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Full text of "Early stages of the Quaker movement in Lancashire"

EARLY STAGES OF THE QUAKER 
MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



BOOR S BY THE SAME AUTHOR 

LANCASHIRE NONCONFORMITY 

THE EJECTED OF 1662 IN CUMBERLAND 
AND WESTMORLAND 

HISTORY OF INDEPENDENCY IN TOCKHOLES 

THE STORY OF THE LANCASHIRE CONGRE 
GATIONAL UNION 

THK SERMON ON THE MOUNT IN RELATION 
TO THE PRESENT WAR 

CONSCIENCE AND THE WAR 

FROM THE GREAT AWAKENING TO THE 
EVANGELICAL REVIVAL 

FIDELITY TO AN IDEAL 

CONGREGATIONALISM RE-EXAMINED 

ISAAC AMBROSE, THE RELIGIOUS MYSTIC 

THOMAS JOLLIE OF ALTHAM AND 
WYMONDHOUSES 

THE HEROIC AGE OF CONGREGATIONALISM 

ETC. ETC. 



EARLY STAGES OF THE 

QUAKER MOVEMENT 

IN LANCASHIRE 



BY THE 

REV. B. NIGHTINGALE, M.A., LlTT.D. 



LONDON : 

CONGREGATIONAL UNION OF ENGLAND AND WALES, INC. 
MEMORIAL HALL, E.C.4 



767$ 

L3/VS 




Printed in Grtat Britain 
h Turnbullfr Sftart, Edinburgh 



PREFACE 

A FEW years ago while engaged in some historical research 
work in Cumberland and /Westmorland, relating mainly 
to the I7th century, I came much into contact with the 
Quaker movement of that period. Not that that was the 
first time that my interest in it had been aroused. George 
Fox has long had for me special fascination, as one of 
those great religious mystics, who appear occasionally 
in religious history, and who are rarely understood at 
the time, but whose service to the cause of religion is 
incalculable. I say this the more readily because in 
the pages which follow, I have ventured to be somewhat 
critical of the doings of him and his immediate followers ; 
and it seems to jne that it is better to say frankly that the 
movement suffered considerably because of the extra 
vagances of some of its early leaders. Of course, those 
days were quite different from these. Things were then 
done that we should never dream of doing to-day, and 
language was plain and blunt almost to coarseness. In 
this respect Quakerism was simply like every other 
movement in its first stages ; it required time to sober, 
chasten, and purify it. 

How largely the movement captured Cumberland and 
Westmorland is common knowledge ; but it has been 
somewhat of a revelation to myself to find that it was 
so widespread in Lancashire ; and it is to make this clear 
that the following pages have been written. 

My indebtedness to those whose works I have used, is 
acknowledged in the body of the book ; but special 
mention should be made of much kindly help from Dr 
Farrer of Whitbarrow Lodge, Mr W. C. Braithwaite of 
Banbury, Mr Dilworth Abbatt of Preston, Mr Norman 

5 



6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Penney of the Friends Library, London, and the 
Custodians of the Sessions Records in Preston. 

What has specially impressed me in the study of I7th 
century religious history is the wealth of Quaker literature 
relating thereto and its value to the student, not merely 
because of the light which it throws upon the Quaker 
movement, but not less so upon Nonconformist religious 
history in general. No student of that history can 
neglect it without the most serious loss. He will often 
find there the information of which he is in quest when 
it cannot be found elsewhere. 

One word is necessary in reference to the Index. My 
first intention was that it should contain the names of 
all the places and persons that appear in the book; 
indeed, I had prepared one such for it, when it was 
found that the book had already far exceeded the number 
of pages originally designed. The Index had, therefore, 
to be considerably curtailed. Principal names of persons 
and places have been retained, and, under different dis 
tricts, will be found lists of Quakers, etc. The reader 
will, therefore, experience no serious difficulty in finding 
the name of any person in whom he may be interested. 
It is stated repeatedly in the body of the work that 
names frequently assume different forms, but in the 
Index one only is given, and it is not certain that 
the references under the name are always to the same 
person. 

I cannot hope to carry all with me to the conclusions 
to which I have been led ; but if the book helps us to 
realize afresh the steady and unwavering fidelity to 
religious principle, in spite of the fiercest and most 
persistent persecution, of the people whose story it tells, 
it will serve a very useful purpose in these days. 

B. NIGHTINGALE 

MlLTONA, RlLEY AVENUE, 

ST ANNES-ON-SEA, 

August 1921 



CONTENTS 



CHAPTER I 

PAGE 

GEORGE Fox IN LANCASHIRE 9 



CHAPTER II 

THE WITNESSING FACTS : 2 7 

1. SUFFERINGS OF THE QUAKERS .... 27 

2. THE FIRST PUBLISHERS OF THE TRUTH . 58 

3. THE CONVENTICLE RETURNS OF 1669 . 61 

4. CHURCH PAPERS . . 63 

5. RECORDS OF THE QUARTER SESSIONS . . 103 

CHAPTER III 

STEADFAST IN SUFFERING . 198 

INDEX 2I1 



Early Stages of the 
Quaker Movement in Lancashire 

CHAPTER I 
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 

IN the early part of 1652, George Fox, the Founder of 
the Quaker movement, made his first real acquaintance 
with Lancashire. A native of Fenny Dray ton in Leicester 
shire, his earliest efforts as Missionary of the new Evangel 
of which he had come into possession, were devoted to his 
own County and the neighbouring Counties of Derby and 
Nottingham. It was in the year 1647, after much 
wandering " in solitary places " as "a man of Sorrows," 
that he definitely gave himself to his Mission and began 
that career of itinerant preaching, which bore such re 
markable fruit ; and, five years after its commencement, 
a journey into the West Riding of Yorkshire brought him 
to the Lancashire border. Passing through Wakefield 
and Bradford, and proceeding still westward, he says : 

" We came near a very great high hill, called Pendle- 
hill, and I was moved of the Lord to go up to the top of 
it ; which I did with much ado, it was so very steep and 
high. When I was come to the top, I saw the sea bordering 
upon Lancashire. From the top of this hill the Lord let 
me see in what places he had a great people to be gathered. 
As I went down I found a spring of water in the side of 
the hill, with which I refreshed myself, having eaten or 
drank but little several days before." 1 

Subsequently he informs us that the " great people in 
white raiment by a river side, coming to the Lord," of 

1 Journal, p. 66. Ed. 1765. 

9 



io QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

whom he had had the vision from the top of Pendle, were 
about Wensleydale and Sedbergh, 1 the river being the 
beautiful Lune, which flows not far from the latter place. 

It was from Sedbergh that he went to Firbank, the gate 
of entrance for him and his movement into Westmor 
land, amidst whose majestic solitudes a thousand people 
had assembled to hear the strange preacher. There he 
won the first of those sweeping victories, which this and 
the neighbouring County of Cumberland supplied so richly 
during the next few years. From Firbank he went by 
easy stages to Preston Patrick, Kendal and Underbarrow, 
in the same County, entering Lancashire at Newton and 
Staveley, whence he proceeded to Ulverston, in whose 
immediate neighbourhood is Swarthmoor, 2 which became 
the Mecca of the Quaker movement. 

This, however, was not the first visit which Fox had 
paid to Lancashire. In 1647, the very year in which he 
began his Mission, he says : 

" I heard of a woman in Lancashire, who had fasted 
two-and-twenty days, and I travelled to see her ; but when 
I came to her, I saw she was under a temptation. When 
I had spoken to her what I had from the Lord, I left 
her, her father being high in profession. Passing on, I 
went among the professors at Duckenfield and Manchester, 
where I staid a while, and declared truth among them. 
There were some convinced, who received the Lord s 
teaching, by which they were confirmed, and stood in the 
truth. The professors were in a rage, all pleading for sin 
and imperfection ; and could not endure to hear talk of 
perfection, or of a holy and sinless life. But the Lord s 
power was over all ; though they were chained under 
darkness and sin, which they pleaded for, and quenched 
the tender thing in them." 3 

This Manchester visit was too brief to yield much fruit ; 

1 Journal, p. 67. Ed. 1765. 

1 This spelling is retained throughout except in quotations from other 
writers some of whom prefer Swarthmorc. 
Journal, pp. n, 12. Ed. 1765. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE n 

and, as previously intimated, it was near the beginning 
of 1652 that Lancashire was first entered for serious work, 
the northern part, the part which borders upon West 
morland and Cumberland, which, in its physical character 
istics it so closely resembles, and to which formerly it 
ecclesiastically belonged, opening the door and extending 
a welcome to him. 

Traces of Quakerism are usually sought in the early 
Lollardism of a district, and especially in a people who 
came to be known as " Seekers," because of their attitude 
of " waiting upon God " and " seeking " after the truth, 
in particular, the truth about the Church which they 
believed to have been lost. Nor can there be any 
objection to that : for a great movement like the Quaker 
movement cannot possibly originate with a single man. 
Generally there is " a voice crying in the wilderness " 
for years before the new day comes. John the Baptist 
heralded the approach of the Messiah and Wycliffe was 
" the morning star of the Reformation." " George 
Fox did not so much originate," writes one, " as emphasize 
certain ideas which were floating in the religious atmo 
sphere of his day." l That statement contains an 
element of truth, though it scarcely does justice to the 
part which George Fox played in the matter. The move 
ment was so markedly his own ; he so imprinted his own 
personality upon it ; and it was so indebted to him for 
its initial impulse and phenomenal success that, if ever 
the name " Founder " was appropriate, it is so as applied 
to Fox in his relation to Quakerism. 

In Lancashire, however, no traces of Lollardism have 
yet been discovered ; and evidence has still to be supplied 
of the existence of the Seekers as such. It is contended 
by Mr Braithwaite, in his valuable work, The Beginnings 
of Quakerism, that in the neighbouring County of West 
morland, the evidence for the presence of a strong Seeker 
community is very considerable. Preston Patrick, south 
of Kendal, and very near the Lancashire border, is par- 

1 Our Lollard Ancestors, by W. H. Summers, p. 114. 



12 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

ticularly singled out by him as an instance. " The 
Chapel at Preston Patrick," says he, " became the centre 
of a community of Seekers, who came to the General 
Meeting held there once a month, from Sedbergh in York 
shire, Yealand and Kellet in Lancashire, and Kendal, 
Underbarrow, Grayrigg, and Mutton in Westmorland. 
They were the most zealous and religious Roundheads 
and Puritans in the district, and, as the newly discovered 
Swaledale Papers show, provided Taylor with a stipend 
of fifty pounds a year. The community had a vigorous 
spiritual life with a ministry springing up in its midst, 
and Taylor would sometimes let two of these ministers, 
John Audland and Francis Howgill, preach in his pulpit." 1 
Thomas Taylor, 2 the person in question, afterwards 
removed to Richmond, and Mr -Braithwaite says that the 
" Preston Patrick community were left to their resources 
in the matter of ministry, relying chiefly on Audland and 
Howgill, but having help from several others. They are 
described at this time as separated from the world s 
worship and empty dry forms of religion, and fostering 
their fellowship and spiritual life by frequent meetings, 

1 P. So. 

1 Thomas Taylor is described by Mr Braithwaitc as an Oxford 
graduate who came to Preston Patrick from Carlton, near Skipton. 
Mr Penney says that he was brother to Christopher Taylor, "priest of a 
Chappell called Chappell in the Bycrs " betwixt Brighouse and Halifax. 
Thomas Taylor served periods of imprisonment at Appleby, Lancaster, 
York, Derby, and elsewhere, was in prison from 1662 until 1672, the 
year of the Indulgence. His death took place at Stafford after imprison 
ment in that place. Nicholson (Older Nonconformity in Kendal, p. 32) 
says that he was " an Anabaptist, and minister of a separate congrega 
tion at Preston Patrick." Whatever may have been his exact position 
at that time he definitely joined the Friends about 1652, and devoted 
his energies to the furtherance of their cause. Among works from 
his pen is Truth s Innocency (1697). In the Ejected of 1662, p. 606 
(Nightingale) Is a reference to a Mr Taylor, who, I am inclined to 
think, was the person in question. It occurs in Henry . itcr 

to Lord Wharton, dated Dec. 21, 1646, in which complaint is made of. 
his Lordship s sympathy with men of Taylor s type, \vi .,,-n- 

dcncy was a source of great concern to Masy. If the conjecture 
of identity be correct, it suggests that at this time Taylor was an 
Independent. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 13 

sometimes sitting in silence, often having times of fervent 
prayer, sometimes engaging in religious conferences. 
Several of the Seekers had openings from the Lord, 
from which they could have declared excellent things, 
having some sight or comprehension thereof, yet wanted 
the inward possession of the virtue, life and power of what 
they declared, and in this state continued many days. 
It was at this point in their history that the Westmorland 
Seekers came into contact with George Fox." l The 
great meeting at Firbank, Mr Braithwaite says, was a 
meeting of these Seekers, and the " convincement " which 
followed was " the acceptance of Fox and his message by 
the important community of Seekers, which had its 
centre at Preston Patrick," 2 John Audland 3 and Francis 
Howgill 4 being among the converts. There is some risk 
in so closely identifying the Seekers and Quakers, as even 
Mr Braithwaite suggests in the following : 

" On the other hand, as Penn points out, the Seekers 
sometimes developed into Ranters, and it must not be 
supposed that the Quaker movement, except in certain 
districts, absorbed the Seekers en masse." 5 

If, however, the claim for the Seeker origin of the 
Preston Patrick community be allowed, and if it be 
further conceded that being quite contiguous to Lanca 
shire the latter County would be influenced by it, the 
contention still holds as to the lack of evidence for the 
Seeker movement in the County apart from that very 
limited area. It restricted itself to that particular 
district, except in so far as it spread north into West 
morland and Cumberland. 

1 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 82. 2 Ibid., p. 26. 

8 John Audland, probably connected with the Audlands of Preston, 
was born about 1630. He was a linen draper of Crosslands, near 
Preston Patrick, and became eminent among the Friends. 

4 Francis Howgill was born in 1618, and lived at Todthorne, near 
Grayrigg, as a tailor and farmer. Both Audland and Howgill are 
described as being preachers, first among the Independents, and next 
Anabaptists. Howgill, like Audland, became a prominent Friend, and 
several works from his pen still remain. 

5 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 27. 



14 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

What Lancashire lacked, however, in this respect it 
more than supplied in its pre-eminently Puritan charac 
ter : and it needs to be remembered that Quakerism was 
an aspect of the great Puritan movement for which the 
i6th and I7th centuries are noted. It is quite the custom 
with not a few writers to take an entirely opposite view, 
to regard the Quaker movement, as a protest against a 
Puritanism, whose " formalism " and " endless theological 
subtleties " explain the phenomenal success which the 
movement won in its earlier stages. Even Mr Braith- 
waite comes near such a position in the following passage, 
where, speaking of the Seeker and Quaker movements, 
he says : 

They were continuous with one another. Under the 
new conditions of religious freedom on the one hand, and 
active religious controversy on the other, which prevailed 
in England from the assembling of the Long Parlia 
ment, there had been a sudden growth of sects, which 
took their shape from the light, airy imaginations, or the 
deep spiritual yearnings of their votaries. There were 
thousands of honest-hearted persons who used their 
freedom to make a quest after truth, and many of these 
found no rest either in forms or doctrines, and whether 
they called themselves Seekers or not were weary with 
their travelling through the Sects and athirst for the 
gospel of a living Christ." l 

Surely that statement is somewhat misleading : for 
Quakerism cannot claim to be more than one of the 
numerous Sects to which that prolific age gave birth ; 
and, if under the terms " forms " and " doctrines " 
Puritanism is intended, against which Quakerism is said 
to have risen in protest, injustice is done to Puritanism. 
Such a view, indeed, is based upon a misreading of the 
situation. It is, of course, true that the perennial peril 
of all religion is formalism, and that Puritanism in 
common with every other form of religious life was 
exposed to that peril; but Puritanism, as the very 

1 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 27. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 15 

name suggests, for considerably more than half a 
century, had been in the death grips with the for 
malism and corruptions of the Church. From the 
days of Matthew Parker, Richard Bancroft, and John 
Whitgift to those of Strafford and Laud, it had been 
fighting for bare life, not a few of its adherents having 
suffered greatly in consequence. There had been 
martyrdoms on a considerable scale ; men, women and 
children had gone to New England, Holland and else 
where in still larger numbers ; and countless multitudes, 
electing to remain in the homeland and continue the 
struggle, had suffered imprisonment, fine and loss. At 
the very time in question Puritanism was particularly 
zealous in the interests of a simple worship, a pure doctrine 
and a spiritual Church. The terrible iconoclasm of 
Cromwell and the Puritans of Cromwell s day, often very 
greatly exaggerated, is one of the serious charges, which 
opponents persist in bringing against his rule. Recently 
Puritanism had won its victory, but much too recently 
to have become the formal, dead, corrupt and question 
able thing, which some writers are in the habit of declaring 
it to be. It was the living fighting force in the nation. 
Quakerism was really part of that " new spirit that was 
abroad in the land." It is nothing to the purpose that 
Fox himself, with all the passion of his intense soul, and 
in language not always calculated to win his hearers, 
assailed the Puritan preachers of his day equally with 
others. He made no distinction among them. They 
were all to him " hireling priests " and the places in 
which they ministered " steeple houses," though many of 
those preachers are among the most honoured names in 
religious history, because of the saintliness of their char 
acter and the unselfish devotion of their service. In the 
superabundance of its life Puritanism sought expression 
in many forms, which not infrequently antagonized one 
another ; but, none the less, were they part of that 
widespread movement that was in revolt against the 
oppressions and superstitions of centuries of religious 



16 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

misrule on the part of the dominant Church of the nation, 
a movement to which, in all its parts, the general name 
of Puritan belongs. 

George Fox made his way into Lancashire at a point 
near the southern end of the Windermere Lake, and the 
value of the recent Cambridge Edition of his Journal 
comes in here. He tells about leaving Underbarrow for 
James Dickenson s house, which was at Crosthwaite, 
and from thence he says : "I came to James Taylor s 
[of Newton in Cartmell] & on ye first day I went to one 
preist Camelford s chappell & after hee had donne I 
began to speake ye worde of life to ym & Camelforde 
was in such a rage & such a frett & soe peevish yt hee 
had noe patiens to heare but stirred uppe ye rude multitude 
& they rudely haled mee out & strucke mee & punched mee 
& tooke mee & threw mee headelonge over a stone wall : 
but blessed be ye Lorde his power preserved mee [ye 
kcrke warden] was one Jo : Knipe whome ye Lorde after 
cutt off whoe threwe mee doune headelonge over ye wall ! 
And there was a youth yt was writeinge after ye preist 
I was moved to speake to him & hee came to bee con- 
vinct & became a fine minister of ye Gospell whose name 
was John Braithwaite." l From the reading in the 
Ellwood Edition of the Journal (1765) it might be 
inferred that Gabriel Camelford lived at Newton in 
Cartmell, but that is not suggested by the passage just 
cited ; and from other evidence we know that his home 
was at Staveley, near Lakeside, whence he suffered 
Ejection after the Restoration. Fox s language about 
" preist Camelford," is strong ; and Margaret Fell, 
writing to Francis Benson, 2 in 1655, even improves upon 

1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 46. This new issue of the Journal of 
George Fox, edited by Mr Norman Penney, F.S.A., and published in 
1911, is simply invaluable to the student of Quaker history. In addition 
to much else, Mr Penney has enriched it with copious notes about many 
of the characters that appear in it, and I gladly acknowledge my in 
debtedness to them for much of the information contained in the notes 
in the present work. 

Francis Benson, whose wife was Dorothy, liv d at " Fould in 
Loughrigge " in Langdalc meeting, Westmorland. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 17 

it. "If ever yee owne the liveinge God or his people," 
says she, " yee must deny Camellford . . . and if yee 
owne Camellford then yee deny God." 1 This language, 
however, should not be taken too seriously. Those were 
not days of smooth speech and elegant diction. The 
lampooner, the rhymester, and satirist were common. 
If the pen was virile it was often vitriolic ; and nowhere 
did this obtain more than in the domain of religion. 
Camelford s character is above suspicion. The Common 
wealth Survey for 1650 speaks of him as " a godly and 
painful man in his calling " 2 ; and Calamy refers to him as 
" an useful Preacher in this remote Corner." 3 He clung to 
the neighbourhood after his Ejection ; suffered much for 
his steadfastness ; appears in the list of those who had 
to be searched for arms ; 4 licensed two or three houses 
for preaching during the Indulgence period ; became the 
first Pastor of the Nonconformist cause which is repre 
sented by the Baptist Church at Tottlebank ; and died 
in 1676. 

From Staveley George Fox went on to Lindal, in whose 
" steeple house or chappell when ye priest had donne," 
he " spoake " both to him and the people, where were 
" great opposers," who " after came to be convinct." 
Here were Captain Sandys and his wife, who " if they 
coulde have had ye worlde & truth they woulde have 
received it ; but they was hypocrites & hee a very chaffy 
light man [& ye way was to streight for ym]." 5 

Adam Sandys, the person referred to, was the repre 
sentative of an old family in this district. He lived at 
Bouth, no great distance from Ulverston, of which town 
he was Chief Constable, and was on the Parliament side. 
Sewel has the following story in reference to a meeting 
at his house, in which both William Lampit, the Ulverston 
minister, and Gabriel Camelford are involved. Miles 

1 Journal, Camb. Ed., p. 406. 

2 Commonwealth Church Survey (Rec. Society), p. 142. 

* Account of Ejected Ministers, vol. ii. p. 413 (1713 Ed.) 

* Vide p. 204. 5 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47. 

B 



i8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Halhead of Underbarrow, 1 who afterwards became pro 
minent as a Quaker preacher, came, says Sewel, about 
this time " to Furneiss in Lancashire, to the House of 
Captain Adam Sands, where he found a great Number 
of Professors gather d, and Priest Lampitt preaching. 
But as soon as Myles enter d Lampitt was silent, which 
continuing a pretty while Captain Sands said to him, Sir, 
What s the matter ? Are you not well ? To which 
the Priest answer d, I am well, but I shall speak no 
more as long as this dumb Devil is in the House. A 
dumb Devil, said the Captain, where is he ? This 
is he, said the Priest pointing with his Hand, that 
standeth there. Then the Captain said, This Man is 
quiet, and saith nothing to you : I pray you, Sir, go on 
in the Name of the Lord, and if he trouble or molest you 
in my House, I will send him to Lancaster Castle. But 
the Priest said again, I shall not preach as long as this 
dumb Devil is in the House. Then the Captain said to one 
Camelford, a Priest also, I pray you, Sir, stand up, and 
exercise your Gift, and I will see that you be not disturbed. 
But this Priest answered as the other, I shall not speak 
as long as this dumb Devil is in the House. Then the 
People cry d Lord rebuke thee Satan, Lord, rebuke thee 
Satan ; What manner of Spirit is this that stops our 
Ministers Mouths. Then the Captain came to Myles, 
and taking him by the Hand, led him out of the House. 
In all that Time he had not spoke a Word, and saw now 
the Accomplishment of what he had been persuaded of be 
fore, viz., That an invisible Power would confound by him 
the Wisdom of the Priests when he spoke never a word." a 
" From thence," says Fox, " I came to Ulverston & 
soe to Swarth moore to Judge ffells." 3 Thomas Fell, 
the owner and occupant of Swarthmoor, was also the 

1 Miles Halhead, born about 1614, lived at Mountjoy, near Under 
barrow, Westmorland. Converted to the Quaker faith in 1652 he 
travelled as a preacher both in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and 
suffered frequent imprisonment. 

History of the Quakers, pp. 72, 73. 3 Journal, Cumb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 19 

representative of an old Furness family. He adopted the 
Parliamentary cause, became Magistrate, Judge, Vice- 
Chancellor and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 
and M.P. for the County. His wife was Margaret, 
daughter of John Askew of Marsh Grange, Dalton-in- 
Furness. Her supposed descent from Anne Askew, the 
Marian martyr, is now generally discredited. Both she 
and her husband were devoted members of William 
Lampit s congregation at Ulverston ; and their home at 
Swarthmoor seems to have been a kind of open house for 
ministers and religious people generally. That will 
account for the fact that George Fox made his way thither 
seemingly without any special invitation. The Judge 
was away at the time of his visit and so appears to have 
been his wife, but there " came uppe preist Lampitt 
which I perceived had beene & was still a ranter in his 
minde & I had a great deale of reasoninge with him : 
for hee woulde talk of high notions & perfection & thereby 
deceived ye people : & hee woulde have owned mee butt 
I coulde not owne him nor joine with him hee was soe 
full of filth." l On her return at night Margaret Fell was 
distressed to find that Fox and her minister had dis 
agreed. The day following William Lampit came again 
to Swarthmoor and Fox says : 

" I had a great deale of discourse with him before 
Margaret fell whoe soone then discerned ye preist cleerely 
& a convincement came upon her & her family of ye Lords 
truth ; & there was a humiliation day (shortly after within 
a day or two) kept att Ulverston & m.ff . askt mee to goe 
to ye Steeplehouse with her ; for shee was not wholely 
come off & I saide I must doe as I am ordered of ye Lorde 
butt I walked in ye feilds & then ye worde of ye Lorde 
came to mee to goe to ye steeplehouse after ym & when I 
came ye preist Lampitt was singinge with his people & 
his spiritt & his stuffe was soe foule yt I was moved of ye 
Lord to speake to him & ye people after they had donne 
singinge." 2 

1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47. a Ibid., p> 4 8, 



20 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Fox tells us that " one Justice Sawrey l cryed take him 
away," but that " Judge ffells wife saide to ye officers lett 
him alone why may not hee speake as well as any other " ; 
and that " Lampitt saide for decepte lett him speake." 
" Soe att last," he continues, " when I had declared a 
pretty while ye Constable putt mee out." 2 

William Lampit, the Ulverston minister, with whom 
Fox was now brought into contact, is a most interesting 
personality. From the very first Fox appears to have 
had the strongest aversion to him ; and there are few 
characters in his Journal, against whom he indulges 
in more bitter and violent language than that which he 
employs in relation to the Ulverston minister. He even 
infected with his spirit and language the children of 
Judge Fell : for three years afterwards, he records in his 
Journal that Mary, the Judge s eight year old daughter, 
" was moved of ye Lorde to goe & speake to preist Lampitt 
& to tell him yt ye Lord woulde poure out ye vialls of 
his wrath upon him." The actual document, brown 
\\ith age, endorsed " mary fell to a prest," " when she 
was 8 years old 1655," has just been discovered, and in 
it are the following words : 

" Lampitt the plaiges of god shall fall upon thee, & 
the seuen viols shall bee powerd upon thee, & the milstone 
shall fall upon thee, & crush thee as dost under the lords 
feete how Can thou escape the damnation of hell, This did 
the lord give mee as I lay in bed, Mary fell." 3 

Shortly after his meeting with Lampit, George Fox 
sends a letter to him in which he speaks of him as " a 
decever surfeted & druncke with ye earthly spirit rambling 
up and downe in ye scriptures ... a beast smotheringe 
& tumblinge in ye earth & lust," and says : " When 
yu art in thy torment, thoug now yu swelst in thy vanitie 
& livest in thy wickedness remember thou wast warned 
in thy life time when ye eternal condemnation is reatched 

1 Probably Roger Sawrey, the distinguished Cromwellian soldier and 
eminent Nonconformist, whose home was for some while at Broughton 
Tower. 

Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 48. Ibid., pp. 231, 439. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 21 

over yee." 1 A like communication was sent to Lampit s 
congregation, in which he is referred to as "a blind guid " 
and he and they as " a cage of uncleane birds." Another 
letter " to the false christs & priest lamperd in Ulverston 
in lanksher " in 1652 is much after the same type ; and, 
even in his notice of his death, he speaks of him as "an 
old deceiver and perverter of the right way of the Lord 
and a persecutor of the people of God." 

As in the case of Camelford, William Lampit deserves 
to occupy a place of prominence among the illustrious 
men of that heroic age ; but George Fox found in him 
one of his most powerful antagonists because he was 
much after his own type. He was a man of strong 
convictions and held views bordering upon the extreme. 
He passed among men as an Independent and for his 
principles suffered not a little. To Calamy he was 
little known, but much of his life has been rescued from 
obscurity, and it is told with considerable fulness in The 
Ejected of 1662 in Cumberland and Westmorland? He 
was ejected from his living at Aikton in Cumberland 
previous to his advent to Ulverston. At the latter place 
he was outed through the Uniformity Act, but like his 
neighbour, Gabriel Camelford, he remained in the district. 
Together they preached as they had opportunity ; 
together they licensed houses for public worship during 
the Indulgence period ; together they suffered excom 
munication and fines ; and together they helped to found 
Furness Nonconformity. William Lampit died about 
1677, shortly after Gabriel Camelford ; but in neither 
case has the place of burial been discovered. 

George Fox believed that outside the Quaker circle 
the religion of the country was utterly corrupt and 
wrong, and the serious reflections which he was in the 
habit of making upon the Churches and ministers without 
discrimination are to be interpreted in that light. They 

1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. pp. 77, 88. * Ibid., Ed. 1765, p. 495. 
3 Nightingale. Published in two volumes by the Manchester Uni 
versity in 1911. 



22 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

were honestly meant, of course, but in point of fact they 
are frequently not only caricatures, but quite incorrect ; 
for as already intimated, religion at this time was par 
ticularly alive, and many of the men in charge of the 
Churches were among the most devoted and saintly that 
the Church has ever reared. And it says much for the 
real worth of the man, for his manifest sincerity and the 
unspeakable value of his work, that in spite of these and 
many other defects, which marked the spirit, utterances 
and actions of himself and many of his followers in the 
early stages of his movement, George Fox holds an 
unchallenged place in the reverence and affection of all 
sections of the Christian Church. 

During the period of his first stay at Swarthmoor 
visits were paid to Aldingham, Rampside, Dalton, 
Walney Island, Baycliff, and "to a Chapell beyonde 
Gleeston which was built but never preist had preached 
in it : where all ye Country uppe & doune came & a quiet 
peaceable mee tinge it was where ye worde of life was 
declared amongst ym & many was convinced about 
Gleeston." After this he says : " I returned to Swarth- 
more again." l 

A brief stay at Kendal and other places in Westmor 
land followed, and in the meantime, Judge Fell returned 
home. Met on his way by " a party of captains and 
magistrates all in a great state of anger, who told him 
that the Quakers had bewitched his family, and taken 
them out of their religion and must be packed off or all 
the country would be undone," 2 the Judge was greatly 
offended and troubled. On his arrival he found Richard 
Farnsworth 3 and James Nayler, 4 two prominent Quaker 

1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 50. 

* Braithwaite s Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 103. 

* Richard Farnsworth belonged to Tick Hill in Yorkshire. He 
travelled much and suffered considerably. In reference to a visit to 
Wakeficld he says : " At night the devill did rage. Stones flew as fast 
as Bullits in a Battle but not so much as one received any harme." 
He died in London in 1666. 

* James Nayler was born at Ardsley near Wakefield in 1618, and after 
his adoption of Quaker principles and suffering much for them in the 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 23 

leaders at the Hall, who " perswaded him to be still and 
weigh things before he took any action." " And then," 
says Margaret Fell, " was he pretty moderate and quiet, 
and his dinner being ready, he went to it, and I went in 
and sat me down by him. And whilst I was sitting, the 
power of the Lord seized upon me ; and he was stricken 
with amazement and knew not what to think, but was 
quiet and still. And the children were all quiet and still 
and grown sober, and could not play on their music that 
they were learning, and all these things made him quiet 
and still. And then at night George Fox came ; and 
after supper my husband was sitting in the parlour, and 
I asked him if George Fox might come in, and he said, 
Yes. So George came in without any compliment, and 
walked into the room, and began to speak presently, and 
the family and James Nayler and Richard Farnsworth 
came all in, and spoke very excellently as ever I heard 
him and opened Christ and the Apostles practices which 
they were in, in their day. And he opened the night of 
apostacy, since the Apostles days and laid open the priests 
and their practices in the apostacy, that if all in England 
had been there I thought they could not have denied the 
truth of these things. And so my husband came to see 
clearly the truth of what he spoke, and was very quiet 
that night, and said no more and went to bed." 1 

Judge Fell never openly joined the Quaker movement, 
but his sympathies appear to have gone much with it ; 
and, until his death in October 1658, he continued to 
befriend its supporters in various ways. 

It is not intended in this work to follow in detail 

north he went to London in 1655. There he drew considerable 
audiences and became one of the most extreme men in the movement. 
He even permitted homage to be done to him after the manner of Christ, 
and both in London and Bristol heavy punishments were inflicted upon 
him. Later he repented and was reinstated in the affection and respect 
of the Friends whom his extravagances had alienated. Much has been 
written about him ; he is indeed one of the most prominent figures in 
Quaker history. He died in 1660. Vide The Ejected, etc. (Nightingale), 
vol ii. pp. 933-938, for some interesting information about Nayler. 
1 Brathwaite s Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 103. 



24 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

the career of George Fox in Lancashire, and a few further 
sentences in relation to it must suffice. At Kellet he met 
with Robert Widders, who also became one of the most 
vigorous missionaries of the new movement ; at Lancaster 
after declaring the truth "to the priest and people" in the 
" steeple house " he was " haled out and stoned along the 
street " ; at Halton he went " to the steeple house by 
the waterside where one Whitehead x was priest, to whom 
and to the people he declared the truth in the dreadful 
power of God " ; and he returned to Ulverston and was 
mobbed. A warrant issued against him led to his appear 
ance at the Lancaster Assizes, but the case was dismissed, 
probably through the influence of Judge Fell. The year 
following he accepted a challenge to dispute from " priest 
Bennett 2 of Cartmell," paid a visit to " Arnesyde, there 
was a many people," and went into Cumberland for a 
great Mission, where he won the most striking success, thus 
being for some time absent from Lancashire. In 1657 he 
undertook a journey to Scotland, on his way including 
Liverpool, Manchester, Preston, Lancaster, Sandside, in 
all of which places and others en route he had " many 
precious meetings," 3 proceeding to Swarthmoor where 
he had " a little respite from travel." From Swarthmoor 
he went north and after covering a considerable area in 
Scotland made his way back to England keeping mainly 
to the eastern side, but taking in Swarthmoor. In 1660 
and 1663 he was again in this part of the County visiting 
the various places where companies of his followers were 
located, and on each occasion he spent some months in 
Lancaster Castle. In 1675 he paid a somewhat lengthy, 
and what appears to have been a last, visit to these parts. 
Previous to this, on the 27th of October 1669, George 

1 Thomas Whitehead of Halton, ejected from this place by the 
Uniformity Act, and not as commonly supposed from Dalton-in- 
Furness. 

* Philip Bennett was ejected from Ulverston, but afterwards he 
conformed. For full account of him Vide The Ejected of 1662, etc. 
(Nightingale). 

Journal, Ed. 1765. p. 244. 



GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 25 

Fox and Margaret Fell had been married at Bristol. In 
his Journal, Fox says that " he had seen from the Lord 
a considerable time before," that he should take Margaret 
Fell to be his wife. " And when I first mentioned it to 
her," he continues, " she felt the answer of life from God 
thereunto. But though the Lord had opened this thing to 
me, yet I had not received a command from the Lord 
for the accomplishment of it then. Wherefore I let the 
thing rest and went on in the work and service of the Lord 
as before, according as He led me, travelling up and down 
in this nation and through Ireland. But being at Bristol 
and finding Margaret Fell there, it opened in me from the 
Lord that the thing should be accomplished." l The 
certificate of marriage bears the signatures of 94 Friends 
including her six daughters and three sons-in-law, but 
not that of George Fell, a son, who was bitterly opposed 
to his mother s action throughout. Margaret Fell 
returned to Swarthmoor without her husband, whose 
work kept him in the south ; and they were little together, 
Fox s itinerant labours making residence at Swarthmoor, 
or at any one place, for any length of time impossible. 
Swarthmoor, however, continued to be the centre of 
Quaker influence in the north, and there can be little 
doubt that therein will be found, in part at least, the 
explanation of the striking success which accompanied 
the movement in these parts. 

The scope of this work does not permit of the discussion 
of some most interesting questions which the title would 
seem to suggest. If they are referred to at all it is in 
a somewhat incidental fashion. In a recent letter Mr 
Braithwaite says : " From the point of view of Quaker 
history the salient points are, I think, the following : 

" i. The rise of Quakerism as a strong movement through 
the help of the great Seeker community in Westmorland. 

"2. The effect of the Kaber Rigg plot in the persecu 
tion of Friends George Fox, F. Howgill, Margaret Fell, 
William Wilson, etc. 

1 Margaret Fox of Swarthmore Hall, by Helen G. Crosfield, p. 139. 



26 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

" 3. The Wilkinson-Story separation. It took over 
the Friends of Underbarrow and Hutton, and many in 
Preston Patrick and Kendal." 

In his recent work, The Second Period of Quakerism, 
Mr Braithwaite deals fully with these points and brings 
to their consideration much entirely new light. For 
information in reference to these matters the reader 
should consult his book. 1 

In Mr Braithwaite s book, The Beginnings of Quakerism, 
is a skeleton map, which is intended to indicate at a 
glance the strength of the Quaker movement at the 
beginning of 1654. The map is, perhaps, a little too 
skeleton, and its value would have been considerably 
enhanced if, at least, the names of the respective Counties 
had been added ; but, even as it is, the picture which it 
presents is quite impressive. From the Ribble to the 
Humber, the little round dots indicating Quaker centres 
are somewhat numerous ; and the bit of Lancashire with 
contiguous Westmorland, which skirts Morecambe Bay, 
presents quite a cluster of them. Apart from this, how 
ever, Lancashire appears almost entirely free, and it would 
require a large amount of imagination to admit the truth 
of Dr Halley s statement that the Quakers may " almost 
be called a Lancashire Sect, as the earliest and most 
successful labours of their founder were in that county 
and its neighbourhood." 2 Except for the strip of North 
Lancashire just named, of which Swarthmoor may be 
regarded as centre, the County presents none of the 
phenomenal success which attended the movement in 
Cumberland and Westmorland. Still, -unconsciously 
perhaps, Dr Halley gives utterance to a partial truth. 
Far more widespread was the movement in Lancashire 
during the first 60 or 70 years of its existence than is 
generally supposed ; and it is this fact which this work is 
intended to make clear. 

1 The Ejected of 1662 (Nightingale) also contains some illuminating 
facts. 

Lancashire : its Puritanism and Nonconformity, vol. i. p. 465. 



CHAPTER II 
THE WITNESSING FACTS 

THIS chapter contains a collection of facts from various 
sources, illustrating the sufferings which fell upon the 
Quakers during the bitter and prolonged persecution 
which marked the I7th century. That is the chief 
burden of the chapter, though much else appears in it, 
especially when we pass into the easier days which the 
Toleration Act introduced. Though in most of what 
follows, the passages are copied almost verbatim I have 
not thought fit to adopt quotation marks, except in a 
few instances by way of emphasis. The original spellings 
also are retained and it will be noted that often enough 
the same name appears in several forms. In point of 
fact there was then no established system of spelling. 
The first of these sources is : 

i. SUFFERINGS OF THE QUAKERS 

THIS is the title of a work by Besse, which was published 
in 1753. It is of very considerable value because it 
is clearly based upon first hand information. Besse 
appears to have consulted original documents, though 
these can hardly have been the Sessions Records to 
which reference is made later. He tells us, indeed, 
in his preface how he derived his information. " That 
the following Collection of the sufferings of this People 
might be as Compleat as the Nature of the Thing would 
admit," says he, " the Compiler of it has endeavoured, 
by an industrious Application for many years past, to 
furnish himself with a competent knowledge of his subject ; 
and for that End has had Recourse not only to their own 
Manuscript Records, wherein is preserved a genuine 

27 



28 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Account of such of the sufferings of their Friends as were 
transmitted to them, but has also consulted a great 
number of printed Accounts relative thereto, and which 
were published at or near the Time of the Transactions 
related : so that the Reader has here presented to his 
View, digested in proper Order of Time and Place, a faith 
ful narrative, not only of what before lay dispersed, but 
also of many remarkable Matters never heretofore 
published which yet were thought well worthy of being 
rescued from Oblivion and transmitted to Posterity. 
The Matters of Fact, herein related, are attended with 
all reasonable Evidences of Truth, and many of them 
are confirmed by Correspondence, Copies of Letters, 
Warrants, Mittimus s, Presentments, Indictments, Trials, 
and other publick Proceedings, inserted in their proper 
places through the Course of this Collection." l 

Unfortunately there is little attempt at arrangement 
of the mass of material used beyond its classification 
under counties and dates. The names of places are mixed 
in the most distracting fashion, and Besse s notes are 
not always reliable ; but even with these defects the book 
is invaluable for the study of the Quaker movement in 
its earlier stages. The names of persons are here retained 
as they appear in it, though in many instances the 
author has not been in the least particular about the 
spelling ; and it is not quite certain, in what follows, 
that in every case the person belonged to the place under 
which the name appears. The difficulty suggested here is 
due, in part, to the fact that those persons were in the habit 
of journeying long distances to meeting places for worship, 
and consequently they may have been taken by their 
persecutors when they were far from their place of abode. 
In a few cases also attempts to identify Place Names 
have not met with success. It will, of course, be noted 

1 Vol. i. p. liv. In the Cambridge Eel. of Fox s Journal, vol. ii. pp. 
65-72 is a list of sufferers for 1664, with which Besse was evidently 
familiar. It appears also in the Sessions Records, and is copied l.it r, 
tide p. no. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 29 

that the names of persons are frequently duplicated, 
and any one who cares to go to the trouble may make 
an even more orderly and perfect list from what follows 
than the one actually given. The gain, however, did not 
seem to warrant the labour which it would have in 
volved, and what follows is quite sufficient for the purpose 
for which it is inserted ; it furnishes a striking picture of 
the extent to which the movement laid hold upon the 
County even in the iyth century. 

(i) LANCASTER AND DISTRICT 
Lancaster. 

1654-1656. John Lawson l of this place for preaching in 
" the Steeplehouse Yard at Malpas " was set in the 
stocks four hours ; and at another time for " exhort 
ing the People in the Steeplehouse at Lancaster " 
he was sent to prison until the Assizes and then 
fined 20. 

1660. " A party of Soldiers, some with Swords drawn 
and Pistols cockt, others with Muskets and lighted 
Matches " came to meetings and took the following : 
John Lawson, Peter Cathery, Thomas Hinde, Robert 
Mayor, Matthew Jepson, Matthew Baines, John Fowler, 
William Gunson, John Jenkinson, William Marshall, 
John Walker, Robert Willson, William Harrison, 
Timothy Taylor, Robert Thornton, Francis Shireson, 
Richard Hinde, George Cawson, Henry Crosfield, 
William Greenbank, Thomas Hodgson, Robert Proctor, 
William Masher, John Birlow, Christopher Barrow, 
Robert Taylor, Robert Bruce, William Baines, Thomas 
Green, Mary Bruce, Dorothy Baines, Ellen Hodgkinson, 
Anne Stubbs, Jennet Tenant, and Jane Dickenson. 

1665. John Berley was fined n/8 for refusing to swear 
when summoned on a Jury. He had 15 sheep taken 
for this fine, which cost 3. 5. 4 ; and John Townson 

1 A shopkeeper in Lancaster. Letters from him to Margaret Fell, 
referring to his imprisonment at Chester about this period, are still 
extant (Swarthmoor MSS.). Among other places he laboured in Wales. 



30 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

chosen Constable refusing to take the usual Oath 
" had a cow taken value 4." 

1676. Robert Walker after being imprisoned three and 
a half years, at the suit of Edward Garthford, 1 " priest 
of Lancaster," died. 

1683. Robert Barrow taken whilst preaching at 
Lancaster was committed to the Castle. 

A rk holme. 

1684. Alice Bakebean was fined at Hornby Court at 
the suit of Anthony Procter " priest of Arkholme." 2 

Robert Withers, 3 Christopher Duckworth, Michael 
Crabtree and William Crabtree had their goods 
distrained. 

Wray and Adjacent Places. 

1660. Soldiers took the following : Robert Bateson, 
John Crosier, Richard Fletcher, Christopher Glover, 
Robert Glover, William Edmondson, 4 William Lamb, 
John Myers, Christopher Nelson, John Priestly, 
Christopher Skirrah, 5 Giles Skirrah, Thomas Skirrah, 
Thomas Skirrah, junr., Marmaduke Tatham and 
Thomas Wilson. 

1678. Thomas Skerray of Wray and Agnes Skerray of 
the same, widow, at the suit of Lord Morley of Hornby 
were imprisoned for Tithes. 

1 Edmund Garforth, Vicar of Lancaster from 1672 to 1682. 
1 Anthony Procter, Curate of Arkholme in 1677. 

3 Robert Withers or Widders, of Kellet, born about 1618. He was 
one of Fox s earliest converts, and became a prominent missionary of 
the new movement, dying about 1686. 

4 William Edmondson, born in 1627, is referred to as the Quaker 
apostle of Ireland. His home was Little Musgrave in Westmorland, 
but on his marriage in 1652 he went to Ireland and ultimately settled 
in business at Lurgan. During a visit to the north of England in 1653 
he became a convert to the Quaker faith, and devoted himself to the 
work of the ministry. He visited America several times and died at 
his residence Rosenallis, in Ireland in 1712. 

* Almost certainly the same a* Skcrrow. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 31 

Yealand. 

1660. At two meetings a Constable and armed soldiers 
took the following : John Backhouse, 1 Richard 
Barrow, Thomas Barrow, Christopher Bisbrown, 
Christopher Bisbrown, junr., John Bisbrown, John 
Bisbrown, junr., John Beakbean, Thomas Camm, 
Thomas Chorley, 2 Edward Cumming, Thomas Doweth- 
well, Robert Hadwen, William Hugginson, Robert 
Hubbersty, James Hutton, William Johnson, Thomas 
Leaper, 3 Thomas Preston, William Slith, William 
Weston, James Weathman, William Weathman, 4 
William Weathman, junr. Robert Widders, Thomas 
Widders, Alice Barrow, Anne Beakbean, Mary 
Athwenwheat, Mary Bisbrown, Anne Cumming, 
Martha Croft, Elizabeth Fell, Francis Flemming, 
Margaret Hadwin, Jane Hubberthorn, Margaret Lucas, 
Frances Preston, Anne Stout, Anne Wheathman, 
Jane Widder, and Robert Drink well. 

Over Kellet. 

1677. Robert Withers was sued by James Greenwood 
Tithe Farmer. Judgment against him for five years 
Tithe Hay to the extent of 6. 15 ; and for five years 
Tithe of Corn 65. 15 being in each case triple the actual 
amount. He had cattle, sheep, and corn taken to the 
value of 98. 2. 10. 

