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Containing the Continuation of 


And the Beginiing of the Continuation of 



Cos\ all' efro fanclul poniamo aspeni 
Di wave Ifcor gli orli del vaso ; 


" S"'!';^!.*"*"^ Ingannato iiitant'o ei bcve 

E dalH iaganno buo vita riceve.** 




C Baldwin, Printer. 
New Bridge4rtreet, London 



I \... 

NY n^TTMi QwndBi ■ 


SiM^jEN years |Bgp,,| 4e4|p9tp4,# yoi^ - 
-. luiKWof E^ly i^pa^wns " To ^py litrt# 

. to be ^ «w. J ]i0vir de^q^e j^ 

Oon^iuiaUon of Early I^esj^^HHs li^^^oi^ 

" lieap tittle bro^ Fwnfi^^ ¥lp|L 

your bi!!9(b^F was* w^^mk Wtf^^^wm 
written for him, and read to hitn. 
tie could not then read; and you 
cannot now read. Bui; Ifa^ tkne 
will come> when you will be able to 



read; and then, I hope, you will re- 
ceive pleasure from what I am at 
this instant waiting; and I am sure 
that you will feel pleasure in reading 
Harry and Lucy, because, in this book 
you jvill recollect all those little experi- 
ments, which your father tried for you, 
and which you then understood. And 
you will, I thiqk, be glad to find, that 
you are able to comprehend the account, 
Whieh'he has written of them. 

'I hope,, my dear httle broth^i', that 
when' you grow up, you wilt be such a 
man as your brother William now is; 
and then you will give your fatbeit 
winA mother a& nuich' pleasure as- that 
bt^other William now gives them. 

* » T • «. 


> •• ..v. « • « i * I 


their cliildren^ the authors heg leave; to pre^ % 
few ob9erTations> oil early education, which h^ve 
occurred to thetb^ since the former parts of these 
bodks were published. 

We found^ to our high gratldcailons^ during 
a visits 'v^ch ^e latdy yM to fei^iid^ thai: 
the attention (ft pAl^ts, inH^efy jii)Hik*(^ sod^i 
HTM tdMM tb Am ««Ay «Mcf«tibn of llRSiv 

Formerlj, a child wai ikQ^ MKntium Unr £i|il 

eifiht ov Hrn^ jm^ ta jApqi^^ jji §yfnf p9g% of 

itsf duties ^««-the motJiL^r or th^ nura^iy, 
^jaaid att^ded tp th^ latter^ for their oym 
gakef -r- t)i!^ fathei) iememl)e];ing t^ praise 

a 3 


was a child^ was anxious, that his son should leam 
to read as soon as possible. 

The objecit was to cram children with cer- 
tain 'comiii4n*pbces of knowledge, to . fuiiiiah 
them with answers to ready-made questions^ to 
prove that the, teacher, -Whether parent, school- 
master, or private tutor, had kept the pupil's 
memory, at least, at hard work, and had confined 
his limbs and his mind; for many hours in the 
diay, to stud^* 

At present, the attention of parents is more 
extended; they endeavour to give their pupils 
reasonable motives for industry and application. 
T^y watch the tempers and dispositions of chil- 
dseu': they endeavour to cultivate the general 
poweni of'the infant understanding, instead of 
labouring incessantly to make them reading, writ- 
ing, and- calculating machines. 

^ To ' Bss&st • thtin in these views/ parents have 
now a ' number of excellent elementary books; 
Such a variety of these have of late years been 
piibUshed, that, by a proper use of them, more 
generfeil knowledge can be now acquired, by ' a 
"^d; with two' hours' daily' di)plication," than 

1M9B^B»6 TO^ MOTiBBB^ Vli 

eeoM' We been ftequsred; fiftjr jesm ago, Irji: 
the constant labour of ten hours in the four*ancU 

"iRiere are^ persons who l^mk> that the ease 
with which -knowledge is thus: obtained, and 
its- dispelfiiGttt throng' the wide mass. of. society, 
are- unfatoumbLe' tc the advaneement of sei- 
ence ; that knowledge; easily acquired is easily 
Ibfit;. that- it makes- scarcely any salutary iitt* 
pression upon the mind, impeding^ imitead of 
iBVigdreSing its nadve force:. they insert, that 
the principal use of early learning is to in- 
ure- the young miad to i^lieatkm ; and that 
the rugged pat^ of. seholaailc discipline taught 
the foot of the learner to tread more firxniy, 
and hardened' him to bear the labour of. clinb- 
. ir^' the m(^ difficult ascents of lifeeratiure and 

Uadoobtedly, the- infkat mind should be inured 
tokbouT'; but it can soai^cely be denied, that 
it- is better - ta: bestow that labour upm what 
. is witldn the comprehension of a ohild» than 
tt» crain its) memory wiitih what must be un- 
ifttefiigilile. A cUUd is: taught ;. to walk upon 

mmM imt an lafMit <m it» U^, for tii^ finRfc t|m% 
on rugged rocks. 

& flAenii to be ja y^ ylaiil clij:$ptioi| (q a 
tafbefc^ to proceed fro» wlwt is ](||93Rn^ .^ 
tte SCSI alep wliidi is nel hmnni 1ml Ib^Pi 
m ^edigegiief^ who choose Ibe fftlrqgrulA 
ilMiBn of going fiott vlsRt is litJfte ]eI90W1» t9 
wiiat H km luowii. Siiro^ » OJMU m^j i^fi 
Wp4 einployedr and his fdeulfeies i»a^ I9 ^ 
fiaitfnU{^ ottemsod^ faj gradufd wtni<rtak% m 
aubjeots auit^ to his ot^padtx ; wliet^ ein^iy stfQg 
mImuim^ jmmL wboj^B the Jwi-yersaJL «ikI xsl^oa^ 
anopntivo 4e iqylicatieBj iucctu, i» f^^eijufi W 

ilo £ir ftom tidnkiai^ Ikat Aq» is a roj^v} 
fodd 4» asiT- aciaaoesy I bdianne^ thu* ihe rw4 
must be long, but I do not think it nj^ hfi 
mggedt I am caamu»d, that a lo^i^e ^ l^tim- 
ing ms^ be eoaly bidiioad, fajr mataiiig ;it ap^eat 
Ide ; tiiait the liidess ddknesa ef manj an e«pe^ 
letti sc^hr 4tr]aas> tnot fyom sertniim to ^^[iftica* 
tk)ii> Imt ^EMHL ba93Bg all the Dumlf of paia asaa« 

^tdd wHk 4earl^ iastiacliaa. By juNib i 46 


not liaerel^rinean the pain of corporal correction^ 
or* of' any* species of direct punishment. Even 
ivhere parents have not recourse to these, thej 
ofiten associate pain indissolubly with lit&niture, 
by compdHng children to read that which they 
cannot understand. One of the oljects of- this 
address to mothers is to deprecate this pra(>- 
tice, and to prevent tMs evil in future. Let 
me most earnestly conjure the parents and 
teabherSj, into whose hands these little volumes 
may coHle, to lay any of them aside immediately^ 
that is not easily understood ; a time will come, 
when that which is now rejected^ may be sou^tt 
for with avidity. L am particularly anidous 
upon . this subject, because we have found, 
from expedence^that the ^* Early Lessons '' are not 
fj^rranged in the order in whidi> for the faci- 
lity, of the learner^ they ought to be read. In 
factor the. orda: in* which they were first published 
was the. order of time in which they were writ- 
teny and not of the matter which they contained 
This first part of Harry and Lucy was written 
by mef thirty-four years before Frank: and Ro- 
apMiiond were written by my- dlap^iter*^ Frank 

is t!i6 ttdest to be mideffStooGU mH Aofsii^ 
^erefore, here oome first; i^ber Fmak, 4* 
lirst pftrt of Htitny and Lueyi thfin RosapDmiA; 
and^ lastly the second part af Hany and hmEf, 
iitrluch was written long after the first {Hort bfdi 
been puUSshed. This latter part ahoidd sat 
t)e put into t^6 hands of papik bcfoK liiaj^ 
are eight yeats <dd. We hare jbeard fjhildnati 
say> '' We love Utths Frank, beemue ii is eMy$ 
hut we hate Harry and Lueg, h^cmue U is dfft' 
ctdt.** We d^er iiAjplieLdf to ^eir opkaan j ^ridi 
educated diildren are> im faot^ best jodgas of wiuit 
is fit tot children. 

Moliere's hackn^ed idd woman was not so gaoA 
a critic of comedy^ as a ehild of eight yeaia aid 
might be of books for infants. 

Whenever, tli^^ore^ a €iiild> w^o btta ^ 
general a disposidon fo^ insfermjdon^ skowa n 
didike for any book^ lay it aside at onee^ with- 
out saying any tbing upon the satjeet; and 
put somatliing bef^« liiiii> ^at b naia 
to his taste. For instance^ m the fc^w- 
ing fitile bo^ SSetet^ paits of thaai «ie 
atiHed to {U tastes «f Aifferest &Mt^, «6 ^9^ 

MPm^ f jLf w c oMiinttiiddi ||» |i»i9^y to select wbat 
dHf tei t^oB ixwl to be tb^ begt for tbeif 
imMidiite ittDrpofl^ and t9 laj Asid^ ^h^ I!e9t 
4m maAm ogfottim^* W^ Jwy^ j^^^tedl/ 
tWkid pBteiUs find 1mekm& osmgiain pf the 
«NM of bwks fior tbmf fupiki 4^ tH»f be a 
iww ii t TpOK^ nf die gweial iiap»veni^t tligt 
•Ml idkitt ^iaoB i[»f i«^ f«9i% in tbe aiodes ^f 
instruction, titan this desure for early liten^fim? 
-^Fhen I ^as m tMMg I bid «o veiwrce but 
liMHbeif^s littiB Jwdui md Mw# T^ichum; i^ 
tbMr^ wlun ifwtrf fwa psadoceg somethuig aeir^ 
mA flomwhiti g fMdU &r Ae iiWP^ ^ juvenile 
HlMffliM, tibflte is «tyi aai inereasiiig denuu]4 
iat ^SUMttea'B haatoL In a Mfeotiqa of ^ ^ sofct^ 
mmw of prudenoB aiid Axp^diBnOe we eautioos 
Ml tl> bo dejBei?«d hy a ^am^^ or b/ an al- 
HMUg tldOiifttge: tfaey pxt^igutly «aEaiiiiiie wbat 
%bQ^ pitt kto liie Imnda of iSMOx aohobors j thoy 
ti[#«7, that irane of infatuation » n (^old is 
ineferable to confused and obscure instruction; 
Aat, fl» their pupils to know any one thing well^ 
ipd i9 be itble to j^yejr to other^^ in appro« 


priate language, the little knowledge vAada. 
they may have acquired, is far prefemble .to;a 
string of ready-made answers to i^edfic questions^ 
which have been merely committed* to memory; 
that an example of proper ooodact, of. a noble sen- 
timent, the gj^ow of enthuaasm^ raised by a sim]^ 
recital of a generous action^ have more influence, 
upon the tempers and understandings of children, 
than the most pompous harangues of studied .^o- 

In choosing books, for young people> the 
enlightened parent wiU endeavour to coUeist 
such '9S tend to give general knowledge, .and 
to strengthen .the understaiiding. Books, which 
teach particular sciences, or distinct bnuicheB 
ci knowledge, should be sparingly employed. 
In one word, the mind should be prepared 
'for instruction'; the terms of .every art and 
every sd^oe should, in some degree, be fa- 
miliar to the child, befrare :any thing like a 
specific treatise on the isulgect.sliould be .read. 

It is by no means our intention to lay down 
a course of early instruction, or to limit the 
nnmb^ of books, that may, in soooessioii^ be 

^«fc&*jr put into the hands of the popQ. Mw. 

BarhMld's « Lessons for Children, from three 

to fcmr:Yeani old/' hAye obtained a pitescrip. 

-av» pre-eminence in the nuraery. These are 

-fit fo a child's firat attempts tozead.s^iteiibes; 

cand they go on, in easy progrertion, to such 

•little nki^tattres as ought to follow. Her elo- 

quent hymns may next be read. They give an 

early taste for die sublime language and feeUngs 

^of devotion. Scriptural stories have been selected 

•in some little 'volumes; thesermay succeed to Mrs. 

.Barbauld's Hynms. No narrative malces a greats 

•impression up6n the mind>than that rf Jaseph;and 

ibis brethren :— not the *^or^ of Jos^i, expanded 

«nd> adorned by what /is falsely c^ed fine writ- 

:ing^; but tthe: history of Josejph in the book of 


When children can -read fluently, the diffi- 

icultj^ is not to supply them with entertaining 

bodlKB, but to prevent them from reading too 

much, and indiscriminately. To give them ,only 

'.sfich as cultivate the moral feelings, and .create 

a.t^ite for knowledge^ ^hile they» at the same 


^Uak,9ikim attA iaksimL A &w> and quHe iujfi* 
wimH far Ihi^ purpoke, maj lie named; for m« 
4tnc% ''F«bid0tti HiM0des:'^ "^ £vena§s at 
fibxMj'f ^' Barq^s Cfalldxcn'aFrieBd;" '' Sssd^ 
IMaMMwtoni" «'Iitlie Jack;" <'13i6ClttL. 
inn's MimUairr;'' '' Bob die Teni^;" fi' Dkk 
4mi Ftaeyi^ r<Ttife fiapk of Tsadeg;'' '^llie 
ijoalaag^^ttiB^ cv HiatDi^ of i foong Artist;'' 
«f BdiifaiMlClrtimi-^ "^ HieTiaivelf of Rdandb;'' 
« talk ytMAi I flmtifi* i#i A aoiie hedUOwn^ be* 
aattiq, dHttigii it conMuii laudi knowledge cdU 
hWi ft kmtk vtfidilfi authersy jct it is too mudx 
Wla«l ^h ie^fl. «' Mr. Wafcsfieid on In. 
«lta«il ^ t lUMtte #iilL iBMia oonfideaee^ because 
i1m» fsitfl and tb0 ftitiott «r8 judidoody sepa* 
fatedj so tlMH ^ feadet is in ao dan^cf 
mistaking truth for falsehood. To this JUTO- 
utte Hkrai^^ perfiapSi may be added parti of 
f^ ^tfl&te^i N«tuiBl l&tcty of Sdboame;i' and 
jMrIt «f «* Smelfie'fi Fldlosophy of Natoral His- 

1%e«^tK)db «N5 offit terfe named in die l»dar 
in -which tbejr Aemld be xeaij Aat ttusi ^aagr 

ifccor£iig to Hui tasftM and ctfiMitiet of t|» 
puplb^ and acoosdi^ to Tftnbun aoddeistsfl 0i9« 
imxBstences^ wUdi it it itnpoafSUe tp fsf^i^ 
or emimctntte. Bnt hdre it h wMmij to ali^ 
kirre^ that acarcdij liny one of tfaesK ¥o6ki wiH 
jih}l»fafy h& suited^ in eterjr part td Wf cbfleb 
ddldren du)i]id not t)e forced to read a beok 
through, \mt snflbred to pass orer what liia^ 
do ^ot understand^ and to seiieet that w^&A 
M&ts tlieir tasteg^ whjcb wiB generally be found 
tb 1)0 #!iat ^bof petfectl]^ cOftptebeiMl. There Ik 
|»o danger that dnui t)ei3a!iifldon fihdnld laad to a 
laato foe deguitorf xeadbg^ if l9ie pu]^ are eoii;- 
teed to a eertalA coliection of bocdct. Thef wfll, 
«t dH^ffiOt ageg^ and ta^ thdr knimledge eakiges^ 
^^etTf to th6Be pans of the hookif^ whidi thejr 
hdd rejected j and, ^e taste fori^sading hicD^ttf- 
tug; t1ie)r will, in iiine, become perfoet^ acquainted 
with mtrf tidn^ ^r^ ^Hl^ur «lltotii9» in flMir 
juvenile library. 

For iiista^, that «ie^nt ^gAl^ ^* Ev^fdngs 
ftt Hodie/ coiitalds iesiNhis tthd han^Mltei, 
dilQd td d U i itfeni ^paol^^i ftm ma& ^ 


eighty to twelve^ or thirteen years of age. It 
would be Hi^ly mjuriout to the woik,- and to 
the young readers^ to insist, or even to pennit, 
that the whble should be {)erused at an age> 
^hen- the whole cannot be understood. The 
same may be said of *' The Children's Eriend," 
and of "SandfOTd and Merton," the last voi- 
lume of which is suited to young men at ccd- 
I^e; while parts of the first two are fit for 
(children of seven or eight, and other parts for 
ten or twelve years old. Tn these bo^ks, the 
selection may be safely trusttd to the young 
readers; in others, the selection must be made 
by the parent or teaeher; fb^ instance, in 
** Smellie's Philosophy rf Natural History," where 
there will be found many entertaining and instruo- 
tive facts, suited to children from eight to tefi 
yeaiis, mixed with a great deal, both of what they 
cannot understand, and of what they ought no^ 
to read. 

The " Book of Trades" we have just men- 
tioned as a most useful book, and it diould 
slwfiys precede Joyce's ^^ Scientific . Dialogues/' 

M^ttf^ ittBftrttetloa ; aMd iMireiite AMA dd did 
fixitlier ^e juMiee not t<5 pat Wb boeks to^ ieailjF 
iate !Sie ^aOs of chffilfen. 

Hot no hddk, oti si^^d dd!y|t»!!ts^ &kt UsS 

"frMclk it cofitaidi tfdll . tmfeulrt^y bib nm^m* 

to*edt Imt il h-^abt ¥ot Hie ^innka ftdH, 

that this book is so highly valuable^ a« ib^ iHi^ 

diBAi* mSL elty T^iOai&i^ ^ 'idMA ^6 feaijer 

is M &oitl oie propdrftien tb antfdiet. I 

l|i^ frtm ^tj^^sStkLab : oii^ liP my iMOtcfti 

htA e$ctlf Acquired sndi att imager iA^ ^ 

y^aAing^ ^, titti filM h^ naind Wi0i a A\M^ 

ttKfe ^ fa(^ inlA imftgbs^ and y^rtjkdtfp wtdxSi 

pte^&Kt/ea her ftc/tn patient investigatioii^ iaii 

ftom ^hose habits tof thinkings ftnd that logical 

xndactkm^ ^without tirMch^ no i^cienic^^ rvor taalf 

series d£ truths, can be taught. ?%e *' Wie&ii 

(ad Diabgues*' SBcceeded in giving a ttim ib 

flic iihoughts df my pnpil, which has produced 

the most salutary e£^ts in her *«Aiicafioii. 

femmmlc ideas, poetic images, tnid wne ^- 



dain of common, oocuj^tionfl,. seemed lo 'ckcir 
awitj from her young mind; and the diaos o( 
her-, thoughts ' formed a new and- rational ar- 
rangement. The child was ten years <dd at 
the time of which I speak^ and from that pexiod 
her general application has not heen diminished ; 
hut whatever she reads, poetry> history^ holies 
leCtres^ . or science^ every thing seems to 6nd 
its proper place, and to improve* whilst it filb 
her mind. 

There is still wanting a series of little books 
preparatory to Joyce's " Scientific Dialogues/' 
No attempt,, humble as it may appear, requires 
so much skill or patience,. nOr could any thing 
add . more efiectually. to the general improve* 
ment of the infant understandings than such 
a work. The elementary knowledge which such 
books should endeavour to inculcate, must be 
thinly scattered in entert-aining stories ; not witht 
a view to teach in play, but with the hope of 
asresting, for a few moments, that volatile at- 
tention, which becomes tired with sober, isolated 

Some years since, I wrote ^' Poetry Explained 


for. Cliildreii,? and I have found it highly use- 
ful in my own family. It has not, howevei:, 
been mach called for. k is, therefore, reatonahly 
to ' he supposed, that it has not heen well- exe- 

Such a liiods: is certainly wanting; and, if 
it faecaoie popular, it would he of more ser- 
vide in education^ than parents are well aware 
of. Nothing' is earlier taught to children 
than' extracts from poetry; they are easily 
got by; heart. If a child has a toleiable me- 
mory, a good ear, and a pleasing voice, the 
parents are satisfied, and the child is extolled 
for its recitation. Nine times out of ten, the 
sense, of what is thus got by rote is neglected 
or- misunderstood; and the little actor acquires 
fche pernicious habit of reading fluently and 
committing to memory what it does not 
comprehend* There is still something worse 
in this practice. The understanding is left 
dormant, while the memory is too much 
exercised; whereas the object most dear- 
able is to strengthen the memory, ofdif by 

a, iaOHHV ^EWMBm* 

«ttity. This ididtdA 1191 iMi tf^ne «& «M^ |yr l^oidA 
be done with great caution. There an ebrti&i 
irell ItncitRfi ^fltemieK «f Mm f\NiEidter%, with 
ftlnt» Of GfeciMi, Ro&Mny a«kL ttm^VUk faMo^^ 
^Hi^ Are ui^ful % im]#«Mi lite pri^pid ftt^ 
hi Mmrj, on «li6 IniMi ^ dhn<ll«k; imd we 
&fft§ hMy ^i^ t^^ Wne 1% ^MlMm, ^mA&e 
fin AMtee <dr AlMl lffie*,t, ^ PioliMi of Ei^ 
liiii, Wt rf MftiaA, md OreMttH Hi«ti»yw- 
The liiiidatiire prizits $li these al^ f|» ta^^etter 
%o w4ittt tee ^udlir me^ <with ki Meh hboks; 
inid the l^g^OB^, ana 6dE«M(^ of the 'fects, !h 
t^eEfe in£(itkih M8)x)ries^ istt, ih getteHS, excel* 
lent. Ahriflgments of history, sudi ^ Ooopfei^ 
^Drt H&tofies bf England and France, €oM- 
*iafli's itf »i«e<» arid ftbme. Lord Wood- 

* i:iieK ifl an odd anMnm, i^ch AoM be iwtMB» 
in Mr. Allied Miles^ tiny Hietory of EngUDd—Oie 
omits the life^ and records only the dwth of Cbiurles the 

fimwiee'sexeeUent: book, or ftay others^ ivhicb 
merely give the events^ without mixture, of 
political, reflections^ may be read between the 
ages of eight - and ten ; . but it is- absurd t^ 
put .Hume^ Robertson, MacayJay^ Gibt^n^ or 
any: of our philosophical histo^ans' worli^, in-* 
to the hands of children* > All that should, or 
can be done, effectually, is to ^ye the young 
pupib-a clear view of the outlioe of history ^^ 
wtad' to ^ fix- in. their, memories the leading facts 
in: the. proper, order of > time. Fqr this pur-* 
pose, there are. severai genealogical and histo- 
Kical - charts, that may be usefid, even at the 
early age of nine, or ten ;T-Le Sage's, chart 
contains the fullest, and . ^' Stork!s <S^ream of 
Time'' by far- the clearest view of chronology^ 
«nid. history. There are some careless omissious 
in these, which will probably be remedied in 
future editions. Priestley's Charts of History 
and of Biography, can never be obsolete.*— 
To' me, his Chart- of History is not so clear, 
either as Le Sage, or as the Stream of Time: 
but I hear, from those whose; judgment I 

ttK jomaam v^ wBimaamm 

n^p^f mi it miifqrs lo iheir^siinid^ a ^Mfli and 
tbxuptfhtnme tiew of kB subject. 

Fdt the pitffiose fxf fimg 'in tkft naadi of 
etiildreiiy a feir- of the leading fttils a£ Ui8» 
tory, fclironologyi and ^googtapby^ I l^iiftl;; 4# 
tedudeal be^ of wliat k called art^piial m^ 
mory may be safely empkiyed. Tbe aiicQfiStioii 
of Roman eB)|>eiors, of English ldng8> iJie 
large geogtapbieal diTisiains of tbe warl4» tb^ 
ord^ df tbe principal iuYedtidns and dittxnFe^ 
tfeflt m idi as tbofie of ganpowder, piiztting^ 
and tbe matiner's cempam; tbe difleovecj of 
America, and of tlie passage to India by tba 
Cape ($f Good Hope, See. j nay be chroaokgU 
csdly stoted in tbe memory, witbout vywcf ta 
tbe nnderstai^ing. Witboat encumboidng the 
recoUectitre &culty, t#enty or thirty of 6nqr% 
menvmal Unes, may, when selected, be easily 
committed to memory* They sbeuld be ledted 
merely tfs jargon, till they ar^ perfectly learneA 
by totej tbfen tbe use of tbe letters, lit the 
terminattens of tbe w!»dfl, wbi^ ^cpi^ss <to 
^tes, AtMidA be e&plakiedi 9aA <iie pmil sbonUl 

nlHHni 9« WRBnUk VlQl 

he practised !h ihe use of ttieiee Ifae^ AenU he 
frequently referred to, bt ceiitezttiion ; Ae i&ilr- 
ibrea AofM be cUScd vpenf and iMia Mpadjr ki 
Hhe use of thdbr tiim^toJ fiyttfMi^ and) «« tte 
tame time^ made senMMe of the adtaatigB ivf Ae 
loiowledge lliey %Ave «iitt8«eq«uMd. 

Any laiiiier liisn tMi, I wotdd ardd taAi^ 
dd memory. Among like w aBii i ats ^ it migh^ Ih 
wnne degree^ supply Ae want e# priotid lools 
qF tieference; but^ in otir dttjrty wlten knewMg^ 
of every sort, l^at lias 1)een liitberto eoqpiiisd^ 
may 1)e immedbtdy referred to^ ill e^«ty ceamon 
libraiy, or in the shop of every booksellelr^ it is 
needOess to load the memoiies af thildi«n «Hth 
answers to every possible qilestion Sn geograpl^ 
and history, and with idi sndi l^^aill&if^^ ttt li tb 
lie fbund in task hooks. 

Before t quit iSke snbjebt^ I «My he permit^ 
ted to suggest to Utose, who af(9 obmpoiiiig> «r 
wlio hitend to compose elementary hooks ftr 
dlSdzen^ l!hat what is purely didae<se| and all 
general reflections^ ought 'as much as possAle^ 
to lie avoided. Aelaxm lAioifld he inttodnoed 
■■Action! Action! Whether in j a o w i a 4Mr 

'scienoe, 'the thing to be taught should* seem to 
atise.from the circuBastances^ in Tvhich the 
'little persons of the drama are placed ; and (Hi 
the proper manner^ in which this is- managed^ 
twyi . depend . the excellence and success ; of. ini- 
tiatory books. for children. Entertaining : story 
or. natural dialogue^ induces the pupil to .read; 
but^ on the other hand^ unless some useful in- 
struction be mixed with this entertainment^ no- 
thing but mere amusement wiU be acceptable, 
.and it will be difficult to bring the . attention 
to fix itself^ without disUke, upon any serious 

In fact, early instruction— I may trust my 
own experience, in the education of a large 
family— early instruction depends more upon 
oral communication, than upon the books ei- 
ther task books w books of amusement, that can 
be. found for them, or perhaps, that can be writ- 
ten. Books should be used to. recall, arrange, 
and' imprint what is learnt by the senses; they 
win please the more, when they give back the 
images, .that have been sHghtly impressed upon 
•fjie vwavKn^* ' . 

ANmSB» TO M€FrUiiWi> xt» 

• ' • • • » 

I -know that it is much, -easier 'to pmnt out 
wbat is desiiable^ than to show distinctly the 

* means -of accomplishing our wishes. How to 
'fill up from day to day> the aching void, in the 
'little breasts of children^ is a question (that 
•cannot be ; easily solved. When I recommend 
teaching, as much as posdUe, by oral Instruo- 
tion, I have this grand difficulty full in my 

'view-; but I hope to point out^ that means may 
•be founds 1^ which, in some degree^ it may be 
'Obviotcd. There is scarcely any object^ 'which 
'a child sees ^ or' touches, that may not become 

* a subject for conversation and instruction, 

-« For. insfeancei .is the mother dressing ?-^the 
•things on her dressing table are objects of 
^curiosity to the diild. The combs are of difrer« 
: ent .sortSr-<-hora^ ivory> box, . and tortoise-shell. 
^-'^Hum cs^n the horns of a cow bennade flat 

* so : as to be cut into the shape of a ^comb ?-— 
What is ivory? and where is tortoiseshell to 

, be had ? A cane-bottom chair frequently 

.ioatdies the ..attention of a child— ^it may be 

nude a first lesson in weaving^ A ^ 

.htet^K&at.hipm miiny olgects for instzuctiQii! 


»0Y#«. A spooA xpflects tli« £iu^ dii^xrlflA 1^ 
• ^M^tfol lengthi if tuiotd in moHm |4iiM- 
11011^ Ijia face become xi^etoloitfly dM|. Tte 
HfWL riw from tbe im-^he top ts fiamA 
off tiio tea^uror-or tli# ym^ bnrflti fip«i A^ 

dull ilb^ wa|^ nm ^ % limp ^ mwr ^ t* 
dipfi^ in jOi^ tea. T^ etmm minjgt§ m Ap 
lop /9!f t)i« te»--H9iil}L WJMBS with i^ mxmmiiB^ 

tiuiR i99@»m At djra^r^ tlie bMi^ %oi|^ 

and fins^ imi gjil oC % &ak, iffv^ty |m0 m^ 
joivt of « f4»wl or a Itturai .or isf f^y Jjj^t 
i)f iveat, afford aabjeets ft remark ^ a#4 d^ 
tkttsie tliiDgs, ihough but very Ultf? fl^id4 k^ 
aaid of dieat^ At anf quo itma^ i|ii^» jlpgr fte" 
0ttea» lie 4Dade ^ubflendant, not cmlgr to Mdiae* 
n«iit« but to tha . aeqaiaition of leal fauMi- 

It 18 by no means intended to racaa»meaJ» 
4lAt i&cimes ahould ba qpoiken at ^eveifr aMai^ 
cr ^shat 4ke appetites of infiHits ahoold beonaite 

to wiitiNr4M ^qjtoaaliwt «f mimkm^K Aiy liid 

li^— 1% It ifi My mggmeiy Aat tto cGmmmi 

eb€ cifOiiflfBiailce of . Hfe, tmct tiie txitiiimiti^ 
oJ^MlH^ that oecnr, nmy hoeomB tiie neaos 
of tNcMfig useM f^ids^ audi wiuit tt of ffitt^ 
(HmmoiA&sxie, habiM cxf obeerratiim ahd resJMi^ 
iiig. It will h6 objeeted, tliat> oltfaoaglt the 
ml^edli wM«(h axe bete alluded to, are fiuotH 
Half and o£^ daily Occunrence in fatnilks of iM 
iftoAs, parests ^etnselv^ are ftequently not 
mAciftitIf ^paUn of givhig the imHitlotiOfi wk!^ 

Tb tliis it ttay b^ nmv^eted^ that scfticdy 
^ pft<€8ftiS die 00 situate^ tbfft tbc^ m&j mi/t 
ii^itlEimt ^^Rm kaqp^ ikwxk time to thiife^ thti^ 
iktt^ IsLOwIedgd, wbicb Ibey wish te eoifaxiiu^ 
akale-^t teasb so te as i^ lequisit^ to e^te 
aftfl iOO^pOl^ tb^ do^Oidtjr ^ tb^ pupild. 

AH Ibis imf hb eaMy etected V ^^^ bigtieif 
^Mi^ <xf ^azent«^ wbo b^tii leiKiM to attend 
to ^Smta cbOdltt^; and €hdi9& ^^kteHi^ wb6 bif^ 
iM- tHde lhetiUelT6s to pea^piie tby coarse of 
taM!to> ftay fod papisnt 'Badstmi^^ t^ tk^ g^reat 
ii]^«i!liii6» ^TWm iiie> in Bngldfid^ jbany p^^SM^ 
wbo would be suited to sueh ^tSllsc mUm ■ ' " 


widows^ and elderly^ unmarriedv woi&eii, who 
are above the station of ordinary domestics^ and , 
yet are not sufficiently instructed^ or accom^^ 
pUshed, to beoome governesses. Sueh per- 
sons might be emphiyed, to take the early care, 
of children^ while the lower offices of: the nur*- 
serymaid might be performed .by coinnKm^ 
uneducated servants. No person shQuld daily, 
or hourly converse with children^ or should 
have power over them^ or any share in the; 
management of their minds, who does not. 
possess goodv temper, and. a certain degree of. 
good sense. Accomplishments, learning, or 
e'sea much information, in the usual sense of 
the word, will be unnecessary for the kind 
of assistants here described; but the hahit of< 
speaking good language, and in a good accent, . 
is indispensable. All the knowledge requisite 
for explaining common object, to children, 
from six to eight years old, may be gradually^ 
acqmred, as occasion caUs for it daily; and. 
good sense, with a little practice, will soonv 
teach the teacher how to manage instruction 

Hi fdiiMdd «f lel» afluenoe^ when tbli 
snlidWttiite goyexiies!^, in attenAail^ oftUM bi 
tilbrdedi Md where Uie moither caiin«fc MciM 
a fifeiid to assist heft, in haa tu>t 9la Met 
tSmflttet td tike a f>^t in tke aire of tte 
younger ones^ the ttibthet mutft giv6 up fiMta 
of her own time to her dbil£b*^n^ iMan is usual 
tt ligi^elMe^ ^ ^Ise e^e mcisl s^d ttod to 

til^ "ream the ^fficulty of ^ndiiig s^simis 

t^ere childlisn cAn he ratioaally taught; liNiit 

i^ i6 1^^^ "^lieie ftif^eH and nsrful knowledga 

Avf be tleaily eonveyed to their uadeistaiid* 

ihg^^ "MAiiotit unnecessary confineaaient, alavkit 

habits^ or corporal correction. To keep efailii 

dreh poring over books^ that they eannot nn- 

flenrtand, or casting up sums without making 

them acquainted with the reasons for the rales, 

trhich ihey mechanically foHow^ is all that can 

b^ expected from a common schoolmaster^ ot, 

to ^eak more properly^ from a oommdn 

schooL Parents send young children to sehool> 

not only td learn what is professed to be taught^ 

but also tb keep their troublesome infants &^ 

c 3 

XfiOE: A2IDJIS08 X0>' JkfOXaBBS.- 

0f harm's way. W^:e tlie aghoolmaster erer 
so miicli enlighteaed^ or ever so well* diqx)8ed>, 
Ite must, comply with the expectations of pa« 
rettts^-^he must keep his scholars apparentlj 
at work for a given number of hours*— or he 
cannot satisfy his employers. 

What is to be done ?. 

The schoolmaster must aj^pear to do. as 
others do. The remedy does not lie with the 
school^ cr with the schoolmaster^ but with the 
parents. Until parents are convinced of the 
iaefficacy of the present system^ things must 
remain as they are. When they are persuaded^ 
that a reform is necessary^ the next thing is to 
consider how it can be accomplished. 

