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Ecclesiastical Rec 

State of New York 

Published by the State under the stjpcfvision of 
HUGH HASTINGS, State Historian 

Volume II 




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(All documents arranged under the heads of the respective Governors, and in 
chronological order.) 

1680. PAGE. 

July 15 et seq. Synod of Xorth Holland at Alckmaer 745-747 

Art. 9. Extracts from foreign letters. 

From one of Eev. C. Van Zuuren of Oct. 30, 1678; of Eev. 
L. Van Gaasbeeck of Oct. 15/25, 1679. 
Art. 27. Labadists — Coelman. 
Art. 57. Gravamina from Glassis of Hoorn: 

Shoidd not the Classes which control Indian Affairs, give 
not only extracts of letters, but also their action about 
Oct. 17 Mrs. Van Gaasbeeck to Classis of Amsterdam. Death of her 

husband ; asks that Rev. Weeksteen be sent 747 

Nov. 19 Esopus seek Governors approbation in calling a minister. ... 748 

22 Church of Kingston to Classis of Amsterdam 748-750 

Dec. 10 Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren to Classis of Amsterdam 751 

The ministers of New Netherland to the Classis of Amster- 
dam 753-755 

Church of Midwout to Classis of Amsterdam 756-758 


Jan. 1 & 13 Superstitious fears of a Comet 758 

22, Feb. 24 Penn's Patent : As to Religion 759 

Feb. 25 The Church of New York City to the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Death of Rev. Van Nieuwenhuysen. Request for Rev. 

Selyns 759-762 

April 1 Difficulties between Domine Sehaats and hfs Church 762-764 

May 5 Death of Van Gaasbeeck. Rev. John Weeksteen accepted; 

called to Esopus, examined and ordained 764 

June 2 Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Kingston — Sends 

Rev. Weeksteen 765-768 

7 The Magistrates of Albany to the Classis of Albany — Rev. 

Gideon Sehaats, aged — Another minister needed 768-770 

9 Rev. Gideon Sehaats to Classis of Amsterdam 770 

25 Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren to tlie Classis of Amsterdam — Mrs. 
Polhemus — The school teacher 7— ChurcTi of New York — 

Rev. Sehaats 771-730 

29 Church of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam 780 

July 21 Letter from New York of Feb. 2.5, 1681. read 781 

23 Rev. Henrv Selvns. announces the request of Church of New 

York .'....' 781 


iv Table of ContejStts. 

1681. PAGE. 

Aug. 7 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Harlem 782-785 

Art. 11. Extracts from foreign letters: 

Of Rev. Casparus Van Zuuren, Dec. 10, 1680. 
Of the ministers eollectivelyj of Xew Xetherland, with- 
out date, but 1680? 
Of the ministers of Long Island, Dec. 10, 1680. 
Of the Church of Esopus, Nov. 22, 1680. 
Of the Commissioners of Schenectady, Dec. .31, IGSO. 
Scut to Esopus, Rev. John Weeksteen. 
Art. 28. The Labadists and Coelman. 

Sept. 1 Call to New York offered to Rev. Selyns 785 

2 Deputies report no intelligence from New York 785 

15 (0. S.) Church of King's county, Long Island, to Classis of 

Amsterdam 786 

Oct. 6 Information from New York yet lacking 787 

21 Commissioners of Schenectady to the Classis of Amsterdam. . 788 
27 (0. S.; N. S. Nov. 7) Rev. .John Weeksteen to the Classis of 

* Amsterdam 789 

30 (0. S.) Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren to the Classis of Amster- 

dam 790-795 

31 Church of Kingston to the Classis of Amsterdam 796 

Dec. 10 Contract between Church of New York and Rev. Henry 

Selyns 797-800 


The " Frame of Government " of Pennsyh-ania. Extract as 

to Religion 800 

Jan. — Certain fines to be employed toward the building of an (Epis- 
copal?) church 801 

Feb. 16 Rev. Henry Selyns accepts the call to New York 801 

Letter from the Magistrates of New Albany, of .June 7, 1681, 

read 802 

March 16 Rev. Petrus Vas desired to be received into Classis. Rev. 
Henry Selyns and Church of New York. Fort Orange or 

Albany desire another pastor. Schenectady 802-804 

29 An Act for completing or renting a house for Domine Selyns. 804 

31 Rev. Henry Selyns. Arrangements for his dismission 805 

April 6 Rev. Henry Selyns dismissed from Waverveen. Letter from 

Kingston read 805 

Letter from Rev. Van Zuuren, read 800 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gideon Schaats Sbl 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Magistrates of New Albany .... 808 
Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of New York. Rev. 

Henry Selyns has accepted their call SOD 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Kingston 810 

7 Departure of Rev. Henry Selyns for New York 811 

' 27 Clergyman of Huntington reprimanded 812 

Table of CoifTEKTS. v 

1682. PAGE. 

May 12 Classis of Amsterdam to the Classes of the Corresponding 

Synods 812 

June 1 Rev. Godfridus Dellius requests to be received under care of 

Classis 813 

The minister at Huntington, L. I. Rev. Eliphalet Jones. .. . 813 

2 Rev. Godfridus Dellius. Credentials sought 814 

19 Salary of Minister on Staten Island 815 

29 Rev. Godfridus Dellius 815 

July 2 Classis of Amsterdam to the Classis o'f Wyk concerning Rev. 

G. Dellius 814 

20 Rev. Dellius called to New Albany 815 

23 Classis of Amsterdam to the Magistrates of New Albany; 

and to the Church of New Albany 816, 817 

28 et seq. Synod of North. Holland at Amsterdam 818-822 

Art. 11. Extracts from foreign letters. 

From letter from Church of New York, of Feb. 27, 1681. 
From letter of Rev. C. Van Zuuren, of June 25, 1681. 
From letter of Church of New Albany, of June 25, 1681, 
From letter of Church of Kingston, of Oct. 31, 1681. 
Art. 55. Letters from the Indies to be opened by the Classis 

of Amsterdam. 
Art. 56. Precedency among the Deputies of the Synod of 

North and South Holland. 
Art. 60. Ministerial changes. 
Rev. Henrj' Selyns. 
Rev. Roelandus de Carpentier. 
Sept. 25 Church of New Castle to Classis of Amsterdam. Revs. Welius 

and Teschenmaker 823-825 

Rev. Gideon Schaats to the Classis of Amsterdam 825 

Oct. 5 Call of Church of Waverveen (Selyn's former charge) on Rev. 

John Tuk 825 

12 Magistrates of Albany to Classis of Amsterdam 826 

28 Rev. Henry Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam 827-834 

Account of his journey to New York — His welcome — His 
services — ■ Condition of the Church of New York , — 
Church of Harlem — Episcopalians — Lutherans — Other 
churches in the Province ; — Rev. Teschenmaker — Note 
on Rev. Samuel Eburn. — P. S. Nov. 1. The church of 
South River. Tesschenmacher. Coelman. 

30 Rev. Peter Teschenmaker to Classis of Amsterdam 834-83C 

Church of New York to Classis of Amsterdam 836, 837 

? Rev. Casparus Van Zuuren to Classis of Amsterdam. .... 838-840 

Nov. 11 Rev. G. Dellius called to Albany 840 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Godfridus Dellius 841 

15 Parsonage for Rev. Selj-ns to be built at New York 841 

Dee. 31 Thanksgiving and Fast-day appointed for Jan. 7, 1863. .. 842, 843 
Petition against Rev. Hobart and in favor of Rev. Jones. .. . 844 

vi Table of Contents. 

1683. PAGE, 

Jan. 15 Petition of certain ones, on Staten Island, to be excused from 

paying salary towards a certain pretending minister 844 

18 Package of letters from America, referred to f&e Deputati. . . 845 

19 Rev. Godfridus Dellius 845 

Staten Island. Salary of Eev. Morgan Jones 846 

27 Secret Instinictions of James, Duke of York, to Gov. Dongan. 847 
31 Confirmation of Eev. Jeremiah Hobart as minister at Hemp- 
stead 848 

April 30 Commissioners in Holland, appointed, to call a minister for 

New York, to the Church of Xew York — Eev. Selyns 848 

July — Classis of Amsterdam to Church of Xew Castle — Dangers of 

strife; may lead to establishment of Episcopacy 849 

Petition in reference to a Meeting House at Madnan's Neck, 

L. 1 850 

26 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Hoorn 851-856 

Art, 11. Extracts from foreign letters. 

From letter of Rev. Selyns, of Oct. 28, 1682. 
From letter of Church of Xew York, Oct. 30, 1682. 
From letter of Rev. TescJienmaker, Oct. 30, 1682. 
From letter of Rev. Schaats, of Sept. SO, 1682. 
From letter of Magistrates of Albany, Oct. 12, 1682. 
From letter of Rev. Van Zuuren, Oct.? 1682. 
Sent Rev. Dellius to New Albany. 
Art. 25. The Labadists and Coelman. 

Aug. 6 Contract with Doniine Dellius ' 857 

13 Further arrangements with Domine Dellius 858 

Church of Albany to Classis of Amsterdam 858 

14/24 Rev. G. Dellius to Classis of Amsterdam 859-860 

15 Magistrates of Albany to Classis of Amsterdam 861, 862 


Aug. 15, 1683-1688, Aug. 11. 
Sept. 24 Church of Schenectady to Rev. Henry Selyns of New York . . . 863 
Oct. 30 The Charter of Liberties and Privileges gi-anted to New York 

by the Duke 7— Freedom of Religion 864 

21/31 Rev. Henry Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam — Arrival of 
Dellius — Catechetical Exercises — Adjustment of diffi- 
culties — Stone Parsonage — Rural services — Rev. Peter 
Daille — Rev. John Gordon — Gov. Dongan and Civil As- 
sembly — Rev. Teschenmaker — Schenectady — New Castle 

— Harvard College 865-869 

31 Declaration of a physician and certain surgeons on the case 

of Peter Sluyter — alias Dr. Vorstman '. 8B9-871 

Nov. 9 Petition of Mayor and Common Council to Gov. Dongan for a 

charter 871 

Table of Co^tekts. vii 

1683, PAGE. 

Dec. 23 Petition of Natli. Baker against a iine for bringing home his 

ox on Sunday 871 

30 Order for a Day of Thanksgiving, on Jan. 6, 1684 872, 873 

1673-1683. Abstract of various Synodical Acts concerning 
Jacob Coelman and the Labadists. Note on Coelman. . 874-876 

English Jesuits in New York 877 

British Chaplains in New York 877 

Early Presbyterianism in America 877 


Gov. Dongan's Eeport on the State of the Province — As to 

Religion 879 

May 29 Rev. Dellius of Albany receives a call from Henkelom, 

Holland 880 

June 16 Commission of Rev. Josias Clarke as Chaplain 880 

Aug. 1-11 Synod of North Holland at Enckhuysen 8^-883 

Art. 13. Extracts from foreigTi letters. 

From a letter of Rev. Selyns of Oct. 11/21, 1683. 

From a letter of the Church of Schenectady to Selyns, 

of Oct. 2o, 1683. 
From a letter of the Church of Albany, of Aug. 14/24, 

From a letter of Magistrates of Albany, Aug, 15, 1683. 
Sept. 6 Petition to exempt the Lutherans of New York from taxa- 
tion. Order thereon 884 

Oct. 2 Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren called to a Church in Holland 884 

24 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Dellius 885, 886 

Action of Classis on the call of Van Zuuren to Holland 887 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren 887 

Nov. 20 Legacy of Mr. Cornelius Steenwyck to the R. D. C. of New 
York, of the Manor of Fordham. Conveyance and aocept- 

anee, 1685 8S8-890 

Dec. 28 Order for a Day of Thanksgiving on Jan. 4, 1685 891, 89i2 

Chaplaincy of Rev. Josias Clarke. An incident 893 


Feb. 2 Letter from Rev. Dellius, read. Extract 893 

March 3 Veto of Charter of Liberties by James II. Observations on 

that Charter 894-896 

5 Order of Council on Accession of James II. Letter from the 

Council to Gov. Dongan. King James IT. to Gov. Dongan. 896 
13 Order concerning the Deacons of the Church of jSTew York. . . 897 

May 7 On the Call of Rev. G. Dellius back to Holland 89S 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Dellius 899 

July 6 Domine Dellius asks for his dismission 900 

8 Answer to his request 900 

July 31-Aug. 9 Synod of North Holland at Edam 901 

Art. 11. Extract from foreign letters. 

From a let'ter of Rev. Dellius of Oct. 15, IB84. 
Art. 25. Labadists and Coelman. 


Table of Contents. 












Feb. 24 
March 12 

April 1 

May 29 

June 3 



July 22 


July (1676 
Aug. 1-15 

Sept. 9 

Testimonies concerning payment to ministers' widows, 1682-5 901 

Rev. G. Dellius to Classis of Amsterdam 902, 903 

Rev. Jean de Lamberville to Gov. Dongan. Rev. Fatlier 

Dablon to Gov. Dongan 904^ 905 

(0. S.) Rev. Henry Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam — Long 

Island — Labadists — Quakers — Tesclienmaker 906-909 

Conditional Legacy to the poor of the Dutch Church by the 

wife of Chaplain Gordon 909 

Rev. Godfridus Dellius 910 

Call of Rev. R. Varick to New Netherland 911 

General Thanksgiving for the King's victory 911 

Rev. Samuel Eburn 912 

Petition of Quakers not to be punished for refusing to train. . 913 

Order of Council. Quakers must train 913 

Rev. Dellius accepts call to Henkelom, Holland. Rev. R. 

Varick 913 

Rev. Rudolphus Varick called to New Netherland 914 

Dismission of Rev. Varick from Church of Hem — Letter to 

Rev. Selyns 914 

Commission of Rev. Alexander Innes as British Chaplain. .. . 915 
Repeal of Charter of Liberties — Secret Instructions of 

James II. to Gov. Dongan — As to Religion 915 

Board of Trade directs Governor of New York to write at 
least four times a year about all matters, civil and ecclesi- 
astical 916 

Gov. Denonville of Canada to Gov. Dongan of New York — 

Missions in Central New York 917 

New Commission to Gov. Dongan: As to Religion 918 

Answer of the Five Nations to Gov. Dongan, as to French 

Jesuits vs. English 919 

Instructions from M. de la Barre to M. de Salvaye: French 

Jesuits 919 

Gov. Dongan to M. de la Barre — Jesuits 919 

Gov. Dongan to Gov. Denonville — Jesuits 919 

Gov. Denonville to Gov. Dongan — Mission in Central New 

York 920 

Advice from Connecticut to Leisler — Anti-Papal 920 

Patent for Manor of Livingston; Patronage of the Church 

given 920 

Gov. Dongan to Gov. Denonville: Missions in Central New 

York 921 

-1686) Testimonials as to ministry of Rev. John Prudden. . . . 921 
Synod of North Holland at Alekmaer. Art. 24. Labadists — 

Coelman 921 

Rev. Rudolphus Varick to the Classis of Amsterdam — Al- 
bany — Tesschenmaker — Tellenaer, the Quaker 922 

Table of Contents. ix 

1686. PAGE. 

Oct. 1 Gov. Denonville to Gov. Dongan: Missions in Central New 

York 923 

17 Information of Attorney-General: Indictment of Rev. Mr. 

James for a certain sermon 924 

Petition of Rev. Mr. James for remission of fine 925 

27 Order in Council respecting Ecclesiastical Affairs in the Col- 
onies 925 

Nov. 4 Rev. Father Lamberville to Rev. Father de Bruyas 926 

Rev. Father Lamberville to Mr. Lespinard 926 

18 Complaint against Rev. Mr. James 927 

Order of Council on Sermon of Rev. Mr. James — Rev. Mr. 

Prudden 927 

19 Warrant to arrest Mr. James 923 

Dec. 1 Gov. Dongan to Gov. Denonville: Missions in Central New 

York 928 

9 Petition of Rev. Mr. Hubbart (Hobart) and Order thereon. ... 929 
12 Petition of Dutch Church of New York to the Mayor and 

Common Council for a building site 929 

Directions to Jan de la Montague in reference to public wor- 
ship, funerals, etc 930, 931 

Petition of Rev. Mr. Eburn, and Order thereon 932 

Evert Pietersen, old. Abram de la Noy to act as clerk 932 

Fines imposed on Quakers for not training 932, 9^3 

Gov. Dongan to the Lord President — Indian Missions 934 

Death of ]\Irs. Peter Stuyvesant. Her will on fhe Bowery 

Chapel 934 

Classis receives letter from Chiu'ch of Kingston of Aug. 23, 

1686. Also a letter from Rudolphus Varick of Sept. 9, 1686. 

Also a letter from Rev. Selyns of Sept. 20, 1686 935, 936 

Classis receives letter from Rev. Varick 936 

Petftion of the French Protestants of New York to Gov. 

Dongan 936, 937 

Gov. Dongan to Rev. Lamberville 938 

Classis receives letters from Rev. Varick 943 

Gov. Dongan to Gov. Denonville. Indian Missions 938 

Remarks of Gov. Denonville of Canada, on letter of Gov. 

Dongan, concerning French missionaries in Central New 

York 939-942 

Order of Gov. Dongan concerning Frendi Protestants 943 

Synod of North Holland at Haarlem. Art. 54. Extracts 

from foreign letters. From letter of Rev. Weeksteen, Aug. 

23, 1686. From letter of Rev. Varick, Sept. 9, l686 (1685). 

From letter of Rev. Selyns, Sept. 20, 1686 (1685) 944 

21 Gov. Denonville to Gov. Dongan — ^fissions in Central New 

York 945 

Sept. 9 Gov. Dongan of New York to Gov. Denonville of Canada.. 

Missionaries in Central New York 946 





March 27 










X Table of Contents. 

1687. PAGE. 

Nov. 13 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Selyns 947 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Varick 948 

Dec. 30 Thanksgiving Day appointed for Jan. 8, 1688 949 

Need of a new church building in New York 950 


April 2 Thanksgiving Day for the Queen's pregnancy 951 

4 Petition of R. D. C. of New York to be incorporated 952 

Petition for a site for a R. D. C. in New York 953 

7 Commission of Sir Edmund Andros to be Governor of New 

York and New Jersey, as well as New England 954 

16 Secret Instructions — As to Religion; As to printing 954 

22 Order to Gov. Dongan to sun-ender his government to Andros 955 


Aug. 11, 1688-June, 1689. 

Aug. 31 Celebration of birth of a princess to James II 955 

Sept. 30 Rev. Rudolphus Varick to Classis of Amsterdam — Quakers 

— Hackensa«k — Eight English prea<'lier9 on Long Island — 
French preachers — Andros 955, 956 

Oct. 10 Rev. Henry Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam — Dellius — Tes- 
schenmaker — Andros — Labadists — Quakers — Measles 

— Schaats — French refugees 957-959 

30 Church of New York. Manor of Fordham 960 

Petition of Rev. Mr. Prudden 960 

Feb. 16 Order appointing a Board of Trade, and directing the Procla- 
mation of William and Mary in the Colonies. Note on Re- 
lation of the English Revolution to the Colonies, from 
Chalmers 961 


June, 1689-1691, March 20. 
June — Address of the Militia of New York to William and Mary; 

chiefly on religious grounds 962 

10 The Council of New York to the Earl of S^hrewsbury 963 

11 Certificate of the Clergy of New York in favor of Cortland 

and Bayard 964 

June 11-July 5 Journal of Col. Bayard 964 

July 9 Stephen Van Cortlandt to Gov. Andros 967, 968 

26 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Hoorn 969 

Art. 14. Extracts from foreig-n letters. 

From letter of Rev. Selyns, of Oct. 10, 1688. 
From letter of Rev. Varick of Sept. 30, 1688. 
30 William III. to Lt. Gov. Nicholson, or to such as are caring 

for the peace of New York 970 

Table of Contents. xi 


Aug. 5 Stephen Van Cortland to Capt. Nicholson 971 

Capt. Bayard to Capt. Nicholson 971 

15 Capt. McKenzie to Capt. Nicholson 972 

■ 20 Capt. Leisler to William and Mary 972 

— Mr. Tudor to Capt. Nicholson 973 

22 Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. Selyns — Civil Affairs .... 974, 975 
Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Varick — Progi'ess of Prince of 

Orange 976 

Sept. 23 Extracts from Col. Bayard's leTter from Albany 977 

Oct. 20 Col. Bayard's Order to Capts. De Peyster and De Bruyn 978 

Nov. 14 Commission of Hemy Sloughter to be Governor of Nevp York: 

As to Religion ." 979 

16 Leisler sends Stol to England as representative of Committee 

of Safety. Stol's Proceedings 980 

Dec. 10 Ool. Bayard to Sir Edmund Andros 981 

13 Bayard's account of occurrences in IsTew York 982 

30 Peter Reverdye to Bishop of London — Notes on Rev. Peter 

Reverdye and Peter Daille 982 

Jan. — A narrative of the Grievances and Oppressions caused by 

Jacob Leysler — Abstract 983, 984 

7 Gov. Leisler to Bishop of Salisbury 985-990 

31 Secret Instructions to Gov. Sloughter: As to Religion 991 

March 3 Rev. Godfridus Dellius to Daniel Van Suylestein 992 

13 Warrant to pay a Chaplain in New York 992 

20 Agents at Albany to Government of Massachusetts — Ask for 

New England clergymen for conversion of Indians 992 

31 Leisler to the King: The Burning of Schenectady 993 

May 1 Warrant to Gov. Sloughter to use the seal of New York 993 

6 Rev. Father Lamberville to Rev. Father Milet 994 

19 Extracts from Van Cortlandt's account to Sir [Edmund 

Andros of Leisler's conduct 995-997 

Address of New York merchants and ministers to the King 

and Queen, about Leislei''s condvict 997 

25 Extract from a letter of Thos. Newton to Capt. Nicholson, 

about Leisler 998 

27 Report of Sir Edmund Andros on his administration. His 

own story of his arrest 999 

June 24 Leisler to Earl of Shrewsbury. Dellius and the Jesuits 1000 

Petition of Capt. Blagg to the King in behalf of Leisler 1000 

July 29-Aug. 8 Order to proclaim William and Mary 1001 

July 31 The Church of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam — Revs. 
Dellius and Schaats — Rev. Tesschenmacker — Conversion 

of Indians 1002-1004 

Aug. 10 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Enckhuysen 1004 

Art. 29. Labadists and Koelman. 
Aug. 30 Church of Kingston to Classis of Amsterdam — Death of 

Weeksteen — Rev. Dellius 1005 

xii Table of Conte^n^s. 

1690. PAGE. 

Sept. 14 Rev. SeljTis to Classis of Amsterdam — William and Mary — ■ 
Indian Bible — Rev. Vandenbosch — Death of Tessche- 
macker — Rev. Dellius and Varick 1006-1008 

Oct. 20. Extracts from letters of Leisler to the King — Rev. Del- 
lius 1008, 1009 


Feb. 17 Rev. Dellius to Classis of Amsterdam — Persuaded to return 
from Boston on account of the sad state of the Province, 
and the desire of the Indian converts 1010, 1011 


March 19, 1691-JuIy 23, 1691. 

The Test Act — Note on fhe Test Act as now introduced in 

New York 1012 

April 10 Ministerial Maintenance Bill introduced. Not adopted 1013 

17 Resolution of the (Civil) Assembly against tHe illegal im- 

prisonment of his Majesty's Protestant subjects; their com- 
pulsory exile; the burning of Schenectady, etc 1014 

18 General Bill for Settling a Ministry in every city and town. . . 1014 
27? Answer to Memorial presented by Capt. Blagge to the King 

in behalf of Leisler 1014 

May 1 Rev. Peter Daille — Bill for settling a ministry rejected 1015 

5 An Act for Ministers in every town 1015 

6 Rev. Peter Dellius, French minister 1015 

12, 13 Rights of subjects — Liberty of con&cience to all except Ro- 
manists 1015 

13 Bill to ease people scrupulous in swearing 1016 

16 Jacob Leisler executed. His speech on the gallows. .. . 1016, 1017 

26 Propositions of Christian Mohawks to Gov. Sloughter, and 

answer 1018 

June 1 Gov. Sloughter's address to the Five Nations 1019 

2 Answer of the Five Nations 1020 

5 Letter from Rev. Selyns read. Deposition of Rev. Van den 

Bosch 1020 

27 Church discipline in New Netherland 1021 

July 3 Petition of Rev. Jer. Hobart and Order thereon 1021 

23 Death of Gov. Sloughter 1022 


July 26, 1691-Aug. 2S, 1W2. 

Aug. 6 Gov. and Council of New York, to Mr. Blathwayt 1023 

Address of Gov. and Council to the King 1024 

Sept. 16 Monthly Fast-day suggested, and appointed Sept. 28 1025 

30 Proclamation of a monthly Fa^t-day, until June, 1692 1026 

Table of Cokte^tts. xiii 

1691. PAGE. 

Oct. 16 Memorial in behalf of Leisler's adherents, imprisoned in New 

York 1027-1029 

Dec,. 22 NeAV Dutch Church to be built in New York City 1030 

Petition of Jacob Leisler, Jr., to the King 1TJ5D-1032 


Jan. 23 Rev. Christian Frederick Nucella 1032 

Feb. 27 Deed for the Dutch Church lot in Garden street 1032 

March 3 Thanksgiving Day for Royal victories 1033 

7 Secret Instructions to Gov. Fletcher — As to Religion 1033 

9 New Dutch Church Building, New York City. Manor of 

Fordham lawsuit. Opening of the Trouwbosch 1034, 1035 

11 Order of Council on Petition of Jacob Leisler, Jr 1036 

18 Commission of Gov. Fletcher: As to Religion, Oaths, etc. . . . 1038 

Summer Rev. John Miller, Cliaplain of British troops, 1692-5 1037 

Aug. 7 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Alkmaar 1037-1039 

Art. 27. Extracts from Foreign letters: 

From letter of Rev. Godfrey Dellius, at Boston, Feb. 17, 

From letter of Consistory of Kingston, Aug. 30, 1690. 
From letter of Consistory of Albany, July 31, 1690. 
Aug. 18 Rev. John Peter Nucella received into Classis of Amsterdam. 1089 

23 Bill for better observance of the Lord's Day 1039 

24 Thanksgiving Day for victories 1040 


Aug. 29, 1692-1698, March. 

Sept. 8 Petition against the redistricting New Netherland 1041 

Oct. 12 Revs. Selyns, Varick and Dellius to Classis of Amsterdam — 

Leisler troubles — Sufferings of the ministers — Govs. 

Sloughter and Fletcher — New Church Edffice in New York 

— Ministers and churches — Salaries 1041-1045 

24 Gov. Fletcher's Address: As to support of ministers 1045 

28 Instructions to Fletcher as Governor of Pennsylvania and 

Delaware 1045 

Nov. 10 Letters from Selyns, of New York, read 1046 

Jan. 19 Letters from Selyns, Dellius and Varick, of New York, read. . 1047 
March 22 Gov. Fletcher's Address: Rebukes the Assembly for not 

passing a Bill for the Settling of a Ministry in this Province 1048 

April 1 Committee appointed for a ministry Bill 1048 

9 Rev. Varick to Classis of Amsterdam — The Leisler persecu- 
tions — Arrival of Ingoldsby and Sloughl-er — Two church 
elders condemned to death — Anti-Leislerians favored — 
Death of Gov. Sloughter — Arrival of Gov. Fletcher — Im- 
prisonment of Rev. Varick — Congregations scattered — 
Characterization of Gov. Fletclier — English ministers — 
Staten Island — Rev. G. Bertholf — Revs. Selyns and Del- 
lius — Rev. Varick's flight — Sects in Delaware 1048-1053 

^1"^ Table of Contents. 

1693. PAGE, 

April 10 Letters sent to Revs. Selyns, Varick and Dellius. Gov. 

Fletcher's opening address — As to Religion 1054 

20 Salaries of Civil Officers, including that of Rev. Dellius for 

teaching the Indians IO54 

Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Selyns, Varic-Jc and Dellius 

Their persecutions by Leisler — Disaffection in the churches 

— Advice — Rev. Varick's request , 1054-1057 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of New York. 1057-1059 
11/22 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of New York. 1059, 1060 
Another copy from another source; slightly different. 

May 4 Letters have been written to New York 1061 

June — Petition of Warner Wessels for permission to raise funds to 

ransom his son from captivity 1061 

8 Collections to ransom captives in Salee — A proclamation by 
Gov. Fletcher to all officers, both ecclesiastical and civil — 
Amounts collected — Final disposition of the money. 1061-1065 

15 Rev. Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam 1065 

27 Letter from Rev. Varick, read 1066 

July 1 Father Claude Dablon to Rev. G. Dellius 1067 

25 Peter Schuyler to Gov. Fletcher — The Jesuits — Dellius 1068 

31 Father Milet to Rev. Dellius 1068-1D70 

Gov. Fletcher to the Sachems of tlie Five Nations. Jesuits. . 1070 

Aug. 11 Extract from Wessel's Journal — Priests — Dellius 1070 

14-24 Synod of North Holland at Haarlem IO7I 

Art. 9. Extract from Foreign letters: 

From letter of Revs. Selyns, Dellius and Varick, Oct. 12, 

From letter of Rev. Varick, April 9, 1693. 
From letter of Rev. Selyns, May 1, 1693. 
Sept. 2, 3, 16 Extracts from Minutes of Classis of Middelburg, respecting 

Rev. Guilliam Bertholf's examination and ordination 1072 

12 Gov. Fletcher's Address: As to Religion 1073 

13-22 Reports on Bill for Settling a ]\Iinistry 1074 

22 The Ministry Bill passed — Approved by the Governor with 
a certain amendment — Amendment refused by the Assem- 
bly — Report to the Governor — The Governor's speecli 

thereupon 1074, 1075 

Text of the Ministry Act 1076-1079 

Note. Blackstone's view of the Relation of English Colonies 

to the Laws of England; especially as to Religion. .. I08U-1082 
Petition of Foreign churches in England in 1696, with extract 

of Law of 1642 1082 

Oct. 5 Letter from Rev. Selyns, read. A minister needed for Kings- 
ton 1083 

9 Gov. Fletcher to Committee of Trade — Jesuits — Ministry 

Bill 1084 

13 Rev. Rudolphus Van Varick, to a friend in Amsterdam. . 1084-1086 
Nov. 1 Rev. Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam... 1086-1088 

Table of Contents. xv 

1693. PAGE. 

Nov, 17 Letter from Kingston, read 1088 

21 Revs. Selyiis and Varick to Classis of Amsterdam 1089 

Dec.. 8 The ease of Kingston in New England? [New York] 1090 

12 Gov. Fletcher's Address to the AssemBly. Rebuilding Chapel 

in the Fort. (Oct. 20, 22, 1694) 1090, 1091 

1682-1694. Statement of Arrears of Domine Selyns' salary. . 1092 


Jan. 9 First New York City Vestry chosen under Ministry Act of 

1693. Names 1092 

12 Rev. Dellius to Gov. Fletcher. Jesuits in New York 1093 

? Rev. Dellius to Father Dablon 1093 

18 Day of Fasting and Prayer 1093 

31 Father Milet to Rev. Dellius 1094 

Feb. 2 Proposition of the Five Nations — Dellius — Jesuits 1095 

5 First Action of City Vestry. One hundred pounds to be as- 
sessed. A dissenting minister may be called 1095 

9 Rev. Dellius to Father Milet 1096 

12 Assembly's Decision as to the meaning of the Ministry Act — 
Governor presents the name Of Rev. John Miller to serve 

under the Ministry Act. Note on Miller 1096 

Rev. Dellius to Gov. Fletcher 1097 

14 Major Schuyler to Gov. Fletcher. Father Milet. Rev. Del- 
lius 1098 

Marci 15 Leisler's adherents to be pardoned 1098 

Calls to the Foreign churches — Rev. Nucella 1099 

April 13 Examination and ordination of Rev, John Peter Nucella, etc. 1099 

May 3 Rev. Guilliam Bertholt (Bertholf ) 1100 

June 7 Letters read from Revs. Dellius, Selyns and Varick 1100 

July 5 The letters from New Netherland 1101 

19 The letters from New Netherland 1101 

23 Permission to collect funds to build Trinity Church, New 

York 1101 

Aug. 5 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Amsterdam 1102-1104 

Art. 8. Representations to be made to William III., about 

churches of New York. 
Extracts from foreign letters: 

From a letter from Albany of Nov. 1, 1693. 
Translations into Mohawk. 

Sept. 6 Letters read from New Netherland 1104 

Oct. 4 Requests for examination — Gualterus Du Bois 1104 

7 Rev. Godfridus Dellius to Classis of Amsterdam 1105 

Nov. 14 Rev. Henry Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam — Case of 

Guilliam Bertholf — Death of Rev. Varick 1106-1109 

Jan. 1 Conveyance of Manor of Fordham to the Consistory of the 
Dutch Cliurch, according to will of Cornelius Steen- 
wyck 1109-1112 

3:vi Table of Contents. 

1695. PAGE. 

Jan. 8 Second New York City Vestry chosen according to Ministry 

Act of 1693 — Names 1112 

26 Action of City Vestry 1112 

March 14 Cost of rebuilding King's Chapel in Foii;, etc. 1113 

April 6 Examination of students. Gualterus Du Bois 1113 

12 Opinion of the Assembly that the ilinistry Act pennits the 

calling of a minister dissenting from the Church of England 1114 

13 Report of the Assembly's opinion to the Council, and their 

action thereon 1114 

? Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Kingston 1115 

18 Eesolutions of Cliurch of New York to seek incorporation. . . IIIG 
Who may be commissioned to lease lands in Manor of Ford- 
ham 1117 

May 7 The churches of King's county to Classis of Amsterdam. 1117-1120 
13 Call of Long Island on Van Zuuren — Endorsed by other 

churches 1120-1122 

24 Rev. Dellius to Gov. Fletcher — Jesuits 1122 

June 5 Final account for building Dutch Church of New York — Sal- 
ary of Selyns 1123 

13 Peter Dela Noy's description of Gov. Fletcher's Character. 1124-1126 

19 Petition of the Dutch Church of New York for a Charter. 1127, 1128 
Aug. 4 et seq. Synod of North Holland at Hoom 1126 

Art. 7. Indian Churches. 

Petition to William III., about the churches in New York 
no longer necessary. 
Sept. 5 Letter from New York asking that Rev. Van Zuuren may be 

sent back to Long Island. Declined 1129 

Oct, 3 Wm. Lupardus called to Long Island 1130 

16 Law for better observance of the Sabbath 1130 

24 Rev. Wm. Lupardus examined and ordained for Long Island. . 1131 
Account by Jacob Leisler, Jr., of the conduct of Revs. Selyns, 
Dellius, and Varick towards the Revolution brought about 

by Capt. Leisler 1131 

Request of Rev. John Miller, English Chaplain, for the King's 
Farm 1132 

Jan. 7 Memorial of Brook and Nicolls to Lords of Trade. Boys to 
be sent to learn the Indian's language. English clergymen 
to be sent 1133 

14 Third New York City Vestry chosen. Names 1133 

March 19 Petition of certain Episcopalians to be allowed to purchase 

ground for a " Church of England " in New York 1134 

April 7, 17, 20 The Chapel in the Fort 1135 

1696, May 11; 1697, May 6 The two earliest Ecclesiastical Charters in 
New York, that of Reformed Dutch Cliurch, and of Trinity 
Church (Church of England), printed in parallel columns 
for comparison 1136-1165 

Table of Contents, xvii 

1696. PAGE. 

May 11 Eeport of Lords of Trade how to keep friendship with the 

Indians — Rev. Dellius 116G 

30 Gov. Fletcher to Duke of Shrewsbury. Congratulations to 

William III 1166 

July 16 Dutch Church of New York. Action on their Charter. 

Notes on the Charter 1167 

23 License to collect funds to aid in building Trinity Church, 

New York 1168 

26 Dutch Church of New York thanks Gov. Fletcher for their 
Charter, and gives expression to it hj a service of silver 

plate 1168 

Aug. 8 Commission of Dellius and others to make a treaty with the 

Five Nations 1169 

Sept. 4 Information by Rev. John Miller about New York 1170 

8 Plan of Brooke and Nicoll for securing New York 1170 

30 Rev. Selyns to Classis of Amsterdam. Charter of Dutch 

Church. Harvard College. General condition of all the 

churches in New York. Growth of New York City. . 1171-1173 

Lords of Trade on the Northern Colonies — The Quakers — 

Conversion of the Mohawks — ■ Society for Propagating the 

Gospel in New England 1171 

Oct. 3 Rev. Dellius and others, a Commission to treat with the In- 
dians, during Gov. Fletcher's absence 1171 

Nov. 2 Action of the City Vestry. Call of Rev. Mr. Vesey. City 
Vestry loan him money to go to England for ordination. 

Notes on his call 1174-1176 

18 Request of Church of Albany to Church of New York to aid 
certain parties, who had been robbed by the Indians and 

French 1176 

Dee. — Action of the City Vestry on the call of Rev. Mr. Vesey 1176 

1696-7 Choice of '" Managers of the Cliurch of England," in distinc- 
tion from the Civil Vestry of the Ministry Act of 1693 1176 

16967 Petition from New Rochelle 1177 


May 6 Letter from Selyns read in Classis 1177 

Certain persons who style themselves Managers of the Church 

of England, petition for Charter 1178 

Charter of Trinity Church. (See May II, 1696, for this 

Charter, by the side of that of the Dutch Church) 1136 

Note on the land asked for in Trinity's Charter. Note on 

Trinity Church Grave Yard ,, 1179 

11 Lords of Trade on the too great privileges of colonial sub- 
jects. Propose a charter, like that of Virginia, for New 

York 1180 

28 Report of subscriptions toward the building of Trinity Church 1180 

June 9 Propositions to Rev. Dellius by the Onondagas 1181 

10 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Selyns 1182-1184 

18 Commission of Gov. Bellomont — Extracts as to Religion. . . . 1184 


xviii Table of Contents. 

1697. PAGE. 
Aug. 2 Documents connected with the ordination of Hev. Wm. Veaey, 
and his induction into Trinity Church; as done in Eng- 
land 1185-1187 

Aug. 6 Trinity Church orders a petition to Gov. Fletcher asking for 

the money i-aised to redeem certain captives in Sally 1187 

8-18 Synod of North Holland at Edam 1187, 1188 

Art. 11. Extracts from a letter from Kew York, of Sept. 
30, 1696. 
Aug. 19, 1697-Nov. 19, 1698 Documents relating to the efforts of the 
Dutch Church of New York to call a second minister, ac- 
cording to their Charter; as follows 1189 

1. Eequest of certain ones for a second minister. Aug. 

19, 1697 1189 

2. Public, meeting of Consislory Sept. 15, 1698 (or 1697?), 

to consider said request 1190 

3. Power of Attorney to certain ones, to obtain volun- 

tary subscriptions for two preachers, Sept. 7 (17?), 
1697 1190 

4. Form of the obligation by subscription for two min- 

isters, the one here already; tlie second to be called 
from Holland. Sept. & Oct. 1697 1191 

5. Consistorial Meeting to decide in reference to a second 

petition, presented, Feb. 20, lB98. March 21, 1698. . 1192 

6. Consistorial Meeting to receive report of Committee. 

March 30, 1698 1193 

7. Refusal to report. New Committee appointed. April 

25, 1698 1194 

8. Call for a second minister. July 21, 1698 1195-1197 

9. Approval of said call by different churches 1197 

(1) By the Church of Albany, Aug. 21, 1698 1197 

(2) By the churches of King's County, Aug. 21, 1698 1197 

(3) By the Consistory of New Harlem, Aug. 30, 1698 1198 

(4) By the Consistory of Bergen, Aug. 30, 1698 1199 

10. Not approved by Rev. Nucella and the Church of 

Kingston. Sept. 4, 1698. Reply by Rev. Henry 
Selyns and Church of New York to the disapproval 
by Kingston. Sept. 18, 1698 1199-1201 

11. Call for a second minister approved by the Great Con- 

sistory of New York. Sept. 18. 1698 1201 

12. Extracts from the Church Records, Dec. 21, 1691 

(March 9, 1692?), and from the Charter, May 11, 
1696 1202 

13. Consistorial Meeting for the election of Elders, Dea- 

cons and Church-Masters. Oct. 27, 1698 . 1203 

14. Protest against the Call of a second minister, of one 

elder, and of Church-Masters. (No date) 1204 

■ 15. Advice taken of the French Church. Nov. io, 1698. .. 1205 

Table of Coi^tents. xix 


16. Consistorial Meeting held in presence of Great Con- 

sistory. Nov. 11, 1698 1206 

17. Eights of Consistory under the Charter 1209 

18. Second protest against the said election, made Nov. 

12, 1698 1210 

19. Counter testimonials in behalf of Rev. Selyns. Nov. 

12, 1698 1211, 1212 

Aug. 31 Secret Instructions to Earl of Bellomont: As to Religion. . . . 1213 
Sept. 15 Committee appointed by Dutcli Church, New York, to procure 

subscriptions for second minister 1214 

28 Messrs. Schuyler, Dellius and Wessels to Gov. Fletcher 1215 

Nov. ? Petition to appropriate redemption money for slaves in Salee, 

to Trinity Church 1216 

Dec. 2 Money to redeem Mr. Wessels and others from Turkish cap- 
tivity, applied to Trinity Church. Further report thereon. 1217 
7 Building Masters in Dutch Church to be called Church-Mas- 
ters. Rates for burials 121S 

25 Induction of Rev. William Vesey into Tiis parish — Done in 

the New Dutch Church — Mr. Brodhead's account of it. . . . 1218 
March 13 Trinity Church opened for service. Letter of Gov. Fletcher, 
dated March 25, certifying the induction of Rev. Mr. Vesey 

into the Church-Building 1219 

Inscription over the Portal 1219 

- Gov. Fletcher gives his pew in Trinity Church to the 

Council 1220, 1221 


April 2, 1698-1701, March 5. 

Notes on his Administration 1222 

April 22 Bellomont's Instructions to Schuyler and Dellius on their 

mission to Canada 1222 

May 25 Earl of Bellomont to Lords of Trade 1223 

31 Alleged fraudulent purchase of land by Dellius and others of 
the Mohawk Indians — The request for ministers by the 

Mohawks 1224 

June 8 Frontenac to Bellomont — Missions — Rev. Dellius 1225 

22 Bellomont to Lords of Trade. How Fletcher antagonized the 

Dutch and English interests in Church and State 1225 

July 2 Report of Schuyler and Dellius on their mission to Canada. 

French Missionaries, versus English 1225, 1226 

7 P. S. of Bellomont to Secretary Popple. Fletcher's extrava- 
gant land grants — King's Farm and Trinity Church 1227 

21 Letter from Rev. Selyns of May 4, 1698, read in Classis, about 

a schism in their church 1228 

Aug. 13 Bellomont to Frontenac. Indians opposed to Jesuit mission- 
aries. Want Protestants 1229 

XX Table of Contents. 

1698. PAGE. 

Sept. 14 Rev. Henry Selyns lo Classis of Amsterdam. Names of 

Catechumens in the Dutch Church of New York. .. . 1230-1239 
Bellomont to Lords of Trade. Obtains Indian testimony 
against E,ev. Dellius on the land grants — Attempts expla- 
nation of his former endorsement of Rev. Dellius .... 124D-1242 
18 Deficiencies in raising the salary of Dutch Church of New 

York 1242 

Oct. 14 Answer of Church-Masters as ?o the reburial of Leisler under 

Dutch Church 1242 

18 Dutch Church of New York to the Dutch Church in London. 1243 

19 Report of Board of Trade on New York — List of Fletcher's 

land grants — Grants to Dellius — ■ The Bang's Garden — 
Trinity Church — Location of grants 1244 

21 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade about the exhumation and 

reburial of Leisler under the Dutch Church of New York. . 124-5 
Letter of certain members of the Dutch Church of New York 
(of the Leisler party) to tlie Classis of Amsterdam — An 
elaborate review of their side of the case. Note. . . . 1246-1262 

22 Bellomont to Lords of Trade concerning Fletcher's land 

grants, especially to Rev. Dellius 1262 

27 Bellomont to the Lords of the Treasury 1263 

The Manor of Fordham — Leases to be granted only by the 

Church-Masters ^ 1263 

Bellomont lo Sec. Popple. Fast day appointed, but not ob- 
served by opponents of Bellomont — Statistics 1263 

Oct. 27-Nov. 14 Copy of Acts of Consistory of the Dutch Church of 

New York sent to Dutch Church of London 1264-T2?4 

Nov. 12 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Concerning Rev. Dellius 
and the land grants — Concerning Charter of the Church 

of New York 1274 

19 Dutch Church of New York to Dutch Church of London. 1274^1277 
Nov. 28 Heads of Complaints formulated against Fletcher. (Dec. 24.) . 1277 
Dee. 15 The Church of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam'. . 1278-1282 
24 Fletcher's answer, in part, to the charges against him. 

(Nov. 28.) 1282 

Jan. 9 Reply of Mr. Weaver to Col. Fletcher's answer — Rev. Del- 
lius — Lease of the King's Farm to Trinity Church — • 
Trinity Church helped by Dutch and French subscriptions — 

Charter of Dutch Church 1283, 1284 

24 Charges against Fletcher further considered 1285 

March 9 Lords of Trade on Fletcher's grants and his reply 1285 

April 6 Report to Classis on the Call to New York — Rev. Verdieren 

declines — - Rev. Dellius wishes to repatriate 1286 

7 Letter from New York of Dec. 15, 1698, read. Indian Bible — 
Selyns explains the lengthy document of Aug. 19, 1697-Nov. 

19, 1698 1287 

11 Instructions to Bellomont, about duty of converting Negroes 

and Indians, sent to the Assembly 128S 

Table of Contents. xxi 

1699. PAGE. 

April 13 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade. A denunciation of Rev. 
Dellius; cliai-ges him with treason, Jesuitism, factionalism, 
immoralities, drunkenness — Rev. Mr. Vesey — Lease of the 

King's Farm to Trinity Church 1288-1290 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Godfridus Dellius; urges him 

to remain at Albany 1290-1292 

17 Bellomont to Lords of Trade. Intended, efforts to break 

Fletclier'is grants of land 1292 

23 Consistory of Church at Antwei-p, defending Rev. John 

Lydius 1298 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Henry Selyns — Acknowledge 
reception of an Indian Bible — Mourns the strife in New 

York — Rev. Verdieren declines Call 1294-T2S5 

27 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Bill for vacating Fletcher's 
grants of land to Rev. Dellius, and others; to Trinity 
Church; deposition of Rev. Dellius; antagonisms to the 

Governor 1296 

May 4 Revs. Peter Vas and Gualterus Du Bois offer to serve in 
foreign lands — Rev. Gualterus Du Bois aceepts Call to 

New York 1297 

Notes of conversation between Gov. Bellomont and Mr. 
Graham, the Attorney-General, about vacating Fletcher's 

grants of land 1298 

Bellomont to Lords of Trade. General profligacy of the 

people 1208 

4-10 A message from the House about the Bill for Settlement 
and Support of Ministers, Schoolmasters, etc. — Advice 
that it do not pass; that a Bill be prepared to support all 

denominations. (See May 22, 169^.) 1299 

8 The Dutch Church of London to the Dutch ChucS of New 

York ISDO, 1301 

12 A Bill passed for repairing Meeting Houses and other public 

buildings 1302 

15 BttUomont to Lords of Trade. Reburial of Leisler 1302 

19 Instructions to Messrs. Hanse and Schermerhom in their 
visit to the Mohawks to explain the restoration of their 
lands to them, or the vacating of the grants to Rev. Dellius 

and others 1303 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — 
Inform thsm of the acceptance of their Gall by Rer. Gual- 
terus Du Bois 1304 

22 Request of ninety of the principal members of the Church 

of Albany for return of Domine Dellius 1305 

Testimony of the old Consistory of Albany as to his unblem- 
ished character, dated Feb. 5, 1699, and May 23; and of 

the New Consistory, dated May 22, 1699 130&-1308 

Similar testimonials from tlie Consistory of Schenectady, 
dated May 31, 1699 1308 

xxii Table of Contents. 

1699. PAGE. 

May 22 And from the Consistory , of Kingston, dated June 20, 

1699 1309-1311 

The Vestry of Trinity Chui'ch, New York, to Archbishop 
Tenison. Account of Gov. Fletcher's aeal and liberality for 
establishment of Trinity Church; versus the opposite con- 
duct of Earl Bellomont. Notes 1311, 1812 

29 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — His acts for vacating 
grants of land to Rev. Dellius; to Trinity Church, and 
others ^ — Deposition of Rev. Dellius by the Assembly. 1313, 1314 
31 Bellomont to Lords of Trade. Plans to break Fletcher's ex- 
travagant grants 1315 

June 1 Examination and ordination of Rev. Gualterus Du Bois for 

New York City 1315 

2 Copy of Call given to Eev. G. Du Bois by the Deputati 1315 

5 Church of Albany to Classis of Amsterdam — They tell of 
the deposition of Rev. Dellius by the civil power — Deter- 
mination of Rev. Dellius to go to England in his own 
defence; and to the Classis of Amsterdam, for the rights of 
our Church — Sad complaint of Cliurch of Albany — Hope 
for return of Rev. Dellius, or that another may be sent 

in Ms place 1316, 1317 

8 (1) Recantation by the Indians, of their statements against 

Rev. Dellius; their petition for his forgiveness 1318 

(2) Denial of the Indian converts that Dellius had cheated 

them — They beseech him to return 1319 

(3) Testimonials of the Dutch, French and English Preachers 

in New York concerning Domine Dellius, June 21, 1699, 

all giving him the most excellent character 1320 

(4) Testimonials of forty-six of the most prominent merchants 

of New York, as to the character and usefulness of 

Dellius, dated June 24, 1699 1321, 1322 

(6) Testimonials of the Consistory of the French Church in 
New York, as to his unblemished character and fidelity, 
dated June 25, 1699 1323 

(6) Testimonials of the Consistory of the Dutch Church of 

New York, as to his labors and the wrong done Domine 
Dellius; dated June 27, 1699 1324 

(7) Testimony of the minister and Vestry of the English 

Church (Trinity Church) as to his tmstained reputation 

and usefulness; dated June 27, 1699 1325 

10 Re-examination of Indians about their recantations of charges 

against Rev. Dellius 1326-1329 

July 22 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Five hundred pounds 
given by the people to Rev. Dellius, to defend himself in 
England — Further abuse of Dellius — Alludes to the cer- 
tificates given to Rev. Dellius — Complains of Rev. Mr. 
Vesey's favors to Rev. Dellius — Abuses Rev. Mr. Vesey's 
father — Refused to sign a Bill for a dissenting Ministry. 
(See May 4-10, 1699) 1329-1331 

Table of Conteistts. xxiii 

1699. PAGE. 

July 28-Aug. 6 Synod of North Hollana" at Haarlem 1332 

Art. 16. Extracts from letters from Few York, of Sept. 
14, and Dee. 15, 1698 — Kev. G. Du Bois has departed to 
New York 
Aug. 7 Church of New York hears of the coming of Rev. Gualterus 

Du Bois 1332 

24 Bellomont to Lords of Trade. Charges Rev. Dellius with 

getting the Indians to retract their charges against him. . 1333 
Sept. 7 Rev. Dellius in Classis of Amsterdam. Asks to be settled 

again in Holland, in the pastoral oflfice 1333 

11 Bellomont to the Bishop of London — Great abuse of Rev. 

Mr. Vesey ; and Rev. Mr. Dellius 1333-1335 

15 Bellomont to Secretary Popple; wants his letter against Revs. 

Vesey and Dellius read before the Bishop of London 1335 

Oct. 13 Bellomont's letter to Classis of Amsterdam, making many 

charges against Rev. Dellius 1335 

Nov. 14 Exchange, by Revs. Dellius and Lydius, of their respective 

churches of Albany, N. Y., and Antwerp, Belgium 1336 

15 The Church of Albany to certain gentlemen in Amsterdam, 
to send them a preacher — not necessarily from Classis of 

Amsterdam — if Mr. Dellius does not return 1336 

Dec. 14 Classis hear that Rev. John Lydius accepts their call to 

Albany 1336, 1337 

1699-1700 John Van Eckelen, Schoolmaster at MiHwout 1333 


Jan. 19 Church of New York. Payment for Quitrents due the Crown, 
from Manor of Fordham, Dutch Church, Ground, and Par- 
sonage, for three years, to March 2.5, "1699 1338 

27 Trinity Church and Bellomont 1333 

The King to Bellomont in behalf of Trinity Church 1339 

Feb. & March 20 Redemption of Captives in Barbary 1S40 

March 5 Call of Church of Albany, per Wm. Banker, on Rev. Barhardus 

Freerman 1340 

8 & 29 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Albany — Tried 
to persuade Rev. Dellius to return — Letter from Albany, 
asking for defence of your rights; to send you another 
minister, if Dellius did not return — Have called Rev. John 
Lydius for them — Dellius to settle at Antwerp — Their 
letter to Banckert for a minister, not necessarily of Classis 
of Amsterdam; and he had called Freerman — Danger of 
discord — Exhorted to receive Lydius and to send Freer- 
man back 1341-1346 

11 Heads of accusation against Bellomont: 3. Changed the 
members of the Council for inferior men; 4. Appointed 
mostly Dutch sheriffs and justices; 5. Exhumed the bodies 
of Leisler and Milbourne, and had them buried under the 
Dutch Church, against the protest of the English, French 
and Dutch ministers; 11. That he vacated several large 

'. grants of land, pretending that they were extravagant, and 

xxiv Table of Contents. 

1700. PAGE, 

deposed Rev. Dellius, the most useful man in the province; 
but did not vacate lands in hands of Leislerians; 17. That 
he stopped certain payments to the French and English 
ministers, because they favored Rev. Dellius; 22. That he 
suspended the justices that took the recantations of Indians, 

who had made charges against Dellius 1345 

March 29 Olassis of Amsterdam to the Churches of TSfew York, Long 
Island, and Esopus; exhorting them to sustain Rev. Lydius 

at Albany ; and not Freerman 1346 

Consistory of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam, thank- 
ing them for sending over Rev. G. Du Bois 1348, 1349 

April Robert Livingston reports the desire of the Onondagas to 

have ministers. Methods of the Jesuits 1350 

5 Action of the Classis in reference to the Freerman case 1350 

; • Classis receives a letter from Bellomont, making charges 

against Dellius. (Letter dated Oct. 13, 1699.) 1351 

9 Ex-Govemor Fletcher, in England, to Rev. DelHus. Declares 

all of Bellomont's charges against Dellius, false 1351-T3oS 

24 The Consistory of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Rev. G. Du Bois — Reference to the letter of Oct. 21, 1698, 

' • explaining its character somewhat — Copy of letter of Sept. 

18, 1698 1353-1357 

26, 27 Negotiations of the Commissioners with the Onondagas. They 
are to have forts and ministers ; and must avofd the Jesuits. 

Plans of the Jesuits 1358 

May 3 Commissioners to Bellomont. Ministers needed for the Onon- 
dagas 1359 

Report of Committee on Banckert's call of Freerman to 

Albany 13o9 

Charges of Bellomont against Dellius to be translated into 

Dutch • • • 1360 

13 Names of those who receive salary for preaching to the Indians 1360 
June 7 Reply of Classis, to Bellomont's charges against Dellius, post- 
poned l^'^l 

June 20 & July 3 Canada Indians are asked to return to New York; 

may then have ministers 1361 

July 5 Classis postpones decision on the legality of the New York 

Call on Verdieren — Reply to Bellomont's charges, postponed 1362 
9 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Rev. Labories labors 

among the Indians 1362, 1363 

19 Letter from New York of March 29, 1700, read in Qassis. 

Reply to Bellomont's charges, postponed 1363 

26, 31 Bellomont to Lords of Trade — Ministers — Jesuits 1364 

July 27-Aug. 5 Synod of North Holland at Amsterdam 1364 

Art. 14. Extracts from foreign letters. 

From letter from Albany of June 5, 1699..^ 1365 

From letter from New York of March 29, 1700 1366 

From letter from New York of April 24, 1700 1366 

29 Ministers needed for the Five Nations 1367 

Table of Coivtents. xxv 

1700. ^^«^' 

Aug. 3-9 Bill passed against Romish priests — Text of said Bill. . 1368-1370 
15 (O. S.) Rev. John Lydius to Classis of Amsterdam; about 
arrival of Rev. Freevman — Their reception at Albany — 
Freerman called to Schenectady — Installation of Lylius at 

Albany 1371-1374 

17 David Schuyler to Bellomont, about Jesuit missionaries to 

Indians 1374 

24 Address of citizens of Albany to Bellomont. Importance of 

Protestant missionaries to Indians versus Jesuits 1375 

Aug. 26-31 & Sept. 4 Conference of Earl of Bellomont with the Indians 

of the Five Nations. Promised to send tHem Protestant 

missionaries, in opposition to the FrencH Jesuits.... 1376-1378 

Aug. 29 Bellomont's Address to the Assembly and Council about 

the importance of Protestant missionaries amojig the Five 

Nations 1378-1384 

Sept. 4 Revs. Selyns and Du Bois to the Consistory of Schenectady; 
wish them prosperity with Rev. Freerman, but warn them 

of the illegality of their Call 1384, 1385 

Revs. Selyns and Du Bois to the Classis of Amsterdam. An 
account of the circumstances of Revs. Lydius and Freerman, 

and the churches of Albany and Schenectady 1386-1388 

6 Letter of Bellomont against Rev. Dellius yet remaing in statu. 1388 
9 Consistory of Albany to Classis of Amsterdam. Account of 
arrival of Revs. Lydius and Freerman, and the churches 

of Albany and Schenectady 1388-1390 

Oct. 4 Rev. Dellius to be heard in his defence of charges made by 

Bellomont — Rev. Peter Vas 1390 

Report of the Council of Trade on Bellomont's proposal to 
send ministers among the Indians of Central New York. . 1390 
5 The Accusation of Bellomont against Rev. Dellius given to 

him, for an answer 1391 

16 East Chester made a distinct parish from Westchester 1391 

17 Bellomont to the Lords of Trade: An Act against Jesuits and 

Popish priests referred to; and an 'Act to secure the Five 
Nations in their Fidelity, referred to — Reference to his 
Commission to the Five Nations — Request for mission- 
aries to the Indians, to be supported by the Society for 
Propagating the Gospel — Rev. Mr. Laborie — Refused 
petitions from Suffolk and Queens Counties for settling a 
Dissenting Ministry — Suspension of Parson Smith — 
Charges against Bellomont 1392 

18 itev. Dellius requested to send in his Defence against Bello- 

mont's charges 1393 

19 Bellomont to the Board — SiAspension of Parson Smith — 

Example of his bad conduct — Relations of Bellomont and 
Rev. Mr. Vesey — Ministers to the Five Nations 1393 

xxvi Table of Conteistts. 

1700. PAGE. 

Oct. 21 Defence of Rev. Godfridus Dellius against Bellomonl's charges. 1394 

Duty of self-vindication — A general denial — Selfishness of 
Leisler's zeal for William III. — Tyranny of Leisler — Le- 
gality of the execution of Leisler and Milbourne — Bayard's 
excellent character, and Dellius's absence in Boston, dis- 
prove the charge of their malice against Leisler 1394-1400 

Bellomont's misrepresentations of Dellius in civil matters — 
Patents for land obtained in a strictly legal manner — In- 
dians satisfactorily compensated — The deeds disprove Bello- 
mont's assertion as to Dellius's sole ownership — The 
Indians never rebelled because of these Patents — The King 
had not asked to have Patents vacated, and the Bill had 
not been signed — The deposition of Dellius was affected by 
an irregular Assembly, against a strong memorial, by per- 
sons of low degree, and by an illegal vote — This action 
was confirmed in the Council also in an iiTegular and illegal 
manner — The Bill forced through by Bellomont — Illegality 
in manner of obtaining Indian testimony against Dellius — ■ 
Testimony recanted by the Indians 1401-1407 

As to moral charges ; charge of drunkenness untrue — Charge 
of immorality untrue, as proved by the alleged letter — 
Charge of improper friendship with Jesufts, untrue, as 
proved by the alleged letter — Bellomonfs ignorance about 
the land grants, as proved by his own language — The 
absuridity of his charge about the forgery of testimoni"' 
in behalf of Dellius — The real loyalty of all the Dutch 
ministers to William III.— The excellent character of Flet- 
cher, according to Dellius — Bellomont's former bad char- 
acter in England — Suspended from office; and now about 
to be recalled from America 1408-1420 

Design of this letter — Many testimonials to Dellius's char- 
acter, and more to be had, if necessary 1420-1422 

24 Rev. John Peter Nuc.ella to the Classis of Amsterdam. Full 

statement of the case of Lydius and Freerman at 
Albany 1422-1425 

25 Lords of Trade to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Importance 

of Church of England ministers among the Indians in Cen- 
tral New York 1426 

30 Lords of Trade to Bellomont. Indians of Central New York. 
The communication of Lords of Trade to the Archbishop of 

Canterbury and Bishop of London 1426 

Nov. 1 Bishop of London to the Lords of Trade. Indians of Central 
New York need ministers. Regrets the banishment of 

Dellius ^ 1426 

28 Bellomont to Lords of* Trade. Dellius. The masts. Emigra- 
tion to Jersey 1427 

Table. OF Conteis^ts. xxvii 

1700. PAGE. 

Dec. 6 Action of Classis on the legality of the Call to New York. . 142S 
Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York. Refer- 
ence to the difficulties in the church. Plan of peace; all 

to unite on Rev. G. Du Bois 142S 

The Classis reads the defence of Dellius against the charges 
made by Bellomont. The Deputati ordered to answer Bello- 
mont, and to insert in their answer, extracts from Dellius's 

Defence 1429 

Bellomont to Secretary Vernon 1430 

29 The Classis of Amsterdam to the' Earl of Bellomont — Apology 
for delay in answering - — Bellomont thanked for his zeal 
for religion — Two kinds of charges made by him against 
Dellius, namely, civil and moral — Classis declines to dis- 
cuss the civil out of respect to William III. — The moral 
charges, if true, could not be tolerated — Recapitulation of 
them — Bellomont must have grieved to Avrite such charges 
against a minister — He will now equally rejoice to leam 
of their untruthfulness — In detail ' 14S0-1432 

1. That Dellius is a liar — Very many most excellent tes- 

timonials show that this cannot be, including a 
letter from ex-Governor Fletcher 14."2 

2. The charge of drunkenness — This charge, when ex- 

amined, falls to the ground — The Classis also knows 
Dellius too well to believe it 1433 

3. That he was a defender of schism — But Bellomont's 

own conduct shows that he had full confidence in him 1433 

4. The moral charges very serious, especially that about 

the French lady. (1) But extracts enclosed from 
Dellius's Defence entirely explain and disprove this 
gossip 1434 

(2) His inclination to Popery, from a Jesuit's in- 
tercepted letter. But extracts, enclosed, from 
Dellius's Defence entirely explain and disprove 
such stories 1434 

(3) The charge of writing his own testimonials and 
forging signatures. This impossible to be be- 
lieved. The signatures too well-known 1435 

The Classis therefore hopes that Bellomont will defend Dellius 
from any more such attacks. If any further charges are 
to be made, Dellius is now under other ecclesiastical juris- 
diction, the Synod of South Holland 1435, 143S 

Religion in New Jersey: By Col. Morris 143S 

Jan. 2 Bellomont to Lords of Trade — Masts taken from tract of 
Dellius before vacating Act had been approved by the King 
— Bellomont's idea of Fletcher's hypocrisy — Size of Del- 
lius's tract 1437 


Table of Contents. 

1701. PAGE. 

Jan. 16 Bellomont to Lords of Trade — Rev. Freerman's letter to 

' Bellomont of Jan. 6, 1701 — Among" the Mohawks 1439 

17 Letter of Eev. Lydius read in Classis, in reference to the 
receptions respectively of Revs. Lydius and Freennan at 
Albany — Lydius installed at Albany ; and Freerman had 
gone to Schenectady — Also letters read from Consistory 
of Albany, from Rev. Nucella, and from Revs. Selyns and 
Du Bois 1440 

Feb. 11 Lords of Trade to Bellomont — Suspension of Chaplain Smith; 
importance of ministers, who are also physicians, among 
the Indians ; difficulty of maintaining them 1440 

March 5 Death of Bellomont — Events after his death — Leislerians 

and anti-Leislerians — Characterization of Bellomont 1441 

Synod of ITorth Holland, at Alckmaee. 

1680, July 15 et seq. 1680 
Art. 9. Extracts from letters from the Indian Ohurches. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Casparus van Zuren, minister 
in New Netherland, on Long Island, dated October 30, 1678. 

In this he complains, first of all, of the mutual quarrels of his 
combined churches, about the burden to be borne in the building 
of a parsonage. 

He also complains of the matter of his salary, saying that the 
Eev. Classis as well as himself had been deceived. For although 
he had been promised seven hundred and fifty guilders, Holland 
money, that he is permitted to enjoy, at the most, not more than 
six hundred guilders. This is worth not more than four hundred 
and fifty guilders in Holland. 

That he had in vain complained of this, getting nothing in reply 
but mockery and contempt. 

That, finally, the matter was treated again at a general meet- 
ing. After several propositions, however, he could bring it no 
further than an offer, which was one hundred guilders less than 
the meeting itself confessed was his due. This loss had to be 
borne entirely by him. He professes that he cannot get along un- 
der the circumstances. 

After several earnest debates, the meeting broke up in such 
confusion, that all hopes of improvement were practically cut off 
for him. Add to this, that free fire-wood, also promised to him, 
has not yet been attended to. What will be the result of all this 
remains as yet uncertain. He is strongly inclined to return to the 
Fatherland at the earliest opportunity. To this end he requests 
that the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam will be pleased to take to 



746 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

heart his distressful condition, and ^^ill devise some means to re- 
lieve him, and secure his return, if there should be any opposi- 
tion thereto on that side. 

Extracts from a letter from Rev. Lawrence Gaasbeeck, dated 
15-25 October 1679, at jSTew York, of the following contents: 

That he had also sent a letter on October 7/17, which he 
doubted whether we had received. 

That having started (from Holland) on May 13, 1678, he had 
safely arrived on August 21, and had begun his services at Esopus 
on September 15. 

Further, he describes the situation of that place and nation; 
the three churches to which he must minister; the order of the 
preaching services, and the number of members. 

He says that he has begun to organize, and shall continue to 
organize everything on the basis of the churches of the Father^ 
land, and recently a new church, (N'ew Paltz?) in which he shall 
soon preach. 

Signed, Lawrentius Gaasbeeck, 

Ecclesiastes Esopiensis. 

Art. 27. Labadists. 

Ad Art. 32. Speaking of the Labadists and Jacob Coelman, 
the respective Classes report: As regards the Labadists, that 
they shall be watchful against them, although but a few remnants 
of them are any longer to be detected among us. The Rev. Cor- 
respondents from South Holland have given notice in their Acta, 
that the Correspondent of Eriesland had reported in their Synod, 
that one of the ministers who had joined the Labadists had re- 
turned again. 


As to Jacob Coelman: It is learned that he shows himself 
here and there, and travels from one place to another in order 

OF THE State of Xew York. 747 

to hold conventicles; that he disturbs the feelings of the Church- 
members bj giving them evil impressions of their regular minis- 
ters. The several Classes are charged to watch carefully against 
him. The Rev. Brethren of Amsterdam as well as those of 
some other Classes report the earnest efforts which they have 
already made with their Estimables, (the Burgomasters.) 

Art. 57. Gravanima of the Classes. 


Gravamen Classis Hornanae. 

It submits to the Christian Synod for consideration only this : 
1. Whether the several Classes, to which are entrusted the 
Indian Affairs, are not bound, or at least henceforth should be 
bound, not only to hand in to Synod the extracts of the letters 
from the Indies, but also to report at the same time what action 
has been taken in regard to these facts by them respectively; 
and then that this report be also noted down in the Synodical 
Minutes, to the end that the complaints of the Indian churches, 
and the efforts of those of the Fatherland on their behalf, and 
the success thereof, may appear. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

1680, Oct. 17th. 

Mrs. van Gaasbeeck to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Beloved Brethren: — 

It has pleased our Lord God to take my dear husband from 
me, and the congregation is anxious to have another minister. 
I have learned that my brother-in-law Weecksteen, is inclined to 
take my husbands place. Therefore I take the liberty to say, at 


748 Ecclesiastical Records 

the request of our ConsistorVj who are favorable to my brotheiv 
in-law, and if the Classis should consider him fit, that I wisli 
that he may be delegated, in preference to anybody else, to come 
to this foreign land and console me. He is master at the first 
school in Haerlem, and his name is Johannis Weecksteen. 

Laurensia van de Hellenaer, 
Kingston widow of Laurensius van Gaesbeck. 

October 17, 1680. 

Esopus Seeks Approbation of the Governor to Call a New 


! 1680, Nov. 19. 

At a Council held in New York at which there were present the Goyernor and 
his Councilors; 

Mr. Wessel Ten Broeck, Mr. Jan Mattysen and William Dewyer and Mr. John 
Hooges, authorized from the Esopus, acquainted the Governor that they are agreed 
to write to Europe for a minister, in the room of their late minister, deceased, 
(Van Gaasbeeck), desiring his Honor's approbation therein; who admitted and ap- 
proved accordingly. But in their letter they are to give directions for one who can 
preach in English also — If to be had; and if they write to Holland, that It be 
communicated to the English Church there. 

By order in Council, 
I John West. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. The Church at Kingston 'New 
York, to the Classis of Amsterdam, iN^ovember 22, 1680. xxi. 
223-4. (Extract in Mints. Syn. Is^. Holland, 1681, Art. 11.) 

Eeverend, Pious, Very Learned, Prudent, Wise Gentlemen, 
Fathers and Brothers in Christ : — 
A benefit received sometimes gives to those who have received 
it, and done well through it, the boldness of asking for another. 
It is the privilege of the church of the ISTew Testament to be 
gathered from all tongues, nations, peoples and families, so that 
it comprises children scattered over the whole world. The usual 
means employed by God to bring his chosen people, given forever 
to Christ, into his sheepfold, is his word, accompanied by his arm 
(power) and his spirit. It is thus that hearts are persuaded and 

OF THE State of New York. 749 

purified, faith awakened, and the faithful themselves bound to 
God and Christ. 

Your Reverences know, by our former letters, that it has pleased 
the Almighty to gather for himself a congregation at the place in 
this Province, which we call the Esopis (Esopus), and that the 
minister, Laurentius van Gaasbeeck, sent by you for the congre- 
gation of this place, in 1678, went to rest in the Lord, last Febru- 
ary. Thereby this place is again vacant, and our congregation 
is deprived of a proper shepherd and leader. Nothing else may 
be expected from this, after a while, than negligence in the mat- 
ter of divine service, as well as in all the duties of piety, and 
the breaking out of all kinds of excesses and prejudices. For it 
is well known, that sheep without a shepherd, stray further 
and further away, and become quite estranged to their own 
fold and food, and are exposed to manifold dangers from 
wild beasts and robbers. That such things may not happen to this 
congregation, the Overseers of the same have unanimously re- 
solved, to trouble your Reverences again. They hereby humbly 
request, that in accordance with your usual care for our church in 
this Province, and particularly for our congregation of Esopis, 
that you will please to see to it, that another teacher of good 
gifts and edifying life may be sent over, in place of the deceased. 

Our congregation has fairly increased since our last letter, and 
has now about two hundred and fifty members. It will further 
increase by the growth of the children, who are daily born in 
our church. We inhabit three villages, each about half a (Dutch) 
mile distant from the other and twenty (Dutch) miles from New 
York. We bind, and hold ourselves bound, by the same condi- 
tions which we kept with the deceased, and which were then sent 
to your Rev. Assembly; to-wit, we will yearly raise a salary of 
six hundred bushels (schepels) of wheat. We cannot promise 
anything else, as. no other currency is common among us. We will 
also provide decent quarteise and sufiicient fuel free, and a free 



750 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

passage; tlie cost thereof to be refunded, with thanks. For the 
further assurance of your Reverences we have again sent you our 
petition, and his own signature of our xsToble, Very Honorable 
Governor, Mr. Edmond Andros, who approves of our call. We 
leave the further consideration of the contents of this paper to the 
discreet and wise judgement of your Rev. Body, as to the choice 
of a preacher. He must be one who can preach in English and in 
Dutch, a condition not contained in our former call. We hope, 
that you will look upon this matter from the point of a special 
love to build up God's Church, and so prevent all men from grow- 
ing wild in doctrine and habits. We have done everything to the 
best of our knowledge, with the aid of Domine Van ]^ieuwenhuy- 
sen, minister at ISTew York, and of Domine Van Zuuren, min- 
ister on Long Island, whose names are hereto subscribed. We 
further hope, that your Reverences will be so diligent in regard 
to this, our humble and Christian request, that an able teacher 
may be sent back by the ship now taking this letter, with the 
skipper of which, the cost of passage has been arranged. 
, !t^ot doubting your interest in all this, and commending our- 
selves and our congregation to your favor, we herewith close with 
our cordial and humble respects, and our wishes for God's blessing 
upon your Rev. Assembly, your counsels, services, persons and 
families ; we remain. 

Your Reverences Willing, Obliged, Humble Eriends, Servants 

and Brethren in Christ, 

Wessel ten Broeck, 

Jan Mattysen, 

W. D. Meyer, 

'New York, Johannes de Hooges. 

the 22 d 9 bre 1680, 

Wilhelmus van Xieuwenhuysen, 

Midwout at ISTew York, 

Casparus van Zuuren 

Pastor Lonsrinsulanus. 

OF THE State of ]S[ew York. 751 


Correspondeiice from America. Eev. Caspar Van Zimren to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, Dec. 10, 1680, K S. xxi. 221. (Ex- 
tract in Mints. Sjn. ^^. Holland, 1681, Art. 11.) 

Keverend, Pious, Very Learned, Wise, Prudent Gentlemen, 

V Fathers and Brethren in Christ: — 

I received the letter of your Rev. Assembly much sooner than 
I expected. The quarrels over my yearly salary, to which, as 
usual, other disagreeable things were added, had so prostrated my 
spirit and quenched my courage, that my intention to return to 
the Fatherland had several times been decided on. But your un- 
expected letter has again raised our spirits and changed our resolu- 
tions. I have carefully considered its contents and weighed them 
to the best of my abilities. I wish that the congregation had 
done the same with the letter sent to them by your Reverences. 
But it can hardly be expected that this will be done so suddenly, 
because the majority is not able to judge well of their duties 
towards their pastor. Howerer, everything has proceeded reason- 
ably well. Their written promise sent to your Rev. Assembly, 
and upon which I accepted the call, is now fulfilled somewhat 
better. They make also new promises to make it right for the time 
already passed. My condition will be remarkably improved 
thereby, although it is not yet to be compared with that of min- 
isters in Holland, much less with that of ministers in foreign 
countries generally, for the amount is small, anyway, and keeping 
house is expensive. But I am willing to confess, that affairs are 
not perfect even in Holland ; and that other foreign service has also 
its special inconveniences. 

On the other hand, I think, that three such things happen very 
rarely at other places, whether at home or in foreign countries, 
namely; being obliged to serve four villages, far from each other, 
60 that one has to preach by turns in each ; then, that for all this, 
one receives a salary only like that (for one church) in the Father- 
land; finally, that one lives under the government of a foreign 



power, whose manners and oliurch customs differ very much from 
ours, and from which little respect or even protection can be ex- 
pected. However, I do not say that such a call is beneath the 
dignity of any minister. Tar from it. The condition of these 
church members demands the sacrifice. I also have learned that 
we must bear much for the sake of the Gospel, which is not a soft 
bed, or velvet, but generally an affair of difficulty, often joined 
with oppression. Honor and dishonor, good and evil report go 
together. Of all this a pastor must not so much be afraid, but 
he must endeavor to overcome it. But I will only say, that a 
minister who is called to fill such a place is often driven to long 
for the Fatherland, and hopes to return there in due time. Yet 
he ought not to leave his congregation quite orphaned, but rather 
to warn them most impressively, and as far as possible to provide 
for calling a new teacher for their service. There are undoubtedly 
in Guelderland, and perhaps in some other provinces, those who at 
the end of the year, are in arrears with their salary to the amount 
of hundreds or even thousands, and yet who would rejoice in such 
a place as this. The salary for service here is about as good, as in 
said provinces, (Guelderland etc.), and is paid even more reg- 

Everything here is open to improvement. There is a fair num- 
ber of members, most of whom though not capitalists, are prosper- 
ous. A small additional contribution by each hearer would at once 
remarkably increase the yearly salary ; and the good advice, given 
by your Reverences, will be no small help. I hope, they will all 
take it to heart according to their abilities ; that we may overcome 
evil by good, and make opponents relent by heaping fiery coals 
upon their heads ; or, as the Apostle has it, that we make our- 
selves agreeable to all consciences by revealing the truth. I 
pray God, to strengthen me in this my undertaking, and establish 
and increase mutual love between me and my hearers, so that the 
word of the sermon may have more power over the human heart. 
What your Rev. Assembly has been pleased to do for settling our 

OF THE State of ITew York. 753 

differences, is gratefully acknowledged by ns, and received with 
due respect ; but at the same time we humbly request, that you will 
remember our name and favor our promotion, even though pur- 
suant to the advice of your Reverences, we still remain for the 
present in the service of this congregation. It may at some time 
please God Almighty to allow us to perform the service of his word 
in the church of the Fatherland. 

May the same All-Wise and Good God direct your Rev. As- 
sembly by his word and spirit in all truth, and bless your counsels 
for the best interests of hi& church; and also take your persons 
and your families under his holy guidance, and supply you with 
all his wealth and blessings in Christ. Thus wishes and prays he, 
who is and remains, 

Reverend, Very Prudent Gentlemen and Fathers in Christ, 

Tour Humble, Obliged and Willing Servant and Brother, 
Casparus van Zuuren, 
Midwoude, Minister on Long Island, 

the 10th of Dec. St. 'N. 

Correspondence from America. The Ministers of ^ew ISTether- 
land to the Classis of Amsterdam, (1680 ?) xxi. 222-3. (Ex- 
tract also in Mints. Synod Korth Holland, 1681, Art. 11.) 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Prudent and Wise Gentlemen, 
Fathers and Brethren in Christ: — 

It gave us peculiar pleasure to learn from your favor of May 
6th last, (1680) of the satisfaction which your Reverences were 
pleased to express at the appointment made by us in October, 1679, 
of Domine Tesschenmaker, as minister of the church on the South 
River, (New Arastel, !N"ew Castle, Del.) Moreover, you were 
pleased to consider that this act was properly done, as well as 
legally and wisely, in view of the existing necessities for church 
services. We can only say that we most heartily thank your 
Reverences both for your Christian courtesy, and for your friendli- 
ness towards the churches of New Netherland. We consider our- 


754 Ecclesiastical Records 

selves strongly bound to maintain most faithfully this necessary 
Correspondence with your Rev. Assembly, and to inform you from 
time to time of all important occurrences. As to the Church 
Rules observed in the Fatherland, and subscribed by us when 
there — they are observed by us in our services and churches here 
as carefully as possible. It would be a great folly in us, and an 
unchristian act of discourtesy, should we either misuse or neglect 
the privileges granted us by treaty by the English at our surrender 
of the country. Yet the particular circumstances of our churches 
are such that they cannot expect much help from the civil au- 
thorities here, or from the (home ?) government of such a nation 
(as the English). They agree with us pretty well on the funda- 
mental truths of our religion, but differ much in spirit, form of 
Church Government, and usages (or ceremonies.) Our peculiar 
relations to them may sometimes cause irregularities, even as the 
proverb says, " There is no rule without an exception ". But 
such things are of little consequence. As soon as the cause is re- 
moved, there is no further confusion. The work is for the moment 
delayed, but we then proceed on the old footing. As to our prom- 
ises and consciences, we quiet them as well as we can. 

The situation of our churches here is such that the mutual in- 
terchange of opinion cannot be well kept up otherwise than by 
letters. Domine Schaats, pastor at ISTew Albany, is more than 
thirty (Dutch) miles to the north of us (here at Manhattan), while 
Domine Tesschenmaker is almost forty (Dutch) miles to the south. 
To both of them all access is closed in winter. For this reason, 
personal conferences, once a year, would be very useful to us, 
although this is not yet quite possible. The expense involved also 
cannot yet be well met. Occasionally something happens here to 
perplex a minister, and he does not know exactly how to dispose 
of it. The elders appointed with him, indeed, as Overseers of the 
church, are generally still more perplexed at any unlocked for 
circumstance, being without special experience in church-cases. 
They are, therefore, unable to give a decision with truth and fair- 
ness. It can easily be understood, then, how necessary it is for 

OF THE State of New York. 755 

us to assist each other here by word and deed. We are in a 
foreign country, and also governed by the English nation. We 
must exercise much prudence in order to preserve the liberties 
granted us. 

Everything goes on well in our churches. They steadily in- 
crease in members. These now, in the whole province, number 
about fifteen hundred. The country is very large, indeed, and 
the greater part is yet wild. Some live eight or ten hours walking 
from their place of worship, and even further. Yet they walk 
from their homes to the place where divine worship is conducted. 
Some oongTegations which cannot afford a minister are satisfied 
with a voorsinger or voor lezer, (chorister or reader.) This is 
the way they also manage it on shipboard. It is to be hoped that 
the civil authorities here will yet lend a hand towards the support 
of religious services and ministers, as is done in the Fatherland ; 
and elsewhere, east and west, by the (commercial) companies. 
But owing to our being governed by the English, such a thing 
is hardly to be expected. We may ask, indeed. " But ask what 
you will ", says the proverb ; " and when you cannot do as you 
would, do what you can ". Meanwhile, God Almighty always 
tenderly cares for his owm children, and he alone knows what is 
best. He will give us what is best for us, according to his grace, 
and enable us to keep it. May he also cause your Rev. Assembly 
ever to look favorably on us. May he bless you in your counsels, 
your persons and your services, to the extension of the kingdom of 
Christ, and the glory of his great Name. Meanwhile we remain. 
Your Reverences humble, obliged and willing servants, 
Your Brothers and Fellow-Laborers, The Ministers 

of tlie Reformed Dutch Church in New Netherland. 
In the name of all, 
Wilhelmus van Nieuwenhuysen, 

Ecc. at New York. 
Casparus van Zuuren, 
New York Pastor Long Insulanus. 

(1680?) ' ' ' 


756 Ecclesiastical Reco:6ds 

Correspondence from America. 

The Chnrcli of Midwout to the Ciassis of Amsterdam. 

Dec. 10, 1680. 

Extract, xxi. 221-2; also in Mints. North Holland Synod, 
1681, Art. 11. 

Eeverend, Pious, Yerj Learned, Very Prudent Gentlemen, 
Fathers and Fellow-Laborers in Christ: — 

TVe have duly received your letter of last May (1680), and 
understood its contents. We have taken it so much to heart, that 
our difficulties have been amicably settled. The cause of these 
difficulties arose out of the differences in (the value of) wampum, 
which is our usual currency for payment, when it is calculated at 
the rates of Holland currency. The congregation had promised 
three thousand guilders in wampum, and thought they had dis^ 
charged their obligation by thus paying it. The preacher insisted 
upon seven hundred and fifty guilders Holland currency, which 
were, at the declaration, (by proclamation?) turned to wampum. 
Now, a mutual agreement has been made, that the congregation 
shall contribute the yearly sum of three thousand seven hundred 
and fifty guilders in wampum, without any further debates as to 
how much this sum may be worth in Holland currency. We 
therefore tender our best thanks to your Eeverences, for the care 
and trouble which you have had in this matter for the best inter- 
ests of our churches, and doubt not, that you will persevere in 
your good purposes. 

Everything goes on well in the congregations of our four 
villages. The number of members increases steadily, and has 
reached now about three hundred and fifty, besides some others, 
who come from neighboring villages or hamlets and enjoy the 
same privileges as ourselves. Your Pteverences can easily under- 
Btand how hard it is, that so many sheep should be deprived of 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 757 

a shepherd, especially as the majoritv of them are still very sim- 
ple and only babes in Christ. If they were without a teacher 
their minds would soon grow -^dld again, w^hich would prevent 
all increase in knowledge, faith, love and other salutary bless- 
ings. Therefore we take this opportunity to commend this Re- 
formed church of Long Island to the attention of your Rev, Body 
and trust that you will ever take a deep interest in it, whether 
in prosperity or adversity, and see that the public exercise of 
religion is maintained here. 

Affairs here are in such a state, that we will be able gradually 
to improve in our ability to maintain services and increase the 
salary of our minister, if it shall please the Great Shepherd of 
the sheep, as we earnestly pray, to give his divine blessing upon 
the Word of the Gospel, to its increase and fruitfulness. To 
this, we know that internal quarrels are mighty obstacles. The 
seed of the Word of the Kingdom cannot thrive well when 
mingled with the seed of Satan. He has his own separate do- 
minion, is an enemy of Christ's Kingdom in which the elect are 
gathered together as Christ's subjects. 

Therefore that all this may be accomplished without delay, 
we immediately, upon your admonitions settled all our differences, 
burying them in the ashes of love. We pray that your Rev. 
Body mil consider all that has happened as a thing of the past, 
and will ever remember us in a kindly way. We, on the other 
hand, mil never fail to keep you acquainted mth the condition of 
our churches here, and of any special matters which may occur. 

We heremth close, again commending our churches to your 
favorable notice, and v.ith our hearty and respectful greetings, 
we pray for our God's blessing on your Rev. Body, on your coun- 
sels, services and families. We remain. Reverend, Prudent 
Gentlemen, Fathers in Christ, 

Tour humble, obliged very obedient Servants and Brothers, 


758 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds ^ 

The Minister and Elders of the Dutch Congi-egation on Long 

Island in America 

Casparns van Zuuren, ^linister, 
Roelof Martensen, Elder of Amersfoort, 
Evert Teunisen, Elder of Amersfoort, 
Jan Strycker, Elder of Midvout, 
Hendrick Claesen, Elder of Midwont, 
Daniel Yerveelen, Elder of Xew Utrecht, 
The Mark X of Pieter Jansz, made by himself 
as Elder of Breukeien, 

Michael Stametle ( ?) Elder of Breukeien. 

10th of December, 
Engl, stile 

The Great Comet of 1680. 

The Commissaries of Albany to Capt. Brocl^holes. 

January 1st. 1681. 
Hond. Sir. 

According to former Practise in ttiis season of ye year, wee have sent this Post, 
to acquaint you, how all affaires are here with us, which is (thanks be to God) all 
in Peace and quietnesse. The Lord continue ye same, through ye whole Government 
wee doubt not but you have seen ye Dreadfull Comett Starr which appeared in the 
Southwest, on ye 9th of December last, about two o'clock in ye afternoon, fair 
sunnshyne wether, a little above ye Sonn, which takes its course more Northerly, 
and was seen the Sunday night after, about Twy-Light with a very fyery Tail or 
Streemer in ye West To ye great astonishment of all Spectators, and is now seen 
every night with Clear weather, undoubtedly God Threatens us with dreadful 
punishment if we do not Repent, wee would have caused ye Domine proclaim a 
Day of Fasting and humiliation to-morrow, to be kept on Wednesday ye 12th of 
January in ye Towne of Albany and Dependencies — if we thought our Power and 
Authority did extend so farr, and would have been well Resented by Yourself, for 
all Persons ought to humble Themselves in such a Time, and Pray to God to with- 
draw his Righteous Judgements from us, as he did to Nineve. Therefore if you 
would be pleased to grant your approbation wee would willingly cause a day of 
Fasting and Humiliation to be kept, if it were monthly; whose answer wee shall 
expect with ye Bearer. 

We cannot forbear to acquaint you with ye very great Scarcety of Come through- 
out our Jurisdiction, which is ten times more than was Expected, now when ye 
people Thresh, soo that it is Supposed, there will scarce be corn to supply ye In- 
habitants here, with bread. This is all at present wishing you and Counsell a 
Happy New Year, shall break off and Remain, 

Your humble and obedient Servants, 

Ye Commissaries of Albany. 
The Indian Wattawitt must have a 
Blankett and shirt att York. 

OF THE State of 'Nbw York:. 759 

New York, Jan. IStli, 1681. 

Yours of the first Instant by the Indian Post received and am giad to hear all 
things Well, wee have Seen the Comett not at the time you mention only in the 
Evening The Streamer being very large but know not its predicts or Events, and as 
they certainly threaten God's Vengeance and Judgements and are premonitors to us 
Soe I doubt not of your and each of your performance of your duty by prayer etc. 
as becomes good Christians Especially at this time, and hope the next yeare will 
make amends for a supply your Present Scarcety of Come, The Governor went 
hence the 7th and sailed from Sandy Point the 11th Instant Noe news here but all 
well, I remaine, Y'our affectionate Ffrlend, A. Brockholles. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 532. 

Penn's Patent as to Religion. 

1681, Jan. 22. 

" Upon the draft of a Patent for Mr. Penn, constituting him absolute Pro- 
prietary of a tract of land," etc., which was referred to Lord Chief Justice North, — 
"A paper being also read, wherein my Lord Bishop of London desires that Mr. 
Penn be obliged, by his Patent, to admit a chaplain of his Lordship's appointment, 
upon the request of any number of planters; the same is also referred to my Lord 
Chief Justice North." 

1681, Feb. 24. 

" The Lord Bishop of London is desired to prepare a draught of a law to be' 
passed in this country, for the settling of the Protestant religion." Quoted in 
Hazard's Reg. of Pa. I. 269, 270. See also Hist. Coll. Am. Col. Ch. 11. 5, 497-8. 

Charter granted to William Penn. Extract in reference to Religion. 
: 1681. 

IS. "And our farther pleasure is, and we do hereby, for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, charge and require, that if any of the Inhabitants of the said Province, to 
the number of twenty, shall at any time hereafter be desirous, and shall, by any 
writing, or by any person deputed by them, signify such their desire to the Bishop 
of London for the time being, that any preacher, or preachers, to be approved of by 
the said Bishop, may be sent unto them, for their instruction; that then such 
preacher or preachers shall and may reside within the said province, without any 
denial or molestation whatsoever." — Proud's Hist. Pa. 1. 186; Perry's Am. Epis. 
Ch. i. 224. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Oorrespondence from America. 

The Chiircli of New York City to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Feb. 25, 1681. Extracts in xxi. 228; also in Mints. Synod 
:NTorth Holland, 1682, Art. 11. 

Right Reverend, Highly Learned and Very Pious Gentlemen, the 
Brethren and Shepherds of the Flock of Jesus Christ in the 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

Very Reverend Sirs : — 

To the great sorrow of ourselves and our whole community we 
are obliged to send you a letter of grief, on account of the un- 


Y60 Ecclesiastical, Records 

timely death of our dear pastor, the blessed Domine Wilhelmus 
van I^ieuwenhujsen. After a tedious and languishing sickness, 
he fell asleep in the Lord on the I7th inst. (Feb. lY, 1681.) 
His loss is the more deplorable to us, because this large congre- 
gation, numbering about four hundred and fifty members, is sud- 
denly deprived of the usual service of the Word and Sacraments, 
and without the hope of having his place soon again supplied in 
this far away country, l^evertheless it is true and we must con- 
fess it, that our church justly deserves this bereavement on ac- 
count of all our ingratitude, lack of zeal, and presumptuous sins. 
We are, however, not without hope; and we have the desire, to 
repair this grievous loss which we have suffered, by true repent- 
ance, forsaking our provoking sins, and leading a better life. We 
pray the all-merciful Grod to help us so to do. 

Under God's gracious blessing it therefore becomes us and 
our congregation to arrange the necessary means to that end. 
Therefore we, the undersigned Consistory of the Dutch Reformed 
Church in this city (ISTew York), in conjunction mth the former 
elders of the same, hereby authorize another call from Holland, 
to be made as quickly as possible, of an orthodox minister, or- 
dained according to the Ecclesiastical Rules of the United ISi^eth- 
erlands. We promise him, in behalf of our congregation, the 
same salary, which was formerly promised and paid to his prede- 
cessor, the blessed Domine van Nieuwenhuysen, namely, one thou- 
sand guilders per year, Holland currency, or its equivalent here, 
according to the agreement made vnth. the late Domine van I^ieu- 
wenhuysen on July 31, 1672. A copy of this is herewith enclosed. 
Besides this, we give free fire-wood and house-rent. To this 
is added an additional stipend when his Reverence officiates also 
on Wednesdays. By virtue of the authority given us, we have 
considered it our duty, under God, to address ourselves to your 
Rev. Body, and also to our well known and faithful friends, 
Domine Selyns, and the Messrs. Gillis van Hoornbeeck and Cor- 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yokk. 761 

nelius van Riijven, to whom also we have ^vi*itten in detail, our 
deplorable condition. 

We earnestly and respectfully request your Rev. Body, which 
has kindly promised ever to turn a compassionate eye for our 
welfare, upon this church in a distant foreign land, to serve again 
our sorrowful congregation, seeking also the advice of our above 
mentioned friends. We want you to assist us Avith your ever- 
ready help and good counsel, and to send us as soon as possible, 
a minister, pious and faithful, learned and sound in doctrine, 
and of a blameless life. We must confess that the renovsmed 
knowledge and wisdom, the constant zeal and indefatigable labor, 
both in teaching and catechising of our late blessed Domine van 
ISTieuwenhuysen, can never be praised enough. We have there- 
fore the more reason to sorrow over his loss. But we know that 
divine chastisements are not a matter of chance. Therefore we 
will not murmur about our loss, but rather labor to fill his place 
again. We remember Domine Henricus Selyns. His faithful 
services, his pious life, his peculiar zeal, his amiable conversa- 
tion, his pleasing and ready speech, left a deep impression upon 
many hearts. If his Reverence were inclined to come over again, 
this would be very agreeable to our congregation. 

But in case no inducements can persuade him thereto, then 
we earnestly request that our church may be speedily provided 
with another minister. We want one pious in life, sound in doc- 
trine, to take charge of our congregation. He is to watch for 
the Lord; to take the office of the ministry upon him for this 
community with all its duties; to promote the honor of God, and 
the improvement of the Holy Service, unto the salvation of our 
souls. To accomplish this, we, the undersigned, bind ourselves, 
in the name and on behalf of our congregation, to pay the salary 
above named, the same as was promptly paid to Domine van ISTieu- 
wenhuysen until the day of his death. We are also now trying 
to raise one year's extra salary for his widow. To this a majority 


762 • Ecclesiastical Records 

of the congregation have already subscribed, and they ^\dll pay 
the same. 

We refer, for further information about the condition of the 

church here, to the enclosed letter of Rev. Caspar van Zuuren. 

During the illness of our late minister, he preached for us 

once a fortnight, on Wednesdays, and this he hopes to continue 

to do. 

We close with our christian greetings. Commending you to 
the protection of the Most High, we remain, Right Reverend 

Your obedient servants, The Elders and Deacons of the Re- 
formed Christian Church of l^ew York. 

Gerrit van Tright. Peter Jacobz Marius. 

Peter Bayard. Coenraat ten Eyck. 

Jacob Teunisen Raay. Peter Stoutenburg. 

John van Bnigh. 
, Former elders called in, 

I Olof Stevens Cortlandt. 

ISTicholas Bayard. 
Isevj York, 1680/1 
Peb. 25th. 

Difficulties Between Dom. Schaets and His Congregation. 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany, April 1st, 1681. 
This Extraordinary Court is held at the request of the Elders and Deacons of the 
Reformed Church here, who apply to the Gentlemen and request their assistance 
inasmuch as the head of their Consistory Dom. Gideon Schaets refuses to visit them 
for the purposes of holding religious meetings in the Church, the usual appointed 
place by the Consistory — Having undertaken to speak to the Domine of the trouble 
which he caused some of the members, in direct opposition to the office of a 
Teacher, especially at this conjuncture of Time when the Lord's Supper was so 
near at hand; after the Consistory had done its duty and part to the utmost on the 
29 March last, and not knowing but it had accomplished everything, and every mat- 
ter of difference had been settled for the time (having been admonished in the 
temper of Love and Christian duty) Anneke his daughter consenting willingly to 
absent herself the next time from the Holy Table of the Lord on her father's 
proposal, and as it was her duty, so as to prevent as much as possible all scandals 
in Christ's flock; as it is evident we have done our utmost in sending for the afore- 
said Domine to visit us to-day, which he hath wholly refused. We therefore request 
that their worships will please send for the said Domine and ask him if all matters 
of difference etc., were not arranged at the last Consistorial meeting on 29 March 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 763 

last and wherefore does he now rip up new differences and offences contrary to his 
duty and office. 

Whereupon their Worships sent William Parker the Court Messenger to request 
him to come to Court; who answered that the Consistory had sent him; whereunto 
the Bode said, The Court sent for your Reverence not the Consistory. He replied — 
He would not come. 

