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Ooe generation shall jncaue thy works unto another, and dedare thy power.— The memorial 
of thine atMmdant kindness shall be shewed ; and men shall sing of thy righteousness. 

Piolm exlv. 4, 7. 


,1 » in • * • >* • *••■•■" * 

 ' '^ .k[y^^T>\VOL. XL PART XL 

•i . 3 ■». 

.■» .1 * * 

•• • 


-I ft 

\Xj:: \\ -^^}y:>'^ OXFORD, 



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BOOK 11. 


Disturbance in Buckinghamshire. Bishop Hoper visits. The 
bishoprics of Worcester and Gloucester united. The Duke 
of Somerset's daughters. The Duchess, &c. The King goes 
a progress. The gests thereof. The Duke of Northumberland 
goes into the north. Lord Guilford Dudley, llie Bishop of 
Bath's exchanges. Dr. Walter Haddon, &c. The King's sales 
of Church lands. Merchants of Bristol, &c. P. 1. 


A commission for inquiry into heresies. The new service. 
The Bishop of Durham's troubles : deprived. A synod. Ar- 
ticles of Religion framed : and a Catechism^ confirmed. Ar- 
ticles for uniformity. Bernard Gilpius*s sermon at court. P. 1 9. 


New sergeants. Lady Mary visits the King. The King's sales. 
A Lasco's judgment of the ceremonies. Divers books printed. 
Leland the antiquarian dies. P. 29. 


Commissioners from France. Corruptions at Court. Paget, 
Beaumont, and the Earl of Arundel, their submissions. The 
university of Rostock's letter to the King. The King*s dili- 
gence^ and good example. Free schools by him founded. P. 42. 


Popery in Corpus Christi college^ Oxon. Dr. Heins dies. Im- 
manuel Tremellius preferred. Bishop Ponet's book. Knox 


at Newcastle. Lady Anne of Cleves. Day, late bishop, his 
judgment about altars. Commissions. Sir William Bowyer. 
Ordinations of ministers. Places and offices bestowed. P. 52. 


A Parliament. The bishopric of Durham dissolved. A general 
pardon. Certain excepted. The King removes to Greenwich, 
Knox*s last sermon at Court. Summoned before the Coun- 
cil. Earls of Pembroke and Westmorland. Sir Andrew Dud- 
ley. Sir John Williams. Melancthon. North-east passage. 
Archbishop Holgate. P. 64. 


A design to enter into league with the Protestant princes. The 
present condition of the Emperor. The embassy to him from 
England. Letters from the English ambassadors, concerning 
the state of the Low Countries. P. 78. 


The King's ambassadors in France^ and to King Ferdinand, and 
to the Emperor. Their access to his presence. Instructions 
sent them for their proceedings. P. 93. 


Anno 1553. Order for subscription to the Articles of Religion 3 and for the 
teaching and learning of the Catechism set forth by the King^s 
authority. Irish matters. The Duke of Northumberland. 
Lady Mary's letter to the King. Divers great matches. The 
King's gift to London, &c. The King's death. His last will. 
His funerals, &c. His character. P. 104. 


A view of the manners of all sorts of men in these times : nolHc^ 
lity : gentry : yeomanry: judges : the poor : the clergy. J?. Ml;^ 


Observations concerning patrons ; the universities 3 the city 
court. Taxes in this reign. P. 141 


Creations of noblemen. The King's counsellors. Courtiers aft. 
great officers. P. 15 



A catalogue of the Bishops in this King's reign j with remarks 
upon them. P. 165. 


A catalogue of divers letters, orders of Council, commissions, 
&c. sent and given out in this reign. P. 174. 


Animadversions upon the History of the Life and Reign of King 
Edward VI. written by Sir John Hayward. P. 179. 


Commissions and proclamations issued out from the King upon 
divers occasions, annis 1550, 1551, 1552, and 1553. P. 198. 


Divers acts of the King's grace and favour, shewed to his cour- 
tiers and others. P. 214. 


f A collection of various letters, warrants, and licences from the 
I King, both to foreigners and his subjects. P. 239. 


A Collations, presentations, grants, indulgences, and permissions 
to churchmen, and men of the universities. P. 257. 


A catalogue of King Edward's free grammar schools, founded by 

iV| bim. More private matters concerning the King's household. 

The conclusion. P. 278. 


.' 1- 

•S J3-I 











turbance in Buckmghamshire. Bishop Hoper visiii. 
lie bishoprics of Worcester and Gloucester united. TTu 
hike of Somerset s daughters. The Duchess^ fcc The 
Ing goes a progress. The gests. The Duke qf Nor* 
\umberland goes into the north. Lord GuiUybrd Dudley^ 
is son. The Bishop ofBaiKs exchcmges. Dr. WaUer 
laddon^ &c. TTie Kin^s sales. The merdumiii qf 
iristoWy &c. 

BT us now take another review of tins year, and pilbtxksm xiiH* 

divers other voxx^ private matters that happened widiai 

compass of it. 

lAndlcnrds had now so wracked their rents, and laiitd i ^ m nn 

m so high frcxn the old wont, that the Uanaaen gpew irety a^db^ 

contented ; or ratha- oontmued so, fsartiy tasr iimi nasnil, 

I partly for the contimuDiGe of the desarth at provMicaM, 

)t up still by some of the ridier sort : wUdi 

)ther insurrectkm, about the beginiBiig of this ji 

ickin^anishire. The pieteiioe wheraof wai^ W liar« 

^ upon easier rests, and victnals better ebcaft TW 

ief man that headed this tmrndt wm a taaner of Jhsmih 



BOOK field in that county, called Isaac Herae; who was after 
taken and indicted, but pardoned. His pardon bore date 

Anno 166«. April 29. 

^*"*q^A The reverend father John Hoper, holding the see of 
Bp. Hoper Worcester in commendam with Gloucester, (Worcester be- 
viMti Wor- ing void by the late deprivation of Heth,) as he had vi- 
sited Gloucester, anno 1551, bringing certain articles of re- 
ligion with him, to be by that clergy subscribed ; so now, 
1552, he went in visitation to the diocese of Worcester 
Two canons with the same articles. But in the church of Worcester 

there refuse 

subscrip. were two canons, named Johnson and Jolliff, who refused 
uon to his ^ subscribe, and protesting against them, charged the said 
articles not to be catholic, nor agreeable to the ancient 
doctrine : with whom the bishop entered into a dispute, 
and had much trouble. And at length sent up a full ac- 
count thereof to the Council. 

But however Popish these men were, they made a shift 
with their consciences to continue in their places throughout 
this reign, for ought I find to the contrary; and under 
Queen Mary had more preferments heaped upon them. 
Johnson got a prebend in the church of York, and a rectory 
in the same county. JollifiP became Dean of Bristow. John- 
son wrote against Hoper'^s articles, but kept his writing pri- 
vately by him during King Edward's rdgn ; till JoUiff car- 
ried the manuscript with him beyond sea to Lovain, in the 
beginning of Queen Elizabeth, and printed it in Antwerp, 
1564, with additions of his own, under this title, Responsio 
sub Protestationejacta, &c. i. e. An Answer made under Pro- 
testation to those Articles of John Hoper , bearing the name 
^Bishop of Worcester y in which he dksagreedfrom the Ca- 
tholic Jaith. Together with some confutation of the said 
Hoper; and the replies of the right reverend JixAer in 
Christy Stephen Gardtpier, bishop of Winchester^ at thai 
time detained in prison for the confession of thejhilh. De- 
dicating the said book to the King of Spain. 
Visits Giou- After the Bishop had done his visitation in the diocese of 
jecondtime. Gloucester, hearing his articles were not subscribed to by di^ 
vers of his dergy, and many abuses still remained tb^e^ 


he hastily went over that diocese again, and administered CHAP, 
certain interrogatories, both for the clergy and the laity : 

which were these that follow : Anno i55«. 

Interrogoitories and examinaUons agavnsi the clergy. 

I. What is the cause of his non-reddency, and whether Hoper's in. 
his curate be sufficient ? riwu^ 

II. Whether the communion be used in such place, and ^ J®"* 
alter such sort,. as most varieth from, and is most distant 
bcfOL the FojHsh mass ? 

III. Whether they preach any doctrine to avouch pur- 
gatory, pardcms, auricular confesidon, praying to saints, the 
Bishop of Rome, holy water, holy bread, palms, ashes, 

IV. Whether they allure the people to the love of any 
other person or persons within this realm, or without, to this 
intent, that the people should favoiu: them ? 

V. Item^ Whether they say one part of their service 
softly, and the other aloud, as they were wont to say the 
PatcT'-ncater with a small voice, and the psalms with a loud 

VI. li&n^ Whether they sit at one part of the service, 
and kneel at another, and stand at another, as they were 

VII. liem^ Whether they use any month^s minds and 
anniversaries ? 

VIII. Item^ Whether they use any corporas cloth in the 
communion P 

IX. lUm. Whether they ring or knoll the bells in the 355 
time of the communion, or between mattins and the com- 

X. lifm^ Whether they su£Per the people to i»t at the 
epistle, pind stand at the gospel ? 

XI. liem^ Whether at the visitation of the sick they 
bear the sacrament with covering their heads with the sur- 
plioey or at their breast, or with any light : or, when they 
come into the house, they su£fer the people to kneet and 
honour it? 



BOOK XII. Itenij Whether any of them speak imreverently c^ 
Grod the Father, the Son, or the Holy Ghost, gc mock and 

-^■^ ^^^-soom at Ae word, laws, and promises of God f 

XIII. Item, How many priests within the deanery have 
subscribed unto the articles that I put forth unto them ? 

Agamst Ae laity. 

XIV. Whether the midwives at the labour or birth of 
any diild, do use any prayers or invocations to any saints, 
(saving to Gfod <xily in Christ,) for the deliverance of the wo- 
man : and whether they do use any salt, herbs, water, wax, 
ckidis, gjmdils, relics? 

XV. Item, Whether any midwife refuse to come to any 
woman-labouring of child, for religion sake, or because she 
is a wife to a minister of the Church, that hath married, or 
do marry, both by Clod's laws and the King's? 

XVI. Item, How many priests within this deanery have 
subscribed to my artides? 

Hoper Hcper having been Inshop <^ Gloucester about fourteen 

deed of gift ^^'"'^^ made a deed <^ gift. May 1^ to the King, dT the 
^fj^^y^ said Inshf^yric, viz. of all the lands and annuities which by 
tbe King, means of that Ushojvic he enjoyed : and also a Dedimus 

potestatem annexed to the same, directed to Jc^n Tayler, 
otherwise called Baker, and to Jciui Coventre, to reo^ve 
the ocmfirmation <^ the said deed, to be made by the Dean 
and Ch<^ter there, to the said King^s Majesty. This was 
in cfFder to the disserving this Inshc^Hic, and the founding a 
new Indiopric, by the imiting of this of Gloucester and that 
of Worcester into one. 
'^1^^'*^ In April he was translated to the bishc^fNric of Worcester, 
with all the IcMxIdiips, mancHrs, &c. during his life : and a 
patent was granted to JcJm Hoper, Ushop of Gloucester, 
to be Inshop of Wixcester, and for the uniting the bishc^ric 
of Gloucester with that of Wmicester. So that the juris- 
detion <^ the Ushcfpnc oi Glouoestor shall now cease, and 
be aoeoimted parcel of the Indiopric of Worcester, kabend. 
Mi durante vita, quamdiu se bene gesserii, (for so it is set 
down in the manuscript,) anno 6 £dw. VI. without any 


other date. Soion after, another patent was granted him for CITAP. 
the discharge of his first-fruits. ^ ' 

In September he reerived a letter for the surrender ofAnnoi65«. 


the bishopric of Worcester, to the end there be a new col- Surrenders 


lation of the same. 

I find another patent and grant made by the King to Union of 
this Bishop, dated December 8, an. 6 reg. Edw. VI. viz. f^^ Wo!^' 
uniting the bishoprics of Gloucester and Worcester into one ; ccstcr. 
and to be one from henceforth, and one diocese, and so to 
be reputed and taken. 

And yet another granted him soon after, to be Bishop of 356 
Worcester and Gloucester for life. By another patent the^^P*'.. 

"^ * made bi* 

King gave him, and his successors for ever, to the main- shop of 

tenance of the same Ushopric, the manors of Alchurch, ^JJ*]^^' 

Kempsey, Hallow, Grimley, Blockley, and Astcm, in the cester. 

eounty of Worceister; and the hundreds of HeswoldslowTheen- 

and Patslow, in the said county ; and the manor of Cleve, this 

in the county of Gloucester : also the manors of Maysmore, 

Brokthoi^, Harscomb, Preston, Longford, Droyscort, and 

Brockworth, in the county of Gloucester : and the manors 

of Ruge and Farleigh iti the said county: and the manors 

of Hopemeleshal, Dewchiurch, and Kilpeck, in the county 

of Hereford, lately belonging to the monastery of St. Peter'^s 

in Gloucester : and the scite of the manor called the Vine- 

yardy with the park, and the King^s part of the manor of 

Lasfflngton, and the half c^ the wood called Woolridg, 

and Le Perch ; with the parsonages and churches of Hart- 

purie, Maiscombre, and Upton, in the city of Gloucester ; 

and of Canyme, Northlach, Eenysfml, Welford, South- 

semey, and Standiishj in the county of Gloucester ; and of 

Dewdiurch, Kilpeck, Glaseburyj Deyenock^ Cowem, ai^ 

Envias Harndd, in the county <^ Hereford: and the par- 

flonagie and church of Newport, in the county of Wenlock, 

in Wales ; and the chapel of Piperton in Hereford : and all 

Ae tenths in the parishes of Standish, Culdrick, Hardwick, 

Overoxiinch, B;anwich, Parva Harveld, Netheroxlineh, Sail, 

Putley, Farley, and Auney St. Crucis, in the county of 

Gloucester ; and in Devenock, Wentworth, and Talthworth, 



BOOK in Hereford: and the portion or annual rent of BSs. 4ed. to 
be taken from the rectory of Resimsford, and yearly paid 

Anno i66«.by the Vicar of the same church for the time being; and 
526*. of the rectory of Teynter ; and 10*. of the rectory of 
Rencomb ; and 26*. of the rectory of Nevinsfeld ; and 26*. 
of the church of Newport, in the said county of Wen- 
lock : and the tenths in Aldesworth, Linton, and Skipton 
Solas, in the county of Gloucester ; with all the advowsons 
belonging to the aforesaid manors; with the advowsons 
and collations of the vicarages of Hartpurie, Maysmore, 
and Upton S. Leonards, in the county of the city of 
Gloucester ; and of Camyer, Norlech, Kemesmisford, Wel- 
ford, Southsemey, and Standish, in the county of Glou* 
cester ; and of Dewchurch, Kilpeck, Glasebury, Devenock, 
Coweme, and Envias Harrowld ; and the presentations of 
chaplains or stipendiaries of those chapels of Maysmore, 
Camyas, Stinchecomb, and Piperton, in the counties of 
Gloucester and Hereford ; which came to the Eing^s hands 
by the concession of the said John Hoper : so fully and 
entirely granted as they were before put into the King^s 
hands, by reason or pretence of gift, or concession, or sur- 
render of the said Hoper : which are extended to the dear 
annual value of 1000 marks, above and beyond the tenths 
and yearly rents for the time to come reserved by these 
presents. To have to him and his successors for ever ; to be 
held in pure and perpetual alms : 

Hit tenths. And rendering thence yearly to the King at the Court of 
First-fruits and Tenths, 66 Z, 13*. 4td, at the feast of our 
Lord^s Nativity every year ; to be paid in the name of the 
whole tenths, and of the tenth part, as well of the premises 
granted to the Bishop and his successors, and of the bishopiic 
of Wigom and Gloucester, and of all the manors, rectories 
&c. and for full recompence of all tenths. And when the 
separate and annual tenths of the foresaid bishoprics in the 
357 Court of First-fruits and Tenths, heretofore yearly paid 
inter se, did extend to the sum of 136/, 10*. S^d. Yet the 
King granted by these presents the said Bishop and his sue* 
cessors to be acquitted and disburdened of all sums of maofy 


and burdens, besides the said annual tenths of 6&. IBs, 4d. CHAP. 
And this said Bishop to be discharged of the first-fruits for ^^^' 
this one time. And the Eing^s Majesty doth covenant to Anno i658. 
discharge him, and his successors, yearly, of 183/. 6s. S^cL 
yearly to be paid to John Bell, clerk, late bishop of Wor- 
cester, out of the foresaid manors belonging to the same bi- 
shopric ; and of 5Z. yearly to be paid for the fee of the 
chief steward of the foresaid manors ; and of 42^. paid for 
the moiety of the fee for keeping* the Bishop^s palace of 
Worcester ; and to discharge him of other, &c. But of, &c. 
and 261. ISs. 4d. yearly, to be paid to John Tayler, alias 
Baker, gent for keeping the register of the Bishop of 

In June a warrant went to the officers of the Court of He it |wr- 
First-fruits, to discharge the said Hoper, bishop of Wor- ^^.f^'J^, 
cester, of all the first-fruits. Nay, and so much was he £eu- • 
Youred, that a letter was sent to the Lord Chancellor, to 
take order, that no person should demand a fee of him* 
This letter was wrote December 1552. 

In the month of May, there was a call of these sergeants Sergeants 
at law, Robert Brook, recorder of London, James Dier, John ^ '*^* 
Caril, Thomas Gawdy, Richard Catlyn, Rafe Rookesby, 
William Stamf(»*d, and WilUam Dallyson, esquires. And 
a warrant was issued to the Lord Chancellor, to make out 
writs to than, that his Majesty having nominated them to 
be sergeants at the law, therefore they should prepare them- 
selves for the execution of the same, upon pain of the for<* 
{dture of lOOOZ. apiece. 

The good Duke of Somerset having been beheaded inTbedaugh- 
January last^ the King and Council took care of his ^our^^^J*^ 
younger daughters, as he had six, viz. Anne, Margaret, Somerset. 
Jane, Mary, Katharin, and Elizabeth ; all bred up to I^^u^'b^^^'^' 
ing- For I find, by order of the King, they were committed, Wwr.Book. 
May 2, 1552, to the Lady Cromwel, who was to have 502. 
per aon. for each of them : which salary was, November 1, 
increased to 100 marks a year ajnece. One of his daughters, 
PUT. the Lady Elizabeth, was before in the keeping of the 



BOOR Lady Smith, (the wife, I suppose, of Sir Thomas Smitl 


who had belonged to the Duke ; or periiaps ratha: the wii 

1 Mt. of. Sir Clement Smith, who was her aunt.) And in Februat 

there was a warrant to the Exchequer, to pay to that lad 

an annuity of 100 marks towards the finding the Lady El 

zabeth, one of the late Duke of Somerset'^s daughters, durin 

the said Elizabeth'^s abode with her. One of these ladies, vi, 

Jane, the third daughter, the Duke her father secretly L 

boured to match with the King, and employed the Loi 

Strange much about his person, to recommend her to bin 

and to take his opportunity to move the King that way ; i 

that Lord confessed in the said Duke^s last troubles. Bi 

she died unmarried, as also did two of her sisters, Margari 

and Kathann. Those that were married were, Anne tl 

eldest, who was married to John Dudley earl of Warwicl 

and eldest scm to the Duke of Northumberland, and afte 

wluds to Sir Edward Umpton, kni^t of the Bath. Elizabet 

married Sir Richard Knightly of Fausly, she being his s 

358cond wife. Mary was married twice, first ta Sir Bicha] 

Rogers of Brianslo in the county <^ Dorset, knt. and oft 

to Sir Henry Peyton, knt. Yet I find that Margaret afor 

said was desired in marriage by the Lord Strange, in tl 

year 1551 : for a letter was directed from the King ai 

Council, to the Earl of Derby, his father, dated in Jut 

that tl^ Sang^s Majesty was well pleased, that his son shou 

solemnize marriage with his kinswoman the Lady Margan 

daughter to the Duke of Somerset, But perhaps the Duki 

disgrace and misfortunes, that soon after befell him, was tl 

occasion that that match took not effect. 

1^ As for the Duchess, she ranained in the Tower, (as d 

must do all this reign.) In the beg^ning of the year 155 

1002. was assigned her out of the profits of the late Duki 

lands, by a letter of order to the Chancellor of the Au 

mentations, to be paid to the Lieutenant of the Tower i 

her use. And it being the good time of Easter, leave ^m 

given to Bishop Hoper, formerly the Duke^s chaplain, 

vim, her. 


May 6, the Lord ChanoeUor, the Bisliop of London, Sir chaf. 
John Cheke, Dr. May, Dr. Wendy, were appointed viflitorB '__ 

of Eaton college. May 14, Mr. Riley, vice-jHovoBt, iqppeared. Ab^ i**t. 
Hurland, the usher, and Avise, a fdlow, were warned to j ^j^iej. 
appear : and Fawding, one of the fellows, was committed to 
the Fleet for lewd words. 

June 10, Covent Garden and Long Acre, (which have CoTcot 
imjnroved wnee to such a vast estate,) were given to the Earl ^^^^^* 
of Bedford. 

This summer, in the same month of June, King Edward The King's 
began his last prepress. It had been resolved, the extent J^u.*^ 
of the progress should be to Pool in Dorsetshire, and to 
come back by Salisbury homeward to Hampton Court: 
fifty pound of gold was coined of the new standard, to 
carry about in this progress; of which these were the gests : 
June ^, he removed to Hampton Court ; thence to Oat- 
lands, another of the King'^s houses, where he stayed about 
eight days ; thence to Guildford in Surrey ; thence to Pet- 
worth in Sussex ; thence to Condrey, Sir Anthony Brown^s 
bouse, where the King was most nobly banqueted ; thenoe 
to Halvenaker, a pretty house beside Chichester ; thence to 
Warblington, a fair house of Sir Richard Cotton^s ; thencae 
to Waltham, a fair great old house, formerly belon^ng to 
the IKdiop of Winchester, at that present the Lord Trea- 
sarer^a. In all these places the King had good hunting 
and good cheer. Thence to Portsmouth ; where the King 
wdl viewed the town and the haven, but cluefly the bul- 
warks : of which he gave this account in a letter to Fitz- 
Patric, ^^ that the bulwarks were chargeable, massy, wdl Hit i^mf- 
'' ramjnred^ but ill fashicmed, ill flanked, and set in unmeet] 
^ places : that for the town, it was weak in comparison d 
^ what it ought to be ; that it was too great, there bong 
*^ within the walls large closes, and much vacant room : that 
*' the haven was notably great, and standing by nature e$my 
^ to be fortified. For the more strength thereof, he AestmA 
^^ two strong castles on either side of the haven^ ni thif 
" mouth thereof.'' From Portsmouth he went to TuMMilf 
the Earl of Soulhamptcm's house: thence to SotHhanipt/m. 


BOOK The dtizens had put themselves to much cost against his 
comings by painting, repuring, and rampiring of their walls. 

Anno 1662. Thence to Beaulieu, or Bewly, a little village in the middle of 
the New Forest: thence to Chrisfs-church, a little town in the 
same Forest ; where the King was the 22d of August : thence 
35p to Woodlands; thence to Salisbury; thence to Wilton; thence 
to Wotisfunt, the Lord Sands^s house ; thence to Winches- 
ter ; thence to Basing, the Lord Treasiurer'^s house ; thence 
to Donnington castle, near the town of Newbury ; thence 
to Reding ; and so to Windsor, whither he came Septemb. 
15; and thence, Septemb. ^, to Hampton Court again. 
While he was at Christ^s-church, he wrote an ingenious ac- 
count of his progress so far, to his favourite Bamaby Fitz- 
Book Til. Patric, then in France : which is preserved in FuUer^s His- 
P*"- tory. 

Kings at The King went this his progress in great state, beseem- 

^^: ing a monarch : and he took along with him, as part of his 

King. retinue, four kings at arms, viz. Garter, Clarencieux, Nor- 

roy, and Ulster, the only king of arms for all Ireland, whom 

the King had made the last February ; and three heralds, 

viz, Somerset, Rouge Dragon, and Blewmantel; and ap- 

pointed them handsome allowances for their diet : the chief 

kiag had ^s. a day, and the rest 6^. 8d. The noblemen 

and officers that attended the King had each a band of men 

to go with them, which amounted to the numb^ of four 

thousand: but the country being very poor, both in hay 

and grass and other provisions, they were dismissed, and 

only one hundred and fifty culled out to go with the King. 

Prepwation Among Other preparations for this progress, a letter was 

for the pro- ^^^^ jujy ^^ ^ g^. phiHp Hoby, surveyor of the ordnance^ 

to be resident within the Tower, joining with the Lieutenant 
of the same, to take good order for the keeping thereof, and 
of the city of London, in the time of progress. He fell sick 
in the Tower soon after his coming there, so that in Au^ 
gust the King licensed him to repair into the country. Fiir 
the King^s own furniture and apparel. Sir Andrew Dudley, 
who was keeper of the wardrobe in Westminster, was or^ 
dered to deliver to Azanius, the King's armourer at Green- 


wich, a yaid oi crimaan vdvet and a yard <^ satin, to trim CH \r. 
an headpiece (or his Majesty : tot it seems the King did, in 

this noble progress, scmietimes ride in armour. And a war- Amm isst. 
rant was sent to Humfirey Orme, keeper of the standing 
wardrobe of the Tow;er of London, to deliver to Thomas 
Chappel, the King^s bedmaker, one bed, and a bolster of 
fustian, filled with down ; which, I suppose, was the King^s 
travelling bed. The said bedmaker received of Sir Andrew 
Dudley, for the appareling of the new bed, seventeen yards 
and an half of for the o^er, tester, and double va- 

lance ; six yards and an half of taffeta to line the ceiler ; 
eleven yards and half of red Bruges satin to line the 
tester; four yards of Turky alk incarnate; twenty yards 
of crimson damask for curtains; twenty-two yards and 
three quarters of crimson capha, for a damask to the same 
bed ; seventeen yards and an half of crimson damask for a 
rich counterpoint; ten yards and an half of changeable 
sarcenet to line the same ; and two papers, with part of aiw 
other paper, of passemain Ifu^ of gold ; containing together 
sixty-seven yards, to garnish the curtains and ceilers of the 
same bed. 

Yirhile the King was in his progress, the Duke of Noitli-TWIM« 
umberland, general warden of all the marches towacds SeoU^]|^^^ji 
land, being gone down thither, with the Earls of Hunting'-' «>i>«»4ww 
QOQ and Pembroke, to take a view there, whidi was byj^mlU*. 
order of Council in May; having so done, aooordin|^y wwte 
to the King the state of those places : and advised^ thai 
some new fortifications should be made in Berwick; thai 
A some unnecessary expences there should be retrendicd; thm 
^1 thaie mi^t be a general deputy warden, and three father 
jA wardens of the three marches; recommending one tor iht^HGtp 
Del ^^uty. He mentioned also to the King, eertmn ouikm^ 
^1 that is, some in the borders that had robbed and i|wilcd ; 
W these were willing to return to their obedience tiptm a 
^ j pardon. To this letter of the Duke^s the King in aJl ptmtU 

figneii and sent an answer, in July, flgmfyioup^ ^ thai'/v i(^«^f 
" the BSng thought his oinnkm good, and very ntammjf^^*^ 
^^ concerning a new piece to be made in Barwicfc^ mtd ikm^^^^' 
** charges thereby diminished And tberefim his fika^ir^; ^'^' ^^^' 



BOOK « was, that he, the Duke, should give order and direct! 

' ** there for the new plat and device, and to cause such pa: 

Anno 1559. (( q{ thg works to be first advanced as shall most need, o 

** before the other. And also, his Majesty did well all< 

** his good opinion, to have a deputy general over all t 

** three marches, and deputy wardens there : where 1 

** Majesty thought none more meet than the Lord Whj 

'^ ton ; of whom the said Duke had thereto a good opinic 

^ And finally, that the King was contented that cert£ 

" persons outlawed, and of their voluntary wills retumc 

** should have his mercy shewed them.^ Here the Du 

saw 10,00(M. disbursed, which was sent down before him. 

Reports There was notice taken by the people, that the Duke 

D^'t not Northumberland went not with the King in his progres 

poing with which made some surmise, aiid others talk abroad, i 

cording as they would have it, that the Duke was in d 

favour at court, and was commanded to be absent. Th 

when it came afterward to the Duke^s ears, was not to 

put up by him : and the complaint was brought before t 

Council ; and the reporters, some of them, were found w 

punished. For so we meet with this order of Council 


Some com- « Sept. 26, one John K3rrton was committed to the Fie 

reporting ^^ ^^^ reporting that the Duke of Northumberland shot 

^^« ^^ be commanded to be absent from the court, with ott 

*^ slanderous reports. And one John Burrough was co 

** mitted to the Tower for the like matter.'' 

A match While the King was in his progress, he endeavoured 

tbe Lord g'^^J this Duke, by forwarding a match between the Lc 

mdif ^Md <^"^^^<^<1? Ws son, and a daughter of the Earl of Cumb 

the Earl of land. For this marriage had been earnestly laboured to 

^^J*'' brought to pass ; and the more, for that there were gn 

daughter impediments pretended. Whether the Earl had no incUi 

Toured. tions thereto, and to conceal the same (for it was not safe 

deny Northumberland any thing) gave out these impe 

ments : perhaps some precontract ; or, more probably, 1 

cause she came of a family related to the royal blood. I 

Warr. Book, this purpose, there was a letter writ by the King, in Ju 

to the Earl of Cumberland, ^^ de^ng him to grow to so 


^< good end forthivith, in the matter of marriage between CHAP. 
'* the Lord Guildford Dudley and his daughter; with li» ^^^' 

^^ cenoe to the said Earl, and all others that shall travail Anno 1 559. 
^^ therein, to do their best, for eonducement of it to effect ; 
^< any law, statute, or other thing to the contrary notwith- 
^^ standing.^ And that the Duke was the impulsive cause 
of the King^s writing this earnest letter in his son^s behalf, 
may appear by a letter which he forthwith sent to the said 
Duke, signifying as well his Majesty^s writing and speaking 
to the said Earl heretofore, for this matter of marriage, as 
his writing again at this present, for the permitting thereof, 
with licence thereof to the said Duke, his son, or any tor 
diem, to travail therein, any law, statute, or other thing to 
the contrary notwithstanding. But though this, whatever 
die cause was, succeeded not, (and perhaps the forwarding 36l 
this match might be one of the ends of his going down into 
the north,) yet the next year the ambitious Duke had his 
defflie fiilly, and joined this his son to the Lady Jane, of 
die blood royal) (though it proved his own and their de- 
structions,) and his elder scxi. Sir Andrew, to the said Earl 
of Cumb^land^s daughter, as we shall see in due place. 

The King, this July, made an exchange (for the benefit An ex- 
of some of his craving courtiers) with the Bishop of Bath^j,^^]^ 
and Wells. The King' to have the chief mansion of the of Bath, 
deanery of WeUs, with the lands within the prednct there- 
of, and the manor of Westoker, and the patronage o^ the 
parsonage thereof, and the borough of Wellington and 
Stoguney, in the county of Somerset, and the park of 
Wedmore, and an annuity coming out of the manor of 
CHtttonbury : and the Bishop to have the chief mansion 
Monging to the Bishop of Bathes see, commonly called ^ 
^iAop of Bath and WdW palace^ and all within the pre* 
onct of the same ; and the house in Wells appcnnted for 
tk safe custody of clerks convict, and the manors in Wells 
tad Westbofough, and the borough of Wells, and the hun- 
ched of WeUs, and all the appurtenances ; which lately the 
and Bidmp had made over to the Duke of Somerset, and now 
were fiorfeited to the crown, and so reverted again upon 


BOOK this exchange: but he was to pay yearly to the King 
^^' the manor of Wells lOZ. For this there was an indent 

Anno 1569. between the King and the said Bishop, viz. that the Bisi 
had bargained and sold to his Highness, his heirs, and 
ecutors, the chief mansion, &c. And then the King mac 
gift to the said Bishop, in consideration of the said barg 
and sale, and to his successors, of the chief house of 
see, &c. to be holden in pure alms. 
Dr.Haddon About this time the King and Council had provided 
***** ^id f '^^ masters for two colleges ; the one in Cambridge, 
president of Other in Oxford. Dr. Walter Haddon, a very learned ; 
^[^^*°* honest man, doctor of the civil law, that had lately b 
removed from King's college to be mastier of Trinity 1 
in Cambridge, (of ,. whom the King had made great us( 
his proceedings, and in commissions for religion,) was 
tended to be promoted to the presidentship of Magdi 
college in Oxford; Dr. Oglethorp, the present preside 
having been dealt withal to resign. So, July ^, Dr. Mo 
was recommended to be master of Trinity hall in O 
bridge: and, August 14, Dr. Haddon was appointed to 
elected master of Magdalen college, Oxon, at Michaeli 
next, when Oglethorp promised to resign. But it happen 
that neither Oglethorp was after willing to resign, nor 
fellows to elect Dr. Haddon ; which caused the King, a 
one letter written to that college in behalf of Haddon w 
out success, to send them a second angry one. But at 
he was placed there. 
Sir Andrew Sir Andrew Dudley, brother to the Duke, having b 
J^o^jyp"*- captain of Guisnes, an high and honourable post esteei 
in those times, and got into debt by the service there, 
now, in October, sent for home, to prevent the inconvi 
ences of a feud between him and the Lord Willough 
captain of Calais: whereby he became nearer about 
King*s person, and was made one of the four principal ^ 
tlemen of the King's privy chamber ; he was also keepe: 
the King's wardrobe in Westminster. He it was, that in 
362 beginning of the King^s reign, being in the Pauneey, on 
the King^s ships, met at sea with the Lion, a principal t 


3f Scotland, and giving her a broadade^ did so maul bar, CHAP. 
Jiat he took her. ^'^• 

The King took care <^ the Tower; and now, in October, Anoo iMt. 
^sstablished articles and ordinances for Sir John Gage, <^on- ^|[|^?^''^ 
stable thereof, and Sir Edward Warner, newly made lieu- Tower. 
::«nant, and for the yeomen of the guard, with others, ap- 
pointed to give attendance in the said Tower of Londcm, 
For the sure keeping of the same, to be observed and kept, 
upon pains therein limited. Sir Anthony Darcy was Ueu- 
tenant hitherto ; but in the month <^ October, the said Sir 
Anthony received a letter, to deliver by indenture to Sir 
^ward Warner the charge <^ the Tower, with the pri- 
vaaecsj and all other things thereunto belcmging. 

And for the relief of the country, and for the making Prodama. 
oommore cheap and plenty, a proclamation came forth inttuLe.'^ 
November, willing and charging all justices of the peace, 
! diligBitly to have respect to the due execution of a statute 
; Qttde the last session of Parliament for tillage, to be used 
I ssit was in any one year since the first year of the reign of 
1 Eng Henry VIII. 

It was the King^s pressing need, I suppose, that occa- Commis- 
, Boned somewhat a severe commission to be issued forth this^^'^^ ' 

year, not only to take away out of churches all garments sr^ods from 
; «»d other utenrils used formerly in superstitious worship. "•""•""• 
I out to take, fo^ the King^s use, all goods belonging to the 
diuiches that could be spared : and then, to be sure, little 
Wugh would be left. Now in November, a letter was di- 
luted to ** to take all certificates and returns of the 
^ late commission, directed to divers countries, for the said 
^ survey <^ church goods, and to devise the best means for 
^ the bringing and converting to the King^s use such goods 
*' as could be spared in the churches.*" Among other things 
that came into the King'*s possession by virtue of this commis- 
sqo, was good store of linen, good and bad, as surplices, altar- 
doths, towels, napkins, &c. used for the celebration of mass. 
Tbese the Bishop of London, as it seems, as much as was 
4iind in the churches of London, or of his diocese, begged 
iorlbe poor children of ChristWhurch : and accordingly a 


BOOK letter came from the King and Council to the Bishop of 

^^* London, to deliver to the Governor of the hosjntal of 

Anno 1 562. Chrisfs^hurch in London, such linen vestures and other 

linen cloth not employed for the ministry in the said 

churches, as of the Eing^s ^ft, for the poor orphans, and 

other poor people. 

The King The King was now selling away apace the rectories and 

8di8 away ^dyQ^gQug Qf guch churches as came into his hands by act 

rectories. . . j 

Book of of Parliament, either from the joaonasteries, chantries, and 
^' free chapels, or by exchanges. I will here give an account 
of a few of these purchases. 
ToRere Thomas Reve and George Cotton purchased the par- 
and Cotton. gQjjage of East Pury, alias Potterspury, with the appur- 
tenances, in the county of Nottingham, with divers other 
lands, to the yearly value of 852. 7^. 6d. for the sum of 
li&ll, 8s. B^d. paid to the treasury. 
To Whiting A patent was granted to John Whiting and Thomai 
and Free- pj^gmmi^ ^f thg county of Leicester, gentlemen, of the pa* 
rish and church of Wissenden, in the county of Rutltfidy 
lately belonging to the priory of Sempringham, in iiM^ 
county of Lincoln ; and the parsonage of Moulton, and th^ 
363 advowson and right of the vicarage of the parish chinch oC 
Moulton ; and the parsonage of Winswick, and the advow<r 
. son and right of patronage of the vicarage of the pante 
church there, in the county of Huntingdon, lately bekiQj^ 
ing to the priory of Huntingdon, &c. Et iUis est concesiWK^ 
rectorias prcBcUctcts ad proprios ustis. Dated Nov. 18^ ISfifc* 
For which they paid 1S24Z. 13^. lOid. 
To Brad- A patent granted, and stands in the book next to thal^ 
shaw. mentioned before, to John Bradshaw the elder, of the par** 
aonage and church of Prestend, with the right of the pCr- 
tronage of the vicarage of the same, in the county of 
ford, late parcel of the monastery of Wigmore, in the 
county, with all com and hay in the parish of Prestend. Hi' 
iUis est concessum ccmvertere^ &c. 
To Marga- Another purchase of the great tithes in the town «nJ 
re rown. g^y g q£ Wyke, and in Pershore in Worcestershire, by 
Margaret Brown, for the sum of 2662. 4^. 


A patent was granted to Sir Rowland HiU, knt [and al- CHAP, 
derman of Londcm,] for the sum of 408/. Ids. 8d. of the 

parsonage and churdi of Sainton upon Hyne Heath, in the ^^^ ****• 
county of Salop; and the advowson, donation, and free dis-j^ ^yi^ ~ 
position, and right of patronage of the vicarage of the 
[^hurch, and one rectory in the county of Chester ; and the 
rectory of Sherf, with the appurtenances, in the counties of 
Salop and Stafford: to have to him and his heirs, of the 
yearly value of 172. 17^. 9^^. Et quod convertere possit 
pnedictas rectorieu adproprios usus. 

To which I will add another purchase, (though it hap- And to 
pened two or three months after,) made by Thomas Cecyl, cecyL 
son or relation to Sir William Cecyl, secretary, and John 
M, for the sum of 20552. 19s. 9^d. of the parsonage of 
Canfield, with the advowson of the same, and divers other 
advowsons and chantry lands, and lands ^ven to the 
nuimtenance of priests, to sing soul masses, and to the 
nuuntenance of obits, &c. in divers shires ; which were ex- 
tended to the clear yearly value of 942. 3«. 9d. to them and 
d)^ hdrs, to be held in soccage, and part in capite. Dated 
FA. 9. 

These sales were made for raising money for satisfying C ^ mm m" 
theCDg'^s debts: and as a commission came out lately to^^f^^y, 
certain persons for the sale of 1000/. lands, so a warrant ^'H** 
in November came to the Lord ChanceUcn', signifying to 
him, that it was his Majesty^s pleasure, that immediately 
upon the determination of the said commisskin, he lAu/uUl 
make out three other like commis^ons, one after sanAher^ 
under the great seal, putting into every of them lOWl/. 
[lands per ann.j to be sold by the said commis^noner^ in 
Hke manner as the other. These commissioners were, th« 
ffidu^ of Norwich, Sir Jdin Grates, Sir Philip Ilritjy, fe/:. 

The King now took care of the merchants f^ Ilni(t//ir/;M m^f 
and allowed one. Edward Prince, Thomas Hick^ awl If// JJ,'^'^;/ 
bm Butler, merchant adventurers of that dty, t// tififtf^- h f"*^ • "'^ 
master of that mystery, and two wardens, an^l tniuU^ ti n y/il^/X^,i, 
ooiporation for ever : which makes it seem as t\u0»0i itt^ts^ 
were no corporation of merchants before in that city, kfni hH 



BOOK free traders: unless perhaps this corporation was esta^ 
^^' blished for the traders into some particular parts of the 

Anno 1553. world, which are not mentioned in the manuscript. 

364 Two embassies were now, Decemb. % preparing to be 
^^"Tt despatched. Sir Andrew Dudley was going to the Em- 
the Em- peror : and a letter was sent to Morison, embassador in 
Ftaush'' ^^^^ court, wherein the affairs of the ambassade of the said 
King. Sir Andrew was commended to him. And Sir Henry Syd- 
ney wasjambassador to the French King: and letters were 
sent to Sir William Pickering, lieger there, touching the 
business about which Sir Henry was sent. 
iThe magis* About this time letters were sent to the King from the 
strasburgh i»a^strates of Strasburgh, (from which place the learned 
Mud for Peter Martyr came last into England,) to permit the same 
tyr. reverend man to return again to them; for that they needed 

him in their public schools. But the King, and Archbirfiop 
Cranmer, and as many as favoured sincere religion and sound 
knowledge in divinity, were loath to lose him from Oxford, 
where he now was placed the King's professor. Therefore a 
letter from the King was sent to Christopher Mount, th« 
King'*s agent in those parts, residing there, to make relatioi 
The iUng'8 to the Said ma^strates of Argentine, " that Peter Martys 
answer. ^ ^hom they desired to return thither for the govemmen 
of their schools, could not depart hence, he being already 
appointed reader of the King'^s Majesty'^s public lecture 
of divinity at Oxford, and was admitted free denieei^ 
" and to desire them to accept his Majesty's doings herei) 
" in good part.*" 
NavBistores The King took care of his shipping : and to supply him" 
brought in g^jf f^^^^ ^j^^ ^^^ country with cables, corda^, and other 

tion. tiaval Stores, in the month of February he agreed to allow 

ten clothiers of Suffolk to make five hundred coarse cloths, 
for the use of Richarcf Crag, of London, draper, to be 
transported to Dansig, and the eastern parts ; commanding 
the customers to take bond of the same person, to bring in 
the said naval provisions, as much as should amount to the 
value of the said cloth. 




CHAP. XV. 365 

A commission Jbr inquiry into heresies. The new service. 
The Bishop of Durham's^ troubles : deprived. A synod. 
Articles of Religion^ cmd a Catechism^ confirmed. Arti- 
cles Jbr y/nifbrmiiy. Giipin'^s sermon at court. 

JMOW for a few matters relating to religion, or reli^ousAimoi55«. 
men. A commission was directed this year, dated in Octo-Acommis- 
ber, to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, ^^^'b^. 
and other worshipful persons in Kent, to make inquiry after resies in 
sundry heresies lately sprung up ; and for the examination *" ' 
and punishment of erroneous opinions, as it seems, of the f , 
Anabaptists and Arians : of which sort some now, notwith- ' 
standing former, severities, shewed their heads. Under pre- 
tence of this commission, some Papists of that country did 
hope to bring divers honest professors of the gospel into 
trouble. And indeed these were the chief procurers of this 
commission, and were joined with the Archbishop in it: 
dissembling, nevertheless, to be indifferent in the matters of 
rdigion. The Archbishop and commissioners sat at Ash- 
&rd. Among others questioned at this commission, a man 
«nd a woman of good life, and professors of religion, living 
at Adiford, were accused falsely by several employed for 
that purpose, to have been lewd together in an house : 
where, the witnesses said, they saw them by moonshine, at 
deven o^clock at night, in an entry on such a side of the 
house, and on such a day of the month. And they cried 
<»it to the Archbishop, for exemplary punishment to be 
taken on them. The Archbishop going that day to dinner. The Arch- 
passed by the side of the house where this lewdness was pre- gaL^ty. 
tended to be committed : where making a stop, by consider- 
ing found that the moon, on the day sworn, shone on the 
<idber ode of the house at eleven o^clock, and was hardly up, 
or but just rising at that time. So that it appeared not 
possible to see into that part of the house at that time, by 
tbe help of the moon. And considering withal the good 
reputation of the man, and of the woman especially, and the 



BOOK ill disposition of the accusers, by this means the sagacious 
Archbishop made a clear discovery of the innocency of these 

Anno 1668. two folks, and the malicious wickedness of their adversaries : 
and so he set them both at hberty . And when a year or two 
after he was himself in bands at Oxford, he sent a present 
to the good woman, by one W. P. to whom the Archbishop 
told this story, and who writ this account ; desiring her to 
forgive him for his straitness used towards her. And the 
Fox, 1st gaid person carried this present unto the woman, and de- 
1477. ' liv«*ed the message accordingly. 

Orden As the revising, perusing, explaining, and finishing the 

new rerited Bodc of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacra- 
Common ments, had been committed to the Archbishop, and certain 
Book. other learned divines ; so the work was completed, and was 
Bookf*" printed ojff by Grafton, in the month of September, anno 
366 I^I* But it seems the book was not so correct as it should 
be; for September ^7, an order came to Grafton, the 
printer, in any wise to stay from uttering any of the books 
of the new service : and if he had distributed any of them 
among his company, [of Stationers,] that then he give strait 
commandment not to put any of them abroad, until certain 
faults therein were corrected. And, probably, one reason of 
this order might be, for inserting the article for declaring 
the right meting of kneeling at the communion. For which 
there was an order in October. 
The reri- These reviewers, before spoken of, were Cranmer, Rid- 
ley, and certain other doctors ; whereof Dr. Cox was one : 
who being met together at Windsor, diligently, as their 
scope was, reformed the book according to the word of God. 
T^de^ And they intended also to proceed to the restoring of a 
nsfton dit- good discipline in the Church. But here great stop and op- 
<^i>i^^' position was made ; and loath men w^e to be brought under 
ecclesiastical discipline. Of this, Cox wrote to BuUinger, 
Cox to October 5, 1552. Therein he told him, '' that they had 
Baiiinger. « already altered the rites of the public prayers and sacra- 
<< ments, and framed them according to the rules of Grod^s 
^^ word. But we hate, said he, those bitter institutions of 
'* Christian discipline. We would be sons, yea, heirs, but 



** we abhor the rod. And he prayed Bullinger, that he CHAP. 
*' would by his letters stir up the great men and nobles, to ^^' 

take particular care about this discipline; without which, Anno i56«. 

with gi^eat grief he spake it, the kingdom of God would be 

taken away from them.'' But something Cox met with in 
Bullinger's fifth Decad, in the place where he treated of the 
Lord's supper, which he was not satisfied in, and which 
looked contrary to an order they had made in the Com- 
munion-Book, concerning communicating the sick: which 
that learned man seemed not to allow of, for want of a con- 
gr^ation, which four or five persons could not make. 
Where Cox propounded this inconvenience, as arising from 
his opinion ; ** What if, when the Lord's supper was to be 
^^ publicly administered, all should go out, or refuse, besides 
** three, four, or five, that stayed to receive ; might not the 

sacrament be lawfully administered to them ? Why then 

should the sick be deprived of that liberty ?'^ Of ihis he D, 
desired BuUinger's fuller solution. 

But as for the aforementioned book, thus reformed. The new 
called now the new service^ it was ratified by the Parlia- J?^^^ "' 
ment that sat in January following, in an act, entitled. An 
Act far the Uniformity of Common Prayer^ and Ad/mvnis^ 
traUon of the Sacraments. Whereby aU persons were en- 
joined to resort to th^r parish churches on Sundays and 
holydays, to hear those prayers, and to abide there quietiy 
and soberly, upon pain of the censures of the Church : and 
no other forms to be used, nor any present at such forms, 
upon pain of imprisonment. 

There had, about the year 1550, been a conspiracy in the Bishop of 
north : to which the Bishop of Durham had been privy ; but ^^^* 
thought fit to conceal it. But one Ninian Menvil discovered 
it; and withal informed against the said Bishop: where- 
upcm he was in danger of misprision of treason. This busi- 
ness against the Bishop came before the Council in the month 
of June, when it began to be considelred: but the King 
being then about taking his progress, it was resolved, June 
19, to defer it till his Majesty's return. About September 
the Bishop was sent up for by the Council, upon certain ac- 367 



BOOK cuHdtionfi. And accordingly, about the faegnnmig of Ocb>- 
' ber, htf was in I^ndon. And on the 4th and 5th dqrs d 

Aoiioi&6t.the Haid month, lodged at the late mnnaarpiy of Wlote 
Monks on Tower-hill ; and aoon after was wn ii iitlffd thence 
to the Tower ; and a special oommiflooD appcanted &r Ub 
trial. Which commission was directed to Sir Roger Chohne- 
ly, lord chief justice of the Cng*s Bench, Sir Bidiaid Bead, 
John Gosnold, Richard Goodrick, Robert Cfaidkj,  
Stamford, esquires, and Richard lid, doctor of the kw, 
&c. or to seven, six, or five of them, '^ to call befote them, 
^* at such time and place as they should think oimvemeBt, 
** Cutbert, bishop of Durham, and examine him of aD maii- 
^* ner of conventicles, conspiracies, contempts, and oonceil- 
*^ ments, or other offences. And if he be found goStCyj to 
'< deprive him of his bishopric ; and otherwise, to do in the 
Anddepri. *^ premises according to their wisdoms,^ 8e& In fine, he 
^***°' was found guilty, and deprived, the 14th of October, of his 
bishopric; or the 11th day, according to King Edwaid*s 
The bi- And as Tunstal was thus deprived in October, so in No- 

hlesiowld vember following a grant was made to Robert Home, pro- 
upoD Horn, fessor of divinity, and dean of Durham, of the said Insbopric, 
'with all the lordships, manors, lands. Sec to the same be- 
longing, during his natural life. But in an Apology writ by 
the said Horn, soon after his flying abroad under Queen 
Mary, it is evident that he accepted not of it : and the les- 
son why he refused it was, because he cared not to take 
Tunstars bishopric over his head. Yet Tunstal, when re- 
stored in the said Queen^s reign, was his great and chief 
enemy, as he complained in the said apology. The 
liishopric was soon after dissolved, with an intent to found 
two in the room of it. 
Mriii lit* re- JJut a worrant was issued out to Sir John Williains to pay 

Will dtfll r * w 

to Menvile, [for his good service in making this discovery,] 

Outiawrd ^y ^^y ^^ ^'** Majesty's reward, the sum of lOOL but he 
uiukr iittid for this afterwards. For in the first and second of 
Coll. Ill- ^^^R Philip and Queen Mary, under the name of Ninian 
•liL par.iu. Mtfwile nuper de Sedwich in com. Dunelm<, Armig. he was 


indicted in the Eing^s Bench of high treason, [perhaps he CHAP, 
was concerned in Wyat''s business,] and upon process he was 

outlawed, and so returned. He lived to the fourth year of Anno i66«. 
Queen Elizabeth : in whose reign, long after, his daughter 
and heir brought in a writ of error in the Eing'^s Bench 
against her father^s indictment; wherein two errors were 
assigned. And the outlawry was reversed, (Mmo regin. 

De Chambre, in his history of the bishops of Durham, Bishop 
i^ieweth how Menvile, (whom he calls Rinian Menvile,) as the Dean 
he accused Bishop Tunstal of concealing a conspiracy in the *^?"^^ 
north in the year 1550, so in the year 1548 he had also ao- conspiracy 
cused him, together with his chancellor, and the Dean : a>^d^jj*j^|: j. 
I suspect it was of a crime of the like nature ; for it is {n'o- par. i. 
bable enough, that as in that year there was a dangerous 
rebellion by Papists broken out in the west, so there might 
be another hatching in the northern parts, to back them. 
Upon this accusation, the. said Bishop, and the two other 
accused with him, were summoned up to London; where 
the Dean, named Dr. Whitehead, formerly the prior there, 
an ancient man, and not used to these harasses and troubles, 
ended his days, and was buried in the church of the Mi- 
nories, London. 

Hay ward, that undertook to write the history of King 368 
Edward^s life, was ignorant of all this. For this is all he^^yj^*'^ 
writ of Bbhop Tunstal'^s troubles; ^^That he was sent to the 
'^ Tower for concealment of I know not what treasons, writ- 
^^ ten to him, I know not by whom, and not discovered 
^' until what I shall call the party, did reveal it.'*'* Because 
he could pick nothing else of this matter out of King Ed- 
ward'^s brief Journal, which was the main assistant of his 
history, and he could not tell where to go, or would not take 
the pains to give himself further information, he sets it 
down after this sarcastical manner, below the gravity of a^ 
historian ; and all, the better to conceal his own ignorance, 
and to tax the government. Was this writ like an historian, 
whose office is to relate.and^ve the reader pUin and satis- 

c 4 » 


BOOK factory accounts of things? But this is a digresaon ivludi 
^^' the r^er will pardon. And I proceed. 

Anno 1559. While the Parliament was ^tting this winter, a synod aho 
A 8]rnod. was held ; wherein was framed and concluded a book of 
Articles of Articles of Rehgion, taken out of the word of God, purified 
WaifBook **"^ reformed fix)m the errors of Popery and other sectfc 
« But it was in the month of May, anno ISSS,^ (I tran- 
scribe out of the Warrant-Book,) '^ that these Artides, 
^^ agreed upon by the bishops and other learned men, in 
<^ the synod at London, in the yeai* of our Lord 165S^ for 
'< avoiding of controversy in ojnnions, and the establishment 
<< of a godly concord, in certain matters of reli^on, were 
<^ published by the King^s commandment^ And a book, 
containing these Articles, was then eigned by the Elng^s own 
A Gate- j^ Catechism for the instruction of children in the funda- 
pioTed by mentals of true religion passed the said synod ; but who was 
the iynod. ^^ author was not known in those days. Bishop Ridley 
was charged to be the author and publisher thereof, by 
Ward and Weston, in the disputation with him at Oxford ; 
who falsely also told him, that Cranmer had said so but the 
day before. Ridley declared he was not, and that Cranmoc^ 
would not say so. But he confessed that he saw the book, 
perused it after it was made, and noted many things for it: 
and so consented to the book. Weston then told Ridley, 
that he made him at the synod to subscribe it, being then a 
bishop, as he said, in his ruff: but Ridley replied, he com- 
pelled no man to subscribe. Indeed he set his hand to it; 
and so, he said, did Cranmer ; and that then it was given to 
others of the convocation to set their hands, but without 
compulsion. Ward then would have framed an argument 
out of this Catechism against Ridley, to prove, that though 
Christ was ascended into heaven, yet he mi^t be on earth ; 
and so consequently in the sacrament: and then quoted a 
passage out of it. Si visibiliter et in terrisy &c. 
Licence for What I have to Say more of this Catechism is, that it 
^"" ^ * ' seems to have been pubUshed in English as well as in Latin, 


^iutt John Day printed it, and licensed to come abroad 155S. CHAP. 
Jot, according to the Warrant-Book, ** in September, 1552, 

** a licence was granted to the same printer, to print it both ^nno issf. 
^^ in Latin and English, the King having caused it to be set^*"'^*'^* 
"forth:" but it was not printed before 1553. And the 
reason it was so long between the licence and the publica^ 
tion, (half a year and more,) I conjecture was, because it 
was thought fit to have the allowance first of the convoca- 
txxi, for the ^ving it the greater countenance and authority. 
It was certainly writ by Alexander Noel, as I find by com- The author. 
paring Node's Catechism and this together. The coUocu^SGQ 
tores are in both Catechisms the same, vi%. magister and 
audUor. And in many places the very same questions and 
answers are given verbatim ; only NoePs Catechism, pub- 
lished under Queen Elizabeth, is much larger. In May the 
next year, viz. 1558, the Council sent their letters abroad 
in behalf of this Catechism, enjoining it to be taught to 
scholars, ^^ as the ground and foundation of their learning," Enjoined to 
as it is expressed in the Warrant-Book. schools. 

At the same time were many letters issued out, dated May Articles for 
20, to the clergy, " That the King had sent unto them cer- ^^^"^^^ 
** tain articles (which were fifty-four in number) for an uni- 
** form order to be observed in every church within the realm : 
^^ which articles are there said to be gathered with great 
** study, and by the greatest learned men of the bishops,'^ 
&C. These articles were enjoined for uniformity in rites, Vide Cran- 
as the last year were framed the articles for uniformity in ^^J^^' 
doctrinCy h&ng forty-two in number, though published notch. S7. 
before June this year. And thus, by the care of the Arch- 
biafaop, the reformation of the Church seemed to be com- 
pletely provided for. But what these articles were, I cannot 
tell ; nor do I know any book or manuscript but this, where 
-there be any footsteps or mention of them. 

Bernard Gilpin, famed in the north for his good zeal to Gilpin 
religion, and his care of his flock, was sent for up to court J[^u,^ 
to preach before the King. In obedience to which he came 
up, and on the first Sunday after Epiphany he preached, 
though the King, upon some occasion detained, was not 


BOOK present to hear him. It being a notable sermon, not 9fB' 
ing vice, in whomsoever he met with it, and pcnnting to tlie 

Anno 1558. comiptions of these times, I shall briefly give some aooomt 
of it He preached upon the gospel for the day, wiuck 
was Luke ii. be^ning at ver. 49, taking only one dantt . 
of it, Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's iiui- 
ness f The method he chose for his discourse was, to shew 
in order, how all estates of men, the clergy, the nobililji 
and the commonalty, were under the bands of this oUigi- 
Uon. They must be about their Father^'s budness. And he 
must, he said, cry so unto all estates, as well ot the ecde- 
riastical mimstry, as of the dvU governance, together with 
the vulgar people, 
to* tT^fh* ^® began with the priests, who, he said, seined to hare 
•ennon. brought blindness into the whole body, making men to for- 
get their heavenly Father^'s business. Then he shewed the 
avarice and ambition of the clergy in former days; and 
how the Bishop of Rome abused Peter^s keys to fill Judas'*! 
sachel; how he dispensed with all prelates that broug^ 
any money, from obeying Chrises commission given to Pe- 
ter. Feed, feed my lambs and my sheep ; and stretched it 
so largely, that instead of feeding Christ's Iambs and sheep^ 
he allowed them to feed hawks, hounds, and horses, I will 
not say, said he, harlots ; and instead of fishers of men, he 
made them to become fishers of benefices. He hroug^ 
preaching into such contempt, that it was accounted a great 
absurdity for a cardinal to preach after he had once bestrid 
his moyle. And then he declared, that if he had that gpft, 
strength, and calling, (though he were sure to smart for it,) 
he had rather speak against the Pope^s enormities in Hasae, 
than to speak of them there. Then he declaimed against 
the intolerable abuses that came from Rome, and could not 
be driven away, and sent to Rome again to their fiulier: 
370 he meant dispensations for pluralities and totquots, and for 
non-residences : which had, he said, so many patrons, that 
they could not be driven away, together with other abuses. • 
From the clergy he intended to turn his speech to the 
Eong and the nobles; but they were not then present 


\£^lHkexeBt be used these words; ^^I am come this day to CHAP. 
^3i*^ prelu^ to the King, and to those that be in authority un- 

*►* der him. I am very sorry they should be absent, which Anno i65«. 

.^ ougjit to give example, and encourage others to the hear- 

t:^ ing of Grod^s word. And I am the more sorry, because 
. ^ other preachers before me complain of their absence. But 

- •* you will say, they have weighty affairs in hand. Alas ! 
"*"' : ^ hath Grod any greater buaness than this ? ^But in their 

- ** absence I will speak to their seats, as if they were pre- 
^ s&Qt.*" And so he proceeded to speak to the King, and 
dm> to the nobles. Whereof, concerning such of them as 

- were patrons of Uvings, he said, that they saw that none 
did their duty : and that they thought as good to put in 

' asses as men : and that as for the bishops, they were 
aever so liberal formerly in making of lewd priests, but 
.they w^re at that present as hberal in making lewd vicars. 
&e dared to say, that if such a monster as DervU Gatherel, 
the idol of Wales, burnt in Smithfield, could have been 
well conveyed to come to set his hand to a bill to let the 
patron take the greatest part of the profits, he might have 

had a benefice. For worldly offices, they searched meet 

and convenient men ; only Christian souls, so dearly bought, 
were committed, without respect, to men not worthy to 
keep sheep. 

He advised the Kipg to send forth surveyors to see how 
benefices were bestowed and used, how Christ and his gos- 
pel were robbed and dishonoured, to the great decay of the 
realm and commonwealth. That he should find but a small 
Bumber of patrons, that bestowed rightly their livings, 
seeking Grod^s glory, and that his work and business might 
be rightly applied. For that it was almost general to ob- 
serve of every one of them, his farming of them to himself or 
lus fiiends, and to appoint the rent at his own pleasure. But 
wcNTse than all this, a great number never farmed them at all, 
but kept them as their own lands, and gave some three half- 
penny-priest a curate's wages, 91. or lOZ.— -They began 
first with parsonages, and seemed to have some conscience 
towards vicarages. But now their hearts were so hardened. 


BOOK all is fish that comes to the net That there were vktnMi) 

mm " 

about London, having a thousand pecqile bdonpng H 

Anno 155S. them, so spoiled. Grentlemen kept in their hands fivinip 
of 40Z. or BOl. and gave one that never came thesre, fiLor ft 
Some changed the grounds of the benefice with their ttM 
nants; to the intent, that if it were called for, the tOMit 
should lose it, and not they. He could name the plift 
where a living of an hundred mark by the year, [mentknol 
in the margent, viz. Crostwait and Cheswic,] had been soli 
for many years, he supposed an hundred, save one ; and w 
continued still. That noblemen rewarded their servnli 
with livings appointed for the gospel— —That he was ndt 
able to rehearse, nor yet any man knew, all the abuses 
which the simoniac, ambitious, and idol pastors had bron^ 
into the land. By whose examples, ravenous wolves, paint- 
ed Christians, hypocrites, had entered and defiled the sano- 
tuary, spoiled Christ and his gospel, to the destructioa of 
his flock. 
371 Then he descended to shew what gross superstition and 
blindness remained among the people, through lack of fiEdth- 
ful preachers. He passed over much infidelity, idolatry, 
sorcery, charming, witchcrafts, conjuring, trusting in fi- 
gures, &c. which lurked in comers, and began of late to 
come abroad, only for lack of preaching ; they thought bi^ 
tism not effectual, because it wanted men^s traditions. A 
great number thought it a great offence to take the sacm- 
ment into their hands, that had no conscience to receive it 
with their blasphemous mouths.— —Many, because th^ 
saw not in the church the shining pomp of painted cloths, 
candlesticks, images, altars, lamps, tapers, they said. As good 
go into a bam : nothing esteeming Christ, who spake to 
them in his holy word ; neither the holy sacrament, reduced 
to its first institution.— —That the Devil, by those cormo- 
rants that devoured the livings appointed for the gospel, 
had made a fortress and bulwark to keep learned pastors 
firom the flock; that is, so to decay learning, that there 
should be none learned to commit the flock unto. For by 
reason livings appointed for the ministry, for the most 


pvrty were dther robbed of the best part, or clean taken CHAP, 
pevajy almost none had any zeal or devotion to put their 

duldren to schools, but to learn to write, to make them ap- Anno i56«. 
prentices, or else lawyers : the two wells, Oxford and Cam- 

hcidge, almost dried up. The decay of students so great, 

llMt there was scarce left of every thousand an himdred : 
iddiDg^ that if they decayed so fast, in seven years more 
Hwfe would be almost none at all. And then might the 
]tevil make a triumph. A thousand pulpits in England 
vcfe covered with dust. Some had not had four sermons 
■I fifteen or sixteen years, since friars left their limitations : 
ind few <^ those worthy the name of sermons. These were 
WQtnB of the gross abuses and corruptions used in the Church 
bdEore, and even to this time, for covetousness sake. And 
tbift was the free and honest way, this and other preachers 
in these days used in exposing of them. But now to other 


New sergeants. Lady Mary visits the Ki/ng. The King's 
sales. A Ijiscds judgment of the ceremonies. His epistle 
to the Kvng, Books printed. Leland dies. 

About the 7th of October, the seven sergeants of the The new 
ooif^ faominated in May last, went unto Westminster-hall ing^rol^ 
their gowns and hoods of murrey and russet, and their ser« 
vants in the same cdour. There their charge and oath was 
^v^i them by the King^s judges and old sergeants. This 
dime, they returned with the judges, and the old sergeants, 
and learned men of the law, unto Gray^s Inn to dinner, to- 
gether with many of the King^s privy council, nobles, and the 
kxd mayor and aldermen. The new sergeants gave to every 3^2 
judge, the old sergeants, and men of the law, rings of gold, 
evefy new sergeant giving ]ike rings. After dinner they 
repaired to Paul'^s, and so went up the stairs, and roimd 
about the choir, -and there did their homage. And so came 
unto the north »de of Paulas, and stood upon the steps, un- 
til four old sergeants came together, and fetched four young, 


BOOK and brought them unto certain pillars. And an oration wa 
there read unto them by the old sergeants. And sodcnri 

Anno 1559. again they went unto Gray^s Inn. 
SirTho. Sir Thomas Grermyn, knight, the best housekeeper m i 

^Ued. ^ ^^^ county of Suffolk, died about this time. Part of hb 
state in housekeeping consisted in his chi^l, where prajcn 
and holy offices were daily celebrated, with singing and 
singing men, as in cathedrals. The county was reckoned to 
have had a great loss in him. His funerals were pompouljp 
performed, with his standard, pennon of arms, coat armourt ' 
target, borne by heralds, &c. October 21. 
Two December 16, the Earl of Westmorland and Sir Andrev i 

iiie^uter. Dudley were installed at Windsor of the noble carder rfdie 

The King Ditto, the 23d, the King removed from Westmiiister to 
p2t ^ Greenwich, to keep his Christmas there. And hegBoa to 
ChrisUMt. keep hall; and had a l<Mrd of misrule, who ordered the 
sports and pastimes for the Kng'^s diveraon ; which were 
in as great variety and royal pomp, as scarcely ever had 
been seen before. 
Wtttham February 9, between seven and eight of the dock in the 
****^^"*' evening, the great steeple of Waltham abbey in Essex fidl 
down to the ground, and all the great beUs; and the dioir, 
aiHl much of that statelv church, demolished with it. 
Tbe LmIj On the 10th day of the said month, the Lady Mary (who 
tbelsi^.^ on the 6th came to London to St. John^s through Cheap- 
side, attended with lords aiHl ladies, knights and gentle- 
men, to the number of two hundred) rode through Fleet- 
street unto the King at Westminster, nobly aiKl nume- 
rously accompanied : for they now seemed to look upon her 
as the rising sun, the King b«ng in a consumption. Among 
the ladies that now attended her wore the two Dudiesses 
of Sufiblk and Northumberland, the two Marchionestts of 
Northampton and Winchester, the Countesses of Bedford, 
Shrewsbury, Arundel, the Lady Clintcm, the Lady Brown, 
aiHl many morv. When she arrived at the outwaord court, 
there met her the Dukes of Suflblk and Northumberiand, 
tbe Marquis of WiiKhester, the Earls of Bedford, Shrews- 


Bury> Arundel, the Lord Chamberltdn, the Lord Admiral, CHAP, 
imd a great number of knights and gentlemen. And so she 

was conducted up to the chamber of presence, and there Anno i55t. 
the Eang met her, and saluted her. This visit seemed to 
be^ to see him in his sickness. 

On the 24th of February, Sir William Sydney was ho- 
nourably buried at his place at Fensehurst in Kent. 

On the 17th ditto, the Earl of Fembroke came riding The Earl of 
into London, with three hundred horse ; afore him, an hun- retinue. 
died gentlemen with chains of gold ; all in blue cloth plain, 
with badges on their sleeves, being a dragon. And so to 
Bernard castle ; which was his place. 

In the month of March, the King sent forth several 
ships to find out and apprehend one Strangwich, a great pi-strangwich, 
rate; and appointed 46(K. to be laid out in victualling and*^*'**** 
fbmishing those ships for the service. I find this Strang- 373 
wich, and two KiUigrews with him, such notable sea rovers, And two 
that in the month of February the King sent a letter to ^'"'K^ws. 
the French King, that he would do his endeavour for the 
qyprehension of them ; perhaps to vindicate himself from 
conniving at them for any damage they might do to that 
Singes subjects, as well as to prevent them from doing any 
more to his own. 

Fopular disturbances and tumults seemed now to be very a oommis- 
frequent, and the common people uneasy under the Present JJ^'jJ^^j 
juncture : which occasioned, surely, that severe commission 
which was given out this month of March, to John Earl of 
Bedford, William Earl of Fembroke, the Lord Darcy, Sir 
William Fetre, Sir John Baker, Sir Fhilip Hoby, Sir Ro- 
bert Bows, Sir Thomas Wroth, Edward Griffith, John Gos- 
nold, or to any sdx or more of them ; to put in execution 
all sudi martial laws as should be thought by their discre- 
tions most necessary to be executed. And instructions were 
also given them in nine distinct articles. 

In this month of March, and the month preceding, the The King's 
Cng sold away his lands and lordships in great quantity, ^^' ^^ 
(besides not a few given to his courtiers,) his necesaties, no Sales. 
question, so requiring. So that all this money fdlowing 



BOOK came into the Exchequer tar to numj tevcfal puidiase 
(tor it would be too long to mentiaa the names of the lane 

Anno i6$s.and purchaaers.) 

£. s. d. 
9055 19 2 

In Feb. 

889 6 


890 17 

1343 10 10 

1331 18 


951 2 


958 6 


246 5 

1988 16 


146 13 


930 14 


700 2 


4570 14 

566 15 


396 13 


694 2 


1223 15 

564 5 


712 15 


425 19 



767 8 


(-1482 9 3 
66 13 4 

In Mar. 

In Mar. 




1086 14 10 

1199 15 


859 12 




889 19 


886 18 



1 10 





1696 11 





917 10 








889 15 


1718 10 


732 10 11 







870 15 



8 11 











8 10 




1606 3 2 
1248 17 7 oft. 
1477 19 2 oft. 

374 Beades these, were many more purchases made of tl 
Eing^s lands the year ensuing. For the sale of which, the 
was a commission on purpose, directed to the Bishc^ 
Norwich, Sir John Gates, Sir Philip Hoby, Sir Walt 
Mildmay, and others. 

Divers there were now, in this King's reign, that liked 


ttle of Popery, that they thought it highly convenient not CHAP, 
symbolize with that Church in any of its usages. And 

lat gave occasion to them to dislike particularly two Anno isss, 
lings; viz. the posture of kneeling at the reception of the ^"^^^"J* 
Humunion ; and the priestly habits ; whiqh' were not laid crament, 
side by the reformers of this Church -from Papal innova- bits, give 
ons. The retaining of these gave the morie disgust, be- offe°c«« 
ai|E^ it was contrary to the example of many of the fo- 
^gn reformers, as those of S^ritzerland and Geneva; 
rbpse books and judgments swayed greatly, and were 
nuch used here. A Lasco, the superintendent of the fo- 
rigners' congregations in London, bein^ a person greatly 
respected by the King, and the nobility, and bishops, as for 
lis noble bloofl^ so for his learning and religion, was put 
iipcHi writing on this argument to the King. And he com- a Lasco's 
posed a treatise in Latin of the Sacrament, which was******^' 
[^ted in London, 1552. This book bore this title ; Brevis 
^ dUucida de Sacrammtu Eccksice Christi Tractatio, In 
^ua etjbns ipse et ratio totius sacramentaricB nostri tern- 
poris cQntroversice pmcds eocponitur^ naturague ac vis Sa^ 
^^^ymterUorum compendio et perspicue eaplicatur: per Jo- 
^f^finem A Lasco^ Baronem Potonice^ Superint&ndentem Ec^ 
^^esicBPeregrinortemLondini^ anno 1552. in 8yo. Together 
^ith this book was bound up a. tract entitled, Consensio 
^^uHia in re saCramentaria Ministrormn Tigurince Eccle-^ 
H(B, et D. Jo. Calvvniy Mvnistri Genevensis Eccksice, Data 
Tiguriy Aug* 30, 1549. This book the noble author pre- 
Bented to several of the court, his friends, and among the 
lest, to. Sir Anthony Cook. Which very book was lately in Mr. n. Bat- 
the possessifHi of a very reverend friend of mine, deceased, ^ ^' 
apd hath these words writ in it by A Lasco\ own hand, 
Ciarissimo ac doctisaimo viro D^ Cuko, PriBceptori Regio 
Udeliswnoy Joannes A Lasco^ D. D. Before it was an epistle 
to Sang £dward. Which, to shew what arguments swayed 
lith A Xasco, and others, at this time, for the abolishing 
lO habits and customs used in the Papal worship, I shall 
lere set down, and the rather, it being now so rarely to be 
net with. 



BOOK t* Joauiet A Lateo, ^. k> Ae renomud Edmari Hu 

i^<- M Reetejadi paier, lamdemque meretur proaMubiOj i» 
^^^^ ^JSBam virgtmemT &c The EngBsh wheareal was as fol 
loweth : ^ Well doth that &ther, and without doubt de- 
^ senreth praise, who, having a daughter a virffiny drawn 
^ by the guile of panders into some lewd and dishonest 
** house, wad there trinuned after the whorish guise, doth 
presently rescue her thence, and bring her home to lus 
own house, befcure she be utterly spoiled. But the same 
<< father, if he be wise, thinketh it not enough fnr the safety 
*< of his daughter, and the honour of his house, that he 
^* hath Innougfat her home agun, unless he take from her 
*^ wholly whatsoever he knoweth to be accounted in those 
*^ houses an whorish attire : n^thor doth he inquire whence 
^* such attire came first, but judgeth it dishonouraUe to 
375 << himself, and so unworthy his daughter, and whole family, 
that any such thing at aU, as strumpets have used finr 
dressing in their houses, should appear in his. And he 
doth not ^ve ear to their persuaaons, who bear him in 
hand, that aU things are to be esteemed according to the 
*^ father^s mind in his own house ; and so think that the 
^' fath^^s approbation can make that hcmest in his own 
*^ house for his daughter and whole family, which in an- 
^< other house is most dishonest for any daughters that re* 
^< gard their own credits. Ascribing so mudi to the fii- 
<^ ther'^s prerogative, that whatsoever he approves must be 
<< of others well liked of, so far as it concerns his own 
<' house. For he knows fuU well, that although all those 
things, which he hath authorized, in his own house, be 
there well thought of, yet that is not enough, since the 
honour of his daughter, and his whole family, must not 
asAj be cared for within his own house, but also through- 
out the whole city ; that he may remove all Ul suqpicions 
from his family among all his neighbours ; and is heedful 
that the panders have not the least occasion left them, of 
challenging or lajdng claim to his said daughter, as hav- 
ing something of their whore-house marks upon her. 



" Even so in the Church of God, as m a dty, magistrates C H AF; 
" and ministers are in place of parents, having the pure 

" and right administration of the sacraments committed ^'^^ **fi*- 

** unto them of God, for to be tended and tendered as their " 

** own daughter ; it is therefore very commendable in these 

** parents of the church, as we may tenii them, if they res- 

^^ cue the^lawful and pure administration of the sacraments 

^' from the violence and tyranny of the Romish panders, by 

^ taking it into their own care and custody. 

But here they ought to remember, especially they 
who are called by the Holy Spirit eminent ministers of 
^* God, and nursing fathers of his Church, that is. Christian 
*^ kings and monarchs, diat it is not enough for them, thus 
^ to have brought this daughter out of the Papist stews 
*^ hmne, intd their own care and keeping, unless they also 
^ put off finom her all that dressing which they know to be 
^^ whorish in the stews. That no such thing may be seen 
'* with them, which may be accounted whorish ; especially 
^ in that city where there is great variety of judgments ; 
** the overruling whereof by man^s authority is not to be 
*^ expected, and where there are so many hucksters for the 
^ stews remaining. 

<^ Nor let them hear the delusions of those, who suggest, 
that such kinds of dressing, from whencesoever they be 
taken, may be made good and honest by authority. For 
*• well they know, they are not set over the whole Church 
^ of God, but only one part of it, as a family in a city : 
^^ and that therefore, though they could bear out such 
things at home by their authority ; yet it is their duty, 
as they regard public chastity and hcmesty, to procure 
** the honour of their daughter and family, not only within 
** thdr own walls, but also without the whole city ; not 
'< suffmng any thing to be seen within their house, which 
^'they know to be held, urged, and maintained by the 
'^ Rtnnish stews, and their instruments, as their proper 
'^ whorish stuff. 

** Last of all, they must be wary, lest any signs or tokens 376 



BOOK " be left upon thar daughter, by wlieh she may be ques- 
^^' ** tioned again by these panders, as one of theirs. 
Anno 1659. " Now if it please your excellent Majesty, yoii are one 

<^ of these nursing fathers of the Church of God, blessed be 

" his name ; therefore, in this high calling, you have by 

*< the Lord God this ministry of the sacraments, as a 
daughter rescued out of the Popish brothels, and brought 
into your own house, that is, into your own domestic care 

<* and keeping. Here therefore be pleased to set bdbre 
your eyes the foresaid example of a good father in those 
things which yet remain to be performed; that is, in 

" providing for the public credit of this your reduced 
daughter, and so of your whole family, not <Hily m this 
your flourishing kingdom, but also in the Catholic Chuidi 
of Christ, whereof you are a citizen : unto whom a prin- 

^' cipal part thereof, as an honourable family, is committed 

*^ in trust. 

** This is that which all the godly throughout the Chris- 

<^ tian world do expect from your hands ; and tbut the 

** more earnestly, because they know, that God hath en- 

^^ riched you with such excellent gifts, and placed you in 
so high a station, almost above all others, even to this 
very end, that you might remove from the ministry of 

"the sacraments all these Popish trinkets^ wh^rewidi. it 
hath been fearfully profaned, and restore unto it again 
that virgin-like attire, wherewith it was of old adorned 

" by the high King of kings and Law^ver, Christ the 
Lord, in his holy institution. . So shall your faiith aiid fi- 
deUty be famous throughout the Christian world, and the 

^" Church of England grow more honourable under your 

** government.'' 

This letter was, to serve the turn of some dissenters, 
printed agfdn, 1633, in a book entitled, A Jrenh Suit 
agmnst humane Ceremonies ; or^ A TripliaUion unto J). 
Surges his Rejoi^iderjbr Dr. Morton. 

To the former book of the Sacrament^ published this 




year, I add a few more ; vkc* CcUechismus brevis ChristiantB CHAP. 

• • • XVI 

DiscipliniB summam continenSf omnibtis Ludimagistrisj 

atUoritate regia^ commendahts> MandiUo Regis Edwofrdi^'^^^^*' 
prapasiio. In 1»>. For the priniingipf which; John Day ^^^^^^ 
had a special licence granted him, dated in September. 

ArticuM de quUms Synodo Londinensi, cmnoDomini 155S. ^^' • 
coHveneraiy regia autoritate prommlgati* In \9f*. 

A book now also appeared in Latin with a feiimed namie, Marcat 
but It was known to be made by Bisbop Gardiner, against tius. 
Ardhbi^op Cranmer^s answer, set forth the last year. This 
book was {Minted at Paris, and went under this title, Ccn- 
JvtcUio CavUkUionmn, quilms sticrosa/ncittm EudiaristiiB 
Sacramn^ntwn' ab impiis CapemaiHs impeH solet, Autore 
Marco Antonw€(mstantio,TheohgoLovanen8L Which was 
again learnedly answejred by Peter Martyr. Of whose book, 
what the reputation was in those times, we are told by an 
eminent authcnr, namely, ^^ that in his book was contained Layat.Hiit. 
** in effect whatsoever is delivered of the whole matter of the i^^h^iibro 
** euchanst, as yvell in scripture, as in the ancient fathers fe« .<>"»"»• 
^< and councils.^ At the entreaty oT friends, the author re- tur, &c. 
duced his book into an epitome. 

Z^ lAvre de PrUres Communes, de V Administration dess^J 
Saeremenis et autres CSrhnonies en VEffUse d'^Angleterre.'^^^ c®»- 
This book was our Boox of Common Prayer, translated in Fmich. 
into French : which was done by Francis Philip, the Lord 
Chanoellor^s servant, as he styled himself, and printed by 
Tho. Gaultier, the King^s printer for the French language, 
in the year 1553, that is, reckoning the year to begin in 
January ; for in December, 1552, a licence was granted to this 
Gaultier of London, to print in French all such books of the 
Church as should be set forth. This book was by the said 
Francis Philip dedicated to Thomas Goodrich, bishop of 
Ely, lOTd chancellor. In which dedication he shewed, " how 
<< the said Chancellor put him upon this translation, for 
** the use of the isles and lands which spake French : 
'* which therefore he did very gladly undertake, and finish 
^^ as soon as possibly he could ; not only to the end, that 
<< the King^s most royal and Christian ordinance for the use 



BOOK ** of this Book of Common Prajor to be used in all his do- 
'*' ^ minions might obtain its eflfect, but also that all France 

iMt.« might know, that the Christian religion was not whdly 
^ abolished in England^ as many among them esteemed. 
^ For in readBng this book they should know evidentlj, 
*^ that God was here served in apirit and in truth, and that 
^ the sacraments were here administered purel j and aii- 
^* oerdy, according to the word of God : and that he was 
^ assured, that haying read it, the good and weU-disposed 
^ sort would say. Blessed be so noUe a King, under whom, 
^ from day to day, the reformation of religion so increased 
** and flourished.^ 
^^J^ In tlus year also, John Bale printed and set forth a book 
entitled, Jn ExpostukUkm or Comftaini against the hbu^ 
fiktmieM tf aJramUc Ikspisi ^Hampshire. Prinied by 
Jokm Doff. The Piqpist he wrote against, and for what 
cause, he declared towards the beginning of his book, viz. 
** That on one of the Christmas hcdydays, to wit, Decem- 
'^ her S9 last past, in the house of a gentleman of his own 
^* aflBnity in the said county, the said Papist, being in the 
** full heat of his frensy, brast out into this unrever^id, 
** blasphemous, and contemptuous talk of the King'*s Ma- 
*^ jesty, and of his most godly proceedings: < Alas ! poor child,'' 
<* said he, * unknown it is to him, what acts are made now- 
adays. But when he comes once of age, he wiU see another 
rule, and hang iqp an hundred of such heretic knaves.^ ^ 
Meaning the preachers of those times : for at the same sea- 
son he had most spitefully railed on one of them, b^ng ab- 
sent These words Bale divided into three parts, and an- 
swered each at large: the first part touched the King'^s 
Highness ; the second his honourable Council ; and the third 
the true ministers of Grod^s word. 

That which touched the King he made to be, that this 

man had called the King a poor child; <' when as,^ said Bale, 

he was abundantly replenished with the most gracious 

^ts of (rod ; specially with all kinds of good learning, 

" far above all his progenitors, Kings of this imperial r^on. 

^^ And when childishness in a king is reproved by the mouth 



^^"of God, and given many times of him to a pec^le as a CHAP. 
** curse, plague, and scourge for their unfaithfulness. / 
*^ JuM give you children^ saith the Lordy to be your princesy Anno isss, 
*^ and babes shaUhave rule aoeryou. Is. iii. That is, ye shall 
*• have for your disobedience, men to be your governors 
*^ that are dissolute, rash, wanton, and careless: yea, men 378 
^^ unexpert, and unexperienced in princely affairs, and men 
^* which will not regard your commonwealth, but follow 
*^ their own lu£(ts. Wo be to such a land, saith Solomon, 
^* a^t hath so childish rulers. And all these childish ways 
be detestable in a king; yet is not the childhood of youth 
in him to be reproved : for so might King Josias have 
been reproved, which began his reign in the eighth year 
*^ of his age. — ^Then he comes closer to this Papist, so bias- 
^' phoDoously reporting the noble and worthy King Edward 
^^ (then in the fift^nth year of his age, and the fifth of his 
rdgn) without all honour and reverence^ He added, his 
worthy education in liberal letters, and godly virtues, and 
« his natural aptness in retaimng of the same, plenteously 
'^ declared him to be no poor chUd, but a manifest Solomon 
in princely wisdom. His sober admonitions, and open 
example of godliness at that d^j, shewed him mindfully 
to prefer the wealth of the commons, as well ghostiy as 
bodUy^ above all foreign matters. Mark what his Ma- 
jesty hath done already in religion, in abolishing the most 
shameful idolatry of Antichrist, besides his other acts for 
public affairs, and ye shall find at this day no Christian 


** prince like to him.'' 

This book the author dedicated to the Duke of Northum- 
berland, with this tide. To the right high cmd mighty 
Prince Johan Duke of Northu/mberlandy Lord Great Master 
of the King's most honourable HoiLsehMy and Lord Presi^ 
dent of his Mcyesty'^s most honourable Privy Council. In 
this epistle he set him forth as a angular favourer and pa^ 
triot of the true religion ; which yet, as it appeared after- 
wards, influenced him no more than as it served to forward 
his worldly interest. For thus Bale addressed to him: 
^^ Ccmsidering in your noble Grace the san^ mighty, fer- 

b 4 


BOOK « Tent, and religious zeal in Grod^s cause, wbidi I have &- 




ligently marked in Moses, the servant of Grod, &c.*»TIi]i 
Anno 1552. w ppQ^ Expostulation am I, your poor orator, so mudi the 
bolder to dedicate to your Highness, in that I have at 
ways known the same a most mighty, zealous, and ^ent 
supporter, maintainer, and defender of God^s lively word. 
—Jesus Christ, whose invincible verity your Grace hath' 
** hitherto most fervently favoured."** 
Vocation of The same author, John Bale, set forth this year his Fo- 
' cation to Ae Bishopric ofOssory in Ireland^ and his perse- 
cution in the same, and his final deliverance. 
Order for Here I shall subjoin a privilege granted to William 
tbe°Primer. Seres, Stationer, to print all books of private prayers, called 
Primers, as should be agreeable to the Book of Commcm 
Prayer established by Parliament: and that none else 
printed the same, upon pain of forfeiture thereof. Provided, 
that before the said Seres and his assigns did b^in to print 
the same, he should present a copy thereof, to be allowed 
by the Lords of the Privy Coundl, or by the Lord Chan- 
cellor for the time being, or by the Kings's four Ordmaij 
Chaplains, or two of them. And when the same was, or 
should be, from time to time printed, that by the said Lords, 
and others of the Privy Council, or by the Lord Chancellor^ 
or with the advice of the wardens of the occupation, the 
reasonable price thereof to be set, as well in the leaves, as 
being bound in paste or board : in like manner as was ex- 
pressed in the end of the Book of Common Prayer. This 
privilege was dated March the 4th. 
379 I cannot here omit the mention of the death of the most 
Leiand dies learned antiquarian, John Leland, which happened in April 
this year, after he had been a year and upwards distracted, 
to the deplorable frustration of his noble de^^s of illustrat- 
ing the history of this ancient nation. Being bereft of his 
wits, he became the King's care ; who committed the keep- 
ing of him either to his father or uncle, I suppose, (for he 
was one of the same name,) John Leyland, or Leland, senior, 
together with all his lands, and rents, and profits whatso- 
ever, in as ample manner as John the younger, being in his 


right mind, enjoyed them, for the better sustentation of CHAP. 
him. This grant was in the mlonth of March, 1550. This ^^^- 
Leland, who had the caide of this poor gentleman, lived, I Annoi55«. 
iappose, in Paternoster-row, which bdionged to the parish 
fi€ St. Midiael the Quern, in whidi church, not much above 
8 year after, he was buried. 

•He being a Londoner bom, had his education under His school-. 
Lilly, the famous gmmmarian, and first master of the frefe""^[^^* 
school near St. Paulas. He had divers contemporaries, which, lows. 
by their learning and advancement afterwards, added lustre 
both to the school where all of them were bred, and to the 
rity where some of them were bom : as namely. Sir William 
Paget, afterwards secretary of state, and made Lord Paget 
of Beau Desert^ and honoured with the Grarter. To whom 
Leland, addresang a copy of verses, speaks thus of Lilly, 
their common instructor : 

Notior Ule tUn^ notior iUe mihi : 
and makes mention of something which he [Paget] wrote 
m rintiication c^ their master, against one Gonel, a learned 
man. Another of his schoolfellows was Sir Edward North, 
after also Lord North, and a privy counsellor, a citizen 
lx»D. To him Leland dedicated some verses, mentioning 
dieran th^ learning together : 

Imbibimus l^eH UUerulasque simuL 
ffir Anthony Denny, gentleman of the privy chamber to 
* Bng Henry, and a great favourer of the professors of the 
gospel, and as great a scholar, was also Leland^s mate in 
this learned school : of whose wittiness and ingenuity there 
ie speaks in a piece of his poetry, written to him. Sir Tho- 
mas Wriothesly, trfterwards Lord Wriothesly, and Lord 
Chancellor of England, was also a Londoner bom, and so 
was his father, and a great friend of our Leland, and was 
probaMy of the same school with him, being a man brought 
up in letters. In honour of whom did Leland also exer- 
cise hi* curious vein of poetry. 

From this nursery of St. PauFs he was transplanted to 
the Univarsity of Cambridge ; where, in learned studies. 


BOOK and cuntq i e with mgemoiit men, he took greiit'deli|^t| 
^ «ad made gresl imp raf c mcntB> 

li&t. Apptnmi Jlndiw GrmUa beaia meU. 

But aftcrwaids h seems, he studied at Qxf<Htl, and wai 
there p ie fc ncd, and made iiJlow of All Souls. Hispatnn 
and firiends, besides those mentioned before, were AicUi- 
diop Cranmer, Sir ftianTuke, % John Mason, Dr. Legh, 
Dr. Cos, Dr. Haddon ; all men of fiune in their days. 


Commisskmersjrom France, Corntpiioms at Court Pagdj 

amd Braumonij and ike Earl cfJrunddj Aeir ndmih 

nans. The unioerrify of Bosiodk to ike King. Tk 

Kin^sdiUgence^ and good example. Free echodbbj/lm^ 


The Frencb X HIS year came commissioners finom France, Monsieur 
^^^' Aubrey and Monsieur du Val; the one lieutenant civii 
of Paris, the other an advocate unto the French Song. An 
agent of th& King^s, whose name was Bamaby, m^ with 
them at London. They came about some matters of resti- 
tution to scmie English merchants, for ships and goods 
taken, pretending they belonged to the Spaniard, because 
they were not carried in English bottcmis. They told Bar- 
naby, in a vapouring sort, (which that nation was then 
much addicted to,) how little harm England in their wan 
was like to do them; and that in the last war, wherein 
King Henry, together with the Dukes of Norfolk and Suf- 
folk, invaded them, and took Bullcngn, we did but spBid 
all our riches, and destroyed a great number of subjects, 
and left all our money in Flanders and Artois, and could 
not now shew one town we had taken. 
to'dJbMs Upon this occasion Bamaby, in a letter to Sir William 
Fraoceyand Cecyl, the secretary, related, by his own long experience of 
EiM^d. ^^ country, (having made twenty-eight voyages thither. 


anployed by King Henry, and Crumwell,) how we might CHAP, 
effectually distress that country : namely, by this one thing, ^ 

mcreaang mariners in England. Whereas, for want of ships Anno i6M. 

md shipmen, our commodities of our own growth were^'PP""^' 

Eslidied away ^from us for very small prices by French ves- 

Kb, to their exceeding enriching. He had seen going out 

of Rye at aae tide thirty-seven hoys, laden with wood and 

^ber, and never an English mariner among them. He 

had heard great complaints for want of English ships, to 

hde goods for Spain, and other places, and none to be had. 

Great benefit also might be made of our fishing, if we had 

ilups; but especially of our Newcastle coals. This last, 

die French could not live without : it maintained those in 

France that wrought in steel, and metals, and wire, and 

made guns; and likewise their goldsmiths. The French 

CQstom was, that after th^ fishing was done, three or four- 

floore ships of Normandy and Britain were sent for coals ; 

the gain whereof was prodigious. Coals were bought at 

Newcastle for two shillings and two pence a chaldron, and 

sold again in France for thirteen nobles. 

These things considered, Bamaby^s advice was, that the A project 
Eng of England should take coals into his own hands, (as^'^J^ 
the French King had taken salt,) and bring them into Kent, ^« <^^ 
ni there make a staple of them. And that no goods what- own hands. 
ioe?er ^ould be carried out of England, but in English 
bottoms. By this means an infinite number of mariners 
vould be set awork, and it would prove a great strength to 
the realm. And hereby England, in respect of trade and 381 
seamen, might no longer be so inferior to France, which did 
at that present so much outdo it. For in these times there 
would sometimes come out at one tide from Diep five hun- 
dred boats, and more, and in every boat ten or twelve men : 
whereby the maritime towns maintained themselves, their 
towns and ports, by fishing, and grew very rich by trade. 
Whereas in England, Sandwich, Dover, Hyde, Hastings, 
(Vincfaelsea, were decayed exceedingly for maintenance, 
ind hardly any mariner in those ports : and Bamaby would 
mdertake to set six or ^even thousand, mariners awork, in 


BOOK carrying coals only. But I betake the reader to Bwnubfi 
__!_ letter, where he may read this, and other things worth ooU 

Anno i5S8.ii]g, of the State of the nation, more at lai^. 

^* The Court was very corrupt, and extremely oovetouii 

raption of especially towards the declining of the King'*s reign ; laUng 
the Court, continually from the King, (who was fidn to borrow,) for Ae 
enriching of themselves, and making preys also cme of ifr 
other. The Lord Paget, chancellor of the duchy, aid 
Beaumont, master of the rolls, and Whaley, receiver d 
Yorkshire, were in the month of May discovered to hue 
K. Edward's gTossly wrouged the King. Paget had sold away lands^ mI 
Joam.p.s5.^,^^ timber woods, and had taken great fines of the Eia^ 
lands, to his particular profit and advantage, never tunuag 
any of it to the King'*s use. He made leases in reve rsio a 
for more than twenty-one years. All this he oonfeased b^ 
fore the Privy Council, and surrendered his c^Boe, (whiA 
was after conferred upon Sir John Grates,) and submitted 
himself to what fines should be laid upon him. ' BeaumoBt 
bought lands with the Kng^s money, lent the King^s mo- 
ney, and kept it from the King, to tiie value of 90001. and 
above, and 11,0002. obligations. And being judge in a 
cause in chancery between the Duke of SuiBPolk and the 
Lady Powis, he took her title, and went about to get it into 
his hands, paying a sum of money, and letting her have a 
farm of a manor of his ; and caused a false indenture to be 
made, with the old Duke^s counterfeit hand to it ; (by wUch 
pretended indenture the said Duke gave these lands to the 
Lady Powis;) and went about to make twelve men perjured; 
and lastly, had concealed the felony of his man, to the sum 
of ^OOZ. All this he confessed; and for these things sur- 
rendered all his offices, lands, and goods to the King, and 
gave the I King an obligation under his hand and seal for 
See the his debt of 20,861/. and upwards. Whaley lent the King's 
Repository, money upon gain : he paid one year's revenue with the ar- 
rearages of the last : he bought the King's land for himadf 
with the King's own money : in his accounts he made many 
false suggestions. At the time of the Ball of money, he 
borrowed divers sums of money, and had allowance for it 


dler: by whidi he gained BOOL at one crying down, the CHAP. 
wliole sum being SOOOZ. and above. All this he confessed^ '' 

surrendered his office, and submitted to fines. Anno i558. 

The Lord Paget and Beaumont, June 16, were brought Paget and 
into the Star-chamber. There the former declared his sub- for cor- 
nission by word of mouth, and delivered it in writing : he r"P*^*V^ 
was fined 60002. But Beaumont had denied his former into tbe 

Bon before the Ck>uncil : but now being called before ^**'"<5**""- 
the Counci], he acknowledged a fine of his lands, and signed 
in. obligation and surrender of all his goods. And on the 
flIMi di^, being brought again to the Star-chamber, he 
eolfessed all. 

. When the Council had discovered all this corruption, on 382 
die 18th of June, from Greenwich, they wrote the news of'^**7*"f". 

r6nu6T tn6ir 

k to the Duke of Northiimberland, Earls of Huntingdon goods and 
and Pembroke, and Secretary Cecyl, who were in a journey, **"^' 
i^Duig down to the borders of Scotland, upon many disor- 
Sen- there, and negligent looking to the forts, the Duke 
bang lord warden of the marches. Beaumont had surren- 
dned his goods and lands to the King ; but the King was 
not. to be the better for them ; some of them being pre- 
tnitly begged by the Duke of Northumberland and Earl 
cf Pembroke, for the Earl of Huntingdon. And Hunting- 
don another time will do the like courtesy for them, if need 
be. That which they asked for this Earl was, the custody of 
Givoedieu, the parsonage of Dunington, and the manor of 
Throuston and Swanington, parcel of the said Beaumonfs 
pMsesmcHis, with all his goods and chattels in and upon the 
and house and lands. And when order should be taken 
Ibt the ddivery of any of the lands of the Lord Paget, in 
mtiAcdxm of part of his fine, they prayed the Council, that 
the Earl of Huntingdon and the Lord Chamberlain might 
not be fbrenotten; the one to have the custody of his house See thu let- 
it Drayton, and the other of that at London. And as these Repository. 
dungs before mentioned came under the keeping of Hun- ^' 
tingdon, so the ne^t year be became the proprietor of 
them : for in June 1553 the King granted him the scite. 


BOOK drcuit, and precinct, and alao the mancHr (xf Ghraoedieu k 
Leicestershire, with divers other lands, to the yearij iiIih 

Amiol65«.of 168/. 8*. 6d. 
Tbe con- The conclusion with the Lord Paget, after he was dnv 
^^^^ censured, and had also made his submisnon for being piify 
L.Pkget. to the late Frotector^s practice against Northuiqberiaiidy 
was in December following, when he had a general pardn 
of all offences and transgresdons, and othar negligenoo^* 
except debts due to his Majesty in the Court of Exchequer, 
the Augmentation, the Wards, and the First-fnuts and 
Tenths. And an indenture was made between the Sjngfk 
Majesty and the Lord Paget, for the assurance unto fak 
Majesty of lOOZ. by year, and for the payment also of 9000L 
that is to say, 100(M. at Christmas next, and the other tf 
Christmas following. Yet not long after, he came into some 
favour at Court For in February he had a disehaige fir 
the payment of the 9000Z. imposed on him as a fine. And 
the month ensuing he had a spedal grant for his coat of 
arms, which before was taken away from him, upon pre- 
tence that it was given him by a king of arms that could 
not give it. But now the same coat was confirmed to him 
by patent, granted to him by the name of William Lofd 
Paget, of Beaudesert, and his posterity for ever. 
The Earl The third day of this month of December (that same 
?l ^^^*^ day twelvemonth the Duke of Somerset was tried and oon- 

la prison. *^ 

demned) did the Earl of Arundel appear before the Eng^ 
and make his humble submission by word of mouth. He 
had been lord chamberlain, and of the Privy Council, but 
upon some occasion put out of both places : whereat he grew 
malecontent, and was dealt with to come into the late {dot 
of the Duke of Somerset, against certain of the great ncliles 
that bore the sway : yet he would not meddle, but concealed 
it, and chose to be a looker on, thinking to have his malice 
executed by other hands ; but it cost him dear. For Octo- 
ber 20, 1551, Crane, one of them in this plot, did confess, 
that the E^l knew of the matter, about inviting those no- 
383 bles to the Lord Paget^s house to a banquet, and then to 


have cut off their heads: and that Stanhope was the mes- cHAP. 
aenger that went to the Earl. Upon this, November 8, ^^^^' 

the Earl, with Stoadlj and St. Alban, his men, was com- Anno is5«. 

mitted to prison ; and that because Crane did disclose more 

and more of him: and having been a prisoner above a 

twelvemonth, December 3, he was fain to make a submission, 

and submit to a fine. His submission was in these words, 

m tfaey are taken out of the Council-Book, and there said to 

be by order of Council entered into the said book. 

<' It may please your most excellent Majesty to under- His sub- 
** stand, that whereas I, Henry Earl of Arundel, now pri-co"^^! 
" scMier in the Tower, have been charged to be one of the Book. 
**' confederates and conspirators with Edward late Duke of 
'^ Somerset, lately attainted, and with others, for the appre^ 
« hension and imprisonment of divers noblemen, then and 
yet being of your Majesty^s privy ^ouncil: and foras- 
much as upon my examination taken during the time of 
^ my imprisonment in the Tower of London, before John 
'^ Duke of Northumberland, John Earl of Bedford, Wil- 
'^liam Lord Marquis of Northampton, William Earl of 
^ Paoabroke, and Sir Philip Hoby, knt. and otherwise, it 
^ doth xppeaxj that I, the said Henry Earl of Arundel, 
^ was privy and of knowledge of the said dangerous con- 
« spiraey, practised by the said Duke and others, to the 
^< peril of the state of this your realm : and forasmuch also as 
^ I, the said Earl of Arundel, did not, according to my most 
^* bounden duty, reveal so much as I did know of the said 
^ Duke'^s intents to your Highness, or to some others of 
^ your Majesty^s privy coundl, but did conceal and keep 
M the same secret ; whereby I do confess and acknowledge, 
^ that I have not only worthily deserved this mine impri- 
^ sonment, but also that the same my said offence and con- 
^^ oealment should be dangerous unto me, without your 
Majesty^s clemency : for the mitigating therefore of the 
same, I do most humbly acknowledge, by this my sub- 
missimi, my said offence, and do crave and desire your 
^ most gracious pardon for the same : and further, do sub- 


BOOK " uiit rnvaelf fur the premiaes to the most mercifiil order of 
** vour Highness And of your mofit honourahle CounciL^ 

Aunu i^^t. AfuT thi« submisaon, the Earl of Arundel appeared tbe 
Aii.1 ftiir. ^gj^^ j^^^ before the Council : where the LoEda in&nned 
him, that he was fined 6000 marks, to be paid in six yeu% 
at 1000 nuu^ks a year. And he was bound in a bond of 
10«000 marks to pay the said fine: and was set at liberty 
being admonished by the Lurds to behave himself acoaidiiig 
to the duty of a nobleman, and to be indeed what he pro^ 
fcrsscil in words. 

But the Earl found favour afterwards : for. May 10^ s 
grant was made him, that he should pay SUStlL 1&. 3d. at 
the Augmentation, in form following ; xAs. at Easter nezt^ 
S21/. 1 Us. iUL and after, yearly at the same feast, 8S82. 6i. 8i 
until the whole sum were satisfied and paid. And July i 
following, (that is, but four days before the King'^s deaths 
being then also, as it appears, of the Piivy Council,) a par- 
don and discharge was sealed to him for 10,000 marks, $i> 
knowledged by him to owe it to the King^s Majesty by re- 
cognisance, upon certain considerations in the same ei- 
pressed. This, we may conclude, was Northiunberiand's 
doing, his policy being to giun as many noblemen hit 
384 friends as he could, in the great intrigue he was then upu% 
to bring the crown into his family. But Arundel deceived 
Tht univer- This nation was now become renowned abroad tat its 
tock^to the <^tintenance to true religion and good learning, and King 
Kiny. Edward for a right nursing father to both. While eveiy 
where in Germany, and all other countries, the gospdi tnd 
learning was oppressed and discouraged, Engjland was the 
conunon asylum for all good and learned men to fly to: 
and hither they came daily, both for shelter and finr sub- 
sistence. Among the rest I find one Wolfgang Porister, | 
Prussian* of the imiver^ty of Rostock, who, by a letter 
from the nx'tor and imiversity, was recommended this year 
to the King. ^* They thanked God, who had yidded a qiuet 
^'^ harlnnir in the KingV ixunitrii's for the church and good 


^studies. And when in all other kinccdoms the public mi« CHAP. 


" nisters of the Church, and the studies of good learning, 

** were either wholly destroyed or sadly wasted, by the A"»® ***•• 
*f cruelty of popes, the tumults of wars, and the differences 
^ of. ofMnions, it was God^s great mercy to afford a quiet 
**.8eat in the King^s dominions for the godly, constituted 
** churches and schools: which were so cherished by the 
*f wisdom, piety, munificence, and authority of the King^s 
'* Majesty, that in these ornaments the kingdcxn of £ng- 
*^ land exceeded all the kingdcnns of the world beside.^ 
This address to the King may be read in the Repository. H* 

s And indeed good King Edward, among his many other The King^t 
princely qualities, was a true patron of learning, as loving hig^^dict. 
and promoting it both in himself and others, from hisf'^'iiMS. 
joungest days. It was observed of him, how exceeding di^ 
Kgent he was usually at his book : he would sequester him- 
wM from all companies, into sc»ne chamber or gallery, to 
kam without book his lessons, with great alacrity and 
dieerfiihiess. If he spent more time in play and pastime 
llian he thought was convenient,. he would find fault with 
Umself, and say, ^^ We forget oursjelves,^ as Mr. Cheke re- 
ported of him, ^^ that should not lose substcmtia pro acct^ 
^ defUe.'" He used to pen letters, both in English and La- 
&> as part of his exercises : the subject whereof generally 
vas, to exdte other yoimg nobles, his acquaintance, to fol- 
low their studies, with very pretty arguments ; as, what an 
mament learning was, both to prince and people; what 
^oiy subjects might take in a learned prince; and what joy 
a prince might take in learned subjects ; and the like. 

There was one Mr. Heron in these days, a schoolmaster The noubie 
of higenuous youth; one of whose scholars had a fetherj,]j2"^^,j^ 
that took occasion, from the example of the King, to excite example up- 
Ids son the more to follow his studies; writing to him^oian. 
sometimes in EngHsh and sometimes in Latin, these and 
nich like passages of the King'^s diligence, and admonished 
him and his schoolfellows to follow the godly ei^ample of so 
virtuous a prince : adding, <^ That if they,^ (I do but tran« 
icribe,) ^' by lus worth, ai^ emmple, and precedent, wold 



BOOK ^^ spply their study and leanung, it wbid most hiqipily 

'' come to pas, that the lerned King shold have moch fe- 


Anno 1668. « licite in his lerned subjects, and they no les to gkqr in- 
^' so lerned and prudent a prince ;^ with such like persua- 
sions. Which letters of commendations of the said King 
being uttered by chance unto the said schoolmaster, and 
having partly received letters thereof from the father of 
the said scholar, he incontinently caused them that were 
written in English to be turned into Latin by his sdidan, 
385 and such as were written in Latin to be Englished: using 
the same, not only as lessons for his scholars, but also ai 
matter of animating and provoking unto the better and 
more diligent applying of their learning. Upcm this oc- 
casion, the said Mr. Heron, as well by his letters as by his 
private talk, yielded unto the father of the said sdhdar 
right hearty thanks for his said letters, directed unto him 
and his son, touching the King^s diligence; declaring 
plainly, that, in his opinion, the virtuous example of that 
worthy and good young King wrought more in the heads 
of his unwilling scholars, for their furtherance unto good 
literature, than all his travail among them in one year past 
SchooU How King Edwards's good heart stood affected to the for- 

^Hll^Ed!*^ warding both of learning and sound reli^n too, appeared 
wwd. by appointing a school in his court for his henchmen, that 
Cott. libr. is^ his Majesty's pages, and other youth attending on him: 
and for encouragement of the schoolmaster, he assigned 
him a salary for life. For such a patent I have seen granted 
to Clement Adams, M. A. authorizing him to be school- 
master to the Song's Majesty's henchmen, with the fee of 
101. by the year for life: dated May 3, anno &>. Edw. 
Reg. But especially this appeared by his founding so many 
schools in the nation ; more, by a great many, than any of 
his predecessors had done. For, to compute only from the 
time that Bishop Groodrick had the great seal, in little 
more than sixteen months, he founded at least sixteen free 

For besides the schools at Bury in Suffolk, at Spillesby 


in Lincolnshire, at Chelmesford in Essex, at Sedberg in CHAP. 
Yorkshire, at Louth in Lincolnshire, and at East Retford ^ ' 
in Nottinghamshire, with others founded by him in the Anno iwa. 
years 1650 and 1551, these following owned the King for 
thdr foimder, and were erected from December, anno 1551, 
bang commonly called King Edward the Sixth's free gram- 
mar schools; viz. Brymingham in Warwickshire, Shrews- 
bury, Morpeth in Northumberland, Macclesfield in Che- 
shire, Nonne Eaton in Warwickshire, Stourbridge in Wor- 
cestendibe, Bath, Bedford, Guilford in Surrey, Grantham 
in Lincolnshire, St. Alban's in Hertfordshire, Tunbridge, 
Southampton, Thorn in Yorkshire, Gyggleswic in Craven> 
smd Stratford-upon-Avon. These sdiools had governors ap- 
pointed over them, a master and usher, and endowed com- 
vonly with S02. 301. or 402. per annum. And indeed, for 
the most part, the endowments were out of tithes for- 
merly belon^ng to reli^ous houses, or out of chantry 
koids gifvcn to the King in the first of his. reign, according 
to the intent of the Parliament therdn : which was, to con- 
vert them from superstitious uses unto more godly ; as, in 
erecting grammar schools for the education of youth in vir- 
tue and godliness, for further augmenting the universities, 
and better provision for the poor : and the good King was 
80 honest and just, to lay them out, in a considerable, mea- 
sure, for these pious ends. See the foundations of these 
sdiools distinctly spedfied in the Repository, from an ori-^ I. 





Anno 156S. 

qqQ Popery in CorptiS Christi college^ Oaon. Dr. Heins did. 
Immanuel Tremettius preferred. Bishop Ponefs book 
Knox at Newcastle. Lady Anne qf Cleves, Day^ kU 
bishop^ his Judgment aboui altars. Commissions* SSr 
William Bowyer's last wiU, Ordinations qf minister. 
Places and offices bestowed. 

x^ET me be allowed to gather up a few more pafingei) 
that may deserve to be related, happening within this sixtli 
year of the King. 
The Coun- Dr. Morwin, preadent of Corpus Christi odlege, QxoO) 
to ttw"*™******^ Webh and AUen, fellows of the same college, wen. 
Fleet tome May ult Summoned to appeal* before the CoundL June 1^ 
Christi they were ordered to appear the Sunday following. Jim 

^"ndi**"' ^*' *®y ^^^^ committed to the Fleet. Thdr feult was, Ik 
Book. using upon Corpus Christi day other service than was ap 
pointed by the Book of Service. * And a letter was sentta 
the college, to appoint Jewel to govern the collie ducng 
the imprisonment of the president. July 17, the Wardoi fli 
the Fleet was ordered to release the prendent of Corpus 
Christi, upon his being bound in a bond of 20(M. to appeal 
next term before the Council. November 29, AUen, upon 
his conforming to the King^s orders, was restored to his £d- 
Dr. Heins In October departed an eminent man of the Church, Si< 
mon. Heins, D.D. dean of Exeter, and prebendary of WesC^ 
minster, being one of the first company of prebendariei 
planted there by King Henry, upon the new foundation 
thereof, as a reward for the services lie did in embaanes he 
was employed about by the Ejng. He was an andent & 
vourer of the Gospel, even from the time he lived is 
Queen'^s college in Cambridge. He was one of the com' 
pilers of the English X^iturgy under King Edward. And 
was succeeded in his prebend by Andrew Pern, D.t). thi 
King^s chaplain ; and in his deanery by James Haddon, i 
learned and good man. The said Heins was true to th< 



interest of religion, and endured trouble for the sake of it^ CHAP. 
under King Heiury. Suthray, treasiurer of the church of ^^^^• 

Exeter, and Dr. Brewrwood, chancellor, accused him, their Aimo i56«. 

Dean, to the Council, for preaching against holy bread and 

lioly water, and that he should say in one of his sermons, 

diat ^^ marriage and hanging were destiny :^ whence they 

would have gathered treason against him, because of the 

King*s marriage, as though he had an eye to that But 

however upon this accusation he was sent to the Fleet, with 

Sat Philip Hoby, accused by Bishop Gardiner. Heins had 

also a prebend in the church of Windsor, where, about the 

year 1541 or 1542, he, with Sir Philip Hoby and his wife. 

Sir Thomas Chardin, Mr. Edmund Harman, Mr. Thomas 

Wdden, and others, were by Dr. London, dean of WaUing- 387 

Inrd, a busy persecutor, and sc»ne others, combining toge- 

Aer, put into a paper of complaints ; which was presented 

to Bishop Gardiner, the King'^s great privy counsellor, (in 

whidi plot himself privily was,) as aiders and maintainers of 

tne Anthony Persons,- a good preacher in Windsor, who 

ttt about that time burnt And Heins was moreover ae- 

inised as a common receiver of suspected persons. 

With the mention of Heins, I join another confessor, of immaauei 
the same judgment, and of the same University, though otl^l^^X 
anoth^ country, viz. Immanuel Tremellius, an Italian by ^<><> o^ 
birth, escaping hither out of Grermany for his religion ; a 
man he was of great learning, and especially in Hebrew, 
harboured sometime by Archbishop Cranmer; and was ap- 
pointed by the King to be the reader of Hebrew in Cam- 
hridge, with a salary. He had also a prebend of Carlisle, 
YOid by the death of WiUiam I^rrie, conferred on him : 
which the Bishop of Ely, lord chancellor, was very instru- 
mental to his obtaining : for he had begged this prebend of 
the King for Dr. Bellasis. But he djring, the Chancellor in 
September, being then at Ely, wrote a letter to Secretary 
Cecyl, that he would procure that canonry for Immanuel, of 
the King : writing thus ; 

^ Fcnrasmuch as Immanuel, the Hdbrew reader m Cam- 


BOOK ^* biidge, taketh great paioB, b4Tuig little; to take unto, I 
"• *< thought it well bestowed, if he might obtun it. And tbe 

ADaoi66t.«< rather, forBomuch as I understand by one Anthony, t 

ofEi^'to'^ ^^ Frenchman, who is in house with the said Immanuel, thst 

Cecyi in bis *< you youfself motioued the matter. Wherefore, if it Aall 

^ <^ stand with your pleasure to help him to it, I shaU be vej 

<< well contented, and glad thereof ; and ye in so diing 

<^ shall deserve thanks at the univerrity'*8 hand, and iitve 

** him your continual orator for the same. As knoweth 

^^ Jesus, who have you in his keeping. From Ely, thisjdi 

" of September. 

^* Your assured loving friend, 

" T. Ely, Cane.'* 

His patent was dated October 24s, with a clause to be 
non-resident, as long as he read the said Hebrew lectuie, 
with letters, or a writ for his induction. 
r^<\^** About this time came forth a learned book, wrote by Dr. 

iKx>k for . ^ 

the mar- Ponet, or Poynet, now bishop of Winchester, for the lav- 
pr^t^^ fulness of priests^ marriage : which, in the year 1554^ Dr. 
Martyn, the civilian, made an answer, sudi as it was, to; 
dcdioadng his book (the better to ingratiate himsdf) to 
Queen Mary. Dr. Taylor, lately made Inshop of Lincoln, 
not long after the edition of this book of Foynet^ presdi- 
ing at St Paul's Cross, took notice of it, with hi^ comment 
dations« and wcvds of magnifying given unto it, as the said 
Martyn in hia answer tut^ notice; ^* As if^"" said he, *^ it 
** luul been sent down from heaviexi by revelation, or had 
^* pr^vctxleil out of the very bosom of the Holy Ghost^ 
Tavlor then sdukU *^ That therein was c(»tained a suffident 
** ikvtniH> tVur ^vriests' marriages^ and learning enough to 
*« vx^ivitKV all ^n^ayer^*' In this book, if you will take 
oSS Martyu s wvvxU Foynet hath this expiession. to shew the 
xra^x^btaty iVf uvliu: chasce : ** Neiihiar jSftsdng nor watch- 
^* iiwiT* tK>r aay sttch likc^ is mor^ ahce to soait their desire^ 
*^ >.ro ;i;\t h^-^^:*"^. Nni^^ m^^'^oxxi. uuin ifriinng of moisture 
** Atxl vNiirth aIvv,: :Sc r\xK vSf di :rvt\ 5o ye kill him not, is 
'^ ^bk^ V s:;r;it^: ;>sr 5^:»c tr^xr nvoi hhr^cic^ forth of leaves 


^ and blossoms in the spiingutmie of die jeat.^ And the chap. 
bfesBid Bishop Taylor, in that sermon at PanPs Cross, is ^^^"* 


id by Martjm to have alleged this passage out of Pojmetls Anno 16M. 
bodk, oonceming the necessity for bii^ps and priests to 
BBsny, by St. Paul's doctrine to Timothy ; " St Paul saith 
^^ to Timothy and Tite, A bishop orprie^ mast be the hus- 
** band of one wifs. Paul doth not say, It is enough fhr 
^ him, if he hath had a wife; but )ie saith in the present 
^ time^ Siquis est rine crimineyunius uxoris vir^ et oportet 
** ipsum ESSE irrqfrehefvribUem. He must esse, be the 
^ husband of one wife. Nether find I fault with the doc- 
tors, which change be into hath been, but such bishops 
and priests as neither be nor have been maitied, nor will 
marry to diis day, must find some other exposition for 
^^ diis text of St. Paul, or eUe cannot I see how they can 
excuse themselves, but that they shall be found guilty by 
this description and rule of a blameleiss bishop^^ 
In oonfiitation of this book. Dr. Martyn undertook to Answered 
answer thi^ poinds. 1. Poynet's fialse expounding of the^^^"**"* 
inly scriptures, touching priests^ marriage. 2. His untrue 
interpretation of God^s word^ fen* the defence of married 
raonks, nuns, and friars. 8. His falsely reporting the canons 
d the Apostles, untruly aQeging sundry chmnides and his- 
tcnries, and moiit unhoniestly slaiidering old writings, and the 
decrees of holy fathers. But Dr. Martyn was not Poynet's 
match) who sufficiently vindicated himself, soon after Martyn 
had set forth his book : and Archbishop Parker, under Queen Life of 
Elizabeth, published a very learned manuscript, wrote m^^^^^^^ 
Queen Mory^s reign, in answer likewise to Mattyn; which 
was Pojmet's. Td whidi that Ardibishop himself made very 
hu^ and excellent additions: which are taken notice of by 
me elsewhere. 

