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Full text of "Early English poetry, ballads, and popular literature of the Middle Ages ;"

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EARLY ENGLISH 1>()ETRY, 
BALLADS, 

AND POPULAR LITERATURE 
OF THE MIDDLE AGES. 

EDITED FROM ORIGIXAL MANUSCRIPTS 

AND SCAllCE- PUBLICATIONS. 
T.),) i 1 

VOL. VI. 



LONDON. 
PRINTED FOR fllE PERCY SOCIEIT, 

UY T IMCHAIIDS ^JT MAIM INS LANK 
M.DCCC.XLII. 






CONTENTS OF VOL. VI. 



ANCIENT POETIC^VL TRACTS OF THE SIXTEENTH 
CENTUKY. 

KDITKD HI K. r. HIHIIAILT, KSQ. FH. 1>., r.S.A. KTC. 

COCK LORELL's BOTE. 

KUITED BY K. V. KIM Il.Vtl.T, ESQ. PH. U.. F.5.A. ETC. 

THE CROWN GARLAN1> (JF GOLDEN ROSES. 

SDlMfil DY \(. I'llAFPEM., K»H. F.9.A. 

FOLLIE'S ^iNATOMIE, BY HENRY HUTTON. 1619. 

EDITED BY K. V. RIMnAIM.T, ESQ. TU. It., K.S.A. ETC. 

POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

EDIILU nV Tlir RKV. (I.KXANnKB DTCK. 



ANCIENT POETICAL TEACTS. 



ANCIENT 

POETICAL TRACTS 

OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY, 



RKI-RINTl-n FROM USIQIIE COPIES FOKMERLV IN THE I'OSSESSION 
OF THE I.ATF THOMAS rAI.nEPOTT. ESQ. 



EDITED PV 



EDWARD F. RIMBAULT, ESQ. F.S.A. 



LONDON : 
PRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.XJ.II. 



COUNCIL 



CJ)e ^3ercj) ^onttp* 



President. 
Thk Rt. Hox. lord BRA\TiROOKE, F.S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT. Esq. F.RS, Tkeas. S A. 

A\ ILLIAM HKNRY RLACK, Esq. 

J A. CAHUSAC, Esq. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL. Esq. F.S.A., Tnasiirer. 

J. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, Esq. F.S.A.. M.R.I.A. 

PETER CUNNINGHAM, Esq. 

REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 

WILLIAM JERDAN, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.S.L. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R S., F.S.A. 

E. F. RIMBAULT, Esq. F.S.A. Secretary. 

WILLIAM J. THOMS, Esq. F..S.A. 

JAMES WALSH, Esq. F.S.A. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S A. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The five iini(iuc tnicts reprinted in tlie ibllowlnii; 
pages luive escaped the notice of'Kitson, Dr. Dibdin, 
and all who have written upon the subject of our 
early bibliography. The originals were fbnnerly 
in the possession of the late Thomas Caldecott, Esq. 
whose matchless collection of early English poetry 
was well known to the lovers of this species of 
literature. Sir George H. Freelino; was favom*ed 
by the loan of them when in that gentleman's 
possession, and from his accurate transcripts the 
}tresent reprints have been made. 

John Butler, the printer of the " Doctrinall of 
good Servauntes," is stated, upon the autliority of 
Ames, to have been a judge of the Common pleas 
as well as a printer. "The only book we have 
yet found with his name," says Dr. Dibdin, 
( TypoqrapMcal Antiquities iii. 173), is the folloAV- 
ing : " Parvulorinn Institutio ex Stanbrigiana 
CoUectione," 4to. We are now enabled to add the 
names of two books to the Doctor's list, for be- 
sides the " Doctrinall of good Servauntes," Butler 



yiii 



})rinted the " Coniiercyon of Swerers" by Stephen 
Hawes, a copy of which was also in the possession 
of Mr. Caldecott. 

It is conjectured, from his using the same device, 
that Butler Avas tlie master of Robert Wyer, one 
of the most industrious typographers of the six- 
teenth century, and the printer of the "Com play nt 
of a dolorous Louer," which forms the fourth tract 
of the iDresent volume. 

The " Boke of Mayd Emlyn" and the " New 
Nutbrowne Mayd" are from the press of John 
Skot, or Scott, as he frequently spells his name. 
They were reprinted in 1820 by the late George 
Isted, Esq. for the members of the Roxburgh 
Club. A copy of the reprint in the British Mu- 
seum has the date 1515 written on each tract, but 
this is unsupported by any authority. Skot's 
publications extend from 1521 to 1537, the first- 
named year being that of his earliest dated publi- 
cation, but it is not unlikely that the tracts in 
question may have been printed a few years 
earlier. 

The story of " Mayd Emlyn" is probably more 
ancient than the date of the tract, and bears some 
slight resemblance to Chaucer's " Wife of Bath." 
The woodcut on the title-page had been previously 
used by Pynson in " The Shyp of Folys" printed 
in 1509, for which work it appears to have been 



originally iiitoiulcil. Tlic " New Niitbrownc 
Mayd* is a inoralization ol" the beautiful old 
ballad of" the Nut-iJrown Maid, which wa!< 
introduced to j)o|>ulur notice in the last century 
by Prior, and was edited in 1760 by Capell in his 
" Prclusions." The only work in which the ballad 
ha8 yet been discovered is Arnold's ''Chronicle,"' 
supposed to have been printed about 1502, 

The ''New Xutbrowne ISIayd" is an extremely 
close parody upon the original, and exhibits one ol" 
the most curious specimens of a practice very com- 
mon in the sixteenth century, that of turning 
popular songs into })ious ballads. It is perhaps 
unnecessary to say that the two last-mentioned 
tracts were unknown, until re])rinted by the Rox- 
burgh Club. 

The ibiu'th tract, the " Complaynt of a 
Dolorous Louer," is indeed a sorry specimen of 
])oetry, and its extreme rarity is the only excuse 
we can make for including it in the present 
selection. The same may almost l)e said oi" 
" Loue's Leprosie.'' It is the production of 
Thomas Powell, a Welsh poet, the author of the 
" Passionate Poet, with a descrij)tion of the 
Thracian Ismarus :" Printed hy Valentine 
Sim7)ies, 1601 ; and of a prose tract interspersed 
with poetry, entitled " A TVelch Bayte to spare 
Provender ; or, a looking backe vpon the Times 

b 



past:" Printed hy Valentine Simmes^ 1603. As a 
poet, Powell deals much more in new words than 
new thoughts, and there is a laboured constraint 
in his writing which not unfrequently involves 
his meaning in obscurity. 

A person of the same name also wrote an 
entertaining tract entitled, " Wheresoever you 
see me, trust unto your self, or the Mysterie of 
Lending and Borrowing," 1623, besides several 
others of the same kind ; but whether he 
can be identified as the author of the poetical 
tracts of the preceding century is a matter of 
question. 



CONTENTS. 



1. The Doctrinall of good Servauntos 
•2. The Boke of Mayd Emlyn 

3. The New Nutbrowne MayJ 

4. The Complaynt of a tlolnrous LoiuT 
'). LoiU'S l.epi'osie 



1 

13 
31 
55 
63 





botittFa4 of if^oHnjxmUs^ 





THE DOCTRYNALL OF GOOD 
SERVAUNTES. 



All ye seruantes that good intende to be, 
Biiliolde in this treatysc here present, 

In the whychc wrytcn ye shall se 

Ryght good doctrynes playne and euydcnt. 

'riiou that seruest the spyrytualyte, 
Behaue thyselfe to them obedyent ; 

Not for them, but for theyr degre, 

Syih they consecrate our God omnipotent. 

Thou that them seruest at the autere, 
Entende to them with all thy dylygence, 

Be of thy mynde peasyble and entere, 

That thou be worthy in thy Loi'des presence. 

Thou seruant seruynge ony prelate, 

The whyche is set in dygnyte, 
For thejT subgectes be good aduocate, 

Supportynge them in good equyte. 

b2 



4 THE DOCTRYNALL 

Ye seruauntes in grete company, 
In any lordes hous or mansyon, 

Yf ye be yonge, se ye obey 

To your elders, for it is reason. 

A seruante ought to loue his lorde 
With all his herte, and not to fayne ; 

Yf he do the proffyte in dede and worde, 
Do that thou it deserue agayne. 

Seruauntes ought to be honourable, 

Of theyr bodyes specyally. 
To aU men seruysable. 

And to ete and drynke ay sobrely. 

Seruauntes ought not to swere in vayne, 
The name of God in no maner, 

Nor of his sayntes, beware that trayne. 
For it standeth in grete daungere. 

Ye seruauntes not seruynge at table, 
In takynge of your nuryture, 

Speke lytell and be agreable. 
So that ye fauour may procure. 

Euery man they ought to please, 

And them obey with lowe intencyon ; 

In lytell medlynge is grete ease, 
Fie dysceyte, gyle, and decepcyon. 



OF GOOD 8KKVAUNTES. 

A seruaunte ought not for to brynge 
No newe tydynges vnto theyr lorde, 

Without they be nere hym touchynge, 
For therof cometh grete dyscorde. 

Seruauntes ought to aduertyse, 
To say euer trouthe and veryte, 

Blame no man in ony wyse, 
Behaue the after thy degre. 

Seruauntes that go on message 
Of theyr mayster to ony place, 

Thinke well that it is grete outrage 
To countrefet thy seale in ony case. 

Seruauntes ought after theyr pleasaunce, 
For to be clenly of theyr bodyes, 

Humble of loke and countenaunce, 
Behauynge them to all degrees. 

A seruaunt ought with dylygence, 

To euery man to do honoure, 
And to his mayster with reuerence 

Enclyne hymselfe at euery houre. 

A seruaunt ought euer for to tie 
All places that are of euyll name, 

As tauernes and houses of baudry, 

"\\Tiichc bi'yngeth many a man to shame. 



b THE DOCTRYNALL 

Who that wyll serue in loyalte 

Marchauntes, preestes, or gentylmen, 

To them dylygent must euer be, 

And on euery hande haue fyngers ten. 

Thou seruaunt that herest thy felawes blame. 
And that he is not theyr present. 

Blame hym for gyuynge his yll name, 
Supportynge hym that is absent. 

Ye seruauntes in ony wyse 

Haue taken charge of besynes, 
Erly in the mornynge se ye ryse, 

Your werke and laboure to redresse. 

Ye that ai'e seruauntes in noblesse. 
In kynges courte and other where, 

Gyue euer honour to gentylnesse, 

And your souerayne lorde loue and fere. 

Ye seruauntes that in courte remayne, 
Whiche here ony falshode or subtylte, 

llolde your tonge and not com play ne, 
But yf it touche the mageste. 

Seruauntes in courte that haue governaunce 

Of the comenty in ony wyse. 
Ought not so ferre them to auaunce, 

Leest theyr mayster them dyspyse. 



OF GOOD SERVAUNTES. 

You marchauntes seruauntes 1 you auyse, 
And ye labourers bothe daye and nyght, 

Set not your mynde on couetyse, 

Auoyde falshode, or ye do not ryght. 

Seruauntes ought not to ensue 

Theyr owne wyll nor volunte, 
But to theyr mayster to be true, 

Doynge his wyll with humelyte. 

Seruauntes that are good and true, 

Ought faythfuUy to bye and sell ; 
Fraude and falshode must they eschue, 

EUes are they theues, and go to hell. 

Ye marchauntes seruauntes, that go by the wayc 
To bye or sell your marchaundyse. 

Where ye become do truely paye. 

And giue true compte in your aduyse. 

And ye that serueth labourers, 

Of sloathfulnes se ye beware. 
Be dylygent in all maners. 

And by no meanes your body spare. 

Seruauntes of chyrche or of noblesse, 

Of laboure or of marchaundyse, 
Thinke that trouth is worthe rychesse, 

Therfore loue yt in ony wyse. 



8 THE DOCTRYNALL 

Ye seruauntes that wayte vpou the table, 

Be ye honest and dylygent, 
To hym that is most honourable 

Afforme your maners and entent. 

Couer your borde honestly, 

After the custome of the countre ; 

And whan they are set do you applye, 
Echone to serue after his degre. 

Yf ony be amonge them all 

To whome your mayster wyll do honoure, 
Tende ye hym as pryneypall, 

Therby shall ye fall in fauoure. 

Fyrst serue ye in the potage, 

And than eche meet after his degre. 

And be ye euer ware of outrage, 
Or tatche of dyshoneste. 

Ye seruauntes that at home do byde, 
Wlian your mayster is forth of towne, 

Ye wysest sholde the other guyde, 
Kepynge good rule and prouysyowne. 

And ye seruauntes of euery place, 
Whan that the dyner is at an ende. 

Present yourselfe for to saye grace, 

Thankynge that Lorde that all dooth sende. 



OF GOOD SERVAUNTES. 

UTian that your mayster is fro the table, 
And eche thynge as it sholde be, 

Take your repast that is agreable, 
So ye behaue you honestly. 

Yf that tliou wylte thy mayster please, 
Thou must haue these thre prepryetees, 

For to lyue at thyne hertes ease, 
Auoydynge many of aduersytees. 

A hartes fete with eeres of an asse. 
An hogges snowt to must thou haue, 

So mayst thou please in euery case 
Thy mayster, yf thou the thus behaue. 

Uy an asse eeres this is mente. 

That thou must harken hym a boute. 

And yi" that he be not content, 

Saye nought, but se thou hym doute. 

By the hogges snowte vnderstonden is 
What mete soeuer to the is brought. 

Though it be somwhat a mys, 

Holde thy peas and grutche nought. 

As to regarde of the fete of an harte. 
They sholde euer theyr mayster socoure, 

Payne the for hjnn though that thou smerte. 
To renne and go at euery houre. 



10 THE DOCTRYNALL 

Nyght nor day spare no laboure, 
Rader than he shokle haue domage, 

Helpe hym in welth and in doloure, 
Yf ony wolde do hym outrage. 

Yf thou thus truely thy mayster serue. 
He wyll it perceyue within a whyle, 

Than shalte thou haue that thou doost descrue, 
And a good name that none dooth fyle. 

But yf that thou do hym begyle, 

He shall perceyue it at the laste, 
Than shall thy dedes thy name dyffyle, 

And out of his hous he shall the cast. 

Whan that thou arte thus departed 

Without his loue dyshonestely, 
As a seruaunte full yll aduerted, 

And other mayster must thou aspye. 

Than shall they come pryuely 

And aske whyder thou were yll or good ; 
Yf he say yll and the bewrye, 

No man wiU haue the, by my hood. 

But yf some be in uecessyte, 

And can none other seruaunte fynde, 

Suche peraduenture wyll haue the, 

But euer thou shalte fynde hym vnkynde. 



OF GOOD NERVAL' NTIiS. 11 

But yf he be a foole or blynde, 

EUes wyll he none of thy seruyce ; 
Than must thou wander afore the wynde, 

Thei'fore of this se tliou be wyse. 

Let pacyence abate thy maysters rygour, 
And take good hede to his condycyon, 

Thou shalt to hym do grete honour, 
Submyttynge the to his correccyon. 

And yf thy mayster make ye his secretary, 
Se thou haue a sare tongue and stable ; 

His counseyle se thou not bewry, 

A secrete tongue is euer prouffytable. 

And yf your mayster haue an vse 
To swere the name of God in vayne, 

II is company se you refuse, 

Leest ye be brought in suche a trayue. 

Seruauntes auoyde the company 

Of them that playe at cardes or dyse, 

For yf that ye them haunte truely, 
To thefte shall they you soone attyse. 

Ye seruauntes that se the courage, 

Of your mayster on angre set, 
Yf he wyll do ony man domage. 

With your myght se ye hym lette. 



12 THE DOCTRYNALL, ETC, 

Ye seruauntes that ben in batayle, 

Beware pyll not the comynte, 
Do not the chyrche robbe ne assayle, 

Of God defended yf ye wyll be. 

What ye do stele ye must restore, 

Or here be hanged shamfully, 
Or the hell fyre endure therfore ; 

One must ye suffre of thes thre. 

Ye seruauntes that ben oft angry, 

Or oft dysposed for to fyght. 
By dyscrecyon rule you wysely, 

Hauynge the dethe ay in your syght. 

Sex'uauntes yf that ye wyll ensue 

The doctrynes and them obserue. 
And serue and loue God with hertes true, 

The blysse of heuen ye shall deserue. 

Wherof the kynge shall you preserue, 

Sendynge you ryehesse and good mundayne, 

Thus in this worlde can not ye sterue, 
Yf that ye fro synne you refrayne. 

Ye seruauntes that wyll kepe in mynde, 

Thes doctrynes afore specyfyed, 
Yf ye them folowe trust well to fynde 

Some maners to be magnyfyed. 

Imprynted at London, in Fletestrete, at the sygiie of Suyut 
Johan Euangelyste, by me Jolian Butler. 



I^crr is ti^e bof^c of mnpti l^mlnn tftat Dntr 
.b. iDusbantics anb all l^oclxoltirs ; sfie luolli 
mafec tj^cijr bcrlics toftctficr t^rn fajolb or no, antr 
ague tf)cm to toerc a pratn tootrcfull of belles. 




THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN 



Wyll ye liero of meruaylk-s 
Drawne out of Gospellcs 

Of mayde Emlynne, 
Tlmt had luisbandes fyue, 
And all dyd ncuer thryue ? 

She coude so well spynne, 
Louynge to go gaye, 
And seldom for to praye, 

For she was borne in synne : 
Ofte wolde she seke 
The tauernes in the weke, 

Tyll her wytte was thynne ; 
Full swetely wolde she kys 
With galauntes, ywys, 

And say it was no synne ; 
Thus collynge in armes 
Some men caught harmes, 

Full lytell dyd they w^nne ; 
And if her husbande said ought, 
Loke what she sonest cought, 

At his heed she wolde it flynge. 



THE BOKE OF MA YD EMLYX. 

She wolde saye, lozell thou 
I wyll teche the, I trowe, 

Of thy language to blynne ; 
It is pyte that a knaue 
A prety woman sholde haue, 

That kuoweth not golde from tynne. 
I trowe thou jalouse be 
Bytwene my cosyn and me, 

That is called syr Sym ; 
Thoughe I go ofte thyder, 
We do nought togyder, 

But prycked balades synge. 
And I so cunnynge be 
The more worshyp is to the, 

Gyuynge thanke to hym : 
For he me fyrste taught, 
So I may cunnynge caught, 

Whan I wente a brosshynge. 
With suche wordes douse, 
Thys lyteU prety mouse, 

The yonge lusty prymme : 
She coude byte and whyne 
Whan she saw her tyme, 

And with a prety gynne, 
Gyue her husbande an home. 
To blowe with on the morne : 

Beshrowe her whyte skynne ! 
And ofte wolde she sleke 
To make smothe her cheke. 

With redde roses therin ; 



TI1K nOKK OF MAYP KMLYN. 17 

Than wolde she mete, 
Witli Iter leraman swete, 

And cutte with h}'ni ; 
Talkynge for theyr pleasure. 
That cocke with the Tether, 

Is gone an huntynge ; 
Hyraselfe all alone 
To the wode he is gone 

To here the kockowe synge. 
Thus with her playfere, 
iVIaketh she mery chere, 

The husbande knoweth nothynge ; 
She gyueth money plente, 
Bycause newe loue is daynte, 

Unto her swetynge. 
And prayeth ofte to come, 
To playe there as shyneth no sonne : 

So at the nexte metynge, 
She gyueth her husbande a pry eke 
That made hym double quycke, 

So good was the gretynge. 
Kocke, called of the bone, 
That neuer was mayster at home, 

But as an vnderlyuge ; 
His wyfe made hym so wyse. 
That he wolde tourne a peny twyse, 

And than he called it a ferthynge. 
Nothynge byleued he 
But that he dyd with his eyes se, 

Full trewe was his meanynge ; 

c 



18 THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

She cherysshed hym with hrede and ehese, 
That his lyfe he dyd lese : 

Than made she mournynge, 
And dranke deuoutly for his soule, 
The handbell ofte dyd she coUe, 

Full great sorowe makynge. 
This sory widowe 
But a Avhyle I trowe, 

Mournynge dyd make ; 
Whan he was gone 
A yonge lusty one, 

She dyd than take ; 
Longe wolde she not tary 
Lest she dyd myscary, 

But full ofte spake 
To haste the weddynge 
And all for beddynge, 

Some sporte to make ; 
Her herte to ease 
And the flesshe to please, 

Sorowes to aslake. 
In it out joyenge 
That wanton playenge, 

For the olde husbandes sake ; 
Yet by your leue 
A frere dyd she gyue. 

Of her loue a flake ; 
And sayd in her ouen 
At any maner of season, 

That he sholde bake, 



THE BOKE OF MAYl) EMLYN. 19 

There is rome ynowe, 
For other and for you. 

And space to set a cake. 
The seconde husbande Nycoll, 
That pore sely soulc, 

Myght not escape, 
A kockolde to dye 
It was his destenye, 

As man vnfbrtunate. 
His wyfe vndeuoute 
Ofte wolde go aboute, 

And steppe ouer many a hike ; 
Makynge bost in her mode, 
That her husbande can no more good 

Than can an vntaught ape. 
Thus by her scole 
Made hym a fole, 

And called hym dodypate ; 
So from his thryfte 
She dyd hym lyfte, 

And therof creste the date ; 
She made hym sadde. 
And sayd he was badde, 

Croked legged lyke a stake ; 
She lyked not his face, 
And sayd he mouthed was 

Moost lyke an hawke ; 
This good man ease, 
Was lothe to dysplease. 

But yet thought somwhat, 

c 2 



20 THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

Thynkynge in his mynde, 
That a man can fynde, 

A wyfe neuer to late ; 
For of theyr properte, 
Shx-ewes all they be, 

And style can they prate. 
All women be suche 
Thoughe the man here the breche, 

They wyll be euer checkemate. 
Faced lyke an aungell, 
Tonged lyke a deuyll of hell, 

Great causers of debate ; 
They loke full smothe, 
And be false of loue, 

Venymous as a snake. 
Desyrynge to be praysed, 
A iofte to be raysed, 

As an hyghe estate ; 
And these wanton dames 
Ofte chaungeth theyr names, 

As An, Jane, Besse and Kate. 
Thus thynketh he, 
In his mynde pryuely, 

And nought dare saye ; 
For he that is maysterfast, 
Full ofte is agast. 

And dare not ronne and playe. 
If she be gladde, 
Than is he sadde, 

And fere of a sodayne fraye, 



THE IJOKE 0\- >I.\V1) KMLYN. 

For WdiiianV prvdr 

Is to lauglie Jiiul cliydo, 

Kuery lioun.' in a tla\ <•. 
Wluin she ilotlie loure, 
And begynucth to snown-, 
Pyteously dothe he >ayo, 
Wliat do ye lacke ? 
()ny thynge swete herte, 

That I to you gyue maye. 
She answered hym 
With wordes grotchynge, 

Wysshynge her solfe in chiye, 
And sayth tliat she lackes 
Many i)rety knackes, 

As bedes and gyrdels gaye ; 
And the best sporte 
Tliat shohle me comforte, 

"Wliiche is a swete playe, 
I can it not haue, 
For so God me saue. 

Thy power is not to paye. 
There is nought, 
Nought may be couglit, 
I can no more saye ; 
Many men nowe here 
Can not women chere, 

But maketh ofte delay ; 
The wyfe dothe mone, 
It is not at home, 

And borroweth tyll a daye, 



22 THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

What it is I trowe, 
Well ynoughe ye knowe, 
It is no nede to saye ; 
Thus saye the wyues, 
If theyr husbandes thryues, 
That they the causers be ! 
They gete two wayes, 
Bothe with worke and playes, 

By theyr huswyuery. 
With theyr swete lyppes, 
And lusty hyppes, 

They worke so plesauntly, 
Some wyll fall anone 
For they be not stronge, 

They be weyke in the kne. 
Be they pore or be they ryche, 
I beshrewe all suche, 

Amen nowe saye ye ; 
They thynke it is as great alraes, 
As to saye the seuen psalmes, 

And dothe it for charyte. 
To gete gownes and furs, 
These nysebeceturs, 

Of men sheweth theyr pyte, 
Somtyme for theyr lust, 
Haue it they must, 

Or seke wyll they be ; 
If it do stycke 
And she fele it quycke. 
Full slyle dothe she 



THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 23 

Begyn for to grone, 

And Avjssheth she hafl lyne alone. 

What ajleth you than ? sayth he, 
She saythe, syr I am with chylde, 
It is yours by Mary mykie ! 

And so he weneth it be. 
Whan played is the playe, 
Jacke the husbande must paye, 

This dayly may ye se. 
He was gladde ywys, 
Of that that is not his, 

And dothe it vp kepe ; 
She that dothe mocke hyui, 
Another mannes concubyne, 

And hys chylde eke : 
Lo thus dothe landes 
Fall in wronge ayres handes, 

The causers may well wepe ; 
And worse dothe happen truely, 
The broder the syster dothe mary. 

And in bedde togyther slepe. 
To synne lyghtely wyll the chylde drawe, 
That is bekoten without lawe, 

Wedlocke is veray swete ; 
But ones for all 
The daye come shall. 

The crye shall be welawaye ; 
Of all wedlocke brekers, 
Thus saythe greate prechers, 

Theyr dettes shall they truely paye. 



24 THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

All they that dothe offende, 
God graunt them to amende, 

And therfore lette vs praye. 
But nowe of Emlyne to speke, 
And more of her to treate, 

Truely for to saye. 
Whan the seconde husbande was dede, 
The thyrde husbande dyde she wedde, 

In full goodly araye. 
But as the deuyll wolde, 
Oi' the pyes were colde, 

Fell a sodayne fraye ; 
Moyses had a newe brother, 
It wolde be none other, 

And all came thorughe playe. 
But mayde maydenhode myssynge, 
Knoweth what longeth to kyssynge. 

It is no nede to saye. 
She loued well I trowe, 
And gaue hym sorowe ynowe. 

But ones on the daye, 
With hym wolde she chyde, 
He durst not loke asyde, 

The bounde must euer obaye. 
This man was olde 
And of compleccyon colde, 

Nothynge lusty to playe ; 
She was fuU ranke, 
And of condycyons eranke, 

And redy was alvvaye ; 



THE BUKE OK MAYD EMLYN. 2o 

In Venus toyes 
"Was all hei' joyes, 

Seldome sayde she iiaye ; 
At the laste she thought, 
That her husbande was nouglit, 

And purposed ou a daye, 
To shorten his lyt'e, 
And as a true wyfe 

She wolde it not delaye. 
To t'ultyU her lust, 
In a well she hym thrust, 

"Without any Iraye ; 
Aud made countenaunce sad 
As thoughe she be sory had ; 

Also in good fa}'e, 
A reed onyon wolde she kepe, 
To make her eyes wepe. 

In her kerchers I saye. 
She was than stedfast and stronge. 
And kepte her a wydowe veraye longe, 

In faythe almoost two dayes ; 
Bycause she made greate mone. 
She wolde not lye louge alone. 

For fere of sodayne frayes ; 
Leste her husbande dede 
Wolde come to her bedde, 

Thus in her mynde she sayes. 
The fourthe husbande she cought. 
That was lyke her nexte uought, 

For he vsed his playes — 



26 THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

With maydens, wyues and nonnes ; 
None amysse to hym commes, 

Lyke they be of layes ; 
Hym she lyked yll, 
She prayed the fende hym kyll, 

Bycause he vsed her wayes : 
This maunes name was Harry, 
He coude full clene eary, 

He loued prety gayes. 
So it happened at the last 
An halfepeny halter made hym fast, 

And therin he swayes ; 
Than she toke great thought, 
As a woman that careth nought, 

So for his soule she prayes ; 
And bycause she was seke 
She wedded the same weke, 

For very pure pyte and wo. 
Yet or she was wedded, 
Thryse had she bedded, 

And great hast made thcrto. 
The husbande had sone ynowe, 
But Emlyn bended her browe, 

And thought she had not so, 
But to ease her louer 
She toke another. 

That lustely coude do ; 
One that yonge was, 
That coude ofte her basse, 

Whiche she had fantesy to. 



THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 

He coude well awaye, 
AVith her lusty playe, 

And neuer wolde haue do. 
Bycause he coude clepe her, 
She called hym a whypper ; 

And as they were togyder 
They bothe swetely played ; 
A sergeaunt them afrayed, 

And sayd they were full queuer. 
They were than full wo, 
The frere wolde ben a go, 

He cursed that he came thyder ; 
"Whether they were leue or lothe, 
He set them in the stockes bothe, 

He wolde none dysceyuer. 
In niyddes of the market 
Full well was set, 

In full fayre wether, 
For it dyd hayle and thonder ; 
On them many men dyd wonder. 

But Enilyne laughed ever ; 
She thought it but a jape, 
To se men at her gape, 

Therof she shamed neuer ; 
And sayd for her sportynge, 
It is but for japynge, 

That we be brought hyder ; 
It is nother treason nor felony, 
But a knacke of company, 

And dye had I leuer 



28 THE BOKE OP MAYD EMLYN. 

Than it forsake, 

For I wyll mery make, 

IVTiyle youthe hathe fay re wether. 
Whan her husbande it knewe 
Sore dycl he it rewe, 

And was so heuy and wo, 
He toke a surfet with a cup, 
That made hym tourne his heels vp, 

And than was he a go. 
And whan she was at large, 
Care she dyde dyscharge, 

And in her mynde thought tho ; 
Nowe wyll I haue my luste, 
With all them that wyll juste. 

In spyte of them that saythe so . 
And bycause she loued rydynge, 
At the stewes was her abydynge, 

Without wordes mo ; 
And all that wolde entre. 
She durst on them ventre, 

Veray gentyll she was lo ; 
And longe or she were dede, 
She w^ente to begge her brede, 

Suche fortune had she tho ; 
God dyd bete her surely, 
With the rodde of pouerte, 

Or she dyde hens go. 
Than she dyed as ye shall, 
But what of her dyde befall, 

Naye there do I ho ; 



THE BOKE OF MAYD EMLYN. 29 

But they that rede this erly or late, 
I praye Jesu theyr soules take, 
Araen saye ye also. 



FINIS. 



Iiiijirynted at London without Xewrgate, in Saynt Pulker's Parysslie, 
by ine John Skot, dwellyiige in tlir Ohio Bayly. 



fBcrr bcggnnttt tfjc nctw /lotboriinr maijlr 
fapon tfjc passion of Crpstc. 



IIKIIE BEGYNNETH THE NEW NOTBORUXE 
MAYD VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 



Ryght and no wrong, 
It is amonge 

Yt I of man complayne, 
Affyrmynge this, 
Howe that it is 

A laboure spent in vaync. 
To loue hym well, 
For neuer a dell 

lie wyll me loue agayiie : 
For though that I 
Me sore applye 

His faner to attayne, 
Yet yf that shrewe 
To hym pursue 

That clepyd is Sathan, 
Hym to eonuerte, 
Sone from his herte 

I am a banysshed man. 

MARIA THE MAYDE. 

I say not naye, 
Bothe nyght and daye, 



St THE NEW NOTBORUNE MA YD 

Swete Sonne as ye hane sayde, 
Man is vnkyntle, 
Hys faythfull mynde 

In maner is halfe decayed ; 
But neuer the lesse, 
Through ryght wysenes 

Theyrwith be not apayed ; 
Yet mercy trewe 
Muste contynewe. 

And not aparte be layed ; 
Syth ye for loue 
Carae frome aboue, 

Frome your father in ti'one, 
Of louynge niynde 
To warde mankynde, 

To dye for hym alone. 

JESUS. 

Than ye and I, 
Mother Marye, 

Let vs despute in fere ; 
Ryght hertely I you supply, 

Your reason lette me here. 
With man vnkynde, 
Hath neuer mynde, 

Of me that bought hym dere ; 
If his folye 
Shulde haue mercy, 

Ayenste all ryght it were. 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 35 

1 am by lyglit 
The kynge of lyght, 

For man my blode out ranne ; 
Ye knowe a parte, 
Yet from his herte 

I am a banysshed man. 



Here in your \vyll 
For to fulfyU, 

I wyll not soue refuse, 
To say the truthe 
More is it ruthe, 

I cannot man excuse ; 
To his owne shame 
He is to blame, 

His lyfe soo to measure. 
Yet though rygoure 
Without fauour, 

Wolde hyni theyrfore accuse, 
Mercy I pleate 
That is more greate, 

Than rygoure ten to one ; 
Syth of good mynde 
Towarde mankynde, 

Ye dyed for liym alone. 

JESUS. 

The cause stode so, 
Suche dedes were do, 

D 2 



56 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Wherfore moche harrae dyde growe 
To man, and I 
Came for to dye, 

A shamefull detlie ye knowe, 
Vpon a tree. 
To make hym free. 

This loue I dyde hym showe ; 
Yet to my lawe 
For loue nor awe, 

He wyll not bende nor bowe. 
Thus my dere mother, 
For man my brother, 

Let me do what I canne, 
Hym to conuerte, 
Yet from his herte 

I am a banysshed man. 



O lorde of blysse, 
Remembre this, 

Howe mannes mynde is like the mone ; 
Is varyable, 
Frayle, and vnstable, 

At morowe, nyhgt, and noone. 
Though he vnkynde 
Haue not in mynde, 

What ye for hym haue doone ; 
Yet haue compassyon, 
Of our saluacyon, 

Forsake not man so soone. 



Vl'OX THE PASSION OF CUYSTE. 07 

A whyle hym spare, 
He shall prepare 

Ilym selfe to you anone ; 
With harte and mynde, 
Louynge and kynde, 

To seme but you alone. 

JESUS. 

I can beleue 
He shall remeue, 

His synne a daye or twayne ; 
But lytell space, 
That God of grace, 

Wyll in his herte remayne ; 
It shall aslake, 
And he wyll take, 

His okle vsage agayne : 
So from his thought, 
I that hym bought, 

Shall be expoulsed playne. 
Thus wyll he do, 
Swete mother, loo, 

Holde ye all that ye canne ; 
Vpon his parte. 
Yet frome his herte, 

I am a banysshed man. 

MARIA. 

Swete Sonne, syth ye 
To make hym fre, 

4 5 3 7 1 



38 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Wold dye of your good myude ; 
Your herte souerayne, 
Clouen in twayne, 

By longes the blynde. 
And all was done 
That man alone, 

Shulde not be lefte behynde ; 
Your goodnes euer, 
Dothe styll perseuer, 

Though he haue ben vnkynde. 
What is oiFendyd, 
Shall be amended, 

Ye shall persayue anone ; 
He shall be kynde, 
Yeldynge his mynde 

And loue to you alone. 



Matter in dede. 

My sydes dyde blede 

For man, ryght as ye saye, 
Yet yonge and olde, 
He neuer wolde 

Vnto my lawes obaye. 
But to fulfyll 
His wanton wyll, 

Wrenchynge from me alway. 
Frome his delyght, 
By day or nyght, 

He wyll make no delay : 



VPON THE PASSION OF CllYSTE. 39 

Lo mother ! he 
Refuseth me, 

And tourneth hyni to Sathan ; 
Thus from his thought, 
I that hym bought, 

Am made the banysslied man. 



Bothe olde and yonge, 
He hathe done wronge, 

I graunt sone to the same ; 
Knowynge at large 
In Sathan's barge, 

Emparynge his good name. 
Syth ye hym loue, 
A greate reproue 

It is to hym, and shame ; 
I do confesse 
By ryght wysenes, 

He is greatly to blame : 
But I commence 
Afore clemence, 

For man myne accyon ; 
Let rygour reste, 
Mercy can beste 

Determyn this alone. 

JESUS. 

Consydre nowe 
Swete mother, howe 



40 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Man is a wylde outlawe ; 
Renneth a boughte 
In euery route, 

Workynge ayenst my lawe ; 
And yf the deuyll 
Tempte hym to euyll, 

Theyrto sone wyll he drawe, 
And all myschefe, 
Ys to hym lefe, 

Withouten loue or awe. 
To me or yon, 
Though for his prowe 

Ye do to aU ye can, 
Whan all is sought, 
Quyet frome his thought 

I am a banysshed man. 

MARIA. 

Though as ye say 
lie disobaye 

Your commaundement and lore. 
Yet yf loue make 
Hym to forsake. 

His synne and wepe therfore; 
With full contrycyon 
For his transgressyon. 

His herte oppressynge sore ; 
Contryte and meke, 
As Dauyd speke. 

What aske ye of hym more. 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 41 

My Sonne, my lorde, 
Your prophyte's Avorde 

I pray you thynke vpon, 
And ye shall fynde 
Man meke and kynde, 

To serue but you alone. 



My lierte and niawe 
To rent and dravve, 

And me with othes to bynde, 
Cheseth not he ; 
Grace or pytye, 

In hym can I none fynde. 
The crewell Jewes, 
Were to me shrewes, 

But he is more vnkynde ; 
Syth for his prowe, 
He knoweth well howe, 

I dyde of louynge myude. 
Of me eche raembre 
He dothe remembre, 

"With othes aU that he can ; 
Thus ofte I fynde 
Me in his mynde, 

But elles a banysshed man. 

MARIA. 

Full well knowe ye, 
Ayenst thyes thre 



42 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Man feble is to fyght, 
The deuyll, his flesshe, 
The worlde all fresshe, 

Prouoke hym day and nyght 
To sue theyr trace, 
Wliyche in eche case, 

Is wronge and neuer I'yght ; 
That thyne stabylyte, 
Of his fragylyte, 

Ayenst them hath no myhgt. 
Though man that frayle is, 
Swere armes and nales, 

Brane, blode, sydes, passyon ; 
Swete Sonne regarde, 
Your paynes harde. 

Ye dyded for hym alone. 

JESUS. 

Now for mannes nede 
Sith I wolde blede, 

And great anguysshe sustayne, 
In stony wayes. 
Both nyghtes and dayes, 

Walkynge in frost and rayne, 
In clode and hete, 
In drye and wete, 

My fete were bare both twayne ; 
Though I for loue 
To mannes behoue 

Endured all this payne ; 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 43 

That I therfore 
Sholde spare the more, 

No reason fyiide ye can ; 
Rather I sholde 
More strayte hym holde, 

And as a banysshed man, 

MARIA. 

Yet my sonne dere 
I pray you here, 

"VVTiat tyme poure reason is ; 
Mannes soule to cure, 
Ye dyde endure 

Moche payne, I knowe well this. 
To man all vayne 
Shulde be your payne, 

If he were put to blys ; 
For playne remyssyon 
Is my petycyon, 

Wliere man liathe wrought amys. 
Ye be his leche, 
I you beseche 

To saulu- his sores echone, 
That he vnkynde, 
May chaunge his mynde, 

And serue but you alone. 

JESUS. 

Hyther or theder, 

He careth not whyther. 



44 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

He go hym to enclyne 
To wyckydnesse ; 
From all goodnesse 

He dayly dothe declyne. 
In cardes and dyee, 
He corapteth no vyce, 

Nor syttynge at the wyne ; 
To fyght and swere, 
To rent and tere 

Asondre me and myne. 
Lo thus he dothe, 
To make me wrothe, 

The worst he may or can ; 
And I am twynde, 
Out of his mynde, 

Ryght as a banysshed man. 



My dere sonne dere, 
Syth ye the clere 

Fountayne of mercy be, 
Though man be frayle, 
He may not fayle, 

To fynde in you pytye. 
He wyll I truste 
Frome worldely lust, 

Turne his swete soule to me. 
And in shorte space 
So stande in grace, 

That I liis soule shall .^e 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 45 

To blysse asseude 
That hathe none ende, 

Thei*e to remayne as one 
That hathe ben kynde, 
And set his inynde 

To serue but you iilone. 

JESUS. 

Man greueth me sore, 
For lasse nor more, 

Wyll he wons doo for me ; 
Ones in a yere 
A good prayer, 

He sayeth not on his kne. 
The poure may stande. 
With empty hande, 

For almes theyr v\'}ll none be ; 
Bothe day and nyght, 
He flyeth the ryght. 

But folye he wyll not He. 
His proper wyll, 
For to fulfyll 

He doeth all that he can ; 
But from his thought, 
I that hym bought, 

Am euer a banysshed man. 

MARIA. 

If man for you, 
Nor his owne prow, 



46 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Wyll to no grace procede ; 
Mercy or grace, 
A fore your face, 

He none cleserueth in dede. 
But I your mother. 
For man your brother. 

Make instaunce in his nede ; 
Though he deserue 
To brynne and sterue 

In the infernall glede ; 
Spare hym for me, 
And ye shall se 

That he shall toux'ne anone 
Frome his folye, 
Incessantly 

To serue but you alone. 



Why shulde I soo, 
Nay let hym go, 

My dere mother Mary, 
Syth his delyght 
Is to be lyght. 

And deale so vnkyndly. 
For you nor me 
He wyll not flee 

From vyce ; nor hym applye 
My wordes to here, 
That bought hym dere. 

On crosse anguyously. 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 47 

Bothe yonge and olde, 
He hathe ben bokle 

To greue me that be can ; 
But my precept 
"Was euer vnkept, 

And I a banjssbed man. 

MARIA. 

For rutbe and drede 
Myne herte doth blede, 

Man in no wyse wyl be 
By reason sayd, 
Nor yet apayed 

From his offence to flee. 
For though that I 
For remedye, 

Do all that lyetli in me, 
To haue hym cured, 
Yet so endured 

With synne and vyce is he, 
That to be shorte, 
Wliat I exhorte 

Not herde is, yet anone, 
I trust he shall 
Make well his thrall, 

And serue but you alone. 

JESUS. 

So rude and wylde, 
And so defyled 



48 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Is he, past shame and drede, 
That to what lawe, 
He shulde hym drawe. 

He scarsely knoweth in dede. 
Yet better were 
For hym to lere 

Some vertii, and procede 
To grace, than saye 
Another daye, 

Alas, my wyeked dede 
Hathe me betrayed ; 
Lo thus, good mayde, 

The daughter of saynte Anne ; 
Man hath exylede, 
Frorae hym your chylde, 

Ryght as a banysshed man. 

MARIA, 

Wlian all to all 
Shall come, he shall 

I trust from vyce abrayed ; 
And flee theyrfroo, 
^VTiiche hathe hym so, 

Encombered and arayed. 
He shall repeli, 
Sathans councell, 

That ofte hathe hym betrayed ; 
With full compounctyon 
To take thy iniunction, 

That shal be to hym layed. 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 49 

Of harcle penaunce ; 
Atul hjin auaunce 

To seche reinyssyon, 
Full reconsyled 
To you my cliylile, 

To serue but you alone. 

JESUS. 

My coniauudement, 
Neuer tontcnte 

His hyghnes for to alowc ; 
Ilis irons braydc 
Wyll not be layed 

For me nor yet for you. 
Myne yerte to teare 
He liathe no feare, 

But dare it well avowe ; 
Pryde with hym goeth 
In herte and cloth, 

How say ye, mother, nowc ; 
Hy thynketh great ease 
Me to dysplease, 

By all the raeanes he can ; 
But whan my wyll 
He shulde fulfyU, 

I am a banysshed man. 

MARIA. 

Sonne, though mannes blode 
Be wylde and wode, 



THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Frayle as a fadyng lioure, 
Regardynge nought 
How ye hym bought, 

Out of the fendes powre ; 
With hertely mynde 
Euer enclyned 

To be a trausgressoure 
Ayenst your lawe ; 
And though he drawe 

Hymselfe to synne eche houre ; 
Ye may not soo 
His soule forgo, 

Syth ye syttynge in throne, 
Wolde for his loue 
Come frome aboue 

To dye for hym alone. 

JESUS. 

Mother, your loue 
I se the proue 

To man is kynde and true ; 
To haue his lyfe 
Brought out of stryfe, 

Kyndely for hym ye sue. 
And yf he wold 
His vyces olde 

Forsake, and take vertue ; 
I wolde for ruthe, 
Seynge the truthe 

And loue that ye hym shewe, 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 51 

Graunt hym reinyssyon, 
Vpon condycyoii 

That he forsake Sathan, 
That I may fynde 
Me in his myntle, 

And as no banysslied man. 

MARIA. 