Capernwray. 

1679. Thomas Leaper on the prosecution of James 
Greenwood, Tithe Farmer, had his goods for eight 
years Tithe taken to the value of 41. 16. 4. 

1 John Backhouse, of Moss Side, near Yealand Redmayne, was the 
ancestor of a long line of prominent Quakers. 

2 The Lancashire Registers note the decease, 1698, of Thomas Chorley 
of Warton which is near to Carnforth. He was buried at Yealand. 

8 Lived at Capernwray. References to his imprisonment at Lancaster 
in 1654-5 appear in the Swarthmoor MSS. 

4 Possibly William Waithman of Lindeth, 1625-1694. His daughters 
married into the Quaker families of Routh of Kellet, Pearson of 
Pool bank, and Dockray of Swarthmoor. 



32 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Tatham. 

1676. Elizabeth Wildman, widow, about sixty years 
of age, on a writ de Excommunicate Capiendo at the 
suit of Thomas Sharp, 1 " priest of Tatham " was sent 
to Lancaster Castle, where she died after nine months 
confinement. 

(2) THE FURNESS DISTRICT 
Swarthmoor. 

1660. George Fox was sent to prison for some time. 

Taken from their homes or from the market or their 
employment by a party of horsemen and sent to 
Lancaster Castle without any warrant &c. were the 
following : Thomas Hutton, 2 Tobias Wilson, John 
Chambers, Thomas Fell, Thomas Goad, Richard Fell, 
Richard Ashburner, 3 Thomas Barwick, James Milner, 
Thomas Curwen, 4 Richard Myers, 5 Francis Pearson, 
William Simpson, Thomas Myers, Thomas Fell, 6 
Francis Pearson, junr., Thomas Haverigg, Paul 
Pennington, Edward Cowper, Leonard Ashburner, 
James Chambers, John Goade, William Hawthorn- 

1 Thomas Sharpc replaced Nicholas Smith at Tatham on the passing 
of the Uniformity Act in 1662, and remained until his death in 1699. 

1 Thomas Hutton was resident at Rampside. An only daughter, 
Dorothy, married Thomas Rawlinson in 1663, who became the mother 
of Lydia Lancaster, a prominent minister among the Friends. 

Probably lived at Gleaston. In the Minute Books of the Lancaster 
Meeting is the following: "Richard Ashburner, of Gleaston in Fournece, 
because he could not with a good conscience pay Tithe to Tho. Shaw of 
Aldingham, Priest, was sent Prisoner to Lancaster, where he laid down 
his life in his Testimony, and was buried at Lancaster (suppose 1655)." 
There is, however, a clashing of dates here. 

4 Thomas Curwen belonged to Baycliff and was several times im 
prisoned in Lancaster Castle. In 1665 he had a controversy with John 
Wigan of Manchester. Later he and his wife Alice went on a religious 
visit to America. He died in 1680 aged 70 years. 

. Richard Myers or Miers was the son of Richard and Margaret 
Myers of Baycliff. Several brothers became prominent Fn- nN. 

The Fells were numerous in these parts. John Fell of Langlands 
together with his wife and four sons accepted the Quaker faith in 1653. 
Several of them entered the ministry and among other places travelled 
in Scotland. Christopher Fell was probably one of these. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 33 

thwaite, William Dodgson, Thomas Wilson, William 
Strickland, George Fell, Jasper Sharp, Robert 
Pennington, John Kirkby, Robert Salthouse, William 
Salthouse, James Parke, Thomas Rawlinson, 1 Daniel 
Thwaite, Nicholas Birkett, Thomas Benson, John 
Holme, William Towers, William Atkinson, Thomas 
Fisher, Edward Cowper, and Thomas Wilson, junr. 
1663. George Fox committed to Lancaster Castle. 
Margaret Fell similarly. 

1666. James Fell, Christopher Milner, William Holme, 
William Salthouse, and Thomas Fisher were taken at a 
meeting there and sent to prison. 

1668. Leonard Fell 2 and Thomas Briggs after a meeting 

here were taken from their own dwellings and sent to 

prison. 
1683. Margaret Fox for meetings at her house fined by 

name of Margaret Fell, widow, Had cattle taken to 

the value of 30.0.0. 

At another time, to the value of 40.0.0. 

Cartmell. 

1661. William Pull, Philip Braithwaite, and Richard 
Simpson, together with others lately discharged, were 
sent to prison. 

1686. Mary Simpson had her goods distrained. 

Aldingham. 

1667. Leonard Fell " at the suit of the priest " 3 there 
was cast into prison. 

1 Vide p. 32, note 2. 

1 Leonard Fell was of Baycliff and does not appear to have been 
related to Judge Fell s family though a retainer in it. He travelled 
extensively as a Preacher. His death took place at Darlington, where 
he was buried. 

* This would be Thomas Shawe, M.A., who held the living from 1625 
to Oct. 19, 1667, when he died. During the Commonwealth, and at 
the Restoration, he adapted his principles to the changing times. 

C 



34 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Baydifl. 

1672. John Curwen was imprisoned on a significavit 

at the suit of Theophilus Aimes " priest " l there. 

Leonard Fell similarly. 

Colton. 

1679. James Smith was committed to Lancaster Castle 
at the suit of Henry Rowe, Tithe Farmer, of Wigan. 

Hawkshead. 

1665. William Satterthwaite, Robert Pennington, 
Thomas Pennington, George Benson, Thomas Docwra, 2 
and Michael Wilson were taken from a meeting at 
Hawkshead and sent to prison for refusing the oath. 
For the same James Hartley and John Brewer suffered 
imprisonment ; and William Hutton and John Green 
wood had their goods taken. 

Windermere. 

1676. Leonard Fell for preaching, at a meeting here ; 
William Rigg, John Bownas and Thomas Pennington 
for being present, had their goods distrained. 

Lonsdale Hundred. 

1678. At the Wapentake Court the following had their 
goods distrained to the respective amounts given : 
Thomas Atkinson 3 .400 

Richard Britton . .368 
John Barrow . . i 10 o 

Thomas Barrow . . 5 10 o 
Ellen Braithwaite . . I 15 o 
Eliz. Barrow, widow . . 3 10 o 

The total demand being . 6 10 9 

And the amount taken . 19 n 8 

1 Theophilus Amyas succeeded Thomas Shawe at Aldingham in 1668, 
and remained until his death in 1672. Evidently he had charge of 
Bayclifi also. 

1 Thomas Dockray was born about 1632, near Portinscale in Cumber 
land. His convincement took place in 1653, and he travelled the 
three kingdoms in pursuit of his ministry. In 1683 he settled at 
Silverdalc, and became connected with the Yealand meeting. 

Thomas Atkinson belonged to Cartmell. He was the author of a 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 35 

Furness (partly). 

1654-6. Jeremiah Tomlinson, George Cowson, John 
Moone, Edward Moone, Richard Cubham, 1 Thomas 
Hill, Benjamin Boult, Agnes Mackreath, Simon 
Whitehead, Peter Leatherhead, James Fletcher, 
William Gibson, William Dewsberry, Thomas Hutton, 
Thomas Curwen, Walter Myers, Mary Clayton, Anne 
Clayton, Mary Howgill, Jane Ashburner, John Driver, 
James Simonson, Thomas Rawlinson, Richard Roper, 
Richard Waller, Thomas Salthouse, and Leonard Fell 
were several times committed to prison for speaking 
to priests and people in their public assemblies. 

(3) THE FYLDE DISTRICT 
Fylde District (place uncertain). 

1660. John White, William Tompson, John Tompson, 
John Moone, 2 Henry Eccles, Christopher Parkinson, 
William Gibson were sent to prison. 

pamphlet, The Christian s Testimony against Tythes, 1678. In 1684, 
in his 8oth year, he wrote An Exhortation to all People. 

1 Richard Cubham s home was at Bickers taffe, near Ormskirk. He 
was a man of great consequence in the district. From his five daughters 
were numerous descendants. His wife, Anne, died in 1703, and he in 
1709. A pamphlet, containing "Memorials of the Families of Cropper, 
Cubham, and Wolsey, of Bickerstaffe, and of Winstanley of Winstanley," 
collected by N. Waterhouse, was printed for private circulation in 1864. 
The information which it gives is extremely interesting. Under date 
1654 we get the following: "Certain friends had a meeting at 
Bickersteth, which was broken up by David Ellison, Presbyterian 
minister at Rainford, who called a woman who was addressing them 
Jezebel, and other reproachful names, whilst the people who were with 
him beat her and the other Friends. . . . After they had gone to their 
afternoon worship, Richard Cubham and two others were moved of the 
Lord to go to the Chappell. And when two of them came in the people 
rose and looked upon them, and the Priest said, Turn ye, turn ye, hear 
the word of the Lord, but the third coming in a little after, he the 
said Priest tryed keep them back ; and so the people rose and fell on 
them, and hailed them forth, and some they plucked with their hands, 
and some they pulled and threw about, and carryed them all three to 
an ale house called John Pennington s and there gott a guard upon 
them and there kept them prisoners that day and all night." 

a See under Gars tang and Furness. 



36 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Poult on. 

1660. James Smith, after five months imprisonment "by 

means of an envious Priest " l on refusing the Oath of 

Allegiance was sent back to gaol. 

Inskip (probably). 

1660. William Brewer and John Thome together with 
Henry Hales were imprisoned. 

Garstang. 

1676. John Moone at the suit of Thomas Butler was 
imprisoned in Lancaster Castle a whole year, and had 
goods taken also to the value of 20. 

1683. John Moon of Carhouse near Garstang was prose 
cuted at the suit of Thomas Butler for Tithes, had 
" a verdict given against him for 4. 7 on the Statute 
for treble damages amounting to 13. i for which the 
Bayliff took, by an Execution, his Corn in the Barn 
and on his ground, with all his Household Goods, not 
leaving him a Bed to lie on, the whole amounting to 

35." 

(4) THE PRESTON AREA 
Preston. 
1654-6. Thomas Tompson, William Tompson, Eleanour 

Parkinson, John Lawson and Thomas Bond for riding 

a few miles to a religious meeting on " first day of the 

week " had their horses taken to the value of 20. 
Peter Lawford for permitting a meeting in his house 

was sent to prison. 

Richard Weaver for riding to a meeting had his 

mare taken and on complaining to the Mayor of 

Preston was sent to prison. 
1658. John Lawson and 19 others going to a meeting 

were apprehended by a Watch set by the Mayor " and 

detained Prisoners twenty four hours without any 

cause assigned." 

1 This would be Thomas Rigby, M.A., who was appointed to Poulton 
in 1653, and removed to Ireland in 1661. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 37 

Freckleton. 

1676. Thomas Tomlinson, Henry Tomlinson and John 
Townson on Warrant by Edward Rigby l of Preston 
had their goods distrained. Rigby who is described 
as " a persecuting justice " is said to have declared 
that , he would root the Quakers out of the Hundred 
where he dwelt ; that all the Laws yet made against 
them were too short ; and that he would be the first 
that would move for a Law to have them tied to and 
dragged at either an Horse s or Cart s Tail." 

(5) BLACKBURN AND DISTRICT 

Blackburn. 

1654-6. William Simson and Leonard Addison were 

cruelly beaten when speaking to the priest 2 there after 

Sermon 

Chipping.* 

1660. Robert Alston and Thomas Bond were taken 

from their houses without warrant by soldiers and 

sent to Lancaster Castle. 

Thornley. 

1676. James Dil worth for a meeting at his house had 
his oxen taken worth 9. 

(6) CLITHEROE AND DISTRICT 
Clitheroe. 

1674. Richard Colburne for being at a religious meeting 
had a cow taken worth 4. 5. 

1 Doubtless Edward Rigby, younger son of Col. Alexander Rigby of 
Middleton, who besieged Lathom House. Edward Rigby was a 
barrister, steward of the Preston Court Leet, and Member of Parliament 
for the borough for several years. 

1 Leonard Clayton, M.A., who was Vicar from 1647 to 1677, when 
he died. 

3 It is interesting to note that in all this district, including Aighton 
and Chaigley, which is exceedingly rural, the Quakers at this time were 
quite numerous, while to-day there are few, if any. 



38 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1676. Charles Lee a labouring man for having a meeting 
at his house had horses &c. taken value 26. us. 8d. ; 
and similarly Alex. Salsbury for preaching at Thomas 
Garner s house was fined 20 and had cattle taken at 
various times to the value of 60. 

1678. Charles Lee was fined at the suit of Sir Ralph 
Ashton of Whalley and was a prisoner about two 
years. 

Downham. 

1660. James Whip, Thomas Tatham, Elizabeth Easton, 
Mary Tatham, Elizabeth Lorrimer, Anne Driver and 
Edward Hulley were taken at a meeting at Hulley s 
house and committed to prison for refusing the oath. 

Pcndle. 

1682. George Hargreaves had " a numerous Meeting or 
Conventicle " at his house on Sunday Oct. 16 at which 
Isaac Ashton of Clitheioe, " Distiller of Strong Waters," 
did preach and pray, &c. John Fish and John Spencer 
were among those present and all were fined. 

Whalley. 

1684. John Vipon, John Ecroyd, Roger Hartly, John 
Hardman, Stephen Sagar, William Kippax, Edmund 
Pilling, Peter Shackleton, Anne Whaley, James Ruston, 
John Hargreaves and James Whitaker were prosecuted 
at the suit of Edmund Ashton of Whalley in the 
Ecclesiastical Court for Tithes and on refusing the oath 
committed to prison. 

Twiston. 

1668. James Whip was excommunicated and sent to 
gaol. 

(7) BURNLEY DISTRICT 
Marsden. 

1654-6. Several people when returning from the funeral 
of John Sagar s child of Marsden were assaulted and 
beaten by one Edward Kipper. 

In like manner John Liddell and Oliver Atherton 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 39 

were barbarously assaulted whilst quietly travelling 

on the road. 
1674. Goods were taken from several persons for a 

meeting at James Smithson s house. 
1676. William Heape had five beasts taken worth 14 

for a meeting in his house ; and several others for being 

there were distrained to the extent of 2. o. 6. 
1680. William Whaley had cattle taken to the value of 

49. i for preaching. 

Padiham. 

1665. Whilst William Clayton was preaching at a 
meeting there " the priest of that Parish " attended 
by a Constable pulled him into the street and tore 
his coat. Afterwards he was sent to prison. 

1668. Soldiers came to a meeting at Henry Robinson s 
house where William Clayton was preaching and took 
Robinson, Clayton, Francis Dunn and James Whipp. 
They were sent to prison till next Sessions. Shortly 
afterwards 22 persons were taken at a meeting at the 
same place and detained in the House of Correction 
seven weeks. 

Trawden. 

1660. The following were taken whilst worshipping at 
the house of John Hartley : 

John Hartley, Peter Shackleton, James Smithson, 
Robert Atkinson, William Whaley, Nicholas Whitacre, 
John Smith, Samuel Driver, John Hargreaves, Joseph 
Cathery, William Heape, John Sagar, Stephen Sagar, 
Ellen Pollard, Richard Mitchel, Richard Hargreaves, 
Elizabeth Hartley, Mary Wilkinson, Jennet Swaine, 
Jane Clayton, Anne Pollard, Jane Wregles, Mary 
Mitchel, Anne Parker and Alice Heape. 

(8) ORMSKIRK AND DISTRICT 
Ormskirk. 

1658. Rebecca Barnes, Elizabeth Holme, John Barnes 
and others coming from a meeting here were met by 



40 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

David Ellison 1 priest to whom Rebecca spoke " some 
displeasing words " with the result that the people 
set upon her and the rest and much blood was shed. 

1663. Oliver Atherton "through long imprisonment 
in a cold damp unwholesome place " died. 

1674. Isaac Ashton and Hannah Kennedy with Anne 
Atherton were excommunicated for refusing to pay 
towards " repairing the steeplehouse." 

Bicker staff e. 

1660. Soldiers took the following forcibly out of a meet 
ing by the Earl of Derby s orders and sent them to 
Wigan Assizes, where they refused the oath tendered 
to them and were sent to Lancaster Castle : Thomas 
Crosby, Jeremiah Lion, Isaac Ashton, Henry Foster, 
Henry Marland, John Bispham, John Witherly, John 
Ashton, Richard Johnson, Godfrey Atherton, Peter 
Westhead, George Pye, Peter Leadbeater, Roger 
Leatherbarrow, John Underwood and John Smallshaw. 

1674. Richard Cubham, Edward Lion and George Shaw 
at the suit of Lady Catherine Pye were sent to 
Lancaster Castle. 

1679. Richard Cubham for a meeting in his house, 
John Bispham for preaching there, Roger Harsnep and 
Richard Beesley for being present had their goods 
distrained. 

Knowsley. 

1660. The same day as the Bickerstaffe apprehension 
were the following taken here : Peter Laithwaite, 
Henry Hulgreave, William Booth, Richard Beesly, 
Thomas Tarbock, Robert Heyes, William Harrison, 
and Thomas Rose. 

1 David Ellison is given in the Commonwealth Survey of 1650 as 
" Incumbent att Childwall and supplyes the Cure." He is described 
as a panefull godly preaching Minister," who doth observe the Lord s 
daycs and fast dayes and dayes of humiliation appointed by Act or 
Ordinance of Pliament." Vide Commonwealth Survey, Record Society, 
vol. i. p. 67. He was appointed to Childwall about 1645, and probably 
held the living until about 1658. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 41 

Lydiate. 

1664. George Pye for 3. had six cows taken worth 20. 

Aughton. 

1674. Roger Harsnep, Geoige Pye and Roger Leather- 
barrow were prosecuted for Tithes the first at the suit 
of Alexander Baggerly l priest of Aughton and the 
two last at Dr Small wood s suit. 

1675. Roger Harsnep committed to Lancaster Castle 
for 16 months at the suit of Alexander Baggerly priest 
there. 

Hatlex* 

1664. Robert Bruce for claim of 405. had goods taken 

to the value of 8. [Transfer this and Note 2 to the 

Lancaster District, pp. 29-32.] 

(9) LIVERPOOL AND DISTRICT 

Liverpool. 

1654-6. Anne Kennebie for speaking to the people 
there in their public assembly was sent to prison. The 
priest 3 of that place went to see and deride her, while 
others with him beat and abused her. 

Bold. 

1667. Thomas Keckwick sued for Tithes by Orlando 

Bridgman after eleven weeks imprisonment had 

" goods taken to the value of 26. 8. 8." 

Walton. 

1671. Susanna Rose, widow, prosecuted by Thomas 
Marsden, 4 Vicar of Walton, for the marriage fee of 
1/4 having been married to her husband in Quaker 

1 Alexander Baguley was instituted to the living at Aughton, June 
27th, 1674, and deprived for Simony about 1679. 

* Hatlex, near Rest Bank. Leonard Stout, brother to William (vide 
p. 49, note i), was resident there some time. 

3 Probably John Fogg, who was ejected by the Uniformity Act of 
1662. 

4 Thomas Marsden, instituted Sept. 7, 1665, and remained until 
about 1671. 



42 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

fashion suffered 17 weeks imprisonment in Lancaster 
Castle for refusing to pay. 

Sephton. 

1674. Richard Johnson was excommunicated and im 
prisoned for not paying towards the repair of the 
steeplehouse there. 

Prescot. 

1679. Richard Yearwood, Gilbert Holt, Thomas Barnsall 
were committed to Lancaster Castle at the suit of 
Edward Goodall l Vicar of Prescot. Gilbert Holt 
died in prison after being there about four years. 

Sutton. 

1682. Thomas Turbuck for a religious meeting at his 

house had his bedding taken to the value of i. 13. 4. 
William Holgate for a meeting at his house " suffered 

the loss of his Household Goods worth 9. 8s. 6d." 

(10) WIGAN DISTRICT 
Standish. 

1674. Roger Haydock 2 and Heskin Fell 3 were sent to 
prison through refusing to pay Tithe. 

1 Edward Goodall, M.A., was instituted July 24, 1677. Subsequently 
he became a Roman Catholic, and resigned the living in 1690. 

* Roger Haydock was a native of Coppull and is described as a man 
of " great parts, well read and full of matter." He joined the Quakers 
in 1667 through the influence of his brother John, and travelled far "on 
Gospel service." He had a dispute in 1676 " with John Cheyney, a 
minister near Warrington, who published an account of it in Warning 
to Souls to beware of Quakers and Quakerism." He died in 1696. John 
Haydock, his brother, also travelled much as a minister. It was in 
his house at Coppull that the meetings were usually held. There was 
also a brother Robert. 

1 Heskin Fell appears repeatedly in these pages, and the following 
information about him from the pamphlet issued by Mr Waterhouse in 
1864 will be welcomed. He is said to have been a cousin of Judge 
Fell of Swarthmoor, to have been called " a weaver or webster," and 
to have employed servants and apprentices in his trade. His name 
" Heskin," is supposed to have been derived from a hamlet in the 
parish of Standish, and a son, Israel Fell, like him suffered much for 
his principles. " He was born," says his narrator, " in Coppull, in. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 43 

1675. Roger Haydock was sent to prison on the suit of 
the Bishop of Chester. So also was Heskin Fell. 

(n) WARRINGTON AND DISTRICT 
Warrington. 
1654-6. Richard Hubberthorn l and others were taken 

out of a meeting bound hand and foot and laid in the 

open fields on " a cold winter night." 

the parish of Standish and County of Lancaster, ye 22nd of ye 5th 
month 1640, was educated in the profession of the Church of England ; 
but when he grew up to mature years not being satisfied with their 
worship, he joined with some others that seemed more reformed, with 
whom he continued till after the coming in of King Charles ye 2nd, 
when finding they did not stand when tryals were like to come on 
them, he grew dissatisfied with them also, about which time it did 
please the Lord to order his faithful servant, William Gibson, into these 
parts, by whose ministry he was convinced, and received the Truth in 
the Love of it, and for which, soon after, he became a sufferer, not only 
by the reproachful speeches of his neighbours, but a little time after, 
being at a meeting with several more at Bury in Lancashire, he was 
taken and committed prisoner by one Hoult, a Justice of the Peace, 
to ye house of Correction at Manchester, where he continued some time, 
and then was set at liberty again, and so continued about his lawful 
occasions till he was married. After which he was sent Prisoner to 
Lancaster Castle in ye year 1675 at the suit of Ralph Bridock, Bishop 
of Chester, Priest of the Parish of Standish because he could not, 
for conscience sake, pay him his demand for Tythes, etc., where he 
was prisoner till ye later end of 1678, when, by the Bishop s death, he 
was released, in which time it pleased the Lord to bestow a gift of the 
ministry on him, in which service he laboured whilst health and strength 
permitted ; he assisted the meetings of Friends in Scotland twice, and 
Ireland once, and Holland once, and laboured often in many places in 
England. He was jealous for good order and discipline in ye church, 
and very sharp against a Libertine spirit, and that which did add to his 
Reputation was, he took care to govern his own family well. Several 
years before he died he was weakly of body, being often afflicted with 
the Gravel, which caused him to keep much about home ; he would 
often give good advice to them that came to see him, and tell them 
what the Lord had done for him to their Comfort and Edification. And 
in his last illness he would often be blessing the Lord for his goodness . 
his memory was perfect to the last, and he retained his integrity to his 
end, which was quiet and peaceable as one falling asleep. He died 
ye 29th of ye nth month, 1720, aged 80 years, 6 months, and 7 
days." 

1 Richard Hubberthorn belonged to Yealand, and is described as 
one of the foremost protagonists of early Quakerism. Although he 



44 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Ralph Barnes l and John Barnes were sent from a 
meeting at Warrington Heath to Lancaster Castle. 
1684. Nathaniel Disborow, John Barnes, Gilbert 
Potter, Matthias Foster, John Dunbabin, John Gibson, 
John Chorley, Samuel Dunbabin, Susan Wright, Mary 
Cocker, Mary Southworth, Patience Sixsmith, Hugh 
Crosby, Richard Holcroft, Esther Holcroft, Elizabeth 
Gibson, Elizabeth Barnes, Martha Coombs, Robert 
Burton, Thomas Keckvvick, Daniel Keckwick, George 
Birch, John Barrow, Savage Mason, and Matthew 
Mason were all taken at the house of James Wright and 
committed to prison where some were detained ten 
months. 

Sankey. 

1654-6. Whilst Elizabeth Leavens 2 was preaching at a 
meeting here " A rude Company, headed by an Elder 
of their Church pulled her down and abused her much " ; 
and on the way home she, William Birchall, James 
Challoner, Lawrence Johnson and James Lassal were 
set upon and grievously beaten by the people. 

1664. John Minshall for a Tithe claim for 30/. had 
goods taken worth 9 ; and for the same claim suffered 
eight months imprisonment. 

Hardshaw. 

1685. Richard Johnson, Richard Prophet and John 
Fletcher were sent to prison for a meeting at this 

was of low stature and had an inferior constitution and weak voice, 
he had been a captain in the Parliamentary Array, and had had the 
advantage of a liberal education. He visited Norfolk and London, 
and did much useful work there. In 1662 he "laid down the body in 
the time of his imprisonment in Newgate, and by the coroner s inquest 
was found to die naturally." 

1 The Barneses were numerous in these parts. Captain William Barnes 
lived at Great Sankey, near Warrington. The Quakers had meetings 
in his house until 1681, when a meeting place was erected. A son, 
William, married the daughter of Richard Cubham (vide p. 35, note i). 

1 Elizabeth Leavens travelled with Elizabeth Fletcher in 1654 to the 
city of Oxford, "where they suffered by the black tribe of scholars." 
She married Thomas Holme, a weaver of Kendal, and like him was a 
preacher and sufferer. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 45 

place ; but after " three months confinement were 
released at the Summer Assizes this year, when most 
of the other Prisoners in this County were also dis 
charged by virtue of King James s Proclamation for 
a general Pardon." 

(12) MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT 

Manchester. 

1660. Taken out of a meeting and committed to prison 
the following : John Abraham, Isaac Mosse, Abraham 
Garside, Jonathan Bradshaw, John Burgess, Mary 
Ridgway, Mary Poole, Elizabeth Owen, and Elizabeth 
Fletcher. 

1682. At the house of James Strettell many persons 
were fined, the amount being 29. i8s. 

Hey side (near Oldham). 

1665. James Sikes for absenting himself from the 

" National Worship " had a cow and a calf taken from 

him worth 4. 

Bury. 

1665. Taken at the house of Thomas Sale where a 
meeting was being held and sent to Lancaster Castle 
the following : 

Thomas Sale, James Sikes, John Ashton, Arthur 
Walker, Thomas Yates, Richard Mather and John 
Wood, " who left behind thirty-five children besides 
our wives and the rest of our Families all of which 
we have given up into the Hands of God." 

Newhall. 1 

1670. Friends taken at John Ashton s house were 
carried before Lawrence Rawsthorne of Newhall a 
Justice of the Peace who sent Thomas Lorimer, 2 Roger 

1 New Hall, near Tottington, was purchased by Lawrence Rawsthorne 
of Windsor, in 1538. Probably John Ashton s house would be in the 
neighbourhood. 

2 Vide p. 47, note 2. 



46 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Longworth, James Tomson, Heskin Fell, James 
Radcliff, Abraham Crosby, Anthony Shaw, Charles 
Dawson, and Alexander Hatton to the House of 
Correction in Manchester. 

(13) BOLTON AND DISTRICT 

Bolton. 

1678. Roger Longworth occasionally travelling in 
Cheshire suspected of being a Papist, was sent to 
prison by " two officious Justices " but set at liberty 
after two months. 

1679. James Harrison x of this place for preaching at 
Macclesfield had his goods distrained to the value of 
40 " not leaving so much as a skillet to boil the 
Children s milk in." 

James Harrison for preaching at his house in Bolton, 
Phineas Pemberton and his wife for being there were 
fined to the extent of 4. 15. 4. "In order to convict 
the Persons met at Bolton, the Justices, Informers and 
Witnesses with the Attendants ate and drank in one 
Afternoon as much as cost 50/ which the Constable 
engaged to pay for. Thomas Russel, an Under- 
Bayliff, was so drunk that he was found in the street 
wallowing in his vomit, about three in the morning, 
and Some Time after died suddenly." 

Farnworth. 

1671. John Minshall, Samuell Barrow, George Birch, 
Thomas Barnes, Thomas Taylor, and Robert Barton 
" committed to prison for refusing to pay toward the 
repairing of Farnworth Chapel. 

Westhoughton. 

1672. Elizabeth Hirt of this place was committed to 
the House of Correction, Manchester, at the instance 

1 James Harrison was born near Kendal and was a shoemaker by 
trade. After being called to the ministry, he " travelled in many parts 
of this Nation and particularly in the lower parts of Lancashire where 
he marryed." He and his son-in-law, Phineas Pemberton emigrated 
to America from Bolton in 1682. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 47 

of John Angler x " a Priest who dwelt at Deane near 
Boulton upon a chaise of having two children be 
gotten." After being detained ten weeks to the 
Quarter Sessions she was released on production of 
her marriage Certificate. 

Blackrod. 

1684. Jonathan Rigby was fined 20 and had taken 
from him cows &c. worth 27. 

(14) HASLINGDEN AND DISTRICT 

Haslingden. 

1660. Taken by a Constable and committed to prison 
the following : 

Abraham Hayworth, 2 Henry Birtwisle, Richard 
Ratcliff, John Grime, Laurence Taylor, James Ratcliff, 
Henry Wood, John Cowper, Isabel Wood, Mary 
Roysteron, Alice Roysteron, Agnes Robinson, Katherine 
Doe, Isabel Ratcliff, Elizabeth Birtwisle, Margaret 
Birtwisle, Mary Hayworth and Elizabeth Hayworth. 

1 68 1. Henry Birtwistle and George Hayworth sent to 
prison at the suit of John Duckworth 3 " priest " 
there. 

Cassel (?). 

1682. John Aspinal committed to Lancaster Castle at 
the suit of John Duckworth, " priest of Haslingden." 

Rossendale. 

1670 (About}. " Some informers meeting some Friends 
going homeward from Rosendale took their names and 

1 Only son of John Angler of Denton. He conformed in 1662, and 
was instituted to Dean Church, Nov. igth of that year. He remained 
until 1672. 

2 The Heyworth or Haworth family in these parts appears to have 
been very considerable, and in documents of this period the name of 
Abraham Heyworth occurs repeatedly. Meetings were often held in 
his house. Thomas Lorimer (vide pp. 45 and 60) came to him as an 
apprentice " in his childhood." 

3 John Duckworth, M.A., was licensed in 1680, and died in 1695, aged 
44 years. 



48 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

swore that they were at a meeting at Henry Birtwisle s 
house." They had their gpods distrained to the 
value of 35. 

1684. Abraham Hay worth s house at which a meeting 
was being held was visited by " two bold informers " ; 
and James Ratcliff, though he was not present at the 
meeting, was said to be preaching there, and fined 
20 " for which the officers broke open five Doors, 
and took away twelve Kine and an Horse worth 

39-" 

(15) PLACE NAMES NOT GIVEN 

1654-6. Edward Hulley for attempting to exhort the 
people at Pately Bridge was kicked until he was nearly 
killed. 

Henry Wood for asking a Priest " whether he did 
witness the Truth of what he taught was badly beaten 
and sent to prison where he lay thirteen weeks. 

1659. " In this and the preceding years," says Besse, 
" were taken by Distress for Tithes " the following : 

Amount Value of 

Name. Demanded. Goods Taken. 

Richard Ashburner . .234 6 17 o 

Oliver Atherton i o o 600 

Samuel Barrow . 023 o 10 o 

Thomas Barrow i o o 300 

Richard Brit ton .. . iioo 4118 

John Chambers . . 170 400 

Edmund Clayton . .036 600 

Thomas Curwen . . o 12 o 2 10 o 

Thomas Earle . . .012 050 

Thomas Fell . .140 400 

William Greenbank . . 600 22 o o 

Richard Hargreaves . . o 12 o 500 

Edward Harrison . . 2 13 o 10 17 o 

Laurence Hey . . .016 036 

Thomas Leaper . .740 23 o o 

Roger Leatherbarrow . 350 20 o o 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 49 

Amount Value ot 

Demanded. Goods Taken. 

Richard Miers . . .300 15 o o 

John Minshall . . .020 o 12 o 

Edward Moon . . .0010 134 

Thomas Moon . . .0010 3 9 o 

George Pye . . .240 800 

Thomas Pierson . . i 13 4 400 

John Pierson . . .020 090 

William Simpson . . o 17 o 400 

John Townsend . . 015 i 10 o 

Robert Walker . . 3 17 4 10 18 4 

Alice Woolhead . . i i o 500 



18 6 172 15 io 



Richard Ashburner, Richard Miers, Thomas Leaper, 
Oliver Atherton, and Thomas Curwen also suffered 
imprisonment for Tithes ; Robert Stout l the same 
during a period of 18 months ; Thomas Atkinson five 
months ; Richard Cubham a considerable time ; 
Robert Widders two and a half years ; and Richard 
Apener died in Imprisonment for the same. John 
Barrow, Thomas Atkinson, James Taylor and Richard 
Fell had goods taken to the value of 27. 13. 2. 
Thomas Hill was a sufferer for the same cause. 
1659. For refusing to take the oath on several occasions 
we have the following : 



George Barrow 
Thomas Cummin 
John Hargreaves 
Thomas Leaper 
John Minshall 



Goods taken to the 
value of 



4 



1 The Stouts were an old Quaker family in Lancaster of much im 
portance. Some years ago was published the " Autobiography of 
William Stout of Lancaster, wholesale and retail Grocer and Ironmonger, 
a member of the Society of Friends. A.D. 1665-1752." It is exceedingly 
interesting and illuminating in reference not only to Quaker history but 
also to Nonconformity in that town. 

D 



50 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Thomas Green l 
Richard Hargreaves 
John Sagar 
Robert Walker 
George Stythe 
John Smith 

William Seaman 
John Smith 
Richard Weaver 
Peter Sharlton 
John Townson 



12 3 o 



12 15 



35 9 4 



1660. Committed to Lancaster Gaol for refusing to 

swear the following : 

Richard Madder, Edward Dawson, Nehemiah Poole, 
Arthur Walker, Hannah Taylor, Henry Mosse and 
Ellen Aired. 

1660. Committed to Lancaster Castle for refusing the 
Oath &c. : 

Ralph Barnes, Samuel Barnes, Thomas Barnes, 
John Barrow, Samuel Barrow, James Barton, Thomas 
Earle, Samuel Dunbabin, Richard Goose, Gilbert 
Hoult, Richard Houlden, Henry Holbrook, John 
Minshall, Samuel Minshall, Savage Mason, John Mercer, 
John Johnson, John Seddon, Richard Tarbock and 
Thomas Taylor. 

1660. John West, Christopher West, William Hanson, 
Thomas Ackringly, Robert Ardington, Elizabeth Driver 
and Anne Driver with Thomas Patefield " a poor 
labouring man " at whose house they were met were 
committed to the Castle. Similarly Alice Ambrose, 
Mary Tomkins and John Lawson " for reproving a 
Priest." 

J Thomas Green was a shopkeeper of Lancaster. He is styled 
" grocer " and " mercer," and appears to have acted as forwarding 
agent for letters and parcels. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 51 

1660. Robert Biggs was imprisoned. He is given as 
of Hollowmire probably in the Furness District. 

1661. Edward Lord, Ralph Ridgway, Nehemiah Poole, 
Edward Dawson, Richard Madder, James Bold, John 
Aldred, John Blinkhorne, Henry Wood, John Wood, 
John Abraham, Isaac Mosse, and Abraham Garside 
were beset with armed men as they were leaving a 
meeting and sent to Lancaster Gaol. 

1661. Thomas Cuming, 1 Robert Wilson, Henry Crosfield, 
Thomas Harrison, William Mashter, Robert Taylor, 
George Escridge, Robert Walker, Thomas Hodgson, 
William Gunson, John Fowler, Timothy Taylor, 
Robert Bruce, William Taylor, Matthew Jepson, 
Robert Thornton, Bryan Hodgson, William Weaver, 
George Cawson, William Harrison, Robert Mayor, 
William Coward and Robert Hinde sent to prison for 
being at a meeting. 

1662. Thomas Moon, William Brewer, John White, 
John Townsend and John Moon for demands for 
tithes 2. 14. 5. were distressed to the value of 
15.195. 

Gilbert Whitside suffered 23 months imprisonment ; 
and George Lydiatt, Roger Leatherbarrow and Richard 
Johnson " for Steeplehouse Rates " amounting to 
19/3 had goods distrained to the value of 3. 8s. 2d. 

1663. Roger Hartley, Stephen Sagar, John Sagar, and 
Richard Hargreaves for demands of the value of 
3. 5. lost goods value 11. 10. 6. For Tithes the 
following were prisoners in the Castle : Thomas 
Cubham, Richard Curwen, Isaac Ashton, Thomas 
Chaddock, Henry Woods, Richard Johnson, John 
Smallshaw and Henry Hulgreave. 

1663. John Satterthwait and Samuel Sandys died 
prisoners for their Testimony against Tithes ; and for 

1 Thomas Gumming or Cummings was a dyer of Lancaster. Letters 
appear frequently to have been consigned to him for delivery at 
Swarthmoor Hall. 



52 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

refusing the oath of Allegiance the following were 
committed to prison : 

Thomas Chorley, Thomas Waters, William G reave, 
John Stubbs, Thomas Davenport, James Brown, 
William Wilson, 1 Edward Satterthwaite and George 
Holme. 

1664. William Wireside, Mary Boult, Gilbert Whiteside 
had goods distrained for " Steeplehouse Rates." 

1664. 



Robert Wales 
Robert Briggs 
T. Crossfield 



Distress for Meetings 
21 14 o 



James Lancaster 
Richard Fell 

Richard Walker 

Giles Walker 

Thomas Chorley ( 21 10 o 

Robert Widders 

Thomas Leaper 

1664. Alexander Rigby had two horses taken worth 
5 ; James Gregory a Cow worth 3. These two 
along with Jonathan Rigby, George Bradshaw, Ralph 
Wood, Alice Pemberton and Margaret Bradley were 
committed to the House of Correction for three months. 

Thomas Warriner, James Had wen, Robert Clark, 
Richard Borough and William Jackson were committed 
to prison for religious meetings. 

1665. Thomas Moone for i. 6s. demanded had goods 
worth 14 taken. 

John Minshall for 145. demanded had goods taken 
value 3, 135. 4d. 

1 William Wilson was of Langclale Chapel Stile, in Westmorland. He 
travelled far in the interests of his mission, including the British Isle>, 
Holland, and Germany. In 1685 he wrote to Daniel Fleming about lu^ 
friend, William Grave, who " is this day lyeing in the perall of death." 
Grave, however, recovered, for in 1664 Wilson writing to Fox 
" I have thoughts this wecke with our friend William Grave to goe dounc 
to Carlile to visittc our friends there in prison." 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 53 

1665 Francis Benson, for being at a meeting had 
" Coat and Hat taken from him and his daughter 
her Petticoat." They were imprisoned also for being 
at meetings. 

James Fell, Leonard Fell, Christopher Milner, 
William Holme, Bernard Benson, William Rigg, 
Thomas Sale, James Sikes, and Thomas Yatcs were 
imprisoned for the same. Reginald Walker, Elizabeth 
Wilson and Michael Wilson for Easter offerings 2d. 
each were distressed twenty times that amount. 

1666. George Benson, Richard Walker, William 
Satterthwaite, Richard Johnson and John Smallshaw 
were committed to prison at the suit of Edward 
Morton, priest. 

1666. At the house of Giles Walker, George Benson, 
Reginald Holme, John Dixon, Michael Wilson, Edward 
Hird, Reginald Walker were taken whilst a meeting 
was being held and sent to prison. Giles Walker s 
house is said to be at Walker-Ground, which was 
probably in the Furness District. 

1667. John Townson and John White were imprisoned 
in Lancaster Castle for refusing to meet the demands 
" toward the Repairs of the Steeplehouse." 

1668. John Sagar prosecuted in the Ecclesiastical Court 
was excommunicated for not appearing at the time 
" when he was close shut up in Gaol " and in con 
sequence of the Excommunication was detained in 
prison four and a half years. 

1668. James Taylor, Thomas Barrow, Thomas Atkinson 
and Laurence Newton had goods taken for non-payment 
of Tithes to the value of 28. 5. 

1668. John Ashton, John Haydock, Thomas Lorimer, 
Hugh Taylor, Henry Wood, and Thomas Sale committed 
to Lancaster Gaol for meeting at John Ashton s house. 

1669. Abraham Hayworth for io/ demanded had 
goods taken worth . . ..... . 2 io o 

Henry Birtwisle for io/. demanded had 
goods taken worth . . . . . . . i 13 4 



54 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Abraham Hayworth for I5/. demanded 
had goods taken worth . . . . 2 10 o 

Thomas and Alice Beakbain for 3. 14. 5. 
had goods taken worth . . . 5 15 o 

Reginald Walker for i6/ demanded was imprisoned 
in Dalton Castle 18 weeks. 

Roger Longworth, Anthony Shaw, Alexander 
Hatton, Heskin Fell were sent to prison " for meeting 
together to worship God," and Heskin Fell, whilst in 
prison was fined 20 " for suffering a meeting at his 
House." 

1670. Reginald Walker imprisoned seven weeks at 
Kendal " at the suit of John Ambrose l priest of 
Grassmore." 

Thomas Beakbean for "a pretended Marriage fee 
had goods taken from him worth jj " though the 
Priest who claimed it had no Concern in marrying 
him "as he was married in an assembly of 
Quakers." 

1671. Mary Hargreaves, John Hardiman and Edward 
Dawson had goods distrained. 

1672. John Smallshaw was sent to prison for Tithes ; 
and the following were distrained for the same : 
Robert Atkinson, Elizabeth Barrow, Richard Brittain, 
Laurence Newton and Thomas Atkinson. 

1674. John Fowler, and George Cawson were imprisoned 
four months at Lancaster for a small " Demand for 
Steeple house Repairs." 

Robert Salthouse and James Harrison had goods 
distrained for meetings in their houses the former to 
the value of 6, the latter 11. 6. 

1675. Thomas Bond, John Walker, and William Baines 
prisoners in Lancaster Castle for Tithes. 

Robert Hubbersty, Francis Flemming, William 
Waithman, and James Waithman were committed 
to Lancaster Castle on an Exchequer Prosecution at 
the suit of Hugh Phillips, Tithe farmer, under the 

1 John Ambrose, B.A., was at Grasmere from about 1660 to 1684. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 55 

Dean of Worcester. John Grime distressed by 
Laurence Ormond, Tithe farmer. 

1676. Alice Haydock, widow, prosecuted for tithes by 
the Bishop of Chester and sent to Lancaster. 

Henry Birtwistle for Tithes value io/ was distressed 
to the value of 3. 6. 8. 

1676. John Vipon had " a piece of Kersey " taken 
worth 1. io. for Tithe ; Mary Walker was fined 20 
for having a meeting in her house ; and William 
Wilson the same sum for preaching. 

1677. John Veepan, William Whaley, Richard 
Hargreaves, John Bordman, and John Grime " after 
prosecution in the Wapentake Court for Tithes " 
were distressed to the extent of 15, 7. 4. 

1677. Thomas Crosby, Joseph Coppuck and John 
Johnson had their goods distrained for a meeting at 
this place to the extent of 8. 5. The place where 
this occurred is given as Franley, which has not been 
identified. 

1677. George Rigg, Edward Stones, Informers, gave 
intelligence to Miles Dolding x of a meeting which led 
to 35 being taken and io having their goods distrained 
to the value of 35. 17. io. The place where this 
meeting was held is given as Height, probably the 
same as Heighten and somewhere in the Furness 
District. 

1678. George Pye for 5. 13. 4., had goods distrained 
to the value 21. 

Andrew Lund, Henry Townson and John Townson 
" for trivial demands of tithes " were imprisoned in 
the Fleet at London about four years. 

Many persons in the County fined to the extent 
of 74, 17. 4. for absence from the National 
Worship. 

1 Miles Dodding was a Justice of the Peace belonging to the Cartmell 
district. He was related to Sir Daniel Fleming and Colonel Richard 
Kirkby, both of whom were vigilant in their persecution of the 
Quakers. 



56 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1679. William Whaley goods distrained to 
the value of . . . . . . .400 

Stephen Sagar goods distrained to the value of o 18 6 

Peter Shackleton goods distrained to the 

value of . . . . . .500 

William Hatton goods distrained to the value 

i 10 o 

James Fletcher goods distrained to the value 
<>f 150 



13 6 



1680. Thomas Crosbie and Joshua Crosbie were com 

mitted to Lancaster Castle. 
1680. Matthew Read of Heighton for a meeting at his 

house had taken from him goods value 20, 10. 
1 68 1. Henry Wood sent to prison at the suit of the 

priest there. The place given is Bramble, which has 

not been identified. 

1682. John Fell, John Curwen, John Cowel, William 
Salthouse, James Geldert, Thomas Fisher and William 
Towers fined after prosecution in the Exchequer 
Court for Tithes at the suit of Mary Woodburn, Tithe 
farmer. Goods taken to the value of 64. 16. 3. 

Also John Walker, Alice Bakebean, Christopher 
Widdow and John Lees for 10, 17. 6. distressed 
nearly three times the amount. 

1683. Robert Salthouse and others fined for meeting. 

1683. John Leigh and William Wilde at the suit of 
William Richardson; Tithe farmer, committed to 
prison. 

1684. Richard Cubham, Godfrey Atherton, John 
Minshall, William Crowdson, John Bispham, Daniel 
Bispham, Richard Busby, Alexander Roylance, James 
Frodsham, Thomas Hiccock, William Griffith, Gilbert 
Potter, Eleanor Billings, Henry Foster, Joseph Coppuck, 
Joshua Crosbie, and Henry Walton, prisoners for being 
at a meeting were brought before Judge Jeffries who 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 57 

fined them 20 each. They were recommitted to 

prison, and Henry Foster died there. 

Daniel Abraham, 1 James Goddard and Leonard Fell 

sent to prison for being absent from the National 

Worship. 

William Ravvlinson, Abraham Rawlinson, Elizabeth 

Saunders, Mary Benson, Henry Stones, Edward 

Robinson, Barbara Satterthwait and Isabel Forest 

committed to prison. 
1684. James Ratcliff, Nicholas Rawthorne, John 

Rawthorne, John Hargreaves, Alice Hargreaves, 

Abraham Hayworth, Richard Mather, William Jackson, 

Henry Crook and Henry Hargreaves were indited at 

Manchester and sent to prison. 

