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Full text of "Early Yorkshire charters; being a collection of documents anterior to the thirteenth century made from the public records, monastic chartularies, Roger Dodsworth's manuscripts and other available sources"

EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 




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EARLY 
YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



BEING 

A COLLECTION OF DOCUMENTS ANTERIOR TO THE THIRTEENTH 

CENTURY MADE FROM THE PUBLIC RECORDS, MONASTIC 

CHARTULARIES, ROGER DODSWORTH'S MANUSCRIPTS 

AND OTHER AVAILABLE SOURCES 



EDITED BY 

WILLIAM FARRER, HoN.D.Lirr. 

EDITOR OF "THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS AND EARLY CHARTERS, 

"THE COCKERSAND CHARTULARY," ETC., AND ONE OF THE 

EDITORS OF "THE VICTORIA COUNTY HISTORY 

OF LANCASHIRE " 



IN SIX VOLUMES 
VOL. Ill 




PRINTED FOR THE EDITOR BY 

BALLANTYNE, HANSON 6- CO., EDINBURGH 

1916 



DR 



AVAILABLE 




PREFACE 



THE present volume is occupied to a large extent with the 
charters of the Lascy and Albemarle fees in Yorkshire. The 
caput of the Lascy barony was at Pontefract, and that of the 
Albemarle fee for all England was nominally at Skipsea in 
Holderness. Brixworth in Northamptonshire may at first have 
been the caput of William Meschin's fee, but Skipton held that 
position later in the twelfth century, when Brixworth was 
included in the pourparty of William de Curci. It is this latter 
pourparty which has for convenience been denominated the 
" fee of Meschin " in the present volume ; the Skipton charters 
will follow in their due order. The honor of Lancaster arose 
when the fee of Roger the Poitevin was conferred on Stephen 
of Blois about the year 1113. Part of the honor of Eye in 
Suffolk, which had been Robert Malet's, was also given to 
Stephen, but the Eye charters here printed are included in 
the Malet fee. This heading embraces lands held by Robert 
Malet in 1086 ; after his death or forfeiture most of his lands 
in Yorkshire were severed from the honor of Eye and given 
to Nigel de Aubigny, thus becoming part of the Mowbray fee. 

With regard to the difficult problem raised by Vescy's 
succession to certain Yorkshire manors included in the Domes- 
day fief of Ralf de Mortemer (pp. 486-8), Mr. J. H. Round 
informs the editor that the Pipe Roll of 1187 (33 Henry II) 
to which he is writing an introduction contains, on p. 93, 
evidence that Wintringham and Knapton, North Ferriby, with 
Swanland and Braithwaite, and Newsholme, with Brind, Wressel 
and Gribthorpe, were then in the king's hands through the 
minority of William de Vescy. 

Part of the holding of Ralph de Mortemer in 1086 in 
Lincolnshire, together with all that in Yorkshire, was clearly 
granted to a predecessor of Eustace Fitz-John, possibly Ives 
de Vescy, but the service of Eustace for that fee seems to 
have been given to Nigel de Aubigny. Still it is not clear 
whether Aubigny was tenant in chief and Mortemer mesne, 
or vice versa. A discussion of the matter will be found under 
n. 1877. 

The Hallamshire fee was chiefly formed of lands once held 
by Earl Waltheof and the Countess Judith his wife, niece of the 



vi EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Conqueror. In the time of Henry I Hallamshire was held by 
David of Scotland ; later the Luvetots, who had probably been 
undertenants, and the Furnivals held it. 

The following are the sections included in this volume : 

XXIII. The fee of Hallamshire 1266-1298 

XXIV. The Holderness fee of Albemarle . . . 1299-1410 
XXV. The honor of Lancaster 1411-1413 

XXVI. The Lascy fee 1414-1526 

Subsections relating to the holdings of Foliot, 

Lasceles and other tenants . . . . 1527-1821 

XXVII. The Malet fee 1822-1860 

XXVIII. The fee of Meschin 1861-1876 

XXIX. The fee of Mortemer 1877-1897 

The only cartce returned in 1166 relating to these fees were 
those of Henry de Lascy (n. 1508) and William de Curci 
(n. 1865). 

In addition to the topographical and genealogical information, 
of which the charters are full, there are as usual numerous 
references to other matters of interest. Among these may be 
mentioned the evidence for the grant of part at least of Holder- 
ness to Arnulf de Montgomery (n. 1300); the stories of the 
foundation of Hood or Byland (n. 1833), Meaux (n. 1377), 
Nostell (n. 1428), Nuncoton (n. 1329), and Pontefract (n. 1485); 
references to the building of York Minster (n. 1645), the death 
of Archbishop William (n. 1824) and his miracles (n. 1621) ; and 
the laws of the borough of Grimsby when adopted at Pontefract 
(n. 1523), with their reference to the chief officer as \hzpretor, 
as at Clitheroe. Great lords like Henry de Lascy and Roger 
de Mowbray confess the injuries they had inflicted on various 
churches and religious houses during the anarchy of Stephen's 
time (nos. 1497, 1506, 1823). The latter's case is the more 
interesting, as it appears from n. 1826 that the archbishop and 
canons of York had not forgotten the matter even twenty years 
afterwards, but still taunted him about it; whereupon he 
appealed to the pope to stop them, alleging that he had made 
ample restitution. The succession of the archdeacons of York 
is noticed in n. 1830. Various references to the mining and 
forging of iron show that the Yorkshire monks paid attention to 
the development of the industry (nos. 1725, 1728, 1750, etc.). 
The arrival of " my ship from England " was obviously an im- 
portant event in the yearly account of a Norman baron with 
lands in this country (n. 1304). The late formation of the 
county of Lancaster is shown by the description of Whalley as 
"in Cheshire," 1123-1 154 (pp. 169, 181). 

Of local value at least is the lengthy document by which 
Archbishop Henry separated the new parishes of Bracewell and 
Marton from Barnoldswick. Personal touches are provided in 



PREFACE Vii 

many cases, as in the resignation by Bishop Adelwald of the 
priory of Nostell, " for fear of death and in peril of my soul " 
(n. 1473), and in the testimony of John de Penigeston (n. 1787) 
to a bequest of Henry de Wlflei, made in view of his own de- 
parture on " the journey to Jerusalem," probably in the crusade 
of 1 1 88; possibly also in the phrase which frequently recurs in 
Adam de Birkin's benefactions, stating that they were made, 
among other purposes, for the sake of "those who may have 
sinned through me." Such a phrase may be due merely to the 
clerk who wrote the charter, but it does not occur in other 
men's gifts. Some spurious or doubtful charters have been 
printed; see, for instance, nos. 1451, 1485, 1635, 1893. 

la the notes to the charters will be found accounts of the 
following families, among others : 

Albemarle (Nos. 1299, 1375), Arches (n. 1586), Autrey (n. 1620), Beeston 
{ri. 1618), Birkin (nos. 1721, 1748), Birkthwaite (n. 1798), Brus (n. 1352), 
Campeaux (n. 1547), Castley (n. 1869), Cauz (n. 1732), Chevrecurt (n. 1771), 
Cridling (n. 1762), Curci (n. 1862), Day (n. 1607), Denby (nos. 1685, 1807, 
1811), Ecclesfield (n. 1278), Elland (n. 1524), Fairburn (n. 1749), Fetherston 
{n. 1601), Fitz-Aldelin (n. 1641), Fitz-Swane (n. 1663), Fitz- William (n. 1690), 
Foliot (nos. 1528, 1535), Fribois (n. 1356), Frismareis (n. 1402), Friston 
{n. 1541), Gouxhill (n. 1341), Gramaire (n. 1434), Grimston (n. 1379), Hedon 
(n. 1371), Horbury (n. 1756), Ingram (n. 1840), Lascelles (nos. 1544, 1546), 
Lascy (nos. 1449, 1491, 1508), L'Isle (n. 1616), Longvillers (nos. 1582, 1647), 
Luvetot (n. 1266), Malbisse (n. 1847), Maltravers (n. 1489), Meaux(n. 1394), 
Mortemer (n. 1877), Notton (n. 1713), Otteringham (n. 1366), Peitevin (nos. 
1556, 1558), Percy of Carnaby (n. 1403), Preston of Preston (n. 1662), 
Preston of Purston Jaglin (n. 1598), Rainevill (n. 1574), Rither (n. 1646), 
Ruhale (nos. 1622, 1623, 1625), Scott of Calverley (n. 1654), Scrutevill 
(n. 1353), Scures (n. 1345), Sornervill (n. 1651), Stapleton (nos. 1540, 1633), 
Stiveton (n. 1743), Surdeval (n. 1882), Sutton (n. 1374), Tong (n. 1766), 
Toulston (n. 1607), Veilly (n. 1585), Vescy (nos. 1877, 1888), Waleys 
(n. 1553), Wenrevill (n. 1590), and Yeadon (n. 1873). 

The descents of Elland and Ruhale are of special interest 
as tracing the families to pre-Conquest ancestors, Gamel and 
Baret respectively. The possibility of a similar ancestry for 
the Birkins is indicated under n. 1768. 

By a slip of the pen Herbert the chamberlain of Henry I 
is incorrectly described in the Introduction to vol. ii (p. vi) as 
Herbert Fitz- Aubrey. 

As in former volumes special thanks are due to Professor 
James Tait of Manchester for reading through the proofs and 
making many suggestions and some useful corrections. Mr. J. 
H. Round, who also has read some of the proofs, has identified 
" Riparia " as " River " in Kent, instead of Ripe in Sussex, as 
incorrectly recorded in vol. ii, p. 434, and has given the editor 
valuable advice. Through the courtesy of Sir William Ingilby 
of Ripley, Bart., and Major Guy Wentworth of Woolley Park it 
has been possible to copy many charters from the second volume 



Viii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

of the Fountains chartulary in the former's possession, and 
from the Monk Bretton chartulary in the latter's possession, and 
also to revise the Pontefract charters printed by the late Mr. 
R. Holmes from the chartulary preserved at Woolley Park. It 
may be useful to add that of the four volumes of the Fountains 
chartulary the first and third are in the British Museum, the 
second (as above stated) is in the possession of Sir William 
Ingilby, Bart., and the fourth is in the John Rylands Library at 
Manchester. A few folios cut out of the second volume are at 
Studley Royal, where the Marquis of Ripon has also an abridge- 
ment of the cartulary in one volume ; a fine copy of this, made 
about 1500, is in the British Museum, and a supplementary 
volume is in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. At Ripley there 
was also, in Dodsworth's time, a chartulary of Bolton Priory, 
which has long been missing ; reference will also be found within 
(n. 1428) to a chronicle of Nostell Priory, which possibly is now 
in the possession of Lord St. Oswald, but has not been examined 
by the editor. Mr. William Brown of Sowerby, Thirsk ; Mr. W. 
Paley Baildon of Stone Court, Lincoln's Inn ; Mr. T. Walter Hall 
of Sheffield; and the Rev. H. E. Salter of Shirburn Vicarage, 
Oxon., are thanked for supplying the editor with copies of various 
charters. To Mr. John Brownbill the editor is heavily indebted 
for assistance in transcribing charters, correcting proofs, and 
giving valuable assistance in the preparation of this volume. 

W. FARRER. 

HALL GARTH, CARNFORTH, 
May, 1916. 



CONTENTS 



XXIII. THE FEE OF HALLAMSHIRE 

PAGE 

1266. Richard de Luvetot to Kirkstead hermitage in Ecclesfield. 

1150-60 i 

1267. Further grant to the same. 1156-60 i 

1268. Agreement between the monks of St. Wandrille and Richard 

de Luvetot as to riddings between Sheffield and Ecclesfield. 
1161 6 

1269. William de Luvetot confirms his father's gifts to Kirkstead. 

1171-81 7 

1270. The same William to Roger the baker land at Brightside. 

1171-81 8 

1271. The same to the infirm of Sheffield land by Don bridge. 

1171-81 8 

1272. The same to Worksop mill at Holme Carr and part of the 

church of Sheffield. 1171-81 9 

1273. The same to Uctred the usher land in Handsworth. 1171-81 9 

1274. Uctred the usher to Kirkstead land in Handsworth. 1181-90 10 

1275. The same to the same further gift in Handsworth. 1181-90 . 10 

1276. Release by the heirs of Uctred the usher to Kirkstead of Uctred's 

land in Handsworth. 1190-1200 1 1 

1277. Gerard de Furnival confirms to Roche land in Todwick. 

1200-18 12 

1278. Henry II notifies the settlement of a dispute between the monks 

of St. Wandrille and Jeremiah de Eglesfeld touching the church 

of Ecclesfield and its chapels. 1188 12 

1279. Gerard de Furnival confirms to Kirkstead the gifts of Richard 

de Luvetot and his son. 1200-1218 ...... 14 

1280. The same Gerard confirms the gift of Uctred. 1200-10 . . 15 

1281. Ralph Blund to Kirkstead the land of Berebroc. 1200-18 . 15 

1282. The same to the same land in Woodhouse. 1200-18 . . 16 

1283. Roger de Wodehus to Kirkstead land in Woodhouse. 1200-18 16 

1284. Hawise sister of Roger confirms the above. 1200-18 . . 17 

1285. Ralph Blund confirms gifts to Kirkstead. 1200-18 ... 17 

1286. Robert de Luvetot to Richard de Acton a moiety of Bramley 

in Handsworth. 11901200 18 

1287. Richard de Acton and his sons to Kirkstead land in Bramley. 

1190-1200 18 

1288. Henry de Luvetot confirms the same. 1205-18 ... 19 

1289. Richard de Acton to Kirkstead messuage in Bramley. 1200-30 19 

1290. The same to the same further land in Bramley. 1200-30 . 20 



x EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

FACE 

1291. Hugh de Bramley to Kirkstead land in Bramley. 1200-18 . 20 

1292. The same to the same a further gift 1200-18 .... 20 

1293. Henry de Luvetot to Kirkstead toft in Bramley. 1205-18 . 21 

1294. Gerard de Furnival gives a further confirmation. 1200-18 . 22 

1295. The same Gerard to William de Berri land in Lund in Eccles- 

field. 1200-18 22 

1296. The same Gerard to Kirkstead a moiety of Woodhouse mill. 

1200-18 23 

1297. The same to the same land for a mill by Bacheburn. 1200-18 24 

1298. Matilda de Luvetot confirms the same. 1218-25 ... 24 

XXIV. HOLDERNESS : ALBEMARLE FEE 

1299. Odo count of Champagne to St. Mary's, York Hornsea. 

1087-95 26 

1300. Arnulf de Montgomery to St. Martin's, Sees tithes in Holder- 

ness. 1098-1102 27 

1301. Henry I orders that the abbot of York shall hold Hornsea Mere. 

1 1 12-22 28 

1302. Everard de Ros acknowledges that his right to fish in Hornsea 

Mere is by licence of St. Mary's abbey. 1135-50 . . . .29 

1303. Geoffrey abbot of St. Mary's to Richard son of Godive land 

in Wassand. 1122-37 29 

1304. Stephen count of Aumale to Beauvais demesne tithes in 

Holderness, etc. 1115 . . . . . . -30 

1305. William earl of York to St. Peter's Hospital, Yprk a thrave from 

each plough in Holderness. 1138-54 33 

1306. The same to Bridlington lands in Ottringham, etc. 1147-54 . 34 

1307. William earl of Albemarle to Aumale tithes in Holderness. 

11601-62 35 

1308. The same to Newton Garth hospital land in Newton Garth, etc. 

"70-75 37 

1309. The same to Nun Coton land at Paull. 1154-79 ... 39 

1310. William de Mandeville to Bridlington church of Boynton, etc. 

"79-89 . . 40 

1311. The same to Walter the Chamberlain land in Holme-on-the- 

Wolds. 1179-89 41 

1312. Benefactions to St. Mary's, Thornton. Before 1190 ... 41 

1313. William earl of York to St. Peter's Hospital toft in Hedon. 

1138-42 43 

1314. William earl of Albemarle to the same toft in Hedon, etc. 

1138-42 . ....... 44 

1315. Monks of Meaux to Robert son of Benedict messuage in Hedon. 

1150-60 44 

1316. Henry II to William earl of Albemarle free burgage in Hedon. 

"67-70 45 

1317. Brethren of St. Sepulchre's, Hedon, to Herbert son of Everard 

toft in Tunstall. 1200-30 46 



CONTENTS xi 



PAGE 



1318. Stephen earl of Albemarle confirms to Pontefract a mediety of 

church of Catwick. 1120-27 46 

1319. Archbp. Thurstan confirms the same. 1120-40. ... 47 

1320. William earl of Albemarle also confirms it. 1150-60 . . 47 

1321. Peter de Faucomberg to Pontefract mediety of Catwick 

church. 1154-60 47 

1322. Another charter of the same. 1205-30 48 

1323. Bertram prior of Pontefract to William priest of Catwick a 

bovate in Catwick. 1 160-80 ....... 49 

1324. Everard de Withic releases to Pontefract his right in Catwick 

church. 1180-90 49 

1325. Peter de Faucpmberg releases to Beverley Odo son of Roger. 

1180-90 50 

1326. Stephen earl of Albemarle confirms to Bridlington the church 

ofBoynton. 1120-27 50 

1327. William earl of Albemarle confirms the same. 1127-40 . . 51 

1328. Alan de Monceaux to Bridlington hospital land in Winkton. 

H27-35 Si 

1329. The same Alan to Nun Coton the town of Nun Colon. 

H47-53 5i 

1330. Everard son of Peter de Ros to Bridlington Atwick church. 

1138-40 52 

1331. Agnes de Arches to Nunkeeling church of Nunkeeling, etc. 

H44-54 53 

1332. Archbp. William confirms the same. 1143-54 .... 53 

1333. Richard de St. Quintin confirms the sarrfe. 1147-70. . . 54 

1334. William earl of Albemarle confirms a gift in Nunkeeling. 

H54-68 55 

1335. Archbp. Roger confirms gifts to Nunkeeling. 1164-70 . . 55 

1336. Alexander 1 1 1 confirms the same. 1159-81 .... 56 

1337. Alice de St. Quintin confirms her mother's gifts, etc. 1175- 

1185 58 

1338. The same Alice to William her son Immingham. 1157-80 . 59 

1339. Ralph de Goxa to Bridlington land in Goxhill (Lines.). 1147- 

1168 59 

1340. William earl of Albemarle confirms to Bridlington land in Gox- 

hill, etc. 1147-68 60 

1341. Robert son of Erneis confirms to Bridlington the church of 

Goxhill. 1154-68 60 

1342. Henry de Gousla to Robert de Sprotlay land in Goxhill. 1152 62 

1343. Inquiry as to a gift to Bridlington of land in Sproatley. 1189- 

1217 62 

1344. Walter de Vere confirms to Bridlington the church of Sproatley. 

1200-1213 63 

1345. Robert de Scures to Gilbert the cook land in Long Riston. 

1145-66 63 

1346. The same to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in Long Riston. 

1145-66 . . 64 



xii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1347. Gerame de Normanby confirms to Bridlington land in Flinton. 

1163-65 65 

1348. William de Scures restores to Hornsea church whatever his 

chapel of Long Riston had taken away. 1160-75 ... 66 

1349. Matilda de Scures to Henry de Scures land in Long Riston. 

1185-1200 66 

1350. The same confirms to Meaux land in Heigholme. 1175-1200 . 67 

1351. Final concord between the abbot of Meaux and Osbert son of 

Godfrey, etc., as to land in Heigholme. 1187. . . .68 

1352. William earl of Albemarle to his niece Eufemia de Brus Dim- 

lington near Patrington. 1150-60 68 

1353. William de Stutevill (? Scrutevill) to Bridlington land at Little 

Hill. 1180-1200 70 

1354. Walter de Tanet releases to Adam de Meaux homage for land 

in Out Newton. 1145-60 71 

1355. Robert Talun to Bridlington land in Out Newton. 1160-75 . 71 

1356. Odo Fribois to Bridlington land in Skipsea and Kelk. 1160- 

1175 72 

1357. Peter de Fribois to Bridlington land in Barrow (exchange). 

1180-90 73 

1358. Ernald de Montbegon to Bridlington church of Beeford. 

H57-70 74 

1359. Agreement between Bridlington and Thornton as to Beeford 

church. 1175-84 74 

1360. Hugh de Puiset confirms to Swine the church there. 1141-53 . 75 

1361. Erenburga de Burton to Swine land in Fraisthorpe. 1155-70 76 

1362. Henry II confirms to Swine various churches, etc. 1163-72 . 77 

1363. A further confirmation. 1181 78 

1364. Robert the Constable, of Halsham, to Meaux land in Tharles- 

thorpe. 1188 79 

1365. William del Fur agrees with Robert the Constable as to claims 

against Robert's tenants. 1203-20 80 

1366. William de Ottringham to Bridlington Ottringham church. 

II34-3 8 8l 

1367. Archbp. Thurstan confirms to Bridlington the churches of 

Ottringham and Atwick. 1130-33 82 

1368. Thori of Ottringham releases to Bridlington land in Ottringham. 

1154-63 82 

1369. William de Ottringham II to Nun Colon use of Paull ferry. 

1156-85 83 

1370. The same to the same rent from Hackthorne, etc. 1156-85 . 83 

1371. Hugh de Verli to Bridlington toft in Ottringham. 1165-75 . 84 

1372. Martin Martel and Agnes his wife confirm to Bridlington the 

church of Ottringham. 1190-1200 84 

1373. William earl of Albemarle confirms an exchange between Meaux 

and Saer de Sutton. 1150-67 85 

1374. The same to Whitby rent of mark from William de Sutton. 

1170-79 85 



CONTENTS x iii 

PACK 

1375. The same to St. Nicholas's, Exeter rent from Holmton. 1164- 

1179 86 

1376. Hawise the countess confirms the same. 1195-1210 ... 88 

1377. Adam de Burton confirms to St. Mary's, York, land in Hornsea 

Burton. 1145-61 . . . .88 

1378. The abbot of St. Mary's to Ingram de Burton land in Hornsea 

Burton. 1150-61 89 

1379. Exchange between William earl of Albemarle and John de 

Meaux of Bewick for Meaux. 1149-50 89 

1380. William earl of Albemarle to Meaux land of Meaux. 1150 . 91 

1381. The same William makes a further grant. 1150-53 ... 91 

1382. Henry II confirms the exchange of Bewick for Meaux. 1163- 

H74 92 

1383. Eugenius III confirms gifts to Meaux. 1151 .... 93 

1384. Anastasius IV also confirms. 1154 , .94 

1385. Stephen confirms various gifts to Meaux. 1154. ... 96 

1386. Henry duke of Normandy also confirms. 1154 . . . . 97 

1387. Henry II as king confirms the same. 1158-62 .... 97 

1388. Adrian IV confirms many gifts to Meaux. 1156 . . .98 

1389. Henry II acquits the monks of Meaux of tolls, etc. 1154-61 . 100 

1390. Henry II grants to Meaux a general confirmation. 1158-62 . 101 

1391. Alexander III confirms gifts to Meaux. 1172 .... 101 

1392. The same pope gives another confirmation. 1177 . . . 103 

1393. The same pope sanctions agreements as to tithes. 1170-80 . 105 

1394. Robert de Meaux to Meaux land near the Hull. 1180-96 . 105 

1395. William earl of Albemarle to Ralph de Ulram land in Ulrome. 

1150-70 106 

1396. William earl of Albemarle to Bridlington a rent from Ulrome. 

1160-78 107 

1397. Agreement between the church of Skeckling and the chapel of 

Nuttles as to dues, etc. 1154-80 107 

1398. Convent of Aumale allow to Hugh son of Benedict a chapel 

at Nuttles. 1203-21 108 

1399. William earl of Albemarle confirms an exchange between Simon 

de Sceftling and the men of SkefHing. 1150-76 . . . 109 

1400. William earl of Albemarle's grants in Skeffling. 1165-79. . 109 

1401. Simon de Skefling to Burstall church land in Skeffling. 1175- 

1195 1 10 

1402. Osbert Frisemarais to Robert Talun homages in Brigham and 

Beeford. 1187-1207 ill 

1403. The same Osbert to William de Percy land in Frisemarais. 

1187-1207 113 

1404. The same Osbert to Bridlington land in Brigham. 1187-1207 113 

1405. William earl of Albemarle to Gilo the falconer land in Dring- 

hoe. 1160-70 114 

1406. The same William to William de Cauz land in Thorpe. 1160- 

1179 . US 

1407. William de Cauz to Meaux land in Thorpe. 1182-97 . . 115 



Xiv EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1408. Isaac de Skirlington to Newburgh rent from Skirlington. 

H77-90 H5 

1409. Walter le Nair to Swine land in Skirlington. 1188-91 . .116 

1410. John de Oke'ton to Bridlington Hallytreeholme, etc. 1175-90 117 

XXV. HONOR OF LANCASTER 

1411. Ralph Pluket confirms to Roche the land of Brantcliffe in 

Anston. 1189-1201 118 

1412. Agreement between the monks of Roche and the men of Anston 

as to pasturage. 1176-89 120 

1413. Nicholas de St. Paul releases his right in Brantcliffe. 1202-3 . 121 

XXVI. LASCY FEE 

1414. William I confirms to Selby Ilbert'sgift of Hambleton. 1086-7 123 

1415. William II gives to Ilbert de Lascy the custom of his castelry. 

1088-95 123 

1416. William II confirms to Robert de Lascy the land his father had. 

1095-1100 124 

1417. William II ratifies an exchange of Ingoldmells and Wootton. 

1095-1100 124 

1418. Henry I grants to Robert de Lascy land of Pontefract castelry. 

iico-2 125 

1419. Same to same a carucate of land in Woolley. 1100-14 I2 5 

1420. Same to same confirmation of Bowland. 1102-14 . . . 126' 

1421. Same to same grants the Yorkshire land of William de Say. 

1102-14 126 

1422. Same to same protection from afforestation. 1104-14 . . 127 

1423. Henry I confirms to Selby the town of Hambleton. noi-8 . 127 

1424. Henry I to Nostell the church of Bambrough. 1119-20 . 128 

1425. Same to same the wood called St. Oswald's wood. 1120-22 . 128 

1426. Same to same the underwood near St. Oswald's. 1120-29 . 128 

1427. Same to same permission to build the church above the vivary. 

1121-2 . 129 

1428. Same to same general confirmation. 1121-7 .... 129 

1429. Prior Odo confirms the exchange of Featherston church. 1 120- 

1122 136 

1430. Henry I confirms various gifts to Nostell. 1120-22 . . . 136 

1431. The same confirms the exchange of Featherston church for a 

mediety of Pontefract castle church. 1123-7 . . . .137 

1432. Another confirmation of the same. 1119-28 .... 138 

1433. Henry I to Nostell a fair on St. Oswald's day. 1115-20 . . 139 

1434. Same to same confirmation of gifts by Robert de Lascy and 

Ralph le Gramaire. 1120-29 1 39 

1435. Same to same confirmation of various churches and land. 

1123-7 141 

1436. Same to same grants freedom from toll, etc. 1122-33 . . 142 



CONTENTS XV 

PAGE 

1437. Same to same confirms liberties. 1122-33 .... 142 

1438. Henry I orders that the churches of Salomon the clerk shall be 

free of gelds, etc. 1120-33 142 

1439. Henry I confirms to Nostell the church of Tickhill castle, etc. 

1126-33 ... 143, 

1440. Stephen acquits the men of Ilbert de Lascy. 1135-41. . . 143 

1441. Stephen confirms to Nostell the fair at St. Oswald's day. 1 135-9 144 

1442. Stephen to Nostell a fair at Woodkirk. 1135-9 144 

1443. Same to same confirmation of liberties. 1135-40 . . . 145 

1444. Stephen grants immunity to the churches of Salomon the clerk. 

H35-40 145 

1445. Stephen to Jordan de Lascy the manor of " Snotinton." 1 136- 

ii54 145 

1446. Stephen confirms to Henry de Lascy the castle of Almondbury, 

etc. 1142-54 146 

1447. Stephen to Nostell general confirmation. 1153-4 . . . 146 

1448. Stephen to Pontefract grant of churches of St. Sampson and 

St. Benet, York. 1154 . . 146 

1449. Henry II to Henry de Lascy general pardon. 1154-6 . . 147 

1450. Another pardon. 1154-6 148 

1451. Henry II confirms to Pontefract lands and churches already 

given. 1155-7 149 

1452. Henry II confirms to Kirkstall gifts by Henry de Lascy and 

others. 1155-62 152 

1453. Henry II grants his protection to the canons of Nostell. 1156-9 154 

1454. Henry II acquits of toll the corrody and possessions of the 

canons of Nostell. 1155-62 154 

1455. Henry II confirms to St. Peter's Hospital, York, land in 

Cridling. 1155-77 154 

1456. Henry II confirms to Nostell the church of Bambrough. 1164- 

"75 I5S 

1457. A further confirmation. 1180-84 155 

1458. Henry II orders a warranty of Stixwould in favour of Nostell. 

"64-75 155 

1459. Henry II confirms Crofton to Henry de Lascy. 1172-7 . . 156 

1460. Henry II confirms Castleford and other churches to the hospital 

of St. Lazarus at Jerusalem. 1178-84 

1461. Henry II to Kirkstall a general confirmation. 1170-73 . 

1462. Henry II takes Kirkstall into his protection. 1170-85 . . 

1463. Henry II confirms to Paulin de Leeds land in Leeds. 1181-9 . 

1464. David king of Scots gives 3 marks a year to Nostell. 1 136-52 . 

1465. The monks of Charite release to Nostell the church of St. Oswald. 

1109-14 159 

1466. Archbp. Thurstan gives a prebend in York Minster to the canons 

of St. Oswald. 1130-40 160 

1467. Confirmation of the same. 1130-40 161 

1468. Archbp. Thurstan confirms Dod worth to Pontefract priory. 

"35-7 l6z 



xvi EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1469. The same confirms other gifts to Pontefract. 1136-40 . . 163 

1470. Agreement concerning the church of Darrington. 1137-40 . 163 

1471. Bracewell and Marton made parishes separate from Barnolds- 

wick. 1147-50 164 

1472. The chapter of York to Pontefract a moiety of Ledsham. 

1148-9 1 66 

1473. Savard is elected prior of Nostell. 1153-4 167 

1474. He is recommended to the chapter of York. 1153-4 . 168 

1475. Archbp. Theobald confirms gifts to Pontefract. 1153-4 . . 168 

1476. Archbp. William confirms the same. 1153-4 .... 170 

1477. Archbp. Roger confirms the same. 1154-61 .... 171 

1478. Agreement between Bernard de Silkeston and Pontefract con- 

cerning the town of Dod worth. 1158-64 . . . .173 

1479. Archbp. Roger confirms Kippax church to Pontefract. 1158- 

1164 173 

1480. The same confirms to Nostell a prebend in York Minster. 

II54-8I 174 

1481. The same confirms to Nostell Featherston and other churches. 

1164-81 174 

1482. Alexander III confirms to Pontefract all possessions. 1161 . 175 

1483. Ilbert de Lascy and Hadrude his wife to Holy Trinity, Rouen 

land at Tinge wick. 1088-94 176 

1484. Robert de Lascy to Selby confirmation of Hambleton. 1094- 

1115 176 

1485. Robert de Lascy to Pontefract grant of Dodworth. 1108-14 . 177 

1486. Hugh de Laval confirms to La Charite gifts by Robert de Lascy. 

1123-4 179 

1487. Hugh de Laval to Pontefract the mill at Pontefract. 1122-9. 181 

1488. Hugh de Laval to Nostell South Kirkby and other churches. 

1119-29 . . 182 

1489. William Maltravers and Dalmeta his wife to Pontefract rent of 

I mark. 1130-6 183 

1490. Lucy countess of Chester to Spalding confirmation of Spalding. 

"35 184 

1491. Ilbert de Lascy II to Selby confirmation of Hambleton. 1135- 

1141 184 

1492. Foundation of St. Clement's church in Pontefract Castle. 

"37-9 185 

1493. Ilbert de Lascy II confirms his father's gifts to Pontefract. 

1135-42 . 188 

1494. Alice de Gant to Pontefract a carucate in Ingoldmells. 1 147- 

1155 188 

1495. Henry de Lascy confirms the same. 1144-55 l %9 

1496. Henry de Lascy to Pontefract tithe of his venison. 1144-50. 189 

1497. The canons of Nostell pardon Henry de Lascy the wrongs he 

had done them. 1153-55 ........ 189 

1498. Ranulf earl of Chester to Henry de Lascy Lowdham and East 

Bridgford. 1149-53 . . 190 



CONTENTS 



1499. Henry de Lascy procures the dedication of St. John's priory, 

Pontefract. 1154-8 ......... i^j 

1500. Henry de Lascy to Kirkstall a mark yearly from Clitheroe. 

1150-59 .......... 192 

1501. Henry de Lascy to Pontefract Kellingley. 1147-54 . . 193 

1502. Henry de Lascy to St. Peter's Hospital, York lands in Dar- 

rington, etc. 1155-70 ........ I94 

1503. Henry de Lascy notifies archbp. Roger of his agreement with 

Nostell. 1154-9 ......... 194 

1504. Henry de Lascy to Pontefract confirms all possessions in his 

fee. 1154-61 .......... 195 

1505. Same to same grants to the church of Kippax. 116070 . 196 

1506. Henry de Lascy confirms Hambleton to Selby. 1155-77 . . 196 

1507. The same confirms to Rievaulx the land of Oggethwaite. 

H58-77 ........... 197 

1508. Henry de Lascy's return of his knight's fees. 1166 . . . .197 

1509. Robert de Lascy to Kirkstall vaccary called Brakinley. 

1177-85 ........... 200 

1510. Same to same general confirmation. 1177-85. . . . 200 

1511. Same to same messuage in Pontefract. 1177-88 . . . 202 

1512. Kirkstall to Reiner de Pontefract messuage in Pontefract. 

1177-88 ........ . . .202 

1513. Robert de Lascy to William deVescy bovate in Great Marsden. 

1180-93 ........... 2O 3 

1514. Robert de Lascy to Pontefract bovate in Great Marsden. 

1180-93 ........... 204 

1515. Robert de Lascy to Hugh de Stapleton land in Horton and 

Clayton. 1177-93 ......... 204 

1516. Robert de Lascy to Nostell general confirmation. 1177-93 . 204 

1517. Robert de Lascy to Fountains pasture in Marsden. 1177-93. 2O 5 

1518. Fine concerning Barwick in Elmet. 1182 ..... 206 

1519. Another fine concerning the same. 1184 ..... 206 

1520. Robert de Lascy to Walter de Grindleton land in Grubhall. 

1177-93 ........... 2 6 

1521. Robert de Lascy confirms to Pontefract a tenement in Ponte- 

fract. 1185-93 .......... 2 7 

1522. Agreement between Albreda de Lisours and Roger constable 

of Chester concerning Robert de Lascy's land. 1194 . . 208 

1523. Roger de Lascy grants liberties to his burgesses of Pontefract. 

1194 ............ 209 

1524. Agreement between Henry de Helandand Robert de Clivercher 

concerning land in Cliviger. 1195-6 ..... 211 

1525. Roger de Lascy confirms to Byland all possessions in his fee. 

1193-1211 ........... 2I2 

1526. Agreement between Herveyde Lofthus and Kirkstall respecting 

land in Chapel Allerton. 1201 ...... 2 *3 



III 



XViii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

i. Foliot 

PAGE 

1527. Jordan Foliot I to Pontefract the west mill of Norton. 1159-70 214 

1528. Same to same further grant, with confirmation of Baghill. 

1159-70 2I 5 

1529. Jordan Foliot II toNostell confirms the mill of Norton. 1159- 



1170 



216 



1530. Henry de Lascy confirms to Pontefract the gift of Norton west 

mill. 1160-77 216 

1531. Jordan Foliot I to the Templars land in Norton. 1160-70 . 217 

1532. Jordan Foliot II to Pontefract toft in Pontefract. 1180-90 . 217 

1533. Henry Foliot to Nostell right in the mill of Shafton. 1155-70 218 

1534. William Foliot confirms the same. 1155-70 .... 218 

1535. William Fofiot to Nostell 3 bovates in Shafton. 1165-80 . 218 

1536. Henry Foliot to Nostell rent from Sturton by Stow. 1155-70 220 

1537. William Foliot confirms the same. 1155-70 .... 220 

1538. William Foliot to Felkirk church a bovate in Shafton, etc. 

1170-85 221 

1539. William Foliot to Pontefract an acre in Shafton, etc. 1175-91 221 

1540. Robert de Stapleton to Nostell land in Cudworth and Healey. 

1180-90 222 

2. Frisian 

1541. William de Friston II confirms to Pontefract land and mill in 

Ferry Friston. 1170-80 223 

1542. Mauger de Scharveston and Henry his son to Nostell land 

near Foulby, etc. 1180-5 224 

3. Lasceles 

1543. John de Lasceles to Selby land in Brayton. 1141-7 . . 225 

1544. Henry de Lascy confirms the above gift to Selby. 1145-55 226 

1545. John de Lasceles to Selby land in Birkin (?). 1160-70 . . 227 

1546. Humphrey de Lasceles to Monk Bretton Geoffrey and his 

land. 1180-1200 227 

6. Campeaux 

1547. Henry de Lascy to Selby restoration of encroachments. 1 144- 

1160 228 

1548. Rowland Haget to Pontefract a bovate in Skelbrook. 1160-75 2 3 

1549. Henry prior of Pontefract to Walter de Coppelei land in Skel- 

brook. 1170-84 ......... 230 

1550. William de Slepehill to Pontefract a bovate in Slepehill. 1175- 

1185 231 

7- Tilly 

1551. Otes de Tilly to St. Peter's Hospital, York-a bovate in Camp- 
sail. 1150-75 232 

1552. Otes de Tilly to the Templars various lands. Before 1185 . 232 



CONTENTS xix 



10. Waleys 



1553. Robert le Waleys confirms to Kirkstall a carucate in Seacroft. 



1180-1220 



1554. William de Burgwallis to Pontefract land in Burgwallis. 1170- 



1180 



232 



234 



1555. Adam de Sutton confirms the same to Pontefract. 1175-83 . 234 

n. Peitevin 

1556. Robert le Peitevin confirms to Kirkstall the gifts of Kirkstall, etc. 

H53-60 235 

1557. The same confirms to Kirkstall land in Headingley. 1154-70 . 236 

1558. A further confirmation of land in East Headingley. 1 160-80 . 237 
I 559- Agreement between Kirkstall and Holy Trinity, York, concern- 
ing tithes in Kirkstall, etc. 1154 237 

1560. Settlement of a later dispute concerning the same. 1205 . . 238 

1561. Robert le Peytevin confirms to Nostell the mill in Saxton, etc. 

1154-75 2 4o 

1562. Robert le Peytevin to St. Peter's Hospital, York theadvowson 

of Saxton. 1160-74 241 

1563. Roger le Peytevin confirms the same. 1175-86 . . . 242 

1564. Roger le Peytevin to St. Peter's Hospital land in Saxton as 

pledge for an equal amount in Woodhouse. 1175-86 . . 243 

1565. Archbp. Roger confirms Saxton church to St. Peter's Hospital. 

Ii77-8i 243 

1566. Swane, keeper of St. Peter's Hospital, to Lambert son of Ringolf 

land belonging to Saxton church. 1165-75 .... 244 

1567. Henry de Lascy confirms to St. Peter's Hospital land in Wood- 

house. 1165-75 244 

1568. William de St. Eloy to St. Peter's Hospital land in Wood- 

house. 1170-77 245 

1569. The same William to Robert Brun of York land in Wood- 

house. 1170-77 245 

1570. Robert le Peytevin confirms the same. 1170-77 . . . 246 

1571. Henry de Lascy also confirms it. 1170-77 .... 246 

1572. William de St. Eloy to St. Peter's Hospital land in Wood- 

house. 1170-77 247 

1573. Roger le Peytevin to Hugh his brother land in Normanton. 

1190-1215 248 

12. Rainevill 

1574. William de Rainevill to Kirkstall land in Bramley. 1154-75 2 48 

1575. Adam de Reinevill II to Henry son of Matilda land in Ponte- 

fract. 1180-1200 249 

1576. The same Adam to Alexander clerk of Methley messuages in 

Pontefract. 1180-1200 250 

1577. The same Adam to William Barnefader toft in Pontefract. 

1180-1200 . 2 5 



XX EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1578. The same Adam confirms to Alexander the clerk the said toft. 

1180-1200 251 

1579. The same Adam to Nostell messuages in Pontefract. 1180- 

1200 251 

1580. Morand de Thuri to Nostell land in Pontefract. 1180-85 . 252 

1581. Robert de Benetlehe acknowledges that he is to pay rent to 

Nostell for the said land. 1180-85 252 

1582. Hervey de Reinevill to Nostell a rent from Badsworth. 1170- 

1180 252 

13. Veilfy 

1583. Roger son of Alvred to Osbert de Thorpe land in Thorner. 

1160-75 253 

1584. Final concord, Robert de Lascy v. Humphrey de Veilly, con- 

cerning land in Clayton. 1182 254 

1585. Humphrey de Veilli to Hugh son of Walter land in Skellow. 

1180-95 254 

14. Arches 

1586. Herbert de Arches I confirms to Kirkstall land in Shadwell. 

1160-95 256 

1587. Peter de Arches to William de Beaumont land in Shadwell. 

1190-1220 258 

1588. William son of Walding to Pontefract land in Pontefract. 

1170-83 259 

1 6. Smeaton 

1589. Robert the hunter to Pontefract his court in Smeaton. 1170- 

1180 . . . . 260 

1 8. Wenrevill 

1590. Adam de Wennervill to Nostell land in Hemsworth. 1154-70 261 

1591. William de Wennervill III surrenders himself to take the 

religious habit at Nostell. 1175-90 262 

1592. Adam de Wennervill II to Nostell an annual rent. 1190-1220 262 

1593. Same to same rent of 2s. from land specified. 1190-1220 . 263 

1594. Reginald Corner to Aldusa his daughter a ridding in Hems- 

worth. 1190-1220 263 

19. Purston 

1595- Agreement between Nostell and William de Preston concern- 
ing a chantry in Purston chapel. 1159-70 .... 264 

1596. William de Preston to Nostell land of his demesne. 1160- 

1170 265 

1597. Same to same an acre in Wragby. 1160-70 .... 266 

1598. Same to Pontefract land in Tanshelf, etc. 1165-75 . . 266 






CONTENTS xx i 

1599. William de Preston to Nostell land in Purston Jaglin. 1200- 

1220 268 

1600. Robert de Beston to Nostell the service of Thomas de Hunt- 

wick 268 

20. Featherston 

1601. William de Federstan to Nostell the church of Featherston. 

1154-70 269 

1602. William son of William de Federstan confirms the gift. 1170- 

1190 270 

1603. Roger de Whitwood to Pontefract land in Whitwood. 1189 . 270 

1604. The monks of Pontefract secure a private chapel at Whitwood. 

1184-1200 271 

21. Snydale 

1605. Hugh de Snithal to Kirkstall land in Snydale. 1175-1200 . 271 

1606. Robert de Lascy to Kirkstall 3 carucates in Snydale. 1177- 

1193 272 

22. Day family 

1607. Leonius son of Ralph to St. Peter's Hospital, York mill of 

Lead. 1 160-66 273 

1608. Henry and Ralph de Day confirm the same. 1 160-80 . . 274 

1609. The same Henry and Ralph add a piece of land. 1 160-80 . 275 

1610. Peter de Touleston confirms to Nostell land near Huntwick. 

1166-93 2 75 

1611. Eva de Dai confirms the same. 1193-1210 .... 276 

1612. Thomas de Touleston to Pontefract toft in Toulston. 1160- 

1175 276 

1613. Basilla de Day to Ralph her son land in Kirkby Wharfe. 

1180-1200 . 277 

1614. Hugh de Milford to Selby rent from North Milford. 1190- 

1196 277 

1615. Hugh de Touleston to the Hospitallers land in Lead. 1196- 

1210 278 

23. Lisle 

1616. Gifts by Ralph de L'Isle and others to Nostell . . . .278 

1617. The keeper of Woodkirk to Robert the clerk land in Morley. 

1180-1200 279 

1618. Adam de Beeston to Kirkstall meadow in Beeston, etc. 1190- 

12 10 . . . ., 280 

1619. Robert son of Asketin to Kirkstall land in Austhorpe. 1170-90 281 

1620. Peter de Autrey to William le Vavasour mill of Beeston and 

Hunslet. 1175-89 282 

1621. The same Peter to Philip his brother land in Hunslet. 1180-91 283 



Xxii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



24. Roall and Vernoil 

PAGE 

1622. Gamel Barret to Selby land in Thorpe-Willoughby. 1110-30. 284 

1623. Alexander de Ruhale to Selby 2 bovates in Thorpe-Willoughby. 

1144-60 ........... 285 

1624. Roger de Ruhale exchanges with Robert de Lascy and the 

monks of Pontefract, Kellingley for Extwisle. 1185-93. 286 

1625. Roger de Ruhale to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in Eg- 

borough, etc. 1190-1210 ........ 286 

1626. Henry de Vernoil I to the Templars land in Egborough. 

II75-7 ........... 287 

1627. Roger de Ruhale to the Templars land in Shirwood. 1175-7. 288 

1628. Same to same his man Alan, son of Jordan de Hirst. 1175-7 288 

1629. Henry de Lascy confirms lands to the Templars. 1177 . . 289 

1630. Henry de Vernoil II to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in 

Egborough. 1180-90 ........ 289 

1631. Henry de Vernoil to Nun-Appleton land and pasture in Eg- 

borough. 1175-89 ......... 290 

1632. Henry de Vernoil II to Pontefract land in Kellington. 1185- 

1210 ............ 291 

25. Stapleton 

1633. Robert de Stapleton to Pontefract land in Stapleton. 1 160-70 292 

1634. Same to same 3 tofts in Pontefract. 1165-75 .... 293 

1635. Robert de Stapleton to Pontefract Stapleton chapel . . 294 

1636. Richard de Stubley to Henry de Selfley land in Cudworth . 295 

1637. Robert de Swillington to Pontefract rent from his mill. 1180- 

1 190 ............ 296 

1638. Richard son of Swane to William de Flockton land in Swil- 

lington. 1170-80 ......... 297 

1639. The same Richard releases a rent to Pontefract. 1175-85 . 297 

1640. Thomas Campion to Pontefract land in Swillington. 1177-93 298 

26. Thorpe 

1641. William Fitz-Aldelin to Durandson of Drew land in Went, etc. 

1190 ..." ......... 298 

1642. Durand son of Drew to Bolton land at Went Bridge. 1190- 

1210 ............ 300 

1643. The canons of Nostell release to Robert de Lascy their claim 

to Rogerthorpe. 1177-93 ........ 3* 

1644. Roger de Folifayt to Adam de Slengesby land in Rogerthorpe. 



28. Rither. 

1645. William de Ryther to York Minster land in Aesefeld. 1 170-90 302 

1646. William de Ryther to Nun-Appleton a rent of 5 marks. 1175- 

1189 ............ 33 



CONTENTS xxiii 

29. Longvilers 

PAGE 

1647. Eudes de Longvilers to Nostell land in Wentshill. 1180-1200 304 

(30) Le Gramaire 

1648. Geoffrey bishop of Coventry to Bretton tithe in Middleton in 

Rothwell. 1198-1208 ...... 305 

31. Painel 

1649. Gilbert de Notton to the Hospitallers land in Notton. 1195- 

1217 ' ......... 306 

32. Somervill 

1650. William de Somervill II releases to Henry de Lascy land in 

Kiddal. 1150-70 ......... 306 

1651. William de Somervill II to Robert de Lascy land in Barnbow. 

1185-93 ........... 307 

16.52. The same William to Kirkstall land in Seacroft. 1185-93 . 308 
1653. William Veillechen to Richard de Reinevill land in Barnbow. 

1 ........... 309 



33- Calverley 

1654. Roger Scot to Geoffrey de Arthington land in Calverley. 

1190-1205 . . . . ....... 310 

34. Allerton 

1655. Sampson de Allerton to Kirkstall West Allerton, etc. 1160-70 311 

1656. Same to same exchange between East and West Allerton. 

1185-1201 ....... . . . . . 312 

1657. William de Allerton to John de Cookridge land in Allerton. 

1180-1201 ........... 313 

35. ffillam 

1658. Pain son of Buchard to Henry de Lascy land in Hillam. 

1144-60 ...... ^ . . . . 314 

1659. William son of Pain confirms to Pontefract land in Pontefract. 

1170-80 ... ........ 314 

1660. Adam de Reinevill to Pontefract land in Hillam, etc. 1180- 

1206 . . . . ....... .315 

166 1. William son of Pain confirms the gift. 1180-1206 . . . 315 

36. Preston 

1662. Adam de Preston to the Templars land in Preston. 1175-85 . 316 

38. Fitz-Swane 

1663. Swane son of Ailric to Pontefract Silkstone church, etc. 

1120-30 ........... 316 

1664. Adam son of Swen confirms to Nostell the church of Felkirk, etc. 

1140-54 ....... 3*9 



Xxiv EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1665. The same Adam to Monk 1 .-etton the land of Bretton, etc. 

II54-9 320 

1666. Same to same tithe of the colts grazing on his demesne, etc. 

"45-59 321 

1667. The same Adam to Pontefract confirmation of Silkstone, etc. 

H54-9 32i 

1668. The same Adam to Monk Bretton church of Royston. 1155-9 3 21 

1669. The same Adam to Pontefract Lund, where he had founded a 

priory. 1154-9 322 

1670. Archbp. Roger confirms the same. 1154-9 .... 323 

1671. Regulations for the election of a prior of Monk Bretton. 1154-9 324 

1672. Orm son of Thor to Nostell land in Crofton, etc. 1133-53 3 2 4 

1673. Ralph son of Urselin confirms to Nostell land in Crofton. 

"54-77 325 

1674. Henry son of Swane confirms to Nostell his father's gift. 1155- 

"72 - 3 2 5 

1675. The same Henry gives to Nostell land in Wintersett, etc. 1 1 59- 

1172 326 

1676. The same Henry to Monk Bretton a rent from Wrangbrook. 

"58-72 .326 

1677. Roger de Montbegon to Monk Bretton land in Wrangbrook. 

1180-98 327 

1678. Adam de Montbegon and his wife confirm lands to Monk 

Bretton. 1159-71 . . . 327 

1679. John Malherbe and his wife also confirm. 1172-81 . . . 328 

1680. The same John and his wife confirm lands to Rievaulx. 1172- 

"81 .... 329 

1681. William de Nevill confirms to Uctred son of Ravenchil land in 

Lepton. 1159-80 330 

1682. Settlement of a dispute about the advowson of Adwick-on- 

Dearne. 1187-8 330 

1683. William de Nevill to Marton land in Cawthorne. 1190-1213. 331 

1684. Mabel de Nevill confirms to Monk Bretton the gifts of Geoffrey 

de Nevill. 1249-53 331 

1685. Watton to William de Deneby land in Denby (Penistone) . 332 

1686. Reginald de Sothill releases to Monk Bretton land in Swallow 

Hill. 1194-1211 . '. . 333 

1687. Jordan de Horbiri to Monk Bretton land in Swallow Hill . 333 

1688. Jordan de Horbiry to Rievaulx land in Flockton. 1190-1204 . 334 

1689. Robert son of William to Rievaulx land in Worsborough. 

1170-84 . 334 

1690. William son of Godric confirms the same. 1170-84 . . . 335 

1691. Jordan Tagun to Monk Bretton land, etc., in Swaithe Hall. 

1180-1200 337 

1692. Thomas de Ledes to Fountains wood and ore in Kirkheaton. 

"70-85 337 

1693. Adam son of Peter confirms to Fountains his brother Thomas's 

alms. "75-85 339 



CONTENTS XXV 



PAGE 



1694. William de Ledes confirms to Fountains his father's gift. 1180- 

"95 339 

1695. The same to Fountains ridding in Kirkheaton. 1192-1200 . 340 

1696. The same to Gilbert his brother bovate in Kirkheaton. 1190- 

1210 341 

1697. Walter de Busc to Fountains wood and ore in Kirkheaton. 

1170-85 341 

1698. Same to same Ash Thichels in Kirkheaton. 1175-95 . . 342 

1699. Edith de Blythe to Jordan Tagun land in Kirkheaton. 1180- 

1189 343 

1700. Edith Whithaud to Fountains land in Thichels. 1190-1210 . 343 

1701. Same to same land in Thichels, etc. 1195-1211 . ... 344 

1702. William Whithaud to Fountains land in Thichels. 1195-1211 345 

1703. Uctred de Mirefeld to Fountains land in Kirkheaton. 1180-90 346 

1704. Hugh de Mirefeld to Fountains land in Thichels. 1185-1210 347 

1705. Jordan de Heton to Fountains land. 1195-1215 . . . 347 

1706. Same to same moiety of water of Colne. 1195-1215 . . 347 

1707. Jordan Tagun to Fountains bovate in Kirkheaton. 1180-95 34-8 

1708. Same to same meadow of his demesne. 1200-15 . . . 349 

1709. William de Heton to Fountains land near the Colne. 1195- 

1215 ' 349 

1710. Same to same land in Thichels. 1195-1215 .... 350 

171 1. Gilbert son of Robert to Fountains land in Kirkheaton. 1 195- 

1215 350 

1712. Humphrey the clerk to Fountains land in Waltheve-rode. 

1195-1215 . . . . . . . . . . .351 

39-40. Notion 

1713. Robert son of Lefwin to Assulf de Notton 2 bovates in Notton. 

1170-90 35 1 

1714. Gilbert son of Reginald confirms to Nostell land in Cramton. 

1180-1200 353 

1715. Ernald de Notton to Hugh son of Gamel manumission, etc. 

1185-1205 ^ .,. 353 

1716. Gilbert de Notton to Monk Bretton pasturage in Barton, etc. 

1190-1210 . . . . . *-*+" 354 

1717. Gilbert de Notton to the Hospitallers land in Notton. 1190- 

1210 . . . . . . . . . ' 354 

42. Osbert the Archdeacon 

1718. Osbert de Bayeux to Pontefract land in Middle Haddlesey. 

1175-83 . . .' . ... . 355 

44. Darrington 

1719. William son of Hervey to Pontefract land in Darrington. 

1165-80 356 

1720. Same to same 4-r. rent in Darrington. 1170-80 . . 357 



XXVi EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

46. Birkin 

PAGE 

1721. Emma de Lasceles to Selby mill in Shitlington. 1145-60 . 357 

1722. Adam son of Peter to Rievaulx land in Shitlington. 1170-85 . 360 

1 723. Agreement between Monk Bretton and Adam de Shitlington, etc. 

1200-20 360 

1724. Emma wife of Peter to Rievaulx land in Shitlington, etc. 

1145-60 361 

1725. Adam son of Peter to Rievaulx smithy-site in Stainborough. 

1 140-50 361 

1726. Same to same land in Rumbolds Moor, etc. 1150-60 . . 362 

1727. Same to same site for a grange in Shitlington. 1150-60 . 363 

1728. Same to same Blacker in Upper Hoyland. 1150-70 . . 363 

1729. Adam son of Peter to Monk Bretton mill of Havercroft. 1155- 

1170 364 

1730. The same Adam to Pontefract land in Midgley. 1160-75 3^5 

1731. Same to same land in Fairburn. 1165-77 .... 365 

1732. The same Adam to Hampole land in Birkin. 1 160-80 . . 366 

1733. The same Adam to Headley land in Birkin. 1170-85 . . 367 

1734. The same to Pontefract land in Birkin. 1170-83 . . . 367 

1735. The same Adam to Monk Bretton rent from Worsbrough, etc. 

1175-85 368 

1736. John his son confirms the same. 1190-1211 .... 368 

1737. Adam son of Peter to Rievaulx land in Stainborough, etc. 

H73-85 368 

1738. The same Adam to Selby Langley, etc. 1170-85 . . . 369 

1739. The same Adam to Pontefract land in Birkin. 1170-85 . . 370 

1740. Same to same a moiety of Stainborough mill. 1173-83 . . 371 

1741. Same to same a buck or doe yearly from Birkin park. 1173- 

1185 371 

1742. The same Adam to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in Birkin. 

H73-85 372 

1743. The same Adam to Robert de Stiveton land in Brayton. 1175- 

1185 372 

1744. Robert de Torp to Nun-Appleton land in Brayton. 1177-89 . 373 

1745. Adam de Birkin to Thomas his brother land in Leeds. 1175- 

1185 374 

1746. Thomas son of Peter confirms a rent to the Hospitallers. 1 175- 

1195 374 

1747. Adam son of Peter to Monk Bretton the vivary by Royston. 

1183-85 375 

1748. Roger Touche to his daughter Matilda in marriage Over Shit- 

lington. 1 189-90 375 

1749. Roger de Fareburne confirms to St. Leonard's, York, land in 

Fareburne. 1195-1205 376 

1750. Robert de Wrangebroc to Monk Bretton land in Wrangbrook. 

1190-1220 377 

1751. Hugh de Wrangebroc to Monk Bretton a further gift. 1190- 

1220 378 



CONTENTS XXvii 

PAGE 

1752. Adam prior of Pontefract to Matthew son of Saxe land in 

Shitlington. 1155-8 . . . 379 

1753. Matthew son of Saxe to Rievaulx land in Blacker. 1155-70 . 379 

1754. Thomas de Horbiry confirms to Rievaulx land in Blacker, etc. 

H99 381 

1755. Rievaulx releases to Thomas de Horbury land in Blacker. 1199 381 

1756. Randolph de Neufmarche to Thomas de Horbury land in 

Flockton. 1185-1205 . . . . . . 382 

1757. Adam de Birum confirms to Pontefract land in Flockton. 

1180-90 383 

1758. William son of Hervey to Pontefract land in Biram. 1175-90 384 

1759. Adam de Flockton to Pontefract a native and his sequel. 

1180-90 385 

1760. William de Hocton to Pontefract land in Flockton. 1180-90 . 385 

1761. The prior of Pontefract to Thomas de Horbury land in 

Flockton. 1185-95 386 

47. Bradley 

1762. Ralph son of Nicholas to Fountains land in Bradley wood. 

"65-77 386 

1763. Henry de Lascy confirms the same. 1165-77 .... 388 

1764. Jordan de Rither to Fountains land in Bradley. 1190-1220 . 388 

1765. Kirklees priory to Fountains licence for a mill stream. 1190- 

1210 389 

48. Tong 

1766. Richard de Tang to Kirkstall a native of Tong . . .389 

1767. Richard de Tong to Jordan son of Esolf land in Thornhill, etc. 

H95 390 

50. Gant 

1768. Robert de Gant to the Hospitallers land in Leeds. 1166-77 . 391 

51. Templars 

1769. Henry de Lascy confirms to the Templars a gift in Temple 

Hurst. 1155 . 39 1 

1770. The same confirms land in Temple Newsam, etc. 1154-66 . 392 

52. Pontefract 

1771. Ralph de Cheverctirt to Pontelract Barnsley. ii44~59 393 

1772. Henry de Lascy confirms the same. 1160-77 .... 394 

1773. Another confirmation. 1160-77 395 

1774. Jordan de Chevercurt releases to Pontefract his claim to 

Barnsley. 1174-7 395 

1775. Rainer the marshal releases to Pontefract his land in Barnsley. 

1170-85 . . . ' -396 

1776. Robert de Newton surrenders to Pontefract his meadow in 

Ledsham. 1155-65 . 39 



XXViii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

PAGE 

1777. Mauger de Stiveton to Pontefract land in Peckfield. Ledston. 

1160-75 397 

1778. Pain de Lalaund to Pontefract land in Peckfield. 1160-75 . 398 

1779. Agreement between Pontefract and the sons of William de 

Bolton concerning land in Peckfield. 1184 .... 399 

1780. Jordan de Ledeston to Pontefract land in Ledston. 1170-90 . 400 

1781. Richard de Ledeston confirms to Pontefract the same. 1170-90 400 

53. Burnel 

1782. Burnel de Aumanvill to Richard son of Robert land in Kirk 

Smeaton. 1170-80 401 

1783. Adam Burnel to St. Peter's Hospital, York a messuage in 

Hampole. 1175-9 42 

1784. Agreement between Richard Burnell and Alan Wilde concerning 

right of way, etc. 1204-9 403 

56. Plumton 

1785. Nigel de Plumton to St. Leonard's, Esholt a ridding in Idle. 

1185-95 403 

69. Owram 

1786. Gilbert de Lascy to Pontefract land in Barnby-on-Don. 1185- 

1193 404 

71. Woo I ley 

1787. Bequest of Henry de Wlflei to Nostell of Woolley mill. 1188- 

1190 405 

1788. Isabel widow of Roger de Byri to Rievaulx toft in Woolley. 

1195-1210 406 

1789. Ellis de Midhope notifies that he holds of Nostell a moiety of 

Woolley mill. 1190-1230 407 

1790. Ellis de Midhope to Nostell a ridding in Woolley. 1190-1230 407 

72. Crigleston 

1791. Swane de Bretton to Byland land in West Bretton. 1190- 

1220 ...--.. 408 

1792. Peter de Bretton to Byland land in West Bretton. 1190-1220 408 

74. Birkthwaite 

1793. Peter de Birkethwaite to Monk Bretton land in Cudworth. 

120014 ........... 409 

77. Thornton 

1794. Thomas de Thornton to Byland land in Wilsden. 1190-1220 410 

78. Bradford Dale 

1795. Thomas de Horton to Woodkirk land in Haworth. 1188-1200 411 

1796. Alexander de Clayton to Nostell land in Oxenhope . . . 412 



CONTENTS xxix 

80. Briestwistle 

PAGE 

1797. William de Brerdtuisil to Byland land in Briestwistle. 1202-3 412 

8 1. Penistone 

1798. Peter de Birkethwaite to Kirkstead land in Penistone. 1208 . 413 

1799. Same to same 4 bovates in Penisale. 1208-11 . . . 416 

1800. Same to same 3 bovates in Penisale. 1208-11 . . . 416 

1801. Same to same land in Penistone. 1208-11 .... 417 

1802. Roger de Lascy confirms the above gifts. 1208-11 . . . 418 

1803. Ralph de Waldershelf to Kirkstead land in Penisale. 1190- 

1208 418 

1804. William de Nevill confirms gifts by Peter de Birkethwaite. 

1208-11 419 

1805. John de Stainburc also confirms. 1208-22 419 

1806. Peter de Birkethwaite to John the clerk of Stainbrough land 

in Penisale. 1190-1208 420 

85. Whithy 

1807. Henry de Denby to Byland land in Denby in Whitley. 

1191-4 420 

1808. William de Denby to Byland land in Denby. 1175-86 . . 422 

1809. Same to same land in Langfurlanges, etc. 1175-86 . . 423 

1810. Ralph de Nevill confirms to Byland the above gifts. 1190-1219 424 

1811. Simon de Denby to Byland a carucate in Denby. 1190-1219 425 

1812. Agreement between Byland and John son of Harding, concern- 

ing land in Denby. 1180-95 . 426 

1813. Henry de Thurstanland to Byland land in Denby. 1184-91 . 428 

1814. Same to same land in Denby. 1204-9 4 2 8 

1815. William de Elwaldley releases to Byland a claim in Denby. 

1190-1210 429 

1816. The same William grants to Byland land in Adwaldley. 1200- 

1220 429 

1817. William de Denby to Byland land in Denby. 1200-1220 . 430 

87. Lofthouse 

1818. Robert de Lascy to Ralph the cook land in Lofthouse in 

Rothwell. 1180-93 43 1 

89. Carleton 

1819. Monk Bretton to Adam de Snithale land in Carleton. 1185- 

I2II 431 

95- 

1820. Gamel de Batheley to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in 

Healey 432 

1821. Ellis Sorel to Monk Bretton land by the cold well. 1185-1205 433 



XXX EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

XXVII. THE MALET FEE 
i. Lands which formed part of the Mowbray Fee 

I'AGB 

1822. Henry I directs that archbp. Thurstan shall have South Cave 

church. 1114-23 434 

1823. Roger de Mowbray to York Minster land in South Cave. 

1153 435 

1824. Alice de Gaunt confirms the same. 1154 436 

1825. Archbp. Roger confirms Roger de Mowbray's gift to South 

Cave church. 1154-60 437 

1826. Alexander III orders an inquiry into a complaint by Roger de 

Mowbray. 1173 438 

1827. Roger de Mowbray to Byland land in North Cave. 1145-60 . 439 

1828. Same to same confirmation of liberties. 1160-75 439 

1829. Roger de Kent to St. Peter's Hospital, York land in Branting- 

ham. 1190-1220 440 

1830. Hugh Malebisse to Rievaulx land in Scawton. 1154-60. 441 

1831. Agreement between Rievaulx and Scawton church as to tithe. 

II54-60 443 

1832. Archbp. Roger confirms the agreement. 1154-60 . . . 443 

1833. Roger de Mowbray to Byland the town of Byland. 1142-3 . 444 

1834. Archbp. Roger confirms the same. 1177-81 .... 446 

1835. The dean and chapter of York also confirm it. 1177-81 . . 447 

1836. Hugh Malebisse to Byland the town of Murton. 1165-85 . 447 

1837. Richard Malebisse releases to Byland his right in Old Byland. 

1186-9 448 

1838. Agreement between Byland and Hawnby church as to tithes. 

1164-76 448 

1839. Ralph de Turp to Byland Woodkelde in Dale near Murton. 

1170-90 449 

1840. Similar grant by William Ingram. 1180-1200 .... 450 

1841. Ymaine de Turp releases to Byland land in Dale. 1180-1200 . 450 

1842. Stephen de Meinil I to Rievaulx Stainton in Hawnby. 1145- 

1152 45i 

1843. Roger de Mowbray confirms the same. 1154-64 . . . 452 

1844. Roger de Mowbray undertakes to alienate nothing in Stainton. 

H50-65 452 

1845. Hugh Malebisse releases to Rievaulx his right in Stainton. 

1170-85 452 

1846. Hugh Malebisse to Byland Snilesworth. 1150-70 . . . 453 

1847. William Malebisse to Middlesbrough Brachanhill in Marton. 

1160-79 454 

1848. Confirmation of the same. 1160-79 459 

1^49. Hugh Malebisse to Byland land in Tolesby and Marton. 

1170-90 459 

1850. Richard Malebisse to Byland land in Thornaby. 1179-1200 . 460 



CONTENTS xxxi 



PAGE 



1851. Roger Cusin to Byland land in Linthorpe. 1160-70 . . 461 

1852. Roger Cusin to Whitby land in Linthorpe. 1 160-80 . . 462 

1853. Hugh Malebisse to Marton church land in Marton. 1175-88 462 

2. The Honor of Eye 

1854. Jocelin de Arecy to Nun Appleton land in Acaster Selby. 

1170-89 463 

1855. Godfrey de Burun confirms to Nun Appleton the gage of 

Joscelin de Arecy. 1182 463 

1856. Jocelin de Arecy to Nun Appleton land in Acaster Selby. 

1170-89 . 464 

1857. Robert de Arci to Nun Appleton land in Acaster. 1194-8 . 464 

1858. Richard Malebisse to Furness land in Acaster Malbis. 1185- 

1210 465 

1859. Agreement between Kirkstall and Roger de Eggeburg as to 

land in Bishopthorpe. 1194 465 

1860. Richard Malebisse to Walter de Beauvais land in Thornton-le- 

Moor. 1190-1202 465 

XXVIII. THE FEE OF MESCHIN 

1861. Cecily cle Rumilly to Embsay the mills of Harewood. 1135-45 467 

1862. Amice (or Avice) daughter of Cecily confirms the gift. 1 138-50 467 

1863. William de Curcy confirms a moiety of Helthwaite to the nuns 

of Arthington. 1152-71 472 

1864. Amice de Rumilly to Drax advowson of Saltby church. 1 147- 

1152 . 473 

1865. William de Curci's knight's fees. 1166 ..... 474 

1866. Simon de Mohaut to Pontefract land in East Keswick. 1150- 

1170 . . . . . . . . . .475 

1867. Simon de Mohaut to Sinningthwaite Rossehirst in Wyke. 

1170-85 476 

1868. Simon son of Simon to Pontefract exchange in East Keswick. 

1185-1200 476 

1869. William the clerk of Stainburn to Alexander de Castley the 

land of Wulfrunrode. 1180-1203 477 

1870. Ellis de Stainburn to St. Peter's Hospital, York a croft in 

Stainburn. 1170-90 478 

1871. Adam son of Peter to Haverholme land in Horsforth, etc. 

1165-79 479 

1872. The same Adam confirms to Kirkstall an exchange of the land. 

1170-9 481 

1873. William Vavasour confirms to Bolton land in Yeadon. 1175-90 481 

1874. Hugh de Yeadon to Essholt land in Esfaghe in Yeadon. 

1185-1215 482 

1875. Adam de Yedune to Kirkstall land in Yeadon. 1185-1215 . 483 

1876. Jordan de Aluoldelie to Sinningthwaite land in Alwoodley. 

1190-1220 484 



XXxii EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



XXIX. THE FEE OF MORTEMER 

PAGE 

1877. Eustace Fitz-John to St. Mary's, York land in Gilling in Rye- 

dale. 1135-47 485 

1878. Abbot Clement to Geoffrey de Stutevill land in Gilling. 11/0-5 4^9 

1879. Abbot Clement to William Basset the same land. 1170-6 . 490 

1880. Abbot Clement to William de Gilling land in Gilling. 1 170-81 490 

1881. Ralph de Surdeval releases to St. Mary's, York, the advowson 

of Gilling church. 1181-9 491 

1882. The same Ralph to John his son land in Gilling. 1181-9 . 491 

1883. William de Surdeval releases to John his brother land in Gilling. 

1190-1210 492 

1884. William de Vescy to Malton land in Dalby. 1150-63 . . 493 

1885. William de Vescy to Robert de Elmete land in Norton. 1 190- 

1217 . -493 

1886. Warin de Vescy to Pigot his serjeant land in Norton. 1190- 

1217 493 

1887. William son of Wale to Norton church land in Norton. 1 169- 

"73 494 

1888. Agreement concerning the chapel of Welham. 1173 . . 495 

1889. John constable of Chester to Malton church of Wintringham. 

1166-93 497 

1890. Warin de Vescy to Malton a native of Knapton. 1190-1217 . 497 

1891. William de Vescy confirms to Whitby the mill of Scampston. 

"57-70 498 

1892. William de St. Martin to Malton land in Scampston . . 498 

1893. Henry I confirms to Durham land in Drewton .... 499 

1894. Henry I confirms to Durham land in Hunsley, etc. uoo. . 499 

1895. William de Vescy to Watton land in North Ferriby. 1150-70 500 

1896. William de Vescy to Tor de Ferriby land in North Ferriby. 

1167-81 . 500 

1897. Malton to Adam son of Steinkyl land in North Ferriby. 1 190- 

1200 501 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



XXIIL THE FEE OF HALLAMSHIRE 

1266. Grant by Richard de Luvetot, for the soul of Cecily his wife, 

with the consent of William his son, to the monks of Kirkstead 
of the hermitage of St. John in the parish of Ecclesfield with 
the land belonging to it, the land given there by his father 
which Robert Le Cras lately had, and 30 acres more of the 
grantor's gift, separated on the eastern side by a brook from 
the land of Richard de Builli, on the western side by another 
brook from the land of Jordan de Reinevill, and bounded on 
the south by Bakebrook; also pasture for 30 animals in the 
land of the said Jordan. 1150-1160. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 127. 

Ricardus de Luvetot omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus 
et futuris salutem. Sciatis me per concessioner!! Willelmi filii 
mei concessisse et dedisse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Kyrkstede et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus heremitorium 
Sancti Johannis quod est in parochia de Eclesfeld ut [monachum] 
faciant ibi servire Deo ad capellam et habeant ipsum heremi- 
torium cum tota terra que ad illud pertinet, et illa[m] terra[m] 
quam pater meus ibi dedit et quam ego postea apposui de aug- 
mento, scilicet totam terram que fuit Roberti le Cras, et preter 
hoc xxx acras. Omnium istarum terrarum sunt divise duo rivuli, 
quorum unus ab oriental! parte dividit terram Ricardi de Builli 
et alter ab occidentali parte dividit terram Jordani de Reinevilla, 
et a Baccaburna se extendunt eedem terre versus aquilonem usque 
ad divisas ibi factas. Preterea dedi eisdem monachis extra ipsas 
divi%as in terra Jordani de Reinevilla pasturam ad xxx animalia 
quam retinui in manu mea ad opus heremitorii quando dedi ei 
terram illam. Hanc donationem dedi ipsis monachis in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio 
et consuetudine et omni exactione, pro salute mea et filii mei et 
heredum et fratrum meorum et pro animabus patris et matris 
mee et Cecilie uxoris mee et omnium antecessorum meorum. 
Testibus: Roberto decano de Eclesfeld et Rogero sacerd[ote] 
fratre ejus, Rogero clerico, Radulfo filio Gilberti, Radulfo filio 
ejus, Hugone de Luvetot, Jordano de Reinevilla, Radulfo filio 
Uhtred, Radulfo de La Chambre. 

1267. Grant by Richard de Luvetot to the monks of Kirkstead of 
the hermitage of St. John in the parish of Ecclesfield with 

III A 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

land, given by his father and confirmed by the grantor, where 
the bounds of the lands of Richard de Builli and Jordan de 
Reinevill meet ; for the health of William his son, and for the 
soul of Cecily, the grantor's wife. 1 150-1 1 60. 
Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 128. Pd. in Mon. An/!., v, 419, 

n.9. 

Ricardus de Luvetot omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus 
et futuris salutem. Notum vobis sit me concessisse et dedisse 
Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kyrkstede et monachis ejus- 
dem loci, in elemosina, heremitorium Sancti Johannis quod est in 
parochia de Ecclesfeld, cum tola terra que ad ipsum hermitorium 
pertinet, et earn quam pater meus ibi dedit et quam ego apposui 
de augmento, sicut divise terrarum Ricardi de Bulli et Jordani 
de Reinevilla dividunt ; et totam terram que fuit Roberti le Cras 
dedi eis similiter, sicut predicte divise earn dividunt. Hanc ele- 
mosinam dedi eis[dem] monachis libere et quiete ab omni seculari 
servitio et consuetudine et omni exactione, pro salute mea et 
Willelmi filii mei et heredum et fratrum meorum et pro animabus 
patris et matris mee et Cecilie uxoris mee et omnium antecessorum 
meorum ; et ipsi monfachi] facient servire Deo ibi ad capellam. 
Testibus : Radulfo filio Gilberti, Hugone de Luvetot, Rogero 
clerico, Radulfo filio Radulfi filii Gilberti, Radulfo filio Uhtredi, 
Radulfo de la Chambre. 

The important manor of Hallam with 16 berewicks was in the possession 
of earl Waltheof at the Conquest and probably until 1076, when the earl 
lost his life for conspiring against the king. His widow, Judith the countess, 
who was niece to William I, was permitted to retain the manor, and at the 
time of the Survey it was held of her by Roger de Busli, or Builli. Roger 
also held the manor of Ecclesfield, where at the Conquest 6 thegns had 
owned as many manors. One of these thegns was Elsi, whose land was 
not incorporated in the later honor of Hallam, but in that of Tickhill. The 
land of one or more of the other 5 thegns seems to have been included in 
the first-named honor. The following table indicates the component parts 
of Hallamshire, including that part of Ecclesfield which belonged to the 
honor of Tickhill. 

LAND OF ROGER DE BUSLI. 



Holder 
T.R.E. 


Manor. Berewick. 


Holder 
T.R.W. 


car. 


bov. 


M Earl Wallef 


Hallam 


Roger de Busli"! 






16 B 




of Judith the j- 


29 


O 






countess 






.M 


Attercliffe l 


n 






M 


Sheffield l 


M * 


5 


O 




f Ulfac ^ 












Elsi 










6M . 


Godric ! 


Ecclesfield 




4 


O 2 




Dunninc j 












Elmar 










v Norman J 











1 Said to be inland in Hallam, i.e. berewicks of that manor. Three car. were 
assigned to each manor in the Summary. 

1 2 car. afterwards belonged to the honor of Hallamshire. 



HALLAMSHIRE: ECCLESFIELD 3 

LAND OF THE COUNT OF MORTAIN. 

Holder M ,, Holder 

T.R.E. Manor. 5>oc. T.R.W. car - bov> 

S Torchil Whiston Handsworth 1 2 2 

The 1 6 berewicks in Hallam comprised most of the following hamlets 
and places: Midhope, Wight wizle, Waldershelfe, Bolsterstone, Oughtibridge, 
Onesacre, Worrall, Holdsworth, Ughill, Bradfield,Wadsley, Owlerton, Stann- 
ington, Upperthorpe, Ecclesall, Heeley, Grimsthorpe, Osgerthorpe, Skinner- 
thorpe, Brightside, Birley, Aldwark and Walkley. 

It is possible that the church of Ecclesfield was given to the abbey of 
St. Wandrille by the countess Judith at the time when she gave to it, with 
the consent of William I, part of her manor of Boughton in the hundred of 
Spelho, co. Northant. 2 The account of the collection of Danegeld in York- 
shire in the year 1130 indicates that Hallamshire was then in the hands of 
David of Scotland ; that for the year 1 1 56 shows that Malcolm had resigned 
it with Westmorland, Copeland and the land between Tyne and Tees to 
Henry II. 3 In 1162 Westmorland was held by Hugh de Morevill and 
the land between Tyne and Tees was in the king's hand.* As there is no 
mention of Hallamshire, it is possible that Malcolm was again in possession. 
In 1187 the honor of William de Lovetot of" Halumsira" rendered 2os. to 
the scutage of Galway in respect of i knight's fee by the hands of the 
sheriff of Nottingham. 6 In 1205 Gerard de Furnival paid 2m. to the sixth 
scutage in respect of one fee which he held in chief in Yorkshire, and in 
1 2 12 he similarly held this fee, which was then described as being of 
" Scaffeld."' On 2 November, 1219, the relict of Gerard was ordered to do 
to Alexander, king of Scots, the services which she owed for lands held by 
her of the said king in England. 7 On 29 October preceding, Henry had 
delivered the custody of the honor of Huntingdon to the king of Scotland.* 

Upon the death of Thomas de Furnival, the elder, in 1332, it was found 
by inquest that he had held the castle and manor of Sheffield by service 
unknown, because his ancestors had held them of the king of Scotland by 
homage and service of rendering two white greyhounds yearly at mid- 
summer, which service had come to the king's hands by the forfeiture of 
the said king of Scotland ; by what service the king of Scotland had held 
the castle and manor of the king of England was not known.* 

The family of Luvetot sprang from Louvetot, in the arr. of Yvetot in 
Normandy, where lands and the church had been given to St. Wandrille 
at an early date. 10 The first of the family in England was Roger, the man 
of Roger de Busli, who held an extensive fee in Nottinghamshire, being part 
of Busli's honor of Tickhill, and 2 knights' fees in Northamptonshire of the 
fee of the abbot of Peterborough. 11 He was succeeded by his nephew 
Richard, son of his brother Nigel. 11 This Richard and his son William 
attested a confirmation by Henry I to the monastery of Belvoir. 18 In 1130 
William de Luvetot accounted for half a year's farm of (the honor of) 
Blythe, and for the sum of ,226 of the pleas of Geoffrey de Clinton and 
for the land which Robert de Cauz had held with his (Luvetot's) mother, 
and also for 2oom, for the king's pardon of a plea in which he had been 

1 See Kirkby's Quest, 3. * Bridges' Northants., i, 410. 

3 Pipe R., 3 Hen. II, 86. See V.C.H. Yorks., ii, 140. 

4 Pipe A'., 8 Hen. II, 52. 

5 Ked Bk.,(>4. #.,491. 
7 R. Lift. Claus., i, 407. * ib., 406*. 
' Cal. Inq.p.m.,\\\, 334. Cf. Placit. de quo War., 

10 Man. Angl., vi, 1 1 08. 

11 Chron. Petroburg. (Camden Soc.), 173-174- 
" Cal. Chart. R., iv, 296.' 



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Walter 
Fitz-Robert. 



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HALLAMSHIRE: LUVETOT, FURNIVAL 5 

involved at the recent assize of Blythe. 1 Possibly William de Luvetot's 
mother was one of the heirs to the fee of Southoo, which was held at the 
time of the Survey by Eustace, the sheriff of Huntingdon. 2 It is signifi- 
cant that Robert de Cauz appears in the Northamptonshire Survey of the 
time of Henry I as the tenant of the land in Bolebrook which Eustace the 
sheriff had held in chief at the Domesday Survey. 3 But Mr. Round con- 
siders that the fief of Eustace the sheriff did not descend to his heirs. 4 A 
confirmation charter of Henry I to the canons of Huntingdon, issued late 
in his reign, was directed among others to William de Luvetot. 5 This 
rather indicates that he was then in possession of the honor of Southoo 
Lovetot. About this time he founded a priory of Black Canons at Rad- 
ford, which was subsequently removed to Worksop. In his charter of 
foundation he names his wife Emma and refers to his sons. 6 

Richard de Luvetot is named in 1 144 in connexion with William Cumin's 
usurpation of the see of Durham. He is said to have imprisoned Cumin 
and to have treated him cruelly. 7 In 1156 he accounted for a fine for the 
marriage of some lady, 8 possibly Emma, his second wife, who survived 
him and died in n8o. 9 In 1158 he was pardoned 45^. of the Yorkshire 
donum of 500 marks. 10 In the following year the barons and knights of 
Yorkshire gave a donum of 277 marks, a sum apparently based upon a 
contribution of 2 marks from 138^ knights' fees, exclusive of the fees of the 
archbishop, the bishop of Durham and the sheriff. The quota of Richard 
de Luvetot, amounting to 13 marks, apparently due from 5^ fees held of the 
honor of Tickhill and i fee for the honor of Hallamshire, was pardoned; as 
also was that of Nigel, his brother, due for 2 fees of the honor of Tickhill. 11 
Richard was also paid io6.y. 8d. for his expenses in the army of Toulouse, 12 
in which he had evidently served with his knights. In Huntingdonshire 
Nigel paid 20 marks of the donum due from 10 knights' fees of the honor 
of Southoo. In 1161 Richard was pardoned a contribution of 2 marks from 
each of his 5^ fees held of the honor of Tickhill, 14 but Nigel paid 2o/. for 
his fees of the honor of Southoo Lovetot, 15 and 6, QJ. lod. for " scutage " 
in the following year. 18 

The division of the estate of William de Luvetot between his two sons, 
Richard and Nigel, is hard to understand. In 1166 Nigel returned his 
carta, showing that he held 10 fees, composing the honor of Southoo 
Lovetot, and 5 fees of the honor of Roger " de Boisly " of the fee of Blythe, 
that is, Tickhill." Probably he also held 2 fees of the abbot of Peter- 
borough in Clopton with the members, which Richard, his son, held in 
iiSg. 18 Richard, brother of Nigel, held in 1166 of the fee of William 
Paynell in Todwick with the members 5 fees. 19 Doubtless he also held 
the 5^ fees of the honor of Tickhill, and I fee representing the honor of 
Hallamshire, in respect of which he had been charged to the donum of 
1159, but had been pardoned the levy by reason of his service in the army 
of Toulouse. 

From midsummer, 1168, after the death of William de Aubigny, until 
sometime in 1171, Richard de Luvetot was accountant of the issues of the 
honor of Belvoir, 20 and William his son for the year ii7i, 21 and to Michael- 

I R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen I, 9-10. a Dom. Bk., i, 199*, 206. 
8 V.C.H. Northants., i, 292. 4 Feudal England, 223. 

5 Man. Angl., vi, 796. * ib., 1 1 8. 

7 Sym. of Durham, ii, 317. * Pipe R., 2 Hen. I, 39. 

ib., 22 Hen. II, 93 ; 26 Hen. II, 138. 10 ib., 4 Hen. II, 146. 

II ib., 5 Hen. II, 31. 12 ib., 29. 13 ib., 55- 

14 ib., 7 Hen. II, 38. " ib., 45- " 8 Hen - n 49- 

17 RedBk., 372-373. 18 Cal. Chart. R., iv, 277. 

19 RedBk., 430. 20 Pipe R-> *S Hen - n > 3- 
81 ib., 17 Hen. II, 96. 



6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

mas, 1172, when, as bailiff of Belvoir, he answered for the scutage due 
from his 5^ fees of the honor of Tickhill. 1 This points to the death of 
Richard de Luvetot having occurred in 1171. 

William de Luvetot was amerced in 1176 for forest trespass in Notting- 
hamshire and in respect of Temple Dinsley, also called Dinsley Furnivall, 
in Hertfordshire. 2 He died in ii8i, 3 leaving by Matilda, his wife, daughter 
'of Walter Fitz-Robert, then aged twenty-four, a daughter Matilda, born 
about 1178, in ward of Ralph Murdac.* For many years from 1181 the 
issues of the land of William de Luvetot were accounted for by the 
same Ralph, then sheriff of Nottingham. In 1184 he took credit for 40 
cows at 5-r. each and 4 bulls at Ss. each for restocking 2 vaccaries at 
"Sefeld" (Sheffield), and for 8 oxen at $s. each, 12 sows and a boar at I2d. 
each. He also expended 7 in making a fence (claudendf) round the castle 
of "Sedfeld" (Sheffield), and 6 for seed-corn for the land of William de 
Luvetot.* The following year he expended 66s. %d. in repairing the castle 
of " Sadfeld " (Sheffield), which had been destroyed by fire, 62s. in harvest- 
ing the corn crop, and paid ^10 to William Paynel for his (Murdac's?) 
relief.* In 1186 he accounted for 25^. %d. of the farm of land, late of Henry 
de Wulveley, whose heir was in the king's custody, and again 25^. in 1187. 
In 1188 a gate-keeper and a Serjeant, keeping ward in the castle of 
" Saffeld," cost ^4, io.r. 7 

Probably about 1198 the young heiress Matilda married Gerard, son 
and heir of Gerard de Furnival of Munden Furnivall, co. Essex. But it 
was not until the year 1200 that the elder Gerard proffered 4<x>m. that the 
king might take the homage of the younger Gerard of the barony late of 
William de Luvetot. 8 Mr. F. M. Powicke has some interesting notes about 
Gerard, the father, in The Loss of Normandy? The younger Gerard proffered 
^1000 and 15 palfreys in 1207 to have peace respecting the claim made 
against him by Nigel de Luvetot touching his fee. Of this fine he was 
afterwards pardoned zoom., and he quit-claimed to the king the town of 
" Nieweport" and surrendered the charter which he had, granting that town 
to him. 10 He went to Palestine with Simon de Montfort, 11 and died there in 
I2i8. lj Thomas, his son, also died in the Holy Land, in 1241. 1S He married 
Christiana, daughter of Wischard Ledet, heiress of the honor of Warden. 

126S. Agreement between Roger, abbot, and the convent of St. 
Wandrille, and Richard de Luvetot, that the riddings on the 
right-hand side of the road leading from Sheffield to Ecclesfield 
shall remain to St. Wandrille, and those on the left-hand side 
to Richard de Luvetot, with further provisions as to the wood- 
land on the left-hand side of the road leading from the church 
of Ecclesfield to Birley, the riddings of Wardsend, and common 
rights ; also grant by Richard de Luvetot to St. Wandrille of 
tithe of his venison of Hallamshire. 1161. 

From the evidences of William Shiercliffe, esq. ; Dodsw. MS. cxvii, f. 74. 
Pd. in Hunter's Hallamshire (ed. Dr. Gatty), p. 41. 

IHVS. Notum sit universis sancte ecclesie filiis tarn pre- 
sentibus quam futuris hanc esse conventionem inter dominum 

1 Pipe P., 18 Hen. II, 64, 109. 2 ib., 22 Hen. II, 7, 94. 

3 ib., 27 Hen. II, 14. R. de Dominabus, 36. 

Pipe R., 30 Hen. II, 100. it., 31 Hen. II, 117. 
T ib., 32-34 Hen. II. R.de Oblat., 103. 

P. 362. Pipe R., 9 John, Yorks. 
1 Math. Paris, Chron. Maj., 44, 175. R. Litt. Claus., i, 390. 

11 Math. Paris, Hist. Angl., ii, 459. 



HALLAMSHIRE: ECCLESFIELD, SHEFFIELD 7 

abbatem Rogerum etconventum Sancti Wandragesili et Ricardum 
de Louvetot : quod essarta autem a parte dextera vie que ducit de 
Sefeld ad Eglesfeld usque Blacaburna remanent quiete ecclesie 
Sancti Wandragesili, sicut sepes antiquitus ante combustionem 
fuerunt, et essarta a parte sinistra predicte vie remanent Ricardo 
de Louvetot quiete, sicuti sepes antiquitus ante combustionem 
fuerunt ; et boscum sicut via vadit de ecclesia de Eglesfeld usque 
Burleiestan ad sinistram alium l de Burleia usque ad essarta de 
Wereldesend ad sinistram sit in communione sicut antiquitus 
fuit ; preterea ab essartis de Wereldesenda a capite collis alium * 
ejusdem collis usque Burleistan et de Burleistan tota via usque 
Uhtinabrigga in bosco usque Douni per terminos predictos habet 
dominus abbas et homines sui pasturam pecoribus suis a festo 3 
Sancti Hilarii usque Pascha sine cornu et cane et securi, et a 
Pascha usque ad festum Sancte Marie in Augusto mortuum 
boscum sine vasto; et porci dominici monachorum cum porcis 
Ricardi habebunt pascuagium. Ricardus vero in augmentum 
elemosyne de omni venatione sua de Halumsira monachis de 
Eglesfeld decimam concedit. Hanc quoque conventionem con- 
cessit Willelmus heres et filius ejusdem Ricardi. Testibus hiis 
a parte monachorum : domino Gilberto abbate de Troarn, Roberto 
Maylard, Rogero Bouett et Alano filio fratris ejus, Alberto janitore, 
Godfrido coco, Radulpho camerario, Hugone milite, Ricardo filio 
Fulci. Ex parte vero domini Ricardi de Louvetot: Willelmo 
Faixo, Waltero de Haier, Rogero filio ejus, Rogero filio Roberti, 
Rogero de [blank], Radulpho filio Uhtred. Factum est hoc cyro- 
graphum anno ab incarnatione Domini millesimo centessimo sexa- 
gesimo primo, anno vero regis Henrici junioris septimo. 

Hoc signum domini Ricardi de Louvetot + 

Hoc signum Willelmi heredis sui + 

Hoc cyrographum factum est apud Sanctum Wandragesilum. 

1269. Confirmation by William de Luvetot to the monks of Kirkstead 
of the gifts made by Richard his father and himself (as above). 
1171-1181. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 127. 

Willelmus de Luvetot omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presenti- 
bus et futuris salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et hac mea carta 
confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kyrkestede et 
monachis ejusdem loci in elemosinam donationem quam Ricardus 
de Luvetot pater meus dedit eis, scilicet heremitorium Sancti 
Johannis quod est in parochia de Eclesfeld cum tota terra que ad 
illud pertinet, et illa[m] terra[m] quam avus meus ibi dedit et quam 
pater meus postea apposuit de augmento, scilicet totam terram 
que fuit Roberti le Cras, et preter hoc xxx. acras, et in terra 

1 Perhaps " a limite." ib. " festivitate " ; Hunter. 



8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Jordani de Reinevilla pasturam ad xxx animalia quam pater 
meus retinuit in manu sua ad opus heremitorii. Omnia predicta 
cum pertinentiis suis confirmo, scilicet in elemosinam, per eas- 
dem divisas que sunt in carta patris mei, sicut ipsa testatur, 
libere et quiete et ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et 
omni exactione; et cura[m] gerant de cap[ella]. Hec omnia 
manutenebimus ego et heredes mei et warantizabimus predicte 
ecclesie de Kyrkestede imperpetuum sicut elemosinam nostram 
et antecessorum nostrorum. Testibus : Willelmo priore Rede- 
fordie et capitulo ejusdem loci, Roberto de Sancto Albino, 1 Roberto 
Britone, Willelmo Puintel, Willelmo de Leke, Ricardo de Hallum. 

1 270. Grant by William de Luvetot to Roger the baker of land at 

Brightside called Thistlecroft and the land late of Walter de 
Osgottorp, deceased, except land in "Boiwrde." 1171-1181. 

From the orig., formerly in the poss. of the duke of Norfolk. Pd. in 
Hunter's Hallamshire (ed. Dr. Gatty), p. 38. 

Willelmus de Luvetot omnibus hominibus suis Francis et 
Anglicis tarn presentibus quam futuris salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Rogero pistori, pro 
homagio et servitio suo, illi et heredibus suis tenendam de me 
et de heredibus meis unam 2 terram apud Brichisherd que appel- 
latur Tistilcroft et totam terram que fuit Gualteri de Osgottorp in 
die qua ipse fuit vivus et mortuus, excepta ilia terra quam ipse 
habuit in Boiwrde, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, libere et quiete 
ab omni servitio et consuetudine et exactione pro sex solidis inde 
annuatim reddendis ad festum Sancte Marie prime in Augusto 
et excepto forensi servitio, scilicet quantum pertinet ad unam 
bovatam terre ; et ipse capiet in bosco quantum illi opus fuerit 
ad se herbergendum sine dare et vendere. 3 Testibus his : Matildi 
de Luvetot uxore mea et Ricardo de Luvetot fratre meo et Gual- 
tero fratre meo et Henrico de Luvetot, Radulpho de Luvetot, 
Ricardo filio Bernardi et Gualtero fratre suo, Roberto de Sumer- 
villa filio Roberti de Sumervilla, Henrico Godardi, Rogero de 
Coliston, Willelmo Arang, Baldwino, Roberto filio Pagani. 

1271. Grant by William de Luvetot to the infirm of Sheffield of land 

by the bridge of Don and their food from the mill of Sheffield. 
1171-1181. 

From the orig., in the poss. of the Town Trustees of Sheffield.* Pd. in 
Hunter's Hallamshire (ed. Dr. Gatty), p. 40. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus de 
Luvet[ot] dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta confirmavi in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam, pro anima mea et animabus patris et 

1 Altered from " Albano." * Sic ; for " unam bovatam terre " (?). 3 Sic. 
* I am indebted to Mr. T. Walter Hall of Sheffield for a photograph of the 
original charter. 



HALLAMSHIRE: SHEFFIELD, HANDSWORTH 9 

matris mee et antecessorum meorum, infirmis de Sefeldia terram 
quam Rogerus permenter tenuit juxta pontem Done et etiam 
victum illorum in molendino de Sefeldia. T[estibus] his : Roberto 
de Sumervilla, Henrico filio Godardi, Petro filio Ade, Roberto filio 
Pag[ani], Roberto filio Erturi, Roberto de Luvet[ot]. 

Circular seal (defaced). 

1272. Notitia of the gift by William de Luvetot to the canons of 
Worksop of a mill, stew and half an alder-grove at Holme Car, 
(near Shireoaks, co. Nott.), and of that portion in the church 
of Sheffield which Ralph and William, priests, have there, 
and the church of Annesley (co. Nott.), with tithe of money 
of all the donor's rents on this side or beyond the sea (as 
confirmed by Edward II). 1171-1181. 

Charter R., 9 Edw. II., m. 10. Pd. in Man Angl. t vi, 12 1. 
Donationem etiam et concessionem quas Willelmus de Luvetot 
fecit prefatis canonicis (Sancti Cuthberti de Wyrkesop) de molen- 
dino et vivario et dimidia alneti de Holmker ; et de ilia portione 
in ecclesia de Scefeld quam Radulfus et Willelmus sacerdotes in 
ilia habuerunt, videlicet de omnibus decimis plenarie tertiam par- 
tem in omnibus cum terris ad eandem ecclesiam pertinentibus 
et oblationibus et obventionibus altaris sicuti prefati sacerdotes 
eas unquam melius habuerunt ; et de ecclesia de Aynesleya x cum 
terris et decimis et omnibus pertinentiis suis ; et de omni decima 
denariorum de omnibus redditibus suis quos habuit vel habiturus 
fuisset citra mare vel ultra. 

Gerard de Furnival (1200-1218) gave the chapel of Bradfield. Matilda 
de Luvetot confirmed all the gifts of her ancestors and among others that 
of her grandmother, Cecily, of the church of Annesley. 

1273. Grant by William de Luvetot to Uctred the usher, for 4///., 
5-r. 8</., of the land late of Achi Nodger in Handsworth, to hold 
for IQS. yearly and the services of hunting and cutting brush- 
wood. 1171-1181. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 131. 

Willelmus de Luvetot omnibus hominibus suis Francis et 
Anglis, tarn presentibus quam futuris, salutem. Sciatis me de- 
disse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Huctredo hostiario pro 
servitio suo et pro iiij marcis argenti et v solidis et viij denariis 
totam terram que fuit Achi Nodger in Handwd' et quam ipse 
predictus Achi [tenuit] die qua fuit vivus et mortuus. Hanc 
terram prenominatam do et hac presenti carta confirmo predicto 
Huctredo hostiario et heredibus suis, tenendam de me et heredibus 
meis libere et quiete pro x solidis annuatim mihi reddendis pro 

1 " Dynesleya" ; Chart. R. Wrongly identified in Col. of Chart. R., Hi, 296, as 
Tinsley, co. York. 



IO EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

omni servitio et consuetudine, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in 
bosco et piano, in pratis et pasturis, in moris, in mariscis, in 
villa et extra villam, excepto forensi servitio et exceptis his 
duobus, scilicet venari et nemus secare, sicut mei alii liberi 
homines faciunt. Testibus his, scilicet Willelmo capellano, 
Roberto de Sumervilla et Ricardo fratre suo, Roberto Britone, 
Willelmo de Sancto Albino, Rogero sacerdote, Rogero de Calisto, 
Roberto de Meunel' filio Roberti de Meu[ne]l', Rogero pistore, 
Gualtero coco, Radulfo fratre suo, Baldewino filio Roberti de 
Radeclivo, Radulfo filio Suani, Ricardo filio Godar[di], Petro filio 
Ede, Ricardo de Allum, Willelmo de Staintona, et multis aliis. 

1274. Grant by Uctred the usher, for the soul of William de Luvetot, 
to the monks of Kirkstead of the third part of the bovate of 
land in Handsworth which the said William de Luvetot gave 
him. 1 1 81-^.1190. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. l$\d. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
Hucthedrus hostiarius concessi et dedi et hac mea carta confir- 
mavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kirkestede et monachis 
ejusdem loci, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, totam tertiam 
partem terre mee quam Willelmus de Luvetot dominus meus 
dedit mihi pro homagio meo et servitio meo in Handeswrda, 
scilicet j bovatam terre, et tertiam partem tofti mei cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis intra villam et extra, in bosco et piano, in pratis 
et pasturis, in moris et mariscis, in introitibus et exitibus, cum 
omnibus aliis aisiamentis et proficuis que inde evenire poterunt. 
Et volo ut prefati monachi habeant et teneant totam predictam 
terram cum suis pertinentiis libere et quiete et honorifice sine 
omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et omni exactione, sicut 
ulla elemosina melius vel liberius teneri potest. Et ego et 
heredes mei warantizabimus predictis monachis omnia predicta 
contra omnes homines imperpetuum. Hoc totum feci pro anima 
domini mei Willelmi de Luvetot et pro animabus omnium ante- 
cessorum et heredum ejus et pro salute anime mee et omnium 
antecessorum et heredum meorum. Testibus: Roberto de Lin wde, 
Stephano de Haltona, Bernardo de Brineford, Alexandro Le Cras, 
Thoma de Lindewde. 

1275. Grant by Uctred the usher, for the soul of William de Luvetot, 

to the monks of Kirkstead, of all the land in Handsworth 
which the same William de Luvetot gave him, to hold a third 
part in alms. uSi-^.ngo. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 132. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Huctredus 
hostiarius concessi et dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci in 



HALLAMSHIRE : HANDSWORTH 



II 



perpetuam elemosinam totam terram meam in Handeswrda quam 
Willelmus de Luvetot dominus meus dedit mihi pro homagio et 
servitio meo, habendam et tenendam libere et quiete, integre et 
plenarie cum omnibus pertinentiis suis intra villam et extra, ita 
quod ipsi monachi tenebunt totam tertiam partem predicte terre 
in puram elemosinam sine omni seculari servitio, et pro reliquis 
duabus partibus facient servitium quantum ad totam predictam 
terram pertinet, sicut carta quam predicti monachi inde habent 
testatur. Hoc totum feci pro anima domini mei Willelmi de 
Luvetot et pro animabus omnium antecessorum et heredum ejus 
et pro salute anime mee et omnium antecessorum meorum et here- 
dum meorum. Testibus : Roberto de Lindewde, Sthephano de 
Haltona, Bernardo de Brineford, Alexandro Le Cras, Thoma de 
Lindewde, Radulfo Basewine, Rogero de Swintona. 

1276. Quit-claim by Hugh Chat, Geva and Hawise, the daughters of 
Uctred the usher, to the monks of Kirkstead of the land late 
of the said Uctred in Handsworth, to hold the third part in 
alms and by rendering yearly for the other two-thirds io.y., with 
services of hunting and cutting brush-wood, as other free-men 
of the soc of Sheffield do. For this the monks gave them 4 
marks in the full sokemote at Sheffield, before Henry son of 
Godard, then seneschal. 1190-1200. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 132. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod nos Hugo Chat et 
Geva et Hawisa filie Huctredi hostiarii concessimus et quietum 
clamavimus a nobis et ab heredibus nostris Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci jus nostrum quod 
habuimus in terra prefati Huctredi in Handewrda, it[a] quod ipsi 
monachi tenebunt totam tertiam partem predicte terre in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam sine omni seculari servitio, et pro re- 
liquis duabus partibus reddent annuatim heredibus Willelmi de 
Luvetot x solidos, et venabuntur et nemus secabunt sicut alii 
liberi homines de socha de Seafeld faciunt, pro omnibus servitiis 
et consuetudinibus, salvo forensi servitio. sicut carta Willelmi de 
Luvetot quam predicti monachi habent testatur. Pro hac quieta- 
clamatione dederunt nobis predicti monachi iiij. marcas argenti 
in pleno sokemot apud Seafeld coram Henrico filio Godardi tune 
senescallo. Testibus : Adam capellano, Roberto filio Pagani, 
Radulfo de Willesic, Willelmo de Tretona, Henrico de Arches, 
Helia de Midhope. 

Henry de Arches was one of the tenants of the honor of Tickhill in 
II99. 1 Robert son of Pain of Hooton Roberts and Wilsick died in 1203.* 
He had issue Ralph, probably of Wilsick, who attested this charter and 
died in his father's lifetime, for Adam de Willehesic held i fee of the 



honor of Tickhill in succession to his father in 1212.* 



. de Oblat., 16. 



* Pipe R., 5 John. 



Red Bk., 593- 



12 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

In 1194 Matthew de Hatherseu[dge] was involved in a plea with Ralph 
de Wileseck touching the felling of some underwood. Ralph failed to 
appear. 1 

1277- Confirmation by Gerard de Furnivall to the monks of Roche 
of a gift of land in Todwick, made by Ralph Tortemains, 
which Richard de Luvetot and William his son confirmed. 
1200-1218. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 289. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Girardus de Furnivall 
concessi et hac mea presenti carta confirmavi Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monachis de Rupe donationem terre in Tatewic cum 
pertinentiis suis quam Radulfus Tortemayns dedit illis et sua 
carta confirmavit sicut Ricardus de Luvetot et Willelmus films 
suus predictis monachis suis cartis confirmaverunt. Hiis testi- 
bus, Ricardo filio Bernardi, Henrico filio Godardi, Willelmo 
capellano de Sefeld, Manasser, Roberto clerico, Jordano capel- 
lano. 

The land thus confirmed was Little Todwick. 2 It was a member of the 
fee of Paynel of Hooton, and had been given or sold by Ralph Tortemains 
to the monks of Roche before 1172. Matilda de Luvetot, after the death 
of Gerard de Furnivall, her husband, confirmed to the monks the lands in 
Todwick which Ralph Tortemains, William Tortemains (his son), William 
de St. Paul and Nicholas de St. Paul had given to the same monks. 8 

1278. Notification by Henry II that the controversy between Geoffrey, 
abbot of St. Wandrille, and the convent, and Jeremiah de 
Eglesfeld, clerk, respecting the church of Ecclesfield with its 
chapels of Sheffield, Bradfield and Whiston and the lay fee of 
the abbot in Ecclesfield, has been terminated before him, 
namely Jeremiah has quit-claimed to the abbot the rights of 
parson which he said he had in the church and chapels and 
the hereditary right which he claimed in the abbot's lay fee in 
that town, while the abbot has granted to Jeremiah the rights 
of perpetual vicar of that church, namely the third of the 
whole church and of the chapels and of all offerings and of 
everything belonging to it in free alms ; and also two-thirds of 
the church and chapels to be held at farm for his life with all 
his lay fee for 20 marks yearly at Michaelmas. Geddington. 
1188. 

Chartul. of St. Wandrille, Archives de Seine-Inferieure, S.I., p. 305. 
Abstr. in Round, Cat. of Docs.. France, n. 178. 

Henricus Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, salutem. Sciatis querelam que 

* R. Cur. Reg., i, 67. * Man. Angl., v, 502*. * #., 503^. 



HALLAMSHIRE : ECCLESFIELD j* 

vertebatur inter abbatem et conventum Sancti Wandregesili et 
Jeremiam de Eglesfeld clericum supra ecclesia de Eglesfeld et 
capellis ad eandem ecclesiam pertinentibus, scilicet capella de 
Seffled l et de Bradesfeld 2 et de Wiltan ; et de laico feodo quod 
idem abbas habebat in Eglesfeld et in pertinentiis, in hunc modum 
coram me, concessione et assensu capituli Sancti Wandregesili, 
inter Gaufridum ejusdem loci abbatem et jam dictum Jeremiam 
esse terminatam : videlicet quod idem Jeremias clamavit quietum 
jamdicto abbati et conventui personatum quern se in dicta ecclesia 
et capellis habere asserebat et totum jus hereditarium quod cla- 
mabat in laico feodo ipsius abbatis in eadem villa et in pertinentiis ; 
abbas vero, assensu conventus sui, concessit jamdicto Jeremie 
perpetuam vicariam ejusdem ecclesie, scilicet tertiam partem 
totius ecclesie et capellarum et omnium obventionum et rerum et 
terrarum ad earn pertinentium in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam ; concessit etiam ei duas partes ecclesie et capellarum 
tenendas de eo ad firmam quamdiu vixerit cum toto laico feodo suo 
ejusdem ville et in pertinentiis, in decimis et redditibus et terris 
et omnibus locis et rebus ad ea pertinentibus, cum omni integri- 
tate sua, pro viginti marcis argenti inde reddendis per annum ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod 
jamdicta conventio et finis inter eos coram me factus firmiter et 
inconcusse teneatur. Testibus hiis: [Hugone] Dunhelmensi, 3 
Johanne Norwic[ensi] episcopis; comite Willelmo Susexie, Ra- 
nulfo de Glanvilla, 4 Willelmo de Humeto constabulario, Waltero 
filio Roberti, Seherio de Quinci, Willelmo marescallo, Gaufrido 
filio Petri, 5 Ricardo de Can ville, apud Gartintonam. 

In 1 176 Jeremiah de Ecclesfeld was amerced 4om. for default respecting 
2 assizes. 6 In 1183 the debt was unpaid, and it was reported that nothing 
to distrain upon could be found outside the jurisdiction (septa) of the church. 7 
During the next two years he reduced the debt, but in 1 189 he was reported 
to be dead, still owing io6s. 8d. s Some years before Easter term, 1200, 
Gerard de Furnival appears to have disseised Ralph de Eggrefeld 
(Ecclesfield) of certain lands and woodland in Ecclesfield, " Grauenho " 
(Grenoside) and " Wlvuineslega " (Woolley). After Gerard had ceased to 
have custody of that land, Ralph recovered seisin by a recognition of grand 
assize. At the date named Adam de St. Mary, Berlin de Neufmarche, Hugh 
de Mukelebrig, Rascius del Buc, Adam de Mikelebrig, William de L'Isle, 
Robert Malet, John son of Harding, William de Livet and William de 
Mortething, the knights summoned to declare what seisin Gerard had in 
the premises, gave their verdict that William de Luvetot was not seised of 
the land at his death and that it remained therefore to Ralph. As to the 
wood they did not know what injury Gerard had done, but the wood was 
worth more than ^500.* At another hearing of this plea the younger 
Gerard referred to the composition made between his wife's grandfather and 
the abbot of St. Wandrille. 10 In 1205 the land of Ecclesfield which Ralph, 

1 " Sesfleld" ; Chartul. * " Wradesfled" ; it. * ' Dunhoulmensi " ; ib. 

" Glavilla " ; ib. " Pace." ; ib. PipeR., 22 Hen. II, 108. 

7 ib., 29 Hen. II, 49. * ib., i Ric. I. R. Cur. Reg., ii, 165. 

10 Cur. Reg. R. 21, m. lod. See also X. de Oblat., 118. 



14 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

or Robert his brother, held of the monks of St. Wandrille was ordered to be 
seised for a debt of ioo/. due by Ralph to the king ; l and in the ensuing 
year a similar mandate was issued, the debt being then described as due to 
Gerard de Furnival. 1 In 1207 the abbot of St. Wandrille proffered jioo to 
have a pension of 2om. due out of the church of Ecclesfield, which Gerard 
de Furnival then had, and to have i los. worth of land in Boughton, co. 
Northant., which had been taken into the king's hands by reason of the 
seizure of the lands of the Normans in England. 3 Seisin of the pension and 
rent was ordered to be given to the abbot.* 

About the middle of the thirteenth century Thomas, son of Robert de 
Ecclesfeud, released to the abbot and convent of Roche his right in 4 
bovates in Cudworth, which Henry de Sel(v)eslai had given to them. 5 In 
January, 1279, Thomas de Furnival acknowledged that the manor of 
Ecclesfield and the advowson of the church was the right of Geoffrey, abbot 
of St. Wandrille, to hold in free alms.' 

1279. Confirmation by Gerard de Furnival, husband of Matilda de 
Luvetot, and with her consent, to the monks of Kirkstead of 
the gifts made by Richard de Luvetot and William his son in 
the grantor's fee, and that made by Uctred of i bovate in 
Handsworth. 1200-1218. 
Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. I33<f. Pd. in Man. Angl., v, 419, n. 8. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Girardus 
de Furnival, maritus Matildis de Luvetot, salutem. Sciatis me, 
per bonam voluntatem predicte Matildis uxoris mee, concessisse 
et present! carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie 
et monachis de Kirkestede in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
omnes donationes quas Ricardus de Luvetot et Willelmus filius 
ejus fecerunt eis in feodo suo, et preterea donationem Huctredi 
de j bovata terre cum tertia parte tofti in territorio de Handeswrda 
cum pertinentiis suis, et donationem Rogeri filii Arturi de j bovata 
terre in territorio de Wdehus, et donationem Radulfi blundi, 
scilicet dimidiam bovatam terre in territorio predicte ville de 
Wdehus et duas terras cum duabus gravis, et donationem 
Hugonis de Bramleya, scilicet unum toftum in quo continentur 
iiij acre. Omnia predicta habebunt et tenebunt predicti monachi 
libere et quiete sine omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et 
exactione mihi pertinenti, sicut carte donatorum quas predicti 
monachi habent testantur. Hoc totum feci eis pro salute anime 
mee et uxoris mee Matildis de Luvetot et pro salute omnium 
antecessorum meorum et heredum. Hiis testibus : Simone 
Folyot, Thoma de Reinvilla tune senesscallo, Simone de Campo 
Remigii, Eustacio fratre suo, Radulfo de Eccheleshalla, Willelmo 
de Holtona, Radulfo de Walderschelf. 

Thomas de Reinevill, who was seneschal of Sheffield in succession to 
Matthew de Eston, was son and heir apparent of Adam de Reinevill of 
Campsall. Thomas de Reinevill was amerced in 1206 for a disseisin, and 

1 R. Litt. Claus., i, 56. * Jf. de Fin., 342. 3 ib., 400. 

4 ib. Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 31. 

Feet of F., 57, n. 47. 



HALLAMSHIRE: HANDSWORTH jr 

paid his debt in the ensuing year. 1 He died in his father's lifetime, and in 
December, 1218, Adam, the father, granted to Eva, daughter of Hugh de 
Boby and relict of Thomas de Reinevill, dower in various estates which 
her late husband had enjoyed. 2 

1 280. Confirmation by Gerard de Furnival to the monks of Kirkstead 
of land in Handsworth given to them by Uctred the usher, 
and acquittance of the forinsec service in consideration of 40^. 
yearly in addition to the farm of IQS. 1200-^.1210. 

Brit. Mus., Harl. ch. 50, E. 54 ; Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 130^. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens cartha pervenerit 
G[erardus] de Furnival salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et hac 
mea presenti cartha confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci totam terram quam Huctre- 
dus hostiarius dedit eis in Handeswrth pro decem solidis, sicut 
cartha ejusdem Huctredi testatur, et forense servitium quod ad 
predictas terras pertinet omnino remisi quantum ad me et ad 
heredes meos pertinet pro quadraginta denariis quas monachi 
dabunt michi annuatim in aumentum firme. His testibus, 
Rogero de Cressi, Matheo de Estun, Henrico filio Godardi, Rogero 
de Haer, Gileberto de Hertil, Alano filio Alexandri, Ricardo de 
Haer, Ada 3 de Haitun, Alano castellano. 

Circular seal of green wax, bearing a shield showing a bend be- 
tween six birds ; * on the bend the word " MARIA." Legend : 
+ SIG[IL]LVM GERARDI DE FORNIVALE. 

Matthew de Eston was seneschal to Gerard de Furnival, the elder, 
in I2oo. 8 Possibly he had held this office during the period of Gerard's 
custody of the lands of William de Luvetot. Henry, son of Godard, who 
had ceased to be seneschal sometime before the year 1200, gave a bovate 
in Saxondale, co. Nott., to Worksop. 8 Godard Hill stands on the north 
side of Sheffield. Walter le Haier and Roger his son gave land in or near 
Holme Car, co. Nott., Steetley, co. Derby, and in Thorpe Salvin, co. York. 7 

1281. Grant by Ralph Blund to the monks of Kirkstead of \\ bovate 
of his land of Carbrook of equivalent value to the land which 
he gave them in Woodhouse, in case he and his heirs were 
unable to warrant the land in Woodhouse. 1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. \yid. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Radulfus Blund 
concessi et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirkestede in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam j bovatam terre et dimidiam de terra mea de Kere- 
broc, ad valentiam terre quam dedi eis in Wdeus, si tamen ego 
vel heredes mei non poterimus warantazare predictis monachis 
predictam terram de Wdeus, cum prato et pastura et omnibus 

1 Pipe R., 6-7 John. * Feet of F., 15, n. 117. * "Ade"; ch. 

4 These are not martlets, but have legs and long necks and the wings closed. 
See Matth. Paris, Chron, Majora, vi, 473. 

K. de Oblat., 103. Cal. Chart. R., Hi, 302. T *., 3l- 



1 6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

aliis pertinentiis suis, habendas et tenendas libere et quiete ab 
omni secular! servitio et consuetudine et exactione sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et ego et heredes mei waranti- 
zabimus predictis monachis totam predictam terram cum per- 
tinentiis contra omnes homines imperpetuum. His testibus : 
Simone Folyot, Helya capellano de Canuntorp, Johanne clerico, 
Gilleberto de Cressi, Rogero longo, Roberto de Sancto Albano, 
Waltero Cole. 

1 282. Grant by Ralph Le Blund, with the consent of Agnes his wife, 
to the monks of Kirkstead of half a bovate in Woodhouse 
with meadow and pasture. 1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 132^. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Radulfus Le Blund, 
consensu Agnetis uxoris mee et heredum meorum, concessi et 
dedi et presenti carta confirmavi in puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam Deo et ecclesie et monachis Sancte Marie de Kirkestede 
dimidiam bovatam terre arabilis in territorio de Wdehus, cum 
prato et pastura et cum omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis infra 
villam et extra, excepto tofto quod retinui in manu mea ; quod 
toftum cum predicta terra Bernardus films Gnuf ' tenuit. Et ego et 
heredes mei warantizabimus omnia predicta ad opus predictorum 
monachorum contra omnes homines et aquietabimus de omnibus 
rebus et servitiis, ut ipsi monachi habeant et teneant omnia pre- 
dicta libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et 
exactione in perpetuam elemosinam. Testibus : Simone Folyot, 
Helya capellano de Canuntorp, Johanne clerico, Gilleberto de 
Cressi, Rogero longo, Roberto de Sancto Albano, Waltero 
Cola. 

1 283. Grant by Roger, son of Arthur de Wodehus, to the monks of 
Kirkstead of the land in Woodhouse, which Alfric held of 
him with a toft, and 4 acres in the fields there, 3 acres being 
in Godwinecroft and i acre in Siward's ridding, which Ralph 
(Blund) his lord gave him in addition to i bovate of land, 
except the 4th part of a toft from which he has given them 2d. 
for incense yearly. 1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 133. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerus films 
Arturi de Wdehus do et hac mea carta confirmo Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci terram 
meam de Wdehus, quam Alfricus tenuit de me, cum tofto et cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, infra villam et extra, in pratis, in 
pasturis, in boscis, in viis et semitis et omnibus aliis asiamentis. 
Insuper dedi eis iiij. acras terre in eisdem campis quam Ra- 
dulfus dominus meus dedit michi in augmentum cum bovata 
una, scilicet quicquid tenui de Radulfo Blundo preter quartam 



HALLAMSHIRE: WOODHOUSE 17 

partem unius tofti, unde dedi eisdem ij denarios ad incensum 
annuatim ad Nativitatem Beate Marie. Et sciendum est quod tres 
predicte acre jacent in Godewinegrof et quarta jacet in sarto 
Siwardi. Omnia predicta dedi eis pro j bovata, siv[e] plus siv[e] 
minus habeat, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius et quietius teneri potest. Et ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus hec omnia contra omnes homines imper- 
petuum. Testibus, Simone Folyot de Handewrde, Radulfo et 
Rogero capellanis, Gilleberto Cresi, Ricardo de Vernuil', Willelmo 
Barbot. 

1284. Confirmation by Hawise, daughter of Arthur, to the monks of 

Kirkstead of the gift made by Roger her brother. 1200-1218. 
Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 133. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hawisa filia Arturi con- 
cede donum fratris mei Rogeri quod idem Rogerus dedit Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci, 
et si aliquod jus habui in ilia terra quam ipse dedit quietum clamo. 
Hiis testibus: Simone persona de Handewrda, Roberto filio 
Alwi, Willelmo Caht et Hugone fratre ejus et Hugone de Brame- 
leya et Hutting gladiatore et Bernardo de Wdehus. 

1285. Confirmation by Ralph Blund of Carbrook with the consent 
of Agnes his wife, to the monks of Kirkstead of the gift made 
by Roger, son of Arthur de Wodehus, in the said town of 
Woodhouse with common of pasture ; grant also of 2 " lands," 
one in Godewinecroft and the other in the croft below 
Dehamhill ; also a " gravex" by the brook there and another 
between the bridges towards Hackenthorpe (in co. Nott). 
1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 133. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Radulfus Blundus 
de Kerebroc, consilio et assensu Agnetis uxoris mee et heredum 
meorum, concessi et confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci donationem quam Rogerus 
filius Arturi de Wdehus dedit eis in predicta villa, scilicet totam 
terram quam tenuit de me cum communi pastura ejusdem ville 
de Wdehus. Insuper dedi eis in augmentum ex proprio dono 
duas terras in eisdem campis, scilicet unam in Godewinecroft et 
jacet [inter] terram quam predictus Rogerus tenuit et terram 
Walteri Snaulas et alteram in inferiori crofto subtus Dehamhil ; x 
et unam gravam ibi juxta torrentem quam Bernardus cepit 
sartare ; et alteram gravam inter pontes versus Hakintorp, cum 
communi pastura ejusdem ville et cum omnibus pertinentiis et 
asiamentis infra villam et extra. Omnia predicta concessi et 
dedi eisdem monachis pro j bovata terre, siv[e] plus siv[e] minus 

V An alteration has been made in this name, which may be intended for Dirhamhil. 
Ill B 



1 8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

habeat, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius et quietius teneri potest. Hiis testibus : Simone Folyot 
persona de Handeswrda, Rogero et Radulfo capellanis, Gilleberto 
de Cressi, Ricardo de Vernuil'. 

In 1219 Gerard de Furnivall (the elder) was adjudged to have disseised 
Thomas de Hacuntorp of his free tenement in Woodhouse. 1 Alexander 
de Nevill and Margaret his wife were adjudged to have been disseised of 
another tenement there by Gerard de Furnivall and Richard de Balefeld. 
Hugh son of Walter, Simon, Gerard and Richard were the four knights 
who elected a jury of grand assize between the parties. 2 

1 286. Grant by Robert de Luvetot to Richard de Acton of i bovate, 
being the moiety of Bramley (in Handsworth), to hold for 
5^. 6d. yearly. 1190-1200. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. lyxl. 

Sciant qui sunt et qui venturi sunt R[obertum] 3 de Luvetot 
dedisse et presenti carta confirmasse Ricardo de Actona et 
heredibus suis unam bovatam terre, scilicet dimidium de Bram- 
leia, cum omnibus pertinentiis in bosco et piano, in aquis et 
pa[s]cuis, tenendam de se et heredibus suis quiete et libere, pro 
omni servitio excepto forensi, reddendo annuatim v solidos et vj 
denarios, scilicet dimidietatem ad Pentecosten et dimidietatem 
ad festum Sancti Dionisii ; [et] ad recognitionem unam marcam 
argenti. Testibus his : Symone persona, 4 Willelmo clerico de 
Tretona, Symone de Wdehusa, Johanne Modi, Matheo de Ullei, 
Johanne de Gilwohat, Rogero filio Gosselini, Gervasio filio 
R[ ]. 

1 287- Grant by Richard de Acton, Jordan his heir, William, Matthew 
and John, brothers of Jordan, to the monks of Kirkstead of a 
bovate in Bramley, being the moiety of the land which he 
had by the gift of Robert de Luvetot. For this they gave 
Gerard 5 marks in full sokemot at Sheffield before Henry, son 
ofXiodard, then seneschal. 1190-1200. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 131. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus de Actona 
et Jordanus heres meus et Willelmus et Matheus et Johannes 
fratres ejus concessimus et dedimus et quietam clamavimus mo- 
nachis de Kyrkestede unam bovatam terre, scilicet medietatem 
totius terre de Brameleia quam habuimus ex dono Roberti de 
Luvetot, sicut carta ejusdem R[oberti] quam predicti monachi 
habent testatur. Ideo volumus ut predicti monachi habeant et 
teneant totam predictam terram libere et quiete, integre et ple- 
narie, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in bosco et piano, in aquis 
et pascuis et in omnibus aliis aisiamentis et proficuis, salvo 

1 Assize R. 1040, m. 2. * #., m. lod, m. 12. 

* From the heading. 4 Simon Foliot, parson of Handsworth. 



HALLAMSHIRE: BRAMLEY IN HANDSWORTH 19 

servitio quod ad predictam terram pertinet, sicut predicta carta 
quam predicti monachi habent testatur. Hanc donationem et 
quietam clamationem fecimus predictis monachis pro v marcis 
argenti quas idem monachi dederunt nobis in pleno sokemot apud 
Seaffeld coram Henrico filio Godardi tune senescallo. Testibus : 
Adam capellano, Nicholao de Bolonia, Helia de Mildhope, Roberto 
Britone, Radulfo de Waldeself, Thoma de Olli, Roberto de Darn- 
h[ale], Roberto de Wintewrda, Rogero de Switon', Willelmo 
Brun, et multis aliis. 

1288. Confirmation by Henry, son of Robert de Luvetot, to the 

monks of Kirkstead of the gift made by Richard de Acton of 
a bovate in Bramley, being a moiety of Bramley, to hold for 
5^. 6d. yearly. ^.1205-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 136. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Henricus 
films Roberti de Luvetoft salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et 
dedisse et hac mea carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie 
et monachis de Kirkestede unam bovatam terre quam Ricardus 
de Actona tenuit de Roberto patre meo in Bramleia, scilicet me- 
dietatem de Bramleia, cum omnibus pertinentiis, tenendam de 
me et heredibus meis libere et quiete, reddendo annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis quinque solidos et vj denarios, scilicet xxxiij 
denarios ad Pentecosten et xxxiij denarios ad festum Sancti Dio- 
nisii, pro omni servitio excepto forensi regis. Et pro hac con- 
cessione et donatione dederunt michi prenominati monachi de 
Kirkestede de recognitione tres marcas argenti. Et ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus predictam terram predictis monachis contra 
omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus : Roberto priore de 
Wirkesope, Girardo de Furnivall', Radulfo de Ecclessal', Jordano 
de Reinevilla, Waltero de Haier, Nicholao clerico de Wirkesope. 

1 289. Grant by Richard de Acton to the monks of Kirkstead of his 

ancient messuage in Bramley with the toft and croft and 12 
acres of land, by the perch of 19 feet, on the east and south 
side of the said croft, and pasture for 100 sheep by the long 
hundred. 1200-1230. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 136^. 

Notum sit omnibus presentibus et futuris quod ego Ricardus 
de Actuna concessi et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie et monachis de Kyrkestede in territorio de 
Brameleya antiquam mansionem meam cum toto tofto et crofto et 
xij acris terre arabilis per percam xix pedum predicto crofto 
propinquioribus ex orientali et australi parte, cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis infra villam et extra, et pasturam ad centum oves per 
majus centum. Omnia predicta habebunt et tenebunt monachi 
libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et omni 



2O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

exactione in puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Et ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus eisdem monachis omnia predicta contra omnes 
homines imperpetuum. Testibus : Petro de Birketuith, Willelmo 
Barbot, Willelmo Kat. 

1290. Grant by Richard de Acton to the monks of Kirkstead in fee 

farm of 30 acres of arable land next the land which he gave 
them in alms, to hold for 5^. 6d. yearly. 1200-1230. 
Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 1360?. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus de 
Actuna concessi et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie et monachis de Kyrkestede in elemosinam 
et feudi firmam in territorio de Brameleya xxx ta acras terre 
arabilis propinquiores terre quam dedi eis in elemosinam ex 
australi et orientali parte, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis infra 
villam et extra, cum pratis et pasturis, cum boscis et bruciis, cum 
introitibus et exitibus et omnibus aliis rebus. Omnia predicta 
habebunt et tenebunt idem monachi libere et quiete imperpetuum, 
reddendo inde michi et heredibus meis v solidos et sex denarios 
per annum pro omnibus rebus et servitiis, scilicet xxxiij denarios 
ad Pentecosten et xxxiij denarios ad festum Sancti Dionisii, et 
faciendo forinsecum servitium quantum pertinet ad unam bovatam 
terre. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis monachis 
omnia predicta contra omnes homines imperpetuum. Testibus, 
Petro de Birketeuith, Willelmo Barbot. 

1291. Grant by Hugh de Bramley to the monks of Kirkstead of a 
toft, containing 4 acres of land, in Bramley (in Handsworth). 
1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 132. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hugo de Brameleia dedi et 
hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Beate Marie de 
Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam totum toftum meum de Brameleia in quo continentur 
iiij acre terre, habendum et tenendum libere et quiete et honorifice 
et pacifice sine omni seculari servitio et consuetudine et omni 
exactione et auxilio, sicut ulla elemosina melius et liberius teneri 
potest. Et ego Hugo de Brameleia et heredes mei warantizabimus 
hoc predictum toftum supradictis monachis contra omnes homines 
in perpetuum. Hiis testibus : Thoma de Reinvilla tune sene- 
scallo, Matheo de Estona, Nicholao de Bolonia, Willelmo de 
Tretona, Radulfo de Ecleshal', Simone Foliot, Willelmo capellano 
suo, Roberto de Darnahal'. 

1292. Grant by Hugh de Bramley to the monks of Kirkstead of his 
land of Bramley except the field which lies between the brow 



HALLAMSHIRE: BRAMLEY IN HANDSWORTH 2 l 

of the hill and the brook of Clementcroft and Sindirhill, for 
5.? . yearly. 1 2 oo- 1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 132^. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hugo de Brameleia con- 
cessi et dedi et hac present! carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
Beate Marie de Kirkestede et monachis ejusdem loci totam terram 
meam de Brameleia preter ilium campum qui jacet in medio a 
supercilio mentis usque ad rivulum de Clementecroft et de Sin- 
dirhill', sicut divise facte sunt inter me et illos ; habendam et 
tenendam de me et heredibus meis cum omnibus liberis consue- 
tudinibus et aisiamentis sine omni seculari servitio et consuetudine 
et exactione et auxilio, reddendo annuatim michi et heredibus 
meis v solidos, medietatem ad Pentecosten et medietatem ad fe- 
stum Sancti Dionisii. Et ego Hugo de Brameleia et heredes mei 
warantizabimus et aquietabimus totam predictam terram supradic- 
tis monachis contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus : 
Thoma de Reinvill tune senescallo, Matheo de Eston, Nicholao de 
Bolonia, Willelmo de Treton'. 

1293. Grant by Henry, son of Robert de Luvetot, to the monks of 
Kirkstead of the toft which Hugh de Bramley held of Robert, 
the grantor's father, in Bramley, and all the land that he so held, 
except the field between the brow of the hill and the brook of 
Clementecroft, to hold for 55-. yearly to Hugh and his heirs. 
For this the monks gave Henry 3 marks for acknowledgment. 
^.1205-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 136. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Henricus 
films Roberti de Luvetoft salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et 
dedisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie et monachis de Kirkestede in puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam toftum quod Hugo de Bramleia tenuit de Roberto patre 
meo in Bramleia, in quo tofto continentur iiij or acre terre. Et 
preterea dedi eis et confirmavi totam terram cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis quam predictus Hugo [tenuit] de Roberto patre meo in 
Bramleia, preter ilium campum qui jacet in medio a supercilio 
mentis usque ad rivulum de Clementecroft, et de Sinderhil sicut 
divise facte fuerunt inter predictos monachos et predictum Hugo- 
nem, reddendo annuatim Hugoni et heredibus v solidos, scilicet 
ij solidos et sex denarios ad Pentecosten et duos solidos et sex 
denarios ad festum Sancti Dionisii, pro omni servitio et consuetu- 
dine et auxilio. Et pro hac donatione et confirmatione dederunt 
michi predicti monachi tres marcas argenti de recognitione. Et 
ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis monachis omnia pre- 
dicta contra omnes in perpetuum. His testibus : Roberto priore 
de Wirkesop, Girardo de Furnivall', Radulfo de Ecclesal', Jordano 
de Reinevilla, Waltero de Haier, Nicholao clerico, etc. 



22 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1294. Confirmation by Gerard de Furnival, with the consent of 
Matilda his wife, to the monks of Kirkstead of the gifts made 
by Uctred the usher of 2 bovates in Handsworth, and by 
Richard de Acton of i bovate, and by Hugh de Bramley of 
land in Bramley. 1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 133^. 

Notum sit omnibus presentibus et futuris quod ego Girardus 
de Furnival, maritus Matildis de Luvetot, per concessionem et 
bonam voluntatem predicte Matildis uxoris mee, concessi et pre- 
senti carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie et monachis 
de Kirkestede donationem quam fecit eis Huctredus hostiarius de 
duabus bovatis terre in territorio de Handeswde cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis intra villam et extra, sicut carta predicti Huctredi 
quam monachi habent testatur, reddendo inde annuatim michi et 
heredibus meis x solidos pro omnibus servitiis, salvo forinseco 
servitio regis. Et sciendum quod totum residuum servitium quod 
ad me et ad heredes meos pertinuit et quod predictus Huctredus 
debuit facere pro eadem terra omnino remisi monachis imper- 
petuum pro xl denariis quos monachi dabunt michi et heredibus 
meis annuatim in augmentum firme. Preterea concedo et con- 
firmo eisdem monachis donationem quam fecit eis Ricardus de 
Actona de una bovata terre cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et 
donationem Hugonis de Bramleya de terra sua in territorio 
ejusdem ville de Bramleya, sicut carte eorum quas predicti 
monachi habent testantur. Omnia predicta habebunt et tenebunt 
idem monachi libere, integre et plenarie sicut carte donatorum 
testantur. Testibus : Symone Folyot, Thoma de Reinvilla tune 
senescallo, Simone de Campo Remigii, Eustacio fratre suo, 
Radulfo de Eccleshal'. 

On 12 November, 1215, the land of Eustace de Campo Remigii and 
Simon his brother in Cheshunt was given by king John to Robert Makerell, 1 
but shortly after this Simon returned to allegiance and on 31 January 
following the land of Eustace de Vescy and Geoffrey de Sausesmare in 
Rotherham was committed to the said Simon. 2 

1295. Grant by Gerard de Furnival to William de Berri of 20 acres 
of land in Lund in the soc of Ecclesfield, next the ridding of 
Robert de Lund by (the water of) Blackburn, for 3^. yearly. 
1200-^.1210. 

From the orig. formerly penes Francis Wortley, knt. and bart. ; Dodsw. 
MS. Ixii, f. 41. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ger[ardus] de Furnivall 
concessi et dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Willelmo de Berri et 
heredibus suis, pro v marcis argenti quas mihi dedit, xx acras 
terre in soca de Ecclesfeud, scilicet in Lundo, propinquiores essarto 

1 R. Litt. Claus., i, 236. ib., 247. Cf. 251-252. 



HALLAMSHIRE: HANDSWORTH, BRAMLEY, LUND 23 

Roberti de Lundo juxta Bakeburne versus west, tenendas de me 
et heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, libere, quiete, cum om- 
nibus libertatibus et aisiamentis ad tantam terrain pertinen- 
tibus ; reddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus meis tres 
solidos, scilicet ad Pascha xviii denarios et ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis xviii denarios, pro omni servitio ; salvo eo quod rationa- 
bile mihi auxilium faciet quando alii liberi homines mei auxilium 
faciunt qui ita tenent, et salvo forinseco servitio. Hiis testibus : 
Henrico priore de Wirkesop, Simone Foliot, Rogero de Haer, 
Thoma de Renevill, Simone de Campo Remigii, Eustachio fratre 
suo, Waltero de Haer, Willelmo Harange, Radulfo de Eccleshale, 
Radulfo de Walderscelf, Hugone filio Walteri, Roberto de 
Darnh[ale], et aliis. 