Sonne, your petye 
And charytye, 

Was well perceyued and sene ; 
Whan your pleasure 
Was to endure 

To lye my sydes betvvene 
Nyne monethes, and than 
Be borne as man, 

And to bryuge hym from tene ; 
In graue be layed, 
And me your mayd 

To make of heuen queue ; 
And condestende 
Thus at the ende 

To graunte man your pardon 
At my requeste, 
Wherfore shulde reste 

Greate laude to you alone. 



The poore at nede 
To clothe and fede, 

E 2 



52 THE NEW NOTBORUNE MAYD 

Parte of his rent and wage 
He muste bestow e, 
Rememberynge howe 

All came of one lynage. 
Forsakynge synne 
He may me Avynne ; 

And to myne herytage 
I shall hym take, 
His soule to make 

My spouse in mariage. 
For to perseuer 
With me for euer ; 

With ioye she may say than, 
That she hathe wonne 
A kynges sonne. 

And not a banysshed man. 

THE TRANSLATOR. 

Regarde and se, 
man to the 

God is moche fauorable ; 
Eschewe thou than 
Reprefe no man, 

Beware by dedes dampnable ; 
In any wyse 
Euer despyse 

Sathan the deceyuable ; 
Thy soule beware. 
Out of his snare 

Neuer be founde instable. 



VPON THE PASSION OF CRYSTE. 53 

Perseuerauntly 
Reason apply e, 

Justely let all be done ; 
Endlesse solace 
Shall he purchase, 

That sernetli but God alone. 



Tlins endeth the boke of the iiewe Notbrowue Mnyd vpon the Passyon 

of Crrste, imprinted at London br John Skot, dwellynge in 

Foster lane within Saynt Lconardes perysshe. 



HERE BEGYNNETH 

A C O jM P L A Y N T 

A DOLOROUS LOUER 

VPON SUGRED WORDES AND FAYNED 
COUNTENAUNCE. 



I say, in right is reason, in trust is treason ; 
The louo of a woman cloth last but a season. 



Imprinted by Robert Wyer. 



IlKUE BEGVNNETH A COMl'LAVNT 01 
A DOLOROUS LOUEll. 



C). WHAT (ly scoml'orte I O, what dueyll I 
^\'llat grouaunce, O, what syghes depe, 

'J'hiis froTii my pleasure for to recuyll 

By force of her from wliens my paynes doth crepe ! 
To weiniige teres tourncd is my slepe ; 

O, what rage, to lone suche a fygure I 

Uoyded of pytie, replyte with rygoure. 

( ). what Iiope, what solace of suche seruyce I 

', how am I with dolour furnysshed ! 
O, what dyspayre, what sadnes, what dystres I 

As one in bytter tourmentes garnysslied; 

"With paynfuU thoughtes thus to be banysshed 
From lier that hath aboue all creatures 
My herte, and shall whyle the worlde endures. 

A\ liere I haue euer ben constant and true, 

Content and glad aboue all measure, 
To do that thynge that myght ensure 

To her delyght and dayly pleasure ! 

i) dolorous tourment that I endure, 
Tluio vnkyndly to be forsid^en I 
AVoldc God raythei' deth had me taken. 



58 A COMPLAINT OF 

O what recomforte shuld I nowe haue, 
For the langoure wherin I am wrapped ; 

Ha ! loue vntrue thou doest me dysceyue, 
By the semblaunce that I of the receyued, 
Helas ! syth I no sooner perceyued 

The sodayne stroke of thy vnkyndnesse, 

Which deedly dothe my herte oppresse. 

Helas ! to longe haue I attended, 

My greuous payne to deth hath me brought ; 
And where to loue I condyscended, 

Repent I cannot, though I it dere hath bought; 

My trouth and fydelyte is nowe set at nought. 
Helas ! moche better had ben for me 
With bestes to haue lyued that vnknowen be ; 

And there to haue eten rootes and grasse grene, 
And taken my rest in places dysconserte ; 

And neuer with woman to haue be sene, 
But so to haue lyued in places deserte. 
Then had I not knowen the causor of my smerte, 

Whiche lytell regardeth my loue assured. 

But with vnkyndnes my paynes hath procured, 

Whiche are so greuous, that causeth me dayly 
To crye and call for deth moste sodayne ; 

Wyllynge for her to dye more gladly 
Then to haue lyfe with her dysdayne. 
Nowe out of hope I do remayne, 

Euer to reioyce in playe or dysporte, 

But styll to endure without comforte. 



A DOLOROUS LOUER. 59 

So with complayntes and regretes pyteous, 
Uoydecl of all ioye and pleasure dylectable ; 

By force wherof constrayned to do thus, 
My lyfe to lede with syghes lamentable. 
Thus is my grefe imcomparable, 

And the remembraunce of her swete face 

From my iyes maketh the teres ronne apace. 

Thus do I thynke, O what dyspleasure ! 
What grefe, what offence haue I done ? 

Helas ! what thynge shuld her procure 
Thus me for to forsake so soone, 
For my true herte it is small guerdone ; 

O then what cause haue I for to complayne. 

That for loue suche doloure doth sustayne! 

O what sorowe, what syghes with lamentacyons ; 

What cryes, what wepynges, and what langoure ; 
What dueyll tourmented of dyuers facyons. 

What rygoure, what payne, what doloure ! 

O false dysdayne howe myght thou endure 
Thy selfe in suche a place to present, 
Whereas pytie shuld haue ben resydent. 

Helas! my dayes ai'e shortened by thee, 
And by the procurement of thy rewarde ; 

Wlierfore I may lament incessantly 

My wyttes trobled, my body sore apparde ; 
The roote of my sorowe hath no regarde 

To my dyscomforte and deedly payne; 

Wherfore with wo to lyue I muste be fayne. 



60 A COMPLAINT OF 

Helas! haue I not then great wronge, 

Syth my lyfe is abrydged and made shorte, 

And tliat for her my sorovves stronge, 
Whiche dayly doth to me resorte, 
Is causoure of my dyscomforte ? 

Not consyderynge my mortall payne, 

And greuous sorowes that I sustayne. 

Causeles exempte from her fauoure, 
Without equyte, reason, or ryght ; 

Helas ! syth justyce hath no powre, 

Trouth and fydelyte leseth theyr myght. 
Fayned countenannce hath blynded my syght 

Whom I thought faythfull had ben alwayes, 

With cruell dysdayne my wages payes. 

Nothynge in erthe so moche dyd me please, 
As to hear laude or commendacyon 

Gyuen vnto her; it dyd my herte moche ease, 
And also no trouble, syckenes, nor vexacyon. 
Thus me to grefe was none occasyon 

But her vnkyndnes, whom I supposed 

Her sugred wordes had not ben glosed. 

Whiche, as me seemed, was able to constrayne 
The power of dethe, to withdrawe his hande ; 

But nowe, helas ! my hope is all in vayne ; 
I haue it loste that shuld withstande, 
That was my ioye is nowe my wande ; 



A DOLOROUS LOUER. 61 

My scorge, my tourment, and my trauelle, 
Worse to endure then the payues of helle. 

By force wherof dymmed is my syght, 
My wyttes rauysshed, my lyfe is wery, 

My herynge stopped, my speche hath no myght, 
Thus is there nothynge can me mery, 
My dessperat dolour my body wolde bery. 

The longer I lyue the more is my payne, 

"VVherfore to dye I wolde be glad and fayne. 

My hole desyre is to be alone, 

That I may haue her in remembraunce. 

That is the causore of my mone, 

The roote and grounde of all my greuaunce ; 
Helas ! nowe haue I loste my vtteraunce, 

My tonge is faynt to crye or call, 

My voyce is feble, with lyfe ryght small. 

Constraynt of wo causeth the teres 
From my iyes plentuously to dystyll, 

Suche habundaunce of sorowe my herte beres, 
That my tonge can not vtter thefFecte of my wyll. 
My greuous herte my body doth fyll. 

Thus dyenge and not dead, I do endure, 

A hertles body without pleasure. 

Thus adieu, farewell aU ioye and pleasure ; 

Adieu all companye of myrthe and dyssporte ; 
Adieu all luthynge with songe or daunce, 



02 A COMPLAINT, ETC. 

Where in tymes past I had comforte ; 

But nowe, helas I I muste resorte 
Vnto that doloure of doloui'S most dolorous, 
The payne of paynes, then deth more greuous. 



Iiiipiyuteil by me Robert Wyer, dwellynge at the sygne of Saynt 

John Euangelyst, in Saynt Martyns parysshe, beside 

Charyng Crosse, in Norwytch Rents. 



CUM PRIUILEGIO REGALI. 



LOUES LEPROSIE 



THE PREFACE TO THE TITLE. 

The leprosie yf phisicke bin approued, 

Achilles cure, because Achilles loucd : 
The leprosie (saith Gordon) a disease, 

AYhich on the child as yet vnborne doth sease. 
Infectious and contagious, I could proue 

It is incurable, and so is loue. 
Loues leprosie, according to her kinde. 

Made him a leaper in a louers minde. 



Imprinted at London by W. White, dwelling in Cow-lane. 
1598. 



TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE 

SIR ROBERT SYDNIE, 

LORD GOUERNOUR OF FLUSHING, T.P. WISHETH ALL INCREASE 

OF HONOUR, WITH THE CONTINUANCE OF HIS HOUSE 

IN THAT FLORISHING ESTATE WHEREIN IT 

IS NOW ESTABLISHED. 



I KNOW not (right Honourable) liow to excuse this 
insinuation of mine, in committing this vnballast 
bai'ke to the maine of your protection, considering 
that euerie little riuer hath water enough to beare 
it from the ground ; yet if the ozean rage not (as in 
disdayne to support so weake a vessell) I may ac- 
complish the period of my desires, and by this voiage 
leai'ne to correct my compasse ; if otherwise, this 
barke, conteyning all my fortunes, suffers vntimely 
shipwracke, and I banquerout of my hopes : 

At tua supplicibus domus est assueta juvandis, 
In quorum iiumero me precor esse velis. 

There is a sea interventing the hauen Aulis, of 
Beotia and Eubcea, called Euripus, which flowes 
with such violence, that it preuayles against the 
windes in maynteining full sayles displayed ex 
aduerso: the same sea (right honorable) a true 

F 



66 THE EPISTLE. 

icltBa, resembles the loue wherewith you irabrace 
the muses sonnes in rescuing from the Phocian 
Pyreneus the Pyerian queristers, whom headstrong- 
lust seekesto dishonour ; I present to your Lordshyppe 
the lucklesse loues of Achilles, which if they may 
but gaine a gratious view in your iudiciall discretion, 
you shall buy my labours at a high rate, and I thinke 
my selfe therewith bountifully rewarded. 

Your Lordshippes officious in all dueties of humilitie. 

Tho. Powell. 



(57 



LECTORI. 

TwAS Dedelus that enuied at the boy 
Drencht iu the sea, for making of a toy : 

Little glory did he winne, 

Enuie is a mickle sinne. 

Tis he, and none but he I feare, 

Loath to buy my toy so deare. 

When Apollo shineth bright. 

Lesser starres shall loose their light. 

Wonder not when day is ended, 

Though our glimmering be extended. 

If I boiTow from the Sunne, 

And restore not, day once done. 

May this starre that's so impaled, 

Like a meteor be exhaled ; 

That with his prodigious breath. 

Doth infect vnto the death. 
Cast me not headlong from Parnassus hill. 
Although my work be wanting to my wiU. 
Gentle reader yours to vse. 
If propitiate with his muse. 

T. P. 



f2 



68 



JAMES HARMAN IN COMMENDATIONS OF 
THE AUTHOR. 



I CAN but muse to see thy tiraerous muse, 
Of Enuies hidden sting to stand in awe : 

What though th' Atliinian carpenter did bruse 
The forward youth, foyboasting of his saw : 

Enuie will turne to loue, and loue to liking, 

Such influence abideth in thy wryghting. 

Let but the gentle reader read thy yeares, 
Thy cygnet for a swanne he will allow ; 

For by Achilles loues it well appeares, 
Thee with hir treasure Pallas did indow. 

Let this suffice for all, thou mayst be bolde, 

So young a head neare wrote a verse so olde. 

Cum tonat ocyus ilex 
Sulphure discuitur sacro quam tuque domusque. 



69 



LOUES LEPROSIE. 



Troy lost liir souldier. Priam lost a sonne, 

Troje's hopes were past, and Priam's triumphesdonne. 

The Phrygian dames, those sad lUyades, 

Earth spherifjing lyghtes, heauen's Pleiades, 

Do fret the pauement of his brasen tombe 

With teares, whose currants from their eylids runne, 

AYith teares in stead of flowers they strew the way, 

Such sollemne rites beseeme so blacke a day ; 

With teares they wash his woundes, and then againe. 

Lament with teai*es their brother Hector slaine. 

Euen at these exequies amongst the rest, 

Was Peleus issue an vnwelcome guest. 

He noates their sorrow, and each seuerall passion, 

Affrighting Nemesis w^th inuocation 

Polyseena sendes foorth from trembling brest. 

Yee Gods in whom Troy holdes her interest 

Be iust vpon Achilles for this deede, 

Who first begii't me with a mourning weede : 

At this incenst, to heare such imprecation, 

As to^his owne soule had so neare relation, 

His blood grows proud, and makes his brow the land 

AVhich he tryfallowes like caractered sand. 



70 LOUES LEPROSIE. 

Thus he replyes in hmguage mixt with gall, 

That but for honour of the capitall, 

And of that truce whereto they were coniured, 

By Hector's blood, which had the earth manured. 

And all the soules which by vntimely fate 

His sword had sent to hell before their date ; 

That tongue from whom such ranckor had his course, 

Should begge for life and yet finde no remorce ; 

But sacrificious at her brother's shrine, 

Besprinkling it with blood, her soule refine. 

These wordes he vsed, and vsing them came neare, 

So nigh that faire Polyxene did appeare : 

Our Mermaidonian captaine all amazed. 

Stone still he standes, and standing still he gazed : 

His eyes were dimde, the obiect was so bright, 

Such is the force of beautie, such her might ; 

His heart an anuill to a tragicke theame, 

Wliere death began to forge a stratageme, 

Will not endure while furie strikes a heate, 

But at the first allarums sounds retreate. 

His handes extended like that furious knight, 

Who thought the Grecian fleet might proue his right, 

Or as him selfe, when as his second selfe, 

Breathed foorth his soule, diuorst from life and death. 

Euen now, as then for his Patroclus sake, 

Now did I say, euen now I mistake : 

O now they plead as oracles of grace. 

They menace none, for loue hath changed the case ; 

A change to see his knee to offer duetie, 

The foote whereof spurnes at all changing beautie. 



J 



LOUES LEPROSIE. 71 

Achilles loues Polyxene : What is shee ? 

The Ijuing daughter of his enemie. 

How shall he woe her, that hath wed another ? 

How shall he winne her, that hath slaiue her brother ? 

His trophees and his triumphes she doth hate ; 

In Hector's death his vallor lined too late ; 

Line blest in this, that thou art Orpheus brother : 

Hee none of thine, nor Thetis is his mother. 

Hee in Castalian, therein didst thou bath, 

And thou in Stygian, so he neuer hath : 

Minion to Mars, and champion to the Nine : 

O that our age could elbow that of thine. 

But widow shee hath lost Achilles mate, 
Sydney whose breathing fame admits no date. 
O but for him I neuer should abyde. 

But tell the Achademicks lowde he lyde, 

"WTio mid those holsome hearbes which he did cherish 

Suffered Metemsacosin so to floinsh. 

In him Achilles wandring soule did rest, 

Who like an eagle could not buyld her nest, 

Till she had found him out ; but full of paine, 

Seekes her Echytes els-where all in vaine. 

With finding him, my muse hath lost her selfe. 

Come backe ; for natures banqueroiit of her wealth, 

The phoenix burnes, would teares might quench the 

flame ; 
Andromache calls on dead Hectors name; 
Though he be dead, his honors euer Hue, 
My infant penne shall him his tribute giue ; 
And when this cygnet hath a whiter hew, 
Shee vowes to swimme or sinke in open view : 



72 LOUES LEPROSIE. 

Achilles wooes her loue, is full of Avoe, 

Polyxen yeeldes, but Hecuba sayes noe. 

Alas that loue the Sonne, and loue the mother, 

By opposition should aduerse each other ; 

Shee doth accuse him as degenerate, 

Whose birth a goddesse did contaminate : 

Hee sweares shee is vnkinde of woman kinde, 

Predominance stuffes her ambitious minde. 

Both striue to soueraignize, both emulate, 

Such ciuill warre the weale doth dissipate. 

O I should deeme them, but for their descents, 

Two of the foure substantial! elements: 

Those two I meane, whose contrarietie, 

Seekes to expell by their aduersitie. 

Hence is't Polyxen loues and loathes together. 

Much like the vaine that's guyded by the weather 

This is the influence of loue the mother, 

And loue the sonne, efficient of the other. 

Once more, and reprehende not for digression, 

A womans minde is fit for each impression : 

Hippocrates electuarie wyse 

Attributes it to weaknesse in their eyes ; 

Induce mee to subscribe he ueuer can, 

For euery female will outface a man, 

And sinke him in the center of her eye, 

Drenlcht with the sourses of immodestye. 

Olde Hecuba, well learned in their sex, 

Instructes her daughter in this diuelish text ; 

Hate occupie the center of thy hart. 

Varnish with loue the superficiall part, 



LOUES LEPROSIE, 7 

That when Achilles hopes to croppe a flower, 

The hidden snake may haue him in her power. 

The dryft is this, Achilles being slayne. 

The Graecian trophees will decline and wayne : 

Loue him as rangers vse to loue their deare. 

That being fat, they fall at time of yeere. 

The Lecturis was diligent to reed. 

The pupill as attentiue giues good heed : 

The Graecian at the first encounter faylde, 

Albeit, his second orasons preuaylde. 

Maydes at the first, feare to be counted light, 

And therefore vse their noe but as a slight : 

Yet yf she loue, preuenting nay at thrice. 

For feare shee loose her pray, cryes yea at twice. 

Egiptus Sonne whom Danaa takes to wyfe, 

Feeles ere he sees his throate to kisse the knyfe : 

Euen so our louer, fearing no infection, 

Tastes by the tongue, but tryes not by digestion. 

And now he strikes a higher noate in loue, 

Than eai'st when baser stringes did onely moue ; 

Am I loues thrall, (quoth he) and must I yeelde 

To her the honors which I wonne in feelde ? 

Loe Cytherea, at thy sacred shryne 

My conquestes I do willingly resigne ; 

Where loue's the goale, and beautie giueth ayme, 

He proue an archer, though I loose the gayme. 

Some of ray shaftes are spent, nor will I spare. 

But other shaftes shell proforate the ayre : 

When all are gone heauens archar shall supplie, 

By him lie calculate loues destenie, 



74 LOUES LEPROSIE. 

Joynd with the most pi'opitiate of the seauen, 

Dai't foorth ccelestiall influence from heauen. 

For this dayes deede O chide mee not to morrow, 

Tis not of Maurus that I begge or borrow : 

If I do so let Fuseus loose his right, 

And yet tis fai-re to reach vnto the whight. 

His heanie quiuer and my hart of lead, 

Will make the crasie sicke, the sick-men dead. 

The destenies were neuer yet my saintes, 

At fortmies shrine I breath not foorth my plaintes. 

How much I scorne to borrow Maurus' bow, 

Heauens constellations may confirme and show ; 

I will commaund them all ; yf they refuse. 

The pledge of wisdome shall be my excuse. 

If Sagitarius throw me from a farre, 

Foure spheres remote to Phoebus thirling carre. 

And he suppose it be disparagement. 

To giue a heauen wrackt soule some intertaiument. 

Like to a fire I'll sit vpon the maynes 

Of his vnmanaged jades, and burne their raynes : 

Then will I take my goddesse by the hand, 

Whose awfuU scepter guydeth Paphos land. 

How I am wronged shee shall informe her sonne, 

And he shall helpe when all my hopes are done. 

If Cupid fauour not, then will I prooue 

Apostate vnto the god of love. 

Nay more, a cynick like Diogenes, 

Misanthropos and a Misogones ; 

This resolution did proceede from loue, 

In whose thought flying orb his soule did mooue : 



LOUES LEPROSIE. 75 

The day he spendes in studie hoAv to gaine her, 

His studie nothing els but to obtaine her : 

Obseruing this a motiue in theii' kinde, 

High prayses humor best a woman's minde. 

And this raooues him to proue practitioner ; 

Solieite loue pleas Cupid's baiTister. 

Polyxenes poet in his mistres prayse, 

Thus gins to volley foorth his amorous layes. 

Thou wretchles father of a wretched sonne, 

Sire to that dismounted Phaeton : 

Giue raynes vnto those fierie steedes of thine. 

That tread the path of the signiferous lyne. 

Faire sunne that seest each mother's sonne on earth, 

Cynthius by loue, Latoides by thy birth : 

Proude for the one, promoted for the other, 

"Vowde to thy loue, denoted to thy mother. 

Eye of all seeing heauens, earthes lyfe, worldes light, 

Whose presence makes the day, and absence night : 

Performe the reuolution of swift time, 

According to these faire demaundes of mine. 

Poynt at that time, that wished time, and say, 

Loe ! this of many a selected day 

AVherein thy loue yeeldes her consenting voyce. 

Of thee (would God of mee) to make her choyce. 

Knowst thou, eai-th animating lyght, my saint ? 

The fountaine of my griefe, and hai-tes complaint ? 

If not, attende the Avhilst I shall thee show, 

How thou my loue from others loues mayst know. 

O shee is fayier then the lonely boy. 

Who by his death bereft Hyperions ioy. 



76 LOUES LEPROSIE. 

Had this Diana naked in the spring, 

By any forrester bin euer seene, 

He could not haue the power to runne away ; 

But there inchaunted, at the gaze to stay. 

Nor neede she call the Nimphes to reach her hoe, 

The sight had rauisht and bewitcht him soe. 

Her voyce the ground of winged Hermes sweete, 

AVherewith Lucinae's watchman fell a sleepe : 

Her handes, yf Joue perceiue they seeme to craue. 

She need not speake, Joue graunts what she would have. 

The margent is so fayre to gaze vpon, 

That he shall surfet yf he gaze too long. 

Her armes Heavens continent, the way so bright, 

Reflecting Cynthias rayes seemes lacteall whight. 

Once more the more for to decipher her, 

Shees like thy selfe, O none so like faire starre. 

The beautie thy disheuered lockes eontayne. 

Doth in the tramels of her hayre remayne. 

As wee eye thee (all obiectes set apart) 

So shee hath power to draw both eyes and hart. 

If any penne distinguish twixt the Gods 

And fayre Polyxen, I allow him ods : 

Mainteine, there is no difference but this ; 

That they in Heauen, shee on the center is. 

By him her prayses haue eternitie. 

And shee layes naked his mortallitie. 

True loue's a sainct, so shall you true loue know : 

False loue a Schythian, yet a sainct in show. 

When many elegies of loue were done, 

Polyxens hand, but not her hart he wonne : 



LOUES LEPROSIE. / / 

On this condition, that his sword and shield 

ShoukI neuer be aduanst in Teucrian field ; 

And enery Mermaidon whom he controlde, 

The same with him inuiolate to holde. 

By this the dayes of truce did take an ende, 

And heere begins the practize they intende. 

A second leader to the forebred fight 

Was instigated, Troilus behight : 

He knowes Achilles sleepes within his tent, 

His loynes vngirded, and his bow^e vnbent. 

He there, the Troian gallant playes his prankes, 

Passes confronted pykes and breakes their rankes. 

The Graecians flye, their captaynes being slayne, 

Our younger sonne to Mars pursues amayne : 

Makes pauement of their trunkes, and where he rides, 

The hollow hoofe checkquered in blood abides, 

Leauing the print behinde, as who should say. 

Be witnesse that the Troian rode this way : 

Achilles doth beholde by loue restraynde, 

He feares to be orebolde, but restes contaynde, 

With execration that he did consent, 

By solemne oath vnto this darke intent ; 

Their instrumentes of warre keepe times accord. 

The Spartan king, before Antenors sword 

Flyes, in such danger of recouerie. 

He wisht nighte's mantell were his sanctuarie. 

His foe growes insolent, made proude with pray. 

And conquest must her vtmost duetie pay. 

Achilles is not tyde vnto the mast, 

The Acheloydes singe, and he in hast 



78 LOUES I.EPROSIE. 

Leapes from his cabbin. O 'twere treble wrong 
That he impatient should abstayne so long ; 
Well mounted and well met they ioyne togeather 
Like flowdes whose rushing cause tempestuous 

weather : 
And now their clattering shildes resemble thunder; 
The fire a lightning when the cloudes do sunder: 
Long did it thunder ere the heauens were bright, 
So long that when it cleered the day was night : 
A night perpetuall vnto Priams sonne ; 
His horse was slaine, the day was lost and won, 
And heere each one might heare windes whispering 

sound, 
When earst the drums their senses did confound ; 
Troilus dethes chiefe conquest from the fielde, 
Wrapt in their colours, couered with his shielde, 
They carry him to make the number more, 
Whose bleeding sydes Achilles speare did gore. 
had he not bin ouer insolent, 
Achilles speare had rested in his tent : 
But xiis prouoking pride did seeme to braue 
The brauest souldier in the ayre concaue. 
This is the onely price that vallour yeeldes, 
Thy soule shall finde his rest in Martiall fieldes. 
The second league for dayes they doe proclaime, 
And now Achilles visites his faire dame. 
Ill fare that outward faire that's inward foule, 
An angels face wed to Proserpine's soule : 
If diuels in dietie thus masked bin. 
The man thats so bewitcht doth no Avhit sin. 



LOUES LEPROSIE. 79 

Thus pleacles the subiect of my weeping muse, 

For his fond loues alleadging this excuse. 

If hee complayne on Loue, shee heares his plaintes 

"With delinition. and because he faintes 

Shee doth reuiue him, brooking no delay, 

With assignation of a wedding day. 

Foorthwith a marriage twixt them was concluded : 

Alas, that true loue should be so deluded. 

The sunne is rose, sees Thetis sonne to fail 

Vnder this false pretended nuptiall. 

The Delphick oracle is now fulfilde, 

Eare Troy be wonne, Achilles must be kilde. 

This is the day wherein they surfet all. 

With blood of his who made the Troians thrall ; 

And this the day wherein he did appease 

Vnquiet soules, which earst could find no ease. 

This day was nyght to him, and day to those 

By whom vntimely death did heere repose. 

His liues familliar starre doth shoote and fall, 

The fairest starre the heauens weare gracte withall. 

Euen when his steppes salute the temple porch • 

With hymmes, and Hymeenus burning torch, 

A shaft from Paris hand did soone disclose 

Where Styx had kist him, and how high it rose. 

Where the Stygian flood did neuer reach, 

Deathes winged messenger did make a breach : 

WTience from each veine the sacred breath descending, 

Polyxens ioyes began, and his had ending. 

FINIS. 



80 



EL.EGIA. 

Of all the Gods aboue 
I did honoiu' loue, 

Loue his dietie ; 
Nothing might me mooue, 
For I did approue 
Loue his pietie. 

I did loue, 

He did proue 
Nothing myght mj loue remoue. 

He did proue 

I did loue, 
Witnesse this the Gods aboue. 

He did not respect mee. 
But he did reiect mee 

In his royaltie ; 
He did not affect mee, 
But he did suspect mee 
Of disloyaltie : 

No respect 

Did reiect 
Mee in this his royaltie ; 

No affect 

Did suspect 
Mee for no disloyaltie. 



I 

il 



ELECTA, SI 

I the tielde did leaue, 
And mine armes bequeath 

To the loue queene. 
To my brow did cleaue 
V^enus myrtill wreath ; 
There was loue seene. 

I did leaue 

And bequeath, 
Myne armour for a myrtill wreath ; 

Myrtle wreathe 

Purchast leaue, 
To my temples fast to cleaue. 

The boy that was so l)linde, 
Showed himselfe vnkinde 

To mine amours : 

Playning to the windo, 

I no ease coulde findc 

To ray clamours. 

He was blinde 

And vnkynde, 
So vnconstant was his mindc, 

As the winde. 

So vnkinde, 
Ease for loue I could not finde. 

Now I doe repent mee, 
Now I do lament mee, 
But alas ! too late. 



82 EL^GIA. 

Gentle hart relent thee, 
Though thou must content thee 
With thy froward fate. 

Hart content thee, 

Hart relent thee, 
Since Polyxen was vntrue, 

I lament mee, 

And repent mee ; 
Loue and women both adew. 

Tam Veneri quam Marti, mortuus Achilles. 



THK ENP. 



RKIIAUDS, PBJ.\TI:K, i,T. MAKllN S LANE. 



COCK LORELL'S BOTE: 



^ Satirical ^pocm. 



AN TNigUE COPY PniNTFD BV WVNKYN DE WOHDE 



EDITED BV 



EDWARD F. RIMBAULT, ESQ. F.S.A. 



LONDON : 
PRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY. 



.M.DCCC.XLIII. 



J 



COUNCIL 

OF 

President. 
The Kt. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S., Tueas. S A. 

WILLIAM HENRY BLACK, Esq. 

J A. CAHUSAC, Esq. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL, Esq. F.S.A., 2Vta.surfr. 

J. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.l.A. 

PETER CUNNINGHAM, Esq. 

REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 

WILLIAM JERDAN, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.S.L. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R S., F.S.A. 

E. F. RIMBAULT, Esq. F.S.A Secretary. 

WILLIAM J. THOMS, Esq. F.S.A. 

JAMES W^ALSH, Esq F.S.A. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S A. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The following curious satirical poem is reprinted 
from an unique copy in black-letter, but unfor- 
tunately imperfect at the beginning, in the Garrick 
Collection, British Museum. 

It was printed by WyaJci/n de Worde without 
date, but in all probability soon after the acces- 
sion of Henry the Eighth, and presents a curious 
and graphic picture of the habits and morals of 
the lower classes of society in the latter part of 
the reign of the preceding monarch. 

The idea of summoning together persons of all 
trades and callings to join the " Bote'''' under the 
guidance of Cock Lorell, was probably suggested 
by Sebastian Brandt's " Shyp of Folys," which 
was then becoming popular in England, having 
been translated by Alexander Barclay, and printed 
by Richard Pynson, at the beginning of the six- 
teenth century. 

In selecting the hero of his tale, the author 
has chosen a well-known character living at the 



VI 

time of its publication, and whoso name alone 
was sufficient to insure its success. Cock Lorell 
appears to have been a notorious vagabond, and 
the head of a gang of thieves which infested 
London and its vicinity during the period above 
alluded to. In Samuel Rowlands"' " Martin 
Mark-all, Beadle of Bridewell, his Defence and 
Answere to the Belman of London," 4to. 1610, 
he is enumerated second in a list of rogues by 
profession, and is thus described : — " After him, 
succeeded by general councell, one Cocke Lorrell, 
the most notorious knave that ever lived : by 
trade he was a tinker, often carrying a panne and 
a hammer for show : but when he came to a good 
booty, he would cast his profession in a ditch, and 
play the padder, and then would alway, and as 
hee past through the towne, crie ' Ha you any 
worke for a tinker T To write of his knaveries 
it would aske a long time : I referre you to the 
old manuscript remayning on record in Maunders"* 
Hall. This was he that reduced and brought in 
forme the Catalogue of Vagabonds, or Quarterne 
of Knaves, called the five and twentie Orders of 
Knaves : but because it is extant, and in every 
mans shop, I passe them over. * * * This Cocke 
Lorrell continued among them longer than any of 
his predecessours before him, or after him, for he 
ruled almost two and twentie yoarcs, until the 



vn 

yearo An. Dom. loSS, and about the five and 
twenty yeare of K. Henry the Eight." 

Rowlands, in naming our hero as the compiler 
of " the Catalogue of Vagabondes," alludes to a 
tract printed, (and probably written), by John 
Awdely in 1565 and again in 1575. The title as 
it appears in the second edition, preserved in the 
Bodleian Library, is so curious that we quote it 
entire : " The Fraternitye of Vacabondes; as wel 
of ruflyng Vacabondes, as of beggerly, of Women 
as of Men, of Gyrles as of Boyes, with their 
proper names and qualities. With a description 
of the crafty company of Cousoners and Shifters. 
Whereunto also is adioyned the xxv Orders of 
Knaues, otherwyse called a Quartern of Knaues 
Confirmed for euer by Cocke Lorell. 

The Vprightman speaketh. 

" Our Brotherhood of Vacabondes, 

If you would know where dwell ; 
In graues end Barge which seldome standcs, 

The talke wyll shew ryght well." 

Cocke Lorell aunswereth. 

Some orders of my Knaues also 

In that Barge shall ye fynde ; 
For no where shall ye walke I trow , 

But ye shall see their kynde." 

Imprinted at London hy John Awdely^ dweUynge 
in little Britayne Sireete withoute Aldersgate^ 1575. 



Vlll 

A particular description of this tract, by the 
Rev. Dr. Bhss, may be seen in Sir Egerton 
Brydges' "British Bibliographer," vol. ii. p. 12, 
and a further notice in the Appendix to the 
Doctor's excellent edition of Bishop Earle's " Mi- 
crocosmography," 8vo. 1811. It was reprinted in 
1813 by Mr. Machell Stace. 

Cock Lorell is again mentioned in a satirical 
poem in black letter, without date or printer's 
name, in the Bodleian Library, called ''• Doctour 
Double Ale." 

" I hold you a giota 
Ye wyll rede by rota, 
That ye wete a cota, 
In cocke loreh bnta." 

The Rev. Mr. Hartshorne (Ancient Metrical 
Tales^ p. 243), not being aware perhaps of the 
allusion, misprinted it cocke losels hota. 

Mr. Collier, who pointed out the above mistake, 
says " the only other mention of Cock Loreh Bote^ 
that I remember, is in John Hey wood's " Epigrams 
upon three hundred proverbs," 1566. 

" A BUSY BODY. 

He will have an ore in every man's barge. 
Even in cw'ke. lords barc/e, he berth that charge." 

The name of this distinguished rogue appears 
to have been well known at a much later period. 



Ben Jonson, in his masque of the " Gypsies Meta- 
morphosed," introduces a song beginning, 

" Cock Loirel would need have the devil his guest, 
And bid him once into the Peak to dinner, 
Where never the fiend had such a feast 
Provided him yet at the charge of a sinner.'' 

This merry ballad enjoyed considerable popu- 
larity, and broadside copies are preserved in the 
Pepysian and Ashmolean Collections. It was 
afterwards included in the " Antidote against 
Melancholy," 1661, and in the later editions of the 
same work, entitled " Wit and Mirth, or Pills to 
Purge Melancholy." 

The attention of the public was first drawn to 
the following tract by the Rev. William Beloe, in 
his " Anecdotes of Literature and Scarce Works," 
1807, (vol, i. p. 393), but by some strange over- 
sight the reverend author misprinted the title 
" Cocke Lorells Vote^ instead of his " Bote.'''' 

Dr. Dibdin, in his new edition of Ames' " Typo- 
graphical Antiquities" (vol, ii. p. 352), describes 
this little work, but appears never to have seen it 
himself. The learned Doctor is still further in 
the wrong than the Rev. ISIr. Beloe, when he 
talks " of the licentious aud predatory character 
of its author'''' one " Cock Lorell," whose " popu- 
larity has, I believe, escaped the notice of our 
chroniclers. " 

h 



Who the author really was will probably never 
be ascertained, but that he was a man of consider- 
able talent there can be no question, and we are 
not acquainted with any publication of the time, 
that displays more spirit and humour, and better 
merits reprinting, than " Cock LorelFs Bote." 

A limited impression of thirty-five copies of the 
"Bote" was printed in 1817, under the super- 
intendance of the late Rev. Henry Drury, for the 
members of the Roxburgh Club ; and an impression 
of forty copies was printed in 1841, for Messrs. 
Stanley and Blake, Booksellers of Edinburgh. 
The latter edition is disfigured by great inaccu- 
racies, and it was thought that a reprint, carefully 
collated with the original, would not be unac- 
ceptable to the Members of the Percy Society.* 

We may mention that the original is adorned 
with " wooden-cuts" borrowed from the " Shyp of 
Folys," but as they are not particularly applicable 
to the " Bote," we have not thought it necessary 
to have them re-engraved for the present edition. 

* Amongst the inaccuracies with which the Edinbuvgh 
reprint abounds, we may point out the following : " icydc 
drawers" for " wire di'awers ;" " matte men" for " make men : 
" lynne casters" for " tynne casters ;" " knewe it there" for 
" gnew (i. e. gnawed) it there ;'' " dronken kope" for " dronken 
koke" (i. e. cook), &c. 



I 



Corfee 3Lor(IIesi ^ote. 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 



She had a desyre ofte to be wedde, 

And also to lye in an other mannes bedde, 

Lytell rought she therfore ; 

She is as softe as a lamme yf one do her meue, 

And lyke to y® deuyll wan a ma dothe her greue, 

So well is she sette ; 

good condycyon to her housbonde, 

Yf he call her calat, she calleth hy knaue agayne, 

She shyll not dye in his dette. 

By Saynt .Tone, sayd Cocke than, 

These be fayre vertues in a woman, 

Thou shake be my launder 

To wasshe and kepe clene all my gere, 

Our two beddes togyder shall be sette 

Without ony lette. 

The nexte that came was a coryar 

And a cobeler, his brother. 

As ryche as a newe shorne shepe ; 

They ofFred Cocke a blechynge pot, 

Other Jewelles they had not, 



2 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

Scant shoes to tlieyr fete. 

The coryei' dresseth so well his lether 

That it wokle diynke water in fayre weder, 

Therfore he hath many a crystes curse: 

And tho cobeler for liis cloutynge 

The people blesseth hym with euyll cheuynge, 

To knytte faste in his purse. 

A shomaker came to these other two, 

Bytwene them two was moche a do 

For a pyese of lether, 

They togged with theyi* teth, and gnewe it there, 

And pulde as it had been grehondes at a hare ; 

It was a shepes skyne of a wether, 

And than they tanned it whan they had done 

To make lether to hym with mennes shone. 

And all for theyr auayle ; 

For as sone as the hemme is tore 

The sho is lost for euer moi'e, 

And it is lytell meruayle. 

A tanner for euyll tannyng of leder. 

They foure with sorowe Cocke dyde set togyder. 

And neuer a good without fayle. 

Than came one w' two bolddogges at his tayle, 

And that was a bocher without fayle, 

All be gored in reed blode ; 

In his hande he bare a flap for flyes. 

His hosen gresy vpon his thyes. 

That place for magottes was very good ; 

On his necke he bare a cole tre logge, 

He liad as moche pyte as a dogge. 



COCKE I.ORELLES BOTE. 

And he were ones wrothe: 

He loked perysshe, and also rowe, 

A man wolde take hym for a shrewe I trowe, 

And of his company be lothe. 

Than came a gonge fermourer, 

Other wyse called a masser scourer ; 

With hym a canyell raker — 

Theyr presence made Cocke and his me to spewe, 

For as swete was theyr brethe as henka or rewe, 

To wasshe them they laked water; 

On these Irysshe copel I wyll not tare, 

Cocke dyde set the there as knaues sholde be, 

Amonge the slouenly sorte. 

Than came two false towlers in nexte, 

He set them by pykers of the best, 

For there sholde they abyde; 

But before y'' they were plonged in the ryucr, 

To searche theyr bodyes fayre and clere, 

Therof they had good sporte. ' 

A myller dusty|5oll than dyde come, 

A loly felowe with a golden thome. 

On his necke a sacke was. 

Many sayd that he with reprefe 

Of all craftes was nexte a thefe ; 

In that Cocke founde no lacke. 

He sayd that he touled twys for forge tynge, 

And stele floure and put chauke therin, 

Be sherewe hym that taught hym that ; 

Cocke bad hym grynde cherystones and peson, 

To make his men bi-ede for a season, 

B 2 



4 COCKE LORELLES BOTE, 

By cause whete was very dere. 

Than came a pardoner with his boke, 

His quaterage of euery man he toke, 

But Cocke wolde theyr names here ; 

The pardoner sayd, I will rede my roll, 

And ye shall here the names poll by poll, 

There of ye nede not fere. 

Here is fyrst, Cocke Lorell the knyght. 

And symkyn emery, mayntenauce agayne ryght ; 

With slyngethryfte fleshemonger : 

Also fabyane flaterer, 

And fesly claterer, 

With adam auerus flayle swenger ; 

And frauces flaperoche, of stewys captayne late, 

With gylys vnyeste mayer of newgate, 

And lewes vnlusty the lesynge monger ; 

Here also baude baudyn boiler, 

And his brother copyn coler, 

With mathew marchaunte of shoters hyll ; 

Crystofer catchepoll a crystes course gaderer. 

And wat welbelyne of ludgate layler, 

With laurence lorell of clerken well. 

Here is gylys logeler of ayebery. 

And hym sougelder of lothe bery, 

With wallys the wrangler ; 

Pers potter of brydge water, 

Saunder fely the mustarde maker, 

With lelyan langeler. 

Here is lenkyne berwarde of Barwycke, 

And tom tombler of warwyke, 



COCKK LORELLES BOTE, 5 

"With Phyllyp fletcher of fernam ; 

Here is wyll wyly the rayl peker, 

And patrycke peuysshe heerbeter, 

With histy hary iiange man. 

Also mathewe tothe drawer of London, 

And sybly sole niylke wyte of Islyngton, 

With davy drawelache of rokynjrame ; 

Here is maryone marchauntes at all gate, 

Her husbode dwelleth at y® sygne of y« cokeldes pate, 

Nextc house to Robyn renawaye ; 

Also hycke crokenec the rope maker, 

And steuen mesyll mouthe muskyll taker, 

With lacke basket seler of alwelay. 

Here is george of podynge lane, carpentei', 

And patrycke peuysshe a conynge dyrte dauber, 

Worshypfull wardayn of slouens In ; 

There is maryn peke small fremason, 

And pers peuterer that knocketh a basyn, 

With gogle eyed tomson shepster of lyn. _ 

Here is glyed wolby of gylforde squyere, 

Andrewe of habyngedon apell byer. 

With alys esy a gay tale teller ; 

Also peter paten maker. 

With gregory loue good of rayston mayer, 

And hary halter seler at tyborn the ayer. 

Here is kate with the croked fote, 

That is colsys doughter the dronken koke, 

A lusty pye baker; 

Here is saunder sadeler of froge strete corner, 

With lelyan loly at sygne of the bokeler, 

And mores moulc taker ; 



6 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

Also annys angry with the croked buttocke, 

That dwelled at y^ sygne of y* dogges liede in ye pot, 

By her crafte a breche maker. 

Cocke sayd, pardoner now ho and sease, 

Thou makeste me wery, holde thy pease, 

A thynge tell thou to me ; 

"What profyte is to take thy pardon, 

Shewe vs what mede is to come 

To be in this fraternyte ? 

Syr this pardon is newe founde 

By syde London brydge in a holy grounde, 

Late called the stewes banke. 

Ye knowe well all, that there was 

Some relygyous women in that place 

To whome men offred many a franke. 

And bycause they were so kynde and lyberall, 

A merueylous auenture there is be fall ; 

Tf ye lyst to here how. 

There came suche a winde fro wynchester 

That blewe these women ouer the ryuer, 

In wherye, as I wyll you tell. 

Some at saynt Kateryns stroke a grounde, 

And many in holborne were founde ; 

Some at saynt Gyles, I trowe. 

Also in aue maria aly, and at westmenster, 

And some in shordyche drewe theder 

With grete lamentacyon. 

And by cause they haue lost that fayre place, 

Ihey wyll bylde at colman hedge in space 

A nother noble mansyon, 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

Fayror and euer the halfc strete was, 

For euery house newe paued is with gras: 

Shall be full of fayi'e floures, 

The walles shallbe of hauthorue, I wote well, 

And hanged w* whyte motly y' swete doth smell, 

Grene shall be the coloures. 

And as for this olde place, these wenches holy 

They wyll not haue it called the stewys for foly, 

But maketh it a strabery banke ; 

And there is yet a chapell saue 

Of whiche ye all the pardon hauc, 

The saynt is of symme trollanke. 

I wyll reherse here in generall 

The indidgences that ye haue shall, 

Is these that foloweth, with more : 

At the oure of deth whan ye haue itt'de. 

