EARLY STAGES OF THE QUAKER
MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
BOOR S BY THE SAME AUTHOR
THE EJECTED OF 1662 IN CUMBERLAND
HISTORY OF INDEPENDENCY IN TOCKHOLES
THE STORY OF THE LANCASHIRE CONGRE
THK SERMON ON THE MOUNT IN RELATION
TO THE PRESENT WAR
CONSCIENCE AND THE WAR
FROM THE GREAT AWAKENING TO THE
FIDELITY TO AN IDEAL
ISAAC AMBROSE, THE RELIGIOUS MYSTIC
THOMAS JOLLIE OF ALTHAM AND
THE HEROIC AGE OF CONGREGATIONALISM
EARLY STAGES OF THE
REV. B. NIGHTINGALE, M.A., LlTT.D.
CONGREGATIONAL UNION OF ENGLAND AND WALES, INC.
MEMORIAL HALL, E.C.4
Printed in Grtat Britain
h Turnbullfr Sftart, Edinburgh
A FEW years ago while engaged in some historical research
work in Cumberland and /Westmorland, relating mainly
to the I7th century, I came much into contact with the
Quaker movement of that period. Not that that was the
first time that my interest in it had been aroused. George
Fox has long had for me special fascination, as one of
those great religious mystics, who appear occasionally
in religious history, and who are rarely understood at
the time, but whose service to the cause of religion is
incalculable. I say this the more readily because in
the pages which follow, I have ventured to be somewhat
critical of the doings of him and his immediate followers ;
and it seems to jne that it is better to say frankly that the
movement suffered considerably because of the extra
vagances of some of its early leaders. Of course, those
days were quite different from these. Things were then
done that we should never dream of doing to-day, and
language was plain and blunt almost to coarseness. In
this respect Quakerism was simply like every other
movement in its first stages ; it required time to sober,
chasten, and purify it.
How largely the movement captured Cumberland and
Westmorland is common knowledge ; but it has been
somewhat of a revelation to myself to find that it was
so widespread in Lancashire ; and it is to make this clear
that the following pages have been written.
My indebtedness to those whose works I have used, is
acknowledged in the body of the book ; but special
mention should be made of much kindly help from Dr
Farrer of Whitbarrow Lodge, Mr W. C. Braithwaite of
Banbury, Mr Dilworth Abbatt of Preston, Mr Norman
6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Penney of the Friends Library, London, and the
Custodians of the Sessions Records in Preston.
What has specially impressed me in the study of I7th
century religious history is the wealth of Quaker literature
relating thereto and its value to the student, not merely
because of the light which it throws upon the Quaker
movement, but not less so upon Nonconformist religious
history in general. No student of that history can
neglect it without the most serious loss. He will often
find there the information of which he is in quest when
it cannot be found elsewhere.
One word is necessary in reference to the Index. My
first intention was that it should contain the names of
all the places and persons that appear in the book;
indeed, I had prepared one such for it, when it was
found that the book had already far exceeded the number
of pages originally designed. The Index had, therefore,
to be considerably curtailed. Principal names of persons
and places have been retained, and, under different dis
tricts, will be found lists of Quakers, etc. The reader
will, therefore, experience no serious difficulty in finding
the name of any person in whom he may be interested.
It is stated repeatedly in the body of the work that
names frequently assume different forms, but in the
Index one only is given, and it is not certain that
the references under the name are always to the same
I cannot hope to carry all with me to the conclusions
to which I have been led ; but if the book helps us to
realize afresh the steady and unwavering fidelity to
religious principle, in spite of the fiercest and most
persistent persecution, of the people whose story it tells,
it will serve a very useful purpose in these days.
MlLTONA, RlLEY AVENUE,
GEORGE Fox IN LANCASHIRE 9
THE WITNESSING FACTS : 2 7
1. SUFFERINGS OF THE QUAKERS .... 27
2. THE FIRST PUBLISHERS OF THE TRUTH . 58
3. THE CONVENTICLE RETURNS OF 1669 . 61
4. CHURCH PAPERS . . 63
5. RECORDS OF THE QUARTER SESSIONS . . 103
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING . 198
Early Stages of the
Quaker Movement in Lancashire
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE
IN the early part of 1652, George Fox, the Founder of
the Quaker movement, made his first real acquaintance
with Lancashire. A native of Fenny Dray ton in Leicester
shire, his earliest efforts as Missionary of the new Evangel
of which he had come into possession, were devoted to his
own County and the neighbouring Counties of Derby and
Nottingham. It was in the year 1647, after much
wandering " in solitary places " as "a man of Sorrows,"
that he definitely gave himself to his Mission and began
that career of itinerant preaching, which bore such re
markable fruit ; and, five years after its commencement,
a journey into the West Riding of Yorkshire brought him
to the Lancashire border. Passing through Wakefield
and Bradford, and proceeding still westward, he says :
" We came near a very great high hill, called Pendle-
hill, and I was moved of the Lord to go up to the top of
it ; which I did with much ado, it was so very steep and
high. When I was come to the top, I saw the sea bordering
upon Lancashire. From the top of this hill the Lord let
me see in what places he had a great people to be gathered.
As I went down I found a spring of water in the side of
the hill, with which I refreshed myself, having eaten or
drank but little several days before." 1
Subsequently he informs us that the " great people in
white raiment by a river side, coming to the Lord," of
1 Journal, p. 66. Ed. 1765.
io QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
whom he had had the vision from the top of Pendle, were
about Wensleydale and Sedbergh, 1 the river being the
beautiful Lune, which flows not far from the latter place.
It was from Sedbergh that he went to Firbank, the gate
of entrance for him and his movement into Westmor
land, amidst whose majestic solitudes a thousand people
had assembled to hear the strange preacher. There he
won the first of those sweeping victories, which this and
the neighbouring County of Cumberland supplied so richly
during the next few years. From Firbank he went by
easy stages to Preston Patrick, Kendal and Underbarrow,
in the same County, entering Lancashire at Newton and
Staveley, whence he proceeded to Ulverston, in whose
immediate neighbourhood is Swarthmoor, 2 which became
the Mecca of the Quaker movement.
This, however, was not the first visit which Fox had
paid to Lancashire. In 1647, the very year in which he
began his Mission, he says :
" I heard of a woman in Lancashire, who had fasted
two-and-twenty days, and I travelled to see her ; but when
I came to her, I saw she was under a temptation. When
I had spoken to her what I had from the Lord, I left
her, her father being high in profession. Passing on, I
went among the professors at Duckenfield and Manchester,
where I staid a while, and declared truth among them.
There were some convinced, who received the Lord s
teaching, by which they were confirmed, and stood in the
truth. The professors were in a rage, all pleading for sin
and imperfection ; and could not endure to hear talk of
perfection, or of a holy and sinless life. But the Lord s
power was over all ; though they were chained under
darkness and sin, which they pleaded for, and quenched
the tender thing in them." 3
This Manchester visit was too brief to yield much fruit ;
1 Journal, p. 67. Ed. 1765.
1 This spelling is retained throughout except in quotations from other
writers some of whom prefer Swarthmorc.
Journal, pp. n, 12. Ed. 1765.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE n
and, as previously intimated, it was near the beginning
of 1652 that Lancashire was first entered for serious work,
the northern part, the part which borders upon West
morland and Cumberland, which, in its physical character
istics it so closely resembles, and to which formerly it
ecclesiastically belonged, opening the door and extending
a welcome to him.
Traces of Quakerism are usually sought in the early
Lollardism of a district, and especially in a people who
came to be known as " Seekers," because of their attitude
of " waiting upon God " and " seeking " after the truth,
in particular, the truth about the Church which they
believed to have been lost. Nor can there be any
objection to that : for a great movement like the Quaker
movement cannot possibly originate with a single man.
Generally there is " a voice crying in the wilderness "
for years before the new day comes. John the Baptist
heralded the approach of the Messiah and Wycliffe was
" the morning star of the Reformation." " George
Fox did not so much originate," writes one, " as emphasize
certain ideas which were floating in the religious atmo
sphere of his day." l That statement contains an
element of truth, though it scarcely does justice to the
part which George Fox played in the matter. The move
ment was so markedly his own ; he so imprinted his own
personality upon it ; and it was so indebted to him for
its initial impulse and phenomenal success that, if ever
the name " Founder " was appropriate, it is so as applied
to Fox in his relation to Quakerism.
In Lancashire, however, no traces of Lollardism have
yet been discovered ; and evidence has still to be supplied
of the existence of the Seekers as such. It is contended
by Mr Braithwaite, in his valuable work, The Beginnings
of Quakerism, that in the neighbouring County of West
morland, the evidence for the presence of a strong Seeker
community is very considerable. Preston Patrick, south
of Kendal, and very near the Lancashire border, is par-
1 Our Lollard Ancestors, by W. H. Summers, p. 114.
12 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
ticularly singled out by him as an instance. " The
Chapel at Preston Patrick," says he, " became the centre
of a community of Seekers, who came to the General
Meeting held there once a month, from Sedbergh in York
shire, Yealand and Kellet in Lancashire, and Kendal,
Underbarrow, Grayrigg, and Mutton in Westmorland.
They were the most zealous and religious Roundheads
and Puritans in the district, and, as the newly discovered
Swaledale Papers show, provided Taylor with a stipend
of fifty pounds a year. The community had a vigorous
spiritual life with a ministry springing up in its midst,
and Taylor would sometimes let two of these ministers,
John Audland and Francis Howgill, preach in his pulpit." 1
Thomas Taylor, 2 the person in question, afterwards
removed to Richmond, and Mr -Braithwaite says that the
" Preston Patrick community were left to their resources
in the matter of ministry, relying chiefly on Audland and
Howgill, but having help from several others. They are
described at this time as separated from the world s
worship and empty dry forms of religion, and fostering
their fellowship and spiritual life by frequent meetings,
1 P. So.
1 Thomas Taylor is described by Mr Braithwaitc as an Oxford
graduate who came to Preston Patrick from Carlton, near Skipton.
Mr Penney says that he was brother to Christopher Taylor, "priest of a
Chappell called Chappell in the Bycrs " betwixt Brighouse and Halifax.
Thomas Taylor served periods of imprisonment at Appleby, Lancaster,
York, Derby, and elsewhere, was in prison from 1662 until 1672, the
year of the Indulgence. His death took place at Stafford after imprison
ment in that place. Nicholson (Older Nonconformity in Kendal, p. 32)
says that he was " an Anabaptist, and minister of a separate congrega
tion at Preston Patrick." Whatever may have been his exact position
at that time he definitely joined the Friends about 1652, and devoted
his energies to the furtherance of their cause. Among works from
his pen is Truth s Innocency (1697). In the Ejected of 1662, p. 606
(Nightingale) Is a reference to a Mr Taylor, who, I am inclined to
think, was the person in question. It occurs in Henry . itcr
to Lord Wharton, dated Dec. 21, 1646, in which complaint is made of.
his Lordship s sympathy with men of Taylor s type, \vi .,,-n-
dcncy was a source of great concern to Masy. If the conjecture
of identity be correct, it suggests that at this time Taylor was an
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 13
sometimes sitting in silence, often having times of fervent
prayer, sometimes engaging in religious conferences.
Several of the Seekers had openings from the Lord,
from which they could have declared excellent things,
having some sight or comprehension thereof, yet wanted
the inward possession of the virtue, life and power of what
they declared, and in this state continued many days.
It was at this point in their history that the Westmorland
Seekers came into contact with George Fox." l The
great meeting at Firbank, Mr Braithwaite says, was a
meeting of these Seekers, and the " convincement " which
followed was " the acceptance of Fox and his message by
the important community of Seekers, which had its
centre at Preston Patrick," 2 John Audland 3 and Francis
Howgill 4 being among the converts. There is some risk
in so closely identifying the Seekers and Quakers, as even
Mr Braithwaite suggests in the following :
" On the other hand, as Penn points out, the Seekers
sometimes developed into Ranters, and it must not be
supposed that the Quaker movement, except in certain
districts, absorbed the Seekers en masse." 5
If, however, the claim for the Seeker origin of the
Preston Patrick community be allowed, and if it be
further conceded that being quite contiguous to Lanca
shire the latter County would be influenced by it, the
contention still holds as to the lack of evidence for the
Seeker movement in the County apart from that very
limited area. It restricted itself to that particular
district, except in so far as it spread north into West
morland and Cumberland.
1 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 82. 2 Ibid., p. 26.
8 John Audland, probably connected with the Audlands of Preston,
was born about 1630. He was a linen draper of Crosslands, near
Preston Patrick, and became eminent among the Friends.
4 Francis Howgill was born in 1618, and lived at Todthorne, near
Grayrigg, as a tailor and farmer. Both Audland and Howgill are
described as being preachers, first among the Independents, and next
Anabaptists. Howgill, like Audland, became a prominent Friend, and
several works from his pen still remain.
5 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 27.
14 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
What Lancashire lacked, however, in this respect it
more than supplied in its pre-eminently Puritan charac
ter : and it needs to be remembered that Quakerism was
an aspect of the great Puritan movement for which the
i6th and I7th centuries are noted. It is quite the custom
with not a few writers to take an entirely opposite view,
to regard the Quaker movement, as a protest against a
Puritanism, whose " formalism " and " endless theological
subtleties " explain the phenomenal success which the
movement won in its earlier stages. Even Mr Braith-
waite comes near such a position in the following passage,
where, speaking of the Seeker and Quaker movements,
he says :
They were continuous with one another. Under the
new conditions of religious freedom on the one hand, and
active religious controversy on the other, which prevailed
in England from the assembling of the Long Parlia
ment, there had been a sudden growth of sects, which
took their shape from the light, airy imaginations, or the
deep spiritual yearnings of their votaries. There were
thousands of honest-hearted persons who used their
freedom to make a quest after truth, and many of these
found no rest either in forms or doctrines, and whether
they called themselves Seekers or not were weary with
their travelling through the Sects and athirst for the
gospel of a living Christ." l
Surely that statement is somewhat misleading : for
Quakerism cannot claim to be more than one of the
numerous Sects to which that prolific age gave birth ;
and, if under the terms " forms " and " doctrines "
Puritanism is intended, against which Quakerism is said
to have risen in protest, injustice is done to Puritanism.
Such a view, indeed, is based upon a misreading of the
situation. It is, of course, true that the perennial peril
of all religion is formalism, and that Puritanism in
common with every other form of religious life was
exposed to that peril; but Puritanism, as the very
1 The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 27.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 15
name suggests, for considerably more than half a
century, had been in the death grips with the for
malism and corruptions of the Church. From the
days of Matthew Parker, Richard Bancroft, and John
Whitgift to those of Strafford and Laud, it had been
fighting for bare life, not a few of its adherents having
suffered greatly in consequence. There had been
martyrdoms on a considerable scale ; men, women and
children had gone to New England, Holland and else
where in still larger numbers ; and countless multitudes,
electing to remain in the homeland and continue the
struggle, had suffered imprisonment, fine and loss. At
the very time in question Puritanism was particularly
zealous in the interests of a simple worship, a pure doctrine
and a spiritual Church. The terrible iconoclasm of
Cromwell and the Puritans of Cromwell s day, often very
greatly exaggerated, is one of the serious charges, which
opponents persist in bringing against his rule. Recently
Puritanism had won its victory, but much too recently
to have become the formal, dead, corrupt and question
able thing, which some writers are in the habit of declaring
it to be. It was the living fighting force in the nation.
Quakerism was really part of that " new spirit that was
abroad in the land." It is nothing to the purpose that
Fox himself, with all the passion of his intense soul, and
in language not always calculated to win his hearers,
assailed the Puritan preachers of his day equally with
others. He made no distinction among them. They
were all to him " hireling priests " and the places in
which they ministered " steeple houses," though many of
those preachers are among the most honoured names in
religious history, because of the saintliness of their char
acter and the unselfish devotion of their service. In the
superabundance of its life Puritanism sought expression
in many forms, which not infrequently antagonized one
another ; but, none the less, were they part of that
widespread movement that was in revolt against the
oppressions and superstitions of centuries of religious
16 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
misrule on the part of the dominant Church of the nation,
a movement to which, in all its parts, the general name
of Puritan belongs.
George Fox made his way into Lancashire at a point
near the southern end of the Windermere Lake, and the
value of the recent Cambridge Edition of his Journal
comes in here. He tells about leaving Underbarrow for
James Dickenson s house, which was at Crosthwaite,
and from thence he says : "I came to James Taylor s
[of Newton in Cartmell] & on ye first day I went to one
preist Camelford s chappell & after hee had donne I
began to speake ye worde of life to ym & Camelforde
was in such a rage & such a frett & soe peevish yt hee
had noe patiens to heare but stirred uppe ye rude multitude
& they rudely haled mee out & strucke mee & punched mee
& tooke mee & threw mee headelonge over a stone wall :
but blessed be ye Lorde his power preserved mee [ye
kcrke warden] was one Jo : Knipe whome ye Lorde after
cutt off whoe threwe mee doune headelonge over ye wall !
And there was a youth yt was writeinge after ye preist
I was moved to speake to him & hee came to bee con-
vinct & became a fine minister of ye Gospell whose name
was John Braithwaite." l From the reading in the
Ellwood Edition of the Journal (1765) it might be
inferred that Gabriel Camelford lived at Newton in
Cartmell, but that is not suggested by the passage just
cited ; and from other evidence we know that his home
was at Staveley, near Lakeside, whence he suffered
Ejection after the Restoration. Fox s language about
" preist Camelford," is strong ; and Margaret Fell,
writing to Francis Benson, 2 in 1655, even improves upon
1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 46. This new issue of the Journal of
George Fox, edited by Mr Norman Penney, F.S.A., and published in
1911, is simply invaluable to the student of Quaker history. In addition
to much else, Mr Penney has enriched it with copious notes about many
of the characters that appear in it, and I gladly acknowledge my in
debtedness to them for much of the information contained in the notes
in the present work.
Francis Benson, whose wife was Dorothy, liv d at " Fould in
Loughrigge " in Langdalc meeting, Westmorland.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 17
it. "If ever yee owne the liveinge God or his people,"
says she, " yee must deny Camellford . . . and if yee
owne Camellford then yee deny God." 1 This language,
however, should not be taken too seriously. Those were
not days of smooth speech and elegant diction. The
lampooner, the rhymester, and satirist were common.
If the pen was virile it was often vitriolic ; and nowhere
did this obtain more than in the domain of religion.
Camelford s character is above suspicion. The Common
wealth Survey for 1650 speaks of him as " a godly and
painful man in his calling " 2 ; and Calamy refers to him as
" an useful Preacher in this remote Corner." 3 He clung to
the neighbourhood after his Ejection ; suffered much for
his steadfastness ; appears in the list of those who had
to be searched for arms ; 4 licensed two or three houses
for preaching during the Indulgence period ; became the
first Pastor of the Nonconformist cause which is repre
sented by the Baptist Church at Tottlebank ; and died
From Staveley George Fox went on to Lindal, in whose
" steeple house or chappell when ye priest had donne,"
he " spoake " both to him and the people, where were
" great opposers," who " after came to be convinct."
Here were Captain Sandys and his wife, who " if they
coulde have had ye worlde & truth they woulde have
received it ; but they was hypocrites & hee a very chaffy
light man [& ye way was to streight for ym]." 5
Adam Sandys, the person referred to, was the repre
sentative of an old family in this district. He lived at
Bouth, no great distance from Ulverston, of which town
he was Chief Constable, and was on the Parliament side.
Sewel has the following story in reference to a meeting
at his house, in which both William Lampit, the Ulverston
minister, and Gabriel Camelford are involved. Miles
1 Journal, Camb. Ed., p. 406.
2 Commonwealth Church Survey (Rec. Society), p. 142.
* Account of Ejected Ministers, vol. ii. p. 413 (1713 Ed.)
* Vide p. 204. 5 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47.
i8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Halhead of Underbarrow, 1 who afterwards became pro
minent as a Quaker preacher, came, says Sewel, about
this time " to Furneiss in Lancashire, to the House of
Captain Adam Sands, where he found a great Number
of Professors gather d, and Priest Lampitt preaching.
But as soon as Myles enter d Lampitt was silent, which
continuing a pretty while Captain Sands said to him, Sir,
What s the matter ? Are you not well ? To which
the Priest answer d, I am well, but I shall speak no
more as long as this dumb Devil is in the House. A
dumb Devil, said the Captain, where is he ? This
is he, said the Priest pointing with his Hand, that
standeth there. Then the Captain said, This Man is
quiet, and saith nothing to you : I pray you, Sir, go on
in the Name of the Lord, and if he trouble or molest you
in my House, I will send him to Lancaster Castle. But
the Priest said again, I shall not preach as long as this
dumb Devil is in the House. Then the Captain said to one
Camelford, a Priest also, I pray you, Sir, stand up, and
exercise your Gift, and I will see that you be not disturbed.
But this Priest answered as the other, I shall not speak
as long as this dumb Devil is in the House. Then the
People cry d Lord rebuke thee Satan, Lord, rebuke thee
Satan ; What manner of Spirit is this that stops our
Ministers Mouths. Then the Captain came to Myles,
and taking him by the Hand, led him out of the House.
In all that Time he had not spoke a Word, and saw now
the Accomplishment of what he had been persuaded of be
fore, viz., That an invisible Power would confound by him
the Wisdom of the Priests when he spoke never a word." a
" From thence," says Fox, " I came to Ulverston &
soe to Swarth moore to Judge ffells." 3 Thomas Fell,
the owner and occupant of Swarthmoor, was also the
1 Miles Halhead, born about 1614, lived at Mountjoy, near Under
barrow, Westmorland. Converted to the Quaker faith in 1652 he
travelled as a preacher both in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and
suffered frequent imprisonment.
History of the Quakers, pp. 72, 73. 3 Journal, Cumb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 19
representative of an old Furness family. He adopted the
Parliamentary cause, became Magistrate, Judge, Vice-
Chancellor and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
and M.P. for the County. His wife was Margaret,
daughter of John Askew of Marsh Grange, Dalton-in-
Furness. Her supposed descent from Anne Askew, the
Marian martyr, is now generally discredited. Both she
and her husband were devoted members of William
Lampit s congregation at Ulverston ; and their home at
Swarthmoor seems to have been a kind of open house for
ministers and religious people generally. That will
account for the fact that George Fox made his way thither
seemingly without any special invitation. The Judge
was away at the time of his visit and so appears to have
been his wife, but there " came uppe preist Lampitt
which I perceived had beene & was still a ranter in his
minde & I had a great deale of reasoninge with him :
for hee woulde talk of high notions & perfection & thereby
deceived ye people : & hee woulde have owned mee butt
I coulde not owne him nor joine with him hee was soe
full of filth." l On her return at night Margaret Fell was
distressed to find that Fox and her minister had dis
agreed. The day following William Lampit came again
to Swarthmoor and Fox says :
" I had a great deale of discourse with him before
Margaret fell whoe soone then discerned ye preist cleerely
& a convincement came upon her & her family of ye Lords
truth ; & there was a humiliation day (shortly after within
a day or two) kept att Ulverston & m.ff . askt mee to goe
to ye Steeplehouse with her ; for shee was not wholely
come off & I saide I must doe as I am ordered of ye Lorde
butt I walked in ye feilds & then ye worde of ye Lorde
came to mee to goe to ye steeplehouse after ym & when I
came ye preist Lampitt was singinge with his people &
his spiritt & his stuffe was soe foule yt I was moved of ye
Lord to speake to him & ye people after they had donne
1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 47. a Ibid., p> 4 8,
20 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Fox tells us that " one Justice Sawrey l cryed take him
away," but that " Judge ffells wife saide to ye officers lett
him alone why may not hee speake as well as any other " ;
and that " Lampitt saide for decepte lett him speake."
" Soe att last," he continues, " when I had declared a
pretty while ye Constable putt mee out." 2
William Lampit, the Ulverston minister, with whom
Fox was now brought into contact, is a most interesting
personality. From the very first Fox appears to have
had the strongest aversion to him ; and there are few
characters in his Journal, against whom he indulges
in more bitter and violent language than that which he
employs in relation to the Ulverston minister. He even
infected with his spirit and language the children of
Judge Fell : for three years afterwards, he records in his
Journal that Mary, the Judge s eight year old daughter,
" was moved of ye Lorde to goe & speake to preist Lampitt
& to tell him yt ye Lord woulde poure out ye vialls of
his wrath upon him." The actual document, brown
\\ith age, endorsed " mary fell to a prest," " when she
was 8 years old 1655," has just been discovered, and in
it are the following words :
" Lampitt the plaiges of god shall fall upon thee, &
the seuen viols shall bee powerd upon thee, & the milstone
shall fall upon thee, & crush thee as dost under the lords
feete how Can thou escape the damnation of hell, This did
the lord give mee as I lay in bed, Mary fell." 3
Shortly after his meeting with Lampit, George Fox
sends a letter to him in which he speaks of him as " a
decever surfeted & druncke with ye earthly spirit rambling
up and downe in ye scriptures ... a beast smotheringe
& tumblinge in ye earth & lust," and says : " When
yu art in thy torment, thoug now yu swelst in thy vanitie
& livest in thy wickedness remember thou wast warned
in thy life time when ye eternal condemnation is reatched
1 Probably Roger Sawrey, the distinguished Cromwellian soldier and
eminent Nonconformist, whose home was for some while at Broughton
Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 48. Ibid., pp. 231, 439.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 21
over yee." 1 A like communication was sent to Lampit s
congregation, in which he is referred to as "a blind guid "
and he and they as " a cage of uncleane birds." Another
letter " to the false christs & priest lamperd in Ulverston
in lanksher " in 1652 is much after the same type ; and,
even in his notice of his death, he speaks of him as "an
old deceiver and perverter of the right way of the Lord
and a persecutor of the people of God."
As in the case of Camelford, William Lampit deserves
to occupy a place of prominence among the illustrious
men of that heroic age ; but George Fox found in him
one of his most powerful antagonists because he was
much after his own type. He was a man of strong
convictions and held views bordering upon the extreme.
He passed among men as an Independent and for his
principles suffered not a little. To Calamy he was
little known, but much of his life has been rescued from
obscurity, and it is told with considerable fulness in The
Ejected of 1662 in Cumberland and Westmorland? He
was ejected from his living at Aikton in Cumberland
previous to his advent to Ulverston. At the latter place
he was outed through the Uniformity Act, but like his
neighbour, Gabriel Camelford, he remained in the district.
Together they preached as they had opportunity ;
together they licensed houses for public worship during
the Indulgence period ; together they suffered excom
munication and fines ; and together they helped to found
Furness Nonconformity. William Lampit died about
1677, shortly after Gabriel Camelford ; but in neither
case has the place of burial been discovered.
George Fox believed that outside the Quaker circle
the religion of the country was utterly corrupt and
wrong, and the serious reflections which he was in the
habit of making upon the Churches and ministers without
discrimination are to be interpreted in that light. They
1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. pp. 77, 88. * Ibid., Ed. 1765, p. 495.
3 Nightingale. Published in two volumes by the Manchester Uni
versity in 1911.
22 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
were honestly meant, of course, but in point of fact they
are frequently not only caricatures, but quite incorrect ;
for as already intimated, religion at this time was par
ticularly alive, and many of the men in charge of the
Churches were among the most devoted and saintly that
the Church has ever reared. And it says much for the
real worth of the man, for his manifest sincerity and the
unspeakable value of his work, that in spite of these and
many other defects, which marked the spirit, utterances
and actions of himself and many of his followers in the
early stages of his movement, George Fox holds an
unchallenged place in the reverence and affection of all
sections of the Christian Church.
During the period of his first stay at Swarthmoor
visits were paid to Aldingham, Rampside, Dalton,
Walney Island, Baycliff, and "to a Chapell beyonde
Gleeston which was built but never preist had preached
in it : where all ye Country uppe & doune came & a quiet
peaceable mee tinge it was where ye worde of life was
declared amongst ym & many was convinced about
Gleeston." After this he says : " I returned to Swarth-
more again." l
A brief stay at Kendal and other places in Westmor
land followed, and in the meantime, Judge Fell returned
home. Met on his way by " a party of captains and
magistrates all in a great state of anger, who told him
that the Quakers had bewitched his family, and taken
them out of their religion and must be packed off or all
the country would be undone," 2 the Judge was greatly
offended and troubled. On his arrival he found Richard
Farnsworth 3 and James Nayler, 4 two prominent Quaker
1 Journal, Camb. Ed., vol. i. p. 50.
* Braithwaite s Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 103.
* Richard Farnsworth belonged to Tick Hill in Yorkshire. He
travelled much and suffered considerably. In reference to a visit to
Wakeficld he says : " At night the devill did rage. Stones flew as fast
as Bullits in a Battle but not so much as one received any harme."
He died in London in 1666.
* James Nayler was born at Ardsley near Wakefield in 1618, and after
his adoption of Quaker principles and suffering much for them in the
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 23
leaders at the Hall, who " perswaded him to be still and
weigh things before he took any action." " And then,"
says Margaret Fell, " was he pretty moderate and quiet,
and his dinner being ready, he went to it, and I went in
and sat me down by him. And whilst I was sitting, the
power of the Lord seized upon me ; and he was stricken
with amazement and knew not what to think, but was
quiet and still. And the children were all quiet and still
and grown sober, and could not play on their music that
they were learning, and all these things made him quiet
and still. And then at night George Fox came ; and
after supper my husband was sitting in the parlour, and
I asked him if George Fox might come in, and he said,
Yes. So George came in without any compliment, and
walked into the room, and began to speak presently, and
the family and James Nayler and Richard Farnsworth
came all in, and spoke very excellently as ever I heard
him and opened Christ and the Apostles practices which
they were in, in their day. And he opened the night of
apostacy, since the Apostles days and laid open the priests
and their practices in the apostacy, that if all in England
had been there I thought they could not have denied the
truth of these things. And so my husband came to see
clearly the truth of what he spoke, and was very quiet
that night, and said no more and went to bed." 1
Judge Fell never openly joined the Quaker movement,
but his sympathies appear to have gone much with it ;
and, until his death in October 1658, he continued to
befriend its supporters in various ways.
It is not intended in this work to follow in detail
north he went to London in 1655. There he drew considerable
audiences and became one of the most extreme men in the movement.
He even permitted homage to be done to him after the manner of Christ,
and both in London and Bristol heavy punishments were inflicted upon
him. Later he repented and was reinstated in the affection and respect
of the Friends whom his extravagances had alienated. Much has been
written about him ; he is indeed one of the most prominent figures in
Quaker history. He died in 1660. Vide The Ejected, etc. (Nightingale),
vol ii. pp. 933-938, for some interesting information about Nayler.
1 Brathwaite s Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 103.
24 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
the career of George Fox in Lancashire, and a few further
sentences in relation to it must suffice. At Kellet he met
with Robert Widders, who also became one of the most
vigorous missionaries of the new movement ; at Lancaster
after declaring the truth "to the priest and people" in the
" steeple house " he was " haled out and stoned along the
street " ; at Halton he went " to the steeple house by
the waterside where one Whitehead x was priest, to whom
and to the people he declared the truth in the dreadful
power of God " ; and he returned to Ulverston and was
mobbed. A warrant issued against him led to his appear
ance at the Lancaster Assizes, but the case was dismissed,
probably through the influence of Judge Fell. The year
following he accepted a challenge to dispute from " priest
Bennett 2 of Cartmell," paid a visit to " Arnesyde, there
was a many people," and went into Cumberland for a
great Mission, where he won the most striking success, thus
being for some time absent from Lancashire. In 1657 he
undertook a journey to Scotland, on his way including
Liverpool, Manchester, Preston, Lancaster, Sandside, in
all of which places and others en route he had " many
precious meetings," 3 proceeding to Swarthmoor where
he had " a little respite from travel." From Swarthmoor
he went north and after covering a considerable area in
Scotland made his way back to England keeping mainly
to the eastern side, but taking in Swarthmoor. In 1660
and 1663 he was again in this part of the County visiting
the various places where companies of his followers were
located, and on each occasion he spent some months in
Lancaster Castle. In 1675 he paid a somewhat lengthy,
and what appears to have been a last, visit to these parts.
Previous to this, on the 27th of October 1669, George
1 Thomas Whitehead of Halton, ejected from this place by the
Uniformity Act, and not as commonly supposed from Dalton-in-
* Philip Bennett was ejected from Ulverston, but afterwards he
conformed. For full account of him Vide The Ejected of 1662, etc.
Journal, Ed. 1765. p. 244.
GEORGE FOX IN LANCASHIRE 25
Fox and Margaret Fell had been married at Bristol. In
his Journal, Fox says that " he had seen from the Lord
a considerable time before," that he should take Margaret
Fell to be his wife. " And when I first mentioned it to
her," he continues, " she felt the answer of life from God
thereunto. But though the Lord had opened this thing to
me, yet I had not received a command from the Lord
for the accomplishment of it then. Wherefore I let the
thing rest and went on in the work and service of the Lord
as before, according as He led me, travelling up and down
in this nation and through Ireland. But being at Bristol
and finding Margaret Fell there, it opened in me from the
Lord that the thing should be accomplished." l The
certificate of marriage bears the signatures of 94 Friends
including her six daughters and three sons-in-law, but
not that of George Fell, a son, who was bitterly opposed
to his mother s action throughout. Margaret Fell
returned to Swarthmoor without her husband, whose
work kept him in the south ; and they were little together,
Fox s itinerant labours making residence at Swarthmoor,
or at any one place, for any length of time impossible.
Swarthmoor, however, continued to be the centre of
Quaker influence in the north, and there can be little
doubt that therein will be found, in part at least, the
explanation of the striking success which accompanied
the movement in these parts.
The scope of this work does not permit of the discussion
of some most interesting questions which the title would
seem to suggest. If they are referred to at all it is in
a somewhat incidental fashion. In a recent letter Mr
Braithwaite says : " From the point of view of Quaker
history the salient points are, I think, the following :
" i. The rise of Quakerism as a strong movement through
the help of the great Seeker community in Westmorland.
"2. The effect of the Kaber Rigg plot in the persecu
tion of Friends George Fox, F. Howgill, Margaret Fell,
William Wilson, etc.
1 Margaret Fox of Swarthmore Hall, by Helen G. Crosfield, p. 139.
26 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
" 3. The Wilkinson-Story separation. It took over
the Friends of Underbarrow and Hutton, and many in
Preston Patrick and Kendal."
In his recent work, The Second Period of Quakerism,
Mr Braithwaite deals fully with these points and brings
to their consideration much entirely new light. For
information in reference to these matters the reader
should consult his book. 1
In Mr Braithwaite s book, The Beginnings of Quakerism,
is a skeleton map, which is intended to indicate at a
glance the strength of the Quaker movement at the
beginning of 1654. The map is, perhaps, a little too
skeleton, and its value would have been considerably
enhanced if, at least, the names of the respective Counties
had been added ; but, even as it is, the picture which it
presents is quite impressive. From the Ribble to the
Humber, the little round dots indicating Quaker centres
are somewhat numerous ; and the bit of Lancashire with
contiguous Westmorland, which skirts Morecambe Bay,
presents quite a cluster of them. Apart from this, how
ever, Lancashire appears almost entirely free, and it would
require a large amount of imagination to admit the truth
of Dr Halley s statement that the Quakers may " almost
be called a Lancashire Sect, as the earliest and most
successful labours of their founder were in that county
and its neighbourhood." 2 Except for the strip of North
Lancashire just named, of which Swarthmoor may be
regarded as centre, the County presents none of the
phenomenal success which attended the movement in
Cumberland and Westmorland. Still, -unconsciously
perhaps, Dr Halley gives utterance to a partial truth.
Far more widespread was the movement in Lancashire
during the first 60 or 70 years of its existence than is
generally supposed ; and it is this fact which this work is
intended to make clear.
1 The Ejected of 1662 (Nightingale) also contains some illuminating
Lancashire : its Puritanism and Nonconformity, vol. i. p. 465.
THE WITNESSING FACTS
THIS chapter contains a collection of facts from various
sources, illustrating the sufferings which fell upon the
Quakers during the bitter and prolonged persecution
which marked the I7th century. That is the chief
burden of the chapter, though much else appears in it,
especially when we pass into the easier days which the
Toleration Act introduced. Though in most of what
follows, the passages are copied almost verbatim I have
not thought fit to adopt quotation marks, except in a
few instances by way of emphasis. The original spellings
also are retained and it will be noted that often enough
the same name appears in several forms. In point of
fact there was then no established system of spelling.
The first of these sources is :
i. SUFFERINGS OF THE QUAKERS
THIS is the title of a work by Besse, which was published
in 1753. It is of very considerable value because it
is clearly based upon first hand information. Besse
appears to have consulted original documents, though
these can hardly have been the Sessions Records to
which reference is made later. He tells us, indeed,
in his preface how he derived his information. " That
the following Collection of the sufferings of this People
might be as Compleat as the Nature of the Thing would
admit," says he, " the Compiler of it has endeavoured,
by an industrious Application for many years past, to
furnish himself with a competent knowledge of his subject ;
and for that End has had Recourse not only to their own
Manuscript Records, wherein is preserved a genuine
28 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Account of such of the sufferings of their Friends as were
transmitted to them, but has also consulted a great
number of printed Accounts relative thereto, and which
were published at or near the Time of the Transactions
related : so that the Reader has here presented to his
View, digested in proper Order of Time and Place, a faith
ful narrative, not only of what before lay dispersed, but
also of many remarkable Matters never heretofore
published which yet were thought well worthy of being
rescued from Oblivion and transmitted to Posterity.
The Matters of Fact, herein related, are attended with
all reasonable Evidences of Truth, and many of them
are confirmed by Correspondence, Copies of Letters,
Warrants, Mittimus s, Presentments, Indictments, Trials,
and other publick Proceedings, inserted in their proper
places through the Course of this Collection." l
Unfortunately there is little attempt at arrangement
of the mass of material used beyond its classification
under counties and dates. The names of places are mixed
in the most distracting fashion, and Besse s notes are
not always reliable ; but even with these defects the book
is invaluable for the study of the Quaker movement in
its earlier stages. The names of persons are here retained
as they appear in it, though in many instances the
author has not been in the least particular about the
spelling ; and it is not quite certain, in what follows,
that in every case the person belonged to the place under
which the name appears. The difficulty suggested here is
due, in part, to the fact that those persons were in the habit
of journeying long distances to meeting places for worship,
and consequently they may have been taken by their
persecutors when they were far from their place of abode.
In a few cases also attempts to identify Place Names
have not met with success. It will, of course, be noted
1 Vol. i. p. liv. In the Cambridge Eel. of Fox s Journal, vol. ii. pp.
65-72 is a list of sufferers for 1664, with which Besse was evidently
familiar. It appears also in the Sessions Records, and is copied l.it r,
tide p. no.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 29
that the names of persons are frequently duplicated,
and any one who cares to go to the trouble may make
an even more orderly and perfect list from what follows
than the one actually given. The gain, however, did not
seem to warrant the labour which it would have in
volved, and what follows is quite sufficient for the purpose
for which it is inserted ; it furnishes a striking picture of
the extent to which the movement laid hold upon the
County even in the iyth century.
(i) LANCASTER AND DISTRICT
1654-1656. John Lawson l of this place for preaching in
" the Steeplehouse Yard at Malpas " was set in the
stocks four hours ; and at another time for " exhort
ing the People in the Steeplehouse at Lancaster "
he was sent to prison until the Assizes and then
1660. " A party of Soldiers, some with Swords drawn
and Pistols cockt, others with Muskets and lighted
Matches " came to meetings and took the following :
John Lawson, Peter Cathery, Thomas Hinde, Robert
Mayor, Matthew Jepson, Matthew Baines, John Fowler,
William Gunson, John Jenkinson, William Marshall,
John Walker, Robert Willson, William Harrison,
Timothy Taylor, Robert Thornton, Francis Shireson,
Richard Hinde, George Cawson, Henry Crosfield,
William Greenbank, Thomas Hodgson, Robert Proctor,
William Masher, John Birlow, Christopher Barrow,
Robert Taylor, Robert Bruce, William Baines, Thomas
Green, Mary Bruce, Dorothy Baines, Ellen Hodgkinson,
Anne Stubbs, Jennet Tenant, and Jane Dickenson.
1665. John Berley was fined n/8 for refusing to swear
when summoned on a Jury. He had 15 sheep taken
for this fine, which cost 3. 5. 4 ; and John Townson
1 A shopkeeper in Lancaster. Letters from him to Margaret Fell,
referring to his imprisonment at Chester about this period, are still
extant (Swarthmoor MSS.). Among other places he laboured in Wales.
30 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
chosen Constable refusing to take the usual Oath
" had a cow taken value 4."
1676. Robert Walker after being imprisoned three and
a half years, at the suit of Edward Garthford, 1 " priest
of Lancaster," died.
1683. Robert Barrow taken whilst preaching at
Lancaster was committed to the Castle.
A rk holme.
1684. Alice Bakebean was fined at Hornby Court at
the suit of Anthony Procter " priest of Arkholme." 2
Robert Withers, 3 Christopher Duckworth, Michael
Crabtree and William Crabtree had their goods
Wray and Adjacent Places.
1660. Soldiers took the following : Robert Bateson,
John Crosier, Richard Fletcher, Christopher Glover,
Robert Glover, William Edmondson, 4 William Lamb,
John Myers, Christopher Nelson, John Priestly,
Christopher Skirrah, 5 Giles Skirrah, Thomas Skirrah,
Thomas Skirrah, junr., Marmaduke Tatham and
1678. Thomas Skerray of Wray and Agnes Skerray of
the same, widow, at the suit of Lord Morley of Hornby
were imprisoned for Tithes.
1 Edmund Garforth, Vicar of Lancaster from 1672 to 1682.
1 Anthony Procter, Curate of Arkholme in 1677.
3 Robert Withers or Widders, of Kellet, born about 1618. He was
one of Fox s earliest converts, and became a prominent missionary of
the new movement, dying about 1686.
4 William Edmondson, born in 1627, is referred to as the Quaker
apostle of Ireland. His home was Little Musgrave in Westmorland,
but on his marriage in 1652 he went to Ireland and ultimately settled
in business at Lurgan. During a visit to the north of England in 1653
he became a convert to the Quaker faith, and devoted himself to the
work of the ministry. He visited America several times and died at
his residence Rosenallis, in Ireland in 1712.