Ralph de Walderchelf was amerced in 1190 for a default, and in the 
following year he had licence to make an agreement. 1 

1296. Grant by Gerard, son of Gerard de Furnival, to the monks 

of Kirkstead, for the health of the soul of Matilda his wife, 
Richard and William de Luvetot and others, of the moiety of 
the mill of Woodhouse for mass-lights. 1200-1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 130^. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Girardus films G[irardi] de Furnival salutem. Noveritis 
me dedisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monachis de Kyrkestede, pro salute anime mee et uxoris 
mee Matildis et Ricardi et Willelmi de Luvetot et patris mei et 
matris mee et omnium antecessorum meorum et heredum, ad 
luminare missarum, medietatem molendini de Wdehus cum omni- 
bus pertinentiis et consuetudinibus que ad predictum molen- 
dinum pertinere solent, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam 
et quietam ab omni seculari servitio et exactione et auxilio, sicut 
elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et ego et heredes mei waran- 
tizabimus omnia predicta contra omnes homines in perpetuum. 
His testibus : Osmundo abbate et Theobado monacho de Rupe, 
Henrico priore et conventu de Wirkeh[ope], G[irardo] de Furnival 
patre meo, magistro Alano de Boles[ovre], Roberto de Summer- 
villa, Rogero del Hair, Thoma de Ranavilla, Rogero de Lanum, 
Thoma serviente. 

1297. Grant by Gerard de Furnival, with the consent of Matilda his 
wife, to the monks of Kirkstead, of an acre of land on the 
stream of Blackburn and the same stream bounding the said 
acre for a mill ; for which they remitted the debt of William 
de Luvetot, namely 59 marks, due to them, and agreed that 
they would not receive at the said mill (with their grist) any 

1 Pipe R., 2-3 Ric. I. 



24 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

of the donor's men, except the Serjeants of his demesne of 
Woolley who ought to grind there quit of multure. 1200- 
1218. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead ; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 131^. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Girardus 
films Girardi de Furneval salutem. Sciatis me per bonam volun- 
tatem Matildis uxoris mee concessisse et dedisse et hac mea 
carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Kirkestede et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam j acram terre super ductulum de Bacheburne, sicut 
mete facte sunt, et ipsum ductulum quantum se extendit predicta 
acra, ad faciendum molendinum et alia asiamenta et proficua que 
inde habere poterunt ; et liberos introitus et exitus prout viderint 
sibi expedire sicut de propria elemosina. Et hoc feci pro salute 
anime mee et uxoris mee et heredum meorum et animabus omnium 
antecessorum meorum. Et sciendum pro hac concessione quie- 
tum clamaverunt michi debitum Willelmi de Luvetot, scilicet 
lix marcas quas debebat eis, et ipsi monachi neminem hominum 
meorum recipient ad molendinum preterquam servientes domi- 
nici mei de Wluineleys qui ibi molere debent sine molitura. Et 
ego et heredes mei warantizabimus et acquietabimus hanc elemo- 
sinam contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Testibus : Simone 
de Campo Remigii, Eustacio fratre ejus, Jordano de Reinnevilla, 
Alexandro de Multona, Alexandro de Melelay, 1 Roberto clerico, 
Roberto [de] Darnal', Thoma filio ejus. 

129S. Confirmation by Matilda de Luvetot of the last-mentioned 
gift, and grant of free carriage of lead, iron, timber and leather 
throughout her land. 1218-^.1225. 

Chartul. of Kirkstead; Vesp. E. xviii, f. 136. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Matilda de Luvetoft, quondam uxor Girardi de Furnival', salutem. 
Noverit universitas vestra quod ego in viduitate mea et in ligia 
potestate corporis mei constituta, pro amore Dei et pro salute 
anime mee et Gyrardi de Furnival' domini mei et omnium ante- 
cessorum et successorum meorum, concessi et hac carta mea 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie et monachis de Kyrke- 
stede in puram et perpetuam elemosinam unam acram terre 
super ductulum de Backeburne, sicut mete facte sunt, et ipsum 
ductulum quantum se extendit ipsa acra, ad faciendum molendinum 
et alia asiamenta et proficua que inde habere poterunt, et liberos 
introitus et exitus prout viderint sibi expedire sicut de propria 
elemosina. Similiter concedo eis ut habeant liberum karriagium 
per totam terram meam de plumbo et ferro et meiremo et corio 
et omnibus rebus aliis ad se pertinentibus sine aliquo impedi- 

1 For"Methelay"(?). 



HALLAMSHIRE: BLACKBURN MILL 25 

mento. Concede etiam eis et confirmo predictis monachis omnes 
donationes tarn in terris quam in rebus aliis quas antecessores 
mei et quas dominus meus et vir meus quondam Gyrardus de 
Furnival' et alii libere tenentes de terra mea eisdem fecerunt, 
ut habeant et teneant omnia predicta cum suis pertinentiis libere 
et honorifice absque omni gravamine de me et heredibus meis 
imperpetuum, secundum tenorem cartarum quas inde habent 
de suis donatoribus. Hiis testibus : Radulfo de Eccheshal', 
Waltero de Haier, Rogero de Haier. 



XXIV. THE ALBEMARLE FEE IN HOLDERNESS 

1 299. Notitia of a grant by Odo, count (of Champagne), to the abbey 
of St. Mary, York, of the manor in Holderness called Hornsea 
with tithe offish. 1087-1095. 

Chartul. of St. Mary's, York (John Rylands Lib.), f. 275^ n. I. 

In primis habetur carta in predicto xl mo folio per quam Odo 
comes dedit abbathie Sancte Marie Eboracensis in Holdernes 
manerium quod vocatur Hornseie sicuti in manu sua tenuit cum 
decima omnium piscium suorum ubicunque capti fuerint sive in 
mari sive in dulci aqua. 

By another charter 1 count Stephen gave to the " monastery " of St. Mary, 
York, and the brethren there the church of " Hornseie "' and the whole 
manor. Still later William, earl of Albemarle, 8 granted that the abbot 
and monks of St. Mary's should hold in alms Horneseia and Thorp and 
whatever his grandfather and father had given them. 

The circumstances attendant upon the gift of Holderness to Odo, count 
of Champagne, after the forfeiture and flight of Drew de la Beuvrie're 
(1086-87) are fully recorded in the Chronica de Melsa* and need not be 
repeated here. Count Odo died after the date of the Lindsey Survey (1115- 
1118), where he appears as then holding lands in the wapentakes of Walsh- 
croft * and Yarborough, 5 which had formed part of the Domesday fee of 
the bishop of Bayeux. These lands afterwards formed part of the Albemarle 
fee of Holderness. At the second reference under Audby, a later inter- 
lineation in the MS. notes "De feodo comitis Albemerle pertinens ad 
Brustewich," indicating that this land became a member of the Holderness 
manor of Burstwick. There are in the same record many entries of the 
holding by Stephen of Albemarle, who is sometimes described there as 
Stephen, earl of Albemarle, of lands that had belonged to the Domesday 
fee of Drew de la Beuvriere, all of. which were held by his descendants as 
members of the Albemarle fee. From these facts it is clear that count Odo 
held part of the Albemarle fee in right of his wife Adeliza, sister of the 
Conqueror, and mother by the comte de Ponthieu of Adeliza, countess of 
Aumale ; and that Stephen, earl of Albemarle, son of count Odo, held 
other lands of the same fee, during his father's lifetime, as heir to his half- 
sister, the countess Adeliza.' 

Stephen had succeeded Adeliza, countess of Aumale, about 1090, and 
certainly not later than 1096,' thus becoming count of the Norman comte 
of Aumale, which had been elevated from the status of a " seigneurie " by 

1 Chartul., f. 275^, n. 2. * ib., n. 3. 

* op, cit. (Rolls Ser.), i, 89-90. See also Orderic, Hist. Eccl. (ed. Le Prevost), 
ii, 38-9. 

* Greenstreet, Lindsey Sur., n. 8 #., 16. 

* See Coll. Top. et Gen., vi, 265. 

T Stapleton, Norman Exchequer, ii, pp. xxix and xxxi n. 

26 



HOLDERNESS FEE: HORNSEA, PAULL 27 

William I after the death of his mother's first husband, Ingelram, count of 
Ponthieu and " Sire d'Aumale," in 1053. As Ingelram's relict she is styled 
in the Domesday Survey " Comitissa de Albamarle," and the extensive fief 
which she held in England was subsequently known as the "honor of 
Albemarle." After her death this descended to her son Stephen ; but it 
does not appear that his father, Odo, count of Champagne, was ever styled 
count of Aumale, although it is said that he held the city of Aumale by the 
gift of the archbishop of Rouen, whose standard-bearer he was, with a fee 
of 10 knights. 1 

Stephen, count of Aumale, and in England earl of Albemarle, married 
Hawise, daughter of Ralph de Mortemer, who is alleged to have given him 
in marriage with his daughter 3^ knights' fees in Barrow, co. Line., with 
the members. 2 This however is incorrect, for three manors in Barrow, and 
one each in Kettleby, Kirmington, Limber, and soc in Goxhill and Coates 
were surveyed under the land of Drew de la Beuvriere, the feudal predecessor 
of the earls of Albemarle. The only land held by Ralph de Mortemer in 
Lincolnshire at the Survey which passed to the fee of Albemarle was the 
manor of Thornton assessed at 8 carucates. It was held by Stephen of 
Albemarle at the date of the Lindsey Survey. 3 But, seeing that the fee of 
Mortemer in this county was more or less disintegrated within thirty years 
after the Survey, it is doubtful if even Thornton came by marriage. The 
statement that earl Stephen obtained Barrow and Thornton (Chorstori) from 
Ralph de Mortemer in marriage, recorded by Glover and repeated by Dug- 
dale in his Baronage and by recent writers, 4 seems to be derived from a 
" Hundred Roll" of the wapentake of Yarborough which has recently been 
printed in Lincolnshire Notes and Queries (vii, 28). 

William, earl of Albemarle, son and heir of earl Stephen, whom he suc- 
ceeded about 1127, distinguished himself at the battle of the Standard in 
1 138, and for his services was created by Stephen earl of York, 5 a title which 
Henry II refused to acknowledge. 



1300. Notitia of the gift by Arnulf (de Montgomery) to St. Martin of 
Sees and the brethren of Pembroke of ten pounds worth of 
tithes from Holderness, namely in the church of Paull 40*., 
in Preston 20.?., in Skeckling 20*., in the church of the castle 
(of Skipsea) 205., in (North) Frodingham 2os. (?), in Tunstall 
15*., in Withernsea in the two churches 45^., in Easington 30^., 
in Carlton icxr. and in the chapel where Roscelin sings los. 
1098-1102. 

Cartul. de la Basse Normandie, iii, 182. Abstr. in Round, Cal. of Docs,, 
France, n. 667 ; and Preface, xli. 

Hec sunt debita Sancti Martini Sagii et fratrum Panbroc de 
Heldrenesia : In ecclesia de Pagana xl. solidi, in Prestitonia xx. 
solidi, in Scachelingis xx. solidi, in ecclesia de Castello xx. solidi, 
in Frohingham iv. solidi, in Donestal xv. solidi, in Witfornesel in 
duabus ecclesiis xlv. solidi, in Essintona xxx. solidi, in Carlin- 

1 Chron. de Melsa, i, 89. 

* Line. Notes and Quer., vii, 28 ; where " Roger " is incorrectly given for " Ralph 
de Mortemer. 

3 Greenstreet, op. ctt., 15. 

4 Mr. A. S. Ellis in Yorks. Arch.Journ., iv, 218. 
8 Sym. of Durham, ii, 295. 



28 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

tona x. solid!, et in capella ubi Roscelinus cantat x. solidi. Et 
subscribitur confirmatio Arnulfi et signum ejus-f 

On 27 August, 1098, the grantor, son of earl Roger de Montgomery, 
gave to the brethren of St. Martin of Sees the church of St. Nicholas at 
Pembroke and 20 carucates of land, and promised that he would give other 
land of his, lying in England, sufficient to provide footgear for the brethren 
of the abbey. 1 This charter is followed in the Liber Albus, preserved among 
the episcopal archives at Sees, by the above notitia. In a confirmation of 
the gifts of earl Arnulf to Sees, issued by William, archbishop of Canter- 
bury, during the period 1125-1128, the primate testifies to having been told 
by the king at the council held at Westminster that earl Arnulf gave the 
churches of all his land in Wales and the tithes and 20 carucates of land 
and 10 pounds worth of tithes from the churches he held in England to the 
monks of St. Martin, Se"es ; that the king had confirmed the same to the 
brethren, some of whom dwelt at Pembroke, and he, the grantor, likewise 
confirms this. 8 

This document is of great interest, because it indicates that a consider- 
able part of the demesne of Holderness was granted by William II to 
Arnulf de Montgomery. This conjectural grant was doubtless the sequel 
of the revolt of 1095, when it was intended to dethrone Rufus in favour of 
Stephen of Albemarle. Odo, count of Champagne, was then deprived of his 
lands and sentenced to captivity. 3 For a brief period his land of Holder- 
ness seems to have been held by Arnulf until the forfeiture which he and 
all his house incurred in 1102.* During the tenure of Holderness by Arnulf 
it is probable that a feoffment of lands in Beeford and Donnington was 
made to the predecessor of Arnulf de Montbegon, who belonged to a family 
whose first representative in England was Roger de Montbegon, the chief 
vassal in Lincolnshire, 'twixt Ribble and Mersey, and in Lonsdale, of Roger 
of Poitou, the brother of Arnulf de Montgomery. 

1301. Writ of Henry I to Stephen (earl) of Albemarle, Robert his 
sewer, and his ministers of Holderness directing that Richard, 
abbot of York, shall hold Hornsea Mere as freely as count 
Odo gave it to the abbey of York, and as William II con- 
firmed it ; and prohibiting Geoffrey de Spiney or other persons 
from fishing there without licence. 1112-1122. 

Patent R., 20 Ric. II, pt. ii, m. 16. Pd. in Cal. Pat. K., 1396-1399, p. 75. 

Henricus rex Anglorum Stephano de Albamarla et Roberto 
dapifero suo et omnibus ministris suis de Holderlnessa salutem. 
Precipio quod Ricardus abbas de Everwic teneat ita libere 
maram de Horneseia sicut comes Odo dedit earn abbatie Eboraci 
et sicut Willelmus frater meus concessit. Et nullus ibi piscetur 
nisi concedente abbate et nominatim 5 Goiffridum de Spineto 
prohibeo piscari ibi. Et si aliquis quid reclamaverit inde, ante 
me veniat placitare ex quo ilium summonuero excepto ipso 
sponte ad proprium opus suum. Teste Nigel[lo] de Albini, apud 
Wodestocam. 

1 Round, Cal. of Docs., France, n. 666. * ib. t n. 670. 

8 Florence of Worcester, ii, 38-9. * Orderic, iv, 178. 

8 " nominatum " ; MS. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : HORNSEA, WASSAND 29 

1302. Acknowledgment by Everard de Ros that whereas Clement, 
abbot of St. Mary's, York, and the convent have of their kind- 
ness granted licence to him and his heirs to fish in their mere 
of Hornsea, whereby he has sometimes a boat on the mere 
and a lodge on the bank, neither he nor his heirs will hereafter 
claim any right in the said mere. c. 1135-^.1 150. 

Chartul. of St. Mary's, York (John Rylands Lib.), f. 352, n. 23. 

Omnibus has literas visuris et audituris Everardus de Ros 
salutem. Sciatis Clementem abbatem et conventum Sancte 
Marie Eboracensis ex mera benignitate sua dedisse michi licentiam 
piscandi in mara sua de Hornesse ita quod aliquando habui in 
eadem mara batellum meum et unam logiam super maram de 
assensu et concessu eorum ; et ne hoc beneficium illorum eis 
imposterum cedat in dampnum et ne aliquis heredum meorum 
occasione istius concessionis et licentie post decessum meum 
aliquod clamium vel jus in predicta mara vendicare possit pre- 
sentes literas eis in tutamen patentes feci, quibus sigillum meum 
in testimonium apposui. Testibus hiis, Petro de Faucomberge, 
Roberto de Beillac', 1 David lardenario, Gervasio constabulario, 
Ricardo de Watsand, Turgisio dispensatore, Willelmo de Elmes- 
well. 

1303. Grant by Geoffrey, abbot of St. Mary's, York, to Richard, son 

of Godive, in fee of i carucate of land in Wassand for n 
shillings yearly rent. 1122-^.1137. 

Chartul. of St. Mary's, York (John Rylands Lib.), f. 352, n. 22. 

Gosfridus abbas et totum capitulum monachorum Sancte 
Marie Eboracensis omnibus videntibus vel audientibus literas 
has salutem. Sciatis nos concessisse in pleno capitulo Ricardo 
filio Godive tenere de ecclesia nostra in feodo hereditabiliter unam 
carrucatam terre in Watsanda ita libere et quitement (sz'c) sicut 
nostri alii tenentes tenent qui libere tenent; et nos warantiza- 
bimus ei quamdiu poterimus warantizare nobis ipsis sine reddendo 
excambio si forte auferetur nobis eadem terra ; et ipse Ricardus 
adquietabit illam de consuetudinibus que communiter pertinent 
ad terras nostras, sicut omnes alii vavassores nostri faciunt qui 
libere deserviunt suas terras. Pro qua carrucata reddet Ricardus 
ecclesie nostre unoquoque anno undecim solidos, dimidium ad 
Pentecosten et dimidium ad festum Sancti Martini. Hoc con- 
cedimus predicto Ricardo quamdiu ipse vel heres ejus legitime 
tenebit erga ecclesiam nostram hanc conventionem. 

The carucate of land in Wassand was given to St. Mary's by Josceline, 
who is described in a deed of Robert, son of James de Watsand, made whilst 
John de Oketon was seneschal of Thomas, abbot of St. Mary's, as " Goce- 

1 Or " Boillac," perhaps for " Roilliaco." 



3O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

linus de Watsand," his predecessor. The carucate was held by Robert de 
Watsand, grandfather of Robert son of James, in the time of Robert de 
Longo Cainpo, abbot of St. Mary's, for 1 1 shillings yearly rent. 1 

1304. Confirmation by Stephen, count of Aumale, to the monks of 
St. Lucian of Beauvais of the gift to them made by Adeliza, 
his mother, of the church of St. Martin D'Acy, which his 
ancestors had erected outside the castle of Aumale, and all 
the rents belonging thereto, for the remission of his sins and 
those of William, king of the English, his uncle ; also gift of 
the churches and tithes which he holds in England of Henry, 
king of the English, namely of Paull, which he held in demesne, 
of Preston, Skeckling, Withernwick, Waghen, (North) Frod- 
ingham, of the castle (of Skipsea), Aldbrough, Mappleton, 
Tunstall, Easington, Burstall, Kilnsea, Keyingham, and 
Withernsea ; in Lincolnshire the church and tithe of Carlton 
(Scroope), tithe of Weelsby and half the church and tithe of 
Barrow (-on-Humber), also the other half, which William the 
chaplain holds for life, and one of the churches of Withernsea 
after William's decease ; also tithes of his demesne, a settler 
at the river Hedon, and free passage over Humber, besides 
other churches and possessions in Normandy. 1115. 

From the original, formerly in the chest of the abbey of Kirkstall in St. 
Mary's Tower, York ; Lansd. MS. 2070, f. 92 (old f. 152). Pd. in 
Man. Angl., vi, 1020, 1103. 

In nomine sancte et individue Trinitatis. Hoc notum sit 
tarn presentibus quam futuris quia ego Stephanus, Albemarlensis 
comes, monachis Sancti Luciani Belvacensis, quibus mater mea 
Adeliza donavit et concessit ecclesiam Sancti Martini de Alceio, 
constructam et edificatam ab antecessoribus meis extra castellum 
Albemarlie, sicut mater mea concessit, sic dono et concede eccle- 
siam Sancti Martini et omnes redditus ipsi ecclesie adjacentes, 
pro remissione peccatorum meorum et Willelmi regis Anglorum 
avunculi mei, atque omnium antecessorum meorum ; quibus etiam 
monachis preter hec supradicta addo et concede omnes ecclesias 
et decimas meas Anglic quas teneo a Henrico rege Anglorum, 
ita quietas et liberas et sine retentu ullo sicut de ipso rege teneo. 
Necnon et ipsi sacerdotes ita liberrime habeant et teneant a me 
ut neque dapifer neque vicecomes nee aliquis ministrorum meorum 
super eos manus imponant, si vero sacerdotes forisfecerimus ali- 
quid illo justificent. Has ecclesias et decimas, videlicet in Holder- 
nesa ecclesiam et decimam de Pagla quam in dominio habeo ; 
similiter et de Prestona et de Eschechilinga et de Wifornewic, 
de Wagla, de Frohingheham et de castello, de Aldeburgo et de 
Mapletona, de Donestal, de Esinctona, de Berestal, de Chinlesei, 
de Caingeham, de Wifornesel ; in Lindeseia ecclesiam et decimam 
de Carlentona et decimam de Wiuelesbi 2 et de Barowa dimidie- 
tatem ecclesie et decime, aliam vero dimidietatem quam Willelmus 

1 Chartul., f. 352, n. 21. 2 " Wilesbi " ; Lands. MS. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: CHURCHES 31 

capellanus tenet de me in vita sua et unam de ecclesiis de Wifor- 
nesell post obitum ejus ipsis monachis concede. Quinetiam omnes 
decimas dominicatus mei, videlicet horreorum meorum, id est 
totius annone mee et vaccarum mearum, oviumque omnium et 
baconum et caseorum, atque pullorum equarum mearum. Hec 
omnia supradicta ad utilitatem monachorurn in ecclesia Sancti 
Martini de Alceio morantium et servientium, ut libere disponant 
et ordinent, confero, etiam hospitem unum ad flumen Heldone 
dono. Quinetiam transitum de H umbra ad opus monachorum et 
omnium illis servientium et ad omnia necessaria eorum ita libere 
sicut a rege teneo. Omnes etiam ecclesias de feudo meo in 
Normania cum decimis et omnibus pertinentiis suis, ecclesiam 
videlicet de Vilers, ecclesiam de Landricurt, 1 ecclesiam Sancti 
Walarici, ecclesiam de Belfraisno, ecclesiam Sancti Saturnini, 
ecclesiam de Ailecurt, ecclesiam de Flamines, ecclesiam de Hillais, 
ecclesiam de Vilers ultra nemus, cum duabus partibus decime, 
nundinas quoque in festivitate Sancti Martini et quicquid utili- 
tatis de eis ex consuetudine provenerit. Addo etiam decimam 
molendinorum et furnorum et thelonei et traversi de Albemarle et 
decimam omnium que navis mea de Anglia attulerit que decimari 2 
possunt et decimam omnium piscium qui comeduntur in curia 
mea, sive in Albemarla sive ubicumque in hac patria. Decimam 
quoque in Blossavilla piscium, porcorum, baconum et lane de 
ovibus meis ; silvam etiam de Mufleres ad omnes usus necessaries 
jure perpetuo. Siquis autem hanc donationem meam infringere 
aut minuere voluerit, divino judicio ilium puniendum commendo. 
Actum est apud Albemarlam, regnante Henrico rege Anglorum 
et duce Normannorum et ipso concedente, uxore mea hac causa 
et filio meo concedentibus, anno millesimo centesimo decimo 
quinto ab incarnatione Domini. Hiis videlicet testibus, Waltero 
de Senardiponte, Gaufrido filio Fulconis, Willelmo Bisa, Beren- 
gario de Alneto, Radulfo de Porta, Gerardo de Caineio, Giraldo 
de Hornet, 3 Alano de Hambi, Willelmo de Albemarla, Richero 
fratre ejus clerico nostro, Roberto decano, Alberto canonico, 
Warnero clerico. 

The Yorkshire and Lincolnshire churches and tithes thus given to the 
Benedictine monks of St. Martin D'Acy, near Aumale, became the endow- 
ment of the alien priory afterwards established at the church of St. Helen 
in Burstall. The first ordination of this priory or cell bears date in the 
month of June, in the third year of the pontificate of Walter Gray, archbishop 
of York (1218), and shows that the abbot and convent had not previously 
possessed in the province of York a suitable place of habitation until, at 
the instance of the papal legate, archbishop Gray granted to them the 
chapel of Burstall with the great and small tithes of Skeffling to be retained 
for the use of the monks dwelling at Burstall, so that the chapel should be 
no longer subject to the church of Easington, but the prior should present 
a chaplain, removable at his will, to serve the parish of Burstall.* 

1 " Handricurt " ; Lands. MS. * " mandi " ; it. Qy. " Hornet." 

* Mon. AngL, vi, 10206; Poulson, tfolderness, ii, 503. 



32 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Whilst Thomas of Sees was prior of Burstall the monastery was seized 
by Richard II, who granted licence on 7 August, 1394, to the abbot and 
convent of St. Martin d'Aumale, in Normandy, in consideration of 1000 
marks, to alienate to the Cistercian abbot and convent of Kirkstall the 
manor or priory of Burstall and their possessions in Burstall, Skeffling, 
Kilnsea, Withernsea, Holmpton, Thorn, Rimswell, Waxholme, (North) 
Frodingham, Hollym, Aldbrough, Thorpe (in Welwick), East Newton, 
Ringborough, Bewick, Carlton, Etherdwick, Coldon, Paull, Marfleet, Holme 
Paull, Thorngumbald, Camerton, Skeckling, Ryhill, Bondburstwick, and 
Ridgmont, the advowson of the churches of Burstall, Paull, Skeckling, 
Kilnsea, Withernsea, Owthorne, and Aldbrough, and of the chapels of 
Marfleet, Thorngumbald, Hollym, Rimswell, (North) Frodingham, New- 
sham, Coldon, and Waxholme, with the vicarages of those churches and 
pensions of 20 from the abbot of Thornton, 4, us. from the abbot 
of Meaux, IDS. from the church of Holmpton, 2os. from the church of 
Coldon, and is. from the chapel of Nuttles. These were all held of the 
crown by a yearly farm of 210 marks, 1 and at the dissolution of the 
monastery of Kirkstall were included among the possessions of the abbey. 

The priory of Burstall, like the church of Owthorne, has long been over- 
whelmed by the sea. It probably stood by the Humber, not ;far from 
Winsetts, on what are now tidal flats called Skeffling Clays. 

There is an inaccurate copy of this charter in French, made in the I5th 
century, in the Bibliotheque Nationale, in Paris: Tr. 14553, ff. 1-4; and 
a I7th century copy in the MS. Clairambault 1059, ff. 235-236. The 
former text, omitting the final clause, which does not concern the lands in 
England, is as follows : 

Au nom de la saincte et indivisee Trinite, saichent tous presens et 
advenir que je Estienne de Albemarle, aux moynnes de Saint-Lucien de 
Beauvais auxquelz ma mere Adelize a donne et octroye 1'esglise de Saint 
Martin d'Alcei construicte et edifice par mes predecesseurs hors le chastel 
d' Albemarle ainsy que ma dicte mere 1'a concede, ainsy je le donne et 
concede avec toutes les revenues qui y appartiennent pour la remission de 
mes peches, de Guillaume roy d'Angleterre mon oncle et de tous mes 
predecesseurs. Ausquelz moynnes, oultre et pardessus les chouses dessusdites, 
je adjouste et leur donne mes esglises et dismes d'Angleterre, lesquelles 
je tiens de Henry roy d'Angleterre aussi franches et quittes et sans y riens 
retenir comme je les tiens d'icelluy roy ; semblablement les prebstres 
et ministres ilz tiendront franchement de moy en telle maniere que aucun 
escuier, viconte ne aultre de mes officiers ou ministres ne mettra la main 
sur eulx. Et s'il advient que iceulx forfacent aucunement, ilz en feront 
justice. Les esglises c'est assavoir en Heldernesse 1'esglise et disme de 
Page quej'ay en mon demaine, semblablement de Prestone et de Eserchilinge 
et de Wiformerint et de Wagle, de Trohingheham et de Castello et de 
Aldeburge et de Mapelerne et de Donestel, de Emsetone, de Chinleser, de 
Caningheham, de Wifornesel ; en Lindese 1'esglise et disme de Carlentone 
et la disme de Wibesbi, avec la moitie de 1'esglise et disme de Barlie, et 
1'autre moitie laquelle Guillaume Chappellain tient de moy, sa vie durant, 
et une des esglises de Wifornesel apres le deces d'icelluy, je donne a iceulx 
moynnes. Et pareillement toutes les dismes de mon duchie, c'est assavoir 
de mes greniers, c'est a dire de tous mes blefs, de mes vachez et aumailles, 
de mes fromaiges, poussins et de toutes mes jumens. Et toutes les choses 
dessus dites je donne demorans et servans a Dieu en 1'esglise Saint Martin 
de Alcei a ce que franchement ilz en disposent et ordonnent ; leur donne 
aussi ung hostel au fleuve de Heldone. Certainement aussi je leur donne 
le passage de Humbre pour 1'usage d'eux et de leurs servit urs et pour 
toutes leurs neccessites ainsy franchement comme je les tien^s du Roy, et 
semblablement toutes mes esglises de Normandie avec leurs appertenances. 
Fait a Albemarle en 1'an de 1'Incarnation Notre Seigneur mil cent et 

1 Cal. Pat. R., 1391-96, p. 585. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: FRODINGHAM 33 

quinze, regnant Henry roy d'Angleterre et due de Normandie et de son 
octroy. Et apres ma femme et mon filz pour celle mesme cause le conce- 
derent et octroyerent, presens pour tesmoings Geuffroy filz de Fulcon, 
Guillaume Bisa, Berengier de Alnet, Raoul de La Porte, Girard de' 
Camero, Gyrault de Hornet, Alain de Hambi, Guillaume de Albemarle et 
Richart son frere. Et les clercs estoient Robert doyen, Albert chanoine, 
Warner clerc. Et si aucun vouloit enfraindre ceste presente chartre et 
concession, nous le recommandons au divin jugement. Et aussi je y 
adjouste la disme de mes molins et fours et la disme de mon travers et 
passage de Albemarle, et se ma nef vient d'Angleterre je donne aux 
moynnes la disme de tout ce qu'elle apportera des chouses qui se puent 
manger. Je donne aussi la disme de tous les poissons qui sont mangez en 
ma court ou Aubmarle ou ailleurs en ce pays. Et donne et concede a 
1'usage des moynnes servans a Saint Martin la disme de la laine de mes 
ouailles et aussi leur donne leur usage perpetuellement en la forest de 
Moustiers tant pour edifier que pour bruler et aultres usaiges neccessaires. 
Et soil declare a tous presens et advenir que Nicolas doyen d' Aubmarle 
auroit donne en aulmosne perpetuelle a 1'esglise Saint Martin d'Acteren la 
disme et terre que par droit d errye il possidoit a Blisgermare du consente- 
ment de Raoul de la Porte de qui elle estoit tenue en fief et luy auroit 
icelluy don proffite pour certaine affirmation sur 1'autel d'icelluy saint. 
Presens a ce testifians et octroyans Estienne conte, Hadoiusa contesse avec 
leurs enffens, Guillaume, Ingans, Richart, Wibert, Ingebod pretres, Wa[r]ner 
chappellain, Albert maistre, Guillaume Bise, Albert escuier transchant, 
Geuffroy Chambrier, Estienne Chambrier, Geuffroy de Orreia. Lesquelles 
chouses faites Rossellin pour lors moynne et prieur de Saint Martin con- 
ceda a Nicolas la Compagnie d'icelluy lieu et la participation dudit benefice 
comme a ung des moynnes profes, et pour 1'augmentacion de sa procuracion 
luy donna la disme de Blisgermare sa vie durant, tant seulement par telle 
condition que apres son deceps elle retourneroit a 1'esglise, etc. . . . 

1305. Mandate by William, earl of York, to his ministers and others 
of Holderness, and especially to those of (North) Frodingham, 
to render to the hospital of St. Peter, York, a thrave from 
each of his ploughs. 1138-1154. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Nero D. iii, f. 59^. 

Guillelmus comes Eboracensis clericis et laicis et omnibus 
hominibus et ministris suis de Holdernessa salutem. Mando 
vobis et precipio quod fideliter, sicut Deum et me diligitis, de 
unaquaque caruca travam unam Deo et hospitali Sancti Petri 
pro salute animarum vestrarum reddatis; et precipio vobis 
ministris meis quatinus de unaquaque caruca mea travam quum 
videritis ministrum pauperum sine dilatione reddatis [ei]. Et si 
aliquis inimicus Christi illam pro Deo dare noluerit, vos justitia 
mea reddere faciatis; et precipue hoc precipio hominibus et 
ministris meis de Frodigham. Volo enim quod elemosina ilia in 
terra mea tempore meo crescat, quia frater et custos ejusdem 
domus Dei sum. Valete. 

William, earl of Albemarle, made no return of his fees of the old and 
new feoffment in 1 166, but in the account of the sheriff of York of the 
collection in 1 168 of the aid to marry the king's daughter under the title : 

" De feodis Baronum et Militum qui de Rege tenent in capite in 
baillia sua qui cartas de tenemento suo Regi non miserunt " 
20 marks were received from the fee of the earl of Albemarle. 1 

1 Pipe K. t 14 Hen. II, 90. 
Ill C 



34 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

In the Red Book of the Exchequer, after the enrolment of the carte of 
those barons who made a return, we read : " Comes de Albamare tenet 
in hoc comitatu [i.e. in Eboraciscira] feoda x militum." 1 Then follows a 
statement of the fees held by other barons who made no returns, the total 
of the knights' fees corresponding in each case with the number of marks 
paid by each in 1168 to the aid to marry the king's daughter. Why then 
did the earl of Albemarle pay 20 marks for 10 fees? The explanation 
appears to be that he held 10 fees in Holderness and 10 fees in Lincolnshire 
and elsewhere. 4 A feodary of Holderness made circa 1260 indicates that 
there were 280 carucates and bovate held for 5^ fees, a 4th and an 8th part 
of a fee, where 48 carucates made a knight's fee ; 104 carucates held for 
2 fees, each of 52 carucates ; and 23 carucates held for 2 fees ; or a total of 
94 fees, a 4th and an 8th part. 3 These figures probably included land given 
in" alms, because in 1284-5 there were said to be 7^ knights' fees in Holder- 
ness, held of the king in chief, in which there were 352 carucates and 
bovate.' 

Only a conjectural account of how these fees were held in 1166 is 
possible. The following particulars are suggested tentatively : 

Peter de Faucomberg i fee, Ingram de Monceaux i fee, Evrard 
de Ros i fee, Richard de St. Quintin i fee, Peter de -Gousle \ fee, 
Robert son of Erneis \ fee, Robert (?) de Gousle \ fee, William de 
Scures \ fee, Roger de Stutevill (holding of Adam de Brus or 
Roger de Flamvill) \ fee, Stephen the butler fee, Ulbert the 
constable J fee, Odo (or Hugh ?) de Fribois f fee, Ernald de 
Montbegon J fee, William de Otringham \ fee, Simon the constable 
of Preston J fee, Alan de Scrutevill J fee, Saher de Sutton fee, 
Alan de Spiney \ fee, Robert (?) de Wyeton \ fee, Matthew de 
Oustwic ]^ fee, William (?) de Wytic ^ fee, Alan (?) de Danethorpe 
^ fee, Gilbert (?) de Grimeston ^V ^ ee > John de Meaux j\ fee, 
Thomas (?) de Areines t V fee, Pain Blussel ^ fee, Ralph de 
Ulrome ^ fee, Geoffrey Brito (?) ^ fee, Morwan rotarius of 
Nuttles jf fee, Simon de Torne (?) ^ fee, Peter de Waghen ^ fee, 
Benedict the chamberlain ^ fee, Ingram de Mainers oV fee. 

Charters relating to the more important of these feudal tenements will 
be found in this series. In almost every case 48 carucates made the fee of 
one knight. 

1306. Notification by William, earl of York, to his sewer, sheriff, barons 
and ministers of his grant to the canons of Bridlington of the 
liberty of 3 carucates and 5 bovates of his fee, namely car. 
in Ottringham, 4 bov. in Sproatley, 6 bov. in Atwick, i car. 
in Skirlington, 4 bov. in Beeford, and 4 bov. in Boynton. 
This he did for repair of an injury which he had done to them. 
1147-1154, 

Chartul. of Bridlington, penes Sir W. Ingilby, bart., f. 2$gd. Abstr. in 
Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 342. 

Willelmus comes Ebor[acensis] dapifero suo et vicecomiti et 
omnibus baronibus suis et ministris Francis et Anglis salutem. 
Notum sit vobis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio confir- 
masse in perpetuam elemosinam ecclesie Sancte Marie de Brid- 

1 op. fit., i, 434- * Cf. RedBk., 87, 117. 

8 Kirktys Quest, 377. it., 74. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: OTTRINGHAM, PRESTON 35 

[lintona] et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus libertatem de tribus 
carucatis terre et quinque bovatis de feodo meo ; scilicet de tertia 
parte unius carucate terre in Otringham et de iiii. bovatis in 
Sprottelay et de vi. bovatis in Attingwyk et de una carucata in 
Skirlingtona et de iiii. bovatis terre in Beford et de iiii. bovatis 
in Bovingtona. Hanc libertatem concessi et dedi eis bene et 
honorifice tenendam de me et de heredibus meis sine omnibus 
consuetudinibus et servitiis secularibus, pro restauratione dampni 
quod feci eis. Quapropter volo et firmiter precipio quatinus illi 
homines mei de quibus predict! canonici tenent easdem tenuras 
sint quieti ab omnibus servitiis secularibus quantum pertinet ad 
easdem terras ipsi et heredes eprum in perpetuum. Hiis testibus, 
Elya monacho de Rotomago, Alano de Mouncels, Ingelramo de 
Mouncels, H[enrico] Filiot, Bernardo de Helwella, Matheo clerico, 
T[homa] clerico, Ingelramo falconario, W[illelmo] camerario, 
R[icardo] de Barvilla, Rogero de Lar'. 

This was a grant of liberty over lands given by others. The land in 
Ottringham was the gift of William the seneschal of Ottringham and 
Richard his brother with the church of Ottringham ; that in Sproatley of the 
gift of Ralph de Gosla with the church ; l that in Atwick of the gift of Evrard, 
son of Peter de Ros ; 2 that in Skirlington of the gift of Simon de Skirlington ; 3 
that in Beeford by another Ralph de Gosla ; and that in Boynton by Geoffrey 
Despenser, or Stephen, earl of Albemarle, with the church.* 

1307. Confirmation by William, earl of Albemarle, to the monks of 
St. Martin of Aumale of his own and his ancestors' gifts, 
namely various tithes in Holderness, the church of Paull, the 
church of Preston with the chapels of Hedon, the churches of 
Skeckling (with Burstwick), Burton Gamel (Pidsea), Withern- 
. wick, Waghen with the chapel of Sutton and tithe of Meaux, 
the churches of (North) Frodingham, (Skipsea) castle, Maple- 
ton, Aldbrough, Tunstall, St. Peter of Thorne, St. Mary of 
Withernsea with the chapel of Holmpton, the churches of 
Easington, Burstall, Kilnsea, and Keyingham ; with all tithes 
and chapels, a settler at the river at Hedon and the passage 
of Humber for the monks' use. ^.1160-1162. 

From an inspeximus by the abbot of St. Peter of Se"lincourt (Hugh II), 
made in 1287, of the charter of William, earl of Albemarle, then shown 
to him with seals unbroken ; Transcr. of the evidences of Sir William 
Constable, bart ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 52. 

Willelmus comes Albemarl[ie] universis sancte ecclesie filiis 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse in 
perpetuam et puram elemosinam monachis ecclesie Sancti Martini 
de Albemarl[ia] omnes donationes quas antecessores mei predicte 
ecclesie ab initio constructionis ejus devote fecerunt et quas ego 
ad honorem Dei et ad sustentationem inibi Deo servientium, pro 

1 ChartuL, 344. * # 3 12 - 

., 313. 4 . '82, 214. 



36 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

redemptione et salute animarum nostrarum, meis temporibus 
amplificando adjicere curavi. E quibus in presenti scripto quedam 
nominatim ad notitiam posterorum exprimi volui : Ipsam videlicet 
ecclesiam Sancti Martini in qua Domino serviunt et alias ecclesias 
Albemarlie cum decanatu et schol[a] et omnibus aliis pertinentiis 
suis. Et quia a predecessoribus meis ita constitutum est et sub 
anathemate prohibitum ne aliter presumatur, volo et concede ut 
presbiter qui in capella castelli per monachos assidue cantabit, 
omnes offerendas domini et familie ejus ad usus monachorum 
percipiat et victum de mensa domini habeat. Concedo etiam eis 
omnes decimas dominicatus mei, scilicet horreorum, vaccarum, 
ovium, porcorum, baconum, caseorum, decimam census domorum 
et hortorum et totius oppidi de Albemarlia et traversi et theolonii 
molendinorum [et] furnonum et decimam ovium, piscium et cibari- 
orum mense mee, preter carnium recentium, et decimam omnium 
que navis mea de Anglia attulerit que mandi possunt, et decimam 
quoque dupliciter de culturis meis quicumque eas excoluerit, duos 
molendinos in Alcaic, duas culturas terre ecclesie Sancte Marie 
contiguas, culturam unam versus monasterium Sancte Marie 
ultra villam et secus amnem et unum curtulium cum hospitibus 
tribus, hospites etiam qui sunt foris portum juxta vel supra 
superiorem viam, dimidium ruris quod Bertani Maisnill dicitur, 
nundinas quoque in festivitate Sancti Martini liberas et quietas 
qualibet die Veneris l evenerit, monachis accipientibus quicquid 
de consuetudine theolonii vel alterius redditus inde provenerit, 
cessante etiam mercato abbatis si ea die evenerit, silvam de 
Monfloeres ad quoslibet usus necessaries, ecclesiam de Vilers, 
ecclesiam de Handricurt et eleemosynam Roberti filii Ade de 
Warlins, et dimidiam partem decime de Quireres, ecclesiam 
Sancti Walarici, ecclesiam de Belfraisne, ecclesiam Sancti Satur- 
nini, ecclesiam de Ailcurt, ecclesiam de Flammes cum omnibus 
pertinentiis, ecclesiam de Illeis, ecclesiam de Vilers ultra nemus 
cum duabus partibus decime, de Pulteriis duas partes decime, 
decimam quoque de Blossavilla piscium, porcorum et baconum, et 
decimam lane de ovibus meis, decimas etiam ovium, piscium qui 
comeduntur in curia mea sive in Albemarlia sive ubicumque in hac 
patria. Hec in Normannia sunt. In Anglia vero omnes decimas 
dominicatus mei, scilicet horreorum, vaccarum, ovium, porcorum, 
baconum, caseorum et pullorum equarum mearum ubicumque 
fuerint in Heoldernessa, ecclesiam de Plaga, 2 cum appendiciis suis, 
ecclesiam de Prestona cum capellis de Heldona et aliis appen- 
diciis suis, ecclesiam de Eschichilinga, ecclesiam de Burtona 
Gameli, ecclesiam de Wifornwic, ecclesiam de Wagh[en]a cum 
capella de Suttona et tola decima de Melsa, ecclesiam de 
Froingheham, ecclesiam de castello, 3 ecclesiam de Mapeltona cum 

1 " Veneris " interlined. 2 Rectius " Pagla." * Skipse, in margin. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : AUMALE 



37 



appendiciis suis, ecclesiam de Aldaburga' cum appendiciis suis, 
ecclesiam de Donestall, ecclesiam Sancti Petri de Torna, ecclesiam 
Sancte Marie de Wifornsell cum capella de Holmetona et aliis 
appendiciis suis, ecclesiam de Easintona, ecclesiam de Bristall, 
ecclesiam de Chinlesei, ecclesiam de Cainghelam, et decimas et 
capellas predictis ecclesiis adjacentes, hospitem unum ad flumen 
Heddone, quinetiam transitum Humbri ad opus monachorum et 
omnium illis servientium et ad omnia necessaria eorum ita libere 
et quiete sicut a rege teneo. In Lindeseia ecclesiam de Barow et 
decimam dominii de Wilesbi, ecclesiam de Grossebi et decimam 
dominii de Audelbi, ecclesiam de Curlentona, ecclesiam de Bitam 
cum omnibus appendiciis suis. In episcopatu Norwicensi ecclesiam 
de Belesteda et manerium ejusdem ville et terrain de Fierlandia et 
quecumque ad manerium pertinent, ita libere et quiete et absque 
calumpnia possidenda sicut pater meus tempore Henrici regis 
quietius et liberius tenuit ; ecclesiam de Anfletum et decimam de 
Cardacra, ecclesiam de Harchedreda et decimam dominii de 
Dopestona. Omnes etiam ecclesias et decimas et terras vel quas- 
cunque alias donationes quas homines mei hucusque fecerint vel 
in futurum rationabiliter facturi sunt predicte ecclesie concede 
atque confirmo hec omnia cum pertinentiis suis. Volo atque pre- 
cipio ut ipsi monachi firmiter et inconcusse ea teneant libertate 
qua pater meus et antecessores mei ante me unquam liberius 
tenuerunt; et ut nullus dapifer vel vicecomes vel alius aliquis 
ministrorum meorum manum mittat in clericos seu laicos eorum 
neque in quaslibet res que de eorum jure fuerint. Actum est in 
capitulo Sancti Martini apud Albemarl[iam] in presentia subscrip- 
torum testium : Fulconis abbatis Albemarlie, Stephani abbatis 
Fulcardimontis, Bartramii cellararii ejus, Roberti decani, Eustachii 
presbiteri, Roberti constabularii, Henrici Folyot, Willelmi de 
Heolan, Willelmi clerici, Willelmi supprioris Albemarlie, et mona- 
chorum Johannis, Helie, Hugonis, Roberti, Bald[uini], Milardi, 
Willelmi, Gaufridi, Osberti, et aliorum. 

On 7 March, 1287, Hugh, abbot of St. Peter's, Selincourt, inspected and 
exemplified the sealed charter of William, earl of Albemarle, as above. A 
certified copy of the exemplification, then preserved among the king's 
evidences at the Tower of St. Mary by the walls of the city of York, was 
made by Thomas Sandwith, and again by Edward Beesley, gent., some- 
time keepers of the records. 

The Add. MS. 26736 also furnishes a survey of the lands of the abbot 
and convent of Aumale, commencing : 

In the town of Paull (Pagula) the abbot and convent have the 
church of St. Mary the Virgin in proprios usus with the chapel 
of St. Giles at Marfleet and the chapel of St. Mary the Virgin at 
Thorne, etc. 

1308. Notification by William, earl of Albemarle, to Roger archbishop 
of York, Robert, dean, and the chapter of York of his gift 
to St. Mary Magdalene and the (hospital of) lepers at Newton 



38 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

(Garth), between Hedon and Paull, of (the town of) Newton 
(Garth), except the intake called Ulegreines, belonging to 
Burstwick, and South Mareis, with the stock of 500 sheep, the 
24 oxen of 3 ploughs, 6 bulls, 12 cows, 20 swine, 100 hens 
and 60 geese ; also the mill of Preston of 5 marks rent with 
any future increase, the market of St. Mary Magdalene as 
confirmed by royal charter, and 3^. of rent in Hedon ; for the 
souls of Henry I, who reared the donor, Matilda the empress, 
his daughter, and Geoffrey, count of Anjou, and for the health 
of Henry II and Henry his son, and to provide food and 
clothing for 2 priests, 2 clerks, 30 lepers and their ministers ; 
and appointment of the archbishop, dean and chapter to con- 
trol the hospital and appoint priests to serve there. 1170- 

H75- 

Reg. Mag. Album, pt. i, f. 6yd. 1 

Rogero Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo et apostolice 
sedis legato et Roberto decano et toti capitulo Eboracensis eccle- 
sie et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Willelmus comes Albe- 
[marlie] salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse et 
dedisse Deo et Sancte Marie Magdalene et leprosis apud Neutoniam 
manentibus, que est inter Heddunam et Paglam, ipsam Neutuniam 
totam cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et hiis exceptis, quodam 
ovenam quod quondam pertinebat ad Brustwic nomine Ulegreines, 
et Suthmareis, cum instauramento quingentarum ovium et trium 
carucarum xxiiii. bourn et vi. taurorum et xii. vaccarum et xx. 
porcorum et centum gallinarum et Ix. anserum. Preterea eis 
dedi et presenti carta confirmavi molendinum de Prestuna quod 
quinque marcas reddit ; cujus firma si augeri poterit similiter 
eorum erit ; nundinas etiam Sancte Marie Magdalene regio scripto 
confirmatas et iii. solidos redditus in Hedduna. Hec igitur omnia 
predicta concessi et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi sicut pre- 
dictum est, pro anima Henrici regis Anglorum qui me nutrivit et 
pro anima Matildis imperatricis filie sue et pro anima Gaufridi 
comitis Andegav[orum] et pro salute Henrici regis Anglorum et 
Henrici regis filii sui et heredum suorum et pro animabus patris 
et matris mee et antecessorum meorum et fratrum et sororum 
mearum et pro salute anime mee et meorum, in liberam et puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. Super hoc statuens consideratione 
prudentum virorum ut de predictis sacerdotes duo et duo clerici 
et xx.' leprosi, ministri eorum xxiii. habeant victui et vestitui 
annuatim necessaria imperpetuum. Providens autem ne per suc- 
cessores meos predicta elemosina in aliquo minuatur vel a predicto 
statu removeatur, predictam elemosinam cum predictis fratribus 
archiepiscopo Eboracensi et decano et capitulo Sancti Petri com- 
misi disponendam, ita quod inde nichil percipient; decedentibus 
vero presbiteris qui predicte deserviunt elemosine, communicato 
1 There is an imperfect transcr. in Dodsw. MS. cxxv, f. 82. * So in MS. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: NEWTON, NUN COTON 39 

consilio et consensu predicti archiepiscopi et predict! decani et 
capituli, prout elegerint alii loco eorum substituentur, quibus pre- 
dicte domus tota committetur dispositio, sic quod in predictis 
predictus archiepiscopus sine predicti decani et capituli assensu 
nichil statuet, nee predictus decanus et capitulum sine archiepiscopi 
predicti consensu ; hoc autem diligenter observato nee predictorum 
xxx. 1 leprosorum numerus minuatur vel augeatur nee sacerdotum. 
Hiis testibus : Philippo abbate de Torint[ona], Philippo de Melsa, 
Gileberto de Sepplingham, magistro Roberto de Swyna, Gregorio 
priore de Brelintfona], Willelmo priore de Helesham, Helia [de] 
Amundevill, Petro de Falcumb[erg], Roberto const[abulario], 
Willelmo fratre ejus, Engelram de Muncels, Simone de Torne, 
Hugone de Fribose, Amando pinc[erna], Adam comfite], Willelmo 
de Otringham, Roberto de ragla, Engelb[erto] de Meiners, Petro 
de Melsa, et Johanne de Melsa, apud Hedunam. 

The hospital of St. Mary Magdalene stood at or near Newton Garth, 
between Paull and Hedon. In 1301 it was described as the hospital of 
Newton by Over Paull (Overpaghele) in Holderness.* The editors of the 
Monasticon Anglicanum (1830) cite a document relating to this hospital 
twice over, 3 as if there were two hospitals of the same name. 

1 309. Grant by William, earl of Albemarle, to the nuns of (Nun) Coton 
of a toft of half an acre upon the intake of Paull with the 
tenant of that toft, for the soul of Henry I, who brought up 
the grantor, and for the health of the soul of Henry II and 
further grant that the ships belonging to the nuns shall ply to 
his haven of Paull and Hedon, and sail therefrom, quit of all 
custom and demand. 1154-1179. 

Chartul. of Nun Colon ; Bodl. Lib., MS. Top. Line., d. I, f. 18. 
[GJuillelmus comes Albemarle . . . universis sancte matris ec- 
clesie filiis tam presentibus quam futuris salutem. Noverit univer- 
sitas vestra me concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse 
Deo et ecclesie Beate Marie de Cotum et monialibus ibidem Deo 
servientibus quoddam toftum dimidie acre terre super avenam de 
Pagela, illud scilicet quod Gerardus tenet, et ipsum Gerardum 
insimul cum tofto, in perpetuam elemosinam pro anima Henrici 
regis Anglorum, qui me nutrivit, et pro animabus patris et matris 
mee et omnium antecessorum ac successorum meorum, et pro 
salute corporis et anime Henrici regis Anglorum domini mei et pro 
salute mea et meorum; tenendum de me et heredibus meis in 
liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Concede etiam et 
do predictis monialibus in perpetuam elemosinam ut proprie 
naves sue in havenam meam de Pagela et de Hedune libere ap- 
plicent et recedant et quiete ab omni seculari exactione et con- 
suetudine. Hanc donationem pro salute anime mee et omnium 

1 So in MS. * Col. Chart. R., 1300-26, p. 7. 

8 op. cit., vi, 730 and 747. 



40 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

antecessorum et successorum meorum ego et heredes mei ad 
opus monialium predictarum warantizabimus in perpetuum. Hiis 
testibus : Roberto constabulario, Willelmo de Otringham dapi- 
fero, Henrico de Mainil, et multis aliis. 

Hedon Haven is the name of the stream which enters the Humber a 
mile to the north of Paull. The toft in Paull given to the nuns was prob- 
ably intended for the convenience of the seamen who navigated the vessels 
belonging to the nuns between the Lincolnshire coast and Holderness. 
William de Otringham, the earl's steward, may be identified as William, 
son of Richard de Otringham, the donor to Nun Cotun of a toft in Killing- 
holm, 1 co. Line., and of rents there and in Hackthorn, and brother of Agnes 
de Otringham, who was the mother of John de Lasceles of Killingholm. 
Before 1195 Agnes de Ottringham had married Martin Martel. 2 

In 1 200 a day was given to the then earl of Albemarle on the morrow of 
the close of Easter to hear a recognition touching the haven of Paull 
(Pagule). The sheriff was to cause the visors, who were not to be the 
earl's men, to come before the king (to make their view). 3 

1310. Confirmation by William de Mandeville, earl of Essex, to the 
canons of Bridlington of all that William, earl of Albemarle, 
gave or confirmed, namely the church of Boynton, the church 
of Sproatley with 5 bovates belonging to it, 4 bovates in Gox- 
hill, the liberty of 3 car. and 5 bov. (as in the charter, n. 1306), 
pasture in Hayburn for a vaccary of 50 cows, 30 mares and 
oxen in summer, and 30$. rent from Robert de Ulram. 
1179-1189. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 259^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 342. 
Willelmus de Magnavilla comes Estsexe omnibus hominibus 
suis Francis et Anglis salutem. Notum sit vobis me concessisse 
et presentis carte testimonio confirmasse ecclesie Sancte Marie 
de Bridelingt[ona] et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus omnes 
donationes et concessiones Willelmi comitis Albemarlie quas 
dedit vel concessit eidem ecclesie ; scilicet ecclesiam de Boving- 
tona cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, ecclesiam de Sprotlay et v. 
bovatas terre ad eandem ecclesiam pertinentes, iiii. bovatas in 
Gousla ; item libertatem de tribus carucatis terre et quinque 
bovatis, scilicet de tertia parte unius carucate in Otringham et 
de iiii. bovatis in Sprotlay et de sex bovatis in Attingwyk, et de 
una carucata in Skirlingtona et de iiii. bovatis in Biford et de iiii. 
bovatis in Bovingtona ; item pasturam in Hayburn' ad vaccariam 
quinquaginta vaccarum cum secuta earum et ad xxx. equas cum 
secuta earum, et pasturam bourn ipsius ecclesie in estate ; item 
xxx. solidos annuatim reddendos a Roberto de Ulram et heredi- 
bus ejus in perpetuum. Hec omnia concessi et confirmavi pre- 
dicte ecclesie in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, tenenda de me 
et de heredibus meis. Hiis testibus, T[homa] abbate de Thoren- 
tona, Hugone capellano, Roberto constabulario, W[illelmo] dapi- 

1 Man. AngL, v, 6j6t> ; see a subsequent charter. 

1 Line. Fines, 4. s R. Cur. Reg. t i, 163. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: BOYNTON, HOLME 41 

fero, Radulfo de Nova Villa, G[ilberto] Carbunel, R[icardo] de 
Otringham, Roberto Wacelyn, R[oberto] de Moncel[lis], Wiscardo 
Laidet, Simone de Skefling, Willelmo Talun. 

1311. Grant by William de Mandeville, earl of Essex, to Walter the 
chamberlain of 20 acres of land in Holme(-on-the- Wolds ?), 
to hold by knight's service belonging to the 3rd part of half 
a carucate, whereof 48 carucates make a knight's fee. 1179- 
1189. 

From the evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. : Add. MS. 26736, 
f. 82cf. 

W[illelmus] de Mand[evilla] comes Essex' omnibus hominibus 
suis et amicis, Francis et Anglis, presentibus et futuris, salutem. 
Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse 
Waltero camerario et heredibus suis tenendum de me et heredibus 
meis xx. acras terre in Holm desuper montem et toftos et clausa 
tanto servitio feodi militis quantum pertinet ad tertiam partem 
dimidie carucate terre unde iquadraginta et octo carucate terre 
faciunt feodum militis. Testibus istis : Simone de Bellocampo, 
Willelmo de Otringham, Drogone filio Radulfi, Waltero de Cam- 
bron, Ricardo de Grenhill, Roberto de Ulrum, Engelram de 
Muncell[is], Roberto filio Ernisii, Simone de Crevequer, Wis- 
c[ardo] Leidet, Roberto filio Simonis, Johanne de Lamborn, Wil- 
lelmo de Hairom, Roberto const[abulario], Roberto Bernario, 
Gilberto de Scirlington, Petro de Rokell, 1 Arg' de Rohing, Luca 
pincerna, Hugone filio Ben[edicti], Benedicto de Ostwich. 

The seal shattered. 

1312. Notitia of gifts confirmed to the canons of St. Mary of Thorn- 
ton, co. Line., by Richard I. 1190. 

Charter R., 29 Edw. I, m. 7. Pd. in Mon. Angl., vi, 326^, n. 2. 
Ricardus Dei gratia rex Anglorum. . . . Sciatis quod nos 
concedimus et carta nostra presenti confirmamus, pro salute et 
stabilitate regni nostri et pro anima patris nostri regis Henrici, 
omnes donationes que rationabiliter date sunt abbathie Sancte 
Marie de Thorntona et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, tenen- 
das in perpetuam elemosinam, et nominatim illam donationem 
quam Willelmus comes Albe Marie fecit Deo et canonicis predicte 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Thorntona, scilicet {inter alia] decima- 
tionem omnium molendinorum suorum in Anglia et redecima- 
tionem omnium casiorum suorum ubicumque fiant in Anglia ; 
transitum Humbre apud Paglam et Twyngreyn sibi et hominibus 
suis et omnibus rebus suis sine naulo, . . . unam toftam imHedon, 
juxta pontem videlicet, 2 villam de Helewell cum omnibus pertin- 

1 John de la Rochele attested a charter of the earl to Rievaulx ; CharluL, n. 165. 

2 " vicecomitis " ; Exchequer Transcripts of Charters, n. 4. 



42 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

entiis suis ; in Mapelton unam carucatam terre cum pertinentiis ; 
unam carucatam terre in Kilnesea ; totum feodum Pagani Blussell 
in Cuningeston ; de Sancto Luciano de Belvaco ecclesiam de 
Thornton ; ex dono Willelmi de Scures villam de Humbelton 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et ecclesiam ejusdem ville, et 
ecclesiam de Aclum cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et tresdecim 
bovatas terre et unam perticam in Flinton; et septem solidatos 
redditus in eadem villa de Herberto filio Elwini ; ex dono Simonis 
de Merc medietatem ville de Warham cum dominico mesuagio ; 
ex dono Hanelaci de Bydon ecclesiam de Garton cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis ; ex dono Mauricii in Garton j toftam et ij bovatas 
terre; ex dono Petri de Falkenburga in Wythornwyk unam 
carucatam cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et redditum quinque 
solidorum in Hedon et quinque solidos in molendino de Barewe ; 
ex dono Ernulphi de Monte Begonis 1 in Dodinton dimidiam caru- 
catam terre et ecclesiam de Byfort ; ex dono Ade de Brus ecclesias 
de Levinton et Jarum et Scelton ; ex dono Engellranni de Mainers 
unam bovatam terre in Sceftling ; ex dono Roberti constabularii 
j bovatam terre in Halsham et duorum solidorum redditus in eadem 
villa et iij solidos redditus in Erneburgh Burton ; ex dono Bene- 
dicti camerarii tres bovatas terre et j toftam in Preston cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis ; ex dono Ade camerarii iij mansuras in 
Hedon ; ex dono Bernardi de Hellewell unam toftam in Hedon ; 
ex dono Willelmi pincerne dimidiam tenuram suam in Neweton ; 
ex dono Amandi pincerne xij denariorum redditum in Ausewic ; 2 
. . . terram de Faxflete inter fossatum quod ipsi canonici fecerunt 
et inter rectas divisas vicinorum suorum de Faxflete ab Usa 
usque ad nemus, sicut carta Hugonis Dunelmensis episcopi 
testatur ; ex dono Asketini de Huk quandam turbariam in Inkel- 
mora, habentem in latitudine xx perticas et in longitudine quantum 
ipsa mora extenditur, et j toftam in Swyneflete ; . . . ex dono 
Adelicie de Calz in Beverlaco j mansuram ; ex dono Willelmi de 
Haschelthorp iij solidos in Haschelthorp ; ex dono Godefridi de 
Harpham redditum xij denariorum ; ... ex dono Alfnoth insti- 
toris in Lincolnia j mansuram, in Eboraco ij terras v solidorum ; 
... ex dono Sezilie in Suthburton juxta Beverlacum j bovatam 
terre et j toftam cum omnibus pertinentiis ; ... ex dono Morvanni 
rotarii in Nuttele redditum duorum solidorum ; . . . Quare volu- 
mus . . . Testibus: Waltero Rotomagensi archiepiscopo, G[au- 
frido] Eboracensi electo, H[uberto] Saresbiriensi episcopo, apud 
Verzeliacum, tertia die Julii, anno primo regni nostri etc. 

The details of the alms given in co. Lincoln have been omitted. As 
very few of the charters, conferring upon the canons of Thornton lands and 
churches in co. York, have been preserved, this confirmation possesses 
much value. 

1 " Geboa" ; MS. " Anfewic" ; M.A. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: THORNTON, HEDON 43 

1313. Grant by William, earl of York, to the hospital of St. Peter, 
York, of a toft in Hedon, and a mark from his toll in that 
town to be paid yearly by his sheriff at Michaelmas in York. 
1138-1142. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. i84. 1 
Guillelmus comes Eboracensis archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
decano et toti capitulo Sancti Petri et dapifero et vicecomiti suo 
omnibusque baronibus suis Francis et Anglis et omnibus ministris 
et hominibus suis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse in 
elemosinam in perpetuum fratribus hospitalis Sancti Petri unum 
toftum in Haduna, quietum et liberum ab omnibus geldis et 
auxiliis et omnibus consuetudinibus et servitiis, cum omni libertate 
et consuetudine quas habet hospitale Sancti Petri ; et unam mar- 
cam argenti uno[quo]que anno de theloneo meo reddendam in 
eadem villa ; pro remissione peccatorum meorum et pro animabus 
patris et matris mee et omnium antecessorum meorum. Quare 
volo et firmiter precipio vicecomiti meo, quicumque vicecomitatum 
teneat, quod annuatim, omni occasione postposita, sicut me timet 
et diligit, ad festum Sancti Michaelis illam marcam reddat apud 
Eboracum. Testibus : Guillelmo decano et Radulfo de Sancta 
Columba et Thoma Sothewama, Varnero capellano, Ricardo de 
Curci, Helia de Mundevilla et Radulfo fratre suo, Ricardo de 
Otringeham, Stephano pincerna, Girardo de Fanacuria, Alano 
de Muncellis. 

The witnesses are noteworthy, including William de St. Barbe, dean of 
York (1135-1143); Ralph de St. Columba, who attested a few years later 
a composition made between the prior and archdeacon of Durham ; J 
Thomas Sothwame, canon of York ; Warner, a chaplain of the earl of 
Albemarle ; Richard de Curcy, one of the leaders at the battle of the 
Standard (1138), who was taken prisoner at the battle of Lincoln, 3 and was 
probably a brother of Robert de Curcy and guardian of his lands in York- 
shire ; Ellis de Amundevill and Ralph his brother, tenants of the count in 
Barrow * and Carlton, co. Line. ; Richard, perhaps son of Walo, and the earl's 
tenant in Ottringham, Seaton and Coniston ; Stephen the butler, tenant in 
Hilston, Owstwick, etc. ; Gerard de Fanencurt, possibly tenant of the arch- 
bishop at Burnby, near Pocklington ; Alan de Monceaux, tenant of 
Barmston, Lisset and Winkton under the earl, and in 1115-18 of Cuxwold, 
co. Line., under the archbishop of York. 5 

William, son of William des Forz, earl of Albemarle, confirmed this gift 
and granted to the men of the hospital and their five tenants of this toft in 
Hedon, being merchants carrying on trade or any craft, acquittance of tolls, 
stallage and other customs in Hedon, besides other privileges. 6 

1314. Notification; by William, earl of Albemarle, to the archbishop 
and others of his gift to the hospital of St. Peter, York, at the 
prayer of master Robert, of a toft of one acre in Hedon for 

1 Also Charter R., 22 Edw. I. ; see Cal. Chart. R., 1257-1300, p. 440. 

2 Feod. Priorat. Dunelm., p. Ixiii. 8 Sym. of Dur., ii, 294, 308. 

* Man. Angl., vi, 327. Greenstreet, Lindsey Sur., 12. 

Cal. Chart. X., 1257-1300, p. 440. 



44 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

housing their grain, and other alms for the use of the sick of 
the hospital, and that their men dwelling there shall be quit of 
all customs and shall have free entry with boats, carts and 
wains with his full protection, and further gift of a mark yearly 
from his toll of Hedon to be delivered to them by his sheriff 
at York each year at Michaelmas. 1138-1142. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 184 ; also Charter 
R., 22 Edw. I. Abstr. in Cal. Chart. R., ii, 440. 

Gwillelmus comes Albemarlie archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
decano et toti capitulo Sancti Petri et dapi[fe]ro suo et vicecomiti 
omnibusque baronibus suis Francis et Anglis et omnibus ministris 
suis et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam imperpetuum, [pro] amore Dei et 
exoratu magistri Roberti, Deo et fratribus hospitalis Sancti Petri 
Eboracensis unum toftum unius acre in Hedona ad colligendam 
ibi bladum suum et alias elemosinas ad opus infirmorum predicti 
hospitalis, et hominibus suis ibi manentibus et elemosinam suam 
colligentibus ; et ut ipsi et homines sui ibi manentes sint liberi, 
quieti et immunes ab omnibus geldis et auxiliis et ab omnibus 
consuetudinibus et servitiis et exactionibus, cum omni libertate 
et consuetudine quam habet hospitale Sancti Petri ; et liberum 
introitum et exitum sibi et omnibus suis et navibus et bigis et 
quadrigis suis. Quare volo et firmiter precipio ut ipsi et homines 
sui in eadem terra manentes et conversantes habeant meam 
firmam pacem per totam terram meam, et ne quis ministorum 
meorum in terram illam invasionem facial ad namium capiendum 
vel contumeliam faciendam, neque aliquis illos injuste calumpniet 
vel implacitet super forisfacturam meam. Preterea vero scien- 
dum est me similiter dedisse et concessisse eidem hospitali unam 
marcam argenti redditus de meo theloneo de eadem villa, pro 
remissione peccatorum meorum et pro animabus patris mei et 
matris mee et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum. 
Quare volo et firmiter precipio vicecomiti meo, quicumque vice- 
comitatum teneat, quod annuatim, omni occasione remota, sicut 
me timet et diligit, ad festum Sancti Michaelis illam marcam 
reddat eis apud Eboracum. Teste Gwillelmo decano et Radulfo 
de Sancta Columba et Thoma Sotwama, Gwarnero capellano, 
Ricardo de Curci, Helia de Munda villa et Radulfo fratre suo, 
Ricardo de Otringham, Stephano pincerna, Gerardo de Fana- 
curia, Alano de Muncellis. 

1315. Grant by Adam, abbot of Meaux, and the chapter to Robert, 
son of Benedict the chamberlain, and Sapientia his wife, 
daughter and heir of Halfdene Long, of the messuage and 
buildings in the town of Hedon which William, earl of Albe- 
marle, gave to the church of Meaux, and which was acknow- 



HOLDERNESS FEE: HEDON 



45 



ledged to have belonged to Halfdene Long ; and where the 
monks, in going and returning (from Salthagh), may have 
ready lodging, as formerly provided by the earl's gift. 1150- 
ii 60. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 122. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tam presentibus quam 
futuris frater Adam abbas dictus et capitulum ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Melsa salutem et perpetuam in Domino felicitatem. 
Notum sit universitati vestre W[illelmum] comitem Albem[arlie] 
dedisse Deo et Sancte Marie et ecclesie nostre in perpetuam ele- 
mosinam mansuram quamdam in villa Edune que Halfdene Longi 
fuisse dinoscitur simul cum edificiis in eadem mansura constructs, 
ut in eundo et redeundo fratres nostri ibi promptum habeant 
hospitium. 1 Hanc predictam mansuram simul cum suprascriptis 
edificiis concedimus Roberto filio Benedict! camerarii et Sapientie 
uxori sue, filie predicti Halfdene, cui jure hereditario predicta suc- 
cessisse dinoscuntur, et presenti scripto confirmamus quatinus ea 
in feodo et hereditate habeant et bene et in pace de ecclesia nos- 
tra ipsi et eorum justi successores teneant, quatinus hospitium nos- 
trum congrue et honorifice ad opus fratrum nostrorum euntium 
et redeuntium servietur. 2 Hinc igitur fraternitatis vestre uni- 
versitatem obnixe depos,cimus et Christianitatis vestre libera- 
litatem submovemus et fidei humanitatis vestre injungimus ut 
illos in tenura predicta modo supradicto eis concessa manuteneatis, 
scientes quia qui eis benefecerit nobis factum reputabimus sicut 
e diverso qui eis de predicta tenura injuriam aliquam ingesserit in 
commune altaris nostri beneficium tanquam sacrilegus excessisse 
se sciat. Hujus rei testes sunt Normanus clericus, Adam came- 
rarius, Benedictus camerarius, et ceteri. 

1316. Grant by Henry II to William, earl of Albemarle, in fee and 
inheritance of free burgage in Hedon, so that his burgesses 
there shall hold in free burgage as freely as those of York and 
Lincoln hold, with the customs and liberties there. 1167- 
1170. 
Patent R., I Hen. IV, pt. vi, m. I. Pd. in Cal. Pat. X., 1399-1401, p. 266. 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum justiciariis, vicecomitibus et omnibus 
ministris suis totius Anglic Francigenis et Anglicis salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse Willelmo comiti Albemarlie liberum bur- 
gagium in Hedduna sibi et heredibus suis in feudo et hereditate, 
ita quod burgenses ejus Heddune libere et quiete in libero bur- 
gagio teneant sicut burgenses mei de Eboraco vel Nichole melius 

1 As recorded in Chron. de Melsa, 88. 

* Ib. Subsequently to this demise the messuage reverted to the abbey in the time 
of abbot Adam. 



46 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

et liberius et quietius tenant illis consuetudinibus et libertatibus. 
Testibus, Ricardo de Luci et Willelmo filio Hamonis, apud 
Argentom. 

1317. Grant by Ralph, master of St. Sepulchre of Hedon, and the 
brethren there to Herbert, son of Everard, of a toft in the town 
of Tunstall, rendering 4^. yearly. ^.1200-1230. 

Brit. Mus. ; Harl. chart., 86 G. 44. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tam presentibus quam 
futuris Radulfus magister Sancti Sepulcri de Hedon' et ejus- 
dem loci confratres salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas 
vestra nos divine pietatis intuitu concessisse et dedisse et hac 
present! carta nostra confirmasse Herberto filio Everardi quem- 
dam toftum in villa de Tunestal, cum omnibus libertatibus et 
aisiamentis suis infra villam et extra, ilium scilicet qui jacet inter 
toftum Radulfi fili[i] Roberti et toftum Amfridi quern Radulfus 
Latewis quondam tenuit, tenendum et habendum de nobis et 
successoribus nostris sibi et heredibus suis vel a[s]signatis suis, 
reddendo inde annuatim predictis fratribus quatuor denarios ad 
festum Sancti Martini in hieme pro omni servitio. Nos vero pre- 
dicti fratres prenominatum tenementum predicto Hereberto et 
heredibus suis vel as[s]ignatis suis imperpetuum warentizabimus 
et defendemus. His testibus: magistro Waltero persona de 
Tunestal, Adam capel[l]ano, Johanne Talun, Waltero Heduni, 
Jacobo Otewi, Galfrido Talun, Johanne Raimbrit, Hugone 
sagit[tario], et aliis. 

In 1208 Stephen de Gaghenested quit-claimed to Ralph, prior of Hedon, 
and his church (of St. Sepulchre), who had called to warranty Saher de 
Sutton, I bovate in Ganstead, for which Saher gave him another bovate in 
that town. 1 In the ensuing year Juliana, wife of Stephen son of Roger, 
released her claim against Ralph, master of the hospital of the infirm at 
Hedon, to dower in a messuage in Hedon, which her husband had given 
in alms to the hospital.* 

1318. Notification by Stephen, earl of Albemarle, to his steward 
and barons of Holderness of his confirmation to the monks of 
Pontefract of the gift made by Ralph de Cattewic of a mediety 
of the church of Catwick. 1120-1127. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 67. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 

n. 413- 

S[tephanus] comes de Albamarla dapifero suo et baronibus suis 
de Holdernessa salutem. Sciatis quod ego concedo monachis 
Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto dimidiam ecclesiam de Cattewic 
quam dedit eis Radulfus de Cattewic, et volo et precipio ut earn in 
pace teneant. Teste, Willelmo Biseth et Giroldo et aliis baronibus 
meis multis. Valete. 

1 Yorks. Fines, n. 305. * ib., n. 426. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: TUNSTALL, CATWICK 47 

1319. Confirmation by Thurstan, archbishop of York, pf the gift 

made by Ralph de Cattingwick with the consent of Simon 
his son to St. John's, Pontefract, of a mediety of the church of 
Catwick. 1120-1140. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. II. Pd. in ChartuL of Pontefr., 
n. 39. 

Tfurstinus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
in Christo fidelibus salutem. Confirmo presentis carte testi- 
monio donum quod Radulfus de Cattingewic fecit Sancto Johanni 
Evangeliste de Pontefracto et Symon films ejus concessit, scilicet 
dimidium ecclesie de Cattingewic. Valete. 

1320. Notification of William, earl of Albemarle, to the archbishop 

of York, of his confirmation to the monks of Pontefract 
of a mediety of the church of Catwick, which Ralph de 
Catwick gave them, and earl Stephen, the grantor's father, 
confirmed. 1150-1160. 
Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 68. Pd. in ChartuL of Pontefract, n. 424. 

W[illelmus] comes Albemarle archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
omni clero et omnibus baronibus et omnibus ministris suis 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et confirmasse monachis Sancti 
Johannis de Pontefracto dimidiam ecclesiam de Catewic, quam 
dedit eis Radulfus de Catewic, et sicut Stephanus conies pater 
meus concessit et confirmavit. Et precipio omnibus meis quod 
predictis monachis de predicta tenura nullam faciant injuriam. 
Testibus, Rogero de Toleha, 1 Roberto constabulario, Radulfo 
venatore, Benedicto camerario, Agnete de Albemarla, apud 
Hornesee. 2 

1321. Grant by Peter de Faucomberg, by the advice of Roger, arch- 

bishop of York, to the monks of Pontefract of his mediety 
of the church of Catwick, for the health of the soul of Beatrice 
his wife, and of his sons, William, Walter and Stephen, who 
gave their consent to the grant. For this the monks under- 
took to commemorate the anniversaries of Peter and Beatrice. 
1154-1160. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 70. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 444. 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Petrus de Falkebergia salutem. Universitati vestre notum 
fieri volo me, consilio venerabilis Rogeri Dei gratia Ebora- 
censis archiepiscopi, dedisse et concessisse et presentis carte mee 
testimonio confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Johanni 
Ewangeliste et priori et monachis de Pontefracto medietatem 
meam ecclesie Sancti Michaelis de Catthevic cum omnibus per- 
tinentiis suis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et 
quietam ab omni seculari exactione, manutenendam et warenti- 
1 " Toleha " ; MS. " Hornesel " ; ib. 



48 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

zandam contra omnes homines, pro salute anime mee et uxoris 
mee Beatricis et filiorum meorum Willelmi, Waited, Stephani et 
omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum, predictis uxore mea 
Beatricia et filiis meis concedentibus et consentientibus. Qui 
autem super hac elemosina mea predictis monachis aliquam 
injuriam vel aliquod gravamen intulerint maledictionem Dei et 
meam habeant. Pro hujus vero donationis beneficio concesserunt 
mihi predicti monachi in obitu meo tantum obsequii quantum pro 
uno de monachis ipsius domus. Insuper autem anniversarium 
meum singulis annis facient de redditu predicte ecclesie, scilicet 
elemosine mee, de Catewic et in die anniversaria obitus mei de 
predicto redditu predicti monachi procurabuntur et hoc idem 
concesserunt prefati monachi uxori mee Beatricie in die obitus 
sui. Nos etiam in plenariam societatem domus sue et totius 
ordinis Cluniacensis et heredes nostros receperunt. Hujus rei 
testes sunt, Rogerus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus, 
Johannes films Letoldi, Willelmus capellanus, Jordanus Folioth, 
Hugo de Perdevill, Tomas dapifer monachorum, Jordanus de 
Aula. 

1322. Notification of Peter de Faucomberg that, having inspected 
the charters of his ancestors to the monks of Pontefract, 
which they have, he has renounced his claim to the church 
of Catwick, to which they last presented dom. Eustace de 
Faucomberg, his uncle. 1205-^.1230. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. ^od, Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 445. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Petrus de Falkebergia salutem. Noverit universitas vestra quod 
inspectis et auditis instrumentis que prior et monachi de Ponte- 
fracto habent ab antecessoribus meis de ecclesia de Cattewic 
renuntiavi appellationi mee pro eadem ecclesia interposite, et 
remisi eis in perpetuum et quietum clamavi de me et de 
heredibus meis totum jus et clamium quod dicebam me habere in 
predicta ecclesia ad quam ultimo presentaverunt dominum Eusta- 
chium de Falkebergia avunculum meum. Hiis testibus, magistro 
Rogero Marmiun canonico Beuerlacensi, Henrico hospitel' Thoma 
elemosinario de Bederna, Moricio clerico, Willelmo Folioth, 
Ricardo de Martona et aliis. 

Peter de Faucomberg, with Beatrice his wife, gave to the monks of 
Meaux 5-r. of yearly rent from the mill of Cattingwick for the purchase of 
sacramental wine. 1 This was during the period 1182-1197. Later his son 
Walter gave carucate in Riston. 2 Walter seems to have succeeded his 
father before 1194, when he attorned Peter de Frismareis in his place in a 
plea against Ralph de Ros, whose attorney was Ralph de Rise. 3 He was 
also engaged at that time in a plea of assize of mort ^ancestor against 

1 Chron. de Melsa, i, 222. ib. 3 R, Cur. Reg., i, 95. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: CATWICK CHURCH 



49 



Ralph de Roucestre. Among the visors were John de Meaux, Gilbert de 
Scrilling[ton], Robert de Fiteling and Thomas de Ewrestwich. 1 Walter 
married Agnes, eldest of the three daughters and coheirs of Simon Fitz- 
Simon, lord of Cuckeney, co. Nott. ; and Stephen de Faucomberg, his 
brother, married Petronilla, the youngest of the three coheirs. 2 This 
Stephen, named above, was living in iioV but died before July, 1199, when 
his relict, as Petronilla, daughter of Simon, was engaged in a suit with 
Walter de Faucomberg and Agnes, his wife, touching a 2oth part of a 
knight's fee in Cuckeney.* 

The inheritance of Ralph de Catwick in Catwick seems to have been 
parted between the families of Faucomberg and Whitic. 5 The fee of Fau- 
comberg in Holderness consisted in 1284-5 of 39 carucates and 7 bovates.' 
What was lacking to make a knight's fee of 48 carucates had probably 
been given in alms. 

1323. Grant by Bertram, prior of Pontefract, and the convent, to 
William, priest of Catwick, of i bovate in Catwick with a 
toft, namely the bovate which Simon de Whitic, the eldest, 
gave to St. John on the day that he married Aubrey de 
Lamare at Pontefract ; to hold for $s. rent. c.\ 160-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. Sod. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 539. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod dominus Bertrammus prior de 
Pontefracto consensu totius conventus concessit Willelmo pres- 
bitero de Cathwic unam bovatam terre in Cathwic cum crofto 
et unum toftum, pro qua bovata cum tofto idem Willelmus dabit 
unoquoque anno ij solidos et pro alio tofto xij denarios, dimidium 
scilicet viij decim denarios ad Pentecosten et xviij denarios ad 
festum Sancti Martini. Si vero idem Willelmus hanc terram 
alicui ex parentibus suis dimittere voluerit, adducet eum ad 
priorem et a priore et conventu hanc terram accipiet et de eis 
tenebit. Et ut certum sit que bovata ilia sit, ilia est nominatim 
quam Symon senex de Witic dedit Deo et Sancto Johanni die 
qua desponsavit Albredam de Mara apud Pontemfractum. Hiis 
testibus, Waltero de Cathwic, Jordano, Rainaldo, Waltero de 
Ledestona et toto conventu Sancti Johannis. 

1324. Quit-claim by Everard de Withic to the monks of Pontefract 
of his right in the church of Catwick. ^.1180-1190. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 6gd. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 436. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Everardus de Withic salutem. Noverit universitas vestra quod 
ego, pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et heredum meorum, 
remisi priori et monachis de Pontefracto [et] imperpetuum quie- 
tum clamavi de me et heredibus meis totum jus et clamium quod 
dicebam me habere in ecclesia de Cathwic aut ejus pertinentiis. 
Et in hujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillum meum pro 

1 R. Cur. Reg., 41. 2 Thoroton, Notts, (ed. Throsby), iii, 372. 

3 R. Cur. Reg., i, 98. * ib., 442. 6 Kirkby's Quest, 74-75. 

6 ib., 74. Cf. Cal. of Inq., iv, 354. 
Ill D 



50 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

me et heredibus meis apposui. Hiis testibus, domino Petro de 
Falcumb[erga], Andrea fratre ejus, Willelmo Foliot, Petro persona 
de Risa, Alano capellano, Hugone clerico de Burtona, Ricardo 
de Martona et aliis. 

The family of Whitic held Catwick under the Faucombergs. In 1194 
Herbert de St. Quintin appealed Stephen de Faucomberg, William de 
Killinge, Everard de Whitice and Robert de Tudinton for carrying away 
his turves from (Brands)burton. 1 The same, or a younger Everard de 
Whitic, returned to allegiance to the crown in 1217.* 

1325. Quit-claim by Peter de Faucomberg, son of Walter, to the 
canons of Beverley of his native, Odo son of Roger of Rise, 
with his sequel and chattels. 1180-1190. 

From the evidences of Sir William Constable, bart.; Add. MS. 26736, f. 63. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit 
Petrus de Faucumbargia films Walteri salutem. Noverit univer- 
sitas vestra me dedisse et omnino quietum clamasse in perpetuum 
de me et de omnibus meis Deo et altari Beati Johannis Beverla- 
censis et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam Odonem de Rise filium Rogeri, cum tola sequela sua 
et omnibus catallis suis, qui fuit nativus meus. Et in hujus rei 
testimonium presens scriptum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. 
Hiis testibus, Willelmo, Roberto, Johanne, Hingelramo, Thoma 
et Ada, capellanis ecclesie Beverlaci ; Willelmo tune temporis 
senescallo domini Petri de Faucumburgia, Petro fratre suo 
persona de Rise, Roberto Vavasur, Stephano filio Alexandri, 
Hingelramo clerico de Beverlaco, Waltero clerico de ecclesia 
Sancte Trinitatis Beverlaci, et aliis multis. 



1326. Notification of Stephen, earl of Albemarle, to his steward, 
sheriff and barons of his confirmation to the canons of 
Bridlington of the church of Boynton, before he gave the land 
(of Boynton) to Alan de Monceaux. Done at Rouen with 
the consent of William his son. 1120-^.1127. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 136^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 182. 

S[tephanus] Albemarl[ensis] comes dapifero et vicecomiti 
omnibusque baronibus Francis et Anglis salutem. Sciatis me 
concessisse canonicis Sancte Marie de Brid[lintona] ecclesiam 
de Bovington et quicquid ecclesie pertinet antequam Alano de 
Mouncels terram dedissem. Nunc vero similiter concedo et 
confirmo ut bene et liberaliter teneant. Et hoc factum fuit 
aput Rothomagum, concedente Willelmo filio suo. Hiis testi- 
bus, etc. 

* R. Cur. Reg., i, 38, 98. * R. Litt. Claus., i, 3336, 3376. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: BOYNTON, WINKTON 51 

1327. Notification of William, earl of Albemarle, to his steward, 
sheriff and barons of his confirmation to the canons of 
Bridlington of the church of Boynton. Done at Aldbrough 
(E.R.). 1127-^.1140. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 136^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartitl. of B., 181. 

Willelmus Albemarl[ensis] comes dapifero et vicecomiti omni- 
busque baronibus Francis et Anglis salutem. Sciatis me con- 
cessisse canonicis Sancte Marie de Brid[elintona] ecclesiam de 
Bovingtona et quicquid ecclesie pertinet et ita bene et honora- 
biliter et liberaliter teneant sine omni auxilio et sine alio servitio 
sicut de rege teneo, excepto servitio Dei. Hoc factum fuit apud 
Audeburgham. Hiis testibus, etc. 



1328. Grant by Alan de Monceaux to the poor of the hospital of 
Bridlington of 2 bovates in Winkton with a croft of 2 acres, 
for the soul of count Stephen and the countess Hawise; 
made with the consent of the donor's son and heir, Robert, 
and wife Matilda. 1127-^.1135. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 225. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of Brid., p. 300. 

Notum sit omnibus et clericis et laicis quod ego Alanus de 
Mouncels dedi pauperibus de hospitali Bridel[intonensi] duas 
bovatas terre in Winctona cum uno crofto de duabus acris, 
liberas et quietas ab omnibus servitiis sicut liberam elemosinam, 
pro amore Dei et pro anima Stephani comitis et Hawise comi- 
tisse et pro animabus antecessorum meorum; et quicunque 
fecerit injuriam pauperibus Christi de hac mea elemosina aufe- 
ratur ei societas omnium sanctorum. Amen. Hanc elemosinam 
concessit Rodbertus films et heres meus et Matildis uxor mea. 
Hiis testibus, Odone de Brell[intona], Eustachio de Mouncels, 
Waltero et Philippo nepotibus Alani, Waltero Vrnei, Ro[berto] 
filio Radulfi, Rogero de Lindissi, Firmino, Sichtrico de Lesset', 
Normanno de Fraisthorp, Utredo, Aidario, Radulfo sacerdote, 
Ingelramo de Mouncels, Alano filio Huberti, Waltero Bern[ardi], 
W[altero?] de Hamby, Petro de Gousel, W[ ] de Poi, Hod' 
de Poy, W[ ] de Turgrinby, G[ilberto] de Moncel[lis], 
Alexandro de eadem, Rogero de Lunnei, Roberto del Clif, 
Willelmo filio Viell'. 



1329. Notification by Henry (Murdac), archbishop of York, to 
Robert, bishop of Lincoln, of the gift made in his presence 
by Alan de Munceaux and Ingram his son and heir to the 
nuns of (Nun) Cotun of the whole town of (Nun) Cotun with 
the service of William de Burgh and the land which he holds 



52 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

there freely; and request that the bishop will uphold and 

confirm the alms. 1147-1153. 

Chartul. of Nun Coton ; Bodl. Lib. Oxon., MS. Top. Line, d i, f. 14. 
H[enricus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus * venerabili 
et dilecto fratri R[oberto] eadem gratia Lincolniensi episcopo et 
capitulo Lincolniensi in Domino salutem. Testimonium veritati 
perhibere debemus. Inde est quod dilectioni vestre ad verita- 
tem corroborandam scribimus. Noverit itaque caritas vestra quod 
Alanus de Muncell et Ingeramus heres ejus et films in presentia 
nostra concesserunt, pluribus audientibus, totam villam de Cotum 
cum omnibus ejus pertinentiis, liberam et quietam ab omni servitio, 
in perpetuam elemosinam sanctimonialibus ibidem Deo servienti- 
bus ; servitium etiam Willelmi de Burg', et totam ipsius terram 
in eadem villa quam libere tenet. Ea propter firmitatem vestram 
compellamus quatinus hanc elemosinam, cum ceteris ipsarum 
sanctimonialium possessionibus rationabiliter eisdem concessis, 
manuteneatis, protegatis et scripto vestro sicut decet confirmetis. 
Valete. 

Alan de Munceaux, the founder of Nun Cotun, co. Line., made his gifts 
to the nuns, whom he established there, " for the health " of Stephen, earl of 
Albemarle, and of Hawise his wife. 8 This statement has been used as 
evidence of the foundation of the priory before 1129, but this document 
proves that it was founded during the time that Henry Murdac was arch- 
bishop. 

In 1284-5 the fee of Monceaux consisted of 29^ carucates. 3 Possibly 
the original feoffment was 36 carucates. 

1 330. Notification to archbishop Thurstan by Everard, son of Peter 
de Ros, of his gift to the canons of Bridlington of the church 
of Atwick with 6 bovates, for the soul of Eustachia his wife. 
1138-1140. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 236,* in the possession of Sir William Ingilby, 
bart. ; Dodsw. MS. ix, f. 150 ; clix, f. 138^. 

T[urstinoJ archiepiscopo Eboracensi dominus Edbrardus films 
Petri de Rossa salutem. Notum sit vobis me dedisse ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Bridelington et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus 
ecclesiam de Attingwyk cum sex bovatis terre et aliis pertinentiis 
suis. Hanc donationem feci eis pro anima Eustachie uxoris mee 
et pro animabus antecessorum meorum in puram elemosinam. 
Hiis testibus : W[illelmo] comite Eboraci, Eustachio de Nova villa, 
R[oberto ?] dapifero, Elia persona, Conano constabulario, Paga- 
nello venatore, et aliis. 

This gift had been confirmed to Bridlington by Henry I. 5 Eustachia, 
the wife of Everard de Ros, appears to have deceased without issue before 

1 "Eboracensi archiepiscopo" in the MS. a Mon. Angl., v, 676. 

3 Kirkby's Quest, 77, also 373, 377 \ Cal. of Inq., iv, 353. 

4 Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 312. The following note is added in the 
Chartulary in another hand : " Ista carta fuit surrepta de priore Thoma per comitem 
Albemarle apud Cleton " ; f. 236. 6 #., p. I. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: ATWICK, NUNKEELING 53 

the granting of this charter. Everard de Ros, eldest son of Peter de Ros 
and Edelina his wife, sister and one of the coheirs of Walter Espec, was 
succeeded by his younger brother Robert de Ros before 1158.* 

In 1284-5 the fee of Ros in Holderness consisted of 46^ carucates. 1 

1331. Grant by Agnes de Arches to the nuns of St. Mary and 
St. Helen of (Nun)keeling, for the souls of Herbert de St. 
Quintin, her husband, and Walter and Alan her sons, of 
the church of Nunkeeling and 3 carucates of land with a 
croft on the western side of the wood of Bewholme, and 
i2 yearly from the croft which Alice, wife of Gamel, held; 
also material in the wood of Bewholme for their ploughs and 
harrows. 1144-1154. 

Chartul. of Nunkeeling ; Otho C. viii, f. 666. Pd. in Mon. Angl., iv, 186. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis visuris et audituris literas 
has Agnes de Archis salutem. Notum sit vobis me concessisse 
et dedisse ac presentis carte mee testimonio confirmasse Deo et 
Sancte Marie et Sancte Helene et monialibus de Killinghe eccle- 
siam ejusdem ville et tres carucatas terre cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis in eadem villa plenarie, libere et quiete in villa et 
extra villam, in pratis et pascuis, in viis et semitis et in omnibus 
aliis eidem terre adjacentibus. Concessi etiam eis et dedi croftum 
in occidentali parte nemoris de Beghum in longitudine et latitu- 
dine sicut ab eisdem infossatum est et xij. denarios annuatim im- 
perpetuum de crofto quod Aeliz uxor Gamelli tenuit quicunque 
illud tenuere. De bosco autem de Beghum dedi eis in perpetuum 
necessaria aratris suis et cratibus preparandis sufficienter. Hec 
omnia supradicta concessi eis et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi 
in perpetuam et puram et liberam elemosinam, quietam ab omni 
servitio et secular! exactione in perpetuum, pro salute anime 
domini mei Herbert! de Sancto Quintino et pro animabus Walter! 
et Alani filiorum meorum et pro animabus omnium parentum et 
amicorum meorum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1332. Confirmation by William, archbishop of York, at the request 

of Agnes (de Arches), mother of Peter de Fauconberg and 
of her sons William Foliot and Hugh Foliot, to the nuns of 
(Nun)keeling of the church of (Nun)keeling with J carucate, 
besides another J carucate given by her and confirmed by the 
earl (of Albemarle), and a third carucate given by her in the 
grantor's presence which she undertook to discharge of service 
until she had petitioned the earl to acquit the service and aids 
due from it. 1143-1154. 

Chartul. of Nunkeeling; Otho C. viii, f. (fjd. Pd. in Mon. Angl., iv, 187. 
Willelmus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum sit omnibus vobis 



1 R. Mag. Pip., 4 Hen. II, 140, 146. 

Kirkby's Quest:, 74; Cal. of Ing., iv, - 



352. 



54 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

me, petitione Agnetis matris Petri de Falcamberga et filiorum 
suorum Willelmi et Hugonis Foliot, concessisse et presenti carta 
confirmasse in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam sanctimonia- 
libus de Killinga, ecclesiam de Killinga cum dimidia carucata terre 
et omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis et aliam dimidiam carucatam 
terre in eadem villa, liberam et quietam sicut prefata earn sancti- 
monialibus Agnes concessione heredum suorum et confirmatione 
comitis dedit, et tertiam dimidiam carucatam terre in eadem villa 
quam prefata Agnes et heredes sui in presentia nostra predictis 
monialibus in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam dederunt. Et 
quia de ista donatione concessionem non optinuerant comitis de 
Albamarla nisi salvo servitio, sepefata Agnes et heredes sui 
nobis in manu miserunt quod istam postremam dimidiam caru- 
catam terre suis expensis ab omni servitio comitis et ejus 
auxiliis fideliter acquietabunt, donee ab ipso comite libertatem 
et remissionem quesierunt. Testibus, [capitulo ?] Sancti Johannis 
Beverlaci, etc. 



1333. Confirmation by Richard de St. Quintin to the nuns of (Nun)- 
keeling of the gift made by Agnes de Arches of the church 
of (Nun)keeling with | carucate, tofts and crofts and the 
tithes belonging to the church, and her further gift of 2\ caru- 
cates there and a croft on the western side of Bewholme 
wood ; also confirmation of the gifts of his men, made or to 
be made within his fee. 1147-^.1170. 

Chartul. of Nunkeeling ; Otho C. viii, f. 65 (?). Pd. in Mon. Angl., iv, 187. 

Ricardus de Sancto Quintino omnibus hominibus suis et 
universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. Sciatis me con- 
cessisse et presentis carte testimonio confirmasse sanctimonialibus 
de Killinge donationem quam eis fecit Agnes de Archis, scilicet 
ecclesiam de Killinge cum dimidia carucata terre, plenarie in toftis 
et croftis et ceteris omnibus eidem terre pertinentibus, libertatibus 
et liberis consuetudinibus suis cum decimationibus et ceteris 
omnibus ad prefatam ecclesiam pertinentibus. Ex dono etiam 
ipsius Agnetis duas carucatas terre et dimidiam in antedicta villa 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis plenarie in villa et extra villam, in 
pratis et in pascuis, in viis et semitis et in omnibus aliis eidem 
terre adjacentibus. Concessi eis etiam et confirmavi croftum in 
occidentali parte nemoris de Beghum, in longitudine et latitudine 
sicut ab eisdem infossatum est. Volo etiam et firmiter precipio 
ut libere habeant et libere possideant quicquid de feudo meo ex 
hominum meorum largitione sive quolibet alio justo modo inpre- 
sentiarum possident vel in futurum poterint adipisci. Hec autem 
omnia concessi eis et confirmavi in perpetuam elemosinam, libera 
a me et ab heredibus meis, soluta et quieta ab omni humane ser- 
vitio quod ad me et ad illos pertinet ; et hoc feci pro salute anime 



HOLDERNESS FEE: NUNKEELING cr 

mee et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum. Hiis 
testibus, etc. 

1334. Confirmation by William, earl of Albemarle, to the nuns of 
(Nun)keeling of 3 carucates which they hold in (Nun)- 
keeling of his fee by the gift of Agnes de Catfoss, who holds 
them of Richard de St. Quintin, and acquittance to the said 
Richard of all service due from that land except the service 
in the king's army and Danegeld belonging to that land. 
1154-^.1168. 

From the original found in the ruins of St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. 
MS. xcv, f. 66d. Pd. in Man. Angl., iv, 187, without the witnesses' 
names, from the Chartul. of Nunkeeling, f. 87. 

W[illelmus] comes Albemarlie dapifero et vicecomiti suo et om- 
nibus baronibus suis Francis et Anglis et omnibus sancte matris 
ecclesie filiis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse sanctimonialibus 
de Chillingha illas tres carucatas terre quas tenent in Chillingha 
de feodo meo donatione Agnetis de Cathefossa, quas tenet de 
Ricardo de Sancto Quintino in perpetuam elemosinam, sic quod 
Ricardo de Sancto Quintino et heredibus suis totum servitium 
quod de illis tribus carucatis mihi debent clamo quietum de me 
et heredibus meis, preter exercitum regis et Danegelt ; similiter 
concede sanctimonialibus predictis tenendas de me et heredibus 
meis in perpetuam elemosinam sic quod in perpetuum sint quiete 
ab omni servitio de illis tribus carucatis quod mihi appendet nisi 
in exercitu regis et de Danegeld. Testibus : Jordano Foliot, Adam 
de Brus, Rogero de Toscha, Radulfo filio Aluredi, Hugone Foliot, 
Simone sacerdote, Alano de Chillingha, Galfrido Mosbei, Willelmo 
Chidenot, Helia de Am[undevill], Agnete de Albam[arla], Huberto 
filio Simonis, Radulfo pincerna. 

This confirmation was made after the death of Herbert de St. Quintin 
and while Agnes de Arches of Catfoss, his relict, was holding Nunkeeling 
in dower of the inheritance of her stepson, Richard de St. Quintin, who 
confirmed his step-mother's gift. Hugh Foliot is elsewhere (e.g., n. 1332) 
named as son of Agnes de Arches. 

In 1284-5 the f ee of St. Quintin in Holderness consisted of 45 carucates 
and 5 bovates. 1 

1335. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York and papal legate, 
to the nuns of (Nun)keeling of the gifts made to them by 
Alice de St. Quintin with the consent of Eustace de Merc, 
her husband, and by Agnes (de Arches), her mother, as con- 
firmed by Richard de St. Quintin and William, earl of Albe- 
marle, to hold quit of all secular service except knight's 
service and Danegeld, namely the church with 2 carucates 

1 Kirktys Quest, 74 ; Cal. of Inq., iv, 354. 



56 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

and 6 bovates in (Nun)keeling and a croft near (Bewholme) 

wood. 1 1 64-<r. 1 1 70. 

Chartul. of Nunkeeling ; Otho C. viii, f. 6jd. Pd. in Man. Angl., iv, 187^. 
Rfogerus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus, apostolice 
sedis legatus, omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. Ex 
administratione nobis a Deo commissa necessario incumbit loca 
religiosorum fovere et eorum quieti Deo auxiliante prospicere. 
Inde est quod locum sanctimonialium de Killinga cum universis 
donationibus quas Aliza de Sancto Quintino, consensu et voluntate 
mariti sui Eustachii de Merc, ex donatione matris sue Agnetis 
intuitu caritatis eis concessit, nos sub Bead Petri et nostra pro- 
tectione suscepimus et eas juxta quod in cartis Willelmi comitis 
Albemarlie et Ricardi de Sancto Quintino ac predicte Aliz con- 
tinetur priorisse et sanctimonialibus ejusdem loci presenti carta 
in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam et quietam ab omni humano 
servitio, preter exercitum regis et Danegeld, confirmamus. Statu- 
entes, ut quascunque possessiones quecunque bona largitione 
fidelium justis modis in futurum assequi poterint, firma eisdem et 
illibata permaneant ; in quibus hec propriis duximus exprimenda 
vocabulis, videlicet ecclesiam de Killinga cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, salvo jure episcopali, et duas carucatas et sex bovatas terre 
in eadem villa cum omnibus ad easdem pertinentibus in pratis, 
pasturis et toftis et croftis, et unum toftum in occidentali parte 
nemoris sicut fossata ibidem ostendunt. Si quis vero maligno 
instinctu jam dictum locum vel bona ad eundem pertinentia 
contra hujus nostri decreti paginam vexare presumpserit, districte 
ultionis severitate se noverit puniendum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1336. Bull of pope Alexander III confirming to the prioress and 
nuns of (Nun)keeling, of the order of St. Benedict, the 
church (of Nunkeeling), the site of their monastery and \ 
carucate, 2 \ carucates of the gift of Agnes de Arches and the 
croft on the western side of the underwood of Bewholme, as 
confirmed by Richard de St. Quintin ; 2 bovates in Bewholme 
with 6 acres by the wood and 14 acres in Bewholme of the 
gift of William Foliot ; 2 bovates there of the gift of Alice de 
St. Quintin ; 3 tillages of arable land of the gift of Arnulf ; 
together with many privileges. 1159-1181. 
From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, f. 255. 

Alexander episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis in Christo 
filiabus priorisse de Keillinga ejusdemque soro[ri]bus tarn pre- 
sentibus quam futuris regularem vitam degentibus in perpetuum. 
Prudentibus virginibus que sub habitu religionis, accensis lam- 
padibus, per opera sanctitatis jugiter se preparant ire obviam 
[Sponso] sedis appostolice debemus presidium impertiri, ne forte 
cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos a proposito revocet aut 
robur, quod absit, sacre religionis infringat. Eapropter, dilecte 



HOLDERNESS FEE: NUNKEELING 



57 



in Christo filie, vestris justis postulationibus clementer annuimus ; 
prefatam ecclesiam in qua divino mancipate estis obsequio, sub 
Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus et presentis scripti 
privilegio communimus. Inprimis siquidem statuentes ut ordo 
monasticus qui secundum Deum et Beati Benedicti regulam in 
eodem loco institutus est dinoscitur perpetuis ibidem temporibus 
inviolabiliter observetur. Preterea quascunque possessiones, que- 
cunque bona eadem ecclesia inpresentiarum juste et canonice 
possidet, atque in futurum concessione pontificum, largitione 
regum vel principum, oblatione fidelium seu aliis justis modis, 
prestante Domino, poterit adipisci, firma vobis et hiis que post 
vos successerint et illibata permaneant. In quibus hec propriis 
duximus exprimenda vocabulis : Locum ipsum in quo monas- 
terium vestrum scitum est cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et 
dimidiam carucatam terre; ex dono etiam Agnetis de Arches 
duas carucatas terre et dimidiam in predicta cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis ; et croftum in occidentali parte nemoris de Beghum 
sicut in carta Ricardi de Sancto Quintino vobis rationabiliter 
confirmata est ; ex dono Willelmi Foliot duas bovatas terre in 
Beghum cum suis pertinentiis, et sex acras juxta boscum, et 
quatuordecem acras in predicta villa de Beghum ; ex dono Adeliz 
de Sancto Quintino duas bovatas terre in prefata Beghum cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis ; ex donatione Ernulfi tres culturas terre 
arabilis liberas et quietas. Cum autem generale interdictum terre 
fuerit, liceat vobis, clausis januis, exclusis excommunicatis et 
interdictis, non pulsatis campanis, suppressa voce divina officia 
celebrare; liceat quoque vobis personas liberas et absolutas e 
seculo fugientes ad conversionem vestram recipere et eas absque 
alicujus contradictione in vestro mona,sterio retinere. Sepulturam 
quoque ipsius loci liberam esse decernimus, ut eorum devotioni 
et extreme voluntati qui se illic sepeliri deliberaverint, nisi forte 
excommunicati vel interdicti sint, nullus obsistat; salva tamen 
justitia ipsarum ecclesiarum a quibus mortuorum corpora assu- 
mentur. Sane novalium vestrorum que propriis manibus aut 
sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestrorum animalium nullus 
a vobis decimas presumat exigere. Prohibemus insuper ne quis 
vobis vel ecclesie vestre nova et indebita onera imponere audeat 
aut illicitum gravamen inferre; obeunte vero te nunc ejusdem 
loci priorissa vel tuarum qualibet succedentium, nulla ibi qualibet 
subreptionis astutia seu violentia preponatur, nisi quam sorores 
communi assensu vel sororum pars consilii sanioris secundum 
Dei timorem et Beati Benedicti regulam providerint eligendam. 
Decernimus quoque ut nulli omnino hominum liceat prefatam 
ecclesiam temere perturbare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel 
ablatas retinere, minuere seu quibuslibet vexationibus defatigare ; 
set illibata omnia et integra conserventur earum pro quarum 
gubernatione et sustentatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis 



58 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

profitura, salva sedis apostolice autoritate et diocesani episcopi 
canonica justitia. Si qua igitur in futurum ecclesiastica secularis- 
que persona, hanc nostre constitutionis paginam sciens, contra 
earn temere venire temptaverit, secundo tertiove commonita, nisi 
presumptionem suam digna satisfactione correxerit, potestatis 
honorisque sui dignitate careat reamque se divino judicio existere 
de perpetrata iniquitate cognoscat et a sacratissimo corpore ac 
sanguine Dei et Domini Redemptoris nostri Jesu Christi aliena 
fiat atque in extremo examine districte ultioni subjaceat. Cunctis 
autem eidem loco sua jura servantibus sit pax Domini nostri Jesu 
Christi quatinus et hie fructum bone actionis percipiant et apud 
districtum judicium premia eterne pacis inveniant. Amen. 



1337. Confirmation by Alice de St. Quintin to the nuns of (Nun)- 
keeling of her mother's gifts to them of the church of (Nun)- 
keeling with 3 carucates and the croft near Bewholme wood ; 
also gift of 2 bovates of her demesne in Bewholme and con- 
firmation of material in Bewholme wood for their ploughs and 
harrows and 1 2d. yearly from the croft of Alice, wife of Gamel ; 
also of 2 bovates and 14 acres of land in Bewholme of the 
gift of William Foliot, a bovate of the gift of Robert Jurdan 
and 3 bovates of the gift of Walter de Fauconberg. ^.1175- 
^.1185. 

Chartul. of Nunkeeling ; Otho C. viii, f. 65 (?). Pd. in Man. Angl. t iv, 1876. 

Aaeliz de Sancto Quintino omnibus sancte matris ecclesie 
filiis visuris et audituris literas has salutem. Sciatis me conces- 
sisse et hac carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancte 
Helene et sanctimonialibus de Killinge donationem matris mee, 
scilicet ecclesiam de Killinga et tres carucatas terre cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis in eadem villa et croftum quod est in occidental! 
parte nemoris, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et 
solutam ab omni humane servitio et exactione seculari et ple- 
nariam in pratis et pascuis, in viis et in semitis et in omnibus 
aisiamentis ad predictam elemosinam pertinentibus. Insuper 
dedi eisdem sanctimonialibus duas bovatas terre in Bechum de 
dominio meo plenarias in omnibus aisiamentis ad eandem villam 
pertinentibus, liberas et solutas ab omni humane servitio, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam. De bosco autem de Bechum 
dedi eis in perpetuum necessaria aratris suis et cratibus in parte 
mea preparandis sufficienter, visu forestarii mei et xij. denarios 
annuatim in perpetuum de crofto quod Aeliz uxor Gamelli tenuit 
quicunque illud tenuerit. Preterea confirmavi sepedictis moniali- 
bus duas bovatas terre et quatuordecim acras terre in Bechum 
quas Willelmus Foliot eis dedit et unam bovatam terre quam 
Robertus Jurdan dedit eis cum uxore sua et tres bovatas terre 
quas Walterus de Faukenberga dedit eis cum matre sua ita libere 



HOLDERNESS FEE: BEWHOLME, IMMINGHAM 59 

et quiete sicut carte donatorum testantur. Item concedo eis et 
confirmo quicquid rationabiliter de feudo illo adipisci poterunt. 
Hiis testibus, etc. 

The date of the death of Alice de St. Quintin is uncertain, but her 
second husband, Eustace de Merc, was living as late as 1186, when he 
discharged the balance of an amercement of 10 marks imposed the pre- 
ceding year for having his dogs in the forest contrary to assize. 1 

1338. Grant by Alice de St. Quintin to William her son of the land 
of Immingham, co. Line., to hold by the same service which 
Robert the steward did, who gave that land to the said Alice, 
his mother, namely the service of half a knight. 1 157-^.1180. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York (?) ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxvi, f. 62d, and ix, f. 338. 

Notum etc. quod ego Alicia de Sancto Quinteno dedi etc. 
Willelmo filio meo terram de Ymmingham libere, quiete etc. 
faciendo idem servitium quod Robertus dapifer faciebat, qui illam 
terram mihi predicte Alicie matri sue dedit, scilicet, servitium 
dimidii militis. 2 Testes, magister Robertus de Swina, Ingel- 
ramus de Mounceaux, Willelmus Foliot, Gilbertus de Mounceaux 
et Alexander frater ejus, Hugo Fawconberg, Tomas de Meaus, 
Symon armiger domine Alicie, Willelmus de Frismarisco. 3 

Alice de St. Quintin was the daughter and heir of Agnes de Arches of 
Catfoss by her first husband, Herbert de St. Quintin. Robert, steward of 
William de Percy, was Alice's son by Robert son of Fulk, the steward, her 
first husband. The grantee, her son William, died s.p., but was apparently 
alive in 1200.* The half fee in Immingham was held of the fee of Percy. 
Master Robert de Swine occurs in a deed belonging to the year 1175.* 

1339. Grant by Ralph de Goxa to the canons of Bridlington of a 
toft and 4 bovates in Goxhill (co. Line.). ^.1147-1168. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 265^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul, of B., 350. 
Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Radulfus de Goxa 
dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Bridelintona et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, 
in liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute anime mee 
et omnium amicorum meorum, unum toftum et quatuor bovatas 
terre in Goxa, tenendas de me et heredibus meis libere, quiete 
ab omni secular! servitio et exactione. Ego autem Radulfus et 
heredes mei warantizabimus predictis canonicis predictum toftum 
et predictas quatuor bovatas terre in Goxa cum omnibus suis 
pertinentiis adquietabimus et defendemus contra omnes homines 

1 Pipe R., 32 Hen. II, Yorks., 193 ; cf. ib. 179. 

2 " Itt was intayld upon Walter and Henrie his brothers and Sibilla his sister ; 
note inserted in Dodsw. MS. 

3 " Frismarensi" ; ib. 4 JR. Cur. Keg., ii, 162. 
8 Chartul. of Rievaulx, 82. 



60 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

in perpetuum. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum meum present! 
carte est appensum. Hiis testibus, Waltero de Eyncuria, Ricardo 
de Sancto Quintino, Willelmo Warneri, Ulberto constabulario, 
Fulcone filio Galfridi, Ernisio fratre meo, Adelardo de Barua 
et aliis. 

Ralph de Gousle is named in the Chronicle of Meaux as having purchased 
from Alan, son of Thomas Talun, 2^ bovates and a toft in Beeford in the 
time of Philip, abbot of Meaux (noo-1182). 1 

1340. Confirmation by William, earl of Albemarle, to the church of 
St. Mary, Bridlington, of 4 bovates in Goxhill (co. Line.), the 
church of Sproatley and 6 bovates (there), which Ralph de 
Goxhill and Erneis (his brother) gave. At Burstwick. 
<r.i 147-1168. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, f. 
261^; Chartul. of Bridlington at Ripley Castle, f. 26od. Abstr. in 
Lancaster's Charlul. of B rid., 344. 

Willelmus Albemarlensis comes dapifero et vicecomiti suo [et] 
omnibus baronibus suis Francis 2 et Anglis salutem. Sciatis me 
concessisse ecclesie Sancte 3 Marie de Bredlintona quatuor 
bovatas terre in Goxa et ecclesiam de Sprottelay et vi. 4 bovatas 
terre quas Radulfus de Goxa et Ernisius [frater] ejus 6 eidem 
ecclesie dederunt, quas volo ut bene et honorifice et in perpetuum 
teneant. Hoc factum fuit apud Brust[wic] ; his testibus, domino 6 
Waltero de Eincuria, Ricardo de Sancto Quintino, Herberto 
fratre suo, Willelmo Warneri, Ulb[er]to cunestab[ulo], Stefano 
pinc[erna], 7 Fulcone filio Galfridi, Gerardo de Fanencuria, Alnodo 
de Mapeltona, Petro del Bech, Firmin de Nicolia, 8 Adelardo de 
Barua. 

The church of Sproatley was confirmed to the canons by Henry I, as of 
the gift of Ralph de Goxhill. 9 As Gerard de Fanencurt attests charters 
temp. William, dean of York (1135-1143), it is possible that the date of this 
charter lies nearer 1 147 than 1 168. 

1341. Confirmation by Robert, son of Erneis, to the canons of Brid- 
lington of the church of Goxhill (co. Line.), which Ralph his 
brother gave. 1154-1168. 

Charter R., 5 Edward II, m. 7. Pd. in Man. AngL, vi, 287*. Ahstr. in 
Lancaster's Chartul. of Bridl., pp. 3, 347, and 440. 

R[obertus] filius iHernisii omnibus ecclesie filiis salutem. 
Notum sit vobis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio confir- 
masse in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam ecclesie Sancte Marie 

1 Chron. de Melsa, i, 167, 424. 2 " Francie " ; Chartul. 

3 "Beate"; ib. "iiii."; ib. 

5 " frater suus " ; ib. 6 Om. " Domino " ; ib. 

7 Dodsworth omits " Fulcone filio Galfridi, Gerardo de Fanencuria." 

8 " Merlia " in Dodsw., and some other variations. 
Chartul., 213. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: GOXHILL, SPROATLEY 6 1 

de Berlintona et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus ecclesiam de 
Gausla cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, pro redemptione anime 
fratris mei [Radulfi], qui earn dederat eidem ecclesie et pro salute 
anime mee et omnium consanguineorum meorum et amicorum. 
Hiis testibus, Roberto presbitero de Sproteley, Walcalino presbi- 
tero, Ernaldo presbitero, Adam diacono, magistro Alexandro, 
Milone equite, Willelmo de Wdeford, Willelmo Haltain, Radulfo 
de Sproteley, Hereberto Morant, Waltero Moin, Henrico de Ber- 
lintona, Serlone Talun, Reinaldo Pynchewer, Willelmo coco. 

The church of All Saints of Goxhill, in Lincolnshire, was given to 
Bridlington after 1154 by Ralph de Gosla, brother of Robert son of 
Erneis. These two brothers are named in the charter of confirmation from 
William, earl of Albemarle, to Bridlington, as the donors of the church of 
Sproatley. 1 Robert son of Erneis held 2 fees in 1166 of the bishop of 
Lincoln, namely in Goxhill and Wooton. 2 In 1171 he removed a plea 
against Hugh Malebisse in Yorkshire into the king's court. 3 In 1173 his 
land in Hemmingby, co. Line., was seized, owing to his complicity with the 
northern rebels.* In 1 1 76 he owed 60 marks in Yorkshire for forest trespass, 5 
and two years later he was amerced in Lincolnshire.' He married Adeline, 
daughter and coheir of John Ingram of Arnecliffe, 7 by whom he had issue. 
A plea in Trinity term, 1213, shows that he acquired with his wife the town 
of Bilsdale, and a knight's fee in Thornaby, Ayrsome, Linthorpe, Stainton, 
Gowton, and Lazenby, all in Cleveland. 8 He was deceased in 1185, when 
the wife of Simon de Crevequer, who was the daughter of Robert son of 
Erneis de Gousele, was in the king's gift, being then aged 24, and having two 
sons and two daughters, the eldest son being 5 years of age.' The heir of 
Robert son of Erneis was his son Adam, who was sometimes named " de 
Goushill," and sometimes " de Sproteley." He married Gundreda, daughter 
and heir of Guy de Vere. In or before 1189 Guy de Vere was liquidating a 
considerable debt in Lincolnshire for an agreement made in the king's court 
with Adam, his son-in-law, who was also an accountant for the same cause. 10 
After the death of Adam in or before 1205, his widow Gundreda married 
Nicholas de Chavencurt. 11 Walter, son and heir of Adam, took his mother's 
name of Vere. In 1205 he may have been under age, as Simon de Kime 
undertook to answer for the debt which Walter de Vere then owed the king 
for a fine which Simon had made for him for the debt (since 1 189) of Adam, 
son of Robert [de Goushill], father of the said Walter. The lands were in 
the cos. of Cumberland, York and Lincoln. 12 These descents are illustrated 
by 2 fines of land in Sproatley levied in 1208 and 121 r. 13 Walter died in or 
before I2I3, 1 * leaving by Sibyl his wife a son Simon, then under age. 
According to a Lincoln fine levied in 1220, Sibyl also married a Nicholas de 
Chavencurt. 15 Simon was of age in 1229, when he had a suit with the prior 
of Bridlington touching the advowson of the church of Goxhill. 1 * In the 
following year he demanded i carucate in Sproatley against Thomas son of 

1 Poulson, Holderness, ii, 277 ; citing Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 265. 

2 Red Bk., 375. 3 Pipe ., *7 Hen. II, 73. 
4 ib., 29 Hen. II, 139. * ib., 22 Hen. II, 1 12. 

ib., 24 Hen. II, 8. 7 Whitby Chartul., n. 131. 

8 Cur. Reg. R., 58, m. II. 9 R. de Dominabus, 4. 

10 Pipe R., I Ric. I, 61. u Selby Chartul., ii, 296. Cf. ib., 225-6. 

12 R. de Fin., 324. l3 Yorks. Fines, n. 362 ; Lincoln Fines, p. 1 14. 

14 Cur. Reg. R., 58,01. II. 

15 Line. Fines., 156; Chartul. of Rievaulx, 270, 382. 

16 Pat. R., 1225-1232, p. 301. 



62 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Giles, 6 bovates in Preston, and 4 bovates in Tunstall against Roger de 
Preston, and i bovate in Preston against John, son of Vicftor]. 1 

In 1231 Nicholas de Chavincurt and Sibyl his wife complained that 
Simon de Vere disseised them of a third part of the wood in Bilsdale. 2 

In 1287 Simon de Vere held 13 carucates in Sproatley and Peter de 
Gousell held 6 carucates in Beeford. 3 

1342. Notification by Henry de Gousla of his gift to Robert de 

Sprotlay of 2 bovates in Goxhill (co. Line.) for 45. rent, of 
which Robert shall be quit for 7 (or 8) years from Easter in 
the 1 7th year of Stephen (1152); if the grantor return not 
after those 7 years from Jerusalem, whither he is about to set 
forth, Robert shall then render 2s. yearly to the hospital of 
Goxhill and 2s. to the canons of Bridlington. 1152. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 265^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 350. 

Hfenricus] de Gousla omnibus amicis suis necnon et omnibus 
hanc cartam videntibus salutem. Notum sit vobis omnibus me 
concessisse et dedisse et presentis cartule testimonio confirmasse 
duas bovatas terre in Gousla in feodum et hereditatem Roberto 
de Sprotlay et heredibus suis, libere et quiete tenendas de me et 
heredibus meis pro iiii. solidis per annum. Ab istis vero iiii. 
solidis quietus erit per viii. annos a Pascha septimidecimi anni 
regni regis Stephani et cepit reguar[dum]. Si autem non redierim 
a Jerosolima quo iturus sum tune post predictos vii. annos hospi- 
tali de Gousla duos solidos libere et quiete persolvat et alios duos 
solidos hospitali de Bredlyngton. Hujus autem concessionis et 
donationis testes sunt isti, Robertus films Hernisei, Willelmus 
filius Roberti, Ricardus frater suus, Walterus de Kilvingholm, 
Ido Wambeis, Robertus clericus de Burton, Haimo et Ricardus 
presbyteri, Rogerus clericus, Baldewynus, Symon, Nigellus, 
Humfridus, Gocelinus filius Willelmi, Radulfus filius Ledbaldi, 
Willelmus frater ejus, Radulfus filius Seline et alii. 

1343. Notification by Hamon, treasurer of York, that, when John 

Talun by mandate of the archbishop's official made inquiry 
touching 2 bovates in Sproatley, it was recognised by the 
chapter that Ralph, brother of Erneis de Gousel, gave those 
bovates to the church of Bridlington for the purchase of in- 
cense before Ralph and Erneis gave the church of Sproatley 
to the canons. 1189-1 217. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 2320?. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B rid., 
308. 

H[amo] Eboracensis ecclesie thesaurarius omnibus ad quos 
presens scriptum pervenerit salutem. Universitati vestre notum 
facimus quod, cum Johannes Talun de mandate officialis domini 

1 Close R., 1227-1231, p. 394. 

* Assize R. 1042, m. $d. * Cat. of Inq., iv, 354-357 ; Kirkbys Quest, 74, 77. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: GOXHILL, SPROATLEY 63 

archiepiscopi fecisset inquisitionem de duabus bovatis terre in 
Sprottele, recognitum fuit ab universis et singulis de capitulo qui 
tune presentes erant, quod Radulfus frater Ernisii de Gousel 
dederat illas duas bovatas terre ecclesie de Bridlintona ad incen- 
sum emendum antequam ipse Radulfus et frater ejus Ernisius 
dederant ecclesiam de Sprottele canonicis de Bridelintona. Hoc 
protestati sunt in presentia nostra. Hiistestibus, Johanne Talun 
tune decano, Johanne de Withornewik, Stephano de Alost, 
Johanne de Gousla, Ricardo de Cattingwik, J[ohanne] de Hum- 
beltona, Symone capellano de Frothingham, Petro de Skipse, 
Simone capellano de Attingwik, Stephano de Attingwik, Matheo 
clerico. 

1344. Confirmation by Walter de Vere, son of Adam de Gousla, to 
the canons of Bridlington of the church of St. Swithin of 
Sproatley. 1200-1213. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 232. Pd. in Man. Angl., vi, 287, n. 8. Abstr. 
in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 307. 

Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Walterus de Ver 
filius Ade de Gousle salutem in Christo. Sciatis me concessisse 
et dedisse et present! carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Brellington et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, 
in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, ecclesiam Sancti 
Swithinii de Sprottele cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus intra 
villam et extra villam, sine ullo retenemento ; ita libere et integre 
sicut aliquis miles liberius et integrius viris religiosis ecclesiam 
concedere vel dare potest, nichil de eadem ecclesia michi vel 
heredibus meis retinens nisi orationum suffragia. Quare volo quod 
predicti canonici fructus et obventiones illius ecclesie in usus suos 
quantum ad me pertinet perpetuo convertant ad sustentationem 
hospitalitatis de Brid[lintona]. Promisi etiam fideliter juramento 
corporaliter prestito quod contra predictos canonicos de ecclesia de 
Sprottele nunquam litem movebo nee aliquo scripto faciente men- 
tionem de ilia ullo unquam tempore contra eos utar neque heredes 
mei utentur. Hiis testibus, Johanne de Sancta Cruce capellano 
domini regis, Benedicto capellano de Sprottele, magistro Roberto 
de Bridlintona, Laurencio clerico de Wiltona, Willelmo de Percy 
et Roberto filio ejus, Waltero de Bovingtona et Wfjllelmo] filio 
ejus, T[homa] de Alost, Gilberto de Speton et Petro filio ejus, 
Arnaldo de Martona, Arnaldo de Buctona, Willelmo de Lekburn, 
Luca Silver, Ricardo de Irtona, Henrico de Giseburne. 

1345. Grant by Robert de Scures to Gilbert the cook, for his service 
to the grantor, of 2 bovates in (Long) Riston with the toft 
formerly of Roce, to be held by doing for that land the 



64 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

service due to the king and the earl (of Albemarle). ^.1145- 
1166. 

From the original, formerly penes Thos. Barnby of Barnby ; Dodsw. MS- 
cxxxix, f. 51^. 

R[obertus] de Scures omnibus hominibus suis Francis et 
Anglicis salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse Gilberto coco 
pro servitio quod mihi servivit duas bovatas terre in Rustunia 
plenarias in campis et planis, in pratis et pasturis, cum quodam 
crofto quod fuit Roce ; in feudum et hereditatem et liberum servi- 
tium, sibi et heredibus suis; ad tenendum de me et heredibus 
meis ea conditione, quod predictam terram servitium regis et 
comitis faciendo defendet. Testibus, Nicholao sacerdote, Ricardo 
de Wathsonde et Johannes filius * et Jacobus, Rogerus filius 
Elfrici, Alan[us] de Lyndesei, Ricardus Eicus, 2 Roaldus, Stephanus 
de Fiteling et Willelmus frater ejus. 

A large equestrian seal. 

Robert de Scures attested the foundation charter of Newhus abbey 
(1140-1 147).* He was son of Alan de Scures, who was pardoned in 1130 a 
debt of 75-y. of the old pleas of Holderness, and in the same year accounted 
for ^15 for his wife's dower.* Alan was the son of Ansketill de Scures, 
who held lands of Stephen, earl of Albemarle, at the time of the Lindsey 
survey, 6 and was the donor of 4 bovates in Long Riston to Bridlington.' 
Before 1166 Robert de Scures had been succeeded by William his brother. 7 
Robert and William were also benefactors to Meaux, 8 Vaudey * and 
Thornton. 10 Robert became a novice in the abbey of Meaux and, as he 
was but the second person who died in the monastery during novitiate, 11 
his death must have occurred not long after the foundation of the house. 
He, William his brother and Matilda his sister, the wife of Turgis de Bray, 
all died without issue, when the inheritance passed to Walter de Scures, 
son of Richard de Scures, who is said to have been the paternal uncle of 
Matilda. 12 Richard de Scures gave to Vaudey abbey 2 bovates in Seustern, 
co. Leic. 13 He attested the foundation charter of Nun Cotun and, as son 
and heir of Jueta de Verli, consented to her gift to that abbey of 4^ bovates 
in Keelby, co. Line. 14 

In 1284-5 Robert de Hildyerd, who had married Joan, daughter of 
Robert de Scures, held 18 carucates in Holderness. 15 

1346. Grant by Robert de Scures to the hospital of St. Peter, York, 
with the consent of William his brother, of an acre in the 

1 The cases change. 2 " Ricardus filius Aichus" occurs in the next charter. 

3 Mon. Angl., vi, 865. 

* R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 26. * Greenstreet, op. cit., 3. 

6 Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 225 ; where are 2 charters of William de 
Scures, brother of the above Robert. 

7 Red Bk. of the Exch., 415, 421. 

8 Chron. de Melsa, i, 96 ; viz. Heigholme. See below. 

9 Mon. Angl., v, 491. 10 ib., vi, 327. 
11 Chron. de Melsa, i, 96. ia ib., 79. 

13 Mon. Angl., v, 491. u ib., 676. 

1S Kirkby"s Quest, 75 ; Cal. of Inq., iv, 352-5. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : RISTON, FLINTON 65 

territory of (Long) Riston, for the erection of a building 
thereon, with common of pasture, c. 1145-1166. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 223^. 
Sciant omnes legentes et audientes has literas me Rodbertum 
de Scures dedisse et presenti carta confirmasse in perpetuam 
elemosinam hospitali Sancti Petri Eboracensis unam acram terre 
in territorio de Ristun, liberam et quietam ab omni servitio et 
consuetudine, ad edificiurn faciendum et ibidem habere communem 
pasturam, Willelmo fratre meo concedente, pro anima patris sui 
et antecessorum suorum. Testibus, Nicholao sacerdote, Ricardo 
de Warhsand, Roberto de Scirlaga, Baldewino de Haitefelde, 
Stephano de Fitlyng, Willelmo fratre suo, Gileberto coco, Waltero 
filio Willelmi militis, Ricardo filio Aichus, Baldewino rufo, Simone 
filio Nicholai. 1 

1347. Confirmation by Gerame de Normanby to the canons of 
Bridlington of half a carucate in Flinton in accordance with 
the chirograph made between the convent and Alan de Flin- 
ton, with the tofts which the same Alan gave with that half 
carucate. 1163-1165. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 22&/. Abstr. in Lancaster's ChartuL of B., 304. 

Geramus de Normanby omnibus audientibus et videntibus 
has literas tam presentibus quam futuris salutem. Notum sit 
universe ecclesie filiis quod ego G[eramus] do et concedo et 
presentis carte testimonio confirmo in perpetuam elemosinam 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Brid[lintona] dimidiam carucatam terre 
in Flinton liberam et quietam ab omni servitio, sicut cyrographum 
factum inter ecclesiam de Bridlintona et Alanum de Flintona de 
eadem terra testatur ; cum toftis quas Alanus de Flintona dedit 
predicte ecclesie de Bridlintona cum predicta dimidia carucata 
terre in Flintona. Hiis testibus, Adam presbitero de Barwa 
fratre magistri Rogeri clerici comitis, Roberto capellano de Biforda 
et Willelmo fratre abbatis de Thornetona et Willelmo Thurnaasta 
et Radulfo famulo abbatis Thorentonie, Matheo filio Roberti 
capellani, Roberto de Humbeltona ; Waltero armigero predicti 
Gerami, Willelmo de Brunna, Petro nepote Pagani Blassel, 
Willelmo Saltebenia, Rogero cementario et Willelmo de Swalua 
et Henrico nepote abbatis de Thorentona, Lewino homine Petri 
vicecomitis Lincolnie, et aliis. 

About the year 1260 there were 2 car. in Flinton of the fee of Robert de 
Scures. 2 In 1284-5 they belonged to the fee of Robert Hyldierd. 3 When 
this charter was issued Philip was abbot of Thornton and Peter de Golsa 
sheriff of Lincoln. Ralph de Flinton claimed land in Hayholme in 1187 
against the abbot of Meaux. 4 He was amerced in 1204.* 

1 " Medlai"; Dodsw. MS., vii, 243^. * Kirkby's Quest, 375. 

3 ib., 75. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 221. 
5 Pipe R., 6 John. 
Ill E 



66 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1348. Restoration by William de Scures to St. Nicholas and the 
mother church of Hornsea and to the abbey of St. Mary, 
York, of whatever pertained to him in the said church, 
Milisent his wife joining him in this alms. This he did 
because he had ascertained that his father had constructed a 
church at (Long) Riston to the hurt of the mother church 
of Hornsea and had withdrawn certain things which of right 
belonged to the mother church. Henceforth the divine 
offices shall be celebrated in that church as had been the 
custom beforetime. Further he augmented the property of 
that church with a toft, c.i 160-^.1175. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 2590'. 

Willelmus de Scures omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis 
videntibus vel audientibus litteras has salutem. Audivi et fidelium 
amicorum meorum narratione cognovi patrem meum in lesionem 
juris matricis ecclesie de Horneshaia ecclesiam de Ristona con- 
struxisse, quedam etiam que de jure ejusdem matricis ecclesie 
fuerant subtraxisse. Hac conditione motus ne pro hac re diutius 
anima patris mei perditetur, consilio et assensu Milisent uxoris 
mee et amicorum meorum, concessi et reddidi Deo et Beato 
Nicholao et matrici ecclesie de Horneseia necnon et abbatie Sancte 
Marie Eboracensis quicquid ad me pertinebat in eadem ecclesia 
et ipsam etiam ecclesiam quantum ad me pertinet cum pertinentiis 
suis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ; ita 
quod ego et heredes mei nihil in ea vel propter earn debeamus 
querere preter orationes et elemosinas. Hanc elemosinam simili 
pietate mota uxor mea Milisent prona et spontanea devotione 
fecit et similiter sicut et ego concessit. Illud quoque sciendum 
est quod sicut hactenus consuetudinis fuit ita amodo semper 
divina officia in supramemorata ecclesia celebrabuntur. Hanc 
concessionem feci pro salute animarum patris et matris mee, 
necnon pro salute mea et uxoris mee et omnium parentum 
meorum et propria carta mea confirmavi. Notandum est preterea 
quod quando hanc concessionem feci, exceptis aliis que ante 
possidebat, de uno tophto 1 propria liberalitate predictam auxi 
ecclesiam. His testibus, Roberto de Acclum, Ricardo sacerdote, 
Radulfo clerico, Ranulfb de Rednesse, R[icardo] de Hedun, 
Waltero et Willelmo fratribus suis, Symone clerico, et multis 
aliis. 



1349. Grant by Matilda de Scures to Henry de Scures of i bovate 
in (Long) Riston, next on the southern side to the bovate of 
St. John (of Beverley), with a dwelling, to hold by rendering 

1 " tosheo " in the MS. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: RISTON, HEIGHOLME 67 

a pair of spurs worth 4^. and doing forinsec service. n8<;- 

T 1 r**r\ J 



I2OO. 



Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 114. 

Omnibus fidelibus visuris et audituris literas has Matildis de 
Scures salutem. Sciatis quod ego in libera potestate mea 
constituta dedi, concessi, et presenti carta confirmavi Henrico 
de Scures propter servitium et homagium suum unam bovatam 
terre in territorio de Riston, scilicet illam bovatam que propin- 
quior est bovate Sancti Johannis ex australi parte, cum ilia mansura 
quam Willelmus pistor tenuit, cum omnibus pertinentiis intra 
villam et extra ei et heredibus suis in feodo et hereditate, libere 
tenendam de me et de heredibus meis dando nobis annuatim 
quedam calcaria pretio quatuor denariorum tantum, infra octavas 
Pentecostes pro omnibus servitiis que ad nos pertinent et faciendo 
forinsecum servitium regis et comitis quod currit per totum 
wapentak tantum, et nichil amplius. Et concedimus ut hanc 
predictam terram libere donet ubi voluerit, salvo predicto servitio 
nostro et antedicto forinseco servitio. Hiis testibus, Nicholao 
sacerdote, Willelmo de Paghle, Petro Grimbald, Alexandro de 
Tunstall, etc. 

Turgis de Bray confirmed this gift, which was probably made after his 
marriage to Matilda, sister and heir of Robert and William de Scures. He 
died before 27 June, 1200, when William 'de Funtenay and Matilda (de 
Scures) his wife quit-claimed to Robert, abbot of St. Mary's, York, for 10 
marks, their right in the advowson of the church of (Long) Riston. 1 Between 
1 2 ip and 1220 Henry de Scures gave this bovate to Meaux with his body, 
subject to the rent named in the charter, then due to Walter de Scures, 
who had succeeded to the estate of Long Riston.* 

1350. Confirmation by Matilda de Scures to the monks of Meaux of 
the gift of the Holme between Leven and Burshill, which 
Robert de Scures, the donor's brother, gave to them. 1175- 
1200. 

Chartul. of Meaux; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 131. 

Omnibus ad quos presens carta pervenerit Matildis de Scures 
salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse et presenti 
carta confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Melsa 
donationem illam quam Robertus de Scures frater meus fecit 
eis, scilicet totum suum Holm quod est inter Levene et Bristhill 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis; in liberam, puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, solutam et quietam ab omni terreno servitio et con- 
suetudine et exactione seculari, sicut carta Roberti quam inde 
habent testatur. Quare volo ut prefati monachi habeant et 
teneant predictum Holm cum omnibus pertinentiis, aysiamentis, 
et libertatibus suis ubicunque, bene et in pace, integre.et honori- 
fice, sicut aliqua elemosina liberius et melius teneri potest. Et 

1 Yorks. Fines, pt. I, 4. Cf. Chron. de Melsa, 304. 
a ib-> 365 ; Chartul., f. 1141?. 



68 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ego et heredes mei hec omnia ad opus predictorum monachorum 
defendemus et warantizabimus contra omnes homines imperpe- 
tuum. Hiis testibus : Ada de Torne, Johanne de Risum, Petro 
Gilbert et ceteris. 

The land was a carucate in Heigholme, the site being now indicated 
by Heigholme Hall, and had been given to the monks of Meaux by Robert 
de Scures and confirmed by his brother and heir William. 1 The monks 
recovered it in 1187, as the next deed shows, after a recognition of mart 
d 'ancestor* from those who held it, probably as the tenants of the abbey. 

1351. Fine levied in the king's court on the day of St. Mary 
Magdalene, 33 Henry II (22 July, 1187) before Godfrey de 
Luci, Josceline archdeacon of Chichester and William Vava- 
sour, justices, between the abbot and convent of Meaux and 
Osbert son of Godfrey and Ralph de Flinton concerning a 
carucate in Heigholme, formerly of Alan de Scures. Osbert 
and Ralph quit-claimed the carucate to the abbot and monks 
of Meaux, who gave them 6oj. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 



Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis die Sancte 
Marie Magdalene anno regni regis Henrici secundi xxxiii . coram 
Godefrido de Luci et Jocelino Cicestrensi archidiacono et Willelmo 
Vavasur tune justiciariis domini regis et aliis baronibus et fidelibus 
domini regis qui tune ibi aderant, inter abbatem et conventum de 
Melsa et Osbertum filium Godefridi et Radulfum de Flinton de 
una carucata terre in Holm cum pertinentiis, scilicet que fuit 
Alani de Scures ; unde recognitio de morte antecessorum sum- 
monita fuit inter predictum abbatem et predictum Osbertum et 
Radulfum, scilicet quod Osbertus et Radulfus predicti quietam 
clamaverunt de se et heredibus suis predicto abbati et monachis 
de Melsa predictam carucatam terre in Holm cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis et totum jus et clamium quod in ilia clamaverunt. Pro 
hac vero quieta clamatione dedit abbas et conventus de Melsa 
predictis Osberto et Radulfo Ix. solidos argenti. 

1352. Grant by William earl of Albemarle to Eufemia his niece, wife 
of Robert de Brus (II), 3 and her heirs that after his decease 
they shall have Dimlington (near Patrington), which he gave 
to her in marriage with Robert de Brus, because she has 
granted it to him for his support and maintenance for life ; 
for' which he gave her a gold ring and money. 1150-^.1160. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
I-43- 

W[illelmus] comes Albemarle omnibus has literas videntibus, 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Eufemie nepti mee, uxori Roberti 

1 See Chron. de Mclsa, i, 97. * ib., 221. 

3 Called " Le Meschin," lord of Annandale. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: HEIGHOLME, DIMLINGTON 69 

de Brus, et heredibus suis, quod post decessum meum habeant 
Dimelton cum pertinentiis, quam ei dedi in mari[t]agium quando 
earn dedi Roberto de Brus in uxorem, quoniam ipsa Eufemia illam 
concessit mihi tenendam tota vita mea pro adjutorio meo et manu- 
tenamento meo. Et precipio heredibus meis, quicunque fuerint, 
quatenus, me decedente, permittant et faciant predictam Eufemiam 
habere bene et in pace predictum mariagium, et pro illo tenendo 
tantum vita mea dedi ei annulum aureum et denarios. Testibus, 
Nicholao sacerdote de Sancto Michaele, Roberto vicario de 
Apelbi, Gaufrido capellano de Castello, Petro capellano R[oberti] 
de Brus, R. clerico, Gilberto Carbunel, Ivone dapifero, Ricardo 
Baard, Roberto arbalastario, Terrico camerario, Burr[ing], Milone, 
Gaufrido Carbunel, Roberto clerico, Willelmo clerico, Toma de 
Harenis, Johanne Arundel. 

This charter seems to have been issued in Lincolnshire, as it is attested 
by Robert, vicar of Appleby, and Geoffrey, chaplain of the castle (of Bytham). 
Several of the witnesses also attested the deed made between the earl of 
Albemarle and John de Meaux touching the surrender of Meaux to the 
earl in exchange for Bewick. This charter throws doubt upon the state- 
ment that the wife of Robert de Brus II, lord of Annandale, was a daughter 
of De Annan, lord of that dale, unless we presume that there had been a 
marriage prior to that which is here recorded. Euphemia and her husband 
attested a Castle Eden charter in the time of Ribald, son of Ralph, whose 
mother, Agnes, was the daughter of Robert Brus of Annandale, 1 possibly 
by the supposed first marriage. The charter of David, king of Scots, to the 
said Robert, and that of William, king of Scots, to Robert, the second of 
Annandale, are preserved among the charters of the Duchy of Lancaster.* 

The connexion of the family of Brus with the fee of Holderness is 
obscure. The mediate tenure of Mappleton &c. by Brus may be due to their 
being heirs general of William de Arches. The Stutevills, who held the 
tenement in demesne, had been enfeoffed by Arches or Brus. Towards the 
end of the i2th century Anselm de Stutevill, son of Roger, and grandson of 
Osmund de Stutevill, gave the church of Mappleton to the convent of St. 
Martin of Aumale. 3 At the death of Anselm, without issue, before 1199, 
his five sisters were his coheirs. In the year named Robert de Tateshale 

brought a plea of making a charter against Alice de Stutevill (relict of 

de Merlay), Herbert de St. Quintin and Agnes his wife, a third person and 
(Gundreda) his wife, Robert de Cramavill and Isabel his wife;* these 
ladies being four of the sisters and coheirs of Anselm. In 1206 Herbert de 
St. Quintin and Agnes his wife complained that the earl of Albemarle took 
their cattle and distrained them in their land of Mappleton for default of 
the homage, relief and service of Peter de Brus, chief lord of Mappleton, 
to whom Alice de Stutevill (or Merlay) then did the service of that land (as 
eldest coheir) and they held of her. 5 In 1212 Herbert and Agnes acknow- 
ledged that the advowson of the church of Mappleton was the right of 
Martin, abbot of Aumale.' In 1249 Roger de Merlay demanded against 
Peter de Brus that he should do to William des Forz, earl of Albemarle, the 
feudal obligations in respect of lands in Mappleton, Rowlston, and Owstwick, 

Add. MS. 20570. Pd. in Chartul. of Guisbro\ ii, 327. 
Deputy Keeper's Rep. xxxv, app., p. 12. 

Yorks. Fines, n. 450. 
R. Cur. Reg., ii, 80. 8 Cur. Reg. R., 43A, m. id. 

Yorks. Fines, n. 450. 



7O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

which the earl claimed from him. 1 In 1287 Peter de Brus (or his heirs) 
held 23 carucates in Mappleton, Owstwick and Dringhoe, which made i 
knight's fee.* 

1353. Grant by William de Stutevill (?) to the convent of Bridlington 
of land at Little Hill, near his intake, and land at Haghe 
Thornekar, saving the forinsec service of 2 bovates in the 
town of Routh which the convent holds, in which bovates the 
grantor has obtained an exchange for the lands herein granted 
to Bridlington. 1180-1200. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 231. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 307. 

Willelmus de Stutevilla cunctis sancte matris ecclesie filiis 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio con- 
firmasse ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridlintona in escambium tan- 
turn terre mee apud Little Hil quantum habeo de terra illius juxta 
meum ovenam, et tantum terre mee apud Haghe Thorneker quan- 
tum habeo de terra illius in crofto Hervei et Adam, salvo forinseco 
servitio plenarie de duabus bovatis terre quas eadem ecclesia 
habet in villa de Rutha, in quibus bovatis predictum escambium 
computatur. Hiis testibus, Simone capellano de Folketona, 
Ernal[do] sacerdote de Hilderthorp, W[ ] capellano archidia- 
coni de Loenays, T[ ] clerico de Ruda, Franc[one] de Bride- 
lingtfona], Henrico Silver, Gocelino clerico, Roberto clerico, 
Serlone Talun, R[oberto] filio Victoris, R[oberto] Joye, Benedicto, 
Adelelino de Dinibard, Malgero Mach. 

It is open to question whether the grantor was William de Scrutevill of 
Routh, 3 rather than William de Stutevill of Cottingham. Soon after the 
foundation of Meaux the earl of Albemarle gave to the monks the wood of 
Routh, which he had obtained from Alan de Scrutevill by exchange for 60 
acres of arable land in Aldbrough of much greater value.* This exchange 
led to a suit in 1231, when William de Scrutevill II demanded against 
William des Forz, earl of Albemarle, whom the abbot of Meaux called to 
warrant, 50 acres of wood in Routh. He cited this pedigree : From Alan 
seised in the time of Henry II the right descended to William his son and 
heir, and so to Alan as son and heir, and so to William the plaintiff, as son 
and heir. In reply, the earl says that he wonders much that William de- 
mands that wood from him, for he has it by descent from William Le Gros, 
his ancestor, to whom Alan I granted it in exchange for 2 bovates in 
Aldbrough ; further, that Alan I gave the bovates in marriage with Odelina 
his daughter, whose son William had a son Thomas who still holds the 
land. The earl put himself on the grand assize, and later the matter was 
settled by agreement. 8 In 1196 Alan de Scrutevill II released by fine 
to Amand de Sutton ~z\ carucates in Ganstead." In 1207 the same Alan 
demanded against Richard son of William 2 carucates in Paull. A grand 
assize was summoned between them, when Peter de Frismareis, Nicholas 
de Chavencurt, John de Risun and Robert de Watsande, summoned to 
elect 12 knights, elected Robert de Munceus, Hugh de Verli, William de 
Rocheford, William Ingeram, John de Hoketon, Warin de Vesci, Ralph 

1 Assize R. 997, m. $d. * Cal. of Inq., iv, 356 ; Kirkby's Quest, 372. 

3 Cf. Chron. de Me/sa, i, 364-5. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 83. 

6 Assize R. 1042, m. 13. Feet of F. (Pipe R. Soc.), xvii. 95. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: ROUTH, OUT NEWTON 71 

de Nevill, John de Birkin, Ellis de Fanecurt, Malger de Ergum, William 
de Schipwic, Walter de Fo[x]ton, Richard de Helpetot (i.e. Helperthorpe), 
Richard de Wivill, William Selvein, and Roger Mallevrer. 1 In the ensuing 
year Alan released the land to Richard. 2 

The same Alan and William his son confirmed to the monks 4 bovates 
in Routh, which they had acquired from the sons of a certain rector of 
Rputh. 3 William de Scrutevill II seems to have had issue, by Cecily his 
wife, two daughters, who married Peter, son of William de Ruda, and Henry 
de Hoton.* From one of these coheirs John de Ros, afterwards described 
as of Ringborough, held circa 1260 in Waghen 2 bov., Routh 4 car. and I 
bov., Carton 48 bov., of which the abbot of Thornton had 6 bov. (by the 
gift of Hanelac de Bydon ?), in Ringborough 32 bov. of the fee of Scrutevill 
(Stotevill). 6 In 1284-5 Jhn de Ros held 12 car. in these towns,' and in 
1287 John de Ros held 6 car. in Routh, Carton and Ringborough. 7 

1354. Notification by Walter de Tanet of his grant that, when Adam 
de Meaux shall obtain the licence of the grantor's chief lords, 
the said Adam shall hold of them in chief the half carucate in 
(Out) Newton which he holds of the grantor, with release of 
homage. 1145-1160. 

Evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 65. 
Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Walterus 
de Tanet concessi, quod quando Ada[m] de Melsa adquisierit 
grantum capitalium virorum meorum, quod in capita de eis teneat 
illam dimidiam carucatam terre cum pertinentiis suis in Newton 
quam de me tenet, [et] remisi ei et heredibus suis et quietum 
clamavi homagium et servitium suum de me et heredibus meis in 
perpetuum. Et ad hoc sigillum meum in testimonium apposui. 
Testibus hiis : Egidio de Gausele, Johanne de Melsa, Ranul[fo] 
vicecomite, Roberto de Scures, Radulfo de Grimeston, Ada de 
Thorne, Willelmo de Scures, Waltero de Redmere, Willelmo 
fratre ejus, et multis aliis. 

Equestrian seal. Legend: +SIGILLVM WALTERI DE TANET. 

In 1 1 66 one Reginald de Taneto was the feudal tenant of William de 
Mandeville, earl of Essex; 8 and tenant of 2 knights' fees under Hugh 
Wake. 9 In 1177 he was amerced for forest trespass in Essex. 10 

1355. Grant by Robert Talun to the canons of Bridlington of 4 
perches of land throughout the townfield of (Out) Newton, 
doing forinsec service due to the king and the earl. 1160- 

H75- 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 234^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 311. 

R[obertus] Talun u omnibus ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum 
sit vobis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio confirmasse 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridlintona et canonicis ibidem Deo 

1 Cur. Reg. R. 32, m. I. * Yorks. Fines, n. 321. 

3 Chron. de Melsa, 363. * 16. 8 Kirkby's Quest, 373-4. 

ib., 75. 7 Col. oflnq.,\\, 354- 

8 Red Bk., 346. ' #-. 379- 

10 Pipe A'., 23 Hen. II, 152. ll Cf. Chartul. of Brid., 164. 



72 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

servientibus in perpetuam elemosinam terram quam habui in 
Neutona, scilicet quatuor percatas per totum campum in omnibus 
suis pertinentiis ita liberam et quietam sicut earn habebam, 
scilicet faciendo forinsecum servitium quantum ad regem pertinet 
et ad comitem. Hiis testibus, Reinaldo presbitero, Godefrido 
Talun, Gaufrido de Alvestain, Baldewino de Haitfeld, W[altero~ 
de Briddeshal', Ernaldo Baggot', Guarino de Cotoin, W[illelmo 
et Osberto filiis Godefridi, 1 Serlone Talun filio meo, W[illelmo~ 
filio Serlonis Talun, Willelmo nepote meo, Tosti de Gamelinga. 

1356. Grant by Odo Fribois to the church of Bridlington of land in 
the borough of Skipsea castle, and confirmation of i bovate 
in Kelk given by Ada his sister and whatever Robert Talun 
gave in Kelk. 1160-1175. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 226. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 302. 

Odo Fribois omnibus ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum sit vobis 
me dedisse in perpetuam et liberam elemosinam ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Bridlintona quandam terram in burgo castelli de 
Skipse liberam et quietam ab omni seculari consuetudine, salva 
teneura quam Adam et heredes ejus habent in eadem terra. 
Preterea concessi eidem ecclesie et confirmavi unam bovatam 
terre in Kelka quam Ada soror mea dedit ipsi ecclesie in per- 
petuam et liberam elemosinam et unde ipsa et heredes ejus 
reddebant eidem ecclesie ii. solidos annuatim, faciendo forinsecum 
servitium. Concessi quoque eidem ecclesie et confirmavi quicquid 
Robertus Talun dedit eidem ecclesie in Kelca, sicut carta ejusdem 
Roberti testatur, in molendinis, in prato, in terra arabili, in 
pascuis et marisco, in viis et semitis, in coopertura et in omnibus 
que ad ipsa molendina pertinent et in ceteris omnibus que sunt 
expressa in carta Roberti, salvo servitio meo. Hiis testibus, 
magistro Gervasio, Godefrido Talun, Serlone filio Roberti Talun, 
Baldewino de Haitfeld, G[aufrido] de Alvestayn, T[homa] de 
Karethorp, Waltero filio Willelmi de Torp, Hugone et Gaufrido 
de Karethorp, H[enrico] de Bridel[intona], Alano coco, Simone de 
Lincolnia. 

Gilbert, son of Robert de Ormesby, founder of the priory of nuns and 
canons of the order of Gilbert of Sempringham at North Ormesby, co. Line., 
describes Odo de Fribois as his lord. 2 

Odo was perhaps ancestor or kinsman of Peter de Fribois, who appears 
in the next charter and was a tenant of Gant both in Lincolnshire and 
Yorkshire. Peter's son Geoffrey married Beatrice, daughter and coheir 
of Amand, the butler of the earl of Albemarle ; her sister Hawise married 
Alan de Surdevall. 3 About the year 1260 John de Fribois, son of Geoffrey 
and Beatrice, held 6 carucates in Holderness, namely 3 car. in Great Hat- 
field, 2 car. in Little Kelk, and i car. in Preston.* During the period 
1235-1249 John de Fribois, knt., had given to Meaux 6 bovates in 

1 Probably Godfrey Talun, a witness in n. 1356. 

1 Man. Angl., vi, 963. * Chron. de Mtlsa, i, 412. 

* Kirkby"! Quest, 372-377. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: SKIPSEA, BEEFORD 73 

Holmpton, which he had previously given to his two daughters ; he died a 
novice at Meaux. 1 Probably one of his daughters and coheirs married 
Henry de Cestrehunt, sheriff of Holderness 1241-2. About 1260 there 
were in Holmpton 8 car., of which the church had i\ car., and in Welwick 
Thorpe and Pensthorpe 20 bovates. 1 In 1284-5 William de Cestrehunt 
held io car., 3 and in 1287 n car. and 2 bovates in those places. 4 In 1304 
William was stated to be 50 years of age; Margery his mother had been 
married in 1283 to John de Ursewyck of Lonsdale, co. Lane. 5 

The probability of a connexion between Odo de Fribois and John de 
Fribois is strengthened by the fact that in 1242-3 Henry de Ormsby held 
the i6th part of a fee in North Ormesby of John de Fribois, who held of the 
earl of Albemarle ; 6 and half a fee in Barrow was held of John son of 
Gregory, who held of William de Dyve of the same fee. 7 

There was, however, another fee in Holderness held by a family named 
Fribois, the descent of which is obscure. One Hugh de Fribois was amerced 
in 1176 for forest trespass in Yorkshire. 8 Possibly his son and heir was 
Robert de Fribois, who recovered lands against Richard de Frisemareis in 
1200 by a recognition of mart d'ancestor, namely 8J carucates in Holmp- 
ton, (Welwick) Thorpe and Pensthorpe (Penegestorp}. Of this tenement 
Robert gave Richard 12 bovates in Holmpton. 9 In 1209 Martin, abbot of 
Aumale, acknowledged that the advowson of the chapel of Holmpton was 
the right of Robert de Fribois, who was to present a chaplain to the prior 
of Aumale, or to the prior of the mother church of Withernsea, whenever 
the chapel was void, and the prior was to present him to the archbishop. 10 

Certain pleadings help to throw light on the relationship of Robert and 
John de Fribois. In 1228 Amand de Newton was essoin of John de Fribois 
in a plea against Isabel, daughter of Richard de Frisemareis, concerning 8 
bov. in Holmpton, which were adjudged to be the right of Isabel. 11 In 1242 
Amice, relict of Robert de Fribois, demanded against John de Fribois her 
dower in the manors of Pensthorpe and Holmpton. 12 It seems possible 
that Robert de Fribois was first cousin of Geoffrey, and that John, the son 
of Geoffrey, was heir both to his father and to Robert (his cousin ?). 

As to the above-named Hawise de Surdevall, Geoffrey Berchaud about 
1260 held 6 car. in Holderness, apparently as her coheir. 18 In 1287 the 
heir of Geoffrey Berchaud held 10 car. in Out Newton, Great Hatfield, 
Hilston, Tansterne, Wassand, and Benningholme. 14 

1357. Grant by Peter de Fribois to the canons of Bridlington .of a 
bovate in Barrow(-upon-Humber), in exchange for the bovate 
in Beeford which Peter son of Toke gave when he took the 
habit at Bridlington. 1180-1190. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 265^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B. t 350. 

Petrus de Friboys omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio 
confirmasse ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridelintona et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus, in liberam et perpetuam elernosinarn, 
unam bovatam terre in Barua cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in 

1 Chron. de Me/sa, ii, 28-9. * Kirkby's Quest, 372-377. 

ib., 76. * Col. of Ing., iv, 353. 356- 

5 U I?I . Testa, 3 I83 

7 ib., 315^. " && *> 22 Hen - n II2< 

Yorks. Fines, n. 12. 10 #-, n. 434- 

11 Cur. Reg. R. 98, m. II. 1Z #. 124, m- 22. 

13 Kirkby's Quest, 372-37? ' M CaL 'f 1*9- 1V - 353. 355- 



74 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

escambium illius bovate terre in Biford quam Petrus films 
Tocconis secum dedit prefate ecclesie quando ibidem habitum 
religionis suscepit, salvo forinseco servitio. Hiis testibus, Gau- 
frido et Petro 1 qui interfuerunt et concenserunt huic donation!, 
s., 2 Hamone filio Drogonis, Serlone Talun, R[ ] clerico, G[ ] 
filio Henrici, Johel' clerico, Reginaldo Pincegu[er], J[ohanne] de 
Northfolk, Suano, Willelmo Filiol, Petro de Burtona. 

1358. Grant by Ernald de Montbegon to the canons of Bridlington 
of the church of Beeford with the chapel. 1157-1170. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 244. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartttl. of S., 323. 

Omnibus ecclesie filiis E[rnaldus] de Munbeg[un] salutem. 
Notum sit vobis me dedisse et presentis carte testimonio con- 
firmasse canonicis ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridlintona ecclesiam 
de Beforde, cum capella et omnibus rebus ad earn pertinentibus, 
in perpetuam elemosinam, pro animabus antecessorum meorum 
et pro redemptione peccatorum meorum et pro salute anime mee 
et omnium parentum et amicorum meorum. Hiis testibus, 
Roberto capellano qui huic donationi interfuit et assensum 
prebuit, magistro Gervasio, Willelmo capellano de Beford, Alano 
capellano de Dutinton, Stephano de Erghum, Willelmo filio 
Turoldi. 

The confirmation charter of Henry II, issued to the canons of Bridling- 
ton before July, 1157, does not mention the above gift. After 1160 Isaac 
de Skeftlynge gave to the Cistercians of Meaux 12 bovates in Dunning- 
ton, par. Beeford, of the fee of Ernald de Montbegon, reserving the tofts ; 
but afterwards Ernald withdrew half a carucate of the land and gave it to 
a woman named Jueta of 'Dunnington (Dodyngton), by whom he had a son. 
After some protest by the monks he confirmed the 12 bovates to Meaux. 3 
Before this time the earl of Albemarle had given to the Knights Templars 
6 car. in Beeford of the fee of Ernald de Montbegon, out of 12 car. in that 
town, and 6 car. in' Dunnington, also of Ernald's fee, with his service. 4 The 
history of these tenements is given at length in the Chronicle already cited. 

The next link in the descent of this fee is obscure. Possibly Montbe- 
gon's land passed to the family of Oiry. Giles de Gousle married Emma, 
daughter of Fulk de Oiry, and may have acquired a third part of Beeford 
with his wife. About the year 1260 Giles de Gousle had 4 carucates there ; B 
and in 1287 Peter de Gousle had 3 carucates there. 8 

1359. Notification by Thomas, abbot, and the chapter of St. Mary 
of Thornton that, whereas contention has arisen between their 
canons and those of Bridlington, both claiming the church 
of Beeford as the alleged gift of Ernald de Montbegon to 
themselves, whereby their old relations of friendship have 
been impaired, by the advice of each convent the fruits of 

1 Perhaps the sons of the grantor. * " scilicet "(?). 

* Chron. de Melsa, i, 161. * ib., 162. 

Kirkby's Quest, 373. Col. of Inq., iv, 353. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : BEEFORD, SWINE 75 

that church are to be distributed equally between them. 
1175-1184. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 244. Abstr. in Lancaster's Ckartul. of B^ 323. 

T[homas] abbas et capitulum ecclesie Sancte Marie Toren- 
t[une] universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. Cum inter 
nos et dilectissimos fratres nostros canonicos de Bridelintona 
super ecclesia de Beford orta fuisset contentio, utrisque in dona- 
tione Ernaldi de Munbeg[un] intentionem suam fundentibus 
et ea ratione eandem ecclesiam sibi vendicare conantibus, inter 
ecclesias prius amicissimas per aliquot annos simultatis amari- 
tudo duravit. Verum ne immensum (?) studia partium invale- 
scerent et diuturna litis protractio superne pacis bonum eliminaret, 
ex consilio utriusque collegii a litigandi intentione ea recessum 
est ut in usus utriusque conventus memorate ecclesie fructus in 
perpetuum cederent pro medietate ratione equaliter utrique dis- 
tribuendi. Optimum enim visum est superne pacis unitatem ex 
partitionis divisione reformari quani conturbare ceperat totius 
captata possessio. 

The ownership of the advowson of the church of Beeford was further 
complicated by the grant before 1 185 of the church with 12 bovates and the 
chief messuage by Ernald de Montbegon to the Templars. 1 This was 
arranged by a fine in 1200 between Ellis, prior of Bridlington, and the 
Templars, by which a mediety of the advowson was assigned to each 
party. 2 



1360. Notification by Hugh de Puiset, treasurer and archdeacon of 
the church of York, that he had confirmed to the nuns of the 
order of St. Benedict the church of St. Mary of Swine, be- 
longing to his archdeaconry, with its belongings, by the 
concession of brother Robert de Verli, whose church it was 
acknowledged to be. 1141-1153. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 259. Pd. in Man. AngL, v, 494^. 

H[ugo] de Pusat, Dei gratia Eboracensis ecclesie thesaurarius, 
necnon archidiaconus, omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis tam presenti- 
bus quam futuris cum Dei benedictione salutem. Notum vobis 
sit ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Suine meo archidiaconatui attin- 
[gjentem, cum omnibus rebus eidem pertinentibus atque conces- 
sis, sanctimonialibus secundum institutionem Sancti Benedict! 
Deo devote ibidem servientibus divine respectu remunerationis 
ac concessione fratris Roberti de Verli, cujus ipsa ecclesia esse 
dinoscitur, me firmiter concessisse. Hoc itaque pie devotionis 
inceptum, quatinus ad honorem Creatoris convenientius insti- 

* Man. AngL, vi, 836. * Yorks. Fines, n. ^. See also Feet ofF., 41, n. 32. 



76 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

tuatur atque perficiatur, presentis scripture aminiculo ac proprio 
sigillo communiri feci. Valete. 

Sketch of seal, 

It is unfortunate that the name of the possessor of Swine and Winstead, 
in succession to Richard de Verli living 1115-18, and preceding Hugh de 
Verli, who held them in 1 166, is not known. It is probable that he was the 
real founder of the Cistercian priory of Swine, and that Robert de Verli, 
possibly his brother, was merely the parson of the church of Swine, and as 
such gave his consent to the gift of the church to the nuns then established 
at Swine. Robert de Verly attested a notification made in the chapter at 
Hedon by John, the treasurer of York (II54-II63). 1 

Pope Alexander III affirmed by bull the immunity from all tithes of 
lands tilled by the nuns of Swine and Nun Cotun, either by their own hands 
or at their own charges, in accordance with the indult to the Cistercian 
order. This was issued at Venice in the Rialto, 4 nones of August (i 177).* 

1361. Grant by Erenburga de Burton, the wife of Ulbert the 
constable, to the brethren and sisters of Swine of a carucate 
in Fraisthorpe which lies in the northern part of that town 
towards Bridlington, with the men dwelling on it, doing 
forinsec service of the king and the chief lords belonging 
to i carucate where 7 carucates make a knight's fee; which 
land was of her own patrimony and inheritance. 1155-1170. 

Transcript of the original formerly penes William Constable of Flamborough, 
bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 71. Pd. in Mon. Angl., v, 494 ; from St. 
Mary's Tower records. 

Omnibus fidelibus has literas visuris vel audituris Erenburch 
de Burtona, uxor Ulberti constabularii, salutem. Sciatis me con- 
cessisse et dedisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Suina et fratribus et sororibus ibidem 
Deo servientibus unam carucatam terre in Freistingthorp cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis in pratis et pasturis, in marisco, in aquis, 
in viis et semitis et in omnibus ejusdem ville aisiamentis, videlicet 
illam carucatam terre que apud Brellincton in parte aquilonari 
predicte ville jacet exterior, cum hominibus in eadem terra 
manentibus, in perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab 
omni servitio et consuetudine humana ad me et ad heredes meos 
pertinente, faciendo forinsecum servitium regis et superiorum 
dominorum quodcunque pertinet ad unam carucatam [terre] unde 
septem faciunt servitium unius militis. Hanc donationem feci de 
patrimonio et hereditate mea Deo et sancte religioni pro salute 
anime mee et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum. 
Ego etiam et heredes mei debemus earn manutenere et waranti- 
zare ad opus prenominate ecclesie contra omnes homines imper- 
petuum. Hii sunt testes, Isaac clericus, Thoroldus presbiter 
Sancti Nicholai in Beverl[aco], Willelmus de Kaitona, Willelmus 

1 Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 329. 

* From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. ; Mon. 
Angl., v, 494. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: FRAISTHORPE, SWINE 77 

Halthen, Robertus Jurdan, Hugo de Frisb[i], Radulfus frater 
ejus, Hugo de Verli, Amandus pincerna, Willelmus de Scrutevill, 1 
Stephanus de Merflet, Willelmus filius ejus, Amandus de Button, 
Ricardus filius Saeri, Thomas de Melsa, Symon [de] Kamerinton, 
Petrus 2 de Aldeb[urch], Willelmus Cokerill, Walterus de Fris- 
mar[eis], Robertus de Ulram, Stephanus de Killum, Willelmus 
de Oketon, Thomas de Winest[ede], Robertus de Gloucestr[ia], 
Alanus Jurdan, Willelmus del Furn, 3 Robertus de Kare, 
Radulfus de Risa, Willelmus de Halsham, Thomas de Alost, 
Stephanus et Johannes fratres [ejus] etc. 

No seal. 

It appears probable that Erneburga made this alms to the brethren and 
nuns of Swine after the death of Ulbert her husband and during the 
minority of his son and heir, Robert the constable. In the time of Henry 
III, Matilda, prioress of Swine and the convent, granted to the canons of 
Bridlington 10 bovates and 8 tofts in the town of Fraisthorpe, which the 
grantors had by the gift of Ermeburga and the confirmation of Robert the 
constable, her son, in exchange for land in Holme-on-the-Wolds. 4 It is 
noteworthy that the carucate in Fraisthorpe was held of the fee of Gant and 
formed part of a knight's fee consisting of 7 carucates. The carta of earl 
Simon returned in 1166 does not disclose the name of the then tenant of 
this fee. 



1362. Confirmation by Henry II to the nuns of Swine of the 
churches and lands which had been given to them. 1163- 
1172. 

Charter R., 33 Edward I, m. 3. Pd. in Cal. Chart. R., iii, 62. 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum, archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
justiciariis, comitibus, baronibus, vicecomitibus, ministris et 
omnibus fidelibus suis Anglic, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Swyna in per- 
petuam elemosinam et monialibus ibidem Deo servientibus 
ecclesias et omnes terras et tenuras que eis rationabiliter date 
sunt sicut carte donatorum testantur. Quare volo et firmiter 
precipio quod predicta ecclesia de Swyna et moniales ibidem Deo 
servientes ecclesias et omnes terras et tenuras que eis rationa- 
biliter date sunt habeant et in perpetuam elemosinam teneant 
bene et in pace et libere et quiete et integre et honorifice cum 
omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus in pratis, in 
pascuis, in viis et semitis, in aquis, in piscariis, in insulis, in 
marisco, infra burgum et extra, in omnibus locis et in omnibus 
rebus. Testibus, G[aufrido] archi[diacon]o Cantuariensi, Wil- 
lelmo filio Audelini, apud Wodestocam. 

1 " Scuttville " ; MS. * " Peir " or " Leir " in MS. 

3 Perhaps " Fnrr." Seen. 1365 below. 
* Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 201. 



78 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1363. Notification by Henry II that he has taken into his protection 
the house of Swine, the master, canons, brethren and nuns 
of that house ; and precept to his ministers and others to 
protect and uphold them, their men, lands, goods and 
chattels, that they shall not be impleaded touching their 
demesne tenements save before the king or his chief justice ; 
and acquittance from toll throughout the realm and the sea- 
ports of all goods which their men or servants can affirm to 
be the property of, or for the use of, that house. 1181. 
Charter R., 33 Edward I, m. 3. Pd. in Cal. Charter R., iii, 6l. 

H[enricus] Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, archidiaconis, decanis, comitibus, baronibus, justicia- 
riis, vicecomitibus et omnibus ministris et fidelibus suis totius 
Anglic, salutem. Sciatis quod suscepi in manum et custodiarn 
et protectionem meam domum de Swyna et magistrum ejus- 
dem domus et canonicos et fratres et sanctimoniales ibidem Deo 
servientes et omnes terras et homines et res et possessiones suas 
et omnia catalla sua; et ideo precipio quod eandem domum et 
magistrum ipsius domus et canonicos et fratres et sanctimoniales 
in ea domo servientes et terras et homines et omnes res et 
possessiones suas et omnia catalla sua et quecunque ad domum 
illam spectant custodiatis et manuteneatis et protegatis sicut 
mea propria, ita quod nee inde nee de libertatibus aut liberis con- 
suetudinibus suis ullam molestiam vel injuriam aut gravamen vel 
vexationem eis faciatis nee fieri permittatis, et de nullo tenemento 
quod in dominico suo teneant ponantur in placitum nisi coram me 
vel capitali justicia mea ; et precipio quod quietanciam habeant 
de omni theoloneo quod ad me pertinet per totam terram meam 
Anglic tam per terram quam per aquam et in portubus maris de 
omnibus rebus quas homines vel servientes eui poterunt affidare 
suas esse proprias et ad proprios usus suos ; et si quis eis super 
hoc in aliquo forisfacere presumpserit plenariam eis inde sine 
dilatione justitiam fieri faciatis. Testibus, Hugone Murdach, 
Rannulpho de Glanvilla, Michaele Belet, Willelmo Bending, apud 
Kaerl[eolum]. 

It will be seen that since the issue of the king's earlier charter to Swine 
some change had taken place in the constitution of the house. The original 
foundation appears to have been for nuns alone, as shown by the previous 
charter ; now there are a master, canons, brethren and nuns. 1 The master 
was named Robert, and he occurs as early as H75- 2 Once he is styled 
" Robert, prior of Swine," in a charter of Robert son of Hugh (de Tateshale). 8 
The nuns are called Benedictine in Hugh de Puiset's charter above 
(n. 1360) and were of the Cistercian branch, according to the bull of 
Alexander III there referred to. 

Various royal confirmations, attested by those who witness these letters 

1 See n. 1361 above. * Chartul. of Rievaulx, 82. 

* Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 364. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: SWINE, THARLESTHORPE 79 

of protection and issued at York, Knaresborough, Richmond and Carlisle 
indicate that the date is m August, 1181. Eyton 1 found no indications of 
the king's northward progress further than Richmond, but this document 
shows that he travelled to Carlisle, by Brough and Appleby. To the 
burgesses of the last-named place he granted at Richmond a charter of 
liberties, 2 for which they had paid 40 marks during the fiscal year which 
ended at Michaelmas, 



1364. Grant by Robert the constable (of Halsham) to the monks of 
Meaux of his demesne of Tharlesthorpe, to hold by doing 
forinsec service belonging to 5 bovates, whereof 8 carucates 
make a knight's fee. The gift was made before earl William 
de Mandevill at Lambeth by his request and with his consent, 
at Whitsuntide in the year 1188, being the year after that in 
which the king of France and Henry king of England took 
the cross, and in the lifetime of William, the grantor's 
brother. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii 
f. 244. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris visuris vel audituris literas has Robertus constabularius 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac presenti carta 
confirmasse Deo et Beate Marie et monachis de Melsa totum 
dominium meum de Tarlestorp in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis infra villam et extra, ut habeant 
illud usque adeo integre et plenarie sicut ego ipse tenui illud eo 
die quo saisivi eos in hanc terram ; faciendo pro eo tantummodo 
forinsecum servitium quantum pertinet ad quinque bovatas terre 
de eo feodo unde octo karucate terre faciunt feudum militis. Hec 
autem mea donatio et concessio coram comite Willelmo de 
Mandevill apud Lambewat est facta, non solum assensu set et 
petitione ejus, vivente adhuc Willelmo fratre meo, anno ab 
incarnatione Domini M.C. octogesimo octavo ad Pentecosten, 
videlicet proximum annum quern rex Francorum et Henricus rex 
Anglorum acceperunt crucem voventes iter Jerosolimitanum. 
Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Otringham, Waltero [de] Bovington. 

The donor of this land was one of those who went the crusade with 
king Richard in 1190, being then "an old man and full of days." His 
demesne of Tharlesthorpe extended to 500 acres which, with the chief 
messuage, he gave to the monks of Meaux, accepting from them a loan of 
1 60 marks for the expenses of his projected journey, and pledging his towns 
of Tharlesthorpe and Halsham to them until they had obtained repayment of 
those 160 marks. His successor would have been his brother William, had 
the latter survived, which he did not. Robert son of William succeeded his 
uncle Robert, and confirmed this gift, acquitting the monks of all service 
except forinsec service in accordance with the terms of this charter.* 

Robert the constable the elder, seneschal of William de Mandeville, 

1 Itin. of Hen. II, 242. 

* Nicholson and Burn, Cumb. and Westmld., i, 3io. 

3 Pipe R., 25 Hen. II, 26. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 220. 



80 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

earl of Essex, died in the siege of Acre, in 1 190 or 1 191. l There was a suit 
in 1207 between Robert the constable, the younger, and Morgan, provost of 
Beverley;* in 1212 Robert made acknowledgment to Morgan that the 
church of Halsham was the right of St. John of Beverley by the gift of 
Robert the constable, his uncle. 3 In 1284-5 Simon Constable held 10 car. 
in Burton Constable and elsewhere.* 

1365. Acknowledgement by William del Fur that he will not make 
any claim against any tenant of Robert the constable (of 
Halsham II) save by his advice and consent; that if he 
makes claim to any land of Robert's tenants the land shall 
revert to Robert, who will pay him for his reasonable ex- 
penses in making such claims. 1203-1220. 

Evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 66d. 
Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus 
del Fur nullum clamium ponam vel calumniam adversus aliquem 
tenentium de Roberto constabulario nisi per assensum et con- 
sensum et consilium ejus. Et cum aliquod clamium vel calumniam 
per preceptum Roberti constabularii adversus aliquem habuero 
vel proposuero et prosecutus fuero et aliquam terram de aliquo 
perquirere valeam, terra remaneat Roberto constabulario ita quod 
ipse Robertus constabularius consilio amicorum suorum et meorum 
mihi expensas rationabiles de clamis et calumniis ill[is] acquieta- 
bit et insuper mihi aliquam gratiam de pecunia sua faciet. Hanc 
conventionem pro me et heredibus meis Roberto constabulario et 
heredibus suis legittime et sine dolo tenendam et faciendam juravi 
et hanc cartam presentem sigillo meo confirmavi. Hiis testibus: 
Jordano abbate de Thoert[ona], Fulk' de Oyri, Willelmo de Oyri, 
Willelmo de Rue, Johanne clerico de Humbelton, Hereberto de 
Flinton, Willelmo de Holeb[eche ?], Ranulfo vicecomite, Willelmo 
de Walsoken, Roberto, Gileberto, Ricardo fratribus suis, Golding, 
Galfrido clerico, Petro clerico, Waltero mag[istro], Thoma del Fur. 

Seal (letters in italics are reversed or inverted) : 

+ SIGILLVM VVILIELUI T)EL. FVR. 

1366. Grant by William de Ottringham I and Richard his brother 
to the canons of Bridlington of the church of St. Wilfrid of 
Ottringham with the croft called Aldecroft; and grant by 
the same Richard of the tithes of his mill and of offerings 
made to him at Christmas and Easter. For this the 
canons will put there as many canons as the place will support. 
c. 1 134-1 1 38. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 247. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. ofB., f. 327. 
Notum sit omnibus quod Willelmus de Otringham et Ricardus 
frater ejus dederunt ecclesie Sancte Marie de Brid[lintona] et 

1 Roger de ffoveden, iii, 89. 2 Abbreviat. Plac., 57. 

8 Yorks. Fines, n. 454. For the pleadings see Cur. Reg. R., 54, m. 2; 56, m. 
l&d., m. 2$d. * Kirkby's Quest, 75 ; Cal. of Inq., iv, 354, 357. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: HALSHAM, OTTRINGHAM gl 

canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus in liberam, puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam ecclesiam Sancti Wilfridi de Otringham cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis et libertatibus et cum crofto de Aldecroft im- 
perpetuum. Preterea predictus Ricardus dedit eidem ecclesie 
decimam cujusdam molendini sui et decimas presentorum suo- 
rum in Natali Domini et in Pascha. Et canonici de Brid[lintona] 
ponent ibi tot canonicos quot secundum considerationem capituli 
locus sustentare poterit. Si quis autem heredum hanc elemosinam 
infringere voluerit a Deo et omnibus sanctis ejus excommunicatus 
sit imperpetuum. Hiis testibus, Anschetillo capellano de Scarde- 
burg, Symone clerico, Gamello et Petro et Odone fil[io] Johannis 
et Johanne filio suo ; Ricardo filio Auti de Lincolnia. 

Odo, son of John, attests a charter of Walter de Gant to Bridlington in 
the time of archbishop Thurstan. 1 Outi or Auti de Lincoln was a royal 
falconer or dealer in falcons, who owed 100 Norwegian hawks and loo 
gerfalcons to the crown in U3o. 2 

Richard de Ottringham 3 was heir to his brother William, and had issue 
William, the seneschal of William Le Gros, earl of Albemarle, and Agnes. 
William the seneschal had issue Margaret, of doubtful legitimacy, who 
married Simon de Lindon ; Agnes his sister married, firstly, Simon de 
Lasceles, by whom she had John de Lasceles, and, secondly, Martin Martel, 
by whom she had Robert. 4 

In 1167 William de Ottringham II was amerced for default in his appeal.' 
As William, son of Richard de Ottringham, he gave before 1181 to the 
nuns of Cotun a messuage in Killingholme, co. Line.* In 1 181 he obtained 
a recognition touching land in Yorkshire against Hugh de Verli. 7 Three 
years later Hugh paid a fine to be quit touching the nature of his oath in a 
plea of land against William de Ottringham. 8 The latter was living during 
the period 1183-1189,* and as late as 1191, when the sheriff accounted for 
his debt of 12 due to Aaron the Jew. 10 He died before 1194, when 
Simon de Lindon and Margaret his wife sued Martin Martel and Agnes his 
wife for a 4th part of a fee in Ottringham, late of William de Ottringham, 
father of Margaret, whose heir Simon claimed that Margaret was. 11 At 
the same time Simon sued John de Lasceles for 4 carucates in [Ottringham ?] 
and 4 virgates in Killingholme (Btlmingholm),\a.te of William de Ottringham, 
whose heir Simon's mother was, as he alleged. 11 In September, 1195, they 
made an agreement ; 13 but in 1200 Lasceles proffered y>m. for an inquiry 
whether William de Ottringham ever married Lecia de Cowlum, the mother 
of Margaret, wife of Simon de Lindon. 14 In 1203 William de Bilton 
caused John de Lasceles to be put to pledges to answer him at Westminster, 
whereupon he put his brothers in seisin of -2.\ carucates in Ottringham and 
(North) Duffield. 15 

1 Chartul. of B., 26. 2 R- Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, in. 

8 Cal. Chart. R., ii, 440, n. 9, temp. Stephen. 

4 Line. Fines, 4. 6 Pipe R., 13 Hen. II, 91. 

Man. Angl., v, 677. 7 Pipe R., 27 Hen. II, 45. 

8 t'6., 30 Hen. II, 38. ' Guisbro' Chartul., n. 964. 

10 Pipe R., 3 Ric. I. u # Cur. Reg., i, 77. 

ib., 78. 

14 to., 337 ; Line. Fines, 4. See also Cur. Reg. R., 48, m. 9. 
14 R. de Oblat.,^. 

16 Pipe R., 5 John. William also demanded lands in those places against Simon 
and Tebbe his brothers, and Thomas de Bilton ; Cur. Reg. R., 33, m. 4. 
Ill F 



82 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

John de Lasceles had a son William, father of another William, who in 
1284-5 held 10 (or 12) carucates in Ottringham, (North) Frodingham, 
Coniston and Seaton, all in Holderness. 1 

1367. Notification by Thurstan archbishop of York of his confirma- 

tion to the canons of Bridlington, with the consent of William 
the knight (of Ottringham) of the church of Ottringham with 
its fruits ; and confirmation, with the consent of Evrard son 
of Peter (de Ros) of the church of Atwick, saving the allow- 
ance of the chaplain ministering there. ^.1130-1133. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 321. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 430. 

T[urstinus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
parochianis Sancti Petri salutem. Noverit universitas vestra nos 
concessisse et dedisse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridlintona 
et fratribus in ipsa regulariter viventibus, consensu W[illelmi] 
militis, ecclesiam de Otringham cum omnibus fructibus et perti- 
nentiis suis ad eorum sustentationem imperpetuum. Hujus con- 
cessionis et donation is nostre testes sunt Hugo decanus, Adel- 
oldus prior, 2 Willelmus thesaurarius, H[ugo] cantor. Concessimus 
etiam eisdem fratribus, consensu Everardi filii Petri, ecclesiam de 
Attingwik, salva tamen aliqua portione in ea ad opus capellani 
qui eidem ecclesie ministraverit. 

1368. Notification by John treasurer of York that Thori of Ottring- 
ham before him and the chapter at Hedon quit-claimed to 
the canons of Bridlington land in Ottringham which the 
canons have, for himself and his heirs, namely Alan his 
son, Baldwin de Biford and Picot de Otringham. 1154- 
1163. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 248. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 329. 

Universis sancte ecclesie filiis Johannes thesaurarius Ebo- 
racensis salutem. Notum sit vobis quod Thori de Otringham 
veniens in presentiam nostram et capituli apud Hedonam quietam 
clamavit de se et de omnibus heredibus suis in perpetuum calump- 
niam quam habuerat in terram de Otringham quam canonici de 
Bridlintona tenent, et si quid juris habuerat in eadem terra sive 
in ejus pertinentiis totum concessit et donavit Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Bridelintona in perpetuam elemosinam ; assisten- 
tibus sibi et consentientibus atque in eandem actionem coope- 
rantibus, tarn pro se quam pro heredibus suis, Alano filio ipsius, 
Baldewino de Biford et Picoto de Otringham. Hiis testibus, 
Roberto de Verly, Waltero de Rudstan, Odone de Otringham, 
Isaac clerico, Warnero capellano, Normanno pincerna, R[ 
capellano, Serlone Talun, Roberto de Niutona, magistro Rogero, 
T[homa] de Ruda, R[oberto] de Sprotelay, Petro de Attingwyk, 

1 Kirktys Quest, 75 ; Cal. of Inq., iv, 353. * Of Nostell. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: OTTRINGHAM, PAULL 83 

Petro de Falcumberg, Radulfo Talun, W[illelmo] vicfecomitel, 1 
Saero de Suttona, Reynero de Suttona, Adam camerario, Petro 
nepote Rob[erti] capellani, Radulfo clerico, Waltero de Rudstayn. 
Sub presentia istorum testium non solum ipsam terrain quietani 
clamavit sed etiam in manu mea reddidit. 

1369. Grant by William de Otringham II to the abbey of (Nun) 

Cotun of the free use of the ferry of Paull for those of the 
abbey with their goods in going or returning. 1156-^.1185. 
Chartul of Nun Cotun ; Bodl. Lib., Oxon. ; MS. Top. Line., fl. i, f. 36. 
[GJuillelmus de Otringham omnibus has litteras videntibus 
vel audientibus salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et 
hac present! carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et abbatie 
de Cotum, pro salute anime mee et patris et matris mee et 
omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum, in perpetuam et 
liberam elemosinam, quatinus ipsa abbatia cum omnibus rebus 
suis in eundo et redeundo liberum et quietum habeat passagium 
de Pagla. His testibus [etc.]. 

1370. Grant by William de Otringham II to the nuns of (Nun) 

Cotun of 6s. of yearly rent, namely 4*. which Richard his 
father gave for the grantor's two sisters, and 2S. which the 
grantor gave in addition for his mother (when she and her 
two daughters took the habit there), of which 4^. shall be paid 
yearly at Easter out of the rent of 30*. to be paid by Herbert 
son of Wygot and his heirs from Hackthorn (co. Line.) and 
2S. by the same from the messuage formerly of Ailwin the 
skinner in Killingholme. 1156-^.1185. 

Bodl. Lib., Oxon. ; MS. Top. Line., d. I, f. 36. 

[Gjuillelmus de Otringham omnibus sancte matris ecclesie 
filiis tarn presentibus quam futuris salutem. Fraternitati vestre 
notum sit me concessisse ecclesie Sancte Marie de Cotum et 
sororibus ibidem Deo servientibus vi. solidos de reditu meo, in 
perpetuam elemosinam, annuatim persolvendos, scilicet iiii. solidos 
quos dedit eis Ricardus pater meus pro ii. sororibus meis, et ii. 
solidos quos dedi eis in augmentum pro matre mea ; et hos iiii. 
solidos assignavi de reditu meo ad Haketorn, quos Hubertus 
films Wygoti et heredes sui post ipsum reddent eis unoquoque 
anno de xxx. solidis solvendis de reditu meo, et duos solidos in 
Kilwingholm de mansura que fuit Ailwyni pelliparii. Et hos iiii. 
solidos reddet eis Hubertus et heredes sui post ipsum in vigilia 
Pasche. Et hanc predictam elemosinam super altare Sancte 
Marie in Cotum optuli et carta mea confirmavi. Hec concessio 
fuit in Lincolnia in ecclesia Beate Marie recognita coram hiis 
testibus, etc. 

1 Cf. n. 1379. 



84 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1371. Grant by Hugh de Verli to the convent of Bridlington of a 

toft in Ottringham adjoining the canons' messuage. 1165- 

"75- 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 252^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 336. 

Hugo de Verly universis sancte ecclesie filiis salutem. Sci- 
atis me pro animabus antecessorum meorum et pro anima 
mea ecclesie Beate Marie de Bridlintona dedisse in perpetuam 
elemosinam et super altare ejusdem ecclesie optulisse quoddam 
toftum apud Otringham quod Haco tenuit, mansioni canonicorum 
Bridel[intonensium] in eadem villa continuum, ab omni re liberum 
et quietum. Hiis testibus, Alexandro clerico filio Alfini de 
Hedon, R[oberto ?] de Ulram, Picot de Otringham, Simone filio 
Willelmi filii Aschilli de Hedon, Joseph socio Pycoti, Walone de 
Otringham, H[enrico] de Berlay, Reginaldo fratre Willelmi Ruffi, 
Willelmo filio constabularii, H[ ] filio Agnetis. 

Hugh de Verli was the tenant in 1166 both of the archbishop of York 
and of William de Aubigny of Norfolk. 1 In 1199 he was mainperned to 
have his wife Alice and two sons, (Philip and another), before the justices to 
answer the charge of slaying Stephen de Ottringham. 2 

Of the witnesses Simon de Hedon was the grandson of Aschetil, named 
in the Chronicle of Meaux as native of Fulcher, lord of Rowlston, during the 
first half of the reign of Henry I. 3 In the time of Philip, abbot of Meaux 
(1160-1182), Simon, Richard and William, the sons of William son of 
Aschetil de Hedon, released their claim to the monks' manor of Saltergh. 4 
In 1158 the sheriff of York accounted on behalf of the sons of Aihvin de 
Hedon (Haddon) for 200 marks. 5 There is no indication as to the nature 
of the payment. William son of the constable was younger brother of 
Robert the constable of Halsham. 6 

1372. Confirmation by Martin Martel and Agnes his wife to the 
canons of Bridlington and to the church of St. Wilfrid of 
Ottringham of the garden in Ottringham which William the 
seneschal of Ottringham gave at his death. c.\ 190-1200. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 249. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 327. 

Martinus Martel et Agnes uxor ejus omnibus sancte matris 
ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum sit vobis quod ego Martinus 
Martel et Agnes uxor mea concessimus et hac presenti carta 
nostra confirmavimus in perpetuam elemosinam ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Bridlintona et canonicis ejusdem ecclesie et ecclesie 
Sancti Wilfridi de Otringham illud gardinum de Otringham quod 
Willelmus senescallus de Otringham dedit in obitu suo predictis 
ecclesie et canonicis, scilicet illam partem quam excambiavit pro 
terra sua, libere et quiete ab omni servitio sine omni retenemento. 
Hanc concessionem fecimus pro anima predicti Willelmi et pro 

1 Red Bk., 398, 414. R. Cur. Reg., ii, 98, 103. 

1 Chron. de Melsa, i, 86. * ib., 160. 

1 R. Mag. Ptf.,4 Hen. II, 146. Chron. de Me/sa, i, 220. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: OTTRINGHAM, SUTTON 85 

animabus nostris et pro animabus predecessorum nostrorum. 
Hiis testibus, Roberto tune capellano de Otringham et W[illelmo] 
tune diacono ibidem, H[ugone] de Norweg[ia], Roberto serviente 
canonicorum, Ernolino serviente sacriste, Waltero filio Picoti, 
Stephano fratre ejus, Ingelramo filio Rogeri, Alano filio Stephani, 
Radulfo filio Rogeri, Philippo clerico. 

Most of the witnesses were inhabitants of Ottringham, and several of 
them granted charters to Bridlington. 1 

1373. Confirmation by William earl of Albemarle of the exchange 

made between the convent of Meaux and Saer de Sutton of 
two gardens which Agemund and Thorr held, saving the 
service due to the grantor; and of the meadow which Saer 
gave partly in alms and partly in exchange, and pasture for 
40 cows. 1150-1167. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 266^. 

Willelmus comes Albemarlie dapifero suo et vicecomiti et 
omnibus ministris et hominibus suis Francis et Anglis salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et presentis cartule testimonio confir- 
masse eschambium quod inter se fecerunt abbas et conventus de 
Melsa et Seerius de Suttuna, videlicet de duobus hortis quos 
Augmundus et Thorre tenuerunt, salvo servitio meo contra 
Seerium, ita tamen ut non majore [sic] servitium de feudo suo 
pro his duobus hortis faciat quam antea fecit. Concessi etiam 
abbati et conventui predicte ecclesie de Melsa pratum quern idem 
Seerius eis concessit, partim in escambium partim in elemosinam, 
et pasturam quadraginta vaccarum. His testibus, Adam de 
Brus, Petro de Falchenberg, Johanne de Melsa, Jurdano de 
Blossevill', Stephano pincerna, Willelmo de Otringeham. 

Jordan de Blossevill died in 1167.* Saer de Sutton gave to Meaux, 
between 1150 and 1160, a messuage (mansura) in Sutton called Herveys- 
croft, as noted below. 8 The date may be 1150-1160. 

1374. Notification by William earl of Albemarle to his steward, 

sheriff, and bailiffs of Holderness of his gift to the monks 
of Whitby of \ mark yearly, which William son of Saer de 
Sutton and his heirs shall render yearly to the church of 
Whitby from the tenement late of Arnald de Newton, c. 1 1 70- 
1179. 

Chartul. of Whitby, Add. MS. 4715, f. !2iaT. Pd. in Chartul. of W. t n. 531. 
Willelmus comes Albemarlie omnibus sancte matris ecclesie 
filiis tam futuris quam presentibus et dapifero et vicecomiti suo 
et omnibus ballivis et omnibus fidelibus suis Holdernessie 

1 Chartul., 328-330. * Pipe R., 13 Hen. II, 203. 

3 Chron. de Melsa, i, 95. 



86 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et testimonio presentis carte con- 
firmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Petri et Sancte Hilde de 
Whiteby et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus, dimidiam marcam 
argenti annuatim quam Willelmus filius Sair de Suttona et here- 
des ejus reddent annuatim ad Pentecosten predicte ecclesie de 
Whiteby de illo tenemento quod fuit Arnaldi de Neutona, pro 
salute anime mee et heredum meorum et antecessorum meorum, 
libere et quiete ab omni servitio in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam. Hiis testibus, [etc.]. 

William de Sutton was amerced in 1178 for a false complaint. 1 Saer 
his father gave to Meaux a messuage called Herveys-croft in Button, in 
exchange for 2 other messuages, and pasture for 40 cows in the western 
marsh of Sutton. This exchange was confirmed by William the son of 
Saer. 2 Richard, brother of the same William, gave i bovate in Ganstead. 3 
During the period 1182-1197 Amand, son of William de Sutton, confirmed 
the gifts of his father and grandfather, and added other gifts and privileges. 
He gave a croft upon the bank of the Hull in exchange for the monks' 
bovate in Ganstead. 4 During the period 1197-1210, namely towards the 
end of his life, with the consent of Saer his son, he gave land on the 
western marsh of Sutton up to the bank of the river Hull. 6 In 1194 Hugh 
de Verli impleaded Amand touching land in Bramsholme. The process 
was continued until 1196.' In that year Alan Wasthose sought to recover 
a debt from Amand de Sutton. 7 In 1208 Saer de Sutton II was required 
by Ralph, prior of Hedon, to warrant to him touching i bovate in Ganstead 
against Stephen de Gaghenested, who afterwards released his claim in 
exchange for Saer's grant to him of another bovate there. 8 

In 1284-5 Saer de Sutton III held n carucates in Sutton, Ganstead, 
Coniston, Drypool and Frodingham. 9 

1375. Notification by William earl of Albemarle to Roger archbishop 
of York and legate of his gift to the monks of St. Nicholas', 
Exeter, of a yearly rent of 165-. from his rent of Holmton(?) 
in Holderness. 1164-1179. 

Chartul. of St. Nicholas', Exeter; Vitell. D ix, f. 570? (old p. 129). 
R[ogero] Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo, apostolice sedis 
legato, et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis [Willelmus comes 
de Albemarla] salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me con- 
cessisse et dedisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et monachis 
Bead Nicholai de Excestria xvi. solidos annuatim habendos in 
redditu meo de Hotun' quicumque terram illam tenuerit, scilicet 
viii. solidos ad edificium predictorum monachorum et viii. solidos 
ad proprios usus ipsorum. Hanc donationem eis feci in liberam 
et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, tenendam et habendam de 
me et heredibus meis, pro anima patris mei et matris mee et 
omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum et pro salute 

Pipe R., 24 Hen. II, 71. 

Chron. de Melsa, i, 95. 3 ib. * ib., 218. 

ib., 299. J?. Cur. Keg., i, 44, 101. 

Pipe R., 8 Ric. I. 8 Yorks. Fines, n. 305. 

Kirkby's Quest, 75 ; Cal. of Inq., iv, 353. 








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88 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

corporis et anime mee. Testibus, Willelmo de Otringham, 
Rogero de Toscha, Willelmo de Bella Aqua, Willelmo constabu- 
lario, Willelmo Camio, Nicholao clerico et aliis. 



1376. Confirmation by Hawise countess of Albemarle of the gift 

made by William earl of Albemarle, her father (as above). 
1195-^.1210. 

Chartul. of St. Nicholas', Exeter ; Vitell. D ix, f. tfd. 

Universis hanc cartam visuris vel audituris Haw[isia] comi- 
tissa Albemar[lie] salutem. Universitati vestre notum facio me 
concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et monachis ecclesie 
Beati Nicholai de Exon[ia] xvi. solidos annuatim percipiendos 
de redditu meo de Houton in Holdernes', quicumque terram illam 
tenuerit, habendos et tenendos de me et de heredibus meis in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute mea et heredum 
meorum, secundum tenorem carte comitis Willelmi de Albe- 
marl[ia] patris mei quam dicti monachi habent. Testibus, domino 
Jord[ano] abbate de Torinton, Cardone de Fressenevill', Philippe 
de Langeb[ia] tune senescallo, Ada de Thorn', Sigero de Swton, 1 
Johanne de Risun', Rannulfo clerico tune vicecomite, 2 Petro 
Grimbal[d], Hugone de Monte, Willelmo Passem[er], Willelmo 
Hog, Nicholao clerico et aliis. 

The above is followed by a confirmation by Baldwin de Bettun, earl 
of Albemarle, "by assent and will of Hawise my wife," with the same 
witnesses. Then another grant (f. 58/130), increasing the i6s. to 2os., by 
William de Forz, son of William de Forz and Hawise the countess. 
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Chauden', 3 William de Chauden his brother, 
Ralph de Boyse, Maingar de Chauden, Ralph de Eymar, Peter de 
Faucheberg, Seyero de Swton, Adam de Thorn', Simon de Scechling, 
John the chaplain, Anselm de Camelin, Henry the clerk, Theobald Bares. 
William de Forz, earl of Albemarle, notifies Henry de Hoton of his said 
gift of 2os. yearly out of the rent which the said Henry owes him yearly. 

1377. Confirmation by Adam de Burton to the church of St. Mary, 

York, of a bovates in Hornsea Burton which Alan de Spiney, 
his brother, gave in alms. ^.1145-1161. 

Chartul. of St. Mary's, York (John Rylands Lib. ), f. 3530?. 

Adam de Burton omnibus hominibus et amicis suis Francis et 
Anglis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse ecclesie Sancte Marie 
Eboracensis quiete in puram et perpetuam elemosinam duas 
bovatas terre in Burtun quas Alanus de Spineto frater meus 
dedit predicte ecclesie in elemosinam. Sciendum est etiam quod 
stagnum molendini eorum quod tangit terram meam sine calump- 

1 .<?." Sutton." * C/.n. 1365. 

1 Of East or West Chaldon, co. Dorset. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : HOLMTON, HORXSEA 89 

nia stabit perpetuo. Concessi etiam pecunie ipsorum eunti 
ad pasturam sine vexatione transitum per terram meam. Hiis 
testibus, Johanne de Melsa, Aschetino de Ormeshouad, Arnaldo 
de Mildabi, Johanne de Mildabi, Johanne nepote abbatis. 

1378. Grant by Savary abbot of St. Mary's, York, to Ingram son of 

Adam de Burton in fee of 2 bovates in Hornsea Burton which 
Alan de Spinney gave to the church in alms. c. 1150-1161. 

Chartul. of St. Mary's, York (John Rylands Lib.), f. 354. 
Notum sit omnibus videntibus vel audientibus literas has quod 
ego Savaricus abbas ecclesie Sancte Marie Eboracensis, cum 
communi consilio et assensu capituli nostri, concessi et dedi huic 
Ingelramno filio Ade de Burton in feodo et hereditate duas 
bovatas terre in Burtun quas Alanus de Spineto ecclesie nostre 
dedit. Reddet autem nobis idem Ingelramnus et heredes sui 
singulis annis pro eadem terra iiij or solidos, dimidium ad Pente- 
costen et dimidium ad festum Sancti Martini. Hoc autem eis 
concedimus quamdiu se legaliter erga nos habuerint et predictum 
censum bene reddiderint. Si autem contigerit eos vi vel ratione 
predictam terram amittere, non dabimus eis escambium. Testi- 
bus hiis, Odone presbitero de Ornesaie, 1 Johanne de Melsa, 
Johanne nepote abbatis, Ada de Alverton, Abraham famulo 
abbatis. 

1379. Final agreement made between William, earl of Albemarle, 
and John de Meaux, whereby the earl gave to John (the land 
of) Bewick, which was of the inheritance of the earl's father 
and grandfather, to hold in fee for Meaux, which John has 
surrendered with a knife, quit to the earl to enable him to 
found an abbey there, having pledged himself and his heirs 
that the church to be founded there shall be quit of all claim 
as free alms ; and John shall do for Bewick the same service 
as for Meaux. 1149-50. 

Chartul. of Meaux formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York, f. 15 ; Dodsw. MS. 

liii, f. I. Pd. in Man. Angl., v, 394*. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam posteri hunc finem esse ter- 
minatum inter Willelmum comitem Albemarlie et Johannem de 
Melsa ; [scilicet] quod comes dedit et concessit Johanni de Melsa 
Bewyc, que fuit de patris sui et avi hereditate, in feodo et heredi- 
tate tenendam de comite et heredibus suis pro Melsa, quam pre- 
dictus Johannes comiti reddidit ad faciendam quandam abbatiam 
et confirmandam in perpetuam elemosinam, sic quod predictam 
Melsam per cultellum comiti reddidit, solutam et quietam de se et 
heredibus suis ; et hanc redditionem juravit tenendam sic quod 
ecclesia fundata in Melsa sicut elemosina erit quieta et sine omni 
calumpnia tarn de Johanne de Melsa quam de heredibus suis 

1 Hornsea. 



90 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

imperpetuum, et Johannes de Bewyc idem servitium faciet de Bewic 
quod debebat de Melsa. Hiis testibus, Ricardo de Sancto Quyn- 
tino, Petro de Falchomberg, Petro de Gousla, Helya de Amun- 
davill, Adam de Brus, Stephano pincerna et Radulfo et Willelmo 
ejus filiis, Herveio de Golsa, Isaac clerico, Roberto de Wyetona et 
ejus duobus filiis Ricardo et Henrico, Warnerio capellano, Ste- 
phano filio Petri de Falchomberg, Willelmo vicecomite, Adam 
clerico de Barwa, Johanne Arundell, Carbunell, Thoma de Areines, 
Willelmo filio Warini, Roberto de Golsa, Rogero de Rimeswell, 
Benedicto camerario, Bernardo de Helewell, Gileberto de Grimes- 
tona, Simone filio Willelmi, Terri camerario, Willelmo Jurdan, 
Willelmo Chidenoth, Willelmo filio Simonis, Simone capellano, 
Ricardo de Frieboys, Burring', Willelmo de Hotringeham, Wil- 
lelmo de Bejewe, Aschetino de Scartheburg, Reynero de Suttun, 
Simone pincerna, Willelmo dispensario, Willelmo de Pagla, 1 
Henrico filio Radulfi, Stephano de Otringham et Ricardo de 
Otringham, Herberto priore de Melsa, et Gaufrido monacho et 
Warino et Adam et alio Gaufrido, Absalon et Ricardo, Agnete 
sorore comitis et fratre Hugone. 

The story of the earl's predilection for Meaux as the site of his intended 
abbey of Cistercian monks, and of the exchange of Bewick for Meaux 
which he made with his tenant, John de Meaux, is elaborately told by the 
chronicler of Meaux. 2 The witnesses embrace a large number of the earl's 
knights and tenants, both of his Yorkshire and Lincolnshire lands, and also 
of his officials and clergy. Amongst them appears the earl's sister Agnes. 
It was probably another sister who was seduced by William Fossard the 
younger, as already related. The earl, with the king's consent, revenged 
himself by destroying Fossard's wooden castle of Mountferaunt at Birdsall, 
whence large quantities of the timber were sent to the monks for the 
erection of their various offices at Meaux. 3 

In the person of Gilbert de Grimston we probably have the first re- 
corded ancestor of the Grimstons of Grimston Garth. He and his de- 
scendants for some two centuries after this date are almost wholly ignored 
in the fictitious pedigree of this family. The compiler, a well-known 
Elizabethan herald, having commenced the family tree by creating an 
imaginary ancestor in the person of one Silvester de Grimston, whom he 
described as standard-bearer to the Conqueror, drew upon his imagination 
for almost all the successive representatives of the line down to the time of 
Richard II. From that point the fraudulent hireling deemed it expedient 
to earn his reward by a stricter adherence to veracity, the risk of detection 
doubtless becoming greater as he placed on record the names of the more 
immediate ancestors of his confiding patron, the then head of the Grimston 
clan. 

Reiner de Sutton * gave to Meaux a bovate in Wawne in the time of 
abbot Philip (ii6o-n82). s Of the other witnesses many were prominent 

1 "Pablera"in MS. 

* Chron. de Melsa, i, 76-7. Elsewhere the chronicler states that the earl tried 
to dissuade the monk Adam from settling at Meaux, and suggested other sites on his 
demesne ; p. 82. 

* ib., 104-5. The chronicler must surely be in error in alleging that young 
Fossard remained abroad until the earl's death, i.e. until 1179. 

* Occ. 1154-1163; Chartul. of Bridlington, 329. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 159. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX, ROUTH 9! 

men in Holderness during the reign of Henry II, of whom mention may be 
found elsewhere in this series. 

1380. Notification by William, earl of Albemarle, of his gift to the 
Cistercian monks of Meaux of the place called Meaux, for the 
health of the soul of Ingram his brother, also the wood of 
Routh which he obtained by exchange for other land of more 
worth from Alan de Ringburgh. ^.1150. 

Chartul. of Meaux formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York, f. 15 ; Dodsw. MS. 
liii, f. i. Also Chartul. of Fountains, formerly penes William Ingilby, 
knt., f. 10. Pd. in Man. Angl., v, p. 393^., n. 3. 

Willelmus comes Albemarlie universis sancte ecclesie filiis 
tarn futuris quam modernis salutem. Sciatis me dedisse monachis 
Cistercii ordinis locum quendam Melsa vocitatum, de meo heredi- 
tario jure, atque in perpetuam elemosinam confirmasse, cum 
omnibus apperiticiis, videlicet in terris colendis et in pratis et 
[in] nemoribus et in pascuis et in marasco et tarn integre et bene 
et libere sicuti egomet earn unquam melius tenui, pro salute 
auime mee ac fratris mei Hingeram et patris et matris mee, 
necnon et omnium parentum meorum, et ut ibidem sedes abbatie 
fiat ac permaneat instituisse. Dedi etiam eidem abbatie totum 
nemus de Rudhe cum marisco ei proximo in perpetuam posses- 
sionem quod juste commutavi ab Alano de Ringeburc dando 
eidem pro ipso quandam terram eo magis valentem; itaque 
precor omnes amicos et homines meos quatinus supradictam 
abbatiam et universes habitantes in ea studiose diligant, consilii 
et auxilii eis beneficium impendere non cessent, ut universorum 
ipsius beneficiorum, mecum effecti participes, in eterna taber- 
nacula a Domino recipiantur et a salutari suo. [Testibus], Hin- 
geram fratre comitis, Helia de Mundewille, magistro Warnario, 
magistro Rogero, Gerardo de Fanencourt, Isaac clerico, Roberto 
de Ros, Stephano pincerna. Valete. 

1381. Notification by William, earl of Albemarle, of his gift to the 
monks of St. Mary, Meaux, of (the place called) Meaux, the 
underwood of Routh acquired from Alan de Ringburgh by 
exchange, land of the grantor's patrimony in Wawne, the 
pasture called Salthaugh and Newland (in Kayingham) with 
the road from that pasture and a carucate of land near it, 
acquired by exchange from William son of Askill (de Hedon) 
who held it, all which he gave for the health of the soul of 
Ingram his brother and Stephen (a younger brother). 1150- 

"53- 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vn, 
f. 232 ; Chartul. of Fountains, formerly penes William Ingilby, knt. 
Pd. in Man. Angl., v, 394. 

Guillelmus comes Albemarlie dapifero suo et vicecomiti et 
omnibus ministris suis et hominibus universisque sancte matris 



92 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ecclesie filiis, tarn presentibus quam futuris, salutem. Sciatis 
me concessisse et dedisse et presentis cartule mee testimonio 
confirmasse monachis Cisterciensis ordinis, ecclesie videlicet 
Sancte Marie de Melsa, ad ordinem Sancti Benedicti tenendum 
et manutenendum, ipsam Melsam et omnia ad illam pertinentia in 
bosco, in piano, in maresco, in pratis et aquis, et boscum de 
Rudha, quern juste commutavi de Alano de Ringburc, dando 
eidem pro ipso quandam terram eo magis valentem. Similiter 
concessi eis et dedi totam terram que est de patrimonio meo l in 
Wagna, in campis, in pratis, in aquis, in piscariis et in omnibus 
eidem terre pertinentibus, et totam pasturam de Saltehache et 
Neulande et exitum ejusdem pasture cum omnibus aliis per- 
tinentiis, et quandam carucatam juxta eandem pasturam quam 
Willelmus films Aschilli de me tenuit, pro qua ei bonum 
escambium tribui. Hec omnia eis concede, do et confirmo in 
perpetuam et liberam elemosinam absque ullo terreno servitio, 
sicut aliqua elemosina liberius dari aut confirmari potest, pro 
salute anime mee, patris et matris mee et omnium antecessorum 
meorum et pro salute anime Hingerani fratris mei et Stephani 
et pro salute omnium sororum, parentum et amicorum meorum. 
Hujus donationis mee testes sunt : clerici, Symon capellanus, 
Ysaac, Rogerus, Warnerius ; milites, Eustachius filius Johannis, 
Robertus de Stutewill, Petrus de Falcheneburga, Stephanus 
pincerna et Radulfus et Willelmus filii ejus, Robertus constabu- 
larius, Henricus Foliot, Helias de Amundewill et Radulfus 
frater ejus, Symon de Torne et Willelmus frater ejus, Willelmus 
filius Aschetelli et Willelmus [sic] frater ejus, qui etiam assensum 
prebuerunt. 

A history of the property at Salthaugh and Newland is given in the 
Chronica de Melsa? It had once belonged to Osbert, the noted sheriff of 
Lincoln and York, who died circa 1115. The chronicler takes archbishop 
Henry to task for treating in his charter to Meaux 2 carucates in Wawne, 
which the earl held of him in fee and gave to the monks, as if they were of 
the archbishop's own gift, whereas his deed should have been a confirma- 
tion of the earl's gift. 8 

13S2. Confirmation by Henry II of the agreement made between 
William, earl of Albemarle, and John de Meaux and his 
heirs touching the exchange of Bewick, given by the earl, for 
the land of Meaux, where he has founded the abbey of 
Meaux with the consent of the said John and his heirs. 
1163-1170. 

Brit. Mus. charters, Colt, xi, 27. 

H[enricus] rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquita- 
norum et comes Andegavorum, archiepiscopis, episcopis et abba- 

1 The earl held this land of Henry Murdac, archbishop of York ; Chron. de 
Melsa, i, 93. * op. cit., i, 85. 3 ib., 93. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : MEAUX, BEWICK 93 

tibus, comitibus et baronibus, justiciariis et vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus ministris et fidelibus suis, Francis et Anglis, totius 
Anglic salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et hac mea carta con- 
firmasse conventionem que facta est inter Willemum comitem 
Albemarie et Johannem de Melsa et heredes suos de escambio de 
Bewich, 1 quod comes predictus dedit Johanni de Melsa pro terra 
de Melsa in qua comes idem, concessu* Johannis et heredum 
suorum, fundavit abbatiam de Melsa. Et ideo volo et firmiter 
precipio quod monachi de Melsa habeant et teneant predictam 
terram in qua fundata est abbatia sua, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis in bosco et piano, in pratis et pascuis, in aquis et molendinis, 
in stagnis 3 et piscariis et in mariscis, in viis et semitis, et in 
omnibus aliis locis et aliis rebus ad earn pertinentibus, cum 
omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis, ita bene et 
in pace, libere et quiete, plenarie et integre, honorifice et ratio- 
nabiliter, sicut carta comitis Willelmi et Johannis de Melsa, 
utriusque sigillo sigillata, testatur. Testibus, Gaufr[ido] arch[i- 
diacono], 4 Man[asser] Biset dap[ifero], Ric[ardo] de Luci, Willel- 
mo Malet ; apud Cirecestriam. 

From the Chronicle of Meaux and the charter n. 1379 above we learn that 
the earl of Albemarie obtained the town of Meaux, which was assessed at 3 
carucates of land, from his tenant, John de Meaux, in exchange for the town 
of Bewick, assessed at 6 carucates, which was to be held for the same 
service as that which had been previously rendered for Meaux. 5 This was 
done in the year 1150, the exchange being ratified by Henry II during the 
time that Geoffrey Ridel was archdeacon of Canterbury, that is, 1163-1174. 
The king is not known to have been at Cirencester during this period, but 
he was probably in Gloucestershire in 1164. 

1383. Grant by Eugenius III to Adam, abbot of Meaux, and the 
brethren there of certain privileges, and confirmation of the 
gifts made by William, earl of Albemarie, of the site of the 
abbey of Meaux, the underwood of Routh and land in 
Wawne; and by William Fossard of the grange of Belagh 
with the underwood and the vaccary of Akenbergh. 6 13 
June, 1151. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, *" 5- 

Eugenius episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis Ade 
abbati de Melsa ejusque fratribus tarn presentibus quam futuris 
regularem vitam professis in perpetuum. Religiosam yitam eli- 
gentibus apostolice tuitionis auxilium oportet impendi ne forte 
cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos desides faciat aut robur, 
quod absit, religiose conversationis infringat. Eapropter, dilecti 
in Domino filii, vestris justis postulationibus benignum imper- 

i in escambio de Bewyk," Lansd. MS. 424, f- 65?- * " co ?:" '* 

3 " stangnis," ib. 4 " Cantuanensi et aliis multis, ib. 

Chron. de Melsa, i, 77- ' See Fossard chs " n " ' ' l8 - 20 ' 



94 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

tientes assensum, monasterium de Melsa in quo divino mancipati 
estis obsequio sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus 
et presentis scripti patrocinio communimus ; statuentes ut quas- 
cumque possessiones quecumque bona eadem ecclesia inpresen- 
tiarum juste et canonice possidet aut in futurum concessione 
pontificum, largitione regum vel principum, oblatione fidelium 
seu aliis justis modis prestante Domino poterit adipisci, firma 
vobis vestrisque successoribus et intemerata permaneant. In 
primis hec propriis duximus vocabulis annotanda : Ex dono 
Willelmi comitis Albemare locum in quo ipsa abbatia sita est, 
qui dicitur Melsa, cum nemore, marresio, piscariis et ceteris 
pertinentiis suis, nemus de Ruda, et totam [terram] quam idem 
comes pia vobis devotione concessit scriptique sui assertione 
firmavit in villa que dicitur Wagna cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis ; ex dono Willelmi Fossard grangiam de Belaga cum perti- 
nentiis suis et partem quam pro anime sue redemptione dedit 
vobis in nemore suo juxta Belaga, et vaccariam que dicitur 
Akeneberga cum pertinentiis suis. Sane laborum vestrorum 
quos propriis manibus aut sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis 
vestrorum animalium nullus hominum omnino a vobis decimas 
presumat exigere. Si qua vero libera et absoluta persona pro 
redemptione anime sue vestro se monasterio conferre voluerit 
suscipiendi facultatem liberam habeatis ; addentes etiam auctori- 
tate apostolica prohibemus ne quis fratres vestros clericos sive 
laicos post factam in monasterio vestro professionem absque vestra 
licentia suscipere audeat vel retinere. Decrevimus ergo ut nulli 
omnino hominum liceat prefatum monasterium temere perturbare 
aut ejus possessiones auferre vel ablatas retinere, minuere seu 
aliquibus vexationibus fatigare, sed omnia illibata et integra 
conserventur eorumque pro quorum gubernatione ac sustentatione 
concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profutura. Si qua igitur eccle- 
siastica in futurum secularisve persona hanc nostre constitutionis 
paginam sciens, contra earn temere venire temptaverit, secundo 
tertiove commonita, nisi satisfactione congrua emendaverit, pote- 
statis honorisque sui dignitate careat reamque se divino judicio 
existere de perpetrata iniquitate cognoscat et a sacratissimo 
corpore ac sanguine Dei et Domini Redemptoris nostri Jhesu 
Christi aliena fiat atque in extremo examine districte ultioni 
subjaceat. Cunctis autem eidem loco sua jura servantibus sit 
pax Domini nostri Jhesu Christi quatinus et hie fructum bone 
actionis percipiant et apud districtum judicem premia eterne 
pacis inveniant. Datum Feretini per manum Bosonis sancte 
Romane ecclesie scriptoris idus Junii, indictione xiiii, Incarna- 
tionis dominice anno M.C.LJ, pontificatus vero domini Eugenii 
pape III anno septimo. 

1384. Grant by Anastasius IV to Adam, abbot of Meaux, and the 
brethren there of certain privileges, and confirmation of the 



HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX, WAWNE, BELAGH 95 

gifts made by William, earl of Albemarle, of the site of the 
abbey with the grange, Wawne and the ferry, Belagh and the 
grange of Blanchemarle. 12 January, 



Chartul. of Meaux; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 5. 

Anastasius episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis Ade 

abbati de Melsa ejusque fratribus tam presentibus quam futuris 

regularem vitam professis in perpetuum. Religiosam vitam 

eligentibus apostolicum convenit adesse presidium, ne forte 

cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos a proposito revocet aut 

robur, quod absit, sacre religionis infringat. Eapropter dilecti 

in Domino filii, vestris justis postulationibus clementer annuimus 

et prefatum monasterium, in quo divino mancipati estis obsequio, 

sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus et presentis 

scripti privilegio communimus. In primis siquidem statuentes 

ut ordo monasticus qui secundum Domini et Beati Benedicti 

regulam et Cystercientium fratrum observantiam illic auctore 

Domino institutus esse dinoscitur perpetuis ibidem temporibus 

inviolabiliter observetur. Preterea quascumque possessiones 

quecumque bona idem monasterium impresentiarum juste et 

canonice possidet aut in futurum concessione pontificum, largi- 

tione regum vel principum, oblatione fidelium seu aliis justis 

modis prestante Domino poterit adispisci, firma vobis vestrisque 

successoribus et illibata permaneant. In quibus hec propriis 

duximus exprimenda vocabulis : Locum in quo ipsa abbatia sita 

est et grangiam juxta abbatiam ex dono nobilis viri Guillelmi 

comitis de Albamara ; Wagne cum pertinentiis suis ex dono 

ejusdem comitis; passagium de Wagna; Begheladhe cum perti- 

nentiis suis, et grangiam de Blanchemarl' cum pertinentiis suis. 

Sane laborum vestrorum quos propriis manibus vel sumpti- 

bus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestrorum animalium nullus a 

vobis decimas presumat exigere. Decrevimus ergo ut nulli 

omnino hominum liceat antedictum monasterium temere pertur- 

bare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel ablatas retinere, minuere 

seu aliquibus vexationibus fatigare, sed illibata omnia et integra 

conserventur eorum pro quorum gubernatione et sustentatione 

concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profutura. Si qua ergo in 

futurum ecclesiastica secularisve persona hanc nostre constitu- 

tionis paginam sciens contra earn temere venire temptaverit 

secundo tertiove commonita, nisi presumptionem suam congrua 

satisfactione correxerit, potestatis honorisque sui dignitate careat 

reamque se divino judicio existere de perpetrata iniquitate co- 

gnoscat et a sacratissimo corpore et sanguine Dei et Domini 

Redemptoris nostri Jhesu Christi aliena fiat, atque in extreme 

examine districte ultioni subjaceat. Cunctis autem eidem loco sua 

jura servantibus sit pax Domini nostri Jhesu Christi quatinus et 

hie fructum bone actionis percipiant et apud districtum Judicem 



96 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

premia eterne pacis inveniant. Amen. Amen. Amen. Datum 
Laterani per manum Rolandi sancte Romane ecclesie presbiteri 
cardinalis et cancellarii ii. idus Januarii, indictione secunda, 
Incarnationis dominice anno M.C.LIII., pontificatus vero domini 
Anastasii pape IIII. anno primo. 

1385. Confirmation by Stephen, for the soul of Henry I his uncle, 
and of queen Matilda, the grantor's wife, and Eustace his 
son, of the gifts made by William, earl of Albemarle, of the 
town of Meaux, wood of Routh and land of Wawne, namely 
2 carucates in Meaux and 10 in Wawne, to be quit of 
Danegeld, murder and other exactions ; of the gifts of 
William Fossard, Ralph son of Wimund, his man, William 
de Percy, William de Roumare and Agnes de Albemarle his 
wife, and Geoffrey Dagun his man, and of all other gifts 
made by the barons of Yorkshire and their men. January, 



Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 65. 

S[tephanus] rex Anglorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbati- 
bus, justiciariis, comitibus, vicecomitibus, baronibus et omnibus 
ministris et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis totius Anglic salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et confirmasse in perpetuam elemosinam, 
pro anima regis H[enrici] avunculi mei et aliorum predecessorum 
meorum regum Anglic et pro salute mea et pro anima M[atildis] 
regine uxoris mee et E[ustachii] filii mei, donationem illam quam 
W[illelmus] comes Albemarlie fecit Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie 
et monachis de Melsa : scilicet villam Melse et boscum de Ruda 
et totam Wagnam, scilicet tam partem illam que est de patri- 
monio suo quam illam partem quam tenet de archiepiscopo, et 
passagium et ecclesiam predicte ville ; et hanc predictam terram, 
videlicet xii. carucatas terre, ii scilicet in Melsa et x. alias in 
Wagna, clamo quietas et liberas de Danegeld et de murdro et de 
omnibus geldis et de omnibus secularibus negotiis et servitiis et 
exactionibus. Concede etiam et confirmo donationes baronum 
meorum: scilicet W[illelmi] Fossard et Radulfi filii Wymundi 
hominis ipsius, et W[illelmi] de Percy, et W[illelmi] de Rumare 
et uxoris ejus Agnetis de Albemarle et Gaufridi Dagun hominis 
ipsius, et omnes alias donationes baronum Eboracensis-scire et 
hominum eorum quas vel dederunt rationabiliter vel daturi sunt. 
Quare volo et precipio quatinus ecclesia prefata et monachi 
teneant et habeant omnes terras et tenuras illas bene et in pace 
et libere et quiete et honorifice in bosco et piano, in pratis et 
pasturis, et aquis et stagnis, et viis et semitis et omnibus locis, 
cum soca et saca et tol et theam et infangenetheof et cum omni- 
bus aliis libertatibus et quietanciis cum quibus ecclesia Beati 
Petri Eboracensis tenet et habet. Testibus, Henrico de Essexa, 
Ricardo de Luci, Ricardo de Canvilla, Warnero de Lusoris, 
Hugone de Essartis ; apud Donestaplam. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX, WAWNE 97 

1386. Confirmation by Henry, duke of Normandy, to the monks 
of Meaux of the gifts named in the preceding charter of 
Stephen. January, 1154. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 65. 

Henricus dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum et comes Ande- 
gavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, justiciariis, comiti- 
bus, vicecomitibus, baronibus et omnibus ministris et fidelibus suis 
Francis et Anglis totius Anglic salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et confirmasse in perpetuam elemosinam, pro anima regis Henrici 
avi mei et aliorum antecessorum meorum regum Anglic et pro 
salute mea et pro anima patris mei, donationem illam quam 
W[illelmus] comes Albemarlie fecit Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie 
et monachis de Melsa, scilicet villam Melse et boscum de Ruda et 
totam Wagnam, scilicet tarn partem illam que est de patrimonio 
suo quam illam partem quam tenet de archiepiscopo, et passagium 
et ecclesiam dicte ville ; et hanc predictam terram, videlicet xii. 
carucatas terre, duas scilicet in Melsa et x. alias in Wagna, clamo 
quietas et liberas de Danegeld et de murdro et de omnibus geldis 
et de omnibus secularibus servitiis et exactionibus. Concedo 
etiam et confirmo donationes baronum meorum, scilicet W[illelmi] 
Fossard et Radulfi filii Wymundi hominis ipsius, et W[illelmi] de 
Percy, et W[illelmi] de Rumar et uxoris ejus Agnetis de Albe- 
marle et Gaufridi Dagun hominis ipsius, et omnes alias donationes 
baronum Ebor[acensis]-scire et hominum eorum quas vel dederunt 
rationabiliter vel daturi sunt Quare volo et precipio quatinus 
ecclesia prefata et monachi teneant et habeant omnes terras et 
tenuras illas bene et in pace et libere et quiete et honorifice in 
bosco et piano et pratis et pasturis et aquis et stagnis et viis et 
semitis et omnibus locis, cum soca et saca et tol et theam et 
infangenetheof et cum omnibus aliis libertatibus et quietanciis 
cum quibus ecclesia Beati Petri Eboracensis tenet et habet. 
Testes Manasse Byset, Henricus Byset, Ricardus de Humez, 
et alii. 

Duke Henry landed in England for a fourth time within the octaves of 
the Epiphany (January 6-13), 1153. Exactly a year later Stephen and Henry 
met at Oxford in a friendly manner, but at Dunstaple later in the month 
Henry complained about the slow progress made in the destruction of the 
adulterine castles. 1 It was probably at Dunstable that this charter, like 
Stephen's, was issued. 

1387. Confirmation by Henry II to the monks of Meaux of what- 

ever William, earl of Albemarle, and others had given them. 
1158-1162. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. (>$d. 

H [enricus] rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 

1 Hen. of Hunt., 289-90. 
Ill G 



gg EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, ministris et omni- 
bus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicis totius Anglic salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et present! carta confirmasse abbatie de 
Meausa et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in perpetuam elemo- 
sinam quicquid W[illelmus] comes de Albamara et alii eis rationa- 
biliter dederunt. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod predicta 
abbatia et monachi habeant et teneant quicquid predictus comes 
et alii eis rationabiliter dederunt bene et in pace, libere et quiete, 
integre, plenarie et honorifice, in bosco et piano, in pratis et 
pascuis, in viis et semitis, in aquis et molendinis, in stagnis et 
vivariis et in omnibus aliis locis et in omnibus aliis rebus, cum 
omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis, sicut carta 
W[illelmi] comitis de Albamarle et aliorum donatorum suorum 
testantur. Testibus, Thoma cancellario, Ricardo de Luci, Wil- 
lelmo Malet, Willelmo de Hastinges, et aliis. 

1388. Confirmation by Adrian IV to Adam, abbot of Meaux, and 
the brethren there, of the gifts made by William earl of 
Albemarle, of the site of the abbey, the underwoods of 
Routh, the land of Wawne and pasture of Salthagh and 
Newland and i carucate which William son of Askell held ; 
by William Fossard of the land of Belhagh with the woodland 
and tillage there and his part of the vaccary of Akenbergh ; 
by William de Percy of land in Belhagh ; by Ralph son of 
Wimund of meadow near Belhagh and his mill ; by Geoffrey 
Dagun of the land of Arras ; by Agnes de Albemarle of a 
tillage near Arras and common of pasture of Warter ; by 
Robert de Stutevill of the dwelling of Swar the Little, and n 
fisheries in the Hull, 2 dwellings adjacent which Berard the 
knight of Cottingham and his wife gave, and the onset of 
a mill by the Hull; by Peter de Falkenburgh of a dwelling 
near Gruvale ; also grant of certain privileges. 23 November, 
1156. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. $d. 

Adrianus episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis Ade 
abbati monasterii Sancte Marie de Melsa ejusque fratribus tam 
presentibus quam futuris regularem vitam professis in perpetuum. 
Religiosam vitam eligentibus apostolicum convenit adesse presi- 
dium ne forte cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos a proposito 
revocet aut robur, quod absit, sacre religionis infringat. Eaprop- 
ter, dilecti in Domino filii, vestris justis postulationibus clementer 
annuimus, et prefatam ecclesiam in qua divino mancipati estis 
obsequio sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus ; statu- 
entes ut quascumque possessiones quecumque bona eadem ecclesia 
inpresentiarum juste et canonice possidet aut in futurum conces- 
sione pontificum, largitione regum vel principum, oblatione fidelium 
seu aliis justis modis prestante Domino poterit adipisci, firma 





HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX ABBEY 99 

vobis vestrisque successoribus et illibata permaneant. In quibus 
hec propriis duximus exprimenda vocabulis : Ex dono Willelmi 
cpmitis de Albemar' locum qui dicitur Melsa in quo ipsa abbatia 
sita est et omnia ad illam pertinentia in bosco et in piano, in 
marisco, in pratis et aquis ; et totum boscum de Ruda ; totam 
terram de Wagna de feodo Willelmi comitis Albemarle et totam 
pasturam de Salthehache et Neweland, et carucatam terre quam 
Willelmus films Askelli tenuit et exitum supradicte pasture ; ex 
donatione Willelmi Fossard totam terram de Belaghe que de 
feudo suo est et totam suam partem vaccarie de Acheneberghe 
cum pertinentiis suis et quemdam locum in bosco juxta Belaghe 
congruum ad edificationem grangie, et nominatim totam culturam 
et integram que jacet ex alia parte rivuli Belaghe apud aquilonem 
cum omnibus eisdem terris adjacentibus ; ex dono Willelmi de 
Perceio terram quam habuit in Belaghe; ex donatione Radulfi 
filii Wymundi pratum suum juxta Belaghe, cum terra quam 
ibidem habuit, et molendinum suum cum aquis et ceteris perti- 
nentiis suis ; ex donatione Gaufridi Dagun totam terram de Herges 
cum pertinentiis suis ; ex dono Agnetis de Albemarle unam cul- 
turam terre juxta eandem Herges ex parte septentrionali et com- 
munia pascua in territorio de Wartre ; ex dono Roberti de Stute- 
vill' mansuram quandam quam Suar parvus tenuit et xi. piscarias 
que sunt in Hul, et duas mansuras dejuxta quas dedit vobis 
Berardus miles de Cottingham et uxor ejus, et sedem molendini 
juxta Hul et cursum aquarum venientium de molendinis de Cotting- 
ham ; ex dono Petri de Falkenberga quandam mansuram juxta 
Gruuale. Libertates etiam omnes seu immunitates ac regias 
consuetudines a karissimo filio nostro Henrico Anglorum rege 
rationabiliter vobis et ecclesie vestre indultas et scripti sui pagina 
roboratas auctoritate apostolica confirmamus et illibatas perpetuis 
temporibus statuimus permanere. Sane novalium vestrorum que 
propriis manibus aut sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestro- 
rum animalium nullus omnino clericus sive laicus a vobis decimas 
exigere presumat; adicientes preterea constituimus ut si super 
decimis inter vos et aliquam personam ecclesiasticam cum con- 
sensu archidiaconi et episcopi sui compositio aliqua rationabiliter 
facta est, rata perpetuis temporibus et inconcussa persistat. Si 
qua vero libera et absoluta persona pro redemptione anime sue 
vestro monasterio se conferre voluerit suscipiendi earn liberam 
facultatem habeatis ; addentes autem auctoritate apostolica inter- 
dicimus ne quis fratres vestros clericos sive laycos post factam in 
vestro monasterio professionem absque licentia vestra suscipere 
audeat vel retinere. Presenti quoque decreto sanccimus ut epi- 
scopus in cujus episcopatu ecclesia vestra consistit nee regularem 
electionem vestri abbatis umquam impediat nee de removendo ac 
deponendo eo qui pro tempore fuerit contra statuta Cysterciensis 
ordinis et auctoritatem privilegiorum suorum se nullatenus intro- 



TOO EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

mittat. Sancimus autem ne quis archiepiscopus vel episcopus sive 
cujuslibet ordinis locum vestrum a divinis interdicat officiis ; sed 
liceat vobis omni tempore, clausis januis et exclusis excommuni- 
catis et interdictis, divina officia celebrare nisi abbatis vel fratrum 
evidens et manifesta culpa extiterit. Paci quoque et tranquillitati 
vestre paterna sollicitudine providentes auctoritate apostolica pro- 
hibemus ut infra clausuram locorum sive grangiarum vestrarum 
nullus violentiam vel rapinam sive furtum facere vel hominem 
capere audeat ; et siquis hoc temerario ausu presumpserit tan- 
quam sacrilegus judicetur et excommunicationis ultione plectatur. 
Decrevimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominum liceat prefatam ecclesiam 
temere perturbare aut ejuspossessiones auferre aut ablatas retinere, 
minuere, seu quibuslibet vexationibus fatigare ; sed illibata omnia 
et integra conserventur eorum pro quorum gubernatione et susten- 
tatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profutura : salva nimirum 
sedis apostolice auctoritate et diocesani episcopi canonica justitia. 
Si qua igitur in futurum ecclesiastica secularisve persona hanc 
nostre constitutionis paginam sciens contra earn temere venire 
temptaverit secundo tertiove commonita, nisi presumptionem 
suam digna satisfactione correxerit, potestatis honorisque sui 
dignitate careat reamque se divino judicio existere de perpetrata 
iniquitate cognoscat et a sacratissimo corpore ac sanguine Dei et 
Domini Redemptoris nostri Jhesu Christi aliena fiat atque in 
extreme examine districte ultioni subjaceat. Cunctis autem eidem 
loco sua jura servantibus sit pax Domini nostri Jhesu Christi 
quatinus et hie fructus bone actionis percipiant et apud districtum 
Judicem premia eterne pacis inveniant. Amen. Amen. Amen. 
Datum Laterani per manum Rolandi sancte Romane ecclesie 
presbiteri et cancellarii viiii. kal. Decembris indictione v., Incar- 
nationis dominice anno MC.L.VI., pontificatus vero domini Adriani 
pape IIII. anno ii. 

1389. Precept of Henry II to the reeves of the seaports in England 
and Normandy that the horses, men and property of the 
abbey of Meaux shall be quit of toll, passage, pontage and 
all customs. 1154-1161. 

Lansd. MS. 424, f. 66; Cott. MS. Vitell. C vi, f. 128. 

H[enricus] rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum [et Aquita- 
norum] et comes Andegavorum justiciariis, baronibus, vicecomiti- 
bus, et omnibus ministris totius Anglic et Normannie et portuum 
maris, et nominatim prepositis de Hantfonia] et de Hasting' et 
de Dover' et de Barbefluctu et de Cadomo et de Diopa, salutem. 
Precipio quod equi et homines et omnes res abbathie de Melsa et 
monachorum ibidem Deo servientium sint quieti de theloneo et 
passagio et pontagio et omni alia consuetudine quocumque venerint. 
Et nullus eos super hoc injuste vexet nee deturbet super x. libras 



HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX ABBEY 

forisfacture. Testibus, T[eobaldo] archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, 
H[ugone] episcopo Dunelmensi, Rfoberto] episcopo Lincolniensi, 
et aliis. 

1390. General confirmation by Henry II to the monks of Meaux, 
and grant of free courts with certain franchises in their 
demesne lands, the assize of bread and ale, and the appoint- 
ment of officers. 1158-1162. 

Lansd. MS. 424, f. 83 ; Cott. MS. Vitell. C. vi, f. i2j<t. 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum [et Aquitanorum] 
et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, ministris et 
omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicis totius Anglic salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse abbatie de 
Meausa et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus et servituris im- 
perpetuum, in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, omnia terras, 
tenementa et loca, redditus et servitia que vel donatione vel 
emptione vel aliqua alia justa acquisitione habent vel habuturi 
sunt sicut carte quas inde habent vel habebunt testantur vel 
testabuntur. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod predicta abbatia 
et monachi habeant et teneant omnia predicta bene et in pace, 
libere et quiete, integre et honorifice, in bosco et piano et in pratis 
et pascuis, in viis et semitis, in aquis et molendinis, in stangnis et 
vivariis et in omnibus aliis locis, rebus, possessionibus, libertati- 
bus et liberis consuetudinibus suis imperpetuum. Et concede et 
volo quod dicta abbatia et monachi tarn presentes quam futuri 
habeant libere curias suas in omnibus dominicis terris et locis 
suis, cum universis forisfacturis fugitivorum et felonum et cum 
infangtheof et assisa panis et cervisie et libera ordinatione balli- 
vorum, conestabulariorum, et aliorum ministrorum suorum, cum 
libera justificatione et executione ad premissa spectantibus, et 
amerciamentis et forisfacturis eorundem ubique infra metas 
terrarum et locorum suorum. Et nequis eos super hiis disturbet 
vel inquietet super forisfacturam decem librarum ad opus meum 
et heredum meorum et viginti solidorum ad opus vicecomitis 
Eboracensis. Testibus, Thoma cancellario, Ricardo [de] Luci, 
Willelmo Malet, Willelmo [de] Hastinges, Petro de Bello Campo ; 
apud Bons Molins. 

1391. Confirmation by Alexander III to Philip, abbot of Meaux, 
and the brethren there of the general privileges of the 
Cistercian order; and of the gifts made by William earl of 
Albemarle ; by William Fossard of the grange of Wharram ; 
of the granges of Blanchemarle, Octon and La More; of 
Holme between Leven and Bristhill ; of the mill and fisheries 
on the Hull and pasture for 40 cows in the pasture of Sutton 



IO2 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

by Hull ; of land and pasture in Spalding Moor, and of the 
grange of My ton. 18 December, 1172. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 6d. 

Alexander episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis 
Philippo abbati monasterii Sancte Marie de Melsa ejusque fratri- 
bus tarn presentibus quam futuris regularem vitam professis in 
perpetuum. Religiosam vitam eligentibus apostolicum convenit 
adesse presidium, ne forte cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos 
a proposito revocet vel robur, quod absit, sacre religionis infringat. 
Eapropter, dilecti in Domino filii, vestris justis postulationibus 
clementer annuimus et prefatum monasterium beate Dei genitricis 
semperque virginis Marie in quo divino estis obsequio mancipati 
sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus et presentis 
scripti privilegio communimus : In primis siquidem statuentes 
ut ordo monasticus qui secundum Domini et Beati Benedicti 
regulam et institutionem Cystercientium fratrum in eodem 
monasterio institutus esse dinoscitur, perpetuis ibidem tempori- 
bus inviolabiliter observetur. Preterea quascunque possessiones 
quecunque bona idem monasterium inpresentiarum juste et 
canonice possidet aut in futurum concessione pontificum, largitione 
regum vel principum, oblatione fidelium seu aliis justis modis, 
prestante Domino, poterit adipisci, firma vobis vestrisque succes- 
soribus et illibata permaneant. In quibus hec propriis duximus 
exprimenda vocabulis : Ex dono Willelmi comitis Albamar' 
supradictam Melsam in qua monasterium prelibatum constructum 
est cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in bosco, piano, marisco, pratis 
et aquis ; et nemus de Ruda et totam terram que fuit de patri- 
monio suo in Wagna cum pertinentiis suis, et pasturam de 
Saltehag' et Newelande et exitum ejusdem pasture cum carucata 
terre adjacente ; ex donatione Willelmi Fossard grangiam de 
Warram cum pertinentiis suis, grangiam de Blanchemarl' cum 
pertinentiis suis, grangiam de Octon' cum pertinentiis suis, 
grangiam de la More cum pertinentiis suis ; Holme inter Levene 
et Bristhil cum pertinentiis suis ; molendinum super Hul cum 
mansura terre adjacente et piscarias in Hul et pasturam xl. 
vaccarum cum totidem vitulis in pastura Sutune juxta Hul, cum 
quodam prato ; terram cum pastura in Spaldinghemore ; grangiam 
de Mitune cum pertinentiis suis. Liceat quoque vobis clericos 
vel laicos e seculo fugientes liberos et absolutes ad conversationem 
vestram recipere et eos in vestro monasterio absque contradic- 
tione alicujus retinere. Prohibemus insuper ut nulli fratrum 
vestrorum post factam in loco vestro professionem absque licentia 
magistri sui fas sit de eodem loco discedere ; discedentem vero 
absque communium literarum vestrarum cautione nullus audeat 
retinere. Sane laborum vestrorum quos propriis manibus aut 
sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestrorum animalium nullus 



HOLDERNESS FEE : MEAUX ABBEY 103 

omnino a vobis decimas exigere presumat. Paci quoque et tran- 
quillitati vestre paterna sollicitudine providere volentes, aucto- 
ritate apostolica prohibemus ut infra clausuras locorum seu 
grangiarum vestrarum nullus violentiam vel rapinam sive furtum 
committere, ignem apponere, aut hominem capere vel interficere 
audeat. Decrevimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominum liceat prefatum 
monasterium temere perturbare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel 
ablatas retinere, minuere seu quibuslibet vexationibus fatigare ; 
sed omnia integra conserventur eorum pro quorum gubernatione 
ac sustentatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profutura; 
salva sedis apostolice auctoritate. Si qua igitur in futurum eccle- 
siastica secularisve persona hanc nostre constitutionis paginam 
sciens contra earn temere venire temptaverit, secundo tertiove 
commonita, nisi reatum suum digna satisfactione correxerit, 
potestatis honorisque sui dignitate careat reamque se divino 
judicio existere de perpetrata iniquitate cognoscat et a sacratissimo 
corpore et sanguine Dei et Redemptoris nostri Jhesu Christi 
aliena fiat atque in extremo examine districte ultioni subjaceat. 
Cunctis autem eidem loco sua jura servantibus sit pax Domini 
nostri Jhesu Christi quatinus et hie fructum bone actionis perci- 
piant et apud districtum Judicem premia eterne pacis inveniant. 
Amen. Amen. Amen. Datum Tusculani per manum Gratiani 
sancte Romane ecclesie subdiaconi et notarii xv. kal. Januarii 
indictione vi. Incarnationis dominice anno M.C.LXX.ir. pontifi- 
catus vero domini Alexandri pape III. anno xiiii . 

1392. Confirmation by Alexander III to Philip, abbot of Meaux, 
and the brethren there of the granges of Wawne, Salthagh, 
La More, Le Holme and Wharram ; of the gifts of William 
Fossard the elder and William his son ; Salthagh with the 
pastures and sheep-folds, land in Myton with the pasture 
and sheep-fold belonging to the grange there; and further 
confirmation of privileges. 22 June, 1177. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424. f- 7- 

Alexander episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis 
Philippo abbati monasterii de Melsa ejusque fratribus tarn presen- 
tibus quam futuris regularem vitam professis in perpetuum. Re- 
ligiosam vitam eligentibus apostolicum convenit adesse presidium, 
ne forte cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos a proposito re- 
vocet aut robur, quod absit, sacre religionis infringat. Eapropter, 
dilecti in Domino filii, vestris justis postulationibus clementer 
annuimus et prefatum monasterium in quo divino mancipati estis 
obsequio sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus et pre- 
sentis scripti privilegio communimus : In primis siquidem sta- 
tuentes ut ordo monasticus, qui secundum Deum et Beati Benedicti 
regulam et institutionern Cysterciensium fratrum in eodem oco 
noscitur institutus, perpetuis ibidem temponbus mviolabihter 



IO4 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

observetur. Preterea quascunque possessiones quecunque bona 
idem monasterium inpresentiarum juste et canonice possidet aut 
in futurum concessione pontificum, largitione regum vel principum, 
oblatione fidelium seu aliis justis modis, prestante Domino, poterit 
adipisci firma vobis vestrisque successoribus et illibata perma- 
neant. In quibus hec propriis duximus exprimenda vocabulis : 
Locum ipsum in quo monasterium vestrum situm est cum omnibus 
ad se pertinentibus ; grangiam de Wagne, de Salth[age], de la 
More, et del Holme cum omnibus ad eas pertinentibus, grangiam 
quoque de Warram, et donationes omnes a Willelmo Fossard 
seniore et Willelmo filio ejus monasterio vestro rationabiliter factas 
sicut eas legitime possidetis eidem monasterio auctoritate apo- 
stolica confirmamus et presentis scripti patrocinio communimus ; 
Salthah quoque et omnes pasturas et bercarias ad ilium locum 
pertinentes, terras quas possidetis in Mitun, pasturas et bercaria 
ad grangiam quam ibidem habetis spectantes. Paci quoque et 
tranquillitati vestre paterna diligentia volentes, auctoritate apo- 
stolica prohibemus ut infra clausuram locorum seu grangiarum 
vestrarum nullus violentiam facere vel rapinam seu furtum com- 
mittere aut ignem apponere vel homines capere vel interficere 
audeat. Sane laborum vestrorum quos propriis manibus aut 
sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestrorum animalium nullus 
a vobis decimas presumat exigere. Liceat quoque vobis clericos 
vel laicos e seculo fugientes liberos et absolutes in monasterio 
vestro recipere et eos sine contradictione aliqua retinere. Pro- 
hibemus insuper ut nulli fratrum vestrorum post factam in eodem 
loco professionem aliqua levitate sine prioris vel abbatis sui 
licentia fas sit de claustro discedere ; discedentes vero absque 
communum litterarum cautione nullus audeat retinere. Decre- 
vimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominum liceat supradictum mona- 
sterium temere perturbare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel ablatas 
retinere, minuere seu quibuslibet vexationibus fatigare ; set 
illibata omnia et integra conserventur eorum pro quorum guber- 
natione et sustentatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis pro- 
futura': salva sedis [apostolice] auctoritate. Si qua igitur in 
futurum ecclesiastica secularisve persona hanc nostre constitu- 
tionis paginam sciens contra earn temere venire temptaverit, 
secundo tertiove commonita, nisi presumptionem suam congrua 
satisfactione correxerit, potestatis honorisque sui dignitate careat 
reamque se divino judicio existere de perpetrata iniquitate co- 
gnoscat et a sacratissimo corpore et sanguine Dei et Domini 
Redemptoris nostri Jhesu Christi aliena fiat atque in extremo 
examine districte ultioni subjaceat. Cunctis autem eidem loco 
sua jura servantibus sit pax Domini nostri Jhesu Christi quatinus 
et hie fructum bone actionis percipiant et apud districtum Judicem 
premia eterne pacis inveniant. Amen. Amen. Amen. Datum 
Venetiis in Rivo-alto per manum Gratiani sancte Romane ecclesie 



HOLDERNESS FEE: MEAUX, WAWNE 105 

subdiaconi et notarii x. kal. Julii, indictione decima, Incarnationis 
dominice anno M.C .LXX.VII . pontificatus vero domini Alexandri 
pape III. anno xviii . 

1393. Confirmation by Alexander III to the abbot and convent of 

Meaux of agreements by them made touching tithes, inhibition 
against the excommunication of their servants, and prohibi- 
tion against other (monastic) habitations within half a league 
of their own. 18 December, 1170-1172 or 1178-1180. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. *]d. 

Alexander episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis 
abbati et conventui de Melsa salutem et apostolicam benedic- 
tionem. Religiosorum votis et desideriis clementer annuere et 
effectu ea prosequente complere cura nos suscepti regiminis 
ammonet et debitum postulat caritatis. Eapropter, dilecti in 
Domino filii, vestris postulationibus benignius annuentes apo- 
stolica vobis auctoritate duximus indulgendum ut compositiones 
super decimis inter vos et quaslibet personas ecclesiasticas cum 
utriusque voluntate facte, rate perpetuis temporibus et inconcusse 
persistant. Illud etiam duximus adjiciendum ne quis episcoporum 
vel clericorum pro hiis que vobis ab apostolica sunt benignitate 
indulta servientes vestros interdicere vel in eos excommunica- 
tionis audeat sententiam promulgare. Prohibemus quoque ne 
quis prope monasterium vestrum ad dimidiam leucam sibi habi- 
tationem facial de qua merito possit vestra religio conturbari. 
Statuentes ut nullus omnino hominum liceat hanc paginam 
nostre constitutionis infringere vel ei ausu temerario contraire. 
Si quis autem hoc attemptare presumpserit indignationem omni- 
potentis Dei et Beatorum Petri et Pauli apostolorum ejus se noverit 
incursurum. Datum Tusculani xv. kal. Januarii. 

1 394. Grant by Robert de Meaux to the monks of Meaux of land 
(in Wawne ?) on the southern side of Gyselfleet, 6 perches in 
breadth and extending from the Hull to the marsh ditch. 
1180-1196. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. III. 

Omnibus Dei fidelibus visuris vel audituris literas has Robertus 
de Melsa salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et presenti 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Melsa 
totam terram meam sine retenimento quam habui ex australi 
parte Gyselfleth, videlicet sex perticatas in latum et in longum ab 
Hull usque ad fossatum marisci. Hanc donationem feci eis pro 
salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni terreno servitio, cum libero 
introitu et exitu et omnibus libertatibus ad predictam terram per- 
tinentibus. Et ego et heredes mei earn predictis monachis contra 
omnes warantizabimus imperpetuum. Hiis testibus: Thoma de 



io6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Melsa, Johanne de Melsa, Simone Berner, Willelmo filio Walteri, 
Thoma clerico de Rude, Reynero de Wagna, Alano de Sutton. 

This gift is not named in the Chronicles of Meaux, but 2 other gifts of 
Robert son of John de Meaux are mentioned during the abbacy of Philip 
(1160-1182), namely of i bovate and 6 perches of land in Wawne, which 
the donor held of Peter de Wawne, who held of the monastery ; l and of 4 
bovates in Myton, pasture for 400 sheep, the onset of a fishery in the 
Humber, 2 parts of his salt-houses and the toft and croft on which the hall 
(of Myton ?) stood. This last tenement Robert had received in marriage 
with Matilda his wife, daughter of Hugh Camyn by Anora his wife.* 
Robert and Matilda also gave 2 parts of their fee of the Wyke of Myton 
and of Sevenstanges. 3 

John de Meaux, father of Robert, was living during part of the time that 
William de Mandeville, earl of Essex, was lord of Holderness (1179-1189).* 

Robert his son died in 1196, and before Easter, 1197, his son John paid 
relief for a feudal tenement held of the fee of the archbishopric. 5 On 7 
September, 1196, Matilda Camin, (relict of Robert de Meaux), quit-claimed 
to John de " Menus," her son, 4 carucates in Seaton, the town of Willerby, 
10 bovates in Myton and her dower of the land of Robert, father of John. 
For this her son assigned to her for dower rents in Beverley, Acklam 
and Bewick, the town of Leppington of her own inheritance, also i car. 
in Bewick and the service of if car. in Walkington and elsewhere.* 

In 1284-5 John de Meaux held 5 car. in Bewick and Walkington. 7 

1395. Feoffment by William earl of Albemarle to Ralph de Ulram of 
3 carucates in Ulrome, late of Adelin his father, to hold for 
30^. yearly for all customs. 1150-1170. 

From the evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, 
f. 63d. 

Willelmus Albamarl[ie] comes dapifero et omnibus ministris 
baronibusque suis Francis et Anglis salutem. Sciatis me tradi- 
disse et concessisse in feodo et hereditate Radulfo de Olram et 
omnibus heredibus suis, tenendas de me et heredibus meis, tres 
carucatas terre cum omnibus pertinentiis quas fuerunt Adelini 
patris sui 8 in Olram, xxx. solidos reddendo unoquoque anno pro 
omnibus consuetudinibus. Hoc factum fuit apud Barou. His 
testibus, Stephano fratre comitis, Willelmo de Otringham, Alano 
de [Moncellis], Everardo de Rossa, Hugone de Eu[er]moi, 
Thuruartho clerico de Aldeburga et Alano filio ejus, Roberto 
Cokerel, Ricardo de Warrenda, Basin[g]o filio Suani, Benedicto 
camerario, Wiberto magistro Stephani peitri. 9 

Ralph de Ulram and Robert his son attest a charter of Richard, son of 
Adelard, the knight of Willerby, to Bridlington. 10 The date appears to be 
about the middle of the reign of Henry II. The descent of the family is 
obscure. Robert de Ulram held these 3 car. about the year 1260, and 
Adam in 1284-5." 

1 op.dt., 159. a ib., 1 68. 3 ib. 

* Chartul. of Guisbro\ ii, 212. * Pipe R., 9 Ric. I. 

Feet of F. (Pipe R. Soc.), xvii, 136. 

7 Kirkby's Quest, 75 ; Cat. of Inq.,iv, 352. 

8 "patresuo"; MS. Perhaps " Wiberto magistro Stephani pueri." 
10 Chartul. of Brid., 103. " Kirkby's Quest, 372 ; ib., 76. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: ULROME, NUTTLES 107 

1396. Notification by William earl of Albemarle to Roger archbishop 
of York of his grant to the canons of Bridlington of 30*. 
which Robert de Ulram renders yearly for land in Ulrome. 
^.1160-1178. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 227. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 303. 

W[illelmus] comes Albem[arlie] Rogero Dei gratia Eboracensi 
archiepiscopo et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. 
Notum sit vobis me concessisse et dedisse et presentis carte 
testimonio confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie de Bridlintona et 
canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus xxx. solidos quos Robertus de 
Ulram annuatim michi reddebat de terra de Ulram quam de me 
tenet, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; tenendos 
de me et heredibus meis et a Roberto et ab heredibus suis 
annuatim reddendos eis, salvo michi et heredibus meis toto reliquo 
servitio quod ipse et predecessores sui fecerunt predecessoribus 
meis et michi debent et heredibus meis. Teste Hugone Murdac, 
David Lardinario, Radulfo de Amundevilla, W[illelmo] de 
Otringham, J[ohanne] de Melsa, Rogero clerico, Willelmo ca- 
m[erar]io, Hingelberto de Maineriis, Radulfo de Grendal', Serlone 
Talun, Roberto Wacelino. 

1397. Agreement made between the church of Skeckling and the 
chapel of Nuttles by authority of Roger, archbishop of York, 
in the house of Hugh de Verli at Swine and confirmed in the 
chapter of Holderness in the church of Mappleton, master 
William de Gilling being then vice-archdeacon, that the chapel 
of Nuttles shall give yearly 5*. to the mother church of 
Skeckling and 6d. for sinodals, the 5^. to be paid by the 
tenant of the bovate which Leofwin Cotehog held and the 
sinodals by the tenant of the bovate which William son of 
Thorold de Nutle held ; the necessary books, vestments and 
lights of the said chapel to be provided by Morwand and his 
heirs ; the church of Skeckling shall cause divine service to 
be held in the chapel weekly on Sunday and Friday and on 
all holiday festivals ; the men of Morwand who belong to the 
parish of Skeckling shall attend the great mass at the church 
of Skeckling on Christmas day, Candlemas day, Easter day, 
and the festival of the mother church. 1 1 54-1180. 

From the original formerly penes Thos. Barnby of Barnby ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxix, f. 45. 

Sciant omnes tarn futuri quam presentes quod hec est con- 
ventio inter ecclesiam de Scehlinge et capellam de Nutle : que 
capella de Nutle dabit singulis annis v. solidos matrici ecclesie de 
Scehlinge, scilicet medietatem ad Pentecosten et alteram medieta- 
tem ad festum Sancti Martini, et vi. d. sinodales reddendos ad 
terminum Paschalem. Hos v. solidos solvet matrici ecclesie de 
Scehlinge quicunque tenebit illam bovatam terre quam tenuit 



IO8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Lefwinus Cotehog ; denarios quoque sinodales solvet matrici 
ecclesie quicunque tenebit bovatam terre quam tenuit Willelmus 
filius Toraldi de Nutle. Preterea Moruandus et heredes sui 
ministrabunt eidem capelle omnia necessaria in libris et vestimentis 
et luminariis. Ecclesia de Scehlinge faciet celebrare divina de 
Nutle ii. diebus in hebdomada, scilicet die Dominica et die 
Veneris, per totum annum et per omnes dies festos feriabiles. 
Homines Moruandi qui sunt de parochia de Scehlinge Venient 
ad magnam missam ad ecclesiam de Scehlinge die Natalis 
Domini et in Purificationis Sancte Marie et die Pasche et die 
festivitatis matricis ecclesie. Hec conventio facta est assensu et 
auctoritate domini Rogeri Eboracensis archiepiscopi in domo 
Hugonis de Verli apud Suine et confirmata in capitulo de Holder- 
ness in ecclesia de Mapleton, magistro Willelmo de Gillinge tune 
temporis vice-archidiacono. Hiis testibus : Jacobo decano, 
magistro Angoto de Beverli, Willelmo persona de Pagla, Johanne 
de Scrutevilla, Stephano de Widornewic, Rogero fratre ejus 
sacerdote, Petro persona de Scehlinge, Roberto de Humbletun, 
Guidone de Hedun, et Willelmo Talun. 

Poulson cites a charter of William earl of Albemarle, granting to his 
man Morvan all the land of " Nutell." 1 Morwan the wheelwright (rotarius) 
gave to the abbey of Thornton a rent of 2s. in " Nuttele." 2 There are 
places, now farm-houses, named Nuttles and Nuthill, both in the parish 
of Skeckling. The manor held by the family of Nuthill seems always to 
have been named Nuttles. As Nuthill is close to Skeckling, while Great 
Nuttles or Nuttles Hall lies some distance away in the extreme northern 
point of the parish, it is probable that " Nutle " in this document should be 
rendered " Nuttles." 

John de Nutle held this tenement from before 1241 to his death in 1275,* 
and Peter his son held 2 carucates in Nuttles in 1284-5.* 

1398. Grant by Robert, abbot of Aumale, and the convent to Hugh 
son of Benedict of the celebration (of divine service) in his 
chapel of Nuttles, rendering to them yearly at Martinmas an 
annual pension of i bezant and to the church of Skeckling 
i mark, and presenting a fit vicar to the parson of Skeckling. 
The licence to cease in case of non-payment of the pension. 
1203-1221. 

From the evidences of Thomas Barn by of Barnby ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxix, f. 45. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis Robertus Dei gratia 
abbas Albemarflie] et conventus ejusdem loci salutem. Noverit 
universitas vestra nos concessisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse 
Hugoni filio Benedict! et heredibus suis celebrationem in capella 
sua de Nutle, reddendo nobis annua pensione ad festum Sancti 
Martini in hyeme unum bizantum, et ecclesie de Skekelinge 5 unam 

1 Cart. 215, 28 ; Holderness, ii, 365. * Man. Angl., vi, 327*. 

1 Feet of F., 35, n. 26. * Kirkby 1 * Quest, 76 ; Col. of Inq., iv, 353. 

4 Cf. Reg. Gray, 114. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: NUTTLES, SKEFFLING 109 

marcam argenti. Prefatus Hugo vel heredes sui idoneum quern 
voluerint vicarium persone de Skekelinge ad eandem videlicet 
capellam presentabunt. Quod si prenominatus Hugo vel heredes 
sui jamdictum bizantum ad prefatum terminum annuatim nobis 
reddere desierint, predicta capella cessabit quousque prelibata 
pensio nobis persolvatur. Hiis testibus, Jordano abbate de 
Thorneton, Thoma de Melsa, Willelmo de Pagla, Hugone de 
Borton, Johanne de Melsa, Ada de Preston, Herberto do Flinton, 
Radulfo de Brustewic, Bernardo de Brustewic. 

1399. Confirmation by William earl of Albemarle to Simon de 
Sceftling of the exchange which Simon made with the earl's 
men in Skeffling, with liberty to erect a mill near his house of 
Lundhagh and to remove his mill by the Humber to a better 
; site upon the same Fleet. At Aumale. ^.1150-1176. 
Evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 71. 

Willelmus comes Albemar[lie] dapifero suo et vicecomiti om- 
nibusque baronibus suis Francis et Anglicis salutem. Notum 
vobis sit me concessisse Simoni de Sceftlinga omne illud excam- 
bium quod excambuit cum hominibus meis de Sckeftling in per- 
petuum, et ut quoddam molendinum firmet juxta domum suam de 
Lundhaga ubicumque voluerit in proprio feodo suo vel in predicto 
excambio, et ut molendinum suum quod est juxta Humbr[iam] 
ubicumque voluerit removeat super eandem Flethe in aptiorem 
. . . locum et hoc sine licentia [mei vel ?] dapiferi mei ; et quantum 
quod ei necesse fuerit ad idem molendinum reparandum de opere 
terre intra claustrum meum * accipiat. Hoc factum est apud 
Albamarl[iam] hiis testibus: Willelmo Biseth, Ulberto consta- 
bulario, Willelmo fratre ejus, Ricafdo fratre ejus, Willelmo de 
Reinswella, magistro Guarnero, Barnardo de Helkwella, Basingo 
filio Suani, et aliis multis. 

Ulbert the constable, who attests, had been succeeded before 1176 by 
Robert his son. 2 Simon de Sheflings was enfeoffed by Alan son of Waldeve, 
lord of Allerdale, of a moiety of (Church) Dearham, in Allerdale, co. Cumb.* 
William son of Simon Sheflings, lord of Dearham, gave to the monks of 
Holm Cultram his part of a fishing at the mouth of the river Alne. 4 

1400. Notification by William earl of Albemarle that, after the grant 
of 4 worth of land in Skeffling made to Ingelbert de Mainers, 
he granted to Isaac de Skefteling in the same town in 
augmentation (?) the lands which used to render 175. of farm, 
3 rustics, the mill of Winstead (?) of &s. rent, and all the 
demesne of Skeffling which remained beyond the gift to 
Ingelbert ; to hold with his other fee by the service of a 6th 

1 Prof. Tait suggests : " de cooperto intra forestam meam." 

* Pipe R., 22 Hen. II, 109. 

Denton's Acct. of Cumberland (Cumb. and Westmld. Arch, boc.), 42. 

4 



HO EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

part of a knight's fee for ward of the castle of Skipsea. 
1165-1179. 

Evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. J2ct. 
Willelmus comes Alb[emarlie] dapifero suo et vicecomiti omni- 
busque baronibus suis Francis et Anglis salutem. Notum vobis 
sit, post donationem quatuor librarum terre quam dedi Igelberto l 
Maneriarum in Escftel[inga], me concessisse et donasse Ysaac de 
Escftelfinga] in eadem villa encres 2 omnes terras illas que antea 
mihi xvii. solidos de firma reddebant et tres rusticos qui quondam 
partem illarum terrarum tenebaht et molendinum de Winsete 
quod mihi octo solidos reddebat et quicquid in dominio meo re- 
manserat infra metas de Escftelfinga] post predictam donationem 
Igelberto, 1 sibi et heredibus suis libere, solute et quiete in feudo 
et hereditate de me et heredibus meis tenendum cum alio feudo 
suo quod de me tenet et eodem homagio quod de predicto feudo 
mihi ante fecerat et infra servitium predicti feudi, scilicet per 
servitium sexte partis unius militis ad custodiam castelli de Skipse 
ad servitium regis, ita libere sicut aliquis baronum meorum 
liberius tenet. His testibus, Roberto de Stutevill', Elia de Mund- 
vill', G[irardo] de Fanecort, Roberto constabulario, Her[nisio] 
de Gosl[a], Hosb[erto] de Frismar[eis], Ben[edicto] camarario, 
Thoma de Wivell, Thurstano Broc'. 

Seal indecipherable. 

Isaac de Skeftling, a sagacious clerk and man of great authority, gave 
to the monks of Meaux 12 bovates in Doddington of the fee of Ernald de 
Montbegon, reserving the tofts. 3 Reference to this gift, which was made 
during the period 1160-1182, has already been made. Engelbert de 
Mainers gave to the canons of Thornton i bovate in Skeffling.* 

1401. Grant by Simon de Skefling for the health of the soul of Alice 
his wife to the church of St. Martin of Aumale and St. 
Helen of Burstall and to the monks of Aumale serving God 
in the church of Burstall of \ carucate lying towards the sun 
of his demesne in Skeffling with his pasture of West Mareis 
and his common right there, the moiety of the pasture where 
his oxen were accustomed to feed, the moiety of his mea- 
dow of Foss and of that in the closes within his intake in 
that town and 4 closes with the several tenants of the same. 
c. 1 1 75-1 195. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 
f. 238. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit ego Simon de Skefling salutem. Noverit universitas 
vestra me pietatis intuitu, pro salute anime mee et Alicie uxoris 
mee, dedisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et Beate 

1 " Igbt" ; MS. - Possibly for Escftel[inge]. 

9 Chron. de Melsa, i, 161. * Man. Angl., vi, 327. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: SKEFFLING, BRIGHAM m 

Marie et ecclesie Sancti Martini de Albemarlia et Sancte Elene 
de Birstal' et monachis de Albemarlia ibidem Deo servientibus, 
scilicet in ecclesia de Birstal Deo servientibus, in puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam dimidiam carucatam terre versus solem de 
dominicatu meo in territorio de Skeftling cum tota pastura mea 
de Westmarisco et communitate quam ibidem habeo ; insuper et 
medietatem pasture ubi boves mei consuescunt pascere ; medie- 
tatem etiam totius prati mei de Foss et medietatem prati quod est 
in clausis in meo avenam in eadem villa et cum omnibus aliis 
pertinentiis eidem terre et aesiamentis infra predictam villam et 
extra, et cum quatuor clausis et servitiis hominum tenentium 
eadem clausa aliquando, scilicet Radulfi molendinarii, Otonis 
majus, Rohan vidue, Alicie vidue et eorum sequentium. Hanc 
autem donationem meam et elemosinam ego Simon et heredes mei 
warantizabimus prefate ecclesie et contra omnes homines imper- 
petuum defendemus in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; 
et ut hec mea donatio rata et inconcussa imperpetuum perseveret 
presens scriptum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. Hiis testibus, 
Matheo de Thorn', Ivone de Hesington, capellanis, Petro de Melsa, 
Galfrido de Fribois, Johanne de Risom, Roberto de Fribois, 
Roberto de Torp, Roberto de Nortorp, Henrico de Hoton, Alano 
de Killing', Jordano de Redmar', Roberto de Marisco, Radulfo de 
Hoton', Mattheo de Wiveton, et multis aliis. 

In 1226 Robert Le Summetier released to the abbot and convent of 
Aumale his right and that of his heirs by descent from Philip son of Ros- 
celin, the priest, his grandfather and Richard son of the said Philip, the 
grantor's father, in land which they had in the town of Skeffling and in 
Burstall-holme. Simon de Skefeling and William his son, both knights, 
were among the witnesses. 1 About the year 1260 the king held 2 caru- 
cates in Skeffling in demesne. 2 In 1287 the holding of the local family had 
been reduced to 3 bovates. 3 

1402. Grant by Osbert son of Walter de Frisemareis to Robert Talun 
of Kelk of the homage and service with the fee of Hugh, son 
of Osbert de Frisemareis, for 5 bovates in Brigham and of 
Ralph, son of Alan de Frisemareis, for land in Beeford, in con- 
sideration of a sum of money, to hold in fee by doing forinsec 
service, with warranty or an exchange of lands of equal value in 
the town of Sunthorpe or in that of Frisemareis. 1 187-1207. 
From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, 

f. 2590?. 

Sciant omnes tarn futuri quam presentes quod ego Osebertus 
filius Waited de Friscemarasco dedi et hac present! charta mea 
confirmavi Roberto Talun de Kelcha et heredibus suis homagium 
et totum servitium cum feudo Hugonis filii Osberti de Frise- 
marasco sine ullo retenemento de quinque bovatis terre cum per- 

i Dodsw. MS}, vii, f. 242. 2 Kirkby's Quest, 376. 

Cat. oflnq., iv, 353. 



112 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

tinentiis in Brigham quas de me tenuit, et homagium et totum 
servitium cum feudo Radulfi filii Alani de Frisemarasco de tota 
terra quam de me tenuit in Biford sine ullo rete[ne]mento ei et 
heredibus suis, pro servitio suo et pro homagio suo et pro pecunia 
sua quam mihi dedit, libere et quiete et honorifice tenendum de 
me et de heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, faciendo forinsecum 
servitium. Hanc vero donationem et confirmationem ego Osbertus 
et heredes mei guarantizare tenemur prenominato Roberto et 
heredibus suis vel exchambium dare ad valentiam in villa de 
Suntorp vel in villa de Frisemarasco. Hiis testibus, Willelmo 
Talun eo tempore decano de Holdernesse, Johanne de Melsa, 
Simone de Scefling, Johanne de Risum, Radulfo de Wellewic, 
Johanne de Harpam, Radulfo de Ulram, Johanne de Melsa de 
Bewic, Johanne de Aldeburg, Willelmo de Bovintona, Amando 
pincerna, Galfrido de Fribois, Hugone de Halsam, Baldewino de 
Alverstain, Willelmo de Siwardebi, Hugone de Brigham, Petro de 
Spineto, Johanne Talun, Roberto de Nortorp, Hugone fratre ejus, 
Jordano de Redmar et multis aliis. 