The Bode is sent a second time to tell him that he must instantly appear before 
the Court. He answered, he would not appear before the Court, though they would 
dismiss him. 

The Bode, sent for the third time, found him not at home but his daughter 
Anneke said, I'll go and ask him; and having asked him said, Mine Father will not 
come; they may do what they please, for the Magistrates are wishing to make me 
out a W . 

The Bode being sent the fourth time reports as before. 

Whereupon Is Resolved, to send the constable Jacob Sanders with a special 
Warrant after him, to bring him here before the Court. 

Who having visited the house and being unable to find him the constable then 
asked his daughter, Anneke Schaets, where her father was? She answered — 
Know you not what Cain said? Is he his Brother's keeper? Am I my father's 
keeper? Whereupon the constable told her that she should let him bring him. To 
which she answered, she had nobody for him to bring, and had she a dog, she 
should not allow him to be used by the Magistrates for such a service. The 
Magistrates had their own Bode. 

The Constable having been sent for the second time spoke to Domlne Schaets at 
Hend: Cuyler's house, who gave for answer that he should not go before the Court 
if the Consistory were there; but if the Consistory was not present, he would 
appear before the Court. 

Whereupon the W. Court considering the great Inconvenience his suspension 
should cause the Congregation have through condescension sent him word that the 
Magistrates only will speak to him without the Consistory. 

(N. B. His suspension was written out and read to faim.^ 

At last, Domine Schaets appeared in Court and he is asked why he, wno should 
afford a good example to others, hath shown contempt to his Court by refusing on 
their reiterated summons, to appear before them; demanding Satisfaction 

Whereupon it appears at first that Dom. was much dissatisnea ana aemanded his 
demission from their worships; but at last considering his committed offence, he 
excused himself and requested exceedingly that he should be forgiven, and not 
eeverely dealt by, and hereafter nothing should be laid to his charge, promising to 
obey, for the future, his lawful superiors, requesting that all be reconciled — which 
was done. 

Further all matters and disputes between him and his Consistory, — Mr. David 
Schuyler, Mr. DIrck Wessels, Elders; Wouter Albertse van den Uthoff and Gert. 
Lansing, Deacons; were arranged In love and friendship In presence of the Court 
aforesaid; Domine Schaets admitting he was under a misconception. 


On the 9th of June 1681, Anneke Schaets, wife of Tho. Davidtse Kekebel, is. 
sent to her husband at New York, by order and pursuant to letters from the Com- 
mander in Chief with a letter of recommendation; but as she was so headstrong 
and would not depart without the Sheriff and Constable's interference, her dis- 
obedience was annexed to the letter. 

•T89I 'G ^inr '^uBQiv 

Anneke Schaets who was sent to New York by their Worships on the 9th of June 
last pursuant to letters and orders from the Commander in Chief Captain Antho. 
Brockholes is come back here in the same Sloop, and brings the following recom- 
mendation — which is in terms. 


764 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

New York, June ye 27th, 1681. 

Gentlemen — Wee have thought fit to acquaint you that Tomas Davis and his 
wife Annelje Sehaets are suffered to goe up for Albany in order to settle their 
affairs there. Wee Recommend you to endeavour a Reconciliation between them 
if Possible otherwise if Parties desire it, deside their differences by Law, having 
due regard to their Jointure or heuwelyx foorwaerde, which is all at present from 

Your loveing fifriend, 

Antho. Brockholes. 

Extraordinary Court holden In 
^ Albany, July 29th, A. Dom. 1681. 

Tho. Davidtse promises to conduct himself well and honorably towards his wife 
Anneke Sehaets; to love and never to neglect her but faithfully and properly to 
maintain and support her with her children according to his means, hereby making 
null and void all questions that have occurred and transpired between them both, 
never to repeat them, but are entirely reconciled; and for better assurance of his 
real Intention and good resolution to observe the same, he requests that two good 
men be named to oversee his conduct at New York towards his said wife, being 
entirely disposed and inclined to live honorably and well with her as a Christian 
man ought, subjecting himself willingly to the rule and censure of the said men. 
On the other hand his wife Anneke Sehaets p'romises also to conduct herself 
quietly and well and to accompany him to New York with her children and prop- 
erty here, not to leave him any more but to serve and help him and with him to 
share the sweets and sours as becomes a Christian spouse; Requesting that all 
differences which had ever existed between them both may be hereby quashed and 
brought no more to light or cast up, as she on her side is heartily disposed to. 

Their Worship, of the Court Recommend parties on both sides to observe strictly 
their Reconciliation now made, and the gentlemen at New York will be informed 
that the matter is so farr arranged. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 533, 584. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Call of Eev. Weeksteen. 

1681, May Sth. 

The Rev. Deputati ad res Maritimas represented that through 
the death of Rev. Laurentiiis Van Gaasbeeck, the churches in 
Esopus, situated in jSTew l^etherland, had become vacant and that 
another minister was desired, and requested in his place. They 
promised to provide him with a free dwelling house and 600 
bushels of wheat, yearly, for his support. The Rev. Classis took 
this under further consideration, and resolved to proceed without 
delay to the making of a nomination. They put forward, to this 
end, Rev. John Weeksteen, candidate at Haerlem, and Rev. Peter 
Pavo, who formerly served as chaplain in the country's navy. 

Of these two persons there was elected and called, unani- 
mously. Rev. John Weeksteen. He was informed of this call, 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoke. 765 

and was content with, the same, so that the final examination was 
instituted. He was examined on the several articles of the 
Christian Religion, and did so acquit himself that this Rev. As- 
sembly did gladlv lay hands npon him, and ordain him to the 
ministry of the churches in Esopus. vii. 298 ; xix. 20^. 

Rev. "Weeksteen, Candidate. 

1681, May 5th. 
Rev. John Weeksteen, S. S. Theologiae Candidatus, at present 
Latin Schoolmaster at Haerlem, exhibited good testimonials, and 
asked to be received among the " Recommended " for the churches 
in foreign lands, particularly those in i!s^ew Xetherland. This 
was gTanted him, after he had previously given a proof of his 
gifts to the satisfaction of this Assembly. He also signed the 
usual formulae of Concord, vii. 297; xix. 201. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. The Classis of 
Amsterdam to the church of Kingston, Hurley and Marble- 
town. June 2, 1681. xxvii. 145-7. 

Reverend, Godly, and Dearly-Beloved Brethren: — 

Yours of ]Srovember 22, 1680, together with the messages 
therein contained, we have safely received. You make mention 
therein of a former letter, which has not yet come to hand. "We 
learn, however, with gTief, from the present letter, of the un- 
timely death of your worthy pastor, Rev. Laurentius Yan Gaes- 
beeck, who was so recently sent over from the Fatherland. He 
might yet, apparently, had it so pleased the Lord of life and 
death, according to his years and powers, have seiwed God's pur- 
poses for a long time in your church, We lament your misfor- 
tune, and express our sympathy at your inconveniertice. "We 
hope and trust that the Great God will heal the wound which 
he has made, by sending you another in place of him who has 


766 Ecclesiastical Records 

We learn -witli gladness of tke flourishing condition and growth 
of your church. Yfe take special pleasure in your pious zeal 
and cautious manner of procedure, in seeking to provide your 
church with another capable minister, and that as soon as pos- 
sible. Of this, your present request to us assures us. 

There is indeed great necessity for the service of a minister 
among you. The lack of one causes the people to become de- 
moralized, knowledge is diminished, and zeal abates. TTe have 
devoted thought to the business, and have looked about for suit- 
able material, to whom the feeding of the flock among you might 
be entrusted; one concerning whose piety of life and soundness 
of doctrine, we might have full assurance. We have also sought 
for one who might be able to preach in the English language, 
but we have not met mth success in this particular. We have, 
however, fixed upon John Weecksteen, Y. D. M. C, who has 
resided at Haerlem. Mention was made of him in the letter to 
the Rev. Classis, by the widow of Rev. Van Gaesbeeck. 

This individual is inclined to go as pastor to the churches in 
your parts. He has accordingly presented to the Rev. Classis 
of Amsterdam both his Classical and Ecclesiastical testimonials. 
These were found in order. He then gave evidence of his preach- 
ing gifts, and upon further consideration of his case by the Rev. 
Classis, he was called as pastor for the church of Esopus. After 
passing his examination, he was ordained to the Holy Ministry 
by the imposition of hands. 

We have spoken with him of the remuneration which you 
promise a pastor. According to your letter, we judge that this is 
the same which your former pastor received. You sent us a 
special copy of these conditions, and although in your action, you 
make no mention of free fuel, of which, however, you speak in 
your letter, we judge that this reniaiued in your pen. On these 
conditions then, he has accepted the call in the fear of the Lord. 

The Rev. Classis could not meet, however, to fulfill your re- 
quest, without incurring some necessary expenses. Yet we have 

OF THE State of jSTew Yoek. Y67 


in this matter sought the greatest economy for the church. The 
expenses incurred on that occasion are only one hundred guild- 
ers at twenty stivers apiece, Dutch currency. This amount would 
have been much larger, had we not been obliged at the same 
time to arrange for a pastor to the East Indies. 

And inasmuch as no one had orders, at least to our knowledge, 
to meet these necessaiy expenses, we requested the same from 
skipper Jacob Mauritz. He agreed to pay them, and has so done. 
Also, inasmuch as your preceding pastor was favored mth funds 
which you transmitted for his removal, and other necessary out- 
lays; we thought it equitable that the same amount be granted to 
this pastor for a similar purpose. This we did because you offer 
to deal with him in all respects as with his predecessor. This 
sum is seventy five Dutch guilders, which skipper Jacob IVEauritz 
has advanced him, as appears by the receipt. 

Meantime we hope and wish that this call which we have made, 
may have the desired effect, and that your pious and devout aim 
in this matter may be accomplished. 

We request you to receive the pastor whom you have called 
with all joy, and hold him in honor for his works' sake. May 
there exist and ever continue, between the pastor and consistory 
and people, an honorable and sincere harmony, with peace and 
friendship. To this, wo trust Rev. Weecksteen will contribute 
his share, and may the church oontribute hers. 

"We pray the Lord of the harvest that it may please him to 
enlighten your pastor more and more by his spirit, and bless his 
ministrations, by strengthening his hands, and enabling him to 
walk in his ministry successfully. May all this be done to the 
magnifying of his Holy ISTame, and the extension of Christ's King- 
dom. Moreover, we tender you our services in all things in which 
you may need them. Wishing God's rich blessing upon your 
church, yourselves and your families, we remain, with our re- 
spects. Dearly Beloved Brethren, 


Y68 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Your obedient and affectionate Friends and Brethren, 

The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. In their name, the Deputati 

ad res Transmarinas, 

Zegerus Van Son, Dep. p. t. Praeses. 

Eudolphus Rulaens, Dep. p. t. Soriba. 

Pet. Wolfius Ducher, Dep. 

Thos. Caenen, Dep. 

2nd June, 1681 

Correspondence from America. 

The Magistrates of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 

7, 1681. 

Albany, in the Province of j^ew York, formerly Port Orange in 
'New N'etherland, the 7th June, 1681. 

Reverend, Pious and Highly-Learned, the Classis of Amster- 
dam : — Grace, mercy and peace be with you from God the 
Father, and Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior. Amen. 

Having now an opportunity by a ship bound directly for Am- 
sterdam, we feel it our duty to inform you of the great necessity 
which exists in this congregation for another good and orthodox 
minister. Our present Domine, Gideon Schaats will explain mat- 
ters to you more fully in his axjoompanying letter. He has be- 
come infirm and is very weak, being a man now seventy three 
years old. He could no longer conceal his infirmities from his 
congregation. Accordingly on Feb. 6th last, he preached a ser- 
mon, bearing upon his condition, from 2 Peter 1:12-15 " ...... 

I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you 
up by putting you in remembrance, knowing that shortly I must 

put off this my tabernacle ". He felt that he must 

not only care for his flock during his life, but make some pro- 
vision for it after his death. He unites with the consistory in 
requesting that all possible endeavors be made to obtain a good 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke. 769 


and ortliodox minister for this congregation. The consistory 
have therefore addressed themselves to ns, considering it their 
duty to further this good work -with all earnestness. They ask 
us to use our influence to obtain for them a good and orthodox 
minister for this congregation, exemplary in doctrine and life; 
one who would labor for the edification and increase of the church 
of G-od in this place, and for the salvation of souls. Thiij we 
especially desire, because God has planted a flourishing congre- 
gation here, which would soon languish, without the preaching of 
the Word of Grod, if our minister should die. 

After a due consideration of these things, we resolved to seek 
to obtain, as soon as possible, another good and sound teacher. 
The congregation was conferred with, and they cordially united 
in this good work, and voluntarily contributed to its success. 
Knowing the general wish, we made application to our Com- 
mander-in-Chief, because his Excellency, our Governor, is at 
present in England, and he approved of the same. 

We therefore humbly request the Rev. Classis to- send us, as 
quickly as possible, such a minister as we have described ; one elo- 
quent for this congregation, and whose arrival we will impatiently 
await. We have remitted to Richard Van Rensselaer, John Hen- 
drick Van Boel, and Abild Wolff the necessary funds, to pay 
for his passage and other expenses. We have also fixed his sal- 
ary at eight hundred guilders, in beavers, besides house rent; 
we also do this without diminishing the salary of our old Domine, 
who has now served this congregation more than twenty nine 
years. We engage ourselves to these things in the name of, and 
on behalf of our congregation. We would also observe that the 
coming of such a minister here as we have described, is not only 
for the t^'rm of five or six years, but durantiae vitae. Indeed, 
this country is now deprived of nearly all its ministers. God 
Almighty has sorely afflicted us in the taking off of Domine van 
JSTieuwenhuysen of I^^ew York, and Domiae van Gaasbeeck of 
Esopus. Only Domine van Suyringh (van Zuuren) of Elatbush, 


TYO Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

and Teeschenmaker of South River, besides our Domine Sohaats, 
remain — a small number of laborers for so large a harvest. 

We have communicated all this to Domine van. Suyringh (van 
Zuuren), who can give some additional information to the Classis 
about our congregation. Therefore we doubt not but that the 
Classis will take pity on us in this our emergency, and see that 
a proper person shall be sent over, who will feed our congrega- 
tion, consisting already of four hundred members, so that this 
number may soon be doubled; and this can easily be done even in 
such a wilderness as Albany, in America, Trusting that the Rev. 
Classis will take this into consideration, we commend your Rev- 
erences to the protection of the Most High, and remain, 
Your Reverences' obedient servants. 

The Ma^strates of Albany in the Colony of 
Rensselaerswyck, etc. 

Martin Gerisen, (Gertsen). 
Cornelius van Duyck, 
Dirck Wessels, 
Jan Jansen Bleecker. 
By order of the same, 

Robert Livingston, Secretary. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev, Gideon Schaats to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 9 (or 

July) 1681. 

The Peace of Christ : 

Rev. Brethren, the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: — 

Inasmuch as I am beginning to feel the infirmities of age, hxLV- 
ing reached seventy three years, it seemed proper to me that I 
should recommend my congregation, to look about in time, and 
provide a Colleague to assist me in my old age ; lest such a flourish- 
ing congregation, in case of my death, should remain vacant too 
long. For this purpose I recently took for my text 2 Peter 1 :12- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 771 

15; " I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to 

stir you up by putting you in remembrance, knowing that shortly 

I must put off this my tabernacle ". The brethren heartily 

accepted of the suggestion, and a meeting was soon held to con- 
sider the matter, and we informed the magistrates about it. They 
also agreed to the proposition, and brought the subject before the 
whole community. All were favorably inclined to it, and author- 
ized their Honors to call another preacher. This they have al- 
ready done, and have also requested me to write at the same time 
to the Rev. Brethren, and to urge them to look for such a Colleague, 
one exemplary in doctrine and life. They place full confidence in 
the judgment of your Reverences. I cannot write much about the 
conditions, except to say, that at present it is not as it was for- 
merly, either here or in foreign lands. Preachers are no longer 
engaged for a term of years, but for life, and with the promise o£ 
receiving the same salary in their old age, which is an important 
consideration in a foreign land. I entrust this whole matter to 
your Rev. Body. I commend you to God and the Word of his 

Gideon Schaats, Minister at Albany. 
July 9, 1681, 
'New Albany. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Caspar van Zuuren to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 25, 
1681. Extract, xxi. 231-2; also in Mints, of Synod North 
Holland, 1682, Art. 11. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned and Prudent Gentlemen and 
Fathers in Christ: — 

A curious occurrence, which happened to me lately, compels me 
again to take my pen in hand and send the present letter to your 
Reverences. Before I arrived, a difference had arisen here be- 
tween my predecessor's widow (Mrs. Polhemus) and one of her 
neighbors about some land and its boundaries. After my arrival 



Y72 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

this quarrel continued with vigor, notwithstanding the judges have 
given several decisions concerning it. Several surveyors, called 
in by the parties, did not succeed in removing the difficulties but 
rather increased them ; because they did not agree as to the proper 
understanding of the matter nor as to the measurements, and they 
gave different opinions, whereby the truth was the more obscured 
and the feelings on either side were the more excited. 

It happened last winter, that the elders of Midwout came to 
speak with me about some matters relating to the Holy Supper. 
They said among other things, that the widow Polhemus did not 
intend to come to God's table this time, because she had been 
injured by every one. I answered that she ought to know how her 
case stood, and should be conscientiously persuaded of the fair- 
ness and justice of the matter. Otherwise she could not continue 
to assert her claims without wTonging her neighbors or her own 
family. As far as I am concerned, I could not see, that she was 
in the right; but I would not judge her, either in her business or 
in her conscience ; but I advised her to be temperate and modest ; 
for a good cause could be defended badly, and thereby made bad 
or at least suspicious, while good causes should be accomplished 
in a good way, etc. The land had just then been surveyed by a 
surveyor, who placed her in the wrong. But in the spring another 
surveyor belonging to another place, vindicated her claim ; but he 
■was a Socinian, a man of bad reputation and distrusted generally 
an his profession. She now sent me word by the same elders, of 
ivhom one is her remaining son, that she would take part in the 
Lord's Supper with her children, because her case was decided in 
her favor, and the other side had their mouth stopped. I then 
used the same arguments as before, proposing all churchly means 
and remedies to remove the quarrel; but I considered that my 
visit to the widow and her family, which my elders had requested 
me to make, could not bear any special fruits, unless the other side 
was also present. 

Meanwhile, I was informed from another quarter, that I was 

OF THE State of jSTew Yoke. 773 


her antagonist. The elders had not allowed this to be told me 
before. A little later I was told by an elder, and also by a former 
elder, in the widow's name, that I must come to reconcile myself 
with her and her children, as otherwise she would enter a com- 
plaint against me before those (ministers and elders) of ISTew 
York. This appeared very strange to me. I found out after- 
wards, however, that my elders had misrepresented my position, as 
well as my intentions and my words. I therefore replied that I 
would come; but advised and warned the widow not to begin a 
quarrel with me. I used very earnest expressions, conscious of 
my innocence, and understanding all the consequences of the case. 

After I had performed my duties in Breuckelen, preparatory to 
the Holy Communion, I went there with a deacon. She said that 
he also was her antagonist ; but I had been warned, as before, that 
I must be on my guard. I found on my arrival that there were 
present the before mentioned surveyor, some one else from I^ew 
York, and also our schoolmaster. After some common conversa- 
tion, I was spoken to by the widow on the subject which she had 
taken up against me, but she wearied me. I then requested that 
the three men present should leave the room, or that we should 
go into another room. She still very seriously declared that she 
would not undertake anything against me. Thereupon I was most 
irreverently and slanderously abused by the schoolmaster, and still 
worse by her eldest son. I therefore left them not without very 
great astonishment at their conduct. And then wicked and slan- 
derous rumors were reported of this meeting. I was accused by 
great and small, by English and Dutch, by the Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor of the land as well as by the Rev. Consistory of !N"ew York^ 
of having said that she did not fairly own the land, and that I 
had therefore made out her late husband a thief, and her children 
rogues. After this had lasted a few weeks, it was finally settled 
by the Rev. Consistories of the two churches, ISTew York and Long 
Island, who imposed upon the slanderers a recantation [ T^ahvwdia ] . 

And even the schoolm.aster's son, who was not the first slanderer, 

774 Ecclesiastical. Kecokds 

and what he did was not altogether his own fault, for he is a 
person given to drink and jesting, to abuse and squabbling — but 
even he, in my judgement, ought not to be passed over; especially, 
because he was one who had been already censured by us for the 
occurrences before related ; and although he had been forbidden to 
ring the bell, or read the scriptures (as voorleser) at Midwout, 
when the congregation of that place go to Brooklyn to communion, 
yet to spite me, he rang the bell several times, on such occasions, 
even before I removed to Brooklyn, and also read the scriptures 
(as voorleser) contrary to all custom and order. 

I therefore called together our consistory, and as is usual here, 
invited the Magistrates to meet with them. After I had explained 
to them all these misdemeanors of the schoolmaster, and of others, 
they all declared that they had long wished for some opportunity 
to discharge this schoolmaster, and this statement was verified 
by others, and his discharge was now effected. But we were all, 
then, and especially myself, immediately abused, with irreverent 
words and cursings and threats. 

It is impossible to tell, in this short account, all that this fellow 
has done since, to have this decision nullified, and to defame us and 
all preachers. During the last six weeks he has, without regard to 
time or place, occasion or the presence of others, and even before 
the very judges themselves, abused and slandered us. He usually 
asserted that I was a false-witness, a tale-bearer, a rogue, a villain 
of villains, a scoundrel of scoundrels, and even threatened me with 
personal injury. On acccount of all this, I petitioned the Magis- 
trates, who had signed the sentence, the Justice of the Peace, the 
High Council and even the Governor, that this evil-doer should 
be punished ; but all my efforts have not even resulted that our de- 
cision — that he should remove from the school-house before the 
first of May — could be carried out. 

All this increased my troubles and added to the scandal, which 
has hardly had its equal. Some Englishmen and their adherents, 
among them the party before alluded to, who have been brought 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 775 

into the quarrel by the schoolmaster, encouraged him, and so jus- 
tice miscarries, while the very maintenance of our religious ser- 
vices, and even our liberty, suffered. At last, no other way being 
opened, I recommended my case and honor to the Rev. Consistories 
of all our Dutch villages. At their meeting on the 31st of May, 
O. S. they first reaffirmed our decision, and then acquitted me of 
all charges. Later on, three of their number were appointed and 
authorized to consult about the case with some (of the elders ?) 
of ISTew York, and to vindicate our freedom (rights) before the 
judges, before whom they first cited us, and then, we, him. It is 
quite incredible and impossible that such great audacity would 
be exhibited by a man, unless others of no better character, but of 
better position, supported him. First I had a difficulty about the 
value of the money in which I was paid; now my honor is in 
danger. I have even reason to fear that if these passions are not 
bridled, I shall ultimately run the risk of my life. I am too 
straightforward for this place, and too much respected by many. 
These things some people do not like. These have caused my 
present, and as some think also my former difficulties. If it were 
not for the condition of my wife, who is in the last month before 
child-bearing; the embarrassment of the congregation at ISTew 
York, and others in the neighborhood whose pulpits I have to 
supply, besides my own ; I would have come home with the vessel 
bearing this letter ; for I cannot see of what service I can be here ; 
or if I continue my work how I am to remain in peace. 

Finally I must tell how far these matters have been carried. 
The term of the court having arrived, and the parties to the suit 
being present, the New Yorkers judged it advisable, not to let the 
difficulty come before the Justice of the Peace. They feared an 
encroachment on the liberty of our exercising our religious ser- 
vices (from the English). Therefore they made an agreement 
with said schoolmaster, that henceforth he should keep still, and 
be satisfied with what they of New York should arrange in refer- 
ence to this matter. Our commissioners agreed to this, and a bond 


YY6 Ecclesiastical Records 

of fifty pounds sterling was given. I can only inform you in my 
next letter what these ISTew York people determine in this diffi- , 
culty, and what propositions they make. Among them are two 
elders for us ; one ex-elder and a member of the Council, but both 
our very good friends, are for the schoolmaster. 

(The following is a marginal note in the original.) 

ship gives me an opportunity to inform you herewith of the re- 
sult, namely : the said arbitrators have decided, that he, the school- 
master should remain deposed from his duties and be obliged to 
retract his slanders and to reestablish my honor, which was done 
before them by word of mouth with a promise not to do it again 
under a bond of fifty pounds. I see the following in this judge- 
ment: 1. We are held in the same esteem, as this scoundrel, and 
our clerical resolutions are subordinate to the decisions of some 
individual members of other congregations: 2. Our church will 
never be free from English politics, etc. Therefore I most humbly 
request, that your Reverences will please to consider this, and 
guard our cause and liberty. Such things may happen to me 
again, even in censuring an ordinary member, etc. Midwout, 

25th of June, O. Style 1681. 

All this clearly proves the condition in which our churches find 
themselves under the English government, and it is better to be 
silent, than to speak much about it. But these things sometimes 
make me long all the more for the Eatherland. Besides these 
troubles, my duties now are also much harder because of the va- 
cancy at 'New York. I preach and baptize there once a fortnight, 
and administer the Communion once every three months. I have 
likewise been requested to administer the Communion for the 
congregation on Staten Island and also at Bergen with the places 
depending thereon. I have now the care of about one thousand 
members in my own and in the said congregations, all distant from 
each other. In closing I commend myself to the favor of your 
Reverences and earnestly beg of you to think of me in connection 

OF THE State of ]^ew York. Y77 

with, our churches (at home) and call me in due time to a better 
and more quiet place. I pray God, to protect you in his goodness; 
to bless your meetings and determinations for the welfare of the 
church, and to make it independent of the great ones of the earth. 
Herewith I remain. Reverend, Pious Gentlemen and Fathers, 
Your Reverences humble and very obedient 
servant and colleague, 

Casparus Van Zuuren, 

Preacher on Long Island, America. 

Postscript, of the same date. xxi. 232. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Prudent Fathers in Jesu8 

Christ : — ■ 

After I had closed my special letter to your Reverences (of this 
same date,) another circumstance of a more pleasant nature oc- 
curred, than what I reported in said letter, and I feel compelled 
to send the following additional lines to your Rev. Assembly. 

Rev. Domine Gideon Schaats, minister of the congregation of 
Jesus Christ at New Albany, formerly Fort Orange, having ar- 
rived at a great age, and having served in that congregation, to 
the praise of God for about thirty years, is constantly becoming 
weaker and unable to bear the burden. Accordingly the over- 
seers of that congregation, taking into consideration the age of 
their minister and his consequent weakness, as well as the good 
of their congregation, having its welfare at heart, have deliberated 
together and resolved humbly to ask your Reverences for an as- 
sistant minister. You have fully learned from former letters, as 
to the condition of this country and of the congregations here. 
At present, during the vacancies at New York and at the Esopus, 
which we hope your Reverences favor will soon fill, there are 
only three preachers in this whole province of New York or New 
Netherland. One is at the North, Domine Schaats; one in the 
South, Domine Tesschenmaker, and I in the middle part between 
them. We have not only to take care of the respective congrega- 


778 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

tions, to whicli we have been called, and whicli are our special 
charges, but also of all the neighboring ones. Domine Schaats 
still serves the congregation of Schoonechtedi, (Schenectady), and 
also during the vacancy, that of the Esopus. Domine Tesschen- 
inaker has likewise some neighboring hamlets besides iSTew Castle, 
his headquarters, and must also occasionally preach at other places. 

As far as I am concerned, I have reported in my special letter, 
what troubles, besides the usual ones, I have to bear at present. 
Your Reverences will therefore agree with us, that the harvest 
is great and abundant, but the laborers are few. One thing is 
very desirable, and that is that this country should be governed 
either by the Dutch, or by the English in a Dutch manner. I 
say this in reference to public worship and its maintenance. There 
are many congregations, scattered here and there in villages and 
hamlets, which are too weak to support a minister, and sustain 
public worship, yet they would like to have the means of grace — 
the Word and the Sacraments. Some are now obliged to come 
from a great distance to have their children baptized, or to par- 
take themselves of the Holy Communion. If the present govern- 
ment of this country would be pleased to furnish the means for 
maintaining religious services according to the laudable custom of 
the Dutch, East and West, it seems to me, relief could be easily 
obtained. At present the duties of ministers in this country are 
very burdensome, because they are so few in number, and all the 
people, especially those who are scattered in small hamlets along 
the rivers and creeks, cannot be ministered to as they desire. This 
causes among many a condition of great rudeness, and a marked 
negligence in the use of the Sacraments by their children as well 
as by themselves. 

Eor this reason I approve of the plan of the people of New 
Albany as good and praiseworthy. It will not only make it easier 
for the old minister, especially in reference to all outside duties; 
but also because when he dies, although this may first happen to 
the younger, the congregation will still remain provided with a 

OF THE State of Xew York. 779 

good shepherd, to show them the way to Christ's sheepfold, and 
to go in and out before them. Thns they seek to avoid the incon- 
veniences and embarrassment which the ISTew York congregation 
now finds itself in. We therefore can only approve of their plans, 
and join in their request, humbly asking your Reverences in their 
name, to choose and send over for them a proper person. We 
likewise beseech you, for the love of Christ and his Church, to 
take this matter quickly to heart. It is an honor to our nationality, 
here in this country, that in the matter of religious services we 
far excel the English. They have but few ministers. Some of 
these are Independents ; others Episcopalians ; yet few of the right 
kind. Even the Capital, ISTew York, has no English minister or 
chaplain, and very few ever partake of the Lord's Supper, Avhen 
they have a minister. Therefore religion which is the solid founda- 
tion of all government, is on a better footing among the Dutch; 
although even they have their failings and abuses, and neither are 
they small. It will be a matter of great joy to us, when Almighty 
God, the Chief Shepherd, shall be pleased to fulfill the requests 
of the now vacant and praying congregations, and send to us as 
many more laborers, as there are here already. For this we make 
supplication in our prayers ; and we also request your Eeverences, 
as his instruments appointed for that purpose, to pay attention 
to the wish and the hungry desire of these bleating sheep, and 
especially to extend your favor to those of whom we have spoken. 
The Lieutenant Governor, Anthony Brockholst, the Governor 
himself being absent, has confirmed this request, by his approba- 
tion. The congregation has collected an abundant sum to pay 
for the traveling expenses of the expected minister, and has re- 
mitted it to Messrs. Eichard van Rensselaer, Jan Hendrick van 
Baal, and Abel de Wolf, merchants at Amsterdam. They can also 
give your Rev. Assembly full information concerning the condi- 
tion of said congregation (at Albany). The salary is to be eight 
hundred guilders in beavers, which, as I understand it, is one 
hundred beavers,' each piece (beaver skin) beiug vrorth about eight 

Y80 Ecclesiastical Records 

guilders. iN'eitlier will tliis lessen tlie salary of tlie old minister, 
who has one hundred and twenty five beavers. We hope, although 
there is not as great a number of candidates as formerly, that this 
church and others of our ISTew Netherland churches may be pro- 
vided with orthodox, eloquent and upright men, such as the con- 
gregations desire. We add our request to theirs, and pray your 
Reverences that, pursuant to your accustomed fatherly care, al- 
ready so often shown to the Dutch congregations in this country, 
you will please to consider what we have again submitted in this 
regard, that the believing and unanimous expectations of our souls 
may soon be joyfully realized. We leave the rest to your Christian 
love and prudence, while we pray God Almighty to bless your per- 
sons and your families, your services and your councils with his 
gracious favor, to the building up of his church and the salvation 
of all you and yours. Let it so be. Wherewith I remain. Rev- 
erend and Prudent Gentlemen, 

Your Reverences humble and obedient servant, 
Casparus van Zuuren, Minister. 
25th of June, O. S. 1681. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of ISTew York to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 
29, 1681. Extract in Mints. Synod North Holland, 1682, 
Art. 11. 

Very Reverend, Learned and Pious Gentlemen: — 

The enclosure is a copy of our last letters (Eeb. 25, 1681), one 
sent by way of Maryland, the other by way of Boston, to which 
we refer. We only add our earnest prayer, that, in case the de- 
sired call has not been made before the receipt of this letter, that 
it be not delayed any longer, and that the candidate may hasten 
on his way. We have no more to say at present, except, with our 

OF THE State of ITew York. 781 

Balutations, to commend your Reverences to tlie care of the Al- 
mighty. We remain, 

Very Reverend Gentlemen, Your 
Reverences humble servants, the 
Elders and Deacons of the Re- 
formed Christian Church at 
'New York. In their name, 

Pieter Jacobsen Marius, Elder. 
New York, 29th of June, Anno 1681. 

Acts of Classis of Amsterdam. 

Request of the People of ISTew York. Death of Xieuwenhuysen ; 
Desire for Selyns to return. (Title in English.) 

1681, July 21st. 

A certain letter was read, from !N"ew ISTetherland, from the 
church in New York, dated Feb. 25, 1681, stating that Rev. Wil- 
liam Nieuwenhuysen, late minister there, had fallen asleep in 
the Lord. They requested another good minister in his place, and 
would very gladly see that the Rev. Domine Henricus Selyns, at 
present minister at Waverveen, might be sent to them, if he could 
be induced thereunto. Whereupon the Rev. Classis resolved to 
refer the said matter to Rev. Deputati ad res Maritimas to con- 
fer more particularly with Rev. Selyns, to offer him this call, and 
to make preparations to discuss the entire subject more fully at 
the next Classis. vii. 308 ; xix. 203. 

Acts of the Deputies. 
Letter from New York. 

1681, July 23rd. 

Stood within Rev. Henricus Selyns, Mr. Gillis van Hoornbeecq 
and Mr. Cornelius van Ruyven. They announced the decease of 
Rev. Nieuwenhuysen minister at New York, as well as the re- 

Y82 Ecclesiastical Records 

quest of the said congregation to be provided anew with, another 
capable minister in the place of the one deceased. For this pur- 
pose they hand in a letter from the said church, xxi. 228. 

Synod of ISTokth HoLEAz^fD, at Haarlem. 

1681, Aug. 7 et seq. 

Art. 11. Extracts from the letters from ISTew i^Tetherland. 

Extracts from a letter from Eev. Casparus van Suren (Zuuren), 
written at Midwout on Long Island, in America, December 10, 

He tells of the effect which the letters of the Deputati had had 
upon him; that he had intended to return to Patria, on account 
of the well-known unpleasantnesses in his church; but that he 
had now changed his mind on account of their letter. 

He wishes that his congregation had likewise given due heed 
to the advice of Rev. Deputati; but he hopes that this business 
will arrange itself also in its due time; for the congregation is 
keeping its promises, on the strength of which he was called, in 
a better manner; it has also made some new promises to him in 
reference to the time which has already elapsed. He shows the 
inconveniences attending the work in the place where he is, by 
several instances, and wishes that the love between him and his 
people, might be strengthened. He thanks the Deputati for the 
advice given, and ends with salutations. 

Extract from a letter written in the name of the ministers of the 
Reformed Dutch Church in I^ew j^etherland ; written at New 
York, but without date. Signed by the Revs. ISTieuwenhuysen 
and Van Zuren. (1680?) 

They show how agreeable it was, to learn of the pleasure which 
the Rev. Classis took, in their appointment of Rev. Tesschen- 
maker as minister on the South River, (New Amstel, Delaware.) 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 783 

They thank the Rev. Classis for their good disposition towards 
the churches of ISTev/ I^etherland, and express their desire to 
continue their correspondence with us. They speak of the good 
order maintained by them in their ecclesiastical government and 
v/orship, being the same as that used in the Fatherland; yet they 
add, that on account of the English who are now in power there, 
and whose Church-Order differs very greatly from ours, they must 
temporarily make some alterations in minor matters ; neverthe- 
less only in such wise, that when the reason, which compels them 
to do so, has been removed, they can again proceed on the old foot- 
ing. They indicate in what manner the ministers in that land 
keep up intercourse with each other, namely by letters ; inasmuch 
as, on account of the great distances between the different locali- 
ties, meetings from month to month are impossible. They tell of 
the state of the churches, the increase and number of members, 
being now about fifteen hundred ; although the places of residence 
of the Christians are often at the distance of several hours (three 
miles an hour) from the place of service. They tell how the 
churches, which have no ministers, get along with readers ; how 
they desire the aid of the civil power for the support of their 
churches, but for which they see little chance under their present 
(English) government; how they desire of God that they may 
only keep what they have. They conclude with salutations. 

Extract from a letter from the ministers and elders of the Dutch 
Church on Long Island. (Dec. 10, 1680.) 

They make known that the letter of the Rev. Deputati has had 
the effect of settling amicably the well known unpleasantnesses ; 
they indicate what was the cause of their mutual differences; they 
thank the brethren for their trouble, and request continuance of 
their good care over them ; they give an account of the state of 
their congregation, of the number of their members, and in con- 
sequence, of the necessity for the labors of another minister in 


784 Ecclesiastical Records 

this chiircli. They declare their disposition towards a good cor- 
respondence with the Rev. Classis, and conclude with salutations. 

Extract from a letter written in the name of the church of Esopus, 
in ISTew York, jSTovember 22, 1680, signed by John (William?) 
ITieuwenhuysen, Casp. van Zuren, Wessel ten Broek, John Mat- 
thysen, Wilhelmus de Myer, John de Hoge. 

They make known the death of their minister. Rev. Lawrence 
van Gaasbeek, and request that another minister may be sent to 
them. They mention the number of their members, and the in- 
crease of their congregation, and make known what terms the 
minister sent thither shall enjoy; whereof an instrument, from 
the delegates of that congregation, was enclosed. They make men- 
tion of their petition to the Governor (Andros) ; also the apostille 
to their petition, both sent to us; but leaves to the judgment of 
the Classis, what is said therein about English preachers. They 
request that the minister may be sent to them with the same skip- 
per who brought over the letter, with whom they have arranged 
about the passage. They conclude with salutations. 

Was read a letter from the Commissioners of Schenectady, in 
New ]^etherland, addressed to John Henry van Balen and Abel 
de Wolff, and dated December 31, (1680), and signed by four 
of their number and by the secretary. In this they ask that the 
Classis of Amsterdam will see to it that their church be provided 
with a minister, and, if possible, before the winter ; that they will 
give the minister a salary of the value of one hundred beavers, 
in wheat, and a free dwelling. They state why they did not 
themselves write to Rev. Classis, and conclude with salutations. 

Were sent this year as ministers to the Indies and to New 
Netherland : 

To Esopus, in New Netherland: Rev. John Weeksteen, (old 
minister) ? and Master of the Latin School 

OF THE State of New York. Y85 

Art. 28. Tlie Labadists and Coelman. 

• Ad Art. 27. Speaking of the Labadists and particularly Coel- 
man: It appears from several reports that these are gradually- 
losing ground in our home churches. Coelman, indeed, shows 
himself here and there, but with very little following. The 
Classes agree to continue to be watchful against him. Only the 
Correspondents of Gelderland have (reported ?) asked that Coel- 
man had preached at Bommel. Against his efforts, a resolution 
was passed in South Holland; and also the Deputati ad corre- 
spondentias, together with the corresponding Synod, were ex- 
horted to be on the watch against his preaching. 

Acts of Classis of Amsterdam. 

New York, 1681, Sept. 1st. 

Rev. Deputati ad eccles. extranas, make known to the Rev. As- 
sembly that they had conferred with Reverend Domine Selyns 
touching the vacant church of New York; that they had offered 
him the call to the church there, in accordance with the inclination 
and desire of that church, and the resolution of the Rev. Classis ; 
and that he had been pleased to take this offered call into consid- 
eration, as the importance thereof requires, but that he had not 
yet declared his intentions regarding it. Whereupon, Rev. Selyns, 
who was present at the session, was heard, and his well grounded 
objections understood. Besides, no further word had come over 
from New Netherland, and from the vacant church there. The 
Rev. Assembly therefore resolved to leave the case in statu for 
the present, and postponed further consideration of it to the next 
session, vii. 310; xix. 203. 

New York, 1681, Sept. 2nd. 

Mr. Cornelius van Ruyven made known to this session, that up 

to date, no further word had come from New York, although 

news is now expected. He presented for our consideration whether 

it would not be advisable to postpone the matter of the call for 




786 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

the present. This, for weighty reasons, the session approved. 
He agreed, as soon as he receiA^es any word, to inform the session 
thereof, xxi. 229. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of Kings County, Long Island, to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, Sept. 15, (0. S.) 1681. 

Very Reverend, Prudent, and Very Learned Gentlemen and Col- 
leagues in Jesus Christ: The Deputies of the Kev. Classis 
of Amsterdam for the Trans-Atlantic Churches : — 

We have learned with satisfaction and pleasure, that our letter 
of the 10th of December of last year was received and favorably 
considered by your Eev. Assembly. We hope, with your Rever- 
ences, that the same favor will be shown to it by the Rev. Classis. 
Since our last letter, nothing unusual has happened here in our 
congregation of Long Island, except what occurred with tlie de- 
posed reader, of which the minister spoke in a preceding letter, 
written in June. It must be added that since that time this slan- 
derous fellow has broken the agreement made with him about his 
scoldings, and has incurred a penalty of fifty pounds sterling; thai: 
our Lieutenant-Governor has also had him imprisoned for his 
overbearing behavior. From this he was released after a few 
days under a bond of fifty pounds more for good behavior. I can 
only report in my next what may take place hereafter — whether 
he will proceed against us before the Judge. 

Everything else is in passable condition. The number of mem- 
bers, the regular attendants on God's word, and the love for the 
minister, are all of such a character that we have reason to thank 
the Almighty for his favor. There are however also some im- 
proprieties among us as well as elsewhere, which we must try 
to correct by the Word, and by strict supervision and example; 
for the Gospel is a fish net, which catches both good and bad. 
On account of the vacancy at New York, caused by the untimely 

OF THE State of 'Nts,w Yoek. YST 


death of Domine van ISTieuwenliuysen, wliich undoubtedly your . 
Reverences have been already informed of, our preacher is bur- 
dened with the service of that congregation, besides that of the 
others on Staten Island and at Bergen. We trust that the supply- 
ing of that place, (New York) will be so much taken to heart 
by your Reverences and by the Classis, that our hopes for said 
congregation may be realized before winter. We expect to re- 
ceive on that occasion, what your Reverences have further to 
reply to our letters. Meanwhile we heartily thank you for the 
care which you have so far bestowed upon our church, and she 
requests that you will please to continue in your favorable dis- 
position towards us. Relying thereon and with our dutiful re- 
spects, asking God's blessing on your Reverences, your services, 
deliberations, families, etc., we remain. Reverend Gentlemen, 

Your Reverences obliged, obedient and humble 
servants, friends and brothers, 

The members of the Consistory in the 

Congregation on Long Island. 
In their name, and by their order, 
Casparus van Zuuren, 
Midwoud, 15th of Sept. O. S. 1681. Minister there. 

Acts of Classis of Amsterdam. 

1681, Oct. 6th. 
Inasmuch as no further information up to the present had 
been received from ISTew ISTetherland regarding the vacant church 
in New York, the subject was left in statu, and the further treat- 
ment again postponed, vii. 312; xix. 203. 

788 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


Correspondence from America. 

The Commissioners of Sclienectady to the Classis of Amsterdam^ 
October 21, 1681. To the Reverend Domines Sogers van Son, 
Rudolph Rulins, etc., Deputati ad res etc., belonging to the 
Classis of Amsterdam: 

Schaenhechtade, 21st Oct. 1681. 

Reverend Gentlemien of the Classis of Amsterdam : — 

The letter of your Reverences, dated the 2nd of June, this year 
(1681), duly reached us this summer and we thereby learned of 
your pious care for us, and your further advice that we should 
serve God in the best possible manner. We thank you for your 
care and above all for your advice as to our duty in reference to 
the importance of securing a minister. We have always had a 
reader (voorleser) so that our village has never been entirely des- 
titute of the exercises of Christian instruction. 

We have also learned, that our letters came to your hands some- 
what late, but that was not our fault, as the Governor-General 
• detained them for about a year. 

But this has all passed by now, and the letters have been re- 
addressed to your Reverences. We request further that this mat- 
ter (of securing us a minister) would be more fully discussed 
and taken to heart by you according to your promises. On the 
other hand, we have given orders to Mr. Abel de Wolf, a merchant 
in Amsterdam, to furnish all necessary funds. Closing herewith, 
we commend your Reverences to the gracious protection of God 
Almighty, and remain, 

Your Reverences Affectionate and willing friends, 
The Commissioners of Schaenhechtade, 
Jan van Eps, 
Sander Glen, 
Reyer Jacobse, 
By their order, Ludovicus Cobes, Sec. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. Y89 

Correspondence from. America. 

Rev. Johannes Weecksteen to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 
27, (N. S. 'Nor. 7), 1681. To the Reverend, Pious, Very 
Learned and Prudent Gentlemen, Domine Zegerus van Son, 
Domine Rudolphus Rulaeus, Domine JST. Penkovius, V. D. 
M., at Amsterdam. 

Reverend Brethren in Christ Jesns : — 

Your special favor and friendship, shown to us in the call to 
the ministerial office in these parts, has put u& under such obliga- 
tion to you, that only the grossest ingratitude could make us 
neglect the first opportunity, to inform you of our arrival, and 
in very good health. We were received here in such a manner that 
nothing at all was wanting. Imagine, if you can, the most re- 
markable friendship which is showm to us daily by our beloved 
congregation. We find ourselves in a country, where everybody 
but the utterly discontented, can obtain his every desire — a land 
flowing with milk and honey. Here, everything that can be wished 
for in the Fatherland, can be obtained. We shall always consider 
ourselves obliged to you for your favor, and will prove our grati- 
tude by effectual acknowledgements. We commend your Rever- 
ences and your services to Almighty God. May he long keep you 
in health unto the extension of the kingdom of Jesus Christ with 
all its blessings. I remain, 

Pious, Prudent and Wise Gentlemen, Brethren in Christ Jesus, 
Your obliged brother, 

Johannes Weecksteen, 

Eccl. at the Esopus. 
In America, 

Kingston, in the Esopus 
Anno 1681, 27 October, O. S. 
7 ITovember, :N'. S. 


790 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Rev. Caspar van Zuuren to the Glassis of Amsterdam, Oct. 30 
(O. S.) 1681. To the Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Pru- 
dent and Wise Gentlemen of the Classis of Amsterdam, at the 
hands of Rev. Domine Zegerus van Zon, Chairman of the Depu- 
ties for Maritime Affairs, and Faithful Servant of Jesus Christ 
in his congregation at Amsterdam. 

From IsTew I^etherland by skipper Jacob 
Mauritz of the Ship " Bever *', which 
may God safely guide. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Prudent Gentlemen and Fathers 
in Jesus Christ : — 

Although I have already informed your Reverences of the con- 
dition of our churches in this province, by my former letters of 
June (25, 1681) and September (15), yet I cannot let the present 
opportunity pass. This is partly because the voyages of ships 
are uncertain, and it is, therefore, advisable to write the same 
things twice; and partly, because I want further to explain some 
special points, touched on before. They relate mainly to what has 
happened to me in connection with the removal of the school- 
master at Midwoud. He denied some things and perverted others. 
He also sought his own advantage in the ignorance of our elders 
at Midwoud. He picked up a quarrel with them and summoned 
us all before the civil Justices of the Peace. 

Knowing the importance of the case as well as the character of 
this fellow, I quickly called a meeting of the Consistory of our 
villages, and laid this case before them, and left it in their hands. 
They first took testimony concerning his removal. They then 
deputed three men, of whom two were of their own number, to 
appear before the Court and to defend our side of the case, which 
had now become of general concern. They also resolved to re- 
quest some of the iSTew York Consistory to come over and assist 
us. The day of the sessions having arrived, and the parties ap- 
pearing, some of our people fearing the partisanship of the judges. 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 791 


advised arbitration. This was agreed to, and the settlement was 
referred to the judgment of some prominent New Yorkers, who 
had come to defend our case. A settlement was arranged for, by 
a bond of fifty pounds sterling (from the schoolmaster). The 
terms of the decision were chiefly, that the schoolmaster's re- 
moval was justifiable. Some expressions, however, with some 
points of the decision, at first astonished me. I could not admit, 
that private members of another congregation had the right either 
to close our mouths or bind our hands, in censuring unruly mem- 
bers of our congregation. But soon after I learned from them, 
that they did not mean to interfere in these matters. 

Finally my amazement was superseded by something new. 
This was that the late schoolmaster had again, on a certain occa- 
sion, begun his usual scoldings and behaved worse than ever. 
He now attacked certain other decent people, indeed all who had 
taken my part, calling them rogues. Certifications of these facts 
were procured, and occurrences were then reported first to the 
arbitrators, and by them to the Deputy Governor. They all de- 
cided that he had broken the bond and forfeited the above fine. 
He was summoned before the Governor, when, however, he was 
obstinate, denied everything, gave the lie, etc., in our presence. 
He was accordingly sent to prison. Here he remained about eight 
days, when a certain man from our villages, but not of our re- 
ligion, became security for his good behavior and appearance be- 
fore the Court, when wanted, to give reasons for all his scurrilous 
speeches, etc. I believe this last bond too, was under a penalty of 
fifty pounds, as I reported in my former letters. I have my 
fears as to how it will go on the day of trial, which is to be in the 
middle of December next. The case is not in danger so long as 
the proceedings are conducted lawfully, and sufficient zeal on our 
part is shown. But the judges are quite antagonistic to us; and 
the people who are of no religion, or of another religion, are to 
pass sentence upon ministerial censures, pronounced by us on 
one who is subject to us. Will the liberty of our church remain ? 

792 Ecclesiastical Records 


I can well understand, that tlie case itself, which has no connection 
with English law, cannot serve, (be executed) before the forfeited 
sum has been paid by the transgressor. But the man accuses me 
of the rupture; because I have not allowed him to come to com- 
munion; and because I have submitted the stipulated peace to 
arbitrators and not maintained (my official position?) That is 
his argument. He takes that to refer to the clerical peace, as 
stated above. It all depends on the interpretation of the judges. 
Three out of five of these he has on his side. It is his intention 
and his boast, that he will make me appear in person, to answer 
his accusations. Many people of our own and other villages se- 
cretly support him, while they show a friendly face to me. The 
majority are faint hearted as to exhibiting any zeal for maintain- 
ing their own liberty. It is especially dangerous for a pious man, 
who seeks to keep good his conscience, to have anything to do with 
a rogue, who has no conscience; with one who endeavors to injure 
another, any kind of lying tales being used in his defence. It is 
far easier to stain another's reputation, than to wipe away the 
stain, without leaving some trace of it. 

Wherever I perform divine service, and during the vacancy I 
take charge also at New York, I am fairly well received, and 
acceptable to the people. As long as the Gospel goes along har- 
moniously with worldly interests, everybody seems to be a great 
friend. When, however, any troubles, persecutions or oppressions 
occur, then the very thoughts of the heart are revealed. This one 
openly takes the side of the enemy, while another wants to serve 
two masters. Very few remain faithful adherents of God and 
truth, giving up and hating what is contrary thereto. The same 
may be seen in this case of mine. We have some people of the 
first kind, (who take the side of the enemy), but they are very 
few. There are many of the second kind (who try to serve two 
masters) ; but of the third kind, (faithful adherents of God) the 
number is very small. The Spanish adherents were once the ruin 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 793 


of the l^etherlands. Here it is the English Party (lit. the Angli- 
cized people) who destroy our I*Tew Netherland. 

Meanwhile I have the burden and care of all these churches on 
my shoulders, until your Reverences send a minister for ISTew 
York. We all long very much for him. I find myself therefore 
compelled, again to address your Rev. Body, and humbly to be- 
seech you to be pleased as quickly as possible to provide a minis- 
ter for us, so that neither the liberty of our churches, nor the 
honor of the service may suffer injury. I expect in due time to 
furnish such testimonials of myself, my services and my manner 
of life, as will please and satisfy your Rev. Body and all pious 
people. These will fully explain the cause of the difficulties, and 
the truth of what I have reported concerning them in several let- 
ters. I repeat my request, that you would please to defend our 
interests against the evilly disposed, either by writing serious let- 
ters to the Consistories of those places interested in the quarrel, 
or by giving counsel where your Reverences may deem it proper ; 
or finally, by recalling me to the Fatherland and sending another 
in my place ; for it seems, that so long as turbulent and factious 
people remain here, neither I myseK nor the church can have 
rest. But I shall take care (not) to prescribe how you are to 
settle these matters : I know that it becomes me to receive orders 
from your Reverences. I esteem the wisdom and prudence of 
your Reverences so highly, that any suggestions from me are quite 
unnecessary. It is my humble request however, that I may per- 
form my duties with love and joy; and if this is not possible here, 
as indeed, seems to be the case, that I may then perform them 
in the Fatherland. I hope you will consent to this, but how it is 
to be accomplished, I leave it to your discretion, and your affec- 
tion for us. 

I still remember how I was appointed by your Rev. Assembly 
to the service in this congregation ; how some of your members, 
to encourage me to accept this call, said to me, that I might try 
it for three or four years, and if it did not please me, I could 

Y94 Ecclesiastical Records 


then return home. Tour Reverences will have learned from my 
letters, repeatedly sent, how I have liked it during these four years 
and a half which I have been here in the service of this congrega- 
tion. I know it is not advisable to return home without being 
sure of a call in the Fatherland, especially for people who have 
not much means, as is generally the case with those who go to 
foreign countries. Yet it was not so much poverty, as the bad 
disposition of certain ones, who ought rather to have sought my 
promotion, which drove me out of the country. I^ecessity also 
may become so strong, that without being able to wait for a call 
from the Fatherland, I may find myself obliged to come home 
with my wife and two small children. We will hope for better 
things, although I have reason to fear the worst. 

To remain is also not without danger. If I should become dis- 
abled, or have to lay down my head, I cannot tell what would 
happen. The first has not yet occurred in this country ; the other 
has indeed occurred, but the praiseworthy example of other 
churches has not been followed here. The widows here are treated 
to a half year's salary or if they are fortunate, to a whole year's 
salary, as, I believe, the people at New York and the Esopus have 
done ; but of a further annuity of one hundred or one hundred and 
fifty guilders they know nothing about here. At the very least, 
things should be done here as in the Fatherland. The duties here 
are much harder, and the salary somewhat smaller; we also have 
to live under English rule, and have no security, in cases like 
the above; and we cannot expect improvement except from the 
decision of those from whom we have no appeal, etc. These and 
similar facts will not easily induce any one to come here, or to 
remain long after he has come, if he has any chance to make a 
living elsewhere. I will not now refer to the fact that here one 
is dependent on the congregation, and is paid by John Everybody, 
even by those who do not belong to the church. One cannot well 
express how much trouble is caused by the disinclination of some, 

OF THE State of 'Nhw York. Y95 

and the tardiness of others. But enough has been said of such 
things in former letters. 

I cannot jet tell how well satisfied Domine Weeksteen is at the 
Esopus, not having yet received any letter from him. The com- 
mittee which came to meet him in ISTew York, could not at first 
a^ree to pay the Classical expenses. Thev made some lame ex- 
cuses, but were finally induced to promise that said expenses 
should be paid to the skipper by subscription. If the sequel is 
not better than the beginning, then Domine Weeksteen will fare 
no better than I have done. There has also been some trouble be- 
tween Domine Tesschenmaker and his congregation on the South 
Eiver about the salary, as to its kind and value ; but I believe the 
matter will be amicably settled by the good advice of the brethren. 
I expect news of this daily. As to other matters in our churches 
here, things go on tolerably well. The number of members stead- 
ily increases. We have (on Long Island) about three hundred 
and sixty; in New York about five hundred; at Bergen, about 
one hundred and ten; on Staten Island, about fifty. All these 
at present are under my charge. In Esopus, I think there are 
about two hundred; at ITew Albany three hundred and seventy- 
five; at Schoonechtede one hundred; so that we have here alto- 
gether about seventeen hundred members, Dutch and French. 
May God increase them not only in numbers, but also in virtue, 
etc. For this we pray; and also that he would bless your Kev. 
Assembly, your persons, deliberations, services and families, with 
his rich grace, that the glory and the kingdom of our great God 
and Savior may be increasingly promoted. 

Reverend, Pious and Prudent Gentlemen, 

Your Reverences humble and obliged Servant and Brother, 
Casparus van Zuuren, 
Midwoud, Minister on Long Island, etc. 

30th of October, 
O. S. 1681. 



796 Ecclesiastical Records 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of Kingston to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 31, 
168L (Extract in Mints. Syn. ^orth Holland; 1652, Art. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned, Prudent and Wise Gentlemen, 
Fathers and Brethren in Christ : — 

Your letter of the 2nd of July 1681 was duly received by us, 
and with it came also the minister whom you had called here, 
Domine Johannes Weeksteen. We thank your Reverences for your 
fatherly care in calling said minister. We are very much pleased 
with his doctrine and life. After his arrival he was for some 
time weak and ill, but he is now again in tolerably good health. 
We pray for him, and wish long life to our shepherd, because 
without a pastor the sheep may go astray. We shall in everything 
act according to the recommendations of your Reverences, being 
also confident that our minister will do the same. Closing here- 
with, w^e remain with cordial and submissive respects, and wishes 
for God's blessing upon your Rev. Assembly and its delibera- 
tions, npon yonr services, persons and families. 

Your Reverences willing, obliged and humble 
friends, servants and brethren in Christ, 

Wessel (or Stoffel ?) ten Broeck, 

Jan Elting, 

Jacop Gertsen (or ISTicholas Korssen) 

W. D. Meyer. 
Kingstowne, in the 
Esopus, the 31st of 
October, 1681. 

OF THE State of ITew Yokk. 797 

Contract Between the Commissioners of the Dutch Church 
AT jSTew York and Henry Selyns, as Minister There. 

1681, Dec. 10. 
This day, December 10, 1681, before me, Jacob Lansman — a 
public notary, admitted by the courts of Holland, residing at 
Amsterdam, and in tbe presence of the witness herein after named 
— appeared Messrs. Gillis Van Hoornbeck and Cornelius Van 
Euyven, on the one side; being requested and empowered by the 
Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church of the city of 'New 
York, through special letters of February 25th, June 29th and 
September 17th 1681, in consequence of the death of William 
Van jSTieuwenhuysen, their late minister, to procure from Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, an orthodox teacher, called according to the 
Church-Order of the United jSTetherlands ; and especially to ob- 
tain, the Reverend, pious and learned Mr. Henry Selyns, at pres- 
ent preacher at Waverveen and Waveren, in the Classis of Am- 
sterdam; who by his former faithful service there (in America) 
produced very deep impressions on the minds of the said congre- 
gation — and the said Mr. Henry Selyns, on the other side ; and 
these two parties declared, after various interviews and transac- 
tions, that they had agreed upon the following terms, which, at 
the proper time are to be communicated to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, to wit: 

1. That the party of the second part, shall receive for his Sun- 
day services in the Church at New York, a yearly salary of one 
thousand Carolus guilders, Holland money, or the equivalent of 
the same, in quarterly payments, according to the custom of this 
Hollandish Province. 

2. That the said salary shall begin, according to the letters of 
June 19 and Sept. 17, 1681, with the sailing of the party to the 
second part from his place (Costi) ; that is, with his departure 
from Holland. 

3. Meanwhile — although the letters say that they (the New 


T98 Ecclesiastical Records 


York Consistory) paid promptly (the salary of the former minis- 
ter) up to the day of Domine JSTieuwenhuysen's death, which is 
a proof of their custom in this respect — the party of the second 
part relies on the custom of our Netherlandish Classical churches, 
that the widow of a minister shall receive the full salary of the 
quarter in which her husband died, together with the salary of 
the entire half year following. This cannot he a matter of doubt 
on either side, since the purpose is to call a minister according 
to the Church-Order of the ISTetherlandish churches. 

4. Provided also, that the party of the second part shall also 
have free transportation for himself, his family and his goods, 
without paying duty on his books and household goods, if such 
duty must be paid; and further, shall have a house free of rent 
and fire-wood, as these things should be. 

5. As to the preaching on Wednesdays in New York, and twice 
a year in the villages of Bergen and Harlem, it is thought best 
to leave that matter, since no compensation is specified, to be here- 
after adjusted by his Reverence with the respective Consistories 
of the said city and villages. 

6. And since the wife of the said party of the second part, 
would, on his death, (in the Netherlands), according to the custom 
of the country, receive the ordinary widows pension of one hun- 
dred guilders per year, the party of the second part and his wife 
cannot agree to give up this Hollandish provision for widows, un- 
less it be arranged that his widow, whoever she may be, shall re- 
ceive, once for all, a payment of one thousand Carolus guilders, 
whether he dies on the way, or after his arrival there (in America) 
— to be paid within a year after his death. 

7. And inasmuch as the breaking up here of the party of the 
second part must be attended with great damage and loss, the 
sum of one hundred silver ducats (about $100.) is claimed by 
him ; and to this the party of the first part agrees ; fifty ducats to 
be paid here, and the rest is promised on the approval of the Con- 
sistory ; not doubting of the fitness and justice of all this, or that 

OF THE State of New York. , 799 

it will be acceptable to the Consistory and the entire congregation 
at !New York, because of their sincere regard to his person and 

8. Thereupon the party of the second part, being asked by the 
party of the first part by virtue of their Commission, has promised 
and does promise, on the approval of all this by the Classis of 
Amsterdam, to accept the same, (this call and contract), accord- 
ing to the Church-Order of the United ISTetherlands, and to repair 
thither (to New York) by the first fitting opportunity in the com- 
ing spring. He avers that, putting flesh and blood aside, he is 
moved by no other reasons so much as by his love for the said 
congregation and a sincere desire for the extension of Gospel truth 
in those remote Provinces. All this is thus concluded, without 
artifice or craft, in the said city of Amsterdam, in the presence 
of Abram Van Gargel and Thomas Breda, as witness^es. Quod 

J. Lansman, Notary Public, 1682. 

Subsequent Approval of the above Contract and Articles in 

New York. 

We, the undersigned, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed 
Christian Dutch Congregation in the City of New York, together 
with the former Elders of the same, who by a special act of Feb- 
ruary 21, 1680-1 (1681) were empowered to send for a minister, 
hereby certify and declare that We, with previous consent of all 
the members whom we have advertised of the business, are en- 
tirely satisfied with the above contract and call, made by our 
Commissioners, the Messrs. Gillis Van Hoornbeck and Cornells 
Van Ruyven, with Domine Henry Selyns, and confirmed before 
the Notary, J. Lansman, and certain witnesses, under date of De- 
cember 10, 1681, at Amsterdam, in Holland. Accordingly, we, 
the undersigned, for ourselves and as representatives of the con- 
gregation, praise and approve the foregoing Contract and Act of 
Call with all the contents, clauses and points thereof. We hereby 



Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

promise tlie esteemed Domine Henry Selyns and liis widow, who- 
ever she may be, to give the same full effect, as rightfully bound 

In testimony thereof, signed in New York, IsTovember 15, 1682. 

Cornelius Steenwyck ] 

Stephen van Cortlandt 
Boele Eoelofszen 
Mcholas Bayard J 

!- Elders. 

Conraedt Ten Eyck ] ^^^^ 
Joh. Van Brug 
Peter J. Marius 


Thomas Laurenszen 
Johannes Kerfbyl 
Peter de la ISToy 
Jan Herbendinck j 

Alof Stephens Cortlandt J 

I' Deacons. 

Jacob Leydsler ] 
Jacob de Key I Former 
Ger. Van Tricht j Deacons. 
Jan Der Val J 

Eng. Translation, Lib. A. 28-31. 

" The Ekame of Government " of Pennsylvania. 


Extract as to Peliffion. 

" That all persons living in the province who confess and 
acknowledge the one Almighty and Eternal God to be the Creator, 
Upholder and Euler of the World, and that hold themselves 
obliged in conscience to live peaceably and justly in civil society, 
shall in no way be molested or prejudiced for their religious per- 
suasion or practise in matters of faith and worship, nor shall they 
be compelled at any time to frequent or maintain any religious 
worship, place or ministry whatsoever. 

OF THE State of ^ew Yoek. 801 

J. Churchill's Report to the Commissioners, Concerning 
Revenue op the Duke of York, Under Andross's Govern- 

1682, Jan. 

Fines to be employed toward building a church. 

" That several fines which were imposed on several persons 
and ought to come to his Royal Highness were directed to be em- 
ployed towards the building of a Church, and that Sir Edmund 
Andross had 200 li in his hands, and Mr. Antill said he heard 
the Governor owned that he had about 200 li thereof". But the 
Governor declared that the Mayor and Aldermen had the benefit 
of the fines, that he never received a penny of them, but the town 
treasurer received them from the Sheriff. — Col. Docs. N". Y. iii. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. ISTew York. 

1682, Feb. 16th. 
Stood within Mr. Cornelius van Ruyven. He handed in a let- 
ter from the church of iSTew York. Therein was enclosed a copy 
of their former letter, already read in our session on July 23, 1681. 
To this they now make reference, and request, that if the desired 
call had not yet been made out before the arrival of this letter, 
that such call should by all means be attended to as speedily as 
possible. This was signed at New York, June 29, 1681, in the 
name of the elders and deacons of the Reformed Church of ]S[ew 

York by Jacobes, Elder. And whereas the people 

of N'ew York indicate, in their said letter, their inclination to- 
wards Rev. Henricus Selyns, at present minister at Waverveen; 
and that he had already let the invitation have so much effect upon 
him, that he had agreed to take counsel about it with God, and 
with good friends ; and inasmuch as Rev. Selyns, has been fur- 
ther heard upon this subject, and has expressed himself in such 


802 Ecclesiastical Records 


a way; the Rev. Assembly has deemed it unnecessary to look 
about for another minister for the said congregation. It is ex- 
pected that the said Rev. Selyns, when the whole case comes be- 
fore the Classis, will declare himself more completely in refer- 
ence to going to that church. This was announced to Mr. Corne- 
lius van Ruyven. xxi. 216, 217. 

Acts of the Deputies. ISTew Albany. 

1682, Feb. 16th. 

A letter was received from the Magistrates of I^ew Albany^ 
formerly Fort Orange of a similar nature, dated June 7, 1681. 
In this they ask that there may be sent to them a good, orthodox 
pastor, sound in doctrine, pious of life, to take charge of the work 
there, in connection with Rev. Gideon Schaats. He on account of 
his age, which is now seventy three years, is feeble, and unable 
to carry longer the burden of that congregation. He is called 
on a certain salary, together with a free dwelling. They would 
like to have an understanding with the minister who shall come 
over to them, that he should bind himself to remain with them 
all his life. 

To the same end, serves the enclosed letter from Rev. Gideon 
Schaats, minister at Xew Albany. It is of the same contents as 
that of the Magistrates. It makes mention also of the period for 
which the church desires to have a minister, namely, not for a few 
years, as was wont to occur heretofore, but for his whole life. 
They then also promised that the salary shall continue during his 
whole life. This letter was dated June 9, 1681. xxi. 237, 238. 

Acts of Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Petrus Vas. 

1682, March 16th. 

Rev. Petrus (Vas,) van Gent, candidate of S. Theology, of 
whom (mention was made) in the Acta of Oct. 6th, 1681, repeated 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 803 

his previous request to be received as an expectant of the Kev. 
Classis, (but not for the churches of other lands). This was 
granted him after he had given proofs of his gifts with reasonable 
satisfaction; and he signed the usual formulae of Concord, vii. 

(See, another Peter Vas, of Esopus. They can hardly be the 
same individual.) 

Rev. Selyns to New York. 

1682, March 16th. 

Whereas the case of the church in ISTew York, of which men- 
tion was. made in the Acta of July 21st, and Sept. 1st, 1681, is 
now judged to be in a shape to be thoroughly considered, and to 
be brought to an end ; therefore the Reverend Domine Henricus 
Selyns, a worthy member of this Assembly, and to whom, accord- 
ing to the desire of the said vacant church, their call has been 
already offered through the Rev. Deputies, was requested to be 
pleased to declare himself more fully in regard to it. This he no 
longer withheld himself from doing, having had sufficient time to 
consider everything maturely. He accordingly made a frank, and 
not less pious declaration upon the subject. This was listened to 
with profound emotion, and the Rev. Assembly, by unanimous 
vote, added unto (toegevoegt) Rev. Domine Selyns, at present 
minister at Waverveen, a church and congregation at 'New York, 
and wished him the Lord's rich blessing in his approaching labors. 
The Rev. Deputati are further authorized to execute nomine 
Classis, what may belong to the dismission of his Reverence from 
his church at Waverveen. vii. 314: xix. 204. 


804 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

The Fort Orange. 

1682, Marcli 16th. 

The Rev. Brethren ad res Maritimas, made known to the As- 
sembly that they had received a letter from the church at Fort 
Orange (alias, ISTova Albania) stating that this chnrch would like 
to secure a second minister, in addition to their now aged, and 
Reverend minister, Rev, Schaats, thro the care (providence) of 
the Rev. Classis, inasmuch as Rev. Schaats was no longer able to 
conduct the services among them as they should be conducted, 
without assistance and aid. To this fair and Christian request 
the Assembly gladly acceded ; and also, especially, in order that 
the Christian believers at Schoonechstade (Schenectady) might 
also enjoy some ministrations from that second minister, until 
such time that they should be provided with a pastor of their 
own. But no one offered whose inclinations reached out thither. 
The business was therefore postponed to another session, and the 
Deputies ordered to look about for a fit person, vii. 314; xix. 204. 

An Act_ Concerning the Completing oe the Renting of the 
Minister's House. 

1682, March 29. 

At a meeting of the Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Chris- 
tian Cong-regation of this City of jSTew York, the undersigned, 
the former Elders and Deacons being present, the existing resolu- 
tion was presented by Domine Selyns, whereupon it was resolved, 
that on the first opportunity, there should be made, by the Elders 
on the one side and by the Deacons on the other, a contract of 
rent for the house which is built, according to which the Elders 
should be bound, in the name of the congregation to pay to the 
Deacons the sum of eight hundred guilders, provided that the 
Deacons retain the right, according to the existing resolution, to 
have a Deacons Chamber in the said house, and to use the same 
whenever occasion demands. And what remains to be done in the 

OF THE State of !N^ew Yoke. 



kitchen, in the cellar, and in the laying out of a bleaching ground, 
shall be completed by the Deacons as soon as the state of their 
treasury will permit. 

Actum, 'New York, March 29, 1682. 
Signed by, 

Henry Selyns, Minister.^ 

P. J. Marius 

J. Ker%l 

J. Van Brug { 

Jac. de Key J 

Is. Van Vleck 1 

P. de la Noj ! 

T. Laurenszen 

John Darvall 

John Harbending J 

!- Elders. 

Brant Schuyler 1 

Hend. Wessels Ten Broeck 
B. Bayard 
John Kip 

1- Deacons 

I Old 
\ Elders. 

IN". Bayard "] 

Step, van Cortlandt ! 
Pieter Stoutenberg )■ 
Cor. Ten Eyck j 

Boele Roelofszen J 


According to the original, 

Henry Selyns. 

Lib. A. 40. 

Acts of the Deputies. 


1682, March 31st. 

Arrangements were made to request the dismission of Rev. Hen- 
ricus Selyns, called to New York, from his church at Waverveen. 
Eor this are commissioned Rev. Ruleus and Rev. Peter Wolprig. 
To this Committee are intrusted the instrument of call, and the 
regular credentials, xxi. 238, 239. 

Rev. Selyns Dismissed from the Church of Waverveen, and 


1682, April 6th. 

Rev. Deputati ad res Maritimas reported to the Assembly in 
regard to their commission at "Waverveen. The dismission of 
Rev. Henricus Selyns from his church was effected by them, for 

806 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

which they were thanked. It was further resolved to send (give) 
along with Rev. Selyns^ (not only) his dismission from the Classis, 
but a letter to the Consistory of 'New York, in reply to theirs to 
this Rev. Classis. 

Gerbrand vande Cade, elder, and Roeland van Doorenstruyck, 
deacon, at Waverveen, requested that after the departure of Rev. 
Selyns, they might enjoy ministrations in their church, as per 
custom of the Rev. Classis with regard to vacant places. This 
was granted them. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Kingston, on Esopus (Creek.) 

A letter was read by Rev. Deput. ad res Maritimas from Kings- 
ton on the Esopus, dated Oct. 31st, 1681. In this the Rev. Classis 
is thanked for their trouble in calling Rev. Weeksteen as minister 
of said place. Whereupon the Deputies aforesaid were ordered to 
setod off a letter in reply, thither, vii. 318 ; xix. 206. 

Rev. Van Zueren. 

1682, April 6th. 

Again there was read by the said Deputies an extract from a 
letter from the Rev. Clasper (Caspar) van Zueren, minister on 
Long Island in New E"etherland, dated June 25th, 1681, (who had 
been) installed at Midwoud. In this he complains of great un- 
pleasantnesses and troubles, which are being caused him by his 
schoolmaster and others. He requested that Rev. Classis as op- 
portunity permitted, would have him in mind, in reference to a 
change of place. This was accepted, vii. 318 ; xix. 206. 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoke. 807 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the pastor, Eev. Gideon Schaats, 
of 'New Albany, April 6, 1682. xxvii. 150. 

Eev. Sir, and Colaborer in the service of the Lord : — 

Yours of June 9th, of last year (1681), has been transmitted 
to our Classis, and delivered to us in good order. We have learned 
with pleasure from both your letters, and that of your Magistrates, 
your holy interest in that Church of Christ, committed to your 
care and guidance now for so many years; (and that you desire a 
colleague), both to help you govern the church in your advanced 
age, and who shall be able, after your decease, to feed and nourish 
the same with the healthful words of life, the heavenly manna of 
Christ, to their further growth and sanctification. l^othing could 
have been more pleasant for us than to fulfill your desire as quickly 
as possible, and thus support your exhausted powers; but to our 
hearty sorrow, we are obliged to say that after all our efforts, we 
have not yet been able to find any one inclined, or capable of being 
induced, to undertake the journey, and go to your help. 

We shall, however, look about continually, and remember your 
church, and send some one over to you as soon as practicable. 
Meanwhile, we fervently beseech Him who gives courage and 
power, and increases strength to him who has no might, that it 
may please Him to be your rod and staff in your advanced age, 
and enable you, through the power of His Spirit, to declare His 
righteousness in the congregation. Therewith we commend you 
to God and the Word of His Grace. We remain. 
Rev. Sir and Colaborer, 

Your obedient servants and colaborers in Christ, 
Rudolphus Rulaeus, Dep. Clas. p.t. Prae^es. 
Gualtherus Bodaen, Dep. Clas. p.t. Scriba. 
Michael De Hertoghe, Dep. 
Apr. 6, 1682. 


808 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Magistrate of K"ew Albany, 

April 6, 1682. 

Honorable, Wise and Prudent Sirs: — 

Yours of June 7, 1681, came safely to hand. We have learned 
with joy therefrom the holy desire of the venerable Rev. Schaats, 
now worn out in the service of the Lord, to see the sheep com- 
mitted to him, transferred to the care of another faithful pastor 
and minister, even before his decease ; as also your true-hearted and 
wise concern, as Foster-fathers of the Church of Christ. 

We heartily wish that we were able to fulfill your desire, es- 
pecially also because other churches are destitute of ministers. 
We must say, however, with sorrow, that hitherto we have been 
unable to find or induce anyone to accept the work of the min- 
istry among you, and go over. 

However, we will not neglect to think constantly of your church, 
and will embrace every opportunity to satisfy your holy concern 
and care for the church as soon as possible. Meanwhile, we pray 
the Lord, the Chief Shepherd of the- sheep, that it may please Him 
to strengthen the aged sire and servant. Rev. G. Schaats, in his 
faculties, and to multiply his years, to the edification and prosper- 
ity of your church, and the salvation of many. Commending your 
Honorable persons to God and the Word of his Grace, we remain, 
with our respects, 

Honorable, Wise and Prudent Sirs, 

Your Honors' obedient servants in Christ, 

Rudolphus Rulaeus, Ecc. Amstel et Classis 

Deputat. p.t. Praeses. 
Gualtherus Bodaen, Ecc. Amstel Deputat. Scriba. 
Michael De Hertoghe, Deputat. 
Apr. 6, 1682. i 

OF THE State of j^ew York. 809 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the church of New York. April 
6, 1682. xxvii. 148. 

Eeverend, Godly, Prudent and Very Dear Brethren : — 

Yours of Feb. 25, 1680-1, together with a duplicate of the same, 
we have received in good order. We learn therefrom to our sor- 
row, of the untimely death of your worthy pastor, Eev. Wilhelmus 
Xieuwenhuysen, on the 17th of February, after a protracted sick- 
ness. We had indeed wished that the Lord would prolong his 
days, and spare him yet for many years in the service of his church. 
But since it has pleased the Divine Majesty to order otherwise, we 
are bound to submit cheerfully to His will. 

We mark with satisfaction your zeal to fill the vacant place 
with another suitable person as pastor. This is, indeed, the burden 
of your letter to us. You declare your desire that another orthodox 
and edifying minister may be sent to you as soon as possible, ac- 
cording to the Ecclesiastical Order of the United Netherlands; 
and that this may be done with the advice and counsel of your 
well-known and trusted friends, expressed in addition thereto. 

And inasmuch as the remembrance of Eev. Henricus Selyns, his 
faithful service and piety of life, his extraordinary zeal, lovely in- 
tercourse, as well as his pleasing and ready speech, has left deep 
impressions in the minds of many members ; therefore it is your 
wish that he may come over to you to fill the place of the deceased. 

In view of the inclination of your church towards Rev. Hen- 
ricus Selyns, the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, upon reflection, has 
presented your request to him, and sought to make your request 
palatable with many reasons. He therefore has permitted the 
matter to have so much weight with him, that he has pondered 
the subject for some time. He has, finally, out of a sincere in- 
terest in your church, declared himself in your behalf. Where- 
upon he received a call from the Classis of Amsterdam as pastor 


810 Ecclesiastical Records 

over the church of ISTew York. He has been dismissed from his 
church at Waverveen. He lias entered into agreement with your 
commissioners upon the conditions which you presented. 

We doubt not but that inasmuch as he comes over to you be- 
cause of his peculiar interest in you, so he will be received with 
similar affection. We pray the Lord of the Harvest to bless his 
labors among you, and that through his efforts, many souls may 
be won to Christ. 

We have advised him to undertake the journey as quickly as 
possible. Hence he does not wait for skipper Jacob Mauritz, but 
goes over with skipper John Gorter. 

In closing, with, our respects, we commend you, your services 
and churches, unto the gracious protection of God. We remain, 
Reverend, Godly, Prudent, and Very Dear Brethren, 

Your affectionate and obedient Friends and Brethren, 
The Deputati of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Rudolphus Rulaeus, Deputat. p.t. Praeses. 
Gualtherus Bodaen, Deputat. p.t. Scriba. 

Michael De Hertoghe, Dep. 
April 6, 1682. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the church of Kingstowne in the 
Ezopus, in ^ew I^etherland, April 6, 1682. xxvii. 147. 

Reverend, Godly, Very Dear and Pleasant Brethren in Christ : — 
Yours of October 31st 1681, was safely delivered to us. We joy- 
fully learn therefrom of the safe arrival of your pastor. Rev. John 
Weeksteen, and the pleasure you have in his doctrine and life. We 
doubt not but that he will always be found the same, so that you 
will ever have reason for satisfaction. We can assure you that 
he is fully satisfied, yea, beyond expectation, as respects the love 
and affection which he receives from his church. We trust and 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 811 


desire that the mutual satisfaction may continually increase. In 

the meantime, we pray the great God that He may long spare 

your minister in health, that He may enlarge his spirit and gifts, 

the longer he remains the more, to the end that your church may 

be edified, the kingdom of Christ extended in your midst, and 

many souls be won to Christ. 

"We close with our respects. We desire God's blessing to rest 

upon you, your services and families. We remain, 

Eeverend, Godly, Prudent, Very Dear and Agreeable Brethren, 

Your obedient and affectionate Friends and Brethren, 

The Deputati of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Eudolphus Rulaeus, Dep. p.t. Praeses. 

Gualtherus Bodaen, Dep. p.t. Scriba. 

Michael De Hertoghe, Dep. 


April 6, 1682. 

Departure of Rev. Henricus Selyns for 'New York. 

1682, April Yth. 

Rev. Henricus Selyns, called to the church of Kew York, and 
dismissed both by his church and by the Classis, appeared before 
Classis. In taking his leave, he thanked the Assembly, and wished 
the blessing of the Lord of the harvest upon their labors. There- 
upon the Assembly also wished him success and prosperity on his 
Journey, and all grace, with an abundant measure of the Holy 
Spirit in his ministry. Then the original of the letter of call, 
in which he was invited by the church of New York to become their 
regular pastor, together with the act of financial contract with 
that church, were handed to him for his personal use. xxi. 240. 


812 Ecclesiastical Records ■ 

Capt. Brockholls to Justice Wood of Huntington. 

Reprimand of the Clergyman of Huntington for refusing to Baptize tlie Children. 

New Yorke, April 27, 1682. 

Yesterday I Received a Peticon from Several Inhabitants of your Towne wherein 
they complaine of yonr Minister for Refuseing to Baptize their Children, and that 
their Estates are Vyolently taijen from them for his Maintenance for the first you 
Cannot be Ignorant how Possitively the Law Injoynes it, not to be refused to any 
Children of Christian Parents When they shall be Tendred under Penalty of Losse 
of Preferment the Latter to be done with all Moderacon and Equality. I am 
unwilling to Beleeve that soe greate an Error as Refusall of Baptisme is Com- 
mitted by your Minister or Vyolent Actings Suffered by you. Therefore Doe not 
further Proceed thereupon untill I Can be Informed of the Certainty and Reason 
thereof from yourselfe which I Desire You to doe by the First Opportunity Being 
Desirous that the Laws be fully observed and as farr as possible to Satisfie the 
Mlndes of all his Majesties Subjects especially in a matter of this importe shall 
not Further add but the Tenders of my Respects and Remaine, 


Your affectionate fi'riond, 
, — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 210. 

Classis OF Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and tlieir Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Classes of the Corresponding 
Synods, May 12, 1682. xxvii. 151. 

Keverend, Godly and Highly Learned Gentlemen, and Colaborers 
in Christ : — 

Since it has pleased the Lord of the Harvest through the procla- 
mation of the Gospel, to daily extend the boundaries of his king- 
dom, and even more widely among the heathen, and to prepare 
the way for the preaching of the Gospel of the kingdom through, 
the whole world as a testimony to all nations ; and since in so great 
a harvest, the laborers daily decrease ; therefore we, as the Deputati 
of the Classis of Amsterdam for the care of foreign churches, 
have decided to request you and the other Classes to look about 
within their limits, and ascertain if there be not among them some 
godly, learned and zealous ministers or candidates, lovers of 
Christ's kingdom, who may feel inclined and animated to win 
souls in foreign parts, by bringing them to Christ. We pray that 
our zeal in this matter may be seconded by yours, and that if there 

OF THE State of ITew Yoek. 813 

"be any, as above described, in your midst, you will send us their 
names as soon as possible, for whicli we will consider ourselves un- 
der great obligations. Wisbing tbe blessing of tbe Lord upon 
yourselves, your services, and tbe people of your several charges, 
we remain, 

Reverend, Godly and Higbly Learned Sirs and Bretbren in 

Your obedient Servants and Colaborers in Cbrist, 

Thomas Coenen, Dep. p.t. Praeses. 

Gualtberus Bodaen, Dep. p.t. Scriba. 

Michael De Hertogbe, Dep. 
Done ' ! 

May 12, 1682. 

Godefrid Dellius. 

1682, June 1st. 

Rev. Godefridus Dellius, S. S. Min. Candidatus, requested to 
be accepted as " Recommended " by tbe Classis, even for churches 
in foreign lands. For this purpose he exhibited proper testimo- 
nials, and preached a sermon on tbe text Heb. 1 :1, to the satis- 
faction of the Assembly. Thereupon his request was granted, pro- 
vided he sign the formulae of Concord at the next session. From 
this he was excused at present by reason of the haste of hia 
journey, vii. 325; xix. 209. 

MiNiSTEK AT Huntington, Long Island. 

New York, June 1, 1682. 

I have this day Discoursed Mr. Jones* about Complaints made of his Refuseingr 
to Baptize Children and Levying the Rates for him. To the First I finde him 
willing in Conformity to the Law to Baptize the Children of all Xtian Parents, 
butt am sorry to heare that the Loose Lives of some of the Inhabitants Scarce 
Deserve that name which may have caused some Stand and Denyall and I hope 

• Rev. Ellphalet Jones was born at Concord, Mass., January 11, 1641 — accepted 
a. call in 1676 to Huntington, where he laboured untlll June 5, 1731, when he died 
aged ninety years. He left no children. He was a man of great purity and sim- 
plicity of Life and manners and a faithful and successful Preacher of the Gospel. 
Thompson Long Island, I. 481.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 210; Col. Docs. N. Y. xiv. 765. 



814 Ecclesiastical Records 

your care In your Station will Prvent and see the Lord's Day well and Solemnly 
Observed by all and not spent soe vainly as I am informed It is by some. That it 
may not longer be A Doubt or Dispute Who are Christian Parents. Mr. Jones 
hath Promlssed me to use his Endeavour to be as moderate therein as possible: 
To the last Mr. Jones hath Sattisfled me it was for Arreares Long Since Ordered 
to be Paid, therefore Doe not Disallow the Act itt being butt Reason what prom- 
lssed him should be Sattisfled. But the Moderatest way to Obteine It is Certainly 
the best. I wish you all to be and Continue in one faith and one minde and that 
you may bee Soe Bound and United together in the Bond of Peace that all Jealosies 
and Dissentlons may be Removed which will be to your owne Comfort and Rejoyce- 
Ing off. 
i Your affectionate ffrlend, 

A. B. 

Classis OF Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Godfridus Dellius. S. S. Ministerii Candidatus. 

1682, June 2nd. 

It was also resolved, by order of the Rev. Classis, to write for 
information about Rev. Godfridus Dellius, S. S. Ministerii Candi- 
datus in the Classis of Wjk, who had presented himself for ser- 
vice in the West Indian churches. This duty the Rev. Coenen has 
taken upon himself. — xxi. 242. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Classis of Wyk, concerning 
Rev. Godfridus Dellius, July 2, 1682. xxvii. 155. 

Reverend, Godly and Highly Learned Gentlemen : — 

Rev. Godefridus Dellius, S. S. Theol. Candidatus under your 
Rev. Classis, has informed us that he is inclined to serve the 
West Indian churches, and help to advance Christ's kingdom 
there. We desire more circumstantial knowledge in regard to 
him, his studies, and walk, than we have yet been able to obtain. 
Therefore we have decided to address ourselves to your Rever- 
ences, not doubting but that we shall thus obtain the best and 
most trustworthy account. We pray then, that it may please your 
Reverences on receipt of this, to acquaint us with the standing 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 815 

of the said Rev. Dellius, in your Classis. Depending on this, 
we remain, with the offer of our services, 
Reverend, Godly and Highly Learned Sirs, 

Your Revs', ohedient servants and colaborers in Christ, 
The Deputati of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Thomas Coenen, Dep. p.t. Praeses. 
G. Bodaen, Dep. p.t. Scriba. 
In Amsterdam, 
July 2, 1682. 

Resolution of a Town Meeting on Staten Island About the 
Pay of Their Minister. 

Att a Towne meeting held the 19th Day of June 1682 By order of Richard Still- 
well Esq. one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace. 

Beinj? put to the vote whether the Inhabitants would freely Consent that a Towne 
Rate should be forthwith made In order to ye Satisfaction and payment of Mr. 
Morgan Jones who by the Choice and at ye desire of ye Inhabitants aforesaid has 
Exercised the function of a Minister in this Island this yeare last past, It was 
carryed in the affirmative for which there were thirty eight votes and for the 
Negative but thirty one, Whereupon Orders that ye Oom'rs. formerly chosen and 
appointed by the Inhabitants of this Island for that purpose doe cause a Rate to 
be made whereby a Sufficient Summe of money may be raised for the Immediate 
Satisfaction of ye said Mr. Morgan Jones according to agreement and that they 
take some speedy Course that ye same may be collected. Ordered that this be pre- 
sented to the Court of Sessions. 

Per Fra. Williamson Cler. Cur. 
Copla Vera. — Col. Docs. N. Y. xill. 556, 557. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 


1682, June 29th. 

Rev. Dellius, S. S. Min. Candidatus, accepted as " Recom- 
mended " at the last Classis, but who did not sign the formulae 
of Concord, has not as yet appeared, vii. 328; xix. 210. 

Rev. Dellius Called to "New Albany 

1682, July 20th. 

Rev. Dellius again appeared before the Assembly, (making) his 
request to be advanced to the ministry of the churches in foreign 


816 Ecclesiastical Records 

lands, and especially to that of iTew Albany. He now signed the 
usual formulae as Candidate, (proponent). Thereupon the As- 
sembly made a nomination of two persons from whom to choose 
a minister for 'New Albany, viz.. Rev. Godefrid. Dellius and 
Rev. Petrus van Gent. The Rev. Dellius was unanimously 
chosen. He immediately preached a sermon on the words of 
Jer. 17:9, (The heart is deceitful, etc.) to the good satisfaction of 
the Assembly. He was then further examined in the principal 
articles of the Christian Religion by Rev. Michael de Hertoghe, 
wherein he likewise gave good satisfaction. He was ordained by 
the Rev. Examiner aforesaid to the Sacred Ministry, with the 
laying on of hands, and with the wish for the Lord's rich blessing. 
At the same time he signed the usual formulae for ministers, vii. 
330; xix. 210. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Magistrates of iJTew Albany^ 
July 23, 1682. xxvii. 156. 

Honorable, Wise and Prudent Gentlemen : — 

Our last to you was of the 6th of April of this year, (1682). 
We trust that it has been delivered to you, by Rev. Selyns, before 
the receipt of this. At that time we were yet unable to gratify 
your desire to send your church a faithful minister to aid Rev» 
Schaats, and after his decease, to take the charge of that church,, 
as the regular appointed minister in all parts of the service. We 
have, however, at length become acquainted with Rev. Godefridus 
Dellius, who has accepted this ministry according to the Order of 
our churches, and who will deliver this epistle to you. We doubt 
not but that he will fulfill your desire, as well as that of your 
church. Our prayer is, that through your assistance and favor, 
he may perform the service of the Lord with joy, in the church 

OF THE State of !N"ew York:. 817 


committed to him. Herewith commending yon to God and to the 

Word of his Grace, we remain, 

Honorable, AVise and Prudent Sirs, 

Your Honors obedient servants. 

The Deputati of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Kudolphus Rnlaeus, Dep. p.t. Praeses. 

Gualtherus Bodaen, Dep. p.t. Scriba. 

Amsterdam, Michael De Hertoghe, Dep. 

July 23, 1682. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the church of l^ew Albany, July 
23, 1682. xxvii. 156. 

E.everend and Godly Co-brethren in Christ, — The Consistory of 
the church at I^ew Albany : — 

"We have at the desire of your Magistrates, of Rev. Schaats, 
and indeed of all of you, been looking about continually, since our 
last, (dated April 6th), for a suitable person, who shall be able 
and willing to supply the lack of service in your church, both 
during the old age of Rev. Schaats, and after hi& decease. At 
length we became acquainted with Rev. Godefridus Dellius, whom 
our Classis has both called and ordained for the service of the 
Gospel among you. We cannot doubt but that he will be among 
you (the text says "without you",) a blessed instrument in the 
hand of the Lord, to edify your souls, and win many to Christ. 
We pray this from him who holdeth the seven stars in his right 
hand, and walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks. 
We commend you and the entire church to his protection. 
Reverend, Godly Brethren in Christ, 

Your Revs, obedient servants and brethren, 

Gualtherus Bodaen, Dep. p.t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, De Hertoghe, Deputat. 

April 6, ( ?) 1682. 
(But July 23rd, must 
be the right date.) 

52 ■ ■ ^ 

818 Ecclesiastical Records 

Synod of Korth Holland, at Amsterdam. 

1682, July 28, et seq. 
Article 11. 

At the reading of the 11th Article of the preceding Synod, con- 
taining the extracts from the Indian churches, the delegates from 
the Classis of Amsterdam again handed over their extracts and 
letters, regarding the affairs of the West India and other foreign 
churches. Those of Hoorn and Enkhuysen had nothing new to 

Extract from a letter from the Church of New York, dated Feb- 
ruary 27, 1681. 

They announce the death of Rev. William van ISTieuwenhuysen, 
their worthy minister, who died on February 17, 1681. 

They tell of their distress on account of his death. Thereby 
their congregation, about four hundred and fifty members strong, 
is deprived altogether of the stated ministry of the Word and 
of the Sacraments; and that they are without any likelihood of 
being able to fill his place, because the region is so remote. 

Nevertheless they ask the Classis that another capable minis- 
ter may be sent to them. They promise to give a certain salary 
to the one called; namely, the same salary which the foregoing 
ministers have had, and especially what the Rev. Nieuwenhuysen 
had. This is one thousand guilders, Holland money, or the equiva- 
lent thereof, according to a certain agreement, a copy whereof is 
sent along with this letter; also free fire wood, and a suitable 
dwelling; and also some additional compensation for week-day 

And inasmuch as the Rev. Selyns, by reason of his many good 
qualities, had left deep impressions upon the minds of many in 
the congregation, which still remain, they request him to decide 
to come over to them, and to assume the sacred office among them, 
and to fill this vacant place. 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 819 

This was signed by the Elders and Deacons of the Eeformed 
Christian Church in 'New York: 

Peter Jacobsen Marius. 

Conrad ten Eyck. 

Peter Stoutenberg. 

John van Brug, geassiuneerde ex-elder. 

Olof Stevenson (Van Cortlandt?) 

Nicholas Bayard. 

Gerrit van Fricht. 

Peter Bayard. 

Jacob Teunissen Ray. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Caspar van Zuuren, minister on 
Long Island, in America, dated at Midwout, June 25, 1681. 

He gives a circumstantial recital of a certain dispute which 
arose before his arrival, but which has continued till this time, 
between the widow of his predecessor (Polhemus,) and one of her 
neighbors, about the boundaries of certain lands. 

On account of this, and inasmuch as for these reasons the said 
widow had kept herself away from the use of the Lord's Supper, 
he had expressed his opinion on the subject, and placed her in 
the wrong. But this had aroused a great unpleasantness between 
him and the said widow, which he, on account of the evil report 
which his elders had made of the said widow, (had attempted to 
settle ?) 

On account of this difference between him and the widow, he 
was very badly treated by the school-master and his oldest son, 
and was complained of before everybody, both before the Deputy 
Governor and the Consistory of New York. But in reference 
to this question, silence was imposed both by the Consistory of 
New York and of Long Island. 

But thereupon there immediately arose another question be- 
tween himself and the school-master aforementioned, and that be- 
cause he thought that the latter's eldest son, who already was 


820 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

under censure for his offensive life, ought to be further disciplined^ 
because of the evil treatment which he (Van Zuuren) had re- 
ceived from him. 

This question ran so high, that magistrates and Consistory, vvho 
had licensed the school-master, (now discharged him) both on 
account of these disturbances and of his disobedience. 

Thereupon did he (Van Zuuren) address himself to the Con- 
sistories of the Dutch villages, who ratified the sentence against 
the school-master, and pronounced him (Van Zuuren) clear of all 
slander, and commissioned him to carry this affair, with some 
from ISTew York, before the judges. They finally brought matters 
so far, that it was decided that the school-master must remain 
deposed ; be compelled to retract his slanders ; to reestablish him 
(Van Zuuren) in his honor. This Avas done, and further he 
promised to act thus no more under the penalty of a fine of fifty 
pounds sterling. 

He indicates, moreover, his dissatisfaction on account of the 
troubles which he has had there ; that were it not for the inconve- 
nience to his wife, who is pregnant; the embarrassment of the 
church of ISTew York, where he preaches every fortnight, and bap- 
tizes, and administers the Lord's Supper every three months; as 
well as that of other places in the vicinity, which together count 
up one thousand members ; that if these things had not made him 
change his purpose, he had intended to return to the Fatherland 
with the ship and the bearer of this letter. 

He requests, that on occasion, we will remember him, to secure 
for him a good place ; and concludes with a wish for God's blessing 
on us. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Casparus van Zuren, written by 
order of the Consistory of iN'ew Albany, dated June 25, 1681, 
O. S., at Midwout. 