To encourage good elementary schools^ 
more liberal emoluments must be allowed to 
schoolmasters and mistresses. To effect this 
purpose^ without raising the present price of 
schooling, nothing more is necessary^ than to 
shorten the present enormous duration of 
school hours. 

Two hours' attention is more than sufficient 
%r the acquirement of any things, yrbich a 

|f0uxig< ahiId.ought: to leam in a day<; and even 
these two -hours ; shoald be, interrupted, by a re!- 
laxation. of at least one third of that. time. 
Thus four differeat sets^ or dasses,. of scholars 
might' be sent- daUyto the same school* and 
for each class the present prices diiould be 
paid; so that the master ni^t have his salary 
considerably increased/ without giving up, more 
of his time tfaap he does at present.v 
■ The numerous schools for early eduqation^ 
that are establishing^, or ths^ are already, esta* 
bUsbed in the me^teopolis, and in- all the large 
tpwns of England^, will, if they be properly m»^ 
naged^. leave little to be.desired upon the sub* 
ject of education for children between the 
y^ears ofseven and twelve. -. 

The active modes of in£itr'Uction> which Bell 
and Lancaster have introduced^ are • fuUy as 
advantageous, as the low price, of schooling; 
the children are prevented from drowsing over, 
their lessonsj and their little bodies are kept in 
some degree . of motion. Certain petty mouU'^ 
iebankisms will, by degrees, be laid aside ; and 
the good sense of the excellent persons who 

iixte t>^^tiiitd them i6 ixusp&ci, niodte MnxiiAj, 
MitaUi^hiDehts of t)sk aott : lUld their afcqu^faii-'' 
ance with the early {>ropensities and habits 6t 
c3iildren> enaKle them to ^ect jSuccedsfailyy 
their instruction ; and it may be t&^n^f 
hoped^ that^ uhder their C8tre> dam^ i^tixAs, 
with mistresses judiciously chosen^ i^ay be es- 
tabhsh^ wherever they Ieu^ Wimtfng. Ail-S 
other generaticm will re&p the advAntagtt 0^ 
i^kat has been begun in this; aiid teadbers of 
ll5th aexes, ilnd of various degrees d iitfermation^ 
will^ iieteaftet^ h6 procured with ease; and 
elementary schdob Will b6 edtablii^ed in eveijr 
j^art of the Ignited kingdom. 

R* Lm £• 

» » /■. 


Frakk was very fond of playing At 
battledore and shuttlecock; but he 
eould not alH^ays play when he liked^ 
or as long as he liked it, because he had 
no battledore or shuttlecock of bis owil. 
He determined to ti*y to make a shut- 
tlecock for himself ; but he had no 
cork for the bottom of it, and he had 
only five feathers^ which had once be- 
longed to ah old worn-out shuttlecock. 
They were ruffled and bent. Hb mo- 
ther was very busy, so that he did not 
like to interrupt her, to ask for more 
feathers ; and his father was out riding, 
so that Frank could not ask him for a 
cork. His brother Edward advised 

yoL. III. B 


him to put off trying to make his shut- 
tlecock, till his mother was not busy^ 
and till his father should return from 
riding ; but Frank^ was. so impatient 
that he did not take this prudent advice. 
He set to work immediately, to lAake 
4he bottom of his shuttlecock of one 
end of thQ haudl^ of his priplBeri whioh 
he sawed off, because he thought that it 
jesembted the bottom of a shuttlecoc]^ 
in shape more than any other bit cff 
jifood which he posses^. When he 
tried to make hdies in it &>v the feathers^ 
^ found that the wood was exti^mdy 
Jhwd; he tried and tried' in vain; and, at 
last^vSAip went the end of the pricker. 
It btoke in two ; and Frank was so sorry, 
that he began to cry : but, re6oUectiog 
that his tears would not mend his pridi^ 
er^ he dried his ej^, and resolved to 
lietr the loss of it Uka a man* He €&• 



aw^l^ed the rtump of the pridcer^ whic% 
lie held in his faoad, aad he fousd Uwt 
there was enough of the ^;eel left/te hk 
«havpefned agdn. He b«gan to file* it, 
as well as he cmild ; and, after tafci9|^ 
some pains, he aharpen^ it: Init he 
did not attempt to make any aum 
bdes in the hasd^ wood, lest he idioidd 
l;»ieak the pricker agahi. He sdd to 
faimsel£ — *^ Edward gare me good ad- 
me^ and I wilt now take at: I wiH 
-wait till my fiither comes home, and 
till my mother is not busy ; and then I 
witt ask them for what I want*^^/^ 

Tlie next day his father gave him a 
coik, and hk mother gave liim some 
feath^s ; and, alter several trials, he at 
last made a shuttlecock, which flew to- 
lerably well. He was eager to try it, 
and he nm to his brother Edivard, and 
showed it to him; and JSdward Paed 



^e shiitileebdc, but could Uot th^n play # 

bscattse he was learning his Latin 


. '* Well! I will have. patience till to^ 

morrow, if Z can," 6aid Frank. 

ilt.happ^ed this same evenings that 
Frank was present, when his bro&er 
Edwhrd and three of his cousins were 
idressing to act a pantomime. They 
wer^ in a great hulry. They had lost 
'the burnt coric, with which they w&e 
to blwkeii their eyebrows. They look*^ 
ed every where that they could think 
of for it, but all in vain : aiid a ine»- 
wnger came to tell them, that every 
body was seated, and that they 
must begiu to act the pantomime di- 
rectly4 They looked with stiil more 
eagerness for this cork, but it could not 
be found ; and they did not know wheie 
'to get another. . 



^ I have one ! I have ooe I I have a 
wotk ! you dhall have it is a minat^ ? 
aried the good-natured little 'BmBlk^ 
He ran up stairs directly, ptdled alt 
Hie fieathers out of iris dear shuttleeoGky 
burnt the end of the cork in the candle, 
and gave it to his friends. They did 
not know; at this moment, thai it was 
the cork of Frank's dmttlecock; lAit^ 
when they afterwards found it out| they 
were very much obliged to him; and 
when bis father heard this instance of 
his good-nature, he was much pleased. 
He. set Frank upon the table, before 
him, after dinner, when all ids friends 
v^ere present, and said to him—* 

** My dear little son, I am . glad to 
find that you are of such a generous 
disposition. Believe me, such a dispo^ 
sftion is of more value than all ike batf 
tkdores and Auitlecockt ia the w^li ; 

B 3 


<^you ' ore. welcome to as many corks 
and £mthers as you please !<— you, who 
are so willing to help your firioids in 
theip amusements, shall find that we 
are all ready and eager to assist you in 
/ Close to the garden, which Frank's 
mother bad given to him, there was a 
hut, in which garden tools and waterr- 
ing pots used formerly to be kept ; but 
it had been found to be too small for 
this purpose, and a larger had been 
built in another part of the kitdien 
garden : nothing was now kept in that 
which was near Frank's garden, but 
some old flower pots and pans. Frank 
used to like to go into this hut, to play 
with the flower pots; they were piled 
up higher than his head ; and one day, 
when he was pulling out from, the un* 
dermost. part of the pile a large |ian. 


the whole pile of fldwer pots shook 
from bottom to tdp, and one of the tip. 
permost flower pots fell down. -If 
Frsink had not run out of the way in 
an instant, it wcAiM have fidlen on his 
head. As soon as he had a little re* 
covered from his fright, he saw that the 
flower pot had been broken by the fall, 
and he took up the broken pieces, and 
went into the house, to his mother, to 
tdl her what had happened. He found 
his father and mother sitting at the table, 
writing letters: they both looked up, 
when he came in, and said — 

" What is the matter, Frank ? — ^you 
look very pale/* 

*' Because, mamma, I have broken 
this flower pot." 

** Well, my dear, you do rightly to 
come and tell us, that you broke it It 


is an accidents Hiere is bo eecasioii 
be frightened about iV" 

" N,o, mamma: it was not tliat| 
which frightened me so much. But it 
is wriiy that I did not brtok my own 
head and all the flower pots, in ' the 
garden house.* - 

Then he told his mother how he had 

attempted to pull out the undermost 

pan, and how '^ the great jnle shook 

, :ttom top to bottom." 

; , ^' It is well you did not hurt yoursdf^ 

^"^^indeed, Frank ! " said his mother. 

His father asked, if there was a kJby 
to the doOT of the hut. 

*' Papa, there is an old, ru^ty. lock, 
but no key.** 

" The gardener has the key— I will 
go for it directly," said his &ther, 
rising from his seat ; <* and I will lock 

FRANK. i 9 

ihlit door;i lest the tioy should do the 
same thing again/' 

" No, papa,'' :said Frapfc ; " I am tiot 
^0 ^il\y, as to do again what I know 
might hurt roe/' 

'* But, my dear, without doing it* on 
purpose, you might, by accident, when 
you are playing in that house, shake 
those pots, 9itd puU them down upon 
yourself. Whenever there is ahy real 
danger^ you know I always tell you of 
it. And it is much better to prevent 
any evil^ than to be sorry for it afler* 
wards. I will go this minute and look 
for the key, and lock the door,** cOnti* 
sued his lather. 

Papa," said Frank, stopping htm, 

you need not go for the key> nor lock 
the do<Hr ; for, if you desi^ me not to 
play in the . dd garden hotiise, I will 
not play there; I will not go in^ I 

10 rKAXK. 

fMmiseyou; I iirffl never even opes tht 

^' Very wdD, Frank : I <^n trust to 
fMT promise. Therefore, I want no lock 
and key— Your word is enough.* 

'' But only take care you do not 
forget^ and run in by aceidenl, . Frapk,^ 
Mid hig mother; f' as yott hqve suck f 
kaUt of going in tjiere^ you mq^ 

<< lif amnia^ i- will not Ibrget my pro- 
mise,'' said Franks 

A FEW days after tUs tiQi^ Fcaofe^ 
father and mother were walking in tke 
garden^ and they came to the dd garden 
house, and they stopped and looked, at 
the door which was a little op^n. Thfe 
dodr could not be blown open by thie 
wind^ btcaOM it stuck against the iprouAd 

^ tm^ €x»mr^ ami coidd nofc be &^j 

^I mam^ ymif mBoamBi I cBd ncrt 
fefgfet^^I did not dpGDf il}^-I did BOt gp 
in^ indeed, papa," said Erifatk. 

His father anrarered^^' We did not 
so^ck f€M of Immg c^iied tlie Aom, 

And In» fdkfaer and loother looked a( 
one another and smfled* 

His father eiUed Ifae gardener^ and 
denied tJiM he vraald not open the door 
of the old gardes hoiise ; and he 4)rdered, 
thttt none of tiie servants should ^6' in 

A ^eek passed, and ahothar w^^pass^ 
e^ and a ihird wedk passed, and again 
Frink's fifthor and Aothfer were wdk3ng 
wtbiej^dbn; and ki^ mother said«^ 

** Let us go and lock at the bid gardeq 

12 FRANK. 

His &tber and mother went togelti^; 
and Frank ran after them, rejoicing 4h*t 
herhadkept bis promiaeT^he never had 
gone into that house though he had been 
often tempted. to do so, because he had 
left there a little boat of which he . was 
very £rad. When his fiather and mother 
had looked at the door of the garden 
house, they again looked at each other, 
and smiled and said*-* . . u 

^^ We are glad to see, Frank, diat 
you have. kept your word^ and that you 
have not <^ned tliis door." 

'^ I have not opened the door, papa^'* 
answered Frank; ^^ but how do yoii 
know that hy only looking at it ? ** . 

'* You may find out bow we know it ; 
and we. had rather that you should find 
it out, than that we should teli it to 
you," said his father. 

Frank guessed^ first, that they recol- 


looted exaetljr hdw fac open the ddoir 
bad been left, and. that they saw it was 
novf" open exactly to the same place. 
Sut his father answered, tlikt this was. 
not ^he'wby; for that they could not be 
certain, by this means> that the door 
had not/been opened wider, and then 
diut Bg^ain to the same place. ' 

** Papa, you might have seen the 
mark in the dust, which the door would 
have made in opening. Was that the 
iray, papa ? " 

'^ No ; that is a tolerably good way ; 
hut the traoe of the opening of the. 
dopr might have been effaced^ that is, 
rubbed out, and the ground m%ht 
llave l|een smoothed again. There is 
another circumstance, Frank, which, 
if you observe carefully, you may dis- 

Frank took hold of the door^ and wias; 



griAg tomore it ; but IM frntber stepped 
Unhand ^^ ^ 

^* You must uot monre tlfe door^—leolc 
at it ivithont stiifrhig it.'' 

Frank looked iiarefttUy^ md then e^* 

•* IVe fotnid it but, papsi ! f v* found 
it out ! — I see a spider's weby with alt 
itt fine thin rings and spdkes, like a 
wheel/ just' at tbe top of the dbot, and 
it stretehes from the top of the doo^ to 
this post, against which the dooi^ shiits. 
New, if the door bad been t^hut or 
opened wid^, this spider's Web would 
have been crushed or broken-^ the 
ddbr could not have been shut or 
opened without breaking it— May I 
t*y, papa ? " 

^ Yes, mjrdear.'* 

He tried to open the door, and the 

spidef a w^ broke, and that ]^ ^ it. 

wWi^ hiA kmi fk^meA i» ti» door, M 
down^ and hung against the |Wt. i^;^ 

^ Yxm hftve found it out now, Vntclks, 
you 8^/' ^(ud his father. "^^ 

His pother was go^g to ask him, if 
he knew how a spider makes his wdli^ 
^t she stopped, nod did oot then ask 
\^m tbip questi^j because she saw, that 
)be w^s thiakiog oX his lU^tle hoat. 

^^ Yes, vxj deiur Fr^k 1 jou may go 
|l9to the house bow/' said his motibec, 
^* and take your little hoat." 

Frank ran in, and seizing it, hugged 
it in bis 9rtns. 

^^ My dear little boat, how glad I am 
to have you ag^in ! '- cried he : f^l wisti 
J might go to the river side this evemng, 
apd swiqEi & ; there is a fiim wind, and 
it would sail fast." 

Frank was uever allowed to go to the 
liver «de, to ssvim his boat, without W» 

c 2 


16 t^RAKK. 

feth^r or mother, or eldest brother* could 
go with hioi. 

** Mamma, will you ? " said he — ** Ciiii 
you be so good as to go with me this 
evening, to the river side, that I may 
4swim my boat ? " 

His mother told him, that she had 
intended to walk another way ; but that 
she would willingly do what he asked 


her, as he had done what she desired. 
Hb fatlier said the same, and they went 
to the river side. His father walked on 
the banks, looking till he saw a place 
where he thought it would be safe for 
frank to swim his boat He found a 
place, where the river ran in betwee;n 
two narrow banks of land ; such a place, 
Frank's father told him, in large rivers, 
is called a creek. 

The water, in this creek, was very 
shallow ; ao shallow, that you could see 


liie Band and many coloured pdbbled 
at the bottom : yet it was deep enough 
t&e Frank^s little boat to float upon it. 
Frank put his boat into the wata>-^ 
Ke launched it^-end set the sail to the 
wind; that is, turned it so that the 
wind blew against it, and drove the 
boat on. /f- 

It sailed swiftly over the smooth water, 
and Frank was happy looking at H and 
directing it various ways, by setting or 
turning the sail in different directions, 
and then watching which way it wouM 

^* Mamma," said he, after his mother 
had remained a good while, ''you are 
very good-natured to stop with me so 
long ; but I am afraid you will not have 
time to come again to-morrow ; and, if 
you cannot, I shall not have the plea- 
sure of swimming my boat.**»-Papa, the 

c 3 

18 FEANK. 

water is so very shallow here, and all 
the way along this creek^ that, if I wo$ 
to fall in J I could not drawn myself; 
and the banks are so close, that I couIA 
walk to them, and get on dry land^ 
directly* I wish, papa, you would let 
me come here whenever I please, with- 
out any body with me ; then I should 
not b^ obliged to wait till mamma had 
time, or till my brother Edward had 
done his lesson ; then I could swim my 
boat so happily, papa, whenever I 

" But how can I be sure, that you 
will never go to any other part of the 
jriver, Frank ?" 

<^ You know, papa, I did not open 
the door, or go into that garden house^ 
after you had desired me not, and alter 
I had promised that I would not ; ^nd, 
if I promise that I will not go to any 

FRANK. 19 

other part of ^ the river, you know you 
fcan helieve me." ' 

^\ Very true, Tranfc ; and, therefore, 
I grant your rej^uest. I can trust to 
your doing what I desire you to do ; 
and I can trust to your promise. You 
may come here whenever you please, 
and sail your boat in this creek, from 
the stump of tliis willow tree, as far 
tn this way toward the land as you 

' Frank clapped his hands joyfully, and 
cried, " Thank you, papa ! — thank you ! 
—Mamma, do you hear that? Papa 
has given me leave to come to this 
place, whenever I please, to swim my 
boat; for he trusts to my promise, 

*' Yes, that is a just reward for you, 
Frank," said his mother. " The being 
believed another time, and the [mng 


WMre nd more trurted» is the just ste- 
ward for having done as you said that 
jaa would do» and for having kept jrour 

^f Oh 1 thank you, mammae-thank 
you 9 papa, fer trusting to my promise ! " 
said Frank. 

'^ You ^need not thank me, my dear^ 
for believing you," said his father ; ** fyt 
i cannot hdp believing you, because you 
speak truth. Being believed, is not 
only the reward, but the necessary cqn- 
sequence of speaking truth/' 

/ Next morning, at breakfast, Fi:ank-9 
lather told him, that if all the flower 
pots were carried out of the old garden 
house, and if they were removed with- 
out being broken, he would give the 
emptf hot to Frank fer hb own. 

FRANK. 21 

.** For' my own ! ^ cried Frank, leaping 
from his diair with delight*—^' For my 
own, papa !--^And do you mean, that I 
may new roof it and thatch it?". 

If you can,** said his father, smiling. 
You may do what you please with it 
as soon as the flower pots are removed ; 
but not till then: they must all be car- 
ried to the house at the oth^r end of the 
garden, before I give you the hut How 
.will you get this done, Frank t for you 
^ire not tall enough to reach to the uf^r- 
most part of the pile yourself; if you 
begin at the bottom, you will pull them 
all down and hurt yourself, . and yoa 
would break them^ and I should not 
give you the house." 

" Papa, perhaps the gardener ■ ■ ■ * * 
" No, the gardener is busy." 
Frank looked round the break&st 
.table at bis brother Edward and at his 

S8 FflAWK. 

^^bM» c0»»fW, WiUiaiiif Charles^ ttiid 
fuecUsrick— thejr all ianfled, and innBM^ 
AiabAf said, that thej would updertdca 
to cany the flover pots for Hm» 

Tim piomeiit they had eaten their 
}imk&st» whidi they made haste to 
fy^Af they all raa out to the old gandea 
house* £dward took a wooden stool, 
mounted upon it, and handed down, 
carefully, the upperaigst 0S the gardca^ 
{K>ts to his cousins, who stood below, 
and they carried them tp ihe new gsardsn 

As all these boys helped one anot^, 
jknd worked with good will, iind in good 
order, the great pile was soon carried 
away— -so soon, that Frank was quit)^ 
surprised to see it was gone. Not one 
flower pot was broken* Frank ran to 
ti^l his &thar this ; and his father went 
mU atid Sim that tibie gardm pdts had 


bten nfi^ removed ; and Hieti h6gkf€ 
Uie house to Franks and put th§ k^r of 
it ifito his hand* 

Frank turned to his brother EAwAtd 
send his coufdhis^ and said, ^^Ed#ardy 
how good jdu and my cousins were ttf 
help me ! '* 

^ You deserved that we should dd 
this for you/' said Edward. ^ We dtf 
not forget how good-natured you W^re 
to us about the cork of your shuttlecock. 
When we were in distress, you helped 
us ; so, it was Mr that we should hdp 
ybu^ when yon wanted it.'* 

<• Yes/' said his father, « those, whor 
are ready to help others, generally find 
others ready to help them,-^This id 
Ae natural and just reward of good 

** Reward I papa," said Frank : ^ that 

imd yott wed several tijoge^ yesletdftyf 

5(4 'FRANK. 

and agbin to-day; and-- it always puts 
me in mind of tbe time^ when you gave 
me my Bewick on Quadrapeds: You 
gave it tome— ^o you remember? — as a 
regard for hciving, as you wrote in the 
book, cured myself of a foolish habit. 
I recollect, that was the first time I ever 
exactly understood the meaning of the 
word reward.^' 

** And what do you understand, 
Frank, by the word reward ? *' said his 

**Ob, papa! I know very well; for 
mamma then told me, ^ a reward is 
something we like, something we wish 

to have, something ' papa, I thought 

I could explain it better; I cannot ex- 
plain it in words ; but I know what it 

is. ^Will you explain it to me again, 


** Do you try first, if you understand 

FRANK. ^3 

wh^t it mjeans ; and if you.wUl stand 
still, and have a little patience, you wiU 
perhaps be able to find words. to ex-; 
press your thoughts. Try;, fend- do 
not look back at the dear hut ; the hut 
is there, and will not run a^ay ; yo» 
will have time enough^ all the morning 
and all the evening, to play in it, and tq 
do what you please with the roof of it. 
So, now stand still, and show me, that 
you can command your attention. for ^ 
few minutes — What is a reward ? " 

Frank, after he had considered for a 
few moments, answered : — 

** A reward is something, that is 
given to us for having done right ; no, 
it is not always a thing, for though the 
first reward that was given to me was a 
tliwg — a book — ^yet I have had rewards, 
that were of a different sort. That was 
a reward to me yesterday about the 


(Mt; Md when ym, papa^ or whrar 
itemnm praise me, that ii a mti of 

<« It is,'' said his father. 

^ Papa^ I believe,** cotitiiraed Frank, 
^* that a reWKtd is anj sort of pleasure^ 
Which i^ g^ven to us, for doing right. 
b iti papa ? " 

*• It is, my dear. Now answer m€ 
diie or two moi^e questions^ and then I 
Will reward your patienee, by letting 
you go to your hut.** 

** I am not thinking of that, now, 
pa|ia ; I will stay and answer as many 
questions as you please.** 

•* Then what do you think,** said his 
Mher, ^< is the use of rewards ? " 

^ To make me — ^to make all people 
do right, I beKere.*' 

^ True ; and how do rewardii make 
ydii, OT make otiier pec^Ie do x^bA?Z 

^Wkf-'^mT-'^ Frank paiM^ m% 
eotmierei a Itttte wh9e. 

^^ Pap4, you know I Kke» and PB 
i^hev people like to have rewaids, fae*- 
ew^e th^f are always pleasures; tmi 
when I know I am to have a rewwi)» 
or^ when I hopie ereii^ that I shall be 
rewarded for doing any right tbing, I 
wish» and try to do it ; and if I hav^ 
been rewarded once, I think I shall 1^ 
rewarded again for dmng the same sort 
of thing ; and^ therefore^ I wish to do Uu 
And eFen, if I have not had the inward 
myself, if I have seen anotifier pers^ti 
rewarded for doing something wetf, I 
think, and hope, that^ perhaps, X mnjf 
have the same, if I do the same, and 
th^t makes me wish to do it. When 
you gave John, the gardener's boy, a 
littte watering pot» because he had made 
anet &r t^e dherry trees, I Hmmhm 

D 2 

58 FRANK. 

I wished to make a net too^ because I 
hoped thrat you would gire me a water-* 
big pot ; and when mamma praised my 
brother Edward^ and gave him a table^ 
with a drawer in it, as a reward for 
keeping his room in order, I began to 
try to keep my room in better order — 
^nd you know, Edward, I have kept it in 
order, in better order, ever since. Papa, 
that is all I can think of, about the 
use of rewards*-^! cannot explain it 

♦• You have explained it as well as I 
expected that you could, Frank.— -Now 
run off to your hut, or your house, 
whichever you please to call it." 

Frank found, that there were holes 
in the thatch of his house, and that. 

«heii it laised, ike mka came ihtough 
these fades, aod wetted Mm md s|miei 
tbe things wMch he kept in his housft--?- 
tl^refore, he wished to mend the tbatdL 
JHie went to his fistther, and luked hi«^ 
if he would be so good as to give faioi 
some straw. 

His father said, that he would, if 
^rank would do something for him, 
whch he wanted to have done. 
. '' I will do any thing I can for you, 
papa," said Frank.—" What is it? •' 

^* Look at those laburnums, Frank,** 
said his father, " Do you see a number 
of blackish dry pods hang^g from the 
branches ? " 

" Yes, papa, a ^at number/' 

^ Do you kqow what those podi 
contain ? '^ 

^^Yes; little black shining seeds-r- 
the seeds of the laburnum tcee." 

j> 3 

30 FRANK. 

: '<1 want to have all those seeds, that 
I majr isow them in the ground, and 
that I may have more laburnum tree& 
Now,' Frank, if before the sun sets, tins 
evening, you bring me all those seeds, 
I will give you straw enough to mend 
the thatch of your house." 

" Thank you, papa. — I will work 
very hard, and gather them as fast as I 

^ Frank ran for his basket, and began 
to pluck the pods from the low^ 
branches of one of the laburnums. 
Soon he had filled his basket with the 
pods, and then those, which he tried to 
cram in at the top of the basket sprang 
up again, and fell over the sides ; so- be 
began to make a heap on the ground 
of the pods, which he afterwards pulled 
from the tree. When he had finished 
gathering all that he could reach froai 

FRANK* ai 

loiter branches of cme tree^ he went 
to. .the loirer branches of the next^ and 
made a heap under that tree ; and so 
i^D* There were nine laburnum trees; 
und when he had got to the ninth tree» 
and was pulling the seeds from that, he 
heard a rustling noise behind him; 
und, turning rouad, be saw Pompej^ 
the little dog, dragging the laburaiw 
seeds about in his. mouth. 

" Ob, Pompey ! Pompey ! let those 
alone ! '* cried Frank* 

But as fast as he drove him from one 
heap, Pompey ran to another, and 
scratched and scattered about the heaps 
with his feet, and snatched up the pods 
in his mouth, and scampered with them 
over the garden, while Frank ran after 
him ; till at last be caught the dag ; and^ 
in spite of Pompey 's struggling, carried 
him out of the garden, and shut tb^ doon 

When b^ had i|ittt Pompejr out, he eA* 
Iccted all l|i8 jpbds togeth^ again ; and, 
jast when he had done so, the gardener 
opened the garden door and Pompe|F 
*was squeezing in between the gardener^ 
legs ; but Frank called loud, to beg that 
the gardener would keep him out : and, 
evevy time any body opened the garden 
ii^9 Frank was obliged to watch, aii4 
to^call to them, making the same request* 
This was so troublesome, and interrupted 
him so often, that Frank thought it 
Would be better to carry his heaps of 
{)ods into his garden house, and to lock 
the door, so that Pompey could not get 
in to pull them about. Frank carried 
the heaps, dropping many pods by the 
way, and going backwards and forwards 
BO often, that this took up a great 
deal of time. He heard the clock strike 

PRANK. 38 

« Three o'clock already [ '' said. Frank 
to himself, looking at the number 
of pods, which hung on the upper 
branches of the laburnums* ** How 
much I have to do, and how little I 
have done 1 Oh, Pompey ! Pompey ! 
you don't know the mischief you have 
done me," said he, as the dbg squeezed 
hi$ way in, when the gardener again 
opened the door. ' : 

" Indeed, master,'* said the gardener, 
•* I cannot keep him out/* 

" WelL Pompey^ come in ! you can- 
not do me any more harm. Now, you 
may run snuffing about the garden, as 
much as you please, for my seeds are 
safe locked up/* 

But though the pods were safe^ yet 
it wasted Frank's time sadly, to lock 
and unlock the door every time he had 
a fresh basketful to throw into the 

94 FRANK. 

liouse ; and he was obliged to keep the 
basket hanging always upon his arm, 
lest Pompey should ' get at it. Fradc 
lost time^ also, in jutnping up and dowli 
every five minutes from the stool, on 
which he was obliged to stand to readi 
the pods from the higher brandies, and 
moving this stool from place to place 
took up time. Presently, he had ga- 
thered all that he could reach when 
standing upon th^ stool, even when he 
stood on tiptoe, and stretdied as far as 
be could possibly readi. Then there 
was time lost in fixing a step ladder, 
which his father lent to him, upon con- 
dition, that he should never get upon it, 
till he had fixed it quite steadily, and 
had put in a certain prop, all which re- 
quired some minutes to settle propeHy. 
The running up and down this ladder, 
with his basket, oontinually, as it was 

F&ANK. S5 

filled^ tired Franker and delayed him so 
mudi^ that he got on with his business 
▼ary dowly though he worked as hard 
as he could. * 

The morning passed, and the even^ 
ing came ; and^ after dinner, Frank 
jump^ from his chair as soon as the 
tablecloth was taken awaj, and said 
he must go to his work, for that he was 
afraid he should not be able to finish if 
before sunset. His brother Edward and 
his ihree cousins said, that they would 
help him, if his £Either had no objection. 
His fiither said^ that he had no objec- 
tion ; that he should be glad that they 
should hdp Frank, because he had 
worked so hard, and had been so good 
humoured when the little dog had hin« 
dered him. 

Frank ran to tht laburnum' trees, 
iUDoWed by hk brotbeif and codsins, f^ 

36 ^fiANK. 

JP¥^W* '^ ^^ weqt, he ^id-*r" NdUir 
litre shall get on so q^k! — ^ns quiddjr 
as we did when you all helped me to 
move the flower-pots/* 
. « Yes/' said Edward, '' and for the 
same reason." 

** Yes ; because there are so many 
o£ us/' said Frank. 

^' And for another reason,*' said Ed- 
ward. ..) 

" What other reason ? *' 

^' Look^ and you will see ; " said hb 

Then Edward settled, that each peN 
son should do so, that they might -each 
do what they could do best, andthot 
they might help one another, and do 
what they wanted, as quickly as tbay 
could. Edward was to stand upon the 
ladder, because he was the tallest, and 
he could reach most eauly to the iq^ 


fermost branches of the tree ; hewM 
not obligjed ta run up and clown the lad«^ 
der> to carry the seeds ; because Frank 
was appointed to collect and cmry the 
pod^ off, as fast as Edwar4 gathered, 
wd thi«w the^m ^ to the ground. Fre- 
derick and William sat on the gjhass ati 
the door of the h^it, Wh^re th|^ great 
beap had been colleeted ; and it wa$ 
Ch^rk^'s. business, to- supply them with 
p^, ffon^ which they shdled the 
seedst ; As soon as- Edward h^ finished 
pulling all the seeds fl*pm the trees, he 
JQfne4: 'Fi^friok ^nd William, and 
belped to sh^U the seeds* that is, to pidk 
them out of the pods; and as soon as 
Frank bad brought from uDd^r^eath the: 
tipees all the pods) that had been throwtir 
there, he was set to open the ppdsV 
midy for the pickers ; and Charles, ^who 
}|ad, ^by this time, brought out ^U ; that 

v6L. III. E 

St mkiftLi 

ii(«e in the hut, was now einployM 
eoMtantly in coUetiting and throwing 
into a heft^ the empty husks-^beeau^ 
it was found that tiaic* had been lost in 
sMfdiing the emptj husks, which had 
been often mistaken, ai first sii^ht 

'*Ay," said Frank, "now I see the 
oliier reason, iliat you meltnt, l^wai^)-^ 
I aee why w^ go on so iqpiidcly ali^ 
wiell ; becmise eadi person does'^eiit 
thing) and thd thing h^ can do best*-^ 
so no tinle is lost/^ 

No time was lost. And they fihish<«' 
od Hieir work, had the laburnum s^eds 
dieUed and collected in a brown paper 
bag, and all the rnblxSh and hiidcs 
cleared away, just as the sun was set* 

' ^ Here are mamttia and papa com- 

tog to see if we hare done{** cried 

Wmki '*ud we have dwe» Omi^ 

facte are the «eed«» dl read j i-*-Biit 4^ 
j€u kootiF, {]^pd/' cwtinoed . Frapk^ M 
iie {mt th^ ba^ eif aeed^ Into his fatb^ft 
hands, '* it was as much as ev^ w? 
could dd, for I lost b0 m^^ liane this 
flfMsroing. It whb aU wq <xnild dojt t# 
teake up for it this erening. Apd^ 
tfaottgh there were 90 atiaay of im^ and 
4to:^h . we aU went on as ihst a^ we 
•wuldy I am sure we should never have 
finished it in time, if we had not ma^ 
naged as we have done." 

His father ask^ him in what maoqar 
tiley had managed. Frank eiplaJMd 
«fid showed how they had divided thf 
work among themip so as to> savQtini^ 
His filths told hiro» thdt manufacturers 
and workmm. Who are obliged fe 4P 
a great deal of wevk in a irtMNri ttofif 

£ 2 

«0 i?liA^IS 

hImtW}^, if they aye- wi^^ help onie m^ 
Mb€^r» atid 3iiv& tim^ in the same man- 
Mr/ that he and his brother and cousais 
Ifed done. ••And this," added he, 
burning to Edward^ •' this is what ife 
trfidd the dmsion of labour'' 

^' In Hiaking this pin,'' continued he^ 
taking a pin from Frank's mother*-— 
•• In making a pin, eighteen diflSsreift 
wdrkmen are emt^c^ed. In a oawiii^ 
factory- for making pins, each work** 
men does that part which he can d# 
-best. One man draws out the wire, of 
which the pins are made ; another 
'straightens it ; a third cuts it ; a fourth 
^nds it at the top,- ready to receive th^ 
lieads. 'J'o make the heads requires the 
different work of two or three men. 
'Another man's business is to put on the 
^heads ; anoiher^s, to sharpen the points ; 
^nd sticking tbo pins in the papers is a 

bipip^flfi bar |ts^ Now (me woF}|:iiia?>ar 
i£ lie w#8 ta try to make a pio, witlifM|itr 
smy assistance from others, could not, 
pp^bly, make a single pin ; certainly 
Imi would no^ be aUe to make twenty: 
in a day. But with even nine noen te 
assist him, dividing the labour amongst 
them, as I have described to you, they 
cf#Id all together make forty^eight 
tlHNy^nd pins iq a dflQr ; so that each of 
tlne^ten mmi m%ht be reckoned to make 
fimr thousand eight hundred pins.^ 

" Ten men make fortyneight thou« 
sand . pins in a day ! " cried Frank : 
^ AUid one man four thousand eight 
hundred pins ! — O papa ! is this 

" Yes, I believe it is truej^" said his 
father. " When we go in, your brother 
Edward shall read to us an aoecwHt of 
■ . -bS' 

44 FRANK. 

tMs, if te Mes it, from the book-*tK 
^MMii I read: it.*-^But, Frank, to<^ 

* ** I have seen a small manufactory of tbi^ 
kind " (viz, of pin making)^ *^ where ten men 
qii}y MTfix^ emi^oyed, . and whece some . of tbenij 
consequently, peiformed two or three iav^is^ 
operations. But, though they were very poor, 
and, therefore, but indiflerently accommodated 
with the necessary machinery, they could, 
Wlieti tbey exerted tliemMl^efi, make, amoi^ 
t&em^. ^ut twelve . pounds of pipas in a.c)^^. 
~ There ace, in a pound, upwards of four thous^md 
puis of a middle size. Those ten persons, 
therefore, could make upwards of forty-eight 
liiousand pins in a day. Each person, there- 
fore, making a tenth part of forty-eight thousand 
^ins,' niight be considered as making four 
thousand eight hundred pins in a day. But, if 
they ^^d all wrought separately and independ- 
ently,' and without any of them having been 
educated to this peculiar business, they cer- 
taiidy^ooqldnot each of them .have made twan« 
ty, perhaps not one jpiu a day ; that is, cer- 

FRANK. 4* 

whafe comes here!" added hb father, 
{muting lo a labourer, who now came 
iAto the gatden with a great bundle of 
9^aw — ''* Where would you liRe to have 

-Frank chose to have it in his garden 
hduse ; and hi& father ordered, that it 
should be put there. Then Frank 
thanked his .brother and cousins for 
|le^)ing him so kindly; and he said, 
Ikat he thought he should never forget 
the advantage c^ the dwision of labour. 