The land in Brigham was held directly of the crown. At the Survey 
carucate in " Drigelinghe" was a berewick of Great Driffield, and I carucate 
in Elestolf or Estolf (in Brigham) was soc of the manor of Bridlington. 1 
This land was given by Henry I to Ougrim de Frisemareis, who was par- 
doned in 1130 an amercement of 40^. imposed by the justices in eyre and 
30^. imposed upon the land of William de "Albamare" in " Helderneis." * 
Brigham was held of the crown, quit of the ancient farm, possibly until the 
accession of Henry II, but at Michaelmas, 1179, Walter son of Osbert son 
of Augrim de Frisemareis obtained remission of the yearly farm of 24^., and 
in 1180 and subsequent years this sum became a credit against the sheriff's 
farm of Yorkshire due to the crown. 3 Walter died in 1187, and in that 
year the keepers of the archbishopric account for 26s. %d. of the relief of 
the socage of Osbert de Frisemareis,* son and heir of Walter, for land in 
Great Kelk and Frisemareis, the site of the last named lying in the Humber 
between Sunk Island and Skeffling, near Sunthorpe, a town where Osbert 
held land under the earl of Albemarle. Sunthorpe, like Frisemareis, has 
long been devoured by the sea. In Beeford, between Skipsea and North 
Frodingham, Osbert seems to have also held land of the earl. 

In 1189 the townships of Keyingham, Frisemareis and Ulrome were 
amerced 2os., 40^., and 2Os. respectively for the burial in each place of a 
corpse made without the Serjeants having viewed it. 5 In 1195 Osbert de 
Frisemareis withdrew from a plea, 9 and in 1207 the sheriff accounted for 323. 
received from Osbert's land in Brigham. 7 In 1225 the king granted to 
Roger de Hale, nephew of Simon de Hale, the land late of Osbert Fitz- 
Algrym de Frisemareis in Brigham, to hold at a farm of T.\ marks, which 
used to render by the sheriff's hands 32*. yearly. 8 Possibly Richard de 
Frisemareis was kinsman of Osbert. See the charters relating to the family 
of Fribois. 

1 V.C.H. Yorks.,'\\, 197. See Yorks. Inq. p.m., i, 109. 

* R. Mag. Pipes, 31 Hen. I, 28-29. 

3 ib., 33 Hen. II, Yks. * Pipe R., 26 Hen. II, 62. 

6 Gt. A. of the Pipe, I Ric. I, 86. Pipe R., ^ Ric. I, Yks. 

7 ib., 9 John. 8 Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 135. 



HOLDERNESS FEE : BEEFORD, FRISEMAREIS I I 3 

1403. Grant by Osbert de Frisemareis to William de Percy of Carnaby 
in fee of a toft of 2 acres in Frisemareis and 10 acres in the 
field of that town, to hold for a pound of cummin at Whitsun- 
tide. 1187-1207. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii 
f. 260. 

Omnibus has literas visuris vel audituris Osbertus de Fris- 
marisco salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac 
presenti carta mea confirmasse Willelmo de Perci de Kernetbi et 
heredibus suis pro homagio suo et servitio unum toftum in Fris- 
marisco quod continet duas acras terre, scilicet illud toftum quod 
Saxi tenuit, et decem acras terre in campo ejusdem ville quas 
Steffanus films Dune et Gilebertus tenuerunt cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis ; tenendas de me et heredibus meis in feudo et heredi- 
tate libere et quiete et solute ab servitio et exactione ; reddendo 
inde mihi et heredibus meis pro omni servitio unam libram cimini 
ad Pentecosten. Et ego et heredes mei debemus guarantizare 
predictum toftum et decem acras predictas prefato Willelmo et 
heredibus suis contra omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Radulfo 
capellano, Thoma capellano, Widone de Hellebec, Willelmo de 
Scoteni, Radulfo de Mara, Thoma de Alost, Johanne de Perci ; 
Lamberto, Roberto clericis; Thoma de Boelton, Rogero Picta- 
viensi, Roberto Arsic, Johanne Blume, Rogero coco, Willelmo 
Tusard, et multis aliis. 

William de Percy of Carnaby (Kernetebi) owed 3 marks in 1190 fora 
default. 1 In 1196 he proffered 2os. for a recognition to be made between 
him and Osbert de Brigham (Bricivetori) to declare. if Osbert had received 
of the land of Poles more than had been adjudged to him by a recognition.* 
In 1209 he proffered 5 marks to be "quit from the forest of Northumber- 
land." 3 Before 1219 he had been succeeded by Robert his son.* 

Robert de Percy, who gave the church of Carnaby to Bridlington, the 
gift being confirmed by Henry, archbishop of York (1147-1153),' seems to 
have been the youngest son of Alan de Percy I. There can be no doubt 
that he was father of William de Percy of Carnaby, who gave 2 bovates in 
Carnaby to Bridlington by charter attested, as this is, by Guy de Hellebeck.' 
William's lineal descendant, Peter son of Robert de Percy, confirmed the 
church of Carnaby to the canons. 7 

1404. Grant by Osbert son of Walter de Frisemareis to the canons of 

Bridlington of a bovate in Brigham late granted to Hugh son 
of Tokeman, and the same Hugh's land in Hedon. 1187- 
1207. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 233^. Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 310. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Osbertus filius 
Walteri de Frismareis dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confir- 

1 Pipe R., 2 Ric. I, Yk. * #., 8 Ric. I. 

3 ib., 1 1 John. * Percy Chartul., 56. 

6 Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlingti>n, 214,429. 



175. 



7 ** 



Ill H 



114 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

mavi ecclesie Sancte Marie de Bridel[intona] et canonicis ibidem 
Deo servientibus in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam unam 
bovatam terre in Brigham cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in villa 
et extra villam, illam scilicet quam dedi Hugoni filio Tokemanni 
pro horn agio et servitio suo, et quam ipse aliquamdiu de me 
tenuit; et preterea totam terram quam idem Hugo tenuit de me 
in Hedona, scilicet duo tofta quorum unum tenuit Willelmus filius 
Albrede et aliud Hugo Coddi, que jacent super fletum contra 
ilia duo tofta ; tenenda in eadem libertate quam ego Osbertus 
ea tenui de comite Albemarlie. Hec autem omnia sic ego 
Osbertus dedi et hac carta mea confirmavi predicte ecclesie 
libera et quieta ab omni servitio seculari sic ego et heredes mei 
warantizabimus ea eidem ecclesie et canonicis memoratis contra 
omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Sywardeby et Ro- 
berto et Ernaldo filiis, Waltero de Martona, Roberto Talun, 
Petro de Spineto, Radulfo de Ulram, Willelmo filio Adelardi de 
Besingby, Gilberto de Spineto, Willelmo de Lekeburn, Hugone 
de Norweg[ia], Gregorio de Buctona, Rogero marescallo, Roberto 
coco et aliis. 

1405. Notification by William earl of Albemarle of his grant to Gilo 
the falconer, nephew of Geoffrey de Cauz, of a carucates in 
Dringhoe, to hold by doing the service of the grantor's falcons, 
namely that he and a second bearer will be in the earl's court 
at his livery (allowance). 1160-^.1170. 
Evidences of Sir William Constable, bart. ; Add. MS. 26736, f. 63^. 

W[illelmus] comes Alb[emarlie] dapifero et vicecomiti suo et 
omnibus. baronibus suis et ministris salutem. Sciatis me dedisse 
et concessisse Gil[oni] falconario nepoti Gaufridi de Calz duas 
carucatas terre in Drenghou in feodo et hereditate, tenendas de 
me et heredibus meis sibi et heredibus libere et quiete, faciendo 
mihi servitium de falconibus meis, scilicet ipse et secundus por- 
tator cum tribus equis erunt in curia mea ad livrei l suum. Et ego 
et heredes mei warantizabimus illi et heredibus ejus predictam 
terram contra omnes homines tanquam meum demeigne. His 
testibus : Petro de Falconberg, Johanne de Melsa, Petro fratre 
ejus, Willelmo de Helperthorp, Roberto de Ulram, R[oberto] 
Jurdan, Godefrei de Harphaim, Willelmo cam[erario], Waltero 
cam[erario]. 

During the period 1182-1197 Robert de Cauz of Dringhoe gave to 
Meaux tofts and lands in Dringhoe computed at 6 bovates of land. 2 Gil- 
bert his son and Thomas son of John de Meaux were benefactors to the 
same abbey. 3 

In the next century Thomas, son of Gualo, gave to Meaux with his body 
and that of Adam his brother a carucate and 2 tofts in Dringhoe with 8 
natives tilling the same ; to Simon son of his brother Adam he gave a 

1 " Livree," i.e. livery. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 223. 3 Dodsw. MS. liii, f. 5. 



HOLDERNESS FEE: DRINGHOE, THORPE 115 

bovate and 2 tofts. Mazelina, only surviving daughter and heir of the said 
Simon, became the wife of Thomas de Meaux, son of Sir John de Meaux 
of Owthorne, and had issue. 1 There is a long account of the line in the 
Chronicle of Meaux. 

This town was held of the Merlays, who held of the fee of Brus. 

1406. Grant by William, earl of Albemarle, to William de Cauz, for 
his service during the earl's life in keeping his falcons, of i 
carucate in Thorpe ; to be held after the earl's death by the 
ancient service, c. 1160-1179. 

Chartul. of Meaux; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 119^. 

Willelmus comes Albemarl[ie] omnibus hominibus suis Francis 
et Anglis, necnon et omnibus audientibus et videntibus, salutem. 
Notum sit vobis me dedisse et concessisse et hac present} carta 
confirmasse Willelmo de Caux, pro humagio suo et servitio ser- 
viendo me de avibus meis in vita mea, unam carucatam terre in 
Thorp ; et illi et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis libere et 
quiete tenendam sicut superius dictum est, et post decessum meum 
per antiquum servitium quod ad terram pertinet. Hiis testibus, 
Willelmo de Otryngham, Roberto constabulario, et ceteris. 

Between 1 182 and 1 197 William de Cauz, lent., upon becoming a Templar, 
sold to the monks of Meaux this carucate in Thorpe-by-Aldbrough for 60 
marks, 2 as will be seen by the succeeding charter. The sale was confirmed 
by William de Forz and Hawise, countess of Albemarle, his wife. 8 

1407- Grant by William de Cauz to the monks of Meaux of the caru- 
cate in Thorpe which William, earl of Albemarle, gave him ; 
to hold in alms by doing forinsec service. 1182-1197. 

Chartul. of Meaux ; Lansd. MS. 424, f. 119^. 

Universis filiis sancte matris ecclesie visuris vel audituris 
literas has Willelmus de Cauz salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et dedisse et presentis carte mee testimonio confirmasse Deo et 
Sancte Marie et monachis de Melsa, in perpetuam et liberam 
elemosinam, illam carrucatam terre de Thorp quam Willelmus 
comes Albemarl' dedit michi pro humagio meo et servitio, ut 
illam habeant cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in terra arabili, in 
pratis et pascuis, et in omnibus aliis locis et aliis rebus que ad 
predictam terram pertinent; tenentes earn de comite Albemarl' 
et de heredibus suis in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, faciendo 
tantum forinsecum servitium comiti et heredibus suis. His testi- 
bus : magistro Rogero de Ponte, Eustachio sacerdote, et ceteris. 

1408. Grant by Isaac de Skirlington, for the soul of Simon his 
brother, to the convent of Newburgh of 5*. due yearly from 
William Palmer for his tenement in Skirlington. 1177-^.1190. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 239^; Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 318. 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Ysaac de Skirlingtona 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse etpresenti carta confirmasse Deo et 
1 Chron. de Melsa, ii, 45- * #-. '- 22 - ' Chartul., f. 119* 



Il6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ecclesie Sancte Marie de Novoburgo, pro anima mea et pro 
animabus patris mei et matris mee et fratris mei Symonis, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam v. solidos quos michi Willelmus 
Palmer pro terra quam tenet de me in Skirlingtona annuatim 
solvere debet. Hanc concessionem feci assensu ipsius Willelmi, 
ita videlicet quod ipse Willelmus et heredes ipsius reddent annua- 
tim predictos v. solidos apud Beverlacum in vigilia Sancti Johannis 
Baptiste, vel in die, illi quern prior de Novoburgo assignaverit. 
Hiis testibus, Roberto preposito de Beverlaco, magistro Milone, 
Philippo, Roberto, can[onicis] de Beverlaco, magistro Angoto, 
Hugone capellano, magistro Henrico. 

From the Chartulary of Bridlington we learn that Simon de Skirlington 
had a daughter Emeline, who married Gilbert de Skirlington. She con- 
firmed to the canons the carucate in Skirlington which Simon her father 
had given, and released the rent of 5-y. which they rendered for it. 1 Ralph 
son of Gilbert likewise confirmed. During the period 1210-1220 Ralph 
son of Gilbert de Skirlington and Emeline his mother gave to the monks 
of Meaux their demesne of 2 bovates in the town of Argam. 2 

It seems that the donor was Isaac de Skeftling, for Reginald son of 
William Palmer released to Newburgh those 2 bovates of his half carucate 
in Skirlington, for which his father and he paid 55-. yearly rent, by the gift 
of Isaac de Skeftling. This was attested by Simon de Skeftling and 
W(illiam) his son. 8 

1409- Grant by Walter Le Nair 4 to the nuns of Swine of 2 bovates 
in Skirlington, which Robert his father held, with the toft ; for 
5 marks which they gave him for his journey to Jerusalem. 
1188-1191. 
Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 240^; Abstr. in Lancaster's Chartul. of ., 319. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Walterus le Nair dedi et 
concessi et hac present! carta mea confirmavi Deo et Sancte 
Marie et sanctimonialibus de Swine ibidem Deo servientibus 
duas bovatas terre in territorio de Skirlingtona cum tofto, illas 
scilicet quas Robertus pater meus tenuit, cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis infra villam et extra, pro quinque marcis argenti quas 
michi proinde dederunt ad peregrinationem meam faciendam in 
lerosolimam ; tenendas et habendas libere et quiete, solute ab 
omni servitio et seculari demanda, faciendo forinsecum servitium 
quantum pertinet ad duas bovatas terre unde quadraginta et octo 
carucate terre faciunt feodum unius militis. Et ego Walterus et 
heredes mei predictis sanctimonialibus predictas bovatas terre 
contra omnes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. Hiis testi- 
bus, Symone de Skeftling, G[aufrido] de Friboys, Everardo de 
Withik, Adam de Wytona, R[adulfo] de Flintona, Baldewino 
Tirel, Waltero de Haitfeld, Ricardo de Marisco, Alexandro fratre 
suo, Willelmo Hog, P[ ] Hog, Herberto de Flintona, W[ ] 
fratre suo et aliis. 

1 op. cit. t 313. * Chron. de Melsa, i, 369. 

Chartul. ofBrid., 318. i.e. " Le Noir." 



HOLDERNESS FEE: SKIRLINGTON, HEMPHOLME 117 

1410. Grant by John son of William de Oketon to the canons of 
Bridlington of Hallytreeholme, Thornholme, Brackenholme, 
"Nepeholm," Hempholme, 2 fisheries in the Hull, the moiety 
of the marsh of Witheland and a free way from the bridge of 
Miclene to Hallytreeholme through Miclene Fleet ; all of 
which his ancestors gave to the canons. 1175-1190. 

Chartul. of Bridlington, f. 229; also Add. MS. 26736, f. 82. Abstr. in 
Lancaster's Chartul. of B., 305. 

Johannes films Willelmi de Oketona omnibus sancte matris 
ecclesie filiis salutem. Notum sit vobis me concessisse et dedisse 
et presentis carte testimonio confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Bridlington et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus in 
liberam et perpetuam elemosinam Halitreholm, Thorenholm, 
Brakenholm, Nepeholm, Hempholm, cum duabus piscariis in Hul 
et cum ceteris omnibus ad predicta loca pertinentibus et medie- 
tatem marisci de Witheland et liberum iter a ponte de Miclene 
usque ad Halitreholm per Micleneflet sine damno meo ; que omnia 
antecessores mei predictis canonicis ante dederant. Preterea con- 
cessi eisdem canonicis ut faciant trencatam in predicto marisco 
de Witheland inter partem meam et partem suam, ita quod in 
parte illorum sit trencata. His testibus : Roberto constabulario 
et Ricardo fratre ejus, R[oberto] x Jordani, R[oberto] de Oketona, 
Waltero filio Roberti de Wartria, Roberto de Craupol, W[illelmo] 
dispensatore, Serlone Talun, Gregorio filio Henrici Silver, Yvone 
de Thornetona, H[enrico] filio Willelmi Nairoun, Benedicto de 
Brid[lintona], Jordano de Eboraco, 2 Ricardo de Besingebi, 
J[ohanne] de Buketona, W[illelmo] de Hornebi, Nigello de Mora. 
Salvo clamore meo et antecessorum meorum. 

These places appear to be in the township of Hempholme and parish of 
Leven, and were part of the fee of the archbishop of York. During the 
period 1182-1197 the donor had a dispute with the monks of Meaux touch- 
ing the admeasurement of their land in Octon. 8 

1 In Add. MS. 26736 the Christian names are filled as shown in square brackets. 
1 Add. MS. 26736 reads " Benedicto de Eboraco, Jordano de Bridlintona. 
* Chron. de Melsa, i, 230. 



XXV. THE HONOR OF LANCASTER 



1411. Confirmation by Ralph Pluket to the monks of Roche of the 
land of Brancliffe, in Anston, which they held when John, 
count of Mortain, rendered to the grantor the town of Anston, 
and wood and land on one side of the stream as far as Thorpe 
(Salvin) and on the other side of his mill-stream a furlong in 
breadth and in length as far as their land extends, namely to 
the bounds of Shireoaks ; also tillages called Herdewikecroft 
and Botildewellewong, and pasture for 9 score sheep and the 
oxen of their grange. 1189-1201. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 304. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Radulfus Pluket salutem. Notum sit vobis me dedisse et hac 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Rupe, 
pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee et omnium 
parentum meorum, totam terram quam habent in territorio de 
Ennestan integre, sicut earn tenuerunt in die qua Johannes comes 
Moretonie reddidit michi villam de Ennestan, scilicet Branteclive 
et totum boscum et terram quam habeo ex ilia parte aque usque 
ad divisas de Torp et ex altera parte aque de molendino meo 
unam quarentenam in latum et in longum quantum terra pre- 
dictorum monachorum durat, id est usque ad divisas de Sireakes, 
et unam culturam, scilicet Herdewikecroft que habet ad minus 
xx. acras, et unam alteram culturam que vocatur Botildewellewong 
per suas rectas divisas et communem pasturam novies xx. ovibus 
in campo de Ennestan et similiter bobus de predicta grangia, in 
perpetuam et puram elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni 
seculari servitio et de omnibus consuetudinibus que ad ullum 
hominem terrenum pertinent. Et ego et heredes mei waranti- 
zabimus predictis monachis prenominatam terram et defendemus 
adversus omnes. Hiis testibus, domino Matheo abbate et con- 
ventu de Rufford, Swano de Hoiland et Willelmo fratre ejus, 
Ada persona de Chaworthe, Johanne de Manvilla, Waltero de 
Bailoelet, Philippo de Annerdoen, Galfrido Luterell, Willelmo de 
Dreitun, Thoma de Hoili, Albino de Holm. 

A drawing of the seal of Ralf Pluket. 

118 



HONOR OF LANCASTER: ANSTON I IQ 

The land in Yorkshire which ultimately became part of the honor of 
Lancaster is thus described in the Domesday Survey : 

LAND OF ROGER DE BUSLI. 

Manor Holder MO,,,, o 

orSoc. T.R.E. Manor. Soc. car. bov. 

S Earl Edwin Laughton North Anston 10 o 

When Henry I, about the year 1115, gave to his nephew, Stephen of 
Blois, the honor of count Roger of Poitou, which was afterwards known 
as the honor of Lancaster, he included in the gift 10 carucates in North 
Anston. Possibly this feoffment of land in Yorkshire may be explained by 
the circumstance that the ancestor of Leon de Malnvers had been enfeoffed 
of this estate and of Holme Pierrepont, co. Nott., both being members of 
the escheated fief of Roger de Busli, and also of lands in Nottinghamshire, 
formerly of the fief of count Roger of Poitou, for the service of 2 knights. 
In order to bring the total feudal service of the honor of Lancaster to a 
host befitting the king's nephew, various members of different escheated 
fiefs were brought into the newly constituted honor. Thus it arose that a 
small estate in Yorkshire became charged with the service of castle-guard 
at the castle of Lancaster. 

In 1166 Hugh Plucher [sic] and Leon de Malnvers paid 2 marks in 
respect of 2 knights' fees as a contribution to the expenses of the army. 
This payment was demanded in respect of the honor of Lancaster. 1 Leon 
was amerced in Yorkshire in 1176 for an assize broken.* Two years later 
he made an agreement with the canon's of Thurgarton about land in 
Keyworth. 8 He gave to the monks of Roche the land of Brancliffe, where 
they made a grange. The gift was confirmed by pope Urban in 1186.* 
He was succeeded by his son Michael, who was amerced in Yorkshire in 
1190 for a default. 5 In 1201 Ralph Pluket conveyed his interest in the 
town of Anston, co. York, and that of Holme (Pierrepont), co. Nott., to 
Michael to hold for 2 knights' fees, reserving the next presentation of the 
church of Holme. 6 Next year Ralph retired from allegiance to the English 
crown, 7 but returned to it in 1217." Michael de Malnvers was returned in 
12 1 2 as holding 2 fees of the honor of Lancaster, one being in Yorkshire 
and the other in Nottinghamshire.* It is however possible that he died 
before 1212. At any rate Leon, his son, owed 2 marks in 1210 "super 
patrem suum" for a loan made at Dublin during the expedition to Ireland. 10 
About 4 April, 1223, the lands of Leon de Malnvers in co. Nott. were 
ordered to be seized because he had taken part in the prohibited tournament 
at Blythe. 11 In March, 1225, he had letters of protection upon going to 
Gascony, 12 where he probably died, for in August, 1226, the custody of his 
land and heir with the marriage of the heirs was granted to Ralph Fitz- 
Nicholas, the king's steward. 13 Michael, his son, succeeded. Hugh 
Pluket, father of Ralph, held a moiety of Dunham, co. Nott., by the 
feoffment of Matthew, count . of Boulogne. On 18 March, 1218, the 
seneschal of Reginald Danmartin, count of Boulogne, was directed to give 
seisin of half the town of Dunham to Ralph, son of Hugh Pluket ; u but in 
June following Ralph was apparently dead, for his land in Dunham was 
then committed to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke. 18 

1 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 16. * *-, 22 Hen. II, no. 

Thoroton, Notts, (ed. Throsby), i, 82. * Mon. AngL, v, 505. 

Pipe R., 2 Ric. I. Feet of F., Notts., John. 

Thoroton, A'otts., i, 177. ' K. Litt. Claus., i, 323. 9 Red Bk., 509. 
1 R. de Prestito, 222. " K. Litt. Clans., i, 5680. 

Pat. R., 1216-1225, p. 574. " A'. Litt. Claus., n, 132. 

" i6., i, 356*. 1S Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 14- 



I2O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1412. Notification by the abbot and convent of Roche that certain 
land mentioned in the charter of Leon de Malnvers and 
Michael his son shall remain as the common pasture of 
the grange of Brancliffe and town of (North) Anston, so 
that neither the monks nor the men of Anston shall make 
any improvement there without the consent of both parties. 
1176-1189. 

From the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii., 
f. 306^. 

Sciant omnes videntes vel audientes literas has quod Abbas 
de Roche ejusdemque loci conventus concesserunt remanere 
quandam terram scriptam et confirmatam in carta Leonis de 
Malnver et Michaelis filii ejus in communem pasturam grangie 
de Branteclive et ville de Anestan, scilicet, in longum a vado 
pontis monachorum usque ad molendinum de Annestan ab 
aquilonali parte aque que currit de eodem molendino et in latum 
apud aquilonem unam quarentenam ab eadem aqua. Hec pre- 
dicta terra et boscum inter predictas divisas ita communitum 
remanebit ut nullus eorum in predicta terra cujuslibet operis 
aliquid faciat sine alterius consensu. Hii sunt testes : Rainerus l 
tune temporis vicecomes Eboraci, Willelmus Fossard, Rogerus 
de Mugheden' constabularius de Richemund, Richerius de 
Washam, Rogerus de Bavent, Willelmus de Etun, Willelmus 
films Rodberti de Siclinghale, Tomas films Rodberti, Race del 
Busc, Matheus de Estun, Willelmus de Corneburc, Rodbertus le 
Vavasur, Ricardus le Vavasur, Tomas filius Tome, Walterus de 
Boventun, Walterus filius Hugonis, Willelmus de Witun, Ra- 
dulfus del We, Rodbertus de la Mare, Rogerus filius Gaufridi. 

The date of this document is before Michaelmas, 1189, when Rainer 
de Waxtonesham ceased to be under-sheriff of Yorkshire. If there be 
doubt whether Rainer was the under-sheriff when this instrument was 
issued, and presuming that there was an under-sheriff named Rainald, then 
the date may be Michaelmas, 1189, to March, 1191. But Walter son of 
Hugh is named under-sheriff during this period. Consequently it is almost 
certain that " Rainaldus " is an error of extension made by Dodsworth of 
" Rain.'," or some such abbreviation, for " Rainerus." 

In June, 1199, Race de Buc was engaged in a suit in the king's court 
against Adam (sic) Ursel. 2 The suit had been instituted as early as 
Michaelmas term, 1195, when Ursell de Buc appeared against " Racius " 
de Buc in a plea of 6 carucates in Harthill (" Hertwell")/' which Reginald 
de Warenrie had given to Ursell his father for his homage and service. 
Ursell, the father, afterwards gave the same to Ursell, the younger, as his 
purchase, and also gave to Race (" Racius "), brother of Ursell, the younger, 
the inheritance in Normandy, as to his heir. After the death of the elder 
Ursell the younger Ursell was in the custody of Reginald de Warenne, the 
lord of the fee, and during the minority of Ursell he received the issues of 
the land in Harthill. In July, 1199, Race defended his right and denied 

1 " Rainaldus" ; Dodsw. MS. * A\ Cur. Regis, i., 242. * ib., 345. 



HONOR OF LANCASTER: ANSTON 12 1 

that his father gave him any inheritance, or that he had any save that 
which Ursell was claiming, which Reginald de Warenne gave him, and 
after his father's death remained to Race as eldest son and heir. Then 
Reginald de Warenne dispossessed him, whereupon he maintained his 
right to it in the king's court in the time of Richard de Luci (d. 14 July, 
1179), and by the judgment of the king's court that land was apportioned 
between him and his lord. He produced the knights who were present at 
the said partition, and offered to defend his right by one who was his free 
man. Later Race and Ursell made an agreement by licence. 1 

1413. Quit-claim by Nicholas de St. Paul to the monks of Roche of 
his right within the bounds of their grange of Brancliffe, 
which are expressed in the charters of Leon de Malnvers and 
Michael, his son ; and grant of a bovate in Anston with a 
toft, and of the wood with the service and rent of riddings 
which he deraigned against Michael de Malnvers in Anston 
before the justices at York. 1202-1203. 

From the original formerly in the Roche chest in St. Mary's Tower, York ; 
Dodsw. MS. clii, f. 118 (i) ; a ix, f. 173. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Nicholaus de Sancto 
Paulo concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi et quietum 
clamavi de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monachis de Rupe, pro salute anime mee et omnium 
parentum meorum, totum jus meum et clameum quod habui in 
bosco et piano et pastura ubique in territorio de Aneston et infra 
divisas grangie 3 sue de Brantclive que continentur in cartis 
Leonii de Malnvers et Michaelis filii sui. Preterea dedi et 
concessi et hac eadem carta mea confirmavi prefatis monachis 
unam bovatam terre in Anestan cum tofto et cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et libertatibus et easiamentis ubique infra villam et 
extra villam sine retinemento, illam scilicet quam Radulfus [de] 
Nottingham tenuit; et totum boscum meum et planum et totum 
servitium et redditum de essartis sive tenemento quod dirationavit 
contra Michaelem de Malnevers in territorio de Anestan per 
assizam apud Eboracum coram dominis Johanne de Graie episcopo 
Norwicensi et Hugone Bardoulf et Johanne de Gestlinges, tune 
justiciariis domini regis. Omnia vero predicta tenementa cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis sicut predictum est concessi et dedi et 
hac mea carta confirmavi predictis monachis de Rupe in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni terreno 
servitio sive dono et ab omni re que ad terram pertinet. Et ego 
Nicholaus et heredes mei warrantizabimus prefatis monachis 
omnia predicta tenementa cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et 
acquietabimus et defendemus contra omnes gentes. 
testibus, domino Johanne de Builly, Simone fiho Willelmi de 
Levitt, Roberto filio Pagani, Radulfo et Raberto et Thoma fi 

' R. Cur. Regis, i, 438. " There are two folios numbered 118. 

8 " Divisas predictus grangie ; Mb. 



122 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ejus, Willelmo filio Eudonis de Waddworth, Petro filio ejus, 
Hugone de Scalceby, Alexandra filio ejus, Waltero de Haer, 
Johanne Wacelin, Gilberto de Tatewic. 

John de Gray, bishop of Norwich, was a justice-in-eyre at York during 
the month of August, 1202. l In Trinity term, 1208, Nicholas de St. Paul was 
amerced for a false claim against William Tortemeins, whom he impleaded 
for alleged disseisin of common of pasture in Todwick (" Thatewic "). s 

1 Yorks. Fines, app., p. xxi. * Cur. Regis R. 48, m. 13. 



XXVI. THE LASCY FEE OF PONTEFRACT 



1414. Writ of William I directing that the abbot and monks of Selby 
shall hold in peace the town of Hambleton which Ilbert de 
Lascy has given to them. 1086-1087. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. i$d. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, i, n. 24; Davis, Reg., n. 403. 

Willelmus rex Anglorum Thome archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
Erni[sio] de Bur[un] et omnibus baronibus suis de Eboraciscira, 
Francis et Anglis, salutem. Precipio quod abbas de Seleby et 
monachi sui teneant in mea firma pace villam de Hamelton cum 
appendiciis suis, quam dedit eis llbertus de Lascy solutam et 
quietam ab omni servitio ad ipsam pertinente. Teste Ivone de 
Taleboys, apud Wyntoniam. 

This mandate is shown to be from William I by the fact that it is 
addressed to the archbishop of York and Erneis de Burun, who was 
sheriff of York during the later years of that king. There is evidence that 
Ivo Taillebois was sheriff of Lincoln when the Survey was made, and 
for some years later. 

The manor of Hambleton was held by Alchel before the Conquest, and 
by Ernui under Ilbert de Lascy in the Survey. The name Arnewy occurs 
in Selby as a surname a century or more after the Survey. Possibly 
Ernui continued to hold lands in Hambleton under the monks after the 
town passed into their possession. There is no indication that the monks 
had any interest here when the Survey was made ; the date of this writ 
is therefore 1086-1087. For Robert de Lascy's confirmation see below, 
n. 1483. 

1415. Notitia of a grant by William II to Ilbert de Lascy of the 
custom of the castelry of his castle, as he had it in the time 
of William I and the bishop of Bayeux. 1088-^.1095. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscellanea, portf. I, n. 36, m. I. 1 

Carta Willelmi regis Anglorum per quam concessit Ilberto de 
Laceio consuetudinem de castellaria castelli sui, sicut earn habuit 
tempore patris ipsius regis Willelmi et tempore Baiocensis 
episcopi. 

Odo, bishop of Bayeux, was bajiished from England after the fall of 
Rochester castle in June, 1088, and his fief became forfeit. Ilbert de 
Lascy held a considerable fee of the bishop, which he afterwards held of 
the king sine media. There are indications that Odo had obtained from 
William I some feudal superiority over Ilbert's fee. See the charter of 
Henry I confirming Ilbert's grant of Hambleton to the monastery of 
Selby (n. 1424). 

1 Dtp. Keeper's Rep.) xxxi, App., I. 
123 



124 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

What was a " castelry," and what was the "custom of the castelry of 
a castle"? An example of the distinction between land in the castelry, 
and land not in it, is afforded by thelSummary of the Survey of the lands 
of count Alan of Brittany in Yorkshire. 1 He had 199 manors in his 
castellate, or castelry, worth 80 a year, and of these his men or knights 
had 133 ; besides the castellate he had 43 manors worth ^no, nj. 8</., and 
of these his men held 10 manors only. The first seems to have been land 
held of the chief lord by knight's service, or by service in money or in kind, 
or by serjeanty ; the latter seems to have been the lord's demesne. The 
knights of a castelry holding lands by chivalry, or service of the hauberk, 
or, as commonly described, by knight's service, owed their lord, in addition 
to military service and the service of keeping guard at the seigneural castle 
for a portion of each year, a payment or aid from their fees and tenants for 
three usual purposes : (i) for his first redemption when taken in battle (pro 
prima captione nostra de guerra) ; (2) for making his first-born son a knight 
(pro militia filii nostri primogeniti viventis); (3) for marrying his eldest 
daughter (pro prima fill a nostra maritanda).* To these may be added the 
obligation of helping to repair the castle walls and ditch. There is a 
possibility, afforded by a later charter, that Robert de Lascy had succeeded 
Ilbert before the spring of 1095.* 

1416. Notitia of a grant by William II to Robert, son of Ilbert de 
Lascy, of the land of which his father died seised and as he 
held it in the castelry and without. ^.1095-1100. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 3.* 

Carta regis Willelmi per quam concessit Roberto Ilberti filio 
universam terram quam pater suus tenuit et unde seisitus erat 
die quo mortuus fuit, solute et quiete, sicut pater suus tenuit in 
castelle[ria] 5 et extra. 

1417. Notification of William II, to Robert, bishop of Lincoln, and 
Osbert sheriff of Lincoln, of his consent to the exchange 
made by Urse de Abetot and Robert de Lascy of Ingold- 
mells and Wootton, co. Line. 1095-1100. 

Duchy of Lane., Royal Ch. n. i. Pd. in Anct. Chs. (Pipe Roll Soc.), n. i. 

W[illelmus] rex Angl[orumJ Rotberto episcopo Lincolie, 
Os[berto] vicecomiti Lincolie, et baronibus suis et fidelibus Francis 
et Anglis, salutem. Sciatis quod concedo escanbium quod fecerunt 
Ur[so] de Abet[ot] et Rotbertus de Laceio de Ingoluesmera et de 
Witchona. Tfestibus] Rotberto episcopo Lincolie et R[oberto] 
filio Haim[onis], apud Brichestoch[am]. 

A fragment of the seal on a strip. 

For "Witchona" we ought to read " Witthona," the "Udetone" of 
the Survey, 6 the " Wittuna" of the Lindsey Survey, 7 and " Witon" of the 



Dom. Bk., i, 381, col. 2. 

Du Cange, Glossarium (ed. Henschel), ii, 209 (3). 

Round, Anct. Charters (Pipe Roll Soc.), 2. 

Deft. Keeper's Rep., xxxi, App., I. 

or " castello." Dom. Bk., i, 363. * Greenstreet, Lindsey Sur., 17. 



LASCY FEE : PONTEFRACT, WOOLLEY 



125 



great inquest of service taken in I2I2. 1 The land in Wootton which 
" Odo " held of Ralph de Mortemer at the Survey was held by Ralph de 
Mortemer as 2 carucates of land at the time of the Lindsey Survey. 
Afterwards it passed to Geoffrey Fitz-Pain, and in 1212 formed part of 
the fee of Trussebut. Ingoldmells is described in the Survey as " Guldels- 
mere," being either a part of the manor of " Herdertorp," or an alternative 
name of that manor. It then formed part of the fee of Robert Dispencer 
and was assessed at 3 carucates of land, a moiety of which was held by 
32 sochmen, distributed there and in four outlying places, described as " Soca 
in Guldelsmere." 2 

1418. Notitia of a grant by Henry I to Robert de Lascy of the land 
of the castelry of Pontefract which remained out of the 
possession of Robert and which the king deraigned against 
him. iioo-r.no2. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. I. 

Carta regis Henrici primi per quam dedit Roberto de Laceio 
totam terram que remansit ex terra Roberti de la Castelane de 
Pontefracto quam rex disrationavit erga eum, sibi et heredi suo 
jure hereditario tenendam, cum soca et saka. 

It is not easy to be sure what this charter means. The honor of 
Pontefract comprised in the I2th century not only the whole of 
the Domesday fief of Ilbert de Lascy in Yorkshire, but also Ilbert's fief 
in cos. Nottingham and Lincoln, and those lands which he had held of 
the fief of Odo, bishop of Bayeux, in cos. Lincoln, Buckingham, and Oxford. 
It seems probable that these lands of the fief of Bayeux belonged to the 
castelry of Pontefract, and that the tenants did part of the service due 
from the castelry to the king ; and that it was these lands which Henry 
had recovered by legal process against Robert and now by this charter 
restored to him, to hold in fee and inheritance as part and parcel of his 
honor of Pontefract. 

These transactions appear to belong to the first years of Henry's 
reign. 

1419. Notitia of a charter of Henry I granting to Robert de Lascy 
Woolley for i carucate of land. 1100-1114. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. i, n. 36, m. 2. 

Item, Carta ejusdem regis Henrici [filii regis Willelmi] per 
quam dedit eidem Roberto [de Laceio] Ulsinople pro una carucata 
terre. 

The name of this place is probably corrupt. Among the land of the 
king in Staincross wapentake " Santone " and " Wiluelai," assessed at 
12 carucates of land, had been held by Turchil, an Englishman, but at the 
time of the Survey were occupied by a villein and a sochman with a 
bordar. 3 They represent the modern township of Woolley, which was 
a member of the honor of Pontefract during the latter part of the I2th 
century and after, and possibly part of Notion. The name appears early 
as Wlveley, Wlflay and Ulvelei.* Perhaps "Ulsinople" stands for " Ulf- 



1 Testa, 347. 
1 it>., 2996. 



Dom. Bk. , i, 363^. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, passim. 



I2 6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

uiej>le." Woolley thus passed from the royal demesne to the fee of Lascy, 
its geldable assessment being apparently reduced from 12 carucates to 
I carucate. 

1420. Notitia of a charter of Henry I confirming to Robert de 
Lascy the district of Bowland, which Robert held of Roger, 
the Poitevin count, and granting to him the land which the 
grantor had claimed against Robert in Yorkshire, which 
Robert had acknowledged that he held of William de Say. 
1102-^.1114. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36. 

Item, Carta ejusdem regis Henrici [filii regis Willelmi] per 
quam concessit eidem Roberto [de Laceio] Boelandam, quam 
tenuit de Rogero comite Pictavensi, ut extunc earn de eodem 
rege teneat ; et concessit eidem Roberto totam illam terrain quam 
idem rex ei calumpniabat in Ebor[aci]shira, quam idem Robertus 
de Willelmo de Say avoabat, ut ipse earn similiter de ipso rege 
teneat. 

Bowland, a district adjoining Craven of which Grindleton was the chief 
manor, was surveyed in Domesday under the land of Roger the Poitevin, 
who enfeoffed Robert de Lascy of it. The date of this feoffment may 
have been as early as circa 1093, but cannot have been later than 1 102, 
when Roger the Poitevin count was banished and his English fief for- 
feited. Henry's confirmation of this grant was issued after the banish- 
ment of count Roger. I have given reasons in Lancashire Pipe Rolls 
(p. 383) for the opinion that one at least of the five charters issued by Henry 
I in favour of Robert de Lascy was issued during the summer of 1 102. 
Those reasons apply in part to this charter also. From that time Bowland 
was a member of the Lascy fee of Clitheroe, co. Lancaster. The connexion 
between the families of Lascy and Say is considered in the next charter. 

1421. Notitia of a charter of Henry I granting to Robert de 
Lascy the land which William de Say had held in Yorkshire. 
1102-^.1114. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. i, n. 36.* 

Item, Carta ejusdem regis Henrici [filii regis Willelmi] per 
quam dedit eidem Roberto [de Laceio] totam terram quam Willel- 
mus de Seio habuit in Euerwichsira cum omnibus consuetudinibus. 

Robert de Say, whose cognomen was Picot, was one of the chief 
vassals of Roger de Montgomery in Shropshire at the Survey, in which 
he is always named " Picot." His wife Adeloya, relict of William de Coimis, 
and his sons Robert and Henry, are named in a charter of Robert, abbot 
of Sees, made to him, as Robert de Say, " qui cognominabatur Ficot," of 
the date circa 1060.* Under earl Roger he held the chief manor of 
Clun with 26 subsidiary manors. His son Henry succeeded and lived 
until far into the reign of the first Henry. 8 Another family of Say was 
enfeoffed of Stokesay, Wheathill and Stoke-upon-Tern, co. Salop, by Roger 
de Lascy, the first known feoffee being Theodoric de Say, whom Mr. 
Eyton took to be a cadet of the house of Clun. 4 We have here sufficient 

1 Dtp. Keepers Rep., xxxi, 2. * Eyton, Antiq. of Shropshire , xi. 225. 

1 *'*., 228. it,., v . 30. 



LASCY FEE : BOWLAND, HAMBLETON 



127 



evidence to connect the house of Say with that of Montgomery, and it 
needs little effort to conceive that William de Say may have been a 
vassal of Roger the Poitevin, the son of the great Shropshire earl, Roger 
de Montgomery, and that he may have been enfeoffed of some of the 
Yorkshire lands of Roger the Poitevin in Bowland. 

Orderic is mistaken in stating that Robert de Lascy shared in the 
banishment of the English supporters of duke Robert 1 in 1102,* but it 
is fairly obvious from the evidence of this charter that William de Say 
shared banishment with Roger the Poitevin count in that year. He 
married Agnes, daughter of Hugh de Grentemesnil (who died in 1098), 
and sister of Ivo de Grentemesnil, who also suffered banishment in 

IIO2. 3 



1422. Notitia of a charter of Henry I granting to Robert de Lascy 
that his land should not be afforested, nor should be otherwise 
in the forest than it was on the day when the king last passed 
oversea. 1104-^.1114. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36. 

Item, Carta ejusdem regis Henrici [filii regis Willelmi] per 
quain prohibuit ne terra Roberti de Laceio sit aliter in foresta 
quam fuit die qua idem rex novissime mare pertransivit, et precepit 
ne terra ilia esset afforestata. 

Henry did not visit Normandy after his accession to the crown until 
the autumn of 1 104, but during the four following years he paid three other 
visits to the Duchy. It is therefore certain that this charter was issued 
between the autumn of 1104 and Robert de Lascy's banishment circa 1114. 
Possibly Bowland was the region which the king forbade to be included 
in the forest. It adjoined on the west the extensive regions of Wyresdale 
and Bleasdale in Lancashire, which were afforested before Henry I gave 
the honor of Lancaster to his nephew, Stephen of Blois. 



1423. Confirmation by Henry I to the church of St. German (of Selby) 
of the town of Hambleton, which Ilbert de Lascy had given with 
the consent of Odo, bishop of Bayeux. 1101-1108. 

Chartulary of Selby, f. iqd. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, i, n. 22. 

Henricus rex Anglorum Girardo archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
Nigello de Albaneia et omnibus baronibus suis de Eborac[i]scira 
salutem. Concede et confirmo ecclesie Sancti Germani villam 
Hameltone et omnia ad earn pertinentia, quam dedit ei Ilbertus 
de Lascy concessu Odonis episcopi Baiocensis ; et precipio ut 
liberam et quietam earn teneat ab omni servitio ad ipsum llber- 
tum [pertinente]. Teste Roberto episcopo Lincolniensi, apud 
Londoniam. 

1 Hist. Eccles., iv, 104. 

* Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R., 383 ; V.C.H. Lanes., i, 314-15. 

' Orderic (ed. Le Prevost), iii, 361, 453 ; iv, 104. 



I2 8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1424. Grant by Henry I to the canons of Nostell of the church of 

Bambrough, to hold as his demesne alms after the death 

of Algar the priest. 1119-1120. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 8 (old p. 13). 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
comitibus, baronibus, vicecomitibus, et omnibus fidelibus suis 
totius Anglic salutem. Sciatis me, pro animabus patris et matris 
mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum, et pro salute anime 
mee et pro statu regni mei, dedisse Deo et Sancto Oswaldo de 
Nostl[a] et canonicis regularibus ejusdem loci ecclesiam de Baen- 
burch cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam. Et volo et concede et firmiter precipio 
ut bene et in pace et quiete et honorifice habeant et teneant pre- 
dictam ecclesiam de Baenburch cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, 
tanquam dominicam elemosinam meam, liberam et quietam ab 
omni seculari servitio ; et post mortem Algari presbiteri sit in 
manu propria canonicorum ad sustentationem suam imperpetuum. 
Testibus, Turstino archiepiscopo Eboracensi et Rannulfo epi- 
scopo Dunelmensi et Johanne episcopo Luxoviensi et Rannulfo 
canc[ellario] et Eustachio filio Johannis, apud Bonam-villam. 

1425. Notification by Henry I to Thurstan, archbishop, Hugh de 

Laval, Anschetill de Bulmer, sheriff, and the barons of York- 
shire of his grant to the canons of St. Oswald of the 
wood called St. Oswald's, which Robert de Lascy gave them, 
to reduce to tillage and for their necessaries. 1120-1122. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 8 (old p. 13); Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. ^. 

Henricus rex Anglorum Turstino Eboracensi archiepiscopo 
et Hugoni de Laval et A[nschetillo] de Bulemer vicecom[iti] et 
omnibus baronibus suis et omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et 
Anglis de Ebora[ci]scira salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et 
canonicis Sancti Oswaldi nemus totum quod dicitur nemus Sancti 
Oswaldi, sicut Robertus de Laceio eis dedit et concessit, ad essar- 
tandum et ad omnia necessaria eorum et hominum suorum ; pro 
anima patris mei et matris et antecessorum meorum. Testibus, 
Ranulfo cancellario, et Nigello de Albeneio, apud Winton[iam], 

1426. Notification by Henry I to the archbishop of York, Anschetill 
de Bulmer and the barons of Yorkshire of his gift to the 
canons of St. Oswald of the under-wood which Robert de 
Lascy used to hold in demesne near St. Oswald's. 1120- 
1129. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. 1 1). 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopo Eboracensi et Ansche- 
tillo de Bulemer et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et 
Anglis de Eboraciscira salutem. Sciatis me libere dedisse Sancto 



LASCY FEE: BAMBROUGH, NOSTELL 1 29 

Oswaldo et canonicis regularibus boscum quern Robertas de 
Laceio habebat ibi in dominio circa Sanctum Oswaldum, pro salute 
anime mee et antecessorum meorum ; et ita bene et honorifice 
teneant sicut Robertus unquam melius et honorificentius tenuit ; 
et nullus inde aliquid capiat sine licentia eorum super x. libras 
forisfacture. Teste Nigello de Albinneio, apud Winton[iam]. 

1427. Grant by Henry I to the canons of St. Oswald that they may 
build their church above the vivary, where they commenced 
t& make it, and dwell there; confirmation also of all alms 
given to them ; to hold with sac and soc and other privileges. 

II2I-II22. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. 11). 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
comitibus, baronibus, vicecomitibus, et omnibus fidelibus suis 
totius Anglic salutem. Sciatis me concessisse canonicis Sancti 
Oswaldi ut edificent ecclesiam suam supra vivarium ubi earn 
inceperunt facere, et ibi habitent. Et concede Deo et Sancto 
Oswaldo et[iam] omnes alias elemosinas quecumque Deo et 
Sancto Oswaldo et canonicis date sunt vel dabuntur, quicumque 
eis dederit vel dare voluerit. Et hoc concede eis pro animabus 
patris et matris mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum, et 
pro salute anime mee et pro statu regni mei. Et volo et firmiter 
precipio ut bene et in pace et quiete et honorifice teneatur, cum 
saca et soca et toll et team et infanguenetheof et omnibus aliis 
liberis consuetudinibus in nemore et piano, in terris et aquis, 
pratis et pascuis, et in omnibus locis. Testibus, Rannulfo can- 
cellario et Rannulfo comite Cestrensi et comite David et Waltero 
Giffardo et Nigello de Albun[eio] et Willelmo Peverello de 
Notingh[am] et Unfrido de Bohun et Willelmo Malo-traverso et 
Pevrfello] de Bello-campo, apud Wintoniam. 

1428. Confirmation by Henry I to the canons of St. Oswald of the 

church of St. Oswald at Nostell and the gifts made by Robert 
de Lascy, Hugh de Laval, their vassals, and others; also 
grant of the same liberties and customs as those which the 
church of St. Peter, York, enjoyed. 1121-1127. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 150 (old p. 367). Pd. in Man. Angl., 
vi, 92. 

In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti. Amen. In 
christianis temporibus totius mundane potestatis summa virtus 
est ut ecclesia Christi regum et principum auctoritate ac defensione 
vires et incrementa suscipiat et gregis Dei religio per orbem 
terrarum augeatur et crescat. Ea sane regie dignitatis maxima 
laus est cum ad posterorum memoriam de fide et religione multa 
probitatis prelibantur insignia ; eapropter ego Henricus Dei 

III I 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum pauperes Christi in 
curia celesti semper advocates habere desiderans, utpote cujus 
ipsi sunt et concives simul et presules, ad eosdem tanquam ad 
sancte munitionis asilum confugio ut eorum saltern merear 
opitulatione salvari qui de meis meritis nichil dignum sentio : 
ecclesiam igitur Beati Oswaldi regis et martiris, que juxta castellum 
Pontisfracti in loco qui dicitur Nostlay super vivarium sita est et 
in qua canonici regulares ad serviendum Deo viventi per manum 
venerabilis Turstini Eboracensis archiepiscopi constituti sunt, 
regie potestatis auctoritate confirmo. Donationem vero quam 
predicti martiris ecclesie et ejusdem loci canonicis facio, videlicet 
totum nemus quod circa eandem ecclesiam est et quod dicitur 
nemus Sancti Oswaldi, in perpetuum eis liberam et solutam con- 
cedo sicut unquam Ilbertus de Laceyo vel Robertus films ejus 
melius et honoriticentius idem nemus in dominio suo habuerunt ; 
duodecem etiam denarios in die de firma mea propria Eboracisyre l 
regali dono eis in perpetuum concedo ; dimidiam vero carucatam 
terre in qua predicta ecclesia sita est et eidem ecclesie adjacet et 
duas bovatas terre in Herthewic, quam simul terram Robertus de 
Lasceyo 2 eis dedit et concessit et Radulfus Gramaticus, quantum 
ad se inde spectabat, ab omni terreno servitio et omnibus regalibus 
consuetudinibus in perpetuum regali munificentia liberam, solutam, 
et quietam eis concedo. Preterea confirmo donum quod feci 
predicte ecclesie et canonicis ejusdem loci, videlicet ecclesias 
Sancti Oswaldi et Aydani de Hamburg' 3 sicut Algarus presbiter 
unquam eas melius tenuit, et ecclesiam de castello de Tykehill 
quam etiam habent ex dono Turstini archiepiscopi, qui prius earn 
meo dono possederat, 4 cum terris et decimis et omnibus rebus que 
ad predictas ecclesias pertinent ; donationes etiam quas fecerunt 
predictis canonicis principes et nobiles regni mei ego quoque 
potestate regali confirmo, 6 [videlicet de Hugone de Laval ecclesias 
de Rothenwella, Hachaworda, Federstan,Suthkerchebi, Hudresfeld 
et Batteleia 6 cum terris et decimis et omnibus rebus pertinentibus, 
et manerium de Hesela cum servitio Oilerii ; De Willelmo Foliot 
duo molendina in Nortona et in Frisobeia et unam mensuram in 

1 At Michaelmas, 1130, Bertram de Bulmer, sheriff of York, claimed allowance 
out of the farm of the county "canonicis de Sancto Oswaldo in elemosina IS A', et 
5-f. numero" ; Mag. Rot. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 24. 

* His charter has not been preserved. 
8 " Baenburch " in Man. Angl. 

* The confirmation of king John adds here "et ecclesiam de Cnaresburc," 
R. Chart., 215. 

* The enumeration of the gifts made to the canons does not occur in the 
chartulary. It is unlikely that it formed part of the confirmation by Henry I ; it is 
inserted here from Dugdale, who does not state the source from which he derived his 
text. Some of the gifts so enumerated were undoubtedly of later date than this 
confirmation. 

8 In John's confirmation this paragraph reads : " ecclesiam de Rowelle et ecclesiam 
de Hackewrthe et ecclesiam de Fetherstan et ecclesiam de Hudresfeld et ecclesiam 
de Battelai." 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL PRIORY 131 

castello Pontefracti ; De Ada de Ranavilla unam bovatam terre in 
Histoft ; De Rogero Pictaviensi unum molendinum in Saxtona ; 
De Sweno filio Ailrici unam carucatam terre in Croftona et totum 
manerium de Wintersete in bosco et in piano sicut idem Swenus 
melius tenuit, et de eodem Sweno ecclesiam de Felekircha et 
ecclesiam de Addewic et dimidium ecclesie de Mechesburc cum terris 
et decimis et aliis pertinentibus; De Acelino de Dai nemus et terram 
sicut jacet ex occidentali parte ecclesie et stagni Sancti Oswaldi et 
sicut idem Acelinus eis dedit et concessit ; De Levena in Torp et in 
Torp Rogeri, concessione Hugonis de Laval, 1 vj carucatas terre; De 
Ingulfo de Matona 2 unam bovatam terre et unum pratum et unam 
piscariam in Bechala ; 3 De Radulfo de Fetherstan 4 decem acras 
terre, de Becca tres acras terre ; De Sweno filio Edwini presbiteri 
unam bovatam terre in Haltona ; De Gerbodo tres bovatas terre 
in Warnefeld ; De Ebrardo unam bovatam terre in Tockwith ; 6 
De Willelmo de Archis 6 duas bovatas terre in Hamertona ; De 
Roberto Fossardo ecclesiam de Brameham cum xiiij bovatis terre 
que ad ecclesiam spectant et ecclesiam de Warrum cum quatuor 
bovatis terre et ecclesiam de Lid cum x bovatis terre et ceteris 
omnibus que ad ecclesias predictas pertinent, quas videlicet 
ecclesias predictus Robertus Fossard dedit predictis canonicis per 
manum Turstini archiepiscopi ; De Anschetillo de Bulemer xij 
bovatas terre in Bramham ; De Hugone de Muscampo unam 
carucatam terre in Bortona ; De Willelmo filio Nigelli dimidiam 
carucatam terre in Buctona; De Herberto filio Herberti et 
Willelmo fratre ejus, Eboracensi thesaurario, ecclesiam de Wiver- 
torp 7 cum omnibus eidem ecclesie pertinentibus concensu Turstini 
archiepiscopi ; De Pichoto de Perceio 8 ecclesiam de Booltona ; 
De Willelmo de Archis et de Galfrido filio Pagani capellam 
Omnium Sanctorum de Tockwic et terram que capelle adjacet ; 
De Willelmo comite Warennie et Radulfo de Insula et de 
Willelmo filio ejus ecclesiam de Wudechircha 9 per manum 
Turstini archiepiscopi et de eodem Radulfo et Willelmo filio suo 
xij bovatas terre in Morlai ; De Roberto filio Herberti de Bestona 
xij acras terre in Morlai ; De Radulfo de Lacele 10 unam bovatam 
terre in Cumberwrthe ; De Sunneva u unam mansuram terre in 
Eboraco ; De Cliberno et Sunwlfo 12 mansuras quas dederunt 
Sancto Oswaldo in Eboraco ; De Gilberto filio Gocelini 13 vj 

1 No other reference to this gift has been found. 

ib. 3 " Becchehale " in John's confirm. 

" Fetrestan " ; ib. 6 "Tocwid" in John's confirm. 

His charter has not been preserved. 
"Wallertorp" (sic) in John's confirm. 

His charter has not been preserved. See Man. Angl., vi, 93. 
" Wdekirka " in John's confirm. 10 His charter has not been preserved. 

ib. 12 ib. 

ib. Gilbert, son of Gocelin, held this land in 1115-8, apparently under Alan of 
Lincoln ; Lindsey Sur., 18. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

bovatas terre in Sticcheswald ; l De Lefwino filio Ayieti 2 duas 
bovatas terre in Cramtona ; De Stephano comite Moritonii et de 
Rogero de Limisi capellano ejus ecclesiam Sancti Oswaldi de 
Macrefeld ; 3 De Aitropio filio Humfridi Hasteng unum molendinum 
cum terra que eidem molendino pertinetin Seldfort et ecclesias 
de Lamentona, Chebesei et Newbold, 4 et de Anfrido fratre 
ejusdem Aitropii et Lecelina matre Humfridi ecclesias de Heseleia 
et de Wittehenesse 6 cum terris et decimis et ceteris rebus eisdem 
ecclesiis pertinentibus, testimonio Turstini archiepiscopi ; De 
Adeliza uxore Radulfi de Cheynduit et de Symone et Hugone 
filiis ejus ecclesias de Chedendona, Langelega et Charweltona 6 
cum pertinentibus et in Saldena 7 duas hidas terre et in Mideltona 8 
xv acras terre; De meo proprio done terrain que fuit Godrici 
mercatoris in Norwico et consuetudinem que de eadem terra exit, 
item, in Warsop et Sutheholma 9 tres bovatas terre et duas partes 
unius bovate terre] ; et preter hec quicquid beneficii vel elemosine 
in terris, ecclesiis, ceterisque possessionibus prefate ecclesie 
rationabiliter collatum fuerit, ego quoque similiter gratie regalis 
auctoritate confirmo. Sit 10 igitur tota elemosina predicta quieta et 
libera sicut et aliqua elemosinarum mearum quietior et liberior 
est. Denique ego Dei gratia rex Henricus do et concede ecclesie 
Sancti Oswaldi regis et martiris de Nostelay eandem libertatem u 
et easdem leges et consuetudines quales etiam habet matrix 
ecclesia beati Petri Eboracensis, preter ea que ad magisterium 
Christianitatis et reverentiam archiepiscopalis respiciunt digni- 
tatis ; quam nimirum libertatem et consuetudinem eidem ecclesie 
Sancti Oswaldi ab omni exactione episcopalis consuetudinis solute 
venerabilis Turstinus Eboracensis archiepiscopus ratam et in- 
violabilem possidendam concessit. Nulli autem hominum meorum 
post hoc liceat hanc elemosinam meam et hunc locum, ob incolu- 
mitatem regni mei et salutem anime mee [et] pro animabus ante- 
cessorum meorum, videlicet, patris mei Willelmi magni regis 
Anglorum et matris mee Matildis regine, et uxoris mee Matildis 
regine secunde et Willelmi filii mei omniumque fidelium Dei 
defunctorum confirmatum, et omnes possessiones ejus perturbare 
vel minuere ; sed in perpetua et regali pace firma et illibata 

1 John's confirm, adds "et molendinum de Eschebi." 
1 His charter has not been preserved. I cannot identify the place. 
8 Winwick, in Makerfield, co. Lane. 4 "Nebaud " in John's confirm. 

6 Witenesse " ; ib. Only the churches of Leamington, Hastings, and Newbold 
Tacey, co. Warwick, were confirmed to St. Oswald's, Nostell, by Edward I ; Cat. 
Chart. R., 1257-1300, p. 234. The churches of Whitnash, Haseley and Chebsey 
had reverted again to the Hastings. 

Cheddington, Charwelton and Breedon churches were confirmed by Edward I, 
ib. See Chartul. of Nostell, ff. Hid, 137-8. 

7 Salden, in Mursley, co. Buck. "Mulestun" in John's confirm. 

" Sulcholm " ; ib. 

10 This clause is omitted in John's confirmation. 

11 John's confirm, ends abruptly at this word ; X. Cart., 215*. 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL PRIORY 133 

permaneant. Unde ut in posterum res firma consistat presentem 
paginam proprie manus inpressione consigno. 1 +Signum Henrici 
regis Anglorum, + signum Turstini Eboracensis archiepiscopi, 
+ Ricardi Herefordensis episcopi, + signum Willelmi Wintonien- 
sis episcopi, +signum Ebrardi Norwicensis episcopi, +signum 
Eustachii filii Johannis, +signum Pagani filii Johannis, +signum 
Waited Espec. 

Everard was consecrated bishop of Norwich on 12 June, 1121, and 
Richard, bishop of Hereford, died 15 August, 1127. This charter of con- 
firmation was therefore issued between these dates. An entry in a plea 
roll of Easter term, 13 Edward I (1285) gives the date as II2I. 2 But this 
may be the date of another charter which has not been preserved. The entry 
reads : 

Dictum est priori de Sancto Oswaldo coram consilio regis 
apud Salop, super demonstrationem carte regis Henrici primi 
date MCXXi de donatione xij denariorum per diem in die extra 
firmani de Ebora[ci]shira et de ecclesiis de Hamburgh, Knares- 
burgh et Tykehull et de terris in Fletcham et Heleford, quod eat 
pro ecclesia de Tykehull sine die. 

Burton, quoting from a chronicle of the priory entitled " De gestibus et 
actibus priorum Sancti Oswaldi de Nostel a prima fundatione usque ad 
dominum Robertum de Quixley," 3 who presided over this house until early 
in the reign of Henry VI, refers to Henry's confirmation of their lands and 
privileges by a charter dated 4th Id., that is the loth, of January, 1121 [-22 ?]. 

Although the Lascy family claimed to be, and were looked upon as, 
the founders of this house of Augustinian canons, the benefactions of Robert 
de Lascy were very modest in extent, and seem to have been bestowed upon 
a colony of poor hermits, who had settled near a vivary, or fish-pond, on a 
site which consisted of arable land intersected by woodland, in the town 
or territory of Nostell. This place was in the Domesday survey a member of 
the manor of Featherston, which had belonged to Ligulf before the Conquest, 
and at the Survey was held with Preston Jaglin, Hardwick and " Osele," or 
Nostell, by Ralph and Ernulf under Ilbert de Lascy. There were two 
churches, one at Featherston and the other probably at Wragby. In Nostell 
Robert de Lascy gave half a carucate of land, on which the church of St. 
Oswald, the king and martyr, then or afterwards stood, and 2 bovates of 
land in Hardwick which belonged to the church, together with St. Oswald's 
wood around the church and land ; and Ralph le Grammaire conceded his 
interest in the land and church. Thus it is evident that Robert de Lascy 
and Ralph were the actual donors of the church. There is nothing to tell 
us when these benefactions were made, but Ralph cannot be identified as 
the Ralph who is named as tenant of Featherston with Ernulf at the 
Survey and has been identified by Mr. Holmes as Ralph pincerna, the 
Domesday tenant of Thorpe Audlin. The house of poor hermits may 
therefore have been established at Nostell any time between 1093 and 
.1114, when Robert de Lascy lost his English fief. It is evident from 

1 The chartulary ends here, but adds this note : " Et, ut hec omnia prescripta 
confirmat Henricus rex, nepos predict! regis, et filii Henrici regis secundi, Ricardus 
videlicet et Johannes, et dominus Henricus rex qui nunc superest, [confirmaverunt]." 

This appears to suggest that part of the chartulary was compiled in Henry Ill's 
time, but many charters of Edward Fs time are in the same handwriting. 

2 Abbrev. Placit., 2Ojb. 

3 In Burton's time this MS. was in the possession of Sir Rowland Wynne, hart., 
of Nostell ; Man. Ebor., 300. 



134 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



n. 1465 that the first foundation was at least as early as the time of arch- 
bishop Thomas II (1108-1114). 

King Henry's association with this house came later. The story of it 
seems reliable, and is supported by the testimony of the royal charter of 
confirmation and by chronological information. It is this : 

" It happened that king Henry the First going on an expedition 
against the Scots was attended by one Ralph Adlave, his chaplain 
and confessor, who, falling sick, was obliged to be left at Ponte- 
fract ; but, after some time growing better, he was induced, for 
the speedier recovery of his health and perhaps by inclination for 
hunting, frequently to ride from thence to this part of the country, 
about three miles distant, where he found some hermits. Being 
struck with their pious manner of living he became desirous to 
be one of their society; but as that could not be done without the 
consent of the king, his master, he was obliged to defer his in- 
tention till the king's return, when communicating his design, the 
king approved of it. Ralph then set about founding a priory there, 
and took upon him the habit and order of St. Augustin, and by 
the king's mandate became the first governor, master, and rector 
veteris loci, as it is called, and of eleven brethren or monks (sic) ; the 
king himself in A.D. 1121 becoming a benefactor by granting them 
twelve pence per day, to be received out of his exchequer at 
York. . . . Ralph Adlave having been the principal instrument of 
their foundation, they were desirous of looking upon him as a 
saint. He died on the 4th Id. of May, 1128, and was buried at the 
Old Place (apud veteran locum), i.e. where the old chapel stood, 
and where afterwards the parish church was built." * 
Burton appears to have derived this story from the authentic chronicle 
of the priory, which was in the possession of the then owner of Nostell. 
It is unfortunate that the chronicle upon which this story is based is not 
now forthcoming. Henry I was in the north in 1122, and rested at York 
on his way to the west coast. After providing for the fortification of 
Carlisle, by the erection of a keep and towers, 2 he broke his return journey 
at York, where, on 6 December, 1122, he confirmed the election of Warin 
des Essarts as abbot of Saint Evroult. 3 So far the story is consistent with 
the king's movements, and it is conceivable that his confirmation (which 
clearly points to the foundation having been in existence for some time 
(cf. n. 1465), the benefactions then confirmed being considerable and widely 
spread) may well have been obtained in December, 1122, and have 
been duly issued a month later. This, however, postulates a date for 
the issue of Henry's charter nearly a year, and possibly nearly two years, 
later than that mentioned in the record of the plea in 1285. 

The reference in the story to Ralph, as rector of the " Old Place," may 
be explained in this way. About this time Nigel de Aubigny had founded 
a cell of Augustinian canons at Hirst, in the Isle of Axholme, which became 
a cell to Nostell. His charter of foundation is addressed " Radulpho 
canonico ibidem inhabitant!. " It may be that certain of the Augustinian 
canons first established at Nostell were transferred to Hirst upon the 
foundation of that cell, among them being Ralph. If so, the "Old Place," 
of which Ralph had been rector, and where he found burial, would be 
Nostell. No documentary evidence exists to show that he was ever prior 
of Nostell. 

The confirmation charter of Henry II* is generally in the same terms 
as that of Henry I. The differences in the former are as follows : the 

1 Burton, Monaslicon Ebor., 300. * Sym. of Durham, ii, 267. 

Le Prevost, Odreric, iv, 435. Man. Angl., vi, 93. 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL PRIORY 135 

churches of Bamborough now include " their chapels " ; the church of the 
castle of Tickhill is now simply the church of Tickhill ; the church of 
Knaresborough is now added ; the churches of Ackvvorth and South Kirkby 
are deducted from the gift of Hugh de Laval ; i bovate of land in Hessle, 
in the parish of Wragby, has been added to Olard's, or Oilery's, former gift 
of the manor there. Several additional gifts are thus described : 

De Godardo de Crophtona unam bovatam terre in ead^m villa 
et vastas terras que sunt in occidentali parte predicte ville, 1 quas 
idem Godardus et ceteri homines ejusdem ville prefatis canonicis 
concesserunt. De Gerbodo ecclesiam de Warnefeld cum terris et 
decimis et omnibus rebus pertinentibus eidem ecclesie et de eodem 
Gerbodo et nliis suis, Willelmo et Roberto, unam carucatam terre 
in Barnaburch. De Willelmo Fossardo, filio Robert! Fossardi, 
et Agnete filia ejus duas carucatas terre in Brammaham et molen- 
dinum ejusdem ville ; de dono etiam Alexandri Painel et Agnetis 
uxoris ejus viginti acras terre in eadem villa. Confirmo etiam 
donum quod Osbertus Silvanus fecit eidem ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi, 
scilicet, totamterram suam de Swintona, id est duas carucatas terre 
ad utwara ; de Alexandro Painello unam carucatam terre que 
vocatur Huen 2 in Haltona et in eadem villa terras quas dede- 
runt predicte ecclesie Suenus films Edwini et Jordanus Painellus, 
et in Tirnescho terras quas dederunt Radulfus et Jordanus de 
Laceio, et in eadem villa tres bovatas terre et dimidiam de dono 
Ade de Novo Mercato ; de Helia de Bosevilla tres bovatas terre 
et vj acras et unum toftum quod fuit Huschar in Barneburch 
et unum molendinum de Herletona 3 quod pertinet ad eandem 
Barneburch. Concede etiam ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis 
ejusdem ecclesie ut habeant feriam apud Nostleth sicut rex 
Henricus avus meus duobus diebus ante festum Sancti Oswaldi 
et in die festi et duobus diebus post festum concessit eisdem, ut 
bene et quiete et honorifice earn teneant cum omnibus consuetu- 
dinibus suis que ferie pertinere debent, et omnes homines ad ipsam 
feriam venientes et inde redeuntes cum omnibus rebus suisfirmam 
pacem meam habeant, et nullus eos disturbet nee aliquam 
contumeliam sive injuriam eis facial super x libras forisfacture. 
Volo etiam et firmiter precipio ut predicti canonici bene et in 
pace et quiete et honorifice teneant cum saca et soca et toll et 
team et infanguenetheof et omnibus aliis liberis consuetudini- 
bus in nemore et piano, in terris et aquis, pratis et pascuis et 
passagiis et in omnibus locis. Testibus, Thedbaldo Cantuariensi 
archiepiscopo, Rogero Eboracensi archiepiscopo, Roberto 
Lincolniensi episcopo, Hugone Dunelmensi episcopo, Thoma 
cancellario regis Anglorum, Reginaldo comite Cornuallie, Willelmo 
comite Albemerlie, Roberto comite Leicestrie, Hugone comite, 
Henrico de Essexia, Henrico de Suili, 4 Willelmo de Perceio, 
Eustachio filio Johannis. 

Of several gifts confirmed in the charters of confirmation from Henry I, 
Henry II, and John, no other record appears to exist. Leventhorpe in the 
township and parish of Swillington, and Rogerthorpe in the township of 
Thorpe Audlin and parish of Badsworth, were given by Hugh de Laval as 
6 carucates of land. The former was perhaps one of the two manors in 
Swillington held by Dunstan and Ode T.R.E., and by Ilbert de Lascy in 
demesne at the time of the Survey. Possibly Ode's manor represented 

1 This paragraph has been amended from John's confirmation. 

1 " Hou " in John's confirm. 

* " Herligtun" ; ib. * Perhaps " Oilli." 



r ^6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Leventhorpe. One carucate in Rogerthorpe belonged to two manors 
which two brothers had held in Badsworth, Upton, and Rogerthorpe, and 
which I Ibert afterwards held in demesne ; the two remaining carucates formed 
part of Elsi's manor of Thorpe Audlin, assessed at 6 carucates and 3 bovates 
of land, which Ralph (pincerna) held under Ilbert at the time of the Survey. 
When this gift was made Ralph pincerna's lands were in the hands of 
Hugh de Laval, so that it is a natural inference that Ralph retired to 
Normandy with Robert de Lascy in or about 1 1 14. 

The gift of Ingulf de Maton in Beall is mentioned only in the confirma- 
tions. Robert de Maton was a tenant in Bicester, co. Oxon, of the honor 
of Wallingford, and Roger de Maton of the honor of Richmond in Norfolk ; 
both were living in the time of Stephen and Henry II. 1 

The gift of William de Arches of 2 bovates in Hammerton is only 
mentioned in the confirmations. Stephen, prior of St. Oswald's (1240-1244), 
gave to Hugh, son of Walter de Hamerton, those 2 bovates in Hammerton, 
which William de Arches gave to the chapel of All Saints of Scokirk and 
the canons of St. Oswald's, to hold by rendering 4*. yearly to their place of 
Scokirk. 1 

The gift of Ralph de Lasceles of i bovate in Lower Cumberworth is 
only mentioned in the confirmations ; and the same remark applies to the 
alms given in the city of York, and in Stixwould, co. Lincoln. 

The date of Henry I I's confirmation lies between 1154 and 1158. Mr. 
Eyton assigns it to the occasion of Henry's visit to York in H55- 3 

1429. Confirmation by Odo, prior of La Charite (sur Loire) of the 
exchange of the church of Featherston made between their 
brethren of Pontffract and the canons of Nostell, as affirmed 
by the king's seal to the greater charter and decreed by the 
hand of archbishop Thurstan. 1120-1122? 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. igd (old p. 34) ; Dodsw. MS cxxxvii, 
f. 40^. 

In nomine sancte et individue Trinitatis. Ego frater Oddo, 
ecclesie de Karitate prior, excangiam ecclesie de Fedrestan que 
inter fratres nostros de Pontefracto et canonicos Sancti Oswaldi 
facta est, sicut sigillo regis in majori carta per manum venerabilis 
doniini Thurstini archiepiscopi decretum est atque firmatum, sub 
hujus scripti testimonio concede atque confirmo. 

1430. Confirmation by Henry I to the canons of Nostell of various 
gifts made to them in alms, and of the agreement made 
between the church of St. Oswald and that of Featherston 
and the monks of La Charite. 1120-1122. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. yd (old p. 12). 

Henricus rex Anglorum Turstino archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
Anschetillo de Bulemer et omnibus baronibus Francis et Anglis 
de Everwicscira salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et Sancto 
Oswaldo et canonicis de Nostl[a], pro anima patris et matris mee et 
fratris mei Willelmi regis et pro anima mea et uxoris mee et filii, 
terras et omnes res que date sunt Deo et Sancto Oswaldo et 

1 Round, Cat. of Docs., France, 185 ; Gale, Regist. Hon. de Richmond, 27. 
1 Chartul. of Nostell, f. 129. Jtin. Hen. 77, 5. 






LASCY FEE: FEATHERSTON CHURCH 137 

canonicis in elemosina, videlicet unam carucatam terre quam eis 
dedit Hugo de Muscampo in Burtona Flandrensi, et unam caru- 
catam terre in Croftona quam eis dedit Suenus filius Ailrici, et 
quoddam molendinum quod eis dedit Willelmus Foliot in Nortona, 
et quamdam bovatam terre quam Ernulfus de Prestona eis dedit 
in Herdewica, et duas bovatas terre quas eis dedit Leisinus in 
Winterseta, et septem sol[idos] quos eis dedit Alanus de Creon 
apud Estou, et quamdam capellam in bosco de Tocwic cum 
omni terra et rebus que pertinent feodo Ebrardi qui capellam eis 
dedit, et unam bovatam terre in Tocwic, et unam bovatam terre 
in Hesela quam Olardus eis dedit. Et concedo concordiam quam 
Thomas archiepiscopus Eboracensis fecit inter ecclesiam de Sancto 
Oswaldo et de Federstan et monachos de Caritate. Et volo et 
concedo et firmiter precipio ut teneant amodo imperpetuum hec 
supradicta libere et quiete de omnibus geldis et placitis et con- 
suetudinibus et omnibus querelis et occasionibus qui ad me 
pertinent. Testibus, Turstino archiepiscopo Eboracensi et Ran- 
nulfo episcopo Dunelmensi et Rannulfo cancellario et Nigello de 
Albinneio et Pagano filio Johannis, apud Clarendonam. 

This confirmation refers to the earlier agreement made between the 
canons of Nostell and the monks of La Charite of Pontefract by archbishop 
Thomas II, which is given below, n. 1465. Henry was at Clarendon in the 
spring of 1116, but it is improbable that this confirmation was issued earlier 
than 1 1 20. 

1431. Notification by Henry I to Thurstan, archbishop, and the 
barons of Yorkshire of his confirmation of the exchange 
made by the archbishop and Hugh de Laval between the 
monks of Pontefract and the canons of Nostell, namely, of the 
church of All Saints of Featherston, given to the canons in 
exchange for a mediety of the church of St. Mary of the castle 
of Pontefract and for a mediety of the parish belonging there- 
to ; also confirmation to the said monks of 45*. yearly rent, 
which Hugh de Laval gives for that exchange, namely, the 
church of Ledsham and other rents ; and of the church of 
Ackworth and the manor of Hessle with Olard's service, 
given in alms by Hugh de Laval. ii2^?-ii2j. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. -jd (old p. 12). 

Henricus rex Anglorum T[urstino] Eboracensi archiepiscopo 
et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis de 
Eboraciscira salutem. Sciatis me concessisse escambium quod 
factum est per Turstinum archiepiscopum Eboracensem et 
Hugonem de Laval inter monachos Sancti Johannis de Ponte- 
fracto et canonicos Sancti Oswaldi, videlicet monachi dant 
canonicis in escambium ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum de 
Fedrestan' pro medietate ecclesie Sancte Marie de castello Pon- 
tisfracti et pro medietate parochie pertinentis eidem ecclesie. Et 
preterea concedo predictis monachis xlv. solidatas redditus quas 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Hugo de Laval eis dat pro predicto escambio, videlicet ecclesiam 
de Ledesham et alios redditus. Et canonicis supradictis concede 
ecclesiam de Lacwrda et manerium de Hesal' cum servitio Oilerii 
quod Hugo de Laval eis dat in elemosinam. Testibus, Turstino 
archiepiscopo et [Gaufrido ?] cancellario et Nigello de Albinni, 
apud Rochingeham. 

Henry was at Rockingham with archbishop Thurstan and the chancellor 
Geoffrey during the period 1 1 Sept. 1 126 to 26 Aug. 1 127. 1 

The editor of the Chartulary of Pontefract 2 may be right in his identifica- 
tion of the churches of the manor of Featherston, but his remarks about the 
church of St. Mary of Pontefract seem wide of the mark. The Survey 
states that there was a church and a priest in the manor of Tanshelf and 
2 carucates of geld-free land, being the alms of the poor. This was the 
endowment of the hospital of St Nicholas of Pontefract. The church at 
Tanshelf was doubtless that which was described subsequently to the 
Survey as being at Kirkby and later as being at Pontefract, where a town 
had rapidly sprung up around the seigneural castle. This, one may sup- 
pose, became the parish church of St. Mary, Pontefract, and served 
Pontefract, Tanshelf, Carleton, East Hardwick and Knottingley. The grant 
of half the church of St. Mary to the canons of St. Oswald s has not been 
preserved ; perhaps it was destroyed when the exchange recorded above 
was made. 

1432. Notification of Henry I to archbishop Thurstan and the lieges 
of Yorkshire of his confirmation of the agreement made 
by the said archbishop and Hugh de Laval between the 
monks of Pontefract and the canons of Nostell, whereby the 
monks give the church of Featherston to the canons in 
exchange for a mediety of the church of St. Mary, Pontefract, 
with a moiety of the parish ; also of the grant by Hugh de 
Laval to the monks of 455. yearly, namely the church of 
Ledsham with its rents, for the said exchange. 1119-1128. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. lou/ (old p. 244); Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, 244. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefract, ii, p. lix. 

Henricus rex Anglorum T[urstino] Eboracensi archiepiscopo 
et vicecomitibus et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis de 
Eboraciscira salutem. Sciatis me concessisse escambium quod 
factum est per Turstinum archiepiscopum Eboracensem et Hugo- 
nem de Valle inter monachos Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto 
et canonicos Sancti Oswaldi, videlicet ipsis canonicis ecclesiam 
de Federstana cum terris et omnibus rebus ipsi ecclesie per- 
tinentibus, quam predicti monachi eis dant in escambium pro 
medietate ecclesie Sancte Marie de Pontefracto et pro medietate 
parochie pertinentis eidem ecclesie. Et preterea concedo prefatis 
monachis xlv solidos redditus per annum quos Hugo de Valle 
eis dat pro predicto excambio, videlicet ecclesiam de Ledeshama 
cum redditibus suis et cum aliis redditibus usque ad perficiendos 
illos xlv solidos ; et bene et in pace et quiete teneant amodo 
utique suum excambium. Teste, etc. 

1 Cal. Chart. R., iv, 361. > Vol. ii, p. Ixviii. 



LASCY FEE : FEATHERSTON, NOSTELL 1 39 

The documents which relate to the exchange of a mediety of the church 
of St. Mary "de castello" or " de foro" at Pontefract, made by the canons 
of Nostell to the monks of Pontefract for the church of Featherston, require 
careful consideration. No. 1465 indicates that in the time of archbishop 
Thomas II (1108-1114) and before Robert de Lascy lost his English fief the 
exchange had not yet been effected, and that canons had been recently 
placed at Nostell among the clerks who were their predecessors there. 
Possibly owing to the voidance of the see of York prior to archbishop 
Thurstan's consecration in 1119 this agreement did not receive the royal 
sanction (n. 1430) until the period 1120-1122. Immediately afterwards, or 
possibly a few years later, the exchange referred to was made by archbishop 
Thurstan and Hugh de Laval. It received the royal sanction in nos. 
1431 and 1432, which were probably executed not later than 1127, and 
possibly a few years earlier. They tend to discredit the long particulars 
of the alms given to the canons of Nostell, which Dugdale made part of the 
general confirmation of Henry I to that house (n. 1428). It is very unlikely 
that these particulars ever formed part of that charter. Indeed it is quite 
probable that this charter of confirmation was issued before that agreement 
was made between Nostell and Pontefract by which the canons became 
possessed of the parish church of Featherston. 



1433. Notification by Henry I to Thurstan, archbishop, Hugh de 

Laval, the sheriff and barons of Yorkshire of his grant to the 
canons of St. Oswald of a fair at Nostell on two days before 
the feast of St. Oswald, on the feast day and two days after. 
1115-1120. 

P.R.O., Cartse Antiquae, No. 32, HH., n. 25 ; Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. 
xix, f. 8 (old p. 13) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, f. 113. 

H[enricus] Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum 
Thurstino Eboracensi archiepiscopo et Hugoni de Valle et vice- 
comiti et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis 
Eboraciscire salutem. Sciatis me concessisse canonicis Sancti 
Oswaldi ut habeant feriam apud Nostel ii. diebus ante festum 
Sancti Oswaldi et in die festi et ii. diebus post festum, et bene et 
quiete et honorifice earn teneant cum omnibus consuetudinibus 
suis que ferie pertinere debent. Et omnes homines ad ipsam 
feriam venientes et inde redeuntes cum omnibus rebus suis firmam 
pacem meam habeant, et nullus eos disturbet nee aliquam con- 
tumeliam sive injuriam eis facial, super x. libras forisfacture. 
Testibus, Rannulfo cancellario et Henrico comite de Auco et 
Rogero filio Ricardi et Unfrido de Bohun et Pagano filio Johannis 
et Radulfo de Todeneyo et Engelramo de Aber[n]o[ne], apud 
Rotomagum. 

This grant is not mentioned in the supposed general confirmation from 
Henry I purporting to have been issued circa 1122. 

1434. Notification by Henry I to the archbishop, sheriff, William 

Foliot and the barons and lieges of Yorkshire of his grant to 



140 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

the canons of St. Oswald of 6 bovates of land which Robert 
de Lascy and Ralph Le Gramaire gave them. 1120-1129. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 8 (old p. 13) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 

f. 3- 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopo et vicecomiti et Willelmo 
Foliot et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis de 
Ewerwicsci[r]a salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et Sancto 
Oswaldo et canonicis ibidem [Deo] servientibus sex bovatas terre 
in bosco et in piano sicut Robertus de Laci et Radulfus Gram- 
maticus eis earn * dedit ; et volo et precipio ut ipsi earn teneant 
liberam et quietam de omnibus geldis et placitis et consuetudinibus 
et omnibus querelis et occasionibus que ad me pertinent. Teste 
Nigello de Albini, apud Wodestocam. 

This charter is addressed to William Foliot as the principal vassal of the 
honor of Pontefract, a circumstance which suggests that the honor was at 
the time in the hands of the crown. In the charters of confirmation of Henry 
I and Henry II to the canons this grant is thus expressed : 

Dimidiam vero carucatam terre in qua predicta ecclesia sita est 
et eidem ecclesie adjacet, et duas bovatas terre in Hardewic, 
quam similiter terram Robertus de Lasceio eis dedit et concessit 
et Radulfus Gramaticus quantum ad se inde spectabat. 2 

No charter of the I2th century by a member of the family of Gramaire 
or Grammary has come to my notice. Soon after the Survey Ranulf le 
Gramaire held part of Knottingley and Darrington. The account of the 
endowments of the chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, by Ilbert de Lascy 
indicates that the founder inter alia gave the tithe of the foals of his stud 
farm and of the fishery of Knottingley, that Ranulf le Gramaire held a 
moiety of these tithes, 3 with 8 bovates in Darrington for the service of the 
church, and that Ilbert further gave half the common right (in Darrington ?) 
in common with (contra} Ranulf Je Gramaire and Godfrey the priest. The 
document is not very intelligible ; but it may be safe to assume that Ranulf 
was a clerk and held the church of Darrington with glebe land, common 
rights, and half the tithes of the fishery of Knottingley. 

From the present charter it appears that Ralph le Gramaire, possibly 
the successor of Ranulf, also had an interest in the land in Nostell and 
HardxVick which Robert de Lascy gave to St. Oswald's. The notices 
of the family do not recur after this time until 1153, when Richard le 
Gramaire and Jordan his brother attest Henry de Lascy's confirmation 
to Kirkstall. 4 In 1166 the same Richard held a knight's fee of Henry 
de Lascy, 6 and in the same year was amerced for the concealment of 
a plea of the crown by the wapentake of Morley. 8 This indicates that 
he then owned Middleton in that wapentake. In 1169 he was amerced 
for forest trespass, possibly in respect of his land in Bickerton, and in the 
following year he made an agreement with Waldeve de Yeadon. He is also 
named in the sheriff's rolls for 1 175 and 1 176. 7 He died before 1 188 when 
John le Gramaire gave iooy. to remove his plea into the king's court against 

* SIC " . * Man. Angl., vi, 92^, 93/5; R. Chart., 215. 
The MS. does not say explicitly that Ranulf held a moiety of these tithes, 

but continues after "tithes of Knottingley" : Harum rerum omnium supradictarum 
tenuit Radulfus Gramaticus dimidiam pattern etc. ; Man. Angl.. v, 128^. See n. 
1492. 

* Coucher of Kirkstall, tpn. & Red Bk., 423. 

* Pipe R.,i2 Hen. II, 46. it., var. years, pass. 



LASCY FEE: GIFTS OF CHURCHES 141 

William, his brother, touching the land of Middleton. 1 Probably they were 
sons of Richard le Gramaire. In 1200 there was a dispute between Adam 
de Beston and William le Gramaire, whom Adam charged with taking his 
forester, putting him in the said William's stocks and taking from him his 
cape, a gold ring, his sword and cap. The court adjudged that a duel 
should be waged between the disputants, and a like duel touching two of 
Adam's men. 2 In 1207 they were again quarrelling about the division 
between the woods of Beeston and Middleton ; but in 1209 an agreement 
was made. 3 The details are too voluminous to cite in full. In 1217 William 
le Gramaire, having been of the party of the barons, returned to allegiance.* 
From 1221 to 1224 he served as a justice to take assizes of novel disseisin* 
He confirmed to the Hospitallers of Jerusalem his father's gift of land in 
Aberford (" Edburford "), including land in Asgerecroft between the crosses. 
The witnesses were : the chapter of Ansti, Hugh de Autrey, Robert le 
Walais, Walter de Letherton, Jordan de Poterintun, Thomas le Gramaire, 
Robert de Wiflestorp, William son of Robert de Oustorp and five others. 6 
William le Gramaire had brothers, Richard of Knottingley, 7 John of 
Middleton, and perhaps a younger son Robert, whom he presented to the 
church of Aberford in 1229.* He died about that time. In 1228 Richard, 
his son and heir-apparent, was engaged in a plea about common of turbary 
in Brocton which belonged to his free tenement in Barwick-in-Elmet. 9 
In 1235-36 William le Gramaire held i fee of John de Lascy, earl of 
Lincoln ; 10 but the entry is probably anachronous, for in 1244 Richard le 
Gramaire had a grant of free warren in the manors of Becca and Bickerton, 11 
and in 1251 a grant of market and fair at his manor of Aberford. 12 

1435. Confirmation by Henry I to the canons of Nostell of the 
churches of South Kirkby, Batley and Huddersfield, given 
by Hugh de Laval ; and i carucate and 6 bovates in Winter- 
sett, the churches of Felkirk and Adwick(-on-Dearne) and a 
mediety of the church of Mexbrough, given by Swein son of 
Ailric. 1123 or 1127. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 70? (old p. 12). 

Henricus rex Anglorum T[urstino] archiepiscopo Eboracensi 
et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis de 
Eboraciscira salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Deo et Sancto 
Oswaldo in elemosina ecclesiam de Sukirbia et ecclesiam de 
Bateleia et ecclesiam de Huderesfeld, cum terris et omnibus rebus 
eis pertinentibus, sicut Hugo de Laval eas dedit et concessit 
Sancto Oswaldo ; preterea concede ipsi sancto et canonicis suis 
unam carucatam terre et sex bovatas in Winterseta et ecclesiam 
de Felachircha et ecclesiam de Addewic et medietatem ecclesie 
de Mechesburc sicut Sweinus films Ailrici eas eis dedit et 
concessit in elemosina. Et volo et firmiter precipio ut eas bene 
et in pace et honorifice teneant et quiete de omni servitio sicut 

I Pipe R., 34 Hen. II. * Abbrev. Placit., 66 ; R. de Oblat., 106, 138. 
3 R. de Oblat., 388 ; Yorks. Fines, n. 427. R. Litt. C/aus., i, 375^. 

8 Pat. R., 1216-1225, pass. a Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 2i$d. 

7 Chartul. of Pontefract, 229, note 5. 8 Reg. Gray, 28. 

* Pat. R., 1225-1232, p. 216. 10 Testa, 365. 

II Cal. of Chart. R., i, 280. 1S it., 354. 



142 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

tenant alias res suas quas tenent in elemosina. Testibus, Nigello 
de Albin[neio] et Jordano de Sai et Waltero Espec et Fornon[e] 
filio Siwlfi, apud Portesmudam in transfretatione. 

1436. Mandate of Henry I that the corredy and possessions of the 
canons of Nostell are to be quit of toll, custom and passage. 

f. 1 1 22-1 133. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. 1 1 ). 

Henricus rex Anglorum omnibus vicecomitibus et rninistris 
totius Anglic salutem. Precipio quod totum corredium et omnes 
res canonicorum de Sancto Oswaldo unde homines sui poterint 
affidare esse suas dominicas sint quiete de omni theoloneo et 
consuetudine et passagio. Et super hoc nullus homines suos vel 
res suas injuste disturbet, super x libras forisfacture. Teste 
Eustachio filio Johannis, apud Wintoniam. 

1437. Mandate of Henry I that the lands belonging to the canons 
of St. Oswald shall have the customs and acquittances at 
York and elsewhere in accordance with his charter to them. 
.1122-1133. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 8 (old p. 13). 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopis et episcopis et ab- 
batibus et omnibus comitibus et baronibus et vicecomitibus 
et fidelibus suis totius Anglic salutem. Precipio quod terre 
Sancti Oswaldi et canonicorum suorum habeant consuetudines et 
quietantias suas in omnibus rebus apud Eboracum et alibi cum 
soca et saca et tol et theam et infangenet[heof] et omnibus 
libertatibus suis, ubicumque sint terre ille vel homines eorum, 
sicut precipio per cartam meam et sic[ut] eas libertates concessi 
in carta ilia. Teste episcopo Ebr[oicense], apud Brant[onam], 

1438. Mandate of Henry I to the sheriff and ministers of Staffordshire 
and Warwickshire that Salomon the clerk, son of Humphrey 
Hasteng, and the churches which he holds of the prior and 
canons of St. Oswald shall be free of gelds, pleas and customs. 
c. 1 1 20-1 133. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. 1 1 ). 

Henricus rex Anglorum vicecomiti et rninistris suis de Stau- 
f [ordsira] l et de Warwicasira salutem. Precipio quod Salomon 
clericus, filius Unfr[idi] Hastengi, et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi quas 
Salomon tenet de priori et canonicis Sancti Oswaldi sint ita bene et 
in pace et quiete de geldis et placitis et omnibus consuetudinibus 
sicut unquam melius fuerunt. Teste [Turstino] archiepiscopo 
Eboracensi, apud Westmonasterium. 

' Stauf." in MS. Aitropus and Amfrey, sons of Humphrey de Hastinges, gave 
the mill of Salford Priors and many churches in Warwickshire. See R. Cartarum, 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL, TICKHILL 143 

1439. Notification by Henry I to the archbishop and barons of 

Yorkshire of his confirmation to the canons of St. Oswald of 
the church of Tickhill castle, given by archbishop Thurstan, 
and of the gifts of Hugh de Laval of the church of Rothwell, 
of Herbert Fitz-Herbert and William his brother, treasurer 
(of York), of the church of Weaverthorpe, and of Picot de 
Percy of the church of Bolton(-Percy). 1126-1133. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6d (old p. 10) ; Dodsw. MS., cxxxviii, f. I. 

Henricus rex Anglorum archiepiscopo Eboracensi et baroni- 
bus de Eborac[i]syra salutem. Sciatis quod concede canonicis 
de Sancto Oswaldo ecclesiam de castello de Tykehill quam 
Thurstinus archiepiscopus dedit ecclesie eorum de Sancto Os- 
waldo, et donum Hugonis de Laval de ecclesia de Rowell, 
et donum Herbert! filii Herberti et Willelmi fratris [sui] the- 
saurarii de ecclesia de Wivertorp, et donum Picoti de Perceio 
de ecclesia de Bowoltona. Et volo et precipio quod bene et in 
pace et honorifice teneant. Teste T[urstino] archiepiscopo, et 
W[illelmo] de Tanc[ardivilla], apud Westmonasterium. 

1440. Notitia of a charter of Stephen acquitting the men of Ilbert de 

Lascy, both French and English, of the forfeitures which they 
committed after the death of king Henry until the coronation 
of the same Stephen, and especially for the death of William 
Maltravers. 1135-1141. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I , n. 36, m. 2. 

Carta regis Stephani per quam clamavit quietos omnes 
homines Ilberti de Laceio, Francos et Anglos, de omnibus foris- 
factis que fecerint post mortem regis Henrici usque ad diem 
qua idem Stephanus coronatus fuit, et nominatim de forisfacto 
de morte Willelmi Maltravers. 

William Maltravers was one of Henry's favourites. In 1130 he had 
acquittance of the sums due from him for Danegeld as follows : In 
Yorkshire ,14, ios., Surrey 50^., Hertfordshire ios., and Lincolnshire 8s. 
Further, he was pardoned 30^. due to the aid in the city of London. He 
was surety for a crown debt due from William Girbert touching the geld 
assessment of the manor of Buscot, co. Berks. For the affection which 
Henry bore to Maltravers he pardoned half of the amercement imposed by 
the justices at Blythe upon Peter de Arches, and 40 marks of an amerce- 
ment of 100 marks laid upon Guy de Laval, both being tenants of the 
honor of Pontefract. 1 

Hugh de Laval, the lord of Pontefract since the forfeiture of Robert 
de Lascy, died before the financial year 1129-1130; whereupon William 
Maltravers proffered 1000 marks for the reversion of the honor, and ,100, 
payable to the king's nominee, for the wife of Hugh de Laval and all 
Hugh's land for a term of fifteen years, and after that term for the lady's 
dower and marriage portion. 2 

As mentioned elsewhere, Maltravers only enjoyed the honor some five 
years or more. Upon the announcement of Henry's death, one of the 

1 R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, passim. * ib., 34. 



144 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

knights of the honor of Pontefract, Pain by name, dealt Maltravers a deadly 
wound, so that three days after removal to the priory of Pontefract, where he 
was received into the order, he died. It is unpleasant to think that Ilbert 
de Lascy was privy to this deed, but it is significant that he obtained 
Stephen's pardon for the share which his men had had in the death of 
Maltravers. From another document (n. 1455) it will be seen that Robert 
de Campeaux was a party to this treacherous act. 

1441. Notification by Stephen to Thurstan, archbishop of York, 

Ilbert de Lascy, the sheriff and barons of Yorkshire of his 
confirmation to the canons of St. Oswald of the grant of a 
fair at Nostell made by Henry I. 1135-1139. 

Charlul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6d (old p. 10). 

Stephanus Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum 
Turstino Eboracensi archiepiscopo et Ilberto de Laceio et vice- 
comiti et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicis 
Eboracisyre salutem. Sciatis me concessisse canonicis Sancti 
Oswaldi ut habeant feriam apud Nostel duobus diebus ante 
festum Sancti Oswaldi et in die festi et duobus diebus post 
festum, et bene et in pace et honorifice earn teneant cum omnibus 
consuetudinibus suis que ferie pertinere debent, sicut melius 
tenuerunt tempore regis Henrici et sicut ipse precepit per cartam 
suam. Et omnes homines ad ipsam feriam venientes et inde 
redeuntes, cum omnibus rebus suis, firmam pacem meam habeant, 
et nullus eos disturbet nee aliquam contumeliam sive injuriam 
eis faciat super x. libras forisfacture. Testibus, episcopo Car- 
l[i]olensi et Rogero cancellario, apud Oxinefordiam. 

1442. Similar notification by Stephen of his confirmation of the 

grant of a fair at Woodkirk (in Morley), on the feast of the 
Assumption and two preceding days, and on the Nativity of 
the Virgin Mary and two preceding days, made by Henry I. 
1135-1139. 

Dodsw. MS. cxvi, f. 28 (apparently from the Chartul. of Nostell, p. 35, now lost). 

Stephanus Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum 
T[urstino] Eboracensi archiepiscopo et Ilberto de Laceio et 
vicecomitibus et omnibus baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et 
Anglis Ebora[ci]scire salutem. Sciatis me concessisse canonicis 
Sancti Oswaldi ut habeant feriam apud Wodekirke ii. diebus ante 
festum Assumptionis Marie et in die festi et duobus diebus ante 
festum Nativitatis Marie et in die festi ; et bene et in pace et 
quiete et honorifice earn teneant, cum omnibus consuetudinibus 
suis que ferie pertinere debent, sicut melius tenuerunt tempore 
regis Henrici et sicut ipse precepit per chartam suam. Et omnes 
homines ad ipsam feriam venientes et inde redeuntes, cum 
omnibus rebus suis, firmam pacem meam habeant et nullus eos 
disturbet nee aliquam contumeliam sive injuriam eis faciat super 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL, WOODKIRK 145 

decem librarum forisfacturam. Testibus, episcopo Carliolensi et 
Rogero cancellario, apud Oxenefordiam. 

1443. Mandate by Stephen to the archbishop, justices, sheriffs, 
ministers of Yorkshire and to all lords of whom Adelwold, 
bishop of Carlisle, and the canons of St. Oswald hold, that 
the said bishop and canons shall hold their churches and 
lands as fully as they held them at the death of Henry I. 
1135-^1140. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6al (old p. 10). 

Stephanus rex Anglorum archiepiscopo Eboracensi et jus- 
ticiariis et vicecomitibus et omnibus ministris suis de Eborac- 
[i]syr[a], et omnibus dominis de quibus Adelolfus episcopus 
Carlolensis et canonici Sancti Oswaldi tenent, salutem. Pre- 
cipio quod Adelolfus episcopus Carlolensis et canonici Sancti 
Oswaldi teneant omnes ecclesias suas et terras et omnes tenuras 
suas de quocumque teneant ita bene et in pace et honorifice 
sicut melius tenuerunt et inde saisiti fuerunt die qua rex Henricus 
fuit vivus et mortuus. Et si super hoc de aliqua re sunt injuste 
et sine judicio dissaisiti, resaisiantur ; ne super hoc inde clamorem 
audiam. Teste W[illelmo] Mart[el], apud Radingam. 

1444. Mandate of Stephen to the sheriff and justices of Staffordshire 
and Warwickshire to acquit Salomon the clerk, son of 
Humphrey Hasteng, and the churches, which he holds of the 
prior and canons of St. Oswald, of gelds and pleas, as in the 
time of Henry I. 1135-^.1140. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6d (old p. 10). 

Stephanus rex Anglorum vicecomitibus et justiciariis suis de 
Stadf[ordsira] et de Warwicsira salutem. Precipio quod Salomon 
clericus films Unfr[idi] Hasteng et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi quas 
ipse tenet de priori et canonicis sint ita in pace et quiete de geldis 
et placitis et omnibus consuetudinibus sicut unquam melius 
fuerunt tempore regis Henrici et ante. Teste Hugone Big[ot], 
apud North[amtonam]. 

1445. Notitia of a charter of Stephen granting to Jordan de Lascy 
in fee the manor of "Snotinton" (sic). 1136-1154. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 2. 

Carta Stephani regis Anglorum per quam dedit Jordano de 
Lascy et heredibus suis manerium de Snotintona cum omnibus 
appendenciis etc. 

The name of the manor appears to be corrupt ; but some clue to the 
locality may be obtained from the circumstance that Alexander^ Paynel 
made grants to the same Jordan of land in Tankersley, Pilley, Wortley, 
and Great Houghton, the record of which follows the entry of this charter 
at the above reference. These grants seem to have some connexion with 
III K 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

the transfer of the manors of Tankersley, Pilley, and Wortley from the fee 
of Mortain, under which they were surveyed in Domesday, to the Lascy 
fee of Pontefract. 1 

1446. Notitia of a charter of Stephen, confirming to Henry de Lascy 
in fee the castle of Almondbury, Dalton, and the castle of 
Barwick-in-Elmet. 1142-1154. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 2. 

Carta regis Stephani per quam concessit Henrico de Lascy 
et heredibus suis castellum de Almanberia etc. Dalton laud 2 
castell[um] de Berewica. 

In this charter we possibly have mention of two of the adulterine 
castles which were erected during the anarchy ; that at Almondbury, as 
the name itself suggests, standing upon the site of an earlier English 
stronghold. 3 This manor had been held by the two Englishmen, Chetel 
and Swen, and at the time of the Survey was held by Leusin under Ilbert 
de Lascy. The neighbouring manor of Dalton had descended from 
Ailric to his son Swen, who held it under Ilbert, when the Survey was 
made. In the case of Almondbury there had been an escheat before the 
time of Henry de Lascy, in whose demesne it was, and by whom the 
wooden castle there had been erected. In Dalton his interest was that 
of the feudal superior over the mesne tenant, Adam son of Swen. 

1447- Confirmation by Stephen to Savard, prior, and the canons of 
Nostell of all gifts made to them by Henry I and others, before 
the death of Henry I and after. 1153-1154. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6rf(old p. 10) 

Stephanus rex Anglorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
comitibus, vicecomitibus, baronibus, et omnibus ministris et 
fidelibus suis totius Anglic salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et 
confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et Seuardo priori 
et canonicis regularibus ibidem Deo servientibus imperpetuum 
obtinenda omnia dona ilia que rex Henricus avunculus meus eis 
dedit, et quecumque eis alii fideles dederunt vel canonice in futuro 
dederint, et quecumque tenuerunt die qua rex Henricus fuit 
vivus et mortuus, de quocumque tenuissent. Quare volo et 
firmiter precipio quod bene et in pace et libere et quiete teneant, 
sicut unquam melius et quietius tenuerunt. Testibus, Nigello 
episcopo de Ely et Ricardo de Curci et Radulfo de Haia et Adam 
de Belver, apud Lincolniam. 

1 448. Notification of Stephen of his gift to the monks of Pontefract 
of the churches of St. Sampson and St. Benet, in the city of 
York, to hold in alms, which gift he made at the prayer of 

1 Cf. Hunter, S. York*., ii, 306. * The abstract is corrupt. 

* Yorks. Arch. Jour., xvi, 241. 



LASCY FEE: ALMONDBURY, YORK 147 

William son of Rainer, his clerk, to whom he had previously 
given them. 1154. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 21. Pd. in Chartul. of Pont efr act, n. 70. 

S[tephanus] rex Angl[orum] archiepiscopo Eboracensi et 
capitulo Sancti Petri et justiciariis et vicecomitibus et ministris 
et omnibus fidelibus suis de Eboraco et de Eboraciscira salutem. 
Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse in perpetuam elemosinam 
ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto et monachis in ea Deo 
servientibus ecclesiam Sancti Samsonis et ecclesiam Sancti Bene- 
dicti in civitate Eboraci cum pertinentiis earum. Quare volo et 
precipio quod predicta ecclesia Sancti Johannis ecclesias illas 
bene et in pace et libere et quiete et honorifice teneat et monachi 
qui in ea Deo serviunt possideant in perpetuam elemosinam, 
solutam et quietam [ab] omni seculari servitio et exactione, sicut 
eis presenti carta confirmo petitione Willelmi filii Raineri clerici 
mei cui prius illas dederam. Testibus, Roberto episcopo Lin- 
colniensi et Hugone episcopo Dunelmensi et Eustachio filio 
Johannis et Henrico de Lascy et Ricardo de Luci et Ricardo de 
Canvil, apud Eboracum. 

This grant is said by Mr. Holmes to have been revoked. In 1226 
the church of St. Sampson was in the patronage of William de Rotherfield, 
archdeacon of Richmond, who permitted his right of preferment to lapse 
to the archbishop. 1 In 1276 the prior and convent of Pontefract presented 
to this living. 2 In 1337 Sir Hugh le Botoner of York, chaplain, had 
licence to build houses on part of the cemetery of the church of St. 
Sampson by the way called " le Newegate," in length 130 feet between 
land of the commonalty of the city, anciently a common lane at Patrick- 
pool and a lane at " Thoresday-market," and 20 feet in breadth from 
Newegate into the cemetery, and from the rents to found a chantry subject 
to various conditions. 3 The history of the church of St. Benet in Patrick's 
Pool, before known as Swine-gate, is obscure. William de Melton, arch- 
bishop of York, obtained from the crown a grant in mortmain of a void 
plot of ground called Benet-place in Patrick-pool, whereon the church of 
St. Benet had formerly stood, to build upon and make chantries of John, 
archbishop of York. This was not done, and in 1359 the place was full 
of filth and desolate. John de Thoresby, then archbishop, petitioned the 
king to grant him licence to build thereon rentable houses and to assign 
the plot in mortmain to the vicars of the church of St. Peter, York, in aid 
of their sustenance. 4 This was the origin of the name " Bennet's Rents," 
assigned to this place. 5 See also nos. 294, 295. 

1449. Notitia of a charter of Henry II testifying that he and the 
empress Matilda, his mother, have pardoned Henry de Lascy 
and his heirs the anger and ill-will which king Henry, his 
grandfather, bore towards Robert de Lascy, Henry's father, 
and for any forfeiture incurred by Henry before he did homage 
to the king ; and confirmation to him and his heirs of the 

1 Keg. Gray, n. 2 Reg. Giffard, 255. 

3 Cal. of Pat. R., 1334-1338, p. 399. 

4 ib., 1358-1361, p. 267. 5 Drake, Eboracum, 322. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

honor of Pontefract with all the appurtenances in England and 

Normandy. 1154-^.1156. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. I. 1 

Item, Carta regis Henrici secundi per quam testatur Matilldem 
imperatricem matrem suam et ipsum perdonasse Henrico de 
Lascy et heredibus suis iram et malevolenciam quam rex Henricus 
avus suus habuit adversus Robertum de Lascy, patrem, et quic- 
quid Henricus de Lascy forisfecerit antequam regi homagium 
fecisset. Concessit etiam et confirmavit sibi et heredibus suis 
honorem de Pontefracto cum omnibus pertinentiis suis tarn 
in Anglia quam in Normannia. 

The causes which led to the banishment of Robert de Lascy and his 
forfeiture of the honor of Pontefract are an insoluble enigma. Although 
apparently implicated in the attempt made by duke Robert in the autumn 
of HOI and spring of 1102 to wrest England from Henry, he appears 
to have been half-hearted in his support, probably owing to the disincli- 
nation of his English vassals to take up arms against the king. At any 
rate Henry seems to have adopted a conciliatory and even a beneficent 
attitude towards Robert, granting him lands in both Lancashire 2 and 
Yorkshire, 3 in an endeavour to retain his firm allegiance. During the 
events which culminated disastrously for duke Robert at Tinchebrai there 
is no evidence of treachery towards Henry on the part of Robert de Lascy. 
He was present at the council of all England held at Nottingham in 1109, 
when Henry issued a charter in favour of St. Cuthbert's, Durham.* Later 
he took part, apparently with Thomas II, archbishop of York, in an agree- 
ment made between the monks of La Charite at Pontefract and the 
canons of St. Oswald at Nostell, touching the ecclesiastical rights of the 
church of Featherston. 5 If the document is genuine this would be between 
May, 1108, and 24 February, 1114. Apparently about the same period he 
founded the priory of Cluniac monks at Pontefract. * Before the Lindsey 
Survey was made (1115-1118) he had been banished and his honor given 
to Hugh de Laval. I have suggested elsewhere that the events which 
passed in Normandy between the seizure and imprisonment of Robert of 
Belesme in November, 1112, and the insurrection of Villerai and other 
lords of Belesme and Ponthieu, which terminated with the fall of the castle 
of Belesme in May, 1113, may have led to Robert de Lascy's fall. 7 

By the present charter Henry, as direct and right heir of Henry I, 
revoked the forfeiture promulgated against Robert de Lascy, and restored 
the honor of Pontefract to Robert's younger son and heir, Henry de Lascy, 
pardoning the forfeitures incurred by him during the late anarchy, and 
remitting the king's hereditary anger and ill-will against the family and 
line of Lascy. 

1450. Notitia of a charter of Henry II pardoning Henry de Lascy for 
any forfeiture incurred during the war before peace was made 
between Henry (as duke) and king Stephen. 1154-^.1156. 

Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 2. 
Item, Carta regis Henrici per quam perdonavit eidem Henrico 

1 Def>. Keepers A'efi., xxxi, App. 4. Lanes. Pipe R., 382. 

1 See nos. 1418-22. Hist. Dunelm. Script., p. xxxii ; Mon. AngL, i, 242. 

* Chartul. of Nostell, f. \Q\d. See no. 1465. No. 1485. 

1 V.C.H. Lanes., i, 315 ; Orderic (ed. Le Prevost), iv. 304-309. 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT PRIORY 149 

[de Laceio] quicquid ipse forisfecerit in guerra antequam pax facta 
esset inter ipsum Henricum et regem Stephanum. 

In common with most of the Yorkshire barons Henry de Lascy was 
an active adherent of Stephen against the empress Matilda and her son. 
The death of his brother Ilbert, soon after the battle of Lincoln in December, 
1141, raised Henry de Lascy to the position of one of the chief barons of 
the country. There are indications that he used his position during the 
anarchy with undue severity towards the religious houses, seizing lands 
which had been bestowed in alms by those whom he regarded as usurpers 
of his father's English fee. Subsequently he seems to have made restitution. 



1451. Confirmation by Henry II to the monks of St. John's, Ponte- 
fract, of the gifts of land, churches and other possessions made 
to them. 1155-1158. 

Charter R., 14 Hen. Ill, pt. i, m. I ; 12 Edw. II, m. 7. Pd. in Cal. of 
Charter R., i, 109; Chartul. of Pontefract (Yorks. Record Soc.), n. 73. 

Henricus Dei gratia rex Anglorum [et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum] archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus et 
omnibus fidelibus suis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et presenti 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Ponte 
Fracto et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus omnes donationes 
terrarum et hominum et elemosinarum que rationabiliter eis facte 
sunt in ecclesiis et in omnibus aliis rebus et possessionibus, scilicet 
situm ecclesie eorum in Pontefracto et ibidem septem acras cum 
mansuris earum et in Brakenhil tresdecim acras et in eadem villa 
ecciesiam Omnium Sanctorum cum capellis et terris et ceteris 
pertinentiis, et ecciesiam de Ledesham cum capella de Fareburna 
et cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis, et medietatem prefate ville de 
Ledesham et Ledistonam et Wytewud et Dededwurth et Bernes- 
leyam et Kellingleyam cum omnibus earum pertinentiis, et aquam 
a molendinis Castelforde usque ad Thornestrem, et custodiam 
hospitalis Sancti Nicolai in Pontefracto intus et foris ad disposi- 
tionem eorum in usus pauperum ; et unam carucatam terre in 
Pontefracto et * triginta acras terre et Estmolendinum et decimam 
redditus ville de Pontefracto et ecciesiam de Dardinton cum 
capella de Stapelton et cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis et eccie- 
siam de Kippeys cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis ; et 2 ecciesiam 
de Slatteburn cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis, et ecciesiam de 
Walleya cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis, et capellam castelli de 
Gliderho cum decimis omnium rerum dominii, et ibidem ecciesiam 
Beate Marie Magdalene cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis, et 
ecciesiam de Calna cum terris et ceteris pertinentiis, et ecciesiam 

1 In another charter of confirmation of Henry II, which I have described in the 
observations as the second charter of Henry II, this sentence down to " Estmolen- 
dinum" does not occur ; Chartul. of Pontefract, 101. 

1 The same charter adds here " in Boolanda." 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

de Brunleya cum terris et pertinentiis ; capella l vero Beati 
Clementis alteri religioni non dabitur nisi ecclesie Sancti Johannis 
de Pontefracto ; 2 et piscatoriam unam in Begehal et decimam 
carnis de venatione 3 domini et carnis et coriorum ; et duas 
bovatas terre in Thorp 4 cum omnibus pertinentiis; et in 
Shitlinton 6 sex bovatas terre cum omnibus pertinentiis; 6 item in 
eadem villa sex bovatas terre cum omnibus pertinentiis de feodo 
comitis Warenne, et libertatem et quietantiam de omni theloneo 
et consuetudine seculari per totum feodum suum in ilia terra 
manentibus ; et vij mansuras cum toftis earum in Pontefracto ; 
et unam bovatam terre in Altoftis cum pertinentiis ; et in 
Fristona duas bovatas terre cum pertinentiis, et molendinum 
Hamelini et tres acras eidem molendino pertinentes; ex capitulo 
Beati Petri Eboracensis dimidiam Ledesham finaliter pro x marcis 
per singulos annos solvendis, 7 quinque in festo Sancti Wulfridi et 
alias v in Nativitate Sancte Marie ; et totam terram de Petfeld, 8 
duas scilicet partes in perpetuam elemosinam et tertiam partem 
pro xvj denariis singulis annis ; 9 et passagium de Castreford et 
Ix solidos singulis annis de primis denariis redditus ville de 
Pontefracto et in eadem villa, in foro scilicet et extra forum, 
h'centiam in primis emendi necessaria et ipsis et eorum hominibus 
manentibus in feodo Pontisfracti libertatem et quietantiam de 
omni consuetudine seculari ; et passagium de Suthfereby cum 
tribus bovatis terre et earum pertinentiis et xiiij mansuris in 
eadem villa et in Horkestowe ; 10 et ecclesiam de Silkeston et sex 
bovatas terre in eadem villa cum pertinentiis suis et capellam n de 
C[althorn] cum duabus partibus decimarum totius dominii et in 
eadem villa duas bovatas terre cum pertinentiis 12 et tres bovatas 

1 The same charter has "ecclesia vero beati Clementis de Pontefracto alie 
ecclesie," etc. 

I The same adds here "et unam bovatam terre in Torph" instead of the entry 
lower down. 

3 The same continues "carnis dominii et coriorum; et xxx acras terre in 
Pontefracto," and omits the paragraph about land in Thorpe. 

No charter of this gift has been preserved, nor is it named in no. 1475. 

8 No charter of this gift of Hugh de Laval has been preserved. See p. 170. 

The same charter has in place of this sentence and those which follow, down 
to " ex capitulo Beati Petri," these words : " Et in Schetlintona xxj bovatas terre ; et 
iij mansuras cum toftis earum in Pontefracto ; et duas bovatas terre in Fristona 
et iij acras juxta molendinum et ipsum molendinum ; et unam carucatam terre in 
G[un]olvesmeles et quicquid ad illam pertinet." 

7 The same charter continues here : " et duas ecclesias in Eboraco, scilicet ecclesiam 
Sancti Samsonis et Sancti Benedicti et quicquid ad illas pertinet." 

8 The charters of Pain de la Laund and Hugh de Stivelon have not been pre- 
served. The former had remitted the yearly service of 320?. from his portion of the 
land. 

The same charter has in place of this sentence : " Et totam terram de Pecche 
feld finaliter pro quatuor solidis per annum." The ensuing sentences are then 
omitted until " Et passagium de Suth Ferribi." etc. 

"et in Horkestowe" omitted in Henry's second charter. 

II " ecclesiam " ; ib. 

11 " et in eadem . . . pertinentiis " omitted ; ib. 



LASCY FEE : PONTEFRACT PRIORY I 5 I 

terre in Middelton ; et scitum monasterii x Beate Marie Magdalene 
de Lunda cum Brettona 2 et Newham 3 et [Reinesbergh] et 
Linttveit et quicquid in Bramtona et quicquid habetur inter 
Airnam 4 et Steinclif usque Merebroc, et molendina de Dirna ; et 
Lundam 5 et Carletonam cum omnibus earum pertinentiis et 
ecclesiam 6 de [Cattewyk] 7 cum quatuor bovatis terre et ceteris 
pertinentiis et in eadem villa unam bovatam terre cum pertinentiis, 
et in Bruttona unam carucatam terre cum omnibus pertinentiis 
et in Swilintona 8 unam carucatam terre cum pertinentiis et in 
Dardintona [quatuor bovatas terre] cum pertinentiis suis ; in 
Stapeltona unam bovatam terre cum pastura c. ovium et ceteris 
pertinentiis ; in Rohala duas bovatas terre cum pertinentiis et in 
Nottingleya 9 unam bovatam terre cum pertinentiis. Quare 10 
volo et [firmiter precipio quod predicti] monachi omnes terras et 
possessiones et elemosinas suas habeant et teneant cum soca et 
saca et thol et them et infangenethef et cum omnibus aliis liber- 
tatibus et liberis consuetudinibus et [quietanciis suis in bosco] et 
piano, in pratis et pascuis, in aquis et molendinis, in stagnis et 
vivariis, in viis et semitis. Item ex dono avi mei regis Henrici 
et ex concessione et confirmatione mea iidem monachi [et eorum 
homines sint] liberi et quieti de sectis comitatuum et de tridingis 
et wapentacis et de scutagiis et de geldis et de omni theloneo tam 
per aquam quam per terrani per totum regnum meum et de omni 
seculari servitio [et consuetudine servili] et de omni exactione. 
Hec omnia eis concessi et confirmavi in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam pro anima predicti avi mei regis Henrici et pro salute 
anime mee et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum. 
Hiis [testibus, Thoma cancellario, Henrico] episcopo Wintoniensi, 
Roberto comite Leicestrensi, Hugone comite 11 Norwicensi, Hugone 

1 " ecclesie " ; ib. 

2 The charter granting these places has not been preserved ; but see p. 170. 

3 "Neuhala"; ib. 
* " in Ayra" ; ib. 

6 The same charter continues : " in Cuberlanda capellam beate Andree apostoli 
juxta Culgeit cum omnibus pertinentiis suis," and omits " et Carletonam cum omnibus 
earum pertinentiis." 

' The same charter continues to the end : " et dimidietatem ecclesie de Catthewic 
et unam bovatam terre in eadem villa et duas bovatas terre in Caltona et j bovatam 
terre in Ravenesfeld et duas bovatas terre in Boshurst et unam carrucatam terre in 
Broctona cum omnibus pertinentiis suis." 

7 See nos. 1318-1324. 8 ib. 

9 No charter of this gift has been found. 

10 This clause is omitted in the other charter, which continues from the end of 
note i : " Insuper etiam concede eis quietanciam de Cuntez et de Tridings et de 
Wapentaciis sicuti carta Henrici regis avi mei testatur. Volo etiam et firmiter 

' precipio ut omnes tenuras suas ubicumque fuerint sive in terris sive in ecclesiis, in 
silvis. in acris, libere et quiete teneant ab omni seculari exactione ita ut nullus eis alioqui 
molestiam vel injuriam facial. Testibus, Thoma cancellario, Hugone episcopo 
Dunolmensi, Rainald filio regis Henrici et comite Cornubiensi, Hugone Bigod, 
Henrico de Hesexia, Ricardo de Luci, Ricardo de Humaz, apud Norhamton." 

11 "episcopo" in MS. 



152 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



episcopo Dunelmensi, Ricardo de Humez, Ricardo de Luscy, 
Henrico de Essexa, Henrico de Lasceio, apud Norhantonam. 1 

Comparison of this with another charter of confirmation issued by 
Henry II* is made in the footnotes. The attestation of both charters by 
Thomas Becket, the chancellor, fixes the period of issue as 1154-1162. 
Within that period the king probably visited Northampton twice at the 
least; once in January, 1155, and again at a great council held there 17 
July, 1157. If Eyton is correct in assigning some 6 charters, all attested 
by the chancellor and issued at Northampton, to January, 1 155," then these 
two confirmations may have been issued at that time also ; but the date of 
issue of n. 1451 is most likely 17 July, 1 157, and certainly before 1160. Cf. 
n. 1321. 

The issue of two charters of confirmation by Henry II, apparently 
about the same time, with very considerable differences of substance and 
form, is puzzling, to say the least. While unable to prove that the second 
charter is a forgery, I am equally unable to assert its genuineness. Quite 
a number of charters, purporting to have been issued in favour of the 
monks of Pontefract prior to the year 1160, contain features which throw 
doubt upon their authenticity. For that reason the confirmation of Henry I 
has been omitted from this series. It is addressed " Deo et Sancte Marie 
et Sancto Johanni Evangeliste et monachis de Pontefracto," a description 
not in accord with the contemporary history of the monastery. The bulk 
of the charter is a confirmation of Robert de Lascy's gift of Dodworth with 
a minute description of the boundaries of that township, similar to those 
given in a spurious charter of Robert de Lascy. After the clause " Quare 
volo" the gift of Swane son of Ailric of the church of Silkstone and chapel 
of Cawthorne is confirmed. Then follows a clause commencing : " Item 
volo et firmiter precipio," by which a grant is made of sac, soc, tol, theam 
and infangenethef. The next and last clause before the testing clause 
runs : " Item ex concessione et confirmatione mea prefati monachi et eorum 
tenentes sint liberi et quieti de sectis comitatus, et de triding, et de wapen- 
taca, et de scutagio, et de geldo, et de omni theloneo, tarn per aquam quam 
per terram, per totum regnum meum et de omni seculari servitio et opere 
et consuetudine servili." This clause, mutatis mutandis, appears in the 
confirmation of Henry II. 

A possible explanation of the spurious charters entered in the chartulary 
is that, during the anarchy of Stephen's reign, Henry de Lascy destroyed 
or so mutilated the title-deeds of the monastery that an attempt was per- 
force made in the reign of Henry II to replace the lost or damaged evi- 
dences with exemplifications of the originals, and in some instances, such, 
for example, as the Peckfield charters of Pain de Lalaund and Mauger de 
Stiveton, to obtain from the original donor or his heir a new charter of gift. 

1452. Confirmation by Henry II to the monks of Kirkstall of the 
gifts of Henry de Lascy, Hugh earl of Norfolk, William de 
Hedingley, William de Rainevill, Samson de Alreton, Herbert 
de Morevill and others. 1155-1162. 

From the original formerly penes Ralph Thoresby of Leeds, esq. See 
Stevens' Continuation of Man. Angl., ii, App., 245 (A). From Roger 
Dodsworth's MS. transcribed by Chr. Towneley in Transcr. from 
Monastic Chartularies (penes W. Farrer), p. 616 (B). 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, [abbatibus, comi- 

1 The missing words have been added from Charter Roll, 12 Edw. II, no. 22. 
1 Chartul. of Pontefract, 101. 3 //,. of Hen. 77, 3. 



LASCY FEE: KIRKSTALL ABBEY 153 

tibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, ministris] et omnibus 
suis fidelibus Francis et Anglis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et abbatie Sancte 
Marie de Kirkstal et monachis Cisterciensis ordinis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, pro salute anime mee et regine et heredum meorum 
et 1 pro anima patris mei et avi mei regis H[enrici] et omnium 
predecessorum meorum, ipsum locum de Kirkstal quern habent 
ex dono H[enrici] de Laceio et vacariam que vocatur Bracheneleia 
juxta Rundheia et pasturam ; ex dono Hugonis comitis de 
Northfolc Bernoldeswick cum omnibus appendiciis suis assensu 
et petitione Henrici de Laceio ; ex dono W[illelmi] de Haddingleia 
et filii sui Thome terram de Haddingleia sicut carta ejus continet ; 
ex dono W[illelmi] de Rainavilla Esseleyam 2 eum terris et boscis 
et aqua sicut carta illius continet ; ex dono Samsonis de Alretun 
et filii sui Wfillelmi] duas carucatas terre et unam bovatam in 
Alretun ; ex dono Herberti de Morevill et Ricardi filii sui terram 
de Micheltuitz 3 assensu et confirmatione domini sui Rogeri de 
Mubray 4 ; ex dono Ade filii Gospatric terram de Haldefelde 5 
cum omnibus appendiciis suis sicut carta ejus continet ; ex dono 
W[illelmi] de Besacle 6 et W[illelmi] de Millerei et Gaufridi de 
Sancto Patricio totam terram in Besaclem et in soca de Brantuna 
sicut eorum carte et chirographie testantur ; ex dono Ade filii 
Petri et W[ ] de Metheleia et Roberti filii Huberti terram in 
Horsford cum pastura sicut eorum carta testatur ; ex dono 
Engelran forgiam et terram in Ardeslaw sicut carta ejus continet. 
Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod prefati monachi teneant 
omnes predictas terras et cetera omnia que ab aliis hominibus 
rationabiliter eis collocata sicut ante fuerunt ita bene et in pace, 
honorifice, libere et quiete sicut donatorum carte testantur cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis in bosco, in piano, in pratis, in pascuis, 
in assartis, in aquis et stagnis, in viis et semitis et omnibus locis, 
cum saca et soca et tol et tern et infangenthefe et cum omnibus 
aliis libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis et quietantiis de 
scira et hundred et tementale et Danegeld et geldis et placitis et 
omnibus querelis, assisis et auxiliis, scutagiis et operibus et 
omnibus occasionibus et omni terrene servitio et seculari exacti- 
one. Precipio etiam quod de nulla terra de qua cartas vel chiro- 
graphas habent pro nullo brevi disseisentur nee inde placitentur 
nisi coram me, et quod homines et equi et animalia et omnes res 
sue sint quiete de teloneo et passagio et omni alia consuetudine 
quocumque venerint, et nullus eos super hoc injuste vexet nee 
disturbet super forisfacturam x librarum. Teste Thoma can- 
cellario. 

1 " et pro . . . predecessorum meorum " omitted in B. 

2 " Asselia" in Chartul. of Kirkstall, n. 83. 

* " Mickletwait " in B. * " Mumbreia," ib. 

6 " Halefeild " in A ; " Halfield " in B. " Besode " in A ; " Bassade " in B. 



J.SJ4 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1453. Notification by Henry II to the justices of Yorkshire and 
Nottinghamshire that the church of St. Oswald of Nostell, the 
canons, their men and goods are under his protection. 1 156- 

"59- 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. u). 

Henricus[rex] Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et conies Andegavorum justiciariis de Eborac[iscira] et de Noting- 
h[amscira] salutem. Sciatis quod ecclesia Sancti Oswaldi de 
Nostel' et canonic! ejusdem ecclesie et homines sui et omnes res 
sue sunt in mea manu, defensione et custodia. Quare volo et 
precipio ut earn manuteneatis et defendatis, et prohibeo ne aliquis 
eidem ecclesie vel rebus suis aliquam facial injuriam aut violentiam. 
Teste Frogero archidiacono, apud Turon[as]. 

Froger, archdeacon of Derby and king's almoner, was consecrated 
bishop of Sees in 1159. 

1454. Notification of Henry II that the corrody and possessions of 
the canons of St. Oswald are quit of toll, custom and passage 
throughout the realm. 1155-1162. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. 11). 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum omnibus vicecomitibus et ministris totius 
Anglic salutem. Precipio quod totum corredium et omnes res 
canonicorum de Sancto Oswaldo unde homines sui poterint affidare 
esse suas dominicas sint quiete de omni theoloneo et consuetudine 
et passagio ; et super hoc nullus homines suos vel res suas 
injuste disturbet, super x. libras forisfacture. Testibus, Thoma 
cancellario et Reginaldo comite, apud Lundoniam. 

A similar mandate addressed to the justices, sheriffs and royal ministers 
throughout England is transcribed on the next page of the chartulary 
(f. id, old p. 12). It ends, "Teste Ricardo de Canvilla, apud 
Nord[hamtonam]," and may be dated between 1155 and 1170. 

1455. Mandate of Henry II to Henry de Lascy to permit the 
brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, to hold in peace 
42 acres of land in Cridling, which Robert de Campeaux gave 
them before he was appealed of the death of William 
Maltravers. 1155-1177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Nero D. iii, f. 4^. 

H[enricus] rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquita- 
norum et comes Andegavorum Henrico de Laci salutem. Precipio 
quod fratres hospitalis Sancti Petri de Eboraco teneant bene et 
in pace et juste xlii. acras terre de Credelyng quas Robertus de 
Campellis eis dedit antequam appellatus esset de morte Willelmi 
Maltravers; et prohibeo ne quis eis inde contumeliam vel in- 
juriam facial ; sed ita libere et quiete et juste teneant sicut eis eas 
dedit predictus Robertus ante appellationem. Quod nisi feceris 



LASCY FEE: CRIDLING, BAMBROUGH 155 

justitia mea facial ne inde amplius clamorem audiam pro penuria 
recti. Teste Ricardo de Hum[ez], apud Westmonasterium. 

1456. Mandate of Henry II to the bishop of Durham to permit the 
prior and canons of St. Oswald to have their church of 
Bambrough. 1164-1175. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6d (old p. 10). 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum episcopo Dunelmensi salutem. Precipio 
quod prior de Sancto Oswaldo et canon ici ejusdem loci habeant 
et teneant ecclesiam suam de Bamburgo cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis tarn in terris et decimis quam in omnibus aliis ad earn 
pertinentibus ita bene et in pace et libere et quiete et juste et 
plenarie et integre et honorifice sicut carta regis Henrici avi mei 
et carta mea testantur. Et nisi feceris archiepiscopus Ebora- 
censis faciat. Teste magistro Johanne de Oxen[fordia], apud 
Notingh[am]. 

1457. Notification of Henry II to Hugh, bishop of Durham, and his 

men of Northumberland of his grant to the prior and canons 
of Nostell that they shall have the church of Bambrough in 
their own hand, after the death of Hugh Murdac, king's 
clerk, as Henry I gave it to them. 1161-1173. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 7 (old p. n). 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquita- 
norum et comes Andegavorum Hugoni Dei gratia Dunelmensi 
episcopo et omnibus successoribus suis et omnibus hominibus suis 
de Northumberland' salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et hac mea 
carta confirmasse priori et canonicis Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a] 
ut habeant post mortem Hugonis Murdac clerici mei ecclesiam 
suam de Hamburg', cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, in propria 
manu sua, quam Henricus rex avus meus eis prius dederat et 
carta sua confirmaverat. Et volo ut predicti canonici teneant 
predictam ecclesiam cum omnibus pertinentiis bene et in pace 
et integre et honorifice, in liberam et puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam sicut dominicam elemosinam meam. Testibus, Bartho- 
lomeo episcopo Exoniensi et Goscelino episcopo Sale[s]beriensi, 
apud Salesberiam. 

1458. Mandate of Henry II to Reginald de Crevequer to warrant to 
the canons of St. Oswald the land of Stixwould and mill of 
Ashby(-Puerorum, co. Line.) with the multure, which Gilbert 
son of Joscelin gave them in alms. 1164-1175. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 8 (old p. 13). 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquita- 
norum et comes Andegavorum Reginaldo de Creueq[ue]r salutem. 
Precipio quod juste et sine dilatione guarantiees canonicis de 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Sancto Oswaldo terram de Estichewalt et molendinum de 
Aschebi cum tola multura, unde annuatim habent x. solidos, que 
G[ilebertus] filius G[ocelini] eis dedit in elemosinam sicut carta 
tua testatur. Et nisi feceris, vicecomes Lincoln[ie]sir[e] facial 
fieri, ne inde amplius clamorem audiam pro penuria recti. 
Teste Johanne de Oxen[fordia], apud Wodestocam. 

1459. Notitia of a writ of Henry II directing that Henry de Lascy 
should hold Crofton in peace, which Adam de Montbegon 
had mortgaged to him. 1172-1177. 

D. of Lane., Miscellanea, portf. I, n. 36, m. 3. 

Carta regis Henrici per quam precepit quod idem Henricus 
[de Lascy] teneret in pace Croftonam cum pertinentiis quam 
Adam de Monte Begonis ei invadiavit. 

In Crofton, described in Domesday as "Scrotone" and "Scroftune," 
Gerneber and Alward had 2 manors, assessed at 4 carucates of land, which 
Gerbodo of Warmfield and Water- Friston held under Ilbert at the time 
of the Survey. The lands of Gerbodo having escheated to the chief lord, 
half the town, or perhaps a fourth part, was given to the ancestor of 
Waleys, and half, or three-fourths, to Swain son of Ailric. 

This writ was issued in favour of Henry de Lascy to secure him in 
possession of Crofton, possibly after the death of Adam de Montbegon in 
1172. Crofton was a member of the fee of Adam son of Swain (d. 1159), 
whose father had given i carucate here to Nostell. It had descended to 
Adam de Montbegon in right of his wife. 

1460. Confirmation by Henry II to the leper brethren of St. Mary 
and St. Lazarus without the walls of Jerusalem of various 
churches in cos. Lincoln, Derby and York, including that of 
Castleford given by Henry de Lascy. 1178-1184. 