* Almost certainly the same a* Skcrrow.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 31
1660. At two meetings a Constable and armed soldiers
took the following : John Backhouse, 1 Richard
Barrow, Thomas Barrow, Christopher Bisbrown,
Christopher Bisbrown, junr., John Bisbrown, John
Bisbrown, junr., John Beakbean, Thomas Camm,
Thomas Chorley, 2 Edward Cumming, Thomas Doweth-
well, Robert Hadwen, William Hugginson, Robert
Hubbersty, James Hutton, William Johnson, Thomas
Leaper, 3 Thomas Preston, William Slith, William
Weston, James Weathman, William Weathman, 4
William Weathman, junr. Robert Widders, Thomas
Widders, Alice Barrow, Anne Beakbean, Mary
Athwenwheat, Mary Bisbrown, Anne Cumming,
Martha Croft, Elizabeth Fell, Francis Flemming,
Margaret Hadwin, Jane Hubberthorn, Margaret Lucas,
Frances Preston, Anne Stout, Anne Wheathman,
Jane Widder, and Robert Drink well.
1677. Robert Withers was sued by James Greenwood
Tithe Farmer. Judgment against him for five years
Tithe Hay to the extent of 6. 15 ; and for five years
Tithe of Corn 65. 15 being in each case triple the actual
amount. He had cattle, sheep, and corn taken to the
value of 98. 2. 10.
1679. Thomas Leaper on the prosecution of James
Greenwood, Tithe Farmer, had his goods for eight
years Tithe taken to the value of 41. 16. 4.
1 John Backhouse, of Moss Side, near Yealand Redmayne, was the
ancestor of a long line of prominent Quakers.
2 The Lancashire Registers note the decease, 1698, of Thomas Chorley
of Warton which is near to Carnforth. He was buried at Yealand.
8 Lived at Capernwray. References to his imprisonment at Lancaster
in 1654-5 appear in the Swarthmoor MSS.
4 Possibly William Waithman of Lindeth, 1625-1694. His daughters
married into the Quaker families of Routh of Kellet, Pearson of
Pool bank, and Dockray of Swarthmoor.
32 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1676. Elizabeth Wildman, widow, about sixty years
of age, on a writ de Excommunicate Capiendo at the
suit of Thomas Sharp, 1 " priest of Tatham " was sent
to Lancaster Castle, where she died after nine months
(2) THE FURNESS DISTRICT
1660. George Fox was sent to prison for some time.
Taken from their homes or from the market or their
employment by a party of horsemen and sent to
Lancaster Castle without any warrant &c. were the
following : Thomas Hutton, 2 Tobias Wilson, John
Chambers, Thomas Fell, Thomas Goad, Richard Fell,
Richard Ashburner, 3 Thomas Barwick, James Milner,
Thomas Curwen, 4 Richard Myers, 5 Francis Pearson,
William Simpson, Thomas Myers, Thomas Fell, 6
Francis Pearson, junr., Thomas Haverigg, Paul
Pennington, Edward Cowper, Leonard Ashburner,
James Chambers, John Goade, William Hawthorn-
1 Thomas Sharpc replaced Nicholas Smith at Tatham on the passing
of the Uniformity Act in 1662, and remained until his death in 1699.
1 Thomas Hutton was resident at Rampside. An only daughter,
Dorothy, married Thomas Rawlinson in 1663, who became the mother
of Lydia Lancaster, a prominent minister among the Friends.
Probably lived at Gleaston. In the Minute Books of the Lancaster
Meeting is the following: "Richard Ashburner, of Gleaston in Fournece,
because he could not with a good conscience pay Tithe to Tho. Shaw of
Aldingham, Priest, was sent Prisoner to Lancaster, where he laid down
his life in his Testimony, and was buried at Lancaster (suppose 1655)."
There is, however, a clashing of dates here.
4 Thomas Curwen belonged to Baycliff and was several times im
prisoned in Lancaster Castle. In 1665 he had a controversy with John
Wigan of Manchester. Later he and his wife Alice went on a religious
visit to America. He died in 1680 aged 70 years.
. Richard Myers or Miers was the son of Richard and Margaret
Myers of Baycliff. Several brothers became prominent Fn- nN.
The Fells were numerous in these parts. John Fell of Langlands
together with his wife and four sons accepted the Quaker faith in 1653.
Several of them entered the ministry and among other places travelled
in Scotland. Christopher Fell was probably one of these.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 33
thwaite, William Dodgson, Thomas Wilson, William
Strickland, George Fell, Jasper Sharp, Robert
Pennington, John Kirkby, Robert Salthouse, William
Salthouse, James Parke, Thomas Rawlinson, 1 Daniel
Thwaite, Nicholas Birkett, Thomas Benson, John
Holme, William Towers, William Atkinson, Thomas
Fisher, Edward Cowper, and Thomas Wilson, junr.
1663. George Fox committed to Lancaster Castle.
Margaret Fell similarly.
1666. James Fell, Christopher Milner, William Holme,
William Salthouse, and Thomas Fisher were taken at a
meeting there and sent to prison.
1668. Leonard Fell 2 and Thomas Briggs after a meeting
here were taken from their own dwellings and sent to
1683. Margaret Fox for meetings at her house fined by
name of Margaret Fell, widow, Had cattle taken to
the value of 30.0.0.
At another time, to the value of 40.0.0.
1661. William Pull, Philip Braithwaite, and Richard
Simpson, together with others lately discharged, were
sent to prison.
1686. Mary Simpson had her goods distrained.
1667. Leonard Fell " at the suit of the priest " 3 there
was cast into prison.
1 Vide p. 32, note 2.
1 Leonard Fell was of Baycliff and does not appear to have been
related to Judge Fell s family though a retainer in it. He travelled
extensively as a Preacher. His death took place at Darlington, where
he was buried.
* This would be Thomas Shawe, M.A., who held the living from 1625
to Oct. 19, 1667, when he died. During the Commonwealth, and at
the Restoration, he adapted his principles to the changing times.
34 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1672. John Curwen was imprisoned on a significavit
at the suit of Theophilus Aimes " priest " l there.
Leonard Fell similarly.
1679. James Smith was committed to Lancaster Castle
at the suit of Henry Rowe, Tithe Farmer, of Wigan.
1665. William Satterthwaite, Robert Pennington,
Thomas Pennington, George Benson, Thomas Docwra, 2
and Michael Wilson were taken from a meeting at
Hawkshead and sent to prison for refusing the oath.
For the same James Hartley and John Brewer suffered
imprisonment ; and William Hutton and John Green
wood had their goods taken.
1676. Leonard Fell for preaching, at a meeting here ;
William Rigg, John Bownas and Thomas Pennington
for being present, had their goods distrained.
1678. At the Wapentake Court the following had their
goods distrained to the respective amounts given :
Thomas Atkinson 3 .400
Richard Britton . .368
John Barrow . . i 10 o
Thomas Barrow . . 5 10 o
Ellen Braithwaite . . I 15 o
Eliz. Barrow, widow . . 3 10 o
The total demand being . 6 10 9
And the amount taken . 19 n 8
1 Theophilus Amyas succeeded Thomas Shawe at Aldingham in 1668,
and remained until his death in 1672. Evidently he had charge of
1 Thomas Dockray was born about 1632, near Portinscale in Cumber
land. His convincement took place in 1653, and he travelled the
three kingdoms in pursuit of his ministry. In 1683 he settled at
Silverdalc, and became connected with the Yealand meeting.
Thomas Atkinson belonged to Cartmell. He was the author of a
THE WITNESSING FACTS 35
1654-6. Jeremiah Tomlinson, George Cowson, John
Moone, Edward Moone, Richard Cubham, 1 Thomas
Hill, Benjamin Boult, Agnes Mackreath, Simon
Whitehead, Peter Leatherhead, James Fletcher,
William Gibson, William Dewsberry, Thomas Hutton,
Thomas Curwen, Walter Myers, Mary Clayton, Anne
Clayton, Mary Howgill, Jane Ashburner, John Driver,
James Simonson, Thomas Rawlinson, Richard Roper,
Richard Waller, Thomas Salthouse, and Leonard Fell
were several times committed to prison for speaking
to priests and people in their public assemblies.
(3) THE FYLDE DISTRICT
Fylde District (place uncertain).
1660. John White, William Tompson, John Tompson,
John Moone, 2 Henry Eccles, Christopher Parkinson,
William Gibson were sent to prison.
pamphlet, The Christian s Testimony against Tythes, 1678. In 1684,
in his 8oth year, he wrote An Exhortation to all People.
1 Richard Cubham s home was at Bickers taffe, near Ormskirk. He
was a man of great consequence in the district. From his five daughters
were numerous descendants. His wife, Anne, died in 1703, and he in
1709. A pamphlet, containing "Memorials of the Families of Cropper,
Cubham, and Wolsey, of Bickerstaffe, and of Winstanley of Winstanley,"
collected by N. Waterhouse, was printed for private circulation in 1864.
The information which it gives is extremely interesting. Under date
1654 we get the following: "Certain friends had a meeting at
Bickersteth, which was broken up by David Ellison, Presbyterian
minister at Rainford, who called a woman who was addressing them
Jezebel, and other reproachful names, whilst the people who were with
him beat her and the other Friends. . . . After they had gone to their
afternoon worship, Richard Cubham and two others were moved of the
Lord to go to the Chappell. And when two of them came in the people
rose and looked upon them, and the Priest said, Turn ye, turn ye, hear
the word of the Lord, but the third coming in a little after, he the
said Priest tryed keep them back ; and so the people rose and fell on
them, and hailed them forth, and some they plucked with their hands,
and some they pulled and threw about, and carryed them all three to
an ale house called John Pennington s and there gott a guard upon
them and there kept them prisoners that day and all night."
a See under Gars tang and Furness.
36 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1660. James Smith, after five months imprisonment "by
means of an envious Priest " l on refusing the Oath of
Allegiance was sent back to gaol.
1660. William Brewer and John Thome together with
Henry Hales were imprisoned.
1676. John Moone at the suit of Thomas Butler was
imprisoned in Lancaster Castle a whole year, and had
goods taken also to the value of 20.
1683. John Moon of Carhouse near Garstang was prose
cuted at the suit of Thomas Butler for Tithes, had
" a verdict given against him for 4. 7 on the Statute
for treble damages amounting to 13. i for which the
Bayliff took, by an Execution, his Corn in the Barn
and on his ground, with all his Household Goods, not
leaving him a Bed to lie on, the whole amounting to
(4) THE PRESTON AREA
1654-6. Thomas Tompson, William Tompson, Eleanour
Parkinson, John Lawson and Thomas Bond for riding
a few miles to a religious meeting on " first day of the
week " had their horses taken to the value of 20.
Peter Lawford for permitting a meeting in his house
was sent to prison.
Richard Weaver for riding to a meeting had his
mare taken and on complaining to the Mayor of
Preston was sent to prison.
1658. John Lawson and 19 others going to a meeting
were apprehended by a Watch set by the Mayor " and
detained Prisoners twenty four hours without any
1 This would be Thomas Rigby, M.A., who was appointed to Poulton
in 1653, and removed to Ireland in 1661.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 37
1676. Thomas Tomlinson, Henry Tomlinson and John
Townson on Warrant by Edward Rigby l of Preston
had their goods distrained. Rigby who is described
as " a persecuting justice " is said to have declared
that , he would root the Quakers out of the Hundred
where he dwelt ; that all the Laws yet made against
them were too short ; and that he would be the first
that would move for a Law to have them tied to and
dragged at either an Horse s or Cart s Tail."
(5) BLACKBURN AND DISTRICT
1654-6. William Simson and Leonard Addison were
cruelly beaten when speaking to the priest 2 there after
1660. Robert Alston and Thomas Bond were taken
from their houses without warrant by soldiers and
sent to Lancaster Castle.
1676. James Dil worth for a meeting at his house had
his oxen taken worth 9.
(6) CLITHEROE AND DISTRICT
1674. Richard Colburne for being at a religious meeting
had a cow taken worth 4. 5.
1 Doubtless Edward Rigby, younger son of Col. Alexander Rigby of
Middleton, who besieged Lathom House. Edward Rigby was a
barrister, steward of the Preston Court Leet, and Member of Parliament
for the borough for several years.
1 Leonard Clayton, M.A., who was Vicar from 1647 to 1677, when
3 It is interesting to note that in all this district, including Aighton
and Chaigley, which is exceedingly rural, the Quakers at this time were
quite numerous, while to-day there are few, if any.
38 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1676. Charles Lee a labouring man for having a meeting
at his house had horses &c. taken value 26. us. 8d. ;
and similarly Alex. Salsbury for preaching at Thomas
Garner s house was fined 20 and had cattle taken at
various times to the value of 60.
1678. Charles Lee was fined at the suit of Sir Ralph
Ashton of Whalley and was a prisoner about two
1660. James Whip, Thomas Tatham, Elizabeth Easton,
Mary Tatham, Elizabeth Lorrimer, Anne Driver and
Edward Hulley were taken at a meeting at Hulley s
house and committed to prison for refusing the oath.
1682. George Hargreaves had " a numerous Meeting or
Conventicle " at his house on Sunday Oct. 16 at which
Isaac Ashton of Clitheioe, " Distiller of Strong Waters,"
did preach and pray, &c. John Fish and John Spencer
were among those present and all were fined.
1684. John Vipon, John Ecroyd, Roger Hartly, John
Hardman, Stephen Sagar, William Kippax, Edmund
Pilling, Peter Shackleton, Anne Whaley, James Ruston,
John Hargreaves and James Whitaker were prosecuted
at the suit of Edmund Ashton of Whalley in the
Ecclesiastical Court for Tithes and on refusing the oath
committed to prison.
1668. James Whip was excommunicated and sent to
(7) BURNLEY DISTRICT
1654-6. Several people when returning from the funeral
of John Sagar s child of Marsden were assaulted and
beaten by one Edward Kipper.
In like manner John Liddell and Oliver Atherton
THE WITNESSING FACTS 39
were barbarously assaulted whilst quietly travelling
on the road.
1674. Goods were taken from several persons for a
meeting at James Smithson s house.
1676. William Heape had five beasts taken worth 14
for a meeting in his house ; and several others for being
there were distrained to the extent of 2. o. 6.
1680. William Whaley had cattle taken to the value of
49. i for preaching.
1665. Whilst William Clayton was preaching at a
meeting there " the priest of that Parish " attended
by a Constable pulled him into the street and tore
his coat. Afterwards he was sent to prison.
1668. Soldiers came to a meeting at Henry Robinson s
house where William Clayton was preaching and took
Robinson, Clayton, Francis Dunn and James Whipp.
They were sent to prison till next Sessions. Shortly
afterwards 22 persons were taken at a meeting at the
same place and detained in the House of Correction
1660. The following were taken whilst worshipping at
the house of John Hartley :
John Hartley, Peter Shackleton, James Smithson,
Robert Atkinson, William Whaley, Nicholas Whitacre,
John Smith, Samuel Driver, John Hargreaves, Joseph
Cathery, William Heape, John Sagar, Stephen Sagar,
Ellen Pollard, Richard Mitchel, Richard Hargreaves,
Elizabeth Hartley, Mary Wilkinson, Jennet Swaine,
Jane Clayton, Anne Pollard, Jane Wregles, Mary
Mitchel, Anne Parker and Alice Heape.
(8) ORMSKIRK AND DISTRICT
1658. Rebecca Barnes, Elizabeth Holme, John Barnes
and others coming from a meeting here were met by
40 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
David Ellison 1 priest to whom Rebecca spoke " some
displeasing words " with the result that the people
set upon her and the rest and much blood was shed.
1663. Oliver Atherton "through long imprisonment
in a cold damp unwholesome place " died.
1674. Isaac Ashton and Hannah Kennedy with Anne
Atherton were excommunicated for refusing to pay
towards " repairing the steeplehouse."
Bicker staff e.
1660. Soldiers took the following forcibly out of a meet
ing by the Earl of Derby s orders and sent them to
Wigan Assizes, where they refused the oath tendered
to them and were sent to Lancaster Castle : Thomas
Crosby, Jeremiah Lion, Isaac Ashton, Henry Foster,
Henry Marland, John Bispham, John Witherly, John
Ashton, Richard Johnson, Godfrey Atherton, Peter
Westhead, George Pye, Peter Leadbeater, Roger
Leatherbarrow, John Underwood and John Smallshaw.
1674. Richard Cubham, Edward Lion and George Shaw
at the suit of Lady Catherine Pye were sent to
1679. Richard Cubham for a meeting in his house,
John Bispham for preaching there, Roger Harsnep and
Richard Beesley for being present had their goods
1660. The same day as the Bickerstaffe apprehension
were the following taken here : Peter Laithwaite,
Henry Hulgreave, William Booth, Richard Beesly,
Thomas Tarbock, Robert Heyes, William Harrison,
and Thomas Rose.
1 David Ellison is given in the Commonwealth Survey of 1650 as
" Incumbent att Childwall and supplyes the Cure." He is described
as a panefull godly preaching Minister," who doth observe the Lord s
daycs and fast dayes and dayes of humiliation appointed by Act or
Ordinance of Pliament." Vide Commonwealth Survey, Record Society,
vol. i. p. 67. He was appointed to Childwall about 1645, and probably
held the living until about 1658.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 41
1664. George Pye for 3. had six cows taken worth 20.
1674. Roger Harsnep, Geoige Pye and Roger Leather-
barrow were prosecuted for Tithes the first at the suit
of Alexander Baggerly l priest of Aughton and the
two last at Dr Small wood s suit.
1675. Roger Harsnep committed to Lancaster Castle
for 16 months at the suit of Alexander Baggerly priest
1664. Robert Bruce for claim of 405. had goods taken
to the value of 8. [Transfer this and Note 2 to the
Lancaster District, pp. 29-32.]
(9) LIVERPOOL AND DISTRICT
1654-6. Anne Kennebie for speaking to the people
there in their public assembly was sent to prison. The
priest 3 of that place went to see and deride her, while
others with him beat and abused her.
1667. Thomas Keckwick sued for Tithes by Orlando
Bridgman after eleven weeks imprisonment had
" goods taken to the value of 26. 8. 8."
1671. Susanna Rose, widow, prosecuted by Thomas
Marsden, 4 Vicar of Walton, for the marriage fee of
1/4 having been married to her husband in Quaker
1 Alexander Baguley was instituted to the living at Aughton, June
27th, 1674, and deprived for Simony about 1679.
* Hatlex, near Rest Bank. Leonard Stout, brother to William (vide
p. 49, note i), was resident there some time.
3 Probably John Fogg, who was ejected by the Uniformity Act of
4 Thomas Marsden, instituted Sept. 7, 1665, and remained until
42 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
fashion suffered 17 weeks imprisonment in Lancaster
Castle for refusing to pay.
1674. Richard Johnson was excommunicated and im
prisoned for not paying towards the repair of the
1679. Richard Yearwood, Gilbert Holt, Thomas Barnsall
were committed to Lancaster Castle at the suit of
Edward Goodall l Vicar of Prescot. Gilbert Holt
died in prison after being there about four years.
1682. Thomas Turbuck for a religious meeting at his
house had his bedding taken to the value of i. 13. 4.
William Holgate for a meeting at his house " suffered
the loss of his Household Goods worth 9. 8s. 6d."
(10) WIGAN DISTRICT
1674. Roger Haydock 2 and Heskin Fell 3 were sent to
prison through refusing to pay Tithe.
1 Edward Goodall, M.A., was instituted July 24, 1677. Subsequently
he became a Roman Catholic, and resigned the living in 1690.
* Roger Haydock was a native of Coppull and is described as a man
of " great parts, well read and full of matter." He joined the Quakers
in 1667 through the influence of his brother John, and travelled far "on
Gospel service." He had a dispute in 1676 " with John Cheyney, a
minister near Warrington, who published an account of it in Warning
to Souls to beware of Quakers and Quakerism." He died in 1696. John
Haydock, his brother, also travelled much as a minister. It was in
his house at Coppull that the meetings were usually held. There was
also a brother Robert.
1 Heskin Fell appears repeatedly in these pages, and the following
information about him from the pamphlet issued by Mr Waterhouse in
1864 will be welcomed. He is said to have been a cousin of Judge
Fell of Swarthmoor, to have been called " a weaver or webster," and
to have employed servants and apprentices in his trade. His name
" Heskin," is supposed to have been derived from a hamlet in the
parish of Standish, and a son, Israel Fell, like him suffered much for
his principles. " He was born," says his narrator, " in Coppull, in.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 43
1675. Roger Haydock was sent to prison on the suit of
the Bishop of Chester. So also was Heskin Fell.
(n) WARRINGTON AND DISTRICT
1654-6. Richard Hubberthorn l and others were taken
out of a meeting bound hand and foot and laid in the
open fields on " a cold winter night."
the parish of Standish and County of Lancaster, ye 22nd of ye 5th
month 1640, was educated in the profession of the Church of England ;
but when he grew up to mature years not being satisfied with their
worship, he joined with some others that seemed more reformed, with
whom he continued till after the coming in of King Charles ye 2nd,
when finding they did not stand when tryals were like to come on
them, he grew dissatisfied with them also, about which time it did
please the Lord to order his faithful servant, William Gibson, into these
parts, by whose ministry he was convinced, and received the Truth in
the Love of it, and for which, soon after, he became a sufferer, not only
by the reproachful speeches of his neighbours, but a little time after,
being at a meeting with several more at Bury in Lancashire, he was
taken and committed prisoner by one Hoult, a Justice of the Peace,
to ye house of Correction at Manchester, where he continued some time,
and then was set at liberty again, and so continued about his lawful
occasions till he was married. After which he was sent Prisoner to
Lancaster Castle in ye year 1675 at the suit of Ralph Bridock, Bishop
of Chester, Priest of the Parish of Standish because he could not,
for conscience sake, pay him his demand for Tythes, etc., where he
was prisoner till ye later end of 1678, when, by the Bishop s death, he
was released, in which time it pleased the Lord to bestow a gift of the
ministry on him, in which service he laboured whilst health and strength
permitted ; he assisted the meetings of Friends in Scotland twice, and
Ireland once, and Holland once, and laboured often in many places in
England. He was jealous for good order and discipline in ye church,
and very sharp against a Libertine spirit, and that which did add to his
Reputation was, he took care to govern his own family well. Several
years before he died he was weakly of body, being often afflicted with
the Gravel, which caused him to keep much about home ; he would
often give good advice to them that came to see him, and tell them
what the Lord had done for him to their Comfort and Edification. And
in his last illness he would often be blessing the Lord for his goodness .
his memory was perfect to the last, and he retained his integrity to his
end, which was quiet and peaceable as one falling asleep. He died
ye 29th of ye nth month, 1720, aged 80 years, 6 months, and 7
1 Richard Hubberthorn belonged to Yealand, and is described as
one of the foremost protagonists of early Quakerism. Although he
44 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Ralph Barnes l and John Barnes were sent from a
meeting at Warrington Heath to Lancaster Castle.
1684. Nathaniel Disborow, John Barnes, Gilbert
Potter, Matthias Foster, John Dunbabin, John Gibson,
John Chorley, Samuel Dunbabin, Susan Wright, Mary
Cocker, Mary Southworth, Patience Sixsmith, Hugh
Crosby, Richard Holcroft, Esther Holcroft, Elizabeth
Gibson, Elizabeth Barnes, Martha Coombs, Robert
Burton, Thomas Keckvvick, Daniel Keckwick, George
Birch, John Barrow, Savage Mason, and Matthew
Mason were all taken at the house of James Wright and
committed to prison where some were detained ten
1654-6. Whilst Elizabeth Leavens 2 was preaching at a
meeting here " A rude Company, headed by an Elder
of their Church pulled her down and abused her much " ;
and on the way home she, William Birchall, James
Challoner, Lawrence Johnson and James Lassal were
set upon and grievously beaten by the people.
1664. John Minshall for a Tithe claim for 30/. had
goods taken worth 9 ; and for the same claim suffered
eight months imprisonment.
1685. Richard Johnson, Richard Prophet and John
Fletcher were sent to prison for a meeting at this
was of low stature and had an inferior constitution and weak voice,
he had been a captain in the Parliamentary Array, and had had the
advantage of a liberal education. He visited Norfolk and London,
and did much useful work there. In 1662 he "laid down the body in
the time of his imprisonment in Newgate, and by the coroner s inquest
was found to die naturally."
1 The Barneses were numerous in these parts. Captain William Barnes
lived at Great Sankey, near Warrington. The Quakers had meetings
in his house until 1681, when a meeting place was erected. A son,
William, married the daughter of Richard Cubham (vide p. 35, note i).
1 Elizabeth Leavens travelled with Elizabeth Fletcher in 1654 to the
city of Oxford, "where they suffered by the black tribe of scholars."
She married Thomas Holme, a weaver of Kendal, and like him was a
preacher and sufferer.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 45
place ; but after " three months confinement were
released at the Summer Assizes this year, when most
of the other Prisoners in this County were also dis
charged by virtue of King James s Proclamation for
a general Pardon."
(12) MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT
1660. Taken out of a meeting and committed to prison
the following : John Abraham, Isaac Mosse, Abraham
Garside, Jonathan Bradshaw, John Burgess, Mary
Ridgway, Mary Poole, Elizabeth Owen, and Elizabeth
1682. At the house of James Strettell many persons
were fined, the amount being 29. i8s.
Hey side (near Oldham).
1665. James Sikes for absenting himself from the
" National Worship " had a cow and a calf taken from
him worth 4.
1665. Taken at the house of Thomas Sale where a
meeting was being held and sent to Lancaster Castle
the following :
Thomas Sale, James Sikes, John Ashton, Arthur
Walker, Thomas Yates, Richard Mather and John
Wood, " who left behind thirty-five children besides
our wives and the rest of our Families all of which
we have given up into the Hands of God."
1670. Friends taken at John Ashton s house were
carried before Lawrence Rawsthorne of Newhall a
Justice of the Peace who sent Thomas Lorimer, 2 Roger
1 New Hall, near Tottington, was purchased by Lawrence Rawsthorne
of Windsor, in 1538. Probably John Ashton s house would be in the
2 Vide p. 47, note 2.
46 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Longworth, James Tomson, Heskin Fell, James
Radcliff, Abraham Crosby, Anthony Shaw, Charles
Dawson, and Alexander Hatton to the House of
Correction in Manchester.
(13) BOLTON AND DISTRICT
1678. Roger Longworth occasionally travelling in
Cheshire suspected of being a Papist, was sent to
prison by " two officious Justices " but set at liberty
after two months.
1679. James Harrison x of this place for preaching at
Macclesfield had his goods distrained to the value of
40 " not leaving so much as a skillet to boil the
Children s milk in."
James Harrison for preaching at his house in Bolton,
Phineas Pemberton and his wife for being there were
fined to the extent of 4. 15. 4. "In order to convict
the Persons met at Bolton, the Justices, Informers and
Witnesses with the Attendants ate and drank in one
Afternoon as much as cost 50/ which the Constable
engaged to pay for. Thomas Russel, an Under-
Bayliff, was so drunk that he was found in the street
wallowing in his vomit, about three in the morning,
and Some Time after died suddenly."
1671. John Minshall, Samuell Barrow, George Birch,
Thomas Barnes, Thomas Taylor, and Robert Barton
" committed to prison for refusing to pay toward the
repairing of Farnworth Chapel.
1672. Elizabeth Hirt of this place was committed to
the House of Correction, Manchester, at the instance
1 James Harrison was born near Kendal and was a shoemaker by
trade. After being called to the ministry, he " travelled in many parts
of this Nation and particularly in the lower parts of Lancashire where
he marryed." He and his son-in-law, Phineas Pemberton emigrated
to America from Bolton in 1682.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 47
of John Angler x " a Priest who dwelt at Deane near
Boulton upon a chaise of having two children be
gotten." After being detained ten weeks to the
Quarter Sessions she was released on production of
her marriage Certificate.
1684. Jonathan Rigby was fined 20 and had taken
from him cows &c. worth 27.
(14) HASLINGDEN AND DISTRICT
1660. Taken by a Constable and committed to prison
the following :
Abraham Hayworth, 2 Henry Birtwisle, Richard
Ratcliff, John Grime, Laurence Taylor, James Ratcliff,
Henry Wood, John Cowper, Isabel Wood, Mary
Roysteron, Alice Roysteron, Agnes Robinson, Katherine
Doe, Isabel Ratcliff, Elizabeth Birtwisle, Margaret
Birtwisle, Mary Hayworth and Elizabeth Hayworth.
1 68 1. Henry Birtwistle and George Hayworth sent to
prison at the suit of John Duckworth 3 " priest "
1682. John Aspinal committed to Lancaster Castle at
the suit of John Duckworth, " priest of Haslingden."
1670 (About}. " Some informers meeting some Friends
going homeward from Rosendale took their names and
1 Only son of John Angler of Denton. He conformed in 1662, and
was instituted to Dean Church, Nov. igth of that year. He remained
2 The Heyworth or Haworth family in these parts appears to have
been very considerable, and in documents of this period the name of
Abraham Heyworth occurs repeatedly. Meetings were often held in
his house. Thomas Lorimer (vide pp. 45 and 60) came to him as an
apprentice " in his childhood."
3 John Duckworth, M.A., was licensed in 1680, and died in 1695, aged
48 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
swore that they were at a meeting at Henry Birtwisle s
house." They had their gpods distrained to the
value of 35.
1684. Abraham Hay worth s house at which a meeting
was being held was visited by " two bold informers " ;
and James Ratcliff, though he was not present at the
meeting, was said to be preaching there, and fined
20 " for which the officers broke open five Doors,
and took away twelve Kine and an Horse worth
(15) PLACE NAMES NOT GIVEN
1654-6. Edward Hulley for attempting to exhort the
people at Pately Bridge was kicked until he was nearly
Henry Wood for asking a Priest " whether he did
witness the Truth of what he taught was badly beaten
and sent to prison where he lay thirteen weeks.
1659. " In this and the preceding years," says Besse,
" were taken by Distress for Tithes " the following :
Amount Value of
Name. Demanded. Goods Taken.
Richard Ashburner . .234 6 17 o
Oliver Atherton i o o 600
Samuel Barrow . 023 o 10 o
Thomas Barrow i o o 300
Richard Brit ton .. . iioo 4118
John Chambers . . 170 400
Edmund Clayton . .036 600
Thomas Curwen . . o 12 o 2 10 o
Thomas Earle . . .012 050
Thomas Fell . .140 400
William Greenbank . . 600 22 o o
Richard Hargreaves . . o 12 o 500
Edward Harrison . . 2 13 o 10 17 o
Laurence Hey . . .016 036
Thomas Leaper . .740 23 o o
Roger Leatherbarrow . 350 20 o o
THE WITNESSING FACTS 49
Amount Value ot
Demanded. Goods Taken.
Richard Miers . . .300 15 o o
John Minshall . . .020 o 12 o
Edward Moon . . .0010 134
Thomas Moon . . .0010 3 9 o
George Pye . . .240 800
Thomas Pierson . . i 13 4 400
John Pierson . . .020 090
William Simpson . . o 17 o 400
John Townsend . . 015 i 10 o
Robert Walker . . 3 17 4 10 18 4
Alice Woolhead . . i i o 500
18 6 172 15 io
Richard Ashburner, Richard Miers, Thomas Leaper,
Oliver Atherton, and Thomas Curwen also suffered
imprisonment for Tithes ; Robert Stout l the same
during a period of 18 months ; Thomas Atkinson five
months ; Richard Cubham a considerable time ;
Robert Widders two and a half years ; and Richard
Apener died in Imprisonment for the same. John
Barrow, Thomas Atkinson, James Taylor and Richard
Fell had goods taken to the value of 27. 13. 2.
Thomas Hill was a sufferer for the same cause.
1659. For refusing to take the oath on several occasions
we have the following :
Goods taken to the
1 The Stouts were an old Quaker family in Lancaster of much im
portance. Some years ago was published the " Autobiography of
William Stout of Lancaster, wholesale and retail Grocer and Ironmonger,
a member of the Society of Friends. A.D. 1665-1752." It is exceedingly
interesting and illuminating in reference not only to Quaker history but
also to Nonconformity in that town.
50 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Thomas Green l
12 3 o
35 9 4
1660. Committed to Lancaster Gaol for refusing to
swear the following :
Richard Madder, Edward Dawson, Nehemiah Poole,
Arthur Walker, Hannah Taylor, Henry Mosse and
1660. Committed to Lancaster Castle for refusing the
Oath &c. :
Ralph Barnes, Samuel Barnes, Thomas Barnes,
John Barrow, Samuel Barrow, James Barton, Thomas
Earle, Samuel Dunbabin, Richard Goose, Gilbert
Hoult, Richard Houlden, Henry Holbrook, John
Minshall, Samuel Minshall, Savage Mason, John Mercer,
John Johnson, John Seddon, Richard Tarbock and
1660. John West, Christopher West, William Hanson,
Thomas Ackringly, Robert Ardington, Elizabeth Driver
and Anne Driver with Thomas Patefield " a poor
labouring man " at whose house they were met were
committed to the Castle. Similarly Alice Ambrose,
Mary Tomkins and John Lawson " for reproving a
J Thomas Green was a shopkeeper of Lancaster. He is styled
" grocer " and " mercer," and appears to have acted as forwarding
agent for letters and parcels.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 51
1660. Robert Biggs was imprisoned. He is given as
of Hollowmire probably in the Furness District.
1661. Edward Lord, Ralph Ridgway, Nehemiah Poole,
Edward Dawson, Richard Madder, James Bold, John
Aldred, John Blinkhorne, Henry Wood, John Wood,
John Abraham, Isaac Mosse, and Abraham Garside
were beset with armed men as they were leaving a
meeting and sent to Lancaster Gaol.
1661. Thomas Cuming, 1 Robert Wilson, Henry Crosfield,
Thomas Harrison, William Mashter, Robert Taylor,
George Escridge, Robert Walker, Thomas Hodgson,
William Gunson, John Fowler, Timothy Taylor,
Robert Bruce, William Taylor, Matthew Jepson,
Robert Thornton, Bryan Hodgson, William Weaver,
George Cawson, William Harrison, Robert Mayor,
William Coward and Robert Hinde sent to prison for
being at a meeting.
1662. Thomas Moon, William Brewer, John White,
John Townsend and John Moon for demands for
tithes 2. 14. 5. were distressed to the value of
Gilbert Whitside suffered 23 months imprisonment ;
and George Lydiatt, Roger Leatherbarrow and Richard
Johnson " for Steeplehouse Rates " amounting to
19/3 had goods distrained to the value of 3. 8s. 2d.
1663. Roger Hartley, Stephen Sagar, John Sagar, and
Richard Hargreaves for demands of the value of
3. 5. lost goods value 11. 10. 6. For Tithes the
following were prisoners in the Castle : Thomas
Cubham, Richard Curwen, Isaac Ashton, Thomas
Chaddock, Henry Woods, Richard Johnson, John
Smallshaw and Henry Hulgreave.
1663. John Satterthwait and Samuel Sandys died
prisoners for their Testimony against Tithes ; and for
1 Thomas Gumming or Cummings was a dyer of Lancaster. Letters
appear frequently to have been consigned to him for delivery at
52 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
refusing the oath of Allegiance the following were
committed to prison :
Thomas Chorley, Thomas Waters, William G reave,
John Stubbs, Thomas Davenport, James Brown,
William Wilson, 1 Edward Satterthwaite and George
1664. William Wireside, Mary Boult, Gilbert Whiteside
had goods distrained for " Steeplehouse Rates."
Distress for Meetings
21 14 o
Thomas Chorley ( 21 10 o
1664. Alexander Rigby had two horses taken worth
5 ; James Gregory a Cow worth 3. These two
along with Jonathan Rigby, George Bradshaw, Ralph
Wood, Alice Pemberton and Margaret Bradley were
committed to the House of Correction for three months.
Thomas Warriner, James Had wen, Robert Clark,
Richard Borough and William Jackson were committed
to prison for religious meetings.
1665. Thomas Moone for i. 6s. demanded had goods
worth 14 taken.
John Minshall for 145. demanded had goods taken
value 3, 135. 4d.
1 William Wilson was of Langclale Chapel Stile, in Westmorland. He
travelled far in the interests of his mission, including the British Isle>,
Holland, and Germany. In 1685 he wrote to Daniel Fleming about lu^
friend, William Grave, who " is this day lyeing in the perall of death."
Grave, however, recovered, for in 1664 Wilson writing to Fox
" I have thoughts this wecke with our friend William Grave to goe dounc
to Carlile to visittc our friends there in prison."
THE WITNESSING FACTS 53
1665 Francis Benson, for being at a meeting had
" Coat and Hat taken from him and his daughter
her Petticoat." They were imprisoned also for being
James Fell, Leonard Fell, Christopher Milner,
William Holme, Bernard Benson, William Rigg,
Thomas Sale, James Sikes, and Thomas Yatcs were
imprisoned for the same. Reginald Walker, Elizabeth
Wilson and Michael Wilson for Easter offerings 2d.
each were distressed twenty times that amount.
1666. George Benson, Richard Walker, William
Satterthwaite, Richard Johnson and John Smallshaw
were committed to prison at the suit of Edward
1666. At the house of Giles Walker, George Benson,
Reginald Holme, John Dixon, Michael Wilson, Edward
Hird, Reginald Walker were taken whilst a meeting
was being held and sent to prison. Giles Walker s
house is said to be at Walker-Ground, which was
probably in the Furness District.
1667. John Townson and John White were imprisoned
in Lancaster Castle for refusing to meet the demands
" toward the Repairs of the Steeplehouse."
1668. John Sagar prosecuted in the Ecclesiastical Court
was excommunicated for not appearing at the time
" when he was close shut up in Gaol " and in con
sequence of the Excommunication was detained in
prison four and a half years.
1668. James Taylor, Thomas Barrow, Thomas Atkinson
and Laurence Newton had goods taken for non-payment
of Tithes to the value of 28. 5.
1668. John Ashton, John Haydock, Thomas Lorimer,
Hugh Taylor, Henry Wood, and Thomas Sale committed
to Lancaster Gaol for meeting at John Ashton s house.
1669. Abraham Hayworth for io/ demanded had
goods taken worth . . ..... . 2 io o
Henry Birtwisle for io/. demanded had
goods taken worth . . . . . . . i 13 4
54 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Abraham Hayworth for I5/. demanded
had goods taken worth . . . . 2 10 o
Thomas and Alice Beakbain for 3. 14. 5.
had goods taken worth . . . 5 15 o
Reginald Walker for i6/ demanded was imprisoned
in Dalton Castle 18 weeks.
Roger Longworth, Anthony Shaw, Alexander
Hatton, Heskin Fell were sent to prison " for meeting
together to worship God," and Heskin Fell, whilst in
prison was fined 20 " for suffering a meeting at his
1670. Reginald Walker imprisoned seven weeks at
Kendal " at the suit of John Ambrose l priest of
Thomas Beakbean for "a pretended Marriage fee
had goods taken from him worth jj " though the
Priest who claimed it had no Concern in marrying
him "as he was married in an assembly of
1671. Mary Hargreaves, John Hardiman and Edward
Dawson had goods distrained.
1672. John Smallshaw was sent to prison for Tithes ;
and the following were distrained for the same :
Robert Atkinson, Elizabeth Barrow, Richard Brittain,
Laurence Newton and Thomas Atkinson.
1674. John Fowler, and George Cawson were imprisoned
four months at Lancaster for a small " Demand for
Steeple house Repairs."
Robert Salthouse and James Harrison had goods
distrained for meetings in their houses the former to
the value of 6, the latter 11. 6.
1675. Thomas Bond, John Walker, and William Baines
prisoners in Lancaster Castle for Tithes.
Robert Hubbersty, Francis Flemming, William
Waithman, and James Waithman were committed
to Lancaster Castle on an Exchequer Prosecution at
the suit of Hugh Phillips, Tithe farmer, under the
1 John Ambrose, B.A., was at Grasmere from about 1660 to 1684.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 55
Dean of Worcester. John Grime distressed by
Laurence Ormond, Tithe farmer.
1676. Alice Haydock, widow, prosecuted for tithes by
the Bishop of Chester and sent to Lancaster.
Henry Birtwistle for Tithes value io/ was distressed
to the value of 3. 6. 8.
1676. John Vipon had " a piece of Kersey " taken
worth 1. io. for Tithe ; Mary Walker was fined 20
for having a meeting in her house ; and William
Wilson the same sum for preaching.
1677. John Veepan, William Whaley, Richard
Hargreaves, John Bordman, and John Grime " after
prosecution in the Wapentake Court for Tithes "
were distressed to the extent of 15, 7. 4.
1677. Thomas Crosby, Joseph Coppuck and John
Johnson had their goods distrained for a meeting at
this place to the extent of 8. 5. The place where
this occurred is given as Franley, which has not been
1677. George Rigg, Edward Stones, Informers, gave
intelligence to Miles Dolding x of a meeting which led
to 35 being taken and io having their goods distrained
to the value of 35. 17. io. The place where this
meeting was held is given as Height, probably the
same as Heighten and somewhere in the Furness
1678. George Pye for 5. 13. 4., had goods distrained
to the value 21.
Andrew Lund, Henry Townson and John Townson
" for trivial demands of tithes " were imprisoned in
the Fleet at London about four years.
Many persons in the County fined to the extent
of 74, 17. 4. for absence from the National
1 Miles Dodding was a Justice of the Peace belonging to the Cartmell
district. He was related to Sir Daniel Fleming and Colonel Richard
Kirkby, both of whom were vigilant in their persecution of the
56 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1679. William Whaley goods distrained to
the value of . . . . . . .400
Stephen Sagar goods distrained to the value of o 18 6
Peter Shackleton goods distrained to the
value of . . . . . .500
William Hatton goods distrained to the value
i 10 o
James Fletcher goods distrained to the value
1680. Thomas Crosbie and Joshua Crosbie were com
mitted to Lancaster Castle.
1680. Matthew Read of Heighton for a meeting at his
house had taken from him goods value 20, 10.
