Hendrickson and his brother Hendrick's 
houses before daylight. This was 
directly after a heavy snowstorm and 
I suppose these men on the Hook were 
in a state of starvation and ready for 
any desperate adventure to get provis- 
ions. They succeeded in taking Hen- 
drick Hendrickson and his two sons, 
Hendrick and Elias, with all women 
folks and negro slaves, and Garret 
Hendrickson with his people, and John 
Covenhoven, his family and servants on 
adjacent farms, prisoners and placed 
them under close guard. A young man 
named William Thompson at Garret 
Hendrickson's house, managed in some 
way to escape undiscovered and hur- 
ried off to Captain John Schanck's home 
where he gave the alarm. They seized 
five woodsleds on these different farms. 
On two they fastened hay shelvings 
with boards nailed against the sides 
and on the bottom. On the other three 
they placed the bodies of farm wagons. 
Then they hitched two teams or four 
horses to each sled, for the snow lay 
deep and the roads were unbroken in 
many places. They put two barrels of 
apple whisky in one end of the hay 
shelvings and barrels of pork in the 
other, and between five live sheep. 
Barrels of flour, corn meal, potatoes, 
and all the poultry they could kill was 
placed on the other shelving. The other 



meats, hams, corned beef, butter, and 
all other kinds of provisions they could 
lay their hands on. They also took 
clothing, blankets, and cooking utensils. 
.Mrs. Garret Hendrickson's silk dress 
was taken and used to wrap up hams. 
After loading up with all kinds of 
plunder they started back for the Hook. 
In the meantime Captain Schai.ck was 
gathering his men and succeeded in 
getting thirty mounted men ready in 
about an hour after the Refugees had 
started. The deep snow and unbroken 
roads with the heavy loads made the 
progress of the Refugees slow. They 
were overtaken and a lively skirmish 
ensued in which three of them were 

The rest escaped. One of them cut a 
horse loose from among the teams and 
rode off. All the plunder was retaken. 
Our people lost one man killed. This 
was young Thompson who had given 
the alarm. On their return they were 
attacked unexpectedly by a detached 
party of Refugees consisting of sixteen 
men under command of Shore Steven- 
son. Captain Schanck at once ordered 
a charge before they could reload their 
guns. They at once threw down their 
arms and asked for quarter. In the 
confusion, however eight of the first 
prisoners got away, leaving only four 
who with Stevenson and his sixteen 
men made 21 prisoners. 

Lieutenant Garret Hendrickson by 
Catharine Denise, his first wife, had the 
following children: 

Hendrick, baptized March 20. 1757, 
died young. 

Franeyntje, baptized March 18. 1758: 
married William Forman. Both buried 
in yard of Old Tennent church. She 
died June 19, 1815. and her husband 
January 31, 1823, aged 71 years, 5 
months, 5 days. 

Denise. born November 12, 1761, died 
March 7. 1830. He married December 
28. 17S6. Anne, (born Nov. 15, 1766: died 
Aug. 6, 1858) daughter of John Schenck 
and Nelly Bennett, his wife, of Pleasant 
Valley. Both are buried on homestead 
farm at Holland. 

Hendrick. born July 10. 1764; married 
January 20, 1701. Phoebe VanMater; 
died June 6, 1837. Both are buried on 
homestead farm at Holland. Names of 
their children have been heretofore 
given in VanMater genealogy. 

Neeltje, baptized August 10. 1766; 
married John, son of Hendrick Brower 
and Abigeltje Hunt, his wife. 

Catharine, born April 8. 1768; married 
September 18. 170 1, Peter, son of Hen- 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MOXMOUTH. 



drick Brower and wife aforesaid. She 

died August 8. 1822, and is buried in 
homestead yard. 

By his second wife, Helena VanLieu. 
he had the following- children: 

Ida. baptized March 19, 1775; married 
September 10, 1791, Joseph K. Van- 
Mater, already mentioned in VanMater 
records. 

Daniel G„ baptized June 1, 1776; mar- 
ried December 21, 1797, Sarah, daug-hter 
of Cornelius Albertse Couwenhoven and 
Mary Logan, his wife They removed 
to some other part of New Jersey. 

Mary, baptized May 2, 1779; married 
December 24, 1797. William VanMater. 
whose children have been already 
named in VanMater articles. 

Lydia, born October 9, 1781; married 
Stephen Crane and died May 4, 1851. 
ag-ed 69 years, 6 months. 25 days, ac- 
cording to her headstone in homestead 
burying ground at Holland. Her hus- 
band is not buried by her; T do not 
know where he was. 

Anne, baptized December 7, 1783; 
I married October 3, 1799, Garret Terhune. 

Denise Hendrickson and Anne 
Schenck, his wife, named above, had the 
following children: 

Garret D., born July 7, 1787; died 
October 12, 1861. He married March 23, 
1808, Jane, daughter of Capt. Hendrick 
Hendrickson and Francinke Covenhoven 
his wife. One of their daughters, Cath- 
arine, born April 20. 1815. married the 
late William Henry Sickles of Red 
Bank. Another daughter, Adaline, mar- 
ried John Vanderveer Carson, now 
(1900) residing in Freehold, and the 
parents of the Carson Brothers, who 
have so long carried on the butcher's 
business here. 

Catharine, born October 8, 1801; mar- 
ried December 24. 1821. Peter R. Smock, 
and died September 9, 1890. Both are 
buried in Smock burying ground near 
Holmdel village on the farm where 
Peter R. Smock lived and died. They 
are the parents of ex-Sheriff Ruliff P. 
Smock, now a resident of Freehold. 

John Schenck. born Mav 9, 1807. mar- 
ried Ellen Hyres. 

John, the second son and fourth child 
of Daniel Hendrickson, the pioneer 
settler, was born about 1702; married 
about 1734, Annetje, (born in February 
1708) daughter of Jacob Couwenhoven 
and Saartje Schenck, his wife. The 
parental homestead of these young 
people in a direct line over the meadows 
and hills were less than a mile apart. 
They had know each other from their 
earliest childhood. After his marriage 
John settled on a farm in county of 
Middlesex, which his father had pur- 



chased of Stephen Warne and which he 
had given to him by will. Here the 
following children were born: 

Daniel, born July 3. 1735; married in 
1758 Eleanor VanMater (b. Aug. 4, 
1735, d. Feb. 12. 1828). He died Nov- 
ember 17, 1809, and is buried in family 
yard on farm of late George Crawford 
Hendrickson, his great grandson, at east 
end of Middletown village and still 
owned by this family. Names of his 
children have already been published in 



the V: 



■ b. baj 



tion of his estate wen- granted October 
11. 1710. to his eldest brother Hendrick, 
to his brother-in-law William Couwen- 
hoven, and Henry Disbrow, see Book 
C of Wills, page 335, secretary of state's 
office, Trenton, N. J. 1 do not know 
whether his widow survived him or not. 
She would have right of administration, 
but as she is not named, it would seem 
that she had died prior to her husband. 

Maijke (Micha) the fifth child, mar- 
ried Geysbert VanMater (b. Feb. 24. 
1694). Names of their children have 
been heretofore published in g-enealogy 
of the VanMaters. 

Tryntjc (Catharine) sixth child, is 
the only one who married and removed 
from this county and the only one of 
the seven daughters who did not join 
the church in this county. She married 
one Henry Dusberry or Dusenberry and 

Jersey or some other colony. She, how- 
ever, while visiting her parents in Mon- 
mouth, had three of her children bap- 
tized in the Dutch church, viz: 

Antje. baptised December 19, 1736. 
Her brother John Hendrickson and his 
wife, Annetje Couwenhoven, appear as 
sponsore on church records. 

Anne, baptized December 24, 1738. 
Her brother, Hendrick Hendrickson and 
his wife, Neeltje Schenck, are sponsors. 

William Hendrickson. baptised Octo- 
ber 12. 1743. Her brother. William 
Hendrickson. and his wife, Mary Long- 
street are sponsors. This is all the re- 
cords given us of Catharine, where she 
lived and when and where she died 



is unknown. 

William the third son of Daniel Hen- 
drickson and Catharine VanDyke. was 
baptized. November 6, 1709. married 
about 1731. Mary or Maria (bapt. May 
6, 1702) daughter of Stoffie Langstraat 
and Maicken or Moyka Laen his wife. 
His wife's name appears as a communi- 
cant on records of Dutch church in 174T 
as "Maria Langstraet, wife of Wilm 
Hindriekson." They had the following 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



children: 

Catharine, baptized August 8, 1732, 
maried Jacob, son of Rem Remsen of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. He was born in 1719, 
died 1784. Their marriage license in 
Secretary of State office at Trenton was 
granted, August 11, 1747. "Catharine 
Hendrickson of Monmouth County to 
Jacob Remsen, Sr., of New York." 
They have one child baptized in our 
church May 6. 1750, and named William 
His maternal grandparents were put 
down as sponsors. 

Daniel, baptized December 25, 1736, 
married in 1756, Catharine (b. Jan'y 29. 
1738.) daughter of Rutgers VanBrunt 
and Elizabeth Voorhes, his wife, of 
New Utrecht, L. I. This Daniel Hen- 
drickson was a land surveyor and was 
very prominent during the war for 
independence as Colonel of the 3rd Reg- 
iment of the Monmouth militia. These 
two children are the only onesWilliam 
Hendrickson and Maria Longstreet, his 
wife had. William Hendrickson died 
intestate in 1783, and the records in the 
Secretary of State's office show that 
letters of administration were granted 
to their son Daniel, October 27, 1783. I 
do not know where he or his wife are 
buried but would not be surprised if it 
was somewhere in the vicinity of Tin- 
ton Falls, as his son Daniel, then re- 
sided there. Colonel Daniel Hendrick- 
son by Catharine VanBrunt. his wife, 
had the following children: 

William, baptized July 31. 1757, died 
young. 

Elizabeth, baptized July 16. 1758, 
married Richard McKnight, Captain of 
Monmouth militia during Revolution. 

William, baptized January 11, 1761. 
died young. 

Daniel, born 1763, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Barzillai Grover and Theo- 
dosia. his wife, of Upper Freehold. 

Marv, baptized March 17, 1765. 

Sarah, born March 9. 1767. married 
John S. Holmes, (b. Nov. 29, 1762. d. 
Aug. 15. 1821) son of Samuel Holmes 
and Mary Stout, his wife. 

Daniel Hendrickson and Nicholas 
VanBrunt represented Shrewsbury 
township in the Provincial Congress of 
New Jersey, in 1775. In minutes of 
Provincial Congress and of the Com- 
mittee of Safety of New Jersey, for 
vears 1775-6. his name is frequently 
mentioned. After the Revolution he 
represented Monmouth county four 
years in the General Assembly and in 
1784 was Speaker of the House. I can- 
not find out where he is buried or date 
of his death. Like Captain Joshua 
Huddy, Captain Chadwick, and some 
others that served the people faithfully, 



the Republic has forgotten their graves. 

In Book M of Deeds, pages 161-165 in 
Monmouth County Clerk's office is rec- 
ord of two deeds from Daniel Hendrick- 
son of Shrewsbury township. Both 
deeds are dated April 30, 1791. One 
conveys to Cornelius Luyster of Middle- 
town, ten acres of land, being part of 
the lands which William Hendrickson, 
late of the township of Middletown. 
died seized of and which said Daniel 
Hendrickson claims title in part as an 
heir-at-law of his father, William Hen- 
drickson. aforesaid, and in part by a 
quit claim deed from Catharine Hen- 
drickson, (Remsen) daughter of said 
William Hendrickson deceased, as one 
of his heirs at law. The ten acre tract 
is described as beginning at a maple 
tree on the west side of Mahoras brook, 
adjoining Luyster's land and the north- 
east corner of Daniel Hendrickson's 
cleared land. 

The second deed conveys to Peter 
Luyster a tract of woodland containing 
20 acres, which William Hendrickson 
died seized of. and goes on to set out 
Daniel's title as in first deed. This 
land is described as beginning at the 
corner of the ten acre tract conveyed 
to Cornelius Luyster, and runs along 
line of this lot to Mahoras brook, and 
along said brook, etc. 

In Book L of Deeds, p. 97, etc., Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office, is record of 
a deed dated April 4, 1797, from Colonel 
Daniel Hendrickson of Shrewsbury 
township to Daniel Hendrickson. Jr.. t 
of Upper Freehold, and John S. Holmes 
of Middletown. in which it is set out 
that said Daniel Hendrickson. Sr.. be- 
ing justly indebted to several persons 
in the sum of £1,720 ($8,600), and the 
said Daniel Hendrickson. Jr.. (his son) 
and John S. Holmes, (his son-in-law) 
being engaged jointly with him, said 

tin Book M of Deeds, page 473. etc.. Mon- 
mouth county clerk's office is record of a deed 
from Jacob Hendrickson and John Pothetaus, 
, of John Polhemus. deceased, to Gar- 
Wyckoff of Upper Freehold, dated March 
18. 1794. which sets out that John Polhemus. 
late of Upper Freehold, deceased, was seized 
of 21:: 6S-100 acres in Upper Freehold, by deed 
from James Holmes dated May 1. 1732. and 
that said John Polhemus. hy his will dated 
June 7, 17S8. authorized and directed his ex- 
ecutors to sell the land generally described as 
bounded westward by Daniel I "endrickson's 
land in part and in part by Joel Clayton. 
Timothy Hankins. and Amos Miller : easterly 
by said Garret Wyckoff's land, and northerly 
by John Britton's mill pond and brook below 
sai.l pond. This deed is witnessed by Daniel 
Hendrickson. Jr.. and Samuel Imlay. and it 
shows where Daniel Hendrickson, Jr., lived in 
Upper Freehold. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH 



Daniel Hendrickson, Sr., for the pay- 
ment of said sum, he thereby sells and 
conveys all his real estate to them to 
secure them for these liabilities, etc. 
In same Book L of Deeds, p. 100, etc., 
is record of another deed from Daniel 
Hendrickson, Sr., of Shrewsbury town- 
ship, to Daniel Hendrickson, Jr., of 
Upper Freehold, John S. Holmes and 
John Holmes of Middletown township. 
Catharine Remsen, widow of Jacob 
Remsen of New York city, and Rutgers 
VanBrunt of Kings county. L. I. This 
deed dated April 5, 1797, sets out that 
Daniel Hendrickson, Sr., grantor, being 
justly indebted to Daniel Hendrickson, 
Jr., of Upper Freehold, 'John S. Holmes 
and John Holmes of Middletown, Cath- 
arine Remsen and Rutgers VanBrunt 
of New York, does sell and convey them 
in settlement of said indebtedness all 
his real estate, consisting of several 
tracts of land at and near Tinton Falls 
in Shrewsbury township. Then follows 
description of these lands and state- 
ment: That the first two tracts at 
Tinton Falls, on which grist and saw 
mill stands, he claims title under a 
deed from Tunis Vanderveer dated May 
10, 1773. The third tract by deed from 
John Morris dated May 25, 1783. and 
fourth tract by deed from Nicholas 
VanBrunt dated May 1. 1784. 

Like many other officers of the Rev- 
olution he served his country at a sac- 
rifice. The seven years of war and con- 
fusion ruined his business. The raids 
of the refugees of which he was a vic- 
tim two or three times, caused him 
great loss. The depreciation of the 
continental currency had also depreci- 
ated the value of his real estate, and 
there was no sale for real estate except 



-John S. Holmes left a will. |.n.v..,l \ngust 
25. 1821, recorded at Freehold in Book B. p. 
257. etc. Provides for his wife Sarah. Gives 
$7,500 to each of his four daughters, together 
with his jurist mill and carding machines, viz: 
Mary, who married Albert VanBrunt ; Cath- 
arine, who married Daniel H. Ellis of Free- 
hold ; Emma, who married George Taylor of 
Freehold, and Eleanor, who married Charles 
rlasbr6uck. All residue of his property, both 
real and personal, he gives to his two sons, 
Daniel and John H. in fee. 



at 


. a ruino 


us 


sacrifice. 


cc 


impelled i 


:o r 


nake this 


hi 


s lands 




these ne 


order to pr 


eve 


it an ent 



in 



forced or sheriffs sale. 

Colonel Daniel Hendrickson died soon 
after this assignment, probably dis- 
couraged and broken hearted over his 
troubles and sorrows. When and where 
he died is unknown. Neither is his 
place of burial known. He lies in an 
unknown and unmarked grave. Such 
is the gratitude of a republic. 

We find Daniel Hendrickson and 
Elizabeth, his wife, of Upper Freehold, 
and John S. Holmes and Sarah, his 
wife of Middletown, by deed dated 
August 9, 1799, recorded in Book M oi 
Deeds, p. 98, etc., Monmouth clerk's 



Hi. . 



thi 



no- 



lo Colonel Barnes Smock, 
tract at Tinton Falls on wl 
and saw mill and other buildi 
with benefit of millpond and stream as 
far as Colonel Daniel Hendrickson's 
dec'd, right extended. Also a tract ol 
12 50-100 acres near Tinton Falls 
which tracts with other lands wen 
sold by Lewis Morris Ashfield, Esci.. tc 
Jacob VanDerveer by deed dated Mas 
5, 1762, and then sold at sheriff's sail 
January 28, 1772. to Tunis Vanderveei 
and by him sold to Col. Daniel Hen- 
drickson by deed dated May 10, 177:: 

and by him to above grantors by d 

dated April 5, 1797; also 96 65-100 acres 



if the 



id fr 



Fal 



to Middletown. 

Book N of Deeds, p. 184, etc, is 
d of a deed from Daniel Hendrick- 
ind Elizabeth, his wife, of Upper 
lold. to John S. Holmes of Middle- 



In Book O of Deeds, p. 109, etc. is 
record of a deed from Daniel Hendrick- 
son and Elizabeth, his wife, of Upper 
Freehold, and John S. Holmes and 
Sarah, his wife, of Middletown. to Jacob 
Hubbard, dated April 25, 1800, convey- 
ing 19 y 2 acres of land which Col. Daniel 
Hendrickson owned in his lifetime. 



ACCOUNT OF A RAID OF TORY REFUGEES 
IN THE YEAR 1779. 



The following account of a raid on 
Col. Daniel Hendrickson at Tinton Falls 
by a party of refugees is taken from 
files of the New Jersey Gazette now in 
our state library in Trenton: 

"On June 9, 1779, a party of about 50 
refugees landed in Monmouth and 
marched to Tinton Falls undiscovered, 
where they surprised and carried off 
Col. Daniel Hendrickson, Col. Wyckoff, 
Capt. Chadwick, Capt. McKnight with 
several privates of the militia, and 
drove off sheep and horned cattle. About 
thirty of our militia hastily collected 

repulsed with loss of two men killed 
and ten wounded. Loss of enemy un- 
known." 

Thomas Chadwick and Richard Mc- 
Knight were both captains of the Mon- 
mouth militia and the latter was a son- 
in-law of Col. Daniel Hendrickson. 
Auke Hendrickson was a miller by oc- 
cupation and a lieutenant in Captain 
Peter Wyckoff's company from Upper 
Freehold. At this time he was employed 
in Col. Hendrickson's grist mill at Tin- 
ton Falls. Col. Hendrickson had col- 
lected quite a magazine of powder, arms 
and other military stores at Tinton 
Falls for the use of our county 'troops. 
Besides he had ground a large quantity 
of flour and meal for use of the Amer- 
ican army. It is said that he had bor- 
rowed from his relatives, Mrs. Cathar- 
ine Remsen and his father-in-law, Van- 
Brunt, in New York, £1,000 ($5,000). 
which he had used in the purchase of 
these stores. The spies of the enemy 
had carried information to the refugees 
on Sandy Hook and hence this raid, 
which entailed great pecuniary loss to 
Col. Hendrickson. 

The notorious James Moody in an ac- 
count of his career, dictated by him and 
published in London, England, after the 
close of our Revolutionary War, gives 
his version of this raid. 

He says that on June 10, 1779, he was 
at Sandy Hook and in command of six- 
teen men. There he asked a friend 
named Hutchinson, who had six men 
and some guides, to assist him on an 
expedition against the rebels in Mon- 
mouth county. 

They started from Sandy Hook for 
Shrewsbury village and eluding the 
rebel guards reached a place called the 
Falls undiscovered, and surprised and 
made prisoners, one colonel, one lieu- 



tenant-colonel, one major, two captains 
and other persons of lesser note. They 
destroyed a considerable magazine of 
powder and arms. With their prisoners 
and such stores as they could carry or 
bring off, Hutchinson took charge of, 
while Moody and his men remained in 
the rear. They were pursued by double 
their numbers. Moody with his sixteen 
men made a stand and kept up such a 
sharp fire on the rebels as to hold them 
back, while Hutchinson moved on with 
the prisoners and plunder. 

After Hutchinson had got a consid- 
erable distance ahead. Moody and his 
men would fall back. When they 
reached another good place thev would 
make another stand, until in this way 
they reached Black Point (now Sea- 
bright). Here they transported their 
prisoners and plunder over the inlet. 
The rebels were reinforced by ten men 
and made a determined attack, in which 
Captain Chadwick and Lieutenant Auke 
Hendrickson were shot dead. Moody 
says there was something peculiarly 
shocking in the death of the rebel cap- 
tain. He was shot through by Moody 
while with most bitter oaths and 
threats of vengeance, after having once 
missed fire he was again leveling his 
gun at him. That after three men were 
killed and a number of others lay 
wounded, the rebels raised a flag of 
truce and asked for cessation of hostil- 
ities to remove their dead and wounded. 
This was agreed to on condition that 
they were allowed to remove and take 
away all their plunder. Moody says 
their goods and stores taken were sold 
for £500 ($2,500) and the money all div- 
ided among the men who were with him 
in this raid. 

Moody may have had only 16 men of 
his own and six of Hutchinson's when 
he started but he had at least fifty 
when he reached Tinton Falls before 
daylight. They found our men in bed 
and wholly unprepared. They threw a 
large quantity of powder in the mill 
pond and broke the guns. They seized 
all the horses and wagons they could 
find at Tinton Falls and vicinity and 
loaded them with a large quantity of 
stores, meal and flour from the mill, 
together with all the provisions and 
goods of value they could find. They 
drove off all the sheep and cattle on 
the farms around there, besides slaugh- 
tering several hogs, whose carcasses 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS <>/•' MOXMOl'TH. 



they took off in one of the wagons. 
They collected all this plunder and 
moved off down the road towards 
Shrewsbury village before our militia 
could gather. Then not over thirty men 
were in our force when they began 
their pursuit. They overtook the rear 
guards commanded by Moody in person 
somewhere in the vicinity of what is 
now Fair Haven. He, however, had all 
his prisoners stationed close by his 
men, so that our people could not fire, 
without endangering their lives as 
much as those of the refugees. 

Thus holding back our force he al- 
lowed Hutchinson with his train of 
wagons, cattle and sheep to get well in 
advance. Then falling back, still with 
the prisoners as shields to his men, he 
slowly followed. In this way they 
reached Black Point. There our people 
had ten more men to join them, and 
made a sharp attack on their flank 
while they were getting their plunder 
over the inlet. In the confusion Cap- 
tain Chadwick and Lieutenant Auke 
Hendrickson broke loose from the 
enemy and ran over to our men. Lieu- 
tenant Hendrickson was a man of fiery 
temper and Captain Chadwick also was 
very excitable and passionate under 
provocation. The tantalizing and un- 
fair way in which they had been used 
and treated while prisoners, by Moody 
had exasperated both to the verge of 
insanity. As soon as Lieutenant Hen- 
drickson reached our line he grabbed a 
musket which had been discharged, and 
at once turned and ran towards Moody 
with loud threats and imprecations for 
his cowardly usage. His gun, of course, 
missed fire and he was shot down by 
Moody. Captain Chadwick, who had 
also turned on them, was killed at the 
same time by some of the other refu- 
gees. 

Some ten of our men were also 
wounded which made any further effort 
useless. A flag of truce was raised and 
Moody agreed to allow the removal of 
our dead and wounded provided they 
were permitted to carry off all their 
plunder. Like Captain Joshua Huddy. 
Captain Dennis, Lieutenant Whitlock, 
and many other patriots of our Revolu- 
tion, who gave up their lives for Amer- 
ican independence. Captain Chadwick 
and Lieutenant Auke Hendrickson lie 



in unknown and unmarked graves. 
Surely this is a reproach and a shame 
to the people of Monmouth county. 

Daniel Hendrickson, son of Col. Dan- 
iel Hendrickson and Catharine Van- 
Brunt, his wife, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Barzillai Grover. He re- 
sided in Upper Freehold township and 
carried on a grist mill located on Doc- 
tor's Creek in that township. I think 
this mill was at Red Valley, although 

had the following children: 

William, born June 2, 1782. married 
and removed to one of the western 
states. 

Barzillai, born February 19, 17 8-1. 
married Elizabeth Horsefull. He owned 
and conducted the Union hotel at Free- 
hold during the thirties of last century. 

Daniel, born May IS, 1786, died un- 
married. His will was proved Septem- 
ber 18. 1862, and recorded in Book G 
of Wills, page 470 at Freehold. Makes 
a bequest to his sister Theodosia, wife 
of Forman Hendrickson, and if chad, 
to her daughter Eliza, wife of Jacob 
Ellis. He gives to George Imlay $100, 
and residue of his property to his nep- 
hews, Enoch Hendrickson and Richard 
M. Hendrickson. 

Joseph, born March 14, 1788. 

James G., born February 11). 1791, 
married March 3, 1813, Hannah Morris. 

Samuel, born July 26. 1793, married 
Phoebe Mount. 

Theodosia, born November 2. 1795, 
married Forman, son of Jacob Hen- 
drickson and Elizabeth Mount, his wife. 

Richard Hov. ell. born November 2, 
1 7 ! i r> . married Lyde Perrine. 

Katharine, born June 29, 1797. mar- 
ried Peter Imlay. 

John B., born January 26. 1799. mar- 
ried Parmilla Grover. 

Enoch, born April 7, 1802, married 
Achsah Parker. 

Pierson, born July 31, 1803, married 
August 7, 1823, Sarah VanDorn. This 
last son resided many years at Tinton 
Falls, where he carried on a country 
store. 

Elizabeth Hendrickson. the mother of 
these ten boys and two girls, made her 
will January 27, 1843. proved December 
6. 1851. recorded at Freehold in Book F 
of Wills, page 107, etc. 



CHILDREN OF DANIEL HENDRICKSON AND 
CATHARINE VANDYKE, HIS WIFE. 



Annetje. (Ann) the eighth child of 
above named parents, was baptized 
December 30, 1711, married 1732, Wil- 
liam, son of Jacob Couwenhoven and 
Saartje Schenck, his wife. Their names 
appear as communicants on records of 
the Dutch church in 1741 as follows: 

"Wilm Couwenhoven and Antje Hen- 
drikze, his wife." 

They had three children, viz: 

Saartje (Sarah) born in 1733, married 
Jacob, (born 1730) son of William Wyckoff 
and Agnes VanDorn. his wife. Their license 
was granted January 7. 1754. She died August 
25, 1796. and her husband .March 5. 1812, ac- 
cording to their headstones in Tennent church 

Daniel, baptized March 30, 1737, married 
August 23. 1757, Helena, daughter of George 
Taylor, and died December 26. 18(18, according 
to inscription on his tombstone in Lippet and 
Taylor burying ground on the old Daniel J. 
Ilendrickson farm, now owned by the Morfor.ls 
at east end of Middletown village. An old 
Bible with name of "Rebecca Covenhoven" 
written on front leaf, as owner, contains the 
following family record: 

"Daniel Covenhoven. born January 27, 1737. 
Helena Covenhoven, his wife, was born Feb- 
ruary 10. 1737, married August 23, 1757. 

Anne Covenhoven, their daughter, was born 
July 9, 1758. about nine o'clock in the fore- 

Rebecka Covenhoven. born March 27, 1761. 
about five o'clock in the afternoon. 

William Covenhoven. born April 7, 1763. 
about five o'clock in the morning. 

George Covenhoven, born December 13, 1767, 
about three o'clock in the afternoon. 

Daniel G. Conover and Sarah Ann Cooper 
were married December 16. 1818." 

