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itjr t^at i5nglonti tooull* toin, 
i£imi toitfi Jliclani first fttgin. 

Old Proverb. 

Mais il lie cousiJeie I'Irlande que comme le ulieraiii de Loiidres. 
Life of General Hoclie. 




Ct)e ftn^ Society. 


THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S. Treas. S.A. 
T. J. PETTIGREW, E.sq. F.R.S., F.S.A. 
THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A.,F.iiA,Sicrclari/ 
and Triasimr. 


When the Editor brought under the consideration 
of the Council of the Percy Society the interest 
which miglit be attached, in an historical point of 
view, to any collection of popular songs ; and 
at the moment offered as an example, a Collection 
illustrative of the French Invasions of Ireland; 
the Council took him at his word, and so readily 
adopted the suggestion, that in order to gain 
time, he proposed reprinting amemoir of Thu- 
rot, from the very rare pamphlet referred to in 
the Gentleman's Magazine for March 1760, [vol. 
XXX.] p. 110, as a desirable introduction to the 
period at which he proposed to commence his 

To this proj)osition the Council, after some 
discussion as to whether reprinting pamphlets of 
this nature came within the views of the Society, 
most kindly assented, in order to meet the wish of 
the editor. Should any question, therefore, arise 
upon the [)ropricty of the proceeding, he nuist 

request that this act of the Council may be indul- 
gently considered as a personal favour towards 

With respect to the three parts intended to 
follow, the Editor has merely to observe that they 
are the natural divisions of the subject. 

No. II will contain such songs as he has been 
able to collect illustrative of Thurot's capture of 
Carrickfergus, in 1760. 

No. Ill will illustrate, by the same means, the 
French invasion of Bantry bay, in 1796; and — 

No. IV the landing of the French at Killala, in 

T. C. C. 

Rosamond's Bower, 


M E M O I E S 

Of the FAMOUS 

Captain Thurot. 

Written by the Reverend 


With some of Monsieur Tiiurot's Original 
Letters to that Gentleman, now in England. 

To which is added, 

A miicli more faithful and particular Account 

than has hitherto been published, of his 

Proceedings since his sailing from the 

Coast of France, Oct. 18, 1759. 

He was a Man, take him for all in all, 
I shall not look upon his Like again. 



Printed lor ./. Ihird, at tlio 7\)ii/ilc-/'!.vc/ifin(/r ColToe- 

Hcmsc, and ./. WiUiains, under St. Dunsluns 

Church, FIcclslrrcl, \7(H). 

[Price One Shilling.] 



Of all the affections of the human mind, there is not 
one, pei'haps, which acts upon it with greater force, 
than curiosity ; and this principle is never so power- 
fully excited in us, as when any person appears in the 
world, whose conduct, by some means or other, be- 
comes the subject of public conversation. 

From that moment, almost eveiy man grows inter- 
ested in his affairs, and if (as is often, nay, commonly 
the case) the birth and former life of the object of our 
inquiries have happened to be obscure, it only makes 
us the more inquisitive, and eager to learn something, 
(no matter what) which in appearance, at least, may 
gratify the ardent desire we have to be acquainted 
with his private circumstances. 

Tliis spirit is extremely pi'cdominant in these our 
British Islands ; not to mention the accounts which 
are constantly printed of the birth, parentage, and 
education of every malefactor that is executed at 
Tyburn, which accounts are always bought up with 
avidity, and must, therefore, be highly acceptable to 



the public ; I could give an hundred strange and very 
recent instances of the uncommon warmth with which 
we English pursue the kind of knowledge I am here 
speaking of. 

Now there are a society of auricular biographers, 
who either through the vanity of being thought wiser 
than their neighbours, or through a willingness to 
gratify the demands of their friends, though at the 
expense of veracity, are always ready upon those 
occasions, to answer whatever questions are put to 
them ; and as their chief fund is invention, they will 
tell you the father, mother, country, occupation and 
religion of a person, though they know no more of him 
than of the Cham of Tartary ; nay, some of these 
extemporary historians will, in the heat of their narra- 
tives, descend to the most minute particulars, and tell 
you the most trifling and most secret transactions of a 
man's private life ; by which lies and absurdities are 
heaped upon one another, till truth is almost impossi- 
ble to be come at, 

I do not remember, that for a great while these 
geniuses have exercised their talents of intelligence in 
a larger field than of late ; Monsieur Thurot has been 
an happy subject for them, and our newspapers have 
been very faithful retailers of their several accounts. 

In the course of a few weeks I have known him to 
be an Scotchman, an Englishman, and an Hibernian ; 
he was successively the young pretender, a reformed 
pirate, and a bastard of the blood royal of France ; 
and I make no doubt, that if he had kept the seas a 


little longer, he would in his turn have been the bro- 
ther of the Grand Turk, or the nephew of the Pope 
of Rome, unless the newspapers had thought fit to give 
us broad hints that he was those very great personages 
themselves in disguise. 

But let us see what we can gather from Thurot 
himself, from his behaviour I mean, to tell us what he 
was ; why, that will inform us, which is all that the 
generality of the world knows of him, that he was one 
of the bravest, the most humane, and best accomplished 
commanders of the age in which he lived ; that will 
inform us that he was an honour to his country, though 
his country should be Lapland, or the deserts of 
Arabia ; and that however meanly he might be de- 
scended, his actions have ennobled and made him 
illustrious. Perhaps his ancestors are but obscure, 
yet posterity shall never forget him, while the merit of 
a soldier is in esteem. 

The person who is now employed in writing these 
papers, was long and intimately acquainted with the 
extraordinary man of whom he is about to treat ; 
several letters written with Thurot's own hand are at 
present lying before him, and it is out of regard to his 
memory, and as a mark of the friendship which he had 
for him wliile living, that he is prevailed upon to take 
up the pen, in order to give the public such an account 
of him, as from a strict intimacy with him might 
be supposed to come to his knowledge. This he is 
certain of, that he will allege nothing but what he 
gathered from Thurot's own mouth, and in that case, 


nothing but what may well be taken for the closest 
matters of fact. 

The famous Captain Thurot, who has of late taken 
up so much of the discourse of these three kingdoms, 
was neither an English, an Irish, nor a Scotchman, 
but was born at Boulogne, in France, his father and 
mother being both natives of the same place. But he 
was of Irish extraction ; his grandfather, whose name 
was Farrel, and was a captain in the Irish army under 
King James the Second, going oif with that prince 
from Ireland. 

I remember that when Captain Thurot was here in 
England, he shewed me a small gold buckle, with four 
diamonds in it, which King James had given to his 
grandfather upon the following occasion : — 

When his majesty took water at Duncannonfort, 
in the county of Wexford in Ireland, in order to make 
the best of his way to France, just as he got into 
the boat, the wind being very high, his hat was 
blown into the water ; however, such was his hurry to 
be gone, that he would not let his people delay to take 
it up again ; upon which Captain Farrel presented 
his Majesty his hat, and the king, when they came to 
the house, instead of returning it, ordered that Farrel 
should have one of his own royal beavers, (in the 
band of which was the before-mentioned buckle), say- 
ing at the same time, with his usual insensibility, that 
though he could not keep a crown by the help of the 
Irish, he had got a hat. 

During King James the Second's life, and residence 


at St. Germain's, Captain Farrel was one of his 
household, either gentleman of the bed-chamber to his 
majesty or the queen ; and while he attended upon the 
abdicated monarch, he paid his address to Mademoiselle 
Thurot, whose uncle was a member of the parliament 
of Paris. 

He married her, but so great was the displeasure of 
all the young lady's friends, that none of them would 
look upon her ; and three years after the death of his 
royal master, poor Farrel was at Boulogne, where he 
retired in hopes that some of his wife's relations living 
there would have more compassion than those he had 
left in the metropolis ; but he was mistaken, for here 
he had no money to live upon but a very small pension 
which Queen Catherine allowed to all the discharged 
servants of the deceased King. 

At Boulogne our Thurot's father was born, but not 
till three months after his own father's death, nor did 
Madam Farrel herself outlive her husband much above 
a year, so that the boy being taken by his mother's 
relations, on who alone he was to hope for maintenance 
and prefei'ment. When he grew up he went by their 
name, and there we may account for tlie puzzling dif- 
ference between the names of Farrel and Thurot, and 
find some weak foundation for the many false reports 
that have gone about of late concerning Thurot's na- 
tion and quality. 

Old Thurot is now alive at Boulogne ; I cannot say 
that I know much of his circumstances, though I have 
often heard his son speak of him with much reverence 


and affection, and have seen letters from the old gen- 
tleman to him. 

To the best of my knowledge Captain Thurot told 
me, his father was originally bred to the law ; but I 
am particularly sure of the circumstance of his having 
had three wives, the second of which was called Pi- 
card, a vintner's daughter, and this was the mother of 
our Thurot. 

She died in child-birth of him, and a remarkable 
accident happened at his christening, to which he in a 
gi*eat measure owed his late high fortune. 

While his father held him at the font to be made a 
member of the Christian church, his mother was 
receiving the last office,, that of sepulture, without in 
the church-yard ; this had such an effect upon Thurot, 
who had been a very tender husband, that the tears 
streamed from his eyes in great abundance. 

It is the custom in Roman Catholic countries about 
Christmas, at which season of the year this happened, 
for ladies of the first distinction to go into churches, 
and offer themselves as sponsors for whatever children 
are brought to be baptized. 

One Madame Tallard, a woman of great rank and 
fortune, was now standing for little Thurot, and ob- 
serving the extreme agony in which the father of the 
child appeared, inquired what was the cause of it ; the 
priest informed her. 

She was touched with so melancholy an occasion, it 
put her upon asking some more particulars about the 
family of Thurot ; she made him a handsome present. 


and desired, that if the boy should live till she returned 
again into those parts, he might be sent to see her. 
During Captain Thurot's infancy, and till he was a 
well-grown lad, he received many instances of friend- 
ship from his kind godmother, but it was not till with- 
in these very few years^hat he experienced those very 
essential ones from her family, which to him, however, 
ended only in glory. 

I have already said that Thurot's grandfather was an 
Irishman. When our hero was about fifteen years of 
age, one Farrel came to Boulogne, who by some means 
or other, got acquainted with old Thurot, and learning 
the origin of the family, claimed relationship. 

This man was the commander of a vessel, and used 
to smuggle goods ; he assured old Thurot that the 
house of the O'Farrels was still a flourishing house in 
Connaught, and offered, if he would let his young son 
go over with him, to make his fortune. 

The lad was extremely sprightly, uncommonly beau- 
tiful, and of a great courage ; he had been taught to 
read and write, which was all his father could do for 
him ; besides, he was now married to another wife, and 
had a growing family, so that he was glad to provide 
for him at any rate ; therefore, without much reluc- 
tance, accepted of Captain Farrel's proposals. 

Young Thurot was equipped at the expense of his 
Irish cousin, and set out with a light heart and a thin 
pair of breeches ; they were bound for Limerick, in the 
west of Ireland, but stopped at the Isle of Man upon 
some business of the smugglers. And here young 


Thurot taking some disgust^ refused to follow his cou- 
sin O'Farrel any farther. 

It is a much easier matter to get a footing in the 
Isle of Man, than to get off from it j and after Farrel 
had sailed away, which he did in a passion, as we may 
well suppose, with Thurot, it >was some time before a 
ship bound for France came into the port ; so that our 
young adventurer was obliged to look about him for 
support. I have said before he was a handsome, 
spirited lad ; a gentleman of Anglesea took a fancy to 
him, and he entered into his service. 

This person was old in the trade of running goods, 
and had several small vessels continually on the pass 
between the Isle of Man and Ireland, laden with con- 
traband commodities ; with these he frequently sent 
Thurot ; and once stationed him for eleven months at 
Carlingford, in Ireland, in order that he might (being 
lodged with a factor of his), manage some affairs of the 
smuggling kind that were of more than ordinary con- 
sequence, and which he was extremely expert in. 

In this place he acquired his first knowledge of the 
English tongue ; and in the end he determined, instead 
of returning to the Isle of Man, to go to Dublin and 
see whether he could not learn some certain tidings of 
those relations of his, about whom he had so often 
heard. He seldom formed a resolution without putting 
it in practice ; and accordingly set out for Dublin, 
with, as he told me himself, about eleven shillings in 
his pocket. 

Whether Thurot ever met with any of his Irish 


kinsfolk, or whether, if he did, he renewed any kind- 
ness and entertainment from them, I cannot say, but 
he was in very straight circumstances in Dublin, and 
reduced so low, that he was glad to accept of an offer 
to enter into a great family, which he did in quality of 

valet de chambre to the lady of Lord B , persons 

of vast fortune and alliances in the kingdom of Ireland. 

Here he lived near two years, going by the name of 
Dauphine, and might, perhaps, have lived much longer, 
but for a most unhappy affair which happened in the 
family, and which made a gi-eat noise in the world. 
Thurot was in high favour with his mistress, and was 
suspected of being her confidant ; but he was a man 
of too nice notions, and had the punctilios of honour 
in too much regard to be of service to any one in such 
a sort of business. Be that as it will, he was dis- 
missed his lordship's service, as was at the same time 
my lady's woman, with whom young Thurot was on 
very good terms. 

Thurot was of a warm temper, especially upon any 

thing like an insult ; and Lord B having laid 

things to his charge of whicli he knew himself inno- 
cent, he was not backward in speaking his mind, per- 
haps too freely, of his lordship, which soon made 
Dublin a very improper place for him to remain in. 

Plis friend, the waiting woman, whose name I think 
was Lynch, was soon after her dismission from the 

family of Lord B received into that of the Earl 

of A , who had a great estate in the North of 

Ireland; and going down thither tlie following sunnner, 


Tluu'ot, wlio was of a roving disposition, made no diffi- 
culty to follow his quondam fellow-servant, though in 
no capacity or business. 

In this place he made himself acceptable to many 

gentlemen, and to the Earl of A , by his skill in 

sporting ; but his situation being near the sea, and the 
opposite coast of Scotland favouring the cursed tx'ade 
of smuggling, in which he was a much greater master 
than in cocking or hunting, he soon got in with a gang 
of those people. 

He was of the most obliging and generous disposi- 
tion that I ever knew any man in my life, and as he 
was young and sprightly, and of a warm constitution, 
it is in vain to deny that he had many intrigues, in 
which he made no scruple of bestowing upon his fa- 
vourites a piece of India stuiF for a gown, a yard or 
two of musHn, a pound of tea, and such things, which 
by degrees getting wind, other women of the better 
sort applied to him for some of these things in the 
mercantile way. 

The usual method of the smuggler was never to sell 
any of these things in the north, but transport them 
to Dublin on little carrs, with butter, and such country 
merchandise ; by which means they escaped the dan- 
ger of a familiar and open trade, and escaped the vigi- 
lance of the custom-house officers. 

Thurot, however, could not withstand the solicita- 
tions of the ladies, and used frequently to sell them tea, 
china, chocolate, India goods, and, I am afraid, brandy, 
at an easy rate. This trade continued some months. 


till one of his customers being more rapacious than the 
rest, laid out fifty pounds at once with him, in order to 
get as much as she could buy from the fair trader for 
triple the money ; by which means her house was 
made a warehouse, and the excise people getting the 
scent of it, came to search, found the goods upon her, 
and made a seizui'e of every one of them. 

Thurot was instantly blown ; the honest, grateful 
gentlewoman told whence she had her commodities, 
and in three nights after, the officers having laid their 
scheme, fell in with some boats which were laden with 
run goods : four of them fell into their hands, a rich 
booty ; but the vessel in which was our captain, and 
which was lighter laden than the rest, had the good 
fortune to make the coast of Scotland. 

And now a new scene opened itself; the commodi- 
ties in the boat were worth about two hundred pounds ; 
but how to get them sold was the matter. Thurot 
with his accomplices deposited them in safe places, and 
it was proposed that two of them, who were Scotch- 
men, should take and dispose of them about the coun- 
try as pedlars. 

The design was approved, and succeeded ; for in less 
than three months the whole cargo was sold off for 
near three hundred pounds, one hundred and fifty of 
which coming to Thuiot's share, he made the best of 
his way to Edinburgh, where having equipped himself 
like a gentleman, he was determined to make the best 
of his way to France. 

But it was some time before he was to visit his 


native country; Mr. V , a gentleman of French 

extraction, in Edinburgh, who was a merchant, and 
used frequently to send vessels from Edinburgh to 
London, wanted a master for one of his little sloops, 
and having seen Thurot, who passed for a seafaring 

captain, and Mr. V , by his pronunciation of the 

English language, finding out that he was a Frenchman, 
made him the offer of it. 

Thurot did not hesitate a moment about the accept- 
ance of it ; they struck up a bargain, and the follow- 
ing week the Anie of Edinbui'gh, Thurot master, bound 
with linen for London, set sail for the river Thames, 
where she arrived safe, but never returned, being 
burnt in the river with many others, by some pitch 
taking fire in a neighbouring warehouse ; and Thurot 
having given an account of his trust to his employer's 
factor, fixed himself in London, taking lodgings in 
Paddington, where the author of these memoirs by 
mere accident got acquainted with him. 

From the year one thousand seven hundred and 
forty-eight, to the year one thousand seven hundred and 
fifty-two. Captain Thurot was going continually back 
and forward between France and England, and spent 
great part of his time in London, going by his real 
name. As I have said before, he took up his first 
residence in Paddington, where he lived at the house 
of an apothecary, and always appeared like a gentle- 

In this place I have been in company with him 
many times, and as he Avas a man of a remarkable free 


temper, he used frequently to entertain two or three 
of his more intimate acquaintance with the recital of 
his adventures. 

I never knew any man that had a better natural 
understanding ; he spoke English perfectly well, 
scarcely with the accent of a foreigner, and had a 
great share of the Irish language, which he acquired 
while he lived among the people of that nation. 

He sung agreeably, played upon the German flute, 
the trumpet, and French horn ; but the chief bent of 
his inclinations leaned towards navigation and fortifi- 
cation ; he had always some little plans, purely the 
efibrts of his own uninformed genius, relative to those 
arts, about him, which he was constantly shewing to his 
companions, and never seemed so thoroughly happy as 
when he got with people who had a smattering of the 
above-mentioned sciences. The last time he was in 
England he lived in a court in Gary-street, Lincoln's- 
Inn-Fields, and was then instructed in the mathema- 
tics by one Mr. Donelly, an Irish gentleman, famous 
for his knowledge and abilities in mathematical studies. 

There is a circumstance relative to Thurot's beha- 
viour while he was in England, wliich will serve to 
throw a great light upon the real character of the man, 
and I know it to be fact : — 

He used frequently to go to a club, which was held 
every Monday night, somcwliere about the Seven Dials, 
and consisted totally of foreigners, mostly of French- 
men ; some of these gentlemen took it in their head 
one evening most grossly to abuse the Englisli and 


Irish, calling them every contemptuous name which 
liquor and ill-manners could suggest, Thurot listened 
to them for some time with a good deal of patience ; 
till at length, finding they intended to set no bounds to 
their insolence, he very calmly got up, and seizing the 
two which sat next to him, each by the nose, without 
saying a syllable, he led them to the door, put them 
out, and bolted it after them, then returning to his 
seat; Come, gentlemen, said he, let us drink about, and 
call another subject. 

He was extremely punctual in his engagements and 
payments, and when he found his money near spent, 
he designed returning to his own country, and com- 
mence a trading captain : he did so, withdrawing from 
Paddington all of a sudden, and we did not see any 
thing of him for four or five months, when I by acci- 
dent heard that he was then commander of a ship in 
the river, bound from Dunkirk, and that he lodged in 

In this place he lived with a woman who passed for 
his wife, and rented a house for three years, during 
which time he never failed of running over two or 
three times a year between London and Calais, Dun- 
kirk, &c. 

It having been strongly reported that there was an 
Englishwoman with him during all his grand and last 
voyage at sea, I imagined, if there was any truth at 
all in the story, that she who lived with him at Shad- 
well must be the person. I therefore took some pains 
to enquire who she was, and find that this woman did 


really go to France with him ; and she either was 
actually the wife, or had before been the trull of one 
of his sailors, who was a half French, and half En- 

He had an extreme inclination to be made a Free- 
Mason ; he was accordingly admitted in a lodge here : 
the consequence of this, I am assured by undoubted 
authority, was the following occurrence : — 

During his late voyage, soon after his little squad- 
ron had put out to sea, they met an English merchant- 
man, laden with rum and brandy, from the West 
Indies ; it will be needless to say that she made but a 
trifling resistance ; in fact, she almost instantly struck, 
and the lieutenant of Thurot's ship was sent to bring 
the captain on board. 

This man was a Freemason, and according to the 
custom with that fraternity, made certain signs which 
are known by them all in common, in order to find if 
any among the enemy were of the order. Thurot 
instantly perceived, and answered him ; however he 
did not then take any farther notice, but asked the 
captain what his cargo consisted of; the sailors were 
rejoiced when they heard of the unfortunate booty. 
But Thurot leaving his prisoner in the cabin, went up 
upon deck, and calling all his people about him, said : 

" Gentlemen, this is the first prize we have taken, 
and I heartily give you joy of it : yet it is but a trifling 
one, and when divided among us all will not be woi'tli 
naming. Besides, gentlemen, we go to conquer the 
enemy's country, not to seize her paltry merchandise ; 



aiul by ray discourse with the unhappy man below, 
who is the owner as well as master of the vessel, 
[which was really the case], I find if he loses it, his 
ruin is infallible ; let us then scorn to take this small 
booty, return it to him, and look after better." Here 
there was some murmuring ; " Well, then, gentlemen, 
said he, since you do not relish my proposal, be easy ; 
I give my lionoui", out of my own pocket to pay every 
man his dividend of this prize, and will let the vessel 
go." Upon this the sailors were overpowered by the 
noble generosity of the captain. The poor Freemason 
got his cargo safe, and a handsome present from Thu- 
rot into the bargain. 

The last time Thurot was in England I had not the 
pleasure of seeing him, being obliged to be in Wales 
upon some particular affairs ; but I presently heard 
from him while he was in London, and also after he 
went to settle at Boulogne with his father. 

It seems that the early taint which he received from 
the Irishman, Farrel, who was a most infamous smug- 
gler himself, still stuck to him ; and, indeed, I think 
it was the only thing to be alleged against him ; this 
incKned him to hearken to a French gang, who offered 
to take him for their captain. He communicated it to 
his father, who strongly dissuaded him against it ; but 
Thurot was one of those men who feared nothing; 
and though the smuggling trade is in France the most 
daring and dangerous that can be imagined, he followed 
the bent of his own will. It must be owned, indeed, 


that his great good sense and moderation kept his 
bravoes from committing any very mischievous out- 

He left off coming to England in the year 1 752, and 
the very next year being in France, I saw him ; he 
then, without any reluctance, told me the bottom he 
had embarked on. I represented to him in the strongest 
manner I could, the hazardous life he had taken up ; 
but he laughed at me. ^ 

His chief place of residence was at Boulogne, where 
his trade was kept secret; though, indeed, had it 
been known, he was so great a favourite with the 
towns-people, I believe he might have passed his time 
securely enough. He was also frequently at Calais, 
Dunkirk, &c., and I was credibly informed, during his 
short reign, as king of the smugglers, he did not 
export and import clandestinely, less than twenty thou- 
sand pounds worth of goods per year. 

But here, as he had before in Ireland, he added 
indiscretion to vice ; and to say the truth, prosperity, 
I believe, and success had lulled him so far, as it does 
most who are in unjustifiable causes, that he thought 
justice either would not, or dare not see him ; but he 
was mistaken ; I think, indeed, as it has happened, she 
had recourse to her scales only, and not to her sword. 

The son of Madam Tallard, his godmother, whom 
we have before made mention of, was president of the 
province ; and it being well known that smugglers did 
infest those parts, though the government could not 
point out the very individual delinquents, he had 

c 2 


orders to be very vigilant, and, if possible, to put a 
stop to their mal-practices. 

He performed his duty punctually, and two or three 
of his mermidons being set upon the watch, it was not 
long before they wormed themselves so far into the 
secret, that they had not only intelligence of the 
meeting-places of the smugglers, but of every person 
concerned in the trade. 

Monsieur Tallard took hk measures accordingly ; in 
one place he seized a whole covey of them together, 
and at the same time arrested several others ; among 
the first was poor Thurot. 

In writing memoirs of the life of a private person, 
who till within a short space of time, was never em- 
ployed in any one interesting scene of action, there 
cannot be expected those turns and adventures, which 
are so agreeable in a novel, neither can it be thought 
that his ordinary employments should afford matter for 
a large volume ; all I mean to do here is to set down 
a few occurrences, which happened within the sphere of 
my own knowledge, which though in themselves are 
insignificant, become of consequence, in as much as 
they may serve to give some idea of a man, who has 
ingrossed a great deal of the attention of the world, 
and particularly raised the curiosity of this nation. 

Thurot's natui'al inclination to fortification, gave 
him a desire to see all our buildings of that sort, which 
I believe he did, walking to most of those within thirty 
miles of London, during the frequent recesses between 
liis several passages ; and I have often heard him say, 


how easy a matter it would be for to invade these 
kingdoms, though neither he nor I at that time had 
any thought of his being one day that very invader 

There was eight months at one time, between his 
leaving England and his returning to it, occasioned 
by some disagreement between his owners : during 
that time I received several letters from him, but they 
are all destroyed except the following : — 

Dunkirk, June 5, 1752. 

Sir, — I find it is a very selfish motive that makes 
me write to you, my design being to extort an answer. 
If you had so much disinterested charity as to write 
without expecting a reply, I should certainly receive 
the favour with the utmost gratitude and modesty. 
However, it is well you indulge my talent of imperti- 
nence, and never strictly insist upon common sense. 

I have already told you, that my affairs would oblige 
me to remain on this side of the water till next sum- 
mer. New oppositions every day arise to my return- 
ing to England; but I hope to surmount them all, and 
once more enjoy the company of my good friends in 
Cateaton-street, among which I chiefly reckon your- 

I am very much concerned to hear you have been 
out of order, yet was far from thinking your letter the 
effect of the spleen, for I am really persuaded it was 
written in one of your gayest humours. To a mind 
turned like yours, the thoughts of death can have very 


few terrors. I fancy you will be pleased with the lines 
which a gentleman of our country, as I have been told, 
ordered to be written over his closet door. I know you 
like verses, and therefore write them : 

" Las d'esperer et cle me plaindre, 
De I'amour des grands et du sort, 
Cast ici que j'attens la mort 
Sans le dt'sirer, ou la craindre." 

C'est bien le caractere, le plus beau, et le plus rare 
qu'on peut avoir : but I beg pai'don for writing French, 
and yet I can hardly think you will be able to make 
out my English. 

My letter is of a convenient length, therefore, with 
my most humble service to 

Je suis, &c. &c. 

It was agreed between us, that we should write no- 
thing but English to each other, in order to perfect 
him in the language ; and tliis letter is, I think, no 
very bad instance of his skill and understanding. 

It is needless to expatiate on the distressful circum- 
stance of confinement to a person of Thurot's volatile 
disposition. After being examined by Monsieur Tal- 
lard, he was sent to Dunkirk, and there confined in 
the common prison ; but his father and some other 
friends had such power over the good-natured magis- 
trate, that he promised to do his utmost to save Thu- 
rot's life, whom he was himself also very well inclined 
towards, having been his playfellow when a boy, and 


perfectly remembering the regard wliicli his mother 
had for him. 

The other smugglers were now every day breaking 
upon the wheel, and lianging, while our unfortunate 
hero lay snug in his dungeon ; from this place I had 
the following letter from him : — 

Dunkirk, December 12, 1754. 

Dear Sir, — Though it is not without some pain that 
I date a letter to you from this miserable place, yet I 
thought I should be inexcusable, was I not to inform 
so good a friend of my situation ; which, though 
wretched enough, God knows, I dare swear you will 
be pleased to hear, is not likely to close with a shame- 
ful death ; my good friends seeming to consider every 
thing but my deserts. I do assure you I now heartily 
detest and despise myself for the wicked and ridicu- 
lous part I have acted, and sincerely wish I had taken 
your good advice ; but I am willing to think Provi- 
dence orders every thing for the best. Pen and ink 
being allowed me is a great favour ; but at present 1 
will not trespass on you farther than to assure you that 

I am, &c. 

Shortly after this, he was commanded up to Paris, 
with an intent that he should make discoveries that 
might prevent the robberies of the smugglers for the 
future. He remained there in prison several months, 
but during his examinations convinced some people in 
power, that should the war break out with England, 


which was at that time contriving, and in the form of 
an invasion too, Mons. Thurot might be rendered a 
serviceable man. 

This consideration, together with Mons. Tallard's 
interest, not only procured him his liberty, but the 
command of one of the king's sloops, and his father 
got a pension of five hundred livres per annum, for 
what services his son might do his country. 

After this I had never any correspondence with 
him ; but know, that finding in the beginning of the 
war that his sloop was not likely to be much employed, 
and the thoughts of invading England was laid aside, 
he desired permission to go on board a Dunkirk priva- 
teer, in which he commanded till the beginning of the 
summer of the memorable year one thousand seven 
hundred and fifty-nine. 

Then it was that the French ministry, as the dernier 
resort, determined to invade this island, and make us 
feel the force of Gallic indignation ; most terrible 

Thurot was pitched upon as a man rather to frighten 
us, than do any real mischief He spoke English, he 
kjiew both the British and Irish channels, he would be 
of great use in putting us in confusion, while Conflans 
destroyed us. 

The scheme was, that Thurot should go to Ireland, 
while Conflans was here, in order to make that king- 
dom, easy enough to take an alarm, so anxious in pre- 
serving her own safety, and so full of her own danger, 
that she could not think of sending any succour to her 


Thurot having got his orders and every thing ready, 
sailed out of Dunkirk harbour on the evening of the 
twenty-second of October, one thousand seven hun- 
di'ed and fifty-nine, with the following shijis in his 
little squadron : — Marshal Belleisle of fifty-four guns, 
two frigates of thirty-six each, one of twenty-six, and 
a cutter. He sailed in a hard gale at South West ; 
arrived at Ostend the next day, and the same evening 
sailed again northward. He had fifteen hundred laud- 
men on board, most of whom were pressed, and picked 
up in prisons. The ofliicers (such as they were) went 
on board with the greatest reluctance. 

The first port he made was that of Gottenburgh, 
from whence the two following extracts of original 
letters; one from Captain Gorrel, to his owners at 
Liverpool ; the other from Liverpool, wiU serve to give 
us a perfect insight to his situation : — 

Gottenburgh, November 3, 1759. 

I wrote to you fi'om hence the twenty-seventh ult. 
and then told you how I was blocked up by Mons. 
Thurot, with five frigates and one cutter : we lay in 
the road three days, during which time they rowed 
round and round our ship, and took j)articular notice 
of us : I also took all the notice I could of them ; two 
frigates lay a-head of us, two a-stern, and one a little 
within the rocks, to watch the ships, &c. So far as I 
can learn and observe, Thurot's fleet are in want of 
many things, such as anchors and cables ; for by all 
accounts, tlicy slipped them when they left Dunkirk. 
They have also employed all the bakers in Gottenburgh, 


and have bought up all the beef they can meet with. 
Another cutter is arrived here ; so that now there are 
two, one of eight guns and the other of ten ; one of 
which they are now heaving down and cleaning. One 
of the frigates has her top-mast down, occasioned, I 
suppose, by something being amiss with her mast. It 
is most certainly true, that they have a great number 
of land-forces with them, for they appear on board 
like bees about a hive; the number is said here to be 
two thousand two hundred land soldiers, of several 
Scotch and Irish regiments. One of my sailors spoke 
with some of them in Irish, and was answered in the 
same language. They have many gentlemen on board, 
and when on shore make a fine appearance, being full 
of money. It is whispered about here, that they are 
designed either for the Highlands of Scotland, or the 
North of Ireland, and that they will be ready to sail 
from hence in seven or eight days. They behaved 
with great complaisance to us when we lay amongst 
them, but as I did not like my company, we took the 
first opportunity of leaving them, and are now lying 
above the Castle: they have taken two brigs, and 
brought them into this harbour, one they ransomed: 
her ransom-bill is No. 6, which makes us believe that 
they have taken six sail. They are all rigged in the 
same manner as our men of war, with red vanes, long 
heads to their top-gallant masts, and the top-gallant 
masts strike abaft, the top-masts with sprit-sail top- 
sails rigged, and the cutters are rigged the same as our 
English cutters ; and, upon the whole, they appear veiy 


like English ships of war. The wind is coming strong 
again to the westward, which I hope will bring an English 
fleet to oui* relief ; four of our men of war, I am sure, 
would be very sufficient to keep them in here, and they 
might lie very safe at anchor in the road. The Anti- 
gua merchant is ready to sail with us for Liverpool, 
and fifteen for London and Hull." 

Liverpool, Dec. 7, 1759. 

"Captain Rimmer, of the Gorrell, arrived here from 
Gottenburgh on Sunday last, farther informs us, that 
Mons. Thurot, with his squadron of five privateer- 
frigates, and two cutters, left Gottenburgh on the four- 
teenth ult. Thurot's frigate, the Marshal Belleisle, 
mounts forty-four guns, viz. thirty nine-pounders upon 
one deck, four eighteen-pounders below, and the rest 
only quarter-deck and forecastle guns ; she has a black 
lion-head, appears very ill hogged in the midships, and 
is painted black and red. — Number 2 is a frigate of 
thirty-two guns, viz. twenty-eight nine-pounders on 
one deck, the rest are quarter-deck and forecastle guns ; 
has a yellow lion-head standing remarkably high, is 
painted yellow and black. — Number 3 is a frigate of 
the same number of guns, painted black, with a large 
figure-head. — Number 4 is a frigate of thirty guns, 
viz. twenty-four on the main-deck, and the rest quai*- 
ter-deck and forecastle guns ; she has a figure-head 
painted white and yellow, and her sides black and yel- 
low. — Number 5 is a frigate of twenty guns on one 
deck, is painted black and yellow, with a short quarter- 


deck. The two entters have long top -gallant-masts, 
one of them is pierced for ten, and the other eight 
guns, exactly in the English form. 

" The frigates, when they came into Gottenburgh, 
were very foul, as if come off from a long voyage, 
and were destitute of many necessaries, had very few 
seamen on board, but full of land forces, commanded 
by a major-general; most of the soldiers were in blue, 
faced with white, and others all white. Whilst they 
remained at Gottenburgh, nineteen days, they were 
fully employed in cleaning their ships, getting new 
top-masts, new rigging for their vessels, victualling and 
watering ; the demand for bread and eatables was so 
great, that they raised the prices considerably at mar- 
ket, and the Swedes assisted them all in their power ; 
sending them their East-India ships' boats to water 
with, and procuring them cables in lieu of those they 
had ordered to be made, which would have detained 
them before finished. During their stay the land and 
sea officers quarrelled ; the former not being acquainted 
with the place of their destination. On November 6, 
whilst the French frigates lay in Calf Sound, the Pen- 
zance man of war appeared at the mouth of the har- 
bour in company with four or five neutral ships, as she 
was going up to Elsineur, and fired a gun to take all 
ready under convoy, which so affrighted the French- 
men, that they slipped their cables, and run up above 
the castle for security. When they sailed, the com- 
modore and second vessel carried white whifflers or 
pendants forward, the rest all had red vanes, and they 


had their steering sails and small sails all ready bent 
in the shrouds to run away with. Captain Rimmer 
came out of Gottenburgh two days after Thurot, and 
is of opinion, by the winds he met with, that they 
could not reach Scotland, but would be obliged to go to 

After this a thousand false reports were spread 
of him, but nothing of consequence till his appearance 
on the coast of Ireland. A full account of which 
follows : — 

Carrickfergns, Feb. 21. — "On the garrison's ob- 
serving three frigates coming up under English colours, 
they concluded they were our own ships, on some ex- 
pedition ; but observing that instead of sailing before 
the castle, as is usual, they made for Killroot Point, 
they thought proper to send out Captain Jennings in 
the king's boat to reconnoitre : who, on approaching 
near them, observed them landing with their flat- 
bottomed boats, which they effected very suddenly. 
On the captain's return the garrison took the alarm ; 
but, alas ! they were but two hundred in numbei", 
mostly undisciplined recruits, and had three hundred 
French prisoners to guard. The brave mayor, Wil- 
loughby Chaplin, Esq., got the militia under arms, 
and though asked by Colonel Fleming, the commander- 
in-chief, to go into the castle, he bravely refused, and 
in his own gallant phrase, said, " He would go out 
with his dear boys, and meet the poltroons, and have 
a knock with them :" which he most resolutely did by 
marching to the Scotch quarters, and lining the hedges, 


gave them a fire which killed forty-three men of the 
enemy, and wounded their general-in-chief, who lived 
only to sign the articles of capitulation. 