The learned knight, SSr John Cheke, printed this year Cheke seu 
his translation of Chrysostom^s homily. Brethren, ^ ^^'^^^^^ ilxions, 
not have you ignorant, &c.v: printed by Tho. Berthelet. 
This knight also set forth a translation of the New Testa- 
raant, ixk 4P. 

E 4 


BOOK John Knox, the earnest prendier, and one of the K 

°' itinengies, was now in the north : and on Christmas 

Atmo iMt.he preadied at Newcastk upon Tyne. There he 8 

**", ^ against the obstinacy of the Papists, and affirmed, *^ 

NciMMtie. ^^ whosoever in his heart was enemy to Christ's gospe 

^^ doctrine, which thai was preached within the reahn 

«< enemy also to Grod, and secret traitcnr to the crown 

^' commonwealth of England. And that, as such, thi 

after nothing more than the Kii^^s death, which 

iniquities would procure, he said, so they r^ardec 

« who should reign over them, so that thdr idolatry i 

^f be erected again.^ This, it seems, provoked many c 

auditors extremely; ioaomuch tluit they b^an to raise 

Ue against him, and accused him to the magistrate ; a 

pears by his Jdmonitian to the Professors ofGocTs 2 

in England^ printed in 1554. *' How these my wor 

that time pleased moi, the crimes and actions intc 

against me did declare.^ But thai, Queen Mary ] 

on the throne, and Philip of Spain made her husban 

SSpiq'pealed to those ezpresaons of his, reckcming it at 

time as a thing commonly owned, that the people had 

a very bad dioioe^ wh^i they took fcnr that Queen a Sp 

husband to reign over them. ^ Let my v^ enemiei 

^* say their conscience, if those my words are not pi 

" true." 

The King The Lady Anne of Cleves, once King Henry'^s wife 

^SS^^^tk divorced, was still alive, living in England upon her d< 

^^^^ and, as it seems, m good reputation. She had Ian 

cicfct. Bisham, which were those, I suppose, formerly beloi 

to the mmiastery there; and at Blechingley, where sh 

a house^ and sometimes dwelt. She seemed to be a la 

good behaviour, and of an obliging carriage ; bearing a 

friendly correspondence with the Lady Mary, as wi 

with the other ladies of the Court. She spoke, or at 

writ, En^ish v^ well, as appears by her letter u 

written: which she writ upon certain business happ 

between the Lady Mary and her> occasioned by a chan 



liiids the IQiur made this year, both with her and with his CHAF. 
ngter. The lands which the Lady Anne parted with to him 

wwe those of Bisham: for which the King granted her Anno iss^, 

Westrop in Suffolk, with the appendages : for the getting 

of which confirmed to her, she was fain to widt a great 

while. Of the Lady Mary Hkewise, this year, the King de- 

nred to have in exchange her manors of St. Osy thX Clax- 

ton Magna and Panra, and Willeigh, all in Essex. The 

Lady Mary desired of the King, (m recompence for this 

diange, I suppose,) those lands in Suffolk which he had 

giten bef<Mre to the Lady Anne. This occainoned the stop 

of the great seal, which, after long expectation, was gmng 

to pass for the Lady Anne. Whereupon she wrote this dvil 

letter to the Lady Mary, which I have transcribed from the 

oiiginal of her own hand. 

^^ To my Lady Mcvry*$ GrcLce. 

^ Madam ; After my most harty commendations unto She writes 
« your Grace, being very deaious to hear of your prosper- "Cj'. ^'' 
**ou8 health; wherdn I much do rejoice. It may please ^^' ®' P- 
^ you to be advertised, that it hath pleased the King^s Ma- 
^ jesty to have in exchange my manor and lands of Bysham 
^ in the county of Berkshire; granting me, in recompence, 
^ the house of Westrop in Suffolk, with the two parks, and 
'^ certain manors thereunto adjoining. Notwithstanding, if 
'^ it had been his Highness pleasure, I was well contented 
^' to have continued without exchange. For which graunt, 
*^ for mine own assurance in that behalf, I have travailed, 
^ to my great cost and charge, almost this twelve months : 
'^ and it hath passed the King^s Majesty^s bill signed, and 
^ the privy seal, being now, as I am informed, stayed at the 
^^ great seal, for that you. Madam, be minded to have th& 
^^ same, not knowing, as I suppose, of the said graunt. I 
'' have also received at this Michaelmas last past, part of the 
^ lent of the fnesaid manors. Considering the premisses, 
^ and for the amity which hath always been betwixt us, of 
^ the which I most earnestly desire the continuance, that it 
" may please you therefore to ascertain m^ by your letters. 


BOOK <' or otherwise, as it ahall stand with your pleasure. And 

'' thus, good Madam, I commit you unto the ever-hyiog 


Aono 1558. « God, to have you in tnerciful keeping. From my house 
390 ^^ of Blychenley, the yiii. day of January, A^. Dy<^ jliii. 

Your assured lovyng friend, to her 
little power, to command, 

Anna, the dowghter of Cleves.^ 




The lands jj^ i\^q month of August before, I find the King gave tlw 
*~ *''lady, in consideration of the surrender of Bisham, the 
manors of Brbkeford and Thwaite in Suffolk, with diven 
other lands, (in which, I suppose, the aforesaid Westropifi 
comprised,) amounting to the yearly value c^ 672. 17^. 10^1* 
Dr. Day ex- Dr. Day, late bishop of Chichester, had been harboured 
judgment now about half a year with the Bishop of Ely, lord chancd- 
lOwutthe |q|.^ Ij^^ under restraint. There Cecyl, the secretary, bang 
one day entered into discourse with him about that same ar- 
gument, which, about two years before, was the cause of ins 
imprisonment and deprivation, viz* for disobeying an aria 
of the King and Council, for taking altars out of tte 
churches, and placing tables in their rooms, for the use of 
the holy commimion. Day now, in his converse with the 
Secretary, shewed himself very moderate in that behalf, 
when, as it seems, he entreated him to stand his friend for 
the obtaining of his liberty : whereat the Secretary, who had 
favourably reported of him at Court, willed him soon after 
to write the communication that they had together. Day 
therefore, January 10, wrote him a letter to this purport: 
That to treat of that argument could be no less unplesU 
sant and dangerous unto him, than it would be to a mei^- 
'^ chant to sail again in those seas wherein he had suffisrd 
shipwreck before ; yet he had gone about to acomipliiA 
the Secretary'*s will and pleasure, and had devised with 
^^ lumself, how and what he should write of that mattef. 
^^ But he professed, in good truth, he could not tell what hi 
*^ should write therein, otherwise than he had answered untc 
*^ the Lords of the Council, before he was committed tc 



** ptisoBw and «fter#jard to the omnmia^tmers, at the time of chap. 
^ Ids deprivatioD, viz, that he sticked not at the altar, either |_ 

^^ at the usual form of the altar, or of the ntuaticm thereof, ^^ i&^*< 
^ or of the matter, stooe or wood, whereof the altar was 
^^ made. And that he then look, as he did at present, those 
^' things to be indifferent, and to be ordered by them that 
^*had authcNTity. But that the commandment which was 
<< given him, to take down all altars within his diocese, and 
^ in the lieu of them to set up a table, implying in itself, as 
'^ he took it, a plain abolisJiment of the altar, both the name 
^ and the thing, from the use and ministration of the holy 
^OQmmunion, he could not with his conscience then exe- 
^ cute» as he answered the Lords of the Council then, and 
. ^afterwards to the King^s commissioners. And what he 
^^ should now answer further, he could not tell.^ But herein 
Day aeemed not fairly to relate the matter : for the com- 
ndsaoners, finding him so much to insist upon retaining the 
oame of altar, because he found it used in the old doctors, 
lod, as he pretended, in the scripture too, told him, that 
toudiing the naming of the holy table an altar, it was in- 
Afferrat, and left it so to him. He added, ^'that if the 391 
'' Secretary and Sir John Cheke would, in con^deration of 
^ the loss of his living, and two years^ imprisonment, obtain 
^ for him the lib^ty of a subject, if he should hereafter 
" abuse it, he would not desire to live ; and he would pray 
^ &x the King^s most excell^dt Majesty, and his most ho- 
^Dourable Council, and them his deliverers. But that if 
*' his liberty must be bought with a new conflict, and hazard 
^' of his conscience, he thought it better to want it, than to 
^ purchase so poor a commodity at so great a price.^ 

The KiBg^s debts pressing him, many commissions were Various 
this year, one upon the neck of another, sent forth, for the gjonrfor 
ranedying thereof; the Coundl hoping thereby to raise niising of 
great sums of money : whereby^ no question, great numbers ™®°"'* 
of people were suffidently vexed, to the discontent and dis- 
turbance of the innocent, as well as the guilty. 1. One com- 
mBoonj in March last, was issued to certain persons, for the 
surveyuig of the state oi all the King's courts erected for the 


BOOK custody of the King^s lands, and for the answering of hit 
^^' rents and revenues. 2. Another commisnon came forth ill 
Anno ISM. June, for the sale of chantry lands. 8. And m the sanie 
month were divers other commis^ons and instructions to pd^ 
culiar persons in every shire, to view and survey the bdDis^ 
plate, jewels, vestments, or ornaments belonging to eveiy 
church ; and to seize into their hands, to the King^s use^ 
such of the said goods as had been, at any time before thi 

ed to Clarencieux, the king at arms, to visit his provino^ 
that is, from the river Trent south waid, that whosoever had 
taken into their cognizance, or arms, standards, or banners, 
any bearing contrary to the usage of the realm, knowledge 
thereof should be given to the King and Council; I sup^ 
pose, to get fines that way also. 5. Another commissicm wa^ 
issued out in December, to the Duke of Northumberland, 
and several other noblemen and knights, to examine all iiit 
treasurers, receivers, and ofiicers whatsoever, of the Exche- 
quer, of the Court of Augmentations, of the King's Cham^ 
ber, of the First-fruits, of the Wards, of the duchy rf Laih 
caster, of the town and marches of Calais, of the town and 
garrison of Bewick ; and all other treasurers, which had 
been formerly, or were at present, from the S4th year of 
King Henry VIII. to that time, (that is, from the yeii^ 
153S to the year 155S, twenty years :) and also, all pa]f^ 
masters, surveyors, mustermasters, purveyors, victualkn^ 
and the like, that had received of the King, or his h!tbet\ 
any sums of money to be employed in the wars, buildings^ 
fortifications, or other affairs. And if any should be found 
indebted to the King, to proceed with them for the diie 
satisfaction thereof. 6. Another commission came forth the 
same month, to see how the King was satisfied as to lead^ 
belmetal, plate, jewels, ornaments, stock, &c. coming to him 
from divers monasteries, priories, colleges, and chantries, dr 
by attainder of divers persons, or by divers forfrits of jewds; 
silver bullion, plate, gold, and silver. 7. Yet another oomi* 
mission there was in January, to examine by record tvf 
chancery, or other -ways, what sums of money were due to 


the Kinff at any time for sale of lands, mnce the 4ith of CHAF. 


February, S7th Henry VIII. (the year wherein the lesser, 

monasteries were dissolved,) and how the same was answered. ^"^ ^**** 
8w Another yet came forth the same month, for the coIleo-392 
tiKXi of church-stuff, plate, jewels, ornaments, &c. 9* In the 
month of February we hear of another commission for many, 
or all counties in England, to survey all maimer of church 
goods. 10. And lastly, in March, when all this scraping 
would not get money enough for the King^s necessities, 
came forth a commission to sdl for ready money, as much of 
the King'^s manors and lands as should come to the value 
of lOOW. per annum. And there were other commissions 
of the same import, for sales, before this. And yet I find, 
that in February, before that oommismon was sealed, many 
ocmsiderable things were sold away from the crown ; as the 
manor of Keverdly in Lancashire, and other lands; the 
manor of Bushton in Wilts, and divers other lands ; the 
manor of Compton Basset in Wilts, the manor of Odick- . 
liol, and Chamleigh in Devon, the lordship of Otherey in 
Somersetshire, the tithes of the parish of Wrenbury in 
Cheshire, &c. 

Sir William Bowyer, an alderman of London, and lord 4 ^^""^^ 
mayor of the said city, anno 1544, dying in -his mayoralty, amiiie tbe 
left a fiur estate, and five daughters to inherit; but ^^f^^ 
painted such executors and overseers, as seemed more will- WiJJiam 
ing to enrich themselves by the estate of the deceased, and^^^^* 
ddEraud the dhildren, than to discharge their trusts faith- 
fully. Francis Chaloner married Agnes, one of the daugh- 
ters : which Francis had much contest with the executors ; 
and in the year 15S2 obtained a commission for the just 
exanrinarion and determination of this matter. And about 
Felnruary, a commission was granted, at the suit of the said 
Fiancis, to three doctors of the Arches, and three sergeants 
of law, who were. Dr. May, dean of St. Paulas, Dr. Leyson, 
and Dr. Cook, Gawdy, Stamford, and Catlyn, to call before 
them the executors and overseers of the said Sir William 
Bowyer^B will ; ^^ who,^ as the commission ran, ^^ had de- 
^^ fiauded Agnes, the daughter of the said William, and 


BOOK ^* four other Asters, of their said father*s legacies; wtiA 
^^' ** were great sums of money, besides moveable goods and 

Anno 1558. ^^ jewels, which they had abused to their own lucre, and had 
^^ not only left out of the inventories, exhibited into the 
^* prerogative court of the Arches, much of the goods and 
^^ jewels, but also had caused the saipe to be prized for 
^ under their value : and, that is worse, had also caused the 
^^ same to be rased, and many parts to be canceled: 
** whereby they had made the same very unperfect. Not m 
^^ contented^ had caused the hoped f(»r and recuperable 
^^ debts to be put into the title of the desperaie debts. Ani 
^^ am(Hig the debts, had put in many fi^gned sums of monejr 
^^ to be indebted by the deceased to them : and finally, had 
^^ extended the funeral expences to S002. above the same ap- 
** pointed by the order of the city.'' • 
Bishop The persons ordained this year by Ridley, bishop rf 

ordinations. Lond<Hi, were first. May 15, eleven deacons, all of thcns 
Fellows, or Masters of Art of Cambridge, and six {Hriests; 
Again, at Bartholomew-tide, requesting licence to ordain of 
die !IKshop of Ely, Ridley being then at Cambridge, in thai 
Bishop's diocese, he ordained in Pembroke hall, his own 
college, Robert Kensey, M. A. Fellow of Trinity Collie, 
Vicar of Ware ; and many others. Again, December 11, 
were seven deacons ordained : whereof .one was aged forty, 
another thirty-sevaii, and another thirty-three. Again, 
December 521, were ordained three priests; William Harley 
393 of Kathann Creechurch, Xiondotr; William Turner, dean 
of Wells, and Robert Kensey, before mentioned. 
Places and Tfais year were these places and offices conferred by the 
stowed^ King. In April, Ambrose Elarl of Warwick, didest son <rf 
the Duke of Ncnrthumberland, was made master of the 
TSjn^% horses,'upon the Earl of PembnJce's surrender of 
that office: and ta liave 100 marks yearly. In the same 
month, the King appcnnted for his chief ofiicers in the Mint 
within the Tower, Thomas Egerton, esq. treasurer of the 
Mint; Thomas^ Stanley, comptroller; William Billingsley, 
assaymaster ; John Munds, provost. And Sir John God* 
salve, who bad^been before comptroller, in regard of his 


surrender, had an annuity of 601. And to Sir Nich. Throg- CHAP.- 
morion, late one of the treasurers of the coin of the said ^^^^^' 
Mint, was granted an annuity of lOOZ. for his surrender Anno i&.^s. 
and his faithful service. In May, Sir Edward Bray had 
the grant of 'the constableship of the Tower in reversion, 
after the death of Sir John Gage, by the fee of 60/. per 
annum. In June, Sir Roger Chohnely was constituted 
lord chief justice of England; Henry Bradslmw, chief 
baron of the Exchequer ; Edmund Griffith was made at- 
tOFDey-gaieral of all the Courts of Record within England ; 
and John Gosndd solicitor-general. In the same month, 
the Lord Robert Dudley, another of the Duke of N(»*thum- 
berland^s sons, was made master of the buck-hounds, with 
the yearly fee of 33/. &. 8d. upon surrender of the same by 
the Earl of Warwick, his brother. In September Sir John 
Cheke, knt and one of the privy chamber, obtained a 
patent to be one of the chamberlwis of the Exchequer, or 
of the receipt of the Exchequer ; once belonging to Sir 
Anthony Wyngfield, deceased: and also to appoint the 
keeper of the door of the said receipt, and of all other 
officers belonging to the same. Dr. Nicolls had a patent fcH* 
an annuity o^ 102. and a licence to take the bodies of pri- 
soners, both men and women, after their execution, [for dis« 
secdng.] He was, I suppose, constituted the King^s chi- 
rurgeon. As the year before, John Hemingway had the 
office of being the Eing^s apothecary given him ; and a fee 
of 40 marks yearly. And in February the abovesaid Lord 
Robert Dudley had the oflSce capitaiis trenchiatorisj [chief 
carver,] upon the surrender of the Duke his father^s patent 
tor the same place, granted him by King Henry VIII. to 
have to the said Robert for term of life, with the fee of 50/. 
yearly. This place the said Lord Robert had executed from 
the feast of St. Midbael. 


^^^^^ CHAP. XIX. 

T— — "J Parliament. The King^s letters to the Sheriffi. BU 
304 shopric of Durham dissolved. A general pardon. Cer- 
tain excepted. TTie King renwoes to Greewwich. JTnox^i 
last sermon at Court. Swmmoned he/bre the Council 
Earls of Pembroke and Westmorland. Sir Andrew Dud- 
ley. Sir John Williams. Melancthon. Norik^easi pas- 
sage. Archbishop Holgate. 

The King's ToW ARDS the conclusion of the year, the Kinff called 

care for an t* i« a -i 1 • • 1 • i* 

mbie Par. a new Parhament. And now beginning to set himself, as 
^**°'^°^' his years came on, to mind business, he intended to ha^e an - 
house composed of men of great and good alnlities, to con- 
sult withal in the present affairs and difiicultieg of his king- 
dom. Therefore, after he had sent out a warrant, Jan. 18, 
to the Lord Chancellor, to direct forth process foar the sum- 
moning of a Parliament the 1st of March next, he caused his 
letters to be wrote in January to the sheriffs of each coun- 
ty, that they should diligently give notice to the dtizens, 
and burgesses, and freeholders of every county, that it was 
the King^s will they should choose and send up to him, as 
much as possibly they might, men of knowledge and expe- 
rience, that so the needs of the State might be more effec- 
tually provided for than heretofore had been. And. that 
where any of his privy counsellors should recommend men 
of learning and wisdom, to have regard to their directicHi, as 
tending to the same. The letter was as foUoweth : 
the King's ' " Trusty and well-beloved, we greet you welL Fooraft- 

letter to the ^^ 1 i_ ^ j» j • j ^^ j 

sheriffs for much as wc have, for divers good considerations, caused a 
parliament « summouition for a Parliament to be made, as we doubt 
^^ not but ye understand the same by our writs sent in that 
^^ behalf unto you ; we have thought it meet, for the fur- 
^^ therance of such causes as are to be propounded in the 
^^ said Parliament, for the common weal of our realm, that 
^' in the election of such persons as shall be sent to the Par- 
<^ lament, either from our counties, as knights thereof, or 
<^ from our cities and boroughs, there be good regard had, 
^< that the choice be made of men of gravity and knowled^ 




** in their own countries and towns, fit, for their understand- CHAP. 
^ ing and qualities, to be in such a great council. And 

** therefore, since some part of the proceeding herein shall Anno i55«. 
** rest in you, by virtue of your office, we do, for the great 
*' desire we have that this our Parliament may be assem- 
*' bled with personages out of every country, of wisdom 
^^ and experience, at this present will and command you, 
*^ that ye shall give notice, as well to the freeholders of 
** your county, as to the citizens and burgesses of any city 
** or borough, which shall have any of our writs, by your di- 
^' rection, for the election of citizens and burgesses, that our 395 
'^ pleasure and commandment is, that they shall choose and 
^^ iqypoint (as nigh as they possibly may) men of knowledge 
^^ and experience, within the counties, cities, and boroughs : 
" so as by the assembly of such, we may, by God'*s good- 
^^ ness, provide (thorough the advice and knowledge of the 
^^ said Parliament) for the redress of the lacks in our com- 
^^ monweal, more effectually than heretofore hath been. 
^^ And yet, nevertheless, om* pleasure is, that where our 
** Privy Council, or any of them, within their jurisdictions, 
<' in our behalf, shall recommend men of learning and wis- 
^^ dom ; in such case their directions be regarded and fol- 
lowed, as tending to the same which we desire ; that is, 
to have this assembly to be of the most chiefest men in 
^^ our realm for advice and good counsel.^ 

Lietters also were sent in January from the King to some Persons no- 
of the high sherifis, recommending therein persons to them jf^rghu o'^' 
to be elected knights : as one to the sheriff of Hampshire,**** ***"*• 
fcnr the electing of Sir Richard Cotton to be one of the 
kni^ts for that shire. The like letter to the sheriff of Suf- 
folk, for the electing of Sir William Drury and Sir Henry 
Benningfield, knights, for the next Parliament. Another to 
the sheriff of Bedfordshire, in commendation of Sir John 
St. John, knight, and Lewis D}rve, esq. To the Sheriff of 
Surrey, in commendation of Sir Thomas Cavarden, knight, 
and John Vaughan, esq. To the sheriff of Cambridge, for 
Sir Edward North and James Dyve, esq. To the sheriff 
of Berks, for Sir William FitzwiUiams and Sir Heilry Ne- 



BOOK vyl. To the sheriff of Oxoo, for Sir John Williams and 
"• Richard Fines, esq. To the sheriff of Northamptonshire, 
AnnpiAAfl.for Sir Nicolas Throgmorton and Robert Lane, esq. And 
no more were recommended by the King^s letters. And 
these were such as belonged to the Court, or were in {daces 
of trust about the King. 
OlMHilutlun This Parliament began to sit March 1, and ended Mardi 
•liM|irii) of the last, in the seventh year of the King. Then was a pn- 
Uurliftiu. yi^i^ ^^ made for denizing the children of Richard Hills, 
an eminent merchant abroad ; and another for restitution 
of Edward Seimour, knight, eldest son to the late Duke d 
Somerset. And the third and last private act was for the 
dissolution of the bishopric of Durham ; that so the cour- 
tiers, (however well the King meant it, vix. for the found- 
ing two bishoprics out of it,) as if they had not Plough 
humbled the Church, might have a few more good fleece 
from her. But he that had the greatest expectation from 
this dissolved bishopric, namely, the Duke of Northumber- 
land, was sadly disappcnnted, and instead of gaining the 
good revenue thereof, lost his own head, and his possessions 
beside, within less than half a year after. These were sud- 
den counsels, and carried with a strong hand ; for but in 
November last, a grant was made of this Inshopric to Ro- 
bert Horn, D. D. the dean of that church. 
Ourhtm For it was soon after this dissolution of the bishopric, 

county pa- namely, in April, that Durham was changed into a county 
utine. palatine, and so to continue from thenceforth- by letters pa- 
tents : wherein was set down the constitution thereof, and 
the number of judges, officers, and ministers were appoint- 
ed, requisite to supply the same ; and to have a great seal 
and privy seal ; and to be united to the imperial crown of 
the realm. And this new county palatine was, I suppose, 
396 to add a new title to the ambitious Duke of Northumber- 
land3 vix. Earl of Durham. I find the demeans of this dis- 
solved bishopric began soon to be dispersed. For in May 
the fee-farm of the lordship, manor, town, and borough of 
Gateshead, late parcel of tlie possessions of that tnahopric, 
were granted to the mayor and burgesses of Newcastle. 


And in June the capital messuage of Coldharborough in CHAP. 
Thames-street^ London, lately belonging to the said hi- ^'^* 

shofMTic, was given to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Anno im«. 

The King concluded this Parliament with a general par- Persons ex- 
don. Out of which were these persons following excepted : of the ^ne- 
Cardinal Pole, Jefirey Pole, [brother, unless I mistake, to ^^^ P"don. 
the Cardinal, some of whose name, viz. Arthur and Ed- 
mund, were in a plot afterwards against Queen Elizabeth, 
and pardoned.] Richard Pate, [once Bishop of Worcester, 
and was at the Council of Trent ; and so shall be again 
under Queen Mary, and who fled abroad again under Queen 
Elizabeth.] Goldwel, [servant to Cardinal Pole, and under 
Quem Mary made bishop of St. Asaph, and fled abroad 
again under Queen Elizabeth, and abode at Rome.] John 
element, [doctor of physic, and that had been schoolmaster 
to Sir Thomas Morels children. In Morels epistle to Pe- 
trus iEgidius of Antwerp, he called this Clement, puer, 
i. e. his servant; ^^ whom, he said, he suffered not to be 
^^ away from any discourse, whence he might reap some 
<' benefit or advantage. For from this young bladed and 
new diot up grain, which had already begun to sprii^ up 
in Greek and Latin learning, he looked for, he said^ a 
plentifrd increase, at length, of goodly ripe com.^ This 
Clement was ccmstituted by Cardinal Wolsey his rhetoric 
and Greek reader.] John Story, doctor of law, [that was 
undo* Queen Mary a great man, and very zealous in the 
office of examining and butchering the poor Protestants ; 
but his end was the death of a traitor under Queen Eliza^ 
betb.] William Rastal, [who was the son of Jdin Rastal, 
a learned man, and a printer, who married Sir Thomas 
Moce's sister. This William, nephew to Sir Thomas, was 
of Lincoln^s Inn^ went beyond sea under King Edward,, 
and abode at Lovain. Under Queen Mary he returned, 
and was made cme of the Justices of the Common Pleas. 
This man wrote several books of the law. Under Queen 
Elijudbethy he fled to Lovain again, and thare died. This 
William Bastat married John^ ClenientV daughter.} Three 
Italians alaa^ xnx. Amfaaoy Bottviee,. BenecBct BoHvioe, and 




BOOK Balthazar Guarsey: [this Balthazar, I take to be once of 
'^' Canterbury, and very busy in collecting accusations against 

Anno 1552. good Archbishop Cranmer, about that time under King 
Henry VIII. when Bishop Gardiner, and several of the 
prebendaries, and others of the church of Canterbury, had 
conspired to ruin him.] Germain Seo, Edmund and Tho- 
mas Craifford, Thomas Finch, Thomas Raynolds of Whit- 
staple in the county of Kent; and another Thomas Ray- 
nolds, related probably to Raynolds, the monk of Sion, 
that was executed under King Henry for refunng the su^ 
premacy ; and lastly, William Bedel. Many of these were 
concerned with Cardinal Pole, and others denied the supre- 
macy; and some were concerned with the holy maid of 
AmbasM- This March were Dr. Wotton and Sir Thomas Chabner 
^"' sent to the French King : and Sir Philip Hoby sent to the 
Emperor: and so was also Thirlby, bishop of Norwich. 
Hoby was to be ledger there, in Sir Richard Mbrison's 
397 i^oom, now coming home. To whom there was a letter sent, 
April 1, to deliver to Sir Philip Hoby, sent ambassador to 
the Emperor, by bill indebted, all such plate as he recdved 
when he entered into that charge. 
Tfcstons In York, and those northern parts, the testons still 

Torkf ' passed for sixpence ; but about April a design was in hand 
to take them down to a groat. An inkling of which going 
about, every body ran in with their testons to the mint in 
York, and paid them in there. Whereupon grew this in- 
convenience, that all commodities began to rise much, and 
a great scarcity of money followed. Wherefore to remedy 
this dearth, the Council in the north was fain to procure 
some to be punished, that sold at unreasonable and prohi- 
bited prices. 
The King's The King, for his health^s sake, as it seems, and to en- 
to Green- j^J ^^ country air, removed, April 11, from Westminster by 
wich. water to Greenwich. As he passed by the Tower, he was 

presented with a great shot of guns and chambers : and all 
the ships shot off their guns all the way to Ratcliff ; and so 
did the three ships that were riding there, appointed to go 


bo Newfound Land, and the two pinnaces that were to ac- CHAP. 
Dompany them. And this was the last remove of the good ;_ 

King - Anno 155ft. 

Apiil 17, came a command down to London, that all the A certificate 
diurchwardens of London should repair unto Guildhall, ^^^^^ 
and appear before the Eing^s commissioners, the Bishop o(^^^^°^ to 
London, and the Lord Mayor, and Chdmely, lord chimin, 
justice ; and bring with them a true certificate of all church 
goods,. plate, money, bells, and of all copes and ornaments 
that pertained to each church. For the sacrilegious hunger 
of the courtiers was not yet satiated. 

Knox, it seems, upon the displeasure taken against him Knox 
in Newcastle, as was said before, soon after returned tOhlTi^ 
London, apd being in good reputation with the King, and wrmon at 
some of the Council, for his zealous preaching against the 
errors of Rome, and the vices of the time, he was appointed 
to preach before the King and his Council at Westminster, 
a little before his Majesty departed thence. And his ser* 
mon, being the last he preached before his Majesty, he 
suited to the Court as it now stood ; wherein the main go- 
verning men, and who carried all the stroke, were mere 
temporizers, and secretly well-wishers to the old religion, 
and shewing little zeal for the present establishment of the 
Church, any further llian the national laws absolutely re- 
quired : and so they outwardly complied, but craftily con- 
cealed their inward judgments, for the accomplishing th&x 
worldly ends and interests. These were the men now chiefly 
about the King. There were two ei^)ecially ruled all in the 
Court, the Duke of Northumberland, by stout courage and 
proudness of stomach, and the Marquis of Winchester, the 
treasurer, by counsel and wit. This was well enough ob- 
served by the good sort: and bold Knox, being now to 
preach at Court, was resolved to speak his mind, and re- 
prove them, even to their faces. And for that purpose, 
took his text in Psalm xl. He that eateth bread with me^ 
haih lift wp his heel offainst me. This sermon he spake of 
afterwards, in his Faithfiil Admonition ; where he was men- 
tioning how the Papists, with their craft, wrought all mis- 

F 3 


HOOK chief in King EdwanTs reign, being inch as bore autbority 

'•• and rule. "And who, I pray,'' nid be, " ruled the r«»t in 

Ahw lAftf . •« the Court all this dme, by stout courage and proudnen 
" of stomach, but Northumberiand ? And who, I pn^^ you, 
.1|)H " niled all by counsd and wit? Shall I name the man? I 
" will write no more plainly now than my tongue spake the 
** Im mormon that it pleased God that I should make be- 
«« (\in» ihat innocent and most godly King Edward VI. and 
«^ )h»(^mv tho CouncH at Westminster, and even to the £sKes 
« s^ ^swK"^ Sic. 

M> ^HS>4Mih^) «^ the foresaid text, he made this affirmation, 
^' ^V\\*i\ \>^m\^v^\\ it is seen, that the most godly princes 
'> \\^\ vOKsH!^^ aih) chief counsellors most ungodly, conjured 
"^ t^uvAwW* U^ iW^iV true rehgion, and traitors to their 
V ^MHVJt : ^ iImiI tkcir wickedness and ungodliness was 
^^ ^ip^^t^Uy )>«^wvi\^ and cspkd out of the smd princes 
'' wU gUUv ttWQ : but that for a time those crafty colours 
** coukl io ckiak thetr malice agnnst Grod and his truth, 
^^ aud iKeur hoUow hearts towards dieir kmi^ masters, that, 
^^ by wwldlY wisdom and pcficj, at length th^ attained to 
^^ high promotioBSL"* And for the proof of this his affirma- 
tion, he recited the histories of Achitoidiel, and Shebna, 
and Judas. Of whom the two former had high offices «dA 
prmnodons, with great authority, under die most goSj 
princes Darid and Ezekuis; and Judas was purse-master 
with Christ Jesus. And when he had made some discourse 
in that matter, he moved tlus question, ^' Why so godly 
'^ princes permitted so wicked men to be upon didr coun- 
**' cil, and to bear office and authority under them ?^ To 
which he answered, << That other they so abounded in 
oridly wisdom, foreaght, and experience, touching the 
goiremment of a commonwealth, that their counsel ap- 
^ peared to be so necessary, that the commonwealth could 
^ not lack them, and so by the ocdour to preserve the tran- 
^ quilfity and quietness in realms, they were maintuned in 
^authority; or else they kept their malice, which they 
** bare towards thdr mastors and Grod*s true religion, so 
^' secret in their breasts, that no man could espy it, till by 


^* Grod^s permission they waited for such occasion and op- CHAP. 
*' portunity, that they utt^ed all thrir mischief so plainly, 

that all the world might perceive it. And that was most Anno U6t. 
evident by Achitophel and Shebna. For of Achit<^heP^K-*s» 
it ia written, that he was David^s most secret counsellor ; 
'* and that because his counsel in those days was like the 
** oracle of God. And Shebna was unto good King Ezekias Em- »ii. 
'* sometime comptroller, sometime secretary, and last of all 
" treasurer. To the which offices he had never been pro- 
** moted under so godly a prince, if the treason and malice 
^^ whidi he bare against the King, and against God^s true 
** reli^on, had been manifestly known. No,^ said he, 
^' Sobna was a crafty fox, and could shew such a fair coun- 
*^ tenance to the King, that neither Jhe nor his council 
*^ could espy his malicious treason. But the prophet Esaias 
^* was commanded by Grod to go to his presence, and to de- 
** dare his traitcfrous heart and miserable end. 

** Were David,*" said he, "and Ezekias, princes of great 
^^ and godly gifts and experience, abused by crafty coun- 
sellors and dissembling hypocrites ? What wonder is it 
then, that a young and innocent King be deceived by 
crafty, covetous, wicked, and ungodly counsellors ? I am 
greatly afraid that Achitophel be counsellor, that Judas 
bear the putse, and that Sobna be scribe, comptroller, 
'^ and treasurer."" This he said, and somewhat more he 
spake that day, not in a comer, but even before those 
whom his conscience judged worthy of accusation. He 
said, that since that time they had declared themselves 
ndore manifestly, namely, under the Queen. He affirmed, 
that under that innocent King, pestilent Papists had 399 
greatest authority. " Oh ! who was judged to be the soul 
** and life to the Council in every matter of weighty im- 
** portance ? Who but Sobna ? Who was most frank and 
** ready to destroy Somerset, and set up Northumberland ? 
<* Was it not Sobna ? Who was most bold to cry, Bastard, 
^' bastard ; incestuous bastard Mary shall never reign over 
** us? And who, I pray, was most busy to say. Fear not 
** to sdbsmbe with my Lords of the King's Majesty's most 




iK^HHinihle Privy Council : agree to his Grace'*s last irill 
^ aik) ivdWt testament And let never that obstinate wo- 
'^ wwui \XMKio to authority. She is an eiTant Papist. She will 

>Mb>ttt the true idigion, and will bring in strangers, to 
>^ iW \k^nictkiii of this oommonwealth. Which of the 

\\^Micw. I «iiT« had these, and greater persuasions against 
"^ >i«r^x V «iMn now he crouches and kneeleth? Sobna 

v-V $^>«ttKr. Attd what intended such traitorous and 

* xi>«M.'tt»^aaM: \xf^vritts by all these and such like cnifly 

* >;>i^Vx ««gl cv«ttHKrim cooveyance? Doubdess the over- 
- ;.V^>^« ^^ v^bcrssc^^ rue rd^ioo, which then began to 
** eksiK«M^ -tt V^i^viiid.* Thus he wrote eoocenung his 

N * \'v * bti«; 'K>^^t;hs43iHnti^ :ae pKicmg glboMes thereof upon 
r\.\ \^ * ' x^^uiv- ^"^ aV ^*^«£ "Mijtt,. ^ w«c « ■B» as I can guess, ^ut 
liux :.iUK\ .iVu lOi^ CsHUKu jiiis 3» :k Airiibishcp of Can- 
uiiK^Aj^ :«> *x^u* 'iikf ivm^ -jc Ai&aSows upon Mr. Knox. 
Bu: \»a«.ii .: ^zts jifenu Tim, 2fiif rsaaed it, not caring to be 
bv>uiKl u> Udc Jul SJmr Ekfwani s imiL Aad Sampscm, and 
af t«ri' him Sauniers. I j& cg^anl s a BKrrr«) were collated to 
Uc Couu- tbe said pariah. April 14. Ksux wv caDed brfcHre the 
Liu^w^'c ^ Councix : who finpaiwipd of hiai dinw qoestiDns^ 1. Why 
lUciu to tie refused the besedce provided Ssr hini in London ? To 
c;*uitf. which he answered, due hs cooadesice £1 wkness, that he 
mighc profit more in wrae ocfao- piace dian in London. And 
therefore had no pleasore to accept any ofioe diere: but he 
might hare umwend^ that he refused thift parsonage, be- 
cause of NorthumberkaKTs oontrarr command; who de- 
signed it, perhaps f"^ him that succeeded into it, namely, 
SampvoD. S. Whether he thought that no Christian might 
senre in th<r 6«f;i«si»rtical ministration accoiding to the rites 
and Uws tA the realm of England? To wUdi he said, 
that many ttiing* at that time were worthy of reformatioQ 
in the ministry r/f Kngland ; without the reformation where- 
of, no mintnUrr did or could discharge his consciffldoe be- 
fiire Gfid. Ftjr no ministers in England had authority to 
separate the k^pers from the heal : (i. ^. the whcde or sound ; 
that is, they had not the full power of excommimication :) 


1 was, he said, a chief point of his office. 8. They CHAR 
I him, if kneeling at the Lord^s table was not indif» ^^' 
t? He answered, that Christ^s action was most per- Anno 1559. 
and that it was most siure to follow his example: 
hat kneeling was man^s addition and invention. About 
last question, there was great contention between 
oords of the Council and him. There were then pre- 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, Cranmer ; the Bishop 
ly, Goodrich ; Lord Chancellor, the Lord Treasurer, 
Saris of Bedford, Northampton,{Shrewsbury, the Lord 
nberlain, and both the .Secretaries. After long reason- 
it was said to him, he was not called of any ill mean- 
and that they were sorry to know him of a contrary 
to the common order. He answered, he was sorry 
ommon order was contrary to Christ^s institution. He 
lismissed, with some gentle speeches, and willed him to 400 
e with himself, if he would communicate according to 
order^ All this above is collected from a letter of 
Cs own writing. 

»w Knox seems to have gone into the parts of Buck- Knox fa 
mshire, and that in his itinerary course of preaching. "^ ' 
)me places in this circuit, and particularly at Amer- 
» he took a liking, partly for their forwardness to hear 
EUid partly for their civilities towards him. In these, 
!bre, and such like places, he would tarry somewhat 
r than in others, where he could not find so much de- 
, and there, and elsewhere, sometime allow himself 
tdon. But this was afterwards a trouble to him, as 
[ling himself to have been guilty of too much indul- 
to himself, and of too little regard of the need that 
people stood in, of having the gospel preached to 
: and he blamed himself, ^^ that he had not been an in- Faithful 
erent feeder, as was required of Christ's stewards. For^^^™°"'" 
)reaching Christ's gospel,** said he, " albeit my eye, as 
1 knoweth, was not much upon worldly promotion; 
the love of friends, and carnal affection of some men, 
1 whom I was most familiar, allured me to make more 
ience in one place than in another ; having more re- 




Anno iftftf. 


spect to the pleasure at a few, than to the neeesaty 
^* many. That day I thoilght I had not sinned, If 1 
'* not been idle. But thid day I know it was my duty 
^< have had connderation, how long I had remain^ in 
'* place, and how many hungry souls were in other p 
^^ to whom, alas ! none took pains to break and distril 
^* the bread of life* Moreover, remaining in one plaee^ 
^* was not so diligent as mine office required, but som< 
'* by counsel of carnal friends, 1 sptured the body ; 
'* time I spent in worldly buEaness of particular 
^^ and some time in taking recreation and pastime, by est 
•' cise of my body." This I the rather set down, that 
may see one of the King^s itineraries in his office. 

But leaving Knox, we shall make some remembrances 
other men of note, as they occasionally about this time 
us matter to relate of them. 

Sir William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, now grew 
having been lately advanced from a commoner to a nobl 
man, specially since the conspiracy of the Duke of ^i 
set, wherein it was pretended, that he, together with tlu^3! 
Duke of Northumberland, and the Marquis of North«ai]^~ i 
ton, his brother-in-law, should have been assassinated! -■ 
whereby he became linked in with those two overtojqpi 
men. He was made president of the Council for 
marches of Wales in 155S. And in this last year of tM 
Sang, he made two great purchases of lands and lordsJiipdi. ' 
from the crown, which cost him upwards of 1800Z. H^ 
' was made the first and chief of a commission to view aB# 
smrvey all church goods, plate, furniture, &c. belongii^ td 
any church, chapel, or guild, in the county of Chester. ThI 
King also bestowed upon him the office of keeping the ^ 
rests and parks of Claringdon, Pauncet, Buckholt, axri 
Melthurst, in Wilts ; to him and his son for their lives. 
And he obtained, as of the King'^s gift, the manor of Dii- 
nyate in Somersetshire, with other lands' and possesions. 
401 Henry Nevyl was Earl of Westmorland in this reign, a 
Westmor- person of ancient nobility, but of a taiMed life and ble- 
doned and mished manners. In the ^ear 1551 he conspired to have 



ibed ihe King's treasure at Middleham, where his Ma* CHAP. 
tj had confflderabk revenues. He endeavoured also to ^'^* 

b bis mother: and sdd land to the value of 9007. per Anno i66f. 

aiuniy either lavished away in prodigality, or to cany 

I a treason. And to ple^use the people, he intended to set 

rth a pTodamation for the raising of coin to its former 

ihie, which, being of a baser alloy, had been lately cried 

ofwn, hy the Eong's order, that money might oome to a 

reer standard. These things Horn, dean of Durham, had 

Bsoovered against him in October 1559 : but was bid to 

i»ep the matter close. Whatever punishment this Eari un- 

lerwent, in the beginning of April 155S, by the means, f 

Nippose, of Northumberland, who grew formidably great in 

fte northern parts, to gain this northern nobleman, had 

great favour shewn him. For he had a pardon of all trea^ 

tons, little and great, misprifAon of treason, fcc comnritted 

Mure the 90th of March last ; and soon after, in the same 

moDth, the King gave him the manors of Keaton^ hufUm^ 

Ghetecomb, Baseby, Stow, and Deping, and other landf 

in the counties of Devon and Lincoln. To wbon they w^rrt 

before entailed : to him and the h^rs of his body. And m 

die month fi^owing, ocHnmission came to the Earl f^ Hm^ 

tii^dott and Sir Andrew Dudley, knights of the ipr^l^ar^ V/ 

adnnt and install the said Westmorland into the atid ur^, 

WIndi Sir Andrew, cS. late risen exc e e din gl y , as w*«Jj m ^^ h^^^^m 
Ac Lord Chamberlain, {viz. the Lord Darcy,) Im^ '^'^^J^/JiT* 
Ml kfdy admitted into the said order. And m Ayr>j 4m^ *f ^*'^- 
^bskg gave them both, out of his wardrtibe, 4ig)>v»9iW jwA^ 
of crimson velvet, for the Hvery of the «aid m^t^ f/ ^J**- 
Garter, and ten yards apeee of white mgrtxn^ ^ff *aM^m^ 
to Kne it Dudley succeeded the Lord Fa^^ «^>v^ ^y^^ 
pretence of defect of blood and arms &r ^hr^, 4»!«^>«i*^> ^^ 
been before deprived of the Grarter ig/aoaism^Mir h*/^ ^ 
lAer ccsruleuSj in the l e gisUj cf the ksi^^ k^ f^ 
Windsor, observed, it waa not w rotid) thoair f^uft**^ *t ^^ 
prevalence and practice of the Dofce </ 5Cor*w«A»yl<«M4, 
ty which he had been mgusthr and uo<Jkwf^«>4iy ^ ^M 
4e order. But Sr John Harnrd, m ^j ^/^^ w* w'**- 




BOOK taken, when they write, that the George and Gkurter were 
^^' forthwith bestowed upon the Earl of Warwick, that Duke^i 

Anno 155S. eldest son; when indeed it was not bestowed upon the son 
of the said Duke, but upon Sir Andrew, his brother, as iras 
shewn before. ' « 

Sir John Sir John Williams, who was master of the jewel-hom^ 
„„^^rof and now discharged in May, gave up his accounts, andimi 
the jewels, cleared of the sum of 16,667Z. This gentleman was unda 
Queen Mary created Lord Williams of Thame, and made 
lord chamberlain of the household to King Philip. 
A letter to Had not the King died so soon, the moderate, learned, and 
thon. ^i*^^ Melancthon would have come into England, and bees 
placed in the University of Cambridge. For in this montb 
of May, a letter in Latin was sent to him from the Eli^ 
fflgnifying, that the King had elected him to supply tM 
place which Martin Bucer, deceased, had in that Univer* 
sity. And June 6 following, a warrant was issued to the 
Treasurer of the Augmentations, to deliver to the Arcb- 
402 bishop of Canterbury 502. to be sent over the seas by him, 
for the expences of the same learned man coming to the^ 
King^s presence. 
The a^^^n- jn this month of May did the King grant letters of oom- 
Dorth-east mendation, or safe conduct, for the three ships that were 
P*"*^** enterprising that noble adventure of seeking for a passage' 
into the eastern parts of the world through the unknown' 
and dangerous seas of the north. Of this expedition Sebas> 
tian Gabato, an excellent mariner of Bristow, but of Italian' 
parentage, was a great mover, to whom the King, as a giUr 
' tuity, had given 200Z. For this voyage, in February last, 
the King^ lent two ships, the Primrose, and the MocHi, a 
pinnace, to Bams, lord mayor of London, Garret, one of 
the sheriffs, York and Windham, adventurers, binding 
themselves to deliver to the King two ships of the like bur- 
den and good condition, in Midsummer, anno 1554. Sir 
Hugh WiUoughby, a brave knight, was the chief captain 
in this enterprise : to whom the King granted a passport to 
go beyond the seas, with four servants, 40Z. in money, his 
chain, &c. The letters of safe conduct were wrote in Latin, 


to aU kings, princes, and other states, being three m num. CHAP. 
ber, for each ship one : and three others of the same e£Pect 

irere.writ in Hebrew, and three others in the ChaldeeAonoiss*. 
tongue ; to suit with the language of the eastern countries, 
rhen they should arrive in those parts of the world. But 
the voyage proved unfortunate, by reason of the ice and 
storms in the north parts ; though so much was gained, to 
iie great advantage of the nation, that by it the country of 
S^ussia was better known, and a trade with it then first dis- 

In this month of May did Holgate, archbishop of York, Arehbiihop 
he only wealthy bishop then in England, bestow somepurchateUi 
lart of his wealth very commendably , for the benefit of his ^^^^J- 
iiocessors in that see. For he made purchase from the King 
f the sdte, circuit, and precincts, capital messuage and 
lanfflon, lordship and manor of Scroby in Scroby, with the 
ppurtenances, in the county of Nottingham, lately parcel 
f the possesfidons of the Archbishop of York : which pre- 
lises were extended to the yearly value of &il. 8s. B^d. 
hove all reprises and allocations. To have the premises to 
be Archbishop and Barbara his wife, during the life of the 
^jchbiabop and of Barbara, and either of them, living 
ongest, with impetition of waste during the life of the said 
^jchbishop; and after the departure of the Archbishop 
ind his wife, then to his successors. Archbishops of York, 
br ever. To hold of the King, and his successors, in free 
xxscage ; which was purchased by him for the sum of 6801. 
Is. 6d. May 27. 

Mr. Sheres was in this foresaid month of May sent am- AmbaMa* 
bassador to the King of the Romans ; and to Maximilian ^jZi^^ 
Kng of Boeme; and about the same time, Florentius de 
Diaceto to the King of Denmark. 



— — CHAP. XX. 

^ ' A design to enter into league with the Protestant prinm* 
The present condition of the Emperor. The embasiy to 
him from Engla/nd. Letters from the English ambaail^ 
dors J concerning the affairs of the Low Countries. 

JDUT now to turn ourselves to the King^s concerns ifA 

his two neighbour princes. 
Ambassa- This year England had Sir Thomas Chamberlain amfail- 
dors abroad. ^^ ^^^ ^^ Regent, the Bishop of Norwich, Sir Richari 

Morison, and Sir Philip Hoby, ambassadors with the £1% 
peror : who laboured the confirming of the amity with Efl|^ 
land, and did sincerely favour him against the Frencki 
though more privily, because of the peace with Fmei: 
where our ambassadors were. Dr. Wotton, Sir WillilB 
Pickering, and Sir Thomas Cfialoner : whose office wa% W 
mediate a peace between that King and the Emperor. Nov 
because we have no history extant, as I know of, that giWi 
any sufficient account of these concertations, but are v«9 
dcdSective, nay, say nothing at all thereof, therefoire I ^ 
by the help of the letters of these ambassadors, and of thi 
Council to them, declare this at some mate length. j[ 

A design to It must be known, that a great intrigue now driving iH 
iM^e with^ by these ambassadors with the Emperor was, to c^n a cImI 
the Pro. to Strike a league with the Protestant jmnces c^ G^rmany^ 
princes. ^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ discretion of the amba8sad(»*s> to talp 
their opportunity to move the matter. They sent letlepi 
Apail 28, to the Council, b^ng an answer to letters that luiJ 
been belbre sent from the Council to tbem : ther^ thil 
dgnifiedy that as yet there bad been no good (^[^xirtun^ II 
utter, especially in those parts, any {»eee of the mattef 4 
the Council'^s letters, until more time and further intdE 
gence might give light for the manner and order of exkttf 
By the next letters of the Lords, wrote May 5, they of 
dered the ambassadors to forbear to say or do any tha) 
therein; that is, for entry of any practices touching th 
league, whereof they wrote before. Yet it was their will 


that the said ambaasadors should devise, both with Mr. chap. 
Mount, the English agent at Strasburgb, at his coming to _ 

them, and by all other ways, to understand as much as they Anno ims. 
might, in all things mentioned in their former letters ; and 
especially to oonsid^ this one point, mj^. with what princes 
of Germany, in what d^rees, and after what sort, it were 
best to enter 9Qd break first, when the King, upon further 
intelligenoe and ocoaedon, should think good to proceed fur- 
ther in this matter. And in these pmnts they desired to 
understand the ambassadors opinions, who ,had all three 
great and long experience of those princes, and had been, 
privy, as they thought, with what commissions, and under 
what sort, the covenants had passed heretofore with the 
princes of Grermany, both in the league for the defence of 
the Low Countries^ and in some other like conidderations 
made in those parties in times past. 

The Emperor still remained very sickly, and in more like- 404 
Hhood to die than to live. In case of whose mortality and lostruc- 
departure, the Council instructed the ambassadors, diat itctmoi the 
was the King^s pleasure, that they should use such words of J"P*"*'** 
lamentation as might seem meet ; and to declare to the Re- 
gent, that considering, that by the said Emperor^s death tl^ 
^id of thdr embassy was ^ come, and their commission ex- 
pired, he, the Bishop of Norwich, and he. Sir Richard Mop- 
lison, wore minded to take their leaves, and to make thdbr 
returns to the King^s presence ; and he, Sir Philip Hoby, 
according to his Majesty'^s letters, of late written to the Re- 
g^t for thiM^ purpose, did mind to make his abode and con- 
tinuance in those parts, to attend upon her the said Regent, 
according to the charge committed unto. him. 

The Emperor^s party were, this April and May, besieging The Em- 
Therwin, but with no great hope of success ; any more than JJ^^^eg^Tier. 
there was in the latter end of the last year, when the Em- win. 
peror besi^ed Metz, and was forced to raise the siege. He 
was now greatly distressed for money: for his subjects of 
the Low Countries dunk back, and made terms, in case a 
tax were levied upcm them ; and the bankers refused to lend 
any more For, as Chamberlain wrote to th^ Lords, that 
tor the last demand from Holland, the people stood with the 


BOOK President there rending, dealing, tliat if they should yieli 
thereunto, they might be unburdened of an impost of UA 
Anno i56s.upon the hundred, put upon them for all fish and merchaii- 
dise, since the beginning of these wars, towards the fumisii- 
ing of a navy of ships, which, they were made beheve, the 
Emperor would find upon the same, for a sure convoy d 
their merchants'* ships between this and Spain, from time to 
time. And instead of such a navy, they were compelled to 
double man their own ships, and double furnish the same 
with ordnance, at their own cost, and not to depart till thirtj 
or forty ships were ready together : and yet was the im- 
post, neverAeless, gathered of them. So that they standiog 
hereupon, the President wrote to the Regent, that he ooaU 
not induce them to condescend, otherwise than with promifle 
to take away the said impost. Finally, it was known that 
the Regent wrote to the President, that if he could do no 
better, he should promise as much as they asked ; wbidi 
should be performed as other the like had been. 
The people The people did murmur, and thought that money already 
CountrieT pven illy bestowed ; and had no better hope of the enter- 
marmar. prise upon Therwin, than they had of Metz. When they 
were required for this last grant, one of the presidents, tfp 
allure them to condescend, was commanded to shew unt9 
divers, certain accounts of the charges of the last year; 
that it might appear how much the last did amount unto, 
and yet was not enough by a great deal, and that Cesar 
should yet be in debt unto divers persons, five or six mil' 
lions. It was reported, that among the rest, one gentleman 
of Holland said merrily to the President, " What shall it 
^^ boot me to see the accounts, seeing I do know, that il 
^^ there be not enough, more will be asked ; and bdbg tOG 
" much, none shall be restored ?^ 
Money rery The nobles, the abbots, and others of the clergy, di^ 
be nused. ^^ ^^^ ynski the commons, devising upon the easy levying 
of this last grant in Brabant ; which they could not lev] 
upon meat and drink, as they were wont, there beil^ 
already so many new imposts and gabels, beside the <»r£ 
nary excise, as the poor commons were not able, and won 
405 willing, to bear it ; so that as yet they could not agree ; an^ 


uie money was unready when Cesar had present need CHAP, 
thereof. , 

The Fnggars, and other merchants in Antwerpj-would*"""*'*"' 
Jend no more upon interest, until the old were piud; which ^.h^u'l,' 
-some mean merchants did exclium for, heing not able other-^°*™^ 
wise to pay their debts : but naught could they get, and yetieod uif 
still more was craved of them. The Fuggars would lend no '°°"" 
more at interest, but by exchange; whereby they meant, 
both to make more gain, and also to stand in more surety of 
thnr payment. For that delivering money here by ex- 
change, they would drive the Prince to seek, out another 
merchant, that might promise them payment in Spiun or 
Italy : and so thought themselves better able to obtain the 
payment of others, merchants, as they themselves were, than 
there of Cesar's receivers ; whose bills, and none other, they 
Trere wtmt to have for thdr money. 

The people found themselves shrewdly wronged : forThe people 
"rfiere the last year they disbursed their ready money to re-^o^"* 
rare yearly rents upon the demeans of these countries, "™"8«l- 
*^en the year came, that they looked for payment, they 
tre half p^d, and forced to tarry until the end of the se- 
•rod year : and then they looked for as little, by reason all 
iIk demeans, and other things there, were set to pledge, and 
iIk money faster spent than it was gathered. 

The cause of this scarceness of money did proceed from The c&uw 
lie great mbtrust that now went of the merehants' weak- .onrMneii 
■•», stepping duly aside : so that the gendemen, burgesses, "^ nioMy. 
*idoffs, and others of those countries, that were wont to 
pot fbrth such money in banks, as they did spare to spend 
of thrir yearly revenues and other gains, did now think 
better to keep it in coffers, without gtuns, than to put it in 
bucksters* hands, and lose the principal.. 

The Fmperor's own condition was now, in April, such, The B 
that he kept himself close, and gave no audience to ( 
ntui, Dorwas seen abroad. The reason whereof was thouf 
to he, that the despite of his ill successes had bred in him • 
mekncholic humour, not much differing from a phrensy : wi 
dut the English ambaBsadon (who came for c 


BOOK of the amity, and to offer a mediation for peace between the 
^^' Emperor and France) remained as yet without access to 
Anno 1562. his presence. Of this want of admission, the said amb^ssa- 
d(»:s informed the Lords ; who authorized them, for lack of 
access to the Emperor^s own person, to declare imto tk 
Regent, his sister, the effect of their ambassage. Where- 
upon they agreed, that Sir Richard Morison should repair 
to Monsieur de Arras, to have audience spoken for accord- 
ingly. The said Arras said, he would declare it to the Em- 
peror ; assuring him, that if the Emperor had been in any 
ability to have given them audience himself, they had not 
been thus long delayed. And because they should not 
think the time long, he therefore sent his secretary B. unU> 
them, to pray them to resort unto the Regent : which. Arras 
said, proceeded only of the Emperor^s debility ; for had he 
been in case able to have ^ven them audience, they should 
most thankfully have been received by him. After this, 
D^Arras sent the secretary unto them, to tell them, he de- 
clared this matter to the Emperor, who took it in very good 
part, and was determined nevertheless, within two or three 
days, to ^ve them audience himself, if he were able. It was 
406 May 7, in the moriiing, when two of the Emperor'^s Coun- 
cil came to them, telling them, that the Queen was ready to 
give them audience : with whom they repaired unto her pre- 
sence, and there declared the effect of their message, accord- 
ing to their instructions; and withal delivered unto her, 
first her own letters, and afterwards the Emperor's letters; 
praying her, that like as she had always shewed herself an 
augmenter of amity between the King's Majesty and her 
brother the Emperor, so she would now do what good in her 
lay, to the furtherance of the King's Majesty's godly intent 
and purpose, as well to the honour of both Princes,, as to the 
profit of the universal state of Christendom. Whereunto 
she made as gracious and loving answers as might be de- 
sired ; promising continuance of her good-will towards that 
amity, which she knew the Emperor tendered much ; and 
that for the rest, she would declare it to the Emperor, and 
let them know his mind therein, as shortly as might be, not 


doubting but that they should be answered to their con- CHAP. 
lentatioQ. ■^^' 

After havmg paused a little, they further declared unto ^unp i5£^s. 
her, that lake as the King^s Majesty had sent them thither 
unto the Emperor for that good intent, even so had the 
Sang sent the like ambassadors to the French King, with 
commandment to do their best : and as matters might grow 
to any good purpose, so to advertise them [the ambassadors 
with the Emperor] of it; offering themselves to employ 
theiip Utmost difigence to do good in this behalf: which the 
](egent accepted most thankfully. 

After this audience with the said Queen, (which was at Talk be- 
Srussels,) on May 10, Mons. d' Arras came to the ambas-JJU^^ 
Sf^dors^ lodgings tp visit them ; and after much courtesy and &°d the 
gentle words, they fell in talk of the state of their anny at ^on. 
Therwin, and out of that, into a discourse of the peace : 
wherein DlAxras said, that the Queen deferred their answe;^' 
(Hdy, for that the Emperor was desirous to make them an- 
swer himself. And further, said he, ^^ Whereas you re- 
<< quire to understand the occasions of these wars, th^ 
^^ Emperor knoweth none other cause, but the French 
^^ King^s ambition : who hath taken the Emperor'^s ships at 
" Barcelona, spoUed his merchants upon those seas, stirred 
^^his subjects against (he Emperor, and taken towps be- 
^^ longing to the empire : which was both begun and done, 
^^ when his i^mbassador did affirm and syt^ear, that his master 
^^ the French King meant nothing but good peace.*^ Then 
speaking of the high and unreasonable demands the French 
intended to make, in order to peace, he added, that these 
w^re rather the means to irritate them that were alre^y 
prickecl; and that the mediators should do tlieir best to 
stay diose demands. '^ Nay,^ said Sir Richard Morison, 
^^ it noay be, for saving their honour in speaking firsts they 
^^ will demand unreasonable things, and nevertheless, in the 
^^ end be contented with reason : for if the French b^ will- 
^^ ing to have peace, they will speak, and yet, peradvei^tlire, 
^^ their ;speech shall be high.^^ ^^ The Frenph willing to 
^ have peace ?^ »aid D' Arras. ^^ Yes^^ I wiss,^ ntiA he» 



BOOK "I know they have sought peace of us by several way 
" and have propounded certain particular demands for tl 


Anno i65«." same. Howbeit,"^ said he, " the French 'trust not yoi 

" because they know you be our friends : and therefore, 

" you should tell them this, they would deny it. Neverth 

" less," as he proceeded, " since all the world knoweth tl 

" beginning of these wars, and the French King^s doin^ 

407 " the Emperor needeth not to utter them. Which things 

said he, " the French King ought to be put in remei 

" brance of by them that be mediators ; that the Fren< 

" King might be thereby moved to make such offers as a 

" reasonable. And when that shall be offered, the wor 

*^ shall well know the Emperor to be affected to such a re 

sonable peace, as may serve to avoid the occasion of m 

wars, and be for the quiet of all Christendom.'^ 

This was the sum of the talk that passed between An 

The »ute and the ambassadors. Touching the estate of the Empero 

peror*s per- pcrson, the ambassadors sent word to the Lords of the Cou 

•<>"• cil, that they could by no means learn assuredly how it w 

with him : for it was kept so, that there was no man cat 

abroad that was able directly to say, the Emperor is in tl 

or that case. 

As for the state and government of the Low Countri< 
after the Emperor's death, which the Lords willed the ai 
bassadors to understand, they caused Chamberlain, one 
them, to make as diligent search as he could : whose d 
course they sent to the said Lords, together with the adv< 
tisements out of Italy. 
And of his The Said discourse was to this tenor : " That he h 
after his * ^^ learned, that the government of those countries belong 
decease. it q{ right to the Emperor's son, after his decease, althou, 
the people did bear him small affection; so that it ¥ 
thought, that if Maximilian would make any offer of hi 
*^ self, when such opportunity should serve, that he mig 
be the rather and willinger received before the other, 
was also thought, that then Ferdinando might make qu 
tion for the portion of his father's goods; wherein 
" would say, he Was not indifferently dealt with, allegi 



** the partage or repartition to be wrong made : whereof his CHAP. 

** brother had promised him recompence, as yet unper» 

'^ formed. For Spain, it was thought, that if the mother Anno 1552. 

** should outlive Cesar, that Ferdinando should be nearer 

** than Philip, by the laws of that country. Although some 

'* said, that Cesar, to make that sure, had gotten his mother 

'* to grant beforehand unto the inheriting of his son her 

'* nephew : which, for all that, was counted of no more 

'* value than the act of a madman. That country would 

" by no means have the Spaniard to govern or bear rule 

" over them ; which they fear to have, if Cesar'*s son be 

"their head. They thought that rather, by accepting of 

" Maximilian, they should not only be quit of Spaniards to 

" rule them, and bear stroke in those parts, but also they 

" should, by such means, unite themselves faster with the 

" Germans, who did bear him good-will : and so be out of 

" fear of the Germans^ revenge upon that country ; for that 

" they conceived, that Cesar could never have done to them 

" that he had, without the assistance of those Low Coun- 

" tries with their money.*" 

As to the Regent, thus he discoursed : " That if Cesar The Regent 

"should take his leave [of the world] or ever his son 

"[Philip] did arrive, he did not learn, that the Regent 

"were like to sit long in governance, the people did so 

" much mislike her former proceedings divers ways. For 

" whereas in times past, the use had been at all times, when 

" any loan or tax should be demanded of those countries, 

" for to call together all the states thereof, parliament-wise, 

" and openly to propound the demand, with all gentleness 

"and loving exhortations, the Regent had taken an use for 

" to call but the deputies of Bruges for Flanders, and the 

" like of Antwerp for Brabant, stoutly willing them to con- 408 

" descend unto such sums as she had demanded : which, if 

" they had sought to qualify, making any good demonstra- 

" tions of the weakness of the conmions, she would bid 

"them leave their merchandises or bargaining with her, 

" saying, that Cesar must and will have Ur These, and 



BOOK Other things, did Morison write to the Lords, concerning 
^^' the posture of things there. 

Anno 1552. By letters from the Council, dated May 34, it appeared 
The em- ^ |jg ^jj^jj. intent, to take the occasion that the time mi- 

bassy to , 

the Em- lustered, as w^U for the proceedings with the Emperor, as 
join with *^ ^^ ^^^ matters of Almaine, to join the King's Majesty 
the ]Em- both with the Emperor, and tJso '^ith other princes of Ger- 
thrGcraian"^*"^yj ^^ * straitcT amity: and that Sir Richard Morison 
princes, gjiould Open unto his colleagues the particularities of those 
things tfiat he had knowledge of. Accordingly they con- 
ferred together, and perused such articles of discourse as the 
said Sir Richard had delivered in writing to them. The 
copies whereof were sent to the Lords, to the intent that 
they might the better consider the same ; with which also 
went the ambassadors' letters. Wherein they wrote, *^ that 
according to their Lordships' device, they thought that 
such a league and amity would serve to very good pur- 
^* pose, as well for the King's Majesty, as for the defence of 
** those Low Countries. .But how this communication might 
" be entered into, they were in doubt ; because the Em- 
^* peror's i^ckness seemed to be such, that it was thought he 
** would not ^ve audience himself, but refer this, as he did 
" other things, to the Queen : so that of likelihood Mons. 
^* D' Arras, and others, should be made privy to it. And 
^^ because the matter required so great secrecy, they mis- 
*^ trusted it could not be kept so secret, when it was opened 
" to the Queen, and by her to others. Hiis made them 
" doubt how it might be broken, unless they had audience 
of the Empei*(^ himself. If the Emperor grew better, and 
were able to give them audience, and should like this 
^* league, as in rea^n he ought, the ambassadors signified 
" to the Lords, that they thought it good to be followed 
" with the princes of Germany, after such order as in the 
" articles of discoiu'se was contained, or otherwise, as shotdd 
seem best to the Lords : which might also be the occa^on 
16 bring those unto accord, that then by their strife trou- 
" bled all Germany, But in case^ as the ambassadors fur- 



"ther shewed their minds, the Emperor should not like CHAP. 
" this confederation, as princes' hearts be unknown ; then, ' 

" after the opening of the matter unto him, they thought it Anno 1559. 

i: " a matter to be feared, that he would practise to disappoint 
" the King for making any league at all with the Germans. 
" Wherefore they thought, that this matter was so to be 

I " moved to the Emperor, as he might not know the King's 
" full mind herein, until the Emperor's own inclination therer 
" unto were first felt. They added, that after they should 
" have spoken with Mr. Mount, (the agent employed with 
*' the German princes,) they should be more able to say fur- 
" ther herein, and would thereof advertise their Lordships.*" 
Here follow the articles of discourse mentioned above : 

It shaU be thought goody that the King's Majesty should 40Q 
enter into a straiter amity with the Emperor, Jointly 
with the other princes of Germany. 

1. First, Whether the Emperor can be contented, that 
a foreign prince should join in league, having heretofore 
shewed himself averse to suffer the like. 

2. Also, whether he could be contented, tl^at the King's 
Majesty, our master, should be in confederation with the 
Germans : because he may fear, that their reli^on, which 
he misliketh, might by these means the better be established, 
and the harder to be altered by him. 

8. And whereas the empire, by the league that the Em- 
peror already hath with them, is bound to defend these 
Low Countries ; and he bound again, in all contributions, 
to pay but as much as two electors, with many other ad- 
vantages on his part ; whether now he can be contented to 
enter into communication of a new league, which may hap- 
pen not to prove so beneficial for him, as the present league 
he now hath. 

4. Whether the Germans could be contented to embrace 
such a league, because that, as it is supposed, they which 
neither love nor trust the Emperor would be loath to join in 
league with him, that hath heretofore wrested them unto 
covenants not indifferent. And as it may be, that by their 

G 4 


BOOK good-wills they would not observe this present league, so 
they may be much less willing to enter into any new league 

AoDo 1659. with him. 

5. Whether the league should be made with the ptincefi, 
without the Emperor. 

6. Whether the discord which is among the princes 
should hinder the Eing'^s Majesty'^s purpose herein : for hav- 
ing John Frederic, he should want Duke Maurice and the 
Landgrave, like as, having them, he may want the other. 

7. Whereas a diet is appointed to be at Frankford, for 
the appeasing of these disorders, if the princes that vary 
shall be there personally, whether it were good that the 
King'^s Majesty should send a person thither, to move the 
said princes unto accord. 

8. Whether it were convenient to let the Emperor under- 
stand the King^s Majesty^s intent here, before he shoidd so 
send, lest the Emperor might mistrust some other practices, 
or else might find himself aggrieved, that another prince 
should meddle with the pacifying of the estates of Germany, 
he being Emperor, to whose office the order of those matters 

9. When these princes should be satisfied, they being of 
two sorts, as they call them, Protestants and Papists, whe- 
ther both sorts can be contented to enter into this league 
or not. 

10. Whether the league should be made with part of the 
princes, unless they were such as were strong enough to 
weigh the rest. For otherwise, it is doubted, the King's 
Majesty may be put to more charges with the defence of 
them, than he shall receive commodity by that league. 

410 These articles the King's ambassadors seriously debated 
among themselves, and at last came to certain resolutions, 
which they also sent to the Lords under this title : 

Our opinions^ agreed upon in debating the doubts mentioned 
. in the said articles ^ to every article particuiarly. 

1. The Emperor heretofore hath not liked the practice of 
any foreign prince with the Germans, as well for that somc^ 


of those practices were meant against him, as he took the CHAP, 
league of Smalcald to be ; as also because they might be ^^' 

a hinderance to his chief purpose; which, as divers have Anno i65<. 
thought, was to have made himself absolute lord of the 
whole. But now that he seeth his purpose therein cannot 
take place, by reason as well of his own age as infirmities, as 
also by the experience of his enemies^ force, we see not in 
reason, why he should be loath to have other foreign princes 
jcnned in league with him and the empire, for the more 
strait [security] and safeguard of his own countries. 

S. When the Emperor shall perceive, that the intent of 
this league tendeth only to the defence and preservation of 
his friends^ countries and his own, whereby Christendom 
may be the better preserved from the Turkish invasions, 
and the French also have the more cause to be in quiet, 
(without which league, neither his own countries nor Ger- 
many can be without danger, if God should call him away,) 
we think reason would, that, leaving the controversy of re- 
ligion, he should be content to join with all manner of 
friends. As the Switsers, who being diverse in religion, are 
nevertheless whole in league, for their own defence. And 
athence he hath suffered Duke John Frederic, the Duke 
also of Wirtemberg, and others, also to continue in their 
religion, it is to be supposed, that for religion only he will 
not refuse so necessary a league as this. 

8. If this league, that the Emperor now hath with the 

Germans, as it is beneficial for the Emperor, be thought 

prejudicial unto the Germans, and so taken as unequal, 

especially for two causes ; one, that the Low Countries, 

bdng much subject unto wars, shall put the Germans very 

often to travail and charges, in the contributions, whereof the 

Emperor^s charge is very little, all things considered ; and the 

other, that whereas upon occasions the princes of Germany 

We sought order at the Emperor^s hands, for the correction 

of those his officers of the Low Countries, which violently have 

broken the peace against them, that forasmuch as by the 

common law no man ought to be judge in his own case, it 

nn^t therefore please his Majesty, those cares might be 

determined either jp^r earner am imperiaJemj or by indifferent 


BOOK a]4)iters; they have been answered, that their oountriei 
. should not be sued in the chamber 6f the empire, for nb 

Anno 166S. manner of cause, but only for not contributing such mengr 
as by the covenants they are bound. So that they thmk 
the covenants not equal ; as it may appear in the wiitii^ 
exhibited by the Germans, in the diet of Augusta. Wherfr- 
for6 if the Germans, misliking this inequality of covenants^ 
to the which they consented as it were by ccmipulsion, wticn 
die Emperor was at the greatest, should now have a dispo- 
i^tion not to perform this league, when their time dbouM so 
411 serve them, we think reason would, the Emperor, consider- 
ing the inequality of these covenants, dbould be contented 
to have them brought unto that equality, that they might 
have just cause to observe them : and so to stand him in 
stead, where now it is possible the present league ^hall stand 
him in none. 

4. The causes why it is thought the Germans neither 
love nor trust the Emperor, are, that the one side perceived 
that he went about to alter their religion ; and both parts 
mistrusted he meant of Germany to make a kingdom: which 
they may so long fear, as he [shuffleth in] his leagues wiiii 
them. Wherefore, when they shall see a King of England 
the third in the league, one like to stand by them, as well 
in religion as in maintenance of their liberties, they cannot 
in reason but rejoice at it : like as the Emperor himself, who 
hath now, as it is thought, changed his purpose, neither 
seeking dominion over them, alteration of religion, nor pro- 
motion of his son to the coadjutorship, should be glad to 
have such an one joined with him, as may both rid the 
Germans of suspicion, and also be a continual stay for his 

6. We think it not good for the King's Majesty to eater 
into any league, unless this Emperor, or his successor Fer- 
dinand, be one of the confederacy. For like as the charges 
otherwise will be great, and the commodity small, so we 
reckon little surety to be had of the members without the 

6. We think, that there be few better means to end the 
discords and variances at Germany, than the travailing 


ibout this league. For if the King our master, and the CHAP. 
Emperor, do enter with the one party, it is like enough the ^^' 
other will make means not to be left out. For neither Anno 1559. 
Fredmc would suffer Maurice to be in, and himself out, 
nor yet Maurice nor the Landgrave remain excluded, if 
tolerable conditions be offered : as it is like enough there 
shaH be, when men not partial shall be judges thereof, and 
Dot themselves. 

7. The Germans sending heretofore of their ambassadors 
into England, to move peace between the King^s Majesty 
deceased and France, may now serve as a good occasdon 
for the King^s Highness to render unto them the like gra- 
tuity. And as this may be a good beginning to the rest, 
80 they conceiving in us a certain love and affection towards 
their nation, may, upon friendly motion of this amity, think 
08 fit to be desired and sued unto, to join in this league 
with them. 

8. We think it good, for avcnding of all doubts, if the 
King^s Majesty shall send any man to Frankford to move 
the princes to a peace, that the Emperor be first made privy, 
both that his Majesty mindeth to send, and for what pur- 
pose he sendeth. And forasmuch as the Emperor, and 
Eng of the Romans, and others, have much travailed to 
see a concord among the Germans, and as hitherto have not 
brought it to pass, the thing being so godly, and so to the 
Emperor^s benefit as it is, we reckon he must not only take 
it well, but also yield his thanks unto the King's Majesty, 
who offereth as well to help peace forward in Germany, as 
be mindeth it between his Majesty and France. 

9. In our opinion, the guerre in relipon will rather fur- 
ther this matter than hinder it : for while these two are thus 
£vided, they be both so afraid to take harm as they are, 
and like to refuse safety, if any man would make them offer 
thereof. The Protestants be not so much the stronger, but 
they may be afraid of practices, the Emperor being on the4li| 
other side. And the Papists, being every day spoiled, and 
afraid of worse, whensoever the Emperor shdl go his wsy* 
Would be gladder than the Protestants, that sudi order 


BOOK taken, as they neither might fear stirs, nor also fear toloft 
that they have. This is answered in the fifth. 

Anno 1564. 10. For the moving of the matter, we do think Jolm - 
Frederic the fittest man to hear of it first : for as he camifll ' 
but like it, so he is better able to devise which ways it hm^ 
be furthered than we can. He hath a man called Fredeii^ ' 
as fit a man as any is to handle this matter. His masta 
and he might perhaps bring it to pass, that the Germans 
might seek this league at the King'^s Majesty^s hand : indndi 
were greatly to the King'^s honour : and they might ako 
intreat the King of Romans unto it. And in case ttie 
Emperor be either dead, as some think he is, or not fit to 
be practised withal, then we might think Ferdinando might 
so be moved by the said Frederic, and others, to this mattar, 
as he should by himself, or by his friends, either seek this 
league at the King^s Majesty^s hands, or be cont^ited if any 
overture were made thereof. For Ferdinando shall want 
these estates, that wealth and riches that the Emperor now 
hath, and therefore more need foreign friendship than the 
Emperor doth. 

And if the King of Romans, being spoke unto by Fr©. 
deric, would think it his part to advertise the Emperar 
hereof, and so should communicate the matter unto him, 
the Emperor should yet but know what the Germans de- 
sire. And Frederic might say, the King's motion of him 
and others to peace made him to devise how he, and the 
rest of Germany, might declare themselves worthy this his 

It is Uke, that Ferdinando, understanding his brother's 
estate, will practise what he can, and where he may, to get 
him all the friendship that is to be gotten. And here it is 
to be feared, lest, if neither we speak for ourselves, nor ncHie 
other for us, that he, in this time of practice, may speed 
himself of such friendship, as he shall think our amity here- 
after little needful. He is already allied, by marriage ol 
his daughters, with the Dukes of Bavaire and of Clevea. 
And now there is a marriage concluded between the King 
of Pole and his daughter the Duchess of Mantua. He is 


oteemed a Prince of a rig^t and good nature, true of his CHAP, 
■ord, much careful of his honour : and therefore is beloved _ 

of Protestants and Fafnsts. He travailed very much with Anno issa, 
Ibe Emperor at Villache, that the articles of reli^on might 
pBB as the Protestants did desire : and therefcwe will not, 
u ve think, much s6ck to enter into any amity with Eng- 
Ind, notwithstanding our reU^on. 

And these were the matters the EXng's ambaBsadors were 
doDg in G^many, and the advices they gave : which the 
Lords of the Coundl did so approve, that they seemed 
. ipeedHy to resolve upon those measures. 

CHAP. XXI. 413 

lie King's ambassadors in France, and to King Ferdi- 
nand, and to the Emperor. Their access to his presence. 
Instructions sent themjbr their proceedings. 

' ' In the mean time, the English ambassadors, commis^onersTbe 

fix the mediation in France, Wotton, Pickering, and Cha-J^'"'''' 
' liiKr,by a letter writ May 1, gave some account of the de- 
: mmds of the French ; which were extravagant For having 
( conference with the French King and his council, they 
I fixind these men loath to seem to make any first offer, before 
r ibrf heard how the other part, viz. the Emperor, was dis- 
I posed for a peace. Hence th^ demands at first were, the 
I duchy of Milan, the county of Ast, the realms of Naples 
'. uA Sicily, and Arragon, the superiority of Flanders and 
rfArtras, the town of Tourney, with the county of Tour- 
neoes ; the kingdom of Navar to be restored to the rightful 
king ; and Siena they were content should be set at liberty, 
ti before, free from the subjection of the one and the other. 
As fw Metz, Tul, and Verdune, they challenged nothing 
bat the guard and [H'otecUon thereof. These demands a 
oSas the ambassadors sent to the Lords of the Count 
be Anther used, as thrar wisdoms should think mee 
iheir instnictuMis. But these oikn for eui ii 


BOOK the peace wei^e of such a nature, that the ambassadors wkl^ 
^^' the Emperor forbpre to open them to that court: for ibiBf 
Anno 1669. supposed them to be such, as would marvellously hiqdcs 
that matter, rather than do any good ^t all, as they wrote 
to the Lords, and as we shall hear more by and by. 
Instructions Sheres, as was said before, was despatched amba8sad(xp to 
^^JT' the King of the Romans and his son, wi* instructions t^ 
to Ferdi- ing, as it seems, to make way thereby for a fast frienddup 
with the princes of Germany, and to induce the Empenpr 
thereto. These instruc^ons (which were the same in e&l 
with the schedule in the chapter before, sent the Council bf 
the ambassadors in the Emperor'^s court) were by the Coun- 
cil communicated to the said ambassadors. Wherein thej, 
in their letters, June 4, gave their opinions, that the Lords 
had taken the best way possible to be devised ; and chosen 
the very time that best ser^^ed to the beginning of that 
matter, and, as they verily trusted, there should good suc- 
cess follow thereof. 
The am- The Emperor still continued indisposed, sp that no access 
could yet ^ the Bnglish ambassi^ors could be permitted to him. lie 
have no King thought long of their abode there, without any entij 
reason of hitherto into the matter they came for, being now the he- 
the Em- ^nnupg of Jime : and willed them therefore to use the best 
sickness, meains they coul4 conveniently, to obtain the Emper(»r^s 
answer. On the other hand, the ambassadors assured the 
Lords^ that it had grieved, ^nd did grieve them not alittk^ 
414 to think how long this delay had lasted, and how impossible 
it was for them to do inore than they had done. For the 
Emperor^s sickness, as they shewed, bein^g such, as no man 
could speak with him, was the continual excuse made by 
that court to the ambassadors for their delay. So that a$ 
fast as they pressed them for answer, they as fast again did 
entreat them of a litde patience, bearing them still in hand, 
that the Emperor himself would needs answer them. Yet 
should the Emperor^s Council have given in their answei 
now, the ambassadors said, they could in a numner ccm- 
jecture what it should be. For they looked to have some 
overtures out of France, through their [the ambassadors^] 


haods^ 8iidi as might be an entry to persuade them, that it CHAP, 
vas like the French King would come to some reason. ^^' 

Whereas those offers above-mentioned, that they had re-Aimoi6$«. 
cehred £rom the Sng'^s ambassadors there, were demands, French's 
and not such as they thought meet for them to open in par- insolent 
ticularides, without special commandment from the King^s obstruct 
CeundL Lest that they of the Emperor's Council there, ^^«^"*^**"^ 
leeeiving at tke ambassadors' hands such unreasonable de- 
prnds, instead of c^ers, ai^d thinking them allowed by the 
Lends of the King's Council, and so set forth by them [the 
. ambassadors] by order from the said Lords, might take it 
r unkindly, and all^e, that the King's Majesty tendered not 
I die Emperor's honour in this, so much as by their message 
' it was pretended : and thereupon the Emperor's Council 
Bttk^ answer to them [the ambassadors] contrary to the 
JEing's Majesty's expectaticm. 

. The ambassadors added, that they remembered, that be- 
; &re their coming forth, their Lordships would not suffer 
^ the like matter to be put into the instructions, having con- 
adoed as mudi as that came to, upon Pickering's adver- 
tttem^its of the French's like demands. 

The Council had urged the ambassadors to press for an The ambas- 
angwer from the Emperor, upon this reason, because th^J^^JSo'^ 
aiQbassadors in France did expect to hear from the Empe-^^c°^ ^tbe 
tahi court, pow since the French King had onc^ spoken. 
Upon which the said ambassadors with the Emperor wrote 
to the ^([ing's Council, tha,t they could not see what they ^ 
mi^t do more, considering that this the French King's 
peaking was, as they said, no speaking at all. For that as 
yet it had not been uttered unto the Emperor ; and that, 
in tfa^ opinion, it should rather hinder the matter than 
otherwise, if those demands should be uttered. They pro- 
ceeded, that it might appear by former letters, wrote May 13, 
lent to their Lordships, wherein was contained their com- 
munication with Mons. D' Arras : unto whom they did then 
indirectly, by circumstances, open a likelihood of the French's 
ofere, as things grounded for honour, to the beginn'mg of a 
talk, and nothing meant; yet they could not perceive any 


BOOK disposition in him to hear unreasonable matters moved: 
whereby, they said, they had the more cause to oonjecture^ 

Anno 165S. that of unreasonable demands, like answer might folknr. 
The conclusion was, that seeing the Emperor was in that 
case, that it was most uncertain when they should speak with 
him ; yea, and when they should speak with him, that they 
should have no other offers than those to make him ; thej 
therefore humbly besought the Lords to prescribe unto 
them what they should do ; whether they should open to 
the Emperor (or for lack of him to the Queen) these 
French offers as they were, or what they should further do 
4 15 in this behalf. For, said they, without order given us ftwn 
your Lordships, we neither durst nor dare open these 

The Empc- About this time came D' Arras to the ambassadors^ lodg-" 
ings, to pray them of a little more patience, telling them, 
that the gout in the Emperor^s leg had so fairly left him, 
that he thought himself almost well : but it was come intb 
his hand, that he could not yet tend any business. Never- 
theless, he would surely answer them within a while, to thor 
contentation. The ambassadors made him a courteous an- 
swer, wishing the Emperor speedy recovery, that they might 
understand some towardness of the matter they came for. 

Thcambas- The 8th of June was the day the King^s ambassadors 

audience!^* had their long expected audience of the Emperor. The 
manner whereof was as foUoweth : the same day, in the af- 
ternoon, about five of the clock, Mons. de Baldemont and 
Gerard, two of the Emperor'*s Council, fetched them from 
their lod^ng to the Court : where first they had access untc^ 

The Regent the Queen. By whom, after great excuse made of the long 

sneftks to 

'$m. delay of their answer, it was told them, that like as the King 
their master, in travailing on this sort to pacify tbe present 
wars, had not only shewed himself a very sincere fnend unto 
the Emperor, but also a well- wilier of the tranquillity of all 
Christendom, according to the office of a good King : so the 
Emperor, for his part, did not only yield unto his good bro- 
ther his most hearty thanks, but also assured them, thatwhen- 
soever those reasonable conditions were offered, that might 


appear to tend unto a perfect and unfeigned peace, it ^ould CHAP, 
well be known, that the Emperor did presently no less covet 

the quiet of all Christendom, than as a good Christian Prince A°"<> ^ **•• 
should, and as he >had ever coveted and travailed for it. 
And since the cause of these wars was unknown to the Em- 
pennr, being begun of the Prench King in that sort, that all 
the world knew, it was therefore reason that the offers also 
should begin there : or else, said she, let them that had be- 
gun shew what ground they had to be^n it, that it might 
be seen by indifferent men in whom the fault was: and 
then look what might, with the Emperor'^s honour, in reason 
be required ; and it should be seen, whether he meant not 
indeed as she had now said unto them. And herewith she 
left that matter, and told them, that they should immedi- 
atdy speak with the Emperor himself, and ^ould at his 
hiiods perceive, whether this were true or not. 

Wh^^upon she caused them to be led down to the Em- They come 
pow^g chamber. of presence: from whence, after a little^p^^. 
pmiae, they were brought into his privy chamber. There P'*^'***' 
I they found him sitting in a chair, with his feet on a stool, 
\ looking very pale, weak, lean, and feeble ; howbeit, nothing 
r «o ifl as they before believed of him ; for his eyes were lively 
 enough, and his speech sensible : so that the ambassadors 
could not tell what to judge of him ; for he had escaped so 
many perils of sickness, that though his colour and his flesh 
woe gone, yet he might, they said, endure a while : yet, 
to judge him by their «ght, they said, that he appeared to 
tbem a man of short time of continuance. When the am- 
I * bttsadrars came into his presence, and had made their due 
J revarenoe, they gave the King'^s commendations to him, 
A nd in few words touched the King^s Majesty^s affection to 
1 Um, and then the cause wherefore they were sent. Where- 
unto he briefly answered them after this manner: ^^ That 41 6 
" he was sorry for their long delay there ; but his sickness He uifwtrt 
** had been the cause, wherefore he prayed them to bear h. 
'* withal. And for their message, he did especially thank 
J *' the Cng, his good brother, both for his good if actioD, 
^ '* which he always found in him, {md also for his leal u|t|j^ 



BOOK << the concord and peace of all Christendom, giTing him die 
" title of a good and virhiotis King; shewing himself 

Anno 1558. « much pleased, that the King did so earnestly follow this 
^^ good purpose, so friendly by him taken in hand : assuring 
^^ them, that upon ofler of reasonable conditions, his honour 
" being saved, they should well see how he tendered peace. 
** And praying them to make his most hearty commenda- 
** tions again unto the King, his good brother,'' the am- 
bassadors took their leave of him, wishing to his Majesty 
strength and long health. All this the ambassadors certi- 
fied by a letter, dated June % sent by Mr. Thomas, clefk 
of the Council, together with other intelligence, which he 
had in credit from them. 

The Coun- By letters from the Council, dated June 11, the ambas- 

cil*8 clirec~ 

tioos to the sadors, who, as we heard before, desired further directions, 

dore^'to wh^^^^ ^^ w^^^ ^^ King'^s pleasure that they should apesk 
meotioQ either to the Emperor or the Queen those offers which 
demand! ^^^® made by the French King, or not, were told, that it 
might have appeared to them by former letters, that they, 
the Council, thought not fit that the said overtures should 
be opened, neither to the Emperor, nor the Queen, nor any 
other; and that the King was still of the same mind, as 
well for the considerations mentioned in their [the ambas- 
sadors'] letters, as for certain other. And whereas the 
Council had before wrote unto them of the unlikelihood of 
further opening on the French part, for such causes as were 
in their letter contained ; their meaning, they said, was not 
that they, the ambassadors, should declare those unreason- 
able demands of the French, but only to set forth to them, 
that they should take occasion, as soon as they might, to do 
the message they had first from them, the King^s Council. 
The French The French still remained high in their terms, and shew- 
T^^^"" ed no good disposition towards an accord with the Emperor, 
terms. but only in words. For the Council, by the King*s com- 
mandment, had written to Dr. Wotton and the rest at the 
French court, to use the best means they could to get some 
further knqwledge, and to assay wheth^ it might be ob- 
tained to have any other conditions propounded in France : 


but, as they ngnified to the ambassadors with the £iiipenn% CHAP, 
diey had no great hope to reoeiye any answer more certaiii 

ihan before. And therefore now, by a letter writ June 11, Anno iMt, 
tihey instructed the said ambassadors, that they might, as 
diey should see convenient time, proceed acomling to their 
imtruetians. And that if any overtures more reasonable 
should be propounded, then they might further go on, ao- 
cordnig to his Majesty'^s former dharge coimnitted unto them. 

The ambassadors with the Emperor, aft^ their audience, Ursed bf 
soon wrote to the King's commissioners with the F^^i^ch J^JJ^^ 
King, dedaring what answ^ the EmpercH* had ^ven them ; propoond 

caduntiiig them, ihat they dhould move that King as eam-temt. 
eady as they could devise, to come to the ofier of some rea- 
•flooable oonchtions, or at least such as were void of extremi- 
ties, and the which might induce i^ome treaty by their friends 
toward a <xmoord. To this the Council also urged the said 
conmisaonclrs. And by this plain pit)ceeding with the 
Frendi Kh^, the Council did think (and so they wrote, 417 
June dO, to the iunbassadors at Brussels) their comrais- 
noners ehoold either have occasion given to enter further 
into the matter, or some such other resolute answer, as 
v^ht determine both their ambassades. 

The Eng bmng now near tns end, and in the daily in- The King's 

crease of his sickness, which by this time grew very extreme hu media. 

iipcm him, yet such was his generous and Christian dispo-tion. 

adon, that he was very earnest in diis his mediation for 

peace, as though he desired to see Christendom at quiet be- 

fiie his death. And these were the last steps I find made 

is diis bnsiness. After the Eing'*s ambassadors had been 

vith the French King, soliciting for more reasonable oflfers, 

tbt might shew him well affected to peace, he, in fine, gave 

tliem socfa answers as httle tended to the proceeding to a 

tMtf. Neverthdess, the Emperor was again addressed to 

by die <aad»Madors at his court, who now diewed him 

pUnly what the Frendi^s demands were; but they were in- 

itacttd to soften the roughness of them, by esteeming it 

^ as a psactic e fermorly used in the entay into these kind 

^ Mates, wherein ^oromoiily more was demanded than 


BOOK was expected to be granted, being intended chiefly to intro- 
duce discourse. But, however these things succeeded, die 

'^^®^^^^- ambassadors were ordered to assure the Emperor of the 
King^s most hearty afPection to him and his affairs, and of 
his care for the good estate of Christendom. But the Couik- 
cil^s letters to these ambassadors will shew all this business 
more distinctly: which I will set down at length in this 
place, being writ the 1st of July, that is, but ^ days before 
the good King'^s death. 

The Coun- « After our hearty commendations. Upon the rec^pt of 
ambassa- " your letters of this last month, by the which you declared 
thrEm*** " ^"^ "^ ^^^ answer made unto you by the Emperor, upon 
peror. ** your access unto him, we sent unto you the Eing^s Mi^ 
B. 19,' ** j^sty's commissioners being in France, to proceed again 
** with the French King in the matter of peace, and by 
^^ some means to procure more reasonable demands ; upon 
the which some kind of entry might be taken to treat 
thereof. For which purpose, we gave them certain know- 
ledge of the Emperor^s answer unto the French King: 
whereby it might be seen, both how the Emperor was 
disposed to a peace, and yet, nevertheless, without some 
particular overture of the French King^s behalf, not 
" minded to enter any further talk of the matter. This 
^' message is done by our ambassadors, and answer recaved 
from the French King, such as do little further the pro- 
ceeding to a treaty. And yet it seemeth convenient, tot 
the honour of the King'^s Majesty, and for demonstration 
^^ of his earnest meaning in this travail, to proceed further 
" with the Emperor by your means. 

" And first, touching the answer made by the French 
^^ King, because ye shall both certainly and plainly under- 
^^ stand as we do, we send herewith a copy of such part of 
^^ the ambassadors^ letters as appertaineth thereunto. Upcm 
^^ consideration whereof, the King^s Majesty thinketh it con- 
" venient, that ye should seek access unto the Emperor, and 
" after recommendation from his Majesty, declare the very 
" troth and proceedings of the matter, as foUoweth. First, 




** that the King'^s Majesty^s ministers with the French King CHAP. 
'' had such answer from him in their first motion for the ^^'* 

"peace, that although the French King declared himself Anno 1553. 

" to have good-will to a peace, yet his demands were so ^ ^ ^ 

" great, and in such extremities, as the King our master 

" thought it not expedient, for the furtherance of the mat- 

^^ ter, to open the same demands unto the Emperor : but as 

^ one that meant indifferently in these extremities, to obtain 

" that which he desired, that was, the peace betwixt both, 

" the Prince forbore the utterance of that which he thought 

^^ impertinent to the end, and sought only occasion of some 

" oitry unto a treaty. And now having caused his minis- 

" ters with the French King to proceed again unto some 

^ more reasonable articles, or matters of treaty, they find 

" the fcnrmer disposition in the French King to appear for 

^^ the weal of Christendom ; and yet they find him still to 

^ lest so upon his former demands, as he looked for answer 

'^ to be had thereof before he will fashion any new matters. 

^* So as the King^s Majesty hereupon is, as it were, forced, 

" tor the earnest desire he hath to see some fruit of his tra- 

'^vail, to open unto his said good brother the Emperor, 

" both the fashion of the French King's answer from time 

^ to time, and the cause that moved his Majesty to abstain 

** from the opening thereof before. 

" This done, if the Emperor require it, or that you shall 
" see it otherwise convenient, ye may declare unto him the 
^particularities of the first demands of the French King, 
*^ as heretofore ye have been advertised from hence ; and as 
"you, Mr. Hoby, have indirectly opened heretofore to 
^ Mons. D' Arras. After the which declared, ye may add, 
"for the salving of the strangeness of the deipands, that 
" although the King's Majesty, our master, taketh the same 
^demands to be very strange; yet calling to remembrance, 
"that heretofore between princes being in debates, and 
" coming towards treaties of peace, it hath been often used, 
" that in the beginning, to enter in communication of like 
" matters, there hath been, in outward appearance, and in . 
" the first speech, larger and more ample demands madcj 
^* than have been meant^ either of one part to 



BOOK «< the odier to grant; offering tfaweby oooukm ovty ci 
^ talk : as in this case it maj please the £aap«ror to isleP' 


Aaoo 1568. M pret it ; the King's Majesty thinketh it not unlikdj 89 
^ to proceed of the French Ein^. And therrfore hia Ma- 
" jesty desireth his good brother to take this his trmwi 
aind plainness in good part ; and to assure bimaelfy that 
*^ what means soever may be devised towards the pcooeed- 
ing and perfection of this beginning, his Msgiesty will not 
^^ refuse to shew himself, as he hath hitherto done^ both 
^^ careful of the common estate of Christendom, and alwsrjfv 
*^ well wilhi^ to have the affiuara of his good brother in Kke 
*^ consideratiim as his own. 

^^ In this manner, as ye see -occasion, either dilate or 
^ strengthen the proceedings in speech, so ,aa you observe 
^^ two things ; the one, that the King's Mi^esty's sdTeelioii 
^^ towards the having of this peace, may appear to eontwiis 
'^ as it hath been from the beginnix^ uttered : the olhtf ifl^ 
'< that if you see likelihood of peace to foUow, that the 
** King'^s Majesty's former travail be not made frustrate^ by 
<' other intermeddhng herein; but that his MigeaCy May 
^^ have both the ameyning of the matterst, and be thcaeiDy 
^^ for his own part, provided as becometh. If you shall see 
^ no likelihood of peace, then it shall be well done to pio- 
^^ cure such resolution and answer, as may be an oceasioB 
419 *^ for your return, upon advertisement first made hither to 
*< us, the honour of the King's Majesty, and the continu- 
^' ance of amity with the Emperor, therein provided. 

" And until answer hereof be had from you, the com- 
*< misdioners with the French King ranai% as it were, un- 
^* occupied, 8cc. And so we bid you heartily fareweU, ftom 
^* Greenwich, the 1st of July, 165S. 

<< Tho. Cant. W. Northampt. R. Cotton. 

<' Tho. Ely, Cane. F. Huntingdon. J. Gates. 

** Winchester. Pembroke. W. Petre. 

<< Northumbwland. Ed. Clyntoa W. CecyL 

«' J. Bedford. G. CoUuun. Joh. Cfacke. 

« H. Suffolk. R. Ryche. Ed. Nordi. 

" Arundel. T. Cheyne. Ra Bowes.^ 

*' F. Shrewsbury. Darcy. 


By the number of Bubsciiber^ -we may conclude the CHAP. 
Court vas now full ; partly to Bee what the end of the _ 

Eng's sckness wouM be; and partly obliged, no doubt, byAono'Sos. 

Northumberlaiid, to be present at the new settlement that^^^'^j^ 

was BOW making of the crown, after the King's decease, into «nd why. 

Ins family : that so all the Council, and best of the nobility, 
nught be dipped in it, that it mi^t be the firmer. 

In this mediation nothing more was done, Bor likely toAfoniand 
be done, the Bishop of Norwich and Sir Richard MorisoQ ^!'jlm, 
tomi^ home, and the King's death, preventing. Nor do I miited upon 
find any other orders after this, proceeding from the Coun- 
' al to these ambassadors, but only oBe by a letter written 
toHoby, (left there ledger,) three days before the King's 
dath, cancemii^ a Jintl and moat cruel pvracy, as it is 
ibae called, done upon the sea by some of the Emperor's 
fut^ects. The Coundl sent withal a supplication, and eer- 
trai oOatx writings, exhibited unto them, the Council, by 
tntain merchants of London, that were the sufTerers: 
vfaich pi^TS shewed the manner of doing it at length. One 
vfaerec^ the Council took parUcular notice of, as they writ, 
"That although the rest of the circumstances made the 
" thing strange, yet this made it to be- most strange, that 
" the piracy should be committed by such a fleet, having 
"nuoiig them an admiral, a man of name and reputa- 

" " lion," &c. They therefore denred Hoby to employ his 
■ccustamed wisdom and dexterity, in such sort, as the mer- 
diants might hare a just and large recompence, or restitu- 
^ of their ships and goods, and other things taken &oni 

The King's ambassadors also with the French King had Ambuu- 
irders to come home the very beginning of July, vix. Dr. niry in 
Woitoo and Sir William Pickering; little advance toward ''™°"' ""^ 
itKaty between that King and the Emperor being like to Emptror. 
■ucceed by their mediation : and as Hoby was left the 
King'i ambassador ordinary with the Emperor, so Sir Tho- 
■Bu Chaloner was left in the same quality in France. And 
■Idler, dated July 2, was sent to that King, is commenda' 
tw of the Bud Sir Thomas, for his placing in that k 
I h4 



Orders Jbr subscription to the Articles of Religion ; a 

^™*** AOft ^ tecuMng cmd lea/mvng of the Catechism setjb 
the Kin^s authority. Irish matters. Tlie Duke ^ 
thumberland. The Lady Mary's letter to the 
Divers great matches. The Kin^s gift to Londi 
The King's death. His last wiU. His fanerdk 

IjUT now to return into the Kings's dominions, ai 

upon things nearer home. 

Tbe King's Some of the good King's last consultations for th 

to the bi- of religion was, his care that the Articles of the tn 

shops for ^j^g q£ religion, lately framed, should be subscribed 

subscriptioo the bi^ops, and by all such as should take holy ore 

ticiM*otRe- <>fficiate in the Church, either in reading or preach 

ligion. that enjoyed any benefices : and that a book should I 

in the bishop's register for that piu-pose, as a record 

that any that refused to subscribe to them, should 

admitted by the bishop to any orders or ecclesiasti 

nistry. And that such as scrupled to subscribe, for 

the right knowledge and understanding of any of th< 

bishop by instruction and conference should endea^ 

inform them, allowing them about six weeks' time £ 

beration ; otherwise to disable them from enjoying a 

ferment in the Church. And this seems to be the fii 

that subscription to the Articles was enjoined. 

And for And haviufi: likewise lately set forth a Catechism, 

teaching . '' 

the Cat«. royal authority, for all youth that went to schoo 
chism. taught, in order to their bringing up in Grod's favoi 
in the knowledge 6f true religion, with a command] 
all schoolmasters to teach it accordingly; the Ki 
joined the bishop to visit yearly every school in his 
tive diocese, and to inquire how the said Catechi 
duly taught, and all scholars learned the same. An 
ficate to be sent from the bishop to the archbishop, 
offences committed against this order, from time f 
Letters from the King, dated from Greenwich, in 


ftr tlm puipoa^ I shall act down, (ud the nther, because CHAP. 
Mnerfour Cburdi historians take notice of it,) being ex- ^^"' 
aof£fied from that soit to Ridley, bishop of London. Adoo ma. 

"Rig^t reverend father in God, right trusty and ^^^ll-JJ^f?*''* 
" bdored, we greet you well. And because it hath pleased p. 497, 
" Almi^ty Gtod, in this latter time of the world, after long 
"dtrkness of knowledge, to reveal to this his Church of 
" fiigland, wheret^ we have, under Christ, the chief chaige 
"m earth, a mncere knowledge of the gospel, to the ines-4Sl 
" timable benefit of us and our people, redeemed by our 
" Ssriour Christ ; we have thou^t it meet, and our duty, 
**(&»■ the pure conservaticai of the same gospel in our 
"Church, with one uniform prt^es^on, doctrine, and 
"preaching, and for the avcnding of many perilous and 
"nin ojnnions and errors,) to send unto you certiun Ar- 
" tides, devised and gathered with great study, and by 
"counsel and good advice gf the greatest learned part of 
"our bishops of this realm, and sundry others of our 
" dwgy. Which Articles we will and exhort yourself to 
''aibscribe, and in your preachings, and readings, and 
" teachings, to observe ; and cause to be subscribed and 
" observed of all others, which do or hereafter shall preach, 
" teach, or read within your diocese. And if any person or 
"fenoaa, having benefice within your diocese, shall from 
" botceforth not only reftise wilfully to set thar hands to 
" these Articles, but also obstinately exhort their parochions 
" to withstand the same, and teach the people in any con- 
**trary way, our pleasure is, that being duly proved, yc 
"diall advertise us or our Council of the whole matter 
" fiiUy ; to the intent, that such further order may, by di- 
"rection fiom us and our sud Council, be taken, aa the 
"cause shall require, and shall stand with justice and the 
" order of our laws. 

" And further, that when, and as often as ye shall b» T> 
" any manner of peiwn presented to you, to be advi 
** by you, aa the Ordinary, to any ecclesiastical c 
<* taatry, office, fir core, within your diocese, ye  
" fixe ye adnut him, confer with ham in etaj ti 


BOOK *^ tides; and finding him tlnereto coosaitiiigy to eauaehim 
• ** to subscribe the same, in one ledger-book to be fiamed 



Anno 1553. << for that purpose : which may remain as a r^^ister fx s 
^^ record ; and to let him have a copy of the same Articles. 
^^ And if any man in that case shall refuse to coos^t to 
^^ any of the said Articles, and to subscribe the same, tbei 
<^ we will and command you, that neither you, nor any for 
you, or by your procurancy in any wise, shall admit him, 
or allow him, as sufficient and meet to take any orikn^ 
ministry, or ecclesiastical cure. For which your ao doisg^ .| 
we shall discharge you from all manner of penalties, of 
danger of actions, suits, or pleas ofPremymrey Quare kih 
*^ pedity or such like. And yet our meaning is, that if any 
party refuse to subscribe any of these Articles, for lack of 
learning, or knowledge of the truth thereof, ye shall in 
'^^ any wise, by teaching, conference, and proof of the same 
^^ by the Scriptures, reasonably and discreetly move tfid 
<^ persuade him thereto, before ye shall peremptorily judge 
^^ him as unable, and a recusant. And for the trial (^ Us 
^^ conformity, ye shall, according to your discretion, pefix 
<^ him a time and space convenient to dehberate, and gire 
^^ his consent : so it be betwixt three weeks and six weeks 
^^ from the time of his first access unto you. And if afiter 
^^ six weeks he will not consent and agree wilUngly to sul^* 
^^ scribe, then ye may, and lawfully shall, in any wise refuse 
^^ to admit or enable him. 

" And where there is of late, by our authority, set forth 
^^ a Catechism for the instruction of young scholars in the 
fear of God and true knowledge of his holy religioBj 
with express commandment from us to all schoolmasters^ 
^^ to teach and instruct scholars the said Catechism ; m«k- 
^^ ing it the be^nning and first [entry] of their teaching ia 
422 ^^ the schools ; our pleasure is, that for the better executioa 
^^ of our said conunandment, you shall yearly (at the least) 
^^ once visit, or cause to be visited, every school within your 
^^ said diocese. In which visitation it shall be reqinred, 
^^ both how the schoolmaster of every such school hath 
^^ used himself in the teaching of the said Catechism ; and 



*dn how the schobra do nttare taA fdlow the nma: chap. 
' Biktng plun ud full certificate of the off«ider» contrarj _ ^^"■ 

' to thu order, and oi thtar several i^ences, to the An^ Anui nbs. 
• tnibop (^ the' proTiDce, irithin three months, from tune 

to time, afW ererj such <^ence. Yeven under our ng> 

net, at our manor of Greenwich, the 9th day of June, in 

the BeTcnth year of our reign.** 

Thia Catechisn I couclude to be the Church Catechism, Wur.Book. 
■aed now ordmanly with our Commcm Prajer, for the 
lintsB^ of which John Day had the King's Bcence in the 
unth of March before ; as likewise he had from Queen 
'JiatiKth oftesirards. 

In the month of May were many letters written frocn Letten ta 
be King to tBrers, and the chirf, ^ the Iruh nobility : l^'^l."''' 
fbat the contents thereof were, I do not learn. But if I 
ike it right, the intention thereof seems to he, by proHuses 
i pardon and fair words, either to reduce them to obe- 
Bcace, or to keep them irom making disquiet in that realm, 
rbeae letters, all of tme date, vix. May 1^, were to the Earl 
iTjnaex totheBish<^ofDoneaDdDromore; toOHao- 
!<», lord of Oriet ; to Mac Donel, captain of the 6alk>- 
jhi; toMacuIyn; toOchan; to Magwyre lord of Farman. 
a^ ; to John O-nel, the Earl of Tyrone's son ; to Mol- 
Dor Oraylie, kwd of Brefiyo ; and to Hugh Macnellog, lord 

Dudley, the great Duke o( N<»tbumbcrlaod, now bore Northnm- 
)D the sway at Court, and in effect did what he listed. g^J,'^'''' 
rUs year, bendea the county palatine of Durham, (the ho- 
xni and power of which was like to fall to him,) the King 
;m biro Bemsrd^s castle there, with very great additions 
Elands and IwdshipB in that county and in Nortbumber. 
■nd. He was also now made high steward of ail the ho- 
oars, castles, manors, l<Ht)ships, and lands in the counties 
f Ctunborland, Northumberland, Westmorland, and Y<nrk, 
r any otherwhere in the bish<^>nc of Durham, for life. 
le had also granted to htm the manors of Feckenbam, 
rameagroTe, KingVoorttm, in Worcestershire, with many 
her lands. The year before, he was made chief steward 


BOOK of the east riding of York, and of all the BLUig^s l<sddnpi& 
''* Holdemes and Cottingham in the said county. The yetf 

Anno 1559. before that, he was constituted general warden or keeper of 
the marches of England towards Scotland; namely, of tk 
east, west, and middle marches : which were scarcely hd^ 
fore put into one man^s hand, (except the Marquis of Do^;1 
set, immediately before him,) and he to appoint his defwij 
wardens. And his patent was ordered to be drawn up ii 
the most large and comprehennve manner, enduing Ui. 
with as much authority, power, pf'eeminence, commodit]^ 
and liberty, as any before him had enjoyed from Ridind 
the Second'^s time to Henry the Eighth, as the warrant no. 
Besides these things in the north, he obtained of the King 
great and spreading demeans in Somersetshire, Warwickf 
and Worcestershire, and many other counties. 
423 So that by this time the Duke had prodigiously enriched 
The ihikc himself, and made himself formidably great, by lands aoi 
thomber- lordships, honours and offices, castles, and places of trust, 
^"^^ heaped upon him by the King ; to whom it was not safe to 
deny him any thing he asked. He had strengthened bb. 
interest also by raising himself Mends upon the Kings's ooit^ 
as more especially, thie Lord Clinton and Sir John Gate^- 
and his brother, Sir Andrew Dudley, master of the waid* , 
robe, and taken into the order of the Garter, and his owl 
sons, Ambrose, raised to the degree of Earl of Warwick, 
and master of the Eing^s horse. Sir Robert Dudley, madet * 
lord, and the King^s carver, and Guilford Dudley, whoa - 
the Duke was now marrying to one of the royal blood, vis. ] 
the Lady Jane, eldest daughter of the Duke of Suffidk. . I 
Northum- This present juncture was an extraordinary busy time , 
cares for^ ^^ ^un. For finding the King declining apace in fail 
the realm, health, (which some thought himself the instrument of,) his 
ambitious mind drew him to make his advantage hereof, 
and to advance his family to reign : which he did by BOg^ 
gesting to the King the danger of the true religicm, wUdi 
he had so carefully reformed and established, if his sister. 
Mary should succeed, who was whoUy Popish : advising him 
therefore, that he should by his express will exclude hor, 


md make a settlemeDt of the crown upon the fiunily of the CHAP. 
"inya, married into the roya] blood ; a daughter whftreof 
ne of his sons had lately wedded. The courtiers saw Nor- A"°" '***• 
humberland's designs, and many of them did hut coldly 
^KMiae the business, and were i&t as careful in the matter 
> himself: which he expected they should be, out of their 
nfeigned concern for religion and the safety of the realm, 
rhich he much talked of and pretended. And having oc- 
Raion in the beginning of May to write to Secretaiy Cecy), 
liai retired into the country upon pretence of being sick of 
n ague, but peihaps more truly sick of Northumberland's 
nject, he lamented to him the great negligence of many 
the Court in those, as he called them, most dangerous 
Irju: "and that nather zeal, nor the consideration of the 
' lime, could scarcely awake them, and smoothly winked 
' all cares from their hearts. And that he could illy hear 
' them ; such was his duty to the State, as he plausibly 
' writ, like a very careful statesman." But another of ^ 
DB cares perhaps now was, that in the beg^niung of this 
kCay the King was in a probability of restoration to his 
Mslth. For he now seemed to amend and grow better, The King 
md the phyacians made no doubt of his thorough recov^y: 
ud the rather, because the King was now resolved to ftd- 
Dw thdr directicms, which he was not so inclinable to do 
twfoe. This, Northumberland siud, he was sure would 
iunint the Secretary ; and that the news of it, two or three 
nxningB one after another, bdng brought him by the phy- 
•citns, revived his spirits. Nevertheless, all this surely was 
but a copy of his countenance. Or if be were in earnest, it 
m because the King might live to have his aforesaid de- 
igned settlement of the crown confirmed by Parliament; 
rhich was soon after called for that purpose, and shouhl 
Kve sat, had the King lived. 
And the King''s growing better, t^^ther with a present tih Ltif 
• had sent his uster Mary, caused her to write to him a,^^^ 
aigFatuldtory letter, as little doubting now a perfect reco- ^ 
try ; which ran in this tetu>r : 


BOOK ** My duty noBt humbly remembered wotto yw 1 
^^' " jesty. It may please the same to be advertisedy dud 

Anno 1 558. ^< the hearif^ c(f your Highness^ late rheum-oough wa 

424 "^^ me as much grief as ever was any thing; evensothel 

PetH. At- ** ^^^ I ^^e coiioeiTed^ since I received your Majc 

mig. ^* last token by my servant, hath beai not a little to 

^ comfort. Praying Almighty Grod, as acceding to 

** bounden duty, to give your Majeisty perfect health 

^ strength, with long continuance in prosperity to t\ 

** Beseeching your Highness to pardon this my bold 

*< Tilde writing. And if in the same I do trouUe your 

^< jesty at this present, as I hope I do not, that tbei 

*^ humUe duty and nature, which enfixpced me theiei 

*< may excuse my default. Thus most humbly taking 

^ leave of your Majesty, I do and shall daily pray £m 

^ prosperous preservation of your most royal state, i 

** all others I am most bound. From Beaulyeu, the t 

May, flcriUbled with a rude hand. 

Your Majesty'*s most humble sister, 



A deputy Now thereifore having the fi^reat same of all to pla 

cnnat&hlp o o o r > 

of the bring the crown into his fieunily, the Duke thought c 
''^3*' curing the Tower. Sir Jchn Gage, the jM*e8ent constab 
the Tower, being now absent, either by sickness or i 
other cause, Sir James Croft, one of this Duke^s confid 
was appointed to be Gage^s deputy in his absence, in < 
to laying him quite aside. And in May instructiotts 
s^it by the King to Sir James Croft and Sir Edward ^ 
ncT, lieutenant of the Tower, for their proceedings, touc 
the good order to be Icept there. And a warrant was 
to the Treasurer of the Augmentations, to pay the «ai< 
James, deputy constable of the Tower, forty shilling 
the day, for thurty men ajqxnnted under him ; and t 
Edward Warner, e^htpenoe a day apiece for ten men. 
in the vame month of May orders were given to C& 
lord admiral, for the dischaii^ng of several bulwarks 


faltificalioiis, tt tboee at East and West Tilbury, Sanddiot CHAP, 
in Dorsetshire, the foalwark of Higham, and those of ^^^^' 

Bnnresend and Milton m Kent, and the powder and mu-Ann«ift»8. 
ikkm in them to be removed to the Tower, for the better 
guard thereof. And in llie same month of May a licence 
iims given to the Lord Warwick and to the Lord Robert 
Dudley, two of the Duke^s sons, th^ one to retain an hun- 
feed men, and the other fifty. . 

In the next month, mx. June, a third secretary of state A new se- 
ma appointed, (a thing scarce known before,) vix. Sir John^'*'*^' 
CSieek : whose love and zeal to religion made him safe to the 
krterest of the Lady Jane. And a gift was added to him 
Md his heirs, of Clare in Suffolk, with other lands, to the 
yearly value of 1002. And in the same month was sent to 
liie Lord Admiral a letter, to take charge of the Tower, Lord ciin- 
ind enter upcm the government thereof. And another letter ^"^JJU^* 
%ras sent to the Lieutenant, to asast the said Lord Admiral of the 
in ail things, as should be by the said Lord declared to him, 
and to observe such directions as he should appoint. And 
another letter, dated June 80, revoking Sir James Croft 425 
from the charge of the oversight and order of the Tower, 
and to permit the said Lord Clinton, to whom the King 
liad appointed the diiei ord^, rule, and safe custody of 
the same. 

And a little before this time were great preparations mak- Prepam- 
ing for the match (which was celebrated in May) of the ^IJ]^' 
Ciady Jane with Guilford, Northumberland's son, and great 
tane other marriages that were to accompany that ; as the ^ 
Bod of Pembroke's eldest son with the Lady Katharin, the 
Sake of Suffolk's second daughter ; and the £arl of Hun- 
■Cng^mi's eldest son with the Duke of Northumberland's 
yomigest daughter ; and another of the said Duke's near 
rAitions, (his brother, I think,) Sir Andrew Dudley, was 
ftewise matched, n^ir the same time, with Margaret Clif- 
lordj the Earl of Cumberland's daughter. And for the 
mate aciemnitj and splendour of this day, the master of 
ike wardrobe had divers warrants, to deliver out of the 


BOOK Eing^s wardrobe much rich apparel and jewels: as^tode- 
Uver to the Lady Frances, Duchess of Suffolk, to die 

Anno 1553. Duchess of Northumberland, to the Lady MarchMmend 
Northampton, to the Lady Jane, daughter to the Duke a 
Suffolk, and to the Lord Guilford Dudley, for wedding if 
parel ; (which were certain parcels of tissues, and doth o 
gold and silver, which had been the late Duke^s ani 
Duchesses of Somerset, forfeited to the King;) and to tb 
Lady Eatharin, daughter to the said Duke of Suffolk, an 
the Lord Herbert, for wedding apparel, and to the Lon 
Hastings, and Lady Katharin, daughter to the Duke'o 
Northumberland, for wedding apparel, certain parcels o 
stuff and jewels. Dated from Greenwich, the 24th of April 
A warrant also there came to the wardrobe, to deli?er U 
the Eing^s use, for the finishing certain chairs for his Mft 
jesty, m yards of green velvet, and six yards of green satin 
another, to deliver to the Lady Mary'^s Grace, his Miyes^^i 
sister, a table diamond, with pearl pendant at the same 
and to the Duchess of Northumberland, one square tabk 
of gold, enamelled black, ^th a clock, late parcels c^ th 
Duchess of Somerset'^s jewels. And lastly, another wamo 
to Sir Andrew Dudley, to take for the Lady Margare 
Clifford, daughter of the Earl of Cumberland, and to htm 
self, for their wedding apparel, sundry silks' and jewds 
this last warrant bearing date June 8. 
The Ring's The Eing, but the month before hb death, gave a moi 
giftto the royal and exemplary charity to the city of London, for th 
^^t- better maintenance of their poor of all sorts. For in JuB 

* there was an indenture made between the Eing'^s Majeflt 
and the mayor, commonalty, and citizens of Londa 
witnessing, that the Eing^s Majesty hath given an 
granted to the said mayor and commonalty, and the 
^^ successors for ever, towards the maintenance of the po( 
^^ and impotent peojple, all his manor-hoUse and place ( 
Bridewei. << Bridewel, with the appurtenances, lying or being in tl 
CouncU. « parish of St. Bridget in Fleet-street, London, with dive 
^^ other lands, &c. with a licence unto them for to puicha 



" 4000 mark land, for the use abovesiud ; besides the lands CHAP. 
"given them by his Majesty in London, and elsewhere. 