Ye shall be assoyled of euery good dede. 

That you haue done before ; 

And ye shall be parte taker of as many good dedde 

As is done euery nyght a bedde ; 

And also ferthermore. 

At euery tauerne in the yere, 

A solempne dyryge is songe there. 

With a grete diynkynge ; 

At all ale houses trewely, 

Ye shall be prayed for hertely 

With a loyefuU wepynge. 

And the pope darlaye hath graiited in his byll. 

That euery brother may do what he wyll, 

Whyle that they be wakynge ; 



8 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

And the pardone gyueth you that hath the pose, 

On your owne sleue to wype your nose, 

Without rebuke takynge. 

Also pope nycoll graunteth you all in this texte, 

The coughe and the colyke, the gout and the flyxe. 

With the holsome tothe ache. 

Also it is graunted by our bulles of lede, 

That whan ony brother is dede 

To the chyrche dogges shall cary hym ; 

A ryche pal to ly on y® corse late fro rome is come, 

Made of an olde payre of blewe medly popley hosone. 

For y^ worshyppe of all y'' bretherne 

Theyr knylles shall be roge in y*^ myddes of tese. 

And theyr masse songe at shoters hill amonge the elmes, 

With grete deuocyon in dede : 

And many thynges elles shall be done, 

The resydewe I wyll reherse soone. 

For drynke fyrst must I nede. 

Than Cocke cast a syde his liede, 

And sawe the stretes aU ouer sprede 

That to his bote wolde come, 

Of all craftes there were one or other, 

1 wyU shewe how many or I passe ferther 

And reken them one by one. 

The fyrst was golde smythes, and grote clyppers, 

Multyplyers, and clothe thyckers, 

Called fullers euerychone ; 

There is taylers, tauerners, and drapers, 

Potycaryes, ale brewers, and bakers, 

Mercers, fletchers, and sporyers. 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

JBoke prynters, peynters, bowers, 
Myllers, carters, and botyll makers ; 
Waxecliaundelers, clothers, and grocers, 
WoUe men, vynteners, and flessheniongers, 
Salters, lowelers, and habardashers, 
Drouers, cokes, and pulters ; 
Yermongers, pybakers, and waferers, 
Fruyters, chese mongers, and niynstrelles. 
Talowe chauudelers, hostelers, and glouers ; 
Owchers, skynners, and cutlers ; 
Blade smythes, fosters, and sadelers ; 
Coryers, cordwayners, and cobelers ; 
Gyrdelers, forborers, and webbers ; 
Quylte makers, shermen, and armorers. 
Borlers, tapstry workemakers, and dyers ; 
Brouderers, strayners, and carpyte makers ; 
Sponers, torners, and hatters ; 
Lyne webbers, setters, with lyne di'apers. 
Roke makers, coper smythes, and lorymers ; 
Brydel bytters, blacke smythes, and ferrars ; 
Bokell smythes, horse leches, and gold beters ; 
Fyners, plommers, and penters. 
Bedmakers, fedbed makers, and wyre drawers ; 
Founders, laten workers, and broche makers ; 
Pauyers, bell makers, and brasyers ; 
Pynners, nedelers, and glasyers. 
Bokeler makers, dyers, and lether sellers ; 
Whyte tanners, galyors, and shethers ; 
Masones, male makers, and merbelers ; 
Tylers, brycke leyers, harde hewers ; 



10 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

Parys plasterers, daubers, and lyme borners. 

Carpenters, coupers, and ioynei's ; 

Pype makers, wode mogers, and orgyn makers ; 

Coferers, carde makers, and earners ; 

Shyppe wryglites, whele wryghtes, and sowers. 

Harpe makers, leches, and vpholsters ; 

Porters, fesycyens, and corsers ; 

Parchemente makers, skynners, and plowers. 

Barbers, boke bynders, and lymners. 

Repers, faners and horners, 

Pouche makers, belowfarmes, and cage sellers ; 

Lanterners, stryngers, grynders, 

Arowe lieders, maltemen, and corne mongers. 

Balancers, tynne casters, and skryueners ; 

Stacyoners, vestyment swoers, and ymagers ; 

Sylke women, pursers, and garnyssliers ; 

Table makers, sylke dyers, and shepsters ; 

Golde sheres, keuerchef, launds, and rebe makers. 

Tankarde berers, bouge men, and spere planers ; 

Spynsters, carders, and cappe knytters; 

Sargeauntes, katche pollys, and somners, 

Carryers, carters, and horskepers ; 

Courte holders, bayles, and honters ; 

Constables, hede borowes, and katers. 

Butlers, sterchers, and musterde makers ; 

Harde waremen, mole sekers, and ratte takers ; 

Bewardes, brycke borners, and canel rakers ; 

Potters, brome sellers, pedelers, 

Shepherdes, cowe herdes, and swyne kepers. 

Broche makers, glas blowers, cadelstycke casts, 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 11 

Hedgers, dykers, and mowers ; 

Gonners, maryners, and shypmaysters. 

Chymney swepers, and costerde mongei's, 

Lode men, and bere brewers ; 

Fysshers of the see, and muskel takers ; 

Scliouyll chepers, gardeners, and rake fetters ; 

Players, purse cutters, money baterers, 

Golde washers, tomblers, logelers. 

Pardoners, kyges beche gatherers, and lether dyers. 

There were theues, hores, and baudes; w' mortherers, 

Crakers, facers, and chylderne quellers ; 

Spyes, lyers, and grete sclaunderers ; 

Cursers, chyders, and grete vengeaunce cryers. 

Dyssymulynge beggers, hede brekers, borders, 

Nette makers, and harlote takers ; 

Swerers, and outragyous laughers, 

Surmowsers, yll thynkers, and make brasers ; 

With lollers, lordaynes, and fagot berers. 

Luskes, slouens, and kechen knaues ; 

Bargemen, whery rowers, and dysers ; 

Tyburne collopes, and peny pryckers ; 

Bowlers, mas shoters, and quayters ; 

Flaterers, and two face berers. 

Sluttes, drabbes, and counseyll whystelers ; 

With smoggy colyers, and stykyge goge fermers ; 

Of euery craft some there was, 

Shorte or longe, more or lasse. 

All these rehersed here before 

In Cockes bote eche man had an ore, 



12 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

All tho that offyces had, 

Some woude at j'^ capstayne, as Cocke the bad ; 

Some stode at y® slyge, some dyde trusse and thryge; 

Some pulde at the beryll, some sprede y^mayne myssyll; 

Some howysed the mayne sayle, 

Some veryed showte a very slayle; 

Some roped y^ hoke, some y*^ pope, and some y® lauce. 

Some y'^ loge bote dydc lance, some mede y® corse, 

Mayne corfe toke in a refe byforce : 

And they that were abyll drewe at the cabyll. 

Some the anker layde, some at the plope a sayll swepe, 

One kepte y® compas and watched y* our glasse, 

Some y* lodysshestoe dyd seke, some y"^ bote dyd ; 

Some made knottes of lynkes endes, 

Some the stay rope suerly byndes, 

Some a satte borte a stare borde ; 

Some the standerdes out dyde brynge, 

Some one the shrowedes dyde clyme. 

Some couched a hogges heed vnder a hatche. 

Some threwe out bayte, fysshe to catche. 

Some pulled vp the bonauenture, 

Some to howes the tope sayle dyde entre, 

Some stered at the helme behynde, 

Some whysteled after the wynde ; 

There was non that there was 

But he had an offyce more or lassc. 

Than Cocke Lorell dyde his whystele blowe 

That all his men sholde hym knowe, 

With that they cryed, and made a shoute, 

That the water shoke all abonte : 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. lo 

Than lat'ii inyglit here the ores chisshe, 

And on the water gaue many a dasshe, 

They sprede theyr sayles as voyde of sorowe, 

Forthe they rowed iSaint George to borowe ; 

For loye their trupettes dyde they blowe, 

And some songe heue and howe rombelowe. 

They sayled fro gai-lyke hede to knaues in, 

And a pele of gonnes gan they rynge ; 

Of colman hedge a sight they had, 

That made his company very glad, 

For there they thouglit all to play 

Bytwene tyborne and chelsay. 

With this man was a lusty company, 

For all raskyllers fro them they dyde trye, 

They banysshed prayer, peas, and sadnes ; 

And toke with them myrthe, sporte, and gladnes ; 

They wolde not haue vertu, ne yet deuocyon ; 

But ryottc, and reuell, with ioly rebellyon. 

They songe and daunsed full merely, 

With swerynge, and starynge heuen hye. 

Some said y'^ they were getle me of grete myght, 

That ther purses were so lyght ; 

And some wente in fured gownes, and gay shone, 

That had no mo faces than had the mone. 

Of this daye gladde was many a brothell. 

That myght haue an ore Avith Cocke Lorell ; 

Thus they daunsed with all theyr myght 

Tyll that phebus had lost liis lyght, 

But than came lucyna with all her pale hewe. 

To take her sporte amonge the cloudes blewe ; 



14 COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 

And marcury he trewe downe his golde hemes, 

And sperus her syluer stremes, 

That in the worlde gaue so grete Ijght 

As all the erth had he paued with whyte. 

Tha Cocke wayed anker, and housed his sayle. 

And forthe he rowed without fayle ; 

They sayled England thorowe and thorowe, 

Vyllage, towne, cyte, and horowe ; 

They hlessyd theyr shyppe whan they had done, 

And dranke ahout saynt lulyans torne ; 

Than euery man pulled at his ore, 

With that I coulde se them no more. 

But as they rowed vp the hyll, 

The bote swayne blewe his whysteU full shryll ; 

And I wente homwarde to mowe shame stere, 

"With a company dyde I mete, 

As ermytes, monkes and freres, 

Chanons, chartores, and inholders ; 

And many whyte nonnes with whyte vayles, 

That was full wanton of theyr tayles. 

To mete with Cocke they asked how to do, 

And I tolde them he was a go ; 

Than were they sad euerychone. 

And went agayne to theyr home ; 

But my counseyU I gaue them there. 

To mete with Cocke another yere. 

No more of Cocke now I wryte, 

But mery it is whan knaues done mete, 

Cocke had in his hande a grete route, 

The thyrde persone of Englande. 



COCKE LORELLES BOTE. 15 

Thus of Cocke Lorell I make an ende, 
And to heuen god your soules sende, 
That redeth tliis boko ouei' all 
Chiyst couer you with his mantell perpetuall. 



Here endeth Cocke Lorellcs bote. Imprynted at London in 

the Flete strete at the sjgne of the sonne 

by Wynkyn de Worde. 



I 



THE 



CROWN GARLAND 



GOLDEN ROSES 



CONSISTINIi (IF 



JSallatJs antJ ^ongsi. 



RICHARD JOHNSON, 



AUTHOR OF " THE SKVF.N rllAMPIONS OF CHUISTEVDOM. 



FROM THE EUITIOX OF |(i]2. 



EDITED BY W. CHAPPELL, F.S.A. 



LONDON : 
PRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY, 



MDCCCXLII. 



COUNCIL 



Cfte ^eitp ^cinetp* 



President. 
The Et. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S , Treas. S A. 

■WILLIAM HENRY BLACK, Esg. 

J. A. CAHUSAC, Esq. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL, Esq. F.S.A., Treasurer. 

.T. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.I.A. 

PETER CUNNINGHAM, Esq. 

REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 

WILLIAM JERDAN, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.S.L. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R S., F.S.A. 

E. F. RIMBAULT, Esq. F.S.A. Secretary. 

WILLIAM J. THOMS, Esq. F.S.A. 

JAMES WALSH, Esq F.S.A. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S.A. 



INTRODUCTION 



Richard Johnson, the compiler, and in all pro- 
bability the author, of " The Crowne- Garland of 
Goulden Roses," was a ballad and prose-romance 
writer of some note at the end of the sixteenth, 
and beginning of the seventeenth, century. No 
particulars of his life have descended to us, and it 
is only from his works that we are enabled to 
glean a few slight notices of his career. 

It has been conjectured, and with great proba- 
bility, that the ballads in the following collection 
were written at a much earlier period than the 
date of their publication in the form of a " Gar- 
land." We know that Johnson was an author as 
early as the year 1592, when he published a poem 
called " Nine Worthies of London : explaining 
the honourable Exercise of Armes, the Vertues 
of the Valiant, and the memorable Attempts of 
magnanimous Minds," &c. 4to. (reprinted in the 
Harleian Miscel. viii. 437, ed. Park), and it was 
probably about that time he wrote, and printed 
in broadsides, many of the ballads which he after- 
wards collected in the present form. 



VI 

In Kemp's " Nine Daies Wonder," printed in 
1600, there is apparently an allusion to Johnson, 
as " the ballad-maker whom his kinsman Jan- 
sonius brought out," and whom Kemp " humbly 
requests not to fill the country with lyes of his 
never done actes, as he did in his late morrice to 
Norwich." 

" The Famous Historic of the Seven Champions 
of Christendome" is the work by which Johnson 
is best known. Though now " the play-thing of 
children," it was once in high repute. Meres 
mentions it in his " Palladis Tamia, or Wit's 
Treasury," fol. 268, 1598; and Bishop Hall, in 
his Satires, published in 1597, ranks — 

" St. George's sorrell, and his cross of blood" 

among the most popular stories of his time. The 
earliest extant edition of this celebrated romance 
{toliat edition the title-page does not indicate) 
was printed, in two parts, in 1 608, 4to. but the 
Rev. A. Dyce has pointed out two entries of it in 
the Stationers' Books in 1596. The first is to 
John Banter, on the 20th of April, and the second 
to Cuthbert Burby (by assignment from John 
Danter) on the 6th of September. Vide notes 
on Kemp's Nine dales Wonder, p. .35. 

Upon the death of Queen Elizabeth, Johnson 
lamented that " untimely event" in a work bearing 



the title of " Anglorum Lachrympc, in a sad Pas- 
sion, complayning the Death of Qucene Elizabeth ; 
yet comforted againe by the vcrtuous hopes of King 
James."" 

In 1607 he published " The Pleasant Walkes 
of Moore-fields/' 4to., and in 1612 " A Remem- 
brance of the Honors due to the Life and Death 
of Robert (Cecill) Earle of Salisbury." 

Johnson was probably the author of " The 
History of Tom of Lincoln," 4to., by R. J,, who 
likewise reprinted " Don Flores of Greece," 4to. 
His latest work appears to have been " Dainty 
Conceits," printed in the year 1630. Of this we 
know no other copy than that sold in the ^Vhite- 
Knight's Sale. It may be conjectured that Johnson 
.did not long survive this date ; for, if we suppose 
him to have been twenty-five years old in the year 
1592, when we first hear of him as an author, he 
must have attained the age of sixty-thi-ee when 
the " Dainty Conceits" were published. 

The following Garland is reprinted from the 
first known edition, viz. that of 1612, a copy of 
which is deposited in the Bodleian Library. It 
was frequently reprinted, each time receiving 
" new additions." The greater proportion of the 
ballads are historical, and, from very early times 
down to the end of the seventeenth century, the 
common people knew history chiefly from ballads. 



vm 

Aubrey mentions that his nurse could repeat the 
history of England, from the conquest down to 
the time of Charles I, in ballads. 

It would be impossible to give anything like a 
complete list of the editions through which " The 
Crown Garland" passed; but those of 1631 ; of 
1659 and 1662, for W. Gilbert; of 1680, for 
W. W. ; and of 1692, for W. Thackeray (and 
probably others) are still extant. 

It was at first intended to add, in an appendix 
to the present edition, the ballads included in that 
of 1659, but a careful examination has proved 
that the greater part, if not the whole, are to be 
found in other Garlands, which the Percy Society 
proposes at a future time to reprint. Many of 
the added ballads are by Thomas Deloney. 

The contents of the two editions are the same 
as far as page 51 of the present reprint. All after 
that are omitted in the edition of 1659, and the 
following inserted in their place. 

1. A Servant's Sorrow for the Loss of his late royal ]\Iistris 

Queen An., who dyed at Hampton Court. 

The tune is " In sad and ashy weeds." 
First line. — " In dole and deep distress." 

2. The Good Shepheard's sorrow for the death of his beloved 

son. To a new tune. 

First line. — "In sad and ashy weeds." 



IX 

3. Coridon's Comfort. — The second part of the Good Shepheard. 

To the same tune. 

First line. — "Peace, Shepheard, cease to moan." 

4. A Mournful Ditty of the death of the Fair Rosamond, King 

Henry the Second's concubine. To the tune of Flying 
Fame. 

First line. — " ^yhen as King Henry rul'd this land." 

J. A most rare and excellent History of the Duchess of Suffolk's 
calamity. To the tune of Queen Dido. 

First line. — " When God had taken for our sin." 

This ballad, which ends the first part, is taken 
from Deloncy's "Strange Histories," 1607, which 
have already been reprinted by the Society. The 
second part begins with — 

6. The lamentable Fall of the great Dutches of Glocester, the 

>vife of Duke Humfrey : how she did penance in London 
Streets bare-footed, with a wax candle in her hand : and 
how at last she was banished the land, where, in exile in the 
Isle of Man, she ended her dayes in woe. To the tune of 
" Fortune my Foe." 

First line. — "I once a Dutches was of gi'eat reno^ni." 

7. A courtly new song of the Princely wooing of the fair ]\Iaid 

of London, by King Edward. To the tune of " Bonny sweet 
Robin." 

First line. — "Fair Angel of England, thy beauty so bright." 

8. The Fair Maid of London's answer to King Edward's wanton 

love. To the same tune. 

First line. — " Oh wanton King Edward, 'tis labour in vain." 

b 



9. The story of ill May -day in the time of King Henry the 
Eighth, and why it was so called: and how Queen Katherine 
begged the lives of two thousand London Prentices. To 
the tune of " Essex's good night." 

Fh-st line. — " Peruse the stories of this land." 

10. The life and death of the two Ladies of Finsbury that gave 

Moor-Fields to the City, for the Maidens of London to 
dry cloaths in. To the tune of " Where is ray true love." 

First line. — " You gallant London Damsels." 

11. An excellent Song made of the successors of King EdAvard 

the Fourth. To the tune of " man in desperation." 

First line. — " When as the King of England dy'd." 

12. The princely Song of the Six Queens that were married to 

Henry the Eighth, King of England. The tune is " Well- 
aday." 

First line. — " When England fame did ring." 

13. The lamentable complaint of Queen Mary for the unkind 

departure of King Philip, in whose absence she fell sick, 
and dyed. The tmie is Crimson Velvet. 

First line. — "Many doth complain." 

14. The Battel of Agen-Court, between the English -men and 

French-men. The tune is Flying Fame. 
First line. — " A coimcil grave our king did hold." 



4 



C R O W N E - G A R L A N D 



GOULDEN ROSES. 



GATHERED OUT OF ENGLAND'S ROYALL GARDEN. 



BEING THE LIVES AND STRANGE FORTUNES OF MANY GREAT 

PERSONAGES OF THIS LAND. SET FORTH IN MANY PLEASANT 

NEW SONGS AND SON-NETTS NEVER BEFORE IJITRINTED. 



BY RICHAED JOHNSON. 



AT LONDON. 

Printed by G. Eld for John Wright, and are to be sold at his 
Shop at Christ Church Gate. 

1(112. 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

OF 

GOLDEN ROSES. 



A PRINCKLY SONG MADE OF THE KED ROSE AXD THE WHITE, 
ROYALLY UNITED TOGETHER BY KING HENRY THE SEVENTH 
AND ELIZABETH PLANTAGIXET, DAUGHTER TO EDAVABD THE 
FOrRTH : FROM WHOM OCR NOW SOVERAIGN LOUD, KING JAMES, 
LINNIALLY DESCENDED. 

To the Tune of " When flying Fame." 



When Yorke and Lankaster made war, 

Within this famous land, 
The lives of England's royall peeres 

Did in much danger stand. 
Seaven English kings, in bloody feelds, 

For England's crowne did fight ; 
In which their heires were, all but twaine. 

Of lives bereaved quight. 

Then thirty thousand English-men 

Were in one battel slaine ; 
Yet could not ail this English blood, 

A setled peace obtaine. 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

For fathers kind their deere sonnes kil'd, 

And sons their fathers slew, 
Yea, kindreds fought against their kind, 

And not each others knew. 

At last, by Henries lawfull claime. 

This wasting warre had end ; 
For England's peace he soone restor'd. 

And did the same defend. 
For tyrant Richard, nam'd the Third, 

Chief breeder of this wo. 
By him was slaine neare Leaster towne. 

As cronicles doe show. 

All feares of warre he thus exil'd. 

Which joy'd each English-man, 
And dales of long-desired peace 

Within the land began. 
He rul'd his kingdome by true love, 

To cheire his subjects' lives: 
For every one had dayly joy, 

And comfoi't of their wives. 

■King Henry had such a princely care 

Our further peace to frame, 
Tooke fair Elizabeth to wife. 

That gallant Yorkest dame : 
Fourth Edward's daughter, blest of God 

To scape King Richard's spight, 
Was thus made England's peerless queene, 

And Henries hearts delight. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

Thus Henry, first of Tudor's name, 

And Lankaster the last, 
With Yorke's right heire, a true love's knot 

Did liuke and tie full fast. 
Renowned Yorke the White Rose gave, 

Brave Lankaster the Red : 
By wedlocke here conjoyn'd to grow, 

Both in one pi'incely bed. 

These Roses sprang and budded faire, 

And carried such a grace, 
That Kings of England in their armes 

Afford them worthy place. 
And florish may these Roses long, 

That aU the world may tell, 
The owners of these princely flowers 

In vertues doe excell. 

To glorifie these Roses more, 

King Henry and his queene 
First plac'd their pictures in [wrought] gold. 

Most gorgeous to be seene. 
The king's owne gard now weares the same 

Upon their backes and brest ; 
Where love and loyalty remaines, 

And evermore shall rest. 

The red rose on the backe is plast, 

Thereon a crowne of gold ; 
The white rose on the brest as brave 

And costly to behold ; 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Bedeckt most rich with silver studs, 

On cotes of scarlet red ; 
A blushing hew, which England's fame 

Now many a yeare hath bred. 

Thus Tudor and Plantaginet 

Ihese honors first devized, 
To welcome long desired peace, 

With us so dearely prized. 
A peace that now maintayned is 

By James, our royall king : 
For peace brings plenty to the land. 

With every blessed thing. 

To speake againe of Henries praise. 

His princely liberall hand 
Gave guifts and graces many waies 

Unto this famous land : 
For which the Lord him blessings sent, 

And multiplied his store; 
In that he left more wealth to us 

Then any king before. 

For first his sweet and lovely queene, 

A joy above the rest. 
Brought him both sonnes and daughters faire. 

To make this kingdom blest. 
The royall blood, that was at ebb. 

So increased by this queene. 
That England's heirs unto this day, 

Doe florish faire and greeue. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

The first faire blessing of his seede 

Was Ai-thur Prince of Wales, 
Whose vertues to the Spanish court, 

Quite ore the ocean sayles. 
There Ferdinand, the King of Spaine, 

His daughter Katherne gave 
For wife unto the English prince ; 

A thing that God would have. 

Yet Arthur in his lofty youth, 

And blooming time of age. 
Submitted raeekely his sweet life 

To death's impartiall rage : 
AVho dying so, no issew left, 

The sweet of nature's joy, 
Which compast England round with gricfe. 

And Spaine with sad anoy. 

King Henries second comfort prov'd 

A Henry of his name ; 
In following time eight[h] Henry cal'd, 

A king of noble fame. 
He conquered Bullen with his sword, 

With many townes in France : 
His manly might and fortitude 

Did England's fame advance. 

He popish abbies first supprest. 

And papestry pul'd downe ; 
And bound their lands by parliment 

Unto his royal! crowne. 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

He had three children by three wives, 

All princes raining here ; 
Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth, 

A queene belov'd most deare. 

These three sweet branches bare no frute, 

God no such joy did send ; 
Through which the kingly Tudors' name 

In England here had end. 
The last Plantaginet that liv'd 

Was nam'd Elizabeth : 
Elizabeth last Tudor was, 

The greatest queene of earth. 

Seventh Henry yet we name againe, 

Whose grace gave free consent 
To have his daughters married, both 

To kings of high desent : 
Margret, the eldest of the twaine, 

Was made great Scotland's queene ; 
As wise, as fair, as vertuous 

As eare was lady scene. 

From which fair queene our royall king 

By lineale course descendeth ; 
And rightfully he injoys that crowne. 

Which God now still befrerideth. 
For Tudor and Plantaginet, 

By yeelding unto death, 
Have made renowned Steward's name 

The greatest upon earth. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

His younger daughter, Mary cal'd, 

As princely by degree, 
Was by her father worthy thought 

The Queene of France to be : 
And after to the SufFolke Duke 

Was made a noble wife, 
Where, in the famous English court 

She lead a vertuous life. 

King Heni'y and his lovely queene 

Rejoyst to see the day. 
To have their children thus advanst 

With honors every way : 
Which purchast pleasure and content, 

With many a yeares delight ; 
Till sad mischance, by cruell death, 

Procur'd them both a spight. 

The queene, that faire and princely dame, 

That mother meeke and mild. 
To ad more number to her joy es, 

Againe grew big with child : 
All which brought comfort to her King; 

Against which carefull hower. 
He lodg'd his dear kind-hearted queene 

In London's stately Tower. 

That tower, which prov'd so fatal once 

To princes of degi'ee, 
Prov'd fatall to this noble queene. 

For therein dyed she. 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

In cliild-bed lost she her sweet life, 

Her life esteem'd so deare ; 
Which had beene England's loving queene 

Full many a happy yeare. 

The king herewith posest with griefe, 

Spent many months in moane ; 
And dayly sight, and said that he 

Like her could find out none : 
Nor none could he in fancy chuse 

To make his weded wife ; 
Therefore a widdower would remaine 

The remnant of his life. 

His after-daies he spent in peace 

And quietnesse of mind ; 
Like king and queene, as these two were. 

The world can hardly find. 
Our king and queene, yet like to them 

In vertue and true love, 
Have heavenly blessings, in like sort, 

From heavenly powers above. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 



ADELIGHTFULL SONG OF THE FOURE FAMOUS FEASTS OF ENGLAND: 
THE ONE OF THEM ORDAYNED BY KING HENRY THE SEVENTH 
TO THE HONOR OF MARCHANT TAYLORS ; SHEWING HOW SEVEN 
KINGS HAVE BEEN FREE OF THAT COMPANY, AND NOW LASTLY 
GRACED WITH THE LOVE OF OUR RENOWNED PRINCE HENRY OF 
GREAT BRITTAINE. 

To the Tune of " Treatan's Toy." 



England is a kingdome 

Of all the world admired, 
More statelinesse in pleasures 

Can no way be desired : 
The court is fuU of bravery, 

The citty stor'd with wealth, 
The law preserveth unity, 

The country keepeth health. 

Yet no like pompe and glory 

Our cronicles record, 
As four great feasts of England 

Do orderly afford : 
All others be but dinners cal'd. 

Or banquets of good sorte. 
And none but fowre be named feasts 

Which here I will report. 

Saint George's feast, the first of all, 

Maintained is by kings, 
Where much renowne and royalty 

Thereof now dayly rings : 



10 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Princes come from t'oraine lands 
To be St. George's knights ; 

The golden garter thus is worne 
By sundry worthy wights. 

St. George, our English champion, 

In most delightful! sort 
Is celebrated, yeare by yeare, 

In England's royaU court. 
The King, with all his noble traine, 

In gould and rich aray, 
Still glorifies the festivall 

Of great Saint George's day. 

The honoured Maior of London 

The second feast ordaines, 
By which the worthy citizens 

Much commendation gains : 
For lords, and judges of the land, 

And knights of good request, 
To Guildliall come to countenance 

Lord Maior of London's feast. 

Also the sargeants of the law 

Another feast affords, 
With grace and honor glorified 

By England's noble lords ; 
And this we call the sergiants' feast, 

A third in name and place, 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 1 1 

But yet there is a fourth likewise, 
Deserves as gallant grace. 

The Mar chant- Taylors company, 

The fellowship of fame. 
To London's lasting dignity. 

Lives honored with the same : 
A guift King Henry the Seaventh gave, 

Kept once in three yeares still, 
"Where gould and gownes be to poore men 

Given by King Henries will. 

Full many good fat bucks he sent, 

The fairest and the best 
The king's large forest can afford, 

To grace tliis worthy feast ; 
A feast that makes the number just, 

And last account of foure, 
Therefore let England thus report ; 

Of feasts there be no more. 

Then let all London companies, 

So highly in renown. 
Give Marchant- Taylors name and fame 

To weare the lawreU crowne : 
For seven of England's royall kings 

Thereof have all beene free. 
And with their loves and favors, grac'd 

This worthy company. 



12 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

King Richard, once the second nam'd, 

Unhappy in his fall, 
Of all these race of royall kings 

Was freeman first of all. 
Bolingbrooke, fourth Henry, next 

By order him succeeds, 
To gloryfie this brother-hood 

By many princely deeds. 

Fift Henry, which so valiently 

Deserved fame in France, 
Became free of this company, 

Faire London to advance. 
Sixt Henry then, the next in raigne, 

Though lucklesse in his dales, 
Of Marchant-Taylors freemen was. 

To [their] eternall praise. 

Fourth Edward, that right Avorthy king, 

Beloved of great and small, 
Also perform'd a freeman's love 

To this renowned hall. 
Third Richard, which by cruellty. 

Brought England many woes, 
Unto this worthy company 

No little favour showes. 

But richest favours yet, at last. 

Proceeded from a king, 
Whose wisdome round about the world, 

In princes' eai'es doth ring ; 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. IS 

King Henry, whome we call the seventh, 

]\Iade them the greatest grac'd. 
Because in March ant -Taylors' hall 

His picture now stands placed. 

Their charter was his princely guift, 

Maintaynd unto this day ; 
He added Marchant to the name 

Of taylors, as some say. 
Lo ! Marchant-Taylors they be cal'd, 

His royall love was so ; 
No London-company the like 

Estate of kings can shoe. 

From time to time we thus behold 

The Marchant-Taylors' glory, 
Of whose renowne the muses' pens 

May make a lasting story. 
This love of kings begot such love 

Of our now royall prince, 
(For greater love then his to them 

Was nere before nor since ;) 

It pleased so his princely minde, 

In meek kinde courtesie. 
To be a friendly freeman made 

Of this brave company. 
[O] London ! then in heart rejoyce, 

And Marchant-Taylors sing 
Forth prayses of this gentle prince, 

The sonne of our o-ood kinsr ! 



14 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

To tell the welcomes to the world, 

He then in London had, 
Might fill us full of pleasing joyes. 

And make our hearts fuU glad. 
His triumphs were perform'd and done, 

Long lasting will remaine ; 
And chronicles report aright 

The order of it plaine. 



THE LAMENTABLE SONG OF THE LORD WIGMOORE, GOVERNOR OF 
WARWICKE CASTLE, AND THE FAYRE MAID OF DUNSMOORE : AS 
A WARNING TO ALL MAIDS TO HAVE CARE HOW THEY YEELD 
TO THE WANTON DELIGHTS OF YOUNG GALLANTS. 

To the Tune of " Diana." 



In Warwickshire there stands a downe, 
And Dunsmoore-heath it hath to name, 

Adjoyning to a country towne. 
Made famous by a maiden's name : 

Faire Isabel she called Avas, 

A shepheard's daughter, as some say ; 
To Wigmoore's eare her fame did passe. 

As he in Warwicke- Castle lay. 

Poore love-sicke lord immediately 
Upon her fame set his delight ; 

And thought much pleasure sure did lie. 
Possessing; of so sweet a wight. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 15 

Therefore to Dunsmoore did repair, 

To recreate his sickly mind ; 
Where in a summer's evening faii*e, 

His chance was Isabell to find. 

She sat amidst a meddow greene, 

Most richly spred with smelling flowers, 

And by a river she was scene 

To spend away some evening howers. 

There sat this maiden all alone, 

Wasliing her self in secret wise, 
Wliich virgin faire to look upon 

Did much delight his longing eyes. 

She, thinking not to be espied, 

Had layd from her her countrey tire ; 

The tresses of her haire untide. 

Hung glist'ring like the golden wier : 

And, as the flakes of winter's snow 

That lie unmelted on the plaines, 
So white her body was in show; * 

Like silver springs did run her vaines. 

He, ravisht with this pleasant sight. 

Stood as a man amazed still ; 
Suffering his eyes to take delight, 

That never thought they had their fill. 



1 6 THE CROWNE-CrARLAND 

She blinded his aiFection so, 

That reason's rules were led awry ; 

And love the coales of lust did blow, 
Which to a fire soone flamed hye : 

And though he knew the sinne was great, 
Yet burned so within, his brest, 

With such a vehement scorching heat. 
That none but she could lend him rest. 

Lord Wigmore beeing thus drown'd in lust. 

By liking of this dainty dame ; 
He call'd a servant of great trust, 

Inquiring straight what was her name. 

She is, quoth he, no married wife. 

But a shepheard's daughter, as you see, 

And with her father leads her life, 

Whose dwellings by these pastures bee : 

Her name is Isabel the faire ; 

Then stay, quoth he, and speak no more. 
But to my castle strait her beare, 

Her sight hath wounded me full sore. 

Thus to Lord Wigmoore she was brought ; 

Who with delight his fancies fed, 
And through his sute such means he Avrought, 

That he entic'd her to his bed. 



OF GOLDEN KOSF.S. 17 

This being done, incontinent 

She did return from whence she came, 

And every day she did invent 
To cover her received shame. 

But ere three months were fully past. 
Her crime committed plaine appears : 

Unto Lord AVigmore then, in haste, 

She long complain'd with weeping teares. 



THE COMPLAINT OF FAIR ISABELL FOR THE LOSSE OF HER HONOUR, 
AT THE END WHEREOF SHE SLEW HERSELFE. 

To the same Tune. 



Lord "Wigmoore ! thus I have defil'd 
And spotted my pure virgin's bed; 

Behold I am conceiv'd with childe, 
To which vile folly you me led : 

For now this deed that I have wi'ought 
Throughout this country well is knowne, 

And to my woful parents brought. 

Whom now for me do make great mone. 

How shall I looke them in the face, 

When they my shamelesse selfe shall see? 

Then sed: Eve! I feele thy case, 
When thou hadst tasted on the tree ! 

c 



18 THE CROWN GART.AND 

Thou hidst thyselfe, and so must I, 
But Grod thy trespasse quickly found ; 

The dark may hide me from man's eye, 
But leave my shame still to abound. 

Wide open are my eyes to looke 
Upon my sad and heavy sinne ; 

And quite unclasped is the booke 
Where my accounts are written in. 

This sin of mine deserveth death ; 

Be judge, Lord Wigmoore, I am slice, 
For I have tread a strumpet's path, 

And for the same I needs must die ! 

Bespotted with reproachful shame 
To ages following shall I bee, 

And in records be writ my blame ; 
Lord Wigmoore, this is long of thee ! 

Lord Wigmoore, prostrate at thy feete, 
I crave my first deserved doome, 

That death may cut off from the roote 
This body, blossom, branch and bloome ! 

Let modesty accuse this crime ! 

Let love, and law, and nature speake! 
Was ever any wretch yet scene 

That in one instant all did breake ? 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 1 9 

Then, Wigmoore, justice on me show, 

That thus consented to this act ; 
Give me my death : for death is due 

To such as sinne in such a fact. 

O that the wombe had beene my grave, 

Or I had perisht in my birth I 
that same day may darknesse have 

Wherein I first drew vitall breath I 

Let God regard it not at all ! 

Let not the sunne upon it shine ! 
Let mist}' darknesse on it fall, 

For to make knowne this sinne of mine I 

The night Avherein I was conceiv'd 
Let be accurst with mournefuU eyes ! 

Let twinckling starres from skyes be reav'd, 
And clouds of darknesse thereon rise ! 

Because they shut not up the powers, 

That gave the passage to my life. 
Come sorrow, finish up mine howers, 

And let my time here end with greefe I 

And having made this wofull moane, 

A knife she snatched from her side ; 
Where Lucresse part was rightly showiie. 

For with the same, fayre Isabell dyed. 

c 2 



20 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Whereat Lord AVigmoore grieved sore, 
In lieart repenting liis amisse, 

And after would attempt no more 

To crop the flowers of maiden's blisse : 

But lived long in woefuU wise, 
TiU death did finish up his dayes, 

And now in Isabel's grave he lyes 

Till judgment comes them both to raise. 



A SONG OF SIR RICHARD WHITTINGTON, WHO BY STRANGE FOR- 
TUNES CAME TO BEE THRICE LORD MAIOR OF LONDON ; WITH 
HIS BOUNTIFULL GUIFTS AND LIBERALLITY GIVEN TO THIS 
HONOURABLE CITTY. 

To the Tune of " Dainty come thou to me." 



Here must I tell the praise 

Of worthy Whittington ; 
Known to be in his dayes 

Thrice Mai or of London. 
But of poor parentage 

Borne was he, as we heare; 
And in his tender age 

Bred up in Lancashire. 

Poorely to London than 
Came up this simple lad ; 

Where, with a marchant-man, 
Soone he a dwelling had ; 



OF GULDEN ROSES. 21 

Aud in a kitchen plast 

A scullion for to be, 
Whereas long time he past 

In labour drudgingly. 

His daily service was 

Turning spitts at the fire, 
And to scour pots of brasse, 

For a poors scullions hire. 
Meat and drinke all his pay, 

Of coyne he had no stare, 
Therefore to run away, 

In secret thought he bore. 

80 from this Marchant-man, 

"WTiittington secretly 
Towards his country ran, 

To purchase liberty. 
But, as he went along 

In a fair summer morne, 
London's bells sweetly rung, 

"Wittington back return." 

Evermore sounding so, 

'•'■ Turn againe, Whittington, 
For thou in time shall grow 

Lord Maior of London." 
Whereupon back againe 

Whittington came \\itli speed, 
A pi'entise to remaine, 

As the lord had decreed. 



22 THE ('ROWN GARLAND 

Still blessed be the bells : 

This was his daily song, 
"They my good fortune tells, 

Most sweetly have they rung. 
If God so favour me, 

I will not proove unkind, 
London my love shall see. 

And my great bounties find." 

But see his happy chance : 

This scullion had a cat, 
Which did his state advance, 

And by it wealth he gat. 
His maister ventred forth, 

To a land far unknowne, 
"With marchandise of worth, 

As is in stories showne. 

Wittington had no more 

But his i)Oore cat as than, 
AVTiich to the ship he bore, 

Like a brave marchant man. 
Vent'ring the same, quoth he, 

I may get store of golde. 
And maior of London be, 

As the bells have me told. 

Wittington's marchandise 
Carried was to a land 

Troubled with rats and mice, 
As they did understand : 



OF GOLDKN ROSES. 23 

The king of that country, there 

As he at dinner sat, 
Daily remain'd in fear 

Of many a mouse and rat. 

Meat that in trenchers hiy, 

No way they could keepe safe, 
But by rats borne away, 

Fearing no wand or staife. 
AVhereupou soone they brought 

Wittington's nimble cat, 
Which by the king was bought; 

Heapes of gold giv'n foi- that. 

Home againe came these men 

"With their ships loaden so, 
Whittington's wealth began 

By this cat thus to grow. 
Scullions life he forsooke 

To be a marchant good, 
And soon began to looke 

How well his credit stood. 

After that he was chose 

Shriefe of the citty heere. 
And then full quickly rose 

Higher, as did appeare. 
For to this cities praise. 

Sir Richard Whittington 
Came to be in his dayes, 

Thrise Maior of London. 



24 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

More his fame to advance, 

Thousands he lent his king, 
To maintaine warres in France, 

Glory from thence to bring. 
And after, at a feast 

Which he the king did make. 
He bm'nt the bonds all in jeast. 

And would no money take. 

Ten thousand pound he gave 

To his prince willingly, 
And would not one penny have : 

This in kind curtesie. 
God did thus made him great ; 

So would he daily see 
Poor people fed with meat, 

To shew his charity. 

Prisoners poore cherish'd were ; 

Widdowes sweet comfort found ; 
Good deeds both far and neere, 

Of him do still resound. 
Wittington CoUedge is 

One of his charities ; 
Records reporteth this, 

To lasting memories. 

Newgate he builded faire. 
For prisoners to live in ; 

Christ's-Church he did repaire. 
Christian love for to win. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 25 

Many more such like deedes 

Were done by Whittington, 
Which joy and comfort breedes 

To such as looke thereon. 

Lancashire, thou hast bred 

This flower of charity ! 
Though he be gon and dead, 

Yet lives he lastingly. 
Those bells that calFd him so, 

" Turne again AVhittington" 
Call you back many moe 

To live so in London. 



TIIK LIFE AND DEATH OF THE GREAT DUKE OF BrCKlNGHAM : 
WHO CAME TO AN UNTIMELY END FOR CONSENTING TO THE 
DEPOSITING OF TWO GALLANT YOUNG PRINCES, KING EDWARD 
THE fourth's CHILDREN. 

To the Tune of " Shore's Wife." 



A tale of grief I must unfold, 
A tale that never yet was told, 
A tale that might to pitty moove, 
The spirits below, and saints above. 

AVhen warres did plague this maiden land, 
Great Buckingham in grace did stand ; 
With kings and queenes he ruled so. 
When he said I, none durst say No. 



26 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Great Glouster's duke, that waslit the throne 
With blood of kings, to make't his own. 
By Henry StaiFord's help obtain'd 
What reason wil'd to be refrain'd. 

If any noble of this land 
Against great Glouster's aime did stand, 
Ould Buckingham with might and power, 
In seas of woes did him devour. 

He hoped when Richard was made king, 
He would much greater honors bring 
To Buckingham and to his name. 
And well reward him for the same. 

In Clarence' death he had a hand, 

And 'gainst King Edward's queen did stand, 

And to her sons bore little love. 

When he as bastards would them proove. 

King Edward swore him by his oth. 
In true alledgiance to them both ; 
" Which if I faile, I wish," quoth he, 
" All christians' curse may light on me." 

It so fell out on All-Soules day, 
By law his life was tane away : 
He had his wish though not his will, 
P"'or treason's end is alwaies ill. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 27 

In London having pleaded claime, 
And Richard thereby won the game, 
He challeng'd honour for his gain, 
But was rewarded with disdaine. 

On which disgrace within few houres, 
Great Buckingham had rais'd liis 230wers : 
But all in vain, the king was strong, 
And Stafford needs must suffer wrong. 

His army fail'd, and durst not stand 
Upon a traitor's false command. 
Being thus deceaved, ould Stafford fled, 
Not knowing where to hide his head. 

The king with speed to have him found, 
Did offer ful two thousand pound : 
Thus Richard sought to cast him downe, 
Whose wit did win him England's crowne. 

The plaine old Duke, his life to save. 
Of liis owne man did souccour crave ; 
In hope that he would him releive 
That late much land to him did give. 

Base Banester this man was nam'd, 
By this vile'd deed for ever sham'd. 
" It is" quoth he " a common thing 
To injure him that wrong'd his king." 



28 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

" King Edward's children he betraid, 
The like 'gainst him I will have plaid ; 
Being true, my heart him greatly grast, 
But proving false, that love is past." 

Thus Banester his maister sold 
Unto his foe for hiere of gold : 
But raarke his end, and rightly see 
The just reward of treechery. 

The Duke by law did loose his blood, 
For him he sought to do most good ; 
The man that wrought his maister's woe, 
By ling'ring griefe was brought full low. 

For when the king did heare him speak e 
How basely he the duke did take, 
Instead of gold gave him disgrace. 
With banishment from towne and place. 

Thus Banester was forst to beg, 
And crave for food with cap and leg, 
But none to him would bread bestow, 
That to his master prov'd a foe. 

Thus wand'red he in poor estate, 
Repenting his misdeed too late. 
Till starved he gave up his breath, 
By no man pittied at his death. 



I 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 29 

To wofull ends his children came, 
Sore punisht for their father's shame; 
Within a kennell one was drown'd, 
Where water scarce could hide the ground. 

Another, by the powers devine, 
Was strangely eaten up by swine ; 
The last a woofull ending makes, 
By strangling in a stinking jakes. 