" It deserves to be remarked, that one of the worthy 
mayor's men killed three Frenchmen himself, but 
stooping over the last, (who appeared to be a person 
of distinction), was unfortunately shot through the 
head. But what makes the whole affair the more sur- 
prising, and, we hope, is a happy presage of our shortly 
chastising their insolence, is, that the brave stout lads, 
(as their worthy leader calls them), lost but five men, 
although they were obliged, as they were marching 
out to meet the enemy, to send back forty of their 
company, to escort the French prisoners to Belfast. 
After all, they made a retreating fight of it back again 
into the castle. But as to the French, on their land- 
ing, they immediately seized the house of Mr. Brice 
of Killroot, and made him, his wife, &c., prisoners, 
and sent him on board their ships ; they likewise seized 
Castle Dobbs, and made prisoners the squire and his 
lady, and a colonel who was on visit at the house ; they 
pillaged both houses of every thing ; they likewise got 
Squire Ennis into their hands ; but what even affects 
the public is, that they have carried off every yard of 
linen that was in the possession of Mr. James Allen, 
one of the most considerable linen-di-apers in the 
north. They took the gentlemen's horses, and drew 
ten pieces of cannon to the Scotch Quarter-Bank, 
where they fixed a battery which played on tlie half- 
moon and gate of the castle without intermission. 


There were no provision in the castle, but what the 
mayor ordered in on the first alarm, from his own house, 
being the beef, pork, and meal of his own private family; 
nor was there one cannon on a carriage, nor proper 
ammunition in the place, and yet the brave garrison, 
who were but an handful, held out till four o'clock in 
the morning of the ensuing day after being attacked, 
when they were obliged to capitulate, and become pri- 
soners of war. They have got the Colonel, the mayor, 
Dean Benson, 'Squire Wilson, Mr. Spaight, &c. 

" On receiving this melancholy news, it is impossible 
to express with what alacrity and cheerfulness every 
one able to carry a gun flew to arms. There are 
already more than three thousand five hundred militia 
in Belfast, who march down every day to Woodburn, 
within a mile of them, where they wait for their coming 
out, but they keep themselves close, and are intrenched 
up to the chin ; it was with the greatest difficulty 
that lieutenant-general Strode has withheld his men 
till the artillery arrives, (which is coming fi-om Charle- 
mount), from rushing into the town, and attacking 
them sword in hand. 

This night General Fitzwilliams, Lord Newbattle, 
&c., with a party of the light horse, arrived in this 
town, who are to be followed by three thousand troops 
to-morrow, witli a train of artillery, so that the coun- 
try need not be under the least apprehensions from 
such a parcel of wretches, who have been so long on 
board, and whom the most exaggerating account does 
not make to exceed one thousand men. 


" On the ai-rival of the news in this town, Cornet 
Scott, Mr. William Ogle, Mr. Corrj, and the other 
gentlemen of this place, immediately assembled at the 
market-house, and got the militia under arms, and 
though we, as a maritime town, dare not send off our 
militia for fear of a surprise from an enemy that must 
be desperate, yet the gentlemen earnestly recommended 
to any young gentlemen who would chuse to do so, to 
go and assist our brethren in this critical conjuncture, 
and immediately Mr. Thomas "Warring, Mr. Andrew 
Thompson, Mr. James Ogle, Mr. John Hutchinson, 
]Mr. Wier, INIr. Boyde, Mr. Braddock and many more 
marched off, and were followed by above eighty brave 
fellows; it would be doing injustice to merit not to 
mention Mr. Adam Maitland on this important occa- 
sion, he has exerted himself in an extraordinary man- 
ner, and was as far as Drogheda yesterday, to solicit 
arms, &c., from the government, and stopped on hear- 
ing the succours were on their march ; loyal 'Squire 
Johnson of Treymont, went through this country from 
house to house, and collected together every one who 
had a weapon, whom he entertained at his own house, 
and conducted the French prisoners into this town at 
their head, together with a party of gentlemen who 
went to Ban-bridge to receive them ; the same worthy 
gentleman marched to-day at the head of his intrepid 
lads to Carrickfergus, 

" I have no more to add, but confess it is a hard task 
to do justice to the merit of every party vying with 
each other, who shall exert themselves most upon 


this important occasion; tlie Roman catholic gentle- 
men have offered to give their wives and children as 
hostages of their loyalty at this time, and offered to 
march, if the government will please to entrust them 
with arms, along with their fellow subjects against the 
common enemy ; I can assure the public of the truth 
of the following, viz. that the priest of this parish 
offered his own horse, bi'idle and saddle, togetlier with 
daily pay, to any young protestant lad that would 
march down to Carrickfergus. 

" On the first intelligence of the landing of the 
French, nothing could exceed the alacrity of the 
Rich-Hill, Market-Hill, Armagh, Lurgan, and War- 
ringstown militia, who immediately marched for Bel- 
fast; the Rich-Hill militia were conducted by the 
honourable colonel Richardson of the said town. 

" We licar they have broken down one of the long 
bridges of Belfast, to prevent any surprise from the 
county of Down side, as the enemy might easily pass 
over the bay from Carrick to Holliwood, and surprise 
them from that quarter : the gentlemen of Belfast 
behaved in an extraordinary manner on this occasion, 
the most considerable of them takes the meanest militia 
man into his own house, and entertains him at his own 

" The Rev. Mr. Cherry of Taudragee, has set a 
pattern worthy of imitation, who has marched down 
at the head of sixty brave fellows of his congregation ; 
and the Rev. Mr. Michael Henry, of Drumbanaghcr 
has the same number ready to march, only waiting for 



arms ; and the Rev. Mr. Racket of the said parish, is 
industriously encouraging the youths of his congre- 
gation, to embark in the same glorious cause." 

The following passages will set the wisdom, bra- 
very, and at the same time consternation of the Irish 
in a proper light : 

Dublin, Feb. 23, 1760. 

*' Yesterday morning, a little before eleven o'clock, 
an account was received that a body of French, sup- 
posed to be about a thousand men, were landed at 
Carrickfergus, on Thursday moi'ning. Immediately 
upon the receipt of this intelligence, his Grace the 
Lord-Lieutenant gave orders for the assembling with 
the utmost expedition at Newry, four regiments of 
infantry, viz. Pole's, Anstruther's, Sandford's, and 
Sebright's ; and the three rigiments of dragoons, viz. 
Mostyn's, Yorke's, and Whitley's ; and his Grace made 
no doubt, that should the French be hardy enough to 
hazard themselves at any distance from their ships, the 
troops he should be able to get together in a very few 
days, will be more that sufficient to protect the coun- 
try from any violence, and to drive them out of the 
kingdom. And this morning, at half past seven, a 
farther account was received, that lieutenant-colonel 
Jennings had suffered himself, with four companies of 
major-general Strode's regiment under his command at 
Carrickfergus, to be made prisoners of war: and that, 
on the twenty-second, in the morning, about eight 
o'clock, a flag of truce came to Belfast, and made a 
demand of several articles of provisioii, and other 


necessaries, to be delivered that day at two o'clock, 
promising to pay for them ; and threatening, in case 
of refusal, to burn Cai'rickfergus, and afterwards to 
come up and burn Belfast also ; with which demands 
the gentlemen of Belfast thought it best to comply. 
The French prisoners of war had been removed from 
Carrickfergus and Belfast to Lisburn. 

" Dublin, Feb. 24. This evening his Grace the Lord- 
Lieutenant received the following letter from Major- 
General Strode, dated at Belfast, Feb. 23, 1760, at six 
in the evening, viz. 

" Infoi'mation of Benjamin Hall, lieutenant and ad- 
jutant of my regiment, who, this moment, arrived 
here, on his parole, from Carrickfergus, in order to 
get provisions for the officers and soldiers of my 
regiment there, says, that on the twenty-first instant, 
three ships appeared off the isle of Magee, standing 
in shore, for the Bay of Carrickfergus ; and at eleven 
o'clock came to an anchor, about two miles and a half 
to the north-east part of the castle, and within mus- 
quet shot of the shore at Killrute-point. At this time 
the small number of troops belonging to the garrison 
were at exercise, about half a mile on the road to 
Belfast ; and at a quarter after eleven o'clock, the 
guard was turned out, made up, and marched off, to 
relieve that on the French prisoners in the castle ; 
the rest of the men continued in the field of exercise, 
where an account was soon brought, that tlie three 
ships, just come to an anchor, had taken and detained 
two fishing boats, and, with them and several others. 


were plying on and off betwixt the shore and the 
ships; on which immediate orders were sent to the 
castle for both guards to continue under arms, and 
double Gentries over the French prisoners, and be 
particularly strict and watchful over them, till such 
time as they could be satisfied whether they were 
friends or enemies ; though, at the same time, a strong 
report prevailed with some, that it was an English 
frigate, and two store-ships: but to be convinced what 
they were, after the troops had assembled in the 
market-place, the said Lieutenant Hall, went off with 
a reconnoitring party, and took post on a rising ground, 
where he could plainly perceive eight boats landing 
armed men, and that they drew out in detachments, 
and took post on the dykes, hedges, and all the rising 
grounds, from whence they could have most extensive 
views; upon which he gave the necessary orders to his 
non-commissioned officers and men, to have a watch- 
ful eye of their approaches, and to take particular 
care they did not get round them, by going at the foot 
of the hill undiscovered : in order to prevent which, 
he posted them himself, and told them, as soon as ever 
the advance guard came within shot, to fire at them, 
and continue so to do, until they repvdsed them, or if 
necessitated, to retreat, he likewise pointed that out to 
them, with orders to take every opportunity, on ad- 
vantage of the ground, in their retreat, to retard the 
enemy's approach, and to be sure to keep a communi- 
cation with the town as much as possible ; and on this 
he immediately went to the town, and acquainted 


Lieutenant Colonel Jennings, where he found him 
with the troops on the parade, who immediately ordered 
detachments to be made to defend the gates of the 
town, and all the avenues leading thereto. Soon after 
which the reconnoitring party retired, after having 
spent all their ammunition ; during which time, the 
Lieutenant Colonel and chief magistrate of the town, 
sent off the sheriff, and Mv. Mucklevvaine, (who is 
captain of the militia of the corporation), with orders 
to take off the French prisoners of war, and convey 
them with all speed to Belfast, where they were to 
receive further orders from me. By this time the 
enemy were in full march for the town, which he 
computed to be near one thousand men ; and two or 
three straggling hussars, on horses they had picked up 
after landing, attempted to enter the gates ; but on the 
first fire retired, but were soon supported by parties of 
foot, who attacked both the North and Scotch gates, 
as also the garden walls of Lord Donnegall, who were 
repulsed also, and kept back as long as the men had 
ammunition ; on which Colonel Jennings ordered the 
whole to retire to the castle ; which he had sufficient 
time to do, as at this time the enemy was a little- 
checked from our fire ; and would have been more so, 
had the men liad ammunition. Before the gates of the 
castle were shut, they made their appearance in the 
market-place; and then it was in his opinion, the 
destruction of the enemy would have commenced, had 
it not been still (he begs leave again to observe) the 
then dreadful want of aunnunition, notwithstanding 

^c5 j^ ^6 


the supply of powder they had a few days before, from 
Belfast, by my order, but were in want of ball, and 
even time, if they had that, to make them up ; from 
which the enemy, finding our fire so cool, attacked the 
gates sword in hand, which, from the battering of the 
shot on both sides, the bolts were knock'd back, and 
the gates opened, and the enemy marched in ; but 
Lieutenant Colonel Jennings, Lord Wallingford, Cap- 
tain Bland, Lieutenant Ellis, with some gentlemen, 
and about fifty men, repulsed the enemy, and beat 
them back. Here it was he saw great resolution in a 
few Irish boys, who defended the gate, after it was 
opened, with their bayonets ; and those from the Half 
moon, after their ammunition was gone, threw stones 
and bricks. Had this attack of the enemy been sup- 
ported with any degree of courage, they must cer- 
tainly have succeeded in it, but they retired back under 
cover, leaving the gates open with our men in the 
front of it, which gave them a short time to consider 
what was the best to be done ; first to see the men's 
ammunition, which, if they had had any, would have 
certainly sallied, and even so without it, had not 
Colonel Jennings, and all the officers thought the 
enterprize too hazardous. Then they considered, if 
the gate could be defended, the breach in the castle 
wall could not, it being near fifty feet long ; and having 
but a short time to deliberate, all agreed a parly should 
be beat, and Lieutenant Hall sent out to know on what 
terms they might surrender; which was accordingly 


done ; and on his going out, found the greatest part of 
the enemy under shelter of the old walls and houses 
before the castle-gate ; and after the usual ceremony, 
demanded of the Commandant, (the General being 
wounded), what terms would be given the troops on 
their surrender, and at the same time sent the drum to 
call Colonel Jennings out of the castle, in order to 
treat with the French Commandant on articles of 
capitulation, which, he says, as well as he can re- 
member, were as follows : viz. 

" Colonel Jennings demanded, that the troops should 
march out with all the honours of war, and the offi- 
cers to be on their parole in Ireland, and not be sent 
prisoners to France ; the soldiers also to stay in Ireland, 
and that an equal number of French prisoners should 
be sent to France, within one month, or as soon after 
as ships could be got ready for that purpose. Granted. 

" That the castle of Carrickfergus should not be 
demolished, or any of the stores destroyed or taken 
out of it. Granted. 

" That the town and county of Cai'rickfergus should 
not be plundered or burnt, on condition the mayor and 
corporation furnished the French troops with neces- 
sary provisions. Granted. 

" This, as well as he can remember, was the verbal 
articles agreed on, though on writing them, the French 
Commandant, after consulting his principal officers, 
declared he could not by any means, answer to his 
master, the French king, granting to his Britanic- 


Majesty the stores in tlie castle, which he insisted 
upon ; and Colonel Jennings, to his great grief, had it 
not in his power to refuse, declaring solemnly, at the 
same time, with a grave countenance, that he had 
rather have been buried in the ruins. To which the 
French Commandant replied, that he could not insert 
it in the articles of capitulation, yet he would give his 
word and honour, and did so, that if there was nothing 
of great value in the castle, belonging to the king, 
besides powder, he would not touch it, (which there 
really was not) but how far he will keep his promise 
is not yet known. Likewise the magistrates of Car- 
rickfergus, not furnishing the French with necessary 
provisions, they plundered the town, declaring it was 
their own fault, as they were convinced they had it in 
their own power to supply them, as they had found 
enough in the town afterwards. 

" Mr. Hall further informs me, that he has discovered 
by some of the French, thei*e was a disagreement 
betwixt their General and Captain Thurot, the Gene- 
ral being for the attack of Carrick, and Thurot for 
landing at the Whitehouse, and attacking Belfast. He 
likewise judged the frigates to be, one of forty guns, 
the other two about twenty each. 

" Lieutenant Hall begs leave to present his duty to 
your Grace, and hopes your Grace will excuse any 
inaccuracy that may be in his description, as he was 
no ways provided with any papers, but his memory, 
and often interrupted by numbers of gentlemen of the 


militia, wlio were crowding perpetually in the roora to 
receive oi'ders." 

" I beg leave to subscribe myself, 
" My Lord, &c. 

" Will. Strode." 
Belfast, Feb. 23, 1760. 

Besides this, I do not think there is anything to be 
depended upon that we have heard, every one knows 
of the engagement which ensued between his Majes- 
ty's ships and those of Thurot's little squadron, upon 
his leaving Ireland ; and of this engagement no account 
can be so faithful, as that to be found in the following: 

Copy of a letter from Captain Elliott, of his Majesty's 
ship ^olus, to Mr. Cleveland, dated in Ramsey 
Bay, in the Isle of Man, the 29th of February, 
"Please to acquaint the Right Hon. my Lords Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty, that on the 24th instant 
I received information at Kinsale, from his Grace the 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, that there were three 
ships of the enemy's at Carrickfergus. The same 
evening I sailed with his Majesty's ship under my 
command, together with the Pallas and Brilliant, in 
quest of them. I made the entrance of Carrickfei'gus 
on the evening of the 26th, but could not get in, the 
wind being contrary, and very bad weather. On the 
28th, at four in the morning, we got sight of them, 
and gave chacc. About nine I got \\\) along-side their 
commodore, (off the Isle of Man), and in a few minutes 


after tlie action became general, and lasted about 
an hour and half, when they all three struck their 
colours. They are, the Marshal Bellisle of forty-four 
guns, and five hundred and forty-five men, including 
troops, M. Thurot commander, who is killed ; the La 
Blond of thirty-two guns, and four hundred men, 
commanded by Captain La Kayce; and the Terpsi- 
chore of twenty-six guns, and three hundred men, 
commanded by Captain Desrauaudais. I put into this 
road to repair the ships, who are all much disabled in 
their masts and rigging, the Marshal Bellisle in par- 
ticular, Avho lost her boltsprit, mizen-mast, and main- 
yard in the action, and it was with great difficulty we 
prevented her sinking. 

" It is with the greatest pleasure I acquaint their 
Lordships that the officers and men of his Majesty's 
ships behaved remarkably well on this occasion. 

" I shall use the greatest dispatch in getting the ships 
refitted, and purpose returning to Plymouth, or some 
other port in England, as soon as possible, if I do not 
receive their Lordships' directions before the ships are 
got ready. 

" Inclosed is an account of the killed and wounded 
on board his Majesty's ships. 

" I am, &c. 

"John Elliott." 

Killed. Wounded. 

^olus - - 4 15 

Pallas - - 1 5 

BrilUunt - - 11 


" N.B. I find it impossible to ascex'taiii the number of 
the enemy killed and wounded, but by the best ac- 
counts I can get they amount to about three hundred." 

As to Thurot's person, it was rather robust than 
genteel, and he was rather comely than handsome ; 
very brown, and extremely florid ; he was about six or 
seven and thirty years old, and had a very small scar 
under his left eye, which was rather an advantage to 
him than otherwise. This, I think, is a faithful pic- 
ture of him, unless he was much altered from the time 
I saw him, till he was killed. 

There were several bales of merchandize found on 
board his ships, particularly linens; however, I am 
well assured that he paid for every thing he had in 
Ireland, as well as he was able ; but it might, and no 
doubt was, a thing impossible to restrain the rapacity 
of his people. 

He behaved with the greatest bravery imaginable ; 
had lost one of his arms near au hour, and received 
his death wound above half an hour before he quitted 
the deck. 

While he lived, he insisted on the ship being fought; 
but as soon as the breath was out of his body, the 
whole squadron struck. 

Nothing could equal the courage of Captain Elliot, 
his Majesty's commander, but his humanity ; he would 
not suiFer any thing to be touched in Thurot's ship, 
made sacred by his dead body: Alexander himself did 
not more bewail the deatli of Darius than Captain 
Elliot did the loss of Thurot. 


As soon as the shattered ships got to the Isle of 
Man, Thurot's body was taken on shore, and embalmed, 
after which he was buried with all those military hon- 
ours which his courage and conduct so well deserved ; 
and Captain Elliot gave all his officers liberty to 
attend his funeral, himself walking in the procession. 

Thus fell the brave Thurot ! — a mirror of the fickle 
state of human affairs, and an example to all men,, 
particularly those in a military capacity, by what steps 
to gain the height of favour among friends, and re- 
spect among enemies. 


London : KicLards, St. Martin's Laue. 







^t tfiat <!5ngIonti tooult) bin, 
^W6t tottt Jrelanti first tegtii. 

Old Froverb. 

Mais il ne coiisideie I'lrlande que conime le cliemin de Loiuires.' 
Life nf General Hoche. 




€f)t ^errp ^on'etp. 


THOMAS AMYOT, Esq. F.R.S. Treas S.A. 





J. H. DIXON, Esq. 





J. S. MOORE, Esq. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F R.S., F..«!..\ 



THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq, .M.A., F.S.A,, Sccnhiry 

and Triasvnr. 


In the advertisement prefixed to the fifty-fourth 
issue of the Percy Society, in February 1 845, it is 
stated, that the reprint of a memoir of Thurot 
was to be considered as an introduction to such 
songs as the editor coukl collect, illustrative of 
the capture of Oarrickfergus by the French in 
1760. To the account given in this memoir, a 
general sketch of the state of affairs previous to, 
and at this period, may not be unacceptable, 
gleaned from the London Gazette^ the Annual 
Register, John Wesley's Journal, and Mac 
Skimin's History of Carrickfergus ; verified by 
some additional particulars, from original official 
documents in the records of the Admiralty office, 
and manuscript letters from Captain Elliot and 
the officers of his squadron, which latter have been 
most kindly communicated to the editor by Mr. 
Robert Cole, of Token-house Yard.* From the col- 

* Viz. :— 

3 letters from Captain John Elliot, dated 11 March 1760, 
29 May, and 14 August 1761. 


lation of these materials, some important eiTors 
in dates are rectified, and a few details preserved 
that may now be regarded as possessing historical 

During the Spring, Summer, and Autumn of 
1 759, active preparations were going forward at 
most of the ports of France, for an invasion of 
the British dominions. Thurot was appointed to 
the command of a small squadron fitting out at 
Dunkirk, which consisted of 




Le Marechal Belleisle 

- 48 



La Blond 

- 36 




- 24 




- 36 



Amaranthe - 

- 24 



With 2 Cutters as Tenders. 

and which force, according to the rumour of the 
day, was destined to effect a landing in Scotland. 
The design against England, report stated, was 
to have been carried into effect, by the transport 
of troops from Havre, and other parts of Nor- 

2 letters from Captain Jas. Loggie, 12 and 15 Nov. 1761. 
1 ditto „ Lieut. Peter Forhes, 29 March 1760. 
1 ditto „ Thos. Pasley, Dd. Jefferson, and Wm. Shan- 
1 ditto „ Mr. Lewis Brown, 10 March 1760. 
1 ditto „ Mr. John Wilson, 13 March 1760. 
Messrs. Innes and Hope's account with Captain Elliot, 
22 Oct. 1761. 

raandy, in " flat -bottomed boats," which, as the 
editor hopes to be able to shew by an illustration 
in part III, were the "bugaboos" of popular 
opinion in all invasions from France. The third 
descent was to have been made upon the South 
of Ireland, from Vannes in Lower Brittany, 
where a considerable body of troops were assem- 
bled under the command of the Duke d'Aiguillon, 
the governor of that province ; and the transport 
of these troops was to have been protected by a 
formidable fleet of ships of war, which had been 
fitted out at Brest, and was commanded by M. 
de Conflans. *' Had this design," observes the 
writer in the Annual Register, " been such as it 
was represented, and had it been put into ex- 
ecution, there is no doubt, that such an attempt 
upon both kingdoms at three different places at 
once, must have thrown the whole into no small 

Dunkirk was watched by a squadron under 
Commodore Boys, which however Thurot con- 
trived to evade. Admiral Rodney bombarded 
Havre. Hawke blocked up the harbour of Brest, 
and with a small squadron kept a watch on that 
of Vannes. 

After the defeat experienced by the French at 
the battle of Minden, greater exertions were used 
to forward the projected invasion. 


The winter did not delay the operations at 
Vannes, as it was hoped that season would 
compel the English squadron to retire, and indeed 
a violent storm did oblige Sir Edward Hawke to 
quit his station off Brest, and with his fleet to 
anchor in Torbay. On the 14th November, the 
French fleet under Conflans sailed. On the 
same day Hawke put to sea ; and a general 
action took place on the 20tli November : now 
remembered as Hawke"'s victory. 

On the 15th October,* Thurot with his small 
squadron, favoured by a hazy night, got out of 
Dunkirk, and after touching at Ostend, sailed 
the next evening for Gottenburg, where they 
arrived on the 26th, and after procuring supplies 
of provisions and other stores there, put to sea 
on the 14th November, the same day with 
Conflans and Hawke. A strong gale dispersed 
Thurot's squadron in the night between the 15th 
and 16th, and four of his vessels only joined 
company the next day. The Begon had received 
so much damage that she was compelled to return 
to Dunkirk; and was supposed to have foundered. 
On the 17th, his squadron anchored at Bergen in 
Norway, where they remained until the 5th 

* The Annual Register for 1760 says the 5th, Thurot's 
Memoir the 22n':l : both are wrong. 


December, when they weighed and steered north- 
ward, and from the 14th to the 27 th, were beating 
about within sight of the Fero Islands, but 
without being able to make them. 

A g-eneral council was called on the 1st 
January, when it was resolved that each man''8 
allowance should be reduced to ten ounces of 
biscuit, and half a septier of wine or spirits per 
day. Notwithstanding this regulation they had 
no more biscuit left than would serve them to the 
14th, and of wine and spirits only to the 1st of 
February. It was then determined to steer the 
first fair gale for Londonderry, as Thurot's in- 
structions were to attempt the capture of that 
town, but if the winds continued contrary, he was 
to sail for Finance. 

On Saturday the 1 6th February, Thurot's ship 
appeared on the north-east coast of Islay : when 
two of the islanders, named Macnoil and Mac- 
donald went off in a small boat, believing the 
vessel to be English, and in want of a pilot. At 
this time the Belleisle had been seriously strained 
by the stormy weather, and was so leaky that two 
pumps were constantly kept going, and sometimes 
all the six together. Macneil and Macdonald 
were introduced into Thurot's cabin, where they 
found him with ten or twelve officers at dinner. 
Wino and glasses were placed before the visitors ; 

Thurot and a gentleman who acted as interpreter 
to the land officers alone, spoke in English. And 
here it was that Thurot first heard of the defeat 
of Conflans by Hawke, which was told him by 
Mr. INIacdonald. Thurot gave no credit to the 
fact, until Macdonald shewed him the account 
in a Magazine, which he had in his pocket. 
When this was communicated to the other par- 
ties at the dinner table, they are said to have 
" hung down their heads and laid down their 
knives and forks." After a short conversation 
about the safety of the anchorage, Mr. Macneil 
was desired to go ashore, and tell the country 
people that they had nothing to fear, and that all 
that would be required was some fresh provisions, 
to be paid for in ready money. But Mr. Mac- 
donald, in consequence of his possessing a printed 
account of Hawke's victory, was retained on 
board the Belleisle for some days, during which 
time he was treated with the utmost politeness. 

On Sunday the 17th February, a council of 
war, of the land and sea officers, was held in the 
great cabin of the Belleisle, at which Mac- 
donald was present. According to his report, this 
council consisted of thirteen members, of whom 
eleven gave their opinion for plundering, burning, 
and destroying the country. 

" Thurot and one other oidy were of a differ- 


ent opinion, and spoke with some warmth against 
the majority. He tokl them they might, if they 
pleased, go ashore, but swore that not a man of 
them shoukl ever set foot on board the Belleisle, 
if they were guilty of the smallest irregularity ; 
and at length he brought from his trunk the 
French king's orders, which expressly forbid their 
committing any hostilities, unless they met with 
opposition in Scotland."" 

Previous to this declaration, it would appear, 
that Thurot had denied to Mr. Macdonald, all 
knowledge of an act of aggresson, committed by 
the long boats of the Belleisle, upon the night 
when that vessel anchored in Claggencarrock 
Bay, when two sloops were plundered, from one 
of which, belonging to Mr. Macdonald, five tons 
of flour had been taken, and in payment for which 
Thurot insisted on his receiving fifty guineas. 
Macdonald's reply was, " that the flour was 
overpaid, being somewhat damnified before.'' 
Ul)on this, Thurot remarked, "• that it was good 
enough for those who were to eat it," and added, 
" that no good merchant should spoil his own 

After the council of war broke up, Thurot 
landed, and entered into a nogociation witli 
Mr. Campbell of Ardmorc, respecting the purcluiso 
of some live cattle, poultry, and corn ; and so far 

amicably arranged matters that about 200 soldiers 
were allowed to land to bring off the supply of 
provisions his little squadron so much required. 
Respecting the condition of these soldiers, a con- 
temporary writer says, " these poor creatures 
had no sooner touched dry land, than with their 
bayonets they fell to digging up herbs and every 
green thing they met with, at length they came 
to a field of potatoes, which they very eagerly dug, 
and after shaking off the earth, and wiping them 
a little on their waistcoats, eat them up, raw as 
they were, with the greatest keenness." Forty- 
eight head of cattle were procured for the general 
supply, and seven sacks of barley in grain were 
sent on board each vessel, with a quern or hand- 
mill to grind it. 

Thurot quietly embarked, after presenting 
Mr. Macdonald with a handsome double-bar- 
reled fuzee, valued at twelve or fifteen guineas. 
When Mr. Campbell complained to Thurot that 
the commissary of the land-forces had valued his 
cattle at twenty shillings a head, and had given 
him a bill on the French resident at the Hague 
for that amount ; Thurot replied that the bill 
was not worth a farthing; and ordered the officer, 
after upbraiding him for his attempt to cheat an 
honest frcntleman, to value the cattle at fifty 
•shillings a head, to pay down fifty guineas in part, 


which was all the English gold he had, and to 
draw a bill for the remainder on the French king's 
banker at Paris, which Thurot assured Mr. Camp- 
bell was good money, even though the banker 
should not honour it, for that the commissary- 
general was rich, and might easily be forced to 
pay it, if the other party should refuse. " Every 
other thing they got," it is stated, " was paid for 
in ready money.'" 

On the morning of Thursday the 21st February, 
Thurot's squadron, reduced by the desertion of 
the Amarinthe to three frigates, appeare^l off the 
Island of Magee, standing in shore for the Bay of 
Oarrickfergus ; where, at eleven o'clock, they came 
to anchor, scarcely distant three miles from the 
town, and within musket-shot of the point of 
Kilroot. The small garrison of Oarrickfergus 
consisted of four companies of the 62nd regiment, 
which did not amount to 150 men, who were, at the 
moment, exercising in a field half a mile from the 
town, on the Belfast road. At a quarter after 
eleven the guard was turned out, made up, and 
marched to relieve the guard on the French pri- 
soners in the castle; an old and ruinous fortifica- 
tion built upon a rock which adjoins the town, 
and projects into the Bay. The rest of the men 
continued in the field, where intelligence soon 
arrived that throe ships, which at first were taken 


for Indiamen and then for an English frigate and 
two store ships, had seized a couple of fishing 
boats, and with these boats and several others 
were plying between the shore and the ships, land- 
ing soldiers. An order was immediately des- 
patched to the castle, by lieutenant colonel 
Jennings, the commanding officer, for both guards 
to continue under arms, and to double the sentries 
over the French prisoners, with directions to be 
particularly strict and watchful upon them, until 
it could be ascertained whether the disembarking 
troops were friends or enemies. The garrison 
soldiers, most of whom were recruits, then marched 
from the exercise field to the market-place of 
Carrickfergus, and the adjutant. Lieutenant Ben- 
jamin Hall was despatched with a small party to 
reconnoitre. From the rising ground upon which 
he posted himself, Mr. Hall observed eight boats 
landing armed men, who formed in detached bodies 
and took up the most advantageous positions they 
could find. " My daughter," said Mrs. Cobham 
to John Wesley, " came running in and said, 
' Mamma, there are three Indiamen come into the 
bay, and I suppose my brothers are come in them"" 
(who had been in the East Indies for some time). 
An hour afterwards, she came in and cried, ' Oh, 
mamma, they say they are Frenchmen ; and they 


are landing, and their guns glitter in the sun."' " 
After posting his little party, Lieutenant Hall left 
them, with instructions to fire upon the French 
troops as they advanced and to retard their pro- 
gress as much as possible, and he hurried back to 
Carrickfergus, to inform Colonel Jennings that 
there could be no doubt of the hostile intention of 
the body of men just landed, whom he estimated 
at one thousand. Detachments were immediately 
made for the defence of the town and the ap- 
proaches to it : the French prisoners of war were 
instantly marched off to Belfast in charge of the 
sheriff, and escorted by forty townsmen under 
the command of Mr. James Mucklewaine, or 
Mcllwain; and the Mayor (Willoughby Chaplin) 
requested Colonel Jennings to inform him what 
his instructions were with respect to defending 
Carrickfergus. The Colonel is traditionally said 
to have coolly received the demand of the 
mayor by the offer of a pinch of snuflT, which 
being impatiently accepted by his worship, and 
after taking a huge one himself, he laconically 
replied to the question, "Fiddle-de-de,''' The mayor 
demanded a more distinct answer, when Colonel 
Jennings said that, considering the smallness of 
the force at his disposal, not one hundred and 
fifty men, and as had been reported to him the 
numerical superiority of the enemy, together with 

the ruinous state of the castle, he deemed resist- 
ance rather unnecessary. But the valiant mayor, 
with no doubt the memory of the fame of the 
defence of Londonderry in his mind, notwith- 
standing that there was a breach in the castle 
wall towards the sea of fifty feet, that it did not 
possess a single cannon mounted, and that there 
were only a few rounds of ball cartridge for the 
soldiers, regarded the Castle of Carrickfergus as 
impregnable, and angrily insisted upon resistance, 
accompanied by the threat of reporting the con- 
duct of Colonel Jennings to the government, if 
he declined the defence; and it would appear from 
the London Gazette (No. 9978) that some such 
communication was actually made, as it is there 
chronicled, in the ofiicial document which records 
the capture of Carrickfergus, that " Lt.- Colonel 
Jennings had suffered himself with four companies 
of ^lajor-GeneraPs Strode's regiment to be made 
prisoners of war." 

Upon the mayor's declaration. Colonel Jen- 
nings retired into the castle, and aware of the 
want of sufficient stores there, for any serious op- 
position, made the best preparations in his power 
for a temporary stand, and his small force was 
joined by the mayor, Lieutenant Hercules Ellis, 
and a few other zealous and loyal inhabitants ; 
and here it is only right to state, in using the 


word loyal, that there was no mark whatever of 
disaffection among the inhabitants of Carrick- 
fergus at the period of this surprise. 

