ALBERT M. ROLLINS
THE LAKESIDE PRESS CO.
'And there the weary are at rest." — J>ib/t
[wo Copies K
APR 3 1905
GUtSS <£, XXC, Not
//^ // Z O
Copyright, 1905, by Albert M. Rollins.
Free copies of this book can be obtained by applying in person
to the Maine Central Railroad, the Washington County Railroad, and
the Boston & Maine Railroad at their City Ticket Office in Boston.
From Mr. L. F. Tobie, Calais, Me., and Mr. F. E. Boothby, Portland,
Me., by sending five cents in stamps.
I. Introduction. Acknowledgmi
II. I he Se< tion.
III. Naturalist's Calendar from May to November (inclusive
Eastern Mai i
I\'. Th'- Proper Time For Fishing. For Birds. For Game, lor
a Canoe Cruise. For a Shore ( Kiting.
V. Preparations tor a Cruise in the Maine Woods. Transporta-
tion. Personal. Shelter and Sleeping. The Kit. Canoes
and < 'mules. Food. (
VI. An exhaustive outline of the Lakes and Streams, following up
the Rivers and showing Special Fish and dame Sections.
VII. Lakes and Streams near the Railroads not in VI.
VIII. ' am ><■ ( Tuises in I )etail.
i. West Branch of the St. Croix Circle.
2. From Springfield to East Machias.
3. On the Last Branch of the St. Croix.
\. West Branch of the St. Croix and down the Machias.
5. On Tomah Stream.
6. Down the Passadumkeag.
IX. The Machias River. Its Roads and Camps.
X. Driving and Automobile Roads in Eastern Maine.
XL Coast Resorts on the Smith Shore
XII. Coast Resorts in Passamaquoddy Bay.
XIII. Grand Lake. Meddybemps Lake.
XIV. Around the Camp Fire.
The Canadian Porcupine.
I )riving Swamps.
Loading ( 'am
How to take a Lake in a Wind in a Canoe.
Care of ( )utdoor Fires.
A Moose Yard.
Forest Colors of Autumn.
Moose- and Hears killed in 1904.
I listory of the Moose in Eastern Maine.
Stocking the Lakes.
XV. Game Laws. Revised for 1905 and 1906.
IY ' T IS the purpose of these pages not so much to por-
1 tray Maine scenery, which is the same all over the
sgp&p) State in its general features of rugged shore line, a
wide expanse of forest set with immense numbers
of lakes and ponds, and rivers flowing rapidly from upland
sources, as to explain the ways and means of going to the
woods and shores, to tell when and where to go, what prepa-
rations to make, how to get adapted to outdoor life in order
to get the best returns, and to furnish estimates on the cost of
The writer is a native of Eastern Maine, who spent his
boyhood there, and who has with one exception spent portions
of every summer for the past ten years canoeing and camping
there in the woods and on the shores.
It is hoped that this little volume will induce many who
have not been in Eastern Maine to go there. Do not expect
to find a deer in every thicket, a trout in every pool, or a bear
in every swamp. The writer desires not to be misunderstood
in what he is going to say. He is too loyal a son of Maine to
depreciate or undervalue any section of it. In all candor,
after having been in most every section of our State, that has
become such a playground for the large population centres of
the Atlantic seaboard, the writer believes that Eastern Maine,
with its salmon pools, pleasant shore line and deep sea fishing,
its bear hunting which is a feature, its inland fishing from the
prolific trout and gamy black bass to the salmon of Grand
Lake, not to mention the deer and moose, is the best all-around
section of Maine for a return to the best Nature affords.
Ruffed grouse is used for partridge, and landlocked has
been dropped from salmon. The 's has been discarded from
the names of several lakes and streams. These changes are
in accord with the facts in each case.
The most of the material has been taken from personal
observations and notes kept when in the section. No pretense
of literary merit is made. Practical ends and plain language
have been kept in the foreground. It has been written in the
midst of active duties in another line.
After all, is the true sportsman he who comes to kill and
carry away game merely? Is not the true lover of the woods
and country he who goes there to study the natural features, to
note the character and classification of the vegetable growth,
the ways and habits of the animals, and to become acquainted
with men whose long adaptation to outdoor woods life is evi
denced in their manners and customs? Fishing and hunting
are incidents and very laudable ones. It is fair to supply the
camp with meat and fish. Is it necessary that tons of our big
game should be shipped each year to satisfy the vanity of
game destroyers ? The writer wishes to make one comment.
Maine people who have gone to New York and Massachusetts
are loyal to their native State. On general principles, leaving
out the question of ability to pay, it is hard for them to be
obliged to pay a tax to hunt in the haunts of their boyhood.
With the above exceptions the writer has refrained from
expressing his own views on the several aspects of game law
policy on which reasonable men differ. He has also tried to
avoid a re-hash. Pictures of dead game have been purposely
omitted. The book is a result of a still hunt.
The writer wishes to thank all of the advertisers, and to
especially commend them to vacationers who use this volume.
since it has its source and support in their advertising.
In Kastern Maine for close local information: Judge
Wm. Fowler and Mr. J. A. Sears, of Calais; Mr. H. A. Averill,
of Crawford; Mr. Frank Sanborn, of Fast Machias: Dr. F. F.
Shaw and Mr. L. B. Wilder, of Machias; Mr. S. S. Quimby,
of Milltown; Mr. C. F. Eaton and Mr. C. A. Rolf, of Prince-
ton; Mr. G. W. Ross, of Yanceboro, and Col. S. B. Gates, of
For the most of the photographs. Mr. James MacDonald,
of Milltown, and Mr. Harry A. Peabody, of Portland. For
other photographs, Mr. S. S. Pineo, of Milltown; Mr. C. F.
Eaton and Mr. C. A. Rolf, of Princeton: Col. S. B. Gates, of
Winn, and Mr. Fred Strout, of Springfield. Mass.
All of the gentlemen in Fastern Maine whose names have
been mentioned are excellent parties for strangers to write for
reliable advice; and any of them will be pleased to answer a
The writer especially desires to acknowledge the cordial
support he has received from Hon. Frederic E. Boothby, of
Portland, General Passenger and Ticket Agent of the Maine
Central Railroad. His hearty interest and business-like help
have made this volume possible. Thanks are also extended
to his assistants, Mr. H. B. Coe, of Portland, and Mr. L. F.
Tobie, of Calais. To Mr. N. B. Dana, City Agent of the Bos-
ton & Maine Railroad, for the suggestion of the publication
and for his indorsement. He has also to thank, for a letter of
good wishes for the success of the publication, Hon. Grover
Cleveland, of Princeton, N. J.: and for his friendly indorse-
ment, Gov. William T. Cobb, of Maine.
ALBERT M. ROLLINS.
Harvard Law School,
Cambridge, Mass., March i, 1905.
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Summer Excursion Rates.
To points on or reached via the M. C. R. R. and Washington County Railway.
Subject to change. Rates are in effect May 1st to November 20th, good returning
until Nov. 30th.'
Rates from Boston and Portland to
Ayer's Junction, Me And Return
Campobello. N. B
Cherry held, Me
Columbia Falls, Me
Dan forth. Me
East Machias, Me
Lambert Lake, Me
Lincoln & Lincoln Center, Me..
Mill town. Me
Pleasant Point, Me
St. Andrews, X. B.viaVanceboro
St. Croix Junction, Me
St. Stephen. N. B
Tunk Pond, Me
13 6 >
Steamer Boys on Big Lake.
A Chowder Party.
B. W. CARLOW CO. t
REAL ESTATE and MORTGAGES,
262 Washington Street,
CHE section covered by this volume comprises that portion
of Maine east of the Penobscot and Mattawamkeag
Rivers. It includes all of Washington and Hancock
Counties and one-third of Penobscot County. Washington
and Hancock have the ocean on the south. Washington has
the Passamaquoddy Bay and the St. Croix River on the east.
The summer resorts in Passamaquoddy Bay in New Brunswick
The Maine Central Railroad from Bangor to Vanceboro
skirts the western and northern borders of this whole region ;
another branch of the Maine Central and the Washington
County Railroad follows the coast of Eastern Maine from
Bangor to Par Harbor, Kastport and Calais.
Between these two lines of Railroad is a vast area of over
five thousand square miles containing over a hundred lakes,
and hundreds of streams and ponds. Six small rivers and
the St. Croix River, one of the principal rivers of Maine.
come to the ocean in parallel courses at quite regular intervals.
The Boston & Maine and Maine Central Railroads give
quick and efficient all-rail transportation from Boston to this
whole section in twelve or fifteen hours. During all of the
outing season the steamer Frank Jones, from Portland, follows
the coast line to Machias vcinity. The Eastern Steamship
Company runs steamers into Penobscot Bay and across the
mouth of Passamaquoddy Bay.
What Eastern Maine Specially Offers:
It presents a fishing and hunting section down to the
coast line. The population is on the borders of the region.
The Maine coast from Kittery to Penobscot Bay has many
beautiful shore resorts, but back of them are the settled
portions of Maine. Aroostook and Xorthern Penobscot, and
other counties in the interior a hundred miles and more, are
excellent sporting regions. Eastern Maine combines the good
qualities of both the coast west of the Penobscot River in
having several hundred miles of shore line, and of the interior
portions of Maine in her game and canoe districts.
West Grand Lake. Pokumpus Thoroughfare.
MOON 6c CRATTY, Proprietors.
Exchange Street, - BANGOR, MAINE.
A \'.\ix House, within one 1 1 lock of Eastern I la il way Station where trains for
the Maine Sporting Region are taken. HotH lias 150 rooms, handsomely fur-
nished; private baths and shower; writing desks in private looms as well as
ten individual desks in public writing room. Elevator to all floors. Handsome
Dining Hall, with unsurpassed cuisine ami sen ice. The Exchange is Bangor
headquarters lor Sportsmen on the waj to ami from the Maine \Voods. Try
I s then you'll see why.
HACKS AT ALL TRAINS.
We're Here to Furnish Travelers with Every Comfort, and we do it !
All Places Described in This Booh and All
Parts of Maine, The White Mountains
and The Maritime Provinces are reached
Maine Central Railroad.
When you come to Maine be sure and visit
Belgrade Lakes, Moosehead Lake, Rangeley Lakes,
Portland and Casco Bay,
Sebago Lake and the Songo River,
The Sail Up Penobscot Bay and River.
The Trip Through the Crawford Notch of the White Mountains.
The Finest Scenery East of the Rockies.
Low Rate Excursion Tickets are on sale from New York and
Boston, to all Points, and are good until November ist.
During the Summer Season Through Sleepers run between New
York and Bar Harbor, without change, connecting at Portland for All
Interior and Coast Points
Three Through Trams a Day between Boston and Bar Harbor.
Four Through Trains a Day between Boston and Rockland.
Two Through Trains a Day between Boston and St. John, N. B.
Through Trains Daily to All Other Points.
Our Booklets and Folders tell the whole story.
Sent on request.
CEO F. EVANS, F. E. BOOTHBY,
Vice Pres. and Gen. Manager. Gen. Passenger Agent,
Ca] us Parties, Oathance Lake.
1m ami I »K Ml . 1 >ESERT Isi.an D
Where < >ur Dreams Come True.