Let traitors thus behold and see, 

And such as false to masters be : 

Let disobedient sonnes draw neere, 

These judgments wel may touch them neere. 

Both old and young that live not well, 
Looke to be plagu'd from heaven or hell : 
So have you heard the story than 
Of this great Duke of Buckingham. 



THE WOFULL DEATH OF QUEENE .TAKE, WIFE TO KING HENRY THE 
EIGHT : AND HOW KING EDWARD WAS CUT OUT OF 

HIS mother's belly. 
To the Tune of " The Lamentation for the Lord of Essex." 



When as King Henry rul'd this land, 
He had a queene I understand, 
Lord Seymour's daughter, faire and bright. 
King Henry's comfort and delight: 



30 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Yet death, by his I'eniorselesse power, 
Did blast the bloome of this sweet flower. 
Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies : 
Jane your queen, the flo^ver of England, dies. 

His former queenes being wrapt in lead. 
This gallant dame possest his bed: 
Where rightly from her wombe did spring 
A joyfull comfort to hir king ; 
A welcome blessing to the land, 
Preserv'd by God's most holy hand. 

Oh ! mounie, mourne, mourne, faire ladies, 
Jane your queen, the flower of England, die.-;. 

The queen in travell, pained sore 
Full thirty woeful dales and more, 
And no way could delivered be, 
As every lady wisht to see : 
Wherefore the king made greater mone 
Than ever yet his grace had showne. 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies, 
Jane your queen, the flower of England, die*. 

Being something eased in his mind, 
His eyes a slumbering sleepe did find ; 
Where dreaming he had lost a rose. 
But which he could not well suppose ; 
A ship he had, a Rose by name; 
Oh no ! it was his royall Jane. 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies, 
Jane your queen, the floAver of England, dies. 



I 



OF (iOLDEN HOSES. 31 

Being thus perplext with greif and care, 

A hidy to him did repaire, 

And said, " O king ! shew us thy will, 

The queene's sweet lite to save or spill. 

If she cannot delivered be. 

Yet save the flower, if not the tree !" 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies, 
Jane, your queen, the flower of England dies. 

Then down uppon his tender knee. 
For help from heaven ]»rayed lie : 
Meane whihi into a sleepe they cast 
His queene, which ever more did last ; 
And opening then her tender woomb. 
Alive they tooke this budding bloome. 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, fiiire ladies, 
Jane, your queen, the flower of England dies. 

This babe so born, much comfort brought. 
And chear'd his father's drooping thought : 
Prince Edward he was cal'd by name, 
Grac'd with vertue, wit, and fame : 
And when his father left this earth. 
He rul'd this land by lawfull birth. 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies : 
Jane, your queen, the flower of England dies. 

But marke the powerful! will of heaven ! 
We from this joy were soone bereaven. 
Six yeares he raigned in this land. 
And then obeyed God's command. 



82 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

And left his croune to Mary heare, 
Whose five years' raigne cost England deai\ 
Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies, 
Jane your queen, the flower of England, dies, 

Elizabeth raigned next to her, 
Europe's pride, and England's starre, 
Wonder, world ! for such a queen 
Under heaven was never scene : 
A mayd, a saint, an angell bryght, 
In whom all princes took delight. 

Oh ! mourne, mourne, mourne, faire ladies ! 

Elizabeth, the flower of England's, dead ! 



A SHORT AND SWKET SONNET MADE BY ONE OF THE MAIDES OF 

HONOR UPON IHE DEATH OF QUEENE ELIZABETH, WHICH 

SHE SOWED UPPON A SAMPLER IN RED SILKE. 

To a new Tune, or " Phillida flouts me." 



Gone is Elizabeth, 

Whom we have lov'd so deare ; 
She our kind mistxes was 

Full foure and forty yeare. 
England she govern'd well, 

Not to be blamed, 
Flanders she govern'd well, 

And Ireland tamed. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. S'S 

France she befrended, 

Spaine she hath foiled, 
Papists rejected, 

And the Pope spoyled. 
To princes powerful!, 

To the world vertuous, 
To her foes mercifull. 

To subjects gracious. 
Her soule is in heaven, 

The world keeps her glory, 
Subjects her good deeds, 

And so ends my story. 



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF FAMOCS THO. STUKELY, AN ENGLISH 

GALLANT IN THE TIME OF QUEENE ELIZABETH, WHO ENDED 

HIS DAYES IN A BATTAILE OF KINGS IN BARBARIE. 

To the Tune of " King Honrie's going to Bullin." 



In the west of England 
Borne there was, I understand, 

A famous gallant in his dayes, 
By birth a wealthy clothier's sonne ; 
Deeds of wonder he hath done. 

To purchase him a long and lasting praise. 

If I should tell his story. 
Pride was all his glory, 

And lusty Stukely he was call'd in court; 

D 



34 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

He serv'd a bishop of the west, 
And did accompany the best, 

Maintaining still himselfe in gallant sort. 

Being thus esteemed, 

And every where well deemed, 

He gain'd the favour of a London dame, 
Daughter to an alderman, 
Curtis he was called then, 

To whom a sutor gallantly he came. 

When she his person spied. 
He could not be denied. 

So brave a gentleman he was to see : 
She was quickly made his wife. 
In weale or woe to lead her life, 

Her father willingly did so agree. 

Thus, in state and pleasure. 
Full many dales they measure. 

Till cruell death, with his regardles spight, 
Bore old Curtis to his grave, 
A thing which Stukely wisht to have. 

That he might revell all in gold so bright. 

He was no sooner tombed 
But Stukely presumed 

To spend a hundi-ed pound that day in waste 
The bravest gallants of the land 
Had Stukelies purse at their command ; 

Thus merily the time away he pass'd. 



i 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 35 

Taverns and ordinaries 
Where his cheefest braveries, 

Goulden angells Hew there up and dowue; 
Riots where his best delight, 
With stately feastings day and night ; 

In court and citty thus he won renowne. 

Thus wasting land and living 
By this lawlesse giving. 

At last he sold the pavements of his yard, 
Which covered were with blocks of tin ; 
Old Curtis left the same to him, 

Which he consumed vainely as you heard. 

AVhereat his wife sore greeved, 
Desir'd to be releeved ; 

" Make much of me, dear husband," she did say : 
" I'll malve much more of thee," quoth he, 
" Than any one shall : verily," 

" I'll sell thy clothes, and so will go away." 

Cruelly thus hearted. 
Away from her he parted. 

And travelled into Italy with speed : 
There he flourisht many a day 
In his silkes and rich array. 

And did the pleasures of a lady feed. 

It was the ladies pleasure 

To give him gold and treasm-e, 

And to maintaine him in great pomp and fame ; 

D 2 



36 THE CHOWNE-GARLAND 

At last came newes assuredly 
Of a battaile fought in Barbary, 

And he would valiantly go see the same. 

Many a noble gallant 
Sold both land and talent 

To follow Stukely in this famous fight ; 
Whereas three kings in person would 
Adventurously, with courage bould, 

Within the battaile shew themselves in fight. 

Stukely and his followers all 
Of the king of Portugall, 

Had entertainement like to gentlemen : 
The king affected Stukely so, 
That he his secrets all did know. 

And bore his royall standard now and then. 

Upon this day of honour 
Each king did shew his banner, 

Morocco, and the King of Barbery, 
Portugall with all his train, 
Bravely glist'red in the plain. 

And gave the onset there most valiantly. 

The cannons they resounded, 
Thund'ring drums rebounded. 

Kill, kill ! as then was all the soldiers cry ; 
Mangled men lay on the ground, 
And with blood the earth was dround. 

The sun was likewise darken'd in the skye. 



OF GOLDEN KOSES. 37 

Heaven was sore displeased, 
And would not be appeased, 

But tokens of God's heavy wrath did show 
That he was angry at this war ; 
He sent a fearfuU blazing star 

Whereby these kings might their misfortunes know. 

Bloody was this slaughter. 
Or rather AvilfuU murther, 

Where six score thousand fighting men were slain; 
Three kings within this battaile died, 
With forty dukes and earles beside, 

The like will never more be fought again. 

With woful ai'mes enfoulding, 
Stukely stood beholding 

This bloody sacrifice of soules that day : 
He, sighing, said, " I wofull wight, 
Against my conscience heere did fight. 

And brought my followers all unto decay." 

Being thus molested. 

And with greefes oppressed, 

Those brave Italians that did sell their lands 
With Stukely thus to travel forth, 
And venture life for little worth. 

Upon him all did lay their murthering hands. 

Unto death thus wounded, 

His heart with sorrow swounded. 

And to them all he made this heavy mone : 



38 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

" Thus have I left my country deere, 
To be so vilely murthei'ed heei'e, 

Even in this place whereas I am not known. 

" My wife I have much wronged ; 
Of what to her belonged 

I vainely spent in idle course of life. 
What I have done is past, I see, 
And bringeth nought but greef to me, 

Therefore grant now thy pardon, gentle wife I 

" Life, I see, consumeth, 
And death, I feel, presumeth 

To change this life of mine into a new : 
Yet this me greatest comfort brings, 
I liv'd and died in love of kings. 

And so brave Stukely bids the world adew." 

Stukely's life thus ended, 
Was after death befrended. 

And like a soldier buried gallantly ; 
Where now there stands upon his grave 
A stately temple, builded brave, 

With golden turrets piercing in the skye. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 39 



A MOST ROYAL SONG OF THE LIFE AND DEATH OF OUR LATE 
RENOWNED PRINCESSE QUEENE ELIZABETH. 

To the Tune of " The Ladies fall." 



In England raigned once a king, 

Eight Henry cal'd by name, 
Which made fair Anne of BuUuine (lueen 

Of England, in great fame. 
AVho brought unto this country joy, 

And to her king deliglit : 
A daughter that in EngUmd made 

God's gospell shine most bright. 

At Greenwich Avas this princess born. 

That gallant place in Kent, 
A house belov'd of kings and queenes, 

A house of sweet content. 
Ev'n in her childhood she begaune 

So stor'd with heavenly grace, 
That all estates, both high and low, 

Her vertues did embrace. 

None like Elizabeth was found 

In learning so divine ; 
>She had the perfect skilful arts 

Of all the muses nine. 



40 THE CROW NE-GARL AND 

In Latten, Greeke, and Hebrew, shee 
Most excellent was knowne ; 

To forraigne kings' ambassadors 
The same was daily showne. 

The Italian, French, and Spannish tongue 

She well could speak, and read ; 
The Turkish and Arabian speech 

Grew perfect at her need. 
Her musick made her wonderfull, 

(So cunning therein found,) 
The fame whereof about the world 

In princes' ears did sound. 

Yet when her royall parents' lives 

By death were ta'en away, 
And her deare brother Edward turn'd 

To clodds of earth and clay, 
Her cruel sister Mary sought 

Her lasting greef and woe, 
Regarding not the gifts that God 

Upon her did bestow. 

A bloody reign Queue Mary liv'd, 

A Papist in beleefe. 
Which was unto Elizabeth 

A great heai't-breaking greefe. 
A faithful Protestant was she. 

At which Queen Mary spighted, 
And in Elizabeth's mishaps 

She daily much delighted. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 41 

Poor maiden ! by the bishops' wills 

In prison she was put, 
And from her frends and comforters 
. In cruel manner shut : 
Much hoping she would turn in time, 

And her true faith forsal^e ; 
But firme she was, and patiently 

Did all these troubles take. 

Her sister forthwith gave command 

Her diet to be small, 
Her servants likewise very few, 

Yea, almost none at all : 
And also would have ta'en her life, 

But that King Phillip said, 
" Oh Queen ! thy country will report 

Thou hast the tiger plaid." 

The Lord thus put this king in mind 

His chosen saint to save; 
And also to Queene Maries life 

A sodaine ending gave : 
And so Elizabeth was fetcht 

From prison to a crowne, 
Which she full foure and forty yeares 

Possest with much renoune. 

She Popery first of all supprest. 

And in our English tongue 
Did cause God's Bible to be read ; 

Which heaven continue long ! 



42 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Pure preaching likewise she ordain'd, 

With plenty in this land, 
And still against the foes thereof 

Most zealously did stand. 

The pride of Rome this queene abates, 

And spightefull Spain keept under, 
And succord much Low-country states, 

Whereat the world did wonder 
That such a worthy ' queen' as she, 

Should worke such worthy things. 
And bring more honor to this land 

Then all our former kings. 

The gould still brought from Spanish mines, 

In spite of all her foes, 
Throughout all parts of Christendome 

Her brave adventures showes. 
Her battailes fought upon the seas, 

Resounded up to heaven ; 
Which, to advance her fame and praise, 

Had victory still given. 

The Spanish power in eighty-eight. 

Which thirsted for her blood. 
Most nobly, like an Amazon, 

Their purposes withstood ; 
And boldly in her royall campe 

In person she was scene : 
The like was never done, I think. 

By any English queene. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 48 

Full many a traytor since that time, 
She hath confounded quite, 
And not the bloodiest mind of all 

Her courage could aifright : 
For mercy joyn'd with majesty, 

Still made her foes her friends, 
By pardoning many which deserv'd 

To have untimely ends. 

Tirone, with all his Irish rout 

Of rebells, in that land, 
Though ne'er so despVate, bold, and stout, 

Yet fear'd her gi'cat command. 
She made them quake and tremble sore 

But for to hear her name: 
She planted peace in that faire land. 

And did their wildnesse tame. 

Though warres she kept, with dangers great, 

In Ireland, France, and Spayne, 
Yet her true subjects still at home 

In safety did remaine. 
They joy'd to see her princely face. 

And would in nombers run. 
To meet her royall majesty, 

More thick then moates in sun. 

But time that brings all things to end, 

A swift-foot course did run ; 
And of this royal maiden queene 

A wofull conquest won. 



44 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Her death brought feare upon the land, 

No words but tales of woe 
In subjects' ears resounded then, 

Wherever men did goe. 

But feai", exchang'd to present joyes, 

Sweet comforts loud did ring ; 
Instead of queene, the people cried 

" Long live our royall king !" 
Which name of king did seeme most strange, 

And made us for to muse. 
Because full many a year the name 

Of king we did not use. 

But such a noble king is he, 

And so maintains our peace, 
That we in that may daily wish 

His life may never cease. 
His queene and his posterity 

Good angels still defend, 
This is my muse's chief desire, 

Her melody to end. 



OF C40LDEN ROSES. 45 



A SONG OF A BEGGAR AND A KING. 

I RKAD that once, in Affrica, 

A prince that there did raine, 
Who had to name Cophetua, 

As poets they did faine, 
From natures workes he did incline, 
For sure he was not of my minde, 
He cared not for women-kind, 

But did them all disdain. 
But marke what happen'd by the way, 
As he out of his window lay. 
He saw a beggar all in grey, 

Which did increase his paine. 

The blinded boy, that shootes so trim. 

From heaven downe so high, 
He drew a dart, and shot at him. 

In place where he did lye : 
Wliich soone did pierce him to the quick, 
For when he felt the arrow prick. 
Which in his tender heart did stick, 

He looketh as he would dye. 
" What sudden change is this," quoth he, 
" That I to love must subject be, 
"WTiich never thereto would agree, 

But still did it defie ?" 



46 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Then from his window he did come, 

And laid him on his bed, 
A thousand heapes of care did runne 

Within his troubled head. 
For now he means to crave her love, 
And now he seeks which way to proove 
How he his fancie might remove, 

And not this beggar wed. 
But Cupid had him so in snare, 
That this poore beggar must prepare 
A salve to cure him of his care, 

Or els he would be dead. 

And, as he musing thus did lie. 

He thought for to devise 
How he might have her company. 

That so did maze his eyes. 
" In thee," quoth he, " doth rest my life : 
For surely thou shalt be my wife, 
Or else this hand with bloody knife 

The Gods shall sure suffice." 
Then from his bed he ' soon' arose. 
And to his pallace gate he goes ; 
Full little then this beggar knowes 

When she the king espied. 

" The Gods preserve your Majesty !" 

The beggars all gan cry, 
" Vouchsave to give your charity 

Our childrens food to buy." 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 47 

The king to them his purse did cast, 
And they to pait it made great haste ; 
The silly woman was the last 

That after them did hye. 
The king he cal'd her back again, 
And unto her he gave his chaine ; 
And said, " "With us you shall remain 

Till such time as we dye: 

" For thou," quoth he, " shalt be my wife. 

And honoured like the queene ; 
With thee I meane to lead my life, .. 

As shortly shall be seeue : 
Our wedding day shall appointed be. 
And every thing in their degree : 
Come on," quoth he, " and follow me. 

Thou shalt go shift thee cleane. 
"What is thy name ? — go on," quoth he. 
" Penelophon, O king !" quoth she : 
With that she made a lowe courtsey ; 

A trim one as I weene. 

Thus, hand in hand, along they walke 

Unto the king's jjalace : 
The king with courteous, comly talke, - 

This beggar doth embrace. 
The beggar blusheth scax-let read, 
And straight againe as pale as lead. 
But not a word at all she said, 

She was in such amaze. 



48 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

At last she spake with trembling vojce, 
And said, " O king ; I do rejoyce 
That you will take me for your choice, 
And my degree so base." 

And when the wedding day was come, 

The king comnianded straight 
The noblemen, both all and some, 

Upon the queene to waight. 
And she behav'd herself that day, 
As if she had never walk't the way ; 
She had forgot her gowne of gray, 

^Vliich she did wear of late. 
The proverb old is come to passe. 
The priest when he begins the masse, 
Forgets that ever clarke he was; 

He know'th not his estate. 

Hear may you read, Cophetua, 

Through fancie long time fed, 
Compelled by the blinded boy 

The beggar for to wed : 
He that did lovers' lookes disdaine, 
To do the same was glad and fain. 
Or else he would himself have slaine, 

In stories as we read. 
Disdain no whit, O lady deere ! 
But pitty now thy servant heere, 
Lest that it hap to thee, this yeare 

As to the king it did. 






I 



OF COLDEX ROSES. 49 

And thus tliey lead a quiet life 

During theii" princely I'aigne, 
And in a tomb were buried both ; 

As writers shew us plaine. 
The lords they tooke it grievouslr, 
The ladies tooke it heavily, 
The commons cryed pittiously, 

Their death to them was pain. 
Their fame did sound so passingly, 
That it did pierce the starry sky, 
And throughout all the earth did flye, 

To every prince's realme. 



A LOVER S SOMG IN PRAISE OF HIS JUSTRESS. 

To the Tune of " Apelles." 

If that Apelles now did raigne, 
Whoevei* sought for to have fame 

He might have wone with lesser paine, 
A greater honor to his name ; 

For, with great paine, he sought all Greece 
Till he had found the faii"est peece. 

Throughout all Greece he could not view 
So fair, so feat, so fine withall ; 

Nor yet his pen cell never drew 
So fair a peece, nor never shall. 

E 



50 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Wherefore, if he had seen these dayes, 
He might have wone a greater praise. 

Oh ! happy man, might he have said, 

If he had lived to this time, 
For to have seen so fair a maide. 

In all proportions made so fine ; 
Her fuUgeut face so faire, so cleare, 

That Europe cannot [shew] her peere. 

Pygmalion, with his gravers, then 
Could never worke so fair a peece. 

Nor yet Apelles, in his time. 
Did ever see the like in Greece : 

For, if he had, he would have said 
That Venus was not like this maid. 

She is a graft of noble groweth, 
And worthy is she of her fame, 

For why her vertues plainly showeth 
That well she hath deserv'd the same : 

"Wherefore my painfull pen all waies, 
Shall never cease to write her praise. 

O that my pen could print her praise 
According to her just desert. 

That I might say, and see those dayes, 
That I desired with my heart ! 

For still I thought, and ever shall. 

My mistres' praise might passe them all. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 51 

Now proof and praise in one is knit, 
And hath blowne to praise this niaide, 

And justice doth in judgment sit 
For to performe that I have said. 

Thus to conchide, and end to make, 

Unto the grods I her betake. 



ANOTHER. 

To a new Tune. 

The bee doth love the sweetest flower, 
So doth the blossome the Aprill shower, 
And I doe love that lady truely : 
Why should not I love her that loves me ? 

The bird doth love the morning bright, 

To see the day is her delight, 

And I do [love] to see her face. 

In whome, that I doe love, is my solace. 

The fish doth love the flouds by kind, 
For want of it they are but pynd, 
And I doe love her presence also. 
Whom that I love, and love no moe. 

The lypard doth love to lie and pry 
Upon the faces that goeth him by. 
And I doe love to looke and gaze 
Upon my true love's pleasant face. 

E 2 



52 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

The deere doth love in woods to dwell, 

As I to you the truth shall tell, 

And I doe love as doth the deere : 

Oh ! whereas I love would Christ I were ! 

Troylus ' did love' with all his might, 
Cressed of Troy, that was so bright, 
And I doe love as farre as he. 
And ever shall untill I dye. 



IN PRAISE AND DISPRAISE OF WOMEN. 

To a pleasant new Tune. 

Women to praise who taketh in hand, 

A number shall displease, 
But who so doth them most dispraise, 

Doth most live at their ease ; 
Whereat I muse and marvaile much, 

And shall do till I die ; 
And if you think I say not true, 

Aske them if that I lye. 

They are man's aid and only stay, 

And comfort at his need. 
They cherish him in all affaires, 

How ever that he speed : 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 51] 

And that she for him may doe 

She doth it willingly ; 
And if you think I say not true, 

Aske them if that I lye. 

And when their husbands be farre from hand, 

Then will they spin and carde, 
They wil not gossip and go gay, 

But then they fare full hard ; 
They rise up eai-ly and lye downe late, 

They labour earnestly 
To save a penny or a groat ; 

Ask them if that I lye. 

And if her husband chance to chide, 

She gives him not a word, 
Or if he fight she answers him 

No more then doth a bourd, 
But out she goeth about her worke, 

And takes all patiently, 
Except she crowne him with a stoole ; 

Aske them if that I lye. 

Or with her ten commandments 

She takes him on the face. 
That from his cheekes, downe to his chin, 

A man may see each race ; 
The goodman then must weare a clout. 

The goodwife she will dye. 
Her husband['s] hurt so heavily 

She takes, or else I lye. 



54 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Then to his bed she wil not come, 

Nor with him will be 'greed, 
Unlesse she have a petticoate, 

Or else some other weed : 
And when she's with her gossips met 

She telles them by and by, 
How she her husband handled hath : 

Aske them if that I lye. 

Well done, good gossip, saith the one. 

Your practise well we praise . 
1 drinke to you for your good deed. 

The second gossip sayes. 
They all to put the same in use 

Do promise by and by ; 
Which they fulfil unto their power 

Forthwith, or else I lye. 

Good wives, a judgement I you pray, 

Your verdit let me heere ; 
Where all be falce, or all be true, 

By you it must appeare. 
How ever that the matter goeth. 

The trueth you must descry ; 
Or else it is not possible 

To know if that I lye. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 55 



THE lover's fairing SENT TO HIS BEST BELOVED. 

To the Tune of " I wander up and downe." 

My comfort mul my joy, 

This fairiug I do send ; 
Let not unkindnesse him destroy 

That is thy faithful! friend. 

A loyall heart I send ; 

To thee the same I give ; 
O cherish it and keepe it safe, 

And so the same will live. 

But if you it forsake, 

And will not yeeld it grace, 
It lives and dyes, and soon is fled, 

"Within a little space. 

O flie no promise made, 

Nor do me not disdain ; 
One frowne w ill strike so cruelly. 

That I shall live in paine. 

A smile revives me being dead, 

And is a joyful treasure ; 
O let that sunne-shine ere be spred, 

For it is my chiefe treasure. 



56 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

My selfe, and wealth, and all I have; 

A fairing I do give 
To thee, that first my heart possest, 

And still maist make me live. 

Steele not thy heart, nor make it hard^ 
But intertaine mine inne ; 

So may I boast, and still shall say, 
I shall much comfort win. 

Returue me comfort back ; 

Let me not languish ever! 
For I am thine, and ever shall, 

Till death my life do sever. 



THE MAIDEN S KIND ANSWERE TO HER LOVER. 

To the same Tune. 

Take courage, gentle love, 

I never will thee forstike ; 
Nor, while I live, shall ever man 

Possession of me take. 

Thy loyall heart De keepe, 

And send mine back to thee, 
Mine is in feare to live in paine. 

But thine I am sure is free. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 57 

The promise that I made, 

I vow and swear He keepe ; 
My love to thee shall ever wake, 

Oh never let thine sleepe I 

No frownes shall kill my face. 

But smiles shall stil be seene, 
I long until I see thy face. 

That absent long hath beene. 

My heai't doth melt like vvaxe, 

And never shall be hard ; 
Women have never steely hearts, 

For then their sex were mar'd. 

All comfort I can send 

I do returne to thee, 
My heart, my selfe, and all I have 

Is thine eternallv. 



A MAIDE S COMPLAINT FOK LACK OF A LOVE ; 
EXPRESSING THE ANGUISH IN MINI) SHE DOTH PROOVE. 



No maiden may so well as I 
Complain of her hard destiny, 
I am now in prime of yeares, 
Yet there is no yong man beares 



58 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

A brest that harboretli a heart 
That hath compassion on my smart ; 
Therefore I am sore affraid 
I shall live and dye a maid. 

I cast, as other maidens doe, 
Amorous glances for to woe 
Young men to settle on my love, 
But those glances do not proove ; 
They are like shaftes by blind men shot 
Against a marke that nere is hot ; 
Therefore I am sore afraid 
I shall live and die a maide. 

Twenty winters have I seene, 

And as many soramers greene, 

'Tis enough to breed dispaire 

So long a maidenhead to beare ; 

'Tis a burden of such waight, 

That I would faine be eas'd oft straight ; 

But, alasse, I am afraid 

I shall live and die a maide. 

I know that young men me reject, 

My beauty merrits more respect. 

My quicke gray eye, my cherry cheeke. 

Where they may finde, that list to seeke, 

Matter to increase love's fire, 

And to stir them to desire ; 

But, alas, I am afraid 

I shall live and die a maide. 



I 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 59 

Higlio, I love, yet modesty- 
Bids me not be too free 
In demonstrating [all] my paine, 
Least rebuke and shame I gaine ; 
But where fire is, there it smoakes ; 
Anguish foUowes heavy stroalves. 
Out alasse ! I am afraid 
I shall live and die a maide. 

I love, yet love binds me to paine, 
Love rejected 's lovers' baine, — 
We maides are bound by modesty, 
At all assaies, to secrecy ; 
Modestie's too strict a dame. 
To her wiU I cannot frame : 
Out alasse ! I am afraid 
I shall live and die a maide. 

Time hath wrought an alteration. 
Blushing is a foolish fashion, 
All maides leave it, so will I, 
And to my sore a salve apply ; 
Babish blushing hinders all 
Who would to modesty be thrall: 
I will be no more afraid, 
He no longer be a maide. 

Bashfull young men make us bould 
When they love in bondage hould, 
They take from us that ruddy dye 
That should upon our faces lye ; 



60 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Condemne us not then, love makes way, 
Like fire that's hid in dryest hay ; 
I will be no more afraid. 
He no longer live a maide. 



THE LAMENTATION OF AN ALE WIFES DAUGHTER. 

To a new Tune. 

In the spring time, when plants do bud, 

And birds use chirping notes, 
When beasts do gather heart of grasse, 

And fish in water flotes : 
It was my chance for to espie 

A nimph of Venus traine, 
Who in a grove wherein she sat 

Did mightily complaine. 
I hearkned to her sad lament, 

I listned to her tale, 
Whereby it seemed that she had 

Set honestly to sale. 
Alas, said shee, that mother deere 

An ale-wife was to me. 
Or that it was my heavie chance 

To use bad company. 
Wo be to him that with the oyle 

Of angels me intis'd, 



OF r.OLDKX ROSES.. 61 

Thrice woe be to the goklen baits 

That often me surpris'd. 
Woe to the toyes of youth too rash, 

Woe to the crafty snares 
Of crooked age that youth doe catch 

In nets at unawares. 
Woe to dame nature for hir paines 

In making me the glasse 
For others for to scofFe and laugh 

As they the way doe passe. 
Then gushed out the silver streames 

Of water from her eyes, 
Whicli did bedew hor roseate cheekes 

And that in dolefuU wise. 
Jenkin. At which I came and spake these words: 

What fortune hatli decreed ? 
Or how, or why, have fatall fates 

Committed such a deed 
That thou, the mirror of our age. 

And pride of natures bower, 
Farre sweeter then the ruddy rose 

Or gallant gillyflower, 
Should'st thus lament and pine away. 

Whose cheerfull countenance 
The hearts of yong and eake of old 

Hath causd full oft to daunce ? 
1st losse of love ? 1st want of wealth ? 

1st cause thou sleepest alone ? 
Or ist the death of some deare friend 

That causeth thee to mone ? 



62 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Joo. Not SO, my friend, what doost thou mean, 

To make the thing so strange? 
Experience teaeheth after full 

There needs must bee a change. 
The golden baite intised hath 

The pretious pearle from me, 
Which to be gotten back againe, 

Remains without remedy. 
Jen. Your meaning (sweet) I do not know, 

I pray you tell it plaine, 
Faine Avould I finde some remedy 

To ease you of your paine. 
Joo. I thanke you for your kind good will, 

Which you did shew to me, 
In recompence whereof I will 

My words make plaine to thee. 
As nature had adorned me 

With gifts of beauty rare, 
So, for to deck and trim myself 

Was all my chiefest care ; 
Then many suters came to me. 

And most my betters were, 
^Vliom I disdain'd and set light by. 

My mind was to severe ; 
At length there came an aged man, 

Of money store had he, 
Who with his bags and golden baits, 

Hath bred my misery. 
My mother yeelded her consent, 

And causd me doe the same, 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 63 

AVHiicli raaketli me thus to lament 

That I must live in shame. 
Let maidens then example take, 

And warning by my fall, 
Least they, like me, should catched be 

By comming to the call. 
Thus hast tliou heard, my friend, my griefe, 

I can no longer stay, 
Adew, and twenty times farewell 

This sorrowfull month of May. 



A NEW SONNET OF CORIDON AND PHILLIDA. 

CoRiDON, ai'ise, my Coridon, 
Titan shineth cleare. 
Cor. Who is it that calleth Coridon ? 

Who is it I heare ? 
Phil. Phillida, thy true love, calleth thee. 
Arise then, arise then. 
Arise and feed thy flocks with me. 
CoR. Phillida, my true [love], is it she ?^ 
I come then, I come then, 
I come and feed my flocks with thee. 

Phil. Here are cheries ripe, my Coridon, 

Eate them for my sake. 
CoR. Here's my oaten pipe, my lovely on[e,] 

Sport for thee to make. 



64 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Here ai'e threeds, my true love, fine as silke, 

To knit thee, to knit thee 
A paire of stockins white as milke. 
Here are reeds, my true love, fine and neat, 

To make thee, to make thee 
A bonnet to withstand the heate. 

Phil. I will gather flowers, my Coridon, 

To set in thy cap. 
CoR. I will gather pears, my lovely on[e,] 

To set in thy lap. 
Phil. I wil buy ray true love garters gay 

For Sundaies, for Sundaies, 
To wear about his legs so tall. 
CoR. I will buy my true love yellow saye 

For Sundaies, for Sundaies, 
To weare about her midle small. 

Phil. When my Coridon sits on a hill, 

Making melody : 
CoR. When my lovely on[e] sits at her wheele, 

Singing cheerely. 
Sure, me thinkes, my true love doth excell 

For sweetnesse, for sweetnesse, 
Our Pan, that old Arcadian knight ; 
And, me thinkes, my true love beares the bell 

For clearnesse, for clearnesse. 
Beyond the nimphs that be so bright. 

Phil. Had my Coridon, my Coridon 
Bin, alaoke, my swaine. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 65 

Had my lovely on[e,] my lovely on[e] 

Bin in the plaine, 
Cintliia Endimion had refus'd, 

Preferring, preferring 
My Coridon to play withall ; 
The queene of love had bin excns'd 

Bequeathing, bequeathing 
My Phillida the golden ball. 

Yonder comes my mother, Coridon, 

Whither shall I fly ? 
Under yonder beech, my lovely one. 

While she passeth by. 
Say to her thy true love was not here : 

R^ember, remember 
To morrow is another day. 
Doubt me not, my true-love, do not feare. 

Farewell then, farewell then. 
Heaven keepe our love alway. 



CORIDON S COMPLAINT. 

Phillida, where hast thou bin r 
Long it is since I have seene 

My PhiUida ; 
Every e'en when day was doon. 
In the absence of the sunne, 

Have Ave met, my love, to sport and play. 

F 



66 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

Now thy absence makes me feare 
Coridon's not held so deare 

Of PhiUda 
As he earst was wont to bee : 
Smile as thou wert wont on me, 

Phillida, my fairest Phillida ! 

Coridon is now as true 

As when first the heavenly hew 

Of PhiUida 
Made him all-admiring stand, 
And did love and life command, 

Phillida, my fairest Phillida ! 

Such sad dumps thy absence breeds. 
That ray pipe of oaten reeds, 

Faire Phillida, 
I lay by, and sighing sit ; 
Sorrow, sighes, and teares beget ; 

Phillida, my fairest Phillida ! 

With thee T can play and sing. 
And mine amies shall, like a ring, 

Faire Phillida, 
Circle thee ; and then I hold 
That's more desired of me then gold, 

Phillida, my fairest Phillida. 

But, without thee, still I say 
I in woe Aveare time away. 
My dearest love ; 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 67 

Therefore let thy kind reply 
Cure ine, or I faint and dye, 

Phillida, let not thy fancy move. 



HHYLLIDAES KIND REPLYE. 

Wherefore faints my Coridon ? 
Thinkes thou I am sueh a one 

As Cressida ? 
I will proove as firme to thee 
As Lucrece or Penelope ; 

Coridon, doubt not of Phillida. 

Though 1 have been absent long, 
Faint not, my sweet Coridon, 

Thy PhiUida 
Is, as thou art, true and just, 
Strong in love, but weake in lust ; 

Coridon, doubt not of Phillida. 

Nor, though our sex are given to range, 
Doth Phillida delight in change, 

My Coridon ; 
If my absence made thee greeve, 
Let ray presence now releeve 

Coridon, my deerest Coridon. 

As in me thou takest delight, 
So do I in thy sweete sight, 
My Coridon ; 



f2 



68 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

I have bene in yonder grove, 
Gathering flowers for my love, 

Coridon, my dearest Coridon ; 

The chiefest both for shew and sent, 
So choice am I for thy content, 

My dearest love ; 
Looke, the livery of the spring 
To deck thee, Coridon, I bring ; 

Then do not thy Phillida reprove. 

Su h a loving simpathy 

In our loves (deare love) doth lye, 

I know right well. 
Such a heart wrought combination, 
That I feare no separation, 

Coridon, such needlesse doubts repell. 



A NEW SONNET OF A KNIGHT AND A FAIRE VIRGIN. 

To the Tune of " Selengers round." 

I READ how, in King Arthurs time, 

A knight, as he did ride, 
Did meet a virgin faire and bright 

About the greene-wood side. 
Could she well, or could she wo, 

He lighted of his steed. 
And there he tooke, against her will, 

Her maiden head indeed. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES 69 

When this was done, this maiden tlien 

Went raging to the king, 
Bewailing of her pitteous case, 

And told him eveiy thing ; 
The king now hearing her complaint, 

In stories as I read. 
Commanded the knight he should be hangd 

For this his hainous deed. 

The queen, alas, considering this. 

It was a pitteous thing 
To cast away so faire a man, 

She begd him of the king. 
Unto the knight then she began : 

Now, pnsoner art thou mine, 
For thou shalt dye, for ought I know, 

Except thy wits are fine. 

For I will give thee a whole yeares space, 

To know of woemens kind, 
What thing it is that woemen love best 

If they may have their mind. 
Full sadly went this knight away. 

Some councell for to find, 
To know the cause ; to keepe the day 

That was to him assign'd. 

When that the yeare was almost out, 

He came where he had seene 
Twenty ladies in a rout, 

All dancinir on a Greene : 



THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

When he drew neere unto the place 

His question to have told, 
They faded all before his face, 

Save one that was ful old. 

Amaz'd be yee, sir knight, quoth she, 

What ist that you mislike ? 
Perchance you may pick out of me 

The thing that you do seeke. 
He told her then : she said againe. 

If I do it for you, 
You must agree to grant to me 

That you may easily doe. 

Content, (juoth he ; Come on, quoth she, 

Have with you to the queene. 
And say that it is soveraignty 

That women love, as I weene. 
Onward they go, the queene did know 

The knight was neere at hand, 
She placed her ladies all on a row 

To lieare the matter scand. 

The knight he gave his question thus : 

My tale is soone exprest ; 
It seems to me that soveraigntie 

Is that that women love best. 
The ladies all about the hall 

Their verdidts soone did give, 
This worthy knight hath hit so right, 

He well deserves to live. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

Then beldam stept before the queene, 

Desiring that tlie knight 
Might grant to her upon the greene 

The troth that he did plight. 
Wliat is that ? quoth he. Mary, quoth shee, 

That I may be your wife. 
Alas, quod he, then woe is mee, 

Yet rather take ray life. 

There was no shift, but marriage swift, 

And both laid in a bed ; 
\Yhen she did joy to prove a toy, 

He turned away his head. 
Sir, quoth she, were not you better have me. 

Being both shrewd and old. 
Then to have youth that, for a truth, 

Should make you a cuckold ? 

But all this while she saw no smile 

Nor countenance of the knight ; 
She changed hew, she made herself new, 

Her beauty was brave and bright. 
Then fell the knight to lovers delight, 

Good Lord, what dayes are these ! 
It was so strange to see the change 

A could not sleepe for fleas. 



72 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 



A NEW SONG OF AN HOSTISSE AND HER GUESTS, 

To the Tune of " The Painter." 

I wiL not to Saint Katherines goe 

To laugh no more, 
My hostisse chides and checks me so, 

I am sorry therefore : 
When I came in as merry as a fryer, 
She hung the chin, she lookt awry, 
She hould, she scould, she looked so coy. 
I could not be merry, I could not joy. 

I saw her sit so maidenly 

When I came in, 
To busse and kisse her curtusly 

I did begin. 
The more I shewed my countenance free, 
The more beshrewed, the worse was shee ; 
Her tallve so shrill, the time so soure, 
I durst not tarry there halfe an hower. 

The beere was bitter for my taste, 

I tell you true ; 
I came to soone to make such hast. 

As did ensue. 
Yet after all these comely shewes, 
As best becomes those friendly shrewes. 
The frownes were gone, and frollick she, 
Contented was to welcome me. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 73 

Then had we chat and cheere at Avill, 

As served the place ; 
A redy friend our pots to fill, 

And fetch apace : 
The goodman he was not at home, 
The guests were cut over heart and come, 
The shrew became a curteous dame. 

The three hoop'd pot was filled round. 

For lack of clieere ; 
A neats foot in the towne was found, 

And we drew neere 
To take our fill of every joy. 
Our hostisse was no longer coy. 
But thankes be to God our friends and us, 
Our malice and all was ended thus. 



A LAMENTABLE DITTY ON THE DEATH OF A NOBLEMAN WHO 
WAS EXECDTED IN THE TIME OF KING EDWARD. 

Should fortune frowne against the gods ? 

Alas, and should she so ! 
Should worthy wightes of noble blood 

Receive such mortall woe ? 
Alas, poore England, now, alas. 
Thy woe wil shortly come to passe ! 

In time of noble Edward's raigne, 
Whose fame doth farre resound. 



74 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 

His uncle deare did truth maintaine, 

And all his foes confound. 
But in the end, alas, alas, 
His wofuU death was brought to passe ! 

His princely name and courage stout, 
Which all men may report. 

Could not defend him from the rout 
Of those that did extort. 

But in the end, alas, alas, 

His wofull death was brought to passe ! 

He was bereft of noble power 

Committed to his chai-ge. 
And cast into the prison tower, 

His torments to enlarge. 
Where as he lay, alas, alas, 
To dolefull death was brought to passe ! 

Who then did know the faigned clause 
Wherefore he was condemned ? 

Is not the sentence of those lawes 
Of all good men commended ? 

O noble duke, alas, alas. 

Thy wofull death is come to passe ! 

How wast thou led unto Tower-Hill, 

With billes beset about, 
Even like a lambe contended still 

Before the woolvish rout. 
O Summerset, alas, alas, 
Thy wofull death is come to passe / 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 75 

How did the common people cry, 

With heaped voices shrill, 
Pardon I pardon ! with hands on high, 

Hoping to keepe him still. 
[O Summerset, alas, alas, 
Thy wofull death is come to passe I] 

He stood upright, a noble duke 

With constant courage bold : 
Content yoiu-selves, (this was his sute, ) 

The lawes have me controld. 
Alas, poore soules, alas, alas, 
Youi" woe will shortly come to passe ! 

Pray for the peace of Edward king, 

Your Soveraigne, he did say, 
That he may prosper in living. 

All ye, good people, pray, 
Leaste that his foes, alas, alas. 
Do bring his wofull death to passe. 

Our summer sweet was thus bereft, 

And winter did ensue. 
What carefull hearts to us were left, 

Are since approved true. 
Oh ! England, cry alas, alas, 
That thy woe should come thus [to] passe. 



76 THE CROWNE-GARLAND 



A PLEASANT NEW SONNET, INTITULED, MINE OWNE DEARE 
LADY BRAVE. 

To the Tune of " Rosero." 



Mine owne deare lady brave, 
Would God it were ray hap 

To be the spanniell that you have 
To dandle in your lap. 

Or that I were so feate 

To please you with my skippes, 
To take me up, in your conceit, 

To stand and lick your lips. 

Or that my pranking pace 

In all points could agree 
To touch your traine in every place, 

At least as neere as he. 

Or that I could so bragge, 
Or simper with ray taile, 

To take me up into your lap 
To know what I doe ayle. 

Then should T hope and have 

Each dainty in the dish. 
And harbor, like a pretty knave, 

Acoordinji to mv wish. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 77 

And sleepe between your paps, 

With stroking on the head, 
As tenderly as each hidy raps 

Such puppies in their beds. 

Would God you would voutchsafe 

To grant me half the grace, 
A licke or leape some time to have 

In such a puppies place. 

Should never faining whelpe 

So closely keepe you play, 
For I will neither run nor yelpe, 

Your secrets to bewray ; 

But what it should behove 

A spaniel to professe, 
To cloake or hide when you remoove, 

My part shall be no lesse. 

And what doth want in him 

My fiivour might supply, 
For though your puppie can do trim, 

Yet not so well as I. 

Perhaps you will forget 

Your puppies dainty toyes. 
When you and I are closely met 

To play for pritty boyes. 



78 THE CROWNE- OAKLAND 

[In] pitty now peruse 

This written verse of mine, 

Or else the dog I crave to choose, 
The happy state of thine. 



A NEW SONG OF A CURST WIFE AND HER HUSRANP. 

Passing along through Redriffe, 

I heai'd one sore complaining, 
Then streight I drew me neere to him 

To know the cause and meaning 
Of this his sorrow, care, and griefe, 

Wliich did his mind disaster; 
Alasse, sayes he, what shall I doe ? 

My wife will needs be maister. 

For I may bid w^o[e] worth the time 

That ere with her I matched, 
For with her nailes that are so sharpe 

My face she hath bescratched ; 
To a surgion I was driven to run, 

For to goe beg a plaister, 
So thus, God knowes, unto my greefe. 

My wife will be my maister, 

I drudge, I droile, I tosse, I toyle, 
Till that the day be ended ; 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 79 

At night I make to her account 

What monny I have spended, 
Or else my pockets she will search, 

And say I am a waster : 
Thus like a mome I live at home, 

And shee will needes be maister. 

For till the paines that I do take. 

Yet still she will be chiding ; 
Except five groats each night I bring, 

At home ther's no abiding ; 
She saies that I am good for nought 

But for some foolish jeaster, 
With angry browes, and deadly bowes, 

She sweares to be my master. 

Thus, honnest friend, as you have heard, 

I daily live in son*ow. 
Of never a neighbor that I have 

Dare I once lend or borrow. 
If I should live as many yeares 

As ever did King Nestor, 
Yet, in my mind, it still me feares, 

That she would be my maister. 