Charter R., 2 Edw. Ill, m. 24 ; Cal. of Charter R., iv, 77. 
Henricus Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus et 
omnibus ministris et fidelibus suis, salutem. Sciatis me conces- 
sisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et 
ecclesie Sancti Lazari extra muros Jerosolyme et fratribus 
leprosis ejusdem loci ecclesiam de Hal' et ecclesiam de Hekin- 
tona et ecclesiam de Thrikingeham cum omnibus pertinentiis suis 
quas comes Simon et Adelicia de Gaunt comitissa eis in presentia 
mea dederunt et cartis suis confirmaverunt. Concedo etiam eis 
et confirmo ecclesiam de Haselbeche et ecclesiam de Losebia et 
ecclesiam de Gaubia, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis quas Willel- 
mus Burdet in presentia mea eis dedit et carta sua confirmavit. 
Et preterea concede eis et confirmo omnes rationabiles donationes 
et concessiones ecclesiarum que eis facte sunt, scilicet ex dono 
comitis Willelmi de Ferrariis ecclesiam de Spondena cum omni- 
bus pertinentiis suis, et ex dono Henrici de Lacy ecclesiam de 



LASCY FEE: CROFTON, CASTLEFORD 157 

Castelford cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Quare volo et firmiter 
precipio quod predicta ecclesia Sancti Lazari Jerosolyme et 
fratres leprosi ejusdem loci habeant et teneant omnes predictas 
ecclesias cum omnibus pertinentiis suis bene et in pace, libere et 
quiete, plenarie et integre et honorifice, in bosco et piano, in 
pratis et pasturis, in viis et semitis, in aquis et molendinis, in 
stagnis et vivariis, in mariscis et piscariis, in grangiis et vir- 
gultis, infra burgum et extra, et in omnibus aliis locis, cum omni- 
bus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus, sicut carte donatorum 
testantur. Testibus, Gaufrido filio meo, Folqueio Painel, Regi- 
naldo de Curtenai, Roberto de Stuttevilla, Radulfo filio Stephani, 
Bertrando de Verdun, Michaele Belet, Willelmo de Bending, apud 
Clippestonam. 

1461. Confirmation by Henry II to the monks of Kirkstall of the 
place of Kirkstall given by Henry de Lascy, and the vaccary of 
Brackenby, near Roundhay ; Barnoldswick given by the same 
Henry and confirmed by Hugh, earl of Norfolk ; Micklethwaite 
given by Hugh de Morevill and Richard his son and confirmed 
by Roger de Mowbray. 1170-1173. 

Charter R., I Edw. Ill, m. 20. Pd. in Cal. of Chart. R., iv, 46; Coucher 
of Kirkstall (Thoresby Soc.), n. 307. 

Henricus rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et Aquitanorum 
et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
comitibus, baronibus, justitiis, vicecomitibus, ministris et omnibus 
hominibus et fidelibus suis, Francis et Anglis, totius Anglic, 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse 
Deo et abbatie Sancte Marie de Kirkestal et monachis Cyster- 
ciensis ordinis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute anime mee et 
pro animabus patris et matris mee et avi mei regis Henrici et 
omnium predecessorurn meorum, ipsum locum de Kirkestal quem 
habent ex dono Henrici de Lacy et vaccariam que vocatur 
Brachinel[eia] juxta Rundeh[aiam] et pasturam ; item ex dono 
ejusdem Bernolveswic cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, assensu et 
confirmatione Hugonis comitis de Northfolchia de cujus feodo 
ipsa terra est ; ex dono Herbert! de Morevilla et Ricardi filii 
sui terram de Mucle et Thwait cum essartis, assensu et confir- 
matione Rogeri de Mobray, et omnia alia que eis rationabiliter 
data sunt in terris et aliis tenementis secundum quod carte dona- 
torum testantur. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod predicta 
abbatia et monachi in ea Deo servientes omnia predicta et que- 
cunque rationabiliter eis data sunt vel data fuerint, habeant et 
teneant bene et in pace, libere et quiete, integre et plenarie 
et honorifice in bosco et piano, in pratis et pasturis, in essartis et 
aquis et in stagnis, in viis et semitis et in omnibus aliis locis et 
aliis rebus ad ea pertinentibus cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus suis sicut carte donatorum testantur et sicut ea 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ipsis concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi. Testibus, R[otrodo] 
archiepiscopo Rothomagensi, A[rnulfo] episcopo Lexoviensi, 
Egidio episcopo Ebroicensi, Willelmo comite de Albamarla, 
Rogero comite de Clara, comite Willelmo de Mand' Villa, Willel- 
mo comite de Arundella, Hugone de Longo Campo, Hugone de 
Creissy, Waltero de Dunstanvilla, apud Kevilli. 

1462. Notification by Henry II that the abbey, abbot and monks 
of Kirkstall, their lands and possessions are in his protection. 
1170-1185. 

Bodl. Lib., Yorks. chs. n. i.* Pd. (imperfect) in Cottc her of Kirkstall, n. 309. * 

Henricus Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, archidiaconis, decanis, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, 
vicecomitibus, et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus ejus totius Anglic 
salutem. Sciatis quod abbatia et abbas de Kirkestal et monachi 
in ea Deo servientes et fratres et homines ejusdem abbatie et terre 
et omnes res et possessiones sue sunt in manu et custodia et 
protectione mea ; et ideo precipio quod abbatiam illam et abbatem 
et monachos et fratres ipsius abbatie et homines et omnes res et 
possessiones suas custodiatis et manuteneatis et protegatis sicut 
meas proprias, ita quod nullam injuriam vel gravamen aut mole- 
stiam eis faciatis nee fieri permittatis. Et si quis eis super hoc in 
aliquo forisfacere presumpserit, plenariam eis inde sine dilatione 
justitiam fieri faciatis. Et prohibeo ne de ullo tenemento quod 
in dominico suo teneant, ponantur in placitum nisi coram me. 
Testibus, Radulfo filio Stephani camerario et Hugone Murdach, 
apud Notingeham. 

The great seal (of green wax) in good condition is still attached. 

1463. Confirmation by Henry II to Paulin de Leeds, his clerk, of 
land in Leeds in the street where he dwells, given by the 
abbot and convent of Marmoutier, to hold for \ mark yearly 
of the church of Holy Trinity, York ; and licence to bequeath 
this tenement and Cakebite-holm with land across the river, 
granted to him by the same abbot and convent, at his decease 
to one of his brethren or nephews, to hold of Holy Trinity, 
York, for a bezant or 2s. yearly. 1181-1189. 

Brit. Mus. chs., L.F.Camp., xxix, i. 

H[enricus] Dei gratia rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum et 
Aquitanorum et comes Andegavorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus baillivis et fidelibus suis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et presenti carta mea confirmasse Paulino de Liedes, clerico meo, 
rationabilem donationem quam abbas et conventus Majoris Mona- 

1 Thomas Wilson gave the original in 1750 to Dr. Rawlinscn. 



LASCY FEE: KIRKSTALL, LEEDS, MINES 159 

sterii ei fecerunt de terra sua de Liedes, scilicet, vicum in quo 
manet, quam concesserunt ei tenendum de eis pro dimidia marca 
argenti per annum vel conferendum cuicumque ipse voluerit de 
fratribus vel nepotibus suis post decessum suum, tenendum pro 
dimidia marca argenti annuatim de ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis 
Eboracensis in vita sua, sicut in carta predicti abbatis et con- 
ventus continetur. Concede etiam eidem Paulino clerico meo 
et confirmo ut conferat post decessum suum cuicumque voluerit 
de fratribus vel nepotibus suis Cacabiteholm, sicut idem abbas et 
conventus ei concesserunt et carta sua confirmaverunt, et totam 
terram suam ex alia parte fluvii, sicut in carta eorum determinatum 
est, in vita sua tenendum pro uno bisancio vel duobus solidis 
singulis annis reddendis in festo Sancti Martini hiemali ecclesie 
Sancte Trinitatis Eboracensis. Quare volo et firmiter precipio 
quod idem Paulinus, vel cuicumque de fratribus vel nepotibus suis 
hec supradicta contulerit ille, eadem habeat et teneat bene et in 
pace et libere et integre et honorifice per predicta servitia, sicut 
prefatus abbas et conventus ei dederunt et concesserunt et sicut 
carte eorum testantur. T[estibus], H[enrico] Baiocensi, Jfohanne] 
Ebroicensi episcopis ; Rannulfo de Glanv[illa], Willelmo filio Ra- 
dulfi senesc[allo] Norm[annie], Sehero de Quinci, Hugone de 
Cressi, apud Novum Burgum. 

1464. Notification by David, king of Scots, to the ministers of his 
mines of Carlisle of his gift to the canons of St. Oswald of 3 
marks yearly from the said mines until some other assignment 
should be made elsewhere. 11361152. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. no (old p. 261). 

David rex Scottorum justitie sue et ministris de mineria sua- 
de Carleolo salutem. Sciatis me concessisse ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus tres marcas argenti 
unoquoque anno de mineria mea de Carleolo ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis, pro anima mea et anima filii mei et animabus ante- 
cessorum meorum, quousque alibi illis inde escambium reddam. 
Testibus A[delwaldo] episcopo de Carleolo, etc. 

A grant in similar terms was also made by H(enry), son of the king of 
Scots, who died in 1152. As Carlisle and Doncaster were given to Henry 
by Stephen at the treaty of Durham in 1136, and as Henry did homage to 
Stephen at York for them, 1 it seems probable that David's son was the 
actual almsgiver to Nostell. 

1465. Notification by Thomas II, archbishop of York, of an agree- 
ment whereby the monks of La Charite quit-claimed to the 
canons of St. Oswald their church of St. Oswald and a 
cemetery for their use and the use of their Serjeants dwelling 
in Nostell, and the canons quit-claimed to the monks and 

1 Sym. of Durham, ii, 287. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

their church of Featherston all ecclesiastical customs which 
they had received from West Hardwick. 1108-1114. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. loid (old p. 244) ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, f. 41. Pd. in Chartul. of Pont efr act, ii, p. Ix. 

Thomas l Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus toti clero et 
populo Eboracensis ecclesie Sancti Petri, immo omnibus univer- 
salis ecclesie filiis salutem et benedictionem. Notificamus vobis 
quandam conventionem factam in presentia nostra inter ecclesiam 
de Federstan et ecclesiam Sancti Oswaldi ; Monachi namque de 
Caritate et sacerdos de Federstan, qui calumpniabantur earn 
adjacere parochie de Federstana, 2 clamaverunt earn solutam et 
quietam ab omni consuetudine et servitio, ita quod canonici regu- 
lariter Deo ibidem serviant et habeant cimiterium ad opus suum 
et servientium suorum omniumque juxta eos habitantium in terra 
que dicitur Nostlec ; et in hac conventione clamaverunt clerici 
Sancti Oswaldi quietas omnes ecclesiasticas consuetudines quas 
habebant de 3 Hardewic ecclesie de Federstan ; me Thoma 4 archi- 
episcopo ij et Rodberto de Laceio et Anfrido et Bernewino pres- 
bitero et Radulfo clerico presentibus et confirmantibus. Et hoc 
factum est prima feria in dedicatione ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi. 
Teste, etc. 

This agreement was confirmed by Henry I during the period 1120-1122. 
See n. 1430. 

The hamlet of Nostell is now joined with West Hardwick to form a 
township. It is in the parish of Wragby, which also includes the town- 
ships of Hessle, Hill Top, Huntwick and Nostell-cum-Foulby, in the 
wapentake of Osgoldcross, and the townships of Ryhill and Winterseth 
in the wapentake of Staincross. This charter points to Featherston having 
formerly been the mother church of Nostell, as it then was of West Hard- 
wick. The second church of the manor of Featherston at the time of the 
Survey was evidently Wragby, to which parish Nostell and West Hard- 
wick now belong. 

Amfrey, named above, was the first-known feoffee of the manor of 
Featherston. Bernewin may have been the priest of Featherston. Ralph 
the clerk may have had an interest in the church of Featherston, or possibly 
he was Ralph le Gramaire. The date clearly lies before the banishment of 
Robert de Lascy, circa 1114. 

1466. Notification of Thurstan, archbishop of York, of his gift to 
the canons of Nostell of a prebend in the church of St. Peter, 
York, to consist of the churches of Bramham, Wharram(-le- 
Street) and Lythe ; also of his gift of the church of the castle 
of Tickhill and of his confirmation of the king's gift of the 
church of Knaresborough, of the gift of Herbert Fitz-Herbert 
and William, the treasurer of York, of the church of Weaver- 

1 "Turstinus" in the Chartul., wrongly extended from an initial T. In the 
testing clause the archbishop's name is " Thomas." See n. 1430. 

" et canonici " has been interlined here at a later date, but in error. 

" Est" interlined later before " Hardewic." 
4 So in the chartul. 



LASCY FEE: FEATHERSTON, YORK PREBEND l6l 

thorpe, and of Gerbode, son of Aldelin, of that of Warmfield, 
both being of the fee of St. Peter ; of Hugh de Laval, of those 
of Featherston, Rothwell, Ackworth, Huddersfield and Batley; 
of Swane, son of Ailric, of those of Felkirk and Adwick(-on- 
Dearne), and of a mediety of that of Mexborough ; of William, 
earl of Warenne, and Ralph de L'Isle of that of Woodkirk ; 
of Picot de Percy of that of Bolton (Percy) ; of William de 
Arches of the chapel of All Saints (of Scokirk). c.i 130-1 140. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 73 (old p. 165); Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, f. 66d. 

Turstinus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
successoribus suis salutem. Notum sit vobis dedisse me ecclesie 
Sancti Oswaldi de Nosteleia et canonicis ejusdem loci prebendam 
unam in nostra metropoli ecclesia Sancti Petri Eboracensis, con- 
silio et assensu totius ejusdem ecclesie capituli. Constat autem 
prebenda ilia de ecclesia de Brameham et de ecclesia de Warrum et 
de ecclesia de Lith. Preterea dedi eis ecclesiam de castello de 
Tykehill. Confirmo etiam ex autoritate nostri ministerii dona 
que fecerunt predicte ecclesie et rex et ceteri fideles nostre paro- 
chie : De dono regis ecclesiam de Cnaresburch ; de Herberto filio 
Herberti et Willelmo thesaurario Eboracensi ecclesiam de Wive- 
retorpe, et de Gerbodo filio Adelini ecclesiam de Warnefeld, que 
ambe de feudo Sancti Petri sunt ; de Hugone de Laval ecclesiam de 
Fethestain et ecclesiam de Rouella et ecclesiam de Lachewrda, 
et ecclesiam de Hudresfeld et ecclesiam de Bateleia ; de Suano 
filio Ailrici ecclesiam de Felechirca et ecclesiam de Addewic et 
dimidium ecclesie de Mekesburch ; de Willelmo comite Warennie 
et de Radulfo de Insula ecclesiam de Wodechirke ; de Picoto 
de Perceio ecclesiam de Boltona ; de Willelmo de Archis capellam 
Omnium Sanctorum. Si quis autem hanc nostram confirmationem 
violare presumpserit nisi digne resipiscat perpetuo anathemati 
subjaceat. Cunctis vero istam servantibus sit pax et peccatorum 
remissio et eterna cum sanctis remuneratio. Amen. 

1467. Notification of Thurstan, archbishop of York, of his confirma- 
tion to the canons of Nostell of a prebend in St. Peter's 
(as above) and confirmation of various gifts of churches. 
c. 1130-1140. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 73 (old p. 165). 

Turstinus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
successoribus suis et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. 
Notum sit universitati vestre nos caritatis intuitu dedisse et hac 
presenti carta nostra confirmasse ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de 
Nostleia et dilectis filiis nostris canonicis regularibus ibidem Deo 
servientibus prebendam unam in nostra metropoli ecclesia Sancti 
Petri Eboracensis, cum omnibus libertatibus et pertinentiis suis, 
consilio et assensu totius ejusdem ecclesie capituli, in liberam, 

III L 



1 62 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

puram et perpetuam elemosinam, ad eorumdem canonicorum 
sustentationem. Constat autem prebenda ilia de ecclesia de 
Brameham et de ecclesia de Warrum et de ecclesia de Lith, cum 
capellis, terris, decimis, libertatibus et ceteris omnibus ad easdem 
ecclesias spectantibus. Preterea sciatis nos, causa Dei et auctori- 
tate ministerii nostri, concessisse et nostre presentis carte attesta- 
tione confirmasse predicte ecclesie Beati Oswaldi de Most!' et 
ejusdem loci canonicis, ad eorum sustentationem et causa hospi- 
talitatis fovende, in liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
dona que fecerunt eis rex et ceteri fideles parochie nostre : videlicet, 
de dono regis, ecclesiam de Cnaresburc et ecclesiam de Tikehill' 
cum capella sua de Staintona; de Willelmo thesaurario Eboracensi 
et Herberto filio Herberti, ecclesiam de Wivertorp' ; et de Gerbodo 
filio Aldelini, ecclesiam de Warnefeld, que ambe de feodo Beati 
Petri sunt ; de Hugone de Laval, ecclesiam de Suthkirkebi et 
ecclesiam de Rowella et ecclesiam de Hackewrtha et ecclesiam 
de Huderesfeld' et ecclesiam de Bateleia et ecclesiam de Fether- 
stan ; de Swano filio Ailrici, ecclesiam de Felekirca et ecclesiam 
de Addewic et dimidiam ecclesiam de Mekesburc ; de Willelmo 
comite Warennie et de Radulfo de Insula, ecclesiam de Wodekirca ; 
de Picoto de Perceio, ecclesiam de Booltona ; de Willelmo de 
Archis, capellam Omnium Sanctorum de Scohkirka ; cum omnibus 
predictarum ecclesiarum capellis, terris, decimis, libertatibus, et 
ceteris earum pertinentiis. Siquis autem hanc nostram donationem 
et confirmationem violare presumpserit, nisi digne resipiscat, 
perpetuo anathemati subjaceat ; cunctis vero ista se[r]vantibus 
sit pax et peccatorum remissio et eterna cum sanctis remuneratio. 
Amen. 

1468. Confirmation by Thurstan, archbishop of York, at the request 
of Walter, prior, and the monks of Pontefract of the town 
of Dodworth, between Silkstone and Barnsley. 1135-1137. 
Authenticity dubious. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. n. Pd. in ChartuL of 
Pontefract, n. 38. 

T[urstinus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris salutem et pontificalem 
benedictionem. Justis postulationibus celerem debemus prebere 
assensum. Inde est quod ad piam petitionem dilectorum filiorum 
nostrorum Waited prioris et monachorum de Pontefracto quandam 
willam, scilicet Doddewrdam, que sita est inter Silkestonam et 
Barnesleyam, quam ex consilio nostro pro amore Dei et pro salute 
anime domini sui et nostri Henrici serenissimi regis Robertus de 
Lascy advocatus eorum eis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
contulit, secundum divisas in carta sua certificatas, et nos con- 
cedimus et auctoritate Dei et Beati Petri qua fungimur attestamur 
et confirmamus. Adicientes ut siquis, quod absit, contra nostram 



LASCY FEE: DODWORTH, DARRINGTON 163 

confirmationem venire temerario ausu presumpserit nisi condigne 
resipuerit perpetue anathemati subjaceat. Amen. 

1469. Confirmation by Thurstan, archbishop of York, at the request 
of Ilbert de Lascy, of all the churches and lands which have 
been given to the monks of Pontefract. 1136-1140. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. II. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 41. 

T[urstinus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem et pontificalem benedictionem. 
Justis postulationibus celerem debemus prebere assensum. Inde 
est quod ad petitionem dilecti filii nostri Ilberti l de Lascy omnes 
terras et possessiones tam in ecclesiis quam in ceteris rebus 
quas priori et monachis de Pontefracto in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam contulerat auctoritatis nostre munimine vallamus, 
scilicet situm monasterii eorum in Pontefracto et terram de 
Brachanhil et ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum in eadem villa cum 
capella de Knottingley et ecclesiam de Kippeis cum pertinentiis 
suis et ecclesiam de Dardingtona cum capella de Stapiltona, 
ecclesiam de Sleiteburna cum pertinentiis suis et custodiam 
plenariam hospitalis Sancti Nicholay intus et foris ad disposi- 
tionem eorum in usus pauperum et Ledestonam et ecclesiam de 
Ledeshama cum medietate ipsius ville et Doddewrdam et 
Withewdam et Maram, ita ut quicunque prefatis monachis super 
hanc confirmationem nostram aliquam injuriam fecerit sciat se 
maledictionem Dei et nostram incurrisse. Hiis testibus, Willelmo 
de Sancta Barba, Waltero de Lund[oniis], Hugone de Sotewame, 
Radulpho de Sancta Columba. 

1470. Notification of Thurstan, archbishop of York, of the agree- 
ment made between Reginald, prior, and the monks of 
Pontefract, and Robert the chaplain, namely, that after the 
death of G., father of the said Robert, they demised to 
Robert for 3 years for 21^. yearly the church of Darrington, 
retaining in their own hands the lands of the chapel of 
Stapleton and of the mother church of Darrington, and the 
tithes of thraves of the whole parish, except 2 garbs of the 
demesne tithe of each town granted by reason of their poverty. 
1137-1140. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. n. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 40. 

T[urstinus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 2 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris salutem in 
Domino. Universitati vestre notum fieri volumus pactum quod 

1 "Roberti"; MS. 

2 " harum litterarum inspectoribus salutem et pontificalem benedictionem " ; ib., 
n. 59. 



T 64 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

factum est inter Reginaldum l priorem et monachos de Pontefracto 
et Robertum capellanum super ecclesia de Dardingtona, de- 
functo siquidem G[eraldo] patre ejusdem R[oberti], predict! prior 2 
et monachi predicto R[oberto] predictam ecclesiam dimiserunt 
usque ad tres annos pro xx et uno solidis per annum, medietate 
una in Pentecoste et altera ad festum Sancti Martini, 3 retentis in 
manu sua terris capelle de Stapiltona et de Dardingtona 4 matrici 
ecclesie pertinentibus et decimis garbarum totius parochie, exceptis 
tantum duabus garbis de decimatione dominiorum utriusque ville, 5 
nobis ob illorum paupertatem 6 ad sustentationem suam et hospi- 
tum id concedentibus et perpetuo confirmantibus. 7 R[obertus] 
vero interim tenetur nobis respondere de episcopalibus nomine 
monachorum. Si igitur 8 ipse R[obertus] infra predictum 
terminum taliter erga prefatos monachos se habuerit ut acceptus 
sit illis, ipsam ecclesiam postea eodem pacto habebit. Sin autem 
ecclesiam suam ubicumque illis placuerit collocabunt, 9 et pro 
terra de Stapiltona tenentur monachi et matrix ecclesia de 
Dardingtona invenire residentem capellanum in predicta capella 
quam in honore Domini Salvatoris et Sancti Johannis Baptiste 
dedicavimus. Hiis testibus, Waltero abbate de Seleby, G[aufrido] 
archidiacono, Radulfo de Sancta Columba, 10 magistro Waltero 
medico, Hugone filio Gileberti, Willelmo filio ejus, Gyraldo de 
Dardingtona. 

1471. Award by Henry, archbishop of York, at the instance of 
Alexander, abbot, and the monks of Kirkstall touching their 
mother church of Barnoldswick and the chapels of Brace- 
well and Marton, namely that Bracewell and Marton shall be 
mother churches each with its parish, the future parsons of 
Bracewell having tithing and parochial rights from Bracewell 
and Stock, and those of Marton having the same from East 
and West Marton ; the mother church of Barnoldswick to 
be appropriated to the use of the abbot and monks. 1147- 
1150. 

Zouche Chapel MS. (Dean and Chap, of York), P i (2) i. 
Henricus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus universis 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam futuris imper- 
petuum salutem et Dei benedictionem. Salubre desiderium quod 
ad religionis propositum et animarum salutem pertinere dinoscitur 
Deo auxiliante stabilire volentes, justis postulationibus dilecti 

' viros venerabiles Rogerum " ; it. 2 " R. prior " ; ib. 

' Medietate . . . Martini " omitted ; ib. 
' capelle . . . Dardingtona " omitted ; ib. 
' exceptis . . . ville " omitted ; ib. 
' reverentiam " for " paupertatem " ; it. 
' et perpetuo confirmantihus " omitted ; it. 

' ergo " ; ib. n. 59 ends here. 

First 3 witnesses only in n. 59. 



LASCY FEE: BRACEWELL, MARTON 165 

filii nostri Alexandri abbatis de Kirkestal' et monachorum qui in 
eodem loco Deo et Sancte Marie deserviunt et nobis sepius ac 
devote supplicarunt ut de sua matrice ecclesia de Bernolfwik' et 
de duabus capellis suis, videlicet de Braycewell' et Marlon', 
ordinationem et voluntatem nostram faceremus pro temporibus 
futuris modo inferius annotate benigne annuimus : videlicet, 
statuentes quod due predicte capelle, scilicet de Braycewell et 
Marton', sint decetero matrices ecclesie, quelibet cum sua parochia 
ita plane quod persone que perpetuis temporibus ad ecclesiam de 
Braycewell' per abbatem et monachos de Kirkestall' legittime 
fuerint presentate habeant omnem decimationem et quodlibet jus 
parochiale de Braycewell' et Stock' tantum, nichil juris usurpando 
seu calumpniando infra metas seu divisas de Bernolfwyk' imper- 
petuum ; similiter et persone que perpetuis temporibus ad ecclesiam 
de Marton' per abbatem et monachi de Kirkestall' legittime fuerint 
presentate habeant omnem decimationem et quodlibet jus paro- 
chiale de utraque Marton' tantum, nichil juris usurpando seu 
calumpniando infra metas seu divisas de Bernolfwik' imper- 
petuum : salvis autem dictis abbati et monachis ac eorum succes- 
soribus imperpetuum omnibus aliis jur[ibus] et omnimodis 
exactionibus aliis que et quas ad predictas ecclesias de Braycewell' 
et Marton', quondam capellas predicte matricis ecclesie de 
Bernolfwik', qualitercumque habent seu imposterum se habere 
legitime monstrare poterunt si inde questionem movere voluerint. 
Preterea ex officio cure pastoralis nobis injuncto paci et tranquil- 
litati dictorum abbatis et monachorum providere cupientes, causa 
Dei et intuitu caritatis dedimus, concessimus et presenti carta 
confirmavimus memoratis abbati et monachis et eorum succes- 
soribus imperpetuum precfictam matricem ecclesiam de Bernolfwik' 1 
et totam parochiam . . . et divisas de Bernolfwik' cum omnibus 
. . . tarn spiritualibus quam temporalibus que ad legittimam per- 
sonam matricis ecclesie qualitercumque pertinere dinoscuntur ; 
tenend[am] et habend[am] in proprios usus ad sustentationem 
monachorum in domo de Kyrkestall' Deo servientium, in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam, solutam, liberam et quietam ab omnibus 
consuetudinibus, exactionibus, oneribus ordinariis et extra- 
ordinariis, et ab omnimoda calumpnia per qualescumque personas 
superiores seu inferiores qualitercumque proposita seu pro- 
ponenda, provisa seu providenda, totaliter deliberatam. Et licitum 
sit dictis abbati et monachis ac eorum successoribus imperpetuum 
ad prefatam ecclesiam de Bernolfwik' monachum regularem seu 
sacerdotem secularem quando voluerint vicissim constituere et 
inde ammovere ad serviend[um] . . . prefate ecclesie de Bernolwik' 
et ad conferend[um] et faciend[um] parochianis ejusdem ecclesie 
presentibus et futuris omnia jura et debita ecclesiastica que veri 
parochiani a sua matrice ecclesia tarn in cura animarum quam in 

1 The next line is creased and defective. 



1 66 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

aliis rebus quibuscumque aliquo modo debent percipere sine 
aliqua inquisitione, citatione, vocatione, visitatione, correptione, 
seu aliqua calumpnia infra predictas metas de Bernolfwik' vel de 
persona inibi constituta seu constituenda per aliquas personas 
superiores vel inferiores de aliquibus rebus, ordinariis vel extra- 
ordinariis, provisis seu providendis, aliquo modo imperpetuum 
facienda ; set si aliquis parochianus secularis infra predictas metas 
de Bernolfwik' notorie fuerit de incontinentia diffamatus, capellanus 
parochialis de Braicewell' qui pro tempore fuerit per monachum 
seu sacerdotem secularem qui apud Bernolfwik' fuerit super hoc 
ammonitus seu requisitus hujusmodi diflfamationis inquisitionem 
et emendationem per censuram ecclesiasticam extra metas et 
divisas de Bernolfwik' executionem demandabit. Et si contra 
premissa vel aliquid premissorum per negligentiam seu permis- 
sionem vel malam consuetudinem seu violentiam alicujus ecclesi- 
astice vel secularis persone factum fuerit seu attemptatum, 
hujusmodi negligentia, permissio, consuetude et violentia dictis 
abbati et monachis vel eorum successoribus in nullum cederit 
prejudicium. Hujus rei testes sunt: magister Robertus Bute- 
vilein archidiaconus, capitulum Sancti Wilfridi de Ripon', magister 
Everard, Rogerus elemosinarius, Willelmus filius Gamelli, Hugo 
Murdac, Jordanus, Stephanus, Henricus, Willelmus, Nicholaus 
de Traili, Bernardus filius Gamelli, Uctred frater ejus, Albinus, 
Bernardus ostiarius. 

1472. Grant by William, dean, and the chapter of York, to the 
chapter of St. John of Pontefract of their land of Ledsham, 
namely a moiety of the town and 67 acres of land ; saving the 
claim of St. Peter's to the church of the town, and that of 
the monks to those 67 acres ; to hold by rendering yearly 
10 marks, even if the town should be wasted for any cause. 
1148-1149. 

Reg. Mag. Album, pt. iii, f. 24. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 42. 
Notum sit omnibus audientibus vel videntibus litteras has 
tarn presentibus quam futuris quod Willelmus decanus et capi- 
tulum Eboracensis ecclesie Sancti Petri concesserunt capitulo 
Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto totam terrain suam de Ledesham, 
scilicet ipsius ville dimidietatem et preter earn Ix et vii acras 
terre, perpetuo et finaliter ab eis tenendam ita liberam et quietam 
ab omni consuetudine et in hominibus et in aqua et in bosco et 
in piano sicut Eboracensis ecclesia earn habet, salva tamen et 
calumpnia Eboracensis ecclesie quam habet adversus monachos 
de ejusdem ville ecclesia et calumpnia monachorum quam habent 
adversus Eboracensem ecclesiam de predictis Ix et vii acris, si 
quando prefatam conventionem dirimi contigerit. Reddent autem 
monachi Pontisfracti ecclesie singulis annis capitulo Eboracensis 
ecclesie pro predicta terra x marcas, quinque in die Sancti 



LASCY FEE: LEDSHAM, NOSTELL 167 

Wilfridi post Pascha et quinque in die Nativitatis Sancte Marie. 
Et si forte occasione aliqua villa ipsa depopulata fuerit, vel 
sterilitate vel alia l devastatione, non tamen ideo Eboracensi 
ecclesie redditus suus minorabitur. Testes hujus conventionis 
sunt hii : Radulfus Horcadensis episcopus, Neel 2 abbas Alba- 
marlie et ii ejus monachi, Rannulfus Dunelmensis archi- 
diaconus, Rogerus prior Dunelmensis, Augustin[us] prior de 
Hod. 3 

Ledsham with Fairburn and Ledston were surveyed among the lands 
of Ilbert de Lascy. His son Robert gave to La Charite Ledston and the 
moiety of Ledsham with the entire church of that town. The church of 
St. Peter was in possession of the other moiety of the town of Ledsham in 
or about 1030 (n. 7). In 1 194 pope Celestine confirmed to St. Peter's, York, 
the land of Ledsham. 4 The monks of Pontefract had a pension of six marks 
from the church. 5 

1473. Mandate of Adehvald, bishop of Carlisle (and prior of Nostell), 
to the brethren of St. Oswald's, dwelling in cells distant from 
the priory, to give obedience to their brother Savard, who 
had by the chapter been elected prior, which office the bishop 
has resigned on anticipation of death. 1153-1154. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. j6d (old p. 172) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. 67^. 

A[delwaldus] Dei gratia Carlolensis episcopus omnibus fratri- 
bus Sancti Oswaldi qui extra domum in cellulis habitant salutem 
et Sancti Spiritus consolationem. Notum sit caritati vestre me 
de cura ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi, pro timore mortis et periculo 
anime mee, dimisisse, illamque curam cum professionibus canoni- 
corum cuidem fratri nostro Seuardo, consilio et assensu totius 
capituli in prioratum 6 electo, commendasse. Eapropter vobis qui 
longe fuistis et in tanto articulo temporis adesse non potuistis, 
obedientiam quam usque hue persone mee exhibuistis mando et 
mandando precipio amodo illi exhibeatis. Valete. 

"Adelulf" was prior of St. Oswald's in 1128.' A document relating to 
the foundation of Scone (possibly spurious) mentions Adelwald as prior of 
St. Oswald's circa 1120, and as having responded to an invitation of king 
Alexander to send him some of his canons to be established at Scone.* 
According to the chronicle of St. Oswald's priory, cited by Burton, Ralph 
Adlave died on the 4th id. of May, 1128.' This circumstance, if true, is 
not conclusive evidence against the charter of foundation of Scone, because 
it is probable that Ralph was never prior of Nostell, but master or rector 
of the cell of Hirst, in Axholme. There was a cell at Scokirk, now Skew- 

i " aliqua " ; Chartul. 2 " Nohel " ; ib. 

* Qy. Newburgh. * Mentor, of the Church of York, iii, 95. 

5 Chartiil. of Pontefr., n. 51. * Altered by a much later hand to " priorem." 

7 Lawrie, Early Scot fish chs., n. 82. 8 ib., n. 36. 

' Burton, Man. Ebor., 301 ; citing a MS. in folio, on vellum, given by a clergy- 
man to Sir Rowland Wynne, bart., of Nostell, entitled " De Gestis et Actibus 
Priorum Sancti Oswaldi de Nostel." 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

kirk, and perhaps another at St. Giles in Canonthorpe on Rother. There 
may have been others at this time, but they are not known. 

Savard is said to have been elected prior in M53- 1 Bishop Adelwald 
died in 1155, according to the Chronica Normannice (p. 992); or in 1156, 
according to the Annals of Waverley. 

1474. Letter of Adelwald, bishop of Carlisle, to Robert I, dean of 

St. Peter's, York, announcing his resignation as prior of St. 
Oswald's on account of ill health, and the election of brother 
Savard in his stead, whom he desires the dean to receive. 

"53-"54- 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. ?6d (old p. 172); Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, f. 68. 

Adelo[l]dus Dei gratia Carlolensis episcopus R[oberto] decano 
totique capitulo Sancti Petri Eboracensis salutem. Videns de- 
bilitatem corporis mei et periculum anime mee timui diutius 
preesse et non prodesse. Curam ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi quam 
regendam accepi et professiones canonicorum cuidam fratri nostro 
Seuardo dimisi; qui communi consilio totius ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi et consensu omnium fratrum, Spiritus Sancti gratia 
cooperante, in prioratum canonice electus est. Eapropter miseri- 
cordiam vestram deprecor quatinus ilium benigne suscipiatis et 
ecclesiam Sancti Oswaldi et omnia que eidem ecclesie pertinent 
pro amore Dei misericorditer manuteneatis. Valete. 

1475. Confirmation by Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury and 
papal legate, to the monks of Pontefract of the gifts made by 
Robert de Lascy, William Foliot, Ailsi de Silkeston, Swane 
son of Ailric, Hugh de Laval, William Maltravers and 
Dametta his wife, Henry de Lascy, Ralph de Chevercurt, and 
Beatrice his sister, Pain de Lalaund and Hugh de Stiveton, 
the chapter of St. Peter's, York, Pain son of Buchard, 
William, earl of Warenne, Hervey de Campeaux, Ascelin de 
Dai, William de Friston and Robert his father, Ailsi Bacun, 
Simon de Mohaut, Ralph de Catwick and Simon his son, Adam 
son of Swane, Gilbert de Gant, Roger de Mowbray and 
Alice his wife, and Alice de Rumelli ; and also of Adam, son 
of Swane, namely of the monastery of Lund with Bretton. 
"53-"54- 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 13^. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 57. 

Thebbaldus Dei gratia Cantuariensis archiepiscopus, Anglorum 
primas, apostolice sedis legatus, omnibus sancte ecclesie fidelibus 
salutem. Res ecclesiarum sicut sanctorum patrum testatur 
auctoritas sunt patrimonia pauperum et pretia precatorum, et 
quemadmodum sacrosancta ecclesia nostre salutis ac fidei 
perpetua mater est ita nichilominus ejus patrimonium illesum 

1 Burton, Man. Ebor., 301. 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL, PONTEFRACT 169 

debet perpetuo conservari et nulla desidia nulla pravorum homi- 
num perversitate convelli ; que enim sine macula et ruga utpote 
sponsa Christi virtutum circumdata fulgore clarescit, dignum est 
ut nullum rerum suarum detrimentum vel prejudicium patiatur, 
sed potius grata in omnibus tranquillitate ac libertate letetur. 
Noverit ergo universitas vestra quod nos justis postulationibus 
religiosorum monachorum de Caritate, qui in monasterio Beati 
Johannis Ewangeliste de Pontefracto Deo assidue et devote de- 
serviunt, attentius annuentes, omnes possessiones et bona que in- 
presentiarum juste et canonice possident et siqua justis modis 
in futurum adipisci poterint, eis in elemosinam perpetuam juxta 
tenorem cartarum suarum concedimus et presentis scripti 
munimine confirmamus. Ad majorem ergo evidentiam ilia 
duximus certis exprimenda vocabulis : Ex dono Roberti de 
Laceio tern pore Willelmi secundi regis situm ecclesie ipsorum 
monachorum in Pontefracto et ibidem vij acras cum mansuris 
suis et in Brakenhil xiii acras et ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum in 
eadem villa et quicquid ad earn pertinet, et ecclesiam de Ledesham 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et dimidium ejusdem ville de 
Ledesham ; et Ledestonam et Witewde et Doddewrdam et 
aquam a molendinis Castelforde usque ad Thornestrem ; et 
custodiam hospitalis Sancti Nicholai de Pontefracto; Ex dono 
Willelmi Folioth unam carrucatam terre in Pontefracto ; Ex dono 
Ailsy in Silkestona vi bovatas terre ; Ex dono Suani filii Ailrici 
ecclesiam de Silkestona cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus, et 
ecclesiam de Calthorn cum duabus partibus decimarum totius 
dominii sui ; Ex dono Hugonis de Laval decimam redditus ville 
de Pontefracto et ecclesiam de Dardingtona et ecclesiam de 
Kippeis cum omnibus ad eas pertinentibus, et in Boolanda ecclesiam 
de Sleiteburna cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus, et in Cestresira 
ecclesiam de Walleya et quicquid ad earn pertinet et capellam 
castelli de Clitherou cum decimis omnium rerum dominii sui, 
et ibidem ecclesiam Beate Marie Magdalene, et ecclesiam de Calna 
et ecclesiam de Brunley et quecumque ad illas pertinent ; et 
ecclesia Beati dementis de Pontefracto alii ecclesie non dabitur 
nisi ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto ; Ex dono Willelmi 
Maltraver[si] et uxoris sue Damete unam bovatam terre in Torph ; 
Ex dono Henrici de Laceyo villam de Kellingl[ey] cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, et piscatoriam unam in Begala, et decimam sue 
carnis de venatione sua et coriorum ; Item ex dono ipsius et 
Radulfi de Capricuria villam de Bernesleya cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis preter unum sartum et molendinum quod dedit illis 
soror ipsius Radulfi Betrix; Ex dono Pagani de Landa et 
Hugonis de Stiventuna totam terram de Pecchesfeld finaliter 
pro iiij ' solidis per annum ; Ex capitulo Beati Petri Eboracensis 
ecclesie dimidium de Ledeshama in perpetuum pro x marcis per 
singulos annos solvendis ; Ex dono Pagani filii Bucardi xxx acras 



170 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

in Pontefracto ; In Sithintuna xii bovatas terre, sex ex dono 
Hugonis de Laval et sex ex dono Willelmi comitis de Warenna; 
Ex dono Hervei 1 de Campels duas mansuras in Pontefracto cum 
toftis earum ; Ex dono Ascelini de Dai unam mansuram cum 
tofto in Pontefracto ; Ex dono W[illelmi] de Fristona duas bovatas 
terre in Fristona et iij acras juxta molendinum, et ex dono Roberti 
patris sui ipsum molendinum ; Ex dono Ailsi Bacun unam bovatam 
terre in Ravenesfeld; Ex dono Symonis de Muhalt ii bovatas 
terre in Co'sehist ; 2 Ex dono Radulfi de Cathewic dimidietatem 
ecclesie ejusdem ville, et ex dono Symonis filii ejus unam bovatam 
terre in eadem villa ; Ex dono Adam filii Suani duas bovatas terre 
in Calthorna ; Ex dono Gilleberti de Gaunt passagium de Suth- 
feribi et iij bovatas terre et dimidiam cum xiiii mansuris in eadem 
villa ; Ex dono Rogeri de Molbrai et uxoris sue Aliz unam car- 
ruc[at]am terre in Ingolvesmeles et quicquid ad illam pertinet ; 
Ex dono Aliz de Romeli unam carrucatam terre in Broctona cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis ; Ex dono Adam filii Swani situm mona- 
sterii Beate Marie Magdalene de Lunda cum Brettona et Neuhala 
et Reinesberga et Lintueit et quicquid in Bramtona et quicquid 
habetur inter Hairam et Stainclif usque Meresbroch, et molendina 
de Dirna et Lundam patris sui, in Cumberlanda capellam Beati 
Andree apqstoli juxta Culgaid cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. 
Nulli ergo hominum fas sit prescriptos fratres super possessionibus 
suis tarn juste adeptis vel rationabiliter adipiscendis temere per- 
turbare aut aliquam eis exinde molestiam vel diminutionem vel 
contrarietatem inferre. Siquis autem huic nostre confirmationi 
ausu temerario contraire presumpserit, nisi presumptionem suam 
congrua satisfactione correxerit, indignationem omnipotentis Dei 
et Beati Johannis Evangeliste incurrat et excommunicationi 
subjaceat. Conservantes autem hec eorumdem benedictionem et 
gratiam consequentur. Amen. Valete. 

Archbishop Theobald obtained the office of papal legate from Eugenius 
III in ii5o. 3 On the death of Henry Murdac on 14 October, 1153, the 
opponents of William Fitz-Herbert appealed to Theobald, as legate, 
against the re-election of William to the see of York. 4 It is probable that 
this confirmation was issued between October, 1153, and William's return 
to Winchester on 4 April, 1 1 54, after his investment by pope Gregory with 
the pallium. 6 If not then executed, the next probable date will lie between 
the tragic death of archbishop William on 8 June, 1154, and the 
consecration of his successor, Roger de Pont L'Eveque, by Theobald at 
Westminster, on 10 October following. 

1476. Confirmation by William, archbishop of York, at the request of 
Adam, prior, and the monks of Pontefract, of the site of the 

1 " Henr." ; MS. 2 Rectitis " Casewic," i.e. East Keswick. 

* Stubbs, Hist. ofEngl. (ed. 1880), iii, 321. 

4 W. of Newburgh , i, 80. 5 id. , 79. 



LASCY FEE: ENDOWMENT OK PONTEFRACT 1 7! 

monastery and all the churches and other possessions which 
they had within his see. 1153-1154. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. ii^f. Pd. in Chartul, of 
Pontefract, n. 44. 

Willelmus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte ecclesie filiis in Christo salutem. Piis petitionibus fili- 
orum nostrorum A[dam] prioris et monachorum Cluniacensium 
in Pontefracto, virorum bone opinionis, ex debito officii nostri nobis 
incumbit annuere et eorum jura fovere. Inde est quod eorundem 
sustentationi providere pro intuitu volentes presentis scripti muni- 
mine eis monasterium Sancti Johannis Ewangeliste in quo Deo 
serviunt confirmamus et ecclesias omnes quas in nostro archi- 
episcopatu possident, scilicet ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum in 
Pontefracto et ecclesiam de Ledeshama, ecclesiam de Dardingtona, 
ecclesiam de Sleiteburna, ecclesiam de Silkestona cum omnibus 
pertinentiis earum in perpetuum et inviolabiliter possidendas dilecti 
filii nostri Henrici de Laceio precibus nos ad hoc invitantibus, 
qui prenominatas ecclesias eisdem monachis ab antecessoribus suis 
donatas in nostra presentia devoto et hilari animo ipsis concessit. 
In ecclesiis vero predictis cum vacaverint liceat eisdem monachis 
redditum earumdem ecclesiarum rationabiliter augere pro sua et 
hospitum sustentatione et clericos libere ad instituendum pre- 
sentare, salvis episcopalibus et sinodalibus. Preterea rogatu 
canonicorum nostrorum capituli Eboracensis predictis monachis 
confirmamus medietatem de Ledeshama perpetuo tenendam de 
capitulo Eboracensi per x marcas annuatim solvendas ; et omnes 
donationes quas eis fecerint rationabiliter advocati eorum Robertus, 
Illebertus et Henricus de Lasci, scilicet et villam de Ledestona, 
alteram medietatem de Ledeshama, Witewodam, Dodewrdam, 
Barneslaiam, Kellinglaiam cum pertinentiis suis omnibus, quam 
scilicet Kell[ingleyam] in presentia nostra eis dedit et concessit et 
carta sua confirmavit H[enricus] et heredes sui, ad waranti- 
zandum contra omnes homines vel dandum eis rationabile ex- 
cambium, sicut habetur in ipsa carta ipsius Henrici de Lasci. 
Testibus, R[oberto] decano, T[homa] Sotevagina, R[adulfo] de 
S[ancta] Columba. 

1477. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, to the monks 
of Pontefract of all gifts made to them by Robert de Lascy, 
Ilbert and Henry (his sons), and others ; also release of 
20 days of penance to those visiting the monastery on the 
anniversary of its consecration. 1154-1161. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 12. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 48. 

Rogerus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
fidelibus sancte matris ecclesie salutem et pontificalem bene- 
dictionem. Justis postulationibus celerem prebere debemus 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

assensum. Inde est quod monachis de Pontefracto monasticam 
vitam professis et eorum successoribus contra perversorum 
malitiam providere decrevimus, omnia que ab advocatis suis 
R[oberto] de Lasci et Illeberto et Henrico vel a ceteris fidelibus 
rationabiliter illis data sunt, collata et concessa, auctoritatis nostre 
munimine vallantes, situm videlicet loci eorum in Pontefracto cum 
omnibus appendiciis et ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum in eadem 
villa cum capellis et omnibus ad earn pertinentibus et custodiam 
hospitalis Sancti Nicholai intus et foris ad dispositionem eorum 
in usus pauperum, et Est molendinum in eadem villa, ecclesiam 
de Ledeshama, ecclesiam Dardingtone cum capella de Stapil- 
tona, ecclesiam de Slayteburna, ecclesiam de Silkestona, ecclesiam 
de Brunesl[eia] 1 cum capell[is] et omnibus ad easdem pertinentibus 
et medietatem ecclesie de Cathewic, ut cum vacaverint liberam 
habeant presentationem et considerata rerum qualitate pensiones 
augeant ad suam et hospitum sustentationem, salvis episcopalibus 
et sinodalibus. Insuper villam de Ledestona, et Pecchfeld, et 
medietatem ville de Ledeshama, quam tenent finaliter ex capitulo 
Eboracensi, et aliam medietatem ex dono Roberti de Lasci, 
Witewdam, Maram, Barnesley, Dodewrdam, Kellinglaiam cum 
omnibus earum pertinentiis ; maxime ea que in dedicatione Hen- 
ricus de Lasci eis contulit, scilicet sexaginta solidos per annum 
de redditu suo in Pontefracto quos persolvent monachis receptores 
ipsius Henrici, xxx in festo Sancti Michaelis et xxxin Pascha, et 
passagium de Castelford, ita libere et quiete sicut Illebertus Crater 
ejus et ipse tenuerunt ; vestigiis quoque ipsius inherentes omnibus 
hominibus eorum qui sunt in feudo de Pontefracto libertatem et 
quietantiam de omni theloneo et consuetudine seculari in burgo 
et foro et extra forum. Et [quia] ad cure pastoralis spectat officium 
subditorum animos ad devotionis provocare studia, de meritis et 
potestate Beati Petri apostolorum principis confidentes, universis 
qui ad prefati monasterii Sancti Johannis Ewangeliste annuam 
consecrationis venerint memoriam xx dies de penitentia sibi in- 
juncta relaxamus. Si quis vero, quod absit, contra hanc nostre 
confirmationis paginam venire presumserit, sciat se sententie 
nostre subjectum quam in ipsius monasterii malefactores tarn 
presentes quam futures tarn in bonis que possident quam in eis 
que largitione principum vel oblatione fidelium ofiferentur eis 
monasterium consecrantes promulgavimus. Unde testes sunt, 
predictus Henricus de Lasci cujus benivola petitione monasterium 
predictum consecravimus et prenominata omnia ipso dedicationis 
die presentis scripti munimine roboravimus, Savaricus abbas 
Eboracensis, magister Osbertus Arundel, magister Vacarius, 
Willelmus capellanus, Laurentius clericus archiepiscopi, Main- 
ardus canonicus, Rand[olphus] de Bretuil, Arnaldus presbiter, 

1 Probably Barnsley. 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, DODWORTH, KIPPAX 173 

R[ ] socius ejus, Stephanas presbiter, Adam decanus, 

Willelmus elemosinarius, Willelmus de Reinevilla, Robertus 
Pictavensis qui ipso die predictis monachis dedit unam bovatam 
terre in Altoftes, Jordanus Folioth qui dedit eisdem monachis 
unam mansuram in Pontefracto, Henricus Walensis, Willelmus 
de Mungeia. 

1478. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, of the agreement 
made before Henry de Lascy between Bertram, prior, and the 
monks of Pontefract, and Bernard de Silkeston touching the 
town of Dodworth, namely that Bernard shall hold the town 
for life or until he change his habit, when it shall revert 
to the monks for ever, quit of any claim by Bernard's heirs. 
1158-1164. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. lid. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 45. 

R[ogerus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
fidelibus salutem et pontificalem benedictionem. Quum nostrum 
est virorum religiosorum paci attentius providere et veritati in 
omnibus testimonium perhibere conventionem factam coram 
Hfenrico] de Laceio et multis aliis inter dominum Bertramum 
priorem et monachos de Pontefracto et Bernardum de Silkestona 
de villa de Doddewrde et in presentia nostra utrimque concessam 
et attestatam secundum cyrographum scriptum inter eos, nos 
earn ratam habemus, attestamur et confirmamus, scilicet quod 
predictus Bernardus predictam villam de predictis monachis 
tenebit ad firmam et ad terminum, videlicet quanto tempore 
vixerit. Si vero vitam suam mutare voluerit vel eum mori 
contigerit predicta villa predictis monachis remanebit soluta, 
libera et quieta sine omni retenemento, ita quod nullus heredum 
predicti Bernardi aliquid juris in ea reclamare possit. Hiis 
testibus, Henrico de Laceio, Johanne archidiacono, Henrico 
filio Suani, Willelmo capellano. 

1479. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, to the monks of 

Pontefract of the church of Kippax, given by the father of 
Henry de Lascy, and by the same Henry confirmed to them ; 
and grant that the monks may take from the said church 2 
besants yearly of pension, c. 1158-1 164. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 12. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 47. 

R[ogerus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris salutem. Universitati 
vestre notum facimus nos caritatis intuitu ecclesiam de Kippeis 
cum terris et decimis et omnibus ad earn pertinentibus venera- 
bilibus filiis nostris monachis de Pontefracto in perpetuam 
elemosinam concessisse et confirmasse, dilecti filii nostri Henrici 



174 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

de Lascy precibus nos ad hoc invitantibus, qui prenomi- 
natam ecclesiam a patre suo prefatis monachis antiquitus donatam 
devoto et hilari animo eis in presentia nostra concessit et con- 
firmavit. In eadem vero ecclesia monachi de Pontefracto duos 
bisantios nomine pensionis singulis annis accipient. Hiis testibus, 
Johanne archidiacono, Willelmo cappellano, Radulpho de Bretuil, 
Willelmo de Tillemeri, magistro Mainardo, et multis aliis. 



1480. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, to the canons of 

Nostell of the prebend which archbishop Thurstan gave them, 
consisting of the churches of Lythe, Wharram(-le-Street) and 
Bramham with the mill of that town ; confirmation also of the 
churches of Weaverthorpe and Warmfield belonging to his fee, 
and those of Bolton(-Percy), Rothwell, Batley, Huddersfield, 
Woodkirk with the chapel of (East) Ardsley, Featherston, 
Felkirk, Adwick(-on-Dearne), the mediety of that of Mex- 
borough, Knaresborough, Tickhill with the chapel of Stainton, 
the chapel of All Saints of Scokirk, and the place called 
Canonthorpe on the river Rother. 1164-1181. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 730? (old p. 166). 

Rogerus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus, apostolice 
sedis legatus, universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem. 
Noverit universitas vestra nos concessisse et presentis carte 
testimonio confirmasse, in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, 
ecclesie Beati Oswaldi de Nostla et dilectis filiis nostris canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus prebendarn unam quam habent in ecclesia 
Beati Petri Eboracensis, cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertati- 
bus suis, quam predecessor noster Turstinus archiepiscopus eis 
prius dedit et concessit. Constat autem prebenda ilia de ecclesia 
de Lith, de ecclesia de Warham et de ecclesia de Brameham, 
cum molendino ejusdem ville, et terris et decimis. Preterea 
concedimus et confirmamus predictis canonicis ecclesias quas 
habent in diocesi nostra, scilicet de Wivertorp et de Warnefeld', 
que ambe sunt de feodo Beati Petri, similiter de Booltona, de 
Rowella, de Bateleia, de Huderesfeld, de Wdekirka cum capella 
sua de Erdeslawe, de Federstan, de Felekirka, de Addewic, et 
medietatem ecclesie de Mekesburc, de Chnaresburc, et [illam] de 
villa de TykehuT cum capella sua de Staintona, et capellam 
Omnium Sanctorum de Scokirka, et locum qui dicitur Canuntorp' 
super Roder; cum terris et decimis et omnibus pertinentiis pre- 
dictarum ecclesiarum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1481. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, to the canons of 

Nostell, for the enlargement of their support and lodging, of 
the churches of Featherston, Felkirk, Batley, and Warmfield, 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, YORK PREBEND 175 

and appropriation of the same to the canons when they become 

void. 1164-1181. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 73 (old p. 165). 

Rogerus Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus, apostolice 
sedis legatus, omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem in 
Domino. Que sancte ecclesie donatione fidelium juste noscuntur 
esse collata episcopali debent auctoritate confirmari, ne pravorum 
hominum malignitate impune possint auferri. Hinc est quod nos 
attendentes paupertatem et religionem domus Sancti Oswaldi de 
Nostl[a], divine caritatis intuitu et in remissionem peccatorum 
nostrorum et pro animabus predecessorum nostrorum et eorum 
qui nobis succedent, concessimus et hac presenti carta con- 
firmavimus ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostla et dilectis filiis 
nostris canonicis regularibus ibidem divinis officiis mancipatis, ad 
sustentationem suam et hospit[alit]atem augmentandam, ecclesias 
de Federstan, de Felekirke, de Bateleia, de Warnefelda, libere et 
quiete cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam possidendas ; ita ut liceat eis fructus et omnes 
obventiones et possessiones earumdem ecclesiarum cum vacaverint 
in proprios usus convertere ; salvis tamen episcopalibusconsuetu- 
dinibus et Eboracensis ecclesie dignitate. Si quis vero, quod 
absit, contra hanc nostre concessionis et confirmationis paginam 
venire presumpserit, nisi digne resipiscat, maledictionem Beati 
Petri et nostram se noverit incursurum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1482. Confirmation by Alexander III to the monks of Pontefract of 
all their churches and other possessions, with a grant of 
immunity from tithes of improved lands and pastures. At 
Ferentino, 19 August 



Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. i&/. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 66. 

Alexander episcopus servus servorum Dei dilectis filiis priori 
et capitulo ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto salutem et 
apostolicam benedictionem. Auctoritate sedis apostolice com- 
pellimur et nostri officii debito provocamur pias filiorum ecclesie 
preces et petitiones clementer admittere et eas utili effectu 
prosequente complere. Ea propter dilecti in Domino filii vestris 
justis postulationibus gratuni impertientes assensum ecclesiam 
vestram in qua divino estis obsequio mancipati, cum capellis ab 
ea pendentibus et omnibus que inpresentiarum juste et canonice 
possidet aut in futurum justis modis prestante Domino poterit 
adipisci, sub Beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus. Pre- 
terea ecclesiam de Rorestun 2 cum pertinentiis suis, ecclesiam 
de Silkestona et ecclesiam de Calthorna cum pertinentiis suis, 

1 Alexander III was at Ferentino on I and 16 Sept., 1161 ; Mas Latrie, Trtsor 
de Chronologic, 1103. 

* Royston ; " Rorestone " and " Rorestun" in Dom. Bk. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ecclesiam de Ledeshama cum pertinentiis suis, ecclesiam de Kipesca 
et ecclesiam de Dardingtona cum pertinentiis suis, villam de 
Bernesleya et Kellingleya cum pertinentiis suis, Ledesham, 
Witewdam et Maram cum pertinentiis suis, unam bovatam terre 
in Scalebroc cum pertinentiis suis, molendinum quod dicitur Est 
in suburbio situm et molendinum in Nortuna, hospitale Sancti 
Nicholai de Pontefracto et ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum ejusdem 
ville cum pertinentiis suis, ecclesiam Sancte Marie Magdalene de 
Lunda cum suis pertinentiis et cetera que rationabiliter possidetis, 
vobis et ecclesie vestre auctoritate apostolica confirmamus et 
presentis scripti patrocinio communimus. Statuentes ut de 
novalibus que propriis manibus aut sumptibus colitis sive de 
nutrimentis animalium vestrorum nullus a vobis decimas exigere 
presumat. Decernimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominum liceat hanc 
paginam nostre protectionis, confirmationis et constitutionis in- 
fringere vel ei aliquatenus contraire. Siquis autem hoc attemp- 
tare presumpserit indignationem omnipotentis Dei et Beatorum 
Petri et Pauli apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum. Datum 
Ferentini, xiiii kalendas Septembris. 

1483. Grant by Ilbert de Lascy and Hadrude his wife to Holy 
Trinity of the Mount, at Rouen, of his dwelling and appur- 
tenant land at Tingewick, co. Buck., and tithe at Fraitville (?). 
1088-^.1094. 

In the archives of Winchester College. Pd. in ArcJuzolog. Jour. t iv, 249. 
Notum sit omnibus Christianis tam viventibus quam futuris 
quod ego Hilbertus de Laceio una cum Hadrude uxore mea do 
mansionem Tinsuicz Sancte Trinitati de Monte Rotomagensi, 
terram scilicet cum aqua et pratis et silvis omnibusque ad ipsam 
mansionem attinentibus, pro anima mea atque domini mei Willelmi 
regis et animabus parentum et amicorum meorum necnon et 
uxoris mee filiique mei Hugonis pro eo quod et ipse supradictus 
films meus ... in loco requiescat ; et decimam et Fraitvilla. 

In the Survey Ilbert de Lascy is returned as holding, under the bishop 
of Bayeux, "Tedinwiche," now Tingewick, for 10 hides. 1 This charter 
suggests that Ilbert had another son Hugh, besides the one of that name 
who was abbot of Selby from 1097 to 1123. Here Ilbert's wife is named 
Hadrude, although the mother of Robert de Lascy is always named 
Hawise in the Pontefract Chartulary.* 

1484. Confirmation by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Selby of 
Hambleton which Ilbert his father gave to abbot Benedict 
and the monks for the soul of Hugh, brother of the said 
Robert, c. 1094-1 115. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. 90. Pd. in Cottcher Bk. of Selby, i, n. 474 ; Mon. 
Angl., iii, 500. 

Cognitum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis quod ego 
Rodbertus de Laceio concede et confirmo donationem et ele- 
1 Dorn. Bk., i, 145. * op. cit., 17, 25. 



LASCY FEE; HAMBLETON, DODWORTH 177 

mosinam quam pater meus Hilbertus dedit ecclesie Sancti Ger- 
mani de Seleby et abbati Benedicto et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, pro salute sua et matris mee et pro anirna fratris mei 
Hugonis ceterorumqueamicorum suorum, scilicet Hameltonam cum 
omnibus que ei adjacent ; et hec concedo et confirmo pro salute 
mea ac omnium parentum meorum ut monachi ejusdem ecclesie 
libere [et] quiete in puram elemosinam jure perpetuo habeant. 

Ilbert's gift was made to abbot Benedict, who ruled over the monastery 
27 years, namely from 1069-70 to 1097 ; l but no copy of the original has 
been preserved. 

1485. Grant by Robert de Lascy, for the health of the soul of 
Henry, king of the English, the donor's wife Matilda, Ilbert his 
father, and Hawise his mother, and by the advice of T., arch- 
bishop of York, and with the king's consent, to his monks 
of Pontefract, for the keep of their horses and those of their 
guests, of certain land of his demesne, called Dodworth, 
lying between Silkstone and Barnsley ; (bounded) on one side 
by a marshy valley beyond " Efkisclif," where the monks 
will concede to him sparrow-hawks, falcons and goshawks, 
being the boundary against Silkstone, Thurgoland and Stain- 
borough ; and on the other side by Mervine-brook, which 
flows into that valley ; confirmation also, of the gift of Swane 
son of Ailric, of the church of Silkstone with 6 bovates, and 
the chapel of Cawthorne and other chapels belonging to 
Silkstone. 1108-1114 (?). Of doubtful authenticity. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 2. Pd. in ChartuL of Pontefract, 
n. 7 ; cf. Man. Angl., v, I2ob, n. 2. 

Omnibus in Christo credentibus Robertus de Laceio salutem. 
Sciatis me, pro amore Dei et pro salute anime domini mei Henrici 
Dei gratia 2 regis Anglorum et pro incolumitate sua et statu regni 
sui et pro remedio anime mee et 3 Matilde uxoris mee, Illeberti 
patris mei et Haawis matris mee et omnium antecessorum et 
heredum meorum, consilio T[ ] venerabilis Eboracensis 

archiepiscopi et assensu et concessione ejusdem serenissimi regis 
Henrici dedisse et concessisse et sub presentis carte mee testi- 
monio 4 confirmasse Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis meis in 
Pontefracto in servitio Dei sustinendis 5 ad prebendandos equos 
suos et hospitum suorum quoddam dominium meum, scilicet 
Dodewrdam quod situm est inter Silkestonam et Bernesleiam, 
plenarie et sine omni diminutione cum omnibus pertinentiis et 
libertatibus suis in bosco, in piano, in pratis, in paschuis, in viis 
et semitis, per vallem quandam morosam et aquosam ultra 

1 Coucher of Selby, i, [21]. 

2 " Dei gratia" omitted in n. 2. 

3 "omnium meorum" in place of " Matilde . . . heredum meorum " ; ib. 
* " hac presenti carta mea," in place of " sub presentis," etc. 

8 "Deo ibidem servientibus," in place of" in servitio," etc. 
Ill M 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Efkisclif l ex ilia parte, 2 unde ex monachorum benivola permissione 
dabuntur mihi spreuerii, falcones et ostorii ibi 3 hereditantes, que 
vallis certificat divisam inter 4 Silkestonam et Turgarland et 
Stainburx et predictam Doddewrdam ; et ex alia parte per rivulum 
quendam qui vocatur Mervinebroc et cadit in predicta[m] valle[m] ; 6 
[et ex tertia parte versus Silkestonam per luporum foveam, et 
per arborem quandam que vocatur Anglice Lind, et per morosum 
fontem, et sic per alterum rivulum qui currit Helilaiam et cadit 
in aquam que venit de Silkestona, que loca certificant divisas 
inter Silkestonam et predictam Doddewrdam ; et ita per vallem 
illam ultra Huggesside, et per ejusdem aque de Silkestona medie- 
tatem usque contra Barneby, que aque medietas certificat divisam 
inter Barneby et predictam Doddewrdam in ilia parte ; et ita 
retrahendo sursum per mentis supercilium usque in Ravenesclou, 
qui Ravenesclou certificat divisam inter Bercam et sepedictam 
Doddewrdam] ; 6 in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et 
quietam ab omni seculari exactione. 7 Concessi etiam 8 eisdem 
monachis meis ex dono Swani filii Ailrici et confirmavi ecclesiam 
de Silkestona et sex bovatas terre in eadem villa cum pertinentiis 
suis, et capellam de Calto[r]na 9 et ceteras capellas et terras et 
decimas predicte ecclesie 10 pertinentes. Hiis testibus, T[ ] 

Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo, Willelmo Peverel, Willelmo 
Folioth, Herveo de Campeus, Rogero Pictavensi, Willelmo de 
Wenrevilla. [Testes etiam:] Suanus 11 films Ailrici, Godricus, 
Willelmus, Robertus, Warner camberlanus. 

A chronological difficulty is created by this charter. The earliest 
period at which archbishop Thurstan could give official advice was in 
all probability later than that at which Robert de Lascy was banished. 
It will be observed that there is no mention in this charter of any 
other gifts made to the monks of Pontefract by the donor ; only the 
settlement of the monks there under his care is recorded, and the gifts 
of Swane son of Ailric are duly confirmed. There are two other charters 
of Robert to the monks preserved in the chartulary, namely nos. I and 
2, both attested by the first six persons who attest this charter. The 
principal variations between n. 2 and the charter given above are noted 
in the footnotes. No. i records the foundation by Robert de Lascy on 
his demesne in Kirkby, the ancient name of Pontefract, of a house of 
monks of La Charite', of the Cluniac order, for the reception of certain 
monks sent by prior Wilencus ; alms are to be given to them for the 
welfare of his lord King William II, namely to the said church of St. 
John (not previously named), the site of the place where the monks then 
dwelt, and the land of Brakenhill ; also full custody of the hospital of 

Cliff Wood ; R. Holmes. omitted in n. 2. 

" sprivarii ibi," etc. ; ib. 

n. 2 continues : " Turgarlandam et Stainburcham et Doddewrdam ex ilia parte." 

Here follows in n. 2 a further description of the bounds of Dodworth. 

Added from n. 2. * Clause of warranty in n. 2 follows here. 

" autem et confirmavi "; ib. " Calthorna " ; ib. 

M "vel predicte capelle," ib. 
11 This and the remaining names are in the nominative case. 



LASCY FEE: DOD WORTH 1 79 

St. Nicholas, where the monks had previously dwelt, besides other alms 
of his own and others' gift. No. i is undoubtedly spurious ; probably nos. 
2 and 7 are also spurious, but n. 7 may be based upon a genuine charter 
in which several clauses were subsequently interpolated, notably that 
of the boundaries, which may have been considerably extended. Prob- 
ably the original colony of monks of La Charite, which may have been 
introduced by Ilbert de Lascy, had no charter of foundation, wherefore 
a later generation of monks supplied the deficiency by the document 
n. i of the Chartulary. 

The gift of Dodworth purports to have been made by the advice of 
T., the venerable archbishop of York, and with the consent of Henry I. 
In neither of the charters recording this gift is the full name of the arch- 
bishop given, but a charter of Thurstan (n. 1468), confirming this gift, at the 
request of prior Walter, who was elected abbot of Selby in U37, 1 appears to 
indicate that the archbishop referred to in all three charters was Thurstan, 
and not Thomas II. Thurstan there states that Robert de Lascy "by 
our advice " gave to the monks Dodworth " according to the bounds 
certified in his charter." There are no witnesses to the confirmation, but 
this feature taken alone does not imply that the instrument is spurious. 
If the statement that Robert gave this estate by the advice of Thurstan 
is to be taken as reliable, then the date of the gift must fall between 
the election of Thurstan on 15 August, 1114, and the forfeiture by Robert 
of his English fief. The precise date of this event is not known, but it 
happened before the Lindsey survey was made, to which only the ap- 
proximate date 1115-1118 has been assigned. If the gift was made 
shortly before the forfeiture and while Robert was in Normandy, the 
dual attestation might be explained on the assumption that the first 
set of witnesses attested the gift and the second set the later certifica- 
tion of the boundaries. On the other hand it is doubtful if Thurstan trans- 
acted any business connected with his see prior to his restoration in 1121. 
It may be well therefore to view the authenticity of this charter with 
suspicion. 

1486. Confirmation of Hugh de Laval, with' the consent of Thurstan, 
archbishop of York, for the health of Henry I, and for the 
health of the soul of William II, his brother, his former wife 
and son William, of whatever Robert de Lascy gave in the 
time of William II or after to the monastery of St. Mary de 
Caritate for the use of the monks of the order of St. Benedict, 
serving in the monastery of St. John the Evangelist of his 
castle of Kirkby, of the site thereof, 13 acres in Brackenhill ; 
the church of St. Mary of the Market Place, the mediety of 
which the canons of St. Oswald gave to the monks with the 
church of Ledsham and 12 s. of castle-toll or 12^. of the tithes 
of Ledstone, given by the said canons (in exchange) for the 
church of Featherston ; a moiety of the town of Ledsham, 
which the monks formerly had, Ledston, Whitwood, Dod- 
worth, 6 bovates in Foxholes, and the water between the 2 
mills of Castleford; i carucate before the castle given by 
William Foliot, 6 bovates in Silkstone given by Ailsi ; the 
church of Silkstone and that of Cawthorne with two-thirds of 
the tithe of his demesne, given by Swane son of Ailric ; tithes 
of the grantor's rents of Kirkby and the first promise of the 

1 Coucher of Selby, i, p. [31]. 



l8o EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

gift of St. Clement's chapel, the churches of Darrington and 
Kippax, i carucate and a house of infirm folk freed from 
subjection to the church of Darrington, the church of Slaid- 
burn in Bowland, in Cheshire the church of Whalley, the 
chapel of the grantor's castle of Clitheroe and tithes of the 
demesne of the castle with the church of St. Mary Magdalene 
at Clitheroe, also the churches of Colne and Burnley, given by 
the grantor. 10 June, 1123-25 April, 1124. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at WooIIey Hall, f. ib. Pd. in Charttil. of Pont e- 
fract, n. 3 ; Man. Angl., v, 12, n. 3. 

In nomine sancte et individue Trinitatis. Saluberrimum est 
ut quicquid a predecessoribus viris catholicis ecclesie Dei et ei 
servientibus impensum est a posteris firmum et perpetuum 
teneatur. Ea propter ego Hugo de Laval, id potissimum sug- 
gerente et assentiente Turstino venerabili Eborascensium archi- 
episcopo, pro salute domini mei Henrici Anglorum regis et uxoris 
sue et statu regni eorum et pro remedio animarum patris et 
matris et fratris sui Willelmi regis et prioris conjugis sue et 
Willelmi filii eorum necnon et omnium antecessorum et parentum 
suorum et pro salute mea et conjugis mee et liberorum meorum 
et pro remedio animarum antecessorum meorum, concede per 
Dei gratiam et concessum ejusdem serenissimi regis Henrici et 
sub testimonio presentis cartule confirmo quicquid Rodbertus de 
Laceio tempore regis Willelmi secundi et ego postmodum tem- 
pore regis Henrici donavi monasterio Sancte Marie de Caritate 
ad usum monachorum sub regula Sancti Benedict! servientium in 
monasterium Sancti Johannis Ewangeliste de Kyrkeby castello 
meo, videlicet situm ipsius monasterii et septem acras terre 
ibidem cum mansis earum et in Brachehel xiii acras et ecclesiam 
Sancte Marie de Foro cum rebus ad earn pertinentibus. Hujus 
ecclesie scilicet dimidium erat prius canonicorum Sancti Osuualdi, 
verum pro commoditate quadam et canonicorum et monachorum 
ex beneficio meo per manum domini Turstini archiepiscopi illud 
dimidium canonicorum dedi ipsis monachis ; et ecclesiam de Ledes- 
hama et aut xii solidos ad festum Sancti Andree de theloneo 
castelli aut decimam Ledestune per supradictos xii solidos a 
capellanis meis de Sancto Clemente commutatam, et ita concessum 
est et gratatum utrimque pro ecclesia de Fedrestana quam modo 
habent canonici. Rursum concede predicto monasterio dimidium 
predicte ville de Ledeshama quod antea habebant et Letiestonam 
et Witewodam et Dodewrdam et in Foxoles vi bovatas terre et 
aquam que est inter ij molendinos de Castelford ; et ante castellum 
unam carucatam terre de dono Willelmi Folioth, et in Silkestona 
vi bovatas terre de dono Ailsi, et ecclesiam de Silkestona cum 
hiis que ad illam pertinent de dono Swani filii Ailrici, et iterum 
de dono ipsius ecclesiam de Caltorna cum duabus partibus deci- 
marum totius dominii sui. Iterum ex meo beneficio omnium 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT ENDOWMENTS l8l 

feddituum meorum de Kirkeby decimam eidem monasterio con- 
cede, et hoc privilegium de capella Sancti dementis eidem con- 
firmo ut alteri ecclesie non possit dari quam monasterio Sancti 
Johannis, ecclesiam quoque de Dardintona et ecclesiam de Kypeis 
cum omnibus ad se pertinentibus monasterio Sancti Johannis in 
elemosinam tribuo, carrucata cum mansura infirmorum a sub- 
jectione ecclesie Darditone permanente libera ; et in Boolanda 
ecclesiam de Sleteburna cum his que ad se pertinent, et in 
Cestrieschira ecclesiam de Walleya et [omnia] ad earn pertinentia 
et capellam castelli mei de Clitherow cum decimis omnium rerum 
dominii mei ejusdem castelli et ibidem ecclesiam Sancte Marie 
Magdalene, et ecclesiam de Calna et ecclesiam de Brunlaia. Ego 
Henricus rex Anglorum signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego Ricar- 
dus de Brus signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego Rogerus Sales- 
biriensis episcopus hoc signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego 
Robertus Cestrensis episcopus hoc signo sancte + crucis con- 
firmo, ego Gaufridus cancellarius hoc signo sancte +, crucis con- 
firmo, ego Gaufridus de Glinton hoc + confirmo, ego Robertus de 
.Oilli + hoc confirmo, ego Thomas de Sancto Johanne hoc + con- 
firmo, ego Robertus de Sigillo hoc signo sancte + crucis con- 
firmo, ego Hugo Bigotus dapifer hoc confirmo signo sancte + 
crucis, ego Baldwinus filius Gisleberti hoc + confirmo, ego Willel- 
mus de Munfichet signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego comes 
David signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego abbas Helyas de 
Monte signo sancte + crucis confirmo, ego Hugo de Brietel signo 
sancte crucis + confirmo, ego Ricardus Herefordensis episcopus 
+ signo sancte crucis confirmo. 

The attestation of Geoffrey Rufus, the king's chancellor, points to the 
period 10 June, 1123 25 April, 1124, as the approximate date of his charter. 
Ranulf, the late chancellor, died in 1123. The testing clause contains 
several suspicious details. Richard de Brus is an unknown personality ; 
but this attestant's position, as second among the witnesses and next in 
order to the king himself, suggests that the text should read " Ricardus 
episcopus Baiocensis." Hugh de Brietel, or possibly " Breteuil," seems to 
be an unknown person. The confirmation of " whatever Robert de Lascy 
gave in the time of William II" is a somewhat suspicious description. It 
is doubtful if the charter can be accepted as genuine. It may be based 
upon a more concise original, which may have been exploited at a subse- 
quent date and its terms enlarged. 

The reference to the exchange made between the monks of Pontefract 
and the canons of St. Oswald seems to show that the church of Ledsham 
was worth 33^. yearly, which with 12s. from the toll of the castle made up 
the sum of 4$s. of yearly rent mentioned in the confirmation of Henry I 
given above. By this exchange the monks became possessed of the 
whole of the church of St. Mary in Pontefract, with the whole parish 
belonging thereto, which probably covered a wide area of demesne land 
and forest belonging to the honor. 

1487. Grant by Hugh de Laval to the monks of Pontefract of his 
mill of that town ; confirmation of the custody of the hospital 



jg 2 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

of St. Nicholas, which Robert de Lascy gave them, and tithe 
of the toll of that town. ^1122-1129. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. id. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 4. 

H[ugo] de Laval omnibus hominibus suis tarn Francis quam 
Anglis salutem in Christo. Notum sit vobis omnibus quod ego 
concede et dono et presentis carte scripto confirmo meum molen- 
dinum de villa Pontisfracti monachis meis Deo et Sancto Johanni 
Ewangeliste servientibus in eadem villa. Preterea concede eis et 
hoc scripto confirmo custodiam hospitalis Sancti Nicholay quam 
Robertus de Laceio illis ante dederat, sicut melius et liberius 
habuerunt in tempore ejusdem Roberti ; similiter et decimam 
telonei de villa Pontisfracti, pro salute illustrissimi regis H[enrici] 
et antecessorum eius et pro salute mea et omnium antecessorum 
et heredum meorum. Testibus, Willelmo Folioth et Ricardo 
Folioth filio ejus et Hugone de Stapiltona et Herberto de Chen- 
quit l et Ricardo de Eviz et Rogero Pictavensi. 

Two of the witnesses, William Foliot and Roger le Peytevin, are named 
in the roll of the sheriff of York for 1130. The last named was doubtless 
the donor of i carucate in Altofts, and Hugh de Stapilton of 2 bovates in 
Thorpe, both gifts being confirmed by Ilbert de Lascy II. Herbert de 
Chaineduit may have been Hugh's tenant of land in co. Oxon. Alice wife 
of Ralph de Chesnesdut, Simon and Hugh her sons, gave to the canons 
of Nostell the churches of Chadlington and Langley, 2 hides in Sarsden, 
and 15 acres of land in Milton, in co. Oxon., and the church of Charwelton, 
co. Northampton. 2 

1488. Notification by Hugh de Laval that, in the presence of arch- 
bishop Thurstan, he has given to the canons of Nostell the 
churches of South Kirkby, Rothwell, Ackworth, Batley, Hud- 
dersfield and Featherston ; and has confirmed the gift of the 
church of Warmfield, so far as pertains to him. 1119-1129. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 14 (old p. 25) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. gd. 

Hugo de Laval omnibus sancte ecclesie fidelibus salutem. 
Sciatis quod ego in presentia venerabilis Thurstini Eboracensis 
archiepiscopi et ejus concessione, pro Dei amore et salute anime 
mee et omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum, dedi et 
concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi de Nostl[a] et canonicis regularibus ejusdem loci, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinafn, ecclesiam de Sudkirkebi et 
ecclesiam de Rowelle et ecclesiam de Hackewrthe et ecclesiam de 
Bateleia et ecclesiam de Hudresfeld et ecclesiam de Fetherestan, 
cum omnibus predictarum ecclesiarum pertinentiis. Confirmo 
etiam eis, et quantum ad me et heredes meos pertinet, do in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam ecclesiam de Warnefeld cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis et quicquid de hominibus meis tenent. 

1 Sic for " Thenquic " ? * .ff. Chart., 215 b. 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, WHALLEY 183 

Teste Thurstino archiepiscopo, et Hereberto dapifero meo et 
Ricardo le Gurz et Henrico des Eschaleres et aliis pluribus ; 
apud Eboracum in capitulo Sancti Petri coram canonicis. 

Possibly " Herbert," sewer to the grantor, was Herbert de Morevill, 
whose name occurs with that of Richard Guiz, another witness of this 
charter, in the roll of the sheriff of York for 1130, following an important 
entry relating to the honor of Pontefract. There Herbert de Morevill owes 
50 marks to be quit of the custody of the forests (of the fees of Pontefract 
and Clitheroe ?), and Richard Guiz owes 2 destriers for confirmation of land 
given him by Hugh de Laval. 1 Henry des Eschaleres, whose name appears 
in the original as " de Seschaleres," may have been a kinsman of Stephen 
and Henry de Scalariis, living Ii66. 2 

1489. Notification of William Maltravers of his gift, made with the 
consent of Dalmeta his wife, to the monks of Pontefract of i 
mark of rent yearly from his riddings, in return for the sur- 
render of their claim to the church of Whalley (co. Lane.), 
but without prejudice to their renewal of that claim. 
1130-1136. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 68; Dodsw. MS. Ixxiii, f. I2&/. 
Pd. in Chartul. of Po ntefr. , n. 423. 

Willelmus Maltravers omnibus hominibus et amicis suis 
salutem. Notum vobis esse volo quod ego do monachis Sancti 
Johannis de Pontefracto, pro anima mea et pro exspectatione 
calumpnie sue de ecclesia de Walleya, unam marcam argenti de 
redditibus meis in essartis, unoquoque anno reddendam in festi- 
vitate Sancti Michaelis, laudante hoc et volente .uxore mea 
Dalmeta et hoc quamdiu tenebo honorem Pontisfracti. Postea 
autem si voluerint agitare calumpniam suam vel per cartam regis 
quam inde habent vel per aliud non sit calumpnia eorum pejorata 
propter illud factum. Testibus, Hugone filio G[ilberti] et Mengi 
et Reginaldo et Willelmo 3 filio Hugonis et Randulfo filio Orm. 

William Maltravers owed 1000 marks in 1130 for the land of Hugh 
de Laval, and ^100 for Hugh's wife. The land of Hugh he was to hold 
for 15 years only, and after that his wife's dower and marriage portion.* 
This probably explains her participation in this deed of exchange. The 
assassination of Maltravers by Pain, a knight of the honor of Pontefract, 
early in 1136, is a well-known fact. Henry de Campeaux and Robert his 
son seem also to have been implicated in the crime, which opened the way 
for the restoration of the honor to Ilbert de Lascy, son and heir of Robert. 

The extent of the fee of William Maltravers may be gauged by the sums 
pardoned to him in respect of Danegeld in 1130, the fact being borne in 
mind that the rate was 2s. from each hide, and in Yorkshire and Lancashire 
4</. for each carucate: Yorkshire ^14 los., Surrey 50?., Hertfordshire ios., 
Lincolnshire 8s.; and in London 30^. in respect of the aid of the city. 5 The 
relief in Yorkshire was in respect of his whole fee, elsewhere it may have 

1 R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 34. 

2 Red Book of the Excheq., 363, 367, 401. 

" Waltero'* ; Chartul. R.Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 34. 

5 i6., passim. 



184 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

been mainly in respect of demesne land. In Lincolnshire it was possibly in 
respect of Ingoldmells. 

Hugh son of G., the first witness, was, as Mr. Holmes has suggested, 
most likely Hugh son of Gilbert de Stapleton, whose son William also 
attests. In 1130 William son of Hugh proffered 10 marks that he might 
hold in peace the land of " Sulinga," * from which word the suffix "tona " 
seems to have been dropped. At the Survey Stapleton was held under 
Ilbert by Gislebert, father of Hugh de Stapleton, but Swillington (Suillic- 
tun) was held by Ilbert in demesne and included Leventhorpe, which 
Hugh de Laval gave to the canons of Nostell. It appears probable that 
Swillington was the inheritance on marriage of William de Stapleton's 
mother, recently deceased in 1130. 

1490. Confirmation by Lucy, countess of Chester, to the monks of 
Spalding of the manor of Spalding (co. Line.) with the 
customs and liberties with which she held it in the time of 
Ivo Taillebois, Roger Fitz-Gerold and earl Ranulf. ^-1135. 

Charter R., 4 Edw. Ill, m. 37. Pd. in Cat. of Chart. R., iv, 165 ; Man. 
Angl., iii, 217. 

In nomine sancte et individue Trinitatis notum sit omnibus tarn 
presentibus quam futuris quod ego Lucia comitissa Cestrie con- 
cedo et dono ecclesie et monachis Sancti Nicholai de Spallingis 
manerium de Spallingis, cum socha et sacha et thol et them, cum 
omnibus consuetudinibus suis et libertatibus cum quibus melius 
tenui et liberalius tempore Ivonis de Thallebos et Rogerii filii 
Geroldii et comitis Ranulfi, in elemosina anime mee pro re- 
demptione anime patris mei et matris mee et dominorum meorum 
et paurentum meorum. Quare volo ut bene et in pace teneant 
cum omnibus appenticiis suis. Testibus, priore Martino de 
Pontefracto et Ilberto de Laceio, Richardo de Foliot, Jurdano et 
Pagano fratribus suis, Hugone filio Gileberti, Willelmo de Semer- 
villa, Richardo filio Guobolt, Widone de Russedene, Petro filio 
Bugardi, Radulfo de Wenervilla, Richardo Russel. 

This charter is included in this collection because of the attestation of 
many important vassals of the honor of Pontefract. As prior Martin and 
Ilbert de Lascy are among the number of the witnesses, the date must lie 
very soon after the death of Henry I, and before Walter succeeded Martin 
as prior. In 1137 Walter became abbot of Selby. In Guy de Russedene 
may be recognised one of the early owners of the honors of Rosedale and 
Liddel. When this confirmation was issued the countess Lucy may have 
been a visitor at Pontefract. 

1491. Confirmation by Ilbert de Lascy II to the monks of Selby of 
the manor of Hambleton which his grandfather, Ilbert, gave. 
1135-1141. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. 90^. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, i, n. 475. 
Notum sit omnibus has literas legentibus quod ego Hilbertus 
de Lascy, pro salute anime mee et pro salute omnium parentum 
meorum, manerium Hameltone cum omnibus sibi adjacentibus 

1 K. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 32. 



LASCY FEE: SPALDING, HAMBLETON 185 

quod dedit avus meus Hilbertus ecclesie Sancti Germani de Seleby 
et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram elemosinam con- 
firmo et concede eodem modo tenere in perpetuum ; et volo et con- 
firmo ut teneant illam elemosinam meam puram bene, honorifice 
et quiete ut tenuerunt die qua recuperavi honorem meum. 

Ilbert de Lascy recovered the honors of Pontefract and Clitheroe shortly 
after Stephen's accession. Richard of Hexham thus refers to this event : 

Ea tempestate Willelmus cognomento Transversus qui honorem 
Fracti Pontis, sic enim quoddam oppidum nominatur, ex dono 
Henrici regis habuerat, a quodam milite homine suo, Pagano 
nomine, apud ipsum oppidum letali vulnere percussus post triduum 
in habitu monachili mortuus est. Et quem patri suo Roberto 
de Lesci rex Henricus abstulerat Ilbertus de Lescio filius ejus 
mox eundem honorem recuperavit. Et per Angliam et per Nor- 
manniam similiter pluribus eadem tempestate contigit. 1 

Ilbert de Lascy was one of the witnesses to Stephen's charter issued at 
the great council at Oxford in II36. 2 Two years later he was at the battle 
of the Standard, and in 1141 he was at Lincoln on the side of Stephen. 
After that he became lost to view. 

Henry de Lascy subsequently confirmed to Selby the manor of Hamble- 
ton of the gift of Ilbert his grandfather, Robert his father, and Ilbert his 
brother, and he released the service of one knight, which he had previously 
required from the monks, particularly for that manor. For acquittance of 
the forfeitures which he had committed against the church of St. German 
of Selby he confirmed that manor to the monastery and released the service 
of a knight. His charter was attested by Robert the priest, Lambert the 
physician, and others, 3 of whom Richard son of Gubold may have been 
one. 

1492. Notitia of the foundation and endowments of the church of 
St. Clement in the castle of Pontefract by Ilbert de .Lascy, 
Robert his son and their tenants, and confirmation of the 
same by Ilbert de Lascy II. 1137-1139. 

From the collections of Sir Henry Savile, hart. ; Dodsworth's MSS., vol. 
cxviii, f. 76. Pd. in Man. Angl., v, 128^; Yorks, Arch&olog. Jour., 
xiv, 155. 

Quando Ilbertus de Laceio in honorem Dei et Sancte Marie 
et Omnium Sanctorum ecclesiam Beati dementis in castello suo, 
pro salute Willelmi regis majoris, Willelmi filii ejus et filiorum 
ipsorum et pro animabus predecessorum et pro animabus uxoris 
et filiorum suorum et pro salute omnium fidelium vivorum et 
mortuorum, in tempore principis supradicti fundavit, donavit et 
confirmavit eidem ecclesie plenarie decime sue duas partes de 
dominio suo, videlicet in Camasella, in Daringtona, Rodwella, 
Baruica, Parlingtona, Chipesio cum Alretona, Ledstona pro qua 
habet ipsa ecclesia unum molendinum in Newsam, et tertiam 
partem decime quam habebant monachi de dominio castellanie ; 
rursus in Octona, Wulmerslee, Chamsala, Ermesela, in Lindessio 

1 Richard of Hexham (Surtees Soc.), 140. * ib., 150. 

3 Coucher Bk., i, n. 476. See n. 1506 below. 



!86 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

in Thorisbeia, Frisbeia, in Nottinghamshira Hekelinga, in 
Oxenfordshira Staintona, Linham et totam decimam pollorum 
armenti sui ac decimam piscatorie Knottingleie ; harum rerum 
omnium supradictorum tenuit Randulphus Grammaticus dimidiam 
partem cum octo bovatis terre in Darthingtona ad servitium 
ecclesie et dimidium communie contra Randulphum Grammaticum 
et Godefridum presbiterum. Dedit etiam Ilbertus decimam 
malorum Rodewelle et malorum Cerswist et Wint et unius 
molendini in Burgo et quinque bovatarum 1 terre in Knottingley, 
et pater meus Robertas de Laceio dedit ibi sextam partem, pro 
quibus ipse excambiavit duas partes decime Nortone et in majore 
Emsala duas partes, in Hemelsword duas partes, et Robertus de 
Laceio dedit in Feria duas bovatas terre ad luminare ecclesie 
predicte ; barones ejusdem castellanie, [scilicet] Rogerus Picta- 
vensis in Altofta duas garbas, in Tautona similiter, Ilbertus de 
Ramisvilla duas garbas Camsalie de dominio suo, Umfredum de 
Villeio duas garbas in Snitella et Newtona, Ernulphus in Prestona 
garbas duas et in Rouedona, Gilhjertus filius Dame in Stapeltona 
duas garbas, Radulfus Pincerna de Thorpe duas garbas et totam 
decimam molendini, Radulfus filius Edeline de Stubbs juxta Eme- 
salam duas garbas, Henricus de Saieo 2 dimidiam partem decime de 
Scalbroke,Willelmus Pictavensis in Scaleilla duas garbas, Ansgotus 
Ruffus in Hampole duas garbas, idem in Stubbs duas garbas, Gir- 
aldus de Rameswilla dimidiam partem decime sue in Smeadetona, 
Gerbodo in Fristona duas partes decime unius carucate ; Robertus 
de Somervill dedit in tempore Roberti de Laceio in Seacroft tertiam 
partem unius carucate, Hec autem beneficia confirmavit autori- 
tate Thome senioris archiepiscopi [et] dedicavit ipsam ecclesiam 
cum scolis de Kirkeby et Pontisfracti ; et sicut antecessores mei 
has donationes et confirmationes statuerunt in suis temporibus, 
ita ego Ilbertus concede et confirmo eas cum autoritate Turstini 
archiepiscopi, apud Brothertonam, cum omnibus que canonic! 
Sancti Clementis tenebant ad servitium ejusdem ecclesie die qua 
Deus per manum suam dedit 3 mihi hereditatem meam. Testibus 
ipso Turstino archiepiscopo, [Adelwaldo] episcopo Karliolensi, 
Waltero abbate Selebyensi, Rogero Pictavensi et Roberto Malvilla. 

This interesting record contains an account of the gifts made in alms 
to the church which Ilbert de Lascy I founded within the castle of Ponte- 
fract, namely from the time of the founder to that of his grandson, the 
second Ilbert. More important still are the references to the vassals of the 
first Ilbert, which give the key to the identity of several of the tenants of 
Ilbert named in the Survey. This is best shown by the following table, 
where the places named in the above record, the tenants T.R.E., the tenants 
of Ilbert at the time of the Survey and the donors of lands or thraves in 

1 " bovatas " in MS. * " de Laceio " in MS. 

3 " dederit " in MS. 



LASCY FEE: ST. CLEMENT IN PONTEFRACT 



i8 7 



those places to the church of St. Clement, between the time of the Survey 
and 1137-1139, are set forth. 



Place. 



Holder T.R.E. 



Campsall 

M 

Darrington 

Rothwell 

Barwick 
Parlington 
Kippax 
Allerton Bywater 
Ledston 
Newsham and\ 
Sutton / 
Glass Houghton 
Womersley 
North Elmsall 


Alsi 
Baret 

Baret, Alsi 

/Harold, Bared \ 
\Alric, Stannulf/ 
(berewick of Kippax) 
(soc of ,, ) 
Earl Edwin 
(soc of Kippax) 
(berewick of Kippax) 

Elsi 

Sewin 
Wege 
Siward, Elsi 



Holder in 1086. 

Ilbert 



Ilbert 



Elsi of Ilbert 
Ilbert 



Knottingley Baret 

Went and ' Cers west' 
Burgwallis Toe 

Norton Elsi, Orm 

South Elmsall Swen, Archil 

Hems worth Ulf, Siward 



Ferrybridge 

Altofts 

"Cantona" 1 

Snydall 

Newton Wallis 

Preston 

Stapleton 

Thorpe Audlin 

Stubbs Walden 

Skelbrook 

Skellow 

Hampole 

Stubbs Hall 

Kirk Smeaton 



Swane 

Swane, Aldene, Orm 

Turchil 

Ernuin 

Alward 

Ligulf 

Baret, Ulchil 

Elsi 



Donor of Thraves or Land. 

Ilbert I 

Ilbert de Rainevill 
/Ilbert I 
\ Ranulf Grammary 

Ilbert I 

Ilbert I 
Ilbert I 
Ilbert I 
Ilbert I 
Ilbert I 



Ilbert I 



Alric of Ilbert Robert de Lascy 

Ranulf of Ilbert /gbertl(sbov.,fishery) 
^Ranulf Grammary 

Ilbert I 
William of 

f Elsi and Orm "I n , . , T 

Robert de Lascy 

Ilbert I 

Robert de Lascy 



\ of Ilbert / 
Ilbert 
Gamel of Ilbert 



Hamelin of ,, Robert de Lascy 

Roger of ,, Roger Poitevin 
The King 

Hunfrid of Ilbert Humphrey de Villey 



Godric, Alwin 
5 thegns 
Godric 

Elsi, Archil, Edward 
Gamel, Ulchel, Morcar 
,, and Little S. Baret, Artor, Gamel 
Friston Ulchel, Morcar, Gamel 

Seacroft I Ode ' Niueli g> Ulmar.l 

\ Ragenild, Stainulf / 
Tanshelf, Kirkby~\ T ,. T-,, , 
or Pontefract } Km S Edward 



Ernulfof 
Gislebert of 
Ralph 

Hervey of 
William of 
Ansgot of 
Robert of 



Gerbodo of 
Robert of 

Ilbert 



Ernulf 

Gilbert son of Dama 
Ralph Pincerna 
Ralph son of Edeline 
Hervey de Sai? 
William Poitevin 
Ansgot Rufus 



Girald de Rainevill 
Gerbodo 
Robert de Somervill * 

Ilbert 1 or Robert 



It must not be supposed that in every place where Ilbert de Lascy I 
gave tithe of his demesne he held the whole of the town ; and conversely 
where his vassals gave land or tithe they did not always hold the entire 
manor or town. In some places Ilbert's knights obtained the manor 
of one only of several English thegns, each of whom had held manors 
in that town. The remaining manors in such a place might pass to the 
demesne of the chief lord or to several other knights. 



1 Between Woolley, Notion and Chevet. 
* In the time of Robert de Lascy. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1493. Confirmation by Ilbert de Lascy II to the monks of Pontefract 
of the gifts made by Robert de Lascy, his father, namely the 
site of the monastery, the land of Brackenhill, the church of 
All Saints in Pontefract, with the chapel of Knottingley, the 
church of Kippax and that of Darrington with the chapel of 
Stapleton, the church of Slaidburn, that of Ledsham with 
half the town, the custody of the hospital of St. Nicholas 
(in Pontefract), the town of Ledston, Dodworth, Whitwood 
and the Mere, 2 bovates in Thorpe (Audlin ?) and i carucate in 
Altofts. 1135-1142. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 2. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 6. 

Omnibus in Christo credentibus Illebertus de Laceio salutem. 
Sciatis quod ego, pro amore Dei et salute anime mee et patris 
mei et matris mee et omnium meorum, concessi et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Johanni 
Ewangeliste et monachis meis in Pontefracto Deo ibidem famulan- 
tibus omnes terras et possessiones tarn in ecclesiis quam in ceteris 
rebus quas pater meus Robertus de Laceio eis ante contulerat, 
scilicet situm monasterii eorum in Pontefracto et terram de 
Bracheneil et ecclesiam Omnium Sanctorum in eadem villa cum 
capella de Knottingleia, ecclesiam de Kipeis cum pertinentiis suis, 
ecclesiam de Dardingtona cum capella de Stapeltona et ceteris 
pertinentiis suis, ecclesiam de Slaiteburna cum pertinentiis suis, 
ecclesiam de Ledeshama cum medietate ipsius ville et ceteris 
pertinentiis et custodiam hospitalis Sancti Nicholay intus et foris 
ad dispositionem eorum in usus pauperum, et villam de Ledestona 
et Dodewrdam et Witewde et Maram et in Torp duas bovatas terre 
et in Altoftes unam carrucatam terre; ut hec omnia habeant et 
teneant in puram et perpetuam elemosinam sicut carta patris mei 
testatur. Hiis testibus, Tfurstino] Dei gratia Eboracensi archi- 
episcopo, Willelmo Folioth, et Henrico fratre meo, Rogero 
Pictavensi et Warnero. 

1494. Grant by Alice de Gant to the monks of Pontefract of i 

carucate in Ingoldmells (co. Line.), for the soul of Ilbert de 
Lascy, her first husband, who endowed her of it; which 
carucate Henry de Lascy confirmed to them. 1147-1155. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 67. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 409. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie fidelibus Aliz de Gant salutem. 
Notum vobis facio me concessisse et dedisse in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam ecclesie Sancti Johannis Evangeliste de Pontefracto 
et monachis in ea Deo servientibus unam carrucatam terre in 
Ingolvesmeles, pro anima prioris domini mei Ilberti de Lascy, qui 
mihi illam in dotem dedit, et pro salute mea, quam etiam Henricus 
de Lascy illis concessit et carta sua confirmavit. Hujus dona- 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, INGOLDMELLS 189 

tionis testes sunt, Willelmus filius Walter! de Wella, Salomon filius 
ejus, Gocelinus de Aufort, Ricardus de Smydetona, Rannulfus 
frater ejus, Willelmus pistor monachorum, Rainaldus filius 
Anketilli de Dardingtona. 

William son of Walter held 6 fees of old feoffment in 1166 of earl 
Simon. 1 Ranulf de Smitheton, of Kirk Smeaton, co. York, attested a 
charter of Robert the hunter of Smeaton. Alice joined Roger de Mowbray, 
her second husband, in giving, before 1 156, to the monks of Fountains the 
grange of Sutton. 2 She is mentioned in conjunction with her husband in 
so few instances that it seems probable she predeceased him by many 
years. 

1495. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy to the monks of Pontefract 
of i carucate in Ingoldmells (co. Line.), which dame Alice, 
the wife of Roger de Mowbray, gave for the soul of Ilbert, 
her first husband, brother of the grantor. 1144-1155. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 3^. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 1 6. 

H[enricus] de Laceio omnibus hominibus suis cunctisque 
sancte matris ecclesie fidelibus salutem. Sciatis quod confirmo 
et concedo monachis meis de Pontefracto carrucatam terre in 
Golvesmeles quani domina Aliz uxor Rogerii de Molbrai dedit eis 
pro anima prioris domini sui Ilberti fratris mei in perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omnibus servitiis sicut decet 
elemosinam, in piano, in aquis, in pratis et in omnibus apenticiis 
que pertinent predicte terre. Hujus donationis testes sunt, 
Samson capellanus Rogerii, Ricardus Gubold, Radulfus et 
Rogerius de Tilli, Willelmus de Merl[ai], Nicholaus capellanus, 
Hugo de Mainilhermer, Landri de Age, Noel, domina Gundrea, 
Matildis de Lasci, Aliz de Albemarla, Johannes de Inpingeam. 

1496. Grant by Henry de Lascy to the monks of Pontefract of tithe 

of his venison, both of flesh and hides, and mandate to his 
stewards to deliver the same faithfully. 1144-1150. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 3^. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 1 8. 

Sciant presentes et posteri quod ego Henricus de Lasci, pro 
salute anime mee et pro salute omnium amicorum meorum 
vivorum seu defunctorum, concedo Deo et Sancto Johanni et 
fratribus ibidem Christo servientibus, omnem decimam venationis 
mee et carnis et coriorum. Precipio insuper dispensatoribus 
meis ut illam fideliter reddant. Quod si aliter fecerint, retribuat 
Deus animabus eorum. Hujus donationis testes sunt, Willelmus 
elemosinator et Robertus de Campels et Willelmus de Rainevilla. 

1497- Notification by Henry de Lascy that Savard, prior, and the 
canons of Nostell have absolved him for the wrongs he did 

1 Red Bk., 383. 2 Mentor, of Fount., ii, 77. 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

them and have pardoned him in respect of the booty he took 
and the seizures of men and chattels from their lands during 
the war; and that he has confirmed to them all that they 
previously held of his fee, namely \ carucate (in Nostell) 
where they commenced to erect their church above the vivary, 
the churches of Huddersfield, Batley, Warmfield, Rothwell, 
the land of Akenshaw, except the yearly service of 55., the land 
in Chevet which was Otes', 2 bovates in Hessle, i bovate in 
Heck (?) and a messuage in Pontefract ; also the free right to 
elect their prior. 1153-1155. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 14 (old p. 29). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Henricus de Laci salutem. Sciatis omnes quod Sauardus prior 
et canonici ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a], quantum ad eos 
pertinet, absolverunt me ab omnibus malis que eis feci, et quod 
condonaverunt mihi predas quas eis abstuli et capturas hominum 
suorum et omnia que cepi de terra eorum tempore guerre. Et 
ego, pro Dei amore et salute anime mee et pro anima patris mei 
et matris mee et pro animabus omnium antecessorum et heredum 
meorum, dedi et concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi predicte 
ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a] et predictis ejusdem loci 
canonicis quicquid antea de feodo meo tenuerunt, scilicet dimidiam 
carucatam terre ubi ceperunt edificare ecclesiam suam super 
vivarium, et ecclesiam de Hudresfeld, et ecclesiam de Bateleia, et 
ecclesiam de Warnefeld, et ecclesiam de Rowelle, et totam terram 
de Akeneschage, salvo redditu meo quam inde soleo annuatim 
habere, scilicet v. solidos pro omni servitio, et totam terram que 
fuit Ottonis in Chivet, et duas bovatas terre in Hesel, et unam 
bovatam terre in Hech, et unam masagium in Pontefracto, cum 
omnibus predictarum ecclesiarum et terrarum pertinentiis sine 
retenemento, et liberam suam electionem ad priores suos eligendos, 
libere et quiete et honorifice, sine omni contradictione vel reclama- 
tione de me et heredibus meis, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
liberam et quietam ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione 
de me et de heredibus meis et de omnibus hominibus. Preterea 
concede et confirmo et quantum ad me et heredes meos pertinet 
do predictis canonicis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam ecclesiam 
de Suthkirkebi et ecclesiam de Fetherstan cum omnibus earum 
pertinentiis. Confirmo etiam eis unum molendinum in Saxtona 
cum pertinentiis de dono Roberti Pictaviensis, et omnes alias 
possessiones, terras et redditus quos de me sive de hominibus 
meis adepti sunt vel imposterum adipisci poterunt. Testibus, etc. 

1 498. Notitia of a charter of Ranulf, earl of Chester, granting to Henry 
de Lascy in fee the manor of Lowdham and East Bridgford, 
co. Nottingham. 1149-1153. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. i, n. 36, m. 2. 
Item, Carta Rahulphi comitis Cestrie facta predicto Henrico 



LASCY FEE: NOSTELL, LOWDHAM 19! 

[de Lacefo] in feodo de manerio de Ludham et Brigeford cum 
pertinentiis. 

Both these places formed part of the Domesday fief of Roger de Busli 
and afterwards belonged to the honor of Tickhill, 1 of which Lowdham was 
held by the family of Beaufou, or de Bellafago ; and Bridgford by that 
of Biset. The last named were tenants of the honor of Pontefract, a 
circumstance which probably accounts for this feoffment, whereby Lascy 
became mesne between the tenant in demesne and the earl of Chester. 
This charter affords evidence that Stephen's well-known charter to earl 
Ranulf was effective in regard to the honor of Tickhill. 

1499. Notification of Henry de Lascy that for the soul of Robert 
his father, and Matilda his mother, and by the advice of 
Roger, archbishop of York, he has caused the church of St. 
John the Evangelist (of Pontefract) to be dedicated; and 
grant of 6o.r. worth of rent to be paid yearly by his receivers 
of Pontefract, the ferry of Castleford, all the possessions of 
the monks in Pontefract and the pastures thereof, acquittance 
for their men dwelling in his fee from toll and custom ; custody 
of the hospital of St. Nicholas in Pontefract and for the food 
and clothing of the monk who keeps that hospital, i mark, 
12 skeps of bread-corn and 24 of oats; confirmation also of 
all the churches given to the monks in his fee and of the 
lands (previously recorded) with the addition of 2 bovates in 
Roall, the Eastmill of Pontefract, i bovate in Altofts given by 
Robert le Peytevin, and i toft in Pontefract given by Jordan 
Foliot. 1154-1158. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. id. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 10. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Henricus de Lasci salutem. Sciatis omnes quod ego Henricus 
de Lasci, pro amore Dei et pro salute anime mee et patris mei 
Roberti de Lasci et Matildis matris mee et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorum et heredum meorum, feci dedicari ecclesiam Sancti 
Johannis evangeliste in Pontefracto, per consilium Rogeri venera- 
bilis Eboracensis archiepiscopi qui eandem ecclesiam consecravit. 
Et concessi et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi prefate ecclesie 
et monachis meis Deo ibidem servientibus finaliter in liberam 
et puram et perpetuam elemosinam et dotem, sexaginta solidos 
singulis annis, quos persolvent eisdem monachis receptores mei 
de Pontefracto de primis denariis receptis, xxx solidos ad Pascha 
et xxx solidos ad festum Sancti Michaelis ; et passagium de 
Castelford et in villa Pontisfracti omnes terras et possessiones 
suas cum omnibus aisiamentis et pasturis ejusdem ville; et 
item in eadem villa, in foro scilicet et extra forum, hominibus 
ejusdem ecclesie manentibus in feudo meo libertatem et quietan- 
tiam de omni theloneo et de omni seculari consuetudine ; et 

1 Testa de Nevill, 206. 



I g2 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

custodiam hospitalis Sancti Nicholay in eadem villa intus et 
foris ad dispositionem eorum in usus pauperum, et singulis annis 
ad victum et ad vestitum illius monachi qui hoc hospitale custo- 
diet unam marcam argenti et duodecim hopas frumenti et xx li iiij 
avene ad festum Sancti Martini de predicto hospitali. Item 
concessi prefatis monachis meis et in die dedicationis ecclesie 
eorum presenti carta mea confirmavi imperpetuum omnes ecclesias 
ab antecessoribus meis donatas, videlicet ecclesiam Omnium 
Sanctorum in Pontefracto cum capellis et terris et decimis et 
ceteris pertinentiis, ecclesiam de Dardingtona cum capella de 
Stapiltona et cum ceteris pertinentiis, ecclesiam de Kippeis et 
ecclesiam de Ledeshama et ecclesiam de Sleiteburna cum capellis 
et terris et decimis et cum omnibus ad eas pertinentibus et 
Ledestun et medietatem de Ledeshama et Withewdam et Maram 
et Dodewrdam et Kelinglaiam cum omnibus earum pertinentiis et 
piscatoriam unam in Bekhala et duas bovatas terre in Torph 
et duas bovatas terre in Rughala et Estmolendinum in Ponte- 
fracto, ut hec omnia prefati monachi mei habeant et possideant 
sine omni impedimento et retenemento mei vel heredum meorum. 
Et ego et heredes mei omnia predicta predicte ecclesie et predictis 
monachis meis warentizabimus et adquietabimus contra omnes 
homines sicut nostram puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Hiis 
testibus, Rogero venerabili Eboracensi archiepiscopo, Jordano 
Folioth qui dedit prefate ecclesie eadem die unum toftum in 
Pontefracto et Henrico fratre suo, Adam filio Petri et Thoma 
fratre suo, Willelmo de Reinevilla et Adam filio suo, Roberto 
Pictavensi qui dedit prefate ecclesie unam bovatam terre in 
Altoftis cum pertinentiis et aisiamentis ipsius ville, Roberto de 
Stapiltona, Henrico Walensi, Petro de Tou[les]tona. 

The grant of freedom from custom for the men of the prior of Ponte- 
fract, the gifts of 7 messuages in Pontefract, and of I bovate in Altofts, were 
duly confirmed by Henry II in his charter, probably issued about 17 July, 
1157, but not later than 14 August, 1158, when Henry left England for 
4^ years. See n. 1451. The late Mr. Holmes ascribed it to January, 
1155. Thus the recorded dedication of the priory church of Pontefract 
may be safely ascribed to the period 1154-1158. 

1500. Grant by Henry de Lascy to the monks of Kirkstall of a 
mark yearly from the farm of Clitheroe for the clothing of 
their abbot. ^.1150-1159. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 18. Pd. in Concher of Kirkstall, n. 70 ; Man. Angl., 
v > 535. from the original formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York. 

Henricus de Laci omnibus hominibus suis Francis et Anglicis 
et omnibus filiis sancte matris ecclesie salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et 
abbatie Sancte Marie de Kirkestal et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus unam marcam argenti de firma de Gliderhou uno- 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, CLITHEROE, KELLINGLEY 193 

quoque anno ad vestiendum abbatem suum, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, pro salute anime mee et heredum meorum ; et volo 
et firniiter precipio ballivis meis de Gliderhou, qui firmam meam 
colligunt, ut omni anno, remota omni dilatione et occasione, pre- 
dictis monachis prefatam marcam reddant in die Assumptionis 
Sancte Marie in autumno. Hujus rei testes sunt : frater Walterus 
de Templo, Willelmus de Hallai, Osbertus archidiaconus, Willel- 
mus elemosinarius, Willelmus de Clerfai, Adam filius Swani, 
Robertus Pictavens[is], Willelmus de Rainvilla, Otto de Tilli, 
Jordanus Foliot. 

The donor also gave to the monks mark from his farm of Clitheroe, 
co. Lane., for a lamp to burn day and night before the altar " in presentia 
sacrosanct! corporis Domini." The witnesses were : Henry the physician, 
Robert de Gant, Otes de Tilli and Ilbert Painel. 1 



1501. Grant by Henry de Lascy to the monks of Pontefract for 
the soul of Ilbert, his brother, of the hamlet of Kellingley, 
lying between his town of Knottingley and Beal, with common 
easements of both towns by the ditch called Leiesyke which 
marks the boundary between Kellingley and Knottingley ; and 
a fishery in Beal ; for which the monks gave him 100 marks. 
1147-1154. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. -2d. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 1 1 . 

Omnibus hominibus suis tam Francis quam Anglis et omnibus 
fidelibus Henricus de Laceio salutem. Noverit universitas vestra 
quod ego H[enricus] de Laceio do et concedo et hac mea carta et 
hoc meo sigillo confirmo Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Johanni et 
monachis meis in Pontefracto Deo ibidem famulantibus villulam 
meam Kelinglaiam nomine, que sita est inter villam meam Not- 
tingl[aiam] et Begalam, cum communibus aisiamentis utriusque 
ville per fossatam unam que Anglice vocatur Poste Leiesic, que 
certificat divisam inter Kelinglaiam et Nottinglaiam, et quicquid ad 
illam pertinet in bosco, in piano, in pratis, in paschuis, in aquis, in 
viis, in semitis, pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee et 
Illeberti fratris mei et omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum, 
in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni 
seculari exactione, ita quod ego et heredes mei predictam Kelling- 
laiam predictis monachis meis warentizabimus contra omnes 
homines, vel si non possimus dabimus eis rationabile excambium et 
ad valorem et aisiamentum. Do etiam eis piscatoriam in Begala 
in perpetuam elemosinam. Pro recognitione hujus donationis de- 
derunt mihi monachi c marcas argenti. Hiis testibus, R[adulfo] 2 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 71 ; Man. Angl., v, 535. 

2 " Radulphus dapifer," whom Mr. Holmes identifies as "perhaps Ralph de 
Tilly," attested a charter with Ernald and Robert, chaplains ; Chartul. of 
J'ontefr., n. 380. 

Ill N 



194 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

de Tilli, Willelmo de Rainevilla, Jordano Folioth et H[enrico] 
fratre ejus, Ricardo Bagoth, W[illelmo] elemosinario, Petro de 
Archis, Arnaldo et Roberto et Adam presbiteris. 

1502. Grant by Henry de Lascy to the brethren of the hospital of 
St. Peter, York, of i bovate in Darrington, i bovate and a 
toft and croft in Knottingley ; and confirmation of his men's 
gifts, namely, the mill of Lead by Ascelin de Dai, land in 
Woodhouse by Richard and William de St. Loy, i bovate in 
Campsall by Otes de Tilly, land in Snaipethorpe (in Wake- 
field) by Jordan Foliot, 2 bovates in Egbrough by Humphrey 
(de Ruhale), 2 other bovates there by Henry de Vernoil and 
his mother, and i bovate in Hampole by Adam Burnel. 1155- 
1170. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 2%d. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris 
quam presentibus quod ego Henricus de Laci et heredes mei 
concessimus et dedimus Deo et pauperibus hospitalis Beati 
Petri Eboracensis unam bovatam terre in Dardinctuna et unam 
bovatam terre in Cnottingaleia, cum omnibus que ad easdem 
bovatas pertinent, et unum toftum et croftum juxta aquam in 
Cnottingaleia, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam et 
ab omni humano servitio et consuetudine quietam. Et preter 
hec confirmamus predictis pauperibus omnes terras quas mei 
probi homines eis dederunt in elemosinam et sicut carte 
donatorum testantur : videlicet, molendinum de Leda ex dono 
Acelini de Dai et heredum suorum, terram in Wdehusa ex 
dono Ricardi et Willelmi de Sancta Lege, unam bovatam terre 
in Camsala ex dono Ote de Tilli, terram in Snaipethorp ex 
dono Jordani Foliot que reddit v. solidos, duas bovatas terre 
in Egburc ex dono Unfridi, et alias duas bovatas terre in 
eadem villa ex dono Henrici de Vernun et matris sue, unam 
bovatam terre in Hanepol ex dono Ade Burel : has prenominatas 
terras confirmamus liberas et quietas ab omni humano servitio 
supradictis pauperibus sicut puram elemosinam, ut simus 
participes omnium bonorum in vita et morte que in predicto 
fiunt hospitali. Hii sunt testes, Rogerus presbiter, Willelmus 
dapifer, Alanus camerarius, Ricardus Panill, Willelmus 
elemosinarius, Reinerius clericus, Robertus Barbu. 

1503. Notification of Henry de Lascy to Roger, archbishop of York, 
of the agreement he has made with the canons of Nostell 
touching their complaints against him for lands and churches, 
of which they had not been put in seisin when he set out for 
Jerusalem, namely that he grants to them the church of 
Warmfield, 2cxr. yearly at Easter and the same at Martinmas 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT ENDOWMENTS IOC 

/t 

\MtU* .'iV.r 

from his rents at Pontefract, and undertakes to mediate if 
the claimants of Thorpe enter process against them. 1154- 
"59- 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 14 (old p. 29). 

Venerabili patri suo et domino Rogero Dei gratia Eboracensi 
archiepiscopo et omnibus successoribus ejus et omnibus homini- 
bus suis Francis et Anglis et cunctis heredibus suis Henricus 
de Laci salutem. Notum sit omnibus et presentibus et futuris 
concordiam esse factam inter me et canonicos Sancti Oswaldi 
de omnibus quereiis quas habebant adversus me pro terris et 
ecclesiis de quibus saisiti non fuerunt die quo movi ire Jerosoli- 
mam. Et ego, pro Dei amore et redemptione peccatorum meorum 
et salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum et successorum, do 
et concede Deo et Sancto Oswaldo et canonicis ejusdem ecclesie 
in perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam, ecclesiam de 
WarnefekT cum omnibus appendiciis suis in terris, decimis et 
aliis rebus ; et de redditibus meis de Pontefracto xx. solidos 
annuatim in Pascha et xx. solidos ad festum Sancti Martini, et 
hos denarios recipient a ministris ejusdem ville. Et si forte 
contigerit quod aliquando calumpniatores de Thorp voluerint 
clamare contra eos ego ero inter eos et calumpniatores. Hiis 
testibus : Osberto archidiacono, Adam decano, W[illelmo] elemo- 
sinario, Adam filio Sueni, et aliis. 

1504. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy for the soul of Ilbert his 
brother to the monks of Pontefract of whatever of his fee 
they possessed on the day when he caused their church to be 
dedicated. 1154-1161. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 3. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 14. 

Omnibus fidelibus sancte ecclesie H[enricus] de Laceio 
salutem. Sciatis quod ego, pro remedio anime mee et patris mei 
et matris et fratris mei Illeberti, hac presenti carta confirmo 
monachis meis de Pontefracto omnia in quibus fuerunt saisiati 
de feudo meo in die quando feci ecclesiam eorum dedicari, scilicet 
situm loci eorum cum omnibus appendiciis et ecclesiam Omnium 
Sanctorum in Pontefracto cum capellis et omnibus ad earn perti- 
nentibus et custodiam hospitalis de Sancto Nicholao, intus et 
foris, in usus pauperum et Est molendinum in ipsa villa, totam 
ecclesiam de Ledeshama, ecclesiam de Dardingtona cum capella 
de Stapiltona, ecclesiam de Sleiteburna, cum omnibus ad easdem 
ecclesias pertinentibus, villam de Ledestuna, medietatem ville de 
Ledeshama, Kelingley, Barnesley in Doddewrde, Witewde et 
Maram cum omnibus ad easdem villas pertinentibus in terris, in 
paschuis, in aquis, in molendinis, in bosco et piano, in viis et in 
semitis, libere et quiete, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, de 
me et de omnibus heredibus meis. T[estibus], Rogero Ebora- 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

censi archiepiscopo, Savarico abbate, Osberto archidiacono, 
Arnaldo et Roberto presbiteris, Willelmo elemosinario, Jordano 
Folioth, Willelmo de Rainev[illa], Henrico Walensi, Roberto 
Pictavensi, Waltero Templario. 

1505. Notification by Henry de Lascy to Roger, archbishop of York, 
of his gift to the monks of Pontefract of the church of Kippax, 
which (Robert) his father had given on the day of the founda- 
tion of their church. 1160-1170. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 3. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 13. 

Domino et patri spirituali in Christo reverentissimo Rogero 
Dei gratia Eborascensi archiepiscopo et omnibus sancte ecclesie 
filiis presentibus et futuris Henricus de Lasci salutem. Noverit 
universitas vestra me, pro amore Dei et pro salute anime mee.et 
omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum, concessisse et present! 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancto Johanni Evangeliste et 
monachis meis apud Pontemfractum Deo servientibus, ecclesiam 
de Kippeis cum terris et decimis et omnibus ad earn pertinentibus, 
et quicquid juris in ea habui eisdem monachis quietum clamasse 
de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum in liberam, puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam. Ilia enim ecclesia in fundatione ecclesie 
sue prefatis monachis data a patre meo fuit et confirmata. Hiis 
testibus, Ottone de Tilli, Jordano J Folioth, Ada filio Petri et Thoma 
fratre suo, Ada de Reinevilla, Reinero clerico, Willelmo de Bulli, 
Roberto Avenel, Ascetillo de Hardewic, Jordano de Aula, Alano 
Hasard et aliis. 

1506. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy of the gift made by Ilbert, 
his grandfather, Robert, his father, and Ilbert, his brother, to 
St. German (of Selby) of the manor of Hambleton, and re- 
lease of the service of i knight which he had claimed, for 
acquittance of the forfeitures he did against that church. 



Chartul. of Selby, f. 90^. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, n. 476. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus 
et posteris quod ego Henricus de Lasceio concede et presentis 
carte testimonio confirmo donationem illam quam fecerunt avus 
meus Ilbertus et pater meus Rodbertus et frater meus Ilbertus 
Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Germane de Hameltona et de 
omnibus ad ipsum manerium pertinentibus. Super hoc etiam 
quietum clamo imperpetuum servitium unius militis quod ego 
requirebam a monachis de Seleby, nominatim de manerio illo. 
Modo autem pro salute anime mee et omnium predecessorum 
meorum et in adquietatione forisfactorum que feci erga ecclesiam 

1 "Joel"; MS. 



LASCY FEE: KNIGHTS' FEES 197 

Dei et Sancti Germani de Selebi concede predictum manerium 
et predict! militis servitium esse puram elemosinam, liberam, solu- 
tam et quietam. His testibus : Rodberto sacerdote, Lamberto 
medico, etc. 

1507. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy to the monks of Rievaulx of 
the gift of Adam son of Peter, namely Oggethwaite with the 
iron ore and dead wood for smelting it near Stainborough. 
1158-1177. 

Chartul. of Rievaulx, Jul. D. i. f. 58^. Printed in Chartul. of R., n. 98. 
Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Henricus de Laci concede 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmo illam donationem quam Adam 
filius Petri fecit monachis Rievallis, scilicet Hogarthweit cum 
mineria ferri et cum rnortuo nemore pro ardere mineram juxta 
Steinburgh, Istius donationis et concessionis testes sunt, 
Rannulfus presbiter filius Huberti, Ricardus [Barjbot, 1 Helias 
filius Essolfi, Robertus filius Hugonis, Willelmus elemosinarius, 
Robertus dispensator, Thomas filius Petri, et Rogerus frater ejus. 

1508. Certificate returned by Henry de Lascy of the number of 
knights' fees of the old feoffment and of the new held of him. 
1166. 

Lib. Rub. de Scaccario, f. n&f. Pd. in Red Bk., 421-24; Hearne, Lib. 
Niger (ed. 1774),!, 3ij- 

H[enricus] de Lascy debuit in servitio regis de veteri feodo 
Pontis Fracti Ix milites feffatos, de quibus Wido de Lanval 
habet xx tj milites, excepto j et dimidio et hoc non remansit nisi 
in eo et suis. Isti sunt milites qui tenent de Widone de Lanval, 
scilicet: (i) 2 [Jordanus] Foliot iij milites; (2) Willelmus de 
Fristone iij milites ; (3) Simon de Lacelles ij milites ; (4) Ranulfus 
filius Constant[ini] et Ricardus de Dunham ij milites; (5) Ro- 
bertus filius Ricardi dimidium militem ; (6) Helto de Rovecestria 
iiij milites ; (7) Oto de Tilly ij milites ; (8) C[a]hamus de Clintone 
j militem ; (9) Simon de Scorchebo[e]f dimidium militem ; 
(10) Henricus Wall[ensis] dimidium militem. Isti sunt milites 
xl qui remanent in manu Henrici de Lascy, scilicet: (i) Jor- 
danus Foliot ij milites; (ii) Robertus Pictavensis iij milites; 
(10) Henricus Wal[ensis] iij milites; (12) Willelmus de Reiner- 
ville iiij milites; (7) Oto de Tilly j militem; (13) Rogerus filius 
Alvredi iij milites ; (14) Herbertus de Archis ij milites ; (9) Simon 
Scorchebo[e]f j militem; (15) Rogerus de Tilli j militem; (16) 
Robertus venator dimidium militem 5(17) Rogerus de Scinethorp 3 
iijjam p ar tem militis; (6) Helto de Rovecestria j militem; (18) 

1 MS. stained. 

2 The numbers in parentheses are to facilitate reference to the charters, relating 
to most of these feudal tenements, which follow (pp. 214-401). 

3 Lib. Nig. ; " Scirtorpe" in MS. 



198 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Adam de Wenreville j militem ; (19) Willelmus de Prestone j 
militem ; (20) Willelmus de Feresham j militem; (21) Gilbertus 
de Snithale dimidium militem ; (22) Henricus de Dai et Radulfus 
frater ejus et Petrus de Toulestone tenent duo feoda militum 
inter eos' eque partita; (23) Radulfus de Insula ij milites ; 
(2) Willelmus de Friestane ij milites ; (3) Simon de Lacellis j 
militem; (24) Hunfridus de Ruala dimidium militem; (25) Ro- 
bertus, de Stapeltone ij milites ; (26) Willelmus films Aldelin j 
militem ; (27) Hamelin j militem ; (28) Hamelin de Riaj militem; 
(29) Heodo de Longvilliers j militem ; (30) Ricardus Gramaticus 
j militem; (31) Jelebertus 1 Painel j militem. Et preter pre- 
nominatos milites habet Henricus de Lascy istos milites, quos 
ipse et antecessores sui feodaverunt et cum dominio suo serviunt, 
scilicet: (32) Walterus de Sumervillej militem; (33) Willelmus 
Scotus dimidium militem ; (34) Sanson de Alretone dimidium 
militem; (35) Paganus filius Buchardi dimidium militem; 
(36) Adam de Prestone j militem ; (37) Willelmus Vavassur iij* 
partem militis ; (38) Willelmus de Novavilla viij milites, exceptis 
xx solidis quos annuatim reddit Henricus de Lascy; (39) Ro- 
bertus filius Lewini 2 v im partem dimidii militis ; (40) Eborardus 
frater ejus dimidium militem ; (41) Elyas filius Essulfi iiij am partem 
militis ; (42) Osbertus archidiacoriusT dimidium militem ; (43) 
Walterus Bardulf iiij 1 " 11 partem militis ; (44) Willelmus filius 
Geroldi iij am partem militis ; (45) Galfridus de Malquency v an * 
partem militis ; (46) Adam filius Petri j militem ; (47) Radulfus 
filius Nicholai j militem ;"(48) Ricardus de Tanga iiij am partem 
militis; (49) Filius Petri de Isla iiij am partem militis; (50) Ro- 
bertus de Gant j militem et dimidium. Ista sunt feoda que 
ceciderunt in manu H[enrici] de Lascy, scilicet iiij xx , 3 excepta 
iiij a parte i feodi. Et manifestum est quod (51) Templarii tenent 
feodum j militis, et (52) monachi de Ponte Fracto feodum j militis. 

During the Welsh campaign of 1165 Henry de Lascy served in person 
with all his knights.* In 1168 he was charged to the aid to marry the 
king's daughter ^29. 35-. $d. in respect of 43! fees of old feoflfment, and 
^13. js. 6d. in respect of 20^ fees of new feoffment. Guy de Laval was 
charged 20 marks in respect of his 20 fees of old feoffment, but half the 
sum was pardoned. 5 In the return of 1166 the total of the fees of old 
feoffment is treated as 60 in number, of which i is pardoned to Guy 
de Laval; they actually number i8 + 4o = 59j fees. The fees of new 
feoffment, including 2 held by the Templars and the monks of Pontefract, 
numbered 20^; but according to the return of 1166, there were 20 fees 
of new feoffment less a 4th part.* 

In December, 1202, Guy de Laval was in arms in Brittany against 
John. 7 Before 14 April, 1205, his land, belonging to the honor of Ponte- 
fract, had been granted to Roger, constable of Chester, 8 who had claimed 

1 Rectius " Ilebertus." " Lefwini " ; Lib. Nig. 



f 

6 id., 14 Hen. II, 88-89. * Red Bk., 424. 

1 R. Litt. Pat., zib, 26. R. Lift. Claus., i, 27. 



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200 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

it as his right in 1199, and had proffered 500 marks for having possession 
of it. 1 Subsequently the 20 knights' fees which Guy had held, were 
merged in the honor of Pontefract. 

To describe the feudal tenement of each of the 55 tenants of the fee of 
Henry de Lascy in 1166 would require too much space. Most of the fees 
which lay in Yorkshire are illustrated in this series of charters by grants 
made by the respective tenants. 

1509. Grant by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Kirkstall of the 
vaccary by La Roundhay, called Brakinley, pasture of La 
Roundhay and common rights of Winnemore for their grange 
of La Roundhay, and messuages at Went[bridge] on the west 
side of the bridge. 117 i~c. 1185. 

From the original, formerly in the poss. of Stephen Tempest of Broughton, 
esq. ; Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 32. Pd. in Man. AngL, v, 535, n. 12 ; 
Concher of Kirkstall) n. 151. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus de Laci, 
pro amore Dei et pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee et heredum 
meorum, 2 dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et 
monachis meis de Kirke[stal] in perpetuum vaccariam juxta La 
Rondehaiam 3 que appellatur Brakineleia et communitatem totius 
more que vocatur Winnemor, et pasturam de La Rundehaia 
omnibus averiis suis que pertinent ad grangiam suam de La 
Rundehaia ; et boscum de La Rundehaia, ad omnes usus suos 
apud prefatam grangiam tam ad ardendum quam ad edificandum 
et sepes faciendas, tenere de me et heredibus meis in purain et 
perpetuam elemosinam, libere et quiete ab omni servitio. Preterea 
dedi eis et hac eadem carta confirmavi unam acram terre in 
Wenet cum masagiis super eandem acram factis, quam Warinus 
Lorimer tenuit, ex occidentali parte pontis super ripam aque, 
tenendam de me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni servitio ; ita quod ego 
et heredes mei debemus warantizare et defendere et adquietare 
predictis monachis predictas terras et pasturas ubique et erga 
omnes homines imperpetuum. Concessi etiam et hac eadem carta 
confirmavi tam ipsis monachis quam omnibus hominibus suis qui 
manebunt super terras quas eis dedi quietantiam de theloneo et 
omni alia consuetudine super terram meam ubique et in omnibus 
locis. Testibus istis : Osberto archidiacono, Radulfo filio Nicholai, 
Roberto de Stapeletona, Willelmo de Bulli, Hiigone de Tilli, Adam 
de Reinevilla et Ricardo fratre ejus, Eudone de Lungvillers, 
Willelmo fratre ejus, Burnello, Helia camerario, Ricardo de 
Lewes, Gilberto de Lacy, Radulfo coco, Adam pincerna et aliis 
multis. 

1510. Confirmation by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Kirkstall of 
the gifts of Henry de Lascy his father, William de Reinevill, 
William de Heddingley, Sampson de Alreton, Roger de 

1 R. de Oblat., 26. * " nostrorum " : Chartul. a " Rundehaia " ; ib. 



LASCY FEE: ROUNDHAY, KIRKSTALL 2OI 

Wrangebroc, Henry le Walleys and William de Summervill. 
1177-^.1185. 

From the original, formerly (1655) in the possession of Richard Hartley of 
Barlewick Cotes 1 and afterwards of Ralph Thoresby of Leeds, esq. 2 ; 
Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 17. Pd. in Chartul. of Kirkstall, n. 68. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus 
quam futuris quod ego Robertus de Laceio, pro animabus patris 
et matris mee et omnium predecessorum meorum et pro salute 
anime mee et uxoris mee et heredum meorum, concede et hac 
mea carta confirmo Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirkestal 
in perpetuum donationem illam quam fecit eis pater meus 
Henricus de Laceio, videlicet ilium locum de Kirkestal et Bern- 
olviswic cum omnibus appendiciis eorum in boscho et piano, in 
pratis et pasturis, in aquis et in omnibus que ad easdem 
tenuras appendent, et Brachineliam vaccariam juxta Rundehaiam 
et pasturam, unam etiam marcam argenti de firma mea de 
Gliderhou annuatim die Assumptionis Sancte Marie ad vestiendum 
abbatem suum, et aliam dimidiam marcam de eadem firma et pre- 
dicto die ad unam lampadem ardentem inveniendam die noctuque 
in presentia sacrosancti corporis Domini nostri coram altare 
Sancte Marie in ecclesia de Kirkestal. Hec omnia eis concede 
et confirmo libera et soluta et quieta ab omni terreno servitio 
et seculari exactione et consuetudine, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam sicut carte patris mei eis testantur. Concede etiam 
eis et hac eadem carta confirmo donationem illam terre quam 
Willelmus de Reinevill et uxor ejus fecerunt eis per conventiones 
et divisas et metas quas ipse Willelmus e^s statuit et carta sua 
confirmavit. Concede etiam eis et confirmo donationem terre 
quam fecerunt 3 eis Willelmus de Heddingleia et uxor et filius ejus 
per conventiones et divisas et metas quas idem Willelmus fecit 
et statuit et sicut ipse et Robertus Peitevin dominus suus per 
cartas suas confirmaverunt. Concedo insuper eis et confirmo 
donationem quam fecit eis Sampson de Alretune per conventionem 
et divisas et metas quas idem Sampson eis fecit et statuit et 
carta sua confirmavit. Concedo etiam eis et hac eadem carta 
confirmo donationem terre quam eis fecerunt Rogerus de 
Wrangebroc et Henricus Wallensis in Secroft, et quadraginta 
duas acras terre in eadem villa quas dedit eis Willelmus de 
Sumervill cum pastura et carta sua confirmavit. Precor autem 
et precipio omnibus hominibus et ballivis meis quatinus hunc 
locum et habitatores ejus et omnia ad eos pertinentia diligant 
et honorificent ac manuteneant sicut nostra dominia. 4 His testi- 
bus, Galfrido Hageth, Adam de Reinevill, 6 Willielmo de Bulli, 
Burnello, Thoma filio Petri, Ivone de Longvill[ers]. 

1 The text is from a copy in Towneley's Transcr. from Mon. Chartul., p. 618. 
* Stevens' Continuation of Mon. Angl., ii, App., 249. 
3 " fecit " ; Chartul. * " mea demeing " ; Towneley. 

8 " Lawill," in Stevens ; " Lanvill," in Towneley. 



2O2 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1511. Grant by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Kirkstall of a 
messuage in Pontefract above the vivary which lies on the 
south side of his castle, for their lodging there ; and mandate 
to his bailiffs and men to protect the monks, their goods and 
their lodging, free from all demand for toll or custom. 1177- 
1188. 