1 68 1. Henry Wood sent to prison at the suit of the
priest there. The place given is Bramble, which has
not been identified.
1682. John Fell, John Curwen, John Cowel, William
Salthouse, James Geldert, Thomas Fisher and William
Towers fined after prosecution in the Exchequer
Court for Tithes at the suit of Mary Woodburn, Tithe
farmer. Goods taken to the value of 64. 16. 3.
Also John Walker, Alice Bakebean, Christopher
Widdow and John Lees for 10, 17. 6. distressed
nearly three times the amount.
1683. Robert Salthouse and others fined for meeting.
1683. John Leigh and William Wilde at the suit of
William Richardson; Tithe farmer, committed to
1684. Richard Cubham, Godfrey Atherton, John
Minshall, William Crowdson, John Bispham, Daniel
Bispham, Richard Busby, Alexander Roylance, James
Frodsham, Thomas Hiccock, William Griffith, Gilbert
Potter, Eleanor Billings, Henry Foster, Joseph Coppuck,
Joshua Crosbie, and Henry Walton, prisoners for being
at a meeting were brought before Judge Jeffries who
THE WITNESSING FACTS 57
fined them 20 each. They were recommitted to
prison, and Henry Foster died there.
Daniel Abraham, 1 James Goddard and Leonard Fell
sent to prison for being absent from the National
William Ravvlinson, Abraham Rawlinson, Elizabeth
Saunders, Mary Benson, Henry Stones, Edward
Robinson, Barbara Satterthwait and Isabel Forest
committed to prison.
1684. James Ratcliff, Nicholas Rawthorne, John
Rawthorne, John Hargreaves, Alice Hargreaves,
Abraham Hayworth, Richard Mather, William Jackson,
Henry Crook and Henry Hargreaves were indited at
Manchester and sent to prison.
About the same time Francis Flemming was sent to
prison ; also William Satterthwait, Edward Satter-
thwaite, and Thomas Skerrow.
1684. At the interment of the wife of Henry Tomlinson
John Hayton was fined for speaking a few words and
the owners of the burial ground were fined also.
Tomlinson afterwards sent to prison.
1684. John Townson for a meeting at his house, Henry
Houlden, Thomas Tomlinson and Henry Tomlinson
for being there had goods distrained.
1 Daniel Abraham belonged to Manchester, being the only surviving
child of John and Rachel Abraham of that city. In 1682, he married
Rachel, daughter of Thomas Fell, and they resided at Swarthmoor Hall
with Margaret Fox. He was very aggressive in the advocacy of Quaker
principles, and suffered in consequence. In 1691 he purchased Swarth
moor Hall, which at his death in 1731 passed on to a son, John, who
sold it in 1759. In her deeply interesting and valuable work, Margaret
Fox of Swarthmoor Hall, Helen G. Crosfield writes : " For a hundred
and fifty years the Hall has remained in the hands of strangers, but it
has recently (1912) come into the possession of a descendant of Judge
and Margaret Fell, Miss Emma C. Abraham of Birkenhead, who has
started the much needed work of renovation and restoration. By
the deed of purchase, certain members of the Society of Friends have
the option of acquiring the Hall on the death of the present owner
and her heir, and it would therefore seem probable that Swarthmoor
Hall, after a long period of different ownership, will eventually become
the property of the Society of Friends."
58 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1684. John Rosthwait and Alice Ratcliff for absenting
themselves from the National Worship were fined.
Daniel Abraham and his wife and Margaret Fox and
Leonard Fell were prisoners at Lancaster Castle.
1685. Richard Britton, George Barrow, John Gurnall,
Miles Birkett, and Jennet Dixon were prosecuted " at
the suit of Thomas Preston of Holcar, Esqr."
Henry Mitchell was sent to prison. George Hayworth
and Henry Birtwisle were committed at the suit of
Sir Edmund Ashton. John Backhouse and Richard
Lancaster with several others had their goods
William Atkinson and Nathan Kenerdy had goods
distrained for nine weeks absence from the National
1687 Richard Hargreaves, John Sagar, John Hudson,
Roger Hartley, Nicholas Holgate, Jeffrey Shackerly, 1
John Horabin, Robert Atkinson, George Birch and
Peter Barnes were committed to prison on writ de
excom. cap. at the suit of Sir Edmund Ashton, Im-
propriator for Tithes.
1689. Taken from sundry persons out of the Fields
for Tithes " to the amount of 79. 14. 10.
1690. Taken in kind this year from Quakers in the
County 134. 14. 5.
2. THE FIRST PUBLISHERS OF THE TRUTH
The references to Lancashire in this important work,
published in 1907, are meagre, and it is, of course, quite
obvious that what follows is not to be regarded as ex
haustive. Here, again, the material is first hand, having
been collected during the years 1680 to 1720, and, there
fore, is most trustworthy. Some of the names of
Besse s " Sufferers " given in the previous section, appear
in The First Publishers of the Truth in the account
of the Westmorland meetings, which is fairly full.
1 To be distinguished from Sir Geoffrey Shakerley, who was Governor
of Chester Castle, and who was an active persecutor of the Quakri .
THE WITNESSING FACTS 59
They are not given here because this is restricted to
The introduction of Quakerism into Knowsley and
Huyton in 1654 is attributed to " Thomas Hulmes "
of Kendal, the first to receive " him and others"
being William Hatton of Knowsley, Mason, and
Peter Laithwait of Huyton. About eleven months
after this Benjamin Boult of Knowsley and Mary his
wife were " convinced," and shortly afterwards James
Fletcher then of Prescot. Boult became quite aggres
sive in the interests of the new faith, going " to
the Steeple house " at Huyton to question " the priest
William Bell 2 concerning his doctrine " and after
wards travelling to Bristol and other places. At
Shrewsbury he was a prisoner for many weeks and
died March 25th, 1661, shortly after being set at
liberty. His widow became James Fletcher s wife,
whose itinerant labours almost eclipsed those of Fox
himself in the matter of extensiveness of area. James
Fletcher died in his own house at Knowsley, March
" Ye message of glad tydings " was first brought to
this place, which is near the Yorkshire border " in ye
summer, 1653 " by William Dewsbury, Thomas Stubbs, 3
and Christopher Taylor, Dewsbury and Taylor being
from Yorkshire and Stubbs from Cumberland.
Colne shared in their labours and Thomas Taylor,
1 Thomas Holme was a weaver of Kendal. He laboured much in
Cheshire and Wales. His wife, Elizabeth Leavens (vide, p. 44, note 2),
was also a preacher and sufferer.
William Bell, M.A., was at Elswick in 1649, and at Huyton in 1654.
Calamy says that he was ejected here, but if so, he would seem to have
returned, and he continued his labours until his death in 1683.
* Thomas Stubbs, of Dalston in Cumberland, was an early convert.
He had been a soldier, and was imprisoned with some others for dis
turbing worship at Dean, in that county. He was an enthusiast for
the new gospel, which he had accepted.
60 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Christopher Taylor s brother is mentioned in connec
tion with Colne as "an early labourer in ye gospel."
James Smithson, Anne Wilkinson, James Wilkinson,
Richard Hargreaves of Edge-end and Henry Robinson
are said to have " first received those first messengers
and their message." John Moore 1 of Foulridge and
William Whalley of these parts are referred to as
" faithful " labourers who " travelled through many
parts of this nation in ye service of ye Lord."
William Dewsbury and Thomas Stubbs are named
as the first to introduce the message to this place. It
is recorded that " no sufferings were inflicted on
them but many gladly received them, yea, ye then
priest of Rossendale, Thomas Sommerton, received
them, & William Dewsbury had a large time of
m mist ring in ye steeplehouse & afterwards ye priest
confirmed by words ye Testimony delivered." The
first to receive the message were Susan Heyworth,
widow, and Mary Birtwisle, widow. To this district
belongs Thomas Lorimer, who in his childhood " came
Apprentice to Abraham Heyworth " [Haworth of Ros
sendale] and was subsequently at John Fielden s of
Hartley Royd. In 1669 he travelled in various Counties
of England and even in Ireland, in the interests of the
movement ; and died at Rossendale May 8, 1678.
The first to bring " ye glad-tydings " to Oldham
were James Taylor, 2 Richard Roper, 3 John Braithwait 4
1 John Moore lived at Ball House, now an old farm house, near
1 Of James Taylor little is known. Along with Robert Widders he
laboured considerably in the north of England and died about 1687.
It is recorded that " Priest Bennet [Philip Bennett] of Cartmel,
came out of an ale-house being in drink, with Richard Raper [Roper]
and boasted that he beat him and struck up his heels."
4 Possibly John Braithwaite, son of James Braithwaite of Newton.
He travelled much in the interests of his faith, the sharer of those
travels being Thomas Briggs. He died before 1681.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 61
and Thomas Briggs, 1 four Furness men. At Oldham
they were " haled out of ye steeple house yeard " by
Tetlow, Churchwarden, " who thrust them over ye
wall " ; and at Ashton - under - Lyne " Priest
Harrison 2 gave Charge " that the people " should not
Entertain them into their houses." The first that
entertained the new preachers and their message were
James Sykes 3 and Joshua Ogden.
3. THE CONVENTICLE RETURNS OF 1669
These " Returns " are in the Lambeth Library
and the MS. was recently printed by the late Professor
Turner in his monumental work Original Records of Early
Nonconformity under Persecution and Indulgence. The
following are taken from it. It will be noted that names
of persons are not supplied, but in other respects the
information is quite illuminating ; and, in particular,
it gives some idea of the strength of Quakerism in the
County at the time.
(i) BLACKBURN DEANERY
Quakers to the number of about 20.
Severall Meetings of Quakers.
(2) LEYLAND DEANERY
Monthly meetings of Quakers, their number about
40 or 50, and several other Conventicles.
1 Thomas Briggs, possibly of Bolton-le-Sands and born about 1610.
He travelled considerably in England and ^suffered much, dying about
2 John Harrison, B.A., was at Ashton from 1643 to 1662, being
ejected by the Uniformity Act in the latter year.
3 James Sykes was "at Lingards in Slaighwood, Almondsbury, Yorks,"
at the time of his decease in 1679. He was buried at Heyside.
62 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
(3) MANCHESTER DEANERY
Frequent Conventicles of Nonconformists (which are
the most numerous). Others of Anabaptists, Quakers.
The persons are Tradesmen, and mostly women.
Meetings of Quakers to a great number. Several!
other Conventicles of Presbyterians, Independents,
Dippers & such like, of the best ranke of the
(4) WARRINGTON DEANERY
Several Quakers and Papists.
Some Convent, of Nonconf. Papists. Quakers.
(5) KENDAL DEANERY
Meeting of Quakers, about 40.
Meeting of Quakers to the number of 40, sometimes
Burton (partly in Lancashire and partly in Westmorland).
Quakers 50, sometimes more.
(6) FURNESS DEANERY
Quakers meet in great numbers.
Independents & Quakers.
Quakers about 50 & some Anabaptists.
Cartmell Fell Chapel.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 63
(7) LONSDALE DEANERY
Meeting of Quakers about 40 or upwards.
Quakers to the number of 20 & upwards & Non
conformists to the number of 16 & upwards.
Some few Quakers.
Quakers about 40.
(8) AMOUNDERNESS DEANERY
There are 3 sorts of Conventicles within this parish ;
one of Papists, the second of Quakers neere litle
Eccleston ; the third of Phanaticks att Lund Chappell
& att Heape Chap.
4. CHURCH PAPERS
The following from the Church Papers in the Registry
Office, Chester, have been taken from MSS. kindly lent
by Dr Farrer. They begin with 1665 and continue to
1680. It should be noted that it is upon these returns
in the various Dioceses that the Lambeth MS. printed
in Professor Turner s book * is based. They are, however,
considerably more full and illuminating than the Lambeth
Returns. They include Presentments and other matters,
and relate to Nonconformists and Papist Recusants as
well as Quakers ; but they are printed here because it
1 Vide p* 61.
64 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
is not possible always to distinguish the one from the
other and because the information is almost entirely new.
1665 DEANERY OF LEYLAND
Against Ric. Blackburne & Dorothy his wife,
Elizth. Standish & Alice Hawkshead, servant there,
James Gerrard of Well & Alice his wife, & Thos.
Garstang, Oliver Gerrard of Denham & his wife,
Evan Gerrard & Jennet his wife, John Gerrard of
Hoult, Tho. Gerrard & Lettice his wife, Hen. Gerrard
& Jennet, his wife, Margaret wife of Oliver Gerrard of
Clacke, Alice Gerrard wid., Elizth. Gerrard wid., Hen.
Gerrard the younger & Margt. his wife [& others]
Against Thos. Gelibrand & Anne his wife, John
Gelibrand gent., Elizth. Anderton, Will. Banister,
Hugh Tootell & Margt. his wife, Anne Tootell, Emlyn
Baldwyn [and others] Popish Recusants.
Against Will Smart, Schoolmaster at Bretherton
for non-appearance. He appd. & exhib. his lie. dated
21 Aug. 1662.
Against John Trafford Esq. & Anne his wife,
Dorothy Ashton, wid., Ellen Bradshawe, Will Worsley,
the younger, Margt. Worsley wid. John Crooke,
Ellen w. of Will Hoghton, Elizth. Backhouse, wid.
Nich. Atherton, Cuthbert Clifton & Isabella his wife
Will Westhead & Anne his wife, Robt. Mawdsley &
Ellen his wife, Thos. Backhouse, the wife of Robert
Banister, the wife of Geoffrey Tarleton, Edward
Bowker & Jennet his wife, Ric. Bowker the younger,
Mary wife of Edward Bampford, Gilbert Lancaster &
his wife, Henry Cuerden & Catherine his wife, [&
others] Popish Recusants.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 65
Against John Milner of Mawdesley, schoolmaster,
for teaching a private school.
Against Will Thompson of Rufford, for the same.
Against James Forshawe of Tarlton for the same.
He produced the Bishop s lie. dat. 29 Aug. 1662.
Against Margt. w. of John Wignall, Hen. Wallin &
Ric. Parke, Popish Recusants.
Mr Fleetwood, farmer.
Will. Thompson, schoolmaster.
Against Gervase Winterbothom, schoolmaster for
non-app. He appd. & produced his licence.
Against Robt. Charnocke, usher.
Against Hugh Marsen (?) for teaching school in a
Against Robert Charnocke & his wife, John Norris
& his wife, Thomas Durham, James Houghton, John
Charnocke, Will. Anderton, Esq. Thos. Worthington
Esq., & his wife, Rog. Anderton, Mary Anderton,
Grace Anderton, Elizth. Mather [& others] Recusants.
No unlawful meetings except of Papists who generally
meet on Saboth dayes and other holly dayes at the
house of Ellen Shay, spinster, and Ric. Ridley, Cowper.
The gent, who reads masse & inhabites in the toune
goes under the name of John Berkett.
66 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
There is a monthly meeting of Quakers at the house
of Meakin [Heskin] Fell in Coppull : their number is
about 40 or 50.
The Curate certifies that he understands there are
many other Conventicles in the parish.
Against John Gelibrand gent. Robt. Waring, John
Tootell & Hugh Tootell, Popish Recusants.
Against Margt. Wignall, Richd. Parke, & Hen.
Wilson, Popish Recusants.
Against Hen. Pope & Jennet his wife, Alice wife of
Richard Southorth, Will. Croston, Will Rushton [&
others] Popish Recusants.
Against Ric. Blackburne gent. & his wife, Thos.
Walmsley gent. & his wife, James Gerrard of Well &
his wife, Popish Recusants.
Against Evan Gerrard of Well the younger & his
wife, John Gerrard of Breaworth & his wife, & Anne of
their family, Elizth. wife of John Hulton, John Lievsley
& John his son, Alice Gerrard, wid. Thomas Parr [and
others] Popish Recusants.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 67
Against John Trafford gent. & Anne his wife, Dorothy
Ashton, wid. Alex. Hesketh gent. & Monica his wife,
Margaret Worsley wid., Margt. w. of Nich. Atherton,
Against Hen. Yate, Anne Watkinson, wid., Dorothy
Wignall, Richd. Tootill, Isabella Gandy, Rich. Wose
& Anne his wife, Thos. Lea & Jane his wife, all of
Rufford, Popish Recusants.
Against Hen. Nelson mort. & Alice his wife, Rich.
Nelson, Ralph Nelson, Thos. Nelson, Hen. Nelson,
Robert Mawdsley & Ellen his wife, James Finche &
Emlin his wife, Ric. Ayscough & Jane his wife, Alice
Pemberton, Ellen Yate, Elizth. Yate, John Harsnep,
Thomas Harsnep, Frances Harsnep [& others] all in
Mawdsley Popish Recusants.
Against Peter Lathom, Michael Pemberton, Humph.
Traves & Cath. his wife, Gilbert Burscowe [& others]
of Bispham, Popish Recusants.
Against Edwd. Bowker & Jenet his wife, Ric. Bowker,
Blanch Whalley, Jennet Blackhurst, Senior, Edwd.
Bamford & Mary his wife, Elizth. Barrett, Ellen wife
of Will. Johnson & Margt. wife of Ricd. Crosse, all of
Bretherton, Popish Recusants.
Against Rog. Ashton gent. Giles Chapman, gent.,
Will. Gray dell gent. & his wife, John Walmsley, Hugh
Jump mort, Robt. Jumpe, Hen. Martlew, Gilbert
Lancaster & his wife, Robt. Sayle & his wife, John
Dobson & Alice his wife, all of Uleswalton, Popish
Against James Gandy, Senior, Henry Cuerdel &
Catherine his wife, Margt. Whittle, wid., Ric. Leigh,
John Jumpe & his wife, Jennet Parke, John Parke,
Hen. Holme, Will. Colle & Anne his wife, Hen. Colle,
Sarah Cance wid., Anne Walbanke, Spinster, all of
Tarleton, Popish Recusants.
68 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Against Mary Crane wid., Margt. Thompson Spinster,
Thos. Sherburne, gent. & Mary his wife, Nich. Heskeyn
& his wife, Will Croston & Margery his wife, Isabella
Scarsbricke, Thos. Nelson, gent., Ric. Nelson gent.,
John Stopford & Jane his wife, Will Mawdsley &
Margt. his wife, John Brindle, Alice Brindle, Robt.
Brindle, [&. others] Popish Recusants.
Against Mrs (Magistra) Grace Bould, Margt. Werden
& Elizth. Starkey of Leyland, for Recusancy.
Against Mrs Susan Orrell, Will. Whitehead, John
Hilton, Will. Bankes, Will Dickeson, & Elizth. Bolton,
of Leyland for the same.
Against Hugh Anderton gent., Will. Toot ell, Margt.
Hodson wid., John Woodcocke, Will. Melling, Laur.
Breres & Robt. Hodson all of Euxton for the same.
Against Dorothy Whittle, Rog. Worsley, John
Breres, Hen. Blackledge, Will. Farn worth, James
Gerrart, Anne Simpson, wid., all of Wheelton, and
Will. Eaton & Ric. Leekas of Winnell for the same.
Against Will. Sharrocke & John Crichlowe of Clayton,
Hugh Tootell of Whittle, & Thomas Woodcocke &
Alice Jackson of Cuerden for the same.
Against Will. Frith, labourer & Mary his wife, Jane
wife of Robt. Johnson, Elizth. Mather & Elizth. Mather
Spinsters all of Anderton for Popish Recusants.
Against Jane Fisher, John Gatliffe, Margt. Houghton
& Jane Pilkinton, all of Welsh- Whittle for the same.
Against Tho. Worthington, Esq., mort. Alex. Cawsey,
James Butler & Margt. his wife, Will. Mather & Thomas
Fazakerley, all of Worthington, for the same.
Against John Rigbye, Edward Woodward [blank]
Standish, wid., Will. Hatton and his wife and Alice
their daughter, Hugh Maddocke and Alex. Hatton,
all in Standish, for being Quakers.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 69
Against Tho. Worthington and Ellen his wife,
Tho. Worthington and Mary his wife, Geoff. Pilkinton
and his wife, Ric. Vaux and his wife for the same.
Against Robt. Cumberbacke of Langtree & his wife,
Against Rog. Pilkinton of Duxbury & his wife, Thos.
Lickhouse & his wife of the same for the same.
1671, 16 June.
Against John Trafford gent. & Anne his wife, Alex.
Hesketh & Monica his wife, Robt. Mawdsley & Ellen
his wife, John Harsnep & Anne his wife, Hen. Finch,
Mary Bamford, Gilbert Lancaster & his wife, Hen.
Cuerdell & Catherine his wife [and others] Papists.
Against Tho. Sherburne & Mary his wife, Ellen
Pilkington wid. Will. Croston, Tho. Nelson gent.
Ric. Nelson gent. Anne Mollyneux, wid. [and others]
Against Will. Werden & Catherine his wife, Peter
Werden & Jennet his wife, Alice wife of Ric. South-
worth, Will. Rushton, gent. & his wife, Jane wife of
Will. Bradshawe [and others] Popish Recusants.
Against Tho. Worthington Esq. & his wife, Tho.
Worthington & his wife, Alex. Duxbury & his wife,
James Butler & Margt his wife, Will Frith of
Charnocke Heath & his wife [and others] Popish
Against James Lievsay of Plesington, par. of Black-
burne, Taylor, for disturbing ye Congregacon when ye
Minister was preaching a funerall Sermon.
70 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Against Mrs. Catherine Kaley, Mr. Rich. Chorley &
Catherine his wife, Mrs. Margt Chorley, Mr. Edward
Tootell & Anne his wife, Hugh Tootell & Margt. his
wife [& others] Popish Recusants.
Against Hugh Dicconson Esq. Thos. Nelson gent.
Ellen his wife, Elizabeth Halliwell wid. [& others]
Against John Coventree a Quaker.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against Mrs. Dorothy Wesby, Mrs. Suzanna Orrell,
Mrs. Margaret Crooke [& others] Popish Recusants.
Against Mr. Will Anderson & Mary his wife [blank]
Anderton, wid. Mr. John Walmsley & his wife [&
others] Popish Recusants.
Whittle, Clayton 6- Cuerden.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Hoghton, Withnell 6- Wheelton.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against [n] Popish Recusants.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against Mr. Woodward & his wife [and 9 others]
THE WITNESSING FACTS 71
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against  Popish Recusants.
Against Tho. Worthington Esq. & his wife Mary
Worthington wid [and 10 others] Pop. Rec.
Against John Haydock and his wife, Rog. Haydock,
Alice Haydock, wid. Heskin Fell and his wife, Thomas
Jarmond and Roger Bibbie, reputed Quakers.
Against Edwd. Stan dish & Frances his wife [& 3
others] Pop. Recusants.
Against  Pop. Recusants.
Against Jane wife of Will. Gregson, Will. Frith, and
Mary his wife, and Thomas Hatton absentees from
Against Mrs. Anne Houghton [& 14 others] all of
Charnock Richard, Popish Recusants.
1669 DEANERY OF AMOUNDERNESS
There are three sorts of Conventicles viz. Papists,
Quakers and Phanaticall or mixt multitude. Of the
Papists there are two Conventicles very visible at
Westby-Hall rented by one Mr. Butler the supposed
priest, whither resort some hundreds. Another at
Moubricke where Mr. Hughson alias Whaley sojourneth
with Mrs. West by and (as is more then said) officiates
as priest there.
At Mr. Gervas Clifton s of Plumpton (as is said) is
72 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
set apart a place or Chappell for Romanists, but since
Mr. Hughson s abode at Moubricke it s not soe much
At Salwicke Hall (it s said) the Romanists out of
Preston have their meetings.
In Great Singleton they be generally Papists but
have not their Conventicles soe fixed, but have two
or three supposed Priests.
There hath usually been a Conventicle of Quakers
at one Brewers house in or near Litle Eccleston.
Of the Phanaticall party there was a Conventicle
at Lund Chappell on Sunday in last Lent Assizes by
Mr. John Parr 1 and either for that or the like offence
the next Sunday at Heapa Chappell (it s said) he is
to answeare at the next assizes.
There was another Conventicle held by one Hartley
a Yorkshire man and lately a weaver and now an
Antinomian speaker, he usurped the pulpit at
Kirkham in the absence of the minister. He hath
also held many Conventicles at Gousnargh, the vacancy
of which Chappell gives the Nonconformists incourage-
ment to meet there since the expiracon of the Act
The factions plead Indulgence because of the Indul
gence of the Papists and their experience that Church
wardens presentments are but laughed at.
1677 DEANERY OF LONSDALE
Arkholme Par. Melting.
Against Anthony Proctor, curate there, not licensed.
He appeared & showed his lie. obtained from the Bp.
3rd August last. Dismissed 2s. 6d.
1 John Parr was a prominent Nonconformist minister. He laboured
at Elswick, Danven, and Walton near Preston. In 1672 he obtain- -.1
a licence to be a " Congregational teacher at Farington " and lias an
honourable place in Calamy s list of worthies. He died about 1714,
his will being proved in 1716. He appears to have been particularly
active in his work during the period of persecution.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 73
Burton in Lonsdale.
Against Hen. Melling a Quaker.
Against Robt. Croskell and Anne his wife, Laur.
Lea, Margt. Dobson, Tho. Kendall, Thomasene
Kendall, Anne Gibson, Jennet Gibson, Edwd. Wilson
and Jane his wife, Mary Dincley, Anne Bland, Will.
Croft and Dorothy his wife, Robt. Croft, Ellen Croft,
Tho. Hind and Margt. his wife, Jane Fawchett, Anne
Craven, Will. Stockdale and Anne his wife, Papists
Against Margt. Dixon, a school dame unlicensed
and a papist.
Against John Dincley, schoolmaster for non-appear
ance. Excom. issued.
Against Christr. Lawfeild & Elizth. his wife, Richard
Lawfeild & Jane his wife, Will. Sweetlove & Mary
his wife, Hen. Kellett & Margery his wife, Ralph
Chatburne & Ellen his wife, Dorothy Foxcroft, Anne
Thompson, Anne Kellett & Agnes Lawfeild, Papists.
Against Josiah Morley, gent & Dorothy his wife,
Ignotus Morley & Mary his wife [& others] Recusants.
Against Marmaduke Wildman, pretended School
master for teaching school, reading prayers and
marrying being not in orders, nor licensed.
Mr. Kay, 1 minister there asserted Wildman to be in
Deacons Orders 2s. 6d.
Thomas Kay, M.A., was educated at Oxford, being instituted to
the living at Melling on Dec. 24th 1677. This he held until 1689.
74 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Against Mrs. Elizth. Causfeild, James Wallin, Margt.
Against Joseph Ward, Anne Ward, Martin Wildman,
John Wildman, James Wildman, Eliz. Wildman,
John Prestley, mort., Margt his pretended wife, John
Hodgson and Catherine his pretd. wife, Geo Hathorn-
thwaite, Marmaduke Tatham and Frances his wife,
Francis, Robert, James, John and Alice their children,
Gregory Cockram, Ric. Fletcher and Margt his wife
and Eh z. Brogdin, Quakers.
Against Cuthbert Parkinson & Dorothy his wife &
Julian Morley, Papists.
Against Geoffrey Wildman and Agnes his wife,
Thomas Addison and Rebecca his wife, John Topham,
Agnes Outhwaite, reputed Quakers.
Against Edmund Foxcroft, schoolmaster for non-
appearance. He appeared & submitted and is to
obtain lie. before 1st August next.
Against John Girlington Esq. & Margt. his wife,
Magdalen Girlington, Cuthbert Girlington, Christiana
Girlington, Mary Girlington [& others] Papists.
Against Giles Moore and Elizabeth his wife, Edwd.
Moore and John Croser, Quakers.
Against Thomas Cams, Esq., deceased & Mary his
wife, George Cams his son, Thomas Brabin, gent. &
Mary his wife [& others] Papists.
1665 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN
7th Dec. In Whalley Church before John Dwight and
Philip Flanner, etc.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 75
Against Richard Wilkinson of Brerecliffe for suffer
ing Elizabeth Hartley to be buryed contrary to the
lawes of the Church.
He appeared and alleges that the said Hartley dyed
at his house and was fetched away by a company of
Quakers and yt he was not anything privie nor con
senting to it, therefore dismissed 2s. 8d.
Against John Smith of Hill quaker for suffering
dead corps to be buryed in his land.
Against Samuel Blakey, John Heap, William Heap
and Joseph Cawthery for Quakers.
Adam Clegg curate there.
Against James Whipp a Quaker for having private
Quaker meetings in his house.
[Mr. Kippax l clc. minister there.]
Lowe Church als. Walton-in-le-Dale.
1 John Kippax, M.A., was educated at Cambridge and appointed to
Haslingden in 1658. Calamy gives him in his list of Ejected Ministers
under Newchurch and Rossendale. If that is correct, he evidently
conformed in 1662, when he was ordained priest; in 1665 he was
licensed to preach at Haslingden. He was incumbent until his death in
1679, being buried at Colne on Dec. 2yth of that year.
76 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Newchurch in Rossendale.
Abraham Haworth and Rich. Radcliffe for Quakers.
Against Ric. Walmesley Esq. & his wife, Edwd.
Clayton, Ric. Grimshawe of Clayton Esq. & his wife
& Catherine Wade of Altham for Recusants.
Against Charles Sagar, 1 Schoolmaster there, Non
conformist, for not appearing.
Against Tho. Walmesley, usher, likewise. He pro
duced his lie. & was dismissed is. 4d.
Against Tho. Licas of Lower Darwin, Will. Fair-
barrowe of Livesey & Anne Rawcliffe of Billington,
Against Ric. Hargreaves, John Hargreaves, Ralph
Farebrother, John Browne, John Hartley, Peter
Hartley, James Hartley, Rog. Hartley, John Sager,
Stephen Sager, Ric. Hargreaves, John Greenwood,
Mary Greenwood, Tho. Barcroft, Ellen Bolton, Ellen
Pollard, & Hen. Robinson, for Quakers.
Against Hen. Walker for not frequenting the
Against Matthew Tootell & his wife, Ralph Rishton,
senior, & his wife, Ralph Rishton, junior, & his wife,
Mary wife of Christr. Hindle of Aspden, Tho. Burtwisle
1 Charles Sagar was born at Burnley in 1636 and appointed to the
mastership of the Blackburn Grammar School in 1656. His Non
conformity led to his withdrawal from this position, and he suffered
imprisonment for the same as did many of his brethren. In 1072 he
took out a preaching license and eventually became Pastor of the
Nonconformist Church at Darwen. He died there at the age of 61 years
on Fcby. I3th, 1698.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 77
of Huncote, gent. & his wife & Tho. Baley & his wife
for Recusants or not coming to Divine Service.
Against James Kershawe & Mary wife of Rog.
Ryley for not coming to Divine Service.
Against John Digby of Huncoate & John Read of
Churchtowne for teaching schools without license.
Read asserted that he never taught school in all his
life, only his wife sometimes doth teach 3 or 4. Dis
Against Matthew Anderton, Stephen Anderton,
gent. Helen Janian & Will. Banester for Recusants.
Against Nich. Dugdale & Margt his wife, James
Paitfield and Anne his wife, Hen. Standen, senior,
and his wife, Stephen Lorimer, Ellen Leigh, and Anne
Driver for Quakers.
Against James Whipp and Mary his wife, Eliz.
Croxdale of their family and Margt wife of Robt.
Bullocke for not coming to Divine Service on Sundays
and Holy Days and standing excommunicate.
Against Ric. Wilson, schoolmaster.
Against John Fielding, schoolmaster, for non-app.
Against John Cunliffe & Isabella his wife, & Hen.
Blackburne, Popish Recusants.
Against Hen. Hargreaves, Agnes Robinson, and
Catherine Dowe, all of Haslingden for Quakers.
Lowe Church als. Walton-in-le-Dale.
Against Geo. Taylor, schoolmaster, not lied. He
appeared & produced his lie. Dismissed.
Against Edwd. Walmsley & his wife & servants,
Will. Osbaldston & his wife & servants, Thomas Balden
78 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
& his sister, Jane Winstanley, Will. Banke his
servants, Isabella Banke, Leon. Walmsley & his wife,
John Darwen, Tho. Banester, Evan Darwen, Edmund
Catterall & his wife, John Banke, Peter Gerrard,
Matthew Singleton & his wife, Geo. Banister, Thomas
Anderton, the wife of Thomas Darwin, the wife of
George Critchley, Anne Blakeburne [and others]
Against Thos. Stanley, gent, and all his family,
Ric. Cowpe & his wife, Geo. Blakoe [blank] Bruen
wid. & her son, Will. Dowson, Robt. Blakoe & his
wife & John Smith & his wife, all of Cuerdale, Papists.
Newchurch in Rossendale.
Against Agnes wife of John Whitakers for a Papist.
Against Charles Haworth, schoolmaster, He exhib.
his lie. & was dismissed.
Newchurch in Pendle.
Against Ranulph Holker, mort. & Mary Higgin,
Against John Nutter, senior, John Bullcocke & Mary
Higgin for teaching school without licence. Nutter &
Against Rog. Barton, schoolmaster. He appd. &
showed his lie. Dismissed.
Against Alice Alston, wid., Anne w. of John Crouchley,
Robert Walmsley, Hen. Corver & his family, Peter
Winstanlowe & his wife, Robt. Valiant & Ellen Gregson,
wid. all of Whalley for Recusants ; and Christopher
West of the same, a Quaker, all standing Excom
THE WITNESSING FACTS 79
Against Frances La we, wid. Tho. Alston & Margaret
his wife, Cecily Walsh, wid. Henry Walsh, Elizth.
Walsh & Catherine Walsh, all of Wiswell, Popish
Recusants & excom.
Against Edwd. Sherburne, Catherine Sherburne,
wid. & Tho. Dugdale for the same.
Against Cornelius Townley & his wife, George
Ingham, mort. & Elizth. his wife, Laurence Wilkinson
& Anne his wife, John Radcliffe, Elizth. Coulthurst,
Christopher Frame, William Frame & Jennet Frame
for standing excom.
They present Mr Thomas Jollye, 1 Mr Samuell Newton, 2
Mr Astley, 3 Mr Parr 4 (all non-conformist ministers) for
preaching at Conventicles at diverse Chappells in this
parish especially at Darwen Chappell. Mr Randle
Sharpies of Blackburn at whose house it s supposed
there was a Conventicle July 25th. Mr Charles Sagar
late schoolmaster there.
Mr Lawrence Hayworth of Berdwood and many
Sixe Nonconformist Ministers have used to preach
at Darwin Chappell by turnes every Sunday, and
sometimes at some other Chappells in the parish.
C lithe foe
Newchurch in Pendle
Walton in le Dale
1 Vide p. 204. a Ejected minister of Rivington.
3 Richard Astley was ejected from Blackrod and subsequently
appears at Hull.
4 Vide p. 72.
8o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
A meeting sometimes of Independants at a house
in this parish to the number of about thirtie of the
ordinary sort of people.
Quakers to the number of about 20 frequently meet
at a house or two in the parish.
There have been severall meetings of Quakers at
John Hardman s house in Habersham-Eaves.
A It ham.
They present Abraham Haworth, John Waddington,
Matthew Taylor, Widow Harwood, Ric. Ellison and
Kath. wife of Robt. Waide for Independant Con-
Ric. Walmsley, Esq., Ric. Grimshaw, Esq., & Ric.
Cottom for Popish Recusants.
There are Conventicles kept in the houses of John
Crombocke gent, a frequent meeting house, Will Seller
an officer in the late Parliament Army, Widow
Halstead s, Ric. Lawsons, John Hayes. The persons
preaching are Mr Thomas Jolly and Mr Newton, and
the frequenters are Jane wife of John Crombocke gent.,
Priscilla wife of James Catterall gent, and others.
Ric. Radcliffe and Abraham Haworth, Quakers,
keep Conventicles in their houses.
Downham & Pendle.
Against Mr John Hargreaves, pretended clerk for
preacliing at Holmes Chappell and at Goodshaw
THE WITNESSING FACTS 81
Chapell without Licence, 10 Nov. 1670. Hargreaves
appeared & produced his discharge for a similar fault
at the Metropolitan Visitation lately held, dated 6 July
1670, and stated that since that time he never preached
nor read prayers in publique and promised never to
offend again in the like. Therefore dismissed.
[Later.] This Act is vacant because he refused to
take an oath & admitted that about 6 July aforesaid
he publicly preached in Haslingden Chapel. 10 Nov.
he confessed that before this presentmt. he did preach
and read prayers in several places.
Against James Whip of Twiston for not bringing
his wife and Childe to be buryed at the Chappell but
burying them in the feild.
Against Henry Ramsbotham for coueringe his head
in time of devine service.
Against Christofer Bridge and Robt. Winterbothom
for playing at football in time of divine service. 23 Aug.
1672 before Mr Clayton, Surrogate, the parties appeared
per Mr Kippax, Minister there and were absolved and
dismissed with a caution. 45.
Against Thomas Saunder, clerk, minister there for
not administering the holly Communion soe often as
he ought, but he saith he was at London upon
the Churche account. He appeared and promised
to be diligent in the execution of his office in future
so dismissed with a warning, is. Sd.
Against Richard Radcliffe for hedgeing in a parcell
of land to bury dead corps in and diverse have been
interr d there.
Against John Smith and his wife, James Smithson
and his wife, Joseph Cawthrey Robert Atkinson and
82 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
his wife, Mary wife of Edmund Wilkinson, Jennet \\iiV
of John Savage, Jane Clayton, John Hardman and
Robt. Whittaker for new Recusants.
Against Ralph Farbrother, Joseph Driver, John
Hargreaves, Ric. Hargreaves, Mary Hargreaves, wid.
John Sagar, Stephen Sagar, and Rog. Hartley as
new Recusants, or for not coming to Church at all.
20 June 1672. On petition of James Hargreaves,
Minister there, the said Fairbrother has been pardoned
and dismissed. 5s.
Against Christr. Hargreaves & James Hartley for
teaching school without license. Hargreaves produced
his lie. dat. 8 May 1669. 2s. 6d.
Against James Whipp for keeping monthly Con
Against Will. Bulcocke and Elizth. his wife and
John Hoyle being professed Quakers.
Against James \Vhipp and Mary Crosdale, Quakers
for standing excom. and him for having a Conventicle
in his house.
Against Margt. wife of Robert Bulcocke for not
coming to Church of sixe months.
Pendle alias Newchurch.
Against John Greenwood of Old Lawnd and Mary
his wife for new Recusants and not receiving the
Against Stephen Anderton, gent., Ellen wife of Will.
Frankland, Edward Rogerson & Mary his wife, Popish
Against James Patefield and Anne his wife, Rich.
Dugdale & Margt. his wife, Ellen Lee and Anne Driver
spinsters for being Quakers.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 83
Against John Crombocke for keeping a meeting
house for private Conventicles
Mr Gey, vie. there certified Crombocke to be non
compos mentis and he is therefore dismissed.
Against Will. Sellers in Pendle, John Hay in Padiham,
Catherine Halstead, wid. and Ric. Lawson in Hopton
for the same.
Catherine Halstead pardoned.
A It ham.
Against Ric. Walmsley Esq. & his wife, Ric.
Grimshay Esq. & his wife, & Catherine wife of Robt.
Wade, Popish Recusants.
Against Tho. Livesay of Upper Darwin for having
a child baptized by a nonconformist at Darwin Chapel.
Mr Clayton, the minister, promised to examine the
manner of the christening.
Against Geo. Crouchley & his wife, Bridget Pollard,
wid. Anne Booth, wid. William Tarlton, & Elizth.
his wife, Agnes Birtwistle, James Hargreaves, Ric.
Townley of Townley Esq., John Townley, Charles
Townley, Geo. Kilshawe, Jennet Sagar, wid. James
Roberts & Grace his wife, Edwd. Watson, & Jennet his
wife, Popish Recusants.
Against Robt. Whittaker of Heby, John Hardman,
John Smith of Briercliffe and his wife, James Smithson,
Jennet wife of John Swaine, Mary wife of Edwd.
Wilkinson, as new Recusants.
Against John Sutcliffe, schoolmaster, not licensed.
He afterwards obtained license and was dismissed.
Against Tho. Birtwisle of Hu[n]cote & Margt. his
wife & Theodosia their daughter, Joseph Birtwisle
84 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
& his wife, Elizabeth wife of Matthew Tootell of
Church, Ralph Rishton of Oswaldtwisle & his wife,
Jennet Rishton wid. & Elizth. his dau. Mary wife of
Christopher Kindle & Ellen wife of Will Broughton,
all of Oswaldtwisle for Popish Recusants.
Against John Cunliffe & Isabella his wife, Robt.
Squier, Will Mercer of Tanhouse, James Brown,
junior, & Ralph Hall son of Adam Hall of Bankes for
Against Tho. Walton, gent. & his wife, Will
Osbaldston, gent., John Jackson, Leonard Walmsley,
& his wife, Geo. Cowpe & his wife & Tho. Shawe
Against Will. Shawe & Mary his wife & Tho. Tarlton
Junr. Popish Recusants.
Against John Greenwood and Mary his wife for
Against Isabella wife of Edwd. Hargreaves for an
Against Ric. Ratcliffe and Alice his wife and James
his son, Abraham Hayworth and Isabella his wife for
Quakers and having private Conventicles in their
Against Agnes Whittakers for an old Recusant.
Against Anne Crouchley, wid. Ellen Gregson, wid.
Ellen Welbie, Robt. Valiant and Anne Haworth for
Against Mrs Catherine Sherburne, wd. Anne Parrye,
Edward Sherburne, gent., Robt. Dugdale, Tho.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 85
Dugdale, Tho. Alston & Margt. his wife, Grace
Parkinson, Frances Lawe, wid. Mary Heaton, Hen.
Walsh, Catherine Walsh, Margt. Blackburne, Laur.
Wilkinson & Anne his wife, Christopher Freyn &
Bridget Ainsworth, Popish Recusants.
Whitwell Chapel in the forest of Bowland and par. of
Against John Forrest, John Farn worth and Ellis
Edge all of Blackburne for prophaneinge the Saboth
by playing at Pennypricke as is reported [ultimately
Against John Kenion, clerk, curate not exhibiting.