Washington County Railway
The Scenery of the Maine Coast East of Bar
Harbor is as Grand as that at any part of New England
There are Attractive Summer Outing Places,
at moderate expense, as well as at the big hotels of Campo-
bello and St. Andrews.
At Grand Lake, the finest Landlocked Salmon (the genuine
ouananiche) Fishing in the State and excellent Trout Fishing
as well. At Meddybemps Lake Hon. Grover Cleveland had,
in 1903, what he considered the finest Black Bass Fishing he
In Cathance Lake and Tunk Pond the Trout run large and
in great numbers.
The network of Lakes and Streams offers unexcelled
Canoeing and Camping.
Big Moose roam the forests near Princeton.
The Blueberry Plains and Burnt Lands give the best
Bear Hunting in the State.
There is Fine Woodcock Shooting in the Southern Part of
the County, and the Bays along the Coast are the Feeding
Grounds of Ducks in their migratory flights.
During the Tourist Season there are two through trains
a day, Boston to Calais and Eastport. Leave Boston 8.00 a. m.
and 9.45 p. m. (Daily). Arrive Calais S. 10 P. m , 11.26 a. m.
(Daily), Eastport S.20 P. M., 11.33 a.m. (Daily). Through
Sleeping Cars on Night Train.
The 9.45 p. m. train from Boston connects through to Prince-
ton where steamer or team is taken for Grand Lake Stream.
Guide BooKs and Folders Sent on Application.
L. F. TOBIE, F. E. BOOTHBY,
Asst. General Pass. Agent. General Pass. Agent,
CALAIS, ME. PORTLAND, ME.
CEO. F. EVANS,
From May to November in Eastern Maine.
MAY: Moonlight ioth to 22d, in 1905. The ice is out
of the lakes. Migratory birds are arriving and many of the
flight birds have gone north. Salmon arc coming up the St.
Croix River. Salmon arc rising in ('.rand Lake and other
West branch waters. Good brook trout fishing in the streams
after the middle of the month. Alewive and bass are coming
up the rivers to spawn. bears are wandering about but do
not often take bait in May. After the middle of the month
the hard-wood trees are leaving out. Water in man}- of the
streams and rivers high, having been held back for river
driving, which is in full swing.
JUNE: —Moonlight 8th to 21st. in 1905. Vegetation
comes on now very rapidly. A few days will work wonders.
Good salmon fishing, and in many streams better trout fishing
than in May, as the water is dropping after the drives of logs
are passed. The ash and elm are leaving. Bears are on
wide search for food. Ruffed grouse often heard in all parts
of the woods around the settlements drumming. Hatching
season. Frequently a few days of very warm weather, which
is felt all .the more from lack of shade as yet. Insect life
JULY : — Moonlight 7th to 21st. in [905. The mosquitoes
and black flies are very annoying in the woods. brook trout
have gathered in deep holes at the mouth of the cold brooks.
Salmon are not rising much. Deer are about the meadow
lands of streams and around the flat lands of lakes, where
they feed morning and evening and have access to the water.
Summer visitors are coming. Many resort to the seashore.
The hotels are opened. Numerous excursions down the bays
carrying local parties. Snipe and woodcock have been breed-
ing. Hay cutting is in full swing.
AUGUST: — Moonlight 5th to 20th. in 1905. Still very
pleasant at the shore. Good deep-sea fishing. The deer this
Suggested by reading one kept by an English army officer in
New Brunswick forty years ago.
month linger around the settlements where they not infrequently
feed on bean patches. Blueberries are ripe, and scores of tents
are pitched on the blueberry plains between the Machias and
Narraguagus Rivers. The house fly becomes a nuisance.
Insects are gone. The swallows go in great flights, and the
crow blackbirds in large flocks. Towards the last of the
month salmon rise in the lakes on the West Branch. Last
year's salmon fry goes to the sea. Plenty of ruffed grouse
and black duck in flocks. The nights are cooling.
SEPTEMBER: — Moonlight 3 d to iSth, in 1905. No
better month in Eastern Maine. Most of the summer birds
have gone, but flight birds are plentiful going south. Good
duck shooting in the lakes and streams. The hills are in their
autumn glory. A few early frosts leave plain evidences in
blackened leaves of vegetation that belongs by nature south.
Moose begin to wander in search of mates by the first of the
month, and from far and near bull moose are reported seen.
All the plover come from the north. Snipe on the outside
islands. Bears are seen on the ridges.
OCTOBER: — Moonlight 3d to 18th, in 1905. During
the earlier portion of the month the colorings of the forest
linger. The hunter's month. Deer began mating about the
first of the month. They have gone from their summer haunts
and are on the ridges and in the black woods. Good wood-
cock and ruffed grouse hunting. The last of the migratory
birds are going, robbins and sparrows, and, when the ground
freezes, woodcock. Ruffed grouse and Canada grouse feed
on berries. It is very important to remember, if you follow
the food an animal or a bird depends upon, you will know
where to find him. For example the ruffed grouse feeds on
buds, insects, berries and pine boughs at different times in the
year. Black duck, teel, coot, etc., in the bays. Big game has
been killed, winter birds are coming.
NOVEMBER: — Moonlight 1st to 16th, in 1905. Cold
nights. The ridges are bare. Animals are taking on their
winter colors. Snow offers easy hunting. A few Indian sum-
mer days. The gray goose is flying south. The rivers and
Established 1874. Incorporated 1893.
T. B. DAVIS ARMS CO
JOBBERS OF PORTLAND, MAINE.
GUNS, RIFLES, REVOLVERS, AMMUNITION
and FISHING TACKLE.
General Distributors of Winchester and Marlin Rifles, Winchester and
U. M. C. Ammunition. BLASTING MATERIAL.
THE PROPER TIME
February is the month for ice fishing for togue and salmon.
By May ist the ice is generally out of the lakes, and May
and June are the best fishing months of the year. Worms and
live minnows will be more effective for a few weeks. June is
the best fly-fishing month.
In the streams from May 15th to July 15th hundreds of
brook trout from the law limit to three pounds can be caught
with ilies or worms. Canoeists note : As the water gets warmer
the trout collect at the mouths of cold brooks, and even late in
the season from such places it is easy to fish a mess for the
from early spring till into July. Calais Salmon Pool
offers unexcelled salmon fishing. Here is where Peter Newell
made the record of fifty-three one spring. He hooked the most
of them before daylight.
From September ist to the 15th, the salmon rise very well
in West Grand Lake, and above the dam at Grand Lake Stream
there is good fishing morning and evening at this time.
Black bass fishing is excellent in spring and summer in
Meddybemps, Hadley and Spednic Lakes and Round Pond.
No better deep-sea fishing can be found on the New-
England coast than off these shores, especially off Cutler. East
Machias, Machias and Jonesport. A party of eight out of
Machias, in 1903, from 9 a. m. to 6 P. m., caught thirteen hun-
Pickerel that are caught in the deep waters of some of the
lakes, for example West Maguerrewock Lake in Calais, or in
the streams that are not sluggish, are good and hard in the
summer time. The pickerel is rather unpopular, but there is
not a much better pan fish. Fish reflect the food they eat.
and, speaking broadly. Eastern Maine lakes and streams afford
plenty of good food for their animal life.
White perch abound in the majority of the lakes. You
will get them by deep fishing early in the morning at most any
The law will be your best guide. We make a few com-
ments. You will find the best black duck shooting from Sep-
tember i st for two or three weeks in the interior. From late
October on the Might birds are in the bays. They fly much as
a river flows and the deeper currents of their flight offer the
best shooting. Important centres of the flight are Holmes
bay. four miles from East Machias, Crumple Islands, ten miles
outside of Jonesport, Petit Manan, and along Eggemoggin
Reach between Deer Isle and the mainland. In the spring
wild geese and brant. In the fall all of the varieties of coot
and duck and the other shore birds.
You will find the best ruffed grouse shooting after October
i st. when the woods are less dense with leaves and brakes.
These birds are near the settlements and old opens and their
enemy the fox has come with them. The old fields and roads
in the farming districts are better grounds for ruffed grouse
than the deep woods forty or fifty miles up river.
Eastern Maine abounds in woodcock covers. The fall of
1904 saw more hunters and all previous records broken.
Machias, Marion, Whiting, Grand Lake Stream. Columbia
Falls and Calais are the centres of the best reports. In 1904
the woodcock followed the water courses as a snipe. Generally
they are found in higher covers, on side hills and ridges. They
feed on a white ground worm, and stay in the fall as long as
the ground is soft enough to allow them to feed. This whole
region, as well as New Brunswick, is a general breeding place
for this bird, and it is very recently that it has been hunted by
any number of people. For years Mr. J. A. Sears, of Calais,
has quietly feasted on this delicacy.
The law will have to be your guide for moose and deer.
From September on till winter it is good bear hunting. In
September you are likely to find them in the berry districts;
later, on the ridges of hard wood looking for nuts. In June the
trappers get their bears. The animal has come out of winter
quarters with a growing appetite, which Nature does not quite
satisfy at this time of year. The bear will not take bait till the
fat is out of his stomach. Trapping the animal has largely
become a thing of the past, since the bounty was removed.
In [90 \, in Washington County alone, thirty bears were killed.
The chief centres of the killing were Princeton. Cutler and the
West and East Machias Rivers. Many were reported to me
seen in all parts of the region.
There is good fall fox hunting and plenty of open country
offers abundance of spoil.
For a Canoe Cruise.
The law of compensation is at work here. June and early
July are ideal times to run many of the streams from the stand-
point of water and fishing. The black dies and mosquitoes
are troublesome, but their annoyance is exaggerated. Liquid
preparations, netting and smoke will minimize the pest. Some
are especially poisoned by such bites, and they should not go
into the woods at this time. The most of us are thick skinned
enough so that with the above-mentioned aids the tlies are
only an incident.
Late August, all of September and half of October are
delightful months for the real enjoyment of the woods, which
are in their glory by the third week in September in Eastern
Maine. Some of the streams in places will be low. according
to the season, but with a little extra labor they can be run.
For the Seashore.
The season does not open till three or four weeks later
than the season in Southern Maine and Massachusetts. About
July 1 st can be called the beginning. It lasts until the first
of September. It is to be regretted that .so many leave at this
time. The opening of schools has much to do with the general
exodus. September is generally an ideal month at the shore.
The fog has gone, and sky and foliage combine in splendid
days. We know of no better month for driving and automo-
Camp Supplies for Sportsmen.
Special attention given to Packing to avoid damage
while being transported over "Tote Roads*': and
when goods are to be carried in canoes they can be packed
in boxes of convenient size for easy handling.
SEND FOR PRICE-LIST.
S. S. Pierce Co.,
Importers and Grocers.
Tremont and Beacon Streets
Copley Square Boston
may enjoy the healthiest of
pastimes, shooting with the
The firearms that insure per-
fect sport, because they never
disappoint— splendid arms in
every way — built in all suit-
able sizes and weights. ASK
YOUR DEALER FOR THE
A great catalog of 140 pages of
interesting articles on hunt-
ing, target shooting, etc.,
FREE. Enclose 4 cents to
J. STEVENS ARMS and TOOL CO.,
P. O. Box 3793
CHICOPEE FALLS, MASS., U. S, A.