I dare not stir forth of her sight 

But when I am a working, 
For her jealous mind doth thinke I am 

With one or other larking ; 



80 



THE CROWNE -GARLAND. 



And if at any time I should 

But chance to spend a teaster, 
Sheele call me knave, base rogue, and slave. 

And sweares sheele bee the maister. 



NOTES. 



P. 1 , — " To the tune of When jlying fame." This tune, to which 
" Chevy Chace" and a great number of ballads of the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were sung, is to be 
found in the Editor's " Collection of National English 
Airs," 4 to. 1^40. 

P. 2, 1. 2, — " And Lankaster the last." In the original " And 
last of Lankaster," which is presumed to be a misprint, 
as the line should rhyme with " fast." 

P. 3, verse 3, — " First placd their picture.^ in red gold." In 
the edition of 1659 " tirought gold." 

P. 12, verse 2, — " To their eternal praise." In the edition of 
1612 this line is " To his eternal praise." " Their" in 
the edition of 1659. 

P. 17, last verse, — "Then sed : Eve ! I fecle thij case." In 
the edition of 1659, " O cursed Eve," &:c. 

P. 18, verse 1, — "The dark may hide me from man's eye." 
In the edition of 1659 it is, " No dark may hide me from 
God's eye." 

— verse 3, — " For I have tre.vd." " T^'od" in the edition 
of 1659. 

— verse 5, — " / crave my first deserved doome." " Just 
desened doome" in the edition of 1659. 

— verse 6, — " Let modesty accuse this crime." " Accurse"' 
in the edition of 1659. 

P. 19, — " O that the womhe had beene my grave." This and 
the three following verses are a paraphrase of a portion 
of the third chapter of the book of Job. 

G 



82 NOTES. 

P. 25, — " To the tune of Shore's Wife." " The woeful laiiieii- 
tation of Jane Shore, a goldsmith's wife," &c. was suwj: 
to the tune of " Come live with me," which is printed in 
the " Collection of National English Airs," 4to. 1840. 

P. 28, verse 3, — " The duke by laiv did lose his blood." 
" Did lose his head" in the edition of 1659, and in verse 
5, " But none on him would bread bestow." 

P. 32, — " To a new tune., or Phillida flouts me." This 
song and tune are reprinted in the " Collection of Na- 
tional English Airs." 

P. 33, — " The life and death of the famous Tho. Stukely." 
" The fonner part of this song is so confined to particu- 
lars, that it cannot be expected historians shoiUd have 
taken notice of any of these facts ; but I am surprised 
that amongst the crimes our author has charged Stukeley 
with, he has not taken notice of the most heinous ; treason 
against his queen and country : for the king of Spain, 
enraged that queen Elizabeth should protect the Dutch, 
who had lately revolted from the Spanish government, 
took care to encourage the rebels in Ireland, and pope 
Gregory XIII entered into a strict league with him, 
desiring to set the marquis of Vincola, his illegitimate 
son, upon the throne of Ireland. Thomas Stukely, who 
for some reason (but what is not recorded) had fled from 
England, his native country, joined the pope, and pre- 
tended such interest in Ireland, that his holiness gave 
him the title of marquis of Leinster, earl of Wexford 
and Cartelogh, viscount Morogh, and baron of Rosse, 
and the command of eight hundred Italian soldiers, who 
were to be employed in the conquest of that kingdom. 
As religion was made the pretence, the expedition was 
to be commanded in chief by the great bigot of those 
days, Don Sebastian, king of Portugal, a priest-ridden 
monarch, whose education had been entrusted to a Jesuit, 
and who had been taught, that to plant the Roman reli- 
gion Avith fire and sword was the grand business of a 
believing prince. Stukely therefore with his eight hun- 



NOTES. 83 

lived men sailed to Portugal to j«)iii his commander, but 
he was at that time taken up with other views, and de- 
signed an expedition nearer home ; lor he was raising au 
army to preach the gospel in ^lorocco. Nor was there a 
pretence wanted for carrying on this war ; for after the 
death of Abdalla, king of Morocco, jNIuley Mohamed his 
son had caused himself to be proclaimed king ; upon this his 
uncle, Muley jSIoIuc, raised an araiy against him, alleg- 
ing that pursuant to the laws of the Cheriffs, the king's 
brotliers should ascend the throne before his sons, and 
Mahomet being overthrown in three pitched battles, fled 
to Portugal, where having represented his case to Don 
Sebastian, and promised that his subjects should tm-u 
Christians, that monarch, contrary to the advice of all 
his council, embarked with 13000 men, of whom Stukely 
and his 800 soldiers made a part, upon promise that, this 
expedition ended, he would immediately sail for Ireland. 
A pitched battle, and that a bloody one too, was fought, 
dm'ing which Moluc, who had lain lingering, died in his 
litter, Sebastian was slain, and Alahomet flying, was 
drowned in passing the river Mucazen." — Old Ballads, 
vol. i. p. 188, 8vo. 1727. 

P. 42, verse 2, — " That xuch a loorthi/ qieex as she." In the 
edition of 1612, " That such a vforthy prince as she." 

P. 45, — " A Song of a Beggar and a King." The story of 
king Cophetua and the beggar maid is frequently alluded 
to by oirr old dramatic wiiters. Shakespeare, in his 
" Romeo and Juliet" (Act ii. sc. 1) makes Mercutio say: 

" Young Adam Cupid, he that shot so trim, 
When King Cophetua loved the heggar maid/' 

In the Second Part of Henry IV, Act v. sc. 3, Falstaff 
says to Pistoll : 

" O ba.se Assyrian knight, what is thy news ? 
Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof." 

Ben Jonson alludes to it in his comedy of " Every Man 
in his Himioiir," Sir William Davcuant in " The Wits," 
^c. 'vc. 



84 NOTES. 

P. 46, — When she the king espied." " Espies" in the edition 
of 1659, which preserves the rhyme, and is evidently the 
correct reading. 

P. 47, verse 2, — And every fhinf/ in treir degree." " In its 
degree" in the edition of 1659. 

P. 5] , last verse, — " The lypard doth love to lie and pry." 
" Pray" in the original. 

P. 52, verse 2, — " Troylus did lo\-e with all his might." In 
the edition of 1612, " Troylus that lord with all his 
might." 

P. 53, last verse, — " Or with her ten eommandments:" i. e. her 
ten nails. 

P. 64, verse 1 , — In this and other verses, the names of Phil- 
lida and Coridon are omitted, but they are evidently in 
dialogue. 

P. 68,— To the tune of Selenger's round." " Sellenger's 
Bound, or the Beginning of the World," was a very 
popular tune in the sixteenth and seventeenth centvu'ies. 
It is to be found in Queen Elizabeth's and Lady Ne- 
ville's Virginal Books, in " The Dancing Master," and 
many other collections. It is mentioned by Morley in 
his Introduction, by Taylor the water-poet, by Tho. 
Delony, and by many old dramatists. See " National 
English Airs," vol. ii. p. 76. 

P. 70, verse 4, — In the copy the two first lines of this verso 

stand thus : 

" The knight he gave his question this, 
My tale ivas soone exprest ;" 

And the last line, 

" Hath well ileserve^Z to live." 

P. 72, verse 1 , — There is one line wanting in this verse, and 
another so misprinted as to be unintelligible. 

P. 75, verse 1 , — The burden is supplied from the preceding 
verse, being omitted in the copy. 



BiCHAKDS, PKINTKR, 100, ST. MAKTIN's I.AiVE. 



THE 



CROWN GARLAND OF GOLDEN ROSES. 



THE 



CROWN GARLAND 



GOLDEN ROSES. 



PART IT. 

FROM THE EDITION OF HioO. 



LONDON. 
PRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY, 

BY T. RICHARDS, 100, ST. MARTIN'S LANE. 
M.DCCC.XLV. 



COUNCIL 



€l)( l^nt^ ^odtt^. 



PresidfiU. 
The Rt. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A 

THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S. Treas. S.A. 
WILLIAM HENRY BLACK, Esq 
WILLIAM CHAPPELL, Esq. F.S.A. 
J. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 
C. PURTON COOPER, Esq. Q.C, F.R.S., F.S A. 
PETER CUNNINGHAM, Esq. 
JAMES HENRY DIXON, Esq. 
WILLIAM .TERDAN, Esq. F.S A., M.R.S.L. 
CAPTAIN JOHNS, R.M. 
T. J. PETTIGREW, E.sq. F.RS., F.S.A. 
LEWIS POCOCK, Esq. F.S.A. 
SIR CUTHBERT SHARP. 
WILLIAM SANDYS, Esq. F.S.A. 
WILLIAM J. THOMS, Esq. F.S.A. 
THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. MA., F.S A., Secretary 
and Treasurer. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Early editions of popular Garlands are so rarely 
to be found, that it has been thought desirable to 
reprint, by way of appendix to the " Crown 
Garland" of 1612, the additional ballads contained 
in the almost equally rare edition of 1659. 

Although many of the ballads are to be found 
in comparatively modern collections, the present 
copies seemed deserving of republication, as in 
most cases they afford the earliest authority for 
the text. 

An edition of the " Crown Garland," printed in 
1692, is in the British Museum, and another, 
the date of which is cut off, is preserved in the 
Pepysian Library. 

The edition of 1692 corresponds in its contents 
with that of 1659, now reprinted, and for the loan 
of which the Percy Society are indebted to the 
liberality of Mr. J. Payne Collier. 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 



GOLDEN ROSES. 



ADDITIONAL BALLADS 

FROM THE EDITION OF 1659. 



k SERVANT S SORROW FOR THE LOSS OF HIS LATE ROYAL MIS- 
TRESS, QUEEN ANN, WHO DIED AT HAMPTON COURT. 

The tune is " In sad and ashy Weeds." 

In dole and deep distress, 

Poor soul, I, sighing, make my moan, 
A doom of heaviness 

Constrains my heavy heart to groan. 

Then hapless I, 

That thus must cry 
Against those Sisters three ; 

Which, to my pain. 

Her life have ta'en, 
That late did comfort me. 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 

In sable weeds I mourn 

My princess' absence to condole, 
Who never can return 

Unto my sad forsaken soul. 

Yet will I show 

The grounds of woe, 
Of such as mourners be, 

For sorrowing care 

"Will be my share. 
When none will comfort me. 

My golden sun is fled. 

And clearest day beset with clouds, 
A hollow sheet of lead 

My late beloved princess shrouds ; 

For whose sweet sake 

This moan I make, 
As all the world may see ; 

There is no joy 

But in annoy, 
Then who can comfort me ? 

With grief I waste away, 

Rememb'ring oft my gracious queen, 
We servants all may say. 

And witness well what she hath been. 
A princess kind, 
[Of royal mind], 
Adorn'd with courtesy, 
But now a grave 



I 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

That grace will have, 
And none will comfort me ! 

Oh! let my careful eyes 

To sadness court and country move, 
No mourning may suifice 

To tell my dear affecting love ; 

Nor worlds of woe 

Cannot well show 
The griefs that settled be 

Within my breast, 

So much distrest, 
So none can comfort me ! 

Yet mourners there be store, 

Of kings, of states, of princes high, 
Who sadly do deplore 

The want of that sweet majesty, 

Who spent [her] days 

In virtuous ways, 
And doing good we see ; 

Her liberal hand 

Ador[n]'d this land. 
Which much doth comfort me. 

My sovereign lord, King James, 

Lamenting, moans his turtle dear. 
And princely Charles out-streams 
Full many a sad and sorrowful tear ; 
So [th]at that race 
Of royal grace, b 2 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And blooms of majesty, 

Conjoin in one 

For to make moan, 
Yet none will comfort me ! 

The Palsgrave of the Rhine, 

With Denmark's most true honoured king, 
Unto sad soi'row's shrine 

Some sacrificing tears will bring. 

Elizabeth ! 

Thy mother's death 
A mournful news will be, 

To fill those courts 

"With sad reports ; 
Yet no man comforts me. 

Methinks the Netherlands, 

And German princes of her kin, 
Possess'd with sorrow stands. 

And sadly thus their grief begin : 

Farewell ! adieu ! 

Sweet queen, so true ! 
Thy life much miss'd will be ; 

For rich and poor 

Fed on thy score, 
But now none comforts me. 

Where'er her highness went, 

Sweet bounty freely she bestow'd. 
The gifts that God her sent 



J 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

Unto the world she nobly shovv'd : 

Which many ways 

Advanc'd her praise, 
So full of good was she, 

The which did move 

All men to love ; 
But now none comforts me. 

You ladies fair and fine, 

Attendants on this royal queen, 
Her grace is made divine, 

On this dull earth not to be seen. 

Her soul is flown 

Up to that throne 
Where angels reigning be, 

Whilst I aspire 

To vain desire ; 
For now none comforts me. \ 

Oh! blessed be that mould 

Which shall contain so sweet a prize ! 
Keep safe the same enroll'd, 

Untouch'd, unseen of mortal eyes, 

Till from this earth, 

A second birth 
Of newness framed be ; 

And till that hour, 

Preserve this flower, 
Whose goodness comforts me ! 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 

A queen and mother dear, 

A wife, a daughter to a king, 
A sister royal here, ■ 

And grandam as renown doth ring : 

Which rich born fame 

Hath grac'd her name, 
Though all now buried be ; 

Yet after-days 

Shall sound her praise, 
Which greatly comforts me. 



THE GOOD SHEPHERD S SORROW FOR THE DEATH OF HIS 
BELOVED SON. 

To a New Tune. 



In sad and ashy weeds 

I sigh, I pine, I grieve, I mourn, 
My oats and yellow reeds 
I now to jet and ebon turn. 

My urged eyes. 

Like winter skies, 
My furrowed cheeks o'erflow ; 

All heaven knows why 

Men mourn as I ; 
And who can blame my woe? 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 

In sable robes of night 

My days of joy apparel'd be, 
My sorrows see no light, 

My light through sorrows nothing see. 

For now my sun 

His date hath run, 
And from my sphere, doth go 

To endless bed 

Of folded lead. 
And who can blame my woe ? 

My flocks I now forsake, 

That silly sheep my grief may know, 
And lilies loathe to take 

That since his fall presume to grow. 

I envy air, 

Because it dare 
Still breathe, and he not so, 

Hate earth that doth 

Entomb his youth, 
And who can blame my woe ? 

Now a poor lad, alone, 

(Alone how can such sorrow be ?) 
Not only men make moan, 

But more than men make moan with me 
The gods of greens. 
And mountain queens, 
The fairy-circled row. 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 

The muses nine, 
The nymphs divine, 
Do all condole my woe. 

You awful gods of skies ! 

If shepherds may you question thus, 
What d[ei]ty to supply, 

Took you this gentle star from us ? 

Is Hermes fled ? 

Is Cupid dead ? 
Doth Sol his seat forego ? 

Or Jove his joy 

He stole from Troy ? 
Or who hath fram'd this woe ? 

Did not mine eyes, O heaven ! 

Adore your light as well before ? 
But that amidst you seven, 

You fixed have one planet more ! 

You may well raise, 

Now double days 
On this sad earth below. 

Your powers have won 

Another sun, 
And who can blame our woe ? 

At your great hands I ask 

This boon, which you may easily grant, 
That, till my utmost mask 

Of death, I still may moan his want. 



OK GOLDEN ROSES, 

Since his divine 
Parts with you shine, 

Too bright for us below, 

And Earth's sad breast 
Entombs the rest, 

Yet mine is all the woe. 



CORIDON S COMFORT. 

The second part of the Good Shepherd. 
To the same tune. 

Peace, shepherd, cease to moan, 

In vain is all this grief and woe, 
For him that's from us gone. 

And can, alack ! return no more. 

But yet, indeed. 

The oaten reed. 
And mirth thou late didst know, 

I blame thee not. 

If now forgot, 
For who can blame thy woe ? 

The breath had once a sound. 

Harmonious, as in sighing spent. 
The temples once were bound 

With chaplets, or a pleasant scent. 
Now Cyprus wear. 
Thy grief and care 



10 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

To all the world [to] show, 

The pipe so sweet 

Thy lips so meet, 
And who can blame thy woe ? 

The murmur of the brook, 

Hath been delightful [to thine ear], 
Much pleasure hast thou took. 
Sweet Philomela's note to hear ; 

To see that quire, 

From bush to brier 
Leap lightly to and fro, 

The summer's queen, 

Attir'd in green. 
But now 'tis nothing so ! 

To see the queen of flowers. 

When hoary Hiem's part is done. 
Deck up those summer bowers. 
Defend us from the parching sun. 
To see the ground 
Embroidered round, 
And every tree to show 
His virid dye, 
Hath pleas'd thine eye, 
But now 'tis nothing so ! 

Too weU I know, thy sheep 

At random graze upon the plain. 

Grief lulls thee now asleep. 

And now thou wak'st to grief aj'ain ! 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 11 

Asleep, awake, 

For bis dear sake, 
Some sign of sorrow show, 

No bed of rest 

Can ease thy breast; 
And who can blame thy woe? 

No man the man that knew, 

For whom our fainting bodies wear 
These robes of saddest hue, 

And woes more black imbreasted bear, 

Can well forbear 

To shed a tear, 
Griefs still will overflow; 

Pale sorrow's curse 

Hath still such force; 
Then who can blame my woe? 

Thy woes I cannot blame. 

But in sorrows bear a part, 
Yet now to patience frame, 

And see the salve cures all our smart. 

This bud is dead, 

Is gone, is fled. 
But in his place doth grow 

A flower as fair. 

As fresh as rare, 
And he cures all our woe. 



12 THE CROWN-GARLAND 



A MOURNFUL DITTY OF THE DEATH OF THE FAIR ROSAMOND, 
KING HENRY THE SECOND'S CONCUBINE. 

To the tune of " Flying Fame." 

"When as King Henry rul'd this land, 

tlie second of that name ; 
Besides the queen, he dearly lov'd 

a fair and princely dame. 

Most peerless was her beauty found, 

her favour, and her grace ; 
A sweeter creatui'e in the world 

did never prince embrace. 

Her crisped locks, like thi-eads of gold, 

appear'd to each man's sight; 
Her comely eyes, like orient pearls, 

did cast a heavenly light. 

The blood within her crystal cheeks, 

did such a colour drive; 
As though the lily and the rose 

for mastership did strive. 

Yea, Rosamond, fair Rosamond! 

her name was called so; 
To whom dame Elenor, our queen, 

was known a mortal foe. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 13 

The king, therefore, for her defence, 

against the furious queen; 
At "Woodstock builded such a bower, 

the like was never seen. 

Most curiously this bower was built, 

of stone and timber strong; 
An hundred and fifty doors 

did to this bower belong. 

And they so cunningly contriv'd, 

with turnings round about; 
That none but by a clue of thread, 

could enter in or out. 

And for his love, and lady's sake, 

that was so fair and bright; 
The keeping of this bower he gave 

unto a valiant knight. 

But fortune, that doth often frown, 

where she before did smile; 
The king's delight, the lady's joy, 

full soon she did beguile. 

For why the king's ungracious son, 

whom he did high advance; 
Against his father raised wars, 

within the realm of France. 



14 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

But yet, before our comely king 

the English land forsook, 
Of Rosamond, his lady fair, 

his last farewell he took. 

" 0, Rosamond! the only rose 
that pleaseth best mine eye; 

The fairest rose in all the world, 
to feed my fantasy! 

" The flower of mine aifected heart, 
whose sweetness doth excel; 

My royal Rose, a thousand times 
I bid thee now farewell! 

" For I must leave my fancy's flower, 
my sweetest Rose, a space, 

And cross the seas to famous France, 
proud rebels to abase. 

" But yet, my Rose, be sure thou shalt 

my coming shortly see; 
And in my heart, while hence I am, 

I'll bear my Rose with me." 

When Rosamond, that lady bright, 

did hear the king say so. 
The sorrow of her grieved heart, 

her outward parts did show. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 16 

And from her cletir and crystal eyes, 

the tears gusht out apace; 
Which like the silver pearled dew. 

Ran down her comely face. 

Her lips, like to a coral red, 

did wax both wan and pale, 
And for the sorrow she conceiv'd, 

her vital spirits did fail. 

And falling down all in a swound, 

before King Henry's face, 
Full oft within his princely arms, 

her corpse he did embrace. 

And twenty times, with wat'ry eyes, 

he kist her tender cheek, 
Until he had reviv'd again, 

her senses mild and meek. 

"■ Why grieves my Rose, my sweetest Rose V 

the king did often say; 
" Because," quoth she, " to bloody wars 

my lord must part away." 

" But sith your grace in foreign coasts, 

among your foes unkind, 
Must go to hazard life and limb, 

why should I stay behind ? 



16 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

" Nay, rather let me, like a page, 
your shield and target bear ; 

That on my breast the blow may light, 
that shall annoy you there. 

" 0! let me in your royal tent, 

prepare your bed at night; 
And with sweet baths refresh your grace, 

at your return from fight. 

"So I your presence may enjoy, 

no toil I will refuse; 
But wanting you, my life is death, 

which doth true love abuse!" 

•' Content thyself, my dearest friend, 

thy rest at home shall be 
In England's sweet and pleasant soil; 

for travel fits not thee. 

" Fair ladies brook no bloody wars, 
sweet peace their pleasures breed; 

The nourishers of their heart's content, 
which fancy first doth feed. 

" My Rose doth rest in "Woodstock bower. 

with music's sweet delight; 
While I, among the piercing pikes, 

against my foes do fight. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 17 

" My Rose in robes of pearl and gold. 

with diamonds richly dight; 
Shall dance the galliards of my love, 

whilst I my foes do smite. 

" And you, Sir Thomas, whom I trust 

to be my love's defence; 
Be careful of my gallant Rose 

when I am parted hence." 

And therewithal he fetch'd a sigh, 

as though his heart would break ; 
And Rosamond, for very grief, 

not one plain word could speak. 

And at their parting well they might 

in heart be grieved sore: 
After that day fair Rosamond 

did see the king no more. 

For when his grace had pass'd the seas, 

and into France was gone ; 
Queen Elenor, with envious heart, 

in Woodstock came anon. 

And forth she call'd this trusty knight, 

which kept this curious bower; 
Who with his twined clue of thread, 

came from that famous flower. 

c 



18 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And when that they had wounded him, 
the queen this thread did get, 

And went where Lady Rosamond 
was like an angel set. 

But when the queen, with steadfast eyes, 

beheld her heavenly face, 
She was amazed in her mind, 

at her exceeding grace. 

" Cast off thy robes from thee," she said, 

" that rich and costly be; 
And drink thee off this deadly draught, 

which I have brought for thee." 

But presently upon her knee, 

sweet Rosamond did fall; 
And pardon of the queen she crav'd 

for her offences all. 

" Take pity of my youthful years," 
fair Rosamond did cry; 

" And let me not with poison strong- 
enforced be to die. 

" I will renounce this sinful life, 

and in a cloister bide; 
Or else be banish'd, if you please, 

to range the world so wide. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 10 

" And for the fault which I have clone, 

though I was forc'd thereto ; 
Preserve my life, and punish me 

as you think good to do." 

And with these words, her lily hands 

she wrung full often there; 
And down along her lovely cheeks 

proceeded many a tear. 

But nothing could this furious queen, 

therewith appeased be; 
The cup of deadly poison fiU'd, 

as she sat on her knee, 

She gave that comely dame to drink, 

who took it in her hand, 
And from her bended knees arose, 

and on her feet did stand: 

And casting up her eyes to heaven, 

she did for mercy call; 
And drinking up the poison strong, 

her life she lost withal. 

And when that death through every limb. 

had done her gi-eatest spite; 
Her chiefest foes did plain confess 

she was a glorious wight. 

c 2 



20 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Her body then they did entomb, 
when life was fled away, 

At Godstow, near to Oxford town, 
as may be seen tliis day. 



a most rare and excellent history of the duchess < 
Suffolk's calamity. 



To the tune of " Queen Dido." 



When God had taken for our sin, 

That prudent prince K. Edward away, 

Then bloody Bonner did begin 
His raging malice to bewray; 

All those that did God's word profess, 

Are persecuted more or less. 

Thus whilst the Lord did on us lower. 
Many in prison he did throw, 

Tormenting them in Lollard's tower, 
Wliereby they might the truth forego; 

Then Cranmer, Ridley, and the rest. 

Were burn'd in fire, whom Christ profest. 

Smithfield was then with faggots fill'd, 
And many places more beside; 

At Coventry was Sanders kill'd, 

At Worcester eke good Hooper died. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 21 

And to escape this bloody day, 
Beyond seas many went away. 

Amongst the rest that sought relief, 
And, for their faith, in danger stood, 

Lady Elizabeth was the chief. 

King Henry's daughter, of royal blood, 

"Within the Tower did prisoner lie. 

Looking each day when she should die. 

The Duchess of Suffolk seeing this, 
Whose life likewise the tyrant sought; 

Then in the hope of heavenly bliss. 

Within God's word her comfort wrought; 

For fear of death was fain to fly. 

And leave her house most secretly. 

That for the love of Christ alone. 
Her lands and goods she left behind; 

Seeking still for that precious stone, — 
The word of truth, so rare to find! 

She, with her nurse, husband, and child, 

In poor array their sight beguil'd. 

Thus through London they passed along, 

Each one did take a several street; 
Thus, all unknown, escaping wrong. 

At Billingsgate they all did meet: 
Like people poor, in Gravesend barge 
They simply went with all their charge. 



22 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And along from Gravesend town, 

With journeys short, on foot they went; 

Unto the sea's coast they came down, 
(To pass the seas was their intent); 

And God provided so that day, 

That they took ship and sail'd away. 

And with a prosperous gale of wind, 
In Flanders safe they did arrive; 

This was to their great ease of mind, 

And from their hearts much woe did drive. 

And so with thanks to God on high, 

They took their way to Germany. 

Thus they travell'd still disguised ; 

Upon the high-way suddenly, 
By cruel thieves they were surpris'd. 

Assailing their small company; 
And [all] their treasure and their store 
They took away, and beat them sore. 

The nurse, in middle of the fight, 

Laid down the child upon the ground; 

She ran away out of their sight. 
And never after that was found. 

Then did the duchess make great moan. 

With her good husband all alone. 

The thieves had their horses kill'd, 
And all their money quite had took; 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 23 

The pretty baby, almost spill'd, 

Was by the nui'se likewise forsook; 
And they far from their friends did stand, 
All succourless in a strange land. 

The skies likewise began to scowl, 
It hail'd, and rain'd in piteous sort, 

The way was long, and piteous foul; 
Then (may I now full well report), 

Their grief and sorrow was not small, 

When this unhappy chance did fall. 

Sometime the duchess bore the child, 

As well as ever she could be. 
And when the lady kind and mild 

Was weary, then the child bore he. 
And thus they one and other eas'd. 
And with their fortunes were well pleas'd. 

And after many weary steps. 

All wet-shod, both in dirt and mire. 

After much grief their heart it leaps. 
For laboui- doth some rest require. 

A town before them they did see, 

But lodg'd therein they could not be. 

From house to house then they did go. 
Seeing where they that night might lie; 

But want of money was their Avoe, 
And still the babe with cold did cry. 



24 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

With cap and knee they court'sy make, 
But none on them would pity take. 

Lo ! here a princess of great blood 
Doth pray a peasant for relief ! 

With tears bedewed as she stood, 
Yet few or none regards her grief. 

Her speech they could not understand. 

But gave her money in her hand. 

When all in vain their pains were spent, 
And that they could not house-room get, 

Into a church-porch then they went. 
To stand out of the rain and wet. 

Then said the duchess to her dear, 

" Oh ! that we had a fire here." 

Then did her husband so provide, 

That fire and coals he got with speed; 

She sat down by the fire side 

To dress her daughter, that had need. 

And while she dress'd it in her lap, 

Her husband made the infant pap. 

Anon the sexton thither came. 

And finding them there by the fire, 

The drunken knave, all void of shame, 
To drive them out was his desire; 

And spurning forth that noble dame, 

Her husband's wrath it did inflame. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. ! 

And all in fury as he stood, 

He wrung the church keys out of his hand, 
And struck him so that all of blood 

His head ran down, where he did stand: 
"Wherefore the sexton presently 
For help and aid aloud did cry. 

Then came the officers in haste, 

And took the duchess and her child. 

And with her husband thus they pass'd, 
Like lambs beset with tigers wild; 

And to the governor were brought, 

Who understood them not in aught. 

Then Master Bartu, brave and bold, 

In Latin made a gallant speech, 
Which aU their miseries did unfold, 

And their high favour did beseech: 
"With that a doctor sitting by, 
Did know the duchess presently. 

And thereupon arising straight. 

With words abashed at his sight. 
Unto them all that there did wait, 

He thus broke forth in words aright: 
" Behold, within your sight," quoth he, 
" A princess of most high degree!" 

With that the governor and the rest 
Were all amaz'd the same to hear, 



26 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Who welcomed this new-come guest J| 

With reverence great, and princely cheer; w 

J And afterwards conveyed they were 
Unto their friend, Prince Casimir. 

A son she had in Germany, 

Peregrine Bartu call'd by name, 
Surnam'd the good Lord Willoughby, 

Of courage great, and worthy fame: 
Her daughter young, which with her went. 
Was afterwards Countess of Kent. 

For when Queen Mary was deceas'd. 

The duchess home return'd again: 
Who was of sorrow quite releas'd, 

By Queen Elizabeth's ha^Dpy reign: 
Whose godly life and piety. 
We all may praise continually. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 27 



THE SECOND PART. 



THK LAMENTABLE FALL OF THE GREAT DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER, 

THE WIFE OF DUKE HUMPHREY: HOW SHE DID PENANCE 

IN LONDON STREETS, BAREFOOTED, WITH A WAX 

CANDLE IN HER HAND: AND HO'.V AT LAST SHE 

WAS BANISHED THE LAND, WHERE, IN EXILE, 

IN THE ISLE OF MAN, SHE ENDED 

HER DAYS IN WOE. 

To the tune of " Fortune, my foe." 



I ONCE a duchess was of great renoun, 
My husband near allied to England's crown, 
The good Duke Humphrey titled was his name, 
Till fortune frown'd upon his glorious fame. 

Henry the Fifth, that king of gallant grace, 
Of whom my husband claim'd a brother's place, 
And was protector made of his young son, 
When princely Henry's thread of life was spun. 



28 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Henry the Sixth, a child of nine months old, 
Then rul'd this land, with all our barons bold; 
And in brave Paris crowned king of France, 
Fair England with more honour to advance. 

Then sway'd Duke Humphrey like a glorious king, 
And was protector over every thing, 
Even as he would, to please his heart's desire; 
But envy soon extinguish'd all his fire. 

In height of all his pompal majesty, 

From Cobham house with speed he married me. 

Fair EUinor, ' the pride of ladies all,' 

In court and city people did me call. 

Then flaunted I in Greenwich's stately towers. 
My winter's mansions, and my summer's bowers; 
Which gallant house now since those days hath heen 
The palace brave of many a king and queen. 

The silver Thames, that sweetly pleas'd mine eye, 
Procur'd me golden thoughts of majesty; 
The kind contents and murmur of the water. 
Made me forget the woes that would come after. 

No gallant dame nor lady in this land, 
But much desired in my love to stand; 
My golden pi-ide encreased day by day, 
As though such pleasures never would decay. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 29 

On gold and silver looms my garments fair 
Were woven still, by women strange and rare, 
Embroidered curiously with Median silk, 
More white than thistle-down, or morning's milk. 

My coaches, and my stately pamper'd steeds, 
Well furnish'd in their gold-betrapped weeds, 
With gentle gildings in the summer nights, 
StiU yielded me the evening's sweet delights. 

A hundred gentlemen in purple chains, 
As many virgin maids were still in trains, 
The queen of Egypt with her pomp and glory, 
For pleasure could not equal this my story. 

But yet at last my golden sun declined, 
And England's court at these my joys repined; 
For soon my husband, in his honoured place 
Amongst the barons reaped some disgrace. 

Which grudge being grown and sprung upto that height. 
Unto his charge they laid some crime of weight; 
And then in prison cast, good royal duke, 
Without misdeed he suffered vile rebuke. 

They took from him his great protector's name, 
Through causes which those peers did falsely frame, 
And after, overcome with malice deep, 
My noble lord they murdered in his sleep. 



so THE CROWN-GARLAND 

The kind young king, having thus his uncle lost, 
Was clay by day with troubles vext and crost; 
For such ambition in the land then bred. 
That from the factious house of York took head. 

0, kingly Lancaster ! my husband's line, 
His death began his fall as well as mine; 
For being dead, his livings and his lands 
They seized all into king Henry's hands. 

And after turn'd me, friendless, out of door, 
To spend my days like to a woman poor; 
Discharging me from all my pompal train. 
But Elenor would a lady still remain. 

The noble spirit of a woman's will, 
Within ray breast did burn in fury still, 
And raging so in my revengeful mind, 
Till I the murderers of my lord did find. 

But knowing them to be of power and might, 
Of whom no justice could by law take right, 
But yet, to nourish up my thoughts in evil, 
I crav'd the help of hell, and of the devil. 

To practise witch-craft then was my intent. 

And therefore for the witch of Ely sent, 

And for old Bolingbroke, of Lancashire, 

Of whom, for charms, the land stood much in fear, 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 31 

We slept by day, and walkt by midnight hours, 
(The time the spells have force and greatest powers), 
The twilights, and the dawning of the morns. 
When elves and fairies take fheir gliding foi'ms. 

Eed streaming blood fell down my azur'd veins, 
To make characters in round circled [strains]; 
With dead men's sculls, by brimstone burned quite. 
To raise the dreadful shadows of the night. 

All this, by black enchanting arts, to spill 
Their hated bloods, that did Duke Humphrey kill: 
My royal lord ! untimely ta'cn from me ! 
Yet no revengement for him could I see. 

For by the hand of justful-dooming heaven, 
We were prevented all, and notice given. 
How we, by witchcraft, sought the spoil of those 
That secretly had been Duke Humphrey's foes. 

Wherefore, my two companions for this crime 
Did suffer death, ere nature spent their time; 
Poor Elenor, I, because of noble bix-th, 
Endur'd a stranger punishment than death. 

It pleased so the council of my king, 

Me to disrobe of every gorgeous thing, 

My chains, my rings, and jewels of such prize, 

Were chang'd to rags more base than rugged frieze. 



32 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And, bj command, along each London street, 
To go in penance, wrapped in a sheet, 
Bare-footed, with a taper in my hand; 
The like did never lady in this land. 

My feet, that lately trod the steps of pleasure, 
Now flinty stones so sharp were forc'd to measure; 
Yet none alive, where I did come or go, 
Durst shed one trickling tear at this my woe. 

Break, heart, and die! here ended not my pain, 
I judged was an exile to remain, 
And go a banish'd lady from this place, 
Where, in my blooming youth, I liv'd in grace. 

The x'cmnant of those years which God me gave. 
Poor banish'd Elenor spent to find her grave; 
And left this land, where she was bred and born. 
In foi'eign soils for her misdeeds to mourn. 

The Isle of Man, encompass'd by the sea. 
To England named so unto this day, 
Imprison'd me within the wat'ry round, 
Till time and death found me a burying ground. 

Full nineteen years in sorrow thus I spent. 
Without one hour or minute of content, 
Rememb'ring former joys of modest life, 
Whilst I bore name of good Duke Humphrey's wife. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 33 

The loss of Greenwich towers did grieve me sore, 
But death of my dear love ten thousand more; 
Yea, all the joys, once in my bower and hall, 
Are darts of grief to wound me now withal. 

Farewell, dear f :iends ! farewell my courtly trains ! 
My late renown is turn'd to ling'ring pains; 
My melody of musick's silver sound, 
Are snakes and adders hissing on the ground. 

The downy bed[s], whereon I lay full oft, 
Are sun-burnt heaps of moss, now seeming soft^ 
And waxen tapers lighting me to bed, 
Be stars about the silver moon bespread. 

Instead of wine I now drink waters clear, 
Wliich pays for my delightful banquets dear; 
Thus changeth stately pomp and courtly joys. 
When pleasure endeth with such deep annoys. 

My beauteous cheeks, where Cupid danc'd and play'd, 
Are wrinkled grown, and quite with grief decay'd ; 
My hair turn'd white, my yellow eyes stark blind, 
And all my body altered from her kind. 

Ring out my knell, you birds in top of sky! 
Quite tir'd with woes, here Elenor needs must die! 
Receive me, earth, into thy gentle womb, 
A banish'd lady craves no other tomb ! 

D 



34 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Thus died the famous duchess of our land, 
Controll'd by changing fortune's stern command; 
Let those that sit in place of high degi'ee 
Think on their ends, that like to hers may be. 



A COURTLY NEW SONG OF THE PRINCELY WOOING OF THE 
FAIR MAID OF LONDON BY KING EDWARD. 

To the tune of " Bonnie sweet Robin." 



Fair angel of England, thy beauty so bright 
Is all my heart's treasure, my joy and delight! 
Then grant me, sweet lady, thy true love to be, 
That I may say ' "Welcome, good fortune to me.' 

The turtle so true, and chaste in her love. 
By gentle persuasions her fancy will move. 
Then be not entreated, sweet lady, in vain, 
For nature requireth what I would obtain. 

That phenix so famous, that liveth alone. 
Is vowed to chastity, being but one; 
But be not, my darling, so chaste in desire, 
Lest thou, like the phenix, do penance in fire. 

But, alas ! gallant lady, I pity thy state, 
In being resolved to live without mate; 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 35 

For if of our courting the pleasures you knew, 
You would have a liking the same to ensue. 

Long time I have sued the same to obtain, 
Yet am I requited with scornful disdain ; 
But if you will grant your good favour to me, 
You shall be advanced to princely degree. 

Pi'omotions and honours may often entice 
The chastest that liveth, though never so nice: 
What woman so worthy but will be content 
To live in [a] palace where princes frequent? 

Two brides young and princely to church I have led, 
Two ladies most lovely have decked my bed, 
Yet hath thy love taken more root in mine heart 
Than all their contentment whereof I had part. 

Your gentle hearts cannot men's tears much abide, 
And women most angry when least they do chide; 
Then yield to me kindly, and say that at length 
Men do want mercy, and poor women strength. 

I grant that fair ladies may poor men resist. 
But princes may conquer and love whom they list; 
A king may command her to lie by his side 
Whose feature deserveth to be a king's bride. 

In granting your love you shall have renown, 
Your head shall be decked with England's fair crown; 

D 2 



36 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Thy garment so gallant with gold shall be wrought, 
If true love for treasure of thee may be bought. 

Great ladies of honour shall 'tend on thy train, 
Most richly attired in scarlet of grain; 
A chamber most princely thy person shall keep, 
Where virgins with music shall rock thee asleep. 

If any more pleasures thine heart can invent, 
Command them, sweet lady, thy mind to content; 
For kings' gallant courts, where princes do dwell, 
Afford such sweet pastimes as ladies love well. 

Then be not resolved to die a true maid. 
But print in thy bosom the words I have said, 
And grant a king favour thy true love to be, 
That I may say, * Welcome, sweet lady, to me.' 



THE FAIR MAII) OF LONDON S ANSWER TO KING EDWARD S 
WANTON LOVE. 

To the same tune. 



WANTON King Edward! 'tis labour in vain 
To follow the pleasures thou canst not attain; 
Which getting thou losest, and having dost waste it, 
The which if thou purchase, is spoil['d] if thou hast it. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. c 

But if thou obtain'st it thou nothing hast won, 
And I, losing nothing, yet quite am undone; 
But if of that jewel a king do deceive me, 
No king can restore, though a kingdom he give me. 

My colour is changed since you saw me last. 
My favour is banisht, my beauty is past; 
The I'osy-red blushes that sat on my cheeks 
To paleness is turn'd, which all men mislikes. 

I pass not what princes for love do protest, 
The name of a virgin contenteth me best; 
I have not deserved to sleep by thy side, 
Nor to be accounted for King Edward's bride. 

The name of a princess I never did crave. 
No such type of honour thy handmaid will have; 
My breast shall not harbour so lofty a thought. 
Nor be with rich favors to wantonness brought. 

If wild wanton Rosamond, one of your sort. 
Had never frequented King Heni'y's brave court. 
Such heaps of deep sorrow she never had seen, 
Nor tasted the rage of a [harsh] jealous queen. 

All men have their freedom to show their intent, 
They win not a woman except she consent; 
Who, then, can impute to men any fault. 
Who still go upright, till women do halt? 



38 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Tis counted a kindness in men for to try, 
And virtue in women the same to deny; 
For woman inconstant can never be prov'd, 
Until by their betters therein they be mov'd. 

If women and modesty once do but sever, 
Then farewell good name and credit for ever! 
And, royal King Edward, let me be exil'd 
Ere any man knows that my body's defil'd. 

No, no, my old father's reverend tears 
Too great an impression within my soul bears; 
Nor shall his bright honour the blot by me have, 
To bring his grey hairs with grief to the grave. 

The heavens forbid that when I shall die, 
Any such sin should upon my soul lie: 
If I have thus kept me from doing this sin, 
My heart shall not yield with a prince to begin. 

Come rather with pity, and weep on my tomb, 
Tlien, for my birth, curse my dear mother's womb, 
That brought forth a blossom that stained the tree, 
With wanton desires to shame her and me ! 

Leave me, most noble king, tempt not in vain. 
My milk-white affection with lewdness to stain; 
Though England will give me no comfort at all. 
Yet Ensrland will grant me a sad burial. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 39 



THE STORY OF ILL MAT -DAY IN THE TIME OF KING HENRY THE 

EIGHTH, AND WHY IT WAS SO CALLED: AND HOW QUEEN 

KATHERINE BEGGED THE LIVES OF TWO THOUSAND 

LONDON 'PRENTICES. 

To the tune of " Essex's good night." 



Peruse the stories of this land, 

And with advisement mark the same; 
And you shall justly understand 

How ill May-day first got the name. 
For when King Henry Eighth did reign, 

And rul'd our famous kingdom here; 
His royal queen he had from Spain, 

With whom he liv'd full many a year. 

Queen Katherine named, as stories tell, 

Sometime his elder brother's wife, 
By which unlawful marriage fell 

An endless trouble during life. 
But such kind love he still conceiv'd 

Of his fair queen, and of her friends. 
Which being by Spain and France perceiv'd, 

Their journeys fast for England bends. 

And with good leave were suffered 
Within our kingdom here to stay; 

Which multitudes made victuals dear, 
And all things else, from day to day. 



40 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

For strangers then did so increase, 
By reason of King Henry's queen; 

And privilege in many a place 
To dwell, as was in London seen. 

Poor tradesmen had small dealing then, 

And who but strangers bore the bell? 
Which was a grief to Englishmen, 

To see them here in London dwell. 
"Wherefore, God wot, upon May eve, 

As prentices on maying went. 
Who made the magistrates believe 

At all to have no other intent. 

But such a May-game it was known, 

As like in London never were, 
For by the same full many a one 

With loss of life did pay full dear. 
For thousands came with Bilboa blade, 

As with an army they could meet; 
And such a bloody slaughter made 

Of foreign strangers in the street. 

That all the channels ran down with blood 
In every street where they remain'd; 

Yea, every one in danger stood. 
That any of their part maintain'd. 

The rich, the poor, the old, the young, 
Beyond the seas though born and bred. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 41 

By prentices there suffered wrong, 
When armed thus they gathered head. 

Such multitudes together went, 

No warlike troops could them withstand; 
Nor yet by policy them prevent. 

What they by force thus took in hand: 
Till at the last King Henry's power 

This multitude encompass'd round, 
Where with the strength of London's tower. 

They were by force suppress'd and bound. 

And hundreds hang'd, by martial law, 

On sign-posts at their masters' doors, 
By which the rest were kept in awe, 

And frighted from such loud uproars. 
And others which the fact I'epented, 

(Two thousand prentices at least), 
Were all unto the king presented, 

As mayors and magistrates thought best. 

With two and two together tied, 

Through Temple-bar and Strand they go, 
To Westminster, there to be tried. 

With ropes about their necks also. 
But such a cry in every street 

TiU then was never heard nor known, 
By mothers for their children sweet, 

Unhappily thus overthrown. 