He requests in the name of the officers of the church of Jesus 
Christ at ITew Albanv, that, in view of the high old age, and 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 821 

weaknesses arising therefrom, of their present pastor, Rev. Gid- 
eon Schaats, their church may be provided with a second minister. 
He gives a full and extensive account of the work of the ministers 
in JTew Xetherland, and what localities each one in particular 
attends to. Therefrom he shows the diflficulties of their labors. 
At the same time, he shows with what inconveniences, many, — 
who are scattered about in villages and hamlets throughout the 
country and who would gladly employ the means of grace, — 
attend to their religious wants ; that some have to go several hours 
(three miles an hour) to have their children baptized, and to 
partake of the Lord's Supper, 

He requests, accordingly, that the said church may be provided 
with a minister as speedily as possible, as well as the other vacant 

He makes mention also of the approval given to the call about 
to be made, by the Deputy Governor ; also that for the accomplish- 
ing of said call, a considerable sum had already been set aside, 
and consigned to the care of Mr, Eichard Rensselaer, John Henry 
Boel, and Abel de Wolf, to whom they refer them. 

The salary is eight hundred guilders in beavers, that is one 
hundred pieces of beaver (skin), four pieces at eight guilders; ( ?) 
while the old pastor retains his present salary of one hundred and 
twenty five beavers. 

He recommends their present churches to the faithful and 
hearty care of the Rev, Classis, and concludes with a wish for 
God's blessing. 

Extract from a letter from the church of Kingstown in the Esopus, 
dated October 31, 1681. 

They make known that they had duly received our letter to 
them, together with their pastor elect, Rev. John Weeksteen, They 
thank the Rev. Classis for their fatherlv care as thus shown. 

822 EccLESiASTiOAiy Records 

They profess to be peculiarly contented with the doctrine and 
life of their said preacher, and wish long life to him. They 
promise not to fail in their duty with regard to him ; even as they 
doubt not that Rev. Weeksteen will not fail on his part. They 
conclude with their wish for a blessing on us. 

Signed by the Consistory there. 

This year went as minister to New JSTetherland : Rev. Henry 
Selyns, to New York; formerly minister at "Waverveen. 

Art. 55. Opening of the letters from the Indies, to be done by 
the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Ad Art. 59. Concerning the opening of Indian letters and 
business to be done by the Classis of Amsterdam in behalf of this 
Synod, this Christian Synod acquiesces therein; and thus the 
brethren from Amsterdam have promised to do. 

Art. 56. Presidium among the Deputies of the Synods of North 
and South Holland. 

Ad Art. 60. Concerning the Presidimn and further manage- 
ment, in the combined college of the Deputies of the respective 
.Synods of South and North Holland : Inasmuch as it has been 
learned from the report of the Deputies of this Synod, that they 
had received more satisfaction ; and that the brethren correspond- 
ents from the South Holland Synod, now present, likewise have 
promised to give all satisfaction in the future. Therefore this 
Christian Synod takes pleasure therein, and has resolved to soften 
the word usurp in the Acta of the preceding Synod, as employed 
by the Clerk. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 823 

Art. 60. Ministerial Changes. 
In tlie Classis of Amsterdam. 


Left: Eev. Henry Selyns, of Waverveen, for !N'ew York in 

In the Classis of Hoorn. 
Died: Eev. Rolandus de Carpentier of Scharwoud. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of I*^ew Castle (South Eiver) to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, September 25, 1682. 

Reverend and Pious Fathers in Christ : — 

After the death of Domine Welius, who was sent here by your 
Reverences about twenty five years ago, we were without a teacher 
of the Holy Gospel of the Reformed Christian Church, for nearly 
twenty three years, until Domine Petrus Tesschenmaker, then 
only a licentiate, came to us four years ago, and was advanced to 
the ministry by the Rev. Classis at iSTew York, upon our urgent 
request, and with the consent of our Governor there. He left 
us without lawful reason, and has accepted, as we are told another 
call made by the people of Bergen, in East ISTew Jersey. 

We have learned that Domine Jacobus Coelman, former minis- 
ter at Sluys, in Flanders, now without a place, is on your coast; 
and inasmuch as we are sufficiently assured of his Reverences 
ripe orthodoxy, knowledge, aptness to teach, and good character, 
by trustworthy persons ; therefore we earnestly pray and make 
request in a manner friendly, that your Reverences will please to 
give your consent to our call of said Domine Jacobus Coelman, 


824 Ecclesiastical Records 

and to send him by first opportunity to ns, with your permission 
that he may become our pastor and teacher ; and so remain. 

We live here among many Lutherans, whose teachers preach 
in a very unedifying manner; and among a still greater number 
of Quakers who are given to errors. Apparently they will not 
cease their efforts to draw into their fold the fickle ones. There- 
fore preaching and catechizing in the clean, upright, true Re- 
formed religion is very necessary here, especially as a great many 
unreliable, dissolute people move in here among us. We know, 
that said Domine Jacobus Coelman usually does not observe the 
printed forms of prayers or holydays ; but we will not grow angry 
about that while we know that he is sound in doctrine and of a 
good life. We hope, the Lord will dispose your hearts, so that 
your Reverences will please to consider our miserable spiritual 
state and condition, and that you will not fail to send Domine 
Jacobus Coelman to us ; especially, since the majority of our con- 
gregation, comprising about one hundred fathers of families, have 
subscribed for a yearly salary for said Domine Jacobus Coelman 
and have firmly pledged certain of their lots to him. 

We shall therefore rely upon the fatherly Christian love of your 
Reverences and earnestly av/ait the arrival of his Reverence. We 
also beseech the Almighty for yourselves, and the growth of your 
congregations in faith, peace and love, in Jesus Christ, our Lord. 
We remain, 

Reverend, Pious Fathers 

Your very humble servants, friends and brothers, 

Jean Paul Jacquet, Elder 
Joan Moll, Elder 

Engel , Deacon. 

At 'New Castle, Jan Bisch, Deacon. 

on the Delaware, '■ 

the 25th of Sept. 

Anno Domini 1682. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 825 

Correspondence from America. 

Kev. Gideon Schaats to tlie Classis of Amsterdam, September 
25, 1682. xxi. 252. Extract in Mints. Syn. IT. Holland, 
1683, Art. 11. 

The Peace of Christ. 

Eeverendi Domini Fratri : — 

' Inasmuch as the Rev. Brethren with the Gentlemen here of 
Albany, have been pleased to wi-ite, expressing their anxiety to 
provide me with a colleague ; and efforts to this end have already 
been begun and will be continued ; therefore I am in duty bound, 
and cannot neglect to express my cordial thanks therefor. I also 
wish, that the good God may still spare me in my great age, to 
build up his church and congregation. The same wish I have also 
for your Eeverences. We have received a letter from de Wolf and 
Rykert van Rensselaer, since we received yours, saying, that one 
of my countrymen openly declares his inclination, to come here, 
and that he is to be sent by the first opportunity, after he has 
presented himself to the Rev. Classis, which is to assemble in a 
short time. To this meeting, and to his confirmatory promotion, 
ma}^ the good God give his blessing. I commend the Rev. Breth- 
ren (to God and) the Word of his Grace, remaining. 
Reverend Brethren in the labor of the Lord, 
Your humble servant, 

Gideon Schaats, 
New Albany, Minister at Albany, 

this 25th of Sept. 


Classis of Amsterdam. 

Waverveen's Call Approved. 

1682, Oct. 5th. 

Thys Huybertsen, elder, Roeland van Doornenstruyck, deacon, 
and Jacob Pietersen, church master, at Waverveen, requested the 



826 Ecclesiastical Records 

approval by this Classis of the call made by that church, together 
with the approval of the Hon. Jacob van Hazemarpel, Bailiff 
and Dike-grave, (Inspector of Dykes,) of Amstelland; also Dike- 
grave of the Zeeburg and Dimerdyk ; on Eev. John Tuk* as their 
minister. This call was unanimously approved by this Assembly, 
with their wish for the Lord's rich blessing upon them, vii, 334. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Magistrates of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam, October 
12, 1682. xxi. 242. (Extracts in Mints. Syn. ]^. Holland, 
1683, Art. 11.) 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen : — 

Yours of the 6th of April last, (1682) was duly received by us. 
We were sorry to learn therefrom that notwithstanding all your 
efforts and pious care for our church, you have not yet been able 
to persuade anyone to accept the duties in our behalf. We are 
under many obligations to you, and feel very grateful for the 
efforts made for our spiritual good by your Reverences, and for 
all your labors. We humbly and earnestly beseech you to continue 
in your efforts, as you are the only persons to whom we can ad- 
dress ourselves. Our children will gratefully acknowledge the good 
services of the Rev. Classis, especially if good results ensue. Our 
old Domine grows in age and infirmities ; his voice is also becom- 
ing feeble, so that people sitting far back cannot well understand 
him. I^sTevertheless our congregation grows, so that we shall be 
obliged to make a second gallery. A pious, prudent, orthodox and 
eloquent man would be of great service to us. We have also no 
doubt, since we have so good a reputation in the Fatherland, but 
that our distress will soon be removed. Erom the last letters 
from Messrs. Abel de Wolff and Richard van Rensselaer, of the 

♦ He was the successor of Rev. Henry Selyns in Waverveen. There was subse- 
quently a family of the name of Tuck In New England, and a recent minister 
there, near Springfield, of this very name. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 827 

24th of May, (1682) it appears that they had great hopes of 
speedy success. But time will tell. We leave the matter in the 
hand of God and the nourishers of his congregation, whom your 
Reverences represent. We commend you to the goodness and 
protection of his only Son Jesus Christ. 
With cordial salutations, we remain. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen, 
Your affectionate brethren and servants, 
Albany, in The Magistrates of Albany, 

America, 12th The Colony of Rensselaerswyck, etc., 

of Oct. 1682. Cornelius van Dyck. 

Jan Janszen Bleecker. 
By order, 

Robert Livingston, Secretary. 

Correspondence from America. 
Rev. Henry Selyns to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 28, 1682. 
xxi. 249, 250. Extract in Mints. Synod N. Holland, 1683, 
Art. 11. There is also another abridged translation by Rev. 
Dr. Thos. De Witt in Christian Intelligencer, March 27, 1856; 
and an extract (a different translation) in Murphy's Anthology, 
93, 94; beginning " I have engaged myself to preach " and 
ending with "As to Papists " etc. " or that of the Lutherans ". 


— To be handed to the Rev. Pious and Very Learned Domine 
Rudolphus Rulaeus, President of the Deputies on Foreign Af- 
fairs, and Preacher in the Hospital and the Church at Amster- 
dam. — 

To the Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen and 
Brethren, the Ministers and Elders of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen and Brethren : — 
Having had the happiness of attending your Ecclesiastical As- 
semblies for many years in succession, and of frequently listen- 



828 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

ing to your wise and godly deliberations, I might justly be ac- 
cused of ingratitude, if I did not send you my cordial thanks, and 
inform you by the first opportunity of my safe arrival. I had 
hoped that I would not be obliged to leave without bidding you 
and your Eev. Assembly farewell, and commending myself and 
my services to your Christian prayers ; but sooner than we ex- 
pected we were forced to break up and leave, but not without my 
being able to make the request of several of the brethren to tender 
my excuse to the whole Classis. 

After leaving our Fatherland we ran in at Dover, (Doeveren), 
where, at the request of the Mayor, I preached for the gratifica- 
tion of the Hollanders there. We spent twelve weeks between 
Dover and ISTew York. The voyage was longer than usual, partly 
owing to calms, or to little wind, or to contrary winds ; but we 
experienced not the slightest storm, nor did we suffer in the 
least for want of food or drink. 

I was met with very great love and gladness on my arrival 
by my whole congregation. As soon as they learned that I was 
coming, they secured a house for me, which was well adapted both 
for domestic uses as well as for my studies. I at once delivered 
your letters to my Consistory, which consists of eight persons. 
The other letters I sent to their respective destinations. My 
neighbor (on Long Island) Domine Caspar van Zuuren had been 
taking charge of the service here with great zeal and fidelity. He 
came over every Wednesday without reference to the weather, 
good or bad. At once upon my arrival a hearty vote of thanks 
was tendered him, with a suitable acknowledgment. 

I have engaged myself to preach three times every week, in 
winter as well as in summer. This I began to do immediately 
after my arrival, and have thus far continued it. But as the 
number of inhabitants here, together with the people coming in 
from the vicinity, is too great for the size of our church building, 
they are contemplating the building of a new church, or else of 
increasing the accommodations in this one by a large gallery. 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 829 

The number of members has increased to about six hundred 
in all. For the sake of the children, who multiply more rapidly 
here than anywhere else in the world, I hold a catechetical class 
on Sunday evenings, and it is filled to overflowing. Besides this, 
I have been requested to preach to the people at Bergen, a village 
lying across the river, three times a year. This I do on Monday 
mornings and afternoons, and also administer the Lord's Supper. 
I found there a new church, and upon administering the commu- 
nion, I found one hundred and thirty four members. At other 
times these people are accustomed to come over here to service. 
The people of Harlem also come down to this city to the comm-u- 
nion; but in order to ordain their elders and deacons, I have 
promised to preach there once a year. Agreeably to certain ar- 
rangements made on June 19th 1672, (between the ISTew York 
Consistory and the Harlem Consistory), they nominate a double 
number of elders and deacons to our Consistory, out of which 
our Consistory makes the choice. Except in this single instance, 
there is no difference in the order of worship, church government, 
etc., between the church of the Fatherland and ours here. This 
is a circumstance of very great interest, as well as the fact that 
both in the city and in the rural districts, our religious services 
are held with quietness, and without any annoyances. 

The English residents here worship in our church building, en- 
tering and occupying it immediately after our morning service. 
They read their " Common Prayer ". They have no minister, 
but only a " reader "* who also marries people and baptizes in 
private houses, but does not publicly preach. There is here also 
a Lutheran church with a minister, (Bernardus Arensius) who 

* Rev. Mr. Eburne was in New York City, 1682, and subsequently resided on 
Long Island for nearly twenty years, 1685-1705, though he probably did not attempt 
to carry on his partial Episcopal services at Brookhaven more than a few months 
in the year, 1685. On November 21, 1705, Cornbury wrote to the Mission Society 
in England, saying that at the time Rev. Peter Nucella left the Dutch Church of 

Kingston, March 7, 1704, "there was on Long Island Mr. Eburne, a 

minister of the Church of England, who had formerly served one of the churches 
In ye Island of Jamaica, but not enjoying his health there, came to this province 



830 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

lives in this city during the summer, hut at 'New Albany in the 
"winter. Besides, we have Quakers, Jews and Labadists, all of 
whom hold their own separate meetings. The Quakers are the 
most numerous, the Jews come next, and the Labadists are the 
fewest. The latter generally attend my morning and afternoon 
services on Sundays, but after that they meet by themselves. 
About a year and a half ago, God's church suffered considerable 
harm from one Domine Peter Sluyter, alias Vosman, who trav- 
eled all over the country, with another named Jasper Schilder. 
They disturbed many by holding up the Reformed Church in 
a suspicious light. But most of those who had ceased attending 
church services, upon my arrival returned, and now come to the 
Lord's Table. As to Papists, there are none; or if there are 
any, they attend our services or that of the Lutherans. 

The church at Albany is badly off on account of the great age 
of Domine Schaats, who is now more than seventy. It is very 
desirable that a pious colleag-ue should be provided for him. His 
son is voorleser at Schenectady. The state of the church in other 
places is better owing to the unwearied labors of Domine Ca&* 
parus van Zuuren on Long Island, and of Domine Johannes 
Weecksteen at Kingston. 

But at New Castle, formerly South Eiver, the condition of 
God's Church is pitiable indeed. A great strife exists there with 
their minister, Domine Peter Tesschenmaker. He was a licentiate,, 
but was examined finally, and ordained here. He has left that 
place on account of their failure to pay him his salary, as he says. 
But they deny this, and declare that it was only because of his 
desire to get a better position in some of the vacant churches, 

and settled on Long Island, where he had a daughter married ". Cornbury ordered 
Rev. Mr. Eburne to proceed to Kingston, New York, " to preach and read divine 
service, In good hopes of bringing the Dutch to a conformity ". In this he did not 
succeed. Dr. Dix thinks this is the first allusion to lay services in the Episcopal 
Church of New York. Such were afterward instituted by Col. Heathcote, at 
Scarsdale In 1692, and by Rev. Mr. Vesey, at Sag and Hempstead, Long Island, 
1605-6. See Doc. Hist. N. Y. Hi. 77, 218, 584; Dix, i. 54, 55, 56. Also in this work, 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 831 

either in this citv, or Kingston, or Albany, or at least in Schenec- 
tady. But these plans all failing, he went off to Boston, Upon 
his return he again offered himself and his services to his former 
church. So our Consistory took this matter to heart, and Domine 
van Zuuren being near us, we met several times to consider this 
matter. We finally resolved that it would be salutary that said 
Tesschenmaker should make an apology to his former church, 
now without a pastor, and that we would second his effort and his 
letter of Apology, by ourselves writing to that church (l^ew Cas- 
tle) in a friendly but earnest manner. This was done on the 
3rd of September last, (1682), and signed by all of us, but we 
received no answer. We therefore wrote a second time on Sep- 
tember 27th. We did this, especially because we had been in- 
formed on good authority that Domine Jacob Coelman, well known 
to your Rev. Assembly, is said to have offered his services to said 
church, and would bring with him about two hundred and fifty 
of his members. (Coelman was a Labadist). It appears that Mr. 
de la Grandge, who married a daughter of Fonteyn, and who 
lived at Amsterdam and was settled there for two years, had 
written about Coelman (going there), or to him, concerning 
Tesschenmaker's departure. 

For the sake, therefore, of keeping God's Church in this coun- 
try in ecclesiastical peace, and preserving it from many dangers 
which can easily be imagined ; and also especially because innu- 
merable ships with Quakers are arriving at New Castle (and 
vicinity) ; we considered it highly necessary, and resolved to write 
ex ofiicio to this endangered church, and fraternally to exhort 
them not to make out any new call unless according to ecclesiasti- 
cal rules; that they should act with great caution, and should es- 
pecially consult with the Classis of Amsterdam about this Coel- 
man; who would be well acquainted with him personally, and 
also know all about his separate conventicles. We assured them 
at the same time that he had seceded from the General Reformed 


832 Ecclesiastical Hecoeds 


Ghurcli, to the great grief of the same, and their fear lest there 
should be a public schism ; also that he spoke more or less against 
the Forms, and that it would be difficult to persuade him to ad- 
minister Baptism and the Communion according to those Forms. 

Therefore we pray that for the preservation of God's Church 
in this distant country, and for its peace, this danger may be 
headed off in time by your wise management and pious zeal; and 
that this church of ours, as well as the one at jSTew Castle may be 
warned of the approaching storm and of the threatened hurri- 

Enclosed are also letters from Domine Schaats and van Zuuren, 
sent to me to be transmitted to your Rev. Assembly ; also letters 
from my Consistory and from the Magistrates at Albany. There 
is no letter from Domine Weecksteen. Domine Tesschenmaker 
who is here without doing any service, does not desire to write. 
There is no other news except that we have recently seen a comet 
which quickly disappeared again. 

In closing we commend your Reverences, your services, as well 
as the churches entrusted to your care to the Great Shepherd of 
the sheep. We hope to enjoy your paternal fellowship at . the 
throne of grace, and also await your correspondence. 

Yours in the Faith and Service of Christ, 
Done at ISTew York, Henricus Selyns. 

Oct. 28, 1682, K S. 

P. S. A letter from the South River has since arrived, dated 
8/18 of October, (1682). It thanks us for our endeavors in their 
behalf, and also in reference to Domine Tesschenmaker, as well 
as for the advice about the call of Domine Jacobus Coelman. 
After canvassing the church they discovered no desire to reinstate 
Domine Tesschenmaker ; they therefore proceeded to discharge 
him. We immediately wrote the fact and sent it over to him. 
We were only mediators, not judges. And although the church 
of the South River has done nothing yet except to show that they 

OF THE State of jSTew Yoke. • 833 

Tinderstood our communication, and acknowledged it, nevertheless 
their passion for some new kind of reformation continually crops 
■out. We take the general welfare of the whole church of God at 
that place to heart, rather than that of single individuals. They 
number only about fifty members. "We examined the discharge 
(to Domine Tesschenmaker) and found it to be a penal discharge 
(poenale dismissie). They themselves speak of it as if it were a 
de-portment (deposition), inasmuch as he forsook them for want 
of pajTiient of his salary; yet they admit that he gave them no 
offence by any lack of piety. But for the sake of keeping them 
and Domine Tesschenmaker in a better understanding with each 
other, and in mutual respect and honor, I have, in connection 
with my Consistory, drawn up and sent to them (for their signa- 
tures) a milder form of discharge to him from that church. 

In the meantime there seem to be some contradictions in their 
last letter. The whole congregation was called together on the 
5/15 October, to reinstate Tesschenmaker. They then wrote, that 
an opportunity having occurred, they had already made some 
inquiries about Coelman. But in a letter to the Rev. Consistory 
they requested to be excused from this, stating that they had not 
written to the Classis, not considering that more than our Rev. 
Consistory belonged to the body of our Classis.* It is to be feared 
that Coelman will yet be secured, but under some other name. 
Domine Sluyter was called (when here) by the name of Yosman. 
It is suspected that Coelman will come out under the name of 
Guillaume Germonpre. Two Coelmanists, immediately on the 
sending of the letter from jSTew" Castle, signed an obligation to 
be responsible for the cost of transportation of one Germonpre 
and his family, now living at Amsterdam. Mr. Maison, owner of 
this ship and a deacon in the French church at Amsterdam, ought 
to know whether this Germonpre is Coelman or not. His coming 
over ought to be anticipated and prevented. Domine Tesschen- 

* See their letter. Sept. 25. 1682. 





834 Ecclesiastical Records 

maker ought not (?) to have written to you, and troubled your 
Reverences with this (unpleasant) business. But he was very 
depressed, and dipped his pen in his tears, and now requests (some 
favor) for himself in this distant part of the world. 

H. Selyns. 
mv. 1st, 1682, 0. S. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Peter Tesschenmaker to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 
30, 1682. xxi. 251-2. Extract in Mints, of Synod of North 
Holland 1683, Art. 11. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned and Very Prudent Brethren in 
Jesus Christ, Sirs : — 

It is known to you by letter from Domine Van Nieuwenhuy- 
sen, deceased, that by reason of a disaster on the coast of Guiana, 
I arrived (here) from that country in the year 1678, and engaged, 
to the best of my ability, in the ministry in the Esopus, until 
the arrival of Domine L. Van Gaasbeek. I was then requested 
by the congregation of South River to come to them, and follow- 
ing the advice of several, I went thither, and prosecuted my min- 
istry in like manner there, during the first four months preaching 
in Dutch and English. But a misunderstanding arose between 
them, because the English did not contribute enough, and the 
English broke off. I then preached the five following months 
only in Dutch. I then proceeded to 'New York, at the request 
of the people of South River, in order to obtain my ordination. 
This was accomplished on October 31st, 1679, and has been made 
known to you. I again returned to the South River, and since 
then have discharged the duties of the ministry there. In the 
meantime the payment of salary became worse from year to year. 
They sought to satisfy me with the worst kind of payment, viz. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 835 


tobacco. This I could dispose of to one individual, exchanging 
it for goods at his convenience ; or else sell it to others at a price 
less than I could afford. The whole region in which I preached, 
and where I was well known, was displeased with this kind of 
payment. My worthy brethren will all testify that nothing can 
be alleged against my doctrine or life. I may not make complaint 
how I have sup]Dorted myself with my own means. Mr. Meyer 
of this city, with w^hom I have lived, off and on, for several 
months, can testify to this. I therefore went to New York, 
Albany, etc., to make my complaint, especially as last winter I 
was obliged to sojourn with one of the deacons, and sleep right 
under the roof; because there was no parsonage. I did not re- 
ceive more than a half year's board-money for my support, and' 
was obliged to collect the same myself, although they had prom- 
ised to make the collection. This grievance I laid before the 
Consistory. They would not assure me what my salary should 
be, although Domine Van Zuuren, minister on Long Island, wrote- 
a letter to them on the subject, on March 15, 16 |-^. Neither 
would they give me a dismission. So I felt compelled to come 
hither, and make my complaints. Some people of my church say 
that I have taken my own dismission. Those who daily see me 
and know me, observe the worn out condition of my clothes, and 
that I am destitute and disheartened. What would my condition 
be, had I a wife and children? But notwithstanding all these 
troubles, my ministry has been offered to them for four hundred 
bushels of wheat, which is four hundred guilders, Holland money, 
reckoning five to one, and to have my board with Mr. Peter 
Aldrichs, for which I am to instruct his children. The Eev. 
Brethren, Selyns and Van Zuuren, with their consistories, have 
used every effort in my behalf, but in vain. They say they cannot 
and will not agree to it. This is a sad state for a minister to be 
in. They have become the more unwilling, because Domine Ja- 
cobus Koelman has written a letter to Arnoldus De la Grange, 


836 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

offering his services to them, which they have agreed to accept, 
and they have written to your Eev. Body about it. I do not 
doubt but that you will consider my reasons satisfactory, and ap- 
prove of them, so that my good name may not be tarnished by 
the action of these South River people. I am known in the 
Fatherland and in this whole country, and with Solomon, I con- 
sider my good name to be more precious than gTeat riches. I will 
not detain you with further details, which might prove tedious. 
I pray that God may be pleased to bless your deliberations in the 
Classis and in the churches, as well as yourselves, your services 
and your families, 

I remain. Reverend, Pious, and Very Learned Gentlemen, 
Fathers and Brethren in Christ, 

Your obedient and affectionate brother, 

Petrus Tesschenmaker. 
New York, 
Oct. 30, 1682. 

P. S. I am going to Staten Island to engage in the ministry 
there, during the winter. 

The Church of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 30, 

1682. xxi. 251. Extract in Mints. Syn. of North Holland, 

1683, Art. 11. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned and Very Prudent Gentlemen, 
and Dear Brethren in Christ : — 
We duly received your favor of the 6th of April at the hands 
of Rev. Domine Henricus Selyns, who, with his wife, arrived 
here in good health on the 6th of August (1682) to the joy of 
the inhabitants. His Reverence is very dear to us. His great 
gifts satisfy the whole congregation, while his increasing dili- 
gence edifies the inhabitants, both in the preaching of God's Word 
and in catechizing. Nor shall we on our side fail to give his 

OF THE State of New York. 837 

Keverence full satisfaction, that he may not be hindered in his 
excellent zeal for this congregation. We wish to thank your 
Reverences for the great favor and service done us. We shall 
always feel under great obligations to you, and we pray God, that 
he will please to assist you and to bless your councils to the glory 
of his Holy JSTame and the salvation of many souls. 

We cannot omit to inform your Reverences that the church of 
'New Castle is not able to agree with their preacher, Domine 
Petrus Tesschenmaker. They have given him his discharge, and 
have asked the ministers of Amsterdam to call for them one Ja- 
cobus Coelman, who, as we hear, is a schismatic and holds sepa- 
rate meetings. We have thought it necessary to inform you of 
all this, that his coming might be prevented, and a more suitable 
man be sent over, if possible, to keep the church free from divi- 
sions, and to preserve its unity, to the honor of God and his 
dearly purchased church. 

Closing we heartily greet you. Reverend Gentlemen, and com- 
mend you and your families to God and the Word of his Grace; 
we remain. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Prudent Gentlemen, 

Your obedient servants and brethren in Christ, 
The Elders and Deacons of the 

Reformed Church at 'Ne^Y York. 
New York, Jacob de Key, Joannes Kerfbyl, P. D. 

Anno 1682, La Noj, Jan Harbendinck, Gerrit 

the 30th of Oct. van Tricht, Pieter Stoutenburgh, 

Johannes van Brugh, S. van Cort- 
landt, Cornelius Steenwyck, Pieter 
Jacobs Marius, ISTicholas Bayard, 
Coenraedt ten Evck. 


838 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


Rev. Casper Van Zuuren to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. ? 

1682. xxi. 253. 

Keverend, Pious, Very Learned and Prudent Gentlemen, and 
Fathers in Jesus Christ: — 

Concerning the condition of our churches in ]^ew Ketherland 
I deem it necessary, to send these present lines to your Reverences. 
First, we are very grateful to your Rev. Body for the zeal and 
care, which you have bestowed upon the vacant church in jS[ew 
York, in sending the Rev. Domine Henricus Selyns, for whom they 
had asked. His gifts and manner of life are praised and lauded 
as before. During the vacancy I assisted said congregation to the 
beet of my ability. At first, I preached once a fortnight, from 
March to ITovember of last year ; but from November to August, 
in the beginning of which his Reverence arrived among us, I 
preached every week, and administered the Holy Sacraments at 
the proper times. For this I have been richly compensated by 
them. You will learn the rest from his (Selyns) letter. 

The church of 'New Albany together with that of Schenectady 
expect that the earnest desire of their souls will likewise be satis- 
fied by your Rev. Body. The church of the Esopus is, so far as 
I know, still in a good condition, under Domine Weeksteen. We 
wish we could say the same of the congregation at the South River. 
A year ago there arose a great difference between that congrega- 
tion and Domine Tesschenmaker about his annual salary. I strove 
to effect peace among them, but in vain. Yet I did obtain this 
much, that Domine Tesschenmaker went back there in October 
of last 3'ear, under his promise to strive for union and peace. The 
aame was also promised by an elder of that congTegation who was 
then at New York. This however produced no fruit, and Domine 
Tesschenmaker came back to us last spring, (1682). I cannot 
indeed say who was most at fault, but I know that the difference 
broke out with such violence and slander, that we were compelled 
to defer further negotiations for peace until the arrival of Domine 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 839 

Henricus Selyns. We thought the best that could be done in this 
matter was to persuade Domine Tesschenmaker that he should 
make an offer of peace and of the renewal of his services for a 
fair salary. This I had previously advised him to do. "Whatever 
may be the result, we hope that the end of this difficulty is near. 
It is most desirable, that they should accept his services as offered. 
If, however, this miscarries, and they have nothing else against 
him personally, except what concerns this difference, then this 
must be considered as an honorable discharge; yet this, so far, 
they have refused to give. ' 

We have also heard on good authority that through a prominent 
member of that congregation, one Jacob Coelman, formerly a 
minister, has offered his services to them on certain conditions 
unknown to me, and that he would bring over about two hundred 
and fifty of his hearers and followers. To this plan, as we have 
heard, many of the people there are inclined. In fact, so much so 
is this the case that they are said to have sent letters to the Father- 
land for the call of said Coelman. We have written to the Con- 
sistory of Albany (New Castle ?) advising against such a scandalous 
project. We have warned them not to desire the addition of such 
persons. These, on account of rejecting the Forms and the 
Liturgy of the church, or adopting other ill ways, had proved their 
unfitness for service in the Fatherland. In calling a teacher we 
told them they should appeal to your Rev. Body; indeed, that it 
would be best for them to take back their old teacher, Domine 
Tesschenmaker, and bind him to their church by a decent salary. 
We must further submit to the consideration of your Reverences, 
as we are in doubt whether our proposition would do much good, 
whether it would not be well for you yourselves to send a letter 
there (to South River), that the call to Coelman, which threatens 
evil and scandalous consequences, may not be executed, and the 
unity and general advancement of our congregations may not 
suffer a rupture. Finally, concerning our church on Long Island, 



840 Ecclesiastical Records 

we are in the same condition, as I reported in my last letter, tO' 
which I refer you. I hope that in my next I may be able to give 
a better report. I close herewith. With cordial greetings I com- 
mend your Reverences, your families and your congregations to 
God and the Word of his Grace. I remain. Rev. Fathers in Christy 
Your humble, obedient servant and brother, 
Casparus Van Zuuren, 

Minister on Long Island. 
Midwoud, : 

(Oct. ? 1682.) 

Godfridus Dellius, called as Minister to ISTew Albany. 

1682, I^ov. 11th. 

A letter was read from Rev. Godfridus Dellius, called and or- 
dained as minister for jSTew Albany. Therein he makes known 
that he had not been able to sail in the previous ship, via England, 
from Dover, since she had left before his arrival; that he had 
left his goods at Dover, and of these he had not been able to get 
possession again; that it would be expensive, and uncertain, for 
him to return by the same route, (to Holland,) in order to go 
with that ship which would now sail from here (Holland) within 
a day or so ; for she would run into the Isle of Wight, and thence 
sail to ]^ew York. He therefore requests since very soon a ship 
is expected to arrive from New York, that he may sail with her 
when she shall leave. The Assembly resolved to reply to Rev. 
Dellius seriously; thatj he should have taken better care to be 
ready to enter upon the labors which he had accepted in the Lord ; 
and that he must now use every endeavor to depart as soon as 
possible. A letter of such purport was written to him. xxi. 248. 

OF THE State of New York. 841 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. The Classis of 
Amsterdam to Kev. Godfridns Dellius, ISTov. 11, 1682. xxvii. 
159. Extract in Mints. Syn. North Holland 1683, Art. 11. 

Eev. Brother, etc. 

Yours of the 28th ult. style L. has been read before us by Kev. 
Eulaeus. From it we reluctantly perceive that you are still try- 
ing to delay the proposed journey to Albany, and the entering upon 
the service there, but that you are willing to proceed in a certain 
vessel, whose very arrival is yet uncertain. 

We are of opinion that zeal for God's house, and the service 
of the church, which you have accepted in the fear of the Lord, 
ought to have spurred you up to make all possible diligence. And 
now that the first vessel has sailed without you, you should have 
been in readiness, at any rate, for the departure of the present 
one. We are of the opinion that you are yet under obligation to 
make all diligence to that end, and under no pretext whatever, 
to delay longer from entering upon the service which you have 
accepted. He can expect small blessing who does the work of the 
Lord tardily. In the hope, then, that you will not let either time 
or opportunity pass, in which you may depart, we close, com- 
mending you to God and to the Word of his Grace. 
We remain. Rev. Brother, 

Your obedient servants and brethren. 
The Deputati ad res transmarinas, 
R. Rulaeus, p.t. Praeses. 
Amsterdam, Gault. Bodaen, p.t. Scriba. 

Nov. 11, 1682. 

Actum for the Building of a Minister's House. 

1682, Nov. 15. 
At a meeting of the Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Dutch 
Church of the City of New York, with the advice and consent of 
the undersigned, former Elders and Deacons, the necessity of pro- 



842 Ecclesiastical Records 

viding a suitable dwelling for the minister of this oongregation^ 
was taken into consideration. It was found through God's grace 
and blessing that the Deacons' treasury contained enough funds to 
build a dwelling, as well for the minister as for a Deacons' Cham- 
ber. Whereupon it was unanimously resolved that the Deacons, 
begin to build such a dwelling as soon as possible. And the Elders, 
in the name of the congregation, promise for themselves and their 
successors, to pay to the Deacons for such a house for the min- 
ister a proper rent, such as shall hereafter be equitably agreed on. 
Actum New York, Nov. 15, 1682. 

Johan. Van Brug ) Former 
Peter Jacob Marius f Elders. 

Cor. Steenwyck ^ 

Boele Eoelofszen > Elders. 

Nicholas Bayard ; 

Thos. Laurenszen 1 v 

I Jacob de Jiey ^^ 

Joh Kerfbyl ' . ( Eormer 

y Deacons. Garret Van Tricht r -j-. 

Peter de la Nov ^ , ^ .. Deacons. 

f John Darvall J 

John Harbending J 

According to the original, 

Henry Selyns. 

Thajstksgiving and Fast-Day. 

1682, Dec. 31. 

A day of special Thanksgiving, Easting and Prayer, for the 
Dutch Reformed Churches, to be observed Jan. 7, 1683. 

Honored and Beloved Special Friends and Associates : — 

Since it has pleased God the Lord in his incomprehensible favor 
and undeserved grace, to visit this Province, and especially this 
City of New York with abundant blessings; to guard the same 
from all mischiefs and misfortunes within and without; and 
chiefly — while many in other parts of the world have been dis- 
tressed and oppressed for their religious opinions — to leave us 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoek. 843 

ill the enjoyment of the pure doctrines of the Gospel and the free 
exercise thereof: 

The Consistory of the above named Church, considering these 
circumstances in the fear of the Lord, feels itself officially bound, 
after communicating with the authorities, to appoint a special day 
of Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer, to be observed eight days 
hence, that is, on Sunday January 7, 1683 : That on that day of 
rest in the new year, we may praise God and glorify his name for 
his undeserved goodness and mercy to this land in general, and 
this city and church in particular ; that we humble ourselves be- 
fore his High Majesty, and with humble and hearty prayers en- 
treat, that it may please his Fatherly goodness to bless his Royal 
Majesty of Great Britain, (Charles II), and the Duke of York^ 
(James, afterward James II), and this whole land, city and 
church, with all spiritual and temporal blessings ; to keep us in 
health, prosperity, peace and love, once given to the saints, and 
to justify us all through Christ's blood, who — God help us — 
are burdened by many sins and heaven-high transgressions, and 
in his long-suffering, ward off the judgments we deserve. 

We therefore, as interested in your welfare, earnestly entreat 
you, our faithful congregation, to observe the said day with 
Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer, and laying aside all unright- 
eousness and levity, to come in dust and ashes to the House of 
God, with thankful hearts and souls, that, together, we may call 
upon and magnify God's name, to the highest welfare of our land^ 
city and church, and especially to the salvation of our souls. 

Actum New York, in our ecclesiastical meeting, the last day of 
December, 1682. 

In our name, and by authority, 

Henry Selyns, Minister of the Gospel. 

ISTicholas Bayard ) -r^, -, 

•^ \ Elders. 

Cornells Steenwvck ; 


84:4 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Petitiok" of Madnan's I^eck Against Eev. Me. Hobart and in 
Favor of the Rev. Morgan Jones. 


To his Excellency Thomas Dongan, Governor of his Majesty's Province of New 

The humble petition of ye Inhabitants of Madnan's Neck Humbly Sheweth unto 
your Excellency that ye greatest part of us have lived upon Madnan's Neck about 
twenty yeares and have lived without any minister amongst us and at ye first 
settling of this Necke it was consented to by the Inhabitants of Hempsted that 
Madnan's Neck people should not pay to any Minister at Hempsted provided they 
would or could maintain one among themselves and whereas in ye month of June 
1682 we entertained one Mr. Morgan Jones amongst us to be our minister and were 
very well satisfied with him. But soe it is May it please your Excellency that 
Mr. Hobart that is now Minister of Hempsted did forbid the said Jones of living 
amongst us, in manner as affioresaide whereupon he was forced to goe away from 
us to our great damage and our children and whereas your Excellency was pleased 
to order ye said Mr. Hobart to come and preach amongst us once a month ye 
which he hath not performed on ye Sabboth Day the most convenient times for 
ye worship of God but he hath bin here three times on the week dayes which is 
very inconvenient for your petitioners: for in ye week days we must labour to 
Maintaine ourselves and our families notwithstanding the said Mr. Hobart Demands 
Salary for foure years of us without any benefltt that we have received by his 
ministr.v and his Collectors doth threaten to disstrain upon us for his pay and will 
we humbly conceive unles it bee prevented by your Excellency's gracious relieve. 
Now may it please your Excellency we doe not only want a minister to instruct 
ourselves but alsoe one that will instruckt our children for other wise we cannot 
expect but that Atheism or Irreligion will grow up amongst us for we have neare 
three score children upon Madnan's Neck afforesaide, and we have motioned it to 
ye saide Morgan Jones to come againe to live amongst us and find him willing to 
live amongst us again. If your Excellency think it meet your petitioners therefore 
humbly crave your Excellency to take ye premisses into your serious consideration 
and to release us from paying to ye minister at Hempsted from whome we can 
receive noe benefltt, because we live soe farr remote from Hempsted and to grant 
ye saide Mr. Morgan Jones Induction into Madnan's Neck afforesaide if your Excel- 
lency shall think it meet and convenient and your petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, etc. 

Edward Here Constable in the behalfe of the inhab- 
itants of Madnan's Neck within named. 

Petn. Inhabitants Madnan's Neck. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 211. 

Petition of Francois ]\L\rtinoij, John Boulyn and Others 
OF Staten Island Asking to be Excused from Contribiit- 


To the Right Honorable Captain Anthony Brockholst Commander in Chiefe, and 

the Honorable Councel of New Yorke, etc. 

The humble petition of Francois Martonou and Jno. Boulyn inhabitants of Staten 
Island, for themselves and in behalfe of the Major Part of the Inhabitants of said 

Most humbly shew and complaine, That at the last Court of Sessions held at 
Gravesend, your petitioners when ordered to Contribute towards the Maintaniance 
of a Certaine person called Joanes Morgan a pretended minister in orders but by 
reason of his ill life and Conversation, much doubted of by your petitioners, 

OF THE State of Isiiw York. 845 

•which said order of the Court of Sessions was obtained by the meanes of Justice 
Stilwel without any Summons given to the petitioners but only upon the misin- 
formation of the said Stilwel alledging that the Major part of the Inhabitants had 
consented thereunto, which your petitioners are reddy to malje appeare is a great 
falsehood, for soe it is that the Major part of the said Inhabitants although several 
times attempted by the said Stilwel and some few others to dispose the petitioners 
thereunto, yet the petitioners have always refused, and still do refuse, to give any 
consent to the calling or maintainance of the said Joanes; And your petitioners are 
further Informed that the said Stilwel is Empowered to make the taxe for the 
same at his discretion; and are threatened by the Constable Thomas Walton for 
to straine uppon your petitioners Estates for the same. 

"Wherefore your petitioners, do humbly Implore to your Honors humlDly request- 
ing that a Stopp may be made to the Illeagell proceedings of the said Stilwel; and 
that your Honors will please to graunt the petitioners, with the~ said Stilwel a 
hearing of the whole matter, or otherwise that the same may be remitted by way 
of an appeale to the Court of Assizes; where the petitioners doubt not but will be 
releived from the oppression of said Stilwel, and obtaine justice and equity. 

And as in duty bound shall ever pray viz. 

This is the mark M made by Francois Martinou. 

Jan boilin. 
January 15th, 1682-3. 

— Col. Docs. xiii. 567- 

Acts of the Classis cf Amsterdam. 

Letter from jSTew ^N'etherland. 

1683, Jan. 18tli. 
Eev. Deputati ad res Maritimas report that they had received 
a package of letters from 'New JSTetherland, addressed to this 
Classis. They are requested and directed to read these letters, 
make extracts therefrom, and to favor (serve) Classis with their 
advice, vii. 336; xix. 212. 

Rev. Dellius. 

1683, Jan. 19th. 

Eev. Rulaeus gave information that Eev. Dellius had indeed 
received our last; that he would gladly have complied with the 
injunction of the Deputies given him therein to depart for ISTew 
Albany as speedily as possible, via England ; but that it had been 
impossible for him to do so, because he did not have possession 
of his goods. He promised to go in the spring, with the jSrst ship, 
and to enter upon the office which he had accepted there, (in 
Albany.) xxi. 254. 


846 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Letters fkom Justice Stillwell to Seceetaky West in Re- 
lation TO the Foregoing Petition (of Francis Maetinou, 
et alt.) 

The Salary of Rev. Morgan Jones. 

Staten Island, Jan. 19, 1682-3. 

I received yours of ye ISth instant and was much Surprised when I perused ye 
inclosed Petition, but more to see ye confidence or rather ye impudence of ye Sub- 
scribers, who assume to themselves a power which I am very confident they can 
no more produce, then they are able to prove what they have in the said Petition 
■alleadged — I have discoursed with severall of ye Inhabitants of this Island since 
the receipt of yours and have not yet found one man, that knew anything of the 
Petition, either English or Dutch, and if there be any others concerned in it 
beside ye Subscribers they are onely some few of ye French and Walloons, As to 
,the matter contained in ye petition it is all false, for Mr. Morgan Jones was hired 
publiquely at a Towne Meeting, most of ye Inhabitants being present and in par- 
ticular, Francis Martino one of the Petitioners, who did then and there approve 
of the Choice as will be most easily proved; Soe did likewise the major part of ye 
rest, and afterwards at another Towne meeting the said Mr. Morgan Jones was 
againe confirmed and his salary voted to be paid him as by the enclosed will plainly 
appeare. At this Towne Meeting there were present Sixty nine of the Inhabit- 
ants; the greatest appearance I ever Saw at Such a meeting on this Island, and it 
■was carryed in favour of Mr. Jones by the Major part the Subscribers of ye 
Petition being both then there present: Afterwards the said order was presented 
to the Court of Sessions who confirmed the same and this is the whole truth of 
■the matter, I never did anything of myself but by ye good likeing and by ye appro- 
bation of the major part of the Inhabitants, neither did I ever heare that Mr. 
Jones was a person soe Scandalouse as they represent him, nor doe I know anything 
concerning his ordination but from his owne mouth, but I believe hee was quallified 
as hee ought to bee, because hee was recommended to us by Sir Edmund Andres 
'Who I presume would not knowingly encourage Soe ill a man — As to what they 
charge me withall about my being impowered to make a taxe for his payment 
according to my discretion 'tis a very great untruth for I never concerned myself 
further therein, then by my warrant to Convene the Comrs. who by the Unani- 
mouse consent of the whole Island are annually Chosen and appointed to make 
.all rates and taxes for the defraying publique Charges, and it was by them the 
Rate was made and none else. The Reasons formerly opposed against Mr. Jones 
-when his time of payment drew neere, were none of those specified in the petition: 
All that ever was alleadged against him was by the French and Dutch, who said 
■iiee not being of their Nation they could not understand him, and therefore were 
not obliged to pay an English Minister pleading the articles made with General! 
Nicolls; and in truth those are their reasons still, although in their petition they 
Cloake it with other pretences, however they were allwayes out voted and every- 
thing was concluded according to the opinion of the Major part as the Law directed. 
Thus Sir I have given you the whole truth of ye matter, and doe desyre that Cap- 
taine Brockholls and ye Councill may be therewith acquainted not doubting but 
they will take into consideration the abuse which is offered to mee, in this false 
and Scandalouse Petition, when my reputation is soe neerely Concerned, and my 
authority brought into contempt, for if such things as these are countenanced, it 
will tend to ye distruction of ye peace of this Island, which I have hitherto care- 
fully preserved and for the future will doe my endeavor to continue the same 
whilst it is committed to my Charge, having noe reason but to hope I shall be 
justified in all my lawfull actings by their Authority — If my presence bee needful 
at New Yorke upon advice given mee I shall be there, and am ready to conflrme 
what I have here writt by sufiicient evidence in the meantime it is my humble 
Request to the Councell that noe stop may be put to our proceedings in this 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 847 

business for Mr. Jones hath beene long out of his money: wants it extreamiy and 
'tis a great shame hee is not yet paid, having honestly performed his part, Pray 
give my humble Service to Captain Brockholls and accept the same yourself from 
Your affectionate friend and humble Servant, 

Richard Stilwell. 

Mr. West. 

I wrote you at large on the 19th of this instant in answer to yours of the 15th 
but the badnesse of ye weather hath not afforded an opportunity of conveyance, 
Since which I have heard that ye Petitioners have made it their business to send 
round ye Island to perswade ye people to deny their former act and deed, con- 
cerning Mr. Jones with promises if they would soe doe that they should pay him 
nothing, and otherwise telling them that they must pay a great deal more than 
they really ought to pay; I am greatly troubled at such proceedings and now 
hope that ye Councell will consider how much I am hereby affronted, and by 
their authority put a stop to such irregular dealings which will be acljnowledged 
as an obligation by Sr. Your friend and servant, 

Richard Stillwell. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. xiil. 567, 568. 
Statten Island, Jan. 24th 1682-3. 
This for Mr. West, Secretary att New Yorke. 

Instructions of James, the Duke of York to Governor 


1683, Jan. 27. 

Extracts, relating to an " Assembly " for New Yor'^^ which established Freedom 
of Religion; and to ^^orals. 


You are also with advice of my Couy^^,jjj ^j(.jj ^11 convenient speed after your 
arrivall there, in my name to issue o'^^ Writts or Warrants of Sumons to ye sev- 
erall Sheriffes or other proper Of^-^gj.g jjj every part of your said government 
wherein you shall express that ^^ ^^^^^ thought fltt that there shall be a Generail 
Assembly of all the Freehold/ /^.^ ^^ ^j^^ persons who they shall choose to rep- 
resent them in order to ^o^sulting with yourselve and the said Counclll what 
laws are fltt and necessf-«_^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^ and established for the good weale and 
government of the sai^ j^ Dependencyes, and of all the inhabitants 

thereof, & you shall .^^^^f ^ the said Writt or Sumons at least thirty dayes 
before the time ^\.C,'^Z\Tyl meeting of the said Assembly, which time and 
also the place of .t^f^ttmg (wMch I Lend shall be in New York) shall alsoe 
be menconed &.9 ^%ZZ\ntUe said Writt or Sumons, and you with advice on 
my said Counc ..."^Pf '' take care to issue out soe many writts or sumons and to 
such Officers, . .^"^^'/./^X not exceeding eighteen, soe that the planters or inhab^ 
itants of ev . '^ "^'t of ye said government may have convenient notice thereof 
and attend ^^^ ^ ^l „ J ,* th^v shall thinke fltt. And when the said Assem- 
bly soe el a-/f;^\f;^;f ;"^,f ^ directed, you shall let them 
know that ^fjXTLT^ell my'resolution that ye said Generail Assembly shall 
have l^^OY^^l'^XZlxt and debate among themselves all --"ers as sy,aU ^e 
appreher - "'J^^^'^.s' ^^ ^.„u^•,ch^fl fnr laws for the good government ot tne 
said Corded proper to be ^''^'"'^''^^^^'1'^'^^^^^^ if such laws shall be pro- 
pounds, lo^y °f New Yorke and ^/P^^^J^JJf 'j^f ^^^Jest good of the Country in 
general tO 13 shall appeare to ^^^^o be for the manifest g ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ 

rT berd%nacrg"a ;Tu V aws'as sM^be^alreed unto by the said Assembly 
T::\ m haf; e'aned by the name of the Generail A-embly of -^ Colony of 

,. ^)e a^e and its Dependencyes wherein the same shall be (as I doe hereoy 
'''^''° they shall be) presented to you for your assent thereunto. 


848 Ecclesiastical Records 

You are to take care that drunkennesse and debauchery swearing and blasphemy- 
be discountenanced and punished, and that none be admitted to publique trust 
and employment whose ill fame and conversation may bring scandall thereupon. 
You are to give all due encouragement and invitacon to merchants and others who 
shall bring trade unto your government and Inhabitants or any way contribute 
to their advantage.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 331, 332. 

Confirmation of Mr. Jeremiah Hobbart to be Minister of 


By the Commander in Chiefe. Upon Representation made by the Constable 
and Overseers in the Behalfe of the Towne of Hempsted that Mr. Jeremiah Hob- 
bart was and is by the Major Parte of the Inhabitants of the said Towne Chosen 
and Appointed to be Minister there for which Desireing my Confirmacon, These 
are to Certifle that the said Jeremiah Hobbart is hereby allowed and Confirmed 
Minister of the said Towne accordingly in the Performance and Exercise of which 
function he is to Conforme himselfe according to Law. Given under my Hand 
in New Yorke this Twenty sixth Day of Aprill 1683. 

January 31st 1682/3. (1683) 

A Lycence of Marriage was Granted to Jeremiah Hubbard of Jemeca on Long 
Island and Rebecca Brush of Huntington. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 120. 

Letter from Messrs. Yan Euyven and Hoornberg, Commis- 
sioned BY THE Church oF 'N^w York, to Call a Minister. 

To the Eeverend Consistory of the Dutcli Churcli at N"ew York 

Reverend, Godly and Learned Sirs : — \ 

Your letter of October 30th, 1682, by t^e ship " 'Rew York " 
has reached us, and we send these few lines iJ^ i*eply. It is very 
pleasant to us to learn of the safe arrival of Mr! .^Selyns, and the 
enjoyment which you and the congregation have in I'^is person and 
work. This satisfies us for all our efforts in fur#ering this 
enterprise. We hope that God the Lord will long prt^serve him 
in health that he may render much service to the Church of Jesus 
Christ. ^ 

The contents of the letters which you sent to meet yc'^^ ^^^' 
bursements, and the interest on the same which you kindly "added, 
we have received, and with this money have fully dischargee 1 your 
account. In case there are any further matters in which v/® ^^^ 
serve you, be pleased to command us freely. Wishing yo^^ ^-^-^ 
health, blessing and prosperity, upon yourselves and all ^your 

OF THE State of JSTew Yokk. 849 

labors, we coTmnend you to God's safe keeping, and with cordial 

greetings, we remain, 

Your affectionate friends and servants, 

Cornelis Van Eujven 
Gillis Hoornberg 
Tobias Hoornberg 


April 30, 1683. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the church of 'New Castle, Dela- 
ware, July, 1683. xxvii. 166. 

Reverend and Dearly Beloved Brethren in Christ Jesus at New 
Castle : — 

The Classis of Amsterdam, having understood that animosities 
have arisen in the church of New Castle, cannot refrain from 
expressing sorrow for the same, and a heart felt solicitude lest 
this outbreak should result in evident loss not only to the church 
of l^ew Castle, but to the churches of ISTew Netherland in general. 
It is a great evil when one is overwhelmed with misfortune, be- 
cause another is quarrelsome. The body of the church thereby 
becomes powerless, for the Unity of the Spirit is not preserved 
through the Bonds of Peace. It is also much to be feared that 
by such means our Church may be deprived of her liberty. We 
know that che churches of iN^ew IsTetherland are at present under 
the dominion of the English nation; and we also know what 
efforts are at present being put forth at London to extend the 
Episcopal form of government everywhere. Yea, we are informed 
that there are now commissioners at London from New I^Tether- 
land to I'equest the establishment of Episcopacy among you. This 
may be accomplished with far more propriety, if there appear 
to be a special necessity for it, in order to quiet excitement in 
your (ihurches by Episcopal authority. But how sad would it 


850 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

be for Christians of the True Eeformed Faith to give the least 
occasion for such a change. Thereby the liberty of the Church 
would be curtailed, and the purity of religious services be endan- 
gered. A church would then no longer be permitted to choose such 
a pastor as they wished, but would be obliged to receive such a 
one as was sent to them. 

Therefore, beloved brethren, our Classical Assembly beseeches 
you, for the love of Christ, and for the sake of the fellowship of 
the saints, that you become of one mind, and exercise towards 
one another all Christian love, which is the bond of perfectness; 
and that as you have, until now, conformed unto the Order of 
the Churches of the Fatherland, that you will henceforth continue 
to do the same. Do not undertake, in ecclesiastical matters, any- 
thing of importance which savors of change without first commu- 
nicating with the Classis of Amsterdam. Expecting this from 
you, we commend you to God and the Word of his Grace. 
With Christian greetings, we remain, 
Eev. and Beloved Brethren^ 

Your Reverences Affectionate Brethren in Christ, 

G. Bodaen, 
B. Homoet, 
— .Hertogh, 

S. V; Westerhoff. 

July, 1683. 

Petitiojst feom Madistan's Neck Relative to Theiic Meeting 


To His Excellency Col. Thomas Dongan, Lieutenant Governor and Vice Admirall 
under his Royall Majesty King James the Second, etc., of his Province of New 
Yorke and Dependancyes in America etc., and to the Honorable Counsell. 

The Humble Peticon of the Inhabitants of Madnan's Neck most humbly sheweth 
to your Excellency and Honorable Council: 

That your petitioners in January 1683 obteyned an order from your Excellency 
and Council that the Inhabitants of Hempsted, should bee obliged to have your 
petitioners at their Town Meetings, and that the minister of Hempsted should 
come sometimes amongst us to Preach and Instruct us an*i our Children in ye 

OF THE State of New York. 851 

<iuties of Christianity etc., and tliat the Town of Hempsted shall allow your p.eti- 
tioner Liberty of Comonage for our horses and cattle proportionable to the Lands 
we have purchased etc. 

Now may it please your Excellency and Honorable Council since which order 
the Towne of Hempsteed have built Meeting Houses and Towne Houses and have 
Rated your petitioners to beare a part of said charge. 

Now the distance from our Neck to Hempsted being so farr your petitioners 
could not convey ourselves and families to saide Towne to have the benefltt and 
Instruction of said Minister. 

Whereupon your petitioners did build a house for to entertaine said Minister 
to Preach, which in three yeares time came but once amongst us and then we had 
no notice of it: But sent us word another time that hee would come. But did 
not; at which time about thirty attended that Day in expectation of his coming. 

Which may it please your Excellency and Honorable Council, had he come once 
a month or oftener amongst us: wee your petitioners and each of us should have 
freely contributed to him which wee could to our abillityes: Or if in case for the 
futer said minister will come to us once a month or attend the order wee shall 
bee willing to contribute to him. 

The premisses Being considered your petitioners humbly craves that your Excel- 
lency and Honorable Council would bee pleased to order the Inhabitants of said 
Towne of Hempsted to beare a pte. of ye Charge of ye Meeteing House wee have 
built on our Necke (as well as wee to beare pte. of theirs erected and built In 
their Towne) and that in reguard said minister hath not performed his duty accord- 
ing to ye order in Council that your petitioners shall not bee obliged to allow him 
anything for the time past. 

And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray etc. 

May it please your Excellency and honourable Council that the Meeting Houses 
and Towne Houses at Hempsted was erected and built before ye order in Council 
was issued out (which In ye above peticon was mist written) and your petitioners 
humble Request is that the Inhabitants of Hempsted may be ordered to allow us 
their portion of charge for ye house built to entertaine ye minister at Madnan's 
Neck with ye prayer above desired. Concerning ye minister's pay; and myself e 
in behalfe of ye towne shall ever pray who has hereunto subscribed as well for 
ye Generall, as himselfe in pticular. 

The marke (Y) of Christopher Yeamans. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 211, 212. 

Synod of ISToeth Holland, at Hooen. 

1683, July 26 et seq. 
Art. 11. Extracts from Foreign Letters. 


The Classis of Amsterdam handed over to Svnod the following 
Extracts from the letters from foreijm lands : 


Extract from a letter from Rev. Selyns, of ISTew York, October 

28, 1682. 

1. He laments, that on account of his hasty departure, he 
could not take leave of the Rev. Classis. 

2. He gives a brief account of his voyage to ISTew York. 

852 Ecclesiastical Kecobds 


3. He states "witli what tokens of gladness lie was received hy 
the congregation. He had delivered our letter to them. 

4. The Consistory consisted of eight persons. Services had 
been carefully conducted by Kev. van Suren (Zuuren) before his 

5. Since his arrival, he had begun to preach three times per 
week, with such great increase of hearers, that it was thought 
they must either provide for more room, or else build a church. 
The members numbered six hundred. 

6. The people of Bergen, a village across the river, had re- 
quested him to render them also some service. He had agreed 
to preach there three times per year, on Mondays, both in the 
forenoon and in the afternoon, and to administer the Commu- 
nion. He hoped to found a new church there, [hoopende daer een 
nieuwe kerck te stichten,] as there were one hundred and thirty 
four members on the ground already. They were otherwise wont 
to come to 'New York, as did also the people of Haarlem ; but he 
had also promised to preach to the latter once a year, at the 
installation of Elders and Deacons. These people, according to 
an agreement of June 19, 1672, had sent a double number (of 
names) to the Consistory of ISTew York, to choose therefrom a 
single set. 

7. Furthermore: among the il^etherlanders, in that entire coun- 
try, there were no differences in the ecclesiastical government, 
and the churches had peace, and were edified. 

8. The English inhabitants of New York used the same church- 
building as the Dutch. They had no minister, but only a reader. 
He read the Common Prayer Book; and there was a clergyman, 
who did not preach, but baptized and married in the homes. 

9. There was also a Lutheran church. The minister lived in 
I^Tew York in the summer, and at I^ew Albany in the winter. 

10. There were also in New York, Jews, Quakers, and Laba- 

OF THE State of !N^ew Yokk. 853 

11. On account of the age of Eev. Scliaats, things were in a 
bad condition in the Church of IsTew Albany. 

12. On Long Island the churches were prospering under the 
zeal of Rev. van Suren (Zuuren). 

13. But at ISTew Castle the church was in great peril, through 
some misunderstanding which had arisen between Rev. Tesschen- 
maker and the congregation; especially, because Jacob Coelman 
had offered his services there, and to whom also one of the mem- 
bers is said to have written. But the Consistory of ISTew York, 
by writing, had proffered them their advice for the preservation 
of peace, and had counseled them to consult our Classis in regard 
to Coelman. He requests our Classis to do all that is possible 
to hinder Coelman from going thither. 

14. Therewith he concludes, commending the Classis to God. 

15. He then makes known in a Postscript, that the Church of 
New York had received an answer to their letter of October 8/18 
from ISTew Castle. They thank the said church for their advice. 
They further announce that Rev. Tesschenmaker had been dis- 
missed by them, and which fact had already been written to 
Coelman. Sluyter* went there under the name of Vosman, and 
Coelman, it is said, under the name of Guilliam Germonpre. 

Extract from a letter from j!!s^ew York, written by the Consistory, 
October 30, (1682,) signed by the Elders and Deacons. 

1. Ours w^as duly handed to them by Rev. Selyns, who had ar- 
rived there, and had been received with complete satisfaction. 

2. They praise his zeal in preaching and Catechising, and hope 
to respond to the same with gratitude. 

3. Further: they are much obliged for the faithful care and 
diligence which the Classis of Amsterdam has been pleased to 
exercise in this call, and in sending over such a man; and trust 
for a blessing upon the deliberations taken. 

* One of the Labadists who wrote the Journal, 1679. 



854 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

4. They make known the deplorable condition of the church 
of IsTew Castle, on account of the misunderstanding between the 
said church and their minister, Rev. Tesschenmaker. They con- 
clude with salutations. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Tesschenmaker, written at ISTew 
York and of the same date. (October 30, 1682.) 

He states that he had been exercising the ministry in that 
land, at Esopus, since the year 1678, when Rev. Lambertus Gaas- 
beeck arrived. 

2. He complains, that after he had undertaken the pastoral 
office on the South River, October 31, 1679, the payment of his 
salary became continually worse and worse, until finally, it be- 
came so small that he could not subsist on it. This was not im- 
proved, notwithstanding his constant complaints. Wherefore he 
found himself compelled to go to New York and New Albany, to 
complain thereof; especially, because during the past winter he 
had been treated so badly. Scarcely a dwelling place was left for 
him, and no hope of improvement was held out. Neither could 
he obtain his dismissal. 

3. But notwithstanding all these previous inconveniences, he 
had still offered his services to that church for four hundred 
bushels of wheat per annum, and free board. Yet whatever en- 
deavors had been made to that end, even by other churches, had 
all turned out in vain. The church persisted in this : that they 
neither could nor would stipulate for a fixed salary. 

4. Thereunto they were especially encouraged, because Jacobus 
Coelman, in a letter to (or of: van) Arnold Lable, had offered 
his services there; whereupon it was resolved to invite him. 

5. Thereupon, after making a request that we would ponder 
these reasons of action with and concerning his church, we would 
help defend his good name, he concludes with a wish for God's 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 855 

A Lettee feom Rev. Schaets of New Albany, Septembee 25, 


1. He makes known that he had dulj received our last letter. 

2. He thanks us for our wish for the divine blessing upon 
his old age, his person and ministry; and prays for the same 
upon the churches of our Classis. 

3. He desires, according to the promise made by Mr. de Wolf, 
that a capable minister may come over, as soon as possible, to 
assist him in his old age. Therewith he concludes with saluta- 

A letter from the Magistracy of New Albany, October 12, 1682. 

1. Ours of April 6th, had been duly delivered to them. 

2. They thank the Classis for all the endeavors put forth to 
procure them a capable minister, in addition to Rev. Schaets, with 
the request to be pleased to continue therein; inasmuch as Rev. 
Schaets, on account of his extreme age and feebleness, can 
scarcely be heard any more; yet the congregation is daily increas- 

3. Furthermore, they promise that the preacher who shall be 
sent to them shall be well treated. They conclude with saluta- 

A letter from Rev. van Suren (Zuuren) of Long Island, written 
from Midwout. (October ? 1682?) 

1. He thanks the Rev. Classis that Rev. Selyns had been per- 
suaded, and sent by it, to the people of New York. 

2. He states how that, before the arrival of Rev. Selyns, he 
had supplied the church of New York both by preaching and in 
the administration of the Lord's Supper. 

3. The church of New Albany and Schenectady await with 
longing, that their desire also may be fulfilled, in obtaining a 


856 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

4. The people of Esopus, under the ministry of Rev. Week- 
steen, were in reasonably good condition. 

5. But the church on the South River v/as not so fortunate, by 
reason of trouble between them and Rev. Tesschenmaker. JSTot- 
withstanding many endeavors to re-establish rest and peace had 
been put forth, it had not been possible to allay these troubles, 
although Rev. Tesschenmaker had offered to serve them, at a low 
figure. Wherefore they had dismissed him. 

6. He makes known further that Jacobus Coelman had offered 
his services at South River, through a prominent member, with 
a promise that he would bring two hundred and fifty families 
with him. Thereupon letters had already been sent to Coelman, 
notwithstanding this church had been admonished and warned 
by him, (Van Zuuren), that he had requested them to defer a 
call to our Classis. 

Y. The church, under his o^vn ministry, (Kings County, Long 
Island) was still in the same condition as before. Therewith he 
concludes with salutations. 

Ministerial Changes. 

Sent to the East Indies: ' 

Sent to New ]^etherland , 

Sent Rev. Godfridus Dellius, of (to) ISTew Albany, in 'New 


Art. 25. The Labadists and Coelman. 

Ad Art. 26. Treating of the Labadists, as also of Jacobus Coel- 
man: The respective Classes have related, how each, in its own 
vicinity, are keeping watch against both. Good care against both 
is yet earnestly recommended to them. 

OF THE State of 'New York. 85^ 

Early ISTegotiations with the Rev. jMr. Dellius. 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany Aug. 6, 1683. 

The W. Commissaries assembled in consequence of the arrival of Che new Min- 
ister Domine Godefridus Dellius who reached here on the 2nd instant pursuant 
to the request and letters of this Court to the Venerable Classis of Amsterdam. 

And whereas by consent and approval of this Comonality a second Domine is 
sent for to assist the old Domine Schaets, it is therefore resolved to call the con- 
gregation together to enquire of them in a friendly manner how much they will 
from their own Liberality and good inclination contribute to the maintenance of 
the said Domine Godefridus Dellius whereupon the following Burghers have freely 
contributed to the salary of said Domine Godfridus Dellius, and that for the term 
of one year. 

(Here follows a list of one hundred and forty five names with subscriptions 
amounting to three hundred and fifty pieces of 8, (or three hunilred and fifty 

Whereon Domine Godefridus Dellius is sent for and he is asked if he hath any 
further letters or documents besides what he had delivered to the Court, especially 
the Notarial contract dated 20 July 1682 executed in Amsterdam by the Notary 
Public David Staffmaker Verlett whereby the Domine was accepted for the term 
of four years, beginning as soon as the ship, in which he would leave Amsterdam, 
had been gone to sea outside Texel, and that for the sum of eight hundred guilders 
a year, payable in Beavers at eight gl. each or six hundred skepels of wheat, at 
the option of said Domine Dellius, besides a free house; but should he, the Domine 
marry, his salary should be increased one hundred gl. beavers, but as his Rever- 
ence was so unfortunate that the ship in which he was to take his passage sailed 
from Dover on the very day his Reverence arrived in London, so that his Reverence 
was obliged to return to Holland and put to sea again last April, with Jan Gorter, 
with whom he is now arrived. 

Their Worships find that in further elucidation of said general Contract the 
Agents Rykd. van Rensselaer and Abel de Wollfif and said Domine agreed that 
his term of Oflice shall commence on the day when Henry Bier went last year to 
sea, as his Reverence was then ready to leave; his term commencing on the 15th 
August 1682 and ending on the 15th August 1686, but with the express condition 
that his salary shall not date earlier than the day his Reverence put to sea with 
Skipper Jan Gorter: And whereas we have been advised by letters from our cor- 
respondents that his Reverence is not wholly satisfied about his salary being in 
Beavers or Wheat knowing nothing about such things, and imagines such is greatly 
to his prejudice, whereupon said Rensselaer and De Wollfif have wrilten to us in 
his behalf, requesting that the payment of his salary may be made as nearly as 
possible in Holland currency. 

Therefore, their said Worships maturely considering the contribution as well as 
the clause In the aforesaid notarial contract, to the effect that should Domine 
Schaets die meanwhile, the aforesaid Domine Dellius should receive the same 
salary as Domine Schaets had and enjoyed, allow Domine Dellius aforesaid the 
sum of Three hundred pieces of Eight or one hundred and forty Beavers being 
fl. 1200 in Beavers, which is two hundred guilders in Beavers more than Domine 
Schaets ever had or received, as a testimony of their good disposition towards 
him and especially for his Teaching with which their Worships and the congre- 
gation declare themselves well satisfied, doubting not but his Reverence will be 
specially content, it being three hundred gl. above the Notarial contract. 

The Magistrates further resolve that if they can obtain anything more, either 
from the Governor or congregation, the said Domine shall be remembered. And 
Mr. Marte Gerritse and Com. Van Dyck communicate this to his Reverence. 

Pieter Schuyler and Albert Ryckmans Deacons are authorized to receive the new 
Domine's Money, and to keep account thereof. 

Domine Dellius informs the Magistrates, through the Secretary, that he shall 
adhere to his Notarial contract — that is as second minister of Albany — and that 
for such sum as the Magistrates allow him; but presumes their Worships pay little 



858 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

regard to the Recommendation of the Agents who requested them to pay the salary 
agreed on in Holland currency; and expresses himself not over satisfied with the 
Magistrates resolution regarding the fixing his salary at three hundred pieces of 
eight.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 535, 536. 


Extraordinary Court holden at Albany, Aug. 13, 1683. 

The Magistrates are again met to fix the salary of Domine Godefridus Dellius, 
and the contribution of the congregation being calculated, it was resolved that 
said Domine Dellius shall enjoy yearly the sum of nine hundred guilders Holland 
currency payable in pieces of eight a forty eight stivers each, or in Merchantable 
Beavers counted a Two pieces of eight each, and that his Reverence shall receive 
his money quarterly on condition that if Domine Schaets should grow feeble or 
die, Domine Dellius shall perform the whole duty. 

His Reverence is further told that if the Magistrates should agree with the 
Inhabitants of Schinnectady regarding Divine Service to be performed there, either 
once a month or once in six weeks, said Dellius shall take his turn with Domine 
Schaets to edify said congregation, without being paid additional for it, as such sum 
of money shall be for the benefit of this congregation. 

Domine Dellius is further informed that their Worships desire to be satisfied 
about the time of the Domine's sojourn here, as his contract mentions only four 
years, whereupon Domine Dellius gives the Magistrates for answer, that he cannot 
tell what extraordinary things may happen; but his intention and disposition are 
to remain here with this congregation, wherewith the Court is fully satisfied. 

Resolved that a letter be written to the Venerable, Pious, and very Learned 
the Ministers and members of the very Rev. the Classis of Amsterdam assembled 
at Amsterdam, sincerely thanking their Rev. for their Fatherly care in sending 
over the Rev. Pious and Learned Domine Godefridus Dellius, with whom th# 
Congregation is highly pleased. i 

Resolved, also to write to Sieur Richd. Van Rensselaer and Sieur Abel De Wolff 
to thank them heartily for the trouble they have taken, in finding out the Rev. 
Pious and Learned Domine Godefridus Dellius who arrived here on the 2nd instant, 
to the great joy of every one, and whose preaching was heard with the greatest 
satisfaction and contentment. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 536, 537. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

TJie Church of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam, Aug. 13, 
1683. xxi. 278. Mints. Syn. North Holland, 1684, Art. 12. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned Gentlemen and Brothers in Christ 
Jesus : — 
The letter of your Reverences, dated the 23rd of July 1682, 
was duly received by us on the 2nd of August 1683. We learned 
therefrom of your pious efforts in making provision for the Church 
of God. It is commanded to you, in Jesus Christ, to keep the 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 859 

ciiurch safely. You have given us certain proof of this in send- 
ing over Rev. Very Pious and Learned Domine Godevriedus Del- 
lius, who has become acceptable to us in Christ Jesus, as a ser- 
vant and messenger of God in this Christian congregation. For 
this we, as a Consistory, are very grateful to your Pious and 
Very Learned Reverences, and we pray God Almighty, that he 
will be pleased to keep you under his holy protection unto salva- 
tion. Amen. 

Whereas Domine Gideon Schaats is not present, having gone to 
another place of business, this letter is not signed by him. 

Marten Gertsen, Elder. 

Peter Bogardus, Elder. 

Peter Schuyler, 

Albert Ryckman. 
Albany, •■ 

the 13th of 
August 1683. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Godfrey Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, August 14/24, 


mw Aloany, the 14/24 of August, 1683. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned Gentlemen and Brethren, in 
Christ: — 
After having sailed from the Texel on the 9th of May, IST. S., 
we arrived safely at Dover (Douvren) on the 11th, and remained 
there until the 30th. After preaching there in the English church, 
we went to sea again. I was quite sick during the whole passage, 
yet by the favor of God, I attended to the service of prayer, every 
morning and evening, and preached on Sundays. We are grate- 
ful for God's special kindness, in giving us a short and agreeable 
passage. We arrived at 'New York on the 28th of July. Here 
Domine Selyns did me the honor to receive me, and Domine van 
Zuuren to call on me. I made haste to reach ISTew Albany, and 



860 Ecclesiastical Records 

arrived here on tlie 12th of August. The Honorable Magistrates, 
and the members of the Consistory — Domine Schaats was ab- 
sent, having gone to ISTew York to enter upon a second marriage 
there — received me vrith every courtesy. I gave to them and 
to the Rev. Consistory the letters of your Rev. Assembly, with 
which they declared themselves to be very much pleased. I also 
communicated to the Honorable Magistrates the salary contract 
made with me, to be payable in beavers or in wheat. At the 
same time I expressed the displeasure I experienced about it while 
yet in Holland ; and that the Messrs. Richard van Rensselaer and 
Abel de Wolff had further agreed, over their own signature and 
before my departure that it should not be paid in beavers or in 
wheat, but in Holland money, which can easily be done here be- 
cause of the great abundance of Pieces-of-eight. The Honorable 
Magistrates seeing this, promised and admitted it. At present 
I cannot give any details concerning my church, as Domine 
Schaats has not yet returned. Meanwhile I have begun to take 
charge of the Sunday and week-day services. I pray God that he 
will please to bless them, and that the kingdom of Christ may 
daily be more and more extended. I commend your Reverences 
to God Almighty's protection, and am. 

Your humble servant and brother in Christ, 

G. Dellius. 

(The Pieces-of-eight, refer to the Spanish piaster, consisting of 
eight reals, worth about one dollar each.) 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 861 

The Magistrates of Albany to the Classis of Ajnsterdam. Au- 
gust 15, 1683, O. S. 

Albany in the Province of New 
York in America, the 15th of 
August 1683, O. S. 

Eeverend, Pious and Very Learned, the Ministers and Members 
of the Reverend Classis of Amsterdam: 

Grace and Peace of God, the Father, and Jesus Christ, our 
Lord and Savior be with your Eeverences, Amen! 

We received your letter of the 6th of April 1682 on the 20th 
of August of the same year; also your last letter of the 23rd of 
July 1682, which was handed to us by the Rev. Pious and Very 
Learned Domine Godevridus Dellius, who arrived here to our 
great joy on the 2nd inst. He has already preached five times, 
as old Domine Gideon Schaats is at present in New York, and 
has given great pleasure and satisfaction, not only to us, but also 
to the whole community. We cannot keep silent over all this, 
but must bring our offering of gratitude to the Rev. Classis and 
to others who have been pleased to send such a faithful minister 
to our congregation, as the assistant of our old Domine Gideon 
Schaats. Dellius will take charge, as our regular pastor alone, 
of all the church services after his (Schaats) decease. We are 
already sufficiently assured of his gifts and ability, and we can- 
not, indeed, be thankful enough to God Almighty for his favor 
in sending us such a man; nor to your Reverences as the prin- 
cipal instrument therein. We recognize our good fortune to be 
placed under such foster fathers, who have taken such holy and 
wise care of this, God's church and congregation, although so 
far from the Patherland. 

We informed the Reverend Classis, that we had fij^ed the salary 
at eight hundred florins, in beavers, with free house rent, without 
diminishing the salary of our old Domine Gideon Schaats. Ac- 
cording to these terms our agents made a contract with Domine 



862 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Dellius. But we learned afterwards that beavers were low in 
price, and we thought therefore, that it would be to his disadvan- 
tage. We found out also that he was not very well satisfied. 
We therefore, upon our agents recommendation, fij^ed the salary 
at nine hundred florins, Holland Currency, with free house. With 
this he showed great satisfaction as you will further learn from 
his letter. Indeed, he is so well pleased, that although his con- 
tract mentions only four years, he has promised us, not to leave 
the congregation, unless something extraordinary should happen. 
We have no doubt but that there will be such good harmony be- 
tween his Reverence and the congregation, that it will be the 
means of drawing in those, who are still wandering in the blind- 
ness of Popery and other errors. Indeed, we find that some of 
these now attend our service, who hitherto paid little attention 
to it. 

Last year we learned of the misfortune, that the ship destined 
for the transportation of his Reverence, sailed from Dover 
(Doevres) on the same day that he arrived in London; so that he 
was compelled to return to Holland. But God be praised, he has 
now arrived in life and in good health. May the Lord preserve 
him to this congregation for many years, and may he be enabled 
to build up a flourishing congregation in this wilderness of 
America. May the Lord of hosts reward your Reverences for the 
good work, which you have done for our congTegation. It will be 
an obligation yet to be acknowledged by our childrens children. 
Beseeching you to remember us in your prayers, we commend 
you to God and the Word of his Grace; and with our respects, 
we remain. 

Reverend, Pious, Very Learned Gentlemen, 
Tour willing servants. 

The Magistrates of Albany, in the Colony 
of Rensselaerswyck, etc. 
By their order, Cornells van Dyck. 

Robert Livingston, Jan Janszen Bleecker. 


OF THE State of New York. 863 

Tlie Clinrcli of Schenectady to Rev. Henry Selyns of New York, 
Sept. M, 1683. xxi. 237. Mints. Syn. K Holland 1684, 
Art. 11. 

To the Reverend, Pious, Very Learned Domine Henricus Selyns, 
Minister at New York. 

Schenectady, the 24th of Sept. 1683. 
Reverend Domine Selyns and Dear Friend: — 

Your favor of the 12th of September last was duly received, 
and we learn therefrom of your sincere zeal and continued en- 
deavors to obtain a pastor for our place. Truly, Rev. Sir, we are 
well satisfied and very grateful to you for all your efforts, as well 
as your remarks about the salary. 

We think it necessary to stipulate that we cannot bind our- 
selves for more than one hundred beavers, and there we must 
cry, Halt, until circumstances shall permit a change. At the 
same time we acknowledge the scarcity of candidates, but that 
may also change. 

No more, except that we commend you and your family to the 
grace and protection of God Almighty. 

Your Reverence's affectionate friends. 

The Commissioners, the Elders and Deacons 
of Schenectady, 
Jan van Eps 
Meyndert Wemp 
Johannes Pootman (Poolman?) 
By their order 

Ludovicus Cobes, Secretary. 

I, the undersigned, certify, that the congregation of Sche- 
nechtade has resolved to give, besides the one hundred beavers 
to their minister, also free rent and free fuel, as his yearly salary 
and maintenance. Reyer Jacobse Schermerhorn, 

Representative of Schenechtade 
New York, in the General Assembly. 

October 25, 1683. 



864 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

" The Charter of Libertys a^s-d Privileges Granted by His 
Royal Highness to the Inhabitants of Xew York and its 

(Passed Oct. 30, 16S3.) 

■' For the better establishing the Government of this Province of New Yorli, and 
that Justice and Bight may bee equally done to all persons within the same: Bee 
it enacted by the Governor, Councill, and Representatives now in general assembly, 
mett and assembled, and by the authority of the same, 

" Thatt the Supreme legislative Authority under his Majesty and Royal Highnesse 
James, Duke of York, Albany, etc. Lord proprietor of the said Province, shall 
forever be and reside in a Governor, councell and the people, mett in a generall 

" Thatt, according to the usage, custom, and practice of the Realm of England, 
a session of a generall assembly bee held in this Province once in three years at 

" That every Freeholder within this Province, and freeman in any Corporacon, 
shall have his free choice and vote in the Electing of the Representatives, without 
any manner of constraint or imposition, and that in all Elections the Majority of 
Voices shall carry it, and by freeholders is understood every one who is so under- 
stood according to the laws of England. 

As to Religion: 

" Thatt no person or persons, which profess faith in God by Jesus Christ, shall 
at any time, be any ways molested, punished, disquieted, or called in question for 
any difference in opinion or matter of religious concernment, who do not actually 
disturb the civill peace of the Province, butt thatt all and every such person or 
persons may, from time, and at all times freely have and fully enjoy, his or their 
judgements or consciences in matters of religion throughout all the Province, they 
behaving themselves peaceably and quietly, and nott using this liberty to Licen- 
tiousnesse, nor to the civill injury or outward disturbance of others. 

Provided always, Thatt this liberty, or anything conteyned therein to the con- 
trary, shall never be construed or improved to make void the settlement of any 
public Minister on Long Island, whether such settlement be by two thirds of the 
voices in any Towne thereon, which shall always include the minor part; or by 
subscriptions of perticular inhabitants in said townes; Provided, they are the two 
thirds thereof: Butt thatt all such agreements, covenants and subscriptions thatt 
are there already made and had, or thatt hereafter shall be in this manner con- 
sented to, agreed and subscribed, shall att all time and times hereafter, bee firm 
and stable: 

And in confirmation hereof, it is enacted by the Governor, Councell, and Repre- 
sentatives, That all such sums of money so agreed on, consented to, or subscribed 
as aforesaid, for maintenance of said public ministers, by the two thirds of any 
towne on Long Island, shall always include the minor part, who shall bee regulated 
thereby: and also such subscriptions and agreements as are beforemenconed, are 
and shall be always ratifyed, performed and payed, and if any towne of said 
Island, in their public capacity of agreement with any such minister or any per- 
ticular persons, by their private subscriptions as aforesaid, shall make default, 
deny, or withdraw from such payments so covenanted to, agreed upon, and sub- 
scribed, thatt in such case, upon complaint of any Collector appointed and chosen 
by two thirds of such towne upon Long Island, unto any Justice of that County, 
upon his hearing the same, he is hereby authorized, empowered, and required to 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 865 

issue out his warrant unto the constable or his deputy, or any other person ap- 
pointed for the collection of said rates or agreement, to levy upon the goods and 
chattells of said delinquent or defaulter, all such sums of money so covenanted and 
agreed to be paid, by distresse, with costs and charges, without any further suit 
in law, any law, custom or usage to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding;, 
Provided always, the said sum or sums bee under forty shillings, otherwise to be 
recovered as the law directs. 

" And whereas all the respective Christian Churches now in practice within the 
City of New York, and the other places of this Province, do appear to be privileged 
Churches, and have been so established and confirmed by the former authority of 
this Government; Bee it hereby enacted by this present Generall Assembly, and 
by the Authority thereof. That all the said respective Christian Churches be hereby 
confirmed therein, and thatt they and every of them shall from henceforth, forever, 
be held and reputed as privileged Churches, and enjoy all their former freedomes 
of their religion in Divine Worship and Church Discipline; and thatt all former 
contracts made and agreed on for the maintenance of the several ministers of 
the said Churches, shall stand and continue in full force and vertue, and that all 
contracts for the future to be made, shall be of the same power; and all persons 
that are unwilling to perform their part of the said contract, shall be constrained 
thereunto by a warrant from any Justice of the Peace; Provide itt bee under forty 
shillings, or otherwise, as the law directs; Provided also, That all other Christian 
Churches that shall hereafter come and settle within this Province, shall have the 
same privileges. 


Charter in Revised Laws, 1813, ii; Appeadix iii, vi; Munsell's Annals Albany, iv, 
32-30; Brodhead's N. Y. Ii. 659-661. 

Ci^ssis OF Amstebdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Henry Selyns to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 21/31, 
1683. xxi. 275-6. Extracts, Mints, of Synod of Xorth Hol- 
land, 1684, Art. 11. Extracts in Murphy's Anthology of New 
ISTetherland, 103-106; Another Translation. 

Heverend Sirs and Worthy Brethren in the Lord: — 

I have already written to you in reference to my arrival and 
the condition of the church over which I am placed. On the ar- 
rival of Domine Dellius, I was sorry to receive no communication 
from you, yet it is impossible for me to neglect the correspond- 
ence I have begun with you. I might forget my right hand, but 
you — never. 

I have exerted myself to the utmost of my power to promote 
the welfare of my church. I have never yet omitted to preach 


866 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

twice on a Sabbath and once eacb Wednesday. Inasmucb as my 
audiences continually increased, how could my zeal decrease? 
Among my hearers I found more unlearned people, (lit. laymen), 
than teachers. To provide against receiving such into church 
membership as are hardly yet acquainted with the elements of 
Christian truth, I instituted a regular course of catechetical in- 
struction with the Compendium of the Heidelberg Catechism, and 
had about one hundred youth in the class. This is gone through 
with every three months. Those who are deemed qualified by 
their knowledge of the truth and who give evidences of piety are 
then admitted. This plan is very profitable to the church at large, 
is satisfactory to the Consistory, and a comfort to my own soul. 

l^umerous complaints and difficulties which had already existed 
too long, and which had arisen before my arrival, have been ad- 
justed and removed. Church discipline had been greatly neg- 
lected; but to avoid condemnation at the last day, it has now 
been exercised with fidelity and holy zeal. Several have been 
placed under discipline with a view to produce amendment of 
life. I have no reason to complain in reference to provision for 
my necessities. My congregation is now engaged in building me 
a large house, wholly of stone and three stories high. It is built 
on the foundation of unmerited love. I have not suffered the 
neighboring rural districts to be neglected, although the care of 
them all is too much for one person to attend to. I have preached 
in these places on Mondays and Thursdays, administering the com- 
munion, preaching the Thanksgiving sermon (after communion), 
ordaining Consistories, etc. Although such services are very bur- 
densome, yet I increasingly experience that God's strength is 
made perfect in my weakness. 

Domine Peter Daille, formerly Professor at Salmurs, (Saumur, 
France,) has become my colleague. He exercises his ministry in 
the French church here. He is full of zeal, learning and piety. 
Exiled for the sake of his religion, he now devotes himself here 

OF THE State of New York. 867 

to the cause of Christ with untiring energy. Kev. John Gordon, 
has come over from England, to perform service for the English. 
His English service is after my morning service, and the Erench 
service is after my afternoon service. Mr. Dunghan (Dongan) 
our new Governor, has at last arrived. He has informed me and 
my Consistory that his orders from the Duke are to allow full 
liberty of conscience. His Excellency is a person of knowledge, 
refinement and modesty. I have had the pleasure of receiving a 
call from him, and I have the privilege of calling on him when- 
ever I desire. What measures may be adopted for the welfare 
of our land and church will appear at the approaching meeting 
of the (civil) Assembly, which will be convened to enact laws, 
appropriate for us and our posterity. 

The Domines Schaats at New Albany, Van Zuuren on Long 
Island and Weeksteen at Esopus, are all in good health, and prose- 
cute the ministry of Christ with diligence. I welcomed Domine 
Dellius, whom you sent over for service in the church of New 
Albany, with all friendship in my own house until his departure 
to his destination. He had carried his point of having his salary 
raised to nine hundred florins, Holland currency. If he had 
not accomplished this, he resolved to come down. (?) 

I was requested by the commissioners and the Consistory of 
Schenectady to call Domine Tesschenmaker to the ministry of 
that church. He had been dismissed from his church at New 
Castle. Although we made out a formal call, with a salary, which 
was signed by the (ofiicers of the) above nientioned church, and 
we labored with all our ability to induce him to accept it, it was 
like telling a story to a deaf man. He had fixed his thoughts on 
Staten Island. He had been called there at my suggestion, and 
the call was approved by us all on condition of his subscribing the 
Formulge of Unity. This he only finally did at the urgent re- 
quests of Domines Van Zuuren, Schaats and myself, as well as 
my Consistory. He had undergone his final examination for the 

868 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

ministry of the churdi at South Kiver, before my arrival in the 
country; but on account of the want of the said Eormulse of Unity 
at that time, his subscription to them had not then been secured. 
In the meantime the sheriff of Schenectady came down with a 
letter, which I enclose, to obtain a minister, if possible, for one 
hundred beavers, or five hundred guilders, Holland currency. 
This was to be his annual salary. It is quite impossible for that 
church to raise more. I have thought best to forward the letter 
to you, in the hope that you would be enabled thereby to make 
some beginning towards supplying that church, by mentioning 
this to whosoever may be called. 

At New Castle, where Domine Coelman was called, every- 
thing remains quiet. A sermon is read on the Sabbath days, but 
the people are too few to support a minister. Several of the in- 
habitants have already moved away, especially those of consider- 
able means. With the arrival and government of Hon. William 
Penn, great changes are taking place. His Honor, who is a very 
eloquent man, preaches, and delivers very learned sermons. I 
would not advise anyone to come over as minister there (at New 
Castle) amid the uncertainties of these present waves of en- 

The Church in New England is in a better condition. At 
Harvard there is a college from which go forth much learning and 
many learned men. This appears from the accompanying list (or 
catalogue).* Domine Caleb, an Indian, is a minister among the 
Indians. At Boston, the capital of New England, are four min- 
isters. I have been welcomed by them in a written communica- 
tion, and have, exceptis excipiendis, * * * (exceptions 

* (Mr. Brodhead has written in pencil, on the outside of the original of this letter 
— " There was a Catalogue of Harvard College graduates from 1642-1681, accom- 
panying this letter, when I received it from the Classis of Amsterdam in 1841 ". 
J. R. B. It is now missing June 5, 1865. — Murphy says in his Anthology, note on 
page 105, that this Catalogue, being the only one in existence, was presented to 
Harvard College). 

OP THE State of ISTew York. 869 


being made,) the right hand of felloT\-ship from them. In 

reference to the subject of baptism, they approximate to the 


By information from letters of Domine Voshnyl (Voskuyl?) 
and passengers from Curacoa, it appears that the church is doing 
well, but that several, on account of the decline of commerce 
there, are inclined to come and settle here. No ships this year 
have been to Suriname. This prevents us giving you any infor- 
mation about the church there. Our vessels coming from Mada- 
gascar, stopped at the Cape of Good Hope; but your Rev. Body 
receives intelligence by letter directly from that place, in con- 
nection with the letters from the East Indies. 

Finally I commend myself and my services to your remem- 
brance and prayers; and yourselves, individually, and your Rev. 
Assembly to God's providence, protection and guidance. I re- 
quest regular correspondence as opportunity may offer. 

Your obedient brother, 

Henricus Selyns. 

Serious Charge Against a Labadist. 

1683, Oct. 31. 

Declaration of a physician and certain surgeons on the case of 
Peter Sluiter, who calls himself Dr. Vorstman, and was sent from 
home, at Wieworden, to come and practise his art as a Doctor in 
this congregation — (the Dutch Church of i^ew York.) Lib. 
A. 35, of English Translation. 

Post Mortem Examination. Statement of the Case. 

We, the undersigned, a Doctor of Medicines, and Surgeons, 
being directed by the Mayor and Aldermen to examine the body of 
Jan Gorter, mate of the ship Xew York, who died last night about 

870 Ecclesiastical Records 


twelve o'clock, at the house of Cornelia de Peyster, found the 

same all over broken out with blue and violet from head to foot, 

especially on the breast, belly and back, where, if scratched in 

the least with the nails, the epidermis would come off the skin, a 

clear proof of corruption. 

Dr. Vorstman, who had treated the patient, being called on for 

the reasons of his course, said that he had found the patient in 

bed, complaining that for four davs he had had the " Bord "; still 

it was now over, in his opinion, and he began to sit up; that he, 

Vorstman, had given him a pill about as large as a pea, consisting 

of two thirds of an ace of opium purum, and the rest of saffron, — 

so he said — and another cordial, a spoonful to be taken at a time. 


From the narrative of those who were in the house, as well as 
of others who were summoned bj us, it seems that the patient 
became from time to time oppressed, not being able to utter anv 
words without great pain, until at last, about eleven o'clock, 
the oppression became so severe through constant convulsions, 
that within an hour's time, he died. 

From this account, we are to consider two points: 

(1) Should the opium have been used in such a case ? 

(2) Was the quantity, two-thirds of an aes (spelled as before, 
with saffron, sufficient to produce such a result. 

As to the first, we say: that since the patient, by the great and 
violent retching and stooling was so weakened, all possible means 
were required to revive and strengthen him, and that the means 
used, being only stupifying, were inappropriate. 

As to the second — It is impossible that so small a quantity 
could produce so gTcat and frightful a result; and either a great 
quantity, or something else must have been used. For this per- 
son a few days before had his health reasonably well, so much so, 

OF THE State of K'ew York. 871 

that his brother-in-law declares that he said during the past week 
that he had not in a long time gone to bed for sickness. 
Done at New York, Oct. 31, 1683. 
Signed by 

Johannis Kerfbyl, Medical Doctor. 

F. de Lange '^ 
Isaac Dauv 
Hartman Wessels ' 

G. de Forest \ Surgeons. 

Gerrit van Triclit 
Hans Kierstede 
Agreeing with the original, 

Henry Selyns. 

(The Peter Slniter, or Schluyter, alias Dr. Vorsman or Vorst- 
man, was one of the Labadist missionaries, who founded jSTew 
Bohemia, in Cecil county, 3kld. See Sluyter and Danker's Tour, 
1679; also Murphy's Anthology, 94-98.) 

Petition of the Mayor and Common Council of Xew York, 
TO Governor Thomas Dongan, for a Xew Charter. 

1683, Nov. 9. 

The Petition describes the former privileges enjoyed by the people; suggests that 
the City be divided into six wards, and how the different officials are to be ap- 
pointed. It is signed by William Beekman, Johannes Van Brugh, John Lawrence, 
Pieter Jacob Marius, Jas. Graham, Cornelius Steenwyck, N. Bayard. 

These were all members of the Dutch Church except Graham. — Col. Docs. N. Y. 
iii. 337. 

Petition of ISTath: Baker Senr. Against Being Fined for 
Bringing Home His Ox on a Sunday, Etc. 

To the Right Honorable Col. Thomas Dongan Lieutenant Governor under his Royal 
Highnesse of New Yorke etc. 

The humble petition of Natheniell Baker Sear, of Easthampton. 


That in June 1682, Your Peticoner being fined by the Court of Sessions then held 
at Southold the sum of forty shillings and costs of Court, which in all amounted 
to niue pounds three shillings and three pence, which your petitioner paid, was 
also forct to enter into bond for his good behaviour (in the penall sume of twenty 


872 Ecclesiastical Records 

pounds sterling) till the month of March following, only for bringing home an ox 
of his on the Sunday, which the day before hee went for but could not find, so 
was obliged to taii-y out till the next day and having then found him brought him 
to his house; which said bond of your petitioners, without any processe against 
him or warning to answer for himself, the Court aforesaid have adjudged to be 
forfeited, pretending some difference to have been between your petitioner and his 
wife, and that your petitioner should have struck or kicked her by reason whereof 
without any legall proceeding they have condemned your petitioner to pay the 
said sume twenty pounds sterling, and have issued out execution against his 
Estate for the same; By which your petitioner finding himself e agrieved and as 
hee thinks very much wronged, — Therefore humbly prayes. 

That your Honor taking into consideration the illegality of the proceedings 
against him, the smallnesse (if any) of the first fault, (upon which the bond afore- 
said was given,) and the true meritt of his case, will be pleased to reverse the 
said sentence, adjudged against him, or give him such other reliefe as your Honor 
In your Judicious and grave judgement, shall find agreeable with Right equity and 

And as in Duty bound hee shall ever prny, etc. 

Endorsed. December 23, 1683. 

This petition was delivered to the Governor on the bridge. Captain Brockholls, 
Mr. Lucas Santen present, and then ordered to write to them of ye Court of Ses- 
sions at Southold to appear before the Governor and Council on the second Monday 
of March next to show cause for their proceedings. 

May ye 5th 1684. 

The petition of Nathanael Baker Senr. i-ead. Capt. Young and Mr. Arnold present 
In behalf of ye Court of Sessions was refen-ed to law.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 212, 213. 

Order pok a Thanksgiving Day. Lib. A. 37. 

The day of special Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer for the 
Dutch Reformed Chnrch of ISTew York, to be held January 
6, 1684. 

Since it has pleased the Lord God, in his undeserved compas- 
sion, to preserve this land and city and church during this past 
year and many preceding years from all misfortune, and has 
guarded us against all dangers, known and unknoAvn, notwith- 
standing other nations and churches were visited with the sword 
of righteous judgments and Fatherly chastisements ; and especially 
to bless us with all prosperity, through evangelical preaching and 
desired intercourse on land and sea: This church, to avoid the 
reproach of ingratitude, desires to begin the year and to continue 
it with sincere evidences of gratitute ; and particularly^, since cer- 
tain ones have sought to disturb some of the simple minded — 

OF THE State of New York. 873 

God lielp "US — and to ensnare them hj feigned piety and am- 
biguous words: We, in order to preserve ourselves, and to save 
God's honor and his Church, join prayer and self-abasement, with 
our aforesaid thanksgiving. 