Underwood's Deviled Ham
will be found invaluable. Wholesome, de-
licious, and appetizing, whether eaten cold
just as it comes from the can, or as an addi-
tion to eggs, fish, and birds when cooked.
Made of ham and pure spices, that's all. Look
on the can for the little red devil. That's
the real UNDERWOOD'S. All dealers.
for a Cruise in the Maine Woods.
Especially Designed vnu Harvard Students for iiik
Closing Weeks of iheir Long Vacation.
The Maine law requires non-residents to take at least one
licensed guide in the months of May to November (inclusive)
for every five persons going to hunt or fish, or to camp or
kindle fires on wild lands of the State.
We shall estimate foods for a party of five, including a
guide. It is very proper for all who can afford it to take more
guides, but there are many persons of moderate means who
are obliged to figure more closely. Again a party of young
men may desire as part of the outing to paddle, and carry,
and assist about the camp. For big game hunting in the
fall it has become a settled policy of several States to tax non-
In Maine May to September (inclusive) are left for
camping trips with no tax other than the requirement of a
guide as mentioned, or of stopping at a boarding camp kept
by a licensed guide.
Assume we are starting on a late August or early Sep-
tember canoe cruise with a party of four from Boston to some
point of departure from the railroad, Princeton. Winn or
Yanceboro, to be gone two w r eeks or a month.
Evening trains leave Boston for Eastern Maine, and
Eastern Maine for Boston, every evening in the week with
sleeping cars attached. The following morning you are at
One gun to a man is enough, with one rirle to a canoe.
A stout pocket knife. Do not overload. Remember the
carries, and reduce your personal wants to a change of inside
clothing and the necessary toilet articles. A pair of rubber
boots is very convenient to slip on when you are obliged to
lead the canoe, to avoid wet feet. One camera in the party
is now considered a necessity. For outside clothing use your
own taste. Short corduroy trousers, a sweater, a canvas
jacket and a pair of suitable woods shoes are a good combina-
tion. Don't forget in June and July to take fly ointment.
Shelter and Sleeping.
A small wall tent will serve for shelter when not in a
camp. It is not advisable to be without one; for there may
be a day or two of stormy weather, in which case the conven-
ience of it in passing a rainy clay will be realized. As a gen-
eral rule September gives excellent weather. We strongly
advise sleeping bags. The secret of enjoying such a trip
D G. ROLLINS.
N. G. SAWYER.
BANGOR MATTRESS CO.,
120 Second Street, - BANGOR, MAINE.
Manufacturers and Jobbers in
WOVEN WIRE BEDS, COTS, COUCHES, MATTRESSES, PILLOWS, IRON
BEDSTEADS, SLEEPING BAGS, BLANKETS and QUILTS, in Great Variety.
depends upon getting good rest at night. Fir houghs and
brakes make a good bed, but on canoe cruises you are moving
often and will find it a task, especially when you pitch camp
late in the afternoon, to cut your bed each day. This
course, does not apply if you are camping for a week in one
place. Then you make a good bough bed, and rebrush it a
little as it requires. If you are on a canoe cruise of a hundred
miles and more, or on a fall hunt, a sleeping bag is a strong
asset. ( )ne with loops on each side through which poles are
run, with these in turn rested at the ends on fallen logs run-
ning at right angles to the poles, is a practical kind to take.
They are made waterproof, and are capable of being rolled
up into a small bundle, and rough poles can be quickly cut
each night. This bed brings you from the ground and is
conducive to refreshing sleep. Pneumatic beds are also used.
They are blown up each night with a bicycle pump. Each
man should have a g;ood rubber blanket.
Do not forget the ax, hatchet, two frying pans, two lan-
terns, oil, small tin baker, two wire toasters, bean pot and
stew kettle. I have seen a combination kit of three kettles
and coffeepot, fitting inside each other, and plates over them
with a cover fitting the outside kettle that serves as a dish pan;
knives, forks and spoons go inside the coffeepot. A strap
about all. This is a very convenient and useful outfit, and
very compact for carrying. Such a kit can be made to order
for not over five dollars.
Canoes and Guides.
For two weeks five men can carry all they need in two
eighteen-foot canoes. For a month the same number of men
will need three canoes. At Princeton, Grand Lake Stream
and Dobsis Lake (South Springfield P. O.) canoes can be
hired without guides. Each guide has his own canoe.
Here your own tastes must govern. I shall give you an
accurate record of amounts of staple articles taken by a party
of five for two weeks, not including sweets, which you can buy,
factory made or baker made, or take from home, in the way of
doughnuts, cakes and turnovers. For fish depend upon the
country and for some meat in its season. Eggs are hard to
take. A few dozen can be used the first of the trip.
Five Men for Fourteen Days. — Twenty loaves of
bread, 10 lbs. of butter, 12 lbs. of pork, 15 lbs. of sugar, 5 lbs.
of coffee, 1 lb. of tea, 10 lbs. of hard bread, 1 bu. of potatoes,
j ham, ^ cheese, 2 qts. of beans, 30 cans condensed cream,
meats, etc., 5 pkgs. prepared flour for pancakes, 1 small bag
salt, 5 lbs. onions, 1 qt. molasses, 1 qt. maple syrup, pepper.
The above is given as a guide to help in estimating quan-
tities. On that particular trip we had plenty of salmon, trout
and pickerel. We found an abundance of cranberries. The
amount of carrying should be considered in making the outfit.
However, Eastern Maine canoe cruises are very free from long
carries. For sweets we had the equivalent of twenty-five
dozen of doughnuts.
The cost from Boston and return for party of four for
Traveling and sleeper, one guide, $20.00
Average of food.
Average of guide hire.
Average of canoe hire
uides, S 20.00
Average cost per man.
The same for two weeks.
Traveling and sleeper, one guide. 520.00 two guides, $20.00
Average of \o^h\.
Average of guide hire.
Average of canoe hire.
Average cost per man.
When you consider that one has to be fed wherever he is.
and that when in town money is needed at every turn, I think
vou will agree that for the amount expended no such returns
in health and keen life can be had as from a canoe cruise on
the old water ways of Maine.
Hunter's Camp on Dobsts Lake.
..MAP of MAINE..
Compiled from my own surveys made during the last 35 years, and cor-
rect in every detail. Shows County and Town lines, location of Cities
and Villages, all Highways, all Railroads and Stations, all Sporting
Camps. Colored by counties, mounted on cloth, hound edges, molding
and roller. A complete wall .Map. Size :>4 x 78 inches Price, $5 00
C. (). D.
R. M. NASON,
180 Exchange St., - Bangor, Maine.
Principal Lakes and Streams in
Following up the Rivers. Special Fish and Game localities
are indicated. The main rivers and largest lakes are in
the larger type.
I. ST. CROIX RIVER.
i. East Branch.
Maguerrewock Stream. Ducks, snipe.
West Maguerrewock Lake.
pLast Maguerrewock Lake.
Mohannes Stream. Ducks.
Hound Stream and Lake. Deer.
Canoose River. Ruffed grouse.
Simsquish Stream and Lake. Moose, deer.
Scott Brook, Lambert Lake. Three moose killed
in 1904. Ruffed grouse.
Spednic Lake. Salmon, trout.
Digity Lakes (3), 4 miles up Spednic, 1^- miles
up to First Digity. canoe; 1^ miles by river from
head of Spednic to
Tomah Stream, canoe. Moose, ruffed grous<
moose killed in 1904.
Lewey Lake. 1 hicks.
Big Lake. Ducks, moose, deer, ruffed grouse.
Big Musquosh Stream. Canoe. 5 miles.
W. Musquosh Lake, dear water, sandy bottom,
hills around. Salmon. Prom Talmage 10 miles
by team: up Big Musquosh, two, mile-carries.
Bonny Brook. Short deadwater.
Scott Brook. Short deadwater.
Little River. Short deadwater.
Grand Lake Brook. Short deadwater.
Little Musquosh. Canoe 3 miles.
Clifford Stream. Canoe 2 \ miles, carry, right, 1
mile, canoe to
Clifford Lakes (2). Two-mile carry from head
to Machias waters
Grand Lake Stream. Canoe i mile, haul 3 miles to
( Iran i> Lake. Salmon, togue.
Ox Brook Lake. One mile, north side.
Trout Lake. One and one-half miles carry out of
Whitney Cove. Trout,
[unior Stream. Canoe 3. miles to
[unior Lake. Salmon.
Scragley Lake. Canoe, carry .1 mile to Pleasant
1 hick Lake.
Bottle Lake Stream. Canoe to Bottle Lake, carry
, ; mile into Dobsis Lake. Road to Winn.
Pokumpus Lake. Joins Grand. Salmon. Go south
to Wabash Stream, canoe \ mile, carry .1 mile to
Wabash Lake (through two ponds and three car-
ries of 1 mile, all to Machias Third Lake). Co
north in Pokumpus to Locks. 30 rods carry to
Dobsis Lake. Salmon, trout. Haul 1 } miles from
Shaw's to Fourth Machias Lake.
Chain Lakes (3). One-half mile cany.
Horseshoe Lake. Three-fourths mile carry. Carry
\ mile, canoe + mile to
Upper Dobsis Lake. Salmon. Beautiful lake,
hard, carriage drive beach. From head of lake 2
miles across to the Passadumkeag.
Lumbert Lake. Trout, salmon.
Pug Lakes. Trout.
II. DENNY RIVER. A few salmon, 500 to 700 barrels of
alewives. Fine, large trout up the river. Twenty-
three miles to lake in great canoe water.
Cathance Stream. Trout.
Cathance Lake. Ten square miles of water. Most
famous trout lake. Troll till June, then fly-fish.
Troll one hook, or gang of three hooks, bunch of
worms, trail a spinner 4 or 5 inches long behind.
Some days catch all salmon, others all trout.
Eight cottages from Machias on west shore.
Little Cathance Lake, 2 miles below.
Meddybemps Lake. Black bass, ruffed grouse.
Seven miles long, 52 islands, beautiful coves, an
ideal lake. Many summer homes. At high water
has a northern outlet into the St. Croix.
1 6th Stream. Canoe to Stevenson Lake (short
carry to Barrows Lake, and thence to Love Lake).
III. EAST MACHIAS RIVER. Five moose, 2 bears, 1904.
Gardner Lake. Bear, 1904.
Hadley Lake. One of the best black bass lakes.
Scott Brook. West side, just above Hadley Lake.
Northern Stream. Trout, ruffed grouse.
Love Lake. Deer, moose.
Barrows Lake. Three bears in 1904.
Seavey Brook. Deer, trout.
Seavey Lakes (2).
Beaver Dam Brook and two lakes.
Harmon Brook. Three moose in 1904. From the
mouth of brook a mile down river famous trout
Rocky Brook. Best game section. Trout.
Crawford Lake. Ruffed grouse.
Allen Stream. Canoe 5 miles.
Pocamoonshine Lake. One bear in 1904.
[V. MACHIAS RIVER. Twelve moose, ri bears in 1904.
Mark Lake. Six Mile Lake. Great Brook Lakes (2).
Trout and black bass. Middle River.
Bog Lake. Plenty of 3 and 4 pound salmon caught
New Stream. Trout, bear, deer, moose.
Old Stream. Famous trout stream.
Chain Lake Stream.
Chain Lakes (3). Pickerel.
Old Stream Lakes i 4 1. Trout.