^ Some,, tinie ago, Frank had told his 
father that he would persevere in try- 

r •* 

trnHj, not thtt two hundred and fortieth part of 
what they are at present capable of performing^ 
in consequence of a proper division and combination 
(tf their different operations,"— /SmtVAV Wealth of 
NaihM, vel. i« page 6, quarto editioii. ■ 

4# FMMK. 

ipg to le^rn ti^ Ks^ <hj«l ti« «ig^^ >)Ni/ 
hW to emplpf.W^ to Wt^Ftein j^i^^r^ 
self* H^ cUd.9s be 8m4 thf^ he woi44i. 
do* Hf3 p^nwer^, titi be bad k8rDf4«' 
to read quite easily. Then he re^4m ^9' . 
bQtikfi» wHcb bfs motber leiit Mm*. 9c- 
cou»ta of the caoiel ; of which, evm: 
since he hftd ieen tbe print of it« hf$ had 
wished to bnow the history. He i«iid 
also entertaining m:»ovnts of the d^ 
p|iant» and of many other animals^ 
In the books, which were lent ta binit, 
he read only what he could undei^- 
stand ; when he came to any thing, that 
be did not understand^ be Hsked his fa- 
ther or mother to exjdain it to Mm* 
If they had not time to attend to him^ 
or to answer his questions^ he went on 
to some other part of the book, which 
be could understand ; or he left off reid^ 
ing, and went to do sometbuig dse. 

#RANK. 45 

Wh^ri^verJie felt tired of reading, op 
whenever he wanted to hear or see 
something, that was going on in the 
toom with him, and found that he cotild 
not attend to what he was reading, he 
ial ways shut the book, and put it away 
«— *he never kept a book before him 
wheti he was ti^d or sleepy,- or when he , 
was thinking of soniething else. W' 

So Frank became very fond of read- 
ing. He could now ^ employ himself 
happily on rainy days, when he could 
not run about out of doors, or when he 
had no one ^ to talk or to play with in 
the house. At night, when the candles 
came, and when all the rest of the family 
began to read, Fralik also could read ; 
and he said—* 

*• Papa, now I am as happy as you 
Are, when the candles come !^-^Thank 

49 Si)Al«^ 

yoUj, mammap for teiichupg jm <» 

His mother |;ave him a booki i!|i||i4 
'' n^ Boak of Tradf»:' Wbep s^ gii«f 
it to htm, she said to him*—* 

'* Frank, ther^ ^e many p^rts <^ %\f^ 
bode, whkh jrou . cannot yet ux^^o^r 
stands but yoti will, I thinkj^ be 919^ 
tertained by looking over the prints fif 
the men. and woii|en» at work a| ti}^ 
different trades, ^nd you wiU und^ 
stfmd some of the descriptiom ^ wb||( 
tbey are doing." 

Frank thanked h^ mother, ^nd \4 
Jooked ov^ all the prints in the foiir Y#f 
kimes of this book. He looked %t enf^ 
print carefully, ^pd examined ^i^eif 
thing in it before he turned ovet .thf 
leaf, to look for another. Hf was 
l^leased irit|| the priRt of th^ $b«P#ft 

mdti^ cflAlAes ; Und of 1^ shoemakclt^ 
making nhMs^; and of. the turner^ turn*- 
iBgr^t hiB Iflithe ; Btid 6f the rope-^tnaker, 
making, ropes ; atxi of the weaver, 
woiMng at Ui loom. After lie had 
looked at these prints^ -he read some of 
iht^ e^tplanations ' and descHpHons, in 
k<^d that N he should be better aWe to 
tfm^enrtahd^hte prints. - He began with 
^e ehalit&I^r, who, as' his mother told 
kkh^ %*^ p4r^n ^hb makes candles r 
and Frank was curioils to know hbw 
candles are madfe. But. there were 
ae^c^al Wbrd^; iit this "account of candle-^ 
making; i»f' whil^ ht did not know the 
meaning ; and ' there was one whole 
sentence, about bales of cotton perform- 
mgi qu^HMine^ wbid^ puzzled' -^him 
sadly; Hts mother IfxplaiRed to hini 
ifrverat of tife ^ords^ which he did not 

4& PRANK.^ 

uttderttend ; but «be told btq», that 4ies 
could not then eicpl^iii to hioa i¥h«t WM 
meantr by t^rfurming quarajtfinc ; amt 
that he could ; underhand bojve candles 
wevemade, without having tbi^ sentiMX^ 
explained to him. . 

. '' Mamma/' said Enmklin^ '* I do wm 
know pv^ty wdl bow thejr are made,* 
but I think I should und«r|»tand it all a 
great deal better, . if I wese to ae^ it 
done-^Mammai I wish I cpuld . see 
somebody makiqg candl^" ' 
. A few <ilays afterwards^ Fraiik's mo-: 
ther called him to her>^ and told him» 
that the cook was going to make sovie 
candles--i-*< Should you like to see tb^ 
made* Frank ? " 

** Yes, very much indeed!'* sai^.^^i^: 
'? thank you, mamma, for calUag me.'* 

Then his mother took - him to the 

FRANK, ^9, 

#6ofii^ where the cook was preparing to 
make mould^ candie»s. The first thing 
be saw was a large saucepan, which the 
cook, had taken off the fire to cool. 
Frank' asked wliat was in the saucepan. 
He was told, that it was full of melted 
TDutton suet. Some suet, which had not 
been melted^ was shown to him ; he said» 
that it looked like cold fat ; and he was 
'told, that this suet was the fat of mutton. 
The next thing, which Frank saw^ 
was a wooden- framci or stand, about 
the height of a common table. In this 
stand were a number of round hoks^ 
through each of which hung a tube, or 
hollow pipe, of pewter^ the size of a 
candle. These hollow pipes were ta-, 
per ; that is, narrower at one end than 
at the other, and growing narrower and 
narrower by degrees. The largest ends 
were uppermost, as the pipes hung in. 



ihe frame ; so that they looked like the 
sliapes of candies, with the part that is 
usually lighted hanging downwards: 
at the narrow end, these' pewter tubes 
were made iii the shape of the top of a 
tallow candle, before it is lighted. 

*^ Mamma! I know what this 4s!'* 

cried Frank ; ** and I know what it is 

for. It is the same -sort of thinff, which 

I saw in the print of the tallow chand^ 

ler, in the Book of Trades. These pipes 

are the moulds, in which the candles 

are to be made ; the melted stuff, the 

melted suet, is to be poured into this 

open mouth, and it runs all the way 

down, down^— Then it is left io cool, 

and then it is pulled out, and the can- 

die is made — ^this broadest end is the 

bottom of the candle, which is to go 

into the candlestick, and this narrow 

end the top*—- it is hangings * upside 

f &ANK. H 

^owQ.iioiirr*-You see I understimd H alli 
mamma !" 

'^ Stay;; Frank ; do not be in sueh a 
hurrj; do not be too quick. You do 
not understand it all, yeU You have 
not observed or di3covered some thing8» 
in these moulds, which are necessary to 
be known ; and you have forgottei^ thiQ 
most material part of a candle.'' 

'^ What can that be» mamma ?— -Tell 
me, pray." 

^* I would rather that you should 
think, and find it out for yourself, 
Erank.- _____ 



Fbank considered a little, and then 
answered — 

** Mamma, I have thought of every 
thing, and I can think of nothing else. 
Here are the moulds, and the melted 
grease, to be poured into the 

r 2 


6^ FRANK. 

mouldy to make the candle. — ^What caii 
be wanting? 

'* How would you light the candle ? 
said his mother. 

'' "By the wick, to be sure ! — Oh ! the 
wick !— -I forgot the wick ! Where 
is the wick ?— What is the wick made 

" It is made of cotton — Look here, 
master ! '^ said the cook, showing him a 
ball of coarse cotton. 

"And how do you get this cotton 
into the middle of the candle ?** 

" That I will show you, sir," said the 

She then took one of the candfe 
moulds out of the wooden frame, id 
which it hung; and Frank looked at 
the narrow end, which had hung down- 
wards, and he saw, at the bottom, a 
little hole ; and he said-^ 

^^ Here is a little hote; ihis trnrt be 
stopped, or else all the melted tallow 
will run through it. Shall I stop it up 
with this Ht of paper, mamme ?-*-*! 
will" roll it up» and make a stopper^ 
shaU I ? '' 

'' N05 thank you^ master I'' said tb^ 
Gook — ^* You shall see how I will stop 
it up." 

Then she doubled the cotton^ whkh 
s)»e held in her hand ; and she eut off as 
much as would reach from one end of 
the candle mould to the other, and a 
little more. Then she put the cotton, 
just where she had doubled it, in at the 
broadest end of the mould, and she let 
it fall ail down the pipe, to the small 
hole, at the narrow end; and by 
means of a wire, she drew the cottcm 
through the hole, leaving a k>op of cot- 

V 3 

54 F&ANK. 

toii^ as lortg as that which is cominonly 
seen at - the wick of a tallow candleF 
which has not been lighted. Then she 
stuck a peg of wood into the little hde ; 
this peg, together with the cotton, 
which had been put through the hole, 
stopped it up completely, so that none 
of the melted tallow could run through 
it. She next tied the other ends of the 
cotton together, and put a small bit of 
wood like a skewer, through the loop^ 
which she had made by tying the cot- 
ton together.— ^This skewer lay aeross 
t)ie broad end of the mould, and fitted 
into two nc^ches, in the outer rim of 
the mould, at opposite sides. The cot- 
ton was now tight in the mould, from 
top to bottom— Frank looked into the 
mould, and saw that it was so« 
• *VCook^ why are you so careful> to 

FRANK. 55 

mak^ the cotton tight, and to put it 
just in the middle of the mould?" said 

' ^* That the wick of m^ , (handle may 
bfe in the middle,'* said the cook. * " In 
good candles, the wick must alwajrs be 
in the middle/' j 

' When the cook had put cotton in 
the same manner into all the moulds, 
she was ready to pour the melted tal- 
low in theVn. Frank wb^ afraid, that 
the tallow had grown cold, because the 
saucepan, in which it was, had been 
taken off the fire some time. But the 
cook said, it was quite warm enough ; 
that it would not make good candles, if 
it was very hot. As Frank now went 
close to the large saucepan, he saw 
that there was a smaller saucepan with- 
in side of it. ' The smaller saucepan 
held the melted tallow ; and, between 

66 FRANK. 

the large and the smaller sauGepan, the 
8|iace was filled with water : both at the 
sides and at the bottom, between the 
small and the large saucepan, there was 
water. Frank asked the reason of 

The cook answered — ^ Master, it 19 
to hinder mf tallow from burning, or 
being made too hpt ; which would spoi( 
it, as I told you." 

^ But how does the water hmder the 
tallow from being made too hot; for 
the water is hot itself, is not it ? " 

*^ It is, master ; but still it keeps 
the tallow from being too hot — I can*i 
say how ; but I know it is so^ and I al* 
ways do it so/' 

^* But I ask the reason— I want to 
know the reason-— mamma^*' said Frank. 

*^ I will endeaTour to . ^plain the 
"^asoii to you soue othev time^ my 

FRANK. ^t 

dear/' said his mother ; " but, first, let 
us look at what the cook is d^ing, that 
you may not miss seeing how candles 
are made." 

Frank looked, and he saw the cook 
replace all the pewter moulds, in the 
wooden frame, with the narrow ends 
downwards, and the broadest ends up- 
permost; and into the open moiith of 
the broadest end which was uppermost, 
she poured, carefully and slowly, the 
melted tallow, from the spout of the 
saucepan, into each of the candle 
moulds. She poured it not over the 
cotton, at the top, but on each side of 
it, f.o as to leave the cotton, and the 
skewer, that was put through it, stand- 
ing above the grease, when the mould 
was filled nearly to the top. When 
this was done, the cook said, that they 
inust leave the tallow to cool : and that 


it would be some time before it coidd be 

Frank went away with his mother^ 
and he asked her if she eoiild now 
answer the question about the hot 
water. But just then his father called 
her, and she had not time to answer 

She was busy all the rest of the 
morning, and Frank went to his garden^ 
and worked in it ; when he was tired 
of working, he trundled his hoop upou 
the walk, and kept it up till he was tired 
of running after it. — It began to rain, 
and then he went into the house, and 
learned, by heart, some of the multipli-^ 
cation table, which his mother had 
desired him to learn. 

Some company dined^ this day, with 
his father and mother ; and his mother 
could not talk to him again^ till after 

FRANK. 59 

ihe eothpany- had gone away, in the 
evening,— Frank was glad when the 
company was gone, and when his mo- 
ther had again time to attend to him. 

The next day, Frank asked his mo- 
ther to take him to look at the candles ; 
he said, that he hoped the cook had 
not taken them out of the moulds, for 
he wished to see that done. . The cook 
had. not taken then out \ for his mother 
had desired^ that she should not do this 
till Frank should be present.— The first 
thing the cook did was to pull out the 
pegs, which she had stuck between the 
cotton of the wick into the little holes, 
at the smallest end of the moulds : then 
she took hold of the cotton loop, through 
which the bit of stick had been put^ at 

60 FRANK. 

the larger end of the mouldy and she 
drew it up genUy ; and with tbecottoi^ 
pame the tsXhw, out of the mouldy ii^ 
the shape of a candle ; and as it came out 
Frank exclaimed, 

'* It is a re^l candle, indeed ! 
Shall we light it, mamma ?" 

" Not yet, my dear. It is not hard 
enough. It must be hung up for* two 
or three days, before it will be fit to be 

The cook drew all the candles out of 
the moulds, and she bung them up to 

••Well, now, mamma, I have ob- 
served carefully all that has been done \ 
and I have not been too quick, have I ? 
I have learned something accurately, 
as you say Now I know how to make 
candles ! '* 

" You havfe 9een how candles are 

FRANK- !6\ 

Qiade ;' that is, you have seen how 
mould candles are made. These ai*e 
called mould candles, because they are 
made in a mould ; but there are other 
ways of making candle^." r 

^* Yes, I remember the man in th^ 
Book of Trades says, that there are dip- 
ped candles, as well as mould candles." 
. •* Yes, master," said the cook ; " the 
dipped candles are made by dippings 
the wick into the tallow^ then letting 
it dry, and then dipping it again in th^ 
tallow ; and every time more and more 
sticks to the candle; and it is left to 
dry, between every dipping ; till, at last, 
it k the size the candle should be, > * 
Then, besides, dipped candles, and mould 
candles, there are rushligiits, master; 
such as the poor people use here, in their 
cottages, you know." 

"I do not know," said Frank-— ^^ 


••Tiell in^; what are rushlights? Are 
tiiej made of rushes ? ** 

'' Yes, sir." 

^ Oh ! tell me how they ard made ! ^ 

" If I can, I will take you this even- 
ing to the cottage of that good-natured 
cdd woman, who showed you her spin* 
ning wheel,*' said Frank's mother ; ** and 
I will ask her to show you how rush- 
lights are made.'' 

** Thank you, mamma.— Are there any 
other sorts of candles ? " 

•* There is another sort, which you have 
teen ^ and that is not made of tallow.^ 

* I recollect^— wax candles, mamma.** 

** They may be made nearly in the 
same manner, that dipped tallow can*^ 
dies are made^-^^nly, that melted wax 
is poured over the wick, instead of the 
wick being dipped into the wax.— Trtie 
wax tandle is rolled upon a smooth 

table^ to laake it smooth aiid retf9d^«» 
There are other ways of maki^ wseh 
candles; but I will not tell you mf 
move, at present, lest yoi^ should i}ot jbe 
able to remember all that you hav^ seeQ 
and heard." 

**But, mamma, tdl me one thing 
more/' said Frank, and. he followed his 
mother up stairs. ''Wax, J know is 
made by bees, and wax candles are nuide 
of wax ; but there is another kind of 
wax candle, or oT candle, that looks like 
wax. It has a long, hard name, which 
I cannot remember.'' 

« Do you mean spermaceti ? " 
" Yes — spermaceti — What is that ? ** 
'' Spermaceti is a fatty substanca 
prepared from the brain of a species 
of whale— You have seen the print of 
a whale, and have read an account of a 
whale ? •• 

Gr 2 


• * \ \ 

- *^ Yes J— the great fish-^the? largest 
of fishes-— I remember.— I never should 
have guessed, that candles were made 
from any part of a fish. — ^Mamma, what 
a number of things we must know, be*'' 
fore we can know well how any one 
thing is^ made or done.'* 
' ** Very true, my dear little boy ; and 
I am glad to see, that you wish to ac-^ 
quire <x get knowledge." 

His mother could not talk to him 
any more this morning, but, in the 
evening, she called him, and said — 
" Now, Frank, you may walk with your 
father and me to Mrs. Wheeler's cot- 

**To the good-natured old woman's? 
O ! t am glad o^ that, mamma ! ^ said 

F|IAMK. 61 

He ran fo hk bat, and be waa raid j 
in an instant ; for he was happy to ga 
with 1h8 father and mother. It wi» a 
fine evaaing, and the walk was plei^ 
sant, through prettjr paths^ in gr^ea 
fields; and there was several ttileii 
which Frank liked to get over. He 
showed his fiitber how quicklj he could 
get over them. 

^< Lfook* papa^ how wdl I cm Jump I 
how I can vault over this stile ? - ■ '^ 
You kodw^ you said,- that men ought 
to be active— ^Now» papa> am not I 
active J" 

Frank ran on, without waiting for 
an answer ; and he raa til} he came to 
a riTulet» ac little river^ or brookt whick 
ciossed the path. There he stopped,, 
and stood stiU^ for there was only a nar^ 
row plank, or board, across the stream ; 

and (ihe band rail, bjr which Frank vied 

s 3 

66 FRANli. 

to hold when he walked over, had been 
4u*oken^ since he had last been at this 
place. The rail had fallen into the 
water, and there was nothings by which 
Frank cowld boId.-^His father and 
mother came up to him. 

** Frank/* said his father, *' what is 
the matter? You look very melan- 

." Yes, papa ; because I ani afraid 
we must tarn back. — We cannot go 


i •• Why not, my dear ? " 

*' Look at this broken bridge, 

'' Broken hand rail of a bridge, you 
mean, Frank. The bridge is not bro* 
ken. This plank is as broad and as 
strong, as it was before ; and you know 
you have walked over it safely— You see 
it will bear ray weight : and I am mu«b 

PRANK. 67 

leaner than you are,'- said his father^ 
standing on the plank, 

- ** Yes, papa ; so I see-^" 

** And you see/' said ^^ his father^ 
Walking over the bridge, " you see, that 
I can walk over it, though there is no 
hand I'ail.'' ' 

' " Yes, papa, so I see," said Frank ; 
but ne stood still, without attempting 
to follow bis father; 

" Come on, my boy,'* said his fa- 
ther ; ^* unless you mean to stand there 
all night." 

• ^* No,, papa--*- ^Yes, papa—— — 

Mamma, will you go first ? " 

• His mother Vent over the bridge ; 
still Frank felt afraid to follow; but 
when hia father said, '' Men ought to 
be ' brave-— Boys should conquer . their 
fears/'-*-Frank tried to conquer his 
fear; and be put his foot upon the 

6s FRANK. 

bridge« and hi$ father held put Im haM 
to him, and he walked on, slowly at fi|9ft 
and quicker jaflerwards, till b9 got 
quite across. Then he said, 

^ Papaji I will go back agaip^ aii<i^ 
do it better/' 

He went back again, and walked 
quite stoutly over the plank ; his fether 
holding his hand. And then he said,, 

'* Papa, I will do it without hoiUlDg 
your hand." 

So he did^^^And be went backwards, 
and forwards two or three times, till hQ. 
had quite conquered his feaiSi^^Then 
he felt glad, and pleased with himself, 
especially when his mother smiled niion 
him, and said, 

** That is right, Frank, my deai^**« 
This puts me in mind of a liitle boy, 
who conquered his fear, as you have 

FRANIt. 69 

J ti ^jjQ ^j|g iSx^iy mamma ? " 

" A little boy who wa» younger 
than you are." 

** Was it a real boy, mamma ? 

And is it a true story ? " 

" It is a time story of a real boy — 
He was about five years old.'' 

" Much younger than I am ! '* cried 
Frank — "Well, mamma/* 
- ^ When this little boy was taken to 
the sea shore, to be bathed, for the first 
time in the sea, he was afraid, when he 
saw the wave df the sea coming, and 
when he felt it going over him." 

" So should I have been. I dare say 


** But he was ashamed of having been 
afraid, and he was determined to con- 
quer his fear ; and he turned to the sea 
and said, * Wave, do that again !— 

70 FRANK^ 

Wave, come over me again ! 'i^ind 
ibfi next time he showed no fear/* 

" What was the name of the hoj^ 
mamma ? and who were his father and 
mother ? " 

^* I cannot tell you their namesi my 
dear; but I can tell you that the boy 
IS son to the greatest general^ the 
greatest hero, in England." . 

'' The greatest hero~Oh ! theu I 
know who he is, mamma/' 

When they came to Mrs. Wheeler's 
cottage, Frank's father went into a 
fields near the house, with the old wo- 
man's son, to look at a fine crop of oats ; 
and Frank's mother tQok him into th^ 
house, wha:^ they found IMrs. Wheeler 

PRANK. 71 

getting ready her grandson's supper. 
She stopped doing what she was about 
when she saw Frank and his mother. 
She looked glad to see them, and said — 
•* You are welcome, madam— -you're 
welcome, master; be pleased to sit 
down.'* Then she set a chair for wia- 
dam^ and a little stool for master^ and 
she swept the hearth quite clean ; and 
she called to a little girl, of about six 
years old, who was in the room^ and 
bid her run to the garden, and gather 
some strawberries, and bring them in 
for Frank. Frank thanked this good- 
natured old woman ; but he said— • 

*• I did not come to beg strawber*- 
ries; and though I Idve strawberries 
very much, I do not wish to have any 
of yours, because I believe you have 
but very few for yourself.— What I 

72 FRANK. 

want you to do for me is to show m^ 
how you make rush candles." 

« That I will with pleasure, mas^ 
ter," said Mrs. Wheeler. 

" But, Mrs, Wheeler^ Jfir^t finish 


what you were about, when we came 
in," said Frank's mother—" I believe 
you were getting ready your supper." 

" It is George's, my grandson's sup- 
per, madam.*' 

*« Then it is not fair, that your 
George should lose his supper, because 
my Frank wants to see rushlights 
made," said Frank's mother, smiling* 

<* That is true," said Frank. " And 
I dare say, that her George, mamma, 
will be very hungry when he comes in ; 
for I saw him working hard in the 
fields — and I am always very hungry, 
when I have been working hard— ^ 

FRANK. 73 


Prlty, Mrs. Wheeler, finish getting 
ready George's supper— I can wait, ^s 
long as you please; and I wish I could 
do something for you, as you are going 
tado something for me— Let me carry 
those sticks to the fire«^I can do that 
—and you may go on with your cook- 

" God bless you! master," said the 
old woman ; *^ but this is too great a 
load for your little arms/* 

« Let me try," said Frank. 

** Yes, let him try,'* said his mother : 
** he loves to be useful.'' 
' " And I am useful, too !" cried Frank, 
carrying the great bundle of sticks to 
the fire. 

His mother began to show him how 
to put them on the fire—- 

V But,'* said she, " some of these 

VOL. iiu H 

^ ^et, fmi thej M^U no( ^ra r£f- 

f 4y/' 9fi^ pxe old ^oroap, " J mp 
^l4d ^4^ is }i ypt l^Hpdle-r-J |;ook it 
flXHO^ ;())e wrong pl^ce: ycrndprt W tljJ* 
4?9pppf , ^ qUtJjp dry faggaU"' 

gof^ before, and he did not hear it ^il^fp 
pjlfdf]^ pow ; ]bmt he ^w what ]the old 
wfnifaii meant, jbfapafiai^ she pointed to 
the place where the £^gpt3 |fiy. So 1^ 
ran directly ^ ^^ptb^ bun()]je of sticks, 
^jffk ^ Q#ri1^ it toward the ^rei and^ 
throwing it dow|[^ jiii^slde. his P^Qt)|er» 

" Tfrer^ Wf^WP?, tfiere's ppotfe^ 
maggoty and a dry maggot for you I '' 


Ifii^gMng, iHth ikst ttrms iSdmhs^ ^ Ldrd 
bless him ! dd&^t te kHfot^" the diflR^lffiBee 
betwixt a niiBtggot ttnd tf ftiggot ? " 
'< Whdt i» the ditfi»rerice>'* said 

'' Why, master ! — a flM^^t !-^Ixxrd 
h^Ifj U^P'-^be 4M ^otnfan bcfafta, as 
well S^ She Muld ^ik; wfa&e* she iM 

^< Mamfttia/* said Fnnk^ irtrniog to 
his inoth^r^ ^* Mabiida, I wtrutd rather 
you would t6ll me ; bemuse yM will tell 
m6 withMit laugfiiBg tft iaeJ' 

The old wofnafti,' whc^ saw Ibat Fratfk 
did not like to be laUgked at; biit wb6 
cbuld ti6t sto^ h^fTsdf^ ttfftied h^f' hsitk, 
thui he might tfOt see her ; but he siiw 
her sided dhakiDg all th6 time his mctther 
itras exfUfBiiFlAg ta him the dilE^ilCfe 
between maggot ittiA faggot. 


76: iJRANK. 

** A maggot is a small worm; and a 
feggot is a bimdle of sticks/' 

" Yes, mamma,'' said Frank. 

" Well, Frank, now I Iii^ve told you, 
can you tell me, what is a maggot and 
what is a faggot ? " 

** A maggot, mamma, i a i ■■ ■ Mapima, 

I did. not hear— I could not attend to 

what you said, because——*' 

< The old woman walked out of the 

room, and stood laughing in the passage. 

** Mamma/' whispered Frank, *' I 
shall not call Mr^. Wheeler my good* 
natured old woman any more, because 
sbe is laoghing at me." 

** Then, Frank, I am afraid I cannot 
call you my good-humoured little boy 
any more. — What harm does, her laugh- 
ing do you, Frank ?— Let us see, has it 
broken any pf your hones ? " 

« No,* s^ Frahk> Sinllittg: * &lt f 
don't like to be laughed at ififietN^ 
€^pedSliy ftr Hdt Kn<>#in^ ahf ihihig." 

^Thenf; Co tfvdd htikg I^^hed M 
again for the same thing, had not ydfl 
better l^rfj f Ii4> ^liich ybti did dot 

" I had.Ji-N6wi tinlariiifta," ^od Frafik,' 
turning hii back to the adot, M thKt 
he cpuld no Idnger sefe Mrs. Wheefer-i- 
" Now, if you t^n be so good to tdl 
me a^in, t will attend,- if I j^x^sibly 
cSfS; but I was so miith dsham^, 


*' My da&t," said hb mother; '* ifetsfe 

• - 

is ndthinlf shdmefut ifa not kno^ng t^ 
mea^iilihg (St #tff dsf, which you nevfef 
heaitd Bfefore. When f&d have niot doiie 
aiiy thing wrong 6t fdolishfy ifb^h imvA 
being laughed at^ idktx i^uld l(6tet 



mind being laughed at for a tnfling 

•* Mamma, I will never inind*-«TeU 
me now, and I will shftw you I never 

His mother repeated to him the ex- 
planation of the two words; and as 
soon as he knew this, he ran to the 
door, and called out very loud — 

** A maggot is a small worm, and a 
faggot is a bundle of sticks!— You need 
not laugh any more^ Mrs. Wheeler ! ** 

*^ Ob, master ! I ask your pardon-* 
I will not laugh any more— I was very 
rude-i-I ask your pardon— But ^Tm^ 
foohph, and could not help it — I hope 
you are not angry, master.-^I hope,'* 
said Mrs. Wheeler, coming back into 
the kitchen, and curtsying, ^'you arQ 
not angry, madam?'* 

FRANK. 79 

** Mamma is not angry at all/* said 
Frank ; " and I was only a little angry ; 
and it is over now— Come in, come in,** 
said he, pulling her by the hand, ^' and 
look how well th^ fire is burning, that 
I and mamma-^thiat mamma and I 

** Bless your little soul ! that forgives 
and forgets in a minute," said the old 
woman — " I wonder Hannah is not in 
with the strawberries." 

** I don't want the straw;berries, yet,V 
said Frank ; ** you have not put the pot 
on the fire, to boil the supper for George 
—Won't you put it on now ? '* 

Mes. Whseleb put the pot on, 
and, while the supper was boiling for 

80 pfeAiflt. 

George; she shb\<retl Fteiifc how to 
make rushlights; First, stie took dawii 
from a hobk, on which they^ huiig, i£ 
bundle of rushes — ^Ptent Had sefeftf 
rushes gridwihg, iti d field iiekt his 
father's house ; atid fie Irad gathered 
some of them, and had peeled them i 
and he knfew, that, ifi the itiside of t^e 
riish, there is a white soft substainfcei 
called pith. But When he had aCtenipted 
to peel rushes, he had always beeti d 
great While about it, and he bad Seldom 
been able to jieel morie than ^bdbt the 
lehgth of his finger of iHe takh with- 
out breaking the white pfth, lMlr£ 
Wheeler, in an instant, stripped the 
rush of its thick gt^^lf outside, all ex- 
cept one narrow stripe, or rib' of green, 
wTiich she left to support IK^ ibft p5m ; 
and she peeled, without breikiii|: k. 

the whole length of the pith coutained 
in the rusb> which was almost as long 
as Frank's arm. 

'* Can you guess^ Frank, what part 
of a candle this rush is to be?" said 
his mother. 

Frank thought for a little while, and 
then answered^ that he supposed the 
rush would be made into the wick of 
the cai^dle* and that it would serye in- 
stead of the cottony which he had secfu 
used by the cook in making mould 

. ** Yes» master^ you have guessed 
right,** saidJVf rs. Wheeler- 
Then she brought from a comer near 
the fire a gresset, or small pan, in 
which there was melted grease. Frank 
gave the rush to her to dip into it;: hut 
she said, that it would not make a good 
rush candle^ because it had not been 

feft Itf Aiy f^ Mfirie' days. S^ i«iif 

which hung up in a prea^j Hy thiti ra*e- 
^de. This, #hich had htW^. tftt^, as 
she said^ Ibi* two or three' dtcf§, wil^ 
drier and less white, than Ihtii i¥h«SS 
had been fVes'hly ^e6i She dr6>ir the 
r(Mi tbroiigh tlte indted ^rfeetdg, ittfi) 
she said— 

*' I« will t^ toa^^SnA fit ti^ tiiHl, M 
Hboni fite minutes." 

In abdut fite minutes it w^ t&dH^ 
and the old woman lighted it, and it 
buhied ; biit th^re was so mucU day- 
light in the rootH, as the-»tetting ^un 
ilrm shining fifll upon tm irmdcHtn ihat 
the ligm of the ^ihall rusih csthdle boiild 
scartely be seed. Therefore Mfs.WhecfJef 
iodk. it idto another r6dth, at the 6pp(t' 
^ side «f the kbbat!, irbtstt iht kHA 
didbo)tiihliN'etthfi»«i)«i; lte>^iHH!& 

she had shut the shuUdS9» the (lasae of 

the fiiM;^ w^f^ ptewto^ sm^. Frank 
obsenred, that this mufti candle ctid not 

gi^f »<8«ly JV> mii<^ ligbt^ M a thick 
tallow f^^# i$4. Mrs, Wfaeder si$id> 
tfajBjt fil^f iC9}44 ^ .^QF^ to Iwy taHow 
f^a^o^^ 9ften» mwI Ifeat these rM$h]igkt9 

that» aift#r ^le h^d h^m a littje .vhite in 
(bis p)#Ra, ;hp j^Qfild «j^ Oie t^jw^ to it 
b(s|^ tjlji^ he did f^tien the shutters 
Wm fe»t <^fm^ »pd lyfeen his eyes 
had been dazzled bj tl^^ ^osj^ii^.. ^|e 
^4ff Wpi??sd jtp fi^^, tl^it he jcould 
n^ Pitt tljip v^ds M *h^ feWttoipn of » 
prifil;, ^ yi^i t^ d4 w<«?>W hsW^he 

"MaoMM, I ^MJ^ sc9f»ely ape it 
tiS^, ftnd Hpw I «m see i( cp^ 

8* FRANK. 

ife read aload—- 

'' For want of a nail^ the shoe was lost ; 
For want of a ahoe» the hone wai^losl." 

Just as Frank got to ** the. horse. X0af 
last/* the rushlight was burnt out. 

** Oh !— Is the candle gone so soon ? *• 
cried Frank. *' Mamma/' continued 
Frank, turning to his mother, whilst 
Mrs. Wheeler opened the shutter— 
** Mamma, you knour such a candle as 
that would last, at . home, the whole 
night-— several hours a rush candle lasts 
at home, mamma.'* 

^^ Do you think, that the candles* 
being at home makes any difference, as 
to their burning ? '' said Frank's mother 

^^ No, no, mamma,** sdd Frank, 
laughing : ^ I know, that the rush 
candles, which we have at faome^ would 

FRANK. 8« 

l)urn as long a time here, as thej do at 
our house. But I mean^ that ours burn 
longer, because there is more grease or 
tailow about them. Mamma, if there 


was no tallow about this rush, would it 
bum at all ? or would it bum away a 
great deal sooner, than it does now ?** 

" Try, and you will see, my dear,** 
said his mother. 