The French advanced against the town in two 
bodies, one marching up to the East, or Water 
Gate, by what is called the Scotch Quarter, the 
other crossing: the fields to — 


Twelve soldiers and a coi'poral wore posted on 
the wall. They fired upon the advancing enemy, 
when General Flaubert fell, his leg having been 
broken by a musket ball, and he was carried into 
the house of Mr. James Craig. The next in 
command, traditionally said to have been " the 
young Marquis D'Estrees," then led on the divi- 
sion, and entered the High Street by the Water 
Gate, where after a few shots had boon firod, it 


was joined in the market-place by the division 
that had forced its way down North Street with 
the loss of an officer and several men. The small 
party of the 62nd, by whom the town walls were 
defended, having expended all their ammunition, 
four rounds, retired into the castle. During the 
firing, in the High Street, between the advanced 
division and the retreating English soldiers, a 
child, the son of Mr. John Seeds, the sheriff, ran 
between the conflicting parties, which, the Marquis 
D'Estrees observing, took the boy up in his arms, 
and seizing a musket from a soldier, who had 
just fired it, sledged in with the butt end the 
door of a house in the High Street, which hap- 
pened to be that of the child's father, and after 
placing him in the hall, immediately returned to 
resume hostilities. The child was subsequently 
Dr. Thomas Seeds, of the Royal Navy, by whom 
the Editor was told the circumstance, which is 
mentioned by Mac Skirain as a " tradition of old 

The united divisions proceeded from the market- 
place against the castle, in the most determined 
manner, and readily forced the outward gate, 
which had not been properly secured by the re- 
tiring party of the 62nd. Although the num- 
ber of men within the Castle of Carrickfergus 
amounted only to one hundred and sixty-two, and 


tlio French force was estimated at between seven 
and eight hundred, they were received with so 
warm a fire, that they retreated with some loss, 
especially that of their humane and gallant leader, 
the Marquis D'Estrees, who is described " as a 
remarkably fine-looking man."" Upon the gate 
being forced open he was the first to enter; " at 
which time he was observed to kiss a miniature 
picture that he took from his bosom." Upon his 
fall, the French troops which he had headed, took 
up position under cover of the adjoining houses, 
and an old wall, north of the castle, when Colonel 
Cavenac immediately assumed the command, and 
formed for the assault. Perceiving this movement, 
and the ammunition of the besieged being nearly 
exhausted, it was determined by them to beat a 
parley and capitulate upon honorable terms, sti- 
pulating that the town should not be plundered. 
The number of troops who surrendered, amounted to 
10 officers, 11 sergeants, 10 corporals, 5 drummers, 
and 102 rank and file, of the garrison, there had 
been 2 killed and 3 wounded. And in the en- 
counter about 50 of the French were killed, among 
whom were three officers; " They were buried," 
says MacSkimin, "close by the castle, inthegi'ound 
now (1829) occupied as a garden by the Ord- 
nance storekeeper." This surrender, which suited 
the views of both parties, was followed by an 


agreement to furnish the French troops with pro- 
visions in six hours; but that could not be per- 
formed, there not being a sufficient supply in the 
town. " On this," says John Wesley in his Jour- 
nal, " Mr, Cavenac sent for Mr. Cobham, and de- 
sired him to go to Belfast and procure them, 
leaving his wife with the general as a hostage for 
his return. But the poor Frenchmen could not 
stay for this. At the time prefixed, they began 
to serve themselves with meat and drink, having 
been in such want that they were glad to eat raw 
oats to sustain nature. They accordingly took 
all the food they could find, with some linen and 
wearing apparel; but they neither hurt nor af- 
fronted man, woman, or child, nor did any mis- 
chief for mischiefs sake, though they were suffi- 
ciently provoked ; for many of the inhabitants af- 
fronted them without fear or wit, cursed them to 
their face, and even took up pokers and other 
things to strike them." 

The terms on which the garrison of Carrick- 
fergus surrendered are given in the Memoirs of 
TImrot. They are stated to have been signed 
by Colonel Jennings and Colonel Dusulier, in the 
house of William Wilkinson, in the High Street, 
in the presence of Thurot, who " spoke English 
fluently, and was very polite." The French offi- 
cers invited the Mayor to dine with them. After 


dinner, " the glass," says Mac Skimin, " having 
circulated freely, Thurot requested Mr, Chaplin 
to sing a song; who, after some entreaties from 
the different officers, complied; and sung, with 
much spirit, ' The British Grenadiers.' Thurot 
heard him out with perfect good-nature ; but some 
of the officers who understood English were rather 
ruffled." The French being masters of Carrick- 
ferguSj guards were placed by them in the evening, 
on the different roads leading into the town, and 
sentinels on the houses of some of the principal 
inhabitants. On the first alarm the more timid 
fled ; those who remained, shut up their doors 
and windows; and considering that some cases 
of intoxication occurred among the French sol- 
diers, it is surprising that so little damage was 
done or plunder committed. When Wesley en- 
quired of Colonel Cavenac, — (who had told him, 
that being almost famished, having only one 
ounce of broad per man daily, they had landed 
merely to procure provisions,) — whether they had 
a design to burn the town? he cried out, " Jesu 
Maria ! we never had such a thought. To burn, 
to destroy, cannot enter into the heart or head of 
a good man.*''' 

That plunder to any great extent did not take 
place, is proved by the Irish House of Commons 
granting, on the 21st October following, only the 


small sum of ^£^4285 12 0^, in full compensation 
to the inhabitants of Carrickfergus for their losses 
by the French ; about £ GOO of which was after- 
wards returned to the government. Among the 
items was £11 for the church plate. In June of 
the next year, an additional £ 200, was paid to 
Mr. John Campbell, Surgeon, for his losses. 

Mac Skimin relates an anecdote, which al- 
though it may establish his statement, " that 
many houses were broken into, and despoiled of 
their most valuable effects : and even the church 
was robbed of its plate," tends to shew how 
trifling this plunder must have been. " Two 
French soldiers going into the house of an old 
woman, called Mave Dempsey, one of them took 
her silk handkerchief, and was putting it into his 
pocket ; when Mave, who was a pious Roman 
Catholic, presented her beads at him, doubtless 
expecting that he would be struck with compunc- 
tion by such a forcible appeal to his conscience. 
' Ah !' said the soldier, with a significant shrug, 
' dat be good for your soul — dis be good for my 
body.' It was observed, that the French soldiers 
never lost their national politeness. 

" On one occasion, in taking a lady's ear-rings, 
the soldier who requested to have them, made as 
many bows, scrapes, and motions with his hand, 
as one of our most consummate dandies on enter- 
ing a drawing-room." 


Xor is there any good evidence to fix the loss 
of the church plate on the French. For on the 
morning of Friday, the day after the surrender of 
Carrickfergus, it appears that John Hagan, the 
mayor''s servant, who had been hiding his master's 
plate near lower Woodburn Bridge, was called 
on by a sentinel to stand ; but hastening his pace, 
he was fired at and shot. 

In the course of Friday, the French liberated 
most of the prisoners confined in the county of 
Antrim goal. There was only one woman in the 
prison of the county of the town of Carrickfergus, 
charged with the murder of her child, and they 
did not release her, " professing the utmost 
detestation of the crime with which she stood 

As the town of Carrickfergus could not produce 
the required supply of provisions, the Rev. David 
Fullerton, a dissenting clergyman, accompanied 
by a French officer, proceeded to Belfast with a 
flag of truce, and a letter to the sovereign of that 
town ; demanding provisions to the value of about 
6^1200, which it was stated would be paid for, 
and threatening, if not immediately sent, to burn 
both Belfast and Carrickfergus. The answer re- 
turned was, that " their wishes would be complied 
with as soon as possible;" and, in part of the de- 
mand, two lighters were loaded on Friday evening. 


but tho weather was so rough that tliey wore 
unable to sail. On Saturday morning, a flag of 
truce was sent from Belfast to the French com- 
mandant, to state the cause of the delay, and to 
assure him that one lighter would, if possible, 
proceed with the evening tide : this vessel did so, 
but was stopped in Garmoyle by a tender com- 
manded by Lieutenant Gentil. Intelligence having 
reached Carrickfergus that armed parties had been 
seen in motion, from the assembling of some militia, 
and the expected supply of provisions not having 
arrived, another flag of truce was despatched to 
Belfast, with a letter from Mr. Fullerton to the 
sovereign, acquainting him that if the provisions 
were not forthcoming early next morning, the 
French " would burn Carrickfergus, put the in- 
habitants to the sword, and march to Belfast." 

" These threats had the desired effect ; for 
early on Sunday, some cars arrived from Belfast, 
with part of the promised provisions, and a num- 
ber of live bullocks, with which returned as drovers 
some of the inhabitants who had guarded the 
French prisoners to Belfast. The lighter that 
had been detained, also arrived about the same 
time, and the enemy were very busy this evening 
in getting provisions and fresh water on board. 
ISIonday they continued actively employed as 
above, and evidently were in some confusion ; it 


was believed they had received notice of the troops 
marching against them," 

On Tuesday, the last of the French force, which 
consisted of volunteer drafts from regular reiri- 
ments,* embarked from the Quay of Carrick- 
fergus, at four in the afternoon, taking with them 
the Mayor, Mr. Spaight, port surveyor, and the 
Rev. David Fullerton, as hostages for the de- 
livery of the French prisoners.' The latter 
gentleman, being very unwell, was afterwards put 
on shore at Kilroot. 

They had scarcely left the town, when the 
advanced guard of tl\e English forces arrived 
from Belfast, whither the following regiments had 
been marched, with all speed from different parts 
of the kingdom : Pole's (10th), Anstruther's 
(26th), Sandford's (o2nd), and Seabright's foot ; 
with Mostyn's, Yorke's, and Whitley's (7th, 8th, 
and 9th Light) Dragoons. 

At four in the morning of the following 
Thursday (28th) Captain Elliot's squadron got 
sight of Thurot's ship, and gave chase. 

* French Guards. Le Comte De Kersalls Commandant, 
M. de Cavcnac Colonel. 
Swiss Guards. Cassailas „ 

Regiment of Burgundy. De Roussilly ,, 

„ Camkisc. Frcchcan „ 

Hussars Lc Comte de Skerdeck „ 
Volunteers Etrangers „ 


The details of the action supplied by the logs 
of these vessels are as follows: — 

H.M.S.^olus.—" Wednesday, 27th February 
1760.— Wind W.N.W. and N.W. strong gales 
and squally. 

" 28th.— Wind N. by W. N.N.W. N. by E.N- 

"Aire point. Isle of Man.— S.S.E. ^ E. distance 
2 miles. First part, strong gales and squally, 
latter, moderate and clear weather. Wore ship 
several times, by reason of the narrowness of the 
channel, at 8 p.m. Mull of Galloway, E. by N. 7 
miles. At 12 Copland Light, N.W. i N. 4 leagues, 
at 3 A. M. discovered 3 sails to windward, cleared 
ship and gave chase, at 6 discovered the chase to 
be the enemy's, fired two chase guns, which they 
returned ; at half past 6 got close along side the 
largest of the enemy and engaged, and soon after 
the action became general, and continued about 
an hour and half, when our antagonist struck her 
colours, as did the other two soon follow her 
example. They proved to be the Marshall Bellisle, 
Mon. Thurott commander, the La Blond, and 
Terpsichore (being lockt with the M. Bellisle) 
was obliged to let go our small B''. anchor to 
clear us, slipt the cable and bore away for Ram- 
sey Bay in the Isle of Man, to refit the ships 
which were all greatly disabled in the action. We 


had 4 men killed, and 15 men wounded, the enemy 
about 300 killed and wounded, amongst the first 
was Mons. Thurott, Commodore, with several 
officers of distinction." 

"Friday 29. — Wind N.E. Moored in Ramsey 
Bay. Light breezes and cloudy at 3 p.m. an- 
chored in Ramsey Bay, B*- B'- and moored a 
cable each way. It was with great difficulty we 
kept the M. Bellisle from sinking, she having six 
foot in the hold. A.M. employed repairing our 
rigging &c. 

"Saturday, March 1. — N.W. Moored in Ram- 
sey Bay, ditto weather, sailed the Pallas with five 
hundred prisoners for Belfast; employed fishing, 
the masts being all wounded." 

The log of the Brilliant, Captain James Loggie, 
represents that vessel to be on the 28th February 
distant three miles from the point of Air, in the Isle 
of Man, S. E.i S. At 8, when the enemy struck, 
the Point, bearing S.E. by S. distant Tor 8 miles, 
A Lieutenant and 30 men were put on board La 
Blonde prize ; and the Pallas is recorded to have 
sailed on the 1st for Ireland, with 550 prisoners. 

Thclogof the Pallas, Captain Michael Clements, 
states that vessel to bo on the 28 February 1760, 
with the Point of Air on the Isle of Man, S.E. 
by E. distant 2 miles. 

" First part, fresh gales and s(|ually, middle 


and latter moderate and fair, at 3 P.M. unbent 
the mainsail, and bent another, at 4 A.M. isaw 
three strange ships on our weather bow, bearing 
down upon us, cleared ship and gave them chase, 
they hauled their wind for the Mull of Galloway, then 
bore away right before it, at daylight were almost 
within gun shot, out 3rd and 2nd reefs of the to p 
sails, got up top gallant yards, quarter past 6 the 
^olus made the signal for engaging. They proved 
to be the Marshal Bellisle, La Blond, and La 
Terpsichore French frigates; half-past 6 began 
to engage, and at 8 they struck. During the 
engagement had one man killed and two wounded, 
our sails and rigging very much damaged, one 
shot through our main mast, and our best bower 
anchor shot away, when they struck the Point of 
Air on the Isle of Man, bore S.E. distant S or 4 
miles, at 9, the ^olus made the signal to anchor, 
and bore away for Ramsay Bay, sent our first 
lieutenant, a mate and nineteen men on board the 
Terpsichore. At noon the Point of Air S.E. by 
E. distance 2 miles, the Commodore made our 
signal to stay by the Bellisle, she having made 
the signal of distress." 

2nd March — employed sending the prisoners 
ashore to Carrickfergus. 

Such are the meagre accounts supplied by the 
official documents respecting this smart action; — 


nor do the private letters communicated by Mr. 
Cole, furnish any anecdotes, as they are all most 
business-like; — one from the first lieutenant of 
the ^olus to his agents, may serve as an 

" Portsmouth, 29 March 60. 
" Gentlemen, 

I received your favour of the 27th 
with pleasure, and am much obliged to you for 
your good wishes in setting me down Commander 
of the Bellisle ; I wish Lord Anson could be 
brought to think as you do, I might then be 
satisfy'd tho' with a much less ship ; my command 
is yet very uncertain. As for the particulars you 
desire to know, they really are soon told, for I 
know no more than three English frigates en- 
gaging three French and taking them. As for 
making you part agents, was it in my power you 
should have tho whole, you shall be mine while 
you think it worth while. I should by this post 
send you up my journals, but wait to see whether 
I may make them up for my whole time in the 
iEolus, or a twelve month only. 

" I am, Gentleman, with esteem, 

" Your obliged humble servant, 
P. Forbes." 
Captain Elliot, after placing some of his men, 
who were dangerously wounded, on shore in Ram- 


sey, under the care of Mr. Thomas Gillespie, 
surgeon of that place, dispatched the Pallas with 
some of his prisoners to Carrickfergus, and hired 
a small vessel for the transport of 200 more of 
them to Whitehaven. On the 3rd of March the 
Pallas returned from Carrickfergus, after landing 
450 prisoners ; and H. M. S. Nightingale and 
Weazle having arrived in Ramsey Bay, 158 super- 
numeraries and marine recruits were discharsed 
from them into the iEolus and Brilliant, for the 
purpose of manning the three prizes, and with the 
Pallas in company, the six frigates sailed on the 
7th from Ramsey. On the 9th the wind changing. 
Captain Elliot judged it right to bear away for 
Kinsale, where he arrived with his little vic- 
torious squadron on the 10th, and from whence he 
proceeded to Spithead, where he anchored on the 
25th March. 

" The Irish House of Commons voted their 
thanks to the several captains of His Majesty''s 
ships of war, who on the 28th February signalized 
their courage and conduct, in pursuing, defeating, 
and taking the French squadron, that rashly and 
fruitlessli/ presumed to insidt the coasts of that Jcmg- 
dom ; expressing their high sense of the honour 
and advantage accrued to that kingdom by their 
diligence, bravery, and success ; and the dis- 
couragement thereby given to such vain attempts 

for the future."'"' And likewise to lieutenant- 
colonel Jennings, "for his prudent and resolute 
conduct at Carrickfergus, and for the gallant 
stand he made there, against a much superior 
force, by which he gained time for the militia to 
assemble, and preserved Belfast from being plun- 

"Even this inconsiderable action,"'"' says the 
editor of the Annual Register, " added to the 
glory of the English arms. None had been better 
conducted, or fought with greater resolution. 
This solo insult on our coasts was severely pun- 
ished ; and not a vessel concerned in it escaped.* 
The public indeed lamented the death of brave 
Thurot, who, even whilst he commanded a pri- 
vateer, fought less for plunder than honour; whose 
behaviour was on all occasions full of humanity and 
generosity ; and whose undaunted courage raised 
him to rank and merited distinction. His death se- 
cured the glory he always sought; he did not live 
to be brought a prisoner into England, or to hear 

* This was not the case, — the Bcgon, which was sup- 
posed to have foundered, returned to Dunkirk, — and the 
Amarinth, which had separated from Thurot's squadron on 
the 12th Fehniary, got back to France by the west of Ire- 
land, and reached St. Malo on the 25th of that month ; 
which port her crew entered "almost dead with fatigue, 
hunger, and thirst." 


in France those nicalignant criticisms, which so 
often attend unfortunate bravery. This was the 
fate of the last remaining branch of that grand 
armament, which had so long been the hope of 
France, the alarm of England, and the object of 
general attention to Europe." 

T. 0. C. 

Ilyda Park Oate, South, 

Kensington Oore. 

26th October 1846. 



hawke's victory. 

The action between the English fleet, commanded by 
Sir Edward Hawke, and the French fleet, by M, de 
Conflans, oif Quiberon Bay, saved the south of Ireland 
from invasion, and probably the city of Cork from being 
burned. On the 29th October 1759, the Duke of 
Bedford, then Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, announced 
to the House of Commons that Mr. Secretary Pitt had, 
by his Majesty's express command, acquainted him that 
it appeared " by repeated most authentic intelligences, 
that France, far from desisting from the plan of in»- 
vasion on account of the disaster happened to her 
Toulon squadron, is rather more and more confirmed 
therein, and even instigated by despair itself, to attempt 
at aU hazards the only resource she seems to think 
left her, for breaking, by such a diversion given us at 
home, the measures of England abroad, in prosecution 
of a war, which hitherto, by the blessing of God on 
his Majesty's arms, opens in all parts of the world so 
unfavourable a prospect to the views of France ; and 
Mr. Secretary IMtt having added on this subject, that 
there is a strong probability, in case of the body of 



the troops, consisting of 18,000 men* under the com- 
mand of the Due d'Aiguillon, assembled at Vannes, 
where more than sufficient transports for that number 
are actually prepared, and ready to receive them on 
board, should (as the season of the year is growing less 
favourable for cruising) be able to elude his Majesty's 
squadrons, Ireland will not fail to be one of their 

Hawke's squadron, consisting of twenty-three ships 
of the line, besides frigates, left Torbay ; and Conflans's, 
consisting of twenty-one ships of the line and several 
frigates, left Brest on the same day, the 14th November 
1759. But the French are said to have out-numbered 
the English by 4270 men; and the engagement took 
place, as already mentioned, on the 20th. Hawke 
ordered his ship to reserve her fire, until laid along- 
side that of Conflans ; the master remonstrated on the 
almost inevitable danger of the coast. Hawke replied, 

* In atldition to this force, 7000 men are believed to have 
been formed into five Irish and one Scotch brigade, who had 
among themselves arranged for the division of the counties of 
Cork, Kerrj-, Limerick, Clare, and Galway, and such parts of 
the country where they e.xpccted to meet most friends. This was 
probably the last movement in favour of the Pretender made 
by France. Conflans, it is stated, was most assuredly ordered 
to leave them there; and the Duke, and those with him, were to 
make a conquest of the whole island, or lose their lives in the 
attempt. It is most certainly true, that the Duke d'Aiguillon 
had then in his pocket a commission from the French king, as 
viceroy of Ireland. 


" You have done your duty in this remonstrance, now 
obey my orders, and hxy me along-side the French 
admiral." A French ship of 74 guns generously put her- 
self between them. The English admiral was obliged 
to bestow on her the fire he had reserved for a greater 
occasion, and with one broadside sent her to the bottom. 
The victory was for a considerable time doubtful ; 
but at last was decided about four in the afternoon, by 
the Formidable, of 80 guns and 1000 men, bearing 
the flag of Rear- Admiral de St. Andre du Verger, 
striking her colours. About the same time, the 
Superbe and Thesee, each of 74 guns, sunk. The 
Heros, another 74, struck, hauled down her colours, 
and came to anchor, but it was blowing such a gale 
of wind, that no boat could be sent to take possession. 
The Soleil Royal (said to have been the finest ship 
of the French navy), of 80 guns and 1200 men, com- 
manded by Conflans, in the darkness of the niglit 
came to anchor in the midst of Hawke's squadron ; 
at day-break, Conflans ordered her cable to be cut, 
and she drove on shore. Hawke no sooner saw the 
French admiral, than he made a signal to the Essex, 
of 60 guns, to slip her cable and follow, in doing 
which, she ran on a sand-bank and was lost, together 
with another ship of the British fleet, the Resolution, 
of 74 guns; the crews, however, with the greater part 
of the stores were saved, and the wrecks set on fire, 
to prevent their falling into the hands of the enemy. 
In the mean time, the Soleil Royal lay beating on shore, 
and tlic French perceiving the English preparing to 

B 2 


destroy her, set lier on fire. The English, therefore, re- 
turned, and burned the Ht-ros, which was also aground. 
The Juste, another large French ship, was lost at the 
mouth of the river Loire. Next morning, the storm 
increased to such a degree, that seven of the French 
fleet threw overboard their cannon and stores in order 
to facilitate their escape. 

In this important general action, the English had 
only 1 lieutenant and 39 men killed, with 202 wounded. 
Admiral Hawke was thanked by the English House of 
Commons, in February 1760, for his services, and in 
the following month was presented with the fi'eedom 
of the city of Cork in a gold box. 

On the terrace of Rostellan, in Cork harbour, the 
seat of the Marquis of Thomond, there stands, says 
Sir Richard Hoare, in his Tour through Ireland (1806), 
" a statue of Admiral Hawke, the position of which 
rather surprised me, as the back of this celebrated 
warrior was turned upon the very element on which 
he had acquired such immortal honour. I was told 
that the following circumstance gave rise to placing 
the figure in this position. Upon the defeat of the 
French fleet commanded by Conflans, in the year 1759, 
the city of Cork ordered a statue to be cast of the 
English Admiral Hawke; but on its completion, some 
objections were made to the expense by the citizens ; 
upon which, the noble Inchiquin said, ' that he would 
pay for it,' which he did; and, as a rebuke, placed the 
admirals figure on a pedestal, with his back turned 
towards the ungrateful city. Mr. O'Brien, the present 


inhabitant of the place, and who, on the death of the 
Marquis of Thomond, succeeds to the earldom of 
Inchiquin," continues Sir Richard Hoare, " told me a 
most singular anecdote relating to this same statue, 
and which in a less enlightened age than the present might 
have been considered as ominous ; that the admiral's 
right arm, which grasped a sword, fell off on the very 
day that the French landed on the coast of Ireland, at 
Bantry Bay." 

" This same statue" was blown down in the winter 
of 1834-5, and, the Editor was told, has not been set 
up again. 

Two songs on Hawke's victory have already appeared 
in a collection of The early Naval Ballads of England, 
edited for the Percy Society by Mr, Halliwell, in 1841, 
p. 131 and p. 134; but that entitled Neptune's Resig- 
nation is again printed, as many of the readings differ 
from the version preserved in Sir Richard Hoare 's 
Tour, and which is the one here followed. 


The watery god, great Neptune, lay, 
In dalliance soft, and amorous i)lay. 

On Amphitrite's breast ; 
When uproar raised its horrid head, 
His palace shook, the Tritons fled, 

And each his fear confess "d. 


Loud thunder shook his wide domain, 
The liquid world was wrapt in flame, 

The god amazed spoke — 
" Ye winds go forth, and make it known, 
Who dares to shake my coral throne, 

And veil my realms in smoke?" 

The winds submissive to his nod. 
Sprung strongly up to obey their god, 

And saw two fleets at sea; 
The one, victorious Hawke ! was thine, 
The other, Conflans' broken line 

In terror and dismay. 

Amaz'd they saw Britannia's sons, 
Destruction deal from all their guns, 

Their conquering shouts resound ; 
While vanquish'd Gallia's hapless slaves 
Sunk to their deaths in briny graves, 

Beneath the deep profound. 

The winds return'd, and told their chief, 
That France was ruin'd past belief, 

And Hawke triumphant rode : 
" Hawke!" Neptune cried, " why who is he. 
Who thus usurps my power at sea, 

And dares defy a god ? " 


The winds replied, — " In distant lands, 
There lives a king, who Hawke commands, 

Who scorns all foreign force! 
And when his floating castles roll, 
From sea to sea, from pole to pole, 

Great Hawke directs their course. 

And when his winged bullets fly 
To punish fraud and perfidy, 

And scourge a guilty land. 
Then gallant Hawke, serenely great, 
Though death and horror round him wait. 

Fulfils the dread command." 

Neptune with wonder heard the story 
Of George's power and Britain's glory, 

Which time shall ne'er subdue ; 
Boscawcn's deeds and Saunders' fame, 
Joined with brave Wolfe's immortal name, 

And cried, " Can this be true ? " 

" A king ! he needs must be a god, 
Who has such heroes at his nod, 

To govern earth and sea ; 
I yield my trident and my crown, — 
A tribute due to such renown, — 

Great George shall rule for me!" 




The late Mr. Mac Skimin, in his History of Carrkk- 
fergus (p. 88), having stated that, " Immediately after 
[the capture of the town by the French], a ballad was 
written and published here, by a William Magennis, 
called The Siege of Carrichfergiis;''* the Editor, in 1836, 
requested him to procure a copy of this ballad. In 
reply, Mr. Mac Skimin wrote : " I send you the song 
required, with the exception of the last verse, which 
I still hope to obtain for you.f I could not procure a 
printed copy, and the annexed was taken down from 
an old man. It is, I believe, very correct, as I have 
some recollection of most of the lines, having heard 
the song when a boy. There was also another song 
made regarding the French at Carrickfergus. I have 
the greatest part of it, but it never was so popular as 
the song I now send you, — perhaps, from its tune 
being less lively. In 1760, there was a pamphlet 

* Mr. Mac Skimin adds: "In 1764, a play was published in 
Belfast, bearing the same title ; and in 1770, a pantomime was 
presented on the Belfast stage, by the name of Thurot, or the Siege 
of Carrickfergus." 

t Mr. Mac Skimin subsequently sent to the Editor the sixth 
and seventh verses. 


published at Belfast, respecting this invasion. I have 
never been able to procure a copy, and have only met 
with one person who had it." 

The following ballad, Mr. Mac Skimin informed the 
Editor, was sung to the well-known melody of " Haste 
to the Wedding." It is here given, not after his manu- 
script version, but after a copy, differing only slightly 
from it, in " Johnson's Lottery Song Book, or Vocal 
Adventurer, containing a choice collection of the most 
admired Love, Hunting, and Bacchanalian Songs, that 
are sung in the most polite circles ; with a number of 
new, spirited, and genteel Toasts, Sentiments, and 
Hob-nobs. London : printed for E. Johnson and Co., 
at their old Licensed State Lottery Office, No. 4, 
Ludgate Hill." The date of which publication is fixed 
by an engraving resembling a lottery ticket, being 
inserted opposite to the title page: — 

"London, 'N^- 5m 854, Lottery, 1779. 

" I promise to sell the Bearer u State Lottery Ticket for 
one shilling, if the above Number is the first drawn on Eitlier 
of the first five days ; and if it is the first drawn on the Tenth 
Day, to sell the Bearer three State Lottery Tickets for three 
shillings, which Tickets may be drawn prizes of Twenty 


" (Signed,) Johnson & Co., 
" At his Lottery Office, licensed by Parliament, 
" No. 4, Ludgate Hill ;" 

and to which is prefixed a portrait of " Mrs. Wrighten 
of Drury Lane Theatre." 

The cummuuication of tliis L.olttn i/ Sniu/ Jhtak to the 


Editor, increases the obligations of the Percy Society 
to Mr. Fairholt. Mr. Wright, our zealous Secretary, 
has also placed in the Editor's hands, a chap book 
printed at Glasgow by J. and M. Robertson, Salt- 
market, 1801, containing " The Siege of Carrickfergus, 
or Thurot's defeat," to which are added other songs, 
embellished with a rude wood-cut evidently designed 
to represent the attack on Carrickfergus Castle. But 
as by a printer's error, intentional or otherwise, no 
less than nine verses of a ballad written with reference 
to some different affair are strangely comingled after 
the verse ending with " brave Captain Bland," and the 
subsequent verse, it is only necessary here to mention 
this copy, as one that has come under the Editoi''s 
notice, and which he believes to be a rare printed 
illustration of the manner in which information was 
conveyed in Ireland and Scotland among those disaf- 
fected to the English Government in 1 798. 


From^ Dunkirk, in France, in the month of September, 
Fitted out was a fleet, and away they did sail ; 

And" Monsieur Thurot, their onJi/^ commander, 

With him at their head they were sure not to fail. 

S'o^ away they did steer, without dread or fear. 

And searched and plunder'd nJJ ships the// could find ,-' 

The readings given at foot are from Mr. Mac Skimin's MS. 
1 At 2 under 3 chief 4 Then 

5 The coasts all around. (The rhyme proves this to be cor- 
rect, unless the eighth line, as probably originally written, ended 
with " wind.") 


[Till"] at length they arriv'cl on the coast of old Ireland,' 
And landed their men on our Irish ground. 

[It was*] At Carrickfergus, in the north of thix 

They landed their men and march d up to our walls; 
Then cnfd the undaunted, brave, colonel Jenninrfs,^'^ 

My boys, let's^^ salute them with powder and balls. 
The battle began, and^"^ the guns they did rattle, 

And bravely we fought under Jennings' command, 
Said he, play aivay,^^ play away, my brave boys. 

The beggars the force of our fire cannot stand. 

The town then they took^^ without any^^ resistance, 

The castle they thought was as easy likewise ; 
So they^^' came marching up in'' grand divisions, 

To storm it, then"^^ guarded by the^" brave Irish boys. 
But we kept constant fire, and made them retire. 

Till our ammunition entirely was gone ; 
Then aloud we^ did say, brave boys let's away. 

And sally out on^^ them with sword in hand. 

6 Till (omitted). 7 in the north of our kingdom, 

8 It was (omitted). 9 Old Ireland, 

10 Says brave Colonel Jennings, our valiant commander, 

11 we'll 12 So we begun the battle, 
13 play, 14 it was taken 

15 much 16 And 

17 three (omitted). 18 the gates 

19 with 20 they 
21 we'll sally upon 


But says" our brave colonel, " We cannot defend it, 

For^^ to make a sally it is but"* in vain, 
As-^ our ammunition, you see is-'^ expended ; 

Well therefore^'' suhmit, ainP^ good terms (ceVP obtain, 
For plainly you see, that to*' one thcy-^^ are three, 

'Tis^^ best then^^ in time/or^ to capitulate : 
[For^^] If they take it by storm, by the Imc^ of arms, 

Then death without mercy will sure be our fate." 

Then these hegyars obtainecP'^ possession of Carrick, 

Where theyreveWd and sotted, and drunk allthe while,^^ 
Poor people they did sorely^^ ransack and plunder, 

And hoisted it^ all on board the Belleisle ; 
But Elliot soon*^ met them, nor away did he let them,*^ 

But fore d*'^ them to yield up their ill-gotten store; 
Now, vwnsieurs,** lament in the deepest contrition,'*'' 

For HOW you can bray of your Thurot*^ no more. 

22 Then said 23 But 24 you see its 
25 For 26 is entirely 

27 Therefore we'll 28 in hopes 

29 to 30 for 

31 there 32 So it's 

33 now 34 dele for. 

35 For (omitted). 36 laws 

37 These ruffians on obtaining 

38 They bullied and roved, and drank the whole while, 

39 sorely did 40 dele it. 

41 he 42 and soon did attack then), 

43 And made 44 Which makes them 

45 in deep discontent, 

46 So, Monsieurs, of your Tluirot you can bni^ 


Let's exalt the brave Elliot, who gained this^' action, 

And sing to his praise in the joyfullest^^ song ; 
For^^ we of our foes have got satisfaction, 

And Thurot lies rotting in the Isle of Man. 
Their general is wounded, /tiV^° schemes are confounded, 

The brave British tars they can never withstand ;^^ 
The fire of the fierce ancP^ the bold British lions 

Ajjpeard in the men under^^ brave Captain Bland. 

But now to briny my story to a conclusion,^ 

Let's drink a yood health^^ to our officers all ; 
First brave colonel Jennings, likewise'^ Bland our^'' 

Yet^^ never forgetting the brave Mr. Hall. 
Let's drink and ho joUy,'^ and drown melancholy, 

So*' merrily let iis*'^ rejoice too,'''^ and sing ; 
So fill up your bowls, all ye^'-' loyal souls, 

And*^ toast a yood*^'' health to*^ great George our 

47 the 48 every 

49 Since 50 their 

51 Their cavalry legions never can stand 

52 so fair of 53 ConimandcHl by the bold and 

54 Now to conclude, and to end ray ditty, 

55 In toastinj^ a health 

56 next 57 the 

58 And 59 merry, 

60 And 61 we'll 

62 now, 63 you brave 

64 Let's here 65 dele good. 
66 unto 



thurot's dream. 

The title of this song refers to the popular belief 
that Thurot, in consequence of a dream, was possessed 
with a presentiment of his death. That this may 
have been the case appears not improbable, from the 
statement of the French Lieutenant-General Caveuac 
to John Wesley, which Wesley has preserved in his 
Journal, 5th May 1760. " The next morning [after 
sailing from Carrickfergus] as he [Thurot] was walk- 
ing the deck, he frequently started without any visible 
cause, stopped short, and said ' I shall die to-day.' " 

The ballad-maker, however, has availed himself of 
the supposed mysterious warning imparted to Thurot, 
for a satirical purpose, in making the voice of his 
grandfather advise him to flight from Ii'eland; as 
O'Farrell, Thurot's grandfather, is said to have 
recommended James II to secure his retreat after the 
Battle of the Boyne, and to have been the agent who 
procured a vessel at Waterford, for the conveyance of 
the abdicating monarch to France. O'Farrell ac- 
companied James, and when in embarking the king's 
hat was blown off, that officer offered his own to the 
king, which James graciously received, observing, that 


if he should lose a crown in Ireland, he certainly, 
would remember that he had gained a hat there. 

The attention of the editor was first directed to this 
song, by Mr. Jerdan's enquiry (1830) whether he 
knew a ballad commencing with — 

" My heart it lies breaking for Carriekfergus town, 
That pretty situation the enemy pulled down" 

which he remembered as a boy to have heard sung in 
Kelso ? Upon the editor stating that he was un- 
acquainted with the lines, and requesting Mr, Jerdan 
to furnish him with any other lines that he could re- 
collect : that gentlemen, without hesitation, wrote 
thus in reply : — 

" On the twenty-fifth of February [qu. the month] 
as I've heard people say, 
'1 hree [qu. six]* French ships of war came and 
anchored in our Bay." 

" As Thurot lay in his cabin, he dreamed a dream, 
There was a voice came to him and called him by 

his name : 
Saying, Thurot you're to blame for your long lying 

* Mr. Jordan, in the kind, prompt, and characteristic note 
accompanying this version, has misplaced his lirst qiierc ; it 
should have been after the day of the, and not the month. And in 
his subsecpunt qiicre, certainly he saw not but remembered 
"double," althougli, historically speaking, ho is correct as to the 
force intended for tiie invasion on the norlli of Ireland. 

1 6 tiiuhot's dkeam. 

For the English will be here to-night, the wind 
bloweth fair." 

In the version now printed of nearly the entire ballad, 
Mr. Mac Skimin's MS. is followed, except in the third 
verse, which is given, as more probably the original, 
for the reasons stated, from a manuscript handed to 
the editor by the late Mr. Allan Cunningham. — Mr. 
Mac Skimin's version of the third verse runs thus : — 

" As Thurot lay in his hammock, one night he did 

That a spirit came unto him, and called him by his 

name : 
Saying, Thurot, you're to blame for lying so long 

For the English will be in this night, the wind it is 


But these really unimportant readings are here re- 
corded, as illustrative of the oral transmission of a 
song, of which the editor has never seen a printed 

In 1837, Mr. Mac Skimin informed the editor, that 
this and the preceding song "were common in print," 
but he says, " I have not seen either in print for 
upwards of thirty years." And in 1840 that he has 
" not as yet been able to procure the two lines wanting 
of this song," adding, "but I still hope to get them." 
Alas, Mr. Mac Skimin died on the 17th February, 

TlfUROT's DREAM. 17 

thurot's dream. 