Wherefore, the Consistory of this congregation have resolved 
for themselves and the flock committed to them, to appoint the 
coming day of rest, January 6, 1684, as a special day of Thanks- 
giving, Fasting and Prayer; for the purpose of thanking God for 
his undeserved compassion, and at the same time to humble our- 
selves before the Most High, and entreat him with loyal and 
earnest prayers, to preserve his Royal Majesty of Great Britain 
(Charles II) to bless the Duke of York, (James, afterward James 
II), and his Governor, (Thos. Dongan, Gov. of New York) who 
has come in health to this province, and to spare his Church, 
bought with the blood of Christ, that it may not be overtaken 
with pride and increasing unrighteousness within,, nor by schisms 
and soul destroying doctrines from without; also to implore that 
here, as elsewhere, his wrath may not be poured out upon our sins 
and worldly transgressions. 

To the attainment of this end, we commend to the whole con- 
gregation without distinction that day to keep from food and 
from servile work. 

Actum New York, in our ecclesiastical meeting, December 30, 

In the name and by authority of said Consistory, 

Henry Selyns, Minister. 
Boele Koelofszen 


. Elders. 
Nicholas Bayard 

874 Ecclesiastical Records 



1676-1683. Abstracts of various Synodical Acts and resolutions 
touching Jacob Coelman, taken ad notam, as before. Lib. A. 
pp. 47-50 of Eng. Trans, of Mints, of Ch. of Is^. Y. 

1. The Synod of Utreclit, 1676, Art. 44. Coelman bad come 
to dwell in Friesland, and bad preacbed tbere. Tbe Classis ad- 
monisbed tbe cburcbes to keep bim out of tbeir pulpits. 

2. Tbe Synod of Soutb Holland at Dort, 1676. " Tbe cburcb 
of Rotterdam and tbe Classis of Scblieland gave information tbat 
Domine Coelman was excluded from tbe city by an Act of tbe 
Magistrates. Hereupon tbe Deputies were tbanked, and tbe Con- 
sistory of Rotterdam and tbe Classis of Scblieland were enjoined, 
togetber witb tbe Deputati Synodi ". 

3. Tbe Synod of Soutb Holland at Delft, 1677. " Toucbing 
Domine Coelman, be was excluded from tbe city, and bad already 
departed ". Tbe Correspondent from Utrecbt testified tbat tbe 
Synod of Utrecbt bad forbidden bim tbeir pulpits. Similar words 
came from Erisia. In all tbis, tbis Cbristian Synod rejoices, and 
recognizes a special providence. God was purging bis garden of 
its weeds. Tbey communicated tbeir action by correspondence 
witb tbe otber Synods, and enjoined tbeir Classes " to inquire 
carefully, by tbeir visitors or some otber suitable means, wbere 
and by wbom any private meeting, catecbizing or any otber sort 
of service, conflicting witb tbe Synodical resolutions, may be main- 
tained, so as to act efficaciously against it." 

4. Tbe Synod of Soutb Holland, at Leyden, 1678. :N'otbing 
occurred at tbis session concerning Coelman. At tbe Hague botb 
tbe l^obility and tbe Magistrates bad been very watcbful and 
would continue so. Tbe Synod cbarged tbeir Deputati and all 
tbeir Classes to guard against tbe encouragement of error. 

5. Tbe Synod of Soutb Holland at Gouda, 1679. — It was said 
tbat Coelman at different places sougbt to set fortb bis scbismati- 
cal views. All parties were enjoined to watcb against bim. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 875 

6. The Synod of l^orth Holland, at Edam, 1679.— Coelman 
had held his Separatist Meetings in different places, and had 
publicly preached morning and afternoon, in the vacant church at 
Middelye. " The Synod, regarding this as an evil example, ear- 
nestly warned the respective Classes to see that it does not occur 
again. And since it is understood from the report of various 
brethren that the said Coelman seeks to make the services of the 
brethren fruitless, and to give the members of the churches an 
uncharitable judgement of them, thus resisting the Church Order 
of this land, all the Classes and especially those where he sows 
his e\nl seed, are admonished to watch against him and his con- 
venticles ". 

7. The Synod of South Holland, at Rollerd, 1680.— The 
Deputati exhorted to watch. 

8. The Synod of Xorth Holland, at Alkmaer, 1680.— " Since 
it appears that Jacob Coelman appears in various places and 
travels from one place to another to hold conventicles, and to dis- 
quiet the minds of the members, giving them an evil impression 
of their lawful teachers, the respective Classes are enjoined to 
guard carefully against this. Likewise the brethren of Amster- 
dam and of some other Classes gave information of their faith- 
ful endeavors already in this direction ". 

9. The Synod of South Holland at Gorinchen, 1681. — Since 
Coelman preaches in Gelderland, our Committee on Correspond- 
ence are requested to induce the other Synods to act in uni- 
formity with us. 

10. Synod of ISTorth Holland, at Harlem, 1681. — Speaking of 
the Labadists, especially Koelman, it appeared from various re- 
ports, that they were gradually declining in our churches, and 
that Koelman shows himself here and there with a very small fol- 
lowing; still, it is important to be watchful. 

Similar action occurs in seven other Synods held at different 
places and times. Coelman is represented as preaching here and 
there, and care is enjoined as above. 1681-83. 

876 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 



" In the latter part of 1679, two speaking brothers, as they were 
called, of the followers of John de Labadie, came from Wiewaard 
in Friesland to INTew York on a tour of exploration for a place to 
found a colony of that sect. After traveling over Long Island and 
Staten Island, up the ISTorth Eiver to Albany and eastward to 
Boston, and traversing N^ew Jersey and along the Delaware, they 
finally determined upon a site in Maryland, where they actually 
formed a settlement on the Manor of Augustine Hermans, called 
'New Bohemia. In order to aid this settlement they sought prose- 
lytes in ISTew Amsterdam. The Labadists professed the doctrines 
of the Dutch Church, but adopted some peculiarities more of 
practice than faith, and very dissimilar to those of the shaking 
Quakers of modern times. These two brethren spent much of 
their time in I^ew York, from whence they made their journeys 
of observation of the country, and where, in fact, they obtained 
the members of their new community. A son of Augustine Her- 
mans residing in New York was one of their principal converts, 
and through him they obtained the lands in Cecil county, Mary- 
land, where they finally settled ". Murphy's Anthology, 94-98. 
See also Selyns' letter, October 28, 1682. 

This Jacobus Coelman was of Sluys in Flanders. He embraced 
the doctrines of the Labadists. It was for this reason that the 
church at New Castle called him; for there Sluyter and Danckera 
had secured a controlling influence. Coelman, however, did not 
come. About this time he renounced Labadism. He published in 
1683 an exposure of its errors in a work entitled, " Historical 
Account of the Labadists." 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 877 

English Jesuits in ISTew Yokk Under Gov. Dongan. 


Governor Dongan really intended to send some English Jesuits 
as missionaries to the Cauglinawagas, if they would remove into 
English territory near Saratoga. A certain Roman Catalogue of 
the Society of Jesus, shows that the following English Jesuits 
were in ISTew York in Dongan's time : 

Father Thomas Harvey, S. J., born in London 1635, became a 
Jesuit, 1655, was in ITew York, 1683-90; 1696; in Maryland, 
1690-96; 1697-1719, died. 

Father Charles Gage, S. J., labored at Norwich, England, in 
the reign of James II; in New York, 1686-7. 

Father Henry Harrison, b. 1632; became a Jesuit 1652; in 
New York, 1685, died 1701.— See Doc. Hist. K Y. iii. (4to 
ed.) 73. 

British Chaplains in New York. 

Rev. John Gordon, 1683, was succeeded by Rev. Josias Clarke, 
who was commissioned June 16, 1684, and served two years, as 
appears by the certificate in New York Colonial Manuscripts, 
xxxiii, dated October 7, 1686. He was succeeded by Rev. Alex- 
ander Innes, whose commission bears date, April 20, 1686. Book 
of Deeds, viii, 13, 31, 39.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 415. 

Early Presbyterianism in America. 

Rev. Francis MaKemie. 


He was the organizer of Presbyterianism in America. Between 
1670 and 1680, large numbers of Presbyterians came to America 
from the north of Ireland. Their leading men kept up corre- 
spondence with the home churches. The Presbytery of Laggan, 


8Y8 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Ireland, was besouglit to send over a minister. MaKemie was 
selected. He was a native of Ireland. He studied in Glasgow 
University 16Y5-6; was licensed to preach, 1681, and was or- 
•dained by the Presbytery of Laggan 1682, to go to America. He 
-arrived in 1683. He traveled through all the colonies. He or- 
^ganized Presbyterian churches at Rehoboth and Snow Hill on the 
eastern shore of Maryland. 

In 1704 he returned to Great Britain to secure aid for tho 
American Churches. The ministers of London agi'eed to sup- 
port two men for two years. He returned to America in 1705, 
bringing with him John Hampton and George Macnish. 

Kev. Jedediah Andrews was already a Presbyterian Minister 
in Philadelphia, having been ordained there in 1701. His prede- 
'cessor was Benjamin Woodbridge, who had been sent there by 
ithe Boston ministers. In 1700 there were three Presbyterian 
cministers in Delaware, one in Philadelphia, and a Scotch Presby- 
terian, Stobo, in South Carolina. There were also at this time 
probably several Scotch Presbyterian pastors over congregational 
churches in ISTew England. 

There were many groups of Presbyterians scattered through 
'the country, ready to be organized into churches. The ministers 
needed support and sympathy from one another. An occasion 
soon arose to bring them together. John Boyd was to be ordained 
■as pastor at Freehold, Ils^. J. This ordination took place on De- 
cember 29, 1706. — Two pages of the oldest record are lost. — 
Hence it is difficult to decide w^ho called the meeting, and whether 
■they adopted, formally, the Westminster Confession. Probably 
MaKemie was the leading spirit. Boyd or the people wTote, 
asking how the ordination was to be obtained. This brought 
^about the meeting and thus the First Presbytery was formed. 

In 1717 the Presbytery divided itself into four Presbyteries, 
^nd formed a Synod. In 1788 the Synod divided itseK into two 
•Synods, and the General Assembly was constituted. 

That first Presbytery of 1706, at the ordination of Boyd con- 


OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 879 

sisted of Eevs. Francis MaKemie, Jedediah Andrews, John Hamp- 
ton, George Macnish, John Wilson and ISTatlianael Taylor. 

MaKemie died in 1708, On January 19, 1707, he preached in 
the house of a Mr. Jackson in iSTew York City, without permis- 
sion of Governor Cornbury. For this he was arrested and tried. 
MaKemie beat the Lawyers at every point, and the jury acquitted 
him; but the court made him pay the costs, about 200 dollars. 
Cornbury had borrowed the Presbyterian parsonage in 1702, and 
then turned it over to the Episcopalians. 

OovEENOE Dongan's Keport on the State of the Province, 


As TO Religion. 

(Abstract and Extract.) The Laws in force are the Laws called his Royal High- 
nesses Laws (The Duke's Laws) and the Acts of the General Assembly, the most 
of which, I presume your Lordships have seen, and the rest I now send oyer by 
Mr. Sprag, etc. p. S90. 

He refers to the necessity, in order to preserve the Beaver and Peltry trade, 
to erect forts on the Delaware and Susquehannah, and on the Great Lake, to secure 
the English right to the country in opposition to the French. The French had had 
" Fathers " living among the distant Indians more than twenty years; also among 
the Five Nations in New York, and had converted many of them, and six hundred 
or seven hundred of them had gone off to Canada. Dongan had promised to give 
them a piece of land called Serachtague, on the Hudson, forty miles above Albany, 
and to send them priests, and build them a church. These Indians have ten or 
twelve Castles at a great distance from each other, and there were needed three 
traveling priests, and others to live with the Christian Indians. This would destroy 
the French pretence to the country, and the French priests would return to Canada. 
Page 394. 

" The principal Towns within this Government, are New York, Albany and 
Kingston at Esopus. All the rest are country villages. The buildings in New 
York and Albany are generally of stone and brick. In the country the houses are 
mostly new built, having two or three rooms on a floor. The Dutch are great 
improvers of land. New York and Albany live wholly upon trade with the Indians, 
England and the West Indies. The returns for England are generally beaver, 
peltry, oil and tobacco, when we can have it. To the West Indies we send flour, 
bread pees, pork and sometimes horses. The return from thence, for the most 
part, is rum, which pays the King a considerable excise; and some molasses, which 
serves the people to make drink and pays no custom ". Page 897. 

Every Town ought to have a Minister. New York has first a Chaplain belonging 
to the Fort of the Church of England; (Clarke); secondly a Dutch Calvinist, 
(Selyns); thirdly a French Calvinist, (Ferret); fourthly a Dutch Lutheran, (Aren- 
sius). Here bee not many of the Church of England; few Roman Catholicks; 

880 Ecclesiastical Records 

abundance of Quakers preachers men and Women especially; Singing Quakers; 
Ranting Quakers; Sabbatarians; Antisabbatarians; Some Anabaptists; some Inde- 
pendants; some Jews; in short of all sorts of opinions there are some, and thei 
most part, of none at all. 

The Great Church which serves both the English and the Dutch is within the 
Fort which is found to be very inconvenient; therefore I desire that there may bee 
an order for their building another, ground already being layed out for that pur- 
pose, and they wanting not money in store where with all to build it. 

The most prevailing opinion is that of the Dutch Calvinists. 

It is the endeavor of all persons here to bring up their Children and servants 
in that opinion which themselves profess; but this I observe that they take no care 
of the conversion of their slaves. 

Every Town and County are obliged to maintain their own poor, which makes 
them bee soe careful that no vagabonds, beggars, nor idle persons are suffered to 
live here. 

But as for the King's natural-born-subjects that live on Long Island and other 
parts of the Government I find it a hard task to make them pay their Ministers. 
Page 415. Tho. Dongan. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 390, 394, 397, 415. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Dellius. 

1684, May 29tli. 

Rev. Dellius, the very successful (edifying) minister at 'New 
Albany, and who had been more closely bound to that place by 
the increase of his salary, was now called to Henkelom, (in the 
Netherlands.) The Rev. Assembly deems it necessary that the 
documents relating to this his call should be sent him as soon as 
possible; but that in addition thereto, he be dissuaded from this 
call by weighty arguments, nomine Classis. vii. 363; xix. 224. 

Rev. Mr. Clarke's Commission as Chaplain. 

James Duke of York and Albany etc. Earle of VIster, etc. 

Whereas I have had sufBcient Testimony of the Abilityes and Integrity of Josias 
Clarke Clergyman And of his Fitnesse to be Chaplaine to the Garrison of New, 
Yorke I doe therefore hereby authorize and Require You to putt him upon the 
Estabment as Chaplain to the said Garrison Accordingly; with such salary and 
allowances as are thereunto belonging to Commence from Michaelmas next and to 
continue Dureing my Pleasure only. For which this shall be your Warrant. Given 
under my hand at Windsor this 16th Day of June 1684. 

To Coll. Dongan my Lieutenant 

and Governor of New York and its Dependencies in 
vA.merica. ' ', 

By Command of His Royal Highness 

Jo. Werden. 

♦♦* A like Commission follows to Alexander Innes, Clerk and Master of Arts, 
dated 20th April 1686.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 245. 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoke. 881 

Synod of I^orth Holland,, at Enckhuyzen. 

1684, Aug. 1-11, et seq. 
Article 13. 

Extract from a letter from New York, of Eev. Sullyns, (Selyns) 
of 11/21 October 1683. 

1. He sent word of liis arrival. He complains that lie has not 
received a reply with the coming of Rev. Dellius. 

2. He preaches twice on Simdays, once on "Wednesdays. 

3. He finds more laymen than teachers in his church and 
therefore has appointed a limited (besloten: closed, defined, only 
for a limited time,) catechising, for one hundred candidates, in 
the Compendium, extending over three months, in order to ad- 
mit those who are suitably prepared to the communion. 

4. Discipline which had declined, has again been brought into 

5. He has no complaint to make about his salary. 

6. His congregation is building for him a spacious stone house. 

7. He does not leave the surrounding villages without preach- 
ing, and the administration of the Lord's Supper. He serves 
these on Mondays or Thursdays. 

8. Rev. Peter Daille, formerly Professor at Saumur, (France), 
has become his colleague, but in the Prench language. He is 
very zealous. 

9. In the English language Rev. John Gordon (English Chap- 
lain) preaches between his two services. 

10. Mr. Dongan, their new Governor, has arrived. He says he 
has instructions from the Duke (of York) to leave consciences 

11. What is to be devised for the best interests of country and 
church, will appear at the ensuing (Civil) Assembly, (1683) which 
has been appointed to frame laws for them and their posterity. 



882 Ecclesiastical Eecosds 

12. Rev. Schaets at 'New Albany, Van Zuiiren on Long Island, 
and Rev. Weeksteen at Esopus, are well. 

13. Rev. Dellius has attained his object in securing nine hun- 
dred guilders, Holland money, as a yearly salary. 

14. Rev. Tesschenmaker has been called to Staten Island: this 
was approved on condition that he would sign the Eormulse, 
which has also been done. 

15. The Sheriff (Schout) of Schenectady had come from there 
with a letter, requesting to have a minister, at one hundred 
beavers, i. e. five hundred guilders, Holland; it is impossible to 
contribute more. 

16. At Newcastle, where Koelman was called, it is now very 
quiet. On Sundays a sermon is read; there were too few people 
there to support a minister. 

lY. Mr. William Penn, Governor, an eloquent man, preaches 
very learnedly. 

18. The state of the churches in ISTew England is better. 

19. At Hartfort (Harvard) there is an Academy, and it pro- 
duces learned men. 

20. Rev. Caleb, an Indian, is preacher among the Indians. 

21. At Boston, the capitol of New England, there are four 

22. They approach somewhat nearer the Presbyterians in re- 
gard to Baptism. 

23. He had understood from Yerkuyl's writing that it was still 
well with the church of Curacoa. 

Ends with salutations. 

Extract from a letter from the Sheriff (Schout) of Schenectady 
to Rev. Selyns; which he sent over; dated October 25, 1683. 

1. He thanks him for his diligence in regard to their church ; 
and says it is necessary to stipulate (as salary) for not more than 
one hundred beavers. 

OF THE State of N^ew York. 883 


2. In addition, it is promised by the church of that place, that 

besides the aforesaid beavers, there will be a free dwelling, and 

fire wood every year. 

was signed, Roger Jacobs Schermerhorn 

John Van Eps 

Meynert Wenen 

John Portman. 

Extract from a letter from ISTew Albany, of Rev. Dellius, 24/14 

August, 1683. 

1. He states that he arrived on August 12, and was received 
with pleasure. 

2. He had handed over our letters to the Consistory, who were 
much pleased with him. 

3. It had been conceded to him, not to pay him in beavers 
but in Holland money. 

4. Rev. Schaets had gone to New York to enter into a second 
marriage ; therefore could not write as to the state of the church. 

5. He had began to conduct services on Sundays and in the 
week time. 

Concludes with salutation. 

Extract from a letter from the Magistrates of ISTew Albany, 
August 15, 1683. 

1. They had received the letter of April 6, 1682, on August 
20, and also that of July 20. 

2. Had received Rev. Dellius with great joy. 

3. For this they thank the Classis, after God. 

4. They hope that papists will be converted through him. 

5. They give Rev. Dellius nine hundred guilders, Dutch cur- 
rency, and free dwelling. 

6. Whereupon Rev. Dellius had promised not to leave them 
except for very weighty reasons. 

Concludes with salutation. 

Another letter of 13th ditto, was of the same contents. 

884 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Petition of the Lutheean Church at I^ew Yoek to be 
Exempt feom Taxes. 

To the Eight Honorable Thomas Dongan Lieutenant and Governor Under His Eoyal 
Highness of New Yorke and Dependencies in America. 

The humble Peticon of the Lutheran Congregation in the Citty of New York. 


That by the allowance of your honors Predecessors and the Acts of the Generall 
Assembly the said Congregation have had, and still have Diverse Libertyes Privil- 
lidges and Immunitys granted allowed and Confirmed to them and their Place of 
Worship and other Eeligious houses and Places in this City, etc. have alwayes been 
held reputed and Esteemed as Priviledged Churches and Places Notwithstanding 
which is a Tax or Assessment now made by the Mayor and Aldermen of this Citty 
the said Church and other Religious houses are Assessed and rated as if they were 
the Estates and freehold of a private Person, and as such are taxed, although the 
Religious houses and Places in this Citty for those of the Cauluinest opinion are 
wholly Exempted and freed from any such Imposition tax or Rate. 

Your Peticoners therefore humbly Pray 

That your honor will be pleased to Examine the Premisses and taking them into 
your serious Consideracon grant that the said Church and other Religious houses 
and Places belonging to the said Lutheran Congregacon may as well as the 
Religious houses and Places of the other Christian Professors allotted within this 
Citty and Province be Released freed exempted and Priviledged from any such Tax 
Rate or assessment and that your honor will Please to give such order Concerning 
the same as shall appear to your Honor to be fitt and Requisite. 

And your Peticoners as in duty bound shall ever pray, etc. 

Order of Council Thereupon. 

September 6th, 1684. 

This within Peticon being read before the Governor and Council it was their 
Opinion that the house Appointed for the Lutheran Minister to live in should be 
as free and Exempted from Taxes as that of the Dutch and French Ministers, and 

the Peticon is Referred to the Mayor and Aldermen. 

By Order in Council. 
A true copy. J. Spragg, Sec. 

*#* It appears by Deed Book viii. 204, in Secretary's office, that Dominus Bar- 
nardus Arisses [Arensius] was Minister of the Lutheran Church in New York in 
168S.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 246. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Eer. Van Zueren Called to Gouderak; (Soutli of Goiida.) 

1684, Oct. 2nd. 

Rev. George de Mey, minister at Gouda, makes known that in 
tlie place of Rev. Wildrang, deceased, late minister at Gouderak, 
there had been unanimously called, after the order and style 
of the church there, Casparus van Zueren, minister at present on 
Long Island in i^ew England, (New JSTetherland.) He requested 
in the name of the church, of the sheriff, and of the judiciary 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 885 

(court) of Gouderak, that tlie very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
by which the Rev. Van Zueren had been commissioned, would 
facilitate his dismission, and dissolution (of his pastorate rela- 
tions there.) The Rev. Classis after reading and examining the 
written instruments of the call, and the approval of the sheriff 
and judiciary of Gouderak, and also of the Hon. Burgomaster 
of the city of Gouda, as Lords (Patroons) of the Manor of 
Gouderak, directed the Rev. Deputies for outside churches, as 
soon as they shall have seen the approval of the Rev. Classis of 
Gouda, to announce to the Rev. Van Zueren, that so far as the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam was concerned they had dismissed 
him from his service there; with the wish that he might come to 
the church of Gouderak in the fulness of the blessing of the 
Gospel, vii. 370; xix. 227. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Godfridus Dellius, at ISTew 
Albany, October 24, 1684. xxvii. 173. 

Reverend, Godly and Highly Learned Sir, and Worthy Brother 
in Christ: — 

We have received your very pleasant letter of the 14/24 of 
August, 1683, with the enclosures from the Magistrates and Con- 
sistory of ITew Albany, in very good order. From all these we 
have learned with very great pleasure not only of your safe ar- 
rival, and the great joy of the people thereat, but especially of 
the happy beginning of your labors. On this subject the Magis- 
trates and Consistory speak in terms of highest praise. E"ext to 
God, they consider themselves under obligation of ever increas- 
ing thankfulness to this Rev. Classis, for its great interest in 
the church at that place. We are greatly rejoiced at this cir- 
cumstance, and wish the continued blessing of God Almighty 
upon you, and hope that it may please his Majesty to allow you 
to continue a long time in that church in health, and to mutual 


886 Ecclesiastical Records 

Nevertheless, we are obliged to transmit to you a certain call 
from Henckelem, wMcli has already been traveling about for a 
long time, and has become old before it came into the hands of 
our Rev. Classis. For this reason the determination of the Rev. 
Classis concerning it was also delayed. It finally, however, seemed 
to be our duty to transmit the same to you, but at the same time 
with this understanding — to seek by all conceivable reasons to 
dissuade you from accepting this Henckelem call. For it is the 
opinion of the Rev. Classis that since you have been received there 
with such satisfaction, and are administering the service to such 
edification, and all this in a church where so much needs to be 
done, and is now being accomplished ; for the Magistrates of your 
place mention that even Papists come to hear you, and find hope ; 
moreover, since you have ingratiated yourself more fully in that 
church, and the salary has been increased to your satisfaction; 
therefore you ought in no wise to leave them. Besides, the gen- 
tlemen here, who had authority in regard to your call, (to Albany) 
are opposed to this new affair most earnestly. In case of your 
departure thence, (from Albany) which neither they or we de- 
sire, they would surely require you to repay all the expenses con- 
nected with your call thither. This is in accordance with a reso- 
lution of the State respecting speedy change of pastors. 

Above all, it is unknown to us how matters are now situated 
at Henckelem, because nothing further has transpired before us 
for several months. We do not therefore know whether that 
place is still vacant or not. Hence, in view of all these things, 
we doubt not that you will be pleased to remain with your present 
church. Wherefore, commending you to God, and with our re- 
spects, we remain. 

Dear Sir and Brother, 

Your obedient brethren in Christ, 

Bernardus Homoet, 
Albert Westerhoff, 
Oct 24, 1684. Johannes Brandolphus. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 887 


Extra Session. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

1684, Oct. 24tli. 

Was presented Rev. George de Mey, minister at Gouda. He 
showed a written call, made out by the consistory of Gouderack, 
which belonged to the Classis of Gouda, on the Rev. Casparus 
van Suyren, (Zuuren,) minister at Midwout on Long Island in 
Kew England, (?) in the place of Rev. Wiltvanck deceased. This 
call has been approved by the Schout (Sheriff) and by the 
. of Gouderack; as well as by the Messrs. Burgomas- 
ters of Gouda, as Lords of the Manor ; and also by the Rev. Classis 
of Gouda. He also renewed his request, already previously made 
to the Classis, that the said Rev. van Suyren (Zuuren) might be 
dismissed, in the name of Classis. This request of his is granted 
by us Deputies on foreign affairs, having been authorized to do so 
by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. A letter was written con- 
cerning this business, in which it was made known to Rev. van 
Suyren (Zuuren) and the consistory of Midwout on Long Island, 
that the Rev. Classis, having pondered everything in the fear of 
the Lord, had, so far as it was concerned, dismissed him and dis- 
charged him from his office. This appears also from the Acta of 
the Rev. Classis. xxi. 285. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Corres-pondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Caspar Van Zuuren, October 
24, 1684. xxvii. 1Y5. 

Reverend Sir, and Brother : — 

The Deputati ad res Exteras of the Classis of Amsterdam, being 
assembled at the request of the church of Gouderack, and hav- 
ing been specially charged thereto by the Classis of Amsterdam, 
have examined the call of the church of Gouderack which has 
been made upon you. They find that it has its full number of 


members, and conforms to all the required conditions. They 
have therefore gladly relieved you from your service at Midwoude. 
They are glad that so excellent an opportunity has occurred, and 
that you can return to your Fatherland and friends with so much 
reputation. The act of dismissal accompanies this letter, and 
will be of service to you with those whom it concerns. With this 
we wish you the Lord's gracious blessing in connection with this 
call, and with hearty greetings, we remain, 
Rev. Sir and Brother, 

Your affectionate, 

The Deputati ad res Exteras. 

Bernardus Homoet, 
Gisbertus Oostrum, 
Albertus Van Westerhoff, 
Amsterdam, Johannes Brandolphus. 

Oct. 24:, 1684. 

Legacy of Mr, Cornelius Steenwyck, Mayor of the City of 
!N'ew York, in Favor of the Dutch Worship There. 

1684, mv. 20. 

" Further the testator declares, with the consent of his said 
wife (Margareta de Riemer), that he, by form of pre-legacy, has 
made, devised and bequeathed, as he, the testator, hereby, makes, 
devises and bequeaths to the use of the Dutch congregation in the 
City of New York, for the better support and maintenance of the 
minister of the same, called after the Church-Order of the ISTeth- 
erlands, now here, or hereafter to be called and come, all his, the 
testator's right, title, interest, in the Manor or Domain of Ford- 
ham, lying in the county of Westchester, with all the lands, 
meadows, fields, woods, hills, brooks and other waters, together 
with all the dis jurisdiction, right, title, action and prop- 
erty in, to and upon, the said Manor of Fordham, with all pat- 
ents, letters, leases, securities, mortgages and other documents 

OF THE State op ISTew Yoek. 889 

thereto belonging, or in any way depending, in all respects the 
same as the said Manor is now already belonging, or hereafter 
shall be more amply confirmed unto the said testator by deed, 
conveyance, hypoteek, mortgage. Judgement or otherwise, 
through or by means of John Archer, deceased, late owner of said 
Manor: Willing and desiring that the said Manor of Fordham, 
with all the profits, incomes, avails, rents and livings, with all 
the appurtenances thereof, shall be conveyed and made over in 

a full, true and property, by the testator's appointed 

Executrix, within the space of six months after the tes- 
tator's decease; and upon lawful demand, to the Overseers of the 
said Dutch congregation, for and to the behoof of the said con- 
gregation, as herein above is further expressed: to be held in full 
property, possession, enjoyment, inheritable and forever, by the 
said Overseers and Congregation in being at the time of the tes- 
tator's decease, and all who shall from time to time succeed in 
their places, without any or least hindrance, let or opposition of 
any one : Provided that none of the lands of the said Manor shall 
be made away, alienated or otherwise disposed of, contrary to the 
tenor of these presents, but henceforth and forever shall be and 
remain as lands of inheritance for the support and maintenance 
of the worship of the said congregation, as above described and 
not otherwise. Signed, 

Cornelis Steenwyck. 

Margrieta Steenwyck. 

1685, Sept. 16. 

Transfer of the said Manor of Fordham, and the rights thereof 
for the Dutch Worship, by Mr. Cornelis Steenwyck, de- 
ceased, and his wife, still living. Lib. A. 43, of English 

The Notary, William Bogardus, hereto requested, shall con- 
vey, with a witness, to the overseers of the Dutch Reformed 

890 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Congregation in the City of ISTew York, in the name and on ac- 
count of me, the undersigned Margrieta Steenwyck, Executrix of 
his will, the Manor or Domain of Fordham, etc., bequeathed by 
my late husband, with my consent, for the support of the Minister 
of the same, according to the testamentary disposition of ISTovem- 
ber 20, 1684; and to take possession of the same for use, as above, 
according to the aforesaid will; and thereon, seek and obtain an 
answer of them. Signed, 

Margrieta Steenwyck. 

1685, Sept. 16. 

Thankful Acceptance of said Legacy, given in writing to the 
N'otary, Bogardus, to report to Margrieta de Riemer, widow 
of the late Mr. Steenwyck. 

We, the undersigned, present Elders of the Dutch Reformed 
Congregation in New York, for and in the name of the said Con- 
gregation, hereby thankfully accept the Legacy herein mentioned. 
But as the Manor therein bestowed, has, since the testator's 
death, been claimed by that of Westchester and is further en- 
cumbered by the same with a certain process, disputing the tes- 
tator's right to the same, and we are not at all in a situation 
properly to defend it: We therefore request that the Juffrow, 
being the lawful Executrix of the last will, and therefore the 
fittest person to maintain his right, will undertake to clear the 
Manor of the said claims, and put an end to the process, when 
the offered conveyance shall be thankfully accepted, and all the 
costs reimbursed. This the ISTotary was requested to report as 
what occurred. 

Signed in ]^ew York, September 16, 1685. 

P. J. Marius, J. Kerfbyl, J. Van Brug, 
J. De Key, Francis Rombout, Jacob 

According to the original, 

Henry Selyns. 

OF THE State of I^ew Yokk. 891 

Ordeb for a Day of Thanksgiving, Etc., for January 4th 
1685. Lib. A. 38, 39. 

A day of special Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer for tKe Dutch 
Reformed Church at !N^ew York, January 4, 1685. 

Honored, Beloved and Especial Friends and Associates: — 

Since it has pleased the Lord God in his undeserved pity, to 
preserve this land in peace and quiet, to bless this city with trades 
and professions, with navigation and commerce, but especially to 
preserve this church, gathered in a heathen land, in pure religion 
and freedom of conscience: all which we should properly ac- 
knowledge, or else be liable to the charge of great ingratitude, 
and merit severe penalties and judgements: Yet perceiving that 
the Lord, our righteous Judge, who has for some years threat- 
ened, and now threatens our land and city and church with 
very dark clouds, whose contents may come down to-day or to- 
morrow, or the day after, to our general loss and grief: And ob- 
serving that he, grieved with our sins, and transgressions that 
reach up to heaven, such as Sabbath desecration, indifference, 
cursing, gluttony, drunkenness, pride, wantonness and wanton 
dancings, is beginning to visit the land as to the harvests; the 
city, with loss of people and ships, and the church with certain 
defections and increase of errors: 

Therefore the Consistory of this Church, sorrowfully consider- 
ing these things in the fear of the Lord, has in duty and con- 
science judged it necessary to appoint and propose to the Con- 
gregation, a day of special Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer, 
namely, eight days hence, being Sunday, January 4th 1685 — 
then to praise with all our hearts Almighty God, the spring and 
source of every blessing, and with public thanksgiving to mag- 
nify his name for all the spiritual and temporal benefits, con- 
ferred upon us in the absence of all desert; and also humble 
ourselves who are but dust and ashes before him who is higher 


892 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

than tlie higliest, and entreat with lowly and earnest prayer, that 
he would increasingly bless both in body and soul, his Royal 
Majesty, and the Duke of York, and our entire land, our city and 
church; keep us in health, prosperity and peace, increase our 
trade on land and sea, feed us continually wath earthly bread, 
save us from every discord in matters of religion, and hold back 
every threatened judgement. 

But especially should we on the said day fall down in dust and 
ashes, and fast, and for greater abasement, abstain altogether 
from food, and strive with sincere tears of penitence to appease 
God's wrath and bring back the light of his countenance, and 
particularly, abandon our bosom sins as well as the above men- 
tioned iniquities, which have made our land and church deserve 
destroying plagues. 

Wherefore this congregation in general, and every member in 
particular, whether old or young, is requested and enjoined to 
observe the day appointed, by abstaining from all works of un- 
righteousness and vanity, and to come to the house of the Most 
High with much thankfulness and yet with humility, so that 
God's name may be praised, and invoked by us all, to the great- 
est welfare of our land and city, and the salvation of our church 
and our souls. 

Actum, 'New York, in our Ecclesiastical Meeting, 

Henry Selyns, Minister of the Gospel. 

Peter Jacobszen Marius 1 
Johannes Kerfbyl l v^A 

Johannes van Burg | 

Jacob de Key J 

OF THE State of IS^ew York. 893 

Rev. Josias Clarke. 

Aq incident illustrating the character of Rev. Josias Clarlie, Chaplain to the British 

forces, 1684-1686. 

Among the emigrants brought from Scotland in the " Seaflower ", was an enthu- 
siast, named David Jameson, ■who though lil)erally educated, had allied himself 
with a body of ranters, who abjured the various creeds of Christendom and 
rejected as well the received version of the Holy Scriptures. Having been exam- 
ined before the Duke of York, at Edinburgh, Jameson was condemned to transpor- 
tation to America, and Dr. George Lockhart, one of the proprietors of the " Sea- 
flower," was authorized to sell him as a " Redemptioner " to any one who would 
pay the cost of his passage. With the humane and kindly Impulses of a Christian 
and a scholar, Clarke, on the arrival of Jameson, promptly paid the redemption 
money, which " the chief men of the place " at once repaid to the charitable 
chaplain. The Scotch exile, thus saved from slavery, found occupation and a 
livelihood as master in a Latin school, for which position he was well prepared.— 
Perry's Hist. Am. EpiB. Ch. 1. 153. 

Classis op Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. Letter from Rev. Dellius. 

1685, Feb. 2nd. 

Two letters were read, one from Rev. Dellius from New Al- 
bany, dated October 15, 1684; tbe other from Rev. Francken, 
of Smyrna, dated September 24th, 1684. 

Extract from the letter of Rev. Dellius. 

He informs us that our letter, dated January 29, 1684, writ- 
ten to Rev. Selyns, and also another, written to him, have been 
received. In these he is informed that the church of (Henkelom) 
has made out a call upon him. He thanks the brethren for the 
information, and for their good advice to him on this matter. 
He is determined to decline this call at this time ; but he believes 
he will come back to the Fatherland, after the expiration of the 
period for which he is pledged, xxi. 286, 287. 


894 Ecclesiastical Records 


Veto of the Act Entitled, The Charter of Liberties and 
Privileges for the Province of New York. 

At tlie Committee of Trade and Plantations in the Council 
Chamber at Whitehall. Tuesday the 3rd of March 1684. (1685?) 

Present — The Kings Most Excellent Majesty. 

Lord Keeper Earl of Peterborough 

Lord Treasurer Earl of Sunderland ' 

'Lord President Earl of Middleton 

Lo. Privie Seale Ld. Viscount Falconberg 

Duke of Beaufort Lord Dartmouth 

Earl of Huntington Lord Godolphin 

Earl of Bridge water Mr. Chr. of ye Exchqr. 

The Charter of Incorporation of the Province of N^ew York, 
is read, and the several powers and privileges therein granted 
being considered His Majesty doth not think fitt to confirm the 
same. And as to the Government of IsTew York His Majesty is 
pleased to direct that it be assimilated to the Constitution that 
shall be agreed on for New England, to which it is adjoining. 
And in the meantime His Majesty orders a letter to be prepared 
for his Royal Signature directing Coll. Dongan Governor of 
New York to pursue such powers and Instructions as hee shall 
receive under His Majesties signet and sign manual, or by Order 
in Council until further Order. 

It is also thought fitt that, a Conveyance offering by Captaine 
Baxter, another letter be sent to Coll. Dongan from the Lords 
of the Council directing him to proclaim His Majesty King 
James the Second, according to the form of a Proclamation of 
the 6th instant, for continuing officers of Government till His 
Majesty's pleasure bee further known. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 357. 

OF TEE State of New Yoek. 



Obseevatioks Upon the Chartee of the Peovinoe of New 


Charter. That the Inhabitants of New York shall be governed by and accord- 

ing to the Laws of England. 

Observation. This Priviledge is not granted to any of His Majesty's Plantations 
where the Act of Habeas Corpus and all such other Bills do not take 

Char, Sheriffs and other Officers of Justice to be appointed with like 

power as in England. 

Obs. This is not so distinctly granted or practiced In any other Plan- 


Char. That the Supream Legislative Authority shall remain in the Gov- 

ernor, Councill and the People mett in a Generall Assembly. 

Obs. The words The People met in a Generall Assembly are not used 

in any other Constitution in America; But only the Words Generall 

Char. The Exercise of the Cheif Magistracy and Administration of the 

government shall be in the Governor assisted by a Councill; with 
whose advice and consent he shall and may govern and rule the said 
Province according to the laws established. 

Obs. If this oblige and restrain the Governor from doing anything with- 

out the Council] it is a greater restraint than any other Governor is 
subject to. 

Char. That according to the usage and practice of the Kingdom of Eng- 

land there shall be a sessions of a Generall Assembly to be called to 
meet once in three years or ofteuer. 

Obs. This is an Obligation upon the government greater than has been 

ever agreed to in any other Plantation, And the grant of such a 
priviledge has been rejected elsewhere, notwithstanding a Revenue 
offered to induce it. 

Char. Which Representatiues of the Province with the Governor and his 

Councill shall be the supream and only legislatiue power of the said 

Obs. Whether this does not abridge the Acts of Parliament that may 

be made concerning New York. 

Char. That all Bills agreed upon by the said Representatiues shall be 

presented by them to the Governor and Councill for the time being 
for their Approbation and Consent. 

Obs. This seems to take away from the Governor and Councill the power 

of framing Laws as in other Plantations. 

Char. Which Bills so approved shall be deemed a Law for the space of 

two years unless the Lord Proprietor shall signify his dissent within 
that time. That in case the Lord Proprietor shall confirm the Laws 
within that time, they shall continue in force untill repealed by the 
Assembly. That in case of Dissent or Determination of two years 
they shall be void. 

Oba. This Term of years does abridge the King's power, and has been 

thought inconvenient in other Plantations, and Is different from 
Colonel Dungan's Instructions. 

ChAJ. No person shall be admitted to sitt in the Assembly untill he hath 

taken the Oaths of Allegiance and Fidelity to the Lord Proprietor. 

OBb. This muBt be altered at present. 


896 Ecclesiastical Records 

Char. And by his submission and peaceable behaviour hath demonstrated 

his affection to the Government. 
Obs. This seems to be restrained by what follovrs. 

Char. That the Assembly shall with the consent of the Governor judge 

of undue elections, and the Qualifications of the Representatiues; 
And with the like consent to purge their house, and expell any mem- 
ber as they shall see occasion. 

Obs. This may be inconvenient, and is not practiced in some other 





That the forfeiture for not making due Entries shall be applyed, 
one third to the Lord Proprietor, one third to the Governor, and one 
third to the Informer. 

The Application to the Governor is unusuall. 

That all Christians shall enjoy Liberty of Conscience, so they do 
not disturb the peace. 

This is practised in the Proprieties. 

That every publick Minister upon Long Island shall be maintained 
according to subscriptions. That all Contracts made in New York 
for the Maintenance of the severall Ministers shall be made good. 

Tliis is agreeable to the Practice of New England, but not of hia 
Majesty's other Plantations. 


Observations upon the Charter of New York. 

Read 3, March 8 4/5. (1685) — Col. Docs. N. Y. ili. S5T-9. 

Order in Council, on the Accession of James II. 

Memorandum upon the decease of the late King Charles the second of ever 
blessed memory, on the sixth of February 1684; (1685) and the Accession of His 
Present Majesty King James the second to the Imperial Crown of England. The 
Propriety of the Province of New York and Its Dependencies being devolved to 
the Crown, the following Letter from the Council, together with the Proclamations 
inclosed, as therein mentioned, were sent to Coll. Dungan, His Majesty's Lieu- 
tenant and Governor of New York. 

Letter from the Council to Coll. Dungan. 

After our hearty comendacons: It having pleased Almighty God, on the sixth day 
of February last, to take to his mercy out of this troublesome life, our late Sov- 
ereign Lord, King Charles, of most Blessed memory; and thereupon His late 
Majesty's only Brother and heir, King James the second, being here proclaimed: 
Wee have thought fitt hereby to signify the same unto you, with directions that 
with the assistance of the Council and other ye principal Officers and Inhabitants 
of New York, You Proclaim His most sacred Majesty, according to the form here 
inclosed, with the Solemnitys and Ceremonys requisite on the like occasion. And 
inasmuch as the Propriety of the said Province of New York is wholly devolved 
upon the Crown, wee doe further transmit unto you His Majesty's most gracious 
Proclamation, signifying His Majesty's pleasure That all men being in Office of 
Government at the decease of the late King, His Majesty's most dear and most 
entirely beloved brother, shall soe continue as during his late Majesty's life, until 
His Majesty's pleasure bee further known; which wee doe in like manner will and 
require you forthwith to cause to bee proclaimed and published in ye Chief place 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 897 

or places within your Jurisdiction. And soe not doubting of your ready comply- 
ance lierein. Wee bid you heartily farewell. 

From the Council Chamber in Whitehall the iifth day of March 1684. (1685.) 

Your loving Friends, 
W. Cant C. S. Rochester Halifax. P. Clarendon C. P. S. 

Beaufort Arlington Huntingdon Sunderland 

Bathe Peterborow J. Bridgewater Ailesbury 

Middletou Craven 

John Nicholas. 

To our lo: friend 

Tho. Dongan Esq., His Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor of the Province of 
New York and its Dependencies in America. And in his Absence to the Comander 
in Cheif for the time being at New York.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 359, 360. 

KixG James II. to Governor Dongan. 

Trusty and v\-ell beloved, wee greet you well. Whereas by the decease of the 
late King, Our most dearly Beloved Brother, And Our Accession to the Imperial 
Crown of this Realm, Our Province of New York, the Propriety whereof was, by 
the letters patents of His said Majesty vested in us, is now wholly devolved upon 
Our Royal person and annexed to Our other Dominions. Wee doe hereby signify 
Our Will and Pleasure That you publish and make known the same to all Our lov- 
ing subjects within Our Province.* And as wee have been pleased, by Our Royal 
Proclamation, to direct that all men being in office of Government shall soe con- 
tinue therein untill further Order; soe wee doe hereby charge and require you to 
pursue such Powers and Instructions as wee have formerly given you, and such 
further Powers, Authority and Instructions as you shall at any time hereafter 
receive under Our Royall Signet and Sign Manual, or by Our Order in our Privy 
Council. And that you likewise give Our said loving subjects to understand, that 
having committed to Our said Privy Council the care of Our said Province, with 
the consideration of the several bills and Addresses lately presented unto us from 
Our Assembly there. They may shortly expect such a gracious and sutable return 
by the settlement of fitting privileges and confirmation of their rights, as shall be 
found expedient for Our service and the welfare of Our said Province. And soe 
wee bid you farewell. Given at Our Court at Whitehall, the 5th day of March in 
the first year of Our Reign. 

By his Majesty's Command. — Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 360. 

Order Concerning the Deacons of the Church of New 


1685, March 13. 

Act concerning the sale, conveyance of lands for the poor, and 
the reception of new poor (under their charge.) lib. A. 41, of 
English translation. 

The Consistory, and Deacons of the Dutch Church and of the 
poor of Isew York, having met concerning the sale and convey- 
ance of the poor-lands, and other matters touching the service 
of the Deacons, 

* King James II, was proclaimed in the City of New York on the 23rd of April, 
1685. — Council Minutes, v. 109. 




898 Ecclesiastical Eecobds 

Kesolved, after calling on the name of tlie Lord, as of old, that 

(1) No real estate shall be alienated or sold unless the 
Deacons shall previously give notice to the Minister and Elders^ 
and act according to their counsel and determination. 

(2) No poor-moneys shall be placed or deposited with or with- 
out security, unless after a similar notice as above. 

(3) No poor shall be taken under the charge of the Deacons, 
unless the Consistory have had previous notice of the same. 

All this, for reasons, was agreed upon between the Consistory 
and the Deacons, to be inviolably followed hereafter. 
Henry Selyns, Minister. 
Signed also by the Elders and Deacons. 

(The Consistory, in Holland, embraced only the Minister and 
Elders. In America, towaj'ds the middle of the Eighteenth cen- 
tury, the Deacons began to be included under the term.) 

Acts of the Chassis of Amsterdam. 

Kev. Du Bois as to the Call of Rev. Dellius, 

1685, May 7th. 

Rev. Du Bois, minister at Gorinchem, made known both by word 
of mouth, and by a letter handed in from the Rev. Classis of 
Gorinchem, that although the documents of the call of the church 
of the town of Henkelom on Rev, Dellius, now minister at New 
Albany in America, or at least the copy of the same, had been 
sent to him (Dellius) a long time ago ; yet that neither the church 
of Henkelom, nor the Classis of Gorinchem, had received any 
reply thereto. He asked therefore, whether this Classis had re- 
ceived any information of the inclination and resolve of Rev. 
Dellius regarding the said call. The Rev. Classis resolved to give 
Rev. Du Bois as answer, that hitherto this Classis had received 
no definitely clear answer from Rev. Dellius on this subject. She 
will, however, as soon as possible, write again to him, and seek a 

OF THE State of New York. 899 

final answer from him as soon as possible. When this shall have 
been secured, it shall be made known to the Rev. Classis of Gorin- 
chem by Eevs. Deputies ad res Indicas. vii. 376; xix. 228. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Godfridus Dellius, May 7, 
1685. xxvii. 182. 

Reverend Brother, Godfridus Dellius: — 

From yours of October 15, 1684, we learn that you had, 
through a certain letter of ours to Rev. Selyns, as also through 
reports coming to you from collateral sources, received informa- 
tion of the call made upon you by the church of Henckelem; and 
that you remained in expectation of the original documents after 
this preliminary receipt of the news. These were sent to you in 
order, on October 24, (1684), with the advice of our Rev. Classis 

We perceive with satisfaction, in your above mentioned letter, 
your readiness to follow this advice, yet we do not understand 
your exact meaning, as plainly as we wish, respecting your ac- 
ceptance or declination of said call. We have therefore been 
directed by the Rev. Classis to address you again, and to request 
you seriously, since you are now furnished completely with all 
requisite documents, together with the opinion of the Classis, to 
be pleased to express yourself clearly, at the first opportunity, 
with regard thereto. Also, without further delay, send your 
final decision, in accordance with the earnest desire of the church 
of Henckelem. To this topic restricting ourselves, we remain, 
after wishing all prosperity and blessing upon yourself and ser- 
vices. Rev. Brother, 

Your affectionate brethren in Christ, 
The Deputati ad res Maritimas. 
Johannes Brandolphus, Johannes Relandt, 
Amsterdam, Gisbertus Oestrum, Caspar Voskuyl. 

May 7, 1685. 


900 Ecclesiastical Records 


Rev. Dellius Asks foe His Dismissioa^ feom Albajnty. 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany July 6, 1685. 

The Consistory of this City appearing in Court inform their Worships that Domine 
Godefridus Dellius resigned his ofBce as Minister last Thursday at the Consistorial 
fissembly, and requests his demission, as his Reverence is advised of a call for 
Tiim to Ilenclem in Patria. To which his Rev. was answered that it was a matter 
of no small importance, and should therefore communicate it to the old Con- 
sistory next Monday; and the Members aforesaid being assembled, the inquiry was 
Toade if the Classis had sent letters to them by Domine Dellius, but none were 
found; On the contrary the letters were sent to the Court and therefore he was 
referred to the Court through whom he was called and to whom he was consigned. 

Whereupon Domine Dellius appeared in Court and informed their Worships that 
Tie requested his demission from the Consistory, who referred him to their Worships; 
and as it is directly contrary to the order of the Netherlands Church, to demand 
'demission from the Political authority, he, therefore, requests that he may receive 
his demission from the Consistory, and if not, a Certificate. 

Their Worships learn with great grief and surprise the proposition and communi- 
cation of Domine Dellius; request to know the reason of his Reverences departure 
and if his Rev. is not satisfactorily paid his salary. It is their Worships' Opinion 
that should he act thus, it will be a violation of his promise, whereby he pledged 
himself, when his salary was raised, on his arrival, from nine hundred gl. Beaver 
to Nine hundred gl. Hollands, that he should not leave this Congregation unless 
something extraordinary occurred; secondly as the call has not been exhibited, they 
require to see it, considering that it is a very strange thing to call a Minister from 
America, where he is so necessary. 

His Reverence says that he is promptly paid to his full contentment and satis- 
faction, but being advised of a call to Henckelum, which he cannot now exhibit, 
Jhe is wholly disposed to return home and prosecute his advancement. 

Whereupon their W. desire to know what advancement his Reverence looks for; 
tliat they should recommend it, for their W. considering that Domine Schaets, 
their old Minister, is very feeble and again, that it was requisite he should remain 
under existing circumstances, when so many strange shepherds are lifting up their 
heads as we daily see; but the Domine persisting in his proposal to depart, and 
should no demission be given him, he required a simple certificate for he was' 
fully resolved to return Home and nothing should persuade him to remain even 
though he left without a certificate. 

Their W. of the Court by and with the advice of the consistory, both new and old, 
resolved, if Domine Dellius is in no way to be persuaded to remain, that he may 
then go but on his own authority, and that no Demission can be given him, it' 
Toeing contrary to the Will and Inclination of the Congregation. — Doc. Hist. N, 
Y. iii. 537. 

Action on Request of Rev. Dellius. 

Die Mercury 8thdo [8 July] 1685. 

The Consistory informs their W. of the Court that the Rev. Domine Godefridus 
Dellius proposed to them as he perceives the unwillingness of the Congregation to 
let him depart, that he will conclude to remain until the Spring, and Jeopardize 
his call so long, in order to preserve the sheep from all straying at this Conjuncture, 
on condition that he shall depart for Patria in the Spring and that in the first 
ship. Meanwhile letters shall be written by him and the Consistory to the' 
Classis of Amsterdam, Gorcum and to the City of Henclum to procure another 
Minister in his place, in which he shall perform his duty. 

Their W. of the Court answer the Consistory that they can inform Domine' 
Dellius that if his Rev. will resolve to remain some years, they shall be well pleased 
to do their duty in affording him every satisfaction in the world; but if not his Rev. 
may adhere to his previously adopted Resolution. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 538. 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 901 


Synod of ]SroETii Holland, at Edam. 

1685, July 31-ATig. 9. 
Article 11. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Dellius, of October 15, '1684. 

He notifies iis that ours of January 17, 1681, written to Rev 
Selyns and some one else and to himself, had been received; in 
which he was informed of the call of (the church of) Henkelom 
on him. 

Article 25. 

Labadists and Coelman. 

Ad Art. 27. Treating of the Labadists and of Coelman, the 
Rev. Correspondents have read from their Minutes; also the sev- 
eral Classes have related, how each, within its o^vn borders^ 
watches against them. The Rev. Classes were further recom- 
mended to take good care against both the one, (the sect), and the 
other, (the man). 

1682-1685. Attestations. Lib. A. 31, 32, of English Trans- 
lation, Mints. Ch. of jSTew York. Concerning payments to a 
Minister's Widow. 

(1) Custom in I^ortli Holland, 

We, the undersigned, ministers of the Reformed Churches of 
Jesus Christ in the Classis of Amsterdam, testify, at the request 
of the pious and learned Domine, Henry Selyns, that Ministers' 
widows after the death of their husbands, draw not only the 
salary of the quarter, in which their husbands died, but besides 
that, a half years salary, without any abatement. And at the 
end of that year, draw yearly for life, one hundred guilders. 
Which, in testimony of its truth, we subscribe with our own 
hands. Johannes Brandolphus, Minister at Wesop. 

Caspar Voskuyl, Minister at Wesop. 


902 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

(2) Custom in Utrecht. The same. 

Signed, Henricns Ten Brinck, Minister at Witnis. 
Cornelius Gentman, Minister at Utrecht. 

(3) Custom in South Holland. 

That this compensation, through all South Holland, is given to 

ministers' widows, and is still enjoyed bj my sister, a Minister's 

widow at ]^oordrecht, I testify. 

Casparus Van Zuuren. 

The day of his departure 
to Holland, May 17, 1685. 

I^Tota bene. Being called and conditioned according to the 
usage of the HoUandish churches that is exhibited thus plainly, 
in order to be sooner and better observed, by the third article of 
the contract of the foregoing call [of Domine Selyns.] 

According to the original, 

Henry Selyns. 
August 16, 1685. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, Septem- 
ber 1, 1685. Referred to in xxi. 296. 

To the Rev., Pious, Very Learned Mr. Gisbert Oestrum, minister 
at Amsterdam. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Sir: — 

I duly received in the middle of August your favor of the 7th 
of May (1685) and learned therefrom that the Rev. Classis had 
sent me, with their advice thereon, the Henckelem call, on the 
24th of October 1684. You now demand that I, without further 
delay, and by the first opportunity, shall finally decide as to its 
acceptance or declination. Your Reverence will please to take 
notice that the letter written by Mr. Homoet on the 4th of July 

or THE State of ISTew York. 903 

1684, and which you thought had been despatched on the 24th of 
October, remained in the hands of Mr. de WolfP until the 25th of 
April current, (1685), and has been sent to me only now with the 
excuse, that he had not been able to find an earlier chance. I 
have only just received it simultaneously with yours. 

The Rev. Deputies upon the advice of the Rev. Classis, in their 
first letter, sought to dissuade me from accepting said call. They 
did this both because they had taken notice of the satisfaction of 
the congregation with me, and because I am supposed to have 
further engaged myself to this church by their increase of my 
salary. This reason was hardly presented to the Rev. Classis in 
good faith. Before I came here from Holland, Messrs. Rensselaer 
and de Wolff, authorized the calling me a second time, and prom- 
ised me a second contract, that nine hundred florins should be 
paid to me, not in beavers or wheat as stipulated in the first con- 
tract, by which I claimed to have been led astray, but in Holland 
money. I receive therefore, no increased salary, but the proposed 
payment in beavers or grain was changed into a specie payment 
in silver. The first reason would have been powerful enough, viz., 
to follow the wise counsel of the Rev. Deputies and to stay here, 
if I had received it immediately after the call. Then the church 
might have been in a position to be grateful for their favor, (the 
favor of the Classis). But inasmuch, as, in the meantime, it has 
not wearied them (of Henckelem) to wait so long for me ; and as 
I have not even darkly hinted to them that by sending over the 
call their desires would be so far gratified; so now I feel that I 
am compelled, and may the Rev. Classis approve of my determina- • 
tion, to accept the said call, as I hereby do, and to exchange for 
another church this dear and growing congregation, of whose es- 
teem and affection I am fully satisfied; and which has been pleased 
to bestow much trouble upon retaining me. I pray God, that he 
will be pleased to bless our services there, as he has done here. 
I have also written to the church at Henckelem, that I accept their 
«all, and with God's help intend to return to the Fatherland some- 



904 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

time yet tliis year. I remain, with my wishes of salvation for you^ 
and blessings upon you, your services and your families. 
Reverend, Pious, Very Learned Sir, 

Your humble and obedient servant, 

G. Dellius- 
ISTew Albany, 
the 1st of Sept. 

Eev. Jean de Lamberville to Governor Dongan. 

1685, Sept. 10. 
My Lord: 

I had the honour not long since to write to you; it was last month; Since the 
despatch of my last letter, the Senecas who were desirous to make trouble and to 
persuade the Mohawks and other villages to unite with them against Mons. de 
la Barre, have changed their minds; since they were assured that the peace con- 
cluded last year, as you desired, would not be broken by M. de la Barre, as they 
were maliciously told, and as a hundred false reports which are never ceased being 
related would persuade them. To complete successfully what you have so well 
begun, it only remains to exhort the Senecas to add a few more peltries to the 
ten beavers and thirty otters which they left in deposit with the Onnontagues to 
satisfy Mr. de la Barre, as you last year recommended them to do. Let your zeal 
for the publick peace, and especially for the Christians of this America Induce 
you, if you please, to put the finishing stroke to this good work and to recommend 
the Senecas and other villages not to attach credit to the recent floating rumors, 
since it is true that the Governor of Canada desires with all his heart that all 
things should be quiet, and to second your just intentions. The Onnontagues and 
those who are of their opinions, have operated powerfully on the minds of the 
said Senecas to induce them to resume thoughts of peace, as Mr. Arnout, bearer 
of this letter, who was present at what was done and said, can inform you, and 
from whom you will be glad to receive the news. 

Since peace, through your care, will apparently last, we shall continue to carry 
the Christian Faith through this country, and to solicit the Indians, whom you 
honor with your friendship, to embrace it as you yourself embrace it, for this is the 
sole object that has caused us to come here, that the blood of Jesus Christ, shed 
for all men, may be useful to them, and that His glory may be great throughout 
the earth. 

If you will please to honor me with a line from your hand you can have your 
letter given to one named Garakontie who is deputed from the Onnontagues to 
repair to the Diet which you have convoked at Albany. Do him the charity to' 
exhort him to be a good Christian, as he was whose name he bears, and who was 
his brother. Recommend him I beseech you not to get drunk any more, as he^ 
promised when he was baptized, and to perform the duties of a Christian. One 
word from you will have a wonderful effect on his mind, and he will publish' 
throughout that it is not true that the English forbid them to be Christians since 
jou who command them will have exhorted him to persevere therein. 

I pray God who has given us the grace to be united in the same Catholic faith, 
to unite us also in Heaven; and that he may heap his favors on you here om 

OF THE State of J^ew Yoek. 905 

earth, is the wish of him who is perfectly, aad with all manner of respect. My, 


Your very humble and very obedient Servant 

Jean de Lamberville, 
of the order of Jesuits, (called in Indian, Teiorhensere).* 

Oblige me, I request you, to have the enclosed sent to its address. 

Please, My Lord, pardon me the liberty which I take to present my humble- 
respects to the Governor of Virginia, who is called among the Indians, Big Sword 
or Cutlass,* who I learn is with you at Albany to whom, some time ago, I caused 
to be restored an Englishman named Robelman, whom these Indians here had 
plundered and captured, and whom I took into my hut to save him from the fury 
of some refractory people and from those who would make him their slave. It 
is the least service I would desire to render him. — Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 453-4. 

1685? Reverend Father Dablon to Governor Dongan. 

The peace of our Lord. 

I have learned by the letters to the two Fathers de Lamberville, who are with 
the Iroquois of Onnontage, the kindness you have for them and the protection 
you afford them in their difficult position where zeal for God's glory and for the 
salvation of souls alone occupies them. 

As God hath willed that they should be under my guidance, it has been theiP 
duty to inform me to what extent you carried the affection of which you afford 
them sueh sensible proofs, and what you have been so good as to do to extricate 
the younger from the danger to which he was exposed during his elder brother's 

I am already aware that your protection extends even to the trouble of saving 
them from a thousand sorts of insults to which they are exposed especially during 
the drunken debauches which constitute one of their severest martyrdoms. In a 
word, they have informed me that you spare no pains to procure for them the 
repose necessary for the exercise of their functions, furnishing them also the means 
to send many souls to Paradise. 

Here is. Sir, sufficient cause to oblige me to express to you by this letter, which 
I have the honor to write you, how sensible I am of so many kindnesses, the- 
continuance of which I make bold to ask of you through the adorable blood of 
Jesus Christ whose precious remains those Fathers are collecting among the 

I cannot hope to be ever able to acknowledge them as I ought; but I can assert 
that God will be the witness of my gratitude, and that I shall often pray Him to 
be your rich reward and to heap His holy Blessings on you in time and eternity. 
This is what I ask him with as much ardour as I am with respect. 
Your very humble and very obedient servant, 

Claude Dablon, 

of the Society of Jesus. 
— Col. Docs. X. Y. ill. 4.54. 

* Signifying, " The Dawning of the Day ". Colden's Five Nations, 107. It Is 
derived from the Onondaga word, iorhenha — the morning. 

* In Indian, Assarigoa. Colden's Five Nations, 49. In the Mohawk version of 
the Gospel of St. John, attributed to the Chief Norton, the word " Sword ", (xviii. 
10), is rendered by the term Asharego-a. which signifies, literally, "Big knife"; 
being compounded (see Gallatin's Vocabulary) of Ausehirlee, knife, and goa, big. 



906 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. Eev. Henry Selyns to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, Sept. 20, 1685. 

To the Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Domine Gisbertus 
Oostrum, P. T., Deputy for the foreign churches, and faith- 
ful pastor of Christ's Church at Amsterdam, 

To be delivered to himself. 

New York, the 20th of Sept. 1685. O. S. 
My dear Sir: — 

When Domine Van Zuuren removed to Gouderack, I at last 
persuaded the vacant churches of Long Island, with the excep- 
tion of I^ew Uytrecht, to convene for the call of a preacher. 
This was to be done on their behalf by the Rev. Classis of Am- 
sterdam. Pull power and authority for it was sent to the Rev. 
Classis by the ship " Beaver ". To have it done as quickly as 
possible, there was enclosed a draft of one hundred and fifty 
florins, Holland currency, payable by Reynier van Brug, who 
lives on New Street, in Amsterdam. 

But lest the " Beaver " should be shipwrecked, which may 
God forbid, or captured, a copy of the former letter written by 
said churches to the Classis, is here enclosed, with a duplicate of 
the draft for the same amount and order, if the first remains un- 
paid. This is to induce the Rev. Classis to send us an able pastor 
by the same ship " Beaver ", or by another ship about to sail^ 
the " Hopewell "; or at least by the next, the " New York ". 

The enclosure will inform you how urgent is this case, for th& 
Antwerp man, it is said, has been engaged by the Xing. Con- 
cerning the Labadists — their blustering has mostly been 
quenched; but now, upon the arrival of some more from the house- 
at Wiewarden, they again protrude their heads above the water. 
They have been reinforced also by Dutch Quakers, who have- 
come to Long Island. Their impudent head and teacher, Telle- 

OF THE State of Xew York. 907 

naer, intended to go and live in Pennsylvania, but he remained 
here and has not yet left, because of Domine van Zuuren's de- 
parture. He has dared, may God help us, to disturb public 
divine service at Breuckelen and Midwout, on one Sunday at 
the former place, and on the next Sunday at the latter. He 
comes assisted by his confrater, singing into the church. He 
pushes himself forward and sits down near the pulpit. After 
public prayer he rises and calls out loudly, that it has been re- 
vealed to him by God to say something to this congregation 
which is now without a pastor: that they had until the present 
time, only an hireling, who drew wages. He offers his service 
as pastor for nothing; and as heretofore they had been deceived 
by a false divine service, he is sent to them to preach the true 
and living God. One of the Elders ordered Tellenaer to be silent 
and pushed him, amid great commotion and disturbance, away 
from the baptismal fount. The constable then led him out of 
the church. After the service they went to the school house. 
There, with great audacity, he boasted of being without sin, and 
spoke against original sin, psalm singing, baptism, communion, 
and the righteousness ascribed to Christ. He shook his head, 
brushed the dust from his feet, and delivered up all, who were not 
willing to listen to his word, to the evil one. 

But besides this, certain troubles are arising in other of the 
neighboring churches. Certain men came over last year with cer- 
tificates from Sluys in Flanders, and from Middleburg and Groode, 
in Zeeland. They were only tailors or shoemakers or cobblers, 
yet they endeavored to be promoted in this place or in that to the 
ofiice of precentor and schoolmaster. Some of them were as- 
sisted by me because of their great zeal; but how is it possible to 
agree with most of them? They speak against the church, public 
prayer and the liturgy of the church. They say we are Coel- 
manists, catechize, have private exercises and special prayers ; and 
almost say, that the public prayers are spurious. True believers 
are grieved at these things and look forward to very great troubles 
therefrom to the church of God. 

908 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

I lived in Abraham's bosom at Waverveen; but am sorrowful 
to live here among so many wild beasts and bulls of Bashan. It 
is sad that the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam sees all this with an 
unmoved eye, without showing the least commiseration; without 
holding out the smallest hand of brotherly love. 

But to remedy these things, we request, that from the Synodi- 
cal Kepertorium (or General Digest of Acts), some extracts may 
be sent to us concerning schoolmasters and precentors in order 
that churches and schools in this country may be regiilated and 
conducted according to the familiar usages of the churches and 
schools in the iSTetherlands. In particular, there is a person from 
Middleburg whose name, as we understand it is Gelande Goutrier. 
The church at B. (Brookhm?) desires to have a minister but for a 
very little. They wanted the Eev. Classis to examine him as to 
his knowledge ; but understanding that it would cost one hundred 
and fifty florins, Holland currency, they looked at each other 
vnthout saying anything. A request was then made to have 
the examination and ordination performed here, as in the case 
of Domine Tesschenmaker. But we remembered the struggles 
of the city of Batavia, and those of Ceylon, in their efforts to make 
licentiates out of Comforters of the Sick, and Ministers out of 
Licentiates;* and especially that it would lean towards the Inde- 
pendents of Xew England, and therefore I refused to second it, 
and spoke against it. Let the Eev. Classis, as well as myself and 
my church, be faithful (to Church-Order.) I shall remain faith- 
ful to the very end. Those people alluded to, seem to have some 
evil intentions; and who, God help us, seems to care for the re- 
sult. Here is a grain merchant, but neither a licentiate nor 
minister, and he offers his services to take charge of a congrega- 
tion in this country. He would be satisfied vdth a salary of per- 
haps three hundred and fifty florins, Holland currency. I leave 
it to you to consider, whether this does not savour of simony; 

* For an account of these irregularities in Batavia, See Hofstede. Cost ludische 
Kerkzaken, 1779. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 909 

whether it does not tend to the ruin of all ministerial service, 
and to open the door to many irrational novelties. 

Yonr Eeverences may now judge whether we have no reasons 
for complaints and to pour our lamentations from our souls, when 
so many spirits of error, myriad-eyed, wait for the destruction 
of the Church of God; while the Kev. Classis turns not a single 
eye of pity, nor casts even the slightest glance for the strength- 
ening of a distant church which is in deadly peril. 

I dare not detain your Keverences any longer and shall await 
for what I requested. Domine Tesschenmaker has been called 
to Schenechtade, but is in doubt whether to accept it or not. 
Domine Dellius, who received the letter from the Classis, wrote 
to me two weeks ago about returning home this year. BQs 
Reverence suffers, as I am told by travellers from Albanj^, with 
some severe complaint. Domine Weeksteen remains under the 

In closing I shall ask you to greet D. D. Roelant, Brandolphus 
and Voskuyl, your fellow Deputies for foreign aifairs, and to 
read to them, or if necessary, to the Eev. Classis, this letter. Vale. 

Your willing brother, 

Henricus Selyns. 

CoNDiTioisrAL Legacy to the Poor of the Dutch Chuech. 
Lib. a. 44 of Minutes. English Translation. 

Be it known to every one whom it may concern, that I, the un- 
dersigned, Maria Gordon, wdfe of Domine John Gordon, being on 
my journey to England in the ship Hopew^ell, John Forna, 
Master, of my own free will, good reasons and opinions, my con- 
science moving me thereto, by title of donatio causa mortis, a gift 
in view of death, have given and granted, as I hereby do to the 
after described persons, (1) To the Deacons of the Dutch Ee- 
formed Congregation in the City of 'New York, for the behoof 
of the poor of the same, the just half of all my outstanding debts, 


910 Ecclesiastical Records 

(credits,) actions and claims, v/liich are actually due to me from 
different persons dwelling in the province of ISTew York and tlie 
neigkborliood thereof, and elsewhere in America, according to 
the book accounts, reckonings, obligations, hypotheeks and other 
documents and proofs thereof, being and resting in the hands of 
Mr. Dirck Yander Cliff, etc. 

Well premeditated, and with good intention and understand- 
ing, signed and sealed in 'New York, September 30, 1685. 

Maria Gordon, [l. s.] 
William Bogardus, 
Witnesses, ISTotarj Public. 

Isaac Grevenraet, s ^ 

G. Y. Tricht. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Inquiry as to Eev. Dellius. 

1685, Oct. 1st. 

Rev. John van Leesten, of the Classis of Gorinchem, inquired 
in the name of that Classis, whether this Classis had received 
further news of Rev. Dellius, whereof (mention is made) in Acta 
of May Yth, 1685. Also if it have any knowledge of a pledge 
(covenant) of Rev. Dellius to the church of ISTew Albany? The 
Classis replies that it has received no later news from Rev.- Dellius 
of the church of Xew Albany; but we have in our possession a 
letter from the magistrates at JSTew Albany, in which it is stated 
that Rev. Dellius was bound to the church of that place for four 
years after August 1682; and that the Depp, ad res Indicas 
would furnish the Classis of Gorinchem, if it so desire, with a 
copy of that letter, vii. 398; xix. 230. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 911 . 


Call of Eev. Varick to 'New IN'etherland. 

1685, :N'ov. 12tli. 

Eev. Rudolphus "Varick, minister, having offered his services 
to the Classis, to minister to the church in 'New I^etherland, the 
same was gladly accepted by the Eev. Classis. He was subse- 
quently unanimously called as minister in New ISTetherland, with 
the proviso that he shall have the choice of such churches as shall 
be vacant at the time of his departure for ISTew jSTetherland. vii. 

General Thanksgiving foe the King's Victory. Lib. A. 51, 
English Translation of Mints, of Church of ISTew York. 

1685, Dec. 13. 
By the Governor in Council: — 

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God to give to his most sacred 
Majesty, James II, etc., our most gracious King, so signal and 
absolute victories over the late rebels; a blessing so great that it 
extends to this as well as to the rest of his Majesty's dominions: 
and Whereas, nothing is more acceptable to the divine goodness 
than the due tribute of praise and thanksgiving; and nothing more 
effectual to preserve good order and repose than hearty thanks 
for deliverance from rebellion and tumults: It is therefore 
thought fit and ordered that a solemn day be appointed, to render 
the most public and cheerful expressions for God's great mercy 
and bounty. And that it may be the more unanimously per- 
formed, Sunday the 13 of December next ensuing, is the day 
appointed to render thanks and praises to almighty God through- 
x)ut this province. Hereby we (wish) all ministers and preachers 
to excite their people to a due sense of God's great goodness and 
blessings, and to pray earnestly to the King of Kings that his 
majesty may reign long and happily over all his subjects, and 
never have occasion for or obtain victories; and that there may 


912 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

be always one of his Koyal line to sit on the throne of his illus- 
trious ancestors so long as the sun and moon endure. 

And since the Turks are so violently bent to subvert and extir- 
pate the Christian religion and people; all who believe in Christ 
are therefore required to offer up their hearty thanks for the good 
success of the Christian armies against the Ottoman sword, to- 
gether with their earnest prayers for the happy continuance of 
the same; that the power and the cruel outrage of the infidels 
may cease, and all Christendom enjoy a perfect tranquillity and 

- All Christians within this government are strictly commanded 
to observe the aforesaid 13th day of December with all sobriety^ 
seriousness and devotion, agreeably to so solemn a time and oc- 

Given under my hand at Fort William, New York, the 20th 

day of ISTovember, 1685. 

Thomas Dongan. 
Passed the Office, 

J. Spragg, Secretary. 

Rev. Samuel Ebukn (?) at Beookhavex, L. I. 


" Mr. Samuel Eburne the minister of tliis towne, being at a towne meeting lield 
by Mr. Justice Woodhull, liis warrent elected by a vote to be minister of this 
towne and parrish; and it being proposed unto him by the Towne, in regard of 
some tender consciences, that he would omitt the ceremonies in the Book of 
Common Prayer, in publick worshipe; the said Mr. Samuel Eburne hath promised 
and by the presents covenant and promise to, and with the Inhabitants andl 
Parrishioners of this towne, that according to their desire with regard of their 
tender consciences to omitt and not use the aforesaid ceremonies neither in his 
publick worship or administracon of the Sacraments excepting to such persons as 
shall desire the same. In wittness whereof the said Samuel Eburne hath hereunto 
set his hand. Wittness my hand, 


Records of Towne of Brookhaven, of 1685, p. 63. Quoted by Dix, i. 56, note. See 
Document under date of Oct. 28, 1682. 

OF THE State of New York. 913 

To the Governor and Council of the Province of 'N'ew York 
AND Dependencies. 

The Address of the people called Quakers of this Province Sheweth: 

That whereas the said People have in all matters wherein the freedom of their 
Consciences are not concerned, readily obeyed and doe obey the wholesome Laws 
of this Government one of which Laws by the favour of the King and his' 
Gouvernour hath by an Act of Assembly entitled the Chartre of the Liberties, 
wherein this Clause is Contained, That no person or persons Professing faith in 
God by Jesus Christ, shall at any time be any wayes molested punnished dis-' 
quieted called in question for any difference in opinion or matter of Religious 
concernment who do not actually disturb the Civil peace of the Province, but' 
that all and every such person and persons shall from time to time and at all 
times freely have and fully enjoy his and their judgements and consciences in 
matters of Religion throughout the Province. 

Now whereas notwithstanding the Liberty and freedome granted unto all pro- 
fessing Faith in God by Jesus Christ in the aforesaid act, the said people called 
Quakers have in several parts of the government bein molested and disquieted in 
having their goods distrained and taken away for not training which the said 
People doe conceive and apprehend to bee an infringement upon the Liberty 
granted in the forecited Act, by reason the said people do refuse the bearing of 
Arms upon no other account then as they Conscienciously dare not in obedience 
to God and not out of any Contempt to Authority, as is well known by the practice 
of said people in other parts of the World as well as here. Therefore the said 
people doe Intreat the Governor and Council aforesaid to take into their most 
serious consideration the premises aforesaid, so that the said people may be relieved 
in the Dammages already sustained and prevented from the like Sufferings 

Att a Councill held ye 24, Feb. 1686 prt. his Excellency etc. 

Addresse of the Quakers read — upon which the Councill on perusall of the acts 
requiring trayneing unanimously gave it for their Opinion that no man can bee 
exempted from that obligation and that such as make fayluer therein lett their 
pretents be what they will must submitt to ye undergoing such penaltyes as by 
the said Act is provided.— Doe. Hist. N. Y. iii. 607, 608. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. A letter from Eev. Dellius accepting tlie 
call of Henkelom. A letter from Rev. Casparus van Suuren, 
(Ziiuren.) Rev. Rudolplius Varick called to Long Island. 

1686, March 12th. 

A letter was read from Rev. Godfridiis Dellius dated Septem- 
ber 1, 1685. In this he roundly declared himself in favor of the 
church of Henkelom. He has written to the church herself on 
the subject, and says that he accepts her call in the fear of the 




914 EccLESilsTiCAL Eecoeds 

Lord, and that he hopes ere long to let himself be found in per- 
son among them, for the fulfilling of his duties. 

There was also received a letter from Long Island. In this 
they make request, that as soon as possible a minister may be 
sent to them in the place of Rev. Van Suuren, (Zuuren). The 
Classis having looked about, as they had opportunity, for a 
capable person, finally struck the good fortune of finding one not 
disinclined thereto. This was the Rev. Rudolphus Varick, minis- 
ter at Hem,* in the Northern Quarter. In order further to dis- 
pose him to accept the service of the said churches in those far 
off regions, and to put matters in proper shape; since he has been 
unanimously called thither by the Classis, and he himself has also 
been pleased to follow up the said call in the fear of the Lord; 
and for the further carrying into effect the said call, both in re- 
gard to his church at Hem, and in regard to the Rev. Classis of 
Enckhuysen; the Revs. Gisbert Oostrom, and John Brandolphus 
are appointed a Committee thereto, xxi. 296. 

Rev. Yarick. 

1686, April 1st. 
The call of the Rev. Varick to New Netherland had already 
been carried into effect to such an extent by Rev, Deputati that he 
was dismissed (dissolved) not only from the Classis of Enckhuy- 
sen, and the church of Hem, but was already on the way thither, 
vii. 404:. 

Acts of the Deputies. Varick. 

1686, April 2nd. 

Rev. Oostrom made known, that the Comimittee, consisting of 
himself and Rev. Brandolphus, mentioned in the previous Acta, 
had secured the dismission of Rev. Varick from the church of 

* This is the church, between Hoorn and Enlihuysen, in which Rev. Jonas 
Michaelius was settled, 1614-1624, who in 1628 became the first minister in New 
York. See note on Hem, in connection with his name. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 915 

Hem, and from the Rev. Classis of Enckhuysen, with satisfac- 
tory testimonials of esteem for his person and work. 

The answer to the letter of Rev. Selyns was also despatched 
by Rev. Oostrom, with the exception of the School regulations. 
These are to be taken out of the Repertorium, (the Digest) and 
will be sent to him at the next opportunity, xxi. 298. 

1686, April 20. 

€*ommission of Rev. Alexander Innes as Chaplain. Same as 
that to Rev. Josias Clark, June 16, 1684. Doc. Hist. iii. 

Seceet Insteuctions Sent by James II. to Governor Don- 
GAN, OF Kew York. 

1686, May 29. 


Repeal of Charter of Liberties. 
12. " And whereas we have been presented with a Bill or Charter passed in ye 
late Assembly of New York, containing several franchises, privileges and Im- 
munitys mentioned to be granted to the Inhabitants of our said Province. You are 
to Declare Our Will and pleasure that ye said Bill or Charter of Franchise bee- 
forthwith repealed and disallowed, as ye same is hereby Repealed, determined and 
made void " 

but they were to continue the duties and Impositions mentioned In said Charter. 


31. You shall take especial care that God Almighty bee devoutly and duely 
served throughout your Government: the Book of Common Prayer, as it is now 
established, read each Sunday and Holyday, and the Blessed Sacrament adminis- 
tered according to the Rites of the Church of England. You shall be careful that 
the Churches already built there shall be well and orderly kept and more built as 
ye Colonic shall, by God's blessing, bee improved. And that besides a competent 
maintenance to bee assigned to ye minister of each Church, a convenient House 
bee built at the Comon charge for each Minister, and a competent proportion of 
Land assigned hira for a Glebe and exercise of his Industry. 

32. And you are to take care that the Parishes be so limited and settled as you 
shall find most convenient for ye accomplishing this good work. 

33. Our will and pleasure is that no Minister be preferred by you to any' 
Ecclesiastical Benefice in that our Province, without a Certificate from ye most 
Reverend the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury or his being conformable to ye Doc- 
trine and Discipline of the Church of England, and of good life and Conversation. 

34. And if any person preferred already to a Benefice shall appear to you to give 
scandal either by his Doctrine or Manners, you are to use the best means for ye 
removal of him; and to supply the vacancy in such manner as wee have directed. 
And also our pleasure is that, in the direction of al^ Church Affairs, the Minister 
be admitted into the respective vestrys. 


916 Ecclesiastical Records 

35. And to th' end the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the said Archbishop of 
Canterbury may talie place in that Our Province as farr as conveniently may bee. 
Wee doe think fltt that you give all countenance and encouragement in ye exercise 
of the same; excepting only the Collating to Benefices, granting licenses for' 
Marriage, and Probat of Wills, which we have reserved to you our Governor and 
to ye Commander in Chief for the time being. 

30. And you are to talie especial care, that a table of marriages established by ye 
Canons of the Church of England, bee hung up in all Orthodox Churches and duly 

37. And you are to take care that Books of Homilys and Books of the 39 Articles 
of ye Church of England bee disposed of to every of ye said Churches, and that 
they bee only kept and used therein. ^ 

38. And wee doe further direct that noe Schoolmaster bee henceforth permitted 
to come from England and to keep school within our Province of New York, with- 
out the license of the said Archbishop of Canterbury; And that noe other person 
now there or that shall come from other parts, bee admitted to keep school with- 
out your license first had. 

39. You are to take care that Drunkenness and Debauchery, Swearing and blas- 
pheming bee severely punished: And that none be admitted to Public trust and 
Imployment whose ill fame and conversation may bring scandal thereupon. 

42. You shall permitt all persons of what Religion soever quietly to inhabit 
within your Government without giving them any disturbance or disquiet whatso- 
ever for or by reason of their differing Opinions in matters of Religion Provided 
they give no disturbance to ye public peace, nor doe molest or disquiet others in 
the free exercise of their Religion. 

60. You shall pass a Law for the Restraining of Inhuman Severitys which by all 
masters or overseers may be used towards their Christian servants or slaves, 
wherein provision is to be made that ye willful killing of Indians & Negroes may 
bee punished with death, and that a fltt penalty bee imposed for the maiming of 

61. You are alsoe with ye assistance of Our Councill to find out the best means 
to facilitate & encourage the Conversion of Negroes and Indians to the Christian 
Religion. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 370-374. 

Committee of Trade and Plantations to the Governor and 
Council of ISTew York. 

1686, June 3. 

After Our hearty Comendacons unto you. It being altogether requisite for the . 
welfare, improvement & preservation of His Majesty's Colonies in America, that 
wee, whom His Majesty hath appointed a Committee of his Privy Council for Trade 
& fforeign Plantations, should have, frequent Accounts & Informacons of ye publick 
transactions, occurances & condition of each place whereby wee may bee the better 
enabled to give His Majesty such advices as may bee best for His Royal service & 
ye advantage of his said Dominions; These are therefore, in His Majesty's name, 
and by his express Commands, to signify His Royal pleasure unto you ye Governor 
& Council of His Majesty's Province of New York in America & ye Territorys 

OF THE State of Xew York. 917 

depending thereon, & to ye Governor and Council tliereof for ye time being. Tliat 
you transmit unto us quarterly & at four several times in tlie year, a particular 
account & Journal of all matters of importance whether Civil Ecclesiastical or 
Military which shall concern His Majesty's said Province & Territorys. — Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iii. 375. 


Monsieur de Denonville to Goverxor Dongaist. 

Missions to the Indians in Central New York. 

June 5, 1G86. 

I have received the letter you did me the honor to write me on the 13th of Octo- 
ber last. 

The very particular regard I have for your merit causes me to receive with much 
pleasure all the kind expressions with which your letter is filled. Be assured, Sir, 
that I can appreciate all Ihe obligations I am under to endeavor to deserve your 
friendship. The union and close alliance which have existed for so long a time 
between our masters; their zeal for the true religion; your individual piety joined 
to the great esteem you have acquired among our troops, of which I have person- 
ally a very perfect knowledge, being in the King's army when you served; all these, 
Sir, are sufficiently potent reasons to satisfy you that I shall always be very glad 
to have an intimate union with you. I assure you that, on my part, I will readily 
contribute towards it. 

In regard to the business wherein Monsieur de la Barre interfered which might 
have created a coolness between the two Crowns, as you write me, I presume you 
refer to his quarrel with the Senecas. As to that, I shall state. Sir, to you that I 
believe you understand the character of that nation sufficiently well to perceive 
that it is not easy to live in friendship with people who have neither religion, nor 
honour, nor subordination. M. de la Barre had many causes of complaint against 
their proceedings. Their conduct has not improved, having falsified tbeir pledges 
by the violence which, as you are aware, they perfidiously and contrary to all good 
faith, committed this winter upon the Outaouax. I ask you, Sir, what then can 
be expected from that people? The King, my master, entertains affection and 
friendship for that country through the zeal alone he feels for the Establishm 
of Religion there and the support and protection of the Missionaries whose zeal 
to preach the gospel leads them to expose themselves to the brutalities and persecu- 
tions of the most ferocious of tribes. 

You are better acquainted than I am with what they have suffered, the torments 
they have endured and the fatigues they experience every day for Jesus Cbrist his 
name. I know your heart is penetrated with the glory of that name which makes 
Hell tremble and at the mention of which all the powers of Heaven Fall prostrate. 
Shall we. Sir, be so unfortunate as to refuse them our Master's protection to sus- 
tain them and to contribute a little on our part to win poor souls to Jesus Christ, 
by aiding them to overcome the enemy of God who rules them. No, Sir, it is 
impossible for you but to groan when you perceive that so far from assisting those 
Apostles of the Gospel, we wage war against them if we allow their enemies to 
obstruct their converting these poor people to the Faith. 

Hitherto the avarice of our Traders warred against the Gospel by supplying 
these people arms to wage war against us, and with the liquor that makes them 
mad. You are a man of rank and abounding in merit; you love the religion — 
Well, Sir, are there no means by which we can come to an understanding, you 
and I, to maintain our missionaries by keeping those ferocious tribes in respect 
and fear — ■ the only mode of inculcating the Gospel among them. And besides, 
must the avarice of our merchants furnish arms for the destruction of their 
brethren and their own country? What have not the Iroquois done to the poor 

918 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

people of Merilande and Virginia? Truly, I do not understand how the heart of a 
Christian can be hardened to such a degree as to behold with a dry eye that it is 
they themselves who destroy their brethren and compatriots. 

The confidence I repose in your piety, which has been a long time known to me,, 
has caused me to inadvertently open to you my heart with unrestrained freedom, 
I have done so with so much the more joy as you afford me room to hope that 
you would be willing that we should imitate our masters in the close alliance of 
friendship and union existing between them, for the re-establishment of Eoyal 
Authority in England and the restoration of the Gospel there in its ancient lustre. 
If any reflection move you somewhat, have the goodness to communicate your 
thoughts to the Rev. leather de Lamberville who is at Onuontague, who will advise 
me of what you wish me to know. May God grant that the frankness with which 
I take the liberty to write you be agreeable to you and eventually useful in aiding 
you to bring all our Savages into the bosom of the Church. I know that the 
King my Master has nothing more at heart than this great work; and I tell you 
in truth that on taking leave of the King before embarking to come hither, his 
Majesty recommended to me only this matter which alone makes him love this 
savage land. 

I could not sufficiently thank you, Sir, for the news you sent me of the just 
chastisement which the Duke of Monmouth received for his treasons. Who would 
have ever thought that this poor unfortunate prince could ever have been capable 
of such unfortunate conduct after so great a kindness as the late King his father, 
of glorious memory, exhibited towards him at the siege of Maestricht? I could 
never have believed that he would ever have had so disloyal a heart as he had. I 
assure you. Sir, of my wishes for the success of the King, your Master's arms. 
There is not a Frenchman but must love and honor him. He has gained the hearts 
and veneration, especially of those who have had the honour to see him in the 
army. No one of his subjects is more penetrated with respect, affection and zeal 
for his service than I, in wishing him a happy success in all his enterprlzes. 

One of your officers, the clergyman of Kannestaly (Schenectady), demands of me 
two Negro slaves who have deserted and whom he believes have come hither. I 
had them looked for every where. I assure you they are not here and, should they 
turn up in the colony, that I will in good faith have them bound and manacled to 
be sent to you, hoping that you will do likewise. 

The M. de Denonville. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 456, 457, 458. 

^Ew Commission of Goveknoe Dongan Aftee James, the 
Duke of Yoek, Became King — James II. 

1686, June 10. 
As to Religion. 

" And wee doe by these presents authorize and impower you to collate any per- 
son or persons In any Churches, Chapells or other Ecclesiastical Benefices within 
our said Province and Terrltorys aforesaid as often as any of them shall happen 
to bee void ". 

"And wee doe by these presents will, require and command you to 

take all possible care for the Discountenance of Vice and encouragement of Vir- 
tue and good living, that by such example the Infidels may be invited and desire 
to partake of the Christian Religion ".— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 379, 381. 

OF THE State of j^ew York. 919 

Answer of the Five Nations to Governor Dongan. 

French Jesuits vs. English. 

168 1 

Wee doe acknowledge that your Excellency's advice to us is very good in every- 
thing, and particularly concerning the French Jesuite whom wee are resolved not 
to receive any more, nor none from the French; and if any of the Five Nations 
are inclined for English Jesuits, they will come to acquaint your Excellency with 
it. Doe give three Belts of Wampum. — Col. Docs. N. Y. Hi. 443. 

Instructions from Monsieur de La Barre to Monsieur de 


French Jesuits. 

That that place has been occupied over twenty five years by the French who^ 
there established Catholic Missions of the Jesuit Fathers, and traded there (ont 
fait la traitte) since that time, without the English having ever known, or spoken 
of, that country.— Col. Docs. N. Y. Hi. 451. 

Governor Dongan to Monsieur de La Baere. 

2. The pretences you make to that countrey by your twenty five years posses- 
sion and sending Jesuits amongst them are very slender, and it may bee, you may 
have the same to other countries. As for Jesuits living amongst them, how chari- 
table soever it may bee it gives no right or title and it is a great wonder that the 
English who so well know America should neither hear nor see in a long time the 
treaty you speak of. — Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 452. 

Governor Dongan to Monsieur de Denonvilee. 

I have had two letters from the two fathers that live amongst the Indians, and 
I find them somewhat disturbed with an apprehension of warr, which is ground- 
less, being resolved that it shall not begin here, and I hope your prudent conduct, 
will prevent it there, and referr all differences home as I shall doe. I hear one 
of the fathers is gone to you, and th' other that staid, I have sent for him here 
lest the Indians should insult over him, though, it is a thousand pittys that those 
that have made such progress in the service of God, should be disturbed, and that 
by the fault of those that laid the foundation of Christianity amongst these bar- 
barous people; setting apart the station I am in, I am as much Monsieur Des 
Nevilles humble servant as any friend he has, and will ommit no opportunity of 
manifesting the same. 

Your humble servant. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 455, 456. 


920 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

MoisrsiEUE, DE Denonville to Governoe Dongan. 

June 20, 1686. 

The natural treachery of the people without faith and without religion, require 
us to be so far distrustful of them that you ought not to blame me for using pre- 
caution against their restlessness and caprice. 

I had the honour to inform you, by my letter of the 6th of June last, that the 
orders I have from my Master manifest merely the zeal which His Majesty enter- 
tains for the progress of religion and for the support and maintenance of the Mis- 
sionaries. I expect from your piety that you will not be opposed to that, know- 
ing well how much you love religion. Think you. Sir, that they can reap much 
fruit whilst the Savages are allowed no peace in the village in which our Mission- 
aries are established? 

The letter which the Rev. Father de Lamberville has been so kind as to be the 
bearer of from me on the 6th of June last ought to suffice. Sir, to put you perfectly 
in possession of my intentions. It would be unnecessary that I should make any 
other reply to your last of the 22nd of May, were it not that I was very glad 
hereby to prove to you again, that I shall always feel a great pleasure in seizing 
every opportunity to shew that I am' 

Your very humble and very obedient Servant, 
(signed) The M. de Denonville. 

— Col. Does. N. y. iii. 458, 459. 

Advice of the Delegates from Con^k'scticut to Captain 


1686, June 26. 

3dly. That no Papist be sufred to come into the fort: let not the warning given 
that day His Majesty was proclaimed: bee not soon forgotten bye you wherein the 
torrat in the fort was fired in three places under which roof lay your ammunition: 
so helishly wicked: and cruell a papistical design: to have destroyed you and us: 
the fort and towne: it made our flesh to tremble: high praise unto Almighty God: 
that you and the fort and the city ware preserved. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 589. 

Patent for the Manor of Livingston. 

1686, July 22. 

Besides the usual form and stipulations we find the following relating to Religion: 

" Together with the advowson and Right of Patronage and all and 

every the Church and Churches Erected or Established or hereafter to be had 
Erected or Established in the said Manner ". (Manor.) 

Signed by, Thos. Dongan. 
— Doe. Hist. N. Y. iji. 376. (4to. ed.) 

OF THE State of ISIbw Yoke. 921 

Synod of North Holland^ at Alckmaee. 

1686, Aug. 1-15. 

Article 24. Labadlsts; Koelman. On the 25th and 26th it was resolved, that in 
regard to the Labadle people, and the conduct of Koelman, the Classes be as much 
as possible on their guard; and it is understood that the case of Peter van Balen 
shall henceforth remain out of the Acta. 

Governor Dongan to Monsieur de Denonville. 

Indian Missions to Central New York. 

July 26, 1686. 


I doubt not but your Master's inclinations are very strongly bent to propagate 
the Christian Religion and I do assure you that my master had no less a share in 
so pious intentions; for my part I shall take all imaginable care that the Fathers 
who preach the Holy Gospel to those Indians over whom I have power bee not in 
the least ill treated and upon that very account have sent for one of each nation 
to come to me and then those beastly crimes you reprove shall be checked severely 
and all my endeavours used to suppress their filthy drunkennesse, disorders, 
debauches, warring and quarrels, and whatsoever doth obstruct the growth and 
enlargement of the Christian faith amongst those people. 

And now, Sir, I begg your pardon for giving you the trouble of my particular 
affairs which is thus: when my Prince called me out of the French service twenty 
five thousand liures were due to me as was stated and certlfyed to Monsieur De 
Leuoy by the intendant of Nancy — my stay was so short that I had no time to 
Kisse the Kings hands and petition for itt — a very great misfortune after so long 
service, for in the circumstances I was then in, I served him faithfully to the utter- 
most of my power. After I quitted France I went to Tangier and having left that 
place some time after came hither so that I never had time to represent my case 
to his Majesty which I request you to espouse for me that so by your means I may 
obtain either all or at least some part of that which is due to me — The King I 
know had been bountiful to all and I am confident hath too much generosity to 
see me suffer however it happens, I shall as heartily pray for the good health and 
happy success in all his undertakings as any one breathing and bee ever ready to 
make all just acknowledgements to yourself for so great an obligation and favour; 
wishing heartily for a favourable occasion to demonstrate how profound an esteem 
I have for your person and merits and give undeniable proofs that I am sincerely 
and with all respects. 


Your most humble and affectionate servant, 
(signed) Thomas Dongan. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 460, 461. 

Certificate, as to the Ministry of Rev. John Prudden at 
Jamaica, 1676-1686. 

We whose names are subscribed doe testifle that the inhabitants and ffreehold- 
ers of Jamaica at a publick meeting call to treat with Mr. John Prudden to be 
their minister June ye 19th 1676 did (after he had declared his judgement and pro- 
posed his terms) by a town act freely and firmly promise and engage to give unto 
Mr. Prudden the accommodations which he now possesseth and a yearly sallary 
of fourty pounds to be paid to him or his order so long as he should continue in 


922 Ecclesiastical Records 

ye town imployed in ye work of ye ministry and his fire-wood brougtit liome free 
as specified in ye town registry. Furttiermore we doe testify ttiat Mr. John Prud- 
den hath continued in this towne discharging the worli of a minister according to 
the way of ye churches in New England the fEull term of ten years and more since 
the Town called him and covenanted with him for his labour in ye ministry. 

Nehemiah Smith 
John Carpenter. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 122. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. Eev. Rudolphus Varick to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, Sept. 9, 1686. Extract, Mints. Syn. IN". 
Holland, 1687, Art. 54. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen and Brothers in. 