About the same time Francis Flemming was sent to 

prison ; also William Satterthwait, Edward Satter- 

thwaite, and Thomas Skerrow. 
1684. At the interment of the wife of Henry Tomlinson 

John Hayton was fined for speaking a few words and 

the owners of the burial ground were fined also. 

Tomlinson afterwards sent to prison. 
1684. John Townson for a meeting at his house, Henry 

Houlden, Thomas Tomlinson and Henry Tomlinson 

for being there had goods distrained. 

1 Daniel Abraham belonged to Manchester, being the only surviving 
child of John and Rachel Abraham of that city. In 1682, he married 
Rachel, daughter of Thomas Fell, and they resided at Swarthmoor Hall 
with Margaret Fox. He was very aggressive in the advocacy of Quaker 
principles, and suffered in consequence. In 1691 he purchased Swarth 
moor Hall, which at his death in 1731 passed on to a son, John, who 
sold it in 1759. In her deeply interesting and valuable work, Margaret 
Fox of Swarthmoor Hall, Helen G. Crosfield writes : " For a hundred 
and fifty years the Hall has remained in the hands of strangers, but it 
has recently (1912) come into the possession of a descendant of Judge 
and Margaret Fell, Miss Emma C. Abraham of Birkenhead, who has 
started the much needed work of renovation and restoration. By 
the deed of purchase, certain members of the Society of Friends have 
the option of acquiring the Hall on the death of the present owner 
and her heir, and it would therefore seem probable that Swarthmoor 
Hall, after a long period of different ownership, will eventually become 
the property of the Society of Friends." 



58 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1684. John Rosthwait and Alice Ratcliff for absenting 
themselves from the National Worship were fined. 

Daniel Abraham and his wife and Margaret Fox and 
Leonard Fell were prisoners at Lancaster Castle. 

1685. Richard Britton, George Barrow, John Gurnall, 
Miles Birkett, and Jennet Dixon were prosecuted " at 
the suit of Thomas Preston of Holcar, Esqr." 

Henry Mitchell was sent to prison. George Hayworth 
and Henry Birtwisle were committed at the suit of 
Sir Edmund Ashton. John Backhouse and Richard 
Lancaster with several others had their goods 
distrained. 

William Atkinson and Nathan Kenerdy had goods 
distrained for nine weeks absence from the National 
Worship. 

1687 Richard Hargreaves, John Sagar, John Hudson, 
Roger Hartley, Nicholas Holgate, Jeffrey Shackerly, 1 
John Horabin, Robert Atkinson, George Birch and 
Peter Barnes were committed to prison on writ de 
excom. cap. at the suit of Sir Edmund Ashton, Im- 
propriator for Tithes. 

1689. Taken from sundry persons out of the Fields 
for Tithes " to the amount of 79. 14. 10. 

1690. Taken in kind this year from Quakers in the 
County 134. 14. 5. 

2. THE FIRST PUBLISHERS OF THE TRUTH 

The references to Lancashire in this important work, 
published in 1907, are meagre, and it is, of course, quite 
obvious that what follows is not to be regarded as ex 
haustive. Here, again, the material is first hand, having 
been collected during the years 1680 to 1720, and, there 
fore, is most trustworthy. Some of the names of 
Besse s " Sufferers " given in the previous section, appear 
in The First Publishers of the Truth in the account 
of the Westmorland meetings, which is fairly full. 

1 To be distinguished from Sir Geoffrey Shakerley, who was Governor 
of Chester Castle, and who was an active persecutor of the Quakri . 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 59 

They are not given here because this is restricted to 
Lancashire : 

Knowsley. 

The introduction of Quakerism into Knowsley and 
Huyton in 1654 is attributed to " Thomas Hulmes " 
of Kendal, the first to receive " him and others" 
being William Hatton of Knowsley, Mason, and 
Peter Laithwait of Huyton. About eleven months 
after this Benjamin Boult of Knowsley and Mary his 
wife were " convinced," and shortly afterwards James 
Fletcher then of Prescot. Boult became quite aggres 
sive in the interests of the new faith, going " to 
the Steeple house " at Huyton to question " the priest 
William Bell 2 concerning his doctrine " and after 
wards travelling to Bristol and other places. At 
Shrewsbury he was a prisoner for many weeks and 
died March 25th, 1661, shortly after being set at 
liberty. His widow became James Fletcher s wife, 
whose itinerant labours almost eclipsed those of Fox 
himself in the matter of extensiveness of area. James 
Fletcher died in his own house at Knowsley, March 
i6th, 1697. 

Marsden. 

" Ye message of glad tydings " was first brought to 
this place, which is near the Yorkshire border " in ye 
summer, 1653 " by William Dewsbury, Thomas Stubbs, 3 
and Christopher Taylor, Dewsbury and Taylor being 
from Yorkshire and Stubbs from Cumberland. 
Colne shared in their labours and Thomas Taylor, 

1 Thomas Holme was a weaver of Kendal. He laboured much in 
Cheshire and Wales. His wife, Elizabeth Leavens (vide, p. 44, note 2), 
was also a preacher and sufferer. 

William Bell, M.A., was at Elswick in 1649, and at Huyton in 1654. 
Calamy says that he was ejected here, but if so, he would seem to have 
returned, and he continued his labours until his death in 1683. 

* Thomas Stubbs, of Dalston in Cumberland, was an early convert. 
He had been a soldier, and was imprisoned with some others for dis 
turbing worship at Dean, in that county. He was an enthusiast for 
the new gospel, which he had accepted. 



60 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Christopher Taylor s brother is mentioned in connec 
tion with Colne as "an early labourer in ye gospel." 
James Smithson, Anne Wilkinson, James Wilkinson, 
Richard Hargreaves of Edge-end and Henry Robinson 
are said to have " first received those first messengers 
and their message." John Moore 1 of Foulridge and 
William Whalley of these parts are referred to as 
" faithful " labourers who " travelled through many 
parts of this nation in ye service of ye Lord." 

Rossendale. 

William Dewsbury and Thomas Stubbs are named 
as the first to introduce the message to this place. It 
is recorded that " no sufferings were inflicted on 
them but many gladly received them, yea, ye then 
priest of Rossendale, Thomas Sommerton, received 
them, & William Dewsbury had a large time of 
m mist ring in ye steeplehouse & afterwards ye priest 
confirmed by words ye Testimony delivered." The 
first to receive the message were Susan Heyworth, 
widow, and Mary Birtwisle, widow. To this district 
belongs Thomas Lorimer, who in his childhood " came 
Apprentice to Abraham Heyworth " [Haworth of Ros 
sendale] and was subsequently at John Fielden s of 
Hartley Royd. In 1669 he travelled in various Counties 
of England and even in Ireland, in the interests of the 
movement ; and died at Rossendale May 8, 1678. 

Oldham. 

The first to bring " ye glad-tydings " to Oldham 
were James Taylor, 2 Richard Roper, 3 John Braithwait 4 

1 John Moore lived at Ball House, now an old farm house, near 
Foulridge. 

1 Of James Taylor little is known. Along with Robert Widders he 
laboured considerably in the north of England and died about 1687. 

It is recorded that " Priest Bennet [Philip Bennett] of Cartmel, 
came out of an ale-house being in drink, with Richard Raper [Roper] 
and boasted that he beat him and struck up his heels." 

4 Possibly John Braithwaite, son of James Braithwaite of Newton. 
He travelled much in the interests of his faith, the sharer of those 
travels being Thomas Briggs. He died before 1681. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 61 

and Thomas Briggs, 1 four Furness men. At Oldham 
they were " haled out of ye steeple house yeard " by 
Tetlow, Churchwarden, " who thrust them over ye 
wall " ; and at Ashton - under - Lyne " Priest 
Harrison 2 gave Charge " that the people " should not 
Entertain them into their houses." The first that 
entertained the new preachers and their message were 
James Sykes 3 and Joshua Ogden. 

3. THE CONVENTICLE RETURNS OF 1669 

These " Returns " are in the Lambeth Library 
and the MS. was recently printed by the late Professor 
Turner in his monumental work Original Records of Early 
Nonconformity under Persecution and Indulgence. The 
following are taken from it. It will be noted that names 
of persons are not supplied, but in other respects the 
information is quite illuminating ; and, in particular, 
it gives some idea of the strength of Quakerism in the 
County at the time. 

(i) BLACKBURN DEANERY 
Haslingden. 

Quakers to the number of about 20. 

Burnley. 

Severall Meetings of Quakers. 

Rossendale. 
Quakers. 

(2) LEYLAND DEANERY 
Standish. 

Monthly meetings of Quakers, their number about 
40 or 50, and several other Conventicles. 

1 Thomas Briggs, possibly of Bolton-le-Sands and born about 1610. 
He travelled considerably in England and ^suffered much, dying about 
1685. 

2 John Harrison, B.A., was at Ashton from 1643 to 1662, being 
ejected by the Uniformity Act in the latter year. 

3 James Sykes was "at Lingards in Slaighwood, Almondsbury, Yorks," 
at the time of his decease in 1679. He was buried at Heyside. 



62 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

(3) MANCHESTER DEANERY 
Manchester. 

Frequent Conventicles of Nonconformists (which are 
the most numerous). Others of Anabaptists, Quakers. 
The persons are Tradesmen, and mostly women. 

Bury. 

Meetings of Quakers to a great number. Several! 
other Conventicles of Presbyterians, Independents, 
Dippers & such like, of the best ranke of the 
yeomanry. 

(4) WARRINGTON DEANERY 
North Meols. 

Several Quakers and Papists. 

Ormskirk. 

Some Convent, of Nonconf. Papists. Quakers. 

(5) KENDAL DEANERY 
Warton. 

Meeting of Quakers, about 40. 

Bolton-le-Sands. 

Meeting of Quakers to the number of 40, sometimes 
more. 

Burton (partly in Lancashire and partly in Westmorland). 
Quakers 50, sometimes more. 

(6) FURNESS DEANERY 
Hawkshead. 

Quakers meet in great numbers. 

Ulverston. 

Independents & Quakers. 

Cartmell. 

Quakers about 50 & some Anabaptists. 

Cartmell Fell Chapel. 
Quakers. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 63 

Aldingham. 

Some Quakers. 

Colton. 

Quakers. 

(7) LONSDALE DEANERY 
Tatham. 

Meeting of Quakers about 40 or upwards. 

Melling. 

Quakers to the number of 20 & upwards & Non 
conformists to the number of 16 & upwards. 

Thornton. 

Some few Quakers. 

Hey sham. 

Quakers about 40. 

(8) AMOUNDERNESS DEANERY 
Kirkham. 

There are 3 sorts of Conventicles within this parish ; 
one of Papists, the second of Quakers neere litle 
Eccleston ; the third of Phanaticks att Lund Chappell 
& att Heape Chap. 

4. CHURCH PAPERS 

The following from the Church Papers in the Registry 
Office, Chester, have been taken from MSS. kindly lent 
by Dr Farrer. They begin with 1665 and continue to 
1680. It should be noted that it is upon these returns 
in the various Dioceses that the Lambeth MS. printed 
in Professor Turner s book * is based. They are, however, 
considerably more full and illuminating than the Lambeth 
Returns. They include Presentments and other matters, 
and relate to Nonconformists and Papist Recusants as 
well as Quakers ; but they are printed here because it 

1 Vide p* 61. 



64 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

is not possible always to distinguish the one from the 
other and because the information is almost entirely new. 

1665 DEANERY OF LEYLAND 

Brindle. 

Against Ric. Blackburne & Dorothy his wife, 
Elizth. Standish & Alice Hawkshead, servant there, 
James Gerrard of Well & Alice his wife, & Thos. 
Garstang, Oliver Gerrard of Denham & his wife, 
Evan Gerrard & Jennet his wife, John Gerrard of 
Hoult, Tho. Gerrard & Lettice his wife, Hen. Gerrard 
& Jennet, his wife, Margaret wife of Oliver Gerrard of 
Clacke, Alice Gerrard wid., Elizth. Gerrard wid., Hen. 
Gerrard the younger & Margt. his wife [& others] 
Popish Recusants. 

Chorley. 

Against Thos. Gelibrand & Anne his wife, John 
Gelibrand gent., Elizth. Anderton, Will. Banister, 
Hugh Tootell & Margt. his wife, Anne Tootell, Emlyn 
Baldwyn [and others] Popish Recusants. 

Croston. 

Against Will Smart, Schoolmaster at Bretherton 
for non-appearance. He appd. & exhib. his lie. dated 
21 Aug. 1662. 

Against John Trafford Esq. & Anne his wife, 
Dorothy Ashton, wid., Ellen Bradshawe, Will Worsley, 
the younger, Margt. Worsley wid. John Crooke, 
Ellen w. of Will Hoghton, Elizth. Backhouse, wid. 
Nich. Atherton, Cuthbert Clifton & Isabella his wife 
Will Westhead & Anne his wife, Robt. Mawdsley & 
Ellen his wife, Thos. Backhouse, the wife of Robert 
Banister, the wife of Geoffrey Tarleton, Edward 
Bowker & Jennet his wife, Ric. Bowker the younger, 
Mary wife of Edward Bampford, Gilbert Lancaster & 
his wife, Henry Cuerden & Catherine his wife, [& 
others] Popish Recusants. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 65 

Against John Milner of Mawdesley, schoolmaster, 
for teaching a private school. 

Against Will Thompson of Rufford, for the same. 

Against James Forshawe of Tarlton for the same. 
He produced the Bishop s lie. dat. 29 Aug. 1662. 

Hoole. 

Against Margt. w. of John Wignall, Hen. Wallin & 
Ric. Parke, Popish Recusants. 

Penwortham. 
Nil. 
Mr Fleetwood, farmer. 

Rufford. 

Present. Wanting. 

Will. Thompson, schoolmaster. 

Standish. 

Against Gervase Winterbothom, schoolmaster for 
non-app. He appd. & produced his licence. 

Against Robt. Charnocke, usher. 

He appd. 

Against Hugh Marsen (?) for teaching school in a 
private house. 

Against Robert Charnocke & his wife, John Norris 
& his wife, Thomas Durham, James Houghton, John 
Charnocke, Will. Anderton, Esq. Thos. Worthington 
Esq., & his wife, Rog. Anderton, Mary Anderton, 
Grace Anderton, Elizth. Mather [& others] Recusants. 

[No Quakers] 

1669. 
Brindle. 

No unlawful meetings except of Papists who generally 

meet on Saboth dayes and other holly dayes at the 

house of Ellen Shay, spinster, and Ric. Ridley, Cowper. 

The gent, who reads masse & inhabites in the toune 

goes under the name of John Berkett. 






66 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Stand ish. 

There is a monthly meeting of Quakers at the house 
of Meakin [Heskin] Fell in Coppull : their number is 
about 40 or 50. 

The Curate certifies that he understands there are 
many other Conventicles in the parish. 



Nothing presented. 



Unreturned. 



Chorley. 
Penwortham. 

Croston. 

Eccleston. 

Leyland. 

Hook. 

Ritfford. 

Longton. 

1670. 
Chorley. 

Against John Gelibrand gent. Robt. Waring, John 
Tootell & Hugh Tootell, Popish Recusants. 

Much Hoole. 

Against Margt. Wignall, Richd. Parke, & Hen. 
Wilson, Popish Recusants. 

Penwortham. 

Against Hen. Pope & Jennet his wife, Alice wife of 
Richard Southorth, Will. Croston, Will Rushton [& 
others] Popish Recusants. 

Brindle. 

Against Ric. Blackburne gent. & his wife, Thos. 
Walmsley gent. & his wife, James Gerrard of Well & 
his wife, Popish Recusants. 

Against Evan Gerrard of Well the younger & his 
wife, John Gerrard of Breaworth & his wife, & Anne of 
their family, Elizth. wife of John Hulton, John Lievsley 
& John his son, Alice Gerrard, wid. Thomas Parr [and 
others] Popish Recusants. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 67 

Croston. 

Against John Trafford gent. & Anne his wife, Dorothy 
Ashton, wid. Alex. Hesketh gent. & Monica his wife, 
Margaret Worsley wid., Margt. w. of Nich. Atherton, 
Elizth. Stanfield. 

Against Hen. Yate, Anne Watkinson, wid., Dorothy 
Wignall, Richd. Tootill, Isabella Gandy, Rich. Wose 
& Anne his wife, Thos. Lea & Jane his wife, all of 
Rufford, Popish Recusants. 

Against Hen. Nelson mort. & Alice his wife, Rich. 
Nelson, Ralph Nelson, Thos. Nelson, Hen. Nelson, 
Robert Mawdsley & Ellen his wife, James Finche & 
Emlin his wife, Ric. Ayscough & Jane his wife, Alice 
Pemberton, Ellen Yate, Elizth. Yate, John Harsnep, 
Thomas Harsnep, Frances Harsnep [& others] all in 
Mawdsley Popish Recusants. 

Against Peter Lathom, Michael Pemberton, Humph. 
Traves & Cath. his wife, Gilbert Burscowe [& others] 
of Bispham, Popish Recusants. 

Against Edwd. Bowker & Jenet his wife, Ric. Bowker, 
Blanch Whalley, Jennet Blackhurst, Senior, Edwd. 
Bamford & Mary his wife, Elizth. Barrett, Ellen wife 
of Will. Johnson & Margt. wife of Ricd. Crosse, all of 
Bretherton, Popish Recusants. 

Against Rog. Ashton gent. Giles Chapman, gent., 
Will. Gray dell gent. & his wife, John Walmsley, Hugh 
Jump mort, Robt. Jumpe, Hen. Martlew, Gilbert 
Lancaster & his wife, Robt. Sayle & his wife, John 
Dobson & Alice his wife, all of Uleswalton, Popish 
Recusants. 

Against James Gandy, Senior, Henry Cuerdel & 
Catherine his wife, Margt. Whittle, wid., Ric. Leigh, 
John Jumpe & his wife, Jennet Parke, John Parke, 
Hen. Holme, Will. Colle & Anne his wife, Hen. Colle, 
Sarah Cance wid., Anne Walbanke, Spinster, all of 
Tarleton, Popish Recusants. 



68 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Ecckston. 

Against Mary Crane wid., Margt. Thompson Spinster, 
Thos. Sherburne, gent. & Mary his wife, Nich. Heskeyn 
& his wife, Will Croston & Margery his wife, Isabella 
Scarsbricke, Thos. Nelson, gent., Ric. Nelson gent., 
John Stopford & Jane his wife, Will Mawdsley & 
Margt. his wife, John Brindle, Alice Brindle, Robt. 
Brindle, [&. others] Popish Recusants. 

Leyland. 

Against Mrs (Magistra) Grace Bould, Margt. Werden 
& Elizth. Starkey of Leyland, for Recusancy. 

Against Mrs Susan Orrell, Will. Whitehead, John 
Hilton, Will. Bankes, Will Dickeson, & Elizth. Bolton, 
of Leyland for the same. 

Against Hugh Anderton gent., Will. Toot ell, Margt. 
Hodson wid., John Woodcocke, Will. Melling, Laur. 
Breres & Robt. Hodson all of Euxton for the same. 

Against Dorothy Whittle, Rog. Worsley, John 
Breres, Hen. Blackledge, Will. Farn worth, James 
Gerrart, Anne Simpson, wid., all of Wheelton, and 
Will. Eaton & Ric. Leekas of Winnell for the same. 

Against Will. Sharrocke & John Crichlowe of Clayton, 
Hugh Tootell of Whittle, & Thomas Woodcocke & 
Alice Jackson of Cuerden for the same. 

Standish. 

Against Will. Frith, labourer & Mary his wife, Jane 
wife of Robt. Johnson, Elizth. Mather & Elizth. Mather 
Spinsters all of Anderton for Popish Recusants. 

Against Jane Fisher, John Gatliffe, Margt. Houghton 
& Jane Pilkinton, all of Welsh- Whittle for the same. 

Against Tho. Worthington, Esq., mort. Alex. Cawsey, 
James Butler & Margt. his wife, Will. Mather & Thomas 
Fazakerley, all of Worthington, for the same. 

Against John Rigbye, Edward Woodward [blank] 
Standish, wid., Will. Hatton and his wife and Alice 
their daughter, Hugh Maddocke and Alex. Hatton, 
all in Standish, for being Quakers. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 69 

Against Tho. Worthington and Ellen his wife, 
Tho. Worthington and Mary his wife, Geoff. Pilkinton 
and his wife, Ric. Vaux and his wife for the same. 

Against Robt. Cumberbacke of Langtree & his wife, 
Popish Recusants. 

Against Rog. Pilkinton of Duxbury & his wife, Thos. 
Lickhouse & his wife of the same for the same. 

1671, 16 June. 

Croston. 

Against John Trafford gent. & Anne his wife, Alex. 
Hesketh & Monica his wife, Robt. Mawdsley & Ellen 
his wife, John Harsnep & Anne his wife, Hen. Finch, 
Mary Bamford, Gilbert Lancaster & his wife, Hen. 
Cuerdell & Catherine his wife [and others] Papists. 

Eccleston. 

Against Tho. Sherburne & Mary his wife, Ellen 
Pilkington wid. Will. Croston, Tho. Nelson gent. 
Ric. Nelson gent. Anne Mollyneux, wid. [and others] 
Popish Recusants. 

Penwortham. 

Against Will. Werden & Catherine his wife, Peter 
Werden & Jennet his wife, Alice wife of Ric. South- 
worth, Will. Rushton, gent. & his wife, Jane wife of 
Will. Bradshawe [and others] Popish Recusants. 

Standish. 

Against Tho. Worthington Esq. & his wife, Tho. 
Worthington & his wife, Alex. Duxbury & his wife, 
James Butler & Margt his wife, Will Frith of 
Charnocke Heath & his wife [and others] Popish 
Recusants. 

1680. 

20 Oct. 

Brindle. 

Against James Lievsay of Plesington, par. of Black- 
burne, Taylor, for disturbing ye Congregacon when ye 
Minister was preaching a funerall Sermon. 



70 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Chorky. 

Against Mrs. Catherine Kaley, Mr. Rich. Chorley & 
Catherine his wife, Mrs. Margt Chorley, Mr. Edward 
Tootell & Anne his wife, Hugh Tootell & Margt. his 
wife [& others] Popish Recusants. 

Eccleston. 

Against Hugh Dicconson Esq. Thos. Nelson gent. 
Ellen his wife, Elizabeth Halliwell wid. [& others] 
Popish Recusants. 

Against John Coventree a Quaker. 

Hoole. 

Against [5] Popish Recusants. 

Lcyland. 

Against Mrs. Dorothy Wesby, Mrs. Suzanna Orrell, 
Mrs. Margaret Crooke [& others] Popish Recusants. 

Euxton. 

Against Mr. Will Anderson & Mary his wife [blank] 
Anderton, wid. Mr. John Walmsley & his wife [& 
others] Popish Recusants. 

Whittle, Clayton 6- Cuerden. 

Against [19] Popish Recusants. 

Hoghton, Withnell 6- Wheelton. 

Against [15] Popish Recusants. 

Penwortham. 

Against [14] Popish Recusants. 

Standish. 

Against [n] Popish Recusants. 

Langtree. 

Against [14] Popish Recusants. 

Shevington. 

Against Mr. Woodward & his wife [and 9 others] 
Popish Recusants. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 71 

Welsh Whittle. 

Against [6] Popish Recusants. 

Adlington. 

Against [4] Popish Recusants. 

Coppull. 

Against Tho. Worthington Esq. & his wife Mary 
Worthington wid [and 10 others] Pop. Rec. 

Against John Haydock and his wife, Rog. Haydock, 
Alice Haydock, wid. Heskin Fell and his wife, Thomas 
Jarmond and Roger Bibbie, reputed Quakers. 

Worthington. 

Against Edwd. Stan dish & Frances his wife [& 3 
others] Pop. Recusants. 

Heath Charnock. 

Against [4] Pop. Recusants. 

Anderton. 

Against Jane wife of Will. Gregson, Will. Frith, and 
Mary his wife, and Thomas Hatton absentees from 
Church. 

Standish. 

Against Mrs. Anne Houghton [& 14 others] all of 
Charnock Richard, Popish Recusants. 

1669 DEANERY OF AMOUNDERNESS 

Kirkham Par. 

There are three sorts of Conventicles viz. Papists, 
Quakers and Phanaticall or mixt multitude. Of the 
Papists there are two Conventicles very visible at 
Westby-Hall rented by one Mr. Butler the supposed 
priest, whither resort some hundreds. Another at 
Moubricke where Mr. Hughson alias Whaley sojourneth 
with Mrs. West by and (as is more then said) officiates 
as priest there. 

At Mr. Gervas Clifton s of Plumpton (as is said) is 



72 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

set apart a place or Chappell for Romanists, but since 
Mr. Hughson s abode at Moubricke it s not soe much 
used. 

At Salwicke Hall (it s said) the Romanists out of 
Preston have their meetings. 

In Great Singleton they be generally Papists but 
have not their Conventicles soe fixed, but have two 
or three supposed Priests. 

There hath usually been a Conventicle of Quakers 
at one Brewers house in or near Litle Eccleston. 

Of the Phanaticall party there was a Conventicle 
at Lund Chappell on Sunday in last Lent Assizes by 
Mr. John Parr 1 and either for that or the like offence 
the next Sunday at Heapa Chappell (it s said) he is 
to answeare at the next assizes. 

There was another Conventicle held by one Hartley 
a Yorkshire man and lately a weaver and now an 
Antinomian speaker, he usurped the pulpit at 
Kirkham in the absence of the minister. He hath 
also held many Conventicles at Gousnargh, the vacancy 
of which Chappell gives the Nonconformists incourage- 
ment to meet there since the expiracon of the Act 
against Conventicles. 

The factions plead Indulgence because of the Indul 
gence of the Papists and their experience that Church 
wardens presentments are but laughed at. 

1677 DEANERY OF LONSDALE 

12 March 

Arkholme Par. Melting. 

Against Anthony Proctor, curate there, not licensed. 

He appeared & showed his lie. obtained from the Bp. 

3rd August last. Dismissed 2s. 6d. 

1 John Parr was a prominent Nonconformist minister. He laboured 
at Elswick, Danven, and Walton near Preston. In 1672 he obtain- -.1 
a licence to be a " Congregational teacher at Farington " and lias an 
honourable place in Calamy s list of worthies. He died about 1714, 
his will being proved in 1716. He appears to have been particularly 
active in his work during the period of persecution. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 73 

Burton in Lonsdale. 

Against Hen. Melling a Quaker. 

Caton. 

Against Robt. Croskell and Anne his wife, Laur. 
Lea, Margt. Dobson, Tho. Kendall, Thomasene 
Kendall, Anne Gibson, Jennet Gibson, Edwd. Wilson 
and Jane his wife, Mary Dincley, Anne Bland, Will. 
Croft and Dorothy his wife, Robt. Croft, Ellen Croft, 
Tho. Hind and Margt. his wife, Jane Fawchett, Anne 
Craven, Will. Stockdale and Anne his wife, Papists 
and Quakers. 

Against Margt. Dixon, a school dame unlicensed 
and a papist. 

Against John Dincley, schoolmaster for non-appear 
ance. Excom. issued. 

Claughton. 

Against Christr. Lawfeild & Elizth. his wife, Richard 
Lawfeild & Jane his wife, Will. Sweetlove & Mary 
his wife, Hen. Kellett & Margery his wife, Ralph 
Chatburne & Ellen his wife, Dorothy Foxcroft, Anne 
Thompson, Anne Kellett & Agnes Lawfeild, Papists. 

Gressingham \ 
Hornby j 

Melling. 

Against Josiah Morley, gent & Dorothy his wife, 
Ignotus Morley & Mary his wife [& others] Recusants. 

Against Marmaduke Wildman, pretended School 
master for teaching school, reading prayers and 
marrying being not in orders, nor licensed. 

Mr. Kay, 1 minister there asserted Wildman to be in 
Deacons Orders 2s. 6d. 

Thomas Kay, M.A., was educated at Oxford, being instituted to 
the living at Melling on Dec. 24th 1677. This he held until 1689. 



74 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Tatham. 

Against Mrs. Elizth. Causfeild, James Wallin, Margt. 
Towlnson, Papists. 

Against Joseph Ward, Anne Ward, Martin Wildman, 
John Wildman, James Wildman, Eliz. Wildman, 
John Prestley, mort., Margt his pretended wife, John 
Hodgson and Catherine his pretd. wife, Geo Hathorn- 
thwaite, Marmaduke Tatham and Frances his wife, 
Francis, Robert, James, John and Alice their children, 
Gregory Cockram, Ric. Fletcher and Margt his wife 
and Eh z. Brogdin, Quakers. 

Thornton. 

Against Cuthbert Parkinson & Dorothy his wife & 
Julian Morley, Papists. 

Against Geoffrey Wildman and Agnes his wife, 
Thomas Addison and Rebecca his wife, John Topham, 
Agnes Outhwaite, reputed Quakers. 

Against Edmund Foxcroft, schoolmaster for non- 
appearance. He appeared & submitted and is to 
obtain lie. before 1st August next. 

Tunstall. 

Against John Girlington Esq. & Margt. his wife, 
Magdalen Girlington, Cuthbert Girlington, Christiana 
Girlington, Mary Girlington [& others] Papists. 

Against Giles Moore and Elizabeth his wife, Edwd. 
Moore and John Croser, Quakers. 

Whittington. 

Against Thomas Cams, Esq., deceased & Mary his 
wife, George Cams his son, Thomas Brabin, gent. & 
Mary his wife [& others] Papists. 

1665 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN 

7th Dec. In Whalley Church before John Dwight and 
Philip Flanner, etc. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 75 

Burnley Cap. 

Against Richard Wilkinson of Brerecliffe for suffer 
ing Elizabeth Hartley to be buryed contrary to the 
lawes of the Church. 

He appeared and alleges that the said Hartley dyed 
at his house and was fetched away by a company of 
Quakers and yt he was not anything privie nor con 
senting to it, therefore dismissed 2s. 8d. 

Against John Smith of Hill quaker for suffering 
dead corps to be buryed in his land. 

Against Samuel Blakey, John Heap, William Heap 
and Joseph Cawthery for Quakers. 

Colne. 

17 Quakers. 

Clitheroe. 

9 Quakers. 

Darwen Cap. 

Adam Clegg curate there. 

Downham. 

Against James Whipp a Quaker for having private 
Quaker meetings in his house. 

Harwood Magna. 
3 Recusants. 

Haslingden. 
3 Quakers. 
[Mr. Kippax l clc. minister there.] 

Lowe Church als. Walton-in-le-Dale. 
Vacat Capella. 

1 John Kippax, M.A., was educated at Cambridge and appointed to 
Haslingden in 1658. Calamy gives him in his list of Ejected Ministers 
under Newchurch and Rossendale. If that is correct, he evidently 
conformed in 1662, when he was ordained priest; in 1665 he was 
licensed to preach at Haslingden. He was incumbent until his death in 
1679, being buried at Colne on Dec. 2yth of that year. 



76 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Newchurch in Rossendale. 

Abraham Haworth and Rich. Radcliffe for Quakers. 

Alt ham. 

Against Ric. Walmesley Esq. & his wife, Edwd. 
Clayton, Ric. Grimshawe of Clayton Esq. & his wife 
& Catherine Wade of Altham for Recusants. 

Accrington. 

Present, wanting. 

Blackburn. 

Against Charles Sagar, 1 Schoolmaster there, Non 
conformist, for not appearing. 

Against Tho. Walmesley, usher, likewise. He pro 
duced his lie. & was dismissed is. 4d. 

Against Tho. Licas of Lower Darwin, Will. Fair- 
barrowe of Livesey & Anne Rawcliffe of Billington, 
Popish Recusants. 

Colne. 

Against Ric. Hargreaves, John Hargreaves, Ralph 
Farebrother, John Browne, John Hartley, Peter 
Hartley, James Hartley, Rog. Hartley, John Sager, 
Stephen Sager, Ric. Hargreaves, John Greenwood, 
Mary Greenwood, Tho. Barcroft, Ellen Bolton, Ellen 
Pollard, & Hen. Robinson, for Quakers. 

Against Hen. Walker for not frequenting the 
Church. 

Church Kirk. 

Against Matthew Tootell & his wife, Ralph Rishton, 
senior, & his wife, Ralph Rishton, junior, & his wife, 
Mary wife of Christr. Hindle of Aspden, Tho. Burtwisle 

1 Charles Sagar was born at Burnley in 1636 and appointed to the 
mastership of the Blackburn Grammar School in 1656. His Non 
conformity led to his withdrawal from this position, and he suffered 
imprisonment for the same as did many of his brethren. In 1072 he 
took out a preaching license and eventually became Pastor of the 
Nonconformist Church at Darwen. He died there at the age of 61 years 
on Fcby. I3th, 1698. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 77 

of Huncote, gent. & his wife & Tho. Baley & his wife 
for Recusants or not coming to Divine Service. 

Against James Kershawe & Mary wife of Rog. 
Ryley for not coming to Divine Service. 

Against John Digby of Huncoate & John Read of 
Churchtowne for teaching schools without license. 
Read asserted that he never taught school in all his 
life, only his wife sometimes doth teach 3 or 4. Dis 
missed. 

Clitheroe. 

Against Matthew Anderton, Stephen Anderton, 
gent. Helen Janian & Will. Banester for Recusants. 

Against Nich. Dugdale & Margt his wife, James 
Paitfield and Anne his wife, Hen. Standen, senior, 
and his wife, Stephen Lorimer, Ellen Leigh, and Anne 
Driver for Quakers. 

Downham. 

Against James Whipp and Mary his wife, Eliz. 
Croxdale of their family and Margt wife of Robt. 
Bullocke for not coming to Divine Service on Sundays 
and Holy Days and standing excommunicate. 

Against Ric. Wilson, schoolmaster. 

Great Harwood. 
Vacant. 

Against John Fielding, schoolmaster, for non-app. 
Against John Cunliffe & Isabella his wife, & Hen. 
Blackburne, Popish Recusants. 

Haslingden. 

Against Hen. Hargreaves, Agnes Robinson, and 
Catherine Dowe, all of Haslingden for Quakers. 

Lowe Church als. Walton-in-le-Dale. 

Against Geo. Taylor, schoolmaster, not lied. He 
appeared & produced his lie. Dismissed. 

Against Edwd. Walmsley & his wife & servants, 
Will. Osbaldston & his wife & servants, Thomas Balden 



78 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

& his sister, Jane Winstanley, Will. Banke his 
servants, Isabella Banke, Leon. Walmsley & his wife, 
John Darwen, Tho. Banester, Evan Darwen, Edmund 
Catterall & his wife, John Banke, Peter Gerrard, 
Matthew Singleton & his wife, Geo. Banister, Thomas 
Anderton, the wife of Thomas Darwin, the wife of 
George Critchley, Anne Blakeburne [and others] 
Papists. 

Against Thos. Stanley, gent, and all his family, 
Ric. Cowpe & his wife, Geo. Blakoe [blank] Bruen 
wid. & her son, Will. Dowson, Robt. Blakoe & his 
wife & John Smith & his wife, all of Cuerdale, Papists. 

Newchurch in Rossendale. 

Against Agnes wife of John Whitakers for a Papist. 
Against Charles Haworth, schoolmaster, He exhib. 
his lie. & was dismissed. 

Newchurch in Pendle. 

Vacat Capella. 

Against Ranulph Holker, mort. & Mary Higgin, 
Popish Recusants. 

Against John Nutter, senior, John Bullcocke & Mary 
Higgin for teaching school without licence. Nutter & 
Bulcocke dismissed. 

Padiham. 

Against Rog. Barton, schoolmaster. He appd. & 
showed his lie. Dismissed. 

Samlesbury Chapel. 
Nil. 

Whalley. 

Against Alice Alston, wid., Anne w. of John Crouchley, 
Robert Walmsley, Hen. Corver & his family, Peter 
Winstanlowe & his wife, Robt. Valiant & Ellen Gregson, 
wid. all of Whalley for Recusants ; and Christopher 
West of the same, a Quaker, all standing Excom 
municate. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 79 

Against Frances La we, wid. Tho. Alston & Margaret 
his wife, Cecily Walsh, wid. Henry Walsh, Elizth. 
Walsh & Catherine Walsh, all of Wiswell, Popish 
Recusants & excom. 

Against Edwd. Sherburne, Catherine Sherburne, 
wid. & Tho. Dugdale for the same. 

Against Cornelius Townley & his wife, George 
Ingham, mort. & Elizth. his wife, Laurence Wilkinson 
& Anne his wife, John Radcliffe, Elizth. Coulthurst, 
Christopher Frame, William Frame & Jennet Frame 
for standing excom. 

1669. 
Blackburn. 

They present Mr Thomas Jollye, 1 Mr Samuell Newton, 2 
Mr Astley, 3 Mr Parr 4 (all non-conformist ministers) for 
preaching at Conventicles at diverse Chappells in this 
parish especially at Darwen Chappell. Mr Randle 
Sharpies of Blackburn at whose house it s supposed 
there was a Conventicle July 25th. Mr Charles Sagar 
late schoolmaster there. 

Mr Lawrence Hayworth of Berdwood and many 
others. 

Sixe Nonconformist Ministers have used to preach 
at Darwin Chappell by turnes every Sunday, and 
sometimes at some other Chappells in the parish. 



C lithe foe 
Samlesbury 
Newchurch in Pendle 

Walton in le Dale 
Harwood 
Colne 
Padiham 



Nothing presented. 



1 Vide p. 204. a Ejected minister of Rivington. 

3 Richard Astley was ejected from Blackrod and subsequently 
appears at Hull. 

4 Vide p. 72. 



8o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Church Kirk. 

A meeting sometimes of Independants at a house 
in this parish to the number of about thirtie of the 
ordinary sort of people. 

Haslingden. 

Quakers to the number of about 20 frequently meet 
at a house or two in the parish. 

Burnley. 

There have been severall meetings of Quakers at 
John Hardman s house in Habersham-Eaves. 

A It ham. 

They present Abraham Haworth, John Waddington, 
Matthew Taylor, Widow Harwood, Ric. Ellison and 
Kath. wife of Robt. Waide for Independant Con- 
venticlers. 

Ric. Walmsley, Esq., Ric. Grimshaw, Esq., & Ric. 
Cottom for Popish Recusants. 

Whalley. 

There are Conventicles kept in the houses of John 
Crombocke gent, a frequent meeting house, Will Seller 
an officer in the late Parliament Army, Widow 
Halstead s, Ric. Lawsons, John Hayes. The persons 
preaching are Mr Thomas Jolly and Mr Newton, and 
the frequenters are Jane wife of John Crombocke gent., 
Priscilla wife of James Catterall gent, and others. 

Rossendale. 

Ric. Radcliffe and Abraham Haworth, Quakers, 
keep Conventicles in their houses. 

Downham & Pendle. 
Unreturned. 

1670. 
May 17. 
Burnley. 

Against Mr John Hargreaves, pretended clerk for 
preacliing at Holmes Chappell and at Goodshaw 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 81 

Chapell without Licence, 10 Nov. 1670. Hargreaves 
appeared & produced his discharge for a similar fault 
at the Metropolitan Visitation lately held, dated 6 July 
1670, and stated that since that time he never preached 
nor read prayers in publique and promised never to 
offend again in the like. Therefore dismissed. 

[Later.] This Act is vacant because he refused to 
take an oath & admitted that about 6 July aforesaid 
he publicly preached in Haslingden Chapel. 10 Nov. 
he confessed that before this presentmt. he did preach 
and read prayers in several places. 

Downham. 

Against James Whip of Twiston for not bringing 
his wife and Childe to be buryed at the Chappell but 
burying them in the feild. 

Rossendale. 

Against Henry Ramsbotham for coueringe his head 
in time of devine service. 

Against Christofer Bridge and Robt. Winterbothom 
for playing at football in time of divine service. 23 Aug. 
1672 before Mr Clayton, Surrogate, the parties appeared 
per Mr Kippax, Minister there and were absolved and 
dismissed with a caution. 45. 

Against Thomas Saunder, clerk, minister there for 
not administering the holly Communion soe often as 
he ought, but he saith he was at London upon 
the Churche account. He appeared and promised 
to be diligent in the execution of his office in future 
so dismissed with a warning, is. Sd. 

Against Richard Radcliffe for hedgeing in a parcell 
of land to bury dead corps in and diverse have been 
interr d there. 

1670. 
17 May 
Burnley. 

Against John Smith and his wife, James Smithson 
and his wife, Joseph Cawthrey Robert Atkinson and 



82 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

his wife, Mary wife of Edmund Wilkinson, Jennet \\iiV 
of John Savage, Jane Clayton, John Hardman and 
Robt. Whittaker for new Recusants. 

Colne. 

Against Ralph Farbrother, Joseph Driver, John 
Hargreaves, Ric. Hargreaves, Mary Hargreaves, wid. 
John Sagar, Stephen Sagar, and Rog. Hartley as 
new Recusants, or for not coming to Church at all. 
20 June 1672. On petition of James Hargreaves, 
Minister there, the said Fairbrother has been pardoned 
and dismissed. 5s. 

Against Christr. Hargreaves & James Hartley for 
teaching school without license. Hargreaves produced 
his lie. dat. 8 May 1669. 2s. 6d. 

Downham. 

Against James Whipp for keeping monthly Con 
venticles. 

Against Will. Bulcocke and Elizth. his wife and 
John Hoyle being professed Quakers. 

Against James \Vhipp and Mary Crosdale, Quakers 
for standing excom. and him for having a Conventicle 
in his house. 

Against Margt. wife of Robert Bulcocke for not 
coming to Church of sixe months. 

Pendle alias Newchurch. 

Against John Greenwood of Old Lawnd and Mary 
his wife for new Recusants and not receiving the 
Sacrament. 

Clitheroe. 

Against Stephen Anderton, gent., Ellen wife of Will. 
Frankland, Edward Rogerson & Mary his wife, Popish 
Recusants. 

Against James Patefield and Anne his wife, Rich. 
Dugdale & Margt. his wife, Ellen Lee and Anne Driver 
spinsters for being Quakers. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 83 

Whalley. 

Against John Crombocke for keeping a meeting 
house for private Conventicles 

Mr Gey, vie. there certified Crombocke to be non 
compos mentis and he is therefore dismissed. 

Against Will. Sellers in Pendle, John Hay in Padiham, 
Catherine Halstead, wid. and Ric. Lawson in Hopton 
for the same. 

Catherine Halstead pardoned. 

A It ham. 

Against Ric. Walmsley Esq. & his wife, Ric. 
Grimshay Esq. & his wife, & Catherine wife of Robt. 
Wade, Popish Recusants. 

Blackburn. 

Against Tho. Livesay of Upper Darwin for having 
a child baptized by a nonconformist at Darwin Chapel. 

Mr Clayton, the minister, promised to examine the 
manner of the christening. 

Burnley. 

Against Geo. Crouchley & his wife, Bridget Pollard, 
wid. Anne Booth, wid. William Tarlton, & Elizth. 
his wife, Agnes Birtwistle, James Hargreaves, Ric. 
Townley of Townley Esq., John Townley, Charles 
Townley, Geo. Kilshawe, Jennet Sagar, wid. James 
Roberts & Grace his wife, Edwd. Watson, & Jennet his 
wife, Popish Recusants. 

Against Robt. Whittaker of Heby, John Hardman, 
John Smith of Briercliffe and his wife, James Smithson, 
Jennet wife of John Swaine, Mary wife of Edwd. 
Wilkinson, as new Recusants. 

Colne. 

Against John Sutcliffe, schoolmaster, not licensed. 
He afterwards obtained license and was dismissed. 

Church Kirk. 

Against Tho. Birtwisle of Hu[n]cote & Margt. his 
wife & Theodosia their daughter, Joseph Birtwisle 



84 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

& his wife, Elizabeth wife of Matthew Tootell of 
Church, Ralph Rishton of Oswaldtwisle & his wife, 
Jennet Rishton wid. & Elizth. his dau. Mary wife of 
Christopher Kindle & Ellen wife of Will Broughton, 
all of Oswaldtwisle for Popish Recusants. 

Great Harwood. 

Against John Cunliffe & Isabella his wife, Robt. 
Squier, Will Mercer of Tanhouse, James Brown, 
junior, & Ralph Hall son of Adam Hall of Bankes for 
Popish Recusants. 

Lowe Church. 

Against Tho. Walton, gent. & his wife, Will 
Osbaldston, gent., John Jackson, Leonard Walmsley, 
& his wife, Geo. Cowpe & his wife & Tho. Shawe 
Popish Recusants. 

Padiham. 

Against Will. Shawe & Mary his wife & Tho. Tarlton 
Junr. Popish Recusants. 

Pendlc. 

Against John Greenwood and Mary his wife for 

Quakers. 

Against Isabella wife of Edwd. Hargreaves for an 
old Recusant. 

Rossendale. 

Against Ric. Ratcliffe and Alice his wife and James 
his son, Abraham Hayworth and Isabella his wife for 
Quakers and having private Conventicles in their 
houses. 

Against Agnes Whittakers for an old Recusant. 

Whalley. 

Against Anne Crouchley, wid. Ellen Gregson, wid. 
Ellen Welbie, Robt. Valiant and Anne Haworth for 
old Recusants. 

Against Mrs Catherine Sherburne, wd. Anne Parrye, 
Edward Sherburne, gent., Robt. Dugdale, Tho. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 85 

Dugdale, Tho. Alston & Margt. his wife, Grace 
Parkinson, Frances Lawe, wid. Mary Heaton, Hen. 
Walsh, Catherine Walsh, Margt. Blackburne, Laur. 
Wilkinson & Anne his wife, Christopher Freyn & 
Bridget Ainsworth, Popish Recusants. 

Whitwell Chapel in the forest of Bowland and par. of 
Whalley. 
Nil. 

1671 

June 16. 

Blackburn. 

Against John Forrest, John Farn worth and Ellis 
Edge all of Blackburne for prophaneinge the Saboth 
by playing at Pennypricke as is reported [ultimately 
dismissed]. 

Burnley. 

Against John Kenion, clerk, curate not exhibiting. 
Obtained Licence. 

Against Robt. Robinson, schoolmaster not exhibit 
ing. Obtained Licence. 

Church Kirk. 

Against Jenet Rishton, widow, Elizabeth Rishton, 
Ralph Rishton and his wife and the wife of Christopher 
Hindle and Elizabeth Brought on, widow, for non- 
communicants. 

Against Thomas Birtwistle and his wife, Joseph 
Birtwistle and his wife and Theodore Birtwistle for 
not coming to the prayers of the Church. 

Against John Read, Parish Clerk and Robert Holden, 
Schoolmaster, for non-appearance. Read appeared 
later, etc. 

Clitheroe. 

2 Papists. 

Against Nicholas Dugdale and Margaret his wife, 
Anne Patefield, widow, Ellen Lee, spinster, and Joan 
Barrow, spinster, for Quakers. 