42 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Whose bitter moans and sad laments 

Possess the court with trembling fear; 
Whereat the queen herself relents, 

Though it concern'd her country dear. 
What if, quoth she, by Spanish blood 

Have London's stately streets been wet, 
Yet will I seek this country's good, 

And pardon for these young men get. 

Or else the world will speak of me. 

And say Queen Katherine was unkind; 
And judge me still the cause to be. 

These young men did these fortunes find. 
And so, disrob'd from rich attires, 

With hair hang'd down, she sadly hies, 
And of her gracious lord requires 

A boon, which hardly he denies. 

" The lives," (quoth she), " of all the blooms 

Yet budding green, these youths I crave ; 
O, let them not have timeless tombs, 

For nature longer limits gave!" 
In saying so, tlie pearled tears 

FeU trickling from her princely eyes. 
Whereat his gentle queen he cheers, 

And says, " Stand up, sweet lady, rise! 

The lives of them I freely give, 
No means this kindness shall debar. 

Thou hast thy boon, and they may live 
To serve me in my Boulogne war." 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 43 

No sooner was this pardon given, 

But peals of joy rung through the hall, 

As though it thunder'd down from heaven, 
The queen's renoAvn amongst them all. 

For which, (kind queen), with joyful heart, 

She gave to them both thanks and praise, 
And so from them did gently part, 

And liv'd beloved all her days: 
And when King Henry stood in need 

Of trusty soldiers at command, 
These prentices prov'd men indeed, 

And fear'd no foes of warlike band. 

For at the seige of Tours, in France, 

They showed themselves brave Englishmen: 
At Boulogne too they did advance 

Saint George's lusty standard then. 
Let Tourenne, Tournay, and those towns 

That good King Heniy nobly won. 
Tell London's prentices' renowns. 

And of their deeds by them there done. 

For ill May-day, and ill May-games, 

Perform'd in young and tender days, 
Can be no hind'rance to their fames, 

Or strains of manhood, any ways. 
But now it is ordain'd by law, 

"We see on May-day's eve at night, 
To keep unruly youths in awe. 

By London's watch in armour bright. 



44 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Still to prevent the like misdeed, [came; 

Which once through head-strong young men 
And that's the cause that I do read 

May-day doth get so ill a name. 



THE LIFE AND DEATH OF THE TWO LADIES OF FINSBURY 

THAT GAVE MOOR-FIELDS TO THE CITY, FOR THE 

MAIDENS OF LONDON TO DRY CLOTHES IN. 

To the tune of " Where is my true Love ?" 



You gallant London damsels, 

Awhile to me give ear, 
And be you well contented 

With that you now shall hear: 
The deeds of two kind ladies 

Before you shall appear, 

O maidens of London, so fair ! 

At Finsbury there dwelled 

A gallant noble knight, 
That for the love of Jesus Christ 

Desired for to fight; 
And so unto Jerusalem 

Pie went, in armour bright. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 45 

And charged both his daughters 

Unmarried to remain, 
Till he from blessed Palestine 

Returned back again, 
And then two loving husbands 

For them he would attain. 

maidens of London, so fair! 

When he was gone from fair England, 

A knight of Rhodes to be, 
His daughters they were well content, 

Though born of good degree, 
To keep themselves in mean estate. 

Of living orderly. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

The eldest of the two was nam'd 

Fair Mary, as is said. 
Who made a secret vow to God 

To live and die a maid; 
And so a true professed nun, 

Herself with speed array'd. 

maidens of London, so fair! 

Her garments were of mourning black, 

Befitting her desires. 
Where at the house of Bethlehem, 

The abbess she requires 
An entertainment to be made. 

To their melodious quires. 

O sweet singing maidens so fair! 



46 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Where in the nunnery she remain'd 

Beloved many a year, 
Still spending day and night in prayers 

For her old father dear: 
Refusing worldly vanities, 

With joy and pleasant cheer. 

O heavenly blest maidens, so fair! 

And, in the name of Jesus Christ, 

A holy cross did build, 
Which some have seen at Bedlam gate, 

Adjoining to Moor-field. 
These be the blessed springing fruits, 

That chastity doth yield. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

If that England's great royal Queen 
I should be made, quoth she, 

Not half so well contented then. 
Good ladies, should I be. 

There is no life that 's half so sweet 
As virgin's life, I see. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

Nor will I taste the joys of love 

Belong to marriage bed. 
Nor to a king consent to yield 

My blooming maiden-head. 
Till from my father I do hear, 

To be alive or dead. 

maidens of London, so fair! 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 47 

So, virgin-like, she spent her days, 

About this pleasant spring; 
And us'd herself, from time to time. 

Upright in every thing; 
Which caiis'd the ladies of this land 

Her noble praise to sing. 

O maidens of London, so fair! ' 

The younger of the sisters, nam'd 

Dame Annis, fair and clear, 
Who framed there a pleasant well, 

By her esteemed dear; 
Where wives and maidens daily came 

To wash, both far and near. 

0, heaven-blest maidens, so fair! 

In it were aU her earthly joys. 

Her comfort and delight. 
About the same remaining stiU 

With pleasure day and night; 
As glorious as the golden sun, 

In all his beams so bright. 

maidens of London, so fair! 

The lovely ladies of the land 

Unto dame Annis went, 
Persuading her this single life 

Was not the best content. 
The married sort doth most command, 

Being still to pleasures bent. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 



48 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And daily, troops of London dames 

Unto lier did repair, 
With purest lawn and cambric fine, 

To wash both clear and fair: 
And rich embroider'd furnitures 

Of child-bed linen rare. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

Thus lived these two sisters here^ 

As you have heard it told; 
Till time had chang'd their beauteous cheeks, 

And made them wrinkled, old. 
Then from their father news was brought. 

How he was wrapt in mould. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

For the king of England soon, 

The Duke of Normandy, 
Returned from Jerusalem 

With fame and victory; 
And brought their fixther's heart in lead. 

Here buried for to be. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 

This heart that spill'd his dearest blood 

For Jesus Christ in heaven, 
Being thus unto his daughters twain. 

In kindness brought and given. 
Was mourned for three hundred days. 

From morning unto even. 

O maidens of London, so fair! 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 49 

And then with himentations, 

Sweet maidens, being weary, 
Their aged father's noble heart 

Most solemnly did bury, 
And gave the place their father's name, 

As says our English story. 

O maidens of London so fair! 

Old Sir John Fines, he had the name, 

Being buried in that place, 
Now since then called Finsbury, 

To his renown and grace; 
Which times to come shall not outwear 

Nor jet the same deface. 

O maidens of London so fair! 

And likewise, when those maidens died, 

They gave those pleasant fields 
Unto our London citizens. 

Which they most bravely build; 
And now are made most pleasant walks 

That great contentment yield 

To maidens of London so fair. 

Where lovingly both man and wife 

May take the evening air. 
And London dames to dry their clothes 

May thither still repair. 
For that intent most freely given 

By these two damsels fair, 

Unto the maidens of London for ever. 

E 



50 THE CROWN-GARLAND 



AN EXCELLENT SONG MADE OF THE SUCCESSORS OF KING 
EDWARD THE FOURTH. 

To the tune of " 0, man in desperation." 



When as the king of England died, 

Edward the Fourth by name, 
He had two sons of tender years 

For to succeed the same: 
Then Richard, Duke of Gloucester, 

Desiring kingly sway, 
Devised by treason how to make 

His nephews both away. 

He with the duke of Buckingham 

Did closely then contrive 
How he unto the English crown, 

Might happily atchieve: 
Betwixt them both they laid a plot. 

And both together went 
To Stony- Stratford, where they met 

Our king incontinent. 

This sweet young king did entertain 

His uncle lovingly; 
Not thinking of their secret drift 

And wicked treachery. 
But then the Duke of Buckingham, 

To set abroach the thing, 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 51 

Began a quarrel for the nonce, 
"With them that kept the king. 

And there they did arrest Lord Gray, 

The brother to the queen ; 
Her other brother, Lord Rivers, 

In durance then was seen: 
Sir Thomas Vaughan they likewise 

Did then and there arrest; 
Thus was the king of all his friends 

On sudden dispossest. 

The king doth for his uncles plead, 

And would their sureties be; 
But both these dukes would in no case 

To his request agree: 
In brief, these noblemen were sent 

To Pomfret Castle soon. 
Where secretly and suddenly, 

They there to death were doom. 

Then forth they brought the king alone 

To London with great speed, 
Using persuasion in such sort, 

Not to mislike their deed: 
But when to London he was come, 

For him they had prepar'd 
The Bishop's palace, there to hold, 

But safely under guard. 

E 2 



52 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

And then Duke Richard takes on him 

The keeping of the king; 
Naming himself Lord Protector, 

His purpose about to bring: 
Devising how to get in hold 

The other brother too, 
The which the cardinal undertook 

Full cunningly to do. 

The cardinal then, all in haste, 

Unto the queen did come, 
Using persuasions in such sort. 

He got the other son: 
And then they both incontinent 

Unto the Tower were sent. 
After which time they ne'er came forth, 

For death did them prevent. 

Duke Richard having found the means 

To work these princes' death. 
Did cause James Tyrrel's hired men 

Full soon to stop their breath: 
Miles Forrest, and James Diggens both, 

These wicked careless men, 
Were made the instruments of blood, 

To work the murder then. 

These princes lying in their bed. 
Being sweetly arm in arm, 

Not thinking of this vile intent, 
Or meaning any harm; 



OF GOT.DEN ROSES. 53 

These villains in their feathered beds 

Did wrap them up in haste, 
And with the clothes did smother them, 

Till life and breath was past. 

But when they were so murdered, 

Where laid no man did know; 
But mark! the judgment of the Lord 

Did sharp revenge soon show. 
Betwixt these dukes within short space, 

Such discord there was bred, 
That Buckingham, (to please tlie king,) 

Was forc'd to lose his head. 

Then Richard in his kingly seat 

No rest nor ease could find, 
The murder of his nephews did 

So sore torment his mind: 
He never could take quiet rest. 

His life he still did fear, 
His hand upon his dagger was. 

And none might come him near. 

At length the Earl of Richmond came 

With such a puissant band, 
That this usurping king was forc'd 

In his defence to stand: 
And meeting him in Bosworth field, 

They fought with heart full fain; 
But God, (for shedding princes' blood), 

Caus'd Richard to be slain. 



54 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Then, being dead, upon a horse 

All nak'd as he was born, 
His flesh sore cut and mangled, 

His hair all rent and torn: 
And then Earl Richmond, worthily, 

For this his deed of fame. 
Of England he was crowned king, 

Henry tlie Seventh by name. 

From whose most royal loins did spring 

That famous king of might, 
Henry the Eighth, whose worthy deeds 

Our chronicles recite. 
Who dying, left his land and crown 

To Edward, his sweet son; 
Whose gracious reign all England ru'd 

His time so soon was run. 

His sister Mary did succeed, 

Next princess in this land, 
But in her time blind ignorance 

Against God's truth did stand: 
Which caused many a martyr's blood 

Be shed in ruthful case. 
But God did England's woes regard, 

And turn'd those storms to grace. 

At length the other sister came, 

Elizabeth, late queen; 
And she reliev'd her subjects' hearts 

From grief and sorrow clean: 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 55 

She spent her days in peace and joy, 

And died God's servant true, 
And now enjoys a place in heaven, 

Amongst the blessed crew. 

Next her succeeding mighty James, 

Likewise of Henry's race, 
His majesty with royal right, 

Deserves this worthy place: 
"Whose progeny God long preserve 

This kingdom for to sway. 
And send all subjects loyal hearts 

Their soveraign to obey. 



THK PRINCELY SONG OF THE SIX QUEENS THAT WERE MARRIED 
TO HENRY THE EIGHTH, KING OF ENGLAND. 



The tune is " Welladay.' 



When England fame did ring, 

Royally, royally. 
Of Henry the Eighth, our king, 

All the world over: 
Such deeds of majesty 
Won he most worthily, 
England to glorify. 

By the hand of fair heaven. 



56 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

His royal father dead, 

Curiously, curiously, 
Was he then wrapt in lead, 

As it appeareth: 
Such a tomb did he make 
For his sweet father's sake. 
As the whole world may speak 

Of his gallant glory. 

England's brave monument, 

Sumptuously, sumptuously, 
Kings and queens gave consent, 

To have it there graced. 
Henry the Eighth was he 
Builded in gallantry, 
With golden bravery, 

In this rich chapel. 

And after did provide. 

Carefully, carefully, ^^f -;»- 

To choose a princely bride, ^wu^^ 

For his laud's honour. 
His brother's widow he 
Married most lawfully, 
His loving wife to be, 

Royal Queen Katherine. 

Which queen he loved dear 

Many a day, many a day, 
Full two and twenty year. 

Ere they were parted. 



OF GOLDEN' ROSES. 57 

From this renowned dame 
Mary his daughter came, 
Yet did his bishops frame 
To have her divorced. 

"When as Queen Katherine knew 

How the king, how the king 
Prov'd in love most untrue, 

Thus to forsake her; 
Good Lord! what bitter woe 
Did this fair princess show, 
Unkindly thus to go 

From her sweet husband. 

" Oh! my kind sovereign deai*," 

Said the queen, said the queen, 
" Full two and twenty year 

Have I been married: 
Sure it will break my heart 
From thee now to depart, 
I ne'er play'd wanton's part, 

Royal King Henry!" 

All this availed nought, 

Woful queen, woful queen, 
A divorce being wrought, 

She must forsake him: 
Never more in his bed 
Laid she her princely head: 
"Was e'er wife so bestead, 

Like to Queen Katherine? 



58 



THE CROWN-GARLAND 



Amongst our Englishmen 
Of renown, of renown, 

The Earl of Wiltshire then 
Had a virtuous fair daughter. 

A brave and princely dame, 

Anna Bullein by name. 

This virgin was by fame 
Made wife to King Henry! 



Auna 
BuUeiu 

his second 
wife. 



From this same royal queen, 

Blessedly, blessedly, 
As it was known and seen, 

Came our sweet princess, 
England's Elizabeth, 
Fairest queen on the earth ; 
Happy made by her birth, 

Was this brave kingdom. 

When Anna Bullein's place 
Of a queen, of a queen, 

Had been for three years' space, 
More was her sorrow: 

Li the king's royal head 

Secret displeasure bred, 

That cost the queen her head 
In London's strong tower. 



Then took to wife Lady Jane, 

Lovingly, lovingly, 
That from the Seymours came, 

Nobly descended: 



Jane 
Seymour, 
bis third 

wife. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 59 

But her love bought she dear, 
She was but queen one year; 
]n child-bed she died, we hear. 
Of royal King Edward. 

England, then understand. 

Famously, famously, 
Princes three of this land 

Thus came from three queens: 
Katherine gave Mary birth; 
Anna, Ehzabeth; 
Jane, Edward by her death. 

All crowned in England. 

After these married he 

All in fame, all in fame, cievellfis 

AT n -!• '. fourth 

dame ot dignity, ,viie. 

Fair Ann of Cleves: 
Her sorrow soon was seen. 
Only six months a queen ! 
Graces but growing green, 

So quickly divorced. 

Yet liv'd she with grief to see, 

Wof ull queen ! wofuU queen ! 
Two more as well as she. 

Married unto King Henry. 
To enjoy love's delights 
On their sweet wedding niglits, 
Which were her proper rights; 

Mournful young princess ! 



sixth Wile. 



GO THE CROWN-GARLAND 

First a sweet gallant dame, 

Nobly born, nobly born, 
Which had unto her name 

Fair Katherine Howard: 
But ere two years were past. 
Disliking grew so fast, nt'ait Ms 

She lost her head at last: ^^'^ ''■"''^• 

Small time of glory! 

After her, Katherine Parr 

Made he queen, made he queen, p^n-^hu 
Late wife to Lord Latimer, 

Brave English baron ! 
This lady of renown 
Deserved not a frown. 
Whilst Henry wore his crown 

Of thrice famous England. 

Six royal queens you see. 

Gallant dames! gallant dames! 

At command married he, 
Like a great monarch. 

Yet lives his famous name 

Without spot or defame. 

From royal kings he came. 
Whom all the woi'ld feared. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 61 



TUK LAMKNTAHLE COMPI^VI.NT OF QXJKEN MARY FOK THE 

UNKIND DEPARTCRE OF KING PHILIP, IN WHOSE 

ABSENCE SHE FELL SICK, AND DIED. 

The tune is, "Crimson Velvet." 



Maby dotli complain; 

Ladies, be you moved 
With my lamentations 

And my bitter moans: 
Philip King of Spain, 

Whom in heart I loved, 
From his royal queen 

Unkindly now is gone. 
Upon my bed I lie. 
Sick and like to die: 

Help me, ladies, to lament! 
For in heart I bear, 
He loves a lady dear 

Better can his love content. 
Oh Philip! most unkind, 
Bear not such a mind, 

To leave the daughter of a king: 
Gentle Prince of Spain, 
Come, oh come again, 

And sweet content to thee I'll bring. 



62 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

For thy royal sake, 

This my country's danger, 
And my subjects' woes 

I daily do procure: 
My burning love to slake, 

Noble princely stranger! 
And the same to move, 

"Where it was settled sure. 
Divers in this land 

Against my foes did stand, 
Pawning their lives therefore: 

And for the same were slain. 
Gentle king of Spain ! 

Streets ran down with purple gore. 
Forty thousand men. 

All in armour then, 
This noble kingdom did provide 

To marry England's queen. 
Before thou shouldst be seen. 

Or I be made thy gallant bride. 

But now my great good will 

I see is not regarded ; 
And my favours kind 

Are here forgotten quite : 
My good is paid with ill, 

And with hatred rewarded: 
I, unhappy queen, 

Left here in woful plight. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 63 

On our English shore 

Never shall I more 
Thy comely personage behold; 

Nor upon the throne, 
Gloriously be shown 

In thy purple robes of gold. 
Oh! my heart is slain! 

Sorrow, care, and pain 
Dwell within my sobbing brest : 

Death approacheth near me, 
Because thou wilt not cheer me. 

Thou gallant king of all the west! 

Those jewels, and those rings, 

And that golden treasure, 
First to win my love. 

Thou broughtest out of Spain ; 
Now unto me bring 

No delight, no pleasure, 
But a sorrowful tear, 

Which ever will remain: 
Thy picture when I see, 

Much amazeth me, 
Causeth tears amain to flow: 

The substance being gone. 
Pleasures I have none, 

But lamenting sighs of woe: 
The chair of state adorned, 

Seems as if it mourned, 
Binding up mine eyes with weeping: 



64 THE CROWN'-GARLAND 

And wlien that I [am] led 
Unto my marriage bed, 

Sorrow keeps me still from sleeping. 

Come, you ladies kind! 

Bring my gown of sable, 
For I now must mourn 

The " jsence of my lord : 
You see my love-sick mind 

Is no longer able 
To endure the sting 

Of Cupid's pricking sword: 
My dying heart doth rest 
In Philip's princely breast, 

My bosom keeps no heart at all: 
But ever will abide, 
In secret by his side ; 

And follow him through bower and hall. 
Though I live disdained. 
Yet my love unfeigned 

Shall remain both chaste and pure. 
And evermore shall prove 
As constant as the dove, 

And thus shall Mary still endure. 

Ring out my dying knell. 

Ladies so renowned! 
For your queen must die, 

And all her pomp forsake ; 
England, now farewell! 



OF GOLDEN ROSKS. 65 

For the fates have frowned, 
And now ready stand 

My breathing life to take: 
Consume with speed to air, 
Fading ghost is fair, 

With my milk -wings go fly: 
Where, sitting on the throne, 

Let my love be shown, 
That for his sake is foi'c'd to die. 

Be for ever blessed, 

Though I die distressed, 
Gallant king of high renown! 

The queen now bi'oken-lieartcd, 
From this world is parted. 

In the heavens to wear a crown. 



THE BATTLE OF AGINCOURT, BETWEEN THE ENGLISHMEN 
AND FRENCHMEN. 



The tune is, " Flying Fame. 



A COUNCIL grave our king did hold 
With many a lord and knight, 

That they may truly understand 
That France did hold his ri^ht. 



66 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

Unto the king of France therefore 

Ambassadors were sent 
That he might fully understand 

His mind and his intent. 

Desiring him in friendly wise 

His lawful right to yield, 
Or else he vowed by dint of sword 

To win the same in field. 

The king of France, with all his lords 
Which heard his message plain, 

Unto our brave ambassadors 
Did answer in disdain. 

And feign'd our king was yet too young, 

And of too tender age ; 
Therefore we weigh not of his wars, 

Nor fear not his courage. 

His knowledge is, in feat of arms, 

As yet but very small ; 
His tender joints more fitter were 

To toss a tennis ball. 

A tun of tennis-balls therefore, 

In pride and great disdain, 
He sent unto our noble king, 

To recompense his pain. 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 67 

Which answer when our king did hear, 

He waxed wrath in heart, 
And said he would such balls provide 

Should make all France to smart. 

An army then our king did raise, 

"Which was both good and strong, 
And from Southampton is our king 

With all his navy gone. 

In France he landed safe and sound, 

With all his warlike train, 
Unto the town Harfleur next 

He marched up amain. 

But when he had besieg'd the same, 

Against the fenced walls 
To batter down their stately towers 

He sent his English balls. 

This done, our noble English king 

March'd up and down the land. 
And not a Frenchman for his life 

Durst once his force withstand: 

Until he came to Agincourt, 

Whereas it was his chance 
To find the king in readiness. 

With all his power in France. 



68 THE CROWN-GARLAND 

A miglity host he had prepar'd 

Of armed souldiers then, 
Which were no less, by just account. 

Than forty thousand men. 

Which sight did much amaze our king, 

For he and all his host 
Not passing fifteen thousand had 

Accounted with the most. 

The king of France, which well did know 

The number of our men, 
In vaunting pride unto our prince 

Did send a herald then 

To understand what he would give 

For ransom of his life. 
When they in field had taken him. 

Amidst their bloody strife. 

And then our king with cheerful heart 

This answer soon did make, 
And said, " before this comes to pass, 

Some of your hearts shall quake! 

And to your proud presumptuous prince 
Declare this thing," quoth he, 

" Mine own heart-blood shall pay the price, 
None else he gets of me!" ^ 



OF GOLDEN ROSES. 69 

With that bespoke the Duke of York, 

" O noble king," quoth he, 
" The leading of this battle brave 

Vouchsafe to give to me!" 

" God a mercy, cousin York," quoth he, 

" I grant thee thy re(iuest ; 
Then march thou on couragiously, 

And I will lead the rest." 

Then came the bragging Frenchmen down, 

With cruel force and might. 
With wliom our noble king began 

A hard and cruel fight. 

The archers they discharg'd their shafts 

So thick as hail from sky, 
That many a Frenclnnun in the field 

That happy day did die. 

The horsemen tumbled on the stakes. 

And so their lives they lost, 
And many a Frenchman there was ta'en 

As prisoners to their cost. 

Ten thousand men that day were slain 

Of enemies in the field, 
And as many prisoners 

T^at day were forc'd to yield. 



70 THE CROWN-GARLAND. 

Thus had our king a happy day, 
And victory over France, 

And brought them quickly under foot 
That late in pride did prance. 

The Lord preserve our noble king, 
And grant to him likewise, 

The upper hand and victory 
Of all his enemies! 



NOTES. 



p. 1. — Anne, Queen of James I, died at Hampton Court 
on the 1st of Alaicli, 1618-lJ), according to our coniputiition, 
and tliis song must have been written immediately after her 
death. It was reprinted in the third volume of " A Collection 
of Old Ballads," second edition, 1738. There are many 
inaccuracies in that copy, but it serves, nevertheless, to restore 
some passages in this. 

P. 2, last line but two—" Of royal mind."'] This line is 
omitted in the Crown Garland, but is found in the other copy. 

P. 3, 1. 3.—" Oh! let my care- full eyes."] In the old bal- 
lads, " Oh ! let my ireful cries." 

P. 3, 1. 12. — So none can comfort ?«e."] In old ballads, 
" That none can comfort me," which is probably the correct 
reading. 

P. 3, 1. 17.— In the Crown Garland it stands thus, "Who 
spent their days," and in the 21st line the "n" is omitted in 
" adorn'dy 

P. 3, last line but one. — In the Crown Garland it is " So 
at that race," and in the old ballads, " So as that race." 

P. 6. — The first song was sung to the tune of " In sad and 
ashy weeds," which was once very popular, although now un- 
known. It is supposed that the words are only to be found in 
this collection. 



72 NOTES. 

P. 8, 1. 0. — The original reads, " What ditti/ to supply." 

P. 10, 1. 1. — In the original, " To all the world of show." 

P. 10, 1. 6. — Hath been delightful to thine ear.'] The three 
last words are added to complete the measure. The line is 
defective in the original. 

P. 12. — Deloney's ballad of Fair Rosamond has been 
reprinted by the Percy Society in " Strange Histories, (1007). 
That is the earliest and most authentic copy, but there are 
some errors in it that may be corrected from this ; such as, 
" And falling down all in a sound," for " swound," i.e. swoon ; 
" My Rose in robes and pearls of gold,^' for " My Rose in 
robes of pearl and gold," &c. 

" Flying Fame" was the tune to which " Chevy Chace," 
and many other ballads were sung. See " National English 
Airs," p. 1. 

P. 20.— The ballad of the " Duchess of Suffolk's Calam- 
ity" is also printed in " Strange Histories." There are many 
verbal differences in this copy. Another will be found in the 
Roxburgh Collection, vol. i. p. 94, and in the Bagford Col- 
lection, British Museum. 

P. 20, last line. — " At Worcester eke good Hooper died."] 
This should be, " At Gloucester," &c., as in " Strange His- 
tories." 

P. 26 — Instead of the two last lines, we have, in " Strange 
Histories," — 

" For whose life and prosperity 
We may praise God coutinually," 

which prove the ballad to have been written during the reign 
of Elizabeth, although that edition was printed four years 
after her death. 

P. 27. — Another, but inferior copy of this ballad will be 
found in "A Collection of Old Ballads," vol. ii. p. 92. The 
tune of " Fortune my foe,'' called the hanging tune, from the 



NOTES. 78 

uumber of " last dying speeches and confessions" that were 
sung to it, will be found in " National English Airs," vol. i. 
p. 33, and the words in the Bagford Collection, Brit. Mus. 

P. 31, 1. 6. — The last word, " strains," is taken from the copy 
in the Collection of Old Ballads, instead of " veins," as in the 
Crown Garland, which belongs to the line above. 

P. 34. — " Fair Angel of England.''] A copy of this bal- 
lad is in the Bagford Collection, British Museum, " Printed 
for W. O., and are to be sold by the booksellers of Pye 
Corner, and London Bridge;" black letter ; another in the 
Roxburgh Collection, vol. i. p. b8. The tune " Bonny sweet 
Robin," will be found in the " National English Airs." 

P. 39.— The story of " 111 May-Day."] This ballad is to 
be found in " The Collection of Old Ballads," vol. iii. p. 54. 
It has been reprinted by Evans, and in the " Songs of the 
London Prentices and Trades." The tune of " Essex's good 
night" will be found in Elizabeth Rogers' " Virginal Book,'' 
MS., in the British ]Museum. 

P. 43, last line but four. — " Or strains of manhood, any 
ways."] This should be " or stains of manhood, as in the copy 
in the " Collection of Old Ballads." 

P. 50. — When as the King of England died.'] This ballad 
is also to be found in the " Collection of Old Ballads," (vol. 
iii. p. 131), and it is reprinted with many others from the same, 
in Evans's excellent Collection. There is a ballad begin- 
ning, " When Edward was in England king," in the Rox- 
burgh Collection. 

P. 52, V. 2, 1. 1. — In the Old Ballads this line stands thus : 
— " The Cardinal then, all in haste," which is more metrical. 

P. 52, V. 3, 1. 5. — Evans corrects the name "James Dig- 
gens" to " John Dighton," quoting from Hollinshed. 

P. 55. — When England fame did ring.] This ballad is 
also to be found in Old Ballads, vol. iii. p. 72. The ballad of 



74 NOTES. 

" Welladay," to the tune of which it was sung, is reprinted by 
Mr. Collyer. Vide " Old Ballads" printed for the Percy So- 
ciety. The tune is preserved in an ancient Lute Book, (Wil- 
liam Ballet's), in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. 

P. 65, 1. 5 and 6. — " Fading ghost is fair, 

With my milk wings go fly." 

In the " Collection of Old Ballads," vol. iii. p. 90, these 
lines vary, and are more intelligible : — 

" Fading gbost prepare 
With my milk-wings to fly." 

P. 65.—" The Battle of Agincourt."] This ballad is to be 
found in the " Collection of Old Ballads," and in Evans's 
Collection. In both copies the last verse but three is omitted. 



FINIS. 



LONDON: 
RICHARDS, PUINTER, ST. MARTIN'S LANE. 



FOLLIE'S ANATOMIE : 



SatgiejS ^ SatgrtcaU €tJtgramjS 



HENRY HUTTON, DUNELMENSIS. 



FKOM THE OKIGINAL TRACT 
PRINTED IN IGIO. 



EDITED BY 



EDWARD F. RIMBAULT, ESQ. F.S.A. 



LONDON : 
REPRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY. 



MUCCCXLU. 



COUNCIL 

OP 

President. 
The Rt. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S, Treas. S.A. 

AVILLIAM HENRY BLACK, Esq. 

J. A. CAHUSAC, Esq. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL, Esq. F.S.A., Treasurer. 

J. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.I.A. 

PETER CUNNINGHAM, Esq. 

REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 

WILLIAM JERDAN, Esq. F.S.A., M.R.S.L. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., F.R S., F.S.A. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R S., F.S.A. 

E. F. RIMBAULT, Esq. F.S.A. Secretary. 

WILLIAM I. THOMS, Esq. F.S.A. 

JAMES WALSH, Esq. F.S.A. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S.A. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The "Satyresand Satyricall Epigrams'" reprinted 
in the following pages, are the only known pro- 
ductions of Henry Hutton. He was a caustic 
and vivid \\Titer, and has sketched with some 
humour a picture of the habits and manners of 
his time. Many of his observations were drawn 
from passing events ; and the incidental notices 
of Sir John Harington, Tom Coryat, Taylor the 
water-poet, and George Wither, form not the 
least interesting portions of his work. 

According to Wood {Athenw^ ii. 277) he was 
born " in the county palatine of Durham, of an 
antient and genteel family ;"" passed some time 
at Oxford, " either as hospes or aularian ; but 
minding the smooth parts of poetry and romance 
more than logic, departed as it seems without a 
degree." 

Many scattered notices of the Hutton family 
may be found in Surtees' " History and Antiqui- 
ties of the County Palatine of Durham," but I 



VI 

do not clearly trace among them the author of 
" Follie's Anatomie." Henry Hutton, A.M., 
" perpetual curate of Witton Gilbert," may how- 
ever be the same person. He was the fifth son 
of Edward Hutton, " Batchelor of Civil Law and 
Bailiff of Duresme," and survived till the year 
1671. The inscription in the parish church of 
Witton Gilbert, where he was buried, does not 
mention his age, but merely informs us that he 
died on the 24th of April in that year. 

Supposing my conjecture to be correct, it may 
in some measure account for his retirement 
from the profession of an author. In the " Post- 
script to the Affecting Printer," appended to the 
following pages, he promised " ere long" to pro- 
duce a work " in folio," but nothing of the kind 
is known to have appeared. That he did not 
write for gain, may be inferred from his address 
" To the worthily honored Knight, Sir Timothy 
Hutton :" in which he says, 

" Value my verse according to her worth : 
No mercenary hope hath brought her forth. 
Times puny penny-wits I loathing hate ; 
Though poore, I'me pure from such a servile state." 

The address " To the Reader" by " his Kins- 
man," and signed R. H., was in all probability his 
elder brother, Ralph Hutton, " barrister-at-law." 
The latter died in the year 1638; and as the 



vn 

agres of the brothers could not have differed ma- 
terially, we may safely conclude that Henry Hutton 
must have been much advanced in life in 1671, 
the period of his decease. This may go far to 
confirm my conjecture, that the curate of Witton 
Gilbert and the author of " Follie's Auatomie" 
may be one and the same. 



FOLLIES ANATOMIE : 



SATYRES 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS, 

^VTTH A COMPENDIOUS HISTORY 
OF IXION'S WHEELE. 



COMPILED BY 



HENRY HUTTON, DUNELMENSIS. 



LONDON : 

Printed for Mathew Walbanke, and are to be sold at his 
Shop at Graies-Inne Gate. 

1619. 



TO THE READER, 



UPON THE A0TUOH HIS KINS-MAX. 



Old Homer in his time made a great feast, 

And every Poet was thereat a guest : 

All had their welcome ; yet not all one fare ; 

To them abo\e the salt (his chiefest cai'e) 

He spewd a banquet of choise Poesie, 

Whereon they fed even to satietie. 

The lower end had from that end their cates, 

For Homer, setting open his dung-gates, 

Delivered from that dresser excrement, 

Whereon they glutted, and returnd in print. 

Let no man wonder that I this rehearse ; 

Nought came from Homer but it turnd to verse. 

Now where our Author was, at this good cheer e ; 

Where was his place ; or whether he were there ; 

"VYli ether he waited ; or he tooke away; 

Of this same point I cannot soothly say; 

But thus I ghesse : being then a dandiprat, 

Some witty Poet tooke him in his lap 

And fed him, from above, with some choice bit : 

Hence his Acumen, and a ready wit. 

b2 



But prayses fi-om a friendly pen ill thrive, 
And truth's scarce truth, spoke by a relative. 
Let envy therefore give her vote herein : 
Envy and th' Author sure are nought a-kin. 
He personate bad Envy : yet say so, 
He lickt at Homers mouth, not from below. 



R. H. 



AD LECTORES. 



To stand on tei'ms 'twere vain, by hook and crook, 

One terme, I was defrauded of a booke. 

Now, readers, your assistance I must crave 

To play at noddy; to turne up a knave. 

My foe at tick-tack playes exceeding well : 

For beai-ing, (sirs,) beleeve't, he bears the bell. 

He's of a blood-hounds kinde, because his nose 

Utters each new-made sent ; be't verse or prose. 

Covdd ye attache this felon in's disgrace 

I would not bate an inch, (not Boltons ace,) 

To baite, deride, nay ride this silly asse ; 

I would take paines he should not scot-free passe. 

All filching knaves, (be't spoken as a trope,) 

Will once be plaide, displayed by a rope : 

And be this proud disperser of stole workes 

Once caught, (that now in clanks and corners lurks ;) 

Lest he delude some kinde affecting scholler, 

Pray have him twiched in a hempen coller : 

Once burnt ith' hand, he will example give 

To such times turue-coats as by filching live. 



TO 
THE WORTHILY HONOR'd KNIGHT, 

SIR TIMOTHY HUTTON. 



Noblest of raindes, imknowue, I would invite 

Rich Pyrrhus to accept a Codrus mite. 

My lame-legd muse nere dome Pernassus mount, 

Nor drunke the juice of Aganippe's fount : 

Yet doth aspire with Dedall's wings, appeale 

To you, sole patron of our common weale. 

The foule maskt lady, Night, which blots the skie. 

Hath but one Phoebe, fever-shaking eye : 

Olympus azure clime, one golden light, 

Which drownes the starry curtaine of the night : 

And my rude muse (which satyrists would rend) 

One generous, grave, patronizing friend. 

You this Maecenas are ; peruse my writ, 

And use these Metroes of true meaning wit : 

Command ; commend them not : such humile ai't 

Disclaimes applause, demerits no desert. 

Value my verse according to her worth : 

No mercenai'y hope hath brought her forth. 

Times puny penny-wits I loathing hate. 

Tliough poore, I'me pure, from such a servile state. 



8 

These workes (fram'd on the anvile of my braine,) 
My free borne muse, enfranchise from such shame ! 
In which hirge calender timists may view 
I onely writ to please the world, and you. 

Your worships friend 

Nomine et re, 

Henry Huttot 



SATYEES. 



I URGE no time, with whipt, stript satyrs lines, 
With furies scourge, whipping depraved times. 
My muse (tho' ft-aught) with such shall not begin 
T' uncase, unlace the centiuell of sin : 
Yet let earths vassailes, pack-horse unto shame. 
Know I could lash their lewdnesse, evill fame ; 
Reade them a lecture should their vice imprint 
With sable lines in the obdured flint ; 
Their mappes of knavery and shame descry- 
In lively colours, with a sanguine die ; 
And teU a tale should touch them to the quick ; 
Shold make them staitle ; fain themselves cap-sick 
But that no patron dare, or will, maintaine 
The awfuU subject of a satyre's vaine. 



A\'hat have we here ? a mirror of this age 
Acting a comicks part upon the stage. 
What gallant's this? his nature doth unfold 
Him to be framed in Phantastc.'> mold. 



10 SATYRES. 

Lo how he jets; how sterne he shewes his face, 
Whiles from the wall he passengers doth chase. 
Muse, touch not this man, nor his life display, 
Ne with sharpe censure gainst his vice invey : 
For, sith his humor can no jesting brooke, 
He will much lesse endure a satyre's booke. 
Beshrew me, sirs, I durst not stretch the streete. 
Gaze thus on conduits scrowls, base vintners beat, 
Salute a mad-dame with a french cringe grace, 
Greete with " God-dam-me," a confronting face, 
Court a rich widow, or my bonnet vaile, 
Converse with banki'upt mercers in the gaile. 
Nor in a metro shew my Cupide's fire. 
Being a french-poxt ladies apple-squire ; 
Lest taxing times (such folly being spide) 
With austere satyres should my vice deride. 
Nere breath, I durst not use my mistresse fan. 
Or walke attended with a hackney-m_an. 
Dine with Duke Humfrey in decayed Paules, 
Confound the streetes with chaos of old braules, 
Dancing attendance on the Black -friers stage. 
Call for a stoole with a commanding rage, 
Nor in the night time ope my ladies latch, 
Lest I were snared by th' all-seeing watch : 
Which critick knaves, with lynxes pearcing eye. 
Into mens acts observantly do prye. 



Muse, shew the rigour of a satyres art, 
In harsh sarcasmes, dissonant and smart. 



SATYRES. 1 1 

First, to you masse of humors, puffe of wincle, 

WHiich, polipe-like, doth enterchange his mind. 

Note how this Timist, scratching of his pate. 

Invents a fable to advance his state, 

Venting a legend of man, divells lies, 

Wliich in the eares of potentates must flie. 

See how he squares it, takes a private stand, 

To Gnathonize, to act it with his hand. 

Behold his gesture and his brazen face, 

How stoutely he doth manage his disgrace. 

Lo ! how he whispers in his masters eare ; 

In's closet tattles, lest the servants heare ; 

AVinkes of an eye, and laughs his lord to scorne, 

By his attractive fingers making homes. 

His swimming braine thus being brought to bed, 

As motives to his wit, he rubs his head : 

Then like a ledger at the tables end, 

Takes place for an invited friend ; 

Applauding in discourse his masters speech, 

Admiring's vertu, ore the pot doth preach : 

Inveies 'gainst ding-thrifts that their lands have spent, 

Detesting ryot more then thin cheekt Lent : 

Censures base whoredome, with a mustard face. 

With a sowre pis-pot visage doth disgrace 

A rufiled boote ; and will in no case stand 

In view of a (sir reverence) yellow band. 

He rayles on musick, pride, and wines excesse, 

And from an organ -pipe himselfe doth blesse ; 

Abhorres a sattin suit, or velvet cloake, 

And sayes tobaccho is the divcUs smoake; 



] 2 SATYRES. 

The thought of To. his intrailes more dotli gi'ipe 
Then physicks art, or a strong glister-pipe. 
Go tell this slave his vices shall not passe, 
Such craftie colts must feele the satyres lash. 
The lyons skinne awhile may shade the ape: 
But yet his worship shall not scot-free scape. 
Though he seeme nice, demeane himself demure, 
The world perceives this sycophant's impure. 
His harpies face, dissembling syrens voyce. 
Which in each corner make a whistling noyce. 
Cannot be sconced with each male pretence. 
Nor blind the world with some mis-constru'd sense. 
We know his thoght concurs not with his word : 
His mouth speaks peace, his hart intends a sword. 
None can discerne whence Titan fram'd this mold 
Which, Gnato like, doth blowe both hot and cold. 
O subtle tyrant, whose corroding hate. 
Deprives both life, and consummates the state 
Of senselesse noddies, who repose in rest, 
Foster hot embers, serpents in their brest ; 
Which, sparkling flames, t' accomplish vain desire. 
Makes fooles, their subiects, fuell to the fire ; 
And like the viper, fraught with spleenefull maw. 
The intralls of their patrons states doe gnaw. 
Next, lets survey the letchers obscene shame. 
Rouse him from's squat, pursuing of the game. 
Tracing each footestep by his fresh made sent. 
And pinch him with a scandald soule, impure, 
Note him with Theta for ay to endure. 



SATYRES, ] 3 

"Wilt please you view this monster in his glasse ? 

It best discovers a phantastick asse. 

See how, Narcissus like, the foole doth doate, 

Viewing his picture and his guarded coate ; 

And with what grace, bold actor like he speakes, 

Having his beard precisely cut i'th' peake ; 

How neat's mouchatoes do a distance stand, 

Lest they disturbe his lips, or saffron band : 

How expert he's ; with what attentive care 

Doth he in method place each stragling haire. 

This idle idoll doth bestow his wit 

In being spruce, in making's ruffe to sit : 

His daies endeauours are to be compleate, 

To use his vestures nitid and facete : 

For vulgar oathes, he raps forth blood and heart, 

As coadjutors in the wenching art : 

In's frizled periwig, with bended brow, 

Sweares at each word for to confirm his vow. 

He holds an oath's the ornamentall grace 

Of veniall discourse, befitting's place ; 

And doth maintaine, in's humor, to be drunk 

Is the preparative to love a punke ; 

A pipe of To. th' indulgence of his brains, 

Using potatoes to preserve the raines. 

Pale horned Luna, sister to darke night. 

In Venus sport he useth for a light ; 

Thinking earth's sable mantle hides his shame. 

Deprives the terror of swift winged fame. 

Wlien darknesse doth eclipse Don Phoebus raies, 

When nights vast terror hath expelld the daies, 



14 SATYRES. 

Then doth this subject pase it to Pickt-hatch, 
Shore-ditch, or Turneball, in despite o'th' watch ; 
And there reposing on his mistrisse lap, 
Beg some fond favour, be't a golden cap : 
Plaies witli her plume of feathers or her fan. 
Wishing he were accepted for her man ; 
And then at large in ample tearmes doth showe 
His Cupids dart and much endured woe. 
Desiring cure to salve his languisht care, 
T' expell the willow -garland of despaire : 
And, that he may obtaine his lust, compares 
Her eyes to starres, to amber her pounct hayres ; 
Equalls her hand to cignets purest white. 
Which in Mfeanders streames do take delight ; 
Her sanguine blush, and ruby painted mold. 
Unto Aurora's red, rich Indies gold. 
Having earth's weaker vassaile overcome, 
He bribes a Pandar with some trifling sum ; 
Doth frolike with the musick in this vaine, 
Hearing the diapason of their straine. 
Perhaps hee'l cut a caper, neately prance. 
And with his curtail some odde gaUiard dance ; 
Then glutted with his lust make quick dispatch, 
Pretending hee's in danger of the watch : 
So taking vale till some other night. 
Must be conducted by a tapers light 
Along the streete to his polluted cell, 
Whei-e this vile letcher doth inhabit, dwell. 
He thinkes the secret quietnesse of night. 
Which with phantasmes doth possesse each sprite, 



SATYRES. 

Is a safe shelter to conceale his fact. 

Having no witnesse to record his act. 

stupid foole ! the Heavens al-seeing eye 

Beholds thy base frequented infamy ; 

And will repay thee treble, with a pox, 

For the night -hanting of base Shoreditch smocks. 



All haile Tom Tospot ! welcome to the coast ! 

"Wliat Paris news canst brag of, or make host ? 

Thy phisnomie bewraies thou canst relate 

Some strange exploits attempted in the state. 

I know th' hast courted Venus-lusting dames, 

'Twas thy intent when thou tookst ship on Thames. 

Let's sympathize thy hap ; enjoy some sport : 

Wliat art thou sencelesse, dead-di'unk, all a mort ? 