"And also his Majesty covenanteth, that they shall pur- Anno 1 663. 
" chase so much land as they are afore licensed, besides the 
" fees and pensions granted by the King^s letters patents to 
" the officers that shall serve in any of the hospitals. And 
"his Majesty covenanteth, that as well the lands given by 
" his Highness, as those that they shall purchase, shall be 
"clearly quitted and discharged against his Majesty, his 4 26 
" hdrs and successors for ever, of all tenths and first-fruits, 
" and of all and singular sums of money, for or in the name 
" of a tenth, or yearly tenth part, or in the name of first- 
-fruits. And that they may make godly and wholesome 
" ordinances, statutes, and rules, for the good governance of 
" the poor. And it shall be lawful for them, within the city 
" of London and county of Middlesex, to search and ex- 
" amine, by all ways and means, all manner of suspicious 
^ houses, as taverns, alehouses, and such like, gaming and 
"diceing houses, dancing schools, tennis plays, bowling 
" alleys, and such other like suspect places, for ruffians, vaga- 
." bonds, and idle persons, and masterless. And further, 
" his Majesty hath granted unto them to do, and suffer to 
" be done, all thing and things, be it by letters patents, acts 
" of Parliament, confirmation, or otherways, for the more 
"assurance of the premises, as by their learned Council 
" shall be devised :^ as it ran verbatim in the Council ma- 
nuscript book, which I often make use of, and I do here 
the rather specify it, because perhaps this original indenture 
may have been consumed in the great conflagration, with 
other of the hospital^s writings and muniments. In the same 
manuscript a note of the ^t is set down in these words : 
^ A gift unto the said mayor. Sec. of the manor, chief metsk 
'^suage, tenement and house called Bridewel, and divers 
^^ other lands, to the yearly value of 450/.^ And besides 
tUs house of Bridewel, he gave the city for their poor, the 
Gray Friars, now called Christ'^s Church, and St. Thomas ^ 
hoe[HtaI in Southwark* 



BOOK ItL this month of June a warmt wm usned to the 1 
^^ ChiUio^or) to make out writs for a Parliament^ to be k 
Anno IMS. the 18th of September. 

^^^^^ And the ArdiUdiop had more good work upon the i 
AoonToca- to do fcNT religion and, the Church, had the Ejng lived] 
tion ram- )|^ remained in place. For June 19» a command came 
the King to the Archbishop for holding a oonvoeatkm 
accordingly the Archlnshop ismied out Ins letters of < 
IUgitt« Aidley, bishop of London, for a convocation to be 
in St. Paulas, September 19 ensuing. The ArchUs 
said letters were dated July 8. And Bishop Bidley ii 
out his letters, bearing date July 6 : whidi were not 
cuted, the King dying that day. But by the way, 
makes it plain, that Ridky, however he was in deagn 
never actuaUy bishop of Durham: because the ver} 
day of the King^s life, he styled himself in the sod le 
Nicolausy iniseraikme divina, London. epUccpus. 
A new edU This year Coverdale set forth another edition of the 
^^f^^^^ Bible, entitled, The whoU Bible of the Old and 
Tetiament^ faW^vUy tranelaied into English, by 1 
Coverdale. : and newhf overseen and correct, m^b 
)j Thes. iii. Pray fir us, that tke word of God may 
free passage^ and be glorified. Set JbrS^ tMh the K 
most gra^dous licence. The epistle dedicatory was t< 
King. And M. Coverdale had an epistle also there t 
Christian reader. 
The oate- And A licence of privilege was granted unto John 
^ "'"' printer, for the printing a catechism in Englii^, witl 
brief of an A* B. C. thereunto annexed: and alsofb 
The books printing and reprinting of all such works and books, as 
Ponetaifd ^^^sed and compiled by the right reverend falhi 
Becon. God, John, now bishop of Winton, and by Thomas B< 
42/ professor of divinity. So that no such books, nor any 
of them, be in any wise repugnant to the holy scriptiuf^ 
the proceedings in religion, and the laws of the realm, 
licence was dated at Westminster, March S5. 
A licence also was indulged to Richard Tothel, pri 




print all manner of books of the commoD law of this ^J^4?' 
m, for seven years : so as the first copies thereof be al- 


ed by one of the justices of the law, or two sergeants, or ^""^ ^^^• 
« apprentices of the law : whereof one to be ai reader in pn^Jidg **' 

court, &C. ^»^ books. 

ind Thomas Stemhold, one of the King'^s servants, set sternhoWs 
li his Psalms: being a collection of some of David'*s 
[m% which he, for his own private entertainvient, had 
poBed into English verse, and set them to tunes, and had 
I and played by himself, for his own godly solace. These 
i the young King, sometimes overhearing them, much 
sure: whidi was the reason of Sternbold^s dedicating 
1 to the King ; though they seemed not to be published 
kfter his death. His book was entitled, AU such Psalms 
Tavid as Tho. Stemhold^ late groom of ike King's 
*esiy*s robeSf. did m his life-time draw into English 

lie S[ing^s sales this last year of his reign, besides what 1^^ King's 
5 set down before, were as follow : year. 

£. 8. 


£. s. 


iar4l072 18 
I 236 10 


1406 10 



888 17 


1440 7 


f 704 13 


395 6 


1554 12 


In Apr. ' 

303 18 


234 8 

756 1 

5 oft. 

980 17 

1786 18 

7 oft. 

615 10 


3302 6 



585 16 

1161 19 



F- "j 1334 19 
893 6 



■1989 6 



435 4 


3102 7 


301 5 

1681 13 


In May, ^ 

: 949 7 

3 . 

1717 8 


1797 7 



783 8 


1709 29 



.1049 9 





£. ». 
689 6 
497 11 



£. *. d 
8708 11 9 

699 18 1 

664 14 11 o6. 

727 3 7 

616 14 10 oi. 


129 7 11 

1072 13 



786 17 


1119 18 4 

InMay^ - 

1608 14 
630 7 


13^ 3 0% 
687 6 6 

1926 3 


\m. 7 1 

718 8 
1402 18 


\ob. InJ"n«»- 

81 13 4 

362 3 2 



442 16 2 

4221 11 


1961 14 9ofi. 

3972 9 


1704 4 

4 oft. 

436 12 7 

303 18 7 


'2132 3 


610 13 10 

126 6 


1108 16 

414 18 


1928 4 3 

In June,  

738 12 
776 19 



366 13 4 
1096 6 8 

834 14 


212 17 10 InJuly, 

1 600 15 7o6. 

307 4 


These were the distinct sums of money for the sevi 
purchases of the King^s lands, sold by the commissioner 
the months beforesaid, besides many other, which the E 
parted with of free ^t. 
One cruelly The mouths of the t^mmon people were now fiill of n 
leditSms "' Hiurings upou the King^s continual wasting aiclqiess, 
many forbore not to talk broadly against some, of urang 
fair .ways for despatching the King out of the world : 
whom condign vengeance was taken. And June 9k 
young fellow was whipped cruelly, by a new invention. 
pretended visions, mid opprobrums cmd seditious wo. 



which, very probably, were about the Eing^s sicknees, and CHAP, 
against the Duke of Northumberland's practices, and the_   

J by the King's two sistere from succeeding to the Anno issa. 
crown. The invention was this : a post was set up by the 
standard in Cheap, to which he was lied with a collar of 
irai about his neck, fastened to a chain, and that chun 
fastened to the post ; and two men with two whips whipping 
liiin about the said post. 

It was wonderful also to think how frequent the reports Frequmt 
fkn about that the King was dead, some months before his the Kiog't 
death happened ; as though there were Rome ground for the ■**■*■ 
time. The Countnl-Book mentions the several times vhenN.Battcly. 
examinations were had of these reports, and the persons that 
>{H«ad them. Anno ISBS, April SS, one Bodynham ; April 
S6, Alice Hill; May 5, a man and two women; May SI, 
Chiigtopher Moor, and three others; May S7, John Saun- 
ders; were examined, and convicted, and punished, by order 
li the Council, for reports concerning the King's death, and 
die like lewd speeches. 

The last winter the King fell sick of a cough, which Th» KiDg'i 
brought him into a consumption of the lungs: and so he^|^^_ 
fingered, and grew worse and worse. Yet sometimes there 
seemed to appear great hope of his recoveiy, as there did in 
May; whereof the Duke of Northumberland, in a letter to 
Secretary Cecyl, wrote with seeminggreat joy, aswas shewed 
before ; till July 6, when he piously left an earthly crown 
for an heavenly. 

That he died by poison,would not out of the people's minds 439 
and mouths ; as may appear by what I find in a journal kept ^"'PJ^J** 
hymietn those times: where *he King's death is thus by him poiion. 
Kt down, soon after Queen Mary's coming to the crown, ^''f"""' 
" July 6, ' deceased the noble King Edward VI. in the 
" seventh of his reign. And he was poisoned, as everybody 
■' saith. Where now, thanks be to God, there be many of 
* the traitors brought to their end. And, I trust God, 
^ more shall follow, as they shall be spied out." And tf 
ike seemeth to be hinted in Gabriel Harvey's Mui "* 



BOOK LacrymtB ; where, oocasiooally speaking of King Edwaidii 
^^' death, he thus expresseth it: 

^"^ ^*^' Morho tahescens aurea proles : 

PuJmonem ahsumptum medici dixere. Quid ad nos f 

This report of King Edward's being pcMsoned ran abmi 
not only through this nation, but into other countries: and 
Papists soon took it up, and made their use of it, to repioadi 
the Reformation. So did Oscnrius, bishop of Sylva, in die 
kingdom of Portugal, in his letter wrote to Queen Eliwihrii, 
soon after her access to the crown ; affirming expresdy, dilt 
that King was heinously poisoned in his childhood. Btft 
he that was his answerer, a grave and knowing man, Dr> 
Walter Haddon, that knew very much of the matters of the 
Court and those times, being himself a courtier, esteemed 
this report to be but a fable, raised by idle people, and car- 
ried about by such as favoured Popery. For these are Ui 
words in answer to this rumour, which he wrote near twenty 
years after, and might then be supposed to speak the truA 
without fear : ^^ Can you, being a Portugal bom, so im- 
^^ pudently defame our region with that horrible crimen 
^^ without all likely or probable proof, now that twenty 
^^ years be spent and gone, when as no sober or discreet Eng- 
^' lishman did ever conceive any such thou^t in his mind? 
^^ The physicians reported that he died of a consumption: 
^^ the same was affirmed by the grooms of his privy cham^ 
^^ ber, which did keep continual watch with the sick King* 
^' All his subjects did believe it for a confessed truth : nd^ 
'^ ther could your slanderous fable have been blown abroad, 
^' but among tattling women, foohsh children, and sudi 
" malicious English losels, like unto you. Nor yet could 
" this rotten unsavoury cavil have had any discreet author, 
*' had it not been whispered into the ears of Osorius.'*' 
Reported to The King^s death was reported divers days before it hap- 
vers^days* peucd, the reporters being chiefly his enemies ; and the re- 
ports thereof fled beyond the seas ; nay, even when there 
were hopes conceived of his recovery : for so, it seems, they 

Fol. 87. 



IttdylHtndv^befiaKliisdcptilme. For the idliq^ng <^ CHAP^ 
vUdinrnMun^iheCouDcilwiotetotheaiiil^^ ' 

who ooold Dot tell what to think of it themselves, *< That ^^ ***•• 
^ beoHue they thought the lewdness of some sort of men, 
^ both hefe at hcnne and abroad, was such, as either for 
: ** figktneas, or for oontentation of thdur own malice, made 
[ ^etilfiJae reports of the King^s estate, (which God preserve,) 
I ^ tliey did assure them, that, thanked be Grod, his Majesty 
^ ^ was afive,wlutfaoeverevS men did write or spread abroad: 
I ^ aid, as they trusted and wished, his estate and toward- 
^ nesB of vecoverf out of his sickness should shortly appear, 
^ to the comfort o( ail good men : of which matter they 
^ assured them, as well for their own [the said ambassa- 430 
^ dras] satisfjEustion, as for the answer of others.^ This was 
i writ July 1, from Greenwich. 

i But dght days after^ a letter of a sadder accent came 
( fran the same Council to Sir Philip Hoby , to this tenor : 
\ ^ After our hearty commendations. We must needs be TheCoimtii 
^ MHsry at that which cometh both from us, and goeth to Ki^*. 
*^;qu, with such extreme sorrow, as the like never P'^^^'^u*^^ 
'^ under these our hands. But such is the almighty will of MnbMMdor. 
^ God un all his creatures, that his order in time may not be 
^hy as resisted. In one word, we must tell you a great 
^hop of infielicity : God hath called out of this world our 
^Mffeeeign Ijoid, the 6th of this moflith, towards night: 
"3riiQse]naaBer4tf death was sudi, toward God, as assureth 
^ us that his soul is in place of eternal rest His disease 
^ wiaeai he died was of the putrefaction of the lungs^ 
^baagutterly nncinaUe of tUseviL For the importance 
^ we advertise yon, knowing it to have most comfort to have 
^been thereof ignorant. And the same ye may' take time 
^ to dcfier to the Eaperor, as from us, who know assuredly, 
^ that his Majesty wiU sorrow and eondole with us, fer the 
" d s ftur e mmi lorn at a Prince of that exc^lency, and m> 
^dcar M brolher and friend: not dodbcmg bat that bii» 
^ MaycHy «31 have in remembraaee die andent mky fhiit 
^ hadi been always betwixt ihdr ancestor. For m uM m h 
^ tioB aiem^, ye shall assure bkn, thac there shMA Mii< 



BOOK ^< any thing lacldng on our parts, but all readiness to db8er?e 
''^' ^< aiMcl maintain the same. And so we wish to us all the ooov* 

Annd 156S. << fort of Grod'^s Spirit in all adversities. July 8, 1568.^ 
^™* uls't ^^ ^® King's last will and testament, whereby he ex- 
will. eluded his two sisters from the crown, and preferred du 

heirs of the Duke of Suffolk, enough is said in other Ins 
torians. But as to the other points of his last will, it ma,] 
not be an unnecessary search to inquire after than. Som 
satisfaction may be had herein, from a certain papcar wind 
I have seen, and hereunder inserted a copy of, as I tnn 
scribed it from a manuscript of Secretary Peter's own hand 
being a rough draught taken by him from the King's moutl 

" To be contained in my last wiU^ a>s parcel thereof: ' 

MSS. G. p. <« First, That during the young years of any my heirs ( 
^^^S' it successors, my executors shall not agree to enter into an 
wars, except upon occasion of invasion to be made l: 
enemies : nor, to the best of their powers, shall su£Ssr an 
quarrels to be unjustly pyked by our subjects, wherel 
any new war may ensue. 

^^ Second, Our said executors shall not suffer any jne 
of rdli^on to be altered. And they shall diligently trav^ 
to cause godly ecclesiastical laws to be made and set ford 
such as may be agreeable with the reformation of religi< 
** received within our realm. And that done, shall also cau 
*^ the canon laws to be abolished. 

** Thirdly, Our said executors shall not only follow tl 

*^ devices already begun and agreed upon for the payme 

of our debts, but also by other good means devise for tl 

speedy payment of our said debts. 

43 1 ** Fourthly, They shall consider to be discharged all s 

^^ perfluous charges, both in the excessive expences of oi 

*' household and chamber, and in the over-great number 

" courts, by uniting the same according to the statute pr 

" vided in that behalf, and such other superfluous charges 

" Fifthly, My will is, that my sisters, Mary and Elizabet 

" shall follow the advice of my executors, or the more p 


^^ of them,.m their marriages. And if they so do, and will CHAP. 
" be bound to live in quiet order, according to our appcnnt- ^^*'* 

'^ment, and as by our said executors shall be appointed. Anno tsss. 

" we will, that they, and either of them, shall have of our 

" free gift, 10002. yearly, by way of annuity, out of our 

" ooflers. And if they do marry by the advice of our said 

^ executors, or the more part of them, that then we will, 

^ that ^ther of them shall have towards their marriages, of 

^ oiir gift, 10,0002. over and above the money for the mar- 

^ riages given by our father^s bequest. 

^ Sixthly, Our pleasure is, that our scud counsellors shall 
" not agree to giv^ any lands or tenements to any person in 
^' fee-ample, or fee-tail, other than excheated lands: neither 
^^ shall they grant any lands in fee-farm, nor annuities, but 
'^ only to such as have served us, or shall serve our succes- 
^' sors for the time being, in some place of special trust : nor 
-^ any leases in reversion to any other than to the servants of 
^ our successors for th^ time being. 

^^ All our debts to be paid with, as much speed as can be. 

^^ All injuries, if any have been done, to be recompensed; 
^ and the parties, their heirs, or children, recompensed, ac- 
^'cording to equity and good justice. 

" The coU^e of St. John^s in Cambridge to have of our 
^ gift in land, 1002. by year, towards maintenance of their 
'^ diarges \ • This was 

" A new college to be erected, to be endowed in lands to ^u**to^cc-" 
'* the double yearly rent of the said coUes^e of St. John^s : to «!, his se- 

. . cretary 

'^ be builded up, and made by discretion of our executors, and cheke, 
" within the space of seven years. both"*?'* 

^' The grant made to the mayor and city of London, st. John's 
" touching the Savoy, and lands thereof, to be performed. **^*8** 

^* All such as have grants of us, of any lands, offices, or 
*^ fees, to enjoy our grants. 

*' All such as have paid their monies upon any bargain 
^,for landcs to have their books and bargains performed. 

<' To be bestowed in highways, and to the poor, by dis- 
^ cretion of the executors, the sum of 
'^ The king my father^s tomb to be made up. All monu- 


BOOK '• mento to be made of the burials of Edwwrd I V. JM^ 
"' « Henry VI." 

Anno 1668. gy wlnctk parod of the Eiiig*s will, may be judged liii 
roycd wisdom and prudence, his rdUi^on and justiee, Us 
piety to his ancestors, bis gratitude, charity, and liberalitjr. 

ftmenu"*'* funerals were solemnized at Westminsta-, Aug. 8: 

whereat were expressed, by all sorts of people, such signs/of 
sorrow for his death, by weepings and lamentations, as Che 
like was scarce ever seen or heard upon the like occasioo. 
The solemnity was thus perfcNaned. First of all went a gicst 
eompaoy of diildren m their surplices, and clerks and 
priests, silking: then his &ther beadsman: and then two 
432 heralds : next, a standard with a dragon : then a great noift- 
her a! his servants in black : then another standard, with a 
white greyhound : after this, a great number of his officers: 
after them followed more heralds : then a standard, with the 
head officers of his house : and then heralds. Mr. Hoaojf 
one of the kings at arms, bare the helmet and the.crest on 
horsebad^ : and then the great banner of arms in embroidery) 
with diTers otha: banners. T^en came riding Mr. Clareo- 
deux, another king of arms, with his target, his garter, and 
his sword, gorgeous and rich : and after, Mr. Garter, die 
third and chief king of arms, with his coat armoury in em- 
brdklery : then more banner^ of arms : then came the 
chariot, with great horses trapped with velvet to the ground) 
every horse having a man cm his back in blade, and every 
c«e bearing a bannerol of divers of the Eing'^s arms, and 
with escutcheons on their h<»rses. The chariot was oovered 
with cloth of gold. And on the body lay the effigies, lying 
piteously, with a crown of gold, and a great collar, his sceptre 
in his hand, clothed with his robes, and the garter about his 
leg, and a coat in emlnroidery of gold. About the corpse 
were borne four banners ; a banner of the .Order, another of 
the Red Rose, another of Queen Jane, another of the Queen's 
mother. After him went a goodly horse, covered with doth 
of gold unto the ground, and the Master of the King^s horse 

Offic. Ar- leading him after the corpse : and another goodly honse, 

p!Ti7.b!' ^^ ^ ™^"^ ^^ arms in armour; which, both man and horse. 


were ofiered. Thai followed the Marauis of Winchester, CHAP. 
beaiig chief mourner; and next, the twelve other mourners, 

two and two, viz. six earls and six barons: the earls were, Anno \6ss, 
Oxford, Shrewsbmy, Worcester, Sussex, Bath, and Pem- 
broke; the barons were, the Lords Burgavennj, Windsor, 
Borough, Barkley, Stourton, and Cobham. A majesty was 
set up for him in the chapel at Whitehall, and another in 
Westminster-^bbey, with three standards, the Hon, the 
dragon, and the greyhound ; thirteen banners, and a few 
other plainer bannerols and pensils, and hung about with 
▼dvet. The whole charge of the funeral amounted to 
41JSI. &. 2cL too thrifty and penurious an expence for the 
last respects due to so brave a Prince. Dr. Day, late bishop 
of Chicbester, preached the funeral sermon, and Archbishop 
Cnmmer, however now imder a cloud, celebrated his burial 
rffcar the reformed way, by the English Service-Book. To 
which was joined a communion, by him also administered. Hist Re- 
though after much opposition, as we are told: which was the[!]'^™ j^^'* 
last public office, I suppose, that Archbishop performed. 

I shall not make any reflections myself upon the loss of A foreign- 
this admirable Prince, but only repeat what a foreigner ob- JJ^^ of 
served soon after his death: for his accomplishments and^i^<^^°£f- 
virtues were knbwn abroad as well as at home. Coelius 
Secundum Curio, a man of learning and eminence m the city 
of Basil, and father-in-law to Hieronymus Zanchy, (in his 
epistle dedicatory to Sir Anthony Cook, before Sir John 
Cheke^s book of the Pronunciation of Greek,) hath these 
words concerning the hopefulness of this King, by the means 
of both their happy instructions of him : Vo8y communibus 
'ooHs, conailiis^ indtisiria^ summ(B ac plane divimB gpei 
tUgemJbrmabatis. A vobis iUe divmus puer, &c. That is, 
'^Ybu, by your united prayers, counsels, and industry, 
^formed a King of the highest, even of divine hopes. 433 
^ From you did the godhke youth rec^ve that instruction, 
^ which neither Cyrus, nor Achilles, nor Alexander, nor 
"any other king, ever received more polite, more hdiy': 
" which had he Uved to adult years to make use ef, and batt 
^^ come therewith to the government of the ktngdoBij'arf 



Anno 1558. 




The King 
by Cooper, 
the school- 
master of 
who was 
bishop of 

had been snatched away before, by an immature death; 
what reahn on earth had been happier? what nadon had 
^^ ever been more blessed ? But God was minded only to 
shew him to the world, and sufPer him no longer to abide 
in it The English nation would have seemed to haye 
" been too happy,*" &c. 

And, if you please, take some further character oi him 
and his tutors, from the words of one in an epistolary adr 
dress to him, when he presented him with a new edition of 
Sir Thomas EUoOs Dictionary: " What subject, endued 
^^ with common sense and reason, doth not even now, in these 
** your tender years, perceive your godly inclination, di»- 
'* posed so to rule and govern us in virtue and true religioD) 
^^ that of all nations we may judge ourselves to be most : 
** happy and fortunate ? For these things chiefly we are 
** bound daily on our knees with lowly hearts to ^ve most 
** humble thanks to God, who pitying our state, of a angu- 
^^ lar favour and mercy towards this realm of England, sent 

** you to reign over us. Such and so excellent instruc- 

*' tors were provided for your Highness, as scantly the like 
in virtue and leiuning may in any place be founden: 
whose godly instruction and virtuous counsels, how ef- 
fectually they take place in your sacred Majesty's breast, 
^^ it doth right well appear to all them that attend upon 
your royal person, by the sage and godly talk that pro- 
ceedeth from your most gracious mouth. We here abroad 
by your most godly {»roceedings evidently perceive, how 
" your Grace willeth, that your dear uncle, and other most 
'^ honourable counsellors and ministers, should endeavour 
*^ and apply themselves, first to set up true religion, to 
Gt)d's honour and glory, to abolish idolatry and supersti- 
tion ; and then constantly to proceed forth to the advance- 
ment of the commonweal : that is, truly to administer 
justice, to restrain extortion and oppression, to set up 
tillage and good husbandry, whereby the people may in- 
^^ crease and be maintained. Your godly heart would not 
^^ have wild beasts increase, and men decay ; ground so en- 
*^ closed up, that your people should lack food and suste- 













"nance; one man by shutting in of fields and pastures to CHAP. 
" be made, and an hundred thereby to be deBtroyed. Oh ! '^''"■ 

" godly heart. Oh ! Prince most worthy to reign, not over Anno isss. 
"two or three realins, but over the whole world. Such 
" talk hsth seldom been heard of princes of full age, per- 
" feet discretion, and long r^gn. 

" Wh^^ore the unestimable comfort and joy that all 
" your loving subjects do take at this your wise and discreet 
" devising and communing, and many other lovely sparks 
" and cert^n tokens of virtue and Christian regiment, cai>- 
" not be Buffidently expressed. Yea, undoubtedly many 
"English hearts have conceived an unfngned hope, that 
" your Majesty, shewing yourself so sage, so grave, so ja-u- 
" dent in your tender youth, should, as very Solomon, by 
" m§dom bring the world from tumult and rufding to rest- 
"ful quietness, from war to peace, from hatred and discord 
"to love and amity, from contentious sects and opinions to 434 
"mw ChnBtiaa unity and true religion. Surely, I say, 
" many are fully persuaded, that the eternal wisdom and 
" »ecret counsel of God hath orduned your Highness this 
" to do, to his great honour, your immortal pnuse, and the 
" veal and proSt of your loving subjects.^ These words 
ue suffitnent to shew the spirit and temper, the wisdom and 
parta <^ his youth, when he had not been above three or 
lour years King, even while his uncle the Duke was alive, 
vben this address was made. And these were the mighty 
opectations the honest and good part of the nation had of 
luin. But bis untimely death prevented all. 

The learning of tbis young King, while he was Prince, hu LMin 
did appear by divers letters in Latin, which I have seen, ^^,^,1^^^ 
Wly written by his own hand : whereby not only his pro- tioas. 
fdency in that language is shewn, but also bis ingenuity, 
■it, sweetness of temper, courtesy, and sense of reli^on 
ihined forth. Some of these epistles were writ to his royal 
father the King, some to his mother Queen Kutliarine, some 
to hu sisters. Lady Mary and Lady Eiizabetli, some to his 
uncle the Protectw, one to the Archlnshop of Canteibury^ J 


ROOK another to Day, Ushop of Chichester, Atcts to Dr. C0K9 h& 
precepti»r and ahiuxier, as he stykd him. I have seen abo 

Anno i6d8. some of his scholastical exercises in declamations, or anJaaag, 
upon several subjects ; whidi do shew his inventioo, haid* ; 
some style, his reasonii^^ and his readii^ too^ eqseciaUyk | 
Tully. And all the aboveaaid letters writ in the year 154^ \ 
when he was not ten years did : and the orations csomposed ' 
by him when not fully twelve. A specim^i of these, both , 
epistles and cnrations, will very acceptably oitertain the 
I" reader, to be found in the Repository : where I have exadlj 
transcribed some of them from the originals. 
His book To which I must add, that he was not unacquainted ^th 
against the ^® French tongue : in which he arrived to that degree !»• 
Pope. fore he ^g3 twelve years old, that he composed a tract, con- 
sisting of thirty-seven leaves in quarto, against the papacj, 
and the usurpations over the Christian Church, and the idols- 
try and gross errors brought in by popes, and uphcJden 
by them. The title he gave this his book, written aa the 
t(^ of the first page, was, Ueruxmtre Us Abus du Monde: 
that is. Against tiie Abuses of the World, Meaning the 
abuses imposed upon the faith and worship of Christians 
by the Pope ; wlnmi he calleth Antichrist. It begins thusr 
" ^GM&p&woons tresbien voir et appercevoir par Fexpeii- 
'^ ence du monde, que la nature humaine est prone [prompfef 
^* writ over by the French master] a tons maux, et embrouil- 
^^ 1^ de tous vices. Car quel pais y a il au monde, auquel 
n^y ait quelque vice et abus: principallement au tempi 
present : veu que maintenant le grand empire de TAnti* 
christ est en vogue. Lequel est la sourse de tout mat et 
la fontaine de toute abhomination, et vray filz de diable; 
" Pource que quand Dieu est envoye icy bas son filz unique 
pour nostre infirmite, afin de reconcilier le monde a soy 
par la mort d'yceluy, le diable changea des lors les insti- 
tutions de Christ en traditions humaines, et perverti les 
escritures a son propos par le Pape, son miniBtre,**^ &c. 
435 The conclusion is in these words: ** Conclusion, et cin- 
^* quiesmepartie. En la primiere partie de nostre livre nous 



^^ arons dedar^, et proun^ ecniiide IKerre n'^estat pas le pri- chap. 
^ mat dc TEglise : coDfutans lei raisons papistiques. £n k ^^''' 

^ aeoonde, nous irons prouu^, quil ne peuent apporterAnnoiss^. 

^ [pieguerj writ &wei bj the master] quelque vraje tesmo- 

" g^>89^ ^6 Pierre ait e8t6 a Rome. En la troi^esme par- 

^ ia^f nous arcms prouu£ par leurs dictz mesmes, quilz ne 

^' deyroient pas avoir la primaut^. En la quatriesme partie, 

^ nous avoQS demonstr^ les prophesies portantes de PAnti- 

'^ christ Puis donques, que le Pape est le vray filz de 

^^ diable, bomme mauvais, un Antichrist, et tyran. 

^' Prions tous Seigneur, qu^il conserve ceux^ qui ont veu 
^ la lumiere, en la lumiere ; et qu^il monstre a ceux, qui 
^' sent en tenebres, la vraye, sincere et pure lumiere. A 
^^ oelle fin, que tout le monde en ceste vie glorifie Dieu ; et 
'^ en Pautre numde soit participant du royaume etemel, par 
** Jesus Christ nostre Seigneur. Auquel avec le Pae et le 
^^ Sainct Esprit, soit glmre, honeur, empire, et louange pour 
^ tout jamais. Amen.*" 

This book (whidi I speak of) contains the first minutes 
cf the Singes writing ; and so hath here and there a correc- 
^on, sometimes of his French master, and sometimes of his 
own* It hath in the margin of every page various quo- 
tatknis of proper places of Scripture, for proofs of his pur- 
pose: which shew how well versed he was in those holy 

The dedication of this his book, the King made to his 
uncle, the Duke of Somerset ; which began thus : 

'^ Edovard Sixiesme de ce nom, par la grace de Dieu, 
** Roy d^Angleterre, France, et Irlande, Defendeur de la 
^ Foy, et en terre apres Dieu, Chef de TEglise d'Angle- 
^'terre et Irlande: a son tres cher et bien aym^ oncle 
^Edouard, Due de Somerset, Govemeur de sa personne et 
** Prc^^cteur des ses royaumes, pais et subjectz. 

" Ccmsiderant (tres cher et tres bien^aym^ oncle) la va- 
^ nit^ du monde, la mutability du temps, et le changement 
^ de toutes choses mondaines ; commes des richesses, biens, 
^honneurs, jeux, et pUdsirs: considerant aussi, que telles 
^ semblables sont,^^ &c. 


BOOK And now at last, to prove all this book was wholly hu 
own, done propria Marte^ and the effect of his parts, with- 



Adoo 1558. out any other help, his French master testified at the endd 
the tract, under his own hand, in these words following: 
Tout ainsi qu^un bon paintre peut representer le vi- 
saige, regard, contenance et corpulence d^un prince : aina 
par les escritz, paroUes, et actions d^un prince, on peat 
<^ facilement entendre quel esprit est en luy, et aquoy il est 
adonn^. Comme on peut veoir par les escritz de ce jeune 
Roy : lequel compose et escrivit ce liure ; n^ayant encoies 
^^ douze ans accomplis : et sans Tayde de parsonne viuant, 
^^ excepte de propos qu^il avoit ouys de plusieurs, et de so- 
*' venance qu'il avoit des liures qu'^il avoit leuz. Car des 
ce qull commenca a escriure le diet liure, et jusques a ce 
qu'^il Teust acheud, le diet liure a tons jours est^ en ma 
garde, jusques a present.*" That is. 

Just as a good painter can represent the visage, lool^ 
countenance, and bulk of a prince ; so by the writings} 
words, and actions of a prince, one may easily understand 
436 ^^ what spirit is in Kim, and to what he is addicted : as one 
may see by the writings of this young King, who com- 
posed and writ this book, being not yet full twelve yean 
" old, and without the help of any person living ; excqpi 
^* the subject, which he had heard of many, and the r& 
" membrance which he had of books that he had read. Foi 
" from the time he began to write the said book, and unti 
*^ he had finished it, the said book was always in my keep 
" ing even to this present.*" 

He began this book, according to the date set down b; 

himself, December 13, 1548, and finished it March 1' 


Another There is yet another book in French, said to be of hi 

French writ writing? ^^^^l kept in the library of Trinity college, Can 

J^.***®i^^°*J- bridge ; consisting of places of Scripture, which he had note 

voi.ii. Coll. in his own English Bible: and afterwards, for his Frenc 

P- ^®- exercise, had put them all into French, with his own ban- 

as he signified to the Protector, his uncle : to whom he al 

dedicated this work of his. 




1 dmll |i44 09e d^vf^ more oo&eeiBiiig thk King*^ leara^ CHAP, 
bg : it is this; that many taking example by him, the nation 

b^an #tiwigely to addict itself to art^ and diligence, and^°°^^^^- 
especially to karaiag, for the puUic safety and ben^t of ence of the 
the kingdom. And many good books were now set forth, King^s 
for the use of the commonwealth, and increase of useful ^^'^''^'^* 
knowledge. TUs^ Raphe JEU>bynsoQ, a scholar, acknow- 
ledged, sji^rpened him, and set him on work to translate 
into English thai acoeUait description at a good common- 
wealth set down by Sir Thomas More, before spoken of, as 
in his epiatle dacUcatory he ogmfied in these words: ^ See- 
« ing every aort aod kind of people in dieir vocatkm and 
^ d^ree is buedly occupied about the commiMiwealth^s affairs, 
'' and especiaUy learned men, daily putting forth in writing 
^^new inveaticNis iand devices, to the furtherance ci the 
''same, I thought it my bounden duty to Grod and my 
^ oomitry, to oocupy and exercise myself in bestowing such 
^ spare hours as I eould convemently win to myself,^ &c. 

To ccmclude: of this admirable Prince, thus writ Bale: Bale and 
''He did vehemently love the gospel: and to all learned J ^i^j, 
"men he gave harbour and patronage; Germans, Italians, ^^°S' 
" French, Soots, Spaniards, Poles, &c.^ Bibliander said of 
Urn, <' Many wise men believed, thatJhe, as another Sokmon, 
"did aqitre to that wisdom and virtue thai came from the 
" celestial throne.^ 

Of King Edward'ls ^excel]ent endowments and abilities. And Fox. 
nun% may be read in the ninth book, of the Acts and Monu- 
ments of the Church, at the faegkming. 

And so I take my leave of him, with the verses that Sir And ImHj, 
Thomas Chalons describes his youth, in his heroic poem cbaioner. 
upon the praises of King Henry his feitfaer : 

Q^is ptieri Edwardi suavisdma pectora, mores 
Ter stiaves^ pvMiri exemplar quod nuUus Apelles 
Exprimat^ et nuHo descrihat TvMils ore^ 
Condigne hie per gat rum digno dicer e versu f 

And his death, in his second book De Repui. Anghr.43J 
mtaur^mda : where he thus bewails him, and sets forth his 



BOOK incomparable virtues in verses worthy the noble subject ] 
^^' treats of. 

Anno 1558. Tondcm (eheu /) lentam inviius surreant in iram, 

Omnia pecccmtia populi commissa rependens 
Unites ablatupuerij qtiem Parca beatis 
Restituit coeloj qiu) lapstcs, sedibuSj et nos 
Destituit manifesta Dei prcesentia in iUo. 
Quern si longa dies plures servdsset in ofmoSy 
Si non moituro nurrs immatura neg&sset 
Exerere tdteritts divvrne pignora dotis, 
Tanta tibif O Exmardb^JuH tttm graiiaJbmuBj 
Indoiis et tarn rara usque ad mwacula virttis, 
Ingenio docti curcmi supercmte magistrij 
Tanta tibi et morvm probitas, vbi mite sereni 
Prindpis effvlsit ^ecimen pueriUbus annis 
Gratius, ingenuo sacrum os omante pudore, 
Verbaque vel dura^ blonde penetrantia cautes; 
Tanta^ i/nquam,^ Juerwnt congesta h<BC omnia in 

Dona DeUm^ ut meritopost snecla effoeta credsse 
Delicitmi humani generis natura putetur. 
Quo duce, Brittannis iUa aurea tempora rursus 
Lacte Cannes, et mette rubos signata redirent^ 
Quando iterwm nostris errarent Dii quoque sylvis, 
Dii faxMeSy lustrata novis altaria donis^ 
QuiqUe pias gra/to spectarent ^dere pahnas^ 
.Et genti annnerent restaurato ordine longum 
RelUgumCj tog(B studiis^florescerey et armis. 

Dignus eras triplices canus qui vivere in annos 
Nestorisj ipse decern qui Nestoras unus obires^ 
Cifjus et imperio totus se subderet orbis. 



A view of the manners of all sorts of men in these times : 
ftMity : gentry: yeomanry : jtidges : the poor: the 


And DOW let us stay a little, and look back upon the ^^^ ^^sa. 
tunes m which this King reigned. How good soever he ^^^ ^f ^ 
^as, and what care soever was taken for the bringing in the sorts of 
aiowledge of the -gospel, and restoring Christ's true reli- these days, 
pon, the manners of men were very naught; especially of "^^^f**** 
t great sort of them. 

Among the grandees and noblemen, many were insa-Thenobi- 
iably covetous ; which appeared partly, in raising their old ^ntry 
•ents: which made Lat3rmer use to call them step-lcyrdsj in-[«>v«toui. 
(tead of lamdJords: which was done in this proportion^ 
'hat what had gone before for 901. or 30/. a year, (which wagj 
ui honest portion to be had in one lordship, from otheif 
men's sweat and labours,) was now let for 60Z. or 100/. a year. 
A.nd this caused that dearth that continued for two or three 
fears in the realm, or more, notwithstanding God sent plen- 
^usly the fruits of the earth. Provisions were unreason- 
ably enhanced in their prices, occasioned by this raising of 
>*ent by the landlords ; for then the tenants might reason^^ 
^ly, and did, raise the prices of their commodities, as pigs, 
s;eese, bacon, chickens, eggs, he. as well as grain, and the 
fruits of the earth, and cattle. Another evil hereof was, the 
UBpoverishing of the yeomanry, which was the chief stay of 
4e nation : for out of the yeomen proceeded soldiers for the The yeo- 
Bng's wars; husbandmen, for improving land for the pro-™*"'^' 
^udng fruits and corn ; seamen, for the King and the mer- 
chants' ships ; supplies of people, for the trades and occupa- 
tions of the city; and scholars, to be sent to the Universities, 
to be bred up clergymen, for the services of the Church. 
^t this rank of men, so serviceable to the Church and 
State, that used to be of good wealth, and hve in a plentiful 
<!ODdition, was brought down to low and mean circumstaQceB. 
hy these racked rents. ^ . a 



BOOK To ^ve an instance: Latymer^s father was a yeomai 
Leicestershire, and had no land of his own ; only he h« 

Anno 1553. farm of three or four pounds a year at the utmost i 
weidth of hereupon he tilled so much, as kept half a dozen men. 
yeomen had Walk for an hundred sheep, and his mother mil 
onner y. ^-^.^y j^^^^ . j^^ ^^ able, and did find the King a han 

with himself and his horse, while he came to the place 
he should receive the Eing'^s wages. Latymer rememb 
how he buckled his father^s harness when he went to Bl 
heath field. He kept this his son at 8ch(X>l, until he ws 
for the University, and maintained him there. He mai 
his daughters with five pounds or twenty nobles apiece, 
kept hospitality for his poor neighbours ; and some alni 
gave to die poor. And all this he did out of the said f 
439 Whereas he that had the same farm in KingEdwanTs 
paid sixteen pounds by the year, or more, and was not 
to do any thing fcMr his prince, tar himself, nor for his 
lint set. dren, (x give a cup of drink to the poor. All this Lat^ 
^e^King.'^ thought not amiss to say in one of his court^sermons, 

more to expose this evil of racked rents. 
Enclosures. Again, the covetousness of the gentry appeared, t 
raising their rents, so in oppressing the poorer sort b] 
closures ; ^thereby taking away the lands, where they 
used, and their forefathers, to feed their cattle for the 
sistence of their families; which was such an oppres 
that it caused them to break out into a rebellion in the 
No redress Another way they hiad of oppressing their inferiors 
for the poor. ^^^^ these Were forced to sue them at the law for 1 
wrong they had done them, or for some means which 
violently detained fix)m them. For either they threat 
the judges, or bribed them, that they commonly favo 
the rich against the poor, delayed their causes, and 1 
the charges thereby more than they could bear. Ofteni 
tSiey went home with tears, after having waited loi 
the court, their causes unheard. And they had a con 
saying then, M<mey %$ heard every where : and if a 
were rich, he should soon have an end of his matter. 


In fine, the poor were so oppressed by these means, that CHAP. 
iMymsT, DOW aged, and a great court-preacher, and c^_ 

uithority witii the King, and ntany <rf the great men, was*""" '5*** 
never abnost without poor suitors, that came to him to, J^"^, 
tneak to the irreat men, that their matters might be heard ; ^bem to 
Gomplaming to bun, at what great costs aoa charges thej cat gnat 
h*d laid, to their undoing ; insomuch as being at the Arch- """ 
nshop of Canterbury''e house, where he used often to re^de, 
be had no time so much as to look in his book, as he told 
the King in his sermon. This countenantnng of the rich 
Eien against the poor, was occaooned partly from the ser- 
nnts of the King's great officers, who did use to commit 
the hearing and examining of causes to them. Wherefore 
l4tymer took the confidence in one of his sermons, to advise 
tbeSjng to hear causes himself; and so he advised the 
Protector, and the Lord Chancellor, who left matters to 
others to hear and determine. He bade them, in God's be- 
half, to sit upon the bench themselves, and not to put all to 
Ihe hearing of velvet coait and upikips, as he termed them. 

For the judges also, some of them at least, were very cor- The jadgM. 
nipt, and would sell justice for money. A great man kept 
ttrtun lands from a gentlewoman, and would be her tenant 
ift^ate of her teeth. She tarried a whole year in town for 
• bearing agiumt him, and could get but one day ; when 
die great man brought a great sight of lawyers on his side : 
the wtHnan had but one on hers, and he threatened and 
frowned upon by the great man. And when the matter 
Wis to come to a point, the judge himself wrs a mean to 
^ g^itlewoman, that she would let the other have her 
land. That she could have done at first, without all that 
nibag and charge, if she had seen it convenient for her so 
to have done. And this was all the reUef she could have, 
Au her judge became a pleader on her adversary's behalf. 
LaQrmer did more than once complmn before the King o 
the judges, and would himself give them many a jerk in h 
■eanons. Once he sEud, " that if a judge should -.isk luid 
" tJte way to hell, he would shew him this way. Firai, k'l 
" him be a covetous man : then, let him go a U 


BOOK ** and take bribes: and lastly, pervert judgment. The 
• ** lacketh a fourth to make up the mess, which, so & 



AuQo 1553. ^< help me, if I were judge, should be hangum tuum, a T 

bum tippet, to take with him, if it were. the judge 

the King^s Bench, the Lord Chief Justice of Englani 

yea, if he be my Lord Chancellor himself: to Tybu 

*' with him.*" I suppose he might in these words glance 

these men, or some of them, as not clear in this char] 

And again, speaking of an evil judge that took brib 

Fifth ser- *' He would wish, that of such a judge in Englmid now, 

thc^Kiiigr " n^ig^t have his skin hanged up : it were a goodly sig 

the sign of the judge^s skin. It should be Lot's wife 

all judges that follow after.*** 

The mise- The miseries also of the poor, and the wrongs and hai 

p^^,^ ships they endured, occasioned by the covetousness of 1 

rich, were set forth by another preacher in these days, ii 

Bern. Gil- sermon before the Kinsr* *' Look,'' saith he, " in all countri 

pm s 8er- , ° , 

mon before " how lady avarice hath set on work altogether mighty m 
the King, u gentlemen, and all rich men, to rob and spoil the po 
** to turn them from their livings and from their rig! 
" and ever the weakest go to the waUs. And being tl 
** tormented and put from their right at home, they co 
" to London a great number, as to a place where just 
No relief « should be had : and there they can have none. They j 

from the ,£ -^ -I -I . 

rich : smtors to great men, and cannot come to their spec 

" Their servants must have bribes, and they no small or 

*' All love bribes : but such as be dainty to hear the po 

*^ let them take heed lest God make it as strange to the 

when they shall pray. Who stoppeth Ms ear at the cryi 

of the poor, he shall cry, and not be heard, Pro v. xxi. G 

reproveth them, that it is so hard for the poor to ha 

" access to them^; and coming into their presence, are 

** astonied and speechless, with terrible looks. — Oh ! wi 

what glad heart and clear consciences might nobleni 

go to rest, when they had bestowed the whole day 

hearing Christ himself complain in his members, and 

redressing their wrongs! But alas! what lack thera 

Nor the « Poor people are driven to seek their right amon&: 1 

lawyers. r jt o & 



"Iswjers: and there, as the Prophet Joel saith, what the CHAP, 
"caterpillar hath left in their robbery and oppression at _'''""■ 

" hwEe, all that do the greedy locusts, the lawyers, devour Anno i6&3. 
"at London. They laugh with the money which maketh 
" others to weep. And thus are the poor robbed on every 
" ode without redress ; and that of such as seem to have 
"authority thereto. 

"When Christ suJFered his passion, there was one Ba- 
" nbbas, St. Matthew calls him a notable thief, a gentleman 
" thiei^ sucb as rob nowadays in velvet coats. The other 
" two obscure thieves, and nothing famous ; the rustical 
" tlueves were hanged, and Barabbas was delivered. Even 
"io nowadays the little thieves are hanged that steal for 
" necessity ; but the great Barabbases have free liberty to 
"rob and spoil without all measure in the midst of-the 
" city.— Alas ! silly, poor members of Christ, how you be 
" thorn, oppressed, pulled, haled to and fro on every side ! 
" Who cannot but lament, if his heart be not flint ! There 
"be a great number every term, and many continually, 
" vhidi lamentably complain for lack of j ustice ; but all in 
"vain. They cpend that which they had left, and many 441 
" times more : whose ill success here [at London] causeth 
" Ibousands to tarry at home beggars, and lose their right. 
" And so it were better, than here to sell their coats. For 
" ibis we see, such is the poor man's cause, though never 
" u manifest a truth, that the lich shall for money find dx 
" or seven counsellors stand with subtilties and sophisms to 
"doak an ill matter, and hide a known truth. A piteot^ 
"case in a commonwealth !" 

And again, omceming the great oppres»on of landlords Opprewtng 
tovuds their tenants, by turning them out of all, to thtar 
utter undoing, thus he spake : *' Now the robberies, extor- 
" tifflis, and open oppressions of covetous cormorants have 
" no end nor limits, no banks to keep in their vileness. As 
"for turning poor men out of their holds, they take it for 
"no ofl^ce, but say, their land is their own ; and so they 
" turn them out of their shrouds like mice. Thousaada in j 
** Englaitd, throu^ such, beg now itoxa doof to A 


BOOK *^ have kept honest houses.— ^Theae,'' he added, ^ hiA ndh 
^^ <^ quick smdling hounds^ tfa«t tbey eould live ait London, 

Aaao i$68.^ and turn men out of their £MnDs md tenements an hm- 
** dred, some two hundred miles off. Oh ! Lordy whita 
^^ number of such oppressors, worse than Ahdb, are m En^ 
'^ land, which seU the poor Jbr a pair of skoet^ AiMStt. 
'^ Of whom, if God should serve but three or fimr m te 
^ did Ahab, to make the dcgs lap the blood of them, ^im 
^ wives and posterity, I think it woidd cause a gpeainui- 
*^ ber to beware of extortion : and yet escapikig tampttil 
'^ punishments, they are sure, by God^s wofd^ their Uofld 
is reserved for hell-hounds. En^and fai^ had able mm 
terrible examines of God'^s wrath, in suddoi and stnn^ 
'^ deaths oi such as join field to field, aaxd house to haott 
^ Great pity they were not chromdied, to the terciar d 
Their But in the mean time, these mighty and great mas iaid) 

^' that the commonalty lived too well at ease: th^ giew 
<< every day to be gentlemen, and knew not tbenseiiveff: 
their horns must be cut shorter, by raking their raata^and 
by fines, and by plucking away their pastures.^ 
The gentrj And hereby the commonalty came to hate the geatxj' 
^'*^' for " they murmured, and grudged, and said, thad the gett- 
^ tlemen had all ; and there were never so many getttkaoen 
and so little gentleness. And by their nattaal logic they 
would reason, how these two co90ugataj these yoke-fd- 
« lows, gentlemen and gentleness, should be banished so fcr 
^' asunder. And they laid all the misery of the conunoa- 
^^ wealth upon the gentlemen^s siioulders.^^ 
^y^ In fine, to this pass had c&oeiousness brought the nadim, 

'''*^- that every man scraped and piUed from other ;ev«r J ntii 
would suck the blood of others ; every man encroached 
* upon another. It cut away the large wings of diarity, and 
plucked all to herself. She had chested all the old gdd in 
England, and much of the new : which made the foi^esaid 
preacher add, ^^ that ^e had brought it to pass, that there 
*^ was never more idolatry in England than at that day ; 
^' but the idols were hid, and came not abroad. Alas !' no- 


^rinee, said h^, (turning his speech to the King,) that chap. 
mages of your ancestors, graven in g<dd, and yours ^^^^^' 

contrary to your mind, are worshif^ped as gods : Anno I6M. 
all the poor lively images c^ Christ perish in the 442 
ts through hunger and cold.^ 

y murders were m this mgn also committed ; and Murders. 
rderers too often escaped, by the favour and affection 
judges. One of the King^s searchers executing his 
lis{deased a merchantman ; insomuch, that when he 
ing his office, they were at words. The merehant- 
reatened him. The searcher said, the King diould 
3 his custom. The merchant goes home and sharpens 
idknife, and comes again, and knocks him on the 
ind kills him. Tlus was winked at: they looked 
b their fingers, and would not see it. *^ Whether,^ 
atymer, accor^ng to his coarse style, ^* it be taken 
rith a pardcm or no, I cannot tell; but this I am 

and if ye bear with such matters, the Devil shall 
you away to heU.'*^ But these words of Latymer 
fence, as reflecting upon the merchant'^s reputaticm, 
( friends, when this searcher'^s death, they said, was 
ind of chance-medley. But he understanding this, 
:t Lord'*&-day toc^ notice of it, and said, ^* he in- 
d not to impair any man's estimation or honesty, 
hat they that enforced it to that, enforced it not to his 
ing: considering, he said, he heard but of such a 
' : and according as he heard, so he took occasion to 
:hat no man should bear with another, to the main- 
ice of voluntary and prepensed murder.'' Of whidb 
ttwithstanding their mincing the matter into dhance- 
. he supposed the fact was. ^^ He knew not, he said, 

they called chance^^medley in the law, for that was 
as study ; but he knew what voluntary murder was 
e God. If I shall fall out with a man, he is angry 
me, and I mth him, and lacking opportunity and 
, we put it off for that season. In the mean time I 
ire my weapon, and sharpen it i^ainst another time ; 
dl atid boil in this passion towards him ; I Mek him. 


BOOK ^^ we meddle together. It is my chance, by reason my 
^^' " pon i» better than his, and so forth, to kill him. I 

Anno 1658. <^ him his death^s stroke uf my vengeance and anger. 
" call I voluntary/ murder by Scripture ; what it is i: 
" law, I cannot teU.*" And this. It seems, was the true 
of the case between the merchant and the searcher. 

m^gjy^ Another there was, that slew a man in a certain 
ship, and. was attached upon the same, and twelve me 
panneled. The man had friends, the sheriff laboure 
* bench. , The twelve men stuck at it, and said, except 
would disburse twelve crowns, they would find him g 
Means were found that the twelve crowns were paid 
quest came in, and said. Not guilty. But it was obs< 
that some of the bench were afterwards hanged, as a 
ment of jGod upon them for perverting justice. Ai 
murderer was a woman, that brought forth three b 
children at a birth. She wrung their necks, and cast 
into a water, and so killed her children. But beii 
raigned at the bar for it, she was brought in. Not g 
though her neighbours, upon suspicion, caused her 
examined, and she granted all. But the judge was h 
And yet at the same sessions a poor woman was hang 
stealing a few rags off an hedge, that were not w( 
crown. Another time a gentleman was indicted foi 
der: this man was a professor of the word of Goc 
443 fared, probably, the worse for that He was cast int 
son, but persisted in it that he had no hand in that mi 
yet he was arraigned at the bar for it, and condemned 
was made for his pardon, but it could not be gottei 
sheriffs, or some others, bare him no good-will, and h 
for it. Afterward Latymer, being in the Tower, anc 
ing leave to come to the lieutenant^s table, heard hit 
that a man was hanged afterward, that killed the sam 
for whom this gentleman was put to death. 

Divorces. The nation now became scandalous also for the freq 
of divorces ; especially among the richer sort. Men 
be divorced from their wives, with whom they had 
many years, and by whom they had children, thai 


i^t satisfy their lusts with other women, whom the; be- chap. 
gm to like better than their own present wives. That_''^'"" 

h gave pccarion also to these divorces was, the cxivet-Anno i&aa. 
nuness of the nobility and gentry, who used often to marry 
ibeir children when they were young, boys and ^rls ; that 
they might join land to land, possession to possession, nei- 
duf learning, nor virtuous education, nor suitableness of 
tempers and dispontions regarded : and so, when the mar- 
ried persons came afterwards to be grown up, they disliked 
many limes each other, and then separation and divorce, 
nd matching to others that better liked them, followed ; to 
tlie breach of espousals, and the displeasure of God. 

These divorces and whoredoms (a great cause of them) AdulUiici. 
had especially stoned the last reign, and introduced them- 
lelTes into this ; and prevailed so much, that the compilers 
rf the book of Homilies thought convenient to frame one 
homily against whoredom and adultery; which, how it 
^iread, and what sense was then generally had of it, may 
'ppeat by' the beginning of that homily : " That though 
" there were great swarms of vices worthy to be rebuked, 
** yet above all other vices, the outrageous seas of adultery, 
'or breaking of wedlock, whoredom^ fornication, and un- 
" cleanness, have burst in, and overspread all the world,: 
"and that it was grown to such an'height, that in a man- 
" ner among some it was counted no sin at all, hut rather 
"ft pastime, a dalliance; not rebuked, but winked at; not 
" putushed, but laughed at. Therefore the homily was com- 
"pceed to declare the greatness of this sin ; how odious and 
"abominable before God and ail good men; how griev- 
" ooaly it hath been punished, both by the law of God and 
" divers piinces : and to shew a certiun remedy to escape 
" Ais detestable sin." In the second part of thb homily 
Ae writer speaks of divorces, that then were so common, 
od shewed the occaaon of them : " Of this vice [of whore- 
"(Jmii] Cometh a great part of the divorces, which j 
"days be so common, accustomed, and used by c 
* Tate authority, to the great displeasure of God, and Ij 
" breach of the most hdj knot and band of v 


BOOK " For when this most detestable sin iaonee soeiept inlAtb^ 
^^* ** breast of the adulterer, so that he is ^otaogled wMi im- 


Anno 1658. << lawful and unchaste love, straightway Us true and ha4A 
'< wife is despised, her presence is abhorred, her oaiB|Mgr 
'^ stinketh and is loathsome, whatsoever she doth i» ikh 
pniised: there is no quietne* in the house bo loBg » 4r 
is in sight Therefore, to make short work, she sMt 
away, for her husband can brook her no loeg!?r. ^^ 
through whoredom is the honest and harmless wife pK 
444 <^ away, and a hark>t received in her stead. And ib W^ 
<< manner it happeneth many times in the wife towards luf 
" husband.'' 
^nten- Contention about rdigion^ reading the Scriptippe, ud 
maintaining doctrines out of it, true or fakej wkb ^ 
greatest stiffiiess one against another, was aaiHhtf vies ia 
this reign. Which was the cause of framing anodier hiBt 
mily, viz. against contention and Inrawling. ^ For too mtfif 
*^ there were,'' as that homily expresseth it, ^^ which uptn 
<^ the ale^bench, or other places, delimited to set fiCfflh ces\m 
*^ questions, not so much pertaining to edificatioiii, as to 
'' vainglory, and shewing forth their cunning; and so m- 
^^ soberly to reason and dispute, that when neither put 
^^. would give place to other, they fall to chiding and ooo- 
^^ tention ; and sometimes from hot words to further ioooa- 
*' venience." 
Lftwsnits. It was a contentious age, and peopLe seemed to qiiaivd 
for trifles, and often would run to the law to vex each olbff- 
One lawsuit was commenced upon this ridiculous oocanoB. 
The owner of an horse told his friend, that he should htm 
him, if be would. The other asked the price. He said, twen^ 
nobles. The other would give him but four pounds. The 
owner said, he should not have it then. But the oljur 
claimed the horse, because he said he should have it, if be 
would. This bargain became a Westminster matter. Tlie 
lawyers got twice the value of the horse : ^^ and when sil 
^< came to all, two fools made an esid of the matter," as Lv* 
tymer, according to his mann^ of speaking, tokl the King 
in one of his sermons. 


The ii&gy dso were now generally vetj bad, from the CHAP, 
bidlops to the cuMtes. As to the bishops, diough some of ^^^^^' 

them 'w&ce learned and ocmscientious, yet the rest, and the Anno ibss. 
§kMet part, were such, that there could be no good dw-*^*** clergy. 
dpline ex^xused for the restramt of mn, and for the due 
correetson of swearing, rioting, neglect of God'^s word, and 
cAer scandalous vices. Of the need of disctpUnej and of the DisdpUne. 
faiger or insignificancy of committing it to the bishops, 
Je good King was very senaWe; as appears by that wise 
aBODorse of his, which he wrote, I suppose, in the year 
BfiS. Whardn he saith, ^ that it were very good that dis- 

"dplme went forth, so that those that should be the 

^'aecntors of it were men of tried honesty, wisdom, and 
"jnc^ment But because those bishops, who should exe- 
^ oMe it, some for PajHstry, some for ignorance, some for 
*iige^ some for their ill name, some for all these, are men 
''enable to execute discipline, it is therefore a thing un- 
* meet for these men. Wherefcwre it were necessary, that 
*^ those that be appointed to be bishops, were honest in life, 
'and learned in their doctrine; that by rewarding such 
^ men, others might be allured to foUow their good life.^ 
Therefore for the jH^sent, he resolved to set up discipline, 

. md yet to keep it out of the hands of ill bishops. As one 

^ tf this King^s memorials for religion, wrote in October 
165S, assures us; wherein he made a memorandum ^^for 
^oommissions to be granted to those bishops that were 

^ ^giave, learned, wise, sober, and of good religion, for the 
^executmg of disciphne.^ And the bishops had exercised 
m much dominion and rigour, and been such Papaiins, 
diat the very name ci bishop grew odious among the 

I people, and the word supermtendent began to be affected. Bishops 

' mi come in the room; and the rather, perhaps, being aperinten- 
nwd used in the Protestant churches of Germany. This **^"**« 

I Ae Papists made sport with. But see what favourable con- ^^^ 
Itaetion one, who was a bishop himself, put upon this prac- 
tise, and the reason he assigned hereof. And why. 
^' Who knoweth not that the name bishop hath been so Ponet in 
** abused, that when it was spoken, the pec^le understood Jj^J^^IJ?^ 





BOOK ^^ nothing else but a great lord) that wait in a white ro- 
^^* " chet, with a wide shaven crown, and that carried an oil* 
Anno i56fl. << box with him, wherewith he used once in seven yean, lid- 
^^ ing about, to confirm children, &c. Nqw, to bring the 
*^ people from this abuse, what better means can be de- 
" vised than to teach the people their errOT by anotber 
^^ word out of the Scripture of the same signification. WhiA j 
** thing, by the term superintendent^ would in time hxn  
*^ been well brought to pass: fen: the ordinary pains of such | 
^^ as were called superintendents, to understand the dutyiif j 
^^ their bishops, which the Papists would fain have hidden 
*^ from them ; and the word superintendent bdng a liaej 
^ Latin word, made English by us, should in time li«?e 
*' taught the people, by the very etymc^gy and proper 
^^ signification, what thing was meant, whai they heard 
that name, which by this term bishop could not so well 
be done ; by reason that bishops, in time of Popery, were 
overseers in name, but not in deed. I deny not, as that 
notable man proceeded, that that name bishop may be 
'^ well taken ; but because the evilness of the abuse hath 
^ marred the goodness of the word, it cannot be denied but 
that it was not amiss to join for a time another word widi 
it in his place, whereby to restore that abused word to hk 
right signification. And the word superintendent is sud 
a name, that the Papists themselves (saving such as lade 
both learning and wit) cannot find fault withaL^ And 
then he quoted Peresius the Spaniard, and an arch Papist, 
out of whom Martin had stolen a great part of his hock; 
who, speaking of a bishop, saith, Primum episcopi munui 
Tiomen ipsum prcB sejert^ quod est superintendere. Epu 
Scopus enim superintendens interpretatur. So Pcxiet. To 
Tindai's ex. the same purpose Tindal before him, in his notes upon that 
mS ""^ ^" Timothy, He that desireth the office of a bishop, ik- 
sireth a good work : ^^ Bishop^ sidth he, ^^ is as mudi as to 
" say, a seer to, or a taker heed to, or an overseer ; whidhy. 
** when he desireth to feed Christ^s flock with the food of 
^^ health, that is, with his holy word, as the bishops did in 
" PauPs time, desireth the good work, and the very crfto 


' of a bishop. But he that desireth honour, gapeth for lucre, CHAP. 
^ thirsteth for great i:ents and hearths ease, castles, parks, ^^^^^' 
^ liMrdflhips, earldoms, &c. desireth not a good work, and is Anno isss, 
^ nothing less than a bishop, as St Paul here understands 
<' a bishop.'' 

The curates were both ignorant, and scandalous for their Curates. 
31 lives. The people in many places did withhold their 
tithes from them ; and the reason they gave was, because 
tliar curates, some were ignorant, and some were idle, and 
tiok little care and pains in their ciures, and many of them 
80 intolerably bad, lazy, and wicked, that the parishioners 
oftentimes complained, and brought informations against 
diem to the bishops of the dioceses, nay, to the Council. 
They would ordinarily say, ^^ Oiu* curate is naught, an 
^agfiehead, a dodipot, a lack-latine, and can do nothing. 
^ Shall I pay him tith, that doth us no good, nor none 
** will do ?** The fault of this lay much in patrons : many 
ivhereof would choose, sudi curates for their souls, as they 
flugfat call fools, rather than such as would rebuke their 446 
GOfetousness, ambition, unmercifulness, and uncharitable- 
Bess; that would be sober, discreet, apt to reprove, and re- 
art the gainsayers with the word of God. Another evil in Chantry 
the clergy nowadays was, that chantry priests, out of ^"** ' 
good husbandry, to save the King a little money, were 
taken into dignities and places ecclesiastical ; who generally 
were persons addicted to the old superstitions, notwithstand- 
nig their outward compliance. For these, when put out 
' of their places, had pensions allowed them for their sub- 
astence. But as King Henry, to save his pensions, pre- 
fixed these abbots and priors of dissolved monasteries to 
liishoprics, and other good places in the Church, however 
otherwise unqualified sometimes ; so now, under King Ed- 
wud, there were whisperings of saving much money that 
Hy, which went out in pensions to the chantry priests, 
the diantries having been given by the Parliament to this 

The clergy also were much cried out against, for thrust- The < 
]g themselves so much into secular offices, to the great neg-.^*^ 


BOOK iect of their respective cures. For as it was in Kmg Heo- 
rj^s days, so it. continued in King Edward% that many of 

AttQo 155S. the prelates and inferior dei^ were constituted in aecultf 
* employments : which the soberer part of the nation mudi 
disliked ; because by this means their flocks were left with- 
out due care of them. They lived in such high state, isd 
in so much grandeur, as did not become such as wexe d^ 
voted to God and the Church. Many oocufued in the EiDgfi 
affidrs; some were ambassadors; and some of the Fri^ 
Council; and some fumidied the Court; and some wen 
precddents ; [so was Lee, bishop of Litchfield and Coventij, 
A priest prcffldent of Wales ;] and one, oomptrdUer of the nunt: 
of Ui^emint ^hich studc SO much in old Latymer^s crop, that in a (Mr- 
mon preached in the shrouds at St. Paul^ he exdakned 
against them all, hut especially against this comptidSer: 
** Should we,'' said he, " have ministers of the Churdb to 
^' be comptrollers of the mint ? Is this a meet office for a 
^^ priest that hath cure of souls? I would here ask OBO 
^^ question ; I would fain know, who oomptroUeth the Devil 
^' at home in his parish, while he comptrolleth the voioLt 
*^ If the Apostle might not leave his office of preadung to 
^^ be deacon, shall one leave it for minting? I cannot teB 
you, but the sapng is, that since priests have bectt 
minters, money hath been worse than it was before; and 
^^ they say, that the illness of money hath made all thingi ] 
** dearer." 

The igno- But the reason of this pladng religious m^i in secokr 
nobility offices was, indeed, because the laity, both nobility and 
made it ne- gentry, were not fit for such places. They were bred uf k 
prefer the « SO much ignorance and idleness, jhat the King was fomi 
clergy, . ^ employ the clergy, among whom was the learning and 
' the best abilities. And this made the foresaid good old &- 
ther again to upbraid England for their nobihty. *^ Eng- 
land, I speak it to thy shame, is there never a noU^naa 
to be lord prendent, but it must be a prelate ? Is theie 
never a wise man in the realm to be comptroller of the ! 
" mint P'' Then he asketh this question, " Why are not i 
^^ the noblemen and young gentlonen of England broiqght 




'^up in a knowledge of Grod, and in learning, that they c6ap. 
" may be able to execute offices in the commonweal ?^ He ^^^^^' 

advised) ^^ that as the King had a great many wards, that Anno i558. 

^ there might be a school for the wards, as well as there is 447 

'^ a court for their lands. He was for their being set to 

^ sdiool, and sent to universities, that they mi^t be able 

^ to serve the King when they came to age. The benefit 

" of this would be, that the gentry would not give them- 

^ dahres so much to vanity ; and the common people would 

** be better : for they were bad by following them. There- 

^fi>re he exhorted much to have teachers and school- 

^ masters set up, and encouraged by stipends worthy their 

^ pains. He would have them brought up in Ic^c, in rhe- 

^ tone, in philosophy, in the civil law, and especially in the 

« TOid of God.^ 

Thus it was in the latter part of the reign cf King The nobi- 
Hoiry; but rince King Edward came to the crown, these ^ be ^" 
tluBgs began in a great measure to be remedied. They be-J«aro«d* 
gan to bet brought up in learning and godliness, to the great 
jojr and comfort of England : so Latymer, in place above- 
mentioned, observed. ^^ So that there was now good hopes, 
^ he said, that we shall another day have a flourishing com- 
^monweal, considering their godly education. Yea, that 
^ there were already nobles enough, though not so many 
** as he would wiA, fit to be put into places of trust.'' 

But to return to the clergy again. Among the rest of The habit 
vhose fiiults must be added, their affectation of going too^ier^. 
costly in thdr apparel. Some of them ware velvet shoes . 
ttd velvet slippers. " Such fellows,'' saith our old Cato, 
^ iv^ere more fit to dance the morris-dance, than to be ad- 
** mitted to preach." We may conclude the rest of their ha- . 
Int was agreeable to that piece of it. 


*n^^ CHAP. XXIV. 

^„<, 1553. Oi^^rva^ioTW concerning patrons; the universities; 
448 dty and court. Taxes in this reign. 

XjIaVING taken some view of the nobility, genfary, 
clergy in these times, let us proceed to make our obsc 
tions of patrons, of the universities, the city, the cc 
and so make an end of this book. 

Patrons. Fatrons did shamefully abuse their benefices, somet 
by selling them to such as would or could ^ve mone] 
them, or other consideration: sometimes they would 
farm them: insomuch that when any afterward sh 
have the benefice, there was neither^house to dwell in, 
glebe-land to keep hospitality. But the curate was fai 
take up his chamber in an alehouse, and there ^t, and 
at tables all day. 

Unirersi- Very ill also was the state of the universities now. 1 
was a mighty decay. Latymer cbnjectured, that there 
ten thousand students less than there was within tv 
years before. The reason whereof was, because the 
venues of the Church were gone away to laymen, an 
little encouragement for the students in divinity. He pr 
the King therefore, that he would take order that pn 
ing might not decay; for that if it did, ignorance 
brutishness would enter again. Those that were in ( 
bridge, very few of them studied divinity: no more 
just that number that of necessity must furnish the coll 
according to the statutes. And the livings there wa 
small, and victuals so dear, that they tarried not there, 
went otherwhere to seek livings. And only great men's 
remained in the colleges, whose fathers intended them 
for preachers. So that the said father feared it would c 
to pass, that they should have nothing but a little Edj 
divinity, and that the realm would be brought into 
barbarousness, and utter decay of learning. And the 
added, *' It is not that, I wiss, that will keep out th( 
" premacy of the Bishop of Rome."" Upon this he mj 
suit to his auditors, '*• that they would bestow so mu< 


"the finding: of scholars of fi^ood wits, beinfi^ the sons of CHAP. 

• . XXIV 

" poor men, to exercise the office of salvation, [he means 1. 

" preaching Gkxi's word,] as they were wont to bestow in Anno i568, 
''pilgrimage matters, in trentals, in masses, in pardons, and 
" purgatory matters.'' 

But let us leave these places of learning, and go else- City of 
where, and look upon the great metropolis of England, the 
city of London ; which was much degenerated, especially 
at die beginning of this King's reign. In times past, the 
citizens were full of pity and compassion ; and when 
churchmen died, they were wont to appoint some share 
of their estate in exhibition, for the maintenance of poor 
sdiolars in the universities, and for the relief of the poor. 
But now the poor died in the streets for cold, and laid sick 
at thdur doors, and perished for hunger. 

And one reason of this plenty of miserable objects in Lon-449 
Am was, the destruction of tiUage in the coimtry, and the ^5^^ 
demolishing cottages there: whereby it came to pass, that gars, 
the poor had neither work nor harbour. And so having no 
subsistence in the countries^^ they were fain to come up to 
get bread, or beg for it in the city. Which made Thomas 
vUver, a very grave preacher, in a sermon before a solemn 
auditory, cry out, " O merciful Lord! what a number of 
** poor, feeble, halt, blind, lame, sickly, yea, with idle va- 
^gabonds, and dissembling caitiffs mixed among them, lie 
**and creep begging in the miry streets of London and 
** Westminster ! It is a common custom with covetous 
** landlords, to let their housing so decay, that the farmer 
^ shall be fain,'for a small regard, or none at all, to ^ve up 
**his lease; that they taking the grounds into their own 
** hands, may turn all to pastures. So now old fathers, poor 
** widows, and young children, lie begging in the miry 
*' streets.**" 

And wjien Latymer was so curious to make inquiry. Decayed in 
rhat helps for poor students were now distributed and sent rity, 
D the universities, he could hear of little or none ; nor of 
nich ^fts of charity bequeathed by the richer sort at their 
bftths as was wont before to be. London also had enjoyed 



BOOK the preaching of the gospel in King Henry's time, more 
any other place in the nation, and there sprang up a ( 

Anno 1553. harvest of gospellers here. But the city shewed itself 
addicted to religion, and too much addicted to supersti 
to pride, to malice, to cruelty, and uncharitableness. 
latter end of the reign of King Henry, when the Pa 
swayed all, had a mighty influence upon the dty. So 
there was a kind of apostasy among the Londoners. Yi 
made old Latymer, so often quoted before, in a sa 
preached at the shrouds in St PauTs before the citis 
cry out, O London^ London^ repent, rqpent And sudb 
the vanity, and fickleness, and pride of the inhabitants, 
another preacher styled them buttgrflies rather than 
The citizens But this made them clamour much against the pre« 
to butter- for disparaging them. Latymer came up not long 8 
**®'* and vindicated that preacher ; speaking thus : ** Whai 

^^ there hath been in London against this man, fcHr whfl 
" said but too justly. And would God they were nof 
" than butterflies. Butterflies do but their nature. 
" buttei*fly is not covetous, is not greedy of othar 1 
" goods, is not full of envy and hatred, is not malidux 
" not cruel. [Meaning to charge all this upon the citia 
" The butterfly glorieth not in her own works, nor 
" ferreth the traditions of men before Grod'^s; commi 
" not idolatry, nor worshippeth false gods. But Loi 
" cannot abide to be rebuked : such is the nature of i 
" if they be pricked, they will kick ; if they be rubbe 
" the gall, they will wince. London was never so evil 
" is now."" And to the scandal of the Reformation, 1 
were more loose houses in London now in King Edw> 
days, than ever were before. The Bank, in [Southwj 
when it stood, was never so common for whoredom a 
city now. And it went unpunished. And so shameful 
wicked were many grown, that some thought a woi 
that London did not sink, and the earth gape and swi 
it up. 
450 This uncleanness was chiefly confined unto certain pi 


that were called privileged places, where men might sin CHAP, 
^th impunity ; that is, where the lord mayor had nothing ^^^^* 

to do, and the sheriffs could not meddle, and the quest did Anno isss. 
not make inquiry. There men brought their whores, yea,^^'®^ .^ 
and other men^s wives. Here sometimes was blood shed in London, 
quanrels about women. A Spaniard killed an Englishman, 
by runiiing him through with his sword, about a whore ; 
but the Spaniard escaped hanging. Here also were dicing- 
lioafies, where idle people used to play, and spend their pa- 
tiimony : and here many other foUies were committed. So 
thai the manly exerdses, that used to be among English- 
ism without doors and abroad, began to be laid aside, and 
tinned into gloidng, gulling, and whoring within doors. 
And particularly that exercise of shooting, for which this Shooting in 
u&m had been so famous. This shooting was in time 
pttt much esteemed in this realm. " It is a gift of God,^ said 
IiBtymer, *^ that he hath given us to excel all other nations 
" withal. It hath been God's instrument, whereby he hath 
** given us many victories against our enemies. And every 
^ man in former times used to teach his children the prac- 
" tice of it, or to make them practise it ; as the law also 
^ enjcnned this shooting in the bow. He spake of his fa- 
^ ther, that he was as diligent to teach him to shoot, as to 

* feam him any other thing. He taught him how to draw, 

* how to lay his body in his bow, and not to draw with 
^ strength of arms, as other nations do, but with strength 

* of the body. And he had his bows brought him accord- 
'^ ing to his age and strength ; and as he increased in them, 
*^ 80 his bows were made bigger and bigger : for men could 
" never shoot well, except they were brought up to it. It 
" is a goodly art,'' said he, " a wholesome kind of exercise, 
^ and much commended in physic. And he urged the ma- 

* gistrates, even froni the pulpit, and that in the reverence 
•* oi God, that a proclamation might go forth, charging 
"^ the justices of peace, that they saw such acts and statutes 
^ kept as were made for this purpose.'*'' 

Fr<Mn the city let us repair to the Court. Here indeed The Court. 
WBB an excellent King, but he was a minor ; and so was too 



BOOK much imposed upon by his courtiers and officers, who grew 
rich under him, while he grew poor : insomuch that he ran 

Anno 1558. into debt, and could not pay what he ought. Poor artifioen 
came for money for the works they had done for him, and 
went away without it. For the King^s officers did so rake 
and scrape to themselves, that without liberal gratifications 
SomewroDgno money would be parted with. Those that had accounts 
'^* to make to the Sang for monies received for the King^s use, 
used to defalcate a part, and put it into their own pockets; 
and those that took their accounts were gratified, and so 
they passed their accounts without an^ further examinatiGn. 
These things the King'^s preacher (so often mentioned be- 
fore) knowing well enough, by his converse with the best of 
the Court, plainly acquainted the King with in his last ser- 
mon before him, which was in the year 1550 : where in his 
own person he glanceth at some about the King. ^^ I will 
^^ become the King^s officer for a while. I have to lay out 
" for the King 2000Z. or a great sum, whatsoever it be. 
*' Well, when I have laid it out, and do bring in my ac- 
" count, I must give. 300 mark to [have] my bills war- 
" ranted. If I have done truly and uprightly, what should 
461 ** need me to give a penny to my bills warranted ^ Snaell 
you nothing in this ? What needeth a bribe-^ving, ex- 
cept the bills be false ? Well, such practice hath been io 
England ; but beware ; it will out one day. Beware oi 
God'^s proverb, There is nothing hidden that shall wji 
be opened. And here now I speak to you, my mastei 
minters, augmentationers, receivers, surveyors, auditors; 
" I make a petition to you, I beseech you all, be good tc 
" the King. He hath been good to you ; therefore be y€ 
" good to him. Yea, be good to your own souls. Ye arc 
*' known well enough, what ye were afore ye came to youi 
" offices, and what lands ye had then, and what ye hav( 
^^ purchased since, and what buildings ye make daily 
Well, I pray ye, so build, that the King'^s workmen maj 
be paid. They make their^ moans, that they can get n 
" money. The poor labourers, gun-makers, powder-maken 
** bow-makers, arrow-makers, smiths, carpenters, soldiers 





" and other crafts, cry out for their dues. They be unpiud CHAP. 

" some of them three or four months ; yea, some of them '__^ 

"half a year; yea, aod someof th€m put up bills this timeA""" issa. 
*' tvelvemonth for their money, and cannot be ptud yet. It 
" seems ill-favour edly, that ye should have enough where- 
" with to build superfluously, and the King lack to pay his 
" poor labourers." 

Some of these eozeners of the King in their offices under Some make 
iiiiii were so touched in conscience, that they, privately „«iitn^n. 
Mtne, and some openly, made restitution to him. And that, 
diiefly, upon occasion of a sermon preached by Latymer at 
the Court. About the year 1548, in Lent, he preached 
Bp<Hi making restituium ; and that they who had wronged 
the King must make Testiiutton, or else they would go io 
At Devil, to use his plain English. .Some indeed, and I 
•uppose the mwt part, were angry mth him for his ser- 
»». " Let him preach contrition," said they, *' and let 
" KEtitution alone. We can never make restitution." But 
Hne wa% better touched in conscience. So that one came 
pirately to him, and acknowledged he had deceived the 
Ehig, and sent Latymer that Lent, in part of his restitution, 
sot to be restored to the King's use ; and promised gW. 
DMre that Lent: but it came not; hut the Lent after, he 
*M the 301. and SOW. more with it. And Latymer paid it 
loio the King's Council. And the third Lent, the same 
wntin 180/. 10a. more: which Latymer paid also into the 
Eng^a Council. And so, according to his judgment, lie 
"wde a godly restitution. The Council asked him, who 
"W was ; but he concealed him. And Latymer conjec- 
wed, that if every one would make such restitution, it 
*oiaId amount to 20,000?. Nay, said another, an whole 
lWl,0O(W. Another, named Sharington, came and made 
"pw restitution. Whom therefore Latymer called, an ho- 
"% gentleman, and one that God loved. He openly con- 
foBeiJ, that he had deceived the King, and he made open 
'"titution. This was Sir William Sharington; of w^ 
Money was coined about the year 1540, in tMt 


BOOK than the current money was before, and yet in Valium Ihe 
^^' same. Herem again was a great cheat put upon the siili- 
Anno 1658. ject by the minters : which made old Latymer, in the puL 
pit, (who would take that opportunity to speak his min^ to 
the King,) give a nip at this new' coined money. " We hwi 
" now a pretty little shilling ; in very deed a pretty que. I 
^^ have but one, I think, in my purse, and the last day I 
452 << had put it away almost for an old groat, [that beii^ ai 
<^ big as this new shilling,] and so, I trust, some will td(0 
^^ them. The fineness of the silver I cannot see, [which wm 
^^ the pretence, that the shilling was less in quantity^] bdl 
^^ ther^ is printed a fine sentence, [which was to mdtt 
^^ amends for the smallness of it,] Timor Ikmimfim vite 
^^ vel sapiefUicB.'^ Which was the motto of this ooin^ 
The King And when, to help the King^s necessities, certain taiil 
hbsSii-"* were laid upon the subjects, they found out shifts to diesk 
dies. the King, and to save their own purses : so that his taxes fiS 

much of what was expected to be brought in. Abcmt the 
year 1549, or 1550, there was a tax, that every mm should 
pay the fifteenth part of his goods to the King. But wbea 
the commissioners were sent abroad to take the yalue cf 
every man'^s estate, each did exceedingly undervalue what 
he was truly worth, and gave a false estimate. And he tlifll 
was worth in cattle, com, sheep, and other goods, 100 
marks, or lOOZ. would give himself in to be worth lOif. An- 
other, that was worth SOOZ. besides money and plate, and 
married his daughter^ and gave with her 400 or 500 marks, 
yet at the valuation was set but at 20Z. Which, it seems, 
was an old trick. For in the Cardinal'^s time, for the pre- 
venting of it, men were put to their oaths, to swear what 
Latymer*s they were worth. " O Lord,'' saith Latymer, " what per- 
^!im^rd! " J^^ ^^ ^ England by that swearing ! For, doubtless, 
" many one wittingly and willingly forsware themselves al 
" that time. Which course that father therefore CBlled t 
" sore ihinffj and would not wish to be followed." He kne^ 
it would tend more to the King's advantage, and to tlu 
safety of his subjects, to make them honest and true, thai 
to administer to them an oath: 

or KDI& EBiTASD VI. 153 

Bribery wai iloi ^aj £&. ^sck 5x £ccleaastkal bene^ CHAP, 
fioes, and crril oAsb ani wass^ Hissj zfedeed ^^rould seem ^^^^' 

toicAiae an- gifis^ lAen b iw uiLai: ^jf d)^: but some that Anno i663. 

me depgnd ama wodii jsbbb:^ c&m mdilr enough, for ""^'''^- 

dieir maataa use and astk. Ja^ees* vires would some- 

tmes take farBieab Tltey aad jmjm? 4 wwMriiiM^ as La- 

^fmer scried tfaeoL Sosk x mmm -vcnld sav. If tou come 

to mj maater^ aid affer bob a yoke of oxen, you shall 

: fnd nevo' the w mul ; fao. I iIdsIl. sit master will take 

\ >one. Wktm dbe pKtr kad oftrad nmednng to the mas- 

I Iff, and lie duakil a» cdke is. di^ caaae another servant, 

ttd Hidi, If joK wil bnnp k id ifae dcik of the kitchen, 

TondHdl be iiaiMl 1 d^ bcner. Wbicli was like the 

fiian Ofaaer^anc, Am wmld be seen to recare no bribes 

1 odken 10 more them tar them. 
Coon ihnr took bribes: in the coimtnr AbwoL 
uMy oppvesaed tlie poor, by sriang thcsr rents;, taking 
iBiiij even to fixvy per ccoL Lazidlonis tnmed glaziers 
od boog^ Dp the gpaia 10 sdl dear j^^inst a hard time. 
In the citj tlieT bought up wood and coals. Seme bur- 
S^ses hwjune r^iraxon akow and some farmers regrated 
and bought up all the com in the markets, and laid xi up in 
stoe, to sell it again at a Inkier price, when ther saw their 
tme. There wias a m en Jiaui thai had trareOed all the dars 
of his fife in the trade of merdiaiidifie. and had got 500W. 
or 400(NL by bayizi^ and selling : but in case he might hare 
been licensed to praedoe regra&mg^ he nould undenake to 
get lOOCV. a year, cmiIj by buying and selfing grain hen: 4^3 
within the reahn. And in London tliere were some alder, 
inen that became coBmct^ and woodmonger*. So that there 
could not a poor body buy a sack of ooals. but it must 
come through th^ hands. Which made our preacher b-jk; 
to Kng Edward, that there might be prvmater^. Kudb hh 
were ir King Henry^s days, to promote [that ik. infuriL 
^^gsinst] the King'^s own officers, when they did amist : aiic 
to promote all other offenders : such as reEl-raiber^. *y\JVir*r.^ 
*M^ of the poor, extortioners, fariberb. usure^^. Bu* ♦•• 




Anno 1553. 

Want of 
the cause 
of these 

These times 
and the 
former com- 

would have them to be of godly discretion, wisdom, am 

One great reason of all these abuses, corruptions, m 
gross impieties, that reigned now in the nation, was, th 
neglect of ecclesiastical discipline : which the cburcbmei 
either could not or would not execute against immoralitie! 
The manners of men were very bad. And upon occasioi 
of the sins of uncleanness, (for which the nation was ?er 
infamous, and especially London, and such lechery as wa 
used in none other places of the world, and yet made but 
matter of sport,) hereupon good men wished that the law c 
Moses might be brought into force, for the punishment c 
this sin. And Latymer applied himself to the King, to n 
store discipline unto the Church : " That such as were nouAl 
offenders might be excommunicated, and put from tfa 
congregation, till they be confounded. Which would b 
*' a means, said he, to pacify God's wrath and indignatio 
against us, and also that less abominations be practise 
than in times past have been, and are at this day. Brin 
*^ into the Church of England that open discipline of ea 
" communi<:aii(my saith he, that open sinners may be stricke 
" withal."" 

And thus we have taken a sight how dissolute thes 
times were. Not that these days of King Edward wer 
worse than the former ; but that now, upon the light of tb 
gospel, these wickednesses, that were not so much regarde 
before, were now more observed. So the writer of th 
epistle dedicatory to Erasmus'^s Paraphrase in English 
** Because it is in so great a manner amended, look whei 
*' such corruption still remaineth, there doth it better an 
" more notably appear ; as strange things are common! 
" more wondered at. For all good and godly folks do no 
" wonder, that God^^s word being spread abroad, and beii 
" now almost in every body'^s hand and mouth so commo 
*' there should be any creature in whom any of the enom 
" ties aforementioned should reign." For though the 
times were bad, yet they were better than the times befoi 






So the aforesaid writer concerning the beginning of King CHAP. 
Edward^s reign : '* Of this young and green foundation, ^^^^' 

" bdng yet very newly laid, thus much good edifying hath Anno i66s. 

" already grown in all persons^ consciences, that blasphemy, 

"perjury, theft, whoredom, making of affrays, and other 

"abominations, are more detested than they were in the 

" blind world, very late years gone.^ And again, " A great 

" many diat have hated matrimony, and yet have not hated 

"fornication, incest, advoutry, begin now to abhor and 

" manifestly to fly these and other Uke pestilences, and ex- 

" ercise the contraries.'" 

The taxes that happened in this King^s reign, and mo^Taxet. 
lues given him by Parhament, may not be improper to 
be here set down, for the letting in some further light into 
tbis history. And to do this, I shall but transcribe a brief 
computation thereof, done to my hand by Sif Walter Ila-454 

"In the second year of King Edward VI. the Parlia-Prerogatire 
"ment gave the King an aid of twelve pence the pound, of^^^^J**" 
'' goods of his natural subjects, and two shillings the pound 
^ of strangers. And this to continue for three years. And 
"by the statute of the second and third of Edward VI. it 
" may appear, the same Parliament did also give a second 
\ " aid, as followeth ; to wit, of every ewe, kept in several 
; "pastures, three pence; of every wether, kept as afore- 
[ " said, two pence ; of every sheep, kept in the common, 
"three balance. The house gave the King also eight 
" pence the pound, of every woollen cloth made for the sale 
" throughout England, for three years. In the third and 
" fourth of the King, by reason of the troublesome gather- 
" ing of the pole-money upon sheep, and the tax upon 
" doth, this act of subsidy was repealed, and other relief 
" given the King. And in the seventh year he had a sul)- 
*' sidy and two fifteenths.'" 

I will add here, the sum of the charges of the King'K'j'iii» wkimii 
Iwuaehold for one week, beginning Sunday, December ^9, ^mllhuUi 
m the third year of his reign ; which were as follow : mhs. ^mw* 



Anno 155S. 

"Sunday, n 

rl49 19 dd&i- 


131 1 Soi.}. 

The charges 


129 8 10 06. 

of the house- << 


^were < 164 12 9 <*• 

hold on 


151 16 3 


196 17 6 


U49 11 

Sum total 1003 2 11 o». 

The charges of the household for one week, beginmug 

Sunday, March 16, in the same third year of the King, were 

as follow : 

rSunday, ^ ^124 7 4 


117 19 Oj. 

The charges 


112 6oi. 

of the house- *< 


>were \ 114 19 3 

hold on 


117 19 11 oJ. 


118 18 4 


-122 1 7 

Sum total 828 6 j. 

I subjoin the expences of the King'^s household yearly, 
which were as follow : 

The last half year of* 

King Henry VIII. 
28080/. 14^. 2d. ob. 
And the first half year 
of King Edward VI. 
21107Z. 4rf. 6d. 

In all for 
)^one whole < 

49187 18 Sol 



The second whole year of King 
Edward'*s reign 
The third year of his reign - 
The fourth year of his reign - 
The fifth year of his reign - 
The sixth year of his reign 


46902 7 3 

46100 3 11 06. i- 
100578 16 4o&. 
62863 9 \ob.q- 
65928 16 49. 


During these three last years of the King, his preroga- CHAP, 
tire [of taking up proviaons, I suppose, at an easy rate] ^^ * 

eased: which heightened the account of his household Anno 1 568, 

To fiU up this work, and for a conclusion of these histori- 
il ooUectionB, as I have hitherto endeavoured to give some 
aeoiint of ikmgi and matters remarkable, so I shall set be- 
>re the reader the men^ whether in State or Church, of 
lOst eminence for their honours, qualities, or trusts com- 
lifted to them : and that under several distinct ranks and 
rden, as follows. 


yeations. The King's counsellors^ Courtiers cmd great 


xHIS chapter shall shew what creations of noblemen hap- 
meA in this rdgn, and give a catalogue of the names of the 
^g^s counsellors, lords lieutenants of the counties, and 
iBost of the chief officers of the household, or otherwise. 

L For the creations of nobility by this King, I am be- Noblemen 
bolden both to a manuscript of the right reverend father ^^'^^^ * 
■fohn, late Lord Bishop of Ely, and likewise to the Office of 
Keralds. The nobles created by him were seventeen. 


1. Edward Seymour Earl of Hertford, and Viscount Beau- 
4amp. Created Duke of Somerset, Feb. 12, 1646. And 
^ issue Edward Earl of Hertford. 

% Henry Grey Marquis of Dorset, Lord Ferrys of 
Groby, Harrington, Bonvyle, and Aystley. Created Duke 
rf Suffolk, October 11, 1651, He had Henry Lord Har- 
Kington, who died without issue, and three daughters. 

8. John Dudley Viscount Lysle, Baron of Scwnerye, 
BlBset, and Teyes, and Lord Dudley. Created Duke of 
Northumberland, Octob. 11, 1551. Earl of Warwick, Feb. 
17) 1546. Then made High Cluunberlain of England. 
Made Earl Marshal of England in the 5th of Edw. VI. 


BOOK April SO. Hadissue Ambrose Earl of Warwick, and Hobo*! 
'I* Earl of Leicester, and other sons. He bore a cresc^it foi 

Anno 1558. distinction in his arms. 

456 Marquisses. 

4. William Far, Lord Par of Kendal, Marmyon, and 
S. Quintin. Created Marquis of Northampton by Eiig; 
Edward VI. Feb. 17, 1546. And Earl of Essex fay Emg 
Henry VIII. And died without issue. 

5. William Faulet Lord S. John of Banng. Created 
Marquis of Winchester, Octob. 11, 1661. And Earl cf 
Wilts, Jan. 19, 1549. And after made Lord Treasurer of 
England. Bore a crescent in his coat for distinction. He 
left issue John. 


6. Thomas Wriothesly. Created Earl of Southamptoo^ 
and Lord Wriothesly of Titchfield, Feb. 17, 154a, 01 
whom descended Henry, his son, Earl of Southamptoii- 
[Dugdale makes this, and the other creations about tUc 
time, to be Feb. 16, that is, three days before the coronal 
tion : which yet happened Feb. 20.] 

7. John Russel Lord Russel. Created Earl of 6edf(»d: 
Jan. 19, 1549. And after made Lord Privy Seal. Hat 
issue Francis Earl of Bedford. 

8. William Herbert Created Baron Herbert of Cardiff 
October 10, 1551, and the next day Earl of Pembndbe 
Father to Henry Earl of Pembroke. 


9. Walter Devoreux, Lord Ferris of Chartley. Createi 
Viscount Hereford, Feb. 2, 1649. Of whom descendei 
Walter Devoreux Viscount Hereford, his grandson, by Si 
Richard Devoreux, his son. 


10. Gregory Cromwel, son of Thomas Cromwel Earl o 
Essex, was created Lord Cromwel of Okeham. And ham 
issue, the Lord Cromwel. [This is an error: for thi 
creation happened not in this reign, but Dec 18, 87 
Hen. VIII. This Lord Cromwel died 5 Edw. VL] 

11. Thomas Seymour, brother to Edward Duke of Sc 



meraet, was created Lord Seymour of Sudley, Feb. 17, CHAP. 
1546. And made Lord Admiral. And died without V 

IKUe. Anno 1553. 

IS. lUchard Rich, created Lord Rich of Lighes, Feb. 
17, 1546. And had issue, Richard [Robert, according to 
Sugdale] Lord Rich. 

18. William Willoughby, heir male to the Lord Wil- 
loughby of Eresby. [Mistaken: in truth heir male to Sir 
Qnifltopher Willoughby.] Created Lord Willoughby of 
Ptrham, Feb. 17, 1546. And had issue, Charles Lord 

16. Edmund Sheffield, created Lord Sheffield of Butter- 
wkk, Feb. 17, 1546. John Lord Sheffield, his son and 

15. William Paget, called by writ to the Lords house, 
Deoeinb. 8. Created Lord Paget of Beaudesert, Jan. 19, 
IMS. And knight of the most noble order of the Garter. 

I Who had issue, Henry Lord Paget, that died without 

16. Thomas Dajrcy, created April 6, 1551. Lord Darcy 45/ 
rf Chich, and knight of the noble order of the Garter. 
Rtther to John Lord Darcy. 

17. Ogle, created Lord Ogle. [This is erroneous : 

ftr his creation was in the reign of Edward IV. not of £d- 

II. The names of King Edward's Council, upon his first 
•ccess to the crown, to assist the Protector, were as follow : 

Thomas Cranmer, arch- great chamberlain of £ng- 

['ttiop of Canterbury. 

William Lord Saint John, 
great master of the King's 
'hoindiold and president of 
fte Council., 

John Lord Russel, keeper 
rf the privy seal. 

William Marquis of North- 

John Earl of Warwick, 


Henry Earl of Arundel, 
lord chamberlain. 

Thomas Lord Seymour of 
Sudley, high admiral of 

Cutbert, bishop of Dur- 

Richard Lord Rich. 

Sir Thomas Cheyney, 


BOOK knight of the order, tresUiur- 
''' er of the household. 
/LnDo 1653. Sir John Gate, knight of 
the order, comptroller of the 

Sir Anthony Browne, 
knight of the order, master 
of the hoi*ses. 

Sir Anthony Wyngfield, 
knight of the order, vice- 

Sir William Paget, knight 
of the order, chief secretary. 

Sir William Petre, one of 
the two principal secreta^- 

Sir Ralph Sadle)rr, mas- 
ter of the great wardrobe. 

Sir John Baker, of the 
Augmentation Office. 

Dr. Wotton, dean of 
Canterbury and York. 

Sir Anthony Denny, geft- 
tleman of the prhry chamber. 

Sir William Herbot^ga^ 
tleman of the privy chambfld 

Sir Edward North, dian- 
cellor of the courts of Ang- 
mten^ticms, and Revennesof 
the crown. 

Sir Edward Montague^ 
diief justice of the CoolkBon 

Sir Edward Wotton. 

Sir Edmund PeckhflO, 
cofferer of the household. 

Sir Thomas Bromdy, one 
of the justices of the Common 

Sir Richard SouthweL 

The names of the privy counsellors anno 1662 were as 

follow : 

Thomas Archbishop of 

Thomas Bishop of Ely, 
lord chancellor. 

The Lord Treasurer, Mar- 
quis of Winchester. 

The Duke of Northum- 

Lord Privy Seal, Earl of 

The Duke of Suffolk. 

The Marquis of North- 

The Earl of Shrewsbury. 

The Earl of Westmerland. 

The Earl of Huntingdon. 

The Earl of Pembroke. 

Viscount Hereford. 

Lord Admiral, Lord Clin- 

Lord Chamberlain, Lorf 

Lord Cobham. 

Lord Rich. 

Mr. Comptroller, Sir An- 
thony Wyngfield. 

Mr. treasurer, Sir Tho- 
mas Cheyne. 

Mr. Vice-chamberlain, Sr 
John Gates. 

Mr. Secretary Petre. 

Mr. Secretary Cecyl: 


lilip Hoby. 

)bert Bowes. 

•hn Gage, constable 


hn Mason, secretary 

'rend) tongue. 

tlph Sadleir. 

lor of the court of Augmen- _ 

Judge Bromely. 

Judge Mountague. 4SS 

Dr. Wotton. 

Mr. North. 

bat f<^ow were King Edward's Council in the 

is £arl of Shrews- Henry Savyle, knt. 
d president. Bobert Bowes, knt 

Earl of Westmer- Nicolas Fairfax, knt. 

Geoi^ Conyers, knt. 
Earl of Cumber- Leonard Beckwith, knt. 

William Babthorp, knt. 
ert, bishop of Dur- Anthony Nevyl, knt. 

Thomas Gargrave, knt 
m Lord Dacres of Robert Mennel, sergeant 
I. at law. 

Liord Conyers. Anthony Bellasis, esq. 

IS Lord Wharton. John Rokeby, doctor of 

lind, knt. one of his law. 
3 justices of the Com- Robert Chaloner, esq. 
la. Richard Norton, esq. 

nd Molineux, knt. Thomas Eymis, esq. secre- 
at law. tary. 

sident and Countnl in the marches of Wales, by a 
saon from the King, anno 1551, were as follow: 

illiam Herbert, pre- 

Jarl of Worcester, 
r Viscount Here- 

t Bishop of St. 

fd Lord Fowis. 

. 11. PART 11. - M 

Sir Robert Townsend. 
Sir Thomas Bromely. 
Sir John Facktngton. 
Sir John Savage. 
Sir Richard Cotton. 
Sir Anthony Kingston. 
Sir John Setlow. 
Sir GtHJige H< 




BOOK Sir Richard Mauxd. 
. Sir ThoDiafl Johns. 
Sir Walter Denys. 
Sir Edward Came. 
Sir Roland HiU. 
Sir James Croft. 
Sir Robert Acton. 
Sir Nicolas Arnold. 
Sir John Price. 

Sir Adam Mitton. 
Griffith Leyson. 
John Pollard. 
Matthew Herbert 
John Skidmore. 
Richard Hussal. 
William Shelden 
John Basset. 
John Throgmerton. 

Lords jiw- IIL These were the King^s justices commissioiM 

lords liea- May, 1652, and lords lieutenants of the counties ; who 

the^wmn/ ^ inquire of all treasons, misprisions of treasons, insi 

ties. tions, rebellions, unlawful assemblies, and conventicles 

lawful speaking of words, confederacies, conspiracies, 

allegations, contempts, falsehood, negligences, coi 

ments, oppressions, riots, routs, murders, felonies, ax 

other evil doings. And to appoint certain days and ] 

for inquiry thereof: and to be the King^s lieutenaU 

levying of men, and to fight agsdnst the King'^s enemie 

459 rebels, and to execute upon them the marshal law ; and 

due all invasions, insurrections, &c. as should chance 

moved in any place ; as it ran in their commissions : 

The Duke of Northumberlana, for the counties of 
thumberland, Cumberland, Newcastle upon Tine, and 

The Earl of Bedford, for Dorset, Somerset, Devon 

The Earl of Sussex, Lord Dudley, Sir William Fen 
and Sir John Robsert, for Norfolk. 

The Earl of Shrewsbury, for Yorkshire and the c: 

The Lord Darcy, the Lord Wentworth, and Sir Ant 
Wyngfield, for Suffolk. 

The Duke of Northumberland and Viscount Her< 
for Staffordshire. 

The Earl of Darby, for Lancashire. 

The Lord Chancellor, for the Isle of Ely. 


td Marquis of Northampton, tar die counties of CHAP. 

ton^ Bedford, Surrey, Hertford, Cambridge,, 

1 Oxon. 

Ktd Treasurer, for Southampton and the Isle of 

>rd Clinton, for Lincohidiire. 

irl of Oxford, Lord Dwrcy, Lord Ridi, and 8v 

«, for Essex. 

rl of Westmerland, for the Insho^Hric of Durham. 

ike of Northumberland and £arl of Warwick, for 


rl of Pembroke, for Wilts. 

ert Bowes, £Dr Middlesex. 

ke of Suffolk, for Leicester. 

rl of Huntingdon, for Darby and Rutland. 

rd Warden, for Kent and Canterbury. 

rl of Rutland, for Nottingham. 

lert Tyrwit and Thomas Audley, esq. for Hun- 

rd Russel, for Bucks. 

rd La Ware, for Sussex. 

rl of Cumberland, for Westmerland. 

1 of Pembroke, for Wales, and the marches thereof. 

persons in place and office, and chief about the 
e were the most eminent : 

k, bishop of Ely, chamberlain of the house- 
ellor. hfAd. 

ifarquis of Win- Lord Clinton, lard high 
Mrd high treasur- -admiral of England. 

The Earl of Warwick, 
rl of Bedford, lord master of the King^s horses. 

uke of Northum- SurAnth.Wyng- 

)rd great master. field, 

Marquis of Nortli- Sir Richard Cot- 

ird high chamber- ton, 


UK^of Chiche, lord Sir John Gates, viee^^am- 

M Je 

09 no 

OB 4^ JQ 


BOOK berlain and chancellor of the 
' d uchy . 

Sir John Williams, master 
of the jewel-house. 
460 The Lord Strange, ' 
Sir Philip Hoby, 
Sir ThomaaWroth , 
Sir Nic. Thr<^mor- 

Bamaby Fitz-Pa^ 

Sir John Cheke, 
Sir Robert Dudley, 
Sir Henry Nevyl, 
Sir Henry Gates, 
Sir Henry Sidney, 
And some others, 

Sir Ralph Sadleyr, master 
of the wardrobe. 

Sir William Cavendish, 
treasurer of the chamber. 


SirW.Petre, "1 P'^P' 

SirW.Cecyl, j'^"^ 
■' ■'of state. 

Sir John Mason, set^etn; 
for the French tongue. 

Sir Greoi^ Howard, mu- 
ter of the Eing''s henchmok 

Sir John Gage, constable ' 
of the Tower. 

Sir James Croft, itxA de- 
puty of Ireland. 
RichardCecyl, 1^^^ 

Rob.Robotham, f"™?, 

SirThomas Chaloner, -j jj 

Bernard Hampton, f^d 

Armapl Waad, >  I 

William Thomas, l|o 

William Honnins, ■''** 

Cutbert Vaughan, eai. 

master of the King's bears, 

bulls, and dogs. 

V. The names of the high sheriffs of Essex and Hertforf- 
shire were these : 

(1. Edward Brocket of 
Hatfield, esq. 
2. JohnCockof Brokes- 
bum, esq. 
3. Sir John Gates of 
Chesthunt, knt. 

14. Sir Greorge NMton, 
5. Sir Henry Tyrrel d 
Heron, knt. 
6. Sir ITiomasPoperf 
Tittenhanger, knt 

VI. The names of the King's chief captains and head 
officers in Cal^ and Guisnes, and the marches thereof in 
the latter end of his r«gn, were these : 

The Lord William Howard, The Lord Grey, Sir An- 
thony Aucher, Sir Raynuld Scot, Sir Maurice Denys, John 
Harleston, George Brown, Edward Griraston^ Sir Thomtf 
Cotton, Nicolas Alexander, Eustace Alungdcn. 



'alogtie of the Bishops in this Kittys reign ; with re- 
marks upon them. 

D as these were the chief of quality and honour among 
ity, so for those of that 6gure among the spiritualty, 
U offer here the names of the several archbishops and 
X that governed the respective sees under this Xing, 
lom were not above half a score that heartily favoured 
jrthered the reformation of religion. 

mmer. A privy cougsellor : memoiiaJs of whom were CMtterburr. 
years ago published. To hira the Church of England 

her excellent reformation. He was a married man : 
ft a son, of his own name ; who was restored in blood 
I fifth of Queen Elizabeth. This Archbishop was 
red by fire at Oxford, under Queen Mary. 
}gtde. A favourer of the Reformation. The only York, 
ly prelate in this reign; and a married man. He 
ased of the King the manor of Scrowby in NotUng- 
lire; and, after his own and his wife's death, laid it to 
rchbishopric of York. Upon the coming of Queen 

to the crown, he was cast into the Tower; spoiled of 
reasure, plate, and jewels, and household-stuff, at his 
9 at Cawood, and at Battersea in Surrey, and other 
, where he sometimes readed. 

ler. He was deposed under King Edward's reign ; London, 
stored under Queen Mary, by sentence of Dr. John 
inwel. Commonly called bloody Boner, for his popish 
a sentendng so many professors of the gospel to the , 

. He was deprived ag^n under Queen Elizabeth; 
mained excommunicate several years before his d 
ised to be base son of one Savage, i 


la/. , He succeeded, upmi the deprivat 


BOOK A great instrument and assistant to Cranmer in the refor- 
^^ mation of this Church. Very learned and pious. He was 
chaplain to King Henry VIII. before whom he once 
preached a notable sermon, at the marriage of the Lady 
Clynton to Sir Anthony Browne, master of the horse to that 
King. He was martyred by fire imder Queen Mary : aod 
died unmarried. 
Wiocbetter. Gardiner > Deprived imder this King, and laid in Ibt 
Tower. But under Queen Mary restored, and advanoed to 
be \(xA chancellor of England. He was chancellor also A 
the University of Cambridge, and master of Trinity hdl 
there : which place he held to his death. He is supposed 
to be the base son of Woodvile, bishop of Salifibuiy. Bui 
462 he gave the coat of the Gardiners of Glemsford, near Ips* 
urich in Suffolk ; which was, azure, a cross, cn*, charged ifA 
a cinquefcnl, gules, pierced ; or rather, a roae, (which, 1 
sufqx)se, was an addition granted him by the King,) be 
tween four griffins^ heads erazed, argait, languid, gules : « 
I observed from an ancient picture of diis prelate^s, in th^ 
possession of my worthy friend. Sir Richard Gibbs, of Whet 
bam in Suffolk, knt Upon the frame is writ his motto 
Vana solus hommis. When that jHcture was taken of him 
he was fifty-three years of age. He is represented with 
surplice close at the wrists, and a scarf over it, a square ci^ 
on his head, a book in his hand, two great stoned rings iqioa 
his two forefingers, the one a ruby, and the other a siqc 
phire, and another small ring upon the little finger of hi 
left hand. A severe black visage shaven close, and his eye 
brows somewhat hanging over his eyes. 

Ponet. Upon Gardiner^s deprivation, he succeeded. H< 
bid been Archlxshop Cranmer^s chaplain. He had SOOI 
marks a year settled upon him : the rest of the tempocaltie 
of this rich bishopric was taken into the King's hands ; wbi 
bestowed most of the good manors and lands thereof upa 
several of his courtiers. This Bishop was one of that ordi 
in this reign that cordially favoured religion, and was a 
exile under Queen Mary. Bale, the antiquary, and Gooc 


•ere, were at one time this Bishop's chaplains, and went both CHAP, 
together into Ireland, one to be Bishop of Ossory, and the ^""'' 
other Archbishop of Armagh. 

Tonstal. A privy couasellor, and long experienced inDorham. 
matters of state. He went along with the Reformation for 
ume years, till at length he was l^d in the Tower for mis- 
prisiDii of treason, in concealing a conspiracy in the north, 
■nd was deprived. He was base bom. Restored by Queen 
Mary; and died a very aged man, about a year after Queen 
Eliabeth's access to the crown. He wrote a book De Fm- 
We Corporii et Smigvmia Domini nastri in Euckaristia, 
ffl the year 1S61 : and was then seventy-seven years of age. 
Aichtishop Parker buried him in Lambeth church, with the 
reject due to his character. 

 Bom. Dean of Durham, had the grant of this bi- 
dupnc, but enjoyed it not, having no mind to it, Tonstal 
bang alive. It was soon after, by some resolves of Coundl, 
oindTed by act of Parliament. Upon a design of founding 
It anew, Ridley, bbhop of London, was nominated to it; 
bat it went no further. 

Goodricte. A privy counsellor : he was advanced to be Eijr. 

W diaocellor, after the resignation of the Lord Rich. 

I Noted for bis impartial distribution of justice : gende to his 

\ oemiea, but somewhat too harsh to his ^ends and depend- 

«ls. Under him the Reformation succeeded well. He was 

employed much by King Henry and King Edward, in em- 

biaaes and matters of state. He was the son of Edward 

[ Goodiick, of Kirby in Lincolnshire, by JaJie his wife, 

' daughter and heir of Williamson, of Boston in the same 

CDun^ : and gave for his coat, argent, on a fesse, gules, 

between two lions passant giu^nt, sable, a flower de lys of 

tbe first, between two crescents, or. 

Hdlbech. A true favourer of the goqiei, and made much Lincoln, 
lue 1^ in the reforming and settling of tJieCbiiT^h. He was 
called sometimes Henry Rands, of Holbech in Lincolnsh ire.^ 
He had been lord prior of Worcester, and upon ( 
establishment of the cathedral chundies, was mai 
deao t£ Worcester. He was married, and^ 




and Litch- 

BOOK Thomas. Thirty-four rich manors, beloD^g to tUs see of 
Lincoln, were alienated in his time, though not by his fiuiit 
The sons of Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, were for some time 
educated under him at Bugden, and both died there of the 
sweating nckness. 

Taylor. A true well-wilier to the Reformation. For- 
merly incumbent of St. Peter'*s, Comhill, in London ; more 
lately, master of St. John^^s college in Cambridge, and deal 
of Lincoln: succeeding Holbech in the year 155S. Hewn 
married : and upon that pretence thrust out of the Parlia- 
ment house in the first of Queen Mary. Godwin tells us, he 
died soon after, at Ankerwick; perhaps at Sir Thomas 
Smithes house there, formerly a nunnery : for he and the 
Bishop seem to have been old acquaintance at Cambridge. . 

Sampson. He was bred in St. Clement's bostle. Cam- - 
bridge. Though a Papist, yet he complied so far, that he 
continued bishop throughout Sling Edward''s reign. In 
the year 1551 he was appointed one of the commissioDeif 
for the limits of Scotland : and died under Queen Marys 
anno 1554. 
Salisbury. Solcot^ alias Capon. A Papist, but made a shift toke^ 
in all this King's reign. He spoiled the bishopric : so that 
Jewel, his successor, found it so bare, that he complained he 
had no benefices to maintain learned men. He enriched 
himself, by making his bishopric poor. 

Knight Employed much in embassies by King Henry. 
His house, by some exchange, was the nunnery without Aid- 
gate, called Tfie Minories: in a chapel whereof he was 

Barlow. A married man, and real friend to the Reforma- 
tion. He made some compliance in the beginning of Que^ 
Mary, to save his life. Afterwards got beyond sea; and re- 
turned upon Queen Elizabethans access to the crown; and 
was then made bishop of Hereford. He left several dau§^ 
ters, all married to bishops. 

Voysey^ or Veysy^ alias Harman. He was governor to 
the Lady Mary, when shef had the title of Princess of Wales, 
and kept a great court. He was a brave courtly prelate, 


Bath and 



3>iit made great spoil of the bishopric, by selling away many C HA P. 
ordships and seats from it. He, upon persuasion, and some ^^^^' 
igodi terms made for himself, resigned: but took his In- 
ihopric again under Queen Mary. He sold the manor and 
t>urge of Paington in Devon, and other lands and tene- 
ooents, unto Sir Thomas Speke, knt. by indenture bearing 
iate December ^1, 1549} with the assent of the Dean and 
Chapter : which estate, it seems, the King had some pretence 
unto. Therefore there was made by the King a confirmation, 
in November 1551, of the said purchase to him, with a re- 
lease of all the Emg's right thereto. The Earl of Bedford 
abo, and others of the Council of King Edward, purchased 
good pennyworths of him. For the assuring of whose titles, 
a letter was sent from the King and Council to the Bishop, 
March 10, 1550, to suffer the sidd Earl, and others of the - 
Council, to procure the best assurance for the lands bought 
of him, appertaining to the bishopric : for it seems he was 
not yet actually out of the bishopric, though in November 
before, a letter of thanks was sent him for surrendering 
Aereof; which, I suppose, must be imderstood of his pro- 
Bnse to surrender. 

Cffverdale. He lived long in Germany and Denmark ; ^g^ 
where he had a benefice, and married a sober woman, named 
Bfizaheth, bom in those parts. A grave, reverend, good 
nan, and a serious promoter of the reformation of this 
Church. He lived in exile under Queen Mary ; returned 
home in Queen Elizabeths reign, and assisted at the conse- 
cration of Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury. He 
lived privately in London for some time : but in 1563 he 
was preferred to be rector of St. Magnus, London ; whose 
jwverty was such, that the Queen forgave him his first-fruits. 
And such was the esteem he bore, that he had no less per- 
sons for his intercessors with the Queen, than the Archbishop 
rf Canterbury, the Bishop of London, the Eai-1 of Leicester, 
tnd the Secretary of State. He was a diligent corrector of 
he English Bible after Tindal ; which is commonly called 
]!overdale^s translation. 



fiOOK Rugge^ alias Reps, He had his name oS, Reps frooi 
^^' denomiiiarion of the town where he was bom, ch: wha 

Norwich. &ther lived, mz. North Reps in Norfolk. He was abb 
St. Benedict de Hukno. 

Thvrleby, He was of Trinity hall in Cambridge, 
kept under fiilney^s chamber : being then a scholar, he 
often to play upon his recorder, for his diversion : and 
good Bilney would go to his prayers. He was often 
abroad, as ambassador, by King Henry ; who first pref 
him to be bishop of Westminster. He was dean a 
chapel to King Edward, and by him sent to the £m{ 
He became bishop of Ely under Queen Mary : and i 
Queen Elizabeth was deprived; but lived and died, 
much freedom and good usage, with Archbishop Pai 
who gave him honourable burial in Lambeth diurch. 

Worcester. Hethe. He was deprived in the year 1550, b^g o 
age of forty-nine years. After his deprivation he lived 
Ridley, bishop of London, during the reign of Kinj 
ward : and under Queen Mary was advanced to be 
bishop of York, and lord chancellor of England. Dep 
again under Queen Elizabeth, and lived many years in 
plenty and freedom at his manor of Cobham in Surrey 
Hoper. Once a monk at Glocester. He lived loi 
Germany, especially in Switzerland, where he became 
known to Bullinger. Under King Edward he returnee 
England, and was chaplain to the Duke of Somerset, \ 
great preacher in and about London. He married i 
creet woman of the Low Countries, and had by her sc 
children. A zealous favourer of pure religion : and foi 
cause martyred under Queen Mary very cruelly. 

Glocester. WaTcemo/n. He was the last abbot of Teuxbury, an 
first bishop of Glocester. 

Hoper. In the year 1552, this diocese of Glocestei 
that of Worcester were united into one, by the King^ 
tents; and from thenceforth to be taken and repute 
one. And Hoper was constituted the first bishop c 
diocese of Worcester and Glocester. 



Skjip. He was once chaplain to Queen Anne Bolen, and CHAP. 
her almoner. A forward man once for reli^on. He made 1 

tway, by a long lease of two hundred years, his London Hereford, 
house or inn, belon^g to the bishops of Hereford, situate 
in the parish of St. Mary Mounthaw, or Mounthault, to the 
Lord Clinton, lord admiral. 

Harley. An hearty friend to the Reformation. Dr. 465 
liurmce Humfrey, president of Magdalen, and the King^s 
professor in divinity, was his scholar in Magdalen college, 
OnxL In Queen Mary'^s reign, he instructed his flock in 
voods and secret places, and administered the sacrament ac- 
coding to the order of the English book ; lurking up and 
doiwn in the naticm ; and died in the hard reign of the said 
Queoi: yet living to the last year of her reign. Therefore 
it is an error in Mason^s book, where he saith, that Harley De MiDist. 
muted at the consecration of Bishop Grindal. It is an^'^^^* 
9Rar also, that he makes those that assisted Archbishop 
Cnuuner, at the consecration of Harley, to be the suffragan ibid. 
ofSydon, and Tayler, bishop of Lincoln, when indeed nei- 
Aer of them did, but Nicolas, bishop of London, and 
Bobert, bidiop of Carlisle, as may appear by the Arch- 
WAop'. register. 

Iksy. He complied for some years with King Edward^s Chichester. 
pnwsedings : but afterwards, for refusing to take down the 
4ltan in his diocese, he was deprived ; yet restored under 
Qoeen Mary, b^ng a zealous Papist. He told Bradford in 
prifion, who had charged him with departing from the re- 
finned Church in King Edward^s days, ^^ that he was but 
^a young man, and then, coming from the University, he 
^ went with the world, but it was always against his con- 
^ science.^ Under Queen Mary, he was one of the commis- 
sioiierB fxx trying, judging, and sentencing the Protestant 
divines, and other professors of religion. 

Scory. An hearty embracer and furtherer of reUgion : 
he had been Archbishop Cranmer^s chaplain, and one of 
the six preachers in Canterbury. A married miin. He 
BUide some compUances under Queen Mary ; but 
fled abroad, and was an exile, till he returned under 


BOOK Elizabeth, and was placed by her, not in Chidiester agnn, 
' but over the diocese of Hereford. 

Rochester. Ridley. '\ Afterwards translated to other dioceses, u 
Poynet, > above is shewn; and the diocese renudned 
Scon/. J void for near two years. 