86 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Colne. 

Against Margaret Faulkner, a simple woman for 
bearing a bastard child, but knows not the father 
of it. 

Against Richard Mitchell for burying his child in 
a field. 

Against Lawrence Townley, schoolmaster, not 
licensed. Later Mr Hargreaves, minister, certifies that 
he does not teach. 2s. 6d. 

Against the same and John Sutcliffe and Christopher 
Hargreaves other schoolmasters for not appearing. 
Mr French certified as to Sutcliffe s licence, dismissed. 
Same of Hargreaves. 

Downham. 

Against James Whip [? of Twiston] Elizabeth 
Crosdall, William Bulcocke and Elizabeth his wife. 
Quakers. 

Harwood. 

6 Papists. 

Against Thomas Ingham [later obiit] schoolmaster 
not licensed. 

Haslingden. 

Against John Grime and his wife, John Haworth, 
Henry Birtwistle and his wife, Anne Hey, Ellis 
Scholfield and his wife, for Non-communicants. 

Against Henry Hargreaves and his wife, Amias[?] 
Robinson and Catherine Doe for not coming to divine 
service. 

Newchnrch in Pendle. 

Nil. 

Against John More, schoolmaster at Greenhead for 
non-appearance. [Later.] Exhibited. 

Padiham. 

5 Papists. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 87 

Newchurch in Rossendale. 

Against Edward Spencer, Thim. Hargreaves and the 
rest of the wardens there, for that the pulpit stands 
both low and darke and the minister desires that it 
may be removed to another pillar or sett higher. 
[Ordered to do it. Done.] 

Against Richard Radcliffe for haveinge a Conven 
ticle in his house. 

Against Agnes Whitaker for a Papist. 

Against Richard Radcliffe, James Radcliffe, 
Abraham Heyworth and Isabel his wife and Mary 
Lord for Quakers. 

Against James Whittaker and Grace his wife, it s 
said to be her fault she lives in Burnley, for living 
asunder. 

Against the aforesaid Richard Radcliffe for hedging 
a piece of ground to bury in and severall have been 
buryed there. 

Samlesbury. 

Against Christopher Duckworth for a Quaker. 3 
Papists. 

Walton-le-Dale als. Lowe Church. 

9 Papists. 

Against William Farrington of Werden for not paying 
his Church lay being 43. 2d. He appeared and alleged 
that the ground and thing that he is presented for 
is part of the demense of Walton which was purchased 
from Sr. Rich. Houghton s Ancestors about fiftie years 
agoe and that the whole demesne was never ...[?] 
assessed ... & so by right he ought not to pay, so 
he was dismissed by right nevertheless he promised 
that if Sr. Rich, or any others concerned did hereafter 
pay he will. 2s. 6d. 

Against Hugh Diconson, Esq., 6s., and William 
Osbaldston, 135. 6d. for the same. On the which day 
Mr Dicconson the same as Mr Farrington 2s. 6d. Also 



88 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Mr Osbaldeston the same who appeared by James 
Scott of Wigan, 2s. 6d. 

Against Wm. Banks 2d. and Robert Catherall 6d. 
for the same. 

Against Richard Pollard schoolmaster for non ap 
pearance. [Later.] Licenced. 

Whalley. 

24 Papists. 

Against Christopher West for a Quaker. 

Against Barnard Dawson and Alice his wife for 
being unlawfully married but by whom is not knowne. 
23 Aug. 1672. Dawson appeared before Mr Clayton, 
Surrogate, and offered to prove that they were marryed 
by one Mr Harrop, who said he was a minister in his 
house in Ribchester Parish above 2 years agoe. And 
submitted, etc., to do penance before the vicar & 
wardens of said Parish Church. 

Against Edw. Starkey of Padiham for not paying 
his Church dues, I5d. 

Altham. 

Against Ric. Walmesley, gent. Ric. Grimshaw, gent. 
Catherine wife of Robt. Wade, Papists. 

Clitheroe. 

Against Edw. Rogerson & Mary his wife. Popish 
Recusants. 

Great Harwood. 

Against Robt. Squire, gent. John Cunliffe & Isabella 
his wife, James Browne, junr., Will. Mercer of Tan- 
house & Ralph Hall, junr. Papists. 

Padiham. 

Against Will. Shawe & Mary his wife & Tho. Tarlton 
junr., Popish Recusants. 

Walton-le-Dale. 

Against Tho. Walton, gent. Will. Osbaldston, John 
Woodcocke, senior & junior, John Jackson, Thomas 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 89 

Shawe, Leo. Walmesley, Thomas Aynscough & Grace 
Thorpe, spinster, for Popish Recusants. 

Whalley. 

Against Edw. Sherburne, Catherine Sherburne, wid. 
John Radcliffe & his wife [and others] Papists. 



1680 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN 

21 Oct. 

Clitheroe 

Against Ellen wife of William Frankland, Mary 
wife of Roger Kitching & Mary Rogerson, wid. 
Papists. 

Against John Fish and Margaret his wife, Ric. 
Cowborne and Ellen his wife, Charles Leigh, Ellen 
Leigh, spinster, Joan Barrowe, spinster, Anne Patefeild, 
wid. and Margt. Dugdale, wid. Quakers. 

Downham. 

Nothing but what was formerly. 

Padiham. 
Do. 

Haslingden 
Lowe Church 
Pendle \ NlL 

Whalley 

Rossendale. 

Against James Ratcliffe and Alice Ratcliffe, 
Quakers, for not paying their Church lays for repaire 
of the bells and other affaires of the Church. 

Samlesbury. 

Against Will. Sherocke, James Sudell and Ellen 
Turner wid., Papists, and Christopher Duckworth, 
Quaker, and for not paying his Ch. lay. 
ii May 1681, the said Turner dismissed. 



90 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Altham 6- Accrington. 

Against Mrs Mary Walmsley, wid. Mr Ric. Grim- 
shaw & his wife, Mr Will. Money, Mr Will. Norcrosse, 
Alex. Browne & his wife & Geo. Beesley, Popish 
Recusants. 

Church Kirk. 

Against Joseph Birtwisle & Will. Yates of Hun- 
coate, Nich. Hordas of Church, Ralph Rushton, senior 
& Elizth. his wife, Ralph Rishton, junr. Elizth. & 
Jennet Rishton, Suzanne Rishton, Lucy Rishton, 
Popish Recusants. 

Harwood. 

Against John Peacock, Margt. wife of Will. Kindle, 
Jennet wife of Andrew Wilkinson, Mary wife of Cuthbert 
Woodcock, Geo. Beasley & Jane his wife, James 
Monke & Jane his wife all of Rishton. Popish Recusants. 

Against Will. Marcer of Tanrowe, Alex Baron & 
Anne his wife & Anne his daughter & Anne Mollington, 
all of Rushton, Popish Recusants. 

Haslingden. 

Against Hen. Cooke, Hen. Ramsbothom, John 
Cowpe, Hen. Hargreaves and Anne his wife, Abrah. 
Fish and Alice his wife, George Haworth and Ellen 
his wife, Anne Dobson, Hen. Birtwistle and Anne 
his wife [blank] Robinson, wid. John Haworth, 
John Grime, and Anne his wife, Ric. Feelden and 
Anne his wife, Ellis Scolefield and Alice his wife, 
Quakers. 

Padiham. 

Against Matthew Houlgate a Quaker. 

Tho. Tarlton, junr. Popish Recusant. 

Rossendale. 

Against Mr Joshua Nuttall, Tho. Mills & others, 
churchwardens for that two bells are bur . 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 91 

Whalley. 

Against Robert Valiant & Anne Haworth, Popish 
Recusants. 
Against Christopher West, Schismatic. 

Wiswell. 

Against Tho. Olstan & Margt. his wife, John Olst an, 
Grace Parkinson, Mary Wilson, Mary Heaton & Mary 
Hidgin, Popish Recusants. 

Hapton. 

Against Timothy Harrison & Theodosia his wife, 
Thomas Birtwisle, Tho. Story & Anne his wife, 
Jennet Fraine wid., Christr. Fraine & Will Fraine, 
Popish Recusants. 

Burnley. 

Against Laurence Roberts a Quaker, Mr Hargreaves 
appeared and submitted & sought letters of absolution, 
whereby the judge (dns) decreed, etc., and to certify 
of conformity, etc. 

[Presentments for deaneries of Amounderness & 
Lonsdale wanting.] 

1665 DEANERY OF WARRINGTON 

Upholland. 

Against Tho. Penington and family, Ric. Billinge, 
Will. Chaddocke, Ric. Leigh, Nich. Taylor & Ellenor 
Crosse, wid., Thomas Mullineux, Alex. Leigh, Will. 
Prescott, James Whalley (mort), James Fairhurst, 
Alex. Naylor, Geo. Barton, & his wife, & children, for 
Papists. 

Against John Barton schoolmr. for non-appearance. 

Winwick. 

Against Ellen Gorsage wid. Margt. Gorsage, Spinster, 
Margt. wife of John Rydyard & Jane Bradshawe all 
in Newton, papists, recusants. 

Against Tho. Culcheth of Culcheth Esq., & Anne 
his wife, Edward Holland, Ann Royle, wid., Thos. 



92 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Unsworth & Margt. his wife, Ralph Anderson & Mary 
his wife, John Masser & Isabella his wife, Catherine 
Higginson wid. Anne Guest wid., Ric. Speakman & 
Jane his wife, Hen. Lowton & Margt. his wife, Ric. 
Unsworth & Catherine his wife, all of Culcheth, 
recusants. 

Against Edwd. Burtchell & Margt. his wife, Christr. 
Guest & Cath. his wife, and their children of Culcheth, 
recusants. 

Against Jane Bate, wid., James Bate, husbn. Alice 
Bate, spinster, Robt. Speakman, and Margt. his wife, 
Robt. Guest & Elizth. his wife, Robt. Unsworth & 
Cath. his wife, all of Culcheth, recusants. 

Against Hen. Oxford & Anne his wife, Will Cooke, 
Ellen Barker, Alice Thelwall & Anne & Jane her 
daughters, & Hen. Taylor, all of Winwick & Hulme, 
recusants. 

Against Thurstan Arrowsmith & his wife, Ralph Kea, 
Will. Arrowsmith, Ric. Booth, labourer, Ric. Kerfutt 
& his wife, all of Croft, recusants. 

Against Ric. Liptrott & his wife & children, Thos. 
Keighley, Peter Keighley, Ralph Thompson, & his 
wife, John Peterson & his son & daughters [blank] 
Raphson, wid. John Grimshawe & his wife, Ralph 
Croft & his wife, Alice Bate, spinster, John Thomasson 
& his wife, Hugh Wright, Geo. Croft & his wife Ralph 
Croft & his wife, Elizth. Bate, spinster, all of Golborne, 
recusants. 

Against Elizth. Corlesse of Haydocke, wid. recusant. 

Against John Kay & his wife [blank] Corlesse, wid., 
John Unsworth & his wife, Hen. Unsworth & his wife, 
George Twisse & his wife & son, all of Lowton, 
recusants. 

Against Hen. Johnson & his wife, Peter Holcroft & 
his sister, Gilbert Unsworth & his wife & son, Robert 
Tickle & his wife & son & Robt. Kenyon of Lowton, 
recusants. 

Against [blank] Richardson, wid., John Richardson, 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 93 

James Richardson, Ellen Perpoint, spinster, Hen. 
Richardson his wife, Matthew Richardson, Rog. 
Twisse & his wife, Hen. Hardman & his wife, all of 
Kennyon, recusants. 

Against Sir Will. Gerrard, Knt., Will Gerrard, Esq. & 
his wife & Cuthbert Clifton, all of Garswood, recusants. 

Against Nich. Reynolds, gent. Edward Unsworth 
& his wife, Ric. Ashton & his wife, James Lowe & his 
wife, Alice Unsworth, wid., Hen. Chaddocke, Robt. 
Mosse & his wife & John Chaddocke of Garswood, 
recusants. 

Against Robt. Slynhead & his wife, Humph. Naylor 
& his wife, Tho. Workington, gent. & his wife & 
Christr. Bate of Ashton, recusants. 

Against Catherine Bibby, wid. of Ashton, for not 
coming to Church. 

Against Hen. Richardson & his wife, Ric. Twisse 
& his wife, Hugh Orrell, James Thomason & his wife, 
Elizth. Potter, wid., Thos. Jameson & his wife, Anne 
Sixsmith, spinster, Will. Knowles, miller, the wife of 
James Winstanley of Ashton, recusants. 

Against Hen. Knowles & his wife, Anne Gerrard, 
spinster & Walter Harris & his wife of Ashton, recusants. 

Against Tho. Harrison, John Rosbothom & his wife, 
of Ashton, recusants. 

Against Margaret Taylor, wid., Oliver Potter, shoe 
maker, & his wife of Ashton, recusants. 

Against Tho. Winstanley & Ellen Ashton of Ashton, 
wid., recusants. 

Against Anne Ashton, spinster, Ellen Piercy, wid., 
George Massey & his mother of Ashton, recusants. 

Wigan. 

Against John Gerrard & Richd. Molineux, school 
master. R. Molineux produced his lie. and is dismissed. 

Against Nich. Mather & his wife, Margt. w. of Rog. 
Culcheth, Ralph Leigh & his wife, Hugh Platt & his 
wife, Mary Ashton, Alex. Leigh & his wife, Edmd. 



94 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Fairehurst, Alex. Naylor, James Whalley, Ric. Haslome, 
Tho. Roberts, Tho. Naylor, James Faireclough, 
Elizth. Martincroft, Anne Mason, Ric. Rylands & his 
wife, Margt. Holme, Edwd. Winstanley, Ralph Scott 
& his wife, & Cuthbert Scott & his wife, for refusing 
Communion with the Church of England. 

Against Tho. Butler, Ellen his wife, Tho. Irlande, 
Robert Frances, Robert Ford, John Ince, Philip 
Langton, Miles Gerrard & his wife, Jane wife of Henry 
Southworth, Edward Strickland, Alice Strickland, 
George Mather, Ellen Fazakerley wid. James 
Fazakerley & his wife, Margt. Fazakerley, Mary 
Heskitt, Elizth. Anderton, Hen. Gerrard, Humph. 
Atherton, Ellen Nightingale, Ric. Rylands & his wife, 
James Orrell & his wife, James Anderton, Alex. Leigh 
& his wife, Jane wife of Robt. Holland, Oliver Crosse, 
Hugh Crosse, Will. Tipping, Oliver Tipping, Will 
Finch, Ric. Holland & Anne his wife, Mary Holland, 
Elizth. the wife of Tho. Crosse [and others] Papist 
Recusants. 

1668. 

Billinge Chapel. 
Deest. 

Wigan. 

Nothing presented this year, save what is also 
presented in 1670. 

Billinge. 
Deest. 
They presented with Wigan. 

Upholland. 
Deest. 
Presented with Wigan. 

Wigan. 

Against John Bould of Wigan, gent., for a common 
swearer, 10 Dec. 1670. Compt. per Magram Bridgeman 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 95 

rex dui decani Cestr. ac. absolutus est et hab. ad. 
certified de eius reformacoe in px. 2s. 6d. 

1669. 

Winwick. 

Against John Norman of Winwicke for saying that 
the Church of England is not a true Church and that 
the worship therein is odious to God and hatefull to 
man. 

Henry Kenion, John Bate of Croft Heath, John 
Gleave, Oliver Taylor of Holcroft hall [and others] 
presented for entertaining dangerous and [torn] 
numerous unlawfull Assemblies and Conventicles in 
their houses. 

Wigan. 

4 Oct. 1669. Certify that they have nothing to 
present. 

1670. 

Upholland. 

Against Ric. Leigh, Thomas Pinnington, Catherine 
w. of Thomas Hey of Hallgreen, John Molineux, 
Nich. Taylor, Alex. Barker of Dalton, Oliver Crosse, 
Will. Topping of the same, & Oliver Topping of the 
same for Recusants & not coming to Church. 

Wigan. 

Against Margt. Cowley for delving in a garden upon 
the Saboth day. 

Against Sir Rog. Bradshawe [blank] Leigh of Lyme, 
Esq. & [blank] Gerrard, for that the severall Chancells 
belonging to them are in decay. 

Against Hen. Shuttleworth & Eliza his wife, Margt. 
wife of Gilbert Leigh, Will. Farnworth, Alice Forde, 
Robert Frame, Edward Rigbye & Rebecca his wife, 
Ellen wife of Tho. Ireland, Margaret Rylands, wid. 
Anne Ashawe, Rog. Culcheth & his wife, James 
Fazakerley & his wife, Henry Gerrard, gent. & Margt. 
his wife, Abraham Langton, gent. & his wife, Philip 



96 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Langton, gent. & his wife, John Rylands, James 
Orrell & his wife, Thos. Glasebrooke & Alice his wife, 
John Billinge, Miles Gerrard & his wife [and others] 
for Recusants & absentees from Church. 

Against Ralph Pemberton, Alice Pemberton, Peter 
Bradley and his wife, Margt. Bore, James Gregory and 
his wife, Geo. Bradshawe and his wife and Hen. Wm- 
stanley for Quakers. 

Winwick. 

Against Sir Will. Gerrard, Knt. Will. Gerrard, Esq., 
Tho. Worthington, Tho. Harrison, Tho. Winstanley, 
Oliver Potter, Ellen Ashton, Hen. Harrison, Margt. 
Taylor, Ric. Gerrard, Esq. & Tho. Culcheth, Esq., 
for Popish Recusants. 

Against John Norman, Henry Kenion, James Lowe, 
Edmund Winstanley, Robt. Rosbothom, Ellen Lowe, 
\vid., John Robinson, Tho. Cowper, Alice Morris, wid., 
Geo. Clayton, & his wife and Thomas Winterbothom 
and his wife for Conventiclers and disaffected to the 
Church of England. 

Against James Bate of Croft Eyves, John Bate, 
James Pilling, Richd. BirchaU and James Bate of 
Croftheath for the same. 

Against Geoffrey Flitcroft for a Quaker. 

1671. 

June 9. 

Wigan. 

Against Tho. Leigh, Esq. & Tho. Aldersey, Esq., 
exors of the will of Sir Amos Meridith, deed., who 
was exor of the will of Gertrude Hall, relict & exix. of 
the will of Geo. Hall, late Bp. of Chester & last rect 
& inct. of this church for that the flore of the Chancell 
is broken & out of order. 

Against Edwd. Rigby & Rebecca his wife, Ellen 
wife of Thomas Ireland, Margt. Rylands, James 
Anderton, Esq. & his wife, Ric. Rylands & his wife, 
Ellen Atherton, Humph. Atherton & his wife, Tho. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 97 

Glasebrooke & his wife, Alice Molyneux, wid., Roger 
Culcheth & Margt. his wife, Jane Talbot, wid. Tho. 
Pennington & his wife [and others] Popish Recusants. 

Against James Gregory and Alice his wife, Mary 
Bradley, Hen. Winstanley, and Geo. Bradshaw, 
Quakers. 

Against Will. Vaux, schoolmaster at Haigh for not 
showing his licence. 

Winwick. 

Against Geoffrey Flitcroft of Culcheth for a Quaker. 
Against James Bate & Tho. Bate of Culcheth, 
Popish Recusants. 

l68o WARRINGTON DEANERY 

19 Oct. 
Billinge. 

Nil. 

Upholland. 
Nil. 

Winwick. 
Nil. 

Wigan. 

Deest. 

l68o LEYLAND DEANERY 

20 Oct. 

Chorley. 

Against Mr John Tootell, Joseph Nicholas & Alice 
his wife. Papists. 

Eccleston. 

Against Margt. Stafford, Winifurt Tunstall, Margt. 
Barton, Margt. Taylor & Nicholas Wainwright, Popish 
Recusants. 

Penwortham. 

Against Alice Spencer, wid., Lambert Coward, mort. 
G 



98 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Alice wife of James Livesley & Jane wife of Thomas 
Bickerstaffe, Papists. 

Standish. 

Against Jane Whalell, wid., of Langtree, WiU. 
Hoghton, Esq., Ellen Hoghton, wid. & Cicely Hoghton 
[& 12 others] of Charnocke Richard, Papists. 

1680 DEANERY OF WARRINGTON 

15 17 May. 

Upholland. 

Against Will. Melling of Holland, Henry Hurst and 
Alex. Hatton of Orrell for Christening their children 
contrary to ye Canons of ye Church of England. 

19 Oct. Melling appeared and made oath that in the 
time of Mr Brown the late minister s weakness, he 
being unable to doe & none else being there to christen 
it, he got it baptized by Mr Bradshawe l of Rainford 
(whom he belives to be a lawfull minister) who did 
it with water in the name of the father, of the sonn, 

and of the holy ghost. And that his said childe is 
since dead. He submitted and promised reforma 
tion, wherefore he is dismissed, 2s. 6d. 

Wigan. 

Against Mrs Mary Ashton, Mr Christopher Anderton 
& his wife, Will Standish, Esq. & his wife, Mr Thomas 
Gerrard & his wife, Mr Tho. Ince, Mrs Margt. Ince, 
Dorothy, Anne, Ellen & Elizth. Ince, Philip Langton, 
Esq., Cuthbert Rylands & his wife [and others], 
Popish Recusants. 

Winwick. 

Against Sir WiU. Gerard, Knt. WiU. Gerard, Esq. 
Thomas Hesketh & his wife [and others] Popish Recu 
sants. 

Against Thomas HoUand and his wife, Anabaptists. 

1 Tames Bradshaw was ejected from Hindley. He subsequently 
became the minister of Rainford Chapel. He died in 1702 through 
an accident to his leg, which befell him when riding to a distant preaching 
place. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 99 

Garswood Division. 

Against Cuthbert Gerard, gent. Will. Gerard, Esq. 
and his wife [and others] for absenting from Church. 

1669 DEANERY OF MANCHESTER 

Returns since August 2ist. 

Manchester. 

Nonconformists preach every Lord s day at the 
Chapels of Denton, Gorton, and Birch and have great 
numbers of hearers. 

Bury. 

On Sunday ist Aug. the steeple doore at Eden- 
feild Chappell was broken, and the Chappell doores 
opened, and one Rootes, 1 junr. was found preaching 
there to a great number of people, the Chappell warden 
desired to see his orders, but being denyed he would 
have made up the Chappell doores to have hindered 
his preaching in the afternoone, but hee was oposed by 
the people. 

On Sunday 25 July a great number of Quakers met 
at John Ashton s house in Bury where for a long 
time they have had their meetings monthly. 

There are severall other meetings and Conventicles 
constantly kept at private houses of Independants, 
presbiterians, dippers and such like joyntly of the 
best ranke, of the yeomanry and of other inferiours. 

Eccles. 

Nothing is presd. 

Prestwich. 

Severall Conventicles or unlawful assemblies at the 
houses of James Pilkinton, John Hopewood and others. 
The last of these meetings was on the I2th April 
last. 

1 Timothy Rootc, son of Henry Rootc. He was ejected from Sowerby 
Bridge in Yorkshire. He was born at Gorton, near Manchester, and 
frequently visited Lancashire to preach, suffering considerably in 
consequence. 



ioo QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Middleton. 

It is commonly reported that at Cockey Chappell 
there have been of late times diverse unconformable 
ministers who frequently have preached there. 

Oldham. 

Meetings of Quakers to the number of 20 or 30 at 
the houses of Isaacke Wild and Susan Boydall. 

There is an open and constant meeting at Shaw 
Chappell of Nonconformists who resort thither in 
considerable numbers and have forced the Chappell 
doores open when by order of the Rector and Church 
wardens of Prestwich they were locked up and they 
continue still to preach there. And being prevented 
one Lord s day in June last by the Curate of Oldham 
after evening service they assembled themselves in 
Royton Hall and there held -a Conventicle. 

Dean. 

There are n hamlets in this Parish and for several 
years last past in every hamlet there have been weekly 
two, three or more meetings to the number of 30 or 
40 and sometimes two or three nonconformist ministers 
at one of their meetings. 

There was a Conventicle at Horridge Chappell for 
which the Ringleaders are prosecuted against. 

Rochdale. 

There hath been ordinarily every week or fortnight 
at furthest a conventicle within the parish consisting 
of such persons as usually go to Shaw Chappell where 
they hear some nonconformist and bring him home 
with them. 

Todmorden Chapel. \ 

Butterworth. - Nothing presented. 

Macclts field. 

Saddleworth. 

There was a Conventicle of about 9 of the Pres- 
biterian perswasion at the house of Giles Shaw, and 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 101 

another of 7 at James Haslegreaves house for their 
ranke husbandmen or Clothmakers. 

1669. 
Didsbury. 

Some persons out of this Chappelry doe resort to 
Birch Chappell, where (as its inform d) certaine non 
conformists doe preach every Lds. Day. 

Also several inhabitants of Chorlton Chapelry and 
Stretford resort to the Conventicle at Birch Chapel. 



[ Nothing presented. 



Flixton. 
Salford. 

Unreturned. 



Denton. 
Gorton. 
Birch. 



10 June 1671. 
Blackrod par. Bolton. 

Against Geo. Jannion & Elizth. his wife, Will Norres 
& Juliana his wife, John Cowpland & Ellen his wife 
[and others] Papists. 

Bury. 

Against Thomas Sale for a Quaker. 

Dean. 

Against John Hulton Adam Hulton, Mary Green, 
Elizabeth Pendlebury, Elizth. Chetham, Ellen Parr, 
Anne Rigby, Ellenor Hurst, Nich. Cunliffe & his wife, 
all in Westhoughton. 

Against Isabella Seddon, Frances Seddon, Ann 
Seddon, John Crooke, Tho. Marsh & his wife all in 
Rumworth, Papists. 

Against Will. Anderton, Reginald Seddon & his 
wife & Elizabeth Dalton, all in Horrich, Papists. 

Denton Cap. 
Deest. 



102 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Eccles. 

Against Will Grundy, Humph. Trafford, Adam 
Grundy Robt. Hey, gent. Penelope his wife, Ric. 
Atherton, James Atherton, John Atherton, Elizth. 
Urmston [& others] Papists. 

EHenbrook. 

Against Will Grundy & Adam Grundy, Papists. 

Manchester. 

Against Sir Cecil Trafford, Knt., Edmd. Trafford Esq., 
Thomas Barlowe Esq., Ric. Pennington Esq., & his 
wife [& others] Popish Recusants. 

Oldham. 

Against John Ogden, schoolmaster, for non-appear 
ance. He appd. & was warned to obtain lie. 2s. 6d. 
24 Nov., 1671. Produced his lie. dated 23 Nov. 

Stretford Chapel. 

Against John Royle, schoolmaster, for non-appear 
ance. He appd. & was warned to obtain lie. 2s. 6d. 

1699 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN 

Newchurch in Pendle. 

Against Hen. Sagar, Will. Sagar, and Ellen his wife, 
John Baldwyn and Bridget his wife, and Jonah 
Chapman, Quakers. 

DEANERY OF LEYLAND 

[Nothing of interest.] 

DEANERY OF WARRINGTON 

Wigan. 

[Nothing of interest.] 

Winwick. 

Nil. 

[No presentments for the other Lanes. Deaneries.] 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 103 

5. RECORDS OF THE QUARTER SESSIONS 

THESE MSS. are in the Sessions House, Preston. They 
were arranged and indexed a few years ago by Dr Veitch 
of Liverpool University, and are most valuable because 
of the light which they throw upon the state of Non 
conformity during the period with which they are con 
cerned. What follows must not in any way be regarded 
as exhaustive. 

(i) SESSIONS ORDER BOOKS 
October, 1660. 

Whereas Henry ffoster of Ormskirk, Thos. Crosby 
of the same, George Nye of Lideate, John Underwood 
of the same, Roger Litherbarrowe of the same, Richard 
Johnson of Lunt, John Wetherly of the same, Peter 
Westhead of Aughton, John Smalshawe of Great 
Crosbie, Jeremie Lyon of Raineforth, John Bispham 
of the same, Isack Ashton of Skelmsden, Henry 
Markland of Windle, Peter Leadbeater of Biccurstaffe 
and Godfrey Atherton of the same were all of them 
apprehended within Biccurstafe for there unlawfull 
meetings & were comitted at the last Sessions of peace 
here holden in Jany last and that William Turner 
gente undersheriffe of the County despended the some 
of ten pounds in conveying of them to the said Goale 
yt is therefore ordered by the Court that the Constables 
of the aforesaid townes of Ormskerk, Lideate, Lunt, 
Aughton, Great Crosby, Raineforth, Skelmsdall, 
Windle & Bicurstaffe shall sevally furthwith having a 
Copie hereof delivred to them Collect levy and gather 
of the goods of the above menconed psons residing 
within these townes the some of twelve shillings & 
six pence a piece and for want of such goods of any 
of the said psons then the said Constables of Biccurstaffe 
are to levy the same upon the said Inhabitants of 
Biccurstaffe where they were apphended and make 
undelayed paymt thereof unto the said Undersheriffe 
And it is further ordered that the psent high Constable 



104 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

shall sign receipt hereof and send forth Copies hereof 
to the sevall pettie Constables above menconed without 
delay. And yt the pettie Constables refuse pform- 
ance of this order then upon complaint made to any 
Justice &c. 

1661. qua. Cho. Benson of Ulverston, John Holme 
of same, James Chambers, Gleaston, Thomas Wilson 
of Dalton refused in open Court to take the oath of 
obedience being the first tyme. Committed untill 
next Ss. 

Robte Widder of over Kellet, Robte drinkea of 
Side garth, Edm. Comeing of Mosse Side, Tho. 
Drothwaite of Capernwrea William Stilton of same, 
Thos. Beckbeane and John Beckbane of Gunerthwaite 
James Lancaster of Northscale, Thos. Hutton of 
Rampside, Tho. Goad of Berkbury & Robert Briggs 
of Holm mere haveing the oath of obedience tendrede 
in open Court and refuse all of them to take the same. 

7 October, 1684. 

Reed, then by me Jonathan Seed (Undr Sherrife of 
Lancashire) from Sr. Robert Bindlos, Barrt. one of 
his Majtis Justices of the peace by the hands of Roger 
Moore Esq., another of his Majtis Justices of the peace 
the sume of nine pounds ten shillings being the Kings 
third parte of the sume of xxviiili. xs. imposed upon 
William Huggonson & others for a Conventicle held at 
the house of Robert Wither in ovr Kellet the xxxist of 
August last. I say reed, nine pounds & ten shillings. 
By me 

Jonath Seed. 

Eod. Die. 

Reed, then from Roger Kirkby & William Kirkby, 
Esq., two of his Majtis Justices of ye Peace by ye 
hands of Mr George Taylor one of the High Constables 
of Lonsdale Hundred in the County above written the 
sume of Vijli Viijs Vijd being the King s third pte of 
the sume of XXijli Vs Xid being in pte of sevall fines 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 105 

imposed upon George Braithwate & others for being 
at 3 sevall Conventicles one at the house of George 
Satterthwat, the second of December last and the 
other two at the house of Margaret fell, widow, the 
i8th. of November & the 30th. of December last. 
I say reed. 

Vijli-Viiijs-Vijd 
By me 

Jonan. Seed. 
14. Oct. 1684. 

Reed then from Sr. Richard Atherton Knt. one of 
his Majtis Justices of the peace the sume of six pounds 
& thirteene shillings & foure pence being the King s 
third parte of a fine imposed upon Charles Holland of 
Hawkley yeoman for preaching or teaching in a Con 
venticle held at the house of Thomas Holland of 
Southworth the Vij day of September last. 
By me 

Jonan. Seed 

Sub. vie. Com. Lane. 

Jan. 15, 1685-6. 

Reed. In the open Sessions at Preston the sume of 
five pounds sixtiene shillings and six pence being the 
King s third part of seventiene pounds nyne shillings 
and six pence levyed in pte of moneys forfeited upon 
a Conviccon of a Conventicle agt Townson Will. 
Tomlinson and othrs at Rawcliffe and elsewhere 
within the County of Lancr. menconed in a Record 
thereof made and certifyed under the hand & seale of 
Ralph Longworth Esq. one of his Majtis Justices of 
peace. 

p. Robt. pigot sub. vie. 

Xiiij July 1686. 

Reed then in ye open Sessions at Lancr. the sume of 
fower pounds ten shillings ten pence halfe penny being 
the King s third parte of moneys forfeited by & levyed 
of Geo. Braithwaite & othrs for an unlawful Con- 



io6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

venticle held at ye house of Geo. Satterthwaite of 
Skinnerhow in ye parish of Hawkshead ye seacond of 
December 1685 according to a Record thereof made 
the seaventh of December 1685 by Roger Kirkby & 
Wm. Kirkby Esqrs two of his Majtis Justices of ye 
peace & a memorial this day brt into Court the sume 
of one pound eleven shillings two pence halfe peny 
being the King s third parte for Moneys levyd & reed 
of offendrs at two unlawful Conventicles, the one 
Conventicle at ye house of Edward Robinson, the 
Seacond of September 1685, according to a record 
thereof made the ninth of October 1685 by ye sd. 
Roger Kirkby & Wm Kirkby Esqrs And the other 
Conventicle at ye house of Mrs Margt Fell, 1 wid. at 
Swarthmore upon the twenty first of September 1684, 
according to a Record thereof made ye sd ninth day 
of October 1684 by ye said Wm. Kirkby Esq. whereof 
a memorial was also now delivered into Court 
By me 

Thos. Winckley Sub. vie. 

(2) PETITIONS 
1661. 

To they Justices in Comission for ye peace of this 
County and now in this towne of Lane, or to any others 
whom this may concerne to read & mynde wth ye 
Spirit of meeknes 
Sheweth 

That wee they Subscribers wth others our fellow 
prisoners were by order from some of you (or yor 

1 It is curious that Margaret Fells s marriage with George Fox never 
seems to have been properly recognised in these northern parts. In 
these documents she is repeatedly referred to as Margaret Fell and 
even called a " widow." She protests strongly against the injustice 
done to her by this, and it is not quite clear why her second marriage 
was not recognised. The position in relation to Quaker marriages was 
somewhat obscure ; and it may be that the little time that Fox was 
able to live with her at Swarthmore because of his mission contributed 
to this. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 107 

fellow Justices of ye peace) apprehended & sent to 
prison where we have Innocently and patiently Suffered 
bonds for ye space of 14 weekes (& some more) this 
Winter Season, although nothing can Justly bee laid 
to our Charge as matter of fact Deserveing such an 
Imprisonment both to the prejudice of our health, 
ye mine of our Estates and ye expence of our tyme 
in a separation from our wives, Children & families & 
from our labour in our Lawfull Callings in ye Creation, 
whereby wee might be in a capacity to help others 
& not be burthensome to any, being (as you well know) 
husbandmen & tradesmen upon whose Diligence & 
Dayly labour ye Subsistance of our families as to ye 
outward Consists, the neglect whereof may in all 
likelyhood Impoverish them & us ; & so bring an 
Unnecessary Charge & burthen upon others, wch if 
it should bee incurred upon this accounte & by this 
Imprisonmt could not be laid to ye Charge of the 
oppressed, whose sufferings is but upon Suspition & 
not for any actuale transgression but only for Con 
science sake, and not for any wrong Injurie or offence, 
either Intended or Acted agt any pson or power ap- 
poynted of God for the punishmt of Evill Doers & 
for the praise of them yt doe well for unto such our 
Soules are Subject for Conscience Sake, & wee Desire 
nothing from you but yt wee may live quietly & 
peaceably in our owne houses, Eate our own bread 
& follow our owne Callings in the feare of god, for the 
good of all ; & to mete together to serve & worpp our 
God according as hee requireth of us. And if you 
will not Grant theise things unto us, then shall wee 
lye downe in the peace of our God & patiently Suffer 
under you, as we have done under all powers whom 
ye lord God by his owne power hath overturned (& 
Remember you are in his hand) & if you trouble & 
afflict us for soe Doing then will the Lord our God 
trouble & afflict you (mynd yt) they are ye words of 
truth to you 2 Thess. i. 6. 7. Now you knowing yt 



io8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

our Comittmt was only upon Suspition & nothing can 
Justly bee laid to our Charge worthy of these our 
bonds, we therefore put you in mynde hereby to 
consider of our present condition & Compare it with 
ye cause & Do unto us as you would bee Dealt with 
in Case of Conscience ; and as you are ministers of 
ye law Looke into ye pfect law of liberty (wch saith) 
whatsoever you would yt men should Doe unto you 
&c. (Undoe ye heavie burdens & lett ye oppressed 
Goe free) for ye lord require it of you to Do justly & 
to love Mercy & wee Doe Expect from you Justice 
Equity our right & priviledge to labour in our 
lawfull callings yt as becometh Saints wee may serve 
our God & as Subjects wee may serve our King & 
Countrie in all just requireings & this wee leave to 
yor Consideration expecting to receive some Answere 
from you tending to ye enlargmt of us who are prisoners 

Subscribed in ye behalfe 
of our Selves & ye 
rest of our fellow 

Lancr. Castle prisoners who are 

the I4th of ye in number above 50 

nth moth who suffers upon 

1661 this accounte 

Chr. Bessbrowne Robt. Pennington 

Robert Widder William Baynes 

Thomas Atkinson Thomas Hodgson 
&c. 

Friends, 

Wee whose names are Subscribed being peaceably 
mett together in the feare of the Lord upon ye i8th 
day of the nth month called January 1661 within 
the Towne of Biccurstath were not suffered to Stay 
peaceably together but were haled out by Souldiers 
and taken prisonrs to Ormskcrkc. And from thence 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 109 

to Weegan Sessions where wee were brought before 
you upon the 20th of the sayd moneth and there by 
you were Comitted to the Sheriffe s Custody to be 
sent to the Gaole at Lancr. only because wee could 
not Sweare for Conscience Sake and Soe according 
to yor Ordr wee were sent to the sayd Gaole and there 
detayned untill the Assizes Att wch tyme (no man 
having any thing to lay to our Charge) the Judge Sett 
us at liberty. Since which tyme The Sheriffe (having 
informed you of some moneys by him desburst in 
Sending us to prison) hath obtayned yor Ordr for the 
Collecting of the Summe of ten pounds upon our goods 
for his charges and accordingly by vertue of yor ordr 
Warrants are sent forth by the high Constable for the 
Speedy leavyinge of the same And thereupon Sevall 
Constables have distreyned and some have taken 
the vallue of fower pounds & three pounds at a house. 
Now wee being Sensible of the uniustness of these or 
[our] Sufferings And that wee have not in any wyse 
made breach of any iust law of this Nation but were 
taken (as afforsayd) before the King s proclamation 
came forth for the breaking of or meetings And also 
the King having given ordr for the releasing of us 
without any fees or othr dutyes whatsoever And 
Knowing it to bee yor place and in yor power to Ad 
minister Justice betwixt man & man being Sworne 
thereunto without partiallity. It was in or hearts 
to lay these things before you That soe you may 
take these or innocent Sufferings into yor Serious 
Considracon and may not bring iudgmt upon yor 
owne heads by afflicting and making a prey upon the 
innocent who have no helper in the earth. And 
wee know yt if yu Grant or requests & relieve us 
herin yu shall have peace & comfort in it from ye 
Lord. 

And if the Sheriffe may lawfully have Charges wee 
desire that hee would make it manifest what his 
Charges was ffor we iudge it was but about 325 which 



no QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

he desburst hyring eight men to goe wth us to Lancr 
which wee went in two dayes 

Isaac Ashton Henry ffauster 

Godfrey Atharton Thos. Crosbie 

Peeter Leadbeater Rich. Johnson 1 

in behalfe of the 

rest. 

ffor ye Justices att ye 
Sessions at Weegan 

these. D. D. 



Quakers taken at Lancaster 

John Borley of Lancaster 
In the Robert Deys of Lancaster 
Court John Walker of Morside 
& Thomas Hinde of Littledale 

deny d. William Hanes of Wersdale 

Henery Townson of Wirsdale 

Quakers sent by Coronell Kerby 

the 2ist of September 1661. 
Thomas Atkinson of Cartmell 
Thomas Barrow of Cartmell 
Richard fell of Cartmell 
John fell of Cartmell 
Richard Simpson the same 
Lawrence Nowton the same 
Philipe Brathwaite the same. 
William Peill the same 

Robert Pennington of Saterthwat 

William Saterthwat of Cowless (?) 

George Benson of Stangend 

Thomas Docker of Clophell 

Michael Wilson of Langdale in Westmorland 

1 Richard Johnson was born at Lunt about 1630, and later lived at 
Ormskirk. In the exercise of his ministry he travelled both in England 
and Ireland. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS in 

Quakers taken and delivered 
by the Constable of Yelland 
the 8th of October 1661. 
Robert Wither of Kellett 
Robert Hubersam of Yelland 
Thomas Chorley of Carnforth 
Chrestopher Besbrowne of Arnside 
John Boakbarne of Gunnerthwte 
James Hutton of Warton 
Thomas Leaper of Caponbarrow 
Thomas Dauther of the same 
John Basbrowne of Arnside 

All were demaunded to take the oath & refused & 
Comitted to next Sesss. 

Names of ye Quakers taken in Bickerstaffe 
Henry ffoster Ormske 
George Pie Lidiate 
Richard Johnson Lunt 
Peter Westhead Augton 
Peter Leadbetter Bickerstaffe 
John Smalshawe Great Crosbie 
John Underwood Lidiate 
Jeremie Lyon Penforth 
John Ashton Liverpoole 
Roger Litherbarrowe Lidiate 
Godfrey Atherton fitz Oliver 
Isacke Ashton Celemsdill 
Thomas Crosbye Orke 
John Bispham Penforth 
John Wither Sonske 
Henry Markland Windle 
Humphrey Sephton ) . 

Edmd. Sephton } m Rainford Division (?) 
Thos. Baines 
Maddocker at Chester 
Thomas Atherton fitz minor Olvr 
[The names of some of the places in this document are 
almost indecipherable.] 



H2 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1663. 

October 

The Constables of Over Celot doe present Robert 
Widder and his wife Jane his son Thomas Widder l and 
Margaret Hadwen, Sibell Beckben, Margret Leeches, 
Thomas Leaper and his wife Margret and his daughter 
Easter Leaper Robert Stout and his wife Eyllis, Thomas 
Come and his wife, Elizabeth, John Douthat and his 
wife Jannet, Robert Widder the son of Robert Widder, 
they come not to the Church not within this six week 
to hear the book of Comon prear red 



Presentmts made by the Constables of Cockerham 

Tho. Brerley j Vacabonds wipt and 
George Spencer I flockt by the said Constables 
Alice Causer f Root Greenall 
Ellen Simpson j Robt Deyes 

John ffowler and 
Ellen his wife & 
John dicckson 



for not heareing 
divine Service 
for a Month. 



quakers 



I present ffor not Cominge to the Morning prayer 

Mr. Roger Sorawe 2 
hugh Towers of meanfeld for the like 
henery Jackson of Couthwhat nooke for the like 
Joseph Towers for the like 
Joseph Railing, Cholmaster for the like 

Theis being presented to the Comisery before for the 
like. 

1 Thomas Widders was the son of Robert Widders. He lived at 
Yealand, and along with several others in 1678 he wrote a testimony 
against the payment of " Tythe and Steeplehouse Lays." 

Roger Sawrey, vide p. 20, note x. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 113 

A true presentment of the quakers of Aldingham 
tounship 

Thomas Curwen Thomas Goad 

Richard Ashburner Thomas ffell 

Thomas borwicke Richard myres 

Richard ffell Richard park 

Wilyam Hampson James Chambers 

Richard Eldaton (?) John Chambers 

Wydow Simondson 
[The writing in this document is extremely bad.] 

Within Leese Towneship 

Wee present John Gooade 1 for not cominge to ye Church 

A note of the Quakers in Ulverston 

John Taylor Thomas Benson 

Edward Cowper John Holme 

William Holme Robert Briggs 

Thos. Wilson Robt. Salthouse 2 

William Salthouse 2 

Given by us 
Henry Townson 
Henry Newton 
Constables there 



The names of the quakers within the Constablewick of 
Hauxhead. 

Samuell Sands 

Gyles Walker 

Thomas Pennington 

George Satterthtt. Chrestopher Rigg 

James Braithwt. Constable. 

Richard Walker 

George Benson. 

1 The Goads were one of the oldest Furness families. John Goad, 
possibly the one here mentioned, was born in 1626. A person of that 
name who belonged to Gleaston died in 1709. 

* Representatives of another old Furness family. Three brothers 
are mentioned, Robert, William, and Thomas. Robert is said to have 
paid many visits to Ireland and the Isle of Man in the interests of his 
religious faith. 
H 



ii4 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

The names of quakers within Const able wicke of 
Dalton. 

James Lancaster 

William Hathornthaite 

William Strickland 

Nicholas Birket William Tyson 

George ffell Constable. 

Thomas Hutton 

Leonard Addison 

Thomas Parke. 

Constable of Kerbie, 

John Kerbie 
in Kerbie, John Postellwhaite 

psentmts by the Constables of Cartmell vizt such as 
come not to Church otherwise caled quakers. 
Thomas Atkinson Michael Peell 

Lawrence Newton John Barrow, de ayside 

Thomas Barrow Richard ffell 

Tho. Atkinson Richard Britton 

James Taylor John Barrow, Mosse side 

Chrestopher ffell John ffell 

Richard Simpson. 

I Tho. Askew 
Tho. Borwicke 
Henrie Wilson 

Presentmts by the Constables of Satterthwaite and 
Coulton of all such as come not to Church. 
Robert Pennington James Rigg 

John Braithwaite George Braithwaite 

Will Crane George Braithwaite 

Edw. Satterthwaite George Holme 

Edw. Rigg George Braithwaite 

Will Satterthwaite James ffell 

John Satterthwaite 

James Knipe } Constablcs . 

John Stamton J 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 115 

1664 (April). 
To the Justices of the peace met together in Sessions 

att Lancaster 
peace be unto you 

The humble relation of Thomas Davenporte & James 
Brown prisoners in the Castle of Lancaster 

Wee having friends who were prisoners in this place, 
were moved in love to Com from our owne houses (in 
Cheshire) to visit them & Espetially one who was Sick 
for a long time who is now dead and buryed & after 
wee had Scene them here went farther to Swarthmore 
to see other of our friends alsoe & lodging there alnighte 
there being a meeting the other day, a Justis of the 
peace Came in & wee being strangers were Comited 
into the hands of the Constables of Ulverston the i8th 
of the loth month called December & by them kept nere 
three dayes & after wee were sent to prison. 