Mopang Streams. Trout.
Mop \x<; Lakes 5 1.
Crooked River. Great trout stream.
West Branch of River.
[nsrlee Brook. Trout.
Rollaford Brook. Trout.
Cranberry Lake Stream.
Cranberry Lakes (2 1. Deer.
Sabeo L vke. Rear. deer.
Big Machias Lake.
Little Machias Lake.
First, Second, Third. Fourth, Fifth Machias
Lakes. Excellent big game section.
V. Chandler River and Indian River are small .streams com-
ing to the coast a few miles west of the Machias
River. Indian River is a noted trout stream, and 1
am sure that the west branch of Chandler River has
most excellent trout.
VI. Pleasant River has its head in Pleasant Lake, near the
Mopang Branch of the Machias River, and it flows
into Pleasant Bay at Addison Point. An immense
swamp above its first big bend. Deer.
VII. Narraguagus River.
Spring Run Pond.
Schoodic Lake. Blueberry plains.
Narraguagus Lake. Trout.
Chalk Pond. On the Air Line Road.
Baker Brook Flowage.
1 >eer Lake.
This river has its source near the head waters of the
west branch of the Machias and Passadumkeag Rivers. An
old writer says : •' The true Indian orthography is said to be
Na-la-gua-gwees. and signifies palate, stream or river. To use
the precise language of my Indian interpreter, opening his
mouth wide, and thrusting his fingers clown his throat. 'It
means all one, jes' if I open my mouth and river run down my
throat into mine belly.' " The river takes a very straight
course from its head waters to its fiord. Note its very long
and narrow fiord.
VII P Union River. Thirteen moose killed in east end of
Hancock County in 1904.
Sea mm on Pond.
East Branch. Ruffed grouse, deer.
Rocky Pond. Near Air Line Road.
Great Pond. Deer.
IX. Passadumkeag River. Excellent trout stream. The
region drained by the Passadumkeag is hilly and
picturesque. Vou can reach this section from Pas-
sadumkeag, Olamon, Enfield or Winn. Roads lead
to the sporting camps. Five moose killed in 1904.
Sponnac Lake. Ruffed grouse.
Nicatous Lake. Deer, bear, moose.
Pistol Stream and Pistol Lakes. Trout.
Cassabeus Stream and Lake. Deer, moose.
Cold Spring Pond. Large trout.
No. 3 Pond.
Ware Pond, near Upper Dobsis. One of the most
beautiful of small lakes, sheltered among the
W \i:k Pond.
Lakes and Streams Near Railroads
Not in VI.
I. Going south and east from Bangor.
Phillips Lake. Close to Railroad. Excellent for
camps. Hilly west of it. Long and narrow.
Green Lake. Close to Railroad. Several cottages.
Hatcase Pond and Mountain Pond. East of Rail-
Branch Pond, Patten Pond, Fitz Pond and Brewer
Pond. West of Railroad.
From Washington Junction the Railroad is running east
and west to East Machias.
Franklin Pond. Crossed by Railroad.
Donnell Pond. North of Railroad.
Flanders Stream and Pond. Trout fishing. Close
Tunk Pond. Salmon, togue, trout and ducks. Near
Spring River Lake. Salmon, trout.
Stover Brook. Trout. In two or three places along
here the roadbed cut into the stream, and good
strings of trout have been caught in the ditches.
Holmes Stream. Five miles south of East Machias.
Ducks and trout.
Indian Lake. Seven miles from East Machias, in
Whiting. Trout. Salt and pepper, mixed.
Southern Inlet. Seven miles from East Machias.
Gooche Brook. Three miles from East Machias.
Woodcock and ruffed grouse all about. Whiting
and Cutler have lots of fish and game.
From East Machias to Calais the general direction of the
Railroad is north and south.
Patrick Lake. Fishing. Good game section.
Round Pond. Good black bass fishing.
Pennamaquan Lake. Excellent for camps.
Moosehorn and Pennamaquan Streams. A'ery
famous trout streams, fed by very cold springs.
Hoyden Lake. Near Eastport branch of Railroad.
Well situated for camps.
II. Going north from Bangor.
Cold Stream Pond,
Railroad from Winn and Mattawamkeaj
Molunkus Stream. Famous sporting section north
Baskahegan Stream, and
Baskahegan Lake. Three moose killed in 1904.
Trout and big game
. North of
Si. ( roix River \ I'kw Miles Smin 01 V.w eboro
CHAS. A. ROLFE,
Terminus of Princeton Branch Washington County Railroad.
i Not Sporting Goods)
All goods guaranteed first-class. Orders filled promptly and goods safely packed.
Best hunting for moose, deer and partridge near by.
Information given freely
AGENCY PASSAMAQUODDY TRIBE OF INDIANS.
EAST MACHIAS, MAINE
with teams and bnck-
boards to the sea-shore
resorts about Machias
Bay and Cutler, and
the Inland Fishing and
Hunting Grounds of
the East Machias
River, Cathance Lake
Pure Water. High Location. Healthy Town. Fine Drives
No Flies or Mosquitoes
The Point of Departure from the Railroad for all of the Canoe Water, Hunt-
ing and Fishing of the West Branch of the St. Croix, Machias, East Machias
and Passadumkeag Kivers.
Teams in readiness when ordered in advance. Food Supplies packed and
ready at a week's notice. Will be pleased to answer letters for information.
S. B. GATES, Proprietor.
CANOE CRUISES IN DETAIL.
i. West Branch of St. Croix Circle.
Leave railroad at Princeton. The lake shore is only a
few rods from the station. Your route is through Lewey
Cake. Long Lake, past the Indian Village and to the head of
Big Lake. Three-quarters of a mile by canoe up Grand Lake
Stream and you reach Gould Landing. Here Mr. Gould is
always ready to haul you to Grand Lake, three miles, for
whieh he will charge you the moderate sum of fifty cents to
a canoe and its baggage. Go up Grand Lake following the
south side to Pokumpus Lake. Follow the right hand shore
in Pokumpus Lake to the Locks (carry 30 rods). You arc-
now in Dobsis Lake. Go to the left of the big island out in
the lake and thence up the lake. Shaw's Camp is on a Norway
point on the left shore opposite the island. From the head
of the lake a smooth carry one-half mile brings you to Bottle
Lake. Thence down this lake and Bottle Lake Stream (no
carries) to Junior Lake. Down Junior Lake and Junior Lake
Stream 1 no carries 1 to Grand Lake. Come down Grand Lake
on its north shore inside the islands; and in reverse order
from Grand Lake Stream to Princeton.
Here is a cruise of over 75 miles with only 2 hauls and
only 2 carries, one of which is very short.
Out of Junior Lake are delightful side trips. From
Dobsis Lake you can take side trips to Chain I akes or LJppei
Dobsis. Out of Pig Lake there are several excellent side trips
into fish and game country. So that the cruise, if desired,
can be easily lengthened 50 miles with little carrying.
There are lots of permanent camps and club houses in
this whole section.
2. From Springfield ro East Machias.
Leave the railroad at Winn. Teams are at hand to take
you to Pottle Lake, 16 miles over a smooth country road.
From Pottle Lake you can go to Princeton, as indicated in Trip
No. r, either into Grand Lake by way of Junior Lake or
From Princeton you can get hauled 6 miles to Pocamoon-
shine Lake, the head of the East Machias River. Down
Pocamoonshine Lake, Stream, two Pug Lakes, and Crawford
Lake, in all 10 miles (Allen Stream, canoeing 5 miles in a
good fish and game region, black growth, comes in on west
side below Second Pug Lake. Huntley Brook comes into
west side of Crawford Lake, 1 mile from head). Carry and
lead canoe one-half mile (Rocky Brook comes in on east side,
canoe one-half mile to road bridge, 1 mile above this great
trout fishing). Dead water one-half mile. Rirrlings 20 rods.
Dead water. Carry 15 rods. Dead water (Harmon Brook
on west. I have seen large strings of large trout caught
here and for a mile down river). Rirrlings 1 mile steady
canoe ( Beaver Dam Brook 1 mile below Riftiings on
west side. Indian Camping Ground at head of Broad Cove).
Dead water 5 miles to Great Meadow Riffling, 2 short
pitches. (Seavey Brook on west side, trout. At foot of
Upper Pitch a good spring in eddy). Three miles dead water
to Round Lake (1 mile). Rocky Lake Stream on east one-
half mile below Round Lake. Pitch 10 rods, dead water 2
miles to Munson Rips, which can be run, dead water to Second
Lake (the inlet and outlet are within 75 rods of each other
on west side, camping ground at outlet, on the opposite side
of the river from camping ground. Just below outlet is a
spring). Dead water, Wigwams 100 rods, easy, dead water,
Crooked Pitch, dead water, Lower Pitch can be run, dead
water 5 miles passing through Lower Meadows (Big spring
in meadow 4^ miles down). Hadley Lake 7 miles. Two
and one-half miles to East Machias. One-half way down
Hadley Lake on west side are sand bar, Governor's Point,
camping ground, high shores.
This is a good canoe river and it runs through an excellent
fish and game district. Bears and moose are plenty. Five
moose killed on the lower river in 1904. At East Machias you
strike the railroad again, the Washington County Branch.
3. West Branch of the St. Croix and down the Machias.
From Princeton one starting place to Shaw's Camp on
Dobsis Lake go as in Trip No. 1, or from Winn, by way of
Bottle Lake, go to Shaw's Camp as in Trip No. 2.
From Shaw's a road ij miles long leads to Fourth Machias
Lake. Mr. Shaw will haul you across. The road much of
the way follows the top of one of many such glacial deposits
in this section, called horsebacks.
Before starting down river from the foot of Fourth Lake
it is well worth the time to go to the head of the lake and up
Fifth Lake Stream i mile. A 2-mile carry on the right
along a horseback will bring you to canoe water in the
stream again leading up to Fifth Lake, the head of the
Machias River. On this carry the road is often 200 feet above
the stream. Tall old trees with little underbrush give a clear
view for a long distance in the forest. Fifth Lake Stream
contains famous trout pools.
After this trip retrace your course to the foot of Fourth
Lake. A short carry below the dam and you are in good
canoe water and in an excellent deer section. At the left one-
half mile after you enter Third Lake is a good camping
ground and a cold spring. Look sharp for it.
Five miles down Third Lake you pass through narrows.
Note two deep coves ahead soon after you go through the
narrows with a long middle ground between. Take the right-
hand cove. On the middle ground are acres of cranberry
vines. (On the left from the head of the middle ground you
can go back into St. Croix waters by way of two ponds and
Wabash Lake and Stream. There are 3 carries of a mile
From Third Lake dam, one-half mile of Rifflings, in which
canoe will run to dead water one-half mile. Rifflings and a
pitch, carry 20 rods. Dead water 1 mile. Long Falls, carry 1
mile on east side to Second Lake, 1 mile. Dead water 2 miles
to First Lake (Fletcher Brook comes in on west halfway
between the two lakes). From First Lake good canoeing 4
miles to mouth of West Branch. L^p the Branch is some
excellent trout fishing. Three miles to mouth of Crooked
River, a famous trout stream. Two miles to Bacon Bridge.