The twenty-first of February, as I've heard the people 

Three French ships of war came and anchored in our 

They hoisted English colours, and landed at Kilroot, 
And marched their men for Carrick, without further 


Colonel Jennings being there, at that pretty town, 
His heart it was a breaking, while the enemy came down : 
He could not defend it for the want of powder and 

And aloud to his enemies for "quarter" did he call. 

As Thurot in his cabin lay, he dreamed a dream. 
That his grandsire's voice came to him and called him 

by his name : 
Saying, Thurot you're to blame for lying so long here, 
For the English will be in this night, the wind it 

bloweth fair.* 

Then Thurot started up, and said unto his men, 

" Weigh your anchors, my brave lads, and let us begone : 

♦ The meaning of this line is, that the English may be ex- 
pected, and that the wind blows fair for Thurot to escape. This 
was so ; the wind on the 27th February, 1760, at Cax'rickfergus 
is recorded to have been " W.N.W. and N.W. strong gales and 


IH thurot's dream. 

We'll go oflF this very night, make all the haste you 

And we'll steer south and south-east, straight for the 

Isle of Man." 

Upon the next day the wind it blew north west. 
And Elliot's gallant seamen, they sorely were oppressed, 
They could not get in that night, the wind it blew so 

high : 
And as for Monsieur Thurot, he was forced for to lie 


Early the next morning, as daylight did appear, 
Brave Elliot he espied them, which gave to him great 

It gave to him great cheer, and he to his men did say, 
" Boys, yonder's Monsieur Thurot, we'll shew him 

warm play." 

The first ship that came up was the Brilliant without 

She gave to them a broadside, and then she wheeled 

about : 
The other two then followed her, and fired another 

" Oh, oh, my lads," says Thurot, " this is not Carrick 


Then out cried Monsieur Thurot, with his visage pale 
and wan, 

thukot's ukham. 19 

" Strike, strike, your colours, brave boys, or they'll 

sink us — every man : 
Their weighty shot comes in so hot, on both the 

weather and the lee, 
Strike your colours, my brave boys, or they'll sink us 

in the sea." 

Before they got their colours struck, great slaughter 

was made, 
And many a gallant Frenchman on Thui'ot's decks lay 

They came tumbling down the shrouds, upon his deck 

they lay, 
While our brave Irish heroes cut their booms and 

yards away. 

And as for Monsieur Thurot, as I've heard people say, 
He was taken up by Elliots men and buried in Ramsey 

Now for to conclude, and put an end unto my song, 
To drink a health to Elliot, I hope it is not wrong ; 
And may all French invaders be served the same way, 
Let the English beat the French by land, our Irish 
boys on sea. 

* " I expect to make out the above two lines wanting." — Note 
by Mr. Mae Sldmin. 

c 2 




" Taken down," says Mr. Mac Skimin, after whose 
MS. this song is given, " from an old man, January 
1836," and he adds, " I do not recollect of ever seeing 
this song in print." — 

"I now recollect," he adds, "that there was another 
song on the same subject, but I cannot find any person 
who has it, and I now remember only two lines, 
though I had it all by heart when a very young boy, 
I cannot be mistaken, as its tune was so very different 
from the other. The words that occur to me are, 
when speaking of Elliot, that he 

" Sailed with his three frigates from Kinsale, 
On the pursuit of Monsieur Thurot." 

and the tune was " Moll Roe." — 


Louis of France with hunger loud does cry, 

" A shepherd's dog in Ireland, lives better far than I, 

With their butter and their bacon, they have them in 

But I'll send forth my forces, to plunder their shores." 

Sing fall, &c. 


It was lately I dreamed my army was away, 
And all these rich dainties, I thought were their prey ;— 
So in the province of Ulster invaded wex'e we, 
By Commodore Thurot, and French frigates three. 

Sing fall, 8ic. 

To Londonderry city, their course they did steer, 
But they were prevented, although very near, 
Their fleet while at sea, they were scattered away. 
By a storm from the heavens, which did them dismay. 

Sing fall, &c. 

But three of them remained, and there came about. 
To the bay of Cai'rickfergus, near the point of Kilroot; 
Then with flat boats, they landed a thousand men well 

Under English colours, to prevent our being alarmed. 

Sing fall, &c. 

Under General Thurot, these men did march away, 
Unto Carrickfergus, and he to them did say, 
The garrison are but a handful of silly gossoons,* 
And at our appearance, I'm sure they will run. 

Sing fall, kc. 

* Gossoon, now popularly considered an Irish word, docs not 
bdonj? to tlie Irish languaf;o, in which it appears to have been 
adopted from the Anf^Io-nonnan (jdrson, or (/mxon. The modern 
acceptation of the word in Ireland is hobhledy-hoy. 


But sore he was mistaken, for soon they let him know, 
And left him broken-legged, to France he could not go; 
One hundred of his soldiers, and more they did 

With nothing but the loss of four Carrick boys. — • 

Sing fall, &c. 

Like unto hearts of gold, so bravely they did stand. 
Though but one hundred and fifty, against a thousand 

men ; 
And they were all six feet high, of chosen tories wild,* 
And slighted us gossoons, as Flobert them styled. 

Sing fall, &c. 

They sail'd away by morning, before the sun arose. 
Brave Elliot he espied them, and cried, " Boys, here 
are foes !" 

* Upon the words " six feet high " Mr. Mac Skimin observes : 
" The French troops were volunteers from different corps, and 
are still recorded here for their fine appearance ; especially a 
corps of the Swiss Guards and some Hussars." John Wesley 
in his Journal, 1 May 1760, says, " General Flaubert, who com- 
mande<l the French troops at Carrickfergus, was just gone from 
Lord Moira's. Major Bragelon was now there, a man of fine 
person, and extremely graceful behaviour. Both these affirmed 
that the French were all picked men out of the king's guards ; 
that their commission was to land either at Londonderry or 
Carrickfergus, while Monsieur Conflans landed in the south ; 
and if they did not do this within three months to return directly 
to France. 


With frigates three like fire darts, he boldly did 

He from Kinsale had sailed, these robbers to subdue. 

Sing fall, &c. 

"My boys," he says, " they're yonder, betwixt us and 

the sun; 
Now coolly and with courage, fall on, my boys, fall on !" 
And betwixt the mull of Galloway, and the point of 

The thundering of our cannon the nations round did 

hear. Sing fall, &c. 

Now in this hard engagement, poor Thurot he did die, 
By an unlucky shot that through his heart did fly ; 
Aloud they called for quarter, for lady Mary's sake, 
For Captain Elliot's cannon made all their hearts to 
quake. Sing fall, &c. 

And now then taken prisoners, upon the raging main. 
And back to Carrickfergus they were brought again;* 
Here's the praise of brave Elliot, who conquered the foe, 
And likewise to Clements and Loggie also. 

Sing fall, &c. 

* John Wesley in his Journal, 18th April 1760, notes, that he 

" went with Miss F to see the French prisoners sent from 

Carrickfergus," They were sui-prised at hearing as good French 
spoken in Dublin as they could have heard in Paris, and still 
more at being exhorted to heart-religion, to the " faith that 
worketh by love." 

"24 Kl'ITAPil OX 



Copied from one of the poetical articles in the 
Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xxx. p. 1 48, for March 

Thurot's personal appearance an^J conduct at 
Carrickfergus, are thus described by John Wesley in his 
Journal, 5th May 1760, from the narrative of Mrs. 
Cobham. While that lady was in attendance upon 
General Flaubert after he had been wounded, " a little 
plain-dressed man came in, to whom they all showed 
a particular respect. It struck into her mind, ' Is not 
this Mr. Thurot?' which was soon confirmed." 
" She said to him, ' Sir, you seem much fatigued : will 
you step to my house and refresh yourself?' He 
readily accepted the offer. She prepared a little veal, 
of which he ate moderately, and drank three glasses of 
small warm punch ; after which he told her — 'I have 
not taken any food before for eight and forty hours.' 
She asked, ' Sir, will you be pleased to take a little 
rest now?' Observing he started, she added, 'I will 
answer life for life, that none shall hurt you under 
my roof.' He said, ' Madam, I believe you ; I 
accept the offer.' He desired that two of his men 

M. THUEOT. '^5 

might lie oa the floox- by the bed side, slept about six 
hours, and then returning her many thanks, went 
aboard his ship. 

"Five days he was kept in the bay by contrary 
winds. "When he sailed he took the mayor of Carrick 
and another gentleman as hostages, for the delivery of 
the French prisoners." 

The presentiment felt by Thurot respecting his 
death, has been already mentioned on the authority of 
Wesley. He thus continues — "Awhile after, he 
(Thurot) said to one of the English, ' Sir, I see three 
ships ; pray take my glass and tell me freely what you 
think they are ?' He looked some time, and said, ' I 
think they are English, and I guess they are about 
forty-gun ships.' He called to his officers and said, 
' Our ships are too foul to fight at a distance ; we must 
board them.' Accordingly when they came up, after 
a short fire, he ran close up to Captain Elliot, and 
Captain Scordeck, with his four and twenty hussars, 
immediately leaped on board. Almost instantly nine 
of them lay dead ; on which he was so much enraged, 
that he rushed forward with his sabre, among the 
English, who seized his arms and carried him away. 
Meantime his men that were left, retired into their 
own ship. Thurot seeing this, cried out, * Why 
.should we throw away the lives of the poor men?' 
and ordered them to strike the colours. A man going 
up to do this was shot dead, as was likewise a second ; 
and before a third could do it Mr. Thurot himself 
was shot through the heart. So fell a brave man ; 



giving yet another proof that there is no counsel or 
strength against the Lord." 


Here lies the pirate brave Thurot, 
To merchant's wealth a dreadful foe : 
Who, weary of a robber's name 
Aspired to gain a hero's fame ; 
But oft ambition soars too high, 
Like Icarus when he strove to fly : 
In short, Thurot with ardour fill'd, 
His breast with emulation swelled. 
Abjuring Sweden's copper shore. 
His course to fair Hibernia bore ; 
There took some peasants unprepar'd, 
So struck his blow and disappear'd ; 
But luckless fate which oft pursues us, 
And when we least expect subdues us, 
This scheme, how well soe'er concerted, 
Into a dire mischance converted, 
And made it prove, as we'll relate 
The sad forerunner of his fate ; 
For CEolus brave Elliot led. 
Who early in his school was bred, 
Cut short this champion's thread of life, 
And with it clos'd the doubtful strife ; 
In which Belleisle, a name we own. 
Amongst ten thousand h'^roes known. 

M. THUROT. 27 

Of France, the wonder and the brag, 
Again compell'd to drop the flag,* 
Was forced such fortune to lament, 
As erst her namesake underwent : 
But to return to him whose glory 
Is now the subject of our story, 
He was no wit, nor quite an ass, 
But lov'd his bottle and his lass.f 
You then good fellows passing by. 
Afford the tribute of a sigh, 
His fate lament — enough we've said, 
Thurot once lived — Thurot is dead. 

* The Chevalier de Belleisle, brother to the Marshal, lost his 
life as he was endeavouring to fix a standard on the Sardinian 
entrenchments at Exilles, 1747. 

t M. Thurot's mistress, it is said, attended all his fortunes, 
and was on board the Belleisle when he was killed. 









l^c tftat ©nglontr tooulJ totn, 
must iDttfi SrelanD first htqin. 

Old Proverb. 

' Mais il lie consideie I'lrlandc ([uc comme le clieraiii de Londres. 
Life of Gtnernl Hoche. 



M iHi c.XliVII. 


€f)t percp ^ofietp. 


THOMAS AMYOT, Esq, F.R S., Tkeas. S.A. 





J. H. DIXON, Esq. 





J. S. MOORE, Esq. 

T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq. F.R.S., F S.A. 



THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. M.A., F.S.A., Treasurers,- Secretary. 



{Issued February 1845.) 

Advertisement ..... 
Memoirs of Thurot, reprinted . . 1 to 44 


(Issued November 1846.) 

Capture of Carrickfergus by Thurot. 


face . . . . iii to .\x.\ii 


Hawke's Victory 



The Siege of Carrickfergus 



Thurot's Dream 



The Capture of Carrickfergus 



Epitaph on M. Thurot . 



{Issued May 1847.) 

French Invasions of Ireland, 17'.l6-',)8. 

IntruchicLion to I'arts III and IV . . . i tt) iv 

The Bantrv Bay Invasion ... 5 to 42 

Songs relating to tht^ Bantry Bay Invasion. 

I. The Slian Van Vocht 

11. The Invasion of Ireland, Christmas 1796 

ni. On a Mountain whose summit . 

IV. The Bantry Bay Invasion, 1797 

V. Oh ! Brother Soldier 

VI. Ye Sons of Hibornia . 

vii. The Triumphs of Erin 

VIII, Rouse, Hibernians 

IX. General Wonder in our Land 



The Killala Invasion, 1798 . . 73 to 78 

Songs relating to the Killala Invasion. 

I. Again, to seek our Emerald Isle . . 79 

n. Plant, plant the Tree . . . .84 

III. Erin may go bray . . . .87 

IV. Humbert's Mistake . . . .90 
V. The Croppies in Spirits . . . 95 

VI. News from France . . . .97 

vn. The Orange Lily . . . .100 

Sir John Warren's Action 

103 to 113 

Songs referring to the Action of Sir John Borlase Warren's 
Squadron with the French Fleet. 

I. The Song of Theobald Wolfe Tone . .114 

II. When the Paddies of Erin . . .117 




During the war between England and repub- 
lican France, two armaments were fitted out by 
France for the invasion of Ireland. Fortunately 
for England, the first and most formidable of these 
expeditions arrived before the system of action 
proposed by the Association of United Irishmen 
had organized the remote southern districts. And 
when the two divisions Avhich composed the latter 
made their appearance, the popular rebellion of 
1798 had been so far crushed, that, comparatively 
speaking, the support given to the Frencli by the 
country at large was trifling and unimportant. 

The first, or Bantry Bay Invasion, occurred 
in December 1796. It consisted of a formidable 
French fleet, with 14,000 troo|)s; which fleet, 
immediately after its departure from Brest, was 

separated by a violent storm. Several of the 
ships reached Bantry bay on the south-west coast 
of Ireland, and some of them lay there at anchor 
for about a week, without making any attempt to 
land. General Hoche, and Admiral de Galle, 
the military and naval commanders-in-chief of 
the expedition, were on board one of the missing 
ships, and never joined the main body. For 
this circumstance a curious explanation is first 
made public in a subsequent page. The French 
admiral (Bouvet), therefore, hesitated to disembark 
the troops, without the orders of his superior officer, 
and finally such of the vessels as had escaped ship- 
wreck or capture returned to France. 

The other and last invasion of Ireland occurred 
in the autumn of 1798. More than three- fourths 
of the troops upon that occasion destined for Ire- 
land were to sail from Brest, the remainder from 
Rochefort. Everything was so arranged that the 
same wind enabled Bompart, the naval commander 
of the Brest division, and Savary, who commanded 
that of Rochefort, to set sail simultaneously. 
The troops were embarked, with the necessary 
supplies of arms, ammunition and stores. All 
was ready ; and the money required by Generals 
Hardy and Humbert, was drawn for on the bank 
in cash, and the necessary orders and advice were 
given to the treasury. 


On the 28th of July, two couriers extraordinary 
were dispatched from Paris, one to Brest, the 
other to Rochefort, each bearing an order to the 
commanders of the expeditions to set sail on the 
first breath of a favourable wind. General Hum- 
bert received the cash intended for him, paid his 
troops, and Savary''s division accordingly sailed 
from Rochefort on the 4th of August. 

At Brest, on the contrary. General Hardy, in 
consequence of a failure in the transmission of 
the money, was obliged to send back the extraor- 
dinary courier on the 2nd of August, to announce, 
that nothing but the absolute want of pecuniary 
means prevented the armament from sailing. And 
thus was the departure of Bompart's squadron 
delayed to the 17th of September. 

In the meantime, Savary, who had steered a 
circuitous course, avoided falling in with any 
English ship, and on the 22nd of August 1798, 
landed General Humbert and his troops, which 
should be considered merely as the van-guard of 
the Brest expedition, at Killala. Humbert's 
force consisted of about a thousand soldiers. 
With this small body of men, he surprised and 
seized the town of Killala; made the bishop pri- 
soner, and then advanced towards Castlebar, 
where he defeated the British troops, and became 
master of that town. But after two or three 

B 2 


smart skirmishes Humbert found himself so com- 
pletely surrounded and overwhelmed by numbers, 
that he surrendered with his men, as prisoners of 
war, at Ballinamuck, on the 8th of September, 
seventeen days after landing. 

The Brest division arrived off the coast of the 
county of Donegal, on the 10th of October fol- 
lowing. But an English squadron under the 
command of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren, 
brought this fleet to action, and prevented the 
landing of troops. The commodore's ship, with 
the rebel Tone on board, was captured, and of 
the eight frigates, of which it consisted, two only 

Such is a broad outline of the fate of the inva- 
sions of Ireland, by France, at the close of the 
last century. Various details necessary to illus- 
trate the songs of this period of general excitement 
and alarm, are given in the foot notes, and where 
the editor is unable to refer to any general and 
authentic account (as in the case of the Bantry 
bay invasion), he has not hesitated to extend the 
introductory notice into a slight historical sketch. 


No general account of the French invasion of Ban- 
try Bay has been published ; and as the history of all 
political events is best written after the lapse of one 
or more centuries, while the anecdotes which form im- 
portant historical illustrations are best related as soon 
as possible after the occurrence ; it is evident that the 
editor stands too remote from either of the periods, to 
be able satisfactorily to supply this want, did the limits 
of the present work allow of his doing so. 

The paragraphs to be found in the newspapers and 
periodicals of the day, respecting this important event, 
are meagre and questionable, and upon the whole tlie 
journal of Theobald "Wolf Tone, edited by his son, and 
printed at Washington in 1826, supplies the best in- 
formation respecting the organization of this formidable 

The seditious conduct of Tone in Ireland had caused 
him to become an exile in America, where, stimulated 
to action and supplied with funds by his revolutionary 
friends, he determined on proceeding to Franco as 
agent for the Society of United Irishmen. But there 
can be little doubt that before this inoveuient, Lord 


Edward Fitzgerald and Mr. Arthur O'Connor had 
secretly communicated with the French government, 
for the invasion of their country. Tone reached 
Havre on the 2nd of February, 1796; and after his 
arrival in Paris, he was put into the proper channels 
for diplomatic negociation by Munro, the American 
minister. That America was cautiously intriguing 
for the separation of Ireland from England at this 
period, is evident from the recommendations given to 
Tone by Munro, and by Munro's successor (Adet) 
having offered Tone money for his expenses, when the 
French government refused to do so, even after he had 
received a commission in the service of the republic. 

The vague plans of the French ministry for the 
invasion of Ireland, appeared to have assumed a de- 
finite shape, which offered some reasonable prospect of 
success, about the 3rd of April 1796. Three months 
after, that is to say in June, Tone seems to have been 
aware of what was going forward. A commission 
dated the 19th of June as chef de brigade (a rank 
which answers to that of colonel in our service), was 
given to him ; and delighted by this elevation, he, ac- 
cording to his own confession, directly aspired at the 
post of Ambassador from the Irish republic to France. 
Early in July Tone was informed by General Clarke, 
that upon the arrival of General Hoche to confer with 
the directory, the final arrangements for the invasion 
of Ireland would be made. At this time Tone's 
finances were completely exhausted ; on the 6th of 
Julv he writes: " Here I am, with exactly two louis in 


my exchequer, negociating with the French govern- 
ment and planning revolutions." Tone was introduced 
on the 12th of July to General Hoche, by whom he 
was subsequently appointed adjutant general. And he 
was directed by him to draw up a proclamation re- 
specting the invasion of Ireland, of which important 
document Hoche on the 23rd of July shewed him a 
copy in print. 

This cii'cumstance would probably be unworthy of 
notice, did it not prove how effectually secrecy was 
preserved by the ingenious conduct of Hoche, which 
prevented a copy of the proclamation falling into the 
hands of the English spies, who were well known 
to be abundant in Paris, and also in every considerable 
sea-port of France, and who were assured of receiving 
a considerable reward for the authentic communication 
of any important intelligence. Hoche caused pro- 
clamations, as if the armament fitting out at Brest 
was destined for Portugal, to be printed both at Paris 
and Brest, with the usual precautions to ensure 
secrecy, and copies of these speedily reached England. 
The proclamation as to the real destination of the 
expedition was printed at the town of Pau, distant 
nearly two hundred miles from Brest, without any at- 
tempt at secrecy, by a common printer who was living 
there in 1831. This and similar extraordinary ma- 
noeuvres by Hoche, appear to have completely baffled 
the activity of the English spies at Brest, and will in 
some measure account for the vague and doubtful intel- 
ligence which it is evident the English government had 


respecting the destination of this formidable arma- 
ment. But the mystery of this extraordinary his- 
torical passage remains to be cleared up. 

After a residence in Paris of more than seven 
months, Tone quitted the French capital on the 17th 
of September, to join General Hoche at Brest. 
General Lazarus Hoche, to whom the command of the 
expedition was entrusted, is considered to have been 
one of the ablest men of his time, and in military skill 
inferior to none of his contemporaries. " Hoche etait 
un enfant de la revolution"; he was born on the 24th 
February 1763, had been brought up in the corps of 
gens-d'armes (or the guards), which first declared in 
favour of the republic, and we are told from the com- 
mencement of his career possessed the proud bearing of 
a soldier. " Une femme de la cour I'ayant remarqu6, 
dans une revue a Versailles, avait dit avec interet, 
' On ferait un gen6ral de ce jeune homme. Tout son 
air est, en elFet, de quelqu'un qui doit commander 
aux autres.' " His conduct soon attracted attention ; 
in the battle of Honschoot, Hoche acted as adjutant- 
general, and so eminently distinguished himself 
as to induce the committee of public safety to give 
him the command of the army of the Moselle, which 
he joined in the winter of 1793. Notwithstanding 
that the men were suiFering many painful privations, 
and the season was remarkably severe, after fourteen 
days of hard fighting, and forced marches through a 
mountainous and snow-covered country, Hoche suc- 
ceeded in forming a junction with the republican army 


of the Rhine. The command of both armies was 
entrusted to him, and the result of their union was 
the raising of the blockade of Landau, the expulsion 
of the enemy from Alsace, and the recapture of the 
fort Vauban. 

The conduct of Hoche, however, fell under suspi- 
cion, and he was recalled and imprisoned; owing as 
is stated in the " Histoire Moderne," of the 18th cen- 
tury, to the hatred of St. Just, and Hoche would 
doubtless have perished on the scaffold had it not 
been for the Revolution of 27th July 1794.* On 
his release he was sent to take the command in La 
Vendee. At Quiberon, Hoche obtained a decisive 
victory over a body of royalists, who had returned to 
their country from England ; and much as his success 
gratified the republicans, his conduct in La Vendee 
appears to have also received the commendation of 
his enemies. 

In a speech delivered in the Constitutional Circle, by 
General Jourdan, on the death of Hoche, he says : — 
" Hoche was now appointed by government to en- 

* The editor is indebted to Mr. Blachtbrd, Member of the Percy 
Society, for a copy of tlu' followini^ original document respecting 
Hoche's imprisonment: tlie date of which is 23rd April 1794. 

" Du 23e Germinal an 2 rep. Fr. indivisible. 
Le Comite de salut public arrete que le Citoyen Ilocho detenu 
dans la Maison des Carmes en vertu d'un arrete precedent, sera 
mis ail scciet dans cctto maison. 
J. Bauei;i;. Coli.ot d'IIerbois. Koijksi'ikurk. 

Expedie. St. Just. Coutiion. 


counter new dangers and acquire fresh glory. He 
embarked to carry liberty to the people of Ireland, and 
terror to the cabinet of St. James's." 

The entire summer of 1796, was consumed in 
fitting out the armament at Brest ; the want of 
money retarded the equipment, and it was further 
embarrassed by a bad understanding which existed 
between the naval and military services. On the 1st 
of December Tone was ordered on board the Indompt- 
able of 80 guns. Captain Bedout. The naval force, 
he tells us, at this time consisted of fifteen sail of the 
line, ten frigates, and seven or eight transports, and 
that 13,400 troops were embarked.* The squadron of 
Admiral Richery, which had been cruising ofi" the 
coast of Newfoundland, was directed to repair to 
Brest to join this fleet ; and on board the ships of 
Richery's squadron 1700 additional troops were em- 
barked. According to Tone, on the 16th of December 
there were " 15,000, or more correctly, 13,975 men, 
and 45,000 stand of arms embai'ked" for the invasion 
of Ireland. f This force of 14,000 is magnified in the 

* " The French fleet," according to James, " numbered forty- 
three sail; of which seventeen were of the line (all two deckers), 
fourteen frigates, six corvettes, and brigs, and the remaining six, 
large, roomy transports, some of which had been ships of war. 
On board this fleet were about twenty-five thousand men, both 
cavalry and infantry." — Vol. i. 393. 

f The following is a list of the names of the ships of which the 
expedition consisted. 

Ships of the line, 17 : — Indomptable; Nestor (driven on shore : 


London Gazette of the 3rd of January 1797, into 
20,000, and in the Annual Register into 25,000 

The address distributed by Hoche among the fleet, 
the day previous to their departure ran thus : — 

(Device. A lictor's axe with a branch of oak on each 
side, upon a shield, surmounted by the cap of liberty, 

James is silent on this); Cassard; Droits de I'liorame (driven on 
shore); Tourville ; Eole ; Fougneux ; Mucins; Redomptable; 
Patriote; Pluton; Constitution; Trajan; Watigny; Pegase (after- 
wards the Hoche and H. M. S. Donegal) ; Kevolution ; Seduisaut 
(Captain Dufossey, "wrecked Dec. 16, on the grand Stevenet, 
going out of Brest. About thirteen hundred and forty of her 
fourteen hundred seamen and troops perished." James, vol. ii). 

Frigates 13: — La Cocard ; Bravoure ; Immortalite (Rear Ad- 
miral Bouvet and General Grouchy) ; Bellone ; Coquille ; Ro- 
maine ; Sirene ; Impatiente (" wrecked 30th of December on the 
Mizen head ; crew except seven perished." James, vol. ii.) ; Sur- 
vcillante (scuttled and sunk in Bantry bay ; Charente ; Resolue 
(Rear Admiral Nielly, dismasted by being run foul of in Bantry 
bay by the Indomptable, and towed into Brest on the 1 1 th of 
January by Pegase) ; Tartare (captured, 5th of January 1798, 
after a short action, by the Polyphemus (64), and brought into 
Cork harbour. The Tartare had six hundred and twenty-five 
men on board, including troops, and had sixteen killed and thirty- 
five wounded in the action ; the Polyphemus lost only one marine) ; 
Fraternite {Vice Admiral Morand de Galle, with Generals Hoche 
and Borin, and Adjutant General Bruix, on board). 

Armes en flutes 2: — Scitvola (foundered Dec. 3()th off the coast 
of Irehuid ; crew saved by the French (74) Revolution." James, 
vol. ii.) ; Fidcle. 

Corvettes, 5:— Mutine (taken); Renard ; Atalante (taken); 
Voltigeur or Vautour ; Affronteur. 


and supported by various naval and military trophies. 
At its base, a broken yoke and dissevered chain.) 

Transports, 6 : — Justine (probably foundered at sea with all on 
board ; supposed to have four hundred and fifty troops. Un- 
noticed by James) ; Nicodeme or Nicomede ; Suffren or Suffrein ; 
Experiment ; Alegre (taken by H. M. S. Spitfire) ; Ville 
d' Orient (captured by Unicorn, Doris and Druid, cruizing in 
company, and brought into Kinsale, with four hundred hussars 
on board, completely equipped ; some mortars, cannons, muskets, 
&c. Unnoticed by James'). 

On board each of the line of battle ships between five and six 
hundred soldiers were embarked, and from two hundred and 
fifty to three hundred on board each of the frigates. The re- 
maining thirteen sail carried about fifteen hundred soldiers 

The Mutine was attached to the expedition at the especial re- 
quest of Hoche, as appears from the following letter, the original 
of which is in the possession of Mr. Blachford. — 
Armee RES NON verba. A Brest, le 28e Brumaire, 

Frangaise. (Hoche's adopted motto.) 5e annee de la Republique. 

Le General L. Hoche, au General Morand de Galle. 
Au nombre des batimens que vous m'avez promis. General, je 
desirerais que vous voulassiez bien comprendre la Mutine corvette 
venant de I'Orient, qui, dit-on, a des vivres pour six mois, tire 
tres peu d'eau, et par consequent est trcs propre a favoriser un 


[ liipotidu de suite.'l 


" A Varmee FraiK^aise destinee a operer la revolution 


FiER de vous avoir fait vaincre en plusieurs oc- 
casions, j'ai obtenu du gouvernement la permission de 
vous conduire a de nouveaux succes, Vous commander, 
c'est etre assure du triomplie. 

" Jaloux de rendre a la liberte un peuple digne d'elle, 
et raur pour une revolution, le directoire nous envoie en 
Irlande, a I'effet d'y faciliter la revolution que d'excel- 
lents republicains viennent d'y entreprendre. II sera 
beau pour nous, qui avons vaincu les satellites des rois 
arraes conti'e la Republique, de briser les fers d'une 
nation amie, de lui aider a recouvrir ses droits usurpes 
par I'odieux gouvernement anglais. 

"Vous n'oublierez jamais, braves et fideles compa- 
gnons, que le peuple, chez lequel nous allons, est I'ami 
de notre patrie, que nous devons le trailer comme tel, 
et non comme un peuple conquis. 

" En arrivant en Irlande, vous trouverez I'hospitalite, 
la fraternite ; bientot des milliers de ses liabitans vien- 
dront grossir nos phalanges. Gardons-nous done bien 
de jamais traiter aucuns d'eux en ennemis. Ainsi que 
nous, ils ont a se venger des perfides Anglais ; ces 
derniers sont les seuls dont nous ayons a tirer une 
vengeance eclatante. Croyez que les Irlandais ne 
soupirent pas moins que vous apres le moment o\X, de 
concert, nous irons a Londres, rappeler a Pitt et a ses 
amis, ee (ju'ils ont fait contre notre liberte. 


" Par araiti6, par devoir, et pour I'honneur du nom 
frangais, vous respecterez les personnes et les pro- 
prietes du pays ou nous aliens. Si, par des efforts 
constans, je pourvois a vos besoins, croyez que, jaloux 
de conserver la reputation de larmee que j'ai I'hon- 
neur de commander, je punirai severement quiconque 
s'ecartera de ce qu'il doit a son pays. Les lauriers et 
la gloire seront le partage du soldat republicain ; la 
mort sera le prix du viol et du pillage. Vous me 
connoissez assez pour croire que, pour la premiere 
fois, je ne manquerai pas a ma parole. J'ai du vous 
prevenir, sachez vous en rappeler. 

• Le General, 


" Brest, le [this blank is in the original] annee re- 
publicai7ie P 

The fleet assembled for the invasion of Ireland, we 
are told by M. Rousselin, Hoche's biographer — " pre- 
sentent le spectacle le plus majestueux. Aussi fiere 
que la flotte romaine qui, commandee par Scipion, 
portait la ruine de Carthage, I'escadre est rassemblee; 
les voiles deploy ees — il part." 

Although some previous movements appear to have 
taken place, the general departure of the expedition 
fi'om Brest was on the 16th of December. A signal 
being made to go out by the Passage du Raz, the 
Fraternite frigate bearing the flag of Vice- Admiral de 
Galle, with General Hoche, and, as was reported in 
the fleet, three millions sterling in gold on board, got 
under weigh, and accompanied by eighteen sail, with 


6500 troops, proceeded to sea by that passage. In this 
proceeding, as if ominous of the disasters the expedition 
was destined to encounter,* the Fougueux (74) ran 
foul of the Indomptable (80), and narrowly escaped 
striking against a rock, upon which the Seduisant (74) 
struck with 550 of the 94th derai-brigade on board, 
of whom only thirty-thi'ee were saved. The remain- 
ing twenty-four sail went out by the Passage des 
Flotes or Passage du Four, 

Before the two divisions had joined, so violent a 
gale of wind came on, that the Nestor (74), which 
had followed the Admiral, having her main-top-mast 
carried away, was obliged to part company and was 
driven on shore, when one thousand men out of eighteen 
hundred on board, perished. f Several of the ships 
also were so much injured by the fury of the storm as 
to be rendered unfit for present service, and this tem- 
pestuous weather, intermingled only by dense fogs, 
lasted during the entire time the armament was out. 

On the 18th, the storm, which had dispersed and 
more or less damaged the entire fleet, was succeeded 
by a dense fog, so dense indeed, that a complete re- 
union was never effected by the scattered expedition. 

* " Mais, des I'aurore de I'expedition, un genie mal-faisant 
avail tente de la paralyser ; le memo genie devait la poursuivre 
dans toutes ses chances, en ternir les differentes periodes, et lancer 
enfin sur ses derniers resultats tout le poidsdesa fatale influence. 
Les elemens conspirent avec les conspirateurs: tout est d'accord 
contre les desseins de la liberie. " — Vie de Jloche. 

f Another account s:iys fifty of her crew only were saved. 


The orders to the ships were, in case of separation, 
to cruise for five days off the Mizen head, then to pro- 
ceed to the mouth of the Shannon, where they were to 
remain for three more, and if then without further 
orders they were respectively to return to Brest. 

The following day the greater part of the two 
divisions fell in with each other, but the Fraternite 
was missing. Two line of battle ships, the Nestor 
and S6duisant had been wrecked ; and the Cocade 
and Romaine frigates, with the Mutine and Voltigeur 
corvettes, and three transports, were also unaccounted 

In the night of the 20th of December, although the 
weather was moderate, several of the fleet again parted 
company, and on the morning of the 21st, which was 
hazy, only fifteen sail were to be seen from the In- 
domptable. Although the main body had arrived off 
the coast of Ireland three days after sailing from 
Brest, they beat about, disunited and uncertain of their 
precise position,* until the 22nd, when with the excep- 
tion of six or seven vessels, the entire fleet came to • 
anchor off Bere Island in Bantry bay,! between five 
and six in the evening, under the command of Ad- 

* " The pilots mistaking the Dursej's for the Mizen head." 
— James. 

t " A noble bay, capable of containing all the shipping in Eu- 
rope, being twenty-six miles long, and, in most places, above a 
league broad, with forty fathoms' water in the midst of it. The 
coast around it consists of stupendous rocks." — Note by James, 
i. 395. 


miral Bouvet. Tone says, " we have 41,160 stand of 
arms, twenty pieces of field artillery, nine of siege, 
including mortars and howitzers, 61,200 barrels of 
powder, 7,000,000 ball cartridges, about 700,000 
flints," &c. 

Previous to the French fleet coming to anchor, his 
majesty's brig Kangaroo, commanded by the Hon. 
Courtenay Boyle, fell in with it, and immediately 
proceeded off Crookhaven, a small harbour close to the 
entrance of Bantry bay, in order to communicate the 
intelligence of the appearance of the enemy. On the 
morning of the 22nd of December, the Kangaroo 
made repeated signals for a boat from the shore, 
which although they were distinctly seen, yet so high 
a sea was running at the time, and the wind was 
blowing so tremendously, that no boat would venture 
to put off. At length, however, a Mr. Coghlan, ob- 
serving the perseverance with which the signal was 
continued, and deeming it a case of extreme urgency, 
induced five men to accompany him upon this dan- 
gerous service in a pilot boat, although they left the 
shore with but little probability of reaching the Kan- 
garoo, or if they succeeded in doing so, of returning in 
safety from her. 