Jacob, third child, was baptized October 14, 



William Conover, as name is now 
spelled, the father of above three chil- 
dren, died intestate in 1742. Letters of 
administration on his estate were 
granted October 17. 1742, to his widow, 
Ann. his brother Ruliph, and his broth- 
er-in-law, William Hendrickson. The 
widow, however, did not remain long in 
mourning for she married March 17. 
1744. William Couwenhoven, (born July 
20, 1700: died November 10, 1755) son of 
Cornelius Couwenhoven and Margaret 
Schenck. his wife, of Pleasant Valley. 
He, too, had lost his first wife. Jannetje 
Wyckoff and buried her by his father 
in the Schenck-Couwenhoven cemetery. 



two children, a son and daughter, viz: 
Cornelius, born February 11, baptized 
April 7, 1746; married January 13, 1767. 
Mary (born December 6, 1740. died Jan- 
uary 3, 1860), daughter of Hendrick 
Hendrickson and Neeltje Schenck, his 
wife and heretofore mentioned. He 
died October 10, 1806, aged 60 years, 7 
months, 27 days, according to his head- 
stone in Schenck-Couwenhoven yard. 
His will is recorded in Book A of Wills 
at Freehold. 

By Mary Hendrickson he had follow- 
ing four children: 

Anne, baptized December 6. 1767 ; married 
October 13, 1785, Abram VanHorne. 

Nelly, baptized February 24, 1771 : married 
December 14, 1790, Cornelius VanHorne. 

Lydia, baptized December 20, 1778 : married 
January 22, 1807, Daniel Polhemus .if Mid.il- 
sex county, N. J. 

William Hendrick, baptized June 2, 1782. 
died unmarried September 26, 1805, and is 
buried by his father, grandfather, and great- 
grandfather in Schenck-Couwenhoven yard. 

Catharine, the only daughter, was 
baptized April 16, 1749; married Jan- 
uary 15, 1767, Nicholas VanBrunt. son 
of Nicholas VanBrunt and Geesye Hen- 
drickson, his wife, whose names appear 
as communicants in records of the 
Dutch church in 1731. This Geesye 
Hendrickson was a sister of Daniel and 
William Hendrickson. the pioneer 
settlers. Nicholas VanBrunt was Sher- 
iff of Monmouth county in 1778. He 
removed all the prisoners in our county 
jail to Morris county before the British 
army reached Freehold in June, 1778. 
He and Colonel Daniel Hendrickson 
were deputies to the Provincial Con- 
gress of New Jersey from Shrewsbury 
township in 1775. He was an active 
and zealous patriot during the Revolu- 
tion and a Captain in the militia. 

By Catharine Couwenhoven, his wife, 
he had following children: 

Cornelius, baptized July 23, 1769. 
Nicholas, baptized August 4, 1771. 
Antje, baptized May 8. 1774. 
Mary, baptized June 25. 1775. 
Hendrick. baptized April 5, 1778. 
Daniel Covenhoven, baptized April 30, 1780 : 
died young. 

Sarah Wyckoff, baptize.! September 28. 1781. 
Daniel Conover. baptize. 1 Nmemlicr IS. 1787. 



lly thi 



•ond marriage the 



si,. 



Xii-h.. 



EARL) DUTCH SETTLERS OL MO.XMOUTH . 






years after the close of the Revolution- 
ary War, sold his farm near Tinton 
Falls to Col. Daniel Hendrickson and 
removed with his family to Cherry 
Valley, New York, where he lived the 
rest of his life. 

Francyntje, (Frances) the ninth child 
of Daniel Hendrickson and Catharine 
VanDyke, his wife, married 1731, Teunis 
(born June 15, 1704, died June 10, 1797), 
son of Denyse Denyse and Helen Cor- 
telyou, his wife, of New Utrecht, L. I. 
She was his second wife, as he first 
married Catharine, a daughter of Hen- 
driek VanDyke, by whom he had one 
daughter named Helena, born March 14. 
1728; married April 17, 1759. Samuel 
Forman (born November 13, 1713; bap- 
tized February 13, 1714; died January 
18, 1792), a son of Jonathan Forman 
and Margaret Wyckoff, his wife. She 
died January 20, 1789, and is buried by 
her husband in old burying ground at 
Mt. Pleasant or Freneau station. 

Teunis Denyse married for his third 
wife, December 2, 1779, Rachel, daugh- 
ter of Garret Sclienck and Neeltje Voor- 
hees, his wife, and the widow of Geis- 
bert Longstreet and Jacob VanDorn. It 
was the third venture of both in the 
lottery of matrimony. History not only 
repeats itself with nations, but with 
individuals, for we have today in Mon- 
mouth county a lineal descendant of 
Teunis Denise, who not only bears the 
same name, but has been married three 
times and whose second wife was also 
a Hendrickson. 

Tunis Denyse made bis will April 2, 
1792. proved January 16. 1798, and rec- 
orded in Book 37 of Wills, page 350 at 
Trenton. N. J. His son Daniel and son- 
in-law, John Forman, are named as ex- 
ecutors. His sons-in-law were among 
the most influential and prominent of 
the patriots during the revolution. 

Francyntje Hendrickson and Tunis 
Denyse, her husband, had the following 
children: 

Tryntje. (Catharine) born May 8, 1732: died 
September s. 1771. married Garret Hendrick- 
son, (born January 22, 1734 : died December 2, 
1801) who has already been mentioned in a 
former article. 

Eleanor, baptized May 26. 1734 ; married 
John Forman, (born 1731. died 1811) son of 
Samuel Forman and Mary, his wife. Their 
license was granted May 2. 1752. John Forman 
served as one of our county judges. She died 
in 1796. 

Anna, born June 16, 1736 ; married June 16, 
1757, David Forman, (born October 1, 1733; 
died March 30, 1812) son of Jonathan Forman 
and Margaret Wyckoff. his wife. Their license 
was granted June 9, 1757, according to records 
in secretary of state's office. She died Septem- 
ber 9. 1798, and is buried in Tennent church 
yard. David Forman was Brigadier General 



anil one ot tin- most energetic and active ot 
the patriotic leaders. On account of his 
swarthy complexion he was called Black David 

Nuis or Denyse baptized January 4, 1738, 

Jannetje (Jane) born August 19. baptized 
October 2, 1740, married Cornelius R.. (horn 
July 29, baptized September 11. L740, did July 
12, 1796) son of Roelof Cornelius Couwenhoven 
and Sarah Voorhees, his wife. Their license 
was granted December 5, 1758. She died 
March 26, 1799. and is buried by her husband 
in Schenck-Couwenhoven yard. This couple 
had ten children, three boys and seven daugh- 
ters, who all married well. * 

Fammetje (Phoebe) born August 11, bap- 
tized September 4, 1743: married October 19. 
1765, Rev. Benjamin DuBois, the famous pas- 
tor for over 50 years of the Monmouth Dutch 
church. He was 1 
died August 12, Fi-.... 
1SH». and is buried by her husband in yard of 
Marlboro Dutch church. 

Denyse, baptized December 22, 1745 : mar- 
ried April 17, 1768, Margaret, daughter of 
Richard and Sara Francis, who died April 18. 
1770. aged 22 years, 10 months, 24 days, ac- 
cording to her headstone in Topanemus bury- 
ing ground where she is interred by her par- 
ents. He married for his second wife Cath- 
arine, daughter of Garret Garretse Schenck 
and Jannetze Williamse Couwenhoven. his 
wife. She was baptized September 5. 1756. 
Denyse Denyse was a major of our militia and 
also a judge in our county courts during and 
subsequent to the Revolution. 

Daniel, baptized May 15, 1748, married first 
April 18, 1771, Jane Schenck, who was born 
in 1754; married second, Mary Stillwell. Bur- 



::; Marriages of the ten children of Cornelius 
R. Couwenhoven and Jane Denise. his wife, 
from records of the Dutch church. 

Francinke, to Hendrick Hendrickson, May 
13, 1781. 

Teunis to Hannah VanBrockle. March 19, 
1783. 

Sarah, to Robert Ashton, June 21, 1783. 

Mary, to Samuel Forman. March 12. 1789. 

Rulif, to Sarah Vanderveer, January 12, 

Catherine, to John Vanderveer, April 7, 
1791. 

Margaret, to Teunis Hobburt (Hubbard) 
January 5, 1797. 

Eleanor, to Caleb Stillwell, December 10, 

Jane, to Matthias or Martin Covenhoven. 
March 10. 1804. She was his first wife and 
died December 12, 1820, aged 40 years, 9 

Cornelius R-, to Mary Stoutenburg. March 
9. 1807. 

Cornelius R. Covenhoven died April 11, 1817, 
aged .13 years. 1 1 months, x days. Mary Stout- 
enburg, his wife, died April 29. 1861, aged 74 
years. 24 days. They were the parents of 
Holmes Conover, who married Caroline, 
daughter of James G. Crawford, and died May 
22. 1860. aged 52 years, 4 months, 13 days. He 
was sheriff of Monmouth county. I is wifa 
died August 28, 1843. aged 24 years. Burieo. 
in Schenck-Couwenhoven cemetery, but after- 
ward removed to Holm 



EARLY PU1CH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



led in old yard near East Freehold. 

Mary, born July 9, 1750; married July 31. 
17(17. John S'chenck, the famous leader of our 
militia during the Revolution. He was born 
AuRust 28. 1745. and died August 28. 1834, on 
the farm in Pleasant Valley where his grand- 
son, David Schenck. now resides. She died 
July 15, 1S29. Both were first buried in 
Schenck and Couwenhoven yard, but with 
many others have been since removed, or 
rather what little was left of their bodies has 
been removed and their tombstones set up in 
the Holmdel cemetery. 

John Schenck, who married this 
youngest daughter, was next to Gen. 
David Forman, his brotherin-law, one 
of the most active and daring of the 
officers of our county militia. So troub- 
lesome was he that the enemy offered 
a reward of fifty guineas for his cap- 
ture or death. 

An attempt to capture the notorious 
tory, mayor of New York city, David 
Matthews, by some Monmouth men led 
by John Schenck and William Marriner, 
was perhaps the primary cause of this 
offer. This was a very bold move and 
failed of success through the absence 
of Mayor Matthews from home that 
night. He had been accidentally de- 
tained in New York city. 

The kidnapping of prominent patriots 
in Monmouth by raiding bands of refu- 
gees was of frequent occurrence, and 
their treatment as prisoners of the 
harshest kind. It is said that Cunning- 
ham often boasted when in liquor, that 
he had used up more rebels by starva- 
tion and neglect than the whole British 
army had killed by their bullets and 
bayonets. At all events reprisals or 
retaliations of some kind were the only- 
means left to compel decent treatment 
and exchange of prisoners. According- 
ly it was resolved to capture David 
Matthews and two or three other prom- 
inent loyalists w^ho resided at Flatbush, 
L. I., and within the lines of the British 
army. John Schenck had a number of 
relatives living in the vicinity of Flat- 
bush, and when a boy had often visited 
them and so became well acquainted 
with the country and roads. Marriner 
presented this plan to the council of 
safety who sanctioned it. 

Nearly every neighborhood through 
which a large stream or creek flowed 
into Raritan river, and from Cheese- 
quake creek to Compton's creek along 
the Bayshore had its association of 
men to own and man what was called 
a whaleboat. Raritan Bay was wholly 
guns of the British 
people were obliged 
up in some swamp 
rge barges or gun 



ided 



boats were kept well up Raritan river. 
The usual crew of a whaleboat on the 
patriot side was fifteen men, of whom 
one steered and gave commands while 
the others rowed. Picked men of great 
physical strength and endurance were 
selected. The least sign of cowardice 
on part of a man led to his instant dis- 
missal from the crew. They were 
trained to row without noise and could 
propel the boat at the rate of twelve 
miles an hour. Each man was armed 
with a cutlass and pistols, and the boat 
supplied with a few pikes and hooks 
on long poles, a few grappling irons, 
lanterns and heavy blankets. 

These boats were about thirty Ceet 
in length with flat bottoms to float in 
shoal water, wide in the centre with 
high sides to carry big loads, and point- 
ed on both ends. They were called 
whaleboats, but altogether different 
from the small boats used in the whale 
fishery. They were built of cedar or 
some other light wood so that they 
could be lifted from the water and car- 
ried over land by the crew and conceal- 
ed in some swamp or ravine up in the 
woods. These boats were originally 
built to carry on a secret traffic with 
the enemy and smuggle goods back and 
forth. A whale boat loaded with butter, 
eggs, poultry and other farm truck, in 
summer, and hay, grain, firewood, etc., 
in winter, slipping out of the inlets, or 
rivers on our coast were safe from cap- 
ture on the ocean or bay unless inter- 
cepted by the whale-boats of the pa- 
triots. Coming back with the specie or 
other valuable goods after trading with 
the enemy, they were valuable prizes 

ports loaded with munitions of war and 
other supplies for the British army in 
occupation of New York were constant- 
ly coming and going out of Raritan 
Bay. A constant demand existed for 
fresh provisions on part of the people 
within the British Im.s and there was 
a constant traffic I" supply .Irs demand. 

this region back of Middletown Point, 
as Matawan was then called, who had 
two whale-boats hid in the ravines 
southeast of the village. These men 
were seen by John Schenck and agreed 
to help him and Marriner in their raid. 
The first cloudy or dark night was 
agreed on. This happened the second 
Saturday in June. 1778. Eleven of the 
regular crew met Marriner and Schenck 
at Brown's Point late in the afternoon. 
The boat was taken from its hiding 
place and launched in the Creek a little 
after sunset. The sky was overcast 
with clouds and there was .very indi- 



EARLY DUTCH SIC TILERS (>/■ MOXMOUTH. 



cati 



Jrty 



red 



directly across to Staten Island, and 
guided by the lights which shone out 
from the houses on land skirted the 
shore until they reached the Narrows. 
Here they rowed across and landed 
some distance above what is now Fort 
Hamilton. Leaving two men in charge 
of the boat and guided by John Schenck 
they went over to Flatbush. They 
reached here about midnight and effect- 
ed a noiseless entrance into the dwell- 
ing of Mayor Matthews. The women 
were placed in one room under guard, 
but the mayor was not at home. They 
took however, four of his negro slaves. 
At the next house they captured a 
Major Monerieff and a Mr. Bache. With 
these two white men and four negroes 
they got back to their boat without ex- 
citing the least alarm. They rowed 
back and reached the mouth of Mat- 
awan creek with their six prisoners by 
daylight next morning. A newspaper 
of that day in speaking of this raid 
says they traveled over fifty miles be- 
tween six o'clock Saturday night and 
six o'clock next morning and behaved 
with the greatest prudence and bravery. 
This spiriting away of prominent men 
at night from their homes within the 
British lines naturally aroused great 
alarm. No one felt safe or secure 
against capture and same treatment as 
they gave the American prisoners. 
Their fears made them more humane. 

Following is the British account of 
the Flatbush raid from the journal of 
Lieut. Col. -Stephen Kemble. published 
in N. Y. Hist. Collection for year 1883, 
Vol. 1. pages 151-2. 

"Sunday, June 14, 1778. About 2 
o'clock this morning, a party, said to 
be about 20 men, some armed, others 
not, with faces blacked, took off Major 
Moncreiffe and Mr. Bache. Attempted 
the Mayor. Mr. Matthews' house, but it 
being well fastened, and a shot being 
fired, which they apprehended might 
give the alarm, induced them to go off, 
with the two first mentioned gentle- 
men, supposed into Jersey, but at this 
time no certain account can be g-iven. 
All else is quiet." 

In this account the Mayor is left out 
as though he was home and his house 
fastened, but the truth is he was not 
at home, and if a shot had been fired 
it would have created an alarm as the 
British sentinels were posted all around 
for Flatbush was within their lines. 

Jannetje. (Jane) the tenth child and 
youngest of the seven daughters of 
Daniel Hendrickson. was born and 
brought up on the homestead at Holm- 
del. She married Ruliph. (born March 



1, 1712) a son of Jacob Couwenhoven 
and Saartje Schenck, his wife, their 
nearest neighbors. She had known him 
from her earliest recollections. They 
had played and romped together, sung 
Dutch nursery songs and followed the 
customs and usages which prevailed at 
that time among their own people. The 
same characteristics, manners and us- 
ages marked them as those described 
by Miss Gertrude Defferts Vanderbilt in 
her book called "The Social History of 
Flatbush and the Manners and Customs 
of the Dutch in Kings County. L. I." 
They were the children of these Long 
Island people and were like them in all 
respects, for the "Dutch were not given 
to change but were stable in all their 
ways." It was not until the Revolu- 
tionary war tore up the foundations of 
society and government, that there was 
any great change in families and class- 
es. Up to this time the Dutch language 
was generally used in family infer- 



tile 



The 



brought up in Pleasant Valley. Holmdel 
township, who can remember when 
children, of hearing and singing the 
words of the following Dutch nursery 
song which Miss Vanderbilt has pub- 
lished in her book: 

Trip, a trop, a tronjes, 

De Varkens in de boonjes, 

De Koejes in de Klaver. 

De paarden in de haver, 

De eenjes in de waterplass. 

So groot myn Kleine Claus-was." 

These lullabies and a few words like 
"stoep," "Mickey." "paas." "skipper" 
and "baas" (boss) are the last linger- 
ing echoes of the mother tongue once 
spoken by those old settlers in Mon- 
mouth who came from Kings county on 
Long Island. 

There is a wide difference in the 
spirit and sentiment expressed in these 
lullabies of the Dutch, from those of 
the English, or Mother Goose melodies' 
as called. 

The former represented people and 
animals comfortable and contented, 
pleasant associations and memories, 
and cheerful and sunny prospects. Or 
they inculcated some lesson of indus- 
try, economy, faithfulness or other 
everyday virtue. Their saint Santa 
Claus was jolly and benevolent, always 
doing generous and kindly acts. But 
childhood and youthful days soon pass. 
On the 12th of August A. D. 1741, Jan- 
netje Hendrickson married Ruliph Cou- 
wenhoven. Their marriage license is 
published in full on page 34 of Wells' 
Memorial Address at Brick Church. It 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



was signed by Lewis .Morris so prom- 
inent in the early history of Monmouth 
county, but at that time Governor of 
New Jersey. These licenses are all 
recorded in secretary, of state's office at 
Trenton and in annexed note is a list 
from the records of all licenses issued 
to the Hendricksons and Hendricks in 
Monmouth county, between 1748 and 
1772. Jannetje and Ruliph Couwen- 
hoven .her husband, had three children, 
viz: 

Sarah, bapt. August 12. 1742, married in 
1763 Benjamin (baptized October 10. 1742) 
son of Benjamin VanCieaf and Helina or 
Neeltje Couwenhoven, his wife. 

Daniel, baptized January 15, 1744. No other 
knowledge. 

Catrina. baptized Feb. 16. 1746, married 
February 28, 1765, David (baptized September 
25, 1748) son of Tunis Vanderveer and Aeltje 
Garretse Schenek, his wife. This couple had 
a son Tunis, who married December 12. 1792, 
Margaret, a daughter of Rev. Benjamin Du- 



Ruliph Couwenhoven died intestate 
in 1746. Letters of administration on 
his estate were granted same year to 
his brother, Peter Couvenhoven, and 
his brothers-in-law, William Hendrick- 
son and Tunis Denise. 

Jannetje, however, did not remain a 
widow long, for the next year, 1747, she 
married Peter, a son of Jan Schanck 
and Saartje Couwenhoven of Pleasant 
Valley. He had lost his first wife, Jan- 
netje VanNostrand or Ostrandt and was 
ready for another. By Peter Schenek 
she had following children: 

Roelef P., known as "Long Ruly" born Dec- 
ember 27. 1748, baptized January 22, 1749, 
married Elizabeth Gordon (born December 8, 
1757, died August 15, 1837) and died November 
26, 1814. Both buried in Tennent church yard. 

Jannetje. born June 1, bapt. July 28, 1751 ; 
married December 5. 1769, John Walter (born 
June 11, 1730, died October 11. 1775, according 
to his headstone in Schenck-Couwenhoven cem- 
etery) and died January 5. 1774. A son of 
' this couple named John Walter, is buried by 
them in above yard and his headstone gives 
date of his death October 13. 1837. aged 66 
years and 11 months. 

Antje, baptized September 30, 1753, mar- 
ried Garret Janse Couwenhoven. She was his 
second wife and died April 5, 1803. according 
to her headstone in yard of Marlboro Brick 
Church. Her children have been already 
named in Conover genealogy. 

Leah, baptized November 9. 1755. married 
November 30. 1775. John, (baptized August 26. 
1750) son of Benjamin VanCieaf and Neeltje 
or Helena Couwenhoven, his wife. 

Francyntje. baptized March 7, 1762. married 
February 5. 1803. William Nicolas. 

Neeltje. baptized June 17. 1759. No other 



retary of State between 1748 and 1772. 

Elizabeth, Monmouth, John Vanderbilt. 
Staaten Island. 20 May 1754. 

Catharine. Monmouth, Jacob Remsen. Sr., 
New York. 11 Aug. 1749. 

Mary, Monmouth, Corn's Conover, Mon- 
mouth. 12 July 1767. 

Neeltje, (widow) Monmouth. Elias Golden, 
Monmouth. 30 July 1761. 

Abram, Kings Co., Anna van Kirk, Mon- 
mouth. 23 May 1759. 

Albert. Monmouth. Johanna Mills, Mon- 
mouth, 3 Jan. 1755. 

Coonradt. Monmouth. Mary English, Mon- 
mouth, 18 June 1759. 

Cornelius. Monmouth, Mary Thorn. 28 Jan. 
1767. 



MnMI. sr\, Kleaimr van Mater. Mon- 



1758. 



Daniel, jr., Monmouth. Mary Schenek, Mon- 
mouth. 2 Sept. 1767. 

Garret. Monmouth, Catharine Denice, Mon- 
mouth. 8 Dec. 1755. 

Hendrick, Middletown. Sara Thomson. Mid- 
dletown, 3 April 1751. 

Hendrick, Monmouth. Ledy Conover. Mon- 
mouth. 7 March 1757. 

Jacob, Monmouth, Elizabeth Mount. Mon- 
mouth, 2 May 1771. 

Tobias. Rebecca Coward. 21 March 1762. 

William, Charity Robinson. Monmouth. 21 



Monmouth, Mary Douglas, 22 Apr 
Monmouth, Rachel Longstreet, 2 
mmouth. Mar 



768. 



Wil 
Feb. 

Hendricks, Abraham, 
Wykoff. Monmouth. 17 Dec. 

Hendricks, Coonradt, R 
Knott. 17 June 1763. 

Hendricks, John, Monmoi 
31 Oct. 1759. 



Jannetje, to Roelof Covenhoven. Aug. 
Daniel, to Catherine Covenhoven. Dec. 



785. 
Cathari 



Lydia Vanderbilt, March 2 
Cornelius VanDerhove, Nc 



Hetldriek 



John, to Mary Lloyd. Nov. 27. 1793. 

Ida. to Joseph Kearney VanMater. Sept. 10. 
1794. 

Catharine, to Peter Brewer. Sept. 18. 1794. 

William, to Elizabeth Vanderrype. Nov. 26. 
1797. 

Mary, to William VanMater. Dec. 24, 1797. 

Catherine, to Jacobus Hubbert (Hubbard) 
May 2. 1798. 

Anne, to Garret Terhune. Oct. 3, 1799. 

Lydia. to Hendrick Brewer. March 16. 1802. 



EARLY DUTCH SET /'LEA'S OF MONMOUTH. 



William H„ to Eleanor DuHois. Jan. 2, 1812 
Pierson, to Sarah VanDorn, Aug. 7, 1823. 
Cyrenius, to Ida VanMater. Sept. 18, 1823. 



Pace 8 William, to Hannah Middleton. Feb. 

7, 1796. 

Page 35— Daniel, to Sarah Covenhoven. Dec. 
21. 1797. 

Page 40— Cornelius, to Catherine Reynolds, 
both of Freehold township. Sept. 26, 1799. 

Page 45— William, to Eleanor Emmons, both 
of Freehold township, April 4, 1800. 

Page 59— Cornelius, to Anne Smith (widow) 
April 11, 1802. 

Page 59— Hendricks. John, to Christianna 
VanDeventer, Aug. 15, 1802. 

Page 69— Hendrickson, Joseph, to Catherine 
Anderson, hoth of Freehold township, Nov. 20, 
1803. 

Page 96— Peter, to Catherine Cox, both of 
Upper Freehold township, Dec. 19. 1807. 

Page 85— Hendrick, of Middletown, to 
Helenah Longstreet of Shrewsbury township, 
Oct, 18, 1806. 

Page 88— Samuel, to Deborah Combs. Dec. 
6, 1803. 

Page 89— William, to Ruth Horsefull. June 
3. 1804. 

Page 148- Jacob, to Sarah Vanderveer. Feb. 
18. 1810. 

Page 148— Tobias, to Idah Conover, Feb. 10, 
1813. 

Page 160— James G.. to Hannah Morris, 
March 3. 1813. 

Page 161— Daniel, to Deborah Tilton. Jan. 
12, 1813. 

Page 209 — William, to Sarah Luyster. May 

8, 1816. 

Page 215— Joseph, to Elizabeth Hendrickson, 
June 1. 1816. 

Daniel, the eleventh and voungest 
child of the first Daniel, was born, 
lived, died and was buried on the home- 
stead at Holland in the present town- 
ship of Holmdel. which was devised to 
him by his father. He was born Jan- 
uary 5, baptized May 5, 1723, married 
December 22, 1743, Catherine (born 
June 2, 1720, died May 5. 1810,) the 
youngest child of Cornelius Couwen- 
hoven and Margaretta Schenck his wife, 
and died intestate June 24, 1788. The 
records in our secretary of state's office 
show that letters of administration on 
his estate were granted to his widow, 
July 31. 1788. 

The headstones at their graves in the 
family burying ground on the old 
homestead, give their names, dates of 
death and respective ages. Their son 
Hendrick, grandson William H. and 
great-grandson, the late Hon. William 
Henry Hendrickson. who all lived and 
died on this farm, are interred in this 
same burying ground. 



Daniel Hendrickson and his wife 
Catherine, with his eldest sister Geesye, 
and youngest sister Jannetje, joined 
the Dutch church of Monmouth to- 
gether in 1747. From this time to his 
death Daniel Hendrickson was very 
zealous and active in church work. In 
his own home he conducted regularly 
family worship by reading the Scrip- 
tures and prayer, and when requested, 
at the houses of his neighbors. Some- 
times when the regular minister was 
absent or sick he would conduct the 
services on Sunday from the pulpit. It 
is said that he could preach almost as 
good a sermon as the pastor himself. 
A sermon written by him and printed 
in the Dutch language was in the pos- 
session of the late Rev. Garret C. 
Schenck. whose first wife was his great- 
granddaughter. The Dutch settlers of 
Monmouth while not demonstrative, 
theatrical, or noisy in their religion or 
worship were nevertheless firm and 
practical believers in an everyday Prov- 
idence. 

"Trust in the Lord with all thine 
heart, and lean not unto thine own 
understanding," was a real conviction 
in their minds. Daniel Hendrickson 
voiced these convictions and sentiments 
so often, that he became known as 
"Dominie Dan'll Hendrickson" and was 
called "Dominie" to the dav of his 
death. Those of his numerous des- 
cendants who have followed in his foot- 
steps and who have lived and died on 
this fertile farm with its healthful sur- 
roundings, and beautiful scenery, and 
enjoyed the good will of their neigh- 
bors have good reason to say as "Dom- 
inie Daniel" did in his day: 

"Except the Lord build the house, 
they labor in vain that build it; except 
the Lord keep the city, the watchman 
waketh but in vain." 

"They that trust in the Lord, shall be 
as Mount Zion, which cannot be re- 
moved but abideth forever." 

"The sun shall not smite thee by 
dav, nor the moon by night." 

"The Lord shall preserve thee from 
all evil. He shall preserve thy soul." 

"The Lord shall preserve thy going 
out. and thy coming in from this time 
forth and even forever more." 