Against Robt. Robinson, schoolmaster not exhibit
ing. Obtained Licence.
Against Jenet Rishton, widow, Elizabeth Rishton,
Ralph Rishton and his wife and the wife of Christopher
Hindle and Elizabeth Brought on, widow, for non-
Against Thomas Birtwistle and his wife, Joseph
Birtwistle and his wife and Theodore Birtwistle for
not coming to the prayers of the Church.
Against John Read, Parish Clerk and Robert Holden,
Schoolmaster, for non-appearance. Read appeared
Against Nicholas Dugdale and Margaret his wife,
Anne Patefield, widow, Ellen Lee, spinster, and Joan
Barrow, spinster, for Quakers.
86 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Against Margaret Faulkner, a simple woman for
bearing a bastard child, but knows not the father
Against Richard Mitchell for burying his child in
Against Lawrence Townley, schoolmaster, not
licensed. Later Mr Hargreaves, minister, certifies that
he does not teach. 2s. 6d.
Against the same and John Sutcliffe and Christopher
Hargreaves other schoolmasters for not appearing.
Mr French certified as to Sutcliffe s licence, dismissed.
Same of Hargreaves.
Against James Whip [? of Twiston] Elizabeth
Crosdall, William Bulcocke and Elizabeth his wife.
Against Thomas Ingham [later obiit] schoolmaster
Against John Grime and his wife, John Haworth,
Henry Birtwistle and his wife, Anne Hey, Ellis
Scholfield and his wife, for Non-communicants.
Against Henry Hargreaves and his wife, Amias[?]
Robinson and Catherine Doe for not coming to divine
Newchnrch in Pendle.
Against John More, schoolmaster at Greenhead for
non-appearance. [Later.] Exhibited.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 87
Newchurch in Rossendale.
Against Edward Spencer, Thim. Hargreaves and the
rest of the wardens there, for that the pulpit stands
both low and darke and the minister desires that it
may be removed to another pillar or sett higher.
[Ordered to do it. Done.]
Against Richard Radcliffe for haveinge a Conven
ticle in his house.
Against Agnes Whitaker for a Papist.
Against Richard Radcliffe, James Radcliffe,
Abraham Heyworth and Isabel his wife and Mary
Lord for Quakers.
Against James Whittaker and Grace his wife, it s
said to be her fault she lives in Burnley, for living
Against the aforesaid Richard Radcliffe for hedging
a piece of ground to bury in and severall have been
Against Christopher Duckworth for a Quaker. 3
Walton-le-Dale als. Lowe Church.
Against William Farrington of Werden for not paying
his Church lay being 43. 2d. He appeared and alleged
that the ground and thing that he is presented for
is part of the demense of Walton which was purchased
from Sr. Rich. Houghton s Ancestors about fiftie years
agoe and that the whole demesne was never ...[?]
assessed ... & so by right he ought not to pay, so
he was dismissed by right nevertheless he promised
that if Sr. Rich, or any others concerned did hereafter
pay he will. 2s. 6d.
Against Hugh Diconson, Esq., 6s., and William
Osbaldston, 135. 6d. for the same. On the which day
Mr Dicconson the same as Mr Farrington 2s. 6d. Also
88 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Mr Osbaldeston the same who appeared by James
Scott of Wigan, 2s. 6d.
Against Wm. Banks 2d. and Robert Catherall 6d.
for the same.
Against Richard Pollard schoolmaster for non ap
pearance. [Later.] Licenced.
Against Christopher West for a Quaker.
Against Barnard Dawson and Alice his wife for
being unlawfully married but by whom is not knowne.
23 Aug. 1672. Dawson appeared before Mr Clayton,
Surrogate, and offered to prove that they were marryed
by one Mr Harrop, who said he was a minister in his
house in Ribchester Parish above 2 years agoe. And
submitted, etc., to do penance before the vicar &
wardens of said Parish Church.
Against Edw. Starkey of Padiham for not paying
his Church dues, I5d.
Against Ric. Walmesley, gent. Ric. Grimshaw, gent.
Catherine wife of Robt. Wade, Papists.
Against Edw. Rogerson & Mary his wife. Popish
Against Robt. Squire, gent. John Cunliffe & Isabella
his wife, James Browne, junr., Will. Mercer of Tan-
house & Ralph Hall, junr. Papists.
Against Will. Shawe & Mary his wife & Tho. Tarlton
junr., Popish Recusants.
Against Tho. Walton, gent. Will. Osbaldston, John
Woodcocke, senior & junior, John Jackson, Thomas
THE WITNESSING FACTS 89
Shawe, Leo. Walmesley, Thomas Aynscough & Grace
Thorpe, spinster, for Popish Recusants.
Against Edw. Sherburne, Catherine Sherburne, wid.
John Radcliffe & his wife [and others] Papists.
1680 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN
Against Ellen wife of William Frankland, Mary
wife of Roger Kitching & Mary Rogerson, wid.
Against John Fish and Margaret his wife, Ric.
Cowborne and Ellen his wife, Charles Leigh, Ellen
Leigh, spinster, Joan Barrowe, spinster, Anne Patefeild,
wid. and Margt. Dugdale, wid. Quakers.
Nothing but what was formerly.
Pendle \ NlL
Against James Ratcliffe and Alice Ratcliffe,
Quakers, for not paying their Church lays for repaire
of the bells and other affaires of the Church.
Against Will. Sherocke, James Sudell and Ellen
Turner wid., Papists, and Christopher Duckworth,
Quaker, and for not paying his Ch. lay.
ii May 1681, the said Turner dismissed.
90 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Altham 6- Accrington.
Against Mrs Mary Walmsley, wid. Mr Ric. Grim-
shaw & his wife, Mr Will. Money, Mr Will. Norcrosse,
Alex. Browne & his wife & Geo. Beesley, Popish
Against Joseph Birtwisle & Will. Yates of Hun-
coate, Nich. Hordas of Church, Ralph Rushton, senior
& Elizth. his wife, Ralph Rishton, junr. Elizth. &
Jennet Rishton, Suzanne Rishton, Lucy Rishton,
Against John Peacock, Margt. wife of Will. Kindle,
Jennet wife of Andrew Wilkinson, Mary wife of Cuthbert
Woodcock, Geo. Beasley & Jane his wife, James
Monke & Jane his wife all of Rishton. Popish Recusants.
Against Will. Marcer of Tanrowe, Alex Baron &
Anne his wife & Anne his daughter & Anne Mollington,
all of Rushton, Popish Recusants.
Against Hen. Cooke, Hen. Ramsbothom, John
Cowpe, Hen. Hargreaves and Anne his wife, Abrah.
Fish and Alice his wife, George Haworth and Ellen
his wife, Anne Dobson, Hen. Birtwistle and Anne
his wife [blank] Robinson, wid. John Haworth,
John Grime, and Anne his wife, Ric. Feelden and
Anne his wife, Ellis Scolefield and Alice his wife,
Against Matthew Houlgate a Quaker.
Tho. Tarlton, junr. Popish Recusant.
Against Mr Joshua Nuttall, Tho. Mills & others,
churchwardens for that two bells are bur .
THE WITNESSING FACTS 91
Against Robert Valiant & Anne Haworth, Popish
Against Christopher West, Schismatic.
Against Tho. Olstan & Margt. his wife, John Olst an,
Grace Parkinson, Mary Wilson, Mary Heaton & Mary
Hidgin, Popish Recusants.
Against Timothy Harrison & Theodosia his wife,
Thomas Birtwisle, Tho. Story & Anne his wife,
Jennet Fraine wid., Christr. Fraine & Will Fraine,
Against Laurence Roberts a Quaker, Mr Hargreaves
appeared and submitted & sought letters of absolution,
whereby the judge (dns) decreed, etc., and to certify
of conformity, etc.
[Presentments for deaneries of Amounderness &
1665 DEANERY OF WARRINGTON
Against Tho. Penington and family, Ric. Billinge,
Will. Chaddocke, Ric. Leigh, Nich. Taylor & Ellenor
Crosse, wid., Thomas Mullineux, Alex. Leigh, Will.
Prescott, James Whalley (mort), James Fairhurst,
Alex. Naylor, Geo. Barton, & his wife, & children, for
Against John Barton schoolmr. for non-appearance.
Against Ellen Gorsage wid. Margt. Gorsage, Spinster,
Margt. wife of John Rydyard & Jane Bradshawe all
in Newton, papists, recusants.
Against Tho. Culcheth of Culcheth Esq., & Anne
his wife, Edward Holland, Ann Royle, wid., Thos.
92 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Unsworth & Margt. his wife, Ralph Anderson & Mary
his wife, John Masser & Isabella his wife, Catherine
Higginson wid. Anne Guest wid., Ric. Speakman &
Jane his wife, Hen. Lowton & Margt. his wife, Ric.
Unsworth & Catherine his wife, all of Culcheth,
Against Edwd. Burtchell & Margt. his wife, Christr.
Guest & Cath. his wife, and their children of Culcheth,
Against Jane Bate, wid., James Bate, husbn. Alice
Bate, spinster, Robt. Speakman, and Margt. his wife,
Robt. Guest & Elizth. his wife, Robt. Unsworth &
Cath. his wife, all of Culcheth, recusants.
Against Hen. Oxford & Anne his wife, Will Cooke,
Ellen Barker, Alice Thelwall & Anne & Jane her
daughters, & Hen. Taylor, all of Winwick & Hulme,
Against Thurstan Arrowsmith & his wife, Ralph Kea,
Will. Arrowsmith, Ric. Booth, labourer, Ric. Kerfutt
& his wife, all of Croft, recusants.
Against Ric. Liptrott & his wife & children, Thos.
Keighley, Peter Keighley, Ralph Thompson, & his
wife, John Peterson & his son & daughters [blank]
Raphson, wid. John Grimshawe & his wife, Ralph
Croft & his wife, Alice Bate, spinster, John Thomasson
& his wife, Hugh Wright, Geo. Croft & his wife Ralph
Croft & his wife, Elizth. Bate, spinster, all of Golborne,
Against Elizth. Corlesse of Haydocke, wid. recusant.
Against John Kay & his wife [blank] Corlesse, wid.,
John Unsworth & his wife, Hen. Unsworth & his wife,
George Twisse & his wife & son, all of Lowton,
Against Hen. Johnson & his wife, Peter Holcroft &
his sister, Gilbert Unsworth & his wife & son, Robert
Tickle & his wife & son & Robt. Kenyon of Lowton,
Against [blank] Richardson, wid., John Richardson,
THE WITNESSING FACTS 93
James Richardson, Ellen Perpoint, spinster, Hen.
Richardson his wife, Matthew Richardson, Rog.
Twisse & his wife, Hen. Hardman & his wife, all of
Against Sir Will. Gerrard, Knt., Will Gerrard, Esq. &
his wife & Cuthbert Clifton, all of Garswood, recusants.
Against Nich. Reynolds, gent. Edward Unsworth
& his wife, Ric. Ashton & his wife, James Lowe & his
wife, Alice Unsworth, wid., Hen. Chaddocke, Robt.
Mosse & his wife & John Chaddocke of Garswood,
Against Robt. Slynhead & his wife, Humph. Naylor
& his wife, Tho. Workington, gent. & his wife &
Christr. Bate of Ashton, recusants.
Against Catherine Bibby, wid. of Ashton, for not
coming to Church.
Against Hen. Richardson & his wife, Ric. Twisse
& his wife, Hugh Orrell, James Thomason & his wife,
Elizth. Potter, wid., Thos. Jameson & his wife, Anne
Sixsmith, spinster, Will. Knowles, miller, the wife of
James Winstanley of Ashton, recusants.
Against Hen. Knowles & his wife, Anne Gerrard,
spinster & Walter Harris & his wife of Ashton, recusants.
Against Tho. Harrison, John Rosbothom & his wife,
of Ashton, recusants.
Against Margaret Taylor, wid., Oliver Potter, shoe
maker, & his wife of Ashton, recusants.
Against Tho. Winstanley & Ellen Ashton of Ashton,
Against Anne Ashton, spinster, Ellen Piercy, wid.,
George Massey & his mother of Ashton, recusants.
Against John Gerrard & Richd. Molineux, school
master. R. Molineux produced his lie. and is dismissed.
Against Nich. Mather & his wife, Margt. w. of Rog.
Culcheth, Ralph Leigh & his wife, Hugh Platt & his
wife, Mary Ashton, Alex. Leigh & his wife, Edmd.
94 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Fairehurst, Alex. Naylor, James Whalley, Ric. Haslome,
Tho. Roberts, Tho. Naylor, James Faireclough,
Elizth. Martincroft, Anne Mason, Ric. Rylands & his
wife, Margt. Holme, Edwd. Winstanley, Ralph Scott
& his wife, & Cuthbert Scott & his wife, for refusing
Communion with the Church of England.
Against Tho. Butler, Ellen his wife, Tho. Irlande,
Robert Frances, Robert Ford, John Ince, Philip
Langton, Miles Gerrard & his wife, Jane wife of Henry
Southworth, Edward Strickland, Alice Strickland,
George Mather, Ellen Fazakerley wid. James
Fazakerley & his wife, Margt. Fazakerley, Mary
Heskitt, Elizth. Anderton, Hen. Gerrard, Humph.
Atherton, Ellen Nightingale, Ric. Rylands & his wife,
James Orrell & his wife, James Anderton, Alex. Leigh
& his wife, Jane wife of Robt. Holland, Oliver Crosse,
Hugh Crosse, Will. Tipping, Oliver Tipping, Will
Finch, Ric. Holland & Anne his wife, Mary Holland,
Elizth. the wife of Tho. Crosse [and others] Papist
Nothing presented this year, save what is also
presented in 1670.
They presented with Wigan.
Presented with Wigan.
Against John Bould of Wigan, gent., for a common
swearer, 10 Dec. 1670. Compt. per Magram Bridgeman
THE WITNESSING FACTS 95
rex dui decani Cestr. ac. absolutus est et hab. ad.
certified de eius reformacoe in px. 2s. 6d.
Against John Norman of Winwicke for saying that
the Church of England is not a true Church and that
the worship therein is odious to God and hatefull to
Henry Kenion, John Bate of Croft Heath, John
Gleave, Oliver Taylor of Holcroft hall [and others]
presented for entertaining dangerous and [torn]
numerous unlawfull Assemblies and Conventicles in
4 Oct. 1669. Certify that they have nothing to
Against Ric. Leigh, Thomas Pinnington, Catherine
w. of Thomas Hey of Hallgreen, John Molineux,
Nich. Taylor, Alex. Barker of Dalton, Oliver Crosse,
Will. Topping of the same, & Oliver Topping of the
same for Recusants & not coming to Church.
Against Margt. Cowley for delving in a garden upon
the Saboth day.
Against Sir Rog. Bradshawe [blank] Leigh of Lyme,
Esq. & [blank] Gerrard, for that the severall Chancells
belonging to them are in decay.
Against Hen. Shuttleworth & Eliza his wife, Margt.
wife of Gilbert Leigh, Will. Farnworth, Alice Forde,
Robert Frame, Edward Rigbye & Rebecca his wife,
Ellen wife of Tho. Ireland, Margaret Rylands, wid.
Anne Ashawe, Rog. Culcheth & his wife, James
Fazakerley & his wife, Henry Gerrard, gent. & Margt.
his wife, Abraham Langton, gent. & his wife, Philip
96 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Langton, gent. & his wife, John Rylands, James
Orrell & his wife, Thos. Glasebrooke & Alice his wife,
John Billinge, Miles Gerrard & his wife [and others]
for Recusants & absentees from Church.
Against Ralph Pemberton, Alice Pemberton, Peter
Bradley and his wife, Margt. Bore, James Gregory and
his wife, Geo. Bradshawe and his wife and Hen. Wm-
stanley for Quakers.
Against Sir Will. Gerrard, Knt. Will. Gerrard, Esq.,
Tho. Worthington, Tho. Harrison, Tho. Winstanley,
Oliver Potter, Ellen Ashton, Hen. Harrison, Margt.
Taylor, Ric. Gerrard, Esq. & Tho. Culcheth, Esq.,
for Popish Recusants.
Against John Norman, Henry Kenion, James Lowe,
Edmund Winstanley, Robt. Rosbothom, Ellen Lowe,
\vid., John Robinson, Tho. Cowper, Alice Morris, wid.,
Geo. Clayton, & his wife and Thomas Winterbothom
and his wife for Conventiclers and disaffected to the
Church of England.
Against James Bate of Croft Eyves, John Bate,
James Pilling, Richd. BirchaU and James Bate of
Croftheath for the same.
Against Geoffrey Flitcroft for a Quaker.
Against Tho. Leigh, Esq. & Tho. Aldersey, Esq.,
exors of the will of Sir Amos Meridith, deed., who
was exor of the will of Gertrude Hall, relict & exix. of
the will of Geo. Hall, late Bp. of Chester & last rect
& inct. of this church for that the flore of the Chancell
is broken & out of order.
Against Edwd. Rigby & Rebecca his wife, Ellen
wife of Thomas Ireland, Margt. Rylands, James
Anderton, Esq. & his wife, Ric. Rylands & his wife,
Ellen Atherton, Humph. Atherton & his wife, Tho.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 97
Glasebrooke & his wife, Alice Molyneux, wid., Roger
Culcheth & Margt. his wife, Jane Talbot, wid. Tho.
Pennington & his wife [and others] Popish Recusants.
Against James Gregory and Alice his wife, Mary
Bradley, Hen. Winstanley, and Geo. Bradshaw,
Against Will. Vaux, schoolmaster at Haigh for not
showing his licence.
Against Geoffrey Flitcroft of Culcheth for a Quaker.
Against James Bate & Tho. Bate of Culcheth,
l68o WARRINGTON DEANERY
l68o LEYLAND DEANERY
Against Mr John Tootell, Joseph Nicholas & Alice
his wife. Papists.
Against Margt. Stafford, Winifurt Tunstall, Margt.
Barton, Margt. Taylor & Nicholas Wainwright, Popish
Against Alice Spencer, wid., Lambert Coward, mort.
98 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Alice wife of James Livesley & Jane wife of Thomas
Against Jane Whalell, wid., of Langtree, WiU.
Hoghton, Esq., Ellen Hoghton, wid. & Cicely Hoghton
[& 12 others] of Charnocke Richard, Papists.
1680 DEANERY OF WARRINGTON
15 17 May.
Against Will. Melling of Holland, Henry Hurst and
Alex. Hatton of Orrell for Christening their children
contrary to ye Canons of ye Church of England.
19 Oct. Melling appeared and made oath that in the
time of Mr Brown the late minister s weakness, he
being unable to doe & none else being there to christen
it, he got it baptized by Mr Bradshawe l of Rainford
(whom he belives to be a lawfull minister) who did
it with water in the name of the father, of the sonn,
and of the holy ghost. And that his said childe is
since dead. He submitted and promised reforma
tion, wherefore he is dismissed, 2s. 6d.
Against Mrs Mary Ashton, Mr Christopher Anderton
& his wife, Will Standish, Esq. & his wife, Mr Thomas
Gerrard & his wife, Mr Tho. Ince, Mrs Margt. Ince,
Dorothy, Anne, Ellen & Elizth. Ince, Philip Langton,
Esq., Cuthbert Rylands & his wife [and others],
Against Sir WiU. Gerard, Knt. WiU. Gerard, Esq.
Thomas Hesketh & his wife [and others] Popish Recu
Against Thomas HoUand and his wife, Anabaptists.
1 Tames Bradshaw was ejected from Hindley. He subsequently
became the minister of Rainford Chapel. He died in 1702 through
an accident to his leg, which befell him when riding to a distant preaching
THE WITNESSING FACTS 99
Against Cuthbert Gerard, gent. Will. Gerard, Esq.
and his wife [and others] for absenting from Church.
1669 DEANERY OF MANCHESTER
Returns since August 2ist.
Nonconformists preach every Lord s day at the
Chapels of Denton, Gorton, and Birch and have great
numbers of hearers.
On Sunday ist Aug. the steeple doore at Eden-
feild Chappell was broken, and the Chappell doores
opened, and one Rootes, 1 junr. was found preaching
there to a great number of people, the Chappell warden
desired to see his orders, but being denyed he would
have made up the Chappell doores to have hindered
his preaching in the afternoone, but hee was oposed by
On Sunday 25 July a great number of Quakers met
at John Ashton s house in Bury where for a long
time they have had their meetings monthly.
There are severall other meetings and Conventicles
constantly kept at private houses of Independants,
presbiterians, dippers and such like joyntly of the
best ranke, of the yeomanry and of other inferiours.
Nothing is presd.
Severall Conventicles or unlawful assemblies at the
houses of James Pilkinton, John Hopewood and others.
The last of these meetings was on the I2th April
1 Timothy Rootc, son of Henry Rootc. He was ejected from Sowerby
Bridge in Yorkshire. He was born at Gorton, near Manchester, and
frequently visited Lancashire to preach, suffering considerably in
ioo QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
It is commonly reported that at Cockey Chappell
there have been of late times diverse unconformable
ministers who frequently have preached there.
Meetings of Quakers to the number of 20 or 30 at
the houses of Isaacke Wild and Susan Boydall.
There is an open and constant meeting at Shaw
Chappell of Nonconformists who resort thither in
considerable numbers and have forced the Chappell
doores open when by order of the Rector and Church
wardens of Prestwich they were locked up and they
continue still to preach there. And being prevented
one Lord s day in June last by the Curate of Oldham
after evening service they assembled themselves in
Royton Hall and there held -a Conventicle.
There are n hamlets in this Parish and for several
years last past in every hamlet there have been weekly
two, three or more meetings to the number of 30 or
40 and sometimes two or three nonconformist ministers
at one of their meetings.
There was a Conventicle at Horridge Chappell for
which the Ringleaders are prosecuted against.
There hath been ordinarily every week or fortnight
at furthest a conventicle within the parish consisting
of such persons as usually go to Shaw Chappell where
they hear some nonconformist and bring him home
Todmorden Chapel. \
Butterworth. - Nothing presented.
There was a Conventicle of about 9 of the Pres-
biterian perswasion at the house of Giles Shaw, and
THE WITNESSING FACTS 101
another of 7 at James Haslegreaves house for their
ranke husbandmen or Clothmakers.
Some persons out of this Chappelry doe resort to
Birch Chappell, where (as its inform d) certaine non
conformists doe preach every Lds. Day.
Also several inhabitants of Chorlton Chapelry and
Stretford resort to the Conventicle at Birch Chapel.
[ Nothing presented.
10 June 1671.
Blackrod par. Bolton.
Against Geo. Jannion & Elizth. his wife, Will Norres
& Juliana his wife, John Cowpland & Ellen his wife
[and others] Papists.
Against Thomas Sale for a Quaker.
Against John Hulton Adam Hulton, Mary Green,
Elizabeth Pendlebury, Elizth. Chetham, Ellen Parr,
Anne Rigby, Ellenor Hurst, Nich. Cunliffe & his wife,
all in Westhoughton.
Against Isabella Seddon, Frances Seddon, Ann
Seddon, John Crooke, Tho. Marsh & his wife all in
Against Will. Anderton, Reginald Seddon & his
wife & Elizabeth Dalton, all in Horrich, Papists.
102 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Against Will Grundy, Humph. Trafford, Adam
Grundy Robt. Hey, gent. Penelope his wife, Ric.
Atherton, James Atherton, John Atherton, Elizth.
Urmston [& others] Papists.
Against Will Grundy & Adam Grundy, Papists.
Against Sir Cecil Trafford, Knt., Edmd. Trafford Esq.,
Thomas Barlowe Esq., Ric. Pennington Esq., & his
wife [& others] Popish Recusants.
Against John Ogden, schoolmaster, for non-appear
ance. He appd. & was warned to obtain lie. 2s. 6d.
24 Nov., 1671. Produced his lie. dated 23 Nov.
Against John Royle, schoolmaster, for non-appear
ance. He appd. & was warned to obtain lie. 2s. 6d.
1699 DEANERY OF BLACKBURN
Newchurch in Pendle.
Against Hen. Sagar, Will. Sagar, and Ellen his wife,
John Baldwyn and Bridget his wife, and Jonah
DEANERY OF LEYLAND
[Nothing of interest.]
DEANERY OF WARRINGTON
[Nothing of interest.]
[No presentments for the other Lanes. Deaneries.]
THE WITNESSING FACTS 103
5. RECORDS OF THE QUARTER SESSIONS
THESE MSS. are in the Sessions House, Preston. They
were arranged and indexed a few years ago by Dr Veitch
of Liverpool University, and are most valuable because
of the light which they throw upon the state of Non
conformity during the period with which they are con
cerned. What follows must not in any way be regarded
(i) SESSIONS ORDER BOOKS
Whereas Henry ffoster of Ormskirk, Thos. Crosby
of the same, George Nye of Lideate, John Underwood
of the same, Roger Litherbarrowe of the same, Richard
Johnson of Lunt, John Wetherly of the same, Peter
Westhead of Aughton, John Smalshawe of Great
Crosbie, Jeremie Lyon of Raineforth, John Bispham
of the same, Isack Ashton of Skelmsden, Henry
Markland of Windle, Peter Leadbeater of Biccurstaffe
and Godfrey Atherton of the same were all of them
apprehended within Biccurstafe for there unlawfull
meetings & were comitted at the last Sessions of peace
here holden in Jany last and that William Turner
gente undersheriffe of the County despended the some
of ten pounds in conveying of them to the said Goale
yt is therefore ordered by the Court that the Constables
of the aforesaid townes of Ormskerk, Lideate, Lunt,
Aughton, Great Crosby, Raineforth, Skelmsdall,
Windle & Bicurstaffe shall sevally furthwith having a
Copie hereof delivred to them Collect levy and gather
of the goods of the above menconed psons residing
within these townes the some of twelve shillings &
six pence a piece and for want of such goods of any
of the said psons then the said Constables of Biccurstaffe
are to levy the same upon the said Inhabitants of
Biccurstaffe where they were apphended and make
undelayed paymt thereof unto the said Undersheriffe
And it is further ordered that the psent high Constable
104 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
shall sign receipt hereof and send forth Copies hereof
to the sevall pettie Constables above menconed without
delay. And yt the pettie Constables refuse pform-
ance of this order then upon complaint made to any
1661. qua. Cho. Benson of Ulverston, John Holme
of same, James Chambers, Gleaston, Thomas Wilson
of Dalton refused in open Court to take the oath of
obedience being the first tyme. Committed untill
Robte Widder of over Kellet, Robte drinkea of
Side garth, Edm. Comeing of Mosse Side, Tho.
Drothwaite of Capernwrea William Stilton of same,
Thos. Beckbeane and John Beckbane of Gunerthwaite
James Lancaster of Northscale, Thos. Hutton of
Rampside, Tho. Goad of Berkbury & Robert Briggs
of Holm mere haveing the oath of obedience tendrede
in open Court and refuse all of them to take the same.
7 October, 1684.
Reed, then by me Jonathan Seed (Undr Sherrife of
Lancashire) from Sr. Robert Bindlos, Barrt. one of
his Majtis Justices of the peace by the hands of Roger
Moore Esq., another of his Majtis Justices of the peace
the sume of nine pounds ten shillings being the Kings
third parte of the sume of xxviiili. xs. imposed upon
William Huggonson & others for a Conventicle held at
the house of Robert Wither in ovr Kellet the xxxist of
August last. I say reed, nine pounds & ten shillings.
Reed, then from Roger Kirkby & William Kirkby,
Esq., two of his Majtis Justices of ye Peace by ye
hands of Mr George Taylor one of the High Constables
of Lonsdale Hundred in the County above written the
sume of Vijli Viijs Vijd being the King s third pte of
the sume of XXijli Vs Xid being in pte of sevall fines
THE WITNESSING FACTS 105
imposed upon George Braithwate & others for being
at 3 sevall Conventicles one at the house of George
Satterthwat, the second of December last and the
other two at the house of Margaret fell, widow, the
i8th. of November & the 30th. of December last.
I say reed.
14. Oct. 1684.
Reed then from Sr. Richard Atherton Knt. one of
his Majtis Justices of the peace the sume of six pounds
& thirteene shillings & foure pence being the King s
third parte of a fine imposed upon Charles Holland of
Hawkley yeoman for preaching or teaching in a Con
venticle held at the house of Thomas Holland of
Southworth the Vij day of September last.
Sub. vie. Com. Lane.
Jan. 15, 1685-6.
Reed. In the open Sessions at Preston the sume of
five pounds sixtiene shillings and six pence being the
King s third part of seventiene pounds nyne shillings
and six pence levyed in pte of moneys forfeited upon
a Conviccon of a Conventicle agt Townson Will.
Tomlinson and othrs at Rawcliffe and elsewhere
within the County of Lancr. menconed in a Record
thereof made and certifyed under the hand & seale of
Ralph Longworth Esq. one of his Majtis Justices of
p. Robt. pigot sub. vie.
Xiiij July 1686.
Reed then in ye open Sessions at Lancr. the sume of
fower pounds ten shillings ten pence halfe penny being
the King s third parte of moneys forfeited by & levyed
of Geo. Braithwaite & othrs for an unlawful Con-
io6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
venticle held at ye house of Geo. Satterthwaite of
Skinnerhow in ye parish of Hawkshead ye seacond of
December 1685 according to a Record thereof made
the seaventh of December 1685 by Roger Kirkby &
Wm. Kirkby Esqrs two of his Majtis Justices of ye
peace & a memorial this day brt into Court the sume
of one pound eleven shillings two pence halfe peny
being the King s third parte for Moneys levyd & reed
of offendrs at two unlawful Conventicles, the one
Conventicle at ye house of Edward Robinson, the
Seacond of September 1685, according to a record
thereof made the ninth of October 1685 by ye sd.
Roger Kirkby & Wm Kirkby Esqrs And the other
Conventicle at ye house of Mrs Margt Fell, 1 wid. at
Swarthmore upon the twenty first of September 1684,
according to a Record thereof made ye sd ninth day
of October 1684 by ye said Wm. Kirkby Esq. whereof
a memorial was also now delivered into Court
Thos. Winckley Sub. vie.
To they Justices in Comission for ye peace of this
County and now in this towne of Lane, or to any others
whom this may concerne to read & mynde wth ye
Spirit of meeknes
That wee they Subscribers wth others our fellow
prisoners were by order from some of you (or yor
1 It is curious that Margaret Fells s marriage with George Fox never
seems to have been properly recognised in these northern parts. In
these documents she is repeatedly referred to as Margaret Fell and
even called a " widow." She protests strongly against the injustice
done to her by this, and it is not quite clear why her second marriage
was not recognised. The position in relation to Quaker marriages was
somewhat obscure ; and it may be that the little time that Fox was
able to live with her at Swarthmore because of his mission contributed
THE WITNESSING FACTS 107
fellow Justices of ye peace) apprehended & sent to
prison where we have Innocently and patiently Suffered
bonds for ye space of 14 weekes (& some more) this
Winter Season, although nothing can Justly bee laid
to our Charge as matter of fact Deserveing such an
Imprisonment both to the prejudice of our health,
ye mine of our Estates and ye expence of our tyme
in a separation from our wives, Children & families &
from our labour in our Lawfull Callings in ye Creation,
whereby wee might be in a capacity to help others
& not be burthensome to any, being (as you well know)
husbandmen & tradesmen upon whose Diligence &
Dayly labour ye Subsistance of our families as to ye
outward Consists, the neglect whereof may in all
likelyhood Impoverish them & us ; & so bring an
Unnecessary Charge & burthen upon others, wch if
it should bee incurred upon this accounte & by this
Imprisonmt could not be laid to ye Charge of the
oppressed, whose sufferings is but upon Suspition &
not for any actuale transgression but only for Con
science sake, and not for any wrong Injurie or offence,
either Intended or Acted agt any pson or power ap-
poynted of God for the punishmt of Evill Doers &
for the praise of them yt doe well for unto such our
Soules are Subject for Conscience Sake, & wee Desire
nothing from you but yt wee may live quietly &
peaceably in our owne houses, Eate our own bread
& follow our owne Callings in the feare of god, for the
good of all ; & to mete together to serve & worpp our
God according as hee requireth of us. And if you
will not Grant theise things unto us, then shall wee
lye downe in the peace of our God & patiently Suffer
under you, as we have done under all powers whom
ye lord God by his owne power hath overturned (&
Remember you are in his hand) & if you trouble &
afflict us for soe Doing then will the Lord our God
trouble & afflict you (mynd yt) they are ye words of
truth to you 2 Thess. i. 6. 7. Now you knowing yt
io8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
our Comittmt was only upon Suspition & nothing can
Justly bee laid to our Charge worthy of these our
bonds, we therefore put you in mynde hereby to
consider of our present condition & Compare it with
ye cause & Do unto us as you would bee Dealt with
in Case of Conscience ; and as you are ministers of
ye law Looke into ye pfect law of liberty (wch saith)
whatsoever you would yt men should Doe unto you
&c. (Undoe ye heavie burdens & lett ye oppressed
Goe free) for ye lord require it of you to Do justly &
to love Mercy & wee Doe Expect from you Justice
Equity our right & priviledge to labour in our
lawfull callings yt as becometh Saints wee may serve
our God & as Subjects wee may serve our King &
Countrie in all just requireings & this wee leave to
yor Consideration expecting to receive some Answere
from you tending to ye enlargmt of us who are prisoners
Subscribed in ye behalfe
of our Selves & ye
rest of our fellow
Lancr. Castle prisoners who are
the I4th of ye in number above 50
nth moth who suffers upon
1661 this accounte
Chr. Bessbrowne Robt. Pennington
Robert Widder William Baynes
Thomas Atkinson Thomas Hodgson
Wee whose names are Subscribed being peaceably
mett together in the feare of the Lord upon ye i8th
day of the nth month called January 1661 within
the Towne of Biccurstath were not suffered to Stay
peaceably together but were haled out by Souldiers
and taken prisonrs to Ormskcrkc. And from thence
THE WITNESSING FACTS 109
to Weegan Sessions where wee were brought before
you upon the 20th of the sayd moneth and there by
you were Comitted to the Sheriffe s Custody to be
sent to the Gaole at Lancr. only because wee could
not Sweare for Conscience Sake and Soe according
to yor Ordr wee were sent to the sayd Gaole and there
detayned untill the Assizes Att wch tyme (no man
having any thing to lay to our Charge) the Judge Sett
us at liberty. Since which tyme The Sheriffe (having
informed you of some moneys by him desburst in
Sending us to prison) hath obtayned yor Ordr for the
Collecting of the Summe of ten pounds upon our goods
for his charges and accordingly by vertue of yor ordr
Warrants are sent forth by the high Constable for the
Speedy leavyinge of the same And thereupon Sevall
Constables have distreyned and some have taken
the vallue of fower pounds & three pounds at a house.
Now wee being Sensible of the uniustness of these or
[our] Sufferings And that wee have not in any wyse
made breach of any iust law of this Nation but were
taken (as afforsayd) before the King s proclamation
came forth for the breaking of or meetings And also
the King having given ordr for the releasing of us
without any fees or othr dutyes whatsoever And
Knowing it to bee yor place and in yor power to Ad
minister Justice betwixt man & man being Sworne
thereunto without partiallity. It was in or hearts
to lay these things before you That soe you may
take these or innocent Sufferings into yor Serious
Considracon and may not bring iudgmt upon yor
owne heads by afflicting and making a prey upon the
innocent who have no helper in the earth. And
wee know yt if yu Grant or requests & relieve us
herin yu shall have peace & comfort in it from ye
And if the Sheriffe may lawfully have Charges wee
desire that hee would make it manifest what his
Charges was ffor we iudge it was but about 325 which
no QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
he desburst hyring eight men to goe wth us to Lancr
which wee went in two dayes
Isaac Ashton Henry ffauster
Godfrey Atharton Thos. Crosbie
Peeter Leadbeater Rich. Johnson 1
in behalfe of the
ffor ye Justices att ye
Sessions at Weegan
these. D. D.
Quakers taken at Lancaster
John Borley of Lancaster
In the Robert Deys of Lancaster
Court John Walker of Morside
& Thomas Hinde of Littledale
deny d. William Hanes of Wersdale
Henery Townson of Wirsdale
Quakers sent by Coronell Kerby
the 2ist of September 1661.
Thomas Atkinson of Cartmell
Thomas Barrow of Cartmell
Richard fell of Cartmell
John fell of Cartmell
Richard Simpson the same
Lawrence Nowton the same
Philipe Brathwaite the same.
William Peill the same
Robert Pennington of Saterthwat
William Saterthwat of Cowless (?)
George Benson of Stangend
Thomas Docker of Clophell
Michael Wilson of Langdale in Westmorland
1 Richard Johnson was born at Lunt about 1630, and later lived at
Ormskirk. In the exercise of his ministry he travelled both in England
THE WITNESSING FACTS in
Quakers taken and delivered
by the Constable of Yelland
the 8th of October 1661.
Robert Wither of Kellett
Robert Hubersam of Yelland
Thomas Chorley of Carnforth
Chrestopher Besbrowne of Arnside
John Boakbarne of Gunnerthwte
James Hutton of Warton
Thomas Leaper of Caponbarrow
Thomas Dauther of the same
John Basbrowne of Arnside
All were demaunded to take the oath & refused &
Comitted to next Sesss.
Names of ye Quakers taken in Bickerstaffe
Henry ffoster Ormske
George Pie Lidiate
Richard Johnson Lunt
Peter Westhead Augton
Peter Leadbetter Bickerstaffe
John Smalshawe Great Crosbie
John Underwood Lidiate
Jeremie Lyon Penforth
John Ashton Liverpoole
Roger Litherbarrowe Lidiate
Godfrey Atherton fitz Oliver
Isacke Ashton Celemsdill
Thomas Crosbye Orke
John Bispham Penforth
John Wither Sonske
Henry Markland Windle
Humphrey Sephton ) .
Edmd. Sephton } m Rainford Division (?)
Maddocker at Chester
Thomas Atherton fitz minor Olvr
[The names of some of the places in this document are
H2 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
The Constables of Over Celot doe present Robert
Widder and his wife Jane his son Thomas Widder l and
Margaret Hadwen, Sibell Beckben, Margret Leeches,
Thomas Leaper and his wife Margret and his daughter
Easter Leaper Robert Stout and his wife Eyllis, Thomas
Come and his wife, Elizabeth, John Douthat and his
wife Jannet, Robert Widder the son of Robert Widder,
they come not to the Church not within this six week
to hear the book of Comon prear red
Presentmts made by the Constables of Cockerham
Tho. Brerley j Vacabonds wipt and
George Spencer I flockt by the said Constables
Alice Causer f Root Greenall
Ellen Simpson j Robt Deyes
John ffowler and
Ellen his wife &
for not heareing
for a Month.
I present ffor not Cominge to the Morning prayer
Mr. Roger Sorawe 2
hugh Towers of meanfeld for the like
henery Jackson of Couthwhat nooke for the like
Joseph Towers for the like
Joseph Railing, Cholmaster for the like
Theis being presented to the Comisery before for the
1 Thomas Widders was the son of Robert Widders. He lived at
Yealand, and along with several others in 1678 he wrote a testimony
against the payment of " Tythe and Steeplehouse Lays."
Roger Sawrey, vide p. 20, note x.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 113
A true presentment of the quakers of Aldingham
Thomas Curwen Thomas Goad
Richard Ashburner Thomas ffell
Thomas borwicke Richard myres
Richard ffell Richard park
Wilyam Hampson James Chambers
Richard Eldaton (?) John Chambers
[The writing in this document is extremely bad.]
Within Leese Towneship
Wee present John Gooade 1 for not cominge to ye Church
A note of the Quakers in Ulverston
John Taylor Thomas Benson
Edward Cowper John Holme
William Holme Robert Briggs
Thos. Wilson Robt. Salthouse 2
William Salthouse 2
Given by us
The names of the quakers within the Constablewick of
George Satterthtt. Chrestopher Rigg
James Braithwt. Constable.
1 The Goads were one of the oldest Furness families. John Goad,
possibly the one here mentioned, was born in 1626. A person of that
name who belonged to Gleaston died in 1709.
* Representatives of another old Furness family. Three brothers
are mentioned, Robert, William, and Thomas. Robert is said to have
paid many visits to Ireland and the Isle of Man in the interests of his
ii4 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
The names of quakers within Const able wicke of
Nicholas Birket William Tyson
George ffell Constable.
Constable of Kerbie,
in Kerbie, John Postellwhaite
psentmts by the Constables of Cartmell vizt such as
come not to Church otherwise caled quakers.
Thomas Atkinson Michael Peell
Lawrence Newton John Barrow, de ayside
Thomas Barrow Richard ffell
Tho. Atkinson Richard Britton
James Taylor John Barrow, Mosse side
Chrestopher ffell John ffell
I Tho. Askew
Presentmts by the Constables of Satterthwaite and
Coulton of all such as come not to Church.
Robert Pennington James Rigg
John Braithwaite George Braithwaite
Will Crane George Braithwaite
Edw. Satterthwaite George Holme
Edw. Rigg George Braithwaite
Will Satterthwaite James ffell
James Knipe } Constablcs .
John Stamton J
THE WITNESSING FACTS 115
To the Justices of the peace met together in Sessions
peace be unto you
The humble relation of Thomas Davenporte & James
Brown prisoners in the Castle of Lancaster
Wee having friends who were prisoners in this place,
were moved in love to Com from our owne houses (in
Cheshire) to visit them & Espetially one who was Sick
for a long time who is now dead and buryed & after
wee had Scene them here went farther to Swarthmore
to see other of our friends alsoe & lodging there alnighte
there being a meeting the other day, a Justis of the
peace Came in & wee being strangers were Comited
into the hands of the Constables of Ulverston the i8th
of the loth month called December & by them kept nere
three dayes & after wee were sent to prison.