Bodl. Lib., Yorks. chs., n. 2. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn 
presentibus quam futuris quod ego Robertus de Laci, pro 
animabus patris et matris mee et omnium antecessorum meorum 
et pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee et heredum meorum, 
dono et concedo et hac mea carta confirmo Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monachis meis de Kirkestal masagium unum in 
Pontefracto, super vivarium meum quod est ex parte australi 
castelli mei, ad hospitium habendum in eadem villa cum ibidem 
venire voluerint ; in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et 
quietam ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione. Quare 
precipio omnibus ballivis et hominibus meis ejusdem ville l 
[ut] protegant et custodiant et rnanuteneant tam monachos 
ipsos et res omnes eorum quam hospitium ipsum ad opus 
eorum ; ita ut nullus eos vel homines eorum qui in eodem 
hospitio manebunt vexet nee disturbet sive de teloneo seu de 
alia consuetudine que per eandem villam currit. His testibus, 
Hugone de Tilli et Roberto fratre ejus, Roberto de Meinil, 
Willelmo de Bulli, Gaufrido Hauselin, Ricardo clerico de 
Leues, Petro clerico, Rainaldo de Refham, Helia de Tange. 

Sea/ of green wax slightly broken, bearing the Lascy Fret 
Legend : [siGiLLVM ROBERTJi DE LACI ; on the reverse a 
head and the legend, CVSTOS SECRETI R DE * LY. 

1512. Grant by Ralph, abbot, and the convent of Kirkstall to Reiner 
de Pontefract of the messuage in Pontefract which Robert de 
Lascy gave them, to hold in fee for i stone of wax yearly 
for the lights of their church, and reserving lodging for them- 
selves whenever they happen to come to that town. 1177 
1188. 

Bodl. Lib., Yorks. chs., n. 5. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tam 
presentibus quam futuris quod ego Radulfus abbas de Kyrkestall 
et conventus ejusdem loci, communi consensu et consilio 
fratrum nostrorum, damus et concedimus et presenti scripto 
confirmamus Reinerio de Pontefracto et heredibus suis 
mesuagium nostrum in Pontefracto quod dedit nobis dominus 
Robertus de Laci pro hospitio habendo in eadem villa in 
puram elemosinam et carta sua confirmavit : perpetuo tenendum 

1 Hole in charter. 



LASCY FEE : PONTEFRACT, MARSDEN 203 

de nobis et de domo nostra in feodo et hereditate, cum omnibus 
libertatibus quas nobis et hominibus nostris in eodem mesuagio 
manentibus dominus Robertus predicta carta sua concessit; 
solvendo annuatim ad luminare ecclesie nostre unam petram cere 
ad Assumptionem Beate Marie pro omnibus servitiis que ad 
terram pertinent ; ita tamen quod hospitium in eodem mesuagio 
habebimus quando ad predictam villam venire voluerimus. 
In hujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum nostrum 
apposuimus. Teste conventu. 

Old Endorsement De tofto juxta Castellum. Nullo modo alienai[genis] 
est dat'. 

1513. Grant by Robert de Lascy to William (de Vescy) Fitz-Eustace 
his uncle, of i bovate in Great Marsden (co. Lane.), rendering 
a spur or \d. yearly at Pontefract. c.i 180-1193. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 40". Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 27. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus de Lasci dedi 
et concessi et hac mea presenti carta confirmavi Willelmo 
filio Eustachii, avunculo meo, pro servitio suo unam bovatam 
terre cum pertinentiis suis in Magna Merclesdene in feodo et 
hereditate, illam que fuit Gamelli filii Uhtredi inter Torphinum 
filium Elfuad et Hugonem filium Lefwin versus north de via, 
illi scilicet et heredibus suis vel cui post se dare voluerit, 
tenendam de me et heredibus meis solutam, liberam et quietam 
ab ornni consuetudine, in boscho, in piano, in pratis, in paschuis, 
in viis, in semitis et in omnibus communibus libertatibus et 
aisiamentis que ad liberam terram pertinent ad pascua 
habenda animalibus et averiis suis, reddendo annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis duo calcaria quatuor denariorum vel 
quatuor denarios ad festum Sancti Egidii apud Pontem- 
fractum pro omni servitio. Istam vero prenominatam terram 
ego et heredes mei warantizabimus prenominato Willelmo et 
successoribus suis contra omnes homines sicut hec mea 
carta testatur. Hiis testibus, Willelmo Painel, Eudone de 
Lungevilers, Willelmo fratre ejus, Roberto de Ferers, Gaufrido 
Hauselin, Moraunt de Turi, Alano vicecomite, Serlone de 
Mirefeld, Gibelot de Lasci, Roberto Noel, Petro de Brus, 
Rainero de Stivetun, Ricardo Noel, Hugone de Elande, 
Willelmo de Stapiltona, Willelmo filio Thome de Heddinglei 
et multis aliis. 

Robert, only son and heir of Henry de Lascy, is named in one of his 
father's charters, in which he confirmed a gift made by Jordan Foliot ; its 
date is 11601177. His mother is said to have been Aubreye, sister of 
William de Vescy, sometime parson of Barwick-in-Elmet. 1 

1 Man, AngL, v, 533^. Cf. Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 459. 



2O4 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1514. Grant by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Pontefract of 2 
bovates in Great Marsden (co. Lane.), which Gamel formerly 
held, with i toft. ^.1180-1193. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 2. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 8. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Robertas de Lasci 
salutem. Universitati vestre notum facio me, pro amore Dei et 
pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee et omnium antecessorum et 
heredum meorum, dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmasse Deo et Sancto Johanni et priori et monachis 
meis de Pontefracto duas bovatas terre in Majori Merkedenna, 
illas scilicet quas Uchtredus olim tenuit cum tofto et omnibus per- 
tinentiis et communibus aisamentis ejusdem ville, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, liberas et quietas ab omni seculari servitio 
et consuetudine ; et de illis feci illos saisiari per ballivum meum. 
Et illas predictas bovatas warentizabimus ego et heredes mei 
predictis monachis contra omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Adam 
de Reinewilla, Roberto de Ferreis, Willelmo de- Lungkevilers, 
Burnello, Hugone de Stapeltona, Willelmo filio Eustachii, 1 
Helya de Wlveleia, Gaufrido Hauselin, Henrico de Mungeia, 
Helia camberlano, Gilleberto de Lasci et multis aliis. 

1515. Grant by Robert de Lascy to Hugh son of Robert de Stapleton 
of 20 bovates in Great Horton, 14 bovates in Little Horton 
and 6 bovates in Clayton, to hold for the 3rd part of a 
knight's fee. 1177-1193. 

From the collections of John Hanson of Woodhouse, " in his red booke" ; 
Dodsw. MS. cxvii, f. I22< 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus de Lasci dedi 
et concessi et hac mea presenti carta confirmavi Hugoni filio 
Roberti de Stapletona quinque 2 carucatas terre in feodo et here- 
ditate, tenendas de me et heredibus meis etc. per servitium iij ie 
partis feodi unius militis, scilicet in Magna Hortona xx bovatas 
terre, in Parva Hortona xiv bovatas terre et in Claytona vi 
bovatas terre, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis etc. Hiis testibus : 
[Willelmo] Painell et [Adam] de Rainevilla. 

In the next century Roger de Cestria, son of Roger de Lascy, constable 
of Chester, gave to John the archer 4 bovates in Little Horton for the 
service of a pair of white steel spurs yearly. The tenement was later given 
to the monks of Kirkstall. 3 

1516. Confirmation by Robert de Lascy to the canons of Nostell of 
\ carucate in which their church is set above the vivary, the 
churches of Warmfield, Huddersfield, Batley, Rothwell, the 
land of Akenshaw, the land late of Otes in Chevet, 2 bovates 

1 De Vesci. * " iiii " ; MS. 

3 Coucher of Kirkstall, pp. xviii, 191, 366. 



LASCY FEE : MARSDEN, HORTON, NOSTELL 205 

in Hessle, i bovate in Heck (?) and the messuage which Hugh 
de Batley holds of them in Pontefract ; also the churches of 
South Kirkby and Featherston, a mill in Saxton given by 
Robert Le Peytevin, i bovate and the moiety of his ridding 
in Sharlston given by Malger de Sharlston. 1177-1193. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 14 (old p. 29). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Robertus de Laci salutem. 
Noverit universitas vestra me, pro salute anime mee et omnium 
antecessorum et heredum meorum, concessisse et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl' et 
canonicis regularibus ejusdem loci dimidiam carucatam terre in 
qua sita est ecclesia eorumdem canonicorum super vivarium, et 
ecclesiam de Warnefeld, et ecclesiam de Huderesfeld, et ecclesiam 
de Bateleia, et ecclesiam de Rowella, et totam terram de Akene- 
schage, salvo redditu meo quern inde soleo annuatim habere, 
scilicet quinque solidos pro omni servitio, et totam terram que 
fuit Hottonis in Chivet, et duas bovatas terre in Hesel, et unam 
bovatam terre in Hech, et unum masagium in Pontefracto quod 
Hugo de Bateleia de eis tenet, cum omnibus predictarum ecclesi- 
arum et terrarum pertinentiis sine retenemento ; et liberam suam 
electionem ad priores suos eligendos ; libere et quiete et honorifice, 
sine omni contradictione vel reclamatione de me et de heredibus 
meis, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab 
omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione et consuetudine de me 
et de heredibus meis et de omnibus hominibus. Preterea concedo 
et confirmo et quantum ad me et heredes meos pertinet do pre- 
dictis canonicis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam ecclesiam de 
Sukirkebi et ecclesiam de Fetherstan, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
earum. Confirmo etiam eis unum molendinum cum pertinentiis 
in Saxtona de dono Roberti Pictaviensis, et de dono Malgeri * 
unam bovatam terre cum pertinentiis suis in Scharuest[ona] et 
dimidiam sartam ipsius Malgeri, 2 et omnes alias terras, posses- 
siones sive redditus quos de me sive de hominibus meis adepti 
sunt vel imposterum adipisci poterunt. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1517. Grant by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Fountains of 
pasture in the forest of Marsden for 40 cows and their off- 
spring of 2 years, 30 oxen and hay for their support in winter. 
1177-1193. 

Chartul. of Fount. ; Tib. C. xii, f. 2i6rf(old f. 213^). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus de Laci dedi 
et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monachis de Fontibus, pro anima mea et anima patris 
mei et uxoris mee et predecessorum nostrorum, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, pasturam in foresto de Marchesdene ad 

1 Another confirmation of Robert de Lascy adds after Malgeri " de Scharvestona." 

2 ib., " in eadem villa " added. 



206 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

quadraginta vaccas et ad sequelam earum de duobis annis et ad 
triginta boves, et fenum ad ea sustinendum in hieme in eodem 
foresto. Hiis testibus, Sansone de [WJridleford, Eudone de 
Lungvilers, Willelmo fratre ejus, Ada de Rainevile, Thoma 
filio ejus, Willelmo gramatico, Roberto de Prestona, Roberto 
Walensi, Ada de Pristona, Aliano de Lungvilers, Galfrido Hau- 
selin, et multis allis. 

1518. Notitia of a fine levied in the court of Henry II in the 28th 
year of his reign (1182) between Robert de Lascy and Robert 
the chaplain, son of Wermund, concerning 2 bovates in 
Barwick-in-Elmet ; the right of Robert de Lascy. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 5. 

Finis levatus in curia regis Henrici secundi anno regni sui 
xxviij , inter Robertum de Lascy et Robertum capellanum filium 
Wermundi de duabus bovatis terre in Berwik ; pro dicto Roberto 
de Lascy. 

1519. Notitia of a fine levied in the court of the same king at 
Doncaster, in the 3oth year (1184) before Godfrey de Lucy, 
between Robert de Lascy and Henry, son of William the 
almoner; who released to Robert 4 bovates in Barwick-in- 
Elmet and 3 tofts in Pontefract. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. i, n. 36, m. 5. 

Finis levatus in curia ejusdem regis anno regni sui xxx mo 
coram Godefrido de Lucy et ceteris apud Donecastre, inter pre- 
dictum Robertum et Henricum filium Willelmi elemosinarii, 
videlicet quod idem Henricus quietas clamavit eidem Roberto 
et heredibus suis quatuor bovatas terre in Berewik et tres toftos 
in Pontefracto. 

1520. Grant by Robert de Lascy to Walter son of Asward de Grind- 
leton of 20 acres of land in Grubhall for $s. yearly at St. Giles. 
1177-1193. 

Kuerden's MS. (folio vol.), Chatham's Lib., Manchester, L., fol. 230. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Robertus de 
Lacy dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Waltero filio Aswardi de Grellinton et heredibus suis xx acras 
terre in Grubhale pro homagio et servitio suo, tenendas de me 
libere et quiete etc. reddendo per annum iii solidos ad festum 
Sancti Egidii. Testibus, Ada de Reinvalle, Roberto de Stapil- 
ton, Willelmo de Longvillers, Galfrido Hawslin, Alano de Kepeys, 
Ricardo de Seva (?), Elia de Tong, Alano Busel, Petro clerico, 
Ada filio Normanni, Gileberto de Lacy, Ivone de Longvillers. 



LASCY FEE : BARWICK, GRUBHALL, PONTEFRACT 207 

1521. Confirmation by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Pontefract 
of the tenement in Pontefract which Simon son of Robert gave 
to them. c. 1 185-1 193. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. zd. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 9. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Robertus de Lasci salutem. Notum sit universitati vestre me 
dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo 
et ecclesie Beati Johannis de Pontefracto totum tenementum 
quod Symon films Roberti habuit in Pontefracto infra villam et 
extra, pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee et predecessorum 
meorum, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam et liberam et quietam 
ab omni seculari servitio. Hiis testibus, Roberto Vavasour, 
Samsone de Wridlesf [ord] tune senescallo, Eudone de Lungvillers 
et Alano filio ejus, Ada de Reinevilla et Thoma filio ejus, Wil- 
lelmo de Lungvillers, Roberto Walensi, Ada de Prestona, W[il- 
lelmo] Gramatico et multis aliis. 

After the death of Robert de Lascy his lands were in the king's hands 
for some months towards the end of 1193 and beginning of 1194. Hugh 
Bardulf the sheriff accounted for the issues of Robert's lands as follows : 

Rents of lands and perquisites in cos. York and Lancaster for 
3 parts of the year during which he had the custody thereof 

^123. us. $d. 

Pasnage (or pawnage) of the same honor 6. i6s, &/. 

For corn sold 16. i$s. $d. 

For the chattels of the said Robert sold ,32. ijs. 

Total .180. os. S)d. 

In alms appointed to the monks of Pontefract 3cw. 

and to the monks of Kyrkestal 2os. 

and to the recluse (" inclusa ") of Gliderho mark. 

and to the canons of Pontefract castle 2cw. 

In tithes appointed to the parson of Gliderho i6s. 8</. 

In repair of 2 bridges of Pontefract castle 35 s. 

and for the repair of the walls of Gliderho by the king's 

writ 4OJ. 

In allowance of 5 knights residing in the castle of Gliderho for 

80 days, lid. each per diem, by the king's writ 20. 

and in allowance of 1 5 Serjeants each with a horse there for 

40 days, 4</. each per diem, by the king's writ ,10- 

In allowance of 5 knights residing in the castle of Pontefract 

for 40 days, by the king's writ ^10. 

and in allowance of 7 Serjeants each with a horse for 39 days, 

by the king's writ ^4. nj. 

The accountant paid into the treasury ^91. 3^. gd. 

and to the king in his chamber ^126. i$s. ^d. 

He recouped himself for what he had over spent in taking 20 

in the ensuing year from the account of the abbey of Whitby 

and in the 1st year of John's reign from the account of" West- 

merieland." 1 

Garrisons were placed in the castles of Pontefract and Clitheroe in con- 
sequence of the rebellion of the king's unruly brother, John count of 
Mortain. 

1 Pipe R., 6 Ric. I, Ebor. 



2O8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1522. Final agreement made in the king's court at Winchester, 21 
April, 5 Richard I (1194), between Albreda de Lisours and 
Roger, constable of Chester, her grandson, concerning the land 
late of Robert de Lascy, which Albreda released to Roger, 
and he granted to her that she should hold the land late 
of Robert de Lisours, her father, for her life for the service 
of 8 knights, and that William her son should thereafter 
hold it. 1194. 

Duchy of Lane., Gt. Cowcher, ii, no. Pd. in Ormerod's Hist, of Cheshire 
(ed. Helsby), i, 695. 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud 
Wintoniam xxi die Aprilis, anno regni domini regis Ricardi 
quinto, coram domino rege et Huberto Cantuariensi archi- 
episcopo, Willelmo Eliensi episcopo, domini regis cancellario, 
Hugone Dunelmensi, G[ilberto] Roffensi episcopis, Willelmo de 
Sancte Marie ecclesia, Rannulfo comite Cestrie, comite R[ogero] 
le Bigot, Willelmo mareschallo, Gaufrido filio Petri, Hugone 
Bard[ulf] et aliis fidelibus domini regis qui tune ibi aderant ; 
inter Albredam de Lisores et Rogerum constabularium Cestrie, 
nepotem suum, de tola terra que fuit Roberti de Lasci, unde 
placitum fuit inter eos in curia domini regis : scilicet quod pre- 
dicta Albreda et heredes sui quietam clamaverunt predicto Rogero 
et heredibus suis totam prenominatam terram que fuit Roberti 
de Lascy ; et predictus Rogerus concessit predicte Albrede quod 
teneat totam terram que fuit Roberti de Lisores, patris ipsius 
Albrede, sine aliquo retenemento, tota vita sua bene et in pace 
per servitium quod ad illam terram pertinet, scilicet servitium 
feodorum octo militum, et post decessum suum Willelmus filius 
prefate Albrede et heredes sui terram illam tenebunt libere et 
quiete per predictum servitium de predicto Rogero et heredibus 
suis in feodo et hereditate. Preterea prefatus Rogerus dedit 
predicte Albrede viginti libratas terre in Dardintona, 1 quas ipsa 
Albreda tota vita sua tenebit quietas ab omni servitio et post 
decessum suum Willelmus filius suus et heredes sui eandem 
terram tenebunt de predicto Rogero et heredibus suis in feodo 
et hereditate per servitium feodi unius militis ; et pro concessione 
harum viginti libratarum terre predicta Albreda continuo de- 
liberavit et quietam clamavit predicto Rogero villam de Hauton 
in Lindeseia cum omnibus pertinentiis suis quam in dotem tenu- 
erat. 

Albreda de Lisours was living at Michaelmas term, 1200, when the 
prior of the hospital of Jerusalem released to her and William her son 
his right in the church of Flawford, co. Nott., which John de Cestria (i.e. 
De Lascy) had given to him. 2 The fee of Robert de Lascy comprised the 
honors of Pontefract and Clitheroe with Bowland ; that of Robert de 
Lisours comprised Sprotborough with the members. 

1 " Bardinton" in Hist, of Chesh. * Abbrev. Placit., 28. 



LASCY FEE : BOROUGH OF PONTEFRACT 2OQ 

1523. Grant of Roger de Lascy, constable of Chester, to his 
burgesses of Pontefract of free burgage and the liberties and 
free laws which the king's burgesses of Grimsby enjoy. 6 
June, 1194. 

From the original in the possession of the mayor and corporation of the 
borough of Pontefract. Pd. in Hist. MSS. Com., viii, App., p. 269. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerus de Lasci, con- 
stabularius Cestrie, dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi burgensibus meis de Ponte-fracto et heredibus et suc- 
cessoribus suis libertatem et liberum burgagium et toftos suos 
tenendos de me et heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, libere et 
quiete, honorifice et integre, reddendo annuatim mihi vel here- 
dibus meis xii cim denarios pro quolibet tofto integro, sicut fecerunt 1 
in tempore Henrici de Laci pro omnibus servitiis, reddendo 
medietatem firme ad mediam Quadragesimam et medietatem ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis. Preterea concessi et confirmavi pre- 
fatis burgensibus meis et successoribus suis libertates et liberas 
leges quibus utuntur burgenses domini regis de Grimesbi, que 
tales sunt : Quilibet burgensis poterit terram suam dare vel 
vendere cui voluerit nisi religioni, salva firma domini, et intrabit 
placitum et reddet terram in manu pretoris ad opus domini et 
dabit unum denarium de theoloneo et pretor dabit terram emptori 
de dono 2 domini quietam ab omnibus, et emptor dabit similiter 
unum denarium. Quicunque emerit aliquam partem alicujus 
tofti et saisiatus fuerit, sicut prescriptum est, adeo liber est sicut 
totum toftum emeret. Siquis habuerit plures domos in tofto suo 
et locaverit eas aliquibus, liberi erunt vendere [et] emere omnia 
mercimonia, sed dabit quatuor denarios pretori per annum. Qui 
in capitali domo manserit, quietus erit et liber sicut burgensis 
esset. Quicumque forisfecerit in burgo predicto, ibi attachiatus 
erit et juri stabit per judicium in curia. Prefati vero burgenses 
non exibunt de burgo suo pro aliquo placito vel pro aliqua querela 
nisi tamen pro placitis corone. Quum pretor pacaverit domino 
firmam burgi ad festum Sancti Michaelis removebit ilium dominus 
et ponet quemcunque voluerit, sed burgenses propriores erunt si 
tantum dare voluerint quantum alii. Qui aliquem rectaverit de 
aliquo delicto in placito coram pretore, quod injuste et absque 
ratione et in pace illi forisfecerit, et ille negaverit injuriam et non- 
rationem et pacem et quicquid dixerit versus eum bonum dedit 
responsum, qui negaverit injuriam vel irrationem vel pacem et 
non fuerit culpatus de aliqua istarum, judicabitur in jura 3 pretoris 
et per forisfactum recuperabit responsum suum. Qui nominatim 
verba in negatione sua negare ceperit et non omnia nominatim 
negaverit, cadit et per forisfactum responsum suum recuperabit. 
Forisfactum burgensium finietur per duodecim legales homines 
ad hoc electos, si pretor aliquem gravare voluerit. Nullus bur- 

1 "fuerunt"; MS. * "dono " repeated. 3 Qy. curia. 

Ill O 



2IQ EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

gensium dabit forisfactum pro prima supersessione, sed pro 
secunda nisi diem sanare potent. Quilibet burgensis suum pro- 
prium namium plegiabit nisi .rectatus fuerit de corona domini 
regis vel dimiserit proprium plegium incurrere. Si serviens pre- 
toris locutus fuerit versus burgensem, non respondebit sine teste. 
Si burgensis rectatus fuerit de pare suo de sanguinis effusione 
vel de ictu et negaverit, jurabit se sexto, si non de sanguine 
jurabit se tertio. Si alius quam burgensis a burgense de eodem 
rectatus fuerit, jurabit se duodecimo. Quisque burgensium 
tenetur alteri respondere sine teste et non forensi nisi de facto 
apparente vel de debito. Burgensis si de pari sacramentum ac- 
ceperit nisi de debito in forisfacto erit ; si de altero quam de 
pari quietus erit. Si forinsecus a burgense sacramentum ac- 
ceperit in maximo forisfacto erit. Si forinsecus debitum de- 
buerit alicui burgensium, licet ei omni die septimane capere 
namium super ilium sine licentia pretoris nisi in nundinis Sancti 
Egidii. Si namium alicujus burgensis captum fuerit super alium, 
judicatus erit prima die ire ad liberandum illud propriis expensis, 
quod si facere noluerit per proprium ire namium. Qui theloneum 
domini asportaverit in forisfacto remanebit, tali scilicet pro 
quadrante quinque solidos et quadrantem, pro obolo decem 
solidos et obolum, pro tribus quadrantibus quindecim solidos et 
tres quadrantes, pro denario viginti solidos et denarium. Cuique 
licet in terra sua quelibet officina facere ad perficiendam firmam 
domini. Quicunque aliud negaverit vel concesserit quam hoc de 
quo rectatus fuerit, in forisfacto remanebit. Omnis burgensis 
poterit ducere annonam per aquam et per terram quocunque 
voluerit et omnia alia mercimonia sine consuetudine et occasione, 
nisi prohibetur a domino vel ballivis suis. Non tenemur l re- 
spondere cuiquam de aliquo tenemento nostro 2 in quo saisiti 
fuimus 3 per manum pretoris et tenuimus 4 per unum annum 
integrum et unum diem sine calumpnia. Si citatus aliquis in 
placito nostro dum alibi fuerit in negotio suo quietus erit de 
diebus sanandis cum redierit. Si aliquis burgensis 5 rectatus 
fuerit de latrocinio ab aliquo, nos judicabimus eum 6 in burgo 
nostro, assistente nobiscum serviente domini, faciente [ejus] 
legem una vice cum tricesima sexta manu. 7 Si alia vice rectatus 
fuerit vel per duellum vel per aquam legaverit se. Nulla femina 
[habejat consuetudinem in burgo nostro pro cerevisia vendenda. 
Preterea dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
eisdem burgensibus meis de Ponte-fracto et heredibus et suc- 
cessoribus suis quietanciam de omni theoloneo et consuetudine 

1 The inspeximus of Henry de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, made in 1278, reads : 
" Prefati burgenses non tenentur " ; Hist. MSS. Com., viii, App., 270. 

1 "suo"; ill. * "fuerint"; ib. * "tenuerint"; ib. 

8 " burgensis" omitted ; ib. 

"nos "omitted ; "judicabitur " ; ib. 

7 " in curia burgensi secundum legem et consuetudines de Grimesby " ; ib. 



LASCY FEE : PONTEFRAGT, CLIVIGEK 2 1 I 

per totam terram meam pertinentem ad castel[a]riam Pontis- 
fracti et ad castel[a]riam de Gliderho. Et pro ista donatione et 
concessione libertatis habende et firmiter tenende dederunt mihi 
prefati burgenses mei de Ponte-fracto ccc marchas argenti. .Hiis 
testibus : Huberto Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo, comite 
Rogero Bigot, Willelmo de Sancte Marie ecclesia, Willelmo 
de Warenna, Radulfo archidiacono Herefordensi, 1 Ricardo de 
Herriet, Simone de Pateshilla, Hugone Peveril, Osberto filio 
[Hervei], Ricardo de Cestria, Hugone de Bobi, Rogero de 
Bavent, 2 Radulfo filio Radulfi, Waltero de Bovint[ona], Alano 
de Sinderbi, Thoma filio Thome, Roberto le Vavassur, Gal- 
frido 3 de Duttona, Roberto Valensi, Galfrido 3 de Reinevilla, 
Johanne de Birkina, Yvune de Lunvilers, 4 Thoma de Renvilla. 
Datum vi mensis Junii, apud Westmonasterium, coram justi- 
c[iar]iis domini regis Ricardi, anno quinto coronationis ejusdem. 

1524. Filial agreement made in the court of Roger de Lascy, 
' constable of Chester, at Clitheroe, 7 Richard I (1195-96), 
between Henry de Heland and Robert de Clivercher, hunts- 
man, concerning 3 bovates in Cliviger (co. Lane.), namely 
that the said Robert shall hold these 3 bovates for life and 
after his decease his daughter Margery shall hold i bovate of 
the said Henry, to whom the remaining 2 bovates shall then 
revert. 1195-1196. 
Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 550?. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 274. 

CYKOGRAFHUM. Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia 
domini Rogeri de Laci, constabularii Cestrie, anno vii mo regni 
regis Ricardi Anglic, apud Gliderhou, inter Henricum de Helande 
et Robertum de Clivecher 5 venatorem, coram domino Rogero 
de Laci, constabulario Cestrie, et fratre Roberto filio Ricardi, 
avunculo domini R[ogeri] de Laci, et Eustachio fratre suo et 
Willelmo de Vesci et Roberto Walensi, tune temporis dapifero, 
et Willelmo de Lungvil[lers] et Alano de Lungvil[lers] et Wil- 
lelmo de Bello Monte et Reinero de Stivetuna et Henrico de 
Blakeburna et Helia de Billingduna et Hugone de Mittuna et 
Henrico de Plesigtuna et Hugone de Helande, de tribus bovatis 
terre in Clivecher 5 cum pertinentiis suis quas Robertus venator 
tenet, scilicet quod idem tenebit illas predictas bovatas terre in 
Clivecher tota vita sua libere, reddendo inde prefato Henrico 
de Helande xii denarios annuatim ad festum Sancti Oswaldi 
et faciendo forinsecum servitium, salvo toto profectu ad opus 
prescripti Henrici de Helande quemcumque consequi poterit in 
aquis et molendinis de eodem tenemento, excepta molatura pro- 
prie domus predicti Roberti venatoris quam quietam habebit in 

1 " Radulfo episcopo de Herforth " ; ib. 

2 "Pavent"; MS. 3 "Aldreda"; MS. 

* "Luveners"; ib. 6 "Clivercher"; Chartul. 



212 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

vita sua. Post decessum vero prenominati Roberti venatoris 
due bovate de illis tribus bovatis terre remanebunt sole et quiete 
Henrico de Heland et heredibus suis ab illo et heredibus suis ; 
et tertia bovata terre remanebit Margerie tilie sepedicti Roberti 
venatoris et heredibus predicte Margerie, reddendo inde annu- 
atim predicto Henrico et heredibus suis iiii or denarios ad festum 
Sancti Oswaldi et faciendo forinsecum servitium. Et quia 
predictus Robertus venator et heredes sui nullum clamum 
ulterius facere vel habere de predicta terra poterunt, hanc con- 
ventionem, ut rata et stabilis perseveret, ex utraque parte sigilli 
sui appositione confirmaverunt. 

Richard de Eland ("Jeland") was amerced in 1166 for a plea of the 
crown which had been concealed by the wapentake court of Morley. 1 
Henry, son of Richard de Heland, gave to the monks of Kirkstall his land 
in Cliviger, being I carucate, which he held of Hugh de Heland his brother, 
with his natives and their chattels and sequel. 2 Roger de Lascy, constable 
of Chester, confirmed the gift, by charter attested by Roger de Montebegon, 
Adam de Button, then seneschal (of Clitheroe), Eudes de Lungvillers, 
William de Lungvillers, William de Stapleton, Thomas the dispenser, 
William de Beaumont, William de Notion, Ralph de Montfichet, Geoffrey 
de Dutton, Geoffrey dean (of Whalley), Peter chaplain, William de Bavill 
(sic) and Stephen de Hamerton. 3 The gift was made before 1202, when 
Henry de " Elande " was dead and Alice his wife was claiming dower 
against Robert de Sandal in lands which William de Horbiri and Roger de 
Thorinton were bound to warrant to him. 4 The warrantors gave her dower, 
i.e. her third, in \2s. ^\d. of rent in Criggleston, in the service of 6 bovates 
in Dewsbury which Thomas son of Adam then held, in the service of \ 
carucate in Hipperholme (" Yperum ") which Robert de Liversegge then 
held, in the service of 4 bovates in Hipperholme which Gilbert de Lascy 
and Agnes his wife then held, and in the service of 2 bovates in North 
Owram which Adam son of Edusa then held. 5 Prior to 1202 Roger de 
Lascy had given to his kinsman, Gilbert de Lascy, Agnes daughter of 
John de Owram (" Huueprum") with a 6th part of Rochdale, co. Lane.; 8 
and between 1202 and 1211 he gave the daughter of Robert de Liversegge, 
then deceased, to Robert de Flamesburch with another 6th part of Roch- 
dale. As another 6th part was held in 1212 by Roger de Thorinton and 
Thomas de Horbiri, it not only appears that Thomas de Horbiri had 
succeeded his father William de Horbiri, but that Roger de Thorinton and 
William de Horbiri were two of the heirs general of Henry de Eland, Robert 
de Liversegge and John de Hipperholme being the others, and that the said 
Henry had held half of Rochdale, namely 4 carucates, for 6os. rent of Roger 
de Lascy, constable of Chester. The other moiety of Rochdale was held 
in 1 2 12 by Hugh de Eland (brother of Henry), who had 3 carucates and 
2 bovates for 48^. rent, and the monks of Stanlaw the remaining 6 bovates, 
by the gift of Roger de Lascy and possibly of the said Hugh de Eland. 7 
As both Rochdale, Elland and South Owram were held T.R.E. by " Gamel," 
there is a strong presumption that the Ellands were his lineal descendants. 

1525. Confirmation by Roger de Lascy, constable of Chester, to the 
monks of Byland of all their lands of his fee in Denby, 

1 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. * Chartul. of K., n. 275. 

3 ih., n. 273. Yorks. Fines, n. 36. 

1 ib. Testa, 403^. 7 i6. 



LASCY FEE: BYLAND, ALLERTON 213 

Briestwisle, Clayton, Flockton, Allerton (near Bradford), 
Crossley (?), West Bretton, Wilsden, Withacres (?), Windhill 
(in Woolley), Woolley, Moor Houses (in Woolley ?) and 
Mershaw (?). 1193-1211. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 56 ; Chartul. of Byland, f. 86, s.t. Allerton. 

Notum sit omnibus hominibus presentibus et futuris quod 
ego Rogerus de Lascy, constabularius Cestrie, concessi et hac 
carta mea confirmavi Deo et abbati et monachis de Bellalanda 
et successoribus omnes terras suas quas habent in Denby, 
Breretwisell, C[l]aiton, Flocton, Allerton, Crosseby, West Bretton, 
Wlsiden, Withakres, Wyndhill', Wlveley, Morehuses, et Mer- 
schaw, et in aliis locis de feodo quod pertinet ad me et heredes 
meos. Unde volo et precipio quod died monachi teneant sibi 
et suis successoribus omnes predictas terras suas bene, quiete 
et in pace, in liberam, propriam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
sine omni servitio preter quod orabunt pro anima mea et omnium 
antecessorum et heredum meorum imperpetuum. Ut autem hec 
mea confirmatio rata sit in perpetuum illam roboravi impressione 
sigilli mei. Testes sunt, Robertus Walensis tune seneschallus 
meus, Adam de Pontefracto camerarius l et Thomas dispensarius, 
Colinus de Quatermars, Umphredus capellanus meus, Hugo de 
Sancto Edwardo, et alii. 

1526. Final agreement made in the court of Roger de Lascy, 
constable of Chester, at Pontefract, 22 September, 3 John 
(1201), between Hervey de Lofthus and the abbot and monks 
of Kirkstall, concerning 2 carucates in (Chapel) Allerton, 
whereof a duel was waged and struck in the said court ; 
namely Henry by rod and staff surrendered his right in the 
land, for which the abbot and monks gave him 6 marks. 1201. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 29^; St. Mary's Tower records; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 47. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 136. 

Hec est finalis concordia inter Herveium de Lofth[us] peten- 
tem et abbatem et monachos de Kirk[estal] tenentes facta in 
curia Rogeri de Laci, constabularii Cestrie, anno iii regni regis 
J[ohannis], xxii die Septembris, apud Pontemfractum, coram 
Roberto Waleis tune seneschallo, Willelmo filio Willelmi, Jordano 
de Sancta Ma[ria], Johanne de Birechin, Adam de Reinewill, 
Willelmo Gramat[ico], Samsone de Wri[de]lesf[or]d, Willelmo 
de Stapeltona, et aliis fidelibus domini regis, de duabus carrucatis 
terre cum pertinentiis suis in Alretona quas prenominatus 
H[erveius] clamavit versus predictum abbatem et monachos 
per breve justiciariorum in predicta curia, unde duellum invadi- 
atum et adjudicatum fuit in eadem curia : videlicet quod predictus 
H[erveius] in prefata curia per fustum et bastonem reddidit pre- 

1 "camerario . . . et aliis" in MS. 



214 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

dicto abbati et monachis totum jus et clamum quod ipse vel 
antecessores sui unquam habuerunt in predictis carrucatis, 
quietum et solutum de se et de omnibus heredibus suis in per- 
petuum. Et quod ipse et heredes sui nunquam clamum vel 
calumpniam movebunt versus predictum abbatem et monachos de 
predictis carrucatis terre neque de aliquibus earum pertinentiis. 
Hanc concordiam fideliter et sine dolo tenendam idem H[erveius] 
in eadem curia, tactis sacrosanctis Ewangeliis, juravit. Et pro 
hac quieta clamantia abbas de Kirk[estal] et monachi dederunt 
sepedicto H[erveio] vi marcas argenti. Hiis testibus, Rogero de 
Laci, constabulario Cestrie, Eustachio et Galfrido fratribus ejus, 
Hugone dispensatore, Thoma f rat re ejus, Thoma de Ranervilla, 
Eudone de Longvillers, Willelmo de Lethele. 

At a later date Hervey de Lofthus was the tenant of 2 carucates under 
William Samson or his father, Adam (son of William de Lofthus). 1 William 
Samson confirmed the land with Hervey's service to the monks of Kirkstall, 2 
together with land in Pudsey. Samson de Alreton had been amerced in 
1 166 on account of a double duel waged in the court of Malger the clerk 
in the wapentake of Skyrack. 3 

1527. Grant by Jordan Foliot I to the monks of Pontefract of the 

I. 4 West mill of Norton, for which they shall render yearly \ mark 

to the chapel of Norton. Given on the morrow of Christmas, 

being the day of St. Stephen the Martyr, with the consent and 

attestation of Henry de Lascy. 1159-1170. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 26. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 89 ; Man. Angl., v, 126, n. 18. 

Notum sit omnibus presentibus et futuris filiis sancte matris 
ecclesie quod ego Jordanus Folioth donavi et concessi et hac mea 
carta confirmavi pro remedio anime mee et antecessorum et 
heredum meorum ad tenendum de me et de heredibus meis in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam West molendinum de Nortuna 
Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto, de quo 
molendino monachi persolvent dimidiam marcam unoquoque anno 
capelle de Nortuna. Hoc molendinum et sedem molendini cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis donavi eis et concessi et hac mea carta 
confirmavi in crastino Nathalis Domini, die Sancti Stephani pro- 
thomartyris, qua die monachi mihi dederunt pelliceam unam de 
recognitione et testimonio. Teste Henrico de Lasceyo, cujus 
consensu et concessione hoc actum est. Testibus, Willelmo Foliot, 
Ottone de Tilli, Osberto archidiacono tune dapifero Hugonis de 
Tilli, Willelmo de Bulli, Bertramo filio Willelmi de Fristuna, 
Adam de Prestuna, Thoma_filio^ Petri, Roberto Barbo, Willelmo 

1 Dodsw. MS. viii, 470?. Also named Adam son of William son of Samson de 
Alreton ; Cone her of Jf., n. 132. 

* Coucher of A"., n. 150 ; Miscel., Thoresby Soc., iv, 46. 
3 Pipe >?., 12 Hen. II, 46. 

* For the meaning of the sectional marks see n. 1508 above. 



LASCY FEE: NORTON, BAGHILL 215 

de Leileya, Thoma filio Thome, Hugone de Strettuna, Henrico de 
Dai et Radulfo fratre suo, Rogero Pictavensi, Adam Pictavensi, 
Rogero de Suinlingtona, Roberto camerario, Roberto dispen- 
satore, Ricardo Barbo, Aschetillo de Lunda, Jordano de Ledestuna 
et fratribus, Thoma de Monte et Michaele filio ejus, Roberto 
skirmisore, Fulcone Franceis, Jordano de Rouecestre, Waltero 
Flandrensi, Henrico medico. 

1528. Grant by Jordan Foliot I, with the consent of Beatrice his wife, 
to the monks of Pohtefract of the West mill of Norton with 
the onset and a toft of i acre and the soke of the mill, subject 
to a yearly rent of mark to the chapel of Norton ; confirma- 
tion also of i carucate in Baghill, in Pontefract, which 
William Foliot, his father, gave them. For this the monks 
gave him 10 marks and the rain-cape of a monk. 1159-1170. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 26. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 90 ; Mon. Angl., v, 126, n. 19. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Jordanus Foliot, consilio 
et consensu Beatricis uxoris mee, pro remedio anime mee 1 et 
antecessorum et heredum meorum concessi et donavi et hac mea 
carta confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Johanni et 
monachis de Pontefracto West molendinum de Nortuna cum 
sede ipsius molendini, et insuper toftum unius acre inter molen- 
dinum et gardinum juxta viam del North, cum omnibus ad ipsum 
molendinum pertinentibus, ad habendum et possidendum in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam de me et de heredibus meis 
libere, solute et quiete de omni seculari servitio, cum saca et 
seuta ejusdem molendini ; de quo molendino predict! monachi 
dabunt annuatim dimidiam marcam argenti capelle de Nortuna 
in festo Sancti Dionisii. Confirmavi etiam predictis monachis per 
hanc cartam unam carrucatam terre in Pontefracto in Baghil, 
quam terram pater meus Willelmus Foliot eis donavit in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. In testimonio confirmationis harum 
elemosinarum dederunt mihi predicti monachi x marcas argenti 
et cappam monachi pluvialem. Testibus Beatrice uxore mea, 
Roberto de Pirou fratre de Templo, Roberto de Bulli, Petro de 
Gipestuna, 2 fratre Willelmo de Hyrst, Kabiol rotore, Willelmo 3 
Bardolf, Jurdano et Waltero de Ledestuna, Randulfo filio Siward, 
Ottone filio Roberti de Builli, Ricardo de Hacatorn, Johanne Puer, 
Michaele filio Thome, 4 Willelmo Man, Radulfo Buche, Alexandra 
pistore, Hugone Paildecerf. 

The gift of William Foliot of i carucate in Pontefract was confirmed by 
archbishop Theobald, circa 1153-1154. The attestation of Robert de 
Pirou and brother William of Hirst point to a date for the issue of this 

1 omission in Mon. Angl. * omission in Mon. Angl. 

3 "de"; MS. * i.e. " de Monte." 



2l6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

charter not many years after 1152. Early in the I3th century Jordan 
Foliot III confirmed to Pontefract the gifts made by his ancestors, as the 
charter of Jordan II, his father, testified. 1 This seems to be a reference 
to the succeeding charter of confirmation, which bears evidence of having 
been issued at the same time as the grant of Jordan I. The late Mr. 
Richard Holmes gave a pedigree of Foliot in his edition of the Chartulary 
of Pontefract; but he omitted Jordan II, and consequently made Jordan 
III, 1 who was living circa 1240, and whose son Richard appears to have died 
in I2Q9, 3 son of Jordan and Beatrice, whose era was during the reigns of 
Stephen and Henry II. 

1529. Confirmation by Jordan Foliot II to the canons of Nostell 
of the mill of Norton which (Jordan) his father had given. 
1159-1170. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. 
viii, f. 197. 

Jordanus Foliot omnibus amicis et omnibus hominibus suis 
et omnibus filiis sancte ecclesie salutem. Sciatis omnes me con- 
cessisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi de Nostlac et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus molen- 
dinum de Nortona quod pater meus eis prius dederat in elemo- 
sinam, cum homine et terra adjacente eidem molendino, pro 
salute sua et anime matris mee que ibi sepulta est. Quare volo 
et firmiter precipio heredibus meis, pro salute anime mee et pro 
salute eorundem parentum et antecessorum et heredum meorum, 
quatinus supradicta ecclesia hanc elemosinam nostram teneat 
bene et honorifice, quiete et libere, sicut puram elemosinam, et 
hoc facio sicut pater meus fecit, salva multura de propria domi- 
nica et de dominicis carucis meis in Nortona. His testibus, 
Henrico de Laceio de cuj'us feodo est, Osberto archidiacono, 
Otho de Tilli, Willelmo de Builli, et Roberto fratre ejus, Toma 
filio Petri et Radulfo Filigura. 

Sketch of part of the seal of J. Foliot : " on horseback, sword and 
shield, yellow wax, dusky e" 

1530. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy, with the consent of Robert 
his son, to the monks of Pontefract of the west mill in Norton 
which Jordan Foliot I gave to them. -^.1160-1177. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 3. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 12. 

Henricus de Laceio omnibus hominibus suis Francis et Anglis 
et omnibus fidelibus salutes. Sciatis quod donationem West- 
molendini quod situm est in feudo meo in Nortun, quam dona- 
tionem Jordanus Folioth fecit monachis meis de Pontefracto, ego 
firmiter concede et confirmo eisdem monachis per hanc cartam 

1 Chartul., n. 91. * Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 296. 

3 Cal. of Inq.p.m., iii, nos. 277, 538. 



LASCY FEE: NORTON, PONTEFKACT 217 

meam et per hoc sigillum meum eandem donationem et idem 
molendinum et sedem molendini cum omnibus pertinentiis suis ad 
habendum in bene 1 et in pace, libere, solute et quiete, sicut decet 
puram et perpetuam [elemosinam], concedente et testante Roberto 
de Laceio filio meo. Testantibus etiam, Willelmo de Bulli et 
Thoma filio Petri, Willelmo de Munbegone, Burnello dapifero 
comitis de Warenne, Rogero Gros presbitero, Hugone diacono et 
Henrico de Munjai. 

1531. Grant by Jordan Foliot I to the brethren of the Temple of 
Jerusalem of a toft with meadow-land by the ford and 3 acres 
of land in the fields of Norton, with easements of that town. 
1160-1170. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. 
viii, f. 1 88. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris quam pre- 
sentibus Jordanus Foliot salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et con- 
cessisse et hac mea carta confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et 
fratribus Templi de Jerusalem unum toftum cum prato sicut 
vadum proportat usque ad terram Hudkel et totam terram quam 
Herebertus Hirst tenuit in campis de Nortona pro tribus acris, 
plenarie et integre cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in bosco et piano 
et in pasturis et in omnibus aliis aisiamentis que ad predictam 
villam pertinent, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
libere et quiete ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione, pro 
salute anime mee et patris et matris et heredum meorum et 
omnium amicorum et antecessorum meorum. Hiis testibus, 
Hugone Foliot fratre meo, Roberto de Builli, [ ] et Ottone 
filiis suis, Willelmo de Builli, Willelmo filio Walding' et Henrico 
et Ottone filiis suis, Petro de Giptun, Toma filio ejus, Lamberto 
medico de Eboraco, Henrico tilio Jordanni^oiiot, Radulfo Buche, 
Hugone Pelle Cervi, Besing', Godwino pretore, Suano pretore, 
Alexandro pistore, et ceteris. 

A drawing of the seal. 

1532. Grant by Jordan Foliot II (?) to the monks of Pontefract of 
a toft in Pontefract. 1180-1190. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 26. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 88 ; Man. Angl., v, 125, n. 17. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Jordanus Foliot concessi 
et donavi et confirmavi hac carta mea et hoc meo sigillo Deo et 
Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, pro remedio anime mee et antecessorum meorum 
toftum qui fuit Asgeri, qui situs est inter toftum quondam Cristiani 

1 Sic. 



2l8 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

et toftum qui fuit Hugonis filii Bondi. Hujus rei testes sunt 
Robertus de Bulli, Thomas filius Petri, Petrus de Giptuna, 
Ricardus Cardinal, Adam presbiter et Arnaldus filius ejus, 
Gilbertus de Lascy, Eustachius de Ettun, Jordanus 1 et Rainaldus 
et Rogerus fratres ejus, Michael filius Thome, Hugo filius Onni, 
Radulfus filius Willelmi aurifabri, Radulfus filius Hugonis filii 
Serlonis, Adam filius Serici, Ricardus de Hactorn. 

1533. Grant by Henry Foliot, for the soul of Richard Bagot, to the 
canons of Nostell of the mill of Shafton, which he will hold of 
the canons for his life for \zd. yearly rent. 1155-1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 62oT(old p. 140). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn clericis quam laicis 
et omnibus heredibus suis Henricus Foliot salutem. Sciatis 
omnes quod ego Henricus Foliot do et concede et presenti carta 
confirmo Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, pro anima patris et matris mee et omnium parentum 
meorum, molendinum de Scaftona in puram et liberam et 
perpetuam elemosinam, et pro anima Ricardi Bagot. Ego vero 
tenebo idem molendinum de canonicis in vita mea reddendo 
annuatim ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis duodecim denarios 
ad festum Sancti Oswaldi. Quare volo ut post decessum meum 
libere teneant predictum molendinum quietum ab omni seculari 
servitio. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1534. Confirmation by William Foliot to the canons of Nostell of 
the mill of Shafton, which Henry his brother gave, with the 
parish which belonged to the mill at the time of the gift. 
1155-1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 57^ (old p. 130), f. 6zd (old p. 140). 

Willelmus Foliot omnibus heredibus suis et omnibus fidelibus 
salutem. Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri omnes qui has 
literas viderint vel audierint me Willelmum Foliot concessisse et 
presenti scripto confirmasse Deo et Sancto Oswaldo et canonicis 
de Sancto Oswaldo molendinum de Scaftun quod Henricus frater 
meus dedit eis et carta sua confirmavit. Hoc molendinum 
concessi et confirmavi predictis canonicis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam ab omni servitio seculari, cum tota parochia 
que eidem molendino adjacebat eodem tern pore quo Henricus 
Foliot frater meus eisdem canonicis idem molendinum dedit et 
confirmavit. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1535. Grant by William Foliot, for the health of the soul of William 
Foliot his father, Agnes his mother, and Henry his brother, 

1 " de Ledestona." 



LASCY FEE: SHAFTON 2IQ 

to the canons of Nostell of 3 bovates in Shafton, of which 
Richard Bagot gave them i bovate. 1165-1180. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 6zd (old p. 140). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn clericis quam laicis 
Willelmus Foliot salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me dedisse 
et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse, pro salute anime 
mee et patris mei Willelmi Foliot et Agnetis matris mee et 
Henrici fratris mei Foliot et omnium parentum meorum, Deo et 
ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem [Deo] servientibus, 
in puram et liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, tres bovatas terre 
in Schaftona, duas scilicet bovatas cum tofta que fuerunt 
Reginaldi de l Gazere, liberas et quietas et solutas ab omni seculari 
servitio cum omnibus pertinentiis in bosco et in piano, in aquis 
et .in pascuis ; et tertiam bovatam terre cum tofta quam concessit 
eis Ricardus Bagot in eadem villa, similiter liberam et quietam et 
solutam ab omni seculari servitio cum omnibus pertinentiis in 
bosco et in piano, in aquis et in pascuis. Et si aliquis predictas 
bovatas terre vel aliquam illarum calumpniaverit, vel aliquid 
servitium a predictis canonicis exegerit, ego et heredes mei per 
omnia adquietabimus et warantizabimus eas. Et volo et precipio 
ut ista elemosina sit libera et quieta ab omni seculari servitio et 
ab omni exactione heredum meorum et omnium hominum. Hiis 
testibus, etc. 

Jordan Foliot, who held 3 fees of Guy de Laval and 2 fees of Henry 
de Lascy in 1 166, was the eldest son, and Pain and Richard were 
presumably younger sons, of William Foliot by his first wife ; 2 whilst 
William, Henry, and Hugh were his younger sons by Agnes de 
Arches of Catfoss. The last-named marriage must have taken place before 
1130, when William Foliot was pardoned 43^. 2e/. of the old pleas of 
Holderness. 3 William Foliot died many years before Jordan, his eldest 
son (?), attained his majority, which would probably be about 1145. 
This Jordan owed a norris-hawk in 1170 for a wrongful disseisin. 4 He 
discharged the debt in U76. 5 It was probably Jordan II, son of Jordan I, 
who owed 9^ marks of the debts due to Aaron the Jew in 1191 by the 
surety of William Foliot. 6 

Hugh Foliot, probably brother of Jordan I, held i knight's fee in 
Barnby-upon-Don and elsewhere of William de Percy in 1 166,' and of 
the earl of Warwick in II75- 8 In 1219 the service of William Foliot 
belonged to William de Percy. 9 Clement, abbot of St. Mary's, York 
(1161-1184), granted to William Foliot in fee whatever right Henry Foliot, 
his son, 10 held in 2 carucates in Sunderlandwick, rendering yearly 2 marks ; 
and later the same abbot granted the same tenement to Jordan Foliot 
in fee. 11 



* See vol. ii, n. 849 ; where ' Snapethorpe " (in Wakefield) should be read for 
" Swaythorpe." 

8 R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 26. * Pipe R., 16 Hen. II, 45. 

5 ib., 22 Hen. II, 102. ' i6. t 3 Ric. I. 

1 Red Bk., 425. 8 Percy Chartul., 462. 

#., 56. 10 Query " brother." 

11 Chartul. of St. Mary's ; Dodsw. MS. ix, f. 89^. 



22O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

In 1225 Jordan Foliot III was one of the coheirs of Robert Bardulf, 
his maternal uncle, 1 who was brother and heir of Hugh Bardulf (d. 1203), 
and in 1236 he died seised inter alia of a fifth part of a knight's fee in 
Hoo, co. Kent, being part of his uncle's inheritance, leaving Richard, his 
son and heir, then under age. 2 Seeing that Richard was born not earlier 
than 1217, it is improbable that, as Mr. Holmes has suggested, his father 
was the son of the first Jordan, who, obviously, was born before 1130. 
William Foliot, uncle of Jordan III, gave the church of Saxby to the priory 
of St. Katherine, Lincoln. 3 

1536. Grant by Henry Foliot to the canons of Nostell of i mark of 
rent yearly from Sturton by Stow (co. Line.). 1155-1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. fad (old p. 140). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Henricus Foliot dedi et 
confirmavi hac mea carta et hoc me[o] sigillo Deo et canonicis 
de Sancto Oswaldo unam marcam de redditu unoquoque anno in 
Strettona juxta Stowam, pro remedio anime mee, in puram et 
liberam et perpetuam elemosinam. Testibus : Jordano Foliot 
fratre meo, etc. 

At the Survey the manor of Sturton-by-Stow was held by Ilbert (de 
Lascy) under the bishop of Bayeux. In 1185 the Templars had carucate 
and 2 tofts in Saxby by the gift of William Foliot ; also 40 acres of land- 
in Fenwick, co. York, by the gift of Jordan Foliot. 4 In 1205 Jordan Foliot 
(son of Jordan) held lands in Saxby, co. Lincoln. 8 In the latter part of his 
reign Henry II confirmed to the abbey of Barlings the mill and 2 bovates 
in Saxby, co. Line., given by William Foliot and Petronilla his wife. 8 

In 1171 William, son of Robert, owed 60 marks for fine of a duel con- 
cerning the land of Saxby between him and Warner de La Campaing ; in 
1184 he extinguished the debt. 7 

1537. Confirmation by William Foliot to the canons of Nostell of i 

mark's worth of rent from the tenure held by Joelen of the 
grantor in Sturton by Stow (co. Line.), which Henry Foliot, 
the grantor's brother, gave. 1155-1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. fad (old p. 140). 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Willelmus Foliot salutem. Noverit vestra dilectio me 
concessisse et donasse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et 
ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostla et canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, in liberam et quietam et solutam elemosinam ab 
omni exactione et servitio secular! de me et de heredibus meis 
et de omnibus hominibus, unam marcatam argenti in Strettona 
juxta Stouam de tenura quam tenet Joelen de me jure heredi- 
tario : ita quod ipse et heredes sui post eum ecclesie predicte 
annuatim persolvent hanc marcam ad festum Sancti Michaelis 

Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 129; ./?. Litt. Claus., ii, 47. 

it>., 298. * Line. Fines, i, p. 293. 

Man. Angl., vi, 828, 831^. 8 K. de Fin., 132 ; Testa, 344^. 

Cal. Chart. R., ii, 390. 

Pipe R., 17 Hen. II. 109; 30 Hen. II, 15. 



LASCY FEE: STURTON, SHAFTON 221 

archangeli ; sicut et Henricus Foliot frater meus eis prius 
dederat et carta sua confirmaverat. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1538. Grant by William Foliot, for the soul of Henry his brother, to 
the church of Felkirk of i bovate in Shafton of his demesne 
there. 1170-1185. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 193^; Chartul. of Nostell, f. 62d. 

Sciant presentes et 1 futuri quod ego Willelmus Foliot dedi 
et confirmavi hac mea carta et hoc meo sigillo, pro remedio anime 
mee et Henrici fratris mei quam antecessorum meorum, ecclesie 
de Felekirke 2 unam bovatam terre in Scaftun 3 de meo dominio, 
in puram et liberam et perpetuam elemosinam. Test[ibus], 
Willelmo de Vendoure, Fulcone milite, 4 Moyses de Hoderode, 
Philippe de Rihil, Arnaldo Pigaz, Rodberto filio Seuein, Hereberto 
de Warnefeld, Rodberto de Hoderode, Hugone de Caltorp, et 
aliis multis. 

A drawing of the seal. 

1539. Grant by William Foliot for the souls of Jordan, Henry, Pain 
and Richard, his brothers, to the monks of Pontefract of i 
acre of land in Shafton of the land of Rainald de Gazra and 
other land, for which Ranulf the forester and Mervana will 
render to the monks 6d. each yearly. 1175-1191. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 26. Pd. in Chartul. of I'ontefr., 
n. 87. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis quod ego Willelmus 
Foliot dedi et concessi et hoc meo sigillo et hac mea carta con- 
firmavi Deo et monachis Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto terram 
illam quam Rannulfus forestarius tenet, scilicet unam acram de 
terra Rainaldi de Gazra, pro qua terra idem Rannulfus forestarius 
unoquoque anno reddet monachis vj. d., et terram illam quam 
Mervana tenet, pro qua ipsa similiter reddet monachis unoquoque 
anno vi. d. die Sancti Egidii. Hanc terram dedi eis liberam et 
quietam in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, pro anima patris mei 
et matris mee et pro animabus fratrum meorum Jordani et 
Henrici et Pagani et Ricardi et pro salute anime mee et omnium 
parentum et heredum meorum. Hujus donationis testes sunt, 
frater meus Jordanus Folioth et Robertus de Builli, Petrus_ de 
GiptunjJWillelmus de Haccatorn et Ricardus frater ejus, Thomas 
films Petri de Giptuna, Johannes le Poer, Radulfus Buche, 
Robertus filius Haraldi, Willelmus filius Ansgoti, Rannulfus 
filius Siwardi, Jordanus de Ledestona et fratres ejus Rainaldus 
[et] Rogerus et Walterus Fossardus, Rainaldus Lutebi. Hanc 
terram dedi eis in Safhtunia. 

1 "quam"; Dodsw. 2 " Felekirche " ; Chartul. "Selekirke"; Dodsw. 

3 " Scaftona " ; Chartul. " Seastune " ; Dodsw. 

4 No other witnesses in the chartul. 



222 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1540. Grant by Robert de Stapleton, for the health of the soul of 
Claricia his wife, to the canons of Nostell of 12 acres of land 
in Cudworth with a toft in the roods of Healey next the house 
ofAisolf. 1180-1190. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Cott. MS., Vesp. E. xix, f. 6$d; Dodsw. MS. xcv, f. 79. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Robertus de 
Stapeltona, pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee Claricie et pro 
salute animarum patris et matris mee et antecessorum et heredum 
meorum, dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancti Osuualdi et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, 
in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, duodecim acras 
terre apud Cudeuurdiam cum una tofta, in rodis videlicet de Haleg 
juxta domum Aisolui. Et volo ut hec elemosina libera et quieta 
sit ab omnibus servitiis, sicut aliqua elemosina liberior et quietior 
esse potest. Preterea concedo eis communitatem in bosco et in 
piano et in pascuis et in omnibus aliis que ad predictam terram 
pertinent. Huius rei testes sunt : Reinerus de Derefeld, Radulfus 
frater ejus, Ada[m] de Sandala, Hugo de Stapeltona, Robertus 
de Derfeld frater Reineri. 1 

Cudworth appears to have formed part of the fee which the Foliots held. 
Clarice, the wife of the grantor, was a daughter of Adam de Rainevill. 
Hunter cites several charters relating to Cudworth from Dodsworth's MSS., 
but he confuses the charters of Robert de Stapleton I, husband of Clarice, 
and those of his grandson, Robert de Stapleton II. 2 The last-named 
Robert confirmed to Monkbretton 3 acres in Cudworth, which Nicholas, 
clerk of Horbury, had given to the monks. 3 The witnesses of Robert's 
charter were : Robert son of Adam, Geoffrey de Reinevill, master Robert 
de Otrington, " Richert " de Methelay, William de Grimestrop, Alan cook, 
Hugh son of Jordan, William his brother and Robert del Ker. Date 1230- 
1250. 

The younger Robert de Stapleton was likewise the grantor to the canons 
of Nostell of a plat of land with the sheepfold thereon, as anciently en 
closed, called Ueggekastel in the territory of " Cuthwrthe," and pasture 
for 240 sheep in his pasture of Cudworth, except in his tillage on the 
south side of his chief messuage, when it did not lie fallow (waresta).* The 
witnesses were : Dom. John de Hoderode, then seneschal of Pontefract, 
John de Smytheton, Thomas Tyrell, William de Grymestorp, Benedict son 
of Stephen de Suthkirkeby, Adam de Pul and John his brother, John de 
Northfolke and Robert his brother. 5 Brother Robert, prior of Nostell 
(1246-1255), gave to Robert de Stapleton the dung of the 240 sheep when 
they were in the pasture of Cudworth. 8 The same Robert de Stapleton 
also gave to the canons 3 acres of land in " Swintistker," next the land of 
Richard de Bingeley with estovers in his wood of Haropp by the view of his 
forester, saving all deer and birds which take birds, the fish of his waters 
and other dignities. He also gave pasture for 40 oxen or cows in the 
common pasture of Sadelwrth ' within bounds which ran from Cnothill 8 

1 The names of the witnesses are from Dodsw. MS. 
South Yorks., ii, 398. 8 Dodsw. MS. viii, 2i8ct. 

Chartul. of Nostell, f. 6$d. 

Dodsw. MS. viii, ijSJ, where " Kulhewurthe " is given for "Cuthwrthe." 
Chartul. of Nostell, f. 65^. 
if*., f. 66. Cf. Coucher of Whalley (Chetham Soc.). 8 Near Delph. 



LASCY FEE: CUDWORTH, FKISTON 223 

by the road to Stonegge, 1 thence to Stabilicloch of Dighill, 2 thence to 
Brodeston, 3 thence to Wytibroke in Haukeserd, thence to Cumbroke, 
thence to the water of Tame and from that water ascending to the Great 
Cnothill, to enjoy the same yearly from the feast of the Invention of the 
Holy Cross until Martinmas, with pasture for 10 beasts for the keeper of 
the said oxen or cows. 

Cudworth is not named in the Survey, but it was doubtless included 
in the 18 carucates at which Elsi's manor in Shafton and Carlton was 
assessed T.R.E. In 1086 Gamel appears to have held Shafton and Elric 
Carlton. Grimthorpe, then the seat of William de Grimestorp, lies in 
Brierley, and adjoins on the eastern side of Cudworth, to which Carlton 
adjoins on the north-west and Shafton on the north and north-east. 

1541. Confirmation by William de Friston II, with the consent of 

2. Bertram his son, to the monks of Pontefract of 2 bovates of 

his gift in (Ferry) Friston, and the mill with the onset called 

Hamelin mill which they have of his father's gift ; also the 

tillage with the mill-pool, reserving half the fish. 1160-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 350'. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 167. 

Omnibus fidelibus sanote ecclesie Willelmus de Fristona 
salutem. Sciatis quod ego firmiter concedo et hac mea carta et 
hoc meo sigillo confirmo ecclesie et monachis Sancti Johannis de 
Pontefracto, pro remedio anime mee et pro animabus heredum et 
antecessorum meorum, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam duas bovatas terre in Fristona ex dono meo cum perti- 
nentiis suis, et molendinum et sedem molendini quod dicitur 
Hamelinmilne quod habent ex dono patris mei, simul cum cul- 
tura quam dedi eis juxta ipsum molendinum, et cum toto stagno 
ipsius molendini, ita tamen quod dimidia pars piscium mea erit. 
Hec eisdem monachis sicut predlctum~est presenti mea carta 
sigillata confirmo in puram, liberam et perpetuam elemosinam, 
testante Bertrammo herede meo, cujus consilio et concessione 
hoc feci. Testantibus etiam : Rogero Gros presbitero, Willel- 
mo filio Hervei, Waltero filio Hugonis, Jordano de Ledestuna, 
Ricardo de Stegno, Willelmo pistore, Willelmo coco monachorum, 
WiHelmb coco de Fristona, Willelmo filio Radulfi, Hereberto de 
Withewode. 

Archbishop Theobald confirmed (1153-1154) to the monks the mill of 
Friston of the gift of Robert, father of William de Friston II, and 2 bovates 
in Friston with 3 acres of land near the mill by the gift of the said William. 
William de Friston I was enfeoffed of lands in Cockerington, Alvingham 
and Somercotes, co. Line., by Hugh de Laval, after the date of the Lindsey 
survey, to hold by the service of 2 knights. 4 He held in 1166 of Guy de 
Laval 3 fees (in co. Line.) and of Henry de Lascy 2 fees (in Yorkshire). 5 He 
gave 4^ bovates in Cockerington to the Gilbertine priory of Alvingham. 8 
Henry II confirmed to Louth Park in 1155 land in Cockerington given by 
William de Friston II. 7 This gift was later described as having been made 

1 Standedge. 2 Dingles. 3 Standing Stone? 

4 Testa, 339<*. 5 Red Bk., 422. 

' Mon. Angl., vi, 958, n. 5. T Cat. Chart. R., iii, 247. 



224 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

by William de Friston, grandfather of Nicholaa de St. Mary, late the wife 
of Robert de Cokefeld. 1 William de Friston appears to have married Alice, 
daughter and coheir of Bertram Haget. Bertram, son of William de 
Friston, was living in 1 175, 2 and his father in i i8o. 3 John de Friston, living 
in 1 197,* was possibly a younger son of William de Friston. But the 
ultimate heir of William de Friston was a daughter Alice, who married 
Jordan de St. Mary. 5 Their children were Richard, who died without 
issue, Elizabeth, wife of Henry Le Waleis, and Nicholaa, wife of Robert de 
Cokefeld, sheriff of York 1226-1229. Jordan de St. Mary and Alice his 
wife gave to the church of Sinningthvvaite 4 bovates in Wombwell for the 
support of a chaplain to celebrate the divine office for the soul of Richard 
de St. Mary (their son).* 

In her widowhood the said Alice, describing herself as " Alice Haget, 
daughter of William de Friston, widow," confirmed a gift made by Jordan 
de St. Mary, her late husband, to William son of Fulk, then serjeant of 
Friston, of a toft and croft with land which Richard son of John the fisher- 
man held of them in Crakehill (bounds given), to hold of the nuns of 
Sinningthvvaite for \2d. yearly. It was attested by Alan de Folifayt, Alan 
de Catherton, William rector of the church of Helaugh, John parson of 
Friston, Nicholas de Queldale, Robert chamberlain of Fontefract, Peter 
" nauta de Ferie," John son of Nicholas de Friston and 4 others. 7 



1542. Grant by Mauger de Scharveston and Henry his son to the 
canons of Nostell of 9 acres of the donor's ridding near 
Foulby, 4^ acres in the fields of Sharlsto;i (bounded), 2\ 
acres towards Warmfield (bounded), half their meadow of 
Mickledale and a third part of their toft in Sharlston. c.i 180- 
1185. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 109 (old p. 259). 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Malgerus 
de Scharvestona et Henricus filius meus dedimus et concessimus 
et sigillis nostris confirmavimus Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi 
et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute animarum nostra- 
rum et omnium antecessorum nostrorum, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, xvi. acras terre liberas et quietas ab omni secular! 
servitio de nobis et de omnibus hominibus : scilicet novem acras 
de sarto nostro juxta Folebi, et quatuor acras et dimidiam in 
campis de Scharvestona versus orientem, scilicet duas acras 
juxta domes Roberti et Ricardi filiorum Baret, tertiam juxta 
Grifwellesic, quartam et dimidiam apud Herveium filium Hucche; 
duas acras et dimidiam eis dedimus versus Warnefeld, unam 
videlicet acram juxta Staneswellesic, et unam acram juxta Polche, 
et unam [dimidiam ?] acram apud Gamelgreve ; etdimidium pratum 
nostrum de Miccledale et tertiam partem tofti nostri in Scharves- 
tona versus occidentem. Hiis testibus, etc. 

Cal. Chart. R., iii, 257. * Pipe R., 21 Hen. II, 152. 

t'6., 26 Hen. II, 55. * Line. Fines, p. 8. 

Yorks. Fines, n. 22. 

Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 143^. See the observations on n. 646. 
Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 



LASCY FEE: SHARLSTON, BRAYTON 225 

These lands belonged partly to the fee of the archbishop of York and 
partly to the fee held by William de Friston of the honor of Pontefract. 1 
Mauger de Sharlston was undoubtedly the same person as Mauger, son of 
William le Vavasor, who married the heiress of Denton. The reference by 
Mauger to Henry, his son, points to this charter having been issued during 
the early life of the donor, for his heir was a younger son, Walter. It is 
probable that after the death of Walter de Denton, his father-in-law, in 
1184, Mauger dropped the title " de Scharveston" and resumed his patro- 
nymic of Vavasor. In 1219 Henry de Selflay as son of Robert, son of 
Liolf, eldest son of Hawise, claimed against Mauger le Vavasur 3^ 
carucates in Sharlston (Scarves/on), of which his [great-lgrandmother 
Hawise was seised in the time of king Henry, "senis," [great-]grand- 
father of king John. 2 In 1212 Henry de Schelfele held i bovate of 13 
bovates in the district of Oldham, co. Lane., which the heirs of William 
de Nevill then held in chief of the crown. 8 

1543. Grant by John de Lasceles to the monks of Selby of Archel 
3- with his land which extends from his house to Selby, with 2 

bovates of land in Brayton, which he holds, and i carucate of 

land in the same town. 114-1-1147. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. 70^. Pd. in Concher of Selby, n. 289. 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Johannes de Lasceles 
salutem. Notum sit omnibus me dedisse [et] concessisse Deo et 
Sancto Germane de Seleby et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
Archel et terram suam que est a domo Archel usque ad Selebiam, 
scilicet inter vivarium et Tranamor, cum duabus bovatis terre 
quas idem Archel tenet in Braitona, et unam carucatam terre in 
supradicta villa, scilicet in Braitona ; et hec dono et confirmo esse 
libera et quieta ab omni seculari servitio sicut liberam, puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute anime mee et predecessorum 
meorum et pro remissione peccatorum meorum. Hiis testibus, 
Matilda de Lascy matre Henrici de Lascy, I^etro_filio_Essolvi 
et aliis. 

From the confirmation of Henry de Lascy, which follows, it appears 
that John de Lasceles gave to the monks, besides the land and 2 bovates 
of Archil, his native, i bovate in Brayton on the day of the burial of 
Robert his brother and i carucate there on the day of his own death, " qua 
ingressus est viam universe carnis." 

John de Lasceles also gave to the monks for the soul of his deceased 
brother, Robert, his said brother's native, Asswin de Byrking with his 
house and land, and also the land which he, namely Asswin, bought from 
Losbert, priest of Byrking, and the ridding which Robert, brother of the 
grantor, and lord of the said Asswin, gave to him. John de Lasceles gave 
these alms for the provision of lights nightly in the cloisters (claustrum) 
and in order that the monks might yearly make an anniversary for the 
soul of Robert, as for a departed monk of the monastery. This charter 
was attested by Peter, priest of Doncaster.* 

The approximate date of the charter printed above can be ascertained 
from the testing clause. A gift to Pontefract, made by Ralph de 

1 Cf. Testa, 365 ; " In Cocksford, Sharlston and Hampole I fee." 

2 Assize R. 1040, m. <)d. 3 Testa, 405. 
* Coucher of Selby, i, 288 ; n. 1545 below. 

Ill P 



226 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Caprecuria before Henry de Lascy and Matilda his mother, was confirmed 
by Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, during the voidance of the see 
of York, namely 1153-1 154. * So also was the gift of Roger de Mowbray 
and Alice de Gaunt his wife, of i carucate in Ingoldsmels, co. Lincoln, 
which was also attested by Matilda de Lascy. 2 Adam, son of the witness, 
Peter, son of Assulf, gave to the monks of Rievaulx the site of a forge in 
Stainborough by charter attested by William, abbot of Hode. 3 This was 
between 1 138 and 1 145, and possibly after the death of Peter, son of Assulf. 
Thus the approximate date of this charter may be given as 1141-1147. 

1544. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy to St. German's, Selby, of 
the gift of John de Lasceles of Archil his man with his land 
in Brayton and other lands there. 1145-1155. 
Chartul. of Selby, f. jod. Pd. in Couch, of Selby, n. 290. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Henricus de Lascy 
salutem. Notum sit omnibus me concessisse et testimonio pre- 
sentis carte confirmasse donationem quam fecit Johannes de 
Lasceles Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Germano de Seleby, 
nominatim Archil et terram suam que est a domo Archil usque 
ad Seleby [sc.] inter vivarium et Tranamor est sita, et duas bovatas 
terre in Braitona. Confirmavi etiam unam bovatam terre in 
eadem villa quam idem Johannes de Lasceles donavit monachis 
die qua sepultus fuit Robertus frater suus, et unam carucatam 
terre in supradicta villa, scilicet Braitona, quam idem Johannes 
dedit die obitus sui qua ingressus est viam universe carnis; 
sicut Johannes de Lasceles has terras predictas donavit Deo et 
Sancte Marie et Sancto Germano de Seleby, ita concede et con- 
firmo et in quantum ad me et ad heredes meos attinet esse 
liberas, solutas et quietas ab omni seculari servitio, sicut puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute anime Johannis et suorum 
predecessorum et pro remissione delictorum meorum nunc et 
imperpetuum. Hii sunt testes, Robertus sacerdos, Lambertus 
medicus, Ricardus filius Guboldi. 

Before the Conquest Baret held the manor of Burton Hall with bere- 
wicks in Brayton and Thorpe Willoughby, assessed in the whole at 3^ 
carucates of land, or, according to the summary of the Yorkshire survey, 
at 3 carucates and 6 bovates. There was a church and a priest (at Bray- 
ton). The Conqueror gave \ carucate in Brayton to the monks when he 
founded the abbey. This \ carucate belonged to the socage of Snaith. 
The heirs-general of John de Lasceles held I carucate in Brayton in 
1 33 by knight's service. 4 In the reign of John a third part of the 
church of Brayton was quit-claimed by Ralph de Ruhale to Selby with 
the right of patronage, which he and his predecessors had in a third part 
of that church. 1 At Easter, 1263, Henry de Vernoil quit-claimed to the 
abbot of Selby the advowson of the church of Brayton for 100 marks and 
100 solidates of land ; on which occasion William de Lascelles recorded 
his contingent claim." Possibly the church held i bovate, the monks of 

1 no. 1475. * no. 1495. 

* Chartul. of Rievaitlx, 56 ; see no. 1725. 

4 Kirkby's Quest, 214. * Coucher of Selby, j, 221, 

6 Feet of F., 49, n. 26. See Coucher, i, 221-2, 



LASCY FEE: BRAYTON 227 

Selby 15 bovates, and the manorial lord i carucate, making the total 
assessment of Brayton 3 carucates. 

Henry de Lascy confirmed other gifts of John de Lasceles in Brayton, 
besides the above, namely " Langelei and land with its vestures (investi- 
ture!) by the hedge of Ralph the knight 1 and by oak-trees signed with 
the cross by both John de Lasceles and the monks for land-marks on 
that side towards Brayton unto Tranamor ; and the land, both woodland 
and otherwise, lying next the boundaries of Selebye, and between the 
monks' vivary and the midst of the marsh called Tranamor, and on the 
western side to the clear water (or stream) on the near side of Todhill 
which separates two moors, and thence across to the vivary by an oak- 
tree, which is set for a boundary in the length of that land, standing 
somewhat on the near side of the wood in which dwells a certain rustic, 
Archill." He also released any right or claim that he might have in the 
monks' vivary. 2 

A similar release of the land, included within the boundaries described 
above, was made to Selby by Adam son of_Peter (de BirkinJI. The 
hedge of Ralph the knight was TTarried, but ATcKill tHeTriistic had given 
place to Thomas his son. The carucate of land in Brayton was included 
in the release, and the whole of the premises were described as being of ^^>jl/~) u f\ f~ 



, ^^>/~) u f\ ~ 

the fee and inheritance of the said Adam, who laid them, manu propria, 
on the altar of St. German for the souls of his parents. The witnesses y 
were Thomas son of Uvieth of York, and Walter clerk of the abbot. 3 

1545. Grant by John de Lasceles to the monks of Selbylfor the soul 
of Robert his brother, of Asswin, who ;was the said Robert's 
native, with his land, and other land which Robert bought 
from Losbert the priest of GBirkin, and the ridding which 
Robert gave him ; for providing a light at night-time in the 
cloisters and an anniversary for the said Robert. 1160-1170. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. gid. Pd. in Coucher of Selby > n. 486. 

Sciant presentes atque futuri quod ego Johannes de 
Lascelles, pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee 
et pro anima fratris mei Roberti defuncti et pro animabus 
antecessorum meorum et amicorum, do ecclesie Sancti Germani 
Asswinum de Byrkinga, qui fuit homo Roberti fratris mei 
dum vixit, ipsum et terram suam et domum ; insuper etiam 
terram illam quam emit a Losberto presbitero de Byrkinga 
et essartum illud quod dominus suus predictus Robertus 
dedit ei, solutam et quietam ab omni servitio et consuetudine, in 
puram elemosinam, ita ut singulis noctibus luminare inveniatur 
in claustrum. Pro hac autem donatione facient monachi 
unoquoque anno anniversarium pro anima ipsius Roberti, sicut 
pro uno monacho monasterii defuncto. Hujus rei testes sunt : 
Petrus presbiterus Donecastrie, etc. 

1546. Grant by Humphry de Lasceles, with his body for burial at 
(Monk) Bretton, to the monks of Bretton of Geoffrey son of 



1 Ralph de Stiveton. * Cottcher of Selby, p. 392. ib., 331, 




228 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Gamel with 4 acres of land, which Geoffrey held of the donor. 
1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Monk Bretton, at Woolley Hall, f. 346. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Umfridus Laceles 
concessi monachis de Brettona corpus meum in die depositionis 
mee apud eos sepeliendum. Ego vero Umfridus insuper dedi 
et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie 
Magdalene de Brettona et predictis monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus Gaufridum filium Gamelli cum tola terra quam 
tenuit de me, scilicet iiii. acras, pro salute anime mee et uxoris 
mee et animabus antecessorum meorum et heredum meorum, 
in puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Hiis testibus: Johanne 
capellano, Jordano de Hetfona] et aliis. 

Simon de Lasceles, who held 2 fees of Guy de Laval (in Lincolnshire) 
and I fee of Henry de Lascy (in Yorkshire), in H66, 1 was probably the 
elder brother of Humphry de Lasceles. In 1193 John de Lasceles (son 
and heir of Simon) proffered 40^. for an inquiry if i carucate in Birkin, 
which was of the king's soc, was in dispute when a duel was fought 
between Simon de Lasceles and Adam son of Peter, who recovered 
against the said John's father 24 carucates (sic, ? for bovates) in Birkin. 2 

For reference to the connexion between the families of Lasceles and 
Birkin see the charters of the last-named family below. By the marriage 
of Simon de Lasceles to Agnes, daughter of Richard de Ottringham and 
heir to her brother William de Ottringham, 3 the principal interest of 
the family was transferred to Holderness. The interest of the family in 
Brayton, South Duffield and elsewhere passed by the marriage of Agnes, 
daughter and coheir of John de Lasceles, to Miles Basset of North 
Moreton, co. Berks, and so to the Stapletons ; and by the marriage of 
Juliana, presumably another daughter and coheir of John de Lasceles, to 
Roger de Cressi. 4 

Richard de Laceles, son of Humphry de Laceles, released to the 
Hospital of Jerusalem Richard son of William of Tikehill with his 
sequel and chattels. The witnesses were : Adam parson of Heton, 
Robert son of Richard de Lepton, Alan de Wytelai, Walter le Flemyng, 
John de Heton, Adam de Ruhelai and Richard, son of Peter the clerk of 
Sandal.* 

1547. Notification of Henry de Lascy that he has restored to the 
6. monks of Selby land wrongfully encroached beyond the 
boundaries of Friston and Hillum by Hervey de Campeaux 
and Robert his son, in return for absolution for the soul of 
the said Hervey and for the soul of Robert his son who had 
restored the land. 1 144-^.1160. 
Chartul. of Selby, f. 95. Pd. in the Couchcr of Selby, i, n. 510. 

Notum sit omnibus in Christo renatis quod ego Henricus 
de Laceio reddidi et quietam clamavi Deo et Sancte Marie et 
Sancto Germane de Seleby, sicut earn que debet esse 

1 Red Bk., 422-23. * Pipe R., 5 Ric. I. 

3 Lancaster, Chartul. of Bridlington, 328. 
* See Coucher of Selby, i, 122, 211-217, 2 4- 
8 Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 



LASCY FEE: FRISTON, HILLUM 2 29 

monachorum propria et dominica, terram quam Herveius de 
Ca[m]pellis et Rodbertus de Ca[m]pellis filius suus per pur- 
presturam et rectos fines et justas metas excedendo injuste 
et absque judicio a monachis subtraxerant, desicut predicta 
terra jure adjacebat maneriis monachorum de Seleby in Friston 
et Hillum, ipsis monachis semper calumpniantibus et in sinodo 
reclamantibus. Hac autem conventione inter me et monachos 
hoc actum est ut anima Hervei de Ca[m]pellis que vinculo 
anathematis erat innodata, nominatim pro hac purprestura, sit 
imperpetuum absoluta, et anima Rodberti de Ca[m]pellis qui 
illam terram reddidit et quietam clamavit ecclesie Sancti 
Germani de Seleby et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus sit 
in communione elemosinarum et orationum in eadem ecclesia 
faciendarum imperpetuum. Hii sunt testes, Radulfus episco- 
pus, Paulinus filius ejus, Rodbertus sacerdos, Lambertus 
medicus et ceteri. 

The injury committed by Hervey de Campeaux against the monastery 
of Selby must have been of old standing at the time when Henry de 
Lascy and Robert son of Hervey de Campeaux made restitution. " Her- 
veus " held the manor of Skelbrook under Ilbert de Lascy in the Domesday 
survey ; and in Oxfordshire he held 4 manors under Odo, bishop of Bayeux ; 
namely in Haseley, Britwell, near Ewelme, Thumley and Warpsgrove. 
These 4 manors were subsequently held by the heirs-general of Campeaux 
under Guy de Laval, until the service of Guy's knights came by royal 
grant in the time of John to the immediate possession of Roger, constable 
of Chester. 

It is evident from the words of the charter that Hervey had been 
cursed by bell, book and candle for his wrong-doing, and had wittingly 
or unwittingly died in his sins. Robert his son had made restitution 
before his death, which appears to have happened before this charter 
was issued. He gave land in Cridling to the hospital of St. Peter, York, 
before he was appealed of the death of William Maltravers (^.1136). 
See no. 1489. The name continued to be borne in this county, in Devon 
and in Normandy. Before 1185 Cecily de Campeus gave to the Templars, 
and Thomas her son confirmed to them, 3 carucates and 6 bovates in Colton, 
of which 3 carucates were held by Thomas de L'Isle for forinsec service. 1 

The above charter was issued after 1141 and before the death of 
Ralph, bishop of the Orkneys. This prelate seems to have lived an 
irregular life, for his son, said to be Paulin, afterwards master of the 
hospital of St. Peter at York, attests this charter. Ralph was consecrated 
by archbishop Thomas II (1108-1114), apparently in succession to Roger, 
the monk of Whitby, who had been consecrated by archbishop Gerard. 2 
In 1119 pope Calixtus II sent his letters to Aistan and Siward, kings of 
Norway and of the northern parts of Scotland, commending to them the 
recently consecrated bishop of Orkney, evidently Ralph Nowel. 3 Ralph 
was at Rheims in that year, 4 and in November, of the same year, was by 
Calixtus II bidden to be subject to archbishop Thurstan. 5 I have not 
been able to ascertain the date of his death, nor that of the consecration 
of William, his successor. 

1 Man. Angl., vi, 830^. 

2 Historians of York, iii, 51, 462. 

3 ib., 39. ib., ii, 164. ib., 168. 



230 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1548. Confirmation by Rowland Haget to the monks of Pontefract 
of i bovate in Skelbrook, which Oliver, his brother, had given 
and offered upon the altar by a clasp-knife. 1160-1175. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 58^. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefract, n. 334. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod Rollandus Hagath concessit 
monachis ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto unam bovatam 
terre in Scelebroch, liberam et quietam ab omnibus con- 
suetudinibus in perpetuum, exceptis beneficiis et orationibus 
fratrum, quam terram Oliverus frater eius prius donaverat et 
super altare optulerat per cultellum plicatum. Hujus donationis 
testes sunt, Willelmus presbiter de Hymeleswrde, Willelmus 
de Fristona, Henricus Walensis, Henricus de Burg, Willelmus 
films Roberti de Burgo, Walterus filius Hugonis, 1 Rogerus 
presbiter, Robertus Norreis, Jordanus de Ledestuna, Ricardus 
de Ledestuna, Willelmus pistor et aliis ; 

Skelbrook had belonged to the fee which the family of Campeaux had 
held of Henry de Lascy until it came to the chief lord by escheat, or, what 
is more probable, until it came to Oliver Haget, otherwise known as Oliver 
de Scalebroc, by marriage with the heiress of Hervey de Campeaux, or of 
Robert his son. Before 1154 Hervey de Campels gave to the monks of 
Pontefract 2 dwellings in Pontefract with the tofts. 2 In 1163 Oliver de 
Scalebroc rendered account of 5 marks for an undescribed plea, 8 and by 
1166 he had discharged the debt. 4 He probably died that year, for Helte 
de Roucestre was then returned as tenant of Henry de Lascy of i fee in 
Yorkshire and of Guy de Laval of 4 fees elsewhere, 5 namely in co. Oxon.* 
Doubtless he had married Oliver's relict. It is, however, certain that 
Oliver left issue, for in 1223 earl William de Mandevill was engaged in a 
plea against William de Scalebroc touching the land of Skelbrook. 7 In 
1 200 Oliva de "Scerbroc" proffered 40^. to have reasonable estovers of her 
inheritance to sue the plea which she then had against her husband for 
divorce. 8 This may refer to the family of Scalebroc. 

Henry, prior of Pontefract, granted this bovate to Walter, son of Hugh 
de Coppelei, for \2d. yearly, by charter attested by Ad,am, son of Peter 
de Birkin, and therefor^ of a date before 1185.* Slepehilt appears to have 
been in or near Skelbropk. Hugh, prior of Pontefract, granted to Robert 
son of Walter I bovate in Slepehill, which Richard de Kerecroft sometime 
held, and I bovate in Skelbrook which Walter, father of the said Robert, 
sometime held of the monks in fee. Among the witnesses was Peter de 
Tolleston. 10 

1549. Grant by Henry prior of Pontefract, with the consent of Ralph 

Warfald, to Walter son of Hugh de Coppelei of a bovate in 
Skelbrook to hold in fee for i2d. yearly, c. 1170-1184. 
From the orig. penes Col. Gascoigne at Parlington Hall. Abstr. in 
Yorks. Deeds, i, n. 416. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego domnus Henricus prior 
de Pontefracto consensu totius capituli concessi Waltero filio 

1 de Coppelei. * Chartul,, p. 83. 3 Pipe R., 9 Hen. II, 59. 

4 ib., 12 Hen. II, 37. 6 Red Bk., 422. Testa, \Q\b. 106. 

1 R. Litt. Claus., i, 5646. 8 R. de Oblat., 57. 

Dodsw. MS. cxxvii, f. 119 ; Yorks. Arch. Jl., xii, 69. 
10 Dodsw. MS. cxxxix, f. 20 ; Yorks. Arch.Jl., xii, 70. 



LASCY FEE: SKELBROOK 23! 

Hugonis de Coppelei unam bovatam terre in Scalebroc cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis in feudo et hereditate, illi et heredibus 
suis ad tenendum de monachis propter servitium suum et homa- 
nagium, libere et quiete in bosco et piano et pascuis et pratis, pro 
xii. d. annuatim reddendis, in festo Sancti Martini vi. d. et in 
Pentecoste vi. d., per concessionem Rad[ulfi] Warfald. Testan- 
tibus: Adam filip Petri de Birkin, Roberto Walensi, Unfrido de 
Villi, Gilleberto^e~^BaflTest[ona], Otone de Barkest[ona], Os- 
berto de Siriburne clerico, Nicolao filio Willelmi, Rogero de 
Ledest[ona], Jordano de Ledestfona], Rainaldo et Waltero fratri- 
bus suis, Rad[ulfo] villano, Hugone de Baggahil, Rogges, 1 
Henrico filio Roberti, Adam de Lumbi, Ottone de Tilli. 

The bovate in Skelbrook, given by Oliver (de Scalebroc?) and con- 
firmed by Rowland Haget, his brother, was confirmed to the monastery by 
pope Alexander in njo. 2 The intervention of Ralph Warfald, or Wirfauc, 
as a consenting party to this grant, suggests that the feoffment of the 
donor of this land in Skelbrook was connected with the relationships and 
transactions of people who held lands in Holderness. 

1550. Grant by William de Slepehill to the monks of Pontefract 
of i bovate, containing 16 acres of land, in Slepehill (near 
Skelbrook), formerly Pain's, by the purchase of Richard de 
Kerecroft, who gave to the grantor 4 marks and a cloak for 
the bovate, to which the grantor added 2 acres and a toft 
for an exchange at Richard's choice, who gave to Cecily, the 
grantor's wife, in testimony thereof i8d. for the purchase of 
shoes. 1175-1185. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 420?. Pd. in Chartul. of Foritefr. 
n. 206. 

Omnibus fidelibus sancte ecclesie Willelmus de Selepehil 
salutem. Sciatis quod ego concessi et dedi et hoc meo sigillo 
confirmavi Deo et monachis Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto, 
pro salute omnium fidelium, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
unam bovatam terre in Slepehil cum omnibus ad earn pertinenti- 
bus in bosco et piano, in pascuis et viis et semitis, illam videlicet 
bovatam que fuit Pagani, libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio, 
sicut decet puram elemosinam, adquisitione Ricardi de Kerecroft 
qui mihi dedit pro bovata ilia iiij marcas et unum pallium ; in 
bovata autem xvj acre terre sunt. Et super has xvj acras 
accrevi eis ij as acras et toftum excambivi ad voluntatem Ricardi, 
qui dedit in testimonio hujus rei uxori mee Cecilie xviij.d. ad 
sotulares emendos. Testibus, Radulfo de Insula et Jordano et 
Willelmo fratribus suis, Bernardo de Silkistona et Ricardo filio 
ejus, Symone de Escorcehof et Johanne filio ejus, Mauricio de 
Askerne, Roberto fratre Ricardi et Arnaldo, Radulfo filio Toke, 
Roberto venatore et Symone fratre suo, Thoma dapifero mona- 

1 Possibly "Baggahil Rogges." 2 Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 66. 



232 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

chorum et Willelmo fratre ejus, Ailrico de Ledestuna et Jordano 
et Rainaldo et Rogero et Waltero filiis suis, Ricardo de Awic et 
Roberto filio ejus, Roberto Scot et aliis. 

1551. Notification of Otes de Tilly to the archbishop and chapter of 
7. York of his gift to the brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, 

York, of i bovate in Campsall. 1150-1175. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 20. 
Notum sit archiepiscopo Eboracensi totique capitulo Sancti 
Petri et domino meo cunctisque sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn 
futuris quam presentibus quod ego Ota de Tilli dedi Deo et 
pauperibus hospitalis Sancti Petri unam bovatam terre in Cam- 
sala, liberam et quietam et solutam et immunem ab omni humano 
servitio sicut liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; pro 
remissione omnium peccatorum meorum et ut sim particeps 
omnium beneficiorum que fiunt in ilia sancta domo in nocte et 
in die, in vita et in morte. Amen. 

1 552. Notitiae of gifts made by Otes de Tilly to the Templars. Ante 

1185. 

Extent of the Templars' lands in England, made in 1 185. Pub. Record Off. 
K. R. Misc. Bks. , Exchequer, xvi, f. 650?; Man. Angl., vi, 83 1. 

Ex dono Otonis de Tilli viii acras quas Walterus tenet pro 
xxx denariis. . Item, ex dono Otonis de Tilli viii acras quas 
Radulfus filius Lefrici tenet pro ii solidis. Item, ex dono ipsius 
quatuor acras quas tenet * Ludbreit pro xii denariis. Ex dono 
Otonis xx acras quas tenet Bondus pro v solidis, et xii acras 
quas tenet Cesar clericus pro iii solidis. 

These lands were probably in either Womersley, Campsall or Askerne, 
in which places Otes de Tilly held i fee in 1166 of Henry de Lascy. In 
Oxfordshire (?) he also held 2 fees of Guy de Laval. 2 Further notice of the 
family will be found under the Warenne fee. 

1553. Confirmation by Robert son of Henry le Waleys to the monks 
10. of Kirkstall of i carucate in Seacroft. , 1180-1220. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 34. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 166. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
Robertus filius Henrici 3 Walensis dono et concede et hac mea 
carta confirmo Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirk[estal] 
in perpetuum unam carrucatam terre in Secroft, ut habeant et 
teneant earn de me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam cum omnibus que ad eandem 
carrucatam pertinent, cum toftis et croftis, in bosco et piano, in 
pratis et pasturis, in viis et semitis, in essartis, in mora et 
mariscis, 4 infra villam et extra villam et in omnibus locis, sicut 

1 The words in italics are not in the MS. * Red Bk., 422. 

3 Altered from "Hernisii" in MS. * " mariciis" ; ib. 



LASCY FEE: CAMPSALL, SEACROFT 233 

predictum est, ut earn liberam et quietam habeant in perpetuum 
ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione, persolvendo an- 
nuatim mihi et heredibus meis viii solidos ad servitium regis 
faciendum, videlicet iiii or solidos ad Pentecosten et iiii or ad festum 
Sancti Martini. Ego autem et heredes mei hanc terrain eisdem 
monachis adquietabimus et warantizabimus ubique et erga omnes 
homines. 

Robert de Lascy confirmed this land of Kirkstall as the gift of Henry le 
Waleys ; l but it is possible that the actual donor was Robert son of Erneis, 
who gave various tenements in Seacroft to the monks and confirmed " that 
carucate which they hold in Secroft of Robert le Waleys, my lord, as that 
which was my ancestors'." a He also confirmed a gift made by Gilbert son 
of Aldelin of half a carucate in Seacroft, which the monks held of him. 3 

Charters of the twelfth century made by members of the Waleys family, 
concerning the fee which they held of the honor of Pontefract, are 
extremely rare. It is possible that the family was connected with Norfolk. 
In 1170 Henry "Waleis" of Burg (Wallis) owed a norris hawk for a 
trespass in co. York. 4 In 1165 Robert "Waliscus" by the sheriff of 
Norfolk accounted for a debt of 200 marks for an amercement. 8 Two 
years later Elizia his wife began to render yearly payments of ^4 in 
reduction of this debt. In 1169 the sheriff of York rendered account of 
6os. $d. from the land of the step-son (filiaster) of Robert le Waleys ; ' next 
year of 85^. lid., and in 1171 of 2is. 6d. for the first quarter of the year, 
whilst the land was in the king's hands. Meanwhile the debt of Henry le 
Waleys "of Burgh" of a hawk was carried over yearly until 1172, when 
it was described as due " by the surety of Adam de Jernemuth," who was 
to be summoned in Norfolk. 7 In 1175 the same Adam was charged 
with the debt in Norfolk "for the surety of Henry le Waleys of Burch " ; 
the hawk was to be demanded in Yorkshire. 8 In that year Robert le 
Waleys rendered account in Norfolk of mark for default as surety for 
some offender. 9 In 1180 the hawk was still due from Adam de Jernemuth, 
and the wife of Robert le Waleys of Norfolk was still engaged in reducing 
her husband's debt. 10 

Robert le Waleys may have succeeded his father in or before 1179, in 
which year he gave 2 marks to agree possibly with Humphrey de Ouston, 
or William de Langetueit. 11 In 1185 he was the tenant under the 
Templars of a mill at Burgh Wallis. 12 It is possible that Seacroft and 
Newton Wallis, or some other estates in Yorkshire, constituted the half fee 
which Henry le Waleys held in 1166 of Guy de Laval; for in 1187 and 
1190, Robert le Waleys paid scutage individually in respect of this half 
fee, 13 and in 1195 Hugh Bardulf accounted for los. in respect of the same 
feudal tenement, then held by Robert le Waleys, the service of which was 
in the king's hands because of the contention that had been between Henry 
de Lascy and Guy de Laval, 14 the half- fee having been attorned neither to 
Guy nor to the constable of Chester as late as the year I2OO. 15 

In 1195 an d I2DI Robert le Waleys was seneschal of Roger de Lascy. 
After Roger's death he proffered 1000 marks not to be compelled to render 
an account for the period during which he had been the said constable's 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall, 52. a ib., 120. 8 ib. 

4 Pipe R., 1 6 Hen. II, 45. e ib., n Hen. II, 7. 

6 ib,, 13 Hen. II, 19 ; 15 Hen. II, 32 ; and subsequent years. 

7 ib., 18 Hen. II, 59. 8 ib., 21 Hen. II, 124. ib., 119. 
10 ib., 26 Hen. II, 16-17. u *&. 25 Hen. II, 23. 

12 Mon. Angl., vi, 831^. " Pipe R., passim. 

14 ib., 7 Ric. I. u ib., 2 John. 



234 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

seneschal. 1 In 1213 the debtor was pardoned 200 marks of this fine. 2 
From Michaelmas, 1204, to Michaelmas, 1209, Robert le Waleys was 
under-sheriflf for his chief lord, Roger, constable of Chester. 3 He was 
living in 1219,* and died soon after, leaving Henry and Richard, his sons. 
Henry le Waleys released John de Midehope and his heirs from suit of court 
at Burghwallis, save when the king's writ was there, or when a thief 
should be judged there. The witnesses were : Robert de Stapleton, 
Adam de Everingham, Adam de Preston, William de Wenrevill, John le 
Smytheton, Reginald seneschal of Danecastre, Eudes de Sutton and 2 
others. 5 

1554. Grant by William son of Roger (de Burgwallis) to the monks 
of Pontefract of 3 acres in the middle field (of Sutton), called 
Priest-dales, J acre by the brook of Burgwallis, acre 
towards the moor, and toft, namely 2\ roods in Sutton. 
1170-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 46^. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 242. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Rogerii 
dedi et concessi et hac presenti karta mea confirmavi Deo et 
Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto iij acras in medio 
campo que vocantur " partes sacerdotis " et dimidiam acram 
super ductum 6 de Burg et alteram dimidiam acram adversus 
moram et dimidium toftum, scilicet duas rodas et dimidiam in 
Suttona, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et aisiamentis ad predictam terram pertinentibus, pro 
anima mea et pro animabus omnium antecessorum meorum. 
Testibus, Adam de Rainevilla, Adam de Prestuna, Willelmo de 
Prestuna, Petro de Toulistuna, Gilleberto fratre suo, Willelmo de 
Stubbes, Henrico et Ottone filiis ejus. 

1555. Confirmation by Adam son of Warner (de Sutton) to the 
monks of Pontefract of the gift made to them by William son 
of Roger of 3 acres in the field of Sutton, called Priest-dales, 
\ acre by the brook of Burghwallis, \ acre towards the 
moor, and \ toft, namely 2\ roods, in Sutton, to make an 
anniversary for Ralph monk of Stubbs(-Walden). 1 175-1 183. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. afcd. Pd. in Chartul. of Pont e~ 
fract, n. 241. 

Omnibus fidelibus sancte ecclesie Adam filius Warneri salutem. 
Notum sit vestre universitati quod ego Adam concede et hac mea 
carta confirmo Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto 
donationem quam fecit eis Willelmus filius Rogeri de feudo meo, 
videlicet tres acras in campo de Suttona que vocantur Prestedales, 
et dimidiam acram super ductum de Burg, et alteram dimidiam 
acram versus moram, et dimidium toftum, scilicet duas rodas et 

1 Pipe R., 13 John. 2 JR. de Fin., 493 

3 Dtp. Keeper's Rep., xxxi, app. 4, 363. * Pipe R., 3 Hen. III. 

6 Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 233^. 8 "duitu," MS. 



LASCY FEE: SUTTON, KIRKSTALL, MICKLEY 235 

dimidiam rodam, in Suttona, in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, cum omnibus pertinentiis et aisiamentis ad predictam 
terram pertinentibus, pro anima mea et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorum meorum, ad faciendum anniversarium Radulfi 
monachi de Stubbis. Hujus rei testes sunt, magister Ailbinus, 
Adam filius Petri, Thomas frater suus, Robertus de Stapiltona, 
Petrus de Toulistona, Willelmus filius Walding, Henricus et Otto 
et Robertus filii sui, Willelmus de Michlefeld, Geraldus de Luter- 
tona, Thomas dapifer, Willelmus frater suus, Herebertus filius 
Willelmi, Henricus filius Petri, Nigellus de Witewode et aliis. 

1556. Confirmation by Robert le Peitevin to abbot Alexander and 
11. the monks (of Kirkstall) of the gift made by Henry de Lascy, 
his lord, and William le Peitevin, the grantor's knight, of 
Kirkstall and Le Clos, the mill, Mickley, Westrode and 
Eschelerode and land from the syke of the mill to the bounds 
of Lindley. 115 3-^. 1 1 60. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. iSd. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 73. 

Notum sit omnibus tam futuris quam presentibus quod ego 
Robertus Pictavensis et heredes mei concedimus Alexandro 
abbati et monachis suis et eorum successoribus illam donationem 
terre quam fecit eis dominus meus Henricus de Laci et Willelmus 
Pictavensis miles meus et heredes sui, Kirkestal videlicet et Le 
Clos et molendinum et Micclelaeia et Westrode et Eschelerode et 
de sic[a] molendini usque ad terminos de Linleia per semitam 
superiorem, et terre sue communitatem in omnibus, id est in 
silvis et aquis, in pratis et pascuis, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Testes multi. 

The charter of William le Peitevin of this gift, is in similar terms ; but 
in place of " Kirkestal videlicet " it contains this fuller description : " locum 
suum de Kirkestal cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, scilicet Le Clos" down 
to " semitam superiorem " and then adds " Colswainerode." l The term 
" locum suum de K." indicates that the monks were already in possession 
of the site of the later abbey, its buildings and purlieus. 

The following notes on the family of Peitevin will not be out of place 
here. At the foundation of the chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, circa 
1090, Roger le Peitevin I gave two thraves of the tithe of his land of Altofts 
and Towton. 2 Roger held Altofts, then named " Westrebi,"and Whitwood 
of Ilbert de Lascy at the Survey. 3 Roger le Peitevin II gave a mill in 
Saxton to St. Oswald's, Nostell, in the time of Henry I. 4 In 1130 he ac- 
counted for 20 marks, in which sum he had been condemned by the justices 
at Blythe. 5 In the reign of Stephen he attested the confirmation of Ilbert 
de Lascy to Pontefract. 6 Robert his son was the grantor of several 
charters printed below. Before August, 1158, and possibly before July, 1157, 
he gave a bovate in Altofts to Pontefract. 7 In 1166 he held 3 knights' fees 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 77. 

* Man. AngL, v, 128/5. 3 Dom. Bk., 317. 

* Man. Angl., vi, 92^. 8 R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 27. 

' n. 1493 above. 7 Chartul. of Pontefract, 70, 108. 



2^6 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

\_? 

of Henry de Lascy. 1 He died about 1180, certainly before 1186, and was 
succeeded by his son, Roger 1 1 1, who married Hawise, granddaughter and 
one of the heirs of Walter Falconer of Monkton. 2 Roger III had issue 
Robert, who married Alice, afterwards the wife of Roger de Birkin, and 
died without issue in 1202 or 1203, and Roger IV, heir to his said brother, 
who married Idonea daughter of Hugh de Lelay. After Roger's death in 
1224 she married Adam de Nereford. 3 

Roger le Peitevin III died about 1196, in which year Robert, his eldest 
son, was amerced for an unjust disseisin. 4 It is unnecessary to trace the 
descent further seeing that Mr. Paley Baildon has given us a full account 
of the family of Peitevin, or Poitevin, of Altofts in his history of Baildon and 
the Baildons. b 

It is improbable that William le Peitevin of Headingley was a brother of 
Robert le Peitevin of Altofts. It is more likely that he descended from a 
brother of Roger I, seeing that when the chapel of St. Clement was founded 
Headingley does not appear to have been in the demesne of Roger I. 

1557. Confirmation by Robert le Peitevin to abbot Alexander and 
the monks of Kirkstall of the gift made by William (le Peitevin) 
of Headingley, of 2 carucates in West Headingley and \ 
carucate in East Headingley, being all the arable land from 
the upper ford of the water of Horsford by certain bounds 
to the place where Helleclive-syke falls into the Aire. 1154- 
c. 1170. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 19. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 79. 

Notum sit presentibus et futuris quod ego Robertus Picta- 
vfensis] et heredes mei concedimus Alexandro abbati et successori- 
bus ejus et monachis de Kirkestal, pro salute animarum nostrarum, 
illam donationem terre quam fecit eis Willelmus de Haddingeleia, 
duas videlicet karucatas terre in West-haddingeleia et dimidiam 
karucatam in Hest-haddingeleia, omnem scilicet terrain arabilem 
a vado superiori aque de Horsseforda per antiquam viam et 
sepem veterem usque ad fontem Rodberti et sicut rivus ipsius 
fontis cadit in Helleclivesic et sicut Helleclivesic derivatur in 
Heir. Concedimus etiam eis omnem boscum intra easdem metas 
inclusam, necnon et communitatem relique terre in bosco, in 
prato, in aquis et pascuis et in omnibus eidem terre adjacentibus, 
secundum conventionem quam cyrographum inter eos confir- 
matum continet. Et hoc eis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
presenti carta confirmamus. Testes multi. 

This confirmed a gift of William le Peitevin of Headingley, which was 
expressed in similar terms to this confirmation and reserved a yearly rent of 
2 marks, 6 and was evidently executed at a subsequent date to that which 
the last charter confirmed. The omission of the witnesses' names deprives 
us of all means of estimating the interval of time which may have elapsed 
between the issue of the first charter and this further grant. 

1 RedBk.,^22. * Testa, 31 1, 337^. See Paynel fee. 

3 Herald and Ge>ualog. t v, 235-243 ; Baildon, The Baildons, i, 287 ff. 

4 Pipe R., 8 Ric. 6 vol. i, 287-300. 
Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 75. 



LASCY FEE: HEADINGLEY 237 

1558. Confirmation by Robert le Peitevin to the monks of Kirkstall 
of 4 carucates in West Headingley and J carucate in East 
Headingley with the common rights, as William le Peitevin 
gave them. c. 1160^.1180. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. iSct. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n, 76. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus 
quam futuris quod ego Robertus Pictavensis concessi et hac mea 
carta confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie de Kirkestal et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus iiii or carucatas terre in West-haddinge- 
leia et dimidiam carucatam in Est-haddingeleia cum omnibus 
libertatibus et pertinentiis suis in boscho et piano, in pratis et 
pasturis, in viis et semitis et cetere terre communitatibus et 
omnibus locis terre pertinentibus, sicut Willelmus Pictavensis eis 
dedit et concessit et carta sua confirmavit. Ita quod [si] predicta 
terra pro defectu servitii sive alio aliquo casu aliquando in meas 
manus seu heredum meorum ceciderit, ipsi monachi de me et 
heredibus meis eandem terram tenebunt qua de Willelmo et 
heredibus suis conventione tenent, donee Willelmus et heredes 
ejus [illam] recuperare potuerint. Testes multi. 

The charter of William le Peitevin, which this confirms, was made to 
abbot Alexander, namely of 2 carucates together with the 2 carucates 
which he had previously given in West Headingley, together with " Le 
Norwde." Only I mark of rent was reserved, and the monks gave the 
donor 3 marks and his wife a cow, 4 ewes and 12 pence for acknowledg- 
ment. 1 As the monastery was still paying 2 marks of rent to the family of 
Peitevin as late as the year 131 i, 2 the other mark of rent may have been 
paid for the \ carucate in East Headingley. 

Thomas le Peitevin, son and heir of William le Peitevin, gave i carucate 
in East Headingley to his nephew, William, son of Ralph the Falconer by 
his wife Wimarc, sister of the said Thomas, which carucate the same Ralph 
and Wimarc then or previously held. 3 Afterwards, the same Thomas con- 
firmed to the monks the gift of this carucate from the same Wimarc and 
her son William, together with the wood called " Le Meenewude." The 
monks were to do the forinsec service of half a carucate, where 8 carucates 
made a knight's fee ; they were not to erect a grange or sheep-fold, nor 
more than 3 dwelling-houses on the land. 4 Thomas le Peitevin was living 
in 1199, and was probably dead in 1207.* 

1559. Cyrograph of an agreement made between the church of 

Kirkstall and that of Holy Trinity, York, whereby the church 
of Kirkstall will render yearly to Holy Trinity 205. as compensa- 
tion for the tithes which that church used to have of the lands 
held by the monks of Kirkstall, namely of 4 carucates in West 
Headingley, car. in East Headingley, 2 car. in West Allerton, 
i bovate in East Allerton when they till it with their own oxen, 
the ridding of Linley and of Mickley, the enclosure of 
Westrode, and Bramley dale; if other lands be acquired, 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 78. 

* ib., p. 58, n. 2. * id., n. 80. 

4 ib., n. 72. * ib., p. 61, note by Mr. Lancaster. 



238 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

thraves are to be rendered, and if the lands lose value, the 
rent is to be reduced. 



Bodl. Lib. Oxon., Yorks. ch. n. 4. Pd. in Couchtr of Kirkstall < nos. 134 
and 349. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presenti- 
bus quam futuris hanc conventionem factam esse inter ecclesiam 
de Kirkestal et ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatis Eboracensis consilio 
et consensu utriusque capituli : quod ecclesia de Kirkestal singulis 
annis in perpetuum reddet ecclesie Sancte Trinitatis xx. solidos 
pro recompensatione decimarum quas habere solebant de terris 
quas monachi de Kirkestal tenent in parrochia de Ledes : scilicet, 
quatuor carrucatas terre in West Hadigleia, dimidiam in Est 
Hadigleia, duas carrucatas in West Alretuna, unam bovetam in 
Est Alretuna, cum illam propriis carrucis coluerint ; essartum 
de Linleia, de Miclaleia, le enclos Westrode, vallem de Bramleia ; 
ita ut idem xx. solidi reddantur ad festum Sancti Martini. Et si 
monachi de Kirkestal amplius terre culte in predicta parrochia 
adquisierint, garbas reddant ; quod si forte terre ille predicte 
aliquo casu decreverint, rationali intuitu redditus decrescat. 
Hujus conventionis testes sunt : x Ricardus abbas de Fontibus, 
Ricardus monachus ejus, Thomas films Wlfieti et Thomas et 
Adam filii ejus, Rainerius filius Martini, Willelmus Sarracenus 
et Herueus filius ejus, Rodbertus de Sancto Jacobo, Willelmus 
presbiter et Rodbertus filius ejus, Thomas et Andreas famuli 
Sancte Trinitatis. 

1560. Letter of Richard, abbot of Selby, Hamon, treasurer of York, 
and Lisiard, canon of York, reciting a mandate of pope 
Innocent III to them directed, to enforce the agreement 
(given above) between the monks of Kirkstall and those of 
Holy Trinity, York, dated 9 Dec., 1204, and reciting the said 
agreement verbatim ; further reciting the answer of the abbot 
and monks of Kirkstall that they had observed the terms of 
that agreement for 50 years past; and further reciting a new 
agreement whereby Robert, prior of Holy Trinity, York, and 
his monks granted to Ralph, abbot of Kirkstall, and his 
monks tithes of corn and vegetables issuing from 2 carucates 
in East Allerton, late of Samson, as compensation for tithes 
of 2 carucates in West Allerton, which the convent of Holy 
Trinity shall have ; and that the monks of Kirkstall will give 
to those of Holy Trinity for the sake of peace $s. yearly of 
increase, and will remit the tithes of 18 acres of land, part of 
those 2 car. in East Allerton, of i bovate in East Allerton, 
which Gilbert Albus held, and of half the ridding called 
Aldretrode ; saving to Kirkstall the tithes of 2 acres in that 
ridding, by them improved, and of half Aldretrode ; and that 

1 Nearly one line left Wank, 



LASCY FEE: WEST ALLERTON 239 

if those 2 car. in West Allerton, or any other lands in the 
parish of Leeds, not described in the first or second agree- 
ment, come to the possession of Kirkstall, the convent of 
Holy Trinity shall receive the tithes thereof. 1 1205. 

From the orig. in the Lib. of Christ Church, Oxon. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
R[icardus] abbas de Selebi, H[amo] thesaurarius et L[isiardus] 
canonicus Ebor[acensis] salutem in Domino. Mandatum domini 
pape in hec uerba suscepimus : " Innocentius episcopus, seruus 
seruorum Dei, dilectis filiis abbati de Selebi Ebor[acensis] diocesis 
et thesaurario et magistro Lfjsiardo] canonico Ebor[acensi] salutem 
et apostolicam benedictionem. Lecta nobis prioris et monacorum 
Sancte Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] petitio continebat quod monachi 
de Kirkestal, Cisterciensis ordinis Ebor[acensis] diocesis, com- 
positionem quandam, quam cum ipsis super quibusdam decimis 
rationabiliter inierunt, uiolare presumunt. Quocirca discretioni 
uestre per apostolica scripta mandamus quatinus compositionem 
illam, sicut sine prauitate prouide facta est et ab utraque parte 
sponte recepta, faciatis appellatione remota firmiter obseruari, 
nullis literis ueritati et iusticie preiudicantibus a sede apostolica 
impetratis. Quod si non omnes hiis exequendis potueritis interesse 
duo uestrum ea nichilominus exequantur. Datum Rome apud 
Sanctum Petrum v idus Decembris pontificatus nostri anno vii." 
Huius auctoritate mandati partibus in presentia nostra constitutis, 
prior et conuentus Sancte Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] proponebant 
abbatem et monacos de Kirkestal iniuste et contra formam 
compositionis inter ecclesiam de Kirkestal et ecclesiam Sancte 
Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] olim factam decimationes deduabus caru- 
catis terre in Est Allerton eis subtraxisse, et ad maiorem cause 
sue assertionem cartam quandam proferebant signatam sigillo 
abbatis de Kirkestal in hec uerba. 2 Abbas uero et monachi de 
Kirkestal econtra respondebant se per quinquaginta annos pre- 
dictas decimationes inconcusse possedisse et priorem et monacos 
Sancte Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] singulis annis pro dictis decima- 
tionibus censum annuum continue recepisse, et se nichil contra 
compositionem indebite usurpasse, cum non amplius terre adhuc 
habent quam in initio prime compositionis habuerunt. Cumque 
partes hinc inde in presentia nostra essent constitute amicabili 
compositione de utriusque partis assensu lis inter eos mota sub 
hac forma pacis sopita est : R[obertus] prior et conuentus Sancte 
Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] concesserunt R[adulfo] abbati et monachis 
de Kirkestal omnes decimationes bladi et leguminis prouenientes 
de duabus carucatis terre in Est Allerton' que fuerunt Samsonis, 

1 From a copy supplied by the courtesy of the Rev. H. Salter, Shirburn Vicarage, 
Oxon. 

2 Here follows the agreement printed above, with some slight variations of 
spelling, and only the first witness, 



240 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

quicumque eas coluerit, pro commutatione decimarum duarum 
carucatarum terre in West Allerton' que expresse sunt in 
prima compositione quas prior et conuentus Sancte Trinitatis 
Ebor[acensis] habebunt in perpetuum, quicumque eas coluerit. Et 
pro hac commutatione et concessione pro pace reformanda et lite 
super hoc in perpetuum sopienda dabunt abbas et conuentus de 
Kirkestal priori et conuentui Sancte Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] in 
perpetuum annuatim tres solidos argenti de incremento ad festum 
Sancti Martini. Insuper abbas et conuentus de Kirkestal remise- 
runt predictis priori et monachis Sancte Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] 
decimationes decem et octo acrarum terre quas homines eorum 
tenuerunt tempore huius compositionis que sunt de predictis 
duabus carucatis terre in Est Allerton' et decimationes unius 
bouate in Est Allerton' quam Gilebertus Albus tenuit et decima- 
tiones dimidii essarti quod dicitur Aldretrode, quicunque eas 
terras coluerit, saluis predictis abbati et monachis de Kirkestal 
decimationibus duarum acrarum in predicto essarto quas ipsi 
essartauerunt, quicumque eas coluerit, et saluis sibi decimationibus 
medietatis essarti quod dicitur Aldretrode, quicumque illud 
coluerit. Si uero dicte due carucate terre de West Allertone uel 
alie quecunque terre in parochia de Ledis que non sunt expresse 
in prima uel in secunda compositione ad predictos abbatem et 
monachos de Kirkestal deuenerint, prior et monachi Sancte 
Trinitatis Ebor[acensis] libere et sine contradictione decimas 
percipient. Ne autem ea que coram nobis amicabiliter sopita 
sunt rediuiua contentione possint suscitari, sigilla nostra una 
cum sigillis utriusque capituli duximus apponenda. 

The fourth seal, which in this case would be that of Kirkestal, is wanting ; 
the others have been photographed. 

1561. Notification by Robert le Peytevin to Roger, archbishop, and 
the chapter of St. Peter's, York, of his confirmation to the 
canons of St. Oswald of the gift made by Roger, his father, 
of the mill in Saxton, and of his own gift of i2s. yearly until 
the mill should be repaired, by reason of its destruction dur- 
ing the war. When repaired he will give the canons us. 
yearly, or keep a moiety of the mill, at their choice. 1154- 
"75- 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 18 (old p. 33), on a slip inserted in the 
MS.; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, f. ud. 

Rogero Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo totique capitulo 
Sancti Petri Eboracensis Robertus Pictaviensis salutem. Noverit 
universitas vestra me concessisse pro salute anime mee et presentis 
carte scripto confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et 
canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus donum quod pater meus Rogerus 
fecit eisdem canonicis de molendino in Saxtona pro salute anime 
sue ; et ego dabo eis per singulos annos xii. solidos quoadusque 



LASCY FEE: SAXTON 24! 

molendinum reparatum fuerit ; per guerram enim destructum 
fuit. Et cum reparatum fuerit, in electione predictorum canoni- 
corum erit et arbitrio utrum dabo eis xi. solidos annuatim aut 
habebunt de cetero medietatem in molendino. Hujus rei testes 
sunt, Vivianus decanus, magister Ricardus de Calz, etc. 

1562. Notification by Robert le Peytevin of his gift, made in the 
presence of Robert, the dean, and the chapter of St. Peter's, 
York, for the health of the soul of his lord Henry [de Lascy], 
his wife and sons, to the brethren of the hospital of St. Peter 
of the advowson which he had in the church of Saxton, and 
also an orchard in that town and the slope of a hill (called 
Maidencastle) on the east by the old ditch etc., with common 
rights, and as much land in the fields of Saxton as he had in 
Woodhouse, until he was able to release to them the land of 
Woodhouse. ^.1160-1174. 
Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Nero D. iii, f. i$d. 

Notum sit archiepiscopo Eboracensi et capitulo Sancti Petri 
et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris quod ego Robertus Pictaviensis, assensu uxoris mee et 
filiorum meorum, in presentia Roberti decani et capituli Sancti 
Petri concessi et dedi et super altare Beati Petri obtuli Deo et 
Sancto Petro et pauperibus hospitalis Sancti Petri illam dona- 
tionem et advocationem quam habui in ecclesia de Saxtuna, in 
liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; et quoddam 
virgultum in villa ; et preter hoc latus cujusdam mentis versus 
orientem per vetus fossatum usque ad viam venientem s[ub?] 
Saxt[una] l et inde per quoddam spissum frutectum quod ibi 
descendit in aquam ; cum communi pastura ejusdem ville. 
Preterea vero sciendum est me concessisse predictis pauperibus 
tantum terre in campis de Saxtuna quantum habetur in Wdehusa 2 
in bosco et piano, donee terram de Wdhusa [eis] 3 adquietare 
potero ; et predicti pauperes terram suam, scilicet de Wdehuse 
in bene 4 et in pace habebunt sicut liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, solutam et quietam et immunem ab omnibus geldis 
et consuetudinibus et exactionibus et auxiliis et ab omni seculari 
servitio. Et ego habeo totam terram meam de Saxtuna, preter 
virgultum et latus mentis que eis dedi in elemosinam, sine hac 
cambicione, cum communi pastura. Hanc autem donationem et 
concessionem feci pro salute anime mee et remissione peccatorum 
meorum, et pro domino meo Henrico et uxore sua et filiis suis 
et pro uxore mea et filiis meis et pro animabus omnium ante- 
cessorum nostrorum, ut simus participes omnium beneficiorum 
et elemosinarum que fiunt vel facienda sunt in ilia domo Dei, in 
vita et in morte. Hujus rei hii sunt testes : Robertus decanus, 

1 perhaps corrupt. a "Whehusa"; MS. 

3 See the ch. of Roger le Peytevin. * sic. 

Ill O 



242 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Simon canonicus, Hugo filius decani, Cutbertus prior de 
Gisaburna, Ricardus prior de Nofburga, Radulfus frater prioris, 
Robertas magister scolarum, Picotus presbiter de Revest[ario], 
Radulfo de Perceio, Alexander presbiter, Robertas Moreb, 
Gaufridus Morell', Osbertus presbiter, Lambertus presbiter, 
Eustachius presbiter, Elyas presbiter, Petrus clericus de Hemel- 
[seia], Robertas diaconus, Stephanus de Dychah', Gwillelmus 
de Briddesh[ala], Robertas filius ejus, Ricardus Malherba, 
Uctredus l frater ejus, Rogerus Richar, et multi alii. 

Robert le Peytevin apparently died whilst Robert was archdeacon of 
York, that is before 1186, for the archdeacon attests the confirmation of 
this charter by Roger le Peytevin, son of Robert. In the time of Henry III 
the hospital obtained from Roger le Peytevin a confirmation of the gifts 
made to it by his ancestors and their men in Saxton and Woodhouse and 
of the right of patronage of the church.* 

1563. Notification of Roger le Peytevin of his confirmation to the 
brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of the gift of 
(Robert) his father of the advowson of the church of Saxton, 
an orchard in the town of Saxton, and the slope of a hill 
called Maidencastle. 1175-1186. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Nero D. iii, f. i$d. 

Notum sit archiepiscopo Eboracensi totique capitulo Sancti 
Petri et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis quam presentibus 
quam futuris quod ego Rogerus Pictaviensis concessi et hac 
presenti carta confirmavi Deo et Sancto Petro et pauperibus 
hospitalis Beati Petri illam donationem et advocationem de 
ecclesia de Saxtuna cum omnibus appendiciis suis quam pater 
meus eis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam dederat, et quoddam 
virgultum in villa, et latus cujusdam montis qui dicitur Maidane- 
castell eisdem metis sicut continentur in carta patris mei, et 
communem pasturam ejusdem ville. Hec prefata predictis pau- 
peribus concessi et dedi in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
liberam, solutam, et quietam et ab omnibus geldis et con- 
suetudinibus et exactionibus et auxiliis immunem ; pro salute 
anime mee et remissione peccatorum meorum et pro animabus 
patris et matris mee et omnium antecessorum meorum, ut simus 
participes omnium beneficiorum etorationum que fiunt vel facienda 
sunt in ilia domo Dei, in vita et in morte. Hiis testibus : Roberto 
decano ecclesie Sancti Petri, magistro Roberto scolarum, Hugone 
canonico filio decani, Geroldo canonico, Alano canonico, Roberto 
de Musters et Gaufrido nepote suo, Roberto de Trehamtun, 
Conano de Kelkefeld, Adam Pict[aviensiJ et Willelmo fratre ejus, 
Hugone Marmiun, Radulfo capellano, 3 Johanne capellano, 
Turstino clerico, Roberto filio Gamelli. 

1 " Veterdus" ; MS. 2 Chartul., Nero D. iii, f. i$d. 

' " de Burnus " ; in another ch. 



LASCY FEE : SAXTON, WOODHOUSE 243 

1564. Grant by Roger le Peytevin to the brethren of the hospital of 

St. Peter, York, of as much land in the fields of Saxton as 
there was in Woodhouse, until he could release the land of 
Woodhouse to them, when they should have the land of 
Woodhouse in alms and he his land of Saxton saving the 
orchard, the slope of the hill (called Maidencastle) and common 
of pasture as in his father's charter. 1 1 75-1 186. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 1 13. 

Sciant omnes videntes vel audientes literas has quod ego 
Rogerus Pictaviensis concessi et dedi et hac presenti carta con- 
firmavi Deo et Sancto Petro et pauperibus hospitalis Sancti Petri 
Eboracensis tantum terre in campis de Saxtuna cum communi 
pastura ejusdem ville quantum habetur in Wdehusa in piano et 
in bosco donee terram de Wdehusa eis acquietare potero ; et 
tune fratres predicti hospitalis terram de Wdehusa in bene et 
pace habebunt sicut liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
et ego habebo terram meam de Saxtuna, preter virgultum et 
latus mentis et communem pasturam, sicut in carta patris mei 
continetur. Hec omnia predicta prefatis pauperibus confirmavi 
pro salute anime mee et pro animabus patris et matris mee et 
omnium antecessorum meorum, ut simus participes omnium 
beneficiorum et orationum que fiunt in ilia domo Dei nocte et die. 
Hiis testibus : Roberto decano ecclesie Sancti Petri, Roberto 
magistro scolarum, Hugone canonico filio decani, Nicholao 
canonico, Alano canonico, Geroldo canonico, Roberto de 
Dunistres l et Gaufrido nepote suo, Roberto de Trehamtuna, 2 
Cunano de Kelkefeld, Adam Pict[aviensi] et Willelmo fratre 
ejus, Hugone Marmiun, Radulfo capellano de Burnus, Johanne 
capellano, Turstino clerico. 

1565. Notification of Roger, archbishop of York and papal legate, 

of his confirmation to the brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, 
York, of the church of Saxton, to hold to their own uses, 
saving synodals and episcopal dues. 1177-1181. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Nero D. iii, f. gd. 

R[ogerus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus, apostolice 
sedis legatus, universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis hanc cartam 
visuris vel audituris salutem. Noverit universitas vestra nos 
dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et fratribus 
hospitalis Sancti Petri Eboracensis ecclesiam de Saxton cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, libere et quiete, imperpetuum possi- 
dendam et eorum usibus omnimodis profuturam, salvis sinodalibus 
et aliis honoribus episcopalibus. Hiis testibus : Hamonecantore 
Eboracensi, Radulfo archidiacono, Johanne archidiacono, Jeremia 
archidiacono, Roberto preposito Beverlacensi, Radulfo capellano, 

1 or " diunstres." a " Thehamtuna " ; MS. 



244 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Willelmo senescaldo, Nicholao, Gernagot, Adam de Thornour, 
Reginaldo Arundell, magistro Rogero medico, canonicis Ebora- 
censibus. 

1566. Grant by brother Swane, keeper of the hospital of St. Peter, 
York, to Lambert son of Ringolf in fee of carucate belong- 
ing to the church of Saxton, to hold for i mark yearly and 
upon condition that the land should never be alienated to any 
of the men of Robert le Peytevin. 1165-1175. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 118. 
Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
frater Suanus custos hospitalis Sancti Petri Eboracensis, com- 
muni consilio et assensu fratrum nostrorum, concessi et dedi 
Lamberto filio Ringolfi et heredibus suis dimidiam carucatam 
terre que pertinet ad ecclesiam de Saxton cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis infra villam et extra, ad tenendam de domo nostra in 
feodo et hereditate liberam et quietam et immunem ab omni 
servitio et consuetudine excepto Danegeldo si illud reddi debuerit ; 
reddendo domui nostre unam marcam argenti ; dimidium ad 
Pentecosten et dimidium ad festum Sancti Martini, tali etiam 
conventione quod ille nee heres ejus nulli de hominibus Rodberti 
Pictaviensis illam concedet. Hujus rei sunt testes : Johannes 
Letoldi archidiaconus, Simon de Sigillo canonicus, frater Ro- 
mundi (?),* Turstinus, Willelmus cellerarius, frater Paganus pres- 
biter et alius Paganus, frater Godfridus, Willelmus de Acum, 
et multi alii de domo ipsa, Willelmus de Stildemire, 2 Walterus 
filius Faganulfi, Petrus clericus de Hemelisei. 

1567. Notification of Henry de Lascy to the archbishop and chapter 

of St. Peter's of his confirmation, in which his wife and heirs 
joined, to the brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of 
the land of Woodhouse in Saxton given by Robert le Peytevin, 
his vassal, and that neither the grantor nor his heirs will levy 
any distress for default of the service of the said Robert. 
1165-1175. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 113. 
Notum sit archiepiscopo Eboracensi totique capitulo ecclesie 
Sancti Petri cunctisque sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris 
quam presentibus quod ego Henricus de Laceio et uxor mea 
et heredes mei concedimus et confirmamus Deo et pauperibus 
hospitalis Sancti Petri totam terram quam Robertus Pictaviensis 
homo meus eis dedit et carta sua confirmavit : scilicet, tantum 
terre in Sextun quantum est in Wdahusum in bosco et in 
piano, liberam et quietam et ab omnibus consuetudinibus et 
humanis servitiis immunem, sicut liberam et puram et perpetuam 

1 "can' fr'i undi" ; MS. * i.e. "Tildemire." 



LASCY FEE : WOODHOUSE IN SAXTON 245 

elemosinam ; ita l quod ego Henricus nee heredes mei nullum 
namium capiemus pro defectu alicujus servitii quod Robertus 
homo meus mihi et iheredibus meis facere debeat, ut simus 
participes omnium beneficiorum et orationum que fiunt in ilia 
sancta domo nocte et die, in vita et in morte. Amen. Valete. 
Hiis testibus : Osberto archidiacono, Arnaldo presbitero, David 
presbitero, Lamberto medico, Gilleberto de Laceio, Adam filio 
Petri, Aschetino de Malnver ; Osberto, Willelmo de Holand, 
Roberto Camerario, Simone de Scor', Roberto de Scor', Roberto 
Avello, Willelmo de Sancta Lege. 

1568. Grant by William de St. Eloy and Emma his wife to the 
brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of the land in 
Woodhouse, which Richard de Ulfskelf previously gave them, 
and as he set the bounds thereof before the said William and 
others, and which he gave for fulfilment of fraternity which he 
had promised. 1170-1177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 140. 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presenti- 
bus quam futuris quod ego Willelmus de Sancta Lege et Emma 
uxor mea dedimus et concessimus Deo et pauperibus hospitalis 
Sancti Petri Eboracensis totam terram in Wdehuse quam Ricar- 
dus de Ulfskelf eis prius dederat, sicut ipse Ricardus perambu- 
lavit coram me ipso et magistro Roberto et pluribus aliis eisdem 
metis quas ipse posuit. Et hoc concessimus eis in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, liberam, solutam et quietam ab omni 
seculari servitio preter orationes pauperum. Hanc elemosinam 
dedit Ricardus pauperibus ad persolvendam fraternitatem quam 
ipse domo spoponderat, cum pastura quantitati terre illius per- 
tinenti. Hiis testibus: Roberto decano, Simone canonico, Gerold 
canonico, Waltero clerico, Petro capellano, magistro Ricardo 
decani clerico, Nicholao capellano Alani, Johanne clerico, Willelmo 
clerico de Slengesby. 

1569. Grant by William de St. Eloy and Emma his wife to Robert 
Brun of Coney-street (in York) and Mabel his wife of a moiety 
of the land of Woodhouse, to hold in fee for mark yearly 
and by doing the service of a 6th part of a knight; with 
warranty, or in default thereof an exchange, and in default of 
an exchange the return of his money, namely 4 marks and a 
lady's robe worth 20*. 1170-1177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. \ifl.d. 
Notum sit omnibus has literas visuris et a\idituris tam 
presentibus quam futuris quod ego Willelmus de Sancta Lege 2 
et Emma uxor mea concessimus et dedimus Roberto Brun de 

1 " quod ita " ; MS. 

* Elsewhere " de Sancto Eligio," or "de Sancto Elogio." 



246 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Cunigstreta et Mabille uxori ejus et heredibus suis dimidiam 
terram de Wudeusum, tenendam de nobis et de heredibus nostris 
in feudo et hereditate, libere et quiete, dando nobis dimidiam 
marcam unoquoque anno et faciendo nobis servitium sexte partis 
militis unius. Et hoc concessimus eis et heredibus suis hoc 
modo tenendam de nobis et de heredibus nostris, liberam et 
quietam ab omnibus aliis servitiis, in bosco, in piano et pratis 
et aquis et pasturis et in omnibus rebus adjacentibus. Et hanc 
warantizabimus eis et heredibus suis : quod si non poterimus, 
scambiam ad valens eis dabimus ; si autem scambiam dare non 
poterimus pecuniam suam eis reddemus, scilicet, iiii. marcas et 
pallium domine de xx. solidis. Hujus rei testes sunt : Nicholaus 
sacerdos de Tatacastre, Willelmo Vavasur, Bertram de Stivetun, 
Robertus frater ejus, Henricus de Dai et frater ejus, Jurdan 
filius Rodberti, Alanus Brun, Willelmus filius Rodberti, Gile- 
bertus Malcuvenant, Robertus de Cundal, Odo frater ejus, 
Hernis, Alredus, Rodbertus de Cockesfort et filii sui, Hugo 
nepos Mabille, Recelin de Coletun, Simon de Coletun, Willelmus 
de Leda, Gilebertus de Ulfscelf. 

1570. Confirmation by Robert le Peytevin to Robert Brun of the 
agreement made between the last-named Robert and William 
de St. Eloy and Emma his wife touching the land of Wood- 
house. 1170-1177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 142^. 

Sciant universi tarn posteri quam presentes quod ego Robertus 
Pictaviensis concede et presentis scripti munimine confirmo 
Roberto Brun conventionem quam ipse Robertus et Willelmus 
de Sancta Lege et Emma sponsa sua de terra de Wdehuse 
inierunt. Hiis testibus : Willelmo Barri, Reginald Chefre, 
Ricardo Mal-herbe, Rainkill, Willelmo filio Thome, Hugone filio 
Ot[onis], Rogero filio Alsi, Thoma filio Normanni, Willelmo filio 
Barri, Hugone filio Rogeri, Ingeram filio Reineri, Roberto 
Snawedun, Hugone nepote Mabille. 