Daniel Hendrickson by Catherine 
Couwenhoven his wife, had following 
children: 

Daniel D., born October 29. baptized 
December 9. 1744: married Elizabeth 
(born June 21, 1763, died July 30, 1836.) 
a daughter of Daniel Stephenson or 
Stevenson, who owned the farm which 
lay adjacent to the Hendrickson home- 
stead at Holland on the north, ana 



EARL V 1H1CH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



being the same farm the late Hon. 
William B. Hendrickson lived and died 
on. Through this marriage he acquired 
the Stevenson farm for in the division 
of the real estate of his father no share 
was allotted to him. He probably had 
all the land he wanted and took his 
share in the personal property of his 
father. During the Revolutionary war 
he commanded a troop of light horse- 
men and rendered good service to the 
patriotic side. He has sometimes been 
confounded with his cousin. Colonel 
Daniel Hendrickson, who commanded 
the 3rd Regiment of Monmouth militia 
and resided at Tinton Falls. Like other 
officers of our militia he suffered great 
pecuniary loss through the neglect of 
his private business and devoting his 
time and means during the seven years' 
war to the American cause. He died 
November 23. 1836. and was over ninety- 
two years of age. He and his wife are 
buried on the farm where he lived. 
There are only four graves in this 
family burying ground which is near 
the residence of the late Hon. William 
B. Hendrickson. viz: these two and 
their son, Daniel D. and his wife. Cath- 
erine Bedle. 

Daniel D. Hendrickson and Elizabeth 
Stevenson, his wife, had two sons, viz: 
Daniel D. and William D. The latter 
married May 8, 1816, Sarah, (born July 
12. 1795, died October 15, 1821,) daugh- 
ter of John P. Luyster and Anne Cou- 
wenhoven, his wife. He died January 
14, 1823, aged 30 years, 2 months, 15 
days, according to his tombstone in the 
Luyster family burying ground at Hol- 
land. His will is recorded at Freehold 
in B of Wills, p. 316, etc. He left sur- 
viving two children, both daughters: 
one of them named Anne Luyster, mar- 
ried James Madison Burrows, the other 
Elizabeth Stephenson, married Joel 
Stout. Daniel D., the other son, was 
born April 22, 1786, married Catherine, 
(born September 28, 1787. died January 
12, 1859) daughter of Thomas Bedle. 
and died May 15. 1858. and was buried 
on the farm where he was born, lived 
and died. He was a Captain of a com- 
pany of militia of Monmouth county, 
which during the war of 1812 was sta- 
tioned at Sandy Hook, and was gener- 
ally known or called by the people 
"Captain Daniel Hendrickson." He was 
also active in the erection of the Dutch 
church at Middletown village in 1836. 

At the first meeting of those friendly 
to the erection of a Dutch church in 
Middletown village, held at the tavern 
of William Wilson in this village, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1836, he was appointed chair- 
man of the committee to select and 



purchase a location for the church 
edifice. He was also on the committee 
to oversee the work. His will was 
made August 18. 1851. proved June 24, 
1858, and recorded at Freehold in G of 
Wills, p. 133, etc. He gave the use of 
all his property to his widow for life 
and at her death he devised all his 
lands together with his personal prop- 
erty and "cider house and distillery" on 
the farm to his son. William B. Hen- 
drickson. This devise is subject to 
payments of certain sums to his eight 
living daughters and the children of 
his daughter. Martha Winters, deceased, 
and children of his son. Daniel B. Hen- 
drickson, deceased. 

Captain Daniel D. Hendrickson by 
Catherine Bedle. his wife, had three 
sons and ten daughters. One of the sons 
and one daughter died young, the others 
grew up and married. Only one of this 
large family is now living, viz: Hen- 
rietta, who married Daniel, son of 
James Wilson, who now (1901) owns 
and occupies the Wilson homestead. 
Mrs. Henrietta Wilson is still living on 
this farm adjacent to the one where she 
was born and raised. 

Daniel B„ one of Captain Daniel's 
sons, was married and settled on a farm 
at Nut Swamp where he died when a 
young man, leaving one son, Joseph A. 
Hendrickson, who now (1901) owns 
and resides on this farm, and is one of 
the prominent and respected farmers of 
Middletown township. 

William B., to whom the homestead 
was devised, was born February 10, 
1830, married November 24, 1852. Cath- 
erine, daughter of Joseph S. Applegate. 
Esq. He represented Monmouth county 
in the Assembly in 1872-3 and was one 
of the influential citizens of Middletown 
township. A sketch of his life and a 
fair likeness can be seen in Ellis' His- 
tory of Monmouth county. He died on 
the farm where he was born and al- 
ways lived, a few years ago. leaving 
two children, a son and daughter. Cor- 
nelius, second son of Daniel Hendrick- 
son and Catherine Couwenhoven. his 
wife, was born August 28. baptized Oct- 
ober 11. 1747, married March 24. 1784, 
Lvdia (baptized November 22, 1761. died 
October 22. 1822) daughter of Cornelius 
VanDerbilt and Margaretta Lamberson. 
his wife.* and died October 10. 1802. He 
and his wife are buried in family yard 
on the old Hendrickson homestead at 
Holland. He served during the Revolu- 
tion in his brother's. Captain Daniel 
Hendrickson's troop of light horsemen 
and also under Colonel Asher Holmes. 
After his father's death in 1788, his 
share in real estate was arranged by 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Cath< 



ind 



brothers Daniel D. and Hendrick. The 
principal tract deeded to him lay north 
of the present Daniel Wilson farm and 
east of Mahoras brook and extended 
well down toward Harmony school 
house. 

His son, Daniel C, was born January 
11, 1785, married January 12, 1813, to 
Deborah Tilton, by Rev. Benjamin Ben- 
nett, and died September 7, 1863. He is 
buried on the homestead farm at Hol- 
land. Cornelius also had two daugh- 
ters, who were both baptized June 15, 
1788, viz: first Margaret, who married. 
May 31, 1809, Daniel Herbert, died April 

5, 1883. Daniel Herbert died October 

6. 1836. aged 57 years, 3 months. 2 days. 
Both are buried in yard of Middletown 
Dutch church. Second Catherine, born 
January 8, 1788, married Murphy Tilton, 
died September 24, 1881. and is buried 
in family yard on homestead. 

Daniel C. Hendrickson and Deborah 
Tilton had a son Cornelius, born April 
17. 1814, married Mary, daughter of 
John G. Taylor and Elizabeth Couwen- 
hoven, his wife. Also a son, Daniel T.. 
born in 1822, married Deborah Ann 
Morris, and died March 26, 1857, aged 
35 years, 1 month. 28 days, according 



to 



ipti 



ird 



of Middletown Dutch church. 

The third child and only daughter of 
Daniel Hendrickson and Catherine Cou- 
wenhoven, his wife, was Catherine, 
born August 8, baptized September 30. 
1753, and died unmarried on the home- 
stead where she always lived. March 
1st, 1835, aged 81 years, 6 months, 23 
days, according to inscription on the 
headstone at her grave in the home- 
stead burying ground. Her will record- 
ed at Freehold in C of Wills, page 4 59, 
etc., is verv voluminous for she remem- 
bers with some kind of gift nearly all 
her nephews and nieces. The fourth 
child of the second Daniel Hendrickson 
was Hendrick, born May 2, baptized 
June 12, 1758, married May 13, 1781. 
Francinke. (b. Nov. 18. 1763. d. March 
26, 1845.) daughter of Cornelius R. 
Covenhoven and Jane Denise, his wife, 
who have been mentioned in a former 
article. Hendrick died December 1, 
1840, aged 82 years, 6 months, 29 days, 
and is buried on the homestead where 
he always lived. William, the fifth and 
youngest child of the second Daniel 

* Cornelius VanDerbilt was a son of Aris 
VanDerbilt and Jannetje Cornelise Couwen- 
hoven. his wife. He died August 18, 1800, 
aired 69 years, 3 months, 7 days, according to 
inscription on his tombstone in yard of Middle- 
town Dutch church. 



Hendrickson. was baptized November 
22. 1761. and died young and unmar- 
ried. 

As the father of these children died 
intestate June 24, 1788, the three sur- 
viving sons and daughter by amicable 
arrangement among themselves divided 
the real estate. 

;tc. 
ord 

of a deed executed August 6. 1789. from 
Daniel. Cornelius, and Hendrick Hen- 
drickson. the three sons to their sister 
Catherine Hendrickson. It is recited 
therein that the grantors and grantee 
are the only children and heirs-at-law 
of Daniel Hendrickson of Middletown 
township, who lately died intestate. 
That they have agreed among them- 
selves as to shares of each in the real 
estate of their father and by this deed 
the three sons convey and quitclaim to 
their sister Catherine, her heirs and 
assigns forever, the following described 
lands and premises, situate in said 
township of Middletown. The tract first 
described begins at an apple tree stand- 
ing at the southeast corner and begin- 
ning of a line settled by releases be- 
tween Johannes Luyster and Daniel 
Hendrickson, dated April 11, 1745. Then 
follows a particular description by 
chains and links, and that it is the 
westermost part of the home tract 
"whereon said Daniel Hendrickson did 



The 



general de 



i,.t. 



bounded southerly in part by Luyster 
land and in part by a branch of Maho 
as brook and Colonel Daniel Hendricl 
son's land; westerly, in part by lat 
formerly John Bowne's * ei 



de- 



• John Bowne was the eldest son of Obadiah 
Bowne and had one son Andrew, and two 
daughters, Lydia and Catherine. His daugh- 
ter Catherine, married William, son of George 
Crawford. His son Andrew, died unmarried. 
I is will was proved January 13. 1776. and 
recorded in Book M of Wills, page 10. etc.. at 
Trenton, N. J. He devised all his real estate 
to John and William Crawford, sons of his 
sister Catherine, subject to payment of £250 
to their sister, Esther Crawford. Residue of 
his estate is left to John. William, and Esther 
Crawford, the three children of his sister. 
Catherine Crawford. William Crawford. Rob- 
ert Hartshorne, and Garret Wall of Mount 
Pleasant, were appointed executors ; will is 
witnessed by William Hendrickson. Richard 
Crawford and Safety Bowne. John and Wil- 
liam Crawford divided the real estate so left, 
and John Crawford became owner of the part 
next to the Hendrickson homestead and which 
John Bowne had owned in his life time. John 
Crawford was the father of the late James G. 
Crawford of Crawford's Corner. Holmde. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



ceased, now John Crawford's and in 
part by Colonel Daniel Hendrickson's 
land; northerly, by a brook coming 
from the hills and Humphrey Wall and 
John Stillwell's lands, and easterly by 
the east-most line named in this par- 
ticular description first given. It is 
then stated that part of the said land 
was purchased of John Whitlock by- 
Daniel Hendrickson, the elder, by deed 
dated May 16, 1698, and the other part 
by deed from Garret Wall, dated Dec- 
ember 29, 1709. Four and one half acres 
of fresh meadow lying on the north 
side of a neck of woodland and convey- 
ed by John W r all to Daniel Hendrickson 
the elder, by deed dated May 



.-..-tifth.- 



of 



meadow at Shoal Harbour, are also 
conveyed to Catherine Hendrickson by 



thi 



d.'ed. 



Catherine Hendrickson, however, did 
not retain this land long, for on April 
1st, 1800, by deed of that date and for 
the consideration of $2,000, she con- 
veyed all the above premises to her 
brother, Hendrick Hendrickson. This 
deed is recorded at Freehold in L of 
deeds, p. 571. etc.. and gave Hendrick 
the ownership of all the original home- 
stead owned by the first Daniel and 
devised by him to his youngest son, 
Daniel. Hendrick Hendrickson by his 
will left all these lands to his grandson, 
the late Hon. William Henry Hendrick- 
son, so well known to the present gen- 
eration of our people in Monmouth 
county. 

By deed dated August 26, 1789. rec- 
orded in same book K of deeds, page 
67, etc., Daniel. Cornelius and Catherine 
Hendrickson convey and quitclaim to 
Hendrick Hendrickson the eastermost 
part of the homestead on which their 
deceased father lived.' In particular 
description first given the "Southwest 
corner of a mill dam" and "the middle 
of the floodgate" are called for as mon- 
uments. Then follows a general des- 
cription as 154 acres bounded southerly 
and easterly by Luyster's land and in 
part easterly by Mahoras brook; north- 
erly in part by John Stillwell's line and 
a small brook coming from the hills, 
and in part by the lower edge of the 
upland bank on south side of the mead- 
ow on said brook; westerly, by the 
westermost line named in the particular 
description. 

Six and four-fifths acres of salt 
meadow at Shoal Harbour was also 
conveyed, and then reference to chain 
of title same as in above deeds to Cath- 
erine. These two deeds were witnessed 
by William Crawford. John Covenhoven 
and Colonel Asher Holmes and were 



provea py affidavits of Colonel Asher 
Holmes before Hendrick Hendrickson, 
one of the judges of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Monmouth county on Feb- 
ruary 10, 1792. 

In this same book K of deeds, page 
71, etc, is a record of the deed from 
Daniel. Hendrick, and Catherine Hen- 
drickson to Cornelius Hendrickson, 
dated August 26, 1789, -with same wit- 
nesses and proof of execution before 
Judge Hendrick Hendrickson. Several 
tracts are conveyed by this deed. First 
a tract of 119 acres and in the particu- 
lar description given, the "southwest 
corner of the milldam where it joins the 
uplands" and "middle of floodgates" 
were called for as monuments. Then 
follows a general description as 119 
acres more or less, bounded easterly by 
lands of John Taylor. Esq.. northerly by 
Aumack's now Edward Taylor, deceas- 
ed, land, westerly in part and in part 
northerly, by lands formerly Daniel 
Stevenson's now in possession of Daniel 
Hendrickson, Junior, and in part by 
Mahoras brook as it now runs, which 
tract of land was deeded by John Tay- 
lor. Esq., t to Daniel Hendrickson. de- 
ceased, by deed dated August 10, 1763, 
together, with half part of grist mill 
built by said Daniel Hendrickson, and 
the right and privilege of digging and 
carting off earth for use in making, 
mending and repairing the mill dam 
from southwest of said milldam forever. 
Also a tract of 157 acres near "Whak- 
ake" and four and one-half acres of 
salt meadow on east side of "Whakake 
Creek." Half of 36 acres situate a mile 
south of "Sandy Hook" (Raritan) "Bay" 
and one and one-half miles southwest 
of Point Comfort: 50 acres on north side 
of public road from Middle-town to 
Perth Amboy. and six and one-half 
acres of salt meadow at Shoal Harbour, 
are likewise conveyed to Cornelius 
Hendrickson by this deed. No share 
in his father's land is conveyed to Dan- 
iel who at this time owned and occupied 
the Stevenson farm. The father may 
have advanced money to him to pur- 
chase this land or he may have taken 
his share in personal property or in 
money. 

tJohn Taylor. Esq. was appointed sheriff, first 
in 1751, and held office to 1754. when Robert 
Cummings succeeded him. He was again ap- 
pointed sheriff of Monmouth county in 1757 for 
three years. At the breaking out of the Revo- 
lutionary war he was one of the judges of our 
county courts. He was also one of the Peace 
Commissioners appointed by Admiral Howe on 
the part of the British government. In 1792 he 
sold his farm at Middletown Village to George 
Crawford and a few years after removed to 
Perth Amboy where he died. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Hendriek Hendrickson by Francinke 
Couwenhoven, his wife, had the follow- 
ing children: 

Catherine, baptized March 14, 1782, 
married May 23. 1803, Garret Lane, and 
resided with her husband at Piscata- 
way, Middlesex county, N. J. She had 
the following children: 

Hendriek Hendrickson. bap. June 3. 1807. 

Eliza Jane, born Sept. 22, 1809. 

William Hendrickson, > twins born Sept. 24, 

John, born April 21, 1814. 

William H.. born January 28. 1787. 
married January 12, 1812, Eleanor (b. 
Aug. 19, 1792, d. Sept. 25, 1879.) daugh- 
ter of Charles DuBois and Anne Hen- 
drickson, and already mentioned among 
the descendants of Daniel Hendrickson 
and Eleanor VanMater, his wife. Wil- 
liam H. Hendrickson died February 9, 
1831, and was buried on the homestead. 
'He left a will proved before Peter C. 
Vanderhoef. Surrogate, April 2, 1831, 
and recorded in C of Wills, page 194, 
etc. As his father was living at this 
time he left no real estate, only per- 
sonal property. He mentions in this 
will the gold watch which once be- 
longed to his brother-in-law, Peter 
DuBois. 

Jane, born March 6, 1792, married 
March 23. 1808, Garret D. Hendrickson. 
(b. July 7. 1787, d. Oct. 12. 1861) and 
died August 5. 1875. Both buried in 
family yard on homestead farm at Hol- 
land. Their children have been named 
in a former article. 

Hendriek Hendrickson made his will 
December 9, 1834, proved December 21, 
1840. and recorded at Freehold in D of 
Wills, page 310, etc. He provides for 
his widow, Francinke, and mentions his 
daughters, Catherine Lane, and Jane, 
wilt- of Garret D. Hendrickson. "The 
farm of 296 acres where I now live" 
with all stock, etc., on same, he devises 
in fee to his grandson. William Henry 



Hendrickson. The following clause also 
appears in his will: "I do hereby re- 
serve one acre of land on the farm 
where I now live to be used as a bury- 
ing ground for the Hendrickson family 
and their connections. which said 
graveyard is to include the present 
graveyard and as much land on each 
side of it as shall make said acre." A 
codicil is added August 1, 1836, in 
which he directs that the widow and 
children of his deceased son William, 
shall reside with him and no charge be 
made against them for maintenance. 
In his will he orders his grandson, Wil- 
liam Henry to pay to his sisters. Sarah 
Ann. Francinke, and Mary, $2,000 each. 

William Henry, son of Hendriek Hen- 
drickson. married January 12. 1812. 
Eleanor DuBois, and had the following 
children: 

William Henry, born June 3. 1813. 
married first. February 28. 1839, Eliza- 
beth Woodward: married second. Mrs. 
Rebecca P. Fields, widow of Thomas 
Fields. He twice represented Mon- 
mouth county in New Jersey Senate and 
was one of the leading and respected 
citizens of Monmouth county. A very 
good likeness and full history of his 
life appears in Ellis' history of Mon- 
mouth county. 

Sarah Ann, born April 14, 1816, mar- 
ried, October 21, 1834, Rev. Garret C. 
Schanck (b. September 14. 1806. d. Sept- 
ember 17, 1888.) and died February 20, 
1843. Both buried In yard of Marlboro 
Brick church. 

Charles DuBois, born April 21, 1818, 
died October 31 1834. 

Francinke, born August 18. 1822, mar- 
ried March 4. 1840, George W. Cox, and 
died April 29. 1854. Buried by her hus- 
band in yard of Yellow Meeting House, 
Upper Freehold. 

Mary, born October 1, 1825. married 
December 25. 1856. Henry Corlies, (born 
October 20, 1821. and son of Benjamin 
W. Corlies.) She died in August. 1898. 



WILLIAM HENDRICKSON, OR WILM HENDRICKS, 
AS WRITTEN, BROTHER OF DANIEL. 



Wilm Hendricks, as he wrote his 
name, was a brother of Daniel Hen- 
drickson, the first settler at Holland, 
in the present township of Holmdel. I 
think Hendrick Hendricks, the father 
of Daniel and William, lived in Mon- 
mouth between 1694 and 1706. Our 
court minutes for this period show that 
one Hendrick Hendricks served on the 
grand jury and also on a coroner's 



lied 



thr 



by the sea on Sandy Hook beach. Afte] 
above dates no Hendrick Hendricks ii 
named on our public records as residen 
of this county until Daniel's eldest soi 
arrived at age. Hendrick Hendrick: 
was a widower and married again abou 
1706, Helen Cortelyou. the widow o 
Nicholas VanBrunt and of Dionysi 
Denyse. After this marriage it is saic 
that he lived with his wife on lands a 
New Utrecht, L. I., which her father 



in our county records as one of the 
persons who broke up Governor Hamil- 
ton's and Lewis Morris' court at Mid- 
dletown village, March 25. 1701. as has 
been already related. In Book I of 
Deeds, page 219, Secretary of State's 
office, is record of an agreement be- 
tween William Hendricks and Jarret 
Wall of Middletown, Monmouth county, 
dated June 17, 1703, fixing division line 
between their lands. The beginning of 
the line is fixed at mouth of William 
Hendricks' ditch on west side of Ma- 
horas brook and to run due west from 
this point to west side of Hendrickson 
land. On page 152 of court minutes of 
Monmouth under date of December 6, 
1709, William Hendrickson with others 
appears before the court as a committee 
from Dutch church to present Joseph 
Morgan as their pastor. He is also 
mentioned in these same minutes in 
record of two public highways laid out 
by the commissioners. The first under 
date of September 27, 1705. of a highway 
from Middletown to the county line 
towards Amboy. "William Hendricks 
mill" is named as on line of this road. 
In the return of another road laid out 
April 2, 1706, the beginning is at "Wil- 
liam Hendricks' mill" and running 
thence "direct to Cocowders' brook, 
where Walter Wall's path went over, 
and then to Ruckman's path which goes 



to Waykake." This road return is pub- 
lished in full on page 266-7. Old Times 
in Old Monmouth. 

Some forty years ago the remains of 
an old dam, extending about half across 
the meadow, could be seen a few hun- 
dred feet south of the dwelling house 
where Joseph Dorsett lived until his 
death, and where George Dorsett, his 
father, had lived before him. The 
track of the New York and Long Branch 
railroad run a little distance north of 
this place. The banks on both sides of 
the Mahoras meadow south of this old 
dam are quite high. The east bank 
curves around to the west so as to 
make a natural dam half the width of 
the meadow. The Mahoras brook which 
flows north along the west bank of the 
meadow makes a turn opposite the re- 
mains of this old dam and for a short 
distance flows westerly and then turns 
northerly along the farm of the late 
Hon. William B. Hendrickson. It only 
needs a short dam across this narrow 
neck of the meadow to unite the east 
and west banks, and so dam up the 
waters of Mahoras brook. In the divis- 
ion deeds, between the children of the 
second Daniel Hendrickson executed in 
1789 and heretofore mentioned, this 
dam and floodgates are referred to as 
monuments in the description. 

The fact that the deceased father had 
erected a mill and conveyance of half 
of same to the son Cornelius, is men- 
tioned in the deed to him. I think that 
here is the site of the first grist mill 
erected in Monmouth county. The old 
Town Book of Middletown township 
contains records of the contract be- 
tween the first settlers in 1668 and one 
Robert Jones, of New York, to put up 
and operate a grist mill. It was to be 
built at a place called by the Indians 
"Choncis Sepus." The early settlers 
had oxen and a few horses, and were 
obliged to select a place on some stream 
with sufficient water to run a mill. 
Mahoras brook is the ojily stream near 
the village of Middletown with sufficient 
water for this purpose. The banks on 
each side at this place favored the con- 
struction of a short dam. The hills 
were then covered with dense forests 
and beneath were vines and under- 
brush, so that the storm water was 
held from running off rapidly. All the 




Z 



<^5SLc^L> (D^t^L^l^/fe^ 



Justice of the New Je 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



streams carried a greater volume of 
water and the meadow or lowlands had 
not been filled up or raised by the 
washings from the banks and hillsides 
after they were cleared and plowed. 

The Mahoras brook drains an exten- 
sive region and during heavy storms an 
immense amount of water flows down 
from the hills. Robert Jones erected a 
mill at this place in 1669, for on May 
24, 1-670, town lot No. 33 is transferred 
to him, which indicates that he must 
have completed his part of the contract. 
He did not, however, operate it long, 
for soon after we find James Grover in 
possession of the mill and running it. 
I think Daniel Hendricks purchased the 
property of Whitlock and Wall on ac- 
count of the close proximity of this 
mill. He was a man of more than ordi- 
nary intelligence and energy for we 
find him a constable and then sheriff in 
less than fifteen years after he settled. 
This, too, among strange people of a 
different race and language. It was 
doubtless his ownership of the adjacent 
lands which enabled him to secure this 
mill site for his brother William. At 
all events this same family held it from 
1705 until the close of the century, as 
the deeds of 1780 inform us. A miller 
and blacksmith were two of the most 
important men in a new settlement. A 
great demand existed in early times, as 
the settlements were pushed to west 
and south, for men understanding these 
trades. 

William Hendricks married Willimp- 
tje, (baptized at Flatbush, L. I., Sept- 
ember 16, 1677,) a daughter of Guisbert 
Thys Laen VanPelt and Jannetje 
Adrianse Lambersen, his wife, who are 
named among the organizing members 
of the Monmouth Dutch church in 1700. 
His name, however, on church records 
is entered "Gisbert Laen' - for the Van- 
Pelt was dropped. At a later date the 
name was spelled "Lane," which sur- 
name has been retained by his descend- 
ants to this day. One of his daughters, 
"Moika" (Micha) married Stoffel Dirck- 
sen Longstraat of Flatlands, L. I., who 
also removed to Monmouth county, and 
were the parents of Stoffel Longstreet 
(baptized December 25, 1713, died 1784) 
who was the first settler of this name 
in Upper Freehold township and lived 
there until his death. William Hen- 
dricks died in April or May of 1711. be- 
r .ri any of his children had arrived at 
age. His will is dated April 2 and 
proved June 14 of the year 1711, and 
recorded at Trenton. N. J., in Book I 
of Wills, page 326, etc. Cornelius Doom 
(VanDorn), William Brudenseck and 
Barnes Lambersen are the subscribing 



witnesses: His brother Daniel Hen- 
drickson, and friends. Peter Wyckoff 
and StofMe Longstreet are named as ex- 
ecutors. .He does not mention his wife. 
Willimpe, and I therefore infer that she 
had died prior to this time (1711). He 
mentions Guisbert (Gilbert) as his eld- 
est son and gives him four shillings 
extra on this account. He gives his 
youngest son Daniel, £20 more than the 
others. This is the nephew Daniel Hen- 
drickson also mentions in his will, giv- 
ing him a small lot of land at Perth 
Amboy which he purchased of Stephen 
Warne. 

William Hendricks also speaks in his 
will of his daughters, but does not 
name them or any other sons except 
Gilbert and Daniel. He states, how- 
ever, that all his children are minors. 
Gilbert Lane, his father-in-law. in his 
will dated Nov. 7, 1720. proved May 17, 

1727, and recorded at Trenton in Book 
B of wills, p. 66. etc., speaks of his 
grand-children "born of my daughter 
Williamea Hendrickson, late deceased, 
formerly the wife of William Hen- 
drickson, likewise deceased, and gives 
them their mother's share in hisestate. 
These orphan children of William Hen- 
dricks and Williamptji Lane, his wife, 
who were all under age in 1711 were: 
Guisbert, Geesye, Hans (John), Jannetje 
(Jane), Hendrick and Daniel. As their 
father ran a grist mill on Mahoras 
brook, it is likely that these boys all 
learned the business of a miller, for we 
find some of them or their children fol- 
lowing this business at a later date in 
other parts of New Jersey. I do not 
now know of any descendents of these 
four sons residing in the old township 
of Middletown. They all removed to 
other parts of this'county or state and 
to Bucks and Lancaster counties in 
Pennsylvania. Some retained the name 
of "Hendricks" and others the "Hen- 
drickson" surname. 

Guisbert, the eldest son. married about 

1728, Elizabeth (bapt. Aug. 13, 1710.) 
daughter of Johannes Polhemus and 
Annetje TenEycU, his wife, who have 
been heretofore mentioned. She was a 
sister of Tobias and Johannes Polhemus. 
who also settled in Upper Freehold 
township probably soon after Guisbert 
Hendrickson settled in that vicinity. 
This part of Monmouth together with 
adjacent territory in what was then Bur- 
lington and Middlesex counties, went 

ndei I name of Crosswicks, now 

confined in one small village. 

Nottingham township was then in 
Burlington county. Part of this town- 
ship was taken off '■( Burlington ami 
called Hamilton township when M.-r.-.-r 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



county was formed in 1838. I think 
Gilbert Hendrickson settled in this 
part of Burlington, but now Mercer 
county, somewheres near Yardville. 
He devised this plantation or farm to 
his youngest son, David Hendrickson, 
who I believe lived and died on it. 
I should not be surprised to learn that 
Gilbert Hendrickson operated a grist 
mill in the vicinity of his farm. This 
however is a conjecture. As his father 
helped organize the Dutch church in 
1709; so Gilbert helped the first Pres- 
byterian church at Allentown. As will 
be seen from his will he remembers 
this church with the gift of £10 or fifty 
dollars, which was a considerable sum 
in those days. Gilbert Hendrickson, 
like his father, read his Dutch Bible and 
accepted its teachings when he read 
therein. 