Mrsr* Wheeler gave Frank a peeled 
msh, and he lighted it at the fire^ and 
it burned ; but the flame was not bright, 
and it soon went out. Frank dipped it 
into the grease and it burned better. 
Mrs. Wheeler went to see if G^orge*9 
supper was ready ; and Frank continued 
talking to his mother— 

** Mamma, I believe it is the melted 
grease that burns, and makes the bright 
flame of the candle : but I do not know 
how. Mamma, what becomes of the 

9& VMm^ 

''Do not jqu see ,1;he ai^Qke, jth^t 
i^^es frqm the top of tbe fl^pie? '' 8814 

" Yes, mamwa, I «^ ^e sp^I^ ; /fewt 
what )«as tbajt ^ dp with in^hat I api^ 


" Do not you know whM^t tIpMt Wif^e 
ig?-i^Do not you Femepib^ ypKir fa- 
fleer's Bhowv^g ypv, one evening ^(Iter 
tefi, ^he difference bet^weqi) spioj^e mA 

^' :I ^eipeqiber, jnaaima, steam- Qoines 
from wptter, wh^p it 13 m^ hot; I 
l^nspligr j]#{^ showed m^ tbe'-^teapi, 
the vapour^ rising .fpom the hot w^^i^ 
IP ;(^ t?A-urn ; and J reqpllecjt papa 
h0kl It ioold phX^ Qfier it, aud shopr^^ 
m^9 that the QQld :t|irQed tbje Fapotti? 
bMkj^ga)p,|p0iw9$er; I mjit ,t^ 4ix»pA 
•>f water condemei^l remember the 

wdrcLv And I recollect h* .ftfterwai'ds 
h^ a plate over the candl^^ atid said, 
that wh&t rose* froiii the tandle was 
siiioke^ tiot^ steam — ^I do not remember 
about the smoke — I recoUect onty, 
that' the pliite wits blackened; which 
wasr held over the candte> and that tHe 
plate was not -wet;- but I do not ktitiw 
ek^cAjr h6ir it was." 

** Did Jrdii never hear ally thitig ihoite 
about smoke?'' said bi^ mother. 

^ O ;f es ! I retoUect pat)a told me, 
that smoke, when cold ^ becamef soot^ and 
feU down to the ground, or -stuck to any 
feold thing that was near it." / /.V> 

^' Just so the smoke of the candle 
is the vaponr of melted tallow, which 
boils by the heat of the candle; anil 
Wh^ri this vapour k condensed by Cold, 
it becomes soots such as you see sticlt- 
leg to ih€l dfeiliiigd^ whetd fi^aiiy ^mdHis 


«8 FRANK. 

are used : soot is frequentlj cdQected on 
purpose, upon plates held over lamps, 
and is then called kmp^black." 

'' Mamma) once I saw, in the little, 

little barrel, at the time the painter was 

,gmng to paint the black board, at the 

bottom of your room, some light blade 

powder — Was that lamp-U^ck ? " 

<' Yes, my dear, that was Jamp»black ; 
and it is used for paint, and for making 
blacking for shoes and boots/' 

'< Very well, mamma, I understand 
that ; but I want to go back to the can- 
dle — the melted tallow, the vapour of 
boiling tallow, makes the candle bum, 
and keeps the candle burning. Mamma, 
I do not know how, and why the candle 
burns*— And what is the flame ? " 

'^ Frank, till you have more know- 
ledge, I will not attempt to explain that 
to you," said his mother^ ^^ B«t, when* 

feYef you can uiiderstahd it, ychi shatf 
read all that is known about the burn- 
ing of a candle. You will find it in 
tHitt book iehicii your brother Edward 
ieas i^eading yesterday — * Conversations 
on Chemistry; '' 

" Ay, that book, which he likes so 
muctf--But, manitaa, I do not like 
it. Edivard said toi me, ' Ddn'l ihter- 
rupi me, Prank — ^I arif busy— t atn very 
happy, reading this.' Mfitihma, 1 got up 
behind his chair, and began trying to 
rfead over his shoulder ; but I did not 
like the book much." 

** No, bebause you did not understand 


** And I am afraid I sTiall never un- 
derstand it;" said Frank. 

** 136 yoti tibt understand parts of 
books, tiow, Frank, which you did not 


90 FRANK. 

understand when you began to learn to 

" Yes, parts of .^Evenings at Hpnie/ 
and parts of ^ Sandfprd and Merton^' 
which I did not understand^ and did 
not like last year ; and now I like them 
very much.'* 

^* Then you may hope, that the time 
will come, if you try to improve your- 
self, when you will understand and like 
^ Conversations on Chemistry/ as your 
brother now does— Even what you have 
seen and learned this evening will help 
you a little." 

Just then, PVauk looked out of the 
window, and he saw the little girl, who 
had been sent for strawberries, coming 
along the path, which led to the house. 
She brought a basket of fine strawber- 
ries. The old woman set a little deal 

FRANK. 91 

table in th^ porqh, where the honey* 
suckles, which bung aver the roof of the 
porch, smelled very sweet. The sun 
was setting, and it was cheerful and 

** Look, master Frank ! I have 
strawberries for you and for myself, 
too ! " said Mrs. Wheeler. " My George 
takes care of my garden, and I have 
plenty of fruit and flowers — these 
honeysuckles, that smell so sweet, are 
all his planting."" 

Frank's father returned from the oat 
field, wherevhe had been; and Frank, 
and his &ther and mother, sat in the' 
porch, covered with honeysuckles, and 
eat strawberries and cream. 

After Frank had eaten as many 
strawberries as he liked, he and his fa- 

9S FlAM. 

ther knA itiDtber th^iaied tfa^ ^6od^ 
nAtured old "V^dffldn, and hid inotHer fti% 
into ^e little girPs hand soiMi money. 
The ^H euhsied^ and smiled^ and looked 

Then FhsAik Mowed his fslthei- and 
mother out of the c6ttftge, lind his fa- 
ther sdiA, that thejr would Walk hotnd 
bj d ne^ wa^^ through Ihe oat field, 
and afterwards ihrdugh a neAt farih. 
yard, and rotind by a jiretty lane, which 
would take them to the bHdge. Frank 
did ndt hear what his fttlier said ; abd 
hi^ father toming hid head back, saw 
Frank \tralking iioWljr behind him^ atid 
locdnng, as if he was thinkihg iht6niljr 
of something. 

" What are you thinking of, Frank ? *• 
said his father* 

'' I am thinkings papi^ about m<h 


FjtANK.: 93. 

** What al)Qut inoQey, Fraak ? " 
''I am thinking how bai>py that, 
little girl looked when m^mina gave 
her -some Bioney, and how glad people 
always look when money i» given to 
them. The reason, I know, is because 
they can buy thii^^ with money--— 
bread and meat, or dothes, or bal^ and 
tops, and playthings, or houses^ chaise^, 
or any thing they wish for. But, papa, 
I wonder^ that the people, who have 
hve%i and meat, or clothes and tops, 
and trails, and all sorts (d pretty or 
useful things, are so foolish, as to give 
them for little bits of gold, or silver, or 
copper, which are of no use." 

•* No use 1— 'My dear, recollect, that 
you have just said, that they are of use 
to buy any thing people want or wish 
for« Suppose you had two tops, and 


that you 4r«tited to hav^ a tmU, iit^t^kd 
dl 6ne of ;^our tops, ybu ttiight tell tfne 
of j6uf to|)d, and with the money, tKai^ 
^otiM hb paid to yoil (dt fmt topi ybti 
ifiigbt btty n htHHr 

** Biii, papa, why cOdM iiot t change 
one of my to|)^ for « ball, #itbOflt bby- 
ihg or d^Uhig, 0^ balHing ^ tMn^ td 
dd wi«h motfey ? '' 

'' Yeiir iop iii^drth Aoie than abdt } 
however, yod might, if y6u Iik6d it^ 
6zchan|fe year top fdt a b^ ; but it i§ 
dot do eaisy to make exchanges of Hearr^ 
fiind krge things as of light and dmaiK 
tMngS-— you- canndt csbrf large dr 
heavy things^ for instance, coali, ¥t' 
ctiwi, abM^t with you, to exchange ; and 
yet one lifafl day hare inore cods, and 
another diiire eowd, than he wants t 
BtoA^ if they itri^h to eixcbac^ these^ 

Ibfiu it i$ qonveinient to give j^pney, 

JB^ranJc did not qpite nr^dfivf^tand w^ 
hi? father u^apt : his ;§ither fgid^ t)^t 
it W9» tioo difficult for him to fiofffff^^ 
head, and that be sboM|d p|ify pif 9^9 
b|m, if he talked tp hi^i any 191^ 
about it, yet. /^ /^ 

<« Papa," fud Frfnjc, lool% » ?^.tle 
i^Kirti^ed, « J[ and popy, .ftij|t| ^e^ art; 
^ immy fhipgs, t^aj I fiwanQt m^r 
9tffMl ^^j— Wttat sb^ I dp ? " 

f A-Ueai to tbo9|e tbiDgi^ vbicj^ yon . 
S^p )andieK8|»ii,d, my ^e^ boy; fin^ 
^bep you will leyni ipo;e 91^ poEei 
evjBfy d§y ^and ey^ery h«Hipr-^rH^ ^e 
1(9^ reapfiig oa^s— ]liOok at the sic^e, 
1^ whkh %y fire CHfjtin^ doyra tlii|8 
0^113— Did y<j|i erptieetiaf^lif^?'' 

96 FfeANlt. 

Frank remembered having SSen 
sickles last autumn, when his mother 
took him to see some men reaping 
corn ; and he said he recollected, that 
the bundles of the com, which the men 
bound together, and set upright on 
their stalks, were called sheaves, and 
that the top of each separate stalk of 
corn is called the ear. 

His father bid him run and gather 
an ear of barley, which was growing in 
the next field on the left hand, and 
also an ear of wheat, which was grow* 
itig in a field on the right hand ; and 
when Prank had gathered these, his fa-^ 
ther showed him the difference between 
oats, barley, and wheat. Frank knew, 
that wheat is made into bread, and 
that barley and oats are sometimes 
made into bread, and that oats are 
eaten by horses. But there is an- 

FRANK. 07 

dther use of hatley, whkh he did hot 


know. ,' 

^ Did you ever taste beer, Frank ? " 

" Yes, papa.*' 

*• Do you know of what beer is 
made ? " 

** I think my brother Edward told 
me, that it is made of malt and hops ; 
and he once, when the brewer was 
brewing, showed me some hops : he 
said, that hops give the bitter taste 
tO(;beer — But, papa, I do not know 
what malt is.'' 

** Malt is corn, that has been made 
to begin to grow again, and that is not 
suffered to grow a long time. Com, 
you know, is a name for many kinds of 
grain ; as wheat, barley, bear, oats, 
and rye." 

" How do they make it grow a little ?•* 
said Frank. 


ff §Y wetting the grain 9»d h^&^ffg 
it up^ which makes it hot; thea it 
swells, and the graii^ beco^e^ pott; 
and, if it is opened, it is fpuwd to con- 


1^ a kind of flomr— rl t^ifik } once 
gave you some malt to ta8te-*-Do 
jp^ femembef the ta^e of it, 
'' Yes, p^a, at h9a jBL s^f; of s\vmt 

** Well ; wh^ the malt h$s sweUecl 
a^ |s reaijy to Ipr^, they stop its 
growth, by taking it out of the hl^» 
^d i^reatljing it nppn the ^oijindj and 
^ l^ kj putting it ii^tQ a place, tl^at 
dries the corp, and prev^ts it frona 
gtfywi^e my mor^/' 

'' P^PAr yoja sh<^wed m^e ^ueh a ptoise, 
at Mr. Crawford's the roaltster/s, and 
he q9^$4 ^^ }pka, Avd wtotdo they 
do next to the malt?'* 

- ^ Thiy thin brew itj rt»d ififtk^ hs^t 
of it.'' 

•'I know that-^Bu« how fld they 
l*ew it^ papa 7 " 

** I cannot etplaih that to yoi, iWrw, 
my dear ; but the next time the brewei* 
domes, I will take you Into the fyr^w- 
hdusey arid you may then see p^ridf 
what is done to make beet of tfiJAlt.'^ 

Whilst Frank's fathei^ had been 
talking^ Ibotit nialt and beer, they bad 
walked through tf^o or ihr^e fieldisf, and 
they dstnie tb a neat farm-hoKifse. Th6 
faian, to whom ihe house belofifgefd, came 
otit and said— 

"How do you do, lindlord?--^ 
Mddam, you are welcotae-i-WiU ;^ou 
walk id iby yiotl, sir^ and look at my 

K 2 

300 FBANK. 

new baro« which I am Just now thatch- 


** Pray, papa» take me with you,** 
said Frank ; " for I want, very much to 
k^ow how to thatch the old garden 
house better." 

His father took him to the yard. 
When they came thei;e, Frank saw, ly- 
ing on the. ground, on 090 side of the 
yard, a great heap of straw, and on the 
other side he saw a bundle of hay^ of 
which horses were eating. As he was 
passing between the heap of straw and 
the bundle of hay, Frank heard his itio^ 
ther tell his, father, that she once knew 
a young lady, who had lived till she was 
fourteen years old in the country, and 
yet who did not, at that age, know the 
difference between straw and hayl^ 

Frank laughed and said — '* What a 
very ignorant young lady that must 

hki mmaxxlBLl^^Mdmmn, I ktiioiW thft 
difference betireen sti^aw and haj, per-^ 
t&Hlj : thid on my right hand is $tra^i 
and this on my left hand is hay. Qow§ 
and horses eat hay; but thcf^ do not 
eat straw ; bed^ are somMiine^ made of 
straw ; and hats» and a gr^at many 
things* are made of straw ; aiid houses 
are Uiatched i^ith stta^^ abd not with 
hay. You see* mamma, I knchr a great 
deal more than that ycfung lady^ 
though She was fourteen — How rery 

old!'' /; . 


'* But all this time you hare not told, 
me, Frank, what hay is; and what straw 



Hay is grass dried ;^ and straw is 
the stalks of Wheat. — Ydu ktidw* mam- 
ma, last autumn, I saw the m^n thrashk 
ing:— ^I saw the com that was thrashed 
out of the ears; and what was leR' 

K S 

102 FRANK. 

after the com was beat out^ you told 
tne was called chaff; and the stalks, 
mamma, you told me were to be called 
straw." . 

, " Well remembered, Frank," said^his 
father. " Perhaps, if the poor ignorant 
young lady of fourteen, had at your age 
had as kind a mother as you have, and 
had been told and shown all these things, 
she might hiaTe remembered them as 
jou do.-^But, Frank, the stalks of 
wheat are not the only stalks that 
are called straw. — The stalks of wheat ' 
are called wheat straw : but there are 
other kinds of straw. The stalks of 
oats, and of barley, and of rye, are all 
called straw." 

- " Which kind of straw is the best for 
thatching houses, papa ?" 

" Wheat straw, I believe," said his 

FRANK. 103 

By this time, they had come to the 
barn, which the man was thatching.— 
Frank looked up attentively a little 
while, and then said— - 
: '^ The man is so far above me, papa, 
that I cannot well see how he fastens on 
the straw — May I go up this ladder, 
papa ? " 

Frank pointed to a ladder, which 
stood beside that on which the thatcher 
was at work. Frank's father made him 
no answer, till he had examined if the 
ladder was firmly fixed ; and then he 
told Frank, that he might go up. 

" I will follow you, Frank," added he, 
" to take care of you, when you get to 
the top.'* 

" No, papa, thank you, you need 
pot: for I am not at all afraid, because I 
know so well how to go up and down a 

jpraofc ran to the ladder, and a maic 

1^ FRANK. 

servant^ who was milking ft e&W irf the 
yard cried out— 

" Master ! master ! deir young mas- 
ter ! What are yoU about ? Don't ^ 
up the ladder^ or you'll break your 
pretty little legs.** 

Frdnk laughed^ and began to go up 
the ladder directly. He had been ac- 
ciistomed to go up and down a 6tep 
ladder, which his father bad in his li*- 
brary. Forriierly, wheh he was a very- 
little boy, he had not been allowed to 
go up that ladder; and he never had 
gone up it till his father gave him leli^el 
Atd, how, hb was proud of being per- 
mitted to mouiit a ladder. So he went 
up ; aiid when he was half way upl, h^ 
turned back his hedd to look at the nislid, 
trho had hid her faca with hbr hands; 
Frank laughed, more and ihore, 'at her 

'' Takfe care^ Frink ; Ddind what you 

.FAANK. 105 

arb about ; hold fast by the sides of the 
ladder. You are in much more danger 
now than you were in crossing the plank 
over .the brook; for, if you miss a rung 
(a step) of the ladder, you will fall and 
hurt yourself very much. — There is no 
.courage in being careless." Ju 

Frank knew, that his father told him 
the truth about danger^ as well as about 
every thing else, and he always at- 
tended to what his father advised : there- 
fore . he left off laughing, and he took 
care to hold fast, and not to miss any 
rung of the ladder. He found, that this 
ladder was much higher than that 
which he had been used to go up ; his 
father was behind him : he reached the 
topmost rung safely, and his father put 
one of his arms round Frank, and held 
him, for his head grew a little giddy ; he 
had not been used to look down from 
Ifttch a height. In a feVv minutes, 

106 FHANI. 

#hete his atfentioti #s{s feed tnit uriiat 
the thateher ^as dcdng^ he forgot ihb 
disagreeable fe^iirg i and he wast enter- 
tained by seeing the maimer in ^^ieh 
the hou^e was thatched. 

*^ Papsi, I iee, that he puts on tfane 
straw quite differently from what I did» 
wlieh I was trying iso thatch the facmse in 
my gard^." 

^^ Why> how did ydu pat on the 

. '^ I put it in butdlel lipon sticks, tfait 
made the roof.'* 

" What do yoi mean by bundles? •* 

^* I tools as tniifeb as I could grasp, olr 
hbld in my hand, and I put it on the 
w6odeii roof, hot qidte Uke siteps; but one 
above another. 

*' And you found that the raiii came 
in between every bundle, did not 
you ?" 

I did indeed— and X was ierj 


FRANK. : lor 

senry; aftar afl my pains, after I had 
thatched my liouste, the water came in, 
the first time th^« was a hard shower 

^^ Yes ; becaute you put the bundles ' 
of straw the wrong way. You see the 
tbatdiar does not lay handfuls of straw 
in stepsi one ^ abore the oth^, as you 
did; bat he beginp at the eaves of -the 
roo^ near the wall/ just at one end of 
the hous^ and he lays several buncfles 
oo^ beside the other. 

f^ I understand you/' said Frank. ^' I 
put them one above the other, like the 
steps of the ladder ; he put^ them beside 
each other, like the sides of the ladder .'- 

<< He fiidtens them down with bent ^ 
twigs, wbifh he calls scolhpeP said 
Frank's father, ** Or else, look, here 
is another way — he fastens the straw 
down with a rqpe nade <tf «tmw> with 

108 FRANK. 

which he actually sews the thatch down 
to the roof, with his long iron rod^ which 
you see he uses like a needle." 

*' But» papa, you said, that he b^ns 
at the eaves of the bouse-^What is the 
eaves ? '* 

'^ The eaves are that part of a roof, 
that is nearest the wall. They are the 
lowest part of the roof, and the thatch 
hangs over the wall, to carry off the 
rain without its touching the wail. 
Here is a scollop. You see, it is sharp* 
ened at both ends, that it may sticfk in 
the roof. Observe the thatcher.— He 
is going to put on the second row of 
thatch, above the first/' 

" Yes ; I see, that the lower part of 
the bundle, that he is now putting on, 
is put over the upper part of the bundles 
below it." 

•* Why does he do so ? " 

PftANK. "100 

' " I do not know." • • ; ' 

" Think a littk, Frank." 

" I do thini^ papar-T— -but I caonot 
£oditout." ' . 

'* The rain would fall between the 
bottom of the row, which he is now 
putting on, i(nd the first row^ if the bot- 
tom of the seog^^^id not l^p over the 
top of the first ; and the rain would. run 
in at the holes made by the scdSops, ' if 
they were not covered with the jsecond 
jow of thatch." 



When Frank had seen and beard^ aU 
Umt iiis father showed and told hiiB 
about thatching, he went down^ (he 
ladder, as carefully as he had gone 
up it. As he passed through thf? fanQ 
yard with his father and mother, , jb^ 


110 fitAMM. 

stopiied to look at soUUe pretty hefis kad 
chickens, that were piddng up oats^ 
Wliltet Flratik was iboking at them, 
a large turkey cock came Strttttltig^ 
n^ lo faidi, itaakibg a great noise, 
qmading its Mack wiitgs, stretthiiiig 
out it8 bhie And red throat, and lookittg^ 
witdy to fly at him. Frank started buck, 
w^A had a great wish to ruii away ; but 
Us fkther, putting a stick ibto his hand, 

« Franks stand steady, my boy ; drive 
him away with this stick.~-That's right; 
drive him away.** 

The tui±ey cock began to run away, 
turuliig back, from time to time, imd 
milkiti^ a terrible noise; but Fnkidt 
{iursued him, threatening him with the 
isttidc; and as fest as Flank catne up tb 
hitfi^ the turkey cdck gobbled and rHi 

^MHS. Ill 

. f Wi^ imik Fniik> fm kale hklj 
4virei» l^ip wr§7»'' said hui £rther» dudL«> 
Hi^ hwdn with bim. ^'You see yoa 
9fHn flPHIiMr himj aotd that he b^s not 
l^fi ypv t ww$ tbe next tioie a iwtbtj 
90^ lltt«dns yoUf if J011 have a stick n 
SMf liandt you naed not to fa^ afraid J' 

'' J^ dear Ftapk," aaid hit mothOT, 
^f I am glid to see ypa we beoome sa 
IMif^h «tiiiit«[^ than yoa meate. When yoa 
iraNi a ncf y little boy» and not neprij aa 
rtnmgaa ym are now, Inmemberm 
liad a tudiey oodE:^ in the yaid> wtdeh 
one day frightened you ; and your father 
Qideml that it should be sent away, 
that it might aot fiti^bten you again ; 
for you were not then able to defend 

<< But I am now older, and am able 
to defend myseU;** eried Fvank; '^ and 
wllUngy toe» mamma.'^ 

L 2 

fnte'his inother; and passed hy the 

• • • • * 

door of the chicken y«M, looking' the turkey cock,' who diured 
qot come out* Frank annised himself, 
duribg a great part of • the Way bome9 
in imitatii^ the strut and noise of that 
^mikial; aiid' he frequently turned to 
his BU>ther, asking her, if tkii Was not 
Tery like ; and this still more like : mA 
begging her to shut her eyes and listen, 
and : tell whether she could ; know his 
gobUe from that of. the real turkey 
eock/ • 

. Frank was tired, at las£» of doing this; 
M^this mother was tired of listening to 

him*— . -\ ' 

*^ Now, mamma, I have done being 
a turkey cDck.'' " 

I. .** Very well, my.dear» I am glad of 
it.*-Let this womttp, who seems to be 

VKAMK. 118 


im a Ii«i«y« piss by jta^ Jfttao^^ said 
ins mother. 

IbttDk loaked bdiihd him, and he 
9tm a woman with a raSk pail on her 
head, and another mider her arm. He 
made way fer her, and when she had 
pamed, he said— 

'^ Mamma, tiut is the vei^ same 
wmnan^ who was milking the cow in 
the fam yard, and who said to me, 
^ Master! master t doa*t go up the ladders 
or yott will hreak y«or pretty Uttle legs/ 
«>**]Mbmma, was not die foolish, to be 
so mueb ftightened ? I wonder how any 
body can be afndd to go op a ladder. 
What a coward slie anit b^ poor 

As JVank was 9iying ttds, Itey came 
to the narrow brieve; and to Frank's 
flsprprise^ he saw this woman ran, with* 


out: mf apjpearanpe bf £eiir, acvdBsi:the 

^:!'^' With one pail on hier heady and'the 
otHer pdil under keriarm^ toQ!.";crUx 
Frank, stopping short, and looking jrf^ 
her with astboishflieQl««^-^v*«^ ^ . 
^p/^<« Mamma, can that -be' the same wo^ 
wka ? — ^Then she cafBif ot be a coward ! 
T^Nct a lioward about going over nar^ 
row bridges, but she is a cowacd .about 
going: up a tedder, 'mamma." 
\ '^Sb6 is aoouatoraed to go over this ' 
bifdgie^ aod she finds, that she can do 
so w^tbelit being hurt ; and jou^ Frank* 
hfive bl^en accustomed to go up a ladder 
without beiag hurt/* : / 

^^ Yes, the ladder iif papa's studjr^ I 
go up add doiirn very often ' ereqr day. 
The first' tid^e I; went up it, I wta a 
U^larafiatd; and I remember dkigiiig. 

FSAHK^ lis 


fwl» and gmng :wi7 Aomly^*^l:9eei 
mamiba^ ' that peopfeileara not^ 
afraid of what they are accustom^ to i 
mdLhe&Bve peq^e can teach themsehres 
iHri; to beafraid." . 

As Frank finisked sfMealtiiig^ he walkif 
ed: boldly over that bridge, on vhkh, 
bat a sh(Ht time bdPore, he had scarcity- 
dared to putrhis footr^that bmJIge^ which; 
be had imposs^tAe to cross. 

Frank's father ; was . very careful 
always to keep his promiies. He re* 
Hiettihered, that hehad pcon^bbd Ftmk 
that whenever .Uie . brewa? cmae^ he. 
would let .Fnmk. ^ee how b^r yras 
brewed. The;brew»r WM «ow gofuig 

f 1< SXiOIK;. 

Snfllc, nd tedc biDi into th«t hmm»t 

< ^fl^i a veiy laqgft yamt liiatfi^ 
papa ! " said Fraiik, pointmgi to ft wemA 
iriiidi he fl|»r III 4|e ilMndMuhe. 

^^ II ii laife^ compared wilii Ibd^ 
wUeb yen hawsem the oMk use for 
bdUiDg mfiti^i boi it It smdt, oonpaMd 
widi tite ik««yl»g pan^ er-boiler^ tised im 
a public brewerj, where a great quan* 
titj of beer is brewed for numbers of 
people. We brew only the quantity 
that we want to drink ourselves/* 
^ Wiiat is in the bettetv p^n? ** 
f Waterw^iIiOAk al thiij faa^ woodttb 
vessel i Ak is catted a wL bifei tint 
the mdHk pwt» and the isate^ that ift 
boiled hi the boiinv is panted intd tiMr 
wl» and miaBed nilb tha malt; mni^ 

comes a liquor called %ror/«— This'is;all 
yoft catt *e, ttf-aay." > 

.T^l/h^: iiexi :da|^,5 his fitither <iaHed 
BiSiTdi aga&i and fidok faim ihta the 
brewhouse» and diowed hiin the %tartf 
aif4 hid'hitii taste k: he ta^tedit, and 
fwad it sweet ; but it had iiot the tasti 
c^ b^r^ theUI^ it had sdmdthing^ of the 
ec^^i^^of itmidy beer. Ilis father tdd ' 
liim^.tliat hops utiunt be isiKed- wi& the 
wQ]rt> before it o6ukl taste Ifte beer^ 
H^f8J^i$r0d Frank the hbp0». and Fi^nk 
tasjti^ rtbem^ and fi^und thit they had 
a bitter tfiste* ' -. ^ - 

.; ** And is this att that is done to iMdii 
beer, p?jpa ? •• 

r 'V^otaUUr the /wort, after the hops 
}iaTe-beea boiled, in it» must: be iet ito 
work pr ferment ; and after it baa fer-f 

11$ nA»K. 

BMntdd ftir funt tiaM^ ifc btcottlii 

'' What is to ferment?'' nU Wmolk. \ 

'^ I cannot explain i| to 3ml/ aMweiv 
ed hkfttlier. f^Butjwaiill soethb 
xroit when it is IjpniMBting*^ 

Then FrAnkfs ilitlMr diiifei tlM 
braver vraidd aend, and let him knows 
as sQoa as the beer aboidii begin<to fy^ 
in6iit.m*9nie brewer did so some time 
afterwaid ) and FiaiUc went to look at 
it. It was not now in tke bfenHhoiise. 

^YoQ se^ BVank,"^ said Us fiitha% 
^ tkat tke liquor in these vesseb is not 
like what you saw in the brewhons^; 
it is, however, the smae liquor; but it 
is now in a state of fermentation/! 

^It looks^ indeed, quite different^** 
Miid Frank ; ^ that Bquor was of a didt 
brown colour, and quke smooth on the 

KK&HK. 119 

iiiirfttoe ( «Ut fa an floUqr, loaAdfft niuddy 
yellow and white colour* It is Ml bf 
feubUei; loitie liiibgibm btlo#ite kur- 
iuxt and others bursting.'' 

<« That frdtb Jb cidltid yeai^ lir Ibfthn, 
mmI it is bf mesm of this yeasl^ «r ticarti^ 
tint bmA is made sfKnigy and HghH 
Btead aoftde witfaottt b&Mi is hitevy^ 
Ute unttakad {ifeste." 

*< Pat>a, hbw Is the bee^ iiiad6 ti» 
Work, or fbrMetitt as il iii called^ " 

** Sbfttt y«asti tluft was got fhto oibei 
bMi^ ihiKt Wis Ihmfitttiti^, was p«rt into 
this beer; and that set it a working, as 
it is called." 

** How does it set it a woridng, 

«I llo ndt IkjMff to^#ered Ids 

*< Hb# did IMj^ get yea^ for the fiifii 
beer, thai ^ itiaais Id Mn^ P 

*'l d» not kaoAr,'' answered his 

'^Wh7» papa» I thought jqu kiieir 
eveiy thing.** " * ' 

^^ Indeedt my dear, I know t^ry 
^ttle : and I never pretend ' to ktow 
inwe than I do. The older people 
grf^Wp and the wiser they beeome, tbe 
more they feel^ that they are ignorattt 
of a, -number of tlHugB. Then they4)e- 
come the more desirous to leani; and 
the more they leam^ the more pleasure 
Ithey jfeel in acquiring firesh knowledge." 

After he had seen and heard all, 
that his father could show or tell him, 
about the fermentation of beer, Frank 
w^nt to read to his mother, as lie usually 
did, at this hour, every 

y. ^ l^^qiikriim^e juft beoR amng h(m 
b^v u nuide^ Frank/' said she; /^w^t 
s^ofdd jott like to koDur how cider i^ 

,. ** Very much, mamma/* 
I '^ Here is a book, in whicii you ea^ 
fijid an account qf it.'* 
/ She put into his hand the first volunif 
pjf Sandford and Mertpn^ open at th^ 
pkce^ which gives an account of Harry 
imd Tommy's visit to the .farm hmse^ 
wJiere they ;S|iw^ a toom full of ap|^ 
ajpid where the farmer'^ wife desc^be4 
the manner in which she made cider 
of apple juice. ' . ; 

Frank read all this to his mother, 
and* it entertained him so much». tlmt^ 
when he jiad finished it, he a^ed his 
inpth^r to let him read some more of 
that book. 
, His motjiier ^aid^ jbhM she wm afiwii 


lit P&AKK^ 

ke iirai Ml yM Me <» uttiterrtnd all of 
lit ttnd Ihat 6He advised kim to keep tH^ 
peiMtrt «r i^MUng it^ fffl he AoxM hk 
aUe quite to understand it. 

^ O^ mamma ! hefts is « stbrjr of two 
Aigs, Jdwler <liid Keepe^-Mamnia ! 
just let me look at that, and a story or 
Me good natttred littit hoy and the ill 
aisAm^d bojf'^I am sore I can undet- 
SUkni tlatt, nfomma ; atid the story of th^ 
ll^tttiiman and the basket-maker, tod 
AndMcled and the &m : t win begin at 
Ihe beginning, mamma, if you please^ 
Hodt, if I find, that { do not underbtantl 
it, I will put it up again in your bok)k* 
dsse, and keep the pleasure, as you say, 
iiSL 1 am ible quite to understand it.'' 

Upon this condition, Frank's motbef 
gtive iSm leave to read Sandford land 
Merton. He sat down imme^tely on 
tttt rarpet, imd he read e^;erly *fi)r 

fOfOQlfipnik ^ )m caiM te a teg dift» 
)os;ue^ wd tbw be yairocid^^ 
9gnt him out to^ weak in lu gavitai* 
Slys would not allow him to read vaA 
«t t liine^ bepause die wiabedl te pre- 
f jent hi|» fsom Imi^ tiied ci leadingf^ 
H« h^dl tlie pleasure of leaduig a Uttikii 
of Sandford and Mertoa eveiy day* 
He founds that he understood a great 
deal of it; and -hift mother told him^ 
he might miss some parts; /' You will 
XwA that bode owr again^ I am sure» 
aome tiiae. hence; and then ]^oa*witt be 
abb to understand it aU, and thea yeu 
may tead tba parts wbieh ywi w>w 

iFnmk imi parttehrly deHghled wilk 
tiift account of the houses whkh^ Hanrf 
and Tommy built. And as soon as 
Fratnk got over the difficulty of tke hard 
name S^^itzkergm be Ifted the aeoemit 

M S 



of '^ the exUwirdfiii^ adv^ntinr^ of 
the four Russian sailgrs^ who w^re cftsi 
aie4y on the desert island of East Spitz* 
beigeti/' . 

^ . ** Mamma, I like this^ because it is 
true»'' said Frank-~^ Mamma, I like 
books that tell me true things, and 
that teach me something/' 

, QN£ m6rping9 wfaen^Fiank was going 
to piit on his sboes^he found/that there 
was a hole in; the side of one of tfaenif 
so he put oh another pair, and he ran 
with the shoe, that had the hole in it^ 
^ hi j miHher» and asked her to' have it 
ineod«d ibi him. She said; that : she 
wpi4d send; it to the.shodmaker'sJ . 
; <' Mamma,'' continued Frank,: ^ I 
ihould like to f» to Oie dioetaiidcet^^ ; I 

FBAliK; its 

^baftld like to see how he mracb' mf 
8hq^< and how he tnakea new shoef. 1 
understand something about It, j^m 
having aeen that print ct the shoe- 
maker; in the Book of Trades, and from 
having read the desmption; but I 
think I should underataiid it moA 
betteft if I were to see a red shoemaker 
at wcffkJ.' 