After having sailed from Amsterdam last March, (1686), we 
arrived safely, by God's help, in 'New N'etherland in the beginning 
of July (1686). On my arrival in New York, I was requested 
by a Burgomaster and Secretary of New Albany, not to engage 
myself at once to the congregation of Long Island, as they were 
assured, that Domine Dellius would leave. But I excused myself, 
judging it to be more necessary and useful both to myself and for 
the congregation of Long Island to make a binding contract at 
once with them. Consequently I have attended to the service 
there already for some weeks. I was received with unusual kind- 
ness, and at a salary of nine hundred florins and free fuel. In 

addition they are to build for me a new stone house 

(effaced) pleasant . . . . . ..... 

I understand, that there are on our (Long) island several Eng- 
lish ministers. With these I shall endeavor to keep in fraternal 

Upon the removal of Domine Tesschenmaker to Schenectady, 
the people of Staten Island have requested me to serve the Lord's 
Supper for them four times a year. This I have consented to 
do. I can write but little yet about the condition of my con- 
gregation, which is quite numerous and widely scattered; for I 
have not been long enough with them.' A certain German 

OF THE State of ^JTew York. 923 

Quaker, Jacob Tellenaer, who travels through, citv and country 
here with other Pharisees, has somewhat meddled with a few 
simple minded members of mj congregation. But I think thej 
will quickly be led back into the right path. I know of no par- 
ticular sectarians elsewhere on my field. Our congregation is 
very grateful to the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam for the faithful 
care of their wants. 

In closing I commend your Reverences, Fathers and Brethren 
in Christ, to God's blessing, both yourselves and your services. 

Tour servant and brother in Christ, 
'New jN^etherland, Rudolphus Varick. 

the 9th of Sept. 
1688. (1686?) 


Indian Missions in Central New York. 

October 1st, 1686. 

I received by the Reverend Father de Lamberville the elder. Missionary to the 
Iroquois of the village of the Onnontagues, the letter of the 27th of July which 
you were at the trouble of writing me. I repeat to you. Sir, what I have already 
had the honor of advising you of, that it will not be my fault if we live not on 
good terms. I wish to believe. Sir, that on your side you will contribute thereto, 
and that you will put an end to all the causes which people may have of being 
•dissatisfied with what has occurred under your government, through your mer- 
chants or others whom you protect. 


I ask you. Sir, what do you wish me to think of all this, and if these things 
accord with the letter you did me the honor to write on the 27th of July which is 
filled with civilities and just sentiments as well regarding Religion, as the good 
understanding and friendship existing between our masters which ought to be 
imitated in this country in testimony of our respect of, and obedience to them." 

I am heartily convinced of the zeal of the King, your Master, for the progress 
of the Religion; His Majesty affords us solid and certain proofs thereof in the 
mighty things that Great King accomplishes in his States where our Holy Religion 
begins to breathe since the accession of the crown. But it were desirable. Sir, (in 
order) that his piety should have the like effect under your orders, that you would 
enter with greater accord than you do into the means of checking the insolence 
of the enemies of the Faith, who by their wars and customary cruelties blast the 
fruit of our Missionaries among the most distant tribes. You know, Sir, they 
spare neither the Outawas, our most antient allies, nor the other tribes among 
whom we have Preachers of the Gospel and with whose cruelties to our holy 
Missionaries, whom they have martyred, you are acquainted. Are all these rea- 
sons. Sir, not sufficiently conclusive to induce you to contribute to designs so pious 
as those of the King my master? Think you. Sir, that Religion will make any 


924: Ecclesiastical Records 

progress whilst your Merchants will supply, as they do, Eau de Vie in abundance 
which as you oughi to know, converts the Savages into Demons and their Cabins 
into counterparts and theatres of Hell. 

I hope, Sir, you will reflect on all this, and that you will be so good as to con- 
tribute to that union which I desire, and you wish for. 

Finally, Sir, you must be persuaded that I shall, willingly and with pleasure, 
contribute my utmost to obtain for you the favor you desire from the King my 
Master, who is not in the habit of being behindhand with persons of your merit 
who have efBciently served him. I should have wished, Sir, that you had explained 
your case more clearly, and that you had placed in my hands the proofs or vouchers 
of your debt, so as to explain it to the King, for so many things pass through the 
hands of his Majesty's Ministers that I fear M. de Louvoy will not recollect your 
affair, which he cannot know except through the Intendant who was at Nancy, 
whose name you do not mention. I shall not fail, Sir, to endeavour to obtain for 
you some favour from the King my Master for the services which you have rendered 
his Majesty. I should wish. Sir, to have an opportunity, on some other more fit- 
ting occasion, to prove to you that I am 


Your very humble and obedient Servant, 
(signed) The M. de Denonville. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 461, 462. 


To his Excellency Thomas Dougan, Captaine Generall, Governour in Cheife of 
New Yorke and territoryes Belongeiug and the Council!. 

New York ss James Graham Esq., Attorney Generall of our Sovereigne Lord 
James the Second by the grace of God King of England, Scotland, Ffrance and 
Ireland King defender of the faith, etc., Gives your Excellencye and honors to 
understand and be informed That Mr. Thomas James Late Minister of Easthamp- 
ton in the County of Suffolk within this Province nowayes regardeing the duety 
and fealty he owes unto our Sovereigne Lord the King did upon the Seaventeenth 
day of October 1686 att Easthampton in the County of Suffolk aforesayd publish 
and declare in a sermon by him then and there preached upon the text in the 
twenty fourth chapter of Job the Second verse many Seditious words which were 
these following viz.. Cursed is he that removes his neighbour's landmark and in 
application to the present matter of this Towne meaneing the Town of Easthamp- 
ton aforesaid (as to the land lately layd out here the Curse is against them that 
acted in it and their order for it (meaneing an order of this honorable board) is no 
excuse though it were an edict from the King himselfe as Supreme nay though it 
was establisht by a law yett they (meaning those that gave obedience to the sayd 
order) cannot bee excused from the curse.) Whicn v?ords were preached by him 
on purpose to Raise and Stirr up the minds of his Majestyes Liege people into 
sedition and his ]\Iajesty's Laws and authority into Contempt to bring against the 
peace of our sayd Lord the King and to the Scandall and Reproach of the Clergy 
whereof his Majesty's Sayd Attorney Generall prayeth the Consideracon of his 
Honorable board in the premises and that the sayd Mr. Thomas James may 
answer the same. 

James Graham. 

Information against Mr. Jeames, 1686. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 216, 217. 

OF THE State of ^ew Yokk. 925 

Petition of the Rev. Mr. James. 

To the Right Honorable Thomas Dongan Gouvernour and Capt. Generall of all 
his Majesty's Territoryes belonging to the Province of New Yorke, The Humble 
Petition of mee Thomas James Minister of Easthampton as followeth. 

Whereas your Excellency's Supplicant was informed that you were offended with 
me, in Respect of some expressions of mine in a sermon preached October 17, — 86. 
I thought myself bound in duety, and from the High Respects I have of your 
Excellency's dignity and upon good advice, voluntarily to make my appearance 
before your Excellency in New Yorke and have waited your pleasure to this day 
in order to your Excellency's satisfaction, and have submitted myself to your 
Majesty's Censure, and knowing your Excellency's Clemency am emboldened hum- 
bly to crave your pardon, of what through my error in my apprehension I have 
given occasion of offence to your Excellency my intentions being riglit in whatever 
proceeded from mee att that time; and that your Excellency be graciously pleased 
to remitt the Penalty imposed, and what fees may be exacted upon me before the 
tyme of my being summoned to appeare before you and ye Honorable Councill, 
considering the great charge I have been att for about three weeks time since my 
comeing from home this being the first tyme (for almost forty years of my being a 
Minister of the Gospel) that I have been called to accompt by any autTiority I have 
lived under, or given any cause for the same, nor needed at this tyme had there 
been that favourable construction of my words as they deserved. So hoping as 
God hath got you as a father over this Commonwealth, so you will exercise a 
fatherly compassion towards your humble Petitioner, who hath and shall continue 
your Excellency's h\imble Orator att the Throne of Grace, and stand ever obliged 

to your Excellency in all hearty affection and duetifull (Here 

a word or two are illegible in the original copy.) — Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 218. 

Order in Council Respecting Ecclesiastical Affairs in the 


1686, Oct. 27. 

At the Court at Whitehall, the 27th of October 1686. 

Wensday afternoon. 

The King's Most Excellent Majesty. 
Present — 

His Royal Highness Prince George of Denmark 

Lord Chancellor Earle of Middleton 

Lord Treasurer Earle of Milfort 

Lord President Earle of Tirconnell 

Duke of Albemarl Viscount Preston 

Lord Chamberlain Lord Arundell of Wardour 

Earle of Peterborow Lord Dartmouth 

Earle of Craven Lord Godolphin 

Earle of Powis Lord Dover 

Earle of Berkeley Mr. Chancellor of ye Exchequer 

Earle of Morray Mr. Chancellor of ye Dutchy 


926 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Whereas his Majesty hath thought fit to appoint Commission- 
ers for exercising ye Episcopal jurisdiction Avithin the City and 
Diocesse of London, His Majesty in Council did this day declare 
his pleasure that the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction in ye Plantation 
shall be exercised by ye said Commissioners, and did Order, as it 
is hereby ordered that the Right Honorable The Lords of the 
Committee for Trade and Plantations do prepare Instructions for 
ye several Governours in ye Plantations accordingly. — Col. Docs. 
K y. iii. 388. 

Reveeend Jacques de Lambeeville to Reveeend Jacques de 


November 4, 1686 arnonlogre. 

My Rev. Father, I am alone here since the 29th of August, much grieved par- 
ticularly for having, through my neglect, allowed two adults to die without bap- 
tism, who were altogether disposed to receive it. Instantla quotidianna. I did 
not expect my brother to have been so long on his journey, nor supposed that he 
was so necessary there as at his mission linguia tuum quia. I wrote by way of the 
lort all that I considered prudent to write. The occasion of this (is a) friend whose 
name is N., who requested me to inform you that he still has the gun of la miette, 
who is called in India " ganniaton " and that he retains it to restore to him when 
he'll meet him again; also that he has placed in security what he gave him in 
exchange to return it to him at their interview. If you know the whereabouts of 
the said la miette whom the Onondagas took on his way to reside among the Dutch, 
have the goodness to communicate to him what the friend has instructed me to 
write.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 488. 

Reveeend Jacques Lambeeville to Me. Antoine Lespinaej). 


Dumas' return affords me an opportunity to again thank you for the kindness 
you manifested to do us a service when affairs seemed troubled and desperate. 
My brother, who was in Canada, reports nothing but what is good, and found the 
French having no idea nor disposition for war, which creates a hope that God will 
arrange matters. Had I been obliged to withdraw, it would have afforded me 
great joy to have seen you. This will be when God pleases. If, however, there 
be any way in which I can be of service to you, be assured that I shall willingly 
act in it, as professing to be, 

Your very humble and obedient servant, 
Jacques de Lamberville, 
November 4, 1686. — Col. Docs. N. Y. Hi. 490. 

OF THE State of New Yoke. 927 

Complaint Against the Rev. Mk. James. 

Josiah Hubbart of Easthampton in the County of SufColke, Esq., being deposed 
upon his Corporal! Oath Saith That upon the Seaventeenth day of October one 
thousand six hundred Eighty and Six in Easthampton Mr. Thomas James minister 
of Easthampton aforesaid preached out of that text in the Twenty fourth Chapter 
of Job the second verse the whole subject of his Sermon was to show the evill and 
pronounce the curses against those who removed their Neighbours Land Markes 
and in his application he brought it to the present matter of this Towne as to the 
Land laid out here lately and continued the pronouncing the Curse against them 
that acted in it and shewed that there order for it was noe excuse though It were 
an Edict from the King himself as Supreame nay though it were establisht by a 
Law yet they could not be excused from the Curse and then he went on and 
blessed God that this was not our condicon for the Providence of God had so 
ordered it that our Honorable Governor had made such Restrictions in the order 
that mens Proprieties could not be meddled withall 
} Jos. Hobart. 

Jurat decimo Octavo die Novemb: Anno Dmni (1686) Sedente Cur. 

J. Palmer. 
Endorsed — Mr. Hobarts Affidt. 1686. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 215. 

Oebek OF Council. 

Att a Council held the 18th day of November 1686, present his Excellency the 
Governour Major Brockholls, Mr. Fflipsen, Mr. Cortland, Mr. Spragg, Major Baxter. 

Two depositions being this day read against Mr. Thomas James minister of East- 
hampton for preaching a certain Seditious Sermon on the Seventeenth day of Octo- 
ber last past Its ordered that a warrant bee made out to one of the messengers 
of this board to repayre forthwith to Easthampton and take into his custody the 
body of the said Jeames and him keepe So as to have him to answer the premisses 
before this board this day fortnight. 

Its likewise ordered that Mr. Josias Hubbart bee Subpenaed to attend the same 
day; and that the Clerk of Easthampton bee then likewise here with the bookes 
of that Townes publick affayres. 

A certeyne Lybell being this day read called ye ptest of a committee of East- 
hampton wherein they contemptuously oppose the orders of the Governour and 
Councill for the layeing out land in that Town and it appeareing that in a most 
riotous mutinous and Sedithious manner they the said pretended Committee did 
publish their Sayd lybell by Beate of Drum and afterwards did affix the same on 
the publick meeting house of the Sayd Towne It's therefore ordered that Samuell 
Mullford, Robt. Dayton, Samuell Parsons, Benj. Concklin, Thomas Osborne and 
John Osborne bee by vertue of a warrant taken into ye custody of a Messenger 
of this Board to answer ye premisses here this day fortnight. 

Another Lybell of the same nature by Thomas Osborne, Stephen Hedges and Mary 
Perkins being likewise read, Ordered That Stephen Hedges and the husband of 
Mary Perkins bee likewise taken into custody to answer the same the Same day. 

Ordered lykewise that Jeremy Concklyn, Danl. Bishop and Nathaneel Bishop bee 
likewise taken into the Custody of the messenger to answer likewise this day 

Ordered likewyse that Mr. Hubbard bring up along with him one or more of per- 
sons to whom hee layd out ye land by order of this board who are in feare from the 
threats of the aforemenconed persons and their accomplices. 

In the difference between Mr. Prudden minister of Jamaica and his parishioners, 
It is ordered that they pay to the Sayd Mr. Prudden what is due to him by agree- 
ment on reccord in the Towne booke — and that when that's done if the said 
parishoners have anything to object against their said minister they shall be heard. 
— Doc. Hist. N. T. iii. 216. 



928 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Warrai^t to Arrest the Rev. Mr. James. 

Thomas Dongan Captayne General! and Governor of the Province of New York 
and the territoryes thereto belongeing to Henry Ffllkin one of the Messengers of 
the Council greeting These are in his Majesty's name to command you to take into 
custody the body of Thomas Jeames late Minister at Easthampton wheresoever 
hee shall bee found and him safely keepe so as you may have him to answer before 
mee and the CouncUl on the first Thursday in December nest ensuing unto a cer- 
tayne Informacon then and there to bee exhibited against him for that hee the 
Sayd Thomas Jeames on the Seventeenth day of October last past in the sayd 
Towne of Easthampton did preach a certeyn Seditious Sermon tendeing to the 
stirring up of Strife and publick disturbance of the peace and quiett of his Majesty's 
Liege people and Government here hereby lykwyse comandeing and requireing all 
Sherriffs Constables and other officers as also all other persons of what degree or 
quality soever to bee aideing and assisteing unto the sayd Henry Ffilkln in the 
execution of the premisses as they will answer the contrary att their peril and have 
with you at the same time this precept for your doing whereof this shall be your 
suflicient warrant. Given under my hand and Scale att ffort James this nineteenth 
day of November in the second yeare of his Majesty's Reigne Annoq Dmne 1686. 

Thomas Dongan. 
Sheriff's returne 

By vertue of this wrltt I have in my custody 

the body of the within named Thomas Jeames 

Henry Ffllkin. 
Endorsed — 1686 Warrant and apprehendding of Jeames. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 217. 

Governor Dongan to Monsieur de Denonville — Indian 


December 1st, 1686. 

I desire you to send me word who It was that pretended to have my orders for 
the Indians to plunder and fight you; that I am altogether as ignorant of any enter- 
prise made by the Indians out of this Government as I am by what you meane by 
" mlhlllmlqum." and neither have I acted anything contrary to what 1 have writ- 
ten, but will stricktly endeavour to immitate the Ammity and friendship between 
our Masters — I have desired you to send for the deserters, I know not who they 
are but had rather such Rascalls and Bankrouts as you call them were amongst 
their own countrymen then this people, and will when you send word who they 
are, expell, not detain them and use all possible means to prevent your good 
wishes and hopes that our Merchants may suffer by them — 'Tis true I ordered 
our Indians if they should meet with any of your people or ours on this side of the 
lake without a passe from you or me that they should bring them to Albany and 
that as I thought by your own desire expressed in your letter, they being as you 
have very well remarked very ill people and such as usually tell lyes as well to 
Christians as Heathens. The Missionary Fathers if they please but to do me jus- 
tice can 'give you an account how careful I have been to preserve them. I have 
ordered our Indians strictly not to exercise any cruelty or insolence against them 
and have written to the King my Master who hath as much zeal as any prince 
liveing to propagate the Christian faith and assure him how necessary it is to 
send hither some Fathers to preach the Gospel to the natives allyed to us and 
care would be then taken to dissuade them from their drunken debouches though 
certainly our Rum doth as little hurt as your Brandy and in the opinion of Chris- 
tians is much more wholesome; however to keep the Indians temperate and sober 
is a very good and Christian performance but to prohibit them all strong liquors 
seems a little hard and very turklsh — What I wrote concerning what was due to 
me for my service in France was very true, Monsieur Charuell the Intendant at 
Nancy adjusted and sent them to Monsieur Leuoy signed by himseife and me and 
I gave the copies of them to Monsieur Pagaion liveing in the street of St. Hone. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 929 

to putt them into the hands of Monsieur Carillon Chaplaine to the Duchesse of 
Orleans — but Sir, you need not to trouble yourselfe about itt for 1 intend to gett 
It represented out of England and doubt not but the King my Master who is so 
bountiful a prince will be so just as to pay what became my due by a great deal 
of fatigue and labour, however I humbly thank you for the ciuill obliging offers 
you make me and do assure you (I) shall be heartily glad of any occasion to requite 
them desiring you to believe I earnestly wish and contend for the union (you say) 
you desire and will contribute all in my power to promote and preserve it which 
is all the reflection I shall make on your letter being — Sir, assuredly with all due 
respect. Your most humble and affectionate servant, 

T. Dongau. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iil. 462, 463. 

Petico:^ of the Key. Me. Hubbart, [IIobart]. 

Delivered 9th December 1686. To his Excellency Colonell Thomas Dongan Gov- 
ernor of the Province of New York under his most Excellent Majesty James the 
Second King etc., and his Honorable Couneill now sitting in James ffort in the 
Citty of New Yorke. The humble peticou of Jeremia Hobart minister of the Towne 
of Hempst'd on Long Island in the Province aforesaid, 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That whereas your petitioner hath for almost Ave years since Been lawfully 
called, and after that legall.v approved by the then Commander in Chief, Major 
Anthony Brockolls, to be minister of sayd Hempst'd, yet allthough a full agree; 
ment was mutually had, between the towne and myself, as to the house building, 
and comfortable finishing, and as to annuall Sallary etc., neither is it by the parish 
performed to my great damage and almost insupportable inconvenience. 

My humble request is that your Excellency and Council would be pleased to take 
cognisance of my afflicted low estate, and apply a remedy comensurat to your 
Excellency's pleasure and justice. 

So shall your petitioner ever pray, etc. 

Your most humble and poor petitioner, 

Jeremy Hobart. 

December ye 9th 1686. Read and ordered that the Inhabitants of Hempsted or 
some in their behalfes Do appeare this day Sen'at to shew cause why this petition 
should not bee granted. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. ill. 120. 

Petition of the Dutch Church of the City of jSTew York, 
FOR A Site for a New Building, and for a Lot of Stone. 
(In English. A Dutch ISTote Saits, " This Petition for 
Certain Reasons, Was ISTot Presented.") 

To the Worshipful Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants for the 
County and City of Kew York, at present assembled at the 
City Hall, within this City: 

The Humble Petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons, the 
Representatives of the Dutch Church in this City, humbly 
showeth : 

That your petitioners are informed of his Excellency's inclina- 
tion that a church should be built in this City: Therefore your 



930 Ecclesiastical Records 

Petitioners iipon due advice and consultation, are willing to 
concur with his Excellency's inclination to cause a church to be 
builded in this City, for their own proper and particular use and 
worship, with all possible expedition. Eor the performance 
thereof there will be necessity for a convenient place and several 

Therefore, your Petitioners for the better effectuating of the 
premises do humbly crave your Worship would be pleased, in 

(1) The first place to present them and their successors with 
a certain vacant piece of ground formerly designed for that pur- 
pose, lying within this City, or any other convenient place fit for 
that purpose. 

(2) Secondly, to intercede by (with) his Excellency, the Gov- 
ernor, in our behalf, to give and grant unto your petitioners a 
parcel of dipt stone that are at the old fortifications of this 
City, which would be a great help towards the building of said 
church. And your Petitioners as in duty bound, will ever 

pray, etc. 

Henry Selyns. 
Actum, Dec. 12, 1686. 

The estimated cost of the church, one hundred and twenty feet 
long, ninety feet broad, seven feet in the ground and twenty five 
above the gi'ound, was florins 91,940 [or $36,776.] 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 

Directions for Jan de la Montague, in reference to the Public 

Service of the Church, and Eunerals; likewise in the Ser^^ce of 

the Minister, Elders, Church Masters and Deacons. (Lib. A., 

Mints, ch. 'New York, Eng. 55-57.) 

1686, Dec. 12. 

After stating that they approved of his request for the office, 
they appointed him on the following terms and conditions: 

1. This is about the time of ringing the bells, etc.; keeping the 
seats in order; and the church clean, arranging the elements of 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 931 

_ 1686 

the Lord's Svipper, and " delivering to the deacons what is left 
over ". He was keeper of the Baptismal books. " He shall re- 
strain with all his might any talking in the Lord's House, and 
any disorders, whether done by children or negi'oes " during ser- 
vice. " And further to do whatever is required for the public 
and social service, and what shall be conscientiously deemed to 
be for tue advantage of the Lord's Llouse and the ministrations 
there." , ' 

IL " Lie shall, upon the order of the Elders, every quarter, 
collect the moneys appropriated to the public service; address 
the members and other contributors with all courtesy and gentle- 
ness; hand over the moneys received without any delay to the 
Elders, and on each occasion give to them a strict account of 
tlie same ". 

III. He is to give notice of meetings, to the Consistory, to the 
congregation; and attend them to be ready for any service. 

IV. '^ The graves which are made in the Church or Church- 
yard he shall dig sufficiently deep to be secure from dogs, and 
satisfy the friends of the deceased. At funerals, he shall ring 
the bell seasonably to the satisfaction of those interested; except 
that when it is the time of private catechizing, he shall use his 
discretion, and ring somewhat earlier or later, so as not for the 
pleasure of the dead to do hindrance to the living, who are fed 
with the bread of life ". 

V. He must behave well and with general propriety, etc. 

(1) He was to receive five per cent for all this, together with 
a beaver - — from the Elders. 

(2) He shall receive from the Church-Masters a yearly salary 
of one hundred guilders. 

(3) From the Deacons, two hundred and fifty guilders. 

(4) The fees for grave digging. 

(5) The fees at Vv-eddings. 

Dec. 12, 16S6. 
Jan De La Montagne (probably the same person who was the Schoolmaster in 
1652) was appointed to be present at the public catechising, and at the private 
catechising held every fortnight on Wednesday afternoon.— Dunshee, 35. 


932 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 


To his Excellency Thomas Dongan Captain Generall Governor etc.. of the Prov- 
ince of New York, etc., and the Honorable Councill etc. 

The petition of Samuell Eburne of Brookhaven Clerk. 

Humbly Sheweth:— 

That on the twentieth day of September 1685 your petitioner was entertained by 
the Inhabitants of Brookhaven aforesayd to bee their minister in consideration 
whereof they covenanted with him to pay and satisfy him for the same the sume 
of sixty pounds per annum soe long as hee should continue to preach amongst 
them — and that in pursuance of the sayd agreement hee did on his part Exercise 
the oflBce of a minister amongst them for and during the space of one whole yeare 
from and after the sayd twentieth day of September and that the sayd Inhabit- 
ants of Brookhaven on theyre parts have not satisfyed and payd unto your Peti- 
tioner the sayd summe of sixty pounds nor any penny thereof according to the 
tenor and effect of the sayd agreement. Therefor 

May it please your Excellency and this Honorable board so farr to take the 
premisses into your consideration as that the sayd Inhabitants of Brookhaven may 
bee obliged to pay and satisfy unto your petitioner his sayd debt of sixty pounds 
and observe and performe on their parts the sayd agreement your petitioner on 
his being thereto ready and willing and hee as in duty bound shall ever pray etc. 

Samuel Eburne. 

December the 1.3th, 1686. 

This petition Read and ordered that if the within named inhabitants of Brook- 
haven do not forthwith pay unto tlie petitioner the within mentioned sume of sixty 
pounds that then and in such case they bee and appeare in their hehalfs before 
this board on the first Thursday in February next Ensueing to shew cause if any 
they have to the contrary.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. lii. 218, 219. 

Evert Pietersen, Old. Abram de Lxi jSToy^ to Act as Clerk. 

Dec. 16, 1686. 

In consequence of the advanced age of Evert Pietersen, Abram De La Noy was 
appointed to act as Clerk, Chorister and Visitor of the Sick (ofHces, as well as 
that of Catechist, always included in the duties of the Schoolmaster previous to 
the Revolutionary War). 

Mr. De La Noy asked for the fees for recording baptisms, but Consistory resolved 
that the yearly allowance of fifty gulden for baptismal fees shall be made until 
the death of Mr. Evert Pietersen, but when he dies the fees for recording baptisms 
shall be paid to petitioner. — Dunshee, 35, 36. 

[EiNES OF Quakers for ISTot Training.] 

An Account of what hath been taken from our fEriends in New York Government 
since the arrivall of Governour Dongan and upon what account, viz. 


Taken from Samuel Hoit by John Farrington, one sheep for not train- f 

ing the 18th of the 10th mo. 1686 10 00 

Taken the same day by John Farrington from Daniel Patrick for not 

training one broad Ax 6 00 

Taken from Daniel Patrick for not training by John Farrington Say 

Harrison for the 7th day of ye 5th Mo. 1687 one saddle vallued at.. 1 00 00 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke. 933 


Taken from John Bowne for his son Samuel not training two sheep by f 
John Harrisson the 3rd of the 7th mo. 1687, worth 1 00 00 

Taljen away the same day by the same man from Samuel Hoit for not 
training two sheep 1 00 00 

Taken away by John Farrington from Hugh Copperthwaite the 16th of 
the 10th mo. for one day not training two good Ewes his demand 
being ten shillings 1 00 00 

Taken away fiom Hugh Copperthwaite the 2nd day of the 7th mo. 1687 

by John Harrisson for three dayes not training one fatt Cow 4 00 00 

Taken away from Henry Willis the 15th of the 1st mo. 1687 by Richard 
Wintherne Constable and Richard Gilderse Collector for not paying 
towards the Building the Priests Dwelling house at Hempstead their 
demand being one pound fourteen shillings, one Cow valued at 4 10 00 

Taken away from Henry Willis the 30th of the 10th mo. 1687 by Samuel 
Emery Constable and Francis Cleple Collector for the Priests Waid- 
gees of Hempstead eight sheep sould for four pounds fourteen shil- 
lings, their demand being two pounds seventeen shillings 4 14 00 

Taken from Edward Titus the 15th day of the 1st mo. 1686/7 for Refus- 
ing to pay towards the building of the Priests house of Hempstead 
one cow by Richard Wintherne Constable and Richard Gilderse Col- 
lector their Demand being one pound fifteen shillings. 

Taken from ditto for not paying the Priests Waidges of Hempstead by 
Samuel Emery Constable and Francis Claple Collector four young 
Cattle allmost a year Old their Demand being one pound eight shil- 

Taken from Henry Clifton of Flushing the 30th of the 1st mo. 1687 by 

John Harrisson for not training one Hatt cost 18 00 

Taken from Jasper Smith the ISth day of the 10th mo. 1686 by John 
Farrington for not training, one two year old heffer valued at 1 10 00 

Taken from James Clements by John Farrington the 24th of the 10th 

mo. 1686 for not training two sheep valued att 16 00 

Also in the year 1687 taken by John Lawrence Capt. sixteen shillings 
in money for not training from ditto 16 00 

Taken from Harmanus King of Flushing by John Farrington some time 

in the 10th mo. 1686 for not training one hyde vallued at 15 00 

Taken from ditto in the year 1687 by John Harrisson for not training 
one swine valued 15 00 

Taken from Elias and John Burling of Hempstead on Long Island by 
Richard Wintherne Constable and Richard Gilderse Collector for not 
paying eight shillings Demanded towards Building the Priest of 
Hempsteads house one iron pott one pewter dish and a Bason worth 
one pound, taken the 15th of the 4th mo. 1687 1 00 00 

Taken from ditto by the same persons for three days not training the 

16th of the 4th mo. 1687 one Cow 3 00 00 

New York. 

Taken the 24th of the 10th mo. 1686 from Phillip Richards for not train- 
ing by John Cavileir thirteen yards of fflannen two shillings per yard. 1 06 00 

Taken from Thomas Phillips much about the same time by John Cavil- 
eir marshall and John Pattee Constable fourteen and a half yards of 
fine Draught Stuff at four shillings per yard by virtue of a warrant 
from Nicholas Bayard Collonel for fine of thirteen shillings sis pence 
for not goeing in Armes 2 18 00 

Taken from Francis Richardson the 3d of the 7th mo. 1687 by John 
Cavileir for not training eleven and three fourth yards of Stuff at 
four shillings six pence per yard 2 12 10 

Taken from Albartus Brandt by John Cavileir by order of the melitia 
the oth of the 8th mo. 1687 for refuseing to Goe up in Armes to 
Albany one ps. of Holland Linnen qt. forty eight yards at four shil- 
lings six pence per yard £10.16 ) 

Two ps. striped do qt. seventy ells 4.17.4 y 15 13 04 


934 Ecclesiastical Records 

Taken away from Johu Weigh in the year 1687 in the nineteenth third £ 
month by Jonathan Hazard The. Pettet Benjamin Sivorns a Lan- 
thorne a pewter Bason and a half bushell Cost 10 06 

For not appearing in Armes one day in the foott Company; and for tlie 
troop they demand three pounds. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 608, 609. 


And now, My Lord, the charges will be a great deal more, for we must build forts 
in ye country upon ye great Lake, as ye French doe, otherwise we loose ye country, 
the Bever trade and our Indians, and also there must ))e Missionaries sent amongst 
them, the French priest desired of me leave for there Missionaries to goe and live 
amongst them again, by which I fynde they make religion a stalking horse to there 
pretence, when I denyed him in a great heat he told me his Mnster ye French 
King had sent over eight hundred thousand livres to prosecute this "Warr, half of 
which he said had it been but given to bribe those Indians, they might have been 
all gained upon to come over to there side, So I believe the.v will leave no stone 
unturned to get them. There are also officers that belong to ye government who 
must be paid. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 511. 

Albany ye 19th Feb. 1688/7. [1(387] 

Death of Mrs. Petee Stuyvesant. 

Her Will in Reference to Stuyvesant's Chapel at the Bouwerie. 

Peter Stuyvesant died February 1672, at his Bouwerie. He was buried in the 
vault under the Chapel. Hia widow, Judith Stuyvesant died in 1687. By will, 
she left this Chapel to the Dutch Church of New York, to dispose of as they saw 
fit, provided the vault was preserved. 

The extract from her will, on this subject, is as follows: 

I doe further bequeath to my said Cousen, Nicholas Bayard, and to his 

wife and child or children (if desired), a bureing place In the Tomb or Vaught of 
my last deceased husband In the Chappell or Church att my Bouwerie: And in 
case it should happen that my said Church or Chappell did come to decay, or for 
another reason be demolished, I doe hereby declare and publish it, to bee my Last 
will and Testament, that of the materialls and Rubbage of said Chappell bee made 

a building sufficient ffor a cover upon the Vaught And I doe by these 

presents further, by forme of a Legasie give and grante to the Reformed nether 
Dutch Church or Congregation of the Citty of New York My Testracies Church or 
Chappell Scituated On my bowry or farmes. Together with all the revenues, prof- 
fitts and immunityes. As also with all the Incumbrances to the said Chappell belong- 
ing Or appertaining. To have and to hold the said Chappell and appurtenance 
after the time of my decease Unto the Overseers of the said Congregation, to the 
use aforesayd for ever, with further power, iff they see cause to demolish or dis- 
place the same, and to employ the Materialls thereof to such uses as they shall 
think fitt and expedient. Provided that in such case of the said materialls bee 
made and built all and whatsoever In the enclosed Testament is expressed and 
required, for the preservation of the tombe or vaught which was built by my 
deceased husband in the said Church 

This Chapel does not seem to have been used for Dutch Church services after 
1672, or at least after 1687. In 1799 the Episcopal Church of St. Marks was 
founded on this same spot. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 93 



Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies. Kingston, 1687, March 27th. 

(A letter from) Kingston in 'New jSTetherland, by Kev. John 
Weeksteen, August 23, 1686. 

He requests the Acta in reference to the approval of his call, 
signed by his Excellency, Governor Andros, and which are now 
in the hands of this Classis; inasmuch as no copy thereof is to be 
found, (with his church.) 

ISTew ISTetherland. Letter from Rev. Rudolphus Varick, Septem- 
ber 9, 1686. 

Sailing the last of March from Amsterdam, he arrived safely 
in J^ew York in the beginning of July. He had been invited to 
settle at jN^ew Albany; but found it better to bind himself to 
the people of Long Island, with a good salary, and free fire- 
wood, and in a new house. At the same time he had agreed, 
upon the departure of Rev. Tesschenmaker from Staten Island 
to Schonehsteil (Schenectady) to administer the Holy Supper on 
that Island, four times per annum. 

A certain Quaker, Jacob Telner, had taken in some people 
on Long Island, but he seemed to be almost through; and they 

were singularly the English minister with whom he 

hoped to associate. 

ISTew York. Letter from Rev. Selyns, Sept. 20, 1686. 

He rejoices in the satisfaction the Classis takes in his labors. 
He mentions the arrival of Rev. Variek. He shows himself re- 
joiced also in the fact that, over and above the stipulated terms, 
he had given to him eleven hundred guilders for his transporta- 
tion in divers kinds , and the house had been en- 
larged and improved. 

936 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

Of Tessclienmaker, as above. 

That Rev. Godfridiis Delliiis had taken leave of ISTew Albany; 
and that until liis (proposed) departure, be was staying at New 
York, where his children and his wife had fallen into a serious 
illness: that he had indeed good reasons to stay with the church; 
and that a schuyt (boat?) from Antwerp did harm to the church. 

He himself, (Seljms), and the church at New York, Bergen, 
and N(ew Harlem?) were still in good condition. 

He maintained church discipline, and had established catechiza- 
tion for married persons, who thus prepared themselves for con- 

Many French refugees were filling up the churches there, (in 

E-ev. Peter Daille, at New York, Rev. Lambertus van der 
Bosch, on Staten Island; and at Boston, Rev. Morpo, were minis- 
ters of that nationality. 

Having been made a widower seven months ago, he had now 
hopes of a good marriage, xxi. 301. 

Letters from Rev. Varick. 

1687, April 1st. 

A letter from Rev. Rudolphus Varick was handed in to Classis, 
and was placed in the hands of the Deputies ad res Exteras, to 
make extracts therefrom. The first (or next?) regular Classis 
shall be held May 5th, 1687, and Rev. Lucas van Noord shall 
preside, viii. 9. . . , 

Petition of the Feench Pkotestants of New York. 

(Translated from the French.) 
To Mylord, 

My lord Dongan, Governor for the King, in the Countries of 

The French Protestants humbly supplicate and represent, that 
they are infinitely obliged to the King for ha"\dng so much good- 
ness for them, and for consenting, as you have taken the trouble 

OF THE State of New York. 937 

to testify, that those who will repair to this Province should 
enjoy some special advantages. Therefore the Petitioners hope 
from his Majesty's Clemency that he will not refuse them the 
favour they ask with all possible respect — that is, that Mer- 
chants, Masters of Vessels, and others who will settle in this 
Country, may have the privilege of trading, going and coming in 
and to all places in America, Islands and Mainlands, that are 
under the Kings dominion, without the Governors of said Coun- 
tries giving them any trouble, disturbing their Commerce and 
treating them otherwise than as his Majesty's N^atural Subjects; 
inasmuch as the Petitioners swear inviolable obedience to the 
King, acknowledging him for their Sovereign Lord, Protector 
and Benefactor, to whom they will take an Oath of Pidelity, 
which they shall observe to tiie last breath of their lives. 

The Petitioners, My Lord, apply to your Lordship as to a 
Channel through which the King's favours flow to them; be- 
seeching you to be pleased to write to his Majesty that he may 
have the Charity to order said Governors of the places sub- 
ject to him, duly to receive the Petitioners who shall have your 
passports, and to act towards them as towards His Majesty's Sub- 
jects which is necessary in order that the Petitioners may sub- 
sist in this Province. That wall encourage them to establish 
themselves there, and to attract others who eventually will greatly 
enhance and augment these countries. What will afford you 
My Lord satisfaction the Petitioners shall accomplish with all 
their power, being your Excellency's 

Most humble, most obedient, most faithful 

and obliged Servants 
Jean Bouteillier, for all. — Col. Docs. iii. 419. 
Endorsed, New York 168 « 
Petition of the ffrench Protestants 
to be permitted to settle there. 

Received from Mr. Spragg 9 May 1687 

Eead 18 May '87. [See July 19, 1687.] 



938 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Governor Dongan to the Reverend Father de Lamberville. 

May 20th, 16S7. 
Reverend Father: 

I have received yours of the tenth coiirrant from the Oanondages and am heartily 
glad that you are in good health and as much as lyes in me you may be assured 
that I will do all my endeavours to protect you from the danger you apprehend 
from those people and all those others of your fraternity that continue in doing 
good service. 

I am sorry that our Indians are soe troublesome to the Indians of Cannida but 
I am informed from Christians .that it is the custom of those people, that what 
countrey they conquer belongs to them as their own, yet I lay no stress on that, 
but I am still in doubt whither that land where the Indians goes to warr belongs 
to our King or to the King of France, but in all probability if I be truly informed 
it must depend on the King of England territories, it Ij'ing west and by south of 
this place and your countryes lye to the northward of us but that is no material 
reason for the Indians to disturbe the people of Canada and I will use my endeavour 
that they shall disturb them no more but leave the decission of that to my Master 
at home as I leave all other things which relates to any difference between us and 
the people of Canada and I am sure that Monsieur de Noville will do the same. 

I have not spoke to the Indians as yet, your messenger being in hast, cannot 
give an account what they can say for themselves but to continue a right under- 
standing between the government of Canada and this if any of the Indians will 
doe any thing to disturbe the King of France's subjects, let the Governour send to 
me and I will doe all the justice that is possible for me to do and if he will do 
the same it will be a meane to keep those people in, and to see both Governments 
in a good correspondence one with the other. But I hear they pretend that they 
are afraid of the French, but I hope that Monsieur de Nonville will well weigh 
the business before he inuades any of the King of England's subjects — I have no 
time to write to him at present but assure him of my humble service and that I 
will write to him before I goe, Haveing no other business here in sending for the 
Indians but to check them for offering to disturbe the people of Canada. 

Reverend Father, 

I am your humble servant, 

(signed) Tho. Dongan. 

I pray you to pray to God for me. 

Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 464. 

Governor Dongan to Monsieur de Denonville. 

June 20, 16S7. 

I am informed by some of our Indians that your Excellency was pleased to 
desire them to meet you at Cadarague; I could hardly believe it till I had a letter 
from Father Lamberville, wherein he informs me that it is true. I am informed 
of your Fathers endeavours dayly to carry away our Indians to Canada as you 
have already done a great many, you must pardon me if I tell you that that is' 
not the right way to keep fair correspondence. I have also been informed that, 
they are told I have given to Indians orders to rob the French wherever they' 
could meet them, that is as false as tis true that God is in heaven, what I have 
done was by your own desire in complyance wherewith I ordered, both, the' 
Indians and the people of Albany that if they found any French or English on' 
this side of the great lake, without either your passe or mine, they should seize' 
them and bring them to Albany: I am now sorry That I did it since it is not agree- 
able to you and has as I am informed hindered the coming of a great many beauers 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 


to this place — I shall therefore recall those orders. I am daily expecting Re- 
ligious men from England which I intend to put amongst those five nations. I 
desire you would order Monsieur de Lamberville that soe long as he stays amongst 
those people he would meddle only with the affairs belonging to his function and 
that those of our Indians thtit are turned Catholiques and live in Canada may 
content themselves with their being alone without endeavoring to debauch others 
after them, if they do and I catch any of them I shall handle them very severely. 

I am, Sir: 

Your most humble servant 

(signed) Tho. Dongan. 

Sir 1 send you some Oranges hearing they are a rarity in your parts and would 
send more, but the bearer wants conveniency of Carriage. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 465. 

Remarks of Governor Denonville of Canada, on Letter of Gov- 
ernor Dongan of jSTew York, concerning Central ISTew York, 
and the Missionaries there. 



Copy of a Letter from Mr. Dongan 
to the Marquis de Denonville of 
the lltb of June, 1687. 

The Marquis de Denonville's An- 
swer by paragraphs to M. Dongan's 

letter of the 22nd of August, 1687. 


The enclosed came to my bands 
last night from England with or- 
ders to have it proclaimed which 
has accordingly been done; what 
is there agreed upon I will observe 
to the least title, and I doubt not 
but your Excellency will d.o the 
same, and I hope, be so kinde as 
not desire or seek any coi'respond- 
ence with our Indians of this side 
of the Great Lake; if they do 
amisse to any of your Government, 
and you make it known to me, you 
shall have all justice done; and if 
any of your people disturbe us I 
will have the same recourse to you 
for satisfaction. 


Nothing will be observed on my 
part more strictly than all the ar- 
ticles contained in the Treaty of 
Neutrality concluded between our 
masters, a copy of which I send 
you as I received it from the King, 
similar to that you sent me in 
Latin. If you observe it as I do, 
we shall all have a good under- 
standing; but you do not take the 
proper way to effect it by your 
pretensions against the King's 
rights, which form the whole sub- 
ject in dispute between us, re- 
specting the limits; as you agreed 
with me that we should refer the 
decision thereon to our masters. 
You are wrong. Sir, to hold as in- 
disputable that the Iroquois sav- 
ages, whom you call your Indians, 
are your's. You must. Sir, leave 
things in the state you found them 


Ecclesiastical Records 


I am informed by some of our 
Indians that your Excellency was 
pleased to desire tliem to meet you 
at Cataraque. I could hardly be- 
lieve it till I had a letter from the 
most distant Lambervilles who in- 
form me that it is true. 

on arriving at your Government, 
and make no innovation. You 
know we have been more than 
twenty years in possession of the 
Five Iroquois Nations by various 
circumstances, and especially by 
that of the Missionaries whom the 
King first sent thither, and who 
have always remained there de- 
spite the persecutions experienced 
at the hands of those Heathen, and 
through the instigation of your 
heretic merchants, and particularly 
of the Trader named Robert 

Since you have been informed 
that I wished to see the Iroquois 
at Cataracouy. to arrange with 
them the causes of discontent I 
had, on account of their violence 
and misbehaviour, this is telling me 
that it is you who prevented them 
coming to give me an explanation 
of their violence. Therefore, Sir, 
I have no reason to doubt but you 
would wish to induce me to pro- 
claim war against them. The Rev. 
Fathers Lamberville were justified 
in advising you that I had called 
the said Iroquois to Catarocouy, as 
I instructed them to warn the Five 
Nations to come there. Had. you 
loved peace and union you would 
have sent thither some one on 
your behalf to contribute to the 
general peace between the nations. 

I am also informed of your 
Fathers' endeavors dayly to carry 
away our Indians to Canada as 
they have already done a great 
many. You must pardon me if I 
tell you that that is not the right 
way to keepe fair correspondence. 

If you had been better informed 
of the zeal of the King for the 
increase of the Christian and Cath- 
olic Faith, you would have been 
aware of the great number of 
Jesuit Missionaries who have la- 
bored for more than eighty (sixty? 
1607 or 1627?) years with infi- 
nite pains for the conversion of 

OF THE State of ^ew York. 



I am daily expecting Religious 
men from England which I intend 
to put amongst those Five Nations. 
I desire you would order Monsr. de 
Lamberville that so long as he 
stayes amongst those people he 
would meddle only with the affairs 
belonging to his function, and that 
those of our Indians that are Catho- 
lics in Canada may content them- 

the poor savages of this country. 
I am astonished that you are igno- 
rant of the number of martyrs who 
have spilt their blood and sacri- 
ficed their lives for the faith of 
Jesus Christ. I am further aston- 
ished that you should be ignorant 
that before Manate (Manhatten) 
belonged to the King your Master 
— being in possession of the heretic 
Dutch as you are aware — our Mis- 
sionai'ies, persecuted and martyred, 
found there an asylum and protec- 
tion. Is it possible now, when the 
said country has the happiness to 
be under the dominion of a great 
King, the protector and defender 
of the truth of the Gospel. (James 
II) that you, Sir, who represent his 
sacred person and profess his Holy 
Religion should find it strange, and 
be scandalized that our Mission- 
aries labor so usefully as they do 
for the general conversion of these 
poor Heathen people. You did not 
reflect. Sir, when you complained 
of it. But I have much greater 
cause to find it strange, that peo- 
ple should have come last year into 
our missions with presents from 
you, to debauch and dissuade our 
Christians from continuing in the 
exercise of the Holy Religion, 
which they profess with so much 
edification. Pardon me if I say 
that this is not a right way to pre- 
serve good correspondence. 

I should think. Sir, that you 
ought to have awaited the decision 
of the differences between our 
Masters relative to the boundaries, 
before dreaming of introducing re- 
ligious men among the Five Na- 
tions; your charity. Sir, for the 
conversion of these people would 
have been more useful to them, 
and more honorable to you, had 


Ecclesiastical Records 


selves with their being alone with- 
out endeavoring to debauch others 
after them. If they do, and I can 
catch any of them, I shall handle 
them very severely. 

you commenced by lending your 
protection to the Missionaries they 
had for the advancement of re- 
ligion, instead of taking pains to 
drive them from their missions and 
prevent them converting the hea- 
then. You cannot deny, Sir, that 
should our Missionaries leave, 
these poor infidels will be a long 
time without instruction, if they 
must await the arrival of your re- 
ligious men. and until these have 
learned the language. Regarding 
your desire that our Missionaries 
content themselves with what 
Christian Savages they have in 
Canada, you little understand, Sir, 
their zeal. I assure you there is 
not one who would not willingly 
be burnt alive, were he assured 
that he could attract by his mar- 
tyrdom all the Indians to the 
Christian and Catholic faith. Can 
you censure them for this charity, 
and can you accuse them of de- 
bauching people when they seek 
only their salvation and. God"s 

I should wish. Sir, with all my 
heart to be able to serve you and 
to visit you; but the distance be- 
tween us is too great. I have 
much respect for all the people of 
quality of your nation and especially 
such as have served in the armies. 

I should wish you would desire 
to be on such good terms as that 
we could visit each other. I would 
willingly repair to the confines of 
your government, which are very 
close to Orange. [Albany.] There- 
fore you would not have much of a 
journey to make. 

I thank you. Sir, for your 
oranges. It was a great pity that 
they should have been all rotten. 
I am, Sir, 

Your very humble and very obe- 
dient servant, 
(Signed) The M. de Denonville. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. ui. 469^R'2. 

OF THE State of New York. 943 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters from Rev. Varick. 

168Y, June 9tli. 

The extracts, from the letter of Rev. Varick which had been 
given into the hands of Deputies ad res extrandas (?) are (not?) 
yet exhibited, viii. 17. 

Order to Govern-or Dongan Concerning French Protest- 
ants. [See IVL^Y 9, 1687.] 

After our very hearty commendations; His Majesty having 
been made acquainted with the Petition of Divers French Protest- 
ants transmitted by you, humbly praying that being come with 
their families to settle at iN'ew York, liberty may be granted unto 
them to trade to his Majesty's Plantations in such manner as 
His Majesty's natural born subjects; And his Majesty being 
graciously inclined to give all due encouragement to such French 
Protestants as are settled or shall become Inhabitants of New 
York, Wee have received His Majesty's Commands to signify 
His Royal Pleasure unto you That you give unto them all fitting 
encouragement soe far forth as may bee consistent with His 
Majesty's service in those parts. And that you doe forthwith 
transmit unto us (and so from time to time) the names of such 
French Protestants as desire to settle or continue in that Province, 
to the end that Letters of Denization may pass under ye great 
seal of England, whereby they may become qualified to trade to 
His Majesty's Plantations according to their request and the 
several acts of Trade and Navigation in that behalf. And soe 
wee bid you heartily farewell. From the Council Chamber at 
White Hall the 19th of July 1687. 

Your very loving friends, 

Jeffreys C. Sunderland P. 

Arundell C. P. S. Craven. — Col. Docs. 



944 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

1687, Aug. 12-21, Synod of IS^orth Holland, at Haarlem, 

Article 54. 
Kingstowiie, in Xew Xetlierlaud, by Rev. John Weeksteen 
' . , , • August 23, 1686. 

He requests tlie act of approval of his call, signed by Governor 
Andros (1680), which was in the keeping of this Classis, inasmuch 
as no copy was to be found there, (in America). 

New i^etherland, from Rev. Rudolphus Yarik, 

September 9, 1686, (1685?) 

Having sailed from Amsterdam the latter part of March, he 
arrived safely in New York in the early part of July. He had 
been invited to New Albany, but found it better to bind himself 
to the people of Long Island, at a salary of nine hundred giiilders, 
free fire wood, and a new dwelling. At the same time, upon 
the departure of Rev. Teschenmaker from Staten Island to 
Schenectady, he agreed to administer the Lord's Supper on the 
said Island four times per annum. 

A certain Quaker called Jacob Telmer, (Tellenaer), had won 
over some people on Long Island, but he seemed to be nearly 
through. There were, singularly enough, no other sectaries; only 
there were several English preachers, vdth whom he hoped to 
have intercourse. 

New York — from Rev. Selyns, 

September 20, 1686 (1685?) 

He rejoices in the pleasure the Classis takes in his work. He 
mentions the anival of Rev. Yarick, and shows that he is 
much pleased therewith; that he also receives beyond what was 
stipulated, namely, one hundred guilders for his passage, and is 
encouraged; his house is also improved and enlarged. 

OF THE State of New York. 945 

Of the Rev. Teschmaker — as above. 

That Rev. Godfrey Delliiis has taken leave of New Albany, 
and had stayed at New York since he left there, where his child 
had died, and his wife had become seriously ill. He himself 
was well, and his churches at New York, Bergen, and New Haar- 
lem were also in good condition. He maintained church disci- 
pline; and had established a Catechism Class for married persons, 
who are preparing for confession. 

Many French refugees augment the churches there (in 
America). Rev. Peter Daille, at New York, Rev. Lambertus 
van den Bosch, on Staten Island, Rev. Mageto, (Morpo?) at Bos- 
ton, were the preachers of that nationality. 

Monsieur de Denonville to Governor Dongan. 

August 21, 1687. 


When you arrived in your present government, clld you not find, Sir, in the 
whole of the five Iroquois villages, all our Missionaries sent by the King, almost 
the entire of whom the heretic merchants have caused to be expelled even in your 
time, which is not honorable to your government. It is only three years since 
the greater number M'ere forced to leave; the fathers, Lamberville alone bore 
up against the insults and ill treatment they received through the solicitations 
of your traders. Is it not true. Sir, that you panted only to induce them to 
abandon their mission? You recollect. Sir, that you took the trouble to send 
under a guise of duty, so late as last year, to solicit them by urgent discourses 
to retire under the pretext that I wished to declare war against the village of 
the Onnontagues. What certainty had you of it. Sir, if it were not the charge, 
and prohibition you had given them, not to send the prisoners I demanded of 
them and they surrendered to me? You foresaw the war I would make, by that! 
which you were desirous of waging against me through them, and which you have 
waged against me through the Senecas. In this way. Sir, it is very easy to foresee 

I admire. Sir, the passage of your last letter of the 11th of June of this year 
in which you state that the King of England your Master has juster title than 
the King to the posts we occupy, and the foundation of your reasoning is that 
they are situate to the South of you, just on the border of one portion of your* 
territory (domination). In refutation of your sorry reasonings. Sir, it is only 
necessary to tell you that you are very badly acquainted with the Map of the- 
country and know still worse the points of tlie compass where those Posts are 
relative to the situation of Menade (New York). It is only necessary to ask you 
again wliat length of time we occupy those Posts and who discovered them — 
You or we? Again, who is in possession of them? After that, read the 5th' 
Article of the treaty of Neutrality and you will see if you were justified in giving 
orders to establish your trade by force of arms at Missilimaquina. As I send' 



946 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

j^ou a copy of your letter with the answer to each Article, I need not repeat here 
what is embraced in that answer. 

Rely on me Sir. Let us attache ourselves closely to the execution of our Masters' 
intentions; let us seek after their example to promote the Religion and serve it; 
let us live in good understanding according to their desires. I repeat and protest, 
Sir. it remains only with you; but do not imagine that I am a man to suffer 
others to play me tricks. ; i; 

I send you back Antoine Lespinard, bearer of your passport and letter. I shall 
await. Sir, your final resolution as to the restitution of your prisoners whom I 
wish much to give up to you, on condition that you execute the treaty of Neutrality 
in all its extent and that you furnish me with proper guarantees therefor. 
Sir, your very humble and obedient servant 

The (M.) de Denonville. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 467, 468. 

Governor Dongan of !^ew York to Governor Denonville, of 



Dongan acknowledges the reception of Denonville's letter of August 21, 1687. 
It then tediously discusses the relative claims of France and England to Central 
New York: — " and for your pretences of sixty years possession (1627-1687), 'tis 
impossible; for they and the Indians who wear pipes through their noses, traded 
with Albany long before the French settled at Montreall " 

You say also in your letter, that the King of England, has no right to the Five 
Nations on this side of the Lake, I would willingly know, if so, whose subjects they 
are in your opinion. — • You tell me of your having had Missionaries among them; 
itt is a very charitable act, but I suppose and am very well assured, that glues 
no just right or title to the Government of the Country — Father Bryare writes 
to a Gent: there, that the King of China, never goes anywhere without two Jesuits 
with him: I wonder why you make uot the like pretence to that Klngdome; you 
also say you had many Missionaries among them att my comeing to this govern- 
ment; in that you have been misinformed, for I never heard of any but the two 
Lambervilles who were att Onnondages, and were protected by me from the Inso- 
lencys of Indians, as they desired of me, and as by their letters in which they give 
me thanks, appears; but when they understood your intentions, they thought fit 
to go without taking leave; butt their sending there was, as I afterwards found, 
for some other end than propagating the Christian Religion, as was apparent by 
some letters of theirs directed to Canada, which happened to come to my hands. 

Now you have mist of your unjust pretentions: — You are willing to refer all 
things to our blasters; I will endeavor to protect his Majesties subjects here, from 
your unjust invasions, until I hear from the King, my Master, (James II.), who is 
the greatest and most glorious Monarch that ever set on a Throne, and would do as 
much to propagate the Christian faith as any prince that lives, and is as tender 
of wronging the sul^jects of any potentate whatever, as he is of suffering his owne 
to be injured. 

Itt is very true that I have eat a great deale of the bread of France, and have, 
in requittall, complyed with my obligations in doing what I ought, and would prefer 
the service of the French King, before any, except my owne; and have a great 
deal of respect for all the people of quality of your nation; which engages me to 
advise Monsr. Denonville to send home all the Chi-istians and Indians prisoners, 
the King of England's subjects, you unjustly do deteine; this I thought fltt to 
answer to your reflecting and provoking letter. 

A true coppy. 

OF THE State of New York:. 947 


Classis of Amsterb \m. 

Acts of the Deputies and their CoRRESPOis-DEisrcE. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Kev. Zeleins, (Henry Selyns), 'Nov. 

13, 1687. xxvii. 196. 
Eeverend and Much Beloved Sir and Brother in Christ: — 

Yours, dated September 20th, 1686, was as pleasant to us in 
its reception as yourself could have been. We shall never cease 
to maintain our ecclesiastical correspondence with you and the 
other pastors whom you mention in the Indies of JTew iSTether- 
land; neither will we in any wise doubt your determination to 
build up and advance the kingdom of Jesus, and to edify his 
Church. In reference to these things we wish you God's rich 
and gracious blessing. We also remain thankful for the honor 
and respect which you have for our Classical Assembly. We hold 
ourselves under obligations ever to meet you with courtesy, and 
likewise to hold you in respect, as well as all other pastors which 
edify (the flock.) It has also been very pleasant to us to learn 
from your letter, that Eev. Varick arrived in good health, and 
that you are pleased with him; also that he himself and the 
church of Long Island are mutually satisfied. May the Lord en- 
able you to continue in the unity of the Spirit and in the bond 
of peace. 

We are also rejoiced that Rev. Tesschenmaker has accepted 
the call extended to him by the church of Schenectady; also that 
Eev. Dellius has resolved to be a light-bearer, both in doctrine 
and life, to the church of JSTew Albany, in warning his church 
against the Papacy and its abominations. 

We are thankful and continue so for the communication which 
you have been pleased to make respecting Pennsylvania; that 
there is there a French pastor, with a church: also concerning 
the good results which are accomplished by your colleague, Rev. 
Peter Daille; that Rev. Laurentius Van der Bosch has been ac- 


948 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

cepted as pastor on Long (Staten?) Island, for the Frencli people 
there, and that Rev. Moyro (?) instructs and comforts the French 
refugees in Boston; also in reference to what the English church 
has been subjected to, by the change of pastors. May God Al- 
mighty preserve his church, and keep us all in the purity of the 
doctrine of the Holy Gospel. May he give again into your bosom 
a good and God-fearing wife, in place of her who has deceased, 
one with whom you may live in peace, love, edification and mu- 
tual satisfaction. 

Since your departure there have been many changes here, even 
as the world is a constant scene of change. Of these you have 
doubtless been previously and specially informed. Mr, Witti- 
chius, of Leyden, has recently died in the Lord. Enough for this 
time, on account of other and similar duties. May Jehovah be 
with you and all of us. Be heartily greeted nomine omnium. 
Your obedient servant and brother in Christ, 

J. Ojers, Dep. CI. p.t. Scriba. 
Nov. 13, 1687. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Rudolphus Varig (Varick) on Long 
Island, Nov. 13, 1687. xxvii. 197. 

Sir, and Most Worthy Brother in Christ: — 

We learned with joy, from your letter, dated September 9, 
1686, that you, together with your dearest and your children, 
had arrived in New Netherland in health and safety; that with 
great earnestness you have taken charge of the service of the 
Holy Gospel in the church of Long Island; and that you have 
been received with great good will by that church and to your 
ov/n entire satisfaction. All this affords us special pleasure, and 
we are sure you will do much to profit and edify that people. 
To this end, may the Lord give you his richly-gracious blessing. 
We also must praise your determination to maintain, in those 
far distant regions of the West Indies, friendship and fraternity 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 949 

with the English ministers there; and that you have also prom- 
ised certain on Long Island, to be at their service four times a 
year, to administer the Holy Supper for them. May Jehovah, 
the triune and faithful God, grant his blessing upon you and 
your family, and may your labor, service and gifts be spent to 
the honor of his Name, and the extension of the Kingdom of 
Jesus, even among the heathen. In closing, receive a hearty 
gTeeting from me, who write, nomine omnium. 
Sir and Most Worthy Fellow-laborer, 
Your obedient servant and brother, 

Joannes Ojers, 
Amsterdam, Depp. CI. p.t. Scriba. 

Nov. 13, 1687. 

Call for a Day of Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer, for 
THE Dutch Church in" New York. 

The Consistory, finding on the one hand, that it has pleased 
Almighty God, according to his boundless mercy, to bless this 
state and city with general health, abundant produce of the earth, 
commerce by sea, wdth increasing trade and business; and ob- 
serving on the other hand, because of our extreme ingratitude, 
the increase of our sins, and our decline in piety, that God's wrath 
has begun to kindle, and will without doubt burn hotter unless 
there be a speedy decrease of our transgressions: 

Has therefore resolved to proclaim to this congregation a day 
of special thanksgiving, fasting and prayer, namely, eight days 
from the coming Sunday, being January 8, (1688), to praise 
and thank God the Lord, with an earnest and upright heart, for 
his undeserved grace and benefits, so mercifully shown to this 
state in general, and to this city and church in particular, at 
various times and on sundry occasions; and further to entreat 
his Divine Majesty with holy humility, that his threatened wrath 
may be turned into grace; that his blessings may increase and 
not be driven away by our sins; and that all of us together, both 


950 Ecclesiastical Records 


old and young, may lay aside all pomp and pride, cursing and 
swearing, drunkenness and reveling, Vvantonness and deeds of un- 
righteousness, as well as more lieinous sins, which are too com- 
mon already and are still increasing: 

And especially that it would please God the Lord to endow 
his E-oyal Majesty of Great Britain, (James II) and all the rulers 
of this land, of this city and of this church, with the spirit of 
wisdom, courage, uprightness and piety, and to bring their 
Honors, with their subjects and members, to heartfelt abasement 
and conversion, and to show evidences of piety, so that the al- 
ready kindled fire and heat of his threatened wrath, may be 
quenched betimes, and new blessings be obtained with the New 
Year. - ■ 

Wherefore the members of the congregation are requested to 
conduct themselves on the day named in such a way as shall tend 
to the extolling the Most High, and the abasing of ourselves, and 
the amending our lives, and the preservation and prosperity of 
our entire land, our city and cliurch. 

Actum in New York, in our Church Assembly, December 30^ 

In tjie name and authority of the Consistory, 

Henry Selyns 
William Beeckman 
. Peter de la Noy. 

Need of a New Church-Building in New York. 

The Consistory's Resolution for the Building of a Dutch Church. 

The Consistory of this Dutch Reformed Church in the city 
of New York, having considered the great decay of their church 
building, which there is no hope of repairing, have, for these 
and other reasons, with the knowledge and consent of many of 
the principal members, judged it necessary to inquire after the 
proper means of building a new church, wherein divine service 
and its appurtenances for this particular congregation, may be 
suitably performed. 

OF THE State of iSTEw York. 951 


And since sucli a building cannot be erected without great 
costs, the said Consistory have thought proper and resolved, that 
some qualified persons of their own number should repair to the 
residences of the respective members of this congregation, and 
the well disposed hearers in the same, and inquire what each is 
willing to contribute for such a necessary and God-pleasing work; 
and whatever is promised bj any one of them for this purpose, 
shall be due and payable in three installments, one third on the 
first of July next, (1688), one third on the first of July following, 
(1689), and one third on the first of July, 1690. 

Done in our Church Assembly, December 30, 1687. 
Signed by, 

Henry Selyns Isaac Van Vleck 

William Beeckman Mcholas de Meyer 

Peter de la Noy ' John Harbending 

Mcholas Bayard Thomas de Key 

John Kerfbyl Carsten Ludister 

Stephen Van Cortlandt (Old Elder) Jacob Kip. 

Domine Selyns, with Messrs. de la iSToy and de Meyer were 
appointed such Committee. ' 

ThanksgivinCx Day. 

Call for a day of Prayer upon the Queen's Pregnancy. By the 

Governor. A Proclamation. 

His Majesty, (James II), having by his royal proclamation 
bearing date at White Hall, the 23rd day of December last past, 
in the third year of his reign, signified to all his loving subjects 
that, amongst other signal blessings wherewith Almighty God 
hath been graciously pleased to grant his most sacred Majesty, 
and the dominions and territories under his Majesty's govern- 
ment — he hath given his Majesty apparent hopes and good as- 
surance of having issue by his royal consort, the queen, who 
through God's great goodness was then with child: and whereas, 

952 Ecclesiastical Records 


increase of issue of the royal family is a public, and under God, 
great security of peace and happiness to all his Majesty's sub- 
jects: His Excellency hath therefore thought fit, by the advice 
and consent of the Council, to appoint a time upon this occasion 
to render public and hearty thanks for this great blessing, and 
to offer up prayers to Almighty God for the continuance thereof. 

And his Excellency doth accordingly appoint, command and 
require that on the 11th day of this instant April, in the city and 
county of 'New York, Kings county. Queens county, and the 
counties of Richmond and Westchester; and on the 20th of the 
said month, in all the rest of his Majesty's provinces; public 
thanks and solemn prayers be offered up to Almighty God, upon 
the occasion aforesaid, whereof his Excellency doth strictly 
charge and command all his Majesty's loving subjects in this 
province to take note and demean themselves accordingly in all 

Dated at I^ew York, this 2nd day of April 1688. 
By his Excellency's command, 

Thomas Dongan. 

Lib. A. 62. 


To his Excellency, Thomas Dongan, Governor and Captain-Gen- 
eral of his Majesty's province of i*Te\v York, and Depend- 
encies, etc. 

The humble Petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons, as 
being the representatives of the Dutch Reformed Congregation 
within this city: That your Petitioners are informed of his 
Excellency's inclination that a church should be built outside of 
the fort and within the city; and your Petitioners, upon due 
advice and consultation with the chief members of their said 
church, being willing to concur with his Excellency's inclina- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 953 

tion, and with all possible expedition to build a new chui'ch 
within said city at the proper costs and charges of your Petition- 
ers, provided it be for their and their successors' own proper 
and particular use and worship. But since the same cannot be 
accomplished without a vast and considerable charge, which your 
Petitioners humbly conceive will not easily be raised unless the 
disbursers be secured, that the said new church be built at their 
proper cost and charges, as above said, be confirmed unto them, 
their successors and posterity forever: 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that your Excel- 
lency will be pleased, gratis, to establish and confirm your Peti- 
tioners to be a Body Corporate and Ecclesiastical, and thereby 
qualified persons, and capable in law, to have, hold and enjoy 
lands and tenements, as also goods and chattels, under the name 
and style of " The Minister or Ministers, the Elders and Deacons 
of the Dutch Reformed Church in l^J'ew York " which are now 
or shall hereafter be chosen by them; and your Petitioners wHl 
ever pray, etc. 

]^omine jussuque omnium, 

Henry Selyns, Minister, ]Sreo-Eboracensis. 
April 4, 1688. 

Lib. A. 60. 

Petition for a Site foe a Dutch Church ik" Xew York. (In 

English. ) 

To the Worshipful Mayor and Aldermen and Assistants for the 
County and City of New York, at present assembled at the 
City Hall within the said City: 

The hmnble Petition of the Minister Elders and Deacons, as 
being the representatives of the Dutch Reformed Church or 
Congregation within this City: 

That your Petitioners are informed of your Excellency's, the 
Governor's inclination that a church should be built in this citv. 



954 Ecclesiastical Records 

Therefore your Petitioners, upon due advice and consultation 
with the chief members of their said Church, are willing to con- 
cur with his Excellency's inclination to cause a Church to be 
built m this City for their own proper use and worship, to the 
performance whereof there will be necessity for a convenient 

Your Petitioners do, therefore, humbly crave your Worships 
would be pleased to present them and their successors with a cer- 
tain vacant piece of ground formerly designed for that purpose, 
lying within this City, or any other convenient place fit for that 
purpose. And your Petitioners will ever pray, etc. 

ISTomine jussuque omnium, 

Henry Selyns. 
April 4th 1688. 

Commission of Andros to be Governor also of New York and New Jersey as well 
as of New England.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 537-542. 

' 1688, April 7. 

(Nothing on Religion.) 

Secret Instructions to Andros as Governor of New England and New York and 

New Jersey. 

1688, April 16. 

As to Morals and Religion. 

You are to take care that drunkenness and debauchery, swearing and blasphemy, 
be severely punished; and that none be admitted to public trusts and imployments 
whose ill fame and conversation may bring a scandal thereupon. 

You are to permitt a liberty of conscience in matters of religion to all persons, 
so they be contented with a quiet and peaceable enjoyment of it, pursuant to our 
gracious declaration, bearing date the fourth day of April, in the third year of our 
reign; which you are to cause to be duly observed and put in execution. 

And you are also with the assistance of our Councill to find out the best means 
to facilitate and encourage the conversion of Negroes and Indians to the Christian 

And forasmuch as great inconveniences may arise by the liberty of printing 
within said Territory, under your Government, you are to provide by all necessary 
orders, that no person keep any printing press for printing, nor that any book, 
pamphlet or other matter whatsoever be printed without your especial leave and 
license first obtained. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 546-7. 

OF THE State of IsTew Yoek. 955 

Order to Governor Dois'aAisr to Resig^t His Government to 

Sir E. Andros. 

1688, April 22. 

Trusty and wellbeloved we greet you well. Whereas we have thought it neces- 
sary for our Service and the better protection of our subjects to join and annex 
our Province of New York to our Government of New England and have accord- 
ingly by our commission bearing date the 7th day of this instant April constituted 
and appointed our Trusty and wellbeloved Sir Edmund Andros Knight to be our 
Captain Generall and Governor in Chief as well of our Province of New York as 
of other the Colonies of our said territory and Dominion of New England. Wee 
doe hereby signify unto you Our Will and Pleasure that upon the arrival of Sir 
Edmund Andros within our Colony of New York and the publication of his Com- 
mission there you deliver unto him or such as shall bo appointed by him the Seale 
of our said Province with the publick papers and ensigns of Government. Where- 
upon you are with as much speed as may consist with the condition and convenience 
of your private affairs to repair to our Royall presence where you may expect from 
us the marks of our Royall favor and assurance of our entire satisfaction in your 
good services during your Government of our said Colony. And so wee bidd you 
farewell. Given at our Court at Whitehall the 22ud day of April 1688. In the 
fourth year of our Reign. 

By his ^Majesty's Command, 

Sunderland P. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 550. 

1688, July 27. 

Synod of Xoetk Holland at Amsterdam. 

Nothing relating to America. 

Captain Francis JSTicholson to (Me. Povey^?) 

Celebration at Birth of a Princess to James II. 

Boston, August 31, 1688. 


I had the happiness of sending His Excellency ye joyfull news of a Princes Ijeing 
borne. The Governor celebrated itt att New Yorke as soon as he heard itt: and 
though I had itt late att night, yett endeavoured to solemnize itt as well as the 
time and this place could afford. Enclosed is a coppy of a Proclamation for a 
Generall Thankesgiving. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 5.54. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Rudolphus Variek to the Classis of Amsterdam. Sept. 30, 

1688. xxi. 312. 

Reverend Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Christ: — 

Your favor of the 14th of April 1688, sent by the Rev. Deputy 
for the Foreign Churches, Domine Ojers, was received. We 


956 Ecclesiastical Records 

were pleased to learn therefrom of the quietness and peace of 
God's church in our Fatherland — the ^Netherlands. May God 
bless his church more and more in these sad days. 

As to my congregation, we live in love and peace with each 
other. It is fairly well regulated, is zealous in serving God and 
increases daily. I have already informed you, that there are a 
few sectarians among us. Some of these have come over to us 
from Popery and Lutheranism since our arrival, and we hope 
that more will follow. 

The German Quaker, Jacob Tellenaer, has not preached in our 
district for more than a year and a half, and he does not any 
longer endeavor to convert any of our people. We have only 
two English Quaker families among us. One of these will ap- 
parently soon move away. , " 

Since mj last I have officiated in divine service in the con- 
gregation at Hackensack, seven (Dutch) miles from here ; also in 
two other neighboring places, where I preach, administer the 
sacraments, etc., twice a year. 

There are besides myself on this island, eight English preach- 
ers. Of these, I have spoken only with three of them. One is 
an Episcopalian, the second an Independent, the third a Presby- 
terian. All are able men and in harmony. The Erench con- 
gregation increases by daily arrivals from Carolina, the Garri- 
bean Islands and Europe. Lately two French preachers came 
over. I have as yet made the acquaintance and spoken to only 
one of them. I hear favorable reports about them. Domine 
Selyns has been requested to take, alternately with me, once a 
year, service among the Dutch on the South River. This I be- 
lieve we shall accept. 

The Reformed Church of Christ lives here in peace with all 
nationalities. Each pastor holds his flock within its own proper 

We have received Mr. Andros as Governor the second time. 
He speaks Dutch, is a member of the Reformed Church [ ?] and 
is very friendly to it. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 957 

Closing, I commend yon, Rev. Fathers and Brethren, to God 
and the Word of his Grace. May He bless yon and your services 
for the spread of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. I remain. 
Your Reverences brother and servant in Christ, 

Rudolphus Varick, 

Pastor on Long Island. 
Long Island, > , . - 

Ultimo, Sept. 1688. 


Rev. Llenry Selyns to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 10, 1688. 

xxi. 311. 

. ■ l^ew York, Oct. 10th, 1688. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen, and Brethren in 
the Lord: — 

Yours of ISTovember 13, 1687 was duly received. I and my 
colleagues, under whose charge the Church of God in these parts 
has been placed, are as ready at all times to give an account of 
our ministerial labors, as your Reverences are desirous of keeping 
up this ministerial Correspondence. It may be a question whether 
the communion of the saints does not, at least in part, consist 
of intelligence communicated from one part of the Church to 

We are glad to learn that you approve of Domine Dellius's 
remaining at ISTew Albany, and of the transfer of Domine Tess- 
chenmacker (from Staten Island) to Schenectady. Your action 
herein tends to give greater support to all efforts for the advance- 
ment of the Church. I am grateful also for the sympathy which 
you express for me in reference to the death of my wife, as well 
as for the undeserved good wishes which you express, that my 
domestic loss may be repaired. May the Lord be praised forever ! 
For his own ISTame's sake he has recompensed me tenfold; for 
he has given me a wife not only well endowed with worldly goods, 
but one still more endowed with all spiritual graces. 



958 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

I wrote to yonr Eeverences on August 24, 1687 and then in- 
formed you of the exact condition and gi'ateful prosperit}^ of the 
Church of God in this place and in the vicinity. It may be that 
this letter was never delivered to you, or you may have forgotten 
to answer it. Meantime it would be both impossible and un- 
christian for me to remain idle, and not keep up this corre- 
spondence, as I have been accustomed to do, and in duty am 
bound to do. As to the Church in general: It satisfactorily con- 
tinues in pristine statu, and we may now expect more prosperity 
than ever before. His Excellency, Sir Edward Andros, Governor 
at Boston, has now also been appointed Governor over ISTew York, 
(and exercises his authority nov/) from Canada to Pennsylvania. 
He is a member of the Church of England, but he understands 
and speaks both Dutch and French, and usually we preach (in 
Dutch) and Mr. Daille (in French.) The tempest which arose 
in connection Avith the arrival of the Separated Labadistic 

Bruta and Brutalia lightning flashes of fantastic 

Quakers, has mostly disappeared in smoke without any further 
violence. Vorsman and his party embrace at the most, not more 
than twelve Labadistic Apostles. They are working day and 
night to get ready their Church yard at New Bohemia, and it is 
not to be changed in the least. Tellenaer has packed up his whole 
Quaker establishment in order to become a Justice of the Peace 
in some village in Pennsylvania. It was impossible for him to 
accomplish what was beyond his powers, without God. Would 
that sin could be diminished and piety increased throughout our 
whole country I We have to lament that dykes and dams will 
break — the longer they are, the quicker — and this country is 
deluged with awful iniquity higher than the clouds. May God 
shield us from further iniquities that we may be preserved from 
corresponding punishments. 

But now concerning the churches more in particular : It has 
pleased God to visit this city and the country with a new kind 
of measles, with sad after results, (recidiven). I and my col- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 959 


leagues are doing our very best to prevent the evil consequences 
(recidiven) of sins gaining entrance into the Church of Christ; 
excepting Domine Schaats of New Albany. He cannot assist as 
he is now eighty years of age and is growing feeble. He can 
only preach once a fortnight — this old patriarch, who will soon 
go to the land of the patriarchs. Our French ministerial brethren 
in the Lord are doing well. Their congregations gi'ow not a little 
almost daily, because of the continual arrival of French (Protest- 
ant) refugees. The French minister at ]Sy^ew Castle (Caspar Car- 
pentier) is dead. About five hours from here, where Nova 
Rupella (New Rochelle) is laid out and is building up, a new 
(French) minister (David Bon Kepos) has arrived. Thus God's 
Church advances in the east and in the west. Time will show 
whether, by these circumstances the door of heaven will be open 
at length to the savages, who are altogether ignorant of the faith, 
and whose speech is barbarous. It seems as if God himself who 
heretofore winked at (Dutch, looked over) these times of ignor- 
ance in this country, is now proclaiming the necessity of turning 
to Him, in all lands. 

In closing, I commend your Keverences, individually and col- 
lectively, to the divine protection. I will continue to pray that 
the Lord of the harvest will not cease to strengthen your shoulder, 
to bear the great burden of duty, heavier than the heaviest mill- 
stone. Through your indefatigable zeal may He remove the 
distressing and dangerous load of Netherland sins, and forgive 
the weakness of the opposition thereto. Pray for us, that the 
Light of the Gospel may have its course tow^ards the setting of 
the sun, so that in the west as well as in the east, mau}^ may sit 
down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the Kingdom of 
God. Valete. 

Your obedient brother and most humble servant in the vine- 
yard of the Lord, 

Llenricus Selyns. 


960 Ecclesiastical Records 

Church of !N^ew York : Manor of Fordham. 

1688, Oct. 30. 

The Consistory of i^ew York requested Domine Selyns, and 
his wife, who had formerly been the wife of Cornelius Steen- 
wyck, to take upon themselves the defence of the Manor of Ford- 
ham against all other claimants. Landholders in Westchester 
claimed large tracts in the Manor of Fordham. The Consistory 
promised to repay them all costs. ISTicholas Bayard was asso- 
ciated with them. Lib. A. 63, 64. 

Petition of the Rev. Mr. Prudden. 

To the Excellent Colonell Thomas Dougan Goveruour Commander in Chief under 
his Majesty over the Province of New York and its dependan's 

The humble petition of John Prudden quondam minister of Jamaica in Queens 
County upon Long Island Sheweth 

That your humble petitioner having served the town of Jamaica in the work of 
the minister for the space and term of ten years late past, hath suffered much 
wrong upon ye account of a certain sallary engaged by ye inhabitants of ye said 
town to be paid unto him yearly for his labor, that a considerable part of his salary 
is unjustly withheld from him through ye defect of severall Inhabitants denying 
to pay their proportion levied by yearly rates though no privilege or advantage of 
my ministry hath been denyed to them. Vv'herefore your humble petitioner makes 
his application to your Excellency and Honorable Council for Relief and Redress 
as you shall see meet; not doubting of your Readiness to doe whatever shall appear 
to be Rationall and just; and cause it also to be done by others. But hoping that 
your Excellency together with your Honored Councill considering the circumstances 
of ye premisses will take the most effectuall care and order that what is due to 
your petitioner by contract and agreement for ye time past may be honestly payed 
and performed to him (without trouble and constraint by course ot Law which 
would be unpleasant and discommendable on all hands) your petitioner willingly 
submits to your pleasure therein being perswaded that your Excellency will not 
allow that after your petitioner hath (to his disadvantage) served a people ten 
years upon ye account of a firm contract he should be defrauded and deprived of 
a considerable part of his reward engaged, nor necessitated to desert his calling 
and the Colony to prevent ye like abuse which would unavoidably carry some reflec- 
tion upon those in whose power it is and remaines to prevent or redress such 

Your humble petitioner only requesteth further that if a considerable number of 
the congregationall profession and perswasion should be desirous that he would 
continue to be their minister and maintain him at their own cost and charge by 
a voluntary contribution your Excellency and the Honored Council would please to 
give approbation thereunto which we hope will neither be offensive nor prejudiciall 
to any person or persons under ye liberty granted by our gracious Soveraign: Your 
so doing will give encouragement unto us that are settled in this Province and an 
invitation to others or at least remove evill surmizals against ye Government which 
so many in ye Neighboring Colony are apt to entertain to the prejudice of his 
Majesty's interest in this Province. Thus craving ye heavens assistance and direc- 
tion to guide your consultations to ye glory of God and common good, your peti- 
tioner remaines at your service. 

1688. John Prudden. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 121, 122. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 961 

Ordee Appointing a Boaed of Teade and Dieecting the 
Peoclamation of King Wileiam and Queen Maet. 

At the Court at Whitehall, the 16th of February, 1688/9* (1689). 
Present — Tiie King's Most Excellent Majesty. 

His Eoyal Highness Prince George of Denmark 

Lord Privy Seal Lord V. Newport 

Duke of Norfolk Lord V. Lumley 

Marquis of Winchester Lord Bishop of London 

Lord Great Chamberlain Lord Montagu 

Lord Steward Lord Delamer 

Lord Chamberlain Lord Churchil 

Earl of Shrewsbury Mr. Bentinck 

Earl of Bedford Mr. Sidney 

Earl of Macklesfleld Sir Robert Howard 

Earl of Nottingham Sir Henry Capel 

Lord Viscount Fauconberg Mr. Russell 

Lord Viscount Mordant Mr. Speaker 

Mr. Hamden. 

It is this day ordered by His Majesty in Council that the Right Honorable the 
Lord President, The Lord Privy Seal, Lord Steward, Earl of Shrewsbury, Earl of 
Bath, Earl of Nottingham, Viscount Fauconberg, Viscount Mordant, Lord Bishop 
of London, Sir Henry Capel, Mr. Powle, and Mr. Russell, or any Three of them, 
bee and are hereby appointed a Committee of this Board for Trade and Foreign 
Plantations; And that their Lordshipps doe meet on Monday next, the 18th instant, 
at six of the clock in the evening in the Council Chamber, to prepare tTie Drafts of 
Proclamations for Proclaiming their Majesties in the several Plantations and for 
continuing all persons in their Employments and Offices till further order, and 
present them to this Board for His Majesty's approbation. — Col. Docs. N. T. 111. 

Eeom Chalmees^s Political Annals, 1688-9, on the Relation 
of the Revolution to the Colonies. 

" The Prince of Orange was no sooner requested to assume the direc- 
tion of affairs than he fixed his attention on the Colonies, for the happy state of 
which he professed a particular care. He was not ignorant that the late King in 
the midst of his anxieties had given them notice of the Intended Invasion from 
Holland; and he thought it prudent to communicate the best Intelligence of the 
event of it. He wrote circular letters to the various Governors; directing that all 
persons " not being papists ", lawfully holding offices civil or military shall con- 
tinue to execute them; requiring that justice be administered as formerly; and 
commanding all degrees of men to support their authority. But the characteristic 
reserve of that prince appears in this transaction extremely conspicuous: He did 
not mention the name of the late King (James II) lest he should admit his authority 
or recall the attention of men to the unfortunate, which generally solicits their 
pity: Nor did he direct the colonial governments to be administered in his own 
name, lest he should have assumed a power which did not yet belong to him. And 
by giving general directions he left the several governors to follow the dictates of 
their peculiar inclinations. As there was no demise, since there was yet no trans- 
mission of the Crown, they acted on that uncommon occasion, it should seem, in 
strict conformity to law, when they continued the administration of affairs In the 
name of the abdicated monarch, long after he had deserted the nation and ceased 
to be King ". 

— Coll. of N. Y. Hist. Soc. 1868, pp. 12, 13. 

* King James IL abdicated the Crown, on the 11th of December, 1688; at one 
o'clock in the morning of which day he quitted the Kingdom. King William HI, 
and Queen Mary II, accepted the Crown on the 13, February 1688/9, so that there 
was, in fact, an interregnum of two months, between the abdication of James II, 
and the accession of William and Mary. J. R. B. 




962 Ecclesiastical Records 

Address of the ]\Iilitia of Xew York to William and Mary. 

To their Most Sacred Majesties, William King and Mary Queen of England France 
and Ireland, etc. The humble address of the Militia and the Inhabitants of 
the City of New York in America. — 

Although wee your Majesties dutiful loyall and obedient subjects have not yet 
Received the honor to have your Majesties proclaimed amongst us, no shipps as 
yet being arrived to us from England to our great sorrow, yet wee having by way 
of Barbadoes, received the joyful news and undoubted satisfaction, that your 
Majestys being proclaimed King of England France and Ireland, we cannot for- 
bear to prostrate ourselves with all submission at your Royall feet, and to express 
our exceeding joy at your so happy accession to the crown of your Excellent Majes- 
ties; blessing the great God of heaven and earth who has pleased to make your 
Majesty so happy an instrument In our deliverance from Tyranny, popery and 
slavery, and to putt it into your Royall breasts to undertake so glorious a work 
towards the reestablishment and preservation of the true protestant Religion, 
liberty and property, had we though in so remote a part of the world, presumed 
to hope to be partakers of that blessing, we having also long groaned under the 
same oppression, having been governed of late, most part, by papists, who had in 
a most arbitrary way subverted our ancient priviledges making us In effect slaves 
to their will contrary to the laws of England; and this was chiefly effected by these 
who are known enemies to our Religion and liberty; yet we have witTi all humble- 
: ness submitted ourselves thereto, not doubting but the great God would In his own 
time send us deliverance, which we now see so happily effected by your Royal self, 
who with our most gracious Queen Mary we pray Almighty God long to bless, pros- 
per and continue over us. Now we your Majesties niost loyall subjects being not 
only encouraged but Invited by your Royall declaration at your first arrival In Eng- 
land, as alBoe since by the unanimous declaration of the Lords spiritual and tem- 
poral assembled at Westminster thought it our bounden duty to do our endeavour 
to preserve and secure ourselves, and to preserve our being betrayed to any for- 
raigne Ennemy, which we have done without any let or hindrance or any molesta- 
tion to any person by taking possession In your Majesties name of the fort in this 
city — ■ disarming some few papists therein and do keep and guard said fort against 
all your Majesties enemies whatsoever until such time your Majesty's Royal will 
shall be further known, wholly submitting ourselves to your Majesty's pleasure 
herein. Yet we had not presumed to have done this before we had your Majestyes 
Royal order, but that we were under most just fears and jealousies to have been 
betrayed to our enemy — Our late Governor Sir Edmund Andros executing a most 
arbitrary commission procured from the late King, most in command over us being 
bitter papists; our Lieut. Gov. Capt. Nicholson, although a pretended protestant, 
yet contrary both to his promises and pretences, countenancing the popish party, 
denying to exclude both Officers In the custom house and souldiers in the fort, 
being most Papists, contrary to the known laws of England, although he was often 
thereto solicited, and the Companies of our train-bands keeping guard in the said 
fort being threatened by the said Lieutenant Governor Captain Nicholson for acting 
nothing beyond their duty In the said fort of the said City and County, placing a 
sentinnell at a certain sally port in the said fort where he might justly suspect 
an enemy to enter, and at some other convenient place which required the same, 
which he refusing, entertaining secretly at the same time several souldiers wholly 
strangers to the Towne being some Irish into the Garrison and threatening our 
Serjeants and (one) of the officers* only upon reasonable application to him made 
to pistol them with unreasonable expressions to fire the towne about our eara or 
vrords to that effect, and of the rash hasty and furious expressions and threats 
against us for so acting, our duty civilly and with submission all of which for the 
preservation of our lives and estates, and in order to be able to defend ourselves 
against any forraigne or domestic ennemy, and for the preservation of our Religion, 
iiberty and property, we have been fain to do, and now do with all submission 
lay ourselves at the feet of your sacred Majestyes, humbly Imploring your Majestyes 

* Lieut. Hendrick Cuyler, of Captain De Peyster's company. — Doc. Hist. N. Y., 
8to., 11., 10, 11, 12. See post, p. 593. 

OF THE State of New York. 903 

favor and protection assuring your Majestyes our only design and intentions was 
to secure ourselves and country to be wtiolly devoted to your Majestyes will and 
pleasure In the disposing of our Government; to which we are ready with all Loy- 
alty and obedience to submit, and we shall always be petitioners to the throne of 
heaven that God would bless your Majestyes with a long and happy reign over us, 
and with a succeeding issue to sit on the throne of their ancestors whilst the world 
endureth.— Col. Docs. Is. Y. iii. 583, 584. 
Dated at New Yorii the day of June 1689. 

The Council of ISTew York to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 

New York, June 10, 1689. 

May It please your Lordship. By the Shipp Beaver John Corbet master who 
departed hence about the middle of May, wee gave your Lopp. an account of the 
deplorable state and condition of the Government as per the enclosed Copie may 
appear, since we have about five days past by Gazetts and some Letters and pas- 
sengers from Barbadoes and Boston, Received the certainty of the over joyfull and 
most happy News of the illustrious Prince and Princes of Orange being proclaimed 
King and Queen of England, etc. And were In dayly hopes to be so happy as to 
receive the suitable Orders for to observe the same solemnities here. But before 
we could be made partakers of those our happy desires, It is come to pass that by 
the meanes and ill contrivances of some disaffected and dangerous persons all 
manner of Government is totally overthrown here in like manner as to that of 
Boston, whereby the state of this Citty (who depends wholly on trade) is become 
very desperate, no person being safe either in Person or Estate which undoubtedly 
will cause its utter Ruin unless prevented by sending some sudden Relief, For on 
the 31st day of May last the Fort James was seized by the Rable whilst the Lieu- 
tenant Governor and Council with all the Civill Majestrates and Military officers 
except Captain Leislor were met at the City Hall to consult what might be advisable 
tending to the common safety of the place and allaying of all Uproar and Rebellion. 

Herewith we send your Lopp. the Minutes of the CouncIU here as also the 
Minutes of the Generall Assembly of the Councill, Mayor, Aldermen, Common 
Council and Military officers of this City, By the perusal whereof your Lopp. will 
be best informed of the particular past since the departure of said ship Beaver 
and therefore shall not intrude on your Lodps. patience in making a Rehearsall 
of said Particulars here. 

We cannot yet learn that hardly one person of sense and Estate within this City 
and Parts adjacent to countenance any of these ill and rash proceedings except 
some who are deluded and drawn in by me6r fear which do hope that a Generall 
Act of obHvion will salve all But it will be most certain In case no exemplary Pun- 
ishment be establisht that in future time, at every Act of the Government, not 
agreeing to the tempers of such ill-minded people, the same steps must be unavoid- 
ably expected. 

And since we are assured sufficiently that although Orders from his now Maty. 
should arrive for the continuing of the Persons formerly entrusted in the Govern- 
ment that no such orders would be obeyed. 

We have therefore thought it advisable that the Lieutenant Governor Captain 
Francis Nicholson doe depart by the first ship for England to render an account 
of the preseut deplorable state of affairs here, most humbly pray that his Majesty 
will be graciously pleased to afford this City and Province such speedy Relief as 
the present exigency and necessity requires. 

And to that end we humbly pray that your Lodp. will be pleased immediately 
upon ye Receipt hereof to take such due and speedy care that ye State and Con- 
dition of this City and Province and the Inhabitants thereof may be made known 
to our most Gracious Soveraignes, whose Illustrious Person God be pleased long to 
preserve, and whose Reigns may be ever prosperous and happy to the subduing of 
all Heresy and Popery which are the hearty and dayly prayers of us who remain. 
May it please your Lodps. 

Your Lodps. most humble servants, 

Fred Flypse St. Courtlandt N. Bayard. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 585, 686. 



964 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Ceetipicate of the Clergy oe New York in Favor of Messes. 
Cortland and Bayard. (Latin) 

1689, June 11. 

As a certificate of life, morals or religion is not to be refused to those demanding 
it, it is to be granted especially to those who are models of the orthodox religion. 
As the Honorable Messrs. Stephen Van Cortland, mayor of our city, and Col. 
Nicholas Bayard have so exhibited themselves to us. we could not deny their 
request, nor withhold such testimonial from men so well deserving of church and 
state. We therefore certify that they were born of Protestant parents, and that 
they were baptized and educated by them in the Reformed church and schools; 
frequented public worship, and bound and do daily bind themselres by the sacra- 
ment of the Eucharist to preserve and protect the true faith, which, it is notorious, 
they zealously made use of against the enemies of truth and for the establishment 
of the church; being meanwhile oftentimes promoted, and being still about to be 
advanced to the deaconship and government of the church, they filled the offices 
as well of deacons as of elders with consummate praise and approbation. They are 
moreover pious, candid and modest men; may they live many years, God willing, 
for the greater propagation of truth, and the increase of Christ's kingdom. 
Given at New York, in our consistory, the 11th day of June, 1689. 
In the name of the Synod (Assembly) 

Henricus Selyns, (L. S.) 
' , Bcclesiastes Neo-EIboracensis. 

J '- Joannes Kerfbye, Elder. 

Pieters Jacobs Marius, Elder. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y ill. 588. 

Abstract of Colonel Bayard's Journal. 

Abstract out of the Journal kept by Coll. Nicholas Bayard since the 11th of June 
Anno 1689. In New York. 

Anno 1689 June 11th. 

This Day the Lt. Governor departed from this Citty in order for his transpor- 
tation for England to complaine against the rebellious proceedings of Leiseler and 
some of the people his associatts. 

15th. A packet being arrived by Capt. Brokholst for the Lt. Governor, upon hoopes 
it conteined the proclamations to proclaim King William and Queen Mary, the 
Councel sent Thomas Berryman a purpose with said letter to the Lt. Governor, 
and desired if the said proclamation was sent to have it proclaimed with all speed. 

17th. Mr. Tudor and several English Marchants called me in at Neth. Buck- 
master's and told mee that Stoll with a file of muskettiers where sent to Long 
Island, as it was supposed to take in Wm. Nicolls, by reason (as it was alledged) 
that said Nicoll had said, before he would submit to such an arbitrary power as 
Leisler had taken uppon himselfe he would sooner pistoll him; whereupon George 
Burger came out of another roome and assaulted said Tudor, present my selfe and 
others ; — 

In the afternoon at the fireing of the gunns of the fort, I sent for and invited 
at my house Mr. Mayor, the Aldermen, Common Councell, and what troopers and 
loyall gentlemen and merchants could be found, who all came to be merry and 
rejoice in their Majesties most happy accession to the Throane of England, France 
and Ireland, with innumerable wishes of a long, prosperous and victorious relgne, 
etc. Where most part of the company continued till the Evening, when all parted 
to prevent any abuse from the rebbels. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 965 


23rd. I was informed tliat Mr. French with seTeral other English gentlemen 
being on the bridge, without any cause given where assaulted by Jacob Leiseler, 
who in a great passion, threatened to kaine him calling him all the Popish Doggs 
and Divells imaginable, and that he and ffourty popish more had been Yesterday 
mett caballing together at my house, etc.; threatening before a week was to an 
end he would secure them all or words to that effect, which occasioned several 
English Merchants and Gentlemen for safety of their lives to depart the City. 

This evening I told Mr. Mayor that since the King was proclaimed by the Soldiers, 
although without due order, yet it would be verry advisable to And out and publish 
the King's Proclamation, confirming all Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs, Collectors, 
etc. being Protestants, which printed Proclamation I was informed to be in fhe 
hands of Wm. Cox, one of the members chosen for the Committee of Safety. 

June ye 24th. This Morning Mr. Mayor himselfe and several other Gentlemen 
endeavoured to procure said Proclamation, which was denyed by said Wm. Cox, 
but att last had att Mrs. Thompson's Whereuppon the Court of Aldermen and 
Common Council where eonveaned and publication thereof made from the Citty 
Hall, as the Records will sett forth; Immediately after publication the Court sent 
for the members of the Council, and told Mr. Plowman in regard he was no 
protestant, that therefore he was not qualified to continue as Collector of the Rev- 
enue, and ordered to desist from acting therein till further order. 