Here Obrien Rips, 100 rods, are quick. One mile to mouth
of Pembroke, a good trout stream. Two miles to Little Falls,
200 yards carry. Eight miles to Wigwams, one-half mile
carry. Four miles to Holmes Falls, one -half mile carry.
Ten miles to Great Falls, one-eighth mile carry. Six miles to
Whitneyville railroad station on the Washington County Road.
4. On the East Branch of un St. Croix.
Vanceboro or Danforth are your points of departure from
the railroad. North of these points lie the East Schoodic chain
of lakes, fifty miles long. There is cleared land on some
shores. Grand Lake and Che-pet-na-cook Lake are the largest
bodies of water. In general outline they are long and narrow.
From the foot of the lakes the East Branch of the St.
Croix flows through rocky and intervale channels to Passama-
quoddy Bay. It is a good canoe river to Baring, where canoe
can be taken out within a few feet of the railroad.
There are three carries between Vanceboro and Baring.
Spednic Falls, one-fourth mile (below Enoch Brook 1 two pitches;
Grand Falls, one-half mile (at the junction with the West
Branch). If desired you can canoe up the West Branch and
thence up Tomah Stream (Trip No. 5 ) ; or up to Princeton and
beyond. The third carry is at Sprague Falls, one-fourth mile.
From Baring, if you wish to spend a few days more in an
attractive region, haul 3 miles to Meddybemps Lake and go
down the lake 7 miles, and Denny River 22 miles to Dennys-
ville, where you strike the Washington County Railroad again.
5. Tomah Stream.
From Princeton 5 miles down the West Branch; then iS
or 20 miles up Tomah Stream, Clifford Rips can be poled,
Cpper Falls 10 rods carry. This is one of the unique places
in Eastern Maine. The banks are high and there is much hard-
wood growth of elm and oak. Moose, deer and ruffed grouse are
very plenty. In 1904 eight moose were killed. Private camps
have been built. This side trip can be taken as well from the
Fast Branch (Trip No. 4) as from Princeton, by coming up
the West Branch from the junction.
6. Down iiik Passadumkeac.
From Winn railroad station drive 14 miles to Ware Pond.
Canoe can be put in here and a run of 25 miles with scarcely
a ripple brings you to Grand Falls, along an excellent trout
stream. Side trips into Cold Spring Pond, trout, and Nicatous
Lake region, big game. Seven miles down river is Sponnac
Lake. Lowell Dam 4 miles below the lake, carry of 50 feet.
Thence good canoe water into the Penobscot River, coming to
the railroad at Passadumkeag. The same cruise may be taken
from Upper Dobsis Lake with a two-mile carry from that lake
to the Passadumkeag below Ware Pond. Mr. S. B. Gates,
Winn, Me., has some excellent land for sale about Ware Pond
and L T pper Dobsis Lake, for camps and cottages.
A Machias River Camp.
' Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife.
NEW EASTERN HOTEL
Day trips to the best of salmon, trout, bass, and deep sea fishing ;
to big game hunting' and all kinds of bird shooting.
ALL THE MODERN CONVENIENCES
P. 5. DORSEY, Proprietor
THE MACHIAS RIVER.
Its Roads and Camps.
m AC II IAS is one of the old towns of Maine, situated at
the head of tide water on the river of the same name.
This river lias been the scene of much lumbering, and
on its head waters the soil is suited for natural roads. Miles
of such roads that have not been turnpiked can be found
suitable for the lightest carriage.
This region is a very interesting one for a geologist, as it
contains many evidences of the great agencies that have been
at work in past ages. Very many '-horsebacks"* are to be
seen, especially to the east of the county road from Machias
to Wesley, seventeen miles from Machias, along Old Stream.
Crooked River and Fourth Machias Lake. These are first-
class specimens of drumlins and kames and eschars which were
formed by the movements and deposits of the glaciers. There
are also large heaths through which sluggish streams wind
with almost always a small lake or pond near by. Twenty or
thirty feet below the level of present heath vegetation you will
find the old lake bottom; and your imagination has ample room
to picture the contour of this region thousands of years ago.
Though much of the old growth timber has been cut or
burned, there are hundreds of old pines whose konkus unfitted
them for the market, but has left them standing as a memorial
of the past. There are woods enough, however, and the nat-
ural growth of trees has long defied the attempts of man to
keep it down.
As you go up the river you find a good turnpike road to
Wesley Corner, twenty miles. Near this road are Mark
Lake, Mark Second Lake, Six Mile Lake, the Great Brook
Lakes, Seavey Lake and New Stream, good fishing and hunt-
ing. For New Stream go to Guptills in Wesley and make
your headquarters. From the Machias Union, Nov. 29, 1904:
"Guptill Bros.' team of Wesley came here Friday morn-
ing with a large bull moose and two deer that had been shot
near their place by James W. Craig, of Portland, who has been
hunting there for a week past. The load attracted a large
amount of attention from the people in the streets, in spite of
the fact that the moose is no longer a rare sight in the streets
At Wesley Corner you strike the famous Air Line Road
from St. John to Bangor. In early days all of the travel and
mail from Bangor to the Provinces went over this road, and large
coaches were run with relays of horses at ten-mile intervals.
From Wesley Corner the Air Line runs west through a
natural road soil for miies, crossing streams and rivers, that is
running at right angles with the water sheds. Two miles from
Wesley Corner is a good country hotel, one mile from which
lie Chain Lakes. The upper lake lies by carry two miles from
Clifford Lakes on the St. Croix River.
A Canoe Trip.
It is a good canoe trip from Winn, Princeton, through
Big Lake and Clifford waters, carry into Chain Lakes, canoe
to Sargent Dam at foot of lakes, haul into Machias River,
seven miles by smooth road, thence down the Machias River.
Three miles beyond Wesley Corner a smooth truck road
turns to the right and leads up to canoe water on Old Stream
four miles, and then leads across to the lakes on the Machias
River through as good a bear section as one can wish.
Coming back to the Air Line, one mile and you cross Old
Stream, which offers great trout fishing in May and June.
Five miles more and you cross the Machias River at Bacon
Farm with Tug Mountain to the left. A mile beyond lies the
Race Ground, a large tract of open, rolling country of a gravel
soil. Foxes are plenty. From the Air Line at this point and
for a few miles beyond, smith nearly to the sea, lie vast areas
given up to the cultivation of blueberries, one of the chief
industries of Washington County.
At the Race Ground two roads lead to the right. The
first (going west on the Air Line) follows up the Machias River
to its source, a good blackboard road through the lumbering
districts with numerous camps. It crosses Crooked River and
the West Branch at good fording places. 1 let ween Crooked
River and the Branch a good truck road branches to the left.
which crosses the West branch at Rollaford Dam and goes to
Fifth Lake. Above Rollaford Dam one and three miles two
streams empty into the Branch from the north, first-class trout
streams, especially in June about their mouths.
The second branch road at the Race Ground crosses two
dams on Crooked River, an unexcelled trout stream. Thence
past Cranberry Lakes to the Sabeo Lakes at the head of the
West Branch of the Machias River. This is a good deer
country. See Around the Camp Fire, "Driving Swamps." I
have never seen such deer signs as around a small lake here,
I think it is called (ireen Lake. Between Sabeo and Fifth
Machias Lake bear are common. The road from a mile
beyond the last dam on Crooked River is rough, but a buck-
board will take it.
Following the Air Line beyond the Race Ground a little
distance is a sporting camp at Lily Lake. Five miles beyond
you cross the Mopang, one of the sources of the Machias. A
good road here to the left will take you down through the
plains to the coast. To the right of the Air lane lies Pleasant
Mountain, some of the highest land in Eastern Maine, from
whose summit you can look to the sea.
Of course this Machias River region can be reached by
team from Bangor, Columbia Falls and Calais, almost as easily
as from Machias; or from Winn and Princeton by canoe, as
shown in another part of the book.
We have indicated how the Machias River region is net-
worked with roads. We have named only the main thorough
fares. From these scores of shorter roads lead to lakes and
streams and camps. This section has many camps. Some
are regular sporting camps or hotels. Many are logging camps
used in winter. All are located in good centres for fish and
game. These lumber camps can be used in the fall in many
cases, by seeking those in charge of them. The lumberman
of Eastern Maine will meet you halfway. He knows a
thousand things of interest that he has caught from his close
and hard contact with nature. Cast aside many preconceived
notions of ceremony, take good care of the camps you use,
put out your outdoor tires, show a disposition to learn of the
woods, and you cannot fail to have a profitable trip in every way.
By permission of U. S. Geological Survey we quote from
the Report of Progress of Stream Measurements, 1903.
Machias River Drainage Basin.
"The Machias may be taken as fairly representative of
several of the smaller streams of Maine which empty their waters
directly into the ocean, and which are commonly referred to as
'coastal rivers.' Its total drainage basin is 495 square miles,
nearly all of which lies in Washington County, Me. Its
extreme headwaters lie at an elevation of nearly 500 feet, and
are not more than 50 miles from tide water. Wells listed 20
lakes in this basin, aggregating 29.5 square miles in area of
water surface. Without important exception these lie, however,
in the extreme headwaters. Dams are maintained at several
of the outlets of the lakes, and the stored water is used for
log driving. The underlying rock is usually granite. Probably
70 to 80 per cent, of the basin is still in forest."'
At the Sources of the Machias.
Sl'nski \m> l'.\ bnin< 3
SURREY, TYPE ONE
18 Horse Power
CflActual use has demonstrated that this vehicle is exactly
suited to the needs of persons of moderate means for a
beautiful, roomy, powerful and reliable family touring car.
•J Its operation is both simple and natural. The ignition
of the spark is entirely automatic. The brakes are
operated by pedals, not by levers. With the steering
wheel and throttle attached to it operable by one hand,
the other hand is always free to manage the clutches by
the single lever, and, as many women and children have
found, no confusion is possible.
CflThe working parts are easily inspected by removing the
hinged floor and seat falls, and it is never necessary to
crawl under the machine, nor to keep a mechanic to look
Six Other Models: $750, $850, $1,250, $2,000, $3,000.
Send for a copy of Thk Rambler Magazine (free) and learn with what
remarkable facilities Ramblers are made, and better under-
stand why we can undersell other makers of fine cars.
Branches: BOSTON. 145 Columbus Av.; CHICAGO, 304 Wabash Av. ;
PHILADELPHIA, 242 N. Broad St.
Representatives in Maine: The Maine Motor Car Company,
44 Plum Street. Portland.
Main Office and Factory, Kenosha, Wisconsin.
Thomas B. Jeffery (EH Company
"Driving and Automobile Roads in
Penobscot Exchange Hotel, Bangor, one minute from the
New Maine Central Station, has special accommodations for
From Bangor North.
Through Old Town and thence up the Penobscot River
along the old Military Road through Winn and Mattawamkeag
to North Pake, at the head of the Schoodic chain. This is a
very picturesque ride through the valleys of the Penobscot and
Mattawamkeag Pixels, bordered on all sides by hills, more so
as you go north. At North Pake you are also on an excellent
road running north through the heart of Aroostook County,
and south to Calais, Eastport, and returning along the south
shore to Pangor, making a circuit of nearly 400 miles.
Several automobile parties that have been in Eastern
Maine report good roads, better than up-state roads in New
York and Pennsylvania ; and all kinds of fun shooting wood-
cock and ruffed grouse. In fact it belongs to such tourists,
that woodcock have been found so abundant here. Pocal
parties have not hunted for them. In the first place they have
no dogs for them.