. ^ I think you would, my ^ear $ «nd» 
when I have leioure^ Z will take you to 
ase a shoemaker at work.*^ 

*^ Thank you, good mamma (-^And 
I should like to see every thing done, 
that is shown in the prints of that book,** 
continued ¥Vank. He ran for the book, 
and, turning over the leaves, ^ I should 
like, mamma, to see tihe - trunkmaker, 
the wfaedwriglit, the turner, the rope- 
maker, the papermaker^ the bddtbiaderi^ 

M 9 

^9" J «••»«• 

IS6 frank; 

the braver, the bntfonmakiar/ the sadlef; 
tbe . gladsblower, and-^h, 
the .f>rixlter^ and— 
- " " Stoji, stop, ' my dear Franl^ f-^I 
canilot show you allihese; hvAl H jaof 
tire not troublesome, I win show you 
any which you can understand, wfaenLi 
ever I have an opportunity, and when I 
have time. , You know, that X have a 
gt^eat rlnany things to do, and canilot 
always i^t«rad to you, my little Frank.*^ - 

« I know that, mamma — ^But yoa 
hav6 time, have not you» to take me to 
the shoemaker's to-day ? " ^ 

' ^' Not to-day, my dwir*" ? 

'' But, mtimma, will you teUme how 
pUper is made ? *" 

'♦'Not now, my dear." 

** WdU mamma, I will t^H you how I 
ii^cNPid to mani^ afamt mjr fu4Kttir%" 


' ** Not at present^ my dear. • Dp hot 

t^alk to me any vobt^f now— I am going 

to- write a letter." 

;- Frank went away» and employed 

himself, that he might not be}irdi^^ 

fora^y and that h& might make himself 


The ne^t day» his mother took him. 
to the shoemaker's: be saw him at 
work — he saw the awl, with which the 
shoemaker makes holes in the sole of 
the shoe and in the Iteath^r, through 
wluch holes ^ he pvts the waxed thread,' 
with which he sews them togetiier — he 
saw, that, instead of usiqg. needles, the 
shoemaker naed hogs^ biistles, which 
l^e fastened^ to the waxed; thread -wMfU' 
ij^hich he worked : so that the bristles 
served lum as needles. He put the two 
ends of the thread in at opposite sides 
of the. bo|^ .Md ifh^n di^w the. threap 

Itft fSAHK. 

tigfat> l»7 {ndling each end %t one and 
tlie same time ; and in doing this^ he 
pushed out his elbows^ and made an 
odd jerking motion, which ^iyeited 
Frank rerj much. 

^^ Now I know the reason/* said 
Frank, ** why, in the song, which papa 
sings, about the cobblar, it says, that 
he wanted elbow rdom — 

'« ' There was a cobUer^ wHo lived in tHe coomV 
And all ibat ha mmtod m9M eUowroom* ** 

Frank daw, in this shoemaker^'s shop^ 
lai^ pieces of leather, of difibrent eo- 
Idurs, black, white, red, blue, green, and 
purple. He asked leave to* look at 
these ; and one of the men in the shop, 
who was not busy, took out <^ a drawer 
son\e skins, as he called them, and spread 
them on the counter, befbre !FVank, who 
touched, and smelts and looked at them, 
for some minutes, and Qten 


/ ^ I kiiMr; that Irat&er Is '4he 'skiirof 
aii]iiials-^--df : horses, .and dogs,: nhi' 
I, and of soine kiods of goats, and 
.^-^I forget the name.^-;-. 

^ Wh7 master I ** said the sfaoeniiaker^ 
looking up from bis work^ '' m^njr 
k little master^ of yjoiir age, for whom. 
I make shoes^ does not know §b much^ 
-^you .are a very clever little gentle- 

Frank coloured, and was ashamed i 
for he recollect^ the flattering lady, 
and he thought the shoemaker was flat- 
tering' atld laughing at him~-He turned 
atiray, and said to the man, who had 
showed him the skins — 

*' Tell me, will you, how the ski&s of 
horses» and dogs,' and geats,* are made 
to , look like thi^: leatti^r, which I see 
before nift?~I kn«?i^, pretty :W(dl> hoir: 

Oe hlor tf Ihe bones^ ind chgs^ aaid 
dilkfes^ h got nff, beoiuse I raid w 
account c^ thst^ is my Boekof Trad69>«-» 
I kaav the - cnrrierj^ vith a long' knift^ 
with two handles, scrapes it off — But i 
dmft know, and I wish jren ^uld tell 
nie^ how you turn the skin into teaiher, 
and how ym gii^ it snck beautifiit 

*^ jKdtster, I cannot tett you thah^^ 
is not our trade ; that is the businens af 
ti»e tanner and the Intihw drtisaef^^I 
buy the lei^er from them just as you 
see iU nease to nt down^ master, that 
I BKiy measure yon for a pair of shoes.^ 

Franks finding that the sboemake^is 
man could not tell him any thing about 
tanning or dyelng^ntented himself with 
obwrnng the manner, in which thiii man 
took measure of hie foot. Frank hciked 
at the 8tiek» or ruler whidi the shoe* 

mMarmitA. ft wm nmde lb Ibid «^ 
and open, tomething Mke m oaft'eiilM'i 
common ruler; but tiiero^Bft hinged!^ at 
tee ted «F it| a fait of faraB8> aboet two 
fiidiGS long; and tiiis w$b hiaged si^ 
1i«t it €cmid be atiade to stand ap, m 
diat ^hlwiH as jroa please. TUs pteee 
1^ brass tibo' sfaoeiaaker tuMed ^p^ and 
^ behind FrankV heel, when lie began 
to tneosare his foot, aad helald the raler 
iiad« the tsofe of Frank's foot. Thin^ 
^eas another piece of brass, hiiiged lA 
the same manner^ which conld be ^Sd 
baekwanls and fixrwards apon the nder : 
t&e shoemaker pushed this up to the 
and of f^nk*!^ foot, aad then lodged at 
ditimmj^, which were marked apon the 
takr; and lie saiv^ the disttaace between 
tiie Inass at the heel, and the brass $k 
fhitoei aad he knew what vi;seFxaric% 
shoe ought to be, as to length. ^Die 

iHsetf^ ihe measmcd by sfUmning'^ 
Ibot: that is by puttibg bis fingars robiyi 
it^ in different pboes. ; : 
. Wbea the 4ioeioakm^ ^ b^td fimshed 
pBidfkg measmie, :he:sh9tt\up'hi8 jneasuiff- 
ing stick. Frank ask^ leave tO ifKft: 
^t it onoe more, because he ha4 nM 
observed exactly how it was fa^n^d 
when shut The shoemaker put it again 
into his hands ; and he saw how one 
part of the brass notched into tb^ other^ 
so as to fasten both the parts <jf tb^ 
ruler together, when shut 
. The shoemaker then showed Frank 
3€|ne other things, which be wished t^ 
fsee^ in ;hj[s shop. He showed h^m a 
boptjfM^ fcMT . drawing boots off; and : 9- 
wooden leg, which is put ipto boots, tp 
streteh them ; and' be showed lum the 
lasts, or moulds on which shoes ar^ 

V * 

<< * 

, FXJkNK;: 111 

Wti?ref!i(r £raAfc. 'i«)eii^ people* ^nm^ 

generally ready to answer his qo^&U 
tiAnfi, and to show him what he wanted 
to see, becatfse be took care not to be 
t«if|falesome» . and he did not ask foofish 
qn^^pns. He sometimes fojand, hcBur* 
ev<er, thiit, people. oOuld not spare time 
to . sjbiow hitn things ; and he often 
£Dfund» that, be oould s^t understand 
their manner of explaining. 

; Some - d^s after Frank, had been at 
the shoemaker^ as he was waUung out 
in the. e veiling wjith bis fatiier.and 
mother, he heard a dpg hacking at a 

** How far off,, mampia^ <b you think 
that dog is?** said Frank. 
<< About a <iufurter of a mile,,! tbould 



gmaa. IfimcfitisWlnlethe tMpo^s 

** The tomerl— ifaBMaa^ i iHab hi 
had not that iittkiag dog.^ 

« That haiking do^ is veijrweMlo 
dK tanner, and he wffl not do j^qb «af 
haisn. That dog is akw»fs diuaed «qp 
m iSbe day time ; he is let loose only at 
vi^btf when he guards his mastei^o pro* 
perty, and pnarenis any one teem sted^ 
ing the leather, which the tanner leaves 
in his tanpits.*' 

« Then, mamma, if the dog is chain- 
ed mp and d^ttot do iae any %an&i I 
wMi you wmM be m go€d, astoUioe 
me to we Ihe tanner and fjbe tan^s*<^ 
yon know, Uie triioemd?tir tdkl me, l&td 
the tanner tans leather. Mamma, irffl 
you go?r^^apa> wfll 7t>ii go to Uie 
tanner^s ? " 

wuxm. Its 

f^ h}$ IMber^' I am gl«i te «^ 
timi jnu aiee m dduout to aoquira 

They walked across two or Hxtte 
$lA^ towaxdkl the iasmta^ti house; and 
Ufa^ tb^ eame MUr it, the barkings of 
^ dog wat heavd irery kiid« But at 
^ same tun€ that Frank beard hia 
iMd haildiigf he also heard the rattUiig 
f)f the dog*i didiii and he knew, 
Aiefdpre» that h^ was dudned up^ and 
could'iMit do htm ujKy misdaeCL His 
ftthor tdid FraiA: to take caie te he 
f taiH e d by tins fierte dog, not to go 
within his reach— «not to go within the 
l^gUt of bis diain. Frank took carei, 
and walked at a (smdauft distance. The 
tantoer came ont» and silenced his dog, 
and then Frank could hedr and attend 
to what WW said* 

But, though he aAteadid, he di4B^ 

is6 ^A^ir: 

ynderstaml'all^ that ^^the tab^ner 'said; 
for the fiian spoke in a tone- dtffe^i 
from what Frank had been accustomed! 
to hear.' . . , 

^ Here bees my tanpiis, master, If 
that bees what youVe amng for. Atid 
all that iSf as I knows aboiit it, yoit 
see, master,^ is this, that I putstht skinsr 
into one c^ these Here pitt, fifst-atid*^ 
foremost, to cleanse it of tli^ airi 1^^? 
and then I stretches it iipoti-ft horse^ 
you see, and T scrapes off the hiff;"' ' • 
' ** And does the horse stand still^^ 
said Titenk, '* while yoii' ate doin^ 

/ '^ Qfa, bless you ! master, it*s a^ 
wooden horse I be thinking of/' 

"^ Oh !— I understand !--«But whfll^ 
is in this pit?*' ' ^ 

** First-and-foremost, I puts it ' intoi 
this pit/' sai<3r tlic tatwcr.: 

wMWK. in 

. fSfkif, ^^ta H into tlm pit,** laid 
Frank's father, observing that Frank 
HA not know what the man meant 
bf ^inb^KidAnmo&i, whieh he pro* 
iminfed very tfinxMy^ and likn one 

<^ Matter^ thoe is what we eaU lime- 
watar ; and then | puts it into stoonger 
liMHwat^ir^ to soak again ;^ and then I 
tMkm it <nit^ and )iang«| it to drjr , and 
ihettr iQpaitt soaks it ; and so on till it is 
it fhr the iMt^its. hei^'' said the tanner, 
pointing ta a pitf 

ff And what i$ in this pit?"? said 

** The bark, mastev-^-notbing in filb, 
nuMtsr^ (Hit the haA and water."* 

'* The baik,** said Frank ; <* what 
da jott mean hy the bail& ?^ 

^'liOMtnstiM'bark, that is gremid, 


tod tiirown into* thk here pt with 
crater.**' ■ ' - '. • '> '* . :•' '• ^v: 

FiAnk looked- to his father .for.«B:pk^ 
xmtiou ; ahd his fallier toU faitan, tfait 
the barky of whidt the tanner spcdB^ 
was the bark of oak trees. .' :•■ rr 

*' This bark,*' conthmed his fathtsr, 
^^ omtains something ' caUed - tannin; 
wUcfa^ after a length of tidie^ gets iaia 
the poi^s, or openings, in the leathiarv 
and makes it hard; And wAa that; 
Vfben the leather is. (fry, it does not let 
water easily pass through it ; aod l^tiea^ 
it iS; useful for taaking sbnefe and boots, 
and harness, and for covering tisunksj. 
fk^ various other purposes.** ' ' * ^ 

<< But. wh^&ift that somethings €alM 
toitf^m,' papa ?'' said Frank.. ' 

** I do not kiioWt** said faia: father^ 
'' But I k9Q)¥f :th«t it' )m n partikidair 

that' it maked.'Jeather^h^d, an^ .fit: tqr 
keep out water. Dip your fitHjg^r iijtqt 
tioijpit^-wfifire you aee tbcf.b^rirmd 

vater^ «nd 'teste the. liquQi^ aad t^a: 
^ejff^ mil knpw' it&at: 19 itf^ant - by an 
astringent takte^": . *. 

r. Frank dipp^ Ms! ? finger. ii|t<>' Che tin- 
fHi and tortdd thfe bark and watfar; 
and^be utaderatood wbM was pfie^Qt \fyi 
9 ju aatHl^feu t. %a8te.i 

rn*^ Is rtiiis. W4 tll^t you can^ 4ell, 01^ 
papa.?** • .'. ' ■ '• V: » • 
r^ AII^ that I caff'tpU' you at present;^' 
Biff^iidiearii. When yoir are able- to un^* 
derstand .it»' yourqaa read more on this 
iulijei;^ fifl' CDi^vepsatioDS on Che- 
Uiis^.*" * . ■ - 

r*<^']BtiLt.I do not. see here any of ther 

14a , Fstxnm, 

reA or groift . cdtouwd^ smoott^ riiittiy 
leathers^ whidi I law ai At ibMK 

^'No, tb^ are not Buide a|;»i 
moa tanner'a. Thej aro ealdimd» aiMl 
made smooth and dUniag^ as you sair 
them, at the leather^^dressei^s.'' 

Frank's next vnish wm^ to go to a 
leather cfaresser ; and to kam hffwijbm 
leather was made of these beaut^dii 
colours. The tanner aaid^ tbpthe al« 
ways sent his leather, aa aeon as il was 
tanned, to a leather-dresser, who lif!ad| 
in a town at twenty miles* distanee 
from him, and fiom the plaoe wheve 
Frank's father and mother liMd. 

They could not take him fo Urn 
leather-dresser's conveniently. In • 
book, a sort of dictionary, whidh hia 
father lent to him, Frank afterwards 
looked for an mkmidik «f ilie mamier 

f%AKIt:Z 141 

in ^^hkh iMther is djred^ ) He^ toui^i 
thtit lie could not umieii^nd ity so he 
turned liis attention to sometidog else^ 
wbibb he could understand/ 

nbict'day, he pi^ssed % a hailer^s 
fei^, and he asked his father to tidce 
him jir^ and to'>let'^hmi. see how naiU 
wM^ inida:-^-:-^«-^In thef ooiirse of : a fei^ 
w4»ek8'iift%rwiMfe |)e :8i(w sevend :^the( 
things/ whi^heAtertaioed h^: :/(;: r 

Last year, when he vhiid seen tb6 
^lieep^hearing, a'od bad been : ^ t^, 
that the wool ciit from the back' of the 
slieep eould be mialEe into doth ifoc ai 
ebat/ such a& that which he wor^ he 
had been curious to know how thia 
CDuld) be : done. His .mother showed 
bha Ibw ihe^ wool isapuit iioto wooUeft 

I4£ RANK. 

ymm t ^oid this jter» wlMi ht wm Mi 
to understand ii. Ma father daovedl hids 
a Ibom^ and ophdaed to him Ih^ iiartt 
of the machine ; and dio^tod Idtik h$w 
woollen yam is woven into doth, by 
means of a loom» 

This summer^ Frank saw several 
other tlungs, about whidi he had tifien 
carious. Hb father shi^r^ hisi how 
books are printed^ isk a printkig pMMU 
And, some time afterward^, ht %mk 
Frank to a glasshouse^ gsd let hiss sas 
men makii^ sewend thii ^ ?- boH liii^ 
decanters^ ta mhicr s he marr Hmm 
p«dl the glass when il is hckand ssl^ 
nto various dupes; and Ubmr mt ialo 
it, and blow it out inta any ftnos th^ 
pleased. This entertttoed him cscsssd^ 

But, whenever JRmnk. saw any thiag^ 
that entertidnei (dni anad^ h« alMpt 

SBANm 14S 

wished, that he had his brother Edward^ 
or his cousm Wilfiani^ or his cousin 
FMdenok»dr€faarie8,totellitto. Thejr 
wen gone^ home, ud his iMrother was 
gone to school ; and Fnuok wished^ that 
he had some companion, of neaiiy his 
pwn age, to talk to and to {day ^th. 

• - 

Fbakk had a little cousin Mary; and 
about this time little Mary, who was 
between five and six years old, was 
brodgfat to his mother's house* Mary 
was dressed all in black, when Frank 
Ibid si9LW her ; and she looked very me- 
lancholy. Frank went to his father, 
who was standing in another part of 
the room ; and he whispered to his fa- 
ther, and asked, why Mary was dressed 
in bhck, and why she looked so melan- 
^dv. HSs fatibies answered— 

144 FRANEl 

, ** Because her motber is dttd/' ' 

" Poor Igirl ! ": said .Frank. " If my 
mother. Wa^' dead^ howsorryl stkoiiJd be! 
— Poor little Mary i \irhat!wiU she.d^ 

without a mQtli©r1*'\ ; ;! .; > i 

i " Mary is to live with, w^^siid, his 
father ; /* your motber and, I wiU; take 
care of her^ and teach her, as well as we 
can ; and you will he kind to her, will 
you not, Frank ? " 

'' That I wiU, p^pa," said Frank. 
He ran directly for those of his plav- 
things, which he thought would please 

her the, most, and he spread them ber 

- . .. ' • . ■ » 

fore her. She looked at them» and 

smiled aUttle; but she soon put theni 

. . * i ...» »- ' 

down again, and did not seem to be 
amused by them* Frank, look her to 
his garden, and gathered for her tho^ of 
his flowers which he liked the best ; bnt 
she did not seem to like th^m yearly as 



miich asJie^did, nr !«s .mMH-Bi he/Jiad 
expected that she would. 'SliteMd-^. ** 

f* Tiionlc yoM ; but nmmqia Jiad;il8:er 
flowers than thjsse^ at jhonie-^I wisiLll^ 
Wiis * ivith tnimm^-^t ; wbh masbfna 
could (ome. buck again id lAe'^ \ 

Frtunk knew that ber mamma dooU 
pot (coine hack ugain . td her ; UuC^he dift 
i|^ ^ay Sf^, .theo^ iQ'.Mary. J^efltoAk 
bfr .to' k|>k ;at. thel hfiMase^.M^k^.te 
yrad 'bpikHng ; a^d .he shewed ;har tkb 
s%k8,. :wi\ic^. : ||i$ . papa, had . garea Ifina 
for ^e rcpf) . aifd he ex|ilaiDed M hei; 
how he ^iH^ffded .io; roof it» atid hdw: hd 
i^tfttded^ aH^rwavdsy to: (batdh it ;:iho 
s^»r]^pt: fii^y two. coirfd I work, at i6: tuA 
gfi^h^Tr. rad be aaked her if she ^oiiUk 

gbe ^sffidir sbi^. belpisrecl that. die. «ho^ 
Uk^jt " by,aa4.*y^.biitj|dt.t»eih':.)lil7/ 

VOL. Iir. O .. _;f| 'Ji; yn 

; He teked facv^ wli«t the memi ^ 

V She Jaid^ ^ lo-tnopmr^ i^ sotne 
4ther da^f but not to-di^r/' 
J To^moiT^ came] Mttl littfo Untfi 
after she had sfepk «& nigiii and tfftisi^ 
iim bad eailen some bi^akfti*^ a^d after 
ffiekid fabccnne betf^riiequttteted wVk 
lA the people in thd hiomi, iviid w«MI 
sltaiig8r» to hey> began to look mdfll 
cItoerM; and^ bjr d^vees, she tiUk«tf 
s Ulttle more ;^ and pre«entiy^ sb^ be^ 
gMk to hm idbottty and to play wMi 
Iterisi ' He phiyed ^kh hen at wfeMfe^ 
ef%r thelUied belt; h# was her h&tMi 
fin? that was wbai she Mked him fo b« r 
dUd he put a bfi^ ^f piitiklSiyemt 
round his body, and let her drive hhiti 
dbid be^ kill h^ bis lieM Whip, With 
which tolM betit&ip hiMl on ai^ itilK^ 
at she pleased. 

t A^> ^laj hid; bent at Fm^^t 
li^sae tm • few dajt, she hagm ^to call 
it; bet hovao; aod iihe catted Ua molhai 
f^ fifeaiiiniA," asid ^he leesieil huppf 
•9ibar~But Frank eoidd liot^ at all 
liteeSt plajr . with her; he bad 8fev«ral 
other things to do; and^ when he dMI 
ptayi with hear, he did not diooae idnteyt 
tei fdaj at the piAy whidi 4ie juiced 
best. Sometimes, at nighty she waiRted 
him to make a oa(-'« CTadlOt or a paper 
boat, for her, when Frank wished to 
mad an ent^tainiog hook ; and jiotne* 
ianies h^ wanted to work in hia gardeni 
or to go on roofing hia hduae, wheii 
she wished faiaa to be bttr horse, or 
4o rctt her in the whedbarrow. Upon 
these occasions, Marf was sometimes a 
Htlio drosat and Frank Kma iometlMi 
;ik little impatient. 

Firaiik had nent^ finished ¥Miiiig- Ms 

o 3 

14S prank; 

kohner^nd henwai lie|finfl^tig to thttch 
ii^.'in^tbe odaiNJer jie/sa^ ih^ thatther ; 
kir [fronted: Maiyito ^htip him : He totd 
kersUe teint wait upon bim^ .as. he bad 
ikendkbejaboiirerwait upon the thatehi^v 
ivJio/iliatdaied the. bkrri. He said she 
itibdWbG Msr sfraw man ; 'aad he sboir- 
edrJwi:: bow .to scarry the straw ;*.a«d: ba 
i:bQK|^ed:hen:ali^ays tdiiereadjT wfa6fi h^ 

r. 'VMare. . ^ttfaw! -^more, man ! -^ 

-^ :For b ttttje' while^ Maty served Ihim 
}K6ll>;>and. had the sti^w 'readjr wheal 
j|pt$t!oiiIM ^^ ^^^ s^aw ! ? Btit she "was 
fioop tired, A)^ Ft-aiik oaSiid-^ v ' : 
r r ," rMore . rttaw.:! .— • liiore, : into 1 — 
imdfe!;!' several; tiroes ^before she was 

she was slow and aw|f^at^>^a4d:)i|{y.; 
;^^.»iAt:»hr:W^r M: and;: fifed. 


and' tbtt plie' wmild not be hig Mram 
man any loK^ger. Friank tried to con^ 
vince her, that die was wrong ; and, ta 
prare it to her, repeated what bis fa^ 
ther bad told him about the divirfon of 

^ You see,'' said be, '' I am ftroed t^ 
(iome down the ladder, every time I 
want straw ; I lose my t|mo, and I ean- 
not get on nearly so quickly as if you 
carried it to me. When I go on doii^ 
one thuig, and you doing another, to be 
ready for me, ypu cannot think how 
well and quickfy we get on-^that is 
dividing the labour— the division of 
labour^you understand ? ** 

Mary did ndt understand. She said 
<' I do not know any thing about that ; 
but I don't like to be your straw man - 
any longer, and X wilt not.'* 

FiMk |Mitfaed her away, telKi^ her 


l§a FRANK/ 

SheGStoocf.sfiU, jlnd.faegan tgccy. Tiie«^ 
!Rra|}k .W9S sony;he hH JielEsn .ao begry^. 
with;;her; and she dri^d up:Jier tea2»|: 
il^hoD he. fold.lier ;s6» ankt she ^Hdi ^he 
would be his straw man again,, if he. 
W9^\^ rt^t call ",More stfcav Ir- oiore^ 
ijag.l " so . veyy. fast ; : aod if. he .would 
nqt.csdl h^^a^upidor lazy^ ,... i..u 
i Xo : this, Fmnfc ag^o^d; and ,theyi. 
weqt:pn.again:for sotfie (iinf^iheth^Mirj 
iiig> ap4 she pari^iog s(r4Wy and. pl«Cn> 
i^g Jittf^ :l^njcttes ready ^9^ hiiK.: Imd. 
they. Vere v^ry .happyr he Mfwkiog/ 
(|i^c]^y» an4 she helping. hini. nicely « i 

" How mifch^^happietvis it» npl ^i 
cjprrell.^! s^l4 little; M^ry*! **;JBMt,ftQw 
I; anj; jf^ally qiiUf tifed— wiiU youi let- 
nje^rpsV?" j -i .. • , : c' / ") 1 .iJ 

"Yes, and .w^oatoe ! '.' sai|l . Fra»k }^ 
"rtfiou^h.l; qm w»t in: tb« ha»t Ikti" 

v'-He oerae down the ladder, ind he 
imtatt and looked for some wood str^iv^ 
bm^s^ and brought thenot to het, and 
they, ate them together very happily* 
. *\1 cot, aitdlyoa choose-^tteit is fair, 
is not it, Mary ? " said Frank. . . 
• ^ Whenever any pie. or ptidding, fruit, 
teJde, or any. thing, which they bath 
liked to eat', was given to thehi, Frink 
tvi&s usually desired to divide it ; and this 
be': did with * most accurate ' justice^ 
When he had divided it, as well as he 
could, he always desQ*ed Mary to choose 
whidiever piece she* liked for herself ; 
so that, if there was any advantage, she 
might— This was being just; 
but, besides b^ngjust, Frank, was ge-: 
neifous. Every thing, that was given 
to.him, to share, with his. littie cousin^! 
he. riHray^. ga.VQ bfir a part, -and Often, a: 
larger dr a letter part '^an that wbtcll 

tbif ImiC Murj and bii»»af ; fdr be dM 

tiot ^wt to be praoed for it ; ihp pW 
sure he fielt in dotD^ it» and the pleatuheit 
he saw that he gav» har^ was quite 
enough. . ^ 

r fint though Ff adq was m good-na- 
tured \& his little cpQsin, jet he bad 
fiuilte. He was passionate; and^ seme^t 
tanes, when he was in a passion^ he dki 
what \e was afterward verjr son^ fosv 
Till little Mary came to his mother's, he 
bad hot been used to five witli any one, 
wha was yoiingtr and weaker than 

When he found that he was the 
strongest, be sometimes, hi' playing 
with little Mary, took advantage of hia 
strength, to make her do what he eoin-^ 
manded hear ; an4» when he wa» impa* 
tient to get aa^r tfikif fhM bei^ be WW 

MSi^ ttefa csjitttebied or forced* it nAe\y^ 
from her hands. One day/ she liild a 
jieir ball, winch she held between both 
her Iraods, and she woMld noSt tet'Fraiik 
lode at it ; she was half iri ^ay/ and, 
ak; ftrrt, Frank !was playing with her 
abo;; but when, she persisted in 
refiniiDg to> let him see it, he grew 
angry, and he squeezed her hands, and 
tiieisted l»r ; wjist with violence, ' ' to 
make her open her hands.^ ^She beiiig 
ii^'gi^at-pani, roarred out so. loudly, 
thdt' Frank's father/ who was in the 
room over that in which they were, 
imine'down, to inquire what was the 
faratl^. :. Mai^y stopped crying the 
fBoment he appeai*ed ; Frank looked 
ashamed, but he went forward to his 
ftther directly,' and said-^ . 

It iv^. J^. who; borfi her, :papa-^I 


fugfAued ttw Jbtnfbf vt# iMlEf ji0t:|^ 

^* Yon iians hutt iier^ indeed !'*. said 
hU fyithet, feokiog at lUtle Maty't mirt t 
jrhiph waf( very r<d. and was begtnoing 
%Q pwelU^'' Oht Frask ! ^' CDntiaaed hb 
father» ^' I thought ymi would useyiHiv 
«|i»ilgth tq helpf and not to hurt, dMMt 
who are weekcr than youoielE" \ i 

^'So I do^ always^ ' papa ; ezoepi 
yfhmi idle puta me in a paflsion.'^ 
. *^ But the ban waa my pwn liall^?? 
Mid Mcuy ; ^ jEuid joli had no right to 
take it from me.'' 

^ I did not want to tabe M from yoii» 
Mary i I only impfted to hok at it ; 
Iron began ftrst to be qwss^yoa 
very crbss.'* 

^' No, Frank ; you were the cns$iUj^ 

'' ¥^ im beiU oidai now, I tUnk/' 

kgtet When yda are toother, 
fimnmffi he sejiaffitfid.'* 

TkM fie s«toi tUem into ditf<mn4 
rooms, and tfa<^ Were not iBi&WiA to 
^^ ttfgeeJier^ dttr^g' the ranaindtef ' of 

' The . hexi moming at hitsHtOisi 
PttLBk^i father kskid ihem Whether 
they had been as happy yesterday ^ 
they usudly had been; and they both 
Mswefed, no. Then he asked, 

^tkf you Ifte better to be tbgeihfen 
6r (o be separaie ? ^ 

*' ^ We like i great deal better to bd 
i)^tfeer/' saidf Frank and Mary. 

^ Then, my dear children, take care 
itA do not quarrel/* said Frank's fa- 
Act f ^fat, #heherar you quarrel, with- 
out asking anjr questions abont x^o 

%S§ fRANK. 

Wbfi began Jr^^ I eiti^ g^dyofgrfU^ 
pute at once by .sepfiratii^ ycMirr^i^i 
^rank, ' uodf^tand : (he : nattuse and itise 

of puoidba^nt ; jqu |uio]nrrh--^*' ^ .- • i 
.*^Y^$, papa, I kpo^,** ratenjuptfsi 

Frank, " that it is ^it is p^ipirr^ 

Papa^ w91 you explain; it; %, t||pfl^ 
I know it^ I^ cftnnot say it ifr *g^ 
words/' ' T ..',.. -t 

« ^ * 

, ";Try to explain i*, in any^wor^s-'* ' 
*' When yon.punisih mc^.,papK, 31^ 
give me. pain, or yofi . ta|:e soi^elfaiiig 
from me, which I like to ,haic?, .^r >yo^ 
liipdor .^.me from hayiog^ spiaethi^g; tkat 
[ like, or irom doing 9omet]tiing tiiatl 

like to iot "" .- ^ ♦ i» 

■" y[ell,^o on; wh^, an4 for.[vM*i 
r^fi»Qp»r do I give you p^ii^ tfx.ftwtf^ 


"WTongy 0Qd because I huve done ;9Qiiie« 

thing wrong/* 

r ** And do I give you this pain of pu« 
mshn;Lent because -I like 'to give you 
pain^ or for what purpose? *' 

'^Not because you like to g^ve in^ 
pain, I am sure, papa ; but to cure n^ 
of. my faults — ^to. hinder mefromdoin^ 
wrong again.'* i 

, "And -how will, punishment cureyx)u 
of your faults, or prevent you from doi;^ 
wrong again ? ** . . r . , 

" You kPipw, papa, I should be afraid^ 
to have the same punishment again^. if 
I were to do \ the same wrong t)ung; 
and the pain, and the shame of the .pu-^ 
nishment. make me remember^ — I . rer. 
member them-r-a great while: andihe 
punishment comes into, my head^ -th^t 
is, I think of it agaip, whenever Ittiink 


ataiie #l?6ng thirig, fdr which t was pu- 
ifltfMd *, and if I wns tempted to do that 
same thing again, just at the Very time^ 
I tliould recollect the punishment, and 

P ihould not do it. I believe .^ 

** Then, according^ to your descrip- 
fion off it, just punishtnent is pain given 
to a person, who has done what i^ 
wrong, to* prevent that person from do- 
ing wrong again." 

' ** Yes, papa ; that is what I wanted 
to say.* 

^* And is there no other use in punish- 
luents, do you think, Frank?*' 

*• Oh yes, papa !-^to prevent other 
pac^ple from doing wrong : because ttiej 
see the person, who has done wrong, is 
punished ; and if they are sure, that they 
i^halt hav6 the same punishment, if they 
a6 ^he same thing, they take care not 
t&doi^. I heard John, the gardenei^» 

t|^ tbei Ih>7 w^a rqhbtd hU g^49i| 
Jds( week^ wasi takev, anfl ^ad bf^ 
whipped ; aod, \hat tt^s would lie a fi^v 
exa^^ple' for »U the chil^rep iq .^hf 
viU9g?» and would hii^ler %hf\m ffORI 
doing th^ same tb^ng ag^iu.'' 