"Who is among you that feareth the 
Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his ser- 
vant, that walketh in darkness and hath 
no light? Let him trust in the name of 
the Lord, and stay upon his God." 

"I. even I am he that comforteth you; 
who art thou, that thou shouldst be 
afraid of a man that shall die, and the 
son of man which .shall be made as 
grass?" 

"And focgettest the Lord, thy maker, 
that hath stretched forth the heavens 
and laid the foundations of the earth?" 
"Fear thou not, for I am with thee: be 
not dismayed; for I am thy God. I 
will strengthen thee; yea I will help 
thee; yea I will uphold thee with the 
right hand of my righteousness." 

He believed in the word of God and 
trusting in the "righteousness" of God, 
and not his own goodness, he passed 
away from this earth in March or April 
of 1777, leaving his wife surviving and 
seven stalwart sons. He mentions no 
daughter in his will, but a granddaugh- 
ter, Margaret Emley. He therefore may 
have had a daughter who married an 
Emley and died prior to date of this 
will. His descendants are numerous 
and will be interested in his will where 
he speaks for himself. 

The will and inventory of Guisbert 
Hendrickson: — In the name of God, 
amen, I Gisebert Hendrickson of the 
township in the county of Burlington 
in the Western Division of the Province 
of New Jersey, being weak in body but 
of Sound Mind and Memory Blessed be 
God, do this Eleventh day of Novem- 
ber, in the year of Our Lord one thous- 
and seven hundred and Seventy-Six I 
do make and publish this my last Will 
and Testament in manner and as fol- 
loweth that is to say FIRST I give and 
Bequeath unto my beloved Wife Eliza- 
beth the sum of fifteen pounds Yearly 



during her natural Life and to have any 
one of the rooms in the house where 
I now live that she shall Choose with 
every necessary thereunto belonging 
with the use of one Negro Wench with 
all other necessaries of life found her 
as long as she shall remain my Widow, 
and it is my will that all the Estate 
that my Wife shall have at her death 
shall be equally divided between my 
six sons hereafter mentioned or the 
Survivors of them. 

ITEM I give and bequeath unto my 
Son William the sum of One hundred 
pounds Besides his Equal part with the 
Rest of my Sons that is to say with 
himself & John & Daniel & Tobias and 
Cornelius & Jacob and it is" my desire 
that he may be Contented with the pro- 
portion of my Estate with what he al-' 
ready had. 

ITEM I give and Bequeath unto my 
son David all the Plantation whereon I 
now dwell which I purchased by Sun- 
dry Surveays now adjoining together to 
him his Heirs and Assigns for ever 
together with four horses three cows 
twelve sheep Waggon plows Harrows 
Gears He paying to my Six Sons above 
named three hundred pounds in three 
Years after my Decease and fifteen 
pounds Yearly unto my Widow as above 
said during her Natural Life and make 
such provisions for her as is Bequeath- 
ed her in this Will. 

ITEM it is my will and do Bequeath 
to Margaret Emley my Granddaughter 
one hundred pounds four years after 
my decease to be paid by my Son David. 
ITEM It is my Will and I do Order 
that that Dot of Land lying at the 
North East Corner of the Plantation 
formerly Abraham Tilton's lying upon 
Doctor's Creek to be sold by my Exec- 
utors And the Money arising from the 
sale thereof to be Equally Divided 
amongst my Six Sons above mentioned 
to them their heirs and Assigns for 
ever. 

ITEM it is my will & I do Order that 
if either of my said sons should die 
without issue that his part and portion 
herein bequeathed him shall be equally 
divided amongst the Survivors that 
have Issue to them their heirs and 
Assigns for ever. 

ITEM it is my Will and I do order 
that all my Moveable Estate be sold 
Except what is already Bequeathed in 
this Will and after all my just debts 
and funeral Charges are paid that then 
the Overplush be Equally Divided 
amongst my Six Sons above mentioned 
that is William, John. Daniel. Tobias. 
Cornelius, & Jacob all as aforesaid to 
them their Heirs and Assigns for ever. 
And I do hereby ordain and appoint my 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE iMO.XMOl'TH. 



Wi 



Her 



' Tobias Hendr 
lawful Execut 
& Testament. Item it is my Will and 
I do Order that my Executors first of 
all do pay to the Elder of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Allentown ten 
pounds for the use of said church I do 
hereby revoke all other Wills by me 
heretofore made. IN WITNESS Where- 
of the said Guisbert Hendrickson have 
to this my last Will and Testament set 
my Hand and Seal the day and year 
above written. 

Guisbert Hendrickson (SEAL.) 
Signed Sealed and Delivered by the 
said Guisbert Hendrickson as and for 
his last Will and Testament in the 
presents of us who were present at the 
signing & Sealing thereof. 

Tobias Polhemus 

Margaret Magaliard (w) her mark 

William Reynolds. 
Tobias Polhemus. one of the witness- 
es t to the within will being first sworn 

t The old wills now on record in Secretary 
of State's office at Trenton, N. J., were origin- 
ally recorded at Burlington, for West Jersey 
and numbered. While in East Jersey they were 
recorded at Perth Amboy and books lettered. 
Thus there are two sets of books covering the 
same period of time. Some of the Monmouth 
county wills, although in East Jersey, are re- 
corded at Burlington, as is shown in this 



on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty 
God doth declare and say that he was 
present and saw Guisbert Hendrickson 
the Testator in the within will named 
Sign and Seal the same & heard him 
Publish pronounce and declare the 
within Writing to be his last Will & 
Testament And at the doing thereof he 
was of sound and disposing mind and 
Memory as far as he knows and as he 
Verily believes and that Margaret Ma- 
galiard and William Reynolds were also 
present at the same time and Signed 
their Names as Witnesses to the Will 
together with this Deponent in the 
presence of each, other and-in the pres- 
ence of the Testator. 

Sworn the 28th day of April 1777 at 
Burlington before Robt Burcham. 

The foregoing Will being prov'd pro- 
bate was Granted by his Excellency 
Govr. Livingston unto William Hen- 
drickson and Tobias Hendrickson Ex- 
ecutors in the sd. Will named being first 
sworn truly to perform the same ex- 
hibit a true Inventory and render a 
true Accot. when thereto lawfully re- 
quired Given under the Prerogative Seal 
the day and Year aforesaid. 

Cha. Pettit Regrr. 



WILLIAM HENDRICKS AND WILLIAMPTJE LAEN 
HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN. 



1. William, eldest son of Guisbert, 
married according to license granted 
February 22, 1768, Rachel Longstreet. 

In Book I of deeds, page 496, Mon- 
mouth Clerk's office, is record of a deed 
dated February 2, 1778, from William 
Hendrickson and Rachel, his wife, of 
Upper Freehold, to Gilbert Longstreet 
of the same township. The grantors 
convey for £4,000 a tract of land in that 
township which Stoffel Longstreet had 
deeded to William Hendrickson, and 
"Peter Wecoff's" land, Albert Couwen- 
hoven's lands, and Doctor's Creek are 
called for as monuments. 

2. John, second son, married Novem- 
ber 14, 1763, Anna Cox, and resided in 
what is now Ewing township, Mercer 
county. 

3 Daniel, third son, was born about 
1737; married Ann Stewart, and settled 
somewhere near what is now Hamilton 
Square. He was a zealous patriot and 



soldier of the Revolution. 

4. Tobias, fourth son, married accor- 
ding to license dated March 21, 1762, 
Rebecca Coward, and died May 23, 1811. 
aged 70 years, 10 months, and 2 days, 
according to his headstone in Old Yel- 
low Meeting House cemetery. His will 
is recorded at Freehold as heretofore 
mentioned with some of his descendants 
in Barkalow genealogy. 

5. Cornelius, fifth son, is supposed to 
be the same person named in marriage 
license granted January 28, 1767, to 
Cornelius Hendrickson and Mary Thorn 
of Monmouth county. No other know- 

6. Jacob, the sixth son, married ac- 
cording to license dated May 2. 1771, 
Elizabeth Mount, and died July 24, 1831, 
aged 72 years, 6 months, 12 days, ac- 
cording to his headstone in the Old 
Yellow Meeting House cemetery. His 
wife is buried by him. 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS Of- MONMOUTH. 



7. David, the seventh and youngest 
son, to whom his father left the home- 
stead, which lay. I think, in what was 
then Nottingham township, Burlington 
county, but now part of Mercer county, 
lived and died on this farm, but I have 
no dates of his marriage or death. 

One of the maternal uncles of these 
seven sons was John Polhemus. who 
lived in Upper Freehold township and 
died there without children. His will 
is dated June 7, 1788. proved 1793, and 
recorded at Trenton, N. J., in Liber. 33 
of Wills, p. 234. This John Polhemus 
married Alice, daughter of Joseph 
Holmes and Elizabeth Ashtont his wife, 
of Upper Freehold. She died April, 
1788, according to her headstone in 
Yellow Meeting House cemetery, aged 
61 years, 10 months. Her husband died 
September 15, 1793, aged 72 years, and 
is buried by her. In his will he names 
his wife's cousins. Elizabeth and Sarah, 
daughters of Jonathan Holmes, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Holmes, 
and Elizabeth Wyckoff, daughter of 
Peter Imlay. He also mentions his own 
sister, Catherine, who married Matthias 
Laen (Lane). (They are named as 
members of Dutch church in 1750). If 
she is dead he orders legacy paid to 
her children. He mentions children of 
his brothers, Daniel Polhemus, Tobias 
Polhemus and Cornelius Polhemus, and 
children of his sisters, Nelly Couwen- 
hoven and of Elizabeth Hendrickson. 
"II v brothers' and sisters' children." 



Ashton. his wife, 
will to whom he 
cks (Upper Free- 



t Joseph Holmes v 
Obadiah Holmes and 
and their son named 
devised his lands at 
hold vicinity). Joseph Holmes was born in 
1699 ; married Elizabeth, daughter of John Ash- 
ton, and lived on his farm inUpper Freehold, 
and died in July, 1777. He is buried in Ash- 
ton graveyard. His will is recorded in Liber. 
19, page 7. He had the following seven child- 
ren: Allis (Alice) born June 10, 1726, married 
John Polhemus, died without issue April 1, 
17SS. buried by her husband in Yellow Meeting 
house cemetery : Obadiah. born October 13. 
1728 ; James, born March 6, 1732. died young ; 
Marv, horn September 17. 1733. married Peter 
Imlay: Joseph, born December 3. 1736, married 
Phoebe Wardell. died August 31, 1809, leaving 
only one child, a daughter, (his will was proved 
September 16. 1809. and recorded at Free- 
hold in A of Wills, page 317. I e leaves 
£300 to Baptist church of Upper Freehold) ; 
Jonathan, born December 4, 1738. married 
Lydia Throckmorton, died August 4, 1777. from 
exposure and hardships in American army 
during the war (he was a captain or lieuten- 
ant), buried in Yellow Meeting House cem- 
etery by his wife: John, born March 29. 1744. 
married Deborah Leonard, died August 10, 
17S3. (his wife died May 6, 1811. also buried 
in Yellow Meeting House cemetery.) 



are his words. His nephew, Jacob Hen- 
drickson of Upper Freehold, and his 
brother, John Polhemus of Middletown. 
are appointed executors. The will is 
witnessed by Garret Wyckoff, Robert 
Imlay, and Samuel Imlay. It thus ap- 
pears that the Polhemuses, Hendrick- 
sons. Longstreets, and Wyckoffs, set- 
tlers in Upper Freehold, were closely 
connected by blood or marriage. ■ 
. Jonathan Holmes, the soldier of the 
Revolution, by his wife. Lydia Throck- 
morton, had a son Joseph, born 1772. 
married Mary Bruere, and died July 16, 
1815. His youngest son, Joseph, born 
November 24, 1810. married Martha Ann 
Miers, and died August, 1897. They 
were the parents of Joseph Holmes,- our 
present Chosen Freeholder from Upper 
Freehold township, and who still (1901) 
owns and resides on old Holmes home- 
stead in that township. The Joseph 
Holmes who died July, 1777, and the 
progenitor of the Upper Freehold 
Holmes family, was a delegate to the 
Provincial Congress of New Jersey and 
a member of the Council of Safety in 
1775-76. He was one of the most en- 
ergetic and trusted of the patriot lead- 
ers of Monmouth county and his death 
at the very beginning of the war was a 
great loss. Col. Elisha Lawrence, who 
raised a battalion of Jerseymen to serve 
in the English army and who was very 
active on the royal side, was a near 
neighbor to Joseph Holmes. There were 
other very bitter and malignant Tories 
among his near neighbors. His dwell- 
ing on one occasion was attacked by 
the Refugees and plundered. 

William Hendricks and Williamptje 
Laen. his wife, and their children: 

I leesye, or Gezina, as spelled on page 
S7 of Wells' address at Brick church, 
where she and her husband are put 
down as members of the Dutch church 
in 1743, married Matthias Peterzon, or 
Pietersen and was the second child of 
William Hendricks. In the record of 
the baptism of his children, her name is 
sometimes entered as "Geesye William- 
se," meaning Geesye, the daughter of 
William. 

Matthias Pieterson, her husband, was 
a son of Peter Thys Laen VanPelt, and 
Barbara Houlton. his wile. He was 
known as Matthias, son of Peter, and 
so Pieterson became his surname. Some 
of his descendants, it is Slid, removed 
to Hunterdon and Somerset counties in 
this state, and others over into Bucks 
and Chester counties, Pa. 

Matthias Pieterson and Geesye Hen- 
dricks had the following children: 

Barbara, baptized May 26, J717. 

Peter, baptized November 23. 1718. 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OE MOXMOCTH. 



William, baptized January 13, 1723. 
Mary, baptized January 10, 1733. 
Daniel, baptized June 17, 1738. 
Hans (John) the third child of Wil- 
liam Hendricks, married Sarah Hosier, 
and died March 25, 1789, aged 89 years, 
according to his headstone in yard of 
Marlboro Brick church. His wife is 
interred by him and date of her death 
given as March 31. 1782, aged 80 years, 
24 days. On page 86 of Wells' address 
her name is spelled "Sarah Meser" and 
she became a communicant in 1731. 
John Hendricks, as he wrote his name, 
made his will May 18, 1785, proved April 
15, 1789, and is on record in Trenton in 
Book 30 of Wills, page 178, etc. He or- 
ders his executors to sell his land at 
Imlaystown, Upper Freehold township, 
and one half of his mill where his son, 
Abraham Hendricks, now lives in that 
township, and all other lands owned by 
him. He gives his old Dutch Bible and 
£10 to his son Abraham. He mentions 
his granddaughter Charlotte, and four 
children of his deceased son William. 
He also mentions his grandsons, Jacob 
and John Vanderbilt, children of his 
deceased daughter Elizabeth. He speaks 
of two children of his son Conradt, ap- 
points his son Abraham Hendricks, and 
his two grandsons, Jacob and John 
Vanderbilt, executors. The will is wit- 
nessed by Mary Vanderbilt and Lewis 
Forman. Seven of the children of John 
Hendricks and Sarah Mosier, his wife, 
are buried in the yard of the old Brick 
church at Marlboro. All have the Hen- 
dricks surname. Some of his descend- 
ants removed to Easton, Pa., and to 
Rockingham and other counties in Vir- 
ginia. 

By Sarah Mosier he had the following 
children: 

Johannes, baptized April 8, 1733, mar- 
ried, according to the license granted 
October 31. 1759, Phoebe Smith, and 
died, according to his headstone, July 
13. 1760, aged 28 years, 5 months, 1 day. 
His will is dated July 2, 1760. proved 
July 26, 1760, and recorded at Trenton 
in Book 9 of wills, page 258, etc. He 
described himself as a resident of Mid- 
dlesex county. New Jersey. I think it 
was in that part of Middlesex county 
taken off in'1838 to form Mercer county. 
He mentions his wife Phoebe, but had 
no children. He gives his brother Wil- 
liam, six shirts and two beaver hats, 
and to his brother Guisbert (Gilbert) 
the remainder of his wearing apparel. 
He also mentions his brother-in-law, 
John Vanderbilt. The will is witnessed 
by John Hendricks, Andrew Forman 
and Lewis Forman. This John Hen- 
dricks, the witness, I think was a son 



of Gilbert Hendrickson and Elizabeth 
Polhemus, his wife, already mentioned, 
and residing in what was Nottingham 
township, Burlington county, but now 
Ewing township, Mercer county. 

Elizabeth, baptized August 25. 1734, 
married according to license dated May 
20, 1754, and recorded in office of Sec- 
retary of State at Trenton, N. J., John 
Vanderbilt of Staten Island, N. Y., and 
died August 13, 1760, aged 26 years, 1 
month, 13 days, according to her head- 
stone in Brick church cemetery. She 
left two sons, who are the executors 
named in her father's will made 25 
years later, or in 1785. Under this will 
they sold and. conveyed away his real 
estate, as appears from deeds recorded 
in Monmouth Clerk's office. 

William, baptized December 25, 1736, 
married, according to license granted 
December 21, 1756, Charity Robinson of 
Monmouth county and died before his 
father, leaving four children surviving. 
One child named Charity, died Decem- 
ber 23, 1761. and is buried in Brick 
church cemetery with a headstone giv- 
ing her name and age. He also had a 
son John, baptized November 19, 1757, 
who was his firstborn. As no others 
are buried in Brick church yard it is 
likely that they removed to some other 
place or colony. 

Conradt. baptized August 27. 1738. 
married first, according to license dated 
June 18, 1759. Mary English. She died 
October 26. 1762, aged 27 years, leaving 
one daughter, Elizabeth, baptized at 
Tennent church November 22, 1761. He 
married for his second wife Mary 
Knott. This license is dated June 17, 
1763. During the Revolution he sided 
with the King and enlisted in the com- 
pany raised by Capt. Thomas Crowell 
which served in the battalion under 
Col. Elisha Lawrence, the ex-sheriff or 
last of the Kings' Sheriffs in Monmouth 
county. This battalion was in Skinner's 
Brigade and was stationed much of the 
time on Staten Island. On page 12 of 
Book A of Executions in the Monmouth 
Clerk's office is record of an execution 
issued May 1, 1779, against Thomas 
Crowell of Middletown township who 
had been found guilty under an inquis- 
ition of joining the King's army. On 
the next page, No. 13, is record of an 
execution against Conradt Hendricks, 
who had also joined the King's army. 
The real estate of these men was sold 
under these executions. They, how- 
ever, never returned to this county, so 
far as I can learn. They may have 
removed to Nova Scotia. 

Guisbert (Gilbert), baptized May 2i, 
1741, died single March 25, 1785, aged 



EARL Y DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



44 years, 1 n 
his headston. 
at Marlboro. 

Mary, baptized April 7, 1744, married 
Thomas Hendricks, who, I think, resid- 
ed somewhere near Hopewell, N. J. She 
died November 5, 1768, aged 24 years, 
according: to her headstone in Brick 
church cemetery. Her husband is not 
buried in this yard and I do not know 
what became of him or whether she 
left any children. 

Sarah, baptized June 28, 1747, died 
single February 28. 1772. 

Abraham, born , married, accord- 
ing to license dated December 17. 1754, 
Mary, daughter of William Wyckoff 
and Agnes VanDoren, his wife. She was 
born October 1, 1733. and died February 
12, 1796, and is buried in Brick church 
cemetery. Abraham Hendricks may 
have been the oldest of the eight chil- 
dren of John Hendricks, but there is 
no record of his birth or baptism unless 
the "Old Dutch Bible," which his father 
mentions in his will, be found. Neither 
do I know where Abraham died or 
where he was buried. He seems to have 
resided in Upper Freehold and run a 
grist mill at or near Imlaystown or 



A Her 



Dur 



lg the Rev 



he 



was an earnest and energetic patriot 
and a soldier. 

I have no information or knowledge 
of his children, if any. His father's 
selection of him as executor and gift of 
family Bible to him leads me to think 
he was the oldest son. Jannetje, the 
fourth child of William Hendricks and 
Willaimpe Laen. his wife, married 
Christopher Warmsley, and moved to 
some other part of New Jersey or some 
other colony. She had, however, three 
of her children baptized in our Dutch 
church while visiting her parents, viz: 
William, baptized May 3, 1719, and two 
others unnamed, one October 2.".. 1721. 
and the other April 16. 1732. 

Hendrick. the fifth child of William 
Hendricks, was born November 11. 17"6. 
married about 1728, Altje, daughti i oi 
Albert Couwenhoven and Neiltje 
Schanck, his wife, and died July 28, 
1783, aged 76 years, 8 months. 6 days. 
His wife was born January 20, 1709. 
Her father and mother are both buried 
in Schanck-Couwenhoven yard, and 
dates of their deaths from headstone 
inscriptions show that the printed state- 
ments heretofore given are incorrect. 
Albert Couwenhoven died September 
13. 1718. aged 72 years, 9 months, and 6 
days. Neiltje Schanck. his wife, died 
July 27, 1751, aged 70 years. 6 months, 
and 4 days. Hendrick Hendrickson and 
\.ln. Couwenhoven, his wife, had two 
sons baptized in the Dutch church, viz: 



Hendrick. June 20, 1730, and Albert. 
July 16. 1732. There may have been 
other children born and not baptized. 
Hendrick. according to license granted 
April, 1751, married Sarah Tomson or 
Thompson. Both are put down as res- 
idents of "Middletown township. They 
had the following children baptized: 
Hendrick, May 3, 1752: William, Feb- 
ruary 26, 17.j7: Albert, July 8. 1759; 
Arrinthia, September 6. 1761. Albert, 
the second son of Hendrick, married, 
according to license dated January :■:. 
1755, Johanna Mills. Both are named 
as residents of Monmouth. This couple 
had the following children: 

Hendrick, born June 27, 1756; Altje, 
born July 12, 1758, Elaxander Clark, as 
his christian name is spelled on church 
records, and had seven children bap- 
tized between 1776 and 1794. viz: Re- 
becca, November 29, 1761: Catherine. 
September 21, 1766; Mary, August 2.".. 
1768; Nelly, February 3, 1777; John. 
February 3, 1777; William, February 3, 
1777; Sarah. April 22, 1778. I do not 
know of any of the male descendants 
of Hendrick Hendrickson and Altje 
Couwenhoven, his wife, now residing in 
Monmouth county. 1 think some of 
them settled in Gloucester and Salem 
counties and others removed to New 
York and Pennsylvania. Daniel, the 
youngest son of William Hendrickson 
and Willaimpe Laen. his wife, is so 
named in his will and is also named in 
the will of his uncle, Daniel Hendricks, 
published heretofore in full. He re- 
moved from this county. 

I find Daniel Hendrickson running a 
grist mill on the Millstone river, in 
Somerset county. N. J., in the year 1741. 
This may be the same person. His 
grandfather, Hendricks Hendricks..!,. 
uiih Peter Cortelyou, StolTel Probasco, 
Thepdon Polhemus, Hendrick Lott. ,- 
Jacques Cortelyou, Dionje Denyse. and 
Cornelius Wyckoff, purchased in 1701. 
of John Harrison ten thousand acres of 
land in Franklin township. Somerset J 
county, N. J. This land extended from 
Millstone river over to the old Indian 
path which ran from the tails of the 
Delaware River across New Jersey to 
a point about three miles from the 
mouth of the Raritan river. Here the 
river was crossed and the path ran 
over to Mount Pleasant and from there 
to Crawford's Corner, and from there 
over the hills by the residence of Daniel 
Hendricks, the pioneer settler to Ruck- 
man's Hills at Middletown village, and 
here intersected the old Indian path 
from Freehold to the bay shore and to 
Sandy Hook. 

The eight purchasers divided this 
trad int.. eight pints. Now Daniel 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOXMOUTH. 



Hindrickson, the youngest .sun of Wil- 
liam, had an opportunity to learn the 
miller's business in his father's mill on 
Mahoras brook, heretofore mentioned. 
His uncle Daniel, left him by will a 
small lot of land at Perth Amboy. This 
would indicate that Daniel had removed 
to this town or vicinity at the mouth of 
the Raritan river. His grandfather, 
Hendrick, owned lands on the Millstone 
River which afforded a good site for 
grist mills, a business which he under- 
stood. Neither is Daniel Hendricks, the 
youngrest son of William, named in any 
of our county records after the probate 
of his uncle Daniel's will. There is a 
probability from these considerations 
that the miller of this name on the -Mill- 
stone river in 1741 may have been this 

This concludes the family records of 
some of the Dutch settlers of Monmouth 
county. I have not written these arti- 
cles to gratify any foolish family pride 
or vanity, or to instill notions of super- 
iority; for "birth is an accident," and 

parents to children. The plodding, in- 
dustrious, and economical habits of our 
Low Dutch ancestors are worthy of re- 
membrance and imitation. Their ardent 
love of liberty, independence, and truth 
was a mighty factor in the establish- 
ment of this great Republic. Their des- 

of right and duty to carry forward their 
beneficent work, until mankind is freed 
from caste kings, priests and all other 
forms of hereditary bondage or oppres- 
sion. The following lines by Lowell 
express the truth: 



"Let those who will, claim gentle birth. 

And take their pride in Norman blood. 
The purest ancestry on earth. 

Must find its spring in Adam's mud. 
And all, though noble now or base, 

From the same level took their rise. 
And side by side with loving grace. 

Leaped crystal clear from Paradise. 

"Among our sires no high born chief. 

Freckled his hands with peasants' gore; 
No spurred or coronetted thief, 

Set his mailed heel upon the poor. 
No! We are come of a purer line. 

With nobler hearts within the breast ; 
Large hearts, by suffering made divine 

We draw our lineage from the oppressed. 



"There's not a great soul gone before. 

That is not mentioned in our clan. 
Who, when the world took side with po 

Stood boldly on the side of man. 
All hero spirits plain and grand," 

Who for ages ope the door. 
All labor's dusky monarchs stand 

Among the children of the poor. 



To stand behind the 

Or buckle his spurs before the fight. 
We. too. have our ancestral claims 



"And is not this a family tree. 

Worth keeping up from age to age ; 
Was ever such ancestry 

Gold-blazoned on the herald's page? 
In old Monmouth let us still. 

Maintain our race and title pure. 
The men and women of heart and will 

The people who endure." 



ERRORS AND OMISSIONS. 



Page 2, column 1, line 25 :— Date of Albert 
VanCouwenhoven's death should be Sept. IS, 
1748. 

Page 2, column 1, line 30 :— Date of Jacob 
VanOuuwenhoven's death should be June 4, 
1744. 

Page 6, column 2. lines 19 and 20 :— Strike 
out "or Ogburn" after "Peter" and substitute 
"Rhoda Ogbourn" for "Anna Ogden." 

Page 10, column 2, line 43 :— Date of Cath- 
arine Schenck's birth should be March 17, 1762. 

Page 11, column 1, line 4: — Elleanor 
Schenck's marriage to George Crawford should 
be January 27. 1799. 

Page 15. column 2. line 8:— Insert after 
"John R." "the third child of Ruliff and 
Sarah Schenck." 

Page 20, column 1. between lines 29 and 30: 
—Insert "Aletta, born about 1752 ;" a child 
omitted. 

Page 25, column 2, lines 24 and 26 :— Date 
of Roeleff's birth should be Oct. 5. 1706, and 
his death Aug. 20, 1786. The dates printed 
were dates of his wife's birth and death. 

Page 26, column 2, line 36:— "Cathei 
was married to Daniel Hendrickson, Dec. 22, 



1739. 

Page 30, column 2, lines 49 and 50 :— For 
"Antje Hendrickson, his second wife," 
stitute "Jannetje Wyckoff, his first wife." 

Page 37, column 2, line 9:— Col. Elias Con- 
over and Joseph Conover are said to be del 
cendants of William VanCouwenhoven, the 
only brother who remained on Long Island, 
and one or more of his sons settled at Penns 
Neck or vicinity, and it is claimed was the 
progenitor of the above named persons and 
not John Couwenhoven as stated. I do 
know which version is correct. 