In a private letter, written by a spectator* to a 
friend in Cork, the sea is described as breaking over 
the little bark almost with every wave, so that "it 

* The Rev. Fitzgerald Tisdalc, who was imirdcrccl in this 
neighbourhood 2Gth March, 1809. 


was only the hand of Providence wliich could have 
saved the hoat from being swamped, and what was 
still more wonderful in the preservation of Coghlan, 
and the men who had adventured out with him, is that 
one of the planks of the boat was stove in while she 
was along-side of the Kangaroo." An officer, (the 
second lieutenant, Mr. "Watson), was by this means 
landed with dispatches for Admiral Kingsmill at the 
Cove of Cork, and captain Boyle proceeded in the 
Kangaroo to England. 

Mr. Richard Edward Hull, a gentleman residing at 
Leamcon, sent the intelligence to Mr. White of 
Seafield Park, who was the first to communicate it 
to the Irish Government, and Mr. White's services 
at this critical moment, were rewarded by his eleva- 
tion to the peerage, under the title of Bantry. Mr. 
White had also "received two affidavits made before 
the Rev. John Beamish of Berehaven, and Mr. O'Sul- 
livan of Colaugh, by some fisherman who passed near 
a fleet which were turning up at the N.W. extremity 
of the bay, and from the manner they were rigged and 
form of their build they were positive the ships were 
French, and of considerable force. A similar infor- 
mation from the surveyor of Berehaven was sent to 
JMr. AYhite, who directly called together the corps of 
yeomanry under his command, and made the necessary 
arrangements for establishing a chain of out-posts 
along the mountains down to Sheep-head, the S.W. 
extremity of Bantry bay, distant from his house 
twenty-two miles." 


Dangers dimly seen usually become magnified in an 
extraordinary degree. The panic occasioned by the 
news that a hostile fleet was riding at anchor in one of 
the finest harbours of Ireland, may be readily con- 
ceived, and the general alarm was considerably increased 
by the difficulty of obtaining and conveying intelli- 
gence. " Dix jours consecutifs sont consumes, pendant 
lesquels presque tous les vaisseaux de la flotte sont 
apper^us et reconnus par les habitans de I'lrlande;" 
but the reverse of the feeling described by the French 
historian, was unquestionably manifested towards the 
invaders by all clasess in the south of Ireland, as yet 
untainted by Republicanism. " Leur cojur a tressailli 
de joie et de bonheur a la vue de leurs liberateurs. 
Vain espoir ! illusion cruelle ! les generaux en chef 
sont absens: ceux qui les remplacent devraient agir; 
lis deliberent; ils devroient operer leur debarquement, 
ils assemblent des conseils; le moindre cvenement fait 
prendre des resolutions, le moindre Cvenement les fait 
changer; tout fait un devoir de descendre a terre, tout 
est un pretexte de rester dans les vaisseaux; le temps 
precieux cchappe ; I'heure de la liberte est sonnee; 
elle s'envole." 

The weather was the severest ever remembered, 
and as such, in the Editor's recollection, the winter 
when the French were in Bantry bay, was often re- 
ferred to in common conversation. A heavy fall of 
snow had rendered the roads, which between Bantry 
and Cork at this period were rugged, Avild and 
mountainous, nearly impassable on foot; travelling on 

c 2 


horseback was desperate work ; and tlie unabating 

furj of the wind, which rolled the excited billows of 

the Atlantic with tremendous swell upon the coast, 

opposed an insurmountable barrier to any attempt at 

communication by water. It is however stated in a 

" Journal of the movements of the French fleet in 

Bantry bay, by Edward Morgan, printed at Cork in 

1 797," that one of Mr. White's servants brought the 

first intelligence of the appearance of the enemy to 

General Dalrymple in Cork, on the night of Thursday, 

December 22nd, and that the messenger " was but four 

hours going forty-two miles, Irish, on a single horse." 

On the evening of the 23rd, a heavy gale from the 

eastward forced about twenty of the French ships to 

sea, and dispersed the fleet for the fourth time. By 

this separation the stores on board the remaining 

ships in Bantry bay, were reduced to " 4 field pieces, 

20,000 firelocks, at most 1000 lbs. of powder, and 

3,000,000 cartridges." Admiral Bouvet and General 

Grouchy, the second in command, held a council of 

war. Tone proposed pi'oceeding to Sligo Bay and 

there landing, a proposition which, if acted upon, 

might possibly have revolutionized Ireland. " We are 

here," says he in his journal, " sixteen sail, great and 

small (nine or ten are of the line)* scattered up and 

* A letter written from Berehaven on the morning of the 
24th, which the Editor has seen in the Records of the Admiralty, 
says, " eight two-deckers and nine vessels of different classes." 
It concludes thus: "I must apologize for not writing before, 


down in a noble bay, and so dispersed that there are 
not two together in any spot, save one, and there they 
are so close, that if it blows to-night as it did last 
night, they will inevitably run foul of each other, 
unless one of them prefers driving on shore." 

During the night of the 23rd of December, H.M.S. 
Jaseur, captain Stirling, having captured Le Suffren,* 
transport, appears to have passed through the portion 
of the French fleet which had been blown out to sea 
from the mouth of Bantry bay; for in a letter, dated 
the following day " off Cape Clear," and published 
in the London Gazette, of 3rd January 1797, captain 
Stirling says, " I saw a large ship of war last night, 
and I am persuaded the body of the French fleet can- 
not be far from me. A rudder and other pieces of 
wreck have floated past us to day." 

The portion of the fleet which rode out the gale of 
the 23rd at their anchorage, found it impossible to 
work up the bay against the wind, and they came 
to anchor directly across it. On Christmas night, the 
exposed situation of Admiral Bouvet's ship, rendered 
it necessary for him to order the cables to be cut, and 
he stood out to sea without being able to communicate 
with any of the ships at anchor. 

Doctor Moylan, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Cork, 

but I assure you the demand for paper has been so great, that I 
could only obtain half a sheet to write an account to the Admiral." 
* Ketaken by the Tartare, which was afterwards captured by 
the Polyphemus. 


addressed the people on that anxious day to the follow- 
ing effect, which address was immediately printed and 
circulated by the Committee of Merchants. 

"At a Meeting of the City of Cork Committee, 
Held at the Coimcil Chamber, on the ^th of January, 


Sir Patrick O'Conor, Cha'a-man. 

" ©nnnimottsip rcsoltoctl. That Two Thousand Copies 
of the Right Rev. Doctor Moylan's Letter to his Flock 
be immediately Printed, for the purpose of being cii*- 
culated through the respective Baronies of this County." 



The Roman Catholics of the Diocess of Cork. 

" At a moment of such general Alarm and Conster- 
nation, it is a duty I owe to you, my Beloved Flock, 
to recall to your minds the sacred Principles of Loyalty, 
Allegiance, and Good Order, that must direct your 
conduct on such an awful Occasion. Charged as I am, 
by that Blessed Saviour (whose Birth with grateful 
hearts we on this Day solemnize), with the Care of 
your Souls, interested beyond expression in your Tem- 
poral and External welfare, it is incumbent on me to 
exhort you to that peaceable demeanor, which must 
ever mark his true and faithful Disciples. 

"Loyalty to the Sovereign, and respect for the 
Constituted Authorities, have been always the promi- 
nent features in the Christian Character; and by 


Patriotism and Obedience to the Established form of 
Government, have our Ancestors been distinguished at 
times, and under circumstances very different from 
these in which we have the happiness to live. For, 
blessed be God, we are no longer Strangers in our 
Native Land — no longer excluded from the Benefits of 
the happy Constitution under which we live — no longer 
separated by odious distinctions from our Fellow-sub- 
jects. To our Gracious Sovereign we are bound by 
the concurring principles of gratitude and duty, and 
to all our Fellow-Citizens by mutual Interest and 
Christian Charity. 

" Under these circumstances it is obvious what line 
of conduct you are to adopt, if the Invaders, who are 
said to be on our Coasts, should make good their land- 
ing, and attempt to penetrate into our Country. To 
allure you to a co-operation with their views, they will 
not fail to make specious professions, that their only 
object is to Emancipate you from the pretended 
Tyranny, under which you groan ; and to restore you 
those Rights, of which they will say you are deprived. 

" You, my good People, whom I particularly address, 
who are strangers to passing Occurrences, had you 
known in what manner they fuUilled similar promises 
in the unfortunate Countries into which, on the faith 
of them, they gained admittance, you would learn 
Caution from their Credulity, and distrust Men who 
have trampled on all Laws, Human and Divine; Ger- 
many, Flanders, Italy, Holland, to say nothing of their 
own, once the happiest, now the most miserable 


Country in the World, can attest the irreparable ruin, 
desolation and destruction occasioned by French 

" Be not deceived by the lure of Equalizing pro- 
perty, which they will hold out to you, as they did to 
the above-mentioned people ; for the Poor, instead of 
getting any part of the spoil of the Rich, were robbed 
of their own little pittance. 

" Be not then imposed on by their professions — 
they come only to Rob, Plunder and Destroy. Listen 
not to their agitating Abettors in this Country, who 
endeavour by every means to corrupt your Principles, 
but join Heart and Hand with all the virtuous and 
honest Members of the Community, who are come for- 
ward with distinguished Patriotism, as well to resist 
the invading Foe, as to counteract the insiduous 
Machinations of the Domestic Enemies and unnatural 
Children, who are seeking to bring on their Native 
Country the train of untold Evils that flow from An- 
archy and Confusion. — Obey the Laws that protect 
you in your Persons and Properties. — Reverence the 
Magistrate entrusted with their execution, and display 
your readiness to give him every assistance in your 

" Act thus, my Beloved Brethren, from a principle 
of Conscience, and you will thereby ensure the favor 
of your God, and the approbation of all good Men ; 
whereas a contrary conduct will draw down inevitable 
Ruin on you heif, and eternal Misery hereafter. 

" I shall conclude with this simple Reflection, if tlie 


sway of our impious Invaders were here established, 
you would not, my Beloved People, enjoy the comfort 
of Celebrating this auspicious day witb Gladness and 
Thanksgiving, nor of uniting with all Christians on 
Earth, and with the celestial spirits in Heaven, in 
singing. Glory to God on High, and on Earth Peace 
to Men of good Will! F. Moylan, r. c. b. c. 

Dec. 25, 1796." 

The "useful impression" made by this "judicious 
address" upon the minds of the lower Catholics, was 
particularly mentioned in a dispatch from the Lord- 
Lieutenant of Ireland, published in the London 
Gazette, of 17th January 1797. 

Tone in the Indomptable, on the 26th December, thus 
sums up affairs: — "We have lost two commanders-in- 
chief — of four Admirals not one remains. We have 
lost one ship of the line, that we know of, and probably 
many others of which we know nothing. We have 
been now six days in Bantry bay, within five hundred 
yards of the shore, without being able to effectuate a 
landing. We have been dispersed four times in four 
days; and at this moment, of forty-three sail, of which 
the expedition consisted, we can muster of all sizes but 

The day following he writes: " Yesterday several 
vessels, including the Indomptable, dragged their 
anchors sca eral times, and it was with great difficulty 
they rode out the gale. At two o'clock tlic Revolution 
(74), made signal that she cuuld hold no longer, and 


in consequence of the commodore's permission, cut her 
only cable and put to sea. In the night, the Patriote 
and Pluton^ of 74 each, were forced to put to sea, with 
the Nicomede, flute, so that this morning we are 
reduced to seven sail of the line and one frigate." 

A council of war met, at which General Hardy 
presided, generals Cherin and Humbert, (subsequently 
distinguished by his Invasion of Ireland), Adjutant 
generals, Simon, Chasseloup, and Tone, lieutenant- 
colonel Waudre, commanding the Artillery, captain 
Favory of the Engineers, with commodore Bedout, 
were the members. The force and stores at their dis- 
posal, were found to be 4168 men, two four pounders, 
1,500,000 cartridges, 500 rounds for artillery, and 
500 lbs. of powder. With a force so small, it was 
deemed by the majority inadvisable to attempt landing, 
as no demonstration had been made on shore in their 
favour ; and it was determined to proceed off the 
Shannon, to cruize for a few days, according to 
captain Bedout's instructions, in the hope that the dis- 
severed armament might be concentrated there. At 
half-past four, on the 27th, Tone writes : " The In- 
domptable having with great difficulty weighed one 
anchor, we were forced at length to cut the cable of 
the other, and make the best of our way out of the 
bay, being followed by the whole of our little squadron, 
now reduced to ten sail, of which seven are of the line, 
one frigate and two corvettes or luggers." 

The only occurrence of note during these five 
anxious days, was the capture of a boat, sent to recon- 


noitre from one of the French ships, Avhich was 
taken by Mr. O'Sullivan of Beerhaven, who made 
the crew, consisting of an officer and seven men, pri- 
soners. Lieut. Prosseau, the officer, was immediately 
sent off to Dublin. A memoir of Mr. Sullivan, and 
his services, may be found in the Gentleman^s Maga- 
zine, for March 1814 (Vol. 84, part i), copied from 
the Dublin Evening Post. 

On the 28th it blew a perfect hurricane, and for the 
sixth time the Indomptable parted company. At the 
rendezvous off the mouth of the Shannon, liowever, she 
was rejoined by the Coquille, and on the 29tli, commo- 
dore Bedout, finding no part of the fleet there, steered 
for France, where he arrived on the 1st of January, 
with the Watigny, Cassard, and Eole, line of battle 
ships, and the Coquille, Atalante and Vautour. 

In the afternoon, of the 31st of December, two 
armed boats, crowded with men, put off" from the re- 
maining French ships of war in Bantry bay, with the 
intention, as was supposed, of landing. " The infantry 
which were stationed in Bantry immediately flew to 
their arms, and under the command of Colonel French, 
of the Galway militia, marched to the shore to dispute 
tiieir landing — the cavalry galloped off to Beach, the 
house of Mr. Simon White — the entire did not exceed 
four hundred men. The Generals withdrew them- 
selves from Bantry to Dunmanway." 

Upon this occasion a Serjeant of the Galway militia, 
wlio had b(;en an old sailor, observed to Colonel French, 
that the enemy's liix^ uj)on the beacli, where he had 


drawn up his men, would probably treble the eifect of 
their shot. The Colonel replied,. " I know that, and 
how Nelson's eye was put out ; but we must shew our 
whole force, which they will never believe we would 
dare to do, without being well backed." The boats, 
however did not attempt to land, and after boarding 
an American vessel returned to their ship. 

A division of the dispersed fleet, consisting of four 
line of battle ships, three frigates, two corvettes, and 
two transports, with about four thousand soldiers on 
board, returned to Bantry Bay on the 1st of January, 
and remained there two or three days. They had cap- 
tured a brig belonging to Liverpool, called the Three 
Sisters, and another English vessel named the Mary, 
bound from Lisbon to Bristol, which they burned with 
their cargoes. By this division a council of war was 
also held, and the military officers desired to be put on 
shore with their men, in which they were supported by 
the voices of all the Irishmen present. But the naval 
officers refused to disobey their orders.* About the 

* The above statement is given from the leaf of a manuscript 
Journal, written very closely in English, and apparently kept by 
a person on board one of the ships of this division. It was 
washed ashore, picked up and preserved by an illiterate old 
woman as a charm, in consequence of a rough sketch of the bay, 
with soundings, and compass elahoratehj drawn, which she mistook 
for a representation of the Cross. This document was shewn 
to the Editor at Kenmare, in 1825, where he made a note of 
these particulars. 

The following is a copy of the information given to the Com- 


same time three or four French ships of war appeared 
off the Shannon, as before mentioned, but finding no 
instructions there, returned without landing, except 
in one instance, when a boat pulled in for Scattery 
Island, and took away a few sheep. 

The Fraternite, with General Hoche on board, after 
" an extremely narrow escape," as is supposed, from 
capture by the English fleet, reached Roclielle on the 
15th of January, having fallen in with the Revolution. 
The disasters encountered by the frigate, during her 

mittee of Merchants in Cork, by James Sullivan, Esq. of Bere- 
haven, on the 4th January, 1797. 

" On Monday, the 2nd January, there were 13 French ships 
at anchor across the mouth of the bay [Ban try] from Bere 
Island to Sheeps Head ; of which two were line of battle ships. 
There were six other ships high up in the bay, back of the 
Island of Whiddy, and one a league from Bantry to S.W. of 
Whiddy. About 2 o'clock in the afternoon of Monday, a brig 
was detached from the 13 ships to work up the bay ; which she 
did, and then made a signal to the seven, one of which fired a gun. 
They then set fire to a prize they had, and five of the seven got 
under weigh and sailed down the bay, leaving two lino of battle 
ships behind them, which are considered to be disabled ships. 
They liberated some English prisoners, who heard that the French 
fleet had 25000 troops on board, whilst others reported but 16000, 
but all agreed that they were in want of provisions. On Tuesday 
the 3rd January, Mr. O'Sullivan went up the high hill, back of 
the town of JBantry, at nine o'clock in the morning, and could 
only see the two disabled ships — but the weather was hazy and 
he could not see farther than eight or nine miles. The ships had 
no horses on board, but what belonged to the generals, and 
relied on obtaining thorn in tlie country." 


course, and the magnanimity displayed by Hoclie, are 
thus related by his French biographer: — "Pendant toute 
la travers^e, la frigate etait toujours sans voiles, a peine 
avait on pu manger a table deux fois : la peau d'ours 
blanc de Hoche, etendue sur le pont, servait souvent de 
nappe: cette peau lui etait bien utile a bord ; car il etait 
impossible de se tenirdebout, a cause des grands roulis 
du batiment. Tous les passagei's etaient incommodes 
du mal de mer ; lui seul supportait les fatigues, avec 
I'assurance et la fermete d'habitude d'un marin con- 
somme, mettant lui-meme la main a la manoeuvre, en- 
courageant par son exemple toute la troupe de terre a 
supplier le plus mauvais equipage qui ait jamais existe. 
Ses yeux excellens distinguaient les objets k des 
distances oh les longiies vues n'appercevaient que con- 
fusement. Plus d'une fois sa presence d'esprit avait 
sauve la fregate : elle se ti'ouve bientot engagee dans 
un danger dont toute la vigilance de Hoche n'avait pu 
la preserver, Ayant pris forcement le parti de 
retourner a Brest, la Fraternite fut vivement pour- 
suivie par deux vaisseaux ennerais tres-forts ; elle 
etait parvenue a les troraper a la faveur des tenebres 
de la nuit. Le lendemaiu, a la pointe du jour, on fut 
fort etonne de se voir au milieu de la flotte Anglaise ; 
aucune esperance d'echapper a ce blocus ; aussitot 
dispositions prises pour couler a fond les drapeaux 
republicains, les manifestes, les journaux, les papiers 
de toute espece. Chacun calculait, dans ses arrange- 
mens, ce quil pourroit sauver avec son individu ; on 
s'attendait d'un moment a I'autre a se voir conduire 


dans les prisons d'Angleterre. Dos officiers Anglais 
que Ton avait fait pi'isonniers dans la route, et qui se 
trouvaient a bord, ne dissimulaient pas I'esperance 
qu'ils avaient d'etre incessarament delivres ; leur con- 
tenance joyeuse achevait de porter le dernier coup au 
coeur des republicains. Dans cette deplorable situation, 
Hoche ne perd rien de sa grandeur, il conserve toute 
sa dignite; et, sans se dissimuler le veritable embarras 
de la circonstance, il demeure superieur aux caprices 
du sort. 

" On dirait qu'etonnee du courage qu elle n'avait pu 
intimider, la fortune voulut lui rendre hoinmage, en 
cessant de le poui'suivre. La mer devint tellement 
grosse, le vent si fort, qu'au milieu meme des vaisseaux 
Anglais, occupes de leur propi-e conservation, la 
frigate la Fraternite fut prise par eux pour I'une des 
leurs ; elle tint la meme route jusqu'a la fin du jour; 
changeant aloi'S sa direction a la faveur des tenebres, 
elle arriva heureusement au mouillage de I'ile de Rh6 
(cette manoeuvre habile est due toute entiere au contre- 
amiral Bruix), un mois juste apres le depart de 

Before the end of the month of January, Iloche was 
appointed to the command of the Republican army of 
the Rhine, and after some severe fighting, in which 
he Avas victorious, appeared before Frankfort. He 
died in his thirtieth year, on the loth September 1797, 

" Tlu< followinft' short nbstract," saj-.s James (vol. ii. p. 9) "will 
show as well the loss sustained by the Brest fleet (lnriii"- its 



(not without suspicion of having been taken off by- 
poison), and lies buried at Coblentz beside the remains 
of Mar^eau.* To the last, Heche appears never to 

voyage to Ireland and back, as the date of the arrival in France 
of the line of battle part of it." 









Port arrived at in January 

- ? 












Line, (all 74s,) 
but one an83j 
Frigates . . . 
Brigs . . . . 
Flutes. . . . 

Total . . 












* The following verses on the death of Hoche, who but a few 
months before had attempted the conquest of Ireland, appeared 
in the Press newspaper, published in Dublin, and are here copied, 
not on account of their merit, but as illustrative of the revolu- 
tionary cliaracter of that print: 

"Weep! Gallia weep I in sorrow droop thy head, 
Thy Hoche, thy hero, and thy friend is dead ; 
That man so ti-uly gi'eat in freedom's cause, 
That brave defender of his country's laws; 
Who, from her fields tlie Pitt-leagued tyrants chased, 
And all the hordes of slaves that laid them waste; 
Made the crown'd robbers of his native soil, 
Shake on their blood-stain'd thrones and quit their spoil. 
Now pale and breathless, lo ! the hero lies, 
As envious fate had call'd him to the skies. 
But still unconrjuered, tlio' resigned his breath. 
He springs immortal from the aims of death ; 
O I friend of man, upon thy honoured bier, 
The good and brave shall drop a grateful tear ; 
Bright fame, thy virtues fi-om oblivion save. 
And snatch thy honours from the silent grave, 
From age to age thy glorious deeds impart. 
And make thy monument each Patriot's heai-t" 


have abandoned the desire to subdue P^ngland by 
means of Ireland ; " mais il ne considere I'lrland^ 
que comnie le chemin de Londres," says his bio- 
grapher. In a letter to General Hedouville, Iloche 
writes, " Ma fortune me menerait-elle, avec cette 
armee, aux portes de Vienne, ce que j'espere, je 
la quitterais encore pour aller a Dublin, et de la a 
Londres"; and in the last letter addressed by him to 
the Minister of Marine he alludes to the subject. 

Charles Hamilton Teeling, a state prisoner in Dub- 
lin, at the time of the appearance of the Freach fleet 
in Bantry bay, thus relates in a romantic personal 
narrative of the Rebellion of 1798,* the feelings of 
himself and fellow prisoners. " It was at the still hour of 
night, in the depth of the wintiy stoi'm, when the old 
year had nearly run its course, and the approach of 
the new was anticipated with alternate hopes and fears, 
when every moment inci'eased suspense and every 
footstep caught the listening ear, that the long vaulted 
passages announced the approach of feet, which pro- 
claimed the arrival of the most unlooked-for but most 
welcome of friends. 

" The moment was to us one of the deepest interest. 
The country was agitated ; the government was 
alarmed; all the disposable military force was in motion, 
for a hostile squadron hovered on the peaceful shores 

* Publislied in London 1828. Inscribed to his wife and 
children, as "the only inheritance which the enemies of his 
country have loft him to bequeath." 



of the south, and the capacious bay of Bantiy was 
crowded with foreign masts. Never had Ireland 
experienced an hour of greater excitement — never was 
her population more agitated with alternate hopes and 
fears. The prisons were crowded with the most 
popular characters of the day; and as the troops were 
passing that in which we were confined, some detach- 
ments halted and cheered us on their march to the 
south. The anxiety of the people increased, as alarm 
for our safety or hopes of our liberation prevailed. 
The sanguinary measures of the administration had 
alienated the great majority of the nation, and the 
minority possessed neither the influence nor the power 
to contend with the approaching storm. Everything 
without the cabinet bespoke the alarm that prevailed 
within, for government had neither the wisdom to 
conciliate the people, nor the talent to direct the dis- 
posable force, with which they were ill-prepared to 
encounter a bold and adventurous foe. Hurry, con- 
fusion, and disorder, marked the advance of the army; 
all was terror, doubt and dismay; troops disaffected, 
horses wanting, the munitions of war badly supplied, 
and even the bullet was unfitted to the calibre of the 
cannon,* which a defective commissariat had supplied. 
The general's culinary apparatus only was complete; 
and while the troops had to contend with the severity 
of the winter's storm, the mountain's torrent, roads 

* "Nine-pound shot was provided for six pound cannon." — 


broken up by the floods or rendered impassable from 
the depth of the drifted snow, peril and dismay in the 
front, hunger and privation in the rear; everything 
that could gratify the palate, even to the satiety of 
taste, was profusely provided for the general's table.* 
And thus prepared, the unwieldy Dalrymple faced to 
the south, to meet the invincible Hoche, the victor of 
La Vendee, followed by the bravest troops the re- 
public of France could boast. But the elements 
protected the empire for Britain, and the country was 
preserved from the havoc of war." 

Of the many chimerical inventions which at this 
period were intended to influence and delude the 
minds of the ignorant and disaffected Irish, as to the 
power of France, the circulation of documents rejire- 
senting balloons freighted with armed men, and 
equipped with steering appai-atus, and of rafts on flat- 
bottomed boats, were of common occurrence ; although 
such prints are now rarely to be met with. The Editor 
is indebted to Sir Lucius O'Brien, Bart., for the original 
drawing from which the annexed woodcut is copied. 
It was probably the work of some disaffected " philo- 
math" or schoolmaster in the county of Clare or 
Limerick, confidentially exhibited, and publicly dis- 
cussed, by the agitators of the age in these localities. 

* " So peculiarly delicate was the general's palate, that 
gentlemen who served under him in the yeomanry ranks, were 
sometimes obliged to ride express ten or fifteen miles to procure 
cayenne pepper for his soup and capers for his favorite sauce." 

V 2 



s s 

i f as 

.S M. O 

3 n - 

3 ^ -S 

5 -^ 

a -^ 

s « 

•3 ^ C O 


And ^vhat is the true history of the failure of this 
expedition? The Editor has been told from the most 
unquestionable authority — that it was public confidence 
in the English funds — the trust of England in her 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. — This is not the time or 
place to enter into more minute statements— but there 
can be no doubt whatever, that the captain of the 
Fraternite had accepted a bribe of a considerable 
amount, to give the military and naval commanders 
in chief a cruise for a few weeks on the bank of 
Newfoundland, before landing them in Ireland ; 
and that he performed this little delicate act of secret 
service so well, that he boldly drew upon the English 
Government for double the amount agreed upon, 
which however was ultimately arranged to the perfect 
satisfaction of all parties concerned. 

As an illustration of the proverb " Before fire there 
is smoke," two songs are appended to this introduction. 

It is a subject of no incurious speculation how and 
by what means historical movements of national revo- 
lution have been paralized. The spirit of philosophy 
replies, " speculation and money." 

The two following songs were written in 1779, in 
anticipation of the lauding and defeat of the French. 
They both appear in Swiney's Juvenile Muse, intro- 
duced into a dramatic entertainment called The Alarm, 
founded on the supposed appearance of the enemy's 
fleet ofi" Ban try bay. In this little drama, the odd 


combination of fact with fiction; of local with classical 
names, although seriously intended by the author, is 
highly ludicrous. Thus, in the first scene, Marcus 
and Antonius meet upon the Mall or grand parade in 
Cork, and Ventidius and other Roman [Catholic] 
officers figure in Georges Street, when Ventidius says, 
" Lapp's Island is the general parade." Elsewhere 
the following direction occurs : — 

" Aurelius, dispatch some flying troops, 
Forward towards Baiitry to observe the French." 

A genuine letter in every respect, except the 
address and writer's signature, upon which the troops 
that had marched from Cork to oppose the invadei's 
were countermanded, is preserved by Mr. Swiney in 
his drama. 

" To Antillus, general of the Vohinteer Army, &c. 

To remove, as soon as possible, the public apprehensions, 
occasioned by the ill-founded rumour of a French invasion, I 
find it necessary to acquaint you with the event which gave rise 
to the report. A fleet was seen hovering about this bay, which 
at first view, appeared to sail under French colours ; but upon 
closer observation, the mistake was cleared up, as it proved to be 
a British squadron. Numbers at first hurried away by fear, and 
the natural desire of self-pi-eservation fled for safety to the city 
and there propagated the fiction with additional horrors. As 
you may depend upon this account to be a real fact, it is needless 
to point out to you the propriety of making it as public as 
possible, in order to remove the general terror. 

I have the honor to be, 
Buutry, June 4, 1779. Your most obedient humble servant, 



The occurrence upon which The Alarm Avas founded, 
is thus chronicled by Fitzgerald in his Cork Remem- 
brancer. " 1779, June 4. The True Blue, Boyne, 
Aughrim, Union and Culloden, armed societies of the 
city of Cork, had a general field-day at Balliphehane, 
from whence they returned to the Mall about two 
o'clock, where they fired three vollies each, in honour 
of his Majesty's birth-day ; they were scarcely done 
dinner, when the to\vn was alarmed with the news of 
a large French fleet having appeared oflT Bantry bay. 
Drums instantly began to beat to arms, through every 
quarter of the city; the volunteers again assembled 
and paraded on the Mall. The true Blues took 
charge of the main guard, the Highlanders quitted it 
and joined the remaining part of the regiment in the 
old barracks. Palms Westropp, Esq., Mayor of Cork, 
summoned a council to consider what was necessary 
to be done on such an alarming occasion ; the coun- 
tenances of the people were sensibly changed, terror 
in some, courage in others, and joy in the hearts and 
minds of some of the lower class or rabble of the city. 
Fear and apprehension, danger and distress, sat 
visible almost on every brow; the affliction and un- 
easiness of the people could be more easily conceived 
than described; several Roman Catholics took up arms, 
offered to assist the volunteers, and distinguish them- 
selves like loyal subjects in defence of their country. 
The volunteers paraded the whole night, preserved 
peace, order, and regularity, and licld themselves in 
constant readiness to repel the expected foe. About 


ten at night, the Highland regiment marched from the 
old barracks towards Bandon; they were met express 
on the road, countermanded, and returned next 
morning; upon the whole, it appeared to be an English 
fleet hovering off Cape Clear, who, on firing several 
great guns in honour of his Majesty's birth-day, gave 
rise to the alarm and expected ' invasion. In short, 
the alertness, spirited conduct and behaviour of our 
volunteers on this alarming occasion, claim the most 
exalted praise, and will transmit their fame to postei'ity 
with honour and lustre which time itself cannot 

Another report of invasion, which caused a move- 
ment of the troops, occui-red in Cork, on the 4th 
September following, and arose from the appearance 
of the homeward-bound Jamaica fleet off Kinsale. 

The song of " The French now are landed " was 
thus introduced into the second act of the Alarm, 
which was represented by an amateur theatrical com- 
pany in Cork. 

" Scene II. The North Main Street. 
Enter a Ballad Singer, sitrrowided by a mob. 

Ballad-singer. Here is an excellent new song, made on the 
present alarm occasioned by the landing of the French in Bantry." 

Tune. — " How happy a life does a Miller possess." 

The French are now landed to plunder our coast. 
But soon we'll discomfit their cowardly host; 
And prove to the grief of those spider-like dogs, 
Hibernians will never knock under to froffs. 


We'll lead them a dance they ne'er practised before; 
Compel these French skippers to skip from our shore, 
And long rue the ill-fated hour when they came 
Our land and submissive allegiance to claim. 

No doubt they surmise we are ignorant fools, 
To be of such spindle-shaped shadows the tools; 
However, we'll show them they're sadly misled, 
And make them remember invasion with dread. 

"Were all the soup gentry to enter our land, 
With Louis the haughty, as first in command, 
Our bold volunteers would oblige them to yield. 
Lie drowned in their gore, or relinquish the field. 

Tune. — " Jolly Mortals, fill your glasses.' 

Now, my lads, let glory fire us, 
To pursue the sons of France: 

George — Hibernia — both require us; 
Freedom courts us to advance. 

Blest with freedom's glorious charter. 
We shall ne'er desert her cause; 

Ne'er our king or countiy barter, 
For proud Louis' slavish laws. 


Shortly he'll behold ^vith wonder, 

Little all his art avails; 
Soon we'll drive the invading dunder 

Back, to feast on frogs and snails. 

Hark ! the God of War invites us, 
Ireland's genius to protect; 

Courage, sure, must now incite us, 
Her deliverance to effect. 




The chorus of this song, by which it and many other 
songs, generally of a rebellious character, are known, 
means literally " The Old Crippled Woman," under 
which figure Ii-eland is allegorically depicted. The 
authorship or singing of " The Shan Van Vocht," the 
Editor believes caused a military court of enquiry to 
be held, at Cork, into the conduct of Mr. Michael 
Joseph Barry, an active member of one of the volun- 
teer corps of that city; and as the song appears for the 
first time, to the Editor's knowledge, in print in "The 
Songs of Ireland," (Duffy's Library for Ireland J edited 
by a gentleman with the same christian and surname 
as those of the presumed author, the editor follows 
respectfully Mr. Barry's copy, with quoting merely his 
observation, that "the versions of this song are num- 
berless; but that here given is considered the best." 
It may be so ; but the last verse is certainly " out of 


keeping," as an artist would term it, with the preceding 


Oh! the French are on the sea. 

Says the Shan Van vocht; 
The French are on the sea, 

Says the Shan Va?i vocht; 
Oh I the French are in the hay, 
They'll be here without delay, 
And the Orange will decay, 

Says the Shan Van vocht. 


Oh! the French are in the Bay, 
They'll be here by break of day, 
And the Orange will decay, 
Says the Shan Van vocht. 

And where will they have their camp? 

Says the Shan Van vocht; 
Where will they have their camp? 

Says the Shan Van vocht: 
On the Carrach of Kildare, 
The boys they will be there 
With their pikes in good repair, 

Says the Shan Van vocht. 

To the Currach of Kildare 
The boys they will repair, 
And Loi'd Edward will be there, 
Says the Shan Van vocht. 


Then what will the yeomen do? 

Says the Shan Van vocht; 
What will the yeomen do? 

Says the Sha7i Van vocht; 
What should the yeomen do, 
But throw off the red and blue, 
And swear that they'll be true 

To the Shan Van vocht. 

What should the yeomen do 
But throw off the red and blue, 
And swear that they'll be true 
To the Shan Van vocht. 

And what colour will they wear? 

Says the Shan Van vocht; 
What colour will they wear? 

Says the Shan Van vocht; 
What colour should be seen 
Where our Fathers' homes have been, 
But their own immortal Green? 

Says the Shan Van vocht. 

What colour should be seen 
Where our Fathers' homes have been. 
But their own immortal Green? 
Says the Shan Vati vocht. 

And will Ireland then be free? 
Says the Shun Van vocht; 


Will Ireland then be free? 

Says the Sha.7i Vati vocht; 
Yes! Ireland shall be free, 
From the centre to the sea ; 
Then hurra for Liberty! 

Says the Shan Van vocht. 

Yes! Ireland shall be free, 
From the centre to the sea ; 
Then hurra for Liberty ! 
Says the Shan Van vocht. 



This ballad, which, was probably first printed in a 
newspaper of the time, appears in " A Collection of 
Constitutional Songs," vol. i. p. 80, published by A. 
Edwards, Cork, 1799, and is entitled " the Invasion, 
(written in January 1797)." It is here given from 
collation with a revised copy in a small volume of 
"Verses," "privately printed at the Wesleyan Mission 
press, Columbo," without date, (but obviously 1821). 
The corrections are little more than verbal, except the 
omission of the 10th verse, " But not to Albion's navy 
bold," and the addition of the 14th verse, commencing, 


" And fierce and furious is the gale." Some of the 
author's corrections only are followed, as the Editor 
does not consider them all to have been made for the 
better. Various readings are pointed out in the notes. 
The author was Sir Hardinge Giffard, who died chief 
justice of Ceylon, on his return to England in 1827. 