Now so it was that at the Last Quartercestions wee
were Called & because wee Cold not for Conscience
Sake Sweare were Comitted the Second time to the
Assizes & then wee laid our Conditions (as it is here
mentioned) before Judge Twisden, who then said it
was Concluded that wee most be Continued till the
next Sessions & now wee lay the same before you, wee
having Continued prissoners these 17 weeks. I
Thomas Davenporte being an old man having beene
Sicke & weake for a great part of this time, having an
old weake woman to my wife some years Elder then
myselfe & a daughter who hath had the Convultion
fitts more then 12 yeares & for severall weeks in the
yeare quite louseth her understanding & at the best
hath very little, the tenemt I have under the Lady
Kilmory being put into the hands of Trusties for 21
yeares for the paymt of my Debts & wee only live
on the rack so that tho I am an old man yet doth the
livlyhood of my familly (outwordly) depend on my
libertie James Browne a husband man, who was
a Soldyer for ye King both in Ireland & England & at
n6 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
the Namptwitch in the field was left for dead, who then
received many wonds, being now a broken man, this
was laid before the Judg & part of it was laid before
two of the Justices after the Cestions last & one of them
said why did you not tell us this before & now wee
lay this before you all, which is nothing but the very
truth & leave it to you that ye may Consider of it in
the wisdon of god, for our release (wee having beene
so long prisoners) which thing wee know will be
acceptable in the sight of god & man & yor reward
from the lord you will not lose :
ffrom us who are prisoners
in this Castle for
Consceince Sake, do wish
Grace mercye & Eternall
Salivation to yor Soules
1 These for the Justices att the Quartercestions now
siting at Lancaster, which are som of the Greevances
& aflictions & sufferings of the people called Quakers
which is Contrary to Law Equitie & Justis that is
Inflicted upon them by some of yor officers in the
Contry which is no honour to Justis nor you which our
desire is that you may doe Justis & see that Justis be
done & that you may Limit & stop such officers as acte
Contrary to Law Justis & Equitie & this will bee to
yor honour :
i. Thomas Harison of Car house neare Garstm
Market toune, had a Cow taken from him about the
beginning of ye nth month last by henry Corran
Baylive for two Wapontack rents (?) which was one
shilling the Cow was well worth two pounds fiftme
Shillings & the Churchwardens so called took a Charne
i This document appears in the Cambridge Edition of Fox s Journal
(vide p 28, note i). It is here printed as I copied it from the Sessions
Records Evidently the writer or writers retained a copy besides the
one sent to the Court of Sessions. It will be noted that there are great
differences in the spellings, but, as repeatedly pointed out in this
matter, there was no uniformity in those days.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 117
from the foresd Thomas Harison the I4th of ye second
month for one Shilling Eight pence which was worth
fower shillings and torned nothing againe, so for two
shillings Eight pence they tooke goods worth three
pounds fower pence.
2. In the i3th of ye second month William Houghton
Baylive for a fine imposed ye Cestions before this I3th
day of the second month 1664 [torn] a fine of ten
shillings they took from Thomas Benson of Ulverston
a Brass pott worth fowertine shillings & fower pewter
dishes worth [torn] shillings & retorned no overplush
which come to Eightine shillings.
3. The same time by the same Baylive for a fine of
thirtie three shillings fower pence demaunded of Robert
Walles they tooke a hef [torn] two pounds six shillings
Eight pence & retorned no overplush which came to
thirtine shillings fowerpence.
4. Att the same time by ye same Baylive for a fine
of one pounde six shillings eight pence they tooke two
heffers from Robert [torn] worth two pounds six
shillings & eight pence & retorned nothing againe being
twentie shillings more then the Baylive should have
5. The same Baylive for a fine of one pound six
shillings Eight pence for meeting together they tooke
from Thomas Crossfield [torn] elis & 3 pecks of malt, 3
new Sacks a bras morter & a Brass pott which Goods
was worth two pounds sixtine shillings & ret [torned]
nothing againe of the overplush which came to one
pound nine shillings fower pence.
6. The same Baylive for a fine of one pounde six
shillings Eight pence for meeting together hee tooke
from James Lancaster a horse [torn] three pounds six
shillings Eight pence & retorned nothing againe of the
overplush which came to two pounds.
7. The same time by ye same Baylive for a fine
of one pounde thirtine shillings fowerpence for meeting
together hee tooke a horse from Richard Clayton
n8 QUAKER MOVEMENT. IN LANCASHIRE
stood him in six pounds Eight shillings tooke his horse
out of the plow when he was plowing & so Broke his
draught & retorned him nothing againe of ye over
plus which overplus Came to fower pounds fowertine
Shillings Eight pence & sould the said horse for about
twentie one shillings & threattens to come againe for
8. The same time by the same Baylive for a fine
for meeting together three pounds six shillings Eight
pence hee tooke two Cows from Richard fell of Baycliff
worth fower pounds ten shillings which overplus
Come to one pound thirtine shillings fower pence &
retorned no overplus againe.
9. The same time by ye same Baylive for a fine for
meeting together one pounde thirtine shillings fower
pence he tooke one Cow from Thomas Haverick a
poore man having no more to give him milk. Judg
10. George ffell a poore pettie Chapman had his
goods taken from him in the Market & made havock
of for meeting together & his wife being of another
pswation payd moneys & tooke them againe & this
ye aforesd Baylive William Houghton did in ffurnis
to the people of God Called Quakers for peaceable
meeting together which is but some of the havock
& suffering hee did upon them.
11. The 5th day of ye 2d month 1664 William
houghton Came & brought a Constable with him &
tooke from James Rigg of high wray two yong Steeves
worth fower pounds ten shillings & one Cow with
Calfe worth two pounds ten shillings Contrary to the
law for James Rigg was not Convicted at these Cestions
of any transgrestion of the law neither by his owne
Confescion nor by the Verdict of 12 men nor by
notorious Evidence of ye fact nor so much as examined
upon any accompt nor whether he was at meeting
or noe but only a man called him by his name & bade
him Com up to barr & there was no more said unto
THE WITNESSING FACTS 119
him nor laid against him yet never the less ye
majestrats fined the sd James Rigg in three pounds
six shillings Eight pence Contrary to the late Act a
man uncomitted & gave warrant to William houghton
to Straine & fetch his goods which he did to the vallue
of yli as aforesd & so see whether here be Justis done
in this to send a Baylive to fetch a man s goods un-
convicted by ye law Contrary to ye law & keeps them.
12. The 5th day of ye second month 1664 Will
Houghton Baylive Came & tooke away a Black horse
from Richard Walker of yew tree worth 3li & the
sd Richard was not Convicted at these Sestions of any
transgrestion neither by his owne Confestion nor by
any other Evidence whatsoever nor so much as ex
amined whether hee was at the meeting or not, but
only Called by his name & said no more unto & after
yt was fined in ili 135 4d, a man unconvicted Contrary
to ye law & late Act, the overplus being 2li 6s. 8d
but torned nothing againe.
13. The same Baylive Houghton about the same
time tooke from Goyles Walker neare Haukshead
two yong Steeves worth 4li & said hee was fined in
ili 135 4d. ye sd Goyles Walker was not in his list
but one miles Walker of Hawshead & hee put the letter
(m) out that stood for miles & put in (G) for Gyles
and here you may see if this benot unjust for Justis
preserves a people but injustis ruins them & the
Baylive torned him nothing againe these before
mentioned was for meeting together to worship God.
ist. Richard parke of Sunbrick for 45 fine for not
going to the steeple house had his Gridale that was
to bake his Bread on taken from him by Constables
which was worth 135 6d & nothing torned againe
the overplus being 95 6d.
2. William Simson x of Sunbrick for 43 fine for not
1 William Sympson belonged to Lancashire, being born about 1627.
Cumberland, Oxfordshire, and many other districts in England and
120 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
going to ye steeple house & hee being in prisson had
goods taken from him worth 9 or los & nothing re-
torned againe being poore people the overplus being
3. Richard Asborner of Betlife for 45 fine for not
going to the steeple house had his Gridale taken from
him which hee should have baked his bread on by ye
Constable worth a us being a poore man & his wife
being able to do little & having a Charg of Children
& nothing retorned againe of ye overplus being 75.
4. Thomas Borwick of Bykly for 45 fine for not
going to the steeple house had a Bushell of pease &
a Sack taken from him by ye Constable his Sack
5. James Chambers of Gleaston for 43 fine for not
going to the steeple house had a pott & a pann taken
from him by ye Constable worth 8s. The pott being
on the fire Boyling meate for his family the Constable
tooke it & offered to put it amongst ye swins meat
& nothing torned againe the overplus being 45.
6. Richard Cleatton of Gleaston for 45 fine for not
going to ye steeple house had a pott taken from him
by ye Constable worth I2s & had nothing torned againe
the overplus being 8s.
7. John Goad of Gleaston for 45 fine for not going
to the steeple house had a pott & a pann taken from
him by ye Constable & nothing torned againe.
8. Jane Simonson widdow of Brows Beck for 45
fine for not going to the steeple house had a bushell
of Bigg & a Sack taken from her by ye Constable &
had nothing torned againe.
And most of these being Excommunicated out of
ye steeple house before some of them had exhorta-
Ireland had the benefit of his ministry. It is said that he went " three
years naked and in sackcloth in the days of Oliver and his Parliament ;
was made many times to go through markets naked and to Cambridge
stark naked." He died in February 1670-1 while on a visit with
John Burnyeat to the Barbadoes.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 121
tion or Cittation to there knowledge and Thomas
Carrand of Beakby hath beene in prison above 3
yeares & is yet in prison & is excommunicated out of
ye steeple house & fined for not coming to the steeple
And when wee did goe to ye Spirituall Courte in
steed of exhorting & Convincing of us in Scripture
way they gave us bad words & excommunicated us
whether they spoke to us or no without any Exhorta
tion. So you that are to do Just is we would have
you to doe us Justis Concerning these things for these
are but some of the afflictions that are inflicted upon
9. Robert Salthouse & William Salthouse of
Drageleybeck for 8s fine for not Comeing to the steeple-
house had 4 peare of shuse taken from them by ye
Constable worth a us 6d & nothing retorned againe.
10. Robert Briggs of Hollow mire for 45 fine for
not going to ye steeple house had 4 pewter dishes
taken from him worth [torn], & had nothing torned
11. Thomas Benson of Ulverston for 43 fine for
not going to ye steeple house had a pann & a pewter
cobler taken from [torn] had nothing torned againe.
12. John Holme of Ulverston fined 43 for not going
to ye steeple house & ye Constable borrowed 6s of
him & for the fine hee kept it [torn], him nothing
ist. Thomas Chorley of Carnford about ye nth
month 1663 was indited at ye Cescions for going to a
meeting being in Ulverston was fined 2os & ffor it
had a Cow distreaned which cost him 4li which Cow
was released [torn], by a neighbour that owed him
money [torn], home againe.
2. Robert Wither for going to a meeting was
Comitted to prison and there remained 9 week then
was fined in 3li 6s 8d for which [torn], Houghton a
122 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Baylive tooke 2 Cowes worth 61i IDS of which [torn],
about the beginning of this yeare 1664.
3. Thomas Leaper for being at a meeting was Im
prisoned [torn], weeks & afterwards fined in [torn],
worth 4li which was released by his Brother.
4. John Markes was also a prisoner 9 weeks & then
fined in one pound thirting shillings fower pence which
was caused to be payed to the sd. Baylive by a
5 William Weathman for being at a meeting was
also Imprisoned 9 weeks & fined in ili 135 4d which
the Baylive had from his father.
6. Thomas Cam for being at a meeting was prisoner
9 weeks & then fined 2s for wch ye Baylive tooke a
pott which a neighbour loosed he being a poor-man.
7. Chrestopher Chorley of Carnford for being at ye
meeting was prissoner 9 weeks & then fined in 2s
which his grandfather payd his father also being
for prissoner the like & yet is detained in prisson.
8. Will. Huginson & Robert Huberstie was taken
out of there owne house and sent to prisson for 9 weeks
the Baylive yt destreaned ym was Will. Houghton.
Most of these was Excomunicated without any
Exhortation or Cittation to there knowledge & when
they had made ym incapable of Coming to ye Steeple
house they fined them 45 a month & also fined them
for meeting peasably to wait upon the lord of which
many of them Suffer Imprisonmt 9 weeks & yn were
fined afterwards & do not know they were but to
suffer 3 months by ye Act.
Ffurthermore you may see what abuses & havock
& spoyle the Baylives makes of us Concerning tithes &
other things above mentioned & all for tenderness of
conscience and not in rebellion nor Contempt to any
man. John Berlley of Lancaster was summoned to a
Courte Leet & Courte Barran at Alklife under Robert
Dalton of Thernmim & there to be of a Jurie & because
for Conscience Sake hee Could not Sweare they fined
THE WITNESSING FACTS 123
him in a us 8d as the Baylive sd & within a while
after the sd Robert Dalton s Baylive caled Robert
Storzicor Came upon his grounds & tooke 15 sheep
from him which a little before cost him 3!! 35 4d &
suld them in Lancaster Market.
The same John Birley was sumoned to a Coorte
held at Lancaster Willm West being Major that yere
& because for Conscience Sake he cold not Sweare
being warned to be of a Jurie hee was fined in 6s 8d &
afterwards Edmonson ye Baylive of ye toune the next
Coorte after Sued him as a just debt due unto him &
hath at this time a judgint against him to cast his
body into prison.
Bryan Hodgson of Lancaster because for Conscience
Sake hee Could not Sweare being Sumoned to be on a
Jurie was fined in 6s 8d by Will West being Major yt
yeare & Thomas Edmonson being Baylive tooke out of
his shop one peare of Boots about worth 138 & retorned
Roger Hartley was sued by Ralfe Ashton Impro-
priattor for tith Corne Vallued I2S shillings 6d & had
taken from him by Goyles hamond Baylive one yt
came with him a Karsey peece worth 375.
Steeven Sager was sued by Ralpe Ashton Impro-
priator for tith corne vallue at us yd & by Goyles
Hamond & Will Berry had wooll taken from him
worth 355 John Sager was sued by Ralph Ashton
Impropriator for tith corne Vallued by ym selves at
1 8s gd & had taken from him by Goyles hamond &
Will Berry two Kersey peeseese worth 3li 155 6d.
Richard Hargreives of the Edge end was sued by
Ralph Ashton Impropriator for tith corne vallued at
ili 2s 6d & had taken from by Goyles hamond & Will
Berry two Kersey peecese worth 4!! 35.
Robert Bruce of Hartlacks was sued for tith by
Thomas Berry & Will Rippon tith farmer & Cast at
Comon Law att ye Assises att Lancaster in 2li damage
as there Witness bore Evidence & then Cast in treble
124 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
damage being 61i & upon the 26th day of ye ist month
last the Baylive Arran tooke a horse worth 3!! & one
Cow worth 3!! & 3 yong bease worth 5!! the horse was
sent againe & so kept goods worth 81i & if I could have
Graed it it may bee ili would have fitted it but yt I
dorst not do for Conscience Sake. And priest Brigs
of Boulton sent one Thomas Wilkinson who tooke a
Goose of mine in the highway for tithe of geese hee
having but 6 yong ons in all.
Will Barns of Wirs side had a pan taken from him
worth 2s 4d by Robert Hawthornet called ye church
warden for is demanded as hee sd for ye Church &
had nothing retorned againe in the 2d month 1664.
Taken from Minchall a flitch of Bacon to ye vallue
of ten shillings the demand was 2s for smale tith.
Taken from John Minchall Brass to ye vallue of 8s
the demand was 5d for maintaining of ye Steeple-
Taken from John Minchall pewter to ye vallue of 55
& ye demand was 2d for repairing of ye Steeple house.
Taken from John Minchall a Brass pann to ye
vallue of one pounde for not swearing & is 2d for
Taken from John Minchall Goods to ye vallue of 6s
for not paying 4d to Repaire ye Steeple house.
Taken from John Minchall a pann worth is 8d for
not paying 2d to repaire ye Steeple house.
The said John Minchall suffered imprisonment nere
8 months for tith about 3 thanes of oats.
Taken of John Minchall 2 steers worth 4!! for tith
Vallued to nine shillings.
Taken from John Minchall a Cow worth 4!! for about
5 thanes of Barley.
Taken from John Minchall 2 brass pans to ye vallue
of ili. For one thane of tith Barley & ten Sheaves of
[The name of Minchall is spelled throughout with c.
The document is somewhat mutilated.]
THE WITNESSING FACTS 125
To the right worll his maties Justices of the peace
& quor. within the County of Lane.
The humble peticon of Edward Rawsthorne
Governor of the house of Correccon in Manchester.
Sheweth That whereas there is in the hands of the
Constables of Manchester the sume of ffive pounds
which was Collected & gathered from some Quakers
within the towne of Manchester in this County aforesd.
Yor peticoner humbly prayes yor worpp To grante
your order that the sd Sume of ffive pounds may bee
received from the sd Constables & Imployed to and for
the Repaire of the sd house of Correccon accordinge
to the late acte in that behalfe made
And yor peticonr shall
humbly pray for yor wspps
referred to Mr Lightbowne, Mr Mosley, Mr Hartley
to dispose yt as they shall see cause.
Wee doe hereby Acquainte the Justices of the Bench
That we have received Intelligence from our friends
att London who were Interceded for our freends in
Prison ; and Delivered our papers to the Kinge and
Councell whoe Received our papers att theire Hands
and did discourse wth them aboute our freends in
prison (And the next day did reporte our Grievances
to the Kinge and Councill) by whom wee are Certainly
Informed That the Kinge wth many of his Councill
were Inclyned to Sett our freinds att Liberty forthwth.
But being pswaded by some of his Councill to send an
ordr or a Letter To the Justices of peace att the Quarter
Sessions By whose pcuremt it was That these words
were put in the order vizt Ring leaders of ffaction in
Contempt of the Lawes Concerninge which wee Canne
speak unto the whole world To that wch is Righteous
Juste and true, in every hearte And perticularly wee
Appeale unto yu upon the Bench what yu have knowne
of us Concerninge anie faction or anie disturbance
126 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
of the peace or Gouermt or anie Contempt of anie
Lawes Though they were never so Contrary to our
principles And though they have taken Away our
Libertys, yea, and many of our Lyfes yeat we have
suffered patiently and pcacably have undergone
whatever hath beene Inflicted upon us by them, ffor
it is Contrary to our principles to be factious or Tur
bulent or Contemners of Lawes And it is Contrary to
our Lord & Maister s Commande whoe came not to
destroy the Lawe But to fulfill it whose Doctrine is
not to Resist Evill. But that if anie one smite us on
the one Cheeke to turne the other And so all faction
and Contention and Contemners of Lawes wee doe
deny ; And our practice and peacable life hath shewed
the same and ever shall ; And so to the Righteous
and just principle of God in all your Hearts wee doe
speake to Returne us as that Judges of us
Rich. Walker prisoners
Robt. Widder Margt. ffell.
To Joshua Radcliffe and Alexander Nowell
Justices of ye peace for ye County Pallatine of
Whereas there is An Act made Anno 22 Caroli
2 Regis The Preface whereof is to prevent & Supprese
Seditious Conventicles &c. And whereas there is a
Proviso in ye said Act yt when any one shall suffer
a ffine above ten shillings for any one Meeteing it
shall & may be lawfull (finding himselfe aggrieved)
for him to appeal from ye person or persons convicting
to ye Judgement of the Justices of ye Peace in tin -ir
next Quarter Sessions &c. Soe I having my goodes
THE WITNESSING FACTS 127
taken by the Const, and Churchwardens of Pendelton
(by warrt from yu to them directed to levie a fine
upon me exceeding ten shillings) the ffiftenth day of
this Instant ffebruary for being at a Conventicle at
the house of James Whipp in Twiston upon Sunday
the Thirtyth of October last by reason of destraynt
made on my Goodes as aforesd I find myself aggrieved
Soe I do appeal from you according to the Provison
[faded] Evidence upon which the Conviction past
[faded] thereof And also a Coppie of the appeale
Mdm that the 18 day of [faded]
John Aspinall did enter the [faded]
[The document is badly faded.]
yth of gber 70.
Constable of Twiston
Informeth upon oath that upon Sunday the 30th
of October last past upon some Suspicion that there
should bee a Conventickle or Unlawfull assemblie at
the house of James Whipp and There found William
Howgate of Gisburne in the County of York, Shopp
Keeper, John Aspinall of Standinge in the County of
Lancr. yeoman James Patefeild of Clithero, Scrifiner,
William Harison of Greenhead in Yorkshire Clothier,
Ellen Lee of Clitheroe, spinster, Isabell Browne of New-
feildsedg, Spinster, And the sd Informer demanded of the
sd Howgate upon what accompt or occation they mett
there hee Answered that they weare a Company of
ffreends mett to discourse of Scripture & theire Religion
Meaninge Noe hurte to neether Kinge nor Country
And further said not
Informeth upon oath
John Clayton and Henry Speake being both
Comanded by the Constable at the Day and Tyme
128 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
aforesd went with him to the house of James Whipp
in Twiston and there saw the psons above named
but upon what accompt they were there [torn], the
cannot tell but doe beleeve they weare all Quakers
And further [torn].
[This document is somewhat mutilated.]
Wee send you herewith by the Constable of Padiham
the bodies of ffrancis Donne lait of Skipton in the
countie of Yorke husbandman, William Clayton lait
of Stanbury in the said Countie of Yorke husbandman
James Whipp of Twiston in the Countie of Lancaster
husbandman and Henry Robinson of Padiham in the
said Countie of Lancr. husbandman brought before
us this day and accused to have beene assembled the
twentieth day of this Instant Septembr at the house
of the said Henry Robinson in Padiham afforesaid
together with others above the number of ffive psons
of the age of Sixtiene yeares and upwards Contrary
to an Act of Parliamt Intituled an Act for pventing
the Mischieffe & dangers that may arise by certaine
psons Called quakers and others refuseing to take
lawfull oathes which upon their Examinacons they have
not only confessed before us but alsoe pemptorily
denied to take the oath of allegiance to them by us
tendered and to give security for their appearance
at the next quarter Sessions of the peace to bee holden
at Preston in Amoundernes Theise are therefore in
his Maties name straitly to charge and Comand you
that you receive them the said ffrancis donne William
Clayton James Whipp and Henry Robinson into his
Maties Comon Gaole at the Castle of Lancr there to
remaine untill the next quarter Sessions of the peace
to bee holden at Preston afforesd or bee thence deliv.
out by due Course of law. Given under our hands
and Scales at Whalley the 2ist day of September
THE WITNESSING FACTS 129
Anno Regni Regis dni uri Carol! Sedi Angliae &c.
Vicesimo annoq dni 1668.
To the Keeper of his
Matis Comon Tho. Brady 11.
Goale at the Thos. Parker.
Castle of Lancr. his Matis
deputie or deputies
Robinson 3li 6s viijd
Wm. Claton 55
for as much as brought into Court being before
Convict & comitted to house of Correcon if they pay
not within a weeke.
Whereas it appeareth unto us by the Certificate
of Richard Legh Esq., and Edward Warren Esq.
twoe of his Maties Justices of the peace for the Countie
of Chester that upon the I7th day of July last past
being Sunday there was a numerous meeting or Con
venticle under Colour or ptence of the Exercise of
Religion at the house of Ann Marsland of Hanford
in the parish of Cheedle and Countie of Chester, widow,
when Willm Booth of Warrington in the Countie of
Lancaster, Maulster, preached and prayed Contrarie
to the late Act of Parliament for pventing and Sup
pressing Seditious Conventicles but did not read the
booke of Comon prayer at which said meeting there
was manie more than five psons l above the age of
1 The Conventicle Act ordained "that if any Person above the age of
sixteen, after the first of July 1664, shall be present at any meeting
under Colour or Pretence of any Exercise of Religion, in other manner
than is allowed by the Liturgy or Practice of the Church of England,
where shall be five or more Persons than the Household, shall for the
130 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
16 yeares who were not of the house hold of the said
Anne Marsland And therefore the said Justices did
deeme and adjudge the said William Booth Guiltie
of the breach of the sd Act and did therefore impose
the sume of five shillings upon the sd William Booth
as a fine uppon him according to the sd Act and the
said Justices did further adjudge that the said William
Booth had forfeited twentie pounds according to the
sd Act for takeing uppon him to preach in the said
Meeting or Conventicle as by the Certificate and Con
viction taken before the Sd Justices more fully and at
large it doth and may appeare. Now therefore wee
doe hereby will and require and in his Maties name
straictly Charge and Comand you that forthwith
(after the receipt hereof) you doe levie by distresse
and Sale of the goods and Chattells of the said William
Booth as well the sd sume of five shillings so as aforesd
imposed uppon him, as the sume of twentie pounds
so as aforesd forfeited by him for takinge uppon him
to preach in the sd meeting or Conventicle Contrarie
to the sd Act And the same moneys Soe levied you
do pay to us or the one of us to be disposed of as by
the said Act is directed And hereof you are not to
ffaile as you will answer the Contrarie at yor pills
first Offence suffer three months imprisonment, upon Record made
upon Oath under the Hand and Seal of a Justice of Peace ; or pay a
Sum not exceeding five Pounds," etc. In April 1670 the Conventicle
Act, which had expired, was revived, and it distinctly stipulates that
when there were present at any such religious meeting " five Persons
or more besides those of the Household, the Offender shall pay five
Shillings for the first Offence, and ten Shillings for the second. And the
Preachers or Teachers in any such meeting shall forfeit twenty Pounds for
the first and forty for the second Offence. And those who knowingly
suffer such Conventicles in their Houses, Barns, Yards, etc., shall forfeit
twenty Pounds." Whilst, however, the law would seem to be perfectly
clear that it was an infringement of the Act when five persons other than
members of the household were present at a Conventicle, the popular
idea appears to have been that more than five were needed to constitute
a breach of the law. In all cases it will be noted that those who gave
evidence against the offenders said that more than five were present.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 131
Given under our handes and Scales this 5th day
of September Ano R Rx Caro 2 Angl. &c Vicessimo
Secundo Anoq. Dom. 1670
To all Mayors
Bailiffes. and Constables more specially to the
Constables of Warrington in the sd County
of Lancaster and to all and everie of them
joyntly or severally
[In another hand.]
as allsoe to the Churchwardens
and overseers of the
To his Majtes Justices of the peace for the County
of Lancaster and especially to Sr Roger Bradshaigh
Knt and Lawrence Rothstorne Esqr.
Wee whose hands and Scales are hereunto sett and
subscribed two of his Majtis Justices of the peace for
and in the said County of Chester doe hereby Certifie
you that William Booth of Warrington in the aforesaid
County of Lancaster, Maltster, was upon the 27th day
of this instant August by us Convicted for preaching
and praying in a Conventicle or meeting upon the
I7th day of July last past at the house of Ann
Marsland of Hanford in the parish of Cheadle and
aforesaid County of Chester, widow, Contrary to a
late Act of this psent parliamt intituled an Act for ye
suppssing of Seditious Conventicles & meetings as by
a Conviction under our hands and Scales hereunto
annexed it doth and may appeare.
Witness our hands and Scales
the 29th day of August 1670
132 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Whereas wee whose hands and scales are hereunto
sett and subscribed being Justices of the peace for
and in the said County are fully satisfied by notorious
evidence and circumstances of the fact That upon
the i yth day of July last past being Sunday there
was a numerous meeting or Conventicle under Colour
or ptence of the exercise of Religion at the house of
Ann Marsland of Hanford in the parish of Cheadle
and County aforesaid widow by and with her Consent
where one William Booth of Warrington in the County
of Lancaster, Maltster, preached and praied contrary
to the late Act for preventing & suppressing Seditious
Conventicles but did not read the booke of Comon
praier at which said meeting there was more then
ffive persons above the age of 16 yeares who were not
of the household of the said Ann Marsland, amongst
whom there was Samuel Barret of Etchell in the said
County of Chester husbandman and Mary the wife of
Thomas Mather of Hanford aforesaid Skinner Wee
doe therefore deeme and adjudge the said persons
guilty of the breach of the late Act against Conventicles,
and doe therefore impose the sume of ffive shillings
upon the said Ann Marsland, the sume of ffive shillings
upon the said William Booth, the sume of ffive shillings
upon the said Samuel Barret and the sume of ffive
shillings upon the said Mary Mather as ffines upon
the said persons according to the said Act. And doe
further adjudge that the said Ann Marsland hath
forfeited twenty pounds according to the said Act for
willingly suffering such said Conventicle to bee held
in her said house and that the said William Booth
hath also forfeited twenty pounds according to the
said Act for takeing upon him to preach in the said
Meeting or Conventicle.
Witnes our hands and Scales
the 27th day of August
THE WITNESSING FACTS 133
Anno Regni Regis Carol! Secdi nunc Angl. &c
vicessimo secdo Anoq. doi. 1670.
[Endorsed.] The Certificate and Conviction of
William Booth of Warrington by the Justices of peace
in Cheshyre for a Conventicle
To the Right Worshippfull Richard Kirby with
other the Justices of the Peace at the Generall Sessions
held at Lancaster this i3th of July instant
The humble Petition of William Browne John
Tomason Constables & Richard Kew Churchwarden,
John Longton Overseer for the poore within the Toune
of Scotforth within the Parish of Lancaster.
That whereas Andrew Lund John Padget ffrancis
Sands William Atkinson ffrancis Padget all within
Scotforth aforesayd presented at the last Generall
Sessions holden for the Peace at Lancaster aforesayd
as Quakers absenting themselves fro Divine Service
upon Sundays & since then have absented themselves
fro Divine Service upon Sundays Contrary to the
Statutes & injunctions of the Realme Therefore they
desire that a Warrant may be Granted to levy 12
pence by the Sunday for every Sunday since the sayd
psentment upon every of them the offenders aforesayd
for the use of the Poore according to the Statute in
that Case made & provided
And yr Petitioners shall
To all and every his Matis Justices of the peace for
the County Palatine of Lancr. and especially to
Christopher Parker Esq. These are to Certifie you
That ffrancis Patchet of Scotforth in the County
134 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
aforesd & Robt Butler of Rawcliffe in the County
aforesaid stand Convicted with severall others by
the Oathes of Thomas Blackburn of Garstang in the
County aforesaid Blacksmith James Atkinson of
Nateby in the County aforesaid husbandman taken
before me William Towlnson Maior of the Burrough
or Towne of Lancaster in the County aforesaid at
Lancr. aforesaid the ffifth Day of Aprill last past that
they were psent at a meeting or Conventicle the Twenty
fifth day of March last past at Lancaster aforesaid
in the house of Richard Clayton of Lancaster aforesaid
Dyer called ffryers under Colour or ptence of Exe-
cising Religion in other maner then according to the
liturgy & practice of the Church of England ffor wch
their offence & Transgression I imposed upon them the
sumes of ffive shillings a peece respectively And that
Roger Hadocke of Coppull in the County aforesaid
stands also Convicted before me by the Oaths of the
aforesaid Thomas Blackburn & James Atkinson for
taking upon him to preach or teach at the aforesaid
meeting or Conventicle Contrary to the Act of parliamt
in that behalfe made, for wch he hath forfeited the
sume of Twenty pounds And of such their Conviccon I
have made a Record & sent out my warrt under my
hand Scale directed to Sevrall Officers within the
said wants under my hand & Scale directed to Sevrall
Officers within the said Burrough or Towne of Lancr.
forthwth to levy the sumes aforesaid by destresse
Sale of their goods & Chattell And upon receipt to
deliver the same to me to be distributed & disposed
according to the direccon of the said Act of parliamt
And the said Officers doe returne That the said ffrancis
patchet Robt Butler & Roger Hadocke have no goods
& Chattells within the aforesaid Burrough or Towne
of Lancaster that they can finde Whereof they may
levy the sumes aforesaid according to the said Act
of parliamt Wherefore psumeing That the said ffrancis
Patchet of Scotforth may have some estate in Scotforth
THE WITNESSING FACTS 135
and That the said Robert Butler of Rawcliffe may
have an Estate in Rawcliffe and that the said Roger
Haddocke of Coppull may have an Estate in Coppull
all within the said County of Lancr. out of my Juris-
dicon but where yor or any of your warrts may & must
be obeyed To the end the Law in that behalfe may be
pursued I have hereby Certified you of the pmisses
Witness my hand & Scale
the xxiiij day of Aprill Ano RRs Caroli Scedi Angl. &c
Annoq. dni 1677.
A warrt to the Sevall
Const, according to the
Ad General Quarterias Session, pacis dni Regis
tent, apud Preston in Com. Lane. 17 Jan. 2Qth Rx.
This Court doth Taxe and allowe fifty shillings &
sixe pence Costs to be paide by Samuell Watson who
was Convicted upon his appeale for preaching or
teaching at an Unlawfull Conventicle in Clitherow
to be paid unto Mr John Cockshute for the prosecutors
Charges allowed according to ye Statute in that case
A warrt to apphend him & to send to Goale untill
The Informacon of Wm. Standish, Prescott, and
John Naylor of Windle in ye said County of Lancaster
taken the 2d day of January 1679 before me John
136 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Entwisle Esq. one of his Maties Justices of peace and
Quor. of the same County
Who say upon their Oaths that on ffryday the iyth
day of October last past Wm Griffith of Toxteth
parke James Laithwaite Thomas Hicock and Wm.
Booth of Knowsley James Tarleton of Westderby
Samuell Dunbaband and John Chorley of Warrington
Riche Tarbock and Thomas Tarbock of Sutton Thomas
Keaquick George Birch and Thomas Chaddock of
Sankey George Shaw, John Bispham Godfrey Atherton
and Richard Cubham all of Biccurstaffe, Thomas
Crosby and Joshua Crosby of Ormskirk Elizabeth
Yarway of Rainford, Henry Ackers of Cuerdley James
Penketh of Penketh Richard Hankinson of Bold and
John Crichlaw of parr and Edward Billinge of Windle
Together with twenty other persons or thereabouts
all of them being of the age of Sixteen years and up
wards and subjects of this Realme were psent at an
Assembly Conventicle or meeting under Coulor and
ptence of exercise of Religion in othr manner then
According to the Leiturgy and practice of ye Church
of England in a Certaine building near St. Ellen
Chappell in the parish of Prescott not being a house
where any family then Inhabitted Contrary to the
Statute made in the two & twentieth year of the Reign
of King Charles the Second Intituled an Act to pvent
and Supresse Seditious Conventicles. And these in-
formts further say that three severall psons Altogether
unknown to them or eithr of them tooke upon them
to teach after ye manner and practice of ye Quakers
in ye said Assembly And further say not.
Jurat die et Anno
Supr coram me
Jon Entwisl. X
THE WITNESSING FACTS 137
Memorandum quod Willus Standish de Prescott
et Johes Naylor de Windle &c.
[Document illegible in places].
That on ffriday the Sevententh day October last
past William Griffith of Toxteth Park James Laith-
waite Thomas Hicock & William Booth of Knowsley
James Tarlcton of Westderby Samuel Dunbavand
and John Chorley of Warrington Richard Tarbock
and Thomas Tarbock of Sutton and Thomas Keaquick
George Birch and Thomas Chaddock of Sankey
George Shaw John Bispham Godfrey Atherton and
Richard Cubham all of Biccurstaffe Thomas Crosby
and Joshua Crosby of Ormeskirk Elizabeth Yarway of
Rainford & Henry Ackers of Cuerdley James Penketh
of Penketh Richard Hankinson of Bold John Crichlaw
of Parr and Edward Billing of Windle Together with
Twenty psons unknowne or there abouts all of them
being of the age of Sixtiene years & upwards and
Subjects of this Realme were psent at an Assembly
Conventicle or meeting under Coulor and ptence of
Exercise of Religion in other manner then according
to the Leiturgie and practice of the Church of England
in a certaine building near St. Ellen Chappcll in the
Parish of Prescott not being an house where any
family then inhabited Contrary to the Statute made
in the Two and Twentieth year of the Reigne of King
Charles the Second Intituled an Act to pvent and
Suppresse Seditious Conventicles And these Informants
further say that Three severall Persons altogether
unknowne to them or either of them took upon them
to teach after the Maner and practices of the Quakers
in the said Assembly. Fines inflicted
Willm Griffith vs
Jacobus Laithwte vs
et proprimo pdicatore xli
Thomas Hicock vs.
et pro eodem pdicatore xli
138 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
William Booth vs
et pro secundo pdicatore xli
Jacobus Tarleton vs
et pro eodem pdicatore xli
Johes Chorley vs.
et pro tertio pdicatore xli
Ricu Tarbock vs
Thomas Tarbock vs
Thomas Keaquick vs
Georgius Birch vs
Thomas Chaddock vs
Georgius Shaw vs
Johes Bispham vs
Godfrey Atherton vs.
Ricus Cubham vs
Thomas Crosby vs
Joshua Crosby vs
Elizabeth Yarway vs
Henricus Ackers [torn]
Jacobus Penketh vs
Ricus Hankinson vs
et pro tertio pdicatore xli.
Edrus Billinge vs.
In cujus rei testimoniu Ego pfatu Johes Entwisle
con [torn] Terto die Jan.
[Document somewhat mutilated and some Latin por
tions omitted but they contain nothing of importance.
20 November 1679.
Thomas Heton of Sharpies in the County of Lancr
yeoman maketh oath that upon the nynth day
November 1679 hee went into the house of James
Harrison of Bolton in the said County and did there
and then heare the said James Harrison teach and
instruct a certaine number of people there psent to
THE WITNESSING FACTS 139
repent and used many other words by way of exercise
of religion standing there in the midst of the assembly
att which meeting there was besides his owne family
one Henry Wood of Tottington Alice the wife of James
Worthington of Bolton Phineas Pemberton & Phebe
his wife of Bolton and other psons to the number of
thirty which hee did not know all subjects of this
Realme and above sixtiene yeares of Age
The day and yeare above said Alexander Bradshaw
of Bolton aforesaid saith upon Oath That hee went
wth the above named Thomas Heaton Churchwarden
of the Parish of Bolton to the said house and did heare
the said James Harrison Instruct the people to feare
God and not man after the manner of preaching where
were psent besides the family of the said James Harrison
the above said Henry Wood alice the wife of James
Worthington one of the daughters of James Worthington
of Bolton Ann Rothwell of the same Phebe the wife
of Phineas Pemberton of Bolton Raph Pemberton
of Ratcliffe and other psons whose names hee did
not know to the number of Thirtie or above all subjects
of our Soveigne Lord the King and above sixtiene
years of age
James Woodruff an ovseer of the Poore of Bolton
saith upon his Oath that hee went wth the above
named Thomas Heaton the day and yeare abovesaid
into the house of the said James Harrison where hee
saw the said James standing in the midle of the
assembly there psent speaking to the people, but the
Croud hindered him from understanding his words
but hee believes hee was teaching them by way of
exercise of religion where hee saw besides the familey
of the said James Harrison Raph Pemberton of Rat-
140 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
cliffe Henry Wood of Tottington Phebe the wife of
Phineas Pemberton of Bolton John Clarke of Bolton
Alice the wife of James Worthington of the same and
many other psons to the number of Twenty whose
names hee did not know all subjects of our Sovaigne
Lord the King and above Sixtene yeares of Age
James Crabtree saith upon oath That att the tyme
and place aforesaid hee in the Company of the said
Thomas Heton Churchwarden did heare James
Harrison teacheing the people their assembled to feare
God and not man and other things by way of Exercise
of Religion where was assembled besides the familey
of the said James, Phineas Pemberton of Bolton
Phebe wife of the said Phineas Alice the wife of James
Worthington of Bolton Esther their daughter Ann
Rothwell of Bolton Henry Wood of Tottington Raph
Pemberton of Ratcliffe John Clarke of Bolton and
other psons to the number of thirty or upwards whose
names hee did not know All subjects of our Sovraigne
Lord the King and above sixtiene yeares of Age
Thomas Townley Constable of Bolton upon oath
saith that the same day and tyme hee went wth Thomas
Heton Churchwarden into the house of the said James
Harrison being informed there was a meeting or
Conventicle there and did fynde the said James
Harrison standing amongst the people there assembled
and was by way of divine worship telling the people
of the light and the truth and of fearing God and not
man and many other words to the like effect att which
tyme and place were assembled besides the familey
of the said James Harrison Pheneas Pemberton &
Phebe his wife of Bolton John Clarke of the same
Raph Pemberton of Ratcliffe Henry Wood of Tottington
Ann Rothwell of Bolton Alice the wife of James
Worthington of the same, Esther Worthington their
THE WITNESSING FACTS 141
daughter and others to the number of Thirty and
upwards and all Subjects of our Sovaigne Lord the
King and aged above sixtiene yeares
fforasmuch as by ye Informacons of sevall psons
of good Creditt upon their Oaths taken before us
Wm Hulme & Thomas Lever Esqrs (Two of ye King s
Matis Justices of ye p of & for this County) Att Bolton
in le More In ye sd County The 20th day of November
last And by Notorious Evidence & Circumstances It
appeareth unto us That upon Sunday being the gth
day of ye sd month of November last There was a
Conventicle or Meeting at Bolton aforsd under Color
or ptence of ye Exercise of Religion in other manner
then According to ye Liturgy & practise of ye Church
of England In ye dwelling house of James Harrison
of Bolton aforesd Shoemaker At such Conventicle or
meeting were Assembled (over and besides those of
ye Househould of ye sd Harrison) To witt Pheneas
Pemberton & Phebe his wife of Bolton aforesd, Grocer,
John Clarke of ye same, Grocer, Ann Rothwell of ye
same Spinster Alice ye wife of James Worthington
of ye same, Shoemaker, Esther Worthington of ye
same spinster Henry Wood of Tottington husbandman
Raph Pemberton of Radcliffe & sevall other psons
to ye number of 20 & upwards (whose names are un-
knowne to ye Informers) All Subjects of this Realme
And above ye age of 16 years In wch sd Conventicle
or meeting so holden the day & yeare aforesd He ye
sd James Harrison did take upon him to preach or
Teach And that such have beene ye pceeds in & Con
cerning ye pmisses As a full Convicon is made of ye
Offences (for such their Offences) According to ye
Statute in yt Case made & pvided And pursuant
thereunto are the sd Matis Justices of ye p I have
Imposed ye ffyne of 53 a peece upon each of them
142 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
ye sd Phineas Pemberton Phebe his wife Jon Claikr
Ann Rothwell Alice Worthington Esther Worthington
Henry Wood and Raph Pemberton and upo ye sd
James Harrison for his sd offence the ffyne or for
feiture of xxli In Execon whereof Thes are in his sd
Matis name strictly to Charge & Comand you & every
of you ymediately upo yor receipt thereof To Collect
Levy By Distress to Sale of ye sd Offenders goods
& Chles the sevall sumes of money hereafter menconed
Respectively That is to say the sume of xs upo ye
goods & Chles of the sd Phineas Pemberton for such
ye offence of ye sd Phineas & phebe his wife ffive
shillings upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd Jon Clarke
vs upo ye goods & Chatties of ye sd Ann Rothwell vs
upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd Esther Worthington
vs upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd James Worthington
for ye sd offence of Alice his wife vs upo ye goods &
Chles of ye sd Henry Wood vs upo ye goods & Chles
of ye sd Raph Pemberton And the sd sume of xxli
upo ye goods & Chles of ye sd James Harrison wch
sd sevall sumes of money As you shall Levy or receive
ye same you are hereby likwyse required to Deliver
& pay unto us or ye one of us To be distributed &
disposed According to ye direcion of ye sd Statute
Wherein faile not &c
Given under or hands & Scales the [blank] day of
December Anno Rrs Caroli scdi Angl &c xxx.