From Bangor — South and East.
Through Ellsworth, Franklin, Cherryfield, Machias, and
thence to Calais via Dennysville inland, or Lubec and East-
port, bordering on Passamaquoddy Pay. All of these roads
are in good condition.
Poth on account of the fact that no railroad went into
Washington County till recent!) 1 $99), and that natural road
soil is found in many places, this region has good through lines.
not to mention many side roads.
At most of the places mentioned are famous old inns.
hospitable and homelike. Here have stopped for years the
A gentleman in Cambridge, Mass., spent two weeks last tall on
a hunting trip in Maine. He toured in a Rambler automobile, and
lived largely from supplies so carried.
business men passing through the country, the politicians on
their stumping tours, the lawyers on their way to court sessions
and the judges on their circuit.
From Calais north to Houlton and Northern Maine is a
much traveled road. Automobiles are frequently seen on this
route. Good hotels, all kinds of hunting and fishing, and a
handsome region make this an attractive section for a tour in
late summer or early autumn with team or automobile.
In Hancock County there are unrivaled coast drives along
shores of Frenchman and Blue Hill Bays, and across the
peninsula to Castine and Bucksport.
The Air Line crosses the centre of Eastern Maine from
Bangor to Calais (see Machias River, its roads and camps).
It goes through a good fish and game region. In a score of
places it leads close to famous fishing grounds. It crosses
four of the main rivers, Union, Narraguagus, Machias and East
Machias, between the Penobscot and the St. Croix, and a large
number of their confluents. In many places scenes not soon
forgotten are laid before the tourist. From high ridges can be
seen Mt. Katahdin and Mt. Desert. Again whole river valleys
lie at your feet, and lakes with wooded shores, and islands.
Along the Railroad and County Road at East Machias.
Looking from Lubec to Campobello.
_^»»»»^>>>>->i$:^^ ^ ^^^^^^^^^$^$^^^$ » »^^»$^>^^$9^
Cbe lHalvern Botel, *
Bar Harbor, Me. |
ERNEST G. GROB, - Manager. |
Opens Jtily 1st.
THOROUGHLY RENOVATED AND UNDER
^9 ^9 ^9 ^ ^9 ^9
i Grindstone Tnn, |
$ Winter Harbor, Me. $
ERNEST G. GROB, - Manager.
Opens Jxily 1st.
ENLARGED AND RENOVATED.
OUTDOOR SPORTS OF ALL KINDS.
Coast Resorts on the South Shore.
77 ■ E are aware of the size of our subject, the Maine shore
%%P from Castine to Cutler (inclusive). Of some portions of
it we cannot hope to say anything new or not well known.
The shore of Hancock County is already famous, liar Harbor,
South West Harbor. Hancock Point and Sorrento are familiar
names outside of New England. The scenery along these
shores cannot be described. The whole region is a marvel,
with its hills that seem toned by their long proximity to the
sea, with its sounds that fill the deep openings in the lands.
with its estuaries where the tide Hows for miles to meet the
Bar Harbor possesses all sorts of attractions for the summer
visitor, and its hotels are flourishing again after a few vears of
eclipse. In most places in this region the second and more
permanent stage of development has been reached, and we
find the summer colony. In other sections of Hancock County
many of our best-known citizens have summer homes.
A few years ago President Eliot published an article in
the Century Magazine, "One of the Forgotten Millions."*
which, in a practical story of the every-day life of an old native
of one of the islands off the coast, idealized the most humble
life. It has since been published in book form in the serh s
of ••Types of American Character, John Gilley." I believe it
is a very valuable character sketch.
YYe may be able to say something of interest about the
peninsula between Penobscot and Blue Hill Hays. As shown
by the U. S. Coast and (ieodetic Survey the land runs from
sea level to 100, 200 and 300 feet high all over the peninsula.
For water surface it has a number of fresh ponds and several
arms of the sea. Blue Hill, the highest land (940 feet*, stands
close to the sea. and from its top a very wide view is given,
as there is no land of near its elevation on any side. South
lie bays and ocean, and Mt. Desert: westward. Castine and
Penobscot Pay ; northwest. Hucksport, Port Ivnox and Cpper
Penobscot Hay: north, the hills below Bangor; northeast,
Ellsworth and the mountains at the head of the Narraguagus
and Union Rivers.
The drives about here are magnificent. From Blue Hill
to Bucksport (18 miles) the road leads along high places.
The shore road to Brooklin abounds in scenery. We cannot
specially mention others.
Eggemoggin Reach between the mainland and Deer Isle
is one of the best currents in the flight of our sea birds ;
narrow and long it offers every advantage from its position
and shape for bird shooting.
Blue Hill has many visitors in the summer. In looking
over the list I find it is quite a resort for musicians and pro-
fessional men, some of our most noted. Castine is another
place of fine old families of residents, and of summer
colonists. In fact, too much cannot be said in praise of the
people who have become permanent summer residents of all
East from Frenchman Bay.
Gouldsboro, Steuben, Millbridge, Harrington, Addison
and Jonesport present very similar features in extending long
Inland on Mt. Desert Island.
Portland, Mount Desert, and Machias
206 Miles.— THE PIONEER AND INSIDE (Avoiding Seasickness' LINE FOR MOUNT DESERT.— 206 Miles.
Steamer " FRANK JONES" leaves Portland, weather permitting,
Tuesdays and Fridays, at 11.00 p.m. (aft«»r arrival of train leaving
Boston I'nion Station at 7 00 p.m , for Rockland, leaving there Wednes
days and Saturdays at 5.15 a.m. for
Islesboro, Castine, Deer Isle, Sedgwick, Blue Hill (stage from Sedgwick ,
Brooklin, Southwest Harbor, Northeast Harbor, Bar Harbor,
Millbridge and Jonesport.
Due Bar Harbor 1.35 p.m., Jonesport 5.30 p.m.
Returning, will leave Jonesport, Mondays and Thursdays at 5.00
a.m., for above landings, arriving Rockland 4 HO p.m., Portland 11.15
p.m., connecting with early morning trains for Host on.
Summer Excursion TicKets are on Sale at following rates:
Bar Harbor, Me, and Return, All Hail j
Rail to Portland, thence Steamer
Blue Hill, Me.. Rail to Rockland, and Steamer j
Rail to Portland, thence Steamer
Castine, Me., and Return, Rail to Rockland, and Steamer ,
Rail to Portland, and Steamer..
Dark I [arbor, Me., and Return See Islesboro
I >eer Isle, Me., and Return. Rail to Rockland, and Steamer ,
Islesboro, Me., and Return, Rail to Rockland, and Steamer
Rail to Portland, ami Steamer
Jonesport, Me .and Return, Rail to Rockland, and Steamer
Rail to Portland, and Steamer
Millbridge, Me .and Return, Rail to Rockland, and Steamer
Rail to Portland, and Steamer
North East Harbor, Me., and Rwturn, Rail to Rockland, \
and Steamer I
North Past Harbor, Me, and Return. Rail to Portland,
North East llarh>r. Me., and Return, Rail to Mt. Deceit j
Ferry, and Steamer I
Seal Harbor, Me., and Return, Rail to Mt. Desert Ferry, I
and Steamer I
Sedgwick. Me., and Return, Rail to Rockland, audi
Sedgwick, Me .and Return. Rail to Portland, and Steamer
Sorrento. Me , and Return, Rail to Mt. Desert Ferry, I
ami Ste imer, t
Sorrento. Me . and Return. Rail to Portland, and Steamer
South \\'e>t Harbor. Me., and Return, Rail to Mt. Desert I
Ferrv, and Steamer.. ... i
South West Harbor, Me, and Return, Rail to Rockland, I
and Steamer i
South West Harbor, Me., and Return, Rail to Portland,
Sullivan. Me., and Return, Rail to Mt. Desert Ferry, (
ami Steamer i
Winter Harbor, Me., and Return, Pur. base to Bar Harbor
SI 4. 00
* Stop over. Limited
F. E. BOOTHBY, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Me.
necks of land into the sea, the land being from ioo to 200 feet
above the sea level in a great many places. Grindstone and
Winter Harbor overlook Winter Harbor and Frenchman Bay.
Schoodic Peninsula extends far out to sea, and is over 300
feet in elevation in several places, rising in Schoodic Mountain
to 437 feet. Prospect Harbor is on the east side of the
peninsula. Dyer Neck, Petit Manan Point, the shores and
islands of Narraguagus Bay, Ripley Neck, Jonesport and
Mason Bay are well situated for summer homes. The Portland
and Machias Steamboat Company runs excellent service to all
of these points. In many cases the railroad is not far off.
Machias, East Machias, Machiasport and Cutler.
We do not wish to show partiality, but we must assert our
confidence in the bright future of this region for resorts. The
conditions are perfect. The railroad comes close to the shore
for some distance. Two rivers come together, both flowing:
among picturesque black headlands. Large fresh water lakes
are near at hand. Day trips take you to some of our best
fishing and hunting. Substantial old towns, the homes of
intelligent and public-spirited citizens.
Eight miles from Machias, at Roque Bluffs, is a colony
of 100 cottages. In Machiasport there is considerable of a
summer settlement. The southern point of the latter place,
Point of Main, rises 300 feet perpendicularly from the ocean.
Northwest of this is Jasper Beach, three-fourths mile, crescent
shaped. Polished jaspers are moved to and fro by the tide.
Machias Bay has many islands, and is noted for sea birds and
From East Machias Starbaird Creek below Howard
Mountain, bay and islands; cottages to let. There are high
spruce promontories all about East Machias and Machias. Birch
Knoll and Clarke Point, where hieroglyphics are cut in the
rocks, are near. Inland from East Machias, as shown in
another article, are numerous attractions.
Cutler, reached from East Machias with team, 12 and 14
miles, has all the requisites desired by visitors. Near the sea
and all of its attractions, it also lies close to inland trips,
especially to Whiting, that abounds in fish and ruffed grouse
and woodcock. Bears and deer are plenty. Five bears were
seen in Cutler in one place in 1904, three of which were killed.
Cutler Harbor proper is one of the deepest and safest on the
The 28th annual report of the Maine Commissioners of
sea and shore fisheries for 1903 and 1904 shows a yield worth
>i 5.707.561. It shows that the figures for Washington County
have never been equaled, and that in quantity of fish taken
Washington makes the largest return for both years, 81,388,029
pounds in 1903, 107.630,496 pounds in 1904. The value of
the product in Hancock Count} in 1904. $565,441, was third in
order in the State. Lincoln County being second. I give the
above figures to corroborate what I have been claiming for the
fishing on the shores of Eastern Maine.
in Passamaquoddy Bay,
OPPOSITE Grand Manan Island in the bay of Fundy, there
is a wide break in the coast made by Passamaquoddy
Bay, full of charming scenery, and replete in its early
history. The remnants of a once powerful Indian tribe still
hunt and fish in the waters along the whole length of the St.
Croix River. Before the English Colonists came to the Atlantic
coast, the French had explored and settled on the St. Croix.
Into this bay four rivers How. the St. Croix. Denny, St.