Now so it was that at the Last Quartercestions wee 
were Called & because wee Cold not for Conscience 
Sake Sweare were Comitted the Second time to the 
Assizes & then wee laid our Conditions (as it is here 
mentioned) before Judge Twisden, who then said it 
was Concluded that wee most be Continued till the 
next Sessions & now wee lay the same before you, wee 
having Continued prissoners these 17 weeks. I 
Thomas Davenporte being an old man having beene 
Sicke & weake for a great part of this time, having an 
old weake woman to my wife some years Elder then 
myselfe & a daughter who hath had the Convultion 
fitts more then 12 yeares & for severall weeks in the 
yeare quite louseth her understanding & at the best 
hath very little, the tenemt I have under the Lady 
Kilmory being put into the hands of Trusties for 21 
yeares for the paymt of my Debts & wee only live 
on the rack so that tho I am an old man yet doth the 
livlyhood of my familly (outwordly) depend on my 
libertie James Browne a husband man, who was 
a Soldyer for ye King both in Ireland & England & at 



n6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

the Namptwitch in the field was left for dead, who then 
received many wonds, being now a broken man, this 
was laid before the Judg & part of it was laid before 
two of the Justices after the Cestions last & one of them 
said why did you not tell us this before & now wee 
lay this before you all, which is nothing but the very 
truth & leave it to you that ye may Consider of it in 
the wisdon of god, for our release (wee having beene 
so long prisoners) which thing wee know will be 
acceptable in the sight of god & man & yor reward 
from the lord you will not lose : 

ffrom us who are prisoners 

in this Castle for 

Consceince Sake, do wish 

Grace mercye & Eternall 

Salivation to yor Soules 

1 These for the Justices att the Quartercestions now 
siting at Lancaster, which are som of the Greevances 
& aflictions & sufferings of the people called Quakers 
which is Contrary to Law Equitie & Justis that is 
Inflicted upon them by some of yor officers in the 
Contry which is no honour to Justis nor you which our 
desire is that you may doe Justis & see that Justis be 
done & that you may Limit & stop such officers as acte 
Contrary to Law Justis & Equitie & this will bee to 
yor honour : 

i. Thomas Harison of Car house neare Garstm 
Market toune, had a Cow taken from him about the 
beginning of ye nth month last by henry Corran 
Baylive for two Wapontack rents (?) which was one 
shilling the Cow was well worth two pounds fiftme 
Shillings & the Churchwardens so called took a Charne 

i This document appears in the Cambridge Edition of Fox s Journal 
(vide p 28, note i). It is here printed as I copied it from the Sessions 
Records Evidently the writer or writers retained a copy besides the 
one sent to the Court of Sessions. It will be noted that there are great 
differences in the spellings, but, as repeatedly pointed out in this 
matter, there was no uniformity in those days. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 117 

from the foresd Thomas Harison the I4th of ye second 
month for one Shilling Eight pence which was worth 
fower shillings and torned nothing againe, so for two 
shillings Eight pence they tooke goods worth three 
pounds fower pence. 

2. In the i3th of ye second month William Houghton 
Baylive for a fine imposed ye Cestions before this I3th 
day of the second month 1664 [torn] a fine of ten 
shillings they took from Thomas Benson of Ulverston 
a Brass pott worth fowertine shillings & fower pewter 
dishes worth [torn] shillings & retorned no overplush 
which come to Eightine shillings. 

3. The same time by the same Baylive for a fine of 
thirtie three shillings fower pence demaunded of Robert 
Walles they tooke a hef [torn] two pounds six shillings 
Eight pence & retorned no overplush which came to 
thirtine shillings fowerpence. 

4. Att the same time by ye same Baylive for a fine 
of one pounde six shillings eight pence they tooke two 
heffers from Robert [torn] worth two pounds six 
shillings & eight pence & retorned nothing againe being 
twentie shillings more then the Baylive should have 
[torn]. 

5. The same Baylive for a fine of one pound six 
shillings Eight pence for meeting together they tooke 
from Thomas Crossfield [torn] elis & 3 pecks of malt, 3 
new Sacks a bras morter & a Brass pott which Goods 
was worth two pounds sixtine shillings & ret [torned] 
nothing againe of the overplush which came to one 
pound nine shillings fower pence. 

6. The same Baylive for a fine of one pounde six 
shillings Eight pence for meeting together hee tooke 
from James Lancaster a horse [torn] three pounds six 
shillings Eight pence & retorned nothing againe of the 
overplush which came to two pounds. 

7. The same time by ye same Baylive for a fine 
of one pounde thirtine shillings fowerpence for meeting 
together hee tooke a horse from Richard Clayton 



n8 QUAKER MOVEMENT. IN LANCASHIRE 

stood him in six pounds Eight shillings tooke his horse 
out of the plow when he was plowing & so Broke his 
draught & retorned him nothing againe of ye over 
plus which overplus Came to fower pounds fowertine 
Shillings Eight pence & sould the said horse for about 
twentie one shillings & threattens to come againe for 
more goods. 

8. The same time by the same Baylive for a fine 
for meeting together three pounds six shillings Eight 
pence hee tooke two Cows from Richard fell of Baycliff 
worth fower pounds ten shillings which overplus 
Come to one pound thirtine shillings fower pence & 
retorned no overplus againe. 

9. The same time by ye same Baylive for a fine for 
meeting together one pounde thirtine shillings fower 
pence he tooke one Cow from Thomas Haverick a 
poore man having no more to give him milk. Judg 
of this. 

10. George ffell a poore pettie Chapman had his 
goods taken from him in the Market & made havock 
of for meeting together & his wife being of another 
pswation payd moneys & tooke them againe & this 
ye aforesd Baylive William Houghton did in ffurnis 
to the people of God Called Quakers for peaceable 
meeting together which is but some of the havock 
& suffering hee did upon them. 

11. The 5th day of ye 2d month 1664 William 
houghton Came & brought a Constable with him & 
tooke from James Rigg of high wray two yong Steeves 
worth fower pounds ten shillings & one Cow with 
Calfe worth two pounds ten shillings Contrary to the 
law for James Rigg was not Convicted at these Cestions 
of any transgrestion of the law neither by his owne 
Confescion nor by the Verdict of 12 men nor by 
notorious Evidence of ye fact nor so much as examined 
upon any accompt nor whether he was at meeting 
or noe but only a man called him by his name & bade 
him Com up to barr & there was no more said unto 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 119 

him nor laid against him yet never the less ye 
majestrats fined the sd James Rigg in three pounds 
six shillings Eight pence Contrary to the late Act a 
man uncomitted & gave warrant to William houghton 
to Straine & fetch his goods which he did to the vallue 
of yli as aforesd & so see whether here be Justis done 
in this to send a Baylive to fetch a man s goods un- 
convicted by ye law Contrary to ye law & keeps them. 

12. The 5th day of ye second month 1664 Will 
Houghton Baylive Came & tooke away a Black horse 
from Richard Walker of yew tree worth 3li & the 
sd Richard was not Convicted at these Sestions of any 
transgrestion neither by his owne Confestion nor by 
any other Evidence whatsoever nor so much as ex 
amined whether hee was at the meeting or not, but 
only Called by his name & said no more unto & after 
yt was fined in ili 135 4d, a man unconvicted Contrary 
to ye law & late Act, the overplus being 2li 6s. 8d 
but torned nothing againe. 

13. The same Baylive Houghton about the same 
time tooke from Goyles Walker neare Haukshead 
two yong Steeves worth 4li & said hee was fined in 
ili 135 4d. ye sd Goyles Walker was not in his list 
but one miles Walker of Hawshead & hee put the letter 
(m) out that stood for miles & put in (G) for Gyles 
and here you may see if this benot unjust for Justis 
preserves a people but injustis ruins them & the 
Baylive torned him nothing againe these before 
mentioned was for meeting together to worship God. 

ist. Richard parke of Sunbrick for 45 fine for not 
going to the steeple house had his Gridale that was 
to bake his Bread on taken from him by Constables 
which was worth 135 6d & nothing torned againe 
the overplus being 95 6d. 

2. William Simson x of Sunbrick for 43 fine for not 

1 William Sympson belonged to Lancashire, being born about 1627. 
Cumberland, Oxfordshire, and many other districts in England and 



120 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

going to ye steeple house & hee being in prisson had 
goods taken from him worth 9 or los & nothing re- 
torned againe being poore people the overplus being 
5s&6d. 

3. Richard Asborner of Betlife for 45 fine for not 
going to the steeple house had his Gridale taken from 
him which hee should have baked his bread on by ye 
Constable worth a us being a poore man & his wife 
being able to do little & having a Charg of Children 
& nothing retorned againe of ye overplus being 75. 

4. Thomas Borwick of Bykly for 45 fine for not 
going to the steeple house had a Bushell of pease & 
a Sack taken from him by ye Constable his Sack 
torned againe. 

5. James Chambers of Gleaston for 43 fine for not 
going to the steeple house had a pott & a pann taken 
from him by ye Constable worth 8s. The pott being 
on the fire Boyling meate for his family the Constable 
tooke it & offered to put it amongst ye swins meat 
& nothing torned againe the overplus being 45. 

6. Richard Cleatton of Gleaston for 45 fine for not 
going to ye steeple house had a pott taken from him 
by ye Constable worth I2s & had nothing torned againe 
the overplus being 8s. 

7. John Goad of Gleaston for 45 fine for not going 
to the steeple house had a pott & a pann taken from 
him by ye Constable & nothing torned againe. 

8. Jane Simonson widdow of Brows Beck for 45 
fine for not going to the steeple house had a bushell 
of Bigg & a Sack taken from her by ye Constable & 
had nothing torned againe. 

And most of these being Excommunicated out of 
ye steeple house before some of them had exhorta- 

Ireland had the benefit of his ministry. It is said that he went " three 
years naked and in sackcloth in the days of Oliver and his Parliament ; 
was made many times to go through markets naked and to Cambridge 
stark naked." He died in February 1670-1 while on a visit with 
John Burnyeat to the Barbadoes. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 121 

tion or Cittation to there knowledge and Thomas 
Carrand of Beakby hath beene in prison above 3 
yeares & is yet in prison & is excommunicated out of 
ye steeple house & fined for not coming to the steeple 
house 45. 

And when wee did goe to ye Spirituall Courte in 
steed of exhorting & Convincing of us in Scripture 
way they gave us bad words & excommunicated us 
whether they spoke to us or no without any Exhorta 
tion. So you that are to do Just is we would have 
you to doe us Justis Concerning these things for these 
are but some of the afflictions that are inflicted upon 
us. 

9. Robert Salthouse & William Salthouse of 
Drageleybeck for 8s fine for not Comeing to the steeple- 
house had 4 peare of shuse taken from them by ye 
Constable worth a us 6d & nothing retorned againe. 

10. Robert Briggs of Hollow mire for 45 fine for 
not going to ye steeple house had 4 pewter dishes 
taken from him worth [torn], & had nothing torned 
againe. 

11. Thomas Benson of Ulverston for 43 fine for 
not going to ye steeple house had a pann & a pewter 
cobler taken from [torn] had nothing torned againe. 

12. John Holme of Ulverston fined 43 for not going 
to ye steeple house & ye Constable borrowed 6s of 
him & for the fine hee kept it [torn], him nothing 
againe. 

ist. Thomas Chorley of Carnford about ye nth 
month 1663 was indited at ye Cescions for going to a 
meeting being in Ulverston was fined 2os & ffor it 
had a Cow distreaned which cost him 4li which Cow 
was released [torn], by a neighbour that owed him 
money [torn], home againe. 

2. Robert Wither for going to a meeting was 
Comitted to prison and there remained 9 week then 
was fined in 3li 6s 8d for which [torn], Houghton a 



122 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Baylive tooke 2 Cowes worth 61i IDS of which [torn], 
about the beginning of this yeare 1664. 

3. Thomas Leaper for being at a meeting was Im 
prisoned [torn], weeks & afterwards fined in [torn], 
worth 4li which was released by his Brother. 

4. John Markes was also a prisoner 9 weeks & then 
fined in one pound thirting shillings fower pence which 
was caused to be payed to the sd. Baylive by a 
neighbour. 

5 William Weathman for being at a meeting was 
also Imprisoned 9 weeks & fined in ili 135 4d which 
the Baylive had from his father. 

6. Thomas Cam for being at a meeting was prisoner 
9 weeks & then fined 2s for wch ye Baylive tooke a 
pott which a neighbour loosed he being a poor-man. 

7. Chrestopher Chorley of Carnford for being at ye 
meeting was prissoner 9 weeks & then fined in 2s 
which his grandfather payd his father also being 
for prissoner the like & yet is detained in prisson. 

8. Will. Huginson & Robert Huberstie was taken 
out of there owne house and sent to prisson for 9 weeks 
the Baylive yt destreaned ym was Will. Houghton. 

Most of these was Excomunicated without any 
Exhortation or Cittation to there knowledge & when 
they had made ym incapable of Coming to ye Steeple 
house they fined them 45 a month & also fined them 
for meeting peasably to wait upon the lord of which 
many of them Suffer Imprisonmt 9 weeks & yn were 
fined afterwards & do not know they were but to 
suffer 3 months by ye Act. 

Ffurthermore you may see what abuses & havock 
& spoyle the Baylives makes of us Concerning tithes & 
other things above mentioned & all for tenderness of 
conscience and not in rebellion nor Contempt to any 
man. John Berlley of Lancaster was summoned to a 
Courte Leet & Courte Barran at Alklife under Robert 
Dalton of Thernmim & there to be of a Jurie & because 
for Conscience Sake hee Could not Sweare they fined 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 123 

him in a us 8d as the Baylive sd & within a while 
after the sd Robert Dalton s Baylive caled Robert 
Storzicor Came upon his grounds & tooke 15 sheep 
from him which a little before cost him 3!! 35 4d & 
suld them in Lancaster Market. 

The same John Birley was sumoned to a Coorte 
held at Lancaster Willm West being Major that yere 
& because for Conscience Sake he cold not Sweare 
being warned to be of a Jurie hee was fined in 6s 8d & 
afterwards Edmonson ye Baylive of ye toune the next 
Coorte after Sued him as a just debt due unto him & 
hath at this time a judgint against him to cast his 
body into prison. 

Bryan Hodgson of Lancaster because for Conscience 
Sake hee Could not Sweare being Sumoned to be on a 
Jurie was fined in 6s 8d by Will West being Major yt 
yeare & Thomas Edmonson being Baylive tooke out of 
his shop one peare of Boots about worth 138 & retorned 
nothing againe. 

Roger Hartley was sued by Ralfe Ashton Impro- 
priattor for tith Corne Vallued I2S shillings 6d & had 
taken from him by Goyles hamond Baylive one yt 
came with him a Karsey peece worth 375. 

Steeven Sager was sued by Ralpe Ashton Impro- 
priator for tith corne vallue at us yd & by Goyles 
Hamond & Will Berry had wooll taken from him 
worth 355 John Sager was sued by Ralph Ashton 
Impropriator for tith corne Vallued by ym selves at 
1 8s gd & had taken from him by Goyles hamond & 
Will Berry two Kersey peeseese worth 3li 155 6d. 

Richard Hargreives of the Edge end was sued by 
Ralph Ashton Impropriator for tith corne vallued at 
ili 2s 6d & had taken from by Goyles hamond & Will 
Berry two Kersey peecese worth 4!! 35. 

Robert Bruce of Hartlacks was sued for tith by 
Thomas Berry & Will Rippon tith farmer & Cast at 
Comon Law att ye Assises att Lancaster in 2li damage 
as there Witness bore Evidence & then Cast in treble 



124 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

damage being 61i & upon the 26th day of ye ist month 
last the Baylive Arran tooke a horse worth 3!! & one 
Cow worth 3!! & 3 yong bease worth 5!! the horse was 
sent againe & so kept goods worth 81i & if I could have 
Graed it it may bee ili would have fitted it but yt I 
dorst not do for Conscience Sake. And priest Brigs 
of Boulton sent one Thomas Wilkinson who tooke a 
Goose of mine in the highway for tithe of geese hee 
having but 6 yong ons in all. 

Will Barns of Wirs side had a pan taken from him 
worth 2s 4d by Robert Hawthornet called ye church 
warden for is demanded as hee sd for ye Church & 
had nothing retorned againe in the 2d month 1664. 

Taken from Minchall a flitch of Bacon to ye vallue 
of ten shillings the demand was 2s for smale tith. 

Taken from John Minchall Brass to ye vallue of 8s 
the demand was 5d for maintaining of ye Steeple- 
house. 

Taken from John Minchall pewter to ye vallue of 55 
& ye demand was 2d for repairing of ye Steeple house. 

Taken from John Minchall a Brass pann to ye 
vallue of one pounde for not swearing & is 2d for 
tith. 

Taken from John Minchall Goods to ye vallue of 6s 
for not paying 4d to Repaire ye Steeple house. 

Taken from John Minchall a pann worth is 8d for 
not paying 2d to repaire ye Steeple house. 

The said John Minchall suffered imprisonment nere 
8 months for tith about 3 thanes of oats. 

Taken of John Minchall 2 steers worth 4!! for tith 
Vallued to nine shillings. 

Taken from John Minchall a Cow worth 4!! for about 
5 thanes of Barley. 

Taken from John Minchall 2 brass pans to ye vallue 
of ili. For one thane of tith Barley & ten Sheaves of 
Beans. 

[The name of Minchall is spelled throughout with c. 
The document is somewhat mutilated.] 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 125 

To the right worll his maties Justices of the peace 
& quor. within the County of Lane. 

The humble peticon of Edward Rawsthorne 
Governor of the house of Correccon in Manchester. 

Sheweth That whereas there is in the hands of the 
Constables of Manchester the sume of ffive pounds 
which was Collected & gathered from some Quakers 
within the towne of Manchester in this County aforesd. 

Yor peticoner humbly prayes yor worpp To grante 
your order that the sd Sume of ffive pounds may bee 
received from the sd Constables & Imployed to and for 
the Repaire of the sd house of Correccon accordinge 
to the late acte in that behalfe made 
And yor peticonr shall 
humbly pray for yor wspps 

referred to Mr Lightbowne, Mr Mosley, Mr Hartley 
to dispose yt as they shall see cause. 

January 1667-8. 

Wee doe hereby Acquainte the Justices of the Bench 
That we have received Intelligence from our friends 
att London who were Interceded for our freends in 
Prison ; and Delivered our papers to the Kinge and 
Councell whoe Received our papers att theire Hands 
and did discourse wth them aboute our freends in 
prison (And the next day did reporte our Grievances 
to the Kinge and Councill) by whom wee are Certainly 
Informed That the Kinge wth many of his Councill 
were Inclyned to Sett our freinds att Liberty forthwth. 
But being pswaded by some of his Councill to send an 
ordr or a Letter To the Justices of peace att the Quarter 
Sessions By whose pcuremt it was That these words 
were put in the order vizt Ring leaders of ffaction in 
Contempt of the Lawes Concerninge which wee Canne 
speak unto the whole world To that wch is Righteous 
Juste and true, in every hearte And perticularly wee 
Appeale unto yu upon the Bench what yu have knowne 
of us Concerninge anie faction or anie disturbance 



126 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

of the peace or Gouermt or anie Contempt of anie 
Lawes Though they were never so Contrary to our 
principles And though they have taken Away our 
Libertys, yea, and many of our Lyfes yeat we have 
suffered patiently and pcacably have undergone 
whatever hath beene Inflicted upon us by them, ffor 
it is Contrary to our principles to be factious or Tur 
bulent or Contemners of Lawes And it is Contrary to 
our Lord & Maister s Commande whoe came not to 
destroy the Lawe But to fulfill it whose Doctrine is 
not to Resist Evill. But that if anie one smite us on 
the one Cheeke to turne the other And so all faction 
and Contention and Contemners of Lawes wee doe 
deny ; And our practice and peacable life hath shewed 
the same and ever shall ; And so to the Righteous 
and just principle of God in all your Hearts wee doe 
speake to Returne us as that Judges of us 

John Townson 
John White 

Rich. Walker prisoners 
Geo. Benson. 

Robt. Widder Margt. ffell. 

Tho. Green 



1670 (?). 

To Joshua Radcliffe and Alexander Nowell 
Justices of ye peace for ye County Pallatine of 
Lanchaster 

these 

Whereas there is An Act made Anno 22 Caroli 
2 Regis The Preface whereof is to prevent & Supprese 
Seditious Conventicles &c. And whereas there is a 
Proviso in ye said Act yt when any one shall suffer 
a ffine above ten shillings for any one Meeteing it 
shall & may be lawfull (finding himselfe aggrieved) 
for him to appeal from ye person or persons convicting 
to ye Judgement of the Justices of ye Peace in tin -ir 
next Quarter Sessions &c. Soe I having my goodes 






THE WITNESSING FACTS 127 

taken by the Const, and Churchwardens of Pendelton 
(by warrt from yu to them directed to levie a fine 
upon me exceeding ten shillings) the ffiftenth day of 
this Instant ffebruary for being at a Conventicle at 
the house of James Whipp in Twiston upon Sunday 
the Thirtyth of October last by reason of destraynt 
made on my Goodes as aforesd I find myself aggrieved 
Soe I do appeal from you according to the Provison 
[faded] Evidence upon which the Conviction past 
[faded] thereof And also a Coppie of the appeale 
Mdm that the 18 day of [faded] 

John Aspinall did enter the [faded] 
[The document is badly faded.] 



yth of gber 70. 
John Speake 

Constable of Twiston 

Informeth upon oath that upon Sunday the 30th 
of October last past upon some Suspicion that there 
should bee a Conventickle or Unlawfull assemblie at 
the house of James Whipp and There found William 
Howgate of Gisburne in the County of York, Shopp 
Keeper, John Aspinall of Standinge in the County of 
Lancr. yeoman James Patefeild of Clithero, Scrifiner, 
William Harison of Greenhead in Yorkshire Clothier, 
Ellen Lee of Clitheroe, spinster, Isabell Browne of New- 
feildsedg, Spinster, And the sd Informer demanded of the 
sd Howgate upon what accompt or occation they mett 
there hee Answered that they weare a Company of 
ffreends mett to discourse of Scripture & theire Religion 
Meaninge Noe hurte to neether Kinge nor Country 
And further said not 

John Speake 

X 

his marke 

Informeth upon oath 

John Clayton and Henry Speake being both 
Comanded by the Constable at the Day and Tyme 



128 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

aforesd went with him to the house of James Whipp 
in Twiston and there saw the psons above named 
but upon what accompt they were there [torn], the 
cannot tell but doe beleeve they weare all Quakers 
And further [torn]. 
[This document is somewhat mutilated.] 

1668. 

Lancr. 

Wee send you herewith by the Constable of Padiham 
the bodies of ffrancis Donne lait of Skipton in the 
countie of Yorke husbandman, William Clayton lait 
of Stanbury in the said Countie of Yorke husbandman 
James Whipp of Twiston in the Countie of Lancaster 
husbandman and Henry Robinson of Padiham in the 
said Countie of Lancr. husbandman brought before 
us this day and accused to have beene assembled the 
twentieth day of this Instant Septembr at the house 
of the said Henry Robinson in Padiham afforesaid 
together with others above the number of ffive psons 
of the age of Sixtiene yeares and upwards Contrary 
to an Act of Parliamt Intituled an Act for pventing 
the Mischieffe & dangers that may arise by certaine 
psons Called quakers and others refuseing to take 
lawfull oathes which upon their Examinacons they have 
not only confessed before us but alsoe pemptorily 
denied to take the oath of allegiance to them by us 
tendered and to give security for their appearance 
at the next quarter Sessions of the peace to bee holden 
at Preston in Amoundernes Theise are therefore in 
his Maties name straitly to charge and Comand you 
that you receive them the said ffrancis donne William 
Clayton James Whipp and Henry Robinson into his 
Maties Comon Gaole at the Castle of Lancr there to 
remaine untill the next quarter Sessions of the peace 
to bee holden at Preston afforesd or bee thence deliv. 
out by due Course of law. Given under our hands 
and Scales at Whalley the 2ist day of September 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 129 

Anno Regni Regis dni uri Carol! Sedi Angliae &c. 
Vicesimo annoq dni 1668. 

To the Keeper of his 

Matis Comon Tho. Brady 11. 

Goale at the Thos. Parker. 

Castle of Lancr. his Matis 
deputie or deputies 

Greeting 

Don 5li 

Robinson 3li 6s viijd 

Wm. Claton 55 

Whip 365. 

for as much as brought into Court being before 
Convict & comitted to house of Correcon if they pay 
not within a weeke. 

1670. 

Com. Lane. 
Sr. 

Whereas it appeareth unto us by the Certificate 
of Richard Legh Esq., and Edward Warren Esq. 
twoe of his Maties Justices of the peace for the Countie 
of Chester that upon the I7th day of July last past 
being Sunday there was a numerous meeting or Con 
venticle under Colour or ptence of the Exercise of 
Religion at the house of Ann Marsland of Hanford 
in the parish of Cheedle and Countie of Chester, widow, 
when Willm Booth of Warrington in the Countie of 
Lancaster, Maulster, preached and prayed Contrarie 
to the late Act of Parliament for pventing and Sup 
pressing Seditious Conventicles but did not read the 
booke of Comon prayer at which said meeting there 
was manie more than five psons l above the age of 

1 The Conventicle Act ordained "that if any Person above the age of 
sixteen, after the first of July 1664, shall be present at any meeting 
under Colour or Pretence of any Exercise of Religion, in other manner 
than is allowed by the Liturgy or Practice of the Church of England, 
where shall be five or more Persons than the Household, shall for the 
I 



130 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

16 yeares who were not of the house hold of the said 
Anne Marsland And therefore the said Justices did 
deeme and adjudge the said William Booth Guiltie 
of the breach of the sd Act and did therefore impose 
the sume of five shillings upon the sd William Booth 
as a fine uppon him according to the sd Act and the 
said Justices did further adjudge that the said William 
Booth had forfeited twentie pounds according to the 
sd Act for takeing uppon him to preach in the said 
Meeting or Conventicle as by the Certificate and Con 
viction taken before the Sd Justices more fully and at 
large it doth and may appeare. Now therefore wee 
doe hereby will and require and in his Maties name 
straictly Charge and Comand you that forthwith 
(after the receipt hereof) you doe levie by distresse 
and Sale of the goods and Chattells of the said William 
Booth as well the sd sume of five shillings so as aforesd 
imposed uppon him, as the sume of twentie pounds 
so as aforesd forfeited by him for takinge uppon him 
to preach in the sd meeting or Conventicle Contrarie 
to the sd Act And the same moneys Soe levied you 
do pay to us or the one of us to be disposed of as by 
the said Act is directed And hereof you are not to 
ffaile as you will answer the Contrarie at yor pills 
[perils]. 

first Offence suffer three months imprisonment, upon Record made 
upon Oath under the Hand and Seal of a Justice of Peace ; or pay a 
Sum not exceeding five Pounds," etc. In April 1670 the Conventicle 
Act, which had expired, was revived, and it distinctly stipulates that 
when there were present at any such religious meeting " five Persons 
or more besides those of the Household, the Offender shall pay five 
Shillings for the first Offence, and ten Shillings for the second. And the 
Preachers or Teachers in any such meeting shall forfeit twenty Pounds for 
the first and forty for the second Offence. And those who knowingly 
suffer such Conventicles in their Houses, Barns, Yards, etc., shall forfeit 
twenty Pounds." Whilst, however, the law would seem to be perfectly 
clear that it was an infringement of the Act when five persons other than 
members of the household were present at a Conventicle, the popular 
idea appears to have been that more than five were needed to constitute 
a breach of the law. In all cases it will be noted that those who gave 
evidence against the offenders said that more than five were present. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 131 

Given under our handes and Scales this 5th day 
of September Ano R Rx Caro 2 Angl. &c Vicessimo 
Secundo Anoq. Dom. 1670 

Roger Bradshaigh. 
L. Rawstorne. 
To all Mayors 

Bailiffes. and Constables more specially to the 
Constables of Warrington in the sd County 
of Lancaster and to all and everie of them 
joyntly or severally 

Greeting 

[In another hand.] 
as allsoe to the Churchwardens 

and overseers of the 

poore. 

Com. Cestr. 

To his Majtes Justices of the peace for the County 
of Lancaster and especially to Sr Roger Bradshaigh 
Knt and Lawrence Rothstorne Esqr. 

These 

Wee whose hands and Scales are hereunto sett and 
subscribed two of his Majtis Justices of the peace for 
and in the said County of Chester doe hereby Certifie 
you that William Booth of Warrington in the aforesaid 
County of Lancaster, Maltster, was upon the 27th day 
of this instant August by us Convicted for preaching 
and praying in a Conventicle or meeting upon the 
I7th day of July last past at the house of Ann 
Marsland of Hanford in the parish of Cheadle and 
aforesaid County of Chester, widow, Contrary to a 
late Act of this psent parliamt intituled an Act for ye 
suppssing of Seditious Conventicles & meetings as by 
a Conviction under our hands and Scales hereunto 
annexed it doth and may appeare. 

Witness our hands and Scales 
the 29th day of August 1670 
R. Legh. 
Ed Warren. 



132 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Com Cestr. 

Whereas wee whose hands and scales are hereunto 
sett and subscribed being Justices of the peace for 
and in the said County are fully satisfied by notorious 
evidence and circumstances of the fact That upon 
the i yth day of July last past being Sunday there 
was a numerous meeting or Conventicle under Colour 
or ptence of the exercise of Religion at the house of 
Ann Marsland of Hanford in the parish of Cheadle 
and County aforesaid widow by and with her Consent 
where one William Booth of Warrington in the County 
of Lancaster, Maltster, preached and praied contrary 
to the late Act for preventing & suppressing Seditious 
Conventicles but did not read the booke of Comon 
praier at which said meeting there was more then 
ffive persons above the age of 16 yeares who were not 
of the household of the said Ann Marsland, amongst 
whom there was Samuel Barret of Etchell in the said 
County of Chester husbandman and Mary the wife of 
Thomas Mather of Hanford aforesaid Skinner Wee 
doe therefore deeme and adjudge the said persons 
guilty of the breach of the late Act against Conventicles, 
and doe therefore impose the sume of ffive shillings 
upon the said Ann Marsland, the sume of ffive shillings 
upon the said William Booth, the sume of ffive shillings 
upon the said Samuel Barret and the sume of ffive 
shillings upon the said Mary Mather as ffines upon 
the said persons according to the said Act. And doe 
further adjudge that the said Ann Marsland hath 
forfeited twenty pounds according to the said Act for 
willingly suffering such said Conventicle to bee held 
in her said house and that the said William Booth 
hath also forfeited twenty pounds according to the 
said Act for takeing upon him to preach in the said 
Meeting or Conventicle. 

Witnes our hands and Scales 
the 27th day of August 






THE WITNESSING FACTS 133 

Anno Regni Regis Carol! Secdi nunc Angl. &c 
vicessimo secdo Anoq. doi. 1670. 

R. Legh 
Ed. Warren. 

[Endorsed.] The Certificate and Conviction of 
William Booth of Warrington by the Justices of peace 
in Cheshyre for a Conventicle 

August (70). 

1675. (July). 

To the Right Worshippfull Richard Kirby with 
other the Justices of the Peace at the Generall Sessions 
held at Lancaster this i3th of July instant 

The humble Petition of William Browne John 
Tomason Constables & Richard Kew Churchwarden, 
John Longton Overseer for the poore within the Toune 
of Scotforth within the Parish of Lancaster. 

Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas Andrew Lund John Padget ffrancis 
Sands William Atkinson ffrancis Padget all within 
Scotforth aforesayd presented at the last Generall 
Sessions holden for the Peace at Lancaster aforesayd 
as Quakers absenting themselves fro Divine Service 
upon Sundays & since then have absented themselves 
fro Divine Service upon Sundays Contrary to the 
Statutes & injunctions of the Realme Therefore they 
desire that a Warrant may be Granted to levy 12 
pence by the Sunday for every Sunday since the sayd 
psentment upon every of them the offenders aforesayd 
for the use of the Poore according to the Statute in 
that Case made & provided 

And yr Petitioners shall 
ever pray 

1677. April. 

To all and every his Matis Justices of the peace for 
the County Palatine of Lancr. and especially to 
Christopher Parker Esq. These are to Certifie you 
That ffrancis Patchet of Scotforth in the County 



134 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

aforesd & Robt Butler of Rawcliffe in the County 
aforesaid stand Convicted with severall others by 
the Oathes of Thomas Blackburn of Garstang in the 
County aforesaid Blacksmith James Atkinson of 
Nateby in the County aforesaid husbandman taken 
before me William Towlnson Maior of the Burrough 
or Towne of Lancaster in the County aforesaid at 
Lancr. aforesaid the ffifth Day of Aprill last past that 
they were psent at a meeting or Conventicle the Twenty 
fifth day of March last past at Lancaster aforesaid 
in the house of Richard Clayton of Lancaster aforesaid 
Dyer called ffryers under Colour or ptence of Exe- 
cising Religion in other maner then according to the 
liturgy & practice of the Church of England ffor wch 
their offence & Transgression I imposed upon them the 
sumes of ffive shillings a peece respectively And that 
Roger Hadocke of Coppull in the County aforesaid 
stands also Convicted before me by the Oaths of the 
aforesaid Thomas Blackburn & James Atkinson for 
taking upon him to preach or teach at the aforesaid 
meeting or Conventicle Contrary to the Act of parliamt 
in that behalfe made, for wch he hath forfeited the 
sume of Twenty pounds And of such their Conviccon I 
have made a Record & sent out my warrt under my 
hand Scale directed to Sevrall Officers within the 
said wants under my hand & Scale directed to Sevrall 
Officers within the said Burrough or Towne of Lancr. 
forthwth to levy the sumes aforesaid by destresse 
Sale of their goods & Chattell And upon receipt to 
deliver the same to me to be distributed & disposed 
according to the direccon of the said Act of parliamt 
And the said Officers doe returne That the said ffrancis 
patchet Robt Butler & Roger Hadocke have no goods 
& Chattells within the aforesaid Burrough or Towne 
of Lancaster that they can finde Whereof they may 
levy the sumes aforesaid according to the said Act 
of parliamt Wherefore psumeing That the said ffrancis 
Patchet of Scotforth may have some estate in Scotforth 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 135 

and That the said Robert Butler of Rawcliffe may 
have an Estate in Rawcliffe and that the said Roger 
Haddocke of Coppull may have an Estate in Coppull 
all within the said County of Lancr. out of my Juris- 
dicon but where yor or any of your warrts may & must 
be obeyed To the end the Law in that behalfe may be 
pursued I have hereby Certified you of the pmisses 

Witness my hand & Scale 

the xxiiij day of Aprill Ano RRs Caroli Scedi Angl. &c 
xxix 

Annoq. dni 1677. 

William Towlnson. 

A warrt to the Sevall 

Const, according to the 

tenor hereof. 

1678. 

Ad General Quarterias Session, pacis dni Regis 
tent, apud Preston in Com. Lane. 17 Jan. 2Qth Rx. 
Car. Sedi. 

This Court doth Taxe and allowe fifty shillings & 
sixe pence Costs to be paide by Samuell Watson who 
was Convicted upon his appeale for preaching or 
teaching at an Unlawfull Conventicle in Clitherow 
to be paid unto Mr John Cockshute for the prosecutors 
Charges allowed according to ye Statute in that case 
provided 

Kenyon 

A warrt to apphend him & to send to Goale untill 
he pay. 

1679. 

Jan. 1679-80. 
Com. Lancr. 

The Informacon of Wm. Standish, Prescott, and 
John Naylor of Windle in ye said County of Lancaster 
taken the 2d day of January 1679 before me John 



136 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Entwisle Esq. one of his Maties Justices of peace and 
Quor. of the same County 

Who say upon their Oaths that on ffryday the iyth 
day of October last past Wm Griffith of Toxteth 
parke James Laithwaite Thomas Hicock and Wm. 
Booth of Knowsley James Tarleton of Westderby 
Samuell Dunbaband and John Chorley of Warrington 
Riche Tarbock and Thomas Tarbock of Sutton Thomas 
Keaquick George Birch and Thomas Chaddock of 
Sankey George Shaw, John Bispham Godfrey Atherton 
and Richard Cubham all of Biccurstaffe, Thomas 
Crosby and Joshua Crosby of Ormskirk Elizabeth 
Yarway of Rainford, Henry Ackers of Cuerdley James 
Penketh of Penketh Richard Hankinson of Bold and 
John Crichlaw of parr and Edward Billinge of Windle 
Together with twenty other persons or thereabouts 
all of them being of the age of Sixteen years and up 
wards and subjects of this Realme were psent at an 
Assembly Conventicle or meeting under Coulor and 
ptence of exercise of Religion in othr manner then 
According to the Leiturgy and practice of ye Church 
of England in a Certaine building near St. Ellen 
Chappell in the parish of Prescott not being a house 
where any family then Inhabitted Contrary to the 
Statute made in the two & twentieth year of the Reign 
of King Charles the Second Intituled an Act to pvent 
and Supresse Seditious Conventicles. And these in- 
formts further say that three severall psons Altogether 
unknown to them or eithr of them tooke upon them 
to teach after ye manner and practice of ye Quakers 
in ye said Assembly And further say not. 
Jurat die et Anno 
Supr coram me 

Wm. Standish 
Jon Entwisl. X 

his marke 

John Naylor. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 137 

Memorandum quod Willus Standish de Prescott 
et Johes Naylor de Windle &c. 
[Document illegible in places]. 

That on ffriday the Sevententh day October last 
past William Griffith of Toxteth Park James Laith- 
waite Thomas Hicock & William Booth of Knowsley 
James Tarlcton of Westderby Samuel Dunbavand 
and John Chorley of Warrington Richard Tarbock 
and Thomas Tarbock of Sutton and Thomas Keaquick 
George Birch and Thomas Chaddock of Sankey 
George Shaw John Bispham Godfrey Atherton and 
Richard Cubham all of Biccurstaffe Thomas Crosby 
and Joshua Crosby of Ormeskirk Elizabeth Yarway of 
Rainford & Henry Ackers of Cuerdley James Penketh 
of Penketh Richard Hankinson of Bold John Crichlaw 
of Parr and Edward Billing of Windle Together with 
Twenty psons unknowne or there abouts all of them 
being of the age of Sixtiene years & upwards and 
Subjects of this Realme were psent at an Assembly 
Conventicle or meeting under Coulor and ptence of 
Exercise of Religion in other manner then according 
to the Leiturgie and practice of the Church of England 
in a certaine building near St. Ellen Chappcll in the 
Parish of Prescott not being an house where any 
family then inhabited Contrary to the Statute made 
in the Two and Twentieth year of the Reigne of King 
Charles the Second Intituled an Act to pvent and 
Suppresse Seditious Conventicles And these Informants 
further say that Three severall Persons altogether 
unknowne to them or either of them took upon them 
to teach after the Maner and practices of the Quakers 
in the said Assembly. Fines inflicted 

Willm Griffith vs 

Jacobus Laithwte vs 
et proprimo pdicatore xli 

Thomas Hicock vs. 
et pro eodem pdicatore xli 



138 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

William Booth vs 
et pro secundo pdicatore xli 

Jacobus Tarleton vs 

Dunbavand vs 
et pro eodem pdicatore xli 

Johes Chorley vs. 
et pro tertio pdicatore xli 

Ricu Tarbock vs 

Thomas Tarbock vs 

Thomas Keaquick vs 

Georgius Birch vs 

Thomas Chaddock vs 

Georgius Shaw vs 

Johes Bispham vs 

Godfrey Atherton vs. 

Ricus Cubham vs 

Thomas Crosby vs 

Joshua Crosby vs 

Elizabeth Yarway vs 

Henricus Ackers [torn] 

Jacobus Penketh vs 

Ricus Hankinson vs 
et pro tertio pdicatore xli. 

Johes vs 

Edrus Billinge vs. 

In cujus rei testimoniu Ego pfatu Johes Entwisle 
con [torn] Terto die Jan. 

[Document somewhat mutilated and some Latin por 
tions omitted but they contain nothing of importance. 
1679-80.] 

20 November 1679. 

Thomas Heton of Sharpies in the County of Lancr 
yeoman maketh oath that upon the nynth day 
November 1679 hee went into the house of James 
Harrison of Bolton in the said County and did there 
and then heare the said James Harrison teach and 
instruct a certaine number of people there psent to 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 139 

repent and used many other words by way of exercise 
of religion standing there in the midst of the assembly 
att which meeting there was besides his owne family 
one Henry Wood of Tottington Alice the wife of James 
Worthington of Bolton Phineas Pemberton & Phebe 
his wife of Bolton and other psons to the number of 
thirty which hee did not know all subjects of this 
Realme and above sixtiene yeares of Age 

Thomas Heaton. 

The day and yeare above said Alexander Bradshaw 
of Bolton aforesaid saith upon Oath That hee went 
wth the above named Thomas Heaton Churchwarden 
of the Parish of Bolton to the said house and did heare 
the said James Harrison Instruct the people to feare 
God and not man after the manner of preaching where 
were psent besides the family of the said James Harrison 
the above said Henry Wood alice the wife of James 
Worthington one of the daughters of James Worthington 
of Bolton Ann Rothwell of the same Phebe the wife 
of Phineas Pemberton of Bolton Raph Pemberton 
of Ratcliffe and other psons whose names hee did 
not know to the number of Thirtie or above all subjects 
of our Soveigne Lord the King and above sixtiene 
years of age 

Alexander Bradshaw 

X 
his marke 

James Woodruff an ovseer of the Poore of Bolton 
saith upon his Oath that hee went wth the above 
named Thomas Heaton the day and yeare abovesaid 
into the house of the said James Harrison where hee 
saw the said James standing in the midle of the 
assembly there psent speaking to the people, but the 
Croud hindered him from understanding his words 
but hee believes hee was teaching them by way of 
exercise of religion where hee saw besides the familey 
of the said James Harrison Raph Pemberton of Rat- 



140 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

cliffe Henry Wood of Tottington Phebe the wife of 
Phineas Pemberton of Bolton John Clarke of Bolton 
Alice the wife of James Worthington of the same and 
many other psons to the number of Twenty whose 
names hee did not know all subjects of our Sovaigne 
Lord the King and above Sixtene yeares of Age 

James Woodroofe. 

James Crabtree saith upon oath That att the tyme 
and place aforesaid hee in the Company of the said 
Thomas Heton Churchwarden did heare James 
Harrison teacheing the people their assembled to feare 
God and not man and other things by way of Exercise 
of Religion where was assembled besides the familey 
of the said James, Phineas Pemberton of Bolton 
Phebe wife of the said Phineas Alice the wife of James 
Worthington of Bolton Esther their daughter Ann 
Rothwell of Bolton Henry Wood of Tottington Raph 
Pemberton of Ratcliffe John Clarke of Bolton and 
other psons to the number of thirty or upwards whose 
names hee did not know All subjects of our Sovraigne 
Lord the King and above sixtiene yeares of Age 

James Crabtree. 

Thomas Townley Constable of Bolton upon oath 
saith that the same day and tyme hee went wth Thomas 
Heton Churchwarden into the house of the said James 
Harrison being informed there was a meeting or 
Conventicle there and did fynde the said James 
Harrison standing amongst the people there assembled 
and was by way of divine worship telling the people 
of the light and the truth and of fearing God and not 
man and many other words to the like effect att which 
tyme and place were assembled besides the familey 
of the said James Harrison Pheneas Pemberton & 
Phebe his wife of Bolton John Clarke of the same 
Raph Pemberton of Ratcliffe Henry Wood of Tottington 
Ann Rothwell of Bolton Alice the wife of James 
Worthington of the same, Esther Worthington their 






THE WITNESSING FACTS 141 

daughter and others to the number of Thirty and 
upwards and all Subjects of our Sovaigne Lord the 
King and aged above sixtiene yeares 

Tho Townley. 
Com. Lancr. 

Ss 

fforasmuch as by ye Informacons of sevall psons 
of good Creditt upon their Oaths taken before us 
Wm Hulme & Thomas Lever Esqrs (Two of ye King s 
Matis Justices of ye p of & for this County) Att Bolton 
in le More In ye sd County The 20th day of November 
last And by Notorious Evidence & Circumstances It 
appeareth unto us That upon Sunday being the gth 
day of ye sd month of November last There was a 
Conventicle or Meeting at Bolton aforsd under Color 
or ptence of ye Exercise of Religion in other manner 
then According to ye Liturgy & practise of ye Church 
of England In ye dwelling house of James Harrison 
of Bolton aforesd Shoemaker At such Conventicle or 
meeting were Assembled (over and besides those of 
ye Househould of ye sd Harrison) To witt Pheneas 
Pemberton & Phebe his wife of Bolton aforesd, Grocer, 
John Clarke of ye same, Grocer, Ann Rothwell of ye 
same Spinster Alice ye wife of James Worthington 
of ye same, Shoemaker, Esther Worthington of ye 
same spinster Henry Wood of Tottington husbandman 
Raph Pemberton of Radcliffe & sevall other psons 
to ye number of 20 & upwards (whose names are un- 
knowne to ye Informers) All Subjects of this Realme 
And above ye age of 16 years In wch sd Conventicle 
or meeting so holden the day & yeare aforesd He ye 
sd James Harrison did take upon him to preach or 
Teach And that such have beene ye pceeds in & Con 
cerning ye pmisses As a full Convicon is made of ye 
Offences (for such their Offences) According to ye 
Statute in yt Case made & pvided And pursuant 
thereunto are the sd Matis Justices of ye p I have 
Imposed ye ffyne of 53 a peece upon each of them 



142 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

ye sd Phineas Pemberton Phebe his wife Jon Claikr 
Ann Rothwell Alice Worthington Esther Worthington 
Henry Wood and Raph Pemberton and upo ye sd 
James Harrison for his sd offence the ffyne or for 
feiture of xxli In Execon whereof Thes are in his sd 
Matis name strictly to Charge & Comand you & every 
of you ymediately upo yor receipt thereof To Collect 
Levy By Distress to Sale of ye sd Offenders goods 
& Chles the sevall sumes of money hereafter menconed 
Respectively That is to say the sume of xs upo ye 
goods & Chles of the sd Phineas Pemberton for such 
ye offence of ye sd Phineas & phebe his wife ffive 
shillings upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd Jon Clarke 
vs upo ye goods & Chatties of ye sd Ann Rothwell vs 
upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd Esther Worthington 
vs upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd James Worthington 
for ye sd offence of Alice his wife vs upo ye goods & 
Chles of ye sd Henry Wood vs upo ye goods & Chles 
of ye sd Raph Pemberton And the sd sume of xxli 
upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd James Harrison wch 
sd sevall sumes of money As you shall Levy or receive 
ye same you are hereby likwyse required to Deliver 
& pay unto us or ye one of us To be distributed & 
disposed According to ye direcion of ye sd Statute 
Wherein faile not &c 

Given under or hands & Scales the [blank] day of 
December Anno Rrs Caroli scdi Angl &c xxx. 