To all & evie ye Constables Churchwardens & Over
seers of ye poore within ye sd County of Lancr And
especially to ye Constables Churchwardens & Over
seers of ye poore of Bolton Tottington Radcliffe
Daniell Hemingway Constable of Bolton was att
the house aforesaid att the tyme aforesaid where hee
saw sevall psons to the number of thirty and upwards
THE WITNESSING FACTS 143
hearing James Harrison of Bolton then standing in
the Middle of the Assembly speake to them by way
of Exercise of Religion and all psent subjects of this
Realme and above the age of sixtiene yeares.
Capt. apud Bolton in the more In Com. Lancr.
vicesimo die Novembr. Ano RRs Caroli Scdi Angl.
&c. Tricesimo primo coram nobis.
Thomas Heton of Sharpies yeoman Churchwarden
of Bolton is prosecutor of these Informations.
Inclosed I have sent you the Informacions lately
taken by Mr Hulme and my selfe In order to ye
Convicion of ye Conventicles And ye Warrt wch we
have issued forth thereupon To the Intent yt you
may be Instructed to draw upp ye Record of Con*
vicion &c in fourme wch we must desire you to ppare
& pfect agt the next Sessions That ye Offenders may
take their benefite of appeale thereupon if they please
wch is all at
yor affect freend
Chambre $th Tho. Lever.
We have no Copies of thees Informacons therefore
you must fyle them safely. I know not what Execcon
ye Constables have yet made of ye Warrt But I thinke
none at all. I should be glad to know when you
expect Mr Kenyon to come Home. My service to
his good Lady & her vertuous daughters.
Thomas Parker of Aighton & William Clayton of
Whalley took oath before Nicholas Townley & Thomas
Braddyll justices of the peace that on Sunday the
144 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Sevententh day of Octob instant John ffish of Clitheroe
Margret his wife Anne his daughter Richard Colborne
of the same Ellen his wife Charles Leigh of Mearley
Ursilla the wife of John Allmond of Wilpshire Thomas
Robinson of Gisburne in the County of York Thomas
Eccles of Balshaw Eaves Thomas Procter of the same
Edmund Tomlinson of Grindleton Clement Parker
of the fforrest of Holland William Romsbotham of
Aighton William Cottam of the same Anne Baldwin
of the same Katherine Cross of the same Margaret
Houghton of the same Bridget Isherwood of the same
Jenet Houghton of the same Town Elizabeth Standen
daughter of Henry Standen of the same Edward
Parkinson of Cheagley James Corner of the same
Thomas Bleasdale of Aighton John Richmond of the
same Mary the wife of Henry Standen aforesaid John
Aspinall of Pendleton William Whalley of Marsden
Alexander Salisbury of Lagram Alice his daughter
Edward Row of Thornley Thomas Dilworth of the
same Sarah his wife James Dilworth of the same Anne
his wife John Smith of Thornley and Henry Cottam
of Chipping togeather wth above twenty psons un
known or thereabouts all of them of the age of sixtiene
yeares and upwards and Subjects of this Realme
were psent at an Assembly Conventicle or meeting
under colour or ptence of the exercise of Religion in
other manner then according to the Liturgie and
practise of the Church of England in the house of
one Mathew Read of Aighton aforesaid, Husbandman,
Contrary to the Statute made in the two and twentieth
year of the Raigne of King Charles the Second In
tituled an Act to pvent & suppres Seditious Con
venticles And these Informants further say that
William Whalley aforesaide took upon him to teach
preach or pray after the manner and practice of the
Quakers in the said assembly. Fines inflicted.
William Whalley prdicatr xxxli offence 2.
Mathew Read xli.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 145
John ffish p prdicatore 61i
Rich Cowburne 61i
Alexander Salisbury 81i
John Fish 5$
Margaret his wife 53
Anne his daughter 53
Rich Cowburne 53
Ellen his wife 53
Charles Leigh 53
Ursilla Allmond 55
Thomas Robinson 53
Thomas Eccles 53
Thomas Procter 53
Edward Tomlinson 53
Clement Parker 53
William Romsbottom 55
William Cottam 53
Anne Baldwin 55
Katherine Cross 53
Margret Houghton 53
Bridget Isherwood 53
Jenet Houghton 53
Elizabeth Standen 53
Edward Parkinson 53
James Corner 53
Thomas Bleasdall 53
John Richmond 53
Mary Standen 53
John Aspinall xs
Alexander Salisbury 53
Alice Salisbury 55
Edward Row 53
Thomas Dilworth 55
Sarah Dilworth 53
James Dilworth 53
Anne Dilworth 55
John Smith 55
Henry Cottam 53
146 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
In cujus rei testimonia nos pfat Nicholau Townley
et Thomas Braddyll Convicois evidentias simul cio
Recordo ejusdem Justie Acti Rgs ad Genal Sessione
pacis p Com Lane apud Preston pxmo tenendo sub
manibs et Sigillis uris vicessimo die Octobris ano
supradicto humilime certificam.
[Latin portions omitted but they contain nothing of
The Information of Thomas Bannister of Prescott
& Ralph Parr within the same town in ye parish of
Prescott taken the third day of March 1680 before me
John Entwisle Esq. one of his Majesty s Justices of
Peace & Quorum of ye said County
Who say that James Fletcher of Knowsley James
Laithwait of Knowsley John Chorley of Warrington
Griffith Owen of Prescote John Barns of Warrington
Mr. Whitfeeld of Roby James Penketh of Penketh
William Hatton of Knowsley Samuel Dunbabin of
Warrington together with above fourty other persons
unknown being of the several ages of sixteen years
& upwards & subjects of this Realm were on Fryday
ye 7th of January last past present at an Assembly
Conventicle meeting in a certain place called ye
Quakers meeting house nere St Ellens Chappell in ye
above said parish of Prescott of wch said meeting
house George Shaw of Bickersteth is reputed to be
ye Owner under Colour & pretence of exercise of
Religion in other manner then according to ye Leiturgy
& practice of ye Church of England wherein an un
known person did take upon him to preach or teach
not making use of ye Leiturgy of ye Church of England
THE WITNESSING FACTS 147
nor any other person making use of ye same there
dureing ye said meeting.
Capt & jurat die
[This is duplicated but no fresh information appears.
The fines inflicted are as follows :]
Jacobus Laithwait o 15 o
Willus Booth 050
Willus Hat ton o 15 o
et pro ignoto pdicator 500
Jacobus Ffletcher 20 o o
Samuel Dunbabin oo 15 o
et pro ignoto pdicator 05 oo o
Johes Chorley 050
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Johes Barnes o 15 o
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Griffith Owen o 15 o
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Robertus Barton 050
Mary Kenwick 050
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Jacobus Penketh 015 o
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Ricus Hankinson 050
et pro ignot pdicator 500
Georgius Shaw 20 o o
Ad Genall Session, pacis dni Regis tent, apud
Mancaster in Com. Lane. 14. Die Octobris Ano RRs
Car. Scdi Ang. &c xxxij .
148 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
It is ordered by this Court that all the psons con
victed upon a Conventicle att the house of Mr Joshuah
Browne shall all of them forthwith haveinge notice
hereof pay there ffynes accordinge to a warrant issued
out agt them for the same or shew just cause to the
Contrary att the next Sessions of peace here to bee
houlden or in default warrants of the good behaviour
shall then issue out agt them.
[Wanting] & to bee served psonally
January iSth 1682-3.
Att the quarter Sessions houlden in Manchester
the day abovesaid wee the Constables of Ouldham
make our presentments as followeth :
Wee present these persons hereafter named (comonly
called quakers) Susan Boydale James Sykes and
Elizabeth his wife John Leese and Sara his wife Isaac
Wyld and his sonne William Wyld and Sara Wyld
for that they did unlawfully Assemble Together in
the house of the said Susan Boydale upon the Seaventh
day of December Last past in the tyme of divine
Service but did not heare any of them teach preach
exhort or pray and beside there was an auld man
in the said house at the said tyme who wee doe not
know nor Canot get his name And further wee have
nothing to present.
By us John Anderson
The overseares of the
highway for our towne is
Robert tetlow of hollinwood
& John Kinion of glodwick.
Duodecimo die Julij anno R. Rgs Caroli Scdi mine
Angl &c. xxxv. Anoq. Dom. 1683.
THE WITNESSING FACTS
A Memoriall of ye Account of ye moneys menconed
in ye Record Certified at ye last Genall Qr. Sessions
of the peace held at Preston in Amounderness by
Thomas Parker, Henry Marsden & Chr. Wilkinson
Esqrs three of his Matys Justices of peace for ye said
County (forfeited as in ye sd Record is menconed)
in an unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or meetinge
held in ye dwellinge house of Roger Lee in Clytherow
in ye County aforesd upon ye nth day of ffebry last
under Colour of Exercise of Religion in other manner
then according to ye Liturgy and practice of the
Church of England A pticular of such forfeitures as
have beene paid into the hands of ye sd Justices since
ye sd Qr. Sessions held at Preston amountinge in all
to ye sume of two pounds Seaven shillings & sixpence
his matys third pte of ye same beinge fiftiene shillings
& tenn pence tendred into ye Cort of ye genall Quarter
Sessions of the peace held at preston ye I2th day of
July 1683 And by ye Appointmte of ye same by the
sd Justices paid to Mr. Thomas Hodgkinson Deputy
Sherriffe for ye County afforesd to his Matis use.
John Aspinall of Standen
Roger Driver of Clytherow
Joane Burrow of Clytherow
Mar. Dudgdale of ye same
Edw Tomlinson of Gryndle-^
ton in Com. Ebor.
Rich. Armistead of Gisburne
in Com. Ebor.
Mar. Ingham of Sawley in Com.
Elz. Bulcock of Twiston
His Matis 3d pt of yt sd
Sum of 2li 75 6d is
oo 10 oo
oo 05 oo
oo 05 oo
oo 05 oo
00 10 00
oo 05 oo
00 02 06
oo 05 oo
02 07 06
150 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Wee the sd Justices doe here [torn]
I3th day of ffebry [torn]
of ye sevale porcons
The sevall and joynt Informacon of Hugh Wilkinson
of Howgill in ye pish of Gisborne and County of Yorke
husbandman and Thomas Danvers of ye same pish,
Labourer, taken upon Oath before Thomas Parker
Henry Marsden and Christopher Wilkinson Esqrs
three of his Matis Justices of peace for ye County of
Lancr afforesaid the Thirteenth day of ffebruary
Ano R. Regis Caroli Scdi nunc Angl &c xxxv Anoq.
Whoe upon theire Oathes sevally and joynt ly say
yt upon Sunday last being ye Eleaventh Day of this
Instant ffebruary they went into ye house of one
Roger Lee of Clitherow in ye County of Lancr afforesd
husbandman where they saw assembled together to ye
number of ffourteene psons and upwards men and
women ovr and beside those of ye family of ye sd
Roger Lee subjects of this Rea-me and all of them
above ye Age of Sixteene yeares and yt the sd psons
were assembled togethr undr Colour or ptence of
Exercise of Religion in othr manner then according
to ye Liturgy and practice of ye Church of England
amongst wch were John Aspinall of Standen in ye
County of Lancaster afforesd yeom. James paitefeild
of Clitherow afforesd labourer Edward Tomlinson
of Grinleton in ye County of Yorke yeom. William
Holgate of Sawley ye youngr in ye sd County, labourer
Elizabeth Bulcocke of Twist on in ye sd County of
Lancaster widdow Richard Armistead of Gisborne
in ye County of Yorke, Linnen Webster, and Margaret
Ingham of Sawley in ye sd County, Spinster, And these
Informts upon Oath furthr say yt ye sd Roger Lee
THE WITNESSING FACTS 151
was by and psent at ye sd meeting & Conventicle and
further say not.
Capt. et jurat apud
Coram nobis die et Ano
The sevall and joynt Informacon of John Dugdale
and Leonard Horner psent Constables of ye Borrow
of Clitherowe in ye County aforesd taken upon oath
before Thomas Parker Henry Marsden and Chrestopher
Wilkinson Esqrs. Three of his Matis Justices of peace
for ye County of Lancr afforesaid the thirteenth Day
of ffebry Anno RRs Caroli Scdi. nunc Angl. &c xxxv.
Anoq. Dom. 1682.
Who upon theire Oathes sevally and joyntly say
yt upon Sunday last being ye Eleaventh Day of this
Instant ffebruary they went into ye house of one
Roger Lee in Clitherow afforesd husbandman where
they saw assembled together to the number of ffour-
teene psons or upwards men & women over and besides
those of ye family of ye sd Roger Leigh subjects of
this Realme and all of them above ye age of sixtiene
yeares and yt ye sd psons were assembled together
undr Colour or ptence of Exercise of Religion in other
mannr then according to ye Liturgy and practice of
ye Church of England amongst wch were John Aspinall
of Standen in ye County afforesd yeom. Richard
Cowburne of Clitherow afforesd Labourer Joane
152 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Barrow of ye same Single woman Margarett Dugdale
of ye same widd. James Paitefeild of ye same Labourer
Anne the wife of Roger Lee ye younger of ye same
Isack Ashton of ye same Edward Tomlinson of Grinleton
in ye County of Yorke yeom. Christopher West of
WhalJey in the County of Lancaster Carpinter And
further say not.
Jo : Dugdale
Leonard X Horner.
Capt et jurat apud
Clitherow cora nobis
die et Ano. supradicit.
Tho : Parker
Decimo Octavo die Aprilis Ano R. Regis Carol!
Scdi nunc Ang. &c xxxv. Anoq. Dom. 1683.
Wee whose names are here under Subscribed three
of his Matis Justices of the peace for the said County
Doe hereby Certify that wee did upon the I3th day
of ffby last being the day of the Conviccon of the
Sevall psons menconed in the Record hereunto
affixed make out our Warrants for the levying of the
Sevall sumes in the sd Record imposed upon them for
their offences And did likewise make our Certificate
to the Bayliffes of the Borrough of Clitheroe withall
desireing them to Jssue out their Warrants for the
Levying of the fines menconed in the said Record and
imposed upon such psons as live in the sd Borrough
& stand Convicted of the offences in the sd Record
[The Record follows in Latin but it contains nothing
THE WITNESSING FACTS 153
The Informacon of Thomas Wilkinson and Anthony
Crosly of Gisborne in the County of Yorke, Labourer,
taken at Clitherow in the County of Lancaster before
Thomas Parker Christopher Wilkinson and Henry
Marsden Esqrs. three of his Matis Justices of ye peace
for ye sd County of Lancaster ye Thirteenth day of
february Ano R Regis Caroli Scdi nunc Angl. &c xxxv
Anoq. Dom. 1682.
Who upon theire Oathes joyntly and sevally say
that upon Sunday the Twenty Eight Day of January
last past they these Informants see A numerous
meeting or Conventicle undr Colour & pretence of
Religious Worshipp in other mannr then according
to ye Liturgy and practice of ye Church of England
at ye house of Elizabeth Bulcocke in Twiston in ye
County of Lancaster Widdow where were many more
then five persons above ye Age of sixtiene yeares ovr
and above those of ye same house hould subjects of
this Realme Contrary to a late Act of parlimt made
for suppressinge sedicious meetings and Conventicles
wherein amongst sevall othrs unknown to these In-
formts were Henry Bailey of Grinleton husbandman
John Scott Sonne of John Scott of Longamrow wthin
Sawley husbandman and Elizabeth Scott his sister
of ye same Spinster Margarett Ingham of Whalley
within Sawley afforesd Spinster Thomas Scott of
Easington husbandman Thomas Robinson of Gisborne,
Shopkeeper, John Baldwin of Howgill wthin ye Pish of
Gisborne afforesd Carpenter and Bridgett his wife
James Hoult of ye same Husbandman William Watson
of Middop husbandman and Margarett Watson his
mothr of ye same Thomas Driver of Gaisgill, hatter,
William Oddy of Martintop, Tanner, all in ye Ryde and
County of Yorke afforesd and these Informts upon
theire Oathes further say yt the sd Elizabeth Bulcock
154 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
was by and psent at ye sd meeting & Conventicle and
further say not
Thomas X Wilkinson
Anthony X Crosly
Capt. et jurat cora nobis
[torn] Anno supradict
Outside: "Thomas Wilkinson and Anthony Crosly s
Informacon taken att Clitheroe ye 13. feby 1682."
Decimo Octavo die Aprilis Ano R. Rs Car. Scdi.
mine Angl. &c. xxxv Anoq.
A Memoriall of the account of the moneys menconed
in the Record hereunto affixed certified by us Thomas
Parker Henry Marsden and Christopher Wilkinson
Esqrs three of his Matis Justices of the peace for the
County Pall, of Lancr. To the Genale Quartr Sessions
of the peace holden att Preston in Amoundernesse
the i gth instant (forfeited as in the said Record men-
coned) in an unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or
meetinge held in the dwelling house of Elizabeth
Bolcocke of Twiston in the said County widd. undr
Colour or Exercise of Religion in other manner then
according to the Liturgie and practice of the Church
of England upon Sunday the 28th day of January
A perticular of such forfeitures as hath been paid
into our hands amounting to the sume of 22! los his
Matis third part of the sume being 7!! los. tendered
into this Court att the Quarter Sessions aforesd and
by the appointmt of the same by the sd Justices paid
to Mr Thomas Hodgkinson Deputy Sherriffe for the
sd County for his Matis use
THE WITNESSING FACTS 155
Elizabeth Bulcocke for"!
suffering the sd 20 li oo oo
Conventicle to be held
in her house
William Watson oo 05 oo
Margt Watson oo 05 oo
William Oddy oo 05 oo
Jo Baldwin & his wife oo 10 oo
Thomas Scott oo 10 oo
James Holt oo 05 oo
Thomas Driver oo 10 oo
Summe 22 10 oo
his Matis third pte of 1 oy I0 00
ye sd sume of 22li los isj
Wee ye Justices doe hereby Certify that wee did
the I3th day of ffeby last being the day of the Con-
vicon of the sevall psons menconed in the Record
affixed make out our warrants for ye levying of the
Sevall sumes in the sd Record imposed upon them for
their offences but have not received any of the said
forfeitures save the pticuler sumes affixed to the names
of the psons last above menconed
[The official Latin document follows but it adds
To the Justices of ye Sessions
I Desire Justice of This
You are ye men ye Law hath provided to determine
matters Concerning this Act I desire you to take
Notice of ye abuse rong yt is done to Mee I have
156 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
been Marryed to my Husband this fourteen years
& ye King & his Counsell have allowed our Mariage
as I have It to show in his pardon under ye Broad
And ye Act doth say Expressly yt noe fame Covt/rt l
shall be fined above los & Contrary to ye words of ye
Act They have fined Mee 2oli & did make distress
of above 3oli worth of goods & sold them ye next
day & would not except of an appeale when It was
desired And This as wee are Informed by ye Oathes
of two men ; ye one of them known to be a Sheep
Stayler ; and ye othr kept Company with a woman
yt was hanged within this twelv month who confessed
to Justiss Dodding yt shee had stolen for him seven
Now I desire you to take these Things into your
Consideration why I may not have ye Liberty of my
Marriage as well as all our ffriends in England beside ;
& yt I must be made a widow yt they may abuse
Mee in my credit & reputation & also be ruined in
I & my poore ffriends desires Justiss at your hands
for They prosecute us wth two Acts at one Time ;
Contrary to ye Express words of ye Act ; & as I am
Informed delivers out two warrants upon one day
for two sevall Acts.
I doe not believe It is ye King s mind to have his
Ad Genal quar. Ssessionem pacis dni Regis tent p.
adjorn apud Wigan in Com. Lane. Scill. Octavo die
Octobris ano Regni. Regis dni Caroli Scdi Angl.
Fforasmuch as Richard Beesley of Aughton husb
and Thomas Harsnep of the same husb with sevall
1 A feme covert was a married woman who was under the protection
or cover of her husband. A feme sole was an unmarried woman.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 157
others stand indyted at the present Sessions ffor that
they the fowerteenth day of September last at Windle
in the County of Lancr by force and armes and Un
lawfully themselves did meete together and assemble
in a certen unlawfull meeting or Conventicle under
coulor and ptence of exercise of Religious Worship
in other manner then according to the liturgie and
practise of the Church of England to the evill and
pnitious example of others in contempt of the lawes
of this realme and Contrary to the forme of the Statute
in this case made & pvided These are therefore in his
Matis name straitly to Charg and Comaund you and
evy of you that you or some of you doe forthwth
upon receipt hereof take the said Richard Beesley
and Thomas Harsnep and them furthwith bring
before some of his Maties Justices of peace of this
County to find good and sufficient Suerties for there
and eyther of there psonall appearance att the next
genall quarter Sessions to bee holden at Wigan after
Christmas next then and there to answer the pmisses
and not to depart the Court without lycense and in
the meane tyme to bee of the good behavior and if
they or eyther of them refuse soe to doe then to convey
him or them soe refusing to the Comon Gaole at Lancr
there to remaine untill he soe refusing will willingly
doe the same See you ffaile not herein at yor pills.
To all Mayors
Subconstables and to
all other Sworne
Officers in the
County of Lane, but
more especially to
the Constables of Aughton
158 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
[Another in the same form date Oct. octavo
place Wigan] gives " Richard Cubham of Biccur-
staffe, husb. John Bispham of the same, husb. Godfrey
Atherton of the same husb. Daniell Bispham of the
same husb. George Shawe of the same, husb. stand
indyted with sevall others for that they at Windle
the fowerteenth day of September last by force &
armes unlawfully riotously and Routously did meete
Congregate & assemble in an unlawfull Company
Conventicle or Meeting c." Ordered to be brought
before His Majesty Justices to find " good and sufficient
suerties " for their appearance at the Wigan Sessions
Another same place & time gives " Alexander
Rylands of Winstanley, husb. Henry Winstanley l of the
same, husb. and James ffrodsam of the same, husb "
by force &c " att Windle Sept. 14 last," treated in
the same way.
Sr. Liverpool^ igth Januarie, 1683.
I have herewith sent you a Record of Conviction
of nine Quakers wch were apprhended at Everton
and Warrants are issued out for levyeinge of the fines.
I have alsoe inclosed an appeale wch came hither on
1 The Winstanleys were connected with the Cubham, Cropper, and
\Volsey families (vide p. 35, note i). James Winstanley of Winstanley,
lx>rn " ye 2gth of ye 3rd month in ye year 1651," was brought up in
the Church of England, but he joined the Quakers about 1688. He
travelled considerably in the ministry in Cheshire, Yorkshire, and the
West of England, and died " ye 3rd day of ye 6th month 1723 " at his
own house in Winstanley, being buried in the Friends burying place
at Hartshaw, aged 72 years. He married Rebekah Fell, daughter of
It is interesting to note that Margaret Cropper, who died in 1841,
married James Ryley, who was born at Clifton in the Fylde. Tin ir
son, James Ryley, married Hannah, daughter of George Crosneld of
Lancaster ; Eliza Ryley, a daughter, married William Crosneld, brother
of George Crosneld, from whom the Liverpool Crosfields spring ; and a
son, Thomas Cropper Ryley, married Eleanor, daughter of Ed\\.ir<l
Dawson, father of the late E. B. Dawson, of Aldcliffe Hall, Lancastt r.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 159
the 20th day of October last & was shewed to Alderman
Tarleton who then refused to Act as Justice of peace
for that his power lasted noe longer then his Maioraltie
wch ended the i8th October last hee is in Ireland &
deteyned there by Easterlye winds.
I have not any Recognizance to returne you ; onely
two Warrants have beene granted by Mr Mayor the
one directed to ye Constables of Great Crosby the
other to ye Constables of West darbye but I heare
not of their Service.
Humble Service is the rest from
Sr your obliged Servant
[On outside] : ffor my worthie freind Roger Kennion
Clarke of ye Peace
[The document in Latin is faded. The names
appear to be as follows : William Leigh of Evert on,
Shoemaker, Griffith Owen of Prescot, Chemist, Thomas
Hiccocke of - - husbandman, Thomas Harrison de
Knowsley husbandman William Booth of Knowsley
husbandman James Laithwaite of Knowsley, Shoe
maker James Yong of Westdarby, Mason, William
Buck of Liverpoole, Marriner & Jennet Whitehead als
Pye de Liverpool Spinster with many others.
March 28th 1684.
Latin document containing these names :
William Gandy of Liverpool yeom. Susana Cleave-
land of Liverpool, vid. ffrancis Tempest of Liverpool
vid. Lawrence Myers of Liverpool Mariner Daniel
Dwarrihouse (?) of Liverpool, joyner, Edwardus Strange
of Kirkdale, Stonegetter, Jacobus Cheshire of Kirkdale,
taylor, & Ellen uxor ejus Thomas Cheshire of West-
darbie, Millwright, Maria Swift of Westdarby vid.
Maria Robinson of Toxteth parke, vid. Thomas Whit-
i6o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
field of Toxteth park husbandm. Edwardus Potter of
Wavertree yeom et Margareta uxor eius & Elizabetha
Gibbons uxor Robert! Gibbons of Walton husbandm
cum multis aliis ad numeris vigint trium in house
of Wm Gandy.
Deborah Whit field, Georgius Thompson Beniamin
Millington, Thompson Brownfield should be added
Fines were inflicted.
1684 (October bundle).
Ad. Gen. &c. Vicesimo primo die July 1684.
fforasmuch as John Barnes of Warrington Iremonger
Alice his wife John Gibson of the same, lynnen webster,
Elizabeth his wife Hugh Crosley of the same, Grocer
Gilbt Potter of the same, Grocer, John Chorley of the
same distiller Ellen his wife Samuel Dunbaben of the
same, Shoemaker, Elizabeth Barnes of the same Spinster
Margret Dunbaben of the same spinster Richard
Holecraft of the same, maulster, Esther his wife Mathias
ffoster of the same, mercer, willm Crawdson of the
same husb. Roger Haydock of the same husb. Ellenor
his wife Thomas Whitwham of the same, grocer, Rebecca
Whitwham of the same spinster Elizabeth until (?)
of the same Martha Goomes of the same spinster
Nathaniell Disbrowe of the same gentl. John Dunbabm
of the same James Wright of the same & Susan his
wife stand indyted at this prsent Sessions for that
they wth sevall others to the [. . .] unknowne by
force & armes riotously routously and unlawfully at
Warrington the twentie fifth day of May last them
selves did come together Congregate and assemble
under Coulor and ptence of exercise of Religion in
other manner then according to the liturgie and
practice of the Church of England to the evill and
pnitious [example] of others in the like case offending
in contempt of the laws of this land Contrary to his
Matie and agt the forme of the Statute. These are
THE WITNESSING FACTS 161
therefore in his Matis name straitly to Charg and
Comand you and evy of you ioyntly and sevally that
you or some of you doe take all the psons before named
and them furthwth bring before some of his Matis
Justices of peace to find good and sufficient suerties
for their psonall appearance before his Matis Justices
of the peace at the next Genall quarter Sessions of the
peace to bee holden at Wigan after Michaelmas next
then and there to answer the pmisses & from thence
not to depart the Court without lycense and in the
mean time to bee of the good behaviour And if they
or any of them refuse soe to doe then you are to convey
or cause to bee Conveyed without any further Wart
him her or them to his Matis Comon. Gaole at Lancr
there to remaine untill he she or they soe refuseing
will doe the same. See you faile not herein at yor pill
To all Mayrs Bayliffs Constables Subconstables & to all
other his Matis Sworne officers in the said County but
more especially to the Constables of Warrington &
to evy of them
The psent ments of the Constables of Bolton att the
Quarter Sessions att Manchester the sixtenth day of
The high wayes within our towne are in good
Mr Roger Thropp \ for
Mr James Leaver I keeping
Mr Leaver vicar of Bolton J gray hounds.
Wee know of none that keepe Guns Spaniels Setting
dogs or other Engines for destroying of game.
Wach and ward hath been truly kept and observed.
The ale houses within our towne are all Licenced
and keep Good Order.
162 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Wee know of no Common Drunkards Swearers nor
Wee psent Nathaniel Attherton Grocer, Samuel his
apprentice Esther Worthington, his servant maid ;
Also John Ashton and his wife Quakers.
Also John Sharpies of Bolton husbandman for
Loytering on ye Lord s day.
We have no further psent that we know of
James Rhodes I Constables
John Smith J of Bolton.
Be pleased you Magistrats heare present to See these
ffollowinge Lines be Read before you. Some time
agoe I beinge at the Buriall of the wife of my freinde
Henry Tomlinson of Crosmore in the field in the
buriall place for that purpose and there Behoulding
the Lightness and Ariness of Severall present far
unbecominge Christyons and the more espetially the
occation of being theire Considered was mayd willinge
to Reprove them openly and exhort to yt which is
good, that Sobriety and fruites of Christ yon fforth
might appeare, ffor which By a warrant from Justice
Longworth (Soe called) I was apprehended and taken
before him who Imposed a fine of twentie pounds
upon mee for preachinge & allsoe forth with by
Mittimus ordered mee to the house of Correction by
a Constable theare to remaine untill the next quartr
Sessions, att which time I was brought before the
Magsts who tendered the Oaths to mee wch in obadyance
to Christ s comand I refuseinge to take was for that
and for Refuseinge to plead to a Certaine Bill of In-
dictmts (as it is alledged) ordered to the Goale heare
at lancaster wheare now I remaine prisoner.
This simple statemt I recomend to yor Serious
Consideration and have hope you will take notice
THE WITNESSING FACTS 163
how Severely I have been dealt withall and grant
mee my liberty Consideringe (I have hurt, wronged
nor offered violence to any man. But now truly
wisheth the good of all men and) that mearly ffor
Reproveinge vanity and evill and Comendinge
Sobriety and that wch is good I am not only fined
(and fines leveyed) but Imprisoned and ordered from
prison to prison I desire the royall Law may be before
your eyes that to mee you may doe what you would
others might doe to you in Like case
ffrom a prisoner
yt desireth the
of all psent
the 13 ii month 1684
A Memoriall of the Accompt of the Moneys Menconed
in the three Sevall Records certified att the quarter
Sessions of the peace holden att preston on Thursday
the I5th day of January Anno R Rs. Caroli Scdi Angl.
&c xxxvi Anoq Dni 1684 by Raph Longworth Esqr
one of his Majtis Justices of the peace for the said
County of Lane, forfeited as in the said Record is
mentioned as followeth :
Imps att a Conventicle holden att the House of
John Townson in Out Rawcliffe the 28th day of
September 1684 the fynes forfeited in yt Record doe
Amount to twenty and three pounds 23li oo-oo.
Itm At Another Conventicle holden att a place called
Brewers yard the 5th day of October 1684 within the
Towpp of Eccleston pva cu Larbricke there is forfeited
as in the Record is mentioned the sume of fforty three
pounds ten shillings 43!! los. ood.
Itm att another Conventicle holden att the Howse
of Thomas Tomlinson in Inskipp cu Sowerby the I2th
164 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
day of November 1684 there is forfeited as in that
Record is mentioned the sume of 43li los. ood.
And by a Record certified the same Sessions by
Alex Rigby Chrofer Parker and the said Raph Long-
worth Esqrs three of his said Majtis Justices of the
peace att a Conventicle holden att the House of the
said John Townson the igth day of October 1684
theire is forfeited as in that Record is mentioned the
sume of Twenty fower pounds fnftiene shillings
24!! 155. ood.
Toto i34li 155. ood.
There is pa yd in part into the hands of the said
Raph Longworth the Sume of flirty Eight pounds,
the King s 3d pte whereof now paid into the said
Court of quarter Sessions by the said Raph Longworth
for his Majtis use comes to iQli 6s. 8d.
The said Raph Longworth Sayth that warrants
are (longe since) gone out for levying the sumes above
menconed But he hath received noe more thereof
then is above expressed But he is informed that the
Goods of the Sevall offenders are taken wch remayne
in the officers hands for want of Buyers.
Sessions held at Wigan Jany 19, 1684-5.
John Barnes Alice his wife & the others mentioned
in a previous document all of Warrington are to find
sureties for appearance at next Quarter Sessions to
be held at Wigan.
Com. Lane. Ss.
A memoriall of ye account of ye moneys menconed
in ye Record Certifyed att ye Quarter Sessions of ye
peace holden att Wigan for ye Hundreds of Derby
& Leyland within ye County afforesd.
On Tuesday being ye 20th day of January Ano Dni
1684-5 by me Sr. Richard Standish of Duxbury
THE WITNESSING FACTS 165
Bartt one of ye King s Matis Justices of ye peace and
Quor. for ye sd County of Lancaster forfeited (as in
ye sd Record is menconed) in an assembly holden
in ye dwelling house of Thomas Holland of heath
Charnock in ye pish of Standish in ye County afforesd
under Collure of Exercise of Religion in other maner
than according to ye Liturgy of ye Church of England
upon ye ffifteenth day of October Ano Dni. 1684.
His Matis third part of ye sd forfeitures by ye said
Justice tendred into ye Court of ye Quarter Sessions
of ye Peace holden att Wiggan afforesd for ye sd
Hundreds of Derby and Leyland in ye County afforesd
Ano 1684-5 an d by appointmt of ye sd Court paid
to ye Sherife.
Reed of Jno parre of Exton within ye
pish of Leyland & County afforesd Cler. 1 ye
sume of 61i 155. od. being his Matis third li s d
part of ye sd fforfeiture . . . . 06 15 oo
ffrom Thomas ffinch of Rivington reced
the sume of 255, being pd for himself and
others menconed in ye sd Record his Matis
third part whereof commeth to . .00 08 04
ffrom Seth Taylor of Coppull reced ye
sume of 253. being pd for himself & others
menconed in ye sd Record his Majtis third
part whereof cometh to . . . . oo 08 04
In all . . 07 ii 08
The sd Sr Richard Standish doth say yt as for ye
nine forfeited by ye sd Thomas Holland he hath not
as yet received any pte thereof though he sent out
his Warrtt of distresse ye first day of November last.
Jany. the ijth 84/5.
Then Reed into his Matis Goall att Lane, the Bodyes
of Henry Hargr eaves Jo. Hargreaves Alice Hargreaves
1 Vide p. 72, note i.
166 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Abraham Heyworth Rich. Mather Willm Jackson
& James Ratclife all comitted By vertue of a warrant
ffrom Manchester Sessions.
I say reed the Parsons above sayd ffrom the Coun-
stabill of Todington,
Ad Genalim quartrat Session, pacis tent, apud
Mancestria in Com. pal. Lane. p. Com pd scilt. Die
Jovis decimo sixto die Octobris Anno R Rs dni Carol!
scdi Angl &c. xxxvi 1684.
fforasmuch as Henry Hargreaves of Haslingdin,
Webster, John Hargreaves of the same, webster, Ann
Hargreaves of the same Alice Hargreaves of the same
spinster Elizabeth Hargreaves of the same spinster
Abraham Heyworth of Rossendale, husb. Richard
Mather of Ratcliffe, Cloathworker, William Jackson
of Bury, feltmaker, and James Ratcliffe of Musbury,
Husb. wth many others Malefactors and Disturbers
of the Peace to the number of thirtie eight psons att
Haslingden wth intent the peace of or Sovaigne the
Kinge to disturbe themselves by force and Armes
riotously and unlawfully did assemble and congregate
under Color and ptence of Exercise of Religion in
other Maner then accordinge to the Lithurgie and
practice of the Church of England Contrary to the
forme of the Statute in this case made & pvided to
the evill example of all others and Contrary to the
King s peace Theise are therefore in his Matis Name
strictly to charge & comand you & every of you joyntly
or severally that you or some of you doe forthwith
upon receipt hereof take them the said Hen. Hargreaves
John Hargreaves Anne Hargreaves Alice Hargreaves
Elizabeth Hargreaves Abraham Heyworth Richard
Mather William Jackson and James Ratcliffe and
them forthwith bringe before some of his Matis Justices
THE WITNESSING FACTS 167
of the peace to find good and sufficient sureties for
their and evry of their psonall appearance att the
next Genall Quarter Sessions to bee holden att
Manchester after Christmas next then and there to
answer these Misdemeanors and from thence not to
dept the Court without Lycense and in the meane
tyme to bee of the good behavior And yt they or any
of them refuse soe to doe then you are to convey him
her or them soe refuseing without expecting any
further wart to the Comon Goale att Lancr. there
to remaine untill they will doe the same See you faile
not herein att your pills.
To all Majors Bayliffes Constables Subconstables
and to all other his Matis Sworne officers in the sd
County but especially to the Constables of Haslingden
and Graves of Rossendale Constables of Ratcliffe
Bury & Musbury and to every of them These to bee
sent from one to another.
Ad. Gen. Oct. 17, 1684.
fforasmuch as James Ratcliffe of Musbury husband
man Mary his wife Henry Crooke of Haslingden Cloth-
worker Nicholas Rawstorne of Altden husbandman
John Rawstorne of the same Husbandman with many
others offenders & disturbers of the peace of our
Soveraigne Lord the Kinge Stands Indited at the
psent Sessions for that they uppon the Lord s Day
Comonly Called Sunday at Musbury in the County
afforesd with intent the peace of our Sovraigne Lord
the King to disturbe themselves by force & Armes
Riotously & Routously and unlawfully did assemble
and come to gather under Colour and ptence of exercise
of Religion in other maner then accordinge to the
liturgie and practice of the Church of England &
Contrary to the fforme of the Statute in this case
made & pvided to the evill example of others
168 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Contrary to the King s peace These are therefore in
his Matis name strictly to Charge & Comand you
& every of you joyntly & severally that you or some
of you doe forth with upon receipte hereof take the
said James Ratcliffe Mary his wife Henry Crooke
Nicholas Rawstorne and John Rawstorne and them
forthwith bringe before some of his Matis Justices
of peace of this County to ffinde good & sufficient
suerties for theire & every of there psonall appearance
at the next Genall quarter Sessions of the peace to
bee holden at Manchester after Christmas next then and
there to Answer the said Misdemers & not to depart
the Court without license & in the mene time every
of them to bee of theire good behavior & if they or
anie of them refuse soe to doe that then you are without
expcctinge anie further warrant to Convey or Cause
them to bee safely Conveyed to the Comon Goale at
Lancr. there to rcmaine untill they will doe the same
See you faile not herein at your pill.
To all Maiors Bayliffes (vera copia) Constables
Subconstables and to all other Sworne Officers in the
County of Lane, but more especially to the Constables
of Musbury, Haslingden & Altden & to any of them.
Ad Gen. at Ormskirk May. 4, 1685.
fforasmuch as at a Genall quarter Sessions of the
peace held at Wigan in January last William Darbe-
shire the eldr husb. Jeffrey Heaton husb. James
Barton husb. Peter Winstanley husb. Thomas Lathome
husb. John Lathome, tanner, Danniell Lyon husb.
William Heward the elder husb. John Barton, Naylor,
Lawrence Winstanley the younger husb. John
Unsworth husb. William Winstanley husb. together
wth others stand Indicted for that they by force &
armes & riotously did pull downe a certaine building
THE WITNESSING FACTS 169
in Billing called Brownlow Schoole Contrary to the
peace of or Soveraigne Ld the King & Contrary to the
forme of the Statute in that case made & pvided These
are therefore in his Matis name to charge & comand
you & every of you upon receipt hereof to apphend
the sevall psons abovemenconed & them bring before
the next Justice of peace for this County to find
sufficient suretys for their psonall apparance at the
next genall quarter Sessions of the peace to be held
at Ormke to answer the pmisses & in the meantyme
to be of the good behaviour & not depart the Court
wthout Lycence & if they or any of them refuse soe
to doe then you are to Convey them soe refuseing
to the Comon Gaole at Lancr. there to remaine untill
they shall willingly doe the same.
To the Constables of
St Michaells n Jan. 1685.
My Collonell Capt. parker and myself e having
lately sent out our warrt for levying thirteen pounds
fowertien shillings and Nynepence upon the Goods
of John Townson of Out Rawcliffe being the remaynder
of Twenty pounds by him forfeited for suffering a
Conventicle to bee held in his house And having now
reed a Scurrilous canting letter from one Weaver a
quaker of his fraternity reflecting upon Majestracy
and he liveing in Lancr I thought good to send it to
you att yr Sessions desireing you (if you thinke it fitt)
to send for him before you & to make him fynd suerties
for his good behavioyr or otherwise to deale wth him
as in yor Judgmts you shall deeme it convenient I
shall noe further trouble yor more serious affaires,
only assuring you you may easily comand the like
170 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
from the other two Gent, concerned and soe subscribe
yor reall freend
& most humble
If the concerne
My good friend
Mr. Mayor of Lancr.