Oxford. King. He was first a monk of Rewly, or Royal-lieu, netr 

Oxford ; then abbot of Bruem in Oxfordshire ; after abbot 
of Thame ; and lastly, abbot of Oseney : who surrendering 
those reli^ous houses, or some of them, to King Henrj 
VIII. was rewarded by being constituted the first bishqp d 
Oxford, having been suf&agan bishop of Reon, and called) 
commonly, bishop of Thame, where he had been abbot, and 
probably lived. He passed through all the changes under 
King Henry, King Edward, and Queen Mary, and died to^ 
wards the latter end of her reign. 

Peterbargh. Chombre. There were two John Chambres, contemn 
porary, and both eminent, and in holy orders ; one a doctor 
of physic, bred in Merton college, Oxon, where he was sue-' 
cessively fellow and warden, and one of King Hcawy's 
physicians in ordinary, and that signed a letter, with fitfe 
others of the said King's physicians, writ to the Coundl, 
concerning the dangerous condition of Queen Jane, after the 
• birth of Prince Edward ; there styling himself ^?ri^^. He 
was dean of St. Stephen'^s, Westminster, archdeacon of 
Bedford, and one of the famous convocation, anno 153^ 
when the Articles of Religion were framed, and then signed 
himself Johcmnes Chambre Divi Stephani DecanuSy et Bed- 
Jbrd. Arch. He died 1549. The other John Chambre WM 
bachelor in divinity, a Benedictine monk, bred up chiefly in 
466 Cambridge ; after made abbot of Peterburgh ; and having 
resigned the said abbey to the King, he was constituted the 
first bishop thereof: and died 1556. It was Grodwin's error, 
(and an easy error it was,) to confound both these Cham^ 
bres, supposing them to be one and the same person : whidi 
Mr. Anthony k Wood hath taken notice of. 

Bristol. Bush. This man also was governor of a religious bouse, 

and provincial of the order of religious men, called jffofi- 
homines^ and well skilled in physic, as well as divinity ; and 


wrote learned booka. He was married, and therefore de- CHAP. 
[Hived under Queen Mary. He was forced, though he op- ^^^^' 
posed it stiffly for a time, to comply with the iniquity of this 
age, and to part with a good manor belonging to the bi- 
sIk^c, in exchange with the King ; namely, the manor of 
U^ : which one Norton coveted, and obtained. 

JJdrich. A man of good learning. A complier through- Carlisle, 
^t this reign, though not well affected to the Reformation. 

Bird. About the year 1530 this man was sent to Bilney, Chester, 
thai in prison, to confer and argue with him. He was then 
pvovindal of the White Friars ; and then, or after, a suffira- 
gui in Coventry, where he was bom ; after, suffragan of 
Penrith; after, bishop of Bangor, and then of Chester. 
He was married, and therefore deprived under Queen Mary: 
but in her reign, suffragan to Bishop Boner, and vicar of 
Dumnow in Essex. 

Barlow. Of him somewhat before was said. He was the st. David's. 
Cng^s chaplain. When Stephen Gardiner, in the year 1528, 
AeQ the Eing^s secretary, commonly called Dr. Stephens, 
Wtt ambassador at Rome with the Pope, the King des- 
pitched this Barlow, then a canon of St. Osyth^s in £ssex, 
fith letters to him. . He was preferred to the priory of 
Haverford West by Queen Anne Bolen. When he was 
IMiop of St. David's, in the year 1637, he laboured with 
the Lord Cromwel, for the translation of the see to Carmar- 
then, and the disposing of Aberguilly college to Brecknock, 
die principal towns of South Wales; whereby provision being 
niadefor learning and knowledge in the Scriptures, the Welsh 
rudeness might have been framed into English civility, 
tnd their gross superstitions in religious worship rectified 
tnd reformed. He wrote several books against Popery : as, 
t treatise of the Burial of the Mass ; a Diahgue between 
Ae Gentleman and the Countryman ; the Climbing up of 
Friers, and Religious Persons, pourtrayed, with figures; 
I Description of GocCs Word, compared to the light : also a 
Dialogue, inveighing especially against St. Thomas of Can- 
letbiiry ; but this was never printed. 

Ferrar. A real professor, and friend to the Reformation, 


BOOK once a chfiplain to the Duke of Som^set. He ww ooe d 
^^' the King's viators in the first year of his reign, and ow of 
the preachers in that visitation. A married man. \JviuBpffj 
in the contest some of his church raised against him, Av 
their own ends, to stop his episcopal visitation of thaH! 
whereby he was the less able to take care of eollectu^ nl 
returning of the tenths of his clergy ; and so was cast into 
prison by the Council for the Eing^s debt. And under Qtieefl 
Mary, who found him in the Tower, martyred in the flamei) 
for adhering to the gospel. He left children. 
4Q*j Kitchin, alias Ihsngtan. This man, aoomxiing to tin 

Landaff. practice of several others of the pojnshly aflfected bishepl 
under King Edward, made a grievous ¥ra6te and i^xmI of I , 
very wealthy Inshojuic. He was the only bishop under 
Queen Mary that continued in his bishopric, and O0m|^ 
with the changes under Queen Elizabeth. 

Bangor. BuOcley. He sat bishop from the year 1541 to the jett 

1555, that is, in three princes reigns. He was blind soni 
time before his death : being suddenly struck with IXaA 
ness, as though it had been some judgment upon him tot 

St. Asaph. Parfew^ alias WarUm, Well affected to Popery. Qw 
abbot of fiermondsey in South wark. He made a spcnl of Ui 
bishopric by long leases. Under Queen Mary he was tnms- 
lated to the see of Hereford. 


A catalogue of divers Utters^ orders of Council^ commk' 
sums J Sfc. sent and given out in this reign : collected ani 
preserved by John Fox. 

Jl or the conclusion of these collections of this reign, to kt 
in some further sure light thereinto, spedally as to the ecdfr* 
siastical state thereof, and to make up any defects in some of 
the foregoing relations, I shall here subjoin a catalcgoe of 
letters, orders of Council, commis^ons, and other authentic 


xi«d« of tbiB time, exemplified by Fax in his ninth book CHAP. 
Acts and Monuments* Fox is the storehouse, I am only 1 

e index, to point thereunto. 

I. A letter missive of Boner, bishop of London, to the 
ishop of Westminster, for the tenor of the Archbishop^s 
Iter, for aboUshing of candles, ashes, pahns, and other ce- 
»mu68. Dated Jan. S3, 1 548. 

S. A letter of the Council, sent to the Archbishop of 
anterbury, for abolishing images. Dated Feb. 11, 1548. 

5. Boner^ biaiiop of London, his letter sent with the 
uchlnshop^s mandate to the Bishop of Westminster, for 
htlnhtng images. Dated Feb. SO, 1548. 

4. Letters misdve from the Council to the bishops of 
le land, concerning the communion to be ministered in 
oA kinds. Dated March 13, 1548. 

6. A letter directed from the King^s Council to Boner, 
Uiop of London, for abrogating private masses, namely, 
he Apostles^ mass, within the church of St. Paulas, used 
mder the name of the Apostles^ communion. Dated June 

6. A letter of the said Bishop to the dean and canons 46*8 
^entiaries, prebendaries, sub-dean, and ministers of the 
•Boe diurch, to the same import. Dated June S6, 1549. 

T. The Lord Chancellor Riches speech in the Star-cham- 
ber, to the justices of the peace, for the advancement and 
setting forward of the King^s godly proceedings. 

& A letter from the King and Council to Boner, bishop 
3f London, partly rebuking him of negligence, and partly 
ivgmg him, to see to the better setting out of the Service- 
Book within his diocese. Dated July S3, 1549. 

ft. Bishop Boner's letter to the Dean and Chapter of St. 
W's, in pursuance of the letter abovesaid. Dated July 


10. Certain private injunctions and articles, in number 
tf given Aug. 11, 1549, to Bishop Boner by the Council, 
be followed and observed by him. 

II. The articles of the commons of Devonshire and Com- 
il, wnt to the King, anno 1549. 


BOOK 18. A message sent by the Kings's Majesty to obtain ^ 
 the people assembled in Devonshire. Given at Bidunott 

July 8, in the third of his reign. 

IS. The Council to Sir Anthony Cook, and the rest o 
the commissioners for the visitation at London, conoenubf 
Bishop Boner^s recantation, made before them, of his pi^ 
testation at the receiving of the injunctions and haaSaa, 
Dated Sept. 12, 1647. 

14. The form of Boner^'s recantation. 

15. The copy of the King''s commission sent down fir 
the examination of Boner, Sept 8, 1549* 

16. The tenor and form of Boner^s protestation, exhiUtod 
to tiie King^s commissioners at his first appearing. 

17. A certain declaration or interpretation of the IjDg} 
touching certain points and doubts in his former connoii* 
sion, with licence given to the commissioners, as well to de- 
termine as to hear the case of Boner. Dated Sept 17. 

18. Boner'^s recusation of the judgment of Sir Thomai 

19. The first appellation intimated by Boner, Inshopof 

20. The second recusation made by the said bishop. 

21. Bishop. Boner^s letter to the Lord Mayor and Alder- 
men of London, charging them not to be abused with 
naughty preachers at PauPs. Dated Sept. 16, 1549. 

22. Boner^s declaration before the commissioners. 

23. His supplication to the Lord Chancellor of En^and, 
with the rest of the Privy Council, from the Marshabe^y 
complaining of his imprisonment by the commisdooei^ 
Dated October 7, 1549. 

24. Sententia deprivationis lata contra Eadmund. Loi^ 
don. Episcopum. 

25. Boner^s appeal in words from the sentence defimtive. 

26. Boner^s supplication to the Lord Chancellor, and ^ 
rest of the Council, complaining of the commisoonefi* 
Dated October 26, 1549. 

27. The heads of another supplication to the King fioa 
the said Boner, desiring his Majesty'^s letter of stiper^edttiii 


guodst the caHunianoners ; and that the matter might be CHAP. 
e«rd before the Council. J^^^"' 

S8. The King and Council^s letter to Nicolas, bishop of 469 
UmmIod, for taking down of altars in churches. Dated 
Nov. S\ 1550. With certain reasfcms why the L<»rd''s board 
should rather be ajpter the form of a table, than of an altar. 

80. The Lady Mary to the Protector, and the rest of 
the Council, concerning her confonoitj to the King^s jnto- 
oeedings. Dated June S2, 1549. 

. M. A remembrance of certain matters appointed by the 
Council to be declared by Dr. Hopjton to the Lady Mary\ 
Cnipe, for answer to her former letter. Dated June 14, 
[S4,] 1549. 

$1. The Lady Mary to the Liord Protect^nr, and the rest 
Mthe Council. Dated June 37, 1549. 

St The 3EQng'8 Majesty^s letter to the Lady Mary. 
Bated Jan. 24, 1550. 

88. The Lady Mary to the King^s most excellent Ma- 
pty. Dated Feb. 3. 

. 84. The Lady Mary to the Lords of the Council, Dec. 
4, 1560. 

35. The Council to the Lady Mary, Dec. 25. 

86. The Lady Mary to the Lords of the Council, May 

37. The Council to the Lady Mary, May 6, 1551. 

38. The Lady Mary to the CouncU, May 11. 

80. The CouncU to the Lady 3f ary, May 27, 1551. 

40. The Lady Mary to the L<M*ds of the Council, June 

tt. The Council to the Lady Mary, June 24, 1551. 

42. The Lady Mary to the King^s Majesty, Aug. 19. 

48. The King to the Lady Mary, Aug. 24. 

44^ The King^s Majesty^s instructions concerning their 
iiessage to the Lady Mary, given to the Lord Chancellor, 
Sir Anthony Wyngfield, and Sir William Petre, Aug. 24. 

45. A writ or evidence touching the ord^ and manner of 
the misdemeanour of Stephen, bishop of Winchester, witli 
dedaration of the faults wherewith he was justly charged. 

VOL. II. PAurr II. N 


BOOK 46. A letter of the Bishop of Winchester to Mr. Vaugl 
of Portsmouth, concerning pulling down certain images 

that town. Dated May 3, 1647. 

47. Divers letters of the Protector to that Bishop, a 
of that Bishop to the Protector, dated from South wark a 
Winchester, 1647. 

48. The Bishop of Winchester to Ridley, contidni 
matter and objections against a certain sermon of his, ma 
at Court. 

49. The tenor and copy of a letter sent from the Dn 
of Somerset to the Bishop of Winchester, touching sai 
points as the said Bishop should entreat of in his sermc 
Dated June 98, 1648. 

60. A letter sent to the Bishop of Winchester, sign 
by the King, and subscribed by the Council, togeth 
with certmn articles for him to subscribe. Dated July 

61. The sequestration of the Bishop of Winchester. 

62. The appeal of the said Bishop before the senten 

63. The sentence definitive against him. 

54. A letter of the Lord Protector to the Lord Ru9« 
lord privy seal, concerning troubles working against hii 
Dated Oct. 6, 1649. 

55. The Lord Protector to the Council at London, Oi 
7, 1649. 

470 S6. The Eing'^s letter to Sir Henry Amcotts, lord mayo 
and Sir Rowland Hill, mayor elect, and to the aldenw 
and citizens of London, to levy men to attend upon hi 
and his uncle the Protector. ' Dated Oct. 6, with the ft 
tector^s name subscribed. 

67. The Lords^ letter to the mayor, aldermen, and dtisei 
of London, for a supportation of armed men against tl 
Protector. Dated also Oct. 6, 1649. 

58. Articles objected against the Lord Protector. 

69. An epistle of young Prince Edward to the Archb 
shop of Canterbury, his godfather. 

60. Another eptstie of the same to the same. 


61. The answer of the Archbishop to Prince Edward^s CH&P. 
pbtle. ^^^"- 

62. Dr. Cox, the Princess schoolmaster, to the Archbi- 
hop of Canterbury, concerning the Prince''s proficiency. 

63. The prayer of King Edward before his death. 
From all which may be collected ample matter for a fur- 
ther illustration of the state of affairs in this King^s reign. 


Animadversions upon Sir John Hayward^s life and rdgn 

of King Edward VL 

As I have in several places of the foregoing history taken Posterity 
occasion to correct some errors or defects in Sir John Hay- imposed 
ward's book; so I cannot conclude my collections of thisy,P**'\»'*f'[ 
Aing, without some few more animadversions thereon : and be misre- 
that out of that private love I bear to the truth of history, P'^«'«"**^- 
aod that public concern that inspires me with a care of pos- 
terity; and that it be not (as it is too much) imposed upon 
with falsehood : and that those that are long since dead, be 
oot represented quite different from what indeed they were, 
and that, too often, to the diminishing of their reputation 
to posterity. 

Hayward'^s style and language is good, and so iis his fancy Hayward's 
too; only he makes too much use of it for an historian : [^|^, '^ 
whidb puts him somedmes to make speeches for others ^|J«<*^ ^'"5 
which they never spake, nor perhaps thought on : there ispr. i630.* 
one made for the King, upon his reflection on the loss ofP*^^^* 
Us unde the Duke of Somerset, too wise and too deep for 
(t child-king to think or utter. It is another imperfection 
ui cKir author, that he shewed himself too partial, seldom 
speaking well of the Reformation, nor of the chief rrformers, 
cqpedally those of the clergy, as of Goodrack, bishop of Ely, 
L«tymer, sometime bishop of Worcester, and Cranmer, 
ttchbishop of Canterbury: against the two last whereof 
c^iedally be shot out his arrows, even bitter worde^ and 

" n2 


BOOK fflamed such characters of them, as, if tnie^ would h&ve reo- 
^' dered them very evil men. His pen is, for the most put) 
dipped in vinegar and gall, giving sharp and ill descripdoDS 
4^1 of men generally, and making the r^gn to run altogedief 
upon intrigue and ill design ; and that, however fdaufflU^ 
things outwardly appeared, other matters were drove at 
And lastly, it is a &ult in him, that he wrote a history "with- 
out any chronology, and leaves his reader to grope for the 
knowledge of the time, and the months and years whereia 
the respective things fell out. The want of whidi spoBs 
the beauty and evidence of hist(»y, and makes the notkes 
of things confused and uncertain. 
The au- The authors he is beholden to, for assisting him with the 

him used, materials of his history, are four especially. The first is 
Patten^s account of the expedition into Scotland by the Ddce 
of Somei^et, in the first year of the King ; (which author ii 
transcribed intx> Holinshed, whence, I suppose, he had it;) 
and that is the reason he is so large aiid particular in tint 
afiair : but that autiior assists him no further than when 
that expedition aided. His second assistant is Holinshed^t 
History ; which he often transcribes, and sometimes menk 
the speeches which he meets with there, by his own fancy 
and additions. His third author is King Edward himsdf) 
in his excellent Journal; which, it seems, he had the penufll 
Page s. of, by the favour of Sir Robert Cotton ; and so he acknow- 
ledges. But this Journal, containing but short and imperfect 
notiioes of things that fell out, our author hath taken too 
much liberty sometimes to fill up and add unto them bj 
his o#n mere conjectures, confidently related as matten 
of truth ; which yet sometimes prove mistakes And when 
the Journal is at an end, (for it concludes in Npvembel 
16653,) his history is well near ended too ; though there wer 
eight months between that and the King's death. Th 
fourth auth€n*'he makes use of is Nicolas Sanders, De Schim 
Aii^icamo; a most profligate fellow, a very slave to th 
Roman, see, and a sworn enemy to his own country, carin 
not what he writ, if it might but throw reproach and dii 
enough upon the reforming kings and princes, the refom 


en and the Refonnation. From this man he ventures to CHAP. 


take some things that he sets down in his book, scurrilous 
and fidse ': but as for records, registers, manuscript letters, 
to improve or justify his history, and to present his readers 
with some new things, and unknown before, he offers no- 
thing thence. 

This fot the faults of the histpry in general. I proceed 
wm to make scnne particular remarks and observations 
upon some passages in it : yet prefacing this before I begin, 
Aat I do not this out of any prejudice or vainglory, or 
love of contenti(») or contradiction, or any other ill end, (for 
I know mine own imperfections,) but for the sake of truth 
(mly, and to contribute my ^poor mite towards the maintain- 

Page 1. Hayward writes. King Edward was born the The day of 
17th day of October, 1637.] Whereas, according to Cooper, b'rth^'"^'" 
Stow, Holinshed, the Lord Herbert, and theljest histo- First edit. 
Bans, the 12th, being the eve of St. Edwaixi, was the ^ay of 
Us Inrth. 

P. eadem. He writes, that all reports constantly ran, that Not cut out 
Usmother^s body was opened for his birth, and that shether's 
died of the incision the fourth day following.] This, I make^^°*^« 
no quei^n, was a popish invention at first, and the report 
ioon became current among that pM*ty, out of ill-will to King 
Heniy, to render him cruel, and the Prince his son unluck- 
ily born. Sanders, as far as I can see, first gave out the 
story, who writes, that when the Queen was in hard labour, 472 
tkey asked the King whose life they should save, the Queerfs 
« the young infantas ; and he answered, " he could very 
"easily have more wives." But neither Cooper, in his Epitome 
of Chronicles, nor HoUnshed, nor the Lord Herbert, say a 
vord of this. And Bishop Burnet mentions original letters 
Id the Cottcoi library, that shew how the Queen was well 
ddivered of the Prince, and died in childbed the next day, 
<v rath^, two days after, according to HoUnshed and 
Herbert, and our other best historians. Those letters are 
^emplified by Dr. Fuller in his Churdi History : the one Book yU. 



BOO K from the Queen herself, the other from her physicians: both 
*'• wrote to the Council. 

Cox and P. 3. He speaks of the instructors of the young Prince; 

instructon. namely, Dr. Cox and Mr. Cheke.] But he leaves out Sir 
Anthony Cook, who was also a great guide of his leamiog 
and manners in those early years of his. 

Moreover, of Cox and Cheke he asserts, that they were 
of mean birth, and that they might be well said to be bom 
of themselves.] As for the former, I can say but httle; ody 
that one of both his names, viz. Richard Cox, was an emi- 
nent citizen and skinner of London, and buried at St Aus- 
tin'^s church, anno 1467, where he had a monument As 
for Cheke, his family was ancient, and of good wealth. I 
find one Margaret Cheke undpr King Ridiard III. vbo 
granted her a licence to found a chantry, with one priest 
in the parish church of Long Ashton, nigh Bristol ; which 
bespake her a woman of quahty and wealth. This Cheke 
was sprung from the Chekes 'of the Isle of Wight: the 
antiquity of which family is traced as far upward as 
King Richard the Second^s time, when a Cheke married a 

Eccicsiast. daughter of the Lord Mountague'^s ; as Dr. Fuller teaches 
us, who also takes notice of this error of our author. 

Upon Cheke^s learning also he casts a blur, when he sajs, 
that for his other' sufficiencies, beddes skill in Latin oA 
Greek, he was pedantic enough, as appears by his books.] 
I believe Sir John Hay ward saw only three books written 
by him, and scarcely them, (no more of his, 1 think, being" 
ever published,) viz, his translation of two oraticms of St 
Chrysostom, that then first saw the light ; his letters to 
Bishop Gardiner, concerning the true viray of pronoundng 
Greek, wrote in Latin ; and his True Subject to the Rebel, 
in English ; which no man can depart from the reading of. 
but with very high opinion of Cheke''s great ingenuity and 
learning. He was a man of great reading, ah excell^ 
Platonist and philosopher ; one of the first restorers of goa 

Epist dedic. polite learning in Cambridge. Dr. Thomas Wylson, seen 

Cecyi, be- tary of state to Queen Elizabeth, and his contemporary i 


the University, who well knew him, called him, " that rare CHAP. 
*Meamed man, and singular ornament of the land.*" Much ^^^^^^* 
more might be said of the worth of the man, if this were a fore hb 

1 translation 

P"*** ofDemo8t. 

P. 4. Great preparations were made, after he was nine o™** 
years old, for the creating or declaring him Prince of Wales, f^^JJjJn**'* 
Duke of Comwal, and Count Palatine of Chester.] The p. 494. 
Lord Herbert writes, this Prince was miade so six days after 
Hb birth : at which time there was a creation of two other 
eads, viz. the Earls, of Hertford and Southampton. But 
tliis, indeed, Hayward took out of the King's Jourtial, that 
qpeaks of the great preparations for it when he was about, 
that age. But he, as doubting of the Princess creation now, 473 
added, or declaring him so to be. 

IKd. The Earl of Hertford and Sir Anthony Brown The King, 
were despatched from the Council, to fetch the King, then Hertford or 
lying at Hertford.] This Ukewise he had from the Journal. Hatfield. 
fiiHt Holinshed makes the place of the King^s present resi« 
dence now to be, not Hertford, but Hatfield, 

P. 6. A few days after th^ King^s coronation, the EarlTheEariof 
of Southampton was not only removed from his office of ton dis- ' 
chancellor, but from his place and authority in Council.] ^^^^^Tf*^** 
This he hath verbatim from Holinshed ; but both he and 
his author must be understood warily here, so as not to 
mean that he was removed .from being a privy counsellor, 
but from that authority he had at the board before: for 
tbi»Earl was not removed from being a counsellor till the 
fimrth of the King, at Candlemas, when he and the Earl of 
Arundel were both put out, as Holinshed himself writes. P« >o^*- 

P. 7. He writes, that Archbishop Cranraer was violent Archbishop 
with the King, by persuasions and entreaties, to seal the^^^^^^j/ 
warrant for the execution of Joan Butcher, an Arian : and 
by his importunity prevailed with the King, who told the 
said Archbishop, he would lay the charge thereof upon him 
before God. And then the author adds his conjecture here- 
ipon, that it might be Cranmer'*s importunity of blood, 
vhereby that woman was burnt, that he himself afterwards 
elt the smart of fire.] This passage, whether it be true or 

N 4 


BOOK tio, I cannot tell. The King mentioneth nothing of i 
^'* hia Journal, only that she wa« burnt tor her obstinar 

her heresy : and the character is utterly disagredng i 
Cranmer^s spirit ; for none was more tender of blood 
he; none more pitiful and compassionate: nor was 1 
man for rigorous methods and violent courses. In 
Fox mentions, that the Council put Cranmer upon mo 
the King to sign this warrant ; which was a sign he ha 
great f(»rwardness to it himself: and in obedience tol 
he did labour with the King about it, and obtained it 
though he did this, it neither argued videnee^ nor f# 
tumtffjbr blood : for as he was not present at her ccnk 
nation, as appears by the Council-Book, so he may be 
eluded to have had no desire of her death, though 
warrant by his means was ragned for her execution* 
thoughts, I am apt to think, were, that this fear of d 
which she saw so near, might serve to reclaim her fron 
error, when his and other learned men'^s reasonings 
her, being both ignorant and obstinate, were iiieffe^ 
So that this you must look upon as another strain of ] 
ward'^s pen, and good-will to churchmen. 
Duke of p. 15. He saith, the Duke of Somerset was a man 
name esteemed, either for wisdom, or person, or courage in ai 
wronged, ffj^g wroDg this author hath done the name of this : 
Duke to posterity, by this and such like characters rf 
interspersed through his book, I have endeavoured to i 
See chap, in these Collections. And he that shall but read (or 
n. an in. j^^ ^^ same paragraph where these undervaluing word 
bestowed upon the Duke, will find the author conft 
The altera- P. 43, 44. He blames the counsels as unadvised, 
in religion. Were taken for alterations, both in respect of religicna 
enclosures ; because of the danger thereof in the tiew ] 
of the young King: and says, that some respect sli 
.474 have been given to those green times. And that as to 
gion, though King Henry VIII. passed the like chang 
fore, yet Uiat example was not then to be followed 
King being not equal either in spirit cm* power.] 1 


were the very considerations that Biishop Gardiner and the CHAP. 
Papists in those times used with the Protector, and others ^^^^^^' 
of the Council, for the continuance of the popish religion. 

He dislikes the Protector^s proclamation for laying down And j>ro. 
mdasures by a certain day : which, he saith, being^ not obey- ^lamation 

J ^ J ' 7 o J against 

ed, gave occasion to the multitude to make tumults.] In enclosures, 
troth, the enclosures themselves, whereby vast numbers of j][^y^^7 
poor people had the food taken out of their mouths by the 
lieh, were the causes of tumults. The proclamation was 
but just and reasonable, to redress such wrongs done to the 
fing* pocNT subjects. 

P. 45. He seems to disapprove of the injunctions that And the 
were set forth in the beginning of the Eing^s reign, for re-^°^"" *^"*' 
Boving images out of the churches, and for abolishing some 
ceremonies ; because the people stood so affected towards 
them.] If such regard were to be had to the pleasing of 
tbe people, why should they not be as well regarded in the 
natter of enclosures, which he expresses himself much for ? 
ftit herein, whatsoever of a politician our author shewed 
himself, surely but an indifferent Protestant. If it were 
ground sufficient, not to reform religion, because it would 
pre distaste to the superstitious people, religion must never 
he reformed : but in truth, vast were the numbers of people 
' Aroughout this land, especially the most civilized parts of 
it) that at this time of day did earnestly desire a reforma- 
tioD in the worship of images, and the use of superstitious 

P. 46. He makes the commitment of Bishop Boner, Bi- Bishops 
sh(^ Grardiner, Bishop Tonstal, and Bishop Hethe, to be^ndwiiy. ^ 
d in the first year of the King.] Boner indeed endured a 
jfcort restraint in the Fleet then, but that which may be 
truly called his imprisonment, happened but in September 
1840, Hethe^s the same year, Tonstal''s not before the year 
1861. And only Ga^diner^s happened in the King^s first 
jeuy thou^ he were put at liberty again not long after. 
Nlor was Boner put into prison for refusing the King^s injunc- 
tions, as Hayward asserts, to make Boner^s merits look the 
gveater, for be did receive them, though under a 


BOOK tion; but the true reason was, because be did not puM 
in a sermon the King^s authority during his minority, as he 

was commanded. But hitherto, having recanted before the 
Council, for the ill manner of his receiving the injunctioDS 
and homilies from the King^s visitors, he went along inth 
the King^s proceedings, swore obedience to the King, pio* 
fessed his assent and consent touching the state of religion 
then settled, directed out his letters, according to the Arch- 
bishop^s precepts for abolishing images, abrogaticm of the 
mass, setting up Bibles in churches, &c. Neither was Gtf- 
diner'^s imprisonment this first year qf the Sang, as thb 
author asserts, because he preached that it were well these 
changes in religion should be stayed uU the King were of 
years, but for his refractoriness, to the King'^s proceedings. 
His second imprisonment indeed was occasioned by a ser? 
mon which he preached on St. Peter's day, in the second 
year of the King ; not for preaching that the changes in le- 
Ugion should be stayed, but for omitting to speak of sevenl 
matters comn^iitted to him in writing, by command of the 
475 Council : as, concerning the usurped power of the Bishcf 
of Rome, the superstitions used towards St. Nicolas and 
other saints, concerning the authority of the King in his 
minority, concerning auricular confession, and some other 
things. Hethe was committed for refusing to subscribe the 
new book of ordinations. Nor was Hethe now bishop rf 
Rochester, as our author names him, but of Worcester. 
He leaves out Day, bishop of Chichester, whom he might 
have mentioned among the rest of the said bishops com- 
Reciting P. 47. He holds the setting down acts of Parliament in 

lia^eDt^*' history to be fruitless, and improper for a " true carried 
whether fit « history,"'' as he expresses it ; though he confesseth, a noUe 
writer esteemed it a maim in history not to recite them.] 
And surely that noble writer, whoever he were, was right 
And this was the practice of that noble historian the Lore 
Herbert, and that complete historian Mr. Camden. Aw 
certainly that must be but an imperfect history, howeve 
t,rue carried he fancies it, that shall take little or no notic 


rftbe great and public transactions that pass through the chap. 

Y Wl If 

chief and high Council of the nation, consisting of the peers, 
ttid wisest and wealthiest of the commons, assembled toge- 
ther in their Parliaments. 

P. 82. He suggests, that the Lord Sudley dissented froiji L. Sudiey, 
his brother the Duke of Somerset'*s opinions.] That is, in papigt. 
other words, that he was a Papist. No such thing appears 
ia history, but rather, that he was of the religion now pro- 
68Bed and countenanced : for one of his last requests, when 
he had the message sent to him to prepare for death, was, 
that his daughter might be committed to the care of the 
Duchess of Suffolk, a fast Protestant ; and another was, that 
Mr. Latymer might be sent to him, to asi^st him with his 
counsel, and prayers; who would not have been a ghostly 
&ther fit for his turn, had he been a Papist. 

Ibid. He makes the first cause of dissolving the knot of HU fail, 
the two brothers^ love, tiz. of the Duke and the Lord Ad- 
' nural, to proceed from the Duchess : and that she rubbed 
mtothe Duke^s dull capacity, as he unhandsomely reflects 
on that great peer, that his brother sought to take away his 
Hfe, and to attain his place.] And, 

P. 83. That the Duk€ at length yielding himself to her. The Duke 
M devise his brother's destruction. And that being con- ^j^u^J^^ 
demned by act of Parliament, within a few days after, a 
warrant was sent under his brother'^s hand for his execution. 
And lastly, that the accusations against him consisted of 
frivolous or pitiful matters.] By all this account of this 
lord's fell, he is represented to have come unjustly by his 
death, by the unnatural acting of his brother against him : 
and that he was set on to all this mischief, like a weak man, 
by his wife. This, if it were true, layeth a most heavy im- 
putation upon the Duke : but surely he was no Such man 
«8 he is here delivered down to be : he had better morals 
and more religion than this came to. The Admiral was 
certainly an evil man, turbulent, and full of ambitious de- 
signs, from the be^nning of this King's reign. And his 
brother the Duke did often advise him, and earnestly dis- 


BOOK suade him from his dangerous courses, and used all die 
^^' fairest means with him, pardoning what was past, and (thit 
he might meet with his high mind) gratifying him with 
possessions, and the high and honourable office of Icnrd ad^ 
miral. Yet was he continually practising after this; he 
4>^g raised soldiers, and threatened he would make the Uaekeri 
, Parliament that ever wa^ in England, He is suspected fee 
have poisoned his wife, that excellent woman Queen Ka- 
tharine, that, being single, he might make his addressee 1» 
the Lady Elizabeth, the Eing^s raster. So that, in fine, dii 
Parliament did judge these things to be a traitorous 9sspt» 
ing to the crown. And surely Sir John Hay ward had never 
read the act of Parliament, whereby timt Lord was ^ 
tainted, to term his accusations to he JHvoUm^ er pit^ 
matters. But I refer the reader to the fifteenth chapter rf 
these Memorials, for further satisfaction about the justice of 
this lord'^s death. Indeed it doth appear, that his brother^ 
with the rest of the Council, signed the warrant for his exe- 
cution. But I am so far from believing that his death wsi 
acceptable to him, that surely it was^ thing went very neer 
him, out of that natural love and afiection that he ever 
shewed to have had for him. 

And verily afl this is the less to be credited, viz. the 

controversy between the two wives for^recedency, and the 

Duchess of Somerset s setting her husband upon this mis* 

chief, because it is taken from lying Sanders, or, at the best, 

from vulgar report. 

TheAdmi- Ibid, He speaks of the AdmiraPs protestation at the 

rai's ill life, point of his death ; and that the open course and carriage 

of his life cleared him in the opinion of many.]* What hie 

. protestations were, I know not, nor do I know any histcfy 

that relates them ; any more than that Stow writ, that he 

took it on his death, that he had never committed nor 

meant treason to the King or realm. The contrary to which 

his deeds declared ; and he confessed himself, in the Tower, 

that he would have had the government of the King^s per* 

son. But the course and carriage of his life, I am sure, 


xnald not clear him, havinfic durinf: all this rekn lived so CHAP. 

. . . XXVIII. 

known a turbulent and vicious life >. 1 

Then follows another most vile insinuation against the 

Protector, and the said reverend father and martyr, Hugh 

Latjmer ; viz. that he was set up by the said Protector, an 

bttrument to preach false stories to the people, to take off 

die odium of the Lord Admiral^s death, in these words : 

P. 83. Dr. Latymer, pretending all the gravity and sin^ Latymer 
Ottity of a professed divine, yet content to be serviceable to ' *" ^^^ ' 
gvett men^s ends, declared, in a sermon before the King, 
diat while the Lord Sudley was a prisoner in the Tower, 
he wrote to the Lady Mary and the Lady Elizabeth, that 
they should revenge his death. He adds, that Latymer cast 
fath many other imputations, most doubted, many known 
to be untrue. And then from this story the author taken 
ooQBflion to express his cankered mind against men in holy 
oders, in these words : ^^ Some theologians have been em- 
" ployed to defile places erected only for religion and truth, 
"hy defending oppressions and faction; distaining their 
^'profesaon, and the good arts which they have learned, by 
^'publidbing odious untruths, upon report and credit of 
" others.''] As though they were a mercenary, base sort of 
oen, that, however sacred their office is, would be hired to 
ke the trumpets of other men's Ipng inventions, for the 
better deceiving of the people. This author going thus out 
of bis road, that he might give a lash to the theologians, as 
Recalls them, shews his good-will to that order of men.' But ^77 
tor^um to Lat}nner. 

Thus doth our author what lay in his power to render Vindicated. 
^ grave and good man, and constant martyr for religion 
Mi truth, to be a public liar in the pulpit, to do a piece of 
Mmoe to the Duke. And he, that chose to die rather than 
^ rtibeciibe or acknowledge that to be true, which he 

^tkos Latymer concerning him, in one of his sermons before the King: 

''Hut when the good Queen, his wife, bad daily prayers before and after 

" noon in her boose, the Admiral would get him out of the way. And that he 

" was a coTetons, an ambitious, and seditious man, and a contemner of cfun- 

* mmkfnBftr,'* 



goes witb 

BOOK thought to be false, is made such a profligate wretdi, lAi 
^^' fully and openly to promulgate, before so solemn an assem- 
bly, uncertainties and downright lies. 

Hay ward seems indeed to go hand in hand with Sanden^ 
to defame this reverend man ; who, speaking of LatynKr, 
^ves him this broad compliment. His apoB&eship conAM 
in lying; and then t^lls this story of him : That aftar the 
Duchess had invented the mischief against the Admital, 
the Protector went and dealt with Latymer, that he sh^ 
in his sermon traduce him before the people for a tni- 
tor. And that accordingly Latymer readily undertook it^ 
and soon after in the pulpit tdd a tale of, I- know not 
what, snares preparing against the King'^s Majesty by ^ 
Admiral; and therefore that he deserved death. So diit 
by this account the Duke and the divine are represaited 
as a coujde of bloody wretches, combining together to make 
an innocent man seem guilty of treason, and then cry out 
for execution against him. 

P. 85. The author here begins the relation of the Dokels 
first troubles ; wherein he follows, almost word toe word, 
Holinshed'^s history ; only framing two fine speeches ; one 
to be spoken by the Lord Rich, lord chancellor, to thtf 
mayor and citizens of London, whereof we have not aoy 
footsteps in history, as I can find ; the other to be delivered 
by George Stadlow, a grave citizen', to his fellow citizens: 
whose speech indeed we have in Holinshed; but our 
author is pleased to dress up and adorn it with much florid 
language, and several additions of his own : which seeoH 
more proper f6r a romance than an history. 

P. 94. Of Secretary Petre he gives this character, " who 
" under pretence of gravity, covered much untrustaness d 

heart"" An unfair character of a very wise and honeil 
and long experienced in the public affairs, withoil 
any spot that ever I could find ; except that he did comply 
with the changes of religion under the princes in whose 
reigns he served : which was a practice of a great nmxdber 
more besides himself. 

P. 101. Speaking of the Duke^ after his subscripdoQ to 

p. 86. 





the articles laid against him, and acknowledgment of his CHAP. 
ftult, and desire of pardon, our author thus gives his judg- xxviii. 
ment ; ^* assuredly he was a man of a feeble stomach, unable Whetherthe 
"to concoct a great fortune, prosperous or adverse: andof*afeebte 
** that he should have lost his life to preserve his honour : *?»"*• 
** and that he cast away life and honour together : and that, 
** as he thirsted after his brother^s blood, so others thirsted 
** after his.'^ Would a man of a cooler temper than our 
aathor have presently judged the Duke so impotent and 
feeble, and unable to govern himself? Would he not ra- 
Aer have considered the circumstances wherein he stood, 
and what powerful enemies combined together against him, 
and thirsted for his ruin ? The Duke might perhaps have 
been somewhat too hasty, if Sir John Hay ward had been 
Us counsellor, to have presently taken up arms, and ven-478 
tured life and honour together : and so might have lost 
bodi together, as in all probability he would, being so infe- 
Bor in strength to his adversaries, who were, in effect, all 
the Council, except one or two. The Duke undoubtedly con- 
ftdered this, and also the danger the King was and would 
bave been in, if this broil had proceeded further ; and the 
danger of religion too, to which many of the other side had 
IK) great favour; and who, upon the condition of their as- 
BBtance, would have made their terms : and it was not his 
feebleness therefore, but rather his caution and wisdom, that 
made him submit as he did, and ask pardon. As for his 
thirsdng after his brother'^s blood, it was a calumny, as I 
have mentioned before. 

P. 106. Sir John Mason, secretary of state.] He was not Sir John 
Kcretary of state, but secretary for the French tongue. ****"* 

P. 128. Having occasion to speak of the Marquis of Dor- The Duke 
tet, who was now raised to be Duke of Suffolk, according °^ ^^^' 
to his wont, he ogives this disparaging character of him ; " a 
^man for his harmless simplicity neither misliked nor 
'^much r^arded.**^] This nobleman was a great friend to 
tile Reformation, and a patron of learned men. I have seen 
letters of Bucer and BuUinger to him. And, which is in^ 
tead of all that can be said of hiin^ he was the father of a 


BOOK very admirable, though unfortunate woman, the Lady Jtfie 
Grey. He was no such domineerer or boutefeu as Nor* 

thumberland ; but surely was never the worse f<Mr that 
Sir Robert Ibid. But of all the ill characters our author gives of 
^^^^^f' men, none exceeds diat he bestows Upon Sir Bobert D«d- 
ley, the great Duke of Northumb^land^s son : whom he 
calls, *^ the true heir cf his father's hate againHpermmstf 
nobility, sxkdqfhiscurminff to dissemble the same. He wis 
afterwards,"*^ [he means under Queen Elizabeth, wh^ he 
was Earl of Leicester,] ^^ for lust and cruelty, a monster of 
*^ the Court, as apt to hate, so a most sure executioner of 
*' his hate, yet rather by practice than by open dea£ng, m 
^^ wanting rather courage than wit.^ And finally, he attxi* 
butes the King^s death to him.] It is true, this man m 
none of the best, but is r^resented commonly worse thai 
he was, especially by Parsons, in his boc^ entitled, LA* 
tester*^ Commonwecdth. Out of which Hayward hath takeft 
a character for Dudley : when other more wary men would 
hardly set down for truth what they read in that malidous 
book, and wrote by so envenomed an author. This chh 
racter must not h^ denied^im ; that he was a good soldier, 
a gallant courtier, and a favourer of learning. 
Marquis of P* 136. Of the Marquis of Northampton he had but a 
Northamp- Yaean opinion too, and set an ill mark upon him, as well a» 
he did upon the rest of the nobles of this King^s Court. Of 
this Marquis he saith, that when he was crossed, or conten- 
tious with any, he never replied to any answer : which, he 
said, was a manifest sign of no strong spirit.] It was a ma- 
nifest sign indeed of no contentious spirit, and that de- 
lighted not in fending and proving, as we say. But he 
means a meanness and lowness of spirit and coun^. I 
think it not so manifest a sign ; because sometimes this sptr- 
ingness of words, and slowness of replies, proceeds fixNn 
wisdom and discretion. But where he met with this account 
of the Marquis''s temper, I know not ; he was certainly abk 
enough to make replies, if he had pleased, being of a veij 
gay and florid fancy and wit. 
479 P* 137* He writes not like an historian, when he ^veaui 


nlame an account of the imprisonment of the Bishop of chap. 


Durham. He saith, " He was sent to the Tower for con- 1 

" cealment of I know not what treason, written to him, I B»sbop of 
" know not by whom, and not discovered until what shall I why 


** call the party, did reveal it.''] In the Journal, our author ^^^^^' 
met with the commitment of this Bishop for concealment of 
treascm. And because he had read no more particulars of 
it, he would hint as though his imprisonment were unjust, 
and would cast the imputation of it upon the state, as a 
piece of forgery and oppression. Whereas by the minutes 
m the Council-Book, and the Book of Warrants to the 
aeal, the particulars of this matter appear. 

Ibid,. Conceminfi: the reason of the Lord Rich's relin- Lord Rich, 
quishing the chancellorship, and the ill character given by Eiy.**** ** 
our author to the Bishop of Ely, that succeeded in that of- 
fice, I have spoken in the foregoing book. 

P. 144. The commission to thirty-two persons for fram- The com- 
ing a body of ecclesiastical laws, to be used in this king- framing^c- 
dom, he saith, took no effect.] It took effect so far, that a ci^iMtkai 
book of laws was drawn up, and completely finished, and 
wanted nothing but the King's confirmation; which his 
death, and some other causes, unhappily prevented. 

And the reason he gives why this took no effect was, be- 
cause of the number of the commissioners, and divers of 
them £ar remote, and others had great offices, that they 
could not afford meetings for so great a business. Also 
their differences of professions and ends necessarily raised 
difference in judgment.] But for remedying of all this, he 
might have known, that the King therefore issued out an- 
o&a: commission in October 1551, to eight persons only, 
leaving the work in their hands to finish. And the Arch- 
oiAop of Canterbury being one of these eight, knowing 
the great usefulness of the thing, hastened it, and in effect, 
linself completed it, as is shewn in the Memorials of Arch- 
faishop Cranmer. But indeed the true reason why this ex- 
ceOeot book, with so much study, and care, and consulta- 
tion, well framed, had not authority given to it, was, be- 
cause the nation, especially the great men,, could not endure 



BOOK ecclesiastical discipline. And so Cox, one of the eight con^ 
• missioners, wrote about this time to Bullinger, in the coune 
of his correspondence, *^ We hate those Htter institutiomof 
*^ Christian discipline.'*' 

The King's p. 155. The King's debts, he saith, were given forth to 
be at least ^1,000/.] The King's debts, anno 1551, owing 
at home and abroad, were in all 241,179/. 14«« lOd as iinej 

Chap. ix. are particularly set down in a paper of Secretary Cecfii, 
which may be seen before. 

And in the page before, he is setting down firom tb 
Journal an account of what the King had paid of the m<ni^ 
he took up at interest from abroad, namely, 68,0001. Fle- 
mish, paid in February, and 24,00W. in April.] Wheieas 
in the Journal, the last sum is 14,000/. Which two suns 
came to 77,000/. together. And so it is set down in the 
Journal. From which he varies again ; and instead d 
77,000/. writes 87,000/. wilfully, the better to cover his 
former mistake. 
480 P. 166. He errs again from the King's Journal. Fwrn 

master o?' ^^ich uow all along he does but copy, with some Uttle de- 

the rolls, scants of his own. He writes, that Beaumont, master of the 
rolls, lent above 700/. of the King's money.] Whereas in 
the King's Jounial it is 9000/. 

P. 173. He saith, the Duke of Northumberland, in the 
contrivance of the settlement of the crown upon the Lady 
Jane, used the advice of two persons especially, viz. the 
Lord Chief Justice Mountague, who drew the letters pa^ 
tents, and Secretary Cecyl : both which furnished the pa- 
tents with divers reasons, some of law, and some of pdicy 
in state.] Herein Sir John Hayward grossly wrongs the 
memory of both these gentlemen ; out of what design, I 
know not. 

Cecyl as- First, As for Cecyl, he was so far from assisting and 

sisted not j . i • • /» i 11 J\ 

in the new drawing up this mstrumeut of settlement, that he opposec 

^f*th™^°* it as much as he could, (and so Camden expressly saith;] 

crown; though he signed with the rest. Moreover, I have seenai 

apology oi his own drawing up about this matter. Whemt 

he writ, how he refused to subscribe the book, when norK 


cf the Council did refuse, whereby l^e incurred the indigna- CHAP, 
tion of the Duke of Northumberland. That he refused to ^^^"• 

make a proclamation, (which was for the proclaiming Queen 
Jane,) and turned the labour to Throgmorton. That he re- 
fused the writing of a letter to send abroad in the realm, for 
the shewing Queen Janets title. This he refused, because he 
would not write Queen Mary, bastard: , and the Duke 
viote it himself. That he avoided being present at the 
diawing up of the proclamation for the publishing of Janets 
title, though he were especially appointed thereunto. That 
he avoided answering of the Queen^s letters, which she 
wrote from Kenninghal to the Council, requiring their obe- 
dience. That he avoided likewise writing all pubhc letters 
to the realm upon Janets access to the crown. Moreover, 
that he practised with the Lord Treasurer to win the Lord 
Privy Seal, that he might by the Lord RussePs means 
cause Windsor castle to serve the Queen : and tliey two to 
levy the west parts for the Queen'^s service. That he opened 
himsdf to the Lord Admiral, whom he found thereto dis- 
posed. That he did the like to the Lord Darcy. That he 
purposed to have stolen down to the Queen'^s Highness, and 
Gosnold offered to lead him thither, because he knew not the 
way: and he had his horses ready at Lambeth for that pur- 
pose. That when he heard of this purpose first secretly, he 
disliked it, and fearing the event, conveyed away his lands, 
his goods, and his leases. All these things considered, who 
can think it true, that he furnished the settlement with ar- 
ticles taken £rom policy ? The most he did was to sign with 
the rest. Whidi also he did as a witness to King Edward^s 
hand, and not as an abettor or counsellor. 

This for Cecyl. Then for Sir Edward Mountague, the And Moan- 
loni chief justice, how he stood affected, and what he did in ^^^^^ 
this affair, may be seen by an original paper, drawn up by ^''''' 
that judge^s own hand, which his great grandchild, Kdward 
lord Mountague, of Broughton, communicated uuUj Dr ^hnnU 
Fuller. The sum of which was, that he, and the re^t i/f ih- "'J* ^ "" 
judges, told the King, that the bill of articles blMrwiil to 
them, according to which they should frame a brjok foi iitf 



BOOK settlement of the crown in the I^ady Jane, was directly 
against the act of succesinon: which was an act of Ptr- 

liament) and would be taken away by no such device. Bui 
481 when it was the King'^s absolute will, that a book should 
be made according to those articles, he took them. And 
the^next day, he and the rest concluded to do nothing; but 
to report to the Lords, that not only the executing of this 
device was treason after the King'*s death, but the mAsag 
of this device was presently treason : and so they did re^ 
port to the Council. And that the Duke of Northumbo^ 
land upon it was in a great fury, and called Sir Edward, 
traitor : and so he departed home, without doing any thing 
more. Afterwards Mountague received another letter frort 
the Council, to come to the Court, he, and some other of the 
judges and lawyers. And beiitg come, they were brought 
to the King ; who demanding, why they had not made the 
book, Mountague told the King the reason. And moreover*, 
that if they had, it were of no effect nor force, but uttettj 
void, when the King should decease : and that the statute 
of succession could not be taken away, but by the same a* 
thority that made it, and that was a Parliament ; and ad- 
vised the King, that all might be deferred to a Parliament. 
The King said, they should make it, and afterwards it 
should be ratified by Parliament. That divers of the liOrds 
then said, that if he and the rest refused now, they were 
traitors. So that, what with the Duke^s anger the day be- 
fore, and the King^s and other Lord'*s now, he was in thfe 
greatest fear that ever he was in all his life. And so at last, 
being an old man, and for safety of his life, he told the 
King, that he had served his father and his Highness dur- 
ing his life, and loath he would be to disobey his command- 
ment, and would for his own part obey it, so that he had 
his Highnesses licence and commission, under the great sealy 
for the doing of it, and when done, to have a general pardon. 
Both which were granted him. And he tad the rest made 
the device, as he writ, with sorrowful hearts and weepii^ 
eyes. And lastly, after he had done this, to shew how littte 
he approved of putting by the true succession, he sent his 


aoD to serve and asast Queen Mary with twenty men, with CHAP.. 
Other gentlemen of Buckinghamshire. By what is written • 
sufficiently appears, our author hath wronged the memory 
of these two worthy men, and wronged posterity also in im- 
posing upon their belief matters of falsehood. 
Sir John Hay ward in his lifetime was esteemed for his^*y*'^'f 

. . "^ . . 'sense of n» 

wntiDgs of English history: of which, what his own own writ- 
thoughts were may appear in his preface to a devout trea^*°^** 
tise of his, named DavicTs Tears j written when he was not His book 
brfrom the conclusion of his life, and printed annol6^.yid*tTean. 
^Qf mine own productions never any did fully content 
^'me; and the approbation of others is no warrant to my 
"own judgment, tender and severe in what I do. They*^ 
[his productions] " may happily be sprinkled over, but 
^ thoi:ou^ly died, i conceive, they are not. . In case any 
'thing is excusable in them, it is not in regard of them- 
' selves, but in comparison with some other formless, un- 
* sinewy writings. Whereto, notwithstanding, I find good 
'allowance to be given. Assuredly knowing mine own 
' ignorance and defects, I wonder much at the constant as- 
' surance of many others. But modesty forbids us to speak 
' good or evil of ourselves.'" This is his own sense of his 
writings, which he calls his productions. Wherein, first, 
he declared that he was not satisfied with them : whether 
ite were conscious of some wilful mistakes, or interpola- 
uoDs, or other deficiences in them, I know not. And 
perhaps he thought the best quality in them was his style 48^ 
wd language: which he seems to mean by their being 
VtinJcIed^over, and his partiality and neglect of truth, 
^Bo^ssat by his phrase of their not being thoroughly died. 
But how imperfect soever they were, secondly, he valued 
«em before other men'^s ; which, however well thought <mi 
hy^Jther readers, and by the authors themselves, yet, to his 
Htoet accurate eye, they w&cejbrndess cmd unsinezvy. And 
^Wigh in a seemingly modest fit he reckoned but meanly 
tf his productions, and knew his own ignorance and defects, , 
y^ his judgment he valued sufficiently, styling k, tender 
^ievere in what he did. 



BOOK In truth, his temper seemed not well qualified for an lus- 
torian, being touchy and morose, censorious, ooncdted, and 

Somecfaa- too much aspiring: which was the cause, in probaUlity, 
this writer. ^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^ enemies, so he wanted interest enough to 
overpower them that opposed him and his advancement, 
and that intercepted him in it : so that he fell short of his ex- 
pectation of some things he aimed at, and thought his me- 
rit deserved. And so in his old age he gave himself to re- 
tirement in some discontent, and there wrote his DavU^s 
^rtb^ to Tears. Which those words of bis do express : " This is 
Teaw, " the reason wherefore many well esteemed for sufficiency," 
[meaning himself for one,] ^^ whose virtue forbids thc^ to 
be base, hang under the wheel, and cannot advance. Yea, 
sometimes it happeneth, that while they are most ho- 
nestly bu^ed, men of scornful and beggarly ignorance, 
separate from imitable qualities or endeavours, will be 
nimble to nip from them such small matters as they have. 
** I confess I have been bitten by some such vipers,^ [a just 
punishment ; as he had in his censures bitten others,] *' who 
<^ think nothing suffident that they haVe, nothing dishonest 
•* that they do. But I envy not the gravel in dny man's 
" throat. It sufficeth for me, that I have attained a quiet 
** contented life, free either from anguish in myself, or envy 
** at others, free either fix)m wishing great matters, or 
^* wanting some small.'" And so we leave this historian. 


483 CHAP. XXIX. 

Commissions cmd proclamatiom isstced Jrom the Kv^ 
upon divers occasions^ in the years 1550, 1551, IBBlif 
and 1553. 

-DESIDES various notices and instructions which I have 
been frumished with from the Lord Chancellor Grbodrick^s 
leger-book, and King Edward's Book of Wiarrants, oc- 
casionally made use of by me in the foregoing hiBtory> 
there be many considerable matters besides, remaining i^ 
those manuscripts, which will serve notably to. illustrate thi^ 
reign. And therefore I shall here insert them under divert 


heads, for better method, as precious remains, viz. com- CHAP. 

missaons and proclamations, gifts, grants, annuities, par- 1_ 

dons, purchases, and o£Sces ; letters, warrants, licences, and 
passports; collations, presentations, and other grants to 
diurchmen and universities; schools founded; and lastly, 
particular matters relating to the Eing^s household ; com- 
mencing from the fourth year of the King'*s reign, and the 
year of our Lord 1550. 

I. Commissions. Anno 1550. 

A commission to Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, A commis- 
Nicolas Bish(^ of London, Thomas Bishop of Ely, Henry trial of Gar- 
Bishop of Lincoln; Sir William Petre, Sir James Hales, ^^'*^'^' **'■ 
knights ; Griffyn Leyson, John Olyver, doctors of law ; Ri- winton. 
diard Goodrick and John Gx)snal, esquires; or to nine, 
eight, seven, six, five, or four of them, whereof the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, the Bishop of 
Ely, the Bishop of Lincoln, and Sir William Petre, [and 
Sir James Hales, for he is added in the commission itself,] 
to be one : to call before them, at such days, times, and 
places as they shall think convenient, Stephen Bishop of 
Wmchester, and all others whom they shall think good 
and necessary to be called, for the examination, trial, proof, 
and full determination of such matters as appertaineth unto 
him : and to require every such process, writing, and escript, 
as have passed in that matter : and he beipg called eftsoons, 
[if he shall] refuse to conform himself according to the 
Eing^s Majesty^s commandment, to proceed against him to 
deprivation of his bishopric, and removing of him from the 
same. December 1550. This fall commission, at length, is 
preserved by Mr. Fox, in his Acts and Monuments, first 
edition, p. 776. 

A commission to Edward Duke of Somerset, to Thomas A commis- 
Ardibishop of Canterbury, Richard Rich, knight, Lordj;^^*^^ 
filch, &c. William Earl of Wiltshire, John Earl of War- Parliament. 
^, John Earl of Bedford, William Marquis of Nor- 
thampton, Edward Jl«ord CUnton, Thomas Lord Went^ 
worth, Cutbert Bishop of Durham, William Lord Wind- 
wr, and William Lord Paget, or to two of them, to pro- 

o 4 


BOOK rogue the Parliament that was adjourned to the SOth of 
January next, junto the second day of March following. 

Anno 1550. A Commission to Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, 

-484 the Bishops of Ely, London, Lincoln, Norwich, Rochester, 

baptittoT Nicolas Wotton, dean of Canterbury, William Petre, W8- 

and irregu- Ham Cecyl, Richard Cocks, Anthony Coke, James Hales» 

tersofthe Thomas Smith, John Cheke, William May, John Taykjr, 

sacraments, ginion Haynes, Griffith Leyson, John Redman, Hugh La- 

tymer, Giles Eire, Matthew Parker, Miles Coverdale, 

John Oly ver, Richard Liel, Roland Taylor, Christq)her 

Nevinson, Richard Goodrick, John Gosnold, Richaid 

Wilks, Henry Sidal, and Nicolas Bullingham, or to any 

thirty-one, thirty, twenty-nine, twenty-eight, twenty-seven, 

twenty-six, ^five, four, or three of them ; whereof the 

Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of Norwich, the Bi- 
shop of Rochester, Nicolas Wotton, William Petre, Wil- 
liam Cecyl, Richard Cox, James Hales, and William [May, 
I suppose,] to be one : to correct and punish all Anabap- 
tists, and such as do not duly minister the sacraments ac- 
cording to the Book of Common Prayer, set forth by the 
King's Majesty. This was dated in January 1550. 
Acommis- A commission to Edward Duke of Somerset, Thomas 
proroguing Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Lord Rich, lord chan- 
the Pariia- ^^^j. William Earl of Wiltshire, John Earl of Warwick, 


John Earl of Bedford, William Marquis of Northampton, 
Henry Marquis of Dorset, Henry Earl of Arundel, Ed- 
ward Lord Clinton, Thomas Lord Wentworth, and divers 
more, or any two of them, to prorogue the Parliament to 
the 30th of October next. This bore date in February 
1551. . A commission to Thomas Bishop of Norwich, Sir Bxv 
^ths^l ^^^^ Bowes, Sir Leonard Beckwith, and Sir Thomas Chalo- 
land. ner, or to three of them, to determine with the Queen d 

Scots, or her commissioners, certain controversies risen be- 
tween the King and her, since the late treaty of peace con- 
cluded betwixt the King's Majesty and the French King; 
as well of limits and confines, as of taking and delivering 
captains and pledges, and all manner of spoils, piracies, and 


her attempts done by either of their subjects. Dated CHAP, 
pril 15, 1661. ^^^^ 

A commis^on to Helier de Cfuteret, John Clerk, Cle- Anno 1551. 
lent Lemprier, esquires; Ninian Saunders, gent.. Lewis ^^^"^ '^'"•^ 
iampton, clerk; Charles Mabion, clerk; Richard Dinnarick, 
^kxdas Lemprier, Edward Denmarick, Laurence Hampton, 
nrats; Hugh Ferrin and Nicolas Solomont, gentlemen; 
ffld to twelve, eleven, ten, nine,— —or six of them, whereof 
Helier de Carteret, and John Clerk, or one of them at the 
least, to be one : pving them power and authority to call 
before them the inhabitants of Jersey, by the advice of Sir 
Henry Powlet, knt. captain there: and to assess every of 
tbem to be contributories, according to their goods and 
lands, towards the building of two fortresses to be edified, 
the one in the islet of St. Helier, and the other in the islet of 
St Obyn there : and also a perpetual pension to be ga- 
thered of their lands^ for the charges of the safe keeping of 
them : and to put their said order and cessment in writing, 
that it may remain for ever ; with an authority ^ven them 
to appmnt officers to make all manner of provision for the 
^cation of the said fortresses. This was dated in May. 

A commission to Edward Duke of Somerset, to be the To the 
Cng^s justice, to inquire of all treasons, misprisions of ^"^^^ ^' 
reason, insurrections, rebellions, unlawful assemblies and ^, the 
^nventicles, unlawful speaking of words, confederacies, tice in ^"*" 
conspiracies, false allegations, contempts, falsehoods, negli- ?"*!^® *"** 
^ces, concealments, oppressions, riots, routs, murders, 435 
^donies, and other ill deeds, whatsoever they be ; and also 
d accessories of the same, in the counties of Bucks and 
Berks : and to appoint certain days and places for the in* 
quiry thereof: and to be the King's lieutenant within the 
sud counties, for levying of men, and to fight against the 
Kng's enemies and rebels, and to execute upon them the 
Ottrtial law ; and to subdue all invasions, insurrections, &c. 
u shall chance to be moved in any place, as he shall re- 
pur to the limits of the said shires ; with a commandment 
to all officers to assist him. And that the ssud commissioa 


BOOK be not prejudicial to the former commissions of oyer 

terminer within the said counties. 
AoDo 1551. A like commission to the Earl of Rutland and the I 
ft^*Lincoin Cliuton, for Lincoln and Nottingham, 
and Not- The like to the Earl of Sussex, Sir Roger Towns 
tingbam. gj^. ^mj^ Fermor, ainl Sir John Robertscm, [Bdi 

For Nor- ' ' "- 

folk. perhaps,] for Norfolk. 

For staf- The like commission to the Earl of Warwick, the 
^ * count Hereford, and the Lord Paget, for Staffordshire. 

For Suswix. The like to the Earl of Arundel and the Lord La Yi 

for Sussex. 
For Essex. The like to the Lord Chancellor [Lord Rich] the Ea 

Oxon, the Lord Darcy, and Sir John Gaie, for Essex. 
For Wilts. The like to Sir William Herbert, for Wiltshire. 
For Ely. The like to the Bishop of Ely, for the isle of Ely. 

For War- The like to the Earl of Warwidc, for Warwick and Oxi 
Oxoo. The like to the Lord^Marquis of Northampton,-f(»r 

For Surrey, jey. 

For Kent. The like to the Lord Cobham^ and Lord Warden oi 
Cinque Ports, [Sir Thomas Cheny,] for Kent and i 

For Leices- The like to the Earl of Huntingdon, for Leicester 

Huntingd. Huntingdon. 

For Lan- The like to the Earl of Darby, for Lancashire. 

cashire. rj^^ jjj^^ ^ ^^le Earl of Shrewsbury, for Darby. 

For Darby. , ... ... 

For Wales. ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^"' William Herbert, for the principality 

marches of Wales. 
For SuflFoik. The like to the Lord Darcy, Lord Wentworth, and 

Anthony Wyngfield, for SuflPolk. 
For HuQ- The like to Sir Robert Trewhit, and Mr. Thomas 1 

tinsdon. •• /» tt ^* j 

^ ley, for Huntingdon. 

For Nor- The like to the Lord Marquis of Northampton 
He^.and Northampton, Bedford, Hertford, and Cambridgeshire 
cambrid. The like to the Earl of Bedford, for Dorset, Som< 
SoL?rt^,*' I^von, and Cornwal. 

Devon, and The like to the Lord Treasurer, [Earl of Wiltshire 
For South- Southampton. 



TTie Bke to the Lord Paget and Sir Roger Cholmely, chap. 
fcf Middlesex. All these commissions were dated in May. ^^^^' 

A commission to Sir William Godolphin, knt. John Killi- Anno 1551. 
grew, and John Godolphin, esquires, personally to repair to ^^'' **"*^'*' 
die isle of SuUfey, [Scilley,] and to make a perfect diligent ^ ^mniis- 
ftnw of all the same^sle, and to set out the number of "*«" ^^ 

. . . . , Scilly. 

lores of land within the same ; and to divide the same into 
flomany parts as may serve for tenants, and householders of 
huibandry, allowing them sufficient land for tilling, and suf- 
ftient pasture : and to grant the same for twenty-one years, 
Ksenring to the King reasonable rents. And for their better 
nBtmction^ the King hath sent there enclosed certiun in^ 
itructions. And that they signify in the Chancery, in dis* 486 
tinct writing in pardmient, under their hands, widiin three 
OKHiths after they shall accomplish the same commission, 
Adr dcnng therein. Dated in May. 

A commission to Robert Record, esq. appointed surveyor For mines 
of all the mines of metal and minerals in the realm of Ire-*° 
hud; that he, during pleasure, shall as well rule and order 
therffein and works concerning the said mines, and provi- 
skms of the same, as to appoint and take all manner of pro^ 
TisioD, labours, and carriages, both by land and water, a^ 
weQ in the realm of England as Ireland. And that the 
treasurer, comptroller, and seymaster of the late erected 
mints, and other officers, in all their alleys, [alloyes,] assays, 
Qnxtures, meltings, blanchings, sheerings, and other their 
wwks, use the counsel of the said surveyor. Dated in May. 

A commission to John KilHgrew, to take up and provide For foitify 
dl manner of workmen, and labourers of all sorts, and air°^ '**'**^^' 
«nch stuff, cf what kind soever it be, as shall be thought re- 
qiririte and needful for furtherance and finishing of the new 
fortification within the isle of Scilley. Dated in June. 

A commissidn to the Bishop of Chester, William Cliff, For a di- 
Ridiard Liel, Jefifrey Glyn, and Henry Harvey, doctors of 
the law, and George Wimesly, bachelor of law, or any two 
of them; that upon the proof of the manifold adultery of 
Elizabeth Atherton, they separate and divorce her from 
r<^n Atherton her husband. Dated in June. 

, vorce. 


BOOK A commission to SirWilIiamPeti^,8^i«Cary, Sir RkJiai^ 
"• Read, &c. upon due proof of the manifest adultery of the , 

Anno 1551. Lady Mary Luttrel, to separate and divorce her from Sir 
For a di- j^jj^ Luttrel her husband. Dated in June. 


For piofo- A commission, dated in August, to the Duke of Somer- 
guinf the ggf Thomas ArchbishoD of Canterbury, &c. or any two of 

Parliament. , ^ , il ,. i a i ^ ^/ t. 

them, to prorogue the Paruament to the 4th of Noyembs , 
Forvisiting A commission to Sir Roger Cholmeiy, Sir Richard Rede, 

the Savoy. Richard Goodric, esq. Broke, [Dr. Oliver,] and Dr. 

Liel, or to six, four, or three of them, to viat the house cr 
hospital, commonly called the Savoy : and to inquire and 
search, by all ways and means, not only how and in wfapt | 
sort the foundation, statutes, and ordinances thereof have \ 
been and be observed, and wherein the same doth agree ] 
with the common order and proceeding of the realm ill 
causes of religion ; and how the ministers, both men and , 
women, give attendance, and do their duties in their several 
offices ; but also of the life, behaviour, and ccMiversadon of 
all the ministers aforesaid ; and the state of their house, and 
order of their lands : and to call before them such men as 
they shall think expedient, for the attaining of more know- 
ledge touching the premises: and to advertise the King's 
Majesty, or his Privy Council, of their proceedings. This 
was dated in September. 
For trial of A commission to Sir Roger Cholmeiy, knt. Sir Richard 

S Wor^cJis* ^*^^' ^^^' ^i^^- Goodrick, esq. John Gosnold, esq. Johp 

ter and Oliver, and Richard Liel, doctors of the law, or to six, five, 

'^* or four of them ; authorizing tiiem, at such several daysj 

times, and places, and as often as they shall think good, to 

call before them the Bishops of Worcester and Chichester, 

and every of them, several and apai't, and all other whom 

they shall think good and necessary, for the examination, 

487 trial, proof, and full determination of such matters as te 

laid against them ; and to require all process, writings, and 

escripts, either remaining with the Council, or otherwise: 

and finding that the said Bishops, and either of them, have 

not conformed themselves according to the Eing'^s pleasure, 

^ OP k:ing edwaud vl aos 

'tonttandment, or monitions given by the Council, by the CHAF. 
Xmg*s commandment, to proceed against them, and every of. ^^'^• 

Aem, to deprivatimi of thefir several bishoprics. This bore Anno i65i. 

"date in September* 

' A commission, dated in October, to Edward Duke of So- For ?«>«>- 

• sruinflr the 

iKrset, Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Lord Parliament. 
Si^, lord chancellor, William Marquis of Winchester, &c. 
nd-to two of them, to prorogue the Parliament from the 
iicS March until the 4th of November next. 

A commission, dated October SS, to Thomas Archbishop For fimtidng 
ft Canterbury, Nicolas Bishop of London, and Richard *^j*^** 
Cocks, almoner, Peter Martyr, Rowland Tayler of Hadley, 
Bartholomew Traheron, John Lucas, John Gosnold: to con- 
adar all the King's ecclesiastical laws, according to a statute 
of Parliament made &^. reg. Edw, VI. wherein thirty-two 
persons were appointed for the same use; and to gather 
md put in order in writing all such of them as they shall 
dnnk convenient, and other laws ecclesiastical, as they shall 
^k meet to be used within the realm : and to deliver the 
•me unto the King^s Majesty, that they may be further 
considered, according to his statutes. 

A commission, dated October 26, to John Beaumont, esq. For des- 
ffir William Portman, Sir James Hales, Sir Richard Rede, chancefy 
Jrfin Ol3rver, and William Cook, and to five, four, or three matters. 
"Of them, to hear and determine any manner of matters be- 
fere the King in his Chancery, between his subjects, now 
baling, or hereafter to be exhibited; with authority to 
^ward out all manner of process that hath'been accustomed 
therefore: and to punish all manner of contempts, and do 
dl other circumstances necessary for the same ; with a com- 
Quuidnient to all the o£Scers to attend upon five, four, or 
three of them. And all things done by them to stand in 
like force as if they were done by the Lord Chancellor. 
[The Lord Chancellor Rich was now sick.] 

A commission, in November, to Thomas Archbishop of To pro- 
^terbury, Richard Lord Rich, lord chancellor, &c. top^^^^ent. 
rorogue the Parliament from the 4th of November to the 
Sd of January following. 


BOOK A oommission, in November, to Edward Lord ClintoOt to 
^^' christen the French King^s child. 
Addo 1651. A commission to the said Lord Clinton, and Sir WilliMi I 
TO f,f Pickering, jointly and severally, to hear all manner m^\ 
French with the French King : concerning the marriage betweei \ 
fhUd.' ^^ King's Majesty and the Lady Elizabeth, the Frenk 
To treat of King's daughter, and the confirmation thereof acocHrding to 
wiTh**^ their instructions, which they must recttve by "drtue of flip 

France. same. 

For the ec- A commisfflon, in November, to Thomaa Archbishop of 
laws. Canterbury, Thomas Bishop of Ely, Richard Cocks, afanv* 

ner, Peter Martyr, William May, Rowland Tayler,t)[(^ Lu- 
cas, and Richard Goodrick, to confer together touching the 
ecclesiastical laws. [This commission superseded that made ia 
October, in which three persons were nominated commis- 
sioners, which it was thought convenient afterward to dumge^ 
^. the Bishop of London, Baith. Traheron, and Jobn 
Gosnold, for the Bishop of Ely, William May, and Bidi. 
488 A commission, dated in December, to John Lord Ma^ 
For inquiry daunt. Sir John Saint John, Sir Urian Bruerton, knight^ 
dearth. Nic. Lukc, Fraucis Pygot, and Lewis Dives, esquires; to 
inquire by all ways and means, how the enhancing cf 
prices of corn, victuals, and other things, contained in a 
proclamation annexed to the said commission, have grown, 
and daily grow, by the insatiable greediness of divers co- 
vetous persons in the county of Bedford ; and to punish «ll 
such as shall disobey any thing contained in the same^ 
And a clause therein writ, to make out thirty-two omb- 
missions for like effect to others there named. 
For Ca- A commission, dated in December, to Sir Richard Cot- 

Guisnes. ton and Sir Richard Bray, knts, to repair with certain 
instructions to the town of Calais, and castle and county of 
Guisnes, and to the other pieces on that side the seas: and 
' there shewing their commission, do hear the opinions and 
advice, as well of the counsellors in each of the said pieoeS) 
as of other officers there, concerning the works, buildii^ 
and fortifications of the said pieces. 


A oommisncHi, in January, for assistance in hearing and CHAP. 
letermining of the causes of the Chancery, to the Master of XXI x. 
the RdUs, Sir William Portman, Sir James Hales, Sir Ri- Anno 1551. 
diard Rede,. William May, Grifiyn Leyson, John Oly- F^' ."•«*• 
imj Anthony Bellasis, and \^^am Cook. [The Bishop of chancery! 
8^ having the great seal lately delivered to him.] 

. A ccnnmisaon, in January, to the Lord Chancellor, John For inquiry 
.brl of Bedford, Sir John Gates, Sir William Petre, &c. '^^^J^^ 
to call before them the heads and inferior ministers of the courts 
Court of Exchequer, the Court of the Duchy of Lancas- revenues! 
ttr, the Court of Wards and Liveries, the Court of Aug- 
Mstations, the Court of First-fruits and Tenths : charging 
nd commanding them to make before them perfect and 
M declaration in writing under their hands, of all the 
Eng's revenues, profits, and casualties, within their several 
dttiges and offices, answerable in the said courts before 
the date of the said commission, and of all rents, resolutes, 
1)68, annuities, pensions, and other deductions. 

A commission, in March 155^, to Henry Earl of West- >55«. 
tterland, the Lord Wharton, Sir Thomas ChaJoner, Sirbatabie 
Xhomas Palmer, or to four, three, or two of them ; to con- ^*"^- 
dude With the Scots Queen^s ambassadors or commissioners, 
\xc and concerning a certain parcel of land, called the de- 
kttable land, and of other lands in the marches of Scotland ; 
md to make division thereof. 

A commission, in the same month, to John Earl of Bed- To put 
iord, William Earl of Pembroke, the Lord Darcy, Sir Wil- JJ*"^*? ^^^^.^ 
iam Petre, Sir John Baker, Sir Philip Hoby, Sir Robert ^ution 
9ows, Sir Thomas Wroth, Edward Griffyth, John Gos- 
K)ld, or to ten, nine, eight, seven, or six of them, to put in 
SLecution all such martial laws as shall be thought by their 
liscretions most necessary to be executed. Instructions 
[iven to them in nine articles. 

A commission, the same month, to the Lord Chamber- For survey 
tin, the Bishop of Norwich, Sir John Gates, Sir Wil- ^^j^^^f^^ 
am Petre, Sir Robert Bows, Sir Thomas Wroth, Sir Ri- courts. 
lard Cotton, Sir Walter Mildmay, and John Gosnold, or 
» nine, eight, seven, six, five, or four of them; to sur- 


BOOK vey and peruse the state of all the King^s courts, erected 
^^' or kept for the custody of the King's lands, and for the an. 

Anno i55«.swering and payment of any manner of rents and revenue^ 

4®9 &C. And instructions given to them in five articles. 
Forlceeping A Commission, the same month, to Sir John Gates, au* i 
the ducby. thorizing him, as well to keep the privy and great seals rf j 
the duchy still, as also to do all other things that shall ooo- 
.cem the said office, during the Eing^s pleasure, in as ample 
manner as the Lord Paget had it, with authority to appdot 
a vice-chancellor. 
For the Commissions in May for the counties in England, to the 
tices of the noblemen, and other great men, to be the Eing^s justieei; 
counties. ^^ inquire of all treasons, misprisions of treason, insunect 
tions, rebellions, unlawful assemblies, and conventicles, unlaff' 
ful speaking of words, confederacies, conspiracies, false aUe^ 
tions, contempts, falsehoods, neglects, concealments, riot^ 
routs, miu'ders, felonies, &c. 
For sale of A commission in June for the sale of chantry lands, & 
lands. rected to Sir John Gates, Sir Robert Bows, Sir Riduud 
Sackvile, Sir Walter Mildmay, knights ; Richard GkwdriA 
and John Gosnold, esquires. 
To survey Divers commissions and instructions in June, to certaii 
&c. bebng- persons within every shire of the realm ; to view and survqf 
* h^ \ ^^® bells, plate, jewels, vestments, or ornaments, beloDgiif 
to every church within the said shire ; and to take account, 
and seize into their hands, to his Majesty'^s use, such of the 
said goods as have been at any time since or before the last 
survey embezzled away. 
To ciaren- A commission to Thomas Hawly, alias Clarentieux, king 
survey of of arms, and principal herald from the river of Trent south- 
arms. ward ; to visit and oversee within his province, the anns, 
devices, and cognisances of all noble and gentlemen : and if 
any fault be found in any their coat armours, standardsi 
banners, &c. contrary to the usage of this realm, to ff^ 
knowledge thereof to the King's Majesty and his Coundl. 
For trial of A. commission in September, to Sir Roger Cholmdy) 
of Durham. Sir Richard Rede, John Gosnold, Richard Goodrick, Bo- 
bert Chidley, Stamford, esquires, and Richard Iid> 


doctor of law, or to seven, six, or five of them ; to examine CH AP. 
mA call before them, at such times and places as they shall XXIX. 
ttvik convenient, Cutbert, bishop of Durham, [and examine Anno isss. 
liira,] of all manner of conventicles, conspiracies, contempts, 
ttid concealments, or other ofiences: and if he be found 
foOty, to deprive him of his bishopric, and otherwise to do 
&e premises- according to their wisdoms, &c. 

A commisinon, dated in October, to the Archbishop ofporpunUh- 
Cinterbury, the Bishop of London, and others, for exami- "*"' ®^ *'" 
jm^n and punishment of erroneous opinions in religion. opinions. 
 A commission, in December, to John Duke of Northum- For exuni- 
feknd, John Earl of Bedford, Henry Duke of Suffolk, the^^S^„ 
Harquis of Northampton, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl of the trea- 
rf Pembroke, the Lord Darcy, Sir Thomas Cheyney, Sir 
John Gates, Sir Thomas Wroth, Sir Walter Mildmay, and 
Gliomas Mildmay, esq. or to five of them ; to call before 
diem, at such time and place as they shall think meet, the 
tvieasurer, under-treasurer, and teller of the Exchequer, the 
treasurer of the Court of Augmentations, the treasurer of 
Hie Chamber, the treasurer of the First-fruits, the receiver- 
leneral of the Wards, the receiver-general of the duchy of 
Lancaster, the treasurer of the town and marches of Calais, 49O 
lie treasurer of the town and garrison of Berwick, and all 
Hber treasurers, which now be, or heretofore have been, 
inoe the 24th year of the Eang^s Majesty's father's reign, or 
bdr heirs or executors ; or all and every paymaster, sur- 
'eyor^ mustermaster, purveyor, victualler, and other per- 
cxis, which at any time within the time aforesaid have re- 
tAved of the King's/ Majesty, or his said late father, any 
um or sums of money, treasure, bullion, victuals, provision, 
IT other goods and chattels, either to be employed in the 
rars, buildings, fortifications, or other affairs ; causing and 
ompelling them which have not yet accounted for their 
everal charges and receipts, to make and declare before 
bem a full and perfect account of all such sums of money, 
Uigations, specialties, treasures, bullion, victuals, provi- 
008, &c. as they, or wcfy of them, received ; and also of the 

VOL. 11. PABT II. p 


BOOK payment, and disbursage, and diacfaaige of the same, 
^^' every part thereof. And if any of them shall be foimc 

Anno i552.debted to the King, to proceed for the due saJdshe^nask 

payment thereof. 

To inquire A Commission, in the same month, to the Duke of Nortfa 

mJ^I berknd, the Earl of Bedford, the Earl of Huntingdon, I 

plate, &c. Darcy, Lord Clinton, Sir Richard Cotton, Sir Ralph j 

ler. Sir Philip Hoby, Sir Walter Mildmay, Ridiard G 

rick, Thomas Mildmay, or to four of them ; not only U 

how the Eing^s Majesty is satisfied of all such lead, 

metal, plate, jewels, ornaments, stock .and store-good 

come and is due unto the King'^s Majesty by reason of d 

commissions and visitations, and by reason of the dissoli 

of divers monasteries, priories, colleges, chantries, &c. an 

attainder of divers persons; but also for divers forfa 

jewels, silver, bullion, plate, gold, and silver. 

Commis- A commis^on, in January, to the Bishop of Ely, 

STdIo" chanceUor, the Bishop of Noi-wich, Sir Richard Cotttm 

monies due to examine, search, and try, as well by the record oJ 

Chancery, as by all other ways, what sums of money 

at any time heretofore due unto the King or his fsdhei 

the sales of lands, possessions, sithence the 4th of Fel 

27 Henry VIII. and how the same was answered. 

For coiiec A commission, in the same month, to Sir Richard Cc 

church ^^^ John Gates, Sir Robert Bowes, Sir John Mason 

stuff. John Baker, Sir Walter Mildmay, John Lucas, Th 

Mildmay, esquires, or to four of them ; for the collect! 

church stuff, plate, jewels, ornaments, &c. 

For deter- A commission, in February, to the Dean of St. P 

mattef be- Thomas Gawdy, Griffyn Leyson, William Staunford, 

tween Fran, liam Cook, and Richard Catlyn, or to three of them 

^^r''""' the understanding, hearing, and final determining 

matter in controversy between Francis ChaJoner, andi 

his wife, daughter to Sir William Bowyer, late aldeni 

London, deceased, and the executors and overseers < 

last will and testament. 

A commission, dated in the foresaid month, to Ri 


Blqphai^ £ar the finding of ores of gold and nlver, andother CHAP. 
ine^dfl, within the counties of Darby and Chester, with li- ^ 

Woe of the owners. Anno i65i. 

'^' A xxxnmissioB, the same month, to the Marquis of North- ^^^ ^^^ 
^pton, the Lord Bray, Sir John St John's, Sir Urian «iver ore. 
, Richard Snow, and Lewis Dyve ; to make P^<^hitochnreh 
€y of aH manner of church goods within the county of goods. 
And that the like commissions be made out and 491 
to the persons in the end of the said commissions, 
the shii^es, cities, and towns therein declared. 
A ocnnmission, dated in March, to Thomas Bishop o^J^**?*^ 
idi, Sir John Grates, Sir Philip Hoby , &c. to sell for raUe 
E^HMJjf^ money any of the King's manors, lands, tenements, ^^^^' 
' the yearly value of lOOOi. 

' A ootnmis^on, in April 1S53, to Sir Richard Cotton, Sir, i55«. 
Italph~ Sadler, Sir Walter Mildmay, knights, and Edmund count of tbe 
7!f|e0D, clerk of the wardrobes, or to three, or two of them ; S^"'*^ j|^ 
tiltiA:e account of June Cecyl, and Sir William Cecyl, knt. robe. 
idttihistrators of the testimony of Richard Cecyl, [yeoman 
if the wardrobes, deceased,] for certain robes, apparel, and 
fiwds of the King, in the custody of the said Richard. 
* A commisi^on, in May, to Sir Richard Cotton, Sir John To consider 
Gates, Sir Roger Cholmely, &c. to call before them all trea-f^ the fail 
iitrerB, receivers, biailifFs, collectors, &c. or other persons, <*^ "*<*"*y- 
4Mit do demand allowance for the falls of any sums of money 
idiq^ to be lost, by reason of two proclamations ; and to 
Qonnder the same in their accounts. 

To these commissions I add a few proclamations. 

II. Proclamations. 
A proclamation that none should melt any testour or shil- . \^^}' 

^^ *^ "^ , Against 

Sng, groat, half-groat, penny, halfpenny, orfarthing, or any meitiog 
fMher coin of silver, being current within the realm ; to make KiM»s*coin. 
YMel, plate, or any other thing, upon pain of forfeiture of 
boat times the value of the money so molten, and to suffer 
imprisonment and other pains. Dated in September 1551. 

'A proclamation declaring, that the Eing^s Majesty hath Declaring 
xdared and established to be made within his mints thes^ values of 



BOOK several coins, as well of nlver, in fineness of the standard, ai 
II* also of gold, as hereafter ensueth: that is to say, onepieee 

Anno 1651. of silver monies, which shall be current for five shillings of 
sold Mid ^Q lawful monies aforesaid ; another piece, which shall be 

silver com. i n i 

called the piece of two shiUinga and giapence oi the lawnl 
monies ; the third piece, which shall be called ike sUrimg 
shillings current for twelve pence ; the fourth piece, whidi 
shall be half of the ^d shilling, shall be current for dxpem 
Also the Elng^s Miyesty hath ordered to have four pieoei 
of small monies made Ukewise current: diat is to say, the 
first piece shall be called a penny y with a double rofle, and 
shall be current for a penny of the lawful mcmies tdiareaai\ 
the second shall be called an kalfpennyj with a angle nxe;. 
and the third piece afcvrthmg^ with a portcullis. [Afourdi 
jHece is here wanting, whether it should be the gioat or the 
twopence, I know not.] 

And of the coins of gold as here ensueth : that is to say^ 
the old sovereign of fine gold, which shall be curr^t fif 
thirty shillings of lawful money of England ; another pieee 
of fine gold, oalled ^ angd^ shall be current for ten sliik 
- hngs ; the third piece of fine gold, which shall be called Af. 
angtlety half of the angel, current for five shillings. And 
further, a whole sovereign of crown gold diall be ctirrent ftf 
twenty shillings; the second piece of crown gold^ which 
shall be called ike half aoroereigny shall be current for tell 
492 shillings ; and the third piece of crown gold, which shall be 
called a crown, current for five shillings ; the fourth piece rf 
crown gold, which shall be called the haffcrown^ diall be cur- 
rent for two shillings sixpence of the lawful monies aforesaid 

And the King's Majesty strictly chargeth and command- 
eth all manner of persons within his realms and dominioiU) ; 
to receive and pay the said several pieces of money, as well 
of silver as of gold, at the several rates before rehearsed, 
upon pain of the King's high displeasure, and to be further 
punished as his Highness shall think convenient ' 

And his express commandment is, that all such base 
monies which his Majesty did lately, by his several procbh 


taAaaa, reduce to the value of a lower rate, shall pass and CHAP. 
p oirrent in payment in like manner and sort as his High- 

M»*8 last prodamaticMi did declare, until such time as his Anno i56i. 

Ibgesty^s mints may with diligence convert the same into 

bb said new coins ; which his Majesty mindeth to have done 

IrA all possible expedition. 

> And Ins Majesty signifieth to all his loving subjects, that 

if Uiey do bring in a quantity of monies now current, into his 

filacers mint within the Tower of Lcmdon, they shall have 

be same received there by tale at the value as they be now 

Nnrait upon bills : and they shall, in as convenient time as 

nay, be repaid for the same monies now current by tale in 

adier the King^s Majesty^s new money afore declared; This 

aine forth in October 1551. 

A proclamation, set forth in November 1551, declaring, That the 
ihat the King*^ pleasure is, that the proclamation set forth J^^n^^^e 
br the cessing the prices of catde and other victuals, and prices of 
il pains, forfeitures, and prices therein contained, shall from ^7" 
iCDceforth cease, and be put no further in execution. [The *^*"*' 
foclamation for assessing the prices of cattle^ and provision, 
nd to which this refers, came out anno 1549) and may be 
Bad in the foregoing history.] 

A proclamation, in December 1551, charging and com- Against 
landing all the King's true subjects not to credit such vain, |^*u^"jf 
klse, and seditious rumours concerning certain pieces of his the King's 
Durness's coin now made, which have been well stricken, 
lat his Majesty'^s arms do not appear in the same, &c. to be 
sditiously declared. 

A jnroclamation, the same month and year, prohibiting the Against 
uying and selling of coin at other prices than the same is^^"]?^^*"** 
mrent by the King's late proclamation. coin. 

A proclamation, Feb. ^, 1551, prohibiting frays andAgaidet' 
^tings in cathedral churches, and bringing in horses and ^^ciies. 
loyles into the same. 

A .proclamation, in August 1559, to avoid all manner of 1559. 
arsons infected with pestilence, or other outrageous dis- ^^^^ infedu 
sett, or having any person in their houses therewithal in- ed to avoid 
jted, from the Court, and other places, whereunto the 



BOOK King^s Majesty shall repair in this his Majesty'^s progrew: 
'*' and also fcnrbidding any of the inhabitants of Pole or Win* 

Anno iMt.bum Minster, by reason of the plague there, to resort toAe 
Court at Woodlands, or Canford, during his Maj&tfi 
abode there. 
To put in A proclamation, in November 1552, willing and diarging 
an act for ^ justices of peace diligently to have respect to the doe 
tillage. execution of a statute made in the last session of the PaifiiF 
493 ment, for tillage, to be used as it was in any one year flinch 
the first year of- the reign of King Henry VIII. 
For keeping A proclamation, in February 1552, that no person after 
the publishing hereof, having no licence to eat flesh, do iriU 
lingly ^t any manner of fie^ in time of Lent, or other fiuft^ 
ing days, upon the pain and penalty contained in a statute 
in that behalf made. ^ 
i^or the A proclamation, the same month and year, that no penoni 

GaMoin ^^^ ^U wine by retail, sell above eight pence a gallon al 
Gascoin wine, four pence a pottle, and two pence a quart, 
and a penny a pint, upon pain limited therefore. 



Divers acts of the Kind's grace and favour^ shewed to Ai 

courtiers and others. 

W E now proceed to set down various rewards, liberalities, 
honorary and beneficial trusts, &c. conferred by the King 
upon divers persons. 

III. Gifls^ grants, annuities and offices, pardons ani 


1650. An annuity of 10(M. to William Cecyl, one of the King's 
^JJJ^^*** secretaries, in consideration of his said office, during Ac 
eretary. King^s pleasure : to be paid at the Augm^itation, firoa 

Michaelmas last, half yearly. Dated October , 1550. 
BeU-dap- ^ grant to Arthur Champon, and John Chichester, d 
•d to Chun, all the clappers of the bells cc»nmanded tabe taken dowi 
C^toter. ^thin the counties pjf Devon and Cornwall, with all th 


Hon and other furniture thereunto belonirinfi:. Dated in CHAP. 
November. ^^^• 

• A grant, dated in November, unto John Lord Sheffield, A'^<> ^s^^- 
m and heir to Edmund, late Lord Sheffield, deceased ; to Sheffield^'* 
' bestow himself in marriage at his own free election and under age, 
dioice, without any fine or payment to be required in the hu mar-*' 

;; Court of Wards and Liveries, or elsewhere, to the King^s "*««• 
QBe, for the value of his marriage, being in minority : in 
ttiisideration of the great charge that His said father sus- 

r tuned in the King^s war at Norwich. [Where he was killed 

i the last year.] 

^ The office of steward of the manor of Rising in the To Sir John 
onnty of Norfolk, and the constableship of the castle therej andstrRob. 
te[Su*] John Robsert, and Sir Robert Dudley, [a son of Dudley. 
Ae Earl of Warwick, and that married the daughter and 
karof the said Sir John,] for life, and to the longer liver of 

' them: with a fee of 40*. by the year for the office of 
rtewardship, and for the constableship 131. Sd. per ann. 
«nd for the office of master of the game 4Z, 13*. 3d. per 494 
ttm. and 53*. 4d. for the wages of two forests : to be paid 
by the receivers of the premises. Dated in December. 

The office of master of the rolls to John Beaumont, esq. 'I'o Jo^" 
for life ; with all fees and profits thereunto belonging, in as esq. * 
l«ge and ample manner as Sir Robert Southwel lately had 
It Dated in December. 

The office of keeping the chief messuage of the manor of To the Earl 
£sdber in Surrey, and the keeping of the gardens and or-^^g^*j[^d 
dard there, with the office of lieutenant of the chase of Lord L"ie. 
Hampton Court, to John Earl of Warwick, and John 
liOid Lisle, during their lives, and the longest hver. Dated 
in December. 
An annuity of SI. to Nic. Bacon, esq. with the wardship To Nic. 

aod marriage of Edward Fox, without disparagement, dur- 

11^ his minority. And so from heirs male to heirs male. 

Dated in January. 
An annuity of SOO marks to Sir John Zouch, knt. for To Sir John 

ife, after EUzabeth Zouch's death, late abbess of Shafts- ^'*"*'^- 

p 4 


BOOK bury: to be paid at the Aiyncntatioti quarteriy. I 
*^' in Januaiy. 

Aiiaoi55o. Sir Martin Bowes, sub-treasurff of the money and a 

ToSrMar-^ mint of the Tower of London: which place he 
rendered, and had an annuity granted him therefine, < 
the month above; besides the annuity of 66{ 
him by the King his Majesty^s father, for his good sc 
done in the said office. 

To tiM A grant to the said Sir Martin, of the same date, wh 

'*'^' he was found indebted to the King in the sum of 10, 
upon his account taken by John Earl of Warwidc 
William Herbert, and Sir Walter Mildmay, commissi 
appointed to hear and determine all accounts and re 
ings of the King^s mints within this realm, that he shal 
and discharge the same as followeth ; that is to say, in 
SOOOl. and so at divers payments the rest, allowing 

To Uie A pardon to Sir Martin Bowes, of all treasons, tresp 

contempts, &c. done and committed by the smd M 
concerning the money and coin of the King's Majest 
his fatherX before the date of these presents ; and 
unjust and false making of money, and payments c 
same ; and of all other offences done contrary to the 
of the common law, or contrary to any statute, act, ] 
^on, proclamation, &c. or contrary to any prescription 
torn, &c. Dated as above. 

To Thomas The office of Clerk of the Council to Thomas Mars 
life, after the death of Richard Eden and Thomas 1 
with a fee of 40 marks per ann. to be paid at the Excb 
quarterly. Dated in March. 

To the Earl ^ a\ft to John Earl of Warwick, in consideration c 

of War- ® ' 

wick. manor of Assher and park, granted by the King, of a 
manor of Chelsey, and the chief mansion house. T 
yearly value of SOL 3s. 1^. Dated in March. 

To John The keeping of John Layland [Leyland] the yoi 
being mad, to John Layland the elder, with all his 
tenements, rents, &c. in as large and ample manner \ 


wd John the younger, being in his right mind, had the cHAP. 
Dated in March. ^OLX. 

Guillim Stretes, the Eing^s painter, had paid him 50 Anno 1551. 

Mrks, for recompence of three great tables made by theToGuiiiUn 

wd Guillim. Whereof two were the pictures of his High-' 

WttBy sent to Sir Thomas Hoby and Sir John Mason, [am- 
' httsadors abroad,] the third a picture of the late Earl of 495 

Sun^y, attainted: and, by the Council^s commandment, 
- ietdied from the said Guillim^s house. Dated in March 
. ttSl. 

• To Sebastian Cabote [the great seaman] 800/. by way of To Sebas- 
'. Ae Eng's Majesty's reward. Dated in March 1551. tianc»b«te. 

The creation of Sir Thomas Darcy, and his heirs male of To SirTho. 

m body, to the title of Baron of Chich in Essex, by the ^' 

We of the Parliament. Dated in April. 
' * A gift to the said Sir Thomas Darcy, and to his heirs To the 
 male, of the reversion of the house and seat of the late mo-^"** 
'■ flitttay of Chich St. Osyth, with the appurtenances, in the 
\ county of Essex, with the house and scite the Lady Mary 
I kith during her life, with divers other lands, tenements, &c. 
I together with a further ^t unto him in fee-simple, of the 
[ iBanor of Lucton, alias Loughton ; with divers other lands 
[ la the county of Devon. All extending to the yearly value 
^ 0^467/. 13^. 1|^. To hold the entailed lands in capite by 

one knight^s fee ; and the land in fee-simple in capite^ by 

the half of one knight'^s fee. Dated in April. 
A privilege to Laurence Torrentinus, printer to the Duke To Lau- 

rf Florence, for seven years, to print the book of Digests [^„^,^^'' 

ttd Pandects of the civil law of the Bomans : and that none 

print the same book during that time, without his li- 
cence. Dated in April. 

The office of hicrh marshal of En£:land to John Earl of To the Earl 
•Warwick, for life, in as ample manner as John Mowbraly, J|,.ick *'^" 
and Thomas late Duke of Norfolk, had and enjoyed the 
ome. The patent dated in April. 

A gift to the Lady Elizabeth, the Kings's sister, for the To the Lady 
term of her life, of all the scite of the late monastery of *^ 
Missenden, in the coimty of Bucks, with divers other 


BOOK liuads, &c. to the yearly value of 80641. 17<9. 8d. /which bods 
^^* before were given to her, and for divers considerations now 
Anno 1561. signed, the month above. 

To John A privilege to John Gipken, of London, [a Dutdiman, 
*^ *°' lately made free,] bookseller, for ten years, to print, or cami 
to be printed, the Herbal in English, compiled by W. Tuft 
ner, doctor in physic : and that none other shall priat the 
same. Dated in April. 
To John A ^t to John Cheke, esq. in fee-simple, in confflderation 
Chekc,e8q. ^f ^jjg surrendering of 100 marks rent granted him byJettfifl 
patents, dated at Westminster, Aug. 26. ann. S Edward VL 
for twenty-one years, if it should so long please the Cngi 
of all the manor of Stoke juxta Clare, in the counties of 
Suffolk and Essex, with divers other lands, tenements, &e. 
all to the yearly value of 14W. 19s. Sd. to hold all the pra- 
mises in capite, by the fortieth part of a knight's fee : ex- 
cept the fuller mill in Stoke, the guildhall house in Stokey 
the Pistem pasture, and other premises in Spalding, and 
the rectory of Sandon, and other premises in Sandon ; to be 
holden as of the manor of Greenwich, by fealty only. Pay* 
ing yearly to the King for the manor of Stoke, 4i. 17*. 7i 
Dated in May. 
To John The keeping and governance of Richarcl and Edwaid 
Fowler. Dautry, idiots, to John Fowler, groom of the privy duim* 
ber, during their lives, and of all their lands, &c. with s 
grant to the said John of all the revenues of the said landS) 
&c. from the death of Sir John Dautry, knt. thrir fiither. 
Dated in May. 
496 A ^t to John Earl of Warwick, in fee-simple, of Ot- ^ 
w ^*^V ^^^^ ^ Kent, with divers other lands, &c. Value yemfy 

4i9l 3s. Sd. Dated in May. 
To Will. A grant to William Turk, groom of the privy chamber) 
'^"' • of all William Rastal^s leases, goods, moveables, and iiD- 
moveables, being forfeited to the King by the said BasUlj 
for going beyond the seas without licence, contrary to astft*- 
tute and proclamation in that behalf. Dated in May. 
To John The office of prothonotary, or derk of the crown, to John 

Leonard!"** Leonard and Thomas Leonard, for life, and the longest 


Hrer, of the counties of Glamorgan, Monmouth, Breck- CHAP, 
nodt, and Radnor, in all courts, terms, sessions, &c. with the ^^^' 

nakiDg and entering of all manner of writs, processes, de- Anno issj. 
darations, &c. with all fees and profits thereunto belonging, 
irithout account making. Which office John Leonard sur- 
wndered, to have this joint patency. [Thomas probably 
beh^ his son or heir.] 

A gift, dated in July, to the mayor and commonalty of the To the 
fhj of London, and their successors, of all the house and ^'^^'^oiii. 
pote of the late hospital of Thomas Becket in Southwark,tyofLon- 
cranmonly called St. Thomases hospital, in Surrey, withg^"*^^ 
^ers other lands, &c. ornaments, lead, and goods belong- mas's hos- 
IBg to the said hospital, to the yearly value of 164Z. 17*. Id. ^** ' 
Jo be holden all by fealty only in soccage, as of the manor 
of East Greenwich. And to take the profit from the An- 
Buncialion of our Lady last ; with a new erection of the said 
bosptal, and the appropriation thereof to the said mayor 
and commonalty, and their successors. And that all the 
ivofits of the said land shall go to the finding of the poor 
yearly, except such as shaU go to the finding of twd masters, 
two sisters, one porter, and the overseer of the said hospital. 
And that the King shall appoint commissioners from time to 
time, to visit the said hospital, and to see the same lapds to 
bei^nt and employed, [accordinjg to the intent of the royal 
Amor.] And that the officers thereof shall pay no first-fruits 
wd tenths. 

A gift to Sir John Gates, for life, in consideration of sur-To Sir John 
Kndering the foresaid hospital of St. Thomas into the King'^s ^*^*^®' 
lumds, granted unto him by his Majesty^s father'^s letters 
patents, for life, with all the profits, and without account 
iCBdering, of all the manors of Bradwel, Munden, Law- 
fiird, in the county of Essex, and other lands, &c. to the 
^esrly value of 208Z. 9^. 9id. Dated in July. 

The office of keeping the capital messuage or mansion, To the 
lite of Charles Duke of Suffolk, in South wark, and of the 
prden, orchard, and park there, to Sir John Gates, for 
ife, with the office of high steward and bailiff there, of 



B OO K all the lands, tenements, and liberties of the same : and also 

* of the office of steward and bailiff of Paris Garden, and the 

Anno 1 96 1- liberties thereof, with a fee of SOI. 6s. 8d. per annum. Dated 

in July. 
To Peter The oflBce of Clerk of the Faculties to Peter Osborn, for 
^' life, with fees accustomed. Dated in July. 

These parcels were given in July by the King, from the 
. bishopric of Winton : 
497 ^^ ^^^ John Gates, the manors of Sutton, Ropley, he . 
ToSirJohn^Q the counties of Southampton and Surrey, to theyearfy 

value of 146/. 19*. 9id. 
To Sir Phi- To Sir Philip Hoby, the m^or of Harden, &c. in the 
*^ ** county of Southampton^ to the value of 87/. 18*. 7Aper 

To Sir An- To Sir Andrew Dudley, the manor of Witney, &c to the 

draw Dud- , ^tt^rt.■| m,* 1 

ley. value of 180/. 7|a. 

ToSirHeu- To Sir Henry Scimour, 4ands to the yearly value of 18ff. 

rySeimour. j. 

To William To William Fitzwilliams, the manor of High Clere, ice 

S^' ^o ^^^ y^a^'ly value of 84/. 17*. 3d. 

To Henry To Henry Nevyl, the manor of Margrave, &c. to the 
^*^y'- yearly value of 114/. 18*. lOd. 

To several Annuities, dated in September, to several Frenchmen, 
"**"* [ministers, probably, and others, fled from th^ own coun- 
try for the persecution ;] viz. 

£. s. d. £. s. d, 

Francis de Bignon 37 10 Nic. Du Menir 27 7 6 

Abraham Parady 27 7 6 Galliot Tassat 27 7 6 

John de Len 27 7 6 CoUin le Cout 18 5 

to be paid from the first of January last. 

To Sir Wii. The office of steward of the lordship of Sheriff Hutton, 

liam Picker» 

ing. and constableship of the castle of Sheriff Hutton in Yoik- 

shire, to Sir William Pickering, knight, for life, with all fees 
and profits thereunto accustomed, together with the b^- 
bage and pannage of the park thereof; paying so much 
yearly as Charles Brandon, [late brother to the Duke of 
Suffolk,] deceased, did. Dated in August. 


The office of the King^s apothecary to John Heming- CHAP, 
way, fcM" life ; and a fee of 40 marks per annum. Dated in - 

So^mber. Anno 1661. 

A gift to William Thomas [clerk of the Council] in fee- Heming- 

sim}de, of all the manor of Garway, with the appurtenances, ^^y* 


rathe county of Hereford; and divers other lands, to the*^**^'""^ 

yearly value of 351. per annum, to be held in capite by the 
iortieth part of a knight^s fee. Dated in September. 

The creation of Sir William Herbert, knight^ and his To Sir wa- 
kirs male, to the barony of Cardiff in Glamorganshire ; ^^ 
and to be lords of the Parliament, with the name, title, and 
itikte thereof. Dated in October. 

His creation to the earldom of Pembroke, with the name, To the 
title, and state thereof. Dated as above, with 40Z. by year, '*™** 
to be paid of the customs of Bristol. 

The creation of John Earl of Warwick, and of his heirs To John 
nale, to the dukedom of Northumberland, with 50 marks Warwick. 
l>y year, to be paid of the customs of Newcastle. Dated as 

The creation of Henry Marquis of Dorset, and his heirs To Henrj 
male, to the dukedom of Suffolk, with 60 marks by year, to^^J^J' ^' 
be paid of the customs of Hippeswich. Dated as above. 

The creation of William Earl of Wiltshire to the mar-ToWiUiam 
quisy of Winton, and his heirs male, with 60 marks by year, wnu! 
out of the fee-farms of Winton. Dated as above. 

To Sir John Mason, and the Lady Elizabeth his wife, To Sir John 
Uid their heirs, of the manor of Apulford in Berks, with 
fivers other lands, of the yearly value of 104Z. Bs. Gjd. 498 
C^ted in October. 

A gift to William Earl of Pembroke, and his heirs, of To William 
162?. 3*. 5d. being several rents reserved of the house and Pembroke, 
site of the late monastery of Wilton in Wilts, and divers 
other lands: as also of the manor of Bishopston, alias 
EUesborn, in the same county, of yearly value 432. 2s. Id. 
Dated as above. 

The oflSce of general warden or keeper of the marches To the 
f England, towards the parties of Scotland ; that is to say, ^IJrthum- 



BOOR to the east march, the west march, and middle marcb, mgli 
*'• the King^s dominions of Scotland, to Jchn Duke of Nor- 

Anno i65i.thumberland; with authority to do and exercise all thiiigl 
appertaining to the same office, in as large and ample imoi- 
nar, as by authority of Richard Ih Henry IV. Heniy V. 
Henry VI. Edward IV. Ridiard III. Henry VII. Hemy 
VIII. it hath been used ; and to see the same well fortified 
with weapons of war, for the safeguard of the King^s liege 
people, and the sure defence of the town and castle of Ber- 
wick: and to appoint, ordain, and constitute under him a 
sub-warden ; and to have the preeminences, liberties, and 
commodities belonging to the same office^ to him and hb 
deputies, in as large and ample manner as any heretofixe 
had the same. Dated in October. 

To Sir wn- A gift to Sir WiUiam Cecyl, and Lady Mildred his wife, 
' and to the heirs of the said William, of the manor of Beie- 
bamstow and Deping, with the appurtenances, in the coun^ 
of Lincoln ; and of the manor of Thetford-hall in the same 
county ; and also of the reversion of the manor of Barons 
down, alias Wrangdike, with the appurtenances, in tbe 
county of Rutland, granted to the Lady Elizabeth for life, 
by the King^s letters patent, dated at Westminster, on. 4 
reg. Also of the reversion of the manor of Liddington in 
the county of Rutland, granted to Greorge [Gr^ory] Lord 
Crumwel, and Lady Elizabeth his wife, during th^ lives. 
Also the moiety of the rectory of Grodstow, alias Waltham- 
sted, with divers other lands, to the value of 15^. Sf. 9)^ 
To be holden in capite by the half part of a knight^s fee. 
Dated in October. 

To Sir Ro- The office of master of the hospital of the Savoy, in the 
parish of St. Clement of Dacars, without the bars of tbe 
New Temple, in the county of Middlesex, to Sir Robert 
Bows, knight, for life, with all manors, lands, tenements) 
and hereditaments to the same belonging. Dated in No- 

To Sir John The office of clerk of the Parliament granted to Sir John 

^!^pii*"^ Mason, knight, and Francis Spilman, for their lives, with 



btQ fee :of 4(ML by year, to be paid by the keeper of the CHAP. 
mxkpet (rf the Chancery, quarterly : and the old letters ^^^' 

patents cancelled to this joint patency. Anno i66i. 

(.[.Annuities of 1002. to Richard Goodric and John Lucas. To Goodric 
(Tbese were the Eing'^s lawyers, employed by him in many 
commissions.] Dated in December. 

/ The office of deputy warden of the west marches towards To the Lord 
Jbodand, to the Lord Conyers, with the fee of 600 marks °^*"* 
per annum, and for two deputies, lOZ. per annum. Dated 
IB December. 

1: The office of deputy warden of the east marches towards To SirNic. 
&otkiid, to Sir Nic. Strelly, with the fee of 700 marks per^*""^' 
flumm: with like allowance for deputies and sergeants. 
Dated as before. 

The office of deputy warden of the middle marches, to the 499 
Lofd Ogle, with the fee of 600 marks per annum ; with like To Lord 
MDunission and authority as the others have. Dated as before. 

A grant to Sir John Mason, knight, of the lease and ^''oSir John 
fan of Yelingbery and Wormold in the county of Middle- 
ttx, in the parishes of Yelding and Fulham, demised by 
tie Bishop of London to the Duke of Somerset, being pre- 
mtly in the King^s disposition, as a chattel of the said 
Duke's. Dated as before. ^ 

- A gift to Sir Thomas Wroth, as well in consideration of To SirTho. 
li service, as of surrendering into the King's hand an an- 
Boity of 100 marks, of the manor of Lydiard in the county 
of Somerset, and divers other lands, to the yearly value of 
W. 8*. llfd. to hold partly by fealty only in soccage, and 
partly in capite : paying yearly for the manor of Thoyden 
Boys 369. for the scite and demean lands of Berden, [a 
lite piiory,] 47^. for the scite and demean of Abendon, 
U#. and for the lands and tenements in Chulden, lOd. 
nd.for the manor of Lydiard, 101. and for the manor 
of Thoyden Bois, [mistaken by the scribe for some other 
place,] 5L 18s. S^d. Dated as before. 

A^t, dated in the said month of December, to the Duke To the Duke 
of Northumberland, being the scite of the late monastery of J*^J^^^^ 
Tinmouth in the county of Northumberland, and a great land. 


BOOK number of lordships and manors more. And another gift ti 
him of the towns of Alnwick, &c. in the same ooimfj 

Adda 1651. Dated as before. 
To Row A patent to Rose Fisher, being a widow, of a sistenh^ 
within St. Bartholomew'^s hospital in Smithfidd. Dated 87th 
September. [December it should be.] 
To the Mar. A cift of the Kinff to the Marquis of Northampton, of 
thamptoD. ' aU ^^ possessions and goods belon^ng to the late fiateni- 
ties of our Lady, of St Peter and St Paul, of the Trii^) 
and of St. George, within the town of Boston in linah- 
shire : with a licence to him to erect an hospital within the 
said town of Boston ; and to give for the maintenance of th 
same, 501. of yearly revenue for ever : which hospital sUI 
be called, TTie hospital of the Jbtmdation of WUUam MaT' 
guis of Northampton. Dated January IS. 
1552. A pardon granted to Henry Nevyl, Lord Bui^venny) 
TotiieLordfor Striking a nobleman [viz. the Earl of ChrfcH^l in tke 

King's chamber of presence. Dated April 6. 
To Hainp- Clerks of the Council had these fees granted them n 
mas, and" April ; viz. to Bernard Hampton, esq. 60 marks ; to "Wit 
Wade. liam Thomas, esq. 401. to Armagil Wade, esq. 601. payable 
out of the Exchequer. Their patents for these fees boKB 
date May 12 following. 
To the Duke A patent granted to the Duke of Northumberland, of 
umberiand. ^^^ offices of the chief stewiCrdship, as well of the East Rid- 
ing in the county of _York, as also of all the King^s lord- 
ships and manors of Holdemes and Cottingham, widi the 
appurtenances, in the said East Riding ; with the grant d 
several fees belon^ng to the said several high stewardships: 
and also the authority to name and appoint, by writing un- 
der his hand, all offices of under-stewards, bailifis, eschea- 
tors, feudaries, clerks of the crown courts, and other offi- 
cers, whatsoever they be, within the East Riding, and Hd- 
dernes, and Nottingham, when they shall chance to be vdd. 
5 00 And also, that no particular officer shall grant, by ooipy of 
court-roll, or let to farm, any lands within the East BkUng 
aforesaid, without the consent of the Duke. And moreover, 
to have the keeping of the manor and park of Scroby in 


Notthigbamdiire, with the fee of 52. &. 5|d. and to have CHAR 
die barlage and pannage of the said park for term of life, ^^^' 

tx the rent of 62. to be paid at the Court of Augmentations. Anno i55i. 
Iked April 23. 

A patent granted to Sir William Sidney, of the honour To Sir Wii<* 
of Pendiurst in Kent, and of the manors of Ensfeld in"'"'^'*^- 
Cepham and Hawden in the same county, lately parcel of the 
iolieritance of Sir Rauf Fane, knight, attainted of felony ; 
and alao free warren in the park, with all the deer and co- 
mes in the said park, to him and his heirs : and also to have 
iD the lands, goods, chattels, lead, utensils, vessels, mares, 
gddings, mules, and other things, in and upon the said 
cUef mansion of Penshurst, or within the foresaid manor of 
Eoflfekl and park, which were the said Fane^s, October S 
last past, and came to the Eing^s hands by his attaint : and 
to have the issues and profits of all th^ premises from the 
day of the attainder of the said Rauf. Dated April ^. 

A patent granted to Sir Henry Gates, knight, and of theToSirHen- 
King^s privy chamber, of the chief messuage in Kew in the*^ **' 
parish of Mortlack in the county of Surrey, with the appur- 
te&ances, which came to the King^s IVfajesty by the attain* 
der of Sir Miles Partridge, to him and his heirs : as also of 
the manor of East Greenwich, by fealty in soccage, and not 
wi capUe. And to have the reversion of the advowson of 
Bernstow, after the Earl of Pembroke, if he shall fortune 
to decease without heirs male of his body begotten. And to 
kve all the issue and profits of the premises from the time 
of the attainder of the said Partridge. Dated April 26. 

Another patent to him of all the goods and chattels of To the 
Sir Miles Partridge, being at his house at Kew at the time **"*** 
of his attainder. Dated April 20. 

The King appointed for his mint Thomas Egerton,To£ger- 
esquire, treasurer of the mint of the Tower; Thomas Stan-{^^'^" 
igr, oomptroUer ; William Billingsley, assay-master; Johnimgdey, 
Mqndp^ pfovost« Dated in April. 

A patent granted to the Earl of Warwick, [Ambrose, To the Earl 
eldest son to the Duke of Northumberland,] to be master ''^^'^'*'^- 
rf the King^s horses, upon surrender of the King's letters 



BOOK patents of the same office by the Earl of Pembroke, bdif 
^^' of the date of December 58, S^ reg. tor his life: and finr the 

Anno 1552. occupation of the said office to have 100 marks at the re- 
ceipt of the Exchequer. Dated April 99. 

Td Sir Jobn A patent granted to Sir John Mason, knight, aoe of the 
Council, and Ehzabeth his wife, of the fee-farm of all (be 
manor of Wrotham in Kent, with the appurtenances, late 
parcel of the possessions of the Archbishop of Canteibuiy; 
which be extended to the yearly value of 40Z. 10*. 6ji 
Dated May S. 

To Sir John An annuity granted to Sir John Godsa}ve of 601, by the 
^' year, upon the surrender of the office of comptrolment of 
the mint in the Tower of London, durante vita. Dated as 

To SirEdw. A patent granted to Sir Edward Bray, of the constaUe* 
'*^* ship of the Tower, in reversion after the death of Sir John 
Gage, by the fee of 502. per annum. Dated May S8. 
501 A patent granted to John Earl of Bedford, and lord 

^fMf^'^P"^ seal, of the gift of Covent>-garden, lying in the ps- 
rish of St. Martin's in the Fields next Charing-cross, iridi 
seven acres called Long Acre, of the yearly value of 61 ft. 
8d. parcel of the possessions of the late Duke of Somerset 
To have to him and his heirs, to be held in soccage, and 
not in capite. Dated in May. 

To Christ's A patent granted to Christ's college in Cambridge, of the 

c^g^dge. manor of Bume in Cambridge, and the parsonage with the 
advowson of the same, in. the said Bume, late belonging to 
the priory of Bamwel in the said county : upon the surren- 
der of one annuity of Wl. granted to the said coU^ by 
King Henry VIII. to be levied yearly of the m^ior of Wet- 
ing in the county of Norfolk, inpuram et perpetuam tkt' 

To Sr A grant to Sir Roger Cholmely, of the office of chief 

Choimeiy, justice. To Henry Bradshaw, of chief baron of the Ex- 

g;;^fj^^^; J chequer. To Edmund Griffith, of the office of attiMmey- 

Gonioki. general of all the courts of record within England. And to 
Johi^ Gosnoldj of solicitor-general. Dated in June. 

L. Robert A graiit of master of the buckhounds to the Lord Rob^ 



Dudlej, for life, with the yearly fee of 332. 6s. 8d. upon CHAP, 
surrender of the same by the Earl of Warwick, [his bro- ^^^' 

dier.] Dated as before. Anno 1559. 

Remisaon of a debt owing to the King by the Duke of T<>thei>uke 
liortbumberland, in sundry particular sums, amounting to umber. 
imi.ns.Sd. Dated as above. ^»°^- 

A grant to divers persons, aliens, being bom out of the To divert 
Cng^s dominions, to detain every sum of money taxed on **"** 
fteir heads for their relief, as of the King^s gift. Dated as 

A pardon granted to Sir John York, knight, under-trea-ToSirJohn 
•urer of the coin, money, and mints within the Tower of xhrogmorl 
London and Southwark ; to Nic. Throffmorton, esquire, to°» Sir 

« , 1 - 1 ., . o.. ^ 1 'John God- 

one ot the under-treasurers of the said mmts ; to Su* John gaive, &c. 

Godsalve, knight, comptroller of the mint within the Tower; ^^^^^ 
toTha Fletewood, gent comptroller of the mint within the 
Tover and Southwark ; to William Knight of London, 
Belter, assay-^master of the said mints ; to William Dunch, 
9adkioT of the said mints; -to William BiUingsley, assay* 
Vaster of the daid mints ; to William Stanley, goldsmith, 
ttsay^naster of the said mints: lor all and all manner of 
ttiQflgressiims, contempts, abusions, and offsnces, touching 
or concerning the said mints of the Tower and South- 
wark. Dated July 21. 

A patent of licence granted to Sir John Cheke, knight. To Sir John 
one of the gentlemen of the King^s privy chamber, to li- 
c^ise at all times one of his household servants, to shoot in 
^e crossbow, handgun, hackbut, or danyhake, at certain 
fcwis or deer, expressed in his patent, notwithstanding the 
statute made to the omtrary, anno 33 Henry Y III. Dated 
«t the King's honour of Petwc»lh, July 23. 