W. H. 

To all & evie ye Constables Churchwardens & Over 
seers of ye poore within ye sd County of Lancr And 
especially to ye Constables Churchwardens & Over 
seers of ye poore of Bolton Tottington Radcliffe 
Respectively. 

Greeting 

Daniell Hemingway Constable of Bolton was att 
the house aforesaid att the tyme aforesaid where hee 
saw sevall psons to the number of thirty and upwards 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 143 

hearing James Harrison of Bolton then standing in 
the Middle of the Assembly speake to them by way 
of Exercise of Religion and all psent subjects of this 
Realme and above the age of sixtiene yeares. 

Dan. Hemingway. 

Capt. apud Bolton in the more In Com. Lancr. 
vicesimo die Novembr. Ano RRs Caroli Scdi Angl. 
&c. Tricesimo primo coram nobis. 

W. Hulme. 
Tho. Lever. 

Thomas Heton of Sharpies yeoman Churchwarden 
of Bolton is prosecutor of these Informations. 

Mr Rome, 

Inclosed I have sent you the Informacions lately 
taken by Mr Hulme and my selfe In order to ye 
Convicion of ye Conventicles And ye Warrt wch we 
have issued forth thereupon To the Intent yt you 
may be Instructed to draw upp ye Record of Con* 
vicion &c in fourme wch we must desire you to ppare 
& pfect agt the next Sessions That ye Offenders may 
take their benefite of appeale thereupon if they please 
wch is all at 
psent fro 
yor affect freend 

Chambre $th Tho. Lever. 

Jan. 79. 

We have no Copies of thees Informacons therefore 
you must fyle them safely. I know not what Execcon 
ye Constables have yet made of ye Warrt But I thinke 
none at all. I should be glad to know when you 
expect Mr Kenyon to come Home. My service to 
his good Lady & her vertuous daughters. 



Jan. 1680-1. 

Thomas Parker of Aighton & William Clayton of 
Whalley took oath before Nicholas Townley & Thomas 
Braddyll justices of the peace that on Sunday the 



144 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Sevententh day of Octob instant John ffish of Clitheroe 
Margret his wife Anne his daughter Richard Colborne 
of the same Ellen his wife Charles Leigh of Mearley 
Ursilla the wife of John Allmond of Wilpshire Thomas 
Robinson of Gisburne in the County of York Thomas 
Eccles of Balshaw Eaves Thomas Procter of the same 
Edmund Tomlinson of Grindleton Clement Parker 
of the fforrest of Holland William Romsbotham of 
Aighton William Cottam of the same Anne Baldwin 
of the same Katherine Cross of the same Margaret 
Houghton of the same Bridget Isherwood of the same 
Jenet Houghton of the same Town Elizabeth Standen 
daughter of Henry Standen of the same Edward 
Parkinson of Cheagley James Corner of the same 
Thomas Bleasdale of Aighton John Richmond of the 
same Mary the wife of Henry Standen aforesaid John 
Aspinall of Pendleton William Whalley of Marsden 
Alexander Salisbury of Lagram Alice his daughter 
Edward Row of Thornley Thomas Dilworth of the 
same Sarah his wife James Dilworth of the same Anne 
his wife John Smith of Thornley and Henry Cottam 
of Chipping togeather wth above twenty psons un 
known or thereabouts all of them of the age of sixtiene 
yeares and upwards and Subjects of this Realme 
were psent at an Assembly Conventicle or meeting 
under colour or ptence of the exercise of Religion in 
other manner then according to the Liturgie and 
practise of the Church of England in the house of 
one Mathew Read of Aighton aforesaid, Husbandman, 
Contrary to the Statute made in the two and twentieth 
year of the Raigne of King Charles the Second In 
tituled an Act to pvent & suppres Seditious Con 
venticles And these Informants further say that 
William Whalley aforesaide took upon him to teach 
preach or pray after the manner and practice of the 
Quakers in the said assembly. Fines inflicted. 

William Whalley prdicatr xxxli offence 2. 

Mathew Read xli. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 145 

John ffish p prdicatore 61i 
Rich Cowburne 61i 
Alexander Salisbury 81i 
John Fish 5$ 
Margaret his wife 53 
Anne his daughter 53 
Rich Cowburne 53 
Ellen his wife 53 
Charles Leigh 53 
Ursilla Allmond 55 
Thomas Robinson 53 
Thomas Eccles 53 
Thomas Procter 53 
Edward Tomlinson 53 
Clement Parker 53 
William Romsbottom 55 
William Cottam 53 
Anne Baldwin 55 
Katherine Cross 53 
Margret Houghton 53 
Bridget Isherwood 53 
Jenet Houghton 53 
Elizabeth Standen 53 
Edward Parkinson 53 
James Corner 53 
Thomas Bleasdall 53 
John Richmond 53 
Mary Standen 53 
John Aspinall xs 
Alexander Salisbury 53 
Alice Salisbury 55 
Edward Row 53 
Thomas Dilworth 55 
Sarah Dilworth 53 
James Dilworth 53 
Anne Dilworth 55 
John Smith 55 
Henry Cottam 53 



146 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

In cujus rei testimonia nos pfat Nicholau Townley 
et Thomas Braddyll Convicois evidentias simul cio 
Recordo ejusdem Justie Acti Rgs ad Genal Sessione 
pacis p Com Lane apud Preston pxmo tenendo sub 
manibs et Sigillis uris vicessimo die Octobris ano 
supradicto humilime certificam. 

Nic. Townley. 
Thorn Braddyll. 

[Latin portions omitted but they contain nothing of 
importance.] 



1681 (April). 
Com. Lane. 

The Information of Thomas Bannister of Prescott 
& Ralph Parr within the same town in ye parish of 
Prescott taken the third day of March 1680 before me 
John Entwisle Esq. one of his Majesty s Justices of 
Peace & Quorum of ye said County 

Who say that James Fletcher of Knowsley James 
Laithwait of Knowsley John Chorley of Warrington 
Griffith Owen of Prescote John Barns of Warrington 
Mr. Whitfeeld of Roby James Penketh of Penketh 
William Hatton of Knowsley Samuel Dunbabin of 
Warrington together with above fourty other persons 
unknown being of the several ages of sixteen years 
& upwards & subjects of this Realm were on Fryday 
ye 7th of January last past present at an Assembly 
Conventicle meeting in a certain place called ye 
Quakers meeting house nere St Ellens Chappell in ye 
above said parish of Prescott of wch said meeting 
house George Shaw of Bickersteth is reputed to be 
ye Owner under Colour & pretence of exercise of 
Religion in other manner then according to ye Leiturgy 
& practice of ye Church of England wherein an un 
known person did take upon him to preach or teach 
not making use of ye Leiturgy of ye Church of England 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 147 

nor any other person making use of ye same there 
dureing ye said meeting. 

Thomas Banester 
Ralph parr 

X 

his marke 
Capt & jurat die 
Anoq supradict 
coram me. 

J. Entwisle 

[This is duplicated but no fresh information appears. 
The fines inflicted are as follows :] 

Jacobus Laithwait o 15 o 

Willus Booth 050 

Willus Hat ton o 15 o 

et pro ignoto pdicator 500 

Jacobus Ffletcher 20 o o 

Samuel Dunbabin oo 15 o 

et pro ignoto pdicator 05 oo o 

Johes Chorley 050 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Johes Barnes o 15 o 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Griffith Owen o 15 o 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Robertus Barton 050 

Mary Kenwick 050 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Jacobus Penketh 015 o 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Ricus Hankinson 050 

et pro ignot pdicator 500 

Georgius Shaw 20 o o 



Ad Genall Session, pacis dni Regis tent, apud 
Mancaster in Com. Lane. 14. Die Octobris Ano RRs 
Car. Scdi Ang. &c xxxij . 



148 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

It is ordered by this Court that all the psons con 
victed upon a Conventicle att the house of Mr Joshuah 
Browne shall all of them forthwith haveinge notice 
hereof pay there ffynes accordinge to a warrant issued 
out agt them for the same or shew just cause to the 
Contrary att the next Sessions of peace here to bee 
houlden or in default warrants of the good behaviour 
shall then issue out agt them. 

Kenyon 

[Wanting] & to bee served psonally 

January iSth 1682-3. 

Att the quarter Sessions houlden in Manchester 
the day abovesaid wee the Constables of Ouldham 
make our presentments as followeth : 

Wee present these persons hereafter named (comonly 
called quakers) Susan Boydale James Sykes and 
Elizabeth his wife John Leese and Sara his wife Isaac 
Wyld and his sonne William Wyld and Sara Wyld 
for that they did unlawfully Assemble Together in 
the house of the said Susan Boydale upon the Seaventh 
day of December Last past in the tyme of divine 
Service but did not heare any of them teach preach 
exhort or pray and beside there was an auld man 
in the said house at the said tyme who wee doe not 
know nor Canot get his name And further wee have 
nothing to present. 

By us John Anderson 
John Sandforth 
The overseares of the 
highway for our towne is 
Robert tetlow of hollinwood 
& John Kinion of glodwick. 

1683. (July) 
Com. Lane. 

Duodecimo die Julij anno R. Rgs Caroli Scdi mine 
Angl &c. xxxv. Anoq. Dom. 1683. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 



149 



A Memoriall of ye Account of ye moneys menconed 
in ye Record Certified at ye last Genall Qr. Sessions 
of the peace held at Preston in Amounderness by 
Thomas Parker, Henry Marsden & Chr. Wilkinson 
Esqrs three of his Matys Justices of peace for ye said 
County (forfeited as in ye sd Record is menconed) 
in an unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or meetinge 
held in ye dwellinge house of Roger Lee in Clytherow 
in ye County aforesd upon ye nth day of ffebry last 
under Colour of Exercise of Religion in other manner 
then according to ye Liturgy and practice of the 
Church of England A pticular of such forfeitures as 
have beene paid into the hands of ye sd Justices since 
ye sd Qr. Sessions held at Preston amountinge in all 
to ye sume of two pounds Seaven shillings & sixpence 
his matys third pte of ye same beinge fiftiene shillings 
& tenn pence tendred into ye Cort of ye genall Quarter 
Sessions of the peace held at preston ye I2th day of 
July 1683 And by ye Appointmte of ye same by the 
sd Justices paid to Mr. Thomas Hodgkinson Deputy 
Sherriffe for ye County afforesd to his Matis use. 



John Aspinall of Standen 
Roger Driver of Clytherow 
Joane Burrow of Clytherow 
Mar. Dudgdale of ye same 
Edw Tomlinson of Gryndle-^ 

ton in Com. Ebor. 
Rich. Armistead of Gisburne 

in Com. Ebor. 
Mar. Ingham of Sawley in Com. 

Ebor. 
Elz. Bulcock of Twiston 



Sume 

His Matis 3d pt of yt sd 
Sum of 2li 75 6d is 



oo 10 oo 
oo 05 oo 
oo 05 oo 
oo 05 oo 

00 10 00 

oo 05 oo 

00 02 06 

oo 05 oo 

02 07 06 



) [Torn.] 



150 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Wee the sd Justices doe here [torn] 
I3th day of ffebry [torn] 
of ye sevale porcons 
make out 

1683. (April) 

Com. Lancr. 

The sevall and joynt Informacon of Hugh Wilkinson 
of Howgill in ye pish of Gisborne and County of Yorke 
husbandman and Thomas Danvers of ye same pish, 
Labourer, taken upon Oath before Thomas Parker 
Henry Marsden and Christopher Wilkinson Esqrs 
three of his Matis Justices of peace for ye County of 
Lancr afforesaid the Thirteenth day of ffebruary 
Ano R. Regis Caroli Scdi nunc Angl &c xxxv Anoq. 
Dom. 1682. 

Whoe upon theire Oathes sevally and joynt ly say 
yt upon Sunday last being ye Eleaventh Day of this 
Instant ffebruary they went into ye house of one 
Roger Lee of Clitherow in ye County of Lancr afforesd 
husbandman where they saw assembled together to ye 
number of ffourteene psons and upwards men and 
women ovr and beside those of ye family of ye sd 
Roger Lee subjects of this Rea-me and all of them 
above ye Age of Sixteene yeares and yt the sd psons 
were assembled togethr undr Colour or ptence of 
Exercise of Religion in othr manner then according 
to ye Liturgy and practice of ye Church of England 
amongst wch were John Aspinall of Standen in ye 
County of Lancaster afforesd yeom. James paitefeild 
of Clitherow afforesd labourer Edward Tomlinson 
of Grinleton in ye County of Yorke yeom. William 
Holgate of Sawley ye youngr in ye sd County, labourer 
Elizabeth Bulcocke of Twist on in ye sd County of 
Lancaster widdow Richard Armistead of Gisborne 
in ye County of Yorke, Linnen Webster, and Margaret 
Ingham of Sawley in ye sd County, Spinster, And these 
Informts upon Oath furthr say yt ye sd Roger Lee 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 151 

was by and psent at ye sd meeting & Conventicle and 
further say not. 

marke 

X 

Hugh Wilkinson 
marke 

X 

Thomas Danvers. 
Capt. et jurat apud 
Clitherow 

Coram nobis die et Ano 
sup diet. 

Thomas Parker 
Henry Marsden 
Chr. Wilkinson. 

Com. Lane. 

The sevall and joynt Informacon of John Dugdale 
and Leonard Horner psent Constables of ye Borrow 
of Clitherowe in ye County aforesd taken upon oath 
before Thomas Parker Henry Marsden and Chrestopher 
Wilkinson Esqrs. Three of his Matis Justices of peace 
for ye County of Lancr afforesaid the thirteenth Day 
of ffebry Anno RRs Caroli Scdi. nunc Angl. &c xxxv. 

Anoq. Dom. 1682. 

Who upon theire Oathes sevally and joyntly say 
yt upon Sunday last being ye Eleaventh Day of this 
Instant ffebruary they went into ye house of one 
Roger Lee in Clitherow afforesd husbandman where 
they saw assembled together to the number of ffour- 
teene psons or upwards men & women over and besides 
those of ye family of ye sd Roger Leigh subjects of 
this Realme and all of them above ye age of sixtiene 
yeares and yt ye sd psons were assembled together 
undr Colour or ptence of Exercise of Religion in other 
mannr then according to ye Liturgy and practice of 
ye Church of England amongst wch were John Aspinall 
of Standen in ye County afforesd yeom. Richard 
Cowburne of Clitherow afforesd Labourer Joane 



152 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Barrow of ye same Single woman Margarett Dugdale 
of ye same widd. James Paitefeild of ye same Labourer 
Anne the wife of Roger Lee ye younger of ye same 
Isack Ashton of ye same Edward Tomlinson of Grinleton 
in ye County of Yorke yeom. Christopher West of 
WhalJey in the County of Lancaster Carpinter And 
further say not. 

Jo : Dugdale 

mark. 

Leonard X Horner. 
Capt et jurat apud 
Clitherow cora nobis 
die et Ano. supradicit. 

Tho : Parker 
Henry Marsden 
Chr. Wilkinson. 
Lane. 

Decimo Octavo die Aprilis Ano R. Regis Carol! 
Scdi nunc Ang. &c xxxv. Anoq. Dom. 1683. 

Wee whose names are here under Subscribed three 
of his Matis Justices of the peace for the said County 
Doe hereby Certify that wee did upon the I3th day 
of ffby last being the day of the Conviccon of the 
Sevall psons menconed in the Record hereunto 
affixed make out our Warrants for the levying of the 
Sevall sumes in the sd Record imposed upon them for 
their offences And did likewise make our Certificate 
to the Bayliffes of the Borrough of Clitheroe withall 
desireing them to Jssue out their Warrants for the 
Levying of the fines menconed in the said Record and 
imposed upon such psons as live in the sd Borrough 
& stand Convicted of the offences in the sd Record 
menconed. 

Tho. Parker 
Henry Marsden 
Chr. Wilkinson. 

[The Record follows in Latin but it contains nothing 
fresh.] 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 153 



Com. Lane. 



The Informacon of Thomas Wilkinson and Anthony 
Crosly of Gisborne in the County of Yorke, Labourer, 
taken at Clitherow in the County of Lancaster before 
Thomas Parker Christopher Wilkinson and Henry 
Marsden Esqrs. three of his Matis Justices of ye peace 
for ye sd County of Lancaster ye Thirteenth day of 
february Ano R Regis Caroli Scdi nunc Angl. &c xxxv 
Anoq. Dom. 1682. 

Who upon theire Oathes joyntly and sevally say 
that upon Sunday the Twenty Eight Day of January 
last past they these Informants see A numerous 
meeting or Conventicle undr Colour & pretence of 
Religious Worshipp in other mannr then according 
to ye Liturgy and practice of ye Church of England 
at ye house of Elizabeth Bulcocke in Twiston in ye 
County of Lancaster Widdow where were many more 
then five persons above ye Age of sixtiene yeares ovr 
and above those of ye same house hould subjects of 
this Realme Contrary to a late Act of parlimt made 
for suppressinge sedicious meetings and Conventicles 
wherein amongst sevall othrs unknown to these In- 
formts were Henry Bailey of Grinleton husbandman 
John Scott Sonne of John Scott of Longamrow wthin 
Sawley husbandman and Elizabeth Scott his sister 
of ye same Spinster Margarett Ingham of Whalley 
within Sawley afforesd Spinster Thomas Scott of 
Easington husbandman Thomas Robinson of Gisborne, 
Shopkeeper, John Baldwin of Howgill wthin ye Pish of 
Gisborne afforesd Carpenter and Bridgett his wife 
James Hoult of ye same Husbandman William Watson 
of Middop husbandman and Margarett Watson his 
mothr of ye same Thomas Driver of Gaisgill, hatter, 
William Oddy of Martintop, Tanner, all in ye Ryde and 
County of Yorke afforesd and these Informts upon 
theire Oathes further say yt the sd Elizabeth Bulcock 



154 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

was by and psent at ye sd meeting & Conventicle and 
further say not 

marke 
Thomas X Wilkinson 

marke 

Anthony X Crosly 
Capt. et jurat cora nobis 
[torn] Anno supradict 

Thos. Parker 
Henry Marsden 
Chr. Wilkinson. 

Outside: "Thomas Wilkinson and Anthony Crosly s 
Informacon taken att Clitheroe ye 13. feby 1682." 

Decimo Octavo die Aprilis Ano R. Rs Car. Scdi. 
mine Angl. &c. xxxv Anoq. 

Dom. 1683. 

A Memoriall of the account of the moneys menconed 
in the Record hereunto affixed certified by us Thomas 
Parker Henry Marsden and Christopher Wilkinson 
Esqrs three of his Matis Justices of the peace for the 
County Pall, of Lancr. To the Genale Quartr Sessions 
of the peace holden att Preston in Amoundernesse 
the i gth instant (forfeited as in the said Record men- 
coned) in an unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or 
meetinge held in the dwelling house of Elizabeth 
Bolcocke of Twiston in the said County widd. undr 
Colour or Exercise of Religion in other manner then 
according to the Liturgie and practice of the Church 
of England upon Sunday the 28th day of January 
last 

A perticular of such forfeitures as hath been paid 
into our hands amounting to the sume of 22! los his 
Matis third part of the sume being 7!! los. tendered 
into this Court att the Quarter Sessions aforesd and 
by the appointmt of the same by the sd Justices paid 
to Mr Thomas Hodgkinson Deputy Sherriffe for the 
sd County for his Matis use 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 155 

Elizabeth Bulcocke for"! 

suffering the sd 20 li oo oo 

Conventicle to be held 

in her house 

William Watson oo 05 oo 

Margt Watson oo 05 oo 

William Oddy oo 05 oo 

Jo Baldwin & his wife oo 10 oo 

Thomas Scott oo 10 oo 

James Holt oo 05 oo 

Thomas Driver oo 10 oo 



Summe 22 10 oo 

his Matis third pte of 1 oy I0 00 

ye sd sume of 22li los isj 

Wee ye Justices doe hereby Certify that wee did 
the I3th day of ffeby last being the day of the Con- 
vicon of the sevall psons menconed in the Record 
affixed make out our warrants for ye levying of the 
Sevall sumes in the sd Record imposed upon them for 
their offences but have not received any of the said 
forfeitures save the pticuler sumes affixed to the names 
of the psons last above menconed 

Tho. Parker 
Henry Marsden 
Chr. Wilkinson 

[The official Latin document follows but it adds 
nothing new.] 



Jany. 1683-4. 

To the Justices of ye Sessions 

at Lancaster 
I Desire Justice of This 

Bench 

You are ye men ye Law hath provided to determine 
matters Concerning this Act I desire you to take 
Notice of ye abuse rong yt is done to Mee I have 



156 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

been Marryed to my Husband this fourteen years 
& ye King & his Counsell have allowed our Mariage 
as I have It to show in his pardon under ye Broad 
Seal &c. 

And ye Act doth say Expressly yt noe fame Covt/rt l 
shall be fined above los & Contrary to ye words of ye 
Act They have fined Mee 2oli & did make distress 
of above 3oli worth of goods & sold them ye next 
day & would not except of an appeale when It was 
desired And This as wee are Informed by ye Oathes 
of two men ; ye one of them known to be a Sheep 
Stayler ; and ye othr kept Company with a woman 
yt was hanged within this twelv month who confessed 
to Justiss Dodding yt shee had stolen for him seven 
years. 

Now I desire you to take these Things into your 
Consideration why I may not have ye Liberty of my 
Marriage as well as all our ffriends in England beside ; 
& yt I must be made a widow yt they may abuse 
Mee in my credit & reputation & also be ruined in 
my Estate. 

I & my poore ffriends desires Justiss at your hands 
for They prosecute us wth two Acts at one Time ; 
Contrary to ye Express words of ye Act ; & as I am 
Informed delivers out two warrants upon one day 
for two sevall Acts. 

I doe not believe It is ye King s mind to have his 
Subjects ruined. 

MARGRET FOX. 



Ad Genal quar. Ssessionem pacis dni Regis tent p. 
adjorn apud Wigan in Com. Lane. Scill. Octavo die 
Octobris ano Regni. Regis dni Caroli Scdi Angl. 

&C. XXXV. 

Fforasmuch as Richard Beesley of Aughton husb 
and Thomas Harsnep of the same husb with sevall 

1 A feme covert was a married woman who was under the protection 
or cover of her husband. A feme sole was an unmarried woman. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 157 

others stand indyted at the present Sessions ffor that 
they the fowerteenth day of September last at Windle 
in the County of Lancr by force and armes and Un 
lawfully themselves did meete together and assemble 
in a certen unlawfull meeting or Conventicle under 
coulor and ptence of exercise of Religious Worship 
in other manner then according to the liturgie and 
practise of the Church of England to the evill and 
pnitious example of others in contempt of the lawes 
of this realme and Contrary to the forme of the Statute 
in this case made & pvided These are therefore in his 
Matis name straitly to Charg and Comaund you and 
evy of you that you or some of you doe forthwth 
upon receipt hereof take the said Richard Beesley 
and Thomas Harsnep and them furthwith bring 
before some of his Maties Justices of peace of this 
County to find good and sufficient Suerties for there 
and eyther of there psonall appearance att the next 
genall quarter Sessions to bee holden at Wigan after 
Christmas next then and there to answer the pmisses 
and not to depart the Court without lycense and in 
the meane tyme to bee of the good behavior and if 
they or eyther of them refuse soe to doe then to convey 
him or them soe refusing to the Comon Gaole at Lancr 
there to remaine untill he soe refusing will willingly 
doe the same See you ffaile not herein at yor pills. 

[Indecipherable.] 

Kenyon, 
To all Mayors 

Bayliffes Constables 

Subconstables and to 
all other Sworne 
Officers in the 
County of Lane, but 
more especially to 
the Constables of Aughton 
these 



158 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

[Another in the same form date Oct. octavo 

place Wigan] gives " Richard Cubham of Biccur- 
staffe, husb. John Bispham of the same, husb. Godfrey 
Atherton of the same husb. Daniell Bispham of the 
same husb. George Shawe of the same, husb. stand 
indyted with sevall others for that they at Windle 
the fowerteenth day of September last by force & 
armes unlawfully riotously and Routously did meete 
Congregate & assemble in an unlawfull Company 
Conventicle or Meeting c." Ordered to be brought 
before His Majesty Justices to find " good and sufficient 
suerties " for their appearance at the Wigan Sessions 
after Xmas. 

Another same place & time gives " Alexander 
Rylands of Winstanley, husb. Henry Winstanley l of the 
same, husb. and James ffrodsam of the same, husb " 
by force &c " att Windle Sept. 14 last," treated in 
the same way. 

Sr. Liverpool^ igth Januarie, 1683. 

I have herewith sent you a Record of Conviction 
of nine Quakers wch were apprhended at Everton 
and Warrants are issued out for levyeinge of the fines. 
I have alsoe inclosed an appeale wch came hither on 

1 The Winstanleys were connected with the Cubham, Cropper, and 
\Volsey families (vide p. 35, note i). James Winstanley of Winstanley, 
lx>rn " ye 2gth of ye 3rd month in ye year 1651," was brought up in 
the Church of England, but he joined the Quakers about 1688. He 
travelled considerably in the ministry in Cheshire, Yorkshire, and the 
West of England, and died " ye 3rd day of ye 6th month 1723 " at his 
own house in Winstanley, being buried in the Friends burying place 
at Hartshaw, aged 72 years. He married Rebekah Fell, daughter of 
Heskin Fell. 

It is interesting to note that Margaret Cropper, who died in 1841, 
married James Ryley, who was born at Clifton in the Fylde. Tin ir 
son, James Ryley, married Hannah, daughter of George Crosneld of 
Lancaster ; Eliza Ryley, a daughter, married William Crosneld, brother 
of George Crosneld, from whom the Liverpool Crosfields spring ; and a 
son, Thomas Cropper Ryley, married Eleanor, daughter of Ed\\.ir<l 
Dawson, father of the late E. B. Dawson, of Aldcliffe Hall, Lancastt r. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 159 

the 20th day of October last & was shewed to Alderman 
Tarleton who then refused to Act as Justice of peace 
for that his power lasted noe longer then his Maioraltie 
wch ended the i8th October last hee is in Ireland & 
deteyned there by Easterlye winds. 

I have not any Recognizance to returne you ; onely 
two Warrants have beene granted by Mr Mayor the 
one directed to ye Constables of Great Crosby the 
other to ye Constables of West darbye but I heare 
not of their Service. 

Humble Service is the rest from 
Sr your obliged Servant 

Thos. Sandiford. 

[On outside] : ffor my worthie freind Roger Kennion 
Esqr. 

Clarke of ye Peace 
These 

Att Wigan." 

[The document in Latin is faded. The names 
appear to be as follows : William Leigh of Evert on, 
Shoemaker, Griffith Owen of Prescot, Chemist, Thomas 
Hiccocke of - - husbandman, Thomas Harrison de 
Knowsley husbandman William Booth of Knowsley 
husbandman James Laithwaite of Knowsley, Shoe 
maker James Yong of Westdarby, Mason, William 
Buck of Liverpoole, Marriner & Jennet Whitehead als 
Pye de Liverpool Spinster with many others. 

March 28th 1684. 

Latin document containing these names : 

William Gandy of Liverpool yeom. Susana Cleave- 
land of Liverpool, vid. ffrancis Tempest of Liverpool 
vid. Lawrence Myers of Liverpool Mariner Daniel 
Dwarrihouse (?) of Liverpool, joyner, Edwardus Strange 
of Kirkdale, Stonegetter, Jacobus Cheshire of Kirkdale, 
taylor, & Ellen uxor ejus Thomas Cheshire of West- 
darbie, Millwright, Maria Swift of Westdarby vid. 
Maria Robinson of Toxteth parke, vid. Thomas Whit- 



i6o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

field of Toxteth park husbandm. Edwardus Potter of 
Wavertree yeom et Margareta uxor eius & Elizabetha 
Gibbons uxor Robert! Gibbons of Walton husbandm 
cum multis aliis ad numeris vigint trium in house 
of Wm Gandy. 

Deborah Whit field, Georgius Thompson Beniamin 
Millington, Thompson Brownfield should be added 

to list. 

Fines were inflicted. 

1684 (October bundle). 

Ad. Gen. &c. Vicesimo primo die July 1684. 
fforasmuch as John Barnes of Warrington Iremonger 
Alice his wife John Gibson of the same, lynnen webster, 
Elizabeth his wife Hugh Crosley of the same, Grocer 
Gilbt Potter of the same, Grocer, John Chorley of the 
same distiller Ellen his wife Samuel Dunbaben of the 
same, Shoemaker, Elizabeth Barnes of the same Spinster 
Margret Dunbaben of the same spinster Richard 
Holecraft of the same, maulster, Esther his wife Mathias 
ffoster of the same, mercer, willm Crawdson of the 
same husb. Roger Haydock of the same husb. Ellenor 
his wife Thomas Whitwham of the same, grocer, Rebecca 
Whitwham of the same spinster Elizabeth until (?) 
of the same Martha Goomes of the same spinster 
Nathaniell Disbrowe of the same gentl. John Dunbabm 
of the same James Wright of the same & Susan his 
wife stand indyted at this prsent Sessions for that 
they wth sevall others to the [. . .] unknowne by 
force & armes riotously routously and unlawfully at 
Warrington the twentie fifth day of May last them 
selves did come together Congregate and assemble 
under Coulor and ptence of exercise of Religion in 
other manner then according to the liturgie and 
practice of the Church of England to the evill and 
pnitious [example] of others in the like case offending 
in contempt of the laws of this land Contrary to his 
Matie and agt the forme of the Statute. These are 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 161 

therefore in his Matis name straitly to Charg and 
Comand you and evy of you ioyntly and sevally that 
you or some of you doe take all the psons before named 
and them furthwth bring before some of his Matis 
Justices of peace to find good and sufficient suerties 
for their psonall appearance before his Matis Justices 
of the peace at the next Genall quarter Sessions of the 
peace to bee holden at Wigan after Michaelmas next 
then and there to answer the pmisses & from thence 
not to depart the Court without lycense and in the 
mean time to bee of the good behaviour And if they 
or any of them refuse soe to doe then you are to convey 
or cause to bee Conveyed without any further Wart 
him her or them to his Matis Comon. Gaole at Lancr 
there to remaine untill he she or they soe refuseing 
will doe the same. See you faile not herein at yor pill 
(proxy) 

Kenyon. 

To all Mayrs Bayliffs Constables Subconstables & to all 
other his Matis Sworne officers in the said County but 
more especially to the Constables of Warrington & 
to evy of them 

these 



The psent ments of the Constables of Bolton att the 
Quarter Sessions att Manchester the sixtenth day of 
October 1684. 

The high wayes within our towne are in good 
repay re. 

Wee psent 

Mr Roger Thropp \ for 

Mr James Leaver I keeping 

Mr Leaver vicar of Bolton J gray hounds. 

Wee know of none that keepe Guns Spaniels Setting 
dogs or other Engines for destroying of game. 

Wach and ward hath been truly kept and observed. 

The ale houses within our towne are all Licenced 
and keep Good Order. 

I 



162 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Wee know of no Common Drunkards Swearers nor 
Cursers. 

Wee psent Nathaniel Attherton Grocer, Samuel his 
apprentice Esther Worthington, his servant maid ; 
Quakers. 

Also John Ashton and his wife Quakers. 
Also John Sharpies of Bolton husbandman for 
Loytering on ye Lord s day. 
We have no further psent that we know of 

Byers ? 

James Rhodes I Constables 
John Smith J of Bolton. 



Jany. 1684-5. 

Be pleased you Magistrats heare present to See these 
ffollowinge Lines be Read before you. Some time 
agoe I beinge at the Buriall of the wife of my freinde 
Henry Tomlinson of Crosmore in the field in the 
buriall place for that purpose and there Behoulding 
the Lightness and Ariness of Severall present far 
unbecominge Christyons and the more espetially the 
occation of being theire Considered was mayd willinge 
to Reprove them openly and exhort to yt which is 
good, that Sobriety and fruites of Christ yon fforth 
might appeare, ffor which By a warrant from Justice 
Longworth (Soe called) I was apprehended and taken 
before him who Imposed a fine of twentie pounds 
upon mee for preachinge & allsoe forth with by 
Mittimus ordered mee to the house of Correction by 
a Constable theare to remaine untill the next quartr 
Sessions, att which time I was brought before the 
Magsts who tendered the Oaths to mee wch in obadyance 
to Christ s comand I refuseinge to take was for that 
and for Refuseinge to plead to a Certaine Bill of In- 
dictmts (as it is alledged) ordered to the Goale heare 
at lancaster wheare now I remaine prisoner. 

This simple statemt I recomend to yor Serious 
Consideration and have hope you will take notice 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 163 

how Severely I have been dealt withall and grant 
mee my liberty Consideringe (I have hurt, wronged 
nor offered violence to any man. But now truly 
wisheth the good of all men and) that mearly ffor 
Reproveinge vanity and evill and Comendinge 
Sobriety and that wch is good I am not only fined 
(and fines leveyed) but Imprisoned and ordered from 
prison to prison I desire the royall Law may be before 
your eyes that to mee you may doe what you would 
others might doe to you in Like case 
ffrom a prisoner 

yt desireth the 

wellfare 

of all psent 

John Heaton 
the 13 ii month 1684 
called Jenewery 



Lane. Com. 

A Memoriall of the Accompt of the Moneys Menconed 
in the three Sevall Records certified att the quarter 
Sessions of the peace holden att preston on Thursday 
the I5th day of January Anno R Rs. Caroli Scdi Angl. 
&c xxxvi Anoq Dni 1684 by Raph Longworth Esqr 
one of his Majtis Justices of the peace for the said 
County of Lane, forfeited as in the said Record is 
mentioned as followeth : 

Imps att a Conventicle holden att the House of 
John Townson in Out Rawcliffe the 28th day of 
September 1684 the fynes forfeited in yt Record doe 
Amount to twenty and three pounds 23li oo-oo. 

Itm At Another Conventicle holden att a place called 
Brewers yard the 5th day of October 1684 within the 
Towpp of Eccleston pva cu Larbricke there is forfeited 
as in the Record is mentioned the sume of fforty three 
pounds ten shillings 43!! los. ood. 

Itm att another Conventicle holden att the Howse 
of Thomas Tomlinson in Inskipp cu Sowerby the I2th 



164 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

day of November 1684 there is forfeited as in that 
Record is mentioned the sume of 43li los. ood. 

And by a Record certified the same Sessions by 
Alex Rigby Chrofer Parker and the said Raph Long- 
worth Esqrs three of his said Majtis Justices of the 
peace att a Conventicle holden att the House of the 
said John Townson the igth day of October 1684 
theire is forfeited as in that Record is mentioned the 
sume of Twenty fower pounds fnftiene shillings 
24!! 155. ood. 

Toto i34li 155. ood. 

There is pa yd in part into the hands of the said 
Raph Longworth the Sume of flirty Eight pounds, 
the King s 3d pte whereof now paid into the said 
Court of quarter Sessions by the said Raph Longworth 
for his Majtis use comes to iQli 6s. 8d. 

The said Raph Longworth Sayth that warrants 
are (longe since) gone out for levying the sumes above 
menconed But he hath received noe more thereof 
then is above expressed But he is informed that the 
Goods of the Sevall offenders are taken wch remayne 
in the officers hands for want of Buyers. 

Ra Longworth. 
[Records follow.] 

Sessions held at Wigan Jany 19, 1684-5. 

John Barnes Alice his wife & the others mentioned 
in a previous document all of Warrington are to find 
sureties for appearance at next Quarter Sessions to 
be held at Wigan. 

Com. Lane. Ss. 

A memoriall of ye account of ye moneys menconed 
in ye Record Certifyed att ye Quarter Sessions of ye 
peace holden att Wigan for ye Hundreds of Derby 
& Leyland within ye County afforesd. 

On Tuesday being ye 20th day of January Ano Dni 
1684-5 by me Sr. Richard Standish of Duxbury 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 165 

Bartt one of ye King s Matis Justices of ye peace and 
Quor. for ye sd County of Lancaster forfeited (as in 
ye sd Record is menconed) in an assembly holden 
in ye dwelling house of Thomas Holland of heath 
Charnock in ye pish of Standish in ye County afforesd 
under Collure of Exercise of Religion in other maner 
than according to ye Liturgy of ye Church of England 
upon ye ffifteenth day of October Ano Dni. 1684. 

His Matis third part of ye sd forfeitures by ye said 
Justice tendred into ye Court of ye Quarter Sessions 
of ye Peace holden att Wiggan afforesd for ye sd 
Hundreds of Derby and Leyland in ye County afforesd 
Ano 1684-5 an d by appointmt of ye sd Court paid 
to ye Sherife. 

Reed of Jno parre of Exton within ye 
pish of Leyland & County afforesd Cler. 1 ye 
sume of 61i 155. od. being his Matis third li s d 
part of ye sd fforfeiture . . . . 06 15 oo 

ffrom Thomas ffinch of Rivington reced 
the sume of 255, being pd for himself and 
others menconed in ye sd Record his Matis 
third part whereof commeth to . .00 08 04 

ffrom Seth Taylor of Coppull reced ye 
sume of 253. being pd for himself & others 
menconed in ye sd Record his Majtis third 
part whereof cometh to . . . . oo 08 04 



In all . . 07 ii 08 

The sd Sr Richard Standish doth say yt as for ye 
nine forfeited by ye sd Thomas Holland he hath not 
as yet received any pte thereof though he sent out 
his Warrtt of distresse ye first day of November last. 

Jany. the ijth 84/5. 

Then Reed into his Matis Goall att Lane, the Bodyes 
of Henry Hargr eaves Jo. Hargreaves Alice Hargreaves 

1 Vide p. 72, note i. 



166 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Abraham Heyworth Rich. Mather Willm Jackson 
& James Ratclife all comitted By vertue of a warrant 
ffrom Manchester Sessions. 

I say reed the Parsons above sayd ffrom the Coun- 
stabill of Todington, 

By me 

George ffoxcroft. 
Coaler 

Ad Genalim quartrat Session, pacis tent, apud 
Mancestria in Com. pal. Lane. p. Com pd scilt. Die 
Jovis decimo sixto die Octobris Anno R Rs dni Carol! 
scdi Angl &c. xxxvi 1684. 

fforasmuch as Henry Hargreaves of Haslingdin, 
Webster, John Hargreaves of the same, webster, Ann 
Hargreaves of the same Alice Hargreaves of the same 
spinster Elizabeth Hargreaves of the same spinster 
Abraham Heyworth of Rossendale, husb. Richard 
Mather of Ratcliffe, Cloathworker, William Jackson 
of Bury, feltmaker, and James Ratcliffe of Musbury, 
Husb. wth many others Malefactors and Disturbers 
of the Peace to the number of thirtie eight psons att 
Haslingden wth intent the peace of or Sovaigne the 
Kinge to disturbe themselves by force and Armes 
riotously and unlawfully did assemble and congregate 
under Color and ptence of Exercise of Religion in 
other Maner then accordinge to the Lithurgie and 
practice of the Church of England Contrary to the 
forme of the Statute in this case made & pvided to 
the evill example of all others and Contrary to the 
King s peace Theise are therefore in his Matis Name 
strictly to charge & comand you & every of you joyntly 
or severally that you or some of you doe forthwith 
upon receipt hereof take them the said Hen. Hargreaves 
John Hargreaves Anne Hargreaves Alice Hargreaves 
Elizabeth Hargreaves Abraham Heyworth Richard 
Mather William Jackson and James Ratcliffe and 
them forthwith bringe before some of his Matis Justices 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 167 

of the peace to find good and sufficient sureties for 
their and evry of their psonall appearance att the 
next Genall Quarter Sessions to bee holden att 
Manchester after Christmas next then and there to 
answer these Misdemeanors and from thence not to 
dept the Court without Lycense and in the meane 
tyme to bee of the good behavior And yt they or any 
of them refuse soe to doe then you are to convey him 
her or them soe refuseing without expecting any 
further wart to the Comon Goale att Lancr. there 
to remaine untill they will doe the same See you faile 
not herein att your pills. 

Kenyon. 

To all Majors Bayliffes Constables Subconstables 
and to all other his Matis Sworne officers in the sd 
County but especially to the Constables of Haslingden 
and Graves of Rossendale Constables of Ratcliffe 
Bury & Musbury and to every of them These to bee 
sent from one to another. 

Ad. Gen. Oct. 17, 1684. 

fforasmuch as James Ratcliffe of Musbury husband 
man Mary his wife Henry Crooke of Haslingden Cloth- 
worker Nicholas Rawstorne of Altden husbandman 
John Rawstorne of the same Husbandman with many 
others offenders & disturbers of the peace of our 
Soveraigne Lord the Kinge Stands Indited at the 
psent Sessions for that they uppon the Lord s Day 
Comonly Called Sunday at Musbury in the County 
afforesd with intent the peace of our Sovraigne Lord 
the King to disturbe themselves by force & Armes 
Riotously & Routously and unlawfully did assemble 
and come to gather under Colour and ptence of exercise 
of Religion in other maner then accordinge to the 
liturgie and practice of the Church of England & 
Contrary to the fforme of the Statute in this case 
made & pvided to the evill example of others 



168 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Contrary to the King s peace These are therefore in 
his Matis name strictly to Charge & Comand you 
& every of you joyntly & severally that you or some 
of you doe forth with upon receipte hereof take the 
said James Ratcliffe Mary his wife Henry Crooke 
Nicholas Rawstorne and John Rawstorne and them 
forthwith bringe before some of his Matis Justices 
of peace of this County to ffinde good & sufficient 
suerties for theire & every of there psonall appearance 
at the next Genall quarter Sessions of the peace to 
bee holden at Manchester after Christmas next then and 
there to Answer the said Misdemers & not to depart 
the Court without license & in the mene time every 
of them to bee of theire good behavior & if they or 
anie of them refuse soe to doe that then you are without 
expcctinge anie further warrant to Convey or Cause 
them to bee safely Conveyed to the Comon Goale at 
Lancr. there to rcmaine untill they will doe the same 
See you faile not herein at your pill. 

Rodger Kenyon. 

To all Maiors Bayliffes (vera copia) Constables 
Subconstables and to all other Sworne Officers in the 
County of Lane, but more especially to the Constables 
of Musbury, Haslingden & Altden & to any of them. 

these 

Ad Gen. at Ormskirk May. 4, 1685. 

fforasmuch as at a Genall quarter Sessions of the 
peace held at Wigan in January last William Darbe- 
shire the eldr husb. Jeffrey Heaton husb. James 
Barton husb. Peter Winstanley husb. Thomas Lathome 
husb. John Lathome, tanner, Danniell Lyon husb. 
William Heward the elder husb. John Barton, Naylor, 
Lawrence Winstanley the younger husb. John 
Unsworth husb. William Winstanley husb. together 
wth others stand Indicted for that they by force & 
armes & riotously did pull downe a certaine building 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 169 

in Billing called Brownlow Schoole Contrary to the 
peace of or Soveraigne Ld the King & Contrary to the 
forme of the Statute in that case made & pvided These 
are therefore in his Matis name to charge & comand 
you & every of you upon receipt hereof to apphend 
the sevall psons abovemenconed & them bring before 
the next Justice of peace for this County to find 
sufficient suretys for their psonall apparance at the 
next genall quarter Sessions of the peace to be held 
at Ormke to answer the pmisses & in the meantyme 
to be of the good behaviour & not depart the Court 
wthout Lycence & if they or any of them refuse soe 
to doe then you are to Convey them soe refuseing 
to the Comon Gaole at Lancr. there to remaine untill 
they shall willingly doe the same. 
To the Constables of 

Billing. Kenyon. 

these 



Jany. 1685-6. 

Gentlemen, 

St Michaells n Jan. 1685. 

My Collonell Capt. parker and myself e having 
lately sent out our warrt for levying thirteen pounds 
fowertien shillings and Nynepence upon the Goods 
of John Townson of Out Rawcliffe being the remaynder 
of Twenty pounds by him forfeited for suffering a 
Conventicle to bee held in his house And having now 
reed a Scurrilous canting letter from one Weaver a 
quaker of his fraternity reflecting upon Majestracy 
and he liveing in Lancr I thought good to send it to 
you att yr Sessions desireing you (if you thinke it fitt) 
to send for him before you & to make him fynd suerties 
for his good behavioyr or otherwise to deale wth him 
as in yor Judgmts you shall deeme it convenient I 
shall noe further trouble yor more serious affaires, 
only assuring you you may easily comand the like 



170 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

from the other two Gent, concerned and soe subscribe 
myselfe 

Gent. 

yor reall freend 
& most humble 
Servt. 

Ra. Longworth. 
If the concerne 
My good friend 
Mr. Mayor of Lancr. 
I know heele doe 
what you think 
fitt therein. 

Lo. ffreinds 

My occasions being last weeke to Poolton there 
light of a report of ye [torn] had caused to be taken 
from John Towlnson of Rawcliffe as many [torn] to 
ye value of 2oli for wch I was heartily sorry yt yu 
should concerne youselfe in persecuteing an innocent 
people for mattr of Conscience or wpp of God You 
may read ye end of Haman in takeing ye occasion 
against Mordecai & how God Chastised Nebukadnezer 
yt great King for afflicting God s chosen people & 
many more Examples in ye holy Scripture which were 
written for our Examples & learning, ffor persecution 
is dishonourable & hath been in all ages & is now in 
our day & ye persecucon [torn] will be recorded as 
theirs yt have gone before you which will be [torn] 
strucke & a reproach to you as long as yu live & yr 
posterity after [torn]. You exceed all ye Justices of 
Peace in all our Country at this very Juncture of time 
when it hath pleased our Gratious Prince to pass by 
such offences It were well considered of yu to send 
to your Neighbour his goods againe before they be 
sould & doe as you would be done unto. You would 
thinke it hard to be dealt Soe with which is certaine 
that with what measure yu mete it shall be measured 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 171 

to yu againe If wee must believe our Saviour s words. 
I shall not be tedious but pray to God to turne yr 
hearte & open your eyes that you may doe yt wch is 
well pleasing to God which is your duty I had a desire 
to come by your house, but time would not permitt 
mee ffare you well, I am 

Yor ffriend & Servt 
yt hath God s Chastizements & 
there-ffore warn you. 

William Weaver. 
Lancr. 
January 
ye 4, 1685-6. 

[Outside.] 

ffor 

his honoured ffreind Justice 
Longworth neare St. 
Michaels Church 
These deliver 

To be left at Richard 
Roe s in Garstange to 
be sent as above directed 
with care & speed 
I pray. 

Att the Generall Quarter Sessions of ye peace holden 
att Preston the I4th day of January Ano R Rs Jacobis 
Scdi Angl. primo Anoq Dni. 1685. Received fines 
from the quakers att their sevall Conventicles holden 
within the parish of St. Michaells the sume of Seaventien 
pounds Nyne shillings and six pence. 