I know heele doe
what you think
My occasions being last weeke to Poolton there
light of a report of ye [torn] had caused to be taken
from John Towlnson of Rawcliffe as many [torn] to
ye value of 2oli for wch I was heartily sorry yt yu
should concerne youselfe in persecuteing an innocent
people for mattr of Conscience or wpp of God You
may read ye end of Haman in takeing ye occasion
against Mordecai & how God Chastised Nebukadnezer
yt great King for afflicting God s chosen people &
many more Examples in ye holy Scripture which were
written for our Examples & learning, ffor persecution
is dishonourable & hath been in all ages & is now in
our day & ye persecucon [torn] will be recorded as
theirs yt have gone before you which will be [torn]
strucke & a reproach to you as long as yu live & yr
posterity after [torn]. You exceed all ye Justices of
Peace in all our Country at this very Juncture of time
when it hath pleased our Gratious Prince to pass by
such offences It were well considered of yu to send
to your Neighbour his goods againe before they be
sould & doe as you would be done unto. You would
thinke it hard to be dealt Soe with which is certaine
that with what measure yu mete it shall be measured
THE WITNESSING FACTS 171
to yu againe If wee must believe our Saviour s words.
I shall not be tedious but pray to God to turne yr
hearte & open your eyes that you may doe yt wch is
well pleasing to God which is your duty I had a desire
to come by your house, but time would not permitt
mee ffare you well, I am
Yor ffriend & Servt
yt hath God s Chastizements &
there-ffore warn you.
ye 4, 1685-6.
his honoured ffreind Justice
Longworth neare St.
To be left at Richard
Roe s in Garstange to
be sent as above directed
with care & speed
Att the Generall Quarter Sessions of ye peace holden
att Preston the I4th day of January Ano R Rs Jacobis
Scdi Angl. primo Anoq Dni. 1685. Received fines
from the quakers att their sevall Conventicles holden
within the parish of St. Michaells the sume of Seaventien
pounds Nyne shillings and six pence.
The King s third pte whereof now paid") 1. s. d.
into the said Court of quarter Sessions is . [ 05 16 6
By me J
Memorand. That upon the Twentieth day of
July Instant And in the first yeare of the Reigne of
172 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
or Soveraigne Lord James the Second by the Grace
of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King
Defendr of the faith &c Robert Chadwick of Man
chester in the said County of Lancr Clarke And John
Hall of Manchester Aforesaid Appothecary Came
before me George Halsted Esqr 0113 of his Majestis
Justices of Peace for the said County and tooke their
Corporall Oathes before me According to the forme
of an Act of Parliamt Intituled an Act to prevent
and Suppresse Seditious Conventicles That James
Wilde Isaac Mosse Senr. Mary Gartside Widdow
Nathaniell Eaton Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr Mary
Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and Elizabeth Moore All
of Manchester in the County aforesaid And John
Eckles Late of London All and Every of them being
of the Age of Sixtiene yeares and upwards And subjects
of this Realme were on Sunday the Twelfth day of
July last past Assembled and present In the Mancon
house of Ralph Ridgway of Manchester aforesaid Hosier
at an Unlawfull Assembly Conventicle or meeting
under ptence of Religious Worshippe In other maner
than According to the Lyturgy and practice of the
Church of England Contrary to the Act aforesaid
Whereupon the said Justice doe adjudge the said
Ralph Ridgeway Convict for Willingly and voluntarily
suffering the said Conventicle or Unlawfull meeting
to be held in his house aforesaid Contrary to the forme
of the Statute aforesaid And doe therefore Impose
upon him the fine of Twenty pounds According to the
said Act And I doe Likewise declare and adjudge
the said other Offenders Convict for their unlawfull
assembling and being present at the said unlawfull
Conventicle meeting or Assembly And doe Impose
upon them the Severall fines hereafter Sett upon
them (to witt) upon the said Mary Wattson and John
Eckles the Severall fynes of five shillings A peece being
the first time (for aught appears to me) of their Con
viction for the said offence And upon the said James
THE WITNESSING FACTS 173
Wilde Issaac Mose scnr. Mary Gartside, Nathaniell
Eaton Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr Elizabeth Moncke
and Elizabeth Moore the Severall fynes of Tenne
Shillings A peece for their said offence being the second
time or more of their Conviction And for that in my
Judgement I doe thinke that the said James Wilde
Mary Gartside Mary Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and
John Eckles poore and unable to pay the severall
fynes Imposed upon them for there said offences
as aforesaid I doe therefore adjudge them to be Levyed
in manner and forme following That is to say the
fynes of James Wilde and Mary Gartside to be Leveyed
upon the Goods and Chattells of the said Nathaniell
Eaton over and besides his owne fyne And the fynes
of Mary Wattson Elizabeth Moncke and John Eckles
to be leveyed upon the goods and Chattells of the
said Isaac Mosse senr over and besides his owne ffyne
And for that Mary wife of Isaac Mosse junr is A fame
Covert Cohabiting with her Husband I doe therefore
Adjudge her said fyne to be Leveyed upon the Goods
and Chattells of the said Husband. In Testimony
whereof I the said George Halsted have Hereunto Sett
my hand and Seale the day and yeare first above written.
April xxii 1686.
James Critchlowe informs against Jane Rootledge
of Manchester Joseph Houghton Roger Chadwick
Roger fHetcher Ellis Sweetelove Robert Nicholson
Nathaniel Sefton Thomas Bradshaw William Horrockes
and Richard Surges for " offences layed or menconed
to bee layed in the Informacon upon the penall Lawes
of this Kingdome." No further information given
and offences were committed March 10. 1685-6.
The Evidence Concerning the Convicon of Thomas
Skerrow of the Cross in Wray yeoman for his wittingly
174 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
and willingly suffering an unlawfull assembly meeting
or Conventicle in his dwelling house at Wray afforesd
upon Sunday the nth day of July 1686 as followeth
Andrew Brown of Hornby in ye County of Lancr.
yeoman beeing sworne and examined saith that upon
Saturday the loth day of July 1686 this Examinant
did Informe mee Thomas Lord Morley and Mount-
eagle Baron of Rye one of his Matis Justices of the
peace and quoru. for the said County that hee this
examinant did believe that upon the day following
beeing Sunday ye nth of ye sd month of July last
past there would bee an assembly meeting or Con
venticle held at the dwelling house of the sd Tho.
Skerrow of ye Cross under Colour of Exercise of religion
in other maner then according to the Liturgy and
practice of the Church of England whereupon this
Examinant by vertue of a warrant under the hand and
Scale of the said Justice to this Examinant ye Con
stable of Wray and others directed in yt behalfe for
suppressing the same upon the said Sunday this
Examinant did repaire to Wray afforesd But hee not
finding the said Constable at home when hee came
first thither upon his owne accord went into ye dwelling
house of the said Thomas Skerrow to search for such
Conventicle where he this Examinant saith yt then
and there hee found assembled as afforesaid one
Marmaduke Tatham Tho Skerrow, Tylers, Alice ye
wife of Thomas Skerrow at Nooke and others to ye
Number of ffowerty psons & upwards Over and besides
ye said Thomas Skerrow de Cross and them of ye
household of ye said Thomas Skerrow of the Cross
whose names this Examinant doth not know.
Christopher Skerrow of Wray afforesaid yeoman &
Constable of Wray afforesaid being sworne & examined
as to the pmisses saith yt upon Sunday ye nth of
July last past being the Lord s day about one of the
Clocke in the afternoon of the same day hee this
Examinant being come home to his owne house in
THE WITNESSING FACTS 175
Wray afforesaid from Divine Service att Hornby
Chappell the said Andrew Brown did come to him and
acquaint him that hee had been at Tho. Skerrow s
house of the Cross by vertue of the sd Justice his
Warrt where hee had found a great number of people
in a Conventicle assembled and by vertue of this Ex-
aminant office and of ye said Warrant this Examinant
did furthwth repaire to ye said house together with
the said Andrew to suppress the said Conventicle.
But before they cold come to ye said house hee ye sd
Examinant and ye said Andrew Brown pceived the
said Conventicle to bee broaken up for yt this Ex
aminant and the said Andrew Brown did see to ye
Number of ffowerty psons & upwards coming out of
[rubbed out] house of the said Thomas Skerrow de
Cross and about the doores and forefront thereof
the psons before menconed together [torn] Robt.
Glovers being pell [parcel] of the Number afforesaid.
And the rest of the said psons ye said Examinant
knows not but hee beleeves yt they had met under
Colour of Exercise of religion in other maner then
according to ye Lyturgy and practice of the Church
of England and yt afterwards hee this Examinant
saith yt hee heard ye said Robt Glovers confess to
ye meeting afforesaid And that the said Robt. Glovers
did say further what a blind Rouge or blind tyke
was yt Andrew Brown yt cold not see him ye said
Robt. sitting upon a Sconne (?) in ye said house at this
said meeting upon the said nth of July last.
The Evidence and Examinacon abovesd taken
before mee the 4th day of October 1686 as Witness
my hand & Seale
Morley & Monteagle.
A Memoriall of the Accompts of the moneys menconed
in the Record certified at the Quarter Sessions of the
peace holden at Lancaster for the said County of
Lancaster upon Tuesday the Thirtieth day of July
176 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
last past by the Right Honorable Thomas Lord Morley
and Mounteagle Baron of Rye one of his Matis Justices
of the peace & Quor. for the said County forfeited (as
in the said Record is menconed) in & by an Assembly
holden in and about the dwelling House of Thomas
Skerrow of the Cross in Wray in the parish of Mellin
and County afforesaid Under Colour of Religion in
other Maner then according to the Liturgy of the
Church of England upon Sunday the Elleaventh day
of July last past Ano dni 1686.
His Matis third part of the said (forfeitures by the
said Justice tendered into the Corte of the Genall
Sessions of the peace holden for the said County at
Lancaster afforesaid upon Tuesday the ffifth day of
October Anno Dni 1686 And by the appointmt of ye
same by the said Justice payd to ye Clerke of ye peace
& by him payd over to Mr. Pigott under Sherriffe of
the said County to his Matis use vizt.
Thomas Skerrow Tylr xxd.
Marmaduke Tat ham xxd.
and [blank] xxd.
Thomae Skerrow de
All which was Levied &
payd to the said Justice
since the last Generall
Quarter Sessions of the
peace holden for the
said County at Lancaster
afforesaid vizt. xiij die
July Ano dni 1686
Sum Total. vjs. viijd.
And as concerning the money in the said Record
Menconed to bee payable by the above said Thomas
Skerrow of the Cross & his Matis Third part thereof
cometh to six pounds Thirteen shillings & ffower
pence The said Justice saith that hee did upon the
THE WITNESSING FACTS 177
Elleaventh day of July last past (being the day of
the Convicon of the psons afforesaid for their offences
in the said Record Menconed) make out his warrant
for levieing thereof And the sume by vertue thereof
was levied & payd to the afforesaid Justice But the
said Thomas Skerrow of the Cross hath thereupon
appealed from the said Justice to the Judgement
of the Justices of this psent Genall Quarter Sessions
of the peace held at Lancaster And further Concerning
the forfeiture of the said Six pounds Thirteen shillings
& fower pence the said Thomas Lord Morley & Mount-
eagle cannot say till the said appeale bee tried And
as Concerning the rest of the psons menconed in the
said Record to bee unknown They nor any of them
are as yet to the said Justice discovered Although
the said Justice hath made diligent Inquiry for the
discovery of them.
Morley & Mount eagle.
[The Memorandum to the Skerrow document is in
Latin, somewhat torn, and contains nothing fresh.]
A Request to you his Majestis Justices ffor the peace
within this hundred of Darby.
Whereas Severall goods by warrt ffrom Richard
Atherton Peter Bould & John Entwisle to ye Con
stables of Windle in the parish of prescot ware Seazed
for a fine of 2oli upon ye Con vent ic. Act by Henry
Darbishire Constable &c which sd goods wee have
a Seduall of togather with a Coppie of ye warrt to
present to you if Seen fit so far as wee can pceive wear
not disposed of as yt law provids viz 3d to the Kinge
3d to ye poore & 3d to ye Informars but ware left
in ye Custody of Will Heyes of Hartshaw within Windle
Inkeeper who hath lent part of the sd goods to some
of us (durant placet) [during pleasure].
But ye remaindr wee know not Certainly whats
178 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Bee pleased yt Henry Darbishire now balife of ye
hundreth be examined concerning the sd goods Bee
pleased as the Kinge hath been soe kind to remt ffines
upon ye Conventicle Act tho retorned into the ex-
cheqr since the time of his Raigne to grant yor ordr
upon Henry Darbishire & William Heyes ffor ye
Restatution of ye sd goods.
To yor well wishing
1 8th instant Richard Cubban
5mo 1687. Godfrey Atherton
(Those pties that levyed
or have the goods to
give an account
George Shaw of Bicurstaff in ye County of Lane,
yeoman hath been formerly convicted for his being
psent at an assembly under Couler & ptence of ye
exercise of religion in other manner than according
to the liturgy & practice of ye Church of England in
a certaine stone building neer St. Hellens Chappell
in Windle called ye Quakers meeting house & was
at ye same time also convicted as owner of the same
house for wilfull & wittingly pmitting the sd assembly
& conventicle in ye same house for wch he was fined
ye sum of 2oli which hitherto could not or has not
been neclected to be levyed And beeing now further
informed by ye Confession of Roger Taylor inhabiting
in ye sd house yt he farmeth ye same house from ye
said George Shaw wherein upon our owne view wee
do find Severall formes tables & wainscotes in ye
possession of ye sd owner These are therefore to will
& require you & in his Matis name strictly to charge
& comand yu imediately upon receipt hereof to enter
into ye sd stone building & upon rcfusall to open the
THE WITNESSING FACTS 179
doores thereof that you break open & enter thereinto
& upon ye sd formes Tables & Waniscots then & there
found you levy the sd sume of 2oli by distresse &
Sale of ye sd goods & return ye same together with
this pcept to us or any one of us to be distributed
according to law. Given under our hands & Scales
at Windle the first day of December in the 36th yeare
of ye Raigne of our Sovraigne Lord King Charles ye
2d by ye grace of God over Eng. &c Ano Dom. 1684.
To all & every ye
& Overseers of ye Poore
within the parish
of Prescote & especially
to ye Constables of Windle
& every one of them these.
Deceb. 6th (84).
Goods seized by Vertue of Warrt being taken in
the Quakers building in Hartshaw within Windle
in Prescote Parrish as followeth :
Imps Twenty fforms . .200
It. Twelve window lidds .140
It. One joyse . . .006
It. Six half inch boards .026
It. one whole board . .006
It. Ten peices of board .006
It. Three Doores . .0160
It. Two Tables . . .100
It. Latts . . . .006
It. nayles gudions & paper .008
i8o QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Valued by us ye day &
yeare above said
Samuel Clarke Vera Copia
[Outside this document as follows]:
Coppy of want & Inventory
of ye goods taken out of
meeting house in Hartshaw.
Upon the Complaint of Peter Robinson ffarmer of
the Great Tythes ariseing within the Townships of
Newton Cum Scales in the Sa County James Hall
and William Brown both of ffrickleton in the County
aforesa Quakers were by warrant under our hands and
Scales this day Convened before us here of his Maties
Justices of the Peace for this County for refusing to
pay or compound for theer Great Tythes already
arisen and become due within the Said Townships of
Newton Cu Scales And it appearing unto us upon the
Examination of Severale Wittnesses upon both in ye
prsence und hearing of the said Quakers that the Tythe
or Furth part of all the Come and Graine of the Said
James Hall and William Brown Respond in Newton
Cum Scales aforesd in the months of September and
October last have consisted of six thraves and six
sheaves of Oatt of the value of one pound and fowr
shillings one thrave and six sheaves of Barley of the
value of two shillings and six pence ffive thraves and
twenty sheaves of Bran of the value of fourteen shillings
which in all amounts to the sume of ffortie shillings and
six pence which said Tythes they the sd Quakers have
subtracted and Refused to pay or Compound for Wee
do therefore hereby declare the said Sume of ffortie
shillings and six pence to be due unto the said ffarmer
as a Reasonable allowance for the said Tythes And
do order them the said James Hall & William Bmwn
THE WITNESSING FACTS 181
furthwth upon sight hereof to pay the Same unto him
the said Peter Robinson And if they neglect or refuse
so to do and furthwith to Enter their Appeal against
the above written Judgment or Order Then you are
hereby authorizd and Requrred to Levy the said
Sume of ffortie shillings and six pence by distress and
Sale of the Goods and Chattells of the said Quakers
and make payment thereof to the said Peter Robinson
Rendring to the sd Quakers the Overplus if any be
after the said Sale & payment necessary charges of
distraining being therrout first deducted and by us
allowed and for your so doing this shall be your
sufficient warrant Given under our hands and -Seals
at Preston the Eleventh day of November Ano M,
Domini with certif . Angl. and unidecimo Anoqr Domini
To the Constables of Edw. Rigbye.
ffrickleton. Jo. Walmesley.
Confirmed on leaving
twenty shillings costs.
(3) BUILDINGS REGISTERED
The following are from the Kenyon MSS. and give
the Registrations in 1689 :
Meeting Houses for Quakers within this county,
certified and recorded, viz :
A house in Lancaster
William Higginson s house of Yelland.
Thomas Wither s house of Kellet.
A house att Marsden.
A house in the forrest of Rossendale.
A house in Ouldham parish.
John Townson s house in Ratcliffe
William Eccleston s house in Great Singleton.
Lawrence Coulborne s house of Freckleton.
Alexander Sailesbury s house at Wediker.
John Procter s house of Dunishaw.
182 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
A house att Penketh in Prescott parish.
A house att Hartshaw in the same parish.
A house att Buccurstaff in Ormskirk parish.
One roome in Manchester.
James Jamson s house in Preston.
Mathew Read s house in Mitton parish.
Thomas Dilworth s house of Bradley.
Certified by Henry Coward.
A new building upon Swarthmore.
Colt House in Hawkeshead parish.
George Benson s house at Stangend in Hawkeshead
The Height in Newton in Cartmell parish.
John GurnelTs house att Spooner Close in Hawkes
James Harrison s house att Collingfield in Cartmell
parish. Certified by Leonard Fell.
A chamber belonging to Ralph Ridgeway at the
upper end of the Smithy Doore in Manchester.
Henry Janney s house in Heaton Norris.
Certified by James Stretell
[Hist. MSS. Report. i2th Appendix, Part VII.,
pp. 230, 231.]
The following are again from the Sessions Records.
At Lane. April 1691.
Thomas Holline of Flookburrough for himself &
others a Congregation of Quakers intends his own
dwelling as a meeting place.
Allo. [allowed] April 21, 1691.
January 18 1691-2 at Wigan.*
Ellis Makant of Abram in the County of Lancr
on behalfe and by appointmt of Mrs Abigaill Crook
THE WITNESSING FACTS
& the rest of a Congregation of protestants dissenting
from the Church of England according to a Statute
made in the first yeare of theire now Majis raigne
doth certifye that ye now dwelling house of Mrs Abigail
Crook in Abram comonly called the hall of Abram
is appointed a meeting place for religious worshipp
and humbly offered to this Court to be enrolled for
These are to Certifie their Matis Justices of the
peace in their Generall Quarter Sessions for the County
Palatine of Lancr. held att Wiggan in the said County
the igth of January in the third yeare of their Matis
Raigne that a Certaine building of Sibill Barnes in
Sutton is Intended for a place to worshipp god in by
their Matis protestant subjects dissenting from the
Church of England and for their Indemnity according
to the late Act of Parliamt Entituled an Act for Ex
empting their protestant subjects dissenting from the
Church of England from the penaltyes of Certaine
Laws & desire the same may be recorded by the Clerk
of the peace accordingly and a Certificate thereof
given to Edward Barnes
In the same place & at the same date, William
Crosby certifies that " a certaine Barne in Hardshaw
belonging to John Naylor is Intended for a place "
to worship God for Protestants dissenting &c.
In the same place & at the same time James
Kenyon certifies that " a Certaine barne of George
Shaw in Hardshaw " is intended to be a place to
worship God for Protestants dissenting &c.
i8 4 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Preston, April 7, 1692.
Henry Cossenton within the Township of Colne,
Woollen Webster, humbly prayse that his new dwelling
house in the Townshipp of Colne may be recorded
as a meeting place for Protestants dissenting from
the Church of England.
Comitted his X Marke.
At Manchester, April 14, 1692.
House of John ffildes now in the possession of
Widdow Greens in Eccles is intended for a place of
Worship for Protestants dissenting &c.
Jan. 10, 1692-3.
House of Robert Hubarsty of Yelland for an assembly
Lancaster fourth day of October, 1692.
^ John Carrington, 1 Clerk, in behalf of himself & a
Congregation of dissenting protestants doth Certify ye
house of William Lindow of Topin Krags in Newland
Jlverstone & ye house of James Towers of
Bandrick head in furnessfells for meeting places to
be for Protestant Dissenters and desires yt ye sd
houses may be recorded accordingly
Wm Bonds of Tatham
[Pen run through " James Towers to ffurnacefells."
I imagine that Wm. Bonds was substituted.]
1 John Carrington was the Nonconformist minister of Lancaster.
He was educated at Frankland s Academy, and died in March 1700-1,
at the age of 48 years.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 185
At Wigan, fan. 16, 1692-3.
The following houses licensed for Quaker worship :
Tristram Jackson in Leverpoole Marriner
Robert Haydock in Leverpoole Merchant
Jonathan Rigby of Blackrode
James ffletcher of Knowsley Agricos.
James Winstanley of Winstanley Yeom.
John Haydock of Coppull Yeoman
Heskin ffell of Coppull. Linen webster
Hugh Low of Haigh Yeoman
Godfrey Atherton of Bickersteth Yeom.
(Signed Jonathan Rigbie
And we do also desire that a certaine parcell of
Inclosed ground called the Quakers burying place in
Bickersteth and another certain parcell of Inclosed
ground called ye Quakers burying place in Langtree
may be recorded for places to bury their dead and
likewise for publique worp of god
At Manchester, fan. 19, 1692-3.
Ralph Ridgway of Manchester desires that the
house where hee now liveth may bee recorded ffor
a meeting place of Quakers. Ralph Ridgway also
applies for Burial place within Mane, to be recorded
for Burial place for Quakers.
Similarly the house of James Strettall in Manchester
for an assembly of Quakers.
The following appear without definite date, but they
belong to this year :
Mr John Chorleton 1
1 John Chorlton, Nonconformist minister of Manchester. He con
ducted an Academy for some years, and died on March i6th, 1705.
186 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Mr Sam. Eyton l
Mr Hen. Newcome 2
Mr Tho. Butterworth
Mr Edw. Siddall
Mr Franc. Meadowcroft
The Mr Tho. Warburton
houses Tho. Ivins To be
of Ann Unsworth recorded
Mr Andrewe Wyke
Mr John Gathorne
Mr Joseph Barlowe
Mr Robt Chadwick.
Marth. Taylor, Widdowe
Manchester, Oct. 13, 1692.
The house of Mary Penerton (?) of Warrington
Widdowe a meeting house for dissenters
Preston, Jany. II, 1693.
House of Wm Cardwell senior of Barton the place
where he now lives as meeting place for Protestant
At Preston, Oct. 5, 1693.
Parcel of ground in ffreckleton called Gualfoloing (?)
1 Samuel Eaton, the son of Robert Eaton, M.A., who was resident in
Manchester. He was assistant and afterwards successor to his father
at Stand Chapel.
Henry Newcomc, M.A., the distinguished Nonconformist minister of
Manchester. He was ejected there in 1662, but he continued to serve
such as would risk imprisonment and suffering along with h
He died on Sept. ijth, 1693, at the age of 68 years.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 187
intended for meeting place for Quakers & Burial
This Court will not record it.
Preston, July 13, 1693.
John Cartmell in Neatby, place where now lives,
as a meeting place for Quakers.
Preston, January 17, 1694.
Christ. Duckworth in Samlesbury petitions for his
dwelling house to be a meeting place for Quakers.
Same date at Preston
William Hall in Grimsargh petitions for his dwelling
house to be a meeting place for Quakers.
At Ormeskirk, July 16, 1694.
The house of Henry Mercer of Kirby the place where
he now lives is desired to be recorded for a meeting
place for an assembly of protestants dissenting from the
Church of England and humbly desires the same may
be recorded accordingly Henry Mercer
These are to Certifie his Majesties Justices of the
Peace in their Generall quarter Sessions held for the
County Pallatyne of Lancaster att Ormeschurch in the
said County that a certaine Barne of Margret Lath-
waite Spinster in or near the Scowe within Wiggan
in the said County is Intended for a place of Religious
Worshipp for his Majesties Protestant Subjects Dis
senting from the Church of England to worship God
in And for their indemnity according to a late Act
188 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
of Parliament Intytled an Act for exempting their
Majesties Protestant Subjects Dissenting from the
Church of England from the penaltys of Certaine
lawes to Desire the same may be recorded by the
Clarke of the Peace this psent nynth day of Aprill
in the Seventh year of his Majesties Raigne Anoque
Domi 1695 and a Certificate thereof given to
Nathan Lomax of Oldham Lane in the pish of
Recorded for a meeting place for Quakers.
John Lomax house in Worseley
Recorded for a house for Dissenters.
The house of John Leadbeater of Bury ordered to be
Preston, April 16, 1697.
The house of John Hartley of Grymshaw in Cleviger
a meeting place for dissenters allowed.
Manchester, 21 July, 1698.
Petition of Henry Ryles of Oldham for his dwelling
house to be a Quaker meeting place
Preston, May 5, 1698.
Petition of Richard Cardwell of Barton for his
dwelling house to be a meeting place for Dissenters.
Recorded. Ric. Cardwdl
THE WITNESSING FACTS 189
Preston, Jany. 16, 1700.
The humble peticon of Roger Whalley of Blackburn
That whereas by a late Act of Parliamt entituled
an Act for exempting protest ant Subjects dissenting
from the Church of England from the penalties of
Certaine lawes the places of such meeting are required
to be certifyed to their quarter Sess &c.
In obedience of which the house of Chrofer Lee of
Habergham Eaves is intended for a meeting place or
an assembly of protestant dissenters & therefore
yor petr. prays the same may be recorded for that
purpose pursuant to the sd Act.
Allow & to be recorded.
Wigan, Jan. 20, 1700.
Peticon of Jonathan Swift of Warrington for house
of Samuell Horton in Warrington to be certified a
meeting place for protestant dissenters
Recorded. Jon. Swift.
House of Henry Birtwisle of Rosendale certified
for a meeting place for Protestant Dissenters.
House of Nathan Heyworth of Bent Yate in
House of Henry Veepon of Briercliffe, do.
House of John Baldwin of Old Laund in Pendle, do.
[All these made out in same style and hand with
no signatures, dates, or note of being recorded.]
William Hall desires his house called Eastertree
within ye Township of Whalley may be recorded
for a meeting place for Protestant Dissenters.
QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Wigan, Jan. 19, 1701.
Petition of Henry Molyneux of Liverpool that the
house of James Laithwaite of Knowsley \vith his
consent be a meeting place for Quakers.
Wigan, Jan. 18, 1701-2.
The petition of Hugh Lowe one of the people called
Quakers that the house of Abigail Griffeth of Wavertree
with her consent be a meeting place for Quakers
allowed. Hugh Lowe
The house of Katherine Siddall widdow in Ardwick
Robt Cragg of Cheetham for a meeting house.
Nathaniell Snow of Salford for a meeting house
Preston, Oct. 8, 1702.
Petition of Thomas Farneley of Thorneley a certaine
Ediffice or building lying in Thorneley belonging to
Petitioner for a meeting place for Quakers.
Likewise the house of Joshua Procter of Haighton
Petition of Abigaill Griffith of Wavertree her dwelling
house be a meeting place for Quaker.
Manchester, July 22, 1703.
Nehemiah Lowe petitions for the house of Jn. Hall
in Whitfield within Crompton to be a meeting place
Recorded. Nehemiah Low.
THE WITNESSING FACTS 191
A certaine building in Wray newly erected & desired
to be recorded for a meeting place for Quakers.
Thomas Skerrow ffrancis Glover,
Lancaster, Oct. 12, 1705.
In pursuance of which Act your petitioner James
Roanson of Cawseyend within Dalton humbly Desires
his dwelling house may be Licensed for a meeting place
ffor Quakers according to ye Act.
James x Roanson
allowed. his marke.
Manchester, Jan. 24, 1705.
Robert Lowe of Houghton within the Towneshipp
of Withington petitions that a certaine building in
Houghton belonging to your petitioner may be re
corded a meeting place for persons dissenting &c.
allowed. Robert Lowe.
Preston, Jan. 1706.
Petition of James Fisher of Habergham Eaves for
his dwelling house to be certified as a place of worship
for Protestant Dissenters
recorded. James ffisher.
Mane. Sessions, Jan. the 2^rd, 1706.
The house of Roger Worthington in Salford for a
meeting house for dissenters being protestants.
IQ2 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Preston, October 7, 1708.
Petition of Thomas Abbot of Alston in Hothersall &
Robert his son that the dwelling house of the Petitioners
be recorded as a meeting place for Quakers
rec rded. Thomas Abbatt
The 2 after Places to be recorded for the Qua to
The Dwelling house with outhouses & ground ad
joining of Wm. Ellisons in Brindle for a Meeting Place
for the People Calld Qua to worshipp God In & the
Dwelling house with Outhouseings & Ground Adjoining
of Robt. Karshaw in the Townshipp of Butterworth
& County of Lankester for the same Sarviss
George Braithwaite of Hawkeshead in the sd County
Maketh Oath that hee this depon. was requested by
William Dennysen of Watersyde neare Hawkeshead
aforesd to goe to Lancr and Petition the Court of
Qur Sessions Holden for ye County Pal. of Lane on
behalfe of the sd William Dennysen to have a certaine
house att Hawkeshead hill belonging to the sd William
Dennyson recorded ffor a meeting place ffor an assembly
of Protestants dissenting from the Church of England
and that the sd William Dennyson att the same time
did give his ffree Consent thereunto and desired that
the same might bee recorded accordingly and further
Jur. in Cur.
ii Januar Recorded
THE WITNESSING FACTS 193
1709. Kirkham. jber 1709.
I did give in & gott filled the other
Sessions a Petition, against the Lycenceing any
Quakers meeting places in Clifton or Greeno ; yet att
Clifton they doe meet & draw people about them after
a very unchristian like maner & for Greeno I hear
they have been moveing tho they have noe Quaker
yet near this place. But a great deall of Negligent
ignorant & poor people as likely to be Corrupted as
any where in this great pish, I pray Consider (I doe
not say what you doe) but what you suffer.
venit judex Liberavi Animam
This comes from
Your worships in all ways of Duty
Rd. Clegge l
Let the Clarke of the peace be cautioned at the
entreaty of Tho Rigby.
[The writing is Clegg s except Rigby s note.]
Endorsed ffor her Majesties
Justices of the Peace at Preston
This is with
Wm. Blackleach of Romsgreave humbly desires his
dwelling house may be recorded ffor a meeting place
for Quakers &c.
1 Richard Clegg, M.A., who was educated at Oxford, was instituted
to the living at Kirkham on June 20, 1666. He held it until his death
in 1720. He was most aggressive in his persecution of Noncon
formists of every kind in his parish, and many interesting stories of his
encounters with Cuthbert Harrison, the Els wick Minister, are still
current in the neighbourhood.
194 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
1710. Houses to be recorded for meeting places
for the people called Quakers.
Wm. Eccleston house at Cornah row in Kirkham
Parish in the nld.
Henry Flemings house of Poult on in the ffild.
James Goff senr. his house in Garstang.
Jno. Lees senr. near Oldham in the Parrish of Oldham.
Lane. July n. 1710.
Petition of Richard Atkinson of Conniston and Isaac
Pennington of Hawkeshead in the sd County that the
dwelling houses of your petitioners may be recorded
meeting houses for Persons called Quakers
recorded. Richd. Atkinson.
Xn 30th 1710
ffriend J. Wright,
I desire yu wod get the house of John
Dickonson of Northwood within the Town ship of
Padiham recorded for a meeting place ye next Sessions
and shall Satisfye yu next time I see yu rests thine
Jno Ecroyd Jur.
To bee entred October Sessions
last 12. 1710.
April 30. 1712.
These are humbly to request of the Justices of Peace
at the Quarter Sessions to be holden to morrow at
Preston That the house in Clitheroe which I am
now about to dwell in may be recorded for a house
wherein the people called Quakers may sometimes
Keep Religious Meetings.
Granted. Ellen Coulbourne
THE WITNESSING FACTS 195
House built on Brewers Yeard in Little Eccleston
for an Assembly of persons called Quakers.
Writing in the Preston Guardian on April 20th, 1912,
Mr Dilworth Abbatt, of Preston, says :
" William Brewer, yeoman of Little Eccleston, a few
months before his decease, conveyed by an Indenture
dated May 1669, a little garden or Croft out of a Close
of land, to be used as a burial place for Quakers, unto
John White and Thomas Moone of Wood Plumpton.
Nine years previously both William Brewer and John
White were sent to prison for holding Quaker meetings
in the district. In 1690 John White, the surviving
trustee having died, fresh trustees of the old Quaker
Meeting House and burial ground were appointed in the
persons of Richard Coward, Timothy Townson, Thomas
Tomlinson, and Henry Tomlinson, all of whom belonged
to the Filde meeting."
Under date Aug. 25, 1682, the Kenyon MSS. give the
" Kirkham. There is a place in this parish wee call
Brewers Yard, four or five miles distant, which the
Quakers (the most incorrigible sinners I know) doe use
to bury. I desire you, therefore, you may procure this
may be spoken of a Sheriff s title, that these places
may be laid wast, or if not soe, some other remedy may
be thought of for the preventing of their diabolical
infatuation and infection." (For Richard Clegg, vide
Bury Sess. Oct. n. 1716.
A Certaine Edifnce or building newly Erected in the
fforest of Rossendale for an Assembly of persons called
recorded. Henry Birtwistle.
196 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Preston Sessions July 18. 1717.
George Abott of Hothcrsall petitions that a dwelling
house and barne thereunto belonging to your
Petitioner is intended for an Assembly of Quakers.
recorded. George Abbatt.
To the Clerk of Peace &c.
John Haydock of Coppull Certifies to Quarter
Sessions att Ormskirk July 2. 1717. that " I have caused
a house to be erected upon a parcell of ground within
Langtree in the sd County Comonly called the Quakers
Buriall place Intended to be a meeting house for a Con
gregation of Protestant Dissenters dissenting from the
Church of England Comonly called Quakers and do Desire
you to record the same as such in this Court according
to the Act of Parliamt in that case made and pvided."
recorded. Jno. Haydock junr
Ormskirk Sessions May. 6. 1717.
John Winstanley of Ashton within Makerfield yeom.
certifies a House newly erected belonging to me is
intended for Quakers c.
recorded. John Winstanley.
Preston. April 25. 1723. Dwelling house of James
Topper called heathwood in Parish of Padyham.
House of John Hartley called the ffernis in the fforest
of Pendle. Quaker meeting house.
recorded. John Hartley.
[This has got into packet 1718, and is printed here
though it is later than 1720.]
Memdm to Gett a licence for ye house of Ann Rigby
widd in Goosnr for a meeting house for ye-Quakrs.
THE WITNESSING FACTS
The dwelling house and Barne of Thorstin (?) Cros-
neld of Penington in Ffurness as also the house &
Barne thereunto adjoining belonging to Edward
ffisher of Unlverston.
for Quakers. Robt. Abbatt.
Lancaster Oct. 4. 1720.
Humble Petition of Steephen Sedgewick of Lanshaw
in the Parish of Tatham & John Moore of Gaite in
Parish of Tunstall dwelling houses to be used for
recorded. John Moor.
These are to certify that the dwelling house of
Thomas ffel of Unlverston is a meeting place for
Preston ) Oct. 6. 1720. Robt Abbatt.
Ss. j recorded
Preston. Oct. 6. 1720.
Petition of Wm. Blackledge of freckleton on behalf e
of himselfe & Severall others Inhabitants of the Sd.
Town A certain Edifice newly erected in freckleton
aforesd is intended for Quakers &c.
recorded. his X marke.
The humble Petition of Edmund Tyldesley of
Dalton yeom. Prays that his dwelling house in Darton
may be recorded for a -meeting place of Dissenting
Protestants according to the Act of Parliament in
that case made.
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING
OUT of the mass of dates, names and facts previously
given two things emerge quite clearly. In the first place
the reader must be deeply impressed with the remarkable
steadfastness of the " Sufferers " to the religious
principles which they had adopted. With little inter
mission, for a period of nearly 30 years from the
Restoration to the Toleration Act, they were the victims
of a persecution which imposed upon them fines and
imprisonments without mercy or restraint, and yet
they remained unbroken in their spirit. This was, of
course, the period during which all Nonconformity was
out in the wilderness and a " great and terrible wilder
ness " it proved to be; but the heavier burden of
suffering fell upon the Quakers. The Uniformity Act
of 1662 deprived all Ministers of their livings, who
could not give their " Assent and Consent " to all and
everything contained in the Book of Common Prayer ;
and the Great Ejection followed, which silenced some
2000 of the most cultured and devoted Ministers in
the Church. In 1664 the Conventicle Act made illegal
all religious gatherings other than those which were
according to the " National Worship," if there were
present five or more persons of 16 years of age and
upwards beside the family in whose house the meeting
was being held. To deal specially with the Quakers
there had been passed in May 1662, before the Act of
Uniformity, the " Quaker Act " imposing penalties for
refusal to take oaths and for holding meetings for
worship in the Quaker way. In common with all other
Nonconformists the Quakers suffered considerably for
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 199
attending these proscribed Conventicles, and similarly
for not frequenting the National Worship ; but, as
already suggested, they suffered on other accounts
peculiar to them. They had an objection to taking
any kind of oath. It was with them a matter of
"Conscience" "to swear not at all," but to let their
, Yea be Yea and their Nay, Nay." Consequently they
refused the oath of allegiance, though their loyalty was
above suspicion ; summoned to serve on juries they
again objected to take the customary oath ; and in
like manner in the open courts judgment invariably went
against them because they would not be sworne. They
objected also to pay Tithes on the ground that " the
true Christian Minister must preach for love, not for
hire." Many of the Commitments, it will be noted,
were on these accounts only.
It is worth pointing out that after 1662 there are
few Commitments for disturbing other religious
gatherings. During the Commonwealth that was the
chief cause of their suffering, and the fact is one to which
sufficient attention has not been given. It is more
than doubtful if the Commonwealth Commitments
generally may be classed under the heading of religious
persecution, as is usually done. The movement was
then quite young, and like all young movements it was
extravagant and revolutionary in many respects. The
early Quaker preachers, whose sincerity cannot be
challenged, were often disturbers of the public peace,
and the penalties inflicted upon them were mainly because
they were regarded as such. It is a healthy sign that
among later writers on the movement this is the attitude
which is coming to be adopted. Referring to some
of the strange things which were done by Quakers in
Commonwealth days, Mr H. G. Wood, M.A., in his
Swarthmore Lecture for 1920, says : " Sue hare the
charges history records against them, and, so far as
they are true, we can only say in the first place that the
Protector s leniency in dealing with them deserves our
200 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
admiration, and in the second that the modern Quaker
is a great improvement on his ancestors." Most, how
ever, of what was objectionable about the movement in
its earliest stages had disappeared at the time of the
Restoration ; and the Quakers take their place in the
forefront of that great body of Nonconformists against
whom the repressive legislation of that period was
In 1672 the Indulgence Declaration was published.
It was not an Act of Parliament but a mere exercise
of that Royal prerogative which Charles claimed to
have " in Ecclesiastical matters," and no doubt it was
honestly meant. Wearied, as he says, with "the sad
experience of twelve years," whose " forcible courses "
had yielded "little fruit," he resorted to this method
of "quieting our good subjects." Its effect was to
suspend the operation of the repressive legislation of
recent times, and, in particular, to make it possible by
taking out Licenses for all who dissented from the Church
of England to have their own religious meetings. Non
conformists generally welcomed it as a great relief, and
Licenses on a large scale were taken out all over the
country. The original Applications and other License
documents are preserved in the Record Office, London ;
and these and much relating to them have been printed
in Professor Turner s book ; but not one Quaker License
will be found among them. No one was applied for and no
one was issued. The Quakers shared to some extent in the
common benefit so far as their religious gatherings were
concerned, but they were still fined and imprisoned for
refusing the Oath and withholding the Tithes, even as
they might be for meeting in unlicensed buildings. After
twelve months the Indulgence Declaration was with
drawn under pressure of Parliament, with which it had
never been popular, because it was regarded as an en
croachment upon its rights, and persecution reappeared.
In addition to all this the Quakers were involved in the
common suspicion which attached to all Nonconformity,
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 201
that it was an abiding menace to the Government and
the Nation generally. The times were rich in rumours
of plots and counter plots ; informers were well paid
for their work and they were careful not to be unem
ployed ; and the authorities were somewhat hysterical
in their fears. How far there was ground for this we do
not know. Some of the reports which were so largely
circulated were undoubtedly pure fictions ; others were
seriously exaggerated ; but it is quite possible that some
men made wild and reckless by ceaseless persecution
turned their thoughts to force for a remedy, and, at
least, indulged in language, which in those excited times
gave colour to such suspicions. At any rate, they had
visits paid to them by the officers of the law with in
structions to search their persons and houses for " armes
and ammunition " and anything of an incriminating
character. The following in illustration are from the
Bradshaigh MS. kindly lent by Dr Farrer, and it is inter
esting to note how all the supposed disaffected are classed
together Recusant Papists, Ejected Nonconformists
and Proscribed Quakers.
" My Lord Arlington s letter to my Lord of Derby
Concerning Conventicles May 27. 1669.