Page 41, column 1: — Among the juryr 



named were other Scotchmen besides those 
marked with a star. 

Page 44, column 1, line 4 :— After "Jacob- 
insert "Couwenhoven." 

Page 44, column 2, line 36 :— After "Engelt- 
je" insert words "the second child of Jacob 
VanDorn and Marytje Bennett." 

Page 46, column 1, line 12:— Date of Peter's 
baptism should have been "Sept. 2. 1711." 

Page 48, column 2, line 5:— Date of Antje 
VanDorn and Jan Clerk's marriage should be 
1744. 

Page 48, column 2, line 40: — Date of David 
VanDorn and Mary H. Crawford's marriage 
should be 1844. 

Page 68, column 1, line 32 :— "That he died 
in Monmouth county" is uncertain. le is 
said to have been an Indian trader in the 
Shenandoah Valley, Va. 

Page 79, column 2, line 54: — Substitute 
"better" for "little" before "covenant." 

Page 109, column 2, lines 36 and 37:— I 
should have said that John left children but I 
have no definite information about them. 

Page 112, column 1, lines 9 and 10 of foot 
note :— The Burlington path began to diverge 
from Main street about where residence of late 
Joel Parker stands, and not where the Pres- 
byterian stone church stands. 

Page 139, column 1, lines 66 and 57: — Sub- 
stitute "grandson" for "son" of Samuel For- 



strike out 



nty.' 



Page 139, column 1, in last 1 
"Brigadier General of our Monmouth J 
and substitute "Sheriff of Monmouth c< 

Page 140, column 1. line 15:— Strike out 
"Gen." and substitute "Sheriff" before "David 
Formal." 

Page 144, column 2, on line 37 : — After word 
township, add "and another son named Edgar 
who served with credit during the great rebel- 
lion as a soldier of the Union." 

Page 154, column 2, line 18:— After date 
"July 12, 1758" insert word "married." 



INSCRIPTIONS TAKEN FROM HEADSTONES IN 

SCHENCK-COUWENHOVEN CEMETERY, 

PLEASANT VALLEY. 



Albert Couwenhoven, b. December 6, 1676 ; 
d. Sept. 13. 174S. acred 72 y., 9 m.. 6 d. Son of 
William Garretse Couwenhoven and Jannatie 
Monfort. 

Neeltje Sehenek. b. Jan. 28. 16S1 : d. July 
27. 1751, aged 70 y., 6 m.. 4 d. Wife of Albert 
Couwenhoven and daughter of Roelof ^far- 
tense Schenck and Annetje Wyckoff. 

Neltje Couwenhoven, b. Feb. 7. 1719 ; d. 
Apr. 22, 1738. aged III y„ 2 m.. 15 d. Daugh- 
ter of Albert and Neltje Couwenhoven. 

Christopher, b. Feb. 21. 1774 ; d. Mar. 16, 
1775. aged 1 y.. 25 d. Son of Cornelius Al- 
bertse Couwenhoven and Mary Logan. 

John, b. June 1. 1777: d. Apr. 4. 1783, aged 
5 y., 10 m.. 3 d. Son of Cornelius Albertse 
Couwenhoven and Mary Logan. 

Cornelius C. b. May IS. 1771 ; d. Dec. 20. 
1814, aged 43 y.. 7 m.. 2 d. Son of Cornelius 
Albertse Couwenhoven and Mary Logan. 

John C, b. Nov. 10, 1799 : d. Nov. 26, 1852. 
aged 54 y.. 16 d. Son of Cornelius C. Coven- 
hoven and Elizabeth Covenhoven. 

Elizabeth, b. Sept. 11, 1804 ; d. Jan. 30, 1860, 
aged 55 y., 4 m.. 19 d. Daughter of John 
VanDerbilt and Mary McKildoe, and wife 
John C. Conover. 

Cornelius I., b. Mar. 11. 1826: d. Oct. 
1852. aged 27 y., 6 m., 20 d. Son of John C. 
Conover and Elizabeth Vandel'bilt. 

Emily, b. Aug. 13. 1830 : d. Feb. 14, 18! 
aged 25 y.. 6 m. Wife of Charles K. Buth 
and daughter of John C. Conover and Eliza- 
beth Vanderbilt. 

Isabella, d. Aug. 31, 1S5S. aged 4 y., 5 m.. 5 
d. Daughter of Charles K. Butler and Emily 
Conover. 

Aaron, b. Nov. 29. 1838; d. Mar. 4, 1840, 
aged 1 y.. 3 m.. 5 d. Son of John C. Conover 
and Elizaheth Vanderbilt. 

Eliza, b. Feb. 19, 1824: d. May 9, 1827. aged 
3 y., 2 m., 20 days. Daughter of John C. 
Conover and Elizabeth Vanderbilt. 

Mary, b. Feb. 14, 1792 ; d. Nov. 1, 1801, 
aged 9 y.. 9 m., 18 d. Daughter of Cornelius 
C. Covenhoven and Elizabeth Covenhoven. 

Sarah Jane Honce. wife of Henry D. Smock, 
d. Jan. 7, 1860, aged 24 y., 2 m., 15 d. 

Jacob, son of Isaac and Caroline Smock, d. 
July 18. 1826, aged 2 y„ 8 m.. 7 d. 

William I. Schanck, d. Aug. 12. 1860, aged 
55 y., 8 m. 

Denice D.. son of David K. and Jane 
Schenck. aged 10 m.. 2 d. 

Jane, wife of David K. Schenck, and daugh- 
ter of Denice Schenck and Margaret Polhemus, 
d. Apr. 5, 1823. aged 31 y.. 3 m., 28 d. 

Elizabeth Covenhoven, b. Mar. 7. 1769: d. 
Nov. 16, 1837. Wife of Cornelius C. Coven- 
hoven and daughter of Harmen Covenhoven 
and Phoebe Baylee. 

Daniel I. Schenck, b. Dec. 26, 1778; d. Oct. 



3, 1858, aged 79 y.. 9 m., 29 d. Son of Capt. 
ohn Schenck and Mary Denise. 
Elleanor Schenck, b. Jan. 16, 1783; d. July 



Daniel I 


Schenck 


and daughtei 


of Gar 




Schanck 








Col. J 


ohn Schen 


ck, d. June 


9', 1864. 


a 


89 y., 11 




Son of Capt 


John Schei 


and Mai 


y Denise. 








Micha 


VanNuvsi 


. d. Oct. 185 






Wife of 


Col. John 








Ellean 


jr Sehenek 


. d. 1823. aged 21 y. 




of Ashe 


Carlile and daughter 


of Col. 


Jc 


Schenck 


and Micha 


VanNuys ■. 






Infant 


son of Elleanor Schen 


ck and 





Carlile 



1-2.: 



Garret, son of Col. John Schenck and Mi 
VanNuyse, aged 3 years. 

Anne Maria, daughter of Col. John Sche 
and Micha VanNuyse. aged 1 y., 11 m. 

Anna, daughter of Col. John Sche 
Micha VanNuyse. aged 2 y. 












Jacob Smock. 
8 m„ 24 days. 

William I. Schenck. d. Aug. 12 
55 years. 5 m. 

William C. son of Hendrick 
and Ann Bowne Crawford, b. June 28, 1808, 
d. Aug. 8, 1817. aged 9 y„ 1 m., 25 d. 

Dr. William Johnson Conover. son of John 
I. Conover and Lydia Johnson. 

John I., son of Dr. William J. Conover and 
Catharine S. Conover. 

Rebecca, daughter of Dr. William J. 



nd Catharin 



S. Con 



Feb. 



6 : died 
: Garret 

Rnlnfse 



A. S.. d. Aug. 11. 1742. 

Jacob Covenhoven, b. June 19, 1' 
Oct. 18, 1825, aged 79 y„ 8 m. Son 
Jacobse Couwenhoven and Neeltje 
Schenck. 

Mary Schenck, born Mar. 17, 1757 ; d. Mar. 
7, 1818, aged 60 y., 11 m.. 20 days. Wife of 
Jacob Covenhoven and daughter of Hendrick 
Schenck and Catharine Holmes. 

Hendrick Covenhoven, d. Sept. 17, 1835, 
aged 62 y., 5 m., 9 d. Son of Jacob Coven- 
hoven and Mary Schenck. 

Ann Bowne Crawford, b. June 25, 1788 : d. 
Feb. 10. 1832. aged 43 y.. 7 m.. 14 d. Wife of 
Hendrick Covenhoven and daughter of Wil- 
liam and Rebecca Patterson Crawford. 

Mary Schenck, d. Feb. 2, 1773. aged 1 m., 
21 d. Daughter of Garret G. Schenck, II.. and 
Sarah Covenhoven. 

Garret, minor son of Garret G. Schenck, II.. 
and Sarah Covenhoven. d. Jan. 27. 1781. aged 



15 d. 



Rulif G. Schenck, b. Apr. 27. 1697: d. Aug. 
2. 1768. aged 71 y., 3 m., 25 d. Son of Garret 
.. Schenck. I., and Nelke Voorheese. 

John Schenck. b. Dec. 7. 1717: died Feb. Is. 



EARL ) DUTCH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



1775. aged 57 y„ 2 m., 11 d. Son of Garret R. 
Schenck, I., and Nelke Voorheese. 

Nelly, daughter of Capt. John Schenck and 
Mary Denise. d. Sept. 23, 1773. 

Garret G. Schenck, II., d. Sept. 29, 1797, 
aged 53 y.. 11 m„ 5 d. Son of Garret G. 
Schenck and Jannetje Couwenhoven. 

Sarah Couwenhoven. b. July 23, 1744 ; d. 
Nov. 16. 1805. aged 61 y., 3 m.. 24 d. Wife of 
Garret G. Schenck, II., and daughter of Rulif 
C. Couwenhoven and Sarah Voorheese. 

Rulif C. Schenck, b. Feb. 28. 1778. d. Mar. 
26, 1815. Son of Garret G. Schenck and 
Sarah Covenhoven. 

Anne Schenck, d. Mar. 25, 1807, aged 42 
v., 5 m., 25 d. Daughter of Garret G. Schenck, 
III., and Sarah Couwenhoven. 

Garret G. Schenck, III., d. Aug. 25. 1779, 
aged 16 y., 5 m.. 30 d. Son of Garret G. 
Schenck and Sarah Covenhoven. 

Garret R. Schenck, b. Oct. 27, 1671 ; d. Sept. 
5, 1745, aged 73 y., 10 m.. 8 d. Son of Rolof 
Mr.rtense Schenck and Neeltje Garretse Cou- 

Neeltje Voorheese, b. Oct. 1. 1675. d. Aug. 
1. 1750. acred 74 y., 10 ra., 4 d. Wife of Garret 
R. Schenck and daughter of Koert Voorheese. 

Garret G. Schenck, b. Nov. 2, 1712; d. Aug. 
20. 1757. aired 44 y.. 11 m. Son of Garret R. 
Schenck and Neeltje Koerten Voorheese. 

Janetje Couwenhoven, b. Oct. 6, 1714 ; d. 
Feb. 14, 1792. Wife of Garret G. Schenck 
and daughter of William W. Couwenhoven and 
Antie Lucasse Voorheese. 

Mary, d. Jan. 29, 1758, aged 1 y. Daughter 
of Garret Jacobse Covenhoven and Neeltje 
Rolfese Schenck. 

Aarie VanDoorn, d. Dec. 4, 1748, aged 52 y., 

8 m. Son of Jacob VanDoorn and Marytje 
Bennett. 

Jacob, d. Sept. 9. 1785, aged 52 y.. 9 m., 9 
d. Son of Aarie VanDoorn and Antje Jan 
Schenck. 

Elleanor VanDoorn. d. Feb. 11, 1834, aged 
91 y.. 10 m.. 8 d. Widow of Hendrick Smock 
and Garret Hendrickson and daughter of Aarie 
VanDoorn and Antje Schenck. 

Mary Jane, daughter of Elisha and Jane 
Holmes. 

Ann Golden, daughter of Elisha and Jane 
Holmes. 

Daniel, son of Elisha and Jane Holmes. 

Isaac, son of Elisha and Jane Holmes. 

Peter, son of Elisha and Jane Holmes. 

Joseph, son of Elisha and Jane Holmes. 

John Walter, d. Oct. 11. 1775. aged 45 y„ 

Jane, d. Jan. 6. 1774, aged 22 y.. 7 m.. 5 u. 

Wife of John Walter and daughter of Peter 

Janse Schenck and Janatie Hendrickson. 

John, d. Oct. 13, 1S"37, aged 66 y., 11 m. 

Son of John Walter and Jane Schenck. 

John Schuyler, d. Jan. 4, 1838, aged 7 y., 5 

m.. .'2 .1. Son of Charles O. and Sarah E. 

Walter. 

Cornelius, d. Dec. 9. 17S9. aged 3 m.. 5 d. 

Son of Abraham VanHorn and Anne Coven- 
Samuel Bowne. died Mar. 11. 1799, aged 77 

y. Husband of Patience (Eliase) Covenhoven. 
Alfred Theodore, d. Oct. 15. 1803. aged 1 y.. 

9 in.. 26 d. Son of Conover and Elizabeth 
Bowne of New- York. 

F.lisha Holmes, d. June 17. 1866. aged 69 y.. 
11 m.. 4 d. Son of Joseph Holmes and Nelly 



Jane, born Apr. 29. 1799; d. Sept. 27. ls:i7, 
aged 37 y.. 4 m., 28 d. Wife of Elisha Holmes 
and daughter of Peter VanDorn and Jannatie 
Williamson. 

Arintha, b. Nov. 24, 1798; d. Oct. 30, 1854, 
aged 55 v.. 11 m. Second wife of Elisha 
Holmes and daughter of Schuyler Schenck and 
Margaret Covenhoven. 

Sarah, d. June 30, 1768, aged 13 y.. 1 m., 
4 d. Daughter of Hendrick Schenck ana 
Catharine Holmes. 

Daniel Conover, b. Dec. 20, 1742 ; d. Feb. IS, 
1821, aged 78 y„ 1 m.. 28 d. 

Jacob Conover, b. Nov. 25, 1779 : d. Sept. 9. 
1846, aged 66 y„ 9 m.. 14 d. 

Ensign Elias Covenhoven, b. Sept. ir, 1706 ; 
d. Dec. 25. 1750. aged 44 y., 3 m.. 13 d. Sen 
of Peter Couwenhoven and Patience Daws. 

Willemsee, b. Mar. 24, 1709; d. Mar. 24. 
1759, aged 50 y. Wife of Ensign Elias Cou- 
wenhoven, and daughter of John Wall and 
Mary Hubbard. 

Catharine H.. b. Mar. 17. 1762: d. June 5, 
1816. Daughter of Hendrick Schenck and 
Catharine Holmes. 

Rulif H.. b. Apr. 17. 1753 ; d. Oct. 12. 1800. 
aged 47 y., 5 m.. 5 d. Son of Hendrick 
Schenck and Catharine Holmes. 

Sarah, b. Feb. 13, 1759: d. Apr. 13. 1811. 
aged 52 y„ 2 m. Wife of Rulif H. Schenck 
and daughter of John Schenck and Neltje 

Hendrick. b. June 13. 1777 : d. Dec. 12. 1812. 
Son of Rulif H. and Sarah Schenck. 

Jacob, b. Sept. 13, 179.3 ; d. Dec. 22, 1859. 
Son of Rulif H. and Sarah Schenck. 

Johnathan, b. July 19, 1761 ; d. Apr. 4, 1771. 
Son of Hendrick Schenck and Catharine 
Holmes. 

Rolof, b. Feb. 21, 1602 ; d. Jan. 19, 176S, 
aged 73 y., 10 m., 28 d. Son of Jan Schenck 
and Sarah Couwenhoven. 

Gesye. b. Oct. 9, 1696 ; d. Sept. 20. 17 17. aged 
50 y.. 11 m.. 11 d. Wife of Rolof Schenck 
and daughter of Daniel Hendrickson and 
Catharine VanDyke. 

John, b. Jan. 22, 1720: d. June 27. 1749 
aged 29 y„ 5 m., 5 d. Son of Rolof SchencK 
and Gesya Hendrickson. daughter of Sheriff 
Daniel Hendrickson. 

Hendrick. b. July 29. 1731. d. Aug. 24, 1766. 
aged 35 y., 25 d. Son of Rolof Schenck and 
Gesye Hendrickson. 

Catharine, b. May 11. 1731: d. May 12. 1796. 
aged 63 y.. 1 d. Widow of John and Hendrick 
Schenck. and daughter of Johnathan Holmes 
And Senniche Hendrickson. daughter of ex 
Sheriff Daniel Hendrickson. 

Cornelius R.. b. July 29. 1740. d. Jul> 12, 
1796. aged 55 y., 11 m., 14 d. Son of Rulif C. 
Couwenhoven and Sarah Voorheese. 

Jane, b. Aug. 19, 1740 ; d. Mar. 26, 1799. 
aged 5S y.. 7 m.. 7 d. Wife of Cornelius R. 
Covenhoven, and daughter of Tunis Denise 
and Francinka Hendrickson. 

Teunis. b. Mar. 10. 1761; d. Oct. 30. 1787, 
aged 26 y.. 7 m.. 20 d. Son of Cornelius R. 
Covenhoven and Jane Denise. 

William C, born July 20. 1700 : d. Nov. 10. 
175.-.. aged 55 y.. 3 m., 21 d. Son of Cornelius 
Couwenhoven and Margaratta Schenck 



Jannatie. b. Ja 



26, 



1743 



Willempe Schen 




The Burrowes house, at Middletown 
Point, where the company was formed 
described by Major S. S. Forman. 
Here. also, occurred the raid of "the 
Greens" in the early June morning, the 
-Oth, 177.S. The object was to capture 
the son. Major John, at home for a 
few hours. He was alarmed in time 
to jump from his bed, reach the lower 
story. es:ape through a window, swim 
the creek and find safety through his 
knowledge of the country. 

The picture to the right shows the 
fine old hall of the Burrowes house. 
The chair on the first landing marks 
the spot where Mrs. Burrowes was met 
and sabred by the brutal officer for re- 
fusing her shawl to bind the wounds 
of a raider — a wound resulting in 
blood poisoning and death in very 
early life. The burning of the mills 
owned by Burrowes & Forman is re- 
corded in local histories. The taking 
of John Burrowes, Sr., to a prison ship, 
the seizure of two prominent Tories of 
Middletown by Colonel Henderson and 
William Wikoff, bringing them to Mon- 
mouth jail as hostages, and that se- 
curing Burrowes' release. 



i 

v 


1BS||J 



1PPENDIX. 



1806, aged 60 
C. Covenhoven 
Hendrickson. 



Couwenhoven 



Mary. b. Dec. 6, 1740 : d. Jan. 3. 1806. aged 


Couwenhoven ana daug! 


64 y.. 27 d. Wife of Cornelius Covenhoven 




and daughter of Hendrick Hendrickson and 


Rulif. b. Oct. 5. 1706 


Xeltje Garretse Schenck. 


aged 79 y., 10 m.. 15 


William Hendrick. d. Sept. 26, 1805. aged 


Couwenhoven and Mares 


22 y.. 6 m., 12 d. Only son of Cornelius 


Sarah, b. Apr. 12, 17 


Covenhoven and Mary Hendrickson. 


aged 79 y., 8 m. Wife o 


Cornelius, b. Nov. 29. 1671 ; d. May 16. 1736. 


and daughter of Corne 


aged 64 y.. 5 m.. 17 d. Son of William Gerritse 


Marytje Ditmars. 



RE-INTERMENTS FROM SCHENCK-COWENHOVEN 
CEMETERY TO HOLMDEL CEMETERY. 



John Schenck. b. Feb. 10, 1670: d. Jan. 30, 
1753. Son of Roelof Martense and Neeltje 
Garretse Couwenhoven Schenck. 

Sarah Couwenhoven, b. Jan. 6, 1675 ; d. Jan. 
31, 1761. Wife of John Schenck and daughter 
of William Garretse and Jannetje Monfoort 
Couwenhoven. 

John Schenck. b. June 27, 1722 : d. Dec. 21. 
1808. Son of John and Sarah Couwenhoven 
Schenck. 

Nelly Bennett, b. Nov. 29. 1728: died June 
1, 1810. Wife of John Schenck and daughter 
of Jan Bennett and Eyke VanMater Bennett. 

Mary Schenck. b. Jan. 23, 1769: d. May 12. 
1772. Daughter of John and Nelly Bennett 
Schenck. 

Chrineyonce Schenck, b. Sept. 18. 1753: d. 
young. Son of John and Nelly Bennett 



Sri,,, II 



. gar 



766 



Jan. 13, 1857. Wit'.- ..! ' ... i :.< - .-■■■:. 

and daughter of John and Mary .VanMater 
Po'.hemus 

Daniel P. Schenck. b. May 12, 1805 : d. Dec. 
29. 1»64. Son of Chrineyonce and Margaret 
Polhemus Schenck. 

Lydia H. Longstreet, b. Dec. 18, 1809 : d. 
Apr. 7. 1S38. Wife of Daniel P. Schenck and 
daughter of Hendrick and Mary Holmes 
Longstreet. 

Chrineyonce Schanck. b. Feb. 21, 1838. d. 
Feb. 17, 1839. Son of Daniel P. and Lydia H. 
Longstreet Schenck. 

John C. Schenck. b. June 2, 1797 ; d. Aug. 
22, 1799. Son of Chrineyonce and Margaret 
Polhemus Schenck. 

EUza Schenck, b. Mar. 2, 1799 : d. Dec. 2. 
1799. Daughter of Chrineyonce and Margaret 
Polhemus Schenck. 

Margaret Schenck. b. May 12, 1801 : d. Mar. 
10, 1835. Daughter of Chrineyonce and Mar- 
garet Polhemus Schenck. 

Abigail Schenck. b. Apr. 28, 1S08 : d. May 
31, 1825. Daughter of Chrineyonce and Mar- 
garet Polhemus Schenck. 

John C. Schenck, b. June 6, 1803: d. Aug. 
13. 1S5S. Son of Chrineyonce and Margaret 
Polhemus Schenck. 

Margaret Schenck. d. Jan. 16, 1 S3 1 , aged 1 
y.. 2 m., 28 d. Daughter of John C. and Mar- 



Sarah Schenck. d. Sept. 9, 1834, aged 2 y., 
5 m., 21 d. Daughter of John C. and .Margaret 
Polhemus Schenck. 

Catherine Schenck. d. Feb. 23. 1840; aged 
11 m.. 5 d. Daughter of John C. and Mar- 
garet Polhemus Schenck. 

Chrineyonce Schenck. d. Mar 10, 1861 ; aged 
16 y.. 7 m.. 14 d. Son of John C. and Mar- 
garet Polhemus Schenck. 

Charles Schenck. b. Sept. 1. 1856 : d. Dec. 
30. 1856. Son of Daniel P. Schenck. Jr., and 
Lavenia Conover Schenck. 

Cornelius R. Covenhoven. d. Apr. 11, 1817 ■ 
aged 33 y.. 11 m., 8 d. Son of Cornelius R. 
and Jane Denise Covenhoven. 

Mary Stontenburg. d. Apr. 29. 1861 : aged !■' 
y.. 21 d. Wife of Cornelius R. Covenhoven. 

Holmes Conover. d. May 22. 1860 ; aged 52 
y.. 4 m., 13 d. Son ot Cornelius K. and Mary 
.V:>mtenl.urg Conover. Twice sheriff of Non- 






aged 



■rawford. 

Wife of Holmes Cono 

James A. Crawford. 

Schenck. d. May 28, 1*66 : aged 65 



Conover Sche 
Mary Jane Si 



lly 26. is 10 ; aged 10 



henck. d. Aug. 12. 1 333 ; aged 
m.. 3 d. Children of Garret R. Schenck. 

Garret D. Schenck. d. Nov. 9. 1850, aged 51 
., 2 m., 25 a. 

Sarah Ann Schenck, d. Jan. 5, 1851. aged 
6 y.. 2 m.. 1 d. Wife of Garret D. Schenck. 

Sarah Schenck. d. Dec. 29. 1848, aged 24 y.. 

m.. 27 d. Daughter of Garret D. and Sarah 



George Rappleve. d. Apr. 25. 1869. aged ?:. 
.. 3 m.. 18 d. 

Jane Ann Rappleye. d. July 30, 183S. aged 
5 y., 8 m.. 4 d. Daughter of George and 
llizabeth Smock Rappleye. 

Garret Smock, d. Mar. 30, 1856. aged 90 y.. 



Jane Schenck. u. .Mar. 23. 1850, aged 82 >•.. 
11 m., 30 d. Wife of Garret Smock. 

Capt. John Schenck, d. Aug. 28, 1834 : aged 
89 years. Son of Garret and Jane Conover 
Schenck. 

Mary Denise. d. July 15. 1829. aged 79 y„ 6 



EARL V DUTCH SETTLERS OF MOSMOTTIT 



d. Wife of Capt. John Schenck and daughter 
of Teunis and Francinke Hendrickson Denise. 

David Schenck. b. May 10. 1783 : d. Apr. 23, 
1872. Son of Capt. John and Mary Denise 
Schenck. 

Sarah Smock, d. Feb. 2, 1832, aged 32 y., 2 
m. Wife of David Schenck and daughter of 
George and Margaret VanDeventer Smock. 

John Schenck, b. June 26, 1828; d. Feb. 5. 
1859. Son of David and Sarah Smock Schenck. 

Jane Schenck. d. April 23. 1791, aged 1 y., 
7 m.. 11 d. Daughter of Capt. John and Mary 
Denise Schenck. 

William Schanck. d. Mar. 5, 1844 ; aged 71 
y.. 8 m., 21 d. Son of Capt. John and Mary 
Denise Schenck. 

Garret G. Smock, b. Oct. 31, 1815 ; d. Jan. 



7sr,. .]. 



George <■>■ Unlock. 



May 



1788 ; d. Apr. 



Sarah Smock, b. Jan. 17. 1793; d. Apr. 13. 
1832. Wife of George G. Smock. 

John O. Stillwell, b. Apr. 25, 1763 ; d. Nov. 
17. 1847. 

Mary Schenck. b. Apr. 19. 1775 ; d. Sept. 29, 
1864. Wife of John O. Stillwell and daughter 
of John and Nelly Bennett Schenck. 

Capt. Daniel I. Schenck. b. Apr. 1. 1771; 
d. Aug. 9, 1845. Son of John and Nelly Ben- 
nett Schenck. 

Catharine Smock, b. Mar. 7, 1775 ; d. June 
8. 1839. Wife of Capt. Daniel I. Scl 
daughter of Hendrick and Nelly 
Smock. 

John Schenck. d. Dec. 8. 1798. aged 4 y., 9 
m., 12 d. Son of Capt. Daniel I. and Catharine 
Snmck Schenck. 

John S. Schenck, d. Jan. 18, 1833, aged 22 
y., 4 m.. 29 d. Son of Capt. Daniel I. and 
Catharine Smock Schenck. 

Aaron Longstreet, b. June 9. 1753 ; d. Oct. 



iDnrn 



19. IMin. 



Feb. 



Willempe Hendric 
Oct. 21. 1837. Wife of Aaron Longstreet ani 
daughter of Hendrick Hendrickson and Lydii 



Covenhoven Hendrickson. 

Hendrick H. Longstreet. b. May 
Feb. 26, 1860. Son of Aaron and Willempe 
Hendrickson Longstreet. 

Nelly S. Longstreet. b. Apr. 4. 1783 ; d. 
Sept. 27. 1803. Wife of Obadiah Schenck and 
daughter of Aaron and Willempe Hendrickson 
Longstreet. 

Ann Longstreet. b. Mar. 29. 1812 ; d. May 
28, 1814. Daughter of Hendrick and Mary 
Holmes Longstreet. 

John I. H. Longstreet, b. Feb. 22. 1826 ; d. 
June 14. 1851. Son of Hendrick and Mary 
Holmes Longstreet. 

Hendrick H. Smock, b. Dec. 1, 1805 : d. Oct. 
8, 1841. Son of Barnes B. and Lydia Long- 



Sche 



II. .In 



). Dec. 13, 1S27 ; d. Sept. 
1, 1851. Wife of Daniel S. Conover, and 
daughter of Johnathan I. and Ellen Schenck 

Joseph Holmes, b. Mar. 29, 1822 : d. Aug. 
22, 1825. Son of Johnathan I. and Ellen 
Schenck Holmes. 