25th. Att a convention of the members of the Councell, with the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Common Council, Mr. Plowman was sent for and dismist, and a resolve 
made that the Revenue be collected for the proper uses of their Majesties, by 
four Commissioners, viz., Poulus Richard, Jno. Haynes, Thomas Wauham and 
myselfe; and that a perfect account of the said revenue be kept, as also of the 
fees and perquisites of the Office and none to be disposed of, but collected and 
secured till the arrivall of the Governour or orders from England; Whereuppon 
the said Commissioners tooke the Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacy to their 
Majesties King William and Queen Mary, newly directed by Parliament. The 
above resolve and order of the Convention was immediately fixt up at the Custome 
House door and in the afternoone myselfe with the rest of the Commissioners 
mett at said Custome house in order to advise and settle the methods of manageing 
the Affaires of the Customes; Butt having been there about a halfe an hour in came 
Jacob Leiseler, Joost StoU, Jan Meyer, with about eighteen or twenty armed men 
(not of his but of Capt. Brown's Company) — said Leiseler demanded by whatt 
power of authority wee satt there; answer was made, by the only authority which 
their Majestyes King William and Queen Mary had in this Government which he 
could see by the order fixt at the doore; the same being read by him he declared 
that the Members of the Council Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council held no 
power or authority; that they, and wee also, where Roages, Rascalls, and Devills, 
etc.; that we had created ourselves, that I was Popish affected, and had endeavored 
not above eight days past with two hundred men to retake the fort, and challenged 
mee yett to do it; — demanded from us whether wee had taken the Oathes to their 
Majestyes King William and Queen Mary; wee answered that wee knew not of 
any authority hee had, if he had any would do well to produce it, and though wee 
were not bound to give him any account, yett we would tell them that wee had 
taken the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy to their said Majesties, and that he 
did very ill, and was like to answer it before his Majesty, for to disturbe the peace 
of his Majesties loyall Subjects, Item for endeavouring to subject His Majesties 
Government and for the destroying of the Revenue by Law established; But since 
we saw the sword ruled, that if he would but command us to depart the Custom 
House wee would submitt and forbeare acting any further, he answered no, but 
would take a copy of that pamphlet, concider on it, and see what he had to do 
with such roages and rascalls, etc. and soe departed. 

Immediately after his departure I tooke notice that the letter J. in the King's 
armes was not altered; wherefore wee forthwith sent the said armes and had 
said letter altered in a W. 

The Commissioners resolved not to act any further that day, till they had an 
answer from said Leiseler. 


966 Ecclesiastical Records 

About two houres after said Leiseler came at and in the Custome house, cursing 
and swearing calling the Commissioners all Roages, Villans and Divells. that they 
had sett downe under the armes of King James, that Popish Tiran. that he was 
sorry he had not scene it, otherwise he would have run us all thorow with the 
halbert: Mr. Wenham assured him civilly, that wee butt just come att the Cus- 
tome house, that wee had not as yett acted, only to have the letter in the King's 
armes altered; that itt was very strange said Leiseler was so forward to Isill us 
for no fault, since he and his people almost every day iett fly from the fort, and 
also did march under, the Coullers of the late King James, whose figures where to 
this verry hour still to be seen in said Coullers; Mr. Wenham desired further that 
he Leiseler would desist from raytlng and cursing, that he would be pleased to 
argue the case moderately and civilly, etc., butt said Leiseler tooke his liaine and 
threatened to strike him and all the rest of the Commissioners, by all possible 
meanes endeavouring to entice, exasperate and put his rabble on, (who all or the 
most parte where flld up in strong drinke) to fall upon the Commissioners, and so 
continue rayting and scolding for about three quarters of an hour, saying the order 
fixt up was a pamflet, and a scraule, that it was made in a meeting as Quakers 
meete and in a chimbny corner, that they assumed that power and created them- 
selves, that all of them were Roages and Villans, without any Authority. Where- 
upon Mr. Wenham demanded by what authority said Leisler came there to question 
the Commissioners; He answered his authority was by the choice of the people of 
his Company, to which answer was made, that where the King, and his Power, and 
Laws where in force no such choice and authority of the people was of any force 
or virtue: Yett since he came with swordes and staves and denyed any civill gov- 
ernment of his Majesty here, that wee still where reddy to submit if he would 
command us to depart; Whereupon Joost Stool laid violent hands on said Mr. 
Wenham, puld him by his neckcloath out of the Custome house into the streete, 
where he was beaten, bruised and wounded, and put in danger of his life; Some 
gentlemen Spectators, that spoke only a word in distaste of said cruelties, as Mr. 
Edward Taylor, Doctor Reed and others, where immediately assaulted by four 
or five of the rabble, on every one of them, and most barbarously treated and put 
to the utmost danger of being murdered: I and the rest of the Commissionera 
seeing the uproar increase, resolved to make our escape, but the first step I made 
out of the Custom House I was stopt and assaulted by said Leiseler, cursing and 
.-swearing that he would be the death of mee, sometimes threatening to run mee 
-thorow, to cudgel mee with his kaine, to run mee in the face, etc., and would not 
: suffer mee to pass the street in expectation (as all indifferent persons) that some 
•of his crue (who had promised him their assistance before they parted the fort) 
would have been so forward as to be the Executioner of his murderous and bloody 
designe, which at last was attempted by his Herault Joost Stool the Dromman, 
who run at mee with a drawne dagger, and gave one or more strokes at mee, and 
would undoubtedly have murdered mee, unless by providence prevented, and I by 
force of the spectators rescued in the next house, which house was thereuppon 
immediately assaulted by a multitude of armed men, striking and beating against 
the door, threatening by swords and fire armes to force open said doors, unless 
Mr. Lanoy would open it and expose mee to their cruelties; which occasioned mee 
to make my further escape, till I was safe from their bloody hands. 

In this ffurie his rabble cryed out verraet, verraet, or trayson, trayson, the roages 
with sixty men will kill Capt. Leiseler, and had the drum beaten alarm; Note that 
Trijn Jans the wife of Jan Joost was very active in this ffurie. 

June 26th. I resolved by reason of said bloody cruelties to depart for "England, 
and make my addresse to his Majesty for releife, and resolved to sffnd an expres 
to Dellawar on hopes to overtake a shipp that was uppon its departure. I sent 
also a letter to Mr. Mayor for severall papers needfull to that effect; the widow 
Peyster Mrs. "Van Bragh and severall others told my wife that the rabble of Leise- 
ler had sworne to have me alive or dead, and therefore advised mee to depart 
very suddanly; I was also informed that a shott was made at my negro John, 
whilst he was at his labor in my owne yard, but that the bullet mist him, and 
hitt against the stone wall, where itt was taken up and brought to my wife. 

Note. Not before this morning Leiseler had the letter J. in the King's armea 
standing before the fort altered in the letter W. 

OF THE State of IN'ew Yoek. 967 

♦ 1689 

Jacob Lelseler sent severall of the late Souldiers three times this very day to 
the house of Mr. Mayor, and advised and intised them to demand from him their 
pay as Souldiers, saying he has your money, and if denyed to strip his coate from 
his backe, and plunder his house, and if they wanted assistance when they had 
but begun the worlie, he would send them assistance out of the fort, as per affl- 
davy of the souldiers. 

Mr. Fredrick Philips, Mr. Mayor and other Gentlemen hearing that I was at my 
house, came and advised mee to depart for Albany or elsewhere to be redd from 
the rabble, who railed exceedingly in their drinck to do some mischeafe, where- 
uppon I resolved and departed this night for Albany with a boat of Mr. De Kaay; 

July ye 5th. This day wee arrived at Albany, where wee found most part of the 
Inhabitants inclined to peace and quietness, and to maintain their Civill Govern- 
ment till orders do arrive from their Majestyes. 

This is a true Coppy 

Attested by 
' N. Bayard. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 599-604. 

Stephen Van Cortlandt to Governor Andros. 

4 New York, July 9th, 1689. 

The 1st of March we received the news of the Prince of Orange landing in Eng- 
land, which we kept private at first, to hinder any tumult by divulging the same 
so suddenly and gave your Excell. a full account thereof, and, seeing that the news 
troubled the papists very much, we were Jealous of the money that was In Mr. 
Plowman's hand and ordered him to bring the same in a strong chest made on pur- 
pose into the fort being about eleven or twelve hundred pounds which was so done. 

April the 26th. We gott the surprizall news of Bostons Revolucons and the seaz- 
ing of your Excell. which occasioned a great consternation amongst us, and being 
but four In number of the (Council) It was resolved that the Mayor should call the 
Aldermen and Common Councell of the Citty together to acquaint them with this 
ill news, to advise together what best is to be done for his Majestyes service, and 
the quieting of the Inhabitants of this place in this dangerous conjuncture and 
troublesome time. • 

The Lieutenant Governor proposed to the gentlemen that it would be expedient 
for the more security of the fort that part of the Citty Militia keep and guard in the 
fort, which was thankfully accepted of and the 28th of April the inhabitants began- 
to watch In the fort. 

The 27th Major Baxter came from Albany desiring leave to withdraw himselfe 
for a while seeing the humours of the people, which was allowed off, and he went 
that very day to Neversincks by Coll. Dongan at the house of Capt. Bowne. 

Being at the Town hall one Hendrick Cuyler that had the watch in the fort with 
one half a Company complained that Capt. Nicholson would not suffer him to sett 
a sentinell att the Sally Port, and, when he told Capt. Nicholson of it, that he was 
threatened and his Corporall to be pistolled and that Capt. Nicholson would flre 
the Town, which Capt. Nicholson denying said that comeing in the fort last night 
about ten or eleven o'clock the Serjeant of the fort told him that the Corporall of 
the City would have placed a Sentry at the Sally Port but that he would not 
suffer it without his Order, upon which Capt. Nicholson sent for Henry Cuyier 
who took along with him his Corporall to be his Interpreter. Comeing in Capt. 
Nicholson's roome the Captaine being most undrest bid his men goe out and said 
to Henry Cuyler, Who is Commander in the fort, you or I? Why do you place a 

968 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Sentry without my leave? Henry Cuyler answered, it's my Captain's orders, 
Upon whicli Capt. Nicliolson fell in a passion, and said, (as it is reported) I rather 
would see the Towne on fire than to be commanded by you. Then Henry Cuyler 
called his Corporall to come in (as he saith) to speak for him, who comeing in with 
his sword over his left arm just before Capt. Nicholson who was unlaceing his 
stockings and looked up seeing a tall strong man with his sword in his hand, said 
to him Who called you here? Be gone. The man going backward about two or 
three yards stood still and looked upon Capt. Nicholson, who said, Goe out of my 
room, or I'll pistoll you, and went to the wall, took his pistoll and followed the 
man to the door, who went out the roome down stairs to the guard and spoke not 
a word. Being a very civill man, this bred such a noise and jealousy all that night 
and especially next morning through the Towne that all what wee could say would 
not satisfy them. This occasioned high words in Court and made Capt. Nicholson 
say to Henry Cuyler, Goe fetch your Commicon, I discharge you from being Lieut, 
any more. Mr. Abram De Peyster who is Capt. of said Cuyler speaking something 
in this matter fell out with the Lieut. Governor also And went with his Brother his 
Ensigne in an anger from the Towne Hall. We seeing what ill this might produce 
sent for De Peyster back but he would not come till late at night; in meane time 
we heard the drums beat and the Towne full of noise, and seeing the people rise 
and run together in armes Mr. Phillips and I went to Jacob Leisler's door where 
the people met and endeavored to allay them but in vain, they marched to the fort 
where Henry Cuyler received them, in one half hour's time the fort was full of men 
armed and inraged, no word could be heard but they were sold, betrayed and to be 
murdered, it was time to look for themselves. I went back to the Town Hall where 
all the Magistrates were, the Military offlcers I saw most in the fort. In a little 
while after in comes William Churchill with about twenty armed men, and a crowd 
of people in William llerritt's house up the room where all the Magistrates were, 
demanding the keys of the fort, etc.. Saying We will and shall have the same by 

The 24th Mr. William Merritt brought me a printed Proclamation from their 
Matyes., dated the 14th of February 1688/9 confirming all persons (being Protestants) 
who upon the first day of December last past were in the Oflices of Sheriffes, Jus- 
tices, Collectors, etc. to be continued etc. Having this Proclamation I sent for the 
Aldermen and Common Councell at the Towne Hall and there Resolved to publish 
said Proclamation, charging and commanding all people concerned to take notice 
thereof. , ■ 

Upon this Order the said four Gentlemen went to the Custome house to look 
after his Majesty's interest accordingly, but having been there a little time in comes 
Leyslaer with armed men, pulls them out of the Custome House, several cutting 
at Coll. Bayard but the croud being so thick cutt only his hat and he escaped into 
the house of Peter De La Noy where he was all that night. They watched the 
bouse and swore they would kill him. Afterwards he gott out the house. They 
searcht for him, but he went to Albany, where he is now. 

Leyslaer hath put Peter De La Noy in the Custome House and he gives the passes 
signed (" Capt. appointed to secure the fort at New Yorke on behalf e of King 
William and Queen Mary?") 

They have appointed a Committee of Safety, viz., two out of the Citty Peter 
De La Noy and Samuel Edsall, two of Brouckland, two of Flatbush, two of Flush- 
ing, two of Newtoun, two of Staten Island, two of Essex in New Jersey, two out 
of Beopus and two of West Chester, the rest of the Towns will not meddle 
themselves. : 

Tour Bscell. most humble servant, 

S. V. Cortlandt. 
— Col. Docs. N. T. iii. 590-597. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 969 

Synod of ISTokth Holland, at ITooen. 

1689, July 26 et seq. 
Article 14. 

Extract from a letter from Eev. Henricus Selyns of ISTew York, 
dated October 10, 1688, to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

He had duly received a letter of ^N^ovember 13, 1687, and re- 
quests that correspondence with the churches of that region may 
be kept up. 

He makes known the flourishing condition of his church. Sir 
Edmund Andros had again become Governor there; and although 
he belonged to the English Church, he nevertheless frequented 
the Dutch and Erench services, there. 

Labadism and Quakerism were gradually decreasing; a leader 
of the same (Tellenaer) had become Justice of the Peace. 

He complains, however, particularly of the increasing godles*- 

The ministers in all that region were prospering, although Rev. 
Schaets, now eighty years old, was failing fast. 

The Erench churches were growing daily on account of the 
arrival of Erench refugees. 

At ISTew Kastle the Erench minister had died. (Caspar Car- 

It ended with a salutation. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Rudolphus Varick, of Long 
Island in ^ew ISTetherland, of September 30, 1688. 

He states that he had received ours of April 14, 1688, and 
has learned therefrom with joy of the quietness of the church 
of JSTew JSTetherland. 

He relates that he lives at peace with his congregation, which 
was tolerably well regulated (or, pretty regular in attendance) 
and increased daily. 

Some of the few sectaries there had come over to them, namely, 
from the Papacy and from Lutheranism; there was also hope 
that more will follow this example. 


970 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

The Quaker, Jacob Tellenaer, has not preached for a long time 
now, and no longer tries to seduce any one. 

He still conducted services at Hackensack. 

There were also two other places where he preached twice a 
year and administered the sacraments. On that Island there 
were eight English preachers. They lived in excellent harmony, 
although there were among them Episcopals, Presbyterians and 

The French church increased daily by the arrival of many 
from the Carolinas, the Caribbean Islands, and Europe. 

He and Rev. Selyns had been invited to preach, alternately, 

on the South River. There were there . This offer 

he expected they would accept. The churches of all nationalities 
dwelt together in peace. 

Mr. Andros had arrived as Governor for the second time. He 
speaks Dutch, and is attached to the Dutch Church (favors it.) 

William III. to LiEUTES"AifT Goverjstor ISTiCHOLsoisr. 

1659, July 30. 
William R. 

Trusty and wellbeloved, We Greet you well; whereas we have been given to under- 
stand by Letters from you and others, the principal Inhabitants of our Province of 
New York, of your dutifuU submission to our Royall pleasure, and readiness to 
receive from us such Orders as we should think requisite for settling the Peace 
and good Government of our Province of New York: Wee have thought fltt hereby 
to signify unto you that wee are taking such Resolution concerning the same as 
may tend to the welfare of our subjects inhabiting there; and in the meantime, 
We doe hereby authorize and Impower you to take upon you the Government of 
the said Province, Calling to your assistance in ye administration thereof the Prin- 
cipal Freeholders and Inhabitants of the same or so many of them as you shall 
think fitt: Willing and requiring you to do and perform all things which to the 
place and office of our Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of our 
Province of New York, doth or may appertain, as you shall find necessary for our 
service and the good Government of our subjects, according to the Laws and Cus- 
tomes of our said Province untill further order from ns; and so we bid you fare>- 
well. Given at our Court at Whithall the 30th day of July 16S9 in the first year of 
our Reign. 

By his Majesty's Command, 


To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Francis 
Nicholson Esq., our Lieutenant Governor 
and Commander in Chief of our Province 
of New York in America: and in his ab- 
sence, to such as for the time being take 
care for Preserving the Peace and admin- 
istering the Lawes in our said Province of 
New York in America. (This was Leisler.) 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 606. 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 971 


Stephen Vak Coktlandt to Captaust jSTiCHOLSoisr. 

August 5th, 1689. 

Sir. — Since your departure Mr. Layster etc: proclaimed their Majesties on the 
17th day of June ofE which I gave your Honor an account by Mr. Mackinzie, the 
19th. The people being much against papists being in office Mr. Philips, Coll. Bay- 
ard, the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Councell to put Mr. Plowman out and Coll. 
Bayard, Paul Richards, John Haines and Thomas (Wenham) in the Custom house 
to secure and receive all their Majesties revenues and as they were a sitting in 
the Custom house, Capt. Layster came with several armed men and turned them 
out in a violent manner. Coll. Bayard narrowly escaping having two cutts in his 
hatt soe that he was forced to fly for Albany where he is now still — They forth- 
with put Peter de la Noy and George Brewster in the Custom house who clearee 
the ships, and that Captaine that hath the guard in the fort signes the passes. 
But since that time they have appointed a committy of safety out of several coun- 
ties, many towns in the counties being against it and other counties unwilling to 
joine with them, as Albany, Ulster, Suffolk and most all New Yarsay. This Com- 
mitty hath appointed Capt. Layster to be the commander off the fort, who now 
signes all the passes for the vessels. The chest of money they have opened to 
pay their chai'ges. He hath raised a new company of souldiers of about fifty men. 

All letters are taken upp and opened, some letters that were sent to you from 
Baston and Burmudas, they have in the fort, their Committy called Mr. Plowman 
in the Fort who as a madman, gave them an account of the money in the Fort, 
uppon which they opened it and called me alsoo, to an account for the taxed money, 
I told them it was Mr. Plowman that was to give an account for he had it in his 
hands, but they said I was to pay it againe for it was unlawfully raised, and if I 
will not returne it they will fetch it — -I answered if they had lawful power I 
should be ready to obey, their Majesties orders and none other. They threthne 
me every day soe that I was ones resolved to absent myselfe alsoo, but have kept 
myselfe home till now for I am intended to go up to Albany for fourteen days or 
three weeks In hopes that in meane time orders will come. Their threats, inso- 
lencies, abuses, falsities and lyes unlawfull actings and mischeeffs are soe many 
and unsufferable that if noe speedy relect (relief) and orders doe come from Eng- 
land many of the inhabitants will leave the citty and goe to live in the country, 
for fear of life and estate, for they imprison whom they please, and take out of 
prison those that are there for debt, they take peoples goods out of their houses 
and if hindered by Justices of the Peace, they come with great numbers and 
fetch it out of the Justices house by forse, and doe what they please, soe that 
their Captalnes can no more rule them — It troubles them that they did not put 
you in prison and seized upon your papers, there they would have found the reason, 
for you are a papist and soe is Dr. Innes and have severall witnesses as they say 
against you both — Sir, if I should write you all their particular actions time and 
paper would faile. 

Your real friend and most humble servant, 

S. V. Cortlandt. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 609, 610. 

Colonel Bayard to Captain Kicholson. 

New York (Albany?) August 5, 1689. 
Honnored Sir. 

Since the enclosed of the 23rd of July I had severall letters from my friends in 
New Yorke — acquainting mee of their continuing trouble and dangers, whereof the 
particulars undoubtedly will be sent yourselfe by Mr. Mayor as I had desired him. 
Itt is greatly feared if no sudden orders or releefe arrives from His Majesty that 


972 Ecclesiastical Records 

some great mischeefe will befall, for the abuses and threatnings of Leiseler and his 
rabble encrease daily to imprison, plunder and massacre those who will not acquies, 
although they do submit to their illegal proceedings, wherefore I hope it will please 
God to send some speedy deliverance. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 611. 

Captain McKenzie to Captain Xicholson. 

August 15, 1689. 
Honoured Sir:— Since your honours departure Mr. Cortlandt and Mr. Levingston 
I know sends you an exact account of all that has passed. The former went to 
Albany about sis days ago from whence I returned about two days after he was 
gone, during which small time I shall give you the best account I can of what has 
happened. , 

After reading of it Mr. Leiseler said he wondered what wrong he had done me 
that I should write so of him to wrong his credit, that if he knew he had done me 
any wrong he would beg my pardon for it upon his knees, I answered if I did him 
wrong I would beg his, but I told him I was provoked first by his calling me a 
Papist for so I was told; he answered it was a very great lye for he had never said 
so, after a little pause he put on a more angry look, and said he knew I was 
Popishly affected, I answered that is not true, I am as much a protestant as you 
or any man in the Country; why, says he, have not I heard you call Father Smith 
a very good man, yes replyed I, and so I do still he is a very good humoured man, 
but I never called him so because he was a Papist, and I was so far from haveing 
any friendship for his principles, that in all the six yeares I had known New York 
I never so much as out of curiosity looked into their Chappell. He told me I kept 
with Dr. Innes I went to hear him and prayed with him and that he was a Papist, 
I replyed that is not true, he then told me that one had sworne it, I told him I 
will not believe it if ten of them should sweare it. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 612, 613. 

Captain Leislek to King William and Queen Mary. 

August 20, 1689. 
May it please your Majesties. I humbly beg leave to your Majesties with pos- 
fiible respect by the express barer Joost Stoll the Ensigne of your Majesties fort, 
that the advice of Sir Edmund Andros confinement at Boston has caused here sev- 
eral meetings, where I have assisted in quality as one of the five Captains of the 
Militia, where the Lieutenant Governor of the fort Capt. Nicholson has proposed 
several propositions which had but a show for the best of your Majesties Colony, 
while his violent caridge has discovered his malicious designe, whereof the par- 
ticulars should be too long, which has moved severall inhabitants to secure the 
fort to be preserved for your Majesties, and to prevent, that with the great gunns 
he should not fire the towne as he intended, the fort so seased without violence 
nor blodshed has been preserved for one month, by the said Captains by turns, 
having received the day of my watch the happy proclamation of your Majesties 
to be King and Queen of England, France and Ireland etc. (from Conecticot:) I 
have immediately proceeded to the proclaiming, which was solemnly effected the 
22nd of June when we had miraculous deliverance of a fyre which had been ken- 
deled in three severall places upon the Terret of the Church in the fort six thousand 
pounds of powder being next under the same roof and suspected to be done by one 
Papist who had been there before and was discovered by one Neger, and fort, city, 
and the people were trew God's mercy miraculously saved of that hellish designe, 
the committees of the nabouring counties and of this city with all the Captains 
being mett to advise, and order all things necessary to resist the Ennemy, and to 
conserve this fort, City, land and Protestant Religion, they have thought necessary, 
to elect one of the Captains to command in the fort till your Majesties order, and 
they have thought me faithfull and able of that charge which I have exerced from 
the first of July last, to discharge worthely and to the satisfaction of your Majes- 

OF THE State of ISTew York, 973 

ties; I have made one inventory of all things therein, and having perceived the 
miserable state thereof, I have caused to mend. 

Coll. Bayard who has absented himself from this city since five or sis weeks, 
and is at Albany where the Mayor Cortlandt is gone to meet him since some 
days — no doubt but to confer with more liberty, having both been councellors to 
Capt. Nicholson and aploded to all his propositions, but I watch no less upon their 
conduct, as to them and severall other peculiar persons, who under the aparance 
of the functions of the Protestant Religion, remain still affected to the Papist, 
which are here in greater number than in whole New England. 

Mr. Ennis (Innes) the late English Minister lately departed from fhis place with 
testimony of the Dutch and French Minister has since been known to be of opinion 
contrary to our religion, whereof I have testimony in good forme. — Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iii. 614-616. 

Mr. Tuder to Captain IsTicholson. 

August 1689. 

On Saturday June the 22nd Mr. Leisler proclaimed King William and Queen 
Mary haveing gott a printed proclamation from Major Gould and Captain Fitz 
who came from Connecticutt for that purpose, but proclaimed in the most meanest 
manner as you can imagine. After they had proclaimed him against the Forte, 
the Captain sent downe to the Mayor and Aldermen and demanded them to pro- 
claime their Majesties at the citty hall, who returned their answer, that they were 
very ready to proclaime the King and Queen upon the first orders they should 
receave f®r the same, and that if they had any orders to do it they were ready to 
attend them at the Citty Hall according to former Cutome; 

Munday the 24th June the Mayor and Aldermen haveing by them their Majesties 
proclamation to continue all Ofiicers that were not Papists proclaimed the same at 
the State House, which affronted the Captains and their gang very much. 

Tewsday the 25th Mr. Plowman being a Papist was by Mr. Phillips Mr. Bayerd 
and the Mayor and Aldermen dismist from the custom house. And Coll. Bayard, 
Mr. Haynes, Paulus Richards and Mr. Wenham was appointed Commissioners to 
take care of his Majesties Customs, which soe much affronted the other party that 
they came with forse and armes, and puld them out by the haire of their heads, 
cutting and slashing at Coll. Bayard, that he was hard put to it to escape with 
his life; ever since which he was forsed to goe away privately to Albany and there 

Mrs. Bayard desired me to acquaint you that her husband had writt at large to 
the Secretary of State from Albany, but the letter is strangely miscarryed, and the 
ship being ready to saile, cannot give an account of it, whereby he might write 

Our present Government here is by a Committee of safety, as they terme them- 
selves, in which I may bouldly say, is not two men of sence, De la noy and Edsell 
being the two Chief some towns have chosen and sent men in, but others refuse; 
In shorte the greatest Olleverians that were in the Government are made Com- 
mittee men. who govern and rule at soe strainge a rate, that I am not able to 
express it. denying all power but their owne, putting in and turneing out the 
Militia Officers at pleasure, some of them openly saying there had been no legall 
King in England since Ollivers days, imprisoning persons at their pleasure in the 
fort.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 616, 617. 


974 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies axd their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. Henry Seljns, Aug. 22, 1689. 
xxvii. 203. Eef erred to xxi. 313. 

Eeverend, Godly and Highly Learned Sir, and Brother: — 

We safely received your letter of October 10th 1688. We re- 
joice to learn therefrom of your health, which we hope still con- 
tinues. May it long continue, to the best interests of God's 
church. We notice also with no less satisfaction what you write 
of the prosperity of God's church, entrusted to you and your 
worthy colleagues in those distant countries. May Almighty God 
grant you all long continued health and all necessary strength to 
enable you to care for his work unto the growth of his kingdom. 
We trust that the arrival of that new Governor Sir Edmund 
Andros, to whom you so respectfully refer, may be most service- 
able to that end, as well as to the diminution of divers fanatical 
spirits. Unless such are restrained, they are wont, through 
specious deeds, greatly to hinder the course of the Gospel. We 
also further hope that through your diligent labors, that eager 
pursuit of sin to which you refer, and which arouses the righteous 
wrath of the Most High, may be checked, and that the Almighty 
may be reconciled to the people for Christ's sake. 

Concerning ourselves in this land, we have abundant reason 
to thank the Almighty for his undeserved grace. For in the past 
year, we saw dark clouds rising against Protestantism in Europe 
through the powerful conspiracy of the Kings of France and 
England (Louis XIY and James II.) At the time of your last 
writing to us, we were in good hope of being exempted from the 
coming storm, yet we were not without airxiety and fear. God 
be thanked who has caused it all to result for the best; for he 
blessed the effort of the Prince of Orange, who is now the King of 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 975 

England, (William III.) The particulars of the whole matter are 
doubtless fully known to you through the newspapers of England 
and of these regions. 

We believe that you and the entire church in America will 
gladly unite with us in thanksgiving to God, in the expectation 
that great results of good may flow to our common Church from 
these peculiar blessings of God. And since the greater part of 
Europe is at present in arms against the usurpations of France; 
and since we have in the K"etherlands held a day of thanksgiving, 
fasting and prayer for the divine blessing upon these important 
events; we therefore also request you to unite your prayers with 
ours for the general welfare of Zion. 

In addition, we may say that the members of this our Assem- 
bly, as it is now constituted, are prospering in their work: thanks 
be to God. But it has pleased God to take to himself out of 
this world some of those formerly known to you. For in a little 
more than a year the Eevs. Eulaeus, Rhjmsdyck, Klerck, Coenen 
and Poppius have all died. Their places have been filled with 
able men, excepting that the appointment of Nieuwenhuysen has 
been nullified, because that appointment has again been brought 
under the province of Uytrecht. We close by commending your- 
self and family, and especially your church, to the protection of 
God, and remain, 

Your affectionate and obedient brethren. In the name of the 
Classical Assembly within Amsterdam, 

Gerbrandus Yan Leeuwen, Praeses Coll. 

Deput. ad res Exteras. 
Johannes Schoonhoven, Scriba Coll. Deput. 

ad res Exteras. 
Gulielmus Anselaar, Deput. ad res Exteras. 
Arnoldus Hellius, ditto. 


976 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspoistdence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. Eudolpliiis Varig, August 22, 
1689. xxvii. 204. Keferred to, xsi. 313, 325. 

Amsterdam, Aug. 22, 1689. 

To Eev. Eudolpims Varig (Varick) on Long Island. 

Eeverend, Godlj, Very Learned Sir and Brother: — 

We safely received your letter of September last, 1688, and 
learned therefrom with pleasure not only concerning your good 
health, but also of the welfare of your church. We notice that 
your congTegation is continually increasing, and that sectaries 
and fanatical spirits are decreasing. Since the care of the churches 
at Hakkingsack and on the South Eiver, (jSTew Amstel), and also 
in two other places, is commended to you, it is our hearty wish 
that God Almighty will increase your strength with the increase 
of the burden, so that all these churches under your ministry 
may also increase; and not only in numbers, but also in faith 
and in the power of true godliness. And we wish the same 
blessing, none the less, to the other churches, German, English 
and French, all of which we observe, thanks be to God, are in 
good condition, under the government of a well disposed gentle- 
man, Sir Edmund Andros. We could not omit, in this present 
letter, to express our joy at the prosperity of the churches in 
your countries; and especially since they strive to maintain a good 
correspondence with us. Therefore we proffer our good offices 
in this land, to do anything in our power for the benefit of the 
l!»retherland churches in your land. We must also add in refer- 
ence to the welfare of the churches in this land that we have 
great reason to be thankful to God. For although we are in- 
volved in a war with a powerful enemy, yet you are aware from 
the reports which have doubtless reached you from time to time 
from Holland and from England, that the successful marches of 
the Prince of Orange (William III) and his advancement to the 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoke. 977 

crown of England, have given all the Protestant Clmrclies of 
Europe a cheerful countenance. "We have recently, on a day 
solemnly set apart for the purpose, renewed our thanksgivings 
to God for these events, and have prayed for the divine blessing 
upon the arms both of our Fatherland and the allies. We desire 
that you also add your prayers to ours. Finally, we commend 
you to God and the word of his grace, and remain, 
Reverend Sir and Brother, 

Your obedient and affectionate brethren of the Classis of 
Amsterdam. In her name, 

Gerbrandus Van Leeuwen, 

Coll. Deput. ad res Exteras, Praeses. 
Johannes Schoonhoven, 

Scriba, Coll. Deput. 
Guiliemius Auslaer, 

Deput. ad res Exteras. 
Arnoldius Hellius, 

Deput. ad res Exteras. 

Extract of CoLoisrEL Bayard's Letter, Dated Albany, 23rd 
September, 1689. 

New Jersey, Esopus and Albany with severall of the Townes on Long Island 
would never concur or approve of Leyslaers Rebellion although severall factious 
and seditious poor people are amongst them who could flnde no leader and now 
since the falsities and unwarrantable proceedings of Leyslaer are daily discovered 
and they begin to see the danger, it is the opinion of several that although a Gov- 
ernour should not arrive in some short time, yett the Rebells now would suddainly 
fall of themselves. 

Milbourne* arriving at New Yorke from Holland it was reported, that the late 
King James had sold his country to the French, and because Governor Dongan 
would not be such an ill person as to deliver it he was removed and Andros put in 
his place who with me and some others had undertalien to surrender it unto their 
power, but this lye as all the rest having no root suddainly vanished so they are 
daily inventing new ones to keep up the people in their madness but it will not 

Father Millett was the priest who invited the Synekes Indians to the French 
fort at Cataraque, where being very merry the French made them prisoners, and 
sent about twenty seven of the Chiefe of them in Irons to France. The reason 
why the poor distressed French cry out in their torments against the present Gov- 
ernor Marquis de Nonville, by whose order they were sent to the French King as 
chiefe men taken in warr. — Col. Does. N. Y. iii. 620, 621. 

* Millburne the same who occasioned so much trouble to Sir Edmund Andros 
at New Yorke and in London brother to Milburn the Anabaptist preacher the 
great ringleader of the Rebellion with us. 



978 Ecclesiastical Records 

Colonel Batakd's Order to Captains De Peysteb and Db 


Oct. 20, 1689. 

To Captain Abram de Pejster and Captain Jolin de Bruvn Com- 
manders of two respective companies of tlie Train Bands in 
ISTew York to be comnmnicated to the rest of the Commis- 
sion Officers. 

Gentlemen. Whereas Jacob Leisler and some of bis associates 
have in a most hostile and illegal manner, invaded their Majesties 
fort at ISTew York, and withall unhinged and subverted all man- 
ners of Government by law Established within the Citty of 'New 
York and some parts adjacent, not having the least shadow of 
authority from our Gracious Sovereignes Elng "William and Queen 
Mary soe to doe ; I therefore concidering the obligation lying upon 
mee by the severall commissions, as being one of the councill of 
this their Majesties dominion, and Colonel of the Regiment of the 
Train Bands in New York both from the Crowne of England, 
neither of which (notwithstanding the said invasion insurrection 
or other troubles): was any ways vacated or superceeded, I find 
it to be my present duty to the Crowne of England, and do 
hereby strictly require and command you and each of you, that 
you upon immediate sight hereof desist from any wayes councel- 
ling aiding assisting or abetting the illegall proceedings of the 
said Jacob Leisler and his associates; and not to suffer any of 
the soldiers under your command to be made use of or employed 
upon any service whatsoever of the said Leisler either in the 
said fort or elsewhere as being the most pernicious, dangerous, 
and contrary to the peace of our Sovereign Lord and Lady King 
William and Queen Mary their Cro"\^Ti and dignity — but that 
you come and each of you together with the Soldiers under your 
command: (as in duty bound:) do give all obedience to the law- 
full commands of the civill government established by law and 
in particular to those of the Justices of the Peace commissionated 
by the Governor Sir Edmund Andros, by vertue of letters pat- 

OF THE State of Xew York:. 9Y9 

tent from the Crown of England as being our supream power 
whicli said commissioners I find and doe averre to be in full force ; 
notwithstanding the imprisonment: (yea death:) of any Governor 
that granted the same, he being only an inferior officer of the 
Crowne and the Commissions being maters of record; and there- 
fore you shall faithfully performe their said lawfull commands 
as feare it shall bee in the power soo to doe, and at all times 
bear good faith and allegiance to their sacred Majesties as you 
will answer the contrary at your perills — Given under my hand 
and seale att Albany this 20th of October in the first year 
of the reigne of our Sovereigne Lord and Lady King William and 
Queen Mary A. Do. 1689. 

]Sr. Bayard. 

Draft of a Commission for He^stry Sloughter, Esquire, to be 
Governor of Xew York, ain'd Order ik^ Coukcil There- 

1689, Nov. 14. 

William and Mary by the grace of God King and Queen of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland Defenders of the Faith etc. 

And we do hereby give and grant unto you full power and authority with the 
advice and consent of our said Council from time to time as need shall require, to 
summon and call general Assemblies of the Inhabitants being Freeholders within 
your Government, according to the usage of our other Plantations in America. 

And our will and pleasure Is, that the persons thereupon duely elected by the 
Major part of the Freeholders of the respective countys and places and so returned 
and having before their sitting taken the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament 
to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and the Test, 
which you shall commisslonate fit persons under our seal of New York to admin- 
ister, and without taking which, none shall be capable of sitting though elected, 
shall be called and held the General Assembly of that our Province and the Terri- 
tories thereunto belonging. 

And that you the said Henry Sloughter by and with the consent of our said 
Council and Assembly or the major part of them, respectively have full power and 
authority to make constitute and ordaine Laws Statutes and ordinances for ye 
publlque Peace, welfare and good Government of our said Province and of the 
people and Inhabitants thereof and such others as shall resort thereto and for 
the benefit of us our Heirs and Successors. 

Which said Laws Statutes and Ordinances are to be (as near as may be) agreeable 
unto the Lawes and Statutes of this our kingdome of England. 

Provided that all such Laws, Statutes and Ordinances of what nature or Duration 
soever be within three months or sooner after the making thereof, transmitted 
unto us under our seal of New York for our Approbation or Disallowance of the 
same, as also Duplicates thereof by the nest conveyance. 

And in case any or all of them being not before confirmed by us shall at any 
time be disallowed and not approved, and so signified by Us our Heires and Succes- 
sors, under our or their sign Manual and signet or by order of our or their privy 


980 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

CouEcil unto you the said Henry Sloughter or to the Commander in Chief of the 
said Province for ye time being, then such and so many of them as shall be soe 
disallowed and not approved shall from thenceforth cease determine and become 
utterly voyd and of none effect, anything to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. 

And to the end nothing may be passed or done by our said Councill or Assembly 
to the prejudice of us, our Heirs and Successors, We will and ordaine that you the 
said Henry Sloughter, shall have and enjoy a negative voice in the making and 
passing of all Laws, Statutes and ordinances as aforesaid. 

And that you shall and may likewise from time to time as you shall judge it 
necessary Adjourn Prorogue and Dissolve all General Assemblies as aforesaid. 

And we do further give and grant unto you the said Henry Sloughter full power 
and authority from time to time and at all time hereafter by your self or by any 
other to be authorized by you in that behalf, to administer and give the oaths 
appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of the Oath of allegiance and 
supremacy, to all and every such person or persons as you shall think fit who shall 
at any time or times pass into the said Province or shall be resident or abiding: 

And we do by these presents further authorize and impower you to colate any 
person or persons in any Churches, Chappels, or other Ecclesiastical benefits within 
our said Province and Territories aforesaid as often as any of them shall happen 
to be void. 

And we do by these Presents, Will, Require and command you to take all possible 
care, for the discountenance of vice and encouragement of vertue and good living 
that by such Example the Infidels may be invited and desire to partake of the 
Christian Religion.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 623, 624, 625, 628. 

Leisles Sent Eistsig^st Joost Stol to Englaistd, as the Repre- 
sentative OF THE Committee of Safety of ]^ew York. 

1689, Nov. 16. 

His mission was supplimental to the " Address of the Militia of New York to 
William and Mary " of June, 1689. (Col. Docs. iii. 583.) StoU presented nine 
documents in defence of Leisler's conduct, and for information, a list of which la 

No. 4. An affldavid in writeinge werein deponents are Peter Godfi-ey and Henry 
Carmer concerning the person and behaviour of the (Episcopal) Minister Alexander 
Enis (Innis) by outward pretence a Protestant but in effect a meere papist, who 
deceitfully has provided him with a certificate of the Ministers of the Dutch and 
French Church as if he was a true Protestant. 

By examination of all the aforementioned (nine) papers Your Lordship will see 
in what, a burden of bondage the inhabitants of New Yorke, hitherto have been, 
by the wicked directions of ill governours and Ministers as Captain Nicholson and 
their like persons, and how we by help of Almighty God are thereof delivered, 
which happiness would not long continue, if so bee they doe not become a further 
settlement in the Government, Therefore wee humbly pray, and conclude and 
desire your Lordshippe will be pleased to take into a serious consideration the 
present state of that countrey, the necessity of their further settlement, and 
empowering them with such means, as really may serve to the safety of that coun- 
trey under the supreme Government of this Kingdom of England, against all their in 
and outward ennemies, which happily may be confirmed, by obtaineing through 
Your Lordships favour and juste reporte of His Majestic to bee allowed and 
granted to them those following Articles. 

OF THE State of IsTew Yokk. 981 

Seven requests are then made of their Majesties, as follows: 

1. The approbation of Leisler's acts. 

2. A charter for New York City, similar to that of Boston. 

3. That the Government of Polity and Court of Justice, Major and Sheriffs, Alder- 
men and Justices of the Peace and Ecclesiastical persons and Government may bee 
so altered and regulated with Loyall and faithfull persons fit for Government, and 
heartily well affected to our Souveraignes King William and Queen Mary. 

4. Careful examination of the Governor appointed or to be appointed, in refer- 
ence to his disposition toward William and Mary. 

5. That Canada should be seized from the French. 

e. That New York may be provided with a Commission, of executing power 
against all Rebells, Papists, and disaffected persons, and opposers against our 
Soveralgne Lord and Lady King William and Queen Mary and theire blessed Gov- 
ernment to reduce them by faire and just means, to obedience and loyallty. 

7. An earnest examination in the whole business of affairs in New York. — Col. 
DociB. N, Y. iii. 629-6S2. 

Account of Ensign Stol's Pkoceedings. 

1689, Nov. 16. 

A true account of the particular proceedings, acts and venturing of life and for- 
tune of Joost Stoll, Inhabitant and citizen of New Yorke 

deputed Commissioner for London, for to give a true account 

of the revolution as has been there and the reducement thereof to theire said sacred 

Majesties obedience for securing true protestant Keligion and 

welfare, has engaged him against all the ill designs and maginations especially of 
the persons of the late Lieut. Governor Capt. Nicholson a meere oppressor of that 
nation and a certain and undoubted ennemy, to their sacred Majesties William and 

Secondly: And for to make lawfull and orderly proceedings thereunto, wee pre- 
sented a humble petition to Coll. Bayer in his owne hands, who gave it to the 
Court, containeinge a request to fortify the citty and to dlsarme Papists, instead 
of acceptance thereof, they gave us for answer, that wee deserved, that six or seven 
persons of our Assembly should be hanged for our paines, and the Captaine of 
the vessel that brought the news from England concerning the changing of the 
Government there was by order of Capt. Nicholson turned out of doore with hard 
threatenings and scholdings. 

Thirdly: By which behaviour wee saw the ill intentions of those persons, and 
their adherents, and therefore wee resolved for the behoofe of theire Majesties 
King William and Queen Mary and for the securitie of the Inhabitants, to make 
ourselves masters of the Fort or castle which was not in state of great defence, 
as wee happily did.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. G32, 633. 


Colonel Bayaed to Sik Edmund Andros. 

New York, 10 lOber 1689. 

Leysler tooke yesterday his seate in ye Governor's pewe at Church, with a large 
carpet before him, and young Hendrick ye booker at Councels, in Mr. Philip's or 
ye Councels pewe. Henry Cuyler that betrayed ye fort, a silly fool and coward 
Is made Major of ye Regiment and Gorit ye Masan* Capt. in his roome. The roote 
of his Councell it said is one Samuel Staets, P. Lanoy, Sam Edsals And Jae. Mil- 
borne who is alsoo Sacretary. The Committy being laid aside. I wrote to Mr. 
West for to have another coppy of the occurrances made if need bee.— Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iii. 636. 

• Gerrit Duyckingk. 


982 . Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Colonel Bataed Wrote an Elaborate Account of Occur- 
PENCEs IN !N'ew York from April to December^ 1689, Por- 
traying the Abuses and Insolent Conduct of Jacqb Leise- 

ler, Etc. 


1689, Dec. 13. 

He refers to the imprisonment of Andros at Boston; of the Convention in New 
Yorli; of the fortifying of the City; of the usurpation of Leiseler, and the efforts 
of the old Council to stay the violence; of the disposition of the revenue; of thei 
lying rumors which vreve circulated; of the pretence that Protestantism was itt 
danger, and that Leisler was holding the government for William and Mary; that 
Lieutenant Governor Nicholson was only a creature of the Catholic ex-GovernoP 
Dongan; of the Collector Plowman, because he was a Papist; of the fomenting' 
of discords and seizing the revenue funds, compelling Bayard to flee to Albany; 
of assaulting many of the most respectable citizens; of the illegal formation of 
the Committee of Safety, and malving Leisler Captain of the Fort; of the arbi- 
trary imprisonment of many former officials and citizens; 

Item they have alsoo in violation of the said Prerogative and In Contempt of 
their Majesties gracious proclamation of the 14th of February last (confirming 
all Justices of ye peace being Protestants) usurped the power to install severall 
Justices of the Peace, and to dismlsse the old ones, though protestants and per- 
sons of honnor and credit, and in iilie manner they have also acted with severall 
of the Chief Military Officers. 

Item they have exercised their Jurisdiction not only in the Clvlll and Military, 
but alsoo in the Ecclesiastical affairs prescribing to the severall churches rules" 
and ordinances and enjoyned them by threatenings to be obedient thereunto. 

That they deposed the lawful city officials and installed de la noy as mayor, 
and compelled Mayor Cortlandt to flee; that they tried to seize the government 
of Albany, but failed; that upon Bayard's return to New York, Leisler sought to 
arrest him, searching for him everywhere; entering by force of armes and makeing 
a strict search Into the howse of the said Colonel and alsoo in that of Mr. Mayor, 
and of the Minister Domine Selyns with fourteen or fifteen of the chiefe howses 
in the Citty, crying out that they would have the said Colonel though they should 
fetch him from the Gates of Hell, and to have their pleasure with him withi 
several of the like exasperating expressions. Wherefore the said Colonel further 
resolved to obscunde himselfe till releefe from England. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 

Peter Reverdye to the Bishop of London. 

30 December 1689 from the downs. 

My Lord. The two ministers, Mr. Ware and Mr. Boiceau, have been heer a' 
great while waiting for a convoy for Virginia — heer are some now Dutch and 
English bound for the Canary's — we doe intend, God willing, to take the upor- 
tunite — (The French for certain have a deslgne upon New York) ; if your Lord- 
ship would be pleased to procure the Kings letter to Captain Jacob Leisler, now 
Governor there, untill the Kings Governor doth come, to order him to secure the 
place untill Col. Slawter cometh, it would be very necessary: there two hundred 
French families about New York which will be put to the torture if the French 
takes itt. They came out of Caroline, St. Christophes, and London. I hope your 
Honour will commisserate our condition, my family being one of them, and It 
the Kings letter be tow long to procure. Col. Slawters letter may doe much good. 
If sent to me aboard the Wm. and Mary, John Browne Comr. riding in the Downes, 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 983 

to the first place I shall land in Virginia, I shall with all diligence take horse to> 

carry such an order. Col. Slawter will not be ready before April, although his 

appointment is the 10th of March; what mischief is intended, will then be done; 

I pray my Lord in continuing the charitable acts, take this into consideration — 

If our ship should be gone from the downs of the conuoyes will take more shippa 

att Plimouth; the letter may be ordered att the post house to be brought on board 

our ship — Wishing health, prosperite and all happinesse that this world can' 

afford, and felicite in the world to come to your Lordship, I remaine Your Honours 

most faithful servant, 

(Signed) P. Reverdge.* 

I hope your honour will be pleased to remember the business of our Minister^ 
Mons. Daille.f when the Governour cometh. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 650-1. 

A Narrative of the Grievances and Oppressions Caused by 
Jacob Leitsler and His Accomplices. 

This document is unsigned. It was intended to present it to the Mayor's Court, 
January 21, 1690, but owing to the violence of Leisler just preceding. It was deemed 
unwise to do so. It was, therefore, secretly printed in New York in January or 
February 1690, and subsequently reprinted in London. It must be remembered 
that it represents the extreme view of the anti-Leisler side. 


The writers of this report acknowledge the Happy Revolution, by which England 
had been delivered. They express their admiration of the enterprise of William 
of Orange in behalf of the Protestant religion, and dedicate their lives to his ser- 
vice, and pray for the Divine blessing on his reign. But they express their 
abhorance at the illegal and arbitrary conduct of certain men in New York, wha 
had usurped authority at this crisis. Against their act, they protest. 

Upon the first rumor of the Revolution, Lieutenant Governor Nicholson convened 
his Council with the Mayor and Common Council of the City, and certain military 
men, and stated the case. He proposed to allow certain train-bands to take theiff 
turns in guarding the Fort; and that the customs collected for the expenses of the 
government should now be used for putting the Fort in a better condition against 
any foreign foe. 

But Jacob Leisler, Captain of one of the train-bands opposed this. He then had 
a ship laden with wines in the Bay whose duty would amount to about one hun- 
dred pounds. ,, He declined to pay this as the Collector was a Papist, and therefore 
not now qualified to receive it. Leisler then tried to get the people of the east 
end of Long Island to seize the Fort, under the pretence that there was danger of 
its being seized by some foreign power. Excited by the recent events at Boston, 

* Peter Reverdy. He was a French Protestant, and is mentioned in " The Revo- 
lution in New England Justified ". p. 41, (republished in Force's Historical Tracts, 
iv.,) as having been the author of Memoirs concerning Sir Edmund Andros. 

7 Rev. Peter Daille was one of the earliest ministers connected with the French 
protestants of the city of New York. He incurred Leisler's displeasure in 1690, 
and had subsequently some difference with his congregation (New York Docu- 
mentary History, 8vo., 11., 432; ill., 678, 1167), which caused him to remove to 
Boston where he is mentioned in 1696, as having charge of a society of French' 
refugees. Mather's Magualia, 27. He and his wife, who preceded him by nine 
years, were interred in the Granary burying ground, Boston. He was a person 
of great piety and charity; of affable and courteous behavior, and of an exemplary 
life and conversation. He was much lamented, especially by his flock. 3 Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society's Collections, ii., 52. See also Baird's Pierre Daille, 
and Corwin's Manual. 


984 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

with the arrest and imprisonment of Governor Andros, they liked the idea, and. 
about eighty men, with this object In view came as far west as Jamaica. Three 
of them came on to the City and had a meeting with the Mayor and Common 
Council, Leisler being present, when they went away satisfied and returned to their 

A rumor was now started, presumably by Leisler, to murder all the attendants 
of the Dutch Chwch on a certain Sunday morning. Leisler stirred up the people! 
to resist such a massacre, although all was a pure invention. Consequently on the 
Friday before a band of armed men demanded that Leisler should be their Captain. 
He finally arranged that one Stoll should take his place. They marched to the 
Fort and demanded admittance. It was all understood beforehand, and a certain 
Henry Cuyler, the Captain of the train-band for that day, after a show of re- 
sistance, admitted them to their mutual satisfaction. 

Lieutenant Governor Nicholson was somewhat startled at this transaction. 
Leisler is joyfully received into the Fort, and a consultation is held how they are 
to get possession of the keys of the Treasury. A squad of men was sent to the 
City Hall, and compelled Nicholson to surrender them. Leisler was proclaimed 
Colonel. The Governor and Council now resolved to remove the moneys from the 
Fort to the House of Fred Phillips, one of the Council, but Leisler and his friends 
refused to surrender them. The Captains of vessels were now obliged to go to the 
Fort, and have their papers publicly examined. The Captains of the train bands 
now all signed a paper that it was t4ieir purpose to defend the Protestant religion, 
and they would hold the Fort for William and Mary until their Majesties' further 
orders. A Committee of Safety was therefore appointed and Leisler was made 
Captain of the Fort. He considered that he was now ready to domineer in all 
things, ecclesiastical, civil and military. He was very arbitrary and paid no 
attention to law or legal proceedings. He was afraid of a regular civil organiza- 
tion, and was especially anxious to allow no Papist to remain in any office. 

" The malice of this man's spirit hath been so general against all that would 
not say as he did, that the Dutch Ministers of the Reformed Churches within this 
Province, have not escaped the lash of his inveterate tongue. Nor hath his en- 
deavors been wanting to create the same disorders and confusion in Church as he 
hath already done in Government ". 

He broke up the Assembly of the Commissioners on Customs, formerly appointed 
by the Governors and Council, and drove them out of the Custom House, and Gol. 
Bayard narrowly escaped with his life. Many Avere despoiled of their goods, and 
very many arbitrary arrests were made, and the right of habeas corpus was 

On August 25, 16S9, Jacob Milbourne arrived from England, who excited the 
people by misrepresenting the true state of affairs in England. He said that 
William was an elective King, and only the servant of his subjects. The people 
were led to claim that they were imitating William. A Committee of Safety was 
now elected, by a small vote, in all the counties. New city oflicials were also now 
chosen, Peter de la Noy becoming Mayor. Milbourne was sent to Albany with fifty 
men, to carry out similar changes there, but was obliged to leave very summarily. 

The parties writing this account hoped that upon receipt of letters from the' 
King, these evils might have an end; but as the said letters, when received, were 
directed to Lieutenant Governor Nicholson, or whoever was in authority, Leisler 
claimed everything for himself; and although the members of the former Council 
asserted that the letters were meant for them, Leisler only abused them for the 
suggestion, and proclaimed that he was now Governor by virtue of the King's let- 
ter. He now enforced the laws of Assembly under Dongan, concerning revenue 
and taxes, although these had been annulled by James II, when he became King. 
Of all this the party writing this letter bitterly complained. They declare theirj 
joyful submission to William and Mary, but besought for a lawful Governor and 
some redress for all their wrongs. — Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 665-684. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 985 


Lieutenant Goveknob Leislek and Council to the Bishop of 


7th January, 1689 [1690] Fort William in ISTew York. 

May it please Your Lordship: According to our bounden 
duty, and as we were capacitated, did most humbly present our 
addresses to their most excellent Majesties, with a letter from the 
Commander in Chief, as also some particulars of our undertak- 
ings, and how far we had proceeded in delivering and reforming 
this miserable province from the direfull state it was inthralled, 
through the arbitrary and illegal Commissions granted by the 
late King James, unto his Lieutenant or Governors, IsTamely, 
Colonel Thomas Dongan, a prof est Papist; whose councill con- 
sisting of seven, himselfe with any five thereof had the legisla- 
tive power to make and disanuU Laws, and did levy money — 
yea very considerable sums, upon the Kings subjects. Which 
said commission being superceded by a letter from the said King, 
empowering Sir Edmund Andros to joyn this Colony with more 
adjacent places, to ISTew England: (though bought of the Duke 
of York with conditions to be distinct from the rest:) and that 
a Councill, thirty odd in number, being nominated, seven thereof 
with the said Governour had the legislative power to act as afore- 
said, taking remarkable effect as is humbly presented to your 
Lordshipps view pr. paper 'No. 1. Making choice and alluring 
by benefitts of most of the principall persons amongst us, who 
fearing the then Regall terror, and embracing the present tempta- 
tions, became evill instruments and fiercely devoted to great 
prejudice of his present Majesties interest and our tranquility; 
which hath too much prevailed and obtained upon many honest 
and well minded people even to this day, a tast of which is hum- 
bly offered your Lordshipps pr. paper No. 2, relating the be- 
haviour of Coll. Bayard. 

That our adversaryes should not overpower us by their crafty 
devices, wee caused writts to issue forth for free elections by 
the People, for civil and Military Ofiicers, with a formall paper 


986 Ecclesiastical Records 

for the said Electors to subscribe 'No. 3; wMcb took effect, the 
major part • signing, notwithstanding all diligence and endeavours 
by King James's party, were used to the contrary; npon returne 
whereof, the Justices and other Officers were de novo establisht 
to great regret of the former and Associates, who are encouraged 
b}' the correspondence continued between Sir Edmund Andres's 
party at Boston, and them, which can not be yet prevented, al- 
though some persons have been detected, and pacquetts inter- 
cepted; It would be too troublesome to enumerate the pernicious 
and inhuman practices of Sir Andros, but cannot omitt his base 
undertaking wdth the Infidels, as pr. the paper ISTo. 4. may be 
seen ; who substituted an instrument, like himself e, on© Francis 
Nicolson, Lieutenant Governor, in his absence, who together with 
Mr. Innes, the pretended protestant Minister, and their accom- 
plices, sent to England a formal submission to their Majesties 
Government; notwithstanding which, in their Assembly they did 
not continue praying for the Prince of Wales, and that God 
would give K. James victory over his Ennemies having discovered 
their inclinations by sundry expressions and actings as in some 
part may appeare to Your Lordshipp. pr. the paper No. 5 and 6. 
distaining in the most contemptuous manner his Hss. 3rd dec- 

Albany and some part of Ulster County have chiefly with- 
stood us, being influenced by Coll. Bayard and Mr. Staph. Van 
Cortlandt: (the later was Mayor the last year of this Citty:) who 
at the celebrating of the Prince of A^Hiales's birth, sacrificed his 
hat, peruke, etc., although professing the Reformed Religion, 
both wdiich, to void the indignation of the Citizens, escaped to Al- 
bany aforesaid, inciting them to their perseverance under Sir Ed- 
mund Andros Commissions, assuring his continuation ; w^hich suit- 
ing their circumstances, (having invaded the Kings, as well as 
other mens lands etc.) wrought accordingly: — Soon after the 
Erench, with considerable numbers of their Allyed Indians, 
alarmed them by threatening to attack Albany aforesaid, which 
awakened the neighbours of New England, and upon their notice, 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 987 

wee sent fifty men with, amies and powder etc., what could be 
spared under the direction of a person acquainted with, the place 
and people, in hopes that upon such an occasion to have found 
them of more suitable disposition, to embrace proposals for their 
peace and securing His Majesties County; whicb were readily 
embraced by the Generality of the Citizens and Planters, saving 
such who stiled themselves a convention, who resolved to persist 
in their former practices : — But eighty men from iSTew England 
aforesaid, and the rest well effected to keep the place in such, a 
good posture that whenever the Ennemy approacbeth (by God's 
assistance) we have reason to believe they cannot hurt us, being 
at least six hundred men, and a fort conveniently placed, of 
fourteen gunns to add to our defence. 

Things arriving to this head. Colonel Thomas Dongan, the 
former Governor, being at his farme on Long Island, gave great 
encouragements to the former Civill and ]\Iilitary Officers by hold- 
ing Caballs at his howse and other places adjacent, to make an 
attempt upon this Fort of ]SJ"ew York; Wee being timely adver- 
tised, did consult the best method for securing that post, and dis- 
appoint them; which concluded by joyning in a firm association, 
and is humbly Offered your Lordshipp by 'No. 7. Copyes of which 
being sent to the other Countyes, so netled the Conspirators, that 
they used all possible arts to prevent signing, but wrought not 
with that force as was intended; although, it lessened our number, 
but obtained the Major part by whome we do not in the least 
doubt our security: — Though many resort to our ISTeighbours of 
East Jersey and Pennsylvania, being many Quakers in these 
parts, who (without abusing them:) encourage if not out do the 
Eoman Catholiques : and most of our Calamities and divisions are 
truly indebted to them, covering their pernicious practices by 
their blind scruples, and impudent interpretations, depending 
still upon and asserting Mr. Pen to be a person of undoubted sin- 
cerity : in the Meantime they advance the Interest of King James, 
and say that all commissions are good to this day, Colonel Townly 



988 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

and others committing riot upon onr Justices bordering next to 
them, owning none save 'King James, openly drinking his health 
etc., which we hope in due time to subdue. 

And thus. Eight Reverend Lord, stood things till December 
9th. His Majesties letters arrived in which are ISTo. 8,, some of 
Sir Edmund Andros councill attending — The Messenger: (al- 
though the Captain Mcolson was gone:) expected their names 
might be inserted, and thereby to challenge them, which was pre- 
vented by the Commander in Chief, Jacob Leisler pr. paper ISTo. 9. 
so elected, and the next day their Majesties a second time were 
proclaimed, (Scotland being formerly omitted:) in due forme, 
solemnity and extent of our ceremonies, to the great satisfaction 
of the people : A councill forthwith were chosen out of such who 
had faithfully served King William's interest, and endeavoured 
to preserve the peace of the province, securing His Majesties 
revenue: (according to Act of Assembly:) by two orders !N"o. 10. 
which were abused by pamphletts 'No. 11, and others tearing and 
defacing the same : one of which actore is taken, and by his 
example the rest are suppressed. The next step was to settle the 
Magistracy and appoint commissioners of Judicature in the re- 
spective counties according to our Laws, and proceeded to estab- 
lish the Militia, in all which endifferent success attends us; not 
questioning to settle all things in reasonable method, considering 
our circumstances, so that Majesties fort and this city, with other 
parts of the province, may be supported, and contingent expences 
may be defrayed out of revenue, which we are resolved to col- 
lect (though we are sensible of great opposicon:) according to 
His Majestys requirements, and as our duty enjoyes us. — When 
Sir Edmund Andros was here, with Secretary Randolph, most of 
the Records, Bookes, papers, and scale, which belonged to this 
province, were transmitted to Boston. Whereby we are incapaci- 
tated to present your Lordship with such a state of things as be- 
comes the case, and our duty, having adventured to make a new 
seale for the province, altering the Duke of York's coronet, and 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 989 


placing the crowue of England in its stead. IN'othing can abate 
our service, except the want of twenty five Canon of twenty four 
pound Calaber, firelock Musketts, PistoUs, Bandolier, one hundred 
and fifty pound powder, match, Handgranadoes, Bayonetts, Crow- 
feet, etc., with forty pound weight of muskett bullets, in case the 
French visit us in the spring, which might be expected; and hope 
his Majesties will afford the same pr. some small vessell, forthwith, 
untill further resolutions are taken concerning us, as to his 
princely v/isdome shall seeme meet. 

Right Eeverend Lord : 

Since the foregoing: (by stopping a letter carrier, bound for 
Boston, who took in Adversary's packett at Coll. Morris, his howse, 
who is a Quaker at convenient distance from ]^ew York: the said 
Morris hath entertained and countenanced that party with great 
encouragements ever since these Bevolucions:) have obtained sev- 
erall letters under ISTo. 12. whereby your Lordshipp may per- 
ceive the horrible devices they can invent, as is particularly ex- 
pressed in Coll. Bayard's letter to John "VYest, of a plot to Mas- 
sacre them on ]^ew Years day, which should be told him by Yan 
Cortlands wife, who, he terms the Mayoresse; whereupon we 
found out said Bayard and seized him; but on notice thereof, 
said Cortlandt and his wife fled, whither not yet knowne, with 
other particulars wickedly suggested, and his reflections on those 
of Boston, in despight of His Majesties Roy all approbation of 
what they have done with purport to blacken us at home ; but when 
he came before us, would not owne any of his writings which 
wee can sufliciently prove Upon him: — The other person most 
dangerous was William J^icolls, whose letters are under the same 
No. 12 : the one taken with the carrier, the other found in his 
pocket; the first directed to Farwell, a notorious criminal at 
Boston; the other, threatens. Pistolling, poysonning, ponyarding 
etc., the posterity of the Commander Leisler: who likewise would 
not owne any of said papers although taken under such evident 


990 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

circumstances, both which persons wee doubt not but to con- 
dignlj punish. The other letter was written by said CoU. Bayard 
and indited for Major Brockholes, a profest Papist, and hath been 
of ColL Dongans and Sir Edmund Andres's councill, whereby 
your Lordship may perceive what correspondence there is yet 
between them; and many others, by virtue of their former com- 
missions, ride armed in an hostile manner encourageing the people 
to rebellion, whome wee doubt not but in short time to surpresse; 
having had such good successe in this City, that most of the sus- 
pected are fled into the next colony amongst the Quakers; what 
their further proceedings will be time will teach — Trusting in 
God and our Loyall forces to quash all their attempts, nor doubt- 
ing but such persons Avho hav been the instruments of our 
miseryes and oppressions shall be perverted from obtaining places 
againe whereby they may be impowered to revenge themselves : 
(as the said Bayard by his letter:) is in expectation. 

The Expectation wee have of His Majesties gracious acceptance 
of what according to our duty and capacityes wee have done al- 
ready and shall proceed in, through your Lordship's assistance, 
under God, being our sole dependence ; wee doubt not but to ac- 
quitt ourselves as becometh true Christians, Loyall subjects and 
faithful to Llis Majesties interest, the peace and tranquility of 
this province : — praying for your Lordship's long life and ever- 
lasting happynesse, subscribe 

Right Reverend Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient servants and 
supplicants in behalfe of the rest. 
Jacob Leisler 

Pr D. La Moy (de la 'Noj) 
Johannes Bermege (Vermelje) 
Benjamin Blagge 
Samuel Plaats (Staats) 
Jacob Milborne, Secretary. 
Col. Docs. X. Y. iii. 654-7. 

OF THE State of I^ew York, 991 

Seceet Instsuctions to Governor Sloughtee, so Far as They 
Relate to Religion. 

You shall take care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly served throughout 
your Government; The Book of Common Prayer as it is novr established, read each 
Sunday and Holyday, and the blessed Sacrament administered according to the 
rites of the Church of England; You shall be careful that the Churches already 
built there, shall be well and orderly kept and more built as the Colony shall by 
God's blessing be improved; and that besides a competent maintenance to be 
assigned to the Ministers of each Orthodox Church, a convenient house to be built 
at the common charge for each Minister, and competent proportion of Land 
assigned him for a Glebe and exercise of his Industry. 

You are to take care that the Parishes be so limitted and settled as you shall 
And most convenient for the accomplishing this Good work. 

Our Will and Pleasure is, That no Minister be preferred by you to any Ecclesi- 
astical Benefice in that our Province, without a Certificate from the Right 
Reverend, the Bishop of London, of his being conformable to the Doctrine and 
Discipline of the Church of England, and of a good life and conversion. 

And if any Person preferred already to a Benefice shall appear to you to give 
scandal either by his Doctrine or Manners, you are to use the best meanes for the 
removall of him, and to supply the vacancy in such manner as we have directed. 
And also our Pleasure is, that In the direction of all Church affairs, the minister 
be admitted into the respective Vestrys. 

And to the end the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the said Bisliop of London may 
take place in that our Province as far as conveniently may be; We do think fitt 
that you give all Countenance and encouragement in the exercise of the same, ex- 
cepting only to the collating to Benefices, Granting Licenses for marriages and 
Probates of Wills, which we have reserved to you our Governor, and to the Com- 
mander in chief for the time being. 

You are to take especial care that a Table of Marriages established by the 
Canons of the Church of England be hung up in all Orthodox Churches and duly 

We do further direct that no School Master be henceforth permitted to come 
from England and to keep school within our Province of New York without the. 
License of the said Bishop of London, and that no other person now there, or that 
shall come from other parts be admitted to keep school without your License first 

You are to take care Drunkenness and Debauchery, swearing and Blasphemy be 
severely punislied, and that none be admitted to Publick Trust and Imployment, 
whose ill Fame and Conversation may bring scandall thereupon. 


You shall administer, or cause to be administered, the Oaths appointed by Act 
of Parliament to be taken, instead of the Oaths of allegiance and Supremacy and 
the Test, to the members and officers of our Councill, to all Judges and Justices,, 
and all other Persons that hold any office in our said Province by vertue of any 
Patent under our Great Seal of England' or our Seal of our Province of New York. 

And you are to permitt a liberty of Conscience to all Persons (except Papists) 
so they be contented with a quiet and Peaceable enjoyment of it, not giving offence 
or scandall to the Government.— Col. Docs. N. Y. ill. 688, 689. 


992 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Classis of Amsteedam. 


Eev. Godfridus Dellius to Daniel Yan Suylesteyn, of England, 
March 3 (or 8) 1690. 

(A large part of this letter is mutilated and quite illegible. It 
appears to be directed to a Mr. Van Suylesteyn, first stable-master 
of the King (William III). It seems to have given a pretty full 
statement of the sufferings and tyranny to which ministers and 
members of the Reformed Church had been subjected, during the 
government of Jacob Leisler, and besought his intervention with 
the King.) • 

Waeeant to Pat a Chaplain aistd Other Offioees foe ISTew 


1690, March 13. 

Whereas. We hare thought fit to make and Pass an Establishment for two foot 
companies to be employed in our Province of New York in America to be paid out 
of the monies appointed for the Pay of the Land Forces within our Kingdome of 
England according to the Rates therein mentioned. And being informed that there 
will accrue a surplusage of Five hundred and fifty three pounds four shillings and 
eleven pence or there abouts, at the rate of thirty P: Cent by the difference of the 
money or value of money currant in our said Province. Our Will and Pleasure is, 
hereby further to appoint a Chaplain for the said Two Companies at the rate of 
six shillings and eight pence P. Diem. A Chirurgeon etc. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 

Agents at Albany to Government of Massachijsetts. 

1690, March 20. 

Wee found that the French gained much upon the Indians by sending their 
Clergyman amongst them, not so much to convert their souls as their beaver and 
other trade to Canada; yet by their familiarity and continuall converse, insinuated 
into the minds of the Heathen and prevailed much, wee move that your honors be 
pleased to persuade some of your young divines to undertake to instruct the 
Indians, especially ye Maquase, in the true Protestant Religion; since divers have 
an Inclination to, itt One being by the great pains and industry of Our Minister, 
Domine Dellius, brought so far that he made his publick confession in the Church 
at Albany to every body's admiration and was baptized accordingly. 

Robert Livingstone, Gerrlt Teunise, Thos. Garton. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 696. 

OF THE State of New York. 993 

Leislee Writes to -the King. 

On March 31, 1690, Leisler wrote to King William, giving an account of affairSl 
up to January 1689 (1690). Under same date he wrote a lengthy letter to the 
Bishop of Salisbury, giving an account of the massacre at Schenectady, as follows: 

31st March 1690. 

" May it please your Lordship: The foregoing being sent via Boston pr the 
Agents for New England which we hope are safely arrived ere this date, we take 
leave to add, that a certain village named Schanechtede twenty four Miles to the 
Northward of Albany on Saturday the 9th of February last about eleven oclock at 
night came two hundred French and Indians near one hundred each and attacqed 
the same whilst it snowed thick, barbarously destroyed the Inhabitants, all being 
Dutch: they murthered sixty persons, and bore away with them twenty seven 
prisoners, wounding some others so that there remained but about one sixth part 
of them having their cattel, goods and provisions destroyed and wrested from 
them, the remnant sheltering themselves at Albany, where is provision made for 
them from New Yorke — Being alarmed by the daily expectations of the French 
and Indians at Mont Real, endeavouring to obtaine upon the allyed Indians with 
us, viz. the Macquaes, Onyedauns, Onondades, Cayougaes, Sinnekaes and Mahe- 
kanders who have espoused our cause, we have appointed persons to meet them at 
Albany in a few days to consult our best way to intercept the Ennemies march; 
The Macquaes having given us proofe of their fidelity and courage by pursuing 
those who destroyed Scheuechtede even near their own home, taking and slaying 
twenty Ave of them who lagged in the reare, and promised to rayse more than one 
thousand Men of theirs to joine with four hundred of ours which we have neai'' 
raised for that intent ". — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 700. 

Warrant to Governor Sloughter to Use the Seal of oSTew 


1690, May 1. 

To our Trusty and wellbeloved Henry Sloughter Esq., our Captain General and 
Governor in Chief of our Province of New York, and the Territories depending 
thereon in America, Greeting. Herewith you will receive a Seal appointed by Us 
for the use of our Province of New Yorke and the Territories depending thereon in 
America, the same being engraved on the one side with our Royal Effegies, and 
two Indians kneeling and offering presents unto Us, with our Royal Titles round the 
circumference of the said Seal; and on the other side with our royal Armes, with 
the Garter, Crown, Supporters and Motto, and this Inscription round the circum- 
ference. Sigillum Provinciae Nostrae Novi Eboraci in America, which said Seal, 
We do hereby authorize and direct to be used in the sealing all Patents aud pub- 
lick Grants of lands and all Publick Acts and Instruments which shall be made 
and passed in our name and for our service within our said Province and the 
Territories depending thereon and that it be to all intents and purposes of the- 
same force and Validity, as any former Seal within our Province, or as any other 
Seal whatsoever appointed for the use of any of our Plantations in America. And 
so we bid you farewell. Given at our Court at Kensiugton the thirty first day of 
May 1690, In the Second year of our Reign. 

By his Majesty's Command. 

The copy of the preceding Warrant, in the Secretary's Office, in Book of Com- 
missions, ii., 16, has the signature " William R ". at the commencement, and 
" Nottingham " at the end of the document. — Col. Does. N. Y. iii. 726. 




994 Ecclesiastical Records 

Reverend Father Lamberville to the Reverend Father 


(Translated from the Latin.) 

May 6, 1690. 
Reverend Father. Pax Christi : — 

May the Lord have pity on you and send you aid from on High, 
that you may be able, vt^ith a strong heart and willing mind, to 
walk day and night in His law, since you daily mortify yourself 
for the glory of His name ; for you have become a prisoner on 
account of your great charity towards the Indians, and for the 
salvation of souls ; for when you were called by them to pray to 
the Lord for a sick Squaw', they then took you prisoner, and this 
is the cause of your captivity. 

You are aware, and God is our witness, that as long as we have 
had intercourse with the Indians, we had no other intentions than 
the salvation of souls, and the existence of peace, as well with the 
English as between the French and Indians; but it has happened, 
that they are turned, by the artifice of the Devil and by Envy to 
the destruction of those souls which Christ has redeemed with his 
own blood. We pray that He may quickly conciliate the English 
and French, and free them from the wickedness of wars. 

We send you by him, who is called L'Outarde, paper and pow- 
der, which, when mixed with water, will make ink. Thus, with 
permission of the Indians, you will be able to write to us. We 
also send you clothes to cover you, and golden coin for the pur- 
chase of a woolen, or any other cloak, or garment you may need. 
But we have no news except that Domine Dellius, the minister 
at Albany, an honest man and well disposed towards us, told a 
French soldier, a prisoner among the Mohawks, that he had seen 
the letters we wrote you and that a bad construction had been 
put on them. If you have any opportunity to communicate with 
him through the Indians, you may assure him that we never en- 
tertained any such thought, as we abhor crimes of this nature. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 995 

But I request, should you see Domine Dellius, minister at Albany, 
or write to him, that you make him my respects. Although there 
may be war between the French and those English who are op- 
posed to the King of England, nevertheless we always entertain 
the same friendly disposition towards Domine Dellius, inasmuch 
as we both desire peace, not war. 

Farewell. We pray God that, all dissensions being soon at an 
end, we may again embrace you in safety. This, is the sum of 
our prayers. Again adieu ; from your old companion and neighbor 
among the Indians. All salute you. 
A mon Rev'd Pere 

Pere Millet, de la Compie de Jesus 
A OnneiSt. 

Concordat cum original. 
Quod attestatt 
(signed) Abram Gouverneuv. — Col. Docs. X. Y. iii. 714, 715. 
See also Dellius's Defence, Oct. 21, 1700. 

Extracts from Van Cortlandt's Account to Sir Edmund 
Andros, of Leisuer's Conduct. 

1690, May 19. 
Extracts and Abstract. 

" May it please your Excellency: 

It is now nere seventeen weekes that I have been forced out of my house, by the 
violence of Captain Laysler, and hath sent and inquired almost everywhere after 
mee, but by the grace of God I am still free from his hands; And although I have 
sent to him to know the reason why he doth prosecute mee in such a forcible man- 
ner, and if I have committed any crime or offence, that I was ready to give security 
both for my good behavior and appearance when lawfully called: but no plaine 
answer could be had, onely that he would have my person if between heaven and 
earth:— People say, he will have off me againe the money I received off the Col- 
lector Plowman, by your Excellency's order; others say he thinks I doe not owne 
him to be the Kings Lieutenant Governor; some say that Mr. Bayard had writt to 
some of his friends (which letter was intercepted:) that he would retake the Fort, 
and that I with Bayard doe conspire against him, to rise the people, and to 
deposesse him, which is wholly false; for I expect my help from God and his 
Majesty:— Mr. Bayard is still in prison and in irons; William Nicholls is in close 
prison; soe is Mr. Hix for not delivering up his Commission as Justice of the Peace: 
Poore Perry is there still; Mr. Johannes Kip, Alderman and Deacon off our Church, 



996 Ecclesiastical Records 

for going in the Churcli to old Mr. Beeckman to receive ttie Almes, before lie went 
to young Henry ttie Baker, who is now one off the Councill; Mr. Christoffer Gere 
is in prison for saying he was as much Lieutenant Governor as Mr. Leisler; Dr. 
Geodineau, for not delivering up his Commission as Leftenant:— he was in the 
expedition with Governor Dongan att Albany; Major Willett, Captain Jackson, 
Daniel Whitehead and others are also forced to flye. Coll. Hamilton, Townly, Cap- 
tain Bourne, Pinhorne, and others off New Jersey Gentlemen, dare not come in 
town; Governor Dongan was confined in his house att Hemstede, but is gone to 
New Yersay, and many more ". Milbourne's actions at Albany and flight to Esopus 
are then referred to. 

"The French and Indians have alsoe burned Scheneghtade. killed 

sixty people, and took twenty eight young men and boys, prisoners. About one 
hundred and fifty Indians and fifty young men of Albany followed the French, 
overtook them upon the lake, killed some and tooke fifteen Frenchmen, which the 

Indians have killed in their castles" "Most of the Albany woemen 

are att New Yorke " 

A privateer was being fitted out to take Quebec, but it was hard to get volun- 
teers — " Drumbes are daily beating for men to goe upon said vessell, but few 
appeared; which hath caused a resolve to be taken that some of the best Inhabit- 
ants of New Yorke, of which a list is made, should be pressed to goe on board said 
two vessels in his Majesty's service to take Canida, which hath made several of 
them to absent themselves and leave New Yorke and come in New Jersey ". A 
civil Assembly was called, but onely a few attended, in order to raise money for 
Leisler, but the effort was not successful. The people petitioned this Assembly 
to set the many political prisoners free, but without success. The provisions of the 
people and the merchants were now seized by Leisler, for his soldiers. Certain 
moneys which had been raised to redeem certain captives from captivity, were 
alsoe seized: " The remainder of the money that was gathered for the redemption 
of Laisler and the other slaves in Turkey, which your Excellency (Andros) gave to 
build a new Church in New Yorke, our Church Warden had it laid out in Amster- 
dam, and got Osenbridge linnes for it, all which Osenbridge Laisler hath taken, and 
sent to Albany with Milbourne ". 

He then referred to the false rumors circulated about the former Governors — 
treasonable imaginations though they were. A year had passed since these troubles 
began, and he (Van Cortlandt) had not been able to be at his own home for three 
months in all, during that period, in order to avoid imprisonment; and those 
imprisoned could seldom speak with any of their relatives. " Being thus in this 
Chaoa off troubles, and in the middle of all these afflictions, deprived from the 
liberty of looking after my estate, my wife affronted and beaten, my children 
threatened: (one of which died in my absence:) all the other sicke, my estate run- 
ning to decay, blamed by the people, my honour stained, my credit blasted, all 
which grooves me to the hartt, without, that I can have any remedy here off 
these that are in Government, here, and having nobody in England to whome I can 
addresse my selfe for helpe and assistance in this pressing misery and Calamity, 
and being assured that your Excellency hath that kindnesse and favor for mee 
and my family to help mee if it lyes in your power; T make bold to address myself 
unto your Excellency moste humbly beseeching your Excellency bee pleased to 
endevour that an order may bee sent over for our releef ; that those that have now 
been soe long in prison and those that have been forced to absent themselves, and 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 997 

them that are still threatened every day to be imprisoned, whereby they cannot 
have the liberty and that freedome as they ought to doe theire affaires, may have 
their liberty and freedome as other subjects have, giving in security if any unlaw- 
full act committed, to appear and answer before His Majesty's Goveruour when he 
shall come, all what shall be alleged against them, and in the mean time behave 
themselfs as other subjects doe, and that none shall be condemned but by due court 
at law, that none shall be deposessed or deprived of his goods or Estate without 
having a tryell for itt or with his will and consent, and being satisfied for it — 
That what goods that are already soe taken away, the actors may answer for att 
law, for the same and for all other damage and losses sustained by their unlaw- 
full and unchristian actings, and that all other our soe heave greevances may 
bee redressed; In the doeing whereof your Excellency will doe a great act of 
charity and infinitely oblige many off your reall and true friends: — I understand 
Coll. Hamilton intends to goe for England, if soe, hee will give your Excellency 
a large account off the transactions in these parts ". 

Van Cortlaudt then sent certain accounts to Ex-Governor Andross, and expressed 
hope that the Governor would be cleared of all charges against him, and that he 
might recover heavy damages for false imprisonment (in Boston.) He hoped that 
funds would be sent to him (Van Cortlandt) to pay loyal parties in New York for 
expenses incurred, or losses. He had also audited Governor Dongan's account for 
1688. He further referred to naval preparations making in Boston to capture Port 
Royal from the French, and efforts for defence in Connecticut — " But our poore 
province of New Yorke is all in an allarm, both by the incursion off the French and 
the warre, and is a worser and sadder condition by the irregular manichment of our 
present Rulers; v/hich I hope God will in a short time helpe us from, in sending us 
a good wise Gouvernour out off England, that soe wee may ones live happy againe 
as formerly wee did ". — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 715-719. 

Address of 'Niew York Merchants and Ministers to the 
King and Queen. 

To their most Excellent Majesties, William and Mary, King and Queen of Eng- 
land, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defenders of ye Faith. 

The humble address of your Majesties most Dutiful and Loyall Subjects, the 
Merchants, Traders and other the Principal Inhabitants of your Majesty's Province 
of New York in America. 

Most Dread Sovereigns; We, your Majesties most oppressed and abused subjects 
in this remote Part of the World, out of a deepe sence of your great Goodnesse 
and clemency, presume with humble boldnesse to lay ourselves low at your Royall 
Feet, not doubting to enjoy some beames of that Blessed Sunshine which has made 
happy our native Country in the Restauration of their liberties and religion; when 
yet, to our great grief, we find ourselves sorely oppressed, having groaned neare 
twelve months under the burthen of Slavery and arbitrary Power executed over us, 
by the inraged fury of some ill men among us. who have assumed your Majesties 
Authority over us, overturned all civil power (notwithstanding your Maj.^'^ties 
Proclamacon for continuing all justices of the Peace etc.), ruling us by the sword 
at the sole Will of an Insolent Alien, (he being none of your Majesties natural 
borne subject), assisted by some few whom we can give no better name than a 
Rable; those who formerly were scarce thought fit to bear the meanest offices 
among us; Severall of whom can also be proved guilty of enormous crimes; by these 
your Majesties poor distressed and almost ruined subjects are daily opprest, being 
dragged into Prison into your Majesties Guarrison here by Armed Soldiers, and 
Irons put on us, without any Warrant or Mittimus; and not only bare imprisonment 
but shut up in dark noisome Holes, denyed the accesse of our friends or any Releif 
by the law, seizing our estates without any Tryall or Conviction, plundering our 
houses by armed soldiers, pretending it is for your Majesties Service, stopping all 



998 Ecclesiastical Records 

processe by law, seizing and opening all our letters which we either receave from 
or send to any parts, fearing lest we might make our case knowne to your sacred 
Majesties, to the manifest ruin of our Trade, Scandallizing and abusing our 
Ministers and Rulers of the Reformed Churches here, seizing ye Revenues thereof, 
so that our liberties are taken away, our Religion in great danger, our estates 
ruined, severall of the best and most considerable Inhabitants are forced to retire 
from their habitations, to avoid their fury, to the utter ruin of their families. 

Wee, therefore your Majesties most dutiful subjects, knowing your Majesties 
clemency and justice is such as not to suffer the meanest of your subjects to be 
opprest, humbly implore your Royall protection and Relief, by sending such person 
or orders speedily among us, as your Majesties in your Royal Breast, shall find 
most convenient; not doubting but to share in those Princely favors your Majesties 
have so bounteously bestowed on all your subjects. And we shall continually be 
supplicant at the Throne of Heaven that the King of Kings would blesse your 
Majesties with long life, a happy reign over us, with continual victory over your 
enemys; and when too old to live, to crown your hoary Heads with Immortall 

Dated in New York, the 19th May, 1690. 

Jacob Teller Peiretz Bcclesiae Gallicae Pastor 

Joseph Hegeman, Jacob De Key 

ouderling van de duyts kerck. ouderling van der Duytse kercke 

Stuft'ell Probasko, Als underling N. W. Stuyversant 

Jan Harbendinck Wm. Gray 

Wm. Teller, Junior. G. Minivelle * 

Luycas Kiersteden B. Bayard 

Thomas Clarke ^ Will Merrett 

Miles Forster . Phillip French, Jr. 

Richard Jones Jeremiah Tothill 

Stephen De Lancy Ebenezer Willson 

Rip van Dam Thomas Wenham 

Rudolphus Varick, Brant Schuyler 

Pastor ecclesiae Belgikae in deacon of the Dutch Church 

Insula Longa. Charles Lodwick 

J. V. Cortlandt John Barberie 

Samevel Mynnard ' elder of the French Church. 

Gabriell De Boyteulx Bile Boudinot 

ancien de I'eglise de Refugiez ancien de I'eglise de refugiez 

Thamis De Key Wm. Morris 

Henry De Meyer Isaac De Poreest 

A De Peyster deacon of the Dutch Church. 

John Oort —Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 748-9. 

Extract from a Letter of Thos. jSTewton to Capt. ITichol- 
soN, 26 May, 1690, Boston. 

Port Royal had been taken from the French, but they had lost Casco, yet 
Massachusetts was better off than New York " for that Tyrant and Usurper, Leysler 

makes his will his law" he proclaimed himself Lieutenant Governor, 

and any one who does not salute him by that title goes to jail. He hath detained 
Col. Bayard a long time in prison in irons, and had him in this condition carried 
about the fort walls in a chair to terrify the people, and for no other crime than 
disaffection toward Leysler. Others were in prison from the same cause. Schenec- 
tady had been taken by the French, and Albany was likely to fall. Leysler had 
demanded of the people five thousand pounds to carrj^ on the war against the 
French, and says if it is not paid he will take it by force. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 999 

Report of Sir Edmund Andros on His Administration. 


This was sent to Right Hon. Lords, the Committee for Trade and Plantations. 
Andros was commissioned in 1686 to succeed President Dudley and Council in the 
government of the New England Colonies or Provinces, to which Connecticut was 
added in 1687; and in 1688, a new commission was sent him, including all New 
England, with New Yorli and New Jersey. He at once visited New York and 
Albany, and demanded the evacuation of central New York by the French. The 
revenue of his territory yielded about twelve thousand pounds. 


" The Church of England being unprovided of a place for theyr publique worship, 
he did, l)y advice of the Councill, borrow the new meeting house in Boston, at 
such times as the same was unused, untill they could provide otherwise; and 
accordingly on Sundays went in between eleven and twelve in the morning, and in 
the afternoone about fower; but understanding it gave offence, hastened the build- 
ing of a Church, which was effected at the charge of those of the Church of Eng- 
land, where the Chaplaine of the Souldiers performed divine service and 
preaching ". 

He then referred to the establishment of courts in various places, and the en- 
forcement of the laws; also to an Indian outbreak in New England in 1689. He 
then comes to the topic of his own downfall, which took place after the flight of 
James II, and the accession of William III: 

" On the 18th of April 1689, severall of His Majesties Councill in New England, 
haveing combined and conspired together with those who were Magistrates and 
ofiicers in the late Charter Government annually chosen by the people, and severall 
other persons, to subvert and overthrow the government, and in stead thereof to 
introduce their former Commonwealth; and haveing by their false reports and 
aspersions gott to their assistance the greatest part of the people, whereof ap- 
peared in arms at Boston under the command of those who were officers in the 
sayd former popular government, to the number of about two thousand horse and 
foote; which strange and sudden appearance being wholly a surprize to Sir Edmund 
Andros, as knowing noe cause or occasion for the same; but understanding that 
severall of the Councill were at the Councill Chamber, where, (it being the ordinary 
Councill day), they were to meet; and some, particularly by him sent for from 
distant parts, also there; he and those with him went thither. And though, (as he 
passed), the streets were full of armed men, yett none offered him or those that 
were with him the least rudeness or incivility, but on the contrary usuall respect; 
but when he came to the Councill Chamber, he found severall of the sayd former 
popular Magistrates and other cheife Persons then present, with those of the 
Councill, who had noe suitable regard to him, nor the peace and quiet of the 
Countrey; but instaed of giving any assistance to support the government, made 
him a prisoner, and also imprisoned some members of the Councill and other offi- 
cers, who in pursuance of their respective dutyes and stations attended on him; 
and kept them for the space of ten months under severe and close confinement, 
untill, by his Majesty's command they were sent for England, to answer what 
might be objected them; Where, after summons given to the pretended Agents of 
New England and their twice appearance at the Councill Board, nothing being ob- 
jected by them or others, they were discharged. In the time of his confinement 
being denyed the liberty of discourse or conversation with any person, his own 
servants to attend him, or any communication or correspondence with any by 
letters, he hath noe particular knowledge of their further proceedings, but hath 
heard and understands "; — 

He then refers to their seizing of the forts and the imprisonment of the old 
officials; their seizing of all government stores and implements of war; that they 


1000 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

disabled the frigate Rose, in the harbor, by taking away her sails; that they also 
took possession of all official documents. They then organized a councill for govern- 
ment. In the meantime the Indians had risen and done much mischief. Each 
Colony again organized a government for itself, and the entire revenue of the 
Crown was destroyed. They set up their old courts again and governed themselves 
by their former laws, and regulated their own taxes. There was danger that the 
French and Indians would overrun the whole country. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 

1690, June 24tli. 

In a letter of Leisler to the Earl of Shrewsbury, June 23, 1690, 
there is an allusion to Domine Dellius, minister at Albany. He 
says that among certain letters, there was found a letter directed 
to Pere Millet, a Jesuit at Oneida, in Latin, characterizing Domine 
Dellius, '' according to what we have long had reason to suspect 
him."— Col. Docs. K Y. iii. 731-3. 

Petition of Captain Blagg to the King in Behalf of Cap- 
tain Leisler; and His Memorial of What Occurred in 
ISTew York, With Many Depositions Concerning the 
Events Connected With the Leisler Revolution. 

1690, June 24. 

(Page 737.) The petition sets forth that upon the first notice " of the late 
Happy Revolution in England ", the Protestants of New York thought it necessary 
to remove Lieutenant Governor Nicholson, (the appointee of .Tames II.) ; that they 
had chosen Leisler and his Council, who proclaimed William and Mary, " notwith- 
standing the (late Governor's) Council, Mayor and Aldermen denied their concur- 
rence. The commissions of military officers were also changed " and given out in 
your Majesties Name ", and it was thought that a letter from King William, 
" some short time after received by them, doth confirm them ". All this was done 
in opposition to many, •' who treated your Majesty's Government with great scorn 
and contempt "; but it was necessary on account of fears of the French on the 
borders, and, " to secure your Majesty's interest "; but the old ofiicials of King 
James threatened the destruction of these present officials if power ever returns 
to them. 

Therefore the King's approbation was asked for Leisler and all that he had done; 
and that a Council, loyal to William, might be chosen, and thus frustrate all 

(Page 738.) The Memorial then went on to give the reasons more particularly, 
for the Revolution, removing Lieutenant Nicholson, the Governor, and installing 
officers loyal to William: 

That Nicholson, like Col. Dongan, had neglected to repair the fortifications of the 
city, which excited suspicions against his loyalty, and he was disaffected towards 
the late happy revolution in England. Hence Jacob Leisler was chosen, with a 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1001 

committee, to make such repairs, and to administer tlie government until William's 
pleasure could be known. 

Shortly after, their Majesties' Proclamation arrived, by which William and Mary 
were to be proclaimed King and Queen of England. Notice was given to the late 
Council of Nicholson, and to the Mayor and Aldermen to assist, with proper cere- 
monies, in this Proclamation. They desired an hour's time for considering it, and 
then refused. Leisler and his Committee and most of the Inhabitants did then 
celebrate the event with many demonstrations of joy and affection. 

The Mayor and Aldermen were then suspended from office, and certain opponents 
of the Revolution and their Majesties' interests, were imprisoned. Shortly after, 
their Majesties' letters arrived, directed to Lieutenant Governor Nicholson, or, " in 
his absence to such as for the time being do take care for the preservation of their 
Majesties' Peace, and administering the Lawes in that their Majesties' Province; 
ordering such to take upon them the place of Lieutenant Governor and Commander 
in Chief of the said Province and to proclaim King William and Queen Mary, 
King and Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, and supream Lord and 
Lady of the Province of New York, if not already done; which was accordingly 
done ". 

The Inhabitants generally were satisfied therewith, and Leisler's Committee was 
dismissed, and a Council chosen to assist him in the government; but the members 
of the old government opposed all this and created a faction. This excited fear 
lest the Province should yet be delivered up to the French in Canada, which fear 
greatly agitated the Protestant population. The said faction also surrounded 
Captain Leisler and abused him with ill language and threats, and would have done 
violence to him, if they had not feared the people, who rescued him out of their 
hands, and imprisoned the ringleaders of the opposition. Multitudes also flocke'd 
into the city from the country, to defend the existing government, and it was with 
great difficulty that their zeal could be restrained. The prisoners were ultimately 
fined and discharged upon their own recognizance to keep the peace. 

The Fort and City were therefore, now in a good condition, excepting a lack of 
ammunition. The Commissions of all military men who had acted under Governors 
Dongan and Andros, had been called in, and other Commissions issued in the name 
of their present Majesties, and only to those who were well affected thereto. But 
our efforts thus to secure their Majesties interests have been greatly misrepre- 
sented, and we have been loaded with reproaches; our actions have been called a 
Dutch plot, although three quarters of the inhabitants are of Dutch descent, and 
speak Dutch; and our ruin is threatened, if the government ever falls into the 
hands of our opponents. The Memorial ends by wishing for great benefits and 
blessings from the happy Revolution, and that the friends of their Majesties' may 
not become a prey to their enemies. 

Then follow eight pages, (740-748) of depositions, taken before Peter de la Noy, 
the Mayor, about various insults or acts of violence against Leisler and his ad- 
herents. All are dated in June, 1690.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 737-748. 

Order in Council to Proclaim Their Majesties in ISTew 


After our hearty commendations — whereas William and Mary, Prince and 
Princess of Orange, have been proclaimed King and Queen of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland and of the Territories and Dominions thereunto appertaining: 
We thought fitt hereby to signify the same unto you, with directions that with the 
assistance of the principall Freeholders and Inhabitants of their Majesties Province 
of New York, you proclaim their most sacred Majesties, according to the form here 
inclosed, with the Solemnities and ceremonies requisite on the like occasion, if the 



1002 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

same be not already done. And so we bid you farewell. From the Council Cham- 
ber at Whitehall, the 29th day of July, 1689. 

Your very loving Friends, 
■ . ; . Carmarthen P. 

' ' Halifax C. P. S. 

• Oxford 

To our loving friends, Francis Nicholson R. Howard 

Esq., their Majesties Lieutenant Governor Dorsett 

and Commander in Chief of the Province of Bath 

New York. And in his absence, to such as for Lumley 

the time being take care for preserving the > Newport 

Peace and administering the Laws in their H. Powle 

Majesties Province of New York in America. R. Hampden 

Will Blathwayt. 
Memdm. The Duplicate signed at Hampton 
Court the 8th day of August 1689. 
Newport Carmarthen P 

Dorsett Halifax C. P. S. 

Montague Bolton 

Fauconbery Devonshire 

Lumley Shrewsbury 


A Proclamation for the Province of New York. 

Wee, the Lieutenant Governor and principal Freeholder and Inhabitants of the 
Province of New York, Do hereby with one full voyce and consent of Tongue and 
Heart, Publish and Proclaim, William and Mary, Prince and Princess of Orange, 
to be King and Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the 
Faith, and Supream Lord and Lady of the Province of New York and all other, the 
Territories and Dominions to the Crown of England belonging; To whom we doe 
acknowledge all Faith and True allegiance with all hearty and humble affection, 
Beseeching God, by whom Kings reign, to bless King William and Queen Mary 
with long and happy years to reign over us. 

God Save King William and Queen Mary. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 605. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Ghnrcli of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam, July 31, 1690. 

Extract, xxi, 334. 

Very Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen : — 

The sad removal of onr minister, Domine Delliiis, who has been 
and will ever be very dear to us, compels us to write this letter to 
your Reverences, and inform you about the condition of the 
church in this city. His departure has left this church almost 
entirely without a leader, as Domine Schaats, being very old, can 
perform few or no duties, except to administer the Sacraments. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1003 

jSTot only our church, but also the neighboring churches are in 
a languishing condition. The minister at Esopus (Vandenbosch) 
is unfit for his office; while the one at Schaannegtade (Tesschen- 
maker) has been, miserably murdered by the French and the sav- 
ages. His taking off grieves also the very heathen ; for during the 
past year his Reverence made it his duty to instruct them and 
bring them over to the Christian faith. He was so far successful 
in this work, that he has already incorporated quite a number, 
after public confession and baptism, in the church, much to the 
astonishment of everybod}'. He then also received them into the 
communion of the Holy and Most Precious Supper of the Lord. 
The respect and affection which these new converts had for him 
greatly favored his Godly undertaking; and the number coming 
to the public instructions arranged by his Reverence for every 
day, increased so greatly, that we firmly believe that God has a 
great following among them. We are much obliged to his Rever- 
ence because he is the first who has taken upon himself at his own 
expense, and of his own motion and out of pure love, the trouble- 
some labor of converting the heathen. 