A patent of exchange of lands, granted to Sir Thomas To Sir Tho- 
I)arcy, lord chamberlain of England, for the manors of™**^*^* 
Locton, alias diet. Loughton, Chingford Pauli, and Ching* 
tfxA Comitis; in the county of £s9ex, with the appurte- 
iMmoes; to have the manor and park of Beddington in the 
comity of Surrey, and the manor of Ravesbury in the sami^ 



BOOK county, and divers other manors and lands there ; which h 
_____ extended to the clear yearly value of 86i. Ife . 6d. 
Anno 1559. A gift to the Lady Anne Cleves, for life, in consideraticD 
^^^ of the surrender of the monastery of Bisham, of all the ma- 
Anne ^ nors and lordships of Brokefwd and Thwait in the ooun^ 
cieves. ^f Suffolk, with divers other lands, to the value of 671 ITi. 
lOd. and to pay therefore yearly 7/. 18^. 6|c2. Dated ii 
To SirTbo- A grant to Sir Thomas Wroth, of the remain of certua 
"** "* ' beddiiig and other stuff of the late Duke of Somerset's, be. 
ing in the hands of the same Sir Thomas : which is vahd 
by the clerk of the wardrobe of beds, the keeper of die 
wardrobe at Richmond, and an upholsterer at Londmi, it 
GIL Is. 9d. Dated in September. 
To Sir Ed- A patent to Sir Edward Seimour, knight, son of Edward 
jg^^^ ' late Duke of Somerset, of all the lordships and manonof 
Walton, Shedder, pud Stowey, and the park of Stowey, 
and the hundred of Winterstock, with the appurtenanoes, 
in the county of Somerset, lately the posses^cm of his ft- . 
ther : which are extended to the clear yearly value of lift 
19^. Id. to him and his heirs for ever : to be held of the 
King in capite : rent reserved 131. 19«. 8|d. Dated at Elj) 
September 6. [From his father'^s death to this time he had 
no provision made for him.] 
To John A pardon granted to John Seimour, [perhaps the Duke's 
brother,] of all treasons, &c. with all his goods and laiMb 
^^•***f N**^' A p9,tent granted of exchange by the King^s Majesty, to 
thampton. the Lord Marquis of Northampton, to have the Icnrdship 
and manor of Southwark, sometimes the Bishop of Win^ 
chester^s, for the chief or capital mese of Lamtieth, some- 
times the Duke of Norfolk's, attainted of treason. 
To Sir John A patent granted to Sir John Cheke, knight, one of 4e 
privy chamber, to be one of the chamberlains of the Ex- 
chequer, or of the receipt of the Exchequer: whidhi iwa 
once Sir Anthony WyngfeUs office, now dead : and also to 
appoint the keeper of the door of the said receipt, when the 


loom diall Ml; and the appointing of all other officers be- CHAP. 
longing to the same^ for term of Jife. Dated at Sarum, 

dbout September. Annoissa. 

A ps^nt granted to John Peter, of Exeter, gent, for the To John 
ram of 1£0/. 13^. M, to enjoy the mansion-house of the late 
adlege or chantry of Slapton in the county of Devon, 
pBicd of the possesions and -inheritance of Sir Thomas 
Arundel, knt. [executed for felony,] and also the manor of 
Norton in the said county, and parcel of the foresaid col* 
]egdy ond of the possesinons of the said Arundel. All which 
premises are extended to the yearly value of &, 8d. to 
Um and his heirs, from the feast of the Annunciation last 
past Signed September 18. 

A patent of an annuity of 102. granted to Dr. Nicols;ToDr. 
nid licence to take the bodies of prisoners, both men and '^ 
women, after their execution. [For dissecting. He was, I 
nippose, the King'^s chirurgeon or physician.] 

An annuity of 11(K. to James Moris and William Moris, To James 
fcr Adr lives : to be paid at the Augmentation, from Mi- Moris, 
diadmas, ami, 88 reg. Hen. YIII. Dated in December. 

A patent granted to Sir Henry Nevyl, knt. of the prebend 503 
rf South Cave in the county of York, with the parsonage JJ^^^^*"' 
and advowson of the said South Cave, Waddisworth, and 
Otdey; which extend to S4l. S«. 8d. Dated in January. 

A patent granted to Henry Duke of Suffolk, of the chief To the 
ineasuage and manaon, called the Minory House, within the suAiik. 
precincts of the monastery called the Minories, without 
Aldgate^ London, and divers houses in London belonging 
to the sanie: which extend to the dear yearly value of 
tSL Us. Bid. [So it is set down in Chancellor GroodncVs 
book, but in the Warrant-Book it is 37Z. 11^. 5|d] To hold 
m free soccage, and the capital house m capite: from the 
iiust of St. Michael. At Westminster. Dated Jan. 13. 

A patent granted to the Earl of Darby, to have in ex- To the Evi 
diange of Darby-place, at PaulVwharf, in the parish of °' ^^*^^' 
Sl BenetX in the dty of London, now in the tenure of Sir 
Ridiard Sackvyle, knt and divers other messuages and he- 



BO O K reditaments sold by the sidd Earl to the Kuig's Majesty, 
by his indenture bearing date November 24, mmo reg. & 

Anno i65«. certain lands, cdled Leonard's Lands, joining to the Earrt 

parks, called Knowsley-park, in the county of Lancaster, 

and lately belonging to the monastery of Bristow, of tbe 

yearly value of 90s, with other lands, &c. to the value iof 

47. 10«. and a mese and a grange, called fiadley Grai^ 

of the value of 4St8, in Cheshire : all which amount to tke 

value of 7Z. 1 %8, Dated Jan. S4. 

For the An allocate for the Duke of Suffolk {or 407. a year, 

Suffolk, given him by the King with the erection of the dukedofli 

of Suffolk, directed to the Treasurer and BarcHis of die 

Exchequer, for allowance of the same 40/. per annum. 

To Bamaby An annuity of 150Z. to Bamaby Fitz-Patric, one of the 

**'"*^*^' gentlemen of the privy chamber, during pleasure. A licence 

granted to him for this, dated February 6. 

To Sir Nic. An annuity of lOM. to Sir Nic. Throgmorton, in ooDsi- 

^jPDgmor. jgj^^Qjj ng ^g|| Qf ijjg surrender of his office of one of the 

treasurers of the coin of the mint in the Tower, as for his 
faithful service, during life : granted Jan. S8. The pateat 
bore date in February. 
To Sir An- A gift to Sir Andrew Dudley, of the manor of Mynster 
le^.^ "**' Lovel, and the hundred of Chadlington, in the counties of 
Oxoii and Glocester, to the yearly value of 54/. 1&. \\i' 
Dated in the month above. 
To the Lonl A patent granted to the Lord Robert Dudley, of the dice 
Rob. Dud- capiffj^ tranchiatorisj i. e. of chief carver, upon the sur- 
render of the said letters patents of the Duke of NcHrthinn- 
lierland his father, granted to him by King Heniy VIH- 
anno regni sui 34. for term of life ; which the Kin^* 
Majesty hath had long in his Grace^s hand : to have to tbe 
said Lord Robert for term of life, with the fee of SOL to be 
received by the hands of the treasurer and chamberlain rf 
the Exchequer. And because the said Lord hath exercised 
the said office from the feast of St. Michael hitherto, without 
feo, the King hath granted to the same as many pence 9S 
that allowance came to, of his free gift. Dated Feb. 27. 


A grant to the Duke of Northumberland, of the manor CHAP, 
wd borough of Stratford, and Old Stratfc^d, in Warwick* 

fidbir^ inth other lands, to the yearly value of 1000 marks. Anno um. 
And anoth^ gift of the lordship, manor, and castle of Eie* ^^^ 
odwcHth in' the same county, and other lands, to the yearly uvkt of 
^ue of 407. ia«. Hd. And likewise the manor and town of ^^^][||^^' 
Wellington in S^nersetshire, with divers 'other lands, c^ the 
yearly value of 1042. ISs. 5^. But for these he surrendered 
to the King the castle and manor of Tunbridge, and two 
parks, called the Postern, and the Cage ; and certain lands 
and chases of North Frith, &c. in Kent, Otford in the same 
county, and Chelworth in Wilts. Dated in February. , 

The King, in the month beforesaid, lent a ship called the To George 
Primrose, and a pinnace called the Moon, with all the tackle ^^^ ' * 
i|nd apparel to them belonging, to George Bams, mayor ofJ^oboYork, 
London, William Grarret, one of the sheriffs, John York, windi»ni. 
sod Thomas Windham ; they engaging themselves, and be- 
ing bound to deliver to his Majesty^s use by Midsummer 
lfi54, another ship and pinnace of like goodness and burden. 
[These ships were set forth for the great adventure into the 
east by the north seas, by the encouragement of Sebastian 
Gabato, a great seaman. They set forth a month or two 
after, being conmianded by Sir Hugh Willoughby, who pe- 
rished in the adventure in the northern parts. But it had 
this advantage, that hereby the trade into Rusffla was dis- 

A privilege granted to William Seres, stationer and book- To ^imtm 
seller, to print all books of private prayers, called Primers, ^^*' 
as shall be agreeable to the Book of Common Prayer esta- 
blished in the Court of Parliament : and that none else do 
print the same, upon pain of forfeiture of the same. Pro- 
vided, that before the said Seres and his assigns do begin to 
{nrint the same, he shall present a copy thereof to be allowed 
by the Lords of the Privy Council, or by the King^s Chan- 
cellor for the time being, or by the King'^s four ordinary chap- 
lains, or two of them. And when the same is or shall be from 
time to time printed, that by the said Lords and others of 
the said Privy Council, or by the Lord Chancell(»', or with 

Q 4 


BOOK the advice of the wardens of the occupation, the rea«xiid>]e 
price thereof to be set, as well in the leaves, as bdng boond 

Anno 1659. in paste or board, in like manner as is expressed in the end 
of our Book of Common Prayer. March 4, an. 7. 

To.orifith A patent to GriiBth Leyson, LL. D. of a manor caDed | 

^^'^^ Tresberket, in New Carmarthen, lately belonging to tlie 
"pAxxj of Carmarthen, with the appurtenances, and otihar 
lands, &c. Dated March 9. Paying yearly 892. I69. lOd. 

To Sir . A patent granted to Sir Philip Hoby, of the monasteqr 

^ ^'of Bisham in Berks, with all the grange within the wd 

monastery, and the advowson and right of patronage to die 

vicarage, &c. extending to the value of 612. 19f. 8ci. And 

that he may convert the foresaid rectory, with its appwte- 

nances, glebe, and profits, to his on^ use. Dated Mardift 

To WUL A purchase to William Crowch, esq. and Susan his irif^ 
Cfpwch. ^^^ ^j^^ ^^^ ^j ggg^ ^ g^ ^£ jj ^^^ lordship and manor 

of/ Hampton, and all the hundred of Hampton in die 
county of Somerset, with all the rights and appurtenances 
505 whatsoever, late parcel of the lands, revenues, and posses- 
sions of the Bishop and bishopric of Bath and Wells : ani 
also all the lands, meadows, pastures, &c. called by die 
name of Cleves ; and all the land, &c. called Archers Meads, 
&c. lately belonging to the monastery of Henton. Dated 
March 15. 
To Sir Rog. A purchase to Sir Roger Chplmely, lord chief justice of 
Choimeiy. England, and Lady Christine his wife, for the sum of «4«. 
of the lordships and manors of East [Ham], West Ham, and 
Placy, in the county of Essex ; late parcel of the possesooBS 
belon^g to the late monastery of Stratford Langton: 
which are extended to the sum of \91. 6s. March S4. 
ToL.P»get. A grant to William Lord Paget, of Beaudesert, andtQ 
his posterity for ever, to give in hb arms, sables, a cross ' 
engrailed between four eaglets, argent ; upon the cross five 
lioncels passant sable, armed and languid, gules. And to Us 
crest, upon the helm, a demy tiger, sable, rampant, fashed, 
toothed, with a crown about the neck, argent, upon i 
wreath, argent and sables, mantled of the same. WUch 
arms was given him before by a king of arms that could 


lot give it; and bow oonfirmed by the King's Majesty. CHAP. 
Dated March 81. ^"' 

A wardship or custody granted to the Earl of Warwick, Anno iMt. 
d Edward Seimour, knt. with an annuity of 5102. 9s. 6d, 
growing and coming out of certain manors in Dorsetshire, 
Somerset, and Wilts, for the education of the said Edward : 
which lands were appcnnted and assigned out by the master 
and council of the wards, by virtue of the King'^s warrant. 
Dated Mardi 30. 

A purdiase granted to the Lady Johan Denny, widow ^^^9. 
[of Sir Anthony Denny, of King Henry's privy chamber], Dcnoy. ' 
for the sum of S^^. Us. 0|d. [so in Chancellor Goodrick's 
^er, but m the Warrant-Book 4102Z. 7^.] of the l(»xlships 
and manors of Waltham and Nasing, with the appurte- 
nances, -with a fullingmiil and two watermills, late parcel 
of the dissolved abbey of Waltham-cross in Essex, with the 
parsonage and church of Mettingham, and advowson of the 
Hune; and the parsonage and church of Sibton, and advow- 
aoii of the same ; late parcel of the possessions of the Duke of 
Norfolk, &c. extending unto the yearly value of 1082. 4^. 8d. 
To have to her and her heirs the manors in capite, the rec- 
tories in soccage. Dated April 16. an. reg. 7. 

A pardon granted to the Earl of Westmerland, of all '^o the Earl 
ireascms, as well greater as less, and concealments of trea-meriand' 
^008, misprisions, insurrections, rebellions, confederades, 
conspiracies, imaginations, and abetdpgs, procurations, com- 
pletions, unlawful uttering of words, before the SOth day 
^ March: and all other murders, homicides, accessaries, 
<Uid flights for the same. And all heresies, and heretical 
Ofmiions, and undue uttering of words against the King and 
ills counsellors. Dated April 17. 

A gift to Sir Thomas Wroth in fee-simple, of all thcToSirTho. 
scite of the monastery of Abendon, and St. John's chapel, ^"*''' 
lying in St. MichaePs church in Abendon, in Berks, with 
livers other lands, &c. to the yearly value of '52. 14«. Dated 
n March. 

An exchange made between the King's Majesty and the To the Lord 
joxA Darcy, lord chamberlain. The King granting to the ^*^^' 


BOOK same Lord the manor of Clarkton, with the appurtenanees^ 
» ^^' in the county of Essex, sometime parcel of the bishopric d 

Anoo 1668. London ; with the lands called Westwick, and the pads d 
606 Alton and Clarkton, with the man(Mr of Weylech, with the 
free warren of deer in Weyleche-park : and all the maner 
of CanonshaU, with the parishes of Much CladLton, littk 
Clackton, and Little Holland : and all those the manon, 
lordships, and tenements of Wiglarrow in Chiche, with the 
advowson of Eenne in the county of Devon, and ChurchtoQ 
in the county of Stafford. And the King^s Majesty hath 
of the said Lord Darcy all his manors, or late prebendsof 
Wollesgrove, and Towford, Henstue, Folecros, with diven 
other lands in the county of Devon, with the manor of 
Creditcm, with all the lordship or manor, hundred and bo- 
rough, late part of the bishopric of Exeter ; and the mamr 
of Weachton, Underwold, in the county of York, with the 
advowson and parsonage of Morchard Bishop, called Bi 
shop^s Morchard, in the county of Devon, &c. 
ToWUiiam A pardon granted to William Worthington, bdng ifr 
Worthing, jebted to the King for and concerning the office of baiM 

and collecUH- of the rents and revenues of all the mancm 
messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments within th 
city of London and the county of Middlesex, which dk 
belong to colleges, guilds, fraternities, or free chapels, n 
the sum of 892Z. 10^. 3d. as upon the foot of his account 
made by the said William before Thomas Mildmay, audito 
of the said revenues, manifestly in it doth appear : in god 
sideration of his service both in France and Scotland, am 
also his daily service and attendance, being one of the or 
dinary gentlemen and pensioners ; and for that debt giev 
by the unfiuthfuluess of his servant, who ran away with th 
same. Granted in March, but the patent signed in April* 
To Sir Hen- The office of keeping the chief mansion at Otford to Si: 
ry Sydney. He^jy Sydney for life, with the fee of two pence a day: th 
office of steward of the honour of Otford, with the fee < 
61. 13^'. Sd. per ann. and the keeping of the woods thei< 
with the fee of two pence a day : the office of bailiff of tl 
manor : the office of bailiff of the manors of Gravesend as 


MKlton : the keeping of the great park there : the office of CHAPi , 
under-steward there : the office of steward of the manor of ^^^. 
Swinsoomb : the keepmg of the mdnor of Knol, with the Aono idsa, 
pirHen and orchard : the keeping of the park at Knol : the 
keq)ing of the woods there : the office of under-steward of 

the manor of Knol, with the respective fees : and a lease to 

bnn of the little park of Otford. Dated in April. 
A grant to Sir Henry Sdmoiir, for hfe, of the manors of To Sir Hen. 

Somerford and Hum, with the appurtenances, in the county 

of Southampton, and divers other lands, to the yearly value 

of flOfU. 69, dfcL without account rendering, or paying any 

dung therefore. Dated as before. 
The office of chancellor of the order of the Garter to Sir To Sir Will. 

William Cecyl, knt. with the fee of 100 marks per ann. ^*''^^- 

dttrii^ his life, to be paid at the Exchequer half yearly. 

Bated as above. 
A grant for the establishing of the corporation of StToSUAi^- 

Alban's in the county of Hereford, [Hertford,] with cer- 

t«m liberties therein mentioned ; and for the erecticm of a 

free grammar-school there ; with a grant of the late abbey 507 

ofauich to be their parish church. Dated as above. 
Apurchase to the Lady Denny in April, for 11092. 7*. Ofd. To the Ladf 

of certain mancnrs, lands, &c. in the counti^ of Essex and ^^^' 

Sufelk, of the yearly value of J.53/. 4^. Hd. 
A patent dated in April, for augmentation of a bordureTotheLoHl 

of lioDs^ legs to the Lord Wharton^s ancient arms. 
A purchase to Sir William Petre, knt of the manor of To Sirwui. 

Shapwich, Murlinch, and Ashcote, and the hundred of * **' 

Whittelegh, in the county of Somerset, and divers other 
Jaods in Devon ; for the sum of 5542. IZs. Id. of the yearly 
^ue of 77/. 6s. 3^. to him and his heirs for ever. Bearing 
date April 8. 

A passport to the Archbishop of Athens, to pass through To the 
tbe realm into Scotland, with twelve persons in hiis company, of Athens. 
Dated in April. 

The erection of the county palatine of Durham, to con- Durham 
inue fr<»n henceforth in such manner and degree as is men- ^^ ^^ 
oned in the letters patents : wherein shall be appointed ifttine. 


BOOK such numbers of judges, officers, and ministen, as be requi- 
^* site to supply the same ; and a great seal and privy seal 

Adbo 1658. And the same county palatine shall be united to the impe-' 

rial crown of England. Dated as before. » 

To tiie A enft to the Duke of Northumberland, and to his hm 

Northum- male, of the castle called Bemard^s Castle, within the U* 
beriand. ghopric of Durham, [or] in the county of Northumbedaod, 
with divers lands, to the yearly value of 2S92. &. f^ 
Dated as before. 
To tiie The office of steward of all the honours, castles, manon) 

**°^' lordships, lands, &c. in the counties of Cumberland, North- 
umberland, Westmerland, and York, or any otherwhere 
within the bishopric of Durham, to the said Duke of North- 
umberland for life, with the several fees of 502. 13f. 4d 
to the same offices belonging. Dated in the said UMHith of 
To Sir John A grant to Sir John Mason, knt and to the inhabitants 
Mason. ^^f ^^ ^^^^^ ^f Abendon in Berks, that there shall be an 
hospital in Abendon, called Christ^s Hos[ntal, to continue 
for ever, with twelve governors : with a gift to the same 
governors, and to their successors, of the messuage and te- 
nement called the Antelope, in Abendon, with divers otber 
lands, &c. to the yearly value of 65Z. 11^. lOd. Dated in Hay. 
To Sir John A gift to Sir John Gates, of the manor of Hursbourn, 
^■**^ in the county of Southampton, with divers other lands, to 
the yearly value of 203Z. 10*. 0|d. with a further grant 
that there shall be for ever one market and two fairs at 
Ringwood. Dated in May. 
To Sir John A gift the same month to Sir John Cheke, and his heirs 
^*'*^** male, of Clare in Suffi3lk, with divers other lands, to the 

yearly value of lOOZ. 
To New- A grant to the mayor and burgesses of Newcastle upon 
Tine, of the fee-farm of the lordship, manor, town, and bo- 
rough of Gateshed, lately parcel of the possessions of the U- 
shopric of Durham, with divers other lands, to the yearly va- 
lue of 2^1. 8ld. to be holden in free burgage. Dated in May. 
508 Many lands and manors passed away by purchase {rmn 
the King^ this month of May. 


A grant in June to the Lady Mary'^s Grace, during her CHAP. 
fife, of the castle and manor of Hertford, the manor of 

Hardngford-bury, the pu-ks' of Hertford and Hartingford- Anno 155a. 
bury, with the appurtenances, in the county of Hertford; J^^*^^^ 
the manor and park of Wikes in E^sex : to the yearly vidue 
dm. ^. Sid. 

^The office of master and overseer of the King'^s bears, To Catbert 
bulls, and dogs, to Cutbert Vaughan for life, with all pro-^*"^**^' 
fits to the same belonging: and to take up mastiff dogs, 
bears, and bulls, at reasonable prices. Dated in June. 

A gift to the Lord Robert Dudley, of the manor ofToL.Rol>t. 
Corsy and Saxlingham in Norfolk, of the yearly value of 
14K IQs. 4d. Dated as above. 

A gift to the Duke of Northumberland, of the manors To the 
cf Feckenham^ Bromesgrove, and King^s Norton, in Wor-jjorthum- 
ce^ershire, of the yearly value of 8001. Dated as above, beriand. 

A purchase for 687/. 6*. 6d. to Sir William Cecyl, of allToSirWUL 
the lands, meadows, pastures, feedings, now or of late in ^^ ' 
the tenure of William Broke, dying at Collyweston in 
Northampton, with other lands, to the yearly vfdue of 80/. 
1&. 5|</. Dated as above. 

The office of keeping the house and park at Eltham, to To Sir John 
% Jdm Grates, and the park of Horn, and the office of 
steward of the manor of Eltham. Dated as above. 

The Lord Clinton appointed the chief order, rule, and'^o*''®^'^ 
safe custody of the Tower of London, with such numbers 
as are appointed by his Highness. Dated as above. 

A pardon and discharge to the Earl of Arundel for To the Earl 
10,000 marks, acknowledged by him to owe unto the Eing'^s 
Majesty by recognizance, upon certain considerations in the 
same expressed. Dated as above. 

A purchase to Sir William Petre, knt. of certain tenths, To Sir Will. 
BDounting to the yearly value of 15/. Is. S|(/. reserved to 
he King'^s Majesty out of the manors of Engerston, Hend- 
ej, Cawondel, abas Thorowden, in Essex ; the manors of 
^eddenham and Sutton in the county of Glocester; the 
lanor of Churchsto in the county of Devon ; paying for 
e same 707/. 4^. ^. to him and his h€|irs. June SS. 


BOOK A pardon granted to Peter Osbom, [officer in the £x- 
"• chequer,] for aU manner of accounts and reckoningB, as weB 

Anno 1653. of such sums of money as he hath received of the arresr- 
Tb Peter ^g^ ^f ^^ King^s Majestj^s debts, as other sums of money 
received for his Highnesses special affairs, and by Mr. Vice* 
chamberlain''s appointment, to the sum of SO^O^d?. wludi 
he hath issued out by sufficient warrants, as in the declara- 
tion of his accounts appeared. Together with his dischaige 
for 1062. taken away in the chamber, where the King doth 
commonly hear the sermons. Dated June 25. 
To the Earl A gift to John Earl of Bedford, and Edmund Downing, 
^ ' gent, of the manor of Boiton or Barton de Bridge, with the 

appurtenances, in the county of Comwal, and other manon 
in Wilts, and other parcels of the bishopric of Woroestor, 
509 and divers other manors in other counties ; extending to 
the full value yearly of 78/. Ss. Id, to them and their heirs: 
paying yearly out of the manor of Boytcm 41. 17s. and from 
Lurgishal 72. 6^. ^. Dated June 19* 
To the Earl A gift to the Earl of Shrewsbury, of the capital mei- 
bury. suage of Coldharborow, in Thamesrstreet, London, beloi^- 
ing lately to the bishopric of Durham, with the appurte- 
nances to the same messuage belonging : and all those ax 
messuages and tenements late in the teniu*e of Heniy Pol- 
ston, and others, in the parish of St. Dunstan in the East 
in London, with divers other lands belon^g to Sir John 
Robert, of Knaresborow, and the priory of Pomfret, in the 
county of York ; to him and his heirs : to the yearly value 
of 6&. 16s. l^d. Dated June 30. 
To Anth. A purchase made by Anthony Brown, [of South Weald in 
Brown, esq. £53^^^] esq. in reversion of the Lady Anne of Cleves, the 
manor of Costed-hall, with the appurtenances, in the county 
of Essex, with all the fairs and markets in Brentwood; 
which were pait of the possessions of Thomas Crumwel, knt 
late Earl of Essex ; and are extended to the yearly value of 
ni. Ss. 4d. to have to the said Anthony, and his wife JohsD, 
and their heirs for ever. Dated June 28. 
To Spainy A purchase to Edward Spidny and John Baspole, gentle^ 
p^i^^ "' men, for the sum of 4362. 1S«. id. of Leman'^s manor in the 


county of Norfolk, and the parsonage of Tamstale, of the ^U^^' 
late possessions of the house of Sybton, in the county of. 

Suffolk; with certain other lands and tenements, extended ^^^*^^**** 
to the clear yearly value of ^L ISs. S^d. to hold the said 
manor of Leman^s in capite^ of the fiftieth part of one 
knight^s fee, and the rectory in soccage. * Signed at West- 
minster, July 1. 

The same 1st of July was granted them a fee-farm, in To the 
reversion of the Duchess of Richmond, and Countess of 
Nottingham, of the scite of the late monastery of Westacre, 
and the lordship and manor of Westacre, and Ousthorp ; 
and the parsonage of Westacre, and all the appurtenances, 
in the county of Norfolk ; with two warrens of conies, 
irfridi they call Wycan Warren, and the other Ousthorp, 
infli a mill, and a meadow, called Will'*s Meadow, atid the 
pnrsonage and church of Ousthorp and Westacre ; and all 
die lordship and manor of iQreat* and Little Walsingham, 
inth all the lordships and manors of Betts and Hadshaws, 
in the county of Norfolk. Which are extended to the 
yearly value of ^IZ. 14^. 9^^. to have to them and their 
lieirs for ever. Paying thence yearly 62Z. 6s. 

A pardon granted to John Towly of London, pultor : To John 
^ pardon of his lands and goods. Dated July 6. [This^°^^' 
yf9B but the day before the Eing'^s death, and, I suppose, 
the very last that ever he signed.] 


A collection of various letters, warrcmtSj cmd licences Jrom 

the King, both tojbreigners and his subjects. 

T' . "^ . . " 

give a further insight into the transactions of this 

leign, I shall now set down ofher matters that passed from 

the King and Council, viz. 

IV. Letters, warrcmts, licences, cmd passports. 

A passport to Dr. James Omphalius, stranger, to go into 
Planders, with three servants, three horses, three hundfbfl 


BOOK crowns, with all other necessaries. Dated in Nov< 
"• 1650. 

Anno 1660. A letter to the Bishop of Colen, advertising him 
?c^r ®P* the King hath received his letters sent unto his Hif 

by James Omphalius. Dated as before. 

To the A letter of answer to Otto, Duke of Brunswick, that 

Biro * ^^ck ^® required of the King money and aid by his letten 

his Highness would have been willing to have grantee 

his request, if for the necessity of his reign and affairs 

the contrary he were not forced. Dated in Novembei 

To the A letter to the mayor, aldermen, and commons < 

d^en &c.^^y ^^ London, in favour of Henry Fisher, that hi 

of London, succeed Thomas Hays in the room and office of cha 

lain of the said city, void by the death of the said Tb 

Dated as before. 

To the Lft* A warrant to errant to my Lady Elizabeth'^s Grac 

K- «»u»p ««i .u^ or ^uta'iu,™,, d^tag h 

nority, with the keeping of the manor of Overton Looj 
and the advowson of the church o£ Overton Longfic 
Huntingdonshire, without fine or accounts making. ] 
in December. 

To the Da- ' A warrant to grant to Katharin Duchess oi Suffol 

Suffolk.^ wardship of Henry Duke of Suffolk, [her son,] anc 
nes Woodhil* : allowing her for the keeping of them 
a year. A warrant afterwards, allowing lOOZ. moi 
keeping the Duke, and fMl. more for the said Agnes 
ing their minority: and the grant of the wardshij 
marriage of them to be^n from Michaelmas, an. 1 
Dated in December. 

To Jugg j^ licence to Jugg, citizen and stationer of Londoi 

' to his sufficient deputies, to print the New Testamc 

511 English, as well in great volumes as in small, for the 

of — years, next ensuing the date hereof. Dated i 


ToMurga- A letter to Mar&raret- Birkenhead, widow, in favc 

ret Birken- ° ' - 


* She seems to have been of the noble family of the Woodyiles, th 

Earls Rivers ; Elizabeth of that name, Edwaid IV. made his Queen : « 

sister was married to Henry Duke of Bucks. 


tedst AttOD, that the will, at the oontemplatkiii of the CHAR 
King's letters, take in marriage the said Peter. Dated as ^^^^- 

befere. Aww iftM« 

A warrant to Sir l^^Uiam Petre, to pay to Sir JohnTb&rWUU 
Markham [lieutenant of the Tower] for ihe necessary ap> ^^'*' 
psrel of William Courtney, [a prisoner in the Tower fk»m 
Ik childhood, son and heir of the Marquis of Exeter, be- 
boded,] the sum of OSL &8. 8d. and for his spending mo- 
Mjr SOL payable at the feasts of the Annunciation of our 
Lidy, the Nativity of St. Jcltm Baptist, St. Michael, and 
Christmas. Dated in February. • 

A Uke warrant to Sir William Petre, to pay Sir John To tht 
MaiUiam, far the necessary apparel of the late Duke of**™*' 
Norfdk [a prisoner] the sum of 73/. Bs* 4d. and for his 
qpendmg money 80/. at the feasts mentioned in the other 
nnant Dated in February. 

A letter to the Earl of Bedford, warden of the stannery To the 
of Devon, to summon before him, or his deputy, at a place f^^d.^ 
oiled Crockroitor within the said stannery, four and twenty 
of tbe disereetest tinners of every stannery ; and to reform 
all sodi laws and customs as be amiss therein : and to set 
flicfa good laws and orders as be requisite for the preserva- 
tin of the said stannery* Dated in February* 

A letter undirected, in the presence of Mr. Vice-Cham^ To deface 
bolam and Sir Anthony Aucher, to take all manner of gar^- f|]^^^^^^ 
nliments, and apparel of sihrer and gold, and to deliver it in Wett- 
tothe said Sir Anthony ; and to deface and carry away out 
of tbe hbrary at Westminster all books of miperstition. 
Dtted as above. 

A letter undirected, in fSavour of Edward RanddpAi, In Hrtmr 
villiiig and eommandhig him, in conndeniUon of the faith- lundoiph* 
inl service done by tbe said Edward to the King^s Majesty, 
to make him a lease in reversion of the demeans of tbe 
whole possesmm of the abbey of Ccmnel, in the comity of 
Kldare, in the realm of Ireland, for twenty-^xie years, now in 
the occtipaticm of Cteiard Sutton. Dated in Mardi. 

A licewe to Bafe Hepton md faia wifSr, with two orT^Mi 
VOL. n. PAST II. a 


BOOK three guests to eat flei^ in Lent^ and other fSASting d 
during his life. Dated in March. 

Anno 1560. A licence to Sir Edward Warner, and Elizabeth his^ 

^^J^'^'with two or three guests, to eat flesh and white mea 

Lent, and on other fSEisting days, during his hfe. Dat< 


1561. A warrant undirected, to pay the Bishop of Norwid 

the^th^"*^^^* diet, from the 10th of April last, until his return 

ofNorwicb^of the uorth], 40^. by the day: and to Sir Robert S 

*^' 8fo. 8d. Dated in March. 

To Sir An- A recognizance to Sir Andrew Jud, mayor of the 

of London, and the commonalty of the same, that the 

shall discharge them, their successors, lands, possesi 

and goods whatsoever, as well beyond the seas, as on 

ffide the same, for the payment of certain sums of n 

Flemish, which they stand bound for to Anthony Fi 

and his nephews, to be paid at Antwerp. Dated in A; 

512 A letter to the Earl of Wiltshire, declaring, tha 

Ifw^tt^^ King's pleasure is, that he call to him Sir Walter Mild 

knt. and of such treasure as remaineth in his hand i 

Tower of London, to deliver to the Lord Clinton one ( 

of gold of the order of the Garter, with a George ther< 

appendant : taking of him so much gold of the same 

ness, as the same collar shall amount unto, or the 

thereof: and that he deliver also to the Lord Marqi 

Northampton, one garter, with a George of the best 

The same collar and garter to be employed upoi 

French King. Dated in April. 

To the A letter to the French King, declaring that the B 

King. Majesty, with others of the honourable Garter, hath el 

and taken him into the same order, the ^4th of I 

[being the day foDowing the feast of St. George,] acco 

to the old and ancient custom. Dated in May. 

To Sir A warrant to Sir Ralph Sadler, to deliver to Ed 

ler. Lord Clinton, lord admiral, who is now elect and choe 

be of the right honourable order of the Garter, for his 
of the same order, eighteen yards of crimson velvet, fc 


gown, hood, and tippet, and ten yards of white saitmet for CRAP. 
the lining of the same. Dated in May. ^^^'* 

A warrant to Sir Wilham Cavendish, to allow William Abmiui. 
Thomas, clerk of the Coundl, gixng over into France in^JIJ^'** 
quality of ambassador, for his diet 40f. a day ; and to thenq. 
Marquis of Northampton lOiL a day; and to Sir Philip 
Hoby 5 marks a day. Dated in May. 

A warrant to Sir William Cavendish, for Sir Gilbert FV>r Sir 
Dethic, knt alias Garter, principal king of arms, attending thic,kiit. 
the Lord Marquis of Northampton in his ambassade to the 
french King, to have for his diet 90s. by the day, fktim the 
Uth of April last, unto his return to the Elng^s presence ; 
and for his reward 20^. by the day : and to allow for his 
poBdng and transporting, both outward and homeward, of 
Urn and his train, and also for certain robes of the order, 
nd other things necessary, such sums of money as by his 
bill subscribed he shall ngnify. And further, to allow him 
6r the diet of Chester herald 6*. by the day, and 6*. in re- 
ward by the day : and for the diet of Rouge Dragon pur- 
niivant fe. 6d. by the day, and 2*. 6d. reward also by the 
day: and also for their posting money according to the* 
tenor aforesaid. Dated as afore. 

A warrant to Sir Ralph Sadler, to deliver to Sir GilbcTt Kor tli# 
Dethic three yards of cloth of gold, two yards of clotli of 
ffAA tissue, and sixteen yards of blue velvet : which vhall 
be for the banner, for the mantles of the helmet, and thi* 
lining of the same, for the installation of the French King. 
Bated as afore. 

A warrant to Sir William Cavendish, to pay to KirKw Ifii 
Thomas Smith, sent into France, for his diet, (wm llii* ''***'•*** 
i9th of April last, unto his return to the King^s prt^WA*^ 
K. by the day : defSdking out of the same 100/. whii;h h*' 
lath already received in prest. Dated as afore. 

A posspoort to the Bishop of Ely to go into France in '"•'^^;j^**^1{J' 
mbassade thither. Dated in May. 

A warrant undirected, to deliver to him 9000 Frwuh A I H 
towns, taking of him sufficient bond for the repay WM?ni t^f!^^^ J'^'JjJ, 
le same in like crowns, or other eold of the uam ntunmm^ lfr$u^ 

a 2 


BOOK and of that value: and also to simdry othar iioUemea v^d 
gentlemen, as shall attend upon the Lraxl Marquis of Noillt> 

Anno 1661. ampton in his ambassade, 4000 French crownfi a^neoe, taking 
likewise of every of them bonds of repaymait. Dated m 
For Dr. A warrant for aUowance of Jphn Olyv^, doctor of the 

^^'' civil law, one of the two lawyers [Sir Thomas Smith the 
other] appointed to go with the Mfurquia of Northampton 
into France, four marks by the day lo^ his ^t. Dated as 
To cetM A warrant to the Exchequer, where John Forster, rf 
of AndKw London, gave information to the officers, that Andrew \i^ 
CuUer, &c. j^^^ Richard Westerfield, Roger Ireland, John Bound, and 
William Wright, of London, by the space of two hundrad 
days, in the parish of St. Benet, in iKUidon, did maintain a 
certain house of playing at dice a^d cards, contrary to ih^hw 
provided theref(H^, forthwith they have forMted ev^ one 
40^. to surcease for ever of all processes, executions, quar- 
rels, and demands : so that they be discharged of the pre- 
mises. Dated in May. 
To pay the ^ warrant undirected, to pay to certain of the Lady Anacs 
of cieve's of Cleve^s officers, viz. to the chamberlain 9ISL 13^. id* to 
®®^"- her receiver 2W. to her coffisrer 2W. to her comptroller 131 
fo. Sd. to Dr. Cornelius A61. 13^. 4d. to Chard 207. toHo^ 
ven 9Sl. 6«. 8d. to Bronkehosen 10/. to Lodwic 62. IS^. ii 
to John SchcJebormve, and to some others, footmen and 
others, &c. And to pay the same, whether the officers be 
placed or displaced. Dated in June. 
For Sir A letter undirected, where the King hath given to Sir 

Sir PhUip ' John Gates, Sir Philip Hoby, Sir Henry Seimour, Sir An- 
Hen^* slu ^^^ Dudley, knts. and Henry Nevyl, and William Fiu- 
monr, &c. Williams, esqs. certain manors, lands, tenements, &c. to them 
and their heirs, parcel of the castles, lands, and tenements) 
lately had of the Bishop of Winchester, that pertained to 
the bishopric, with the rents and profits, &c. And wfaeie 
the King hath granted to Sir Thomas Wroth an annuity of 
low. going out of the manor of Ta,untoH, and out of c^lm 
lands, &c belonging to the same bishopric ; his Majesty's 

09 SING &DWARi) YI. 345 

pteasnre ie, that he aocoant and pay to them all the said CHAP. 
rents, issues, and profits, 6oming and growing of the said 

Manors from Micbaeltnas last forwards : and the annuity to Anno 1551; 
Sir Thomas Wroth from the death of Sir Francis Brian. 
Bated in June. 

A letter undirected^ for the eastle of Dover to be sur- For the 
veyed, and theredpon. to be repaired sufficiently without de^oo^er. 
hy. Dated as before. 

A letter to the warden tA the stannery of Cornwall, toTothefrwr- 
Aimmon widun the town of Lostwithiel four and twenty of stanneiy. 
the most substantial and discreet tinners of every stannery ; 
wA theife td raake^ amende and reform all sik^h lafws, cus- 
toms, emmnitiei^, atid other things to are amiss, and needful 
io be redressed within the scud stannery, for the quietness 
and good gov^iUment of the tinners there, the preservation 
Af the said iSlftniif^ry, and for the commonwealth of the 
>eahi : and to |nit the said 6rde]^ and laws^ strictly in execu- 
tibli. Daitecf in Ji^ne. 

A licence to Grebrge CMdley, to wear his cap iii the King's To Geoiife 
presence, or elsewhere^ without let or trouble of any man. 
Ottted in July. 

A klt«r tor the Eail of l)ai'by, declaring the King's Ma- 514 
jesty is well pleased with his son the Loi-d Strange, that •^^ J^^JJl^^"* 
shall solemnize marriage with his* Majesty's kinswoman the 
Lady Margaret, daughter to the Duke of Somerset, his 
ffi^ness's uncle. Dated in July. 

A warrant to the sul*vdyor (rf Essex, to deliver to Sir^orSirWU- 
William Petre twenty good oaks, fit for timber, within 
H^sefiith park, in the same county. Dated in August 

A warrant to' the cbffisrer and clei^k of the household, fo Henry Syd- 
pay Hairy Sydney, admitted one 6f the chief gc^tMiien of "*^' 
Ma M^esty'is pnvy chamber in th6 Loi^d Darcy's roomy lOOZ. 
A^year, payable quarterly. 

A licence to Sir Thoidtos Wroth, to give licence to any To SirTho. 
ode of his servants, from time to time, to shoot in any cross- 
baw or handgun, at all knld of fowls^ and with licence of 
the owner, at all manner of d^er, red and fallo^^. Dated in 
September: [For in th^ Sd aiid 3d of the King, all such 



BOOK shooting hailshot at any fowl was fcnrbidden to all under tbe 
^^' degree of a lord of the Parliament.] 
Anno 1551. A Warrant to the Lord Marquis of Dorset, and Locd 
For the Cobham, to accept into the order of the Garter the LoA 
Darcy, and to give, him his oath, according to a cluqpta 
holden at Hampton Court by the King and his brethren, 
the S8th of September. Dated in October. 
To Sir Phi- Licences to Sir Philip Hoby, Sir John Gates, Edward | 
sfr John* Lord Clinton, Sir John Mason, for life, with as many as 
Gates^ &c ghall come to their tables, to eat flesh and white meatis in 

Lent and other fasting days. 
To Sir An. A warrant to the master and officers of the Court of 
' Wards and Liveries, to deliver to Sir Anthony Cook dight 
obligations, wherein he standeth bound for the paymait of 
200/. at several days, for the wardship and marriage of 
William Shelly. And also to discharge him of a yearly 
rent of 47/. Gs. 8d. for the manors of Boxsted and Great 
Horsly, in the counties of Essex and Suffolk, which the 
King hath forgiven him. Dated in November. 
For Sir A warrant dated in November, to the Duke of Northum- 

ham. ^ ' berland, William Earl of Pembroke, &c. to discharge Sir 
Edmund Peckham [treasurer of the mint] in his account 
which he presently yieldeth to them, the several sums of 

ab . s* a* 
2333 6 8 
10642 4 11 q. 
which the King, for divers considerations, hath forgiven 
him. [Sir John York, sub-treasurer, and divers other officers 
of the mint, had these kind of pardons in December.] 
To the Bi- A licence to John [Scory] bishop of Rochester, and EB- 

cheJte/ ^' 2^^^^^ ^^s ^^^^9 t® ^*^ *®s^ i^ L^^^» *"^ ^^^^^ fasting daysj 
during his life. Dated in November. 

To the Lord A letter to the Lord Chancellor, to cause a sufficient com- 
Chanceiior. ^iggion to be made, and sealed with the great seal of Eng- 
land, of oyer and terminer, to the Lord Marquis of Win- 
chester, that he may thereby be the King^s seneschal *^ 


vmca vice taniumj fat the heumg and detensmiiig of the CHAF. 
treasons and fekinies of the Duke of Somerse t ; giving the___ 

date of the said comraiflBon the liSlh ci this month [of No- Aimm imi. 
vember]. And ako to cause a oommisskm of oyer and ter-^ ^^ 
miner to be directed to the two chief justices, and to their 
associates: so that the said justices, and any other three of 
their sociates, be of the quorum of the said commission : and 
the saine to be dated the 29th of this mcmth ; for the trying 
hj the order of the laws. Sir Michael Stanhope, Sir Thomas 
Arundel, Sir Rafe Fane, and Sir Miles Partridge, knts. John 
Nudigate, and John Seimour, indicted with the said Duke. 

Another letter to the said Lord Chancellor, to cause the To tht 
eommissioh of oyer and terminer, made to the chief justices'^'''*' 
of both the Eing^s Benches, for the trial of the treasons of 
Sir Michael Stanhop, and others, to be made again to the 
Earl of Bedford, Viscount Hereford, Lord Cobham, the 
Lord Chief Baron, and after appointed in the said commis- 
sioQ. Dated in November. 

A warrant to Sir Anthony Darcy [who was now come To Mr An* 
into the room of Sir Arthur Markham] for the diet of ihe^^^^^' 
Duke of Norfolk every month sithence the 29th of October 
Itst, ^. and for the diet of his man, every month S6f , 8d. 
And for wood, coal, and candle, S2s. 

And for the diet of Edward Courtney monthly, 5/. B», 
accounting twenty-eight days to the month : and SOs. tar 
bis servant : and 8^. for wood, coal, and candle Dated in 

A warrant to the Chancdior of the Augmentation, and To tM 
other oflScers there, to pay to Thomas Bishop at Ely, ta^^l^J^^ 
^m the King hath committed the custody of the geat seal, iwintMJHmn. 
fix his wages, diet, and lively of himself, and his minifliters 
<tf die Chancery, in as large manner as the Ijord Rich or 
^odier had, from the £2d of December, m. 6. £dw. VI. 

Six letters to being of one import, for t,M m- 

«gnif]^ to them, that where the Kmg'ii Mi^esty hath ap^ 'i^^JHil 
panted the ffishop al Ely, the Eari ct ^edtt0d^ $Hr ^ohn^r«»». 
Gates, Sir Wilfiam Petre, Sir Rob. Btmen, mnd $tir tVakif 
ViUmay, to be his Highness'^ ciwmn is sW wi e r v ti> 



BOOK consider the state of his Majesty^s courts, and to undontani 
^'' p^ectly what debts be due unto him within the same; \k 

Anno iMi. Majesty^ pleasure is, that every one of them shall fim 

time to time be attendant upon the said oommisfloiien^ 

giving unto them such instructions, and doing such tUngi^ 

as the said commissioners shall think good to require of 

than. Dated in December. 

'^^ ^^ "^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ deputy and ooundl of Ireland, thatinose 

council of they shall think it convenient, they do establish in the bbm 

Ireland, y^alman office for the sealing and measuring of linen sod 

woollen cloths, as like offices be in this realm ; making les* 

sonable taxes for the same : and to grant a lease thereof to 

John Colby, during the Kings's pleasure ; reserving ta As 

King such reasonable rents as they shall think good. DiUd 

in January. 

To the Bi. A warrant to the Bishop of Ely, to make out a oommiB> 

' ^^ ^'sion to the Lord Treasurer, to take the said [Bishopcf Efy] 

Lord Chancellor's oath. 
To Sir Tb9. A pardcm to Sir Thomas Palmer, of London, of all msn- 
'*^' ner of treasons, &c. Dated in February. 
5l6 A bill to be enacted for legitimating as well the maniige 
M^8 of ^ William Marquis of Northampton, and Elizabeth hb 
Nortbamp. wife, [his former wife yet Hving, fixmi whom he was &» 
'^ vorced,] as the children bom between them. Dated ai 

^h *^* if"* ^ warrant to the Lord Chancellor, to make forth writs of 
* execution of Sir Rafe Vane, Miles Partridge, Thomas Awn- 
del, and Michael Stanhop, knts. that is to say, for hesding 
of Thomas Arundel end Michael Stanhop, and hanging the 
rest. Dated as above. 
For the la- A protection to beg, granted to the poor lazars of 4^ 
MUe.end. house of OUT Saviour Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalen^ li 
Mile^nd, [within the parish] of Stepenhuche, [StepMfy} 
in the county of Middlesex : and John Mills appointed thor 
)9roctor. Sealed February 18; 
Protections A protection, or licence to beg, granted' to Bidiard Popi 
of the parish of Henly, in the county of Hertford^ to beg 
within the county of Hertford : and the same to endure fix 


one itriiole year. Fdbruaryl6. [These protecdoiis, granted chaP. 
both to hospitak and necessitous persons, were frequently ^^^^^' 

pracdsed, as appears by these ficdlowing, besides those above, Anno imi. 
gmnted in February.] 

A pratedaon granted to Thcmias Drauffield in Darby, to 
beg within the counties of York and Leicester, and the d^ 
of York, and not elsewhere, during one whole year. 

A protecdon granted to the lazturs of- the hospital of St 
Betcr nigji St. Edmund^s Bury: and Greoige Hodgson, 
guide of the house, appointed thdr proctor. To dure one 

A protection granted to die laurs of the house of Mary 
Magdalen and St. Anthony of Beooles in Suffi)lk: and £d- 
vud Lydgate appcnnted their proctor. 

A protection granted to the hoiqntal of the brethren with- 
rat Bishop^ate, London : and Thomas Haliday appointed 
Aeb proctor. 

A protection granted to the hospital of our Lady and St 
Katharine, at Newington in Surrey: William Cleybroke their 
poctor. All these dated in February. 

A protecti(Hi granted to the hospital of Bethlem without 
Kshopsgate : John Whitehed their proctor: to b^ within 
thf counties of Linoobi and Cambridge, the city of 
I^ndoii, and Isle of Ely: to endure far a whole year. 

A licence to b^, for Nicolas Sondbume, of BnrkehaiB, 
in the county of Berks, in consideration of a fire : to beg 
Wdibi the county of Southampton, the Isle of Wight, the 
Unm of Southampton: to oidure far one year. Dated 
Ifardi 9SL [Such licences I find sometimes fbr losses fay 
fire: but the fieences extended not but to one coun^ or 

A warrant tc^ the. Chancellor of the Augmentation, and to For the Bi- 
tke other officers, to pay to Thomas Bishop of Ely, md'^'^'^^^' 
hmJL dhanceUor, for his wages, diet^ and lifery of himself 
mi of the masters at tlte> Chancery; that is to soy, after 
i» ntf» ef fi4e2.1&. by the year, firam the IStb of Januaiij^ 
m. 5. reff. Edw. VI. so long as be shaft 


BOOK office : and for his attendance in the Star-chamber, after the 
rate of 50/. every term : and after the rate of SOW. by yeir 

Anno 1661. over and above his said allowances quarterly. Dated in 
^17 March. 

1658. A letter of thanks to Albert Marquis of Brandoibuigh, 
To the Mar- for falcons sent yearly unto the Einir by him. Dated in 
Bnmden- March 155x. 

burgh. ^ hcence to Henry Smith of London, merchant, to bring 

Smith. ii^to ^6 realm such persons as he shall think meet, for maL 
ing of glass, of Uke fashion and goodness to that which ii 
called Normandy. Dated in April. 
To the Lord A warrant to the Lord Chancellor, to make out several 
Chancellor. ^^ ^ Robert Brook, James Dier, John Caril, ThonMii 
Gawdy, Richard Catlyn, Rafe Rooksby, William Staun- 
ford, and William Dallison, esquires, that in consideration 
that his Majesty hath nominated and appointed them to be 
sergeants at the law, to prepare themselves for the execution 
of the same, upon pidn of forfeiture of lOOOZ. apiece accord- 
ingly. Dated in June. 
To the Lady A letter to the Lady Anne of Cleves, requiring her to 
cieves. gi^^ order for the going through with the exchange for the 

manor of Bisham. Dated in June. 
To the A patent of licence granted to the mayor and burgesses of 

Bofulii? i Boston, in the county of Lincoln, that Sir William Cecil, 
knt. their recorder, may make his deputy in the said office; 
proviso, that the said deputy be learned in the law. Dated 
in June. 
To the Mar- A warrant to the Lord Marquis of Winchester, master of 
Winches- ^^ wards and liveries, signifying, that whereas it is fouiid, 
ter, for that the late Duke of Somerset alienated certain lands wWA 
mour. " came unto him by Katharin Fylol, his first wife, to theyeaily 
value of 67Z. Ifo. 8d. which should have descended to John 
Seimour, his eldest son, that he, according to the late act of 
Parliament for the limitation of the said late Duke of So- 
merset'^s lands to the heirs begotten of the body of the Lady 
Anne, his second wife, appoint unto him so much thereof tt 
shall amount to the same sum ; and to award that he may 
have the same quietly. Dated in July. 


A licence to John Day, piinter, of London, to print a CHAP. 
Cbtechism, both in Latin and English, which the Eng^s ^^"^^' 

llajesty hath caused to be set forth. Dated in September, Anae iMt. 

A passport for two of the late Scotch King's bastard sons, ^ ^^^ 
to transport out of the reahn four dozen of bows, twenty For tbe 
dozen of arrows, and four gross of strings, and two g^dings. ?^°f']^^'^ 
Dated in October. tons. 

A warrant to the treasury of the chapter, [of the knights FV>rtii« 
cfthe Garter,] to allow, jGrcni the 5th of July last unto the J^J^ 
7th of October, unto Garter king of arms, 10». by the day ; hcnhb. 
unto Norroy, &. Sd. by the day ; to Clarentieux, &. 8d. by 
the day ; to Somerset, 4a. by the day ; to Rouge Dragon, 
Si. by the day; to Blue Mantle, &. by the day; and to al- 
low to Ulster king of arms, for his diet, only &. 8d. by the 
day. This for their diet in their attendance on his Majesty 
in this time of his progress. Dated in October. 

A letter to Sir Andrew Dudley, for his revocation from To Sir An- 
the captainship of Guisnes, to serve about his Majesty in the \ey, 
[dace of one of the four principal gentlemen of his Highnesses 518 
piivj chamber. Dated in the month above. 

A licence to Thomas Galtier, of London, to print in French To ThomM 
all such books of the Church as shall be set forth. [As * '^'' 
Common Prayer Books, Homilies, Injunctions, &c. for the 
use of the churches in Calais, Guisnes, the isles of Jersey, 
Guernsey, &c] Dated in December. 

A licence to Edward Prime, Thomas Hicks, and Robert To EdmiM 
Buder,merchant&4idventurers of the city of Bristol, to choose Jf 'Swlt^*. 
« master of the said mystery, and two wardens thereof. And 
that it shall be a corporation in itself for ever. Dated in 

A warrant to the keeper of Mortymer park, and the littJe f'^^^rFhM. 
Itek in the county of Berks, to deliver to Sir Philip Hr*>y "'***^ 
thirty timber oaks growing there. A like warrant t/p th#; 
lceq)er of East Hemsted, in the said cotmty, for th^ Wkpi 
tlombar. [To build him, it may be, an hou«« at K^nm ; 
the monastery there being granted to him.; IM^4 in 


BOOK A warrant to the Lord Chancellor, to cause td be nude 
and directed forth process for the calling aixl summoni^ 

Anno 1559. the Parliament at Westminster, against the Ist of Maitb 

To sir An- A Warrant to Sir Andrew Dudley^ to dehv^t to Johd 
tewDod- Bridges ten yards of crimson velvet, to make bis Majes^ i 
kirtle and a whode for his Parliament robes. Dated in 
To the Bi- A letter to the Bishop of Peterburgh, lieensiii^ hkn toh 
Peterborgh. absent £rom the next Parliament, so as he make out his suM- 

dent proxy to some discreet personage of the State. 
2J^V^ a licence granted to Jdtm Harwel, and other nine in the 
county of SujBblk, dothiers, to make five hundred aomt 
cloths, so the same be made by Midiaelmas next oomiog? 
and to sell the same to one Richard Crag, of London, dm- 
per, his executors or assigns; and to carry the same out of 
the realm during the space of one year after the diite hereof 
into the parts o( Danske, or East Land, upon condition that 
he shall Ining in, to the King^s Majesty^s use^ cables, coid- 
age, and oars, for the furniture and munition ol the Sai^l 
ships. Commanding the customers, comptrollers) searchen, 
to take of him sufficient surety at the time c^ the shi|^m]g^ 
for the bringing in of the cordage, and other marine mmii- 
tion, to the value of the same cloths : provided, that the fofe- 
said parties, after this number of cloths so made, shaU not 
make or continue their trader Dated February 10. 
"^^.^^^S"" A warrant to William Marquis of Winchester, master of 

quisofWin- , , ^ , 

Chester. the wards and liveries, and to the council of the same 
court, to make such books and writings for the assuraDoe of 
the wardship and marriage of Sir Edward Seimour, with Ae 
keeping, use, order, and receipt of certain maSMM^ laddS) 
tenements, &c. to the yearly value of 5007. and above, to the 
Earl of Warwick^ Dated in February. Th^ patent wii 
signed March SO following. 

To the Mar- A letter of gratulation to the Marquis ojp Brnftdatibui^: 

Braiden. [^^^ sending the King falcons, as he did- yearly.] IkJaA 

burgh. in February. 


A letter to Margaret Tayler, widow, to join in maniag;e CHAP: 
fiA John Canslwe, gentlanan of the King's chapel. Dated ^'^y* 
u before. Aqdo i ssi. 

A licence to William Seres, for years, to print the^'n^" 

books of private {H^yers, [vis. such as were called PrimerB.] 5 1 9 
P«ed as before. To wuiUm 

A warrant to Sir Edmund Peckham, to deliver to Andrew f^ ^j^ ^^ 
Wise 40001. to be employed by him towards the payment, """^ P"k- 
Mwell of the charges of the mines in Ireland, as otherwise, 
by order of the Privy Council, for the King's service. Dated 
ii March. 

A warrant to Sir Edmund Peckham,to deliver to Benjamin To tbc 
Goutxi, treasurer of the admiralty, the sum of 6000^ to """' 
be by him defrayed towards the discharge of such debts as 
Be due within that office, for the marine affiurs. Dated 
ie March. 

A warrant to to deliver to Benjamin Gon- Far Benj*- 

ni, trMsurer of the admiralty, the sum of 460t about "^^""^ 
n^tualling and furniture of such ships as are presently sent 
inh for the apprehenson of Strangwich the pirate. Dated 
ID March. 

A warrant to deliver to Sir Maurice Denys, by way of For sSr 
pat, 6000f. to be by himself defrayed about the King's d^^^ 
ifidrs in his office and charge. Dated as above. 

Another warrant to deliver to Andrew Wise 6OOW. to be For Ab- 
ddivered by bjm to the executors of MarlJn Pirry, late trea- " "*' 
Direr of the mines in Ireland. Dated as above. 

A letter to the commisuoners of the sales of lands, to pass ^'>' ^^ 
to the Earl of Pembroke certain lands after the rate of twenty Pcnbmke, 
/cars' purchase: and to pass to Sir William Petre certain !g?^I^ 
Unds after the same rate ; he paying two parts in hand, and 
a third at ACchaelmas. Dated as above. 

A licence of privily granted to John Day, {Hrinter, for >sm. 
pinting of a Catechism in English* with the brief of an jJ^T'^ 
A. B. C. thereimto amiexedj and alao the printing and re- 
printing of all sudi works and books, devised and com}Hled 
jy the right reverend tasher in God, John* now Bish^«' 


BOOK Winton, or by Thomas Beacon, professor of divinity: m 
^^' that no such book, nor any part of them, be in any ww' 
Anno 165S. repugnant to the holy Scriptures, or proceedings in reli- 
gion, and the laws of our realm. Dated at Westmmster, 
March 25. 
F6rthe A warrant to the Exchequer, to allow unto the Lord 

i^rf Whar- Wharton the sum of 6127/. 12*. ^^d. Who being charged 
with the said sum upon his account, for his late office of 
warden of the west marches against Scotland, and for Hoe 
office of general receiver of certain manors in the county of 
Cumberland, by the space of eleven years, can produce war- 
rant and sufficient authority for the allowance of the said 
sum before the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exdifr*' 
quer. Which remission is granted to the same Lord WhaF' 
ton, as well for the consideration mentioned in the book, as 
for his long and faithful service. And in the said remisflioa 
the Lord Dacre and the Lord Cdnyers must be also allowed 
and discharged of their petition and demand touching tU 
exercising of the said offices for their time ; to be allowed bj' 
the said treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer. Dated 
in March. 
To Peter" A warrant to Peter Osbom, to disburse to Sir John 
Gates, by way of loan, the sum of 400Z. taking his obliga-' 
tion for payment thereof at Whitsuntide 1554. Dated as 
520 A passport for Sir Hugh Willoughby, knt. to go beyond 
the seas with four servants, monies, and his chain, &c. Dated 
as before. 
For the Bi- ' A warrant to deliver to the Bishop of Norwich the sum of 
Nondcb. ^^^* ^7 ^^Y ^^ reward for his attendance all the last yeat 
hitherto about London in his Majesty's service, being there- 
unto commanded. Dated as above. 
For the A warrant to deliver to the four principal gentlemen of 

d^af gen-"" *^ P^^J chamber the sum of lOOOZ. to be by them de- 
tiemen. frayed as out of his Majesty's purse. Dated in March. 
For the A letter to the Chancellor of the Augmentations, to amffi 

L»dy So- Q^^ of ^Y^Q profits arising of the lands of the late Duke cl 


lomerset 100?. to be deliveired to the Lieutenant of the CHAP. 
Cower of London, for the use of the Lady Somerset. ^^^^' 
Dated in March. Anno issa. 

A letter to the Bishop of Worcester, licensing him to re-To tb«Bi- 
pair to the Tower, to the Lady Duchess of Somerset, in this wo?certer 
tme of Easter. Dated in April. 

A licence to Richard Tothel, printer, to print all manner To Richard 
rf books of the common law of this realm, for seven years. ^*^*''*** 
So as the first copies thereof be allowed by one of the jus- 
tices of the law, or two sergeants, or three apprentices of the 
law, whereof one to be a reader in the court, &c. 

The custody of Thomas Philpot, lunatic, [or idiot, ac-xoLord 
cording to another manuscript,] to the Lord Robert Dud-^^"* 
by, with all his lands, goods, &c. and the fee of 100 marks. 
Dated April 17. 

A warrant to the Lord Chancellor, authorizing him to To the Lord 
lame and appoint, from time to time, commissioners for ^^*°<^"®''' 
duirch goods, in lieu of such as shall happen to die, to be 
ikj or otherwise occupied about the King^s affairs. Dated 
a April. 

A warrant to the Lord Treasurer, to deliver to Sir An- To the Lord 
drew Dudley out of his charge, certain pieces of coin of """"'• 
gdd of sundry coins, to the value of 1435Z. 9s. 6d. to be by 
kiiii kept to the Eing^s Majesty**s use ; and for a device of 
g(dd like a standing cup, with divers conclusions of arith- 
lietic, with certain boxes, and in one of them S4 counters 
of gold, all weighing 108 ounces ; two flagons of gold, with 
<Jiains of the same, weighing 165 ounces, being sent by the 
t«ord Admiral to the French Queen at the christening of 
ller son : one ring of gold, set with a long diamond, sent to 
ike Lady Elizabeth, daughter of France : one other ring, 
let with a fair table diamond, given by his Majesty to the 
Soots Queen, at her being here : a pearl pendent to a chain 
inamelled, being set with diamonds, rubies, and pearls, 
rhich was lost by his Majesty wearing the same : and for a 
ireorge of gold set with eight small diamonds, which was 
'le Earl of Southampton's, delivered to the said Lord Ad- 
iral. Dated in April. [This was a discharge for these 


BOOK jewels to Sir Andrew Dudley, who was keeper of the 
"• jewels.] 

Anno 1558. A warrant to Sir Andrew Dudley, to deliver for the far- 
IlvwDnd- ^^^^ o^ ^^ wedding apparel, to the Lord Gruilfud, ion 
ley* to the Duke of NOTthumberland, and to the Lady JaMs, 

daughter to the Duke of Suffolk, certain parcels of Ommb, 
and cloths of gold and alver, of the late Duke's and Du- 
chess's of Somerset, as appears by the same. Dated is 
521 A like warrant to him, to take to himself, as of thelQn^ 
To the ^nfL and a warrant to deUver to the Lord ChambaUo, 

nine. o '  

each of them eighteen yards of crimson velvet, for thelmiy 

of the order of the Grarter. Dated as above. 
To the Two Hke warrants unto him, for ten yards axneoe d 

white sarcenet or taffety, to line the same Uveries. Dated tf 

^Bttporu Three several letters of commendation, or safe ooadoel 
Sip?"* ®' passport, for the three ^ps now going to the Newfiwud 

Land, written in Latin, to all kings, princes, and otha 

states. Three other of the same effect written in Hebrer. 

Three others in Chaldee tongue of the same effect Dated 

in May. 
Letters Twenty letters to signifying, that the King*' 

UlSde.* for Majesty hath sent unto every one of them certain artidtf 
uniformity for an uniform order to be observed within every chuii 
techism. Within this realm : which articles are gathered with gmi 

study, and by the advice of the greatest learned men of th 

bishops, &c. Dated in May. 

Fifty-four articles concerning the uniform <Mrder to bt 

observed in every church of this reabn. A Catechisin aho 

to be taught to scholars, as the ground and foundatxni ^ 

their learning. Dated in May. 
To Sir John A warrant to Sir John Gates;, to cause a book to be ^bui 


of the castle and manor oi Hartford, the manor of Hartof 
ford-bury, the parks of Hertford and Hartingford-hnyi 
with the a^^iurtenances, in the county of Hertford; id 
the manor and park of Wikes in Essex, to the Lady tixtf 
Grace. Dated in May. 


A licence to the Earl of Warwick, to reUun an hundred chap. 
xtMi ; and to the I^ord Robert Dudley, to retain fifty men. _ '^''^'^*- 

Btied as before. Auho isss. 

A warrant of discharge to Sir John WilliamB, for 1 6,667/. ^,^^ 
1*. 11^ paid to Peter Osbom, as the arrearages upon the rdiI Lord 
detemdnabon <^ the said Sir John Williams^s account of his ^^^ 
lUe office of mastership of the jewel-house. Dated as above. To Sir John 

A warrant to the Lord Chancellor, to make out write for ~ '''u'^'* . 
i Pariiament to be holdeu the 18th of September nexL cbuncciior. 
Otted m June. 

AlettCT to the Lead Admiral, that it is the King^s plea^TotbeLord 
mi* that he shall repcur unto the Tower of London, and '""""'• 
tike the charge thereof, there being committed to him the 
ctder and governance thereof. Dated in July. 

A letter to the Lieutenant of the Tower, to assist him inTotheUeu- 
all such things as shall by the said Admiral be declared toj^*^,. 
■in or his; and to follow such direction as he shall appoint. 
[Dug is the last warrant set down in this Warrant- Book.] 

CHAP. XXXn. 522 

CiBationSf pregentaHoTtSf mdulgences, and permissiona to 

VV £ go (HI now with another rank of things worthy ob- 
iming, collected fixim the aforementioned manusoipts, via. 

V. CoUatUmSy preaentatiana, grants, letters, and Ucencea to 
men qfihe Church or Univer^ty. 
A lease to Nicolas Wotton, dean of Canterbury, for i^so. 

, , .-.. , .11 Tn Ninlu 

•venty-one years, of the manor of Lagh, with the appurte- wotton. 
ttnces, in Sussex, late parcel of the possessions of Sir Tho- 
nu Cheny, knight, with dirers other lands, &c. paying 
hstfore yearly 60/. to the buliff or recover of the pre* 
BKs. Dated in October IS^. 
A licence to the BishopofBathandWells, to^ve, gtantiTaUwBi- 
Bd alien to Edward Duke of ScHneraet, in fee-simple, j 
!ie Bdte, drcuit, and prednct of the chief manmon, i 



BOOK ihe palace of the Bishop of Bath land Wills, vni 
^^' other lands, &c. to the yearly value of 62/. lid. to h 

Anno 1550. by fealty only. Dated in November the same year. 

To Nicolas A licence to preach to Nicolas Daniel, M. A. ! 

Spiiiesby ^ grant, that the church of the late college or d 

▼icwage. SpUlesby in Lincolnshire, dissolved by Parliamen 
an. reg. Edw. VI. 1^. shall be the parish church of I 
again, together with the churchyard : and that th 
be a vicar endowed for ever : and he and his succes; 
have a messuage, and two bams, and one horse 
kilnhouse, and one acre of land in Spillesby s 
commonly called in the sdte of the said 

and an annuity of lOt. out of all the King^s lan< 
payable quarterly, to be holden in frankalmoigne. 

To John A Ucence of preaching to John Bradford, pre 
divinity. Dated in December. 

To William ^ errant to William Dawson, to be vicar preach< 

DawsoD. • ^ , ... 

collie of Southwel in Nottinghamshire, with the f< 
per annum during pleasure : to be paid by the n 
the same shire. Dated as before. 
ForNic. A nonresidence for Nic. Wotton, clerk, to tak< 


profits of his prebend in Salisbury, during his life, 

he be not regddent. Dated as before. 

To the Bi- A presentation to John Bishop of Chester, to adn 

Cb^ter. Pilkington to the vicarage of Kendal in West 

Dated as before. 

523 A warrant to Sir John Baker, knight, [chancelli 

Baker' '^^^^ Court of Augmentations,] to exonerate and dischar, 

Pilkington, clerk, and his executors, of his first-fru 

vicarage of Kendal, whereunto he is presented ; wl 

King hath pardoned him. Dated in December. 

To the Bi- A presentation to the Bishop of Chester, to adm 

Chester. Hkins, clerk, to the parish church of Bedal, vol 

death of Thomas Magnus, last incumbent. Dated i 

Tnd Ch^ A letter to the Dean and Chapter of Worceste 

terof wi. the King did write to them in favour of Sir Rol 



Wliit, knight, for a lease in revemon for axty years, of the CHAP, 
rectory of Wimbleton, that they will make the hke grant to_''^^"- 

Mr.Cecyl, secretary, and rather better; who hath the in-Annoifiso. 
tenst oNhe sidd Sir Robert in the s^d rectory by the old 
lease. Dated in January. 

A nonresidence to Giles Eire, [the King's chaplain,] pro- To Giica 
tmoT of divinity, during life, to take the profits of his two '"' 
ftdKods in Winton and Westminster, whether he be pre- 
mt (H- absent. Dated as above. 

The advowson of the next canonship or prebend thatForPder 
Uleth vcad in the cathedral church of Canterbury, to Peter 
Aleiander, [a learned stranger, residing with the Archbi- 
sIh^ of Canterbury.] Dated in February. 

A letter to the Bishop, Dean, and Chapter of Sahsbury, To the Bi- 
ta bvour of William Honning, esquire, [who was one ofsnTchsp-' 
the clerks of the Council,] where Guido Cavalcant, incum-"'" f^- 
Iwit of the prebend of Cheping Faringdon in the county of 
Berks, is contented, upon request made unto him, to give 
■nd surrender all his interest and estate of the possesion of 
die aaid prefiend, to agree to his scud request, in such sort 
as the same may take effect towards him in fee-^ple. 
Dated in February. 

A licence to the same Bishop, to grant the premises inTothcBi- 
fte«mple unto William Honning. Dated as above. 'f^"^" 

A warrant to Sir John Baker and Sir William Fetre, FortheBi- 
iAere the reverend father in God, Thomas Bishop of Nor- jj„^"^ 
*ich, by five writings obligatory, every of them bearing 
date the 10th of April, anno 4 Edw. VI. standeth bound to 
&e King's Majesty in the sum of 10007. for the sure pay- 
Bent of 5837. 13*. lOd. to be ptud for his firat-fruits : to de- 
61k, deduct, and allow to the smd reverend Father out of 
4e said sum 4G01. and to deliver so many obligations for 
payment as amounts to the s^d sum : which Ae King hath 
fin;given him. Dated as above. 

An annuity of 9^. 6s. 8d. to Richard Squire, vicar of the To Bictaia 
Mtish of Dovercourt in Essex, to be p^d of the tenths of ^'""' 
he parsonage of Dovercourt, fioia dhristmas anno 4 



BOOK VI. half yearly, in reccMnpence of a promise made to 

^^' thereof by the Eing^s Majesty's father. Dated as above 

Anno 1550. A presentation to the Bishop of Chester, to admit « 

To the Bi- StancQsh, D. D. to the parsonage of Wiggon in his dio 

ChMter. void by the death of Mr. Herbert, late incumbent E 

in March. 
For Dr. A warrant to Jdhn Rither, cofferer, to pay WiUiam 

Bill ^ ' tr ^ 

D. D. an annuity of 90L from Michaelmas, an. 3. reg. 
ing the Eing^s pleasure. 
524 -A. letter to the Bishop of Exeter, [Voysey,] to suffe 

TotheBi- Earl of Bedford, and others of the Council, to procure 

Ej^q.^ best assurance for certain lands bought of him, appertai 
to his bishopric. Dated in March. 

To Gest, A licence of preaching to Edmund Grest, B. D. 

52j;;;;^\*"^like to Henry Ayland, B. D. and Thomas Bernard, » 
Dated as above. 

ToBbhop A translation of John Ponet, bishop of Rochester, U 
bishopric of Winchester, during his life, with all lords 
manors, lands, tenements, hereditaments, and other po 
nons, as well spiritual as temporal, with all other oos 
dities and jurisdictions. Dated in March. 

To the The translation of the said John Bishop of Roche 

to the bishopric of Winchester, during his life, with al 
lordships and manors, Sec. New signed, because his 
ritual jurisdictions and probate of testaments was not ii 
other. Dated in the same month. 

To William A licence to William Thynn, prebendary in the a 
*y°"- dral church of Wells, to grant and alienate to Ed 
Duke of Somerset, in fee-simple, all the manor of Dul 
cote and Chilcote in the county of Somerset, with the 
purtenances, belonging to his prebend there, by fine c 
covery : and also to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, a] 
the Dean and Chapter, to ratify and confirm the said gi 
and to the said Duke, to grant and exchange therefo 
the said William Thynn, and his successors, the man 
Tyngerst, alias Fingurst, in the county of Bucks. Dat 


A fioenoe §ar |M g mlui i e to Jmmem HmMim, 1L A. of GBAR 
Cambridge; and to Tnhi Wirnrt M A nf rMfaii^K "™- 
Dited in Mjsdi. Ah» iu^l 

A presentadon to WilEaH Bfahap of Bidi jBd Wdk» to][2L^ 
WUfiam Tomer, doctor of pimK, [and who Kred m wasM 

tbe Dake of Someraet^s &Bify,] to die doneiT of die draich "^ ^* 

cf WeDs, widi all die lands and tenements t he t euato be- 

knging: wlncii tlie King hadi ^rcn loBy irith the prdiend 

cfCurrej. Dated in Mavdi. 

A nonresidenee to Wilfaai^ Tomer, to be absent fiom imi. 
fa deanery wirim the dborA of Wefls> and to take diepwv '''^^^ 
Sts notwithstanding, doiii^ Us fife. Dated in March. 

A jHiesentation to Thomas AidJnAop of Ca nle fb of y , tol^tke 
dmit Wilfiam Mardi to the panom^ of St. Peter's within^ 
he marches of Calais, of Torwyn Aicese, Toid fay theiB-i>«7- 
^[iiaticm of J<4m Butler, the late incmnbent. Dated in 

A collation to John Sooiy to the bishopric of Rochester, To Scorj. 
rith all IcMdahips, manors, lands, tenements, &c. during 
is fife, finom the transhtfioo of Jdm, now Kshop of Win- 
bester. Dated in April. 

A letter to the Dean and C&qyter of Wcaioester ; where To tbeDna 
ley have granted to Sir Philip Hoby the parsonage of^rwo^^ 
lOidiwidi and Norton in the coun^ of Worcester; imd to^^' 
ohn Bamsley, the ferm and parsonage of Linrich, fcnr 
^enty-one years; the Biing'^s Majesty's {deasnre is, although 
le statutes of their house do not permit them to extend 
leir grants any further than fcgr twenty-one years, to 
spoise with th^ statutes in that behalf; and desireth 
em to grant the same leases to them for mty years apiece, 
ated in April. 

A presentation to Thomi» Archbishop of Canterbury, to To the 
mit William Britten to the parish church of St Dionys in^f ^;aiitcr^^ 
me-street in London: which Thomas Pannel hath re-^™7* 
ned to the same WilKam, by his writing dated 18th Feb. ^ - 
lo 6 Ed. VI. Dated as before. 

A presentation to the Archbishop of Canterbury, to ad- To the 

s 3 


BOOK mit Christopher Ashbum, B. A. to the parsonage cS St 

"' MichaePs in Crooked-lane, London. Dated in April. 
Anno 1561. A letter to Trinity college in Cambridge, declaring the 
To^Trinity King is pleased to dispense with Thomas Dovel, B. D. and 
vice-master of that college, for enjoying of his feUowcUip 
and vice-mastership, notwithstanding he be married. Dated 
in May. - , 

To the Bi- A letter to the Bishop of Carlisle, that at the contemjJft- 
CitfiWe. ^on thereof he would grant to the Lord Clinton, lc»d ad- 
miral, a lease for sixty years of the manor of Homcastleia 
LiiKx>lnshire, after the accustomed yearly rent. Dated ia 

To the Bi- A licence of preaching to the Bishop of Windiester . 
wiDcheatcr.^^^^ this realm: and to appoint whom he shaU judge 
meet to preach within his diocese; and to inhibit them 
whom he shall not think meet within the sam^* Dated as 

For BUhop A warrant to take bond of John Scory, bishop 

of Rochester, for the payment of his first-fruits, to b^ 
at the Annunciation of our Lady, anno 1554. At vUdi 
day he shall pay 100 marks : and so yearly at the same 
feast 100 marks, till the same be satisfied and paid. Dated 
as before. 
To theBi- A letter to the Bishop of Oxon, that he will grant fiir 
Oxon^^ reasonable years and rent to William Higham and Williaa 
Holms, the parsonage of Oughton, alias Overton on the 
Hill, in the county of Leicester ; which is presently in his 
disposition. Dated in May. 
For Dr. A letter to that it is the King's pleasure, that 

TaWon ■^' Bowland Taylor shall succeed in the preacher's room 
of Canterbury, now void by promoting Dr. Scory to the U- 
shopric of Rochester, who last had the same. Dated as be- 
For John A letter to * in favour of John Cal vely, that thej 

*^*^' will grant a lease in reversion, .under their chapter seal) 
for fifty years, of the whole lordship of Stoughton, alias 
Sawton, a piece of land called Church, in Hedie in Che- 


hire, with all iN^ts and commodities thereunto belonging. CHAP. 
They had granted this before to Calvely, fbr as nianyj^'™"' 

i as their statutes would allow: but this letter served Audaibbi. 
o dispense with them for letting it for fifty years.] Dated 
» before. 

A licence to John Clark, to have, hold, and enjoy his '^'> J'^» 
prebend in Wells during his life ; and a licence to him to 
marry. [As though he thought his marriage without the 
King's licence might have ^aken his right md title to his 
prebend; but he did not seem well to CMisider the act 
BHde in the second year of this King, which took off all 
cU canons and constitutions agunst priests* marriage, and 
that all forfatures, puns, and' penalties for the breach of 
tban should he of none effect] Dated in May. 

A nonre^dence to George Carew, during his life, to have To Otatft 
ill rents, benefits, fruits, &c. of his prebencU in the churches ""' 
rf Oxon and Wells, notwithstanding his absence. Dated in 


A jHVsentatitm to the Archbishop of Canterbury, to ad- To tbc 
lut lUcbard Kiffin to the parsonage of Bonlngs in the^'f^'i;^ 
Baicbes of Calais, vend by the remgnation of Anthony b"^. 
liile, last incumbent : which was delivered without preach- 536 
ing h^an the King, notwithstanding the order taken. 
Skted as before. 

A varraut to the Chancellor, Treasurer, and Council, for tbe bi- 
•nd to all other oflicera of the Court of First-fruits and^^JJj^ 
Tilths; where the King's Majesty hath given to John 
Ute Bishop of Rochester, the bishopric of Winchester : and 
where it is agreed, that the siud Bishop should assure unto 
the King divers manors, lands, &c. of the said bi^<q»ic, 
■nd the King granted to assure to the said Bishop divers 
gf bis lands, tenements, and possessions, by reason whereof 
[he sud bishopric shall be greatly diminished : the King is 
xmtented therefore, that the said tnshopric of Winchesto*, 
nd the revenues th««of, shall be rat^, taxed, and charged 
o the King's Majesty at 2000 marks for the firsts 
md not Above, [whereas before it was valued in the i 
MN^ at $8S6l. 34. ^d.] as often as the first-fir 


BOOK shall be due and payable: and the same bishopric of WiA* 
Chester, and the possessions and revenues thareof, baB^ 

Anno 1561. henceforth shall be rated^ taxed, and charged at SOO marb 
yearly, and not above, for the yearly tenths of the sudbi* 
shopric : and that he shall be discharged of all sums o£ 
money heretofore due, or used to be paid for the first-fruits 
and tenths of the said bishopric. And further, the tiog 
hath licensed the said Bishop to enter into the same Mr 
shopric before the payment of the said first-fruits ; to take 
only the bonds of the said Bishop, without surety or sure- 
ties to be bound with him, by ten several obligations, for. 
the sure pa3rment of the said 2000 marks, for the satisfiio^ 
tion of his first-fruits, and of all other sums of money, in 
ten years. And further^ to deliver all bonds and writings 
touching the first-frmts of the bishopric of Rochester^ to 
the said Bishop of Winchester ; which the King hath for^ 
given him. Dated in May. 

To the Bi- A gift to the said Bishop, in consdderation of the manors 

Winton. of Marden, Twiford, Marwel, Waltham, &c. in the county 
of Southampton, and of divers other lands, tenements^ 
rents, &c. of all the rectory of Bremmer, and of the chapel 
of Charford and H4le, and of the rec^ry of Rogbom in 
the county of Southampton, with divers other lands, to tbe 
yearly value of 2000 marks : to be holden in liberam eke- 
mosyncmi; and to take the profits from Michaelmas last 
Dated in May. 

To the A licence to the said Bishop of Winchester, to enter into 

the said bishopric, and to take and receive the {»x)£ts 
thereof, without pa3mig any thing thereof, notwithstanding 
a statute made in that behalf in the £6th of the reign of 
Henry VIII. [anno Dom. 1534,] with a pardon to him of 
all pains, penalties, and sums of money that might be for- 
feited and due to the King, for entering into the bishopric 
of Rochester contrary to the said statute. Dated in May. 
[The said statute was, that every bishop, or other spiritual 
person, before any actual or real possession, or meddling 
with the profits of the bishopric, or other spiritual promo- 
tion, should satisfy, content, and pay, or compound and 



igtee to pay to the King^s use, at reasonable days, upon- CHAP. 
good sureties, the first-jfruits.] ^""^"' 

. : A letter to {the Dean and Chapter of Wintcm] to confirm Aimo 1551. 
z- Ibe grant of the said Bishop, by th^ full consadt and seal^^J^JIo^ 
r rf the duqpter, as in that case by the order <^ the laws isChapter of 
f lequkite and accust<»ned. Dated as before. "^ ^^ 

A presentation to the Bishop <^ Winton, to admit Lfeo-527 
Bttd Bilson, M. A. to the prebend in the cathedral church of ^^^^^ 
Winton, void by the death of Thomas White. Dated in*^"^ 
t Jane. 

\ A presentation o£ Jdbn Ashdown to Ashtisford, [in Kent,] For John 
whidi Ponet, when bishop of Rochester, held with his bi- 
dK>pric. Dated in June. 

A Jic^ice to John Bishop of Glocester, and Anne his To the 
wife, .during his life, with five or six guests, to eat flesh oi^MSMter 
a&d white meats in Lent, and on other fasting days. Dated *^^i*^^«- 
as before. 

A presentation to the Bishop of Norwich, to admit Laun-To the 
cdot Thexton to the parish church of Great Bircham, in his Norwich, 
diooese. Dated in June. 

The deanery of Bristow to John Whithear, clerk, for life. To John 
after Jdbin Snow^s death, or when it shall be vdid. Dated 
^ before. 

A presentation to Nicolas Bishop of Worcest^, to pre- For John 
sent John Harley, M. A. to the prebend of Wwcester, call."*'^*^' 
rt the nineteenth prebend, void by Webley's death. Dated 
as before. 

A licence of preaching to Miles Wilson, M. A. student in For Miles 
divinity in the University of Cambridge. Dated May 7. 

A letter io the Archbishop of York, in favour of Mr. To the 
fcder, cofierer, fw the prebend of Uskel, which William f/^^^^JJl**'^ 
Laighton late had. Dated in July. 

The collocation of the bishopric of Exeter to Miles Co- To Miles 
verdale, with a licence of entry into the said bishopric, be- ^^"•^** 
ing of the yeariy value of 500/. now, and no more ; where 
afore it was of 15652. 13^. 6|d. And that the yearly tenths 
shall be but 502. hereafter : and to be discharged of this 


BOOK year'^s tenths, and all arrearages in the dd BiAop\im» 
"' Dated in July. 

Anno 1651. A grant to John Veysey, late Inshop of Exeter, upon 

u^^wi^p* his resignation of his said bishopric, to enjoy all amimtiei 

of Eaeter. granted unto him out of the lands of the bishopric, whereof 

he hath made a state in fee-ample to others : and also to 

enjoy certain rents granted out of the bishopric to certam 

persons, that be comedo his hands: and that the said late 

bishop may plead in any court by the name of John Veysej. 

Dated in July. 

For Bishop A warrant to the Court of First-fruits and Tenths, to 

CoTcrdaie. digj; MiJes Coverdale, a late made bishop of Exetor, 

of his first-fruits. Dated in August. 

To Sir John A letter to Sir John Mason, knt. where the Biidiop of 
Winchester hath departed to the Eing^s Majesty certna 
lands lately belon^ng to the see of Winchester; which lands 
behoveth to be confirmed to his Highness, under the chapter 
seal of the cathedral church there, before Michaelmas next; 
that he with convenient speed repairing thither, and agree- 
ing with the Bishop to meet with them there at a day cer- 
tain, do cause all the canons, prebendaries, and other^irlioin 
it concemeth, to assemble and come together in the chap- 
ter-house at Winchester, for confirming of the said lands 
before the feast of Michaelmas ; advising the Coimcil the 
day of their meeting, as order may be ^ven to the King's 
learned Council to be there at the same time. Dated in 

TotheBp. A licence of preaching to Miles Coverdale, bishop of 
Exeter. Dated in September. 
528' A licence to the said Bishop, and Elizabeth his wife, 

To the during their lives, with five or six at their table, to eat flesh 

same. " . , • i • 

and white meats in Lent, and other fasting days. Dated in 

To Bartho- The deanery within the cathedral church of Chiche^) 
heron! ^ Sussex, given to Bartholomew Traheron, for life, v(rid by 

the death of Giles Aire, late the Eing^s chaplain, with all 

the profits thereto belonging. Dated as before. 


A letter to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, in fa- CHAP. 
Vour of William Huggon, to grant him a lease for forty ^^^^^' 

years of their lordship of Himbleton in Worcestershire. Anno tssi. 
Dated as above. 1^^^^ ^ 

A presentation to the Bishop of Winchester, to admit Chapter of 
John Hud, B. D. to a prebend in that church, void by the J^^'J^/**'' 
death of Giles Eyre. Dated in September. Bishop of 

A letter to the Prebend and Chapter of Chichester, to Winton. 
elect Bartholomew Traheron dean thereof, and to do all thoiomew 
other, things thereimto requisite. Dated as above. Traheron. 

A licence of preaching to Launcelot Thexton, M. A.ToLaunce- 
Dated in October. iotTh«ton. 

A letter to to elect Mr. Lever to be For Mr. 

master of [St John's] college in Cambridge, now void by 
reason of the preferment of him that was late master there 
[vix. Dr. Bill] to another promotion within the same Uni- 
versity. Dated in November. 

A grant to Robert Home of the deanery within the ca- To Robert 
thedral church of Durham, with all and singular preemi- 
nences, jurisdictions, lands, 8z:c. for term of his life, in as 
large and ample manner as Hugh Whithed had it Dated 
as befcire. 

A grant of the mastership of Trinity college to William To William 
Bill, D. D. for life, void by the death of John Redman, 
el^^ with all manors, mansions, 8z:c. Dated in November. 

A presentation to John Bishop of Winchester, to admit For John 

. . Watson. 

J<^n Watson to a prebend in that church, void byjthe death 
of Anthony Barker, late inciunbent Dated in November. 

A presentation to the Bishop of London, to admit Tho-ForThomas 
mas Rose to the vicarage of West Ham, void by the death 
of the said Anthony. Dated in November: but the seal 
passed not till January 18 following. 

A presentation to admit Nicolas Udal, M. A. to a prebend For-Nicolas 
of Windsor, void by the death of the said Anthony. Dated 
as before. 

A presentation to admit Alexander Nowel to a prebend For Alex, 
in St. Peter's in Westminster, void by the death of John ®^* * 
Redman. Dated as before. 


BOOK A preBentation to John Bishop of Chester, to admit Ni- 
colas Ashtcm to the vicarage of Eirby in Kendal, vend by 

Anno 1651. the resignation of James Pilkington, late incumbent Dated 
J3;«^- as before. 

BVyrThoDiM A letter to [the Fellows of University college, in Oxon,] to 
^T* elect Thomas Kay to the mastership of their collie, vmdl^ 

the resignation of the late master diere. Dated as abom 
To the Pro- A letter to the Provost [Sir John Cheke] and Fellows rf 
FeiiowB of Kii^g^ collie, in Cambridge, that in choorang ordinary of* 
Kibg'8 col- ficers, they use first the order prescribed in the statutes: 
and if, after due form used, they cannot agree, that then 
he be taken for officer whom the said Provost shall appoint; 
whom the rest of the fellows shall obey during the time rf 
his said office, in all things that the statute wills them, until 
529 further order be- therein taken, either by the Kings's Ma- 
jesty, or the Bishop of Lincoln, [their visitor.] Dated is 
To Jewel A licence of preaching: to John Jewel. A like lic^ioe to 

and Samp- ^-,, * ^^ 

son. Thomas Sampson. Dated in December. 

To the A licence to Nicolas Bishop of London, to give to Tho- 

London.^ mas Lord Wentworth, and his heirs, all his chief messuage, 
with the appurtenances, in the county of Middlesex, with 
divers other lands, tenements, &c. [the yearly value not ex- 
pressed,] to be holden in fealty only. Dated in December. 
For Richard A presentation to admit Richard Turner, B. D. to a pre- 
Tumer. y^^^ within the chapel of St. George the Martyr, in the 
castle of Windsor, void by the death of Simon Simons. 
Dated in December : the patents sealed Dec. 24. 
To Shep. A licence of preaching to Adam Shepheard, B. D. Dated 

heard. -r •% f 

January 15. 
Tho.Carew. Thomas Carew made archdeacon of Norwich, void by 

the death of Alexander Carew. Dated in February. 
To John A grant to John Ellis of a canonship in the church of 

Rochester, void by the death of William Harrison. Dated 

in February. 
To Trinity A letter to the Fellows of Trinity hall, in Cambridge, to 
^***' receive for their master Dr. Haddon, the King's principal 

reader in the civil law. Dated in February. 


A licence for preaching to Nicolas Grimwald, M. A. CHAP. 
Dated January 2. ' jcxxii^ 

A licence ctf preaching to Thomas Wylson. Dated Anno 1 56 1. 
February 23. waif^' 

Annuities of 40/. each, during pleasure, to be made from To Tbomai 
MSdiaeknas last, to Wilham BUI, D. D. Mr. Grindal, B. D. ^''«*"- 
Mr. Peme, D. D. Mr. Harley, B. D. the King^s ordinary King's 
Jiaplains. Signed March 13,. with a liberat dormcmt. chaplains. 

A licence of preaching to Dr. Bill. Dated March 1. To Dr. BUi. 

A presentation to Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, toForWiiii»m 
idmit William Britain, doctor of law, to St Denys Back- " "' 
^urch, void by the resignation of William Ereth. Dated 
n March. 

A presentation to John Bishop of Lincoln, to admit ForThomas 
Fhomas Wilson to the parsonage of Washingborough, void 
)y promoting the said John Bishop of Lincoln. Dated in 

The translation of John [Scory] Bishop of Rochester, to *5^*- 
he bishopric of Chichester, with all lordships, manors, lands, Rochester. 
kc. to the same bishopric belonging, to him during his life. 
Dated, in April. 

Translation of John [Hoper] Bishop of Glocester, to theBp.Hoper. 
)ishopric of Worcester, with all lordships, manors, &c. to 
he same belonging. Dated in April. 

A grant to Roland Tayler, LL. D. for life, of the arch- To Rowland 
leaconry of Exon, with all lordships, manors, &c. to the, *^ ^^' 
ame belonging. Dated in April. With the pensions granted 
lim by the Court of Augmentations in recompence of a 
rebend and sjoiodals of the late dissolved college, Glasney, 
ad of the abbeys of Bodmin, Ty wardreth, and Luxam, 
ith the discharge of his first-fruits, and the arrearages of 
is predecessors for their tenths and subsidies. Signed 
lay 3. 

A pardon or release to the Bishop of Rochester, of aSlTorthe 
manner of debts, or arrearages of debts, due to the King for Rochester, 
enths for his bishopric and first-fruits. Dated in May. 

A warrant to take the bonds of the new elected Bishop of 530 
incoln, for the payment of his first-fruits and tenths: the^f!;**"«Bp. 

'^ -^ of Lincoln. 


BOOK first payment to begin at Michaelnuui 1558, after 
year. Dated in May. 

ADnoi65t. A licence to Richard Tavemer to preach. Di^ as 

r^lT before. 

For Bm-. a letter to the Chancellor of the First-fruits, for there- 

^"^^Z mission of Bartholomew Traherin[Traheron] of 5».1&.«. 
due for the first-fruits of the deanery of Chichester. Dated 
as before. 

To the A letter to the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, for cond- 

Cbupter of uuance of the divinity lecture in the cathedral churdi there, 

^^"* as the Eing^s late visitors appointed it Dated as befne. 

For Bishop A Warrant to the officers of the Court of First-frtdtB, to 
^^^' discharge John Hoper, bishop of Worcester, of all his first- 
fruits. Dated in May. 

ToGrindai. A licence to Edmund Grindal, B.D. to preach. Dated 
in June. 

To Clement The prebend of Horton in the county of Glocester, 
parcel of the possessions of the Duke of Somerset,' leased 
to Clement Paston, esq. for twenty-one years, paying yearly 
for the same 65/. Is, 7^d. Dated in June. 

For Mat- A presentation for Matthew Parker, for the prebend of 

thewPftrker. . • . . 

' Corringham, in the church of Lincoln. Dated in June. 

Passed the seal June SI. 
For the A letter also to the President and Chapter of the dburd 

**™®* of Lincoln, to admit and choose the said Matthew Parker, 

D. D. to the deanery of Lincoln. Dated as before. 
To the A licence to the Bishop of Lincoln to preach, with ao- 

LUiwto°^ thority to him to forbid any to preach within his diocese^ 

being unable, and not having the Eing^s licence. Dated ss 

To the A licence to the Bishop of Chichester, both to pread 

Chichester, himself, and also at his discretion to license or forbid any 

other within his diocese. Dated in June. 
To Dr. A licence to Dr. Standish, one of the Kine^s chaplaioS) 

to enjoy his prebend in the church of Worcester, as thou^ 

he were resident. Dated as before. 
ForThomas A letter in favour of Thomas Harding, [chaplain to the 
Harding. ]y|^j.qnjg of- Dorset,] that they will, at the contemplation rf 


liu Uajesty^B letter, accept and choose him to be master of CH&P. 

their college, whensoever the same shall next become vrad L 

Dated as above. Ammissa. 

A letter requiiing them, at the contemplation thereof, to For Dr. 
Offlninale and elect Dr. [Walter] Haddbn, at Michaelmas"'^*'"- 
next, to the room that Dr. Oglethorp hath in their college, 
[which was the presidentship of Magdalen college in Oxon,] 
vlio is then willing to reugn the same. Dated as before. 

A patent granted for exchange of lands to the right To the 
tCTerend William Bishop of Bath and Wells, vh. for the^iS,"^ 
chief manacm of the deanery of We'lis, with all the lands w*ii«, 
vithin tl^e predncts of the same : and also the manor of 
Westoker, with the right of patronage of the parsonage of 
Westoker, and the borough of Wellington and Stogursej, 
m the county of Somerset, to the yearly value of 6(W. 2*. 11 jd. 
And also of the park of Wedmore : and for one annuity c^ 
16L cnniog yearly of the manor of Glastenbury, in the said 
county : [which were made over to the King :] and the Bi- 
>bap to have the chief mancdon belonj^ng to the Bishop's 
W, OMnmonly called the Biahop ofBiUh and Welia' palace, 531 
with all the appurtenances within the precincts of the siud 
pilace, and the house in Wells appointed for the safe cus- 
tody of the clerks convict, and all the manors in Wells and 
Weetbioy : and all the borough of Wells, and the hundred 
.(f Wells, with all their appurtenances; late parcel of the 
pMession and inheritance of Edward Duke of Somerset,* 
■Runted of felony, and sometime parcel of the possessions 
irfdieBishopof Bath and Wells. And also the park called 
Westbury . Park, parcel of the possesions of the foresiud 
l^uke : etiam, nativos, fuUivaa el vUlanos cum eorum sc- 
fdia: habend. eidem episcopo et succetsoribus auii in 
ffrpeiuum tenend. de Domino Rege in perpetuam eleemo- 
t^itam, : with a pardon for his first-fruits. The indenture 
dited in July : die patents dated at Westminster, Aug. 1, 
<Mn. reg. 6. 

A liMnce irf |*e«chiog to Edward Pilkington, M. A. and To PiiUni 
mother to Gri^th Jones. Dated in July. 


BOOK A grant to Edmund Giindal, of a prebend in the church 
^^' of Westminster, for life, void by the death of Breton. Daied 

Anno 1659. in July. 

To GrindaL j^ \q^j^j, ^ ^g Fellows of [Magdalen collqg;e, Oxon,] to 

iToTOiteg^, choose next Michaelmas Dr. Haddon prendent thererf: 

Ow>D« and that the King is not pleased for the denying of Ms 
former letters, nor for the division that is betwe^i them. 
Dated as before. 

For John A presentation to the Bishop of London^ to admit John 

^^"^ Puflen, B. D. to the parsonage of St. Peter's in Cornwall, 
void by the advancing of John-[Tayler] Bishop of Linotdii) 
to that bishopric. Dated in July. 

To lufe A grant to Rafe Cavelare, [Cavalerius,] stranger, to he 
*^® * free denizen ; and therein the advowson of a prebend [or, 
of the newt prebend tr decmery^ as Chancellor Groodrick^s 
l^er-book sets it down,] in the church of Canterbury: 
in consideration of his reading the Hebrew lecture freely in 
Cambridge. Dated in August 

ToJwnes A gift to James Haddon, B. A. of the prebend of West- 
minster, void by the death of Anthony Bellows, LL. D. and 
master of chancery. Dated in August. 

To Dr. A licence of nonresidence granted to Dr. Standish, a pre- 

bendary in the church of Worcester, being one of the King'* 
ordinary chaplains, to have the said prebend, being in any 
other his promotions ; any constitution or act of Parliament 
that is or shall be to the contrary notwithstanding. Dated 
at Christ^s Church, [where the King was in his progress,] 
August 20. 

To Edwin A grant to Edwin Sands, D. D. of a prebend within the 
church of Carlisle, void by the death of Ballace, [Bellows.] 
Dated in September. 

For John A presentation to the Bishop of Worcester, to admit John 
Dee to the parsonage of Upton, void by the promotion of 
John Harley to the bishopric of Hereford. Dated in Sept 

To the A letter to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, signifying his 

Bath^.^^ Majesty^s contentation, that the Bishop having many fit 
places within the precinct of the house of Wells, to make an 


hall of, and for Ips hospitality, may (edifying one thereon) CHAP. 
take down the great hall now standing, and grant the same ^^^^^' 

iway : commending unto him for that purpose Sir Henry Anno ibi%. 
Gates, upon knowledge had of the Bishop^s good inclination 
towirds him. Dated in September. 

A letter to the Master and Fellows of St. John^s college, 533 
Oxon, to place one Alexander Smutches, stranger, in that 
dace which Johannes ab Ulmis, lately departed hence, had. 
Dttted as above. 

A presentation to John Bishop of Winchesta-, to admit For Nicolae 
!ficdas Uvedale, M. A. to the parsonage of Calbome, in the 
Ue of Wight, void by the promoting of John Goodacre to 
Jie archbishopric of Cashel in Ireland. Dated in September. 

A grant to John Old, D. D. for life, of the canonship or To John 
prebend in the cathedral church of Hereford, void by the 
kath of Anthony Bellasis, [or Bellows,] and in the King's 
;ift by vacation of the said bishopric. Dated in September: 
igned and sealed October 4. 

The King's letters to the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, To the 
confirm under the chapter seal such assurance as shall chapt^of 
•e devised for his Highness, for certain lands and heredita- Worcetter. 
)ents reserved of the old possessions of the bishopric of 
Vorcester. Dated in September. 

A letter to the Bishop, Dean, and Chapter of Worcester, To the 
n the surrender of the bishopric of Worcester, to the in- 
9it there may be a new collation of the same, by the name 
f the bishopric of Worcester and Glocester. Dated in 

A letter in favour of Nicolas Udal to the Dean and Chap- F«r ^AcoIm 
V of Windsor, to have his dividend, and other commodi- 
es growing to him by the prebend there, during the time 
F his absence thence ; in consideration that he hath been 
xmpied in preaching. Dated in September. 

A letter to the Bishop of Hereford, for granting of Here- To the 
»rd place in London, to the Lord Admiral, in fee-simple. Hereford. 

A grant of a prebend in Westminster, void by the death To Andrew 
f Simon Heins, to Andrew Peme, the King^s chaplain. • 
)ated in October. 



BOOK A grant of the deanery of the cathedral church of Exeter, 
which Simon Heins, lately deceased, had, to James Haddon, 

Anno i66«. D. D, to have during life. Dated in October : but the pft* 

Hadd^^ tent not signed till January 8, at Westminster. 

ForTrioity Statutes signed by the Eing^s Majesty for Trinity ccikff 

««u«g«. in Cambridge. Dated in October. 

To Oeorge A prebend granted to George Burden, B. D. in the cfr 
thedral church of Rochester, now void by the death of WiL 
bore : and that he shall have the daily distributions, divi- 
dends, 8z:c. arising thence, whether he be absent or present; 
provided that he make yearly sermons of the gospels in the 
aforesaid church, either by himself, or some sufficieot 
minister. Dated in September : but the patent bore date 
November 28. 

To the A patent and grant made by the King to the Bishqpof 

GiowSter. Glocester, viz. uniting the bishoprics of Glocester and Wor- 
cester in one, and to be one from henceforth, of one diocese^ 
and so reputed and taken. The patent dated Decembtf & 

To Richard Richard Alvey, B. L. a donation to him of a jnrebendiB 

^^^' the church of Westminster. Dated in Sept^nber : but tb - 
patent bore date December 11. 

To Bar- A grant of a prebend of Windsor to Bartholcmiew Trt- 

Traheron. heron. Dated in September. 

For joha A letter to the Deputy of Ireland, to place and receive 

John Bale, professor of divinity, as a man commended bj 

his Majesty, to the bishopric of Ossory there. Dated in 


533 A letter to the Lord Chancellor, to cause the great aed 

For Trinity ^f England to be put to a commission given to certain ctan- 

college. . , c> r ^ ^ . T i j— 

missioners, for the devising and making divers and sundry 
statutes and ordinances to be observed in Trinity cdlege 
in Cambridge. Dated in October. 
For Bernard A presentation to the Bishop of Chester, to admit Ber* 
^*^P*"' nard Gilpin to the parsonage of Thornton. Dated in No- 
For Will. William Denison, B. D. presented to St. Edmund^Si 
eniBon. Lumbard-street, void by the attainder of John Percy, late 
incumbent. Dated in November. 


A jirraiit to Bobert Horn, professor of divinity, of the bi- CHAP. 

c? ■'1 J ' YYYTT 

bopric of Durham, with all lordships, manors, lands,*&c. to 1 

be same belonging, during his life. Q^ted in November. ^^™*® ^***- 

A grant to John Hooper of the bishopric of Worcester Horn. 
nd Glocester: and a gift to him and his successors for To Hooper, 
iver, of all the lordships and manors of Alchurch, &c. 
[)ated in November. 

A presentation to the Bishop of Worcester, to admit T?***® 
^leicander Creek, clerk, to the vicarage of Kidderminster, Worcester. 
raid by the preferment of John Harley. Dated in De- 

An annuity of 40/. to John Enox, until he be promoted For Joha 
to some benefice ; to be paid at the augmentation quarterly. 
Bated in December. 

A lease to Edward Lord Clinton for two hundred years. The Bp. of 
of the Bishop of Hereford''s house in London : paying yearly y^l^ 
im. Now signed in December, [as one was signed in tlie 
inoDth before,] for that there wanted in the other the re- 
kanal of certain former leases. 

A grant of a prebend in the cathedral church of Worces-To Arthur 
ter to Arthur Dudley. Dated in December. ^"^^*y- 

A patent granted to the Dean of the free chapel of St. To the 
George of Windsor, and to his successors, to be a body cor-^*^^^. 
porate, and to purchase lands to the value of 402. And to 
kve the parsonage and church of Dunstable Houghton, 
with the advowson of the vicarage, in the county of Bed- 
ford; lately parcel of the possessions of St. Alban'^s, in the 
county of Hertford ; viz. the said parsonage is granted to 
William Franklyn, now dean there, and his successors; 
iod to convert the same to their own use, rendering to the 
Eng 82. Which rectory and the premises extend to the clear 
yearly value of 412. Dated December 10. 

A letter to the Bishop of Ely, lord chancellor, to take For the 
order, that no person do demand a fee of the Bishop oi^J^^^^^ 
Worcester and Glocester. Dated in December. 

A letter to the Bishop of Exeter, that the Eing^s plea- To the B|». 
wre is, to dispense with Dr. Haddon for taking of any other ^^ ^"*^' 

T 2 


BOO^ orders than he hath ahready. Dated in Decemb^. [Per- 
haps he took orders among the Protestants beyond sea.] 

Anno 1559. A prebend of* Brii^l granted to Thomas Bailj, B.D. 
To Thomas j)^^^ j^ December. 

To Trahe. A grant of a prebend of Windsor to Bartholomew T»- 

"*"• heron. Dated in January. 

For An- A presentation to the Bishop of Bath, to admit Anthcmy 

^^^ ' Salvyn to the parish church of Higham. Dated in Ja- 

For the ^ letter to Sir John Baker, to discharge Anthony Salvyn 

of such bonds as were made for the payment of the finU 
fruits of the mastership of the hospital of Sherborn, in the 
534 diocese of Durham : and to take bond of Sir Robert Bede 
for payment thereof; in respect of the grant thereof unto 
him made. Dated as above. 

To Sir Ro- The office of mastership of the hospital of St. Mary Mag- 
dalen of Sherbom, in the bishopric of Durham, to St 
Robert Rede, knt. for life. Dated in February. 

To Thomas A grant to Thomas Sampson, D. D. for lifSe^ of the deanfl^ 
mpaon. ^£ Chichester, with the profits thereunto belonging, upon 
the resignation of Bartholomew Traheron, D. D. Dated 
in February. 

To GUpin. A licence of preaching to Bernard Gilpin, B. D. Dated 
in February. 

To Ma^ A licence for preaching to John Madowel, B. D. Dated 

dowel. in February. 

To ALasco. A licei^ce to John k Lasco, during his life, to eat flesh in 
Lent, and other fasting days. Dated in February : but the 
patent bore date March 11. 

To Hariey. The creation of John Harley, D. D. one of his Majestj^s 
ordinary chaplains, to the bishopric of Hereford, for life^ 
with all the lordships and manors belonging to the same, 
except the mansion called the Bishop of Herefbria house^ 
lying in Old ^Fish-street, London, with the gardens and 
houses belonging to the same, [which the Lord Clintcm had 
got from the see.] Granted in February : but the patent 
bore date March ^, 1653. 


A special licence granted to Ormund Hill, clerk, to obtain, CHAP. 
Mirchase, or possess any manner of parsonage, vicarage, 

ands, tenements, or other hereditaments whatsoever, to the ^^^^ isss. 
ndue of m. by lease or otherwise, notwithstanding any actj^j,,^™^^ 
to the contrary. Dated March 18. 

A licence for preaching to John Parkhurst, clerk. Dated ^*^ ^^" 
Ln April. 
A like licence to Guy Eton, clerk. Dated in April. '^^ ^^ 
A like licence to Alexander Nowel, schoolmaster of West-.jiQ^g3„^, 
minster. Dated as before. der Nowel. 

A patent to John Barlow, clerk, de^n of the church of To John 
Worcester, giving him by the same full power and authority ' ^'^' 
to take and receive of the King, or of any of his subjects 
whatsoever, manors, messuages, lands, parsonages, tene- 
ments, &c. in farm, to him, his executors, or assigns, being 
either of the demission or grant of the !^ing, or any other 
persons, for the term of sixty years, either more or less, as 
between them can be agreed : so the clear value of the said 
manors, messuages, &c. so by the said Barlow taken and re- 
cfiYed to farm, do not exceed the clear value yearly of 501, 
^thout incurring any forfeiture or penalty of the act made 
in the 21st of King Henry VIII. of the statute of lands and 
tenements to let to farm to clerks and ecclesiastical persons. 
[Which statute actually forbad any spiritual person to take 
to farm manors, lands, tenements, &c. upon pain to forfeit 
IW. for every month they shall occupy such farm.] This 
patent was dated April 7. 

A licence to the Dean of Chester, to grant by deed in- To the 
dented, or otherwise, any of his lands, tenements, &c. to Sir Qhest**/ 
Bichard Cotton, knt. of the yearly rent of 603/. 18s. lOd. 
B&ted in April. 

A licence of preaching to John Bud, B. D. Dated as 

A letter to to proceed to the election and For a ifew 

EMHnination of a new master of the Savoy, according to the tb^&Ivoy. 
bondation and statutes of the same house. Dated in May. 

The office of master of the Savoy to Rafe Jackson, for To Rafe 
ife, with all fees. Dat^ in June. ** ^ 

T 8 


BOOK Articles agreed on by the bishops, and other learned men, 
^^* in the synod at London, in the year of our Lord 1652, for 

Anno 1558. avoiding of controversy in opinions, and the establishment of 

535 a godly concord in certain matters of religion, published by 

^'^i^ °^ ^^^ King"'s Majesty's commandment in the month of May 

*^'"'* 1663. 
The book A book signed by the King's Majesty, containing the ar- 
the'king! tides aforesaid. 

To WiUiam A grant of the next prebend in the church of Fridewide, 
^^^' Oxon, to William Walby , bachelor in phync. Dated in June. 
To Dayid A licence to the Bishop of Peterburgh, to give and grant 
Vincent, ^ David Vincent all the wood called Thomcts woody and 

the gift of the parsonage of Bemak in Northamptonsfaire. 

Dated in June. 
To the A gift to David Vincent, in fee-simple, of the prebend of 

**™** Rothfeune in Wiltshire, with divers other lands. Dated 

in June. 
To Christo- A letter to to assent to the gift of tbe 

pher Perne. jing of the Square tower adjoining to the cathedral churd 

there, with the bells, and other things thereto belonging, to 

Christopher Perne. Dated as before. 
For John A presentation to the Bishop of London, to admit John 
^8«"- Rogers in the cathedral church of Paul's, London. Dated 

as before. [To be reader there.] 

CHAP, xxxin. 

A catalogue of King Edward*sjree grammar schools, lion 
private matters concerning the King's hoicsehoid. 

JL HE next rank of things collected from the foresaid mam^ 
scripts is of 

VI. Schools Jbunded by the King. 

1650. A grant of a free grammar school at St. Edmund's Bury 
in Suffolk, liberally endowed with several lands of dissolved 

St. Ed- 

Bury. chantries. Bearing date an. 4°. ]^^s. 


A grant of a grammar school at Spillesby in Lincoln- CHAP, 
ahire, and for Robert Latham the first schoolmaster thereof, ^^ ' 
tar life: who shall have succession for ever, and be incor-Anno isso. 
porated by the name of pcedagogus pcsdagogicB de SpU- ^^ ^P*^**' 
leaby of the King^s foundation ; and that he and his suc- 
cessors shall be able to take and purchase, and to give and 
grant lands and tenements, &c. and to plead and be im- 
pleaded by that name : and that the said Latham and his 
successors shall have the parsonage of Spillesby for their 
mansion and the school-house, with three acres and an half 
of land there belon^ng to it, an annuity of 132. 13«. Sd. 
out of the King'^s lands in Spillesby, payable quarterly. 
With a grant in it, that Katharine Duchess of Suffolk, and 53d 
Charles Brandon, and either of them, their heirs and assigns, 
shall have as well the nomination and appointment of the 
iicboolmaster of the said school, as the visitation and reforma- 
tion of the same. Dated in November 1550. 

A grant that there shall be a free grammar school in the At Chelm»- 
parish of Chelmsford in Essex : whereof Sir William Petre, '*"**• 
TValter Mildmay, Henry Tirrel, knts. and Thomas Mild- 
may, esq. and the males of their bodies begotten, shall 
have the governance of all the possessions and goods, with a 
gift of all the chantry, called HilTs chcmtry^ with the ap- 
purtenances, in Great Badow, in the said county; to the 
said governors and their successors for ever: with divers 
other lands and tenements, to the yearly value oi90l.Yts, 10(2* 
besides 40«. yearly paid to the poor people of Badow afore- 
said. Paying yearly therefore at Michaelmas Yts.AQd, at 
the augmentation : and authority ^ven to the said governors 
to appoint the schoolmaster and usher thereof, and to pro- 
vide other necessaries for the said school, and to take the 
profits of the said lands ; with a licence to purchase of the 
King, or otherwise, lands, tenements, rectories, tenths, &c. 
to the yearly value of 9101. besides the premises. Dated in 

A grant unto the inhabitants of the town of Sedbergh in issi. 
the county of York, that there shall be erected a free gram- ^^^' 
mar school in Sedbergh, to be called King Edwc^d the 

T 4 



At Louth. 


BOOK Sixties grammar school: and that James Ducket, Riduurd 

' Middleton, &c. be governors of the same. With a further 

Anno 1551. grant unto the said inhabitants, and their successors, towards 

the sustentation of the said school, of the parsonage of 

Weston in the county of York, ¥rith divers other lands, to 

the yearly value of S02. 13«. lOd. Dated in ApriL 

A grant to the inhabitants of the town of Loth, [Loudi,] 
and their successors, that there shall be a free grammar 
school there, called Kmg Edwa/rdCs free grammar school; 
and one guardian, and six assistants, of the same town, one 
schoolmaster, one usher ; with a ^t for the sustentiUion of 
the same, of sixty-seven acres of land in Louth in Lincolft- 
shire ; with divers other lands, &c. to the yearly value of 40L 
Dated in September. 

A grant to the bailiff, burgesses, and inhabitants of the 
town of Salop, that there shall be a free granmsar school, 
and one master and usher to teach children. For the sus- 
tentation whereof, the King gave them, and their succeraora^ 
for ever, all the tithes coming and growing of the towna^ 
fields, and parishes of Astley, Sensaw, Cliff-Letton, and 
Almon park, in the county of Salop. Dated in November. 
[But the patent sealed in February following.] 

A grant to the bailiff and burgesses of the town of Ea«t 
Retford in the county of Nottingham, that there shall be a 
grammar school there, which shall be called King Edwaris 
free grammar school^ and a schoolmaster and usher. To 
the sustentation whereof he gave the late chantry of Sutton 
Loundale, in the parish of Lounde, in the said county; to 
the yearly value of 15Z. 5s, S^d. Dated in November. 

A free grammar school erected by the King at Bryming- 
ham [alias Bromycham] in the county of Warwick, called 
King Edward the Sixth's free gramimar school, with » 
537 schoolmaster and usher. For the sustentation whereof he 
gave all that his barn and four messuages lying in Dalend 
in Brimingham in the said county ; to the value of 21t per 
ann. rendering to the King, and his successors, 90^. yearly, 
at the augmentations. 
At Morpeth. A patent, bearing date March 18, at the request of the 

At East 

At Brym- 


Lard Dacres, granted to the bailiff and burgesses of Mor- CHAP. 

peth in Northumberland, for the erecting of a school there, XXXIII. 

ft Bcfaoolmaster, and usher; with a gift of two chantries inAimoissl. 

Mc»rpeth, with divers other lands, &c. yearly value SOI. 

10». 8d. and a licence of mortmain to purchase 202. by 

the year for maintenance thereof. 

likewise the next year, viz. 155S, were erected grammar isss. 

schools at Macclesfield, at Non-Eton, at Stourbridge in field, &c^^ 

Woroestershire. This last by the grant to be called Kinff 
EdwarcTs school^ and had a gift of all the yearly pensions 
iiid portions of tithes of Markley and Suckley in the same 
county ; and divers other lands. Likewise there were other 
«cho(ds of his founding, the same year, at Bath and Bed- 
ford, and at Guilford. And in the last year of the King, 
t^. 1558, other schools, viz. at Grantham, at Thome, and i558. 
at Gi^leswick. The foundations and endowments of all 
ivhich abovementioned are shewn in the Catalogue of Re- 
cords, book 2, at the letter I. And besides all those, yet 
ether nuxre are these that follow, not mentioned there. ^ 

A grant for the establishing of the corporation of the At St. Ai- " 
town of St. Alban's in the county of Hertford, with certain 
liberties therein mentioned ; and for the erection of a free 
gnmmar school there ; with a grant of the late abbey church 
to be their parish church. Dated in April. 

A grant to Sir Andrew Jud, knt. and alderman of London, At Ton- 
that diere shall be a free grammar school in Tunbridge in ^^' 
Kent, called King Edward the SixMs Jree grammar 
*d^j with a schoolmaster and usher; with a Ucence to 
the said Andrew Jud to take lands and possessions for the 
Kittentation of the same school. Dated in April. 

A free erammar school granted to the mayor and bur-AtSouth- 
giesses of Southampton, with a schoolmaster and usher ; and 

^nth a licence to take land to the yearly value of 407. Dated 

A grant to the burgesses of Stratford-upon-Avon of aAtstrat- 

iee grammar school and almshouse ; with a gift of certain ^^' 

mds, to the value yearly of 462. Sf. ft^i. Dated in Jnncw 

Old this waa the last this Prince founded. ' - 


BOOK We may note, that the endowments of these schools vere 
^'' for the most part out of the chantry lands, given to the 

Anno 166S. King in the first of his reign, according to the intent of the 
Schools en- Parliament therein : which was, to omvert them from super- 

dowedwith ^ . . 

chuitry stiUous uses unto more godly, as m erecting gnunmir 
landt : uid g^i^Q^jg £3]. ^i^^ education of youth in virtue and godlinesB, 

for further augmenting the universities, and better provi* 
sion for the poor. And the King was so honest and just, to 
lay them out in a very ocmuderable measure for these good 
ends intended. 

The last things we are to ^ve account of frcHn our manu- 
scripts, are a few matters relating to the King*s housdiold 
and servants ; which, though of a private nature, yet may be 
well worthy our notice. 