Whereas his Matie hath received Severall Com
plaints that In the County of Lancr. whereof you are
Lord Leivtnt there are held frequent & scandalous
Meeteings upon p tence of Religious worshipp Contrary
to the Law and publique peace his Matie hath Co-
manded me to signify his pleasure hereby unto you
that you make strickt enquiry of the truth of such
Complaints and if you shall find that such meetings
are held within your Lieutenancy which either by
theire excess for number or manor of behaviour may
endanger the Publique peace give Scandall or affront
the Publique established government of the Church
that in such cases you give Orders to put the Lawes
202 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Jn Execution for the suppressing of such Meetings
and to proceed according to Law against the preacher
and such others as shall appeare to bee the principall
My Lord J am
Yor Lopps Most obedient
" Whereas wee are given to understand that very
many psons of restlesse and never to bee satisfied minds,
within this County of Lancaster are busie and Active
in construing Plotting broatching a new Warre wch
threatens much to the Ruine and destruction of his
Matie and all Loyall Subjects Wee therefore strictly
require you upon sight hereof to Seize and Secure
the persons whose names are hereunto annexed within
the Hundreds of Loynsdall & Amoundernes searching
theire Houses for Armes, Amunition Seditious papers
and Pamphletts, and them bring before us at Lancaster
upon Thursday the Thirtie first day of August instant
And likewise that you informe your selfe of all other
psons whose Principles and Seditious practices you
know anywise Rebellious or inclinable to the disturbance
of the Peace and quiet of this Kingdome inserting their
names and places of habitation in the aforesaid list
annexed and to bring them before us at the day and
place abovsaid Whereof faile not as you tendr his
Maties Servise and will answer the Contrary
Datum apud Lancr vicesimo sexto die Augusti Anno
R. Rs Carol Scdi Angl &c Decimo sextimo Annoq
To Sr. Roger Bradshaigh or
in his absence to the W. Spencer
Chiefe Commissionated Officer of his Ro. Bindlos
Troope Tho. Preston
These Ric. Kirckby.
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING
A note of persons to bee Searched for Armes &
John Roscoe of
Tho : Hoodie of
John Ballif of
John Low of
Widow Copper of
Nicholas Rigby of
Jon. Lauson of Lanr
Jon Greenwood of same
Robt Widder of Kellett Senior
Crofer Procter of Lancr
Tho : Hopkin of Yelland
Memorand Preist Hutton
John Preston of Ellell Grange
Tho : Atkinson of Cartmiell
Tho : Leper of Caponwrey
Rob : Hubberstie of Yelland
Will : Lampitt of ffurneis *
Jon. Sawrey of Plumpton
Richard Locksome of
William Walton of
Adam Mather of
Wright ingt on
Mr Baldwin 2 a
Minister at Chisnall
1 Ejected minister of Ulverston. Vide pp. 17-21.
2 Almost certainly Roger Baldwin, ejected minister of Pcnrith and
204 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
of Goulding Hill
of Eves Lane
of yerrow Bridge
Will : Ecleston of
Richard Sheardley of
John Hurst of
Arley in blackrode
Will : Parr by Cowley
Hill nere Billinge
Henry Ogles of
In Wigan Parish
Henry Topping of Wigan
Mr Jolly of Wigan
ye house of Peter Watson
and Mrs Williamson l
liveing Jn Hindley.
Gabriell Camelford of Staveley 2
Tho : Jolly of hignell park 3
Tho : Sumerko of padll-
Robt Whiteker of
Healey in Burnley
Jon. Buly of Oswald
Jon Waddington of Altom
by Coll. No well.
one Major Smith
Rowland Gascall of /blank/
Ric : Kinge of Preston
Henry Chorley of same
Jon March of Elston
1 Doubtless widow of William Williamson, the " able godly and painfull
minister " of Hindley in 1650.
Ejected minister of the Furness District. Vide pp. 16-21.
Ejected minister of Altham, who subsequently lived at Wyxnond-
bouses, on the slope of Pendle Hill. Vide p. 79.
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 205
August 26. 1665
A particular of psons fitt to bee secured.
Mr Tildesley of Deane Church l
Mr Heywood late of Ormes Church 2
Mr Naylor of Hindley 3
Mr tof 1 ^ 4 1 Hveing in Windle or Raynford
Mr Harrison of the Fyld 6
Mr Bradshaw of Hindley. 7 All these above named
are nonconformists secluded prtended Ministers and
such as frequently hould Conventicles, giveinge the
people opertunitys of Meetinge to hatch Mischeife
Alsoe Ditchfeild of Warrington
Willeby of Horwich
John Masty of Warrington late Servant to the late
Tray tor Lockyor Blood, Newton.
My note to the Constables of Aspull to apprehend Quakers.
Whereas I am sertanly informed that there are
frequent meetings of Quakers and other nonconformall
psons within yor Toune & pticulerly this day at James
Gregaryse, Theise are in psuance of his Maties late
Proclamation for prohibiting of such Meetings to
require you to seize all such psons as you shall find
soe conveid together, and them to bringe before the
next Justice of Peace, to give such satisfacon as the
said proclamation requireth, or else to suffer accordingly,
of this you are not to fayle as it is yor Duty, and will
1 John Tilsley, M.A., ejected from Dean Church.
2 Nathaniel Heywood, M.A., brother of Oliver Heywood, ejected from
3 Possibly James Naylor, ejected from Houghton Chapel.
4 John Wright, the ejected minister of Billinge.
5 Thomas Gregg, the minister of St Helens.
8 Cuthbert Harrison, doubtless, ejected in Ireland, but subsequently
minister of Elswick, the Mother Church of Fylde Congregationalism.
7 James Bradshaw, ejected from Hindley, and subsequently in Rain-
ford. Vide p. 98, note i.
206 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
answer it to the Contrary. Given under my hand
this I7th feb. 1660.
To the Constables
of Aspull. Theise.
An Order from my Lord of Derby for searching and
Secureing some Armes in Manchester Augu. 6th/64.
Theise are to will And require you upon sight hereof
to Search for And Seize all Armes and Amunition which
you find in the Custodie or possession of John Leeds
Richard Ellor, Ralph Ridgway of Manchester and
Henry Taylor of New Barne in the afforesd County,
the sd psons beeinge Judged Dangerus to the peace of
the Kingdome, and all such Armes and Amunition
as you find in the possession of the aforesaid psons or
any of them you are to secure for his Maties Service
And returne a speedy Accot thereof unto mee And for
soe doeinge this shall bee to you a Sufficient discharge
Given under my [Hand] And Seale the 5th day of
August Anno Domini 1664.
To Major John Byrom
And the Constables
John Willson of Warrington in the sd County of
Lanr upon his oath Informeth and saith as the above
sd Roger Yates hath informaed haveinge heard the
Mat hew Markland
Informr Capt apud Haigh Coram Rogero Bradshaigh
Milit. 25 June (1662)
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 207
Saturday June the 2ist (1662).
Thomas Gorton of Aspull Laborer saith that hee
heard Margrett Smith of Westhoughton Widow,
(upon descourse of the Act of Uniformity) say that
rather then they Ministers (meaning the Presbits)
would Conforme, they would resist, and if they weare
forced to conforme there would be aryseinge of her
knowledge and beeing asked how that could bee ;
and who shold head them, shee said My Lord Booth,
Coll. Rawsthorne, & Maior Harrison, and that though
wee thought the Militia soe sure to us, yet that most
of all the Trayn d Bands in Salford Hundd would bee
of there Syde. Sunday June the 22. The said
Thomas Gorton came to me againe and said hee had
againe spoken to the said Margrett Smith that day at
Blackrod and would have knowne something more
of her Concerning that business, pretendinge that hee
would take theire part, shee said shee could tell him
noe more that day, for the messenger that was to bring
them Intelligence would not bee there till late but
afterwards shee would tell him more.
Tuisday June the 24th the said Thomas Gorton
came to mee againe & said that the same woman
tould him (Robert Browne of Aspull being in a private
place and heard her, & alose did testify it before mee)
that shee being that day at Hindley Chapell, did see
one John Leech deliver sevall letters to Mr. Tildesley
Parson of Deane Church, & being asked what they
weare, shee sayd tending towards aryseing, & allsoe
tould him that the messenger came the Sunday at
night before, to Blackerode, about the same buisiness
& Sett up his horse at James Gregorys in Aspull,
And said that the Quakers and Presbs would Joyne
together, and being asked what party or who they
would ryse against shee said against the Parlt because
they made the Act agst theire Religion, and said
alsoe that Mr Woods of Ashton, 1 Mr Astley of
1 James Wood, ejected from Ashton-in-Makerfield.
208 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Blackrod, 1 Mr Welch of Chorley * Mr Tildesley of Deane
would goe into Scotland, & many more Parsons that
would not Conforme, and being againe asked who would
head the Party shee said that shee had a letter of it
that my Lord Booth Coll. Rawsthorne and Maior
Harrison and one behind Preston which shee could not
remember the name of, but said Thomas Gorton
nameing Major Robinson to her, shee said shee thought,
that it was hee, and said that the Riseinge would
bee before Boulton ffayre ; or within a moneth and
that one Ralph Ellison of Hindley was listed, but under
who shee knew not, and farther said that all the 4
Preachers, before named weare to Preach all of one
day the next weeke at Chowbent & after that would
goe into Scotland, & beinge asked whether they ryse
against the Kinge or noe shee sayd not, but they
would have the Queene Downe and sayd againe that
those in Salford Hundd (Meaning the Militia Souldiers)
would bee for them.
July 7/7; . James Barton of Blackerod informed
& sayth that hee heard Thomas Fenton a youth that
liveth upon Chorley moore say that hee knew of a
greate deale of Armes hid at Duxbury and that hee
was at the hiding of them himselfe :
It is Mr Holt s opinion that I ought to take the
Informations upon Oath & that I may Sertify it to
the Councell without any other Justice to Joyne
At one time during this period, from 1662 to 1664,
which is spoken of as the Great Persecution, it is estimated
that in the prisons of England were no fewer than 4200
Quakers, men and women, 3 and, as already intimated,
1 Richard Astley, ejected from Blackrod. Vide p. 79, note 3.
* Henry Welch, ejected from Chorley.
George Fox, by H. G. Wood, M.A., p. 75.
STEADFAST IN SUFFERING 209
for 30 years the persecution continued with little cessa
tion without materially weakening the Quaker opposi
tion. Indeed a friend, who is far removed from the
Quaker position, writing to me quite recently of this
period says with a considerable amount of truth :
" The Quakers really understood their duty perfecting
their organization and sticking to their own ways with
an invincible stubbornness, which, after persecution had
exhausted its worst, made the law bow to them not them
to the law."
The other point is the widespread character of the
movement in the County. Another Map representing
the state of things at the end of 1720 would give a very
different picture from the one of 1654 previously named.
Besides Lancaster and all the North Lonsdale District
there appear to have been strong centres at Ormskirk
and neighbourhood, Warrington and district, Blackburn,
Clitheroe and district, the Rossendale Valley and
Preston and neighbourhood. The movement did not
sweep Lancashire as it did Westmorland and Cumber
land, but it took hold upon the County to a really
remarkable extent ; and by the end of 1720, beyond
which the enquiry has not been pursued, no considerable
area was quite free from it.
Some of the interests which thus began are still in
existence, they are the centres of much inspiring memory
and sacred tradition. As a separate religious body,
however, Quakerism can scarcely be said to show much
in the way of growth. In her interesting book The
Story of Quakerism, Lady Emmott says : " Although
Friends were at one time the largest body of noncon
formists in England, they are now almost the smallest
of the organized Christian Churches. Forty years after
their first establishment, they numbered about fifty
thousand, or more than one in every hundred of the
entire population of five millions ; now there is about
210 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
one Friend in every two thousand of the population of
Great Britain and a much smaller proportion for the
population of the world." 1 Its future may, therefore, give
some anxiety to its supporters ; but, whatever may await
it, because of its insistence upon the supremely spiritual
element in religion, its unceasing protest against the
merely ceremonial, which has so often been the besetting
sin of all religious worship, because of its absolute fidelity
to great religious principles, and its clear and unceasing
advocacy of Peace, the world owes to it an unspeakable
debt, and it will always have a place of honour in the
story of the Christian religion.
Abraham, Emma .,57
Abraham, Daniel, 57, 58
Accrington, 76, 90
Addison, Thomas, 74
Aighton, 143, M4
Aldcliffe, 122, 158
Aldingham, 22, 32-34, 63, 113
Altham, 76, 80, 83, 88, 204
Ambrose, John, 54
Amovmderness, 63, 71, 91, 128, 149,
Amyas, Theophilus, 34
Anabaptists, 12, 13, 62
Angier, John, 47
Arkholme, 30, 72
Arlington, Lord, 201
Ashburner, Richard, 32, 48, 49,
Ashton, Isaac, 38, 40, 51, 103, no,
Askew, Anne, 19
Askew, John, 19
Aspinall, John, 149-151
Astley, Richard, 79, 208
Atherton, Godfrey, 103, no, in,
Atherton, Oliver, 38, 40, 48, 49
Audland, John, 12, 13
Backhouse, John, 31, 58
Baguley, Alexander, 41
Baldwin, Roger, 203
Ball House, 60
Bannister, Widow, 204
Barnes, John, 44, 146, 147, 164
Barnes, Sibill, 183
Barnes, William, 44
Barrow, Joan, 85, 89, 149, 152
Barton, 186, 188
Barton, Roger, 78
Bate, John, 95, 96
Baycliff, 22, 32-34, 118, 120
Bennett, Philip, 24, 60
Benson, Francis, 16, 53
Benson, George, no, 113, 126
Berkett, John, 65
Bis brown, Christopher, 31, 108, ill
Bickerstarle, 35, 40, 103, 108, in,
136, 137, 146, 158, 178, 185
Billmge, 94, 97, 169, 204, 205
Birch, 99, 101
Birtwistle, Henry, 47, 48, 53, 55,
58, 86, 90, 189, 195
Bispham, John, 103, in, 136, 137
Blackburn, 37, 61, 69, 76, 79, 83,
85, 89, 102, 189, 204
Blackburn Grammar School, 76
Blackledge, William, 193
Blackrod, 47, 101, 185, 204, 207,
Blood, Lockyor, 205
Bold, 41, 136, 137
Bolton, 46, 47, 101, 138-143, 161,
Bolton-le-Sands, 61, 62
Bond, Thomas, 36, 37, 54
Booth, Lord, 207, 208
Booth, William, 40, 129-133, 136-
Boult, Benjamin, 35, 59
Boydale, Susan, 100, 148
Bradshaigh MS., 201
Bradshaigh, Roger, 95, 131, 202,
Bradshaw, James, 98, 205
Braithwaite, George, 105, 114, 192
Braithwaite, John, 16, 60
Braithwaite, William C., 11-14, 2 5i
Brewer, William, 36, 51, 72, 195
Brewer s Yard, 163, 195
Bridecake, Ralph, 43
Briggs, , 124
Briggs, Robert, 51, 52, 104,113,121
Briggs, Thomas, 60
Brindle, 64-66, 192
Broughton Tower, 20
Brown, Andrew, 174, 175
Brown, James, 115
Brown, Mr, 98
Brown, William, 180
212 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Browne, Joshua, 148
Browne, Robert, 207
Brown low School, 169
Buildings registered for worship,
Bulcock, Elizabeth, 150, 153-155
Bullcock, John, 78
Burnley, 38, 61, 75, 76, 80, 81, 83,
85, 87, 91, 204
Burnyeate, John, 120
Bury, 43, 45, 62, 99, 101, 166, 167,
Butler, Mr, 71
Byron, John, 206
Calamy, 17, 21, 72, 75
Cameliord, Gabriel, 16, 17, 21, 204
Camm, Thomas, 31, 122
Capernwray, 31, 104, 20}
Card well, Richard, 186, 188
Carnforth, 31, in, 121, 122
Carrand, Thomas, 121
Carrington, John, 184
Cartmell, 16, 24, 33, 34, 55, Go, no,
Cartmell Fell Chapel, 62
Catteralf, James, 80
Chaddock, Thomas, 136-138
Chadwick, Robert, 172, 186
Chaigley, 37, 144
Chambers, James, 104, 120
Charnock Heath, 69, 71, 165
Charnock, Richard, 71, 98, 203,
Cheadle, 129, 132
Cheney, John, 42
Cheshire, 115, 129, 158
Chipping, 37, 144
Chorley, 66, 70, 97, 204, 208
Chorley, John, 136-138, 146, 147
Chorlton, John, 185
Chorlton, Chapelry, 101
Church Kirk, 76, 80, 83, 85, 90
Clayton, 68, 70, 76
Clayton, Leonard, 37, 81, 83, 88
Clayton, Richard, 117, 120, 134
Clayton, William, 39, 128, 129
Clegg, Adam, 75
Ctegg, Richard, 193, 195
Clifton, 158, 193
Clifton, Gervasc, 71
Clitheroe, 37, 38, 75, 77, 79, 82,
85, 88, 89, 127, 135, 144, 149-
151, 153, 154, 194
Cockey Chapel, 100
Colne, 82, 83, 86
Colton, 34, 63, 114
Commonwealth Commitments, 199
Commonwealth Survey, The, 17
Conventicle Act, The, 129, 178, 198
Conventicle, Returns of 1669, 61
Conventicles, 61, 62, 71, 72, 79, 80,
82-84, 87, 95, 90, 99, 100, 104-
106, 126-155, 157-161, 163-169,
171-181, 2OI, 2O2, 205
Coppull, 42, 66, 71, 134, 135, 165
185, 196, 203
Cornah Row, 194
Cossenton, Henry, 184
Coulbourn, Elizabeth, 194
Coward, Henry, 182
Cowbornc, Richard, 89, 144, 145,
Cromback, John, 80, 83
Cromwell, Oliver, 15, 120
Crook, Abigail, 182
Crooke, Henry, 167, 168
Cropper Family, The, 158
Cropper, Widow, 203
Crosby, Thomas, 55, 103, no, in.
Crosby, William, 183
Crosdalc, Mary, 82
Crosfield Family, The, 158
Crosfield, Henry, 29, 51
Croston, 66, 67, 69, 203
Croxdale, Elizabeth, 77
Cubham, Richard, 35, 40, 44, 49,
56, 136-138, 158, 178
Cuerden, 68, 70
Cumberland, 10, n, 21, 24
Gumming, Thomas, 51
Curwen, John, 34, 56
Curwen, Thomas, 32, ^5, 48, 49,
Dalton-in-Furness, 22, 24, 104, 191,
Danvcn, 72, 75, 76
Darwen Chapel, 79, 83
Dawson Family, The, 158
Dawson, Bernard, 88
Dean, 47, 100, 101
Dean Church, 205, 207, 208
Dennyson, \Villiam, 192
Denton, 99, 101
Derby, Lord, 201, 206
Dewsbury, William, 35, 59, 60
Dickenson, James, 16
Dilworth, James, 37, 144, 145
Dihvorth, Thomas, 144, 145
Dippers, 62, 99
Dockray, Thomas, 34
Dodding, Miles, 55, 156
Donne, Francis, 128
Downham, 38, 75, 80-82, 86, 89
Duckworth, Christopher, 30, 87,
Duckworth, John, 47
Dunbaband, Samuel, 44, 136-138,
146, 147, 160
Duxbury, 69, 164, 203, 208
Eaton, Nathaniel, 172, 173
Eaton, Robert, 186
Eaton, Samuel, 186
Eccles, 99, 102, 184
Eccleston, 66, 68, 97, 203
Eccleston (in the Fylde), 63, 72,
Eccleston, William, 204
Edmondson, William, 30
Ejection of 1662, The, 17, 198
Ellison, David, 35, 40
Ellison, Ralph, 208
Ellison, William, 192
Ellor, Richard, 200
Elswick, 59, 72, 193, 205
Entwistle, John, 136, 138, 146, 147,
Euxton, 68, 70, 165, 203
Everton, 158, 159
Farington, 72, 204
Farneley, Thomas, 190
Farnsworth, Richard, 22
Fairer, Dr, 63, 201
Farrington, William, 87
Faulkner, Margaret, 86
Fell, Christopher, 32, 114
Fell, George, 25
Fell, George, 33, 114
Fell, Heskin, 42, 43, 46, 54, 66, 158,
Fell, John, 32, no, 114
Fell, Leonard, 33-35, 53, 57, 5 8
Fell, Margaret, 16, 19, 23, 25, 29,
33, 105, 106, 126
Fell, Mary, 20
Fell, Rebekah, 158
Fell, Richard, no, 113, 114, 118
Fell, Thomas, 18-20, 22, 23, 33, 42,
Fenton, Thomas, 208
Fielding, John, 77
Finch, Thomas, 165
Firbank, 10, 13
Fletcher, Elizabeth, 44
Fletcher, James, 35, 56, 59, M7, l8 5
Fletcher, John, 44
Flitcroft, Geoffrey, 96, 97
F gg, J ohn > 4 1
Forest of Rowland, 85, 144
Forest of Rossendale, 195
Forshawe, James, 65
Foster, Henry, no, in
Fox, George, 9-26, 32, 52, 59, 106,
Fox, Margaret, 57, 58, 156
Foxcroft, Edmund, 74
Frankland s Academy, 184
Freckleton, 37, 180, 181, 186, 197
Frosham, James, 56, 158
Furness District, 32-35, 62, 204
Furness Fells, 184
Furness Nonconformity, 21
Fylde District, The, 35, 158
Gandy, William, 159, 160
Garforth, Edmund, 30
Garner, Thomas, 38
Garstang, 36, 116, 134, 171, 194
Gars wood Division, 99
Gey, Mr, 83
Gisburn, 127, 144, 149, 150, 153
Gleaston, 22, 32, 104, 113, 120
Gleave, John, 95
Goad, John, 32, 113, 120
Goad, Thomas, 32, 104, 113
Goodall, Edward, 42
Goodshaw Chapel, So
Goosnargh, 72, 196
Gorton, 99, 101
Gorton, Thomas, 207, 208
Grave, William, 52
Grayrigg, 12, 13
Great Crosby, 103, in, 159
Great Harwood, 75, 79, 84, 86, 88,
214 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Great Singleton, 72
Green, John, 188
Green, Thomas, 29, 50, 126
Gregg, Thomas, 205
Gregory, James, 96, 97, 205, 207
Grime, John, 86, 90
Grimshaw, Richard, 76, 80, 83, 88, 90
Grindleton, 144, 149, 150, 152, 153
Habergham Eaves, So, 189, 191
Halhead, Miles, 18
Hall, George, 96
Hall, John, 172
Halley, Dr, 26
Halstead, Catherine, 83
Halstead, George, 172,^173
Hand ford, 129-133
Hankinson, Richard, 136-138
Hardman, John, 80, 82, 83
Hardshaw, 44, 177-180, 182
Hargreaves, Mr, 86
Hargreaves, Alice, 165, 166
Hargreaves, Christopher, 86
Hargreaves, George, 38
Hargreaves, Henry, 86, 90, 165, 166
Hargreaves, John, 38, 39, 49, 57,
76, 80, 81, 165, 166
Hargreaves, Richard, 39, 48, 50,
5i, 55, 5 <*>, 76, 123
Harrison, Cuthbert, 193, 205
Harrison, James, 46, 54, 138-143
Harrison, John, 61
Harrison, Major, 207, 208
Harrison, Thomas, 116
Harrison, William, 127
Harrop, Mr, 88
Harsnep, Thomas, 156, 157
Hartley, , 72
Hartley, Elizabeth, 75
Hartley, James, 34, 82
Hartley, John, 39, 76, 188, 196
Hartley,Roger, 38,51, 58, 76, 82, 123
Haslegreave, James, 101
Haslingden District, 47, 61, 75, 77,
80, 81, 86, 89, 90, 166-168, 189
Hatlex, 41, 123
Hatton, Alexander, 54, 68, 98
Hatton, William, 56, 59,68, 146,147
Hawkshead, 62, 106, 113, 119, 192,
Haworth, Charles, 78
Haydock, John, 42, 53, 71, 178,
Haydock, Robert, 185
Haydock, Roger, 42, 43, 71, 134,
Hayes, John, 80
Hayton, John, 57
Hayworth, Abraham, 47, 48, 51,
54, 57, 60, 76, 80, 84, 87, 166
Hayworth, Lawrence, 79
Heapey, 63, 72, 203
Heyside, 45, 61
Heywood, Nathaniel, 205
Heywood, Oliver, 205
Heyworth, Nathaniel, 189
Hicock, Thomas, 136, 137, 159
Hindley, 205, 207, 208
Hirt, Elizabeth, 46
Hodgkinson, Thomas, 149
Hoghton, Sir Richard, 87
Holcroft Hall, 95
Holgate, William, 42
Holland, Charles, 105
Holland, Thomas, 98, 105, 165
Holline, Thomas, 182
Holme, Thomas, 44, 59
Holmes Chapel, 80
Holt, Mr, 208
Holt, Gilbert, 42
Hoole, 65, 66, 70
Hope wood, John, 99
Hornby, 73, 174, 175
Horwick, 100, 101, 205
Houlgate, Matthew, 96
Hoult, James, 153, 155
Howgill, 150, 153
Howgill, Francis, 12, 13, 21
Hoyle, John, 82
Hubberstey, Robert, 31, 122, 184,
Hubberthorn, Richard, 43
Hugginson, William, 31, 104, 122
Hughson, , 71, 72
Hulley, Edward, 38, 48
Humber River, 26
Huncoat, 77, 83, 90
Hurst, John, 204
Hutton, 12, 26
Hutton, Dorothy, 32
Hutton, Thomas, 32, 104, 114
Independents, 12, 13, 80
Indulgence Declaration, The, 12,
17, 21, 200
Indulgence Licenses, 200
Ingham, Margaret, 149, 153
Inskip, 36, 163
Ireland, 30, 36, 43, 60, no, 113,
Isle of Man, 113
ackson, Henry, 112
ackson, Tristram, 185
ackson, William, 52, 57, 166
armond, Thomas, 71
effries, Judge, 56
ohnson, Lawrence, 44
ohnson, Richard, 40, 42, 44, 51,
Jollie, Thomas, 79, 80, 204
Kaber Rigg, 25
Kay, Thomas, 73
Kellet, 12, 24, 30, 31, 104, in, 112,
Kendal, 10-12, 22, 26, 44, 46, 59,
Keaquick, Daniel, 44
Keaquick, Thomas, 41, 44, 136-
Kenion, Henry, 95, 96
Kenion, John, 85
Kennebie, Anne, 41
Kennedy, Hannah, 40
Kenyon, James, 183
Kenyon MSS., 181, 195
Kenyon, Roger, 135, 143, 148, 159,
Kilmory, Lady, 115
King Richard, 204
Kippax, John, 75, 81
Kirkby, Richard, 55, no, 133, 202
Kirkby, Roger, 104, 106
Kirkham, 63, 71, 72, 193, 195
Knowsley, 40, 59, 185, 190
Laithxvaite, James, 136, 137, 147
Lambeth Library, 61
Lampit, William, 17-20, 203
Lancaster, 12, 24, 29, 30, 32, 49-51,
106, no, 116, 122, 133, 134, 175-
177, 184, 191, 203
Lancaster Castle, 33, 34, 36, 37,
40-45, 47, 50-58, 115, 128-131,
Lancaster, Lydia, 32
Langtree, 69, 70, 185, 196
Lathom House, 37
Lawford, Peter, 36
Lawson, John, 29, 50, 203
Lawson, Richard, 80, 83
Leaper, Thomas, 31, 48, 49, 52, in,
Leatherbarrow, Roger, 40, 41, 48,
51, 103, in
Leavens, Elizabeth, 44, 59
Leaver, James, 161
Lee, Charles, 38, 89, 144, 145
Lee, Christopher, 189
Lee, Roger, 149-152
Leech, John, 207
Leeds, John, 206
Lees, John, 194
Legh, Richard, 129-133
Leigh, Ellen, 77, 82, 85
Lever, Thomas, 141-143
Leyland, 61, 64, 66, 68, 70, 97, 102,
Liddell, John, 38
Liverpool, 24, 41, 158, 159, 185,
Livesey, James, 69
Livesey, Thomas, 83
Longworth, Justice, 105, 162-164,
Longworth, Roger, 46, 54
Lonsdale, 34, 63, 72, 91, 104, 203
Lorrimer, Thomas, 45, 47, 60
Lowe Church, 75, 77, 84, 87, 89
Lowe, Robert, 191
Lund, Andrew, 55, 133
Lund Chapel, 63, 72
Lune River, 10
Lunt, 103, 1 10, in
Lydiate, 41, 103, in
Macclesfield, 46, 100
Makant, Ellis, 182
Manchester, 10, 24, 37, 43, 45, 57,
62, 99, 102, 125, 148, 166, 172,
173, 184-186, 188, 190, 191, 206
Markland, Matthew, 206
Marsden, 59, 144
Marsden, Henry, 149-155
Marsden, Thomas, 41
216 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Marslaml, Ann, 129-132
Mather, Richard, 45, 50, 51, 93, 166
Mather, Thomas, 132
Masty, John, 205
Masy, Henry, 12
Mawdsley, 65, 67
Melling, 63, 72, 73, 176
Mrlling, Henry, 73
Mclling, William, 98
Mercer, Henry, 187
Mcredeth, Sir Amos, 96
Michael s, St, 169-171
Milner, Christopher, 33, 53
Milner, John, 65
Minshall, John, 44, 46, 49, 50, 52,
Mitchell, Richard, 86
Molineux, Richard, 93
Molyneux, Henry, 190
Moone, John, 35, 36, 51
Moone, Thomas, 49, 51, 52,
Moore, John, 60
Moore, Roger, 104
More, John, 86
Morley, Lord, 174-177
Morton, Edward, 53
Mosse, Isaac, 45, 51, 172, 173
Moubricke, 71, 72
M us bury, 166-168
Myers, Richard, 32, 49, 113
Myers, Thomas, 32
Nateby, 134, 187
Nayler, James, 22
Naylor, James, 205
Nay lor, John, 135-137
Newchurch, 75, 76
Newchurch in Pendle, 78, 79, 82,
Newchurch in Rossendale, 78, 87
Newcome, Henry, 186
New England, 15
Newton, 10, 16, 60
Newton cum Scales, 180
Newton, Samuel, 79, 80
Nonconformist, 62, 63, 79, 80, 99,
Norman, John, 95, 96
North Meols, 62
Nowell, Alexander, 126, 204
Nutter, John, 78
Oddy, William, 153, 155
Ogden, John, 102
Ogden, Joshua, 6l
Oldham, 60, 61, 100, 102, 148, 188,
Ormskirk, 35, 39, 62, 103, 108, no,
in, 136, 137, 168, 169, 187, 188,
Owen, Griffith, 146, 147, 159
Owen, Job, 182
Oxford, 44, 73, 119, 193
Padget, Francis, 133
Padiham, 78, 79, 83, 89, 128, 194,
Park, Richard, 113, 119
Parkinson, Eleanor, 36
Parliament, The Long, 14
Parker, Christopher, 133, 164
Parker, Col., 169
Parker, Thomas, 129, 143, 149-155
Parr, John, 72, 79, 165
Patefield, James, 77, 82, 127, 150-
Patefield, Thomas, 50
Pemberton, Phineas, 46, 130-142
Pemberton, Phoebe, 139-142
Pemberton, Ralph, 96, 139-142
Pendle, 38, 80, 82-84, 8 9"> l8 9. 1 9&
Pendle Hill, 9, 204
Pendleton, 127, 144
Penington in Furness, 197
Penington, Isaac, 194
Penketh, 136, 137, 146
Pcnketh, James, 137, 138, 146, 147
Penney, Norman, 12, 16
Pcnnington, Robert, 108, no. 114
Persecution, The Great, 208
Persons searched for arms, 203-206
Petitions, 106, 182
Penwortham, 65, 66, 70, 97
Phillips, Hugh, 54
Pigott, Mr, 176
Pilkington, James, 99
Pollard, Richard, 88
Popish Recusants in
Leyland Deanery, 64, 97
Amounderness Deanery, 71
Lonsdale Deanery, 72
Blackburn Deanery, 74, 89, 102
Warrington Deanery, 91, 97. 9&,
Manchester Deanery, 99
Poulton-le-Fylde, 36, 170, 194
Prescot, 42, 59, 135-137, 146, 159,
Preston, 24, 36, 37, 72, 103, 105,
128, 149, 171. 184, 186-197, 20 4
Preston, Patrick, 10-13, 26
Preston, Thomas, 58, 202
Prestwick, 99, 100
Procter, Anthony, 30, 72
Prophet, Richard, 44
Pye, George, 40, 41, 49, 55, in
Quaker Act, The, 198
Quaker Fines, 137-150, 181
Quakerism, Position of, at end Of
Quakerism, Present Position of,
Quaker Marriages, 106
Quaker Meeting Houses registered
for worship in 1689, 181
Do. in 1691-1720, 182-197
Lancaster District, 29
Furness District, 32
Fylde District, 35
Preston Area, 36
Blackburn District, 37
Clitheroe District, 37
Burnley District, 38, 59
Ormskirk District, 39, 59
Liverpool District, 41
Wigan District, 42
Warrington District, 43
Manchester District, 45, 60
Bolton District, 46
Haslingden District, 47, 60
Blackburn Deanery, 61
Leyland Deanery, 61
Manchester Deanery, 62
Warrington Deanery, 62
Kendal Deanery, 62
Furness Deanery, 62
Lonsdale Deanery, 63
Amounderness Deanery, 63
Quaker Presentments in
Leyland Deanery, 64, 97, 102
Amounderness Deanery, 71
Lonsdale Deanery, 72
Blackburn Deanery, 74-91
Warrington Deanery, 91-98, 102
Manchester Deanery, 99
Quakers taken at
Radcliffe, 139-141, 167
Radcliffe, Joshua, 126
Rainford, 35, 98, 103, in, 136, 137,
Railing, Joseph, 112
Ramsbotham, Henry, 81, 90
Ratcliff, James, 47, 48, 84, 87, 89,
Ratcliff, Richard, 47, 76, 81, 84,
Rawcliffe, 105, 135, 163, 169, 170
Rawlinson, Thomas, 32, 33, 35
Rawsthorne, Edward, 125
Rawsthorne, John, 167, 168
Rawsthorne, Lawrence, 45
Rawsthorne, Nicholas, 167, 168
Read, John, 77, 85
Ribble River, 26
Ribchester Church, 88
Ridgway, Ralph, 51, 172, 185, 206
Rigby, Edward, 37, 181
Rigby, Jonathan, 47, 52, 185
Rigby, Thomas, 36
Rigg, William, 34, 53
Rivmgton, 79, 165
Roberts, Lawrence, 91
Robinson, Henry, 39, 60, 76, 128
Robinson, Major, 208
Robinson, Robert, 85
Roote, Henry, 99
Roote, Timothy, 99
Rootledge, Jane, 173
Rose, Susannah, 41
Rossendale, 47, 60, 61, 75,|8o, 84,
89, 90, 166, 167, 189
Rothwell, Ann, 139-141
Royle, John, 102
Roy ton Hall, 100
Ryley Family, The, 158
2i8 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Sagar, Charles, 76, 79
Sale, Thomas, 101
Salford, 101 190, 191, 204, 207,
Salsbury, Alexander, 38, 144, 145
Salthouse, Robert, 33, 56, 113, 121
Salthouse, Thomas, 35, 113
Salthouse, William, 33, 56, 113, 121
Salwick Hall, 72
Samlesbury, 78, 79, 87, 89, 187
Sand forth, Thomas, 159
Sankey, 44, 136, 137
Sandys, Adam, 17
Sandys, Samuel, 51
Satterthwaite, George, 105, 106,
Satterthwaite, John, 51, 114
Saunder, Thomas, 81
Sawley, 149, 150, 153
Sawrey, Roger, 20, 112
Scotforth, 133, 134
Scotland, 24, 43, 208
Sedbergh, 10, 12
Seed, Jonathan, 104, 105
Seekers, 11-13, 2 5
Sellers, William, 80, 83
Sessions Order Books, 103
Sessions Records, 103
Shakerly, Sir Geoffrey, 58
Sharpe, Thomas, 32
Sharpies, Randle, 79
Shaw Chapel, 100
Shaw, George, 40, 158, 178, 183
Shaw, Giles, 100
Shawe, Thomas, 33, 34
Skelmersdale, 103, ill
Skerrow, Thomas, 30, 57, 173-177,
Simpson, Richard, 33, no
Simpson, William, 32, 49, 119
Simson, William, 37
Smallwood, Dr, 41
Smith, John, 75, 78, 81, 83, 144,
Smith, James, 34, 36
Smith, Major, 204
Smith, Nicholas, 32
Smithson, James, 39, 60, 81
Sommerton, Thomas, 60
Spencer, Edmund, 87
St Helen s Chapel, 136, 137, 146,
Stand Chapel, 186
Standish, 42, 43, 61, 66, 6*, 70,
71, 98, 165
Standish, Sir Richard, 164, 1^5
Staveley, 10, 16, 17, 204
Strettell, James, 45, 182, 185
Stretford Chapel, 102
Stout Family, The, 41, 49
Sutcliffe, John, 83, 86
Sutton, 42, 136, 137, 183
Swarthmoor, 10, 18, 19, 22, 24-16,
42, 51, 57. 106, "5
Swaledale Papers, The, 12
Sykes, James, 45, 53, 61, 148
Tarbock, Richard, 136-138
Tarbock, Thomas, 40, 42, 136-138
Tatham, 32, 63, 74, 184, 197
Tatham, Marmaduke, 30, 74, 174,
Taylor, Christopher, 12, 59
Taylor, George, 77
Taylor, Henry, 206
Taylor, James, 16
Taylor, Matthew, 80
Taylor, Roger, 178
Taylor, Seth, 165
Taylor, Thomas, 12, 59
Tetlow, Robert, 61, 148
Thome, John, 36
Thompson, Thomas, 36
Thompson, William, 36
Thompson, William, 65
Thormey, 144, 190
Thornton, 63, 74
Thropp, Roger, 161
Tilsley, John, 205-207, 208
Todmorden Chapel, 100
Toleration Act, The, 27, 198
Tomkins, Mary, 50
Tomlinson, Henry, 37, 57, 162, 195
Tomlinson, Thomas, 37, 57, 163,195
Tomlinson, William, 105
Topham, John, 74
Tottington, 45, 139-142, 166
Towers, Hugh, 112
Towers, James, 184
Towers, William, 56
Townley, Lawrence, 86
Townley, Nicholas, 143, 146
Townson, Henry, 53, no, 113
Townson, John, 29, 37, 50, 53, 57,
105, 126, 163, 164, 169, 170
Toxteth Park, 136, 137, 159, ifr
Tunstall, 74, 197
Turner, G. L., 61, 63, 200
Turner, William, 103
Twisden, Judge, 115
Twiston, 38, 81, 86, 127, 128
Tyldesley, Edmund, 197
Ulverston, 10, 17-24, 62, 104, 113,
117, 121, 184, 197, 203
Underbarrow, 10, 12, 16, 18, 26
Underwood, John, 40, 103, in
Uniformity Act, The, 21, 32, 41,
6x, 198, 207
Unsworth, Ann, 186
Unsworth, John, 168
Upholland, 91, 94. 95, 97, 9$
Vaux, William, 97
Veepon, Henry, 189
Veitch, Dr, 103
Vipon, John, 38, 55
Waddington, John, 80, 204
Waide, Robert, 80, 83, 88
Waithman, William, 31, 54, 122
Wakefield, 9, 22
Wales, Robert, 52, 117
Walker, Henry, 76
Walker, Mary, 55
Waller, Richard, 35
Walmsley, John, 181
Walmsley, Thomas, 76
Walton, 41, 1 60
Walton-le-Dale, 41, 72, 75, 77, 79,
Walton, Henry, 56
Warren, Edward, 129, 133
Warrington, 42-44, 91, 97, 98, 102,
129-133, 136, 137, 146, 160, 161,
164, 1 86, 189, 205
Warton, 31, 62, in
Waterhouse, N., 35, 42
Watson, Mary, 172, 173
Watson, Peter, 204
Watson, Samuel, 135
Wavertree, 160, 190
Weaver, Richard, 36, 50
Weaver, William, 169-171
Welch, Henry, 208
West, Christopher, 50, 78, 88, 91
West, William, 123
Westby Hall, 71
Westby, Mrs, 71
Westhoughton, 46, 101, 207
Westmorland, 10, u, 25, 26, 58
Whalley, 38, 74, 78, 80, 83-85, 88,
89, 91, 128, 143, 152, 153, 189
Whalley, Roger, 189
Whalley, William, 39, 55, 57
Wharton, Lord, 12
Whipp, James, 38, 39, 75, 77, Hi,
82, 86, 127-129
\Vhitaker, James, 38
White, John, 35, 51, 53, 126, 195
Whitehead, Thomas, 24
Whittaker, James, 87
Whittle, 68, 70, 71
Widders, Robert, 24, 30, 49, 52,
60, 104, 108, in, 112, 121, 126,
Widders, Thomas, 31
Wigan, 34, 40, 42, 93-98, 109, no,
156-161, 164, 165, 168, 183,
185, 187, 189-190, 204
W r igan, John, 32
Wilde, Isaac, 100, 148
Wilde, James, 172, 173
Wildman, Elizabeth, 32
Wildman, Geoffrey, 74
Wildman, Marmaduke, 73
Wilkinson, Anne, 60, 79
Wilkinson, Christopher, 149-155
Wilkinson, Hugh, 150, 151
Wilkinson, James, 60
Wilkinson, Lawrence, 79
Wilkinson, Richard, 75
Wilkinson-Story Separation, The,
Williamson, Mrs, 204
Williamson, William, 204
Willoughby (Willeby), 205
Wilson, John, 206
Wilson, Michael, no
Wilson, Richard, 77
Wilson, Thomas, 104, 113
Wilson, William, 52
Windermere, 16, 34
Windle, 103, in, 1 35-137, 1 57>
158, 177-179, 205
Winstanley, 158, 185
Winstanley Family, The, 158
Winstanley, Peter, 168
Winterbotham, Gervase, 65
220 QUAKER MOVEMENT IN LANCASHIRE
Win wick, 91, 92, 95-98, 102
Wiswell, 79, 91
Withnell, 68, 70
Wolsley Family, The, 158
Wood, Henry, 47, 48, 51, 53, 56,
Wood, James, 207
Wood, John, 45, 51
Wood burn, Mary, 56
Woodward, Edward, 68
Worthington, Alice, 139-142
Worthington, Esther, 139-142, 162
Worthington, James, 139-142
Wray, 30, 173-177, 191
Wright, James, 44
Wright, John, 205
Wrightington, 20 }
Wymondhouses, 20 \
Yarrow Bridge, 204
Yanvay, Elizabeth, 136-138
Yates, Roger, 206
Yealand, 12, 31, 43, in, 112, 184,
Yorkshire, 9, 12, 59, 99
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7670 Early stages of the
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