We are grieved however that this work will now cease, and that 
in these times of war we must find ourselves very much incon- 
venienced. The surrounding country is daily devastated, the 
houses are burned, the people taken prisoners by the savages, while 
the hills resound with the lamentations of the afflicted people. Un- 
der this condition of affairs we ourselves are at our wits ends. We 
most heartily wished, that his Reverence would remain; but the 
term of his engagement has expired, and he desires to return to 
the Fatherland. It is also impossible, to continue this mission 
work among the heathen without considerable expense. We hope 
that the King of Great Britain, our Sovereign Lord, will furnish 
the necessary means for this. We have therefore earnestly re- 
quested the ministers and churches in this Province to petition his 
Majesty's favor by letters. Gentlemen, we hope and earnestly re- 
quest your Reverences, who have always been our fathers and the 



1004 Ecclesiastical Records 

providers for our church, that your paternal interest in us may 
continue, and be enlarged in reference to this newly begun and 
beneficial work ; that you will do your best to try and persuade 
our minister, Domine Dellius, to return to us, that we may still- 
further enjoy his instructions ; and that the Gospel may have free 
course among the heathen, and be further spread by him. His 
Reverence is now known among them, and they like him. It is 
a sad thing that this pious vrork was not begun earlier. A large 
number of this same tribe, our allies and neighbors, have been 
converted to the Eoiuish faitli, by the Jesuits, and have moved 
from their country to Canada. They are now one of the greatest 
scourges with which God visits us ; and they are incited thereto by 
the French, our enemies. Gentlemen, if we might be so bold, we 
would very humbly ask your Reverences to induce his Majesty, 
through your friends at the Court of England, to continue this- 
work of converting the savages. Beina' assured that you will well 
consider our request, we pray the Almighty abundantly to pour 
out his blessing upon you and your services. We remain with 
respect and humility, " . 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen, 
Your obedient servants, 
Jan Yinhagen, Elder Jan Byvanck, Deacon 

Johannes Wendel, Elder Jacob Staets, Deacon 

Gerrit Reyersen, Elder Johannes de Wandelaer, Deacon- 

Dirck Wessels, Elder Jacob Lokermans, Deacon. 

Albany, the 31st of July 1690. 

Syistod of ]N^orth Holland at EisrcKHUYZEisr. 

1690, Aug. 10 et seq. 
Article 29. Labadists and Coelman. 
Ad Art. 27. Speaking of the Labadists and Coelman; (ex- 
tracts from) all the corresponding Synods were read ; also, all 
the Classes of this province were on their guard. In particular 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam related what efforts thev had made 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1005 


to induce their JSToble Estimable Burgomasters to oppose Coelman, 
and that they had met with a satisfactory response. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of Kingston to the Classis of Amsterdam, August 
30th, 1690. Extract, xxi. 334. 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen : — 

We have not the least doubt, but the ministers in this province 
have by their letters informed your Reverences of the death of our 
very worthy minister, Domine Weeksteen; also that his place has 
again been supplied by Domine Laurentius van den Bosch. But 
to our very gi-eat grief, we must say that he has, by his bad be- 
havior, caused more wickedness than edification. It would be too 
tedious, to go into details. Domine Dellius, who with others have 
been a Committee on this matter, can verbally inform your Rev- 
erences thereof. The business has taken such a shape that he has 
himself offered his resignation to the Consistory. This alone pre- 
vented a decision in his case. The said van den Bosch is still 
here, and occasionally preaches in some house; but this only 
causes disputes and alienations. There is a great breach in our 
church, and only God knows how it is to be healed. Domine 
Dellius has faithfully assisted us from time to time, and served 
our church to the best of his ability. We are sorry to learn, that 
his Reverence is now inclined to return hom.e. There are here 
now only three Dutch ministers, of whom one is very old and 
decrepit, and another will possibly remove. Although their Rev- 
erences are very well inclined to our congregation, their locations 
are too far off and too inconveniently situated, to permit them 
to come often to this place to hold service. Hence our church 
must languish and that at this time of sorrow when we require 
consolation more than ever ; for we are visited from without by 
the sword of the enemy, and at home we are experiencing several 

1006 Ecclesiastical Records 

violent diseases. What presses us besides all this general dis- 
tress, is, that in this as well as in other matters, we find our- 
selves not in a condition to ask your Reverences for a minister, 
for we are unable to send over the funds requisite for that pur- 
pose. If God would be pleased to bless the arms of our King so 
far that Canada might be conquered, and there is for this object 
a fleet of ships now on the way, we might live quietly in our 
respective places and be able to call a minister. We pray the 
Almighty, graciously to grant us all this, and send faithful labor- 
ers into the harvest. May he permit his richest blessing to rest 
upon your Reverences, while we remain, 

Reverend, Pious and Very Learned Gentlemen, 
Your Reverences obedient servants, 
Dirck Schepmoes, . Johannes Wynkoop, 

Jacop Artsen, Mattys Slecht, 

Wessel ten Broeck, ISTicklaes Roosevelt. 

Henricus Beeckman, 
the 30th of August, 1690. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Henry Selyns to the Classis of Amsterdam, Sept. 14, 1690. 
Extracts, xxi. 325-6; also in Murphy's Anthology, 115-117. 

'New York, Sept. 14, 1690. 

Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ : — 

Your favor of August 22, 1689, addressed to Domine Varick 
and myself, finally arrived, and greatly strengthened and com- 
forted us. Very soon (lit. to-day or to-morrow) we shall be 
still more encouraged by the sweet protection (suavegarde) of 
our King William and Queen Mary, who most probably have too 
much to do just now in England, to think of us over here. May 
the Lord bless their anointed Majesties, and make them ever 

OF THE State of New York. 1007 

more the strongholds and foster-parents of the Church and de- 
fenders of the faith. 

I wrote to the Classis last year and sent you by skipper Silke 
an Indian Bible with the Psalms (a copy of John Eliot's Indian 
Bible.) This was probably captured by the French and so never 
reached you. I had ordered it from Boston and paid for it, in 
order thus to give you a memento of my membership in your 
Classis for sixteen years. It shows how God, in order to convert 
the savages, speaks to them in their own savage language. But 
we must ourselves be careful lest we who are generally called 
Christians, may not in these evil days be turned back into 

Domine Laurentius Van den Bosch, who was called from Staten 
Island to the Esopus, we found it necessary to suspend from the 
ministry for drunkenness and incivility (onheuslyk;) but he still 
continues to preach and to drink. Unless your Reverences in 
your official capacity, (qualitate qua) sustain us — for we in our- 
selves are without authority and quite powerless — by censur- 
ing said Vanden Bosch in an open Classical letter sent to us, it 
may be expected that all things will decline, and the disintegra- 
tion of the Church continue. 

Domine Peter Tesschenmaker, minister at Schenectady, met 
with a great calamit3\ He and most of his church members were 
surprised at night, by a band of French and Indians, and all were 
massacred. The Domine's head was split open (by a tomahawk) 
and his body burned up to the shoulders. 

Domine Dellius, to his great praise, has been the means of 
converting some of the savages and has baptized them. He has 
now come down from New Albany (to ISTew York) in order to 
return to the Fatherland and give a detailed report of everything 
(the Leisler troubles) to the Classis. Domine Varick and myself 
have suffered more than can be believed and are forced to culti- 
vate patience. May the Lord in his Providence incline the hearts 
of their Majesties to send over some one to take charge of this 


1008 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

government who can heal the rupture, remove the cause of dis- 
sension, and tranquilize the community. Otherwise we have re- 
solved to relinquish everything and return to Holland ; or else, 
like Elias, hide ourselves in the wilderness, and administer the 
service of Christ ultra Garamantos et Indos. 

Remember us in your prayers in the Rev. Synods of South and 
North Holland; but especially in your letter to their Royal Majes- 
ties. They certainly will not allow the cat to be tossed to death 
('t katje zal doot gezolt) — that the Church of God should be 
turned topsy-turvey. Brethren (of the Classis) do you also pray 
for us. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. May the Lord bless 
you and your services, and sustain us all by his spirit in patience 
and forbearance. We would write more if our letters were not 
likely to be broken open, examined and detained, as they have 
been, contrary to the laws of all nations. Valete. 

Your Reverences' obedient brother, 

Henricus Selyns. 


AND Council to King William III ; Dated Fort William, 
ITew York, October 20, 1690. 

They state that this was the fourth time that they had written to the King, 
telling how they had preserved the Province of New York from internal violence 
and from foreign enemies. They also feared that they would fall short of ammu- 
nition, and begged that some might be sent. Their agent Captain Benj. Blagge 
would give particulars. This was signed by Leisler and eight members of his 
Council, P. De la Noy, Saml. Staat, J. Bruyn, Heud. Van Jansen, Robt. Lecock, 
Jac. Mauritz, Joh. Provoost, G. Duyckinck. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 751. 

LTnder the same date, Leisler and his Council wrote to the Earl of Shrewsbury 
a long letter, giving an account of what had passed between May 1st and October 
20, 1690. He stated that the New York and New England colonies had entered into 
treaty to operate together against the French in Canada, to start from Albany. 
At the same time there were to be attacks by sea. Some French vessels had been 
captured with considerable booty. The New England soldiers wanted Major Gen- 
eral Winthrop to lead them. Massachusetts failed to send her quota. Winthrop 
arrived at Albany with about one hundred and thirty five men, but he slighted 
Leisler's officers. He took up quarters in Robert Livingston's house, but difficulties 
arose between them. Leisler describes Livingston as being one of the principal 
instruments of all the evils existing, and a pi-incipal actor in protesting against the 
Supremacy of William III in the Province. He demanded the surrender of Liv- 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1009 

iugston, but this was refused. Winthrop proceeded towards Canada with a small 
force and gained some advantages over the French. The letter proceeds in the 
following strain in reference to the Dutch Domines: 

■' Upon Notice of their return to Albany againe, the Lieutenant Governor posted 
forthwith to Albany, questioning the said Major, (who made no defence), Securing 
severall of the Chief Actors herein, falling out at such a time when the Five Nacons 
sent a great number of Indians to make proposals, who desired their liberty; and 
by them being esteemed a great obligacon thereupon were dismissed. The Major, 
on termes that he should return to New York to make his Defence which is not 
yet done, neither is it probable that he ever will: (But my Lord wee cannott omit 
to give an account of a more than ordinary Actor herein one Domine Dellius, a 
Cockaran Minister, at Albany, aforesaid, who ever inveighed against the Prince of 
Orange and despighted his Dignities: upon notice of this happy Revolucion, 
preached to his party (the Convencion) the legality of the Authority set up by 
King James, and that all the orders, Commissions etc. granted by Coll; Dongan, 
(though an Irish Papist), were authentiq: and to remaine in force, asserting that 
the present King, and was not to superintend them, questioning the legality of 
his proceedings, refusing to solemnize a day of thanksgiving for the deliverance, 
and another of humiliacon: shutting his door when their Majesties were after- 
wards proclaimed supream Lord and Lady of this Province, hectoring his Con- 
sistory, making himself supream Judge of those things, saying he is Priest, advo- 
cate and soldier, being Principall of Major Winthropes Councill, promoting such 
who protested against Proclaiming their said Majesties when their orders came; 
corresponding with the Jesuits in Canada as appears by a certain letter written by 
one of that Society (which our Agent Captaine Blagge can produce). 

Since our said Lieutenant Governor's returne. having secured that with two hun- 
dred soldiers in Garrison (for maintenance whereof the Assembly hath granted a 
tax of 3d P lb to be levied in January ^nd March next), the said Domine finding his 
designs thereby frustrated, hath left his people and shifted into New Jersey, from 
thence to darke Corners of Long Island, proclaiming himself persecuted for mat- 
ters of conscience, when no other violence hath beene offered than the guilt within 
him; associating himself with another like himself Domine Varick, who for his 
treasonable crimes is secured to answere it the next Court of Oyer and Terminer. 
The said Dellius is fled to Boston, in order to go to England, having obtained cer- 
tificates from their Party to render things otherwise than in truth they are, which 
we hope in duo time to manifest, to be necessary service to the King and to the 
Government. The circumstances and particulars are such and so numerous that we 
dare not press your Lordshipp with them: wherefore crave your favor and counte- 
nance to our Agent aforementioned who will represent (us) hitherto, God be 
thanked. We conceive ourselves in a good posture to defend ourselves, and may be 
without peril if those of Boston prosecute their designs (as well given out) for Sea 
by Cubecq. if otherwise wee must add to our forces at Albany, dayly beating up 
for volunteers, and shall take care to supplyes of Ammunicon, though wee are 
reduced to a narrow Stock, considering the war, if His Majesty hath not allready 
or doth not speedily supply us; having but 7000 li powder in the Fort for the service 
of thirty seven Guns, and a new Battery below it of six Guns, and 2000 li Powder 
for the Towne being forty six Guns, wishing as many more of 16L or 24L Calaber 
these at present being too small, all which wee now most earnestly entreat your 
Lordship to move his Majesty in our behalf and as the case requires. 

Praying God to bless their Majesties and your Honor craving a charitable opinion 
of our Endeavors ". 

We subscribe My Lord, 

Jacob Leisler. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 751-3. 


1010 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Kev. Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, written from 
Boston, Feb. 17, 1691. Extract, xxi. 333. 

Very dear Gentlemen : — 

I do not know, w^hether the letters, which I, and other minis- 
ters in this Province, have privately written to you, about the 
pitiful state of the churches in the Province of ]*^ew York, in 
general, and of the Ministers in particular, have ever been re- 
ceived by you, because so many ships have been taken by the 
French. Lacking copies .of said letters, your Reverences may 
judge of our affairs, and especially of the measures adopted by 
me, after reading the enclosed address of the French Protestants 
to his Majesty, and the copy of my letter to Mr. van Suylestein, 
Master of the horse to the King. 

Gentlemen, after I had, with my family, arrived overland at 
Boston, by a very difficult journey in the month of January, and 
while I was preparing to go by way of England to Holland in a 
ship then ready to sail, news was received that the (new) Gov- 
ernor of the Province of IsTew York (Sloughter) was on the coast, 
and that part of his soldiers had already been landed, and that 
he had taken possession of the fort, and released Domine Varick 
with other prisoners. Several gentlemen from (ISTew) York, who 
on account of the persecutions had retreated here (to Boston), 
requested me, to let the ship sail, and to return to the churches 
in said Province. Especially the minister of Boston, having 
learned of the work begun by me of converting the savages (near 
Albany) tried to persuade me by the most touching arguments 
that I should not discontinue that work. He also remonstrated 
with me, that it was not just for me to bear all the expenses (of 
that work with the Indians), neither was it possible for me to 
do so. I allowed myself at last to be persuaded, and provision- 
ally to return to ISTew York to learn what means might be em- 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 1011 


ployed for continuing this great and pious work, either by the 
Governor, or by the church there. For more than sixteen months 
I have scattered among the heathen both spiritual and temporal 
comforts. I found that temporal things could not be put out 
at better interest than to gain souls. But I must confess, that 
I have not sufficient means. My yearly salary is not quite one 
thousand florins, and is not large enough to enable me to con- 
tinue. The church at Albany is somewhat impoverished and will 
no longer be in a position, to give so much as formerly. To ask 
for subsidy from the Crown of England is generally too slow a 
way; to have recourse to your Reverences when this country is 
no longer dependent on the Netherlands, might be considered 
impertinent, if not unjust. I know, that under these circum- 
stances there is nothing more assured than to devote myself en- 
tirely to you, and meanwhile quietly to await heaven's decrees 
regarding myself and all my service. If I should remain in the 
Province of ISTew York for some time, I shall send you the con- 
fession of the converts, or else hand them to you myself, if com- 
pelled to return home. I shall continue to pray the Almighty 
that he will please to bless abundantly, your persons, and your 
services. I remain with great respect and himiility. 
Dear Sirs, 

Your obedient and humble servant, 

Godfridus Dellius. 
Boston, the ITth of February 


Herewith the letters from the 

churches at Albany and at the Esopus. 


1012 Ecclesiastical Records 

MARCH 19, 1691-JULY 23, 1691. 

The Test Act. 1691. 

Altliough the Test Act was enacted in 1673, it was not intro- 
duced into i^ew York until 1691, witli Governor Slougliter. It is 
as follows : 

I, A. B do soleinnlv and sincerely in the presence of God, 

profess, testifie and declare, that I do believe that in the Sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper there is not any transubstantiation of the ele- 
ments of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ, at or 
after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever ; and that 
the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary or any other saint, 
and the sacrifice of the Mass, as they are now used in the Church 
of Rome, are superstitious and idolatrous. And I do solemnly in 
the presence of God, profess, testifie and declare, that I do make 
this declaration and every part thereof in the plain and ordinary 
sense of the M^ords read unto me, as they are commonly under- 
stood by English Protestants, without any evasion or mental reser- 
vation whatsoever, and without any dispensation already granted 
me for this purpose by the Pope or any person whatsoever, or 
without any hope of such dispensation from any person or au- 
thority whatsoever ; or without thinking I am or can be acquitted 
before God or man, or absolved of this declaration, or any part 
thereof, although the Pope or any other person or persons or 
power whatsoever should dispense with or annul the same, or de- 
clare that it was null and void from the beginning. 

ISTote. Origin of the Test Act, March 29, 1673, and the causes 
of its introduction in ISTew York, in 1691. 

On account of the Roman tendencies of Charles II., Parliament 
attached the Test Act to a certain supply bill, and the King was 

OF THE State of New York, 1013 


obliged to assent to it, or lose the revenue. This Act appHed only 
to England, Wales, Berwick, Jersey and Guernsey, and continued 
in force until 1829. It compelled James, the Duke of York, and 
brother of the King to resign all his offices in England, but it 
did not apply to his proprietorship of New York, as the Ameri- 
can plantations were not named in his bill. 

Charles II. had no legitimate children, and his brother James 
was the prospective heir to the throne. But his two daughters 
had been brought up as Protestants, and public opinion having 
an interest in a Protestant succession, (for James had not yet a 
son) compelled him to give his daughters in marriage to Protest- 
ant princes, — ^^lai'y, to William of Orange, and Anne, to prince 
George of Denmark. As the doing of this had tided Charles 11. 
over the crisis, the King arbitrarily annulled the Test Act in its 
application to his brother James, and he was restored to some of 
his offices in England without taking this oath. This startled the 
nation. Meantime James, in order to facilitate his Catholic co- 
religionists in America, had given full liberty of conscience there 
to all parties. When James became King in 1685, he arbitrarily 
annulled the Test Act in England on his own authority. This 
was one of the causes which brought on the Revolution of 1688, 
and placed William and Mary on the throne of England. Know- 
ing that there would not at that crisis be any special objection 
thereto, William in his Commission and Instructions to Gov. 
Sloughter in 1691, directed him to require all officials in New 
York to subscribe the Test Act. The subsequent anti-Roman 
legislation in New York was a natural development therefrom. 
See the Law of Aug. 9, 1700, against Jesuits, etc. 

Council Journal, New York. 

1691, April 10. 

1. Ministerial Maintenance Bill. Governor Henry Sloughter 
proposed to the Council (to introduce) ''An Act for ministers in 
every town, and their Maintenance. Council Journal, 1 ; not 

1014 Ecclesiastical Records 

From the Journal of the Assembly, ISTew York. — 1691, April 
17 ; page 6. Resolved, That the imprisoning of their Majesties 
protestant subjects into doleful and nauseous prisons, and their 
keeping them bv force and violence, without any commandment or 
assignment of any legal cause, was arbitrary and illegal, and against 
the dignity of their Majesties crown in England, and a violation of 
the rights and privileges of their Majesties loyal subjects inhabiting 
within their Majesties provinces. 

Resolved, That the proscribing and forcing their Majesties 
protestant subjects to flee their habitations and forsake the care 
of their families, by which the strength of this province was much 
weakened, was arbitrary, illegal and destructive of their Majes- 
ties interest in this province. 

Resolved, That the depredations made by the Erench and In- 
dians upon Schenectady, by which many of their Majesties sub- 
jects were destroyed and their houses burned, are only to be attrib- 
uted to dis and disturbances of those who had usurped 

a power contrary to their Majesties authority and the right of 
government over this province. 

(Similar resolutions about tlie seizure of goods, orders of money, 
raising of forces, and refusal to surrender.) 

1691, April 18. "A Bill for settling the Ministry, and allot- 
ting a Maintenance for them, in every Respective City and Town 
that Consists of Forty Families and upwards ". 

(This would have included Albany, Kingston, Schenectady, etc. 
Compare '' Ministry Act ", 1693.) 

Journal of ISTotes and Proceedings of General Assembly, 1764. 
i. 30-34. 

Answer to the Memorial Presented by Capt. Blagge, to 
THE King in Favor of Leisler. 

(Ap. 27, 1691.) 

The notion of the Dutch plott cannot be applicable to Leisler and his adherents; 
the much greater part of Albany which wholly consists of Dutch people, and all 
the men of best repute for religion, estatte, and integrity of the Dutch nacon, 
throughout the whole Province, having alwaies been manifestly against Leisler 
and his society, in all their illegall and irregular proceedings. 

OF THE State of jS^ew York. 1015 

I find, that Jacob Leisler a man of desperate fortune, ambitiously did assume 
unto himself the title of Lieutenant-Governor of this Province of New York, and 
chose a councel of ye meanest and most abject common people; made to himself a 
Broad Seale, which he called ye Scale of ye Province, with ye usuall armes of 
Kings of England; and affixed the same to some unlawful graunts of land within 
this Province; and commissionated under ye same Justices of ye Peace, in whose 
hartes were mischief. He constituted Courts of Oyer and Terminer, and tryed 
severall subjects for pretended treason, murther and other crimes. He taxed and 
levied monney upon their Majesties subjects to their grievous oppression and great 
impoverishment. When he wanted more monney for his occasions, he forcebly 
robbed and spoiled, broke open doors and locx were he guissed it was to be found, 
and carried away to ye valine of some thousands of pounds in money or goods; 
and all this against the best Protestant subjects in the Province. He imprisoned 
whom he feared, without any other cause than that their integrity to ye Protestant 
interest, and fidelity to their Majesties, became a terroire to him; some of them 
after a tedious couflgnment, without collour of law, he whipt and branded; and 
some he kept in duresse so long as he held ye fort. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 764-5. 

Journal of Assembly^, New York. — 1691, May 1st; page 9. 
Information was given that Dally (Daille), the French minister, 
had received a petition, signed by several of the inhabitants of 
Harlem and Westchester. Daille was summoned to appear before 
the House and give information. He appeared, and was asked 
through an interpreter, whether he had such a paper. He refuses 
to give any information. He was committed for contempt until 
he should answer. In the afternoon he said that he had received 
such a paper, but his wife had burned it, etc. He was discharged 
after paying certain fines. 

1691, May 1, page 10. A bill for the settling of a ministry was 
read the first time. Kot answering the intent of the House, it was 
rejected. Another Bill ordered to be brought in. 

1691, May 5, page 10. An Act for Ministers in every town 
and their maintenance. 

1691, May 6, page 11. Petition of Dallius, French minister, 
w^as read. Ordered that Rev. Selyns and Varick, ministers of the 
Dutch Churches, and the Elders of the French Church within 
this city (jSTew York) examine the allegations and report to this 

Journal of Council, Kew York. — 1691, May 12. Henry 
Sloughter, Governor, A Bill declaring what are the rights and 


1016 Ecclesiastical Records 

privileges of their Majesties subjects inhabiting within this Prov- 
ince of ]Srew York. Assented unto by the Governor and Council, 
with these amendments : 

(Fourth) In the clause concerning liberty of conscience — 
Provided always that nothing herein mentioned or contained, shall 
extend to give liberty for any persons of the Romish religion, to 
exercise their manner of worship contrary to the laws and statutes 
of their majesties Kingdom of England. Council Journal, 3. 

1691, May 13. Richard Ingoldesby, Governor. A Bill to ease 
people that are scrupulous in swearing. Passed. Council Jour- 
nal, 10. 

The Law as Passed. 

" No Person or Persons which profess Faith in God by Jesus Christ, his only 
Son, shall at any time be any way molested, punished, disturbed, disquieted, or 
called in question for any Difference of Opinion, or matter of Religious Concern- 
ment, who do not under that pretence disturb the Civil Peace of the Province, etc. 
And that all and every such Person and Persons may from time to time, and at all 
times hereafter, freely have and fully enjoy his or their Opinion, Persuasions and 
Judgements in matters of Conscience and Religion throughout all this Province; and 
freely meet at convenient places within this Province, and tliere worship according 
to their respective Persuasions, without being hindered or molested, they behaving 
themselves peaceably, quietly, modestly, and Religiously, and not using this liberty 
to Licentiousness, nor to the civil Injury or outward Disturbance of others. 
Always Provided, That nothing herein mentioned or contained shall extend to give 
liberty to any persons of the Romish Religion to exercise their manner of worship, 
contrary to the Laws and Statutes of their Majesty's Kingdom of England ". — 
Bradford's Laws, p. 4, Ed. 1710. 

(Compare with Law of Charter of Liberties, October 30, 1683; but which was 
vetoed by James, as King in 1685.) 

Leisler's Speech at the Gallows. 

1691, 16 May. 

The great, wise and omnipotent creator of all things, visible and invisible, who, 
from the time of our first coming ashore in this vale of tears, misery and affliction, 
hath to this present moment protected us, be magnified, praised and glorified 
forever. Amen. 

Gentlemen and Brethren: — I hope, through the grace and fear of the Lord Jesus, 
that we are not insensible of our dying condition; but like penitent mortals we 
submit our lives and all that appertains to us, into the hands of divine protection, 
prostrating ourselves before the foot-stool of that immaculate Lamb of God who 
taketh away the sins of the world; hoping that, through His meritorious death, our 
iniquities may be done away with, and our pardons sealed on earth before we go 
hence; humbly imploring that not through our own merits of justification, but 
through the merit of Him that is willing to save our souls, we may become precious 
in the eyes of God, and live forever in the Kingdom of Eternal Glory, when time 
shall be no more. 

It is true that we have, at the request of the principal part of the inhabitants of, 
this Province, and in opposition to the wishes of our families, taken in hand great 
and weighty matters of state, requiring, it is true, more wise, cunning and powerful 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 1017 

pilots than either of us could claim to be; but considering that in the time of this 
distracted country's greatest necassity, no person could be found, that were in any 
capacity of uniting us against a common enemy, who would take the helm — we, 
for the glory of the Protestant interest, the establishment of the present govei-n- 
ment, and the strengthening of the country against all foreign attempts, thought 
it a serviceable act that onr poor endeavors should not be wanting in anything that 
was needful. 

We will not deny that many excesses have been committed, oftentimes against 
our will, between the time of our undertaking and the arrival of Governor 
Sloughter; and oftentimes we wished, during our unhappy abode in power, to see 
a period put to the distracted affairs such as then were raging, and perhaps as to 
some of which we were not faultless. Of such as we have injured, we humbly beg 
forgivness, desiring them every one, with Christian charity, to bury all malice in 
our graves. And here, before God and the world, we do declare, as dying sinners, 
that we not only forgive the greatest and most inveterate of our enemies, but ac- 
cording to the pattern of our dying Savior, we say ' Father forgive them, for they 
know not what they do.' So far from revenge do we depart this world, that we 
require and make it our dying request to all our relations and friends, that they 
should, in time to come, be forgetful of any injury done to us or either of us; so 
that, on both sides, the discord and dissension (which was created by the devil in 
the beginning) may, with our ashes, be buried in oblivion, never more to rise up 
for the trouble of future posterity. The Lord grant that the offering of our blood 
may be a full satisfaction for all the disorders to this time committed, and that, 
forever after, the spirit of imity may remain among our brethren on earth. 

All that for our dying comfort we can say, concerning the point for which we 
are condemned is to declare, as our last words, before that God whom we hope 
before long to see, that our sole aim and object in the conduct of the government 
was to maintain the interest of our sovereign lord and lady, and the Reformed 
Protestant Churches in these parts. If there be any that think otherwise, (as 
from scandalous reports and misrepresentations we must believe there are,) we 
shall not trouble them with many arguments, being persuaded that every good 
Protestant of this country, who has been acquainted with our transactions, can, 
from his conscience, aver the falsehood and maliciousness of such aspersions. As 
for Major Ingoldsby's coming to demand the garrison after his arrival, had he, but 
in the least, produced any testimonial of his authority to receive the same and 
discharge us, we would as readily have delivered the fort as he could ask it; but 
as these things are past and gone, they are not worth noting. 

The Lord, of his infinite mercy, preserve the King and Queen from traitors and 
deceitful enemies; God be merciful unto, and bless with peace and unity these their 
kingdoms, unto which we belong; God preserve this Province from enemies abroad 
and spiteful wretches at home; God bless the Governor of this place; God bless the 
Council, Assembly and Government now established, that they may all be united to 
propagate their Majesty's interest, the country's good, and the establishment of 
piety. The Lord of heaven, of his infinite mercy, bless all that wish well to Zion, 
and convert those that are out of the way; let his mercies likewise administer true 
comfort to all that are desolate, grieved, oppressed, in misery or other afflictions, 
especially the souls of that poor family unto which we formerly belonged. Our 
only comfort in this case is that God has promised to take care of the widows and 
the fatherless. Recommending them all, this dying moment, into the hands of one 
that is able and willing to save those that seek him; desiring them to put their, 
perpetual confidence in the mercies of one that never faileth, and not to weep for 
us that are departing to our God; but rather to weep for themselves that are here 
behind us, to remain in a state of misery and trouble. 

Gentlemen, you will all, I hope, Christian-like, be charitable to our distressed 
families that are to remain with you. Join with us in the prayer for the preserva- 
tion of our immortal souls in a kingdom of never dying glory, unto which, God, in 
his infinite mercy, bring us all. Amen. Amen. — Valentine's New York, pp. 205-208. 



1018 Ecclesiastical Records 

Propositions of the Christian Mohawks to Governor 


Propositions made by the praying Indians of the three Tribes or races of the 
Maquass, to His Excellency Coll. Henry Sloughter Capt. General and Governor in 
Cheife of the Province of New Yorke and the Honourable Councill, and to the 
Mayor and Aldermen of the Citty of Albany in the Citty Hall the 26th day of 
May 1691. 

Present — His Excellency the Governor Dirck Wessels, Recorder 

Coll. Joseph Dudley , Jan Becker 

Coll. Thomas Willet Evert Banker 

Coll. Stephen Van Cotirtland Claes Ripse 

Capt. William Pinhorne Jan Bleeker 

William Nicholls Gerrit Ryerse 

Major Peter Schuyler, Mayor Eghbert Teunise, Aldermen 

Brother Corlaer, 

We Maquase of the three races or Tribes of our Country being praying Indians, 
are come to see you and are glad to see a Governor come from our Great King of 
England; we are sensible of the great hazard and danger you have undergone to 
come to us, and if any of your men dyed upon the voyage by the cold season of the 
yeare and badd weather, wee desire that the tears for their death may be wiped 
off, and that you may not be troubled or grieved at it but look upon us with a 
good and clear eye, meaning a good heart. Give three fathom of wampum. 

Brother Corlaer, Wee are extreamly rejoyced to see your Excellency and the 
Gentlemen of the Council safe arrived here and to see the Mayor and Aldermen 
conviend with you in this house, wee are not commissionate by the Sachims of our 
Nation to treat of publick affairs but being praying Indians and your children, think 
ourselves obliged to congratulate your safe arrival in a speciall manner, and bid 
your Excellency heartily welcome. Do give a Beaver and an Otter. 

Father Corlaer, Wee are extreamly obliged to your Excellency and do returne you 
our hearty thanks for restoreing to us our Minister Domine Godeuridus Dellius, we 
were very sorry that he was forced to leave us in the late troubles, wee hope that 
your Excellency will for the future take an especial care, that we may be in- 
structed in the Christian Religion for the weake and faint setting forward of that 
great worke hitherto among us, has occasioned our Brethren to be drawn out of our 
Country to the French by their Preists. Doe give a Beaver and an Otter. 

Father Corlaer, We do againe congratulate your Excellency's safe arrival, and are 
glad to see you and the Mayor and Aldermen convened together; our earnest request 
and desire is, that you will take great care we may be instructed in the Christian 
Religion; we are fully resolved to settle ourselves at Tionondoroge* (a place fifty 
six miles above Albany) and pray that we may have ministers to instruct us as the 
French send Preists to instruct their Indians; yea they are so zealous in their way 
that they send their Priests to teach the Indians quite to Dionondade which is 
three hundred Leagues above Canada. Doe give two Beavers. 

Father Corlaer, The Great God of Heaven has opened our eyes, that we discerne 
the difference betwixt Christianity and Paganism, and by means of the authority 
here, we have partaken of that benefltt to be instructed in the Religion of the 
Great King of England that is thef Protestant Religion, wherein we are instructed 
already. Doe give two Beavers. 

* Now known as Fort Hunter. Montgomery county. See New York Documentary 
History, 8vo., iii., 902. 

t " True Christian Religion, and we Desyre and Pray the Continuation of it, that 
we may be instructed in the " — follows here in the copy of this document in New 
York Colonial Manuscripts, xxxvii. 

OF THE State of xs'ew York. 1019 

Father Corlaer, We would make your Excellency a considerable present, that we 
are able, we .are soldiers and do present yon with that wherewith we adorne our- 
selves, when we goe out to warr (that is a Pouch made of Porkepibe quills) and 
desire that your Excellency will be pleased to accept of that ornament as come 
from your chuldren. 

A true Copy examined pr. 
, Robert Livingstone. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 771, 772. 

Answer of Governor Sloughter to the Christian Mohawks, 

His Excellency's answer to the propositions made by the Maquase praying 
Indians. Albany the 26th day of May Anno 1691. 

Children. I am heartily glad to see and receive so many of the praying Indians 
who acknowledge themselves Children of the Government of the Great King of 
England, I shall always account them as such, and treat them accordingly. 

I was very well pleased with Domine Dellius, your minister was still at Boston 
not yet removed out of the Country whome I sent for and came to me at New 
York, and was willing to return for your sakes. I hope I have already (so well) 
provided for him here, that will encourage his attendance upon, and putting for- 
ward of that good work in his hand, but above all encouragements I recommend 
your obedience and observance of his Ministry as the greatest. 

I am contented at your settlement at the place called Tionondorage as you pro- 
pose, and as you are at present instructed here at Albany, so In time, I doubt not 
but such care shall be had that you may be supplyed with Instruction at your own 

I am very well pleased that the understanding in Religion is so farr advanced 
that you cannot only distinguish between the Christian Religion and Paganism but 
also between the Reformed Religion and that of the Romans; I hope your Minister 
will take care further to instruct you in the Religion of our Great Protestant King 
whome I will acquaint with this your present application; as for your apologize for 
your small present was needless, 'tis your good heart that only acceptable to me. 
Was given them: one dozen stockings, six shirts, three baggs of powder, sixteen 
barrs of lead, thirty gul: strung wampum, three Runletts Rumm. (three rolls of 
Tobacco) and privately to the Cheife men some Coats of Duffells. 

A true copy examined by Robert Livingstone. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 772. 

Governor Sloughter's Address to the Five Nations. 

Propositions made by his Excellency Coll. Henry Sloughter Capt. Generall and 
Governor in Cheife of the Province of New York and the honourable Council in the 
presence of the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Albany and the Justices of the 
said County to the Maquass, Oneydes, Onnondages, Cayouges and Sinnekes, in 
the Citty Hall of Albany the first day of June, in the third yeare of theire 
Majesties Reigne Annoq Domini 1691. 


The Brethren may remember that they were strictly charged by the former 
Governours of this Place, not to treat with the common Enemy, without particular 
orders from this Government which now again I must in an especfall manner 
recommend unto you to observe the more because their Jesuits are too subtile for 
you and always endeavour to deceive you as they have lately done, some of our 
Indians which they have drawne over to their owne Religion and Country. 

I must acquaint the Brethren, that it was very unpleasant news to me, which 
was told me at Schenectady two dayes ago, by the poor distressed Inhabitants of 
that village, how that some of the Brethren have burnt and destroyed several of 
their deserted houses and barnes, and have killed their horses. Cattle, Hogs and 


1020 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

Poultry in the woods, left by the Enemy, which is an uncharitable act and ought 
to be enquired into and for the future prevented and remedied. — Col. Docs. N. Y. 
iii. 773. 

Answer of the Eive ]!^atioxs to Gov. Sloughtee's Address. 

Answer of the Oneydes, Onnondages, Cayouges and Sinnekes Sachims to the 
proposal of His Excellency Coll. Henry Sloughter Captain Generall and Governor 
in Cheife of the Province of New Yorke in the Citty Hall of Albany the 2nd day 
of June in the third yeare of their Majesties Reigne Annoq Domini 1691. 

We have been informed by our Forefathers that in former times a Ship arrived 
here in this Country which was a matter of great admiration to us, especially our 
desire was to know what was within her Belly. In that Ship were Christians, 
amongst the rest one Jaques with whom we made a Covenant of friendship, which 
covenant hath since been tied together with a chaine and always ever since kept 
inviolable by the brethren and us, in which Covenant it was agreed that whoever 
should hurt or prejudice, the one should be guilty on injuring all, all of us being 
comprehended in one common league. Doe give four pieces of Beaver. 

You have enjoyned us to be obedient and dutiful, we have never been wanting in 
our parts, we have shewed our readiness, when our Brethren of Schenectady were 
destroyed, by immediately girding ourselves and pursuing of the Enemy, and we 
four Nations have positively concluded to prosecute the warr with all vigour as 
you order us, as long as we live and never speake of peace without the common 
consent, for we are all one heart one head one scalp which never is to be sepa- 
rated, we four Nations have no hand in any treaty or Correspondence with the 
French or their Indians but abhorr the same, and we desire that our Brethren the 
Christians keep no correspondence with them by letters or otherwise. Doe give 
five Beavers. 

Lastly we recom.mend to your Excellency and the Gents of Albany Hilliken the 
Interpreter who doth good service for the publick and is our mouth and ears; take 
her as the daughter, and provide for her that she may not want since she is sa 
serviceable both, to us and to you, and we recommend her to mind her business 
well and to interprett a right as well on your Excellency's side as on ours. Doe 
give her four ps. Beavers. 

A true copy examined pr. Robert Livingstone. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 774-777. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Rev. Selyns from Xew Netherland. 

1691, Jime Sth. 

Rev. Doreslaar read a letter from Rev. Selyns, written in (lit. 
out of) ]^ew JSTetherland, stating that Rev. Laurence van den 
Bosch, who had been called from Staten Island to Aesopus had 
been deposed from his ministerial office by them, on account of his 
drunkenness and immoralities. He refused, however, to submit 
himself to this censure, and in the meantime continued in his 

OF THE State of JSTew York. 1021 

drunkenness and immoralities, and this brought a blot on the 
ministry of the Gospel. He also said that the state of the church 
there was in great decline; that it seemed as if everything would 
go to destruction, unless a higher power take care of the welfare 
of these churches, and proper order be reestablished. He re- 
quested therefore, that the Rev. Classis would lend a hand in this 
business, that the church order be not entirely trodden under foot. 
The Assembly, after discussing this matter, resolved that the 
Deputati ad res Maritimas examine the Acta of the churches of 
Xew Motherland, to discover whether more light may not appear 
therein, regarding the government of those churches since they 
came under English rule; and to take action in accordance with 
the situation of affairs, viii. 102, 103 ; xix. 243. 

Classis of Amsteedam. 
• . Acts of the Deputies. 

ISTew N"etherland. 

1691, June 27th. 

The Classis directed us to examine the back Acta in regard 
to the passing of censure upon a minister in l^ew JSTetherland. 
Having done this we find no instance that the Classis of Amster- 
dam has had any hand in such business ; but we did find that a 
minister, Rev. Tesschenmaker had been dismissed by the Magis- 
trates of ISTew Albany; and a schoolmaster on Long Island had 
been deported (deposed) by the Consistory of the Dutch villages, 
without having asked the approval of the Classis thereto, xxi. 

Rev. Me. Hubbard's Petition. 

To his Excellency Colonel Henry Sloughter Governor of the Province of New 
York, under their Royall Majesties Kings William and Queen Mary, etc. 

The humble petition of Jeremiah Hobard Minister of Hempsted, on Long Island 
in Queens County in the Province aforesaid. 

Humbly sheweth: — • 

That your petitioner haveing for these last eight years, and upwards, upon the 
call and agreement with the people of Hempsted, to bee their Minister, Laboured 
amongst them in that holy function, but am much afflicted for want of that stipend 



1022 Ecclesiastical Records 

annually promised, and not duly payd, whereby your poor petitioner's self and 
family sustaynes great sufferings and wants to the both weakening his hands and 
discouraging his heart in the sayd work, and indeed cannot longer continew with- 
out some help and relief from your Excellency I doe therefore humbly crave your 
Excellency's succour and Relief in the premises, that a course and method may be 
used, so as all areareages may be payd and the burden of the future alleviated, 
that the gospel may have incouragement, etc. So your humble petitioner shall pray 
as in all duty bound. Ever your Excellency's to serve in all things to utmost 
power etc. 

New York, July 3, 1691. 

Governor Sloughter's Order on the Above. 
Mr. Jonathan Smith 

& Mr. Ffrancis Chappell: 

I understand by Mr. Jeremiah Hobart the Minister of Hempsled, that his annuall 
maintenance from ye inhabitants of ye said town is not duly paid in unto him 
according to ye agreement and former Method of ye town and that ye Rates for ye 
last and former years are in your hands, I am also informed that you are ye sworn 
Constables and Collectors in ye said town I therefore desire and direct you that all 
care be taken for ye Collection and payment of what is due to ye said Mr. Hubbard 
according to ye usuall Methods unless you have anything to offer to ye Contrary 
and let it be done forthwith the said Mr. Hubbard Complaining of great Necessity, 
I am your friend.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. la. 123, 124. 


Copy letter to Smith & Chappell. 

Death of Gov. Slougiitee. 

" Governor Sloughter died, July 23, 1G91, two months after the execution of the 
unfortunate Leisler. He was succeeded by Benjamin Fletcher, who arrived in New 
York, August 29, 1692. Under this Governor, Trinity Church came into existence, 
and iiere the record of the annals of the venerable parish begins ". — Dix, 75. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1023 

ARD I^^GOLDESBY. JULY 26, 1691-AUG. 29, 1692. 

The Commander-in-Chief and Council of ISTew York to Mr. 


, New York, August 6th 1691. 


We must acquaint you tliat on the 23rd Instant (July, 1691) His Excellency Coll. 
Sloughter our Governor departed this life in a very suddain manner, whose body 
we caused to be opened by the Phisetians and Chururgeans on the place; a copy of 
whose report to us upon their oaths we have herewith sent you, by which you will 
see their opinion concerning the cause of his death. The Lord Governor was at the 
time of his death preparing to give the Lords Commissioners for Plantacons, an 
account of the state and condicon of this Province, and hee being prevented by this 
unexpected accident we think it a duty incumbent upon us to render their Lord- 
ships and yourselfe the best relation of afCairs we are capable of. 

The inclosed Narrative will inform you of the resistance made by Jacob Leisler 
and his associates to Major Ingoldsby and the King's forces on the Governor's 
arrival here on the 19th of March last. Hee found the country all iu armes, 
Leisler with near four hundred men in the fort fireing upon the towne, where he 
killed and wounded severall of the people. After he had published his commission 
he sent Major Ingoldsby to demand the surrender of the Fort, which was flattly 
denyed. However Leisler sent one Stoll who knew the Governor in England, to see 
if he was really come. Upon his return to Leisler, the Governor sent a second' 
summons, which was likewise refused, and then Leisler sent two of his principall 
counsellors Milborne and Delanoy to capitulate; which would not be admitted and 
they were ordered immediately to be secured. The next day he sent to demand 
the prisoners, but the Governor would not receive their message, resolving to attaq 
the Fort by sea and land, having ordered the man of warr to go and ly at the 
back of the Fort and Major Ingoldsby to march with the King's forces to the Fort 
gate and make a peremptory demand of a surrender, otherwise would assault them. 
They then did admitt Major Ingoldsby to enter alone, who by the Governor's order 
required them immediately to ground their arms and march out of the Fort, and 
they all should be pardoned except Leisler and his Council; who they readyly for- 
sook. The Major thereupon commanded the King's forces to enter, and brought 
Leisler and his Council to the Governor at the Citty Hall, they being found in 
actual rebellion the Governor with advice of the Councill committed them to 
prison, and ordered a commission of Oyer and Terminer to be issued out for their 
legall tryall; where two were acquitted by their country, viz. Delanoy and Edsall, 
six convict by their country, and two, Leisler and Milborne condemned as mute. 
The Governor took care the persons appointed to set on their tryall should be such 
as were most capable of discerneing the truth and the least prejudiced to those 
people; who indeed executed their commission with all the lenity and patience 
imaginable. By the advice of the Judges Governor was inclined to reprieve them 
untill His Majesties pleasure should be known, but the people were so much dis- 
turbed thereat, and the Council and Assembly did represent to him the great 
damage it would be to the King's service and a discouragement to future loyalty 
if the law was not executed upon the two principall actors, which for the public 
peace he was induced to do, and on the 17th of May Leisler and Milbourne were 
accordingly executed, haveing respited all the sentence, saveing the hanging and 
separating their heads from their bodies. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 794. 



1024 Ecclesiastical Records 

Address of the Goveri^or and Council of Xew York to the 


The Humble Address of the Governor and Council of your Majesty's Province of 
New York and Dependencys. 


They then describe the flrst settlement of the country; the political changes; the 
several towns; the importance of uniting Connecticut, New York, New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania, under one government, to save revenue and expense; and then con- 
tinues as follows: 

May it please your Most Excellent Majesty: 

This is the state of your Majesties Province with relation to our neighbors Your 
Majesty's subjects. There is likewise the French, formerly under the pretence of 
propagateing the Christian faith amongst the Indians, did thereby very much 
incroach upon Your Majesty's right on this side of the Lake, and particularly did 
draw away many of our Indians into Canada, under the notion of supplying them 
with priests to instruct them in the Christian Religion; by which means they 
lessened our hunting much, and has so weakened the Maquase nation, that they are 
not capable to do your Majesty the service as formerly. Besides they are so 
afCected to the French Your Majesties enemys, that while they are in being we cann 
have no safety. Since the war the French priests have retired from their Castles 
and the Dutch Minister at Albany hath been very successful in converting many of 
them to the true religion, in which they are very devout and desirous to have a 
ministry settled amongst them for their pious comfort and instruccon. This would 
be a great advantage to your Majesty not only in the encrease of your revenue but 
also so endear the Indians to us, that they would continue to be the preservacon 
of this and the rest of your Majesty's adjacent Colony; these nations being the 
strongest and most terrible amongst the Indians, are the only bullwarke and wall 
of defence both against other Indians and the French pretences, which we are 
dayly threatened with, being informed that they intend with considerable force of 
themselves and the Ottawawes Indians to descend upon Albany and take it; which 
is not at present able (if attaqed) to resist, neither is the whole Province as now 
narrowed, capable to secure that post, which hath occasioned an applicacon to our 
neighbours for assistance, but possetively denyed; the particulars whereof are more 
plainly expressed in letters to the Secretary of State and Plantacons; by all which 
your Majesty may judge of the present state of this Province and of the incon- 
veniencys that dayly attend it. 

Now may it please Your Most Excellent Majesty: 

The premises considered we humbly presume and represent unto your Most 
Sacred Majesty that there cann be no thing in America more conductive to your* 
Majesties dignity and advantage and for the safety of your Majesties subjects 
upon this continent then that Connecticut, East and West Jersey, Pennsylvania 
and three lower countys be re-annexed to this Your Majesties Province which then 
will be a government of sufficient extent; our late annexing to Boston having been 
evidently ruinous and destructive to these parts and may be other waies prejudicial 
to your Majesties interest for these reasons. Your Majesty hath (here) already by 
the unanimous consent of the people a revenue established of greater value then is 
any where else in Your Majestys Plantacons, and whoever are joyned to this 
Province submitt to the Establishment; whereas it will be difficult to settle the 
like among our neighbours, and if settled, remaining distinct governments, they 
are so weak as not capable to defend themselves, and the revenue will be eat up in 
looking after it, that they cannot be profitable to Your Majesty then now without 
them, and their conjunction must at least encrease the Revenue three fold, besides 

OF THE State of IsTew Yoek. 1025 


will make this Province not only capable to defend themselves but to annoy If not 
subdue the enemy. 

May it please Your Majesty; the small quantity of Stores Governor Sloughter 
brought over are mostly disposed of in the several small forts of Albany and 
Schenectady, etc., so that now we must begg the favor of a fresh supply. 

All which is humbly submitted. 

Rich. Ingoldsby 
Fred. Phillips 
^^.Tust Steve. Cortlandt 

g 1691. Nich. Bayard 

Gab. Menviell 
Chid. BroolJ 
Will Nicolls. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. lil. 798-800. 
A true Copy 

M. Clarkson, Secretary. 

Journal of Assemet.y-, IsTew York. — 1691, Sept. 16, page 17. 
Ordered, That this House do address the Commander-in-Chief 
and Council, that a monthly Fast be kept through this Province, 
until the month of June next, as follows : 

The representatives conceived in General Assembly are deeply 
sensible that the manifold sins and transgressions of the inhabit- 
ants of this province have justly provoked the Almighty God, 
and are the chief and only cause of his displeasure, and of the 
sore and grievous afflictions that this province doth now, and hath 
for several years last past, labored under ; and being now visited 
with the great calamities of a burdensome war, and a blast upon 
the corn, we do therefore find ourselves obliged, in all duty and 
humility to hearken to his rebuke, etc. 

Ordered, That the first Wednesday of every month till next 
June, be observed as a Fast. 

Journal of Council, New York. — 1691, Sept. 28. Richard 
Ingoldesby, Governor. Upon reading the address of the House 
of Representatives, setting forth their sense of the displeasure of 
Almighty God for their manifold sins, by the blasting of their 
corn, etc. Ordered, That the first Wednesday in every month, 
until the month of June following, be observed and kept a fast- 
day; and that proclamation be issued throughout the government 
to enjoin the strict observance thereof, and that all persons be 
inhibited any servile labor on the said days. Council Journal, 12. 


1026 Ecclesiastical Regoeds 

Monthly Fast and Pkayer Days Appointed. 

Day of general fasting and prayer to be held on the first Wednes- 
day of the month. By the Commander in Chief and the Coun- 
cil, and the Representatives of this Province, made in General 

A Proclamation. 

Since we are deeply sensible of the manifold sins and trans- 
gressions of the inhabitants of this Province, by which we have 
given Almighty God just reason to show us his displeasure, by 
severe and sorrowful afflictions, under which this Province has 
been for some years sighing: And inasmuch as we are now vis- 
ited with the calamities of a burdensome war and the burning 
of our crops : we find ourselves bound in duty to cast ourselves 
down at the feet of the Almighty by a Public Fast, or Day of 
Humiliation, that we may thus avert his displeasure, and the 
sore afflictions under which we sigh : also that it may please the 
Almighty to make successful and prosperous the Arms of our Sov- 
ereign Lord and Lady, "William and Mary, King and Queen of 
England, etc., in Europe and in these Provinces, for the defence 
of the Protestant Religion against all foes whatsoever. We 
ordain and appoint a monthly Day of Fasting, from I^ovember 
ensuing, (1691) until next June, (1692). And we hereby re- 
quest and enjoin all persons within this Province and its depend- 
encies, carefully and religiously to observe and keep the first 
Wednesday in each month, from jSTovember ensuing until June 
next, as a solemn fast, or day of humiliation, throughout this 
whole Province and its dependencies, for the reasons mentioned, 
hereby prohibiting, and discharging all persons in the said Prov- 
ince and dependencies, from any servile work on said day ; and all 
Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs, Constables and other Officers, are 
hereby enjoined to see that the said monthly fast, or day of 
humiliation, is strictly observed. 

OF THE State of New York. 1027 

Done at Fort William Henry, September 30tli 1691, and in the 
third year of the reign of our said Sovereign Lord and Lady, 
William and Mary, by the grace of God, King and Queen of 


Richard Ingoldsby. 
God bless King William and Queen Mary. 

Memorial in Behalf of Leisler's Adherents Imprisoned in 

IsTew York. 

Memoir and Relation of what occurred in tlie city and province of New Yorli In 
America, in the years 1690 and 1691, which the relatives and agents of the good 
people of that city, residing in Holland, have been requested to communicate in a 
most humble address by all possible means, to their Majesties of Great Britain, 
protectors and defenders of the faith. 

After the good people of New York and all that part had advice that, by a special 
grace of God, their Majesties, King William and Queen Mary, were established In 
the government of Great Britain, the said good people, especially the Captains and 
Burghers, who were well affected and disposed to the said government and the true 
Reformed Religion, resolved to submit themselves to their Majesties in all obe- 
dience, and to hazard their lives, blood and property for the maintenance of the 
said Protestant Religion: and seeing that the Lieutenant Governor, Francis Nichol- 
son, neglected to repair or preserve the fortifications of the city and its fortress, 
and took no care for the maintenance of the said good subjects; on the contrary, 
that they were greatly suspected, and that he supported the adverse party, and 
that the French enemies were already preparing to attack them. 

The said well affected, among the military, civilians and Burghers remonstrated 
against all these things, that they may be communicated to their Majesties and 
their Council, and formed a committee to nominate and provisionally to choose the 
person of Jacob Leisler, an honest man, to be temporarily commander of said 
fortress, and administrator of justice with the heads of the civil government or the 
court, and to uphold the rights of said royal government and its preservation. 

To this effect the said committee despatched to the said Jacob Leisler on the 
28th of June, 1689, an order and commission for the abovementioned purpose, a 
copy whereof is hereunto annexed. 

The said Jacob Leisler was persuaded to accept the said order and commission 
provisionally, and demeaned himself as an honest and brave man, having not only 
performed every possible duty, and contributed considerably of his own money and 
credit to fortify said city and its dependencies, but also to prepare and despatch, 
with the consent of the court and its members, a frigate mounted with cannon and 
other necessary munitions, and two barks to resist the French enemy on the river, 
which, with great success, made the important capture of seven of the enemy's 
vessels or ships, which said court declared lawful prize. 

The said Leisler had also a good understanding with the mayor, aldermen, 
captains. Burghers and common people of that city and other parts of that province, 
and preserved, to the utmost of his power, the natives of said country, who have 
for a long time been very numerous and in good alliance with the Christians. 

Their Majesties, having been informed of the said remonstrance touching the 
constitution of said province and city of New York, caused a commission to be 
despatched on the 20th of July, 1689, signed by his Majesty's order, by his lordship, 
the Earl of Nottingham, with a superscription and address — to the said Lieu- 
tenant Commander Nicholson in his said quality, and In his absence to those who 
had charge of the preservation of the said province and the common weal. — as the 
annexed copy proves. 



1028 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

For the good services which said Leisler had already rendered during his ad- 
ministration for the preservation of said province, city and fortress (though the 
malcontents opposed him and formed dangerous cabals, some of whom were seized 
by the council of the said court and committee), said committee and the well 
affected to said royal government deemed it proper still to continue said Jacob 
Leisler as provisional administrator, and to place his Majesty's said commission in 
his hands until their Majesties had ordered and sent out another governor. 

Their Majesties afterwards commissioned Colonel Sloughter as Governor in Chief 
of the province of New York. 

But before the said Governor's arrival, a certain captain, named Richard 
Ingoldsby, who, it is said, had been previously a major in Ireland, came on the 
2Sth of January of this year, 1691, before the city of New York with about seventy 
military or soldiers and four ships, without people being able to ascertain whether 
they were enemies or neutrals, because he would not publish his commission. 

The said Captain Ingoldsby sent a messenger to said Commander Jacob Leisler, 
as letters and affidavits represent, with a simple letter, by which he demanded 
possession of said fortress, without sending any power, order or substitution, either 
of their Majesty or of the said Governor. 

The said Leisler and those of his Council fearing that it was a traitorous trick, 
answered, that as soon as said Captain Ingoldsby produced some power or order, 
they would incontinently surrender the said fortress without any opposition; and 
said Leisler even offered that his house was at said Captain Ingoldsby's service, 
and that he should have said soldiers lodged among the citizens until the Gover- 
nor's arrival, and until they could see his Majesty's orders. 

The said Captain Ingoldsby persisted with threats in his demand to have posses- 
sion of the said fortress, whilst the demand for the requisite orders and authority 
was each time renewed. 

The said captain thereupon sent people or soldiers to Long Island to raise men, 
which was, however, unattended with any success, the said captain being un- 
willing in the meanwhile to budge from the ship, or put a foot on shore on the said 
offers made him. 

But some days afterwards he made other applications for the surrender of the 
City Hall, which was finally given up to him (according to the said affidavits) by 
the advice of the mayor, aldermen, and military officers of said city, on the con- 
dition and promise that the said captain should not obstruct the Burgher's guard 
of said city nor of the civil court. 

Now having obtained said possession, the said Ingoldsby did not keep his word; 
on the contrary, he did obstruct the said guard of the court and city, and used 
force and opposition which caused great disorder for more than a month. 

The said Governor Sloughter having arrived, he (according to the annexed report 
and informations transmitted in the English language) took the opposite side to 
Commandant Jacob Leisler, as if the latter had contravened and opposed His 
Majesty's orders, and his, as Governor; though the said Commandant Leisler did 
nothing but by the advice of said committee and its members,* not having had, nor 
having been able to obtain any communication from the said captain of the orders 
or commission from their Majesties or from Colonel Sloughter; on the contrary, he 
offered several times to surrender the fortress on seeing the orders, without 
awaiting any force or violence. 

But as soon as the said Jacob Leisler received the news of said Colonel and 
Governor Sloughter's arrival, he forthwith deputed and sent two persons, to wit, 
Mr. Milbourne and Major Peter de La Noy to welcome and receive him on his part, 
causing them to be escorted by twelve soldiers. 

Governor Sloughter, instead of receiving and hearing them, caused them to be 
immediately taken to the City Hall and cast into prison, to their great shame and 

* The text is — " Quoy que le dit Commandant Leisler n'avoit rien fait que le 
cadois du dit Committe " etc. The word in Italics is unintelligible. It might have 
been intended for " cadroit," or " I'advis." The translation is based on the latter 
supposition. i 

OF THE State of j>[ew York. 1029 

And the next day, the said fortress having been surrendered and delivered up by 
the said commander Leisler to the said Governor, the said Leisler also exhibited 
the said commissions he had received provisionally from the said Committee for the 
preservation of the said city and fortress, according to the intentions of their 
Majesties' said well affected subjects. 

But the said Governor would not listen to the said Leisler, but had him also 
made prisoner and removed to the City Hall, having accused him of treason and 
other crimes. 

And the said Governor (according to the said testimony) also imprisoned several 
other well affected persons belonging to the same party, to wit: 

Gerrard Beekman, Isaac Vermeelye, Meyndert Coerten, Abraham Brasier, 
Thomas "Williams, Abraham Gouverneur, and Samuel Etsel, all honest men. mak- 
ing together ten persons, all esteemed honorable people; and whom the affidavits 
represent as having been zealous for the public safety, and that the said Leisler 
presented a petition to the said Governor, a copy whereof is adjoined. 

And whereas the said Governor prosecuted the said prisoners, accusing them 
all as criminals, rebels and resisters of his orders (which were not yet exhibited); 
and recalled the malcontents, who had been broken and dismissed on account of 
their malignity and support of King James' party. 

And it is notorious that he admitted these people of his council, and named 
them, so far their personal enemies, as Judges of said prisoners. 

And he selected and took some officers from the said ships, who condemned said 
Leisler and said Milborne, his wife's son-in-law, to be hanged. 

And detained the other prisoners, and the execution of the two condemned, more- 
over, followed, and they died very ignominiously. 

All these proceedings took place to the great displeasure and grief of theii^ 
Majesties said good and well affected subjects; who, well-intentioned, made great 
efforts for the staying of the execution of said Leisler and his son-in-law, and 
for their removel to England to be judged by their Majesties. 

Having prepared a petition, which was signed by more than eighteen hundred 
persons, and presented by a minister of the Word of God, whom the Governor 
caused also to be imprisoned accusing him likewise of being a rebel. 

And all these proceedings excite great consternation amongst the good subjects, 
and put them in danger of being exposed to the persecution of their enemies, and 
of losing the whole of said province, and even of being attacked by the natives, 
(who) according to the informations, had declared they would revenge the said 
Commander, Leisler, having approved his defence. 

On this account, and for the other excesses and extravagances which the good 
subjects must suffer from said Governor, the said Governor having revoked and 
disallowed the capture of the French ships and the judgement of the court, pur- 
suant to which the vessels had been sold; and having, on the contrary, caused 
the purchasers to be ordered to return the money and the proportion of a sum' 
that they were taxed, which augments considerably the discontent of worthy men. 

Their Majesties are most humbly and with all submission supplicated, in the 
great extremity to which their poor subjects in New York are reduced, to com^ 
passionate them, and send them as soon as possible the succor necessary for their 

And that it may please their Majesties to stay all proceedings against said 
imprisoned persons, so that they may be provisionally liberated, at least on bail, 
until their Majesties shall be fully informed of all these matters, which they will 
then be able to dispose of according to equity. 

At the Hague, the loth October, 1691. 

(^Yas signed) Willem Van Breen, 

Joh. Provoost, 
Jacob Mauritz, 
Jacob Willems, 
John Thomas. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 809-812. 



1030 Ecclesiastical Records 

JSTew Dutch Church in ISTew Yoek. Lib. A. 68. 

1691, Dec. 22. 

The Dutcii Church resolved to buy ground for a new Church, 
and to hasten its erection ; to appoint Building Masters, and 
parties to prepare a plan, in consultation with said Building 

The church in the Fort was decaying, and was no longer fit 
for public service without going to great and unnecessary ex- 
pense. The Consistory and Great Consistory were summoned 
to a meeting. The site in Garden street was chosen, lying be- 
tween the grounds of Jan Bruyns and Jan Siphens. The plot 
was eighty feet long, and belonged to the City, by deed from 
Josa Lawrence and Sara his wife. The price was fifty four 
pounds, to be paid out of the Trouw-bosch and the Deacons' treas- 
ury. But only so much of the Deacons' money should be used 
as could be spared without injury to the poor. 

The Building Masters appointed were John Kip, Brandt Schuy- 
ler, Tunis de Key. They must procure material and urge on the 

Frederic Philipzen, Stephen Van Cortlandt, IsTicholas Bayard 
and Adolph Pieterzen, were appointed Committee on Plan, with 
full powers. 

Petition of Jacob Leislee to the King. [Dec. ? 1691 ?] 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty. The humble Petition of Jacob Leisler 
son of Captain Jacob Leisler deceased, late Commander in Cheif of your Majesty'3 
Province of New York in America. 

That upon the late happy Revolution, your Petitioners said Father vras very 
instrumental in Securing the said Province for your Majesty, [and being of known 
integrity to your Majesties interest]* and the Protestant Religion, Capt. Francis 
Nicholson then Deputy Governor having withdrawn himself from the said Province, 
your Petitioners said Father upon the 16th of August 1689 was by the Freeholders 
and Inhabitants elected and constituted Commander in Cheif untill your Majesties 
Royal Pleasure should be declared concerning the said Province, and accordingly 

* The passage in brackets is from the copy of this document among the MSS> 
of the New York Historical Society, and printed in the New York Documentary 
History, 8vo., ii., 422. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1031 

he entered upon the Government, and was acknowledged as such by the people, 
and was in possession of the Fort and Garrison which till that time were ruinous 
and Incapable of defence and did proclaim your Majesty and your Royall Consort 
to be our Sovereign Lord and Lady, King and Queen, and caused the same to be 
done in other Provinces. 

That on the 10th of December 1689. Your Majesty's gracious letter dated the 
30th July before, arrived there, the same being directed to the said Capt. Nicholson 
and in his absence to such as for the time being, took care for preserving the 
Peace and administering the lawes within the said Province, whereby your 
Majesty was graciously pleased to authorize the Person then Commanding in 
Cheif as aforesaid to take upon him the Government, calling to his Assistance in 
the administration thereof, the Principal Inhabitants or as many of them as he 
should think fltt willing and requiring him to do and perform all things which to 
the Place and Office of Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Cheif did apper- 
taine, as he should find necessary for your Majestys Service, and the good of your 
Subjects there, untill further order from your Majesty. That your Petitioners 
said father being so confirmed in the said government, by your Majestys said 
Royall Letter, did faithfully observe your Majestys commands thereby declared 
and did in all respects Provide for the Security of the said Province as well against 
all attempts of the French, who are very powerful in these Parts, as Papists 
and other disaffected persons of which there were many resident in the said 

That on the 28th of January [1691] last past, Capt. Richard Ingoldsby arrived 
at New York with some soldiers from England, to whom your Petitioner's said 
Father offered all sorts of accommodation, but the said Ingoldsby required the 
Possession of the said Fort, and Government for which your Petitioner's said 
Father desired to see his orders being ready to obey the same if he had any such 
from your Majesty, or from Coll. Sloughter whom your Majesty had been pleased 
to make Governor; but the said Ingoldsby had no such orders or would not 
produce the same, whereupon your Petitioner's said Father having advised with the 
principall Inhabitants was councilled and directed by them to keep and maintain 
the Possession of the Fort and Government (in regard the said Ingoldsby would 
not shew his orders to receive the same) untill the Governor arrived and your 
Majesty's pleasure known, That Ingoldsby thereupon joynlng himself to the Papist.s 
and other disaffected Persons, did by many indirect means to the great Terror of 
your Majesties Liege Subjects in a hostile and dreadful manner assembled great 
numbers of French and other persons, and beseiged the said Fort, and raised 
divers batteries against the same, and so continued in arms about six weeks, that 
on the 19th of March last Coll. Sloughter did arrive, and as soon as your Peti- 
tioner's said Father had certain Knowledge thereof, which was not till eleven 
o'clock that night, He did send the Mayor of the City and Mr. Milbourne his 
Secretary from the said Fort to wayt upon him, and to offer him the possession 
thereof, but the said Coll. Sloughter without hearing them speak, committed them 
all close Prisoners, who not returning as your Petitioner's Father expected, he 
did very early next morning, write to the said Coll. Sloughter desiring him to 
come and receive the Fort, and accordingly he came and took possession thereof 
on the 20th of March, but presently after caused all the Soldiers and Inhabitants 
in the said Fort and Citty to be disarmed, and contrary to all Law and Justice, 
committed your Petitioner and his said Father and twenty six other persons to 
Prison pretending they were guilty of High Treason against your Majestys for 
keeping the said Port as aforesaid, and the said Coll. Sloughter and Ingoldsby 
confederating with divers others disaffected Persons to your Majesties, to put 
your Petitioner's said Father and others to death did in a most arbitrary and 
illegal manner cause him and seven others to be tryed Judged and Condemned to 
Death for some Pretended High Treason, and have since most barbarously caused 
your Petitioner's said Father and your Petitioner's brother in law (the said 


1032 Ecclesiastical Records 

Mllbourne) to be hanged and afterwards butchered, the said other six persons (if 
not since put to death) remaining in prison under the same unjust Sentence of 
Condemnation, and have seized their Estates and Goods, and have also most 
unjustly prosecuted your Petitioner and many other of your Majesty's good Sub- 
jects, confiscating their Estates, who for Preservation of their lives, have been 
forced to leave the said Province, by which cruell and barbarous practices great 
numbers of your Majestys Subjects are in danger of utter ruine, and the said 
Country is like to be depopulated and made desolate, the said Coll. Sloughter being 
dead, and the said Capt. Ingoldsby (since his death) commanding in Cheif in the 
said Province, who doth continue to exercise great Violence and barbarity against 
your Majesty's loyal subjects there. 

Tour Petitioner therefore humbly implores your most sacred Majesty, to take 
the premises into your Princely consideration and to give such orders therein as 
well for the preservation of the said Six Condemned Persons, and the Releif of 
your Petitioner's and other Poor Sufferers as also for the Preservation and future 
good establishment of the said Province as to your Royall goodness and wisdom 
shall seem meet. 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever Pray, etc. 
' Jacob Leisler. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 825, 826. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Xiicella, 1692, Jan. 23rd. 
Rev. Christian Frederick E"ucella, formerly a minister, re- 
quested to be employed in tlie service of the churches in foreign 
lands, and the Rev. Assembly accepted him as among the " Rec- 
ommended ". viii. 136. 

Deed for the Dutch Church Lot ix GARDEisr Street, IN'ew 
York City. Lib. A. 70-73. 

1692, Feb. 27. 
Samuel Bayard, merehant, of the City of Xew York, sold land 
to the Church-Masters. The lot was on the north side of Garden 
street, and north of the orchard of Elizabeth Drisius, widow; to 
the west was the lot of John Henry Bruyn ; and to the east, the 
lots of John Syphens and David Hendriks, being one hundred 
and eighty feet on Garden street, eighty four feet deep, and one 
hundred and seventy five feet on the back end — English meas- 
ure. This was conveyed by a writing signed by the Mayop, 
Aldermen and Commonalty to Samuel Bayard, February 4, 
1692; and he conveyed it to the Church-Masters, to hold in trust 

OF THE State of i^EW Yoke. 1033 

for the Church. They were to pay to Bayard the yearly rent of 
one shilling, on March 25th, provided it be demanded. 


Samuel Bayard. 

Since it has graciously pleased Almighty God to bless the 
Arms and enterprises of our very gracious Sovereign Lord and 
Lady, William and Mary, by the grace of God, King and Queen 
of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the Faith, 
etc., and to manifest his favor in these Provinces by the defence 
of our frontier at Albany, this winter against the French and the 
infidels : The Commander and Council have seen fit to appoint 
Thursday, the eighth day of tl^e current month of March, for 
the City and County of 'New York, and Thursday the 22nd of 
the same month in every other county of the whole Province, to 
be observed as a day of solemn Thanksgiving, in which to praise 
and thank God Almighty for the King's safe and happy return 
to England, and the success of their Majesties Arms in Ireland; 
and for the great victory of the Emperor over the Turks; and 
also for the preservation of our frontier at Albany against the 
French and unbelievers. 

And each and every person in particular is hereby required 
to abstain from all servile work on the said day, and to observe and 
keep the same, with all possible manifestations of joy and thanks- 
giving. Given at Fort William Henry, the 3rd day of March, 
in the fourth year of their Majesties' reign, 1692. God save King 
William and Queen Mary. 

A. Clarkson, Secretary. 

Secret Instructions to Governor Fletcher, so Far as They 
Relate to Religion, 

You shall take especial care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly served 
throughout your Government, the Book of Common Prayer as it is now established 
read each Sunday and Holyday, and the blessed Sacrament administered accord- 
ing to the Rites of the Church of England. You shall be carefull that the Churches 
already built there be well and orderly kept, and more built as the Colony shall 



1034 Ecclesiastical Hecoeds 

by Gods blessing be Improved; and that besides, a competent Maintenance to be 
assigned to the Minister, and a competent proporcion of land assigned him for a 
Glebe and exercise of his Industry 

Ton are to take care that the Parishes be so limited and settled as you shall 
find most convenient for the accomplishing this good work. 

Our Will and Pleasure is that noe Minister be preferred by you to any ecclesias- 
tical Benefice in that our Province, without a Certificate from the Right Reverend 
the Bishop of London, of his being conformable to the doctrine and discipline of 
the Church of England, and of a good life and conversation. 

And if any person preferred already to a Benefice shall appear to you to give 
Scandall either by his Doctrine or Manners, you are to use the best means for the 
removall of him, and to supply the vacancy in such manner as we have directed. 
And also our Pleasure is that in the Direction of all Church afCairs, the minister 
be admitted into the respective vestries. 

And to the end the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the said Bishop of London may 
take place in that our province as far as conveniently may be, We do think fltt 
that you give all countenance and encouragement to the exercise of the same, 
excepting only the Colating to Benefices, Granting Licences for Marriages and 
Probate of Wills, which we have reserved to you our Governor and to the 
Commander in Cheif of our said Province for the time being. 

Tou are to take especial care that a table of Marriages, established by the 
Cannons of the Church of England, be hung up in all the orthodox Churches, and 
duly observed. 

We do further direct that no School Master be henceforth permitted to come 
from England and to keep school within our Province of New York without the 
Licence of the said Bishop of London; and that no other person now there or that 
shall come from other parts be admitted to keep school without the Licence first 

Tou are to take care that Drunkenness and Debauchery, Swearing and Blasphemy 
be severely punished, and that none be admitted to publique Trust and employment 
whose ill Fame and Conversation may bring Scandall thereupon. 

Tou shall administer or cause to be administered ye oaths appointed by Act of 
Parliament, to be taken in stead of the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, as 
also the Test, to the Members and officers of our Councill, to all Judges and 
Justices, and all other persons that hold any office in our said Province by vertue of 
any Patent under our Great Seal of England, or our Seal of our Province of New 

And you are to permitt a liberty of Conscience to all persons (except Papists) 
so they be contented with a quiet and Peaceable enjoyment of the same not giving 
offence or Scandall to the Government. 

Tou are with the assistance of our Council to find out the best means to facilitate 
and encourage the Conversion of Negros and Indians to the Christian Religion. — 
Col. Docs. N. T. iii. 821-3. 

Xew Church Building in ISTew York. 

1692, March 9. 

Kesolved, That the moneys of the Consistory apart from the 
Deacons, and of the Deacons apart from the Consistory, or col- 
lections at any chnrch-meeting, shall be brought into one and 
the same purse or chest ; and that the Deacons be recommended 

OF THE State of I^ew Yokk. 1035 


to take out as nmcli money as practicable, without injury to the 
poor, for the building of a ISTew Church, to be erected when re- 

In matters of great importance, such as the calling of a minis- 
ter, the erection of a church or other ecclesiastical buildings and 
the like, as usual all who are or have been in service shall be 
called together for consultation, that that may be done which 
is deemed best. Lib. A. 4, 5. 

Chuech of New York : Manor of Fordham. 

Resolution of the Dutch Church of ISTew York respecting the 
continuance of the Fordham lawsuit. 

1692, March 9. 

The people of Westchester had taken the church land, first by 
force, and then by a lawsuit, with a jury. But the case was 
not well understood. It had been appealed to a higher Court. 
The Church had expended about twelve hundred pounds on the 
property. The question was now before the Consistory, whether 
it should be taken to the highest Court in April, 1692, or should 
be taken only before the judges to have the law declared and ex- 
pounded in reference to the case; or before the Governor and 
Council, to seek justice therefrom; or even before the King's 
Bench and Commissary in England, to reach the desired end. 
The Consistory having considered everything in the fear of the 
Lord, and believing in the righteousness of their cause, resolved 
to bring up the case again de novo ; and that the moneys should 
be disbursed by the Deacons out of their treasury; and that the 
whole business should be entrusted to Col. Bayard. 

Church of ISTew York. 

1692, March 9. 

The Trouw-bosch was opened in the presence of witnesses, and 
the moneys removed, amounting to forty four pounds ten shillings. 
Lib. A. 69. 


1036 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Order of Council in Case of Leislee and Milbouene. 

At the Court at Whitehall the 11th March 1691 [1692?]. 
Present — The Queens most Excellent Majesty in Councill. 

WHEREAS, The Right Honorable the Lords of the Commit- 
tee for Trade and Plantations have by their report dated the 11th 
Inst. Rejoresented to Her Majesty that they have examined the 
matter of the Petition of Jacob Leisler the son of Jacob Leisler 
of "New York, deceased, referred to the Committee by His Majes- 
ties order in Councill of the 7th of January last complaining of 
Proceedings against his father and Jacob Milbourne by Coll. 
Sloughtcr at JSTew York, who were thereupon condemned and put 
to death, and their Estates confiscated, and their Lordshipps hav- 
ing fully heard the said Jacob Leisler the Petitioner by his Coun- 
cil Learned, upon the whole matter are humbly of opinion, that 
the said Jacob Leisler and Jacob Milbourne deceased were con- 
demned and have suffered according to Law. But their Lord- 
ships do humbly offer their Intercession to her Majesty in behalf 
of their Eamilies as fit objects of their Majesties Mercy, That 
the Estates of the said Jacob Leisler and Jacob Milbourne de- 
ceased may be restored to them upon their humble application to 
their Majestys by Petition for the same. Her Majesty in Council 
is this day pleased to approve the said Report, and to declare that 
upon the humble application of the relations of the said Jacob 
Leisler and Jacob Milbourne deceased, Her Majesty will order 
the estates of the said Jacob Leisler and Jacob Milbourne to be 
restored to their Eamilies as objects of Her Majesty's mercy. — 
Col. Docs. K y. iii. 827. 

Commission of Benjamin Eletcher, as Governor of ISTew 
York : so Ear as There is Reference to Oaths of Office, 
Chueches, Ministers, Etc. 

And we do hereby give and grant full Power unto you the said Benjamin 
Fletcher, after you shall first have taken an Oath for the due Execution of the 
Ofiice a Trust of our Captain General and Governor in Cheif in and over our 

OF THE State of New York. 1037 

said Province of New Yorlj and tlie Territories depending tiiereon, wliicli our said 
Council or any five of them have hereby full power and authority and are required 
to administer unto you; to give and administer unto each of the Members of our 
said Council as well the Oaths appointed by Act of Parliament, to be taken instead 
of the oath of Allegiance and Supremacy, as the Test and the Oath for the due 
execution of their places and Trust. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 828. 


We do further give and grant unto you the said Benjamin Fletcher, full 

power and authority from time to time and at any time hereafter, by your self or by 
any other to be authorized by you in that behalf, to administer and give the oaths 
appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy, to all and every such person or persons as you shall think fltt who 
shall at any time or times past into our said Province or shall be resident or 
abiding there — Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 829. 

We do by these Presents authorize and empower you to Colate any Person 

or Persons in any Churches, Chapells or other Ecclesiastical Benefices within our 
said Province and Territorities aforesaid, as often as any of them shall happen to be 

We do hereby give and grant unto you the said Benjamin Fletcher, by your self, 
your Captain and Commanders by you to be authorized, full Power and Authority 
to Levy Arm, Muster, Command and employ all persons whatsoever (residing) 
within our said Province of New York — • Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 830. 

.... And we do by these presents Will require and command you to take all 
possible care for the discountenance of vice and encouragement of virtue and good 
living that by such example the Infidells may be invited and desire to partake of the 
Christian (Religion).— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 832. 

Rev. John Millee, Chaplain to British Troops. 

" In the summer 1692 the Rev. John Miller arrived in New York, with a com- 
mission of chaplain to two companies of grenadiers. He remained in the Province 
until 1695, when he sailed for home; but the vessel was captured by a French 
privateer, and all his papers were destroyed. On reaching London he wrote a book 
dedicated to the Bishop of London in which he reviewed the state and history of 
New York, and gave plans and ideas of his own, including a scheme for the' 
establishment of an Episcopate in the Province. His plan was to unite the govern- 
ments of New York and New Jersey, Connecticut and Rhode Island, station a 
bishop at New York as suffragan to the Bishop of London, and allow him " as.' 
Governor " fifteen hundred pounds per annum, together with all licenses of 
marriage and probates of wills, and the things usually belonging to bishops in. 
England, adding the King's Farm as a seat for himself and his successors ". — 
Dix, 73. 

Synod of jSTorth Holland, at Alckmaer. 

1692, Aug. Y et seq. 
Article 27. 

Extract from a letter of Rev. Godfrey Dellius, from Boston, 
February 17, 1691. 

He feared that his letters, written about the wretched condi- 
tion of the churches in the province of ISTew York, did not reach 
us safely, because so many ships are taken by the French. 


1038 Ecclesiastical Records 

He sends us two documents, The one (an address) of the 
Erench Protestants to his Majesty of Great Britain, and the other 
(a letter) from his own hand, to Mr. Yan Suilestein, in which 
a fuller explanation is given of the sad state of the churches in 
ISTew York. 

He has allowed hims6lf to be persuaded to remain longer with 
his church, wherein he had had much fruit, in the conversion of 
the Indians. 

Concludes with a salutation. 

E:ytracts from a letter of the Consistory of Kingstown, August 

30, 1690. 

They inform us of the decease of their minister, Rev. Week- 
steen, and that in his place the Rev. Lawrence (Yan den) Bosch 
had been called. 

Rev. Bosch had conducted himself very unedifyingly, and had 
resigned his office to the consistory of his own accord. 

^Nevertheless he preached occasionally in different houses ; but 
this caused disputes and schism. 

Rev. Dellius had faithfully conducted services for them (in 
Kingston;) but he was now inclined to return to the Eatherland. 

There are only three ISTetherland ministers, of whom one is 
decrepit by reason of old age, and the other will perhaps leave. 
They find themselves incapable of asking a preacher from us for 
lack of money. 

Concludes with salutations. 

Extract from a letter from the Consistory of Albany, July 31, 


They deplore the departure (from Albany) of their late 
preacher, Dellius, and that now they had only Rev. Schaats, who 
was decrepit and could do little or no work. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1039 


Througli Eev. Dellius a goodly number of Indians had been 
received into the church by Baptism, after public confession, 
and accepted into the communion of the Lord's Supper. 

They had been greatly inconvenienced by the war, whereby they 
have been diminished daily; their houses have been burned, and 
their people taken captive by the Barbarians. 

They declare their lack of power to support a minister. They 
hope that the King of Great Britain would furnish them ade- 
quate means for that purpose. 

They request us to persuade Rev. Dellius, in every possible 
way, to return to them, so that the Gospel might still have free 
course among the heathen. 

A great number of that same tribe have been led over to the 
Eomish faith by the Jesuits, and drawn from their land to 
Canada ; they are tormented especially by these. They further 
request that we will do our best with the King of England unto 
the prosecution of the work begim, for the conversion of the 

Concludes with a salutation — (zegenwensch, a wish for a 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

micella, 1692, Aug. 18th. 
Rev. John Peter ISTucella, S. S. Min. Cand. being already " Rec- 
ommended " by our Classis, requested also to be accepted as 
" Recommended " for the service of the Indian churches. This 
was readily granted him after he had given proof of his gifts 
on John 5:25. viii. 155; xix. 246. 

Journal of the Assembly, ISTew York^ 1692. 

1692, Aug. 23rd, page 21. 

Ordered, That a bill be drawn for the better observance of the 
Lord's day, and that each respective town within this province 
have a minister or reader to read divine service. 


1040 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Thanksgiving for Victory. Lib. A. 73. 

By tlie Commander-in-Cliief and Council. A Proclamation. 


Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to bless the Arms of 
our Sovereign Lord and Lady, William and Mary, especially for 
the victory obtained in the month of May last, against the Erench 
fleet, and also to frustrate the wicked and treasonable devices 
of sundry conspirators, traitors and enemies of their persons, dig- 
nities and government : Therefore Wednesday, August 24, was 
appointed for ISTew York City, and Wednesday September 7, for 
the other parts of the Province, as a day of Thanksgiving 

Given at Eort William Henry, August 22, 1692. 

OF THE State of Xev*^ York. 1041 

FLETCHER. AUG. 29, 1692-1698. 


1692, Sept. 8, page 23. 

In a petition to the Crown it is charged that, owing to the cut- 
ting lip of the late New Netherland into several parts, (which 
were not governed like New York), the people were beginning 
to emigrate. In these new places they were free from the imposi- 
tion of taxes and levies for war, etc. ; that Albany was very 


Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. The Revs. Selyns, Varick and 
Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, October 12, 1692. Ex- 
tracts, xxi. 337; and another translation in Murphy's Anthol- 
ogy of New Netherland, 117-121. 

New York, October 12th, 1692. 

To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 

Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ : — 

We wrote you two or three years ago, informing you of the 
sad condition of our land and our Church. We have been so 
unfortunate as not to have received any replies to our letters, nor 
even to have seen any other correspondence from you. The cause 
of this is, no doubt, on account of the war, or of the internal 
troubles at home, which are worse than war with a foreign foe. 
Your letters may have been captured by the enemy, or ours may 
have been stopped and deained here. It has not been per- 
mitted to ministers here to write to other ministers, nor to your 
Reverences ; neither have private parties been allowed to corre- 
spond with their friends and acquaintances. During all this time, 


1042 Ecclesiastical Records 

everything has heen done under pretext of pleasing King Wil- 
liam, and as if for the sake of religion; but in fact everything 
done was contrary to law, to King William, and to the Protestant 

Our ministers have been cast under suspicion through slanders 
against them ; while the populace, ever ready for any change, were 
advised not to contribute for the support of religious services or 
for ministers' salaries. Choristers and schoolmasters have been 
encouraged to perform ministerial duties. Members of the Coun- 
cil (of former Governors), who were also mostly Elders of the 
church, have been saluted by the unheard of titles (for them) of 
traitors and papists. Church officers and other members have 
been imprisoned and maltreated, put in irons, and confined in 
darkness. And not satisfied with doing such things, even the 
Sanctuary has been attacked with violence and open force. 
Domine Dellius, not being foolish enough to allow himself to 
be imprisoned, chose to fly (lit. chose the hare's foot — het haasen 
podt) and escaped to Boston. Domine Varick followed his exam- 
ple and fled southward to ]^ew Castle. ISTo one remained to be 
troubled and plundered except Domine Selyns. Domine Varick, 
on his return home was attainted of high treason (crimen laesae 
majestatis). Domine Selyns offered himself and property as se- 
curity for him, but was refused and threatened with imprisonment 
himself. It would be too tedious, however, both for your Rever- 
ences and for us to write everything that was illegally done, and 
all that we suffered in this affair. 

Their Excellencies, Mr. Slaeter (Sloughter) and Mr. Fletcher, 
have successively been our Governors. The former soon died. 
Fletcher is now our Governor, and is inclined to peace. He 
brought with him, under the advice of the King and his Council, 
a ratification of the sentence, declaring that Leysler and the rest 
of them were condemned according to law; but that the widow 
and children (of Leysler), having most humbly petitioned their 
Royal Majesties, should be allowed to receive back their (confis- 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoek. 1043 


cated) property, and to hold the same. Also those in prison 

were to be released upon due submission and upon promise of good 

behavior. But we ministers, possessing no power, and being only 

impotent servants of Jesus Christ, are treated with scorn, and 

paid in insults, and deprived of what is justly our dues, receiving 

no salary worth mentioning. 

Yet during this year of troubles, a new church edifice of stone, 
is in course of erection, outside the fort and larger than the old 
one. In this we hope to bring to the knowledge of God and Jesus 
Christ, many, who had a certain antipathy to the church in the 
fort. Domines Varick and Dellius will be compelled to leave, and 
Domine Selyns will be compelled to live on his own private means. 
Thus (by driving away Dellius) they are endeavoring to move 
away the candlestick at 'New Albany, and to quench the light 
which began to burn there for the conversion of the heathen. (The 
churches of) Bergen, Hackensack, Staten Island and Harlem have 
deserted us, yielding to the power of evil. They say that they can 
live well enough without ministers or sacraments. 

Mr. Hobbe, (Kev. Jeremiah Hobart*) has left Hempstead for 
ISTew England, on account of failure of salary ; and Domine Yan- 
der Bosch, who was under censure, has left Esopus and gone to 
Maryland. We see no way to supply these places. Meanwhile, 
we must not omit to inform your Reverences, that the two French 
churches (ISTew York and New Paltz) have been united, and that 
Domine Perrot will generally preach here in the city, while 
Domine Daille will generally preach in the country. But the two 
constitute but one church, and the income will be divided equally 
between them. Mr. (John) Miller has come over as Chaplain 
here (for the British troops) ; and Mr. Cocx as chaplain in Mary- 
land. They are each of them men of considerable knowledge. 

Your Reverences are earnestly requested to do all that is possible 
for our welfare, as well as for the welfare of the Church of God 

• It has been generally said that Rev. Jeremiah Hobart did not leave Hempstead 
until 1696. His daughter Dorothy, was the mother of David Brainard, thei 
celebrated missionary to the Indians. 


1044 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

here. Let our complaints, wliicli are already lying on the table 
of your Classical labors and commiseration, be taken up, and 
poured into the chalice of the communion of the saints, and be 
communicated to the Christian Synods, that whatever is possible 
may be done. Should not your Reverences, or the Synod of ISForth 
Holland, give information in some way, or else write a letter 
directly to the King (William III. of Great Britain), in behalf 
of our (American Dutch) churches and ministers? Should not 
the Governor and Council here (in ISTew York) be written to, and 
be informed that we (Dutch Ministers) were called with the full 
understanding of this (English) government ? Should not our 
Elders and Deacons, who bound themselves by special obligations 
before a notary, be admonished and aroused, to pay our salary 
more promptly and more adequately ? And should it not be plainly 
shown and proved to them, that such conditions as now exist here, 
are the reasons why no more ministers can be secured ; and that 
such conditions tend to the destruction of both the church and all 
piety; that they will turn Christians into savages; and will de- 
stroy, and bring utterly to an end, all the efforts heretofore made 
at ISTew Albany, for the conversion of the heathen. 

May the Lord give patience to us; and to your Reverences, 
energy and zeal, both to pity and to help us. We were called and 
sent here by your order, and here we will gladly remain. 

Your Reverences willing and affectionate brethren in Christ 


Henricus Selyns. 

Rudolphus Varick. 
Godfridus Dellius. 
In our Clerical Meeting 
October 12, 1692. 

Memorandum : If any vacancies occur at Curacoa, Suriname, 
or in the East Indies, I, who am suffering and hav-e suffered so 
much, as shown by this, and other letters heretofore mailed to 
you, offer myself and my services for said places. It will be con- 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 1045 

venient to reach, them directly from this place, without going over 
to Holland. I only await to be transferred by the Kev. Classis of 
Amsterdam. It is impossible for me to live any longer such a 
life. My colleagues here, Dutch, English and French, are ready 
to give me all necessary testimonials. Let these facts be made 
known wherever it may be proper. 

Called by the Classis, I am still willing to follow their advice 
and obey it. Awaiting such advice and call from your Rever- 
ences, I remain, 

Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ, Yours, etc. 
Witnesses; Eodolphus Varick. 

Henricus Selyns. 

Godfridus Dellius. 

Council Jouenal, IsTew York. 

1692, October 24. 
Governor Fletcher's opening address. 

And first : That we may the better hope for a 

blessing from Almighty God, I recommend to your care that pro- 
vision be made for the support and encouragement of an able 
ministry, and for a strict and due observation of the Lord's day. 
p. 25. 

Instructions to Governor Fletcher. 

William R. 

Instructions for our Trusty and Welbeloved Benjamin Fletcher Esq., our Captain 
Generall and Governor-in-Cheif in and over our Provinces of New York and 
Pennsylvania and our Countrey of New Castle and all ye Territories and Tracts 
of Land depending thereon in America. 

And whereas by our said Commission we have thought fitt to authorize and 
direct you to administer to our said Lieutenant Governor and to every of the 
members of the Council and Assembly and all other officers and Magistrates what- 
soever the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of the Oaths 
of Allegiance and Supremacy. In case there should not be found Persons enough 
within our said Province of Pennsylvania and Countrey of New Castle of good 
estate and abilities for the said Trusts who are willing to take the said Oaths, 
you are nevertheless to cause such of them as shall refuse to take the said Oaths 
instead thereof to subscribe the Declaration of Fidelity contained in the Act of 
Parliament made at Westminster in the third year of our Reign Entituled an 
act for exempting Their Majesties Protestant Subjects Dissenting from the Church 

1046 Ecclesiastical Hecoeds 

of England from the Penalty of certain Laws. Whereupon you are to admitt the 
said Persons to the exercise of their respective offices and Places. Given at our 
Court at Whitehall the 28th day of October 1692, In the fourth year of our Reign. 

By His Majesty's Command, 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iii. 861. 

Classis oe Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies. 

New York. 1692, I^ov. 10th. Extract from a letter, dated De- 
cember 30, 1692, ISTew York, signed by Eev. Selyns. 

This refers to bis previous letter of October 12, (1692), and 
of wbicb, a copy accompanies the present, by tbe way of Curacoa. 
"With the Governor and Ministers of this place they are in cor- 

Varick sticks to his j)iirpose, and asks to be placed some where 
else. They had attempted to remove him to Esopus, thinking 
that his church might be restored to peace by the letter from the 
Governor. But it was found to be too expensive, and probably it 
would have little effect. 

The newly erected church (in Garden street, New York) he 
thought of consecrating the next day. 

He also relates what an agitation there has been at Boston since 
his last letter, on account of pretended witchcraft, or an unknown 

He has also sent over, on a separate paper, some examples of 
persons who, on this account have paid the penalty with their 
lives. He relates that he had had a conference on this subject, 

as soon as was possible, with the first Dudley* 

there. Upon the joint petition of his Dutch, English and French 
Colleagues, they requested to have their judgement (on these sub- 
jects) in writing. Thereupon the persecution for such cause 
ceased, xxi. 338. 

* This was no doubt the celebrated Joseph Dudley, 1647-1720, who was frequently 
active in Massachusetts affairs. He was a philosopher, scholar, divine and lawyer. 
In 1690, he was made Chief Justice of New York.— E. T. C. 

OF THE State of I^Tew Yoek. 1047 

Letters from IsTew York. 

1693, Jan. 19tli. 

Rev. Westenhof, as Deputy ad res Maritimas, read at the meet- 
ing a certain letter written at ISTew York signed by Eevs. Selyns, 
Dellius and Varick. 

In this they very greatly complain about several matters re- 
lating to the general state of the church there, as well as about 
their own personal circumstances, as is more fully exhibited in 
their letter. They add the request that notice should be given of 
these matters, either by the Rev. Classis, or by the Rev. Synod 
of E^orth Holland, to the King of England, (V/illiam III. of 
Orange) ; and also that the same matter should be presented in 
prudent (weise) terms to the Governor of New England, (IsTew 
York and New England were then under one Governor) that re- 
dress may be sought from him, and that these brethren may receive 
all proper help, and be placed henceforth beyond the necessity of 

These three aforesaid brethren also write, that if they should be 
called to any other foreign churches, whether to Curacoa, or in 
India, or anywhere else, and should be informed thereof, by letter, 
that they would be glad to follow up such a call. 

The Classis was embarrassed and grieved on account of the 
distressful condition of those churches, and of the ministerial 
brethren there, and heartily wished they might serve and aid them 
in their necessities and inconveniences, according to their desire. 

But inasmuch as, in the meantime, another letter of a some- 
what different character and which was also written by Rev. 
Selyns, has been handed in by Rev. R. Eelandt; therefore the 
Assembly, after reading this letter, resolved that for the present 
nothing should be done in this case, except that the Deputies on 
the affairs of foreign churches, should write a letter, and send it 
thither (couched) in earnest terms. In this shall be recommended 
to the Ministerial brethren and elders there in the most elegant 


1048 Ecclesiastical Records 

(earnest ?) manner, mutual brotherly love, peace, and harmony. 
In the meantime the said Deputati ad res Maritimas shall keep 
the Rev. Varick favorably in mind, since he in this later (letter) 
seems yet to insist on a change, when any fit opportunity presents 
itself for another settlement, viii. 166-167; xix. 247. 

Governor Fletcher's Opening Address. 

1693, March 22. 

I remember that in the last sessions of Assembly 

I did recommend to you the settling of a ministry in this Province, 
that the worship of God may flourish amongst us, without which 
we cannot but expect a judgment to follow us and all our under- 
takings : I do not understand that you have made one step towards 
it; therefore I recommend it to your particular care this session. 
Council Journal, 35. 

Journal of Assembly, ISTew York, 1693. 

1693, April 1st, page 30. 

Ordered, That the committee formerly appointed for the set- 
tling of the Ministry and Schoolmasters, do forthwith proceed on 
that business. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Cokeespondence from America. 
Rev. Rudolphus Varick to Classis of Amsterdam, April 9, 1693. 
Reverend Fathers and Brethren in Christ: — 

I reported in my former letter, how lovingly I was received by 
my congregation, and how this love continued for some years : but 
now for about four years this love has been turned into excessive 
hatred. The cause was the change in the government here, the 
common people having called their old authorities traitors, papists, 
etc. The ministers, knowing that this was unjust, tried to per- 
suade the people of the fact, but they only drew forth the same 
vituperative expressions upon themselves. The furor of the com- 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1049 

men people ran very liigli, so that every body who did not escape, 
was taken by the throat, or, on feigned pretexts, thrown into prison. 
Merchants were forcibly stripped of their goods, in the name of the 
King. They went on plundering, in the name of the pretended 
magistrates. On our island, many Englishmen, especially, were 
robbed ; and from time to time unheard of tyranny was exercised, 
which is too tedious to write about. 