The King s third pte whereof now paid") 1. s. d. 
into the said Court of quarter Sessions is . [ 05 16 6 
By me J 

Ra. Longworth. 

Memorand. That upon the Twentieth day of 
July Instant And in the first yeare of the Reigne of 



172 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

or Soveraigne Lord James the Second by the Grace 
of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King 
Defendr of the faith &c Robert Chadwick of Man 
chester in the said County of Lancr Clarke And John 
Hall of Manchester Aforesaid Appothecary Came 
before me George Halsted Esqr 0113 of his Majestis 
Justices of Peace for the said County and tooke their 
Corporall Oathes before me According to the forme 
of an Act of Parliamt Intituled an Act to prevent 
and Suppresse Seditious Conventicles That James 
Wilde Isaac Mosse Senr. Mary Gartside Widdow 
Nathaniell Eaton Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr Mary 
Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and Elizabeth Moore All 
of Manchester in the County aforesaid And John 
Eckles Late of London All and Every of them being 
of the Age of Sixtiene yeares and upwards And subjects 
of this Realme were on Sunday the Twelfth day of 
July last past Assembled and present In the Mancon 
house of Ralph Ridgway of Manchester aforesaid Hosier 
at an Unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or meeting 
under ptence of Religious Worshippe In other maner 
than According to the Lyturgy and practice of the 
Church of England Contrary to the Act aforesaid 
Whereupon the said Justice doe adjudge the said 
Ralph Ridgeway Convict for Willingly and voluntarily 
suffering the said Conventicle or Unlawfull meeting 
to be held in his house aforesaid Contrary to the forme 
of the Statute aforesaid And doe therefore Impose 
upon him the fine of Twenty pounds According to the 
said Act And I doe Likewise declare and adjudge 
the said other Offenders Convict for their unlawfull 
assembling and being present at the said unlawfull 
Conventicle meeting or Assembly And doe Impose 
upon them the Severall fines hereafter Sett upon 
them (to witt) upon the said Mary Wattson and John 
Eckles the Severall fynes of five shillings A peece being 
the first time (for aught appears to me) of their Con 
viction for the said offence And upon the said James 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 173 

Wilde Issaac Mose scnr. Mary Gartside, Nathaniell 
Eaton Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr Elizabeth Moncke 
and Elizabeth Moore the Severall fynes of Tenne 
Shillings A peece for their said offence being the second 
time or more of their Conviction And for that in my 
Judgement I doe thinke that the said James Wilde 
Mary Gartside Mary Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and 
John Eckles poore and unable to pay the severall 
fynes Imposed upon them for there said offences 
as aforesaid I doe therefore adjudge them to be Levyed 
in manner and forme following That is to say the 
fynes of James Wilde and Mary Gartside to be Leveyed 
upon the Goods and Chattells of the said Nathaniell 
Eaton over and besides his owne fyne And the fynes 
of Mary Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and John Eckles 
to be leveyed upon the goods and Chattells of the 
said Isaac Mosse senr over and besides his owne ffyne 
And for that Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr is A fame 
Covert Cohabiting with her Husband I doe therefore 
Adjudge her said fyne to be Leveyed upon the Goods 
and Chattells of the said Husband. In Testimony 
whereof I the said George Halsted have Hereunto Sett 
my hand and Seale the day and yeare first above written. 

George Halsted. 
April xxii 1686. 

James Critchlowe informs against Jane Rootledge 
of Manchester Joseph Houghton Roger Chadwick 
Roger fHetcher Ellis Sweetelove Robert Nicholson 
Nathaniel Sefton Thomas Bradshaw William Horrockes 
and Richard Surges for " offences layed or menconed 
to bee layed in the Informacon upon the penall Lawes 
of this Kingdome." No further information given 
and offences were committed March 10. 1685-6. 

1686. 
Lane. Ss. 

The Evidence Concerning the Convicon of Thomas 
Skerrow of the Cross in Wray yeoman for his wittingly 



174 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

and willingly suffering an unlawfull assembly meeting 
or Conventicle in his dwelling house at Wray afforesd 
upon Sunday the nth day of July 1686 as followeth 

Andrew Brown of Hornby in ye County of Lancr. 
yeoman beeing sworne and examined saith that upon 
Saturday the loth day of July 1686 this Examinant 
did Informe mee Thomas Lord Morley and Mount- 
eagle Baron of Rye one of his Matis Justices of the 
peace and quoru. for the said County that hee this 
examinant did believe that upon the day following 
beeing Sunday ye nth of ye sd month of July last 
past there would bee an assembly meeting or Con 
venticle held at the dwelling house of the sd Tho. 
Skerrow of ye Cross under Colour of Exercise of religion 
in other maner then according to the Liturgy and 
practice of the Church of England whereupon this 
Examinant by vertue of a warrant under the hand and 
Scale of the said Justice to this Examinant ye Con 
stable of Wray and others directed in yt behalfe for 
suppressing the same upon the said Sunday this 
Examinant did repaire to Wray afforesd But hee not 
finding the said Constable at home when hee came 
first thither upon his owne accord went into ye dwelling 
house of the said Thomas Skerrow to search for such 
Conventicle where he this Examinant saith yt then 
and there hee found assembled as afforesaid one 
Marmaduke Tatham Tho Skerrow, Tylers, Alice ye 
wife of Thomas Skerrow at Nooke and others to ye 
Number of ffowerty psons & upwards Over and besides 
ye said Thomas Skerrow de Cross and them of ye 
household of ye said Thomas Skerrow of the Cross 
whose names this Examinant doth not know. 

Christopher Skerrow of Wray afforesaid yeoman & 
Constable of Wray afforesaid being sworne & examined 
as to the pmisses saith yt upon Sunday ye nth of 
July last past being the Lord s day about one of the 
Clocke in the afternoon of the same day hee this 
Examinant being come home to his owne house in 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 175 

Wray afforesaid from Divine Service att Hornby 
Chappell the said Andrew Brown did come to him and 
acquaint him that hee had been at Tho. Skerrow s 
house of the Cross by vertue of the sd Justice his 
Warrt where hee had found a great number of people 
in a Conventicle assembled and by vertue of this Ex- 
aminant office and of ye said Warrant this Examinant 
did furthwth repaire to ye said house together with 
the said Andrew to suppress the said Conventicle. 
But before they cold come to ye said house hee ye sd 
Examinant and ye said Andrew Brown pceived the 
said Conventicle to bee broaken up for yt this Ex 
aminant and the said Andrew Brown did see to ye 
Number of ffowerty psons & upwards coming out of 
[rubbed out] house of the said Thomas Skerrow de 
Cross and about the doores and forefront thereof 
the psons before menconed together [torn] Robt. 
Glovers being pell [parcel] of the Number afforesaid. 
And the rest of the said psons ye said Examinant 
knows not but hee beleeves yt they had met under 
Colour of Exercise of religion in other maner then 
according to ye Lyturgy and practice of the Church 
of England and yt afterwards hee this Examinant 
saith yt hee heard ye said Robt Glovers confess to 
ye meeting afforesaid And that the said Robt. Glovers 
did say further what a blind Rouge or blind tyke 
was yt Andrew Brown yt cold not see him ye said 
Robt. sitting upon a Sconne (?) in ye said house at this 
said meeting upon the said nth of July last. 

The Evidence and Examinacon abovesd taken 
before mee the 4th day of October 1686 as Witness 
my hand & Seale 

Morley & Monteagle. 
Lane. Sss. 

A Memoriall of the Accompts of the moneys menconed 
in the Record certified at the Quarter Sessions of the 
peace holden at Lancaster for the said County of 
Lancaster upon Tuesday the Thirtieth day of July 



176 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

last past by the Right Honorable Thomas Lord Morley 
and Mounteagle Baron of Rye one of his Matis Justices 
of the peace & Quor. for the said County forfeited (as 
in the said Record is menconed) in & by an Assembly 
holden in and about the dwelling House of Thomas 
Skerrow of the Cross in Wray in the parish of Mellin 
and County afforesaid Under Colour of Religion in 
other Maner then according to the Liturgy of the 
Church of England upon Sunday the Elleaventh day 
of July last past Ano dni 1686. 

His Matis third part of the said (forfeitures by the 
said Justice tendered into the Corte of the Genall 
Sessions of the peace holden for the said County at 
Lancaster afforesaid upon Tuesday the ffifth day of 
October Anno Dni 1686 And by the appointmt of ye 
same by the said Justice payd to ye Clerke of ye peace 
& by him payd over to Mr. Pigott under Sherriffe of 
the said County to his Matis use vizt. 

Thomas Skerrow Tylr xxd. 

Marmaduke Tat ham xxd. 

and [blank] xxd. 
Thomae Skerrow de 

Nooke xxd. 

All which was Levied & 

payd to the said Justice 

since the last Generall 

Quarter Sessions of the 

peace holden for the 

said County at Lancaster 

afforesaid vizt. xiij die 

July Ano dni 1686 

Sum Total. vjs. viijd. 

And as concerning the money in the said Record 
Menconed to bee payable by the above said Thomas 
Skerrow of the Cross & his Matis Third part thereof 
cometh to six pounds Thirteen shillings & ffower 
pence The said Justice saith that hee did upon the 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 177 

Elleaventh day of July last past (being the day of 
the Convicon of the psons afforesaid for their offences 
in the said Record Menconed) make out his warrant 
for levieing thereof And the sume by vertue thereof 
was levied & payd to the afforesaid Justice But the 
said Thomas Skerrow of the Cross hath thereupon 
appealed from the said Justice to the Judgement 
of the Justices of this psent Genall Quarter Sessions 
of the peace held at Lancaster And further Concerning 
the forfeiture of the said Six pounds Thirteen shillings 
& fower pence the said Thomas Lord Morley & Mount- 
eagle cannot say till the said appeale bee tried And 
as Concerning the rest of the psons menconed in the 
said Record to bee unknown They nor any of them 
are as yet to the said Justice discovered Although 
the said Justice hath made diligent Inquiry for the 
discovery of them. 

Morley & Mount eagle. 

[The Memorandum to the Skerrow document is in 
Latin, somewhat torn, and contains nothing fresh.] 

1687 (My). 

A Request to you his Majestis Justices ffor the peace 
within this hundred of Darby. 

Whereas Severall goods by warrt ffrom Richard 
Atherton Peter Bould & John Entwisle to ye Con 
stables of Windle in the parish of prescot ware Seazed 
for a fine of 2oli upon ye Con vent ic. Act by Henry 
Darbishire Constable &c which sd goods wee have 
a Seduall of togather with a Coppie of ye warrt to 
present to you if Seen fit so far as wee can pceive wear 
not disposed of as yt law provids viz 3d to the Kinge 
3d to ye poore & 3d to ye Informars but ware left 
in ye Custody of Will Heyes of Hartshaw within Windle 
Inkeeper who hath lent part of the sd goods to some 
of us (durant placet) [during pleasure]. 

But ye remaindr wee know not Certainly whats 
done with. 



178 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Bee pleased yt Henry Darbishire now balife of ye 
hundreth be examined concerning the sd goods Bee 
pleased as the Kinge hath been soe kind to remt ffines 
upon ye Conventicle Act tho retorned into the ex- 
cheqr since the time of his Raigne to grant yor ordr 
upon Henry Darbishire & William Heyes ffor ye 
Restatution of ye sd goods. 

To yor well wishing 
George Shaw 

1 8th instant Richard Cubban 

5mo 1687. Godfrey Atherton 

John Haydock. 
(Those pties that levyed 
or have the goods to 
give an account 
of them) 

Com. Lane. 

George Shaw of Bicurstaff in ye County of Lane, 
yeoman hath been formerly convicted for his being 
psent at an assembly under Couler & ptence of ye 
exercise of religion in other manner than according 
to the liturgy & practice of ye Church of England in 
a certaine stone building neer St. Hellens Chappell 
in Windle called ye Quakers meeting house & was 
at ye same time also convicted as owner of the same 
house for wilfull & wittingly pmitting the sd assembly 
& conventicle in ye same house for wch he was fined 
ye sum of 2oli which hitherto could not or has not 
been neclected to be levyed And beeing now further 
informed by ye Confession of Roger Taylor inhabiting 
in ye sd house yt he farmeth ye same house from ye 
said George Shaw wherein upon our owne view wee 
do find Severall formes tables & wainscotes in ye 
possession of ye sd owner These are therefore to will 
& require you & in his Matis name strictly to charge 
& comand yu imediately upon receipt hereof to enter 
into ye sd stone building & upon rcfusall to open the 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 179 

doores thereof that you break open & enter thereinto 
& upon ye sd formes Tables & Waniscots then & there 
found you levy the sd sume of 2oli by distresse & 
Sale of ye sd goods & return ye same together with 
this pcept to us or any one of us to be distributed 
according to law. Given under our hands & Scales 
at Windle the first day of December in the 36th yeare 
of ye Raigne of our Sovraigne Lord King Charles ye 
2d by ye grace of God over Eng. &c Ano Dom. 1684. 

R. Atherton 
P. Bold 
J. Entwisle 
To all & every ye 
Constables Churchwardens 
& Overseers of ye Poore 
within the parish 
of Prescote & especially 
to ye Constables of Windle 
& every one of them these. 

Deceb. 6th (84). 

Goods seized by Vertue of Warrt being taken in 
the Quakers building in Hartshaw within Windle 
in Prescote Parrish as followeth : 

s. d. 

Imps Twenty fforms . .200 

It. Twelve window lidds .140 

It. One joyse . . .006 

It. Six half inch boards .026 

It. one whole board . .006 

It. Ten peices of board .006 

It. Three Doores . .0160 

It. Two Tables . . .100 

It. Latts . . . .006 

It. nayles gudions & paper .008 



Tota 552 



i8o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Valued by us ye day & 

yeare above said 
William ffisher 
William Heyes 
Peter Roughley 
Samuel Clarke Vera Copia 

[Outside this document as follows]: 

Coppy of want & Inventory 

of ye goods taken out of 

meeting house in Hartshaw. 

Upon the Complaint of Peter Robinson ffarmer of 
the Great Tythes ariseing within the Townships of 
Newton Cum Scales in the Sa County James Hall 
and William Brown both of ffrickleton in the County 
aforesa Quakers were by warrant under our hands and 
Scales this day Convened before us here of his Maties 
Justices of the Peace for this County for refusing to 
pay or compound for theer Great Tythes already 
arisen and become due within the Said Townships of 
Newton Cu Scales And it appearing unto us upon the 
Examination of Severale Wittnesses upon both in ye 
prsence und hearing of the said Quakers that the Tythe 
or Furth part of all the Come and Graine of the Said 
James Hall and William Brown Respond in Newton 
Cum Scales aforesd in the months of September and 
October last have consisted of six thraves and six 
sheaves of Oatt of the value of one pound and fowr 
shillings one thrave and six sheaves of Barley of the 
value of two shillings and six pence ffive thraves and 
twenty sheaves of Bran of the value of fourteen shillings 
which in all amounts to the sume of ffortie shillings and 
six pence which said Tythes they the sd Quakers have 
subtracted and Refused to pay or Compound for Wee 
do therefore hereby declare the said Sume of ffortie 
shillings and six pence to be due unto the said ffarmer 
as a Reasonable allowance for the said Tythes And 
do order them the said James Hall & William Bmwn 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 181 

furthwth upon sight hereof to pay the Same unto him 
the said Peter Robinson And if they neglect or refuse 
so to do and furthwith to Enter their Appeal against 
the above written Judgment or Order Then you are 
hereby authorizd and Requrred to Levy the said 
Sume of ffortie shillings and six pence by distress and 
Sale of the Goods and Chattells of the said Quakers 
and make payment thereof to the said Peter Robinson 
Rendring to the sd Quakers the Overplus if any be 
after the said Sale & payment necessary charges of 
distraining being therrout first deducted and by us 
allowed and for your so doing this shall be your 
sufficient warrant Given under our hands and -Seals 
at Preston the Eleventh day of November Ano M, 
Domini with certif . Angl. and unidecimo Anoqr Domini 
1699. 

To the Constables of Edw. Rigbye. 

ffrickleton. Jo. Walmesley. 

Confirmed on leaving 
twenty shillings costs. 

(3) BUILDINGS REGISTERED 

The following are from the Kenyon MSS. and give 
the Registrations in 1689 : 

Meeting Houses for Quakers within this county, 
certified and recorded, viz : 
A house in Lancaster 
William Higginson s house of Yelland. 
Thomas Wither s house of Kellet. 
A house att Marsden. 
A house in the forrest of Rossendale. 
A house in Ouldham parish. 
John Townson s house in Ratcliffe 
William Eccleston s house in Great Singleton. 
Lawrence Coulborne s house of Freckleton. 
Alexander Sailesbury s house at Wediker. 
John Procter s house of Dunishaw. 



182 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

A house att Penketh in Prescott parish. 

A house att Hartshaw in the same parish. 

A house att Buccurstaff in Ormskirk parish. 

One roome in Manchester. 

James Jamson s house in Preston. 

Mathew Read s house in Mitton parish. 

Thomas Dilworth s house of Bradley. 

Certified by Henry Coward. 

Swarthmore Hall 

A new building upon Swarthmore. 

Colt House in Hawkeshead parish. 

George Benson s house at Stangend in Hawkeshead 
parish. 

The Height in Newton in Cartmell parish. 

John GurnelTs house att Spooner Close in Hawkes 
head parish. 

James Harrison s house att Collingfield in Cartmell 
parish. Certified by Leonard Fell. 

A chamber belonging to Ralph Ridgeway at the 
upper end of the Smithy Doore in Manchester. 

Henry Janney s house in Heaton Norris. 
Certified by James Stretell 

Job Owen. 

[Hist. MSS. Report. i2th Appendix, Part VII., 
pp. 230, 231.] 



The following are again from the Sessions Records. 

Petitions 1691. 

At Lane. April 1691. 

Thomas Holline of Flookburrough for himself & 
others a Congregation of Quakers intends his own 
dwelling as a meeting place. 

Allo. [allowed] April 21, 1691. 

January 18 1691-2 at Wigan.* 

Ellis Makant of Abram in the County of Lancr 
on behalfe and by appointmt of Mrs Abigaill Crook 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 



183 



& the rest of a Congregation of protestants dissenting 
from the Church of England according to a Statute 
made in the first yeare of theire now Majis raigne 
doth certifye that ye now dwelling house of Mrs Abigail 
Crook in Abram comonly called the hall of Abram 
is appointed a meeting place for religious worshipp 
and humbly offered to this Court to be enrolled for 
that purpose. 

Ellis Makant. 

allowed 

gone out 

These are to Certifie their Matis Justices of the 
peace in their Generall Quarter Sessions for the County 
Palatine of Lancr. held att Wiggan in the said County 
the igth of January in the third yeare of their Matis 
Raigne that a Certaine building of Sibill Barnes in 
Sutton is Intended for a place to worshipp god in by 
their Matis protestant subjects dissenting from the 
Church of England and for their Indemnity according 
to the late Act of Parliamt Entituled an Act for Ex 
empting their protestant subjects dissenting from the 
Church of England from the penaltyes of Certaine 
Laws & desire the same may be recorded by the Clerk 
of the peace accordingly and a Certificate thereof 
given to Edward Barnes 

Alowed. 

In the same place & at the same date, William 
Crosby certifies that " a certaine Barne in Hardshaw 
belonging to John Naylor is Intended for a place " 
to worship God for Protestants dissenting &c. 
allowed 

In the same place & at the same time James 
Kenyon certifies that " a Certaine barne of George 
Shaw in Hardshaw " is intended to be a place to 
worship God for Protestants dissenting &c. 
Allowed. 



i8 4 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1692. 

Preston, April 7, 1692. 

Henry Cossenton within the Township of Colne, 
Woollen Webster, humbly prayse that his new dwelling 
house in the Townshipp of Colne may be recorded 
as a meeting place for Protestants dissenting from 
the Church of England. 

Henry Cossenton 

Comitted his X Marke. 

At Manchester, April 14, 1692. 

House of John ffildes now in the possession of 
Widdow Greens in Eccles is intended for a place of 
Worship for Protestants dissenting &c. 

John ffildes 

Granted. 
Jan. 10, 1692-3. 

House of Robert Hubarsty of Yelland for an assembly 
of Quakers 

Lancaster fourth day of October, 1692. 

^ John Carrington, 1 Clerk, in behalf of himself & a 
Congregation of dissenting protestants doth Certify ye 
house of William Lindow of Topin Krags in Newland 
Jlverstone & ye house of James Towers of 
Bandrick head in furnessfells for meeting places to 
be for Protestant Dissenters and desires yt ye sd 
houses may be recorded accordingly 

John Carrington 
Wm Bonds of Tatham 

allowed 

[Pen run through " James Towers to ffurnacefells." 
I imagine that Wm. Bonds was substituted.] 

1 John Carrington was the Nonconformist minister of Lancaster. 
He was educated at Frankland s Academy, and died in March 1700-1, 
at the age of 48 years. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 185 

At Wigan, fan. 16, 1692-3. 

The following houses licensed for Quaker worship : 
Tristram Jackson in Leverpoole Marriner 
Robert Haydock in Leverpoole Merchant 
Jonathan Rigby of Blackrode 
James ffletcher of Knowsley Agricos. 
James Winstanley of Winstanley Yeom. 
John Haydock of Coppull Yeoman 
Heskin ffell of Coppull. Linen webster 
Hugh Low of Haigh Yeoman 
Godfrey Atherton of Bickersteth Yeom. 

(Signed Jonathan Rigbie 
Tristram Jackson.) 

And we do also desire that a certaine parcell of 
Inclosed ground called the Quakers burying place in 
Bickersteth and another certain parcell of Inclosed 
ground called ye Quakers burying place in Langtree 
may be recorded for places to bury their dead and 
likewise for publique worp of god 

Jonathan Rigbie 
Tristram Jackson 
Allowed. 

At Manchester, fan. 19, 1692-3. 

Ralph Ridgway of Manchester desires that the 
house where hee now liveth may bee recorded ffor 
a meeting place of Quakers. Ralph Ridgway also 
applies for Burial place within Mane, to be recorded 
for Burial place for Quakers. 

Similarly the house of James Strettall in Manchester 
for an assembly of Quakers. 

The following appear without definite date, but they 
belong to this year : 

Mr John Chorleton 1 

1 John Chorlton, Nonconformist minister of Manchester. He con 
ducted an Academy for some years, and died on March i6th, 1705. 



186 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Mr Sam. Eyton l 

Mr Hen. Newcome 2 

Mr Tho. Butterworth 

Mr Edw. Siddall 

Mr Franc. Meadowcroft 
The Mr Tho. Warburton 
houses Tho. Ivins To be 

of Ann Unsworth recorded 

Mr Andrewe Wyke 

Mr John Gathorne 

Mr Joseph Barlowe 

Mr Robt Chadwick. 

Marth. Taylor, Widdowe 

John Leeds 

Natt. Gastrells 

Allowed. 

Manchester, Oct. 13, 1692. 

The house of Mary Penerton (?) of Warrington 
Widdowe a meeting house for dissenters 

Tho. Jackson. 
Recorded. 
1693. 
Preston, Jany. II, 1693. 

House of Wm Cardwell senior of Barton the place 
where he now lives as meeting place for Protestant 
Dissenters. 

Rich. Cardwell. 
Allowed. 

At Preston, Oct. 5, 1693. 

Parcel of ground in ffreckleton called Gualfoloing (?) 

1 Samuel Eaton, the son of Robert Eaton, M.A., who was resident in 
Manchester. He was assistant and afterwards successor to his father 
at Stand Chapel. 

Henry Newcomc, M.A., the distinguished Nonconformist minister of 
Manchester. He was ejected there in 1662, but he continued to serve 
such as would risk imprisonment and suffering along with h 
He died on Sept. ijth, 1693, at the age of 68 years. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 187 

intended for meeting place for Quakers & Burial 
ground. 

James Aston 
Registered X 

his marke 
This Court will not record it. 

Preston, July 13, 1693. 

John Cartmell in Neatby, place where now lives, 
as a meeting place for Quakers. 
Allowed. 

1694. 

Preston, January 17, 1694. 

Christ. Duckworth in Samlesbury petitions for his 
dwelling house to be a meeting place for Quakers. 
Allowed. 

Same date at Preston 

William Hall in Grimsargh petitions for his dwelling 
house to be a meeting place for Quakers. 

At Ormeskirk, July 16, 1694. 

The house of Henry Mercer of Kirby the place where 
he now lives is desired to be recorded for a meeting 
place for an assembly of protestants dissenting from the 
Church of England and humbly desires the same may 
be recorded accordingly Henry Mercer 

allowed. 
1695. 

These are to Certifie his Majesties Justices of the 
Peace in their Generall quarter Sessions held for the 
County Pallatyne of Lancaster att Ormeschurch in the 
said County that a certaine Barne of Margret Lath- 
waite Spinster in or near the Scowe within Wiggan 
in the said County is Intended for a place of Religious 
Worshipp for his Majesties Protestant Subjects Dis 
senting from the Church of England to worship God 
in And for their indemnity according to a late Act 



188 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

of Parliament Intytled an Act for exempting their 
Majesties Protestant Subjects Dissenting from the 
Church of England from the penaltys of Certaine 
lawes to Desire the same may be recorded by the 
Clarke of the Peace this psent nynth day of Aprill 
in the Seventh year of his Majesties Raigne Anoque 
Domi 1695 and a Certificate thereof given to 

John Green 
Recorded. 

Nathan Lomax of Oldham Lane in the pish of 
Ouldham 

Recorded for a meeting place for Quakers. 
John Lomax house in Worseley 

Recorded for a house for Dissenters. 

1697. 

The house of John Leadbeater of Bury ordered to be 
recorded 

Preston, April 16, 1697. 

The house of John Hartley of Grymshaw in Cleviger 
a meeting place for dissenters allowed. 

John Hartley. 
O. Greenfield 

1698. 

Manchester, 21 July, 1698. 

Petition of Henry Ryles of Oldham for his dwelling 
house to be a Quaker meeting place 

recorded 

Preston, May 5, 1698. 

Petition of Richard Cardwell of Barton for his 
dwelling house to be a meeting place for Dissenters. 
Recorded. Ric. Cardwdl 






THE WITNESSING FACTS 189 

1700. 

Preston, Jany. 16, 1700. 

The humble peticon of Roger Whalley of Blackburn 
Sheweth 

That whereas by a late Act of Parliamt entituled 
an Act for exempting protest ant Subjects dissenting 
from the Church of England from the penalties of 
Certaine lawes the places of such meeting are required 
to be certifyed to their quarter Sess &c. 

In obedience of which the house of Chrofer Lee of 
Habergham Eaves is intended for a meeting place or 
an assembly of protestant dissenters & therefore 
yor petr. prays the same may be recorded for that 
purpose pursuant to the sd Act. 

Rogr Whalley 
Allow & to be recorded. 

Wigan, Jan. 20, 1700. 

Peticon of Jonathan Swift of Warrington for house 
of Samuell Horton in Warrington to be certified a 
meeting place for protestant dissenters 

Recorded. Jon. Swift. 

Preston. 

House of Henry Birtwisle of Rosendale certified 
for a meeting place for Protestant Dissenters. 

House of Nathan Heyworth of Bent Yate in 
Haslingden, do. 

House of Henry Veepon of Briercliffe, do. 

House of John Baldwin of Old Laund in Pendle, do. 

[All these made out in same style and hand with 
no signatures, dates, or note of being recorded.] 

1701. 

William Hall desires his house called Eastertree 
within ye Township of Whalley may be recorded 
for a meeting place for Protestant Dissenters. 



QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Wigan, Jan. 19, 1701. 

Petition of Henry Molyneux of Liverpool that the 
house of James Laithwaite of Knowsley \vith his 
consent be a meeting place for Quakers. 

allowed. 

Wigan, Jan. 18, 1701-2. 

The petition of Hugh Lowe one of the people called 
Quakers that the house of Abigail Griffeth of Wavertree 
with her consent be a meeting place for Quakers 

allowed. Hugh Lowe 

The house of Katherine Siddall widdow in Ardwick 
allowed. 

Robt Cragg of Cheetham for a meeting house. 
Nathaniell Snow of Salford for a meeting house 

1702. 

Preston, Oct. 8, 1702. 

Petition of Thomas Farneley of Thorneley a certaine 
Ediffice or building lying in Thorneley belonging to 
Petitioner for a meeting place for Quakers. 

Likewise the house of Joshua Procter of Haighton 
a Quaker. 

Both allowed. 

Petition of Abigaill Griffith of Wavertree her dwelling 
house be a meeting place for Quaker. 
Nothing 

1703- 

Manchester, July 22, 1703. 

Nehemiah Lowe petitions for the house of Jn. Hall 
in Whitfield within Crompton to be a meeting place 
for Quakers. 

Recorded. Nehemiah Low. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 191 

1704. 

A certaine building in Wray newly erected & desired 
to be recorded for a meeting place for Quakers. 
Belonging to 

Thomas Skerrow ffrancis Glover, 

and Robert 
Glover. Allowed. 



1705- 

Lancaster, Oct. 12, 1705. 

In pursuance of which Act your petitioner James 
Roanson of Cawseyend within Dalton humbly Desires 
his dwelling house may be Licensed for a meeting place 
ffor Quakers according to ye Act. 

James x Roanson 

allowed. his marke. 



Manchester, Jan. 24, 1705. 

Robert Lowe of Houghton within the Towneshipp 
of Withington petitions that a certaine building in 
Houghton belonging to your petitioner may be re 
corded a meeting place for persons dissenting &c. 

allowed. Robert Lowe. 



1706. 

Preston, Jan. 1706. 

Petition of James Fisher of Habergham Eaves for 
his dwelling house to be certified as a place of worship 
for Protestant Dissenters 

recorded. James ffisher. 

Mane. Sessions, Jan. the 2^rd, 1706. 

The house of Roger Worthington in Salford for a 
meeting house for dissenters being protestants. 



IQ2 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1708. 

Preston, October 7, 1708. 

Petition of Thomas Abbot of Alston in Hothersall & 
Robert his son that the dwelling house of the Petitioners 
be recorded as a meeting place for Quakers 

rec rded. Thomas Abbatt 

The 2 after Places to be recorded for the Qua to 
meet in 

The Dwelling house with outhouses & ground ad 
joining of Wm. Ellisons in Brindle for a Meeting Place 
for the People Calld Qua to worshipp God In & the 
Dwelling house with Outhouseings & Ground Adjoining 
of Robt. Karshaw in the Townshipp of Butterworth 
& County of Lankester for the same Sarviss 
Recorded. 

Com. Lane. 

George Braithwaite of Hawkeshead in the sd County 
Maketh Oath that hee this depon. was requested by 
William Dennysen of Watersyde neare Hawkeshead 
aforesd to goe to Lancr and Petition the Court of 
Qur Sessions Holden for ye County Pal. of Lane on 
behalfe of the sd William Dennysen to have a certaine 
house att Hawkeshead hill belonging to the sd William 
Dennyson recorded ffor a meeting place ffor an assembly 
of Protestants dissenting from the Church of England 
and that the sd William Dennyson att the same time 
did give his ffree Consent thereunto and desired that 
the same might bee recorded accordingly and further 
saith not 

George Braithwaite. 
Jur. in Cur. 

ii Januar Recorded 
1708/9. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 193 

1709. Kirkham. jber 1709. 

Right Wpfull 

I did give in & gott filled the other 
Sessions a Petition, against the Lycenceing any 
Quakers meeting places in Clifton or Greeno ; yet att 
Clifton they doe meet & draw people about them after 
a very unchristian like maner & for Greeno I hear 
they have been moveing tho they have noe Quaker 
yet near this place. But a great deall of Negligent 
ignorant & poor people as likely to be Corrupted as 
any where in this great pish, I pray Consider (I doe 
not say what you doe) but what you suffer. 

venit judex Liberavi Animam 

Dix. animas. 
This comes from 

Your worships in all ways of Duty 
whilst 

Rd. Clegge l 

Let the Clarke of the peace be cautioned at the 
entreaty of Tho Rigby. 

[The writing is Clegg s except Rigby s note.] 
Endorsed ffor her Majesties 

Justices of the Peace at Preston 
This is with 
Dutifull 
Respects. 

Wm. Blackleach of Romsgreave humbly desires his 
dwelling house may be recorded ffor a meeting place 
for Quakers &c. 

Granted. 

1 Richard Clegg, M.A., who was educated at Oxford, was instituted 
to the living at Kirkham on June 20, 1666. He held it until his death 
in 1720. He was most aggressive in his persecution of Noncon 
formists of every kind in his parish, and many interesting stories of his 
encounters with Cuthbert Harrison, the Els wick Minister, are still 
current in the neighbourhood. 

N 



194 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1710. Houses to be recorded for meeting places 
for the people called Quakers. 

Wm. Eccleston house at Cornah row in Kirkham 
Parish in the nld. 

Henry Flemings house of Poult on in the ffild. 
James Goff senr. his house in Garstang. 
Jno. Lees senr. near Oldham in the Parrish of Oldham. 
Recorded 



Lane. July n. 1710. 

Petition of Richard Atkinson of Conniston and Isaac 
Pennington of Hawkeshead in the sd County that the 
dwelling houses of your petitioners may be recorded 
meeting houses for Persons called Quakers 

Isaac Penington 

recorded. Richd. Atkinson. 

Xn 30th 1710 
ffriend J. Wright, 

I desire yu wod get the house of John 
Dickonson of Northwood within the Town ship of 
Padiham recorded for a meeting place ye next Sessions 
and shall Satisfye yu next time I see yu rests thine 

Jno Ecroyd Jur. 
To bee entred October Sessions 
last 12. 1710. 



1712. 

April 30. 1712. 

These are humbly to request of the Justices of Peace 
at the Quarter Sessions to be holden to morrow at 
Preston That the house in Clitheroe which I am 
now about to dwell in may be recorded for a house 
wherein the people called Quakers may sometimes 
Keep Religious Meetings. 

Granted. Ellen Coulbourne 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 195 



House built on Brewers Yeard in Little Eccleston 
for an Assembly of persons called Quakers. 
allowed. 

Writing in the Preston Guardian on April 20th, 1912, 
Mr Dilworth Abbatt, of Preston, says : 

" William Brewer, yeoman of Little Eccleston, a few 
months before his decease, conveyed by an Indenture 
dated May 1669, a little garden or Croft out of a Close 
of land, to be used as a burial place for Quakers, unto 
John White and Thomas Moone of Wood Plumpton. 
Nine years previously both William Brewer and John 
White were sent to prison for holding Quaker meetings 
in the district. In 1690 John White, the surviving 
trustee having died, fresh trustees of the old Quaker 
Meeting House and burial ground were appointed in the 
persons of Richard Coward, Timothy Townson, Thomas 
Tomlinson, and Henry Tomlinson, all of whom belonged 
to the Filde meeting." 

Under date Aug. 25, 1682, the Kenyon MSS. give the 
following : 

" Kirkham. There is a place in this parish wee call 
Brewers Yard, four or five miles distant, which the 
Quakers (the most incorrigible sinners I know) doe use 
to bury. I desire you, therefore, you may procure this 
may be spoken of a Sheriff s title, that these places 
may be laid wast, or if not soe, some other remedy may 
be thought of for the preventing of their diabolical 
infatuation and infection." (For Richard Clegg, vide 
P- 193). 

1716. 

Bury Sess. Oct. n. 1716. 

A Certaine Edifnce or building newly Erected in the 
fforest of Rossendale for an Assembly of persons called 
Quakers &c. 
recorded. Henry Birtwistle. 



196 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

1717. 

Preston Sessions July 18. 1717. 

George Abott of Hothcrsall petitions that a dwelling 
house and barne thereunto belonging to your 
Petitioner is intended for an Assembly of Quakers. 
recorded. George Abbatt. 

To the Clerk of Peace &c. 

John Haydock of Coppull Certifies to Quarter 
Sessions att Ormskirk July 2. 1717. that " I have caused 
a house to be erected upon a parcell of ground within 
Langtree in the sd County Comonly called the Quakers 
Buriall place Intended to be a meeting house for a Con 
gregation of Protestant Dissenters dissenting from the 
Church of England Comonly called Quakers and do Desire 
you to record the same as such in this Court according 
to the Act of Parliamt in that case made and pvided." 

recorded. Jno. Haydock junr 

Ormskirk Sessions May. 6. 1717. 

John Winstanley of Ashton within Makerfield yeom. 
certifies a House newly erected belonging to me is 
intended for Quakers c. 

recorded. John Winstanley. 



Preston. April 25. 1723. Dwelling house of James 
Topper called heathwood in Parish of Padyham. 

House of John Hartley called the ffernis in the fforest 
of Pendle. Quaker meeting house. 

James Topper 

recorded. John Hartley. 

[This has got into packet 1718, and is printed here 
though it is later than 1720.] 

1718. 

Memdm to Gett a licence for ye house of Ann Rigby 
widd in Goosnr for a meeting house for ye-Quakrs. 



THE WITNESSING FACTS 



197 



1720. 

The dwelling house and Barne of Thorstin (?) Cros- 
neld of Penington in Ffurness as also the house & 
Barne thereunto adjoining belonging to Edward 
ffisher of Unlverston. 

for Quakers. Robt. Abbatt. 

recorded. 

Lancaster Oct. 4. 1720. 

Humble Petition of Steephen Sedgewick of Lanshaw 
in the Parish of Tatham & John Moore of Gaite in 
Parish of Tunstall dwelling houses to be used for 
Quakers. 

Stephen Sidgwick 
recorded. John Moor. 

These are to certify that the dwelling house of 
Thomas ffel of Unlverston is a meeting place for 
quakers. 

Preston ) Oct. 6. 1720. Robt Abbatt. 

Ss. j recorded 

Preston. Oct. 6. 1720. 

Petition of Wm. Blackledge of freckleton on behalf e 
of himselfe & Severall others Inhabitants of the Sd. 
Town A certain Edifice newly erected in freckleton 
aforesd is intended for Quakers &c. 

Wm. Blackledge 
recorded. his X marke. 

The humble Petition of Edmund Tyldesley of 
Dalton yeom. Prays that his dwelling house in Darton 
may be recorded for a -meeting place of Dissenting 
Protestants according to the Act of Parliament in 
that case made. 

Edmund Tyldesley. 

Recorded. 



CHAPTER III 
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 

OUT of the mass of dates, names and facts previously 
given two things emerge quite clearly. In the first place 
the reader must be deeply impressed with the remarkable 
steadfastness of the " Sufferers " to the religious 
principles which they had adopted. With little inter 
mission, for a period of nearly 30 years from the 
Restoration to the Toleration Act, they were the victims 
of a persecution which imposed upon them fines and 
imprisonments without mercy or restraint, and yet 
they remained unbroken in their spirit. This was, of 
course, the period during which all Nonconformity was 
out in the wilderness and a " great and terrible wilder 
ness " it proved to be; but the heavier burden of 
suffering fell upon the Quakers. The Uniformity Act 
of 1662 deprived all Ministers of their livings, who 
could not give their " Assent and Consent " to all and 
everything contained in the Book of Common Prayer ; 
and the Great Ejection followed, which silenced some 
2000 of the most cultured and devoted Ministers in 
the Church. In 1664 the Conventicle Act made illegal 
all religious gatherings other than those which were 
according to the " National Worship," if there were 
present five or more persons of 16 years of age and 
upwards beside the family in whose house the meeting 
was being held. To deal specially with the Quakers 
there had been passed in May 1662, before the Act of 
Uniformity, the " Quaker Act " imposing penalties for 
refusal to take oaths and for holding meetings for 
worship in the Quaker way. In common with all other 
Nonconformists the Quakers suffered considerably for 

198 



STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 199 

attending these proscribed Conventicles, and similarly 
for not frequenting the National Worship ; but, as 
already suggested, they suffered on other accounts 
peculiar to them. They had an objection to taking 
any kind of oath. It was with them a matter of 
"Conscience" "to swear not at all," but to let their 
, Yea be Yea and their Nay, Nay." Consequently they 
refused the oath of allegiance, though their loyalty was 
above suspicion ; summoned to serve on juries they 
again objected to take the customary oath ; and in 
like manner in the open courts judgment invariably went 
against them because they would not be sworne. They 
objected also to pay Tithes on the ground that " the 
true Christian Minister must preach for love, not for 
hire." Many of the Commitments, it will be noted, 
were on these accounts only. 

It is worth pointing out that after 1662 there are 
few Commitments for disturbing other religious 
gatherings. During the Commonwealth that was the 
chief cause of their suffering, and the fact is one to which 
sufficient attention has not been given. It is more 
than doubtful if the Commonwealth Commitments 
generally may be classed under the heading of religious 
persecution, as is usually done. The movement was 
then quite young, and like all young movements it was 
extravagant and revolutionary in many respects. The 
early Quaker preachers, whose sincerity cannot be 
challenged, were often disturbers of the public peace, 
and the penalties inflicted upon them were mainly because 
they were regarded as such. It is a healthy sign that 
among later writers on the movement this is the attitude 
which is coming to be adopted. Referring to some 
of the strange things which were done by Quakers in 
Commonwealth days, Mr H. G. Wood, M.A., in his 
Swarthmore Lecture for 1920, says : " Sue hare the 
charges history records against them, and, so far as 
they are true, we can only say in the first place that the 
Protector s leniency in dealing with them deserves our 



200 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

admiration, and in the second that the modern Quaker 
is a great improvement on his ancestors." Most, how 
ever, of what was objectionable about the movement in 
its earliest stages had disappeared at the time of the 
Restoration ; and the Quakers take their place in the 
forefront of that great body of Nonconformists against 
whom the repressive legislation of that period was 
levelled. 

In 1672 the Indulgence Declaration was published. 
It was not an Act of Parliament but a mere exercise 
of that Royal prerogative which Charles claimed to 
have " in Ecclesiastical matters," and no doubt it was 
honestly meant. Wearied, as he says, with "the sad 
experience of twelve years," whose " forcible courses " 
had yielded "little fruit," he resorted to this method 
of "quieting our good subjects." Its effect was to 
suspend the operation of the repressive legislation of 
recent times, and, in particular, to make it possible by 
taking out Licenses for all who dissented from the Church 
of England to have their own religious meetings. Non 
conformists generally welcomed it as a great relief, and 
Licenses on a large scale were taken out all over the 
country. The original Applications and other License 
documents are preserved in the Record Office, London ; 
and these and much relating to them have been printed 
in Professor Turner s book ; but not one Quaker License 
will be found among them. No one was applied for and no 
one was issued. The Quakers shared to some extent in the 
common benefit so far as their religious gatherings were 
concerned, but they were still fined and imprisoned for 
refusing the Oath and withholding the Tithes, even as 
they might be for meeting in unlicensed buildings. After 
twelve months the Indulgence Declaration was with 
drawn under pressure of Parliament, with which it had 
never been popular, because it was regarded as an en 
croachment upon its rights, and persecution reappeared. 
In addition to all this the Quakers were involved in the 
common suspicion which attached to all Nonconformity, 



STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 201 

that it was an abiding menace to the Government and 
the Nation generally. The times were rich in rumours 
of plots and counter plots ; informers were well paid 
for their work and they were careful not to be unem 
ployed ; and the authorities were somewhat hysterical 
in their fears. How far there was ground for this we do 
not know. Some of the reports which were so largely 
circulated were undoubtedly pure fictions ; others were 
seriously exaggerated ; but it is quite possible that some 
men made wild and reckless by ceaseless persecution 
turned their thoughts to force for a remedy, and, at 
least, indulged in language, which in those excited times 
gave colour to such suspicions. At any rate, they had 
visits paid to them by the officers of the law with in 
structions to search their persons and houses for " armes 
and ammunition " and anything of an incriminating 
character. The following in illustration are from the 
Bradshaigh MS. kindly lent by Dr Farrer, and it is inter 
esting to note how all the supposed disaffected are classed 
together Recusant Papists, Ejected Nonconformists 
and Proscribed Quakers. 

" My Lord Arlington s letter to my Lord of Derby 

Concerning Conventicles May 27. 1669. 
My Lord 

Whereas his Matie hath received Severall Com 
plaints that In the County of Lancr. whereof you are 
Lord Leivtnt there are held frequent & scandalous 
Meeteings upon p tence of Religious worshipp Contrary 
to the Law and publique peace his Matie hath Co- 
manded me to signify his pleasure hereby unto you 
that you make strickt enquiry of the truth of such 
Complaints and if you shall find that such meetings 
are held within your Lieutenancy which either by 
theire excess for number or manor of behaviour may 
endanger the Publique peace give Scandall or affront 
the Publique established government of the Church 
that in such cases you give Orders to put the Lawes 



202 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Jn Execution for the suppressing of such Meetings 
and to proceed according to Law against the preacher 
and such others as shall appeare to bee the principall 
offenders herein 

My Lord J am 

Yor Lopps Most obedient 
Humble Servt 

Arlington." 

" Whereas wee are given to understand that very 
many psons of restlesse and never to bee satisfied minds, 
within this County of Lancaster are busie and Active 
in construing Plotting broatching a new Warre wch 
threatens much to the Ruine and destruction of his 
Matie and all Loyall Subjects Wee therefore strictly 
require you upon sight hereof to Seize and Secure 
the persons whose names are hereunto annexed within 
the Hundreds of Loynsdall & Amoundernes searching 
theire Houses for Armes, Amunition Seditious papers 
and Pamphletts, and them bring before us at Lancaster 
upon Thursday the Thirtie first day of August instant 
And likewise that you informe your selfe of all other 
psons whose Principles and Seditious practices you 
know anywise Rebellious or inclinable to the disturbance 
of the Peace and quiet of this Kingdome inserting their 
names and places of habitation in the aforesaid list 
annexed and to bring them before us at the day and 
place abovsaid Whereof faile not as you tendr his 
Maties Servise and will answer the Contrary 

Datum apud Lancr vicesimo sexto die Augusti Anno 
R. Rs Carol Scdi Angl &c Decimo sextimo Annoq 
Dni 1665. 

To Sr. Roger Bradshaigh or 

in his absence to the W. Spencer 

Chiefe Commissionated Officer of his Ro. Bindlos 
Troope Tho. Preston 

These Ric. Kirckby. 



STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 



203 



A note of persons to bee Searched for Armes & 
Amunition 

In Croston 
Richard Banistre 
Thomas Gradwell 



In Euxton 
John Pincocke 
Mickell Taylor 
James Sharock 
John Roscoe of 
Runshe Moore 
Tho : Hoodie of 
Heapey 
John Ballif of 
Adlington 
Will: Crookeof 
Copull 
John Low of 
Duxbury 
Edward Parr 
of Mawdsley 
Widow Copper of 
Charnock Richard 



In Eccleston 
Nicholas Rigby of 
Harrocke 
Ralph Greene 
of Tuingreave 
Widdow Parr. 