Gallants, this abject object which you see, 

Is an old picture of gentilitie. 

With Coriat he travell'd hath by land 

To see Christs crosse, the tree where Judas haugd. 

Divelin and Amsterdam his sea crab pase, 

With other countries moe, did often trace. 

Earth's circled orbe he frequent trudged ; went 

With lesse expences then Tom Odcombe spent : 

With fewei' cloaths, thogh furnisht with mo shifts 

With sparing diet ; fewe received gifts. 

Tom had one payre of stockins, shooes, one suite ; 

But Tospots case Tom Coxcombs doth confute ; 

For he has travell'd aU Earths globe a-foote. 

Without whole cloathes, good stockin, shooe or boote. 



1 6 SATYRES. 

His ragged journall, I benione, condole ; 
Yet (God be thankt) he is return'd all-hole. 
Tom had assistants, as his bookes report, 
But Tospot travell'd voide of all consort ; 
Having no creature with him whiles he slept, 
Or walkt ; but such as in his bosome crept. 
Tospot detests all cloaths, hates new found forme, 
Unless it were no cloaths at all were worne. 
Which method (I dare say) he would observe, 
Goe naked with his com-ragges, beg, and sterve. 
He is no boasting Thraso which will vant 
Of his adventures, penui'ie, and scant ; 
Yet, if you please to reade my slender Muse, 
I shall describe the humor he doth use. 
Tobaccho, bottle -ale, hot pippin -pies ; 
Such traffique, merchandize, he daily buies. 
With belly-timber he doth cram his gut, 
With double jugges doth his Orexis glut, 
Sweares a " God-dam-me" for the tapsters shottes, 
And may pledge no health lesse then with two pots. 
He has a sword to pawne in time of neede, 
A perfect beggers phrase, wherewith to pleade 
For maintenance, when his exhausted store 
Is profuse lavisht on some pockie whore. 
Tibornes triangle trees will be the thing. 
Must send this knave to Heavens in a string. 



SATYRES. 1 7 

MouNSiER Bravado, are you come t'out-face, 

With your mouchatoes, gallants of such place ? 

Pack hence ! it is an humor to contend, 

In a bravado, with your neerest friend. 

Wee'l not contest or squabble for a wall. 

Nor yet point field, though you us vassailes call. 

Invent some other subject to employ 

Your gilded blade, your nimble footed boy. 

Correct your frizled locks, and in your glasse 

Behold the picture of a foolish asse : 

Barter your lowsie sutes for present gaine, 

Unto a broker in rich Birchin lane : 

Compile a sonnet of your mistrisse glove : 

Copy some odes t' expresse conceited love. 

Ride with your sweet-heart in a hackney coach, 

Pick quarrells for her sake, set fraies on broach : 

Use musicks hai*mony (which yeelds delight) 

Under your ladies window in the night : 

Stretch with a plume, and cloak wrapt under th' arm, 

Yong gallants glories soone will ladies charme. 

S' foot walke the streets : in cringing use your wits : 

Survey your love, which in her window sits. 

Black-Friers, or the Palace-garden beare. 

Are subjects fittest to content your cai-e ; 

An amorous discourse, a poets wit. 

Doth humor best your melancholy fit. 

The Globe to morow acts a pleasant play, 

In hearing it consume the irkesome day. 

Goe take a pipe of To. ; the crowded stage 

Must needs be graced with you and your page. 



] 8 SATYRES. 

Sweare for a place with each controlling foole, 
And send your hackney servant for a stoole. 
Or if your mistrisse fi'owne, seeme malecontent, 
Then let your Muse be cloistred up, ypent. 
Be love-sicke, and harsh madrigalls expresse, 
That she may visit you in such distresse. 
I'me sure you have some pamphlet, idle toy, 
Which you rate high, esteeme a matchlesse joy. 
Where's your tobacco box, your Steele and touch ? 
Roarers respect, and value these too much. 
Where is your larum watch, your Turkies rings, 
Muske-comfits, bracelets, and such idle things? 
Y'are nak't as Adam if you have not these, 
And your endeavours cannot ladies please. 
If you the gallants title will assume, 
Goe use th' apothecarie for perfume, 
Weare eare-rings, jewels, cordivant's strong sent, 
Which comely ornaments dame Nature lent. 
Fy, fy : you are to blame, which times misspend ; 
That for a trifling cost will lose a friend. 
Do not contend in each frequented lane. 
With evere idle coxcombe, busie braine : 
But your Minervaes industry employ, 
Your ladies golden tresses to enjoy. 
Record your name in some rich mercers note. 
That tradesmen may come pull you by the coate. 
And in th' abysse of vintners chalked score, 
Shipwrack good fortune, run thy state on shoare. 
Dive in mechanicks books, till in the streete 
Seargeants arrest, convey thee to the Fleete, 



SATYRES. 19 

And there in durance cag'd, consume with woe, 
Beg with a purse, and sing Fortune^ s my foe. 



Write, poetaster : fy for shame, your dayes 
Wil dy without remembrancers of praise. 
'Tis pitty such a pregnant witty verse 
Should be intombed in the fatall herse. 
Confine your muse some ti-actates to compile, 
In scanned meti-e, or condigner stile ; 
That earth's milde censure may applauding blaze 
Your Phoenix quill with volleys of great prayse. 
Why art so slowe ? the trophies will bee lost, 
Unlesse you wright all fortunes shall be crost. 
What, canst thy stile prohibit ? gazing mute, 
Wliere earth's contending for the golden fruite. 
You vilifie your selfe with endlesse shame, 
Imposing scandall to each poets name. 
I grieve he should be silent, in despite 
Of all the Muses which sarcasmies write. 
He doth resemble minstrells in each thing, 
Invited once, hee'l neyther play, nor sing. 
Unbidden, will invey against each friend, 
Incessant write great volumes without end. 
The amorist which doth your wardrobe keepe. 
Admires your sluggish Muse is yet asleepe. 
He should a riming madrigall compose ; 
And wanting you, must tell his griefs in prose. 

c2 



20 SATYRES, 

The wenches they exclayme, cry out, and call 

For poetasters workes extemporall. 

The alehouse tippler, he protests your Muse 

Greatly dishonours him with grosse abuse, 

Infringing promise : which you lately made, 

Concerning libells, that should touch the trade. 

He gave you earnest after you were wooed, 

A dozen of strong liquor he bestowed 

To bathe your muse, to make your fluent vaine 

Apt to despise a satyres taxing braine. 

The idle minstrell, he cries out of wrong. 

Because you doe his sonnets still prolong. 

You injure much his treble squeaking note. 

Deprives him of the townships armes, red coate ; 

Such wrongs may not passe free : invent a theam, 

Eouze up your muse from her conceited dreame. 

Give him a cup of ale, a pipe of To. : 

And let him to his private study go. 

Hee'l breake a jest, when he has drunke a glasse, 

Which shal for currant mongst the tapsters passe. 

And rime to any word you can propound. 

Although a metre for it nei'e were found. 

Wright panegyricks in the praise of s friend, 

Make compleat verses, on his fingers end. 

He has a subject he did late invent. 

Will shame the riming sculler, Jack a Lent. 

'Tis writ in print ; perhaps you'l see't anon, 

'Twas made of Robin Hood and little John : 

'Twil be discovered er't be long, and ly 

Under the bottome of a pippin-py, 



SATYRES, 21 

Be pind to capons backs to shroude the heate, 
Fixt to some solid joynt of table meate. 
Wish it be put to no worse service then 
To shelter the scorcht caponet or hen. 
I pray't may have such office, worthy place, 
Yet feares't must suffer vile rebuke, disgrace. 
Jack out of office, wee't ere long shall finde, 
'Ith house of office, being mew'd, confinde. 
Well though it be, yet for the Muses sakes, 
Hee'l pen a pithie tractacte of A-jax. 
I wish he would reserve A-jax in minde, 
TwiU serve but for A-jax and come behinde. 
For men adjudge the volumes of this foole 
Worthie no chayre, scarce to deserve the stoole. 
Let cease the clamor of thy hotchpot verse. 
The stupid pots, or sencelesse streetes to pearce. 
The doggrell discord of thy long legd rime, 
Defameth poets, scandalize the time. 
Your mock-verse muse deserveth nought but fire, 
The beggers' whipstock, or the gallowes hire. 
In silence spend the reliques of your dayes : 
For being mute you wiU attaine most prayse. 
Avoide each satyres lash, censures of times, 
Which doe deriding read pot -poets rimes. 



I 



The craue-throate hell of this depraved age, 
P^arths belly-god, let's view upon the stage. 



I 



22 SATYRES. 

See how the squadron of his full fraught panch 
Out-squares the straightnes of his narrow hanch ; 
Making his stumppes supporters to upholde 
This masse of guttes, this putrefied molde. 
His belly is a cisterne of receit, 
A grand confounder of demulcing meate. 
A sabariticke sea, a depthlesse gulfe, 
A sencelesse vulture, a corroding wolfe. 
Behold this Helluo, how he doth glut. 
Fill (like a wallet) his immeasurde gut. 
Cramming his stomack with uncessant loade, 
Like a stuft bladder, hate's big swelling toade ; 
And rammes his panch, that bottomlesse abysse, 
As if to glut were legall, promis'd blisse. 
All's fish that comes to net, this harpy's tooth 
Eates what's within the compasse of his mouth. 
His table-taike hates hunger, more then vice, 
Railes against fortune, cheating, cards, and dice, 
Envies 'gainst actors, taxing such as fight. 
Or in tobacco doe repose delight, 
And thousand subjects mo exactly scannes, 
Ray ling on cloakebagge breeches, yellow bands ; 
Wishing the fencing-schooles might be supprest. 
And all save belly-timber doth detest. 
This large discourse his gluttony doth cloake, 
Are motives his Orexis to provoke. 
Which being fraught, till sences are a mort, 
At noone tide to concoct he takes a snort. 
His drowsie sences hudwinkt in a cap, 
Leaning upon his chaire do take a nap. 



SATYRES. 23 

Couferre his belly with his lower part, 

And you'l adjudge danie Natures rarest art 

Made not this bulke, infusing life, or blood, 

In such unsquared timber, unheawn wood. 

He's more misshapen tlien Crete's monstrous sin, 

Deformed both without, and eke within. 

His circled panch, is barrell like, rotound, 

Like earths vast concaves hollow and profound. 

His hanches which are lockt as in some box. 

With the straight compasse of a par a-dox, 

He doth into so little compasse bring. 

As if they should be drawne through Gyges ring, 

So that he seemes as if black Vulcans art 

Of diverse fossiles had compil'd each part ; 

As if some taylor had bound on with points, 

Nero's great belly, to starv'd Midas joynts. 

I could dicipher this huge map of shame, 

And lively pourtrait his abhorred name, 

Wer't not that criticks would debase, revile. 

Censure the sharpnesse of a satyres stile. 

'Tis shame, such vipers, all devouring hell. 

Should be indured in our coasts to dwell. 

We can frame nothing of such naughtie earth. 

Except a storehouse in the time of dearth ; 

Or beg this minotaure, when he doth die, 

T' make dice oFs bones, or an anatomie. 

Ee therefore leave him in his pan-warm'd bed, 

Resting on's pillow his distempr'd head. 

Wer't not for censures, I should make him prance. 

Skip at the satyre's lash, leade him a dance. 



24 SATYRES. 

Unrip his bowels, and anatomize 
Plis filthy intrailes, which he doth much prize. 
But taxing times such projects doe confute, 
Silence sterne satyres, wai'nes them to be mute. 
The golden dayes are chang'd when foxes sins 
Passe scot-free, marching in the lyons skins ; 
When corrupt times may complot wrong or right, 
"Without controule of contradicting might. 



My treatise next must touch (thogh somewhat late) 

A woman creature most insatiate. 

See this incarnate monster of her sex 

Play the virago, unashamde, perplext. 

See Omphale, her effeminated king, 

Basely captive ; make him doe any thing. 

Her whole discourse is of Guy Warwick's amies, 

Of errant knights, or of blind Cupid's charmes. 

Her civill gesture is to faigne a lie 

In decent phrase, in true ortographie. 

Her modest blush, immodest shame O fy ! 

'Tis grand disgrace to blush, indignity. 

She counts him but a nazard, halfe a-mort, 

That will not jumble, use dame Venus' sport. 

To kisse, to cull, t'admii'e her painted face. 

And doe no more ; ignoble, vile disgrace ! 

She likes his humor which plaies for the marke, 

Affects the man that's expert in the darke. 



SATYRES. 

"With costly unguents she depaints her browes, 
Calls them the palace of chaste Hymen's vowes. 
And yet this statue for her honor'd trade, 
With ev'ry vassaile will be underlaide. 
Her sole delight is fixed in a fan, 
Or to walke usherd by a proper man. 
Nature hath polisht each externall part 
Of this vile dame with oratories art ; 
Making each limb an oratour, defence, 
To maske her scandall with some good pretence. 
Doe but conferre and note her private speech, 
Her divine frame will passe your humau reach. 
Shee'l complement, pathetically act 
A tragick story, or a fatall fact. 
Lively discover Cupid and his bowe, 
^Manage his savage quiver in her brow, 
Court so corapleately, rai-ely tune a song, 
That she wdll seeme a Dido for a tongue ; 
And by the vertue of all-conquering sight. 
Infuse even life in him that has no sprite. 
Her golden phrase w ill ravish so your eares 
With amorous discoiu*se, pale lovers teares. 
That you would judge her rarest parts divine, 
Deeme her a virgin of chast Vestaes shrine. 
Yet this proud Jezabell, so nice, demure, 
Is but a painted sepulchre impure. 
Shee seemes a saint (in conferance being hard) 
Yet is more spotted then the leopard. 
Though she bestow her vigilancie, care, 
In coyning phrases, pouncing of her hayre : 



26 SATYRES. 

Yet are her legends, golden masse of wit, 
But like Apocrypha, no sacred writ. 
All's not authenticall the which she pleades, 
Or wholsome doctrine, that she daily reades. 
Cease, austere muse, tliis counterfeit to touch : 
Y'have spoke satyricall, I doubt, too much. 
He rather pitty, then envy invay, 
Their kalender of wretch'nesse to display. 
Shutting my muse in silence, least she strip 
This saint-like creature with a satyres whip. 
I blush, my quill with so immodest face 
Abruptly pointed at her great disgrace, 
Loathing the subject of a satyre's stile, 
Discernes desert, which should this sect defile. 
Pardon my muse (kinde sirs) she whips not all 
Whom we in specie do women call. 
'Tis Corinth's Lais, Rome's confronting whore, 
Which like the Hellespont we run on shore ; 
Such as resemble Dian in their deedes, 
I meane in giving large Actaeons heads. 
These are the subjects which demerit blame, 
And such we tax with earths eternall shame. 
Applauding such chast Philomels, whose love, 
Idem, per idem, doth most constant prove. 



FINIS. 



I 



Should I commend your satyres ? faith no ; tiisli, 

'Tis an olde proverbe, Good wine ncedes no bush. 

If ye demerit earth's condigner laude, 

Let graver censures grace you with applaude. 

If ye deserve no poets lawrell stem, 

Be ye base orphans, I disclaime ye then. 

To praise good works 'twere shame, indigne, and vile. 

For none but counterfeits do prayse their stile. 

Good is but good ; and no man can more say : 

To praise the bad makes satyrists invay. 

Goe seeke your fortunes, be it good or bad, 
If bad, I'le grieve ; if good, I shall be glad. 

Henry Hutton. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS 



COMPILED BY 



HENRY HUTTON, 



miNELMENSIS. 



LONDON : 

Printed for Mathew Walbanke, and are to be sold at his 
Shop at Graies-Inne-Gate. 

1619. 



TO THE READER. 



He ARK, ye yong roysters, that with inkehorn stuffe 

Delude the state, and rayle the worlde in snuffe : 

Let me, in court'sie, beg a friendly Q, 

When you have spent your mouths upon the view. 

Chop logick, chaw youi* cuds ; some leisure give. 

My muse, which doth at rack and manger live, 

Must halt about the marke ; for she's not flight : 

And yet, though slowe, she sometimes speaks aright. 

I feare no colours : let mad satyres write : 

The curres which bai'ke the most do seldome bite. 

Let coxcombs curry favour with a fee, 

Extoll their braines, with Claw me, Tl claw thee. 

I write the truth ; if any fault you see, 

Impute it to ill readings, not to me. 

Disjience with my bold quill : if she be fell, 

I doe it for the best : I wish all well. 

Connive yong wits (which on your humors stand) 

I'l, with the proverbe, Turne the cat i'th'band. 

And ere ye jarre, for peace sake give the way ; 

Sith few, or none, with edg'd tooles safely play. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 



Ad Lectorem. 
Epi. 1. 
Reader, I must present you a shrimp-fish : 
I hope you'l make no bones to tast this dish. 
It is no carpe, unlesse you quit that note : 
Wliich if you doe, I wish 'twere in your throate. 

Ad Momum. 

Epi. 2. 
MoMUS, I wish your love, and humbly crav't : 
My suite is for the same ; pray let me hav't. 
If that you think, according be not best, 
A cording be your end : and so I rest. 

Mahteri ill Measure. 
Epi. 3. 
Such malsters, as ill measure sell for gaine. 
Are not mere knaves, but also knaves in grain. 

De Equisone. 
Epi. 4. 
Can Equiso be wavering as the Avinde ? 
Faith, no ; for he is of a stable kinde. 

n 



34 SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 



In Calvnm. 
Epi. 5. 
The commonty complaine, Calvus of late, 
By hook and crook, by pouling gaineth state : 
Yet he protests he takes few bribed gifts, 
And powling scornes above all other shifts ; 
Appealing to his bax'ber, who doth sweare. 
He is not worth one hayre to reach one eare. 
Then sith you tax him with this faultlesse ill, 
He'l leave off powling and begin to pill. 



Epi. 6. 

KiNDE Kit disdaines that men him fool do call. 
What is he else ? Faith, nothing but wit-all. 



An action of the Case. 
Epi. 7. 
Shouldring a minstrell in a lane, I broke 
His violl's case by an unlucky stroke : 
Who sAvore he would complain, to vent his grudg. 
And what eare I what any law will judge? 
For why : I will maintaine it face to face, 
'T can be no more but th' action of the Case, 



Epi. 8. 
ToM-CoBBLER sold liis tools, a matter small : 
And yet unto this day he keepeth awl. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 35 

Epi. 9. 

Robin has for tobacclio sold his ehaire, 
Reserving nothing but a stoole for's lare : 
Whence all men judge this silly sottish foole, 
Though seldome sick goes often to the stoole. 

God a-mercy Horse. 
Epi. 10. 
A FRIEND, who by his horse receiv'd a fall, 
Made bold (he swore) in private for to call. 
I made him welcome, as dame Nature bindes 
All those to doe that beare affecting mindes. 
Yet sith his steede did him unwilling force, 
I thanke not him, but God a mercy horse. 

Epi. 11. 
Fkancisco vants he gave his wife the horn. 
She frouns, she frets, and takes the news in scorn. 
And thogh you did (quoth she) yet you, indeed. 
Must weare the home, because you are the head. 

De Cah'o. 

Epi. 12. 
Calvus protests for foes he doth not care : 
For why ? they cannot take from him one hair. 

In Puriim. 

Epi. 13. 
PuRUS doth sermons write, and scripture quote ; 
And therfore may be tearm'd a man of note. 

1)2 



86 SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 

In Causidicum. 

Epi. 14. 
Causidicus wears patched cloathes, some bruit, 
And must doe so : for he has nere a suite. 

Defabro ligiiario. 
Epi. 15. 
Tom Joyner sold his tooles, and cloaths of s britch, 
To cure the scab ; and yet he has an itch. 

Epi. 16. 

Cuckold is a dangerous beast. Why so ? 
Nam cornu ferit ille: caveto. 

De Vinoso. 

Epi. 17. 
ViNosus is a verbe, his person's good, 
And must be form'd in the potentiall mood : 
In which sole mood we find each drunken man, 
For, commonly they're known by the sign, can. 

Epi. 18. 

Women by nature doe a nazzard spight. 
Because he's a light-horseman and wants weight. 

Epi. 19. 

Jack-cut-purse is and hath been patient long ; 
For he's content to pocket up much wrong. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 37 

Epi. 20. 
Tom vow'd to beat his boy against the wall ; 
And as he strook, he forthwith caught a fall. 
The boy, deriding, said, I will averre, 
Y'have done a thing you cannot stand to, sir. 

Epi. 21. 
In an outlandish port, where there were stoi-e 
Of bloudy pyrats taken on the shore, 
The magistrate did build (of squared stone) 
A payre of gallowes, for to hang them on. 
And being askt, why they so strong were made, 
Replied ; that woodden gallowes soone decaid. 
They would not last one age, but now his care 
Had built strong gallowes for himselfe and's heire. 

De Ballivo. 

Epi. 22. 
HoAv dare ye with a balive squabble, broile, 
Disturbe the streets with uproares endlesse coil ? 
Though he be poore, yet offer no disgrace ; 
Balives are men-of-calling in their place. 



Epi. 23. 
Bell, though thou die decrepit, lame, forlorne, 
Thou wast a man of metall, I'l be sworne. 



88 SATYRTCALL EPIGRAMS. 

Crooktbaeks payment. 
Epi. 24. 
Crookt-back, to pay old scores, wil sell his state : 
And thouffh he do, lie'l never make all strait. 



In Galium. 

Epi. 25. 
Galla, 'tis said, of late is brought to bed, 
And yet in Hymens rites she nere was wed. 
Which makes the vulgar judge and censure on her. 
That she betimes begun to take upon her. 



Tims wound. 

Eiji. 26. 
At quarter blowes, Tim did of late receive 
A bruise upon his head that doth him grieve : 
Which, having issue, makes friends tax his deed, 
And jesting say : Tim has a running head. 



Epi. 27. 

Phantastes chaf't t' expresse his raging wit, 

Because his stockins did not neately sit ; 

And strictly askt his man, what as he thought 

Concerning's stockin he had lately bought. 

Who said, I think though 't seeme too straight by half, 

'Twod fit ; but that you are too great i'th' calfe. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. o9 

De Conspicilio. 

Epi. 28. 
An aged man, which spectacles did use, 
Having them filcht, begun one time to muse, 
Fearing the thiefe would not his sights restoi'e, 
But rather plot how to deceive him more. 
Feare not, said one, the matter is but light, 
And ten to one but they will come to si^^ht. 



De Chirotheca. 
Epi. 29. 
A FRIEND protested he was strangely crost, 
Because (forsooth) his wedding gloves were lost, 
But on your gloves, I said, sir, do not stand ; 
I warrant you, ere long they'l come to hand. 



TrirrCs cure. 

Epi. 30. 
Neat barber. Trim, I must commend thy care, 
Which doest all things exactly to a hayre. 



Epi. 31. 

Tom Chamberlayne doth from his guests convey 
The fired logs which they accompt for pay : 
Now Tom may sweare, and therein be no Iyer, 
Tliat all he has is gotten out o'th' fire. 



40 SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 

Idle ivords. 
Epi. -32. 
Of idle-words, no capitall delict, 
One was arraigned ; by the lawes convict ; 
Adjudg'd to lose his eares : which he denide ; 
Complotting to escape, but one replide, 
The pillory t' escape spend not your wit, 
When all is done, you must give-eare to it. 

De Thaide. 

Epi. 33. 
Thais her urine to a doctour bore, 
Who askt her, if she were a maide. She swore 
'Twas so. My wench (quoth he) thou art beguil 
My art descries that thou hast had a childe : 
What kind of maide art then ? she blushing said, 
And't like your worship, sir, a chamber-maide. 

In Lesbiam. 

Epi. 34. 
The sanguine dy of Lesbia's painted face, 
Is often argued for a doubtfuU case. 
The color's hers she sw eares : not so some thought it, 
And true she swears : for I know where she bought it. 

De Gallo. 

Epi. 35. 
KiNDE cock is not a cock o'th' kind, I feare. 
His lien wud bring forth chickins, if he were : 
Yet she hath none. Then surely, gentle reader. 
He is no cock ; only a capon-treader. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 41 

De Cornuto. 
Epi. 36. 
CoRNUTUS did receive a liurt on's tbigli : 
Of wliicli, I am perswaded, be'l not die. 
The wouud's not mortall tliogii it inward bleed ; 
Because the signe rules most in Cornute's head. 

Epi. 37. 

AVoMEN are saints : yet was not she a sprit, 
That almost slew her husband with a spit ? 

The case is cdtred. 
Epi. 38. 
Tom Case (some do report) was lately halterd. 
If this be true, why then the case is altei'd. 

Ad CcEcum. 
Epi. 39. 
C^cus, I pray respect your honest name, 
Avoide the scandall of succeeding shame. 
Y' have an ill eye, so some do often chat : 
'Mongst other faidts, pray have an ey to that. 

In Superhum. 
Epi. 40. 
SupERBUS swaggers with a ring in's eare ; 
And likewise, as the custome is, doth weare 
About hfs neck a ribbin and a ring : 
Which makes men think, that he's proud of a string. 



42 SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 

Tofipots reckonings . 
Epi. 41. 
TosPOT is chosen steward of the house, 
To sum theii" commons ; as eld servants use. 
I thinke he'l reckonings more compleatly cast, 
Then any steward that this place has past. 
For certaine after drinkings, or a feast, 
He casts-up reckonings once a week at least. 

Epi. 4->. 

Will squabled in a tavern very sore. 
Because one brought a gill of wine ; no more. 
Fill me a quart (quoth he) I' me called Will : 
The proverbe is, each Jack will have his Gill. 

Tonics valour. 
Epi. 43. 
One liundreth grosse of points Tom tooke in pay, 
Of bankrupt mercers which were in decay. 
Whence som report, that new his fearful joints, 
That Tom's grown stout, and stands upon his points. 

Epi. 44. 

GuiDo doth rage, because one jesting said. 

That he of late had got a goodly liead. 

What man dare give me homes (quoth he) i'or's life ? 

No man, said one, if any, 'tis your wife. 

Whiles men you tax, the halfe man you exclude : 

And she, the old man doth with horns delude. 



SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 4o 

De Milone. 
Epi. 45. 
MiLO doth vant he's strong, and jet contends 
To take the wall of open foes and frends. 
Then sure he's weake, which will in discord fall 
For it ; sith none but weakest go to th' wall. 

Epi. 46. 
A PRocTouR was t' examine in the court 
A wench. And he. disposed to make some sport, 
Did aske the maide, what he should call her name. 
Why, maid (quoth she) or else it were great shame. 
Pray, speake advised, quoth this gibing clearke ; 
You must take oath of it, and therefore marke. 
The wench, selfe-guiity, to him blushing said. 
Pray stile me single Avoman, leave out maid. 

To his inconstant mistrisse. 
Epi. 47. 
Faine would I prayse, yet dare not write my minde. 
Lest thou sholdst vary like th' uncertain wind. 

Epi. 48. 
A FELON, judg'd to dy for filching ware. 
At his confessing did hiraselfe compare, 
In metaphors, unto the world ; wherein 
Contayned is the sentinell of sin. 
The hang-man, hearing this, vrhen they had praid, 
Began to scoffe, and thus deriding said ; 
I may attempt what I desire, were't land : 
For why ? I have the world now in a band. 



44 SATYRICALL EPIGRAMS. 

De Crepidario. 
Epi, 49. 
Shoo-makers are the men (without all doubt) 
Be't good or bad, that set all things on foot. 

De Vitriario. 
Epi. 50. 
A GLAZIER which endeavours to reape gaines, 
Endureth toyle, is troubled much with panes. 

Epi. 51. 
Miller, such artists as thy pulses feeles, 
Affirme, thy gadding head doth runne on wheeles. 

Epi. 52. 
Fat-back, you are to blame which friends will crosse. 
Go too : you shew your selfe a knave in grosse. 

Epi. 53. 
Taylors worke much, beleeve't, and take great paine : 
Yet masons worke far harder i'l maintain. 

Epi. 54. 
Doth Jane demerit well ? I pray, why so ? 
For her good carriage which all men know. 

Epi. 55. 
Pray, pardon Proeco's compotations. 
His head is full of proclamations. 

In Gulam. 

Epi. 56. 
Base Gula, with his teeth and nails doth teare 
The commons which he eateth any where : 
Now we may say, what Gula doth assay le, 
He will accomplish it with tooth and naile. 



EPILOGUS. 

What satyres write, or oabalists do judge, 

I weigh but small ; sith they beare all meu grudg : 

What monists censure, or the roring sect, 

Be what it will, 'tis but their dialect : 

And such applause, like to their thread-bare coate, 

Would but pollute me with some evill note. 

I doe referre my muse unto such eyes, 

Which truly can their judgments equalize: 

Such will be meanes, to save her from the fire, 
And if need stand, to draw dun out i'tli' mire. 

H. H. D. 



IXIONS WHEELE. 



Fortune empaling Jove with honors crowne, 

Making him victoi- in the Titans fight ; 

Mars having trod perforce proud Saturne down, 

Depriving Titan of's usurped right ; 

These co-supremes, which over-rule the fate, 

Enthronize him in Saturn's regall state. 

Which grateful! god, in honor of his name, 
To Mars did dedicate the crownes of bay ; 
And in Olympus did a feast ordayne, 
To solemnize the glory of this day. 
Each sacred deity had free accesse 
To be partaker of such happinesse. 

Hermes did trudge, a jolly foote-mans pase, 
T' invite the rectors of the spheres sublime. 
He nimbly trips the sun -gods circled race, 
Commands each power of the Olympick clime 
To celebrate this festivall, in lieu 
Of all the triumphs which to Mars were due. 



48 IXIONS WIIEELK. 

Which tliaiikefuU quests their joynt consents all gave 
To gratulate their kinde affecting host ; 
And, of the store which they in promptu have 
(As a requitall of his profuse cost) 
Do, plena manu, regall bounties send. 
Whiles to exceede in giving they contend. 

Pan did the first fruites of his fold present : 
Neptune sent quailes ; and Bacchus foming vines : 
Ceres did immolate, with like intent. 
Autumn's i*ich prime, and Terra's golden mines. 
No god there was, but sent, for love or feare, 
Condigne presents to augment their cheere. 

At length, in vesture nitid, and facete. 
To Joves high court heavens synod did repaii-e : 
Whose braines wei'e busied how to be compleat, 
To place themselves in method, formall, square. 
Whiles major powers affect new forged shapes. 
The minors a^mulate like ^sops apes. 

Warres austere God, with stout Achilles lance, 
And wrinkled browes, doth Thrasonize it, rage : 
Cornuted Phoebe, in her coach, doth prance : 
Bacchus with grapes, doth stretch it on the stage : 
Whiles this cup-saint, too lavish and pi'ofuse, 
Embrew's his temples in their liquid juice. 

Apollo, Venus, Cupid god of love. 

And chast Aurora goddesse of the morne. 

With all the remnant of the powers above, 



IXIONS AVHEELE. 49 

111 ro}aIl vestures did their corps adorne. 
Thus they contend (if eminent in place) 
T'exceede in gesture, vesture, decent grace. 

Vulcan except, who from his anvile hies, 
Lymping unto the trough, to scoure his face 
And colly fists ; then, with his apron dries 
The same, thinking them fit for sucli a place : 
He, hating pride, vaine-glory, did not strive, 
Or ajmulate, to be superlative. 

The smith of Lemnos, malecontent, did grudge 
That Dis should loyter for his shackling chaines : 
Yet, being iealous, he's constrain'd to trudge. 
Lest, whiles he toyle, some other reape the gains. 
Curling his locks, he therefore, halfe a mort, 
Doth halting usher "Venus to the court. 

Swift winged Hermes did Ixion cite. 
The last to dance attendance at this feast : 
AVho, swolne with pride of his puissance, might, 
Sate with the gods as a coequal guest : 
And though unworthy to assume such place, 
Yet did his thoughts aspire for greater grace. 

Earth's mortaU, with immortalls being plac't, 
Tooke Dedalls flight ; with Icarus would climbe ; 
With Phaeton, the deities disgrac't. 
Deposing him for his i;ndecent crime. 
Princes, in pride, attempt those vaine designes, 
"Which often times their empires undermines. 

E 



50 IXIONS WHEELE. 

While mighty Jove, with Orpheus sweetest hymns, 

Aptly concording to Ai'ions lute, 

With bouls of nectar, crowned to the brims, 

His noble guests doth gratulate, salute : 

This lusting king endeavours in despite 

To wrong his host, to casheer Hymen's right. 

Bacchus moyst vapours, which doe sursum fume. 

Ixions braine so much intoxicate. 

That in his cup he did (too rash) presume 

T' attempt the act : which he repents too late. 

So potent are Don Bacchus nocive charmes. 

That they intrude into apparent harmes. 

Rapt Avith Queene Junoes love, whiles he did fix 
So princely object in an abject eye, 
His joyes with sorrowes he doth intermix : 
For sanctum sinnes doe often soare too hie. 
Which grand default few amorists can finde ; 
Because the naked god of love is blinde. 

He languisht long, abhorring to reveale, 
T' expresse his dolours in externall shew : 
Yet they, more urgent, whiles he would conceale, 
Like Hydi'a's heads, did pullulate, renew. 
For shrowded embers, which cannot aspire, 
Assuming force, become the greatest fire. 

With chast Adonis blush, at length, in art. 
Pie did uncase those greifs which were represt. 
And did the tenor of his cares impart, 



IXIONS WHEELE. 5 I 

(For words yeeld solace to distempred brests,) 
Asswage the deluge of eternall woe, 
Which (sea-like) altematim ebbe and flowe. 

The prime allurement which Ixiou us'd 
To rob this matron of her prizelesse fame, 
Were Mammons gifts ; which women seld refuse, 
Although in obloquie they drowne their name. 
For Fates decreed each womans weaker power 
Should not resist faire Danae's golden sliowre. 

His crowne of Thessalie, with Tagus sand, 
And mineralls of Ganges golden shore. 
He gratis did preferre into her hand, 
Wishing such oratours might love implore. 
T' enjoy base lust he would his life conderane ; 
Hazard his state, and princely diadem. 

The modest queen (which waxed red with shame) 
Like one that's planet-strooke, remayned mute : 
Collecting strength (t' avoid succeeding fame) 
She did repell his base, immodest sute : 
Yet, more importunate, though she despise. 
He, non-plus't once, againe will rhetorize. 

Lady, (quoth he) behold my harmlesse heart, 
"Wliich doth, captiv'd, in Sibyls durance live. 
Like to Achilles lance, my endlesse smart 
You must recure, which did the anguish give : 
Or I, poore Tymon, must my date expire, 
Whiles furies torture me in Cupid's fire. 

e2 



52 IXIONS WHEELE. 

Sometimes in the abysse of love I freeze, 
Like frigid places of the artick clime : 
Againe, excessive heate those stormes appease, 
Scorching like Phoebus in her fiery prime. 
Thus I, whom Titan fram'd of brittle mold. 
Both at one instant, burn, and am key-cold. 

My passive humors, and distemperd thoughts, 

Do stimulate proud Silla's ire : debates 

Vaine-hopes, which hote desires doe bring to nought, 

Fiercely pursues with Theoninus hates : 

Waging such warre within my soule divine, 

That Trojan fraies were plays compar'd with mine. 

No artists skill, nor deity above. 

Can mee restore to my desired blisse. 

The Energia sole is fixt in love. 

Which may recure my cares remedilesse. 

At love I ayme ; yet have no ci'osser foe, 

Whose perverse wrath, my state would overthrow. 

Thus doth he syllogize, halfe malecontent, 

With fallacies sophisticating teares ; 

And thus discourse, unkindnesse to prevent. 

Whilst sighs unrip his melancholy feares : 

Yet vaine : the king pursues a bootelesse chase, 

His deere both tappasse in a private place. 

Whiles he acutely argu'd this hard text, 
(With writs of errour traversing his sute) 
Joves constant Daphne, timorous, perplext, 



IXIONS WHEELE. 53 

His fucall arguments doth still confute : 

Yet forward love, which in extreames will erre, 

Uniting force, doth wage a second warre. 

Now by authentick reasons he doth pleade, 

Urging examples to confirm his case ; 

Corroborating his undecent deede, 

With Corinth's strumpets, which their sex debase ; 

A subtle shift to curry favour's truce : 

For old examples women most seduce. 

The nymphs to Vesta consecrated pure, 

Which did (quoth he) their youthful! dales confine 

Like ancors in a cave to live secure, 

Only devoted to the vestal] shrine. 

These trode their shooes awry, and did transgresse. 

Reputing it a frailty of the flesh. 

The sun-god Phoebus subject bow'd to love ; 
Though he were crowned with a willow -with. 
Faire Cytherea had (as records prove) 
A leash of loves, beside black Lemnos smith. 
And Vulcan spi'd false carding. What of it ? 
He was adjudg'd but jealous, w^anting wit. 

Sole monai'ch of the sky, whom Cupid's charms, 

And fatall quiver, did incite to lust, 

Li lovely Arethusa's azure armes 

Did oft repose : although it were unjust. 

Latmus can witnesse, and Parnassus plaine, 

She plaid the wanton with a shepheards-swaine. 



o4 IXIONS WHEELE. 

Examine Hermes, if he lov'd or no, 

Whiles he with Herse private did conferre, 

Hee'l not disclaime his wenching acts, I trowe, 

Or that with Yenus he did wilfull erre. 

Thus lov'd the churlish starres. Then why shold I 

Poore Saturnist, a distract lover die. 

Nor wert thou chast, great Jove : the wedlock band 
In Hebe's, and Alcmena's arraes thou broke : 
Tindar's proud bride thou used at command ; 
Captiv'd Calisto in a lustfull yoke ; 
And with these paramours hast led thy life, 
Wronging the pleasures of a jealous wife. 

What if great Jupiter, with Lynx his eyes, 
Should censure that chast Hera were too kiude ! 
With Hermes spells I would conjure his spies. 
Till I enjoy 'd the solace of my minde. 
Admit you should disclose in outward shew 
Apparent love, it were but quid pro quo. 

Suppose, that Earth impanneld a grand quest, 

And that the barre of law should rack this act : 

It would be thought a quaere at the best, 

Sith affidavit of our conceal'd fact 

Could not be made ; whiles of each gods known shame 

A sempiternall probate shall remaine. 

Hee urg'd the queene too farre : yet she excus'd, 
Fearing malignant times the fame would broach ; 
And doth object, that beautie's oft abus'd. 



IXIONS WHEELE. 55 

Ol't scandaliz'd with vulgar tongues reproach. 
For slander set on foote, though false, will run, 
And currant passe in ev'ry Momists tongue. 

Beautie's a common marke, apt to offence, 
(Quoth she) when roysters rove or court unwise ; 
Bad fame will blab, and forge some lewd pretence, 
Be amours nere so secret or precise : 
No fond suspect her jealous eare can scape, 
For she will colour't in a lively shape. 

Should I, upon such tearmes, ere condiscend, 
I double, treble should mine honour staine. 
"What essence then my error dui'st defend. 
If true accusers should my vice arraigne ? 
In vaine it were to fly from Argus watch. 
If in the net Jove Mars with Venus catch. 

The unchast king now silent, all a mort, 
Abruptly interrupts her subtile speech ; 
And, vi et armis, must enjoy his sport, 
Move her perforce to cuckoldry, spouse-breach. 
He begd before ; but now commands his lust : 
And she consents, lest Jove their talke mistrust 

Who whilest they pro et contra argued thus, 
Suspecting mis-demeanor in his guest ; 
Yet did conceale, because he sate non plus, 
Drowning despaire in his disquiet brest. 
Jove feared guile (Mendozas well can gloze) 
And therefore urged Juno to disclose. 



56 IXIONS WHEELE. 

Who, putting finger in the eye, declares 
This hirge discourse ; which Jove unkindely takes. 
The lust seem'd vile, such impudence was rare : 
"Which to defraud, he of a cloude did make 
Chast Junoes like, a formall shape invents, 
Which graphice her stature represents. 

AppoUo's wagon having left his sphere. 
Drawing the starry curtaine of the night, 
This false idea did in state appeare. 
To pay lusts king his long desir'd delight : 
Whom he embrac't (yet was deceiv'd, god wot) 
And of a cloude the massy Centaures got. 

Obtained lust his brest could not containe : 

In Thrasoe's tearmes he vants this act obscene, 

Falsely accusing Hera in disdaine, 

Making lusts queane corrivall with the queene. 

Such are mens faults ; they cannot onely home. 

But must divulge, and laugh the wrongd to scorne. 

The irefuU god ; which was supposed wrong 
To Aveare a cuckolds badge, an armed head. 
All court atfaires adjourneth, doth prolong, 
And coram nobis scans this shamefull deede. 
Lest by delay truth should be staind, forgot. 
He wisely strikes now whilst the iron's hot : 

And of high treason doth the king indite, 
(For faults are great which touch a mighty foe) 
Who by a quest of Quiere, which judge right, 



IXIONS WHEELE. 

(Too strictly sentenc't to eternall woe) 

Was, by that synod in Olympus held, 

Condemn'd, contemn'd, and from his throne expeld. 

To pleade, or to recant, it was too late : 
The arraigned king condemned stands, convict ; 
Whom the thi-ee justicers of Limbos state, 
With new devised penalties inflict. 
Hell's fatall judgement is a just reward 
For such as Hymenasus rites discard. 

Fixt to the rigour of a tumbling wheele, 
Which furies move, and ever restless turnes, 
This type of lust hells terrour amply feeles, 
AYhiles serpents sting and Hecats furnace burnes. 
Thus by just doome to Styx his soule did dive, 
Being enrold amongst the damned five. 

Great mirth did Dis and Proserpina keepe, 
To give a welcome to this leane-cliapt ghost. 
The triple-headed cur awoke from sleepe. 
Caron in hast his flaming ferry crost ; 
Who, with the furies, which then leasure found, 
Salutes this guest, and hopt a merry round. 

Tantal had lap enough : each ayry sprite 
And stai'ved ghost had plenty of good-cheere. 
Alecto skipt, with Bacchus being light, 
And plaid the divell, voide of love or feare ; 
Whiles grim Meg^era tore th' invective scroles. 
Chasing the fiends with ever-burning coles. 



58 IXIONS WHEELE. 

A greater racket was not kept in Hell 

When Hecat got the divells leave to play. 

So far this chaos cloth the wont excell, 

That former tortures are a civill day. 

vStones, tubs, and wheeles, do tumble up and down. 

So that no ghost escap't a broken crowne. 

And all this time, Ixion in a maze, 
Spectator-like beheld the furies sport ; 
At length, asham'd to stand still mute at gaze, 
Doth spend his mouth, and reveU in like sort ; 
Till levell coyle, which issued from the pot. 
Made hell still hell, their quarrels were so hot. 

Minos was shreudly checkt, because the ghosts 
Disturb'd the gods with their unruly coile : 
Which quorum justice warrants sent by poast. 
To chaine each furie to his former toile : 
And eke the stranger which in clanks did lurke, 
By strict command was set unto his worke. 

Whose restlesse paines my poore Appelles art, 
VVith Agamemnon's vaile must rudely maske. 
By Herc'les foote, conjecture ev'ry part; 
And from this briefe the totall of his taske. 
Depriv'd by lust in Limbos doth he dwell : 
Lust was his life ; his death both Heaven and Hell. 

Henry Hutton. 

Dunelmensis. 



POSTSCRIPT 
TO THE AFFECTING PRINTER. 



Printer, I owe, confesse a debt : not pay, 

'Twere shame, except I tooke a longer day ! 

Faith, I must owe thee somewhat, as a friend, 

And thou must trust, for I pleade non solvend. 

It is a time, I must confesse, to owe. 

Which lie repay, ere long, in folio. 

A good turne 'tis likewise : the ladders turne 

I doe bequeath such criticks as will spurne ; 

My head, my muse, I bring to thee to presse. 

Sir, presst, supprest ; if it deserve no presse, 

In quarto's forme 't shall not be formed : tut ! 

Pray, trim my head in spruce octavo's cut: 

So shall my muse be free from firing snuffe, 

From physicks di-ugges, apothecaries stuffe. 