Now fair and strong the south-east blew, 

And high the billows rose ; 
The French fleet bounded o'er the main,* 

Freighted with Erin's foes. 

Oh ! where was Hood, and where was Howe, 

And where Cornwallis then; 
Where Colpoys, Bridport, orf Pellew,| 

And all their gallant men ? 

* waves. — Author's MS. 

t and. — Corrected edition, 1821. 

J The question asked in this line subsequently formed the 
groundwork of a motion, by I\Ir. ^Yhitbread in the House of 
Commons, and of the Earl of Albemarle in the House of Peers, 
for a committee to inquire into the conduct of ministers respect- 
ing the Frencli invasion of Bantry bay. It was stated that 
although the enemy's fleet had been at sea from the middle of 
December to the 6th of January, the English squadron under 
Lord Bridport remained in harbour, -while that commanded by 
Admiral Colpoys actually came into Portsmouth the very day on 
which the news of the arrival of the French fleet in Bantry 
bay reached London (31st December). The reply of Mr. 
Dundas was a satisfactoiy vindication of ministers. He stated 
that Sir Edward Pellew's squadron was eiiqiloycd in cruizing off 


Nor skill nor courage aught avail, 
Against high Heaven's decrees,* 

The storm arose and closed our ports, 
A mist o'erspread the seas. 

For not to feeble, mortal man. 
Did God his vengeance trust; 

He raised his own tremendous arm, 
All-powerful asf all just. 

Brest to watch the motions of the enem}', but the hazy state of 
the weather was such, that fog guns were obliged to be continually 
fired, and the French fleet succeeded in getting out, notwith- 
standing all the efforts of that active and gallant officer to prevent 
it ; that Admiral Colpoys's squadron, which was also hovering 
off Brest, came into harbour for supplies, having been kept out 
longer than was anticipated, by Sir Roger Curtis, who was en- 
gaged in the pursuit of Admiral Eichery, delaying to relieve it ; 
that Lord Bridport's squadron, which was ordered on the 21st 
of December off Cape Clear, sailed on the 25th; but the dense- 
ness of the fog prevented his falling in with a single French 
vessel ; and that other ships had also been dispatched in search 
of the enemy. Mr. Dundas triumphantly observed, that if with 
every previous knowledge, the most accurate arrangement had 
been made to intercept the hostile expedition, and that ministers 
had failed in doing so, no blame could fairly be attached to them, 
when the state of the weather was such as to render it impossible 
for the admiral and general intrusted with the command, (and who 
had sailed at the same time from the same port) to rejoin the 
main body, or even to communicate with it. 

* When Providence gainsays. — Cork edition, 1799. 

t and.— Cork edition, 1799. 


Now fierce and loud the tempest roared,* 

And swept tlie quivering main; 
And part go south, and part go west. 

And part the shore attain. 

And tremblingt on the boisterous wave, 

The shattered vessels lie ; 
The billows mounting o'er their heads, 

To kiss the bending sky. 

" Arise, ye sons of Erin, rise, 

The Gaul is on the shore ; 
He comes, begrim'd with murder foul 

And red with royal gore." 

The sons of Themis:}: proudly drew 

The sword of justice bi-ight ; 
And thirty thousand yeomen's swords § 

Reflected back its light. 

* blew. — Cork edition, 1799. 

■f tumbling. — Cork edition, 1799, and Author's MS. 

% " Goddess of law.'" — MS. note. An evident compliment to 
the Dublin lawyers' corps, to which of course the author belonj^ed. 

§ blades. — Cork edition, 1799. The author's MS. has swords. 
Thirty thousand is a poetic amplification ; for the London Gazette 
of 17th January, 1797, states that " the nflmber of yeomanry 
fully appointed and disciplined in Dublin exceed two thousand, 
above four hundred of whom arc horse. The whole number of 
corps approved by government amount to four hundred and forty, 
exclusive of the Dublin corps. The gross number is nearly 
twenty -five thousand." 



Now firm and bold her patriot sons* 

To Erin's coasts repair ; 
With ardent zeal they hold their march, f 

Their banners fill the air. 

But not to Albion's navy bold, 

Nor Erin's patriot band. 
Did God his ministry depute 

To save his favored land. 

In Bantry's deep| and rocky bay, 

The hostile navy rode ; 
And now arrived the festal hour 

When earth beheld her God.§ 

The impious crews, || with anxious eyes 
Gazed on each verdant plain ;ir 

And mocked and scoffed the holy time 
With many a jest profane. 

* hardy troops. — Cork edition, 1799. 

t march along. — Cork edition, 1 799. 

t bold.— Author's MS. 

§ " Christmas Day, 1796."— MS. note. 

II Crew.— Author's MS. 

^ However anxious those embarked may have been to get on 
shore, they were certainly not allured by the sight of verdant 
plains. " Last night it blew a heavy gale from the eastward with 
snow, so that the mountains are covered this morning, which will 
render our bivouacs extremely amusing." — December 23, 1796. 
Tone's Journal on board the Indomptable in Bantry Bay. 


But sure such loud and angry winds 

Ne'er shook the seas before ; 
Nor ever did the glaring clouds* 

With| such deep thunder roar. 

And fierce and furious is the gale 

That tears the troubled sky ; 
"While, trembling in the dreadful blast, 

The boasting cowards fly. 

For thirteen nights and thirteen days 

Their scattered navy| strove ; 
And some were wrecked, and some despair, 

Before the tempest drove. 

Now, ever praised be our God 

Who saved us from their hand, 
And never more may foe presume 

To dare this christian land. 

* skies. — Cork edition, 1799. 

t In.— Author's MS. 

t The famish 'd wretches. — Cork edition, 17'J!>. 





From a manuscript copy procured for the Editor by 
Miss Elliot. The writer is said to have been the Rev.- 
*Horatio Townsend, author of the Statistical Surveij of 
Cork. 2 vols. 8vo. 2nd ed. 1815, and other works. 

On a mountain whose summit approach'd to the skies, 

Hibernia in anguish reclined; 
Unstrung was her harp, all bedewed were her eyes. 

And her tresses flowed loose in the wind. 
'Twas the goddess of discord that reigns over France, 

In her bosom had raised those alarms; 
Who amidst Gallic warriors shook her dread lance, 

And in Ireland directed their arms. 

" Shall the sister of Britain," she cried, "that blest Isle, 

No cup but of happiness taste; 
On her shall sweet peace everlastingly smile, 

While here rage and war commit waste; 
No, bear desolation and death to her shore. 

Where treasures of nature abound; 
Proud England her conquests shall gladly restore, 

And France be with victory crowned." 

She said, and her sons to th(jir ships in delight, 
With haste inconsiderate flew. 


From the navy of Britain she wrapt them in night, 

And soon showed lerne in view; 
Inflamed by the prospect, and eager for spoil, 

With ardour and canvas they pressed, 
And while they impatient redoubled their toil, 

Hibernia her Sire thus addressed: 

" Disposer of fate, still the innocent's friend, 

On Ireland with favour look down ; 
From the blood-stained despoiler my votaries defend, 

And crush these proud hopes with thy frown. 
Oh, ne'er let the sons of impiety bold, 

Defying thy judgments, exclaim, 
That guilt is permitted to rage uncontrouled. 

And Providence nought but a name." 

She spoke, and loud thunder proclaimed to her ear, 

That the boon was conceded by Heaven; 
The tempest's strain rose, filled the boldest with fear. 

While each bark in disorder was driven; 
The sport of wild waves, some were tossed to and fro. 

Some engulphed in the fathomless main. 
Some captured, while all who survived, in despair 

Bewailed their rash project in vain. 

Hibernia enraptured her mellow harp strung ; 

And, transport succeeding to pain. 
So sweetly her tribute of gratitude sung, 

That angels re-echoed that strain; 


Oh join the loud chorus of thanks and of love, 
Through all Europe be wafted the sounds; 

Praise Him, who on virtue beams mild from above. 
But guilt and presumption confounds. 



Printed in the 1st volume of a Collection of Constitutional 
Songs. A. Edwards, Cork, 1799, p. 78. 

The world has long waited in great consternation 
Th' event of this wonderful French preparation ; 
Whether Portugal,* Ireland, or India called west, 
Should be prey to the fierce desperadoes of Brest. 

Derry down, &c. 

* In Tone's Journal of 18th October, 1796, the following 
anecdote is given respecting this report. " Shee told me a 
good story to-day. The English had lodged fifty louis to pay 
the printer here (Brest) for a copy of the proclamation which 
they foresaw Hoche would publish, wheresoever he was bound. 
He got wind of this, and by Shee's advice prepared a proclamation 
for the Portuguese, in order to have it translated. Having thus 
spread the report among these knaves, he sent oft' Shee privately to 
Angiers, where there is a printer on whom he has reliance, and 
caused the proclamation to be printed there, taking every possible 
precaution that not a copy should escape. It was well imagined 


There was Admiral Galle, faith, and Richery too, 
A pair of damned pirates as ever you knew ; 
With soldiers and galley-slaves led on by Hoche, * 
I wish the dee'l had the whole set " dans sa poche." 

Derry down, &c. 

'Twas long undetermined which way they should steer, 
'Till at last they bethought 'em of our Christmas cheer; 
When with good provisions our cellars are stored, 
And beef and plum-pudding smoke rich on the board. 

Derry down, &c. 

In anger and appetite none could exceed 'em. 
They failed — 'tis no treason to say, devil speed 'em, 
That this was their scheme you must own is most clear. 
For they moored twixt Sheeps-head and the island of 
Beer.f Derry down, &c. 

of Colonel Shee, and I have no doubt but those rascally priests 
will take care the story of the Portuguese proclamation shall 
find its way to England. All fair — all fair." 

* This, no doubt alludes to the legion noire — "about eighteen 
hundred. They are the banditti for England, and sad black- 
guards they are. They put me strongly in mind of the green- 
boys of Dublin." — Tones Journal, 10th November, 1796. 

f Punning as this line may seem, it is nevertheless correct. 
Sheep's Head, or Mintcrbarra Point, is at the eastern entrance of 
Bantry bay ; Beer, Bere or Bear island, is about a league north- 
west of it, and about six miles in length. The channel between 
Bere island on the western side of Bantry bay is about an English 
mile in breadth, and alTords good anchorage in from ten to iifteen 


It blew from the shore a brisk wind at north-east, 
And they snufF'd in the gale, Richard Whites* Christ- 
mas feast ; 
For at Seafield good cheer and good fellowship reign. 
May our enemies long for them ever in vain. 

Derry down, &c. 

How they licked their lank lips, as they thought to 
On his Carberry mutton and old bottled-ale ; [regale 
But in this the French gluttons were sadly mistaken, 
'Stead of tasting his meat, not to save their own bacon. 

Derry down, &c. 

For Patrick, the tutelar saint of our isle. 
Looked down on his favourite sons with a smile. 
" No ravages shall this fair country deform, 
I'll scatter the ruffians," he cried, " with a storm." 

Derry down, &c. 

With spirits elate, and with arms in each hand 
Indignant we rose to repel this rash band ; 
Meantime our good saint had preferred his petition, 
A'^d .^Eolus, well pleased, undertook the commission. 

Derry down, &c. 

fathoms water. On the east of the island, or main-passage up the 
bay, th(( anchorage varies from thirty to forty fathoms. 

* The present Earl of Bantry. The London Gazette of 3rd 
Janunry, 1797, states that " in particular, the spirit, activity, and 
exertions of Richard White, Esq., of Seafiicld Park, deserve the 
most liononrable mention." 


The wind 'gan to rage, and the surges to roar, 

And drove them, half-starved, from the long wished- 

for shore ; 
A few ships returned, when the weather grew still. 
But they ne'er could get forther than Hungry Hill. 

Derry down, &c. 

name of ill omen to Richery's crew. 

The island of promise j ust suffered to view ; 

Now robbed of their booty, let Hoche and his hectors 

Go tell their great feats to the Gallic directors. 

Derry down, &c. 

To complete their confusion, Lord Bridport appears,* 
And the flag of Great Britain triumphant uprears ; 
Upon the Atlantic all scattered they rove, 
As sheep from the wolf, or from falcon the dove. 

Derry down, &c. 

Then bumper your glasses, to George drink a health, 
To Ireland, peace, hajipiness, honor, and wealth ; 
May no feuds or discord her united sons sever, 
And our army and navy be victorious for ever. 

Derry down, &c. 

* Lord Bridport's S(|iiadron, consisting of ten sail of the line, 
put to sea from Spithoad on the 3rd January, 1797, in cpiest 
of the French (leet. 




At the time of the Bantry bay Invasion, the south 
and west of Ireland were, comparatively speaking, 
free from the rebellious poison which the United 
Irishmen, of the north, endeavoured to instil into the 
country, and these districts were therefore decidedly 
hostile to France. 

The zeal and alacrity of the yeomanry and volunteer 
corps, upon the intelligence of the appearance of the 
enemy's fleet, is particularly noticed in the London 
Gazette, of 3rd January 1797. And in the subse- 
quent Gazette, of 7th of January, it is stated, that 
" the accounts of the disposition of the country where 
the troops are assembled are as favorable as possible, 
and the greatest loyalty has manifested itself through- 
out the kingdom; and in the south and west, where the 
troops have been in motion, they have been met by 
the country people of all descriptions with provisions 
and all sorts of accommodations to facilitate their 
march ; and every demonstration has been given of 
the zeal and ardour of the nation to oppose the enemy, 
in every place where it could be supposed a descent 
might be attempted." 

The London Gazette, of the 17th of January, con- 
tains a letter from the Lord Lieutenant,* in which after 

* Earl Camden. 


noticing the good disposition evinced by the troops, his 
excellency proceeds: — " The roads, which in parts had 
been rendered impassable by the snow, were cleared 
by the peasantry. The poor people often shared their 
potatoes with them, and dressed their meat without 
demanding payment ; of which there was a very par- 
ticular instance in the town of Banagher, where no 
gentleman or principal farmer resides to set them an 
example. At Carlow a considerable subscription was 
made for the troops as they passed ; and at Limerick 
and Cork every exertion was used to facilitate the 
carriage of artillery and baggage, by premiums to the 
carmen;* and in the town of Galway which for a short 
time was left with a very inadequate garrison, the 
zeal and ardour of the inhabitants and yeomanry was 
peculiarly manifested, and in a manner to give the 
utmost satisfaction. In short the general good dispo- 
sition of the people through the south and west was so 
prevalent, that had the enemy landed their hope of 
assistance from the inhabitants would have been totally 
disappointed. From the armed yeomanry government 
derived the most honorable assistance. Noblemen 
and gentlemen of the first property vied in exerting 
themselves at the head of their corps. Much of the 

* The merchants of Cork kept ready in stable twenty horses 
at their own expense for the use of governiuent, and on the 3rd 
of January they gave refreshments to seven hundred of the army, 
besidi'S making an allowance of two pence halfpenny to tiio wife,, 
and two ponce to eacii ciiild, per day, of those married soldiers 
who had nuirched towards Banlry. — Ei>. 


express and escort duty was performed by them. In 
Cork, Limerick, and Galway, they took the duty of 
the garrison. Lord Shannon informs me, that men of 
three and four thousand pounds a-year were employed 
in escorting baggage and carrying expresses. Mr. 
John Latouche, who was a private in his son's corps, 
rode twenty-five miles in one of the severest nights, 
with an express, it being his turn for duty. The 
merchants of Dublin, many of them of the first 
eminence, marched sixteen, Irish, miles with a convoy 
of arms to the north, whither it was conducted by 
reliefs of yeomanry." 

The song here given is from a manuscript copy, 
accidentally rescued by the Editor from lighting a fire 
in an inn at Bandon, May 1825. An inferior version 
is printed in the first volume of a " Collection of Con- 
stitutional Songs," A. Edwards, Cork, 1799, p. 54. 
It is evidently an impromptu on the first intelligence 
of the French fleet having anchored in Bantry bay, 
and exemplifies the loyal feeling so strongly manifested 
on that trying occasion. 

Tune — " Lilliburlero." 

Oh ! brother soldier, heard you tlie news. 

Twang 'em, we'll bang 'em, and hang em up all ; 
An army's arrived without breeches or shoes. 
Twang 'em, we'll bang 'em, and hang em up all. 
To arms, to arms! 
Brave boys, to arms! 


A true Irish cause on your courage does call, 
Court, country, and city, 
Against a banditti ; 
Twang 'em, we'll bang 'em, and hang 'em up all. 

The French to invade us prepared a great fleet, 

Twang 'em, &c. 
And now since they're come, we shall very soon meet. 

Twang 'em, &c. 

To arms, to arms, &c. 

They come the true cause, they say, to advance. 

Twang 'em, &c. 
But what is more rare they bring fx-eedom from France. 

Twang 'em, &c. 

To arms, to arms, &c. 

If this should surprise you, there's news, brothers, yet. 

Twang 'em, &c. 
They bring French assignats to pay every man's debt. 

Twang 'em, &c. 

To arms, to arms, &c. 

• It was intended by the French to issue assignats immedi- 
ately on their landing. A few were issued by Humbert's order 
at Killala. The following is a copy of one of these: 
" No. 20. 

" In the name of the French government, good for half-a- 
guinea, to be raised of the province of Connauglit. 

"3rd September, 1798. " John Moore." 

Mr. Moore, who signed the above, was the son of a Konian 


And sure this is paying you in the best ore, 

Twang *em, &c. 
For who once is thus paid, will never want more. 

Twang 'em, &c. 

To arms, to arms, &c. 

After all their good nature, we shall not agree, 

Twang 'em, &c. 

Our Protestant heroes will make them to flee. 
Twang 'em, 8fc. 

To arms, to arms, &c. 



This song is printed in the first volume of " A Col- 
lection of Constitutional Songs. A. Edwards, Cork, 
1799, p. 56." And it is given in addition to the pre- 
ceding, as evidence of the loyal alacrity generally 
manifested by all classes at the appearance of the 
French fleet in Bantry bay. From the fourth verse 
it would seem to have been written by a student of 

Catholic gentleman of considei'able fortune in the count}' of 
Mayo, and was appointed President of Connaught by General 


Trinity College, Dublin, on the formation of " the col- 
lege corps." 

The dispatch of his excellency the lord lieutenant, 
published in the London Gazette^ of 17th January, 
1797, and already extensively quoted from, contains 
the following passage. " The appearance in this 
metropolis has been highly meritorious. The corps 
have been formed of the most respectable barristers, 
attornies, merchants, gentlemen, and citizens, and 
their number is so considerable, and their zeal in 
mounting guards so useful, that I was enabled greatly 
to reduce the garrison with perfect safety to the town." 

Tune — " Joy and health to the Duchess wherever she goes." 

Ye sons of Hibernia, alive to the call 

Of duty most sacred, of glory and honour; 
Resolved with your country to stand or to fall. 
Who gloriously crowd to true liberty's banner; 

Thus loyal and free 

You always shall be, 
Your king and your country rewards shall bestow, 

And gratitude raise 

The song to your praise. 
Success to our yeomen wherever they go. 

In history's volume the sage shall record. 

How in anarchy sunk and urged on by distraction, 

'Gainst this loyal kingdom that France drew the sword, 
Obeying the nod of vile party and faction : 


To your country still true, 

To your arms you flew 
With ardour to combat the insolent foe ; 

While Hibernia with pride 

Triumphantly cried, 
Success to my yeomen wherever they go. 

Attached to our country, our king, and our laws. 

No party shall rule us, no faction dissever; 
We'll conquer or perish in this glorious cause. 

Our motto shall be " George and freedom for ever." 

To win glory's charms. 

More brothers in arms 
Shall join us, as streams still enlarge as they flow; 

Be sacred each name 

In the records of fame, 
Success to our yeomen wherever they go. 

At college, our students the ardour have caught* 

Of patriots distinguished in Greece and in Rome; 
By such bright examples so gloriously taught. 
To fight for their country in life's early bloom. 
How in every age 
The hero and sage 
United to combat for freedom, they know, 

* " The corps, consisting of three hundred gentlemen of the 
University of Dublin, have so distinguished themselves by spirit 
and activity, that the dangerous outposts upon the canals are 
zisuully committed to them." — Courier Neivspaper, June 12, 171)8- 


For their country enroU'd 
Like the patriots of old, 
The laurel shall wreath them wherever they go. 

All ranks, all professions, shall greatly unite, 

The lawyer, the student, the farmer, the trader ; 
In one armed host for their country to light, 

Their rights to preserve and repel the invader :* 
By this valiant band 
Protected we'll stand, 

* Teeling, in his Personal Narrative, thus ironically describes 
the appearance of Dublin. " Every man was dressed in military 
costume. The clerks of office frisked about like young cadets, 
who, though vain of their dress and appointments, were not yet 
familiarized with their use. Such of the law officers as I encoun- 
tered had exchanged their sable for scarlet, and presented the 
most grotesque appearance, — a perfect caricature of the military 
profession. Some of the aldermanic body, who happened to be 
in attendance [at the Castle], were so completely metamorphosed, 
that even the inventive imagination of Shakspeare could have 
produced no forms more extraordinary, or more opposite in 
nature to the human race,— a combination of German moustaches, 
with Prussian cues extending from the ciunbrous helmet which 
covered the tonsured crown of years ; the gross unwieldy paunch, 
supported by a belt cracking under the woight of turtle and 
savoury ragouts. The immense rotundity projecting beyond the 
scanty skirt of a light horseman's jacket, formed an appearance 
not more disgusting to the eye, than unsuited to the saddle which 
was to bear the precious burthen of the gallant volunteer. 'And 
are these,' said I, ' the heroes that were to contend with Hoche ? 
Oh, blessed bo the hour that raised the storm which protected 
corporate rights, and deprived the vulture of its prey.' " 



Long as sea round the shores of Ireland shall flow ; 

To them let us raise 

The due tribute of praise, 
Success to our yeomen wherever they go. 



From " A Collection of Constitutional Songs. 
i:dwards, Cork, 1799. Vol. 1. p. 92.'" 

Emerald island, verdant Erin, 
Lo! along thy troubled shore, 

Treason high its standard rearing, 
Pants to dye thy fields in gore. 

Once endowed with every blessing, 

Free, united, loyal, brave ; 
Now thy treach'rous sons are pressing 

Thee, their parent to enslave. 

Freedom's sacred name assuming. 

Basely they pervert its end; 
To their dreadful plans presuming, 

Erin's gen'rous soul to bend. 


But beneath the cloak of feeling, 

Love and truth and peace professed; 

Treason, thus its head concealing, 
Points a dagger at thy breast. 

Those for freedom truly fighting. 
Ne'er would sell their native plains ; 

Nor the aid of France inviting. 
Seek a foreign tyrant's chains. 

Erin, ancient seat of learning, 

Whilst o'er Europe darkness spread, 

Can'st not thou, its wiles discerning. 
Crush the specious serpent's head. 

Nurse of heroes, famed in story, 

Oft confounding France and Spain ; 

May those miscreants cause thy gloiy. 
As of old, to shine again. 

See thy sister-island standing, 

Mark her calm majestic form; 
All her ancient soul commanding, 

Smiling at the tlireaten'd storm. 

Round your isles, een now in motion. 

See her circling navy draws; 
Peerless emiiress of the ocean, 

Neptune's self supports her cause. 



Then, in conscious strength ehited, 
Join with her to save the world; 

Soon shall P>ance, to ruin fated, 
At your conqu'ring feet be hurl'd. 



Is entitled " A Song of the United Irishmen," and is 
copied from the appendix, No. xvi. of Sir Richard 
Musgraves Memoirs of the Irish Rebellions : — with the 
following note upon it. " This was found on the mother 
of Dogherty, an United Irishman, who was killed by 
VVoollaghan, at Delgany, in the county of Wicklow, 
in autumn 1798. She was seen to throw it out of her 
pocket, yet she swore she never saw it." Sir Richard 
Musgrave adds the following remark : " By means 
of songs the passions of the multitude were very much 

Rouse, Hibernians, from your slumbers I 

See the moment just arrived, 
Imperious tyrants for to humble. 

Our French brethren are at hand. 


Vive la, united heroes, 

Triumphant always may they be, 
Vive la, our gallant brethren, 

That have come to set us free. 

Erin's sons be not faint-hearted, 

Welcome, sing then ^a Ira; 
From Killala they are marching, 

To the tune of Vive la. 
Vive la, united heroes, &c. 

To arms quickly, and be ready, 

Join the ranks and never flee, 
Determined stand by one another, 

And from tyrants you'll be free. 
Vive la, united heroes, 8fc. 

Cruel tyrants who oppressed you, 

Now with terror see their fall! 
Then bless the heroes who caress you. 

The orange now goes to the wall. 
Vive la, united heroes, &c. 

Apostate orange, why so dull now? 

Self-willed slaves, why do you frown? 
Sure you might know how Irish freemen 
Soon would put your orange down. 
Vive la, united heroes, 

Triumphant always may they be, 
Vive la, our gallant brethren. 
That have come to set us free. 




From a manuscript copy found among the papers of 
the late Mr. Millikin (the author of the " Groves of 
Blarney"), but not in that gentleman's autograph. 

Some lines embodying the same idea occur in the 
poems of O'Kelly, an Irish rhymer, whose visit to 
Sir Walter Scott and Miss Edgeworth, when pass- 
ing through Limerick in 1825, is thus described by 
Mr. Lockhart : — " There was ushered in a brother- 
poet, who must needs pay his personal respects to the 
author of " Marmion." He was a scare-crow figure — 
attired much in the fashion of the strugglcrs — by name 
O'Kelly; and he had produced on the spur of the 
occasion this modest parody of Dryden's famous epi- 

" Three poets, of three different nations born, 
The United Kingdom in this age adorn : 
Byron of England, Scott of Scotia's blood, 
And Erin's pride — O'Kelly great and good." 

" Sir Walter's five shillings were at once forth- 
coming." — &c. 

" While Admiral Bridport lay at rest. 

And Colpoys everywhere was peeping, 
Admiral de Galle stole from Brest, 

And thought to catch the Irish sleeping. 


" But a rare Admiral, General Gale, 

Oh may the gods give him a blessing ! 
Appeared in time with crowded sail, 
And gave to frog-eaters a dressing. 

" Then here's a health to General Gale, 
And to Momonia's friends another. 
Oh may their union never fail 

Invading foes to blast and smother." 

General wonder in our land, 
And general consternation; 

General gale on Bantry strand, 
For general preservation. 

General rich he shook with awe 
At general insurrection ; 

General poor his sword did draw, 
With general disaffection. 

General blood was just at hand, 
As general Hoche appeared; 

General woe fled through our land, 
As general want was feared. 

General gale our fears dispersed, 
He conquered general dread; 

General joy each heart has swelled, 
As general Hoche has fled. 


General love no blood has shed, 
He left us general ease, 

General horror he has fled, 
Let God get general praise. 

To that great General of the skies, 
That sent us general gale, 

With general love our voices rise 
In one great general peal. 



" A NARRATIVE of what passed at Killala in the county 
of Mayo, and the parts adjacent, during the French 
invasion in the summer of 1798, by an Eye-Witness," 
appeared soon after the occurrence, and of which pam- 
phlet (of about 120 8vo. pages) several editions have 
appeared in Ireland. This eye-witness was Dr. Joseph 
Stock, Bishop of Killala, and who was afterwards 
translated to the see of Waterford. But the following 
account of this invasion, which was published in the 
" Dublin Penny Journal," by another eye-witness, is so 
graphic a picture, that the Editor has been tempted 
to transfer it to these pages. 

" A serene and cloudless sky, and brilliant sun, 
rendered the 22nd of August one of the finest days of 
that remarkable season. 

" It was on the morning of that day, whilst proceed- 
ing from Palmerstown to Killala, I first beheld a ship of 
war; three vessels of unusual size, magnified by the 
still calm of the ocean, stretched slowly across the bay 
of Rathfran (on the larboard tack), weathering the 
reef which divides it from the bay of Killala : a smaller 
vessel appeared in the offing. 

"About twelve o'clock the frigates were visible from 


the Steeple Hill and the higher parts of the town ; they 
showed English colours. 

" The collector and some other persons proceeded on 
board; between two and three o'clock, p.m. the frigates 
were standing across towards the bay of Rathfran ; 
marks of agitation and restlessness became now appa- 
rent amongst several of the inhabitants. I met 
O'Kearney, the classical teacher, as he was returning 
from the ' Acres,' a remote and elevated quarter of the 
town ; a half-suppressed smile of satisfaction played on 
his countenance as he saluted me; it was the last time 
we ever spoke. At four o'clock the agitation and 
alarm increased; the revenue officers had not returned. 
The inhabitants were fronted on the Steeple Hill, 
Captain William Kirkwood of the yeomanry, now 
joined in uniform, as well as several of his corps, 
who began to make their appearance. Two officers of 
the carabineers arrived from Ballina; they had been at 
the Cape of Good; Hope, and were judges of all those 
sort of things; we awaited their opinion with anxiety — 
they could form none. ' Here,' said Captain Kirk- 
wood, handing his telescope to an old seaman belonging 
to the town, who had served under Howe and Rodney, 
' here, tell me what these vessels are.' ' They are 
French, sir,' replied the veteran, ' I know them by the 
cut and colour of their sails.' 

" Quitting the crowd, Captain Kirkwood was ac- 
costed by Neal Kerugan (afterwards an active chief of 
insurgents), inquiring, what nation the frigates be- 
longed to. ' Ah, Neal,' replied the Captain, ' you 


know as well as I do.' Returning now to Palmers- 
town, I had scarcely arrived, when a neighbouring 
peasant on horseback, breathless, and with the perspira- 
tion of terror streaming down his forehead, announced 
that a body of strangers in dark uniforms had landed 
from the ships — were distributing arms — had been 
joined by several of the inhabitants, and were actually 
advancing. — ' There they come,' said he, pointing to 
an eminence a mile and half distant, over which the 
road passed, and we beheld a dark and solid mass, 
moving onwards; their arms glittered in the rays of 
the declining sun. They were occasionally visible as 
they passed over the inequalities of the ground, till 
emerging from a banky part of the road, within a 
quarter of a mile of Palmerstown, we beheld their 
column of about eight hundred men, silently, but ra- 
pidly, advancing. They were preceded at some dis- 
tance by a single horseman, a robust middle-aged man, 
dressed in a long green hunting frock, and high conical 
fur cap; stopping for a moment, he saluted us in the 
Leinster patois of Irish, with ' Go de mu ha tu (how 
do ye do? — A general officer (Sarrazin) and aide-de- 
camp (Mr. Tone) were now close up; a laugh of ap- 
probation was interchanged between the chasseur and 
his general. 

"The Commander-in-chief (Humbert) seated in a 
gig now advanced at the head of this celebrated band 
of warriors, which regularly, but with'precision, pressed 
rapidly forwards ; calm and unconcei'ned, they pre- 
sented no indication of men going into combat. Having 


crossed the bridge of Palmerstown, about three hundred 
men were countermarched and bivouacked on the 
green esplanade in front of the village; the remainder 
marched on to Killala. 

" The sun had set behind the western wave and the 
gi'ey twilight of evening was fast advancing, as the 
French, descending the hill of Mullagharn, beheld the 
yeomanry and a party of the Leicestershire fencibles 
forming on a commanding ridge, at the entrance of the 
town ; Captain Kirkwood had been just apprised of 
the hostile landing, by a fisherman, who had crossed at 
Rathfran, whilst the French detoured by Palmers- 
town, and had ordered his men to this post ; from 
which, howevei', they retired into the town, on the 
nearer approach of the French, Three streets diverge 
from the centre of Killala, in the form of a sportsman's 
turnscrew : one southerly towards the 'Acx'es'; a 
second westerly, by which the French were advancing ; 
the third or main street, easterly, winding by the 
church-yard wall, on a steep declivity to the castle ; 
and onwards towards Ballina. 

" It was on the edge of this declivity the military 
reformed; Moreau could not have chosen a more judi- 
cious position for a retreat. Humbert on reaching 
the outskirts of the town, made his dispositions : he 
detached a party under Neal Kerrugan (who had first 
joined him), across the Meadows, to enter by the Acres 
road, in order to cut off the retreat of the military by 
that rout, or turn them if in position ; he advanced a 
few sections, en tirailleur, to occupy the ridge from 


which the military had retired. The chasseur gal- 
lopped into the town to reconnoitre ; he was scarcely 
out of sight in the winding street, when a single shot 
was heard, followed at a short interval by a random 
scattery volley : — it was a moment of anxious sus- 
pense, but the chasseur bore a charmed life. On ap- 
proaching the market-place, he was challenged by a 
yeoman, (a young gentleman of the place), who had 
loitered behind his companions, with ' What do ye 
want, you spy ?' the answer was a bullet through the 
body, and he fell dead into the door of a house at 
which he was standing. The veteran then reconnoitred 
the line of the military, and receiving their fire, re- 
turned to his comrades : he related these events with 
the sangfroid of an amateur ; he had been in twenty 
battles, and had never had the honour of receiving the 
entire fire of the enemy's line before. The tirailleurs 
were warmly engaged ; the column redoubled its speed, 
and at the centre of the town, a ))arty of grenadiers 
which marched at its head, deployed on the main 
street ; they were received by an ill-directed volley 
from the military, at about one hundred yards distance ; 
their captain was struck with a ball on the foot; foam- 
ing with rage, he ordered his grenadiers to charge. 
It was refused by the military ; the yeomanry first 
broke ground and were soon followed by the fencibles. 
Pi-otected by the declivity and the church-yard wall, 
from the French fire, the yeomanry escaped through 
the castle gates ; the fencibles fled onwards towards 
Ballina ; Captain Kirkwood turned down, by his own 


house, to the strand, expecting to reach Ballina, un- 
perceived, by that route. One yeoman alone remained, 
Mr. Smith, the respectable apothecary of the town ; 
aged and afflicted with gout, he was unable to keep 
pace with his companions ; excluded, on shutting the 
castle gates, he struggled to reach his own house, it 
w^as not distant one hundred yards, but his days were 
numbered ; the chasseur was at his heels : eager to 
make Captain Kirkwood, (whom he first observed) his 
prisoner, he disdained the same favour to a soldier be- 
longing to the ranks — he fired, and the unfortunate 
man fell a lifeless corpse." 





Printed in the first volume of " A Collection of Con- 
stitutional Songs." A. Edwards, Cork, 1799, p. 89. 
The editor has no hesitation in ascribing the author- 
ship of this song to Sir Hardinge GifFard. 

Again, to seek our Emerald Isle, 
The frantic Gaul directs his way ; 

Even now his feet the land defile. 
Even now I hear sad Erin say, 
" Once more arise, ye patriot band, 
Avengers of your native land."* 

" By all the fields your fathers won, 

By all the blood yourselves liave shed, 
Let every sire exhort his son 
To emulate the mighty dead : 

Then shall arise the patriot band, 
Avengers of their native land. 

" On yonder cliffs, a f^risly hand, 
I see tlicin sit— they linj;;(!r yet, 
Avengers of their native land." — Gray a Bunl. 


" By Wexford s bridge, begrim'd with blood, 
The scene of many a murderous day, 
While silver Slaney's trembling flood, 
Ran blushing crimson to the sea!* 
To vengeance rise ye patriot bund. 
To vengeance for your native land. 

*' By Enniscorthy's blood- stain'd hill, 
Where many a loyal hero lies. 
By Ross's streets, and Fowkes's mill, 
Once more my sons to glory rise ; 
'Tis Erin calls her patriot band. 
Avengers of their native land. 

" By the sad matron's piercing screams. 
That mingle with her children's cries, 
From Scullaboge'sj detested flames. 