Elleanor Hendrickson. b. May 20. 1824 : d. 
Feb. 28. 1844. Wife of John S. Longstreet 
and daughter of Garret D. and Jane Hendriek- 

Peter Schenck. d. June 6. 1837, aged 71 y., 
10 d. Son of John and Nelly Bennet Schenck. 

Rhoda Ogbourne. d. Aug. 21. 1848, aged 83 
y.. 1 m.. 24 d. Wife of Peter Schenck. 

Rhoda Schenck, d. Jan. 28, 1821, aged 20 y.. 
5 m.. 4 d. Daughter of Peter and Rhoda 
Ogbourne Schenck. 

Sarah Schenck, d. Dec. 22. 1823. aged 27 y.. 
20 d. Daughter of Peter and Rhoda Ogbourne 
Schenck. 

John P. Schenck. d. Feb. 10. 1863. aged 57 
y.. 6 m.. 23 d. Son of Peter and Rhoda 
Ogbourne Schenck. 



SCHENCK-COUWENHOVEN MARRIAGES FROM 

RECORDS OF FIRST DUTCH CHURCH OF 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 



Nelly Schenck and Derk Sutphen. Feb. 1 

Garret Schenck and Neltje Voorhees. O. 

Mary Schenck and Aert Sutphen, Nov. 5 

44. 

Ellener Schenck and Edmund Harris. Ja 

non (Ariel Van- 
Margaret Taylor 

Kort Schenck and Rebecca Rogers, Jan. 20 

67. 

John Schenck and Mary Denise. July 31 



4, 1765. 

Geesye Schenck 
Doom. May 9, 176 
Cornelius Schenck 
July 3. 1765. 



176' 



Mary Schenck and Tobias Polhemus. 
21. 1768. 

Jane Schenck and John Walter. Dec. 5. 



Oct. 



Jane Schenck and Daniel Denise. Apr 

Rulif Schenck and Sarah Schenck, Dec 
1774. 

Lea Schenck and John VanCleaf. Nov 



Sche 



77S. 



nd Mary VanMater. Aug. 
and Marya Tyse (Ticel 



Willi: 
Dec. 20. 1778. 

Roelof Schenck and Martha Buckalew. June 
28. 1779. 

Nelly Schenck and Joseph VanCleaf. Dec. 



Nelly Schenck and Joseph Holm 
785. 
Anne Schenck and Denyse Hendr 



Oct. 



APPENJy/X. 



iKirk. Dec. 12, 



Garret Schenck and Ja 

Rulif Schenck and Sarah MacMullen, Feb. 

Nelly Schenck and Thomas Shepherd, Oct. 

22. 1790. 

John Schenck and Polly Quackenbush. Feb. 
24. 1791. 

Geeshe Schenck and Isaac Harris, May 5, 
1791. 

Teunis Schenck and Altie VanDeveer, Dec. 
13, 1792. 

Nelly Schenck and Garret Denise. Jan. 16, 
1793. 

Peter Schenck and Sarah Shepherd, Oct. 26, 

Nelly Schenck and Thomas Shepherd, Jan. 
19, 1795. 

Rulif Schenck and Sarah Bennet, Jan. 28, 

Denye Schenck and Margaret Polhemius, 
Oct. 31, 1798. 

Daniel Schenck and Ellener Schenck. Feb. 
10, 1801. 

Gitty Schenck and Jacob VanDoorn. Feb. 
4, 1802. 

El'enor Schenck and William Denyse, Feb. 

23. 1802. 

John Schenck and Sarah Laen. Dec. 20, 1802. 

Francyntie Schenck and William Nicolas. 
Feb. 5. 1803. 

Ellener Schenck and Daniel Stoutenburg, 
Oct. 13. 1805. 

Mary Schenck and Joseph Dorsett. Oct. 27, 
1805. 

Mary Schenck and John Stilwell, Mar. 25, 

atharine Schenck and Peter VanKirk, Dec. 
K. Schenck and Anne VanCleaf, Dec. 
Schenck and John Whitlock. Feb. 20, 
Schenck and Mary Schenck, Jan. 
ick Schenck and Sarah Schenck, Dec. 
Schenck and John S. Walter. Sept. 27, 



1806 



1810. 



1811. 






1814. 

Jonathan G. Schenck and Ellener Schen 
Feb. 9, 1815. 

Garret Schenck and Lydia Schenck. 
1815. 

Jane Schenck and Aaron Lane, May 15, 1! 

Catharine Schenck anil Joseph Combs, I 
23. 1816. 

David Schenck and Sarah Schenck, Nov. 

Elisha Schenck and Idah Schenck. Dec. 
1818. 

Garret Schenck and Sarah Ann Schen 



1820. 



Wil 



Sarah <\, 






■id John 



Aeltje Couwenhoven I widowl 
Middah. Feb. 3. 1740. 

Pieter Albertse Couwenhoven 
Voorhees, May 19. 1741. 

Helena Couwenhoven and E 
Cleaf. July 2. 1741. 

Roelof Couwenhoven and Jam 
son. Aug. 12. 1741. 



Jacob Couwenhc 
oven, Dec. 21. 17. 

Sarah Couwenh' 
7. 1743. 

Catharine Couv, 
rickson. Dec. 



nd Margaret Couwen 
and Arie Laen. Ma: 
en and Daniel Hen 
and Antje Hendrick 



son. (widow) Mar. 17, 

John Couwenhoven and Catharine Voorhees. 
Oct. 19. 1744. 

Arintha Couwenhoven and Cornelius Leister. 
ILuyster) May 19. 1746. 

Catharine Covenhoven and David VanDer- 
veer. Feb. 28. 1765. 

Albert Covenhoven and Patience Coven- 
hoven, Dec. 1. 1765. 

Jane Covenhoven and Peter Longstreet, Dec. 

3. 1765. 

Cobatje Covenhoven and Cyrenius VanMater. 
Apr. 6, 1766. 

Cornelius Covenhoven and Mary Hendrick- 
son, Jan. 13. 1767. 

Sarah Covenhoven and Joseph Thompson, 
Feb. 19, 1767. 

Cornelius Covenhoven and Mary Logan, July 

Nelly Covenhoven and Barrent Smock. July 
Ghasie Covenhoven and Hendrick Coven- 
Oct. 

Catharine Covenhoven and Samuel Buckalue. 
Jan. 26. 1775. 

Roelof Covenhoven and Altje Voorhees, Feb. 
I, 1775. 

Sarah Covenhoven and Derrick Barkalo. 
Mar. 28, 1775. 

Agnes Covenhoven and William Remsen. 
Mar. 18. 1778. 

Aeltje Covenhoven and Mathys Laen. Apr. 
29. 1778. 

Anne Covenhoven (widow) and Benjamin 
Griggs. Nov. 26, 1778. 

Geartrury Covenhoven and Jacob Allen. 
Jan. 14, 1779. 

William Covenhoven and Mary Wall. Nov. 

4. 1779. 

Jane Covenhoven and Abraham Golden. Nov. 
25. 1779. 

Sarah Covenhoven and Johannes DeGiaef. 
Mar. 9. 1780. 

l and Hendrick Williamsen, 

and William Combs. Aug. 

nd Hendrick Hen- 



Nelly Covenh 
Mar. 23. 1780. 

Lea Covenho 
31. 1780. 

Francinke Covenhover 
drickson. May 13. 1781. 

nhoven and Joseph Willet. 



Feb. 



1782 



es VanClef, 


Jan. 1, 1783. 




Sarah Couw 


d Cornelius 


June 21. 17S3. 




Teunis Coven 


d Willempe 


Mar. 19. 1783. 




Jane Covenht 


amin Van- 


Apr. 10. 1783. 
John Covenhc 




1783. 


e Hendrick- 


Anne Covenh 



Catharine Covenhoven and Hendrick Laen. 
Nelly Covenhoven and George Laen. May 14. 
William Covenhoven and Elizabeth Mount. 



•n and Hannah VanBrakle. 
and Hendrick VanDerbilt. 
and Anne Smock, May 23, 



VanDoorn. 



EARL V /TV, // SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



Anne Covenhove 
3, 1785. 



19, 17S6. 

Jacob Cov 
Dec. 13. 1781 

Mary Covt 



and John Willct. Ja 






Teunis Covenhoven : 
)ec. 7. 1788. 
Garret Covenhoven 

Roelof Cov' 



d Thomas Shields. Mar. 

nd Martha VanDerlme:. 

and Mary Covenhoven. 

hoven and Sarah VanDerveer. 
in. 12. 1789. 
Mary Covenhoven and Samuel Forman. Mar. 

John Covenhoven and Anne VanBrunt, Nov. 

. 17S9. 

Nelly Covenhoven and Cornelius VanHorn 

Cath 



794. 



Ebenezer Conover and Mary LerTerson, Dec. 
17, 1807. 

Mary Conover and John VanDoorn. Jan. 30. 
1809. 

Elizabeth Conover and John G. Taylor. Mar. 
8, 1809. 

Jane Conover and Stacey Prickott, June 15, 

Rulif Conover and Pamilla Wallen, (Wal- 
ling) July 17. 1809. 

John Conover and Ann Smock, Feb. 8, 1814. 

George Conover and Mary Dubois. June 19. 
1815. 

Peter Conover (widower) and Patience 
Scott. June 12, 1816. 

Jacob Conover and Elleanor Smock, Nov. 
13. 1816. 

Elleaner Conover and Daniel West. Dec. 6, 
1817. 



790. 
ne Covenhoven and John VanDer- 


Catharine Conover and John Frc 
1818. 


st, Jan. 12 


Covenhoven and Mary Schenck. Jan. 


Anne Conover and William Jacks 
1819. 


on. Oct. — 


Covenhoven (widow), and Aron 
Crane. May 16. 1792. 
Covenhoven and Nelly Heyer, June 


Jane Conover and Peter Garret 
1820. 

Willempe Conover and Garret 
Feb. 26, 1821. 


en, Feb. 3. 



Nelly Covenhoven and Aaert Wycof, Oct. 

n and Caleb Stillwell. Dec. 

en and Elizabeth Shepherd, 

Teun 

DuBois. Mar. 

and Daniel Little, Mar. 

en and Margaret Hans, 

Deoc 



1794 

Nelly Covenhov 
7. 1796. 

Albert Covenho 



Margaret Covenhoven 
(I ubbard) Jan. 5. 1797 
Peter Covenhoven and Sophi 



Cornelius Covenhov 
Nov. 26. 1797. 

Nelly Covenhoven and Caleb St 
10, 1797. 

Sarah Covenhoven and Daniel G. Hend: 
son. Dec. 21. 1797. 

Peter Covenhoven and Mary Rue. Feb 



ick- 



Den 



Peter F.-.nran Covenhoven and Ja 
Nov. 27, 1799. 

Elleanor Conover and William He 
31, 1801. 

William Conover and Jane VanDe 
19, 1801. 

Ghasey Conover (widow) and David Gordon. 
Aug. 20, 1S01. 

Elizabeth Conover and Daniel Dubois 



Sarah Conover and 

Doom, Mar. 14. 1803. 

Martinus (Matthias) 



Albert (Elber 



John G. H. Conover and Gertrude VanDer- 
bilt, Dec. 31. 1823. 

Rachael Conover and Adam Conrow. Feb. 
25, 1835. 

Jane Conover and Levi Solomon Sutphen. 
Feb. 24, 1836. 

Sarah Ann Conover and William Statesir. 
Apr. 20. 1836. 

Mary Conover and John Taylor. Jan. 29. 
1838. 

William Conover and Mary Otterson. Oct. 
10. 1838. 

John Schuyler Conover and Emeline Heyer. 
Nov. 4, 1840. 

Mary Louiza Conover and James VanKirk. 
Nov. S. 1S40. 

Mary Ann Conover and Aaron Sutphen, Nov. 
23, 1841. 

Ellen Conover and Isaac G. Smock, Dec. 
23. 1841. 

John Schenck and Cobatje Covenhoven, Oct. 
14. 1769. 

Mary Schenck and Jacob Covenhoven. Apr 
25. 17T1. 

Jan Schenck and Jacomin 
Nov. 26, 1741. 

Neltje Schenck and Garret C 



Cov 



William Conover and Catharine- Sutph.-n. 
an. 16. 1805. 
Mary S. Conover and Joseph Sutphen, Apr. 



Jane Con. 
23. 1805. 

Lewis Conover and Catharine 



Anne Conover and Sid: 
1806. 

Mary Conover and Jam< 
1806. 



nd Jonathan R. Gordon. Oct. 

May 

7 Denise. Nov. 18. 

Patterson. Dec. 31, 

Wary Si- lutcjiliui j. 



Oct. 
Schenck and Rulif Covenhoven, June 

Schenck and Elizabeth 

1775. 

Jane Schenck and John Covenhoven, Aug. 
, 1778. 
Nelly Schenck and Jacob Covenhoven, Dec. 

Mary Schenck and Garret Covenhoven, Jan. 



2. I ■,92. 



Schenck and Nelly Covt 



T'.'7. 



Aug. 



Schuyler Schenck and Margaret Covenhov 
Feb. IS. 1798. 

Mary Schenck ano Elias Covenhoven. July 



APPENDIX. 



Catharine Schenck and Jacob I. Covenhoven 
ept. 26, 1799. 

De Lafayette Schenek and Nelly Covenho .en 
lee. 17, 1805. 

Sarah Schenek and Garret Conover, Jan. 6 
807. 

James Schenck and Anne Conover, Dec. 21 
809. 

Peter Schenck and Nelly Conover. Apr. 3 
811. 

William Schenck and Anne Conover, Mai 



John H. Schenck and Jane Conover, (widow) 
lug. 2, 1812. 

L'i. hraim Loree Schenck and Nelly ('.mover. 
lent. 15, 1812. 

Marya Schenck and Troley Conover, Dec. 9. 

Mary Schenck and Garret Conover, Dec. 11, 

Ar'intha Schenck and William Conover, Feb. 

'Anne Schenck and Martinus (Matthias! 
'.onover, (his second wife} Apr. is. 1822. 



TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIONS, 



Old Tennent Cemetery. Tennent. N. J. 

Anna Denise, wife David Forman, a 
daughter of Teunis Denise and Francin 
Hendrickson. d. Sept. 9. 1798. aged 63 y. 

William Forman. d. Jan. 31. 1S23. aged 
y.. 5 m„ 5 d. 

Francinka Hendrickson. wife William F< 
man. and daughter of Garret Hendrickson a 
Catharine Denise, 
y.. 



19, 






John 



,'en, d. Nov. 3. 1821. aged 79 y. 
iven, wife John Covenhoven, 
aged 86 y. 

John Covenhoven. Jr., son of John and Mary 
Covenhoven, d. Oct. 3. 1804. aged 29 y. 

Elizabeth Hendrickson, wife of John R. 
Schenek, d. Nov. 15, 1831, aged 26 y. 

Joseph L. Covenhoven, elder of this church, 
d. Apr. 3, 1853, aged 71 y.. 2 m., 17 d. 

Gertrude Covenhoven, wife Joseph L. Coven- 
Jan. 19, 1853, aged 75 y., 6 m. 

son of Joseph L. and 
d. Jan. 6. 1838. aged 



Nov. 1 1. 



Charles Cove 



Gertrude Covenho 
22 y.. 8 m., 16 d. 

Rulif P. Schenck, d. Apr. 8, 1854. aged 18 
y.. 10 m„ 16 d. 

Rulif R. Schenck, b. June 20, 1784 : d. June 
28, 1860. 

David Covenhoven. d. Sept. 20. 1822, aged 
62 y. 

Esther Covenhoven, wife David Covenhoven. 
d. July 1, 1829. aged 61 y. 

Ann Covenhoven, daughter of David and 
Esther Covenhoven, d. Mar. 2. 1868. aged 73 

William Covenhoven, d. Aug. 12, 1852, aged 
78 y.. 1 m.. 20 d. 

Jane VanDeveer. wife William Covenhoven. 
and daughter of David VanDeveer and Cath- 
arine Covenhoven, d. Jan. 16. 1858. aged 83 



Jacob Conover. d. Dec. 



IXifi. aged 



Ellen L. VanDevere, wife Jacob 
. Sept. 24, 1846, aged 29 y„ 9 m., 
Wycof Conover, d. May 3. 1833, a 



ged 19 



Ely Conover, wife of Wycof Conover. d. r 
11, 1880, aged 90 y.. 2 m. 

William B. Covenhoven. d. Aug. 15, 1 
aged 55 y., 2 m., 12 d. Son of Benja 
Covenhoven. 

Elleanor Forman, wife William B. Gov 
hoven. daughter Peter Forman and Ellea 
Willemssn. d. Aug. 20, 1823. aged 71 y. 



1849. ageo 61 y. 

Margaret Covenhove 
W. Covenhoven. d Fe 
3 m.. 26 d. 

Peter Forman. Esq., 



Benjamin 






aged 17 
Daniel 



ii.. 10 d. 

Uiamsen. wife Peter Forr 
of Aert Willemsen and An 
Nov. 6. 1771, aged 51 y.. 1 



6 d. 



Covenhoven and Jane De 
aged 41 y.. 20 d. 

Margaret Covenhoven, wife Daniel D. Coven- 
hoven. d. Oct. 2. 1882, aged 83 y. 

Garret B. Covenhoven, son of Benjamin 
Covenhoven. d. Dec. 18, 1824. aged 63 y.. 11 



\\i 



lan. wife Garret B. Covenhoven. 
3 eter Forman and Elleanor Wil- 
ts, 184(1, aged 78 y., 1 m.. 29 d. 
j. Conover, son of Garret and 
oven. d. May 22. 1S34. aged 46 

erbert, wife Benjamin G. Con- 
15. 1863. aged 78 y.. 11 m., 1 d. 
Conover, d. Feb. 22. 1837, aged 



Catharine Covenhoven, daughter of Garret 
B. Covenhoven and Lydia Forman. d. Nov. 
13. 1830. aged 40 y.. 26 d. 

Mary F. Covenhoven. daughter of Garret B. 
and Lydia Forman Covenhoven. b. Dec. HI. 
1795: d. Sept. 1. 1883. 

Allice Conover. b. Oct. 18. 1800 : d. May 18. 

Robert Covenhoven, d. Apr. 1, 1826. aged 
4 5 y. 

John M. Covenhoven, d. Sept. 13. 1828, aged 
70 y., 7 m. 

Ann Covenhoven, wife John M. Covenhoven, 
d. Aug. 24. 1855, aged 91 y., 2 d. 

Elizabeth Conover. wife Joseph Preston, d. 
Feb. 24, 1871, aged 57 y., 7 m.. 15 d. 

Rulif Vandevere. son David Vandevere and 
Catharine Covenhoven, d. Sept. 13. 18111. aged 



Catha 
Vandev, 



of Rulif 



EARLY DUTCH SETTLERS OE MO.XMOI TH '. 



Sarah Covenhoven, wife Garret H. Coven- 
oven, d. Mar. 15, 1856, aged 71 y., 11 m. 
Joseph W. Covenhoven, d. May 2, 1819, aged 



Richard Cono 
81 y„ 5 m., 12 ( 

Hannah Cono' 
y., 6 d. 

Mary Conover 



d. Sept. 



Old Yellow Meeting House Cemetery, 
Imlaystown, N. J. 

James Holmes, d. Mar. 6, 1825 ; aged 20 y.. 
7 m.. 29 d. 

Sarah Bruere, wife of John H. Bruere and 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Holmes, d. June 
20, 1831, aged 23 y. 

John H. Bruere, b. July 13, 1803 ; d. Sept. 
15, 1864. 

Joseph Holmes, son of Joseph and Mary 
Holmes, b. Nov. 24, 1800 : d. Aug. 1. 1897. 

Deborah lolmes, wife of John Holmes, d. 
May 6, 1811, aged 64 y.. 6 m.. 24 d. 

John Holmes, son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Holmes, d. Aug. 10. 1783; aged 39 y., 5 m. 

Jonathan Holmes, d. Aug. 4, 1777 (or 1,) 
aged 38 y.. 8 m., 2 d. 

Lydia Holmes, d. Feb. 14. 1783, aged 38 y. 

Joseph Holmes. Esq.. d. Aug. 31, 1809. aged 
72 y., 8 m. 

Phoebe Holmes, wife of Joseph Holmes, d. 
Feb. 25. 1786. aged 49 y., 6 m. 

Joseph Holmes, d. July 16. 1815, aged 43 y.. 
5 m.. 16 d. 

Mary Holmes, wife of Joseph Holmes, d. 
June 28, 1833, aged 59 y.. 3 m., 25 d. 

Forman Hendrickson. b. 1836 ; d. 1889. 

Elizabeth Clover, widow of Daniel Hendrick- 



d. No 



iged 



y.. 10 n 
!1, 1843, 



Gilbert Giberson, 
y.. 2 m.. 29 d. 

Rachael Giberson, wife of Gilbert Giberson, 
d. June 23. 1833, aged 80 y„ 3 m. 

Allice Holmes, daughter of Jonathan and 
Lydia Holmes, d. Mar. 16. 1790, aged 14 y., 
3 m., 2 d. 

Mrs. Eliza Ellis, consort of Rowland Ellis. 
a merchant of Philadelphia: d. May 9, 1798, 
aged 20 y.. 4 m., 9 d. 

John Polhemius. d. Sept. 15, 1793. aged 72 y. 

Allis Holmes, wife of John Polhemius and 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Holmes, d. 
Apr. 10, 1788. aged 61 y.. 10 m. 

Sarah Throckmorton, daughter of John and 
Sarah Throckmorton, d. Mar. 8, 1805. aged 



Peter Wykoff. d. July 



1864. aged 48 y., 



Harriet Wykoff. widow of Peter WykolT. d. 
Mar. 31, 1861, aged 51 y., 10 m.. 14 d. 

John Salter, d. Aug. 29. 1723, aged 28 y.. 



Samuel Yendrickson. son of Tobias 


and 


Rebecca Hendrickson. d. Mar. 13, 1813, 








Alckey Hendrickson. wife of Samuel 


Hen- 


drickson, d. Mar. 2. 1828, aged 58 y.. 
17 d. 

Tobias Hendrickson, d. May 25, 1811, 


1 m., 


aged 



Rebeka Coward, widow of TobiaB Hendr 
an, d. June 6, 1815. aged 72 y.. 7 m.. 10 i 
Gilbert Hendrickson, son of Tobias 



Rebeka Hendrickson, 
y., 6 m., 13 d. 

Allis Hendrickson, 
d. Ja 



d. Feb. 21, 1837. aged 72 

relict of Gilbert Hen- 
1852. aged 84 y.. 2 m. 
d. July 30. 1760. 
■ of Rev. John Coward. 



Rev. John Cow 

Allis Coward, 
d. Oct. 30. 1766. 

Idah Hendrickson. wife of Tobias Hendrick- 
son and daughter of David and Easter Coven- 
hoven. d. Oct. 27, 1815, aged 26 y„ 4 m„ 12 d. 

Tobias Hendrickson. son of Gilbert and Allis 
Hendrickson, d. Dec. 22, 1833, aged 11 y., 6 d. 

Samuel Hendrickson, d. May 8, 1818. aged 
52 y.. 9 m., 15 d. 

George W. Cox, d. Aug. 8, 1874. aged 64 y.. 
6 m.. 27 d . 

Francinke Hendrickson, wife George W. Cox, 
daughter of William and Elleanor Hendrick- 
son, d. Apr. 29, 1854, aged 31 y., 8 m., 11 d. 

Peter Perrine Hendrickson. son of Tobias 
nd Margaret 






6 d. 



Eastur Ashton, d. Ja 
4 d. 



ls2.->. ageil 



Garret Covenhoven. d. Dec. 21, 1SS1. ag 
56 y., 7 m., 1 d. 

Allice Hendrickson. wife Garret Covenhove 
d. Aug. 20, 1855, aged 80 y„ 5 m„ 7 d. 

Jacob Covenhoven. son of Garret and Alii 
Covenhoven. d. May 10. 1828. aged 28 y.. 3 r 
10 d. 

Rebeka P. Covenhoven. wife Jacob Cove 



Cath: 



b. Oct. 13. 1802 ; d. June 2. 
.rine Covenhoven. wife Willi: 
ughter of Garret and Allic 
1. Nov. 17, 1828. aged 20 y., 5 
rd H. Covenhoven. b. July 



1858. 



M.-ir 



S. Meirs. d. Au 



11, 1859. 
1838: d. 
7 ; d. Ja 



Aug. 



Dec. 



Martha Polhemus. b. A 
31, 1854. 

Job Polhemus. b. Oct. 
1897. 

Mary Hodson, wife of Job Polhen 
8, 1816: d. May 21, 1894. 

Tobias Polhemus, b. Nov. 5. 1795 : d. Mar. 
10, 1878. 

Sarah Meirs. wife Tobias Polhemus. b. July 
28, 1802 : d. Sept. 30. 1880. 

Arthur Polhemus, son of Tobias and Sarah 
Polhemus. d. Jan. 22. 1863. aged 22 y., 10 m.. 
22 d. 



Sarah A. Emt 
.. 10 m„ 3 d. 
Jacob Hendri( 



d. Ja 



Aug. 15, 



aged 33 
10. aged 



Elizabeth Mount, wife Jacob Hendrickson. 
d. July 21, 1832, aged 76 y.. 6 m., 12 d. 

Michael Mount, d. Feb. 4. 1805, aged 85 y. 

Mary Mount, wife Michael Mount, d. Sept. 
2. 1809. aged 70 y. 

Samuel Forman, d. Aug. 4, 1817, aged 78 
y.. 9 m„ 7 d. 

Margaret Forman. wife Samuel Forman. d. 
July 17, 1824. aged 74 y.. 4 m.. 1 d. 

Ezekiel Forman, son of Samuel Forman and 
Mary Wilbore. d. Oct. 3. 1746. aged 39 y.. 11 

Elizabeth Seabrooke. wife Richard Mount. 



vife 



Forn 



APPE 


NDIK. ix- 


Richard Hendrickson, b. Sept. 6, 1800 ; d. 


John P. Bergen, d. Jan. 11. 185<>. aged 34 y ., 


Mar. L6, 1873. 


3 m.. 11 d. 


Jljiv T!i. .mas. wife Richard Hendrickson. 


John W. Covenhoven. d. July 16. 1854, aged 


b. Dei 10, 1 80! d Jan. L6, 1880. 




Michael Hendrickson, son of Jacob and 


Phoebe Covenhoven. wife of Peter Coven- 


Elizabeth Hemlri. 1 M.n, b Mar. 2. 1776; .1. 


hoven. d. May 14, 1826, aged 78 y„ 5 m„ 24 d. 


July 11, 1811. 


John P. Covenhoven. d. Apr. 12. 1835, aged 


Sarah Horsfull. wife Michael Hendrickson, 


57 y. 


d. Aug. 4, 1851. aged 71 y., 10 m., 6 d. 


Lydia Dunkin. wife John P. Covenhoven, 


Samuel M. Hendrickson. d. Auk. 29, L819, 


d. Aug. 2. 1851. aged 75 y. 




Stephen Covenhoven. d. Sept. 8, 1837. aged 


Richard Horsfull. d. Oct. 4, 1859. aged 55 




y„ 5 m„ 21 d. 




Elizabeth I endrickson. wife Richard Hors- 


d. July 13, 1841. aged 54 y. 


full, d. Feb. 7, 1859, aged 55 y.. 5 m., 5 d. 


Elias J. Conover. d. tent. 29, 1861. aged 49 


William J. Hendrickson. d. Feb. 15. 1893. 


y.. 11 m.. 9 d. 


aged 70 y. 


Arthur and Elleanor Wyckoff : he died Aug. 


Peter G. Hendrickson. d. Dec. 30. 1862, aged 


178-1, aired 67 y. ; she died Mar. 1788. aged 68 v. 


76 y.. 17 d. 


Jane Lane, wife of Aaron Lane. d. Aug. 20. 


Catharine Hendrickson. widow of Peter G. 