538 VII. Matters of the hottsehold., 

1550. A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, knt [belonging to tfaue 
theKk^^s wardrobe,] to deliver to John Ventrice, Bog«r Newport* 
footmen. Edward Broughtel, and Humphrey Colley, the King's Ma- 
jesty's footmen, and to every of them, two yards and an half 
of crimson velvet for a running coat, and to pay for the 
lining and making thereof. Dated in October 1560. 

A warrant to Sir Edmund Feckham, knt. [treasurer, as I 
think, of the chamber,] to pay unto every one of the said 
four footmen, for twenty-six ounces of alver parcel gilt, at 
8d. [8s. perhaps] the ounce, about their running coats, for 
the third year of the King^s reign. Dated as before. 
Licence to Bartholomew Compagni, a Florentine, the Eang*s factors 
fa^r for' ^ licence to him, his factors, and attorneys, appointed for 
^^hT*^' provision of such things as be brought into the realm, as 
followeth ; that is to say, all manner of cloth of gdd and 
silver, all manner of silks and velvets, damasks, satins, taff^ 
tas, and sarcenets ; all manner of works of Venice gdd and 
silver, damask gold and silver, and of silk, as passemain, 
fringe, riband, and such other work, all gold and silver, 
both Venice and damask ; all manner of gold work, plate 
and silver vessels, jewels, pearls, precious stones, as wdl set 
in gold, and embroidered in garments, as otherwise; all 




aoanner of garments embroidered with gold and silver, CHAF. 
skins and fiirs, sables and lusards, cloths of tapestry and 

urras, mixed with gold, silver, or silk, and all other things Anno i650. 
meet for the King^s Majesty's use and purpose; without any 
manner of opening before it be brought to the port of Lon- 
don, and there viewed and praised by the King's officers 
tbesreunto admitted. Dated in October. 

A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to Robert Bas-^?^ the 
8ok, sergeant of the vestry, threescore and two surplices, for chai^i. 
the gentlemen of the chapel ; two surplices ¥rith wrought 
iWMrk for the sub-dean of the chapel ; four-and-twenty sur- 
plices for the children of the chapel ; for the table in the 
ehapel three cloths; two tablecloths for the body of the 
du^l; four diaper napkins for the commxmion; six albs 
for the minister, deacon, and sub-deacon; two hundred 
hooks, one hammer, a pair of pinsons, a little pot, and a 
guispb, a pair of tin cruets, three yards of green cloth to 
% the stuff upon. Dated in November. 

A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to the officers of issi. 
•nns, that is to say, to the three kings of arms, three coats of the^jonm 
*itin, painted with gold; to five heralds, five of damask, **»"n»>&«« 
pfiinted with gold ; and to eight pursuivants, eight of sarQje- 
Jiet, painted with gold. Dated in February. 

A commission to Philip Van Wilder, gentleman of the Singing 
fmj chamber, in any churches or chapels, or other places ^ J^ ^" f" 
^thin England, to take to the King^s use such and as many use. 
ringing children or choristers, as he or his deputy shall think 
9|ood. Dated in February. 

A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to Mr. Cecyl For the 
md Mr. Robotham, yeomen of the robes, all things as hath maundy. 
xen accustomed for the King^s maundy, for the fifth year 
)f his reign. [When he was to wash the poor men'^s feet.] 
Dated as above. 

To Sir Greorge Howard, for his office of master 530 

>f the henchmen for one whole year. He was appointed to Master of 
ittend upon the young lords sent over the sea as hostages ; men. 
rhereof tlie Earl of Hertford was one. Dated in March. 


BOOR A warrant to the Exchequer, to deliver to Peter Ridiaid- 
^^' son, goldsmith, 6001. prest, to be employed in fine mlver, to 

Anno 1551. make spangles for the livery coats of the guard, the jeomea 
Spa^iet Qf ^|,g Tower of London, the footmen and messengers of 
coats. the chamber, for the fifth year of the King^s reign. Bated 

in May. 
CrimM>n A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to Edward Lord 
thJhJtd Clinton, lord admiral, which is now elect and chosen to be 
Clinton of of the right honourable order of the Garter, for his Every rf 
the same order, eighteen yards of crimson velvet, for one 
gown, hood, and tippet, and ten yards of white sarcenet far 
the lining of the same. Dated in May. 
A child of A warrant to Sir William Cavendish, to pay to Job 
**»« i«»J>. YVheeler, whom the King hath taken into the room of 
child of the leash, the wages of 40^. by year, during his 
life, from the death of Richard Bolton. Dated in Sef- 
Hisap. A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to the said 

P"^* John Wheeler yearly, during his life, these parcels follow- 
ing; first, eight yards of motley for a coat, at 3«. 4d the 
yard, and for the making of the same coat 14?. six yards of 
chamlet for two doublets, at 3*. 4d. the yard ; six yards of 
fustian, at Sd, the yard, for lining to the same; two yards 
of canvas to line the same, at Sd. the yard ; for making bis 
said doublets, 16d, apece : six yards of fustian, at 19d. the 
yard, for two doublets ; and four yards of cotton, at Sd, the 
yard, and two yards of canvas, at 4d. the yard, for lining the 
same; for making the same, 9>s. eighteen ells of Holland 
cloth for six shirts, at 12d. the ell ; and for making every 
shirt, Sd. four yards of broad cloth for a gown, at Bs. the 
yard : a fur of black Irish lamb, price 30*. for furring and 
making of the same, 3s. 6d. three broad yards of red woollen 
cloth for a coat, &c. Dated as before. 
Wages paid A warrant to Sir William Cavendish, to pay Sir Anthony 
te^t o?" ^^cy his fee or wages of lOOZ. by year, for exerciang the 
the Tower, room of lieutenant of the Tower of London. Dated in 


A warrant to Sir William Cavendish, to pay to j?hilip CHAP. 
fask Wilder yearly, the allowance of 80Z. for the finding of xxxni. 
ix singing children of the chamber. Dated as before. Anno i«5ir 

A warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver to Richard Cecyl ^^^s^^ 

-_,- - !/»/• children of 

aaia Robert Robotham, yeomen of the robes, fifteen gowns the cham- 
of grey marble cloth, fifteen pair of single-soled shoes, and**®^* 
fcrty-five ells of linen cloth, to be given to fifteen poor men For fifteen 
on Maundy Thursday. p*^|[ ""«" 

•^ , "^ . at the 

A warrant to Richard Cecyl, esq. to deliver to the Earl of maandy. 
Sirewsbury one of the Eing^s canes, having a dial of gold on A cane for 
the top, and garnished with gold ; and having at the end a Shrewsbury, 
viral [ferula] of gold ; as of the Eing'^s gift. Dated in April. 

Richard Gowre, master of the children of the King's Master of 
diapel; a letter to him, to take up, from time to time, as^renof' 
many children to serve in the chapel as he should think fit. ***« King's 
Bated in June. ^ 

The office of child of the leash to John Strete, for life. 540 
[There was one Strete, the King's limner ; this John Strete ^ ^^^ ^^ 
nught be his son.] With the wages of 40^. by year, to be 
pad by the treasurer of the chamber quarterly. And a 
warrant to Sir Rafe Sadler, to deliver yearly to the said 
Jdm Strete certain stuff for his apparel, with allowance for 
makiDg. Dated in December. 

A warrant to Sir Andrew Dudley, to deliver to Robert Warrant to 
fiobotham, yeoman of the robes, to keep for the King oneJ^^^^j^^J^ 
fiir of black genets, taken out of a gown of purple cloth of 
olver tissue ; another fur of black genets, taken out of a 
purple gown of silver with works And to the Lord 

Chamberlain a gown of crimson satin, embroidered with 
gold, and furred with black genets. To Sir Richard Cotton 
* crimson satin gown, furred with squirrels, and faced with 
^ies, and ten yards of black : and to himself a gown of 
dark crimson velvet, furred with aglets, and buttons thereto 
^appertaining. And to Sir Thomas Wroth ten yards df black 
^vet, which he won of the King. Dated in December. 

A warrant to the Lord Treasurer, to deliver to Sir An-AooUaroff 
Atw Dudley one collar of gold of the order of the Garter, ^ ^'^^ 
Remaining in his charge, containing twfenty-seven toses of 


BOOK gold enamelled red, with the garter about them enamelled 
blue, and Honi soU qui mai y pense in it: and also twenty- 

Anno 166ft. seven knots of gold enamelled, with a fidr Greorge pendant, 

with three very httle short chains at it, set with five table 

diamonds, and five pointed diamonds enamelled black on the 

backside. Dated in December. 

To the em- A warrant to the receiver of the duchy of Lancaster, to 

pay to Ibgrave, embroiderer, for embroidering one hundred 

and nine coats for the guard, and for four messengers of the 

chamber, for the seventh year of the King^s reign, 41Z. 1&. 

8d. Dated in March. 

To uiotber A like warrant to him to pay Gillan Brodlet, for em- 

^^ "^ '' broidering one hundred and twenty-two coats, 46/. fe. 8d. 

Dated as before. 
For wpmr A like warrant to him to pay Peter Richardson in prest, 
^ ^* to be employed upon spangles, 600/. Dated as before. 









\ • 









remonie^ andjiineral solemnities paid to the corpse 
of King Henry VIII, 

EB the ccMTps was cold, and seen by the Lords of the ^ o^^. 
Councii, and others the nolnlity of the realm, a^ ap^ n. 
led, commajidiniSiit was giy^i to the ^.pothecaries, 
^eons, wax-chandlers and others, to do thdr duties in 
)g, cleansing, bowelling, eering, embalming, fumish- 
d dres^ng with spices the said corps; and also for 
Qg the same in cerecloth of many fold^ over the fine 
f rains and velvet, surely bound and trammePd with 
)f silk : which was done and executed of them ac- 
j^ly, 9£ jto the dignity of such a mighty Prince it ap- 
leth : and a wridne in crreat and small letters annexed 
; the breast, ooBtlbghk oame aad style, the day 
ar of his deaths ip like manner. Aft^ this don, then 
e plumper a^ carpenter appointed tp ca^e him in 
lyl tp diiest him. Which being don, th^ said che^t 
^ered about with blew velvet, and a cross set upon 

1 the CjC^rps being th^s (»dained, the entrails and 
were IuxK>rably buried in the chappel within the said 
wit^ all manner of ceremonies thereunto belonging ; 
' the dean and ministers of the same ehi^pel. 
B was the corps ii^ the chest had into the mid^A of 
iyy 4dbr^b€9*, and «^t upon tr^B(S8«ls wjith « licli pptt^if 
tf 99I49 »il4 A ^3t€m th^eon, w^ aU 

. II. PAET II. u 


therto requisite; having divine service about him with 
masses, obsequies, and prayers ; and continual watch made 
by his chaplains and gentlemen of his privy chamber, to the 
number of thirty persons, besides the chapkuns, ccmtiniiallj 
about him, in their orders and courses night and day, during 
the time of his abode there, which was five days. And in 
the mean time, all things in the chappel, and for preparing of 
his herse in the same, were continually a doing, as hereafter 
shal be declared. 

First, The chambers, galleries, hal, chappel, and al other 
necessary places, were hanged with black, and garnished 
with escutcheons of his armes, descents, and mariages. 

In the said chappel was ordained a goodly formal hene, 
with fourscore square tapers ; every light containing two 
foot in length, paising in the whole eighteen hundredweight 
8. 14. p. 63. of wax; [another account saith, by estimation, two thofr 
sand ;] garnished about with pensils and escutcheons, \m^. . 
ners and bannerols of descents. And at the four camn 
four banners of saints beaten in fine gold upon damask; 
4 with a majesty therover of rich cloth of tissue, and vallance , 
of black sUk, and fringe of black silk and gold. And the 
barriers without the herse, and the sides and floor of the sail 
chappel, covered with black cloth, to the high altar : and aB 
the sides and ceiling of the said chappel set with bannen ' 
and standards of St. George and others. 

And at the foot, where the corps should be reposed within 
the herse, stood an altar covered with black velvet, adorned 
with al manner of plate and jewels of the revestry: upon 
which altar there was said mas continually during the time 
that the corps was there remaining. And the high altar veiy 
richly adorned with plate and jewels, and other ornaments. 

And in the mean time commandment was given to al 
manner of states, as wel noble men and women, to whom it 
appertained, as to al of them of the King^s house, to put 
apart their several apparels, and put on them every man Ih 
mourning weeds. And warrants directed out to the great 
wardrobe, for the serving of them, every man and womatt 
after the rate and proportion appointed to thdr degrees ^to 



the intenl they might give their attendance in sUch kind of 
Bervice as to them should be appointed : which was accom^- 
plished of every man against the day the corps should be 

The names of the mourners appointed to give their atr 
tendance upon the said corps, as wel at the herse as in the 
lemoving therof from place to place, hereafter follow. 


Henry Gray, Lord Marques of Dorset. 


Lofd St. Johns, lord pre^- 
dent of the council. 

Henry Fitz Alleyn, Earl of 
Arundel, lord chamber- 

' Iain. 

JUm Vere, Earl of Oxford. 

Ran. Talbot, Earl of Shrews- 

£dw. Stanley, Earl of Derby. 

Hen. Ratclyff, Earl of Sussex. 
Henry Parker, Lord Morley. 
William Dacre, Lord Dacre 

of the north. 
Walter Devereux, Lord Fer- 


Edw. Fyenns, Lord Clinton. 
Edward Gray, Lord Gray. 
John Scrope, Lord Scrope. 

These noblemen prepared themselves in their mourning 
Indbits, as hoods, mantles, gowns, and al other apparels, ac- 
iBording to their degrees ; and were in good order and readi* 
lless at the Court, to give their attendance when they should 
be called. 

. The names of the bishops and prelates appointed as well 
fcr the executing and ministring divine service in the chap- 
pd, as also to attend upon the conduct of the said corps 
ilien it shall be removed, 

Steven Gardiner, bishop of St. Davids. 5 

Winchester, chief prelate. Henry Holbeach, bishop of 

Catbert Tunstal, bishop of 

r- Durham. 

Edmund Boner, bishop of 

TH Goodrich, bishop of Ely. 

John Wakeman, bishop of 

Arthur Bulkley, bishop of 


Barlow, \Aahop of PaulBusb^lHfiliopcC 


Wliereof the Bishop ofWindiester was appointed to 
flermon ; and being chief prelate of the cider, to execute. 

Theee, with al other chaplains and men of the chw 
were commanded to be ready in their pontificaliiugj i 
others (ot the execution of divine service at the time 
pointed, as followeth : 

The second day of the month of February, being Ml 
nesday, and Candlemas day, betwixt eight and nine of 
clock at night, the herse being lighted, and all other thi 
appointed and prepared, the said most royal corps was 
verendly taken and removed from the chambers, covi 
with a rich pall of doth of tissue, crossed with white tia 
and gamiriied with escutcheons of his arms; and sofaroi] 
to the chapel by the lord great master, the officers of ho 
hold, gentlemen of the privy chamber, esquires for the be 
and other noblemen and gentlemen, both spiritual and t 
poral ; placed in their d^rees, and going before the ca 
and after, with lights meet for the same. And there it 
honorably set and placed within the said herse, und^ a 
of rich doth of tissue, garnished with escutcheons, an 
rich doth of gold set with precious stones theron. 

And the corps being so reposed in the herse, the deai 
the chappel, with all other chaplains and ministers theroi 
to their oraisons and suffrages. 

After that, the gentlemen ushers, with officers of ai 
and others therto appointed, began their watch in due coi 
and order, as to them appertained, for that night; wl 
order was also kept and continued honorably night and c 
during the said corps there being, with al divine service n 
and convenient for the same. 

So the morrow after, being Thursday, the 3d of Fehrui 
between nine and ten before noon, the mourners assemt 
themselves in the pallet chamber, in their moumii^ 
parel, with their hoods on their heads: and from die 
were conveyed to chappel in form following ; that is te I 
two and two in order after their degrees, next to the cli 
and then the chief mourner with his train boni aftor li 
conducted with officers of arms, and gentlen&eii 


lioeHluunberliiin and diren otbers kUomag them, after 
dieir degrees ; and so proceded u] they came to the Twrse^ 
lAere they were placed, and kneeled about thie corps oa 
ether side, as they proceded ; and the chief mourners at 

Then Norroy king of arms, standing at the quire dow, 
mth his fiice to the people, said with a loud voice, " Of 
"your charity pray for the soul of the high and most mighty 
" Ptince, our late Sorerdgn Lord and King Henry VIII.'* 
Which he did daily at the be^nning of al masses and (ii- 
riga. Then from the veetry of the said chappel came out6 
tbee bishops in pontificalilnu, and began the re^iem mass 
■t the high altar, the chappel nn^g and Gsying the cere- 
wnies tberto appertiuning, in most solempn and goodly wise, 
to the offertory. 

Then was a carpet and quission laid by the gentlemen 
ad jeomen hnishers, for the chief mourner ; who inunedi- 
n^ came up to the offering, with the rest following after 
kim in order two and two, as aforesaid, conducted by officers 
■tanas, and gentlemen huishers. Then the chief moumra', 
Kceanng the offering 4rf the Lord Chamberlain, did offer 
Ae game, assisted with al the rest, and none other offmng 
nt he : and so returned in like order, leaving the corps on 
&e i^ht hand, and placed themselves as they were ^3e!ore, 
within the herse. And after the mas was ended, the pre- 
wes that executed came from the altar down to the herse ; 
>nd they censed the 8^ corps with al maner of cere- 
Monies therto appertaining : and that don, they returned to 
the vestry. And the mourners departed, conducted in or- 
ler, as oforesiud, to the chamber of presence ; where was 
prepared for them a sumptuous dinner; and the chief 
Boumer served with assays, and al other service, saving 
be estate, as if it had been the Kings Majesty personally 

When the divine service was don, every man. drew b 
df to his lod^g til afternoon at the hour appointe^^;^ 
ken they repaired again to the said c 
ley woe had and oondusted in Uke-j^ 


and placed about the corps, kneeling within the hene,a8 
afOTe is mentioned. Then Norroy king at arms came dot 
and proclaimed his style, bidding the prayers ; and with 
that, the prelates before named began the placebo and di- 
rige. And at every lesson Norroy went out, and bad the 

Thus the aforesaid prelates, with the dean and dbapter, 
continued in al maner of service and ceremonies, difigia 
and masses, censings, watching, saying of psalters, and al 
other rites and duties, as wel in the forenoon as after, hj 
night and by day during the abode of the corps within the 
chappel ; which was twelve days. In the mean time the 
herses at Sion and Windsor, and al other kinds of prepi- 
ration, were doing ; which was set forth as hereattex fid- 

First, the church of Sion, and the choir, with the house, 
chambers, and lod^gs, where the ambassadors and Doblei 
should repair, were hung to the ground with black doth, 
and garnished with escotcheons of the Kings armes in the 
garter and manages. In the midst of the choir there wn 
ordained a royal and stately herse of nine principals with 
double stories, and a costly majesty, a vallance fringed with 
black silk and gold, and hatchments garnished over al with 
pencils, escotcheons of armes, bannerols of descents; and 
about the same double barriers hanged with black cloth) 
escotcheons ; and the floor of the same herse covered with 
black cloth to the high altar : which was al covered with 
black velvet, and preciously adorned with al maner of plate 
Jr and jewels of the church, silver, gold, and precious stmM^ 
in the best wise. And the said herse continued with al sorU 
of lights in great number. 

And at Windsor, the ways of passage from the castk- 
bridge to the west door of the colledg were railed on bodi 
sides the way, and hanged with black cloth to the grouni 
with escotcheons of arms and mariages : and so were the 
lodgings of the ambassadors and nobles within the castk; 
and al the church peramble, and the choir of the coShep 
hung and garnished as aforesaid : and the whole floor d 


the choir was spread with black cloth. And the herse 
standing in the midst of the said choir was of a wonderful 
state and proportion ; that is to say, formed in compas of 
eight panes, and thirteen principals, double storied, of 
thirty-five foot high, curiously wrot, painted, and gilded, 
having in it a wonderful sort of lights, amounting in price 
of wax to the sum of four thousand pound weight, and gar- 
lushed underneath with a rich majesty, and a doome double 
vallanced: on the which on either side was written the 
Kings word in beaten gold upon silk, and his armes of 
descents. And the whole herse was richly fringed with 
double fringes of black silk and gold on either side, both 
within and without, very gorgous, and valiant beheld. 

And above, over al the herse among the lights, it was set 
and garnished with pensils, scutcheons of arms and mariages, 
with hatchments of silk and gold, and divers bannerols of 
descents, depending in goodly order round about the herse. 
Also the double barriers of the said herse were hanged with 
black cloth, and set with escotcheons of the Kings armes, 
and al the floor overspread with black cloth to the high 
altar: which altar was hanged with cloth of gold, and 
adorned with all the precious jewels of the church, as can* 
dlesticks, crosses, basins, censers, shipes, and images of gold 
and silver in great abundance. And another altar set at 
the foot where the corps should ly within the herse, co- 
vered with black velvet, hanged also with the richest orna- 
ments and plate, that in the best form and order might be 

Now while these things were in hand, and continually 
working by artificers and others therto appointed, there was 
ordained for the corps a sumptuous and valuable chariot of 
four wheels, very long and large, with four pillars overlaid 
al with doth of gold at the four comers, bearing a pillow of 
ridi cloth of gold and tissue, fringed with a goodly deep 
fitinge of blew silk and gold : and underneath that, turned 
towards the chariot, was a marvellous excellent cloth of 
majesty, having in it a doom artificially wrought in fine gold 
upon oyl. And al the nether part of the said chariot was 

.. A. 



hanged with blew velvet down to the ground betireen die 
wheels, and al other parts of the chariot enclosed m Bb 
maner with blew velvet 

Forthwith were al other necessary things for the condwl 
of the said noble corps with al speed devised and set lbId^ 
to be ready at the day the same should be removed. 

There was also order taken for the clearing and mencEif 
of all the high ways between Westminster and TVlndflor, 
whereas the corps should pas; and the n(»some boi](^ 
8 cut down of every side the way, for prejudioeing of de 
standards, banners, and bannerols. And where the wiji 
were narrow, there were hedges opened on ^tber ade, aoii 
the footmen mig^t have firee passage, without tlmying or 
disturbing of their orders. 

Itenij My Lord of Worcester, the Kings almoner, iridi 
other his minbters and asustants, did dayly distribute to die 
poor people, as wel about the Kings house at Westmhttts^ 
as at Leadenhal in London, and divers other places, gral 
plenty of mony in almesdeeds, both in open doles, and bf 
way of proclamation ; and especially in the wards of Los" 
don, wheras need was, to the great relief and comfort of thtf 
poor people. 

There was also two carts laden with hatches and esool' 
cheons of armes delivered to the said almoner, to distribute 
them, with certain mony, to the parishes along the wtj\ 
which carts went forth before the removing with the al- 
moners deputies, and delivered the same to the curats lod 
clerks of the churches here ensuing : 
Charing-cross. Fulham. 

St. Margaret at West- Kensington. 

S. Martin. 


St. Giles in the Fields. 





New Branforth. 







eke. Shipstcm. LMgley* 

L Docket Famham. 

Hais. Winder. 

:^ridg. Drayton. Windsctf* collie. 

Mirats and clerks of these churches had tordfes and 
ons and money delivered them by the Kings al- 
And when the corps was coming, they stood in 
' in their best ornaments, and honorably received 
3, bidding their oraisons and prayers as appertained) 
outly censed the corps as it proceeded. Which 
as kept al the long way between Westminster and 
r, ever as the corps removed. 
3 and other things requirite to the removing in 
ifore declared, ordained, and provided, on Sunday 
; the 18 day of February, at the high altar of the 
» where the corps remained, there were sung three 
masses by bishops in pontificaUlms in sundry suitm 
It of our Lady, in white : the second of the Trinity, 
: the third of requiem^ by the right reverend the 
rf Winchester, in black. And at every mas^two bi* 
litred to minister therto, as epistolar and gospeller* 
the chief mourner, with al the rest of the lords 
rs were set and kneeled within the herse, the chap* 
al the people keeping silence, Norroy king at armei( 
le bedes in form before expressed. And the dboir 
ie office of the first mas ; and so proceded solemnly q 
3 prelates executing to the offertory of the mad of 
. Then the chief mourner, accompanied with al the 
he mourners, offered for them al. So the mas pnv 
) the end. The mas don, the prelats as aforesaid 
the corps, the chappel singing Libera me^ Damine. 
)n, they went into the revestry again. Immediat^y 
iraers, with al other prelats, drew to the diamber itf 
I to dinner, as is aforesaid. 

same day was proclamation made, that al men al- 
lack fiveries of die King should give attendance the 
J at five of the clock, at Charing-cross, for tibe ooo- 


duct of the said corps to Syon that night liewi^ lliat il 
such as had cariage of their masters should go before for 
troubling the passage of the said corps in the way. 

After dinner they withdrew to their chambers, and re- 
sorted to the chappel in due time, as is aforesaid: where 
was dirige with censing of the corps, al suffirages and du- 
ties therto appertaining. That done, they went to supper. 
But there was solemn watch about the corps, with conti- 
nual prayer and lights al that night 

The next day early, [the 14 February,] the chariot was 
brought to the court hal door ; and the corps with great 
reverence brought from the herse to the same by mitped 
prelats, and other temporal lords. In this wise went the 
bishops two and two in order, saying th^ prayers, tordies 
plenty on every side the corps, bom by sixteen yeomen of 
the guard under a rich canopy of blew velvet fringed with 
silk and gold, which was holden up with six blew staves and 
knops of gold ; the six staves were bom by six barcms; vix. 
the Lords Burgaveny, Conyers, Latjnoaer, Fitzwater, Bray, 
and Cromwel : which lords executed the said office as oft 
as the said corps was removed to and fro the choir. Then 
followed the chief mourner and the rest of the lords mourn- 
ers in order, with torches light, born on every side in great 
numbers : and so was it reverently setled in the bulk of the , 
chariot. Over the coffin of the said chair was cast a pall of 
rich cloth of gold, and upon that a goodly image like to the 
Kings person in al points, wonderful richly apparelled, with 
velvet, gold, and precious stones of al sorts ; holding in his 
right hand a scepter of gold ; in his left hand the bal of the 
world with a cross. Upon his head a crown imperial of ifr 
estimable value, a collar of the Garter about his neck, and a 
garter of gold about his leg. Which thus being honorary 
conducted as aforesaid, was laid upon the said coffin by the 
gendemen of his privy chamber upon rich cushions of dodi 
of gold, and fast bound with silk ribbands to the jnllan of 
the said chariot, for removing. Then were set at the bead 
and feet of the said corps. Sir Anthony Denny and Sir 


Wilfiam Herbert, two of the chief of his privy chamber ; 
whidi kept their rooms, and were caned in the chariot with 
the corps. 

The chariot with the corps and representation so dis- 
posed, was garnished about with fourteen bannerols of 
manages and descents ; that is to say, six at either side, and 
at each end one. And so it rested there with a great num- 
ber of torches burning on either side, with certain noblemen 10 
and gentlemen attending theron, by the space of two hours, 
til the horses and al other things necessary were seen and 
set forward. So about eight of the clock, the weather be- 
ing very fair, and the people very desirous to see the sights, 
the nobles mounted their horses, and marched forward with 
the noble corps. 

First of al rode two porters of the Kings house [named 
John Herd and Thomas Mervjnti] with two black staves in 
their hands, to stay, that neither cart, horse, nor man should 
twmble or cumber them in this passage : then came the ser- 
geant of the vestry with his verger, and after him the cros, 
^ the children, clarks, and priests of the chappel with 
their surplices on their backs, singing in order their oraisons 
«nd prayers. On each side of them, from the cross to the 
dean, went the number of two hundred and fifty poor men 
in long mourning gowns and hoods, with badges on their 
left shoulders, the red and white cross in a sun shining, 
crown imperial over that. In each of their hands a large 
torch burning. And on each hand of them went two carts 
laden with torches, to restore them always as the old wasted. 
Then proceded Thomas A Bruges, esq. bearing the 
Dragon standard ; and on each side of him a sergeant at 
irmes with his mace. 

Next, al maner of messagers, ambassadors servants, be- 
ng gentlemen, trumpets .without instruments, gentile 
Grangers, chaplains without dignity, esquires, head-ofBcers 
XP household not being knights, in their d^ees, the better 
he neerer the corps, and pursevants at arms riding contiU 
lually up and down between the gtandardis ^:lt9^.AP0» 
:eep their order* 


Then the standard of the Greyhound, bom by Sir Nico- 
las Sturiey, kt. On each side of him another sa^geant 88 
aforesaid. Next the standard followed the aldermen of 
London, to the number of twelve. After them knij^ts 
bannerets, chaplains of dignity, the Kmgs head offioen, 
being knights, and other notable strangers, and two he- 
ralds, and other officers, riding from standard to standard, 
to conduct them. 

Then (»me the standard of the lion, bom by the Lofd 
Winsor, hooded, and trapped as the other aforesaid. Andod 
each side of him a sergeant at armes with his maoe. Under 
the standard al the Kings council of the law followed, and 
others, not being of the Privy Council, after their degrees, 
two and two in order. Then al lords or barons, viscounts, 
earls, and bishops, after their d^rees, two and two in order, 
then the lords of the council in their places two and two. 
Then came al noble strangers, ambassadors of divers kmg^ 
doms, nations, and towns, accompanied with such of tbe 
lords as best could entertain them, and understand their j 
language. Then the ambassador of the Emperor, and with 
him the Archbishop of Canterbury ; and four heralds rid- 
ing about to see them keep order. 

Then came the banner of the Kings armes embroidered^ 
born by the Lord Talbot, with his hood on, and his hone 
garnished and trapped. After him Carlile herald of armes, 
bearing the helm and the crest of the Kings horse trappd 
1 1 and garnished. Then Norroy king at armes bare the targe 
alone in like maner. Next, Clarentieux king at armes btie 
the sword. Then Garter principal king of armes bare ihe 
Kings rich coat of armes curiously embroidered. And od 
each side of these, hatchments, sergeants of armes riding 
with their maces. 

Then the twelve banners of descents were hom^ two m 
order, as foUoweth. First, a banner of the Kings and Q- 
Janes^s armes, born by Geo. Harper, esq. Secondly, a hen- 
ner of the Kings and Q. Katharins armes bom by Leonarjl 
Chamberlain, esq. Thirdly, a banner of Bichmond and 
Holland, by Sir William Barrington> kt. Fourthly, a ban- 


ner of March and Ulster, by Sir Edward Willou^by. 
FifUily, a banner of Somerset and Beaucbamp, by Sir Pbi- 
GpDragot, kt Sixthly, a banner of Somerset and Rich- 
nmd, by Sir Nicolas Fonyngs, kt. Seventhly, a banner of 
York with the mariage, by Sir Fulk Grevyl, kt. Eighthly, a 
banner of King Edward IV. and his manage, by Sir Jdhin 
Harcote, kt. Ninthly, a banner of King Henry VII. and 
Ug manage, by Sir Anthpny Hungerford, kt. Tenthly, a 
ittmier of S. Edmonds armes, by Sir Greorge Blount, kt. 
EWesBthly, a banner of S. Edwards armes, by Edward 
Littleton, esq. . Twelthly, a banner of Lancaster, with the 
manage, by Sir John Markham, kt. 

These banners went before the chariot one against an- 
odier, as they be rehersed. And at the four comers of the 
and chariot went four worthy kni^ts, with four banners of 
fiour saints, as after fcdloweth : viz, a banner of S. Edward, 
by Sir Thomas Clere, kt. A banner of King Henry the 
Saint, by Sir William Woodhouse, kt. At the two hind^ 
comers, a banner of the Trinity, bom 1^ Sir Michael Lyl- 
ato*; the other of our Lady, by Sir Francis Dautre, kt. 

Then caxne the chair with the corps thereon, and the re- 
(iRaentation before described, in the most noble wise that 
Mikl be devised, with grooms, pages, from the first horse 
bead to the mourners, on either side gdng on foot with the 
^taff torches brenning about the chair, to the number of 
msPf or more: the chair drawn by seven great horses 
irfuitiy tn^pped in black velvet down to the pasterns, and 
garniidied with escotcheons of the Kings armes; and on 
Ateir fronts idiafiions of armes : upon the seven horses rode 
aeven HJiildreD of honer al in black, with their hoods on 
thdr heads ; and in their hands either of them holding a 
baennende of the Kings dominions, and the antient armes of 
Bi^land, led by sev^a perscxis in mourning appareL 

On ^ther o^e oi the said chariot rode six assistants to 
he same, hooded, their horses trapped in black  to the 
jrmmdf bearing nothing in their liands; viz. Sir Thomas 
Seonage, Sir Thomas Paston, Sir Thomas S  , {Sw- 


mour perhaps,] Sir John Gates, Sir Thomas Darcy, Sr 
Maurice Barkley. 

Next to the chariot came the chief mourner alcme, bk 
horse trapped al in black ydvet. After him followed the 
other twelve mourners, two and two, the horses trapped til 
the ground. Next the mourners, the Kings Chamberlain 
with his staff, and his hood on his shoulder, as adiiefdf- 
ficer, and no mourner. Next to them Sir Anthony Brown, 
1 2 master of the Kings horse, bare-headed, his horse trapped k 
the ground. And he led the Kings spare horse trapped al 
in cloth of gold down to the ground. 

Then followed nine henchmen in black, and hooded: 
their horses trapped to the ground, garnished with esoot 
cheons of armes of England before the conquest, tod Ad 
frons on their horses heads, holding in th^ hands banne 
rols of the same arms that their horses were trapped with 
that is to say, the armes of 
Brute, Athelstane, Edward Exile, 

Belin, Arthur, S. Edward, 

Kadwellader, Edmond, England atone without Franoi 

The henchmens names were John Sourton, [Stourte 
perhaps,] Edward Ychingham, Thomas Le Strange, Georg 
Dennys, Richard Brown, Roger Armour, Thomas Brown 
Richard Cotton, and Patrick Bamaby. 

Then followed Sir Francis Brian, master of the heaoA 
men, alone. After him Sir Anthony Wyngfield, captain oi 
the guard, and al the guard in black, three and three (fl 
foot, bearing each one a halbard on his shoulder, wid 
the point downward. After them al noblemens servants ao 
cording to their degrees of their masters next aft^ thf 

Thus they marched forward in goodly order from th 
Court to Charing-cross, and so forth, to the great adiBi 
ration of them that beheld it, which was an innumerabl 

So in time they came to Brainford; and shortly after t 
Syon : where a little before, the gentlemen, enquires, an 


knights, aldermen of London, and divers other noblemen, 
did stay themselves on horseback, and furnished the way 
n ather side in maner of a lane ; til such time as the corps 
nth the company afore and after the same were entred into 
the place of Syon : which was about two of the clock the 
Bune day afternoon : and so the chariot was rested afor the 
wrt door of the church of Syon. Immediately the herse 
was light, and tressels set for the corps to be set on. Then 
ns the image of representation taken from the sfud ditur, 
md carried, under the canopy to the vestrey. 

Forthwith in like maner the corps was brought by the 
MAmps in poniificaliims, (the nobles and ambassadors on 
oilier side standing,) unto the place appointed under the 
■id herse. Then was the corps covered with a pal of black 
tdm with a white cross, and the helm and crest at Uie 
head, the targe enclining therto. On the right hand 
vWof was set the sword, and the rich coat embroidered at 
4e feet On eveiy side of the herse along the quire stood 
il the banner and standards that were bom after the corps, 
■■aforesaid ; and the four banners of saints holden at the 
int comers, with many torches brenning on either side the 
quire, and the body of the church : tai& so rested a while, 
^ the lords had shifted themselves, and were ready to come 
to further service. 

After they had past an hour, the gentlemen and officers 13 
tf annea and others ^ving their attendance, the mourners 
were honorably brought to the church, every man in a long 
jown, in order according to hb degree, with their hoods on 
Ihor shoulders, save only the mourners, and officers at 
■nnes, which had them on their heads. So were the moum- 
en phiced in the herse as they were accustomed. 

After the bedes bidden bj Norroy king at armes at the 
quire door, the Bishop of London began the ^rige, asmsted 
nth others in pont^aiAbua, and al the rest of the Kings 
diaplains following the same: and at every lesson the 
KBjers were bade by the king of aimes, as aibre b men- 
Ilie dirige and caisings ended towarda tl 


other things therto appertainmg^ the moumen went in 
like order to the chamber of presence : from whence thej 
departed every man to his lodging ; where they had dieir 
abundantly, in al degrees : and great plenty of meat ni 
drink distributed to al that came: and al men had supped 
by day-light, and then took them to rest. That nig^t (he 
Lord Great Master charged the watch about the axrpi^ 
which was don with great reverence and devotion. 

About three of the clock the next morning, every vm 
prepared himself to await upon the mourners to the divins 
service. When they came to church, they took th&r jdapes 
in the herse ; and every man in his degree : where imme- 
diately were many masses both sung and said at many al- 
tars. Which don, and al the funeral ceremcxiies aforeaud} 
the said corps was bestowed in the chariot with like reve- 
rence as is before exprest. And the representation with 
the bannerols and other necessaries in the same maner aet 
upon the chariot, without any thing diminished, added, or 
changed ; and so remained without the churdi a while. 

And after the lords had brokai their fasts, every noas 
mounted on horseback, and placed themselves in the sane 
order as they were the day before : and about seven of tk 
clock they marched forth from town to town : where th^ 
were received in procession with the priests and darks of 
every parish on each side of th^ way, censing the ocvps, as 
the day before: and al the bells rung in every churdi 
against their coming. And so they proceded til they came 
to Eton. 

Where along the churchyard wal were the Bishop of 
CarlUe [the provost] in pontijicalibusj and al the feUof* 
and masters of the said church in their best ornaments and 
copes : and by them al the young children scholars of the 
collie in their white surplices, bare-headed, holding in the 
one hand tapers, and in the other books, saying the aevea 
psalms : and as the corps came by, kneeled and censed it, 
bidding their de prqfundis^ and other prayers. And so the 
corps passed til it came to the town of Windsor. 

Where at the bridg foot, the maior, and the most lub- 


ttantial men stood on the one »de, and on the other, the 

priests and clarks : and by them the corps passed through 

to the castle-gate at one of the clock at afternoon the same 

dtjr: where the Bishop of Winchester, with the said college 

of Windsor, received it, as the Bishop of Carlile and Eton 14 

«JI^. Which don, the said royal corps was brought to 

flie west door of the said church. Then every man lighted 

fiwn horse, and went in the order of their former proced- 

*^ into the body of the same church ; where they stood 

on either side, attending the bringing up of the said coips 

mto the herse. 

In the mean time the said noble herse of thirteen princi- 
pdswas lighted. And then the representation and corps 
were honorably removed from the chair, with the canopy 
bom by six lords aforesaid: and with al due solemnity 
■nd honour was placed and set within the said herse upon a 
▼yce purposely made for the same. Under which vyce the 
[dace of the sepulture was before prepared. The corps be- 
ing covered with a great pall of black velvet, white crossed 
inth satin, and upon that another rich pall of cloth of dssue. 
The representation was laid upon the same, as afore is 
diewed. After certain prayers made, every man departed 
in due order to ocmduct the mourners to th^ lodgings in 
die castle. That don, they shifted themselves from their 
tiding apparel, and came again in thdr gowns, and hoods 
on their dioulders, attending on the chief mourner, til the 
pfdates and the quire were ready. 

Thai went they in order from the castle to the west door 
of the diurch in this maner. First, gentlemen, esquires, 
kmg^ts, bannerets, barons, viscounts, earls, ambassadors. 
Then, the Archlnshc^ of Canterbury. Then the mourners 
irith their hoods on their heads, two and two, the chief 
OKNimer behind alone; with Garter after him in the Kings 
Doat; and his train aflter faim, bom by the Vice-chamber- 
bin: after him the goaid, noUemens servants^ and others, 
in order went into the diiirdi : where the moumers took 
iheir accustomed jdaoes under the bene. 
At the U^ altar the Bishop of Wbcfaesler, cfatef prelat 



of the order, and chief executor of divine service, w& al 
the rest of the bishops, stood in pon^kaKbua on ather ode 
of the altar. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, with the other the Kngp 
executors, placed themselves upon forms on other ade the 
quire beneath the prelat. 

The four saints banners were set at the four corners of 
the herse, in order as aforesud. And at the feet of tl» 
herse, a little behind the altar, stood the L. Talbot with the 
embroidered banner ; and before him the standard of the 
Lion : and on the right hand the Dragon, and on the kft 
hand the Greyhound : and al other banners and bannerols 
placed accordingly; holden by persons appointed, duiii^ 
the time of al the divine sendee, with th^ hoods. 

On the right hand of the high altar was another ahar 
covered with black : whereupon was set al the hatdunentfl, 
as helm, crest with mantle, sword, targe, and the Kingi 
broidered coat of arms. 

And in the Queens closet above stood the Que^, A the 
noblemen, ambassadors, with other notable strangers, to «e 
the divine service, and the royal order of the foneralls. 

Then began the prayers by Norroy king at armes at the 
quire door, with a loud voice, Ofyowr charity pray Jbr At 
souly &c. Immediately the chief prelate began the dirigei 
1 5 And at every lesson the said Norroy began the bedes afiofe^ 
said. When diriffe^ with al other service and solemnity, ivis 
don, every man departed to supper, in order, to the said 
castle, as they came from the church : and there they had 
very liberal and sumptuous fare. Supper don, every nun 
departed to his lodging for that night. Then was the watdi 
appointed about the corps as aforesaid. 

On the next day, being Wednesday, the 16 day of Fe- 
bruary, at four of the clock in the morning, when landi 
were made by the priests that watched, every man attended 
upon the mourners from the castle to the church, wher thi^ 
had their accustomed order, and the bedes bidden. 

Then the Bishop of Ely began the mass of the Trinity. 
His deacon and subdeacon were two bishops mitred. Which 


mass solemnelj sung in prick song descant, and organ play- 
ing, to the oflertory. Then the chief mourner, assisted with 
the other mourners, and conducted with officers of armes, 
Bg aforesaid, offered a piece of gold for the mass, and so de- 
ported to their places again. 

After that mass was ended, began another, which the 
Bishop of London did celebrate, and two other bishops in 
poM^icalUms for deacon and subdeacon : simg in the same 
maner, with like ceremonies, at the offertory ; and so to thef 
end. By that time it was day, fast upon six of the clock, 
die mourners went in order to the Dean^s place, where 
breakfut was prepared for them. 

In the mean time al the knights of the Garter there pre- 
sent came in their mantles of their order, to their oblations, 
as they are bound to do by the religion. That don, they 
went into the vestrey, and put off their mantles, and went 
to the mourners to hast them to church. 

Forthwith the mourners returned to their places. And al 
persons hasted together, and gave their attendance, with al 
the nobility and council in the quire : the Emperors ambas- 
sadors, and others of foreign nations stood aloft, and be- 
held the execution of this noble interrment. And after the 
prayer bidden, the mass of requiem began by the Bishop of 
Winchester, chief prelate, in pontificaMbuSy and the Bishops 
of Londcm and Ely, deacon and subdeacon : which pro- 
ceded unto the offertory. Then the Lord Marques, being 
chief mourner, assisted with the other twelve mourners, of- 
JBfed a jnece of gold of ten shillings for the mas-peny ; and 
then returned again to the head of the corps, within the 
heme on the right hand. Then the Earls of Arundel and 
Oxfcnrd, the two next chief mourners, received of Gurter 
the Kings broidered coat of armes, and, conducted by him 
to the ccffering, with much humility and reverence offered 
the same to the Bishop : who delivered the same to Garter 
i^^o ; and he bare it, and laid it reverently upon the al- 
tar. The Earls of Derby and Shrewsbury, the next moum- 
Bi% received of Clarentieux the Kings target of armes in 
the Ckurter, which was offered ut supra. Likewise the Eiii 



of Sussex and Rutland, the next mourners^ receired of Nor- 
roy the Kings sword, and offered it up in the same sort. 
The Elarls of Shrewsbury and Darby again received of Car- 
lile, the herald, the hehn and crest, and used them as afore- 
said. And with that the man of armes, which was Chydiod 
16 Powlet, esq. came to the quire door upon his horse in oora- 
plele harness, al save the head-pdece, and a poleaxe in Ul 
hand, with the point downward. And there he alighted, 
and was received by the Lord Morley, and the Lend Dscra 
of the north : and was conducted by o£Scers of armes to 
the offering : and there he offered the poleaxe to the fi- 
shop with the head downward. And the Bishop turmngit 
upward delivered it to an officer of armes, who bare it to 
the altar end. And then the man of armes was had onto 
the vestry, and there unarmed. 

Then Richard Powlet, esq. with the gentlemen ushen^ 
brought in the palls ; which Garter received, and delivered 
to the chief mourner and others, standing in order sa they 
were sorted in couples under the herse ; the .chief mourner 
last. To whom Garter deUvered four rich palls of doth of 
gold of bawdkin^ and to every earl three, and every baroa 
two. So came the fourth from either ade the herse without 
the barriers to the corps feet ; where Garter stood on ooe 
side, and Clarentieux on the other, &c. rec^ved the said 
palls in order, as they offered, and laid them at the foot of 
the said representation. The chief mourner offered last. 

Then came in four gentlemen ushers to the head of tlie 
corps conducting the Emperors ambassadors, and the am- 
bassadors of France, with the ambassadors of Scotland tai 
Venice : and they offered. Then the chief mourner, widi 
the other twelve mourners, without any estate, went up and 
offered for themselves. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, and al the rest of the 
Kings executors there present, offered, according to their 
estates and degrees. Then the treasurer, comptroler, and 
other head officers of the Kings house. And after them, al 
other noblemen and gentlemen came up and offered, ai 
many as would. 


Then was the pulpit set directly before tbe high altar, 
and the Bishop of Winchester b^an the sermon; whose 
theme was, Beati mortui qui m Domino moriuntur. Where 
he declared the frailty of man, and community of death to 
the high and to the low : and showing the pittiful and do- 
loorous loss that al maner men had sustained by the death of 
BO gracious a King. Yet he recomforted them again by the 
leBurrection in the life to come : and exhorted them al to 
i^oioe, and give thanks to Almighty God ; having sent us 
8p toward and vertuous a Prince to reign over us, as our 
cnl J natural finend, lord, and King, at this time present 
Desiring al men to continue in obedience and duty, with 
many other godly exhortations very notably set forth, and 
with great learning. 

And after the sermon don, the mass proceded to the 
end : and at Verbum carojbctum est, the Lord Windsor of- 
fered the standard of the Lion ; the Lord Talbot offered the 
banner embroidered ; and next to that were the four ban- 
ners of saints, by the bearers thereof, to the bishops. 

Then came the Dean of Windsor and chaplains, and re- 
eeived the palls from the feet of the representation, and con- 
veyed them forthwith to the vestry. 

Then came six knights and received the representation ; 
which was delivered to them by the gentlemen ushers ; and 
flowith reverence brought into the vestry. Then was thel7 
rich pall removed, and conveyed in like manner. 

Then the three bishops that did execute came down to 
the herse : after whom followed the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and stood a little behind the bishops with his crosses. 
Then the quire with one voice did sing Circumdedenmt me, 
with the rest of the canticle funeral ; and the bishops cens- 
ing the corps, with other ceremonies therunto appertan- 

Then was the vault uncovered under the said corps; 
md the corps let down therin by the vice, with help of six- 
teen tal yeomen of the guard, appointed to the same. 

Then proceded the Bishop of Wintcm in the aervioeaf- 
the burial, standing at the head of the said vaiilt^andi 



the same il the officers of houaehold : that is to say, the 
Lord St John, lord great master ; the Earl of Aiundd, 
lord chamberlain; Sir Thomas Chejrne, treasurer; Sr 
John Gage, comptroller ; William Knevet, sergeant porter; 
and the four gendemen ushers ordinary, standing about the 
corps, with their staves and rods. Then, when the mold was 
brought, and cast in the grave by the prelate executing, at 
the word Pulverem pulveri et cmerem cinerij first the Lotd 
Great Master, and after the Lord Chamberlain^ and al 
others aforesaid in order, with heavy and dolorous lamen- 
tation, brake their staves in shivers upon their heads, aiii 
cast them after the corps within the pit And then die gen- 
tlemen ushers in like maner brake thmr rods, and threw 
them into the vault with exceeding sorrow and heavines, not 
without grievous sighs and tears, not only of them, but of 
many others, as wel of the meaner sort as of the nobiHtjy 
very piteous and sorrowful to behold. 

Then, after this finished, and De prq/imdis said, and the 
grave covered again with the planks. Garter stood in the 
midst of the quire, accompanied with al them of his office^ 
in their coats of armes, and with a lowd voice proclaimed 
the Kings Majesty stil now living in this form: "Al 
mighty God of his infinite goodnes give good life and 
long to the most high and mighty Prince, our sovereign 
Lord King Edward VI. by the grace of God King of 
England, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and 
" in earth, under God, of the Church of England and Lf©- 
'* land the supreme Head and Sovereign, of the most noble 
*^ order of the Garter." And with that he cryed, Vive fc 
noble Roy Edward. And the rest of the officers of armes 
cryed the same three several times after him. 

Then the trumpets sounded with great melody and cou- 
rage, to the comfort of al them that were there present 
And al these things were don afore six of the clock of the 
same day. And then every man departed to his place iqp- 
pointed into the castle. Where they went to their dinners. 
And after dinner the lords dissevered themselves, and tak- 
ing their horses hasted them al to London that night. And 


thitt were the fimeral duties of interment of this most 
m^ty and redoubted Prince fully accomplished and ended. 
On whose soul Jesu have mercy. Amen. J. S. 

B. 18 

Tke Lard Protector" a prayer Jbr God's assistimce m the 
hi^ qffke qf Protector and Governor, new committed to 

LORD God of hosts ! in whose only hand is life and E mss. 
4eath, victory and confusion, rule and subjection; recdvej^ joh. 
Aethy humble creature into thy mercy, and direct me in^P"®-. 
iiy requests, that I offend not thy high Majesty. O my 
Lord and my God, I am the work of thy hands: thy 
goodnes cannot reject me. I am the price of thy Sons 
death Jesu Christ ; for thy Sons sake thou wilt not lese me. 
I am a vessel for thy mercy ; thy justice will not condemn 
me. I [am recorded in] the book of life : I am written with 
the very bloud of Jesus ; thy inestimable love wil not can- 
odl then my name. For this cause. Lord God, I am bold to 
apeak to thy Majesty. Thou, Lord, by thy providence hast 
called m^ to rule ; make me therfore able to follow thy call- 
ing. Thou, Lord, by thine order hast committed an anointed 
King to my governance : direct me therfore with thy hand, 
that I erre not from thy good plesure. Finish in me, Lord, 
thy beginning, and begin in me that thou wilt finish. By 
thee do kings reign; and from thee al power is derived. 
Govern me. Lord, as I shal govern : rule me, as I shal rule. 
I am ready for thy governance ; make thy people ready for 
mine. I seek thy only honour in my vocation : amplify it, 
Lord, with thy might. If it be thy will I shal rule, make 
thy congregation subject to my rule. Give me power. Lord, 
to suppress whom thou wilt have obey. 

I am by appointment thy minister for thy King, a shep- 
herd for thy people, a sword-bearer for thy justice : prosper 
the King, save thy people, direct thy justice. I am ready. 
Lord, to do that thou commandest; command that thou 

X 4 


wilt. Remember, O God, thine old mercieB : remember thy 
benefits shewed heretofore. Remember, Lord, me thy mu 
vant, and make me worthy to ask. Teach me what to 9skj 
and then give me that I ask. None other I seek to. Lord, 
but thee; because none other can give it me. And that I 
seek is thine honour and glory. I ask victory, but to siisv 
thy power upon the wicked. I ask prosperity, but for to 
rule in peace thy congregation. I ask ¥dsdom, but by my 
counnl to set forth thy cause. And as I ask for my sel^ kv 
Lord, pour thy knowledg upon al them which shal ooinnil 
me. And forgive them, that in their offence I wxSex Bot 
the reward of their evil. If I have erred. Lord, forgive me: 
for so thou hast promised me. If I dial not err, direct me: 
for that only is thy property. Great things, O my God, 
hast thou begun in my hand; let me then. Lord, be thy 
minister to defend them. Thus I conclude, Lord^ by the 
name of thy Son Jesus Christ. Faithfully I commit ai my 
cause to thy high providence : and so rest to advance al 
humane strength under the standard of thy omnipotaicy. 

19 c. 

The Lord Protector a/nd the other Governors of the Ein^9 
person f to thejicstices of peace in the county ofNorfiXki 
when a new commission of the pence was sent them,. 

To our very good Lord, the Earl qfStissex, and to cur 
loving JHends, Sir Roger Toxvnsend and Sir William 
Pctston, Tcnights ; and to otherjustices of pea^e wiOMk 
the county of Norfolk. 

Cotton AFTER our right harty commendations : Where tht 

I ihrn.r 

Tit. b! 2. most noble King of famous memory, our late sovereign Lord 
and Master K. Henry VIII. (whom God pardon) upon the 
great trust which his Majesty had in your vertuous wis- 
doms and good dispositions to the commonwealth of this 
realm, did especially name and appoint you among otben, 
by his t;ommission under his great seal of England, to be 
coniservators and justices of his peace within this his county 


3>f Norfolk : forasmuch as the said commissions were dis- 
lolved by his decease, it hath pleased the Kings Majesty 
3ur sovereign Lord that now is, by the advice and consent 
of us, the Lord Protector, and others, executors of our said 
late sovereign Lord, whose names be underwritten, to 
whom, with others, the government of his most royal person 
Hod the (xrder of his idflfeyres is by his last wil and testa- 
ment committed, til he should be of the ful age of eighteen 
yean, to cause new commisfflons agejm to be made, for the 
(X)ii8ervation of his peace throughout this realm; wherof 
you shal by this bearer receive one for that county : and 
tor that the good and diligent execution of the charge com- 
Biitted to you and others by the same, shal be a notable 
aurety to the King our sovereign Lords person that now is, 
(to whom Grod give encrease of vertue, honor, and many 
yeivs,) as a most certain stay to the commonwealth, whidi 
must needs prosper where justice hath place, and reigneth ; 
we shal deare you, and in his Majesties name charge and 
command you, upon the recepte hereof, with al diligence to 
assemble your selves together ; and calling unto you al such 
others as be named in the said commission, you shal first 
cry and cal to God, to give you grace to execute the charge 
committed unto you with al truth and uprightnes according 
to your oaths, which you shal endeavour your selves to do 
in al things appertaining to your office accordingly, in such 
scHt as, al private malice, sloth, negligence, displesure, dis- 
dain, corruption, and sinister affections set apart, it may 
•i^iear that you have God, and the preservation of your 
sovereign Lord and natural country, before your eyes ; and 
that you forget not, that by the same your selves, your 
wives, and your children shal surely prosper, and be also 

For the better doing wherof you shal at this your first 20 
assemUy make a division of your selves into hundreds or 
wepentakes; that is to say, two at the least to have a spe- 
cial ey and r^ard to the good and order of that or those 
hundreds, to se the peace duly kept, to se vagsbonds and 
perturbers of the peace ponyshed ; and that evcrj 


ply himself to do as his calling doth require; and m al 
things to keep good order, without alteration, innovadoDyOr 
contempt of any thing, that by the laws of our sdd late flove^ 
reign Lord is prescribed and set forth unto us, for the better 
direction and framing of our selves towards God and honeit 
pdicy. And if any person or persons, whom you shal think 
you cannot rule and order without trouble to the countrj, 
shal presume to do the contrary, upon your informatioii to 
us therof, we shal so aid and assist you in the execution of 
justice and punishment of al such contemptuous ijlBsoden, 
as the same shall be example to others. 

And further, his Majesties plesure, by the advice and 
consent aforesaid, is, that you shal take such ordar amoog 
you, as you fail not once in every six weeks, til you shal lie 
otherwise commanded, to write unto us, the Lord Fiotoe* 
tor, and others of the Privy Coundl, in what state that shire 
standeth ; and whether any notable things have ha{qpened, 
or were like to happen in those parts, that you cannot re- 
dress, which would be speedily met withal and looked unto, 
or wherein you shal need any advice or counsiL To the 
intent we may put our hands to the stay and reformation ol 
it in the begiLng, as appertabeth: preying you d to 
take order, that every commissioner in that shire may haves 
double or copy of this lettre, both for his owne better in- 
struction, and to shew to the jentylmen and such others as 
inhabit in the hundreds especially appointed to them. That 
every man may the better conform himself to do trouthe, 
and help to the advauncement of justice, according to their 
most bounden duties, and as they wil answer for the oqd- 
trary. Thus fare you hartily wel. From the Tower of Loo- 
don the xii. February. 

Your loving friends, 

£. Hertford, 
T. Cantuarien. Tho. Wryothesly, Can^ W, Seint John, 

cell. Job. Russel, Cuth. Durysme, £dw. North. 

Anthon. Browne, Will. Paget, An- 
tony Denny, Will. Herbert. 


- D. 21 

Common places of state: drawn up hy WW,. TTuyrrms^ esq. 
dark of the Council. For King EdwarcTs use. 

 I. A necessary order which a prince in battayl must ob- 
serve and keep^ if he intend to subdue or pass through 
his enemies lands, 

FYRST, he must examin, whether hys cause be lawful £ BibUoth. 
ffld just : for in a just canse God dial assyst hym. l^^ 

liem^ He must provyde, that he have a sufScient luxn- Eiiens. 
ber of men, and money ready for them. 

Itemj He must counsail wyth the most wyse and expert 
inen of hys realm, al the weyght and daungers that may 
fid: so that, as far as reason may lead hym, he be not ig- 
Bonuint what frute shal follow of hys battail. 

liem^ He must provyde that hys host lack no vyttayles* 

Hem^ He must se that he lack no engine and other thyng 
reqoyred to defend hjonself, or invade his enemy. 

Item, That he have capytayns expert in warrs, the which 
shal execute hys commaundement. 

liem^ Let hjm be assuryd of his own cuntry or he invade 
hys en^ny r ftud yf case require, set that quyet, or eUs de- 
part not 

Ifem^ Let hjm leve behynd hym sum noble and trusted 
man, to order, and, yf nede be, to subdew hys enemyes in 
hys absence, and order them. 

liem^ That the most strongest fortresse be commytted to 
loi most trusty freyndes. 

Item^ That he oftentymes consult and counsail with hys 
wyse and expert counsail : that he may know what is most 
expedient to do, and let hym use theyr counsail. 

Item, When he entreth his enemies lands, he shal cal hys 
host before hym, that he may know the number, and yt he 
fynde any unable to battail, to put hym away. 

liemj That he have no superfluous carriage : for therof 
groweth great dyspleasure; specially when a prynce in- 
tendeth short victory. And then let hys vyttayles be hys 
moost canryage. Wherin must be taken a good order ; so 


that he have them wy th hym, or pass by such places wher 
it may be had ; or els he washeth a stone, that is to say, he 
laboureth in vayne. 

II. How only by customable usage qf dedes formes, <k 
Romayne had the victory of id oOier naUons. 

The old custome to chose knights at axteen yere cS. age 
was to be perfect in thejrr age, and to the custom of warr. 

Also a prynce must dyligently consyder which be most 
princypal and most expert ; and over that, what every nna 
in hys host is most apt unto. 
22 For it is very peryllous to set an unexpert man in aoe- 
thoryte. For djrvers men have dyvers wytts ; and as thej 
be, they must be used. Some be able to rewle an host; 
some an hundred fotemen ; other an hundred horsemen: 
some be good on horse, some be good on fote, other be 
good in felde, or battail, other to invade a castel, otfier to 
defend it, other sodeynly on horse to invade an host, other 
swyfte on horseback to espy news, other in ryding to com- 
pass a felde and to note theyr number, other apt to chose a 
mete or apt place for a felde, other be expert in [the theorj 
of] battaile, and naught when they be at it, whose counsail is 
not to be refused : other have no experience, howbeit they 
be valyaunt when they be put therto, other be both exp^ 
and victorious, other be able neyther to counsail, defend, 
nor invade, they be good at home. Quxb secta imUXli»: 
other be good in ingynes, other to make bridges and pas- 
sages, other to espy theyr enemies secrets in dyssimulated 
habyts, other to gyve counsel and dyscuss ambassades, 
other mete for execution of justice, other mete to kepe a 
princes treasure, and other thyngs of charge. 

Itern^ The foreward of the battail must be strong, as wel 
with horsemen as with footmen : and let there be put hys 
capitains of the valyauntest. 

Item^ He must consyder that hys felde be set to an ad- 
vauntage, and accordyng therto the host must be ordered. . 

Item^ That he provyde wher hys host shal oommody- 
ously rest, or he depart from whence he is ; and diligently 


let hym note the cuntry, whether it be plain, hilly, moun- 
taynes, or fill of waters, and what straytes be therin. 

Itenij Yf he may, let hym have it trewly painted or he 
enter; so that the daungiers may be known, and the horse- 
men may healpe the footmen in tjone of war. 

ttemj Let hjrm provyde that hys carriage trouble not hys 
host, yf they be invaded : wherfore let them be conveyed 
by the one syde, provyded that they be surely garded. 
. Item J There must be provysion that al artillery may be 
9urely carryed. For the loss of that is the peryl of the host 

Item^ That the explorators be sent to espy the joiumeys 
af the adversaryes, and what vyttails they have, with al other 
thyngs by them intended. 

liemj That he take deliberation, yf he may get the fiiend- 
flhip of any great man of hys enemyes counsail, by corrup- 
tion of m<Hiey or otherwyse, by whom he may know the 
purpose of hys said enemies. 

Itemy That every day there be sent light horsemen to 
the adversaries host to percejrve theyr purpose, lest they be 
aodejrnly invaded : and also to the intent he may invade 
them unprovyded, yf the case so requyred. Requiruniwr 
mdA secreH etjiddes. 

liem^ Yf he can perceyve that hys adversary intend hasty 
hattayl, let him take hjonself in a wayte, that he may pro- 
vyde hym in takyng of hys felde to his advauntage, and 
pat hjrmself shortly in order. 

liemj Yf he knows any daungerous way betwene him 23 
mad hys enemyes, he shal by wysdom and dilygence pro- 
oede toward that, until he come within three or four bow- 
rfiotes, and ther put hymself in order to invade hys host. 

lUfHj He must espy what artillery hys enemies use, and 
what order they take. 

liem^ Every country hath hys maner of fyghting to 
thejrr advauntage, and theyr enemies confuaon. 

Itemj He must beware of every hard and dowteful pas- 
sage, except he have leasure to convaye hys host, or except 
neoeasite compel hym. 


Item^ It is better to abyde the comyng to a battayl, then 
to invade : for the fyrst commers commonly lack order. 

Item^ Yf the enemyes ride out of order, and wander, in- 
vade them ; for lack of order shal destroy them. 

Item^ Yf thyne enemies draw to hostry of no strength, 
and disperse themselfe, then they be easylyer taken. 

Item^ When the host draweth neer to the enemies, let 
the wards come nygh together for their better surcottes. 

Itemy That footmen be on the one syde not myxt with 
horsemen, quod generaretur c&nfimo. 

Itemy In every ward must be some with hand gunns, 
crosbowes, and other manual ingins; and likewise in the 
latter ward, to put asyde the light horsemen. 

Itemy Yf he may, let hym provyde that the sun and 
wynd be for hym, specially for dust, yf there be any. 

Iteniy Yf he be horsed, and stronger than hys enemy, kt 
h3rm provoke hym to open battayle in the playne felde ; and 
yf his footmen be myghtier than hys enemies horsemen, kt 
hym take the advauntage of a streyght place. 

Iteniy When he invadeth hys enemy, let hys caryage be 
put in the one syde, and surely garded. 

Itern^ He shal put hys ingyns of battayl betwene lum 
and his enemyes, and wel defend them. 

Iterriy Yf he be compelled to follow hys enemy, and for 
default of vittayl to invade therin ; or yf he dread lest hys 
host fortify his company, so that he cannot escape, except 
he overcome his host, let hym study to break hys felde, that 
is to say, let hym vex them with gonnes, and other poyntsof 
warr ; so that they may dysorder themselves. 

Item, A prynce must note the tyme, and use as it serr* 
eth hym. 

Iterriy When he is actually entred battayl, hys host dud 
stand styl in a cluster, and in no wyse remove from the 
place, whatsoever he se ; though he se his company paitif 
flee, and partly slayne ; and also though he se hya enemyai 
flee. For order maketh and marreth al. 

Item^ When thou hast invaded th]me enemies with the 


EcK and hynder ward, let the myddle stand styfF and dose 
"x) help both, as nede dial requyre. And when both wards 
bare wel fought, let the myddle ward fyght ; but for al that, 
let them not dysorder themselfe, except compulsyon. 

licfn. He must have provysion for passages of waters. 24 

lienif Before the battayle, a prjmce must se the order of 
his host, and reform al thyngs mysordered : and thys may 
Dot be forgotten. 

Item^ He shal shew them, that he wyl lyve and dy with 
them that day : and that, besydes theyr perpetual honour, 
he wyl never forget to honour and reward them. And for 
this, let him se couragyous prynces orations, as Alexander, 
Catalyne, with other infinite, &c. 

Item, He shal neyther magnify his enemy, nor despise 
bym, but ^icourage hys capy tains to kepe theyr order; 
and if that they so do, the vyctory wyl follow. 

Item, He shal practyse, that both hys enemy and hys 
host may alway thynk that more strength is commyng to 

Item, That he se no robbyng, and that he commaund 
hys captayns to se that observed upon payne of death. 

Itemy That he execute indifferently justice, and punish 
them that cause debates. 

liem^ When hys enemies do treat of peace, then let hym- 
sdf lefte awayt. Propter peHcula in hoc casu experta, 

Itemy Let no man pass his cuntry, and invade another, 
inthout nede requyre; except he se how he may return 
inth honour, or how he may surely abyde there. It is but 
symplenes to go up and down in a cuntry, and to ryde fsur 
in it And hard it is to be long siu-e in a cuntry stiraunge, 
•nd to return with honour. For in the time of Talbot, 
zl knyi^ts of England layd sege to the town of Roane ; 
and when they lacked that was necessary for theyr defence, 
th«ifbre th^ lost it. And lyke thynges were done at Bri- 
tain, At Vans, wh@re they lost al. 

liem^ Yf any tydings come, forthwith let thmbe heard, 
a^d follow them, as the tyme shal flcrve. ^^^AS^iLO^ l^ ^jii\ 


ttemf A pry nee must be ke^nng hjs promyse, ells no nM 
shall trust hjon. 

Item, He must study to haye the favour of the best il 
the country, and he must be just and egall. 

Item, A prince must study to have the fiiendshypofthe 
cuntries adjoyning : and let hym not have battayl with & 
vers at once, except he be compelled. For there is modbe 
suttelty used. 

Item, In the day of the battayl he must have about hja 
a certen of the wysest and most expert men, to kqpe, foUov, 
and counsail them. 

Item, He must provyde that hys enemyes espy not die 
number of hys host, and the order of the same. 

Item, Yf it fortune hjrm to lese a battayl or two, orto 
lese hys artillery, then policy [it] is to resort to some £** 
tres, and there to cal hys host together, and to refresh thea 
as nedeth, and to get new-men, and to take peace yf he cttL 
And in the mean tyme to make hys fortres strong, tyl lie 
be able by some means to make battail, and to have il 
thyngs redy therfore. 

Item, He shal set hys tents nygh to hys enemyes hoflt, 
that he may trouble and break the3rr array. 

Item, He must beware that he be not beseged. 
25 Item, He must beware, that, after one battail lost, be be- 
gyn not another forthwith, except necessite compel hym. 
For after a dystrage, the host cannot sodenly be apt to 
fyght. For wounds and moumyngs shal let them; and 
theyr enemies after vyctory be more imbolded ; howbqft 
oftentymes men thynk upon dyspleasure to be revenged; 
and so for lack of polycy take fury rebuke. And in thjs 
maner Charles Duke of Burgon was destroyed. Wherfefe 
set reason before wyll, and begyn to thynk nothing hard to 

Item, Yf thou wynn a battayl, or a fortress of thyne ene- 
mies, pursew h3rm graciously, and suffer hym nejrther to 
rest, nor to restable hys strength. Wysdom it is to follow 
the advauntage. 

OF OftlGINALS. 821 

^: Itemj Yf thou get a cuntry, committ It to some great man ; 
iabd lykewyse of fortresses. And let hym be wel entreated, 
jOid lack no money. For such men would be cherished. 

. , IIL TTie maner of betegyng ajbrtress. 


Fjrrst, A prynce must remembre, whether he have suffi-^ 
t men to besege it in three dyvers parties ; and whether 
wer that, he have men sufficyent for hys own defnice, and 
ff»ey both. 

Iteniy He must provyde artillay and vittaylls necessary^ 
ttid let hym wel beware that hys vittayl come not to hys 
Swnyes hands ; and this principal to be noted. 
\- Iteniy He must espy some man that knoweth the strength 
ii the fortress, and the}^* counsayl must he use. 
^ Item J He must espy how it be most easily taken, and 
rliere hys host may best set theyr felde for theyr assurety. 
iJtem, That done, set them in the foreward that were be- 
bce sent to espy the strength of the fortress, wel fumyshed 
nth archers and dyggers, and al other thyngs. 

Item, Let th^m come as nygh to the walls as they can ; 
ind so order them, that they may reject theyr enemyes 

Item, Above al thyngs, provyde that nothing may pass 
Hit or enter into the fortress. For yf one gate be open, it 
lial be never overcome. 

rUm, Let one ward be ever ready to help the other, as 
le^ ^al requyre. 

' Item, The fyrst day of besegyng, the felde must be for- 

'Item, Men must be sent to every place to espy whether 
Uijjy rescue be intended, &c. And yf it so be, let hym con- 
ijder theyr power; and if he see paryl, remove hys host 
lOd his artillery, lest he be invaded in both sydes, and 
i^yde to some sure fortress for the tyme* 

Item, Yf he se hys enemies of smal power, he may set 
iome to fyght with them, and other to kepe the sege. 

Item^^ When the walls be broken, fortify hys men, and 
nake an assawte; provyded that he leve behynd them bottv 



26 horsemen and fotemen, to withstand hys back eaemyes. 
For that not doyng, the Earl of Arminae lost Bysander, 1 
castel of Lumbardy. 

Item^ Yf he be put aback in the fyrst conflict, lethym in- 
vade as sone as the day foUowyng. For upon a vyctory 
oftentymes the oppidan is benegligent, trust]rng not so- 
deynly to be invaded. By thys provysion many pkcesand 
/(Stresses hath ben optained. 

Item^ Many other thyngs be requyred: howb«t a pryncc 
must specially beware of treason and simulation. 

IV. Hem aprynce beseged shal order hymse^. 

Above al thyng a prynce must study, as wel in tymeof 
peace as in warr, to know hys neyghbours mynds; and often- 
tymes to send orators to them, as wel to nourydie love, as 
to know theyr good wyll. 

Item^ Yf he se by a prynces ordinaunce, that he intend- 
eth warr, let hyrm stre3mgthe hys fortress toward that contry. 

Iterrij Let hym make some friend in that prynces house, 
by whom he may know what is intended. 

Item^ Yf he be assured that the prynoe intendeth hym 
war, let hym prepare an host of as myghty men as hys mo- 
ney wil suffer hym to doo. And yf he thynk hym sufiy- 
cient to overcom hym, let hym follow hys fortune, and tany 
hys enemy in the entry to hys contry ; or, yt he may, in 
hys enemyes contry. 

Item^ Yf he thynk hymself unsufiicyent in men and 
money, let hym fortyfy hys hedde places next to hys ene- ^ 
myes, and garde them with money. 

Item^ Yf there be moo fortresses then he may fumysb, 
let them be take down ; and al maner vittayl be caryed from 
thens, and the cuntry left bare. 

Item^ Let hym have good capy tayns in hys fortresses ; the 
which may do hys enemyes dayly displeasure, and dyqpefse 
hys host, as it was done at Metz and other places. 

Item^ Horsemen must be provyded, as it shal be thoiq^ 1 
necessary, to take the messengers, and then make pfovisioii 1 
with order. 


Itew$y Yf such obstacles be purveyed for enemies, they 
dial little prevayle. 

y. How ajbrtress shal be kept : and how they that be be* 

seged shal order theyrselfe. 

Fjrrst, dygge up the erth to the heyght of the walls, for 
gons and other ingyns. 

Itenij The bulwarks must be fortyfied ; and he must be- 
ware, that the inner buyldyings joyn not to the wals. For 
nygh to the wal inwardly must be made a trench to a good 
heyght : so that yf the wal fayl, the wal of erth may help. 

Itemy He must have good capy ta3ms to order and visit hys 
watdi of the wals, and men expert 

Itemf Crosbows, bumbards, dykers, physicians, surgeons, 27 
podicaryes, with al other thyngs necessary. 

Item^ He must have one capitayn to order hys watches, 
as Dede shal requyre, 

Item^ Every night the walls must be sene, and an order 
set and kept for theyr sure custody. 

Itemy There must be watch kept nygh to the walls, to 
lielp theyr keepers, as nede shal requyre ; and also to with- 
stand inward treason. 

liem^ Yf there be any noyse, let every man go to theyr 
own place : for oftentymes such noyse is made to make men 
zoune together, whyle their enemies invade. 

Item^ Let it be taken heed theyrwhyles, that theyr waters 
be not poysoned. 

liem^ When he shal invade, let hym wel counsayl, and 
hys commodities foresene, 

Iteftij Yf the wals be broken, let them be amended forth- 
with, for fear of invasion : as it was at Rhodes, whyles the 
lord was at mass. 

liem^ Let it ever be commoned, that more pe<^le shal 
come, to help to put them in better comfort. 

Itemj A prince must beware that there be no murmur in. 
the host, and if there be, that they be openly punyshed. 

Item^ Yf the capitain understand that any battail is iost^ 
or fortress tfiken, unknown unto hys host, kt ^MC Jietl 
\ y« 


and let bym ever shew bys host thyngs of comfort 

Item, In the principal parts must be set pryndpal men. 

Itenij He must have guydes that know the cuntry. 

Itenij Yf any message come, let hym ponder, and depely 
discusse it, and be not over lyght of credence. 

Item, Yf it be a cuntry of hylls, waters, or of strayts, he 
must have the moo footmen. 

Iteniy When it is proceded in battayl, some wyse men 
strong and sure must be left bebynd, lest they invade in the 
inner part of the battayl. 

Item, Let not new locks of gates oft be made, for fear cl 
counterfey ting : and it must be provyded of sure kepers* 

Item, In the nyght there must be sure watdi about the 
yates, for daungers that may fall : as it was don at Arra& 

Item, There must be made barrars, nygh unto the for- 
tress, for the defence of footmen, and the savety of horse- 
men, and dy vers other oonsyderations. 

Item, The wals shal be strengthened with thcnmes for 

Item, Prysoners must be wel entreated : and yf thou 
take hym that is not trew unto hys prynce, punysh him 
forth withall. 

Item, Yf any enemies treat of delyverance of thdr for- 
tresses, hear it wel, but be not light of credence ; for there 
be many sotteltyes ymagined. And at Betynam many were 
by that mean destroyed. 

Item, The watch must be kept all nyght, and the watch- 
men not depart until every th3mg be sure. 
28 Item, When the yates must be opened, there must be so 
many present as may withstand the secret assault of theyr 
enemyes. For by thys mean Leystoure was taken: foe 
when two or three had (^ened the yates, theyr enemyes 
secretly hydd, invaded them and slew them ; and there was 
treason within. 

Item, There must be many porters, for few may be soon 
slajme by treason, &c. 

Item, If any in the nyght season cal to come in, the whidi 


hy name and voycfe be known, that notwithstanding, lye se- 
cret espyes, that it be known what number there be of them^ 
and when thou openest the utter gates, se the inner gate 
shytte. For Frenchmen by thys mean toke Moelam : for 
four traitors fayning that they had brought Inglish men 
from the battayl of S. Denys, they opened the gates, and 
were deceyved. 

Item, Many men wyl consyder, and counsail dyverse and 
great thyngs to be attempted : be not swyft to follow theyr 

Item, Some be ignoraunt, and dread no paryll. 

Item, Some wyl persuade and counsayl great thyngs to» 
be done, that they may be taken and thought couragyous ; 
the which in effect be of no courage. Hi in beUo eoctremi. 

Item, iLet hym beware, that none of hys host have too 
great famylyarite with hys enemies, for fear of treason. 

Item, When he wyl battayll, let it be secretly done, that 
the guyders know it not, and let the gates be fast shytte 
before he cause [hys} men to put them in armes. Also, let 
men be set to kepe dilygently the passages out of the city, 
that none may go unto theyr enemyes to shew the prepara- 
tions that are made against them. Also, when he shal come 
unto the felde with hys enemyes to fyght, let hym take a 
way contrary unto that way which myght be thought he 
Would take ; and after he hath gon two or three myles in 
that way, let hym return unto the way which was first 
thought that he wold have taken. But let hym take good 
hede, that neyther the guydes nor other of hys company 
know whither he wyl go, unto the tyme that they be in 
the feylde* 

Item, Yf any of the carriages or guydes of the waynes 
come into the town, let it be sene that at their comyng in 
one of the yates be shytte. 

Item, Yf it fortune any of the sowldyers to be hurte or 
Unrounded in battayl, or ells out of the battayl, let the 
[ninces or theyr ministers se the medycyne be minystred 
onto them in dew order. Let them be viinted, and gently^ 



intreated mth good and soft words* And I^ than wf 
ther lack physician nor surgeon. For these sayd thyngsdo 
encourage and nourysh the hartes of warryers, and make 
them strong, and wyllyng to fyght. 

Itenij It behoveth a prynce to make good search, and to 
know which of hys company be most diligent, valyaunt, 
and taught in feats of war ; and of them to make nsost, and 
to nourysh them with great liberalyte, aocordyng to theyr 
meryts. For the liberalyte of a prynce cawseth hys con- 
pany to be diligent, and also multiplyeth and encreaseth 
the same. 
29 Item, It apperteyneth to a prince, to forbidd that none 
of hys company entend conflyct, or to go out of hys hoit; 
without lycence of theyr capytayns. 

Item, Many other thyngs might be rehersed, whereby 
enemyes might be constreyned and repressed : but take thys 
for a general conclusyon, that the effect xxf battayl consyst- 
eth and standeth in three thyngs, that is to say, in abun- 
dance of money, in good order put and kept, and in f<^ 
lowing the counsail and advertysement of wyse and exp^ 

VI. To pacify the seditiofi of sowldt/ours. 

When A. Manlius consul had perceyved that hys sow- 
diours grudged against the men of Campania, where they 
were now lodged, conspiryng togyther to dee theyr hostes, 
and after to take away theyr goods ; he spred abroad thys 
rumour, that they shulde ly there styl al the wynter : and 
thus they of theyr purpose let and dysturbed, he delyvered 
Campania from great peryll, and as tyme and occasyion senr- 
ed, punyshed them that were causers of that sedition. 

What tymes the legyons of the Romayns were fiuy* 
ously sent and bent on peryllous sedytion, Lucius Sylla 
retored them from theyr rage unto a quyettiess by thys po- 
lycy ; he eommaunded that word shuld be brought hastily 
to the host, that theyr enemyes were at hand, and that 
they should raise up a cry, and cal them to harness, aod 



up Ibe trumpets : wherby he brak off tbe sedy fiGm^ 
altqgether unitiag^ as nede requyred, agayost tbeir 

'bat tyme Pompeius host had slayne the senatours of 
in, for fear of trouble and busynes that xnyght have 
ened, yf he shuld have called the offenders alone to 
dnation, he sent .for them al togyther, as wel for the 
les as the gyltie ; so that they semed to be sent for for 
other purpose, and therfore appeared they that were 
ie with less fear, byeause they came not alone; and 
whose conscyence pleded them not gyltie gave good 
daunce to kepe them that were faultie, lest peradven- 
theyr escape and flyght myght have toqmed them to 

E. 30 

names qf the Knights of tlie Bath made by King 
Iward the Sixths February 20, Shrove Sunday y being 
*■ day of his coronation. 

Duke of Suffolk. 

Earl of Hertford. 

Lord M atravers. 

Lord Strange. 

Lord Lysle. 

Lord Cromwel. 

Lord Scrope^s son and 


'raacis Russel. 

^nthony Browne. 

ohn Gates. 

Uexander Umpton, of 


alentine Knightley. 

eo. Vernon, of the Peak. 

homas ftousselyn. 

dmund Mollineux. 

a Sir William Balthrope. 


Sir Thomas Nevyl, of Hold. n«». i. 7. 

b Sir Holcroft 

Sir Henry Tyrrel. 

Sir Wjnoaond Carew. 

The Earl of Oxford. 

The Earl of Ormonde. 

The Lord Talbot 

The Lord Herbert. 

The Lord Charles Brandon. 

The Lord Hastings. 

The Lord Windsors son and 

Sir Richard Devereux. 
Sir Henry Semour. 
Sir Anthony Cook, of Essex. 
Sir George Norton. 

* Perhaps 

^ Thomas 
that was 
Knt. Mar* 

Y 4 



Sir Robert Lytton. 
Sir John Port, of Darby shire. 
Sir Christopher Barker, Gar- 
Sir James Hales. 

Sir Thomas BryckaaL 
Sir Amgel Mariam. 
Sir John Cutts, of Essex. 
Sir William Scarington. 
Sir William Snathe. 

These knights, being fourty in nwnber, being nominated 
of the Bath, and made with so great royalty, were com* 
manded to pay the duties of mony double to the same pay- 
able by other knights. 

TTie Knights of the Carpet dubbed by the King on Skrm 
Tuesday J in the morning ; viz. some of them the same da/i 
and the rest at other times during the utas of the ahao6' 
said noble solemnization, bmtg jifty-five in alt. 

Sir John Radcliff. 
Sir Thomas Gray. 
Sir John Windham. 
Sir John Yaughan. 
Sir Anthony Heviningham. 
Sir John Wentworth. 
Sir John Godsalve. 
Sir Thomas Guilford. 
Sir John Savage. 
Sir Walter Savage^ 
Sir Humphrey StaiFord. 
Sir George Pierpoint 
Sir Thomas Fitz-Herbert 
Sir Thomas Hanmar. 
3 1 Sir George Brocket. 
Sir John Horsey. 
Sir John Salisbury. 
Sir WiUiam Hollers. 
Sir William Rainsford. 
Sir William Pickering. 
Sir Hary Doyle. 
Sir  Drury. 

Sir George Harper. 

Sir John Norton. 
Sir Thomas Nevyl. 
Sir William Stanley. 
Sir John Butler^ at Gloce^ 

Sir John Shelton, of Suff. 
Sir Anthony Anger. 
Sir John Mason. 
Sir Richard Cotton. 
Sir Thomas Newman. 
Sir Philip Calthorp. 
Sir Maurice Denis. 
Sir Rowland Martin. 
Sir Thomas Dyer. 
Sir ' Bameston. 

Sir Roger Guilford. 
Sir Edward Rogers. 
Sir Roger Blewit. 
Sir John Horsey. 
Sir Francis Inglesfield. 
Sir John Spring. 
Sir John Grevil. 
Su- Thomas Bell. 


5ir Rice Grjrffith, Sir Urien Brereton. 

Sir Tkomas Gravener. Sir John Butler. 

Sir Thomas Hollers. Sir Thomas Kemp. 

Sir Thomas Wroth* Sir Robert Langley, 

Sir John Gary. Sir John k Ryce. 

A BdUad sung to King Edward in Cheapside, as he passed 
through London to his coronation. 

SING, up heart, sing, up heart, and sing no more downe, Ubi supra. 
But joy in King Edward that weareth the crowne. 

Sir, song in time past hath been downe a downe, 
And long it hath lasted in tower and towne. 
To have it much meeter, downe hath been added ; 
But up is more sweeter to make our hearts gladded. 
Smg, up heart, &c« 

Kng Edward up springeth from puerilitie. 
And toward us bingeth joy and tranquillitie; 
Our hearts may be light and merry chere, 
fie shal be of such might, that al the world may him fear. 
Smg, up heart, &c. 

Bis father late ouk sovereign both day and also houre, 
I^t in joy he might reign like a prince of high power, 
By sea and land hath provided for him eke, 
•That never king of England had ever the leke. 
Sing, up heart, &c. 

He hath gotten already Boleign, that goodly town, 32 

And biddeth sing speedily up, up, and not downe. 
IVhen he waxeth wight, and to manhood doth spring, 
Ele shal be strait then of four realms the King. 
Sing, up heart, &c. 


Yee children of England, for the honour of the nrae, 
Take bow and shaft in band, learn shoolage to frunew 
That you another day may so do your parts. 
To serve your King as wel with hands as with hearts. 
Sing, up heart, &c. 

Yee children that be towards, sing up and not downe, 
And never play the cowards to him that weareth the crowne: 
But alway do your care. his pksure to fulfil. 
Then shal you keep right sure the honour of England stH. 
Sing, up heart, &c. 


Queen Katharine Parr's letter in LaHn^ to the Lady Mary; 
concerning her translaiion ofErasmiLs's Paraphrase upw 
tJie Gospel of St John. 

Vespasiaa, CUM multa sint, nobilissima ac amantissima Domina, que 
K 3> cott. jjjg facile invitant hoc tempore ad scribeudum, nihil tamen 
perinde me movet atque cura valetudinis tuae, quam, ut 
spero, esse optimam, ita de eadem certiorem fieri, magno* 
pere cupio. Quare mitto hunc nuntium quern judico fore 
tibi gratissimum, turn propter artem illam musicse, qua te 
simul ac me oppido oblectari non ignoro ; turn quod a me 
profectus tibi certissime referre possit de onmi statu acvale- 
tudine mea. Atque sane in animo fuit ante hunc diem iter 
ad te fecisse, teque cormn salutasse; verum voluntati mee 
non omnia responderunt. Nunc spero hac hyeme, idque 
propediem, propius nos esse congressuras. Quo sane loiiii 
nihil erit jucundum ma^s, aut magis volupe. 

Cum autem, ut accepi, summajam manusimpositasatper 
Maletum operi Erasmico in Johannem (quod ad trala- 
tionem spectat) neque qiiicquam nunc restet, nisi ut justa 
quaedam vigilantia ac cura adhibeatur in eodem corrigendo^ 
te obsecro, ut opus hoc pulchernmum atque utilissimum, 
jam emendatum per Maletum aut aliquem tuorum, aA m 
transmitti cures ; quo suo tempore prelo dari possit : atque 


porro significes, an sub tuo nomine in lucem fdidssime exke 
i^elis, an potius incerto auctore. Cui operas mea sane qfH- 
nione injuriam facere videberis, si tui nominis autpritate 
stiam posteris connnendatum iri recusaveiis : in quo accura- 
dssime transferendo tantos labores summo Reip. bono sub- 
^pisti ; pluresque (ut satis notum est) susceptura, si vale- 
tudo C(»rp(»i8 pennisisset. Cum ergo in hac re abs te labo- 
riose admodum sudatum fuisse nemo non intelligat, cur 33 
quam omnes tibi merito deferant laudem rgicias, non video, 
Attamen ego banc rem omnem ita relinquo prudenUse tua?, 
ut quamcunque yelis rationem inire, earn ego maxime ap- 
px)bandam censuero. 

Pro crumena quam ad me dono misisti ingentes tibi gra- 
tias ago. Deum Opt. Max. precor, ut vera ac intaminata 
&Iidtate perpetuo te beare dignetur. In quo etiam diutis- 
taime valeas. Ex Hanworthia 20. Septembris. 

Tui studiosissima ac amantissima 

Eatherina Regina £P. 



(imn Katherine Par to King Henry ; gone in his expedi^ 

Hon against Fraaice. 

ALTHOWGH the dyscourse of tyme and accompte of mss. penes 
days nether ys long nor many of your Majesties absens, yet 
tbe want of your presens, so much beloved and desired of 
9ie, maketh me, that I cannot quyetly pleasur in any thyng, 
imtil I hear £tx>m your Majestye. The tyme therfor semeth 
to. me very long wythe a great desire to know how your 
Byeghness hath done, syns your departyng hens. Whos 
piosperite and helthe I prefer and desyre more than myne 
own. And whereas I know your Majesties absens ys never 
vythout gret respects of thyngs moost convenyent and 
lecessary, yet love and affection compelleth me to des}a'e 
our presens. And againe, the same zele and love forceth 
le also to be best content wyth that whyche ys your wyl 
nd pleasure. And thus love maketh me in al thynges to 



set apart myne own commodite and pleasure, and to em- 
brase moost joyfully hys wyl and pleasure whom I love. 
God, the knower of secrets, can juge these words not to be 
only wry tten wyth ynke, but moost truly impressed in the 
hart. Muche more I omytt, lest I schuld seme to go about 
to prayse my self, or crave a thank. Whych thyng to do I 
mynde nothyng lesse, but a playn symple relacyon of my 
zele and love towards your Majestie, procedyng from the 
abundance of the herte. Wheryn I must nedes confessej 
deserve ho worthy commendatyon, havyug such just* oca- 
fflon to do the same. 

I make lyke accompte wythe your Majesties as I db 
wythe God for hys benefyts and gyftes heped upon m 
dayly : knowlegyng my self always a gret detter unto hjf^ 
in that I do omytt my dutye towarde hym, not being able to 
recompence the leste of hys benefyts. Ill whyche state I 
am certayne and sure to dy. But yet I hope in his gia^ 
ous acceptation of my good wyll. And even such cmify* 
dence I have in your Majesties gentylnes. Knowyngmf 
34 self never to have done my duty, as wer requy&dte and mete 
to such a noble and worthy Prince ; at whose hands I hare 
founde and recey ved so muche love and goodnes, that wyth 
words I cannot express yt. Lest I should be to tedyoitt 
unto your M ajestye, I fynysche thys my scrybeled letter, 
commyttyng you into the governance of the Lord wyth loi^ 
life and prosperous felicite here, and after thys lyf to en/of 
the kyngdom of hys elect. From Grenwycbe. 

By your Majesties humble, obedyent, 
lovyng wife and servant, 

Keteryn the Queue £P. 




m, pretended to he writ against the preachers ; en^ 
tided, A Pore Help. 

The bucklar and defence of mother holy Kjrrke, 
And weapon to dryre hence al that against her wyike. 

le in al this land, 
h and take in hand 
llows to withstand, 
er like the sand ; 
h the gospel naellesy 
do nothynge elles, 
ing tales telles, 
our holy prelacie, 
r Chnrches dignitie, 
t is but papistrie, 
led and hypocrisie, 
18 and heresie : 
ith their ^thoritie 
le holy l^v^angdie : 
mes ca:emonial 
} ecclesiastical^ 
inded on Scriptnrey 
*x to endure. 
1 ye may be sore 
tie tiiey allure^ 
w them from yoor lore» 
;h wil grieve yoo sore, 
le I say therefore, 
!e was never more. 

ye besoslacke 
th me alad^e, 
behind your backe» 
^wilcarpe aodcncke. 
sof yoQ that dare 
( of them compare, 
diere be that are 

) priest nor dea c on , 
wil fire his becoa, 
mdi fellows frailey 
t with toCfae and Bsyie, 
fee «p maiBefldle, 

And manfully to fyght 
In holy prelates right. 
With pen and ynke and paper. 
And like no trifling japer, 
To touch these fellows daper ? 


And I indede am he, 
That wayteth for to le. 
Who dare so hardy be. 
To encounter here with me. 
I stand here in defence 
Of sum that be far hence. 
And can both blysse and cense. 
And also undertake 
Right holy th3mgs to make. 
Yea, God within a cake; 
And whoso ihvA forsake. 
His bread shal be dowe bake. 
I openly profess 
The holy blissed mess 
Of strength to be no less. 
Then it was at the first 
But I would see who durst 
Set that among the worst, 
For be sboold be aocorst. 
With boke, and bel, and candel 
And so I wonld liim baodd. 
That be sbooU right wel kiMnr 
How to escape I trow. 
So hardy on bis bead 
Deprave oar hgAj thread : 
Or the to ynUor^^atUr 
Against oar boly water* 
This is a playne matter. 
It oedrfh not to flatter* 

R.D. Job. 
£p. Elien. 



holy tibiiigcfy 



And yet these lend lofeUet 
That bragg upon their gospelles. 
At ceremonies swelles. 
And at our christned bdles. 
And at your long gownes, 
And at your shaken crownes. 
And at your tippetts fyne. 
The javells wil repyne. 
They say, ye lead eiril liTes 
With other mennys wyves. 
And wil none of your owne. 
And so your sede is sowne 
In other mennys gronnde. 
True wedlock to oonfonnde. 
Thus do they rayle and rave, 
Calling ev^ery priest knave. 
That loveth messe to say, 
And after idel al day. 
They would not have you play, 
To drive the time away : 
But brabble on the Byble, 
Which is but unpos^ble 
To be lemed in al your lifSe : 
36 Yet therein they be rife. 
Which maketh al this strife. 
And also the paraphrases. 
Much differing from your porteises. 
They would have dayly used. 
And porteise clean refused. 
But they shall be accused. 
That have so far abused 
Their tongues against such holiness 
And holy Churches busines. 


Many hundred yeres ago, 
Great clearcks affirmeth so. 
And other many mo. 
That searched to and fro 
In Scripture for to fynd, 
What they might leave behind, 
For to be kept in mind. 
Among the people blinde. 
As wavering as the winde ; 
And wrote therof such bokes. 
That whoso on them lokes, 
Shal find them to be clarkes. 
As proveth by their warkes. 

And yet there be that baikci 
And say they be but darke. 
But hark, ye loulars, harke, 
So wel we shal yon maike, 
That, if the woiid shal tuni, 
A sort of you dud bum. 
Ye durst as wel, I saye. 
Within this two yeres day, 
As sone to run away. 
As such parts to play. 
When sum did rale andieyae, 
And aundent things midntsyi, 
Which now be oounted vayne, 
And brought into disdayne. 
Such men I say they were, 
As loved not this geaiw. 
And kept you stU in feare. 
To burn or faggots beare. 
Then durst ye not be bold 
(Against our leminges old. 
Or images of gold. 
Which now be bought and sold; 
And were the laymans boke 
Whereon they ought to loke) 
One word to speake amisse; 
No, no, yee foles, I wysse, 
A thing to playne it is. 

Then did these claries devyne, 
Dayly themselves encline 
To prove and to defyne, 
That Christs body above. 
Which suffered for our k>ve. 
And dyed for our behove, 
Is in the sacrament. 
Flesh, bloude, and bone, present. 
And bread and wine away. 
As sone as they shal say 
The words of consecration 
In time of celebracion. 
So must it be indede. 
Though it be not in the Crede. 
And yet these fellows new 
Wil say^ it is not true, 
Christs body for to view 
With any bodyly eye, 
That do they playne deny. 
And stiffly stand thereby : 


v]«ia« ta write, 

>d> great iiid tnul 

Umn fatbenal, 

ay it cal, 

' man BboaU teacb, 

-people prtMh 

Dgi witboat tbeir roach. 

e there be that uy, 

i*t cannot al day 

irithia a box, 

let ht tbe Hocki, 

BD Uke a fox, 

iner undBr locks, 

led with powdred anniii, 

leth in an home, 
Qof amowH, 
Id or be be spent, 
n 6re be brent, 
lu more be ilayne, 
ed up agayne. 
icrament 1 for thy pauton, 
■e our exclamadoa 
beae nwn of new faaliion, 
'e ^ayntt tbe holy nacion, 
}f titem in playes, 
< and lugfa waya, 
 good acta dlsprayie ! 
yn would tbem make 
it were at a itake, 
pipe merri nnnot, 
of wilaot cannot. 
r cannot and wilnot, 
ley »peke not uf h,lt ^il not 

Jar 'dark of late, 

ed'With them checkmate, 
■rage to abate, 
them »aeh a tale, 

their bonnets ndl, 
elfa clean Uw aale 
r whole pastime, 
done in riume. 
:'S man b tbys, 

codU, 1 wyM, 
iod-tbat Is amyaa. 

That If he might ml apede, 
And beare some rule agayne. 
It abould be to thrir payne. 
I think Aey were but worthy, 
Because they be ao itardy 
To rayl agaynat tbe wiA« 
W our mother holy Kyrke. 
Yet some Hiere be Id Aime, 
And piQirdly do preanme. 
Unto thia Inved nan 
To answer and they eao , 
And wene tliey had tbe grace 
His balad to deUee. 
. 8. 
And troweyou thatwilbe? 
Nay, nay, belere ye me, 
1 take my mark amyas. 

If Dace be did not myts 

A Tcry narrow byaa. 

Wei, if you come agen. 

May happen twelve men 

Shal do aa they ffid then. 

Have you fot^t the bar. 

That ever tber yoji ware, 

And etode to make and mar 

By God and by the contrey. 

You had a narrow eutrey. 

Take heile ol corirm noAu, 

We vil reckon with txiit. 

If yon come agen. 

We wil know who pulled the hen. 

For al your bold courage, 

You may pay for the pottage. 

And are you nowao bragg 

You may come to tagg. 

Your bap may be to wagg 

Upon a wooden nagg. 

Or els a fair fyre 

May happ to be yoor byre. *■ 

Take bede lest yon tyre. 

And ly downe in tlie myre. 

Hold &<t by tbe main ; 

By the maaae it ia no game. 

If my lord wkx not lame, A 

You wil al be tnme. 

When jnm hatre htm next, 

Marie wdUi ten. 




He hfttii bene cnndy vext, 
I fere me he be west 
A Popistant stoat 
Sorely al the rout. 
That heareth him shal doubt. 
He wil be in and oat. 
Prowling ronnd about. 
To get forth the snout. 
If prayer may do good. 
All the whole brood, 
Skurry, skabbed, and skald. 
Shaven, shorn, and bald. 
Pore priests of fiaal. 
We pray for him al. 
Unto the God of bread. 
For if he be dead. 
We may go to bedd. 
Blindfold, and be ledd 
Without ragg or shred. 

But I am sore adred 
I se him loke so red. 
Yet I durst ley my head, 
As Doctor Fryer said, 
He hath somewhat in store. 
Wei, you shal know more, 
Harken wel therfore, 
Some shal pay the skore. 
He hath bene a pardoner, 
And also a gardener. 
He hath bene a vitayler, 
33 A lordly hospitelor, 
A Doble teacher. 
And 8080 a preacher, 
llio Germyn his man 
Were hanged, what than ? 
Say worse and you can. 
Best let him alone. 
For Peter, James, and John, 
And Apostles every one, 
(I give you playne warning,) 
Had never no such learnynge, 
As hath this famous clarke. 
He is lerned beyond the mark. 

And also Ma3rster Huggarde 
Doth shew himself no sluggard. 

Nor yet no dniiiken dmiduurd; 

But sharpeth up fala wyt, , 

And frametfa it so fyt. 

These yonkers fior to hyt. 

And wil not them permit 

In error styl to sit. 

As it may wel appeare 

By his darkly answere : 

The which intktled is, 

Agaynst what meaueth this. 

A man of old sort. 

And writeth not in ^port. 

And answereth emestly. 

Concluding heresy. 

And yet as I trowe,^ 

Some bluster and blowe 

And crake (as the crowe.) 

But uetts wil we lay. 

To catch them, if we may. 

For if I begin 

I wil bring them in. 

And fetch in my cosyns 

By tiie whole dosens. 

And call them coram nobis. 

And teach them Dmninus vobis. 

With Et cum qnritu tuo. 

That holy be both duo. 

When they be said and songe 

In holy Latine tongue. 

And solemne bdls be roung. 

But these babes be too yonge ; 

Perking upon their pattins. 

And fain would have the mattins^ 

And evening song also. 

In English to be do. 

With manage and baptidng. 

Burials and other thing. 

In volgar tongue to say and ang» 

And so they do it newly. 

In divers places truly ; 

Saying, they do but duely ; 

Maynteining it in any wyse. 

So should they do theyr service. 

Alass ! who would not mone. 
Or rather grount or grone. 
To se such service gone. 
Which saved many one 



My sin and thame, 
ly a spot of blame, 
irgatory payae, 
ly shower of rayne. 
; I say agayn, 
aest men remayne, 
e their customes stil, 
*more wil. 
e indede my read is, 
you to your beadis, 
ind women, I say, 
ith so to pray, 
h good priestes may 
t so alway, 
me other like, 
'eth in the dyke. 
i ye do not faynt, 
' to some good saynt, 
may make r^straynt 

Of al these strannge fashions 
And great abominacions. 
Because I may not tary, 
I pray to swete Sir Harry, 
A man that wil not vary, 
And one that is no skulker. 
But kna. knyght of the sepulchre. 
That he may stand fast. 
And be not overcast. 
Or els to be the last 
Of al them that do yelde 
In city, town, oroide. 
For if he stick therein. 
No doubt he shal not blin 
Tyl he come to eternltie, 
With al his whole fratemitie. 
Amen therefore, say ye, 
That his partakers be. 
Ye get no more of me. 


K. 39 

KaiharinPar to the University of Cambridge : which 
addressed to her to intercede with the King for them, 
I an act J whereby the Parliament had given him all 
geSf chantries, and free chapels. 

(JR letters I have receyred, presented on al your mss. penes 
» by Mr. Doctour Smythe, your discrete and lemyd 
te. And as they be Latynely wry tten, (whych ys so 
ed unto me by those that be lemyd in the Latyne 
,) so I know you could have utteryd your desyres and 
ns famyliarly in our vulgar tonge, aptyst for my in- 
ice. Albeyt you seme to have conceyved, rather 
Uy then truly, a favorable estimation both of my 
forward and ^edycation to lernyng. Whych t'^ad- 
or at the lest ccmserve, you by your letters move me 
ly : schewjnpige how agreable yt is to me, beyng in 
worldly state, not onely for myne owne part to b^ 
us, but also a mayntener and cheryscher ^ 
state, by beryng me in hand, that I am. 



perfeited with those qualj/tes and respects^'wUch ought id 
be in a person of my vocation. Truely thys your cfiscrete 
and polytike document I as thankfully accept, as you desyre 
that I schuld imbrace yt. And for as muche as I do wel 
understand al kynde of lemyng doth floryssche amongest 
you in thys age, as yt dyd amongest the Grekes at Atheu 
long ago, I requyre and desyre you al, not so to hoDger fir 
the exquysite knowlege of prophane lernyng, that yt may W 
thowght the Grekes university was but transposyd, or not 
in England ageyne revyved, forgettyng our Chrystianity; 
synce theyr excellencye only did atteyne to moral and na- 
tural thyngs: but rather I gentylly exhort you to study 
and apply those doctrynes, as means and apt d^rees to the 
atteynyng and settjmg forth the better Chrystes revereod 
and most sacred doctryne. That yt may not be layd 
ageynste you in evydence at the tribunal seat of Gk)d, hof 
ye ware asschamed of Christes doctryne. For thys Latyne 
lesson I am taught to say of Saynt Poule, Non me pudd 
evangelii. The syncere settyng forthe wherof I trurt 
universally in al your vocations and mynysteries, you wdl 
apply and confourme your sondry gyftes, arts, and studies^ 
to such end and sort, that Cambrige may be accompted 
rather an universitie of divine phylosophy, then of natural 
or moral, as Athens was. 

Upon the confydence of whych your accomplyschment to 
my expectation, zele, and request, I, accordyng to your de- 
syres, attempted my Lord the Kings Majesty for the stayrf 
your possessions. In whych, notwythstanding hys Jfo- ^ 
jesties propertie and intrest throwgh the consent of tte 
high court of Parlement, hys Hyeghness, being such a pa- 
40 tron to good lernyng, he woU rather advance and erect ne# 
occasion therfor, than confound those your colleges : *> t 
that lernyng may hereafter ascribe her very oryginal, bofe j, 
conservation, and sure stay, to our soverejTie Lord, hy* 
only defence, and worthy ornament : the prosperous estate 
and pryncely government of whom long to preserve, I doulj^ j 
not but every of you woll with dayly invocacyon cal upo* 
Hym, who alone and only can dyspose al to every creatuie' 


iueen Katharme to the Lady Wriotheshf ; comforting her 
Jor the loss of her only son. 

GOOD my Lady Wresely; Understandjmg yt hathMSS.p 
pkasyd God of late to dysinheryte your sonne of thys 
mvld, of intent he echuld become partener and chosen heyre 
of the everlastyng inheiytance ; (which callyng and happy 
vocatyon ye may rgoyce ;) yet wlien I consyder you are a 
mother by fiesacbe and nature, doubtyng how you can gere 
^■ce quyetly to the same ; in as much as Chrystes mother, 
mdued with al godly vertues, dyd utter a sorrowful natural 
pnsyon of her sons dethe, whereby we have all obtayned 
ereriastyngly to lyve : therfore amongest other dyscrete and 
godly consolatyons gyven unto you, as wel by my lord your 
busband, as other your wyae irendes, I have thowght with 
Bjne own hand to recommend unto you my symple consel 
ttd advyce: desyring you not so to utter your natural 
•ftctyon by inordynate sorow, that God have cause to take 
Jou as a murmurer agenyst hys appoyntments and ordy- 
Hances. For what is excessyfe sorow but a pleyne evydens 
^eynst you, that your 'inward raynd doth repyne ageynst 
Gods doyngs, and a declaratyon, that you are not contented 
*»Bt God hath put your son by nature, but hys by adop- 
^vn, in possessyon of the heavenly kingdom P Such as have 
•oubtyd of the everlastyng lif to come, doth sorow and be- 
^y!e the departure hens : but those whych be persuadyd, 
Kat to dy here ys lyf ageyne, do rather honger for death, 
Kid count yt a felicite, than to bewayle yt as an utter de- 

How much, Madam, are you to be counted godly wyse, 
hat wol and can prevent thorow your godly wysdome, 
bowleg, and humble submyssyon, that thyng that tyme 
Mold at length fynyssche. If you lament your sons death, 
Od do him great wrong, and schew your self to sorow for 
be happyest thynge ther ever came to hym, beyng in tl 
■nds of hb beat Father. Yf you are aoty ftw your c 
gmmeclite, you schew your self to lyve logout self. 


Qw for ' ^^m 
the ^^H 



41 as of hys towardnes you could but only hope, bys years war 
so yong ; whych could perfourm notbyng, y t semyth that he 
was now a mete and pleasant sacryfice for Cbryst 

Wherfor, good my Lady Wreseley, put away al immo- 
derate and unjust hevynes, requyryng you with thanks- 
gyving to frame your hart, that the Father in heven mi^ 
thynk you are moost glad and best contendyd to make byn 
a present of hys spyrytual and your only natural son: 
gloryfying h3rm more in that yt hath pleased hys Mqeitf 
to accept and able hym to hys kyngdom, then that yt tjiA 
pleased hym to comforth you wyth such a gyft; who eia 
at hys pleasur recompence your loss with such a lyke judl, 
yf gladly and quyetly ye submyt, and refer al to hys feasor. 

A proclamation concerning the irreverent talkers cf the 
sacrament. Dated the SUth day of December ^ anno r^ 
reg. Edward, primo. 

Penes Rev. WHERAS the Kyngs Highnes hath of late, with the 
Eiien. assent and consent oi the lords spu-itual and temporal, ana 
the commons in the Parlament held the day of 

in the first year of his most gracious reign, made a good and 
godly act and cstatute against those who do condempn, de- 
q^ise, or. with unsemely and ungodly words deprave and re- 
vile the holy sacrament of the body and bloud of our L(»d, 
commonly called the sacrament of the alta/r : and the said 
estatute hath most prudently declared, by al the words and 
terms which Scripture speaketh of it, what is undoubtedly 
to be accepted, beleved, taken, and spoken by and of the 
said sacrament : yet this notwithstandyng, his Majesty is 
advertised, that some of his subjects, not contented with 
such words and terms as Scripture doth declare therof, nor 
with that doctrine which the Holy Ghost by the evangelists 
and St. Paul hath taught us, do not cease to move conten- 
tious and superfluous questions of the said holy sacrament 
and supper of the Lord ; entryng rashly into the discuBBHig 


3f the high mystery therof, and go about in their sermons or 
talks, arrogantly to define the maner, nature, fashion, ways, 
possibility or impossibility of those matters ; which neither 
make to edification, nor God hath by his holy word opened. 

Which persons, not contented reverently and with obedi- 
ent fiEiith f accept that the said sacrament according to the 
Baying of St. Paul, the bread is the communion or partak- 
ing of the body of the Lord: the wi/JWy likewise, the partake 
mg qf the hUmd of Christy by the words instituted and 
taught of Christ; and that the body and bloud of Jesu42 
Christ is there ; which is our comfort, thanksgiving, love- 
token of Christs love towards us, and of ours, as his mem- 
bers, within our self; search and strive unreverently, whe- 
ther the body and bloud aforesaid is there really or figura- 
tively, locally or circumscriptly, and having quantity and 
greatnes, or but substantially and by substance only, or els 
but in a figure and maner of speaking ; whether his blessed 
body be there, head, leggs, armes, toes, and nails, or any-other 
ways, shape and maner, naked or clothed ; whether he is 
broken or chewed, or he is always whole; whether the 
bread there remaineth, as we se, or how it departeth ; whe^ 
ther the flesh be there alone, and the bloud, or part, or ech 
m other, or in throne both, in th'other but only bloud ; and 
what bloud ; that only which did flow out of the side, or 
that which remained : with other such irreverent, superflu- 
ous, and curious questions, which, how and what, and by 
what means, and in what forme, may bring into theim, 
which of human and corrupt curiosity hath desire to search 
oat such mysteries as lyeth hid in the infinite and bottom- 
less depth of the wisdom and glory of God; and to the 
which our humain imbecillity cannot attain : and therfore 
oftymes tumeth the same to their own and others destruc- 
tkMSy by contention and arrogant rashnes ; which simple and 
Christian affection reverently receiving, and obediently be- 
]eviQg, without further search, taketh and useth to most 
great cxHnfort and profit* 

For reformation wherof, and to the intent that further 
cmteiitiofiy tumult, and question might not rise amongoi 



Kings subjects, the Kings Highnes, by the advice of the 
Lord Protector, and other his Majesties councel, straitly 
willeth and commaundeth, that no maner person from hence- 
forth do in any wise contenUously and openly aigue, dis- 
pute, reason, preachy or teach ; affirming any more termes of 
the said bl. sacrament than be expressely taught in the holy 
Scripture, and mentioned in the foresaid act, nor deny none 
which be therin contained and mentioned ; unitil such tyme 
as the Kings Majesty, by the advice of his Highnes Council, 
and the clergy of this realm, shal define, declare, and set 
furthe an open doctrin therof ; and what termes and words 
may justly be spoken therby, other then be expressly in the 
Scripture conteined in the act before rehersed. 

In the mean while the K. H. pleasure is, by the advice 
aforesaid, that every his loving subjects shal devoutly and 
reverendly affirm and take that holy bread to be Christs 
body, and that cup to be the cup of his holy bloud, accord- 
ing to the purport and effect of t'holy Scripture, contaned 
in th^ act before expressed, and accommodate th^mself m^ 
ther to take the same sacrament worthily, than rashly to 
entre into the discussyng of the high mystery therof. 

Yet the K. H. mindeth not hereby to let or stop the igno- 
rant, and willing to learn, reverently or privatly to demauod 
of those whom he thynketh knoweth more, the further in- 
struction and teaching in the said bl. sacrament ; so that the 
same be not doen with contention, nor in open audi^ce, 
with a company gathered together about them, nor with 
tumult: nor doth prohibite any man hereby likewise so 
43 quietly, devoutly, and reverently to teach or instruct the 
weak and unlearned, according to the more talent and leam- 
yng geven to hym of God. But only, that si contention, 
strife, and tumult, and irreverentness might be avoyded, and 
in open audience and preachjmg nothing taught but which 
may have the holy Scripture for warrant. 

Upon pain that whosoever shal openly, with oontoition 
or tumult, and in a company gathered together, ^ther in 
churches, alehouses, markets, or elswhere, contrary to die 
fourm and effect of this proclamation, defend and maintein, 


or irreverently and contentiously demaund of any man, any 
of the questions before rehersed, either on the one part or 
of the other, or any such like, or do otherwise revile, con- 
tempne, or despise the said sacrament, by calling it an wfoZ, 
or other such vile name ; shal incurre the Kyngs high in- 
dignation, and suffre imprisonment; or to be otherwise 
grievously punished at his Majesties wil and pleasure. 

Gevyng further in aucthority to al justices of peace 
^thin the shires where they dwel, to apprehend and take 
al such as contentiously and tumultuously, with companies 
or routs assembled about them, do dispute, argue, or rea- 
son, or stifly mantein, or openly preach and define the 
questions before rehersed, or any of them, or such like, 
either on the one part or th^other ; and to commit the same 
to prison, untyl such tyme as the K. M. pleasure herein be 
known ; and that they immediately do certify the name or 
names of the party so offendyng, and of theim who were 
there at the same tyme present, makyng the rout or as- 
semble to the K. H. counsel : willying and commaundyng 
the said justices, with al diligence to execute the premisses, 
according to the purport, effect, and true meanjnig of the 
same, and their most bound duties, as they tender his High- 
nes wil and pleasure, and will answer to the contrary upon 
their peril. 

N. 44 

A proclamation Jbr the abstaining Jrom flesh m the Lent 
time. Dated the \&h day of January^ an. reg. primo. 

THE Kings Highnes, by the advice of his most entirely E Bibiioth. 
beloved uncle, Edward Duke of Somerset, governor of his£p/Eiien. 
person, and protector of al his realms, dominions, and sub- 
jects, and other of his Privy Council ; considering that his 
Highnes hath not only cure and charge of the defence of 
his realms and dominions as a king, but also as a Christian 
king, and supreme hed of the Church of England and Ire- 
land, a desire, wil, and charge to lead and instracl Mi 
peo|de, to him committed of God^ in such 

z 4 


customs, as might be acceptable to God, and to the further 
encrease of good living and vertue, and that his suligecU 
now having a more perfect and clear light of the goqpd 
and true word of the Lord, thorow the infinite dem^ncj 
and mercy of Almighty Grod, by the hands of his Majesty 
and his most noble father of famous memory, promulgate, 
shewed, declared, and opened unto them, should and ought, 
therby, in al good works and vertues increase, be more 
forward and diligent and plentiful : as in fasting, prayeff 
and almose deeds, in love, charity, obedience, and other 
such good works commaunded to us of Grod in his holy 

Yet his Highnes is advertised and informed, that cbvene 
of his subjects be not only to al these more slow and ne^ 
gent, but rather contempners and despisers of such good 
and godly acts and deeds ; to the which if they were of theb 
own minds bended and inclined, they needed not by out- 
ward and princely power be appointed and commaunded. 
But forsomuch as at this time now alate, more then at any 
other tyme, a great part of his subjects do break and coo- 
tempne that abstinence which of long tjrme hath been used 
in this his Majesties realm, upon the Fridays and Saturdays, 
and the tyme commonly called Lent, and other accustomed 
tymes ; his Highnes is constreined to se a convenient order 
herein set and appointed : not mindyng therby that his sub- 
jects should thynk any difference to be in the days or 
meats, or that the one should be to God more holy, more 
pure, or more clean then the other ; for al days and al 
meats be of one and equal purity, cleannes, and holines, 
that we should in theim and by them live to the gk>ry 
of God, and at al tymes and for al meats geve thanks 
unto hym, of the which none can defile us at any tyme, 
or make us unclene ; being Christian men, to whom al 
things be holy and pure, so that they be not used in dis- 
obedience and vice ; but his Majesty hath allowed and ap- 
proved the days and tymes before accustomed, to be conti- 
nued and stil observed here in this Church of England; 
both that men should on those days abstein and forbear 


their pleasures, and the meats wherin they have more de- 
list; to the mtent to subdue their bodies unto the soul 4 5 
and spirit ; imto the which to exhort and move men is the 
o£Sce of a good and godly hedd and ruler : 

And also for worldly and civil policy, certain days in the 
yere to spare flesh, and use fish, for the benefit of the com- 
monwealth, and profit of this his Majesties realm : whereof 
many be fishers, and men using that trade of living, unto 
the which this realm, on every part environed with the seas, 
and so plentiful of fresh waters, doth easily minister occa* 
SMHi ; to the great sustinaunce of this his Highnes people. 
So that hereby both the nourishment of the land might be 
encreased by saving flesh, and specially at the spring tyme, 
when liCnt doth commonly fal, and when the most com- 
mon and plenteous breedyng of flesh is ; and also, divers of 
his loving subjects have good lyvyngs, and get great riches 
iherby, in utteryng and selling such meats as the sea and 
fresh water doth minister unto us ; and this his Majesties 
realm hath more plenty of ships, boats, crayes, and other 
▼easds, by reason of those which by hope of lucre do fol- 
low that trade c^ livyng. 