1571. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy to Robert Brun of the last- 

named agreement. 11701177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 142^. 
Sciant omnes tarn futuri quam presentes quod ego Henricus 
de Laci concedo et presentis scripti munimine confirmo Roberto 
Brun conventionem quam ipse Robertus et Willelmus de Sancta 
Lege et Emma sponsa sua de terra de Wdehuse inierunt, salvo 
servitio meo. Hiis testibus : Willelmo Vavesur, Ricardo Vavesur, 
Henrico de Daie, Suano capellano, Hugone filio Malgeri, Willelmo 
filio Henrici de Daie, Aldredo nepote Roberti Brun, Rogero coco 
H[enrici] de Laci. 



LASCY FEE : WOODHOUSE 247 

1572. Grant by William de St. Eloy and Emma his wife to the 

brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of the moiety of 

Woodhouse, which adjoins their alms previously given by the 

donors and which used to render to the donors mark yearly 

of farm, and grant of zod. yearly of this farm ; to hold by 

rendering $s. yearly and doing forinsec service belonging to a 

6th part of a knight ; also licence to make a ditch through the 

donors' land to the brethren's court in case they desired to 

construct a (water-)mill there. The donors (and Thomas son 

of Robert of York) pledged themselves in the court of Henry 

de Lascy to keep this covenant. 1170-1177. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 140. 

Sciant omnes videntes vel audientes literas has quod ego 

Willelmus de Sancto Eligio et Emma sponsa mea et heredes 

nostri concessimus et dedimus et present! carta nostra confirma- 

vimus Deo et hospitali Beati Petri Eboracensis medietatem 

totius Wdehuse cum omnibus appendiciis suis ; que videlicet 

medietas reddebat nobis prius singulis annis.dimidiam marcam 

de firma. Et de hac dimidia marca quam debemus habere an- 

nuatim de firma concessimus et dedimus predicto hospitali xx. 

denarios annuatim in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, quiscumque 

supradictam de nobis tenuerit medietatem, et quinque solidos 

reddet nobis hospitale annuatim de medietate ilia pro omni ser- 

vitio quod ad nos inde pertinet, seu quicumque preter hospitale 

eadem de nobis tenuerit medietatem, dimidium scilicet ad Pente- 

costen et dimidium ad festum Sancti Martini, et faciendo nobis 

forense servitium, videlicet quantum pertinet ad sextam partem 

militis. Supradicta siquidem medietas adjacet juxta elemosinam 

quam prius habuit de nobis prefatum hospitale in Wdehuse, 

positis inter utrumque certis metis et divisis. Insuper etiam 

eidem concessimus hospitali facere unum fossatum de terra nostra 

usque in curtem suam si ibi molendinum constituere velit. Ad 

istud quidem legaliter tenendum ego predictus Willelmus et sponsa 

mea in curia Henrici de Lacy fidem nostram coram istis astrinxi- 

mus : scilicet, Roberto Pictaviensi, Otone de Tilli, Willelmo filio 

Bernardi, Alexandro de Rievill, Roberto de Stocket[on], Gille- 

berto de Ulscel. Totius hujus rei sunt hii testes : Robertus 

decanus Eboracensis ecclesie, Simon de Sigillo et Geroldus 

canonici ecclesie Beati Petri Eboracensis, Willelmus films Tosti, 

canonicus ejusdem ecclesie ; Robertus capellanus decani, Ra- 

dulfus capellanus Willelmi filii Tosti, Robertus Schire, vicarius 

ecclesie Beati Petri, Radulfus et Nicholaus presbiteri, Alanus 

filius Torph[ini], Walterus de Rie, Martinus Mala-herba, Hugo 

pistor Rogeri de Molbrai, Torphinus filius Torph[ini], Rogerus 

presbiter de Pontefracto, Henricus Walensis, Thomas filius 

Roberti de Eboraco, qui suscepit fidem a predicto Willelmo et 

sponsa sua de prefata conventione fideliter tenenda ; Rainkillus 

et Sanson sellarius de Eboraco, Aldredus. 



248 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1573. Grant by Roger le Peytevin to Hugh, his brother, in considera- 

tion of taking upon himself, in place of the donor, the journey 
to Jerusalem, of all his land in Normanton (near Wakefield). 
11901215. 

From the evidences of (William?) Mallet of Normanton, esq. ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxvii, f. 22 d. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerius Picta- 
viensis dedi, concessi et presenti carta confirmavi Hugoni fratri 
meo pro homagio et servitio suo, et pro itinere quod pro me sus- 
cepit lerosolimam portando, totam terram quam tenui in Nor- 
manton cum omnibus pertinentiis. Hiis testibus: Jurdano de 
Sancta Maria, Johanne de Birkin, Willelmo Grammatico, Wil- 
lelmo de Bellomun[te], Adam de Wanervill, Roberto Walensi, 
Yvone de Lungvilers, Willelmo de Lungvilers, Thoma de Rayn- 
vill, etc. 

1574. Grant by William de Rainevill to abbot Alexander and the 
12. monks of Kirkstall, for the health of the soul of Cecily his 

wife, of land and wood (in Bramley) between the path of the 
ford of Horsforth and " Asselia," and all " Asselia," which his 
father gave them, with pasturage. 1154-1175. 
Chartul. of Kirkstall ; Duchy of Lane., Miscel. Bks., n. J. Pd. in the 
Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 83. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis tam presentibus quam 
futuris quod ego Willelmus de Rainavilla, concessione filii mei et 
heredis Ade, dedi Deo et Sancte Marie et abbati Alexandro de 
Kirkestal et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus, in perpetuam et 
puram elemosinam, pro salute anime mee et patris et matris mee 
et uxoris mee Cecilie et infantum meorum, totam terram cum 
bosco et aqua a semita vadi de Horsford per sepem eorum, sicut 
nos, ego scilicet et ipsi monachi, cum testibus subscriptis per- 
ambulavimus, usque ad Asseliam, et totam Asseliam cum omni- 
bus que pater meus prefato loco dedit et ego postea addidi, 
scilicet per sepem monachorum super pedem mentis de Micherich 
usque ad pedem alterius mentis juxtapositi et sic per pedem 
ipsius montis usque ad fossatum juxta viam que descendit de 
Ermeleia in magnam aquam. Concedimus etiam eis pasturam 
ad centum capras et ad xx li vaccas et ad boves prefatam terram 
arantes et ad sexaginta porcos tempore glandis, ut habeant 
hec omnia libere et quiete in perpetuam et puram elemosinam, 
\f\ < y preter molasguas mihi et hominibus meis retineo, sed et monachi 
de ipsis molis ad opus suum accipient. Hujus rei testes sunt 
A. et B. 

At the foundation of the chapel of St. Clement in Pontefract castle circa 
1090 Ilbert de Ramosvill l gave 2 thraves of his demesne in Campsall, that 
is one-fifth of the tithe. 1 From Ilbert descended Adam de Rainevill, who 

1 Perhaps a misreading for " Rainesvill." Ranville is near Caen. 
1 Mon. AngL, v, 






LASCY FEE: NORMANTON, BRAMLEY 249 

gave to St. Oswald's, Nostell, in the time of Henry I a bovate of land in 
" Histoft." l According to an early genealogical account of the family, which 
is preserved in the Chartulary of Kirkstall, 2 Adam de Rainevill "vetus" 
had issue : William, Adam, Swain ( ? lege Reiner), and Jordan. William 
had Adam, who had the town of Bramley (and Armley) by hereditary right. 
The younger Adam gave Armley, a member of Bramley, to Adam his uncle, 
who died without issue. Adam then gave it to Robert, the son of his uncle, 
Jordan de Rainevill. Adam "vetus" gave the town of Badsworth with the 
advowson of the church to his son Swain (Hervey ?). Hervey de Rainevill 
was a tenant of the honor of Skipton in n66, 3 at which time William de 
Rainevill, his elder brother, held 4 knights' fees of Henry de Lascy.* At 
the time of the removal of the monks of Barnoldswick to Kirkstall, namely 
in 1154, William de Rainevill's estate of Bramley and Armley adjoined that 
of William the Poitevin in Headingley, being separated by the river Aire, 
the "magna aqua" of this charter.' William de Rainevill was amerced in 
1 1 66 for a crown plea which had been concealed by the wapentake court of 
Morley. 6 He was living in 1168, but died before 1177, when Adam de 
Rainevill (his son) was seneschal of Henry de Lascy. 7 Adam de Rainevill 
proffered loos, in 1 179 for respite of a plea until Roger de Lascelles should 
be of age. 8 It is possible that Adam had married a sister of Roger de 
Lascelles and had acquired land in Warlaby or Sowber, which Robert de 
Rainevill held in 1208. 9 Adam de Rainevill II was the sewer of Robert de 
Lascy during the period H77-U93, 10 and constable of Roger de Lascy 
during that from 1193 to 12 ii. 11 He recovered the advowson of a mediety 
of the church ofCampsall in 1208 against Henry de Puiset and Dionisia his 
wife, and for their release gave them and the heirs of Dionisia his right in 
the advowson of a mediety of the chapel of Fenwick. 12 This agreement 
bears upon the division of Campsall between the families of Tilly, Foliot 
and Rainevill. 

Thomas de Rainevill predeceased his father, Adam II, in 1218, having 
married Eva, daughter of Hugh de Boby, by whom he had issue Adam III. 18 
Among the estates assigned to Eva in dower by Adam de Rainevill II was 
a knight's fee in Askern held by Maurice de Askerne. There are numerous 
charters of, and references to, Adam II, Thomas his son, and Adam III, 
son of the said Thomas, in the chartularies of Kirkstall and Pontefract. 14 
The pedigree of the family compiled by Mr. Richard Holmes is full of 
errors. 15 

1575. Grant by Adam de Reinevill II to Henry son of Matilda of | 
toft in Southgate in Pontefract, between the toft late of Robert 
de Stapelton and that of Eva de Dai, to hold in fee for i6d. 
yearly ; in recognition of this grant Henry gave the grantor 4^. 
1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98 (old p. 237). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ada[m] de Reinevilla 
dedi etconcessi et hac mea presenti carta confirmavi Henrico filio 

1 Man. Angl., vi, 92^. * op. ct't., 144. 

3 Red Bk.,^\. * ib., 422. 

5 Miscellanea, Thoresby Soc., iv, 179. 

Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. 7 n. 1629. 

8 Pipe R., 21 Hen. II, 22. Cur. Reg. R., 48, m. 12. 

10 Chartul. of Pontefract, 24, 538. u ib., 227. 

12 Yorks. Fines, n. 372. 

13 Feet of F., 15, n. 117 ; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 67. 

11 See also Dodsw. MS. viii, ff. 244^, 288, 300^. 
15 Chartul. of Pontefract, ii, 310. 



250 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Matildis et heredibus suis unum dimidium toftum in Pontefracto, 
scilicet in Sutgata, quod fuit Gile: videlicet quod jacet inter 
toftum quod fuit Roberti de Stapeltona et toftum Eve de Dai ; 
tenendum de me et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate libere et 
quiete et honorifice, reddendo annuatim mihi et heredibus meis 
xvi. denarios pro omni servitio et seculari exactione, scilicet, viii. 
denarios ad Pentecosten et octo denarios ad festum Sancti Martini. 
Et predictus Henricus dedit mihi de recognitione predicte terre 
quatuor solidos sterlingorum. Ego vero Ada[m] et heredes mei 
warantizabimus prenominatum dimidium toftum prefato Henrico 
et heredibus suis contra omnes homines. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1576. Grant by Adam de Reinevill II to Alexander, clerk of Methley, 
of 2 messuages in Pontefract, namely that which Henry son of 
Matilda held of him and that which Gile held, namely between 
the house of Hervey son of Kaskin and that of William son of 
Hugh, to hold in fee for 32^. yearly. 1180-1200. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98 (old p. 237). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Adam de Reinevilla dedi 
et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Alexandro clerico de 
Medeleia et heredibus suis duo mesagia terre in Pontefracto: 
scilicet illud mesagium quod Henricus filius Matildis tenuit de me 
et illud mesagium quod Gile tenuit de me, videlicet inter domum 
Herveii filii Kaskini et domum Willelmi filii Hugonis ; pro 
homagio suo et servitio, tenenda de me et heredibus meis in feodo 
et hereditate, libere et quiete et honorifice, reddendo annuatim 
ille et heredes sui mihi et heredibus meis xxxii. denarios argenti 
pro omni servitio et exactione : scilicet ad Pentecosten xvi. 
denarios et ad festum Sancti Martini xvi. denarios. Et ego et 
heredes mei warantizabimus hec predicta mesuagia terre prefato 
Alexandro et heredibus suis contra omnes homines. 

1577- Grant by Adam de Reinevill II to William Barnefader of a toft 
in Southgate, in Pontefract, between the house of Wegge and 
that of William Parmenter, to hold in fee for 2s. 6d. yearly. 
1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98 (old p. 237). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Adam de Reinevilla dedi 
et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Willelmo Barne- 
fader et heredibus suis unum toftum in Pontefracto in Suthgate : 
ilium scilicet qui jacet inter domum Wegge et domum Willelmi 
Parmenter ; tenendum de me et de heredibus meis in feodo et 
hereditate, libere et quiete et honorifice, pro duobus solidis et 
sex denariis annuatim reddendis hiis terminis, quindecim denariis 
ad Pentecosten et xv. denariis ad festum Sancti Martini. Hanc 
autem terram ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predicto 
Willelmo et heredibus suis contra omnes homines. Hiis testi- 
bus, etc. 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT 251 

1578. Confirmation by Adam de Reinevill II to Alexander, clerk of 

Methley, of a toft in Southgate, in Pontefract, which William 
Barnefader sold to the said Alexander, to hold in fee for 25. 6d. 
yearly. 1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98 (old p. 237). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Adam de Reinevilla con- 
cessi et hac present! carta mea confirmavi Alexandro clerico de 
Medelai et heredibus suis unum toftum in Pontefracto in Suthgate : 
ilium scilicet qui jacet inter domum Wegge et domum Willelmi 
Parmenter ; quem toftum Willelmus Barnefader de me tenuit et 
predicto Alexandro vendidit, tenendum de me et de heredibus meis 
in feodo et hereditate, libere et quiete et honorifice, pro duobus 
solidis et sex denariis annuatim reddendis pro omni servitio hiis 
terminis, quindecim denariis ad Pentecosten et quindecim denariis 
ad festum Sancti Martini. Hanc autem terram ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus predicto Alexandro et heredibus suis contra 
omnes homines. Hiis, etc. 

1579. Grant by Adam de Reinevill II to the canons of Nostell of 
2 messuages and i| toft in Southgate in Pontefract (as 
described in the 4 preceding charters). 1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98 (old p. 237). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tam presentibus quam 
futuris Adam de Ranavilla eternam in Domino salutem. 
Noverit universitas vestra me, pro salute anime mee et pro 
animabus antecessorum et successorum meorum, dedisse, 
concessisse, et hac mea presenti carta confirmasse Deo et 
ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a] et canonicis regularibus 
ibidem Deo servientibus, in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, duo mesuagia terre in Pontefracto : illud scilicet 
mesuagium quod Henricus filius Matildis tenuit de me et 
illud mesuagium quod Gile tenuit de me, videlicet inter domum 
Hervei filii Kaskini et domum Willelmi filii Hugonis, et 
preterea unum toftum in Suthgate : illud scilicet quod jacet 
inter domum Wegge et domum Willelmi Parminter, quod 
toftum Willelmus Barnefader de me tenuit ; et preterea unum 
dimidium toftum in eadem villa : scilicet in Suthgate, quod fuit 
Gile, scilicet quod jacet inter toftum quod fuit Roberti de 
Stapleton et toftum Eve de Day, libera et quieta ab omni servitio 
et seculari exactione. Et ego Adam et heredes mei warantiza- 
bimus predicte ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ejusdem 
loci totam predictam terram, cum omnibus pertinentiis et 
libertatibus suis, ubique et contra omnes homines. Ut autem 
hec mea donatio perpetuis temporibus rata maneat et incon- 
cussa presens scriptum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. Hiis 
testibus, etc. 



252 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1580. Grant by Morand de Thuri and Sibil his wife to the canons of 
Nostell of land in Pontefract held by Robert the physician, 
with a pledge to render to the canons 2s. yearly in default of 
warranty. 1180-1185. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. gSd (old p. 238). 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Morandus de 
Turi et uxor niea Sibilla dedimus et concessimus et hac nostra 
carta confirmavimus Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswald! et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus terram illam in Pontefracto quam 
magister Robertus medicus tenuit de nobis, in liberam et 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Et volumus ut hec nostra 
elemosina sit ita libera et quieta sicut aliqua elemosina liberior 
et quietior esse solet. Et si forte hanc terram eis warantizare 
non poterimus, nos et heredes nostri persolvemus eis annuatim 
duos solidos ad duos terminos, duodecim videlicet denarios ad 
Pentecosten et xii. denarios ad festum Sancti Martini. Hiis 
testibus, etc. 

1581. Acknowledgment of Robert de Benetlehe, the physician, that 
he and his heirs were bound to pay 2S. yearly to the canons 
of Nostell for land which he held of Morand de Thuri in 
Pontefract. 1180-1185. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 98^ (old p. 238). 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego magister 
Robertus de Benetlehe, medicus, et heredes mei debemus 
annuatim reddere Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus duos solidos, scilicet duodecim denarios 
ad Pentecosten et duodecim denarios ad festum Sancti Martini, 
pro terra quam ego tenui de Morando de Turi in Pontefracto 
et idem Morandus eisdem canonicis in liberam elemosinam 
dedit. Hiis, etc. 

1 582. Grant by Hervey de Reinevill to the canons of Nostell of the 
rent of 22d. which Robert son of Asketill de Badsworth used 
to render for his land (in Wentshill, in Badsworth). 1 1 70- 
1180. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. yxl (old p. 62), and f. i8rf. 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Hervi de Revilla 1 salutem. Noverit universitas vestra 
me dedisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo et Sancto 
Oswaldo et canonicis ibidem [Deo] servientibus, pro salute 
anime mee et uxoris mee et filiorum et filiarum mearum et 
antecessorum meorum, in perpetuam et puram elemosinam, 
redditum quern Robertus films Asketilli de Baddewrd 2 mini 
reddere solebat pro terra sua : scilicet viginti duo denarios, 

1 " Ranavilla" in the heading ; " Reinevilla" on f. l8ct. 
1 " Baddeswrda " ; f. i8rf. 



LASCY FEE: PONTEFRACT, BADS WORTH, THORNER 253 

quos ipse Robertus eis annuatim persolvet ad festum Sancti 
Martini, vel quicumque predictam terram tenuerit. Et si 
forte ipsi non reddiderint, ego et heredes mei eundem redditum 
ad predictum terminum persolvemus. Hiis testibus, etc. 

Agnes daughter and heir of Hervey de Reinevill married Ivo de Long- 
villers and had issue Alan living in 1 185, 1 and Huhelyn, heir to her brother 
Alan. Ivo de Longvillers, for the soul of Agnes, his wife, and Alan his son, 
gave to the canons of Nostell 6 acres and a messuage in Wenteshull, in 
Badsworth. 2 Afterwards, Robert son of Arnald, who held this tenement 
of the canons, surrendered it to them, as those 6 acres which had been 
given to them for the soul of Agnes, daughter of Hervey de Reinevill. 3 
This Reiner is erroneously named " Swayn " in the genealogy of the family 
of Reinevill preserved in the Coucher of Kirkstall.* 

It seems probable that Eudes de Longvilers, who held i fee of Henry 
de Lascy in 1166, was father of (i) Eudes, who married Clementia, sister and 
coheir of John Malherbe, (2) Ivo, who married Agnes de Reinevill and ob- 
tained Badsworth with her, and (3) William, 5 who gave 10 marks in 1194 
to have seisin of Honley (Hanlega) which Robert de Lascy had given to 
him. 6 Huwelina, daughter and ultimately heir of Ivo de Longvillers, married 
Colin de Quatremars, and in 1226 they held Badsworth. 7 

1583. Grant by Roger son of Alured to Osbert de Thorpe and Robert 
13. his son and heir of 24 acres of land in Thorner and a toft 
next the house of Ralph son of Alured, and the land of 
Robert, brother (of the said Osbert) in that town, namely 
2 bovates and a ridding, to hold by rendering 2S. or a pair of 
scarlet shoes at St. Peter's Chains. 1160-1175. 

Brit. MS., Add. ch. 8117. 

Omnibus tam presentibus quern futuris Rogerrus films Aluredi 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac mea carta 
confirmasse Hosberto de Torpe et Roberto suo heredi xxiiii. acras 
terre in Tornoure, et quendam toftum proximum domui Radulfi 
filii Aluredi, et in eadem villa terram Roberti sui fratris : scilicet 
duas bovatas terre et quoddam essartum. Hanc terram pre- 
dictam concede et hac carta confirmo Hosberto et suis heredibus 
pro suo servitio et pro humagio Roberti sui filii ; tenendam de 
me et meis heredibus in feudo et hereditate, liberam et quietam 
ab omni servitio absque Danegeldo ; reddendo annuatim mihi vel 
meis heredibus ii. solidos vel quasdam caligas de scarlete ad 
Vincula Sancti Petri. Hanc terram tenebit Hosbertus et suus 
heres liberam et plenariam, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, in 
pascuis, in agris, in pratis, et in nemore. His testibus : Steffano 
sacerdote, Reginald sacerdote, Petro clerico de Bramham, 
Ricardo le gramarie, Jordano Painel, Willelmo de Altereve, 
Willelmo Escot, Ricardo filio Walding, Samsone de Alvertune, 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall,n. 274. * Chartul. of Nostell, f. 19. 

3 ib. * op. cit., n. 203. 

5 Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 27, n. 248. Pipe R., 6 Ric. I. 

7 Feet of F., 18, n. 37 ; 20, n. 134. 



254 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Petro de Torpe, Toma filio Rogeri, Elfwino fratre suo, Ailsi de 
Scardecroft, Adam filio suo, Herberto Pellipario. 

A seal of white wax bearing a bird (?), broken and defaced. 

Roger son of Alfred may have been the ancestor of the family of Hay 
of Aughton, in the East Riding. In 1166 he held 3 fees of Henry de 
Lascy, and possibly something of William de Vescy. 1 In all probability 
he held these fees of Henry de Lascy as custodian of the lands of Humphrey 
de Veilli ; but little is known about him. 

Osbert de Thorpe was a well-known man living during the period 
1155 to 1175. His name occurs in the Sheriffs' rolls of 1166 and 1175. 
He was the father of Robert Bustard, from whom Bustard-thorpe took 
name. They held land there of the crown. 

1584. Notitia of a fine levied in the court of Henry II, in the 
z8th year (1182) between Robert de Lascy and Humphrey 
de Veilly concerning 2 carucates in Clayton. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 5. 

Finis levatus in curia ejusdem regis anno xxviij , Inter pre- 
dictum Robertum de Lascy et Humfridum de Villy de duabus 
carucatis terre in Clayton. 

In the preceding year (1181) Humphrey de Wili rendered account 
of 25 marks for licence to agree touching his duel against Richard de 
Arches, and of 3 marks for licence to agree with Otes de Tilli touching 
the breach of an assize. 

1585. Grant by Humphrey de Veilli to Hugh son of Walter in free 
marriage with Rohaise, sister of the grantor, of meadow land 
in Skellow which the grantor deraigned against Otes de Tilli, 
and common rights in the grantor's fee of Owston, to hold 
for 2 d. yearly. 1180-1195. 

From the orig. penes Col. Gascoigne at Parlington Hall. Abstr. in Yorks. 
Deeds, i, n. 417. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Hunfridus de Villi 
dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Hugoni filio 
Walteri in liberum maritagium cum sorore mea Roais et heredi- 
bus suis quos de ipsa Roais sorore mea habuerit, totum pratum 
quod disrationavi versus Ottonem de Tilli in pratis de Scalehale, 
scilicet vii acras et dimidiam et unam percatam et dimidiam ; et 
preterea dedi eidem Hugoni et heredibus suis predictis liberam 
communam in bosco, in piano, in pascuis, in viis, in semitis, in 
omnibus aisiamentis et libertatibus ad feudum meum de Oustun 
pertinentibus ; tenendas de me et heredibus meis in feudo et 
hereditate, libere, quiete et honorifice, reddendo annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis duos denarios ad Natale Domini pro omni 
servitio et seculari exactione ; et ego Hunfridus et heredes mei 
warantizabimus predicto Hugoni et heredibus suis predictis pre- 

1 Red Bk., 422, 427. 



LASCY FEE: CLAYTON, SKELLOW 255 

dictum pratum et predictam communam contra omnes homines. 
Hiis testibus, Osberto clerico de Shireburne, Roberto le Scot de 
Oustun, Roberto capellano, Petro clerico de Burg, Thoma fratre 
suo, Henrico de Kellingtun, Ricardo de Heland, Hugone et Hen- 
rico filiis ejus, Jordano de Pikeburne, Hugone de Scaucebi, 
Alano filio Rann[ulfi] de Smithetun, Rad[ulfo] villano, Willelmo 
de Rivill, Nicolao filio Willelmi, Rann[ulfo] et Petro fratribus 
ejus, Ada de Lumbi, Rogero de Suttun, Ada filio suo, Roberto 
de Lisures, Thoma filio suo, Alano Noel, Hugone fratre suo, 
Hugone de Kercroft, Roberto et Thoma filiis ejus, Roberto de 
Suttun, Hugone de Mora, Crispino de Balna, Willelmo de Holm, 
Ricardo filio Toke, Rad[ulfo] fratre suo. 

Circular equestrian seal of brown wax (if \T\^>figures to sinister. 
Legend : SIGILLVM . . . VILLI. 

Possibly the grantee was Hugh de Swillington, son of Walter. The 
date is probably before 1195, when Henry de Eland was dealing with 
part of the estate of Richard his father, 1 and in any case before July, 
1202, when Henry de Eland was dead. 2 Six of the persons named in 
the charter attested a grant of Henry prior of Pontefract of a date before 
1184. 

Little can be told about the family of Veilly in the I2th century. At 
the Survey Newton Wallis, Ackworth and Snydale were held under 
Ilbert de Lascy by Humphrey (" Hunfridus"). At the foundation of the 
chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, Humphrey de Villey gave two thraves 
of his tithe of Snydale and Newton-Wallis.* After this we hear no more 
of the family of Veilly for 80 years. It is mere conjecture that the 3 
knights' fees held in 1166 of Henry de Lascy by Roger son of Alfred 
("Alvredi") 4 were those which afterwards passed to Humphrey de Veilly, 
the grantor of this charter, and his descendants. The observations on 
a Snydale charter printed below show that there was an escheat to the 
chief lord of the fee of the descendants of the first Humphrey. It seems 
likely that Roger son of Alfred was the ancestor of the East Riding 
family of Hay. He attests charters of Ranulf Fitz Walter (de Greystoke) 
and others to the monks of Rievaulx. 5 The second Humphrey de Veilly 
seems to have had some difficulty in establishing himself in his patrimony. 
In 1181 he proffered 25 marks for licence to agree touching his duel 
with Richard de Arches, possibly about Thorner, which was in dispute ' 
between Ilbert de Lascy and Osbert de Arches about the time of the 
Domesday survey.* Humphrey also proffered 3 marks more for licence 
to agree with Otes de Tilly touching the breach of an assize. 7 In 1191 
he owed 20 marks for having the right of a fee of 3 knights in Ackworth 
(" Hakeworde "), Snydale (" Slithale"), and Newton-Wallis ("Neweton") 
against Robert de Lascy and Robert le Waleys (his seneschal). 8 The 
evidence relating to Snydale and the distinguishing appellation given to 
the Newton of this fee, show that there had been intrusion into, and 
dispossession of the Veilly family from, their original fee. In 1212 
Hendric de Berlay established his right to common of pasture in Thorner 

1 Cone her of Kirkstall, n. 274. * Yorks. Fines, i, n. 36. 

3 Man, Angl., v, 128^. * l\ed Bk., 422. 

5 Chartiil. of Rievaulx, passim. ' Dom. Bk., 37^b. 

7 Pipe K. t 27 Hen. 11,45. 

8 ib., 2 Ric. I. The entry of this debt was repeated yearly until I John, and 
then disappears. 



256 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

against Humphrey de Veilly in respect of his tenement in Woodhouse. 
Hendric and his ancestors had done service to Humphrey and his an- 
cestors whereby it was adjudged that he ought to have common of pasture 
within certain specified bounds in Thorner. 1 The same Humphrey or 
his son of the same name had issue by Agnes his wife, Robert, who 
succeeded his father and held 3 fees of this honor in 1235-36. 2 Agnes 
had become the wife of John de Roucestre before 1231 ; 3 and in 1236 
they attorned Geoffrey de Carleton in a plea against Nicholas de Treyton, 
Eudes de Sutton and Alice his wife, tenants, touching the third part of 
a messuage and 68 acres of land in Holme, Owston and Ulverhurst.* 

1586. Confirmation by Herbert de Arches I to the monks of Kirkstall 
14. of a testamentary gift made by (Emma) his mother of 12 acres 

of land in South Brecks in Shadwell, and grant of an additional 

acre of land there. 1160-^.1195. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 37. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 186. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presenti- 
bus quam futuris quod ego Herbertus de Arches concede et hac 
mea carta confirmo Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirk- 
festal] donationem illam quam fecit eis mater mea pro sepultura 
sua, scilicet xii acras terre in Sedewell, in Suth Brekes, in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. Et ego, pro salute anime mee et uxoris 
mee et heredum meorum et pro animabus patris et matris mee 
omniumque antecessorum meorum, addo illis xii acris terre quas 
mater mea dedit prefatis monachis tertiam-decimam acram in 
eadem cultura et hac eadem carta earn dono prefatis monachis et 
confirmo in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam 
ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione. Testes [etc.]. 

This gift of 12 acres of land in Shadwell was made by Emma, mother 
of Herbert de Arches and grandmother of William de Arches. This 
William also confirmed to the monks 2 acres of land in the tillage called 
Goldieflat in Shadwell, which Emma his grandmother had given, and added 
to the gift 2 adjoining acres. William de Arches, son of the said William, 
appears to have given 2 acres more in a tillage in Shadwell called Suth- 
flattes, adjoining South Brecks, and to have confirmed a gift of 13 acres in 
the fields of Shadwell, made by Ingonilda, his grandmother, and land in 
South Brecks given by Richard, his maternal uncle. 5 

The gift of 12 acres from Emma, mother of Herbert de Arches, and 
grandmother of William de Arches the elder, was made before the holding 
of the General Council of the Cistercian order ; 8 but the other parcels 
appear to have been given at a subsequent date, including 13 acres given 
by Ingonilda de Arches. It is possible that this lady was a sister of Simon 
son of Uctred de Hebden, which Simon is described in a Coniston charter 
as brother of Herbert de Arches. 7 These details appear to assist towards 
the elucidation of the pedigree of Arches. 

At me Survey Shadwell was part of the king's land, whilst Kirk Smeaton, 
Little Smeaton and Walden Stubbs, or Stubbs Walding, were held of 

1 Cur. Reg. R., 56, m. ^d. * Testa, 364^. 

3 Assize R. 1042, m. 23<f. * Close A"., 1234-1237, p. 377. 

8 Coucher of Kir kslall, nos. 188-189. 

* id., p. 253. In the time of pope Adrian IV (1154-1159). 

7 Burton, Mon. Ebor., 158. Cf. the Bordley chs. ; it., 153. 



LASCY FEE: ARCHES FAMILY 257 

Ilbert de Lascy by one Robert, who, it is suggested, was the father of 
Ilbert de Rainevill and Gerald de Rainevill, which Gerald gave half of his 
tithe of Smeaton to the chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, before the year 
1100. In any case the lands of Robert and his successor Gerald de 
Rainevill escheated to the chief lord and were re-granted to Peter de 
Arches, who was amerced 20 marks by the justices at Blythe in 1130, and, 
having paid 10 marks, was pardoned the like sum by the king's writ " pro 
amore Willelmi Travers," 1 then lord of Pontefract by the favour of Henry I. 
This Peter was living towards the end of Stephen's reign, and was, 
presumably, father of Herbert de Arches I, who in 1 166 held 2 knights' fees 
of Henry de Lascy 2 and the same year was amerced for the concealment 
by the wapentake court of Skyrack of the wager of a double duel." In 1 176 
the same Herbert was amerced in cos. Huntingdon and Cambridge for 
forest trespass, but he was to be summoned in respect of the payment of 
the amercement in co. York, where he subsequently paid it. 4 He was en- 
feoffed of land in Hetton and Bordley, in Craven, by Adam son of Swain, 
or Adam de Montbegon, who married one of Adam's daughters and heirs. 6 
About this time Herbert de Arches of " Cunigerestun," i.e. Coniston-in- 
Kettlewelldale, is mentioned in a Pontefract charter. 6 As there were at 
least 2 Herberts in succession it is difficult to establish with accuracy their 
respective eras ; but the names of their respective wives give some indica- 
tion. Thus Emma, presumably the wife of Peter de Arches, was, as we 
have seen, a benefactor to Kirkstall not later than the period 1154-1159; 
Ingonilda, the wife of Herbert I, and probably sister of Simon son of 
Uctred de Hebden, was living at least as early as 1175. This is illustrated 
by the record in 1175 f a debt due from Herbert de Arches ' and Ellis de 
Rillistan for licence to make an agreement. 8 As Ellis de Rilleston is 
known to have married Alice, sister of Simon son of Uctred de Hebden, 
the agreement may have related to the bounds between Bordley and 
Hetton and to the land which Herbert and Ellis had received with their 
respective wives, daughters of Uctred de Hebden. 9 Herbert de Arches I, 
in addition to his son and heir Herbert, had a daughter, named Ingoliena, 
or Ingelaise, who seems to have had Hetton for her marriage portion. She 
was twice married, first to Robert de Thornton and, secondly, to Hascwy, 
or Harswy, son of Uctred, described as of " Hetton." Herbert I gave to 
Fountains 4 bovates in Bordley, 10 his gift being confirmed by his son 
Herbert II. 11 This last-named Herbert was living during the period 
1200-1235. Possibly he was the Herbert de Arches who was amerced 
with Hugh son of the reeve in 1198 for a ditch unjustly raised, apparently 
in some place in Wharfedale, or Airedale. 12 He gave a bovate in Smeaton 
to Pontefract during the period 1220-1230." He died before 1236, leaving 
issue 2 daughters, Dionisia then the relict of Simon son of Raimond de 
SmeJheton 14 and Matilda the wife of Adam de Bukeden. In that year 
these two ladies attorned their respective husbands in a plea against 
William de Arches, Herbert, Roger and Peter his brothers, and Richard 

I R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 28. * Red Bk., 422. 

3 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 47. * ib., 22 Hen. II, 74. 

6 See the Skipton fee. ' Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 96. 

7 Pipe A'., 21 Hen. II, 182; where "Herbert" is described as " Hubert." In 
the roll of 22 Hen. II, 107, he is again incorrectly described as " Robert." 

8 ib. 

See Chartul. of Fountains, Add. MS. 18276, f. 22d. 
10 ib., f. 22 ; Dep. Keeper's Rep., xxxvi, app., 185-6 ; Man. Ebor., 153. 

II Chartul. of Fountains, f. 22d. 

12 Pipe R., 10 Ric. I. 

13 Chartul. of Pontefract, nos. 205 and 489. 

14 See n. 1589. 

Ill R 



258 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

de Arches, tenants, respecting 17 bovates in Shad well and Smeaton. 1 
During the period 1232-1236 Adam and Simon with their respective wives 
granted to John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, the service of William de 
Arches for certain specified lands in co. Lancaster and the whole fee of 
Arches in Blackburnshire, and Avice, relict of Herbert de Arches, likewise 
released land called " Grane Uthethorpe." 2 About this time Simon son 
of Raimond de Smitheton and Dionisia his wife confirmed to Alexander de 
Norwiche land in Smeaton and Balne which Alexander held by the grant 
of Herbert de Arches. 8 In 1240 Dionisia de Arches, Adam de Buckden 
and Matilda his wife released by fine to William de Arches, the tenant, 
10 bovates in Shadwell and Smeaton, and other tenements to those who 
had called the said William to warrant, namely to Richard de Arches 4 
bovates in Shadwell, and I bovate each in Smeaton to Herbert son of 
Herbert, Peter son of Herbert and Roger son of Herbert, besides other 
lands there to 4 other persons. These 17 bovates were those named above 
in the entry relating to the year 1236. Possibly the three sons of Herbert 
were all members of the Arches family and kinsmen of Herbert II, lately 
deceased. 

1587. Grant by Peter de Arches to William de Beaumont of i bovate 
in Shadwell to hold for a pound of cummin or 2d. yearly, and 
by doing forinsec service of i bovate where 1 1 carucates make 
a knight's fee. 1190-1220. 

From a collection of Badsworth charters. Dodsw. MS. liii, f. 70. 
Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Petrus 
de Arches dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Willelmo de Bellomonte unam bovatam terre cum pertinentiis 
in Schadwelle, scilicet illam que fuit Roberti filii Code in ex- 
tremo, et capitale mesuagium meum, et tres acras terre que 
extendunt super predictum mesuagium et \blank\ viam versus 
west; tenendam et habendam sibi et heredibus suis de me 
et heredibus meis cum prefato mesuagio et prenominatis acris 
terre in feodo et hereditate, libere et quiete, pacifice, honorifice, 
integre, cum omnibus pertinentiis infra villam et extra, scilicet 
in bosco, in piano, in pratis, in pascuis, in pasturis et in omnibus 
aisiamentis predicte bovate pertinentibus ; reddendo inde annua- 
tim, scilicet die Natalis Domini, unam libram cimini vel duos 
denarios pro omni servitio, faciendo forinsecum servitium quan- 
tum pertinet ad dictam bovatam terre unde undecim carucate 
faciunt feodum unius militis. Ego vero et heredes mei warran- 
tizabimus predictam bovatam terre cum pertinentiis et predic- 
tum mesuagium et predictas acras terre predicto Willelmo et 
heredibus suis contra omnes homines imperpetuum. Hiis testi- 
bus, Johanne de Birchin, Willelmo Gramatico, Ricardo de Lut- 
ringtona, Alano de Smethetona, Simone fratre suo, Roberto, 
Buscard, Waltero fratribus, Willelmo de Siclinghale, Simone 
clerico, et aliis multis. 4 

1 Close A 1 ., 1234-1237, p. 377. 

* Duchy of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 3. 

* York. Arch, Jour., xii, 76. 

4 This charter is not in Dodsworth's handwriting. 



LASCY FEE: SHAD WELL, PONTEFRACT 259 

1588. Grant by William son of Walding (of Stubbs Walding) and 
Hawise his wife, with the consent of Henry, Otes and Robert 
his sons, and Joie and Amabil his daughters, to the monks of 
Pontefract of 2 tofts below Baghill in Pontefract, in alms with 
Ralph his son, whom they received as a monk ; upon condi- 
tion that the monks receive the grantors into fraternity, give 
them burial there, allow him to lodge there if there be need to 
guard the castle, and permit him to hold a court there for 
hearing pleas if need arise ; in either case at his own costs 
and charges, c. 1170-1183. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 2"]d. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 101. 

Omnibus fidelibus sancte ecclesie Willelmus films Walding 
et uxor sua Hawis salutem. Notum sit omnibus presentibus 
et futuris quod ego et uxor mea concessimus et dedimus Deo et 
Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto, pro salute nostra 
et antecessorum et heredum meorum, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam et liberam et quietam de nobis et de heredibus 
nostris, de patrimonio meo et de hereditate mea, duos toftos 
sub Baghil in Pontefracto, cum Radulfo filio meo quern re- 
ceperunt in monachum, concedentibus heredibus meis Henrico, 
Ottone, Roberto et Joia et Amabilia filiabus meis et super 
altare mecum eandem elemosinam per baculum offerentibus. 
In quo etiam loco maledictionem meam dedi omnibus heredibus 
meis qui impedimentum fecerint monachis de eodem tenore. 
Et ipsi monachi nos omnes in fraternitatem suam susceperunt 
et ibidem sepeliendos ad obitum nostrum nos reddidimus. 
Concesserunt etiam nobis si necessitas fuerit pro custodia 
castelli in eadem terra hospitari, curiamque nostram ibi teneri 
placitando, ita ut neutro illi terre aliquod gravamen faciamus 
et quicquid ibi expendemus de proprio sumptu nostro fiat. 
Testibus, Adam presbitero et Arnaldo filio suo, Radulfo de 
Insula et Jordano et Willelmo fratribus suis ; Jordano, Rainaldo, 
Rogero et Waltero de Ledestona ; Thoma de Prestuna, Willelmo 
pistore et Alexandro filio suo, Gaufrido de Pratis, Rogero de 
Stubbis, Adam coco, Waltero, Wildo, Osmundo, Willelmo 
portario. 

In another charter, issued before 1185, Adam son of Warner de Sutton 
makes provision for the anniversary of Ralph de Stubbs, monk of Ponte- 
fract; 1 and Otes son of William de Stubbs makes a gift in alms before 
1204 to provide for his own anniversary. 2 In 1170 William son of Walding 
was amerced IDOJ. for denying that which he afterwards acknowledged. 3 
Henry son of William de Stubbs gave a ridding in Stubbs- Walding to the 
same monks. To his charter Geoffrey Scorceboef, who died before 1203, 
was a witness. 4 Henry son of William had a son Theobald, and Otes, 
another son of William, had sons Robert 5 and Adam. In 1231 Adam de 
Stubbs and Robert his brother disseised Ralph de Fetherston of his tene- 

1 n. 1555. 2 Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 328. 3 Pipe R., 16 Hen. II, 44. 

4 Chartul., n. 236. 6 Chartul. of Pontefr., 296. 



26O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ment in Stubbs (Walding), because, when Ralph tilled his demesne for 2 
years, and the third year left it fallow, so that Adam and others could have 
common of herbage, in the third year Adam digged turves there, when he 
had no common for taking turves. 1 This record is interesting in that it indi- 
cates that a three years' course of tillage was customary in Stubbs- Walding. 
The evidence to prove that Stubbs-Walding formed part of the fee of 
Arches of Smeaton is lacking. 

1589. Grant by Robert the hunter to the monks of Pontefract of his 
16. court in Smeaton and 3 acres lying in the 3 fields, without 
measurement. 1170-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 46. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 239. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus Venator 
donavi et concessi Deo et ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Ponte- 
fracto et monachis ejusdem loci et confirmavi hac mea carta 
curtillagium meum in Smidetona quod fuit Rogeri et tres acras 
terre sicut jacent in tribus agris et sicut ego tenui sine aliqua 
mensuratione, ut habeant et teneant libere et quiete in bosco 
et piano, in aquis et pasturis, sicut decet puram elemosinam 
in perpetuum, pro aninia mea et animabus antecessorum et 
parentum meorum. Testibus, magistro Rainerio, Ranulfo de 
Smidetona ; Jordano, Rainaldo, Rogero et Waltero de Ledestuna ; 
Symone filio Serlonis et Benedicto fratre ejus, Rainn[ero] filio 
Siwardi et Hugone nepote ejus, Radulfo filio Hugonis, Radulfo 
filio aurifabri, Gilleberto parment[er], Johanne filio Sygeride, 
Michaele filio Thome et aliis. 

Robert the hunter held \ fee in 1 166 of Henry de Lascy. 2 The mention 
of the 3 fields of the town, and thereby the indication that the 3-field system 
of agriculture was in vogue here, is interesting. At the Conquest Gamel, 
Ulchel and Morcar had each a manor in " Smedetone," the whole being 
assessed to geld at 5 carucates, where 5 ploughs may be. Baret, Artor, 
Gamel, Ulchel and Morcar had also each a manor in another " Smedetone," 
the whole assessed at 9 carucates for geld, where 13 ploughs may be. These 
two statements probably relate to a different division of the 2 existing 
townships of Kirk Smeaton and Little Smeaton to that which now exists, 
the former series of 3 manors representing part of Kirk Smeaton, and the 
second series of 5 manors part of Kirk Smeaton and all Little Smeaton, the 
respective assessments of the two towns being 8 and 6 carucates. In the 
group consisting of 3 manors the 2-field system seems to have been used, 
so that, taking each of the 8 bovates in a carucate at 20 acres, it was neces- 
sary to till 400 acres yearly with 5 teams, or 80 acres by each team. In the 
second group the 3-field system seems to have been used, so that it was 
necessary to till 960 acres yearly out of a total of 1440 acres, or 74 acres to 
each team. 

Robert " venator " and Simon his brother attested a charter of William 
de Slepehill. 3 Their father's name appears to have been Algar, for Simon 
son of Algar de Smetheton gave to the canons of Drax with his body half 
a bovate in Smeaton. 4 Raimond son of Siward may be identified as the 
father of Simon son of Raimond de Smetheton, who married one of the 

1 Assize R. 1042, m. 24^. 2 Red Bk., 422. 

* n. 1550. * Man. Ebor., 322. 



LASCY FEE: SMEATON, HEMSWORTH 261 

daughters and coheirs of Herbert de Arches 1 1. This may be the fee which 
was held in 1235-36 by Henry "venator," who paid 5^. ^d. when a scutage 
of 2 marks on the fee ran. 1 In 1313 lands in Kirk Smeaton were held of 
William le Venour. 2 

A small tenement in Little Smeaton was held in 1 166 by Roger de 
Scintorp of Henry de Lascy. 3 It descended to the family of Bisset. 

1590. Notification of Adam de Wennervill and Adeliz his wife to 
18. Roger, archbishop of York, and the chapter of St. Peter, York, 
of their grant to the canons of Nostell of land (in Hemsworth) 
between Collier-sty and the bridge on the boundary of the 
land of St. Oswald and of the donor, which William, the 
donor's father, had given to St. Oswald. 1154-^.1170. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 23 (old p. 42) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. I5</. 

Rogero Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo et omnibus 
successoribus suis totique capitulo Sancti Petri Eboracensis 
omnibusque sancte ecclesie filiis et heredibus suis Adam de 
Wennervilla et uxor ejus Adeliz salutem. Notum sit vobis omni- 
bus nos concessisse et dedisse totam terram que est inter Collierstih 
et pontem qui est in divisione Sancti Oswaldi terre et nostre : 
quam terram pater meus Willelmus antea concesserat Deo et 
Sancto Oswaldo pro salute anime sue et omnium parentum 
suorum. Hujus rei testes sunt, etc. 

William de Wennervill I attested charters early in the reign of Henry I. 
Presumably he was the father of William II, named in this charter, whose 
son Adam tested a charter of Robert de Novoburgo, seneschal of Normandy, 
during the period 1154-1159.* The same Adam tested a charter of Henry 
de Lascy about 1 144-1 147 ; 3 and he held of the same Henry a knight's fee 
in 1166." Possibly Ralph de Warnevill, treasurer of Rouen in 1162, when 
he received the manor of Kilham, co. York, for a term of 4 years, 'and who, 
as treasurer of York, attested with Jeremiah, archdeacon (of Cleveland), a 
charter of Roger, archbishop of York, issued at Rouen during the period 
1170-1175,* was a kinsman of Adam de Wennervill. Adam de Winervill 
was amerced in 1 166 for the concealment of a plea of the crown by the 
wapentake court of Staincross. 9 William de Wennervill and Ralph his 
brother were associated as witnesses in a charter of the period nSo-iiQO. 10 
They appear to have been sons of Adam de Wennervill by Adeliz his wife. 
The younger Adam was a contemporary of Roger le Peitevin, Jordan de St. 
Mary and John de Birkin. 11 He was succeeded by William de Wenrevill 
who held a fee of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, in 1 235-36,!* and presented 
to the church of Hemsworth in I242. 13 William de Wenrevill died before 
26 December, 1244, and on 5 March, 1245, the custody of his land and heirs 
with the advowson of the church of Hemsworth was granted to William le 
Euerwic, provost of Beverley. 14 An inquisition was taken after his death in 
pursuance of a writ dated 21 January, I245. 18 His lands lay in Hemsworth 
and Kinsley. He left issue by Hawise his wife. 16 

1 Testa, 365*. * Cal.ofhtq.p.m.,v,2lT. 3 Red Bk., 422. 

* Round, Cal. of Docs. France, n. 341. B n. 1773. 

* Red Bk., 422. 7 France, n. 21. 8 ib., n. 29. 
9 Pipe ., 12 Hen. II, 47. 10 Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 107. 

11 Yorks. Arch. Jour., viii, 4. ia Testa, 3646. 1S Reg. Gray, 92. 

14 Cal. of Pat. A'., 1232-1247, p. 448. 

16 Yorks. Inq.p.m.y iii, i. w Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 429. 



262 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1591. Surrender by William de VVennervill III of himself to St. 

Oswald and the canons of Nostell in their chapter by a nod 
of his head, in case he desired to take the habit of religion, 
for reception among the canons, and not elsewhere, save by 
the consent of the prior and convent of that place; and 
election to be buried at St. Oswald's, whether he died in 
England or in parts beyond the seas ; confirmation also of 
land between Colier-sty and the bridge on the division of his 
land and that of St. Oswald, which William de Wennervill, 
his grandfather, gave, and Adam de Wennervill, his father, 
confirmed. 1175-1190. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 23^ (old p. 42). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de Wennervilla 
reddidi meipsum Deo et Sancto Oswaldo de Nostle et canonicis 
ejusdem loci in capitulo suo per tuppum capitis mei, ita ut si 
forte inspirante gratia divina habitum religionis suscipere 
voluero ibi inter canonicos suscipiam et non alibi, nisi concedente 
priore et conventu ejusdem loci. Et ubicumque contigeret me 
mori, in Anglia vel in transmarinis partibus, apud predictum 
Sanctum Oswaldum sepulturam eligo. Preterea pro Dei amore 
et salute anime mee et omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum 
concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi de Nostle et ejusdem loci canonicis totam terram cum 
pertinentiis que est inter Colierstih et pontem qui est in divisione 
terre Sancti Oswaldi et nostre, in puram et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam, solutam et quietam ab omni seculari servitio, quam scilicet 
terram cum pertinentiis Willelmus de Winervilla avus meus eis 
in puram et perpetuam elemosinam dedit et Adam de Wennervilla 
pater meus eis concessit et carta sua confirmavit. Et ego 
Willelmus et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis canonicis pre- 
nominatam terram cum pertinentiis ubique et contra homines 
imperpetuum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1592. Grant by Adam de Wennervill II, for the health of the soul of 

Emma his wife, and with her consent, to the canons of 
Nostell, for their pittance, of 2s. of rent to be paid yearly on 
Sunday next after Martinmas from his chamber, until he or 
his heirs assigned the said rent in a set place, and so that the 
rent shall be paid after the death of the said Emma on the day 
of her anniversary. ^.1190-1220. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 23^ (old p. 42). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit Adam de Wennervilla salutem. Noverit universitas 
vestra me, pro salute anime mee et Emme uxoris mee et omnium 
parentum nostrorum et antecessorum et successorum nostrorum, 
ad petitionem ejusdem Emme uxoris mee, dedisse et concessisse 
et hac mea presenti carta confirmasse Deo et canonicis ecclesie 



LASCY FEE: HEMSWORTH 263 

Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a], ad pictanciam eorum, redditum 
duorum solidorum proxhna die dominica post festum Sancti 
Martini in yeme de camera mea annuatim percipiendorum, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam, donee ego vel heredes mei 
eundem redditum eis in certo loco assignaverimus ; ita quod post 
obitum ejusdem Emme persolvatur idem redditus annuatim die 
anniversarii ejusdem E[mme] imperpetuum. Ego autem Adam 
et heredes mei warantizabimus hanc meam et Emme uxoris mee 
elemosinam predictis canonicis ubique et contra omnes homines. 
Hiis testibus, etc. 

1593. Grant by Adam de Wennervill II, lord of Hemsworth, for the 

health of the soul of his wife Emma, to the canons of Nostell, 
for their pittance, of 2s. to be taken yearly on the eve of St. 
Agatha the Virgin at St. Oswald's at the hand of Jordan de 
Wennervill and his heirs from the toft and meadow which 
Jordan " at Well" of Hemsworth sometime held. ^.1190- 
1220. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 2od (old p. 36) ; also f. 230? (old p. 42). 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit Adam de Wenreville dominus de Hymleswrth salutem 
in Domino. Noveritis me pro salute anime mee et Emme uxoris 
mee et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum dedisse, 
concessisse, et hac mea carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie et Sancti Oswaldi de Nostle et canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, in liberam, puram, et perpetuam elemosinam ad 
ipsorum pitanciam, duos solidos sterlingorum annuatim perci- 
piendos in vigilia Sancte Agathe virginis apud Sanctum Oswaldum, 
per manum Jordani de Wenervilla et heredum suorum, de tofto 
et prato que Jordanus ad fontem de Hymmeleswrth aliquando 
tenuit; in quibus tofto et prato predictum [redditum] duorum 
solidorum assignavi, salvis mihi et heredibus meis omnibus aliis 
servitiis et proventibus de predictis tofto et prato provenientibus. 
Ego vero prefatus Adam de Wenervilla et heredes mei waran- 
tizabimus et defendemus predictos duos solidos annuos predictis 
canonicis ubique et contra omnes homines. Et in hujus rei testi- 
monium presentem cartam sigillo meo roboravi. Hiis testibus, 
etc. 

1594. Grant by Reginald Corner to Aldusa his daughter of his 

ridding of 3 acres in Himsworth, near the ridding of Adam 
de Wennervill, his lord ; to hold of the church of St. Helen 
for a penny-worth of incense yearly on St. Helen's day. c.\ 190- 
1220. 

From the orig. formerly in poss. of Sir Francis Wortley, knt. and bart. ; 
Dodsw. MS. Ixii, f. $d. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Reginaldus Cornarius dedi 
et concessi et hac presenti charta mea confirmavi Alduse filie mee 



264 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

et heredibus suis totum meum sartum, scilicet tres acras terre 
in Himlesword juxta essartum domini mei Ade de Wennervill, 
tenendas de ecclesia Sancte Helene in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam, reddendo annuatim eidem ecclesie unum nummatum 
incensi in die Sancte Helene. His testibus : Radulfo persona de 
Himlesword, Roberto capellano de Houretuna, 1 Harnulfo de 
Chineslay, Willelmo de Witeuella, Willelmo filio Ricardi, Gilberto 
filio Roberti, Nigello filio Gamelli, Nicholao filio Gamelli, et 
multis aliis. 

1595. Agreement made between the canons of Nostell and William, 
19. son of Robert de Preston, whereby they granted to him a 
chantry in his chapel of Purston (Jaglin), saving the right of the 
mother church of Featherston ; and he granted to the chapel 
and chaplain for support 2 bovates, and 15 acres of his 
demesne land, and to the canons J bovate in Hardwick, with 
2 acres among the tillages of the canons and 6 acres near 
the house of Thurbert of Hardwick, and pasturage in Purston 
for the canons' sheep ; the chaplain to be appointed by the 
prior by the advice of the said William ; provision as to the 
attendance of the men of Purston at the church of Featherston 
on certain feast days, and as to the detention of small tithes 
from the chaplain of Purston; confirmation also of 14 acres 
of land by the house of Gerard and of land given by (Robert), 
father of the said William, to Nostell, and of all boundaries 
which the canons had on the day of the Assumption when 
king Henry, son of the empress Matilda, was in the expedi- 
tion to Toulouse (1159); the said William to discharge the 
episcopal dues; and a further grant from him of i bovate 
for the maintenance of a deacon to serve in the chapel of 
Purston for the soul of Henry, son of the said William. 
1159-^.1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 99^ (old p. 240). 
Notum sit omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis quod hec est conventio 
inter canonicos ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostlat et Willelmum 
filium Roberti de Prestona. Quod prior et totus conventus ejusdem 
ecclesie concesserunt eidem Willelmo cantum in capella sua de 
Prestona, salvo jure matris ecclesie de Federstan. Pro hac con- 
cessione dedit et concessit idem Willelmus capelle et capellano 
duas bovatas terre ad sustentationem, que fuerunt Godric Falding ; 
et preter hoc quindecim acras terre, que fuerunt de suo dominio ; 
ecclesie etiam Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem Deo servienti- 
bus dimidiam bovatam terre in Herdvic et octo acras terre, duas 
videlicet inter culturas canonicorum et sex juxta domum Thur- 
berti de Herdwic. Hec autem conventio inter Willelmum et 
canonicos confirmata est imperpetuum, si tamen ipse Willelmus 
et heredes sui erga canonicos legitime se habuerint. Hoc etiam 
1 " Hou'etuna " ; MS. 



LASCY FEE : PURSTON JAGLIN 265 

sciendum est quod predicte capelle ponetur capellanus per manum 
prioris et consilio predicti Willelmi. Ipse etiam Willelmus 
prefatis canonicis pascua de Prestona ad oves suas concessit. 
Homines etiam de Prestona venient ad matricem ecclesiam de 
Federstan cum oblationibus suis in die Parasceve et in die Pasche 
et in die Natalis Domini et in Purificatione et festivitate Omnium 
Sanctorum ; et si panem vel caseum vel butirum et cetera que non 
pertinent ad decimam detulerint mulieres ad capellam capellanus 
post mortem Godefridi presbiteri ea suscipiet ad usus suos pro- 
prios. Cetera omnia a[r]bitrio predictorum canonicorum dis- 
ponentur. Preterea confirmat etiam idem Willelmus xiiii. acras 
terre juxta domum Girardi, et omnem terram quam pater ejus et 
ipse dederunt prefate ecclesie, et omnes divisiones et in bosco et 
in piano quas habuerunt canonici in die Assumptionis Sancte 
Marie quando rex Henricus films Matildis imperatricis in expedi- 
tione fuit apud Tholosam. Episcopalia etiam jura adquietabit 
Willelmus, salva pace matris ecclesie de Federstan. Preterea 
prefatus Willelmus dedit in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
predicte capelle unam bovatam terre ad sustentationem i. diaconi 
imperpetuum qui serviet semper in eadem ecclesia pro anima 
Henrici filii ejus et omnium parentum suorum : que bovata terre 
fuit Wlgeti. Hujus rei testes sunt, etc. 

Lands in Purston-Jaglin and Hardwick were held at the Survey of Ilbert 
de Lascy by Ernulf, who gave to the chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, 
before noo two thraves of the tithe of Purston and " Rouedona." 1 Henry 
I confirmed to the canons of Nostell i bovate in Hardwick which Ernulf de 
Preston had given. 2 Possibly Robert de Preston, named above, was son 
of Ernulf. In 1166 William de Preston was amerced for the concealment 
of a plea of the crown by the wapentake court of Morley. 3 

1596. Grant by William de Preston to the canons of Nostell for the 
soul of Henry his son and Basilia and Aldid, the donor's 
wives, of a tillage of his demesne land near the canons' mill 
and between that mill and the town of Hardwick, the canons 
having received Henry his son as a full canon and having 
made a canon for his soul ; gift also, for the soul of the said 
Henry, of i bovate to the chapel of St. John the Baptist of 
Purston for the support of the deacon to serve there; the 
donor to be received at Nostell if he desired to take the habit, 
or if not, his body to be buried there with a bequest of such 
chattels as he might desire to make, and his wife Aldid like- 
wise. 1160-^.1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 99^ (old p. 240). 

Sciant tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus de 
Prestona do et concedo et hac presenti carta confirmo in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam Deo et Sancto Oswaldo de Nostla et 

1 Mon, Angl., v, 1286. * n. 1430 above. 

3 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. 



266 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute anime mee et 
nominatim pro anima Henrici filii mei et pro anima Basilidis 
sponse mee et anima uxoris mee Aldid et pro animabus omnium 
antecessorum et heredum meorum, unam culturam terre de meo 
dominio que est juxta molendinum predictorum canonicorum inter 
villam de Herdwic et ipsum molendinum ; et canonici receperunt 
Henricum filium meum in plenum canonicum et pro anima ejus 
unum fecerunt canonicum. Do etiam et concede, pro anima 
Henrici filii mei, unam bovatam terre, solutam et quietam ab 
omni seculari servitio, capelle Sancti Johannis Baptiste de Pres- 
tona ad sustentationem diaconi qui serviet predicte capelle : que 
bovata fuit Wlget hominis mei in Prestona. Et [si] in vita mea 
ad religionem me conferre voluero, apud Sanctum Oswaldum 
habitum religionis suscipiam; sin autem, cum talibus catallis 
quibus potero vel legare voluero, in decessu meo apud predictos 
canonicos corporis mei sepulturam eligo. Similiter prefata uxor 
mea Aldid apud prefatos canonicos sepulturam corporis sui elegit 
et se concessit. Hujus donationis et concessionis testes sunt 
Aldid sponsa mea, etc. 

1597. Grant by William de Preston, for the health of the soul of 

Henry his son, to the canons of Nostell of i acre of land in 
Wragby, near the canons' woodland. 1160-^.1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 103^ (old p. 248). 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus de 
Prestona, pro salute anime mee et Henrici filii mei et parentum 
et predecessorum meorum, dedi et concessi et hac me[a] carta 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
unam acram terre in Wraggebi, illam videlicet quam Rogerus 
filius Bernui tenuit, juxta nemus canonicorum. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1598. Grant by William de Preston, for the soul of Henry his son, 
to the monks of Pontefract of land in Tanshelf, namely an 
edificed toft and a croft, and land held by Ailbern and his 
service of nd. so that Ailbern and his sons, Adam and 
Hugh, shall hold the land of the monks at fee farm ; for this 
the monks have received the soul of the donor's son into 
fraternity and will make an anniversary for him, as for a 
monk. 1165-1175. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 340?. Pd. in Chartul. ofPontefr., 
n. 159- 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de Prestuna 
concessi et donavi Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis de 
Pontefracto et hac carta mea confirmavi, pro anima Henrici filii 
mei et pro anima mea et animabus antecessorum meorum, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni 



LASCY FEE : WRAGBY, PURSTON JAGLIN 267 

servitio, preter orationes tantum, terram meam in Tanessolf quam 
Rogerus filius Pagani tenuit, scilicet toftum unum herbergiatum 
cum crofto et homonagium ipsius Rogerii ; terram insuper quam 
Ailbernus tenuit de me et homonagium quod debuit mihi ipse et 
heredes sui et servitium terre ipsius, scilicet xii. d. pro omnibus 
consuetudinibus in festo Sancti Martini ; ita quod Ailbernus et 
filii sui Adam et Hugo eandem terram teneant per hanc firmam in 
feudo et hereditate; et si moriantur sine heredibus terra ilia 
remaneat soluta et quieta ecclesie Sancti Johannis et monachis. 
Monachi vero predicti receperunt animam filii mei in plenariam 
fraternitatem et in anniversario l obitus sui die singulis annis 
facient anniversarium servitium pro eo sicut pro uno de monachis 
suis. Testibus, Rogero presbitero de hospitali, Arnaldo Pigaz, 
Henrico de Dai ; Jordano, Rainaldo, Rogero [et] Waltero de 
Ledestuna ; Edwino filio Walteri, Hugone de Brettona, Thoma 
et Michaele filiis ejus, Willelmo pistore et Hereberto filio ejus, 
Dolfino clerico, Radulfo alto, Roberto filio Araldi, Waltero de 
Tholosa, Adam filio Forni, Ranulfo filio Syuardi, Roberto filio 
Haulf, Rainaldo mercer, Erniso coco, Hugone filio Serli, Ulfkillo 
Palmer et aliis. 

These tenements were in Purstonjaglinand included land called Mairwell, 
which Hugh, prior of Pontefract, afterwards gave to Richard de Lewis. 8 
At a later date Gilbert son of Hugh son of Ailbern quit-claimed to the 
monks a ridding in Purston called " Ailberne-rode." 3 The first witness 
was the priest of St. Nicholas' hospital in Pontefract. 4 William de Preston, 
son of Robert, held a knight's fee of Henry de Lascy in u66. 5 He was 
twice married, his wives' names being Basilidis and Aldid. His heir was 
a daughter named Isolda, whose husband's name is not known. The 
descent from Isolda is recorded in a plea in 1251 : Adam her son and heir 
died s.fl., William, heir to his brother Adam, had a sister Matilda, who 
married Robert de Horton, who had by her a son, Hugh de Horton, who 
was called to warranty in the said plea. William de Preston had issue 
Peter, who died s.p., and William, who had a son William, the plaintiff. 6 
This descent is greatly at variance with that given by Mr. Holmes. 7 There 
is some reason for believing that the husband of Isolda was Thomas de 
Lewynthorp, father of Jursella, wife of Roger Le Scot of Calverley. 8 

Another member of this family was William, son of Roger de Preston, 
who gave to Henry de Lascy parcels of the wood of Preston (probably ad- 
joining the park of Ackworth) in exchange for other parcels of the same 
wood. Robert son of Jordan de L'Isle of Hessle released to Henry de 
Lascy his right in certain parcels of wood in Preston, lying next Ackworth 
Park.* In 1189 William son of Roger de Preston was amerced for with- 
drawing from his appeal. 10 Ranulf son of Leofwin de Preston is named in 
the same year. 11 

1 "adversario" ; MS. * Ckartul., n. 156. * ib., n. 160. 

4 Mr. Holmes. 5 Red Bk., 422. 

Assize R. 1046, m. 2d. 

7 Ckartul., pp. 226, 385 ; and Introduction, p. xlvi. 

8 See the note to a Calverley ch. 

' D. of Lane., Miscel., bundle I, n. 36, m. 3. 
10 Pipe J?., i Ric. I, 85. " ib., 87. 



268 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1599. Grant by William, son of Isold de Preston, to the canons of 

Nostell, towards the repair of the shoes of the poor, of i 
bovate in Purston (Jaglin), to hold by doing forinsec service 
for i bovate, where 6 carucates make a knight's fee. 
1200-1220. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. i i6d (old p. 288). 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus 
films Ysolde de Prestona, crucesignatus, dedi et concessi et hac 
presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et elemosinarie canonicorum 
Sancti Oswaldi de Nostl[a] ad sotulares pauperum emendos, 
unam bovatam terre in territorio de Prestona, pro salute anime 
mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum, in liberam, puram, 
et perpetuam elemosinam, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et 
libertatibus et asiamentis infra villam et extra sine aliquo 
retenemento : illam videlicet bovatam quam Walterus Bonservise 
aliquando tenuit; habendam et possidendam libere, pacifice, 
honorifice, et quiete ad omni servitio et consuetudine et seculari 
exactione, faciendo inde tantum forinsecum servitium quantum 
pertinet ad unam bovatam terre unde sex carucate terre et 
dimidiam faciunt feodum unius militis. Ego vero Willelmus 
crucesignatus et heredes mei warantizabimus, manutenebimus, 
et defendemus predictam bovatam terre cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis predictis canonicis et predicte elemosinarie eorum, secundum 
quod predictum est, ubique et in omnibus et contra omnes homines 
imperpetuum. Ut autem hec mea donatio, concessio, et con- 
firmatio sine omni contradictione et reclamatione mei et heredum 
meorum rata et inconcussa perpetuis maneat temporibus presens 
scriptum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1600. Notification by Robert de Beston, son of Isold de Preston, 
of his gift to St. Oswald's, Nostell, for the use of the sacrist, 
of the service of Thomas son of Osbert de Huntwick. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 170^ (old p. 420). 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus [has literas videntibus vel audi- 
entibus] Robertus de Bestona films Ysolde de Prestona salutem 
in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra me dedisse et concessisse 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti 
Oswaldi de Nostell, ad opus secretarii L sui, in liberam, puram, et 
perpetuam elemosinam, omne servitium Thome filii Osberti de 
Huntewic quod mihi facere consuevit, cum homagiis, escaetis et 
releviis, custodiis, et omnibus servitiis aliis que pro terra sua 
facere consuevit quam de me tenuit, videlicet den[arium] 2 argenti 
per annum ad duos terminos, medietatem ad Pentecosten et aliam 
medietatem ad festum Sancti Martini. Ego vero predictus Robertus 

1 " sacristarii " ; added in the margin. 

1 Probably numerals are omitted before "denar." 



LASCY FEE: PURSTON, FEATHERSTON 269 

et heredes mei predictum servitium cum homagiis, escaetis, releviis, 
custodiis, sicut predictum est, Deo et predicte ecclesie contra omnes 
homines warantizabimus et defendemus. Et volo ut hec elemosina 
ita libera sit sicut ulla elemosina liberior esse potest. In cujus 
rei testes, etc. 

1601. Notification of William son of Amfrey de Federstan to Roger, 
20. archbishop of York, that with the consent of Dureward his 
brother, and for the health of the soul of Hadawise, wife of 
the grantor, he has given to the canons of Nostell the church 
of Featherston, and has confirmed the exchange made be- 
tween the canons and the monks of Pontefract. 1154-1170. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. ioi^(old p. 244) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. qod. 

Rogero Dei gratia venerabili Eboracensi archiepiscopo et 
cunctis futuris archiepiscopis totique capitulo Sancti Petri et 
omnibus heredibus et successoribus suis omnibusque sancte 
ecclesie filiis Willelmus films Amfridi de Federstan salutem. 
Notum sit caritati vestre me, assensu fratris mei Durewardi, pro 
salute anime mee et uxoris mee Hadawise et omnium heredum 
meorum et pro anima patris mei et matris mee et omnium paren- 
tum meorum, dedisse et concessisse in perpetuam elemosinam 
ecclesiam de Federstan ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostlath et 
canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus ; et presentis carte scripto 
confirmasse escambiam que fuit facta inter canonicos Sancti 
Oswaldi et monachos ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto. 
Hujus rei testes sunt, etc. 

Ralph held Featherston at the Survey of Ilbert de Lascy. It has been 
suggested that he was Ralph son of Edeline who, before noo, gave to the 
chapel of St. Clement, Pontefract, 2 thraves of his tithe of Stubbs, 1 probably 
Stubbs- Walding. Ralph de Fetherston gave to the canons of Nostell 10 
acres of land (in Featherston ?), which gift was confirmed by Henry I during 
the period 1121-1127.* In the time of Henry III Ralph de Fetherston 
held at his death a rent of assize of ^d. from Stubbs. s 

William de Federstan 4 held i fee in 1166 of Henry de Lascy, and in 
the same year he was amerced for a crown plea concealed by the wapentake 
court of Staincross. 5 He had a son William who confirmed the gift of the 
church of Featherston. 6 The next step in the descent is uncertain. Robert 
de Federestan was amerced in 1190 for a default, 7 and in the ensuing year 
Richard de " Ferdeston " occurs among certain defaulters from the 
neighbourhood of Pontefract. 8 Ralph and William de Federstan are fre- 
quently named during the first half of the reign of Henry III. A plea in 
1231 between Ralph de Fetherstan and Adam de Stubbs and Robert his 
brother of digging turves in Ralph's turbary in Stubbs (Walding) has been 
noticed already.' Ralph died early in 1244, seised of lands in Featherston 
and rents in Chivet and Stubbs. Before marriage to Emma his wife he had 

1 Mon. Angl., v, 1286. z ib., vi, 92^. 

8 Yorks. Inq. p.m., i, 2. * " Feresham " ; Red Bk., 422. 

' Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 47. n. 1602. 

T Pipe R., 2 Ric. I. 8 ib., 8 Ric. I. n. 1588. 



270 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

issue by her a son, Richard, who continued the name and line, and after 
marriage a daughter Olive, his heir, then aged i6 years. 1 In May, 1244, 
the marriage of Olive, daughter of Ralph de Fetherstan, was granted to 
Hamon son of Philip, to his own use. 8 

1602. Confirmation by William, son of William de Federstan, for 
the health of the soul of Aubreye his wife, to the canons of 
Nostell of his father's gift of the church of Featherston, and 
the agreement made between the said canons and the monks 
of Pontefract respecting the church of Featherston ; confirma- 
tion also of 10 acres of land on the moor of Featherston 
which his father bequeathed with his body. 1170-1190. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Colt. MS. Vesp. E. xix, f. loid. 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit Willelmus films Willelmi filii Amfridi de Federstan 
salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra me, caritatis 
intuitu et pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee Albrede et anima- 
bus omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum, concessisse et 
presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Osuualdi 
de Nostle et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, donum et concessionem que pater meus 
Willelmus fecit predicte ecclesie et predictis canonicis super 
ecclesia de Federstan et suis omnibus pertinentiis infra villam et 
extra, ratum habens escambium quod factum est inter eos[dem] 
canonicos et monachos de Pontefr[acto] super eadem ecclesia. 
Confirmo etiam et concede Deo et predicte ecclesie Sancti 
Osuualdi et predictis canonicis, pro salute anime mee et predicte 
uxoris mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam decem acras terre in mora de Federstan, 
illas scilicet quas predictus pater meus eisdem prius legavit cum 
corpore suo, liberas, solutas et quietas ab omni servitio et exactione 
seculari. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis omnia predicta 
contra omnes homines ubicunque in perpetuum. Et ut hoc ratum 
perpetuo maneat et inconcussum presentem cartam sigilli mei 
appositione roboravi. Hiis, etc. 

1603. Grant by Roger son of Walter de Whitwood to the church 
of St. John the Evangelist of Pontefract of 2 bovates of his 
demesne in Whitwood next towards the east. Done at the 
second Lent next after King Henry II took the cross. 1189. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 47^. Pd. in Chartttl. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 248. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerus films Walteri 
de Withewde dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi 
Deo et ecclesie Sancti Johannis evangeliste de Pontefracto 
duas bovatas terre cum omnibus pertinentiis suis de dominio 
meo in Withewde propinquiores versus est in puram et per- 

1 Yorks. Inq. p.m. i, 2. * Cat. of Pat. R. t 1232-1247, p. 424. 



LASCY FEE: FEATHERSTON, WHITWOOD 271 

petuam elemosinam, et propter concordiam omnium querelarum 
que mote erant inter me et predictam ecclesiam. Et ego Rogerus 
et heredes mei warantizabimus predictas duas bovatas predicte 
ecclesie contra omnes homines. Facta est hec carta proxima 
secunda Quadragesima postquam dominus Henricus secundus 
rex accepit crucem. Hiis testibus, Waltero filio Hugonis tune 
ballivo regis de Westriding, Henrico clerico de Kellingtona, 
Adam de Rainevilla, Ivone de Lungwilers, Willelmo fratre suo, 
Petro de Toulestona, Ricardo fratre suo, Willelmo filio Morker, 
Thoma de Horebirri, Jordano fratre suo, Willelmo de Horebiri 
et Thoma fratre suo, Adam filio Coleman, Jordano, Johanne et 
Thoma filiis Assolf, et multis aliis. 

Henry II took the cross on St. Agnes' day (21 January), nSS. 1 The 
date of this charter is therefore in Lent, 1189. 

1604. Notification of Hugh, prior, and the convent of Pontefract 
that the convent of Nostell have granted to them a chapel in 
their manor of Whitwood (par. Featherston), in which none 
but the monks may celebrate ; that any offerings there made 
are to be transmitted to the mother church of Featherston 
and no parishioner is to be admitted into the chapel. 1184- 
^.1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. loid (old p. 244). 
Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis hoc scriptum visuris 
vel audituris frater Hugo prior et conventus de Pontefracto 
salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra quod prior et 
conventus Sancti Oswaldi de Nostil concesserunt nobis habere 
quandam capellam manerio nostro de Witewode, in qua ex- 
ceptis monachis nullus alius divina celebrabit. Oblationes vero, 
si que in eadem capella facte fuerint, ad matricem ecclesiam 
transmittentur, nee aliquem parochianum in eadem capella admit- 
temus, unde matrici ecclesie de Federstan aliquod prejudicium 
generetur. Teste capitulo nostro. 

1605. Grant by Hugh son of Gilbert de Snithal to the monks of 
21. Kirkstall of 2 acres in Snydale, for which they gave him a 

horse. ^.1175-1200. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 42. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 207. 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus 
quam futuris quod ego Hugo filius Gileberti de Snithala dono et 
concede et hac mea carta confirmo Deo et Sancte Marie et mona- 
chis de Kirk[estal] in perpetuum duas acras terre in Snithala, vide- 
licet unam acram inter prata aquilonis, et apud Lesewelle partes 
duarum bovetarum juxta terram Roberti filii Suani pro altera 
acra, tenendas de me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni terreno servitio et seculari 

1 Hoveden,\\, 335. 



272 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

exactione. Ego vero et heredes mei prescriptas acras eis adquie- 
tabimus erga dominum regem et dominos, et warantizabimus 
ubique et erga omnes homines. Monachi vero dederunt mihi pro 
caritate unum equum. Testes. 

Afterwards the donor gave to the monks an acre and a half next their 
grange of Snydale and confirmed the above gift of 2 acres in Lesewelleflat 
and an acre among the meadows in the northern part of the town. He 
also confirmed to them anything they had received or might obtain from 
his free men, holding lands of his fee in that town.' 

A manuscript, in the possession of Mr. Richard Mallett of Normanton 
in the I7th century, records that Walter Peytefin and Lettice his wife, 
daughter of Hugh Morker, had a daughter, Berlett, who married Gilbert 
de Snythall, by whom she had issue, Hugh, Richard and Robert. In her 
widowhood Berlett is said to have enfeoffed Richard her son of 4 bovates 
in Normanton.* In 1166, Gilbert de Snithale held half a fee of Henry de 
Lascy. 3 Robert de Snidale, who may be identified as the Robert son of 
Swane of this charter, was amerced in 1170 for breach of an assize. 4 John 
de Snithal and Richard de Engleston were amerced in 1200 for the with- 
drawal of their pleas. 5 A number of persons bearing the local name are 
mentioned during the period 1 200-1 242, 6 but the next recorded holder of 
this fee was Peter de Snithale, who held fee in 1235-36 of John de 
Lascy, earl of Lincoln. 7 

1606. Grant by Robert de Lascy to the monks of Kirkstall of 3 
carucates in Snydale with the messuage which his father gave. 
1177-1193. 
Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 42. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 206. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Robertus de Laci salutem. Sciatis quod ego Robertus, 
pro animabus patris et matris mee et omnium antecessorum 
nostrorum et pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee et heredum 
meorum, dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et 
Sancte Marie et monachis meis de Kirk[estal] in perpetuum tres 
carrucatas terre in Snithala cum massagio quod dedit eis pater 
meus in eadem villa cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in pratis et 
pasturis, infra villam et extra et in omnibus locis sine retenemento, 
tenendas de me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam, liberas et quietas ab omni terreno servitio et seculari 
exactione. Ego vero et heredes mei predictam terram prefatis 
monachis meis warantizabimus et defendemus et adquietabimus 
ubique et erga dominum regem et erga omnes homines. Testes. 

This gift was also made or renewed in a charter by which the grantor 
gave to the monks whatever he had in Cliviger (co. Lane.), which Hugh de 
Heland, father of Richard de Heland, held of the donor's father at a yearly 
rent of 2oj. 8 

Subsequent to this grant an agreement was made by the monks with 

1 Coucher of K., n. 208. a Yorks. Arch* Jour., viii, 5- 

* Ked Bk., 422. Pipe R., 16 Hen. II, 43. ib., 2 John. 

Yorks. Fines, 33 ; Assize R. 1042, m. 23 and m. 29. 

7 Testa, 3646. 8 Coticherof K.,n.2%6. 



LASCY FEE: SNYDALE, LEAD 273 

Bernard, parson of Normanton, for a yearly payment by the monks of 2os. 
for tithe of this land. This was done in the presence of masters Ralph de 
Kime, Heimerus (? Honorius) and W. de Hof ' (sic), officials of the arch- 
bishop of York. 1 The date is about 1198-1200. 

1607. Grant by Leonius, son of Ralph son of Wimund, with the 
22. consent of his father, and Thomas, the grantor's brother, and 
Aceline de Dai, his grandfather, and the heirs of the same 
Aceline, namely, Hugh, Henry and Ralph, to the brethren 
of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of the mill of Lead and 6 
acres belonging thereto, which the said Aceline gave to the 
grantor's father in marriage with his daughter; to hold for 
mark yearly. 11601166. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. jSd. 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presenti- 
bus quam futuris quod ego Leonius filius Radulfi filii Wimundi, 
concessione patris mei et fratris mei Thome et consilio et assensu 
Acelini de Dai avi mei et heredum suorum, videlicet Hugonis et 
Henrici et Radulfi, concessi et dedi et hac carta mea confirmavi Deo 
et pauperibus hospitalis Sancti Petri Eboracensis molendinum de 
Leda et sex acras terre que pertinent ad molendinum, que Acelinus 
avus meus dedit patri meo cum filia sua in matrimonium : quod 
videlicet molendinum cum prefata terra concessi predictis 
pauperibus ad tenendum de me et de heredibus meis post me 
imperpetuum in liberam elemosinam, solutam et quietam et im- 
munem ab omnibus geldis et consuetudinibus et exactionibus et 
auxiliis et ab omni seculari servitio preter dimidiam marcam 
argenti quam predicti pauperes reddent mihi annuatim et heredi- 
bus-meis post me. Nos autem prenominatam elemosinam waren- 
tizabimus eis et tuebimur contra omnes homines. Hiis testibus : 
Radulfo capellano de Burnusa, Johanne capellano, Laurentio 
capellano, Stephano de Bulemer, Paulino decano 2 de Sireburn. 
The following table shows the descent of the family of Day : . 

Asceline de Dai,= 
d. ante 1166. I 



1 


I 


I 


I 


1 


Hugh, = Alice, dau. 


Henry, 


Ralph, 


Basi- 


[Matilda ?]= Ralphs. 


a leper. 


Will, de 


occ. 1 1 66. 


occ. 1 1 66. 


lea. 




of Wim- 




Lisle. 










und. 



I III 

Eva, = Peter de Aliz, Will, de Grimston, Ralph. Leonius Thomas. 



occ. 1208. 



Toulston, m. Hugh s. and h., occ. 1180. (de Fenton). 

occ. 1166. de Milford. 



Hugh, Rainer de Ayketon. 

occ. 1219. 



1 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 211. 

2 " diacono " ; MS. But cf. Coucher of Sclby, n. 465. 
Ill 



274 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Peter de Toulston held a third part of 2 fees under Henry de Lascy in 
1166; Henry de Uai and Ralph his brother each holding other thirds. 1 
In 1185 Peter de Touleston owed 5 marks for the right of land which he 
had not yet obtained because his heir, with whom he (jointly) pleaded was 
under age. 2 This entry was repeated until 1 199. In 1 193 Peter de Toules- 
ton owed 5 marks for a writ of right of fee in Lede and Fenton. 3 In 
1196 Peter was apparently deceased, for Eva de Day and Hugh her son 
owed 5 marks for having the right of [2] carucates of land in Lead and Fenton 
against Hugh de Mileford. 4 In 1208 Hugh de Mileford and Alice his wife 
acknowledged that the carucate in Lead was the right of Eva de Daie, who 
granted it to them to hold in fee of her and her heirs with certain excepted 
lands and a third part of the mill which she was to hold in demesne. 5 

Hugh son of Peter de Touleston gave land between Ackton and Snydale 
and I carucate in Loscoe in Ackton to Kirkstall. 8 He also gave land in 
Huntwick to Nostell. 7 In 1214 Richard de Akinton owed 2os. for a precipe 
against Hugh de Touleston touching 2 bovates in Touleston. 8 Peter de 
Ayketon held half a knight's fee of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, in 

1235-36-' 

It is probable that the younger daughter of Ascelin de Dai was named 
Matilda, for in 1 189 Leonius son of Matilda de Fenton was amerced because 
one for whom he was pledge had not appeared to prosecute a plea. 10 

1608. Confirmation by Henry de Day and Ralph his brother to the 
brethren of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of the mill of Lead 
which Aceline, their father, gave, with the pool and 6 acres of 
land, to hold by rendering yearly \ mark to the heirs of 
Ralph son of Wimund ; but no distress to be levied from the 
brethren in default of any service due to the donors from the 
said heirs. 1160-1180. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 78^. 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris 
quam presentibus quod ego Henricus de Day et Radulfus frater 
meus concessimus et dedimus et presenti carta confirmavimus 
Deo et Sancto Petro et pauperibus hospitalis Beati Petri Ebora- 
censis molendinum de Leda, quod pater noster Acelinus eis prius 
dederat in puram et perpetuam elemosinam cum stagno et sex 
acris terre que ad predictum molendinum pertinent, et ut re- 
maneat molendinum in bene et in pace in loco ubi fratres hospitalis 
illud edificaverunt, sine aliqua contradictione et vexatione. Hoc 
eis concedimus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam, 
solutam et quietam ab omni seculari servitio preter dimidiam 
marcam argenti quam predicti fratres hospitalis reddent annuatim 
heredibus Radulfi filii Wimundi ; et pro defectu alicujus servitii 
quod heredes Radulfi nobis facere debent de feudo quod de nobis 
tenent namium super predictos fratres non capiemus. Isti sunt 
testes: Radulfus capellanus, Patricius capellanus, Benedictus 

RedBk., 422. * Pipe R., 32 Hen. II, 63. 

ib., 5 Ric. I. ib., 8 Ric. I. 

Yorks. Fines, n. 409. Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 209, n. 212. 

Chartul. of Nostell, f. io8rf(old p. 258) ; Yorks. Arch. Jour., xi, 64. 

Pipe R., 16 John ; A", de Fin., 533. 

Testa, 3646. 10 Pipe R. t I Ric. I, 87. 



LASCY FEE: LEAD, SAXTON, HUNTWICK 275 

capellanus, Robertas Scire, Gervasius, Henricus capellanus, 
Johannes capellanus, Rogerius Nicher, Thomas diaconus, Alanus 
clericus de Langet[on], Robertas Wai, Robertas Brim, Suanus 
pelliparius, Martinus Malherbe, Eurausius de Blaikstreta, Robertas 
magnus, Anandus, Robertas Palmer, Silvester filius Agnetis, 
Laurentius Rotomagensis, Alexander filius Gam[el], Ricardus 
Bagoth, et multi alii. 

1609. Confirmation similar to the last, and grant of part of the 
holme near the houses of the brethren in Saxton. 1160 
1180. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 7&f. 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris 
quam presentibus quod ego Henricus de Day et Radulfus frater 
meus concessimus, dedimus, et presenti carta confirmavimus Deo 
et Sancto Petro et pauperibus hospitalis Sancti Petri Eboracensis 
molendinum de Leda, quod pater noster Acelinus eis prius dederat 
in puram et perpetuam elemosinam cum stagno et sex acris terre 
que ad predictum molendinum pertinent ; et ut remaneat molendi- 
num in bene et in pace in loco ubi fratres hospitalis illud edifica- 
verunt ; et ut liceat eis reparare stagnum suum secundum altitu- 
dinem prime structure quotiens opus fuerit, non ad nostrum 
dampnum, sine aliqua contradictione et vexatione. Hoc eis con- 
cedimus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam 
ab omni seculari servitio preter dimidiam marcam argenti quam 
predicti fratres reddent annuatim heredibus Radulfi filii Wimund ; 
et pro defectu alicujus servitii quod heredes Radulfi nobis facere 
debent de feudo quod de nobis tenent namium super predictos 
fratres non capiemus. Et preterea dedimus et confirmavimus 
illis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam quamdam partem insule 
juxta domos suos in campis de Sestona, a torrente per cruces in 
terra positas usque ad fossatum. [Testibus :] Johanne capellano, 
Radulfo presbitero de Burnus, Adam, Gaufrido filio Legard, 
Turstino clerico, Petro Luel, Roberto Buci, Arturo genero Ypoliti, 
Willelmo fratre camerarii, Elya de Edelingtona. 

1610. Confirmation by Peter de Touleston, with the consent of 

Eva de Dai, his wife, to the canons of Nostell of 10 acres in 
a tillage next their land towards Huntwick; and release by 
Peter and his wife of their claim to a tillage beyond the 
vivary of the canons, which is nigh to Foulby ; for which the 
canons have received Hugh de Dai into full fraternity, he 
being stricken with leprosy. 1166-^.1193. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 108 (old p. 257). 
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn clericis quam laicis 
Petrus de Toulestona salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me 
consensu Eve de Dai uxoris mee concessisse et presentis script! 



276 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

attestatione confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswald! et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus decem acras terre que sunt in una cul- 
tura que vicinior est eorum terre versus Huntwic, in puram 
elemosinam, perpetuo possidendas de nobis et de heredibus nostris 
libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio de nobis et de omnibus 
hominibus. Clamavimus etiam ego Petrus et uxor mea Eva et 
heredes nostri imperpetuum quietam calumpniam quam habuimus 
in cultura ilia ultra vivarium ipsorum canonicorum que est juxta 
Folebi. Pro hac concessione receperunt predicti canonici Hugonem 
de Dai in plenarium fratrem omnibus diebus vite sue, qui lepra 
percussus erat. Hujus rei testes sunt, etc. 

1611. Confirmation by Eva de Dai to the canons of Nostell of the 

tillage beyond the canons' vivary near Foulby, which Asche- 
lin de Dai, her grandfather, gave them; and of 10 acres in a 
tillage next their land of Huntwick which Hugh (de Dai), her 
father, gave when the canons received him as a canon. 
^.1193-1210. 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 108 (old p. 257) ; Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, f. 45^. 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Eva de 
Dai pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee et parentum 
et antecessorum meorum concessi et hac mea presenti carta con- 
firmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi de Nostle et canonicis 
ibidem Deo servientibus, in liberam et puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam, illam culturam qui est ultra vivarium canonicorum 
proximum Folebi, quam Aschelinus de Dai avus meus dedit 
eisdem canonicis in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
et concessit. Preterea concessi predictis canonicis decem acras 
terre quas Hugo pater meus eis dedit quum susceperunt eum 
in canonicum : illas scilicet que sunt in una cultura que vicinior 
est eorum terre versus Huntwic, scilicet in liberam et puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus 
prefatis canonicis hanc elemosinam contra omnes homines. Et 
volo quod hec elemosina nostra sit libera et quieta sicut aliqua 
elemosina liberior et quietior esse solet. Hiis testibus, etc. 

1612. Grant by Thomas son of Robert de Touleston to the monks of 

Pontefract of a toft in Toulston with the native and his 
sequel, in alms when Robert the donor's brother became a 
monk of their house. 1 160-1 1 75. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 71. Pd. in Chartul. of P., n. 454. 
Omnibus fidelibus sancte matris ecclesie Thomas films 
Roberti de Toulestona salutem. Sciatis omnes quod ego con- 
cessi et donavi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et Sancto 
Johanni in Pontefracto et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
unum toftum in Toulestuna, scilicet toftum Stephani cum tota 






LASCY FEE: TOULSTON, KIRKBY WHARFE 277 

secta sua, libere et quiete de me et de heredibus meis, in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam cum fratre meo Roberto quando in domo 
Sancti Johannis factus est monachus in Pontefracto. Siquis autem 
heredum meorum hanc elemosinam predictis monachis abstulerit 
vel minuerit vel perturbationem inde eis fecerit, sciat se male- 
dictione mea esse obstrictum. Hujus rei testes sunt, Herebertus 
de Archis, Willelmus filius Hervei, Robertas de Swinlingtona, 
Robertus de Stapiltona, Adam de Prestuna, Thomas de Prestona. 

Three of the witnesses were knights of Henry de Lascy in U66, 1 as also 
was Peter de Toulston, brother of the grantor. 

1613. Grant by Basilla de Day to Ralph, her younger son, of J caru- 

cate in Kirkby (Wharfe), which Acelin de Day, her father, 
gave to her in free marriage ; to hold of William de Grimston, 
her son and heir, for a pound of cumin at Kirkby church at 
Christmas yearly, as in her son's charter to her. 1180-1200. 
From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 114^. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Basilla de 
Day dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Radulfo 
juniori filio meo dimidiam carucatam terre cum pertinentiis in 
Kirkebi, illam scilicet quam Ascelinus de Day quondam pater 
meus mihi dedit in liberum maritagium ; tenendam illi et heredibus 
suis de Willelmo de Grimston filio et herede meo et de heredibus 
suis imperpetuum, libere, quiete, honorifice et hereditarie ; red- 
dendo inde annuatim in die Natalis Domini ad ecclesiam de 
Kirkebi predicto Willelmo vel heredibus suis unam libram cimini, 
sicuti in carta sepedicti Willelmi filii et heredis mei, quam inde 
habeo, continetur. Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Rie, johanne 2 et 
Gileberto et Hugone filiis ejus, Ricardo de Luterington, Hugone 
filio ejus, Hugone de Langetvait, Hugone Gernun, Roberto filio 
ejus, Henrico de Berlai, Alexandro de Otun, et multis aliis. 

1614. Grant by Hugh de Milford to the monks of Selby of i2d. of 

rent from 2 acres of land at Brackenhill in (North) Milford. 
^.1190-1196. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. 97^. Pd. in Coucher, n. 531. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Hugo de 
Milford dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo 
et ecclesie Sancti Germani de Selebi et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, ad opus ecclesie sue, redditum xii. d. annuatim quos 
Rogerus le charetter de Milford mihi reddere solebat de ij acris 
terre de Brakenhill, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam pro 
anima mea et uxoris mee et omnium tam predecessorum quam 
successorum meorum, scilicet vj. d. in transitu Sancti Germani 
et vj. d. in depositione Sancti Germani. Et ego et heredes mei 
predictum redditum predictis monachis contra omnes homines 
1 Red Bk., 422-23. 2 Died before 1212. 



278 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

warantizabimus. Hiis testibus: Martino priore de Sancto 
Andrea [etc.]. 

Martin was probably prior of St. Andrew's, York, before Thomas, Bar- 
tholomew, John and Robert, who were successively priors between ^.1196 
and 1217. 

Hugh son of Peter de Touleston gave to the Hospitallers of Jerusalem 
4 acres in Lead. 1 Brother Brian, preceptor of the Hospitallers, demised a 
toft and 7 acres in Lead given by Hugh de Touleston, I rood in (North) 
Milford, given by Malger (de Stiveton) and Hugh his son, and acre in the 
town of Normanton, given by Richard de Touleston to Matthew son of 
Herbert and his heirs.* 

1615. Grant by Hugh son of Peter de Touleston to the brethren of 

the hospital of Jerusalem of 4 acres of land in Lead ; and 
confirmation of gifts made by Eva his mother, Hugh de 
Milford and Alice de Dai his wife. 1 196-^.1210. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. 
viii, f. 1910?. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hugo films Petri de 
Toulestun concessi et dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et 
Beate Marie et Beato Johanni Baptiste et fratribus et pauperibus 
hospitalis Jerusalem quatuor acras terre in territorio de Leade, 
duas scilicet ad lolrethueat et unam ad Maplewell et unam ad 
Ledewudheved in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberas, quietas 
et absolutas ab omni seculari servitio et exactione. Et preterea 
concessi et confirmavi eisdem toftum quod habent in Leade de 
donatione domine Eve matris mee, et toftum illud et tres acras 
terre quas habent in eadem villa de donatione Hugonis de 
Mileford et Aliz de Day uxoris sue, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis communibus et 
communibus aisiamentis in singulis predicte ville de Lead' perti- 
nentibus. Et hanc concessionem et donationem et confirmationem 
ego Hugo et heredes mei warantizabimus prescriptis hospitu- 
laribus contra omnes homines pro salute anime mee et uxoris 
mee et antecessoriim meorum et successorum. Hiis testibus, 
Roberto le Vavasour, Johanne de Birkin, Roberto le Peitevin, 
Willelmo le Gramair', Ricardo de Hudlestun, Ricardo de Luth, 
Willelmo de Rither, Willelmo de Rivile, Ricardo de Toulestun, 
Hugone Gernun, Roberto le Grant, et aliis. 

1616. Notitia of the gifts by William, earl of Warenne, Ralph de 
23. L'Isle and William his son to the canons of St. Oswald's, 

Nostell, by the hand of Thurstan, archbishop (of York), of 
the church of Woodkirk, and by the said Ralph and William 
his son of 12 bovates in Morley. 

Rot. Chartarum, 2l$b ; Man. Angl., vi, 92^. 

Concedimus et confirmamus ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et cano- 
nicis ibidem servientibus Deo. . . . Donationes etiam, quas fece- 
1 See the next ch. * Dodsw. MS. viii, 192. 



LASCY FEE : LEAD, WOODKIRK 279 

runt ipsis canonicis principes et nobiles regni nostri, regali 
potestate confirmamus, videlicet [inter alia] De Willelmo comite 
Warennie et de Radulfo de Insula et Willelmo filio ejus ecclesiam 
de Wdekirka per manum Turstini archiepiscopi, et de eodem 
Radulfo et Willelmo filio ejus duodecim bovatas terre in Morlai. 

This paragraph relating to Woodkirk and Morley appears in the con- 
firmation of Henry I issued during the period 1121-1127. 1 tne Survey 
under "Clamores in Westreding" we read : " Concerning the church of St. 
Mary which is in the wood of Morelege the king has a moiety of the alms 
of the three feasts of St Mary, because it belongs to Wachefeld ; all the 
other Ilbert (de Lascy) has and the priest who serves the church. The 
verdict of the men of Morelege wapentake." 1 

William son of Ralph de L'Isle may have been the father of Ralph who 
held 2 fees in 1 166 of Henry de Lascy. 2 In that year Ralph was amerced 
for the concealment of a plea of the crown by the wapentake court of 
Morley. 3 About the year 1170 he attested with his brothers, Jordan and 
William, charters relating to lands in Baghill and Pontefract. 4 Charters of 
his will be found among those of the fee of Paynel of Hooton ; none have 
been found relating to the honor of Pontefract. In 1175 William de L'Isle, 
son of Ralph II, rendered account of a fine for licence to make an agree- 
ment. 8 As William son of Ralph de L'Isle he attested, with Guy de L'Isle 
and Richard son of Robert son of Asketin, a grant made by William 
Paynel to Kirkstall of land in Adel.' In 1193 he owed 5 marks for having 
a recognition touching two-thirds of the mill of the marsh of Sutton and 
Brotherton against Ralph the archdeacon and the community of St. Peter's, 
York. 7 There is some uncertainty about the next link in the descent. 
William de L'Isle died shortly before 1226, when a partition of his estates 
was made between Nicholas de Rotheresfeld and Eufemia his wife, and 
Marmaduke Darel and Helewise his wife, which Eufemia and Helewise 
were daughters and heirs of the said William. 8 Nicholas and Eufemia 
obtained lands in Wheldale, Sutton, Morley, Newton, Pontefract, Austhorpe, 
Beeston, Cottingley, Churwell (par. of Bingley), Drighlington, Gildersome 
("Gildhus"), Fincheden, Schole Croft (" Squalecroft "), Pool (" Poles") and 
Haddlesey ("Hausee"), except the service of Hugh de Langetweit for the 
land of Diglandes. Marmaduke and Helewise obtained lands in Brods- 
worth, " Buggethorfe," the advowson of the church of Pickburn, and the 
above-excepted service of Hugh de Langetweit. In 1235-36 Nicholas de 
Quelledale (otherwise " de Rotheresfeld ") held 2 fees of John de Lascy, 
earl of Lincoln. 9 There are numerous charters of Nicholas and Eufemia 
relating to Morley in the chartulary of Nostell. 

1617. Grant by Richard de Seleby, warden of the church of St. Mary 
of Woodkirk, with the consent of the brethren there dwelling, 
to Robert the clerk, or his assign, of 2 bovates in Morley, 
rendering to the said house of St. Mary 45. yearly ; for which 
grant Robert gave them 55-. for recognition. 1180-1200. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 40 (old p. 85). 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus de Selebi, custos 
ecclesie Beate Marie de Wodekirke, consilio et assensu fratrum 

1 Dom. Bk. y i, 373^. * Red Bk., 423. 

3 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. * Chartul. of Pontefract, nos. IOI and 206. 

5 Pipe R., 21 Hen. II, 178. 6 Man. Angl., v, 550. 

7 Pipe R., 5 Ric. I. 8 Feet of F., 18, n. 19. ' Testa, 3646. 



28O EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

nostrorum nobiscum ibidem commorantium, dedimus et con- 
cessimus et hac carta nostra confirmavimus Roberto clerico et 
heredibus suis vel cui assignare voluerit pro homagio et servitio 
suo, duas bovatas terre in Morlay cum omnibus pertinentiis suis 
et libertatibus et asiamentis predicte ville pertinentibus, jure 
hereditario : unam videlicet quam Gilbertus de Hesel tenuit et 
aliam quam Willelmus Likerus tenuit, habendas et tenendas de 
domo Beate Marie predicte et de nobis et successoribus nostris, 
illi et heredibus vel cui assignare voluerit, libere, quiete, et honori- 
fice pro omni seculari servitio; reddendo domui Beate Marie 
memorate et nobis et successoribus nostris annuatim iiii. solidos, 
scilicet ad Pentecosten duos solidos et ad festum Sancti Martini 
duos solidos. Pro hac autem donatione, concessione, et confir- 
matione dedit nobis predictus Robertus de recognitione v. solidos 
argenti. Hiis testibus, etc. 

At a later date Beatrice de Morlay and Robert, the clerk of Rothwell 
(Rowell), released the tenement to the canons of Nostell, as also did Hugh 
de Morlay, son of the said Robert. Afterwards John, prior of Nostell, and 
the convent granted licence to Nicholas de Ruresfeld and Eufemia his wife 
to have a chaplain in the chapel of St. Nicholas of Morley to celebrate 
divine service there daily at their stipend, which chaplain they were to pre- 
sent to the canons to be sworn touching the indemnity of the mother church 
of Batley ; and if he should be declared to have acted against his oath, upon 
his removal by the ordinary, the canons were to admit another chaplain at 
the presentation of the said Nicholas and Eufemia. For this the grantees 
gave the canons I bovate in Morley with a toft and a croft, and Bernard 
son of Siward, their native, with his sequel and chattels. 1 

1618. Grant by Adam de Beeston to the monks of Kirkstall of the 
meadow " del Paliz " in Beeston, and land in Wilmerecroft in 
Morley, with pasture in Morley for 260 sheep. 1190-1210. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall ; D. of Lane., Misc., Bks. n. 7, f. 72; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
45. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 343. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Adam de Bestuna 
pro amore Dei et salute anime mee dedi, concessi et hac mea carta 
confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kir[kestal] iiij 
acras prati in Bestuna in prato quod dicitur pratum del Paliz, et 
unam acram terre in Morlei in Wilmerecroft juxta chiminum,et pas- 
turam in eadem willa et in pertinentiis ejus ubique extra bladum 
et pratum cc et Ix ovibus maribus vel feminis utrum ipsi voluerint ; 
tenendas et habendas de me et de meis heredibus in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, liberam, quietam et solutam ab omni 
terreno servitio et demanda. Et ego Adam et heredes mei hanc 
predictam elemosinam predictis monachis warantizabimus, ad- 
quietabimus et defendemus imperpetuum ubique et contra omnes 
homines. His testibus: Eudone de Lungvilers, Willelmo Gra- 
matico, Petro de Alta Ripa, Ricardo de Tanga, Rogero le Scot, 
Johanne de Tilli, Henrico le Scot, et multis aliis. 
1 loc. dt., f. 40 (old p. 85). 



LASCY FEE: BEESTON, AUSTHORPE 281 

The names of the witnesses are from Dodsworth's transcript. The gift 
provided the monks with pasture for 260 ewes or wethers, an acre of land 
for a sheep-fold, and 4 acres of meadow for hay and litter for the fold. 
Apparently the family of De L'Isle, or that of De Awtrey, had a park in 
Beeston and Morley at this time, for the meadow-land given to the monks 
lay near the pales of a park. 

Ralph de Beston and his neighbour, possibly his superior lord also, 
William de Awtrey (de Alta Ripa) were each amerced 40^. in 1166 for the 
concealment of a crown plea by the wapentake of Morley. 1 In 1170 Ralph 
owed6oj. for the recreancy of Papeillon, for whom he was surety. 2 He had 
issue Adam, Robert, Thomas, and possibly William, who gave 3 marks in 
1206 to return to religion. 3 In 1202, for a recognition of his right in I caru- 
cate in Morley, Adam granted to Ellis son of Adam de Morley 6 bovates in 
that town and other lands and privileges. In the agreement made between 
them Ralph de Burstall and Sampson de Wriddlisford are named as land- 
owners in Morley. 4 In 1209 Adam de Beston and William Le Gramaire 
made an agreement about the division of the woodland between Middleton 
and Beeston. B Adam was succeeded by Ralph his son, father of William, who 
made an agreement in 1257 with the prior and monks of Holy Trinity, York, 
for the discontinuance of the reclusory of the chapel of Beeston, and of an 
anchorite there ; no anchorite or anchoress was to be established there in 
future except by the consent of the prior and monks. 6 

1619. Grant by Robert son of Asketin to the monks of Kirkstall of 
land of his demesne in the tillage of Austhorpe lying towards 
Halton Denes, with pasture for 200 sheep in the fields of 
Austhorpe for their dung, and a sheepfold and enclosure. 
c.\ 170-1 190. 

Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. ^zd. Pd. in Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 156. 
Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
Robertus films Asketini, pro salute anime mee et uxoris mee 
et heredum nostrorum, dono et concede et hac mea carta con- 
firmo Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirk[estal] totam 
terram que pertinet ad demenium meum in cultura versus dena 
de Haletona, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et 
quietam ab omni terreno servitio et seculari exactione, ita quod 
ego et heredes mei hanc terram eis adquietabimus et warantiza- 
bimus ubique et erga omnes homines. Concede etiam eis 
pasturam ducentis ovibus in campis de Oustorp pro fimo earum 
et berchariam cum curia ejus et liberos introitus et exitus infra 
villam et extra villam, tarn ad pasturam quam ad berchariam. 
Quod si monachi pasturam reliquerint, de bercharia facient placi- 
tum suum. De fimo vero predictarum ovium concede monachis 
femare annuatim dimidiam acram ad opus suum. Testes. 

William son of Robert son of Asketin de Oustorp afterwards gave 2 
acres of his demesne in Uverefaldinges and Netherefaldinges and half an 
acre in Puddingecroft (in Austhorpe). 7 He must not be mistaken for William 

1 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. * ib., 18 Hen. II, 62. 

3 ih., 8 Jno. * Yorks. Fines, n. 79. 

6 ib. t n. 427. Dodsw. MS. viii, 222. 

7 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 157. 



282 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

son of Robert son of Astin, who confirmed to the monks of Pontefract 3 
acres and 3 perches in the fields of Pontefract, lying between Ralph's Cross 
(now Stump Cross) and the Thieves' Gallows, which Richard his brother 
gave. His charter was attested by William de Medelay, king's bailiff, Peter 
de Touleston and Richard his brother, William de L'Isle, Jordan of the 
Hall, Richard de Stagno, Adam and Richard his sons, Hugh de Batelay 
and Thomas his brother. 1 Mr. Richard Holmes states that St. Thomas' 
Hill, where Thomas of Lancaster was executed, was within a few hundred 
yards of the Thieves' Gallows, and he suggests that the place was purposely 
selected as being an ancient place of execution. 2 

Robert son of Asketin and William his son also gave to the monks of 
Kirkstall lands in Whetecroft by three separate charters. 1 

1620. Grant by Peter de Autrey to William Le Vavasour of his mill 
of Beeston and Hunslet to hold in fee with the suit from those 
towns and 3 shillings-worth of land in Hunslet for 2 marks 
yearly ; on condition that the donor and his heirs be free of 
multure, but uphold the mill in house, millstones, pool and 
fishery, and make no other mill in that fee besides that of 
Holbeck. 1175-1189. 

Chartul. of Sawley : Harl. MS. 1 12, f. 139. 

Omnibus audientibus et videntibus has literas tam futuris 
quam presentibus Petrus de Alta Ripa salutem. Sciatis me 
dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse, consilio 
et assensu heredum meorum, molendinum meum de Beeston et 
de Hunesflet Willelmo Vavasor et heredibus suis vel cui idem 
donare voluerit, pro homagio suo et servitio, tenendum de me 
et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate libere et quiete cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis et cum tota secta eidem molendino, 
scilicet de Hunesflet et de Beeston ; et tres solidatas redditus 
in Hunesflet, scilicet terram illam que fuit Serlonis molendinarii, 
qui reddit per annum duodecim denarios, et terram que fuit 
Walding in Kerra et terram que fuit Leuiue vidue in Kerra, 
qui reddunt per annum duos solidos. Et si ego vel heredes mei 
predictos iii es solidos perficere non poterimus predicto Willelmo 
et heredibus suis vel cui illos donaverit in predictis terris, ego 
et heredes eis illos perficiemus in aliis terris vel reditibus ; 
reddendo inde michi vel heredibus meis annuatim duas marcas 
pro omni servitio. Sciendum est quod et ego et heredes mei 
habebimus quietam multuram nostram de proprio nostro blado 
proprie domui nostre in predicto molendino. Ita etiam quod 
ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predicto Willelmo et heredibus 
suis predictum molendinum cum predicto reditu iii solidorum, vel 
cui idem donare voluerit, et sustinebimus eis illud molendinum 
in domo, in molis, in stangnis, in attachiamento stangni, in pis- 
cariis; ita tamen quod dictus Willelmus et heredes sui vel ille 
cui molendinum idem donaverit invenient piscatores et retia. Ita 

1 Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 103. * ib., 149, note 2. 

* Coucher of K., nos. 153-155. 



LASCY FEE: BEESTON, HUNSLET 283 

siquidem quod neque ego neque heredes mei aliud molendinum 
firmabimus in illo feodo preter molendinum de Holesbec. Et 
si forte contigerit quod molendinum illud fractum vel debilitatum 
fuerit in domo, vel in molis, vel in stangnis, in attachiamento 
molendini vel stangni, quodcunque predictus Willelmus vel heredes 
sui, vel ille cui molendinum idem donaverit, pro defectu mei vel 
heredum meorum proinde amiserint, eis plenarie restaurabimus. 
Testibus, Rainero vicecomite, Radulpho filio Ricardi, Ricardo 
Malebisse, et aliis. 

There is some uncertainty whether the donor was Peter de Autrey, 
living temp. Henry II, or his supposed son, Peter, who in 1202 acknow- 
ledged to Mauger Vavasour that he and his heirs were bound to warrant 
and to make and repair at their own cost the mill of Hunslet and Beeston 
in mill-stones, timber and stone, pool and attachments, and the suit of 
Hunslet and Beeston. For this Mauger granted to Peter acquittance of 
multure for his own grain, when ground there, and released the land late of 
Serlo the miller, Walding, and the widow Liveva in Hunslet Carr (" Ker"), 
for which Peter remitted 3^. from the farm of 2 marks. 1 The date of the 
charter lies before 1190, because Rainer de Waxtonesham ceased to be 
under-sheriff in 1189. Richard de Autrey sold his land in Hunslet and the 
mill shortly after 1207 to Roger, constable of Chester, for 100 marks. The 
charter was attested by the justices in eyre in Yorkshire and by John de 
Birkin, Henry de Puiset, William de Stapelton, Adam de Reinevill and 
Thomas his son, William Le Grammaire, Robert Le Waleys, Jordan de 
St. Mary, Hugh de Swinlington, William de Longvilers, Adam de Beston, 
Eudo de Longvilers, Humphrey de Villi, Matthew de Sepeley, Adam son 
of Philip, William de Kadenor. 2 At this time Sibil mother of Richard de 
Autrey held Hunslet in dower as i carucate by the service of a I2th part of 
a knight's fee. 3 On 24 June, 1207, Richard demised his land and mill in 
Hunslet to the monks of Fountains for a term of 10 years at a rent of 3 
marks, to be increased to 6 marks when his mother died, the monks taking 
her land also for the residue of the term. He received 6 years' rent, or 18 
marks, in advance. In the last year of the term the meadow-land and 
fallow, "waretum," were to be his, the vestures of corn to be the monks'. 
Philip de Autrey was one of his brother Richard's sureties. Among the 
witnesses were, Sir Roger de Lascy, Robert le Waleys, sheriff of York, 
Richard the sheriff's clerk, and others named above. 4 

1621. Grant by Peter de Autrey to Philip his brother of the land 
which Philip holds in Hunslet, to hold by doing the service of 
a 4th part of J knight, namely the land which Philip held at 
the next feast of St. Peter " Ad Vincula " after the revelation 
of the miracles of blessed William the archbishop of York 
which was done at Whitsuntide, c. 1180-1191. 

Duchy of Lane., Great Coucher, i, f. 183. 

Notum sit omnibus tam futuris quam presentibus hanc cartam 
audientibus quod ego Petrus de Altaripa concessi Philippe de 
Altaripa fratri meo totam terram quam tenet in Hunsleth, cum 
omnibus pertinendis suis in bosco et piano, in aqua, in pratis, 

1 Yorks. Fines, n. 1430. * D. of Lane., Gt. Cowcher, i, 183, n. 77. 

3 it., n. 76. * ib., n. 79. 



284 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

libere et quiete, ei et heredibus suis ; tenendam de me et heredi- 
bus meis, faciendo servitium quarte partis dimidii militis. Et 
sciatis quod hanc cartam ei dedi de tota terra sua quam tenuit 
in Hunsleth sicuti ipse Philippus predictus tenuit in proxima 
festivitate Beati Petri " ad Vincula " post revelationem miracu- 
lorum Beati Willelmi archiepiscopi Eboracensis, que facta fuit 
in Pentecosten. Hiis testibus : Paulino presbitero de Ledes, 
Roberto de Gant, Antonio de Altaripa, Willelmo filio Gamelli, 
Thoma filio Petri, Radulpho de Best[on], Roberto filio ejus, 
Reinero filio Ade, Radulpho filio Walteri, Philippe filio Antonii 
de Altaripa, Hugone de Staint[on], 

Philip de Autrey was amerced for a default in iiSo. 1 Robert de Gant, 
lord of Leeds, and a witness of this charter, died in 1 191. 2 

John son of Peter de Autrey gave to the canons of Drax the homage 
and service of Richard Delahaye of half a carucate in Hunslet and the 
riddings which Richard held by the charters of Peter the grantor's father, 
and a tillage in Beeston called Morflat of Aliwelle-sike, containing 16 acres. 
The canons released a rent of 2os. and arrears of .5, which rent the 
grantor's father and ancestors used to render to them from half a carucate 
in Beeston and from the mill of Hunslet. John de Beston and Alexander 
de Ledes were witnesses. 3 

1622. Grant by Gamel Barret and Richard his son to the monks of 

24. Selby of 4 bovates of land in Thorpe(-Willoughby) and 3 

bovates in Burton(-Hall), excepting those 2 bovates which he 

had previously given to them in alms. 1110-1130. 

Chartul. of Selby, f. 83. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, n. 413. 

Notum sit omnibus tam legentibus quam audientibus quod 

ego Gamellus Barret et filius meus Ricardus, consilio uxoris mee 

et amicorum meorum, dedi ecclesie Sancti Germani et monachis 

ibidem servientibus Deo quatuor bovatas terre in Thorp et [iij 

bovatas] in Burtona, exceptis illis duabus bovatis quas prius 

dederam in elemosinam in eadem villa. Has predictas do ego 

in feudum predicte ecclesie imperpetuum possidendas, scilicet 

quatuor bovatas de Torp tenebit Waldinus eo modo in feudum 

quo eas dedi predicte ecclesie de abbate et monachis, reddendo 

iiij solidos ad festum Sancti Laurencii ; pro iij bovatis de Burtona 

dabit abbas novem denarios eodem termino, et hoc censum habebo 

pro omni servitio quod ad illas terras pertinet, excepto geldo 

quod vocatur Danegeld. Hiis testibus, Ernaldo presbitero de 

Braiton, et aliis. 

In the time of King Edward we read that Baret held the manor 
of Burton Hall, berewicks in Brayton and Thorpe-Willoughby, and the 
church of Brayton, and there is no doubt that he held them of Ilbert de 
Lascy at the time of the Survey, in which it is further recorded that he 
held a manor in Roall (" Ruhale ") and Egbrough, and one of two manors in 
Kellington, both of which he had held in the time of king Edward. It is 

1 Pipe A 1 ., 26 Hen. II, 71. * #., 3 Ric. I, Line. 

3 Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 278^. 



LASCY FEE: THORPE WILLOUGHBY, BURTON 285 

rare to find an instance, such as that which is presented by the following 
documents, where the lineal descendants of a pre-Conquest Englishman 
retained possession of a considerable part of the original estate and 
flourished for many generations. 

Gamel the son of Barret made the above gift probably between 1112 
and 1 1 20, and was joined in making it by his son Richard. The land given 
to the monks in Thorpe-Willoughby was held by a tenant named Waldin 
at a rent of 4 shillings. The 3 bovates in Burton (Hall) appear to have 
been held by Gamel in demesne and, upon granting them to the monks, he 
reserved a nominal rent of three pence from each bovate, and acquitted the 
monks of all exactions except Danegeld. It appears that he had given to 
the monks 2 other bovates in Thorpe at a date prior to this gift. 

The lordship of these lands descended to Alexander de Ruhale I, 
apparently in marriage with " A.," who was clearly a kinswoman, and 
possibly a daughter, of Richard son of Gamel. Other lands of the same 
Gamel son of Baret, or of Richard his son, descended to Henry de 
Vernoil I, son of Agnes, who was evidently the sister and coheir of the 
above-named "A." 

1623. Grant by Alexander de Ruhale to the church of Selby of 2 
bovates of land in Thorpe(-Willoughby), quit of the rent of 
1 6 pence issuing out of the same. 1144-^.1160. 
Chartul. of Selby, f. 83. Pd. in Coucher of Selby, n. 414. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam posteris quod ego 
Alexander de Ruhale dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti Germani de Seleby duas 
bovatas terre in Thorp, tenendas de me et heredibus meis cum 
omnibus pertinentiis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; et hoc 
feci voluntate et concessu uxoris mee A., ita ut ego et heredes 
mei adquietare debeamus ecclesie Sancti Germani de Seleby, 
reddendo annuatim michi et heredibus meis sexdecim denarios 
ad festum Sancti Martini. Hiis testibus, Osberto archidiacono, 
Matheo clerico, etc. 

Possibly this gift conferred upon the monks no more than a quittance of 
the rent of \6d. due from 2 bovates which they then held of the donor, as 
they had held them from his predecessors ; possibly from the 2 bovates, 
named in the charter of Gamel son of Barret, as having been given by him 
prior to his then gift. 

At a later date Alexander de Ruhale, probably son of the above-named 
Alexander, with the consent of Lena his wife and Roger his heir, quit- 
claimed to the monks for lights in their church the rent of 4s. which they 
were in the custom of paying to him for 2 bovates in Thorpe by Selby and 
for 2 bovates in Burton by Brayton. 1 By another deed he gave to the 
secretary or sacrist of the church of Selby 2 bovates in Burton Hall, 
subject to Danegeld and to a yearly rent of ibd. 2 Both these charters 
belong to the period 1195-1220. 

Ralph son of Ralph de Ruhale, in the latter half of Henry Ill's reign, 
acquitted the monks of 4^. gd. of rent, which he had been accustomed to 
receive from them for 3 (rectius 4) bovates in Thorpe-Willoughby and 3 
bovates in Burton Hall, "quas quidem terras predicti monachi possident 
ex donatione antecessorum meorum," 3 namely by the gift of Gamel son 
of Barret. 

1 Coucfter of Selby, n. 459. * #., n. 460. 3 tf., n. 415. 



286 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1624. Quit-claim by Roger de Ruhale to Robert de Lascy, his heirs, 
and his monks of Pontefract of i carucate in Kellingley, in 
exchange for carucate in Extwisle (co. Lane.), granted to 
him by the said Robert. ^.1185-1193. 

Duchy of Lane., Great Coucher, i, f. 178, n. 55. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerus de Ruhale 
quietam clamavi Roberto de Laci et heredibus suis et monachis 
suis de Pumfrate unam carrucatam terre in Kellingeleia de me 
et heredibus meis propter dimidiam carrucatam terre in Extwisel 
quam prefatus Robertas dedit michi in excambiam. Hii sunt 
testes: Wfillelmus] Paenel, Hosb[ertus] tune dapifer, Henricus 
de Pusat, Adam de Rein[evill], Robertus de Stapl[eton], Ricardus 
Maleb[issa], W[illelmus] de Buhli, Hugo de Tilli, Mauricius de 
Askerna, Galfridus Malebissa, Moraundus de Theuri, Wfillelmus] 
films Eust[acii], Serlo clericus, Radulfus figura, Ricardus de 
Lewes, Robertus Camb[erlanus], Radulfus villanus, Alanus 
Bucell[us], Ricardus de Rein[evill]. 

1625. Grant by Roger, son of Humphrey de Ruhale, to the brethren 
of the hospital of St. Peter, York, of 2 bovates in Egborough 
with a messuage and a toft in Haharm, 2 acres in the fields of 
Roall, and i acre of meadow. 1190-1210. 

Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York ; Rawl. MS. B 455, p. 34. 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri literas has visuri 
sive audituri quod ego Rogerus filius Umfridi de Ruhala concessi 
et dedi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo et pauperibus hospitalis 
Sancti Petri Eboracensis duas bovatas terre in Egburg, cum 
omnibus appendiciis et aisiamentis suis que ad easdem bovatas 
pertinent, et mansum ubi Simon manet et unum toftum in 
Haharm et duas acras in campis de Ruhala et unam acram 
prati; in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, liberam et quietam 
et immunem ab omnibus geldis et consuetudinibus et auxiliis 
et exactionibus et omni seculari servitio. Et hoc feci pro salute 
anime mee et anima patris mei et matris mee et omnium ante- 
cessorum meorum ut simus participes omnium bonorum et orati- 
onum que fiunt vel facienda sunt tam in vita quam in morte. 
Hiis testibus : Adam Rotomagensi, Gileberto de Ridera, Arnulfo 
de Rida, Sewala et Arnisio forestariis, Johanne capellano, Adam 
diacono. 

In 1166 Humphrey de Rual held | fee of Henry de Lascy. 1 He gave 
to the canons of Watton a bovate and a toft in Roall, which Roger his son 
confirmed. 2 In 1185 Roger de Ruhale (son of Humphrey) made an agree- 
ment with the prior of Pontefract. 3 He had a brother named Henry, and 
a sister Margery, who, describing herself as Margery daughter of Humphrey 

1 RedBk., 423. MOM. Ebor. t 415. Pipe R., 31 Hen. II, 73. 



LASCY FEE: KELLINGLEY, EGBOROUGH 287 

de Ruhale, gave to the monks of Selby with her body 2 bovates in Thorpe 
(Willoughby). Her charter and those of Adam de Stiveton and Robert de 
Stiveton, her sons, confirming the gift, were attested by John de Birkin and 
William Agillun. 1 Various charters in the chartulary of Pontefract show 
that Humphrey had a numerous progeny besides Roger, Henry the clerk of 
Kellington, and Margery, named above, namely John rector of Kellington 
and dean of Pontefract, Simon, Alexander and Moses. 2 Simon is named 
in the Pipe Rolls of 1179, 1200, 1203 and 1207. He acknowledged the 
right of Ralph son of John de Ruhale in 1202 in 30 acres of land in Sherwood 
Hall in the parish of Kellington (" Sirwude "), for which acknowledgment 
Ralph gave him 25 acres thereof, lying between the land of Henry the 
clerk of Kellington and the Templars' land ; the remaining 5 acres to revert 
to Simon, if the said Ralph had no issue by Agnes his wife. 3 In 1219 this, 
or another, Simon was impleaded by Emma, daughter of Holfrid son of 
Hugh, touching land in Belver. 4 The next link in the descent is not clear ; 
but in 1241 half a knight's fee held by Ralph de Rual and Alexander de 
Rual was assigned to the dower of dame Margaret de Lascy. 8 



1626. Grant by Henry de Vernoil I to the house of the Temple of 
Jerusalem and to brother Robert de Pirou, then keeper of 
the house of Hirst, of 34 acres of land, the edifice of Randulf 
de Poterlagh, pasture for 100 sheep in the common pasture 
of Egborough, and the meadow lying between the river Aire 
and Shirefleet, to hold for i2d. yearly; for which brother 
Robert gave the donor 7 marks, and J mark to Henry 
Hatecrist to discharge the land from gage ; confirmation also 
by Alexander de Rohale, John de Rohale, and Roger de 
Rohale. 1175-1177. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 182. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Henricus de Vernolio 
dedi et concessi et confirmavi hac mea carta et hoc meo sigillo 
Deo et domui Templi Jerusalem et fratri Roberto de Pirou, 
qui tune habebat domum de Hirst, in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam, libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio, xxxiiii or 
acras terre et edificium Randulfi de Poterlage et pasturam ad 
centum oves in communi pastura ville de Egburc, et pratum 
meum quod jacet inter fluvium de Eir et Schireflet liberum, 
habendum et possidendum pro xii denariis reddendis in festum 
Sancti Martini. Et pro hac concessione predictus frater Robertus 
dedit mihi de caritate domus Templi vii marcas argenti et 
Henrico Hatecrist dimidiam marcam ad liberandum terram a 
vadimonio. Test[ibus], Bertranno priore de Pontefracto et toto 
conventu, Jordano Foliot, Ada filio Petri, Toma fratre ejus, 
Ottone de Tilli, Henrico de Waleis, Malgero de Stivetun, Wil- 
lelmo de Beleue, Sansone filio Hervi, Henrico filio Jordani 

1 Coucker of Selby, nos. 423-425. * op.cit., 378 note. 

3 Yorks. Fines, n. 118. * Assize R. 1039, m. 3. 

6 Close R., 1237-1242, p. 262. 



288 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Foliot, Jordano de Ledestun', et Alexandro et Johanne et Rogero 
de Ruhale, qui hec concesserunt et confirmaverunt. 

This and the following gifts to the Templars are not mentioned in the 
rental of the Templars' lands made in 1185. But it is there recorded that 
Adam son of Swane gave them 8 bovates in Kellington, and Henry de Lascy 
the church of that town, which John de Kelintune held in 1185, rendering 
nothing. 1 This series of charters must have been issued before 1177, when 
Henry de Lascy died during the operations in the Holy Land. 2 

Some account of the family of Vernoil will be found in the notes to a 
charter relating to the fee of Paynel. In 1235-36 Henry de Vernoil 3 held 
fee of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln. 

1627. Grant by Roger de Rohale to the brethren of the Temple of 
Salomon of land in Egborough, called Brodhold, 13^ acres in 
the ridding of Shirwood, and 2 acres in the field of Hirst ; 
for which the brethren gave him 4 marks of the charity of 
their house of the Temple. 1175-1177. 

From the original in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 187. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Rogerus de Rohale in Christo salutem. Sciatis quod ego, pro 
salute mea et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum, 
dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et Beate 
Marie et fratribus Templi Salomonis terram meam de Egburc 
que vocatur Brodhold, et tresdecim acras et dimidiam infra es- 
sartum de Sirewude, et duas acras in campo de Hirst ; habendas 
et tenendas de me et heredibus meis in liberam et puram ele- 
mosinam, solutas et quietas ab omni seculari servitio et consue- 
tudine. Has prenominatas terras debemus ego et heredes mei 
et successores contra omnes homines in perpetuum warantizare. 
Et pro hac concessione et [confirmatione] * dederunt mihi fratres 
quatuor marcas argenti de karitate domus sue Templi. Hiis 
testibus, Ada filio Petri, Thoma fratre suo, Alexandro de Rohale, 
Henrico de Vernoil, Helia de Hirst, Johanne et 5 Guill[elmo] 
hominibus meis, Guillelmo de Essex, Alano de Reines. 

1628. Grant by Roger de Rohale to Robert de Pirou and the 
brethren of the Temple of Salomon of Alan, his man, son 
of Jordan de Hirst. 1175-1177. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 



Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Rogerus de Ruhale salutem. Notum sit omnibus vobis 
me dedisse et concessisse et hac mea carta confirmasse Deo et 
Sancte Marie et in manibus fratris Roberti de Pirou et ceteris 

1 Man. Angl., vi, 831^. * Benedict, i, 159. 

* " Vernon " in error; Testa, 365. * blank in MS. 

"de"; MS. 



LASCY FEE : EGBOROUGH 289 

fratribus Templi Salomonis Alanum hominem meum, qui fuit 
filius Joilani de Hirst, in pura et perpetua elemosina liberum et 
quietum in perpetuum habendum. His testibus, Willelmo capel- 
lano de Kelingtun, Alexandro de Ruhale, Willelmo dispensario, 
Arengrimo, Rogero Ar (sic], Willelmo de Hirst, et multis aliis. 

1629. Confirmation by Henry de Lascy to the brethren of the 
Temple of Salomon of all the lands which brother Robert de 
Pirou acquired of the grantor's fee in Egborough of the 
tenure of Henry de Vernoil, Alexander de Rohale, John de 
Rohale, and Roger de Rohale. Issued at Easter time, when 
lord Henry (de Lascy) took his way to Jerusalem. 1177. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 

f. 



Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn presentibus quam 
futuris Henricus de Laci salutem. In notitiam vestram veniat 
me concessisse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo et Beate 
Marie et fratribus Templi Salomonis omnes terras illas quas 
frater Robertus de Pirou de feudo meo adquisivit in territorio 
de Edburc in pratis et sartis et terris arandis, scilicet de tenura 
Henrici de Vernul et Alexandri de Rohal' et Johannis de Rohal' 
et Rogeri de Rohal', habendas et tenendas in liberam et per- 
petuam elemosinam, sicud carte subscriptorum eis testantur. 
Hec autem carta facta est tempore Paschali quando iter Jerosoli- 
mitanum dominus Henricus arripuit. Hiis testibus, Roberto de 
Laci filio suo et herede, Ada de Reinervil seneschallo, Willelmo 
de Builli, Thoma filio Petri, Thoma de Reinervil'. 

1630. Grant by Henry de Vernoil II to the brethren of the hospital 
of St. Peter, York, of i bovate in Egborough with the toft 
and croft ; and confirmation of i bovate given by Agnes, his 
grandmother, of her dower, which lies everywhere in the fields 
of Egborough next to the bovate given by the donor ; with a 
further gift of a croft in the eastern part of the town, held by 
the widow Birleta, and i acre of land for a messuage in the 
said Birleta's croft adjoining the other. 1180-1190. 
Chartul. of St. Leonard's Hospital, York; Rawl. MS. B 455, f. 34. 

Notum sit omnibus qui viderint et audierint has literas quod 
ego Henricus de Vernuil 1 concessi et dedi in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam Deo et pauperibus hospitalis Beati Petri Eboracensis 
unam bovatam terre in Egdburg de mea propria donatione cum 
crofto et thofto, cum omnibus pertinentis suis, scilicet in bosco, 
prato, piano, in pastura, in aqua, et in omnibus aliis rebus. 
Hanc autem bovatam presenti carta mea predictis pauperibus 
confirmavi cum una bovata terre quam prenominatis pauperibus 
Agnes ava mea de sua dote in eadem villa prius in puram et 

1 "Vermin"; MS. 
Ill T 



290 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

perpetuam elemosinam dederit, que videlicet bovata Agnetis ave 
mee est proxima bovate ubique quam eis in Egeburg dederam. 
Has vero duas predictas bovatas prefati pauperes adeo libere 
et quiete preter preces in Domino de me et heredibus meis 
teneant sicut aliquam elemosinam eis collatam liberius et honori- 
ficentius apud se possident. Preter hec ad incrementum hujus 
prefate elemosine, scilicet ii bovatarum, dedi eisdem pauperibus 
in Egdburg totum croftum plenarie, in orientali parte ejusdem 
ville situm, quod videlicet tenebat quedam vidua nomine Birlet, 
et hoc hac carta mea ad opus illor.um pauperum in puram et 
liberam et quietam elemosinam, exceptis precibus in Christo, 
confirmavi ; de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum tenendum. 
Post hec autem in prenominata villa dedi supramemoratis pauperi- 
bus cum omni libertate elemosine i. acram terre de alio crofto 
predicte Birlet, in occidentali latere ipsius crofti, ad faciendum 
ibi mansuagium ; que scilicet acra priori crofto apud orientem 
adjacere debet ; et hanc acram hac carta pauperibus cum omnibus 
predictis elemosinis confirmavi. Hii sunt testes : Radulfus pres- 
biter de Birfkin], 1 Willelmus de Hadhewic, Simon de Lund, 
Hugo Spincer, Willelmus de Rippel[eia], Willelmus de Chelmef, 
Robertus Piof et Rogerus filius ejus et heres, Ricardus Mala- 
herba, Uctredus Mala-herba, Martinus Mala-herba, Unfredus 
de Ruhal, Rogerus et Henricus filii ejus, Johannes de Chelmof, 
Johannes filius Ricardi, Alexander de Ruhal, Adam de Witelay, 
Willelmus Granumordei, Rogerus frater ejus, Willelmus de 
Edneshal, Petrus et Ricardus fratres ejus, Radulfus coquus de 
Kipasc'. 

1631. Grant by Henry, son of Henry de Vernoil, to the nuns of 
Appleton of 20 acres of land lying together in Wichinglund, 
in the fields of Egborough, and 2 acres elsewhere in the same 
fields, namely those which the sisters have sown in the first 
year, and pasture for 300 sheep, 30 beasts, 30 swine and 
30 goats; to hold in alms for ^d. yearly rent. ^.1175-1189. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. 
viii, f. 161. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris 
quam presentibus quod ego Henricus filius Henrici de Vernoil 
dedi et concessi Deo et Sancte Marie et Sancto Johanni et 
sanctimonialibus de Apeltun xx acras terre simul in campis de 
Egburg 2 in loco qui vocatur Wichiglund 3 et duas acras alibi 
in eisdem campis, illas scilicet quas sorores primo anno semina- 
verunt, et pasturam trescentarum ovium et xxx animalium et xxx 
porcorum et xxx caprarum et communam cum hominibus ubique 
in viis et semitis et bosco et piano et aquis et in omnibus que 

1 mutilated. * "Edburg"; X. Cart., 143/5. 

* " Wikinglund " ; ib. 