And claim their vengeance from the skies. 
Tis Erin calls her patriot band, 
Avengers of her native land. 

* Sir William Daveiiant, in a poem addressed to the Earl of 
Orrcr}-, thus compliments his lordship upon his victory at Ma- 
croom, in 1650. 

" When Makroom chang'd the colour of her Hood, 
And deeply blush'' d with stains of rebels'' blood; 
When Cork's proud river did her flowing stay, 
And frighted gave the ebb of Makroom way, 
Which from her stream did pale as christal flow, 
But in her ebb as red as corral show." 
f For an account of the horrid tragedies enacted in 1798, at 
the above-named places, see Sir Richard Musgrave's " Memoirs 
of the different Rebellions in Ireland." 


" By glorious Ryan's* honored shade, 
(The victim of a murderer's knife!) 
That spirit by no fear dismayed, 
Which for his country gave liis life. 
'Tis Erin calls her patriot band. 
Avengers of their native land. 

" By sainted Giffard'sf early urn, 
A martyr in the dawn of youth, 

* Captain Ryan received fourteen wounds from a dagger in the 
struggle with Lord Edward Fitzgerald (1 9th May, 1798), which 
ended in the capture of his lordship. Captain Ryan died in 
consequence a few days after. 

+ Lieutenant William Giffard, of the eighty-second regiment, 
son of the well-known " Jack Giffard " of Dublin, was taken out 
of the Limerick mail coach, and piked to death by a party of 
rebels, in May 1798, near Kildure, " The savages having sliot 
one of the horses, so as effectually to prevent the coach from 
proceeding, demanded of Lieutenant Giffard who and what he 
was ; to which he answered without hesitation that he was an 
officer, proceeding on his way to Chatham in obedience to orders 
he had received. They demanded whether lie was a Protestant, 
and being answered in the affirmative, tliey lield a moment's 
consultation, and then told him tliat they wanted officers ; that 
if he would take an oath to be true to them, and join them in an 
attack to bo made the next morning upon Monastereven, they 
would give him a command, hut otherwise he must die. To this 
the gallant youth replied that he had already sworn allegiance to 
the king ; that he would never offend God Almighty by u breach 
of that oath; nor would he disgrace himself by turning a deserter 
and joining the king's enemies ; that he could not suppose an 
army of men would be so cruel as to murder an individual who 



Whose glowing soul no force could turn 
From honour, loyalty, and truth. 
'Tis Erin calls her patriot band, 
Avengers of their native land. 

" By brave Mountjoy* and proud 0'Neill,t 

had never injured them, and who was merely passing through 
them to a country from whence possibly he never should return ; 
but if they insisted on this proposal he must die, for he never 
could consent to it. This brave and yet pathetic answer, which 
would have kindled sentiments of generous humanity in any 
breasts but those of Irish rebels, had directly the contrary effect 
upon them. With the utmost fury they assaulted him ; he had 
a case of pocket pistols, which his natural courage and love of 
life, though hopeless, prompted him to use with effect. Being 
vincommonly active, he burst from them, and vaulting over a six- 
feet wall, he made towards a house where he saw a light, and 
heard people talking. Alas! it afforded no refuge! It was the 
house of poor Crawford (an old soldier and a peusioner), whom 
with his grandaughter they had just piked. A band of barba- 
rians, returning from this exploit, met lieutenant GifFard ; there 
he fell, covered with wounds and glory, and his mangled body 
was thrown into the same ditch with honest Crawford and his 
innocent grandaughter. Thus he expired at the age of seventeen." 
General Sir James Duff, with a bod}' of the king's troops, who 
had made a forced march from Limerick, of seventy miles, with- 
out halting, in forty-eight hours, found the body of the noble 
young Giffard, and interred it with militarj' honours. 

* Luke Gardiner, Lord Mountjoy, colonel of the Dublin 
regiment of militia, was killed on the 5th June, 1798, in the 
first attack made by the rebels on the Three Bullet Gate, at New 
Koss. He was much beloved and lamented. 

I Viscount O'Neill, governor of the county of Antrim, acting 


By gallant Sandys, in glory slain ; 
AVhere many a traitor taints the gale, 
Unburied in the goary plain. 

'Tis Erin calls her patriot band, 

Avengers of their native land. 

" Yes, by those goary fields we swear, 
By every immolated friend, 
The loyal banner still to rear. 
Our king and country to defend. 
Since Erin calls her patriot band, 
Avengers of their native land." 

upon intelligence which he had received, summoned the magis- 
trates of the county, by public notice, to meet him on the 7th 
June, 1798, at Antrim, to concert measures to prevent an insur- 
rection in the north. The leaders of the conspiracy determined 
therefore to attack the town on that day, and to make his lord- 
ship and the other magistrates prisoners. The attack was made 
accordingly, and was very nearly successful. Loixl O'Neill's 
horse, being wounded, became unmanageable, and his lordship 
was knocked off it, in the street between the market house and 
guard house, by a pikeman, and mortally wounded. His lordship 
died on the 17th of June, at Shane's Castle. 




From a collection of songs entitled " The Irish Harp 
new strung." Tune — " Daify, hi clown dilly." It is 
also printed in the appendix, No. xxvii, to the report 
from the Committee of Secrecy of the Irish House of 
Commons, presented by Lord Castlereagh, on the 
21st August 1798. 

See, Erin's sons, yon rising beam, 

The eastern hills adorning, 
Now freedom's sun begins to gleam. 

And break a glorious morning; 
Despotic sway from France is chased, 

And church delusion vanish'd, 
Our isle shall never be disgraced, 

If these dread fiends were banished. 


Plant, plant, the tree, fair freedom's tree. 
Midst danger, wounds, and slaughter; 

Erin's green fields its soil shall be, 
Her tyrant's blood its water. 

They come, they come, see myriads come, 

Of Frenchmen to relieve us : 
Seize, seize, the pike, beat, beat, the drum, 

They come, my friends, to save us; 


Whilst trembling despots fly this land, 

To shun impending danger, 
We stretch forth our fraternal hand, 

To hail each welcome stranger. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

The castle which through ages past, 

For despots was appointed, 
You, sovereign people, claim at last, 

For you're the Lord s anointed : 
The useless baubles that adorned 

Our late vice-royal ninnies, 
Now to the crucible returned, 

Produce you useful guineas. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

Those nicknames, marquis, lord, and earl, 

That set the crowd a-gazing; 
We prize as hogs esteem a pearl, 

Their patents set a-blazing. 
No more they'll vote away our wealth. 

To please a king or queen, sirs, 
But gladly pack away by stealth. 

Or taste the guillotine, sirs. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

Our Commons too who say, for sooth, 

They represent the nation. 
Shall scamper east, west, north, and south. 

Or feel our indignation; 


The speaker's mace to current coin 

We presently will alter, 
For ribands lately thought so fine 

We'll fit each with a halter. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

No more our tithes we'll grumbling throw 

To those who on us trample, 
But, where he wills each man shall go. 

To reason's purest temple; 
Erin go bragh, each choir shall sing, 

The heart oppressed to cheer, sirs; 
Nor those curs'd sounds " God save the King," 

Discordant grate our ears, sirs. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

The nation's bank has been put up. 

To swindling most completely. 
To forgeries it e'en can stoop, 

On guinea notes so neatly. 
And when it gets your solid coin, 

The custom-house marauder, 
Will forgery in red letters join 

To the back of Townly Lawder. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

Those lawyers who with face of brass. 
And wigs replete with learning. 

Whose fav-fetch'd quibbling quirks surpass 
Republicans' discerning; 


For them, to ancient forms be staunch, 
'Twill suit such worthy fellows, 

In justice spare one legal branch, — 
I mean reserve the gallows. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 

And when th' all-glorious work is done. 

Rejoice with one another, 
To plough-shares beat the sword and gun, 

Now ev'ry man's your brother; 
Detested wars shall ever cease 

In kind fraternization, 
All will be harmony and peace. 

And the whole world one nation. 
Plant, plant, the tree, &c. 



Originally published under a caricature print of a 
hussar, riding on an unruly ass, and stated to be 
"found in the pocket of a French officer." To the 
tune of "Malbrook." Reprinted in the first volume 
of "A Collection of Constitutional Songs." Cork: 
A. Edwards, 1799, p. 90. The authorship of this 
song has been attributed to Law, bishop of ICIphin. 



From Kochfort. in the Bay of Biscaj, 
Me come for de very fine wliisliey, 
To make de Jacobine friskey; 

And Erin may go bray,* 

And Erin may go bray! 

Me get de mealy potatoe, 
From de Irish democrato, 
To make de Jacobin fatto. 

And Erin may go bray, &c. 

Me get by de guillotine axes, 

De rents, and de tydes, and de taxes, 

De beef, and de pork, and de flaxes, 

And Erin may go bray, &c. 

De beef be good for my belly, 
De veal make very fine jelly. 
For me to kiss Norah and Nelly. 

And Erin may go bray, &c. 

* A play upon the well-known motto of Erin go bragh. The 
Bantry bay as well as the Killala expeditions, had on board 
several flags, with this and other Irish mottoes and devices. In 
the narrative of the Killala invasion by Bishop Stock, he saj's, 
" A green flag was mounted" (by the French) " over the castle 
gate," (the bishop's residence) " with the inscription Erin go 
BRAGH, importing, as I am told, Ireland for ever! This flag was 
the signal to invite as many as had tlie spirit to assert their free- 
dom to join a brave people, who were come for no other purpose 
but to make tlicm independent and liappv." 


De linen make shirt for my raffle, 
And Pat may go work vid his shovel, 

Or live in his d d dirty hovel. 

And Erin may go bray, &c. 

By Gar! you may grumble and pricko, 
But Jacobin always will sticko, 
While there's any thing for him to picko. 
And Erin may go bray, &c. 

Thanks to Neddy* and 0'Connor,f 
Who did me very great honor, 
To put me astride upon her. 

And Erin may go bray, &c. 

* Lord Edward Fitzgerald. 

t Mr. Arthur O'Connor, the nephew of Lord Longueville, 
was educated for the church, which, as a profession, he gave up 
for the bar. He was brought into the Irish Parliament by his 
uncle, and lo his great surprise and displeasure, in 1795 made a 
violent speech against government; after which he proceeded to 
England, and became intimate with several of the opposition 
members of the English house. Mr. O'Connor was the sworn 
proprietor of The Press, a revolutionary newspaper, established 
in Dublin in October 1797, and the publication of which it ap- 
pears extraordinary that the Irish government should have 
allowed to continue until Mr. O'Connor's arrest at Margate with 
Father Coigley. The paper and printing materials of The Press 
were seized, with the sixty-eightli number unpublished, on the 
6th March 1798, by Alderman Alexander, in consequence of this 



Humbert's mistake. 

Reprinted from the first volume of " A Collection of 
Constitutional Songs." Cork, A. Edwards, 1799, 
p. 118. 

Tune — " Moggy Lawder." 

From Castlebar, the French declare, 

It is their sole intention. 
On Connaught forthwith to confer 
Freedom of their invention; 
What freedom this 
You soon may guess 
By Humbert's proclamation;* 
" You dogs," said he, 
" You shall with me 
Go plunder your own nation." 

As Cooke, when on a savage shore 
He friends would make of boobies, 

* " A proclamation has been published by the French general, 
addressed to the Irish people. I read it this day. It differs but 
in few particulars from that issued by General Hoche, when off 
the coast of this kingdom. Groat numbers of them, it appears, 
have been distributed through the province of Connaught, and 
from its appearance, I think, it was printed in Ireland." — Private 
letter from Dublin, 2dth August, printed in Courier, of 4th Sept, 1798. 


So beads and trinkets they brought o'er, 
As presents for cropt boobies; 
Of green surtouts, 
Three thousand suits,* 

* " Chests, containing each forty fusils, and others filled with 
new French uniforms and gaudy helmets, being heaped together 
in the castle-yard," (at Killala) "the first" (Irish peasants) "that 
offered their services received complete clothing; and these, by 
credible report, were about a thousand in number. The next 
comers, who were at least as many, had every thing but shoes 
and stockings. To the last arms only were given. And of arms. 
Colonel Charost assured the bishop, not less than five thousand 
stand were, in this place, delivered out to the insurgents. 

" It was a melancholy spectacle, to those in the castle, to wit- 
ness the eagerness with which the unfortunate rustics pressed 
forward to lay hold of these fatal trappings, the sure harbingers 
of their own speedy destruction. 

" The coxcombry of the young clowns in their new dress ; the 
mixture of good humour and contempt in the countenances of 
the French, employed in making puppies of them; the haste of 
the undressed to be as fine as their neighbours, casting away 
their old clothes long before it came to their turn to receive the 
new ; above all, the merry activity of a handsome young fellow, 
a marine officer, whose business it was to consummate the vanity 
of the recruits by decorating them with helmets, beautifully 
edged with spotted brown paper, to look like leopard's skin, a 
task which he performed standing on a powder-barrel, and making 
tiie helmet fit any skull, even the largest, by thumping it down 
with his fists, careless whether it could over be taken off again — 
these were circumstances that would have made you smile, 
though you had just come from seeing your house in flames." — 
E.rtrnrix from Bishop SI<k1<s Nnrrntive. 

02 K[l,r,AJ.A INVASIUX. 

They gave the rabble round them, 

Who on that night 

Played least in sight, 
Nor have the Gauls since found them. 

This novel "freedom" next "commands" 

" That all men under forty 
Shall in a mass, with pikes in hands, 
Go fight the Orange-party ;" 

But when they hear 

Cornwallis near, 
These mighty boasters scamper; 

And as they run 

From town to town 
Their front and rear we hamper. 

Behold at length, near Mohill's plain, 

We to an action brought them; 
Their barefoot allies they complain, 

Are more savage than they thought 'era; 

French vipers fought 

'Till they were taught 
An Orange file was stronger, 

Than any yet 

They ever met; 
So they would bite no longer. 

And when the French a parley beat 
Our cannons cease to thunder, 

The Connaught spalpeens now retreat, 
'Twas useless to knock under; 


For well they knew, 

The perjured crew, 
No claim they had to favours; 

With fright half dead 

Each savage fled. 
His brogues his only saviours. 

When th' open foe were prisoners made, 

'Twas then began the slaughter; 
Brave Roden's horse about them laid, 
'Mongst rebels from the altar. 

Now Croppies speak,* 

What think you o' Lake, 
An't he a horrid ' Delzo'Pf 

Of earth the scum, 

Before him run, 
They can't digest his pills 0!| 

Our Armagh brothers did sustain 
An action hot and bloody; 

* Hihernice — spake. 

t Delzo — was a nickname given by the rebels to the orange- 
men or loyalists; and is of frecjuent occurrcnee in the songs of 
this period. — 

" And may cacli loyal Delzu long join in the s-train, sir, 
God save the king, to the devil with Tom I'aine, sir.' &c. 
The word Delzo has been explained to the Editor as a eontraction 
of the devil's or dc'il's own. 

J " Lake's pills for a breaking out," was a eoininon term i'or 
imisket balls, in 1798. 


Their bayonets broke they still maintain 
The fight with fists most ready; 

The traitor Blake* 

Submits to Lake, 
With ninety-three poor peasants; 

Teeling and Roach 

(Our isle's reproach) 
Are now convicted felons. 

You wealthy Crops, a warning take, 

From Humbert's " Gallic freedom,'' 
Did he succeed, alike he'd speak 
To you and " Thomas Needham." 
" How can I know 
A friend from foe?" 
Would be the Frenchman's answer; 
The piper you'd pay 
As sure as day. 
Let who would be the dancer.t 

* A Gal way gentleman, of the Roman Catholic persuasion, 
taken in French uniform among the rebels, at Ballinamuck, and 
hanged. A postscript to General Lake's letter, dated 8th Sep- 
tember, and published in the London Gazette, extraordinary, of 
14th September 1798, states, "Ninety-six rebels taken. Three of 
them called general officers, by the names of Roach, Blake, and 

t This seems suggested by the following lines in Dibdin's 
song of " The Invasion " — 

" Then they'll fasten a rope from the land's end tu France, 
On which, when their wonderful project's grown riper, 
They'll all to the tune of the earuiagnol dance, 
Determiu'd to make JacU Koshilf pay the piix^r." 




From a manuscript copy. An inferior version appears 
in "A Collection of Constitutional Songs," Vol. ii. 
p. 61, published by A.Edwards, Cork, 1800. Tune — 
" The Protestant Boys," as the popular melody of 
" Lilliburlero " was generally called in the year 1 798. 

The Croppies "great news," in high spirits are crying, 
" Come cheer up, my boys, the day is our own! 
The French flag is flying, the French fleet is lying, 

In Killala bay, so all friends must go down. 
Great warriors all, obey the glad call. 

To welcome brave Humbert who's just come to land; 
With pike, scythe, and hedge-stake, now let us the 
field take. 
And prove to the world we can yet make a stand. 

Then every crop quickly pulled off the tail, 

That a fortnight before he with caution put on; 
Quite sure that their stratagems now could not fail, 

The day was their own, they would hold two to one; 
As their union, union, republican union. 

Now would take place on the Shannon's green banks, 
And the liberty tree should there firm planted be, 

And from turf a gold cup made to give France their 


Strong union like our's, between freedom and power, 

Must sure be cemented and never decay; 
All heretic king's-men will long curse the hour 

That Humbert first landed at Killala bay. 
His clothing and arras, brought with them such charms, 

As made hundreds in haste to his standard to hie; 
But when dressed snug and warm, they thought it no 

From their new civic friends with their booty to fly. 

At first the French fancied their allies did but joke, 
And issued their orders, that they'd take the field; 
But stout General Teeling to Humbert thus spoke: 
" Do you think, you Spalpeen,* that to you I will yield? 
No, I'll have the command, as this is our land. 

No soup-meagre Frenchman shall e'er command me; 
And now if you grumble, you back all may tumble. 
Take a stick in your hands, boys, and walk home by 

But while he was speaking Lake's army appears. 

And Teeling stops short at the sound of a gun; 
" Boys, trust to your legs; bid good bye to monseers." 

So away to the mountains and bogs they all run. 
Then the gallant Armagh such feats did display, 

As filled their allies full of dread and alarms, 
That the rebels all fled, and the Frenchmen in dread 

Thought it best for their safety to lay down their 

* Spai/jiin — n mean follow. 

, killala invasion. 97 

Let each loyal subject that's fond of his king, 

Now fall in the ranks, with his musket in hand, 
In praise of our yeomen each roof should now ring, 

For they're the protection of this troubled land; 
All rebels, suppress 'em, our king may God bless him, 

And may he live long till all foes he destroys; 
May our good constitution meet no revolution, 

But still be supported by protestaut boys! 



Printed in the first volume of " A Collection of Con- 
stitutional Songs," A. Edwards, Cork, 1799, p. 38. 

Tune—" Paddy Whiick." 

Good people of P^rin attend to the nation, 

That long ago threaten'd to drive the world free. 
And quickly consult for your self-preservation, 

On reading her impudent Irish decree: 
" France offers the Irish that gentle protection 

SheolFeredtlie Swiss, wholikefools chose their graves. 
And as proof of indulgence, she 11 feel no objection 

To raise the poor dogs to the rank of Fiench slaves. 

" But freedom like hers being really a blessing. 
And not by a state to be gained every day, 



'Tis fair that a people, this treasure possessing, 
A price to their masters proportioned should pay; 

To conquer for nothing, and rule without profit, 
While charged with expenses her troops to maintain, 

Is what she dislikes, and she begs to be off it, 
France never gives freedom to natives in vain. 

" She therefore refuses to aid insurrection. 

As serving the cause of the rebels alone. 
But first she will conquer, and then give protection. 

And settle conditions — when Erin's her own. 
For, unless to her plans of dominion appendant. 

How can they, unconquered, affect to be free? 
And how can they ever be called independent, 

Unless, to whatever she wills, they agree? 

" By Bridports and Curtis s special permission. 

As soon as her ships shall appear on the coast, 
She begs from the Irish unquestioned admission, 

And no molestation in landing her host : 
The country she 11 clear, as a proof of affection, 

Of horses and cattle, and all she can reach, 
And trusts that the peasants will find no objection, 

Just gently to drag her great guns from the beach. 

" To tradesmen she'll shew her particular favour, 
And take manufactures that hang on their hands ; 

For plunder alone is the plan that can save her. 
And surely they'll strive to outdo her demands. 

The wealthy Avill find in a moment corrected 
Each source of complaint and abuse in finance, 


For the cash of the land having wisely collected, 
Shell lodge that incumbrance securely in France. 

" The clergy of every persuasion admitting, 

To that toleration she shews to her own, [fitting, 

They may do their good works in the place most be- 
But the ravens of heaven shall feed them alone ; 

She'll help the high church to a much safer station, 
And leave not the catholics quite without hope, 

For should they be teased till they fly from the nation, 
They'll happily wander about with the Pope. 

" Then for starving mechanics what holiday making! 

No work for their labour, no cash for their gains. 
No collectoi's of taxes, no proctors tythes taking, 

But active French soldiers to spare them the pains ; 
Whilst all shall by force volunteer contribution, 

And those who have nothing must raise it by stealth. 
With blessings like these and the French constitution, 

Sure slav'ry is freedom, and beggai*y wealth!" 

Sons of Erin, confound with indignant emotion 

The traitors who thus would reduce you to slaves, 
For proudly secure 's the green isle of the ocean, 

AV^hile Duncan, and Jervis, and Howe, rule the waves: 
United with Britain, may Erin for ever, 

In commex'ce, in arts, and in science advance ; 
United with Britain, may Erin for ever 

Live mighty and free, independent of France. 





Printed in the second Volume of " A Collection 
of Constitutional Songs," Cork, A. Edwards, 1800, 
p. 6, and there stated to be written "by J. B., Esq., 
of Lodge No. 471." 

My dear Orange brothers, have you heard of the news, 
How the treacherous Frenchmen our gulls to amuse, 
The troops that last April they promised to send. 
At length at Killala they ventured to land. 
Good Croppies, but don t be too bold now. 
Lest you should be all stow'd in the hold now, 
Then to Bot'ny youd trudge, I am told now. 
And a sweet orange lily for me. 

But now that they're landed they find their mistake, 
For in place of the Croppies they meet the brave Lake ; 
He soon will convince them that our orange and blue 
Can ne'er be subdued by their plundering crew. 
Good Croppies, then don't, &c. 

That false traitor Emmet,* more ungrateful than hell, 

* Mr. Thomas Addis Emmet, who died an exile in America. 
His younger brother, Robert, was executed in Dublin, 20th 
September, 1803. 


With Mc Nevin* and Arthur, f though fast in their cell; 
What they formerly swore they have dar'd to deny, 
And the Secret Committee have chargd with a lie! 
Good Croppies, then don't, &c. 

But as, by tliis falsehood, it is clear they intend 
To induce us poor peasants the French to befriend ; 
We shall soon, I hope, see them high dangling in air, 
Twould be murdring the loyal such miscreants to spai'e. 
Good Croppies, then don't, &c. 

On the trees at the camp Crop Lawless | intended, 
To hang up all those who their country defended ; 
As the scene is reversed, a good joke it will be, 
In the place of dear Camden§ to put up those three. 
Good Croppies then don't, &c. 

Judgment being entered on that bloody Bond,| 
Execution should follow, the people contend; 

* Dr. Mc Nevin, sent over, as an agent to France, by tin; 
society of United Irishmen, in June 1797, to press tliat rcpultlic 
to hasten another expedition. 

f Mr. Arthur O'Connor. See p. 89. 

J Mr. William Lawless, a surgeon residing in French-street, 
Dublin, by whom Lord Edward Fi/igcrald was brought to the 
house of Cormick, in Thomas-street, for concealment in the early 
part of April 1798, and where his lordship remained concealed 
for nearly a month. 

§ The Marquis Camden. 

II Mr. Oliver Bond, at whose house the Leiuster deh^gates, of 
the United Irishmen, were arrested, and si'vcral papers laken, 


Why stay it, say they, when engagements they've 

The Dn-ect'ry deny ev'ry word they had spoken. 
Good Croppies, then don't, &c. 

Then gird on your sabres, my brave Orangemen all. 
For the Croppies are down ,and the Frenchmen shall fall ; 
Let each lodge sally forth, from one to nine hundred. 
Those freebooters ere long with the dead shall be 
Good Croppies, then don't, &c. 

on the 12tli March, 1798, which proved the existence of a con- 
spiracy, upon information given by Mr. Thomas Reynokls, sub- 
sequently held up to public contempt as " Reynolds the informer." 
The Memoirs of Mr. Reynolds have been published by his son (2 
vols. 8vo. 1838) with a view to vindicate his father's motives and 
memory. Mr. Bond died suddenly, 6th September, 1798, in 
Newgate, Dublin, where ho was confined on the charge of high 




To cooperate with what was considered to be the suc- 
cessful invasion of Humbert* and his small force at 
Killala, the French Directory used every exertion to 
dispatch the more formidable armament destined for 
Ireland, and which sailed before the news of Humbert's 
surrender was known. 

This expedition consisted of one line-of-battle ship 
(la Hoche), eight frigates (namely, la Loire, la Coquille, 
la Bellone, I'lmmortalite, I'Ambuscade, la Resolue, 
la Romaine, and la S^millante), with a schooner (la 
Biche), and a transport brig, all of which, except the two 
last-named frigates and the two smaller vessels, were 
captured. In this fleet about three thousand soldiers 
were embarked, and the complements of the ships 
amounted to two thousand five hundred men more ; 
which is mentioned as orders appear to have been 
given, if a landing was effected, to destroy the ships 
in case of necessity, and unite their crews with the 
troops. Considerable supplies of ainnumition, spare 
arms, and clotliing, were, as in the cases of the 
Bantry bay and Killala armaments, embarked. 

* The signature given above is engraved t'roiu an autograph 
in the collection of John Blachford, Es(j. 

104 sin JOHN warren's action. 

The military command of this force was entrusted 
to General Hardy, and the naval to Commodore Bom- 
part, of the Hoche ; on board which ship was the no- 
torious Irish traitor Theobald Wolfe Tone, under his 
republican name of Citizen Smith, and in the character 
of Chef-de-Brigade. 

Bompart's squadron sailed from Brest on the 17th 
September 1798, and after encountering contrary 
winds and some severe gales, arrived on the 10th of 
October off the coast of the county of Donegal, On 
the following day, at noon, the enemy was discovered 
bearing to the northward, by the Amelia (38 guns), 
which signalized the intelligence to the Canada (74), 
Captain Sir John Borlase Warren, who had in com- 
pany at the time, two line-of-battle ships, and five 
frigates, including the Amelia, of which two were 
razees.* Two of these frigates, with a small vessel 
(the Sylph), had hovered around and watched the 
French squadron since its departure from Brest, until 
they fell in with and joined that of Sir John Warren. 

The signal for a general chase was immediately 
made from the Canada, and to form as each ship came 
up with the enemy ; but from the gi'cat distance of 
the French ships to windward, and a hollow sea, with 
rough and boisterous weather, the chase was continued 
all day during the 11th; the entire night, and until 
half-past five in the morning of the 12th of October; 
when the F'rench Commodoi'c (Bompart) perceiving 

* "Tone's Memoirs" says, "Six ships of the line, one razee 
of sixty .nuns, and two friyatcs."' 


an engagement to be unavoidable, bore down and 
formed his line in close order upon the starboard tack. 

From the length of the chase, and the English ships 
being so much separated, it was impossible to close 
before seven ; and then the Robust led ; the Magnanime 
followed, and passing to leeward of five French frigates 
tliey proceeded to engage the Hoclie. 

The action, which took place off Tory Island, and 
was distinctly seen and heard from the main land, 
commenced, according to the gazetted account, at 
twenty minutes past seven, and at eleven the Hoche, 
after a gallant defence, struck (see note, p. 115), and 
the French frigates made sail. The English ships of 
tlie line engaged were the Canada, Robust, and Fou- 
droyant, with the Magnanime, Amelia, Ethalion, Me- 
lampus, and Anson frigates, which latter came up at 
the close of the action, having lost her mizen-mast in 
the chase of the preceding day. 

Little more, and indeed in some particulars not so 
much as is here stated, appears in the London Gazette 
or official record of this action. Mr. James, in his 
Naval History, justly remarks that it is " very bar- 
ren of details"; and to James's valuable work the 
reader is referred for the best account which has been 
published. Vol. ii, p. 224 to 248. 

The flying frigates were followed by Sir John 
Warren's squadron, with the exception of the Robust, 
which remained by tlie Iloche ; and at four o'clock 
in the afternoon tliree of them had, after an honorable 
and obstinate resistance, hauled down their colours. 

100 SIU JOHN warren's ACTION. 

These were the Coquille, Ambuscade,* and Bellone ; 
between the latter frigate and the Ethalion a close and 
severe contest was maintained for nearly two hoiirs. 
And when the Bellone struck most of her sails had 
come down, and she had five feet of water in her hold, 
with twenty men killed and forty-five wounded. Of 
the remaining five frigates three were pursued by the 
English squadron round Telling-head, the other two 
with the schooner and brig having hauled the wind. 

The three frigates on rounding Telling-head ran up 
Donegal bay during the night. One of them (la Ro- 
maine) which appeared nearly opposite the town of Don- 
egal, grounded, when she prepared to put some men 
on shore. On perceiving this, Captain Moutgomeiy, of 
the Mount Charles yeomanry, bravely and j udiciously 
drew up his small corps, under cover of a wall, to 
oppose any attempt of the enemy to land. But the 
frigate floating with the rise of the tide, and an Irish- 
man who had gone on board acquainting the captain 
with the surrender of Humbert, the intention was 
abandoned, and she stood out to join her companions. 

Sir John Warren observing in the morning the two 
frigates which had hauled the wind the preceding day, 
gave chase to them in the Canada, accompanied by 
the Foudroyant; and dispatched the Melam])us, Captain 
(afterwards Admiral Sir Graham) Moore, in search of 
those which had run into Donegal bay. 

* The Coquille had eighteen killed and thirty-one wounded. 
The Ambuscade fifteen killed and twenty-six wounded. 

SIR JOHN warren's ACTION. 107 

At midnight, on the 13th, the Melarapus fell in 
with the Resolue and Immortalite, and directly opened 
so effective a fire upon the former as completely to 
unrig her in twenty-five minutes ; which forced her 
to bring to and surrender, with the loss of ten men 
killed and several wounded, while the Melampus had 
but one man wounded. What was singular and can 
only be accounted for by a supposition on the part of 
the captain of the Immortalite that a superior English 
force was at hand, is, that his frigate, although in 
company with the Resolue, did not in any way inter- 
fere in the action between her and the Melampus, 
beyond making several signals. The Immortalite was 
subsequently (on the 20th October) captured by the 
Fisgard, Captain (now Admiral Sir T. Byam) Martin, 
after a severe action, with the loss of ten officers and 
forty-four men killed and sixty-one wounded,* and after 
having thrown overboard, while chased, fifteen hundred 
stand of arms. 

On the 18th of October, the Anson, Captain (after- 
wards Admiral Sir Philip) Durham, after an action 
of an hour and a quarter, took the Loire, which, 
before she surrendered, had forty-eight men killed 
and seventy-five wounded. j The Loire was one of 
the two frigates pursued by Sir John Warren 
on the morning of the 13th, and from whom 
she escaped. On the 15th, she was chased by the 
Mermaid and Kangaroo, and during the morning of 

* The Fisgard had ten killed and twenty-five wounded, 
t The Anson had two killed and thirtivii wciuulcd. 


the 16th a slight engagement took place between her 
and the latter vessel, wlien the Kangaroo's foretopmast 
being shot away Captain Brace was obliged to give up 
the contest. At daylight on the 17th the Mermaid, 
Captain Newman, came up with the Loire, after a 
tedious chase of forty-eight hours, and a desperate 
fight ensued. A great part of the time the ships 
were within pistol shot of each other, and the French 
soldiers on board the Loire kept up a tremendous and 
incessant fire of musketry, although literally mowed 
down by the round and grape shot from the guns of 
the Mermaid. Both ships being dismasted and nearly 
wrecks the action was mutually discontinued. But 
the Loire escaped only from the Canada, the Kangaroo, 
and the Mermaid, to be taken, as has been stated, on 
the 18th by the Anson ; and when her crippled state, 
and the great exhaustion of her crew is considei*ed, 
her defence must stand amongst the most extraordinary 
instances of courage and perseverance upon record. 
The Loire is described as " one of the largest and 
finest frigates belonging to the French republic, pre- 
sented by the city of Nantes, quite new, and never at 
sea before." She was pierced for fifty-four guns, and 
actually mounted forty-six eighteen-pounders. On 
board of her were a number of artillery-men, with the 
etat-major for three regiments, three thousand complete 
suits of clothing, and upwards of a thousand muskets, 
wnth other arms and ammunition. 

It was not until the 31st of October that the Robust 
brought her prize, the Iloche, into Lough Swilly ; 


for so tftinpestuous had been the weather that both 
ships, with the Doris, which had joined them, were 
nearly lost on Barra-head. The foUov/ing is a copy 
of General Hardy's proclamation, from one taken on 
board the Hoche. 

" Liberty ! P^uuality I Fkaternity I Union ! 
{Device. — A cap of liberty. Two hands united, and 
the rising-sun.) 

" The general commanding the French army in 
Ireland, to the United Irishmen. 

" United Irishmen, — The persecution which you 
expei'ience on the part of a government atrociously 
perfidious, has excited sentiments of indignation and 
horror in the breast of every friend of humanity. 
The lovers of liberty, while they admire your fortitude, 
deplore the situation to which you are reduced. The 
complaints of your suftei'ing country are heard in all 
parts of the world, but your cause has become more 
particularly that of the French people. It is to give 
you new proofs of their affection, it is to second your 
generous efforts, that the Executive Directory of the 
French republic have sent me among you. I do not 
enter your country with hostile views, to spread terror 
and desolation around me. I come not to dictate the 
law. Companion and friend of the gallant Hoche, I 
follow scrupulously the line of conduct which he has 
chalked out. I come to fulfil his engagements ; to 
offer you friendship and assistance ; to bring you arms, 
ammunition, and all the means necessary to break the 
barbarous yoke under which you groan ; I present to 

110 SIR JOHN warren's ACTION. 

you my brave companions ; they know no other road 
but that of honour and victory. Long trained in the 
art of humbling tyrants, under whatever form they 
may present themselves, they will join their courage 
with yours ; they will mix their bayonets with your 
pikes, and Ireland shall be free for ever ! 

" Unhappy victims of the most execrable despotism, 
you who groan in hideous dungeons, where at every 
moment you are plunged by the ferocious cruelty of 
your English tyrants, let hope once more revisit your 
hearts; your chains shall be broken. Unfortunate 
inhabitants, who have seen your houses, your property, 
wrapped in flames, by your pitiless enemies, your 
losses shall be repaired. 

"Rest in peace, gallant and unspotted spirits of 
Fitzgerald,* of Crosbie,"}: of Coigley,! of Ork,§ of 

* Lord Edward, captured on the 19th May, 1798, as before 
mentioned, p. 81, died in Newgate, on the 4th June following, 
of the wounds he received in his struggle with Captain Ryan. 

f Sir Edward Crosbie, Bart., hanged at Carlow, on the 5th 
June, 1798; and his head spiked on the gaol. 

X Or Quigley, arrested with Mr. Arthur O'Connor, 28th 
February 1798, at Margate, on the point of embarking for 
France, to negociate for the invasion of Ireland; tried at Maid- 
stone, and hanged and beheaded on Penneden Heath, 7th Juno 
following, and buried under the gallows. 

§ Hanged at Carrickfergus, 14th October, 1797. Some spirit- 
stirring verses, entitled the " Wake of William Orr," by Dr. 
Drennan, which originally appeared in the Press newspaper, may 
be found reprinted in a Collection of the Ballad Poetry of Ireland, 
published by Duffy, Dublin, 1845. 