*f Then just pppishment 19 PW ilWip 
to tbof^e^ whp do wi'OPgi. tfl piTfiv^^ 
them from dojipg , that wroqg jagffin ; 
and to prevent others from dwpg 
wrong/' '. '■ 

. "Yest »pV said Jraak; '^but 
<p«paft ^Iqr do you t<U jvie all this? 
Why do you ask me these things ? " 

'' Becaus^t mj 4^r 9oii» ]if»v« that 
you are becoming a reasonable crealiiii^ 
tm^ thfft yon pan und6fst«i^ met, I wish, 
^. mu(;b p«^ posfible, to explain to 7^ 
J^ .r«»s9Mi £» all I do» in eduott^ 

p 2 

^60 "frank. 

f ou. Brutes/ who have no sense, tire 
governed by blows ; but human erea- 

ttires, who can think and reason, can 

"■ . ' < ■ * ' ' 

6e governed, and can govern them- 

'selves, by considering what is rights 

bhd what makes them happy. I do not 

treat you as a brute hut as a reasonable 

t!reature; and, on every occasion, I 

endeavbur to explain to you what is 

H^ht aiid wrdng, and whiit is just and 


" Thank you, papa,** said Frank — 
'' 1 'Wish to be treated liUe a reason- 
able* creatut^. Papa, nfay I say one 
thing ? *• 

•• As many things as you please, my 

*^ But, papa, this one thing is about 
7on ; and perhaps you will not like it*-- 
l^a^Idornofr think it is just to^»- 


'Mibt- M^jmd Bie» whenerer we <|Mnii^ 
without examining or iaqairing whitth 
m m the wrong." 

r < ff, Whep penile quarrel^ febey generall]^ 
jMfe l^tb in the wrcuig/' 

^* But not always, papa ; and ene ii 
oftea mofe ia the wrong than the othm^; 
find it iss not just, that the one who ia 
least in the wrong, should be punished 
M nradi aa the person, who did most 

/ Here Frank paused, and tk^ teiM 
bame into Im eyes; and/ after a liMe 
sttuggle within himself, he addcd*-« 

^* Now it is all orer, papa, I nsHist 
tril you, tiiat I was most to blame^— I 
was the most in the wrong, bi l^ak 
quarrel which little Mary and I ha4 
yesterday. It was I hurt bei^, by 
squeezing 'h«r hand violently, and iriMi 


162 FU/iSK. 

only, cried out ; and yet slie was inmishcd 
as riuiich. as I was." , 

•* My dear, honest, just, generom 
btiy ! '* said his Tather^ PVtti|Kg bis hand 
upon Frank's head, '^act always, ML 
always,* t& you now do ; and when you 
hasre been wrong, always have candour 
and/ courage enough to acknowle<^ 

*; Little Maty, who had gone away to 
her playthings, whilst they h^d been 
talking of What she did not understand, 
Idft her playthings, and camie b&ck, and 
stood-4ie$ide Frank, looking up in Us 
fiice,: id)d listeoiog. eagerly, when he 
Said, thM ;he had been most to blattie 
in.ltti^ii qtiarrdw And when his fatJier 
prals^ MlP> Mary smiled, and . her cgrea 
spurk^. with ^ple^sure. Afler. his father 
lw4 im^ speaking, she said-^ 

1 ** Frank is ver j good, to- tell that be 
Was tie olost wrong ; but I was a little 
yfJf^V^l I cried more than I should have 
6qw^ and a great deal louder, because 
{> was angry/' 

" There is a good girl ! " said Frank's 
iath^9 stroking her head^ — '^Now that 
is all avier, let i|s. think of the future*^- 
You. say, Frank, that you do not think 
it Just that you should be separated, 
Wh&n you quarrel, because that separar 
tion is the same, punisbfirient for both, 
1¥hen i)erhaps one only is to blame, or 
one much: iriore to blame than the other; 
Do I understand you ? — Do I i^tate 
deafly- what you mean ? " 

** Yes, papa— pretty well-*not quite« 
I cthink the separating us is just enough/ 
because, as you say, when we quarrel^ 
\fe generally are both to blame^ more 
or less : and besides, wlien we ai^ apgry 

we aumot htv^ nj pleaswe^ m befog 
togethepn^o I girc up that* But I 
Uiink, that before jou separate us^ ymi 
or marnoia should aliraja inquine^ and 
find out, which of us is most to UaMe^ 
and exactly how much; and then the 
person, who has been most wrongs wUt 
have the most shame; and tbat will 
make the panisbment just as it should 
be.** -i 

<^ Well argued, my hoy U^Tfaiii wooU 
(le strictly just, as f^r as you two are 
oonpemed ; but you must conflder, also, 
what is just for your mother and fop 

^^What do you meau, papa 7-^1 do 
not want to punish n^amiiia or you — 
you, do not qtiarreV said Frank laugh-^ 
wg^^^ I do not wish to separate you, 
or to punish mamma or you, papa—*!' 
do M* understand you."^ 

PRANR. 165 

c : V listen to liie/ afid perhaps I shall 
make: y da onklerstatid nie.— -You ' say,' 
you do not want to* pirntsh nfie or your 
mother; and yet you w<MlId punish us 
both," whenever you quarrelled, if we 
W€i« obliged to give up our tinie, and' to 
leave whatever we were doing, that was 
agicieable to'us^ in order to settle which 
of you two were most to ' blame, in a 
dispute, perhaps, about a straw, or some- 
thia^ of as Kttle value.*— Now' suppose 
yoii two M^ere to quarrel every hoor^-^'* 

"O, sir!" interrupted little Mary, 
" quarrel eviery ' hour !— Oh I-^— Oh I — 
that is quite impossible/' 

" But my father only says wip/)Me--- 
We Q^n suppose any thing, yoii know/* 
said Firaiik: " Wdl, mppose, papa^— " 

'^Atid suppose, Frank, that every 
hour it would require a quarter of an 

t6< fftANK> 

Imai^ qf your B^othcr'^ time or taiiie to 
Ibi^n td bQlh, mui^ fettle which mm 
wm% to W«infi---*«t'' 

*\ A 4Mart^ of ao hour !«T^tbat k • 
great d^hl too much time to idldw.**. 

^f W^ hare been talkjpg' wm^ Frwdk^ 
abonre a quarter of an liour^ I thtafc J* 
. ^^ Indeed !— -I M¥er should hava 
gucasQd that ! " 

^ Shiii4d^9«t joii ?.^Wlieii pfople foa 
anxih interedied. about any thing, they 
tall^on a great ArhUe^ without considmrt 
iagt how time passes.^' 

f That is true. Well, aUow a quai^r 
of an hour each quanro^ and one every 
beur>'*^ said Fsmnk. 

, ^ Aid Gpunt twoire hourpi as a day 
-«-Then <;welv6 quarters of an houri 

Mary, 1k>v many whi^ bours will that 

#lifle— •* I Am't know.- 

. l&'fa^k ansWer^i— ** Th*fee hmivs/* 

** So three whole hours, Frank, yoUi^ 
inottier or 1 must, according ib your 
pWn, give up every day, to settling ybut^ 

« That would be too much, teally ! " 
said Frank. ** But this is only arguing^ 
iipon your suppose, papa." 

" Well, state that you quarrel only 
once a day ; tell me, why your mother 
or I should be punished by taking up 
our time disagreeably in settling your 
little disputes, provided any other man- 
ner of settling them would succeed as 
well— Be just to us, Frank, as well as 
to yourself and to Mary." 

" I will, papa — I will be just to you ; 
I acknowledge we should not take up 
your time disagreeably, in settling our 



dUpQtes, if they coujkl be settled asirell 
any other way ; \but all depends ufi§^ 
that i/^— You will acknowledge that, 
father?*' .. 

*' I do acknowledge it| Fnuik. Thi» 
question can be decided, then» only by 
experience — by trying, whether the fact^ 
18 so or not. Let us try my way,if yoa 
please^ for one month ; and, afterwards^ 
if mine does not succeed, I will try- 
yours.** - > ' 

f ^ • I • 4 



** Rosamond, you did not water your 
eeramums last nierbt," said her mother. 

** Yes> mamma— ^no mamma, I mean ; 
bempse 1 could not find the rose of thQ 
little grem wateri)^ pot." 
. *^ You did not look for it, I think, 
my dear — it was on the shelfi diiiectly 
9Pposite .to you, as you go into tlie 

^ ** That shelf is so high above my 
bead, that it was impossible I could soq 
what was uposi iti." 

** fiuty though the sbfelf was so Mgff 
above your head^ you could have seeq 

i ' 


what was upon it, if you had stood 
upon the «tool^ covld xGDt f^^U ? '* said 

** But the stoo! 1WB 1iot in the green- 

" Could not you have gone for it ? '* 
liid Godfrey; 

• *^No, I could tiot,** replied Rosa« 
mond ; "because it was verf hot*, and 
Inanima had just desired me til)t to ruti 
any more then, because 1 was too hot.'^ ' 

^ Runt-'-^ut could not ybu have 
VtrtQked, Rosamond?^ 

^ No, brother, I could nOt-^I ttie^ 
that if I had walked, it would hav^ 
done no good, because one of the legs of 
tirfe stool is lodse, and I could not Mfii 
carried it, because, you knftm-, ft woriM 
batte dropped otft, ^very iitrtariti aiid, 
Hc^de^, It is very daHgeirouir to itMfl 
upon a stool whicK has a loose leg.— 

]Pfipa bimt^f md 90, Go4finsjr ; and hs 
bid. m^ fti» other ^^ a6I tq stand 
ypOA tbM sifi0ol.-t*Be3ide$f afte^r all; why 
shfw24 I have gonj^ for the ttool?^ 
How could I guess, that the f dse %i. %ht 
Y^ti^g^ptot wat lipQP thai high $helf, 
Wh^ I .d]4 not Mre the teatt gHiHl^ 
of it?" . 1 

; ^< i^Qod eiumnes^ Roaamopd^^ said 
Godfrey smiling, ** and pl^n^jr of 

' ^' jKAi not good excuses^ brothteS^ 
oHoel Rompoitd?^<^ mly .the trutk^^im 


" Well? — not good excuses, I' granl 
ypvkT said Godfr^; ^^ . 

<' Not excuses at bB,'* fierditod iU)ia^ 
CMPd«-pr^^ I ncnrer'inako exaiisfcs/* 

Upott hoanag Uus Godft^ hurat iotfk 
a loud and uncohtmUed ktugh; an^ 
liWHnon^ lodhad mare vudjfta try 


thaii to' laugh — She turned to \^t 
jnothery and, aj^aling to her^ Mid-^' 
'\ ** Now, mother, you shall be ju^dge^ 
Do I ever— I mean, do h ^/ten, make 
excuses ? " ^ 

r ** Oiily seven, if J remember rightly, 
within the last five nainutes/* answered 
her mother. 

- ^* Then, mamma, you call reasons 
excuses ? *' - 

" Pardon me, my dear, I did not 
hear you give one reason, one sufficient 
reason. Now, Rosa^nond, you shdUbe 
judge — I trust you will be an upright 

■ "Upright ! that is, honest— -O, eer- 
tainly, mamm^!** ^ ^ 

*' Could not you hare watered the 
geraniums without the rose of the liitle 
grwn watering pot ?*• 
: ^ Whyj to be8ure,:mM(imiit I^Mild 


J.- . - • 

. •* Ah ! ah ! — Now the truth has come 
qif$f at last, Rosamond ! ^ cried Godftej* 
in la triumphant tone. 

'His motfaet checked Godfifey's toM 
of triumph, and said, that Rosamond 
was now ctedid, and that therefore this 
was net the time to blame or Imigh^ at 

« Mother," said Godfrey, " I should, 
not bave laughed at her so much this 
time, if she was not always making ex«* 
excuses ; and yOu knoW' ■ ■■ ■ " 

Their mother was cidled out <^ the 
room bef<N« Godfrey could, finish what 
lie was going to say— -He Jiad said 
enough to provoke Rosamond, who ex« 

^ That is very tmjust, indeed, God- 
frey ! — But, if ever I make a mistakey 


174 JtOSAMOND.: 

bv puce da any thing :tlie kaM Jbeliihs 
or wrong, you always say, that I dhamft 

*^ I always !— No, that I denyr* 
cries Godfrey, laughing-*— <' Wh«bevA»rrjI' 
may think, I do not always say you are 

*^ You should n0t Jaugh at me, God* 
frey, because I am candid-^-mamina 
said so— And I am not always makUig' 

*^ Well, Rosatnond. because I am 
candid, I will acknowledge, that y^ 
are not always making excuses ; but I 
will lay you any wager you please, 
that no day passes, for a. week t0 come^ 
without your making half a hundi^ at 

" Half a hundred !— O, Godfrey !--. 

I am c<»iCent !-— .-What ' will you 

.,H^' iMy Uetti tb a^biffafioriiAgteV' said 
Godfrey. .. : ' ." - ' 

- •* I woiild not give A china' drdtige 
f&r^jouf heiid/' ' said Rosamoird ;. ^f bef- 
isldeir that is a vulgar expression... Bdt 
I will lay you all my kings,. Godfrtijr, 
against your woirld, tba( &r from' nftik- 
i^ half a hundrMy I do noli make olie 
single excuse a day for a nt^ecfc to 
cmii^." ' 

•* I take you at your 'Vbrd,*' omd 
Godfrey, eagerly sifeldtang out' his 
liand*^*' Your kings ' of England 
agaiBsi my jmnxng'map of the world. 
But/' sidded he; ** I advise you, Rosa^ 
mood, hot to . lay! siich a nsh. wager ; 
fdf you will be sure id > lose, d»d' yoor 
kings ate Mbtih more than xny wbiid, 
because Thave lost some little bits of 

it."- ' • • 

. i' I knt)\t that; but I shall keq) taf 

Tmg.mii'mkk^ ym hatt tefl|[ «f Ibis 

world, you will see." 

'« WiA »7 voiidP' cried Godfrey— 
^ No» no, BosamCMid ! liiten t^ Vf^^rrr 
I will not t«fce adrnntagft of jmd*<^ jvU 
3U0W you, ten excuses » defy." 

^ No, thank* you, brokher/* said 
Bosamond-**^'* one a day is quite eno^jigfc 
fer mc.** 

*' You abide by your wager, t^n* 
SMamond ? '^ 

'' To be sure I di^ Godfrey.'' 

^ Then we begin to monrow ; for yoa 
know to day cannot be counted, because 
you made sevein in fire minutes/ 

<^ I know that,** interrupted Hosar 
nond**^^ To day goes for nolliinf ; 
we begin. ta momw, which is Men* 

Monday came; and so strict was 
the guardi which Bosamond kept over 

TffE-WAfeEk.' Hi 

^rseir, that-^sliis did Aot, ' as even- Godi 
frey allowed/ teake one single excusd 
before breakfast time, though she wa^' 
«fp iari hour and a ^ half.^ But, in the 
cdttrte of the morning, Whcfn her mothei^ 
foitnd some fault with her writing, and 
observed that she had not crossed fiei^ 
tljei?, RbsaHnond answfeteff—*-' - 
' '^ Mamma, it was the fault ot tU 
peii, "^YAcli scrdtdhed so, that- 1 could 
not write with it." -". ' ^ 

• . ** An excuse ! an e^diise ! " * cried 

Goflftey.-"' '' ' '^ ^/ ^ f.- ": - 

"Nay, try the pen ' yourself, Godi 
frey ; ^nu'Jrou wilFsee how it sci*fttches 
arid skitters, f oo.'^ - - *- ' ^ 

•* But let it scratch or sputter e*^if 
so tnueh; ho^ ' d6i^!d it pi'event you 
front crossing your /e^* ? •' •' ■ ^' — 

- '^Jt cdtiltf:; bedause'if I hadxr^sfed 
the tees with tlhif peiVt tie wftJhrpJag^ 

YfQH^ l^v» bow mf^kk^ mi ,w^M 

jmt li]ce tbU lin^ vbtre,! fitd b^|^ 
(o (TQM them." 

f* Coidd not you t^ another jpmk 

9r fnf»4 ^us» or Mk wwwmi ^ mmi 
H?r-70b, QOIMIQ94* yaw kser *W» 

^ tn exco^ !^ 

« WeU, it i» fnay owj," said Rwr 
9Wndrn-*< Aud ypu Ifpqfr, lilHlfe if. I do 

fi4^ m^kf iQo^ ^Q 9m ip » ^y^l 

win the daj.** 

Theie'i » gfeAt blot," f«i4 QWfrey. 

Because I had no blotting pipov 
tnwtker,,'' s{^ RosamoQ^. 

T^ inqoHsp^ ab^ bad utWf^ ^ 
words she wished to xeqal tbfm^S :IS9K 
^^dfi?f «fcU4i|iQd-r 
. 'f Infill have lost ttw.d^t iR9Wi»flin4.' 
— therc^s another e^ifCWie ; liinr i^ |f 
Iliaia yptt h|td b)(^ti<i£ p^pw 09 your 
§«SJI(r.,tl49«|c, ]^i« it^ if i "*' • . •.■..;; 

THE W^(0£IL 17^ 

< RoiMMn^ WM aihttfiKfid lAid teiMl-^ 
^ For sMh « liMte tifi)r vtius^, tb losd 
mirdsjrr' «tid db^i f^ftnd When I 
MBfljr. did fto« iee Hie blottitig paper. 
]iv4v h9ike9tr, this i» onljr Motidajf^^ 
I wAl td» b0Met<»i«6 oti Taedday.** 

Titeid^y tiuM, ^iMd hAd nearly pftss^ 
ed in an irreprdai!!iAM6 inannM; but; 
ki ts^peti vt haippen«di that Ro!iamond 
threw down a jug, and, as 6be pickdl 
It up again, »he saidk^ 

- StotnebCMfy pM it 16 near the edg« 
«f tile taUe, tti^ I tduld not h«lfi 
^ftMWing It dowm"* 

I'Tbte GMdfi«y ^sidled an exeuse ; 
Ihougft^. RAflMoMd proMrted^ thUi ahfe 
IHd Mt ttean it for ^rae. She ftrtMfr 
jdttfd^i that It woiild he hard, imde^. 
If ikm ^iMft to leM her Aijr foii^ 

caus^ the j^^ Wi$$ KatiibooUn ^bjr tiiiEf 
fall^ and |t.was ^mp^y; itoo ;' so iidt 1^ 
l^«^t niisdilftf ;w#p;dan^ t|> i^ny thiv^jef 
any qreatur^;; , aiid,;iio ^aoejiuMi eititai 
blamed her.;. S0(j[(b«<>^ 119 J^Q*mtnickMH 
^he had qpt- b^divti^ s^|e^e9t teoffte- 

tju)i} to nia^qjan^excuitev 

r This iRTas^all triie, biit j^qdfr^y wmdd 

|qbO)k aUoi^t it. 

That she had jio teuifiAati^ to$ qniM 
^;§xcM9ef Godfrey W|ws ixi^iwiUiBg to 
/Mow; but he:i«roiild «>t,a4fllH> HtMlil 
was therefore certait^ ^h^ hadiJRMd^ 
•nane^ : Op: tlt^ x^ntrary, he mniiAUtin- 


wlikli '^^ Rosamond, days, weeks, and 
itnoivths before this time, had done that, 
of ^hich she was now accused. 

^ Well/' said Rosamond^ ^' it is only 
-Tuesday ; I will give it up to you, bro- 
HiasXy raUier than dispute about it any 

<f That is right, Rosamcmd,": said her 
>0iother. . ^ 

Wednesday came* Rosamond de« 
itermindd, that, whenever she. was found 
i:fakiltr'with, she would not say any thif% 
in her. own defence ; she kept this reso- 
lution heroically. When her mother 
smd to her — 

> ** Rosamond, you have left yom* bon- 
.net on the ground, in the hall — ^" . * - 

Oodfirey . listened to Rosamond's reply, 
in the full expectation that she wouM, 
according to her usual custom^ > have 
answered—- ^ # 

VOL. in. R 

1^ m^AMQim. 


V Because J l^d ntoit time to iHtt it 
jBff:^ mamma'''— pr> f^ Because papa palM 
me" — or» *^ B^causQ somebody tlireir 
it down, after I had huog it up/' 

But, to his purprise, Bosan^oiid nuide 
nppQ of these her habitual esicuses : she 
answered — 

" Yes, mamma, I forgot to put it in 

its place— -I will go and put it. by this 

iGrodfrey attended cai:efiiiU7 to every 
ijgQvd Bosamopd said this dajr ; and the 
more she sa^ that he watehed her, the 
ppre caMtious she became. At last, 
however, when Grodfrey was not in the 
irocnq, apd when Rosanv>nd was less on 
her guard, she made three excuses, one 
after another, about a hole in her gown, 
Vhiuch 9he had n^lected to mend — 

ff Mamyma, it is not mf fault ; I beUere 
it was torn a^the wash.'' 

TH£ WAGER. t$$ 

But It was proved; by the fresh 
edges of the rent^ that it must have been 
torn since it had been irbned* 

Rosamond next said, she had not 
seen the hole, tiU after she had put the 
gown bn ; anji then, she could nbt 
mend it, because it was so far behind. 

Could riot eke Have taken Mie gdwn 
o£F again, her mothbr asked. 

" Yes, ma'am ; but I had not kuj 
thread fine enough." 

" But you had cotton that was 
fine enttUgh, Kdsdmbnd.*-- — Three ex- 
cises ! •' 

" O^ matiima ! — Have I tnad^ three 
excuses ? " cried Rosamond— « This 
day, tiio, wheii I tdok such pains I-^.'* 

Godfrey canie back, and seeing h& 
sifter look sbrrdWful; he asked what 
wtlS Ihe toiatter* She hei^itated; and, 

B 8 


sbeming Very unwilling to speak, at last 

''You will be glad of what I am 
Sony fot ! ** 

; '".Ha! — ^Then I guess what it is — 
You have lost the dty aigain^ and I have 

Godfi^y clapped his bands in triumph, 
and capered ab6ut the room/ 
; •* My woridT is safe ! sliafe I— I really 
thought Rosamond' would have bad it 
to-day, mamma!" • /- 
. Rosamond cduld hardly repress her 
tears ; but Godfrey was so full of big 
own joy, that he did not attend to her 
feelings* ' , 

'? After all, it is only Wednesday, 
brother, remember that !^^ cried Rosa- 
mond, '* I have Thursday, Friday, Sa- 
tunlay, and Sunday to come«--^I iqay 


iHn tiife day, and it^iii the wnA^ 

* ^ Not you ! " said Godfrey, scornftaUy 
"^^^ you will go on the same to-morrow 
as t6-day. You see you have 96 mtirii 
the habit of maMbg excbsbs, that yoU 
cannot help it, you cannot cure yourself 
«-^at ledst not in a wedc. So I am 

1 "^ So that is alt yoik think of, brother ; 
End you don't cire whether I cure 
xhyfeelf of my faults or ndt^'' said Kosa^- 
ittond, while the tears trickled down 
her cheeks. '> You wi ifa; indeed^ thiA I 
shbtdd not cure myi^lf.^^^'^-^'Ofa, brb^lievs 
is this right ? is this gbod-iiiitured I is 
this like you ?'^ 

' Godfrey changed cmikitenanoe y and 
after Icand&ig stffi, aqd thinking for a 
moment Me said^ 

'< It is not like niel^t is libt good- 


jiatured-'^andiJ am not. sure that it is 
right. But, my dear Rosamond ! I do 
care, about you,. and.I do wish ]^oa 
should cure yours^^ of your fistulta^ 

oaly . this wedc I wish^ *in short, 

I: cannot, help wishing to win my 
"wiger// . 

. : " That is very natural^ to be sure^" 
said Rosamond ; ** but I am sorry for 
,it ; . for we used to be so happy tog:ether, 
and now, you are always glad when I 
4imjsorryi and sorry when I am glad; 
and .when I do; most wrong, you 0» 
moatr glad — And all for the sake of 
keeping .your. paltry world, and winning 
ihy jp&QY. kings.! " . :..*■. 

*' No, indeed ! " exclaimed Godfi^j 
<<it i^ qokforiihe ss&e of the woHd, or 
.ihe.k^og^4«l for you know I woidd gitje 
you my world, or any thkig I haye ,upcm 
earth, JtMamoad;* 


. M Yefe," sftid lUfsamondi wiping* away 
her tears ; " I remember, you offeFed 
me your worid the first day you had it : 
^ut I would not take it, aud I. don't 
want it now — I would even give up niy 
kings to you, if it was not for my wager 
—You know I cannot 'give up ray 

wager.*' '. ' 

J " Nor I neither ! '* cried Godfrey— 
^ The wager is what I cannot give up ; 
I must prove that I am righf 

" And that I am wrdng !— Ayi there's 
the thing !— -you want to' triilmph over 
me, .brother/* * 

^.; '^And if I d0| this does you a great 
deal of good, because, you know, you 
do^not like to be triumphed over — 
therefiMre, you take bare not to be found 
in the wrong* Do not you see, that, 
innee 1 laid this wager/ you hsive taken 
more pains, than ever you didin yofur 
life before, not to mi^e exjBiiaies ? '* 

18i ftOSAMORD: 

** Ttm !-«-ft msy dd nie good i^ that 
Wfijr^ but it dMis not do me good alttj^ 
^ther ; becsiude it makes me angry with 
yon, and wouM mbke me, I do b^evej 
didike jroii, if it v^ent on lo%.'* 

*• fTent m fon^— I do not kno^r whijt 
th&t meaHfi/' 

** If you went on laying wagSrs wWi 
me; iliat I ^boid do wrdug \ I do hot 
think sueh wagel^s are good thiiigS; 
Now I will ask madiitaa~])femntia has 
liot s^id ohe i;(roitii though I am siire ^he 
M^ hbard all wfe have been sa^in^, 
because I saw her look hp frorii her 
i^rol^k several ttibes kt us U)tti-^— ^\IVI1, 
ttfamma, what do you ttiink ? '^ 

^ I think, my dea^ Rosaiiibnd; thtffc 
ybu havb ir^dsoned better than ym w!^ 
ally do, and that thefre is much irudi 
and good sense in what ybu hitve Mid 
iritout this wi^Or.'' 

Rosi^iiiOitd loohei happy. Obdlrey^^ 


without seemiugi^lea&ed^ as he usually 
did* when he heard his sister ipi^ised. 

** Maranut, do you really disapprove 
of wagers ? '* 

: ^M do. not say, that I disapprove of 
all wagjerSy" rejdied his mother ; <' that 
is another . question, which I will . not 
now disouss; ,but I disapprove of this 
particidar wager> nearly for the r^sons 
^ which Bosamoad has given/' 
, ^^ Butj OMimoia, do not you think 
that it did her gpod^ to try io cure her- 
self of making excuses^ and thdt my 
wager maile hier t»ke.great. gare ?T-Apd, 
you knowy if she were to dislike tAe, 
because she was in the wrong, at kst, 
or because site was to lose her wager, 
thiit would^ stiU be. her fault-^-the fault 
of hex temper," 

*' liCt us, for the present, le»ve out of 


thequestbn whose fiiiilt it Wotfld te; 
itnd tell me, my dear Godfre^f; do f^fk 
wish to make your sister dislike you ? * 

^ Oh» no^ mamma !— ^oa know I do 

*' Should you likfe a person irhb Vas 
glad when jrou weresorry, and sorry when 
you are glad ?-^Should you like a pet^on 
who tejoiced when you cdmniitted emf 
fault, whb did hot wish ybU td cttK 
yourself of your fiiiilts ?— -Should you 
like a person who told ydti, that you 
cotild not cuj*e yourself df your iPauM^, 
especially when ydu were trying to 
improvb yourself as nkilch as yoti W^ife 

<' No — I should not like a period, 
who did all this. I understand yoft, 
mamma— -I was wrong/' said Gddft^y. 
^^ It was my eagerness about tfttft fo^ 
i&h wagidr; that mtde tm itt-ttatniea to 

j^asatDondrTr*! will give up the ffae&^, 
thougb I ^£41]r tl^ipk I should ifip it-^ 
B^t I will giye it ]up, if msmip^ jidvises 
us to give it up." 

*s I re»lly tibiink J should Vio*'* said 
,|U^ii;iODd; ^^ M | will give it ufb if 
mamoiia advjj^s us to give it itp^" 

<f I do advise yoju to giv^ tip this 

JTOgF* Wy ^^^ QhiWren," mi tjifiir 

'^ Sq we wiJi, aud so yire dp," ^add 
Ji^h ^saqaoud and Godfrey, runnii^g 
HP to one another, and shaking hands. 

"A^d I assuf^ you, brother,'* said 
BoipmoDd, '' I will take a9 inueh pftins 
to ^re inysc^ of leaking excuses, as 
if the wager was going on ; afid my 
«rager fdl^all be with myself, that I will 
m^kwkQt a jingle f^cuse to-morrow, fxr 
Ibe n&iiU or the next' day, and that 
jssmy day I flh^H be Misr $\im I w» 

19® . ftOSAMOND. 

the day befope-^And you wfi be glad 
of that, Godfrey, shall you not P** * 

** Yes, glad with all my heart,*- said 
Godfrey. r - ; 

" And that will be a good sort of 
wager, will it not^ mamma ?-^a good 
sort of trial with myself, noamma ? *' ■ • 

" Yes, my dear . child ;^ • answered 
her^mbther. ** It is better and wiser, 
to endeavour to triumph over ourselves, 
than over any body else. But now let 
me see, that you^ do what you say 
you will do ; for many people resoire 
to'ciire themselves Qf th^ir faults, but 
few really have resolutiori' enough to do 
efven what they say and know to be 
right.'* : ^ - : 

' RosMMibnd did as she said she would 
do. She took every day pains to cure 
herself of her bad liafait Of making eK- 
cui^es/and her brother kindly aadsted 


Ker, and l^joiced with her, when, at 
the end of the day, she could say, with 
truth — 

*' I have not made one single excuse 

Godfrey, some time afterwards, asked 
his mother what her objections were to 
laying wagers in general. She an- 

*' I am afraid, * that you cannot yet 
quite understand my reasons, but I will 
tell them to you^ and^ some time or 
other, you will recollect and understand 
them: I think, that the love of laying 
wagers is likely to lead to the love of 
gatning, if the wagers are about matters 
of chance ; or to the love of victory,' in- 
stead of the love of truth, if the wagers 
relate to matters of opinion.' 





^f A F4RTY of pleasure ! Oh, mi^inma ! 
let fis go»" said Rosamond. ^ We shaU 
be so happy, I am sure." 

f< What ! because it is a ps|rtf of 
pleasure^ my dear?" said her mpt}ier, 

<' Do you knqwj mammf^" qontiimed 
Ro^pdond, withmt . listenii^ to wh^l 
her mother said^ *^ Do you know, mam* 
iiui» that they are to go in the boat qd 
the riy^r ; and there are to be streamer^ 
%iiig^ and niusic playing, all the time. 
And Mrs. Blisset^ wd Miss Bfisset, iind 
the Master Blissets, will be here in a 
few minutes. Will- you go, mamma ? 


and tauy Gddbtj and I go with yotu 
mainoia ? '* 

•* Yes, my dear.'* 

Scarcely had her mother uttered the 
word, ^* yes," than Rosamond made a 
loud exclamation of joy ; and then nain 
to tell her brother Grodfbey, and return- 
ed rejieating, as she cap^ted iElbout the 
roond, . 

*^ Ohi we shall be so happy ! so 
h^pj^ ! " 

" Moderate your transports; iny deair 
Rosamond,'" said her mother. ** If you 
iexpect so much happiness befbreh'and, 
I am afraid you will be disappointed." 

" Disappointed, mamma! ■ ■ ' I 
thought people were always happy on 
parties of pleasure--^Miss Blisset told 
me so." 

<* My dear^ yoti had better jtidg^ fbr 


JI96. "^' ROSAMOND. . 

yourself . than tnisti without knowing 
any thing of the matter^ to what Miais 
Blisset tells you." 

• **' But, matnmay if I know nothing of 
.the' matter, how can I judge; and how- 
can I poftstbly help trusting to what 
Miss BUsset tells me?" 

" Is it impos^ble to wait tfll you 
know more> my dear Rosamond ? *' 
, ** But I never wad on a party of plea- 
sure in my life, mamma; th^riefore I 
cannot judge beforehand/' 

" Tine, . my dear ; that is the very 
thing I am endeavouring to pohit out 
to you/' 

'* But, mamma, you said, do not 

raise your expectations so high. Mam* 

• • • 

ma, is it not better to think I shall be 
happy beforehand ? You know, . the 
hope makes me so happy, at this pre- 


m^ioiauui. ' And, ilfl thoii^t I ^ould 
b6 unh^i^, I should be iinhdi^ 

** I do not wish yoii to think ;^od 
Asitt be tinhappy, mjr deki-. I wish 
you t(3 have as ihuch bf the t)led^ 
sant feeling of hope^ at this minute^ 
Us ioM eati have^ without its being 
Ibllbwed by the pain of <iisappoint-' 
tttent. And, abovb all» I wish ^ou tii 
itteiid to your olvn ifeelings, ihat ;^6ti 
may find out what makes you happy^ 
and what makes you unhappy. Now, 
you are gbing on a party of [Pleasure, 
my dear ttoscihi&nd, aiid I beg thM 
ybu will observe whether you drife hap- 
yf or not ; and observe what it is thM 
pleases you, or entertains you \ for ybii 
ktidw, that it is not iiierely thb hatn^ of 
k partjr of pleasiiire, thftt bah inake i| 
al^rebaUe to us." 



' "No, not merdy the tianie^.to ite 
sure)'' said Rosamond. *^ I am not ^o 
foolish) as to think that ; yet the- t^ame 
sounds very pretty." 

Here the conversation was ; inter- 
rupted. ; A carriage came to the doar» 
and Rosamond exdaimed — r . 

" Here they are, mamma ! Here 
are Mrs. Blisset . and Miss Blisset, and 
her. two brothers. I see tlieir headp^in 
thj^ cjiiach ; 1 will run and put on my 
hat." : 

. '^I assure you, mamma/' continued 
Rosamond, as she was tying the striqigs 
of her hat, " I will rememl^er to tell 
you whethpr . I have been happy or 
not. I think I know beforehand what 
I shall say.*' 

Rosamond went with her motl^c^r^ 
and Mrs. Blisset, and Miss Bljsset, and 
the two Master Blissets^ on this party of 


pleasure; and the next noorniog; when 
Rosamond went into her ' mother^s 
room^ her mother reminded her of her 

" You promised to tell me, my dear, 
whether you were as happy yesterday 
as you expected to be." 

^' I did, mamma. — You must know, 
then, that I was not at all happy yes- 
terday ; that is to say, I was not nearly 
so happy as I thought I should have 
been. I should have liked going in 
the boat, and seeing the streamers 
flying, and hearing the music, and 
looking at the prospect, and walk- 
ing in the pretty island, and dining out 
of doors under the large shady trees, if 
it hf|d not been for other things, which 
were so disagreeable, that they spoiled 
all our pleasure." 

«Wh^ were those l^sftgi^^tfe 


»' MUkiima, thef were Httk thfiigg | 
yet they were very disagreeable. Little 
^putes ; little ijiiarrels, mixAhii, t)e- 
twieen Miss Blisset and het* brother^, 
about every thing thiat was to be donei 
First, nJ^Hfen ^e got itito the b6ai the 
youngest hoy wanted us to sit on 6tie 
dide; and Miss Blisset wanted us tb sifc 
on the oth^r sidet now^ mamma, yoti 
know, we could not do both ; but Ihiey 
Weiit on, disputiHI^ about this, for h&tf 
an houri and Godfrey and I were S(i 
f^hamed; and SO ^orry, that we coalA 
ndt have any pleasure tn listening fd tii^ 
nnuste; or in locking at the prospect 
Yoti were at the other end of the boat; 
mamma ; and you did not se6 ot he&r 
all this. Then we came to tli^ Mioiki 


and then I thought We should be happy ; 
but one of the bojs . said, ^ Come this 
way, or you will see nothing ;* and 
the Other boy . roared out, * No, they 
mu^t ,come my way ;' and Miss Blissek 
insisted, upon our going her way. And 
all thq. time we were walking, they 
went on disputing about which of their 
ways was the best. Then they looked 
so discontented, and so angry, with 
onje. an(^ber ! I am sijre, thej were not 
happy ten minutes togetherv ^U day 
long ; and I said to myself^ * Is this a 
party of pleasure ? How much happier 
Godfrey and I are every day, even with- 
out going to this pretty island ; and 
without hearing this music, or seeing 
the^e fine prospects! Much happier; 
because we do not quarrel with one 
anotb^ about every trifle \"\ 

SOS AosAuam. 