Wherf<n^ his Majesty, having consideration, that where 
men of their own mynds do not geve themselfes so oft as 
they should do to fastyng, a common abstinence may and 
should be by the prince enjoyned and commaunded, and 
having an ey and mind to the profit and commodity of 
his realm and subjects, and to a common and civil policy, 
hath willed and commaunded, and by these presents doth 
wil and oommaund, by th^advice aforesaid, al maner of 
person and persons, of what estate, degree, or condition he 
or th^ be, (other then such as already be, or hereafter shal 
be excused by law, or licensed or authorized sufficiently to 
the contrary,) to observe and keep from hencefurth such 
fastyng days, and the time commonly called Lent, in ab- 
stdning from al maner of flesh, as heretofore in this realm 
hath been most commonly used and accustomed: upcm 
pdli that whosoever shal, upon any day heretofore wont to 
be fitffed tMA ftesh, and not by the K. H. or his predeoes^ 


customs, as might be acceptable to God, and to the further 
encrease of good living and vertue, and that his subjects 
now having a more perfect and clear light of the gospd 
and true word of the Lord, thorow the infinite dem^ncj 
and mercy of Almighty Grod, by the hands of his Majesty 
and his most noble father of famous memory, promulgate, 
shewed, declared, and opened unto them, should and ought, 
therby, in al good works and vertues increase, be more 
forward and diligent and plentiful: as in fasting, prayer, 
and almose deeds, in love, charity, obedience, and other 
such good works commaunded to us of Grod in his holy 

Yet his Highnes is advertised and informed, that divena 
of his subjects be not only to al these more slow and nq^ 
gent, but rather contempners and despisers of such good 
and godly acts and deeds ; to the which if they were of theit 
own minds bended and inclined, they needed not by oat- 
ward and princely power be appointed and commaunded 
But forsomuch as at this time now alate, more then at any 
other tyme, a great part of his subjects do break and coo* 
tempne that abstinence which of long tjrme hath been used 
in this his Majesties realm, upon the Fridays and Saturdays, 
and the tyme commonly called Lent, and other accustomed 
tymes ; his Highnes is constreined to se a convenient order 
herein set and appointed : not mindyng therby that his sub- 
jects should thynk any difference to be in the days or 
meats, or that the one should be to God more holy, more 
pure, or more clean then the other ; for al days and al 
meats be of one and equal purity, cleannes, and holines, 
that we should in theim and by them live to the glory 
of God, and at al tymes and for al meats geve thanks 
unto hym, of the which none can defile us at any tyme, 
or make us unclene; being Christian men, to whcHn al 
things be holy and pure, so that they be not used in dis- 
obedience and vice ; but his Majesty hath allowed and ap- 
proved the days and tymes before accustomed, to be amd- 
nued and stil observed here in this Church of England; 
both that men should on those days abstein and forbear 


thdr pleasures, and the meats wherin they have more de- 
fi^t; to the mtent to subdue their bodies unto the soul 4 5 
and spirit ; imto the which to exhort and move men is the 
oflSce of a good and godly hedd and ruler : 

And also for worldly and civil policy, certain days in the 
yere to spare flesh, and use fish, for the benefit of the com- 
iBonwealth, and profit of this his Majesties realm : whereof 
many be fishers, and men using that trade of living, imto 
the which this realm, on every part environed with the seas, 
and so plentiful of fresh waters, doth easily minister occa* 
skm ; to the great sustinaunce of this his Highnes people. 
So that hereby both the nourishment of the land might be 
encreafled by saving flesh, and specially at the spring tyme, 
when Jjent doth commonly fal, and when the most com- 
mon and pl^iteous breedyng of flesh is ; and also, divers of 
his loving subjects have good lyvyngs, and get great riches 
therby, in utter3mg and selling such meats as the sea and 
fresh water doth minister unto us ; and this his Majesties 
realm hath more plenty of ships, boats, crayes, and other 
▼efleds, by reasaa of those which by hope of lucre do fol- 
low that trade c^ livyng. 

Wherfore his Miyesty, having consideration, that where 
men of their own mynds do not geve themselfes so oft as 
they should do to feustyng, a common abstinence may and 
should be by the prince enjoyned and commaunded, and 
having an ey and mind to the profit and commodity of 
his realm and subjects, and to a common and civil poUcy, 
hath willed and commaunded, and by these presents doth 
wil and commaund, by th^advice aforesaid, al maner of 
person and persons, of what estate, degree, or condition he 
or they be, (other then such as already be, or hereafter shal 
be excused by law, or Hcensed or authorized sufficiently to 
the ccmtrary,) to observe and keep from hencefurth such 
fastyng days, and the time commonly called Lent, in ab- 
stoning from al maner of flesh, as heretofore in this realm 
hath been most commonly used and accustomed: upon 
p^ that whosoever shal, upon any day heretofore wont to 
be&sfed fyoiA ftesh, and not by the K. H. or his predeces- 


sors abrogate and taken away, eat flesh contrary to this 
proclamation, shal incurr the Kmgs high indignation, and 
(shal sufire imprisonment, and be otherwise grieyously {Hi- 
nished at his Majesties wil and pleasure. 

And further the Kings Highnes, by the advice aforesaid, 
straitly chargeth and commaundeth al maiors, bailiffs, and 
other hed-oi&cers, and rulers of cities and townes, and al 
. justices of peace in the sheres where they be in commisaoD, 
to be attendant and diligent to the execution of this f»ocla- 
mation ; in committing to prison the offenders contrary to 
the proclamation, upon sufficient proof therof by two suffi- 
cient witnesses, before them had and made: there to. re- 
main during the Kings pleasure, according to the true pur- 
port, effect, and meanyng of the same ; as they tender the 
K. M. wil and pleasure, and wil answer the contrary at thdr 

And where the late King of most famous m^nory, far 
ther to his Highnes, hath pren divers yeres licence to his 
subjects, in the tyme of Lent to eat butter, chese, and other 
meats, commonly called white metxts^ the K. H. by th^ad- 
vice aforesaid, considering the same to have been doen not 
40 without great considerations, doth geve likewise licence and 
aucthority to al his loving subjects from hencefurth freely 
for ever in the tyme of Lent, or other prohibited tymes by 
law or custom, to eat butter, eggs, chese, and other white 
meats, any law, statute, act, or custome to the contrary 


A proclamation a^gainst sitch as innovate any ceremony^ or 
preach without licence. Dated the Gth ofFehr. an. r^. 

Ubi supra. THE K. H. by the advice of his most entirely beloved 
uncle, the Duke of Somerset, governor of his most royal 
person, and protector of al his realms, dominions, and sub- 
jects, and others of his Council ; consideryng nothing so 
much to tend to the disquietyng of his realm, as diversity 


>f opinions, and variety of rites and ceremonies, concern- 
ing reli^on and worshiping Almighty God ; and therfore 
studjdng al the ways and means which can be, to direct this 
Church, and the cure committed to his Highnes, in one and 
most true doctrine, rite, and usage : 

Yet it is advertised, that certain private curats, preachers, 
and other laymen, contrary to their bounden duties of obe- 
lience, do rashly attempt, of their own and singular wytt 
ind mynd, in some parish churches, and otherwise, not only 
to persuade the people from the old and accustomed rites 
iDcL ceremonies, but also themself bringeth in new and 
straiuige orders, every one in their church, according to 
their phantasies; the which, as it is an evident token of 
[nride and arrogancy, so it tendeth both to confusion and 
diisorder, and also to the high displeasure of Almighty 
Grod ; who loveth nothing so much as order and obedience. 

Wherfore his M. straitly chargeth and commaundeth, * 
that no maner person, of what estate, order, or degree so- 
ever he be, of his private mynd, wil, or fantasy, do omyt, 
leave down, chaunge, alter, or innovate any order, rite, or 
ceremony, commonly used and frequented in the Church of 
England, and not commaunded to be left down at any 
tyme in the reign of our late soveraign Lord his Highnes 
fftther ; other then such as his H. by the advice aforesaid, 
by his Majesties visitors, injunctions, statuts, or proclama- 
tions, hath already, or hereafter shal commaund to be omit- 
ted, left, innovated, or chaunged: but that they be ob- 
served after that sort as before they were accustomed, or 
els now ath prescribed by the aucthority of his M. and by 
the means aforesaid : upon pein, that whosoever shal offend 
contrary to this proclamation, shall incurr his H. indigna- 
tion, and suffre imprisonment, and other grevous punish- 
ments at his M. wil and pleasure. 

And to th'^intent, that rash and seditious preachers should 4/ 
not abuse his H. people, it is his M . pleasure, that whoso- 
ever shal take upon hym to preach openly in any parish 
church, chapp^, or any other open place, other than those 
which be liceoiSed by the K. M. or his H. visitors, the 


Archbishop of Canterbury, or the Bp. of tli^ diocese 
where he doth preach, (except it be the bishop, parson, lu 
car, dean, or provost, in his or thdur own cure,) shal be 
forthwith, upon such attempt and preaching contrary to 
this proclamation, committed to pris(Hi, and there rexnm, 
imtil such tyme as his M. by th^ advice aforesaid, hath taken 
order for the further punishment of the same. 

And that the premisses shuld be more spedily and ^ 
gently done and performed, his H. geveth straitly in con* 
maundment to al justices of peace, maiors, sheriffs, ooiw 
stables, hed-borows, churdi- wardens, and al other his M. 
officers and ministers, and rulers of towns, parishes, and 
hamlets^ that they be diligent and attendant to the tinie 
and faithful execution of this proclamation, and every part 
therof, according to the intent, purport, and effect c^ the 
same ; and that they of their procedyngs herein (c^ if any 
offender be, after they have committed the same to prison) 
do certify his H. the Lord Protector, or his M. Council, 
with al spede therof accordingly, as they tender his M. 
pleasure, the wealth of the realm, and wil answer the cgd< 
trary at their uttermost perills. 

The King's commission Jbr redress of enclosures. 

EDWARD the Sixth, &c. tp our trusty and wel beloved 
Sir Frauhcis Russel, kt. Foulk Grevyl, kt. John Hales, 
John Marsbe, William Pynnocke, and Roger Amys, gret* 
yng. Where, as wel in the fourth year of the ragn of the 
most noble Prince and our graundfather, E. Henry VII. and 
in the seventh, the twenty-fifth, and twenty-seventh years of 
the most excellent Prynce of famous memory, and our most 
dearly beloved father K. Henry VIII. many good, wbol- 
some, and profitable laws were, by the universal consent of 
al the whole realm, made for restitution, preservaticm, and 
maintenance of the state and policy of the same: and 
naijaely, for the maintenance and keeping up c^ houses of 


hlid)andiy ; {or adybiding destructions, and polling' down 
of towns for inclosures, and converting of arable ground 
into pastures; {or limiting what number of sheep men 
.dbcmld have and keep in their possession at one time; 
against plurality and keeping together of faitns; and for 
maintenance of hospitality, housekeeping, and tillage, on 
the scy tes, and precincts, and demeasnes of such monasteries, 
pricNies, and reli^ous houses, as were dissolved by act of 
Parlament made in the said xxviith year of the reign of 48 
our said miDst dearly beloved father, as in the same statutes 
it doth and may more at large appear : which statutes have 
not wrought thWect that was hoped should follow : partly 
for that the same, for fear of displesure, and chiefly through 
the corruption and infection of private lucre grown univer- 
sally among our subjects, were not put in execution : by 
reason wherof the force and puissance of this our realm, 
which was wont to be greatly feared of al foreign powers, 
is very much decayed, our people wonderfully abated, and 
those that remain grievously oppressed; the price of al 
things excedingly encreased, and the common sort of our 
subjects brought to and kept in extreme misery and po- 
verty : to the great hindrance of the glory of God, our dis- 
honour, and the subversion, utter undoing, and decay of 
this our realm, if speedy remedy be not provided : 

We, coveting above al things the glory of God, by whose 
goodnes we be brought and maintained in this royal estate 
and dignity, and the wealth and saveguard of our realms 
and subjects committed to our charge ; having concaved a 
good opnion, that you be men that love and fear God, and 
desire the maintenance of our honor and savety, and ten. 
der the universal wealth of this our realm and subjects ; by 
th^ advice and consent of our most dearly beloved uncle Ed- 
ward Duke of Somerset, governor of our royal person, and 
pn^;ector of al our realms, dominions, and subjects, and the 
rest of our oounsellours ; have appointed and assigned you 
aix, five, four, three, or two of you, our commissioners : to 
enquire by the oaths of twelve good and leful men of our 
eounties of Oxford, Bark, Warwick, Leycestre, Bedford, 


Buck, and Northampton, and every of them, as wel within 
the liberties as without, and by al other ways and mem 
that you can devise, wherby the truth may the better ap- 
pear, of ai and singular transgressors, breakers, and offeDd- 
ers of the said statutes, or any of them, or any part or par- 
cel of them, and of al and angular articles and drcum- 
stances conteined in the instructions hereunto annexed. 

And therfore we straitly charge you and every of you, 
as ye wil answer to us, God, and the commonwealth of this 
our realm, that you diligently attend and apply the pre- 
misses, and execute the same earnestly and with effect 

We also streitly charge and command our sheriffs and 
justices of our peace of our said shires, excheators, and al 
and singular other our officers, ministers, and subjects, 
that from time to time, and at al times, they be attendaunt, 
aiding and assisting you in th*^ execution of the premisses. 
And that the said sheriffs from time to time do cause to 
come and appear before you six, five, four, three, or two 
of you, at such times and places as you shal appoint, as 
many and such good and leeful men of their bailifwick, by 
whom the truth may be the better known and come to 
light, in and concerning the premises, as you shal think re- 
quisite and necessary. And we wol and command also, al 
and singular keepers of our records in al and every our 
courts, and the clarks and ministers of the same courts, and 
every of them, that upon your our said commissioners, or 
4g two of your letters to them directed, they from time to time 
do make out in writing, and deliver unto you with al expe- 
dition, the copies of al and singular such our records, as ye 
or two of you shal think meet and requisite for the better 
execution of this our commission. 

And further, we give unto you six, five, four, three, or 
two of you, ful power and authority to commit to ward al 
and singular persons, whom ye shal find rebellious, dis- 
obedient, stubborn, obstinate, hindring, or letting by any 
means, the execution of this our commission ; there to re- 
mmn without bail or mainprize til our plesiu^ be further 
known. And what ye shal do in the premisses, we wol that 


ify us in our Court of Chancery indelayedly, toge- 
th this our commission : in witnes wherof we have 
these our letters to be made patents. Witnes our 
lYestminster, the first day of June in the second year 


arge of Mr, John Hales^ one of the commissioners^ 
eir assembly Jbr the execution of the commission Jbr 
^ss of enclosures. 

!EWISE as when a man is very sore sick, and in MSS. penes 
r of his life, if he send for a physician who studieth *^ 
:eth great pains for his health, and prepareth whol« 
ad healtliful medicins ; yet if he do not receive them, 
m do him no good; even so, good brethren, when 
x>nveniences, mischieves, and hurts happen in the 
Qwealth, if the Kings Majesty, his Council, and the 
ent with their great study, toyl, and labour, prepare 
^ke never so good laws to resist and put them away ; 
hey be not received, obeyed, nor put in execution, 
) not profit. Experience declareth the same to be 
ue. There have been many good laws made for the 
launce o( houses, and husbandry, and tillage, as in 
i year of the reign of K. Henry VII. and the 7th 
the reign of the Kings Majesties father, and in the 
'ar of his reign : that no man should keep upon his 
ds or farms, or upon his farms only, above the number 
thousand sheep. And in the same year, that no man 
have and occupy any more than two houses of hus- 
in one town, parish, or hamlet And in the S7th 
his Graces reign, that those that should have the 
f any of the monasteries that were suppressed by 
Parlament, being under the yearly value of three 
d marks, should keep honest and continual house 
jsehold upon the same, and occupy as much of the 
Qes in tillage, as was occupied by any means with 


tillage within twenty years before the same act Yet Iw- 
cause the same laws were not reverently obeyed, and obedi* 
50 cntly observed, we se they do little or no good. Towds^ til- 
lages, and parishes do diuly decay in great numbers ; housei 
of husbandry and poor mens habitations be utterly de- 
stroyed every where, and in no smal number ; husbandly 
and tillage, which is the very paunch of the oonmicmwealtfa, 
that is, that that nourisheth the whole body of the realm, 
greatly abated ; and finally, the Kings subjects wonderfuDj 
diminished ; as those can wel declare that confer the new 
books of the musters with the old, or with the chronideg. 

And al this groweth through the great dropsy and the 
insatiable desire of riches of some men, that be so modi 
given to their own private profit, that they pas nothing on 
the commonwealth: they love themselves so much, tint 
they forget their neighbours and Christen brethren: thej 
remember not that we be members of one body, and that if 
every member should pul and snatch from the other » 
much as he could, al the whole body must needs perid. 
Surely, good people, if the medicins that be prepared al- 
ready, to resist, remove, and heal this most hurtful diseatt 
of the commonwealth, privat profit^ I cal it, that is to say, 
the laws, be not justly and truly put in execution ; it is to 
be feared, yea, it is most certain, that within short time we 
shal have no commonwealth, but rather, for lack of people 
to defend us against our enemies, we shal be a prey for then. 
Is it not a pitiful hearing, good people, that man, which was 
ordeined of God to be a comfort for man, and as it were a 
god^ (as the proverb is,) that is to say, ordained to do good, 
is now clean changed, and is become a wolf, a devourer and 
consumer of men ; one that cannot be contented that bis 
neighbours should live with him and by him ? 

Verily, good people, if men would consider by natural 
reason what hurt followeth therby, not only to others, but 
what at length shal chance to themselves, it is to be thought 
that they would not so much give themselves to self love 
and their own profit. What shal it profit the rich man to 
have his chests ful of gold and silver, if he lack meat and 


P This the poor husbandman doth proYide. What 
am his riches avail, if his enemies go about to assault at 
iirrade him ? He must have oth^ to help, or eb he cannot 
inist : which in this reahn hath always, til of late, been the 
mnmons of the realm. And by reason they be now greatly 
deoyed and diminished, a great occaaon wherof hath been 
the destruction of their houses and habitations, and the 
gveat dearth and prices of victual without any just cause^ 
ll^ith the Kings Majesty that dead is, and the Kings Majesty 
ijhftt now is, was and is forced to send for and hire strangers, 
Akmuns, Italians, and Spanyards. This thing also caused 
die Kiiog that dead is to make so many castles and bulwarks 
by the sea side as he did: And his charges by these means 
nd occasions waxing daily greater and greater, he was of 
peoeanty driven to ask and take so great subodies and taxes 
^ Ins subjects as he did : whidi I dcmbt not but ye do 
Hid wil omader. And whensoever the Kings Migesty 
ibal have need of your aid and help, other with your per- 
ipns or with your goods, ye wil gladly, like most fsuthful 
and loving subjects, declare the same. But what availeth 5 1 
die rich man to have his felicity and heaven in this world, 
and to have infebci^ and hel in the world to come P 
; The parable that is redted in the gospel of the rich man 
i|iid the poor lazar, if we did wel omader of it, would make 
al mea tronUe, that be so g^en to the inoirdinate deare of 
ladies. But it is to be feared, that a great many think not 
diat there is any other world. If they did, they would do 
<^therwise than they da Or dse they think, as we were 
made to believe in time past, that if we live never so leudly, 
do never so much evil, they shal with masses and other 
mens prayers after th^ death purdiase heaven : which per- 
Buasicm and doctrin, as it was most ungodly, and contrary to 
Grods wcMd, so it was most hurtful, and the destruction of 
every commonwealth. It is even the right way to let in al 
vices, and to put out al vertue : for vices be more agreable 
with our ocHTupt nature than vertue. And surely, if m&t 
mark wd the course c( the wcnid, they shal eaaly perceive, 
diat this great greedines is jdagued here in this wcM of 



God. We se a great many given to this filthy desire d 
gathering together gooda^ and yet God wil not suffer them 
to enjoy the fruits th^of, and to use it to thar oommodi^. 
Some be sick, and wil scaarce spend one peny to recover theb. 
healths. Some scarce once a week wil refiredi thdr bodi» 
with a good morsel of meat, if they shal pay for it tbcmr 
selves. And others spare, to thintent they would kave 
great possessions to their children^ and make their familjF: 
noble. But we se, how man purposeih and God dispotsAf 
as the old saying is. Many times such men have cfaildiien, 
that, before thdr fathers be scarce laid in the grave^ ooik 
sume and wast away on harlots, unthrifty games, and lewd- 
company, that the father got before in long time and iritb 
great penury. Evil gotten, worse qpent. It is no strangi 
thing. Such evil heirs be no black swans or white cxomtf 
but almost as common as white swans or black crows. Hn' 
just plague of those that pas not how their dnldren te 
brought up, so they may leave them goods and lands enough. 
For Grods sake, good people, let us take heed ; let us iMt 
|Mx>voke the ire and plague of God on us ; but having re- 
ceived the knowledg of his word, let us live according. 
Let our good living and works appear to the world. Lei 
our love and charity be abundant to our poor neighbours; 
that other men may speak wel of us, and say no longer, 
that we be talkers of Gods word, and no^ followers. If ve 
do not, no doubt but he wil take that his most holy w&tA 
from us, and give it to a people that shal bring forth the true 
fruit of it. And then wil he plague us with sword, famine^' 
and pestilence, as he hath promised those that do not esteem, 
but contemne his word. Let us be^n, good people, to 
strive who may do most good ; and let us no longer study 
how to do our neighbours and our country harm. Let us 
have this godly opinion with us, that nothing can be profit- 
able that is not godly and honest ; nor nothing godly and 
honest, wherby our neighbours and Christen brethren, or 
the commonwealth of our country is hurted or harmed. 
Let us endeavour and give our selves to the obedience and 
observation of good laws, and nd longer to the imaginatioa 


and practice, how to subvert and break good laws. Let it 53 
appear, that we desire and follow that that is good, for the 
love that we bfear to good, and not for fear of the laws or 

Howbeit, as we hear, there be a great many that now fal 
in disputation, whether these statuts be necessary or profit- 
able for the commonwealth, and so to make controversy: 
Imt it becometh no honest subject so to do; when laws be 
tnade, we may not disobey them. If we should, and per- 
nit to ev^ mans judgment what is good, what is evil, we 
shoulcf never be in certeinty. But because there be some, 
:hat neither have the fear of God before their eyes, nor yet 
jf the lawis, they be so drowned in covetousnes, and this 
ih8a[t3able de^re of the vile muck of this transitory world; 
not plisang How they come by it, so they may have it : the 
EQngs Majesty being the life, heart, and head of this realm, 
and of us his subjects, the Lord Protectors Grace, and the 
Lords of the Council, coniddering that his Majesty is the 
minister of God here in earth, and hath the sword^ that is, 
authority ^en him of Gk)d to punish those that wil not do 
willingly that that is good and godly, minding the preserva- 
tion and w^Ith of this his realm, and that his poor subjects 
sihould not be oppressed by the rich, and intending to set 
such an order and stay in the commonwealth, as the poor 
with the rich, and one of us with another, may live together 
every man in his degree and vocation ; hath sent us here 
among you, and layd upon us a very great burthen, to se 
lus cotnmisinon diligently and earnestly executed, even as 
we wiY answer to God, his Highnes, and the commonwealth 
of his realm. 

And by thauctority therof we have sent for to appear 
before us^ and have sworn you, not by al saints^ but as ye 
trust to be saved by the merits of Christs passion, to make 
dligent enquiry and true presentment of such things as we 
shai charge you with. Wherunto we require you al, spe- 
cially you that be sworn, to give diligent and attentive ear, 
diat ye may the better do your office and duty. 



[Then was read the commission and proclamatimi. And 
then Mr. Hales proceeded, as follows :] 

Good people, by this commis^on and proclamation ye 
may perceive the zele and love that the Kings Majesde, 
the L. Protectors Grace, and the rest of his most honorable 
Council have to the commonwealth of this his realm and 
us his subjects. By the same also ye may perceive gene- 
.rally the cause of our coming, and your assemble here. 
And albeit it extendeth to five principal points, that is, for 
the decay of towns, villages, houses of husbandry, convert- 
ing arable ground into pasture, the multitude of sheep, the 
heaping together of farmes, the not keeping hosjntality and 
household on the scites of the monasteries and religious 
houses that were dissolved by statute made in the xxviith 
year of the reign of the Kings Majesty that dead is, and 
occupying of tillage on the demeans of the same monas- 
teries: yet doth al together shoot but at one mark, and 
prick but at one prick ; that is, to remove the self love that 
53 is in many men, to take away the inordinate desire of ridies 
wherewith many be cumbred, to expel and quench the insa- 
tiable thirst of ungodly greedines, wherewith they be dis- 
eased, and to plant brotherly love among us, to encrease 
love and godly charity among us, to make us know and re- 
member that we al, poor and rich, noble and ignoble, gen- 
tlemen and husbandmen, and al other, of whatsoever state 
they be, be but members of one body mystical of our Sa- 
viour Christ, and of the body of the realm. 

For as by natural experience we find it to be true, that tf 
any one part of a mans body be grieved, or the bloud by 
any maner of means be let, that it cannot come to it, it is a 
great pain to al the whole body ; nor is it lusty and able to 
do his office : so ought we to consider and remember in the 
state of the body of the realm ; if the poorest sort of the 
people, which be members of the same body as wel as the 
rich, be not provided and cherished in their degree, it can- 
not be but a great trouble of the body, and a decay of the 
strength of the realm. Surely, good people^ methinketh 


that if men would know how much this ungodly desire of 
worldly things, and the unleful getting and heaping toge- 
ther of riches, were hated of God, how hurtful and dan- 
gerous for the commonwealth of the realm it is, and what a 
vertue the mean in al things is; these laws, nor a great 
many more that be, needed not. Gods word is ful of threats 
and curses against these kind of greedines. " Woe be unto 
** you,'' saith he, " that cannot be contented that other men 
** should live with you and by you ; but put men fipom their 
** livings, join house to house, and couple field to field ; 
*^ what do you mean ? Think ye to live alone in the midst 
** of the earth ? No, no, the people be mine. I have a care 
** and respect to them, I wil not suffer them to be devoured 
** at your hands. It is not your policy, it is not your craft, 
** it is not your riches, that is able to defend you against me. 
*' I have the cure of the poor people ; I am their defender ; 
*^ I am their ayder; and I wil not suffer them to perish. 
'* If ye be not good to the poor, I wil not be good to you. 
•* If ye labour never so much, and have not my help, your 
^ labour is but in vwn. When ye look for plenty, I wil 
•* send scarcity. For it is not your labour, but it is my 
<^ blessing, which faJleth on them that do my commandments 
** and wil, that maketh plenty of al things.*" 

One of the causes why God plagued and burned the great 
dity of Sodom was, the greedines of the rich men, and the 
little mercy, pity, and compassion they had to their poor 
neighbours : they thought al too little for themselves. Ther- 
fbre, good people, let us consider and remember it. Let us 
not willingly go about to provoke the ire and plague of God 
on us. Let us remember, that our time in this world is but 
short. Let us use this short time to Gods honor and glory. 
It hath pleased him to send among i;s the light of his gos- 
pel, which doth teach us how we should love, honor, and 
trust in him ; how we should and ought to love our neigh- 
bours as our selves. Let us not go about to gather things 
together with the hurt of any other: for it is prohibited 
both by Gods laws, the law of nature, and mans law. Let 
it not appear that we have received the grace of Grod, «Bc| 

Aa 8 


54 the knowledg of his word in vain; but let our doings beio 
charitable, that al the world may se and perceive that as 
Gods word doth teach us to be al one, so we be al one: 
wherby we may provoke those that now hate Grods word, 
to love and embrace the same, and to glorify God with us. 

Thus have ye heard, good people, how much Grod ab* 
horreth this greediness, and how he hath in time past, and 
hereafter intendeth to punish the same. Now wil I tel you 
partly how hurtful it is to the commonwealth. likewise, as 
it hath pleased God to make the body of divers parts and 
members, and every part and member hath bis distinct and 
proper office, as to the ey to se, the nose to smel, the ear to 
hear, the tongue to spe^^c, the hand to feel, ai^ the feet to 
go ; so hath it pleased God also to ordeine in the common? 
wealth divers degrees of people; some to be govemoursi 
rulers, and defenders of it, a$ |iie Kings Majesty, his Counr 
cil, and nobility and gentlemen, and others, to be his victuaL 
lers and purveyors of things necessary for the use and siUr 
tinence of man, as craftsmen and husbandmen. And as if 
my hand, or any pth^r mepiber of tbei body, cquld by his 
craft or policy, a^ they cal it, find the meaps tp get the 
bloud of al the rest of the members to it, it should be an 
occasion that al the whole body, should shortly perish ; so 
likewise, when men in a commonwealth go about to gatho: 
as much as they can, and to get it they care not how, not 
considering whether by their gain any hurt should come to 
their neighbours or to the cominonwealth ; not only others, 
but they themselves should shortly perish. What availetha 
man to have his house ful of gold, and be not able to keep it 
with his force against his enemies ? So what shal al our goods 
avail us. if we be not able to defend us from our enemies? 

The force and puissance of the realm consisteth not only 
in riches, but chiefly in the multitude of people. But it 
appeareth, good people, that the people of this refthn, our 
native country, is greatly decayed through the greedines rf 
a few men in comparison, and by this ungodly meaps of 
gathering together goods, by pulling down of town^ and 
houses, which we ought al to lament; wheji^e the|:€ w^ ip 


ftw yeuts ten or twelve thousand people, thei^Jbe^tioir fieifinse 
Jbur thousand; where there were a thousand, now scltt'ce 
three hundred ; and in many places, where there w«"e very 
maAy able to defend our country from landing of ^our ene- 
mies, now almost none. Sheep and cattle that were or- 
d^ed to be eaten of men, hath eaten up the men; not of 
their own nature, but by the help of men. Is it not a pi- 
tHVil case, that there should be so little charity among men.^ 
Is it not a sorrowful hearing, that one Englishman should 
he tet to destroy his countryman ? The places where poor 
men dwelt, dearly destroyed : lands emproved to so great 
brents, or so excessive fines taken, that the pocH* husbandmen 
icannot live. Al things at this present, saving com, (which 
by reason that is in poor mens hands who cannot keep it, is 
good cheap,) be so dear as never they were : victual and al 
^her things that be necessary for mans Use. And yet, as 
it is said, there was never more cattle, specially sheep, than 
■there is at this present. But the cause of the dearth is, that 55 
those have it that may chuse whether they wil sel it or no ; 
lind wil liot sel it but at their own prizes. Al com would 
be likewise, if rt Were in their hands, and might be wel 

Therfbre the Kings Majesty, by th'advice of my Lord 
PiDtectors Grace, and the rest of the Council, thinking 
thAt if these laws might be put in execution many things 
amiss in the commonwealth should be ref(»ined, hath sent 
'his commissioners into these parties: wberupon we have 
caused you to appear before us, and have sworn you, re- 
qtdiing to give good ear to your charge. 

Instructions given by the Kings Majesty to his cqmtnis-^ 

, siqnerSf appointed Jbt the execution of certam stq^tute^ 
made in the fourth year of the reign qf K, Henry VIL 
amd the seventh, the twenty--^h^ cmd the t^nty^venth 
yeaars qf the reign qf K. Henry VIII, to be inquired 

. qf in the shires cmd pla>ces m the commission hereunto 

, » anayexedy expressed. 

Firit) Y€ dhal enquire what towns, villages, lind hamletB 

A a 4 


have been decayed and laid down by indosures into pas- 
tures, within the shire contained in your instructions, ath 
the fourth year of the rdgn of K. Henry VII. 

Item, What lands were then in tillage at the time of the 
said indosure, and what then in pasture. 

IteiUj How many plows, by reason of the said indosure, 
be laid down. 

Item^ How many meases, cottages, and dwelling bouses 
be fallen in decay, and the inhabitants of the same deputed 
from their habitation there, by reason of the same indosure: 
and how much land belonged unto the said tenants. 

Item, By whom the said inclosures were made, and how 
long agone; and if they were made within the same time; 
and of what yearly rent and profit they be. 

Item, Who hath now the state of inheritance, and tbe 
profits of the same inclosure ; and of whom the lands be 

Itenij How many new parks be now made sith the said 

Item, What arable land, at the time of the making tk 
said parks, were imparked within the same. 

Item, How many ploughs, houses, and inhabitations be 
decayed by imparking of the said ground. 

Itenif How many parks within the said shire be enlarged 
^th the said time ; and how much of the same ground was 
then arable and put in tillage. 

Itenij How many ploughs, houses, and inhabitations be 
decayed by reason of the said imparking. 

Itenii If any person hath or doth keep above the numb^ 
of two thousand sheep, besides lambs of one years age; 
and whether he hath kept the same upon his own lands, or 
upon his farm lands, or upon both, or otherwise by covyn 
or fraud ; and how long he hath kept them. 
5g Iteniy How many sheep ye think have been necessary for 
the only expences of such persons household for one year. 

Itenif If any person hath letten any lands to farm, or by 
copy of court-rol, reserving the sheep pasture of the same to 
himself ; or if any person hath taken from his tenants their 


commons, wherby they be not able to breed and keep their 
aittel and maintain their husbandry, as they were in time 

Item^ If any person hath had or occupied above the 
lumber of two houses or tenements of husbandry lying in 
me town, village, hamlet, or tithing ; and how long he hath 
xxnipied the same. 

Item, Whether such person hath taken the same in farm, 
Smt the term of life, years at wil, by indenture or copy of 
»iirt-rol or otherwise, sith the feast of the Nativity of our 
Lord Grod miUmo guingentesimo tricesvmo quinto; and 
irhere such person dwelleth. 

Item, If every person, body politic or corporate, that 
dath, by gift, grant, lease, or demise, the scite or precinct 
ind demeasnes of any monastery, priory, or religious house, 
clissolved by vertue of the act of Parlament made in the 
Vtih year of the reign of the King that dead is, do keep an 
bonest omtinual house and houshold in the same scite or 
precinct, and do occupy yearly as much of the same de- 
measnes, in ploughing and tillage of husbandry, as was com- 
monly used to be kept by the govemours, abbots, or priors 
of the same houses, monasteries, or priories, or by their far- 
mour or farmours occupying the same, within the time of 
twenty .years next before the making of the same statute. 

Itemy That you, our said commissioners, for your better 
instructions, take with you the copies of al such offices as 
irere found concerning the premisses in the ninth and tenth 
jrears of the reign of our most noble father K. Henry VIII. 

These be our instructions, and the articles of your charge 
generally; howbeit we think it very good to open it more 
spedally. For as there be many good men, that take great 
pains to study to devise good laws for the commonwealth ; 
lo be there a great many, that do with as great pains and 
study, labour to defeat them ; and as the common saying 
is, to find gapps and starting holes. But first, to declare unto 
jrou what ij^ meant by this word inclosures. It is not taken 
vhere a man doth enclose and hedge in his own prop^ 
pound, where no man bath commons. For sudi iiidiMMe 


IB very beneficial to the commonirealth ; it is a cause of 
great encrease of wood : but it is meant therby, wheb ubj 
man hath taken away and enclosed any other mens .oom- 
mons, or hath pulled down houses of husbandry, and ood- 
verted the lands from tillage to pasture. This is the mean- 
ing of this word, and so we pray you to rranember it 

To defeat these statuts, as we be informed, some hate 
not pulled down thdr houses, but maintain them ; howbdt 
no person dweUeth therin ; or if there be, it is but a abep- 
heard or a milkmaid, and convert the lands from tillage to 
pasture : and some about one hundred acres of ground, or 
more or less, make a furrow, and sow that; and the rest ths^ 
57 till not, but pasture with their sheep. And some take the 
lands from their houses, and occupy them in husbandry; 
but let the houses out to beggars and old poor peopk 
Some, to colour the multitude of their sheep, father dieji 
on their children, kinsfolks, and servants. All which be 
but only crafts and subtilties to defraud the laws ; sudi m 
no good man will use, but rather abhor. For every goal 
man wil direct his study to observe the laws, rather tliM 
break them, and say with himself thus : I know Ae 
makers of these laws meant good to the commonwealdi. 
Men be but men, they cannot se al things ; they be 00 
gods, they cannot make things perfect. Therefore I wil 
rather do that they meant, altho^ without danger of the law 
I might do otherwise, and I will withal my heart do good 
to my country, albeit it be against my private profit, rate 
than hurt it. And therfore if there be any such thi^ ae 
these tricks, albeit they be not comprehended in the letter 
of the law, I pray you let us know him, and present job 
his name. 

Thus have we declared unto you the causes of our cooi* 
ing and your assemble here : which is only to enquire «! 
such things as we have been charged with. If ye wil da 
your office therein as becometh good men, that is to tafi 
without partiality or favour, accuse and present those tbd 
be to be accused and presented for ofiending of these abh 
tuts ; and in these enornodties, we doubt not hut ye shal da 


God SB great and as acceptable 8acri6ce as may be. For 
hereby shal his glory, and the firuit of his word, which is 
charity and love to our neighbours, be published and set 
foarth to the world ; ye shal do the King the greatest ser-*. 
ncfB that can be devised. For hereby his people and sub- 
jects (in the multitude of whom his honour and safty con- 
IVSteth) shal be encreased ; and ye shal shew your selves 
gpod members of the body and the commonwealth of the 
iseaka, that covet and desire as much the wealth and com- 
modity of your Christen brethren and neighbours, as ye 

Besides, it is not unlike but that these great fines for 
Umds and emprovement of rents shal abate, and al things 
yrtcf. better cheap ; xx and xxx eggs for a peny, and the rest 
Bifier the rate as hath been in times past; and the poor 
inaftgmen may live, and set their wares at reasonable prices; 
mad noblemen and gentlemen that have not emprowed nor 
cnhaunced their rents, nor were sheep-masters, nor grasiers, 
tilt lived like noblemen and gentlemen, shal be the better 
yUe to keep good hospitality among you, and keep servants 
^ibout them, as they have done in time past. And that, 
«th ye shal thus serve God, the King, and the oommon- 
"wealth, ye wil put away al fear of any person, land lord, 
pAster, or other. For God, the King, and the common- 
wealth, if ye serve them truly and faithfully, as they be 
fUe to defend you against the Devil, the world, and private 
profit; so may you be sure they wil suffer no person to do 
JQU injury. And considering the manifold benefits that 
ip^j come by truly executing therof, we also require and 
f^ertise you, that for no favour ye go about to excuse or 
^ve unpresented those that ye may know to have offended : 
jau shal do your sfelves much hurt by running into wilful 
(piijury; and indeed nothing profit them whom ye intend 58 
If gratify. For we our selves, if need shal require, wil take 
tb^ pains to view every thing particularly. 
. , .^jid therfbre for Gods sake, good people, do as becometh 
^fimeat men, declare the truth, and nothdng but the truth. 
And 091 th*other side, we require you cm Gods behilf> ogm>* 


mand you in the Kings name, and exhort you as yotn* 
friends, that ye wil not abuse this the great goodnes of 
God, the Kings Majesty, and his high Council heron of- 
fered ; that is to say, that ye make not this godly thing an . 
instrument of malice, to be revenged on any man to whom 
ye bear displesure: for things grounded on malice, God 
wil never suffer to prosper. Besides, we charge you and 
command you al, that be present on the Kings behalf, and 
that ye likewise charge al your neighbours that be absent, 
that ye nor none of them go about to take upon you to be 
executors of the statuts ; to cut up mens hedges, and to pot 
down their enclosures, or by any ways to hurt them. For 
this is not your oiSce to do. Ye shal highly offend God, 
break the Kings laws, and be an occasion that that good thtt 
might, and is like to foUow, shal not take place, nor come 
to that good end that is desired. But let it appear to the 
world that ye desire a charitable and quiet reformation by 
the order only of the law, whereunto we ought and be 
bound to be obedient. Be ye not breakers of the law, while 
ye go about to have vices reformed by the law. Accuse and 
present you justly those that be offenders of these statute 
For this is only our duty to wil you and yours to do, and 
let the law work his effect, power, and office afterward. 

And by this means we trust in God, that as it hath 
pleased him to put into the Kings and his Councils heads 
to begin this matter, so wil he give them grace to finish and 
accomplish the same ; and to do greater things to his glory, 
the Kings honor and safty, and the universal benefit of us 
al. And unles we wil shew our selves unkind, we cannot 
but honor God, and ^ve him thanks, that it hath pleased 
him to send us such a King, such a Protector, and sudi a 
Council, that only be bent and enclined to do the peopk 
good. Doubtles, good people, where the people love and 
honour God, favour and embrace his word, and live accoA 
ingly, to them doth God send good and gracious rukA 
And on th'other side, where they favour not, nor love hii 
word, to them he sendeth unpitiful and hard rulers, such ai 
only shal seek their own plesures, benefits, and conunodideSi 


not passing on their poor subjects. And therfore, good 
people, let us love, favour, and embrace Gods word, which 
thing only is the cause that this godly act is set forward : it 
18 the general comfort of al Christian men, and specially of 
the poor: it forbiddeth the rich to oppress the poor, and 
willeth and commandeth him to be merciful to him : it de- 
ejareth us to be members of one body, and biddeth us to 
love together like brother and brother : it teacheth the ma^s- 
trates their offices towards their inferiors, and commandeth 
al people to be obedient to their superiors : it sheweth how 
Crod rewardeth weldoers both here and with everlasting 
felicity, and punisheth malefactors both in this world and with 
eternal damnation. And therfore, good people, let us npt 
only love and embrace Gods word, but also al such as be the 
furtherers, preachers, and teachers hereof. Thus I make an 
eBd, and Gtxl save the King. 

R. 59 

A discourse made hy WiUiam TTiomas^ esq. for the King's 
tLse ; whether it he expedient to vary with time. 

WHAT time is, Solomon, in the third of Ecclesiastes, Cott. Libr. 
doth sufficiently describe, including al things under the sun y^^ ' 
within time* And as Petrarch saith in the Triumph of 


Passan voire grandezze, e vostre pompe^ 

Passan le signorie^ passano i regni : 
Ogni cosa mortal tempo interrompe. 

Wherfore seing time is both the father and.devourer of al 
things, and consequently that nothing is to man more pre- 
cious than time ; it foUoweth, that he who in time can take 
his time, is most happy in this world. But because we se the 
Htnrld to depend in maner altogether upon contraries, as rest 
lad moving, lack and having, light and darknes, white and 
^lack, silence and noise, sweet and sowre, hot and cold, 
4ght and heavy, soft and hard, moist and dry, with infinite 
:)tber8, in such wise as every thing hath his contrary ; ther- 


fore it seemeth a great difficulty unto man, (as indeed it is,) 
how among so many discords he may gather any profit of 
his time. 

For when al is reckoned, no man findeth thing in this 
world more joyful, nor more acceptable unto him, tbm 
prosperity ; which he esteemeth so much, that he lefineth^ 
no labour, nor in maner any peril to attain it: and yet 
hath this prosperity proved such a Iyer, flatterer, and de- 
ceiver of men, that when they have most rejoyced and' 
trusted in it, even the prosperity it self hath been cause of 
their extreme sorrow and adverrity ; as by infinite examphs 
it is manifest. How suddenly was the glory of Bahhanr, 
in the fifth of Daniel, plagued of God. 

For indeed this prosperity (or humane felicity, as ye firt 
to cal it) is not esteemed prosperity til it be at the highest; 
and then it semeth of ordinary, that when we reckon tcf k 
most happy, suddenly some contrary happeneth: isr> that 
the esteemed prosperity encreaseth the adversity, and n 
rather a beginning of mishap than any felicity indeed: 
which th^ astronomers ascribe unto the planets, because A 
things in earth, as they say, are governed by the motions of 
the stars. And as when they be in a sextile or trine aspect 
they are accounted prosperous, so in the quadrate or oppo- 
site they are unfortunate. And their courses being such a» 
in a moment they leap from one to the other, it is no mer- 
vail (say they) tho mens fortune do semblably vary. 

Philip, king of Macedon, when he had in one day gotten 
the victory in the Olympiades playes, and in the batti3 
both, prayed God to recompence that great hap with some 
60 small evil : wherupon he was by chance shot into the eye 
with an arrow, and so lost his eye; accounting himsdf 
happy in the midst of his prosperity to encounter with t 
smal misfortune. For as the stone that is thrown into ^ 
air falleth the more vehemently the higher he is thrown; » 
most commonly it fareth by mans prosperity, the higher lie 
seemeth to climb, the greater is his overthrow. And if in 
prosperity (to the which al men covet to aspire) we find Brii 
difficulty or peril, wherunto then shal man apply his time? 



Truly as the musician useth sometime a flat, and some- 
time a sharp note, sometime a short, and sometime a long, 
fo make his song perfect; so, saith Macchiavegli, ought 
nan to frame his procedings unto his time. And albeit 
that man cannot so directly concord them, as to make them 
dways agree, like the musicians divers notes, because some 
men are led of vehemence, and some of respect and fear, in 
the «3ke or other wherof al men most commonly do err ; yet 
^ is to be esteemed the wisest and happiest man, that in 
prooeding maketh least discords with time. And as the 
physician to the remedy of sickness ministreth unto his pa- 
ti»t8 both mededns and (Sets, other than they should re- 
ceive when they were whole; so man in his aflairs should pro- 
oede 8CccH*ding to his time, altering as the occasion requireth ; 
ted not to persevere obstinately in one opinion, how good or 
how profioible soever it had proved in other time before. 

Fabius Maximus (of whom I have spoken heretofore) was 

for his time a wonderful captain, and the whole preservation 

of the whole commonwealth, because his fortune was to 

spring in a time conformable to his nature. For Annibal 

l»ng newly arrived in Italy with a couragious army, and 

living obtained the victory of sundry sore battails, was 

Hot any more to be foughten withal, as wel for the respect 

cf his own encreased strength, as for the weakness of his 

often abated enemies: so that against him in that time 

lik&re was none so meet a captain as Fabius ; who with pro- 

km^g of time decreased Annibals treasure and power. But 

ifAc»*ward8, when the Romans were at a better stay, and 

hiible as wel to offend as to defend, then was Scipio sent into 

Aide with an army, to bring those wars to an end ; which 

fate time and fortune served him to do. And yet was Fabius 

at that time of opinion, that Scipio should not go, cleaving 

sbiFays to his own maner of proceding : so that if Fabius had 

then been prince or governor, in such sort as his opinion 

itent have had place, Annibal might for him have been yet 

ift Italy. Wbecin they do commonly err, that have before 

prospeJhed in thw opinion. The hap wherof maketh them 

Hi to hop^ the like, that in maner it shal be imposAU^ tar 


suade them : which indeed is one of the greatest causes of 
the common mishapp that followeth prosperity. For when 
men wil observe one direct, or (as I may cal it) obsdnate 
proceding, if the time come that shal require the contraiy, 
it followeth their proceding much perish. 

I mean not, that any man should vary in amity, tun 
from vertue to vice, or to alter in any such thing as re- 
quireth constancy ; but touching the other publick or {MI^ 
vate doings, I think nothing more necessary than to oofjf 
with the time. 
6 1 Alexander the Lacedemonian, being a notable yaliant 
prince, used nevertheless in al his doings more pcdii^thaB 
force : wherof his familiars would sometimes reprove hini) 
saying, that he degenerated from Hercules, of whom he was 
descended. But he smiling would answer, ** That whoe 
*^ he could not play the lion, it was no shame to play the 
^^ fox :^ which of some men is condemned as a vile and 
vitious thing. For Quintus Curtius, upon the answ^ d 
Alexander the Great unto Parmenio, maketh a great £s- 
course; declaring how Parmenio counsilled Alexand^ to 
oppress his enemy by policy. Wherunto Alexander an- 
svtrered, that if he were Parmenio he would so do, but beiif 
Alexander, it behoved him liberally to fight, and justly to 

Indeed, whensoever a prince may openly without peril at- 
tain either the victory over his enemy, or his purpose with 
them that be indifferent, his proceding ought to have no 
craft. But when either his power serveth not, o^ that Us 
contrary practiseth subtilly, (as most commonly princes do 
at these days,) then, meseemeth, policy is no vice: for al 
men are not Alexanders. No, nor Alexander was not lum- 
self at length. Even as he was to be commended in the ver- 
tuous overcoming of his enemy, (if vertue it may be called,) 
when his power served him therunto; so was he to be dis- 
praised in the unnatural misuring of his friends, when with 
them and by their help he had passed so many perils. Wher- 
fore at length his own prosperity bred his own destructioik 

Philip de Comines writeUi, that at the treaty of the peace 


heAde Conflans, Lovys the Xlth French king, aiid the 
Ctinte Charolois, son to the Duke of Burgoigne, met simply 
in the fields : and walking together alone, in treating of the 
nKltter, the King led the Earl into a bulwark of his before 
Paris, or ever the Earl took heed : and nevertheless agreed 
with him, and sent him back again unto his army, that then 
was wonderfully disturbed for his absence and danger. The 
cburlesy wherof, as I believe, encouraged the same French 
Kijig aft^wards to put himself in the Duke of Burgoigne'^s 
power at Peronne; where he found great cause to repent 
hikn of his folly : for whilest he lay in the castle, the Duke 
was in a thousand thoughts, whether he should retain him 
still, or do worse. And if the King had denyed any of his 
li^uests, it had indeed proved evil with him. 

Thus it appeareth that no man ought with his own nature 
Uf mesUre the nature of another man ; and especially of 
|iiin6e8, who are not reckoned wise, when they lose either 
tim6 or advantage. And therfore Philip de Comines al- 
loweth them not to meet togithers, unles it be in youth, 
when their heads are given to pleasures. But in cases of 
treaty for peace, in time of war, or for interest in time of 
pgai^, when the power of the one may be suspect to the 
oth^j let never princes meet. No, the jealousy of estate is 
so great, that when a prince may advoide any peril either by 
foresight or by policy, let him never tempt God, for miracles 
iKf rare. 

Isabell Queen of Naples, being expulsed the realm by the 
£rst Alphonse, then intitled king therof, made recourse 
unto Eugeny, then bishop of Rome, for aid to recover her 
ciBtate : who in her favour sent a patriarch, called Vitelesco, 62 
With men of war against Alphonse. And albeit the pa^ 
triarch for a while prospered; yet at length near unto 
Stolerno, the King gate him in such a straight, as neither he 
0or his conld escape. Then fell he to treaty, and promised 
tbe' King al his request: wherupon truce was taken, and he 
IbC ga But immediately after, knowing the King upon 
tMst of the truce to be void of suspicion, he turned so sud- 
dfssSy-upfm hkn, that on Christmas-day^ the EboigtaBiiiglil 



mas, word came that the patriarch was at hand, which not- 
withstanding, the King of superstition w(RiId needs hear out 
his bias ; and so obstinately persevered, that the patriardi 
came indeed, fought with the Kings guard at the diuich 
door, slew divers of them, took al the Kings plate and 
cariages, and so hot4y pursued the King himself, that with 
much ado he escaped to Capua. 

Whenn like as the patriarch shewed himself a true mem- 
ber of the wicked church, so did the King err in two ways: 
first, in suffering the enemy to escape, when he had him at 
the advantage; and after, in tetnpting God with a trust that 
needed not. As Cicero saith, Ne qfferamua nos periaJii 
wie causa, 

Wherfore among princes, of al things the time and advan- 
tage is to be observed, in such sort as having the enemy at 
an afterdeal, either constrain him by force to yield unto thy 
profit, or deal with him so liberally, that he may both kniDW 
what case he is in, and how much kindnes thou deservest of 
him. Which latter almost is not to be used ; because princes 
have less confines to their wills, and less amity to their neigh- 
bours, than in tune past hath been accustomed. 

Titus Veturius Calvinus, and Spurius Posthumus, being 
consuls of Rome, happened witli both their armies to arme 
in a vally called Caudina, where their enemies, the Samnites, 
stopped the straights in such sort, as livy writeth, that 
the Romans, lamenting their misfortune, said, Nejerrum 
quidem ad bene moriendum oblaturus est hostis: sedent 
beUum conficiebat In which case the Samnites, astonied 
with their unhoped fortune, wist not what counsil to U8& 
Wherfore Caius Herennius, their captain, sent home to his 
father, Herennius Pontius, an aged wise man, to hear his 
(pinion : who understanding the case, answered, they should 
freely let the Romans go, without offending them in any 
thing. Which advice, the Samnites liked not, and therefore 
sent to him again : then he bad cut them al to pieces, and let 
not one escape. These two answers, so contrary, made them 
believe ho doted, by reason of his age. Wherfore they sent 
for him, and being come, asked what he meant. Maiy^ 


quoth he, if ye do the first, your Uberality «hal establish a 
perfect peace and amity with a people more puissant than 
your self. And if ye do the second, destroying these two 
armies, ye abase their power, so that in many years they 
shal not again be hable to annoy yoU. Other council, quoth 
he, I know none. And being then demaunded, what he 
thought of a mean between these two extremities, in letting 
them go upon such covenants as are wont to be taken of men 
overcome ; he answered. So shall ye neither purchase friends, 
nor rid you of enemies : for ye preserve them that ye have 63 
emended ; yea, and further provoke them with shame. And 
it proved true indeed : for it had been better for the Sam- 
nites at that time to have been discomfited of the Romans in 
bettail, than to have let them go as they did, with so shame- 
ful a peac^, as by the proces of the history it appeareth. 

In effect, it fareth with princes in this case, as in expences 
it fareth with the prodigal man : who of his treasure gather- 
eth but thanks, and perchance scorn ; and when he hath al 
spent, his most gain is miserable pity. Wherfore the wise 
prince loseth neither his time nor advantage; as K. Ed- 
ward III. when he had lien a year before Calais, and was 
diallenged by the French King to fight, answered, " No ; 
** I have lien here these twelve months to my great charges : 
•* and if I should now put that in adventure that I am sure 
** of, I should commit a great folly.*** Which answer pro- 
ceded not of cowardise : for before that time he refused not 
the "fight at Vironfosse, nor the battails of Cane, Blanche- 
take, nor Cressy ; but he would loose neither the time he had 
spent there, nor the advantage of winning the town, which 
within few days after was yielded unto him. And albeit 
diat he varied from his nature to refuse any fight, yet be- 
cause the time required so, it was rather honorable than 

Loose therfore neither advantage nor time, the winning ^ 

wfaerof is accounted the greatest matter among princes ; like 
as the loss is by example proved to be of ho less moment. 
And let him not think to prosper in this world, that wil fl^ 
xmry in his procedings accorchng to the time: 



is nothing more pleasant than the conocMxi <^ inusidli^ 
nothing more displeasant than the discord therof ; so whea 
doings and time agree, there is nothing more happy, nor 
when they disagree, nothing m<»re unhaj^y ; baTing in them 
much more variation than tunes in music have. 


A second discourse made by the same persoriy Jbr the King's 
use; whether it he better Jbr a commonwealth^ that ik 
power be in the nobility or in the commonaJty. 

Cott. Libr. THE people of every monarchy, or realm, is divided i& 
D. 18. two parts : th'^one nobility , and the other commonalty, h 
whom be two repugnant desires : the one to rule, and the 
other not to be ruled. And because the desire of them pre* 
vaileth in whom the power consisteth ; therfore our ques- 
tion is, to whom the power is most convenient for the ooov> 

Upon which question dependeth this other ; wheth^ i« 
more prejudicial to the commonwealth, the nobleman that 
64 seeketh to maintain his estate, or the unnoble that seeketh 
to attain nobility. Or whose desire is the greater, his that 
hath already, and feareth to loose, or his that hath not, and 
coveteth to gain. 

In effect, it hath been proved, that the desire of both it 
equal : for he that hath, thinketh he cannot safely ^oy U3 
own, if he get no more ; and he that hath not, must of neoeft* 
sity seek to have. And tho this desire be equal in its ad^ 
yet are the effects therof unequal : for he that hath, mty 
gain with ease ; wheras he that hath not, cannot wel gtfl 
without travail. In which travail consisteth the ground of 
al civil policy. 

For if the needy might attain their things without tftsmi 
ing for them, or the wealthy find none ease in the riebes All 
they have travailed for, then should the world become hiP; 
barous for lack of travail. 


Wberfore like as it is necessary to constrain the needful 
to travul, even so it is requi^te to nudntiun him that by tra- 
vmI hath deserved rest, in power to rest : for of diligence 
and travul nobility is grown. And as long as either the 
Dobloman or the unnoble seeketh to maintain or att^n by 
due means, so long is neither of them noisome to the com- 
numwealth. But whenioever dther of them seeketh his 
purpose by power, and so grow into parties ; then is the party 
<rf the commons the more dangerous, for three especial causes, 
that is to wit, their inconstancy, peri), and ignorance. 

First, That the multitude is most inconstant, it is evident : . 
fiir among many men are many opinions ; which breedeth 
confiision. And the by persuasion or necesuty they may 
agree, yet is it imposrabte their agreement should long con- 
timie. As for example. 

In the banning of the third book of the third decad of 
l^tus Livius, I read, that after the battail of Traamene, 
when Ajinibal came before Capua, the commons of that city 
had their senators and magistrats in such contempt, that the 
best of the town feared to be slain, and so the city to be 
yielded unto Annibal. Of which matter livy b^nneth on 
this wise : Inde CapaamfiectKt ita-f Itururiantem longaJkU- 
dtate atque mdtiigentia fortunee ; maaAme tamen inter cor- 
rvpta omnia UcenHa pl^U, sine modo libertatem exercerMa. 
inBomach that Pacuvius Calavius, one of the nobility there, 
to aave both the senate and the city, and to win the people, 
deHsed this subtilty. First he persuaded the senators to 
be Didered by him, and so locked them up bothers in the 
senate house. Then he called the commons unto him, 
quiking an orati(»i to this effect, that he knew the just hate 
lliey bear against their ml»^, which moved him to procure 
a mean, how they might without th^r own peiil be avenged 
qB than. Wherfore by his own policy he had made them 
sure in the senate, and would Imng them forth to be pl^- 
■usfaedat the peoples judgment, scoording to thctriienicntV! 
lAeruf the people wonderfully rqoiced. But then he per- 
auaded them it was necessary to do two things at onoe^&^j" ' 
tp dispatch the (AA senate, aqd the other, to ckt 


nator cmt ever they executed the old. Whenipon he caused 
the senators names to be put into a pot, and so taken out 
by one and one at adventure. 
65 The first senator, whose name happened to be drawn, was 
brought forth, and with an open cry of the people*,coft- 
demned. Now, quoth Facuvius, ye have judged him, 
choose one in his place. Of which electicm Livy wiiteth 
thus : Primo^ silentium erat inopia potioris stiJbficimdi 
Demde, cum aliquiSy omissa verecundiay quempiam fiomi- 
nasset, multo major extemph clamwr oriebaturj cum alii ne- 
garent nossCj alii mmcprobra^ nunc humUitatem, sordidam- 
que inopiamj etpudend(B artis aut qucMttis genua obpcerenL 
Hoc multo magis in secundo ac tertio aenatore Jadum at. 
So that at length, for want of better, they were contented to 
keep their old, and to stand to Facuvius his discretion. 
And to this effect infinite examples may be alledged, that 
nothing is more inconstant than the multitude. 

Then for the ^mZ, none is to be compared to the frenzy 
of the people : for like as if a mad man get the sword in his 
hand, he is like not only to mischief other, but also himself; 
even so fareth it by the commons. If they once attain the 
power, they destroy both the nobility and themselves. Ex- 
ample of the Jaquerie that sprang in Beauvoisine and other 
countries of France, the year 1358; of whom Froisard, in 
the 182 chapter of his first volume, saith these words: 
'^ These mischievous people, thus assembled without capitain 
*' or armure, robbed, brent, and slew al gentlemen that 
'^ they could lay hands on, and forced and ravished ladies 

and damoisels, and did such shameful deeds that no hu- 
^^ mane creature ought to think on any such. Which rage, 
^* if they had prevailed in, they would at length have am- 
^^ verted upon themselves, when the gentlemen had been 
^* utterly destroyed.'' I might bring a number of examples, 
as wel of our own nation as of others, to this effect, but none 
more cruel than the Jaquerie. 

Thirdly, for ignorance ; the multitude utterly know^ 
nothing. And tho some examples of good succes maybe 
alledged for the popular estates ; yet, if they be wel sought, 



it shall appeat they never preceded of wisdom, but of ne- 
cessity. And then comparing th'inconveniences that hap- 
pened before the necessity to the successes that have fol- 
lowed, it shal be found that the wisdom, learned of necessity^ 
is dearly bought. Even the Swizzers, that destroyed their 
gentlemen in a day, and that now glory most in their popu- 
larity, both have had of late years, and must needs have 
shortly, the like ill fortune that hath happened unto Athens, 
Florence, and such other. 

Wherfore I determine, it is impossible any estate should 
long prosper, where the power is in the commonalty. For 
like as it becometh neither the man to be governed of the 
woman, nor the master of the servant, even so in al other 
regiments it is not convenient the inferior should have power 
to direct the superior; because that of power procedeth 
commandment, and of commandment execution. 

It may be said, it hath been often seen by experience, 
that through the covetousnes of the ndbility the commons 
have been oppressed ; so that for the disordinate appetites 
of a few, the multitude hath suffered: which seemeth a 
greater evil than that the few should suffer for the multi- 
tude. Wherfore, if the power were in the commonalty, the 
magistrates would always be the more careful to bridle the 6*6 
excesses of the nobility, and to advance the public wealth : 
which argument indeed were very good, in case they would 
always maintain their civil laws, and the orders of their ma- 
^strats inviolate. But what popular estate can be read that 
hath thirty years together eschewed sects, sedition, and 
commotions, in such sort as once within thirty years the 
whole estate hath not been in danger of subversion ? And 
then must I ask, whether is more pestilent to the common- 
wealtli, the tyranny of a few, or the subversion of the 

I must confess there be two notable evils that in manner 
grow of ordinary in the nobility : with the one wherof the • 
commons are offended, and with the other grieved. The 
first is amlution, and the second tyranny, which are both ao -• 
united^ that lightly thone followeth thother. 

B b 4 

376 A BEP03IT0By 


Whensoever the nobletnan cxr magistrate useth the place 
of his calling for himself, without regard to the inferior sort, 
then waxeth he ambitious : the maintenance wherof ingen- 
dreth tyranny ; that is to say, practise of unlawful gain, or 
cruel handling of his inferiors. 

Wherfore M acchiavegli, in his discourses of the litw^y 
of a commonwealth, detenqineth that m cases of extrenptj, 
where the magistrats or nobility use this tjrranny, the oom- 
motions of the people are necessary, to mitigate the excesg 
of the great mens ambitions. 

And in the greatest extremities, indeed, it seemetb to have 
some reason ; as in the necessity of the poor Athenians, when 
Solon was made praetor ; or the like of the Romans, wheo 
they rebelled, and went to the Hcdy Hil, where Menemu9 
Agrippa appeased them. But otherwise the ambition and 
tyranny of the nobility were much more tolerable than the 
insolence, inconstancy, peril, and ignorance of the multitude. 
For these faults of the nobility are nothing comparable to 
those of the commons ; and especially in that the estate le- 
maineth with them always inviolate. Wheras if the mult^ 
tude prevail once in power, al goeth to confusion : the estate 
is subverted, every mans property, his possession and goods 
are altered, and they themselves never return to order, but 
by necessity. 

In the monarchy or estate of a prince, if the prince be 
good, like as he keepeth his commons void of power, even so 
he preserveth them from the tyranny of the nobility ; for he 
is the same bridle in power over his nobility, that the Qobihty 
is over the commons, and tendeth as wel to the rule of the 
one, as to the preservation of the other. 

And tho he were a tyrant, yet I say his tyranny is more 
tolerable than the tyranny of the nobility of the estate ol 
optimates ; where, instead of one, there be many tyrants: 
for the property of a tyrant is, not to suflTei: within his power 
any mo tyrants than himself. And if the tyranny of the 
nobility, as I have said before, be more tolerable than th^ in- 
solence of the multitude, much more tolerable thea is the 
princes tyranny than the commons power. 


Wherfore I ccmclude, that it is better for the common- 6/ 
wealth the power be in the nobility, than in the commonalty. 
' Neither do I mean, that for the dangers rehearsed, the 
commons should be so kept down, as the wretched commons 
of some other countries be. But I would their disciplin and 
education should be such, that the only name of their prince 
9hould make them to tremble. Which they should never re- 
gwij if either the power were in them, or that they feared 
not a superior power. For if they have but so much liberty 
as to talk of the princes causes, and of the reason of laws, at 
<|nc^ they shew their desire not to be ruled : wherof groweth 
contempt, and consequently disobedience, the mother of al 


A ibird ppliiical discourse made by William Thomas^ esq, 
Jbr the Kvn^s simdy; entitled^ Wlujki princes amity is 
, be^t. 

 AMITY, or friendship, (as Cicero deflneth it,) is the per- Cotton 
ffect concord of al divine and humane thin£;s with benevo- , A J* « 

o Vespasian, 

knee and charity. And he saith, that, wisdome excepted, he D. is. 
knaweth not whether the immortal gods have given unto 
man any better thing : for it maketh the prosperous things 
more resplendent, and adversities the more easy. And if it 
were possible for the princes of these days to use that amity 
that some princes have don, as we read of Massinissa and 
Seipib, and of other, then it were no need to talk of other 
amity, than of that sweet private amity that Cicero so wel 
hath described. And without further question, that princes 
amity were best, in whose heart those rules were written. 
But the perverse nature of men in this time doth scarcely 
permit any perfect amity. Wherfore to treat of the politic 
amily, that is to say, the accustcHnable amity that may be 
had ; it is first to be considered, to what end the amity of 
foireigii princes doth serve, and what need one prince halb 
ci the oiheis amity. 
. ^ruly, if it be wel considered, tba theiQ» W^ 


to be alledged, why it behoveth princes to hare anuty, 
yet al should tend but to one end, that is to say, to main- 
tain their own : for the fruit of the foreign princes amity 
consisteth in two points. 

One, in giving aid to resist an enemy, tU sine infuria tfi 
pace vivatur ; and the other in relieving his friends coun- 
try with those conunodities that it wanteth. Both which, as 
I have said, tend to that end that is rehersed before. And 
because few princes are of themselves hable to maintain 
their own, if they want friendship of other princes, therfore 
it followeth, this friendship to be very necessary. For it 
hath been often seen, that princes and other estates have 
been often brought to that point for lack of friends, that 
having to do with such as were more puissant than them- 
selves, they neither could msdntain peace nor sustain war. 
68 In which case either they must throw themselves into thdr 
laps that shal help them, or must become a pr^y to those 
that do assault them. 

And this happeneth through lack of foresight; when the 
prince or estate hath not mesured their forces with thar do- 
ings. As Livy writeth of the Latins in the eighth book rf 
his first decad ; jam latio is statiis erat rerum^ ut^nequepor 
cent neqtie helium pati possent By reason that through lack 
of friends to aid them, the amity and the inimity of the Ro- 
mans was indifferent unto them. For if they had peace, 
their conditions were intolerable; and their impotency in 
the war made them at length fal into thraldome. 

But leaving the examples of people that had no prince, 
we may read, as wel of our own histories as of others, what 
inconveniences have happened to them that have wanted 
foreign friendship. 

How often did the Danes in King Egberts time invade 
this realm, spoil it, and ransome it ? How many doubtful 
and bloudy battails were foughten between our nation and 
them in the fift year of Alureds reign ? What made King 
Etheldred flee into Normandy, leaving his crown to the 
possession of Suono, or Suanus, a Dane ? And had William 
Duke of Normandy been hable to expulse Harold King of 


^England, and to enjoy the crown, if Harold had any 
strange friend ? If I should follow on with like examples, 
where the estates been utterly subverted and altered from 
one nation to another, (much through the lack of friend- 
i^p,) I should be over tedious. But this I find, that tho 
there be many causes to be alledged in the subversion or 
alteration of estates; yet one of the greatest is the lack of 
princes amity. 

Wherfore determining, that, among the great cares that 
princes ought to have for the preservation of themselves 
and their estates, this amity, spoken of before, should not 
be the least ; we must now examine what princes amity is 
best. In which behalf four things are worthy of considera- 
tion ; the propinquity, the antienty of friendship, the reli- 
gion, and the nature of the prince, whose amity is sought. 

First, for propinquity. Albeit that it is both profitable 
and commendable to have the amity of al princes ; yet it is 
evident that the neighbours amity is to be preferred before 
the strangers. And herein lyeth a question, whose amity is 
the better : his that may most annoy, or his that may most 
asdst. For a mean prince that is a neighbour, may annoy 
inore than a puissant prince that dwelleth far off. And such 
a puissant prince again may by contrary means assist more 
than the mean neighbour prince. 

In effect, it hath been ever proved, that th^ amity of him 
which may most annoy is to be preferred. For by this 
amity ye do not only advcnd the daunger of that annoyance 
that he may do, but ye also may have his aid to joyn with 
yours ; which, though it were but mean in respect of the 
far princes power, must nevertheles be such an help as may 
serve the tium more readily. And the amity of far-princes 
hath ever been proved so uncertain, that a smal power of 
the neighbour hath been most commonly preferred before 
it Wherfore, like as th' amity of a private neighbour is unto 
every private man, for his domestick affairs, more necessary 
than di'' amity of a stranger; even so in estate, th^amity of ^9 
the neerest prince is more convenient than of him that is 
distant .yf^t 


For proof wherof, in the last wars between the Empov 
and French King, Barbarossa, the Ttirks adnural, with n 
army of 8000 Turks, landed in Fmvence; being sent at the 
French Kings request from the Turk to aid him againt 
the Emperor. As for the Turks puissance, I need not to 
reherse it. And the French Kings folly in this bdialf de. 
dared itself. For when he thought the Emperor too atnog 
for him, he made account, that matching himself with one 
of more puissance, he should the rather suppress his enen^. 
But because he considered not, that a strange prince npaa 
an uncertain hope would be loth to adventure anygrait 
power of his so far from him, that their return should be 
^ther desperate or doubtful, therfore he jbiled in his ilBft' 
gination. For the Turks sent him but a smal power, mn 
for a continuance of amity than for amity indeed. UmI 
army travailed far, put the French King to great ctutffBi, 
discovered his country, and did him no service. So that it 
was magis nomen gttam pressidium. 

The contrary wherof proved with the Emperor, who 
through the amity of bis neighbour, the Kii^ of Englaady 
invaded France, and compelled the French King to condi- 
tions of advantage. 

For antient or long continuance of amity : what prinoe 
soever abandoneth the antient amity between him and an- 
other, or between his family and another, putteth hiJEnsdf to 
great adventure, and may be after a maner resembled to 
Esops water dog, that coveting the shadow lost the flesii. 
Because that unto amity there is none §o great a minister as 
tyme : which being once violated, without time again cannot 
be recovered. And seeing that in princes af£nrs, many iiwffi 
a new friendship one way engen&eth breach m old axatj 
another way, it cannot be chosen but the defiling of tbat 
amity must breed extreme displesure in the prince that re- 
ceiveth the injury : whereof foUoweth the mortal hatred of 
an antient assured friend,, for the uncertain amity of a new 
reconciled foe. 

The example wherof hath been wel seen in Louis StcrUy 
late Duke of Milain : who, through his unkind dealing with 


the Venetians, antient jqpproved friends unto his family, fel 
mto the hands of the last Louis French King: in whose 
prism he finished his miserable days. 

For religion, it is necessary the princes that wiU observe 
mcitj be <^ one ofnmcMi: otherwise it is impossible the 
•EiHty should longer continue than necessity compdleth 
tk^one or tb'^other to maintain it. For where are contraij 
apimona of rdigbn, there can be no loi^ agreement And 
tliere is no prince nor jMrivate man so simple, as, if it lay 
in. bis po^er, would not compel the whole world to bdieve 
aa be doth. 

Indeed the Turk within his dominions compelleth no 
iMMft to alter his religion : by reason wherof he is the more 
^ialh peac)?ably to enjoy so large an em{nre. But if he 
dpougbt he might bring al men to Mahomets law, (as he 
l^h. the contrary,) he would use that rigor in religion that 
he doth in other things. And there was never greater folly 
imagined^ than the French Kings device of amity with the 
Turk. For if the Turk observe not faith to the princes of his 70 
owmeligion, but desttt>yeth as many as come once under 
}m power, what faith or amity can he bear to a Christian 
pvvpce? So that if by the Turks means the French King 
mi^t have extirpated the Emperor, (which was the end of 
this desii^ amityt) his own destruction must have foU 
Iqw^ For wijth the Turk, nulla sa/ncta socieias^ nee fides 
regni est. 

Finally, for the princes nature ; if he be a good prince, 
bia amity must needs be preferred before the amity of a ty- 
mQt. Because th'^one doth that willingly, that the other never 
dcrth hut of necessity. 

Wh^rfore I conclude th"* amity of that prince to be best, 
nfttfi ia ne^'est neighbour, most antient friend, aggreaUe of 
IfeGgioiii and good of nature. 

Ate the.leas^f if these four cannot be found in one prince, 
then I think his amity best who is endued with most of 




Mr, Thmtaia fourth discourse to the King; touchi/ng Ui 

Majesty's outward affairs. 

WHAT case your Majesties estate is in, I doubt not but 
your self doth understand. And tho I know there be a 
number about your Highness hable both to care for the re- 
medy of that that is amiss, and also to prevent the innm- 
nent perills necessary to be foreseen: yet because, mee- 
seemeth, some dul effects prove in things that ought to have 
greater life ; therfore, having discoursed somewhat on ttftne, 
my bounden conscience provoketh me to utter mine opimon 
in present things : which I most humbly beseech your Ma- 
jesty to accept, as offered, not of any purpose, either to pre- 
fer mine inventions before the doings of wiser men, or to 
accuse any for neglecting their duties in these cases ; but 
only of the earnest affection I have both -unto our common- 
wealth, and also unto your Highnes, on whom our wealth 

Time was, in the days of your father of famous memorj, 
that this estate, being dread of al our neighbours, needed 
not to esteem any of them more than itself was esteemed. 
But now the case is so altered, that because we are both 
hated and contemned of them al, we, for lack of our own 
estimation, must either esteem them or redeem our estima- 
tion, or els perish. . 

And because there be infinite reasons that threaten us 
with war almost on every hand, therefore it is to be foreseen, 
(as I have written in the discourse of princes amity,) that 
we fal not into such a war, as either we must be a prey to 
th''enemy, or els throw our selves into the lap of a dear pur- 
71 chased friend: th'one or other being equally prejudicial 
unto us. For the remedy wherof, one of two things must be 
won ; either friendship to help us, or time to make our selves 

As for friendship, I se not which way any is to begotten, 
without either our extreme disadvantage, or the denying of 
our faith : neither of which is tolerable. And as I bdieve it 


is impossible we should have any perfect amity with any 
foreign prince that dissenteth from us in religion; so be- 
cause we have no neighbour of uniform reli^on, I deter- 
mine we can find no friend whose amity is to be trusted. 

Wherfore we must of force turn us unto tyme^ to se how 
much we may win therof, and what we may win withal. 
And because neither is our force so ordered, that we may 
trust therby to win oiu* tyme, nor our treasure such as may 
purchase it; therfore our extremest shift is to work by 

We have two puissant princes to deal withal ; the French 
King, a doubtful friend, and the Emperor, a dissembUng 
foe. The one hath don us already displesure; and the 
other we are sure wil do it, if he can. For what quarrel hath 
he to the Germans, but religion ? Wherin he hath sworn 
rather to spend his life, than not to reduce it to his own 
maner. And when he shal have overcomen those few that 
rest, (which are of smal account in respect of his power,) 
where shal he end his fury, but against us ? 

I wot wel some are of opinion that M aydelburgh, with the 
eonfederate cities, shal keep him occupied a while. Some 
other add, that the Grermans are not yet won to the papisti- 
cal sect. And some other reckon upon the Turks comming 
into Hungary. Al which (say they) are impediments sufii- 
dent to occupy the Emperors mind from meddling with 
us. I like those reasons wel; beseeching God they may 
prove as true as they be spoken. But I am persuaded, by 
arguments of greater efiicacy, that the Emperor esteemeth 
this matter of M aydelburgh very httle, and much les the 
Germain Protestants, and least of al the Turk. The reasons 
vherof are too long now to discourse. So that I fear me, 
1|^ shal have sooner brought his purposes those ways to 
jilBBSy than we shal be wel advertised of it. Wherfore, think 
I, we have great cause to mistrust both his practices and 

Oa the other side, the French King is already in the pos- 
iemon of Scotland, and practiseth in Ireland amongst a 
|ieople that loveth liberty ; and that ior every tsmal hope of 


gam wil be ready to revolt. Wherin if he ^oulcl prevai}, we 
might reckon our selves berieged. So that, the cme and othei* 
reckoned, we are not only abandoned of al fnends that msj 
stand us instead, but in maner invironned of enemies. 

Thus I have cast the peril of the worst, to the intent the 
worst might be provided for : for the best will help it setf. 

And because the time doth yet serve us to practise, bat- 
ing no enemy that hitherto hath taken his sword in hand; 
therfore, as we may now common to put them in hope of 
things that we mean not ; and therby win time both to pro- 
vide us of mony, and to order our men : so when time ahal 
72 draw either of their swords, and we unprovided, (as pr^ 
sently we are,) then must we either perish, or be a prey to 
throne of them, or at the best receive intolerable conditkxtt. 
For say what men wil, our power without some fnenddnp 
is of smal substance ; yea, tho we were al as good subjecti 
as Edward III. had ; wheras now I fear me, there be as 
wel hollow as whole hearts to be found. 

And albeit that our quarrel is in God, and Gk)d our 
quarrel, who never faOeth them that trust in him ; yet for- 
asmuch as wickednes reigneth in the midst of us, like as ire 
should not mistrust the goodnes of God, so ought we wi- 
ther to neglect that policy that may help us to advcnd the 
like captivity that for wickednes happened to the elect 
people of Israel. 

And this is my device, 

Your Majesty shal either write or send some trusty 
man with credit to the Emperor, declaring unto him (as he 
knoweth already) in what sort the French King hath ob- 
tained Scotland, and how he practiseth in Ireland ; puipos- 
ing in your tender years to oppress the realm and subjeeta 
And albeit ye mistrust not the Emperors perfect and sincere 
amity, &c. yet to the end ye would join in a streit maner, 
ye would gladly know what his Majesty would require rf 
you; or covenant, that if the French King shoidd iio# 
break with your Highnes, ye might be sure he would abo 
break with France on his part, and generally be firiendd'tD 
friends, and enemies to enemies: 


No doubt he would barken to sucb a message, and witb 
the first would demaund alteration of religion: which I 
think should be the principal point in the treaty on his 
part. Wherfore, as the time served, I would wish the com- 
munication therof not to be refused, and the matter to be 
dissembled, with such practises of delays as may best serve 
to the winning of time : wherof your Majesty shal gather 
two commodities. 

One, that by keeping the Emperor in hope of alteration, 
he may cease from working of that mischief towards you 
and your realm, that the mean time he would surely go 

And the other, the French King may have cause so to 
doubt this league, that I believe he shal not offer to disturb 
you ; which indeed were a great matter. By means wherof 
your Majesty should not only get time more and more to 
establish religion within your realm, but also to put your 
subjects in a readines, and to provide you of mony against 
the time of hostility. And if the time may so long be won, 
that the Emperor dy, whose life cannot long endure, your 
Majesty shall not only be free of this practise, but also free 
of France, who surely shal have enough to do that way. 
' As for the French King, we have peace with him, and no 
cause of breach : but if he pick a quarrel to break, his hope 
of gain shal be so great, that I se no reasonable overture 
of our part sufficient to appease him. And then it is neces- 
sary to threaten, that ye would rather yield in conditions to 
the Emperor, than endure so unjust a war as he for gree- 
dines shal begin. And if you doubt of that agreement stop ^3 
Um not, I cannot devise what should stay him but our own 

. For Scotland, I have no hope of good but one, that the 
governor by our comforts may be inticed to take the crown 
upon him. If be, as he may be thereunto persuaded, we 
ahal not only establish a puissant friend to our selves, but 
also a perpetual enemy to France. The compamng wherof 
liad need to be handled both very secretly and prudently. 
- For Ireland; if there be just cause of suqncioa thai aojr 

VOL. II. PAET II. c c 


of those lords should i^efvolt, let some meaais be ^kvised to 
cal them, or the chief of them, hidier, fls shortly as maybe. 
And here let them be wd entreated, til the next summer 
be spent ; in which time their troth £lhal be tryed : iind 
beside that, their entertainment may alter thcdr malice, if 
there be any ; or at the least establish their allegiance. 

For Denmark ; albeit the King is of our rdigion, and 
the country both, yet they were never our friends. And un- 
les we were more hable with money to hire them, than the 
Emperor or French King are, let us never hope good of 
them. For naturally they are given to the gain ; and of di 
spoils, they deare the spoil of our nation. So that wkh 
little mony they may be hired against us, where a great 
deal of our mony shal scarcely cause them to at stiL Never- 
theles I think it were not amiss to practice wi£h them, as 
long as it turn not to our disadvantage. 

Objections that may be a/rgued to the corUrary. 

To my device of practice with the Emperor, I may be 
answered, that it is dangerous for three causes. 

One, that the knowledge of this practice shal encourage 
the Papists of this realm to be the more obstinate. 

Another, if it be known to Maydelburgh, and the other 
powers that presently defend our religion, it shal be both a 
discourage to them, and a slander to us. 

And third, that when the Emperor shal po-ceive our dal- 
liance with him, it shal set him al on fire, where now he is 
but warm. 

To the first, I reply, that if we quailed in our proced- 
ings at home, the Papists might take courage ; but follow- 
ing earnestly as we have begun, let them hope what they 
wil, the end shal change their minds. And the mean wlrile, 
they shal neither do nor talk. 

And to the second, tho** we would, we are not able to aid 
Maydelburgh, and their fellows, as well for the distance as 
for our own necessity ; having enough to do to save our 
selves. So that they can take no discourage^ where they 
can hope no succour. And for slander, it can be none, un- 


les the slanderoua effect ibUow ; which shal be no part of 
our meaning. And if we esteem the worldly fame, at the 
worst the greater number (I mean the Papists) shal praise 
^usfor the time. 

To the third p<Hiit,:tbe Emperor is ahready so wann, that 
if his fire might ikindle us, we should al bum, uid look for 
none other, but whensoever his time seemeth, he will make 
us amoek indeed. Wherfore, if any thing be to be won at 7^1 
him, it is only time; whioh shal be evil handled if it be 
not drawn one twelve or fifteen months long. And if we 
begpn not this practice, or Maydelburgh be won, the Mta- 
iperor wil afterward precede with us by a maner of conu 
jnandment, rather than by treaty. For when the sword ]» 
shaken .over <hu* .beads, then shal it be too lat$ for us to 
■talk : at the worst, what hurt can we take by this practice ? 
Common aa much as they list, as long as they be not able to 
■compd us, so long we.need not to yield .in any thing unto 
them. And if they may compel, then there is no boot. So 
that wheras .good may come to us of our practice divers 
■ways, I cannot »e which way any hurt may grow of it 
at all. 

For Scotland, it may be said, what peril were it, if the 
ftench Eing.ehojutld .know our practice, and take displesure 
•gainst us ? J aiuwer, the same peril that he is in with ua, 
^.pracljungiin Ireland, b^ng such as ye may be sure shal 
be no cause of war. Yea, it may happen to set such a broyle 
between the governor and him, as may bring them by the 
eon indeed. And as for the . conquest of Scotland, let us 
never look for it. For if we were not able to conquer it, 
■then ve had to do with it alone, much les able are we 
Qow, when we must either conquer France or forbear Scot- 

iMary, for the Irish lords there is peril, uqles the mat- 
tor .be «o huidled, that they may come by way pf tr^l^y, 
^vised upon persuasion of amity. Which, if it may ,be 
^nought to pas, shal serve much to the puqjose. Otherwise 
it may be the cause to make them revolt, if th^perwi^ 
tltnnselves once to be subjected. 



For the realm wUhinwards. 

Two things are principally to be applyed ; the readines 
of men, and a mas of mony. 

Preparation doth not only discourage the enemy, but also 
encourage the subject : who sustaining a suddain war im- 
looked for, waxeth immediately timorous; wha!« beii^ 
warned, he waxeth hardy. 

A people in Illyria, called Acamani, were threatned to be 
destroyed by their neighbours the iEtoli ; insomuch, that 
desperately they armed from the age of fifteen to sixty, as 
many as could bear armour, swearing never to return van- 
quisht : and did not only covenant, that if any fled from 
the battail, they should neither have lodging nor victual 
with any of the nation at home; but also prayed their 
neighbours, the Epiroti, that if they were slain in the bat- 
tail, they would bury them al in one place with this epi- 
taph, Hie siti sunt Aeamani, qui adverims vim iUque inju- 
riam jEtohrum pro patria pugncmtes^ mortem ofxubueruni 
By reason of which determination, the iEtoh, for al thdr 
puissance, gave them over, and suffered them to live in 
quiet. And so it fareth by them that in like extremities do 
valiantly provide for the worst. 

Wherfore mine opinion is, that your Majesty should im- 
mediately cause muster to be taken throughout the realm, 
to se first what every man can make. And let nothing be 
undon that may serve to have men ready in al events, tho' 
jrs ye should never need man. At the worst this one profit 
shal grow of it, those subjects that have their heads occu- 
pied with civil commotions, mistrusting some outward war, 
shal the les think on their mischief at home. And the out- 
ward enemy shal have les mind to offend, where he seetb 
preparation of defence. 

On the other side, let no way be omitted that may bring 
in mony^ to make such a mas as may serve the need. And 
when ye have it, spend no peny of that proportion, whatso- 
ever shift be made for your ordinary charges. This don, I 
think your enemies shal either suffer your Majesty in peace, 
or at the worst have smal advantage of you in war. 


I have siud my foolish opinion touching your Highnes 
exterior af^rs ; I shal efisones humbly heseech your Ma- 
jesty, if I have spoken any thing imprudently, to take my 
ample meamng in good part. For as my desire is to ad> 
vaunce your Highnes aff^rs, if it lay in my power, so if on 
my advice any contrary succes should happen, my mean- 
ing shal deserve no blame. 

There be things also in the present civU governance that 
in mine ojnnion might be amended : wherin if your Ma- 
jesty command me, I shal gladly utter what I think. 

WUIimn Thomas, esq. to the King ; touching the re/brma- 
tion ofihe cmn. 

To the Kings Majesty. 

UPON Friday last Mr. Throgmerton declared your 
Majesties plesure unto me, and delivered me withal the 
notes of cert^ discourses : which, according to your 
Hif^mes commaundment, I shal most gladly apply to send 
Tou one every week, if it be pos^ble for me in so little 
time to compas it. As in very deed it were more than 
easy, if the daily service of mine ofEce required not that 
^great travail and diligence that it doth. 

And becwise he told me your Majesty would first hear 
mine opinion touching the reformation of the coin, albeit 
that I think my self boUi unmeet and unhable to ^ve any 
judgment in so great and weighty a matter, without the 
counul and advice of others, yet ^ce it is your Highnes 
jdesur^ to have it secret, which I do mOch commend, I am 
tberfore the bolder to enterprize the declaration of my ftm- 
tasy ; trusting that upon this ground better devices and bet- 
ter effect may ensue, than my head alone can contrive. - 

And because Mr. Thro^erton is absent, I have deli* 
v&Kd it thus sealed to Mr. Fitz-WLUiacis to deliver i 
your M^esty, as it were a thing irom the Council ;-a 
cc8 ^ 

Sigo A itEPGSltOltY 

your Highnes, that tio creature is or Aal ht p#^ eitbe^ to 
this, dt to atny of the rest, through me. WKicb I cb keep 
so siecret to lihi» end, that your Majesty may uttear dwe 
matters as of your oirti litudy ; Trherby it shfal have Ae 
greater credit with your Council. 

As for the danger to be author of a new thing, (whiA 
when the turn cometh I shai declare at length,) I have a 
wonderful confidence erf surety in your goodnes. B«t at 
the worsty I esteem my Hfc les than the swrvice of my Prinee 
and country. 

I need not to reherse the private respects that should 
move your Majesty to the reformation of your coin : but if 
there were no roo reasons, meseemeth the necessary satis- 
faction of your people in one kind is a sufficient argument 

Plato, in his diatiogaeofHipparchtis De Lucri Cupiditait, 
affirmeth, that al men naturally deare gain ; and after this 
mancr he proveth it, Omnes homines bonum c^etuni, Et 
quia lucrum utiie est, utile vero bomtmy omnes nafura lucrum 
appetufnt. Quodque htsc appetitio naturaiis Idudanda est. 

I wil not dispute of the difference, ordinate and disordi- 
ndte in this desire. But it ia manifest, that al men deaie 
gain ; and when they want the chiefest thing they covet to 
gfdn, then their desire kindleth, and becometh vitioin; 
which engendreth infinite inconveniences. 

Now to prove that your Majesties subjects want thetf 
most desire, I think that no man wil deny that gold and 
silver are the sweetest fruit of al gain ; not for its self, but 
because the having and use therof bringeth man in mancr 
to every thing that he desireth. And because there is no 
one thing can serve him to so many purposes ; therfore of 
consequence there is no one thing that he can so mndi 

If then your subjects want both gold and alver, how can 
their desire be quiet ? Perhaps it shal be answered, they 
want no mony, they have silver in a kind, yea, and gold too, 
tho' they show it not. 

To that I reply, first for the mony, they esteem it so little, 
that they wil employ it to great disadvantage rather than 


keep it : which hteedeth multitude of barguns, and utter 
iflipovenBhipg of the needy. 

And for «ik>er, they have it indeed in such a kind, as they 
nether esteem it fiar silver, nor can without great los use it 
fca- 41ver. 

As for gold, if there be any quantity rem^ing, (as some 
men think hut amal,) it cannot come to light ; because that 
like as the value of our mony doth daily decay, so doth the 
gold encreaae to such value, that lying stil it amounteth 
above the revenues of any land. And he that shall live 
twelve months shal ee, that an old angel shal in value and 
estiniation want little of twelve shillings of our current 
money ; if provision for redress of your Majesties coin be 
not had the rather. 

Thus in mine opinion it appeareth, that the peoples 
diiefest de«re shal kindle, ^ it be not already,) and at 
length must needs bum. For moat commonly they-feel not 
smart or they understand. 

And the more phtgue it is a great deal, by reason that 77 
not &e mean people only, but the middle sort and the great- 
est do suffer for this ; each man in his kind. 

Conclude then, that of extreme neces^ty this coin must 
be rdbnaed, and that without delay. 

Your Majesties most bounden servant, 

William Thomas. 


WiSiam Thtymaa^ esq. to the Kvng ; apologizing for some 

peutagea in Ms discourse concemivg the amendment of. 

the coin, and in his other discourses, writ by the Kvn^* 


PLEASETH your Highnes, as I s^d at the &8t, tho' 
I 60 study these discourses, and am right glad to write the 
best opinions that I can gather, yet I meaned not to be ^ 
a director, as were not glad himself to leam- N^ ' 
cc 4 


trust mine authors so much, as not to mistrust contrary suc- 
cesses, both to their rules and their examples. Nevertheles 
since that providence which men may attain in things, is had 
by study of rules and examples, (for he buyeth it dear that 
hath it only by experience,) most happy is he in al regi- 
ments, that knoweth most arguments to choose the best in 
doubtful cases. Wherfore I shal most humbly beseech your 
Highnes to take my study as a pyke or a quarrel to a deeper 
matter, and with my good wil so to supply my lack, that 
tho' I appear sometime too vehement, or too much assured, 
yet that I be not therfore condemned, since it is not I, but 
the matter as I take it. 

And where indeed I was somewhat earnest for the refor- 
mation of the coins, wherin it pleased your Majesty to com- 
mand my opinion ; truly my zele to my country did so 
prick me, that I could not forbear to exclaime against the 
fault ; like as for the redress, I am not yet dissuaded firom 
my device. For tho^ I understand there be other argu- 
ments perchance better than mine, yet I like not his opinioQ 
that in this case groundeth himself on malum bene conditm 
ne moveas. For mMum it is indeed, but conditum it is not, 
and bene it wil never be. Wherfore necesse est mffoeri. 
And this I dare stand to in argument, that where I devised 
an exaction of 12d. in the pound, if the mony thus continue, 
your Majesty, by reason of the mints, shal exact above foA. 
of the pound ; and yet be undon your self at length, unles 
ye purchase land withal. 

And whether it hath made your Majesty rich or no, I 
cannot tel, but I am sure this coinage, since the first begin- 
ning, hath exacted upon your subjects already above 8*J. 
in the pound, 
78 As for their frivole reasons, that allege three parts of the 
four through the realm to fare the better for it, I will not 
say that either they understand Jittle of policy, or els they 
would be glad to become commoners themselves ; but this 
I dare avow, there is not one of a hundred, no, not one of 
a thousand, that is contented with this coine. 


Helas! Can we suffer neither fault nor remedy P neither 
var nor peace P 

Your Majeeties most humble serrant, 

WiDiam Thomas. 

Sir PhiUp Hobi/, the King's ambaaaador at the Emperor's 

Court, to the Duke (^Somerset, concermng the interim : 

From Augshw^. 

IT may please your Grace to understand, that the 28th toW. ybr. 
day of the last month the Bishop of Homes legate, that'^*'^''' 
came last hither, had audience of the Emperors Majesty, 
with whom he was a long while. And the same day both 
he and the old legate dined with Grandevela ; where passed 
much familiarity and fiiendly entert^nment on both parties. 
On Friday was sevenight the French ambassadors brother 
eame hither in post What news he bringeth I cannot 
learn; but the morrow after his coming the ambassador 
was with the Emperor, and had with his Majesty long con- 
ference. Of these things had I no perfect knowledg undl 
nithin these four days ; and therfore could not advertise of 
ihexa by my last letters. 

The Emperor, the diet being now finbhed, convrateth 
his whole study to the setting forth of the interim ; which 
it is Bind he is earnestly bent to cause these people in- 
violably to observe. He useth to bring his purpose to pas 
sundry ways ; and attempteth first by fair means to allure 
them to foUow his wil. But if this way shal take no place, 
it is thought, as partly hath been already' experienced, he 
wil not fiiil to use extremity. The fear wherof hath caused 
many to relent, that els would have hardly been brought to 
grant to the interim. The three townes, Constance, Ar- 
gentine, and Lynda, as in my last letters I wrot unto your 
Grace, have not yet granted unto the interim. And, namely, 
Lynda; which having first (as by my letters of the S6 of 
the last month I adverted your Grace) utterly rt^ 


grant thereto; being then by the Emperore Counci}, aA^r 
they had wel laugh'^d at them, willed, under the pretence of 
pity, to take better adviee^ and to copsuh: together again, and 
make some wiser answer, have now, on Wednesday last, sent 
their secretary hither ; who on the behalf of the whole 
town hath declared unto the Emperors Council, that ac- 
79coi'^iig to their commandment they have eftsones assem- 
bled their whole commonalty, and generally al their whole 
town together. Where they have ripely considered the et 
fSects of the inierim, and taken advice and opinion of sun- 
dry wel learned and godly men therin: and finally have 
perceived, that it is far disagreable from the word of God, 
whose law and commandments they a,re bound upon pain of 
damnation to observe. Which having a special Tegiird unte^ 
and fearing more the threatnings of Go(}, and b^s just indig- 
nation towards the neglecters of his wil and SicnptHre, than 
the los pf goods, life, or any other tempcnra} thing; they 
have resolved, in conclusion, not to accept or agree in any 
condition therunto: which is theif resolute ansuffer. But 
to the end the Emperors Majesty shal not think this to pro- 
cede of any obstinacy or disobedience towards bipi^ (whom 
they do acknowledg to be their prince and superior,) they 
wil not, they say, refuse or resist whatsoever k shal please 
him to dispose of them. Their gates shal npt be shut to 
any of his soldiers en* men, either Spanyards or Italians, 
(with whom they have been oftentimes threatned,) nor any 
oth^ that it shal like him to send ; they wil not withstand, 
nor againsay his plea^ire therin. Yea they are content he 
take, if he list, their goods and lives from them : which he 
shal not need by strong hand to go about; it shal suffice 
him to commaifid them, and they wil, they i^y, gladly offer 
their heads to the block. 

This- answer of so smal a corner was not a little i)(rondred 
at of the hearers, and their boldnes and constancy had in 
much admiration, Grandevela threatned the utter des<^ 
tion of them and their town : but yet I cfinnot he^r of any 
thing hath been don to thenpu Const^ce is not yet recon- 
ciled^ and therfore, as enemy to the f^miperpr, hfive not hi- 


dbpte bdefl i«qi»red to answer. And Argcndney bein^ 
Mtf kttefy caonomanded to deckce thenr mind, have not jret 
Inp^ught in tlMir respol»tlon. 

The I>ake of Wirtimburgh, having received from the 
Einperor the m^mm, with commandment to se it take place, 
jttid lo be obs^red throughout bfe coimtry, it is- reported 
he did not then make any countenance to disobey the Em* 
{Hirers iril herein ; but received his commission very reve- 
n^xdiy. And i^ortty after sufiering the interim to go abroad^ 
flSd the EiXipei^ors commisnioners appointed for that purpose 
te dCft it ficoth, as: it liked them ; suddenly, without any men- 
tinti mode of the interim^ or as tho^ he thought nothing 
liter^, (as I helff lay he is a man somewhat aged, and merry^ 
6E)&eiffted, when- he list,) he caused proclamation to be made 
ift Us eofontry, that each person, for every time they heard 
inai^ should pay unto him eight duckats of gold. He for<* 
bltd not the mas to be said, but would have the hearers pay 
Um his tribute. This thing, tho^ it be commonly reported, 
I da not greatly credit : yet to the intent your Grace may 
f&ceeive the imaginations and fantazies of men here, I have 
thought good among the rest to place this report 

Oft Friday last Grandevela dined with the old Duke cf 

fkbsosfty : unto whom^ after dinner, he remembred the Em* 

perms deraency towards him; how gently he had been, 

tiiMae hiR coming to the Emperors power, ordered : which 

Mm Miyesty^ he said^ did nothing forethink, but thought the 80 

ili^Uttie tight Wei bestowed, and would continue his goodnes 

homsard^ Mm, and do more for him than he was ware of, if 

fae would now isatisfy his request And here Grandevela 

declared unto him the effect of the interim^ which, he smd, 

ibe Etjoparor had, upon grounded considerations, and for the 

^uietnes of al Germany, set forth ; and the same for the 

^e rei^ects, he said, was of al the princes, and most of die 

eominoiialty, embraced and willingly received. He desired 

and vrilled him therfore, on his Majesties behalf, that he idso 

wcmld shew himsdf conformable and graait therto ; which 

rfiould, he said, be right acceptable to his Majesty, and not 

unpn^table to hkn. To this the Duke answered, that he 


was now in the Emperors power, his Majesty might do 
with him, and use his carcas as it liked him : he nrither 
could nor would resist his pleasure therin ; but humbly be- 
sought his Majesty, he would not press him to grant to this 
thing, which, he said, being as it is against the word and 
law of Grod, he would not agree unto, tho"* he wist to dy 
for it 

With this answer Grandevela went to the Emperor ; who 
having heard the Dukes mind, was much moved therewith, 
and sent Grandevela back again to him. Who,1)y the Em- 
perors order, first commanded three hundred Spanyards, 
more than the accustomed band, to be ready, and ward the 
Dukes lodging. And then went he to the Duke, and shewed 
him the Emperors pleasure, seing he so obstinately refused 
to grant to his request, that the order, which ^as prescribed 
at his taking, should now be straitly observed, and no more 
gentlenes and courtesy shewed unto him, seing it could so 
little prevail. And forthwith he caused al the daggs and 
other weapons, that the Dukes servants had there in the 
house, to be sought out and brought unto him ; which he 
immediately sent away. And wheras the- Duke had then 
about him above seventy servants, he sent them al away, 
saving twenty seven ; which is the number allowed him by 
the order appointed at his first taking. He also sent from 
him his preacher, whom he threatned with fire, if he hasted 
not forth of this country. His cooks and other ofiicers were 
also commanded, upon pain of burning, they should not 
from thenceforth prepare or dress for him any fle^ upon 
the Fridays or Saturdays, or on other fasting days com- 
manded by the Romish church. In this straitness remain- 
eth the Duke now : wherewith he seemeth to be so little 
moved, as there can be no alteration perceived in him, ather 
by word or countenance ; but is even now as marry, and as 
content to tlie utter shew, as he was at any time of his most 

Grandevela's son, called Monsieur de Shantonny, who 
was sent to Spain to carry the news, and present the con- 
clusion of the spousals between the Arch Duke of Austriche, 


siHi to the King of the Romans, and the Emperors daughter, 
is nor four days past returned to this Court, with the answer 
at the s^d ladies conformity, and consent of the estates of 
Spain herein. He was immediately dispatched in post by 
(he £mperor, to cary these news to the King of the Romans; 
who, as by my last letters I wrote unto your Grace, de- 
parted hence on Monday last. 

This town is stil ful of Scottish wars, and of the French 8 
asastance there, which I warrant you is bragged out to the 
Dttermost: wheronto I am not able to make any direct 
answer, for want of advertisement from thence. My hope 
IB, your Grace ml consider this my grief, and help to relieve 
it. Herewith it may please your Grace to recave the order 
<^ tile publication and condu^ou of this last diet, and the 
. articles agreed upon in the same, which Jc^n Bemardine 
hath gotten. Thus Almighty Crod preserve your Grace, 
and send you most happy succes in al your aflmres. From 
Aiupurge, the 9th day of July, anno 1548. 

Your Graces at commandment, 

Phelyp Hoby. 


77te Cor^esaion qfSir Wmiam Sharingtotii concermrtff his 
Jravds vn c<miiiff the King^s raoney. 

In the Tower, tKe second of Febroary 1548. 

I, Sir William Sharington, knight, humbly acknowledgM 
and confess, that I have offended the King his Majestic and ^ 
his laws. First, in that, contrary to the prohitttion sent 
unto me, and without warraunt, I coyned testons in the 
moneths of May, June, and July, in the yere of our Lord 
1647, to a great sum ; but the certenty therof I know not. 

And also in the clyppings or shearinga of the mony, I 
defrawded his Highnes veary moche, but how moche I c 
not be certen ; but I am sure it was above iiii m. li. j^ 
by, upon a de^re of my own gt^e, I piade i 
l^t out of the remedy. 


I -do iho confess, that when the moneihly dcmigs or dboob 
were brought unto me, I did use every moneth to istxike 
out as modi as I thought good : and to th^entent I nu^t 
the better do so, I falsified th^endentures of the ooynage, 
and burned al such bokes, indentures, and -writings, as mi^t 
justly have charged me. But to what sum I deoeyved ins 
Majesty by this meane, I am not able to exrpress; but sure 
I am it amounteth to a 'notable sum, moch more than al 
that I have will be able to pay. 

For the which my said offences, and ol other, I subnut 
my self wholly to his Highnes mercy, and acknowledgmy 
«elf most worthy death and heynous punishment ; jmd.imlj 
trust of his Highnes mercy and perdon, by the goodnesof 
my L. Protector his Grace, -who hath hitherto ben mait 
merciful to al men. 

•Humbly, of my knees, and with a most woful hert, :t 
man most ashamed of my deads of aay man lyvii^; !»• 
quiring not justice to be executed towards me, .butiHieny. 
And what fortune or lyf God shal put into the King*s Ma- 
82 jesty, my L. Protector his Grace, and the Counsayles minds 
to geve me, that must nedes be better then my deserts. 
And T shal take that thankfully, as of the benefit oonly, and 
dayly prey for ther estate, with most herty preyer and 
request to Almighty God. 

F.Shrewsbury. W. Sharington. 

Thomas Southampton. 
T. Smith. 


A pious prayer ofQauxen Kaihcmne Parre ; by her comf^ 
in short ejaculcUions stdied to her condition, 

MSS. D. MOST benign Lord Jesu, grant me thy grace, that it 
1^*^^^ * may alway work in me, and persevere with me unto the end. 
Grant me, that I may ever desire and wil that which is 
most pleasant and most acceptable unto thee. 

Thy wil be my wil, and my wil be to follow always thy 

01^ <0BJl6tKAlS. 999 

li^t th&tt he alway in ^me ^fie wil imd 6iBie njeinre with 
thee, and that I have no desire to wil^dr^ot to ^5 but^ 
Apti wilt. 

Lord, thou kndwest nrhatt thing is ^ost profitable atnd 
iHolrt expedient for me. 

Give me therfore Wh^t thou wilt, as mudh tus thou 'wilt, 
and when thou wik. 

Do Math me what thou wilt, as it shal please thee, and as 
ihal be mest to Ihine honor. 

Put ttie where thou wilt, and ^freely do with me in all 
things after thy will. 

9:*hy isrealure I am, and in thy hands ; 'lead me and turn 
rae 'where thou wilt. 

liO! I am thy siertant, ready to al things that thou 00m- 
inaai^ei^t : for I desire^not to live to my "self, but to thee. 

Lord Jesu ! I pray thee grant me grace, diat I neveri^t 
my heart on the things of this world, but that al carnal and 
worldly 'tfeodbns may utterly dy and be mortified in me. 

•Grabt me above al things, that I may rest in thee, and 
fully quiet and pacify my heart in thee. 

J^or diDu, Lord, art the vefy true peace ^f^heart,'and the 
perfect rest of the soul; and without thecal things be griev- 
Cius'ttud unquiet. 

My Ldrd Jesu, I beseech thee be wi^me in every place, 
and -at al 'times; and let it be to me a special sokce, gladly 
for to love to lack all worldly solace. 

Attd if thou withdraw thy comfort from me at any time, 
keep me, O Lord, from separation, [desperation,] and make j 
tne patiently to abide thy will and ordinance. 

O Lord Jesu, thy judgments be righteous, and thy pro- 83 
iddeftiGe is much better fen* me than al that I can imagin or 

Wherfore do with me in al things as it shal please thee. 

For it may not be but wel, al that thou dost. 

If thou wilt that Lbe in light, be thou blessed ; if thou 
Vnlt that I be in darknes, be thou also blessed. 

If thou vouchsafe to comfort me, be thou highly blessed; 


and if thou wQt I ly in trouble and without comfott, be 
thou likewise ever blessed. 

Lord, give me grace gladly to sufler whatsoever thou wih 
flhal fal upon me, and patienUy to take at thy hand good imd 
bad, bitter and sweet, joy and sorrow : and for al things thu 
shal befat unto me hciuljly to thank thee. 

Keep me. Lord, &om Eon, and I shal then dread n^thet 
death nor hell. 

O t what thanks ought I to ^ve unto thee, which hntit 
suffered the grievous death of the cross to deliver me from 
my nns, and to obtiun everlasting life for me P 

Thou gavest us most perfect example of patience, ful- 
filling and obeying the wil of thy Father, even unto death. 

Make me, wretched unner, obediently to use my self after 
thy wil in al things, and patiently to bear the burtheo of 
this corrupt life. 

For tho' this life be tedious, and as a heavy burthen to my 
soul, yet nevertheles through thy grace and by example of 
thee, it is now made much more easy and comfortable, tbao 
it was before thy incarnation and paseaon. 
 Thy htiy life b our way to thee, and by following of that 
we walk to thee that art our head and Saviour. And except 
thou hadst gon before, and shewed us the way to everlasting 
life, who would endeavour himself to foDow thee, seeing we 
be yet so slow and dul, having the light of thy blessed ex- 
ample and holy doctrin to lead and direct us ? 

O Lord Jesu, make that posable by grace that is to rae 
impossible by nature. 

Thou knowest wel, that I may little suffer, and that I am 
soon cast down and overthrown with a little adversity. 
Wherfore I beseech thee, O Lord, to strengthen me with 
thy Spirit, that I may willingly suffer for thy sake at mans 
of troubles and afflictions. 

Lord, I wil knowledge unto thee al mine unrighteousnes, 
and I wil confes to thee al the unstahlencss of my heart 

Oftentimes a very little thing troubleth me sore, aod 
maketh me dul and slow to serve thee. 



And sometimes I purpose to stand strongly ; but when a 
little trouble cometh, it is to me great anguish and grief; 
and oi a right little thing riseth a grievous temptation to me. 

Yea, when I think my self to be sure and strong, as it 
seemeth I have the upper hand, suddenly I feel my self 
ready to fal with a little blast of temptation. 

Behold therfore, good Lord, my weakness, and consider 84 
my frailnes, best known to thee. 

Have mercy on me, and deliver me from al iniquity and 
^n, that I be not intangled therewith. 

Oftentimes it grieveth me sore, and in a maner confound- 
eth me, that I am so unstable, so weak, and so frail in resist- 
ing sinful motions. , 

Which altho^ they draw me not away to consent, yet never- 
theless their assaults be very grievous unto me. 

And it is tedious to me to live in such battail, albeit I per- 
ceive that such battail is not unprofitable for me : for therby 
[ know the better my self and mine own infirmities, and that 
[ must seek help only at thy hands, &c. 

It is to me an unpleasant burthen, what pleasure soever 
the world offereth me here. 

I desire to have inward fruition in thee, but I cannot at- 
tain therto, &c. And to a great length are these pious 
breathings of the soul of this excellent Qiieen extended. 

. .it"i ^j^i.t**!-*"'; I ■,;•■* *'• 

▼OI.. HI. PABT lU 



85 ZZZ. 

An account of the King's sales of chantries, colleges^ S^cii 

the second year of his reign. 

Book of 

Chantry, coUegCf hospital, 
guild, Hfc. 

The chantry upon the 
bridge of great Totneys in 
the county of Devon, and 
other lands. 

Chantry of St. Maries 
within the parochial churdi 
of Chard, count. Somerset, 
and other lands. 

College of S. Joh. Bap- 
tist of Stoke, juxta Clare 
in com. Suffolk, &c. 

Capital messuage and te- 
nement called Catford, ly- 
ing in Lewisham in Kent, 
lately belonging to the coll. 
of Corpus Christi, near the 
church of S. Laur. Fount- 
ney, Lond. &c. 

Chantry in the parochial 
church of S. Mich. Coslam, 
in the city of Norw. &c. 

Tlie college of the name 
of Jesu, in Bury S. Edm. 
Suff. &c. 

The messuage and house 
called the Trinity hal, o~ 
therw^ise the common hal 
80 of ,.the fraternity or guild 
pi the Trinity founded in 
the ch. of S. Botolph with- 
out Aldersgate. And 8 
meases commonly called 
the Trinity aily, &c. 

Three messuages, tene- 
ments, &c. in S. Mary Al- 
dermary, London, belong- 
ing to tiie chantry at the 
altar of S. Joh. Baptist in 
the chappel neer the paro- 
chial church of Aldermary 
aforesaid, upon the char- 
nel there, commonly called 
Exportes chauntry,hnd di- 
rers otlier lands, &c. 

Yearly valne. 

21 ob. 

44 8 Og. 
5 4 11 

3 6 8 

18 2 4 

6 11 2 oh, 

98 6 ob. 



397 4 ^ob. 

1417 1^ 9o*. 

958 3 hob. 





18 4 6 

18 16 

45 8 
1 12 6 

2034 14 10 

492 11 8 

497 8 


689 7 4 


John Peter ti 
John Bogan. 

John Whitebor 
and John Bayly. 

John Cheke ai 
Walter Moyle. 

Will. More. 

Edw. Warner, ki 
and Ric. Catlia. 

Rich. Corbet. 

Will. Hawy, all 

Walter Young M 
Edward Young. 



9 college, kospi- 
l, guild, 8fc, 

i chauntry, called 
Is chauntry in Bar- 
in Cambridg, &c. 
Iiauntiy of S. Joh. 
8t,and S J.Baptist, 
imacres chauntry, 
irish of Wickham, 
lanotry of Heding 
18 Hedningbam Si- 
mitat. Essex, &c. 
bauntry of Cober- 
ee cbappel in Cas- 
inity in tbe county 
cum pertinentiis. 
[^bauntries in Wi- 
in Essex, and tbe 
3f Albiiis belong. 

isuagc, tenement, 
^age in the county 
\et, belonging to 
ntry of S. Maries 
vdtbin tbe church 
•inity of Dorcbes- 

sept, scite, circuit 
incts of the college 
few Work of Leic. 
ly called the New 
allege in tbe town 

launtry of Harrow 
in tbe church of 
upon the Hil in 
»; and divers o- 
Is, &c. 

age and tenement 
ie Bel, and other 
nd tenements, &c. 
jish of S. Katharin 
Th, given to main- 
[)riest to celebrate 

ssbal chauntry in 
idow, in the county 
, &c. 

bauntry in the pa- 
:hurcb of Kirkeby 
at. Lane, 
bauntry of Great 

Yearly value. 


69 6 2q, 958 17 7 o(. Thomas Wendy 

and John Barton. 

17 19 6 

8 14 5 

2 15 4 

8 12 

2 13 4 

13 9 

6 7 2 

8 7 2 

21 10 4 

9 6 

10 18 8 

10 10 10 

1 9 4 

2 18 
1 12 
1 6 

13 6 

16 6 8 

8 17 8o5. 

9 2 

6 15 

In considera- 
tion of service. 

324 6 

206 8 

339 18 

149 11 8 


12 10 8 

453 6 4 

742 8 6 

219 7 

562 12 1 

148 10 

314 19 10 

Alex. Priogd. 

John Lucas^esq. 

Wil. Bridges, kt. 

Walter Cely. 

Fraun. Samwel 
and John Byll. 


Joh. Beaumont, 
esq. and William 

William Gyes and 
Michael Purefcy. 

Giles Harrison. 

John Mildmay. 

Thomas Stanley. 
Thomas TyrrcU 




Chanir$ff college y hospUalAYearly value, 
guild, Sfc. 

Sunpford in Essex, &c and 
the diauntry of Iselham in 
the county of Cambr. 

The ff uild or fraternity of 
S. Trinity and S. Job. Bap- 
tist, in the parochial ch. of 
Shepton MaUet in Somers. 

llie messuage and tene- 
ment, and al shops, cellars, 
&c. situate witlun Christs 
church within Newgate, 
Lond. for the sustentation 
of a priest to celebrate in 
the chnrch of Hackney in 
Middlesex, &c. 

The rectory and free 
chappel of S. Leonards in 
the parish of HolUngton in 
Sussex ; and the chauutry of 
LewtOD founded in Awton 
Gifinrd in Devon, &c. 

Messuages, lauds, and 
tenements, &c. situate in 
the parislies of Chrisale 
10 Essex, and Edelmeton, 
lately belonging to the 
chauutry of S. George the 
QO Martyr, within the cathe- 
dral church of Heref. and 
divers other, &c. 

Messuage and tenements 
called the Plough, and o- 
ther lands, houses, &c. ly- 
ing in Faiter- lane, Lond. be- 
longing to the fraternity of 
S. Sithe in the church of 
S.Andrews, Holborn. 

The chauutry of Sprot- 
ton in the county of North- 
ampton, and al the mes- 
suages, mills, &c. 
. House in Bunbury in 
the county of Chester, call- 
ed the cliauntry -house, be- 
longing to the chauutry or 
chauntries of two priests 
or clarks, lately founded 
in the parochial church of 
Bunbury, called Sir Rafe 
JEgertons chauntry. 

Lauds and pastures, &c. 
lying in Westibam in Essex, 
and al that land, contain- 
ing by estimation an acre 
and half, in Lay ton, Essex, 
given to the sustentation of 
an anniversary, &c. 

14 i; 8 


1 19 
4 10 

2 12 8 

17 1 11 


G 8 

I 9 7 
3 19 6 

31 15 6 

19 16 8 

12 15 4 



85 15 7 ob. 
5 4 

357 4 

894 4 2 

1154 15 

311 16 

643 16 10 

448 7 4 

435 16 8 

1924 10 1 

John Honer. 

Tho. PcTfse 
and William 

Job. Keyme sd 
lUchard Keyme 

Tho. Crawley. 

Thorn. Bartlet 
and Rich. Mod] 

Silvester Taver 
and J. Hyndc. 

Tho. Bromeleyi 

Tho. Goldifig « 
Walter Cclye. 


collegCi hospitat, 
ruild, Sfc, 

Dtry in Sevenoke 
and the messuage 
!inent called the 
-house, &c. 
m and tenement, 
e mansion-house 
illcge or new-hal 
tiintrey within the 
ells, &c. 

ms chappel, called 
chappel of Green- 

)llegc of S. John 
of Shoteshroke in 

and rectory of 
rn in Nottingh. 
f to the priory or 
)f S. Johns of Je- 
n England. 

anor of Colbridge 

belonging to the 

f S. Stc. Westm. 

auors of Awbcry, 
mm, and Charle- 
ilts; parcel of the 
n and rents of the 
f S. Mary and Al- 
' Fothcringhay in 
pt. &c. 

iges and tene- 
lled Boyesy in Fal- 
''oles'buut Knights, 
parcel of the guild 
nity of S. George 
rish of S. Mary tlie 
L Walden, &c. 

try of Pensehurst 

t mcssui^ge or te- 
in Chanon-row, 
belonging to the 

Yearly value. 

39 8 8 

15 4 

2 13 8 

3 7 
8 9 1 

3 10 4 
1 6 8 

4 13 4 


28 9 2 

27 19 7 

In considera- 
tion of service. 

963 8 

23 2 6 

5 1 Hob. 

2 16 4ob, 

1 18 

Non patet 

1 13 

2 5 








947 17 

728 2 

In considera- 
tion of the rec- 
tory of East- 
bech, and in 
performance of 
K. H^nryVlll. 
his will. 

749 17 lob. 



Will. Twiadeti 
and John Brown. 

John Ayleworth 
and Will. Lacye. 

Rob. Hockeland. 

Tliomas Weldon 

Wil. Bumel. 

Edward Wotton^ 

2808 4 10 ob, 
and in conside- 
ration of an ex- 
change of woods, 
land8> &c. in 
E^sex, and in 
performance of 
K. Henries wil. 

346 4 10 

Wil. Sharingtou, 

15 8 

8 18 Sq. 


57 3 4 

5 3 4 

John Wells. 

214 8 6 

1477 15 8 


George Harper, 
kt. and Rich. 

Sir Michael Stan- 
hope and John .. 




Chantry f coUeg^e, hasjntal, 
gruild, 8cc. 

college of S. Stephens, and 
divers other laiidt> &c. 

The free chappel of 
nine in the parish of 
Havton in Nott &c. 

The channtry or free 
chappel of S. Mary of Wit- 
ney, Ox. &c 

The fraternity or guild 
of Loton iu Bedf. and 
91 Hert and al the guild in 
Hitchyn in Hertf. and the 
whole house and mansion, 
commonly called the BrO' 
therhed house^ situate in 
Hitchyn, &c. 

The chauntry of Swyn- 
ford in Leic. and al the 
messuage called the chaun- 
try house, &c. 

The capital house and 
scite of the college of Whit- 
tington in the parish of S. 
Michaels Pater Noster, 
London, &c. 

The chauntry called 
Barheleys chauntry ffound- 
ed in the parochial church 
of Meere in Wilts, &c. 

Yearly value. 

1 15 1 

3 4 5 


25 3 

Manor of Bettiscomb in 
the county of Dorset, be- 
longing to the college of 
S. Stevens, Westm. 

The farm and barton of 
Eynston in the parish of 
Henx-street in Somers. be- 
longing to the chauntry of 
S. Katharins in Ilminster 
in the said county, &c. 

Five messuages in Be- 
verly in the county of York, 
called the mansion houses 
of the late prebendaries of 
the prebends of S. Peter, 
S. James, S. Stephen, S. 
Q2 Katharine, and S. Martin, 
founded in the late col- 

7 3 
2 13 

6 q. 



16 16 8 

23 11 9 
7 16 11 
2 2 

10 16 

2 17 5 

2 14 5 

3 10 4 
10 6 8 

4 6 8 

575 1 

427 19 9 

1036 14 4 

404 12 


Tbo. Swifte u 
William Swifte. 