George and Magaguadavic. Cong fiords are at the mouth of
the Magaguadavic and the St. Croix. Three large islands,
Cunpobello, Deer and Eastport, lie in the bay besides man)
Hotels and colonies of cottages are to be found at several
points, Campobello, St. Andrews. Lubec and along both the
American and Canadian shores of the St. Croix River below
Calais and St. Stephen. The fust two places mentioned are
especially attractive, and possess all of the advantages for
yachting, golf and driving. Their nearness to both salt and
fresh water fishing is a feature. Remember all of the Eastern
Maine resorts on the shores are within easy access to the best
inland attractions. At Shackford Head is some fine shore
The S. L. CROSBY CO.
Leading Taxidermists of America
F.rmerly at 203 Exchange St., Ran nrnr Agencies at Rangeley. Green-
now in more commodious and ***»«£vr* j
attractive quarters at 186 lf a ville Jet., and Northeast Carry,
EXCHANGE STREET.... I'lC. Moosehead Lake....
With more suitable quarters and better facilities than ever before, we are now
prepare! to do the very best of Taxidermy work, deliver the finished mounts
when promised, and guarantee absolute satisfaction. All work warranted Moth
In our large workroom, is an immense stock of taxidermy goods — a veritable
museum of woods and water trophies — open always to tbe inspection of the
public. In our main salesroom is a complete and wonderfully varied assortment
of mounted Game Heads, Fish, etc , and Guns, Rifles, Ammunition, Fishing
Tackle, and Hunters' complete equipment, Tents, Sleeping Bags, Knapsacks,
Leggins, Moccasins, Hunting and Wading Boots, Knives, Axes. Pedometers, Flash-
lights, Gold Medal Camp Furniture. Canoes, Canoe Seats, Chairs. Snowshoes,
Rugs, Deer-foot Novelties, Indian Baskets and Novelties, etc., etc. Visitors are
Hunter's Lincenses for Sale. Rifles and Shot-Guns for Rent.
Our Representatives meet all trains at Bangor during the hunting season.
Calais and St. Stephen are excellent places for summer
tourists. Golf, baseball, horse racing, excursions down the
bay in the river steamers, all make a pleasant summer. The
Eastern circuit of races comes to both the Calais and St.
Stephen tracks, and attracts a line string of horses every year.
We believe that many strangers can pass a delightful summer
here at a moderate expense.
Summer Day Sounds in Passamaquoddy Bay.
On calm summer afternoons at different times sounds like
distant gun reports have been heard in and down the bay. It is
an old phenomenon, and the classical allusion is that "Indians
are shooting porpoise." It is believed that these vibrations
are due to peculiar conditions of the atmosphere, and for a
more careful study of them, observers are asked to time their
occurrence, date, hour, etc., and report their observations to
Searles Scientific Building, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine.
St. Croix Valley Association of Mass.
STT. CROIX VAIvLEY
BOSTON ® MAINE, MAINE CENTRAL,
and WASHINGTON CO. RAILROADS,
Over 350 male members in the Massachusetts Association.
Ladies and Children will be included. Former residents of the
St. Croix Valley in Portland and Bangor will join the excursion.
It is open to all wishing to visit the valley whether or not mem-
bers of the two above-named Associations.
ROUND TRIP ONLY $10.00.
Children Five to Twelve, $5.QO-
Tickets good to return within two weeks with privilege of an extension.
Leaves Boston, North Station,
Monday, Aixg. 7, 1905, at 7 a. m.
Across the Old Home State of Maine by Daylight
[n Portland, 10 \. m.; Augusta, at neon: Bangor, at 3 p. m. ;
Calais, al Sunset.
Vouchers on sale that can later be exchanged for tickets. All who are
going will benefit themselves and confer a favor on the management by
signifying their intention early.
G. W. DICKENSON, Secretary, F. B. LIVINGSTONE, President.
87 Milk St., Room 45,
Connects Grand LaKe with all Trains Arriving and Leaving
After the fishing season special runs and charters for pleasure and
hunting parties to all points in Big Lake Region at reasonable prices.
Will answer correspondence freely regarding section.
C. F. EATON, Princeton, Me.
Grand Lake Stream, Washington County,
Maine, Queen of fishing waters, "Home of the
King of game fish, the Leaping Ouananiche,"
conceded the best fishing waters in America
for Ouananiche "Landlocked Salmon" and
Lake Trout. Square tails not so plenty though
good fishing. Ninety miles of Lake Shore for
trolling and three miles stream for fly fishing.
-. 1 Good fly fishing above
dam after 25th May:
stream not open until 1st
June, closed 30th Sep-
No better vacation
country lies out-of-doors:
g 1 Brook Trout fishing
all the Season; Streams
are from one-half to five
miles away from Village.
As a hunting proposi-
tion it stands Al. Every-
thing '"except moose''
abundant in thisterritory,
moose increasing each
seas, in : last year quite a
number being killed in
OUJMAIMAIVICHE LODGE AMD COTTAGES
are in the Village of Grand Lake Stream. Sunset Camps are rive miles on the
shore of Grand Lake. Every comfort at either of these places Open tires, clean
beds, home cooking, good service. Steam Launches by the day or week. Teams,
Guides and Canoes furnished. Land and Camps to lease and sell in various
locations. All inquiries cheerfully answered. Address from April 15 to October 31
The year round.
W. G. ROSE,
Grand Lake Stream,
108 Water Street, Boston, Mass.
Washington County, Maine, or
Telephone, Main 6600
Fisning' TacRle, Ammunition, Supplies for
Hunting and Fisning' Parties.
Glad to answer correspondence regarding guides and other informa-
tion. Central Telephone Office.
TARBOX CSL ELSEMORE,
Grand LaKe Stream.
WINCHESTER RIFLES and AMMUNITION
SHOTGLNS and LOADED SHELLS
^ FISHING TACKLE ^
Sporting Goods of all kinds. Sportsmen visiting Calais will find
a complete assortment of the above goods at the Hardware Store of
TODD BROS., Calais, me.
WEST GRAND LAKE.
n EARLY in the centre of Eastern Maine lies Grand Lake.
To do justice to one of Nature's finest products we wish
to give it special mention. Here are nearly 50 square miles
of water, running to good depths, over a clear bottom over
which are scattered very many large granite boulders. Its
water is very clear, making it possible to see bottom in 20 feet
of water, and so near does it seem that a novice will think to
touch it with his paddle. Great boulders stand in plain view
far below the surface.
High ridges of beech, and birch and evergreens extend
around the lake, in a measure no doubt accounting for the
purity of the water, in that there is no Hat land draining into
the lake. These ridges furnish good filter beds for surface
water. The same features are true of Pokumpus Lake, directly
connected with Grand Lake, and of Dobsis and Junior Lakes.
These lakes are the only natural home in the United States
of the ouananiche of a few Canadian rivers. The St. Croix
River is one of the few rivers in North America that can make
such a claim. Man has transplanted the salmon into many
northern lakes, but here it is our privilege to see one of the
old homes of the ouananiche, and also to find the best fishing
to-day in Maine.
The people on the St. Croix are indeed fortunate who
draw their water supply from these waters, whose freshness
and purity have for ages attracted this incomparable fish. I
have never visited this lake without wishing again that some
great centre of population could draw its water from this
Both West and East Grand Lakes lie in a belt of granite
that comes into Maine from New Brunswick. Lay your pencil
on the map from West Grand Lake to the centre of the East-
ern Lakes of the St. Croix and you have the general direction
of this granite belt across New Brunswick. To give you an
idea of its width, McAdam Junction marks a fair eastern
boundary point, and 10 miles or more south of Winn one of
the western points of its extent. This belt of granite is the
parent source of most of the boulders scattered south of it in
Eastern Maine, carried by ice and water forces combined in
an earlier age.
The curious 4k horsebacks '' of all shapes and sizes in this
whole Eastern Maine region are also of glacial origin. Many
of them attain considerable length. They are from 20 to 80
feet in height and slope at an angle of 30 degrees and more.
Their composition is gravel and sand. Our highways and
railroads depend very much upon them for material.
A number of good camps are on the shores of Grand
and Dobsis Lakes. At the foot of Grand Lake are the prin-
cipal guides in this region, at Grand Lake Stream.
Go to this lake if you can. It is in many respects the
most beautiful sheet of water in New England, and from it as
a centre, a variety of long cruises in canoe can be taken,
coming to the railroad at different points.
A Canoe Trip.
CHIS lake is easily reached from Charlotte, Baring or
Calais. Canoeists who come clown the East Branch of
the St. Croix to Baring can take an added trip of 30 miles in
splendid canoe water by getting hauled from Baring to Meddy-
bemps Lake, a distance of 3 miles.
The lake is about 7 miles long by 3 and 4 wide, and has
hundreds of camp sites on its shores, and islands of all sizes,
50 and more in number. At the foot of the lake is Meddy-
bemps Village, where there are boats and guides. This lake
is the most famous black bass water in Maine, and has
attracted the most famous fishermen in the country. Several
Pink Lodge, Meddybemps Lake.
Boston and New York parties have built permanent camps on
its shores and islands, and more are being added every year.
From its convenient location, near the railroad and yet in the
heart of a game country, it is destined to become more and
more a favorite. With perhaps one exception, the writer
knows of no better region for ruffed grouse, and plenty of deer
are killed close to its shores every year. Seven deer came
into Calais from a camp at the Narrows, north end of the lake,
in 1904. Judge Fowler, of Calais, who has a permanent camp,
" Pine Lodge," on the northwest shore, met a bear on the road
leading to his camp two summers ago.
On the whole the camps about Meddybemps Lake are
very creditable structures, and show that their builders have
determined on this locality as a permanent resort. A word
about permanent camps. Xo one will ever regret an invest-
ment of from 5500 to $1,000 in such a structure in Fastern
Maine. You can get plenty of good hard wood cheaply, and
large open fireplaces are in order. A week or two each year
spent in the open, with your evenings before a blazing log tire
in camp on a spot of earth your own. and you are receiving
not only the standard 12 per cent, on real estate, but also a
sinking fund which in a very short time will wipe out the
original amount expended.
Outlying hills, deep coves, black and hard wood head-
lands and a multitude of wooded islands on its western shore
combine in one splendid effect. Several smaller lakes are
near at hand. Cathance Lake and Pennamaquan Stream,
both in the first rank for trout, are in this vicinity. West of
the lake a short distance lie the upper waters of the East
AROUND THE CAMP FIRE.
The Canadian Porcupine.
CHE porcupine belongs to the order of rodents, one of the
dozen or so large general classes of mammals. In this
order are the rat, mouse, musquash, beaver, hare, etc.
The distinctive feature of this order is that they have only two
kinds of teeth, incisors and molars. The incisors, two in front
of each jaw, are used for gnawing and cutting.
There are several classes of the porcupine family.