LASCY FEE: EGBOROUGH, KELLINGTON 29! 

ad eandem villam prefatam pertinent. Hanc elemosinam illis 
warantizabo contra omnes homines. Istam elemosinam prenomi- 
natam concessi et dedi in puram et perpetuam elemosinam solu- 
tam, liberam et quietam et immunem ab omnibus geldis et auxiliis 
et consuetudinibus et exactionibus et ab omni seculari servitio 
preter iiii or denarios annuatim in die Pentechostes. His testibus, 
magistro Suano hospitalis, Arnoldo Sotowain, Simone de Sigillo, 
Nicholao de Traili, Willielmo filio Tosti, Alano canonico, Suano 
decano, Jordano Painel, Normanno capellano, Galfrido, Osberto 
Duchet, Roberto Walais, Pagano presbitero, Henrico canonico, 
Radulfo scriptore, Ricardo diacono, Radulfo de Insula, Johanne 
clerico, Ricardo Vernoil, Reginaldo filio Lancelini, Willelmo 
clerico fratre Benedicti, et multis aliis. 

This gift was confirmed by Henry II, and by John, on 12 March, 1206, 
almost word for word from " xx acras" to " in die Pentecostes solvendos." 1 

1632. Grant by Henry de Vernoil II to Gilbert de Lascy and the 
monks of Pontefract, whom Gilbert made his heirs of this 
tenement, of 2 acres of meadow in the intakes of Kellington, 
to hold for 2d. yearly. 1185-1210. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 45^. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 231. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Henricus de Vernoil 
concessi, dedi et hac present! carta mea confirmavi duas acras 
prati in avenams de Kellingtona Gilleberto de Lascy et monachis 
de Pontefracto, quos ex concessione mea predictus Gilbertus fecit 
heredes de hoc tenemento ; tenendas de me et de heredibus meis 
in feudo et hereditate, libere et quiete ab omni servitio et consue- 
tudine pro duobus denariis mihi et heredibus meis annuatim in 
festo Sancti Martini reddendis. Et ego et heredes mei warentiza- 
bimus predictis Gilberto et monachis prefatam terram contra 
omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Adam de Reinevilla, Thoma filio 
suo, Ivone de Lungwilers, Willelmo fratre suo, Umfrido de 
Vili, Willelmo de We[n]revilla, Burnello, Alexandro et Rogero 
de Rugala, Willelmo de Prestuna, et aliis. 

Some years later the donor released the rent of 2d. due from the monks 
for this tenement. 2 In 1202 Henry de Verneil acknowledged by fine that a 
messuage in Kellington was the right of Thomas, son of John (de Kelling- 
ton). 3 In 1208 Jordan Foliot released by fine to Matilda, then the wife of 
Henry de Vernoil, and to Jordan de Reinevill, her son, his right in 36 acres 
of land in Ramesholme (in Kellington), after an assize of mort (f ancestor 
had been summoned between the parties. 4 

The parsons of the church of Kellington were in the I2th century 
styled " dean." John the dean 6 held the church whilst Gilbert was abbot of 
Selby (1160-1184). He was father of Thomas de Kellington, whose son, 

1 R. Cart, 143^. * loc. fit., n. 232. 

3 Yorks. Fines, n. 30. See also n. 37. 4 ib. t n. 371. 

8 For his identity see n. 1625. 



2Q2 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

master Alexander de Kelington, was parson after 1202. l In that year a 
dispute between the Templars and the convent of Selby, as respective 
owners of the churches of Kellington and Snaith, about tithes of Whitley, 
was settled ; a moiety of the tithes being assigned to each party ; the 
parishioners of Whitley being required to attend yearly at the church of 
Snaith at Christmas, the Purification, and Whitsunday. The division of 
the tithes was to be effected by each church taking the whole tithe in alter- 
nate years. The land belonging to the chapel of Whitley was to be divided 
between the two churches, as was also any land thereafter given to it ; 
the church of Kellington to minister to the chapel of Whitley and to the 
parishioners, and to pay 4J. yearly to the church of Snaith. 8 

1 633. Grant by Robert son of William de Stapleton to the monks of 
25. Pontefract of the bovate which Leising held in the time of 
his grandfather in Stapleton, seisin being given personally by 
the donor by the latch of the house; any deficiency of 22 
acres in the bovate to be made good ; grant also of pasture 
for 100 sheep. 1160-1170. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 44^. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 222. 

In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti. Amen. Notum 
sit omnibus legentibus et audientibus has litteras quod ego 
Robertus de Stapiltona, films Willelmi de Stapiltona, donavi 
et concessi Deo et Sancto Johanni de Pontefracto et monachis 
ejusdem loci in puram et perpetuam elemosinam et liberam et 
solutam et quietam ab omni terrena et laicali consuetudine 
et ab omni humano servitio in perpetuum, illam bovatam terre 
quam tenuit Leisincus tempore avi mei in Stapiltona, et de 
eadem bovata saisivi et corporaliter induxi monasterium tra- 
dendo Hugoni monacho, secretario, domum per seram et ostium, 
et mansum et omnia ad mansum pertinentia, et ipse Hugo 
recepit earn seisinam nomine monasterii Sancti Johannis et totius 
conventus. Et si in ea bovata sunt xx et due acre vel amplius, 
ita habebit et tenebit monasterium nomine bovate ; si autem 
minus sit, ego Robertus debeo supplere. Nomine etiam ejus- 
dem bovate predictum monasterium et monachi ex mea con- 
cessione et donatione debent habere in paschuis centum oves, et 
uti debent monachi et illi qui tenebunt de monachis pascuis, 
viis, semitis in eundo et redeundo, ibidem remanendo, [et] omni 
jure ejusdem ville cum pecunia sua, sicuti illi qui tenent predictam 
bovatam, in liberam et puram elemosinam in perpetuum. Hujus 
rei testes sunt : Adam sacerdos, Radulfus capellanus Omnium 
Sanctorum, Ricardus Bagoth, Ricardus Cardinalis, Moyses de 
Hoderode, Herveus clericus, Serlo films Orled, Benedictus filius 
Forni et Johannes frater ejus, Hugo filius Serli, Willelmus filius 
Hosegot, Adam filius Ulfi, Adam filius Ailberni et frater suus, 
Jordanus filius Roberti fratris Edwini et Alexander nepos suus, 

1 Chartul. of Selby, n. 925. Thomas dc Kelington gave 2Os. in 1200 to have an 
inquiry ; Pipe R., 2 John. Chartul. of Selby, loc. cit. 



LASCY FEE : STAPLETON, PONTEFRACT 293 

Robertas filius Herberti filii Stanuphini, Jordanus de Ledestuna 
et fratres ejus Rainaldus, Rogerus et Walterus, Adam filius 
Leising, Robertas filius Willelmi de Ledestuna, Thomas et Wil- 
lelmus fratres ejus. Omnes isti petitione mea testes sunt hujus 
rei. Insuper hoc meum sigillum est testimonium istius carte. 

At the Survey " Gilbert " held Stapleton and Thorpe Stapleton of Ilbert 
de Lascy. He can be identified as Gilbert son of Dama, who gave 2 thraves 
of the tithe of his demesne in Stapleton before iioo to the chapel of St. 
Clement, Pontefract. 1 Hugh son of Gilbert attested charters of Hugh de 
Laval and William Maltravers, and, with his son William, an ordination made 
1139-1141 by archbishop Thurstan touching the church of Darrington. 2 It 
is extremely improbable that, as Mr. Holmes has stated, 3 Robert de Swilling- 
ton was son of this Hugh de Stapleton. William de Stapleton succeeded 
his father soon after 1 140 and died before 1155, leaving issue, Robert, Hugh 
and Richard. It is not improbable that his wife was a Foliot and that he 
obtained with her in marriage lands in Cudworth, where Robert his son gave 
land to Monkbretton before 1 186, and also to the canons of Nostell. Robert 
married Claricia, daughter of Adam de Raineville. In 1166 he held 2 
knights' fees of Henry de Lascy, 4 and in 1179 he proffered 20 marks for a 
recognition against Ralph de Mungay, 5 who was probably a tenant of the 
honor of Pontefract and derived his name from a place in the fields of Pon- 
tefract called " Munjoie." 6 Robert died before 1202, in which year William 
his son recovered by an assize of mort d* ancestor against Agnes, daughter 
of William de Torp, 6 bovates in Thorpe Stapleton (" Meretorp"). 7 In 
1213 William de Stapleton was one of 20 knights of the honor of Pontefract 
who were sureties for the fine made by John, constable of Chester, upon 
succession to his barony. 8 He was a benefactor to the monks of Kirkstall. 9 
He had lands in Saddleworth, 10 and died about 1220. Robert his son held 
in 1235-36 of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, 2 fees less a fifth part. 11 In 
1255 he had a grant of free warren in his lands in Stapleton, Thorpe (Staple- 
ton) and Cudworth. 12 

1634. Grant by Robert de Stapleton to the monks of Pontefract of 
3 tofts in Pontefract, one being in Southgate between land of 
Adam de Rainevill and William de Federstan, in exchange for 
3 bovates in Osmondthorpe which the grantor previously 
gave them in exchange for land in Armley ; confirmation 
also of i bovate in Byram given by William son of Hervey ; 
the monks to make an anniversary for his father and grand- 
father. 1165-1175. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 27. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 96. 

Notum sit omnibus presentibus et futuris quod ego Robertus 
de Stapiltona concessi et donavi et hac presenti carta mea con- 



1 Man. AngL, v, 

* Chart ill. of Pontefract, n. 40. Cf. Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R., 387. 
3 Chartul. of P., p. xlvi. * Red Bk., 423. 

5 Pipe R., 25 Hen. II, 22. Chartul. of P., n. 12 r. 

7 Yorks. Fines, n. 190. 

8 R. de Fin., 493-94. Henry de Mungai is described as brother of Hugh de 
Stapleton ; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 149^. 

Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 221. 10 Coucherof Whalley, 146-48. 
11 Testa, 364-5. " Cal. of Chart. R., i, 433- 



294 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

firmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus toftum Willelmi Ruffi in Pontefracto 
cum homanagio suo et heredum suorum, salvo tenement ejusdem ; 
et alium toftum qui est in Suthgata in Pontefracto, inter terram 
Ade de Rainevilla et Willelmi de Federstana, pro salute anime 
mee et patris mei et avi mei et avie mee et omnium parentum 
meorum, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam et liberam ab omni 
exactione de me et de heredibus meis in excambio pro tribus 
bovatis terre in Osmundthorp quas prius dederam eis in ex- 
cambio terre de Armeslie quam prius habuerunt ex concessione 
et donatione mea. Preterea dedi predictis monachis unum toftum 
in Pontefracto super vivarium, unde facient procurationem ad 
anniversarium antecessorum meorum ; et confirmo eis in Birum 
de feudo meo unam bovatam terre ex donatione Willelmi filii 
Hervei. Ipsi vero monachi facient annuatim anniversarium pro 
patre meo et avo et ceteris parentibus meis. Has tenuras 
warentizabimus ego et heredes mei contra omnes homines. 
Hujus rei testes sunt: Rainerus clericus de Derfeld, Willelmus 
films Hervei, Petrus de Toflestun et Ricardus et Alanus fratres 
sui, Herbertus de Archis de Cunigestuna, Willelmus films Morker, 
Walterus de Tolosa, Ricardus de Stapiltona et Hugo frater ejus, 
Walterus filius Hugonis, Ricardus de Archis, Jordanus de Ledes- 
tuna, Rogerius de Ledestuna. 

After this exchange Robert de Stapleton gave the town of Osmond- 
thorpe, in Halton, to the Templars. 1 Before 1185 Peter de Osmundestorp 
gave 30 acres of land there to the Templars, which William de Osmundes- 
torp held of them for 2s. yearly. 2 

1635. Grant by Robert son of William son of Hugh de Stapleton 
to the monks of Pontefract of the chapel of Stapleton with 
4 bovates of his demesne there and the messuage near his 
manor-house, for which the monks will find a chaplain to 
celebrate in that chapel. Spurious. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 440?. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 223. 

Notum sit omnibus hanc cartam legentibus vel audientibus 
quod ego Robertus filius Willelmi filii Hugonis de Stapeltona, 
pro salute anime mee et omnium antecessorum et heredum 
meorum, dedi, concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Deo et Sancto Johanni Apostolo et Ewangeliste de Pontefracto 
et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus capellam de Stapeltona 
cum omnibus ad dictam capellam pertinentibus, et quatuor bovatas 
terre in territorio de Stapeltona de dominico meo solutas et 
quietas ab omni terrena et laicali consuetudine et ab omni 
humano servitio in perpetuum, et totum illud mesuagium quod 
jacet juxta manerium meum in eadem villa versus suth, cum 

1 Man. Angl., vi, 838. 2 ib., 830*. 



LASCY FEE : STAPLETON, CUDWORTH 295 

omnibus pertinentiis suis et cum omnibus libertatibus, liberis 
consuetudinibus et asiamentis ad predictas iiij bovatas terre et 
ad predictum mesuagium infra villam et extra pertinentibus ; 
tenendas et habendas prefatis monachis cum omnibus liber- 
tatibus, asiamentis et pertinentiis meis, in liberam, puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, ita libere sicut aliqua elemosina melius 
et liberius poterit teneri et haberi, sine aliquo gravamine, molestia 
vel contradictione mei vel heredum meorum in perpetuum. Pro 
terra autem ista tenentur predicti monachi invenire mihi et 
heredibus meis unum capellanum in supradicta capella cele- 
brantem. Et ego prenominatus Robertus filius Willelmi filii 
Hugonis et heredes mei predictas iiij bovatas terre cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis et predictum mesuagium cum omnibus pertinen- 
tiis suis plenarie et integre prefatis monachis contra omnes 
homines in perpetuum warentizabimus et ab omni humano ser- 
vitio adquietabimus et defendemus. Et ut hec mea donatio, 
concessio et confirmatio perpetue firmitatis robur optineat, hanc 
cartam sigillo meo sigillatam predictis monachis dedi in testi- 
monium. Hiis testibus, domino Henrico de Lascy, Swano capel- 
lano, Ricardo Bagoth, Moyse de Hoderode, Herberto filio 
Stanuphi, Willelmo filio Hosegoth, Benedicto filio Forni et 
multis aliis. 

This charter, in its existing form in the chartulary, is probably spurious. 
As Mr. Holmes states, it is a late marginal addition to the MS. The 
reputed donor's grandson, Robert son of William son of Robert de Staple- 
ton, confirmed the gift of his grandfather in terms similar to those used in 
the above spurious charter. From a perusal of this confirmation it is 
obvious that a I5th century monk amused himself by inserting this clumsy 
imitation. To the confirmation Mr. Holmes has ascribed the extraordinary 
date "Cir. 1180" ! It is circa 1250. 

Moses de Hoderod is said to have married Alice, daughter of Richard 
Bagot, and by her to have had a son Richard. 1 Richard was father of 
" John son of Richard, parson of Hoderode," i.e. Felkirk, who quit-claimed 
to the men of the monks of Bretton, dwelling in Fasham, common of 
pasture in Shafton. 2 A charter of John son of Adam de Birkin, confirming 
his father's gift of 10 acres of meadow in Smithall in Birkin to the nuns of 
Hampole, was attested by Moises de Hoderode, Richard his son parson of 
Hoderode, Hugh de Stapeltun, Henry de Mungai his brother, John Tyrel 
parson of Rorestun and 6 others. 3 Moses de Hoderode had another son 
named Peter. 4 

1636. Grant by Richard de Stubley, son of Dolfin de Birstall, to 
Henry de Selfley of half a carucate of land in Cudworth. 

From the original, formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; " Bundello de 
Rupe " ; Dodsw. MS. xcv, f. "jgd. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus de Stubeleia 
filius Dolfini de Birstale dedi etc. Henrico de Selfleya et heredi- 
bus suis dimidiam carucatam terre in Cuthewrde, cum omnibus 

1 Dodsw. MS. cxvii, f. 8. 2 Hunter, 5". Yorks., ii, 410. 

3 Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 149^. * ib. t 2430?. 



296 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

pertinentiis etc. Hiis testibus, Johanne de Birkin, Roberto de 
Chevet tune senescallo Johannis de Laci, Rogero de Birchin, 
Henrico de Tancherisleya, Roberto de Denebi, Willelmo de Sot- 
hill, Thoma de Hedne, Johanne de Popeleya, Matheo de Turstane- 
land, Roberto de Birton, Roberto de Stordes, Hugone filio 
Willelmi, etc. 

1637. Grant by Robert son of Hugh (de Swillington) to the monks of 
Pontefract of 55. of rent yearly from his mill between Swilling- 
ton and Garforth, for the provision of the monks to make 
an anniversary for the donor's father and mother during his 
life, and for himself after his death. 1 180-1190. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. tfld. Pd. in Charlul. of Pontefr., 
n. 207. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus filius Hugonis 
dedi et concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi Deo et Sancto 
Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, pro animabus patris et matris mee et pro anima 
-mea et uxoris mee et fratrurn meorum et sororum et omnium 
antecessorum meorum, quinque solidos redditus in molendino 
meo inter Swinlingtune et Gereford. Hujus redditus medietas 
reddetur in festo Sancti Martini et altera in Pentecoste. Monachi 
vero cum consuetis missarum et aliorum ordinum celebrationibus 
anniversarium patris et matris mee facient, et ipso die procurentur 
his quinque solidis quamdiu ego vixero. Post obitum vero meum 
revertetur procuratio ista ad anniversarium meum faciendum. 
Predicti vero monachi receperunt me in plenam fraternitatem 
suam et in fine concesserunt mihi monachatum. Testibus, 
Rainerio le Flameng, Rainerio clerico de Derfeld et Radulfo 
fratre suo, Ricardo de Stapiltona, Ricardo de Stagno, Hugone 
filio Noil, Thoma filio Nigelli, Jordano de Ledestona, Johanne 
filio Ade, Johanne filio Geri, Thoma nepote episcopi, Gilberto 
de Lasci, Willelmo filio Willelmi pistoris. 

This gift was confirmed by Hugh, son of Robert de Swinlington, as his 
father's gift, 1 and later, between 1200 and 1230, by William son of Hugh de 
Swinlington, as his grandfather's gift. 2 William de Swillington died before 
1240, when William de Byrun claimed against Robert de Stapelton the 
custody of the land and heir of the said William. Robert then released to 
Byrun the custody of 2 carucates in Birle (North Bierley) which William 
de Swynlington held of Byrun by knight's service, and Byrun granted to 
Robert the said custody until the heir was of age. 3 

Robert son of Hugh, the grantor, is stated by Mr. Holmes to have been 
son of Hugh de Stapleton, living temp. Henry I. This is very improbable. 
The reference to William son of Hugh as seeking the establishment of 
his right to the land of "Sulinga," i.e. Swillington, in 1130, already cited,* 
suggests that, if the two- families sprang from one stock, the severance 
occurred near the beginning of the I2th century. 

1 Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 208. * ib., n. 209. 

1 Feet of F., 32, n. 63. * Chartul. of Pontefr., Introd., p. xlvi. 



LASCY FEE: SWILLINGTON 297 

Reiner le Fleming occurs as early as 1166, and is named in the Sheriff's 
rolls for 1 1 80 and 1205. 

1638. Grant by Richard son of Swane to William son of Hervey (de 

Flockton) of the meadow of Wixstal-kerr in the town of 
Swillington, for 6d. yearly rent ; in default of warranty the donor 
will give, him an exchange in his demesne meadow. For this 
the said William gave 2os. for acknowledgment. 1170-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 46. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 238. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus films Suani dedi 
et concessi et presentis carte testimonio confirmavi Willelmo filio 
Hervey pratum de Wixstal-ker in villa de Swinlingtona, sibi et 
heredibus suis tenendum de me et heredibus meis in feudo et 
hereditate ; reddendo inde mihi annuatim sex denarios, scilicet ad 
festum Sancti Martini. Et si forte accidit quod ego Ricardus 
films Swani predictum pratum de Wixstal-ker predicto Willelmo 
filio Hervei warentizare non potero antequam predictus Willelmus 
filius Hervei inde dissaisiatur, excambium ad valenciam dabo 
illi de meo prato dominico in eadem villa de Swinlingtona. Et 
pro hujus prati donatione predictus Willelmus filius Hervei dedit 
mihi xx li solidos pro recognitione. Testibus istis, Ottone de Tilli, 
Roberto de Stapiltona, Reinerio Flemeng, Hereberto de Archis, 
Roberto filio Hugonis, 1 Petro [de] Toulestona, Henrico Picot, 
Reinerio clerico de Derfeld, Adam filio Ormi, Willelmo de Prestona, 
Umfrido de Villi, Henrico filio Dolfin, Alano de Smithetona, 
Radulfo filio Nicholai, Waltero filio Hugonis, Morando de 
Kirkeby, Willelmo filio Geroldi, Willelmo de Hoctona, Henrico 
filio Thome, Alano de Toulistona et multis aliis. 

Before the issue of the next charter it appears that William son of 
Hervey was dead, and his brother, Adam de Birum, was his heir to this 
tenement. 

1639. Release by Richard son of Swane to the monks of Pontefract 
of a rent of 6d. which they used to render to Adam de 
Byrum, and he used to render to the grantor for the meadow 
of Wixstal-kerr ; and consent of the said Adam to this 
release. 1175-1185. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 45. Pd. in Chartul. of Pontefr., 
n. 228. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Ricardus filius Swani 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac mea carta 
confirmasse Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto 
redditum sex denariorum, quem prefati monachi solebant reddere 
Ade de Byrum et quem prefatus Adam solebat reddere mihi 
annuatim pro prato de Wixstal-ker, in purarn et perpetuam 
elemosinam, et eisdem monachis predictum redditum quietum 

1 De Swillington. 



298 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

clamavi, ita quod ego et heredes mei prefatam elemosinam, scilicet 
redditum prefatorum sex denariorum, prefatis monachis warentiza- 
bimus contra omnes homines sicut puram et perpetuam elemosinam. 
Et hanc quietam clamationem feci prefatis monachis consilio et 
consensu predicti Ade de Birum, quem etiam quietum clamavi de 
predicto redditu ; et idem Adam de Birum consilio meo et 
consensu sepedictos monachos de predicto redditu in perpetuum 
quietos clamavit. Hiis testibus, Benedict sacerdote de Ponte- 
fracto ; Johanne clerico de Kellingtona, Henrico clerico et Moyse 
fratribus suis ; Adam filio Petri de Birkine et Roberto filio suo, 
Adam de Prestuna, Waltero filio Hugonis, Petro de Toulestona 
et Ricardo fratre suo, Ricardo de Luttringtona, Roberto Walensi, 
Willelmo de Reinevilla, Roberto de Stapiltona et Hugone fratre 
suo, Roberto de Fetherstana, Ottone de Stubbis et Roberto 
fratre suo, Adam de Byrum et aliis. 

1640. Grant by Thomas Campion to the monks of Pontefract of 

i acre and ^ rood of land in Swillington, and i rood at 
Milneclif. 1177-1193. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 54. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
fract, n. 297. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Thomas Campio salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse, dedisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse 
Deo et Sancto Johanni et monachis de Pontefracto ibidem Deo 
servientibus, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, unam acram 
terre et medietatem unius rode in Swinlingtona quas Henricus 
Kibus tenuit et unam rodam et dimidiam ad Milneclif et aliam 
rodam et dimidiam ante ostium Matildis Painel, sicut pura elemosina 
melius et liberius potest dari. Et ego et heredes mei de omnibus 
servitiis secularibus adquietabimus et warentizabimus predictam 
terram prefatis monachis de Pontefracto erga dominum regem et 
erga dominos meos et erga omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Ivone 1 
tune senescallo domini Roberti de Lasci, Thoma filio Petri, Petro 
de Ardingtona, Willelmo filio Everardi, Johanne^eTCellingtona 
tune decano de Pontefracto, Thoma et Adam filiis suis, Moyse fratre 
predicti Johannis, Symone de Rughal, Ada de Birum, Ricardo de 
Suttona, Radulfo fratre Baldewini de Bramhop et aliis. 

1641. Grant by William Fitz-Aldelin, the king's seneschal, to Durand 
8 26. son of Drew, his Serjeant, of land in Went and 5 bovates in 

Thorpe (Audlin) with other lands and acquittance of multure 
at the mills of Thorpe (?), for 10 marks paid to the grantor 
for his journey to Jerusalem. 1190. 

Chartul. of Bolton Priory, f. 162, in the possession of William Ingleby of 
Ripley, esq., in 1634; Dodsw. MS. cxliv, f. 53. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Aldelini, 
seneschaldus domini regis, dedi et concessi et hac presenti cafta 

1 " De Lungvilers." 



LASCY FEE: SWILLINGTON, THORPE AUDLIN 299 

mea confirmavi Durando filio Dreu, servienti meo, totam terram 
meam cum omnibus pertinentiis quam habui ad pontem de Wente 
cum hominibus ibidem manentibus ; et tres bovatas in campis de 
Torpe cum pertinentiis, scilicet illam bovatam quam Robertus 
films Willelmi tenuit de me ad portam Thome et duas bovatas 
terre de dominico meo quas Thomas filius Anketini tenuit de me ; 
et tres acras terre cum messuagio de emptione mea quas tenui 
de hospitali de Jerusalem de feodo de Smithetuna. Et preterea 
ilia concessi prefato Durando propriam domum suam quietam de 
multura in molendinis meis de Thorpe, 1 pro homagio suo et 
servitio et propter 10 marcas quas prefatus Durandus dedit mihi 
ad iter meum de Jerusalem. Et omnia ista tenementa tenebit 
prefatus Durandus de me et heredibus meis sibi et heredibus 
suis in feodo et hereditate libere et quiete et honorifice in pratis 
qt pascuis et semitis, in viis et in aliis omnibus libertatibus et 
aisiamentis, reddendo mihi et heredibus meis per annum xii 
denarios, scilicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis, pro omnibus ser- 
vitiis. Et ego Willelmus filius Adelini et heredes mei omnia ista 
tenementa et libertates prefato Durando filio Dreu et heredibus 
suis contra omnes homines warantizabimus. Hiis testibus, 
Radulfo filio meo, Waltero Alemanno, Johanne fratre suo, Willel- 
mo filio Radulfi, Othone de Tilli, Radulfo fratre suo, Hugo[ne] 
de Pouelington, Nicholao persona de Tykehill, Ivone clerico, 
Henrico de Sancto Paulo, Johanne Sturmino, Galfrido de Schilde- 
wyke, et multis aliis. 

Dodsworth also preserves a breviate of another grant by William Fitz- 
Audlin to the same Drew, as follows : a 

Willelmus filius Aldelini dedit Durando filio Drogonis servienti 
suo et heredibus suis totam terram quam habuit ad pontem de 
Wente, excepta ilia terra quam Ricardus Geste tenet, et in villa de 
Torp illam bovatam terre que fuit Roberti filii Willelmi, etc. Hii 
sunt testes, Eudo de Lungvilers et Willelmus frater ejus, Alanus 
de Lungvilers, Adam de Rainevill et Thomas filius ejus, Robertus 
Walensis et Radulfus filius ejus, Ricardus, Willelmus filius Helie, 
Rann[ulf]us frater ejus, Ricardus de Hodelestona, Hugo de Stive- 
tona, Henricus de Scalebroke, Johannes de Rie et Gilbertus frater 
ejus, Alanus Noel, Willelmus Grave, Willelmus de Pouelintona, 
Robertus de Grimestona et Radulfus frater ejus, Galfridus de 
Scorchbofe, Willelmus de Somervilla, Osbertus de Breton. 

Of the witnesses of the first charter " Radulfo filio meo " may be a mis- 
reading for " Radulfo fratre meo," the donor's brother, Ralph de Aldefeld, 
and William son of Ralph may be the said Ralph's son and heir apparent. 
The date of the second charter may be a few years later than the first ; but 
Geoffrey Scorchebeof was dead in I2O4- 3 

Some account of William Fitz-Aldelin, the chamberlain of Henry II, will 
be found in the Yorkshire Archceological Journal, xiii, 139, note by the late 

1 "Thome"; MS. 

2 Chartul. of Bolton, f. 162. The names of 6 of the witnesses are given in the 
ablative case. 

3 Abbrev. Platit., 69. 



300 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



Mr. Holmes; in Feudal England, 516-18, by Mr. Round; in the 
English Historical Review, xxii, 730, by the Rev. James Wilson ; in the 
Dictionary of National Biography, 1st edition, xix, 103, by Professor Tout ; 
and in Brit. Mus. Facsimiles of Charters, n. 75. William Fitz-Aldelin first 
comes into view during the period 1135-1142 as a witness of Ilbert de 
Lascy's charter confirming the feoffment of Robert de Lascy to Ralph le 
Rous of Great Mitton, co. York. 1 He held a knight's fee in 1166 of Henry 
de Lascy. 2 In April, 1172, Henry II left him in Ireland in charge of Wex- 
ford, 3 and in 1 176 he was governor of Ireland in succession to earl Richard.* 
His first wife was Juliana, daughter of Robert Dorsnell, whom he obtained 
before Ii66. 6 Her gift of Little Maplestead, co. Essex, to the Templars 
was made before 1186, when her husband confirmed it. 6 He held Bossing- 
ton in Hampshire in 1185 in her right. 7 He also held Kirkby Hill, co. 
York, in 1185." He had apparently resisted an attempt by Herbert Fitz- 
Richard, possibly one of the heirs-at-law of Hugh de Rampour, to obtain 
possession of this manor, as early as 1175.' Possibly he obtained it after 
Mowbray's rebellion. After Juliana's death William Fitz-Audlin married 
Eustachia de Curtenai. He was dead in 1199, when William de Werbinton 
and Ingram de Munceaux made fine to have the inheritance late of Juliana, 
wife of William Fitz-Aldelin, they being her heirs. 10 Before 1201 Eustachia 
had married Luke Fitz-John, 11 whose lands in Teignweek and Woburneford, 
co. Devon, and Wallington, co. Surrey, were in the king's hands in 1204 after 
the separation of Normandy from England ; but by writs to the sheriffs of 
Devon, Surrey and Yorkshire were restored to her. 12 John de Curtenai 
succeeded to Thorpe Audlin, Kirkby Hill and lands in Temple Hurst and 
East Hurst after Eustachia's death circa i23o. 13 He held half a knight's fee 
in 1235-36 of the fee of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln. 14 

1642. Grant by Durand son of Drew to the canons of Bolton, for 
the health of the soul of Agnes his wife, of land at Went 
Bridge in the fee of Thorpe (Audlin) and a bovate in Thorpe 
(Audlin). 1190-^.1210. 

Chartul. of Bolton Priory, in the possession of William Ingleby of Ripley in 
1634 ; Dodsw. MS. cxliv, f. 53^. 

Sciant qui sunt et qui venturi sunt quod ego Durandus films 
Drogonis dedi, concessi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo et Beate 
Marie de Boultona et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro 
salute anime mee et Agnetis uxoris mee et dominorum meorum, 
totam terram meam in ponte de Wenet in feudo de Thorp, excepto 
uno tofto, et in villa de Thorp unam bovatam terre cum pertinen- 
tiis suis et communem pasturam de Thorp. Has omnes terras, 
quas scilicet dominus meus Willelmus filius Aldelini dedi[t] mihi 
pro servitio meo, sicut carta ejus mihi testatur, dedi prefatis 
canonicis de Boultona in perpetuam elemosinam, salvo servitio 
doniini mei, scilicet xii d. ei et heredibus suis annuatim ad festum 

1 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R., 388. a Red Bk., 423. 

* Giraldus Cambrensis, v, 286. * Round, Feudal En gl., 517. 

6 Red Bk., 209. Morant, Hist, of Essex, ii, 282. 

7 Pipe R., 32 Hen. II, 208. * ib., 31 Hen. II, 63. 

ib., 21 Hen. II, 180. 10 R. de Oblat., 19, 310. 

11 R. de Liberate, 19. 

11 R. de Fin., 212, 293 ; R. Lift. Claus., \, 5/J et passim. 
13 Cf. Man. Angl., vi, 841^ ; Yorks. Arch. Jour., x, 283. 
" Testa, 365. 



LASCY FEE: THORPE AUDLIN, ROGERTHORPE 30 1 

Sancti Michaelis pro omni servitio excepto forinsi reddendis. 
Hiis testibus, Willelmo de Ria, Willelmo de Sumeruilla, Ricardo 
de Hudelestona, Osberto de Brettona, Willelmo de Rievill, Wil- 
lelmo de Stivetona, Reinero fratre ejus, Alexandra de Wichetona, 
Willelmo filio Gilberti, Rogero l de Wrangebroke. 

Roger de Wrangebroc gave to the monks of Kirkstall land in Seacroft 
which Robert de Lascy confirmed. 2 William de Rivill recovered land in 
Scarthingwell in 1202. s 

1643. Notitia of a release by Anketill, prior of Nostell, and the 
convent to Robert de Lascy of their claim to the town of 
Rogerthorpe (?) and acquittance of 3 marks, which Robert 
and his father used to pay yearly to them. 1177-1193. 

D. of Lane., Miscellanea, b'dle I, n. 36, m. 2. 

Scriptum Anketelli prioris et conventus Sancti Osewaldi per 
quod quietam clamaverunt predicto Roberto [de Lascy] et heredi- 
bus suis calumpniam quam habuerunt erga eum de villa de Thorp 
et tres marcas argenti similiter quiete quas pater predicti Roberti 
et ipse solebant dictis priori et conventui annuatim reddere. 

Hugh de Laval gave Rogerthorpe, in Thorpe Audlin, to the canons of 
Nostell, 4 who granted it at fee farm to the lords of Pontefract, at a rent of 
3 marks. By this release the convent surrendered the town or hamlet to 
Robert de Lascy. It had no connexion with the manor of Thorpe Audlin. 

1 644. Demise to farm by Roger son of Alan de Folifay t and Alice 
his wife to Adam de Lengesby (Slingsby), of a 3rd part of 
a bovate and a 3rd part of a toft in Rogerthorpe, namely of 
the bovate which Roger son of Ralph held, to hold for life 
for ^s. $\d. yearly, and forinsec service. 1195-1215. 

D. of Lane., Anct. D., L. 1054. 

Notum sit universis presens scriptum visuris vel audituris 
quod Rogerus films Alani de Folifayt et Alicia uxor sua con- 
cesserunt et dimiserunt ad firmam Adam de Lengesby tertiam 
partem unius tofti cum tertia parte unius bovate terre in territorio 
de Rogerthorp ; illius videlicet bovate terre quam Rogerus filius 
Radulfi tenuit ; cum omnibus pertinentiis, libertatibus, et aysia- 
mentis predicte parti tofti et terre pertinentibus infra territorium 
de Rogerthorp et extra ; habendum et tenendum dicto Adam 
usque ad finem vite sue, reddendo inde annuatim predictis Rogero 
et Alicie uxori sue et heredibus suis quatuor solidos et v. denarios 
et obolum ad duos anni terminos, medietatem scilicet ad Pente- 
costen et aliam medietatem ad festum Sancti Martini in yeme, 
pro omnimodis servitiis, exactionibus, et demandis, exceptis 
forinseco servitio domini regis et scutagio quando accident 

1 First written " Rodebon," then altered to " Rodtbo " in MS. 

* Coucher of Kirkstall, p. 52. * Yorks. Fines, n. 73. 

* Man. AngL, vi, 926. 



302 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

quantum pertinet ad tantam terram ejusdem feodi. Nos vero 
Rogerus et Alicia uxor ejusdem et heredes nostri predictam 
tertiam partem tofti et terre, exceptis domibus superedificatis, 
cum omnibus pertinentiis, libertatibus et aysiamentis predictis 
tofto et terre pertinentibus predicto Adam in tota vita sua contra 
omnes homines warantizabimus et defendemus. In cujus rei testi- 
monium partes predicte presentibus scripte sigilla sua mutuatim 
apposuerunt. Hiis testibus : Johanne Daungeriis, Johanne de 
Wintewrwrthe, Roberto de Bosco, Willelmo filio Willelmi de 
Bosco, Johanne de Went' clerico, Ricardo de Sudelay, et aliis. 

Alan de Fulfot was amerced 6 in 1166 for forest trespass. 1 Apparently 
he was living in 1195, when, as Alan de Folifait, he was amerced for a 
default. 2 In 1204 Roger son of Alan held 2 bovates in Follifoot (par. 
Spofforth), of Walter son of Hugh, who assigned Roger's service with 4 
bovates in Hopperton to Ellis de Hopperton and Alice his wife, as the 
dower of the said Alice, and in exchange for 4 bovates in Follifoot, which 
Ernald son of Uctred demanded against them. 3 It appears that an assize 
had been summoned to recognise if Uctred father of Arnald was seised at 
his death of carucate in Follifoot, and if Arnald afterwards held it, of 
which Arnald alleged that Walter son of Hugh and Ellis de " Opeton " had 
disseised him. 4 They made the above agreement in 1204. 

1645. Confirmation by William son of Hameline de Ryther, with 

28. the consent of his younger brother William, to St. Peter's, 

York, for the rebuilding of the church, of an acre of meadow 

next Aesfield which his father gave, and a dwelling-house in 

Littlehil, with common rights and easements. 1170-1190. 

Reg. Magnum Alb., pt. ii, f. 28. Pd. (in part) in Mon. Angl., vi, 1192, 
n. 93. 

Sciant omnes qui literas has viderint vel audierint quod ego 
Willelmus filius Hamelini de Ridera, concensu et assensu fratris 
mei junioris Willelmi, concessi et presenti carta confirmavi Deo 
et Sancto Petro ad reedificationem ecclesie sue donationem illius 
acre prati juxta Aesefeld quam pater meus, pro salute anime sue 
et uxoris sue et liberorum suorum, Beato Petro ita concesserat. 
Accrevi insuper, cum consensu ejusdem fratris mei W[illelmi] 
unam mansuram terre in Litdelhil que contineat xv perticatas in 
longitudine et iiii perticatas in latitudine, ita ut Beatus Petrus 
et homo quem ibi habebit habeat in communi pastura iiii vaccas 
cum fetibus earum et iiii equas cum pullis earum et iiii sues cum 
toto nutrimento suo ; et si in tempore pannagii xx porcos super- 
annatos habuerit, adquietabit se homo per xx denarios, et si 
plures porcos superannatos ibi habere voluerit, habeat per licen- 
tiam domini ; et habebit in bosco ad edificationem suam et ad 
proprium ignem quantum ibidem fuerit necessarium. Hec omnia 
ego Willelmus et frater meus Willelmus junior manutenebimus 

1 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 42. * ib., 7 Ric. I. 

8 Yorks. Fines, n. 218. 

* Assize R. 1039, m. 3 ; Yorks. Assize R., 10. 



LASCY FEE : RYTHER 303 

et warrantizabimus legitime Beato Petro ad ecclesiam suam reedi- 
ficandam et homini suo tenenda libere et quiete sine omni con- 
suetudine vel exactione sicut puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
sicut hec omnia super altare Beati Petri imperpetuum a nobis et 
heredibus nostris fideliter observanda optulimus. Et si qui 
fideles pietatis intuitu, ad opus ecclesie Beati Petri reformande, 
equum vel taurum vel bovem vel alia animalia vacilentia con- 
tulerint, licentiam habeant ibi morandi donee reformentur, etc. 

1646. Grant by William de Rither to the nuns of Appleton of 5 marks 
to be paid yearly in the church of Ryther. 1175-1189. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 157 ; xcv, f. 580?. A breviate in Dodsw. MS. xlix, f. 48^. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Willelmus de Riha 
salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me concessione heredum 
meorum dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta mea con- 
firmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Johannis Evangeliste de Apeltone 
et sanctimonialibus ibidem Deo servientibus v. marcas argenti 
in ecclesia de Riha annuatim solvendas, scilicet duas marcas 
et dimidiam in festo Sancti Martini et duas marcas et dimidiam 
in Pentecoste, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute 
anime mee et successorum et antecessorum meorum. Hiis 
testibus : Radulfo archidiacono Herefordensi, Willelmo de Belewe, 
Adam filio ejus, Thoraldo capellano, Rogero capellano de Braitun, 
Simone Foliot, Nicholao fratre ejus, Hugone de Stiveton, Adam 
et Albino fratribus suis, Henrico de Vernuil, 1 Henrico filio ejus, 
Henrico de Hellesham, Johanne et Gileberto et Hugone filiis 
Willelmi de Riha, Ote de Barchestun et Hugone Gernun, Galfrido 
Guer, Willelmo Percehaie, Willelmo clerico de Fristun, 2 Adam 
scriptore, Edwardo clerico de Braitun, Gileberto diacono, et aliis 
multis. 

William de Rither also gave to the nuns the church of Ryther, the gift 
being confirmed by Henry II, and again by John on 12 March, I2o6. 3 In 
the time of king Edward 3 manors in Ryther (" Rie "), rated at 2 carucates, 
were held by Archil, Gamel and Roschil. Later I manor in Neuhuse, con- 
taining 2 carucates of the land of Chetel and 2 manors in " Ridre," namely 
2 carucates of the land of Chetel and his brothers, were declared to be within 
the bounds of Ilbert de Lascy. 4 At the Survey Hugh held the 3 manors in 
" Rie" of Ilbert de Lascy ; but no further mention is found of him. Walter 
de Rithre attested n. 541 during the period 1144-1150. His relationship to 
Hamelin de Rie, who held a knight's fee of Henry de Lascy in n66, 6 has 
not been ascertained. William son of Hamelin succeeded. He attested a 
charter of Basilla de Day with his sons John, Gilbert and Hugh. 6 He 
had a younger brother, also named William, who was amerced in Ii8o, 7 
and possibly another brother, named Jordan, who was enfeoffed of land in 

1 " Vermin," in all three MSS. 

2 " Friteun" ; Dodsw. MS. xcv, f. 58^. 

3 X. Chart., 143^. * Dom. Bk., i, f. 373^. 5 Red Bk., 423. 
Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 114^. 7 Pipe R., 26 Hen. II, 72. 



304 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Bradley by Adam de Cridling. 1 William de Rither was succeeded by John 
his son, 2 who died before 1212, when William de Rither, possibly son of 
John, granted to Lecia, relict of John de Ryther, 15 marks for her release 
of dower in the town of Ryther ("Rie"), which she had claimed by the 
endowment of her late husband. 3 William de Rither was amerced in 1206 
for a disseisin,* and in 1211 he owed 10 marks to be released from prison. 5 
Possibly it was the same William de " Rye" who held i fee in 1241 which 
was assigned to the dower of dame Margaret de Lascy.' This knight's 
fee comprised at least 4 carucates in Ryther and 2 carucates in Lead. 
There are further references to this family in the charters relating to 
Bradley. 

1647. Grant by Eudes (or Ives) de Longvillers to the canons of 
29. Nostell, for the soul of Agnes his wife and Alan his son, of 

6 acres of land in Wentshill (in Badsworth?). n8o-i2ot>. 
Chartul. of Nostell ; Cott. MS. Vesp. E. xix. f. 19 (old p. 33). 
Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego lun de 
Longwilers dedi et concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo 
et ecclesie Sancti Osuualdi de Nostle [et canonicis] Deo ibidem 
servientibus, pro anima mea et omnibus predecessorum meorum 
et uxoris mee Agnetis et filii mei Alani, sex acras terre in 
Weneteshil, scilicet quatuor acras quas Rogerus films Willelmi 
tenuit cum mesuagio in eisdem acris sito, et preterea duas acras 
ad finem predictarum quatuor acrarum que jacent inter terras 
Ricardi stanard, in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam. 
Quare volo et firmiter precipio ut predicti canonici habeant et 
teneant predictam terram liberam et quietam ab omni seculari 
servitio et exactione in bosco et piano, in viis, in semitis, in 
pascuis et in omnibus locis. Et ego et heredes mei warantiza- 
bimus prefatis canonicis predictam terram contra omnes homines. 
Hiis testibus, etc. 

Robert son of Arnald released these 6 acres of land with the messuage 
thereon to the canons of Nostell as those which had been given to them in 
free alms for the soul of Agnes daughter of Hervey de Ranavill. 7 Ralph 
prior of Nostell (1199-1208) demised 3 acres of this land to Alan Wilde of 
Badeworth for I2d. yearly. 8 

This charter really relates to the Rainevill fee ( 12). Cleckheaton, the 
" Hetone" of the Survey, and Farnley, an unnamed berewick of the manor 
of Gomersall, with some other lands were given to the father of Robert de 
Lonvilers before 1130, in which year the said Robert gave 5 marks for livery 
of his father's land in Yorkshire.* The name does not occur again until 
1166, when Eudes de Longvillers held a knight's fee of Henry de Lascy. 10 
He is often described as Ivo or lun, and had a brother William. The brothers 
married respectively Agnes and Eva, daughters and coheirs of Hervey de 
Rainevill. 11 By this marriage Eudes had a son Alan, living in H95, 1 * who 

1 See n. 1764 below. 

1 Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 300; Yorks. Arch. Jour., xiii, 131. 

3 Yorks. Fines, n. 453. Pipe R., 8 John. 

6 id., 13 John. Close X., 1237-1242, p. 262. 

I Chartul. of Nostell, f. 19. ib. 

R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 26. 10 Red Bk., 423. 

11 Corruptly described as Swane de Raineville in Coucher of Kirkstall, 144. 

II ib., 194. 



LASCY FEE : WENTSHILL, MIDDLETON 305 

probably died without issue. Probably by another wife Eudes had issue 
Eudes II, his son and heir. Not later than 1183 Eudes I and William his 
brother attest a charter of Robert de Lascy, 1 and about 1192 Eudes attests 
as seneschal of Robert de Lascy.* In 1194 William de Longvilers proffered 
10 marks to have seisin of the land of Honley (" Hanleya ") which Robert de 
Lascy (then deceased) had given to him. 3 Eudes was amerced for a disseisin 
in 1196.* Eudes II probably succeeded about the year 1200. He married 
dementia, sister and coheir of John Malherbe, son of John Malherbe (died 
1181) by his wife Matilda, daughter and coheir of Adam Fitz-Swane. In 
1209 he made an agreement about land in Birtwistle in Hapton, co. Lane. 5 
In 12 12 Hugh de Mohaut and Annise his wife unsuccessfully impleaded 
Eudes 1 1 for disseising them of wood or pasture in Drighlington.* In the same 
year an assize ofmortd'ances/orbel'ween John de Nevilland Eudes de Long- 
vilers touching common of the wood of Drighlington was put in respite. 7 
Eudes gave to Kirkstall a rent of IQJ. from his mill of Cleckheaton. His 
grant was attested by Robert de Stapleton, Peter de Autrey, William le 
Peitevin, Richard le Gramaire, Richard de Stiveton and Adam de Heton. 8 
He died between 16 October and 29 December, 1229,* and dementia his 
relict in 1246.* During the period 1235-1239 John de Lungvilers, knt., 
son of Eudes, with the consent of Walter de Tatham, gave to the canons 
of St. Peter's, York, a carucate in Sedbergh held by the said Walter. 11 
dementia his mother simultaneously confirmed the gift. 12 Eudes II died 
in the expedition to Gascony in I254. 13 

1648. Notification of Geoffrey, bishop of Coventry, of his confirmation 
30. to the monks of Bretton of two-thirds of the thraves of corn 
from the demesne of Ailric in the town of Middleton (par. 
Rothwell), with the small tithes there, as granted to them by 
the prior and convent of Pontefract. 1198-1208. 
Bodleian Lib., Oxford, Douce ch., n. 60. 

G[alfridus] Dei gratia Coventrensis ecclesie humilis minister 
omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem in Domino. Noverit 
universitas vestra nos religionem et honestatem virorum religio- 
sorum de Bretton' considerantes eis duas partes garbarum bladi 
de dominio domini Ailrici de villa de Midelton', cum minutis 
decimis ejusdem dominii, divine pietatis intuitu confirmasse, 
tenendas et habendas in perpetuum sicuti eis juste et canonice 
a priore et conventu de Pontefracto sunt concesse ; solvendo eis 
annuatim unam libram piperis sicut eorum carta protestatur. Et 
ut hec confirmatio majori gaudeat securitate in posterum earn 
present! scripto nostro et sigilli nostri appositione dignum 
duximus confirmandam. Hiis testibus : W[illelmoJ archidiacono 
de Dereb[i], Stephano de Eketon', magistro Willelmo de London', 
Matheo capellano, Michaele capellano, Hugone de Dranefeld', 
Thoma de Dranefeld', Michaele de Dranefeld', et multis aliis. 

I Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 27. * ib., nos. 240 and 486. 
8 Pipe R., 6 Ric. I. * ib., 8 Ric. I. 

* Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R., 233. Cur. Reg. R., 56, m. jd. 7 ib., m. grf. 

8 Coucher of Kirkstall, 279. Pat. R., 1225-1232, pp. 310, 351. 

10 Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 454. She held 2 fees of the earl of Lincoln in co. York, 
and J fee in co Lincoln, in her own right. 

II Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 66. " ib. 

13 Cal. of Pat. R., 1247-1258, p. 186 ; Yorks. Inq.p.m., i, 42. 
Ill U 



306 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1649. Grant by Gilbert de Notton to the hospitallers of Jerusalem 
31. of i bovate of the 4 bovates which are called Ravensacre in 

Notton, and 2 acres of land in Applehaigh which lie between 
the land of Swane son of Roskel and Reginald de Silkeston. 
1195-1217. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 185. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Gilbertus de Notton dedi 
et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et Beate 
Marie et Sancto Johanni Baptiste et sancte domui hospital! 
Jerusalem et fratribus ejusdem domus unam bovatam terre de 
quatuor bovatis que vocantur Ravenesacre in territorio ville de 
Notton, illam scilicet bovatam terre cum pertinentiis versus 
orientem. Et preterea duas acras terre in Adbaldehage que 
jacent inter terram Suani filii Roskel et terram Reginaldi de 
Silkiston, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, libere et quiete 
ab omni seculari servitio et exactione, cum omnibus libertatibus 
et liberis communionibus et aysiamentis infra villam et extra 
de Notton pertinentibus, ubi alii liberi homines ejusdem ville 
habent libera communia et aysiamenta. Ita quod ego prenomi- 
natus Gilbertus de Notton et heredes mei warantizabimus pre- 
dictam bovatam cum pertinentiis et duas bovatas terre prefatis 
fratribus hospitalis Jerusalem contra omnes homines. Hiis testi- 
bus, Johanne de Birkin, Ada de Reinevilla, Roberto Walensi, 
Hugone de Touleston, Johanne Tyrel, Radulfo fratre suo, Henrico 
de Tursteinland, Alexandro de Chivet, Henrico Haliday, et multis 
aliis. 

1650. Quit-claim and surrender by rod by William de Somervill II 
32. to Henry de Lascy of the land of Kiddal. c.i 150-1170. 

D. of Lane., Gt. Cowcher, i, f. ijod, n. 16; a breviate in D. of Lane., 
Miscel., bundle i, n. 36, m. 3. 

Sciant presentes et futuri et omnes qui istam cartam videbunt 
quod ego Willelmus de Somervilla per baculum reddidi terram 
de Kiddala cum pertinentiis suis et dedi sicut in dominium et 
forisjuravi et quietam clamavi Henrico de Laci et heredibus suis 
de me et de heredibus meis. Hiis testibus : Rogero presbitero, 
Willelmo Vavasur, Willelmo de Bulli, Thoma filio Petri, Henrico 
Hatecrist, Waltero Flamango, Willelmo Capun, Rogero clerico, 
Serlone clerico, Alano Bucel, Willelmo Wahard, Willelmo fratre 
Ansgotis, Benedicto filio Forni, Symone filio Puppe, Waltero de 
Tulusa. 

Walter de Tolusa was named in the roll of the sheriff of Yorkshire in 
IJ.65. 1 Emma de Tuluse, for the health of the soul of her husband, Walter 
de Tuluse, gave to the monks of Kirkstall land in the field of Pontefract 

1 Pipe R., ii Hen. II, 49. 



LASCY FEE : NOTTON, KIDDAL, BARNBOW 307 

which adjoined Darrington. 1 Henry Hatecrist attested before October, 
1153, Henry de Lascy's charter of confirmation to the monks of Kirkstall ; 
and not later than 1154 the same Henry's grant of Barnsley to the monks 
of Pontefract. Walter le Fleming was perhaps the uncle of Reiner le 
Fleming, a tenant of the fee of Skipton in 1 166. 

1651. Notitia of a grant by William de Somervill III to Robert de 
Lascy of 6 bovates in Barnbow (in Barwick-in-Elmet). 1185- 



D. of Lane., Miscel., bundle I, n. 36, m. 2. 

Carta Willelmi de Somervill per quam in pleno comitatu 
Eboraci dedit predicto Roberto [de Lascy] et heredibus suis sex 
bovatas terre in Barnesburc. 

The grantor was nephew of Walter de Somervill, who held I fee of Henry 
de Lascy in 1 166. 2 In 1185 Roger de Somervill, son and heir of Walter and 
mesne lord of William de Somervill, gave 5 marks to obtain a writ of pre- 
tipe from the king that Robert de Lascy should justly warrant to him touch- 
ing 6 bovates in Barnbow (Barnebu).* At the Survey " Robert " held lands of 
Ilbert de Lascy in Seacroft, Birkby in Thorner (" Bretebi ") and Wheatcroft 
in Barwick-in-Elmet (" Watecroft"), in this county, and of Robert de Stat- 
ford he held Wichnor, co. Staff. In the time of Robert de Lascy, lord of 
Pontefract (c. 1093-1114), Robert de Somervill gave to St. Clement's chapel, 
Pontefract, a third part of a carucate in Seacroft.* Possibly he was the father 
of William de Somervill, a vassal of king David of Scotland, whose charter 
he and William his son frequently attested from circa 1124 to 1153. A debt 
was due to the crown in 1158 from William de Sumervill, in Yorkshire, 
but a note is recorded that " he dwells in the land of the king of Scotland." 5 
A like sum was due from Geoffrey son of Hugh, who could nowhere be 
found. 8 In 1166 Walter de Somervill was amerced for the concealment of 
a double duel by the wapentake court of Skyrack. 7 At that time he held 2 
fees in Wichnor of Robert de Stafford, and J fee in Willesley and Packing- 
ton, co. Leic., 8 of William, earl of Ferrers, besides the fee which he held of 
Henry de Lascy. He married Cecily de Limesi of Stockton, probably 
daughter of Ralph de Limesi, the founder of the priory of Hertford,* and by 
her had Roger his son and heir, who succeeded his father before 1176. At 
this time part of the Yorkshire estate was held by William de Somervill, 
nephew of Walter. In 1 189 William de Somervill was amerced for a default 
in Northumberland. 10 In 1226 William son of William de Sumervill granted 
by fine to William, prior of Holy Trinity, York, a bovate in Seacroft, held by 
Henry de Swinlington, which the prior and convent held by the gift of the 
grantor's father. 11 In addition to gifts to the monks of Kirkstall he gave to 
the canons of Bolton his mill in Seacroft and 5 bovates in Coldcotes. 12 In 
1235-36 he held i fee of John de Lascy, earl of Lincoln, 13 and in 1243 he 
died. 14 

1 Coucher of Kirkstall, n. 216 ; Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 140 and p. 310. 

2 Red Bk.,^. 

3 Pipe R., 31 Hen. II, 75 ; where " Barnebi " is given, although the roll has 
"Barnebu." 

4 Mon. Angl.,v, 1286. 5 Lawrie, Early Scottish CAs., pass. 
Pipe R., 4 Hen. II, 146. 7 ib., 12 Hen. II, 47. 

8 Red Bk., 267, 339. ' Mon. Angl., iii, 300. 

10 Pipe A'., I Ric. I, 243. Feet of F., 18, n. 27. 

11 Mon. Ebor., 116, 119. 13 Testa, 365. 

14 Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 401. See a note in Coucher of Kirkstall ', 122. 



308 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1652. Grant by William de Somervill III to the monks of Kirkstall 
of lands in Seacroft, and access for their sheep from La 
Roundhay over his pasture as they had in the time of his 
uncle, Walter de Somervill. He affirmed his gift in the hand 
of Nicholas de Tadcaster, vice-archdeacon, because the 
monks had surrendered to him his town of Seacroft 7^ years 
before the end of their term. ^.1185-1193. 
Chartul. of Kirkstall, f. 34^. Pd. in Concher of Kirkstall. n. 167. 
Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de 
Sumervilla, pro amore Dei et salute anime mee, heredum et 
antecessorum meorum, dedi, concessi et hac mea presenti carta 
confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kirk[estal] 
in perpetuum xl duas acras terre in campo de Secroft, videlicet 
Osmereriding et Garebradeflat pro ix acris et dimidia, per percam 
decem et octo pedum et dimidie, et reliquas triginta duas acras 
et dimidiam suppleo de essartis que tenuerunt de me ad ter- 
minum, videlicet in cultura que vocatur Bolledesache 1 et in altera 
cultura que vocatur Hengandehaker 2 et in tertia que voca'.ur 
Alrikeleia, et essartum Astini pro duabus acris ; tenendas el 
habendas de me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, liberam et quietam ab omni terreno servitio et secu- 
lari exactione. Dono etiam eisdem monachis pasturam in eadem 
villa septingentis ovibus in omnibus pasturis eidem ville perti- 
nentibus extra bladum et pratum, videlicet trecentas oves in 
faldis monachorum et quadringentas oves in faldiciis meis et 
femitiis. 3 Et si predicti monachi timuerint murinam ovium suarum 
in eadem villa, licebit eis sine causa amovere eas ab ilia pastura 
a festo Sancti Michaelis usque ad Pentecosten, et ad Pentecosten 
sine aliqua causatione perimplebunt mihi numerum quadringen- 
tarum ovium in faldis et femitiis meis apud Secroft. Preterea 
dedi et concessi et hac carta confirmavi predictis monachis redi- 
tum ovium suarum de La Rondehaia super pasturam meam, 
sicut habuerunt tempore awnculi mei, Walteri de Sumervilla 
videlicet liberos introitus et exitus infra villam et extra tarn ad 
pasturam euntibus quam ad bercharias redeuntibus, et pasturam 
bobus terram suam colentibus, et de bosco meo summere ad sepes 
suas faciendas et faldas et bercharias super terram meam edi- 
ficandas cum necesse habuerint. Et quia predicti monachi red- 
diderunt mihi villam meam de Secroft septem annis et dimidio 
ante terminum suum, ego affidavi in manu Nicholai vicearchi- 
diaconi de Thatecaster hanc elemosinam manutenendam et 
warantizandam, et quod aliquam terram aut pasturam predicte 
ville non vendam nee invadiabo neque aliquo pacto aliter dimittam 
nisi predictis monachis de Kirk[estal] per rationabile pretium 
amicorum nostrorum. Ego etiam nullius averia vel oves recipiam 
ad pasturam ejusdem ville, nisi predictorum monachorum preter 

1 "sache" = shaw. * i.e. Hanging acre. * Hay fields. 



LASCY FEE: SEACROFT, BARNBOW 309 

mea propria et hominum meorum quantum rationabiliter pertinet 
ad uniuscujusque tenuram, et ego Willelmus et heredes mei 
non clamabimus versus predictos monachos aliquam aliam con- 
ventionem de ovibus suis in falda mea habendis, neque per 
scriptum nee per cartam, nisi per hanc prescriptam conventionem. 
Hanc predictam donationem et concessionem tarn de terris quam 
de pasturis et conventionibus ego Willelmus et heredes mei Deo 
et prescriptis monachis de Kirk[estal] warantizabimus, adquieta- 
bimus et defendemus ubique et erga omnes homines. Testes. 

This exceptionally interesting agreement was confirmed by Robert de 
Lascy and cannot therefore be of later date than the year 1 193. The grant 
of pasture for 700 sheep, probably 840 in actual number, was coupled with 
the stipulation that 400 of the number should be folded in the donor's sheep- 
folds, so that their dung should accrue to him. If murrain was feared the 
sheep might be taken elsewhere from Michaelmas to Whitsuntide, provided 
that at the last-named festival 400 were folded in the donor's folds. The 
land given was for arable ; pasturage was therefore provided for the plough 
oxen ; also wood for making or repairing hedges and folds or sheep-folds. 
Apart from the desire of the donor to give alms he had been influenced by 
the act of the monks in surrendering a lease of the town of Seacroft to 
them 7^ years before its termination. The value of the agreement to the 
monks was safeguarded by a. clause prohibiting the donor from mortgaging, 
selling or leasing the pasture of the town to any other person, or from taking 
the sheep of any third party on to the pasture. 

At a later date William de Somervill added to his gift a further grant of 
13 acres of land in High Northwaite and 12 acres in Low Northwaite, 1 and 
by 4 other grants of land in Seacroft of minor importance. 2 William son of 
William de Somervill also made two grants. 3 

1653. Grant by William Veillechen to Richard de Reinevill of 3 
bovates in Barnbow (in Barwick-in-Elmet) with the tofts and 
crofts, and land between the same Richard's house and the 
ridding of Ralph, the priest's son, from the spring called Edwin- 
well to Ralph's ditch and so to Shippen brook ; doing forinsec 
service where 12 carucates make a knight's fee. 1190-1191. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. 
viii, .55. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus Veille- 
chen dedi et concessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi Ricardo 
de Ranevilla pro servitio et homagio suo tres bovetas terre in 
Barnebu, videlicet, illas duas quas Wallevus habuit et tertiam 
que fuit Willelmi filii Eadwini, cum toftis et croftis et omnibus 
pertinentiis ubique sine aliquo retenemento in pratis et pasturis, 
in viis et semitis, in moris et mariscis, in stagnis et molendinis 
infra villam et extra et in omnibus locis. Dedi etiam et hac 
eadem carta confirmavi prenominato Ricardo totam terram que 
est inter domum predicti Ricardi et essartum Radulfi filii pres- 
biteri a fonte qui vocatur Eadwine-welle in tran[s]versum usque 

1 Coucher of K., n. 168 ; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 57. 

2 nos. 169 to 172. 3 nos. 175-176. 



310 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

ad fossatum predict! Radulfi, et sicud fossatum illud descendit 
in rivum de Sipene; tenendas de me et heredibus meis illi et 
heredibus suis in feodo et hereditate libere, quiete et solute ab 
omni servitio, faciendo tantum forense servitium quantum pertinet 
ad tres bovetas terre unde xii carucate faciunt feodum militis. 
Et ego et heredes mei predictas terras prenominato Ricardo et 
heredibus ejus guarantizabimus et defendemus ubique et erga 
omnes homines. Testibus, Osberto de Longocampo tune vice- 
comite Ebor[aci], Waltero filio Hugonis, Radulfo Bardulf, Ra- 
dulfo filio Radulfi, Thoma filio Thome, Malgero Vavasor, Nigello 
de Plumton, Alano de Sinderbi, Waltero de Boventon', Jordano 
de Insula, Rannulfo de Novomercato, Willelmo filio Roberti, 
Willelmo filio Everardi, Thoma de Ranevilla, Willelmo de Rie 
et Gileberto filio ejus, Willelmo de Alreton' filio Ailsi. 

In 1181 among certain West Riding entries in the sheriff's roll is that of 
2 marks paid by William Esveillechien for licence to agree with Richard de 
Kent. 1 



1654. Feoffment of Roger Scot of Kalverlay to Geoffrey son of Peter 
33. de Arthington and Mary, the donor's sister, in free marriage 

of carucate in Calverley of his demesne, for 2 gilt spurs yearly. 

1190-^.1205. 

Brit. Mus., Add. ch. n. 16,580. Pd. in Calverley Charters (Thoresby 
Soc., vi), I. 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri quod ego Rogerus 
Scot de Kalverlaia dedi et concessi et hac mea carta cohfirmavi 
Gaufrido filio Petri de Arthingtun et Marie sorori mee et heredi- 
bus suis, pro humagio suo et servitio, dimidiam carrucatam terre 
in Kalverlaia de dominico meo, in libero maritagio, tenendam de 
me et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate, cum omnibus liber- 
tatibus et aisiamentis ad eandem villam pertinentibus, in bosco 
et piano, infra villam et extra villam, in pratis et pasturis, in 
aquis, in viis et semitis, et in omnibus locis, sine retinemento; 
liberam, quietam, et solutam ab omnibus servitiis que ad me 
vel ad heredes meos pertinent vel ad dominum regem ; reddendo 
mihi et heredibus meis annuatim ad Pascha duo calcaria deaurata. 
Ego vero et heredes mei predictam terram predictis Gaufrido et 
Marie et heredibus suis warantizabimus et defendemus ubique 
erga dominum regem et erga omnes homines. His testibus : 
Willelmo de Lelaia, Hugone et Roberto filiis ejus, Willelmo 
Wart, Radulfo filio Balduwini de Bramhop, Hugone de Swinling- 
ton', Serlone de Povilla, Willelmo filio ejus, Thoma de Tornetun, 
Johanne fratre ejus, Hugone de Stapeltun', Ricardo de Alta-ripa, 
Willelmo de Stapeltun', Waltero de leaddun', Jordano de 
Essartis. 



1 Pipe ., 27 Hen. II, 44. 



LASCY FEE : CALVERLEY 3 I I 

A remnant of a small circular seal equestrian. 

In 1 1 66 William Scott was amerced for the concealment of a plea of the 
crown by the wapentake of Morley, 1 and in the same year he held knight's 
fee of Henry de Lascy. 2 Richard Scott was amerced in II6Q. 3 The name 
of William Scot's son and successor is not known. Roger Scot was his 
grandson, but the date of his succession to this fee is not known. From 
the circumstance that this charter was attested by William de Lelai and 
that Geoffrey son of Peter de Arthington, the grantee, was recently married, 
it is improbable that the date was much later than 1200. It may be some 
years earlier. 

Alexander, the priest of Calverley, is named in 1198 and Jordan de Cal- 
verley in 1200.* In 1204, in his suit to recover the church of Calverley, 
Roger Scot alleged that Alexander and Jordan had been presented succes- 
sively to that church by William his grandfather and that they died parsons 
thereof. 5 It seems probable that William Scot died not long before 1200. 

Col. Gascoigne has a charter of Jursole, wife of Roger Scott of Kalverlei, 
granting to Richard Bagot, parson of Felkirk, i bovate in "Hindelei" 
(Hiendley), late of Bernulf de Winterset, for 3^. yearly. This was attested 
by John de Birkin, John Tyrel, Gilbert de Notton, Moyses de Hoderode, 
Peter de Birethwait, Adam parson of Heton, Hugh de Hindelei, Robert de 
Pul, Peter de Hoderode, John his brother. 8 The 2 last witnesses were sons 
of Moses de Hoderode. In 1204 Roger Le Scot claimed the advowson of 
the church of Calverley against the archbishop and Hamon, treasurer of 
York ; Hamon stated that archbishop Roger appointed him priest of the 
chapel of St. Mary, which the said Roger built on the gate by the mother 
church of St. Peter and to which he attorned the church of Calverley ; 
wherefore he is also parson of that church. It had been given to arch- 
bishop Roger by William Le Scot, grandfather of Roger. 7 

The same Jursella, as widow of Roger Scot, gave to Hugh, son of Robert 8 
de Horton, his nephew, land which she had by the gift of Thomas her 
father in Lewynthorpe (Leventhorpe, near Bradford). The witnesses were 
Roger de Thorneton, Robert de Boiling, Hugh del Sarte, Ellis de Hoxen- 
hope, John de Hawrd, Henry de Hakewrth, Simon de Clayton, Hugh de 
Hallerton, and 3 others. 9 Thus we have among the witnesses men of 
importance living circa 1 230 from the towns of Thornton, Bowling, Oxenhope, 
Haworth, Oakworth, Clayton and Allerton, all, except Oakworth, in the 
parish of Bradford. 

Roger Scot died on or before I226, 10 and was succeeded by William his 
son, who was in 1235-36 the un-named tenant of A fee in Calverley with the 
members. 11 He gave to the monks of Byland circa 1240 a fourth part of 
Denholme. 12 

1655. Grant by Sampson de Allerton, William his son, and Ragenild 

34. wife of the same Sampson, to prior Alexander and the monks 

of Kirkstall of 2 carucates, that is West Allerton, rendering 

i mark yearly ; and i bovate in East Allerton, with common 

rights in the donor's land there; with a covenant to grant 

1 Pipe R., 12 Hen. II, 46. * Red Bk., 423. 

3 Pipe A'., 15 Hen. II, 38. * Pipe R., 10 Ric. I and 2 John. 

5 Assize R. 1039, m. 7. Yorks. D. (Rec. Soc.), n. 234. 

7 Assize R. 1039, m. 7 ; Yorks. Assize R., 21. 

8 " Herbert " in Yorks. D., n. 288, but an error. 

9 Broughton Hall D., Yorks. D., i, n. 288. 10 Feet of F., 21, n. 152. 
11 Testa, 365. 12 Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 85^. 



312 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

2 carucates in East Allerton in default of warranty of those 2 
carucates in West Allerton. c. 1160-1170. 

Bodl. Lib., Yorks. chs., n. 3. 

Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus 
et futuris me Samsonem de Alretuna et Willelmum filium meum 
et Ragenildam uxorem meam dedisse et concessisse et hac carta 
confirmasse Deo et Sancte Marie et abbati Alexandro et 
monachis de Kyrkestal et eorum successoribus in perpetuum 
duas karrucatas terre, id est West Alretunam cum omnibus 
appendiciis suis in bosco et piano, in pratis et pasturis et 
aquis ; in perpetuam elemosinam, 1 quietam et liberam ab omnibus 
terrenis servitiis, unam tantum marcam singulis annis reddenti- 
bus ; et unam bovetam terre in altera Alretuna in elemosinam ; 
et communitatem relique terre nostre in boscho et piano, in 
pratis et pasturis et aquis. Et hoc est notandum quod si 
predictas karrucatas terre eis manutenere non possumus, alias 
duas karrucatas terre in Hest Alretuna eadem conventione 
dimittemus. Hujus rei testes sunt Willelmus monachus de 
Hedleia, Heilsi presbiter de Ledes, Petrus films ejus, Willelmus 
de Laci, Robertus Pictaviensis, Willelmus de Reinavilla, Willel- 
mus de Alteriva, Willelmus Pictaviensis, Ricardus films Walding, 
Serlo de Hardingtuna et Rogerus frater ejus, Petrus et Rogerus 
Scotti. 

Seal of white wax conventional floriated cross; Legend : 
+ S1GILLVM SAMSONIS DE ALRETVNE. 

This gift must have been made before 1171, because these 2 carucates 
in West Allerton and I bovate in East Allerton are named in the agree- 
ment made between Kirkstall and Holy Trinity priory, York, touching 
tithes from lands in the parish of Leeds,* which agreement was attested by 
Richard, abbot of Fountains, who died in 1 170. But this was not Sampson's 
first charter of gift to Kirkstall, for it does not answer the description con- 
tained in the confirmation of Henry de Lascy, issued before 1154, namely, 
" the gift which Sampson de Alretun made by covenant and by the metes 
and bounds which he appointed, and by charter confirmed." Sampson de 
Allerton held \ fee of Henry de Lascy in n66. 3 

1656. Grant by Sampson de Allerton to the monks of Kirkstall of 
2 carucates in East Allerton, in exchange for those 2 carucates 
which he has given them in West Allerton, with his messuage 
and apple-orchard and the land which they have demised to 
him in East Allerton, rendering yearly us. &d. to the donor 
and 55. to William son of Ralph de Lofthouse*. ^-.i 185-1201. 

From the original formerly penes John Dixon, esq. of Chapel Allerton. 
Pd. in Whitaker, Loidis and Eltnete, 125. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
Samson de Alretune dono et concede et hac mea carta confirmo 

1 " elemolemosinam " ; ch. * Coucher of Kirkstall^ n. 349. 

3 Red Bk., 423. 



LASCY FEE: EAST AND WEST ALLERTON 313 

Deo et Sancte Marie et monachis de Kerkestal in perpetuum 
duas carucatas terre in Est Alretune in escambium illarum 
duarum carucatarum quas dederam eis in West Alretune, cum 
masagio et pomerio meo et cum tota terra quam accommoda- 
verunt mini de istis duabus carrucatis in Est Alretune, cum 
toftis et croftis et cum omnibus pertinentiis in bosco et piano, 
in pratis et pascuis, in stagnis et molendinis, in essartis et 
fracticiis, in viis et semitis infra villam et extra villam et in 
omnibus locis sine retenimento, in perpetuam elemosynam liberam 
et quietam ab omni terreno servitio pro xvj solidis et viij denariis 
quos monachi dabunt annuatim pro eadem terra, videlicet xj 
solidos et viij denarios mihi et heredibus meis, medietatem infra 
octavas Pentecostis et medietatem infra octavas Sancti Martini ; 
reliquos vero v solidos dabunt Willelmo filio Radulfi de Loft- 
husum et heredibus suis. Et ego et heredes mei prefatam 
terram acquietabimus erga dominum regem et dominos et 
warantizabimus ubique et erga omnes homines pro prenominato 
servitio. Hujus rei testes sunt Willelmus films Roberti de 
Siclingehale, Willelmus de Withetun, Adam.filuis-Petri- de Pres- 
tune, Tomas de Insula, Robertus de Oustthorp, Robertus de 
Secroft, Ricardus de Rupe, Rogerus filius Petri de Arthingtuna, 
Willelmus de Sumervill et multi alii apud wapentacum inter 
Gereford et Manestune. 

William de Lofthus occurs in a charter of H[ugh], prior of Pontefract, 
.1184-^.1203. Some of the witnesses occur much later than 1201, but the 
tenant of 2 carucates in Allerton in 1201 was Hervey de Lofthus, 1 who seems 
to have been the successor of William son of Ralph. Alexander de Aller- 
ton, a contemporary of Peter de Arthington and even of Adam son of 
William son of Samson de Allerton, 2 occurs in 1188, as owing 5 marks for 
licence to agree with Thomas son of William. 1 In the same year Alexander 
de Allerton, William de Allerton, and Richard Bindedevel were severally 
amerced ^ mark for defaults. 4 

1657. Grant by William son of Nicholas de Allerton to John son of 
Adam de Cookridge of i bovate in Allerton in free marriage 
with his daughter Silke. c.\ 180-1201. 

Bodl. Lib., Yorks. chs., n. in. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius 
Nicholay de Alretun dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi Johanni filio Ade de Cukeric et heredibus suis in 
perpetuum unam bovatam terre in Alretun in liberum maritagium 
cum Silke filia mea, illam videlicet bovatam quam Adam de 
Colewelle tenuit. Hanc predictam bovatam cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis et libertatibus et aisiamentis infra villam et 
extra ubi[que] in omnibus locis sine ullo retenemento dedi et 

1 CoucherofKirkstall,n. 136, n. 150. * i&., n. 132. 

5 Pipe R. ( 34 Hen. II. * ib. 



314 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi predicto Johanni et heredibus 
suis tenendam de me et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate 
libere et quiete ab omnibus servitiis [et] consuetudinibus que ad 
terram pertinent; reddendo annuatim michi vel heredibus meis 
unam libram [piperis ad] octavas apostolorum Petri et Pauli 
pro omnibus que ad me vel ad heredes meos pertinent. Et 
sciendum quod predictus Johannes et heredes sui faciant forense 
servitium quantum pertinet ad unam bovatam unde sexdecim 
carrucate faciunt feodum unius militis. Ego vero et heredes mei 
antedicto Johanni et heredibus suis predictam bovatam terre cum 
omnibus apendiciis suis 'warantizabimus et defendemus ubique 
et erga omnes homines. His testibus : Symone de Monte Alto, 
Hugone de Baildun, Adam capellano de Harewde, Thoma 
Pictaviensi, Adam Samson, Alexandro de Alretun, Thoma de 
Giptun, Henrico de Mortun, Henrico de Alwaldeleya, Adam de 
Cukeric, Galfrido de Duningtun, Willelmo de Loftus, Alano de 
Brerehag et multis aliis. 

Seal of white wax bearing a conventional flower (?}. Legend : 

. . GILLVM WILL' FILII NIC . . . 

1658. Notitia of a grant by Pain son of Buchard to Henry de Lascy 
35. of 2 carucates in Hillam. 1144-^.1160. 

D. of Lane., Miscel., portf. I, n. 36, m. 2. 

Carta Pagani filii Burchardi facta eidem Henrico [de Lascy] 
et heredibus suis de duabus carucatis terre cum pertinentiis in 
Hillum. 

Pain son of Buchard gave to the monks of Pontefract 30 acres -of land 
in Pontefract before H54- 1 He held \ knight's fee in 1166 of Henry de 
Lascy. 2 William son of the said Pain confirmed his father's gift of land in 
Pontefract, 3 and added, of his own gift, 5 acres there, lying between the 
house of the Lepers and Carleton, and also 24^ acres of land in Parlington.* 
One William son of Pain was amerced by the justices in Yorkshire in 1201.* 
Hugh son of William son of Pain de Hillam released to the monks of 
Pontefract his right in i carucate in Shippen, in the fee of Hillam, with 
the feudal services, which Alan son of Nicholas de "Sypan" used to do to 
the grantor's father. 6 In 1251 Thomas de Dray ton and Joan his wife held 
lands in Hillam in right of the said Joan. 7 

1659. Confirmation by William son of Pain son of Buchard to the 
monks of Pontefract of the land (in Pontefract) given by Pain 
his father. 1170-1180. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 33. Pd. in ChartuL of Pontefr., 
n. 147. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus films Pagani filii 
Buchardi concessi et hac carta mea sigillata confirmavi Deo et 

1 Chartul. of Pontefract, p. 83. * Red Bk., 423. 

3 Chartul., n. 147. * ib., n. 148. 

6 R. Cancel. (Rec. Com.), 296. Chartul. of Pontefr., n. 2IO. 

7 Feet of F.,42, n. 34. 



LASCY FEE: HILLAM, PONTEFRACT 315 

monachis Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam liberam et quietam, pro remedio anime mee et patris 
mei Pagani et antecessorum meorum, totam terram quam dedit 
eisdem monachis pater meus predictus Paganus ; et calumpniam 
quam habui in eadem terra totam quietam clamo de me et de 
heredibus meis imperpetuum. Et in recognitione hujus concessionis 
et confirmationis dederunt mihi monachi x solidos. Pro hac 
autem elemosina nichil omnino ab eis, preter orationes tantum, 
exigam ego vel heredes mei. Testibus, Willelmo milite de 
Stubb[is] et Henrico filio ejus, Thoma dapifero, Jordano, Rainero, 
Rogero [et] Waltero de Ledestona, Serico, Hereberto et Willelmo 
de Withewde et multis aliis. 

1660. Grant by Adam de Reinevill to the monks of Pontefract, for 

the health of the soul of Alice his wife, of 2 bovates in 
Hillam, land in Pontefract and a rent of 40^. r.i 180-1206. 
Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 50. Pd. in Chartul. of P., n. 271. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Adam de Rainevilla 
salutem. Notum sit universitati vestre me concessisse et dedisse 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et Sancto Johanni et 
monachis de Pontefracto ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute anime 
mee et uxoris mee Aliz et omnium antecessorum et heredum 
meorum, illas duas bovatas terre in Hillum cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis quas Robertus films Ulwetti tenuit de me. Has 
vero bovatas si ego Adam vel heredes mei warentizare non pote- 
rimus, dabimus prefatis monachis in exscambia redditum novem 
solidorum. Preter hec dedi predictis monachis totam terram in 
Pontefracto quam Jordanus fullo tenuit de me. Insuper dedi eis 
de redditu quadraginta denariorum quos persolvet Willelmus 
filius Nunne de firma sua, xx li denarios in festo Sancti Martini et 
xx li denarios in Pentecoste. Si vero predictus Willelmus fideliter 
ad terminos prenominatos non reddiderit, concessi ut predicti 
monachi prefatum Willelmum per averias suas distringant ad 
reddendum. Has vero terras et hunc redditum dedi predictis 
monachis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Hiis testibus, 
Thoma de Rainevilla filio meo, Ricardo de Reinevilla, Ricardo 
Malebise, Gaufrido, Willelmo, Hugone, fratribus suis, Adam de 
Prestuna, Radulfo de Best[ona], Willelmo de Novo Mercato, 
Johanne clerico de Kelligtona, Henrico, Symone, Alexandro, 
Moyse, fratribus suis, Willelmo filio Everardi, Ricardo de Stagno, 
Jordano de Ledestuna, Hugone de Bateleya, et aliis. 

1661. Confirmation by William son of Pain (de Hillam) to the 

monks of Pontefract of the fore-going gift. 1180-1206. 
Chartul. of Pontefract, f. 50. Pd. in CharttiL of P., n. 270. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Pagani 
concessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et Sancto Johanni 



316 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Apostolo et Ewangeliste et monachis de Pontefracto in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam, pro salute anime mee et omnium ante- 
cessorum et heredum meorum, duas bovatas terre in Hillum 
cum pertinentiis suis quas Adam de Reinevilla eisdem monachis 
donavit et confirmavit in perpetuam elemosinam. Et ego 
Willelmus et heredes mei predictam terram cum pertinentiis 
prefatis monachis warentizabimus et defendemus contra omnes 
homines. Hiis testibus : Paulino capellano, Willelmo Grama- 
tico, Adam de Reinevilla, Thoma filio ejus, Willelmo de Stapil- 
tona, Raimundo clerico, et aliis. 

1662. Notitia of a gift by Adam son of Peter de Preston to the 
36. Templars of 10 acres of land (in Preston). ^.1175-1185. 

P.R.O., K.R. Misc. Bks., Excheq., vol. 16, f. 6$d; Mon. AngL, vi, 831*. 
Ex dono Ade filii Petri de Prestuna x acras [terre in Prestuna] 
quas Simon de Fareburne tenet pro dimidia marca. 

In 1166 Adam de Preston held a knight's fee of Henry de Lascy, 1 in 
Great and Little Preston and in Garforth. Possibly Adam had brothers, 
Hugh and Peter. In 1166 Hugh de Preston was amerced for being present 
when a double duel was fought on the same day by the same man in a court 
in the wapentake of Skyrack. 2 Adam II, son of Peter de Preston, died before 
121 1, when Alice la Brette, possibly his relict, complained that when she 
impleaded a monk of St. Mary's, York, in the court of the abbey, in respect 
of \ carucate in Garforth, which she claimed as of her marriage, the said 
monk took her sons and imprisoned them. 3 In 1219 Alice, relict of Adam 
de Preston, demanded dower in lands in Preston against John de Heck 
and Amice his wife ; * and as Alice, relict of Adam son of Peter, dower in 
2 carucates in Garforth and 2 carucates in Preston, against Richard le 
Gramaire. 5 Adam de Preston II had issue Adam, Richard/ and possibly 
Nicholas. In 1235-36 Adam de Preston III held I fee of John de Lascy, 
earl of Lincoln. 7 In 1241 Adam de Preston demised land in Midgley. 8 In 
1243 he held a loth part of a fee in Extwistle, co. Lane. 9 In 1270 Adam de 
Preston, knt., son of Adam de Preston, knt., sold his lands in Fairburn to 
John de Raygate, knt. 10 The manor of Fairburn was held by the family of 
Everingham, as heirs general of the Birkins. 

It is possible that Simon de Farburn and Simon de Roche (de Rupe) 
were near kinsmen. Simon de Roche gave to the monks of Holy Trinity, 
York, land belonging to his 5 bovates in Garforth, lying between the land of 
Jordan del Hill and that of Ivo the hermit in breadth, and from the tanpit 
(forrerium) of William son of Walter de Sipen to the bounds of the monks 
towards the park (plassetum} which was in dispute between the grantor 
and the monks, in length. 11 As Robert le Waleis, then sheriff, was a 
witness, the date is 1204-1209. 

1663. Notification of Swane son of Ailric to Thurstan, archbishop 
38. (of York) of his gift to the monks of Pontefract of the church 

of Silkstone with 6 bovates, the chapel of Cawthorne with 

Red Bk., 423. * Pipe R., 12 Hen. II. 46. 

Cur. Reg. R. 54, m. 3. ' Assize R. 1040, m. ^d. 

ib., m. 6. Testa, 365. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, nos. 175 and 1 86. 
Yorks. Arch.Jl., vii, 425. Testa, 397. 

10 Bodleian ch., n. 278. " Dodsw. MS. viii, 112. 



LASCY FEE: PRESTON, CAWTHORNE 31^ 

2 bovates, and two-thirds of the tithe of sheaves of all his 
demesne lands. 1120-1130. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. fod. Pd. in Charlul. of Pontc- 
fract, n. 378. 

Spirituali patri suo T[urstino] archiepiscopo et cunctis sancte 
ecclesie filiis Swanus filius Ailrich salutem. Volo vos omnes 
scire qui nunc estis presentes et futuri quod ego, in remissione 
omnium peccatorum meorum et pro salute anime mee et omnium 
parentum meorum qui de hoc seculo transierunt et pro animabus 
omnium heredum meorum, donavi per istam meam cartam et 
sigillavi ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto et monachis qui 
ibi Deo serviunt ecclesiam de Silkistuna et sex bovatas terre 
in eadem villa et cum omnibus que pendent ad illam in omnibus 
locis ; et eapellam de Calthorn cum duabus bovatis terre in 
eadem villa ; et cum duabus partibus decimarum omnium domini- 
orum meorum, scilicet garbarum, in puram et perpetuam ele- 
mosinam, ita quod in predicta ecclesia et in predicta capella 
mihi nichil retinui vel alicui heredum meorum. Et si aliquis 
qui tenet de me aliquam elemosinam de feudo meo eis voluerit 
facere, libenter concede. Hujus donationis testem voco Deum. 
Et isti homines testes sunt, Edwinus presbiter et persona de 
Derefeld, Ulfus presbiter et persona de Adewic, Dolfin de Wlflay, 
Saxi de Horbiri et multi alii. 

Swane son of Alric was dead in 1130, when Hervey de Vescy ("de 
Veceio ") owed ^10 for the wife of Suein son of Alric with her dower in 
Cumberland, 1 and Adam son of the same Suein rendered account of 5 
marks for his mother's dower in Yorkshire after her death, 2 she being then 
alive. The above gift purports to have been confirmed by Henry I, by a 
charter 3 attested by the archbishop of York, and by 12 of the clergy and 
laymen who attested the charter of Hugh de Laval, confirming his own 
gifts and those of Robert de Lascy to the monks of La Charite at Kirkby 
(Pontefract), and to which, if genuine, the date 1123-1124 may be assigned. 
As Henry's charter is of very doubtful authenticity, and was never subse- 
quently exemplified, it has not been included in this collection. 

Alric, or Elric, and Swane his son held a number of manors under Ilbert 
de Lascy at the Survey, some of which Alric had held in the time of King 
Edward.* It is also significant that the heirs general of Swane's son, 
Adam, held an extensive district in East Lancashire, known formerly as 
Kaskenmore, now comprising the townships of Oldham and Crompton. 5 
Swane also obtained from Henry I, during the period 1121-1129, an exten- 
sive lordship in Cumberland, comprising Blencarn, Skirwith, Culgaith, 
Ainstable, and Melmerby. 6 Henry son of Swane, younger brother of 
Adam, obtained from Henry I Edenhall and Langwathby. He was a 
vassal of David, king of Scots, whose charters he frequently attested ; but 
dying without issue in 1172 his Cumberland estate reverted to Henry II, 
who gave Edenhall to Peter de Brus I. 7 

The circumstance that Adam son of Swane and his heirs general pos- 
sessed an interest in Kilnsey, Bordley and Hetton suggests the possibility 

1 R. Mag. Pip., 31 Hen. I, 142. * ib., 25. 

3 Chartul. of Pontefract, n. 72. ' V. C. H. Yorks., ii, 163. 
* Testa, 405. ib., 379^. T ib., 379. 



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LASCY FEE: ADAM SON OF SWANE 319 

of Matilda, his wife, having been a kinswoman of Godard de Boivill of 
Copeland. Adam's chief act was his foundation of a monastery of the 
Cluniac order in honour of St. Mary Magdalene at the Lund, or Laund, 
in Bretton, now Monkbretton. 1 This act has usually been attributed to 
the year 1156, but n. 1475 shows that the monastery was in existence in 
1153-1154 as a filiation of the priory of St. John, Pontefract. 

In 1 158 Adam son of Swane was an accountant to the crown of the farm 
of Doncaster, and also of Tynedale with the noutgeld. 2 He died about 
Midsummer, 1159, as appears by the account of the farm of Doncaster at 
the ensuing Michaelmas, when ^45 was due from his heirs, whilst ,15 for 
the last quarter of the year was accounted for by Alan de Doncastre and 
his fellows. 3 In the reign of Stephen, if not earlier, Peter son of Assolf, or 
Adam de Birkin his son, had been enfeoflfed, possibly by Adam son of 
Swane, of a knight's fee in Havercroft, Stainborough, Lepton, Mirfield, 
Shitlington and Flockton. This fee descended in the line of Birkin and 
Everingham, who held it during the first half of the I3th century of the 
Burghs, heirs general of Adam son of Swane. The pedigree opposite 
illustrates the later descent of this fee. In 1 166 William de Nevill (in right 
of Amabel, his wife, eldest daughter and coheir of Adam son of Swane) held 
of Henry de Lascy 8 knights' fees, except 2os. which Henry de Lascy yearly 
paid (to the crown). 4 In 1235-36 Richard Alencon held 2 fees; Eudes de 
Lungvilers, for the land of Roger de Muntebegon, 2 fees ; and Geoffrey de 
Nevill, for the land of the same Roger, 2 fees. 5 Thomas de Burgh also 
held 2 fees, one being one of the 2 fees mentioned in the feodary of that 
date, which Thomas de Birkin held. 



1664. Notification by Adam son of Swen to William, archbishop of 
York, of his confirmation to the canons of Nostell of the gift 
made to them by his father, Swen son of Ailric, by the hand 
of archbishop Thurstan, of the church of Hodroyd (i.e. 
Felkirk) with i carucate, a mediety of the church of 
Mexborough, the church of Adwick(-on-Dearne), Wintersett 
with 2 carucates and in Crofton 8 bovates ; gift also of 
4 bovates in Brampton(-Byerlaw) for the soul of Matilda 
his wife. 1143-1154. 6 

Chartul. of Nostell; Vesp. E. xix, f. 17^ (old p. 32); Dodsw. MS. 
cxxxviii, f. 10. 

Willelmo Dei gratia archipresuli Eboracensi et .cunctis 
futuris archiepiscopis totique capitulo Sancti Petri et cunctis 
fidelibus tarn clericis quam laicis Eboracisire et propriis suis 
heredibus et successoribus Adam films Sweni salutem. Notum 
sit vestre karitati et omni future etatis posteritati me concessisse 
et presentis cartule scripto imperpetuum confirmasse elemosinam 
quam pater meus Swenus filius Alrici fecit et concessit ecclesie 
Dei et Sancti Oswaldi de Most!' et canonicis regularibus in eadem 
ecclesia Deo servientibus per manum Thurstini archiepiscopi : 
scilicet, ecclesiam de Hoderode cum una carucata terre et cum 

1 For some account of the foundation see Hunter, South Yorks., ii, 271 et seq. 

* Pipe R., 4 Hen. II, 179. * M., 5 Hen. II, 63. 
4 RedBk.,$2$. 6 Testa, 365. 

Probably 1153-1154. 



3 20 



EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 



omnibus ipsi ecclesie pertinentibus, et dimidiam ecclesiam de 
Mekesburg' cum omnibus que ad earn pertinent, et ecclesiam 
de Addewic similiter, et Wintersetam cum duabus carrucatis 
terre et cum omnibus que ad eandem villam pertinent et in bosco 
et in piano ; et in Croftona octo bovatas terre. Et ego Adam 
dedi et concessi pro anima uxoris mee Matildis iiii. bovatas terre 
in Bramtona. Volo ergo et precipio firmiter pro salute anime 
mee et omnium heredum meorum ut ilia elemosina patris mei et 
matris mee atque mea sit libera et quieta sicut ulla elemosina 
liberior et quietior est ab omni servitio seculari ; ut anima patris 
mei et matris mee atque mea per misericordiam Dei sint libere 
ab omni potestate diaboli et ab omni pena et tormento gehennali. 
Valete. Hujus mee concessionis et confirmationis testes sunt 
qui presentes fuere, Robertus scilicet Boscher, etc. 

1665. Notification by Adam son of Swane of his gift to prior Adam 
and the monks of St. Mary Magdalene of Lund in Bretton, 
of the land of (Monk) Bretton, the mills of Dearne and his 
father's lawn, land between Dearne and Staincliff unto 
Merebrook ; also Newhill (Grange), Rainborough (Grange), 
Linthwaite, and what he had in Brampton (Byerlow). 
1154-1159. 

Chartul.of Monk Bretton at Woolley Hall, f. 9 ; Chartul. of Monk Bretton, 
Lansd. MS. 405, ff. 3^, 24. Pd. in Mon. Angl.,\, 136, n. I. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie fidelibus clericis et laicis 
Adam films Suani salutem. Notum vobis facio me concessisse 
et dedisse pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et successorum 
meorum Deo et Sancte Marie Magdalene de Lunda et domino 
Ade qui tune temporis prior erat de Brettona et monachis qui 1 
ibidem Deo servient, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, Bret- 
tonam cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus et molendinis de 
Derna 2 et lundam patris mei et quicquid habetur inter Dirnam 
et Stainclyff 3 usque Meresbrok, 4 ; Newhala et Rainesbergam 5 
et Lintuait et quicquid habeam 6 in Bramtona. Ista omnia sub 
presentis carte attestatione confirmo et concede ut quieta et 
libera teneant et possideant de me et heredibus meis sicut puram 
decet elemosinam in perpetuum. Hujus donationis testes sunt 
Alexander et Ricardus filii mei, 7 Efwardus de Almaneburi et 
Robertus frater ejus, Dolfin de Aluelai et Willelmus et Henricus 
filii ejus et Siwardus frater ejus, Herbertus presbiter, Thomas 
de Dertona, Barnardus de Silkestona et Ricardus filius ejus, 
Alanus de Brettona et Adam et Ricardus fratres sui, Ricardus 
filius Herding et frater ejus, Matheus de Oxspring, Suanus de 
Holand, Aelsi Bacun. 

1 " monachis ibidem Deo servientibus " ; Lansd. MS., f. 24. 

* "Dirna" ; ib., f. 3^. and f. 24. "Stanclif"; f. 3</. 

* "Meresbruc"; ib. (both). 8 " Rapnesburgam " ; ib. 

* "habebam"; ib. 7 " et multialii"; ib. 



LASCY FEE: MONK BRETTON, SILKSTONE 32! 

1666. Grant by Adam son of Swane to the monks of Lund (in 
Bretton) of tithe of colts grazing on his demesne wherever 
he has flocks of mares ; and confirmation of the rent which 
Raven de Halcton used to render to Swane son of Ailric 
(father of the grantor), and Robert son of Raven rendered to 
the grantor after the death of his father. ^.1145-1159. 

Chartul. of Monk Bretton, Lansd. MS. 415, f. 3<f; ib. at Woolley Hall, 
f. 



Noverint universi presentes literas lecturi quod ego Adam 
films Swani pro salute anime mee concedo per annos singulos 
ecclesie Marie Magdalene 1 de Lunda et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus omnem decimam pullorum agrestium totius dominii 
mei ubicumque fuerint equarum greges. Concedo etiam eis 
totam firmam quam Raven du Hihtun 2 solebat reddere Swano 
filio Eilric et Robertus films Ravanni reddidit mini post mortem 
patris sui. Hanc donationem feci 3 in liberam et perpetuam 
elemosinam pro remedio anime mee et heredum meorum. 

1667. Notification of Adam son of Swane to Roger, archbishop of 
York, of his confirmation to the church of La Charite and 
monks of Pontefract of the church of Silkstone with 6 
bovates and the chapels and tithes belonging to that church. 
1154-1159. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 6id. Pd. in Chartul. of 
Pontefr., n. 369. 

Domino et patri R[ogero] Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo 
et omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
Adam filius Suani salutem. Sciatis omnes quod ego Adam films 
Suani pro amore Dei et pro salute anime mee et patris mei et 
matris mee et omnium antecessorum et heredum meorum con- 
cessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Karitate et ejusdem ecclesie filiis, monachis de Ponte- 
fracto in ecclesia Beati Johannis Ewangeliste Deo ibidem servi- 
entibus, ecclesiam de Silkistuna cum sex bovatis terre et earum 
pertinentiis in eadem villa cum capellis et terris et decimis et 
cum omnibus ad eandem ecclesiam pertinentibus, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam ad suam et hospitum sustentationem sine 
omni retenemento mei vel heredum meorum, liberam et quietam 
ab omnibus terrenis impedimentis. Et ego et heredes mei pre- 
fate ecclesie et prefatis monachis predictam ecclesiam warentiza- 
bimus per totum contra omnes homines. Hiis testibus, Rogero 
archiepiscopo, Henrico de Lascy, Osberto archidiacono, Henrico 
fratre meo, Suano de Derefeld et aliis. 

1668. Grant by Adam son of Swane to the monks of Lund of 
Carlton with the appurtenances and the church of Royston 

1 " Sancte Marie " only ; Chartul. at Woolley Hall. 
* " Halcton " ; ib. * " facio " ; ib. 

Ill X 



322 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

so far as it pertained to him, with other alms already given 

to them. ^.1155-1159. 

Chartul. of Monk Bretton, at Woolley Hall, f. gd. 

Adam filius Swani omnibus hominibus suis et arnicis Francis 
et Anglicis tarn futuris quam presentibus salutem. Sciatis et 
notum sit vobis me dedisse et concessisse Deo et Sancte Marie 
Magdalene de Lunda et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
Carletuniam cum suis pertinentibus et ecclesiam de Rorestune in 
quantum ad me pertinet in puram et perpetuam elemosinam cum 
aliis elemosinis quas eidem loco dedi in bosco et piano et pratis 
et aquis et pascuis. Hiis testibus, Henrico fratre meo, Rainaldo 
priore de Wederhale, Waltero nepote meo, Gospatricio filio Orm, 
Alano nepote meo et aliis multis. 

Henry, brother of the donor, was the holder of Langwathby and Eden 
Hall in Cumberland, 1 a circumstance which may explain the presence of 
Rainald, prior of Wetherhal, and Gospatric, the ancestor of the Curwens, 
at the execution of this charter. Adam's principal charter to Monk Bretton 
was attested by his sons, Alexander and Richard, who probably pre-deceased 
their father, or may have been illegitimate. Walter and Alan, here named 
as Adam's nephews, may have been the sons of Henry of Eden Hall. If 
so, they too seem to have predeceased their father, who is not known to 
have left any heir at his death in 1172. 

1669. Notification of Adam son of Swane of his gift to the church 
of St. John of Pontefract of the place of St. Mary Magdalene, 
which he has founded at Lund ; for which gift a year's obit 
is to be done for him at the church of La Charite (sur Loire) 
and at . Pontefract, also his anniversary there, and in other 
houses of the order a trental ; also provisions as to the 
appointment of a prior and monks at Lund. ^.1154-1159. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 63. Pd. in Ckartul. of 
Pontefr^ n. 380 ; Man. Angl., v, 138, n. 10. 

Domino Eboracensi archiepiscopo et omnibus fidelibus sancte 
matris ecclesie Adam filius Suani salutem. Sciatis quod ego 
donavi ecclesie Sancti Johannis de Pontefracto ad religionem 
locum ilium Sancte Marie Magdalene de Lunda quem ego fundavi 
in patrimonio meo ad opus monachorum qui ibidem Deo regulariter 
servient pro animabus patris et matris mee et pro salute mea 
et successorum meorum. Propter hoc beneficium concessum est 
mihi annale pro me fieri in matrice sua ecclesia de Karitate, et 
in domo sua de Pontefracto unum annale, et singulis annis ibidem 
anniversarium meum, et in omnibus locis suis ubi ordo tenetur 
tricenarium ; in aliis vero quantum pro uno monacho Cluniacensi. 
Adam vero prior ejusdem loci adquisitor et primus fundator cum 
a Pontefracto discesserit in eodem loco de Lunda manebit quamdiu 
vixerit custos et prior domus. Post cujus decessum prior de 
Pontefracto et monachi ejusdem loci consilio meo et heredum 

1 Pipe R., $ Hen. II, 32. 



LASCY FEE: CARLTON, MONK BRETTON 323 

meorum alios qui idonei sint in loco ejus substituent. Et si forte 
aliquis frater de Pontefracto pro negotio domus sue in loco 
competenti ad me venerit, si honeste fieri poterit, cibis quibus 
vescor et ipse mecum vescetur. Hujus rei gratia unoquoque 
anno marcam imam argenti a domo ilia de Lunda ecclesie Sancti 
Johannis de Pontefracto constitui debere persolvi ad recognitionem. 
Hujus conventionis testes sunt, Osbertus archidiaconus, Radulfus 
dapifer, Ernaldus et Robertus capellani, Thomas dapifer mona- 
chorum. 



1670. Confirmation by Roger, archbishop of York, of the gift made 
by Adam son of Swane to the church of Pontefract of the 
monastery of St. Mary Magdalene of Lund which he founded 
by the archbishop's advice on his patrimony, so that Adam, 
prior of Pontefract, the first founder and purchaser of the 
place (of Lund), after his withdrawal from Pontefract shall 
dwell there as prior and keeper during his life, and after his 
decease the monks of Pontefract shall appoint his successor ; 
they shall have i mark yearly from that place as pension. 
1154-1159. 

Chartul. of Pontefract, at Woolley Hall, f. 12. Pd. in Chartul. of Ponte- 
t^ n. 46. 






R[ogerus] Dei gratia Eboracensis archiepiscopus omnibus 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris salutem in 
Domino. Justis postulationibus celerem debemus prebere 
assensum. Inde est quod ad petitionem dilecti filii nostri Ade 
filii Suani donationem quam idem Adam fecit ecclesie Sancti 
Johannis de Pontefracto et monachis Deo ibidem servientibus nos 
earn ratam habemus et attestamur et confirmamus. Donavit vero 
et subjecit predictus Adam filius Suani predicte ecclesie Sancti 
Johannis de Pontefracto ad religionem locum ilium Sancte Marie 
Magdalene de Lunda quem ipse ex consilio nostro in patrimonio 
suo fundavit ad opus monachorum qui ibidem Deo in perpetuum 
regulariter servient, pro animabus patris sui et matris sue et sua 
et omnium successorum suorum. Adam vero tune prior de 
Pontefracto, ejusdem loci adquisitor et primus fundator, cum a 
Pontefracto discesserit in eodem loco de Lunda manebit quamdiu 
vixerit prior et custos domus. Post cujus decessum prior de 
Pontefracto et monachi ejusdem loci [consilio Ade filii Swani et 
heredum suorum] x alios qui idonei sint in loco ejus substituent. 
Recipient vero monachi de Pontefracto ab eodem loco de Lunda 
singulis annis in perpetuum unam marcam argenti nomine 
pensionis. Hiis testibus, R[oberto] decano, Osberto archidiacono, 
Willelmo cappellano, Adam de Brodewrd, Arnaldo, Roberto, 

1 An erasure in the MS. The words in brackets have been added from the sense 
of Adam's charter. 



324 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Adam, Gregorio capell[anis] de Pontefracto, Thoma senescallo 
monachorum. 

1671- Letter of G. prior of La Charite (sur Loire) and the convent to 
Adam son of Swane giving directions as to the election of a 
prior to the house of Monk Bretton. c.i 154-1 159. 
Printed in Man. Angl., v. 136, n. 2. 

Excellentissimo nimiumque dilecto ac amico speciali et bene- 
factori suo Ade filio Suani frater G[ ] humilis ecclesie de 

Caritate minister ac totus ejusdem ecclesie conventus salutes et 
orationes ad Dominum. Magnitudini vestre O karissime domine 
ex intimo corde nostro universi nos referimus gratias pro tanta 
dilectione et liberalitate vestra quam dudum domui et fratribus 
nostris benignitas vestra exaudire dignata est. Cognoscimus 
equidem valde letamur quanto nobilitatis vestre erga religionem et 
ordinem nostrum amore constringimur dum novam illam domum 
de Bretton pro remedio anime vestre necnon et patris vestri 
omniumque parentum vestrorum et amicorum tam insigniter et 
tam devote a vobis efficaciter, vestra potissimum provisione 
disponi desideratis. Est igitur ut per latores presentium didi- 
cimus vestra voluntas ut priorem illi domui de Bretton et ceteros 
qui ordinis strenui propugnatores existant ex fratribus nostris 
tam de Pontefracto quam de aliis domibus nostris per Angliam 
constitutis fratres idoneos eligatis, prior autem qui ibidem semel 
constitutus fuerit nequaquam inde summoveatur. Concedimus 
vero imperpetuum monachis de Brettone ibidem Deo famulantibus 
post decessum prioris sui consilio capituli sui de Bretton priorem 
de domo suo eligere qui secundum Deum ordinem monasticum et 
Beati Benedicti regulam in domo de Bretton observabit. Prior 
vero de Pontefracto si fuerit requisitus a conventu de Bretton 
veniet in propria persona apud Bretton [et] in capitulum intrabit 
cum advocatis ejusdem domus de Bretton ad electionem prioris et 
creationem. Hanc igitur petitionem vestram salutiferam idone- 
amque probantes ex communi totius capituli nostri consensu 
laudamus simulque concedimus. Preterea domino Ade, viro per 
cuncta laudabili, cujus consilio tam salubre opus incepistis, precipi- 
mus ut inceptis devote insistat et viriliter peragat. Quia denique 
tot tantaque beneficia conspectui per vestrum cotidie offeruntur 
obsequium imperpetuum concedimus, divinam clementiam jugiter 
exorantes quatinus immensa caritate sua ab omnibus adversi- 
tatibus vestris et malis custodial et post consummatum hujus vite 
bravium ad regnum suum celeste inducat. 

1672. Notitia of the gift made by Orm son of Thor to the church 
of St. Oswald of Nostell, when Robert the physician healed 
him of his infirmity, of 2 bovates in Crofton with 3 villeins for 
a yearly rent of \2d. ; and release of the land of Akenshaw 



LASCY FEE: MONK BRETTON, CROFTON 325 

upon condition that, if Robert (the physician) have an heir 
the heir shall hold it by that service, but if not, it shall 
remain to the church for the soul of Orm. 11331153. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 32 (old p. 65). 

In ilia die qua Ormus films Thor venit primitus ad ecclesiam 
Sancti Oswaldi postquam Robertus medicus sanaverat eum ab 
infirmitate quam habuit, posuit manum suam super altare et 
dedit ei duas bovetas in Croftona et tres villanos, scilicet Leueri- 
cum et Ailwinum et Wviet, et rodas suas, ad serviendum Deo et 
Sancto Oswaldo singulis annis pro duodecim denariis recognitionis. 
Insuper dedit terram de Akensache quietam Sancto Oswaldo, 
tali conditione quod si Rodbertus habuisset heredem teneret 
prefatam terram eodem servitio, sin autem remaneret quieta 
ecclesie pro anima ipsius Ormi. Teste Adwaldo prelato et 
magistro Ascia et Willelmo canonico filio Arnulf et Godefrido 
canonico et Adam grammatico et magistro Rogero gardinario 
et Dolfino de Chinesleche et Stanart de Sarvestona et Azelin 
Daie. 

1673. Notification of Ralph son of Urselin, the king's butler, to 

Roger, archbishop of York, and the chapter of St. Peter's, 
of his confirmation to the canons of Nostell of all that they 
held of Henry de Lascy in Crofton subject to a yearly rent of 
5.?. to the grantor. 1154-1177. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 32 (old p. 65) ; Dodsw. MS. cxxxviii, 
f. 2id. 

Venerabili Dei gratia Eboracensi archiepiscopo R[ogero] 
totique capitulo Eboracensi omnibusque ecclesie Dei fidelibus 
et filiis universisque heredibus et successoribus suis Radulfus 
films Urselini, pincerna regis, salutem. Notum sit dilectioni 
vestre me concessisse ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem 
Deo servientibus totam tenuram suam quam tenuerunt de 
Henrico de Laceio in Croftona liberam, solutam, et quietam ab 
omni seculari servitio, sicut unquam melius et quietius tenuerunt 
tempore ejusdem Henrici, preter quinque solidos quos dabunt mihi 
singulis annis ad Pentecosten. Hujus rei testes sunt Willelmus 
presbiter, Lambertus medicus, Stephanus filius Radulfi, Nicholaus 
films Huberti, Ansketillus de Malnvers, Thomas filius Petri, 
Simon scutarius. 

Ralph son of Urselin attested a charter of Roger de Magnevill in the 
time of the empress Matilda (</. H67). 1 

1674. Confirmation by Henry son of Swane of the gift of Swane son 

of Ailric, his father, to the canons of Nostell of all Wintersett, 
the church of Adwick(-on-Dearne), the grantor's part of the 

1 Round, CaL of Docs. France, n. 934- 



326 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

church of Mexborough, and 8 bovates in Crofton. 



Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 17 d (old p. 32). 

Henricus filius Swani omnibus fidelibus salutem. Sciatis 
quod ego concede donum et confirmo quod fecit Swain filius 
Ailric pater meus canonicis Sancti Oswaldi in puram elemosinam, 
scilicet, totam Wintersetfam] in bosco et piano, et ecclesiam de 
Haddewic, et quantum mihi pertinet de ecclesia de Mechesburg, 
et viii. carucatas 1 terre in Croftona. Hujus rei sunt testes 
Swain decanus, etc. 

1675. Grant by Henry son of Swane, for the soul of Adam, his 

brother, to the canons of Nostell of the land of Haw (in 
Wintersett) and the ridding which William the priest of 
Crofton held of the donor. 1159-1172. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. i?d (old p. 32). 

Henricus filius Swani omnibus heredibus suis et omnibus 
sancte matris ecclesie filiis tam clericis quam laicis salutem. 
Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et presentis scripti attestatione 
confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancti Oswaldi et canonicis ibidem 
Deo servientibus, pro anima patris et matris mee et Ade fratris 
mei et omnium antecessorum meorum et pro anima mea et 
omnium heredum meorum, totam terram de Hou in bosco et in 
piano et in omnibus que ad eandem Hou pertinent, et illam sartam 
quam Willelmus presbiter de Croftona de me tenuit [cum] omnibus 
pertinentiis ad eandem sartam, in puram et liberam elemosinam, 
quietam et solutam ab omni seculari servitio de me et de heredi- 
bus meis et de omnibus hominibus. Hiis testibus, etc. 

Charters of Roger de Montbegon, Gerard de Glanvill and William de 
Nevill and Amabel his wife, daughter and coheir of Adam son of Swane, 
follow the above in the Chartulary. 

1676. Grant by Henry son of Swane to the monks of Lund of 8s. 

of rent from | carucate in Wrangbrook which Ellis son of 
Hervey held of him. 1158-1172. 

Chartul. of Monkbretton, Lansd. MS. 405, f. 4. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis Henricus filius Suani 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse Deo et Sancte Marie Magdalene 
de Lunda et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus viii. solidos de 
redditu annuatim, solute et libere in puram elemosinam, pro 
anima [mea] et patris et matris mee et sponse mee et omnium 
predecessorum meorum, de dimidia carucata terre in Warangebroc 
quam Elias filius Hervei tenuit de me. Testibus: Rainerio 
Flameng, etc. 

1 Sic for " bovatas." 



LASCY FEE: CROFTON, NORTH ELMS ALL 327 

1677. Grant by Roger de Montbegon, for the soul .of Adam son of 
Swane, to the monks of (Monk-)bretton of all his land in 
Wrangbrook (in North Elmsall), namely 4 bovates. 1180- 
1198. 

Chartul. of Monkbretton, at Woolley Hall, f. 179. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Rogerus de Montbegun 
dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Deo et Sancte Marie Magdalene 
de Brittona et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro anima mea 
et pro anima Ade filii Swani et pro animabus patris et matris et 
pro animabus omnium antecessorum meorum, totam terram in 
Wrangebroke, scilicet quatuor bovatas, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis in bosco et piano, in pratis et aquis et pascuis, in introitibus et 
exitibus, solutam et quietam ab omni servitio seculari et exactione 
in puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Hiis testibus : Willelmo 
presbitero, Willelmo de Peningestona, Simone fratre suo, Johanne 
Tyrel, Henrico de Byry, et aliis. 

1678. Confirmation by Adam de Montbegon and Matilda his wife 

to the monks of Lund of whatever Adam son of Swane gave 
them pertaining to the grantor's pourparty by reason of his 
marriage to the younger daughter (and coheir of the said 
Adam son of Swane), and of their moiety of Carlton and 
mediety of the church of Royston. 1159-1171. 

Chartul. of Monkbretton, at Woolley Hall, f. lod. Pd. in Man. Angl., 
v, 138, n. 6. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
notum sit et manifestum quod ego Adam de Mumbegun et 
Matildis sponsa mea unanimiter concedimus et presentis carte 
attestatione confirmamus ecclesie Sancte Marie Magdalene de 
Lunda et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 1 libere, solute et 
quiete, quicquid Adam films Suani eis concessit, donavit et con- 
firmavit, scilicet in bosco et piano, in molendinis et aquis, omnino 
sicut ipsemet Adam eis melius et liberius concessit in universis 
que pertinent ad portionem meam ex hereditario jure junioris 
filie quam legitimo mihi desponsavi conjugio. Concedimus etiam 
predictis monachis et presenti ibidem carla confirmamus pro 
salute anime ejusdem Ade filii Suani et anime mee et uxoris 
mee partem nostram de Carletun, videlicet plenariam medietatem 
ipsius ville et quecunque ad earn pertinent, ecclesie quoque de 
Rorestun medietatem que portioni mee contingit et ipsius uxoris 
mee in quantum ad nos pertinet in liberam et puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Hujus rei testes sunt, Rainerus filius Suani, Wal- 
terius Flandrensis, Adam filius Petri et Rogerius frater ejus, 
Ricardus filius Herding, Henricus filius Dolfini, Thomas filius 

1 " famulantibus " ; Man. Angl, loc. cit. 



->28 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

j 

Suani, Adam Brun, Ricardus de Reulent, 1 Rogerus de Loccedal, 
Utredus films Suenebern, 2 Ailsi Bacun, Hubertus de Ckiu, 3 et 
aliis. 

Then follow : (a) a similar confirmation by Geoffrey de Nevill and 
Mabel his wife, attested by : Robert de Skeknes, Peter de Nevill, Robert 
son of Adam, Roger de Notion, John parson of Felekirke, William son of 
John, William de Grimestorp, Richard Brasard, Ralph de Rupe, Robert de 
Deneby ; * (b) a confirmation by William de Nevill and Amabil his wife, 
including confirmation of 4 bovates in Wrangebroc ; attested by Rainer clerk 
of Derefeld, Serlo clerk of Mirefeld, Hugh his brother, William de Nof- 
marche, Adam son of Norman ; * (c) a confirmation by Thomas de Burgo. ' 

This and other charters of Monk Bretton printed in the Monasticon are 
said to be derived from the originals formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York. 

1679. Confirmation by John Malherbe and Matilda his wife to the 
monks of Lund of whatever Adam son of Swane had given, 
pertaining to the grantor's fee, and Carlton, that is a moiety 
of the town, and the mediety of the church of Royston 
which belonged to their pourparty. 1172-1181. 
Chartul. of Monk Bretton, at Woolley Hall, f. 12. Pd. in Man. Angl,, v, 
138, n. 9. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
notum sit et manifestum quod ego Johannes Malherbe et Matildis 
sponsa mea unanimiter concedimus et presentis carte attestatione 
confirmamus 7 ecclesie Sancte Marie Magdalene de Lunda et 
monachis ibidem Deo famulantibus, libere, solute et quiete, 
quicquid Adam films Suani eis concessit, donavit et confirmavit, 
scilicet in bosco et piano, in molendinis et aquis, omnino sicut 
ipsemet Adam eis melius et liberius concessit in universis que 
pertinent ad portionem meam ex hereditario jure junioris filie 
quam legitimo mihi desponsavi conjugio. Concedimus etiam 
predictis monachis et presenti ibidem carta confirmamus pro 
salute anime ejusdem Ade filii Suani et anime mee et uxoris mee 
et antecessorum nostrorum partem nostram de Carletun, videlicet 
plenariam medietatem ipsius ville et quecunque ad earn pertinent, 
ecclesie quoque de Rorestune medietatem que portioni mee con- 
tingit et ipsius uxoris mee in quantum ad nos pertinet in liberam 
et puram et perpetuam elemosinam. Hujus rei testes sunt, 
Ricardus capellanus, Ranulfus de Morles, Willelmus de Lamber- 
villa, 8 Gaulfridus Malerb, Willelmus filius Ade, Rogerus Tirel, 
Rogerus de Mund[be]gun, Willelmus de Rorestun, Eustachius 
filius Johannis filii Esscolf, et alii, 9 [Gaufridus Gerner, Ranulfus 
Malerb, etc.]. 10 

1 "Ruelent"; ib. ' "Incbern"; ib. 3 "Chici"; ib. 

Chartul., f. u. e ib., f. lid. ib.,i. 12. 

1 The commencement of the charter before "ego," and " et . . . confirmamus," 
omitted in Mon. Angl. 

8 " Cambervilla " ; Mon. Angl. 

"Gaulfridus . . . et alii" omitted ib. 

10 The last two names occur only in Mon. Angl., and may be corrupt. 






LASCY PEE: CARLTON, ROYSTON, WORSBOROUGH 329 

1680. Confirmation by John Malherbe and Matilda his wife, 
daughter of Adam son of Swane, of lands within his fee given 
to the monks of Rievaulx in Worsborough, Stainborough and 
Pilley. 1172-1181. 

Chartul. of Rievaulx, Jul. D. i, f. 66 (old f. 62). Pd. in the Chartulary, 
n. 107. 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Johannes Malherbe et uxor 
ejus Matildis, filia Ade filii Suani, salutem. Notum sit vobis nos 
concessisse et dedisse et presenti carta nostra confirmasse Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie Rievallis et monachis ibidem Deo servi- 
entibus, pro animabus patrum et matrum et omnium parentum 
nostrorum et pro salute nostra et heredum nostrorum, in liberam 
et perpetuam elemosinam duas acras terre cum omnibus per- 
tinentiis suis in territorio de Wirkeburg super ripam Duve contra 
domos eorum quas habent in territorio de Stainburg de donatione 
Ade filii Petri liberas et quietas ab omni terreno servitio et 
exactione seculari quas Henricus filiis Suani illis dedit et carta 
sua confirmavit. Hac autem terra et aqua que ad eandem terram 
pertinet utentur in omnibus pro voluntate sua prefati monachi ad 
usus suos et ad aisiamenta sua et nos et heredes nostri earn illis 
contra omnes homines warantizabimus et tarn hanc quam alias 
terras eorum in feudo nostro et ipsos monachos manutenebimus ; 
terram etiam quam habent in feudo nostro de donatione Ade - 
filii Orm illis in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam confirmamus 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis sicut ipse Adam earn illis dedit et 
carta sua confirmavit. Preterea ubi contigue sunt pascue eorum 
cum pascuis nostris si forte pasturas nostras vel hominum 
nostrorum devenerint averie eorum, nullum eis molestiam nos 
vel homines nostri inferemus sed sine molestia et fatigatione 
removebimus ; terram etiam quam Willelmus filius Godrici illis 
dedit et carta sua confirmavit secundum tenorem carte ejusdem 
Willelmi in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam concedimus et 
confirmamus illis. Histestibus, Benedicto de Eboraco capellano, 
Ricardo capellano, Radulfo capellano de Wirkeburg, Dodone 
Bardulfo, Roberto de Sancto Martino, Roberto de Uercorol, Wil- 
lelmo de Agnell[is], Willelmo Bigot, Willelmo filio Ade, Willelmo 
de Prestona, Johanne filio Asolfi, 1 Ricardo filio Ardingi et aliis 
multis. 

Amabel, the elder daughter and coheir of Adam son of Swane, married 
William de Nevill before n66. 2 Matilda, the younger daughter, married 
first Adam de Montbegon, after whose death in 1171 or 1172 3 she married 
John Malherbe of Appleby, co. Lincoln.* This date of the confirmation is 
therefore Ii72-midsummer* 1181, when John Malherbe died. 5 In the 
ensuing year Matilda his relict rendered account of .100 for the custody of 
Appleby, co. Lincoln, and her heir, for which she had made fine with the 
king.' 

1 " Axolf" in MS. * Red Bk., 423. 8 Pipe R., 18 Hen. II, 65. 

4 it., 12 Hen. II, 7. ib., 27 Hen. II, 61. #., 28 Hen. II, 57. 



330 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

1681. Confirmation by William de Nevill and Amabel his wife to 

Uctred son of Ravenchil of 9! bovates in Walton, to hold 
by knight's service, as Adam son of Swane gave them to 
him; and grant of 2\ bovates in Lepton, which Richard, 
brother of the said Uctred, held, to hold by knight's service, 
2 bovates thereof being in consideration of his acquittance of 
the land of Kexbrough. 1159-^.1180. 
From a series of chs. transcribed by Chr. Towneley, in Dodsw. MS. liii, 

f. 59. 

Willelmus de Nevill omnibus hominibus suis et amicis tarn 
presentibus quam futuris salutem. Sciatis me et uxorem meam 
Amabillam concessisse Uctredo filio Ravenchil ad tenendum de 
me et de meis heredibus terram de Waletuna, scilicet novem 
bovatas et dimidiam libere et per servitium militis sicuti Adam 
films Suani dedit illi pro suo servitio. Preterea sciatis quod ego 
et uxor mea Amabilla dedimus illi et suis heredibus duas bovatas 
[et] dimidiam terre in Leptuna cum pertinentiis quas Ricardus 
suus frater tenuit, ad tenendum de nobis et de nostris heredibus 
libere per servitium militis et nominatim illas duas bovatas illi 
dedimus pro quietantia terre de Kesceburg. Testibus : Thoma 
filio Suani, Ricardo filio Bernardi, Hugone de Lunvilers, Galfrido 
Delamare, Ada filio Oeni (? Orm) de Brireley, magistro Normanno 
de Em[lei ?].* Valete. 

1 682. Letter of Godfrey de Lucy, Josceline, archdeacon of Chichestef , 
and William Vavasor to Bernard, prior of Newburgh, and 
master Bartholomew, officials of the archbishopric of York, 
declaring that the complaint between the prior and convent 
of Nostell and William de Nevill touching the advowson of 
a mediety of the church of Adwick(-on-Dearne) was at an 
end; wherefore they shall not hesitate to receive the parson 
to be presented by the canons to the said church. 1 187-1 188. 

Chartul. of Nostell ; Vesp. E. xix, f. 68^ (old p. 154). 
G[odefridus] de Luci et J[ocelinus] archidiaconus Cistrensis 
ecclesie et Willelmus Vavasor B[ernardo] priori de Neuburc et 
magistro Bartholomeo, officialibus archiepiscopatus Eboracensis, 
salutem. Sciatis quod querela que vertebatur inter priorem et 
canonicos Sancti Oswaldi et Willelmum de Novavilla de advoca- 
tione medietatis ecclesie de Adewic, sicut cirographum prioris et 
predictorum canonicorum et Willelmi de Novavilla testatur, coram 
nobis finita est. Idcirco vobis mandamus quod non dimittatis, 
propter jus quod predictus Willelmus clamabat in prefata ecclesia, 
recipere idoneam personam quam prefati canonici presentaverint 
vobis ad predictam ecclesiam. 

This letter from the justices in eyre was issued in the year which ended 
at Michaelmas, i i88, 2 and obviously during the voidance of the see of York. 

1 or perhaps " Tin ..." z Eyton, Itin. of Hen. //, 291. 



LASCY FEE: WALTON, ADWICK, CAWTHORNE 331 

1683. Grant by William de Nevill to the canons of Marton of an 
acre of arable land in Cawthorne with a toft and a croft and 
liberty to make a hedge and ditch around the dwelling-house 
which he gave them. 1190-1213. 

From the original, formerly in Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. vii, f. 177^. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de 
Nevill' dedi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et Beate 
Marie de Marton et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, in liberam, 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam, unum toftum in Calthorn et 
unam acram terre arabilis in territorio ejusdem ville, illud scilicet 
toftum cum crofto et omnibus suis pertinentiis quod Adam films 
Johannis tenuit in eadem villa et illam acram quam Robertus 
messator tenuit, tenenda et habenda de me et heredibus meis 
libera et quieta ab omnibus servitiis et consuetudinibus quecunque 
terre pertinent. Et ego Willelmus et heredes mei dictis canonicis 
predictum toftum cum crofto et omnibus suis pertinentiis, et 
acram predictam contra omnes homines warantizabimus, adquie- 
tabimus et defendemus. Preterea eisdem canonicis concessi ut 
circumfodiant et sepiant totam mansionem suam quam dedi 
dictis canonicis, simul cum tofto et crofto de quibus fit mentio 
in hac carta. Et ut hec mea donatio firmum robur habeat in 
perpetuum presens scriptum sigillo meo confirmavi. Hiis testibus, 
Gilberto de Atun, Willelmo Bussell, Radulfo de Bollebec, Johanne 
de Doli, Waltero Boy, Adam filio Thome de Pikering, Ernaldo 
de Aslackeby et aliis. 

1684. Confirmation by dame Mabel de Nevill, daughter of William 
de Lamare, in her widowhood, to the monks of Bretton of 
whatever Geoffrey de Nevill, her late husband, gave them. 
1249-1253. 

Chartul. of Monk Bretton, Lansd. MS. 405, f. igcf. 

Universis presentes literas visuris vel audituris domina 
Mabilia de Novavilla, filia W[illelmi] de Mara, salutem in Domino. 
Noveritis me in pura viduitate et in libera potestate mei juris 
concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie Magdalene de Bretton et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, omnes terras, 
possessiones, et quicquid dominus Galfridus de Novavilla quon- 
dam maritus meus eis concessit et cartis suis confirmavit, 
in omnibus et per omnia sicut carte ipsius testantur quas inde 
habent. Et ego dicta Mabilia et heredes mei hanc predictam 
concessionem et confirmationem predictis monachis sicut puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam warantizabimus in perpetuum. Ad 
majorem autem hujus concessionis et confirmationis securitatem 



332 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

huic scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus: Johanne de 
Hoderode, etc. 

This charter is inserted in the series because this lady is usually mis- 
taken for her mother, Mabel, sister and coheir of John Malherbe, the 
younger, which Mabel married William de Lamare. The true relationship 
is disclosed by this charter and by a writ of Henry III in December, 
1229, to Geoffrey de Nevill and Mabel his wife granting that a debt of 7^ 
markSjwhich had been demanded from them in respect of a loan made during 
the campaign in Poitiers by king John to John Malherbe, uncle of the said 
Mabel, and of a loan of loj marks made during the campaign in Ireland, 
should be paid at the rate of 3 marks yearly. 1 Of the last named debt 13 
marks had been advanced to John Malherbe in I2io. 2 

1685. Grant by the prior and convent of Watton to William son of 
Robert de Deneby of land given to them by John son of 
Esulf on the east side of Heselhache, where the bounds run 
between the priest's ridding and Henry's ridding, from the 
brook of Denby to that of " Caltor " (Cawthorne) ; where the 
brooks unite it is bounded on the eastern side ; to hold for 
55-. yearly. 

From the orig. penes Lord Savile at Rufford Abbey. Abstr. in Yorks. 
Deeds, ii, n. 148. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presentibus et futuris prior et con- 
ventus de Wattona salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas 
vestra nos dimisisse et concessisse Willelmo filio Roberti de 
Deneby et heredibus suis illam terram quam nobis dedit Johannes 
films Esulfi in orientali parte de Heselhache, sicut divisa vadit 
inter sartum sacerdotis et sartum Henrici, a rivulo de Deneby 
usque ad rivulum de Caltor et sic, ipsis rivulis in unum conveni- 
entibus, ex orientali parte concluditur ; habendam et tenendam 
de nobis libere et quiete, salvo unicuique viro clamio suo, 
reddendo nobis inde annuatim pro omni servitio quinque solidos 
sterlingorum, scilicet ad Pentecosten duos solidos et sex denarios 
et ad festum Sancti Martini in hieme duos solidos et sex denarios. 
Ex si forte contigerit quod aliquis in predicta terra jus sibi 
vendicaverit et predictum Willelmum vel heredes ej'us super 
predicta terra inquietaverit, nos non tenebimur eis ad warantiam 
nee ad exscambium. Teste Deo et capitulo nostro. 

Vesica seal of white ivax much broken. Obverse : The Virgin 
sitting with the divine Child on her knees, an angel kneeling 
on the dexter: some object not decipherable in a small com- 
partment below. Legend: broken off. Reverse: A figure 
kneeling in an attitude of prayer in a house (in the lower 
part); the upper portion broken away. 

Simon son of Matthew de Denebi released to Robert son of Robert son 
of Dolfin his right in the third part of the wood of Denby, lying on the east 

1 Excerpt, e R. Fin., i, 192. * R. de Prestito, 117-221 passim. 






LASCY FEE: CAWTHORNE, HOYLAND 333 

side of Robert's house, which third part the said Robert had. The wit- 
nesses were : Thomas de Torneton bailiff of Staincros, John de Byrkyn, 
Roger his brother, Nicholas de W(o)rtlei, Peter de Byrkethwaite, Henry de 
Tancresle, Adam de Winrevill, Simon de Hunself, William de Denebi, 
Hugh de Hyndlai, William de Penigeston, Simon his brother, Adam parson 
of Hymleswrde. 1 The date is before 1227. l 

Robert son of William de Deneby attested with Robert de Byrkethwaite, 
Herbert de Caltorn and other local people a confirmation by Thomas son 
of Thomas de Burgh to Monkbretton of the gifts made by Adam son of 
Swane. 2 

The circumstance that Denby, in the parish of Penistone, was held of 
the lords of Brierley leads to the identity of Elric, who had at the Survey 
taken the place of Edulf and Godric, pre-Conquest lords of Denby, as Ailric, 
father of Swane of Brierley and Cawthorne. 

1686. Quit-claim by Reginald son of Ellis de Sothil to the monks of 
(Monk-)bretton of 20 acres of land in Swallow Hill (in 
Hoyland Swaine), including an acre which Suane de Hoiland 
gave them, concerning which a plea had been moved in the 
court of Roger de Lascy of Pontefract, for which the monks 
gave him 3 marks. 1194-1211. 

Chartul. of Monkbretton, at Woolley Hall, f. 2640?; St. Mary's Tower 
records, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 2100?. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Reginaldus filius Elie de 
Sothil quietam clamavi de me et de heredibus meis xx li acras 
terre, illas scilicet quas Willelmus faber tenuit in Sualewehil, 3 
et illam scilicet quam Suanus de Hoiland dedit monachis de 
Bretton in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, unde placitum fuit 
inter me et monachos de Bretton in curia Rogeri de Cestria de 
Pontefracto per preceptum regis, totum rectum meum et clameum 
supra monachos dictos 4 pro tribus marcis quas monachi mini 
dederunt. Hiis testibus : Roberto le 5 Walas, Adam de Rainavill, 
Willelmo de Stapleton, 6 Johanne de Birch[in], Ivone de Lungvilers, 
Johanne Malherb, Johanne Tirel, Radulfo de Lamara, Roberto 
Paitevin, Willelmo de Lungvilers. 

1687. Confirmation by Jordan de Horbiri and Eugenia his wife to 
the monks of Lund (Monkbretton) of a moiety of the land of 
William the smith of Swallow Hill (in Hoyland Swaine), which 
Suane de Hoyland gave to the monks. 1190-1205. 

Chartul. of Monkbretton, at Woolley Hall, f. 264^. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris 
notum et manifestum sit quod ego Jordanus de Horbiri et 
Eugenia sponsa mea unanimiter concedimus et presentis carte 
attestatione confirmamus Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie Magdalene 
de Lunda et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus medietatem terre 

1 Yorks. Deeds, ii, n. 149. * Dodsw. MS. viii, f. 253</. 

3 "Svawail"; Dodsw. MS. * " super dictis monachis "; ib. 

6 "de"; MS- 

* The remaining witnesses are from Dodsw. MS., for which the chartulary has : 
" et multis aliis." 



334 EARLY YORKSHIRE CHARTERS 

Willelmi fabri de Sualeuehil et servitium ipsius, cum omnibus 
aisiamentis que pertinere debent ad medietatem predicte terre, 
quam Suanus de Holande eis concessit et donavit, libere, quiete 
et solute, pro salute animarum nostrarum et pro anima predicti 
Suani et pro animabus omnium antecessorum nostrorum, in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam. Hiis testibus : magistro Petro de 
Doncastre, Henrico fratre ejus, Reginaldo scriptore, Willelmo 
de Horbiri, Thoma fratre ejus, et aliis. 

1 688. Grant by Jordan son of Matthew de Horbiry, with the consent 
of Jordan his son, to the monks of Rievaulx of his tillage 
in Flockton called Cockesclough, adjoining Emley brook. 
1190-1204. 

From the orig., formerly in St. Mary's Tower, York ; Dodsw. MS. viii, 
f. 1 17 d. Pd. in Chartul, of Rievaulx, n. 344. 

Notum sit omnibus tarn presentibus quam futuris quod ego 
Jordanus filius Mathei de Horbirie, concessu et bona voluntate 
Jordani filii mei et heredis, dedi et hac present! carta mea con- 
firmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Rieval[le] et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus, pro animabus patris mei et matris mee 
et pro salute anime mee et omnium parentum et heredum meorum, 
cum corpore meo in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam, 
totam culturam meam in territorio de Floketona que nominatur 
Cockesclo, sine aliquo retenemento, scilicet sicut eadem cultura 
a parte aquilonali per terram Ade Utting et terram Henrici de 
Bosco ab Emlaierode extenditur in latitudine versus occidentem 
usque ad siketum qui est divisa inter terram Johannis filii mei 
et ejusdem Cockesclo et inde per eundem siketum versus austrum 
usque in Emelaiebroc et inde per Emelaiebroc versus orientem 
usque ad predictam Emlaierode ; tenendam in perpetuum cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis et libertatibus liberam et quietam ab 
omni terreno servitio et seculari demanda ; ad quam culturam 
habebunt predicti monachi liberum ingressum et egressum per 
totam terram meam de Floketona. Et ego et heredes mei ad- 
quietabimus earn de omnibus servitiis et warantizabim