•^My dear;* igoid h» toothdrj *• I 
am glad ydu have had an opportunity 
of seeing all this." 

^ Mamma; instead of its being a 
party of pleasure, it wad a pafty of 
|>aih! Ob, mauima! I shall neVei* 
wish t<r go on another part;f of plea- 
sure! I have done with parties of 
pleasure, for ever," cdnduded Rosa- 

'^ You know, t£kf dear JKosamoad, I 
warned yoii tiot to r^se your expec« 
tion^ too highi lest you should be did- 
appoiuted. You have found, thai tin* 
less people are good-tempered and 
bblighig; abd ready to yield to (Due^ 
another; they tuake paiii^ as you say, 
even oiit Of pleasure ; therefore^ avoid 
quarrelsome people as tnUch ad jtnk 
can, and never itiiitiite them ; bftt da 


not declare against all parties of plea- 
sure, and decide, thftt jou have done 
with them for ever, because one hap- 
pened not to be as delightfdl as you had 
expected that it would be." 



Rosamond, at this time, was with her 
mother in London. One morning', 
an elderly lady came to pay her mo- 
ther a visit. This lady was an old friend 
of her mother's ; but she had been, for 
some years, absent from England, so 
that Rosamond, had never before seen 
her. When the lady had left the room 
Rosamond exclaimed — 

** Mamma ! I do not like that old 
woman at all. I am sorry, ma*am, that 
you promised to go to see her in the 
country, and to take me with you ; for 
I dislike that woman, mamma."* 

** I will not take you with me to her 


house, ' if you wish not to go there, 
Rosamond ; but why you should dislike 
that lady, I cannot even guess: you 
nerer saw her before this moraing, and 
you know nothing about her." 

•* That is true, mamma ! but I really 
do dislike her — I disliked her, from the 
first minute she came into the room/* 

" For what reason ? " 

'* Reason, mamma ! — I do not know 
—I have no particular reason." 

** Well^ particular or not, give me 
some reason." 

^' I cannot give you a reason, mam- 
ma, for I do not know why I did not like 
the woman ; but you know, that, very 
often- or, at least, sometimes—^--- 
without any reason— without knowing 
why — we like or dislike people." 
, « ^ fVe /'—Speak for yourself, Rosa- 


vfkoni ; for mj pwt, J j^w^js have fomf 

reason for liking or Wkin? V^op^-'' 
" Mamma, I date saj, I have sopjE} 

MAson too, if I cQu^find it on* ; Iw* I 

never thought; ahont it." 

« I advise jTQu to think ahpujb it, and 
find it ont. Silly p^i^e, somfitini^» 4k<V 
or take a /anqf, as they call it> at ^tk 

sight, to persons who ^ nPt^ de^^Te to 
be liked ; who have bad t<mpei% had 
characters, 1^ qualities, gtometiines, 
sUljr people take a difllikfe or, as they 
call it, an antipathy, to those who haxp 
good qualiiies, good characters, and 

good tempers ." 

«* That would be !»nlufA:y— rrun- 
fiNTtunate," said Rosamond* beginning fft 
V>ok grave. 

** Yes; uidudcy, unfwtunate, fw 
the aflly pe(^; because they 


if thQr hid their dboic^^ ehooie td Vt^t 
with the bad instead of with the good } 
dioosd to Uve with tUose^ who would 
iiiate them unhappy, instead of with 
those, who would make them happy:" 

V That would be a skd thing indeed^ 
mamma-^very sad. Perhaps, thai 
woman to whom I took a dislike, or — 
what do yoa call it?— an antipathy , 
inay be a good woman, mamma.'* 

^' It is possitd^, Rosamond.^' 

^^ Mumtaia, I will not be one of the 
silly people— I will not halre an anti- 
jiithy — ^Whdit Is an autipathy^ mdm* 

*• A feeling of ^like, for which we 
cad give iio reason:'^ 

Rosamond stood still and silent foir 
some moments, consid^tiiig deeply, 
ftnd then suddenly bursting out latiigh- 
ifig, fllie IdUgHed fyt sonie time, witb- 



out being able to' speak. At last^ slie 
said — 

** Mamma* I am laughing at the 
vety odd^ siUy reason I was going to 
give you for disliking that lady — 
Only because she had an ug^y, crboked 
sort of pinch in the front of her Uack 
bonnet." . 

*' Perhaps, that was a sufficient rea« 
son for. disliking the black bonn^/' 
said Rosamond's mother; ** but not 
quite sufficient for disUking the person 
who wore it." 

*^ No> maknma; because she does 
not always wear it> I suppose. She 
does not .sleep in it, I dare say ; and, if 
I were to see her without it, I mi^^t 

« Possibly." 

'* But, mamma, there is . another 
reason why I disliked her ; and thUi, 

THE ilACK fidkNET. ^0| 

^^hapii, is a bad and unjust Reason ; 
but still I cannot belp disliking the 
things and i;his thiii^ ihe caiinot take 
off or put on as she pleases ; I eail 
iiever see her withdiit it, ihatniha ; and 
tiiis is a thing I miist always dislike; 

• * * * » 

stid my knowing, that this i^ the rea* 
son that I dislike her, do<es liot mak^ 
fne dislike her tiie lekst tlie l^s/' 

" • The least the less ! ' * repeated 
Rosamond*s mother: " by the accu- 
racy of your language^ Rosamond, I 
perceive how accurately youf think at 

" Oh, mamma, but this does hot 
depend oii thinking, mamma; this de- 
pends on feeling-^Mdmma, I wonder 
— I have a great curiosity to know — * 
whiether jou took notice of that shockiiig 
tiling ? " 

** Wlien you have told me, what thi) 



shocking thing is, I shall be able to 
satisfy: your curiosity." v ; 

" Mamma, if you do not know it, H 
did not shock you, that is clear/' 

" Not perfectly clear." 

*^ Then, mamma, you did see it, did 
you ? And how could you help being • 
shocked by it?" 

" Will you tell me what you mean, 
Rosamond?" .> 

*^ Then, mamma, you did not see it.'' 

« ' It; what ? " 

" When her glove was . offi mamma» 
did not you see it — the shockiiag fia* 
ger, mamma ; the - stump of a finger, 
and the great scar all over the back of 
her hand ? Mamma, I am glad she did 
not offer to shake hands with me, for I 
think I could not have touched her 
hand ; I should have drawn back 




. '* There is no danger, that she should 
ever offer to ^shake hands with you, 
Rosamond, with that hand ; she knows, 
that it is disagreeaUe — ^If you observe, 
she gave me her other h^nd." 

** That was well done. So die knows 
it is disagreeable. Poor woman ! how 
sorry', and ashamed of it, she must be." 
. ^* She has no reason to be ashamed 
she has more reason to be proud of it.'" 

"Proud of it! Why, mamma?*— 
Then you know something^ more about. 
ifc^Will you tell me all you knowj 

" I know, that she burnt that hand , 
in saving her little grand-daughter from 
being burnt to death. . The child, going 
too near the fire, • when she was in 
a room by herself^ set fire to her frock ; 
the muslin was in flames instantly ;; as 
she C9uld not put ou^ the flaine, she 

313 ROSAllOl!7&. 

rail siaeeamng to^i«f dooi': fh« i^rtSlts 
c*me— soifie were afhiid, itid biMe &tt 
not kiio# wii&t tb do— Heir gniM-^ 
mother heitrd the cbild*^ teream»i4ftft 
up stairs— saw all her dOtH^ Md K^ 
hair oil fire. She instaiitfy h>ll^ her 
lip in h Tugy that' wasi on tKe heaHhl 
The kind grahdtnother did ^dt^ hd#^ 
evei*^ esca^ unhuH; though islie did iiot 
at the time know^ or feel, ho^ niuiAi. 
Bai #heh the surgeon had dreised tlie 
child's burns, then she showed hini her 
owii hand. It was so terribly burnt; 
that it was found necessary to ciit off 
cinfe joint of the finger. The scar, which 
you saw, is the mark of the btiftt.'' 

•* Dear, good, coiirageous womati !— 
And what ^ kind, kind grandmother!" 
cried Rosamond, '* C(h, mamrififl, if 
I had known all this!— -Now I fli) 
know all this, hoV dOfereirtly t f&I~ 



How unjust, how foolish, to dislike her i 
—And for a pinch in a black bonnet ! — 
And for that very scar! — that very 
Jiand Lv Mamnaa, I would not draw 

back my hand, if she was to offer to 

shake hands with me now Mamma^ 

I wish to go to see her now — Will you 
take me with you to her house in the 
country ? " 

" I will, my dear." 



It will be a great wH3e before w4 
cobe td the India cabitiet. Fii^t> tVl^rb 
are arrangements for several jouriieyii 
to be made. Whoevei* hiis a clear Hbad 
for these things, and who can understand, 
at first hearing it told, how various 
people intend to go and to come, find to 
meet iipon the road, may, if they please, 
read the following page — ^Others had 
better skip it, because they certainly will 
not understand it. 

Rosamond's father was at this time 
absent. He was gone to place Orlando 
at a public school ; he had taken God- 
frey with him, that he might have the 


pleajture of the journey with his hro« 
ther : ]i^ut Godfrey was not to be left sit 
the school^ as he was q ot yet sufficiently 
preimre^ for it* He was to retup with 
1^ father; and his father, on his way 
hoqie, yfBB to call at the house of his 
»f ter, to bring back Jjoura : she had 
been for some tim^ with her aunt, who 
hfi4 pot been well. 

Rosamond's pother, in the meaii 
tiine, determined to go to Egjerton 
Girpvey to see the ladj/ of the black 
^Mnet; §nd Rosamond was now eager 
to apcompany her mother. 

Mrs. Egerton^ for that was the name 
of tbp lady of the black bonnet, had 
also invited Rosamopd's father and sister 
to Egerton Grove, and they we^e to 
Vf^i Rosamqnd and her mother there, 
QO liieir way home. 

^i^lism^^ vWith |ier mother^ airived 

316 ROSAMOND. • 

• • • 

at Mrs. Egerton's. With feelings veff y 
different from those, with which she h^d 
seen Mrs. Egerton the first time, Rositi- 
mond now saw this lady ; and, quite 
forgetting whether her bonnet was black 
or white, Rosamond was struck with fee 
old lady's benevolent countenance, and 
good-natured smile. Mrs. Egerton' in- 
troduced her to her grand-daughter, 
Helen, the little girl, who had been so 
much burnt. Rosamond, as soon ks 
she had an opportunity, began' to talk 
to Helen about that accident; andHeten 
told her the whole history of it over 
again, adding many little circumstances 
of her grand-mother's kindness and pa- 
tience, which increased Rosamond's 
present disposition to admire and love 
her. Not a day, and scarcely an hour 
passed, but Rosamond liked her beiter 
and better; and with good reason, for 


not a day or hour passed without Rosa^ 
mood's hearing something instructive 
or entertaintngt ftom this old lady, who 
was particularly fond of children ; an4 
who knew how to please and amiiie» 
without flattering or spoiling them. . 
. One morning, Mrs, il^gerton took 
Rosamond into her dressing - roomt 
where there was a large India cabinet 
She opened the doors of this cabioei^ 
and told Rosamond, that she might look 
at all that was contained in the twdve 
drawers of this cabinet. The first 
drawer, which Rosamond opened, was 
full of shells ; and the first shell, which 
caught Rosamond's attention, was one 
which looked, as she said, like a mpn- 
^troMsly large ^nail shell, about eight 
inches across, pr as wide as the breadth 
of a sheet of paper ; as she laid it down 
lipon a sheet of letter paper, which was 

YOL. Ill, u 


on the tabids it newlf coirifr^ tbi wliPlll 
tarMdth of it The shell looked as i£ 
it was made of tbin^ tisaoftparent^ white 
fisfev. It was a little broken^. so thaib 
lAte could see thf inside^ which wbs 
divided into a number of partitionsi or 
Asttnct cells ; she counted abcait forty, 
and through each bf 4h^e there wei 
A bole large enough, as Rosamond 
lilotight, to admit a pencil or a pen. 

Mrs. Egerton told her, thtit tbis was 
th^ sbett of the nautilus. 

^' Ha r cried Rosamond, ^' how glad 
I am to seQ the nautilus ! » 

' Leum sir 1^ little nautilos to sail^ 
filpr6ML.fhe.diin dsr sad catdh thB ddnng ffiW#'. 

But, mai'am, how does the nautilda 
sail? Where is the tiiin oar? I do 
not «ee any thing here like oars, of 

Mn, Cgertoa told her, thai wtat 


tto poet calls the saib and.tlm 6ta$, Imn 
)mg to tke figh itaOfy rad not to theshelk 
** You can read an account of the naiH 
tfiuft/ my dear, in se^dral bbokt^.Miliicby 
I &ire sky, your father Has; aiidllMBif 
liew I can sho^ir how ? 

^^ Thank you^ ma^aai/' iataemtilgd 
Rosamond ; ^ but wiH you tcUime jmft 
« Iktle about it n<lwi ^Hd i will iMtfor 
the ]«it'aftarwunls«'* 

Mm. JlSgcMon thdn toU her^ that tht 
nautitUs bias eight arms or legs^ whiohn 
ever ibe^ should be dialled; and Hi 
fbM or hands am webbed^ like a 
dbek^S feot. When the nAutttai wanft 
to sail, it sits Up some io£ these avina 
iAoi;<e the ^ater atid above the top rf tiin 
shell, and it spreads out its wide Webbed 
hands, which ser^^e ^r Bail$« 9emetifties 
it - Mete tip and spMadi silt of these siii at 
once, while two of its arms, whidi tat 

V Si 


ku^er than the others, ^rVe fw oars ; 
ami with these it tows itself on, in 
tke watier.^ 

. ^^ I wish I could see it ! " cried Rosa** 
moind— '^ I wish I could see it rowiagi 
and with all its soils up» sailing away! 
•^^Ma^MHy are these fish often seen sail- 
nig, and where are they seen ? " 
. ^^ In fine weather, they are often seen 
sailing on the Meditemwefm sea;.liHt 
when they fear a storm, or wh^nthey 
are in danger from any of their enemies^ 
they instantly furl their sails : that is^ 
draw them down, pull their oars into 
their shdl, turn their whole shell up- 
side down, and sinic themselres below 
tiie surface of the water by a curious 

^ How very conirenient ! " saidBosai^ 
nondr-**' But what is the curious me* 


/■■'WRM ttii wAtfts to eink, the miii*i 
firitis lets! loiter into ^mm of thoie lil^ 
Visiotis, dr ceUs, which ymi Me ; and im 
Wtsf In wMer^ tiU ke^ «lid Jiiik i^iitt/ and 
n^ water in it, b^tne aAtbgtftkep « 
he&T^, that they Mn tio Idiifsr iktt 
on the sta» Th^ be i^tikg ni . . y 

^^Theii he sftila,*^' t«{>eati^ tldsa- 
inbnd-^^ that I understand j but how 
db^s he rise agfedtnf fbr hbw can hagti 
ebb' water out of lik skeHfwhM there 'b 
watei" air round him? *^ 

''It is said/' replied Mrs. Bg^ertmi 
'' that he has the pon^t of |Ma^ng Wk 
taiify, iti such 4 maiiin^l', into the cells, 
that he iiah etpel^ or push out, the wirf«r 
firote them at pleasure; and the aiir, ijl* 
these cells, being lighter ti^M thk 
Watei-, he rises agaiti, a?nd cbmes to 1^ 
sntfaee of the sea^ And, in the isNBM 
my> by letting watet ihto the ««llll> « 

u 3 


aOing tfaem with air, he oan 'make 
oKe side, or the otiier5 or one end or tha 
9lbBr» of his shell heavier, so as to -set 
it in any dirisction, with either side «r 
apd ilfipeniiost^ jiiat as he pleases; ^by 
theiie DAealls,^he can trims or balance^ 
his boat with the g^atest nicety/' 

« How v^eff happy he must be!" 
said Rosamond. *'I wish men could 
Jearor bom the little nautilus» to make 
such a boat, aa well as learn from him 
to sail. But, ma*am/what is this other 
ahell, which has this tuft, or tasael») of 
fine silk sticking to jt ? " 

Mrs^JBle^rton told her, that tliis^ 
^whioh looked. Uke silk, is called the 
hwd of the fish, that formerly livedi* 
the abeU. Of this silky substance^ 
wlpen it has been collected from a 
iMimber of this kind of fish, fine and 
i^nwrkably warjn gloves ai|d st^ykwga 


baveibeeD made. ^' This animal/' said 
Bits* rEgertoD, ^^ has been <:aUed th^ 
iilkwprm of the sm. Its nanie is the 

V On ^ the slip of p^er, on which this 
name was written^ Rosamond saw two 
lines of poetry^ which she read ; and of 
which she asked an explanation. 

<». Fii*m to his xodk, ihe silver ooijdsstispend 

.^ T^ aiiclior'd.pii¥Q»y and bis oanoer firiend."* - 

, 1 Mrs* Egerton told her, '^ that this 
fiah fastens itself, by these silky threads, 
to tis^ rocks, twenty or thirty feet be- 
neath the swface of the sea; and it 
fiistens itself so firmly that fishermen, 
to* pull it up» are obl^ed to use strong 
ifon hooks, at the. end of long poles, 
with which they tear it from the rocks. 
It is odled by the poeti ' the anchored 

* '* Botanic Garden^ canto iii^ line 67 ; and notia 
pafe.73» . .., 

pfnAa^^ b^(iau9« it is IkMiiiet, >dr bmm 
dhfdreld, hf fliesb iSHkeh tlW^luas^ to A» 
iKM:^sv As ft lihtp is feistetled bj to(Nll t# 
the anchor." < 

^ Biit what is meant by hi* * cmcef' 
friind f ' ^ asfcijd Rosamond. 

" It iff said,'' itej^fed Mrs. Egert*/ 
** that a srdrt of iktfe>yab«sli; tJdll^ 
cancer^ Who has nb shett of his own,' 
lives in the dhell tif the ^it^tlft', and is 
^erjr useful to him iti procurfng^ him tolbA^ 
wbA in givi^gf him * nmce Wheh hii^ efie^ 
tkfy the dg;htMfo6led potypui; Is con^ifg^ 
fieat. The caneer j^ofesi oAl of the )4l«B 
tb search for food ! he has, I am Ml#j 
^m^rkabty quidk tf^K KtA wh^fl Hi 
s^es the fifoiypus oHnin^ h6 returtis itt^ 
mediat^ty ihtb the 'MheH df feb AfSMl 
pinna, Warns him of the dang^, ttflti 
iostaatly the pi(i»a sbuti hu shell, aod 
they are both safe ; for the polypus 



0ofe get at them when their shell k 
shttt. I am told, also^ that the cancer 
dirides wkh his friend pinna all the 
.bootjr, or food, which he brings home 
to his sheU," 

" How curious I •' cried Rosamond. 
V I did not think that fishes could be 
such good friends. — ^B.ut» ma*am^ is this 
iH^ally true? Are you certain of it? 
JIKor I cbaGtve yofi said^ * I am told,' 

** A% I have not seen the cancer and 
pinna myself^' sud Mrs. Egerton, '' I 
jQfHQnot be certain ; i can only tell you 
what I have read and heard asserted by 
persons, whose truth I have no reason 
to doubt. When the poet speaks of 
jQiendship^ you cannot suppose, that 
.there is really friendship between these 
6aki but theie is spme mutual interesti 

««6 !lCteAMON». 

Which msikcs th^fn ^6noite MlvHSM 
f* eftch dtHer.'' 

Kosanaiond fouitd so many dth^r 6tt^ 
rious shelis^' aiiil bo niany questions th 
ask about them, that she bad tt^arec^ 
time this morning t6 took through 
the AreiwiS* o^ sheik, befbre it'was tim6 
td go out to walk. 

'' Oh, ma'am, jrou are lo(^iiStg at 
jou):' watch I I am afifaid yod afe gd^ 
ing/' said Rosamond. ^* And hei^ ft 
tnamma comitig to asfc jrou to walk.** 
• "Yes, I musi go nowj** sfaid Mt!L 
E^rton; ^* but I shill be hbfe, to- 
morrow mohilng, I hope, to answefr 
any other (juestlons y6u mky wi4h C4 
ask.** : 

... • . r • . 

Roftamond thanked her ; but Was vfeiy 
son^y that she WAS gfoing. *' 1 hatfe 
looked oferbkit 0A6 drawer yet, anid-l 


kmg to 9ee 0OIR9 mofPl but tlieot if I 
}pok a(; tbem by Qiy^^t I 8h«U not 
h^ye bnH aq ihikIi pjeosui^s nU the 
pleasure of talking, and hearingi I ^udl 
lMe4 { shall forge(^ to-morroWf to 
QAk tlue questions I nay witnt to ask; 
and then I shaU l<)s#^ perhaps^ |l gnsf^t 
many such entertaining facts;, mammaa 

at Mr9» jggierton hais told m^ to- 
d^-^I wish ^ tras opt going Q«fr 
to walk; but perbap}}, if she stayed^ 
die wQidd be tired of telling me tb^se 

'* Most probably, ydu would be 
siooner tired*^' said Mrs* Egertpn, '^of 
listcsing to them." 

^ Oh no, ma'am/^ said Rosamond — 
^ And yet;' .added she, '' I know that 
listew^g to the most entertaiiiiiig thingSi 
fibr. a vary long time together, deesi tire 
at last I wcoUect beiiur OBce tived of 


bearing Godfrey read the fairy Pariba* 
son, in the Arabian Tales ; and yet 
that, all the time^ enta*tataed me ex- 

'^* Suppose the&/ said Rosamond's 
mother, ^^ that you were to divide your 
entertianment» and make the pleasure 
last longer/* 

^' Mamma, I know you are g<>ing to 
advise me to shut this cabinet, and kq^ 
the pleasure of seeing thb other 
drawers till to-morrow; but then I am 
so very curious, and I want so much 
to see what is in them." 
^ << But, if you put off the pleasure, 
it will be greater, said her mother^— 
' '< Mrs. Egerton will be with you, atad 
will tell you all you want to know, aiiid 
you say that increases the pleafure; I 
think you said you should not hacve 
^^ the pieasiure witiumt her J* . 



« Half ! — Noj not a quarter, I am 
stire," said Rosamond. ' . 
' -*** Then> Rosamond, the question is,'* 
said her mother, ** whether you dioose 
d' little pleasure now, or a great plea- 
sure to-morrow," 

Rosamond took hold of One of the 
doors of the black cabinet, as her 
mother spoke, as if she was going to 

«•< Four times the pleasure, if you put 
it off till to-morrow, Rosamond/* 

Rosamond shut one door;' but 
paused, and hesitated, and held the 
other open. 

<* Mamma, in that draw^, that ' is 
net quite shut, I see some beautiful 
little branches of red sealing-wax ^ 
mfght I open that one drawer notv f 

" No, no ; you must make your 
choice, and be cohtehU" '' 



. ** But p&vhupa^ paid Rosainond-i-i^ 

^^ Finish your sentence, my dear; or 
shall I finish k for you ?-^perhapB to- 
Biorrow will aerer qpne.'' 

'^ No, noy ipammii ; I am not so 

^ Perhaps, then, - you niean to say» 
that you cannot look forwaid so far as 
tiU tormorrow ? " 

^* Mamma, you know so long 9gp «(i 
tmiro summers, I learned to look &nrard 
about the blowing, of my rosebud : and 
If^ year, I looked forward a whole 
tifsalvemonth about my hyacinth n ■■ 
Oh, mamma ! " 

** You wece very prudent about tiie 
hyaointbs ; and were yoii not re^ardiad 
fi>r it# by hadng more pleaswe thnn yoM 
W0UI4 hv^^ had, if you had not been 
prudent and pptient ?/• 

" Yes, mammni but that Wm wotth. 



wMe; but, I ilntiH, it is not worth 
while to 1)6 prudent and patient^ or to 
m&ke flUch wise judgments and choicer, 
about eVi&ry Uttle trifle, mamma/' 

*^ I think, on the contrary, that it is 
very well worth while to be patient and 
prudent, and to make #ise judgments 
and choices — even about trifled-s« 
because then we shall pitobably acquire 
the habit oif being patient and prudent, 
and when we come to judge and rhoose 
about matters of consequence, we shall 
judge and choose well." 

Rosamond shut the other door of the 
cabinet, and, turning the key in th(s 
lock slowly, repeated—*' * Pour times as 
much pleasure to-morrow.* It is worth 
while, certainly; but, mamma, though 
r see, that it is worth while, you know 
it requires some resolution to do it.^ 



, *^ That is tnie^ my dear Rosamcmdr- 
And the having or the not haviog re- 
solution to submit to self-denials^ and 
to do what is known to be best^ makes 
the chief difference between fodish and 
wise people } and not only between the 
Ibolish and {^ wise, but between the 
bad and the good/' 

*'^ Bet ween the bad and the good;' 
mamma !--*4iow can that be ? " 

'^ Yes, my dear. It is seldom fpr 
want of knowing what is right, but for 
want of having resolution to ^o it, that 
people become bad — ^for want of being 
able. to resht some little present tempta- 
tion— *for want of being able steadily 
,to prefer a great future to a little pre- 
sent pleasure*'' 

Rosamond turned the key dedded- 
ly-— ** I shall always have resohiUon 


e&dugfc^ I ho^»" said she, ^^ io ptei^ 
a great future to a little present pl^a« 

**Dd so ill trifles, my deardaugfhter,** 
sfttd her mother, kissing her, ^' and you 
will do so in matters of eonsequeni^e, 
and you will become wise and good^ 
and yoii will be ' thfe joy and pride of 
your htdther's heart.* 

"And of my fether's, mamma.*' 

Well pleased with ha*self, Rosamond 
presented the key of the Tndian cabinet 
to Mrs. Egerton, who desired her td 
keep It hersdi^- 

The next morning, at the appointed 
time, Mrs. Egerton was in her dressing- 
room, and Rosamond's mother was 
there also; and Rosamond opened the 
India cabinet, and fully enjoyed all the 
pleasure she hkd expected, liH<!i all the 



advantage- of Mi^ Egerton'f instruo 
tioEu r 

The first drawer she opened was Ui9i 
in which she bad seen a glimpse of 
what she called little trees of red sealing* 
was. They were each ajbout a foot 
high^ and had really somewhat the 
shape of branches of trees without 
leaves; and the aj^pearance and colour 
resembled red sealing-wax* . When 
Rosamond took up one of these branoties, 
she was sur{»ised to feel its weight; 
for it was much heavier than sealing* 
wax, or than a wooden branch of the 
9ame size would have been. 

** Is it a vegetable ? is it a stone ? or is 
it made by men ? and what is it made 
qt?** said she; " or where does it come 
from? and what is it called, ma'am?'' 
« Mrs* Egerton could not answer all 


these quesiioDs at once, but she began 
with the easiest, and answered, that it 
was called coral. Rosamond immedi- 
ately recollected the coral, which she had 
seen hanging round the neck of one of 
her little cousins, who was an infant— 
Then she repeated — " But what is it ? 
or how is it made ? " 

Mrs. Egerton told her, that people 
are not yet quite certain what it is — 
that it is found under the sea, generally 
fastened to rocks— -that for many hun- 
dred years people believed it was a 
yegetable, but that within this last 
hundred years they believe it to be an 
animal substance — ^a substance made by 
little animals : it has been discovered, 
that there are innumerable small cells 
in coral, which are inhabited by these 
animals; and it is supposed^ that the 
animals make th^e cells," 


** It is 8ui^>osed !" repeated Rosn- 
Biond-^*^ only supposed.** 

Rosamond was rather impatient of 
the doubtful manner in which Mrs. 
Egerton spoke*— she wondered, that 
people had been so many years helho^ 
ing wrong, and wished that somebody 
would decide. Rosamond, as she spoke^ 
looked from Mrs, Egerton to her 
mother, and from her mdther to Mrs. 
Egerton. But neither of them would 
decide. Mrs. Egerton said, that she 
did not know facts sufficient ; and Ro- 
samond's mother said, that, if people 
would avoid being in the wrong, they 
must often have patience to wait, tifi 
they know more facts, before they at- 
tempt to decide. 

Rosamond thought this disagreeable ; 

but she said that, rather than be m the 

"^ng» which was still more disagree- 


[able, she would try to have patience. 
Rosamond shut the drawer of corals, 
and opened another drawer. This con- 
tained a set of Chinese toys, men and 
women rowing boats, or seeming to 
draw water in buckets from a well ; or 
tumblers, tumbling head over heels 
down stairs, and performing various 
feats of activity. These toys were set 
in motion by touching or winding up 
some machinery withinside, which was 
concealed from view. For some time, 
Rosamond was amused so much by 
seeing their, motions, that she could 
think of nothing else ; but, after she had 
seen the boatmen row the boat ten 
times round the table, and after she had 
seen the watermen pull up and let 
down their empty buckets twenty times, 
and the tumblers tumble down stairs 
fifty times, she exclaimed-^ 


'^ I Wish I knew how all this was done i 
~Oh, if papa was here ! — How I 
wish that my ftither and Godfrey w^re 
with ug ! Godfrey would delight in 
them^ and I should so like to see his 
surprise !-^ And my fether would pe^ 
haps explain to vxe how they are 
all moved-*— -And Laura !~-Oh! IT 
Laura was here^ how I ishould like to 


show her these strange drawings on 
thc^ Chinese skreens I** continued 
Rosamond^ taking one of them in her 
hand, and laughing — ** Very different 
from the nice tables and chairs, in per- 
spective, which Laura draws ! Look 
at ^ those men and women, sitting ^nd 
standing up in the air, as nobody ever 
could sit or stand! all the cups and 
saucers, and teapot, and sliding off that 
ridiculous table !^ — Laura, my dear 
T^aura! I wish you were hel«! — 


Maifama^ I have not nearij so mcich 
jdeasure^ in seeing all these entertain- 
ing thiogSy as I should have^ if Laura, 
and Qodfrey> and papa, were looking 
at them with me ! — Mamma, when will 
they come?" 

*' They will be here next Monday, I 
hope, my dear/' 

** Three whole long days, till Mon«^ 
day I** said Rosamond, considering se- 
riously. — '* Mamma, do you know I 
am going to have a great deal of reso- 
lution—! shall put off seeing the rest 
of these things for three days, because 
I know I lA^dl have so much more 
pleasure, if I do ; and, mamma, I show 
you now, and always, whenever I have 
an opportunity, I will prove to you, 
that I have resolution enough to dioose 
-Has you say Laura does — ^the grent 
fotttte pteasure^ ktsteod of the pneieat 


little pleasure : I am very curious aliQ%f 
some things in those other clraiv:er9i 
but I will conquer my impatienqe4 
and now, I shut the doors of the India 
cabinet till Monday." 

Rosamond courageously closed the 
doors, and locked the cabinet. 

^* Mamma, there is a sort of pleasum 
in commanding oneself, which is better, 
after all, than seeing Chinese tumblers 
or any thing else." 

'^ I am glad you feel that pleasure^ 
my dear, and I hope you will often 
feel it ; that i^ always in jouf power ; 
and thi$ is more than can be 9aid .oC 
most other pleasures." 

Rosamond occupied herself in several 
different employments, duripg the throe 
following days ; and they did not 
appear to be long days. . Monday 
<^w»e ; her father, and Laura^ und 


Godfvej, arrived ; and she was very 
happy to see them, and they were all 
glad' to see her. Sefveral times, while 
thby were talking of oUier tilings, and 
telling what had happened, and what 
they had seen during' their absence, she 
vtras' going to begin a sentence, aboiit 
the In£a cabinet ; but her mother smiled 
and * whispered— 
• ** Not a good time yet, my dear." 

So shie waited with heroic patience, 
tiir the happy moment came, when all 
had finisned what th^y wished to say, 
and when they sieemed as if they had' 
nothing that' they were particularly 
anxious to do. 

*^ Now, mamma, is it a godd time ? " 

« V^ry good." 

Roisamond thaii asked them, if they 
would' come with her; for she had 



semethuig to lihow them. She kd the 
li^ay to the India cabiii^^— unloeked it 
—displayed tb Godfrey's wondenug 
clyes tbie tDeasures it oonfauned^ made 
the boatme9 row^ and the watonneii 
work, with their buckds^ and the turn*. 
Uers tumble^-Hihowed Laura the bad 
per^etive^ and told her the hbtof jT 
of pinna and his cancer fiiend*r-»aftked 
her if fihe knew \iriiether qoral was a 
vegetable, animal^ or mineral substance. 
Rosamond spoke and mored all the 
time with a rapidity^ that is indescriba^ 
Ue; but not incooceivaUe to thosc^ 
who are used to lively cfafldfen. Hfir 
mother and Mrs. Egerton^ with sonsb 
difficulty^ foiind time to Btate» what 
Rosamond had forgotten to explain-^— 
that she had deferred looking al &e 
i^Miaining nuie draweiis of tlua cabinttr 


IbAt ike inigfal fcar^ the treasure of 
IwMng at them abng with Laun» GoA- 
&ty^ aod her father. 

ThQ7 wei*e quite as nuch pleand^ 
and as much ebliged to her^ as she had 
eoEpected that they would bc^ and she 
was fully rewarded fee her self^-denkl 
and patienoe. With Mrs. £gerton% 
lieifDiifBioii, her father opened the Chi- 
feese^ bdat> so as to Ikhow the inside ; 
and he ekplainAl to her and Laurai and 
to Oodfiiey, who was remarkably fond 
of mechanics, how it was made to 
move. It was- mo^ed by a common 
fieict of dodk-wmic, as a efaamber 
dock is kept in- mbtion by a springs 
not by a weight. The turahlem Were 
tely ii^niously coniaitructed* They 
hdd bistween them a little ehatr, sup»- 
pcrted by poles^ like those of a sedan 
dmih At firsts they stded at the top 

Y 2 

# • 


of a flfgiit of steps; and when the bidd- 
mo6t» or second figure, was once lifted 
up, he was instantly carried over the 
first or fiiremost tigure, as if. he jumped 
over hb companion's head, between 
the cbaijr poles^ to a step lowet than 
that on which he stood* Without any 
further assistance, the first figure, whidh 
now became the hindmost, jumped in 
his turn over bis feltow chairman's head, 
the poles turning, and the chair rehiakih 
ing steady ; and so on, to the bottom of 
the steps. 

*^ How was an this perfornfed f '^ 
Eadi of the children guessed, 
irey, as usual, decided immediately, 
said', it was done by a ispring. 