1. The Common Porcupine, black and white annulated, not
found in America. 2. Prehensile Porcupine, quills all over
body and legs, brown and white barred, found in South
America. 3. Mexican Porcupine. 4. Brush Tailed Porcu-
pine of Africa. 5. Canadian Porcupine, found in North
America north of 44th and 45th degrees latitude. By the way,
the 45th degree of latitude runs across this Eastern Maine
region, striking the land in the southern part of the city of
The Canadian Porcupine is the one found in Eastern
Maine. In 1903 the Maine Legislature placed a bounty of
twenty-five cents on him, and appropriated $500 to pay the
same. Eastern Maine, in the last two years, has broken all
records in demanding bounty. Late returns in 1904 indicate
that 80,000 had been killed to December 1st. Wesley, Ellsworth
and Princeton, all in Eastern Maine, were first in order of
bounty payers; these three towns alone aggregating over
I have gone thus into detail, not to take sides as to the
wisdom of that law, now repealed, but to show how abundant
animal life is in our woods. No one thought the woods of
Maine had so many porcupines in them. The legislature only
allowed for 2,000, no doubt expecting that number would be
overrun, but not dreaming it would be increased forty-fold.
We do not feel at all sure that it is always safe for man to
disarrange the balance Nature has ordered, and there are many
instances in the world where such attempts, on his part, have
not met with success. We hope the case in hand will prove
This much ought to be certain, camps in Eastern Maine
ought to be safe from the gnawing of the porcupine for a
In the vicinity of Sabeo Lake, on the Machias River,
are large areas of burned lands, from a tire that swept across
from Union River forty years ago. Many large swamps are
still green and thick, of various sizes, many acres in extent.
They afford an unusual and exciting way for hunting deer.
The writer has hunted in that region, and remembers the
excitement of the chase. The most of the party are stationed
about the leeward end of the swamp in the open land, and
along the sides well up towards the leeward end. 'Two of the
party go into the swamp at the windward end, and work down
with the wind in parallel lines. It is not at all uncommon to
start two or three deer, and they will, after a time, break the
swamp and take to the high land.
Much chance is mixed up with it all. They may break
the swamp out of gunshot of those in the open. The more
guns the better. The animal has lots of chances for his life.
It is an exciting hunt and we believe a manly one. though
opposite to the usual methods of still hunting.
Generally you can choose smooth water for your trips.
Xow and then it is necessary to paddle against a wind. In so
doing load your canoe a little heavier forward, so that the bow
will be steady. It is often very easy to make long runs on a
big lake with a wind behind you without using much elbow
grease. In so doing load your canoe heavier back of the
centre, so that the stern will ride steadily.
How to Take a Lake in a Wind in a Canoe.
Indians in most all weather will follow the lee of the shore
of a lake. They do it both because they find calmer water,
and that they get more chances at game close to the shore.
Of a fair wind and a head wind we have spoken. It is
perhaps more common to strike a side wind in lakes. With a
little head work you can keep moving in such a wind and be in
quiet water much of the time.
For example : — Suppose you are at the head of the lake
at A. With a fair wind, or in a calm lake in going to B your
course is the line A B. Suppose the wind is blowing out into
the lake as the arrows indicate, your course will be the broken
and curved line A C B. By following up into the cove C till
near the head of it, you avoid rough water out in the lake
opposite the mouth of the cove. You have a partial head
wind getting up into the cove. After you turn and get across
the head of the cove, a fair wind takes you out till you come to
a lee shore again. This is a safe and comfortable way of
moving, even when a stiff breeze is on so that white caps are
showing in the open lake.
Care of Outdoor Fires.
When you leave a camping place, pour plenty of water
about the edge of your open fire. This will prevent it from
spreading in the turf. Fire will often linger and mull in the
turf for days, and finally fanned by a wind break out and
become a bad tire. The above precaution is always advisable
as a matter of good sense, not to speak of the law. which is
very plain in its requirements. Malice, and burning fur blue-
berries, and local hunting grounds have caused more tires than
anything else on wild lands.
A Moose Yard.
An old guide down east once described a moose vard to
me. which he had seen the winter before. Think of a stream
running through a strip of black growth varying in width from
a fourth to half a mile. On each side of the swamp the land
sloped up to the ridges, and here from the borders of the black
growth grew poplar, moosewood and the like, on which the
As instinct had ordered it. they had selected this place
where the stream ran north and south, and the old guide
insisted that the moose browsed on the west side of the black
land in the morning and on the east side in the afternoon.
using the black growth for shelter. I judge a section of a few
hundred acres was traversed by their tracks. I have been
informed by reliable woodsmen of half a dozen moose yards
by exact location in the last two years.
Forest Colors of Autumn.
Late September and early October furnish ideal color
effects in our northern woods. The first day of last October
(1904) I took a day ride from Calais to Bangor. The panorama
along the Washington County Railroad was beyond description.
Time and again passengers shifted from one side of the car
to the other, en masse, to get a better glimpse of a passing
ridge. The foliage was specially beautiful last fall.
The causes of the great variety of colors are many and
intricate, and questions by no means easv are raised. Obser-
vation and speculation are left for us. I have noticed that
deciduous trees are quickest to turn along the borders of and
in low land, and that, broadly speaking, such trees in the
open turn sooner than those in deeper groves. All agree that
the drying up of the sap in the stalk of the leaf is the first
step in the process. But why such an infinite variety of colors?
Why are some falls so much more brilliant in display
Some claim that those leaves which first come out in the
spring are soonest to turn, since they are on the borders of the
trees and get more sunlight. Others connect the stopping of
the sap Mow with the early frosts which occur a few weeks
earlier in the low lands than on the ridges.
Mr. Springer, in "Forest Life and Forest Trees," suggests
that the transparency of our northern atmosphere plays a large
part in the general color effects. He says: "The red maple
is most remarkable for the varying color of its leaves, which
greatly beautify forest scenery. The leaves begin to turn in
the latter part of summer and during the earlier part of autumn,
from green to deep crimson or scarlet. The forests of no other
country present so beautiful a variety of coloring as our own ;
'even corresponding climates with the same families bear no
comparison.' The difference is said to depend 'on the greater
transparency of our atmosphere, and consequently greater
intensity of the light; for the same cause which renders a
much larger number of stars visible by night, and which clothes
our flowering plants with more numerous Mowers, and those of
deeper, richer tints, gives somewhat of tropical splendor to
our really colder parallels of latitude/
Moose and Bears Killed in 1904.
The estimates below have been formed from corrobora-
tive statements from residents and guides in the different river
basins. Mr. Geo. \V. Ross, Chief Fish and Game Warden of
Washington County, was also consulted as to the moose; and
Mr. E. H. Smith, of Machias, who has bought more bear
skins than any other man in Maine, as to the bears.
In Washington County, the east end of Hancock County
and in the Passadumkeag River region we believe we are con-
servative in putting the number of moose killed at seventy.
In Washington County, in both the trapping and hunting-
seasons, thirty bears killed. I desire to say that I am well
acquainted with the men from whom I have obtained my esti
mates and I believe they are reliable.
History of the Moose in Eastern Maine.
Many of the old residents can remember when moose
were very plenty. For a number of years they were not here.
During the past live years the}' have been reported seen and
killed, more each year.
[ t m iei) States I
iikuv, Grand I.ak
Stocking Eastern Maine Lakes.
Ilelow we show what has been clone in [904, an average
year with the last five years. Our figures are from Mr. Geo.
W. Ross, Chief fish and Game Warden. The figures are in
cans, of 250 to 275 finger lengths.
Lake Local Party Interested
Hog, L. B. Wilder.
Borden, G. W. Ross.
Blue Hill. Mr. butler.
Cathance, Machias Parties.
East Grand, G. W. Ross,
I • I
Local Party Interested
N. P. Baker,
H. A. Allen,
W. B. Robinson,
G. W. Ross,
Peaked Mt. Pond,
G. W. Ross,
N. P. Baker,
fl . ^lfc tt fe*
Looking from the Highway into one of Eastern Maine's Granite Quarries.
M (< \K
r r1 t
fi^si- fic^ss AgMusl lU hxoJj^f
U/o-o <sC s
"Open Season for Fish and Game
1905-1906, in Eastern Maine.
Bears, Wolves, Wildcats, no close season.
Deer, Oct. ist to Dec. 15th. Two deer may be shot. Deer
meat cannot be sold or given away for transportation out of
the State. Farmers can protect their crops from deer.
Foxes, no close time.
Moose, Oct. 15th to Dec. ist. One Bull Moose may be shot
with at least two prongs. Moose meat cannot be sold or given
away for transportation out of the State.
Mink, Sable, Muskrat and Fisher, Oct. 15th to May ist.
Rabbit, Sept. ist to April 1st. Shooting and box trapping
Raccoon, no close time.
Squirrels, no close time.
Ducks and Kindred Birds, Sept. ist to Dec. ist. Limit, 15
in one day. In this list are wood duck, dusky duck, teal, gadwall,
mallard, widgeon, shoveler, pintail, redhead, scaup duck, lesser
scaup duck, whistler, burrlehead, ruddy duck.
Plover, Snipe, Sandpiper, Aug. ist. to May ist. Limit on
Plover and Snipe, 15 in one day, Sandpiper, 70 in one day.
Ruffed Grouse, Sept. 15th to Dec. ist. Limit, 15 in
Woodcock, Sept 15th to Dec. ist. Limit 15 in one day.
Salmon, Togue, Trout and White Perch, from ice leaving
till Oct. ist, except in St. Croix River and its tributaries till
Sept. 15th. Local limits on amount to catch at one time, but
no one but a fish hawk need know of them. Citizens of Maine
can do ice fishing February to April.
* Penalties are fixed for all violations of the law. Dogs, lights, and
traps cannot be used tor hunting deer and moose. Send to Maine Fish
and Game Commissioners, Augusta, Maine, for Complete Laws, 1905
Revision. Sunday is close time on all game. We thank Commissioner
L. T. Carleton.
The Guide Law.
See " Preparations for a Cruise," etc.
Non-Residents Must Take Out License to Hunt
Big Game, also Birds.
All non-residents must first obtain a license before they can
lawfully hunt Moose or I )eer in Maine. License fee is £15.00.
Licenses can be obtained by sending the fee to the ( lommissioners
of Inland Fisheries and Game, Augusta, Maine; there are also
agents at all principal points in Maine who have them for sale.
Hunters not domiciled in Maine will be charged $5 for license
for all kinds of birds and they may carry ten birds out of the
State. On presentation of the bird license, they will be entitled
to a game license for Sio.
Transportation of Moose and Deer by
Your license and good luck in getting the game will take
care of this question.
Passamaquodd"x Indians on Wesi Grand Lake.
Camp ^d Tourists' Outfits
Tents, KnapsacKs, Canvas Clothing and Leggings, Thompson's and
Ideal Boots and Shoes, Sleeping Bags, Rubber Blankets and Ponchos,
Camp Stores and Utensils, Camp Furniture and Folding Beds, Drink-
ing Cups, Pocket Compasses, Lanterns, Cutlery, Hunting Knives,
Mattresses, Packs and Pack Harnesses, Cameras and Supplies,
Moccasins, Pedometers, Etc., Etc.
Just now a lot of the well-known
New "Worcester Double Hammerless Guns.
Entirely New, 12 and 16 bores, at $18.00 Each.
HIGHEST QUALITY FISHING TACKLE: Fine Rods, Reels, Lines, Baskets, New
Grout Bait Box, etc., etc. Agents for the New Liberty Reel. Best and
most improved reel yet produced, etc. Kodaks, Cameras, etc.
WM. READ (EL SONS, - 107 Washington St., Boston.
THe Lakeside Press
Railroads, Hotels and Resorts
This Guide Book is an Every-day Specimen of Our 'Work,
•9K - 4