Be she in quarto (0 !) the vintners quart 

Would but upbraide, deface her rarest part : 

Th' advice of such as adde vice unto vice 

Prethae detest ; set them no sale or price 

Of my rude workes. They lie in ambush : waite, 

Watching an opportunity for hate. 

Presse them, I pre thee, in my sole defense, 

Which would oppresse, or presse, my harmlesse sense. 

H. H. D. 



NOTES. 



Ad Lectores, 1. 4, — '■'■ Noddy." A game at cards, which appears 
to have been variously played. — See Nares's Gloss, in v. 

— 1. 5, — " tick-tack." " This is the plain game of tick-tack, 
which is so called from touch and take, for if you touch a 
man you must play him, though to your loss." — See The 
Compleat Gamester, p. 113, for a detailed account of the 
game; also Hall's Hora Vacice, 1640, p. 149. 

P. 9, 1. 1, — '■'■ ivhipt, stript satyrs lines." An allusion to 
Abuses stript and ichipt ; or Satirical Essayes. By 
George Wyther, bid. 1613. It has been asserted {British 
Bibliographer, i. ISO) that there was an impression of this 
popular work in 1611 ; and although no copy of that date 
has come down to us, the following passage from the same 
author's Warning-piece to London, discharged out of a 
Loop- hole in the Toiver, 1662, renders it highly probable : 

" In sixteen hundred ten and one 

I notice took of public crimes : 
With mine own faults I first begun, 

Observ'd the changes of the times, 
And what God had on me bestown 

Employed for the common good • 
Therein I sought to find mine own, 

"Which was so oft misunderstood, 
That I, for being so employ'd, 
Have been three times nigh quite deslroy'd." 



62 NOTES. 

P. 9, 1. 2, — " witJi furies scourye." In the edition of Wither's 
Abuses stript andwhipt, published in 1G17, there is a print 
of a satyr with a scourge, called " Vice's Executioner." 

P. 10, 1. 8, — " conduits scroivls." Alluding to the inscriptions 
on the old London conduits. 

P. 10,1. 14, — "apple squire." In a note on Hall's Satires, 
1824, p. 8, the editor remarks: "This cant phrase has 
been eiToneously explained as meaning a pander, or 
pimp. The fact is, that it meant what is in modern slang 
called a flash man ; a squire of the body had the same 
meaning." 

P. 10, 1. 19, — "Dine with Duke Humfrey." This phrase, 
which is still current, originated in the following manner : 
" In the body of Old St. Paul's was a huge and conspi- 
cuous monument of Sir John Beauchamp, binied in 
1358, son of Guy, and brother of Thomas Earl of War- 
wick. This, by a vulgar mistake, has been called the 
tomb of Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, who was really 
buried at St. Alban's, where his magnificent shrine now 
remains. The middle aisle of St. Paul's is called the 
Duke's gallery in a chapter of Dekker's Gull's Hornebook — 
' How a gallant should behave himself in Powles 
Walkes.' Of the humours of this famous ambulatory, 
the general rendezvous of the busy and the idle of all 
classes who found it convenient to frequent the most 
fashionable crowd in London , a more particular descrip- 
tion may be seen in Dekker's Deade Tearme, or West- 
minster's Complaint for long Vacations and short Termes, 
1608, under the chapter ' Pawle's Steeple's Complaint. 
A humorous poem was publi-shed in 1674, l)y Sam. Speed, 



NOTES. 63 

entitled, The Legend of his Grace Humphrey Duke of 
St. PmiTs Cathedral Walk, Surveyor of the Monuments 
and Tombs of the Temple, Patron to the Perambulators 
in the Piazzas in Covent Garden, Master of King's 
Bench Hall, and one of the Colleges Honorable Privy 
Council; in which the shifts of the needy and idle 
loungers are humorously depicted." 

The sort of character usually met with in Pawles Walk 
is admirably depicted by Bishop Hall in the seventh 
satire of the third book of his Virgidemiarmn, 1597 : 

" Seest thou how gaily my young master goes, 
Vaunting himself upon his rising toes ; 
And pranks his hand upon his dagger's side ; 
And picks his glutted teeth since late noontide ? 
'Tis Ruffio : Trowst thou where he din'd today ? 
In sooth I saw him sit with Duke Humfray. 
Many good welcomes and much gratis cheer, 
Keeps lie for every straggling cavalier. 
An open house, haunted with great resort : 
Long service niix'd with musical disport. 
Many fair yonker ^rith a feather'd crest 
Chooses much rather be his shot-free guest, 
To fare so freely, with so little cost, 
Than stake his twelvepence to a meaner host. 
Hadst thou not told me, I should surely say 
He touch'd no meat of all this livelong day. 
For sure, methought, yet that was but a guess, 
His eyes seem sunk from very hollowness. 
But could he have (as I did it mistake) 
So little in his purse, so much upon his back? 
So nothing in his maw ? yet seemeth by his belt 
That his gaunt gut no too much stuffing felt. 
Seest thou liow side it hangs beneath his hip ? 
Hunger and heavy iron makes girdles slip. 
Yet, for all that, how stiffly struts he by. 
All trapped in the new-found bravery. 
The nuns of new-won Cales his bonnet lent. 
In lieu of their so kind a conquerment. 



64 NOTES. 

What needetli lie fetch that from farthest Spain, 

His granilam coukl liave lent with lesser pain ? 

Though he, perhaps, ne'er pass'd the English shore, 

Yet fain would counted he a conqueror. 

His hair, Frenchlike, stares on his frighted head. 

One lock Amazonlike disheveled, 

As if he meant to \\ ear a native cord. 

If chance his fates should him that hane aflbrd. 

All British bare upon the bristled skin, 

Close notched is his beard both lip and chin ; 

His linen collar labyrinthian set. 

Whose thousand double turnings never met : 

His sleeves have hid with elbow-pinionings, 

As if he meant to fly with linen wings. 

But when I look and cast mine eyes below, 

What monster meets mine eyes in human show ? 

So slender waist with such an abbot's loin. 

Did never sober nature sure conjoin. 

Lik'st a strawne scarecrow in the new-sown field, 

Rear'd on some stick the tender corn to shield. 

Or if that semblance suit not every deal, 

Like a broad shak-fork with a slender steale. 

Despised nature suit them once aright, 

Their body to their coat, both now misdight. 

Their body to their clothes might shapen be. 

That nill their clothes shape to their bodie. 

Meanwhile I wonder at so proud a back. 

Whiles th' empty guts loud rumblen for long lack : 

The belly envieth the back's bright glee, 

And murmurs at such inequality. 

The back appears unto the partial eyne, 

The plaintive belly pleads they bribed been : 

And he, for want of better advocate, 

Doth to the ear his injury relate. 

The back, insulting o'er the belly's need, 

Says, thou thyself, I others' eyes must feed. 

The maw, the guts, all inward parts complain 

The back's great pride and their own secret pain. 

Ye witless gallants, I beshrew your hearts. 

That sets such discord 'twixt agreeing parts. 

Which never can be set at onement more, 

Until the maw's wide mouth be stopp'd with store." 



NOTES. 65 

P. 10, 1. 21, — "<//r Black-friers stage." Tt was customary for 
the gallants of our author's time to be allowed seats on 
the stage during the performance. Ben Jonson in his 
Devil is an Ass, acted in 1(516, thus pointedly touches 
their demeanour : 

' " To daj' I go to the Blacklriars playhouse, 

Sit iu the view, salute all my ac(juaiutance, 
Rise Tip between the acts, let fall my cloak, 
Publish a handsome man, and a rich suit ; 
And that's a special end why we go thither, 
All that pretend to stand for't on the stage : 
The ladies ask, who's that ? for they do come 
To see us, as we do to see them." 

Sir John Davies in one of his Epigrams (printed in 1598) 
has the following passage : 

" Rufus the courtier at the theatre. 

Leaving the best and most conspicuous place, 
Doth either to the stage himselfe transferre, 

Or through a grate doth shew his double face ; 
For that the clamorous fry of Innes of Court 

Fills up the private roomes of greater price ; 
And such a place, where all may have resort, 

He in his singularity doth despise." 

P. 11,1. 26, — " yellow band," i.e. a band dyed with t/ellow 
starch, which was once very fashionable, and is said to 
have been invented by Mrs. Turner, who was executed 
in November 1615, for having been concerned in the 
murder of Sir Thomas Overbuiy, and wore at the gallows 
a niff of her favourite colour. They were worn as late as 
1621, if not later. 

P. 13, 1. 4, — '■'■ (juarded coate," i.e. trimmed, faced. 

P. 13, 1. 6, — " cut i' tK peahe." The different fashions of 
wearing the beard are the constant subjects of allusion 

F 



6Q NOTES. 

Iiy many of our old dramatists. For every information 
upon this subject see Soijie Account of the Beard and 
Moustaehio, chiefly from the Sixteenth to the Eigh- 
teenth Century, by John Adey Repton, Esq. F.S.A. 

P. 13, 1. 17, — '■'■ frizled periwig." It was customary with the 
gallants of Button's day to wear curled periwigs. Sir 
John Harington has an epigram " on Galla's goodly 
periwigge ;" and there are others to the Periwigyians in 
Hayman's Quodlibets, 1628. 

P. 14, 1. 1, — " Pickt-hatch." A notorious haunt of the worst 
characters of both sexes. It is said to have been in 
Turnmill (commonly called Turnbull) Street, near 
Clerkenwell. 

P. 14, 1. 5, — "her plume of feathers on her fan." The fan 
of our ancestors differed considerable from those of the 
present day. It had a round handle (frequently of silver) 
and was composed of feathers. In the frontispiece to 
the comedy of Englishmen for my Money, 1616, is a 
portrait of a lady with one of these fans. — See Nares's 
Glossary in v., and the long note in Boswell's Shakespeare, 
vol. viii. p. 75. 

P. 15, 1. 6, — " base Shoreditch smocks." Shoreditch was one 
of the outskirts of the town where the stews or brothels 
abounded. Thus in Sam. Rowland's Letting of Humours 
Blood in the Head Vaine, 1600, 

" Some coward gull 
That is but champion to a Shoreditch drah." 

And Marston in the fourth satire of his Scoiirge of Vil- 
lanie, 1599, 

" He'll cleanse himselfe to Shoreditch purity." 



NOTES. 67 

Shoreditcb, Southwaik, Westminster, aiul Turnbull- 
street, Clerkenwell, were all noted places of the same 
kind. 

P. 15, 1. 17, — " with Coriat he travell'd," (kc. Thomas Coryat, 
the celebrated traveller, was born in 1577, at Odcombe, 
in Somersetshire. In the beginning of the year 1008 
he travelled into France, Italy, Gennany, (kc. and on 
his return published his travels under the following title. 
Crudities hastihj gobled up in Five Months Travel in 
France^ Savoy, Italy, Rhetia, Helvetia, sotne Parts of 
High Germany and the Netherlands, I^ond. 1611, 4to. 
He afterwards travelled into Constantinople, Egypt, 
Jerusalem, &c. and died in the East Indies in 1617. 

P. 15, 1. 19,—" Divelin," i.e. Dublin. 

P. 17, 1. 12, — " Birchin lane" in the seventeenth centuiy was 
chiefly inhabited by mercers and woollendrapers. Dekker, 
in the first chapter of his GuWs Hom-booke, 1609, ex- 
claims, " Did man, think you, come wiangling into the 
world about no better matters, than all his lifetime to 
make pri\'y searches in Birchin lane for whalebone 
doublets ?" In the old comedy of the London Prodigal, 
1605, Act i. sc. 1, one of the characters says, "Thou 
sayest thou hast twenty poimd : go into Birchin lane, put 
thyself into cloathes." 

P. 1 7, 1. 23, — " Palace-garden^' i.e. Paris-garden, a noted 
place for bear-baiting, near the Globe Theatre in South- 
wark. Sir John Davies, in one of his Epigrams, " The 
Meditations of a Gull,' says, 

'■ Or a journey be deliberates 
To Palis garden, cocke pit, or tlie play. " 



68 NOTES. 

And in another, 

" Publius, student at the common law, 
Oft leaves his bookes, and for his recreation 
To Paris-Garden doth himselfe withdraw, 
Where he is ravisht with such delectation. 
As downe amongst the beai's and dogs he goes, 
Where, whilst he skipping cries, to head, to head. 
His satten doublet and his velvet hose. 
Are all with spittle from above be spread. 
When he is like his father's country stall. 
Stinking with dogges and muted all with hawkes ; 
And rightly too on him this filth doth fall, 
Which for such filthy sports liis bookes forsakes, 
Leaving old Ploydon, Dier, and Brooke alone, 
To see old Harry Hunks and Sacarson." 

The latter were the njtmes of two celebrated bears. 

P. 17, 1. 29.—" Goe take a pipe of To.", i.e. tobacco. " The 
consumption of tobacco in theatres is mentioned by in- 
numerable authorities ; but it should seem from a line in 
the epigrams of Sir J. Davies, and Christopher Marlow 
printed about 1598, that it was a service of some danger, 
and generally objected to : 

' He dares to take tobacco on the stage ;' 

but the practice veiy soon became common, for two years 
afterwards one of the boy-actors in the induction to 
Cynthia's Re^jels, imitating a gallant supposed to l)c sit- 
ting on the stage, speaks of his having his ' three sorts of 
tobacco in his pocket, and his light by him ;' and in the 
Scornful Lady, 1616, Captains of Gallyfoists are ridi- 
culed, who only ' wear swords to reach fire at the play,' 
for the pm*pose of lighting their pipes." Tobacco wa^ 
even sold at the playhouse, and in Bartholonmv Fair, 
1614, Ben Jonson talks of those who ' accommodate 



NOTES. 69 

gentlemen with tobacco at our theatres.' In 1602, when 
Deleter printed his Satiromastix, ladies sometimes 
smoked. Asinius Bubo, offering his, pipe, observes: — 
' 'Tis at your senice, gallants, and the tobacco too ; 'tis 
right pudding, I can tell you : a lady or two took a pipe 
full or two at my hands, and praised it 'fore the heavens.' 
Piynne states that in his time, instead of apples, ladies 
were sometimes ' offered the tobacco pipe' at plays." — 
Vide Collier's History of Dramatic Poetry, iii. 415-G 

P. 19, 1. 2, — " sing Fortune's my foe." See my note to the 
Percy Society's reprint of Chettle's Kind Harts Dreame. 

P. 20, 1. 26, — " Jack a Lent." An allusion to one of the 
multitudinous skits of John Taylor the water-poet. It.^ 
title is as follows : Jack-a-Lent, his Beyinniny and En- 
tertainment, u-ith the Mad Pranks of his Gentleman 
Usher Shrove Tuesday^ that goes befirre him ; and his 
Footman Hunger attending, n.d. 4to. 

P. 21, 1. 10,— " Heel jien a piihie tractate of A-jax." Allud- 
ing to Sir John Harington's Metamorphosis of Aja.r 
(a Jakes), published in 1590. This veiy laughable, but 
indelicate piece of pleasantry, occasioned such displeasure 
in the royal circle, that the author was forbid the court 
for writing it. Vide Nugte Antiqua, i. 12. 

P. 22, 1. 22, — " cloakehayge breeches." This alludes to the 
ridicidous fashion of wearing trunk hose, as the prepos- 
terous, round, swelling breeches then in fashion were 
called. They are ridiculed in the following passage of 
Wright's Passions of the Minde, IHOl : "Sometimes I 
have seene Tarletou play the clowne, and use no other 
breeches than such sloppes or slivings as now many gen- 



70 NOTES. 

tlemen weare ; they are almost capable of a bushel of 
wheate, and if they be of sacke-cloth they would serve to 
Carrie mawlt to the mill. This absm'd, clownish, and 
unseemly attire only by custome now is not misliked, but 
rather approved." 

P. 22, 1. 22, — " yellow bands." See the previous note at p. 65. 

P. 40. — " In Lcsbiam. Epi. 34." This epigram, from Mar- 
tial, has been very similarly rendered by Harington and 
by Prior. 



P.l> 11 \ ,DS, PRINTEK, ST. MARTIN S LANE. 



POEMS* 
BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 



Pormi$ 



SIR HENRY WOTTON 



EDITED Bit 



THE REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 



LONDON : 
PRINTED FOR THE PERCY SOCIETY 



M.nccc.xijn. 



COUNCIL 

OF 

President. 
The Rt. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.RS, Treas. S A. 

WILLIAM HENRY BLACK, Esq. 

J. A. CAHUSAC, Esq. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM CHAPPELL, Esq. F.S.A., Treasurer. 

J. PAYNE COLLIER, Esq. F.S.A. 

T. CROFTON CROKER, Esq. FS.A., M.K.l.A. 

PETER CUNNINGHAM, Es-^. 

REV. ALEXANDER DYCE. 

WILLIAM JERDAN, Esq. F.«A., M.R.S.L. 

SIR FREDERICK MADDEN, K.H., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R S., F.S A. 

E. F. RIMBAULT, Esq. F.S.A. Secretary. 

WILLIAM .1. THOMS, Esq. F.S.A. 

JAMES WALSH, Esq F.S.A. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S A. 



PREFACE. 



The following poems, in some of which there is 
great beauty both of thought and expression, are 
now reprinted from the Beliquiw Wottonianw,\Qb\ ^ 
the text of that volume having been adhered 
to, except in two or three places where the reasons 
for rejecting it are obvious : the order of the 
pieces, however, has been altered. 

Before his twentieth year, and while resident 
at Queen's College, Oxford, Sir Henry Wotton 
composed, at the desire and for the private use 
of that society, a tragedy called Tancredo^ which 
doubtless was never given to the press, and has 
in all probability perished. 

The celebrated copy of verses beginning " The 
world 's a bubble"" has been attributed by Farnaby 
and others to Wotton, — on what authority, does 
not appear : in the Reliquiw Wottoniance it forms 
one of the " Poems found among the papers of 
Sir Henrv Wotton,'" and in ed. 1651 of that 



work is signed '■'• Ignoto''\ while in ed. 1672 it has 
the signature " Fra. Lord Bacon.'''' 

On the paper which contains Ben Jonson's 
transcript of Sir Henry's Character of a happy 
Life (see note, p. 5), and also in the handwriting 
of Jonson, Mr. Collier found a translation of one 
of MartiaPs epigrams, which he has printed in 
the Memoirs of E. Alley n, p. 54, and which he 
conjectures may have been by Wotton. 

An account of the author of the following 
poems will not be expected here, as the particulars 
of his life have been rendered familiar to every 
reader by the fascinating narrative of Walton. 

For the use of the two musical works mentioned 
in a note, p. 10, the editor is indebted to the 
kindness of Mr. E. F. Rimbault. 

A. D. 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY \YOTTON, 



A POEM WRITTEN BY SIR HENRY WOTTON IN HIS 
YOUTH.* 

O FAITHLESS world, and thy mostf faithless part, 

A Avoman's heart ! 
The true shop of variety, where sits 

Nothing but fits 
And feavers of desire, and pangs of love, 

Which toyes remove. 
Why was she born to please ? or I to trust 

Words writ in dust, 
Suffering her eys| to govern my desjiair, 

My pain for air, 



* A poem written by Sir Henry WoUon in his youtli^ Was 
printed, under the title of " An Elegy of a tvoman's heart" in 
Da^dson's Poetical Rlmpsodie, 1602. A copy of it, \nth some 
variations, occurs in a volume of MS. poetry, which was col- 
lected by Sir Roger Twysden, and is now in the possession of 
Mr. Rodd, the bookseller. 

f most'] So Poet. Rhap. and 3IS. Twys. — Rel. Wot. " more.'' 

X eys] MS. Twys., " lookes." 

B 



2 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

And fruit of time rewarded with untruth, 

The food of youth ? 
Untrue she was ; yet I beleev'd her eys 

(Instructed spies), 
Till I was taught that love was but a scool 

To breed a fool.* 
Or sought she more, byf triumphs of deniall. 

To make| a triall 
How far her smiles commanded on§ my weakness ? 

Yeild, and confess ; 
Excuse no more thy folly, but, for cure,|| 

Blush, and indure 
As well thy shame as passions that were vain ; 

And think 'tis^ gain, 
To know that love lodg'd in a woman's brest 

Is but a guest. 

* To breed a fooQ Is followed in MS. Twys. by 

'* Or was it absence that did make her strainge, 
Base flowre of [change ?]?" 

f hy'] Poet. Rhap. and 3IS. Twys., " than." 
f make'] Poet. Rhap. and MS. Twys., " see." 
§ on] Found only in MS. Twys. 

II Excuse no more thy folly, hut, for cure] Poet. Rhap. an 
MS. Twys., 

" Excuse not now thy folly, nor lier nature." 

f 'tis] Poet. Rhap. and MS. Twys., "thy." 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 



SIR HENRY WOTTON AND SERJEANT HOSKINS 
RIDING ON THE WAY.* 

Hos. Noble, lovely, vertuous creature, 
Purposely so fram'd by nature 
To enthrall your servant's wits. 
Wot. Time must now unite our hearts, 
Not for any my deserts, 

But because, methinks, it fits. 
Hos. Dearest treasure of my thought. 
And yet wert thou to be bought 
With my life, thou wert not dear. 



* Sir Henry Wottoti and Serjeant Hoskins riding on the way'\ 
John Hoskins was made serjcant at law in the 21 of Jac. I. 
{Ath. Oxon. ii. 626. ed. Bliss) : but we may suppose that this 
dialogue was written long before that date. In the account 
of Hoskins and his works, Wood {uhi supra) informs us, " He 
was the most ingenious and admii-ed poet of his time [!], and 
therefore much courted by the ingenious men then living. . . 
. . ,'Twas he that polish'd Ben Johnson the poet and made him 
speak clean [!], whereupon he ever after called our author 
father Hosk}Tis," &c. See also Chalmers's Biog. Diet., and 
Mr. Bolton Corney's Cur. of Lit. Illuatrated, Art. ix. He died 
in 1638. Of his poetry, very little has been printed : the 
following lines are found in the Reliquia: Wottonianee, ed. 1672 ; 

" John Hoskins to his little child Benjamin from the Tower. 

Sweet Benjamin, since thou art young, 
And hast not yet the use of tongue, 
Malie it thy slave, while thou art free, 
Imprison it, lest it do thee. " 

Hoskins was sent to the Tower in 1614, for having made in one 
of his speeches, while member of parliament, what Wood calls 
" a desperate allusion to the Sicilian Vesper." 

b2 



4 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Wot. Secret comfort of my mind, 
Doubt no longer to be kind, 
But be so, and so appear. 
Hos. Grive me love for love again ; 

Let our loves be clear and plain, — 
Heaven is fairest when 'tis clearest. 
fVot. Lest in clouds and in differring 
We resemble seamen erring, 

Farthest off when we are nearest. 
Hos. Thus, with numbers interchanged, 

Wotton's Muse and mine have ranged : 
Verse and journey both are spent. 
fVot. And if Hoskins chance to say 

That we well have spent the day, 
I, for my part, am content. 



TO A NOBLE FRIEND IN HIS SICKNESS. 

Untimely feaver, rude insulting guest, 

How didst thou with such unharmonious heat 

Dare to distune his well-composed rest, 

Whose heart so just and noble stroaks did beat? 

What if his youth and spirits wel may beare 

More thick assaults and stronger siege then this? 

We measure not his courage, but our fear. 

Not what ourselves, but what the times may miss. 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Had not that bloutl, which thrice his veines did yeild, 
Been better treasur'd for some glorious day, 

At farthest west to paint the liquid field, 

And with new worlds his master's love to pay ? 

But let those thoughts, sweet lord, repose a while. 
Tend only now thy vigour to regain : 

And pardon these poor rimes, that would beguile 
With mine own grief some portion of thy pain. 



THE CHARACTER OF A HAPPY LIFE.* 

How happy is he born and taught, 
That serveth not another's will ; 



* The character of a happy life'\ Mr. Collier (^Memoirs of E. 
Allei/n, p. 53.) has printed these verses from a copy in Ben 
Jonson's hand-Avriting foimd among the MSS. at Dulwich 
College, which diifers considerably from that in the Reliquia 
Wottoniana. 

" Sir Edward [Henry] Wotton's verses of a happie lyfe he 
[Jonson] hath by heart." B. Jonson's Conversations with W. 
Drummond, &c. p. 8, Shakespeare Soc. ed. Jonson's visit 
at Hawthornden was a short time previous to the 17th Jan. 
1619 ; and it appears that these verses were composed several 
years anterior to that period, as Mr. Collier also found 
among the Dulwich MSS. a portion of the first stanza in 
Alleyn's hand-writing, upon a scrap of paper, on the back, of 
which is a memorandum dated 1616. Memoirs of E. Alleyn, 
p. 54. 



6 POEMS BY SIR HENRY AVOTTON. 

Whose armour is his honest thought, 
And simple truth his utmost skill ;* 

Whose passions not his masters are ; 

Whose soul is still prepar'd for death, 
Untide unto the world by caref 

Of publick fame or private breath ; 

Who envies none that chance doth raise, | 
Nor vice ; hath ever understood 

How deepest wounds are given by praise, 
Nor rules of state, but rules of good ; 

Who hath his life from rumors§ freed ; 

Whose conscience is his strong retreat ; 
Whose state can neither flatterers feed. 

Nor mine make oppressors! great ; 

* And simple truth his utmost skiWj US. Jon., 

" And silly truth his highest slcill." 

f Untide utito the world by care, &c.] MS. Jon., 

" Untied to the ivorld with care 

Of princes grace or vulgar breath." 

J Who envies none that chance doth raise, &c.] 3IS. Jon., 
where this stanza is the fourth, 

" Who envieth none whome chance doth rayse. 

Or vice ; who never understood 
How swordes give sleighter wounds than prayse" &c. 

§ rumois'] MS. Jon., where this stanza is the third, " hu- 
mors." 

II oppressors'] MS. Jon., " accusers." 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Who God doth late and early pray, 
More of his grace then gifts to lend, 

And entertaines the harmless day 
With a religious* book or friend ! 

This man is freedf from servile bands 
Of hope to rise or feare to fall ; 

Lord of himselfe, though not of lands, 
And having nothing, yet hath all. 



THIS HTMN| was made BY SIR H, WOTTON WHEN 

HE WAS AN AMBASSADOUR AT VENICE, IN THE 

TIME OF A GREAT SICKNESS THERE. 

Eternall mover, whose diffused glory. 

To shew our grovelling reason what thou art. 

Unfolds itself in clouds of nature's story, 

Where man, thy proudest creature, acts his part, 

AVhom yet, alas ! I know not why, we call 

The world's contracted sum, the little all ; 



* religioui] MS. Jon., " well-chosen." 

t freed'] 3IS. Jon., " free." 

J This hymn, &c.] Of uncertain date, as Wotton passed 
many yeai's at Venice, having been thrice ambassador to that 
republic : according to Walton, he went there for the first time 
" about the year 1604." 



8 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

For what are we but lumps of walking clay ? 

Why should we swel ? whence should our spirits 
rise ? 
Are not bruit beasts as strong, and birds as gay, 

Trees longer liv'd, and creeping things as wise ? 
Only our souls was left an inward light. 
To feel our weaknes, and confess thy might. 

Thou, then, our strength, father of life and death, 
To whom our thanks, our vows, ourselves we ow, 

From me, thy tenant of this fading breath. 

Accept those lines which from thy goodnes flow ; 

And thou, that wert thy regal prophet's Muse, 

Do not thy praise in weaker strains refuse. 

Let these poor notes ascend unto thy throne. 
Where majesty doth sit, with mercy crown'd. 

Where my redeemer lives, in whom alone 

The errours of my wandring life are drown'd, 

Where all the quire of heav'n resound the same, 

That only thine, thine is the saving name. 

Well, then, my soul, joy in the midst of pain ; 

Thy Christ, that conquer'd hell, shall from above 
With greater triumph yet return again, 

And conquer his own justice with his love. 
Commanding earth and seas to render those 
Unto his blisse, for whom he paid his woes. 

Now have I done, now are my thoughts at peace, 
And now my joyes are stronger then my griefe ; 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

I foel those comforts tliat shall never cease, 

Future in hope, but present in beliefe: 
Thy words are true, thy promises are just. 
And thou wilt find thy dearly-bought in dust. 



UPON THE SUDDEN RESTRAINT OF THE EARLE OF 
SOMERSET, THEN FALLING FROM FAVOR.* 

Dazel'd thus with height of place. 
Whilst our hopes our wits beguile, 

No man markes the narrow space 
'Twixt a prison and a smile. 

Then, since Fortune's favours fade, 
You that in her armes doe sleep, 

Learne to swim, and not to wade. 
For the hearts of kings are deepe. 

But if greatness be so blind 

As to trust in towers of aire. 
Let it be with goodness lin'd, 

That at least the fall be faire. 



* Upon the sudden restraint of the Earh of Somerset, &c.] 
The murder of Sir Thomas Overbury having been discovered, 
Somerset was arrested in his own house, Oct. I8th, 1615 (his 
countess being secured at the same time), and sent to the 
deanery of Westminster. See Carte's Hist, of Englayid, vol. 
iv. 32. 



10 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Then, though darkned, you shall say, 
When friends faile, and princes frowne, 

Vertue is the roughest way, 

But proves at night a bed of downe. 



ON HIS MISTRIS, THE QUEEN OF BOHEMIA.* 

You meaner beauties of the night, 
That poorly satisfie our eiesf 



* On his mistris, the Queen of Bohemia] " On that amiable 
princess, Elizabeth, daughter of James I. and wife of the 
Elector Palatine, who was chosen Iving of Bohemia, Sept, 5, 
1619. The consequences of this fatal election are well known : 
Sir Henry Wotton, who in that and the following year was 
employed in several embassies in Germany on behalf of this 
imfortunate lady, seems to have had an uncommon attachment 
to her merit and fortunes, for he gave away a jewel worth a 
thousand pounds, that was presented to him by the Emperor, 
' because it came from an enemy to his royal mistress the 
Queen of Bohemia.' " [" for so," says Walton in The Life of 
Wotton, " she was pleased he should always call her."] — Percy. 

This poem, with several variations, is printed in The Sixt 
Set of Bookes, Wherein are Anthemes for Versus and Chorus of 
5. and 6. Parts; apt for Violls and Voyces : Newly composed by 
Afichaell Est, Batchelar of 3Iusicke, and blaster of the Choristers 
of the Cathedrall Cliurch in Litchfield., London, 1624 : it is foimd 
also, much altered for the worse and with a wretched Second 
Part, in So?igs and Fancies, &c. Aberdeen, 1682 : and in the 
sec. voL of Percy's Bel. of An. Eng. Poet., it is given from the 
Beliquice Wottoniana, with some corrections from an old MS. 
copy. 

f our e?es] Est's Sixt Set, " mens eyes." 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 11 

More by* your number then your light, 
You common-people of the skies, 
What are you when the moonf shall rise ? 

You curious chanters of the wood,| 

That warble forth dame Nature's layes, 

Tliinking your passions§ understood 

By your weake || accents, what's your praise 
When Philomell her voyce shal^ raise ? 

You violets that** first apeare. 

By your pure purpel mantels knowne,|f 

Like the proud virgins of the yeare, 
As if the spring were all your own, 
Wliat are you when the rose is blowne ? 



* hi/1 Est's Sixt Set, " with." 

f moon'\ So Est's SLvt Set, and Percy's Bel. — Bel. Wot. 
" sun." 

J You curious chanters of the wood, &c.] Est's SLvt Set 
(where, as also in Percy's Bel, this stanza is the third), 

" You wandring chanters of the wood, 

Who fill the eares with natures lays." 

§ passions'] So Percy's Bel., and Est's Sixt Set.— Bel. Wot. 
" voyces." 

II your weake] Est's Sixt Set, " weaker." 

^ shal] Est's Sixt Set, " doth." 

** that] Est's Si.rt Set (where, as also in Percy's Bel., this 
stanza is the second), " which." 

f"f By your pure purpel mantels knowne, See] ^st's Sixt Set, 

"By those your purple mantles known. 
Much like proud," &c. 



12 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

So when my mistris* shal be seene 
In form and beauty of her mind,f 

By vertue first, then choyce, a queen, 
Tell me,:l: if she were§ not design'd 
Th' eclypse and glory of her kind ? 



TEAKS AT THE GRAVE OF SIR ALBERTUS MORTON 

(who was BURIED AT SOUTHAMPTON) WEPT 

BY SIR H. WOTTON. II 

Silence, in truth, would speak my sorrow best, 
For deepest wounds can least their feelings tel ; 

Yet let me borrow from mine own unrest 
But time to bid him, whom I lov'd, farwel. 



* mistrisl Est's Sixt Set, " princesse." 

f In form and beauty of her mind~\ Percy's Rel., 

" In sweetnesse of her looks and minde." 

J Tell me] Est's S!xt Set, " O tell." 

§ loere'] Percy's Rel., " was." 

II Tears at the grave of Sir Alberttis Morton, &c.] Sir Al- 
bertus Morton was nephew to Wotton ; and had acted as 
his secretary at Venice. He was knighted in 1617. At the 
time of his decease, he was one of the secretaries of state. 
In a letter to Nicholas Pey, Sir Henry notices " Sir Albertus 
Morton his departure out of this world, who was dearer unto 
me then mine owne being in it." Rel. Wot. p. 507, ed. 1651, 
where that letter stands without a date : in ed. 1672 it is dated 
1626. According to Wood, the death of Sir Albertus took 
place Nov. 1625. Ath. Ox. vol. ii. 524. ed. Bliss. I have read 
some verses by Sir Albertus in a MS. collection of poems. 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 13 

my unhappy lines ! you that before 

Have serv'd my youth to vent some wanton cries, 
And now, congeal'd with grief, can scarce implore 

Strength to accent, — here my Albertus lies. 

This is the sable stone, this is the cave, 

And womb of earth that doth his corps imbrace : 

Wliile others sing liis praise, let me engrave 
These bleeding numbers to adorn the place. 

Here will I paint the characters of woe. 
Here will I pay my tribute to the dead. 

And here my faithfuU tears in showrs shal flow 
To humanize the flints whei'eon* I tread. 

Where, though I mourn my matclilesse losse alone, 
And none between my weaknesse judge and me, 

Yet even these gentlef walles allow my mone, 
Whose doleful echoes to my plaints agree. 

But is he gon ? and live I ryming here. 
As if some Muse would listen to my lay, 

When all distun'd sit wailing| for their dear. 

And bathe the banks where he was wont to play ? 



* tvhero7i'] Walton's Life of TV., " on which.' 
f gentle'] Ibid., "pensive." 
% icaiUng] Eds. " waiting." 



14 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Dwell tliou in endlesse light, discharged soul,* 
Freed now from nature's and from Fortune's trust; 

While on this fluent globe my glasse shall role, 
And run the rest of my remaining dust. 



UPON THE DEATH OF SIR ALBERTUS MORTON S WIFE. 

He first deceas'd ; she for a little tri'd 
To live without him, lik'd it not, and di'd. 



A SHORT HYMN UPON THE BIRTH OF PRINCE 
CHARLES.f 

You that on starres do looke, 

Ai'rest not there your sight, 
Though Nature's fairest book, 

And signed with propitious light ; 



* Dwell thou in endlesse light, discharged soul, &c.] Walton's 
Life of W., 

" Dwell then in endless bliss with happy souls, 
Discharg'd frotn natures and from Fortune's trust, 

Whilst 011 this fluid globe my hour glass rowls, 
And runs the rest of my remaining dust." 

•j" A short hymn upon the birth of Prince Charles^ Afterwards 
Charles the Second. He was born 29th May 1630, on which 
day there was an eclipse of the moon, and, we are told, a star 
visible about noon. Jonson and Corbet composed verses on 
the same occasion. 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 15 

Our blessing now is more divine 
Then planets that at noone did shine. 

To thee alone be praise, 

From whom our joy descends, 
Thou cheerer of our days, 

Of causes first, and last of ends ; 
To thee this May we sing, by whom 
Our roses from the lihes bloom. 

Upon this royal flower, 

Sprung from the chastest* bed. 
Thy glorious sweetness shower ; 

And first let myrtles crowne his head. 
Then palms and lawrels wreath'd betweene, 
But let the cypresse late be seen. 

And so succeeding men. 

When they the fulness see 
Of this OMT joy, shall then 

In consort joyn, as well as wee, 
To celebrate his praise above, 
That spreds our land with fruits of love. 

* chastest^ So Rel. Wot. ed. 1672.— First eel. "chastesse." 



16 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 



AN ODE TO THE KING,* AT HIS RETURNING FROM 
SCOTLAND TO THE QUEEN, AFTER HIS CORONA- 
TION THERE. 

Rouse up thyselfe, my gentle Muse, 

Though now our green conceip[t]s be gray, 

And yet once more doe not refuse 

To take thy Phrygian harpe, and ploy 
In honour of this cheereful day. 

Make first a song of joy and love, 
Which chastely flame in royal eies. 

Then tune it to the spheres above. 
When the benignest stares doe rise, 
And sweet conjunctions grace the skies. 

To this let all good hearts resound, 

While diadems invest his head ; 
Long may he live whose life doth bound 

More then his lawes, and better lead 

By high example then by dread ! 

Long may he round about him see 

His roses and his lilies bloom ; 
Long may his only dear and hee 

Joy in ideas of their own 

And kingdomes hopes so timely sown ; 

Long may they both contend to prove 

That best of crownes is such a love ! 

* An ode to the King, &c.] Charles the First visited Scotland, 
and was crowned there, in 1633. 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 17 



ON A BANCK AS I SATE A-FISHING ;* A 
DESCRIPTION OF THE SPRING. 

And now all nature seem'd in love : 

The lusty sap began to move ; 

New juice did stirre tli' embracing vines, 

And birds had drawne their valentines. 

The jealous trout, that low did lie, 

Rose at a wel-dissembled flie : 

There stood my friend, with patient skill 

Attending of his trembling quill. 

Already were the eaves possest 

With the swift pilgrim's daubed nest ; 

The groves already did rejoyce 

In Philomel's triumphing voyce. 

The showers were short, the vveather mild, 

The morning fresh, the evening smil'd. 

Jone takes her neat-rub'd paile, and now 

She trips to milk the sand-red cow, 



* On a banck as I sate a-Jishing, &c.] Was probably composed 
by Wotton during his later years ; for Walton, in The Life of 
Sir Henry, describing " the employment of his time" after he 
became Provost of Eton College, says, " Nor did he forget 
his innate pleasure of angling, which he would usually call 
his idle time, not idly spent, saying often, he would rather hve 
five May months than forty Decembers ;" and in the Epistle 
Dedicatory before The Complete Angler he observes, "I re- 
member Sir Henry Wotton (a dear lover of this art) has told 
nie that his intentions were to write a discourse of the art 
and in praise of angling, and doubtless he had done so, if 
death had not prevented him.'" 

B 



18 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON, 

Where for some sturdy foot-ball swaine 
Jone strokes a sillibub or twaine. 
The fields and gardens were beset 
With tulip, crocus, violet ; 
And now, though late, the modest rose 
Did more then halfe a blush disclose. 
Thus all look't gay, all full of chear, 
To welcome the new-liveri'd yeare. 



A TRANSLATION OF THE CIV. PSALM TO THE 
ORIGINALL SENSE. 

My soul, exalt the Lord with hymns of praise : 
O Lord, my God, how boundless is thy might ! 

Whose throne of state is cloth'd with glorious raies. 
And round about hast roab'd thyself with light ; 

Who like a curtain hast the heavens displaid. 

And in the watery roofs thy chambers laid ; 

Whose chariots are the thickned clouds above. 
Who walk'st upon the winged winds below ; 

At whose command the airie spirits move, 
And fiery meteors their obedience show ; 

Who on his base the earth didst firmly found, 

And mad'st the deep to circumvest it round. 

The waves that rise would droAvn the highest hill, 
But at thy check they flie, and Avhen they hear 



POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 19 

Thy tliundring voice, they post to do thy will, 

And bound tlieir furies in their proper sphere, 
Where surging flouds and valing ebs can tel 
That none beyond thy marks must sink or swel. 

"WTio hath dispos'd but thou the winding way 

Where springs down from the steepy crags do beat? 

At which both foster'd beasts their thirsts alay, 
And the Avild asses come to quench their heat ; 

Where birds resort, and, in their kind, thy praise 

Among the branches chant in warbling laies. 

The mounts are watered from thy dwelling-place ; 

The barns and meads are fiU'd for man and beast ; 
Wine glads the heart, and oyl adorns the face, 

And bread the staiFe whereon our strength doth rest; 
Nor shrubs alone feel thy suffizing hand, 
But even the cedars that so proudly stand. 

So have the fowls their sundry seats to breed, 
The ranging stork in stately beeches dwels ; 

The climing goats on hils securely feed. 
The mining conies shi'oud in rockie eels ; 

Nor can the heavenly lights their course forget, 

The moon her turns, or sun his times to set. 

Thou mak'st the night to over- vail the day : 
Then savage beasts creep from the silent wood, 

Tlien lions whelps lie roaring for their prey. 
And at thy powerful! hand demand their food ; 



20 POEMS BY SIR HENRY WOTTON. 

Who when at morn they all recouch again, 
Then toiling man till eve pursues his pain. 

O Lord, when on thy variovis works we look, 
How richly furnish'd is the earth we tread ! 

Where in the fair contents of Nature's book 
We may the wonders of thy wisdom read ; 

Nor earth alone, but, lo, the sea so wide, 

Where, great and small, a world of creatures glide ! 

There go the ships that furrow out their way ; 

Yea, there of whales enormous sights we see, 
WTiich yet have scope among the rest to play. 

And all do wait for their support on thee, 
Who hast assign'd each thing his proper food, 
And in due season dost dispence thy good. 

They gather when thy gifts thou dost divide. 
Their stores abound, if thou thy haijd enlarge ; 

Confus'd they are when thou thy beams dost hide. 
In dust resolv'd, if thou their breath discharge ; 

Again, '^ilsn thou of life renew'st the seeds. 

The withered fields revest their chearfull weeds. 

Be ever gloried here thy soveraign name, 

That thou maist smile on all which thou hast made. 

Whose frown alone can shake this earthly frame. 
And at whose touch the hils in smoak shal vade : 

For me, may, Avhile I breathe, both harp and voice 

In sweet inditement of thy hymns rejoice ! 



POEMS DY SIR HENRY WOTTON, 21 

Let sinners faile, let all profannesse cease ; — 
His praise, my soul, liis praise shal be tliy peace. 



A HYMN* TO MY GOD IN A NIGHT OF MY LATE 
SICKNESS. 

Oh thou great power, in whom I move. 
For whom I live, to whom I die ! 

Behold me through thy beams of love, 
Whilest on this couch of tears I lye, 

And cleanse my sordid soul within 

By thy Christ's bloud, the bath of sin. 



* A hymn, &c.] Was sent to Isaac Walton with the follow- 
ing letter, which is printed, without a date, in Rel. Wot. p. 513, 
ed. 1651. " My worthy friend,— Since I last saw you, I have 
been confin'd to my chamber by a quotidian feaver, I thank 
God, of more contumacie then malignitie. It had once left 
me, as I thought ; but it was only to fetch more company, 
returning with a surcrew of those splenetick vapors that are 
call'd hypocondriacal ; of which, most say, the cure is good 
company ; and I desire no better physician then jrself. I 
have in one of those fits endeavour 'd to make it more easie 
by composing a short hymn ; and since I have apparelled my 
best thoughts so lightly as in verse, I hope I shall be pardond 
a second vanitie, if I communicate it with such a friend as 
yourself : to whom I wish a chearfull spirit, and a thankfull 
heart to value it as one of the greatest blessings of our good 
God ; in whose dear love I leave you, remaining, your poor 
friend to serve you, H. Wotton." This illness aj)pears to 
have been that which terminated in his death, Dec. 1639. 



22 POEMS BY SIR HEiXRY WOTTON. 

No liallowed oyls, no gi-ains I need, 
No rags of saints, no purging fii'c ; 

One rosie drop from David's seed 

Was worlds of seas to quencli thine ire : 

O pretious ransome ! which once paid. 

That consummatum est was said ; 

And said by him that said no more, 
But seal'd it with his sacred breath : 

Thou, then, that hast dispung'd my score. 
And dying wast the death of Death, 

Be to me now, on thee I call, 

My life, my strength, my joy, my all ! 



THE END. 



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