1836, aged 4-1 y. 


Hendrickson, d. Jan. 8. 1868. aged 81 y„ 5 m.. 




25 d. 


Second Church, Cranbury. N. J. 


Gilbert P. Hendrickson. d. May 14. 1861, 


Richard G. Konover, d. Aug. 11. 1866, aged 


aged 15 y.. 5 m.. 19 d. 


60 y., 8 m., 28 d. 


Hannah W. Hendrickson. d. Dec. 11, 1865. 




aged C2 y.. 3 mo., 6 d. 


Perm's Neck Cemetery. 


William 10. Hendrickson. son of Gilbert and 




Hannah Hendrickson, d. Dec. 23. 1866. aged 


Richard Schenck. d. July 22. 1854. aged 52 
y.. 18 d. 

John J. Schenck, son of Capt. John Schenck 


19 y., 5 m., 17 d. 

Mary E. Hendrickson. daughter of Anthony 
and Lydia ! endrickson, b. Sept. 23. 1863 : d. 


and Mary VanDorn. d. Feb. 3, 1857. aged 77 
y., 8 m.. 6 d. 

Elizabeth Schenck. wife John I. Schenck. d. 


May 13, 1867. 

Charles H. Polhemus. b. Feb. 6. 1834 ; d. 


Nov. 10. 1871. 

Mary Polhemus. wife George Hendrickson, 


Mar. 9. 1857. aged 76 y.. 8 m.. 6 d. 


^ James F. Schenck. d. July 11. 1865. aged 


b. May 29, 1836 ; d. May 28. 1888. 


Riehnt-H R ^rhonpl- A Sent ■-( 1B7H -,<to,) 



First Church, Cr 

Peter Wyckoff, d. Mar. 



1S55. aged 



E'izabeth Wyckoff. wife Peter Wyckoff. d. 
Dec. 1895, aged 95 y.. 9 m.. 12 d. 

William Schenck. d. Apr. 11. 1821, aged 44 
y.. 1 m.. 28 d. 

Sarah Schenck, wife William Schenck and 
daughter of Thomas Wetherel, d. Nov. 10. 

James Gaston.' sm of Hugh and Jane Gaston, 
d. Oct. 20, 1738. aged 33 y.. 1 m.. 18 d. 

William Covenhoven. d. Mar. 10. 1813. aged 
47 y. 

Sarah Covenhoven, wife- William Coven- 
hoven, d. Apr. 28. 1853. aged 87 y. 

Peter Covenhoven. d. Feb. 9. 1816. aged 23 y. 

Mary Dey Covenhoven, d. Dec. 7. 1S17. aged 
23 y. 

Phoebe Covenhoven, d. July 8, 1815. aged 
17 y. 

Lammetie Remsen, wife Luke Schenck. d. 
Jan. 31, 1780. aged 58 y„ 8 m.. 10 d. 

Martin Schenck. d. Nov. 2, 1818, aged 35 y.. 
8 m.. 16 d. 

Samuel Longstreet, d. Dec. 21, 1829, aged 
94 y 

William W. Covenhoven, d. May 9. 1803, 



ife Wi 



Cov 



Sept. 3, 1878. aged 
) y.. 11 m. 
Nathaniel Schenck. d. Oct. 6, 1886. aged 



tenck. wife John D. 
47 ; d. July 10. 1880. 
Schenck, b. Apr. 22. 1 


Schenck. 
323; d. M 


b. 


Stults. 


wife William 


Schenck, 


b. 


Schenck 

29 d. 


. d. Sept. 18, 


1839. aged 


2. aged 

Kovenho 


. wife John A 
77 y., 7 d. 
ven. b. Dec. 


. Schenck. 


d. 
d. 



ihoven, wife William Koven- 
-I. 1817, aged 38 y., 9 m., 6 d. 
enhoven, d. Aug. 26. 1843, aged 



George F. Kovenhoven 



Nov. 2. 1815. aged 



ne and a half miles from Princi 


Elton, between 
n. N. J.: 


Eve Schenck. widow of John 
Nov. 21, 1810. 
Albert G. Schenck, d. May 21 


R. Schenck, 



EARLY DUTt '// SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



and daughter of Cornelii 



Harmon 


Couwenhove 


:n, d. 


Ja 


n. 4, 1804. aged 


63 y., 7 n- 












Phoebe 


Baley, wife 


Han 




l Couwenhoven, 


d. Feb. 2. 


1832, aged 


87 y„ 


9 


m.. 16 d. 




Elias C. 


Schenek, d. 


Nov. 


5, 


1800. aged 6 


y.. 


7 m.. 17 d 












Elizabeth Schenek, d 


. May 5, 


1785. aged 7 






Schenek, aoi 


it of 


Ja 


n Schenek : 


md 


Mary Joh 


nson, d. Oct. 25. 


1822, aged 66 


y- 



Peggy Schenek, wife Joseph Schenek and 
daughter of William and Elizabeth Coven- 
hoven. d. July 18, 1804, aged 38 y.. 4 m., 8 d. 

Anney Schenek. daughter of Joseph and 
Peggy Schenek, d. Oct. 25, 1776. 

Margaret Schenek, d. Aug, 5, 1816, aged 70 y. 

Mary Schenek. d. Sept. 12, 1769. 

Garret Schenek, d. May 11, 1810, aged 68 y. 

Jacob R. Schenek, son of Ruleph and 
Engeltie Schenek. d. Dec. 19, 1786, aged 60 y. 

Mary Schenek, wite William P. Schenek, d. 
July. 1829, aged 70 y. 

William Kouwenhoven, d. Oct. 7, 1777, aged 



35 



Gail 



A. Schenek. d. Ma 



aged 



Baptist Church Yard, Holmdel, N. J 

Leah Bown, widow of Daniel Holmes, d 
Mar. 15, 1813, in 77th year. 

James Holmes. Esq., d. Friday, Aug. 13 
1762, aged 66 y„ 6 m„ 4 d. This man was : 
member of the Colonial Legislature of Nev 

Old Red Meeting House Yard. 

near residence of late Dr. Cook. Holmdel, N. J 
Here was site of first Dutch church in ok 
township of Middletown. 



John C. VanMater, b. Jan. 30, 1793 ; d. 
Sept. 8, 1867. 

Lucy, wife John C. VanMater. d. Jan. 23. 
1861, age 63 y., 3 m. 

Cyrenius Bennet, d. Apr. 20, 1850, age 70 
y., 9 m., 17 d. 



Albert Bennet. d. June 17, 1857, age 81 
1 m., 7 d. 
Rebecca, wife Albert Bennet, d. Feb. 

858, age 83 y., 1 



Bennett, d. Oct. 13, 1853, age 
47 y„ 5 ,n„ 7 d. Wife, Ann S. Schenek. d. 
Nov. 8, 1879, age 76 y., 7 m., 13 d. 

Alchey, wife Isaac I. Conover and daughter 
of John W. and Elizabeth Bennet, d. Feb. 19. 



1846, 



16 d. 



Alchey Snider, wife of Dt 

Sept. 30, 1837, age 76 y., 2 

Derrick Zutphen, d. Feb. 



ck Zutphe 
25 d. 
1832, ac 



f, wife of Derrick Zutphen, d. Apr. 13. 



From Smock Grave Yard, 

n farm of late Peter R. Smock at Holmdel: 

Cornelia Stillwell. wife of William R. 
mock, d. May 26, 1853, age 37 y.. 5 m.. 29 d. 

Barnes B. Smock, d. Sept. 26, 1854, age 
y., 3 m., 13 d. 

Lydia Longstreet. wife of Barnes B. Smock. 
. Feb. 17, 1865. age 84 y.. 1 m., 6 d. 

Rulif Smock, d. Sept. 24, 1834, age 65 y„ 
m., 4 d. 

Mary VanDoorn, wife Rulif Smock, d. Aug. 
1. 1865, age 87 y.. 5 m., 21 d. 

Sarah Couwenhoven. wife of George Smock, 
en., d. Mar. 30, 1794. age 38 y.. 11 m.. 6 d. 

Mathias Laen, d. Jan. 15. 1824, age 75 y. 

Catharine Smock, wife Mathias Laen, d. 
let. 12. 1837, age 78 y. 



MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY ELDER 
JOHN D. BARKALOW. 



The following list of marriages was taken 
from a book kept by John D. Barkalow. Many 
of them are not recorded in Monmouth clerk's 
office, and there is no other record except this 
book, now in possession of William B. Hulse. 

On the first page, the following entry ap- 
pears in the handwriting of John D. Barkalow : 

"A book of records of marriages by John D. 
Barkalow. Elder of the Methodist Indepen- 
dent Church, Monmouth County, * New 
Jersey, August 12, 1812." 

1. Married on the 3rd day of August. 1812. 
Mr. Samuel Young to Miss Elizabeth William- 
son. Both of the county of Monmouth. 

2. November 4th. Mr. Garret Hulshart. Sr., 
to Miss Allice McCabe. 

1813. 

3. January 2Sth, Mr. Daniel Emmons. Jr., 
to Miss Esther Lulshart. 

4. February 6th. Mr. John G. Hulshart to 
Miss Mary Chapman. 

* Ocean county was then part of Monmouth 



5. August 1st. Mr. Jacob Lam t" Mi-:- Jane 
Hulshart. 

1814. 

6. March 12th, Mr. David Applegate to 
Miss Alice Hendriekson. 

7. 24th, Mr. John I. Brewer to Miss Elize 
Jeffrey.- All the above of Monmouth county. 

8. Married on 2nd day of April. 1814, Mr. 
Peter Gravat to Miss Hannah VanCleafe. both 
of the county of Monmouth. 

1815. 

9. June 24th. Mr. John G. Bartholf of the 
city of New York to Miss Christianna Haring 
of Monmouth county. New Jersey. 

10. September 16th. Mr. Stephen Bills to 
Miss Mary Thompson, both of Monmouth 

1816.' 

11. January 1st. Mr. John D. Oakerson tvy 
Miss Eliza Voorhees. 

12. March 3rd. Mr. John W. Taylor to Miss 
Idah Covenhoven, 

13. March 3rd. Mr. Aaron Hires to Miss 
Gertrude Cottrell.— These four above all of 
the county of Monmouth. 



APPL \/>/\ 



the c 


ity of New York, to Miss Mary Mount of 


Hon. 


nouth, New Jersey. 


15. 


December 7th. Mr. Gilbert Matthews to 


Miss 


Catharine Emmons, both of Monmouth. 




December 11th, Mr. John Conine to 


Miss' 


Rachel Bennett. 


17 


January 23rd. Mr. Tylee W. Lefetre to 


Miss 


Catharine Harring. 


18. 


February 8th. Mr. John Erriekson to 


Miss 


Allice Matthews. 


19. 


March 5th. Mr. Uriah White to Miss 




y Oakerson. 


20. 


May 21st, Mr. Peter Applegate to Miss 


Marii 


a Covenhoven. 


21. 


December 27th, Mr. Joseph C. Thomp- 



Hu 



IMS. 



22. January 3rd, Mr. Joseph Combs to Miss 
Mary Patterson. 

23. January 7th, Mr. William Snyder to 
Miss Eleanor Laen. 

24. Married on the 22nd clay of January. 
1818. Mr. Abraham P. Hunt of the city of 
New YorK, to Miss Margaret Neatiea of Mon- 
mouth. New Jersey. 

25. September 6th, Mr. William Houghman 
to Rebecca Niviswi. both of Monmouth. 

1819. 

26. January 6th. Mr. Charles Fowler to 
Miss Mary Buckalue. 

27. January 21st. Mr. Joseph Buckalue to 
Miss Nancy Valentine. 

28. March 13th. Mr. Hezakiah Smith to 
Miss Ezilpha Lemmon. 

29. March 20th, Mr. Robert Fielder to Miss 



30. May 18th, M 
Elizabeth Robes or 

31. November 2t 
enough to Miss Mar 

1820. 

August 30th, 



Ric 



rd Sk-pi 



Mis 



('. Meeks, hoth of 



m Good- 

anHouten 



6. January 9th, Mr. Benjarr 
Miss Rachel VanCleaf. 

7. April 20th, Mr. Gilbert Br 
man Voorhees. 

3. October 4th, Joseph Bre 
inah Hankins. 

December 24th, Ja 



VanCleaf 

' to Miss 

to Miss 

Layton to Miss 



Charlotte Ayres. 
1824. 

50. January 10th, Albert H. Voorhees to 
Miss Lydia H. Covenhoven. 

51. April 3rd, Mr. Thomas VanHorn to 
Miss Reheccah Pittenger. 

agust 12th, Mr. Peter G. Nickels to 



Eli 



Ben 



:.3. August 23rd. Thomas Ilulshart to Miss 
nn Doshe Hulshart. 

54. September 25th. Mr. John Voorhees to 
iss Eliv.ahelh Stricklin. both of Monmouth. 

55. October 30th, Mr. Robert Skidmore to 
Iss Hannah Holeman. 

56. May 7th. Capt. John S. Cowdrick to 
iss Jane Barkalow. 

George Maxson to Miss 



Esther Fish. 

58. August the 21st, Mr. William Duncan 
of Monmouth, New Jersev, to Miss Jane St. .rv 
of NewBurgh, state of New York. 

59. Married the 20th day of November. 
1S25. Mr. David Matthews. Sr.. to Miss Ann 
Preston, both of Monmouth county. 

1826. 

60. March 26th. Mr. Ruliff Smith to Miss 
Catharine Hemlrickson. 

61. July 1st. Mr. John I. Clayton to Miss 
Altia Hulshart. 

62. 8th, Mr. Jonathan C. Stricklin to Miss 
Nancy Voorhees. 

63. August 26, Mr. William Bills to Miss 



34. March 9th, Mr. James Hankins to Miss 
Sarah Wainrieht. 

35. April 9th. Jonathan Erriekson to Miss 
Julia Ann Rogers. 

36. May 3rd. Mr. Robert Harbert to Miss 
Elizabeth Seebrooks. 

37. At the same time and place. Mr. Jacob 
Cooper to Miss Hannah Daviss. 

September 15th, Mr. John Hough to 



Mis 



ariet 



39. October 26th. Anthon: 



Richn 



40. December 15th. Mr. William W. Layton 
to Miss Catharine Voorhees. 

41. Married on the 29th day of December, 
1821, Mr. John Oakerson. Sr., to Miss Caty 



of New 

Mniimou 

66. J 

Lydia B 



York. 



ne 2nd, Mr. Jacob Hagerman to Miss 
aviland ; both of Monmouth county. 

67. September 20th. James Oakerson to 
Miss Rhoda Attison. 

68. October 20th. Samuel Werden to Miss 
Mary Ann Hendrickson. 

69. December 22nd, John Hartsgrove to 
Miss Catharine Clayton. 

1828. 

70. January 5th, Forman Palmmer to Miss 
Phebe Cottrell. 

71. February 23rd. Mr. John T. Hall to 
Miss Rebecca Patterson. 

72. April 5th, Samuel Matthews to Miss 
Catharine Emmons. 

73. September 27th, Mr. William Chapman, 
to Miss Eleanor Heaviland. 

74. October 2nd. Mr. Joseph Perrine to 
Miss Amy Thompson. 

75. Married on 16th day of October, 1828, 
Mr. A. Evernham to Miss Altia Hendrickson. 

of Upper Freeh. .1.1, Monmouth county. 



New Jers 

76. 2 
Layton. 






Ayr 



Mi- 



EARL Y PV1CH SETTLERS OF MONMOUTH. 



77. November 8th, Mr. Samuel Painton to 
Miss Mary Snyder. 

78. On the above same day. William R. 
Cottrell to Miss Lucy Woodward. 

79. December 24th, John Henry Mount to 
Miss Nancy Boude. 

SO. June 17th, Mr. Isaac Lobb of the city 
of New York, to Miss Catharine Hamilton of 
the city of Trenton, Hunterdon county. New 

81. '28th, Mr. Stephen I ulshart to Miss 
Sarah Matthews, both of Monmouth county. 
New Jersey. 

82. September 17th, Mr. Miles Reynolds to 
Miss Lydia Cottrell. 

83. October 7th. Mr. Joseph VanCleaf to 
Miss Martha Lawrence, ( Blackpeople) . 

1830. 

84. Capt. Garret P. Hyers to Miss William- 
pe Conk, both of Monmouth county, New 

83. July 21st, George W. Bennett to Miss 
Annjeletty Clayton. 

86. September 22nd, Joseph L. White to 
.Miss Lydia Patterson. 

1831. 

May 28th. Tunice V. Voorhees to Miss 



Elean 

88. 



September 24th. 
October 28th, C< 



John Boude to Miss 
melius D. Clayton to 



90. Married on 30th October. 1831. Mr. David 
D. Matthews to Miss Mary Emmons, both of 
Monmouth county, N. J. 

91. January 19th, Mr. Joseph G. Hulshart, 
Esq.. to Miss Agnes M. Ely Bennett, t 

92. August 23rd, Mr. Benjamin Matthews 
to Miss Rhoda Ann Lewis. 

93. September 29th, John J. Applegate to 
Miss Esther Hankins. 

94. October 12th. Mr. Jacob Miller to Miss 
Ann Matthews. 

95. December 1st, Mr. William Donaldson 
to Miss Eliza Bills. 

96. 6th, Mr. William Stoney of the town- 
ship of Middletown. to Catharine Matthews of 
the township of Freehold. 

1833. 

97. January 19th, Mr. John Reid to Miss 
Ann Hulshart. 

98. 23rd. Mr. Charles J. Mathews to Miss 
Sarah Ann Robbins. 

99. 31st, Mr. David T. Thompson to Miss 
Mary Anderson. 

100. May 5th. Mr. Francis Duncan of 
Howell, to Miss Margaret Kernaghan of Free- 
hold. 

101. May 19th. Mr. William Clayton to 
Miss Eleanor Voorhees. 

102. May 25th, Mr. James J. Clayton to 
Miss Alice Ann Covenhoven. 

103. On same day. Mr. Samuel Forman 
Matthews to Miss Jane Boud. all of Freehold. 

104. Married on the 1st day of January. 
1834. Mr. Henry Reynolds to Miss Hannah 
Ann White. 

105. At same time and place, Mr. John 



Sar 



107. October i9th. Mr. Calvin H. Gardiner 
of city of New York, to Miss Content Bills. 

108. November 8th, Mr. Joseph W. Lewis 
of Freehold, to Miss Mary Ann Macelvey of 
the township of Howell. 

109. February 28th, Mr. Anderson Chambers 
to Miss Amy Matthews. 

110. March 26th, Mr. John J. Errickson of 
Freehold, to Miss Sarah Ann Youngs of Howell. 

111. August 12th. Mr. John L. Patterson 
to Miss Mary Hannah Clayton. 

112. August 13th. Mr. John Patterson to 
Miss Mary Ann Patterson. 

113. November 5th. Mr. Matthias C. Bar- 
kalow to Miss Elizabeth Emmons. 

114. December 5th, Mr. Abram Lefinge of 
the city and county of New York, to Miss 
Catharine Bills of the township of Freehold. 

115. Married on the 28th day of August, 
1836, Mathias Applegate to Miss Margaret 
Emmons, both of the county of Monmouth. 

December 31st, Robert Ireland to Miss 



M:. 



Sarah Voorhe 



Miss 



Miss Eli: 

119. July 30th, John Loker 
Clayton. 

120. November 12th, Mr. Aaron Borden to 
Miss Sarah Ann Emmons, both of township 
of Howell. 

1838. 

121. January 1st. Mr. Hampton Herbert 
to Miss Mary Kernaghan. 

122. March 31st. Mr. William Allen of 
Eastville. Upper Freehold to Miss Ann Hen- 
drickson of Freehold. 

123. May 12th, Mr. Jacob Patterson to Miss 
Caroline Lorkerson ; both of Monmouth county. 

124. June 19th, Mr. Garret Voorhees to 
Miss Rebecca Ann White. 

125. October 15th. John Boud to Miss Sarah 
VanKirk. 

126. November 3rd. David Southard to Miss 
Rhoda Emmons. 

127. December 16th, John J. Clayton to 
Miss Esther Emmons. 

128. Married, 26th of January, 1839. Mr. 
James T. Thompson to Miss Amy Ann Hen- 
drickson, both of Freehold township. 

129. February 7. Mr. Moses Patterson to 
Miss Elea White; both of Howell township. 

130. 9th, Mr. John W. Reynolds to Miss 
Susan Cottrell : both of Freehold township. 

131. March 31st, Mr. Jacob Horner to Miss 
Sarah Applegate. both of Upper Freehold 

132. April 3rd. David Hulsart of Freehold, 
to Miss Lydie .lane Patt.-rso,, of Howell town- 
ship. 

133. 29th, Mr. Elias J. Anderson to Miss 
Hannah Cottrell : both of Freehold township. 

134. November 14. Mr. Job M. Kerr to Miss 
Ann Shutts : both of the county of Monmouth. 



1840. 

135. April 29th. Mr. Jonathai 
rah VanNote. 

136. December 19th, Mr. Cor 
Miss Nancy White. 



to Miss 



APPENDIX. 



rluck. both of Jacks 



138. January 2nd, David Clayton to Miss 
Lettia Voorhess ; both of the county of Mon- 
mouth. 

189. April 24th, Hendrick I ulshart to Miss 
Esther Patterson. 

HI). June 19th. Mr. Joseph Voorhees to 
Miss Rachel Lucas. 

141. October 23rd. Mr. Daniel Hankins to 
Miss Hannah Ann Clayton. 

142. Married on the 18th of November. 1841. 
Mr. Lloyd Robbins to Miss Maria Hall : both 
of the township of Howell. 

143. June 12th. Mr. Orsen Miner to Miss 
Esther Applepcate. 

114. August 21st. Samuel Lake of Mon- 
mouth county, N. J., to Frances Ann Mount 
of state of New York. 

115. October 16th. James Britton Patterson 



of 



junty. 

of Mil 



st. me, county of 

163. October 9th, Edward W. Worth of t 
township of Freehold, to Miss Hannah Warn 
of the township of Howell. 

1852. 

164. January 8th. Michael Lewis to Mi 
Sarah C. Maxson. both of the county of Mo 

165. May Hi, William H. Williams to Mi 
Catharine Brewer, both of the township 
Murllior..UKh. Monmouth county. 

166. Married. 20th day of June. 1852, M 
David Errickson to Miss Catherine Emmoi 
both of Freehold township. 

1854. 
167. 



147. April 22nd, Hendrick Oakerson of 
Mercer county, to Miss Catharine Leiya Clay- 
ton of Monmouth. N. J. 

148. August 5th. Thomas Debow to Miss 
Phebe Hankins ; both of the township of 
Freehold. 

149. December 2nd. John H. Barkalow of 
the township of Freehold, to Miss Martha 
Worden of the township of Dover. — All of 
Monmouth county. N. J. 



Vpplc^at.' 



I :,il. 



rch 18th. John M. Cla 



of 






Hot 



of the towr 



Ann Reynolds, both of the t 
1845. 

152. May 26th. Mr. William Thompson to 
Miss Mary AppleKate. 

153. October 5th, Mr. William Lake of the 
township of Howell to Miss Mary Ann Painton 
of the township of Freehold. 

154. Married on 2nd day of December, 1845, 
Mr. Joseph Lake of the township of Howell, 
to Miss Lydia Menill of the same township. 

1846. 

155. Mr. Warington Fields of Yellow Hook. 
Long: Island, state of New York, to Miss 
Sarah Lake of the township of Howell, Mon- 
mouth county. N. J. 

156. June 20th, James C. Hankinson of 
the township of Freehold, to Miss Adaline 
Thompson of the same township. 

157. November 29th. David D. Appleeate 
to Miss Caroline Dey. both of Freehold town- 



ship. 
1847. 

158. March 20th, Mr. Robert Graham to 
Miss Amy Ann Thompson, both of the town- 
ship of Millstone, county of Monmouth. 

1849. 

159. Mr. Thomas Conk to Miss Eleanor 
Finch, both of Freehold township. 

1850. 

160. January 20th, Hiram Cottrell of Jack- 
son township to Miss Nancy M. Worth of the 
township of Dover. 

161. March 2nd. John Hendrickson to Miss 



9. October 18th. Mr. 

Rhoda Hulshart. 
0. October 28th, Mr. William Ayres of 
township of Howell to Miss Catharn 
intia of the township of Ocean. 



A pi 



He, I 






173. February 5th, Willi 
of the township of Maualapan. to Miss Eliza 
Chambers of the township of Freehold. 

174. At same time and place, Cornelius M. 
Harkolow to Miss Deborah Chambers, both of 
Freehold township. 

175. September 4th. Tunis Emmons of the 
township of Howell, to Miss Mary E. Hulshart 

' ' of Freehold. 



176. No 



lth. .la 



177. March 81st. Edward Stephens to Miss 
»rEaret Cottrell, both of Freehold township. 

178. Married. Ausrust 24. 1861. William H. 
lis of Freehold township, to Miss Mary H. 



Wolcott of 

179. Ar 

Amy Char 



Applegate to Mil 
■ehold township. 
nallwood of towi 



th. Archibald AppleKc 
.old. to Miss Hannah , 
ip of Millstone. 



EARLY />C/<I/ SETTLERS OE MO.\'MOCTH. 



182. May 3rd. John H. Hulshart of the 
township of Freehold, to Miss Jane Ann Boud 
of the township of Howell. 

1864. 

183. January 20th, Joseph F. Can- of 
Hightstnwn, Mercer county, to Miss Sarah 
Elizabeth Bowne of Jackson township, Ocean 

184. November 27th, James McLaughlin 
and Miss Amelia Cottrell, both of Freehold 
township. 

185. December 8th, David Clayton and 
Miss Elizabeth Baikal. >w. both of Freehold 



sbury. both of the city 



188. April 21st. Gorden Reynolds of Free- 
hold township, to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Rey- 
nolds of Jackson township, Ocean county. 

1869. 

189. October 20th. George W. Cottrell of 
Howell township, to Miss Margaret A. Voor- 
hees of Jackson township. Ocean county. 

1872. 

190. November 6th, John H. Barkalow of 
the township of Lacey, Ocean county, to Ellen 
Pharo of Stafford township. Ocean county. 



Hir 



Huls 



TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIONS. 



Presbyterian 

taken June 
Conover : 

Derek Barcalow, d. Nov. 10, 1803, aged 58 
y., 6 m., 22 d. 

Sarah, wife of Arthur Barcalow and daugh- 
ter of Tobias Polhemus, d. Jan. 7, 1799. aged 
54 y., 2 m., 27 d. 



Jol 
Ha 


,:;"::,, 


clair. d. Sept 
his wife, d. 


. 22, 1801, in 38th year. 
June 5, 1819, in 56th 


Samuel P. Forman, 
and Elieanor Williamse 
1805, aged 47 y.. 2 m.. 

Rebecca, his wife, d. 


son of Peter 
n Forman, d. 
4 d. 

Nov. 2. 1840, 


Jan. 10, 
in 79th 


Fo'i 
Cowe 


,;;;„": 


son of Peter 


and Hannah 
1762, aged 1 


(Foman) 
y., 19 d. 



;:; Gerrargus Beekman, son of C B , 

. Mar. 25. 1S23, in 51st year. 
Tobias Polhemus. d. Mar. 18, 1779, aged 71 



ife. Mary Leffertson. d. Je 



Hannah Polhemus. daughter of Tobias Pol- 
emus, d. Nov. 9, 1783, aged 37 y., 2 m. 

Lefford. son of Tobias Polhemus. d. Feb. 19, 
78-, aged 23 y., 6 m. 

Margaret, widow of Peter Forman. d. Jan. 
, 1801. aged 77 y., 10 m. 

Daniel Hendrickson, d. Feb. 5, 1840. aged 



Peter Imlay. d. 

His wife Catha 

IUn.lri.kson, d. F 



Mar. 27. 1S52, aged 62 y. 
:-ine, daughter of Daniel 
ib. 13, 1847. aged 50 y. 
;i\ d. Apr. 27. 1884, aged 



His wife Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and 
Sarah (Vandeveer) Hendrickson, d. Apr. 10, 
1874, aged 56 y. 