WUL Boxe. 

Elanul. Bargba 
Rob. Beverley. 

22 11 

77 11 




2 oh, 


14 10 
12 3 

28 2 4 oh. 

36 3 11 
25 13 4 

23 13 1 q, 
4 1 8 

92 2 



2731 8 9 ob, John Tbyune, 
and Laure 
Hyde, gent. 

661 8 O7. 

1297 10 

506 9 11 

Rich. Randal. 

lliomas Bell, 
and Rich. Du 

Mich. SUnbo 
kt. and Job. £ 



yt coOeget hospital, 
guild , ISfc, 

f Beverly, and di- 

messnafl^ and te- 
nown by the name 
Imes college in the 
)f S. Gregory, Lend, 
belonging to the 
7 commonly called 
t chauntry, 
e cottages or tenem. 
*ee gardens belong- 
reunto, in East Kir- 
he county of Line. 

the occupation of 
banterists of the 
7 of East Kirby, 

3r of Cbedworth in 
mty of Glouc. and 
e of the college of 
h in Staff. &c. 

ntry of Aston in 
neer Brymingham 
*w. and the house 
nsion of the chaun- 
id the manor of 
, &c. 

ntry called Hotosts 
y in Orset in the 
of Essex, &c. 

ntry of S. Mary 
en in Sprouston in 
ity of Norf. and di- 
ler lands, &c. 
free chappel called 
%se chappel in the 
of Cranebroke in 
nd the whole scite, 
)mpas, and circuit 
Eud chappel, &c. 
e and scite of the 
of Snelleshal in 
and al the manor 
ington, &e. 

chauntry called 
mi chauntry in 
1 in the county of 
and the chauntry 
Tenet ChUds, alias 

Yearly value. 

72 4 S 
8 2 8 

21 15 

9 3 

1 10 8 

1 10 
3 3 



38 16 10 

5 7 7 
17 1 8 
72 14 8 

3 7 7 

2 17 10 

1 14 4 
18 5 

9 6 

2 19 6 

3 6 8 

3 10 10 

78 4 


1289 7 6 


John Hulson and 
WA, Pendred. 

606 9 0o6. 

Rich. GoodHck & 
Wil. Breton. 

1286 5 7 


146 7 9o6. 

11 11 
9 12 


John Earl of War- 
wic, Ric. Forset, 
and others. 

1522 16 3 

532 13 4 


262 3 8 

Partly in ex- 
change, and 
partly in ful- 
filling of the 
will of K. Hen. 

508 2 

Rich. Pallady and 
Frauncis Foxhal. 

Clement Cysley & 
John Leeds. 

Rob. Southwel,kt. 
and John Corbet 

John Baker, kt 9^ 

Thomas Palmer, 

Gilbert Claydou & 
Rob. Baiker. 

Dd 4 



Chtmirff oMege, kotpUai,. 
guild, Sfc. 

the chauntry of S. Mary 
de Wittham in Essex. 

The chaontrf of S. Anne 
de le Gon in* Shaftou in 
Dorset, and the free chap- 
pel of Little Mayne in 
Dors, and the chaantry 
of Langton, called GUdon 
chauntry, founded in the 
parochial church of Lang- 
ton, &c. 

Chauntry of Pepingbury 
in Kent> &c. 

The church of Bablack 
in the city of Coventry, 
parcel of &e guild of the 
sud dty> called Trinity 

The free chappel called 
S, MargareU ehappel in 
Tadingston, Suff. and the 
chauntry adled Depden in 
Kent, &c. 

The chauntry called our 
QA iMdy chauntry in Acton 
in Suff. and the manor of 
Bowerhal in Essex, be- 
longing to Mills chauntry 
in Melford in Suff. &c. 

The messuage, tene- 
ment, and inn, called the 
Helmet in Kings-street, 
Westm. and an house of an 
inkecper within the said 
messuage belonging to S. 
Stephens coll. Westm. 

Tlie chauntry of Hat- 
field Broad Oak in Es- 
sex, &c. 

The chauntry of S. Mary 
Magdalen in tiie parochial 
church of Cross Thwaite 
in Cumberl. &c. 

Yearly valueA Jhtrchate, I Purchmr, 

2 19 4 ob. 

3 6 

1 10 

2 5 


569 2 10 

11 9 Odiq. 
Non patet 

14 19 6ob. 

19 6 
6 13 4 

The chappel and scite 
of the chappel of the As- 
sumption of the Bl. Virgin 
Mary, upon the bridge of 
the town of Bristol, &c. 

The chauntry of S. Mary 
in Alfrcton in the county 

13 8 

8 3 1 

5 5 8 

1 6 8 

253 8 

342 2 2 


562 5 4 

5 13 4 
1 2 
31 14 




6 8 11 
6 19 2 

3 2 8o6 

19 6 

59 3 1 


7 8 8 
2 17 

821 11 9 

1696 14 10 


347 10 

Thomas Boiky 


The city of 4 

John Eari of ( 
ford, and H* 



Rich. Andeley 
Job. Rede. 

Walter Farre 
Rafe Standish. 

Thorn. Brendc 

The raaior 
commonalty ol 
city of Bristol. 

Thorn. Babing 



/, coUege, hospiial, 
guild, 8fc, 

J, and the scite of 
pital of Castleton 
nd coQDty, and di- 
ler lands, &c. 
tiam ckauntiy in 

chaontry called 
odes in the parish 
Ifoats S. Peters in 

free chappel of Ar- 
iteknights in Son- 
1 Berks, &c 

« messnages in 
-street, Westmin. 
of the land of the 
ity or guild of S. 
founded in the 
of S. Margaret. 
I. &c. 

Yearly value. 

2 1 




10 17 6 

1 13 4 


1 3 4 
1 16 

12 18 10 

31 3 2 

Purchate, I Purchaser* 

407 4 


382 7 8 

674 3 6 

John White and 
SteF. KyrtDQ. 

Robert Drary, kt. 

Henry Foisted and 
William More. 

Will. Chester and 
Christopher Nede- 




Archbishop Cranmer^a Treatise of Unwritten Verities, 

MSS. D. IN the day of Pentecost, whan the Holy Ghoofit de- 
gV ^j^^ scended upon the apostles and discyples of Chryst, they 
recey ved suche grace and goostly knowlege, that they hade 
forthwith the gyfte of the understandynge of Scrypture, to 
speak in the tonges of al men : and also that upon whomso" 
ever they layde theyr handes, the Holy Ghoste should de- 
scend upon them : and therupon they by theyr preachyng 
and good doctryn converted in short tyme great multitudes 
of people unto the fayth of Christ. And after that, dyyers 
blessed men in strength of the fayth, wrote the lyfe, mi- 
racles, doctryne, passion, death, and resurrection of our 
mayster Chryst : but four of those writings were only re- 
ceyved by al the whole Church of Chryst, that is to say, of 
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. And they receyved them 
to be of such auctoryty, that it should not be lawful to any 
man that would confess Chryst, to deny them. And they 
were called the Jour Gospels of Christ And the Epystles of 
. Paul, the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles that be caDed 
canonyTce^ and the Apocalyps, were receyved to be of lyke 
auctoryty as the Gospels were. And thus by assent as wel 
of the people as of the clergy, was the New Testament 
afF3rrmed to be of such auctoryty as it is now taken to be of, 
and as it is of indede : so that it is not lawful to deny any 
thyng that it aflfirmeth, ne to affirme any thyng that it deny- 
eth. And it is no mervayle though it be taken to be of such 
strength. For it was auctorysed, whan the people that were 
newly converted to the fayth were ful of grace and of devo- 
tion, replenished with vertues, desyryng al way the lyfe to 
come, and the helthe of thejrr own souls, and of theyr 

Than also were blessed bishops, blessed preestes, and 
other blessed persons of the clargy. And what could such 
men ask of God ryght wisely, that sholde be denyed them ? 
And who may thynk, but that they, and al the people at the 


said auctorizing of the Scripture, prayed devoutly for the 
issistaunce of the Holy Gost, that they might have grace to 
siuctoryze such as shold be to his honour, to the encrease of 
his fay th, and to the helth of the souls of al his people ? 

The time also that thys auctoryzing of the New Testa- 
ment, and the gather3mg it togyder was made, was, as I 
suppose, the tyme of the moost high and gracyous sheddyng 
out of the mercy of God into the world, that ever was from 
the begynnyng of the world unto thys day : and I mean the 
^rme that was from the incarnation of Christ unto [i. e. until] 
the sayd auctorys3niig of the New Testament was accom- 
plished. For in part of that tyme our Lord was here hym- 
self in bodyly presence, preach3niig and teachjmg hys laws, 
gatheryng and chusyng hys apostels and dysciplcs, that 
sholde teach and preach hys laws, whan he was gone : which gQ 
they did not only by word, but also by good examples, that 
yet remayne unto thys day : so that al that tyme may in 
maner be called the golden tyme. And not only the New 
Testament was than recey ved, but also the Old Testament : 
and by preachjrng and teachyng of these Testaments was the 
faytb of Chryst mervaylously encreased in many countrees. 

After al thys, by a common speakyng among the people, 
the byshops, preests, and other of the clergy, which were as 
lantemes unto the people, and the specyal maynteyners of 
the Christen fayth, were called tiie Chyrche^ or men of the 
Chyrche : and imder the colour of that name chyrchey many 
of the clergy in proces of tyme pretended, that they might 
make expositions of Scripture, as the universal Chyrche of 
Christ, that is to say, as the hole congregation of Christen 
people myght. And therupon whan covetyse and pryde 
somewhat encresed in many of the clargy, they expounded 
very favourably dy vers texts of Scripture, that sounded to 
the mayntenaunce of theyr bmiour, power, jurisdiction, and 
ryehes : and over that, take upon them to afiirme, that they 
were the Chyrche that myght not erre ; and that Christ and 
his apostells had spoken and tau^t many thyngs that were 
not expresly in Scripture ; and that the people were as wel 
bound to love them, and that under lyke payne, as if tbey 


had ben expressed in Scripture, and called them tmtmUen 
verities. Wherof I shal, as for an example, recyte part. 

Fyrst, That Christ after hys maundye, and after he had 
washen the fete of his apostles, taught them to make hdj 
cream, for ministradon of the sacraments ; and that they 
have as ful auctoryty to do the same, as yf it had been con- 
teyned in Scripture, that Christ had gyven them power to 
do it. 

That it is a tradicion of the apostles, that ymages ought 
to be set up. 

That the apostels ordeyned that al faithful people should 
resort to the Chyrch of Rome, as to the most hygh and 
principal chyrch of al other : and yet it cannot be proved 
by Scripture, ne by any other sufficient auctoryty, that they 
made any such ordynaunce. 

Also, that the Creed, which is commonly and universally 
used to be sayd by the common people, was made by the 
twelve apostles : and though the articles therof are firmdy 
and stedfastly to be beleved of every Christen man, as arty- 
cles sufficiently proved by Scripture, yet that they were ga- 
thered togyder by the XII apostels. And specially, that 
every one of the apostels made one artycle, as paynters shew 
that they did, cannot be proved by Scripture ; ne is it not 
necessary to be beleved for our salvation. And though it 
were but a smal ofiFence in the people to beleve that it were 
an article necessary to be beleved for our salvation, because 
the clergy, which be the lanternes and leders unto the peo- 
ple, do instruct them that it is so ; and it is nether agaynst 
the law of God, nor the law of reason, but that it may be so: 
yet it is a great offence to the clergy, to affyrme for certayn 
the thyng that is to themself uncertayne. And therfore it 
would be reformed for eschewyng of offignces unto the clergy. 
97 Also, that the people shal pray into the est is not proved 
by Scripture. And yet they say, that by the tradicion of the 
apostles it is to be beleved. 

Also, that our lady was not bom in orygynal synne. 

That she was assumpte into heven, body and soule. 

All these, and many others, divers of the clergy cal un- 


written veryUe^^ l^t in the world by the tradicion and rela- 
doa of the apostles, which, as they say, the people are bound 
to bel^ve AS wel as Scripture ; for they say, that sy th no man 
w«?e bound to bdeve Scripture, but bycause the Chyrch 
say th. This is Scripture, so they say, that in the thyngs be- 
fore rehersed, the Chyrche wy tnesseth them to be true ; and 
that the people have assented to them many yeres: wherfore 
it is not lawful to doubt at them, ne to denye them. To 
this reason it may be answered, that yf it can be proved by 
as good and as hygh auctoryte, that these thyngs were left 
in the world by the tradicion and relacion of the apostles, as 
the auctorynng of Scripture was, that than they are to be 
bdeved as veryly as Scripture : but yf they be wytnessed to. 
be so by some byshops and priests, and some other of the 
clergy only, or that they be wytnessed to be so by decrees 
and laws made by byshops of Rome, and by the clergy of 
RcHne, or by opinion of doctors onely ; than no man is 
bound to accept them, ne beleve them, as they are bound to 
beleve Scripture: for Scripture, as it is sayd before, was 
auctorysed by the hole Chyrche of God, and in the most 
elect and moost gracious tyme, that of lykelyhode hath ben 
ayth the begynnyng of Christs Chyrche. And yf it be sayd 
that many of the sayd opynions have ben affirmed and ap- 
proved by general councels, in whom no error may be pre- 
sumed, it may be answered, that though the Chyrch ga- 
thered together in the Holy Ghost may not erre in thyngs 
perteyning to the fayth, that yet forasmoche as some general 
councils have ben gathered, and not by the power of kyngs 
and princes, that be heads of the Chyrche, and that laws 
have ben also made at such general councels, of divers 
thyngs which have not pertejmed to the fayth, but to the 
mayntenance of the auctoryte or profyt of the clergy, or of 
soch artycles as ar before rehersed, that they cal unwrytten 
veryiieSy which undoubtedly perteyn not merly to the fayth, 
that it may therfore be lawfully doubted, whether soch coun- 
cels were gathered in the Holy Goost or not, and whether 
they erred in their judgments or not. And it is no doubt, 
but that in some general councils they have done so indede. < 


And I suppose that there be but few matters mcnre neces- 
sary ne more expedyent for k}aigs and princes to loke 
upon, than upon these unwrytten veryties, and of making 
of laws by the clergy. For yf they be suffered to mayntayn 
that there be any verytyes, which the people are bound to 
beleve upon payn of dampnacion besyde Scripture, it wyl 
persuade partly an insufficiency in Scripture, and therupcm 
myght follow great daungers many wayfes. And yf it were 
admy tted, that the clergy myght be receaved to affirme that 
there be soch verytyes beade Scripture, yet they could mX 
prove them. For if they wold in profe therof say, that the 
Qg apostles fyrst taught those verities, and that they have 80 
cont}aiued from one to another unto thys day, and shew 
none other auctority therof but that, than al the saying may 
as lightly be denyed as it was affirmed, and with as hygh 
auctoryty. And jrf they wil ferther attempt to a{^rove it 
by laws made by the byshops of Rome, and by the clergy at 
Rome, yea, or by laws and decrees made at general councils; 
yet these laws and decrees may be lawfully doubted at, as 
before appeareth : so that they cannot by reason therof diyve 
any necessitye of belefe into any person. 

Wherfore kjmgs and prynces, that have receaved of God 
the hygh power and charge over the people, are bound to 
prohybyte soch sayings upon great payns ; and not to suflre 
a belefe to be grounded upon thyngs uncertayne. 

But yet yf some of the sayd articles, that be called wn- 
wrytten verities^ were suffered to contjmue as thjmgs that 
be more lyke to be true than otherwyse, and no necessities 
belefe to be deryved therupon, I suppose verely it myght 
wel be suffered, that they shuld stand styl, not prohybyte; 
as it is of that artycle, that the XII apostles made the Cr^e : 
that it is good to pray into the est ; that our Lady was not 
born in original sin ; that she was assumpted body and soul : 
and therfore yf it were orde3niied by kyngs and princes, that 
no man, upon payne to be taken as a breaker of the quyet- 
nes of the people, shuld deny any of the sayd articles, it 
were wel done to kepe unytie among the people. But divers 
realms may ordre soch thyngs diversely, as they shal seme 


convenyent, after the dysposition of the people ther. For 
they be but thyngs indyfferent, to be beleved or not be- 
leved, and are nothyng lyke to Scripture, to the Artycles of 
the Fay th, the X Commaundements, ne to soch other moral 
lemjmgs, as are merely dery ved out of Scripture : for they 
must of necessity be beleved and obeyed of every Christen 
man. For after Sajmt Paul ad Ephes. IIII. there must be 
Dne God, one fayth, and one baptisme. But to suffi'e them 
to stand as unnorytten veryties, that may not be denyed, 
ind to have theyr auctoryty onely by laws made by the 
clergy, it semeth daungerous : for it myght cause many of 
he dergy to esteme more power in the clergy than ther is 
.ndede ; and that myght lift many of them into a hygher 
estimation of themself than they ought to have. Wherby 
tnyght follow great daunger unto the people : for as long as 
there be disorders in the clergy, it wyl be hard to bryng the 
people to good ordre. 

And al this that I have touched before may be reformed 
without any rebuke to the clergy that now is. For the pre- 
tence of soch unwrytten veryties, ne yet of makyng of laws^ 
to bynd kyngs and princes and theyr people, ne yet that 
both powers, that is to say, spiritual and temporal, were in 
the clergy, began not in the clergy that now is, but in theyr 

And as to the sayd other pretenced unwritten veryties, 

that is to say, that al men shuld resort to Rome, as to the most 

high and principal Chyrche ; and that it is a tradyclon and 

unwrytten veryty, that ymages ought to be set up ; it were 

wel done, that they and soch other opinions, wherby pryde, 

covetyse, or vain glory myght spring hereafter, were pro- 99 

hybyte by auctorytie of the Parlament upon great paynes. 

And as to the sayd unwrytten verytie, that holy creame 

shuld be made after the maundie, it perteyneth onely to them 

that have auctoritie to judge, whether it be an unwrytten 

veritie or not, and to judge also what is the very auctoritie 

of makyng of that creame. And therfore I wyl no fcrther 

speke of that matter at thys tyme. 



Sir William Paget j an^a^fiodor wiih ihe Emperor, hi4 lelkr 

to ike Lord Protector. 
Cott. Libr. SIR, After my most humble commendations to your Grace. 
' Albeit ye shal perceive by our common letters the maner of 
our proceding with Mons. D** Arras and his oHnpany, wharf 
we have deferred to advertise your Grace, upon trust to 
have had ere this time answer of the Emperors mind m cer- 
tain points touched in our conference ; yet I have thought 
it toy part to render a reason to your Grace of the manerrf 
my proceding, to the intent, if your Grace like the same, I 
may perfect my be^nning therein ; and if your Grace thmk 
good otherwise, that then you may inform me of your jJe- 
sure, which I wil not fiul to follow accordingly. 

And first. Sir, I consider that the chief cause of my 
onning hither is to desciphre the Emperor; which is d- 
vided into two branches : the one, for the confirmation rf 
the old treaty ; and the other, to bring him with us into war 
against France ; if he wil assent, as I suppose he wil, and we 
look hoiu*ly to know the certainty. 

To the confirmation then, may it seem to your Grace, 
that notwithstanding any practice that hath been used to him 
by any other against you, and notvnthstanding the proced- 
ings at home, he mindeth to entertain your friendship. If 
he assent to the understanding of my cause put to them, 
then is there a more hope of his fnendship. If he wil 
be content also to accept Boloygn into defence upon rea- 
son reciproque, then by al likelihood, considering in what 
doubtfulnes Boloign is at present to be assailed, hee wil not 
stick to enter enimity with France: and also is determined 
(in my poor opinion, under correction of your Grace,) to fill 
out with them in respect of his own affairs, though you 
should not move the same. But if he wil agree to the first 
point only, or to the first and second, then, Sir, you know 
whereto to trust at his hands, and must maintain your aflairs 
with France of your selves. And then in this case to move 
100 him to joyn with you for invasion against France with an 
army, and not to come to a lesser point, which is the mean 


to a greater, I think it shal but discover you too much, and 
hinder your doings hereafter peradventure with France ; and 
therefore rather to pas it over in silence. 

Nqw, Sir, if, as I said, he assent to the third point, viz, to 
accept Boloygn into defence, I think also it shal be best not 
to q>eak of the common invasion with armies : for I am of 
opinion, that tho^ you bind not your self to & common inva- 
sion, yet wil he the next year invade : and so need not you 
to do, except you list. And if you wil, you may : mary, at 
Kbeirty. And tho^ he do enter into invasion for his own 
quarrels, or France with him, yet need you not to go further 
(except your affairs lead you) than the Emperor hath and 
doth now virith the Scots : so as I conclude upon this my 
blind nibbling at tbe matter, that you need not to have any 
mention made of common invasion : for you mean not but to 
bring him in ; and this way for the defence of Bolign serveth 
wel enough for the purpose, without entangling your self 
further in the war than you shal wel get out of it again, 
when you shal be weary of it. Neither, if they here shal 
move the common invasion, and wil not otherwise to accept 
the defence of Boloygn, then rather to joyn in the common 
invasion, than to let slip the anchor hold. 

And thus fEur, Sir, I have shewed your Grace my simple 
opbion in this matter, beseeching your Grace both to take 
the same in good part, and also to signify to me your plea- 
sure therein, and whether you think it not good for the King, 
that I move the points to be added to the treaty, viz. that 
he shall be common enemy (besides the case of invasion) 
that surprizeth any of the Kings and the Emperors forts, in 
aniy the places comprehended in the treaties on both sides, 
(a that now shal come into comprehension. Iterriy That safe 
conduct to traffic shal be neither ^ven nor taken, either to 
your common enemy, or of your own subjection. And your 
Graces pleasure known in these points, I think to make an 
end of the matter shortly ; and they here seem to look for 
the same. 

As for the matter of mi^iage, seing it hath been broached 
there, and largely refreshed by us here, I desuia^also your 

VOL. II. PART II. s e 


plesure, if they speak no more of it, whether we shal eftsones 

enter the same ; for a thing I note, that hitherto they hare 

given us leave to move al the overtures in al points, and th^ 

only give ear : which I pray your Grace to consider, and to 

signify your pleasure fully in every thing accordingly. And 

thus with my most humble commendations to my Ladies 

Grace, I pray God send you both long life and good hcalthi 

and as wel to do as I would mine own self. Fhhu Brusaeb, 

the last of June 1549. 

Will Paget 

101 CC. 

TTie Protector's and CoundTa answer to Pagefs letters, 
Ubi supra. AFTER our right herty commendations : We have aeea 
your letters of the 25 of June, the answer whenmto haa§ 
deferred hitherto, we received yesterday your oth« kClen 
of the last of the saipe month : and by them both do under- 
stand at good length your procedings hitherto both with the 
Emperor and his Council. Wherin hke as you have laid i 
good foundation, and wel entred the matter, so have we no 
doubt but you wil in likewise procede to the rest, acocsding 
to your accustomable good wisdom and foresight; and by 
the answer to be made from the Emperor upon this your 
conference with the Council, we think, ye shal se much of 
his determination, and to what effect this your journey is 
like to grow : wherupon we may also be occasioned to write 
further as shal be then thought good. In the mean time tct 
answer unto such points, as by your further letters to m^ 
the secretary, and sithence by your others you desire to be 
answered, we have thought good to signify, as followeth: 

First, Where you would know, whether you shal fmrbear 
to enter any treaty of that part of your instructions touch- 
ing a jo3mt invasion or enimity against France, til furthtf 
knowledge of the French procedings ; you shal understand, 
that from France, notwithstanding our sending, and thdr 
former answers, (as you know,) we never heard any thing til 
yesterday. And by letters from Mr. Wotton, we were ad- 


vertised, that the French King hath appointed for commis- 
aoners on his part Monsr. de Rochepot, Monsr. de Chas- 
tilKon, and one Monsr. de Mortier, one of the masters of the 
Requests ; al three of the Councel. At the naming of whom, 
albeit the constable gave our ambassador very good words ; 
yet for that the two chief of these men be officers upon their 
bontiers, and named by them contrary to the request made 
on our behalf, we doubt much what shal ensue of this meet- 
ing, notwithstanding al their fair words. And yet that not- 
withstanding we were of opinion before the receipt of your 
latter letters, that it should be best for sundry conside- 
rations, that you forbear to speak any thing of this joynt 
hostility. In which opinion these your letters have more 
cxxnfitmed us : and therefore for that matter we require you 
to forbear to speak any thing of it. But if the matter shall 
upon any occasion be set forth by the Emperors Council, 
yoa may give ear unto it : and shewing your selves, as of 
your selves, by some good general words, not unwilling to . 
hear of it. Entertain their talk by such means, and after 
such sort as you shal think best, to feel and suck out their 
^Bsposition, and what they desire, as much as you may. 

And touching the comprehension of Buloign, wherin it 
seem^h they make some stay, we think good also, you for- 
bear to require the same any more. We need not repeat 
unto you the charges or dangerous keeping, the smal com- 
modities, and many troubles the Kings Majesty hath with 
that towne, and the members thereunto neer adjoyning. 
And if at any time after this, upon some reasonable recom- 102 
penoe^ or for any other just or honorable ground, it should 
like the Kings Majesty to leave that towne, then should his 
Mi^esty and the realm be always without any cause bur- 
thened with that reciproque, which should be now received 
into this comprehension for Bulloygn : and therfore, and for 
sondry other causes, we think best you overslip that matter 
tot comprehension. 

And where by the former treaty with th'*esclarishement 
joynt hostility is not entred, but only for invasion with eight 
thousand then, we would wish, if they may be lM*ought to 

E e 2 


assent thereunto, that the covenant be made that the jomt 
enunity shal be for any invaaon to be made by puUic officers 
or authority with the number of five hundred [five thou- 
sand.] And that this joint hostility should be not only for 
such an invasion, but also for the surprizing dT any fort, now 
in the possession of either of the said princes within any of 
their countries comprized in the said former treaty. 

Touching your desire to know, if they shal agree to the 
confirmation of the treaties after such or like swt as you 
have proponed, within what time you shal agree, that the 
confirmation shal be made on both ddes; for as much as you 
know the ratification in that case is to be made on the Kings 
Majesties behalf by authority of Parliament, which caimol 
be assembled before Allhallowntide at the neerest, you must 
of force to take the larger day, and may agree to Candlemas. 

As for the names of the countries that shal confirm the 
said treaty on the Emperors behalf, we think4liat the Low 
Countries named in the former treaty must ratify it by the 
same several orders, by which they, make laws and ordi- 
nances to bind their successors, like as for the Sang, it is to 
be don by Parlament. But if they shal make strange to 
have the same so confirmed, you may conclude for the rati- 
fication of it by the Emperors Majesty and the Prince only; 
and that within one month or six weeks after your agrement 
and conclusion of your treaty. 

Touching those questions you require to be answered, 
what dote shal be offered with the Lady Mary, we would 
you had not gon at the first so high, as to offer 100,000 
crowns, which is the most may be granted ; and yet the same 
to be moderated in respect of the dower that shall be given 
by the Infant of Portugal. And as they shal ofer les or 
more, so may you, as your self hath already said to than, 
offer more or less, not exceeding in any case the offer of 
100,000 crowns. The days of payment may be aggreed 
upon wel enough hereafter, as the matter shal grow to mcwe 
ripenes. In the treating and debating wherof you wil, we 
doubt not, remember unto them, besides many other rircum- 
stances, the possibility the Lady Mary standeth in with us: 


which albeit we trust in God shal never take effect, yet it is 
nevertheles to be laid as a very great matter, by means she 
is of reason to be the more honorably provided for : and her 
dower cannot in reason be les than 20,000 crowns a year. 
In this matter of manage wherin, as you write, you have 
already largely spoken, if they shal speak no more of it, we 
would you should likewise pas over the same in silence. For 
besides that the Lady Mary, being the woman, is rather to 
be sued for, than offered ; we think that having so much been 
qpoken in that matter as there hath both here and there, it 
seemeth that they either look to be much sued unto, or do 103 
not much like it : and therefore we can be wel contented, 
that it hath thus been once commoned of, and so leave it as 
before. Mary, if that matter shal chance to come again in 
communication, we have thought good that you, as of your 
self, did cast forth a word or two shortly touching Boloign, 
with the members neer adjoyning, to feel their disposition, 
and how they would like it, if you could obtain it to be re- 
leased to the Emperor with this manage of my Lady Mary. 
You know there shal be due for it, and the rest, to the King 
two millions of gold. And besides, that this town might 
stand the Emperor in great sted, to make some bargain for 
exidiange of it with some other town. We mean not this as 
a matter here resolved to be offered, but for that we would 
b^in to have their minds feeled, what desire the Emperor 
would have to have the same, or how he would barken to it. 
Whidi thing we would gladly have closely fished out by as 
good policy and covert means as you can devise, either upon 
talk of the matter of this manage, or upon any other occa- 
sioii as you shall think best : and yet the matter to be so 
handled, as they may by no means gather that this proced- 
eth from hence. 

We do al like very wel your motion, that it be added to 
the former treaty, that where the joynt hostility is or shal be, 
neither prince shal grant any safe conduct to any commcxi 
enemy, to traffic in his realm, nor suffer any of his subjects 
to traffic with any such common enemy. Wherin, and in the 
oth^ p(nnts before mentioned, you may treat and oonohidv 

E e 8 


with them accordingly, &c. So bidding you most heartily 
farewel : from Richmond, 4 July, 1549. 

Your assured loving friends, 
E. Somerset. W. Sent Jolrn. 

R. Ryche, Cane. W. Petre, S. 

John Baka%. 
To our very loving friend. Sir Will. Paget, 
comptroller of the Kings Majesties most 
honorable household, presently ambassa- 
dor for his Highnes with the Emperor. 


Tlie Lord PHvy Seed to the Council^ concerning the def&A 

of the rebels in the west. 

Cott. laUr. UPON Friday we marched from Exeter to Kirton ; seven 
* miles of the way was very cumberous : and on that day went 
no further. On Saturday we marched towards the camp at 
Sampford Courtney ; and by the way our scouts and the re- 
bels scouts encountred upon the Sunday on a sudden : and 
104 in a skirmish between them was one Maunder taken, who 
was one of the chief captains. Order was given to my Lad 
Gray and Mr. Herbert, for the winning of time, to take a 
good part of our army, and with the same to make with al 
diUgence possible towards the said camp, to view and se what 
service might be don for the invasion therof. They found 
the enemy strongly encamped, as wel by the seat of the 
ground, as by the intrench of the same. They kept them 
play with great ordinance, til more convenient way was made 
by the pioners : which don, they were assaulted with good 
courage on the one side with our foot men, and on the other 
side with the Italian harquebutters in such sort, as it was 
not long before they turned their backs, and recovered the 
town, which they before had fortified for al events. While 
this was doing, and I yet behind with the residue of the 
army, conducting the cariage, Humfrey Arundel, with his 
whole power, came on the backs of our foreward, being thus 


busied with the assault of the camp : the sudden shew of 
irhom wrought such fear in the hearts of our men, as we 
wished our power a great deal more, not without good cause. 
For remedy wherof, the L. Gray was fain to leave Mr. 
Herbert at the enterprize against the camp, and to retyre to 
our last horsemen and footmen: whom he caused to turn 
their faces to the enemy in shew of battail against Arundel. 
There was nothing for an hour but shooting of ordinance 
to and fro. Mr. Herbert in this mean time followed the first 
attempt, who, pressing stil upon them, never breathed til he 
had driven them to a plain fight. To the chase came forth 
horsemen and footmen : in the which were slain five or six 
hundred of the rebels : and among them was slain one Under- 
hil, who had the charge of that camp. 

At the retyre of our men I arrived, and because it waxed 
late, I thought good to loose no time, but appointed Sir 
WilL Herbert and Mr. Eyngston, with their footmen and 
horsemen, to set on the one side, my L. Gray to set on their 
fiice, and I with my company to come on the other side : 
uponthe aght whereof the rebels stomacks so fel from them, 
as without any blow they fled. The horsemen followed the 
diase, and slew to the number of seven hundred, and took a 
tar greater number. Great execution had followed, had not 
the night came on so fast. 

Al this night we sat on horseback ; and in the morning we 
had word that Arundel was fled to Launceston : who imme- 
diatdy began to practise with the townsmen, and the keepers 
of Grenefield, and other gentlemen, for the murder of them 
that night The keepers so much abhorred this cruelty, as 
they immediately set the gentlemen at large, and gave them 
their aid, with the help of the town, for the apprehension of 
Arundel : whom with four or five ringleaders they have im- 
[nrisoned. I have sent incontinently both Mr. Carews [Sir 
George and Sir Peter Carow] with a good band to keep 
the town in a stay. And this morning I hast thither with 
the rest.. 

We have taken fifteen pieces of ordinance, some bras and 
flom iron. Of our part there were many hurt» but 

£ e^ 


passing ten or twelve slain. The Lord Gray and Mr. Her- 
bert have served notably. Every gentleman and captain 
did thdr part so wel, as I wot not wel whom first to com- 
mend. I have given ord^ to al the ports, that none of the 
rebels shal pas that way, &c. 

105 EE. 

TTie Duke of Somerset ^ lord protectory to Sir Philip Hobyj 
ambassador with the Emperor, imparting mteUigence of 
the insurrections. 

Cott. Ubr. KNOWING that al such as be embassadors abroad are 
desirous not only of news for the love they bear to their 
country, naturally desiring often to hear of the state of it; 
but also to confirm or confute such rumours as be spred in 
the parts where they live ; we have thought good to impart) 
what sith our last letters hath chanced. The Devonshire 
men, as wel chastised as appeased. Three others of that 
captains have voluntarily come in, and simply submitted 
themselves to Sir Tho. Pomery, Wise, and Harris ; who be- 
fore were fled and could not be found. And the country 
Cometh in daily to my Lord Privy Seal by hundreds and 
thousands, to crave their pardon, and to be put in some sure 
hope of grace. Burry, and some one or two more of their 
blind guides that escaped from the sword, have attempted in 
the mean season to stir up Somersetshire, and have gotten 
them a band or camp : but they are sent after, and we trust 
by this they have as they deserve. 

The Earl of Warwick lyeth neer to the rebels in Norfolk; 
which fain now would have grace gladly, so that al might be 
pardoned. Keate [Eet] and the other archtraitors in the 
number, upon that is [at] a stay : and they daily shrink so 
fast away, that there is great hope that they wil leave their 
captains destitute and alone to receive their worthy reward. 
The which is the thing we most desire, to spare as much as 
may be the effusion of bloud, and namely, that of our own 


In Yorkshire a commotion was attempted the week last 
past; but the gentlemen were so soon upon them, and so 
forward, that it was suppressed, and with weeping eyes the 
rest upon their knees: they wholly together desired the 
gentlemen to obtain their pardons. The which the Kings 
Majesty hath so granted unto them, as may stand with his 
Highnes honour : so that for the inner parts, thanks be to 
Almighty God, the case standeth in good point. 

The causes and pretences of their uproars and risings are 
divers and uncertain, and so fill of variety almost in every 
camp, as they cal them, that it is hard to write what it is ; 
as ye know is like to be of people without head and rule, 
and would have that they.wot not what. Some cry. Pluck 
down inclosures and parks ; some for their commons ; others 
pretend reli^on ; a number would rule and direct things, 
as gentlemen have don: and indeed al have conceived a 
w<Hiderful hate against gentlemen, and take them al as their 
enemies. The ruffians among them, and soldiers cashiered, 
which be the chief doers, look for spoil : so that it seems no 
other thing, but a plague and a fury among the vilest and 
worst sort of men. For except only Devon and Comwal, lo6 
and there not past two or three ; in al other places not one 
gentleman or man of reputation was ever amongst them, but 
against their wills, and as prisoners. In Norfolk, gentlemen, 
and al serving men for their sakes, are as illy handled as 
may be : but this broyl is wel asswaged, and in maner at a 
point shortly to be fully ended with the grace of God, &c. 
Thus we bid you right heartily farewel. Aug. 24. 


TTie Duke tf Somerset to Sir Philip Hoby^ concerning the 
suppression of the insurrections in the west, and in 

AFTER our right harty commendations ; We have her- Cott.Libr. 
tofore advertised you of the troublesome busines, uproars^ If^ ^ 
and tumults, practised in simdry places of the realm, by a 


number .<^ leud, seditious, and il disposed persons, to the ^ 
great disquietnes both of the Kings Majesty, and al other 
his Highnes quiet and loving subjects. Which tumults and 
commotions, albeit at the beginning they were spread in 
many parts of the realm, yet in the end were wel pacified 
and quieted, saving Devon, and Cornwa], and Norfolk; 
where they continued their rebelhon so stubbornly, as the 
Kings Majesty was forced to send the Kings Highnes hen- 
tenant, with a power both ways, the sooner to suppres them 
and bring them to their duty; viz. my Lord Privy Seal 6f 
Devon and Comwal, and the Earl of Warwick into Nor- 
folk. And hke as we have heretofore signified unto yoa 
the procedings of my Lord Privy Seal in his journey, whkh 
by his politic and wise handling of the matter, after the 
slaughter of more than a thousand of the rebels, and execu- 
tion of some of the ringleaders, he hath, thanks be to God, 
so honorably atchieved and finished, as not only the coun- 
try remaineth presently in good order, but also the multi- 
tude so repent their former detestable and naughty doings, 
as they abhor to hear themselves spoken of. 

So you shal understand, that in Norfolk the living God 
hath so wrought by the wisdom and manlines of my Lord 
of Warwick, that they also are brought to subjection by 
such means as insueth. The said rebels, having travailed 
by the space of one month or more, to allure to them such 
numbers of light persons as they might ; and partly by that 
means, and partly by force and violence, at the last had as- 
sembled together a great number, did after encamp them- 
selves neer the city of Norwich : which city they had at their 
commandment, and therin had placed their victuals and 
other provisions, whereof they had gotten large furniture. 
My Lord of Warwick coming to those parts, after he had 
thorowly understood the state of the rebels, knowing the 
better part of them to be such simple persons, as were either 
constrained by force, or otherwise seduced by those of the 
107^orser sort, thought best to use such means for subduing 
of them as might be with least effusion of bloud, and pu- 
nishment only of the heads and captains ; and for this cause 


travaiHiig first to cut off their victuals, did approach the 
city of Norwich, which within short time he obtained ; and 
at the getting of it, overthrew a great number of the rebels. 
By which means he so bridled them, and cut off their vic- 
tuals, as they were fain to live three days with water for 
drink, and eat their meat without bread. Wherupon Thurs- 
day last, issuing out of their camps into a plain neer ad- 
jcyning, they determined to fight, and like mad and des- 
perateinen ran upon the sword : where a thousand of them 
bong slain, the rest were content to crave their pardon. 

One Ket, a tanner, being from the beginning a chief doer 
among them, fled ; and the rest of the rebels casting away 
their weapons and hames, and asking pardon on their knees 
with weeping eyes, were by the L. of Warwick dismissed 
home without hurt, and pardoned, the chief heads, ring- 
leaders, and posts excepted. Ket, with three of his bre- 
thren, with other three chief captains, al vile persons, were 
also taken, who now remain, in hold, to receive that which 
they have deserved. 

Thus are these vile wretches, that have now of a long 
time troubled the realm, and as much as in them lay gon 
about to destroy and utterly undo the same, come to confu- 
non. So that we trust verily that these traitors, mutiners, 
and rebellions, have now an end, lauded be God, &c. And 
thus we bid you heartily wel to fare. Sept. 1, 154<9. 


Sir William Paget to Hie Lord Pjvtector, upon his rough 
usage of some gentlemen. Writ May 8, 1549. 

IF I loved not your Grace so deeply in my heart as it Cott. Libr. 
•annot be taken out, I could hold my peace, as some others ^^*™' ^* ^ 
lo, and say little or nothing; but my love to your Grace, 
knd good hope that you take my meaning wel, hath enforced 
ne to ngnify unto your Grace, that unles your Grace do 
pare quietly shew your plesure in things wherin you ¥ril 
lebttte with other men, and hear them again gracioiisly aay 


their opinions, when you do require it, that wil ensue when^ 
I would be right sory^.and your Grace shal have first cause 
to repent : that is, that no man shal dare speak to you what 
he thinks, though it were never so necessary ; tor you know 
it : which in the end wil be dangerous unto you. For mine 
own self I must confess, or else I were to blame, that [being] 
one of the Council, you hear me speak very gently and gra- 
ciously ; mary, I think for the most part I speak as one that 
have no experience, wherby your Grace moved to 
follow my advice. But in Council, as I am more liberal to 
speak than others, (which if your Grace mislike, and take 
for a fault, I wil most willingly amend it,) so your Grace 
108 nipps me so sharply sometimes, as if I knew not your con- 
ditions wel, and were not assured of your favour, I might 
many times, ere this time, have been blanked for speaking 

Now then. Sir, if other honest men, not so wel acquainted 
with your nature as I am, having to do with your Grace in 
the Kings Majesties affair, and having occadon by your 
own appointment and wil to say their opinions honestly and 
sincerely unto you, shal be snapped, God knows what loss 
you shal have by it. By the living God, if I knew not how 
much men of service be troubled withal, I would never 
write this much. Poor Sir Richard Alte this afternoon, 
after your Grace had very sore, and too much more than 
needed, rebuked him, came to my chamber weeping, and 
there complaining, as far as became him, of your handling 
of him, seemed almost out of his wits, and out of heart. 
Your Grace to be sure have put him clean [out of counte- 
nance.] I know that like fashion of the King, that dead is, 
to him, had almost cost him his life. Your Grace perad- 
venture thinketh it nothing; but by God, Sir, if you would, 
as I wrot once to you, cal to your remembrance, how that 
as you speake sometimes to men, saying their opinions con- 
trary to that which you have conceived, if a king or car- 
dinal in times past should have spoken to you, it would 
have pricked you at the stomac. You shal wel feel that 
words spoken by the Lord Protector goeth to a mans heart 


Howsoever it cometh to pas I cannot tel, but of late your 
Grace is grown in great cholerick fashions, when soever you 
are contraried in that which you have conceived in your 
head. A king, which shal give men occasion of discourage 
to say their opinions frankly, receiveth thereby great hurt 
and peril to his realm. But a subject in great authority, as 
your Grace is, using such fashion, is like to fal into great 
danger and peril of his own person, beside that to the com- 
monweal : which, for the very love I bear to your Grace, I 
beseech you, and for Gods sake, consider and weigh wel. 
And also when the whole Council shall move you, or give 
you advice in a matter, like as they did of late for sending 
of men to Bulloygn, to follow the same, and to relent some^ 
times from your own opinion : your surety shal be the more, 
and your burden the less. 

I trust your Grace wil take this letter in good part, for 

it procedeth from a good heart towards you, as God can 

judge. To whom I pray daily for the same weldoiog to 

you that I wish to mine own self. And I beseech even now 

his divine Majesty to give you his holy Spirit and grace to 

do al things to his glory, the Kings Majesties hcmor, and 

your own surety and preservation. From my chamber in 

the Court, &c. 

W. P. 

HH. 109 

Sir WiUiam Paget^ now ambassador abroad^ to the Lord 
Protector^ upon the bredki/ng out of the rebellion in the 
west : the letter bearing date July 7, 1549. 

SIR, having heard here what men say of your govern- cott. Libr. 
ment at home, and knowing partly before my coming forth, '^^^* ^' *' 
and partly sithence, how things go there, and in what termes 
you stand at home, I am put into such perplexities, as I 
wot not what to do. My heart bleedeth, and mine eyes, by 
Gk>d, distil down with weeping tears at the writing hereof. 
Fori se at hand that coming which I have now hued,gf^ 
zood time, the destruction of that goodly jaofi 


sovereign Lord, the subversion of the noble reahn of I!ng« 
land, and the ruine of your Grace, to whom of long time I 
have given my heart for the service of the King ; and whom 
I have loved for the honest good nature I have judged in 
you. I se, I say, this sorrowful sight at hand, unks your 
Grace open your eyes of justice in this yong age of the 
King : and that out of hand, out of hand, in al the basts. 
If ever you have loved me, (as I believe you have, and do 
love me,) if ever you think I have don your Grace any jJe»- 
sure in times past, or service athence the King's fiithen 
death, pardon me now, and give me leave to write to your 
Grace what I think, and what my conscience binds me to 
write from hence : where I am in as much care f<Nr the pro- 
ceding at home, as if I were present with your Grace. 

Remember what you pivmised me in the gallery at Weit- 
minster, before the breath was out of the body of the King 
that dead is : remember what you promised immediatdj 
after, deviong with me concerning the place which you now 
occupy, I trust, in the end to good purpose, howsoever 
things thwart now. And that was, to follow mine advice in 
al your procedings, more than any other mans. Which pro- 
mise I wish your Grace had kept ; for then I am sure things 
had not gon altogether as they go now. If your Grace 
remember, I wrot you a letter upon either Christmas day 
or Christmas even at night : which letter I would to God 
you had pleased to have considered and followed, and to 
have kept me as men of war use to keep their espyes, til 
they se the effects of their advertisements, and therupon to 
have used me accordingly. I was at Cassandra, I told your 
Grace the truth, and was not believed : wel, now your 
Grace seeth it. What seeth your Grace over the Kings 
subjects out of al disciplin, out of obedience, caring neither 
for Protector nor King, and much les for any other mean 
officer. And what is the cause ? Your own lenity, your 
softnes, your opinion to be good to the poor ; the opinion 
of such as saith to your Grace, Oh ! Sir, there was never 
man had the hearts of the poor as you have. Oh! the 
commons pray for you. Sir, they say, God save your Bfe. 


I know your gentle heart right wel, and that your meaning 
is good and godly, how ever some evil men hst to prate 110 
here, that you have some greater enterprize in your head 
that lean so much to the multitude. I know, I say, your 
meaning and honest vertue. But I say. Sir, it is great pity, 
as the common proverb goeth, in a warm summer, that ever 
warm weather should do harm. It is pity, that your too 
much gentlenes should be an occacaon of so great an evil as 
is now chanced in England by these rebells ; and that sav- 
ing your Graces honour, knaves say, as a knave Spanyard 
coming now very lately out of England, that he saw your 
6moe ride upon a fair goodly horse, but he trembled* 
Mary, he was so strong and big made, that he caned both 
your Grace and al the Kings Council with you at once at a 
burden upon his back : if I may £nd the gentleman, (for I 
seek him,) I may peradventure stop him a tyde. 

Wel, Sir, things past cannot be imdon,'«nd howsoever the 
success fallethy you meant wel : and therfore you must do now 
duit they may be wel. Consider, I beseech you most humbly 
with al my heart, that society in a realm doth consist and is 
n,aint«ni b, n.eans of reU^on and laws. And these two 
ctr onfe wanting, farewel al just society, farewel kings, go- 
vernment, justice, al other vertue. And in cometh com- 
monalty, sensuality, iniquity, and al other kinds of vice and 
mischief. Look wel, whether you have either law or reli- 
gion at home, and I fear you shal find neither. The use 
of the old religion is forbidden by a law, and the use of the 
new is not yet printed : printed in the stomacs of eleven or 
twelve parts of the realm, what countenance soever men 
make outwardly to please them in whom they se the power 
Deateth. Now say for the law, where is it used in England 
at liberty? Almost no where. The foot taketh upon him 
the part of the head, and commyns [meaning the commons] 
18 become a king ; a king appointing conditions and laws to 
lie governors, saying. Grant this and that, and we wil go 
lome. Alas ! alas ! that ever this day should be seen in 
his time : and would to God, that at the first stir you had 
bllowed the matter hotly, and caused justice to have been 


ministred in solemn fSEU^ion to the terror of others, and then 
to have granted a pardon. But to have granted pardons 
out of course, (I beseech your Grace bear with my zeal,) they 
did ever as mich good to the purpose which you meant, as 
the Bishop of Romes pardons were wont to do : which ra- 
ther, upon hope of a pardon, gave men occasion and courage 
to sin, than to amend their faults. And so have your par- 
dons given evil men a boldnes to enterprize as they do, and 
cause them to think you dare not meddle with than, but 
are glad to please them. Be it right or wrong, they must 
have it : victuals, they say, wools, cloths, and every other 
thing is dear : they must have a new price at their pleasure. 
By and by the commons must be pleased : you must take 
pity upon the poor mens children, and of the conservatJOB 
and stay of this realm : and put no more so many irons in 
the fire at once, as you have had within this twelve month. 
War with Scotland, with France, tho^ it be not so termed: 
commissions out for this matter : new laws for this : prodap 
mation for another: one in anothers neck so thick, that thej 
be not set by among the people. 

What a good year be the inclosures lately made, that 
these people repine now at ? Is victuals and other things so 
dear in England, and no where else ? Is tlie state wharin 
111 they live a new kind of life put into them ? If it be so, th^ 
have some cause to complain to the King. But victuals and 
other things be so dear in other realms as they be in Eng- 
land. Which they are indeed and so dear ; and that I know 
and feel here right wel ; for I spend twice as much as I did 
at my last being here, and yet I keep no greater counte- 
nance. If they and their fathers before them have lived 
quietly above these sixty years, pastures being enclosed, the 
most part of these rufBers have the least cause to compkdn, 
the matter being wel weighed. What is the matter then, 
troweth your Grace ? By my faith. Sir, even that which I 
said to your Grace in the gallery at the Tower the next day 
after the Kings first coming there, Liberty, liberty. And 
your Grace would have too much gentleness, which mig^ 
have been avoided, if your Grace would have followed mj 


advice. In giving wherof, as I have been somewhat frank 
with your Grace apart, and seen little fruit come of it, so 
liave I been discouraged at your Graces hands in open 
Council to say mine opinion, as much as ever man was. But 
as for that, albeit the matter had grieved me not a little, 
yet afiterwards thinking of this proverb, A man is boldest 
where he loveth best, I have passed it over, and could have 
bom much better, if any had seen your Grace relent to 
oounsil ; I mean not of me alone : for when I give your 
Grace advice in a matter which you shal perceive the rest 
of the Councill to mislike, then take it for folly, and follow 
it not. But when the whole Council shal joyn in a matter, 
and your Grace travail to out-reason them in it, and wrast 
them by reason of your authority to bow to it ; or first shew 
your opinion in a matter, and then ask theirs; alas! Sir, 
jiow can this gear do wel ? I know in this matter of the 
commons, every man of the Council have misliked your 
procedings, and wished it otherwise. I know your Grace 
can say. No man shal answer the King for these things, but 
I. Sir, I fear, that if you take not another way betimes in 
these matters of tumult, neither you nor we shal come to 
answering. And yet. Sir, I believe, if any thing chance 
amiss, wherfore a reckoning shal be asked by the King, (as 
I trust in God you wil foresee there shal not,) that not only 
your Grace shal give the account, which have authority in 
your hands, but also such as did first consent and accord to 
^ve you that authority. 

Methinketh I se your Grace now reading of this letter, 
joid conceiving what you think of me for the same : for I 
know your Graces nature as wel as any man living. If you 
think as I deserve, you think me one of the truest subjects 
that ever prince had; and ever so I have been. And again, 
God judg it betwixt you and me, I have ever desired your 
tuthority to be set forth, ever been careful of your honor 
and surety ; both for now and for evermore, ever glad to 
jdease you, as ever was gentle wife to please her husband, 
ttid honest man his master, I wys. My good Lord, alas ! 
ike no more gentle, for it hath don hurt ; the more pity. I 

VOL. n. PART ix. F f 


have never been noysome to you or tiN>uble8ome9 if it hatb 
not been in matters of state, where your honor or good 
procedings for the King hath come in place : and that I 
have don upon a good wil and zele of your weldoingr and 
wys whosoever sheweth himself most at your wil, none shal 
be more readier to Uve and dy with you than I am : and 1 
telieve verily that your Grace loveth me. Mary, perad- 
112 venture you think me very bold with you to write in this 
fashion. Alas ! Sir, pardon me, for my zele and duty to 
the King, the realm, and your Grace, enforoeth me," and 
my conscience also constraineth me, being (unwortby) a 

I write this to your Grace alone, minding not to be moie 
busy in Council, because I se you like it not ; seing I have 
commodity otherwise to say to your Grace mine opinkn. 
But if your Grace shal mislike also my private advertuft- 
ments of mine opinion, then most humbly I beseech your 
Grace to discharge me of the Council, and my consdenoe 
shal be satisfied. And then in respect of my love to your 
Grace, (which shal never fail,) I wil fal to prayer only to 
God for you and your weldoing in al things. 

You wil now peradventure say unto me, that I have here 
made a long declamation, and spoke of many things that I 
think might be amended, but I say nothing how. And 
things being grown into such a dangerous tumult, I write 
not what I think for mine opinion meet to be don. Yes, 
Sir, that wil I do. First, your Grace must remember that 
saying for the name of a king, and that you must do al 
things in the name of another. Your Grace is, during the 
Kings yong age of imperfection, to do his own things, as it 
were a king, and have his Majesties absolute power. Then, 
Sir, for a king, do like a king, in this matter especially : 
take a noble courage to you for your procedings: whein 
take example at other kings: and you need not seek fiiillier 
for the matter : go no further than to him which dyed last, 
of most noble memory, K. Henry VlII. Kept not he his 
subjects, from the highest to the lowest, in due obe^ence? 
and how? By the only maintenance of justice in due coom; 



which now, being brought out of course, cannot, for any 
thing I 66, be brought to reputation and to an establish- 
ment, but by power or force, which is a grievous hearing, 
if it might be otherwise: but it is better late than never, 
and now the sooner best of al. In Grerinany, when the very 
like tumult to this began first, it might have been appeased 
with the loss of twenty men ; and after, with the loss of an 
c. or cc. But it was thought nothing, and might easily be 
appeased ; and also some spiced consciences taking pity of 
the poor, who indeed knew not what great pity was, nor 
who were the poor, thought it a sore matter to loose so many 
of their even Christian [country folks,] saying, they were 
ample folk, and wist not what the matter meant, and were 
of a godly knowledg : and after this sort, and by such wo- 
manly pity and fond persuasion, sufiPered the matter to run 
eo fiir, as it cost ere it was appeased, they say, a thousand or 
two thousand mens lives. By St. Mary, better so than mo. 

And therfore. Sir, go to, believe me; send for al the 
Coundl that be remaining unsent abroad. And for be- 
tcause there are a good many of the best absent, cal to your 
•Grrace to counsil for this matter six of the gravest and most 
experienced men of the realm, and consult what is best to 
be don, and follow their advices. And for mine opinion, if 
the matter be so far spent, as you cannot without your men 
■rf war help it, send for your Almain horsemen, who ly at 
Cakis, and may for a time be spared : they be in number 
'fittle lack of four thousand horsemen, a goodly band as ever 
I saw for so many. Send for the Lord Ferris and Sir 
iWilliam Herbert, to bring you as many horsemen as they 
may bring wel out of Wales, and such as they dare trust. 
Let the Earl of Shrewsbury bring the like out of JDerby- 113 
dhire, Salopshire, Stafford, and Nottinghamshire, of his 
Mtrants, keepers of forests and parks. Send your self for 
^-your trusty servants to come to you. Appoint the King 
>t6 iy at Winsor, accompanied with al his officers and ser- 
^rants of his household, the pensioners, the men at armes, 
and the guard; and go your self in person, accompanied 
^h the Almatn horsemen, and the said nobkmen and their 

Ff 2 


companies, first into Barkshire, oommanding il the gentle* 
men to attend upon your Grace by such a day, at sudi a 
place, with so many trusty friends and servants as they can 
make. And appoint the chief justices of England, three 
or four of them, to resort with commission of oyer and 
terminer, to that good town which shal be next to the {dace 
where your Grace shal remain, accompanied with certaie 
of the justices of the peace of the same shire : to whom 
your Grace must ^ve commandment to attach him and 
"him, to the number of twenty or thirty, of the rankest knayes 
of the shire. If they come peaceably to justice, let six be 
hanged of the ripest of them without redemption, in sundry 
places of the shire ; the rest remain in prison. And if any 
rich men have been favourers to them in this matta*, let 
the justices take good sureties of his good bearing and ap- 
pearance in the Star-chamber in the next term, to abide a 
further order. Let the horsemen ly in such towns and vil- 
lages as have been most busiest, taking enough for A&t 
mony, that rebels may feel the smart of their villany. Take 
the liberty of such towns as have offended into the Kings 
hands ; you may restore them again at your plesure after- 
wards. If your Grace send some of the doers away far 
from their wives, to the north, or Boloign, to be soldiers or 
pioners, it would do wel. Give them no good words, or 
make no promise in no wise: and thus from one shire 
to another make a progres this hot weather, til you have 
perused al these shires that have offended sithence their 

By this means shal your Grace redub this matter within 
the realm, to your great praise, honour, and estimation in al 
places abroad : which, I assure your Grace by my fidelity, 
is by reason hereof touched wonderfully, both here and in al 
other places of Christendom. Your Grace may say, I shal 
loose the hearts of the people : of the good people you shal 
not, and of the evil it maketh no matter. By this means 
you shal be dread, which hitherto you are not, but of a very 
few that be honest men. By this means you shal driver 
the King an obedient realm ; and may in the mean Ume^ 


during your office, be able for the service of the King to 

bommand what you list ; and so shal be able to continue it,! 

if you wil meddle no more with private suits, but remit 

them to ordinary courses. If you reply, Shal I not hear 

poor mens cases? Why, Sir, when you send him to the 

Chancery, do you not hear him ? So I do, saith your Grace, 

with a letter. Yea, mary Sir, but this letter marreth al : for 

it hath a countenance of your Graces favour in the matter. 

And, Sir, where your Grace saith, that they be a few that 

with inclosures, &c. ^ve this account. Hold your peace to 

jour self, and at leisure in the winter :» let them be sent' Sense im- 

tor one by one, and had in confession, and let such of them 

as be offenders smart for it : wherby both the Kings Majesty 

may have a profit, and the poor men, if that be the sore, be 


Lo ! Sir, thus have I truly and frankly written to your 114 

Grace what I think ; and believe verily, upon the knowledg 

cf mine own sincerity of conscience, that you wil take it 

griciously : for I mean truly and lovingly to your Grace, 

God I take to witnes, whom I beseech with al my heart 

daily to send you as wel to do, as ever man had wished to 

any other, &c. 




A letter sentjrom the Lord Paget concerning BuBoign, to 
the Earl of Warwick^ then lord great mastery the 22d of 
Fehrua/ryy 1649. 

- THESE French men, ye se how lofty they are and haul-MSS. pen. 
lain in al their procedings with us ; and no mervail, for so 
iiey be c^ nature, and our estate (which cannot be hidden 
lato them) encreaseth their courage not a little. They wil 
itfve BuUmn, they say,* by fair means or by foul : they wil 
M longer be tributaries, (as they terme yt.) And here they 
■i furth the power of their King, and of ours as littil as 
ih^ list, with such bragging and braying terfnes and coun- 
as, yf your Lordship had heard and seen Rochepot, 



ye would have judged hym a man more mete to Biake of 
peace a warre, than of warre a peace. 

Debt they wil recognize none: for they say, (though 
they 8ay untruly,) that you have made th«n spend, and 
have taken upon the seas of theirs, ten times as mudi«B 
the debt comyth to. Nevertheles, say they, let us have 
Bulloine, and wype away al pretences that you make to us, 
and aske a reasonable summe, and we wil make you a rea- 
sonable aunswer. Or yf ye wil not, in respect of your mas- 
ters yong age, acquit his pretence, let us have Bulloin, and 
we wyl agree with you for y t upcm a reasonable summe, and 
reserve you to your master the droictSj that he pretendetb, 
and we to ours his defences for the same, and so to make 
a peace. And yf ye afterwards demaund nothii^ of us, 
we demaund nothing of you : kepe you within your lymits, 
which Grod hath gyven you enclosed with the seas, (saving 
your Calays, wherunto ye have ben maried theis two or 
three hundred yeres, and therfore God send you joy with 
it,) and we our lymitts upon the land, and we shal Ijrve t^- 
gy ther in peace. And other bargain than this we wil sot 

To repete here what reasons we made to enduce them to 
reason, that shal not nede, though I for my own part could 
devise litil: yet I assure your Lordship, with the good 
help of theis wise men, to whom I am assocyate, there was, 
1151 beleve, as much said, as wherby they ought to have ben 
persuaded to agre to our requests ; but al would not serve. 

By the consent of the colleagues, I provoked a private 
talk betwene Mortier, or Chastillon, and me, or some other 
of us, apart, thinking therby to have practised sumidiat; 
but it would not be. They would in no wise talk apart 
with any of us, but. We wil have this, and wil have none 
other : we pray you of a short aunswer, for we wil not tary: 
we wil not advertise our master, for it nedyth not: we 
know his mjad fully; and yf he had mynded eny thing ells, 
then we know, no dowbt, but he wold have declared k 
unto us. And so after some consultation, agreed- at the 
last to tary tyl we did advertise, and heard out of l^i^^and 

OF originals: 4m 

agfiiii ; requiring us to send for any ample and determinate 
resolution for every thing. 

Lo ! Sir, thus standeth the case : and what is now to be 
don, in good faith, I cannot wel tel, and am at my witts end. 
Thdr orguil is intolerable, their disputations be unreason- 
aUe, their conditions to us dishonorable, and, which is worst 
of al, our esiiate at home miserable. What then f Of many 
evils, let us chuse the least Then first, we must knowledg 
(which we cannot denye) the evil condition of our estate at 
h<Rne: which reoognisaunce is the first degree to amend- 
ment. The next is, to know the cause of the evil ; and that 
is warre, supposed to be, yf not the only, at the least one 
of the chiefest amongst many great. How many, how great 
occasions of mischief the warre hath engendred to England ? 
Of yU mony, wherby outward things be dearer. Of con- 
veying out of al kind of our commodities to forrein parts, 
under pretence of our furniture of men of warre, wherby 
eur inward things be dearer ; of breeding idlenes among 
the people, great couraiges, disposition to imagyne and in- 
vent novelties, grudgings, devices to amend this and that, 
and an hundred myscheves more ; which make my hart 
sorry to thynk upon: and these be the frutes of warre. 
Then yf the disease wil not be taken away, but the causes 
be taken away, also warre (which is one chief cause) must 
be taken away. But that shal not be taken away (say the, 
French) but upon this condition or that condition, as be- 
fore I have spoken of two. They wil have BuUoin, they 
say, and quarels ({uyte crossed, and gyve you a sgmme of 
money, and make peace, leaving to each prince his pre- 
tences and defences. But thys, say we, may be the occasion 
of a new warre another tyme. Demaund, say they, nothing 
of us, no more then we wil demaund of you ; and then that 
shal be no new ooca^on. 

Wel, what moveth us to stick ? Mary, the leaving ot 
Bidkon. Ye do consider, whyther we be hable to kepe yt, 
maulgre the French. Rochepot sayth, and braggeth, tbait 
their King is not a King John, but a French l^ng, sucli 
liath conquered Rome, and bene feared of the rest; 

F f 4 


wil have BuUoin again, (whosoever sayeth nay,) and tdleth*. 
us, how we are in poverty and mutinies at hcmie, beset al 
about with enemies, having no frinde to socour us ; destitute 
of mony to furnish us, and so far in debt as hardly we can 
find any credytors. Yf yt be not this, then Rochepot lyeth: 
but yf y t be this, it b good to consider, whither yt be better 
to let them have Bulloin again, and to have sumwhat for yt, 
1 l6and to lyve in peace, tyl our master come to a m(xce age, 
leaving to hym some store of mony to revenge hym, (yf thai 
he shal think he have cause reasonable,) to have good op* 
portunite for the stay of the things at home, and to put in 
good our polycy ; or els, for want and insufficiency, to lose 
Bulloin without any recompence, to lyve in warre without 
synews ; and for lack of good opportunite, to be forced to 
let things at home unredressed. 

Yea, but the pension is a gret matter. Wote you what 
the French commissioners say ? It is true, (they say,) the 
pension was grawnted, but the tyme is toumed : then wa& 
then, and now is now. Yt was grawnted by the Frendi 
King that dead is, (they say,) to the King of England that 
dead is, and to his successors in the crown of England. The 
King of France (they say) cannot by hys symple grawDt, 
without confyrmation of Parlyament, bind his successors. 
And so (say they) the same treaty, where the pensyon is 
grawnted, doth purport. And when '(say they) was yt 
grawnted ? Mary, when your master saw tyme to make his 
bargain best, though his ministers toke not hede to knytt it 
surely up by Parlyament. And that tyme was, when he had 
the gages in his hand ; viz, our master and tbemperour at 
one tyme, and so might make his bargain hymself as he 
lyst. And we wil use yt as you did, when tyme served you: 
for we know our estate, and that you are not hable to war 
with us. With these and such other comparysons the French 
face us. 

Wei then, they wyl, yt semyth, pay us no pension; novii 
it to be considered, whither it be better to forbear <NVIP(. 
sion, (for they are so good unto us 
to reserve our pretence,) to lose 


in rec(Hnpence, and to lyve stil in warre ; or els to lose Bul- 
linn, to forbear our pension, to have some recompence, to 
lyve in peace, Sec and to leave to our mftster his chum, yi 
he shal think yt good. 

I am soiye I have not here the copy of the treaties of 
peace made in an. 14 and 15 of our Lord ; which was upon 
the first warres of the King our late master, of most wm- 
thy memory : for yf I had, then could I write therof cer- 
tainly. I pray your Lordship in any wyse to cause that to 
be furtbwith looked up ; for yt is to purpose. But, as I re- 
member, yt shal appere that then our s^d master, being 
Irft by the King his father raervelous welthy, rich, wel 
obeyed of his subjects, in peace ; furnished with friendship 
of Spain, Flaunders, Rome, and Almainej entred the warrs 
to recover his right of France. But in conclusion what 
tight gat he P Mary, made a peace, and calculing certain 
(Jd debts to King Edward his graund&ther,' and some to 
the King his father, agreed with the French King upon a 
mas of ten hundred thousand crowns, to be payd, as I re- 
Btonber, in yerea, without having any pension, or other 
diing. Delivered afterward Turwin and Tumaye : having 
Edc Tarwyn nothing, and for Tumaye (which had cost the 
keping no smal sommes of inony) six hundred thousand 
caroTnes. This being thus, as I take yt to be, (praying your 
Lordship to let yt be loked up,) the exemple is much to 
move the peace. 

Now compaiing the times, the estates, and al other cir-. 
cunifltances of the Kings Majesty our master that now is, 
to the tyme, estates, and orcumstances of the King his fa- 
ther, b^g in his most florishing prosperitie, which yt may 
like you by your wisdome to conader with the rest of the 1 1 7 
vise heddes there, and to take in good part my good mean- 
ing ta this matter: which is not to prejudice your wis- 
doaMSr (knowing my self a fool,) but to lay before you the 
iimdnes of my imagination : wliich yf you find fond in al 
^ees, lay that under the feet, (I pray you,) and cover yt 
I heap of my good wyl and de^e. But that the af- 
9 v^Santesd, I could not chuse but open my 


fantafflie: and the rather, for tliat your Lordship and sum 
others, that be my good lords and irends, have the may- 
ninge of them ; beseching Grod to ^ve you the grace to 
mayne and conduct them as I do wish. 

If you find any thing in it not fond, use yt as you like. 
It may please your good Lordship to move the rest, that yf 
ye shal think good to agree upon a somme of mony, then to 
advertise us in your common letter the most and the least, 
the maner of the pa}rment, in hand or at dayes. If at any 
days, (which under correction I wish not, though yt be 
less,) than what dayes, and what assurance for the payment 
Item, the lowest point you wil come to for Scotland. And 
thus with my humble and most hartie commendatioiis, &c. 


The prayer ttsed at a pvblic fast for a great dearth. 

As yt pleasyth Grod, so be y t 

Fo»i MSS. OH ! eternal, everlastyng, and righteous Gkxl, before 
whose Hyghnes we, presentyng us this day accordyug to 
our dewtyes, and fourme of thy word, do confess unto thee 
owr offences, sinnes, and wickednes, which thus have de- 
sarved theys thy great plagis and grevous punishments ; for 
neglectyng thy word and brekyng thy commaundments. 
And as thou hast commaundyd by Joel thy prophet to pro- 
clay me afobstyng, to caU the cofngregamm, gaiheryng ike 
elders and inhabyters of the land unto the house of God, 
a/nd cry unto hym, sayeing, Alass! ahissifbr thys day, Jnd 
why? the Lords day is at ha/nd, and corny th as a destrof/er 
from the Almighty, The sede shal perish in the grownd, 
the,graners shal ly wast, thejloris shall be broken down: 
for the corn shal be destroyed. And bycaus, sayeth Aggeus, 
every man runne to his owne, the heavens is fbrbodden io 
gyve eny dew, the earth isfbrboden to gyve you encrease, 
I have caSydfor a drowght upon the land and moontayns^ 
upon corn, upon wyne, upon oyl, and every iking that Ae 
grewnd bryngythfurthy upon men, upon caMel^ and upc^ t^ 



^ labour. And dso, O Lord God, as thou hast sayd by 
2S, that yf owr harts deceyve us, thow beyng wroth 
nst us, wouldest shut up the heavens, that ther be no 
■e, and that the land shuld not yeHfurth hyr encrease. 
thowgh we have deservyd, as in Ahabs tyme Elias 
er prevaylyd, that for the space of three yens no rayne 
ew dyd f^, tyl al thyngs was consumyd, as now thys 
y t ys cum to pass : yet, O Lord, behold us with the 118 
vites, owr humylyacion befor thy Maiestie, apperyng 
this day, to cal on thee for mercy, which with Solo- 
pray unto thee, Yfthat the heaven be shut up, and that 
J be no rayne, because that tee have synnyd against 
yet prayeiig in this place, and knowledge to thy name, 
tume us from owr synnes through thy shourging us, 
hears thou us in heaven, and be merci/ul to the synnys 
\y sarvants and people, t/iat thow shew us that good 
, wherinjbr to leaik, and gyve rayne on the land thow 
gyven us to enheryt. Send, Lord, thy sweet dewes 
ly heavenly grace, so to refresh and water the plants of 
harts, that we so repent, and bo optayne thy marcy, as 
our general prayer may be acceptyd of thee. And as 
r hast promysyd, wher two or three be gatheryd toge- 
m thy name to grawnt their requests, behold here so 
y as callyth upon thee in feyth and humylyacion. Ap- 
yng to thy marcy, thow canst us not deny to grawnt 
WT requests ; lest the ungodly bost against the cause of 
religion. They wold deny thy favour unto us oft ex- 
1yd, they, seyng now thy work in our pebdon grawnt. 
, may with us altogether prayse and worship thee with 
iks for this thy marcy. To whom, O Grod owr Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost, be al prayse and glory, for ever 
everlastingly. Amen. 



Bticer to A Lctsco^ concerning the controversy about wear- 

ing the habits. 

Amplissimo Domino et Cokndissimo SymmysUB, 

Joam^ni A Lasco. 

EBibiiotb. THE Lord graunt unto us, in these troublesome tune» 
Epil?'^ of the Church, to be^n and finish al things, that offences 
Eiien. and dangers be not encreased. Amen. 

The more diligently I weigh and consider, both what 
fruit we may gather by this controversy of vestures, and 
also what Satan goeth about therby to work, I would have 
wished before the Lord, that it never once had been spoken 
of, but rather that al men of our function had agreably 
and stoutly gon forward, and continued in teaching true 
repentance, the wholsome use of al things, yea5 dcid com* 
mending and putting on the apparel of salvation. I se, 
not in a few, alas ! I say, I se mervailous diligence in abo- 
lishing Amalec, concerning stones, stocks, vestures, and 
those things that be wi'thout us, when in their deeds and 
whole life they most stiffly maintain the whole Amalec stil. 
I know also some that help forward this strife, so that in 
the mean time the chief and most necessary points are les 
regarded and called upon ; that is, of removing sacrilegious 
persons from spoiling of churches, of providing fit ministers 
for every parish, of the restoring of disciplin again. 
II q As for my part, if I thought ceremonies and vestures 
were impure of themselves, I would not take upon me in 
any wise the office of a bishop, till by ordinary authority 
they were taken away, &c. But to the purpose, I think it 
not impertinent unto this matter, that we al be admonished 
to take heed of Satans accustomed slights, wherby he lead- 
eth us away from the care of necessary things, to carefulness 
about those things which may be wel let pass, and from the 
searching out of the true doctrin of Christ, to induce to use 
those things wherin few can consent alike ; and finally, by 
the which he kindleth in divers men a zele to purge those 
things which are without us ; therby to neglect our inward 


dtformities. And seeing whatsoever we do, in word or deed, 
both privately and publicly, we ought to do it in the name 
of our Lord Jesus Christ, ^ving thanks by him to God the 
Father ; surely it is our duty no les circumspectly to be- 
ware, that we neither do, nor leave undon any thing wher- 
by we have not sure or certain authority out of Gods word, 
touching our actions and matters, domestical and ecclesias- 
tical. It is alway and in all things sin, whatsoever is not of 
faith of the certain word of God. 

But to consider this question in it self. I have, according 
to ray gift, weighed your reasons ; and yet I can perceive 
no other, but that the use of al external things, as wel in 
holy ceremonies as in private matters, ought to be left free 
to the churches of God. I cal that^^^ iLse wherin godly 
men use things created of God without any superstition, and 
to a certain edifying of their faith in Christ. I verily, as I 
have confessed unto you, and have declared indeed unto our 
countrymen, had rather that no kind of vesture which the 
Papists used were retained among us. And that both for 
the more ful detestation of the Antichristian priesthood, 
and also for plainer advouching of Christian liberty ; yea, 
and to be short, for the avoiding of dangerous contentions 
among the brethren. Tho^ notwithstanding I would have 
the ministers of churches to use sage vesture, and such 
wherby they might be discerned from other men. But 
chiefly, I would have al the disciplin of Christ to be in 
force among us. Yet I cannot be brought by any scrip- 
tures, as far as I se hitherto, to deny, that the true ministers 
of Christs Church may use without superstition, and to a 
certain edification of faith in Christ, any of those vestures 
which the Antichristians abused. For what should let, but 
that the churches may use that white vesture^ or more vesh 
tures, to admonish us precisely of that divine benefit which 
he by the holy ministry of the Church dealeth unto us : the 
ben^t, I say, of the light and dignity of that heavenly 
doctrin; and by the which also the ministers themsdives 
.may be the more mindful of their office, and had, both for 
ity and by the admonishment of that outward token, in 


greater reverence of the oommon peo[de of the Chimji ? 
Whether we wil or no, we are compelled to confes, that the 
ensignes of them that bear public offices help somewhat to 
retain and encrease the authority of magistrates and public 
powers, if other things want not, by the which the true 1 
reverence is ^ven unto them. For if these things be not 
joyned with ensignes^ they induce not a veneration, but ra- 
ther the singular detestation of them who unworthily use 
these notes of vertue. Ensignes indeed are sdgnes, and not 
120 the things: yet how much they are able to admonish and 
move the mind, Gkxl giving the encrease, he that observed! 
wil wonder. 

Wherfore, wheras otherwise the true dignity of ministers 
is evident, and if any particular Church by public judgment 
do consent upoti the retaining of certain vestures, only for 
the commending unto us of the gifts c^ Grod, which he 
giveth by the ministry of the Church ; and for to put the 
yonger and ruder sort in mind without al superstition, truly 
I cannot se, why such use of vestures in such a Church may 
not serve to some commendation of the holy ministry, and 
so consequently to the edification of faith. For what let is 
there, but that at this day they which are endued with the 
same spirit of faith, may use a few signes as godly, as the 
antient holy men have used many. They had, you wil say, 
expres writing concerning the use of their signes. I grant; 
and indeed it made much touching the true use of their 
signes. But in that God did command the use of those and 
many other things, we certainly know that the use of those 
«ignes may serve, he giving grace, to promote true religion; 
and that it hath none uncleannes in itself or superstition, 
neither can be by the abuse of the wicked so polluted, that 
it cannot be healthful to godly men, using it godly. Now 
when as God by his word hath sanctifyed al things by our 
prayers, and hath made al things pure to the pure, what 
cause can we allege out of the word of God, to deny, that 
God wil not bless such use of signes wherof we speak, that 
it should not be efFectuous to that Church, to some conmioi- 
•dation of the ministry, and therof also to some edification 


tif faith r For how can it be, but that he which promised 
to Ues al the work of our hands, which we take in his name, 
wil deny his blessing to these signes, seing he hath no where 
forbidden such an use of them as we have expounded, and 
hath made us lords of his sabboth, and al odier things of 
this world ? 

But if we grant that these things which I have spoken 
eonoeming the use of such signes, may be, it is certainly 
the part of brotherly charity, commandea us by God, to 
leave such use of such signes in such a Church, free to the 
judgment and conscience of that congregation ; except we 
se an open abuse either of superstition, as if these things 
were used as containing in them some part of godly worship 
of themselves ; or of contention, as if they displeased the 
greater and better part of the Church ; or of getting of good 
wil of some men, whom in these things we ought not to 
gratify, because they therby go about to bring a servitude 
unworthy for Christian men. 

It is evident at S. Pauls time, by the most clear scrip- 
tmres of God, that the use of days, meats, and al other par- 
ticular things were made free. And it was a sure token of 
infirmity in faith to doubt therof. Yet the Holy Ghost 
pronounceth, that such weaklings ought to be received, not 
to the troubling of their cogitations, and not to be con- 
tenmed of the stronger in f^th. And that in these things it 
might be granted to every one to be sure of his own sense, 
seeing that the Lord hath received these weaklings. Now 
i£ the Holy Ghost would have men to yield so much to 
tkem which were in a manifest error, in as much as they 
•depended upon him in the chiefest and necessary parts of 
wicere religion, what ought to be granted to these concern- 
ing the free use of external things, which we cannot convict 121 
rf any error by Gods word ? For howsoever I expend and 
^fexomine those your two arguments, (that is, they are the 
imitatkxi of the Aaronical priesthood, and the marks of An- 
«tichri8tB priesthood, and therfore ought to be eschued of 
them, that love Christ,) yet that thing which you would is 
tid hereby excluded. For to imitate Aarons ceremonies is 


not of it self vitious, but only then when men use them as 
necessary to salvation, or to signify that Christ is yet for to 
come, to take flesh upon him. Fcnr if by no means it be 
lawful to use those things which were of Aarons priesthood, 
or of the gentils, then is it not la¥rful for us to have 
churches nor holydays. For there is no expres command- 
ment by word. It is gathered notwithstanding from the 
example of the old people, that they are profitable for us to 
the encrease of godlines. 

Which thing also experience proveth. For any thing to 
be a note of Antichrist, is not in the nature of any creature 
in it self, (for to that end nothing was made of God,) but 
it hangeth altogether of consenting to Antichrists religion, 
and the professing therof. The w^ich consent and proftfr- 
sion being changed into the consent and profession of 
Christianity, there can stick in the things themselves no 
note or mark of Antichrists religion. The use of bels was i 
mark of Antichristianity in our churches, when the people 
by them was called to masses, and when they were nn^ 
against tempests ; now they are a token of Christianity, 
when the people by them are gathered together to the gos- 
pel of Christ, and other holy actions. Why may it not then 
be, that the self same garments may serve godly with godly 
men, that were of wicked signification with the ungodly? 
Truly, I know very many ministers of Christ, most godly 
men, who have used godly these vestures, and at this day 
do yet use them. So that I dare not for this cause ascribe 
unto them any fault at al, much les so hainous a fault of 
communicating with Antichrist. For the which fault we 
may utterly refuse to communicate with them in Chriat 
The priests of devils did celebrate in their sacrifices the 
distribution of bread and the cup, as Justinus Martyr and 
TertuUian make mention. What let is there why we may 
not use the same ceremonies also ? You wil say. We have a 
commandment of the Lord touching this ceremony. \gj 
wel : and by the self same it appeareth, ^same thing to 
serve among the children of Grod to the service of Clufist, 
which the wicked abused in the service of devils, if thi 


ecMnmandment of Christ be added therto. But it is the com- 
mandment of Christ, that in our holy actions we institute 
and use al things, so as comelmes and order be observed, 
that £Euth may be edified. 

Now if any Church judge and have experience, (such as 
I doubt not there are many this day in Germany,) that the 
nse of such vesture bringeth some commendation to the 
holy ministration, and therby helpeth somewhat in the 
way of ocHnelines and order to the encrease of faith ; what^ 
I pray you, can be brought out of the Scriptures, why that 
Church is not to be left to her own judgment in this matter, 
ndther therfore to be contemned, or to be called into ques- 
tion for her judgment sake ? That Church verily wil keep in 
these things a mean agreeable to the cros of Christ, and 
wil diUgently attend, that no abuse creep into it. If ther-122 
fore you wil not admit such liberty and use of vesture to 
th]£( pure and holy Church, because they have no com- 
mandment of the Lord, nor no example of it, I do not se 
how you €an grant to any Church, that it may celebrate the 
Lords supper in the morning, and in an open church espe> 
cially consecrate to the Lord ; that the sacrament may be 
4]istributed to men kneeling or standing, yea, to women as 
>'wel as to men. For we have received of these things neither 
.commandment of the Lord, nor any example ; yea, rather 
the Lord gave a contrary example. For in the evening, and 
JD a private house, he did make his supper, and distri- 
'bute die sacrament, and that to men only, and sitting at the 

But it wil be objected, that in England many use ves- 
.tures with manifest superstition, and that they do nourish 
and oonfirm in the people superstition. Even so, it may be 
:aDSwered, very many abuse al this whole sacrament, as also 
.baptism, and al other ceremonies. Therfore let us withstand 
.thk mischief, and vanish it utterly. Wherunto, tho' it may 
,be thatt the taking away of vestures may help something, 
 yet to drive away al this mischief it will not suffice. Nay, 
the priests themselves must be first removed, and in their 
.looms placed faithful ministers in the kingdom of Cbristf 

VOL. 11. FART II. G g 


«uch as be learned indeed, and godly affected. To this 
therfore, to this, I say, must we chiefly endeayour our 
selves, that the hearts of the people may be purged by 
faith : which faith is first encreased by the hearing of the 
word of God. This hearing is brought by the preachers of 
the gospel. 

Such therfore let us pray for. And that there may be 
store of them, let us be earnest in our reformation : let tbsxe 
be a visitation of the Universities, whence many fit ministors 
for churches may be gotten : let us never cease to cry out 
against that sacrilege, that the fattest benefices are granted 
4x) unworthy men, in respect of their worldly service; that 
the parishes are so miserably undon through papistical 
slights and violence. These, these, I say, are certain pa- 
pistical facts : against these ought we chiefly to bend our 
force ; but to be stout and earnest against stones,, stocks, 
vestures, and such other things, which of themselves neither 
bring gain, piesure, nor honor, it is a very easy matter to the 
hearer and speaker, especially those that be discharged firom 
papistical superstition : for by the shaking off such things, 
great mens stomacs are not offended. But to remore 
church-robbers from the spoils of churches, and to do al 
things possible to this end and purpose, that every parish 
may be provided of convenient ministers, and that curats 
may have sufficient for their sustentation, and to aid them 
to the ful restitution of Christs disciplin ; this is a thing of 
great moment. This is a hard thing to al them which are 
not able to say with S. Paul, For Christ is to me lifcj and 
death is to me advantage. And again, Godjbrhid thai I 
shouM rejoyce^ saving in tlie cros of our Ijord Jesus Christy 
wherin the world is crucified to m£^ and I to the world. 

It pleaseth me right wel, that al Antichrists trash should 
be removed as far as might be: I mean not only his ensignes 
and marks, but al his steps and shadows, in what thing so- 
ever they seem to stand, whether it be in stocks, stones, 
garments, or whatsoever other thing else it be. But let us 
endeavour our selves to banish first the body and substance 
of Antichrist ; and then after, his ensignes, steps, and sha- 


dows. The body and substance of Antichrist consisteth in 123 
the wicked destroyers and spoilers of churches : by whose 
means not only Christs disciplin, but also the whole doctrin 
is opprest, and put out of place. 

When I consider these things, and again look back, as I 
ought to do, towards the precepts of the Lord, and his ex- 
amples, I wish with al my heart, that as many of us that wil 
be Christs followers indeed, even so we earnestly go about 
to restore his kingdom, as the Lord himself went about to 
begin it, and that we seek it before al other things ; and let 
the preachers in al doctrin and disciplin instruct the people, 
and be such, who, for our Lord Christs sake, and the preach- 
ing of the gospel, wil be ready to leave al ; and that by 
these mens ministry w* bring the people to the kingdom of 
Christ. And let us appoint to every flock thereof faithful 
shepherds, who may labour no les to cal again the true notes 
and marks of Christianity, as to abolish utterly the marks 
and notes of Antichristianity : which I would so abolished, 
that there remained not so much as the memory of them in 
any mens hearts. But seing that these things cannot be 
brought to pas without Christs kingdom be fully received, I 
trould wish that al we should to that end bestow al our 
strength u^to the which work. Forasmuch as we need 
i&any workfellows, I would wish, with al such as truly love 
:he Liord Jesus, that we set apart all dissension, and joyn in 
me perfect concord, to endeavour our selves to set upon the 
xxnmon adversary. 

We se now, being taught by the experience of so many 
l^ears, that the Lord granteth but to a few to depart from 
that sentence which they have once fastened themselves in ; 
especially if they have also contended for the same : so that 
we shal be enforced either to dissolve Christian communion 
with many whom the Lord hath received, or else we must 
give place one to another ; to the intent that either of them 
may rest in their own judgment, tho the other dissent. It 
if a very hard thing indeed, yea to most holy men, to deny 
thennelves; and he is seldome found among men, which 
womld not be content rather to yield in his patripiony, than 



in the opinion of his wit Now then, when ius we sqe Al- 
mighty God bear this our infirmity in us so merdifiilly, ff 
on the hardnes of our hearts, if the example of our Loid 
and God cannot encline and mollify our hearts to the fike 
mercy and patience. 

Wherfore I conclude that we ought to take great diligent 
heed, first, that we take not upon us straitway to detenmne 
al questions as they rise ; yea, let us stir none at at, vhkh 
. throughly tend not to the kingdom of Christ : let us ackoov- 
ledg the weaknes of our wit and judgment; let us stand it 
fear of our natural arrc^ancy , and our peevish self wil in our 
-own inventions. Al things necessary unto salvation are Kt 
unto us openly, clearly, and plenteously in the holy Saq^ 
tures; and in the study and perfection therof every one of 
us wanteth very much. Let us labour then to fulfill, and 
once to make up our imperfections with godly studies. Qf 
al other matters let us dispute most warily, let us define mot 
slowly or never, let us contend at no time. If at any time 
through craft of Satan, or our own n^legence, variance «hal 
1 24 rise in these things, let us betimes leave off from the same^ 
as soon as we can, by whatsoever way we may ; or els let us 
make some truce in them : seldome is there any victory ob- 
tained, yea, never whole victory gotten. 

Hereby, most godly Sir, you se undoubtedly what is best 
to be don, both in this controversy of vestures, as also of the 
liberty of other ceremonies. I had rather than much goods 
this question had never been moved : but now seing it is 
moved, I wish it to be given over, and deferred to some 
other time. These your two arguments, '^ It is a piece of 
^^ Aarons priesthood, and therfore contumelious towuds 
^^ Christ now exhibited, as then glorious when he was to be 
" exhibited.*" Secondarily, " These are notes of Antiduis- 
" tianity, and therfore not to be used of men given to 
" Christianity."" These reasons, I say, conclude not, in mj 
judgment, that which you took in hand : for we bomiv 
many things godly from the order of Aaron'^s priesthood to 
the glory of Christ now exhibited. So many things whid 
the Antichrists have made marks of their impiety, may be 


made tokens of the kingdom of Christ ; as the signes of 
bread and wine, the water of baptism, the laying on of the 
lumds, preachings, churches, holy days, and many other 
things. Aliso these places of Scripture are of great scope ; 
The earth and the fuLnes therqfis of the Lord; not of the 
Devil, not of Antichrist, not of the wicked, not against the 
Son of man. Lord of his sabboth : and, The sabboth is made 
Jot many and not man Jbr the sabboth : and, Al things are 
pure to the pure : and, Every creature of God is good, nor 
can be defiled by good men, by the abuse of evil men. The 
word of Grod must be followed in al respects, as wel in oui* 
private actions as public : for al things are to be don in the 
name of the Lord Jesus, and to the glory of God. Then 
such liberty as we grant to our selves in our private use of 
external things, let us not deny in public. The true Spirit 
of Christ going about to overthrow Antichrist, overthroweth 
first those things which are chief and peculiar unto him : for 
first the Spirit of Christ endeavouring the restitution of 
Christ''s kingdom, restoreth first doctrin and disciplin, which 
be the chief and peculiar points of Christs kingdom. 
' Tlis colourable craft of Satan also must be taken heed ofj 
by the which he bringeth to pas oftentimes, that either we 
reckon those things sins which are no sins, and those that be 
&ns indeed we seem not to regard them in our selves ; or els, 
against those sins which our conscience defines to be sins in- 
deed, we use no such severity as we ought. 

The Lord grant that you, right worshipful friend, may 
reli^ously weigh these things. I know you seek the glory 
of Christ, and I have heard of you, wherin I rejoice, that 
you are careful of your judgment, so that you dare not 
Btraitway reckon the same for sure and certain, tho' you seem 
to follow plainly the word of God, thinking with your self 
that you are a man, and that you may slide out of the way : 
theirfore I desire and beseech you, by the cross of the Son of 
GUxl^ by the salvation of the churches, which are at this day 
overwhelmed vrith calamities, by the desired consent that we 
should seek to reign in al churches, by the peace that is in 
Christ Jesus; again, I desi)*e and beseech you,' that you'cb 




nothing rashly in this question of ceremonies. You have 
126 seen Veak members in the churches of Saxony ; you have 
seen also many things, for the which you ^ve Grod thanks. 
LfCt no man therfore, except it be upon great necesdtyi cast 
oiF those whom the Lord hath so notably taken to him. ! 
would to Grod the state of the churches of France, Italy, 
Poland, were brought to this point. Let us in this realm 
take godly heed, that we suffer not unawares the Devils in- 
tent, who throweth in among us sundry questions and ood- 
troyerdes ; lest we should take in hand to hinder the question 
of setting forward the doctrin of the gospel, and restoring 
of disdplin ; and therby to remove al drones from ecdeaas- 
tical and scholastical ministries : this Satan, when he cannot 
retiun the order of bishops wholly in service unto him, he 
goeth about utterly to abolish this order ; and by that occa- 
sion so to spoil the churches, that while due stipends want, 
the holy ministry may be committed to the vilest of the 
rascal people. 

Let us take heed of these co^tations of Satan, and let ut 
withstand them as much as we can, by the power of the 
Lord ; and by no means unadvisedly to help them forward : 
for we are, who sincerely profess the Lord Jesus, and none 
of us there is, which is not opprest with much infirmity. 
Therfore let us receive one another as the Lord hath re- 
ceived us : let us yield mutually one to another, as the Lord 
hath yielded to us : which sincere and dutiful love, if it bear 
stroke among us, we shal be able with one spirit and one 
mouth, and with our whole might, tx) discomfit the body 
and substance of Antichrist. And so afterward, without any 
offence of the good, and with certain edification of fidth 
among the children of God, we may bring to pas the utter 
defaceing of al the marks, steps, and shadows of Antichrist 
Oh ! Lord Jesu, thou our only peacemaker, as wel with 
the Father, as between our selves, banish out of our minds 
whatsoever draweth us insunder, whatsoever darkneth the 
clearnes of judgment among our selves, whatsoever by anj 
way hindreth the absolute concord in thy ministers, in de* 
fence of thy kingdom, and in destroying the tyranny of Asti* 


christ* Pour into our minds thy Holy Ghost, which may 
lead us into al truth : who grant us to se and take in himd 
hi one thing; but first of al that which is chiefest: wherby 
the strength of thy kingdom may be restored unto us, and 
al things pertaining to Antichrist may clearly be blotted out 
of al mens hearts and memories. The goodnes and love of 
the Son of Grod, for his infinite love sake towards us, vouch- 
safe to give us these things, to the glory of his name, to the 
salvation of the elect, and that the wicked say not stil, Where 
is their Christ ? Amen. 

Deditissimtis tibi in Domino, 

Martinus Bticerus. 

MM. 126 

Haper to Martin Bu^cer, Jbr his Judgment concerning wear- 
ing the habits. 

To Mr. Martifi Biecery D,D. his wortliy reader, amd 
master most reverend, grace and pea^ce Jrom ihe 
Lordy ^c. 

FOR what cause I am now in trouble, most reverend, yeE Bibiioth. 
shal understand by this messenger in writing. I pray you^tk^'^P' 
that you would vouchsafe once to give it the reading : and 
if that you shal espy any error therin, I desire you to sig- 
nify it unto me by your letters. If any thing hath been 
uttered too darkly, and with fewer words than the cause re- 
quireth, I pray you that you would set it out in the margin 
with more light and apter words. If ye se the cause just 
and meet for a godly minister, subscribe therunto in the end, 
1 heartily pray you. 

I send you al that I have written before, three years ago, 
upon the Ten Precepts; that your worthines may know 
what my judgment is in the case of divorse. I pray you, 
vouchsafe to read it, that if I have erred in this part by hu- 
mane oversight, I may be advertised by your learning and 
fiitherly admonition, that I may reform the same. I pray 
jour fatherhood therfore, and I doubt not but I shal aoon 



obudn^ that you would help the Churdi in her oonffictbf 
the great and most notable fffts of Grod undoubtedfyW* 
Btowed upon you. I require the same of Mr. Doctor [Peter] 
Martyr. To whom, after your sentence and prudent jod^ 
ment is known, this messenger which I Bend, shal npsA 
The Lord Jesus long preserve your worthines. At London 
the 17 Octob. 1550. 

Yours in heart and {vayer al whole, ^ 

John Hepcr. 


Martin Bucer to John Hoper^ in anstoer to thejoregdng 


UUtupn. GRACE and peace from the Lord. Reverend Sr, I 
have diligently perused over your letters and writings oon- 
ceming apparel: and verily this controversy, which •> 
grievously hindreth your ministry and other, maketh me 
exceeding sory. I could have wished to have ^ven a giest 
127 deal, that either it had not been moved at al, or ds that it 
were speedily removed and taken away : for by these kti 
and stays, Satan prolongeth his ful banishment from among 
the people of God. How much I desire, good Sir, to have 
al things reduced as wel to the apostolic simplicity in ex. 
temal things, as also to the ful and perfect religion of ad- 
vancing Gods glory, not only in matters internal, but abo 
external, I trust, you doubt nothing at al : for whersoever 
the congregations have heard me speak, as at Argentina 
Ulma, Augusta, Casella, and many other places, I never 
procured to have a special kind of apparel in the administra- 
tion of the sacraments. And that abuse which I se of these 
garments remaining stil in England in many places, (the 
more pity,) I would gladly suffer some great torment in my 
flesh that they were wel taken away, not only with al the 
marks and badges of Antichrists profession, but also with al 
the sinews and peculiar detriments which as yet in most hor- 
rible sort, bear sway every where in England: for church 


robbers do stil hold and spcnl the chief parish churches, and 
oonmonly one man hath four, or six, or more of them. And 
it IS rqiorted, that there are many which bestow two or three 
benefices upon their stewards or huntsmen ; and yet on that 
nidition, that they may reserve a good portion of the 
cbdesiastical profits unto themselves alone, and cause vicars 
Id serve the cures, such as they may hire best cheap, not 
mch as are most fit for that ofiice. Both the Univerinties, 
OQt of which meet persons ought to be taken, are miserably 
boubled by many, which either are Papists or epicures. 

Hereof it is that there are so few gospellers, that ye shal 
have many chiurches which in five, six, or more years, have 
beard no godly sermon. Al divine service is so coldly, dis- 
orderly, and blindly uttered of the counterfeit parish priests 
or Ticars, that it is as wel understood of the people, as if it 
were read in the Afric or Indian tongue. Baptism is mi- 
Qistred in the presence of a few light women, that have more 
mind of dallying. When manages are solemnized, they 
lirattle and play. The Lords supper in many places celc- 
Ivated as a mas, from which the people know not that it any 
tbing differeth, but that it is used in the mother tongue ; 
and some one hired for money receiveth the sacraments. As 
&r Christs flock, there is no due regard of it. They make 
no conference of the Catechism with the ignorant sort. 
Hiere is no public nor private admonition ^vcn to them 
^ich be dack in their duty, or otherwise offend, wherby the 
grievous offenders might be bound to repentance ; and they 
whidi have don penance might be absolved ; and they which 
stubbornly des[nse the congregation, might be accountccl tor 
infidels. How many of them knoweth that God hath ho 
commanded? They which have made no confesacm of thcfir 
fidth either in word or deed before the congregation, are acU 
mitted to al things belonging to Christ. They come with 
empty hands befcxe the face of God into the holy congrega^ 
tion. There is no due r^ard of the poor. The Cliurch 
hath no patrimony* The churches are conunrjn for ungodly 
tales and bargains; and at service time the most fiait wra 
tiiffiiigy or <iociifHed with worldly affiiirs. Tlie law of tJte 


H. Ghost concerning apparel set forth by Paul and Peter, 
that our women, (much rather men,) should be attired with 
comely apparel, with shamefastness and modesty, not with 
128broydred hair, gold, pearls, &c. is not observed in the 
churches, wherelthe gospel of Christ crucified is preached, 
and the communion ministred : so where the dUdpUn is 
neglected, yea, rather it is unknown what the Church is, 
what the communion of saints is, what the kingdom of 
Christ is ; it cometh to pas, that al fear of Grod falletfa out 
of the hearts of men. Hereof arise so many complaints of 
perjuries, of adulteries, of thefts, of lyes, of divers and most 
impudent deceits, and of usuries most monstrous. 

These mischiefs which I have rehersed we do know, 
reverend Sir, that they are the chief members of Antichrist, 
his bones, flesh, and sinews, wherof he altogether con- 
sisteth : which if we with mutual force, vrith ccmimon and 
continual travail, and with the aid of the H. Ghost do seek 
to overthrow, the abuse of apparel and of al other thnigs 
wil be utterly abandoned, and al the badges and shadows of 
Antichrist would vanish away. But if these principal mem- 
bers of Antichrist, his substance and whole body, be not cut 
oflF, and the kingdom of Christ thorowly established, by re- 
storing the pure doctrin and diligent disciplin, by faithful 
and meet ministers of Christ, in vain shal we labour to put 
the marks and shadows of Antichrist to flight. 

My desire therefore is, good Sir, that we, following Christ 
our Saviour, and his disciples, labour above al things that 
faithful and meet pastors of the Lords flock may speedily 
be appointed to every parish, as neer as may be ; that al 
church robbers be deprived ; and that the people b^g in- 
structed in Christ, the whole participation and disdplin d 
Christ may be restored ; even as is described. Mat xvin. 
John XX. Act. ii. 4, 5, 20. Rom. xii. 1 Cor. xii. E[A. iv. 
1 Tim. V. and in such like places. Neither would I have 
any ceremony either retained or newly ordained, unles it 
might be thought by the better part of the congregation to 
further the holy and worthy comelines and order of those 
that glory in the cros of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the 


true edificati<Hi of faith. And if any of the churches would 
give ear to me, surely they should retain none of these gar* 
ments which the Papists have used in their superstitious ser-* 
rice. But this would I have for these causes, that they 
might therby more plainly confes and declare, both that 
they had renounced al fellowship with the Romish Anti- 
christ, and also surely acknowledge the liberty of external 
things ; and that herein they are occupied to restore those 
things, especially wherin the disciplin of Christ doth chiefly 
consist, and which are commanded us by God. For these 
causes, I say, and also lest any occasion of strife should re- 
main among the weaker, either for these things, or such 
like ; and upon condition beside, that al those things which. 
are any part of the disciplin and participation of Christ be 
received together, I could wish those garments wherof we 
speak to be utterly removed. 

But to say that these garments are so defiled by the 
abuse of Antichrist, that no church may use them, albeit 
how much soever some one of them worship their Saviour 
Christ, and know the liberty of al things, I dare not be so / 
bold; neither do I se any piece of scripture, wherby I may 
defend this condemning of the good creature of God : for 
the scripture in al places saith, that every creature of God 
is good unto the good, that is, to those which truly believe 1 2Q 
in Christ, and use his creatures godly ; and that it is good, 
not only in respect of these effects which we cal natural, as 
bread is good for his operation of feeding and strengthening 
the body, and wine for his effect of drinking and heating ; 
but also they are good in respect of sundry significations and 
admonitions. For godly men stir up to themselves, and con- 
tinue the memory and consideration of many of Gods bene- 
fits^ by occafflon of al things, as they are Gk)ds creatures. 
Wherof come these things which are in the psalms and songs 
of the saints touching the praise and celebration of God, 
wherunto they allure al the works of God. 

That any ceremony is wickedly Aaronical or Antichristian, 
•tandeth not in any creature of Grod, in any garment, in any \ 
figure^ in any cfdour, or any work of God, but in theiiiiQ4 


and profesnon of those which abuse Gkxls good creatures to 
wicked significations. For what scripture doth teUch that 
the Devil or wicked men have the power, that by thdr 
abusing they can make any good creature of Gkxl, and such 
a one as is good, (to signify and admonish simply,) evil and 
wicked ? Wherfore nothing can be truly said to appertain 
to the priesthood of Aaron, as touching that it is abolished, 
(for neither the holy ministry of the church, which is taught 
us by the precepts of the priesthood of Aaron, is yet abo- 
lished,) but for that it is used with that superstition, as tho^ 
it were so necessary unto salvation, now that Christ is re- 
veled; or that it were {Notable of it self; or that therby 
occasion might be given to any man to take this superstitkm 
to himself, either to retain it, or to trouble the unity of the 
brethren : so then it cannot be called a ceremony of Anti- 
christ, unles some profession or participation of Antichrist 
therby be shewed, or that serve for such profes^cm or par- 

Now who can deny that the Lord granteth to many of his 
elect, to take unto themselves only significations and admo- 
nitions out of al things, (beside the natural use of them,) 
both of the benefits of God, and also of their own duties, 
but not of dny evil thing ? And so they should detest from 
the bottome of their hearts al things which are contrary unto 
Christ, that no occasion at al may be given unto them by 
any thing, howsoever other men have abused it, of any su- 
perstition or fellowship with darkness, either disturbing of 
brotherly love. Now if such true Christians (of whom there 
soon would be great plenty every where, if that, with the pure 
doctrin of Christ, his whole communion and disciplin &A 
flourish in their churches) did think it would help some- 
what to the setting forth of the holy ministry among simple 
men and children, that ministers should wear some sperial 
kind of apparel in their ministration ; (yea, and that which 
the Papists have abused ;) truly I se not Scripture teach the 
contrary, why I should not leave such Christians to thdr 
own judgment. And why I ought so to do, I doubt not 
but it is clearly taught, Rom. xiv. 1 Cor. viii. and ix. And 


•also in many other places we are taught concerning the li- 
berty and the good use of creatures, not of meats only, but 
also of al other things. 

It is certain also, that our Lord Jesus Christ prescribed 
unto us in his words the substance only o||the holy ministry 
of his word and sacraments, and to have granted to the 130 
churches the ordinance of al other things, which belong to 
the comely and profitable administration of the sacraments : 
wherupon we neither celebrate the holy supper at evening, 
neither in a private house, neither ^tting, nor with men 
only. Some reckon among these things, which freely are 
left to the ordinance of the churches, to minister the com- 
munion once a year only, thrice or four times, or oftener, 
and to stand at it, nmther to be partaker of the sacraments. 
But sure it is, that both of them are plaine papistical. It is 
certain that the Apostles, and the congregations of the Apo- 
stles, ministred the Lords supper after the institution of 
Christ, eyeiy sabbath day, and as often as the brethren as-| 
sembled in greater mesures together, and al that were pre- 
sent were partakers, according to. the word of the Lord, 
Drink ye ci of this : wherby it is plain enough, that he 
would have al eat of the offered bread. Now in every holy 
assembly of brethren, we ought to celebrate the memory of 
■the Lord ; for which the Lord also ordained his supper, and 
-so was continued by the Apostles, we are sufficiently taught. 
Acts iv. and 1 Cor. xi. Then these two things, to celebrate 
the Lords supper so seldom, and so few to receive it, I 
judge to be simply pajnstical : for they disagree with the 
word of €rod. 

As for these things, touching the pkice, the iimej the ap- 
parelj to minister or receive the holy communion, of admit- 
ting women to the Lords table, of the maner of prayers and 
hymnes unto Grod ; so also of apparel, and other things per- 
taining to outward comelines, I doubt not but the Lord gave / 
free liberty to his churches to appoint and ordain in these 
things that which every church shal judge most available 
.tor the people, to maintain and encrease the reverence to- 
■wards al the divine service of Grod. If then any churchfi% . 

. i 


by this liberty of Christ, would have thdr ministers wear 
some special apparel in their holy ministry to this end of 
edifying the flock of Christ ; setting apart al superstition, al 
lightnes, and al dissension among brethren, that is, al abuse; 
I se not who can condemn such churches, for this matter, <^ 
any sin, no, nor of any fellowship with Antichrist. What if 
some church, by the pure and holy consent of th^nselves, 
should have that custome, that eveiy one should wear a 
white garment at the holy communion, as they sometimes 
did which newly were baptized ? For if any wil strive that 
this liberty is to be granted to no church of Christ, he must 
needs confes one of these ; either that nothing is to be per* 
mitted to the churches, to be ordained about the Lords sup- 

' per, wherof I have no expres commandment of Christ; 
(wherby al churches shal be condemned of ungodly boldnes: 
for al do observe both time and place, and gesture of body, 
in the ministration of the holy supper, and they admit 
women to the communion : of al which things they not only 
have no commandment of the Lord, but also a contrary ex- 
ample ; for the laord held his supper in the evening, not in 
the morning; in a private house, not in a public; letting 
down with his disciples, and receiving the pascal lamb, not 
standing, and shewing this only communion of himself: 
moreover the women were excluded, which yet were ac- 
counted most devout and holy among his disciples ;) or ds 
, it cannot be, that there should be churches, which the Lord 
so far forth delivereth from al superstition and abuse of his 
131 good creatures, that to the clean al the creatures of God are 
good, and in use of signification clean by true faith in his 
name ; (which whoso saith, he truly therby shal deny Christ 
our Lord to be the same unto al men, which he promised to 
become, namely, a deliverer from al sin, and a purger from 
al uncleannes ;) or that the wicked by their abuse may so 
pollute the creatures of God, which of themselves are good, 
that they can serve no godly man to a godly use : which is 

• plainly contrary to the testimonies of the Holy Ghost, Bom. 
xiv. 1 Cor. viii. and ix. 1 Tim. iv. or else truly it is not law- 
ful for Christians to entreat of every thing, both to wam 


lem of their Creator, and knowledg of themselves, and of 
is benefits towards us, and our duties towards him : which 
contrary to that the Holy Ghost in al places teacheth, of 
le acknowledging and worshipping of Grod in al his works, 
id doing al things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to 
€ glory of the Father. 

Al these absurdities must godly minds eschew. Neither is 
at evil to be feared, which was wont to be objected : If so 
"eat a liberty be granted to the Church, that they may put 
eiy thing to godly significations and admonitions, there 
e which wil bring into our service al the ceremonies, either 
' Aaron, or of the Antichrist of Rome, or of the Gentils. 
3r the churches which I have described, and to whom I 
ink cannot that liberty be denyed wherof I speak, what- 
ever ceremonies or apparel they take to their use, they wil 
der to serve the gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus 
brist, by setting it forth, not by darkning it. Even as 
Qong true Christians the next end of al the outward cere- 
onies, and expresly commanded by the Lord, is the com- 
endation and decking of the ministry of the gospel, by 
bich al superstition and abuse of al things is put to flight : 
that will we, nil we, we must needs confes the differences 
' apparel in them that bear civil office, to give cause unto 
en wel affected of singular reverence towards the magis- 
Gites, what should let, why the same should not be in the 
inistry of religion ? Every godly motion of the mind pro- 
deth necessarily from the Holy Ghost ; and it must needs 
i maintained by the word of God. Notwithstanding to this 
pint, and to the word of Gt)d, al creatures with the godly 
> serve: and so much the more, if the things by public 
dinance be appointed to any godly signification and admo- 
tion. For unto the good, God hath created al his works 
ff good and sundry use. He preserveth them, and if they 
w them in him, he delivereth diem unto him. Let us con- 
der what the Holy Ghost teacheth touching the significa- 
on of the vail of a woman, of the covering of a mans head. 
Cor. xi. Also, why he made mention by name of the 




shining garments of Aaron. H^ doth nothing rashly, but in 
al things he procureth the salvati<m of his, which oonsifltedi 
by ffuth of the gospel. But herof I have writtaii nxxre at 
large to master A Lasco. 

The Lord knoweth how I desire to further your study, 
but for the restoring of the whole kingdom of Christ: and 
as I se the abuse of that apparel as yet to remain, I would 
buy it dearly, that they were clean taken away. But to 
make it wicked of it self to use them any ways, I se no 
cause. Grant it to me. Whatsoever scriptures you alkdg 
against the traditions of men, you know, that al that is to be 
132 understood of these things wherwith men wil worship God 
by themselves, and overpasnng the commandments of God, 
eat meat rather with washed hands than unwashed. What^ 
soever you speak of beggarly and weak elements, you know 
it pertaineth to superstition ; wherby these things were le- f 
quisite, as necessary or profitable of themselves to satvatioD, I' 
now that Christ is reveled. Whatsoever you se of the abuK w 
x>f these garments, that is not in the gannents, but sdcketb P 
in unclean minds. But can these things be so repugnant to ^ 
the word and Spirit of Grod, seing that al things are dean 
io them, even those which Antichrists most filthily hate 
polluted ? 

If these things shal satisfy you, reverend Sir, I wil rejoice 
4n the Lord. Otherwise I pray you, shew me those scrip- 
tures in few words, wherby I may se, that this my opinioa 
touching the liberty of these things standeth not with the 
word of God. And I pray God, that he so modante^ tf 
else remove this controversy, lest any way it hinder the ne- 
cessary clensing of the Church ; and lest they be divided 
.either in opinion or in ministration, whom God in such aft 
hath coupled and joyned to set forward the salvation of 
the people. 

I wish you and your wife, and al the company of brethrea 
there with you, to live happily in al things, and I commeDi | 
my ministry unto your prayers. In that I send back so kt^ r 
and do send you your writings again, I pray you bear with H 



my earnest busines, which these days have let me for the 
Idngdom of Christs sake; and also because I lack trusty 
messengers, to whom I might commit these to be brought 
unto you. The grace of the Lord encrease always in you 
and us al. Amen. 

Your most bounden in the Lord, 

Martin Bucer. 



CraaokjfB epigrams concerning abuses. 

I. Abba/ys. 

AS I walked alone, and mused on thyngs £ Bibiioth. 

"that have in my time bene done by great kings, ^* ^^^^ 

I bethought me of abbaysy that sometyme I saw, Eii^n* 

Which iu% now suppressed al by a law. 
O Lord, thought I then, what occasion was here, 
To provide for learning, and make poverty chere? 
The lands and the jewels that hereby were hadd. 
Would have found godly prechers, which might wel have 

The peqple aright, that now go astray, 
And have fed the poor, that famish every day. 
But as I thus thought, it came to my mjmde, 1 33 

That the people wil not se, but delyghte to be blynde. 
Wherefore they are not worthy good preachers to have. 
Nor yet be provyded for, but in vayn stil to crave. 
Than sayd I, O Lord Grod, make this tyme short, 
For theyr cxily sake, that be thy chosen sort. 

II. Alehouses. 

Nede^stust we liaive places for vitayls to be sold, 
FcMT wash as be syck, pore, feble, and old. 
But, Lord, to how great abuse they be grown, 
In eche little hamlet, vyllage and towne ? 
They are become places of wast and excess. 
An hefbour for such men, as lyve in idleness. 



And lygjbtly in the oontzy they be j^aoed ao^ 

That they stand in ^ens w^y, when they flhould to duKcfa 

And then ipuch as love not to hear theyr £EuiIts told 

By the minister that readeth the N. Testament and 014 

Do turn into the alehouse, and let the church go : 

And men aooompted wise and honest do so. 

But London, God be praised, al men may commend, 

Which doth now this great enormity emende. 

For in servyce tyme no dore standeth upp. 

Where such men are apt to fyl can and cupp. 

Wold God in the country they would do tlie same, 

Either for Gods fear, or for worldly shame. 

III. AhnesJumses. 

A merchfmt that long time had bene in straungq laodesi 
Returned to his contry which in Aurora stands. 
And in his return his way kye tp pass 
By a spittle house not far from wh^ his dwelling was. 
He loked for this hospital, but none ^uld he se, 
For a lor^jy bouse was built, where the bosfatall Aovii 


Good Lord, (sayd this merchant,) is my country so wealthy, 1 
That the very beggars houses be built so gorgeously? 
Than by the way syde hym chaunced to se 
A pore man that craved of hym for charitie. 
Why, (quoth this merchaunt,) what meaneth this thing? 
Do ye begg by the way, and have a house far a king? 
Alas ! Sir, (quod the pore man,) we are al turned out. 
And ly and dy in corners here and thereabout. 
Men of great riches have bought our dwelling place, 
And whan we crave of them, they turn away their face. 
Lord God, (quod this merchaunt,) in T(irkey ha-ve I l*ne, 
Yet emong these heathen none such cruelty have I a^^ 

134 IV. BaUif arrants. 

A bailif there was in the west contrey. 
That did as they do in al quarters, men seye. 


He served with one wry t an whole score or twejme^ 

And toke in h$sA to excuse them, having pence for hy s payne. 

And when he should warn a quest in sessions to a|q)ear, 

He would surdy warn them that would make hym no chere. 

And than take a hribe to make answer for them ; 

But when he met his friends, than would he say, Hem. 

But such a$ had no chere, near mony to pay, 

Were nwce to trudg to the sesedon alway. 

Ye must give hym some thyi^ to sow Ms hadland. 

Or els ye can ba^e uo feiuour at his hand. 

Some puddings <;^ baken, or chese for to eat, 

A bushel of barly, some malt or some wheat. 

His hadland is ^ood ground, and beareth al thynge. 

Be it baken <^ beffe, stockfyah or lynge. 

Thus pore men are pold and pild to the bare. 

By such as should serve them to kepe them from care. 

V. Bawds, 

The bawds of the stews be turned al out : 
But some think they ii^abit al England throughout ; 
In taverns and typ]ing houses many might be found, 
If officers would xnake sercb, but as they are bound. 
Well, let them take heed, I wyl say ho more ; 
But when Grod rev;engeth, he punisheth sore. 

VI. Beggars. 

I heard of two beggars that under an hedg sate. 
Who did with long talk their matters debate. 
They had both sore leggs most lothsome to se, 
Al raw from the fote welmost to the knee. 
My legg, qiiod the one, I thank God, is fa3nre. 
So is myne, quod the other, in a cold ayre. 
For then it loketh raw, and as red as any bloud, 
I would not have it healed for any worlds good. 
For were it ooce whole, my ly ving were gone, 
And for a sturdy beggar, I should be take anone. 
No maime wonuld pky me but for my sore legg, 
Wheifore if it were whole, in vain I liiight begg. 

H h 2 


I should be oonstnuned to labour and sweat. 
And perhaps sometime with scourges be beat. 
Wei, sayd the tother, let us take hede therfore, 
That we let them not heal, but kepe them styl sore. 
Another thyng I hear of a b^gar that was lame, 
Much lyke one of these, if it were not the same : 
135 Who sytting by the fyre with the cupp in hys hand, 
Began to wonder whan he should turn good husband. 
I shal never thryve, quod this beggar, I wene, 
For I gate but xvi pence to day, and I have spent eygfatene. 
Wei, let the world wagg, we must needs have drink ; 
Gro, ty\ me this quart pot ful to the brink. 
The Uuigue must have bastjmg, it ¥ril the better wagg 
To pul a Goddes peny out o£ a churles bagg. 

VII. Brawlers. 

A brawler that loveth to break the Kings peace. 
And seke his own sorowe his £uicy to please^ 
Is like a burr dogg that setteth upon 
Eche mastife and hound that he may light on : 
He getteth hym hatred of every manne. 
And meteth with his master ever now and than. 
To hurt other menn he taketh great payne. 
He tumeth no mann to profit or gayne ; 
Except it be the surgeon or the armorer. 
The baylife, the constable, or the jayler. 

VIII. The coUier of Croyden. 

It is said that in Croyden there did sometyme dwell, 
A collyer that did al other collyers excel. 
For his riches thys collyer might have bene a knight, 
But in the order of knighthood he had no delight. 
Would God al our knights did mind coling no more, 
Than thys collyer did knighting, as is sayd before. 
For when none but pore collyers did with coles mell, 
At a reasonable price. they did their coles sell. 
But synce our knight collyers have had the first sale, 
We have payd much money, and had few sacks to tale. 


L lode that late yered for a royal was sold, 

JTyl cost now xvi shillings of sylver or gold. 

rod graunt these men grace their polling to refrayhe, 

^r els bryug them back to theyr old state agayne ; 

nd especially the cdliar that at Croyden doth sell; 

'or men thynk he is cosin to the coUyar of hell. 

IX. Double beneficed men.. 

The Kyng of that realme where justice doth reign, 
^erused old statutes that in bokes remayne, 
ind as he turned the boke, hym chaunced to se, 
I'hat such as have benefices should resident be ; 
Lnd have their abyding, whyles theyr lyfe should endure, 
Lmong them over wh(»n God hath geven them cure, 
^hen sayd he to himself, I thynk wel there is 
lo law in this realm worse observed than this. 
Tet can there nothing my flock more decay, 136 

"hen wh^i hyrelings sufler my shepe go astray, 
nien called he his council, and told them his mind, 
\xA wylled that they should some remedy find, 
^o with good advyce agreed on thys thyng, 
rhat visdtours should be sent with the power of the King, 
To punish al such as herein dyd ofi*end, 
Unles they were found thorow willing to amend. 
These visitours found many stout priests, but chiefly one 
Who had sundry benefices, but would surrender none. 
Then was this stout fellow brought to the Kyng, 
Who sayd unto hym, How chaunceth this thyng ? 
Wyl ye transgress my laws, and than disobey 
Menne havyug my