Harvey ;* your blood, shed for the sacred cause of 
liberty, shall cement the independence of Ireland ; it 
circulates in the veins of all your countrymen, and the 
United Republicans swear to punish your assassins. 

(Signed) Hardy." 

An improbable anecdote is related in " Tone's 
Memoirs " of the manner in which Tone was recog- 
nised, or, according to the colouring given to the 
transaction, betrayed by Sir George Hill. This anec- 
dote appears to have no better authority, for its 
foundation, than paragraphs in the Courier newspaper 
of the 7th, 9th, and I7th of November, 1798, which 
paragraphs, when the then almost republican politics 
of that print are considered, any dispassionate reader 
would discredit. But (if it were necessary to vindicate 
a loyal subject, and a magistrate, fi-ora the charge of 
doing his public duty without reference to his pi'ivate 
feelings) what sets this story at rest, or at least deprives 
it of its sting, is a private letter from Lord Castlereagh, 
which the Editor has seen, dated ten days before the 
arrival of the Hoche in Lough Swilly. In this his 
lordship (then Secretary of State) says: — "I congra- 
tulate England no less on the captui'e of the Hoche, 

* A higlily respectable Protestant gentleman who headed the 
rebels in the county of Wexford. Upon the royal army obtaining 
possession of Wexford, Juno 1798, he escaped to one of the 
Saltee Islands, off the coast of tiiat county, and was taken there; 
brought to Wexford, tried by court-martial, on the 2Cth June, 
1708, and hanged on the following day. 

112 s[u JOMN waurkn's actiox. 

than I do Ireland on the value of her cargo. The 
arch-traitor Tone is himself a very capital prize." It 
is therefore evident that the Irish government were 
perfectly aware that Tone was on board the Iloche, 
and consequently their prisoner before the arri\'al of 
that ship in port. 

Tone was transmitted to Dublin, where he was 
tried by court-martial, and having nothing to oifer in 
palliation of his treason, except the vindication of it, 
was sentenced to death. He appeared at his ti'ial in 
French uniform, and on hearing the sentence requested 
to be shot, as a soldier holding a commission in the 
French service under the name of Smith, which request 
was of course refused. On the evening previous to 
the day fixed for his execution he was found to have 
wounded himself in the throat so desperately that he 
could not be moved without the probability of dying 
before he reached the scaffold, and after lingering in 
this state for a week, he died in prison, on the 19th of 
November, a martyr in tlie cause of rebellion. 

The private journals of Tone, published by bis son, 
and which have been before mentioned and quoted 
from, pi'ove that he was, like most rebels, an ambitious 
and a disappointed man. It is evident that he pos- 
sessed nothing more than ordinary talent, with extra- 
ordinary vanity. And it may not be incurious, as a 
moral lesson, to prove this assertion from his own con- 
fessions. On the 24th of February, 1796, when in 
Paris intriguing for the invasion of Ireland, he writes, 
"I believe that wiser men, if they would speak the 

SIR JOHN warren's ACTION. 113 

truth, would feel elevated in my situation ; hunted 
from my own country as a traitor, living obscurely in 
America as an exile, and received in France by the 
Executive Directory almost as an ambassador. Well, 
murder will out. I am as vain as the devil." Vol. ii, 
p. 30. On the 1 5th of August following, Tone writes, 

"Put on my regimentals for the first time." 

" Walked about Paris to shew myself," and so on. 

Before closing Tone's journals there is one observa- 
tion, almost the only shrewd one to be found therein, 
which deserves notice as prophetically applicable to 
himself. It occurs under date of the 7th March, 1796 
(vol. ii, p. 40), moralizing upon the fate of Admiral 
TrogofF and the fortunes of Dumourier, he writes 
thus : " If men had common sense, not to say common 
honesty, they would not be traitors to their country 
with such examples before their eyes." 

114 STR JOHN warren's ACTION. 






From a manuscript copy. It is printed in the second 

volume of " A Collection of Constitutional Songs." 
A. Edwards, Cork, 1800, p. 28, with the following 
title, " Song xxi. By an Irishman (on board the La 
Hoche), one of our patriotic countrymen, who joined 
our national and inveterate enemy in their late fruitless 
attempt to invade this kingdom.'" 

From France to Lough Swilly I came, 
And that, by my soul, was a blunder ; 
But I thought that my high-sounding name 
"Would in Ireland perform some wonder ; 
I star'd, and my friends all look'd blue, 
When " Sir John " and his fleet did perceive us, 

For I knew, once he got us in view. 
The devil himself could not save us. 

Tol de rol, rol de rol. 

SIB JOHN warren's ACTION. 115 

British thunder now roared in my ears, 

Seemed to shake the world to its foundation ; 
So I down on my knees to my prayers,* 

And begg'd heav'n to preserve the "great" nation ; 
But all I could say 'twas in vain, 
Heav'n deigned not to hear my petition, 

For I'd foUow'd too much of " Tom Paine,"t 
" That curse" to a civilized nation. 
Tol lol, &c. 

The balls rattled round us like hail, 

(" Och" Brest, how I wish'd I'd been in it,) 

Now our courage began for to fail, 

And our colours were struck in a minute ;| 

* A bad rhyme with worse reason. Tone was evidently one 
of those philosophers "who'd rather drink than pray," and al- 
though he terminated his career by suicide, no man, either 
morally or physically speaking, can be more unfairly charged 
with cowardice. 

f An edition of thirty thousand copies of "Paine's Age of 
Reason " was printed at Belfast, for gratuitous circulation by the 
society of United Irishmen. 

J Be the same more or less. In Tonts Memoirs the action 
is asserted to have lasted six hours, and to have been maintained 
by the Ilochc (of 74 guns) "surrounded by four sail of-the-line 
and a frigate." The London Gazette (21st October 1708), upon 
which the Editor is inclined to place at least t^qual reliance, states 
that "the action commenced at twenty minutes j)ast seven, a.m., 
and at eleven the Hoche (of 80 guns), after a gallant defence, 
struck." It also happens that thei'e were only three English 
sail- of-the-line in the action. James, in his Naval History, 


Then tbey mann'd us with tars who could fight, 
There are few such in all the " great nation" ; 

Had the Directory but seen the sight, 
How they'd blush for their "grand expedition." 
Tol de rol, &c. 

But who dare attempt to op[X)se 

Britain's heroes upon their own ocean ? 
As to striving to land on their shore, 

In troth they're "beat out of the notion"; 

And when their envoy comes begging for {)eace, 
Unless in a balloon they can swing him ; 
In England he'll ne'er shew his lace, 
Till they "borrow a vessel to bring him." 
Tol lol, 8fc. 

vol. ii, p. 226, says " that about half-past eight a warm cannonade 
commenced, and about half-past ten the Hoche struck"; thus 
reducing the actual engagement from six to two hours, and which 
statement is probably nearest to the truth, as according to the 
log of the Robust (unquestionably the best authority), that ship 
got alongside of the Hoche at fifty minutes past eight, and at 
forty-nine minutes past ten the Hoche struck. 

These discrepancies afford an example of the ditliculties which 
an honest and careful historian has to contend with ; and the 
close investigation necessary to arrive at a correct conclusion 
upon any point. 




Printed in the second volume of "A Collection of 
Constitutional Songs," A.Edwards, Cork, 1800, p. 32, 
and stated to be written " by a member of lodge 540." 

Tune — " Croppies lie down." 

When the paddies of Erin took a pike in each hand, 
And wisely concerted reform in the land ; 
Ough, and all that's before them they'd drive, to be sure, 
And for conjured up grievances each had a cure. 

But down, down, Croppies, &c. 

What generals and captains, my boys, did appear ! 
And each polished youth thought the case was quite clear ; 
It was, " By my shoul, honies, the English sliall dance 
To the tune of Ca Ira — for we shall join France." 
Down, down, &c. 

But agra, the sad change all the nabobs doth rue, 
For thousands appear dressed in orange and blue ; 
And oh, wirristrue, I'm told that before 
Poor Teague shall be easy well have thousands more. 
Down, down, &c. 


And each manly breast that weax'S orange and blue, 
Contains but one heart, ^— but, faith, that one is true ; 
No wonder poor Croppies the Orange despise, 
For the good and the loyal most dearly we prize. 
Down, down, &e. 

Troth, Paddy a vurneen, youll never succeed. 
For a scourge we shall be to your delicate breed ; 
The hopes of proud France, hone, are laid low, 
And the heads of your party a voyage must go. 
Down, down, &c. 

Richaids-, rrinter, 100, St.ilailin's Lane. 




Coimcfr, 1847-8. 
The Rt. Hon. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A., President. 


T. AMYOT, ESQ. F.R.S,, F.S.A. 





M.R.I. A. 





T. WRIGHT, ESQ., M.A., F.S.A., 


Subscription £1 per Annum. 

A new work is issued on the first day of every alternate 
Month, and will be delivered to the order of each Member, at 
Mr. Richards's Printing Office, 100 St. Martin's Lane, where 
also Subscriptions are received. 

Subscriptions become due in advance on the 1st of May in 
each year, and no books are considered due until the subscrip- 
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The Society is limited to Five Hundred Members. 

Persons wishing to become Members are requested to send 
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New Members may have the Works alreadi/ printed, on pai/nient of the 

Subscription for those i/cars. No coniplrte Sets remain of the 

Publications of the First Year. 

Clje |3crriL> ^ocietg. 

At a General Meeting of the Percy Society, held 
In the Rooms of the Royal Society of Literature, on 
the 1st of May, 1847,— 

The Right Hon. Lord Braybrooke, President, in 
the Chair, — 

The Secretary read the Report of the Council, dated 
the 1st of May, whereupon it was — 

Resolved — That the Report be received and adopted, and the 
thanks of the Society be given to the Council for their 

The Report of the Auditors, dated the 29th April, 
was read by the Secretary, whereupon it was — 

Resolved — That the Report of the Auditors be received and 
adopted, and that the thanks of the Society be given 
them for their services. 

The Meeting then proceeded to the election of Officers 
and Council, when — 

was elected President, 







J. H. DI.\ON, Esq, 



J. S. MOORE, Esq. 





THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq. MA, F.SA., Treasurer and Sec iHanj. 

were elected Council of the Society, and W. Chaffers, 
Jun. Esq., Captain Johns, R.M,, and E. E,. Moran, Esq., 
were elected Auditors for the ensuing year. 

The thanks of the Society were then voted to the 
editors of the Publications of the past year ; to Thomas 
Wright, Esq., for his services as Treasurer and Secretary; 
to the Royal Society of Literature, for the use of their 
Rooms for the Anniversary Meeting ; to the University 
of Cambridge, for the liberal loan of two ^ISS. of the 
Canterbury Tales of Chaucer ; and to the President, for 
the warm interest which he has always taken in the 
proceedings of the Society. 

MAY 1st, 1847. 

The Council of the Percy Society rejoices that it can 
again lay before the Society at large an encouraging state- 
ment of its condition and finances. In no previous year 
has the Society closed its labours with so large a real balance 
in hand. The number of members has been encreasing, 
though slowly, for the number of names added to the list 
during the year exceeds that of those of whom it has been 
deprived by death and other causes. Still, in pointing out 
to attention how much has been done by the economical 
application of the comparatively small funds at its disposal, 
the Council avails itself of the opportunity of urging upon 
the members individually the expediency in every point of 
view of making its objects more generally known, in the hope 
that, by filling up its originally prescribed number of members, 
its usefulness may be proportionally increased. 

The value set upon the Society's publications is apparent, 
not only from the increasing prices given for them, when 
they find their way into the market, but by the number of 
back sets which have been taken by new members during 
the past year, although the first year is already so much 
exhausted that no more than five of its publications can now 
be supplied. 

During the past year the Council has been enabled to carry 
into effect one of its proposed series of works of more standard 
character in the older literature of the country, by the publi- 

cation of the first volume of a new edition of the Canterbury 
Tales of Chaucer. It is confidently expected that the second 
volume will be ready for delivery on the 1st of September; and 
the present condition of the society leads the Council to hope 
that it will be able eventually to make this a complete edition 
of all Chaucer's works, edited, with notes, from the best 
manuscripts now existing. A new and carefully-revised 
text of the Poems of the Earl of Surrey is also preparing 
under the editorial care of Mr. Bolton Corney, and is designed 
to form one of the next year's publications. The Council 
has also taken into consideration a suggestion made at the 
last Anniversary Meeting, on the propriety of giving the 
members an index of the separate pieces contained in the 
various publications of the Society since its commencement, 
for the convenience of general reference ; and an index of 
this description is now in preparation, the compilation of 
which has been kindly undertaken by one of the members. 
The publications for the last year have been — 

I. A Dialogue on Wit and Folly, by John Heywood, now first 
printed from the original MS. by F. W. Fairholt, F.S.A. 

II. A Collection of Proverbs and Popular Sayings relating to the 
Seasons, the Weather, and Agricultural Pursuits. By M. A. Denhani. 

III. Popular Songs, illustrative of the French Invasions of 
Ireland. Part II. Edited, with Introductions and Notes, by T. 
Crofton Croker, Es([. 

IV. The Canterbury Tales of Geoffrey Chaucer. A new Text, 
with Illustrative Notes. Edited by Thomas Wright, Esq , M.A., 
F.S.A., etc. Vol. I. 

V. The most pleasant Song of Lady Bessy ; and how she married 
King Henry the Seventh of the House of Lancaster. Edited by 
Jas. O. Halliwell, Esq. 

The concluding portion of Mr. Croker's Popular Songs 
illustrative of the Prench Invasions of Ireland, is also ready, 

l)Ut it will be held back a few days in order that the Titles 
to the volumes and the Report of the Annual Meeting may 
be delivered along with it. 

During the past year, also, the following additions have 
been made to the list of suggested publications. 

1. Specimens of Popular Ennlish Poetry of the Fifteenth Cen- 
tury, from a MS. in private hands, never before used by Literary 

2. A Collection of Military Ballads, as a Companion to the Col- 
lection of Naval Ballads already published l)y the Society. 

3. Festive Songs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, to 
be edited by W. Sandys, Esq. F.S.A. 

4. The Interlude of the Four Elements, to he edited by J. O. 
Halliwell, Esq., F.S.A. 

5. An inedited Play of Massinger, entitled " Believe as you list," 
to he edited liy T. Crofton Croker, Esq. F.S.A., from the original 
manuscript in his own possession. 

6. A curious satirical tract of the seventeenth century, entitled 
" The Man in the Moon," to be edited by J. O. Halliwell, Esq. 

7. A Selection from the Roxburghe Ballads now in the British 

8. A new edition of Barclay's Eclogues. 

Among other works suggested for future publication, the 
following may be specified: 

1. The Poems of Hoccleve. To be Edited by W. H. Black, Esq. 

2. A Collection of Ballads relating to the Persecutions of the 
Roman Catholics in the North of England, during the Reign of 

3. A Collection of Satirical Songs and Ballads on Costume, com- 
mencing with the Reign of Henry III, with Illustrative Notes, and 
Introduction. By F. W. Fairhoit, Esq., F.S.A. 

4. An Edition of Heywood's "Dialogue contayning in effect the 
number of al the Proverbes in the English Tongue compact in a 
matter concerning two marriages." 

5. A Ct)llecliou of Ballads, in old French and English, relating 
to Cocaygne. To be Edited by T. Wright, Esq. 

6. A Collection of Jacobite Ballads and Fragments, many of 
them hitherto unpublished. To be edited by William Jerdan, Esq. 

7. A Collection of Charms, illustrative of English superstitions 
in fonner days. From early manuscripts. 

8. " Rede me and be nott wrothe.'' A Satire on Cardinal Wol- 
sey, by William Roy. 

9. The History of the Office of Poet Laureate in England, with 
Notices of the existence of similar offices in Italy and Germany. 
By James J. Scott, Esq. 

10. Historical Ballads, in the Scottish Dialect, relating to events 
in the years 1570, 1571, and 1572; from the copies preserved in 
the Library of the Society of Antiquaries, London. To be edited 
by David Laing, Esq., F.S.A.Sc. 

1 1 . A Selection from the Poems of Taylor the Water-Poet. 

10. A Continuation of the Collection of Ballads, by J. Payne 
Collier, Esq., F.S.A. 

The Council may be allowed to repeat the invitation made 
in its former Reports, to Members of the Society and others, 
to suggest new works for consideration. The Society is 
obliged to all gentlemen who may contribute rare tracts or 
ballads from private collections ; as well as to the different 
Editors, by whose zeal and gratuitous labours they may be 
ushered into the world. In the present year it has especially 
to acknowledge its obligations to the liberality of the 
University of Cambridge, for the loan of two valuable 
manuscripts of " Chaucer's Canterbury Tales." 

J. S. MOORE, Chairman. 
THOMAS WRIGHT, Secretary. 





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*^* The names marked * are those of gentlemen who have compoumleil. 

Advocates' Library, Edinliurgh 

Ainsworth. W. Harrison, Esq., Kensal Manor House 

Ainsworth, Ralph, Esq., Manchester 

Allen, G. E., Esq., Bathampton 

Alston, Rev. E. C, M.A., Cransford Hall, Suffolk 

Amyot, Thos., Esq.,F.R.S.,F.S.A., 13, James-st., Westminster 

Ashpitel, Arthur, Esq., F.S.A., 5, Crown-court, Old Broad-st. 

Athenaaum Club 

Athena3um Library, Manchester 

Atkinson, F. R., Esq., Manchester 

Aubyn, Rev. R. St., Lime Grove, Putney 

Bagot, the Hon. Alfred 

Ballantine, James, Esq., Edinburgh 

Barrow, Rev. F., Cranbrook 

Bartlett, J., Esq., Blandford 

Bartlett, J. Russell, Esq., New York 

Barton, Thomas B., Esq. 

Bateman, Thomas, Esq., Bakewell, Derbyshire 

Beckwith, J. M., Esq., Royal Mint 

Bell, Robert, Esq., Hammer.smith 

Benecke, R. Esq., Denmark Hill 

Benson, Rev. S., 16, New Park-street, St. Saviour's 

Bentley, Richard, Esq., New Burlington-street 

Betham, Sir William, F.S.A., M.R.LA., Ulster King at 

Arms, Dublin 
Bevan, Beckford, Esq. 
Bibliotheque du Roi, Paris 
Blachford, J., Esq., Fulham 
Black, W. H., Esq., Sub-keeper of Her Majesty's Records, 

Rolls House 
Blackie, Walter G., Esq., M.D., Glasgow 
Blood, Bindon, Esq. 

Bohn, Henry G., Esq., York-street, Covent Garden 
Boker, H. G., Esq. 
Booth, B. W., Esq., Manchester 
Bowlcy, R. K., Esq., Charing Cross 
*Botfield, Beriah, Esq., M.P., F.S.A., &c. 


Braybrooke, the Rt. Hon. Lord, F.S.A., etc., Audley End, 

Essex, President 
Bruce, the Rt. Hon. Sir James Lewis Knight, Vice- 

Chancellor, F.R.S., F.S.A. 
Bruce, John, Esq., F.S.A., Hyde, near Stroud, Gloucestershire 
Bunney, W., Esq., Hull 
Burn, James, Esq., W.S., Edinburgh 
Brooke, J. B., Esq., Ashton-under-Lyne 
Buckley, W. E., Esq., Brasenose College, Oxford 

Calvert, Robert, Esq., Manchester 

Cambridge University Library 

Cartwright, Samuel, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A., Nizells House, 

Cartwi-ight, W. C, Esq. 
Chaffers, W. Esq., 42, Watling-street 
Chapman, T., Esq., 14, Montagu-street, Bryanston-square 
Chapman, W., Esq., Richmond 
*Chappell, William, Esq., F.S.A , Regent-street 
Chichester, J. H. R., Esq., 49, Wimpole-street 
Christy, Alexander, Esq., .35, Gracechurch-street 
Churchill, J. F., Esq., Paris 
Clack, n. T., Esq., Argyle-place 
Clarke, Charles, Esq., 2, Middle Temple-lane 
Clements, Rev. J., Lower Clapton 
Cobbin, J. J., Esq., Stock Exchange 

Collier, J.Payne, Esq., Treas.S.A., Victoria-road, Kensington 
Constable, Thomas, Esq., Edinburgh 
Conway, F. D., Esq 
Cooper, Charles Purton, Esq., Q.C., F.R.S., F.S.A., &c., 

New Boswell-court, Lincoln's-inn 
Cooper, W. Durrant, Esq., F.S.A., 81, Guildford-street 
Copenhagen Royal Library 
Corney, Bolton, Esq,, Barnes-terrace, Surrey 
Corser, Rev. Thomas, Manchester 
Coventry, A., Esq., Edinburgh 

Croker, T. Crofton, Esq., F.S.A., M.R.LA., Admiralty 
Croomes, John, Esq., St. John's-villa, North End 
Crossley, James, Esq., Manchester 
Crosby Hall Library 

Crosier, W., Esq., 2, Three Crown Court, Southwark 
Crowninschield, Edward, Esq. 
Cunningham, George, Esq., Glasgow 
Cunningham, Peter, Esq., Audit Office, Somerset House 
Currer, Miss Richardson, Eshton Hall, Gargrave, Yorkshire 
Curzon, Hon. E. Cecil, Scarsdale House, Kensuigton 


Dalzell, Sir John Graham, Edinburgh 

Daniel, George, Esq., Canonbury-terrace 

Davis, Thomas, Esq., Brook-street 

Deans, Charles, Esq., Boston, U.S. 

Denham, M. A., Pierse Bridge, near Darlington, Yorkshire 

Dent, John, Esq., Worcester 

Dilke, C. W., Esq., LL.B., Lower Grosvenor-place 

Dixon, J. H., Esq., Tollington Park, Hornsey 

Dobie, James, Esq., Glasgow 

Dodd, George, Esq., M.P., F.S.A., 9, Grosvenor-place 

Dolman, Charles, Esq., 61, New Bond-street 

Dowse, Thomas, Esq., Boston, U.S. 

Duncan, Richard, Esq., Glasgow 

Dunn, J., Esq., Paisley 

Duyckinck, Evert, A., Esq., New York 

Duyckinck, George' L., Esq., New York 

Dyce, Rev. Alexander, 9, Gray's-iun-square 

Dyke, Rev. Henry, Collesford, near Brackley 

Elliot, J. Bardoe, Esq. 

Erechtheum Club, St. James's-square 

Exchange Library, Manchester 

Exton, Rev. R. B., Cretingham, Suffolk 

Eyton, J. Walker King, Esq., Elgin Villa, Leamington 

Eabre, Monsieur Jean Fr., Juge dc Paix, 17, Montee des 

Accoules, Marseilles 
Fairholtj'Frederick William, Esq., F.S.A.,Grosvenor Cottage, 

Park Village East 
Farnham, the Rt. Hon. Lord 
Fenton, S. G., Esq., Belfast 
Fish, A. G., Esq., New York 
Fitch, W. Stevenson, Esq., Ipswich 
Fitch, Robert, Esq., F.G.S., Norwich 
Fletcher, S. Esq., Manchester 
Ford, Henry, Esq., 6, Brunswick-square 
Forde, John, Esq., 29, Surrey-street, Strand 
Forster, W. E. Esq., Bradford, Yorkshire 
Forster, John, Esq., 58, Lincoln's-Inn-Fields 
Fox, Henry, Esq., Gloucester 
Frewin, T. Esq., Brickwall House, Northiam, Lamberhurst 

Gelty, E<lmund, Esq., Belfast 
Gill)ert, John Graham, Escj., Gl.asgow 
Gilbcrtson, E. Esq., 20, Craiibourue-strect 
Goettingcn Royal Library 


Goldsmid, Sir Isaac L. Bart.,F.R.S., F.S.A., St. John's Lodge, 

Inner Circle, Regent's Park 
Gooding, Jonathan, Esq., Southwold 
Gordon, Professor Lewis, Glasgow 
Gordon, Robert, Esq., Edinburgh 
Goweu, J. R., Esq., 136, Piccadilly 
Gracie, J. B., Esq., F.S.A.E., Edinburgh 
Gray, Captain Charles., R.M., Edinburgh 
Green, John, Esq., 59, Strand 
Greenwell, W. Esq., Green well Ford, Durham 
Greenwich Society 
Griffin, Charles, Esq., Glasgow 
Gutch, J. Matthew, Esq., F.S.A,, Worcester 

Haggard, W. D., Esq., F.S.A., F.R.A.S., Bullion Office 
HaUstone, Edw. Esq. F.S.A., Horton Hall, Bradford, Yorkshire 
HaU, C. Esq., Anstey, Blandford, Dorset 
Halliwell, J. Orchard, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A. , Avenue Lodge, 

Brixton Hill 
Halpin, Rev. W. J., Dublin 
Hannah, Rev. John, Coombe, Woodstock 
Hare, the Rev. Archdeacon 
Hargreaves, James, Esq., Manchester 

Harness, Rev. W.,M,A., 3, Hyde Park-terr., Kensington Gore 
Harrison, W., Esq., Douglas, Isle of Man 
Harrison, W. Esq , Manchester 
Hartley, George, Esq., Settle, Yorkshire 
Harvey, James, Esq., 72, Old Broad-street 
HeffiU, Henry, Esq., Diss, Norfolk 
Heseltine, Samuel, Esq., Stock Exchange 
Hewitt, Thomas, Esq. 

Heywood, James, Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A, Acrcsfield, Manchester 
Hill, Henry, Esq., AtheuEcum Club 
Hillard, G. S. Esq. 

Hitchcock, Robert, Esq., Four Courts, Dublin 
Holding, James, Esq. 

HoUond, Robert, Esq., M.P., 63, Portland-place 
Holme, Edward, Esq., M.D., Manchester 
Hope, Alexander J. B., Esq., Connaught-place 
Home, C, Esq., Clapham Common 
Hosmer, Z., Esq., Boston, U.S. 
Host, Esq., Copenhagen 

Hunter, Rev. Joseph, F.S A,, Torrington-squaro 
Hume, Rev. A., LL.D., Collegiate Institution, Liverpool 
Hull Subscription Library 
Hunt, Edward, Esq. 
Hunt, Harry, Esi|,, Binningham 


Ingraham, E. D., Esq., Philadelphia, U.S. 

Imperial Library, Vienna 

Irving, David, Esq., LL.D., Edinburgh 

Islmgton Literary Institution 

Jackson, Rev. S., M.A.. Ipswich 

Jackson, Henry, Esq., Sheffield 

Jerdan, William, Esq., M.R.S.L., 2, Kilburn Priory 

Jermyn, James, Esq., Reydon, Suft'olk 

Johns, Capt. Rd., R.M., 13, Bo water-crescent, Woolwich 

Jones, Joseph, Esq., Holden, Manchester 

Keats, Edwin, Esq. 

Keller, Dr. Adalbert, Librarian of the University of Tiibingen 

Kerr, John, Esq., Glasgow 

Kerr, Robert Malcolm, Esq. 

Kidston, Robert A., Esq., Glasgow 

Kaye, William, Esq., Newcastle 

Kinloch, R. G., Esq., Edinburgh 

King's College Library, London 

Laing, David, Esq., F.S.A.E., Edinburgh 

Laird, Robert, Esq., Paisley 

*Lappenberg, Dr. J. M., Hamburg 

Laurie, John, Esq., 1, Hyde Park Gardens 

Law, W. Esq., 37, Monkwell-street 

Leader, John Temple, Esq., M.P., Putney Hill 

Lever, Charles, Esq., 10, King's-road, Bedford-row 

Lillingston, A. Esq. 

Liuforth, Thomas, Esq. 

Livermore, George, Esq., New York 

Logan, W. H., Esq., Edmburgh 

London (City of) Literary and Scientific Institution 

London Library, St. James's-scjuare 

London Institution, Finsbury Circus 

Ludlow, Ebenezer, Esq., M.A., etc. 

Lupton, Harry, Esq., Thame, Oxfordshire 

M'Gregor, Alexander, Esq., Glasgow 
Mackenzie, John Whitefoord, Esq. Edinburgh 
Mackenzie, A. C, Esq., St. John's College, Oxford 
Mac Ivcr, Charles, Esq., 14, Water-street, Liverpool 
.Macknight, James, Esq., Edinburgh 
Maconociiic, .lames Allan, Esq., Edinburgh 
Macturk, William M., Estj., Bradford, Yorkshire 
.Maidment, James, Escj., Edii)I)urgh 
.Maiuwaring, C. Esq., Colcliy Hall, liincolnshirc 
Major, C. J., Esq., 3, Barnsbury Park, Islington 


Manchee, Thomas J., Esq., Bristol 

Manchester Athenaeum Library 

Manchester Exchange Library 

Markland, J. H., Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A., Bath 

Matthew, J. M., Es(|., F.S.A., 4, Gray's-Inn-sqiiarc 

Maude, Hartwell J., Esq., 14, George-street, Westminster 

MewbiuTi, Francis, Esq., 9, Great Winchester-street 

Meyer, A. G. F., Hanover 

Michelot, M. Paull 

Miland, John, Esq., 35, Chapel-street, Belgrave-square 

Moore, J. S., Esq., 1, Loudon-place, Brixton 

Moran, E. Raleigh, Esq., Globe Office, Strand 

Morris, W. G., Esq., Oxford and Cambridge Club 

Morton, Rev. James, Holbeach 

Muggeridge, Nathaniel, Esq., Queen-street, Cheapside 

Murch, the Rev. Jerome, Bath 

NichoU, G. W., Esq., Plowden-buiklings, Temple 
Nimmo, Thomas, Esq. 

Ormerod, Geo. Esq., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., Sedbury Park 
Ouvry, Frederick, Esq., 49, Oxford-terrace 

Pagan, S. A., Esq., M.D., Edinburgh 

Palmer, Arthur, Esq., Bristol 

Parkinson, Rev. Pvichard, St. Bees, Cmnberland 

Peacock, Reginald, Esq., West Bolden, Sunderland 

Percival, Richard, Esq., F.S.A., Highbury-park, Islington 

Perkins, H., Esq., F.S.A. 

Peel, Edmund, Esq., F.S.A., E 4, Albany 

Petit, Lewis Hayes, Esq., F.R.S., Lincoln's Inn 

Pettigrew, T. Joseph, E.sq., F.R.S., F.S.A., 8, Saville-row 

Phillips, Samuel, Esq., 3, Hamilton-place, St. John's Wood 

Pickslay, E. J., Esq., 4, Albemarle-street 

Pitcau-n, Robert, Esq., Edinburgh 

Pocock, Charles Innes, Esq., Bristol 

*Pocock, Lewis, Esq., F.S.A., Gloucester-road, Regent's-pk. 

Ponton, Thomas, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., 4, HiU-street 

Portico Library, Manchester 

Powell, J. P., Esq., Quax-park, Margate 

Priaulx, Osmond de Beauvoii', Esq. 23, Bentinck-street, 

Prideaux, W. Esq., Goldsmiths' Hall, City 
Prior, James, Esq., F.S.A., Royal Marine Hospital, Woolwich 
Purland, Thcodosius, Esq., 59, Mortimer-street 
Putnam, G. P., Esq. 


Relton, Rev. J. Rudge, Wormley, Herts 

Read, John, Esq., Derwent Hall, near Sheffield 

Reed, S. J., Esq., Friday-street, City 

Renisen, S. R., Esq., New York 

Repton, John Adey, Esq., F.S.A., Springfield, Chelmsford 

Richards, Thomas, Esq., Victoria-road, Kensington 

Richardson, M. A., Esq., Newcastle 

Richardson, W. S., Esq., Tanfield-court, Temple 

Rickards, Samuel, Esq., Piccadilly 

Robertson, Murdoch, Esq., Edinburgh 

Robinson, Henry Crabb, Esq., F.S.A., 30, Russell-square 

Row, James Yeeles, Esq., 23, Little St. Thomas the Apostle 

Rovedino, T., Esq., Osnaburgh-street 

Roxburgh, Andrew, Esq., Paisley 

Sandys, Charles, Esq., F.S,A., Canterbury 

Sandys, W., Esq., F.S.A., 25, Devonshire-st., Portland-pl. 

Scott, J. J., Esq., Cloisters, Temple 

Shackell, William, Esq., Coppice-row, Clerkenwell 

Sharpe, Sir Cuthbert, Newcastle 

Sheddon, Thomas, Esq., Glasgow 

ShirreflF, James Hales, Esq , M.D., Blackheath 

Smets, A. A., Esq., Savannah, Georgia, U.S. 

Smith, R. J., Esq., 1, North-terrace, Alexander-sq., Brompton 

Smith, John, Esq., LL.D,, Glasgow 

Smith, J. Russell, Esq., Old Compton-street 

Smith, Charles Roach, Esq., F.S.A., 5, Liverpool-street, City 

Smith, Thomas, Esq., F.S.A., Bii-stall House 

Smith, Thomas, Esq., Colchester 

Smith, W. J., E.sq., F.S.A., Office of Woods and Forests 

Snaith, F. Esq , M.D. 

Sopwith, Thomas, Esq., F.R.R., Newcastle 

Sotheby, S. Leigh, Es([. Wellington-street 

Spalding, J., Es(i., Ediuljurgh 

Spencer, G. B., P]sq., Albemarle-strcet 

Stevenson, Rev. William, Lcith 

Stewart, Duncan, Esq., Edinburgh 

Stokes, George, Esq., Cheltenham 

Strang, John, Esq., Glasgow 

Streeten, R. J. N., Esq., 

Swanston, C. T., Esq., Q.C., F.R.S., F.S.A., 51, Chancery-lane 

Taylor, Arnold, Esq. 

Taylor, Richard, Esq., F.S.A., Red-lion-court, Fleet-street 

Thompson, Rev. G. Hodgson, Tottenham 

Thompson, Jonathan, Esq., Temple Grove, East Sheen 


*Tite, W., Esq., F.R.S., Upper Bedford-place 

Thomas, C. J.. Esq., Bristol 

Thorns, W. J., Esq., F.S.A., 31, Marsham-street, Westminster 

Thornton, Rev. F. V., Bisham Vicarage, Great Marlow 

Tomlins, T. E., Esq., 2, Barnard's Inn 

Trinity College Library, Dublin 

Turnbull, W. B. D. D., Esq., Edinburgh 

Turner, R. S., Esq., 31, Haymarket 

Turner, Francis, Esq., 9, Queen-street, Westminster 

Utterson, Edward Vernon, Esq., F.S.A., Ryde, Isle of Wight 
Valle, Frederick, Esq., Haymarket 

Van de Weyer, his Excellency M. Silvain, Portland-place 
Vines, W., Esq., F.S.A., Leathersellers' Hall, St. Helen's 
Place, Bishopsgate-street 

Walton, Charles, Esq. 
Walsh, James, Esq., F.S.A. 

Wansey, William, Esq., F.S.A. , 30, Ely-place, Ilolborn 
Warne, Charles, Esq., Blandford 
Warner, Patrick, Esq. 
Warren de Tabley, the Rt. Hon. Lord 
Welford, Charles, Esq., New York, U.S. 
White, George, Esq., 12, Hatton-garden 
White, Robert, Esq., Newcastle 
Whitmore, H., Esq., Manchester 
Wilks, John, Esq., 3, Finsbury-square 
Willcox, B. M., Esq., 24, Dorset-square, New Road 
Williamson, Esq., Glasgow 
Wilson, John, Esq., 47, Gower-street 
Wiudus, B. Godfrey, Esq., F.S.A., Tottenham 
Woodley, Frank, Esq., 93, Lower Mount-street, Dublin 
WooUey, E., Esq., Eastnor-terrace, Leamington-Spa 
Worship, Francis, Esq., 66, Lincoln' s-Inn-Fields 
Wreford, Rev. J. Reynell, F.S.A., Bristol 
Wright, Thomas, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., &c., 1 8, Gilbert-street, 
Grosvenor-square, Treasurer and Secretary 


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