John Jacob, son of James L. and Elizabeth 

* This christian name should have been 
spelled "Gerardus." He was a son of Chris- 
topher Beekman, and died unmarried. His 
will is recorded in Book B of Wills. Mon- 
mouth county Surrogate's office. He leaves 
his property equally to his four brothers and 






(Hendrickson) Conover, d. Mar. 1, 1849. 

Jacob Hendrickson. son of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Mount) Hendrickson. d. Nov. 7, 1826, 
aged 40 y., 5 m., 26 d. 

His widow, Sarah Vandeveer, b. Jan. 28, 
1790; d. Dec. 3, 1878. 

Michael Hendrickson, son of Jacob and 
Sarah Vandeveer Hendrickson, d. Dec. 8, 1814, 
aged 28 d. 

Edward T. Hendrickson, b. Nov. 15. 1815 ; 
d. Sept. 9, 1894. 

Richai-d Horsfull, Sr., d. Aug. 6. 1827. aged 
50 y., 6 m„ 13 d. 

Margaret, wife of Stockton Pullen, d. Mar. 
31, 1841, aged 57 y. 

Samuel Wykoff, Esq., son of Garret and 
Aeltie Wikoff. d. Apr. 24, 1826, aged 95 y.. 
6 m., 1 d. 

His wife. Gertrude, d. Feb. 15, 1R20. aged 
85 y. 

Peter Wikoff. d. Mar. 21. 1S47. aged 74 y.. 
11 m., 23 d. 

His wife Mary. d. Nov. 4, 1857, aged 77 y.. 
1 m„ 27 d. 

William Croxon, d. July 10. 1857. aged 81 
y., 10 m., 10 d. 

His wife, Catharine Wikoff, d. Apr. 25. 
1847. aged 74 y., 3 m., 6 d. 

Vashti, wife of Samuel S. Forman. d. Jan. 
16, 1813, aged 27 y., 21 d. 

Samuel I. Wikoff. d. May 17, 1824, aged 
58 y., 7 m.. 10 d. 

Stoffle Wikoff, d. July 19, 1823. aged 47 y.. 
9 m., 15 d. 

Peter R. Wikoff. son of Aukey and Deborah. 
d. Mar. 24, 1833, aged 29 y., 7 m., 24 d. 

Ann Eliza, wife of Michael Hendrickson. 
d. June 7, 1833, aged 23 y., 1 m„ 6 d. 

Aukey Wikoff. d. July 27, 1835, aged 58 y. 

Emeline. daughter of E. I. and A. E. Hen- 
drickson, d. Apr. 20, 1824. aged 2 y., 3 m„ 
24 d. 

John, son of Garret and Elizabeth Wikoff. 
d. Oct. 5, 1793. aged 5 y.. 6 m.. 3 d. 

Peter Wikoff, Esq.. son of Garret and Aeltje 
Wikoff. d. Apr. 1. 1827. aged 87 y„ 1 m.. 6 d. 

His wife. Allice Longstreet. d. June 16. 
1820. aged 78 y.. 5 m., 3 d. 

Garret P. Wikoff. (of Allentown. N. J.) d. 



APPENDIX. 



June 2, 1844. aged S2 y.. 10 m., 23 d. 


David Covenhoven, d. Nov. 15, L800, aged 


His wife Elizabeth, d. Jan. 4, 1839. aged 


51 y„ 5 m., 11 d. 


75 y., 4 m., 17 d. 


Cornelius VanHorn. d. Feb. 12. 1744, in 


Garret R. Wikoff, b. Jan. 16, 1805 ; d. Nov. 


49th y. 


20, 1884. 


Sarah, wife of Roelof Covenhoven. d. Apr. 


His wife Alliee, b. Mar. 1. 1797; d. Nov. 7. 


6, 1801. aged 35 y.. 6 m.. 26 d. 




Cornelius Cownover. (son of George and 


Joseph Hendrickson, d. May 28, 1841, aged 


Alletta Luyster Conover) d. Oct. 31, 1805, 


53 y., 2 m., 14 d. 


aged 78 y. 


His wife, Elizabeth, d. June 20, 1855, in 


John Vanderbilt, (son-in-law of Cornelius 


71st y. 


Cownover and son of John Vanderbilt of 


Mary A. Barcalow, wife of Joseph R. Con- 


S. I„ and Elizabeth Hendrickson of N. J.) d. 


over, b. Jan. 22, 1843 ; d. Aug. 30, 1875. 


Oct. 23, 1812. aged 55 y. 


Richard H. Wikoff. b. Jan. 18, 1804 ; d. Oct. 


A daughter of Joris Cownover and Margaret 


23, 1884. 


Cownover, d. Jan. 12, 1765, aged 3 y. 


His wife. Jane Forman. b. May 16, 1806 ; d. 


Jacob Wyckoff, d. June 15, 1812, aged 71 y., 


Aug. 18, 1891. 


1 m„ 15 d. 



Wikoff, wife of A. B. 
I, aged 22 y. 
d. May 18. 1S71, aged 
2 m.. 2 d. 

wife. Phoebe, d. Oct. 9, 1858. aged 62 
m., 2 d. 

man Hendrickson. b. May 30. 1791 ; d. 
.7, 1880. 
wife, Theodosia Hendrickson, daughter 
of Daniel and Elizabeth Grover Hendrickson, 
b. Nov. i 
Peter 1 
19, 1880. 



Their daughter. Ellen 
'anNest. d. May 8, 186 
Samuel Hendrickson. 






Wikoff. 
ife Ann, b. 



1794 ; d. Ma 
19 ; d. July 1 



1881. 

Alliee Hendrickson. wife of William G. Hen- 
drickson, and daughter of Samuel and Alliee 
(Wikoff) Hendrickson, d. Oct. 27. 1883, aged 

Hannah ' P.. their daughter, and wife of 
Richard W. Burtis, d. Mar. 27. 1854. aged 21 
y„ 6 m.. 22 d. 

Gertrude Hendrickson. daughter of John 
Hendrickson and Allis (Wikoff) Hendrickson, 
d. July 12. 1S75. aged 80 y. 

William Disbro Konover, d. Sept. 21, 1890, 
aged 61 y. 

Conover, b. May 18, 1826 ; d. Oct. 27, 



l.vn . 



b. June 30, 1842 ; d. May 
Whitehouse, New Jersey, 
yard : taken August 28, 1901 : 
Oct. 8, 1862, 



Cornelius W. VanHorn. 
1 y., 1 m., 21 d. 
Lukus Voorhees. d. Mar 



1887. 



>ged 



His wife-. 



aged 80 y., 

Ann Emery, d. Jan. 4. 1870. aged 
8 d. 
VanDoren, d. Feb. 14. 1835, aged 

B. VanDoren, d. July 18. 1853, 



80 y., 1 

Benja 
38 y. 

Abraham B. VanDoren. 
aged 21 y., 6 m., 4 d. 

Elizabeth Wyckoff, widow of Roelof Coven- 
hoven. d. Jan. 20, 1860, aged 83 y.. 5 m., 26 d. 

Garret Conover, d. Nov. 8, 1831. aged 67 y., 



His wife, Margaret Regar, d. July 8, 1 
aged 70 y. 

Job Conover, d. Jan. 27, 1830, aged 23 

Margaret, wife of Abraham Voorhees. 
May 12, 1843, aged 61 y„ 5 m. 



840, 



Whitehouse. New Jei 

m oldest grave-yard 



sey, 



Bound Brook, New Jersey, 

Somerset county. High Street Cemetery, 



28. mil : 
arret K. Sc 
rhees Schar 



d. July 



of Koert and Sarah 
1809. aged 32 y.. 



Df Garret and 



Kortenius G. Schanck, so 
Nelly Covenhoven Schanck). d. Nov. 27. . 
aged 70 y.. 11 m.. 19 d. 

Mary Conover. wife of Michael I. Fieh 
Nov. 28, 1859, aged 80 y„ 3 m.. 22 d. 

Catharine, wife of Roelof VanVoorheesi 
Nov. 10. 1795. aged 38 y. 

Hannah, wife of Nickalus Covenhover 
Aug. 10. 1804, aged 31 y., 11 m., 20 d. 



William Morris 


Conover. 


d. May 6. 1811. 










Lewis Conover, 


d. Nov. 10 


1831 


aged 55 y., 


2 m., 27 d. 








James Conover. 


b. Oct. 8. 




d. Feb. 12. 


1861. in 83rd y. 








His wife. Mary 


d. Jan. 2 


1846 


aged 80 y. 


James S. Conov 


er, son of 


Jame 


and Mary, 


d. Aug. 3. 1849. aged 39 y.. 8 






Minnie I. VanVoorheese, 


Esq.. 


d. Aug. ::. 


179 1. aged 41 y. 








Michael Garrish 


. b. July 


24, 17 


79; d. July 


25. 1858. 








His wife. Ariet 


Suydam. b 


May 


16, 1781 ; d. 


Their 'son. Mich 


ael Field Garrish 


b. Feb. 27, 


1807 ; d. Apr. 28. 


1S66. 







Schcliek. 



Penns Neck. N. J., 
taken September 9, 1901, by Mr 
Conover : 

Eve Schenck, widow of John 
d. Nov. 21, 1810. 

Albert Schenck, son of Garret Roelofse 
Schenck, d. May 21. 1786, aged G5 y„ 1 m.. 2 d. 

William Couwenhoven, son of Jan and 
Jakoba (Vanderveer) Couwenhoven, d. Nov. 



His 






Chrystenah. daughter of Con 
June 24, 1787, aged 78 y. 
ius Couwenhoven, d. 1787. aged 



EARL Y /)(/( H SETTLERS OE MOXMVI "EH. 



Harmen Covenhoven, son of William ant 
Chrystenah Laen Couwenhoven, d. Jan. 4 
18(14, a:,'ed 63 y.. 7 m. 

Phoebey Baley, wife of Harmen Covenhoven 
d. Feb. 2, 1832, aged 87 y., 9 m.. 16 d. 

Elias C. Schenck. son of Joseph and Mai-pa 
ret (Covenhoven) Schenck, d. Nov. 5, 1800 
aged 6 y., 7 m., 17 d. 

Elizabeth Schenck, daughter of Joseph and 
Mar-rai-et Covenhoven Schenck, d. May 5, 1785. 
aged 7 m. 

Joseph Schenck, son of Jan Garretse Schenck 
d. Oct. 25, 1822, aged 66 y., 5 m.. 5 d. 

His wife, Margaret Kovenhoven. dauehtel 
of William and Elizabeth, d. July 18, 1804 
aged 38 y., 4 m., 8 d. 

Anney Schenck, d. Oct. 25, 1776, aged 6 y. 
2 m.. 20 d. 

Margaret Schenck, d. Aug. 5. 1816, aged 70 y 

Mary Schenck. d. Sept. 12, 1769, aged 2 y. 
8 m.. 14 d. 

Garret Schenck, d. May 11. 1810, aged 68 y 

Jacob Schenck, son of Roelof (the brewer) 
(and Engeltie VanDorenl Schenck, d. Dec. 19 



1786. aged 60 y. 

Mary, wife of William I. Schenck, d. July. 
1829. aged 70 y. 

Garret A. Schenck. son of Albert Schenck. 
d. Mar. 8, 1794, aged 41 y. 

William Kouwenhoven, (son of William anc 
Margaret Garretse Schenck Kouwenhoven), d 
Oct. 17. 1777. aged 35 y„ 4 m.. 9 d. 

Mary, wife of John Slayback, d. Mar. 1829 



Schenck, d. July 



Williar 
aged 67 

Margaret S. Schenck. d. July 19. lsK:;. aped 
61 y. 

William Kovenhoven, b. Dec. 2. 17C.7 : 
Sept. 24. 1838, aged 70 y., 3 m.. 8 d. 

His wife, Mary Grover; d. Jan. 4. 1,' 
aged 38 y., 9 m., 6 d. 

Joseph Grover, d. Mar. 26, 1856. aged 81 
9 m„ 16 d. 

His wife. Ruth, daughter of Harmen Cov 
hoven and Phoebey Baley. d. Mar. 12, 18 
aged 85 y., 8 d. 



THE MONMOUTH ASSOCIATORS. 



BY JAMES STEEN. 



No county in the State of New Jersey 
suffered more during the Revolution 
than did Monmouth, and in no county 
did the citizens respond more nobly. 
The proximity to the shore and readi- 
ness of access by boat from New York 
rendered it peculiarly the prey of the 
British. There was super-added to that, 
a lawless element even more irrespons- 
ible and regarding- less the rules of 
warfare, than the guerillas in our late 
Civil War. Tories and refugees, well 
acquainted with the county and know- 
ing the inhabitants, preyed upon the 
aged and infirm who had property that 
they could take or destroy, and com- 

rages. shooting children and old men 
and hanging women, burning houses 
and barns, and destroying animals and 
other property that they could not con- 
veniently carry off. 

Notwithstanding, many of her able 
bodied men were in the Army, the large 
proportion of those that remained were 
to be found in the Militia. The Tories 
and pine robbers had no compunction 
against invading and destroying homes 
that were occupied only by the women 
and the feeble. So obnoxious did they 
become, aided as they were by the more 
cowardly neighbors of the patriots, 
who while committing no overt act, 
were in league with Tories and re- 
fugees, that the Monmouth patriots 
were forced to take action against 
traitors in their midst. Hence it is that 
there has come down to us a document, 
which while it adds to the history of 
the county a valuable chapter, is also a 
roll of honor for the descendants of 
those who thus banded themselves to- 
gether in their country's defense. It 
was in the spring of the year 1780 that 
the patriots of Monmouth, tried beyond 
measure by repeated outrages and rob- 
beries, and realizing the assistance the 
non-combatant Tories still living un- 
molested in their midst were rendering 
the refugees, Tories and pine robbers, 
resolved on redress by retaliation. The 
document which follows is unique, and 



of the 436 names subscribed nearly one- 
half served either in the Continental 
Army or in the Monmouth Militia be- 
fore the war was concluded. Every part 
of the county was represented, and the 
Committees of Safety of the various 
townships are represented among the 
names of those who were not only will- 
ing to associate but also to have that 
fact advertised in the New Jersey Ga- 



Moiimoutli Articles of Association. 

Whereas from the frequent incur- 
sions and depredations of the enemy 
(and more particularly of the refugees) 
in this county, whereby not only the 
lives but the liberty and property of 
every determined Whig are endangered, 
they, upon every such incursion, either 
burning or destroying houses, making 
prisoners of, and most inhumanly treat- 
ing aged and peaceable inhabitants, 
and plundering them of all portable 
property, it has become essentially nec- 
essary to take some different and more 
effectual measures to check said prac- 
tices, than have ever yet been taken; 
and as it is a fact, notorious to every 
one, that these depredations have al- 
ways been committed by the refugees 
(either black or white) that have left 
this country, or by their influence or 
procurement, many of whom have near 
relations and friends, that in general 
have been suffered to reside unmolested 
among us, numbers of which, we have 
full reason to believe, are aiding and 
accessory to those detestable practices. 
We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the 
county of Monmouth, actuated solely 
by the principles of self-preservation, 
being of opinion that the measure will 
be strictly justifiable en the common 
principles of war, and being encour- 
aged thereto by an unanimous resolve 
of the honorable the congress, passed 
the 30th of Oct., 1778, wherein they in 
the most solemn manner declare that 
through every possible change of for- 



THE MONMOUTH ASSOCIATORS. 



tune they will retaliate, do hereby sol- 
emnly associate for the purpose of re- 
taliation, and do obligate ourselves, our 
heirs, executors and administrators, and 
every of them jointly and severally, to 
all and every of the subscribers and 
their heirs, &c, to warrant and defend 
such persons as may be appointed to 
assist this association in the execution 
thereof; and that we will abide by and 
adhere to such rules and regulations 
for the purpose of making- restitution 
to such friends to their country as may 
hereafter have their houses burned or 
broke to pieces, their property wanton- 
ly destroyed or plundered, their persons 
made prisoners of whilst peaceably at 
their own habitations about their law- 
ful business not under arms, as shall 
hereafter be determined on by a com- 
mittee of nine men duly elected by the 
associates at large out of their num- 
ber; which rules and regulations shall 
be founded on the following principles, 

FIRST — For every good subject of 
this state residing within the county, 
that shall become an associator, and 
shall be taken or admitted to parole by 
any party or parties of refugees as 
aforesaid, that shall come on the er- 
rand of plundering and man-stealing, 
the good subject not actually under or 
taken in arms, there shall be taken an 
equal number of the most disaffected 
and influential residing and having 
property within the county, and them 
confine within the Provost jail and 
treat them with British rigor, until the 
good subjects of this state taken as 
aforesaid shall be fully liberated. 

SECOND — For every house that 
shall be burned or destroyed, the prop- 
erty of a good subject that enters with 
this association, there shall be made 
full retaliation upon or out of the prop- 
erty of the disaffected as aforesaid. 

THIRD — That for every article of 
property taken as aforesaid from any 
of the associators, being good subjects, 
the value thereof shall be replaced out 
of the property of the disaffected as 
aforesaid. We do also further asso- 
ciate for the purpose of defending the 
frontiers of this county, and engage 
each man for himself that is a subject 
of the militia that we will turn out at 
all times when the county is invaded, 
and at other times do our proportionate 
part towards the defence thereof. We 
the associators do hereby direct that a 
copy of this association be, as soon as 
the signing is completed, transmitted 
to the printer of the New Jersey Ga- 
zette, for publication, and that the 
original be lodged in the clerk's office. 



Also we do request, that the associators 
will meet at the courthouse on Satur- 
day, the 1st' of July, at 1 o'clock in the 
afternoon for the purpose of electing 
a committee of nine men, as before 
mentioned, to carry the said association 
into effect 

Asher Holmes Lewis Carlton 

Joseph Johnston Matthias Mount 

John VanSchoick Matthew Anderson 

Andrew Clark 
Cornelius Barkalow 
William Rue 
Henry Berry 
Peter Emmans 
Henry Drake 
Da\id Sutphin 
John Holmes, sen. 
Rutliffe Schenek 
Joseph Clayton 



Willi 

John Smock 
Joseph Holmes 
John Nivison 
John Brown 
Elisha Walton 
Daniel Denise 
John E. Leconte 
Garrit Covenhovi 
Thomas Thorn 
Samuel Elliot 



VanDerveer 
Garrit Wikoff 

John" Schenek (capt) Tunis VanDerveer 

John Covenhoven gf nl . el L % ne , , 

Moses Sheppard i^? he ? Seabrook 

William Hulsart Richard Fippmger 

John Schenek (lieut) Peter VanDoru 

Joseph Willet Jacob *>™ nh . 

Benj'n Covenhoven Jacob Bennit 

Jacob VanPelt Timothy Gordon 

Wm. Schenek (lieut) Adam Strieker 

John Willet John Tilton 

Alex. VanTenycke William Sanford 

Benj. VanCleve Lewis Gordon 

Barnes Smock (lieut) Matthias Conovev 

Peter Johnston Elias Longstreat 

James Hampton Stephen Fleming 

Harmon Sneider George Taylor 

Jarrit Stilwell John Chasey 

George Hymes Joseph Bowne 

John Alwood Samuel Pease 

Hendrick Sneider Jonathan Forman 

Samuel Pearse Peter Longstroet 

Joseph VanCleve - Peter VanDerhoof 

Eliaa Conover Patrick Bailey 

William Sneider David Forman 

Henry Strieker Joseph Wooley 

Solomon Combs Jacob Allen 

Robert Laird Tunis Vanpelt 

David Rhea, jr (adjt) Samuel Clayton 

William Schenek John Sutphin 

Samuel Dorsett John VanBrocle 

Berryan Covert James Mash 

William Anderson Isaac Staates 

William Covenhoven Abra'm Hendrickson 

Godfrey Warner Hendrick Hyer 

Samuel Carhart Matthias Roberts 

Daniel Hill Benjamin VanMater 

Jonathan Forman Hendrick Wiliamson 

John Sutphin Corn. Covenhoven 

William Lane Walter Vanpelt 

Samuel Hayes Lambert Johnston 

John Ludlow Rulif Covenhoven 

Lewis Perine Stout Holmes 

John Reid Hendrick Vanpelt 

Richard Postens Burrowes Norris 

Aaron F. Welsh John Moore 

John Baird David Forman 

William Forman A. Zutphin 

John Morford Joseph Broom 

John Rue John Smith Hunn 

William Dewinnev Kenneth Hankinson 

David Baird Edward Moore 

David Hance Joseph Fleminer 



Thomas Stihvell 
Ezekiel Lewis 
John Walton 
Ebenezer Kerr 
Corn. T. Vanderhoof 
Nathan Nivison 
David Baird 
John Longstreet 
John Boman 
Peter Tanner 
Nicholas VanBrunt 
John Schenck 
Manasseh Dunham 
William Aumack 
Jacob Covenhoven 
John Campbell 
Josiah West 
Thomas Morris 
Thomas Henderson 
John Errickson 
Matthias Tice 
William Bowne 
Benj. Covenhoven 
Joel Bedel 
William Rowler 
Thomas Barber 
William Johnston 
Nicholas Cottril 
Richard Laird 
Samuel Bray 
David Covenhoven 
David Smith 
James Smalley 
William Willcocks 
John Freeman 
George Crookshank 
Henry Rue 

Derrick Sutphin 
John Nivisink, Jr 
William Lewis 
Jacob Pippenger 
Moses Laird 
Nicholas Clark 
David Craig 
John Rouse 
John Jewell 
John Yeatman 
John Aumack 
Benjamin Sutphin 
Michael Johnston 
Alexander Eastman 



San 



Craig 



James Herbert 
John Perine 
Peter Smith 

Garrit VoorheeB 
Aaron Davis 
Alt xander Low 
William Gordon 
W. Laird 
The mas West 
John Jamison 
Michael Errickson 
John Davison 
James M'Duffee 
Henry Perine 
Nehemiah Tilton 
John Parent 
David Gordon (capt) 
John Anderson 



Joseph Covenhoven 
David Brookes 
« James English 
David Lloyd 
Daniel Ketcham 
Lewis M'Knight 
James Reid 
Isaac Johnston 
Robert Francis 
Tunis VanDerveer 
Joseph Sutphin 
Joseph Morford 
Robert Sharp 
James English 
James Tapscott 
Jacob Lane 
Onkey Leffertson 
John Freeman 
Jacob Wickoff 
John Johnston 
John Truax 
William Craig 
David Craig 
Adam Boice, sen. 
John Hulsart 
Aaron Sutphin 
Peter Gordon 
Thomas Walling 
William Wilbert 
Jonathan Clayton 
Jar es M'Chesney 
Eleazer Cottril 
Alburtus Showber 
James Hoagland 
John Vanderveer 
Edmund Robinson 
Ja?cb Tilton 
Turis Vanderveer 
Charles Postey 
Jai, es Holmes 
Jacob Lane 

Andrew Mains 
Humphrey Willet 

John Morford 
Derrick Sutphin 
Jonathan Pew- 
Aaron Buck 
Anthony Holmes 
Joseph Goodenough 
Richard Pool 
John Tilton 
William Covert 
Benjamin Tilton 
Thomas Cottrill 
John Tilton, Jr 
James Dorsett 



Henry Vanderbilt 
Cornelius Hance 
Timothy Hughes 
Michael Sweetman 
Albert Hendrickson 
Koert Schenck, Jr. 
Ken'th Anderson, sen 
Jaques Denise 
James Vankirk 
John Morlat 
Richard Jeffrey 
Ephraim Buck 
William Shelft 



Benjamin M'Donald 
John Willson 
Jacob Woolcott 
William Hilsey 
Cornelius Clark, BS 
Jacob Quackenbush 
James Green (capt) 
Joshua Huddy 
Cornelius Sutphin 
John Emmans 
Joseph Vannoort 
Hendrick Voorhees 
Daniel Emmons 
Peter Quackenbush 
Joseph Johnston 
Samuel Dennis 
John Berry 
Abraham Emmans 

Daniel Hendrickson 
James M'Knight 
John M'Mullin 
Francis Herbert 
Barnabas Bennet 
John Simermore 
John Wilkinson 
William Hendrickson 
Benjamin VanCleve 
John Hampton 
John Johnston 



s Smith 
Hamptc n 
Reic 



Jacob Degroof 
Samuel Forman 
John Covenhoven 
Jonathan Clayton 
Cornelius Schenck 
James Craig 
Dollance Hagerman 
Joseph Emley 
Alexander Clark 
John Craig 
Thomas Chadwick 
Joseph Knox 
Samuel Rogers 
Thomas Seabrook 
Her.drick Smock 
Jonathan Enobly 
(Embly?) 
Stephen Barkalow 
Peter Forman 
William Wikoff 
William Voorhees 
William Currin 
Nathaniel Scudder 
Hugh Newell 
Josiah Holmes 
Peter Vounk 
Craig 



Corn 



Stew 



John Covenhoven 
Cornelius M'Mulli 
Thomas Edwards 
Timothy Dorsey 
Cornel's Covcnhov 
Richard Poling 
Zehulon Baird 



John 



lCIev 



Wil 



Wil 



Samuel Hen 
Barzulla Baird 
George Casler 
Gilbert Shearney 
John M'Connill 
Koert VanSchoick 



John Emmons 
Richard Russel 
Joseph Combs 
William Postens 
Moses Mount 
Job Throckmorton 
Matthew Rue 
James Sickles 
James Runnels 

John Reid 
Jacob Vanderveer 
Richard Chew — 
Wm. A. Covenhoven 
David Vanderveer 
John Covenhoven 
Albert Covenhoven 
John Cooke 
Richard Tice 
Tunis VoorheeB 
John Barkalow 
Daniel Randolph 
John Antonides 
Thomas Erickson 
Abraham Vangelder 
Moses Robbins 
John VanCleve 
George Clinton 
William VanSchoick 
Daniel Griggs 
John Clark, B. S. 
Ebenezer Hart 
Charles Gilmore 
William Jenkins 
Hend'k Covenhoven 
Abra'm Hendrickson 
John Schenck 
Reuben Potter 
Samuel Hingry 
Richard Rogers 
Garrit Vanderveer 
William Brown 
John Brindley 
Arthur Williamson 
Hendrick Vounk 
Thomas Smith 
William Brindley 
Richard Sutphin 
Tunis Forman 
Joshua Studson 
John DeGraff 
William Covenhoven 
George Brindley 
David Ray 
Richard Marlat 
Abraham Sutphin 



Elil 



Cha 



Abel Aikin 
Jos.ph Vanderveer 
John Feid 
F.lisha Shepherd 
David Crawford 
William Cheeseman 
Jonathan Reid 
John Chadwick 
Cornelius Lane 
Wm. Williamson, jr 
Peter VanCleve 
Daniel Herbert 
Hend'k VanDerveer 

John Aumack 



THE MONMOUTH ASSOCIATORS. 



The number of signers to this asso- 
ciation is 436. 

It must have been an earnest and de- 
termined set of men who met that day 
in Monmouth Court House — Memories 
of the battle, recollections of wrongs, 
many and wicked, thronged their minds 
and doubtless were recalled in conver- 
sation. The committee of nine were 
duly appointed, and while we do not 
read in the papers of the day, much or 
anything of their forceful retaliation, 
still they doubtless accomplished much 
in the way of redressing wrongs and 
inspiring a healthy respect for the 
rough and ready justice of Monmouth 
patriotism. The only other notice the 
writer has found appears in the Now 
Jersey Gazette of March 5th, 1783, and 
has a grim significance, which was 
doubtless appreciated by the Tory sym- 
pathizers throughout the county. It 
is as follows: — 



"N. J. Gazette, March 5, 1783— Where- 
as the time of the Committee of the 
Associators of retaliations of the 
County of Monmouth expires; and it 
being necessary for a new one to be 
chosen, as there remains some business 
unsettled: The associators are request- 
ed to meet at the Court house on 15th 
March, as well to determine on said 
business and to be prepared for future 
depredations. 

By order of the committee 

Kenneth Hankinson, 

Feb. 18, 1783 Chairman. 

Kenneth Hankinson, who signed the 
foregoing, was a captain in Col. For- 
man's battalion, "Heard's Brigade," 
June 16th, 1776, and also captain in the 
First Regiment of Monmouth, 1717. His 
son, James Hankinson, was the father 
of Governor William A. Newell's mother.