In Leyland 



Loynsdale 

Jon. Lauson of Lanr 
Jon Greenwood of same 
Robt Widder of Kellett Senior 
Crofer Procter of Lancr 
Tho : Hopkin of Yelland 
Hathornethwaite of 
Memorand Preist Hutton 
John Preston of Ellell Grange 
Tho : Atkinson of Cartmiell 
Tho : Leper of Caponwrey 
Rob : Hubberstie of Yelland 
Will : Lampitt of ffurneis * 
Jon. Sawrey of Plumpton 

Richard Locksome of 
Ulnes Walton 
William Walton of 
Longton 
Adam Mather of 
Wright ingt on 

Mr Baldwin 2 a 
Minister at Chisnall 



1 Ejected minister of Ulverston. Vide pp. 17-21. 

2 Almost certainly Roger Baldwin, ejected minister of Pcnrith and 
Rain ford. 



204 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



William Atherton 



Henry Beardsworth 
Widdow Banistre 
of Goulding Hill 

In Chorley 
Allexandr Brears 
of Eves Lane 
Thomas Wareing 
of yerrow Bridge 
James Rosckoe 
Will : Ecleston of 
Charnock Richard 
Richard Sheardley of 
Farrington 



John Hurst of 
Arley in blackrode 
Will : Parr by Cowley 
Hill nere Billinge 
Henry Ogles of 
-Whiston-. 

In Wigan Parish 
Henry Topping of Wigan 

Mr Jolly of Wigan 

Elizabeth Deane 
ye house of Peter Watson 
and Mrs Williamson l 
liveing Jn Hindley. 

Gabriell Camelford of Staveley 2 

Blackburn Hundd. 

Tho : Jolly of hignell park 3 

Tho : Sumerko of padll- 

Robt Whiteker of 

Healey in Burnley 

Jon. Buly of Oswald 

twisley 

Jon Waddington of Altom 

by Coll. No well. 

Salford Hundd 

one Major Smith 

Amoundernes Hund. 

Rowland Gascall of /blank/ 

Ric : Kinge of Preston 

Henry Chorley of same 

Jon March of Elston 

1 Doubtless widow of William Williamson, the " able godly and painfull 
minister " of Hindley in 1650. 

Ejected minister of the Furness District. Vide pp. 16-21. 

Ejected minister of Altham, who subsequently lived at Wyxnond- 
bouses, on the slope of Pendle Hill. Vide p. 79. 



STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 205 

August 26. 1665 

A particular of psons fitt to bee secured. 
Vizt/ 

Mr Tildesley of Deane Church l 

Mr Heywood late of Ormes Church 2 

Mr Naylor of Hindley 3 

Mr tof 1 ^ 4 1 Hveing in Windle or Raynford 

Mr Harrison of the Fyld 6 

Mr Bradshaw of Hindley. 7 All these above named 
are nonconformists secluded prtended Ministers and 
such as frequently hould Conventicles, giveinge the 
people opertunitys of Meetinge to hatch Mischeife 

Alsoe Ditchfeild of Warrington 

Willeby of Horwich 

John Masty of Warrington late Servant to the late 
Tray tor Lockyor Blood, Newton. 

My note to the Constables of Aspull to apprehend Quakers. 
Whereas I am sertanly informed that there are 
frequent meetings of Quakers and other nonconformall 
psons within yor Toune & pticulerly this day at James 
Gregaryse, Theise are in psuance of his Maties late 
Proclamation for prohibiting of such Meetings to 
require you to seize all such psons as you shall find 
soe conveid together, and them to bringe before the 
next Justice of Peace, to give such satisfacon as the 
said proclamation requireth, or else to suffer accordingly, 
of this you are not to fayle as it is yor Duty, and will 

1 John Tilsley, M.A., ejected from Dean Church. 

2 Nathaniel Heywood, M.A., brother of Oliver Heywood, ejected from 
Ormskirk. 

3 Possibly James Naylor, ejected from Houghton Chapel. 

4 John Wright, the ejected minister of Billinge. 

5 Thomas Gregg, the minister of St Helens. 

8 Cuthbert Harrison, doubtless, ejected in Ireland, but subsequently 
minister of Elswick, the Mother Church of Fylde Congregationalism. 

7 James Bradshaw, ejected from Hindley, and subsequently in Rain- 
ford. Vide p. 98, note i. 



206 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

answer it to the Contrary. Given under my hand 
this I7th feb. 1660. 

ROGER BRADSHAIGH 

To the Constables 

of Aspull. Theise. 

An Order from my Lord of Derby for searching and 
Secureing some Armes in Manchester Augu. 6th/64. 

Theise are to will And require you upon sight hereof 
to Search for And Seize all Armes and Amunition which 
you find in the Custodie or possession of John Leeds 
Richard Ellor, Ralph Ridgway of Manchester and 
Henry Taylor of New Barne in the afforesd County, 
the sd psons beeinge Judged Dangerus to the peace of 
the Kingdome, and all such Armes and Amunition 
as you find in the possession of the aforesaid psons or 
any of them you are to secure for his Maties Service 
And returne a speedy Accot thereof unto mee And for 
soe doeinge this shall bee to you a Sufficient discharge 
Given under my [Hand] And Seale the 5th day of 
August Anno Domini 1664. 

C. DERBY. 
To Major John Byrom 
And the Constables 
of Manchester. 

John Willson of Warrington in the sd County of 
Lanr upon his oath Informeth and saith as the above 
sd Roger Yates hath informaed haveinge heard the 
same Readd 

JOHN WILLSON 
Capt Corn. 

Roger Bradshaigh 
Mat hew Markland 

Conti. Lanr. 

Informr Capt apud Haigh Coram Rogero Bradshaigh 
Milit. 25 June (1662) 



STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 207 

Saturday June the 2ist (1662). 

Thomas Gorton of Aspull Laborer saith that hee 
heard Margrett Smith of Westhoughton Widow, 
(upon descourse of the Act of Uniformity) say that 
rather then they Ministers (meaning the Presbits) 
would Conforme, they would resist, and if they weare 
forced to conforme there would be aryseinge of her 
knowledge and beeing asked how that could bee ; 
and who shold head them, shee said My Lord Booth, 
Coll. Rawsthorne, & Maior Harrison, and that though 
wee thought the Militia soe sure to us, yet that most 
of all the Trayn d Bands in Salford Hundd would bee 
of there Syde. Sunday June the 22. The said 
Thomas Gorton came to me againe and said hee had 
againe spoken to the said Margrett Smith that day at 
Blackrod and would have knowne something more 
of her Concerning that business, pretendinge that hee 
would take theire part, shee said shee could tell him 
noe more that day, for the messenger that was to bring 
them Intelligence would not bee there till late but 
afterwards shee would tell him more. 

Tuisday June the 24th the said Thomas Gorton 
came to mee againe & said that the same woman 
tould him (Robert Browne of Aspull being in a private 
place and heard her, & alose did testify it before mee) 
that shee being that day at Hindley Chapell, did see 
one John Leech deliver sevall letters to Mr. Tildesley 
Parson of Deane Church, & being asked what they 
weare, shee sayd tending towards aryseing, & allsoe 
tould him that the messenger came the Sunday at 
night before, to Blackerode, about the same buisiness 
& Sett up his horse at James Gregorys in Aspull, 
And said that the Quakers and Presbs would Joyne 
together, and being asked what party or who they 
would ryse against shee said against the Parlt because 
they made the Act agst theire Religion, and said 
alsoe that Mr Woods of Ashton, 1 Mr Astley of 

1 James Wood, ejected from Ashton-in-Makerfield. 



208 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

Blackrod, 1 Mr Welch of Chorley * Mr Tildesley of Deane 
would goe into Scotland, & many more Parsons that 
would not Conforme, and being againe asked who would 
head the Party shee said that shee had a letter of it 
that my Lord Booth Coll. Rawsthorne and Maior 
Harrison and one behind Preston which shee could not 
remember the name of, but said Thomas Gorton 
nameing Major Robinson to her, shee said shee thought, 
that it was hee, and said that the Riseinge would 
bee before Boulton ffayre ; or within a moneth and 
that one Ralph Ellison of Hindley was listed, but under 
who shee knew not, and farther said that all the 4 
Preachers, before named weare to Preach all of one 
day the next weeke at Chowbent & after that would 
goe into Scotland, & beinge asked whether they ryse 
against the Kinge or noe shee sayd not, but they 
would have the Queene Downe and sayd againe that 
those in Salford Hundd (Meaning the Militia Souldiers) 
would bee for them. 

Com. Lanr. 

July 7/7; . James Barton of Blackerod informed 
& sayth that hee heard Thomas Fenton a youth that 
liveth upon Chorley moore say that hee knew of a 
greate deale of Armes hid at Duxbury and that hee 
was at the hiding of them himselfe : 

It is Mr Holt s opinion that I ought to take the 
Informations upon Oath & that I may Sertify it to 
the Councell without any other Justice to Joyne 
with mee." 

At one time during this period, from 1662 to 1664, 
which is spoken of as the Great Persecution, it is estimated 
that in the prisons of England were no fewer than 4200 
Quakers, men and women, 3 and, as already intimated, 

1 Richard Astley, ejected from Blackrod. Vide p. 79, note 3. 

* Henry Welch, ejected from Chorley. 

George Fox, by H. G. Wood, M.A., p. 75. 






STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 209 

for 30 years the persecution continued with little cessa 
tion without materially weakening the Quaker opposi 
tion. Indeed a friend, who is far removed from the 
Quaker position, writing to me quite recently of this 
period says with a considerable amount of truth : 

" The Quakers really understood their duty perfecting 
their organization and sticking to their own ways with 
an invincible stubbornness, which, after persecution had 
exhausted its worst, made the law bow to them not them 
to the law." 

The other point is the widespread character of the 
movement in the County. Another Map representing 
the state of things at the end of 1720 would give a very 
different picture from the one of 1654 previously named. 
Besides Lancaster and all the North Lonsdale District 
there appear to have been strong centres at Ormskirk 
and neighbourhood, Warrington and district, Blackburn, 
Clitheroe and district, the Rossendale Valley and 
Preston and neighbourhood. The movement did not 
sweep Lancashire as it did Westmorland and Cumber 
land, but it took hold upon the County to a really 
remarkable extent ; and by the end of 1720, beyond 
which the enquiry has not been pursued, no considerable 
area was quite free from it. 

Some of the interests which thus began are still in 
existence, they are the centres of much inspiring memory 
and sacred tradition. As a separate religious body, 
however, Quakerism can scarcely be said to show much 
in the way of growth. In her interesting book The 
Story of Quakerism, Lady Emmott says : " Although 
Friends were at one time the largest body of noncon 
formists in England, they are now almost the smallest 
of the organized Christian Churches. Forty years after 
their first establishment, they numbered about fifty 
thousand, or more than one in every hundred of the 
entire population of five millions ; now there is about 
o 



210 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 

one Friend in every two thousand of the population of 
Great Britain and a much smaller proportion for the 
population of the world." 1 Its future may, therefore, give 
some anxiety to its supporters ; but, whatever may await 
it, because of its insistence upon the supremely spiritual 
element in religion, its unceasing protest against the 
merely ceremonial, which has so often been the besetting 
sin of all religious worship, because of its absolute fidelity 
to great religious principles, and its clear and unceasing 
advocacy of Peace, the world owes to it an unspeakable 
debt, and it will always have a place of honour in the 
story of the Christian religion. 

P. 251. 



INDEX 



A 



Abraham, Emma .,57 
Abraham, Daniel, 57, 58 
Accrington, 76, 90 
Addison, Thomas, 74 
Aighton, 143, M4 
Aldcliffe, 122, 158 
Aldingham, 22, 32-34, 63, 113 
Altham, 76, 80, 83, 88, 204 
Ambrose, John, 54 
Amovmderness, 63, 71, 91, 128, 149, 

154, 204 

Amyas, Theophilus, 34 
Anabaptists, 12, 13, 62 
Angier, John, 47 
Arkholme, 30, 72 
Arlington, Lord, 201 
Ashburner, Richard, 32, 48, 49, 

113, 120 
Ashton, Isaac, 38, 40, 51, 103, no, 

in, 152 

Ashton-under-Lyne, 61 
Askew, Anne, 19 
Askew, John, 19 
Aspinall, John, 149-151 
Aspull, 205-207 
Astley, Richard, 79, 208 
Atherton, Godfrey, 103, no, in, 

178, 185 

Atherton, Oliver, 38, 40, 48, 49 
Audland, John, 12, 13 



Backhouse, John, 31, 58 

Baguley, Alexander, 41 

Baldwin, Roger, 203 

Ball House, 60 

Bannister, Widow, 204 

Barnes, John, 44, 146, 147, 164 

Barnes, Sibill, 183 

Barnes, William, 44 

Barrow, Joan, 85, 89, 149, 152 

Barton, 186, 188 

Barton, Roger, 78 

Bate, John, 95, 96 

Baycliff, 22, 32-34, 118, 120 

O* 



Bennett, Philip, 24, 60 

Benson, Francis, 16, 53 

Benson, George, no, 113, 126 

Berkett, John, 65 

Bis brown, Christopher, 31, 108, ill 

Bickerstarle, 35, 40, 103, 108, in, 

136, 137, 146, 158, 178, 185 
Billmge, 94, 97, 169, 204, 205 
Birch, 99, 101 
Birtwistle, Henry, 47, 48, 53, 55, 

58, 86, 90, 189, 195 
Bispham, John, 103, in, 136, 137 
Blackburn, 37, 61, 69, 76, 79, 83, 

85, 89, 102, 189, 204 
Blackburn Grammar School, 76 
Blackledge, William, 193 
Blackrod, 47, 101, 185, 204, 207, 

208 

Blood, Lockyor, 205 
Bold, 41, 136, 137 
Bolton, 46, 47, 101, 138-143, 161, 

162, 208 

Bolton-le-Sands, 61, 62 
Bond, Thomas, 36, 37, 54 
Booth, Lord, 207, 208 
Booth, William, 40, 129-133, 136- 

138, 14? 

Boult, Benjamin, 35, 59 
Boydale, Susan, 100, 148 
Bradshaigh MS., 201 
Bradshaigh, Roger, 95, 131, 202, 

206 

Bradshaw, James, 98, 205 
Braithwaite, George, 105, 114, 192 
Braithwaite, John, 16, 60 
Braithwaite, William C., 11-14, 2 5i 

26 

Brewer, William, 36, 51, 72, 195 
Brewer s Yard, 163, 195 
Bridecake, Ralph, 43 
Briggs, , 124 

Briggs, Robert, 51, 52, 104,113,121 
Briggs, Thomas, 60 
Brindle, 64-66, 192 
Broughton Tower, 20 
Brown, Andrew, 174, 175 
Brown, James, 115 
Brown, Mr, 98 
Brown, William, 180 

211 



212 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Browne, Joshua, 148 

Browne, Robert, 207 

Brown low School, 169 

Buildings registered for worship, 

181-197 

Bulcock, Elizabeth, 150, 153-155 
Bullcock, John, 78 
Burnley, 38, 61, 75, 76, 80, 81, 83, 

85, 87, 91, 204 
Burnyeate, John, 120 
Burton-in-Lonsdale, 73 
Bury, 43, 45, 62, 99, 101, 166, 167, 

188, 195 
Butler, Mr, 71 
Byron, John, 206 



Calamy, 17, 21, 72, 75 
Cameliord, Gabriel, 16, 17, 21, 204 
Camm, Thomas, 31, 122 
Capernwray, 31, 104, 20} 
Card well, Richard, 186, 188 
Carnforth, 31, in, 121, 122 
Carrand, Thomas, 121 
Carrington, John, 184 
Cartmell, 16, 24, 33, 34, 55, Go, no, 

114, 203 

Cartmell Fell Chapel, 62 
Caton, 73 

Catteralf, James, 80 
Chaddock, Thomas, 136-138 
Chadwick, Robert, 172, 186 
Chaigley, 37, 144 
Chambers, James, 104, 120 
Charnock Heath, 69, 71, 165 
Charnock, Richard, 71, 98, 203, 

204 

Cheadle, 129, 132 
Cheney, John, 42 
Cheshire, 115, 129, 158 
Chipping, 37, 144 
Chorley, 66, 70, 97, 204, 208 
Chorley, John, 136-138, 146, 147 
Chorlton, John, 185 
Chorlton, Chapelry, 101 
Chowbent, 200 

Church Kirk, 76, 80, 83, 85, 90 
Claughton, 73 
Clayton, 68, 70, 76 
Clayton, Leonard, 37, 81, 83, 88 
Clayton, Richard, 117, 120, 134 
Clayton, William, 39, 128, 129 
Clegg, Adam, 75 
Ctegg, Richard, 193, 195 
Clifton, 158, 193 
Clifton, Gervasc, 71 



Clitheroe, 37, 38, 75, 77, 79, 82, 
85, 88, 89, 127, 135, 144, 149- 

151, 153, 154, 194 
Cockey Chapel, 100 
Colne, 82, 83, 86 
Colton, 34, 63, 114 
Commonwealth Commitments, 199 
Commonwealth Survey, The, 17 
Coniston, 194 

Conventicle Act, The, 129, 178, 198 

Conventicle, Returns of 1669, 61 

Conventicles, 61, 62, 71, 72, 79, 80, 

82-84, 87, 95, 90, 99, 100, 104- 

106, 126-155, 157-161, 163-169, 

171-181, 2OI, 2O2, 205 

Coppull, 42, 66, 71, 134, 135, 165 

185, 196, 203 

Cornah Row, 194 

Cossenton, Henry, 184 

Coulbourn, Elizabeth, 194 

Coward, Henry, 182 

Cowbornc, Richard, 89, 144, 145, 

151 

Cromback, John, 80, 83 
Cromwell, Oliver, 15, 120 
Crook, Abigail, 182 
Crooke, Henry, 167, 168 
Cropper Family, The, 158 
Cropper, Widow, 203 
Crosby, Thomas, 55, 103, no, in. 

136-138 

Crosby, William, 183 
Crosdalc, Mary, 82 
Crosfield Family, The, 158 
Crosfield, Henry, 29, 51 
Croston, 66, 67, 69, 203 
Croxdale, Elizabeth, 77 
Cubham, Richard, 35, 40, 44, 49, 

56, 136-138, 158, 178 
Cuerdale, 78 
Cuerden, 68, 70 
Cumberland, 10, n, 21, 24 
Gumming, Thomas, 51 
Curwen, John, 34, 56 
Curwen, Thomas, 32, ^5, 48, 49, 

"3 



Dalton-in-Furness, 22, 24, 104, 191, 

197 

Danvcn, 72, 75, 76 
Darwen Chapel, 79, 83 
Dawson Family, The, 158 
Dawson, Bernard, 88 
Dean, 47, 100, 101 
Dean Church, 205, 207, 208 
Dennyson, \Villiam, 192 



INDEX 



213 



Denton, 99, 101 
Derby, Lord, 201, 206 
Dewsbury, William, 35, 59, 60 
Dickenson, James, 16 
Didsbury, 101 

Dilworth, James, 37, 144, 145 
Dihvorth, Thomas, 144, 145 
Dippers, 62, 99 
Dockray, Thomas, 34 
Dodding, Miles, 55, 156 
Donne, Francis, 128 
Downham, 38, 75, 80-82, 86, 89 
Duckworth, Christopher, 30, 87, 

89, 187 

Duckworth, John, 47 
Dukenfield, 10 
Dunbaband, Samuel, 44, 136-138, 

146, 147, 160 
Duxbury, 69, 164, 203, 208 



Eaton, Nathaniel, 172, 173 
Eaton, Robert, 186 
Eaton, Samuel, 186 
Eccles, 99, 102, 184 
Eccleston, 66, 68, 97, 203 
Eccleston (in the Fylde), 63, 72, 

163, 195 

Eccleston, William, 204 
Edenfield, 99 
Edmondson, William, 30 
Ejection of 1662, The, 17, 198 
Ellenbrook, 102 
Ellison, David, 35, 40 
Ellison, Ralph, 208 
Ellison, William, 192 
Ellor, Richard, 200 
Elswick, 59, 72, 193, 205 
Entwistle, John, 136, 138, 146, 147, 

177, 179 

Euxton, 68, 70, 165, 203 
Everton, 158, 159 



Farington, 72, 204 
Farneley, Thomas, 190 
Farnsworth, Richard, 22 
Farnworth, 46 
Fairer, Dr, 63, 201 
Farrington, William, 87 
Faulkner, Margaret, 86 
Fell, Christopher, 32, 114 
Fell, George, 25 
Fell, George, 33, 114 
Fell, Heskin, 42, 43, 46, 54, 66, 158, 
185 



Fell, John, 32, no, 114 

Fell, Leonard, 33-35, 53, 57, 5 8 

Fell, Margaret, 16, 19, 23, 25, 29, 

33, 105, 106, 126 
Fell, Mary, 20 
Fell, Rebekah, 158 
Fell, Richard, no, 113, 114, 118 
Fell, Thomas, 18-20, 22, 23, 33, 42, 

Fenton, Thomas, 208 

Fielding, John, 77 

Finch, Thomas, 165 

Firbank, 10, 13 

Fletcher, Elizabeth, 44 

Fletcher, James, 35, 56, 59, M7, l8 5 

Fletcher, John, 44 

Flitcroft, Geoffrey, 96, 97 

Flixton, 101 

F gg, J ohn > 4 1 

Forest of Rowland, 85, 144 

Forest of Rossendale, 195 

Forshawe, James, 65 

Foster, Henry, no, in 

Fox, George, 9-26, 32, 52, 59, 106, 

Fox, Margaret, 57, 58, 156 

Foxcroft, Edmund, 74 

Frankland s Academy, 184 

Freckleton, 37, 180, 181, 186, 197 

Frosham, James, 56, 158 

Furness District, 32-35, 62, 204 

Furness Fells, 184 

Furness Nonconformity, 21 

Fylde District, The, 35, 158 



Gandy, William, 159, 160 
Garforth, Edmund, 30 
Garner, Thomas, 38 
Garstang, 36, 116, 134, 171, 194 
Gars wood Division, 99 
Gey, Mr, 83 

Gisburn, 127, 144, 149, 150, 153 
Gleaston, 22, 32, 104, 113, 120 
Gleave, John, 95 
Glodwick, 148 
Goad, John, 32, 113, 120 
Goad, Thomas, 32, 104, 113 
Goodall, Edward, 42 
Goodshaw Chapel, So 
Goosnargh, 72, 196 
Gorton, 99, 101 
Gorton, Thomas, 207, 208 
Grave, William, 52 
Grayrigg, 12, 13 
Great Crosby, 103, in, 159 
Great Harwood, 75, 79, 84, 86, 88, 
90 



214 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Great Singleton, 72 

Green, John, 188 

Green, Thomas, 29, 50, 126 

Gregg, Thomas, 205 

Gregory, James, 96, 97, 205, 207 

Grime, John, 86, 90 

Grimsargh, 187 

Grimshaw, Richard, 76, 80, 83, 88, 90 

Grindleton, 144, 149, 150, 152, 153 

H 

Habergham Eaves, So, 189, 191 

Halhead, Miles, 18 

Hall, George, 96 

Hall, John, 172 

Halley, Dr, 26 

Halstead, Catherine, 83 

Halstead, George, 172,^173 

Halton, 24 

Hand ford, 129-133 

Hankinson, Richard, 136-138 

Hapton, 91 

Hardman, John, 80, 82, 83 

Hardshaw, 44, 177-180, 182 

Hargreaves, Mr, 86 

Hargreaves, Alice, 165, 166 

Hargreaves, Christopher, 86 

Hargreaves, George, 38 

Hargreaves, Henry, 86, 90, 165, 166 

Hargreaves, John, 38, 39, 49, 57, 

76, 80, 81, 165, 166 
Hargreaves, Richard, 39, 48, 50, 

5i, 55, 5 <*>, 76, 123 
Harrison, Cuthbert, 193, 205 
Harrison, James, 46, 54, 138-143 
Harrison, John, 61 
Harrison, Major, 207, 208 
Harrison, Thomas, 116 
Harrison, William, 127 
Harrop, Mr, 88 
Harsnep, Thomas, 156, 157 
Hartley, , 72 
Hartley, Elizabeth, 75 
Hartley, James, 34, 82 
Hartley, John, 39, 76, 188, 196 
Hartley,Roger, 38,51, 58, 76, 82, 123 
Haslegreave, James, 101 
Haslingden District, 47, 61, 75, 77, 

80, 81, 86, 89, 90, 166-168, 189 
Hatlex, 41, 123 
Hatton, Alexander, 54, 68, 98 
Hatton, William, 56, 59,68, 146,147 
Hawkshead, 62, 106, 113, 119, 192, 

194 

Haworth, Charles, 78 
Haydock, John, 42, 53, 71, 178, 

185, 196 



Haydock, Robert, 185 

Haydock, Roger, 42, 43, 71, 134, 

135, 160 

Hayes, John, 80 
Hayton, John, 57 
Hayworth, Abraham, 47, 48, 51, 

54, 57, 60, 76, 80, 84, 87, 166 
Hayworth, Lawrence, 79 
Heapey, 63, 72, 203 
Heysham, 63 
Heyside, 45, 61 
Heywood, Nathaniel, 205 
Heywood, Oliver, 205 
Heyworth, Nathaniel, 189 
Hicock, Thomas, 136, 137, 159 
Hindley, 205, 207, 208 
Hirt, Elizabeth, 46 
Hodgkinson, Thomas, 149 
Hoghton, 70 

Hoghton, Sir Richard, 87 
Holcroft Hall, 95 
Holgate, William, 42 
Holland, Charles, 105 
Holland, Thomas, 98, 105, 165 
Holline, Thomas, 182 
Hollinwood, 148 
Holme, Thomas, 44, 59 
Holmes Chapel, 80 
Holt, Mr, 208 
Holt, Gilbert, 42 
Hoole, 65, 66, 70 
Hope wood, John, 99 
Hornby, 73, 174, 175 
Horwick, 100, 101, 205 
Houlgate, Matthew, 96 
Hoult, James, 153, 155 
Howgill, 150, 153 
Howgill, Francis, 12, 13, 21 
Hoyle, John, 82 
Hubberstey, Robert, 31, 122, 184, 

203 

Hubberthorn, Richard, 43 
Hugginson, William, 31, 104, 122 
Hughson, , 71, 72 
Hulley, Edward, 38, 48 
Humber River, 26 
Huncoat, 77, 83, 90 
Hurst, John, 204 
Hutton, 12, 26 
Hutton, Dorothy, 32 
Hutton, Thomas, 32, 104, 114 



Independents, 12, 13, 80 
Indulgence Declaration, The, 12, 

17, 21, 200 
Indulgence Licenses, 200 



INDEX 



215 



Ingham, Margaret, 149, 153 

Inskip, 36, 163 

Ireland, 30, 36, 43, 60, no, 113, 

159 
Isle of Man, 113 



.1 



ackson, Henry, 112 

ackson, Tristram, 185 

ackson, William, 52, 57, 166 

armond, Thomas, 71 

effries, Judge, 56 

ohnson, Lawrence, 44 

ohnson, Richard, 40, 42, 44, 51, 

53, no 
Jollie, Thomas, 79, 80, 204 



K 



Kaber Rigg, 25 

Kay, Thomas, 73 

Kellet, 12, 24, 30, 31, 104, in, 112, 

203 
Kendal, 10-12, 22, 26, 44, 46, 59, 

62 

Keaquick, Daniel, 44 
Keaquick, Thomas, 41, 44, 136- 

138 

Kenion, Henry, 95, 96 
Kenion, John, 85 
Kennebie, Anne, 41 
Kennedy, Hannah, 40 
Kenyon, James, 183 
Kenyon MSS., 181, 195 
Kenyon, Roger, 135, 143, 148, 159, 

161, 167-169 
Kilmory, Lady, 115 
King Richard, 204 
Kippax, John, 75, 81 
Kirkby, Richard, 55, no, 133, 202 
Kirkby, Roger, 104, 106 
Kirkham, 63, 71, 72, 193, 195 
Knowsley, 40, 59, 185, 190 



Laithxvaite, James, 136, 137, 147 
Lambeth Library, 61 
Lampit, William, 17-20, 203 
Lancaster, 12, 24, 29, 30, 32, 49-51, 

106, no, 116, 122, 133, 134, 175- 

177, 184, 191, 203 



Lancaster Castle, 33, 34, 36, 37, 

40-45, 47, 50-58, 115, 128-131, 

161, 165-169 
Lancaster, Lydia, 32 
Langtree, 69, 70, 185, 196 
Lathom House, 37 
Lawford, Peter, 36 
Lawson, John, 29, 50, 203 
Lawson, Richard, 80, 83 
Leaper, Thomas, 31, 48, 49, 52, in, 

112, 203 
Leatherbarrow, Roger, 40, 41, 48, 

51, 103, in 

Leavens, Elizabeth, 44, 59 
Leaver, James, 161 
Lee, Charles, 38, 89, 144, 145 
Lee, Christopher, 189 
Lee, Roger, 149-152 
Leech, John, 207 
Leeds, John, 206 
Lees, John, 194 
Legh, Richard, 129-133 
Leigh, Ellen, 77, 82, 85 
Lever, Thomas, 141-143 
Leyland, 61, 64, 66, 68, 70, 97, 102, 

164, 203 

Liddell, John, 38 
Liverpool, 24, 41, 158, 159, 185, 

190 

Livesey, James, 69 
Livesey, Thomas, 83 
Lollardism, 11 
Longworth, Justice, 105, 162-164, 

170, 171 

Longworth, Roger, 46, 54 
Lonsdale, 34, 63, 72, 91, 104, 203 
Lorrimer, Thomas, 45, 47, 60 
Lowe Church, 75, 77, 84, 87, 89 
Lowe, Robert, 191 
Lund, Andrew, 55, 133 
Lund Chapel, 63, 72 
Lune River, 10 
Lunt, 103, 1 10, in 
Lydiate, 41, 103, in 



M 



Macclesfield, 46, 100 

Makant, Ellis, 182 

Malpas, 29 

Manchester, 10, 24, 37, 43, 45, 57, 
62, 99, 102, 125, 148, 166, 172, 
173, 184-186, 188, 190, 191, 206 

Markland, Matthew, 206 

Marsden, 59, 144 

Marsden, Henry, 149-155 

Marsden, Thomas, 41 



216 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



195 



Marslaml, Ann, 129-132 

Mather, Richard, 45, 50, 51, 93, 166 

Mather, Thomas, 132 

Masty, John, 205 

Masy, Henry, 12 

Mawdsley, 65, 67 

Melling, 63, 72, 73, 176 

Mrlling, Henry, 73 

Mclling, William, 98 

Mercer, Henry, 187 

Mcredeth, Sir Amos, 96 

Michael s, St, 169-171 

Middleton, 100 

Milner, Christopher, 33, 53 

Milner, John, 65 

Minshall, John, 44, 46, 49, 50, 52, 

56, 124 

Mitchell, Richard, 86 
Molineux, Richard, 93 
Molyneux, Henry, 190 
Moone, John, 35, 36, 51 
Moone, Thomas, 49, 51, 52, 
Moore, John, 60 
Moore, Roger, 104 
More, John, 86 
Morley, Lord, 174-177 
Morton, Edward, 53 
Mosse, Isaac, 45, 51, 172, 173 
Moubricke, 71, 72 
M us bury, 166-168 
Myers, Richard, 32, 49, 113 
Myers, Thomas, 32 



N 



Nantwich, 116 

Nateby, 134, 187 

Nayler, James, 22 

Naylor, James, 205 

Nay lor, John, 135-137 

Newchurch, 75, 76 

Newchurch in Pendle, 78, 79, 82, 

86, 102 

Newchurch in Rossendale, 78, 87 
Newcome, Henry, 186 
New England, 15 
Newhall, 45 
Newton, 10, 16, 60 
Newton cum Scales, 180 
Newton, Samuel, 79, 80 
Nonconformist, 62, 63, 79, 80, 99, 

100, 101 

Norman, John, 95, 96 
North Meols, 62 
Nowell, Alexander, 126, 204 
Nutter, John, 78 



Oddy, William, 153, 155 

Ogden, John, 102 

Ogden, Joshua, 6l 

Oldham, 60, 61, 100, 102, 148, 188, 

194 
Ormskirk, 35, 39, 62, 103, 108, no, 

in, 136, 137, 168, 169, 187, 188, 

196, 205 

Owen, Griffith, 146, 147, 159 
Owen, Job, 182 
Oxford, 44, 73, 119, 193 



Padget, Francis, 133 

Padiham, 78, 79, 83, 89, 128, 194, 

196 

Park, Richard, 113, 119 
Parkinson, Eleanor, 36 
Parliament, The Long, 14 
Parker, Christopher, 133, 164 
Parker, Col., 169 

Parker, Thomas, 129, 143, 149-155 
Parr, John, 72, 79, 165 
Patefield, James, 77, 82, 127, 150- 

I5 2 

Patefield, Thomas, 50 
Pemberton, Phineas, 46, 130-142 
Pemberton, Phoebe, 139-142 
Pemberton, Ralph, 96, 139-142 
Pendle, 38, 80, 82-84, 8 9"> l8 9. 1 9& 
Pendle Hill, 9, 204 
Pendleton, 127, 144 
Penington in Furness, 197 
Penington, Isaac, 194 
Penketh, 136, 137, 146 
Pcnketh, James, 137, 138, 146, 147 
Penney, Norman, 12, 16 
Pcnnington, Robert, 108, no. 114 
Persecution, The Great, 208 
Persons searched for arms, 203-206 
Petitions, 106, 182 
Penwortham, 65, 66, 70, 97 
Phillips, Hugh, 54 
Pigott, Mr, 176 
Pilkington, James, 99 
Pleasington, 69 
Pollard, Richard, 88 
Popish Recusants in 

Leyland Deanery, 64, 97 

Amounderness Deanery, 71 

Lonsdale Deanery, 72 

Blackburn Deanery, 74, 89, 102 

Warrington Deanery, 91, 97. 9&, 
102 

Manchester Deanery, 99 



INDEX 



217 



Poulton-le-Fylde, 36, 170, 194 
Prescot, 42, 59, 135-137, 146, 159, 

177-180 
Preston, 24, 36, 37, 72, 103, 105, 

128, 149, 171. 184, 186-197, 20 4 
Preston, Patrick, 10-13, 26 
Preston, Thomas, 58, 202 
Prestwick, 99, 100 
Procter, Anthony, 30, 72 
Prophet, Richard, 44 
Puritanism, 12-15 
Pye, George, 40, 41, 49, 55, in 



Quaker Act, The, 198 
Quaker Fines, 137-150, 181 
Quakerism, Position of, at end Of 

1720, 209 
Quakerism, Present Position of, 

210 

Quaker Marriages, 106 
Quaker Meeting Houses registered 
for worship in 1689, 181 

Do. in 1691-1720, 182-197 
Quakers in 

Lancaster District, 29 

Furness District, 32 

Fylde District, 35 

Preston Area, 36 

Blackburn District, 37 

Clitheroe District, 37 

Burnley District, 38, 59 

Ormskirk District, 39, 59 

Liverpool District, 41 

Wigan District, 42 

Warrington District, 43 

Manchester District, 45, 60 

Bolton District, 46 

Haslingden District, 47, 60 

Miscellaneous, 48-58 
Quakers in 

Blackburn Deanery, 61 

Leyland Deanery, 61 

Manchester Deanery, 62 

Warrington Deanery, 62 

Kendal Deanery, 62 

Furness Deanery, 62 

Lonsdale Deanery, 63 

Amounderness Deanery, 63 
Quaker Presentments in 

Leyland Deanery, 64, 97, 102 

Amounderness Deanery, 71 

Lonsdale Deanery, 72 

Blackburn Deanery, 74-91 

Warrington Deanery, 91-98, 102 

Manchester Deanery, 99 



Quakers taken at 
Lancaster, no 
Yealand, in 
Bickerstaffe, in 
Kellet, 112 
Cockerham, 112 
Aldington, 113 
Ulverston, 113 
Hawkshead, 113 
Dalton, 114 
Cartmell, 114 
Colton, 114 
Miscellaneous, 115-125 



Radcliffe, 139-141, 167 

Radcliffe, Joshua, 126 

Rainford, 35, 98, 103, in, 136, 137, 

203, 205 

Railing, Joseph, 112 
Ramsbotham, Henry, 81, 90 
Ranters, 13 
Ratcliff, James, 47, 48, 84, 87, 89, 

166-168 
Ratcliff, Richard, 47, 76, 81, 84, 

8? 

Rawcliffe, 105, 135, 163, 169, 170 
Rawlinson, Thomas, 32, 33, 35 
Rawsthorne, Edward, 125 
Rawsthorne, John, 167, 168 
Rawsthorne, Lawrence, 45 
Rawsthorne, Nicholas, 167, 168 
Read, John, 77, 85 
Ribble River, 26 
Ribchester Church, 88 
Ridgway, Ralph, 51, 172, 185, 206 
Rigby, Edward, 37, 181 
Rigby, Jonathan, 47, 52, 185 
Rigby, Thomas, 36 
Rigg, William, 34, 53 
Rivmgton, 79, 165 
Roberts, Lawrence, 91 
Robinson, Henry, 39, 60, 76, 128 
Robinson, Major, 208 
Robinson, Robert, 85 
Rochdale, 100 
Roote, Henry, 99 
Roote, Timothy, 99 
Rootledge, Jane, 173 
Rose, Susannah, 41 
Rossendale, 47, 60, 61, 75,|8o, 84, 

89, 90, 166, 167, 189 
Rothwell, Ann, 139-141 
Royle, John, 102 
Roy ton Hall, 100 
Rufford, 65-67 
Ryley Family, The, 158 



2i8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Saddleworth, 100 

Sagar, Charles, 76, 79 

Sale, Thomas, 101 

Salford, 101 190, 191, 204, 207, 

208 

Salsbury, Alexander, 38, 144, 145 
Salthouse, Robert, 33, 56, 113, 121 
Salthouse, Thomas, 35, 113 
Salthouse, William, 33, 56, 113, 121 
Salwick Hall, 72 
Samlesbury, 78, 79, 87, 89, 187 
Sand forth, Thomas, 159 
Sankey, 44, 136, 137 
Sandys, Adam, 17 
Sandys, Samuel, 51 
Satterthwaite, George, 105, 106, 

"3 

Satterthwaite, John, 51, 114 

Saunder, Thomas, 81 

Sawley, 149, 150, 153 

Sawrey, Roger, 20, 112 

Scotforth, 133, 134 

Scotland, 24, 43, 208 

Sedbergh, 10, 12 

Seed, Jonathan, 104, 105 

Seekers, 11-13, 2 5 

Sellers, William, 80, 83 

Sephton, 42 

Sessions Order Books, 103 

Sessions Records, 103 

Shakerly, Sir Geoffrey, 58 

Sharpe, Thomas, 32 

Sharpies, Randle, 79 

Shaw Chapel, 100 

Shaw, George, 40, 158, 178, 183 

Shaw, Giles, 100 

Shawe, Thomas, 33, 34 

Shrewsbury, 59 

Skelmersdale, 103, ill 

Skerrow, Thomas, 30, 57, 173-177, 

191 

Simpson, Richard, 33, no 
Simpson, William, 32, 49, 119 
Simson, William, 37 
Smallwood, Dr, 41 
Smith, John, 75, 78, 81, 83, 144, 

M5 

Smith, James, 34, 36 
Smith, Major, 204 
Smith, Nicholas, 32 
Smithson, James, 39, 60, 81 
Sommerton, Thomas, 60 
Spencer, Edmund, 87 
St Helen s Chapel, 136, 137, 146, 

178, 205 
Stafford, 12 



Stand Chapel, 186 

Standish, 42, 43, 61, 66, 6*, 70, 

71, 98, 165 

Standish, Sir Richard, 164, 1^5 
Staveley, 10, 16, 17, 204 
Strettell, James, 45, 182, 185 
Stretford Chapel, 102 
Stout Family, The, 41, 49 
Sutcliffe, John, 83, 86 
Sutton, 42, 136, 137, 183 
Swarthmoor, 10, 18, 19, 22, 24-16, 

42, 51, 57. 106, "5 
Swaledale Papers, The, 12 
Sykes, James, 45, 53, 61, 148 



Tarbock, Richard, 136-138 
Tarbock, Thomas, 40, 42, 136-138 
Tatham, 32, 63, 74, 184, 197 
Tatham, Marmaduke, 30, 74, 174, 

176 

Taylor, Christopher, 12, 59 
Taylor, George, 77 
Taylor, Henry, 206 
Taylor, James, 16 
Taylor, Matthew, 80 
Taylor, Roger, 178 
Taylor, Seth, 165 
Taylor, Thomas, 12, 59 
Tetlow, Robert, 61, 148 
Thome, John, 36 
Thompson, Thomas, 36 
Thompson, William, 36 
Thompson, William, 65 
Thormey, 144, 190 
Thornton, 63, 74 
Thropp, Roger, 161 
Tilsley, John, 205-207, 208 
Todmorden Chapel, 100 
Toleration Act, The, 27, 198 
Tomkins, Mary, 50 
Tomlinson, Henry, 37, 57, 162, 195 
Tomlinson, Thomas, 37, 57, 163,195 
Tomlinson, William, 105 
Topham, John, 74 
Tottington, 45, 139-142, 166 
Tottlebank, 17 
Towers, Hugh, 112 
Towers, James, 184 
Towers, William, 56 
Townley, Lawrence, 86 
Townley, Nicholas, 143, 146 
Townson, Henry, 53, no, 113 
Townson, John, 29, 37, 50, 53, 57, 

105, 126, 163, 164, 169, 170 
Toxteth Park, 136, 137, 159, ifr 



INDEX 



219 



Trawden, 39 
Tunstall, 74, 197 
Turner, G. L., 61, 63, 200 
Turner, William, 103 
Twisden, Judge, 115 
Twiston, 38, 81, 86, 127, 128 
Tyldesley, Edmund, 197 



Ulverston, 10, 17-24, 62, 104, 113, 

117, 121, 184, 197, 203 
Underbarrow, 10, 12, 16, 18, 26 
Underwood, John, 40, 103, in 
Uniformity Act, The, 21, 32, 41, 

6x, 198, 207 
Unsworth, Ann, 186 
Unsworth, John, 168 
Upholland, 91, 94. 95, 97, 9$ 



V 

Vaux, William, 97 
Veepon, Henry, 189 
Veitch, Dr, 103 
Vipon, John, 38, 55 



W 



Waddington, John, 80, 204 
Waide, Robert, 80, 83, 88 
Waithman, William, 31, 54, 122 
Wakefield, 9, 22 
Wales, Robert, 52, 117 
Walker, Henry, 76 
Walker, Mary, 55 
Waller, Richard, 35 
Walmsley, John, 181 
Walmsley, Thomas, 76 
Walton, 41, 1 60 
Walton-le-Dale, 41, 72, 75, 77, 79, 

87, 88 

Walton, Henry, 56 
Warren, Edward, 129, 133 
Warrington, 42-44, 91, 97, 98, 102, 

129-133, 136, 137, 146, 160, 161, 

164, 1 86, 189, 205 
Warton, 31, 62, in 
Waterhouse, N., 35, 42 
Watson, Mary, 172, 173 
Watson, Peter, 204 
Watson, Samuel, 135 
Wavertree, 160, 190 
Weaver, Richard, 36, 50 
Weaver, William, 169-171 



Welch, Henry, 208 

Wensleydale, 10 

West, Christopher, 50, 78, 88, 91 

West, William, 123 

Westby Hall, 71 

Westby, Mrs, 71 

Westhoughton, 46, 101, 207 

Westmorland, 10, u, 25, 26, 58 

Whaley, ,71 

Whalley, 38, 74, 78, 80, 83-85, 88, 

89, 91, 128, 143, 152, 153, 189 
Whalley, Roger, 189 
Whalley, William, 39, 55, 57 
Wharton, Lord, 12 
Whipp, James, 38, 39, 75, 77, Hi, 

82, 86, 127-129 
\Vhitaker, James, 38 
White, John, 35, 51, 53, 126, 195 
Whitehead, Thomas, 24 
Whittaker, James, 87 
Whittington, 74 
Whittle, 68, 70, 71 
Widders, Robert, 24, 30, 49, 52, 

60, 104, 108, in, 112, 121, 126, 

203 

Widders, Thomas, 31 
Wigan, 34, 40, 42, 93-98, 109, no, 

156-161, 164, 165, 168, 183, 

185, 187, 189-190, 204 
W r igan, John, 32 
Wilde, Isaac, 100, 148 
Wilde, James, 172, 173 
Wildman, Elizabeth, 32 
Wildman, Geoffrey, 74 
Wildman, Marmaduke, 73 
Wilkinson, Anne, 60, 79 
Wilkinson, Christopher, 149-155 
Wilkinson, Hugh, 150, 151 
Wilkinson, James, 60 
Wilkinson, Lawrence, 79 
Wilkinson, Richard, 75 
Wilkinson-Story Separation, The, 

26 

Williamson, Mrs, 204 
Williamson, William, 204 
Willoughby (Willeby), 205 
Wilson, John, 206 
Wilson, Michael, no 
Wilson, Richard, 77 
Wilson, Thomas, 104, 113 
Wilson, William, 52 
Windermere, 16, 34 
Windle, 103, in, 1 35-137, 1 57> 

158, 177-179, 205 
Winstanley, 158, 185 
Winstanley Family, The, 158 
Winstanley, Peter, 168 
Winterbotham, Gervase, 65 



220 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE 



Win wick, 91, 92, 95-98, 102 

Wiswell, 79, 91 

Withington, 191 

Withnell, 68, 70 

Wolsley Family, The, 158 

Wood, Henry, 47, 48, 51, 53, 56, 

139-142 

Wood, James, 207 
Wood, John, 45, 51 
Wood burn, Mary, 56 
Woodward, Edward, 68 
Worthington, Alice, 139-142 
Worthington, Esther, 139-142, 162 
Worthington, James, 139-142 
Wray, 30, 173-177, 191 



Wright, James, 44 
Wright, John, 205 
Wrightington, 20 } 
Wycliffe, n 
Wymondhouses, 20 \ 



Yarrow Bridge, 204 

Yanvay, Elizabeth, 136-138 

Yates, Roger, 206 

Yealand, 12, 31, 43, in, 112, 184, 

203 
Yorkshire, 9, 12, 59, 99 



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BX Nightingale, Benjamin 

7670 Early stages of the 

L3N5 Quaker movement in 
Lancashire