Rosamond said, she -was sure, that • 
the figures were not alive, and that thb 
chairmen were neither magicians nor 
fairies ; but this wak aB, df which die 

• > r 


.iMt' certeiot Imam ackaowledgfod 
thatisbe l^diild not imagme lidw it ims 

> Thar fether then tdU tbcm, thftt the 
power, or Jbrce, which set the figures in 
motion^ was, he beHeved, a little quick- 
»ilver» or a grain of shot^ which ran 
down the chair-poles, which were hoL 
low* But how it eontinued to move 
the figures, after the first tumble, would 
be more, he thought, than he could 
make them understand, till they were 
better mechanics. Rosamond was for 
the present quite satisfied. 

The only thing, this happy day, 
which a little vexed Rosamond, was 
Godfrey's saying, that, though these 
l^hinese toys were very ingenious, he 
did not think, that they were of any 
^eat use; that his father had shown 
him some medianics, large real ma- 



chioesj which wmt much move uaefiil, 
and wbicfa therefore he liked-better. 

" Well ?— Let us go on^. Godfrey, to 
the ottier wae dxawetSf'' said Rosamond. 

Hi m m « « « « 

"H^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Mk 

*. The h^toxy of the other nine drawers (^f the 
India Cabinet has not yet been found* 

» » 1 « • ' . 


SILVER cup. 

When Rosamond, Laura, . and God- 
'frey, were travetlfaig iioine with their fa- 
ther and mother, they be^n to talk o£ 
HhediffiH^nt people they had lately seen; 
to djsscribe them, and to tell whiph of 
.them th^ liked or disliked. 

*^ Godfrey, pray what sort of a mail 
is Orlando's schoolmaster? '' said Rosa*- 

<* I do not know weU,'' said Godfrey^ 
V for I only just saw him for a minute ; 
papa stayed talking with him a great 
while, but I went off to the playground, 
because I wanted to see the hKfys pla^-s 
ingatbatt." ; 

** I am sorry you did i^ot see sooiei 


tiling of Orlasdftii schoolmaster,'' said 
Laura, '^ for I wished to know bow you 
liked him.^ ^ : . ,,. 

*^ That I can tell jou at once/' said 
Godfrey — ^^ To sare trouble, I don't like 
hiwataH;' r". '.. ' .- 

' *f i idoi not sfia boW HAt wfll.fme 
trodUe/^ said Mupfci 

'^It dnes'satre tmuide^'- replied Gdb- 
frejr.)^ j^it jsaves the trQaUd/of hmg eafr* 
planation&— ^¥00, lAute, alw]il|rs' aik 
yne^'om ttkes, aild whx one doeH mot 
Ute/a ^anon ! ^' 

<< So much the better ! Laura it resgr 
4gfii^>Ayw isti0t's%mctthetK^^ cried 
Edsamond, starting Cbrlrard from Ifaa 
Mrttfr wheiA die sat 

** Ynn xieed ndt distudi my mitther 
aVito it^'^ siid Godftejr } "^ do not yoii 
see, that she is busy readikS^ Uet^.telf 


: f^ I^ ask my fkther, then," said Rosa- 
mud, s{Hiqgfi^ up and stepping across 
to vfhere her father was sitting reading 
tiie newspaper ; but a sudden motion 
of the carriage threw her forward, and 
s^e fell with her nose upon her fathers 
knee. ' Her fath^r^ putting aside hi^ 
newspaper, helped ber <up, and advi^ 
her never to stand in a can-iage^ with- 
:ottt lioldmg' by iomethiiig. Then h^ 
libeBt on reading the . newspaper ; and 
Acsamond; nidi liking to intemi|>fehim 
nior^,' retired hack to ten cornei!, Whilst 
€kxlfre]r laughed, and said^^ 
' ' f^ Rosaitioiid^ you have . not gained ^ 
unick by that motbn." 

But Rosamond, knowing that; ske 
'was, as she said, l^for oneej In the 
right ;*' and perceiving by Laura's conn- 
itbnance, that Laura was '6f. the same 
opinion ; would not be laughed out of 


lier MiMm. Sbe htotijghi tie tfttinple 
of htr own part foUf i m Mppert of km 
yraent wisdom ; and gave Godft^ an 
tteooimt cf hex *^ focdteb mtt^thy^ thM 
^disSkeiitJirgt eighty wilbcMifefeaacm, to 
poot» dean good Mis^ Egertonr and i^ 
•p^taH^ pretty eorrecUy, all ttalt>her md- 
•tifer liad said to hsir Apoti that oeoanmi. 
- *^Ani now^ Godfirejr/ ooududafl 
slie; ^^ohlj d(» ccmaider. hoirr mlich I 
was tnistBlcen ; and how toudi I should 
hav€l lost'^^what ;a quAntiij df {deanute 
uioif I had not gbna vHtfa maaima toaae 
Mrs. Egerten. At firsts dojroa ktiMr, 
II iv^hediiverj much not to gOp and 
begged mamma .woilld not* taki^ aae 
:ii#ith : h^ ; but ml^heii mamml adHsed 

■te to try to AM oiit whV I dislikod 
-her < ii' ^ rMi i i i i*^ 

*< ^^.'P' intemipted Qodfrejr. ^ Did 
'yottdifllikfeiiulawla?^ - , . .. , 


; <^ ^o^ no ; but Mrs» JEgerCoiiy you 
know M17 urdL— *And when I a>uM 
find no rebton but the pinch in thd 
hiaok bonnet^ and the poor scaimd 
hand — ^and when I saw the one rdason 
WES so fixdish-^-*4ind when I heard the 
stoi^^ about the fire-~niy opinion 
changed^ and how well it was £0^ me 
that it did!" 

f WeU for you, indeed/' said God* 
fhey ; ^ but you were exqefii?ely foolish 
at firsts my dear Rosamond. You don't 
thing that I could be so foolish to dis- 
like any body for a pinch in a bladk: 
bonnet?, {n the fir^t place, I don't 
know what you mean by a pinch in a 
black bonn^^ 

** May be not/* said Rosamond ; *' but 
I dare say you might dislike % f&0Qn 
yourself for no bsitter feasou/' 

^ Mv dear Ritiiuiifipd l ImDomifalfiil 


Imposiible ! Quite imjlosbible ! "* repeftt- 
ed' Godfrey/ roSlirig bftckwards and 
forwards with laugjit^r^ at the bare 
idea. ^^ I dblike a i person ihr i pmch 
iti a black bonnet !" 

*• Well, what is your reason^ tias 
ihiniit^, for disliking Dt*. :■ '■' what is 
his name ?—^— ^Orlando's sdioolmiaster."* 

Godfrey repeated, in his own defence, 
four lines, which he iiad learned frdm 
the schoolboys, with whoni he :bad 
been playing at ball — ^four lines, Whieh, 
changing the name, most schioNolboyi 
think applicable to every sdhoolnaster : 

'« 1 do not like you. Doctor Fell ; 
The reason why I cattnot tdl; 
But this I do know very w.ell, 
. I do not like you. Doctor Fell." 

Rosamond delayed to pursue, h» 
reasons, while she gdt by rote these 
i^th^, wh&ch Weic' neW to her. XiMi- 



»ig l^i;reT€iv. thought the lines not wottl^ 
gptting. by heart ; and, before iJiis point 
1^ been s^tled> the attention of all 
t^ di^utants was turned to another 
object — They came within sight of a 
Iiu'ge tQvnj through which they were 
tp pps^ ; and their father said to their. 

I f^ yt^ stop h^e ; and while the 
I|<^e^ ara &e)diqgy I think, we cofk 
I^ve* tiiae,t niy dear» to ^o to the. 
cottoT) mffmfaptosy ; and^ if . we have^' 
I s^all; lilce ta «h9w . it to tl^e .young^ 

«Qb, tjumkyou; papa!" 

'* Pray do, papal " ' . , 

^^ I am sure you -will have time !" 
exclaimed I^aura^ Godfrey, and Rpsa<f 
nond. Their father and mother deter^ 
mined to stay an hour longer, than thegr. 
had intended^ oo puq;iOie to give their. 

YOL» in. z 

S54 Rosamond! 

children the pleasure and advantage 6f 
seeing what they could not see so well 
any where else, and what they might 
not again, for some time, have so good 
an opportunity of seeing. 

^^Now, Rosamond,'' said Godfrdy, 
^ you will see some really use&l ma^ 
c^inery— -much more useful, than those 
Chinese toys ; but you must not expect 
to understand all about them ; for, do 
you know, that I do not understand 
half, nor a quarter of the things I saw 
in one of the cotton manufactories ; 
and though papa explained a great deal, 
to me, he told me still there was a 
great deal, that I could not possibly 
understand yet, and a great deal that 
he does not understand < himself. And 
at first when you go in, you will hear 
such a noise of whirling and whirring 
~wAirr-^«i>^*ry-^a?Airr...«and you will 



see 80 many wheels spinning round, 
rounds and roand, without knowing 
what moves them ; then such numbers 
of pale-faced men, women, and children 1 
such numbers, every where, so busj^ 
none of them thinking of, or caring for 
yon ! and there will be such a dust ! and 
s^ch disagreeable smells ! and want of 
frcish air! and, Rosamond! you will 
not be able to hear a word that is said, 
nor to make any body hear what you 
say, vithout bawling, as loud as I do 
now/' • 

Rosaniond look much alarmed, es- 
pecially at this last danger, and she 
said, ' ' 

' '^ I am afraid to go, and I am stire 
I shall not understand any thing— I 
know nothing of machines^ you know, 

z 2 

<* X Afraid! Oh, don't be afisdd-^ 
iwftt tike cari oi you — ^Tiiere's ne dan% 
ger if you keep out of the way of "the 
Wheels, and don't touch any thing about 
the machines, but hold fa^t by my 
arm,*' said Grodfrey, drawing Ro3a«r 
mond's arm wiltiin his ; '^ and I ' wiK 
take care of you, tny dear Rosamontfi 
and you shsdl understand every thivg,. 
tor I will explain all to you — I iceaa ' 
every thing, that t understand my^ 

His father smiled, and told Godfhey, 
that was a good correction of his first 

•* After all, my dear,'' said he, turn* 
ing to his wife, ** I think RosamoAd ia 
too young, and knows too little of th^se 
things, for her to be amused or iki- 
structed by going with us to the cotton 


maQU&ctoiy— When I spoke of showing 
it'td the young people, I thought only 
df Laura aiid Godfrey/' 

Rosamond's countenance changed, 
aii)i she looked . mortified and disap* 

^ ^ Papa, do pray, take Rosamond 1 ^ 
erled Godfrey — ** She w31 understand 
something ; and I will take such care of 
her, and it wiU be such a pleasure to 
me, papa*" 

** And to me, too," added Laura— 
^ and, papa, Rosamond, last summer 
saw cotton wool in its pod, or husk, 
on the cotton tree, in the hot*house; 
and she wanted to know how it was 
spun into cotton thread, such as we 


Rosamond's eyes were fixed upon 
her mother, and she waited anxiouriy 
to betu^ what her mother would say--* 



Per iiioflver said, <J»t she thitaf^<^/w 
€rodfr^7 did^ that Eosamoiid wmild be 
able to understand sometliiiigv thoki^ 
perhaps veiy iittle^ of what she night 
see ; but that, howerer litiiie -she might 
be able to understand, at first, ytt- it 
Would bts useftil to Rosatiiond, to '&ee 
red things, i&at sn%ht entertain her^ 
because she wA& mther toD fo4d of 
iiliaginar3r things, sutok as fldrjr tdes, 
and stories of giants and enchant^^; 
and it iroidd be ad^aittageous ti)^ give 
her a taste ibr ^tmth wmd reaiitiet;. 
/ These reasons determined Ros^t^AtfW 
fatiier^ iofid M took her; with them to 
tite'cdttoa manufaiitory. 

At firsts going into one of the livge 
rooms, where the machines weie, stsA 
where <he people wefe at work, she felt 
as Godfrey had felretold that site 

^H^d-^^'^OTt lirafeDed h9 the fioise. 


Md flizzy tnoM the sight of a multitude 
€^ wheels spfaining round. The dfai* 
ligreeahle smeUs, and dirt, and want of 
ftesh* air, which Godfrey had described 
Rosamond did not perceive in tfaie; 
mamifaietory ; on the contrary, there was 
^nty of fresh air, and but little dust t 
nor wiere the faces of the men, women^ 
w children, who were at work, pale oi 
miserable ; on the contraryj they had a 
healthy colour, and their looks were 
firely atid cheerful. This manufactory 
i^ks managed by a viery sensible, humaiMi 
man, who did not think only of how he 
could get so much work done for him- 
self; but he also considered how he 
could preserve the health of the people 
who worked for him, and how he could 
make them as comfortable and happy as 
This gientleman, who was a frien'' 



of Rosamond's father^ went to tbeoit 
as soon as he was ioformed of; thdr 
arrival; and he kindly offered to take 


the trouble of showing thi&m the wiiole 
of his manufactory* 

While this gentleman was speakings 
Godfrey had carried Rosamond to the 
farthest end of the long room, to show 
her some part of the machinery. His 
father went after him^ and brought 
them back; and as soon as they went 
out of this room, and away from the 
noise of the wheels, Grodfrey said, •* I 
have shown Rosamond a great many 
things already, papa;'* but he an- 
swered — 

*^ I adviae you, Godfrey, not to drag 
your sister about, to show her a variety 
of things, so quickly ; for if you do, she 
will have no clear idea of any one thing 

I recommend it to you, to come with 


U9» and to Meep as dose a^ jtia Cask t6 
tUs gentleman — ^to look at each thing, as 
hej^ows H to you-~to look a(i blit one 
thte^ at a time — and to listen to everj 
Word he says/* 

»I wfll listen^ but I am afraid I 
shaU not be able to bear him,'^ said 
Rosamond ; ^* for though I tried to heav 
Godfrey, and though he roared in my 
ear, I eould not make out half of what 
ht said ; t thought he said hand^ when 
he said band, and t could not s^e anf 
h&ndi so I could not undenstand at 

Rosamond found, however, that she 
could hear better after she had been a 
little accustomed to the noise ; and that 
she could und^stand a little better 
when but one thing at a time was 
shown to her^ and when.^e went on 
ift regular order^ from ih& beginnlng-*t 


«6a / ROSAMOND. 

from that which was easy, t6 that wMch 
was more difficult. ' '^ 

But presently they came to sonie 
part oF the machinery, which Rosa« 
mond could not compreHend; thotigfi* 
she looked^ or tried to look at but one 
things at a time; and though she stuck 
close to the master of the manufactory, 
and listened to every word he saids 
Her father, who had been so intent on 
what he was about, that he hadforgot^- 
ten Rosamdnd, chanced, however^ to 
see her looking up, and Ustening, and 
frowning, with the pain of attention-^ 
He touched her shoulder, and she 

«« My dear little girl,* said he, sps$k* 
ing so Idttd, that she could hear, ^ I 
was wrot^, to bid you listen to all this 
gentleman Says--^Don*t listen to this ; 
you Cannot understand it—Rest; and 



I will touch you again^ when there is 
any thing to be heard or seen, that you 
c^ understand." 

Rosamond was right glad to rest her 
eyes, ears, and understanding. 

From this time forward she looked 
and listened only when her father 
touched heir shoulder, though Godfrey 
gave her many a twitch, and many li' 
push by the elbow, to force her admi^ 
ration of things, which were beyond her 
Comprehension. At last, when they had 
gone . through the manufactory, Grodfrey 
said — 

^* Now, Rosamond, you have missed 
seeing a great deal, I assure you ; you 
h^d better just run back with me, and 
I will show you all that you have 

But to this her father objected ; and 
she was glad, of it, and quite of his 

9fii jROSAMONO. 

^pxBiWn ^^^ she had. seen «k^ Imsfl^ 
qfiough already. 

The hospitable gentlemaDji wholff^ 
shown them his manufactoryj^ now in- 
vited them to rest theipaselves. and to 
^t some fruit, wiiiich he hac^ prepared 
£^ tidem,; Cherries, ripe chci^ic;^, .^i^9JHh 
henies and cream, soon refreshed' tben^t 
wd» wh^A Godfrey had finished faiing 
his fruit;, he turned ^ Rosamond 9^^ 

. ^VRosotpQudf my dear, yaq; h^l^ 
ei^ten your cherries^^ hi|ve not y^iA? 
and you are quite rested ; now, I wai^t; 
tti ktiQW \theiher you r^e|3g4;H&r all 
you have, s^n aBd heard^^-^-Now te^ 


■ ■ « . 

^MmffeossiUe,. Qodfrey!" ipterpoaed 
her father—^* you expect impossibititii^ 

ftom your slrter s yoo ^oxg^ what you 
WMe wfa^i you: were her age,*' 


' ^ It & sa long agli, sir/' said Bod*- 
ttBj. ** But^ at any rate» i mab RiW 
saiDond would teU us all she temem^ 

Rosamond Uushed, and hesitated, and 
said she remembered very Uttle ; but her 
fath^ eneoarriged her, by as^riuf^ lier, 
that he Md not expect that sAie sheilld 
remember much; tbat, if dhe remem- 
beted any thing distinctly, it wmM 
satisfy him5 because it would be a ptooF 
that she had paid attentfon; and that 
was all, he said, that he expected from 
her. As he spoke, he drew her to himi^- 
and, seating her upon Ms teeo, bid her 
begin, and tell any thing that she could 
clearly recollect. 

The first thing, which Romattiond 
clearly recollected seeing, idie said, was 
a large quantity of cotton-wool, which 
was not nearly no fin^ or so white, or 

S A 

266 . ROSAMOND. 

SO soft/ or so light, as some, which ^ 
aftervrards saw, which had been cleamid* 
This had not been cleaned ; there was 
a number of little seeds in it, and. a 
great deal of dust; and the gestleman 
told them, that the first thing to be . 
done was to clean thie cotton, and take 
out of it all these seeds and dust. This, 
he said, used formerly to be done by old 
women and children, who picked it as ' 
clean as they could; but they ^ere a 
great while about it ; and he bad at 
last invented a way of doing it— of 
cleaning it, by a machine. 

* Here Rosamond paused, and Godfrey 
begun with — *' Don't you remember, 
Rosamond ? 

But his father stopped him — ** Give 
her time to recollect, and she will re- 

. '* Tjt^re was .a gre^t noise and a groat ,. 


wind, papa, just at that time ; and 1 do 
not recollect exactly how it was." 

•* What cleaned the cotton, or how 
was it cleaned, my dear ? ** 

** I don't know, papa; because I cbuld 
not see the inside of the machine, and 
there was something about a door^ a 
valve, andnioving first in one direction 
and then in another direction — I never 
rightly understood about the direction.** 

'* The word direction seems to have 
puzzled you ; but let that alone, for the 
present, atid tell us simply what you 


' '*^ I saw a great sort of box, larger 
than this table, with an iron grating, 
like the grating. of a fender, all over the 
top of it; and when I looked through 
this grating, I saw bits of cotton wool, 
which looked like flakes of snow driven 
about. by a high wind; first blown up 

2 a 2 

ag^Tf9t t^e graUag, In dn^ parV ^tid 
then faHiQg. cldwn at another part i^ the 
box." • ' 

" Was there any dust ? "* / 

'^ A great deal of dust blown fhf ough 
the grating." 

^^ Where did that dust come fronij or 
what made it, do you think ? *' 

'' The dudt came from the cotton* 
Wool, I belkve ; and I beUe^re it ^ras 
blovfn out by the wind; but I ddn't 
know about the Hsing and faUing«-f>I do 
not know about the yalve^ or the door.'' 

While Rosamond spoke, Godfrey had 
pressed ddser and doser, and tdt hid 
lip with impatience, and ki last said-*^ 
^^ Papa^ do let me just ask her imM 
que8ti<^n ; it will not put her out ; in^ 
deed* it will put her in/* 

**' WeU^ ask it, Godfrey, lest you should 
burst in i|rno„mi:e^'> snidiiig fiitlier. 


" Did you never see a machine like 
il, Rosamond ? " . cried Godfrey — " I do 
not mean quite like it, because it is very 
different, in some respects, but like it in 

** No/' said Rosamond. 

** Recollect, my dear Rosamond !-^at 
home, last autumn, in the barn/' 

" Oh ! now I. recollect, for you have 
t9ld me almpst, you mean the winnowing 
machine ; yes, I thought of that once ; 
but I was puzzled about the door." 
. " Let that alone, my dear," said her 
father.—** Now you have told us all 
that you understand, or can recollect 
of that machine, have you ? — Do you 
remember what is done next to the 
cotton ? " 

**Yes, it is combed out, and made 
smooth, and thin, and flaky — carded 
~-but not as I have seen a woman 



caitl w(M, mth little flftt bofu^ With 
|mit 8ttick upoa them, but with grost 
ittige roUen, with piw rtodk upon theta ; 
atid the {^n% like the teeth of ft comb 
comb the cotton, that is drawn o?C¥ 
them ; but I do not exactly kho w how — 
Theii oMies the spinning.'' 

'' Take breath — yiM ^hail have time 
•^M^o ndt. hurry^ yooreelf .^ 

<' I Ciimot recoltect iny moate^ papa 
after this all is confusion. TUetie wei^ 
such a ninaber of little wtieelB splh ning 
and large wheels underMftth, and badds 
round them/* • 

** My dear, it is impossiUe, that you 
should undei«t4nd the cnotions and uses 
of the motions df all those wheds ^ Mft^ 
I dare say, you know the general pur- 
pose, or use, of the whole.^ 

'' Yes, to make the cotton Wod ifito^ 
'^''**<»a thread—to spin it,*' 


^ And do you recoifect the nhtne of 
iiie q»ifining machine }^' 
. '* I remember that peHecUy—- ^jB>m- 

*< Why wa's that nan^e gittai to them 
•---can you tell ? *^ ' 

" Because Jenftif is ft wOman^s name 
you know ; and Jeiiny, I suppose, lipun ; 
and when these machines Were made tb 
spin, instead of women, they were tailed 
spinning Jennies/^ 

^t Then cotton was formerly span hf 
women, and with spinning wheds ? ^ 
said her father. 
• *' Yes, papa ; so the gentlettian said/* 

^ And why, RoSamfond, do they not* 
continue to spm in the same manner ? ** 

^' Because the spinning Jennies spin 
much more quickly ; a woman moved 
with, her foot and hands only one 
ispinning wheels hut these machines' 


do ■ the work of a hundred spinning 
wheels at once in the same titne-^ 
saw them all in rows working, pulUng 
the cotton out^ and twisting itj juiit 
like so many spinning wheels» only bet- 
ter and faster — How they were moved 

^there is the thing I don't know, 

papa!— I could not understand how it 
was done — And I am tired now of tty* 
ing to recollect/* 

" You have understood and recpK 
leered more tlian I expected that yoa 
could, my dear/' said her father* 
*^ especially, as you have not been 
used to such things. L am glad yoa 
have attended so carefully. It may 
not be necessary for you ever to uo^ 
derstand pafectly these or any other 
machines ; but it . is always useful, 
and will often be necessary, for yofi, 
*o command your attention^ and to 


tvni it to observe xeal tbingf. Some 
0th(x time, I wiU bring you here ag^in^ 
if,. this gentleman will give me leaver 
and if you wiah it yourself." 

The geotlemaii kindly said^ thai 
he should be glad to see Rosaom^nd 
agauif and that he wouU then try 
to explain to her auy thing she migM 
wish to know. % 

Rosamond thanked this good gen*^ 
tleman^ and was glad that her father 
w«s pleased with her* She said^ that^ 
some oth^r time, she should like to sea 
the way in which the pretty little baUs 
of cotton are wound— ^* That, was what 
Godfrey was showbig me>" papai '* when 
ydu called us away/* 

^ I am glad I did c&U you, Away« 
my dear ; because you could not hav^ 
understood it, and Godfrey would only 
have {Nuszled you.'' 


** Look, look, papa ! look, inamiiafa^! 
out of this window!** cried Godfrey 
-»— ** All the people are going from 
work; look, what numbers of diil- 
dren are passing through this great 

The children passed close by the witi- 
dow, at which Godfrey and Rosamond 
had stationed themselves ; among the 
little children, came some tall girls ; 
and, among these, there was one, a girl 
about tweli^e years old, whose coun- 
tenance particularly pleased them — s^« 
veral 6f the younger ones wert crbwdhng 
round her. 

** Laura! Laura! look at this girl f 
what a good countenance she hasf^ 
said Rosamond, '' and how fond the ^lit- 
tle children seem of her ! * 

** That is EUen~She is an excellent 
'^^h said the master of the manofac- 


tpiy^; "and those little children have 
gpo4 season to be fond of her." 
. . . Rosaniond and Godfrey asked 
^^ Why ? " and the gentleman an- 

** It is a long story ; perhaps you 
wquld be tired of hearing it." 

. But they begged he would tell it ; 
axid he complied. 

" Some time ago," said be, " we had 
a benevolent clergyman here^, who gave 
up several hours of his time, every, 
week^ to instruct the children in tbb 
manufactory : he taught them to read 
and write» and he taught them arithme* 
tic ; he taught them much more, for 
he taught them the difference between 
right and wrong, and expl^ned to, 
them the use of doing right^ and itS; 
good consequences — the happiness that, 
i^UowSv from it; and the evil and> 


^tiliap|>tfl«s9 tbdt foBow from ddfog 
wrong. He Was so kind and gfentl^, in 
ks manner of teachitig^, that theses ditt- 
dren alllikedf Mm very much. At hist, 
news came that this good dstgyman 
Was to leave the place-^he was^ ap- 
pointed master of a large schod; and a 
liting was given to him, in another 
county, at a considerable distance. 
AH the diildren in the manufactory 
irere sorry, that he i^s gding away; 
^d they wished to do sotnethitig, 
fhAt should prove to him theh* respect 
and gratitu^. They con^dered and 
consulted among otie another. They 
Bad oo money«*-nothing of their own 
to give, but thmr labom* ; and -Aejr 
agreed, that they would work a certain 
Arnnber of hours, beyond their usual 
***^3 to own rdohey, to buy a sillier 
«P> whifch they might present to Wm 


Um Ak^ before thai appointed for kis 
4qMrtme« Tbey werar obGged io trit 
ifi great part of the aight to work» tq 
tatfn time shares. Sweral of the UtitlQ 
ikMna were not able to bear the A^ 
^ue and the want of deepi For thid 
tbej nmre verjr sorry ; wad when SloA 
MW how Bony itey were^ she pkied 
tbem^o^nd she «Ud more than pHj^ 
Aem. After she bad eerned her ow«i 
diare of the mooey to be rabsrevibed 
ftr buying the silver cap, rtie sat vp 
every night a certain thne to work^ to 
earn the sbavta of all these little diil* 
dimi« JOletk never said any thing oS 
her kitentiona ; bat went on steacttly, 
working, till she had aecomplishid her 
purpose. I used to see herv night aftei^ 
»^^t» and used to^ar she wouM hiifl 
her hedth, and often beg^d her hot fb*; 
lilboar to hard $ but ehe ^till said-^ It' 



. i 

does, me good, sir.* When. ^ie» hnd 
compkted her wcHrk, the wages :wqm 
paid to her ; and all the wag^s .^ef e 
paid ta: those, who had worked extra 
houffr^, hoiirs bej^ood thek usM 
hours of working. A derk; waa sitting 
at a taUe» to receiv:e the. subsicripMiOins 
for tlie sitver cup ; and those, yi^hct had 
earned their contribution, went up 
proudly, one by, one, and laid dowathe 
money on the table, saying, * Write 
down my name, sir, if you. please; there 
is my subscription/ 

«' The poor little children, who bad 
nothing to give, were ^ly mortifif^ 
and stood behind, ready |;o cry, JSlko 
weot to them, and took them oyt ofithe 
ppom wiUi her, and ^without . letting 
any body see her but: themselres,: sh^ 
ptit into the hands of each thcir ^W^ 
^ ^e siibicriptioo .mOnjey^ %l^ Ahey: 

i*. ^ 


might faaVe the pleasure of subscribing 
for themselves." 

' Every body was pleased with this 
aiiiecdote of EUen^ and were glad that 
they had seen her. Rosamood said, in 
a low voice, to her mother, that, if 
Laura had been a poor girl, in the same 
sHuatioHj she would have done just as 
Ellen did. 

' KOsaiholld was going to have said 
tnore, but her attention was now drawn 
to another subject. The master of the 
manufactory opened a desk, and pro- 
duced the copy of the inscription, which 
had been engraved upon the silver cup. 
Godfrey, into whose hands it happened 
first to be put, began to read it ; but, 
the moment he saw the clergyoMn's 
name, he laid down the paper, and ex- 

, ** To Doctor Bathur8t-*-~that i$ the 

2b 2 

fWBie ut Odando's flfcboobnarteri! : "Gm 
it be the same Doctor Bathuist ? " ' . i 
Godfregr jasked fw. a d&cnptisoA of 
Doctor Bat]tiiiBt>*«4ie found it etsastSq^ 
Bgr^i^ \fdtk that of the aeiioolmas<»r't 
and it wae pnf^d, that the good dew 
gyiBAO and the schoolmaster, to «rtK»A 
Gbdfniy had taken a dklike^ were one 
and the same person. 
; Rosamond and Lama looted at one 
another, and smiied: and Rwamotid 
eduld not fobear whispering, 

^ I do not like you^ Doetbr F^; 
. The ssMOD why, I caonot ttll*^-«<r«'' 

Bot^ Bosamond stopped; for she saw 
that Godfrey kxAed so much esham^ 
of himself^ that she would not ihnA 
laufh at him. 

The carriage came to the door ; and, 
after thanking the gentleman who had 
»«5eiTed them so hospitaMjr^ and who 


hsd given up so, much time to shour 
them his maQufactorj, they took leave 
of him, and they got into their carriage, 
snd pursued their journey. As they 
drove on, they began to talk of what they 
had seen and heard; and, first, about 
Doctor Bathurst and the silver cup. In 
general, Gk)dfrey was apt to think him- 
self in the right; but when he was 
clearly convinced, that he had been 
mistaken, he always acknowledged it 
candidly. He now confessed, that he 
had been quite mistaken in his opinion 
of Doctor Bathurst ; and that his dis- 
liking him merely because he was a 
schoolmaster, and because some school- 
boys had repeated four nonsensical lines, 
was almost as foolish as Rosamond's 
dislike to Mrs. Egerton for the pinch 
in her black bonnet. Then Godfrey 
and Rosamond began to talk over their 

2 B 3 

MUses for liking or ^liking eterf 
|>erson they knew; and presently greir 
vehement in maintaining the jusrfdee ^ 
these causes^ and the exceUenee of thfesHr 
ieineral reasons. 

** I fike Mrs. Alien, because she il 
tilways cheerful/' said Rosiamond. 

** I like Mr. Ormond, because he is so 
honest/* cried Godfrey. 

*• I tove Mrs. Ellis, because she is ^9o 
good-natured,"' said JRosamond. 

" I like Mr. Brooke, because he tar 
dways entertaining," said Godfrey. 

Being cheerful, honest, good-natured, 
and entertaining, Laura, who waa 
appealed to as a judge, allowed to be 
good reasons for liking people; but 
when it came to the degrees of liking, 
and to the question, whidi ought to be 
laost liked and esteemed, the cause be- 
came more diffi<mlt; and Lauw prcfr 


THfi mjm^ CUP. ^sesi 

fiMtly begaft to nmke acatidogtie (X nU 
ihe ^irto^s, and as 'well as the motioii of 
tilecttnii^ would aibw, i^ wi^e llMitt 
4oir& %i the order, in wfikh she thougM 
they deserved to be placed; *^ and then/' 
said she, ^ #e can try all yom ftfrouritas 
yf einr liA.^ j^t the list was ftbt soon 
arranged. }t was easy eiyM^, to 
set^ the names ef the ^rtiies ! 4)iit it 
was dinndt to put thetti into th^ pro^ 
per order. Truth and honesty God- 
bey and Roiamond readily albWed to 
come first ; baft th<!lre W«s a gtetit debate 
ing about chberftitnMi^ aiid neatness ; 
and> ** as for a person's being entav 
taining,^' Rosaonond ^d, ^* i;hat was 
no virtue,^ though sh^ acknowledged 
she liked peo|)le for being entertaining. 
After talking long and loud^ till at fast 
they did not understand one another or 

tfaemselre$9 they appealed to tlteir ft* 



tlier and asked him if he could Jfan^ 
them to settle th^r debate. Their fatjmr 
sfddi that they had, withont knowtfig 
it» got deep into a very difficult question 
— *^ I am afraid, that I cannot answer 
you without going deeper stilL** ' 

** Do then, papa, if you please," 
said Godfrey ; ** and I will follow you 
*7-I lore to argue with Laura, because 
ihe will go deep ; but Rosamond ^e?er 


•* I do not know .what you mean by 
going deep," said Rosamond. 

" Consider ^hpw young she is," said 

Laura* ! 

** Wdll'let us hear what my father 
was going to say — Which virtue shoifld 
stand highest in our list, papa ? whidi 
next ? and so on." 

. " The most useful, I think, should 
.come first,y replied his father; "and 


fou ^ghty I beliefe^ mrange them att 
Iff thdv degree! of usef ulnces, m utility.'' 
: « ITflefuI \ papa,'' cried God&ej ; '< but 
are there not many virtaes, which are 
ilM at att u«eAil ? '' 

« Which are they ? " 

^ Generosity, for infitanoe»'' said God- 

"^ If it be useless generosity, I ^htal^ 
h^islEkO virtue^' replied his fether. 

Godfrey thought again, but he oduld 
not name any yirtae, that was tot 

^ But, papa,** said Laura, ** it will 
still be rery difficult to settle, which ii 
the most useful virtue— how shaB we 
ever do that ? '* 

" Deeper and deeper, indeed, Laura, 
we must go, to determine that," said 
her father ; " deeper than you can go, 
or I either ; for we mink kaow> wha^ 


tontributes most to the happiness of 
the gireatest nutnber 6( people, and for 
the greatest length of time^ — of this, my 
children, you cannot judge^ till you have 
a great deal more experience atid more 

- ' ** I am glad that is sfettled," said 
Rosamond: for they had long got be- 
yoiid her depth, and she h^d been 
obliged- to' have ilecdurse to looking Out 
of the-^iodovsr. fbr amusements 
. " Now, ' mtamma, will you tell me 
something very entertaining, which I 
heard' the gentlernan, at the manu&c- 
tory, tejlipg you, while I was eating 
my fi'uit — something about a giiTs mis- 
taking a bee for a cow ? " 

END OP VOL. III. a ^jS ,1 

^ J^^ Baldwin, Priater, 

VJ ^