A new garrison, with its officers, arrived here in January 1691. 
The (new) Governor remained behind for some time, because he 
had to land another Governor at the Bermudas. The delivery of 
the fort was refused to these officers ; the soldiers were not ad- 
mitted. The people rushed from their houses to the fort, as (if 
to defend it) against a public enemy. They opened a brisk fire, 
and two were killed, and some wounded. Finally Governor Slater 
(Sloughter) landed, but the fort was three times refused to him. 
At last the mob deserted their leaders in fear, and the Governor 
took possession. Eight of the leaders, and among them two of my 
Elders, were condemned to death. Two of them were actually exe- 
cuted, and six recommended to the mercy of the King. 

How the court (in England) looked upon this affair, is shown by 
the fact, that the expelled Lieutenant Governor (J^icholson) was 
appointed to a similar office in Virginia three years ago; the for- 
mer members of the Council, who were imprisoned or had fled, 
were re-appointed by the King; and so far, no one of the other 
party has been appointed to an office in the government of this 

It was our misfortune, that the first Governor, (Sloughter) lived 
only a few months. Then the rabble pricked up their ears again ; 
that Governor had been a Popish rim-away; and their side was 
said to be approved at Court. The acting ministers, etc., were to 
hang. We feared a second revolt for almost a year. If it had 
occurred it would have cost much blood. 

Our second Governor, Benjamin Fletcher, arrived about six 
months ago, bringing the Court's approval of the proceedings here. 


1050 Ecclesiastical Hecoeds 

At first he employed mild measures with the people; but having 
been several times provoked by them, he was forced to show his 
colors, and now they fear him ; but at heart they are still the same. 

I was in prison for about months ; but, not like my fellow- 
prisoners with nailed up windows, or underground, or with irons 
on my legs. I was in a lighted chamber, with an imprisoned 
French Captain, from whom I thankfully learned French. I had 
done nothing else, than to warn my nearest neighbor, an Elder, who 
is still under sentence of de^th, that he should desist from acting 
so cruelly against respectable people; that the English had been 
greatly provoked by their losing the fort a second time ; and that 
such conduct would work his ruin. Ten months afterward, I was 
imprisoned and declared guilty of high treason. What our present 
Governor thinks of these proceedings is proved by an enclosed] 
letter of his to my Consistory. This I have had authenticated 
by the Secretary of the Government, who understands Dutch. My 
greatest fear was of being murdered while in prison. I was told 
to my face, that with the first shot from the fort all prisoners would 
be cut down on the spot. My wife because she was constantly 
threatened with pillage had to fly with everything. I have suffered 
much both by my imprisonment, and by the loss of goods, which 
were taken from me at K^ew York in the name of the King. 

I have not written to you for a long time, because I wanted to 
see the end of this tragedy, and did not wish to scatter my congre- 
gation. I always hoped to be able to continue here, as I still 
heartily desire to do, because the country suits me well, if only 
the people were better. But on the 12th of October 1692 I re-- 
quested your Reverences to send me a Classical dismission, and 
a call to East India, Suriname or Curacoa, where I can go directly 
from here, and I still adhere to it (necdum muto factum) for the 
following reasons: 

In the first sermon after my imprisonment, I forgave every- 
thing ; but for two years now I have not reached the fourth part 
of my former hearers as they were little more than rogues under 

OF THE State of Xew Yoke. 1051 

punishment. I have received but little of my salary in four years, 
and that only from a few special friends in my congregation: I 
do not yet see how I am to obtain my back pay. Ministers who 
serve here will have to live on their own fat. 

Our Governor, a very wise and pious man, has done his duty well 
towards the assistance of our church, as your Reverences may see 
from his letter. He has been the chief one to act in my behalf, and 
has spoken severely to certain ones. He also summoned my Con- 
sistory to appear before him in ]^ew York. He wrote me a second 
letter, dated the 10th of February 1692, that I should report to 
him the names of all deserters from the church, in order to frighten 
them etc. He has brouo'ht it about, that I now receive more of my 
salary, and that one half of the congregation comes to church. 
Lately I had one hundred and two communicants, out of five hun- 
dred members. But many remain obstinate, and want neither one 
thing nor another. Others are more influenced by fear, than by 

Two of my neighbors, excellent English ministers, have removed 
from here within two years, because of lack of support. I hear, 
that there are still four or five English ministers who remain at 
the East end of this island, for the people there are more pious 
and take better care of them. 

Formerly I preached twice a year on Staten Island and at Hack- 
ensack, and also administered the Lord's Supper, but on account of 
the difficulties mentioned they do not ask me any more. I hear 
now, however, from their neighbors, that there is a certain cooper 
from Sluys, William Bertholf, who is also school-master and pre- 
centor there. He is a man well known to me, of courageous but 
stubborn spirit, a Coelmanist by profession. He has violently 
urged on the revolting party. They chose him for about one 
fourth of our usual salary, to be their teacher, and he is about to 
take ship at the first opportunity, to be ordained by some Classis, 
perhaps that of Zeeland, or Sluys. If he succeed, there will soon 
more of his kind follow. I have another of the same temper and 


1052 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

style of thoiiglit under me ; and then they will make the ministers 
here afraid enough, as already they are, even if these (ordina- 
tions ?) could be prevented. 

Domine Selyns is no more loved by the factions party, than I 
am ; bnt his Reverence has more of the better element in his congi'e- 
gation, than I have. 

Domine Dellius betook himself away for fully half a year, in 
order to escape the late troubles, bnt it was against the wishes of 
bis congregation. Although there too the people were divided, 
yet the church was not so much interfered with. 

I hope that your Eeverences will duly consider the troubles of 
my condition during many years past. I have lived under con- 
stant hatred and contempt, such as I cannot express. Although 
I am friendly towards every body, and have all along interceded 
for many in distress ; I can give but little edification to the party 
opposed to me, having observed that the bitter feeling only in- 
creases from time to time ; and although the letters and the threats 
of the Governor frighten them, they also provoke them. 

As to my salary : It is true that I have long had authority from 
the government to enforce execution, but that would only embitter 
them still more. This causes me to renew my humble request that 
some pecuniary assistance be sent to me. You can write by this 
same brigantine, the " Dolphin ", which will quickly return here; 
so that in case of extreme necessity I may retreat to the East or 
West. I cannot sufficiently praise the kindness of the English and 
Dutch authorities of this Province, in trying to rescue me from 
my troubles. 

Before closing, I shall add something in regard to my journey or 
rather flight to the South River on the Yth of June 1690. I found 
in the whole of Pennsylvania only one Protestant Lutheran pastor, 
an old blind man. In passing I came to a Swede, called Capt. 
Israel.* He received me kindly. L^pon hearing that I was a 

* In another translation it is " Captain Seagrove ". There was an Israel Helme 
in Pennsylvania. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1053 

minister, he said tliat they would make an agreement with me to 
be their pastor, as their own minister had died the year before. 
I replied, You are Lutherans. He replied, There is, indeed, a lit- 
tle difference about the communion, but we shall not trouble our- 
selves about that. Then I told him that I had not come with any 
such design. I then came to a Dutch village, near Philadelphia, 
where, among others, I heard Jacob Telner, a Dutch Quaker, who 
preached there. Subsequently I lodged at his house in Philadel- 
phia. This village consists of forty four families, twenty eight 
of whom were Quakers ; the other sixteen are of the Reformed 
Church. I addressed those who had been received as members by 
Mr. Oyer ( ?). The Lutherans, Mennonites and Papists, all of 
whom are much opposed to the Quakers meet lovingly every Sun- 
day, when a Mennonite, Dirck Keyser from Amsterdam, reads a 
sermon from a book by Joost Harmensen. I was also en passant at 
Slu^i^er's, alias Vosman's, in IsTew Bohemia. They received me 
civilly. They were about sixteen in number, in their community 
(cloister) attending to agriculture. 

Coming at last to JSTew Castle I preached there on three Sun- 
days, and administered the communion ; I had there a little church 
full of people, Dutchmen, Swedes and Fins, (or French ?) 

In closing I wish for your Reverences God's strength and bless- 
ing, both on yourselves and your service, in maintaining and build- 
ing up God's distressed church in these dangerous days. 

I remain. 

Your Reverences very obedient servant and brother in 

Rudolphus Varick. 

On Long Island, 

in ISTew "JSTetherland, 

the 9th of April, 1693. 


1054 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

Acts of Deputies. Letters to jSTew York. 

1693, April 10th. 

In execution of the Article of the Eev. Classis, the letr- 

ters have been drawn up and despatched to Rev. Selyns at ISTew 
York, and to the brethren Varick and Dellius. This is recorded 
in the register of letters, xxi. 339. 

Governor Fletcher's Opening Address. 

1693, April 10. 

. " Gentlemen, the first thing that I did recom- 
mend to you at our last meeting was to provide for a ministry, and 
nothing is done in it. There are none of you but what are big with 
the privilege of Englishmen and MagTia Charta, which is your 
right ; and the same law doth provide for the religion of the church 
of England, against Sabbath breaking, swearing, and all other 
profanity. But as you have made it last and j)Ostponed it this ses- 
sion, I hope you will begin with it the next meeting, and do some- 
what towards it effectually." Council Journal, 39 : 

List of Civil Officers in ISTew York and Their Salaries. 

1693, April 20th. 

The total of these amount to one thousand seven hundred and twenty eight 
pounds. Among them occurs the following: " Allowed to Godfreedus Dellius, for 
teaching and converting the Indians, per annum sixty pounds. — Col. Docs. N. Y. 
Iv. 26. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Revs. Henricus Selyns, Eudol- 
phus Varik, Godfridus Dellius, April 20th 1693. xxvii. 215. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren in Christ : — 

We were moved with sorrow in our very souls at the reading of 
your letters. Of those sent, however, we have only received one, 
written from 'New York, signed by Rev. Henricus Selyns alone; 
and one sent some time before, written from ISTew York, October 

OF THE State of iSTEW Yokk. 1055 

12th 1692, and signed by Kevs. H. Selyns, Rudolplius Varik and 
Godf ridus Dellins ; and yet a third, following shortly after, written 
from ISTew York, December 30th, 1692. And how could we read 
without deep emotion of the vexations of our brethren in those 
far distant regions, as described in your letters ? not only of accu- 
sations against some of you, viz., that one had committed treason, 
(Crimen laesae majestatis), and another some similar offense; 
but even that you had been subjected to chains and fetters ; and, 
moreover, of such a grievous massacre, involving the life of Rev, 
Petrus Tessohenmaker, and of the irregular life of Rev. Lauren- 
tius van der Bosch, with his deposition. The only good news 
which we received in your letters was that Rev. Dellius had bap- 
tized and converted some savages, which is a matter of great grati- 
tude. We will not conceal from you that we were greatly embar- 
rassed as well as grieved by that first letter from Rev. Selyns. We 
did not know what was best to do in so perplexing a matter, es- 
pecially as no particulars were made known to us regarding the 
origin of those troubles, or the pretext for such proceedings. We 
know not through whom, nor upon whose complaint, they were 
started neither their character, whether political or ecclesiastical. 
Because we were not sufficiently informed about them, we dared 
not make any complaints at the court of his Royal Majesty, and 
seek redress. We suspected that the difficulties originated through 
the change of government in the kingdom of England. This change 
we cannot view otherwise than as a miracle from heaven for the 
salvation of Protestantism in general. We have supposed that 
with the departure of your Governor, as the result of that change 

— for your government must have been correspondingly changed 

— there was not sufficient unity in the direction of affairs, in con- 
nection with the new appointment; and that you, as individuals, 
as sometimes happens in such cases, became involved in the 
troubles. If this were so, we hope that the storm has already 
blown over, as is often the case in such sudden tempests ; for dis- 
orders generally accompany, at first, such remarkable revolutions. 

1056 Ecclesiastical Records 

We also infer from your later letters that the violence of the times, 
has actually begun to abate with the arrival of a peace-loving Gov- 

From the same letters, however, we also notice that there must 
have been disaffection between yourselves and your churches, since 
you were treated with all manner of affront, reproach and slander, 
and did not receive your regular salary. Such conditions would 
necessarily soon result in your departure from the place, and the 
destitution of those churches. It grieves us, Eev. Sirs and Breth- 
ren, in our very souls, to find you in such troubles. We desire and 
earnestly pray to the Great Shepherd of the sheep, that you may 
be permitted to continue to keep watch over those flocks, as before, 
with joy, and not with grief. Our earnest prayer to God in your 
behalf is all that we can yet contribute to your relief. 

We also counsel you and fraternally urge you, that you will, 
according to your usual wisdom and good judgement, overlook, as 
much as possible, many circumstances which have occurred by this 
revolution ; and that jou will strive to calm the minds of those 
church members who have been provoked and alienated, and thus 
win them to fellowship again. Choose in this your dispute that 
BpatSsu? (Col. 3:15, that arbiter,) to which Paul refers: "For- 
bearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have 
a quarrel against any; even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. 
And above all these things put on charity, which is the bond of per- 
f ectness. And let the peace of God RULE ( Bpa,3BUEzco ) in your 
hearts, to the which also ye are called in one Body; and be ye 
thankful " or amiable, lovely. Take in good part this word of ex- 
hortation, for we give the spurs to the willing horse. 

As regards the Rev. Brother Varik: Since he remains per- 
sistent in his request for a transfer, Ave shall not neglect to remem- 
ber him favorably, when a suitable opportunity occurs. Further- 
more, we have endeavored in the enclosed letters to your Consis- 
tories, to exhort them to peace, love and the acknowledgment of 
your services ; and especially to the payment of the salaries in 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1057 

which they have become delinquent. We have left these enclosures 
unsealed, so that you may first read them, and act pro re nata, de- 
livering, or not delivering them, according to circumstances. 

As for ourselves, the churches here, are still through God's spe- 
cial grace, in their usual condition. The war, however, still con- 
tinues, though it seems as if the campaign would begin this year 
somewhat later than last year. This is owing to lack in the maga- 
zines, which on account of the unfruitfulness of the preceding sum- 
mer, are not well supplied. The King, our stadtholder, reached 
us safely from England last week, in order to regulate and com- 
mand our armies and navies. Meanwliile we cease not to ask God 
for his favor on his Majesty's person and plans, as well as upon the 
arms of this coimtry and her allies, that we may finally reach de- 
sired rest and peace. Herewith commending you to the Chief 
Shepherd of the sheep, from whom the unfading cro^vn of glory 
is to be obtained, we remain, 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren in Christ. 

In the name of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
Your Reverences' etc., etc. 
(jSTames not always reeoTded in the Volumes of Correspondence.) 

Acts or the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Consistories of The Dutch 
Reformed Churches in jSTew Motherland, April 20, 1693. 
xxvii. 218. 

Reverend Brethren : — 

We have learned v>'ith great sorrow of heart of the disasters 
which have occurred, and have existed for some .time in your far 
distant regions. These storms and tempests have arisen there, ap- 
parently, ilirough the necessary changes in your government re- 
sulting from the salutary change of government in the Kingdom 
of England. Among you, a change seems either to have been made 
prematurely, or otherwise it was not well managed. We do not 
know exactly how it occurred, but the circumstances have caused an 



1058 Ecclesiastical Records 

alienation between the pastors and their churches. Possibly this 
condition of affairs arose from something else, which we do not 

At all events, we want earnestly to assure you, that it \vill be a 
great joy to us if we can heal the breach, and remove the complaints 
of the one against the other ; for where the noise of the hammer 
exists, the temple is not builded. If unpleasant things have oc- 
curred among you during these troubles, they ought not to be con- 
sidered of any more consequence than the words or actions of one 
in the delirium of a severe fever. You will not think it ill of us 
that we desire earnestly to exhort and beseech you in this matter, 
and to impress upon the churches what the great Apostle to the 
gentiles, in behalf of the extension of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus 
Christ among the gentiles, considered so very necessary, and pre- 
sented so vividly in 1 Thess. 5: 1 1-1 3, ---"■ Wherefore, comfort 
yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do. And 
we beseech you, brethren, to know them who labor among you, and 
are over you in the Lord, and admonish you ; and to esteem them 
very highly in love for their work's sake, and be at peace among 
yourselves." — ]S[ow comforting and edifying one another are not 
properly interpreted, when it is asserted that there is no need of 
ministers. And ministers are not properly honored when you are 
not at peace with them. Therefore w^e have written in similar style 
to your ministers, doubting not that they will permit nothing to 
be lacking on their side. How" sad it is when they who watch for 
souls as they who must give account, cannot do it with joy, but only 
with grief, and with the prospect even of being compelled to leave 
the field. This would be unprofitable to you, and the loss could 
not easily be made up. We, therefore, beseech you for the love 
of the Gospel, to direct all things to such an end, that the church, 
so useful to you, may be kept in love, peace and harmony; that 
the service of the Word may be accounted holy among you, and 
may be honored ; that the ministers may receive their proper sal- 
aries, and your promises in this respect be fulfilled. Otherwise the 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1059 

light will be extinguished. Thus also we, though absent from you 
in the flesh, but present in the spirit, will be joyful with your 
good order and steadfastness in Christ; for these Christian traits 
make the church to be fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terri- 
ble as an army with banners. Further, Brethren, we commend 
you to God and the Word of his grace, who is able to build you up 
and give you an inheritance with all the saints. 
In the name of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 

Yours etc. 

Acts of the Deputies and theie Correspondence. 

The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of the Province, 
especially that of New York, in reference to the increase of the 
Minister's salarj^, and the payment of arrears. Dated Amster- 
dam, April 11/22, 1693. xxi. 339. 

To the Rev. Consistories of the Dutch Congregations in the City 
and Province of New York: 

Reverend Brethren: — 

We have learned with great sorrow of the troubles which have 
for some time existed in your remote Province ; of the storms and 
tempests which arose, as it appears, from a change of government 
there, proceeding from the salutary change of government in the 
Kingdom of England. This change with you, whether unseason- 
ably attempted or not well begun, or for some other reason, has 
produced an alienation between the ministers and their congrega- 
tions, unless, indeed, the diflSculty has originated from some other 
cause, of which we know nothing. We can assure you that it 
would be a great joy to us, if we could remove this breach, and the 
mutual recriminations ; for where the stroke of the hammer is 
heard, the temple is not built. 

If anything is to be accomplished in troubles of this kind, the 
treatment must be none other than such as is used with a man with 
a high fever. You will not take it ill that we have paternally 
warned and entreated you, to instill into the congregation what 


1060 Ecclesiastical Records 

the great Apostle to the Gentiles represented as so necessary and 
so effective, 1 Thess. v. 11-^13 ; " 'Wherefore comfort yourselves 
together, and edify one another, even as also ye do. And we be- 
seech you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, and are 
over you in the Lord, and admonish you ; and to esteem them very 
highly in love for their works' sake. And be at peace among your- 
selves ". — These things, belonging to each other, the mutual ad- 
monishing, and the mutual edifying, are not properly apprehended, 
when any consider that a minister is unnecessary. And the min- 
isters are not " well known " when the people are not at peace 
among themselves. We have also written for this purpose, to your 
ministers, not doubting that they will leave anything wanting on 
their part. For what would happen, if they who watch for souls 
and who must give in their account, cannot give it with joy, but 
must do it with grief. Similar is it, when for such reasons, they 
are compelled to leave. That would not be profitable to you, but 
would be a loss not easy to redress. 

We pray you then, for the love of the Gospel, to direct all 
things in such a way that the Church of God may be kept in love, 
peace, and unity; that the Ministry of the Word may be regarded 
as an office sacred and honored ; and that the ministers themselves 
be paid them that which is their due, and your promises in that 
matter be fulfilled ; for without attending to such a matter, the 
light goes out. Then we also, although absent from you in the 
fiesh, yet present in the spirit, may rejoice, as we behold your 
good order, and the firmness of your faith in Christ ; for it is these 
two things, your good order and your steadfastness in the faith, 
which make the Church fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and 
terrible as an army with banners. 

Brethren, we commend you to God and the Word of his grace. 
In the name of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
Your obedient servants, friends and brethren 
in the Lord, 

A. Westerhoff, Pres. etc 
John Smith, Scribe, etc. 

OF THE State of New York. 1061 


Letters to ISTew York. 

1693, May 4th. 

And on this occasion did Rev. Westerhof make known, that 
the Deputies ad res Extraneas, by direction and order of this As- 
sembly, had written two seperate letters to N'ew York, in reply 
to those of Rev. Selyns : namely, one to the three preachers ; and 
another to the elders there. In each of these there was recom- 
mended to them mutual love and peace. The brethren were 
thanked for their trouble in this matter, viii. 168. 

A Petition to Goveenok Fletchee. 

To His Excellency Benj. Fletcher Captain Generall and Governour in Cheife of 
ye Province of New Yorke Pensilvania New Castle and Countries Depending 
thereon in America etc., and Vice Admirall of ye same. [June, 1693.] 
The humble Peticon of warner wessells and antie Christians, Sheweth — 

That the Sonne of ye said warner wessells and ye husband of ye said antje 
Christiaens being taken Slaues unto Salley by ye Infidels your Excellency was 
Pleased upon there humble Request to graunt them a Brleffe to collect and Receive 
ye free and bountifull Charity of all good Christians within this Province for ye 
Redemption of ye said misei'able Persons but in Regarde ye humble Petitioners 
are no ways fitt or qualifyed to collect ye said Benevolence but have so farr Pre- 
vailed with ye Church Wardens and Ministers of this Citty to Collect and Receive 
ye same, doe humbly Pray. 

That your Excellency would be pleased to graunt a BriefC in such a form as ye 
annexed is which was directed to ye Ministers and Church Wardens upon ye like 
occasion when a vessel was taken by ye Turks in ye year 1678. and that they may 
be Impowered to collect one hundred pounds, which is ye Somme that will Redeem 
ye said miserable Persones ye overplus if any be to be delivered as your Excellency 
shall see meet to be Employed for ye like pious uses. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 252, 

Collections to Ransom Captives in Salee. 

1693, June 8. 
Proclamation by Governor Fletcher. Collections to be taken up 
for the redemption of slaves in Salee, (Sally, Zalee.) 
'' To all Officers and Ministers, ecclesiastical and civil through- 
out all the Provinces under my Government, etc." 

" Inasmuch as I have been certainly informed that the son 
of Warner Wessels, who is also the husband of Annetje Christians, 
citizens and seamen of this City of ISTew York, while following 

1062 Ecclesiastical Records 

their vocation, have been taken to Salee, where they are now in 
wretched slavery, under the power of the infidels, (the Mohamme- 
dans on the IsTorth Coast of Africa) ; and that their friends are 
not able to raise a sufficient ransom for their redemption and 
freedom. I have, therefore, upon their application to me, by and 
with the consent of the Council, and in Christian love, and from 
compassion of the hard service, baerheyt and bonds of these per- 
sons, granted, and as i do hereby grant permission and liberty to 
the said Warner Wessels and Annetje Christiaens, to solicit and 
receive free and voluntary gifts from all Christians under my 
Government, both in public Assemblies and in private houses. 
And in order to prevent any irregularity among those who may 
make the collections, all ministers and preachers, where there are 
churches, or where public and private Assemblies are held, are 
commanded to publish a true copy of this permit, by openly read- 
ing the same, and subsequently by posting it on the doors or other 
public places, and admonishing the people to all Christian love, in 
order that at the next meeting, they may receive the fee and volun- 
tary gifts of the people for the said purpose. And where there 
are no churches or places of public gathering, the constables are 
hereby commanded to go about in their special localities, having 
a true copy of this Permit, and collect gifts of good Christians for 
said purpose. 

Of the said gifts and charity, the said ministers or preachers, 
and constables shall keep an accurate account which they shall 
hand over, together with the money collected by virtue of this Per- 
mit, and without delay, to Stephen Van Cortland, Esq., Peter 
Jacobs Marius, Johannes Kerfbyll, and Johannes Kip, who are 
hereby authorized to receive the same, and to pay it over, or so 
much of it as may be necessary, for the redemption of the said 
captives from their slavery by ways and means which may be 
found most convenient. 

I^evertheless, there is this condition, that if, perchance, there 
should be an overplus, above the price of their ransom, or if any 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1063 

of them have died, or have been redeemed by other means, that 

then the said Stephen van Courtlandt, Esq., Peter Jacobs Marius, 

Johannes Kerfbyll and Johannes Kip shall render account to me, 

or to the Governor or Commander for the time being of the sums 

collected, or the overplus of the same, or of the ransom of any 

of them, that the same may be applied to a similar or some other 

pious use, but which may be employed for no other purpose or 

object whatsoever (ter werelt.) 

Given under my hand and seal in Fort William Henry on the 

8th day of June, 1693. 

Ben. Fletcher. 

The same Lisense or Liberty which is given to ye friends of 
ye within named prisoners I give likewise to the Petitioner upon 
ye account of Bartholomew Rousston John Crage and William 
Green, Sailers taken in ye same Vessell and now Prisoners with 
them The money to be gathered and disposed of as within directed 
and equally towards ye Redemption of all five Witness my Hand. 

Ben. Fletcher. 
Lib. A. 77.— Doc. Hist. K Y. iii. 253. 

(This Proclamation was printed by William Bradfordt, and is 
supposed to be the first specimen of printing in the Colony. A 
printed copy is in the Church Book of the Dutch Church of Xew 
York, of which the above is a translation and abstract.) Lib. A. 


I. Memorandum of all that was received by virtue of the Order 
or x\uthorization for the ransom of slaves in Salee, according to 
the special Act of 1693. 

New York City ' £245 .13.1. 

Stuyvesants Bouvverie 2.13.4 1/2. 

New Harlem 2 . 6.3. 

Bergen and Gomoenopa (Communipaw) 10.14.3. 

Acquecquenown and Hackensacq 19.17.4 1/2. 


1064 Ecclesiastical Recokds 


Gravensant (Gravesend) 19.6. 

Boscliwyck 2 . 6.4. 

Zuydthold (Southold) Y. 0.0. 

Staten Island, French Chiircli 3 . 0.0. 

Midwoudt, (Flatbush) 4.14.3. 

Breiickelen 5.10.7 1/2 

'New Amersfort (Flatlands) 6. 7.7 1/2 

Jamaica 1 . 7.0. 

New Thuyn (I^Tewtown) 14.18.6. 

Xew Kockell (IsTew Roclielle) 1.10.4 1/2 

Zuydt Hampton (South Hampton) 3.16.6. 

City of Albanen 29.19.0. 

Guyanes (Gowanus) 1.17.111/2 

362. 2.0. 
Fred. Philipzen (a bond of 100 guilders) 12.10.0. 


II. Memorandum of all the Christians and K^egroes who sub- 
scribed, according to the Order of his Majesty, A. D. 1697. ( ?) 

Of 'New York City: Males, 946 persons.. 

"Women, 1018 

Young Men, 864 " 

Young women and maidens, 899 '' 

IsTegroes, 209 " 

Xegresses, 205 " 

Negro young men and women, 161 " 

Total ^ 4302 " 

Says Dr. Berrian in his History of Trinity Church, " In 1697 
it was found that these captives had either escaped or died, or 
that it was unnecessary to relieve them. Trinity Church, there- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1065 


fore, applied to the Governor^ to have the moneys collected, paid 
over to them, to be employed in finishing their Church. Their 
request was granted, but the Committee refused ; but in the follow- 
ing year, they consented. On April 10, 1705, Trinity Church 
acknowledges the receipts of certain wares from Holland, which 
represented the sum sent thither, for the redemption of slaves out 
of Sally, and which when sold, amounted to four hundred and 
forty eight pounds." 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Godfreidus Dellius, minister in Albany, to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, June 15, 1693. 

Highly Respected Gentlemen : — 

I would not have dared to humble you with this letter, if I 
did not feel it to be my duty to express to you my profound re- 
spect. The letters sent by brothers Selyns and Varick, will have 
informed you of the state of the church in this land. I have 
nothing to add, except to give you an account of the circumstances 
of my own church. The horrors of the war were so terrible, that 
former centuries do not give us any similar example. Our church 
has diminished daily in the number of members ; but respect 
towards, and satisfaction with myself and my services have not 
diminished. I wish that I could say the same of the above-named 
Brethren and their churches. Yet affairs are apparently becom- 
ing somewhat better now. The newly established church among the 
heathen, gTOws considerably under my guidance. ISTotwithstand- 
ing the war I can count two hundred converts, so that I can plainly 
see the blessing of God upon my work. This makes the labor 
easier. The government also takes more interest -than formerly 
in the continuation of this pious work, and has promised to make 
compensation to me for these extra services. I only wish that this 
care and burden did not rest entirely on my shoulders ; for I 

1066 Ecclesiastical Records 

easily perceive into wiiat straits the church would come, both as 
to services, and policy (of winning the Indians) if I should die 
or leave ; as there is yet nobody who could take charge of it. 

Besides the charge of my own church, I also have charge of 
those of Schenectady and Esopus. The former will be utterly 
unable, for a number of years to come, to call and support a 
minister. The latter, about eight or ten weeks ago, resolved to 
write to you to send them a minister, upon a salary of about six 
hundred (another translation says nine hundred) giiilders, Hol- 
land currency, together with free house and fuel. They are 
only waiting for the approbation of the Governor, who is at present 
out of the Province, else said church of Esopus would already have 
sent their letter of Call. Highly respected Sirs, I make the 
earnest request that, when the opportunity offers, you will look 
after the welfare of that church. I further pray that you will 
favorably remember me, who considers himself fortunate in hav- 
ing the honor to call himself, 

Reverend Gentlemen, . 

Your humble and obedient servant, 
Godfridus Dellius. 

Letter from Rev. Varick. 

1693, June 27th. 

The clerk also handed a letter written in (from) Long Island, 
in ]S[ew Motherland, which Island is now named ^Nassau (by Act 
of 1693, in honor of William III,) by Rev. Rudolphus Varick, 
minister there, dated April 4th, 1693. In this he communicates 
and makes known circumstantially the extremity (noodt) and in- 
convenience as well as the perilous imprisonment to which he was 
subjected, and in which he continued for more than five months, 
(1690-1) together with his happy deliverance from his prison, 

and the good fortune that he now enjoys, being in 

favor with the present Governor. The same wrote in his interest 
to his congregation, and particularly to his opponents, as appears 
from the copy of said letter, written by his Excellency the Gov- 

OF THE State of IsTew Yosk, 1067 

ernor, and which was enclosed in that of Kev. Varick. In this 
the church and all its members are most earnestly admonished to 
observe their proper dnty towards their minister. 

Some hope therefore does suggest itself, that all may yet turn 
out well, and to the satisfaction of Kev. Varick. But inasmuch 
as he might subsequently find himself deceived in this hope, he 
would adhere (inhere) to his previous written request, made to 
the Rev. Classis, that he might be called by her to go either to 
East India, Curacoa or Suriname, that he may have a safe abode 
somewhere, with a call of such a character that he and his family 
can subsist thereon. He also earnestly requests that an eye may 
here be kept on a certain Guilljam Bartholdt, a cooper by trade, 
but now a schoolmaster. In a certain place, he has let himself be 
called as their minister for the fourth part of the salary at which 
ministers are usually called. He is a man of very restless spirit ; 
one who having attained his object here, would seek to fish in 
troubled waters there. Rev. Varick is of the opinion that this 
man should be watched, because he surmises that he is going over 
with this ship, and will wander about here among the Classes, 
in order to see where he might most readily be examined and 
qualified as a minister. In case he should succeed in this. Rev. 
Varick fears that there might be other persons of the same schis- 
matic humor who would follow his example. By such persons 
much disquiet would be brewed, and much trouble caused to the 
churches and especially to the ministers there. He and all the 
other ministerial brethren there earnestly wish that these things 
may be prevented. 

The Classis rejoices in the happy deliverance (from prison) 
of Rev. Varick, and agrees to heed his suggestions and request, 
as far as may be possible, viii. 181, 182; xix. 249. 

Rev. Claude Dablon to the Rev. Godfeedius Dellius. 

From Quebeq in Canida the first of July 1693. 

Father Milett, who is among the Indians at Oneyde, a prisoner, has let me know 
the bounty you have for him, and the charity which you have exercised towards 
him by the presents which you have made to him in his necessity. I pray God with 


1068 Ecclesiastical Recosds 

all my heart to recompeace you which doth not hinder that I find myselfe obleiged 
to return to you my acknowledgements by this latter, and to assure you if I 
could render you any service here or elsewhere, and if there was anything in the 
countrey of Canida which was agreeable to you, it would be great satisfaction to 
me to demonstrate how much I am sensible of the benefits you have bestowed soe 
graciously upon the poor fCather. I persume still to desire you Sr. to continue, if 
possible, to assist him in his necessity, and I will order you satisfaction in what 
port of France you please, either at Rochell or elsewhere, where you can have a 
correspondence, and to let me know it either by the same father Milett or any 
other way, for I shall spare nothing of what is to be paid for that which you shall 
be pleased to furnish him with, it will be an augmentation of the goodnesse you 
have towards him, and oblige me to acknowledge the same more and more before 
God; expecting the same occasion may present to manifest by the effects that I 
am with all my heart, due respects, and possible gratitude 


Your most humble and most 

Obedient Servant in our Lord, 

Claude Bablin. (Dablon.) 
Superiour of the Jesuits of Canida. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 48, 49. 
To Monsieur 

Monsieur Godevridus Dellius 
At Albany. 

Major Peter Schuyler to Governor Fletcher. 

July '25, 1693. 
May it please your Excellency. 

Last night about Eight a Clock Jurian the Maquase whom I had sent to Ouondage 
with some River Indians to get the certainty of the late news of the French come- 
ing upon the Five Nations, arrived here and said it was all stories; But he had 
letters from Canada, the Jesuits messeinger being returned two days before he 
came to Oneyde; I was in hopes the Oneydes according to their promise had taken 
the Packet before it had come to the Jesuits hand, and' soo sent it hither: but 
perruseing the Subscription, found there were two letters directed to Domine 
Dellius, the one from the Jesuit himself, the other from the Superior at Canada. 
I asked why they did not take the letters and send them heither as your Excellency 
had commanded; but Jerian tells me the Jesuit hath as great authority in Oneyde 
as any Sachim of them all, and rules the roast there soe that little good can be 
expected soe long as they are guided by our Enemy. Your Excellenc.y will perceive 
what the French would be at, by the said two letters to Dr. Dellius, which I 
believe are writt by the Governor of Canidy's Induction. Therefore I shall not 
need to comment upon them. I thought this business of such moment that I was 
once in the minde to come down and waite upon your Excellency for advice, but 
fearing other accidents might happen in the meantime, I have perswaded Domine 
Dellius and Mr. Livingston to goe down express and waite upon your Excellency 
to give you a full Information of the businesse. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 47. 

Rev. Father Milet to Rev. Mr. Dellius. 

Oneyde 31st July, 1693. 
Sr. the peace of Jesus Christ. 

I add these few lines to the letter which our Reverend Father, the Superior, 
hath write to you; which is to advise you that Tarriha my brother and hospes, 
(who was gone to Canida as the Oneydes did signify by a belt of wampum which 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1069 

was sent to Albany), is returned; he brings wltJi him a collarr of wampum, accom- 
panyed with a letter by which the Count of Frontinac, Governor of Canida, doth 
declare to us that it is none of his fault that the whole world, and above all, the 
Iroquis Indians (being the five Nations), doe not come to a peace, although he is 
in a condition more than ever to resist his Enemyes and annoy them when he shall 
see cause. 

He hath put a stop to all the fighting partyes who joyned together and were 
ready to depart upon their several designs, and he himselfe, as was said, to be 
upon the way, and above Mount Reall, has promised to Tarreha not to proceed till 
the term o_f two months be expired, that he lett him. Moreover he invites all the 
Iroquois Indian Nations to send each two Deputyes, to treat with him of means to 
procure a peace, which the Christians of Oneyde have desired of him. 

He promises an intire assureance to tlie said Deputyes, in comeing and goeing, 
lett the issue be what it will. 

Yon shall, if you please, let all your Gent know the whole premesse, that they 
may not on their parts hinder or obstruct the great good of a peace, which is' 
wished by all people of good inclinations, as well as by the Christians of Oneijde, 
who doe pray all the world to make it their interest to assist and favour them in 
soe pious a designe. I am with my heart and respect. 


Your most humble and most 

Obedient Servant in Our Lord, 
Pieter Milett, of the Company of Jesus. 

The Oneydes causes me to add, that the young Indian boy be not brought them, 
which they would have given them at Albany, but that some body may be brought 
to them who understands the Scriptui'es well. 

Juriaen the Maquas, being come here with some River Indians, to informe him- 
selfe of the present affaires, he has understood by Tarriha that the Indians of 
Canida have brought nine scalps from towards Boston, and that Sajatese and 
Onontaquirott are named, to be the heads of that party who have done this fact, 
soe that he believes that the Maquaes and River Indians who are put in prison 
at Pekamptekook are wrongfully accused, and he and the other Indians complain 
that they are scandalized by false suspicions, and that they are alsso calumnized, 
as we see now that the letters were which were sent to Onondage three or four 
years agoe, of which was said quite contrary things than the letter did import. 
Wherefore they desire me to add, that nothing may be altered in the last letter, 
which they cause me to write. I have read tlie same before the French that are 
here, and keep a copy of it, and all shall be examined in the meeting that is to be 
held at Onondage. I would add more things to this, but time will not permitt. I 
am a servant of the English, and am ready to sacrifice myselfe for them, if they 
would only let me know wherein I can serve them. 

The Reverend Father Lamberville writes me from Paris, that he see Mr. Nelson 
there, who was taken prisoner towards Boston; he says likewise in short of me 
that I am a servant of the English, and that if they know us they would not 
mistrust us as they declare they doe. I am obliged to them, that they have 
declared they have wished to see me released from that imprisonment of the 
Indians, but it seems it is God that keeps me there, and I believe that none but 
he can deliver me. I alsoe comfort myselfe in my imprisonment that I am a 
prisoner of Jesus Christ. 

I pray again that the English Gentlemen would remember, that I have formerly 
contributed to the sending home of seven English, who were prisoners there: they 
passed all throw Albany and among the rest two young children, who were cloathed 
in black of my own cloaths. Their mother told me if ever I came to Virginia or 
Maryland, that she would come tenn miles to meet me — the last that was sent 
was a young girle, which the Annastogus had brought prisoners here, for which 
Major Andros, who was then Governor of New Yorke, did promise four Indians 


1070 Ecclesiastical Records 

women. I am not in the least thanked hitherto for it. Probably he was gone to 
England when the girle was sent back. Be it as it will, We expect noe reward but 
from God. I say this only to witnesse that I am a servant of the English 
Gentlemen, and its known in Canida and in France. 

I add this to that, it is the same Count de Prontiuac who sent formerly twenty 
English throw Albany back to Boston, and that he took the hatchett from the 
River Indians who had taken them prisoners. I knew that the Envoys, who con- 
veyed them, were received with trumpetts sounding at Boston, and well treated 
during the six dayes they were there, etc. 

From whence is it then that the troubles doe continue soe long, and that it is 
refused to hearken to a good peace which would prevent the killing and murdering 
of the people, as is now done. 

The innocent suffer with the guilty. 

A true Copy. 

(Signed) M. Clarkson, Secretary. 

Endorsed, New York 1693. 

The Copy of the translation of a letter from Milett Jesuite prisoner at Oneyde 
one of the free Nations of Indians and aiioyr. from the Superior of Canida Mr. 
Godfrey Dellius Minister of Albany etc. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 49, 50. 
Received 26 Sept. 1693, 
from Col. Fletcher. 
B. F. 
P. 9. 

Governor Fletcher to the Sachims of the Five ISTations. 

31st of July 1693. 

I have often told you that the priest Milett would betray all your Councills soe 
long as he lives amongst you which now plainly appears for he hath refused to 
deliver the pakett from Canida to be sent unto me least the poison should be 


Since it is manifest that it is by means of that Jesuite Milett that the Brethren 
of Oneyde are soe farr deluded as to receive the belt of Wampum hold corre- 
spondence with your and our enemy and propose a meeting at Onondage to consider 
of an answer to that poisonous belt all which defiles the covenant chain I doe 
expect that you will abhor the thoughts of consenting thereunto and for a further 
testimony of your innocency in this matter cause the old priest Milett with all 
his papers to be sent unto me according to the promise and agreement that our 
peace and quiet and the unity amongst the brethren which hath continued soe 
long, may not now be broaken and disturbed by his means but flourish while the 
sun shines. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 51. 

Journal of Major Dirck Wessel's Embassy^ to Onondaga. 

1693, Aug. 11. 

Then Canossadeor the priests Master forbid hira to goe up, the Priest replyed 
What would they have of me I have no papers touching publick affairs only some 
letters from my Neece and other particular friends who salute me. Those of any 
concerne are already gone to Albany I told them there was no letters come to his 
Excellency only one to Domine Dellius whereiu he is thanked for his kindness to 
the Priest.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 59, 60. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1071 


Synod of Korth Holland, at Haarlem. 

1693, Aug. 14-24. 
Article 9. 
Extract from a letter from ^ew York, of October 12, 1692, signed 
by Revs. Seleins, Dellius and Yarick. 

They greatly complain of several things touching the state of 
the churches there, in general, as well as the condition of them- 
selves, in particular, as is more fully expressed in this letter. 

Also they make request that knowledge be given of this fact, 
either by the Rev. Classis, or by the Rev. Synod of ISTorth Hol- 
land, to his Royal Majesty of Great Britain; also that it might 
be written of in serious terms to the Governor of jSTew England, 
(ISTew York), and from the same redress be asked in this matter; 
so that these brethren may thus be helped, and placed beyond the 
need of complaining. Also, all three of these brethren write ; that 
if they might be called to any other foreign churches, either to 
Curacoa, to the (East) Indies, or elsewhere, and they be informed 
thereof in ^^Titing, that they would be glad to follow up such 
calls. They concluded with a salutation. 

Extract from a letter from Rev. Rudolphus Yarick, written from 
Long Island, in ^ew IsTetherland, April 9, 1693. 

He complains of the indifference of his congregation about his 
imprisonment, about the lack of salary, and tells of his happy 
release. He requests to have another place. 

He concludes with a salutation. 

Extract from a letter from ISTew York written by Rev. Henricus 
Selyns, dated May 1, 1693. 

He makes known that the church there as well as in the neighbor- 
ing localities, have been disturbed for some time past by certain 
distressing incidents. It was now indeed brought to a better state, 

1072 Ecclesiastical Records 

and enjoyed peace; but lie still complains that most of liis salary 
is in arrears, and, indeed, it seemed not possible to secure con- 
tributions and pay up wbat was behind. 

He gives further information that a certain Gilliam Barthold, 
a cooper and Koelmanite, from Sluis, in Flanders, has received 
letters-of-call from some members of AcqiTackanonck, and Hacken- 
sack, without any ministers ; accordingly he warns by letter, the 
Classis of Walcheren, to which the said Guilliam Barthold thinks 
to refer himself, and requests that the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
will also please to do its part in this business, by means of an 
accompanying note ; and he expects a reply to this, as well as to 
his former letters. 

He concludes with salutations. 

Further, the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam also reports, that since 
the Synod last held (August 1692), no more letters have come to 
it from the (East) Indies, nor any letters from Smyrna, or else- 
where in the Levant, nor from Muscovy. 

The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam is thanked for its communica- 
tion, and the Rev. Deputati Synodi are instructed and requested 
to continue in their efforts as heretofore put forth, regarding In- 
dian affairs ; for which also they are thanked. Also to carry 
out what further was given them in charge by the Messrs. XVII 
(East India Company), or by Counselor van Dam; as also to 
memorialize his Royal Majesty of Great Britain in regard to the 
condition of the churches of 'New jSTetherland, and to commend 
them in the most earnest manner. 

Minutes of the Classis of Middelburg, Sept. 2, 1693. 
Article 9. Guillaume Bertholf, at present Voorleser in the con- 
gregation of two towns in New JSTetherlands, presented a memorial 
sigTied by many members of the congregation, requesting that they 
might preserve him as their ordinary minister and pastor. It was 
resolved that the subject should be acted on to-morrow. 

OF THE State of InTew York. 1073 

September 3, 1693. 
Article 5. Giiillaume Bertholf, mentioned imder Article 9 in 
yesterday's session, appeared and presented his petition in the 
name of the chnrch and congregation in l^ew ISTetherlands. The 
Classis, taking into consideration the anxious desire of the church 
there for the stated ministry of the word and ordinances, and their 
peculiar attachement to the person of Mr. Bertholf, and being un- 
willing to interpose any hindrance, deem it proper to admit him 
to a proof of his gifts and qualiiications. The examination to be 
conducted by the President, and to be held fourteen days hence. 

September 16, 1693. 

Article 8. Guillaume Bertholf, according to Article 5 of the 
Classis 3rd of September, having delivered his discourse on Mat- 
thew xi. 28, gave such satisfaction that he was admitted to his 
full examination, and in this examination he exhibited such proofs 
of his qualifications that the Classis granted the request of the 
Churches of Hackensack and Aquackenonk to obtain him as their 
stated minister and pastor, and consequently approved the call 
which they have made upon him. The Classis then unanimously 
resolved to ordain him to the work of the ministry by the laying 
on of hands, and to install him in the pastoral charge of the 
churches by which he is called. The Classis proceeded to this 
service, when a sermon was preached by the adsessor, Dominus 
Hugo Futs, and the form of ordinary read by the President, Dom. 
Abraham Duyvelaer. The ordination by the laying on of hands 
then took place, when the ordained brother was declared to be in- 
vested with the pastoral care of the above named churches to be 
ruled according to the order of our Church. He then, with this 
view^, signed the usual formula. 

GovEBNOK Fletcher's Opening Address. 

1693, Sept. 12. 
"I recommended to the former Assembly the 

settling of an able ministry, that the worship of God may be ob- 



1074 Ecclesiastical Records 

served among us, for I find that great and first duty very much 
neglected. Let us not forget that there is a God who made us, 
who will protect us if we serve him. This has always been the 
first thing I have recommended, yet the last in your considera- 
tion. I hope that you are all satisfied of the great necessity atld 
duty that lies upon you to do this, as you expect his blessings upon 
your labors ". Council Journal, 42. 

JorRNAL OF Assembly. 1693. 

1693, Sept. 13, page 32. 

The Committee for the settling of a Ministry, desired till to- 
morrow for their report. 

1693, Sept. 14. 

The speaker brought in the bill for settling the Ministry, and 
raising a maintenance for them in the four counties, (New York, 
Westchester, Kings and Queens.) It was read a first and second 

1693, Sept. 19. 

The report of the committee concerning a Chapel was read, and 
referred to the same committee. ' 

1693, Sept. 21, page 34. 

The bill for the settling of a Ministry, was read a third time 
and passed; and sent to the Governor (Fletcher.) 

1693, Sept. 22, page 34. 

The House refused to pass the Amendment suggested by the 

Ministry Settlement Bill. 

1693, Sept. 22. 

Ordered, The Bill for settling a ministry, read the third time. 

The Bill for settling a ministry is assented unto by the Gov- 
ernor and Council with this amendment: That in the last sheet 
between the lines 3rd and 4th be inserted — " and presented to 

OF THE State of !N"ew York. 1075 

the Governor to be approved and collated." Ordered, William Pin- 
horne Esq., do present the said Bill with amendment to the Rep- 
resentatives and desire their consent thereunto and that he do tell 
them to despatch the business before them, time being precious, 
and a charge growing upon the country. 

Mr. Pinhorne returned that he had delivered his message; that 
they made answer they had no business before them ; they waited 
his excellency's pleasure and that they would immediately despatch 
this present Bill, with (out ?) amendment. Council Journal, 47. 

1693, Sept. 22. 

The clerk of the Council did acquaint the Board that the Rep- 
resentatives had refused to amend the Bill for settling a min- 
istry, etc., having signified the same under their Speaker's hand 
annexed to the Bill, which was brought up after the Council was 
adjourned in the forenoon. 

The Representatives were at once summoned into the Council 

His Excellency said : 

Gentlemen ; 

There is also a Bill for settling a ministry in this city and some 
other counties of the government. In that thing you have showQ 
a great deal of stiffness. You take upon you as if you were 
dictators. I sent down to you one amendment of three or four 
words in that Bill, which, though very immaterial, yet was posi- 
tively denied. I must tell you it seems very unmannerly. There 
never was an amendment yet desired by the Council Board but 
what was rejected. It is the sign of a stubborn ill temper, and 
this have also passed. But, gentlemen, I must take leave to tell 
you, if you seem to understand by these words (calling the min- 
ister) that none can serve without your collation or establishment, 
you are far mistaken ; for I have the power of collating or sus- 
pending any minister in my government by their Majesties letters 


1076 Ecclesiastical Records 


patents, and whilst I stay in the government I will take care that 
neither heresy, sedition, schism nor rebellion be preached amongst 
yon, nor vice and profanity encouraged. It is my endeavor to 
lead a virtuous and pious life and to give you a good example. 
I wish you all to do the same. You ought to consider that you 
have but a third share in the legislative power of the government, 
and ought not to take all upon you, nor be so peremptory. You 
ought to let the Council have a share. They are in the nature of 
the House of Lords, or upper house; but you seem to take the 
whole power in your hands, and set up for everything. You have 
sit a long time to little purpose, and have been a great charge to 
the country. Ten shillings a day is a large allowance, and you 
punctually exact it. You have been always forward enough to 
pull down the fees of other ministers in the government. Why 
did you not think it expedient to correct your own to a more 
moderate allowance ? Gentlemen, I shall say no more at present, 
but that you withdraw to your private affairs in the country. 
I do prorogue you to the tenth of January next, and you are hereby 
prorogued to the 10th of January next ensuing. Council Journal, 

The Ministry Act. IfiP^. 
'' An Act for Settling a Ministry, and Raising a Maintenance for 
them in the City of Xew York, County of Richmond, West- 
chester and Queen's County. Passed September 22, 1693. 
(Chapter 33.) 

'' Whereas, Profaneness and Licentiousness hath of late over- 
spread this province, for want of a settled Ministry throughout 
the same : to the end the same may be removed, and the Ordinances 
of God duly administered ; 

I. Be it enacted by the Governor, and Council, and Representa- 
tives convened in General Assembly, and by the Authority of the 
same. That in each of the respective Cities and Counties hereafter 
mentioned and expressed, there shall be called, inducted, and estab- 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1077 

lished, a good sufficient Protestant Minister, to officiate, and have 
the care of Souls, within one year next, and after the publication 
hereof, that is to say; In the City of 'New York, One; in the 
county of Richmond, One ; in the county of Westchester, Two ; — 
One to have the care of Westchester, Eastchester, Yonkers, and 
the Manor of Pelliam ; the other to have the care of Rye, Mamare- 
nock, and Bedford ; in Queen's county, Two ; One to have the Care 
of Jamaica, and the adjacent To^\tis and Farms; the Other to 
hfive the Care of Hamstead, and the next adjacent To-v\tis and 

II. And for their respective encouragement, Be it further en- 
acted, by the authority aforesaid, That there shall be annually, and 
once in every year, in every of the respective Cities and Counties 
aforesaid, assessed, levied, collected, and paid, for the Maintenance 
of each of their respective Ministers, the respective Sums hereafter 
mentioned ; that is to say ; For the City and County of IsTew York, 
One Hundred Pounds ; for the two Precincts of Westchester, One 
Hundred Pounds, to each Fifty Pounds, to be paid in Country 
Produce, at Money Price ; for the County of Richmond, Forty 
Pounds, in Country Produce, at Money Price ; and for the two 
Precincts of Queen's county. One Hundred and Twenty Pounds, 
to each Sixty Pounds, in Country Produce, at Money Price. 

III. And for the more orderly Raising the respective Mainte- 
nances for the Ministers aforesaid. Be it further enacted, by the 
authority aforesaid, That the respective Justices of every City 
and County aforesaid, or any Two of them, shall every year, issue 
out their warrants to the Constables, to summons the Freeholders 
of every City, County, and Precinct aforesaid, together, on the 
second Tuesday of January, for the chusing of Ten Vestrjonen, 
and two Church-Wardens ; and the said Justices and Vestrymen, 
or major part of them, are hereby empowered, within ten days after 
the said Day, or any Day after, as to them shall seem convenient, 
to lay a reasonable Tax on the said respective Cities, Counties, 


1078 Ecclesiastical Records 


Parish, or Precinct for the Maintenance of the Minister and Poor 

of their respective Places ; 

And if thej shall neglect to issue their Warrants, so as the elec- 
tion be not made that day, they shall respectively forfeit Five 
Pounds current Money of this Province : 

And in case the said Freeholders duly summoned, as aforesaid^ 
shall not appear, or appearing, do not chuse the said Ten Vestry- 
men and Two Church-Wardens, that then in their Default, the 
said Justices shall, within Ten Days after the said second Tuesday, 
or on any Day after, as to them shall seem convenient, lay the said 
reasonable Tax, on the said respective Places, for the respective 
Maintenances aforesaid ; 

And if the said Justices and Vestrymen shall neglect their duty 
herein, they shall respectively forfeit Five Pounds, current Money^ 

IV. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid. That 
such of the Justices and Vestrymen, that shall not be present at 
the time appointed, to make the said Taxes, and therefor be con- 
victed, by a certificate under the Hands of such as do appear, and 
have no sufficient excuse for the same ; shall respectively forfeit 
Five Pounds, current Money aforesaid : 

And a Roll of the said Tax so made, shall be delivered into the 
Hands of the respective Constables of the said Cities, Counties, 
Parishes, and Precincts, Avith a warrant signed by any two Justices 
of the Peace, impowering him or them to levy the said Tax ; 

And upon refusal, to distrain, and sell by public Outcry, and pay 
the same into the Hand of the Church-Wardens, retaining to him- 
self Twelve Pence per Pound, for levying thereof: And if any 
Person shall refuse to pay what he is so assessed, and the said Con- 
. stables do strain for the same ; all his charges shall be paid him, 
with such further allowance for his Pains, as the said Justices, 
or any of them, shall judge reasonable ; 

And if the said Justice or Justices, shall neglect to issue the said 
Warrant, he or they respectively shall forfeit Five Pounds current 
Money aforesaid ; and if the said Constables, or any of them fail 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 1079 

of their Duty herein, they shall respectively forfeit Five Pounds 
current Money aforesaid. 

And the Church- Wardens so chosen, shall undertake the said 
Office and receive and keep a good account of the Monies or Goods 
levied by Virtue of this Act, and the same issue by order for the 
said Justices and Vestrymen of the respective Cities, Counties, 
Precincts, and Parishes aforesaid, for the Purposes and Interests 
aforesaid, and not otherwise : And the Church-Wardens shall, as 
often as thereunto required, yield and give a just and true account 
unto the Justices and Vestrymen, of all their receipts and dis- 
bursements ; And in case the said Church-Wardens, or any of them, 
shall neglect their duty therein, they shall respectively forfeit Five 
Pounds, current Money aforesaid, for every Refusal. 

V. And be it further enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That 
the said Church-Wardens, in their respective precincts aforesaid, 
shall, by Warrant, as aforesaid, pay unto the respective Ministers, 
the Maintenance aforesaid, by four equal and quarterly payments, 
under the Penalty and Forfeitures, of Five Pounds, current Money 
aforesaid, for each ISTeglect, Refusal, or Default; the one half of 
all which Forfeitures, shall be disposed of to the Use of the Poor, 
in the respective Precincts, where the same doth arise, and the 
other haK to him or them that shall prosecute the same. 

VI. Always provided, and be it further enacted, by the Author- 
ity aforesaid, that all and every of the respective Ministers, that 
shall be settled in the respective Cities, Counties, and Precincts 
aforesaid, shall be called to officiate in their respective Precincts, 
by the respective Vestrymen, and Church-Wardens aforesaid.* 
And, Always Provided, That all the former Agreements, made 
with Ministers throughout this Province, shall continue and re- 
main in their full force and virtue ; anything contained herein to 
the contrary hereof, in any wise notwitlistanding."t 

* It was here that the Gov. proposed that his amendment should be inserted: 
"And presented to the Governor to be approved and collated"; but which the 
Assembly rejected. 

t This last sentence nullified the application of the law to all the living ministers 
in the colony. 


1080 Ecclesiastical Regdkds 



TO THE Laws of Ewglatstd; Especially as to Religion. 

The Plantations in America are in some respects subject to the 
laws of England. Colonies are held either by simple occupancy; 
or by conquest, or cession. Page 105. 

1. If by discovery and occupancy, then all the existing laws, 
(the birthright of every subject), are immediately therein in force. 
Yet this must be understood with restrictions. Those colonists 
carry with them only such laws as are applicable to their situation 
and the condition of an infant colony ; such as the general rules of 
inheritance and protection, etc. ; but the artificial refinements and 
distinctions incident to the property of a great and commercial 
people; the laws of police and revenue; the mode of maintenance 
for the established clergy, the jurisdiction of spiritual courts, etc., 
are not necessary or convenient, and are, therefore, not in force. 

Their own Provincial Assembly decides how much of these 
things shall be admitted, etc. Introduction, 4. 

2. But in conquered or ceded countries, having laws of their 
own, — these remain until actually repealed. 

Our American Plantations are principally of the latter — con- 
quered or ceded. 

Hence the common law of England has no allowance or author- 
ity there ; they being no part of the Mother Country, but distinct, 
though dependent dominions. Tliey are not bound by Acts of Par- 
liament, unless they are specially named. 

Also only so much as was conformable to their principles. They 
exhibited in a remarkable manner the ascendency of moral and 
religious principles, and were deepl}'' imbued with notions of the 
right of men to live under governments of their own choice. 

J^onconformity is a matter of private conscience. English laws 
have shown a just and Christian indulgence. Persecution cannot 
be justified, iv. 4, 52. 

jSTonconformists. Some are irreligious; others offend as a mat- 
ter of conscience ; — dissenters. 

OF THE State of New Yoke. 1081 

The penalties for non-conformity were suspended. 

The Kingdom of EngLind, over which our municipal laws have 
jurisdiction, includes not, by the common law, any other part of 
the King's dominion except England. Blackstone, 92, 

Our colonies are properly of three sorts : Blackstone, 108. 

1. Provincial Establishments. Their constitutions depend on 
the Commissions and Instructions (of the Governors.) Provin- 
cial Assemblies are constituted with power of making laws and not 
repugnant to the laws of England. (I^. Y., IST. J., Va., Car. & Ga.) 

2. Proprietary Government granted by the Crown to individ- 
uals ; Feudatory Principalities, with all the subordinate regalities 
and subordinate powers of legislation which formerly belonged to 
the owners of counties palatine. 

Must pursue the ends contemplated and do nothing contrary to 
the King. 

3. Charter Governments, which were of the nature of Civil Cor- 
porations; could make by-laws not contrary to the laws of England ; 
and v/ith such rights as are given in their Charters. Governors 
appointed by the King. Courts : with appeals to the King ; As- 
semblies, etc. 

(Were they mere Civil Corporations, and not, rather, great po- 
litical establishments, possessing powers of government and rights 
of sovereignty? While depending on England, did they not yet 
possess powers of legislation and taxation?) 

The territory of England is liable to two divisions : Civil and 
Ecclesiastical, etc. 

1. The Ecclesiastical: Two great divisions — Canterbury and 

A province is the circuit of an Archbishop's jurisdiction. A 
province is divided into Dioceses or Sees of Suffragan Bishops. 
Canterbury has twenty such Dioceses, and York has three. 

" Parishes," at first, meant the same as '' Diocese " now. In- 
troduction, section 4. 

A '' Province " has an Archbishop. 


1082 Ecclesiastical Records 


Dioceses have Suffragan Bishops. 


Rural Deaneries. 

Parishes. Each Parish has one Vicar, Parson or Minister. 

jSTew York until 1685 was a Proprietary Government; after the 
accession of James II., it became a Provincial Establishment. 

Petitioi? of the Dutch and Other Foreign Churches of 
England to the House of Lords. 1696. 


'Thej ask for an ordinance of Parliament giving them liberty in 
their religion and discipline as practised in their own i^ational 
Churches, and as granted to them by Edward VI. in their Charter, 
and continued by favour of Elizabeth, James and Charles. They 
ask for liberty to choose and ordain their o^\ti ministers, etc. ; 
that they may maintain their own discipline ; and that all foreigTi 
churches must belong to their own ISTational Synod in England. 

Arguments are then given especially for the last item. Such 
ForeigTL Churches, if entirely independent, might be dangerous 
to the State ; prejudicial to other Foreign Churches. This is sus- 
tained by elaborate argumentation. 

Document 2700, in the Archives of Dutch Church of Austin 
Friars, London. Pages 1903-5. 

The same day a Report was made by a Committee of the House 
of Lords, in which the first and second items were granted. Doc. 
2701, page 1905. 

The substance of this appears in a Statement made in 1646, 
herewith given : 

Statement concerning the Privileges of the Foreign Churches in 
England, April 9 (K S.) 1646. 

" To the Forrein Churches hath bene granted The free exercise 
of the Reformed Religion, in their o^vne language, with their 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1083 


Eeclesiasticall Discipline, and with such proper and peculiar rites 

and ceremonies as are practised in the Reformed Churches of their 
respective nations beyond the sea ; with a command to all officers, 
as well Eeclesiasticall as civill, to permitt them without molesta- 
tion in their exercises, although they differ from the rites and cere- 
monies used in the Church of England. — Free liberty and power 
to choose ordaine and appoint Ministers Elders and Deacons -or 
other officers, and to increase the number of their Ministers, and 
other officers, and to substitute new in case of vacancies. — To have 
their Eeclesiasticall meetings in Consistorie, Coetus, Classis, Col- 
loque, or Synod ; and to make orders and rules therein for the 
better government of themselves and their Churches. And to use 
their own manner of Administration, Formes of Prayer, Reading, 
Preaching, Sacraments, Fasting, Singing of Psalmes, Thanksgiv- 
ing, Catechizing, Solemnizing of Mariage, and other Eeclesiasticall 
exercises. — That none of the members of the Forrein Churches 
being under censure for any offence may be received as a member 
of any other Church without a Certificate from that Church 
whereof he was a member. — Die Sabbathi, 21 January, 1642. 

Jo. Brown, Cler. 

Doc. 2848 in Archives of London Dutch Church. Vol. iii.. 
Part Second, pages 2011, 2012. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Letter from Rev. Selyns. 

1693, Oct. 5th. 

A letter was read from Rev. Selyns, from Kingstown, (ISTew 
York) dated January 30th, 1693, containing a request to the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, to call a pious and orthodox minister in the 
place of Laurence van den Bosch, who was deposed on account of 
his unedifying life, and who has run away. They want him to be 
sent over for the service of the Dutch Congregation at Kingstown, 
at a salary of one hundred and twelve pounds to be paid in cash. 


1084 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

They send for that purpose a formal call, which completely in- 
cludes all its members, (a unanimous call). The Assembly re- 
solved to postpone this matter, until Levinus van Schaik, who is 
at present in London, and who will have to pay the expenses of 
the Classis and the call, shall have returned home again, viii. 190; 
xix. 249. 

GovERisroK Fletcher to the Committee of Trade. 

1693, Oct. 9. 
May it please your Lordships. 

Our Indians upbi-aid Our neighbouring Colonies with Sloath and Cowardice, the 
first nation of our Indians called Mohaques are mostly destroyed by the War, some 
of them run over to Canada, a French Jesuit (Milett) who has been many years a 
Prisoner amongst the Oneyds, hath gott such Interest with that Nation and the 
other three, they cannot be prevailed upon to surrender him though I have^ 
profferred a Sum of money and an Indian Boy in Exchange for him, and promised 
not to hurt his Person that Jesuits turning doth much harm to our Indians, I am 
resolved to remove him if possible. 

I have gott them to settle a fund for a Ministry in the City of New York and 
three more Countys which could never be obtained before, being a mixt People and 
of different Perswasions in Religion. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 55, 57. 

[Does he imply by this, that the Assembly had established the 
English Church ?] 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Rudolphus van Varick to a friend in Amsterdam. 

October 13, 1693. 
Dear Sir and Honored Brother : — 

I have had no letter from you for a long time, and you will say 
the same of me. Who is at fault remains undetermined; adhuc 
sub judice lis est. I willingly acknowledge my usual careless- 
ness, but I cannot praise your prodigality in writing; Praestat 
prevenire, quam preveniri. However, I have been glad to hear 

OF THE State of New York. 1085 

from friends coming over of the good condition of jour family. 
Blessed be God, we also, with our four children, are still well in 
body. If we came to your neighborhood for an hour, as you did 
to ours three several times, and never called on you, you would 
have reason to be displeased. We are still living in a disturbed 
congregation, but it is no longer so violent as formerly; and al- 
though my hearers have not decreased • — lately I had one hundred 
and fifty four communicants — still a great many desert the 
church and my salary is in arrears about three hundred pounds. 

W© have received an answer to our united letter to the Classis 
of the 12th of October 1692. I have no doubt, but that you re- 
ceived a copy of the same from our Eev. colleague, Selyns. 

I wrote a second letter in April (see letter of April 9, 1693), 
which I sent by the brigantine of Mr. Phillipz, which vessel, we 
have heard, arrived safely in England. The following is an ex- 
tract from said letter. After writing therein about some matters 
in general, too long to be repeated here, I added the following 
about the late Revolution in America. (This passage is omitted 
here, as it is identical with the long account in the letter of April 
9, 1693, beginning with " I was in prison about five months," and 
ending with " I cannot sufiiciently praise the kindness of the Dutch 
and English authorities of this Province in trying to rescue me 
from my troubles.") 

This is the most of what I wrote to the Rev. Classis, and to 
which I await the answer. I added something about the church on 
the South River, too long to be copied. 

You have undoubtedly heard the news from Europe. It is com- 
mon report that our King has fought a successful battle against 
the French, as well as Prince William of Baden and the Savoyard 
on his side ; that the Emperor has given the Turks some hard blows. 
But all this requires confirmation and we must wait for another 

One Marietje Ulrichs, if I remember rightly, the wife of Jan 
Tymense, has been much scandalized by an ignorant Papist. She 


1086 Ecclesiastical Recokds 


requests, that yon will please to give her a certificate as to her 
good behavior. 

I have nothing more to add. I pray that the blessing of the 
All-High may descend upon you, your family, and your labors. 

I remain, Sir, 

Your humble servant and colleagiie in Christ, 

Rudolphus van Varick. 


the 13th of October 1693. 

P. S. My wife and family send their hearty greetings to 
Madame, your dear wife. 

Rev. Godfridus Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, ISTovember 
1st 1693. Extracts, xxi. 348; Mints. Syn. K Holland, 1694, 
Art. 8. There is another translation by Dr. T. De Witt. 

Reverend Gentlemen : — 

With great joy and satisfaction, we have read your obliging 
letter of April 20th of this year, (1693), conjointly to the brethren 1 
Selyns, Varick, and myself, in answer to ours of October 12, 
(1692). It was a great consolation to us, that we could pour out 
our complaints into the bosoms of your Reverences ; but it is doubly 
pleasant, to learn that you have received them with such fraternal 
tenderness. You recommend to us to try again to quiet alienated 
hearts ; to seek again to win them ; to endure suffering, and in love 
to forgive. Rev. Gentlemen, I have so great veneration for the 
Rev. Classis, that I receive these words of exhortation with pro- 
found respect, and owe you, indeed, my gratitude. I have em- 
ployed such measures as these in my church, and have found that 
it was better again to embrace each other in love and peace. 

The Brethren, Selyns and Varick, have also, with their usual 
wisdom and prudence, done everything to this end in their church. 
They have overlooked whatever was possible. I dare say they have 
overlooked even more than could be believed ; yea, more than 
would be permitted in a state-church, without prejudice to the dig- 

OF THE State of New York. 1087 

nity of their officers and the rights of the church; they have gone 
even to the breaking down of the Church-Order, (the Constitu- 
tion.) But we had to yield something to the violence of the times; 
and except, that we prefer to see some one else err in charity, we 
have put in practice this moral, " The endurance of a smaller evil, 
to avoid a greater, partakes something of the nature of virtue ". 
That I have succeeded better in my church, than they have done, 
is only because I had to deal with more peaceable people, and they 
with more opinionated ones. Nothing grieves me more than the 
daily decay of my churches by the constant removal of inhabitants, 
both rich and poor. This is caused not only by the failure of trade 
of the place, but also by the ruin brought on by the war, and the 
fear of the cruelties of the barbarians in war. Of this we have had 
distressing experiences several times, and now lately again, within 
ten or twelve days, we have seen people killed, or scalped while yet 
alive. Domine Selyns and Varick will be compelled, on account 
of the evil spirit in their congregations, to lay down their respec- 
tive offices, and remove or return home. I will also be obliged to 
return, on account of the poverty of my church, which declines 
from day to day, and will become more unable to pay me my sal- 
ary. Yet heaven will take care of everything, and repair the evils 
wrought by the war, by doubling its blessings. 

In the meantime Rev. Gentlemen, the work of converting the 
heathen continues to prosper under God's gracious blessings on my 
labors. Sixteen have been accepted as members, and have taken 
communion with the congregation. I have now translated into 
the Indian language several prayers, the Ten Commandments, the 
Confession of Faith, and eight or ten Psalms. These are set to 
our notes, and they sing them with sweet melody. I sent copies of 
all these, and also the translated formulas of Baptism and Com- 
munion, to your Reverences on May 1, 1692; but I could not tell 
from your letter, whether you had received them or not ; or whether 
you received my other letters, of February IT, 1691, from Boston, 
whither I had fled. This also enclosed the letter of the Consistory 

1088 Ecclesiastical Records 

of New Albany, dated July 31, 1690; and one from Esopus, 
dated August 30, 1690; also a copy of my letter to Mr. Van 
Suylestej^n ; and an address from the French Protestants of l!s^ew 
York, to his Majesty of Great Britain, concerning the subject of 
the subversion of the government, and what has happened to us 
personally, and as ministers. I would send copies of all these, but 
dare not beg your Reverences to read the story of all these factious 
events. As to the proceedings with the (Indian) converts, I hope 
to find some opportunity to send you these by a safe hand. 

Reverend Gentlemen, this is all that I have to write about my 
church, and the conversions from among the heathen. I further 
refer you to my letter of July 25th (or 15 ?). In the meantime, 
in whatever way Heaven may direct the entangled and confused 
aifairs of this country, I shall follow its leadings. A good con- 
science is my greatest treasure. Furthermore, I pray the Almighty 
to pour out his blessings upon you and your services, and to heal 
the breaches of Zion in America. I remain. Reverend Gentlemen, 

Your humble and obedient servant, 

Godfridus Dellius. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Letters from Kingston. 

1693, N^ov. 17th. 

Several letters were read from several different regions. First, 
a letter from Kingston, dated June 30, 1693, signed by the elders 
and deacons there. They request that a minister may be sent 
them by the Classis of Amsterdam at a salary of one hundred and 
twelve pounds, current money, as designated by them. Their 
request and offer are fortified by several approving testimonials, 
signed by the respective ininisters of JSTew ISTetherland. 

Discussion having taken place tliereon, it was resolved to give 
notice of this (desire of the church of Kingston) at the next ensuing 
meeting of the Olassis. xxi. 341. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke. 1089 

CoTrespondence from America. Revs. Henry Selyns and E,udol- 
plius Yarick to tlie Classis of Amsterdam, JSlov. 20t]i 1693. 
Extract xxi. 349. 

Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren in Christ: — 

It has not a little encouraged its in our labors, to be visited once 
again, after these days of unendurable troubles, vs^ith your letters 
of sympathy. As our churches are offshoots from yours, your let- 
ters would have given us greater strength, if they had come a little 
earlier. We are, nevertheless, gTateful, that your Reverences have 
now remembered us, and have written to us, as well as to our Con- 
sistories. We have handed to our Consistories your letters to them. 
But we could not deliver the one sent to Domine Dellius, as his 
place was just then supplied by friends. 

The arrearages of our salaries have become very large, and are 
paid in equally large promises. We are trying, however, to get 
our salaries on a better footing by the help of their Royal Majesties 
of Great Britain, (William and Mary). Wq hope, at least, that 
our Consistories will be written to by their orders. This would 
be the proper way to help the church of God, and encourage her 
ministers. We wrote to you fuller particulars about the middle 
of last summer, and refer you to those letters, as well as the present 
enclosed letter of Domine Dellius. Domine Daille, the Erench 
minister, is called to Boston, and is going there. Domine Perrot 
will therefore take charge of the French services both in the citv 
and the country. 

If your Reverences have any duplicate copies of the Minutes 
of the Synod of ISTorth Holland, covering a few years back, yoii 
would greatly please us, and do us a special favor, by sending 
them to us, for we have no news, (lit. are blind) about our Father- 
land and its churches. About three years ago Domine Selyns, who 
is ever watchful for the best interests of God's Church, ordered 
from Boston and sent to your Reverences, a copy of an Indian 



1090 Ecclesiastical Records 

Bible, (Eliot's Indian Bible.)* This sliows ns that God is not 
bound to certain languages, but speaks (his Gospel) even in the 
tongues of Indians. But perhaps this copy was detained by the 
authorities here, in the recent Revolution, or it may have been 
taken by the French, and thus fallen into the hands of the Jesuits. 
We would like to write more, but are prevented from doing so. 
In closing we ask that you please to remember us in your prayers 
at the meetings of the Classis. AVe commend you in all things to 
the Lord. Valete. 

Your humble and willing servants, 

Henricus Selyns. 

Rudolphus Varick. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Call to Kingston. 

1693, Dec. 8th. 

Regarding the case of Kingston in jS^ew England, (whereof 
see previous Acts,) the same remains still recommended to the 
Deputies on foreign churches for the present. They will place 
the matter again, whenever they deem it timely, upon the table 
of Classis. viii. 193; vol. 19, 250. 

Rebuilding the Chapel in the Fort. 

Kings Chapel, IS'ew York. In Fort. 
Council Journal. 

1693, Dec. 12. 

Gov. Fletcher's Address to the Assembly. 

There is likewise King's Chapel in the Fort, 

which, being ready to fall down to the danger of many lives, I 
thought it convenient to pull it do^vn, and if you will give some- 

* Information was sought about this Indian Bible of Eliot, while the writer was 
in Holland, 1897-8, at the University of Amsterdam. He was informed that there 
was an Indian Bible in the Library at Middleburg, but circumstances did not 
permit him to visit that place. E. T. Corwin. 

OF THE State of INew York. 1091 

thing towards the rebuilding of it, we will all join in so good a 
work. If his Majesty were not engaged in an extensive war, I 
should not doubt to have orders to rebuild it at his own charge. 
I leave these things before you for your consideration, which con- 
sists of but three heads ; Your duty to God ; your loyalty and affec- 
tion to the best of Kings ; and your own safety and defence. 42. 

1694, Oct. 20. 

His Excellency ordered his Majesty's letter concerning the re- 
building of the Chapel in the Fort to be read, and desired the 
opinion of the Board. 

It is the opinion of the Council that it be recommended to 
the Assembly forthwith, and that they be desired to provide for 
the rebuilding the Chapel according to the intent of the said let- 
ter. Ordered, William ISTicoll Esq. do carry the said letter and 
desire the answer of the Assembly in writing to be returned with 
the letter. 65. 

1694, Oct. 22. 

The vote of the Assembly concerning the rebuilding of the 
Chapel in their Majesty's fort being read, it is the result of this 
Board, that the message sent on Saturday last with his Majesty's 
letter, was not to entreat the advice of the Assembly in what method 
his Excellency should proceed in effecting his Majesty's pleasure, 
but to know of the Assembly what they will contribute in pur- 
suance of that letter, towards so good a work by establishing some 
fund for that purpose ; it being the opinion of this Board that the 
most loyal and proper way for all their Majesty's subjects freely 
to cx^ntribute, is by Act of Assembly. 65. 

And that his Excellency will please to let them know the same, 
and desire their plain answer thereupon; w^hich is ordered ac- 
cordingly, and that Col. Stephen Cortlandt and William Pinhorne 
carry down this message to the Assembly. 66. 


1092 Ecclesiastical Records 


Church of IsTew York. 

Statement of Arrears of Eev. Selyns' salary. 1682-1694, 
Statement of Arrears to Domine Selyns, delivered by Jan Mon- 
tagne to the Consistory of ISTew York, Eeb. 14, 1695. 

Deficiency in the expenses of coming over, 

vs^hich they had promised to pay, f. 157. 10 

Deficiencies for journeys (Dates given) 1821. 4.10 

Total 1978.14.10 

Credit, paid by P. J. Marins 35.10. 

Balance, debt owing to Selyns 1943.04.10 

This was equal to £242.19.4 1/2 

[f. above, stands for florin, equal to a guilder; or 40 cents.] 

This matter is further treated of in the year 1741, in the other 
Consistory's " Acte Book ", pages 95-97. Lib. A. 84. 

ISTew York City Vestry, 

1694. First Election under the Ministry Act of 1693. 
[In accordance with State-Church ideas, the Wardens and Ves- 
trymen elected under the Ministry Act were, at first, a Civil Body. 
The law said they were to be chosen by the freeholders.] 

Eirst City Vestry chosen: (ITames of Episcopalians in italics). 

1694, Jan. 9, 

Church Wardens: Mcholas Bayard and John Kerfbyl. Ves- 
trymen: Robert Dakin, Robert Walters, William Jackson, Jere- 
miah Tothill, John Croohe, John Spratt, Isaac Van Elack, Mat- 
thew ClarJcson, Isaac De Riemer, John De Peyster. 


OF THE State of !N"ew Yokk. 1093 
Reverend Mr. Dellius to Governor Fletcher. 

1694, Jan. 12. 


On the 30th of December last came here a writing from the Jesuit Millet, the 
contents was an explanation of the three belts of peace which the Indian Mes- 
sengers should bring to the Governor of Canada. I have coppyed said writeing from 
word to word, and gave coppy to Col. Ingoldsby to be sent to your Excellency. 
The originall together with a Translate made by myselfe. Major Schuyler tooke 
with him to Onontage. I do find some words to be doubtfull in those two or three 
lines which do begin, J'ay resolu de m'exposer, etc. With your Excellency's leave 
I suppose the same to be. That he had hazarded himselfe as being more willing to 
dye, or to be throwne into the Kittle, then to live longer in the Indian Country 
where Honontonchionni gives the Goost, Honontonchionni I think do's signify as 
much as Konossioni, which is the whole howse, or all the Indians together; — 

Sir I have not answered the Jesuite uppon the letter, which I sent to youri 
Excellency because I saw no occasion for it; I heare that Major Schuyler is com- 
ing back and will be here this day or the next because of the rumor that the- 
French are coming against us or Onontage. What truth in that tidings is, time 
will tell us, if they do attack us I hope God will blesse our armes, in whose-, 
Omnipotent protextion by my prayers I do recommend your Excellency, and 



Your Excellency's 

Most humble and dutyfull servant, 


— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv, 78, 79. 

A true Copy, 

(Signed) David Jamison, 

CI. Concilii. 
Endorsed, Copy. 

Mr. Dellius, Minister at Albany, 

his letter to his Excellency, Ben. Fletcher, etc. 
No. 9. 
B . G. 
P . 19. 

Interpretation of Three Belts Sent by the Five ISTations 
TO THE Governor of Canada. 



Rev. G. Dellius to Father Dablon. 
The Iroquois were desirous that I should open the letter which the Minister of 
Albany wrote to the Reverend Father D'Ablon, but as it is sealed I said, we were 
forbidden so to do, but that I should request the Reverend Father D'Ablon to 
communicate its contents to us, and that I should, then, read it to the Iroquois. 

A true copy, 

(Signed) M. Clarkson, Secretary. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 79, 80. 

Day of Thanksgiving, Fasting and Prayer, by His Excel- 
lency, Benjamin Fletcher, Governor of New York. 

Benjamin Fletcher, Governor of ISTew York, Pennsylvania, 
County of ISTew Castle and territories thereon depending, etc. 

Since it has pleased Almighty God graciously to preserve the 
person of his Royal Majesty, King William, in the last battle on 

1094 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

land, wherein it pleased his Majesty in his own (over?) flowing 
courage and greatness of spirit, to place his most precious life in 
great danger, for the safety of the Protestant Religion, and the 
common freedom of our Christendom, etc., etc. ; and his safe re- 
turn to England is a matter of joy, etc. ; therefore Thursday, Jan- 
nary 18, 1693, is appointed a day of Thanksgiving, and Prayer. 
Lib. A. Y7. 

Another day of Fasting appointed, on March 16, 1693, by Gov- 
ernor Fletcher, on account of the heavy burdens and trials which 
England was suffering. Lib. A, 77. 

Reverend Fathee Milet to the Reveeend Me. Dellius. 

[ OnneiSt ye 31 of Jan. 1694. 

Sir: The peace of Christ. 

It is with some averseness I write because I have oot received an answer to that 
which I writt to you by Oannouroxas d' Annie, which was of consequence. 

My Brothers Bannasitoron and Tarsha malies me take the pen in my hand again, 
to linow what has bin the occasion of severall false reports and ill discourses 
which dishonours the Agoiandres Iroquois. 

They called me to Onnontage where they were assembled, and made me write in 
full councill, where I desired the Armourer and Smith of 'Onnontage might assist, 
after I had given the papers to Bagsantara, he asked my leave to send it to Albany. 
I told him I had made him Master of it by putting it into his hands, and that it 
was his writeing, or the resolution of the whole councill rather then mine, because 
there was one article in the explication of the first Belt I did not approve of, and 
which was against the true Christian manner of speaking, or of children well 
instructed according to the order of God. 

Bagsontara had ordered the Messenger to bring back the said paper, and to make 
three, so that they might desire the Minister of Albany to inform us in French or 
Iroquois what they could dislike that it may be corrected in the Councill if it 
should seem convenient, because they endeavour to doe things soe well, that they 
may not be reproached. Wee are seen from Heaven, and from farr upon Earth. 

The Messenger in goeing by said that Mr. Schuyler was bringing the paper and 
letters not only from Monsr. the Minister but alsoe from Bonando all this prove4 
false. They make me write this letter to know what there is of truth, and what 
has been disliked in the explication of the three Belts because all is not soe firmly 
done, as not to be altered, if it be thought convenient therefore those articles must 
be marked, upon which any objection shall be made. 

I am informed they discourse att Albany my letters must not be carryed to 
Canada, and they desire to know who is the Author of these reports? and if he 
would have the Ambassadors ill received or that they should not returne? 'Tis 
well known that without my letters Tarsha had not returned as he did his returne 
shews the malice of these Calumnies, and of many others. I add that the Councill 
of Oneyd have resolved to send me with the Ambassadors which are designed for 
Montreal or Quebec, and therefore I may be the Messenger myself of your letter 
which I received from your G-annisoren and of what else you will add. I recom- 
mend this Journey to your prayers, and am with all my heart 

Sir, your most humble and obliged servant in our Lord, 

Peter Millett of ye Society of Jesus. 

OF THE State of JsTew York. 1095 

I have six Spanish Pistoiis given me to assist the Poor, the Orphans, and the. 
other unhappy wretches of this Mis"sion. Be pleased Sir to give them to your Lady 
that she may buy some shirts great and small and some stockings as cheap as 

I shall write to Canada what I will receive, and they will partake of the benefltt 
and of the Glory which will return to God. If this Messenger and a lame woman 
called Haunhcion one of my sisters can't carry all, I desire to write to me what 
remaines, so that I may have it brought by another oppertunity. 

They sent this time Spanish gold rather than French, to the end it may give no 
suspition. Our profession obligeth us to be obligeing to all, and to offend none. 
Why do they then despise us? and why doe they endeavour to cry us down by 
severall false imputations. It Is not enough that wee have suffered within this five 
years. Sir you spoke to me about endeavouring my deliverance, but if those 
slanderers had bin believed, instead of my being delivered they would have added 
to my bondage. What will these Gentlemen say to God when he makes sensible 
of the good entertainment I have received from the Indians in comparison to what 
they have said and done against me. God forgive them as we wish he will forgive 

To Mr. Godefridus Dellius, 

Minister of Albany, 

A true Copy 

(Signed) M. Clarkson, Secretary. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv: 93, 94, 95. 
Endorsed — Copy translation. 

The Jesuite Milett's Letter to 
Mr. Dellius at Albany dated 31st Jan. 1694 
Received 13 June 1694. 
B. G. 
P. 48. 

Propositions of the Five ^Nations at Albany. 

1694, Feb. 2. 


After they had done speaking, the letter which Domine Dellius received yester- 
day of the Priest Millet was interpreted to them as also the said Jesuits explana- 
tion of the three Belts that the Five Nations would have sent to the Governor of 
Canada and the explication of the two Belts of wampum which he desired he 
might send to Canida. And the Sachims were dismissed and told to meet to-morrow 
when they would have au answer. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 88. 

Action of the jSTew York City Vestry. 

1694, Feb. 5. 

They voted that a tax of one hundred pounds should be " as- 
sessed, levied, collected and paid by all and every one of the In- 
habitants and Residenters within this City and County (New 
York) for ye maintenance of a good, sufScient Protestant Min- 
ister, according to the directions of the said Act ". 


1096 Ecclesiastical Records 

Reverend Mr. Dellius to Reverend Father Milet. 

Albany the 9th of Feb. 1694. 

Sir. You write to me I have not answered your letter of the 9th of December 
last, the measures you take obliged me to the contrary, for to say that if the 
English Gentlemen did not take care they would make themselves the sole authors 
of the Warr, and that they heap mountains of difficulties one upon the other, and 
dig Precipices and Abysses from whence they can never withdraw without a speedy 
recourse to the mercy of God and imploreiug the Clemency of true Kings, whom 
God has established as his Lieutenants of Earth. Sir, between you and I, you 
ought to know the English Gentlemen does not fear the French Gentlemen they 
are strong enough of themselves to resist them, as was evident last winter in the 
woods, and besides the King has sent his orders, by the last vessells that arrived 
from England to the Governours of Virginia Maryland and New England to joyne 
their forces with those of Albany, so that you see they are not yet reduced to that 
eondicon that they must speedily implore the clemency of your King. You aske 
my advice in your letter of the 31st of Jan., 1694 upon the explication you have 
made upon the Belts. I tell you sincerely that it is directly in opposition to a 
peace and to what you write almost in all your letters that you are a friend and a 
servant to the English, for after what manner would you have these words upon 
the first Belt explained, it gives Monsr. Le Comte a fine Game to play who has 
taken the Iroquois for his children to re-establish their affaires, to strengthen 
their Cabane, and chiefly to render their land independant to quite another Master 
and to regulate all well for the time to come, and also those of the second Belt. 
That they require the Reverend Father John De Lamberville or Tajorhensere that 
they all own him for their pastor, and cry out highly to be defended against the 
Wolves, and other visible and invisible Enemies that infest their Land and seems to 
devour them all and make them perish. 

Sir I leave to you to judge if these are true methods to advance the peace, for 
the which you say you have taken so much paines, as for me I am apt to believe, 
it is rather to kindle then extinguish the War, so that as long as you continue 
these maxims there is noe hopes of success toward a peace. If the French desires 
it lett them take good resolutions upon what the Agiandres Iroquois informs them 
by three Belts which they have sent this day from hence to ye KarigSistes of 
Canada, and that they may not be misinterpreted the Agiandres* have desired mee 
to write down the signification of them, and that none may deceive them I have 
given a copy of the same to Tekannasore. 

As for the six Spanish Pistolls which you sent me, my wife has bought twenty 
six shirts and twenty six pairs of stockings. I have given them all to the Mes- 
senger that brought the gold and to that lame woman you call your sister. So Sir, 
if I can serve you in anything else you need but command. 

Your most humble servant, 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 95, 96. 
A true Copy. M. Clarkson, Secretary. 

Endorsed — Copy translation of Mr. Dellius's letter from Albany to the Jesuite 
Milett at Oneijde dated 9th Feb. 1694. Received 13th June 1694. 

Decision as to the Meaning of the Ministry'- Act, by the 


1694, Feb. 12. 
" Upon reading an Act of General Assembly entitled an Act for settling a Ministry 
and raising a Maintenance for them in the City of New York, etc., itt was proposed 
to this Board what Perswasion should be of by them to be called to have the care 
of Souls and Officiate in the Office of Minister of this City; by Majority of Votes 
itt is ye opinion of the board that a dissenting Minister be called to officiate and 
have the care of Souls for this City as aforesaid ". 

*Agayandres, or Sachems of the Five Nations. Colden's Five Nations, 163. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke. 1097 

The Governor now presented the name of Rev. John Miller,* his Chaplain. Miller 
also claimed the right to the position, but the Council declined to confirm him. 
Council Minutes 

Eeverend Me. Dellius to Governor Fletcher. 

New Albany, 12th Feb. 1694. 

Sir: When the agents of the Indians were in this citty on the second of this 
instant month, came to my hands from the Jesuit Milet the enclosed letters with 
six gold Spannish pistolles, to buy for him some shirts and stocliins, which letter I 
have answered as appears by the enclosed Coppy, which was sent him with the said 
goods. Upon the desire of the Indians but chiefly of Major Schuyler have I trans- 
lated into French the explication of the Belts which two Indians tooke with them 
to Canida, in an open paper. The Kannassoor who was the chief of the Messengers 
here, insisted very much to have a coppy, to the end the French, as he aliedged, 
should not deceive him with wrong explication, which said copy was given him. 

Sir: itt is almost incredible how much the Indians are inclined to mal^e peace 
with the French; and to divert them therein have I infused the Proselites and by 
them the other Mohaalix, that they have the greatest reasons to be dissatisfyed 
about the proceedings of the other Indians, who have without their preallabel 
advice and consent, thus farr treated for peace with the French; and by them I 
gave alsoo the other Nations to understand that they could not malse any peace 
with the French, without breaking their word and covenant with your Excellency 
and in time to make all the Indians and Christians of this and the other govern- 
ments to be their enemies, and when they should once happen to fail into warre 
againe with the French, which would undoubtedly be ere long, as the experience of 
former times have evidently made appear, vrere they, with their wives and children 
then would bee, and to whom they should fly for succor.* And therefore if they 
continued In those proceedings they would find them most pernicious for their 
country and people. These and the like reasons did prevaile upon them for that 


• Rev. John Miller, M.A., was commissioned Chaplain to the two companies of 
grenadiers in the colony of New York, on the 7th of March, 1691/2, In the summer 
of which year he arrived in this country. A law having been passed in Sept. 1693, 
for settling a ministry in the Province, he demanded (15th Feb. 1694), in virtue of 
his license from the Bishop of London, an induction into the living lately estab- 
lished for the maintenance of a Protestant minister in the city of New York. His 
pretension having been submitted to the Council, they decided, nem. con., that he 
was not thereby entitled to that living. New York Council Minutes, vli., 54. Mr. 
Miller left New York in June, 1695, after (to use his own words) " having been very 
near three years resident in the Province, as chaplain to His Majesty's forces, and 
constantly attending the Governor ". During his residence, he had the opportunity 
of observing manv things of considerable consequence in relation to the Christians 
and Indians; and "also took draughts of all the cities, towns, forts and churches of 
any note, and several other matters, to enable him to give an exact account of the 
then state of the Province of New York. On his return passage, he was taken 
prisoner by a French privateer in July 1695, and obliged, unfortunately, to throw 
all his papers overboard, to prevent the information they contained falling into the 
enemy's hands. He, however, employed the time of, what he calls, his " long 
imprisonment", to retrieve, by the help of his memory, some part of what he lost; 
and, on his return to England, presented to the Bishop of London "A Descriptiom 
of the Province and City of New York with plans of the City and several Forts as 
they existed in 1695". The MS., on the dispersion of Mr. Chalmers' library, came 
into the possession of Thomas Rodd, bookseller, London, by whom it was published 
in 1843. It is an 8vo. tract of 43 pp., and contains, among other curious things, a 
plan of an American episcopate, which, however, seems to have been overlooked in 
the Rev. Dr. Hawks' verv interesting paper on the subject, in Coll. of Prot. Ep. 
Hist. Soc. i., 136. It recommended the appointment of a Bishop of New York, who 
was not only to exercise authority in all the English provinces in the North part of 
America, but to be commissioned, at the same time, Governor of New York, New 
Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and also of Canada, the conquest of which 
country was embraced in the plan. Descr. p. 23, et seq. Mr. Miller's commission 
and license are recorded in the Secretary of State's Office, in Book of Commissions, 
ii., 71.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 182. 

1098 Ecclesiastical Records 

time; but I am apprehensive that by the delusions of the Jesuit in their country 

they will be otherwise perswaded. I hope the affairs may continue in the posture 

they now are till your Excellency's arrivall here, when I doubt not but by your 

Excellency's prudent conduct and wisdom all may be brought to a good end, and in 

the interim recomanding your Excellency by my prayers, in the protection of the 

Almighty God, with a profound respect I am. Sir, 

Your Excellency's most humble and 

most obedient servant, 


— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 92, 93. 
A true Copy. 

(Signed) JI. Clarkson, Secretary. 


Copy. Translation of Mr. Dellius' letter to his Excellency, Ben. Fletcher 

date 12 Feb. 1694. 

* Probably intended to read, " where would they, with their wives and children 

then be, and to whom should they fly for succour." 

Major Peter Schuyler to Governor Fletcher. 

Albany 14th of Feb. 1694. 

The Jesuite Milet does us a great deal of damage and designed to goe himself to 
Canada which was ye reason made me ye easier graunt there request of sending 
this way to stop that road which they have promised till they see your Excellency. 
His letters and Explication of ye belts, Domine Dellius will send to your Excellency. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 96, 97 

Order in Council to Prepare a Pardon for Leisler's 


At the Committee of Trade and Plantations At the Council Chamber at White- 
hall, the 12th of March 1693/4. 

Upon reading a letter from Col. Fletcher Governor in Chief of New York dated 
the 5th of October last Representing that in pursuance of his Majesty's order he 
had discharged all Pi-oceedings against Persons for assisting Leisler setting them 
at Libei'ty, And that Gerardus Beekman, Mindert Courteen, Tho. Williams, Johannes 
Vermellies, Abraham Brasier, and Abraham Gouverneur being under the sentence 
of death for the same, he advised them to make Application for their Pardon, But 
on the Contrary not owning their liberty a favour or departing from the Justifica- 
tion of their Crimes some of them have been Elected of the Assembly which CoL 
Fletcher could not suffer. Wherefore humbly Prays they may be Pardoned or 
Executed, And the Lords of the Committee taking notice that upon a former 
Representation of the Committee on the 7th of April 1692, Her Majesty was pleased 
to declare in Council that upon the Humble application of the said Persons her 
Majesty would order them to be pardoned and their estates to be restored to them 
as objects of her Majesty's mercy, for which nevertheless no application has been 
since made their Lordships agree to lay this whole matter before his Majesty's in 
Councill, and thereupon to move his Majesty that for the quieting these differences 
in New York, his Majesty would be graciously pleased to order a Pardon for the 
said Persons above menconed to be past the Great Seal at his Majesty's charge, and 
that Mr. Aaron Smith may be directed to solicite the same. — Col. Docs. N. Y. 
iv. 83. 

Memdm. The loth of March 1693/4. 

It was accordingly ordered that the said Pardon be past without Fees. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 1099 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Call for the Foreign Cliiirches. To the East Indies. 

1694, March 15th. 

The Brethren on Foreign Affairs represent, that the time and 
opportunity require, that ministers be sent to the East Indies and 
to iSTew ISTetherland. In regard to the former they exhibited a 
written request from the Messrs. Directors, to call two ministers 
for the East Indies. There were placed in nomination, 

Kev. John Coiterus, 

Rev. Hercules van Loon, 

Rev. Petrus Calden, 

Rev. John van Loon, 

Rev. Harmanus Bouman Bussier. 

Of these there was chosen, unanimously. Rev. John Coiterus, 
and the Rev. Hercules van Loon. These as is customary, shall be 
presented to the Messrs. Directors. 

To ISTew IsTetherland. 

On the nomination list for ISTew ISTetherland, where one is to be 
called, were placed, 

Rev. Petrus Nucella, 
Rev. Guilielnaus Leeman, 
Rev. Bernhardus Termaten. 
Rev. Petrus iSTucella was unanimously chosen, viii. 193-4; xix. 

Final and Preparatory Examination. 

1694, April 13th. 

From the reading of the Acta (minutes) of the previous Classis, 
it appeared that Revs. Petrus ISTucella and Hercules van Loon, 
Candidati Ministerii, the one called to Kingstown in New l^ether- 
land, the other to the East Indies, must now be examined for 
ordination. Also by virtue of the (act of) Classis of December 



1100 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

8tli, 1693, (must be examined) for licensure tlie students, Revs. 
Leonardus Leenderts, William Brouwer, Gualterus Soutmaet. To 
this end thej preached on the following texts : 

Rev. Nucella on Matt. 5 : 6. 
Rev. Van Loon Ps. 1:1. 
Rev. Brouwer Hebr. 9 : 13, 14. 
Rev. Soutmaet Hebr. 10 : 14. 
Rev. Leenderts Rom. 9 : 11, 12, 13. 

Each of them having thus preached a short sermon on the said 
texts, they gave the Classis so great satisfaction that it gladly ad- 
mitted them all to the subsequent examination. In this each of 
them did so acquit himself with worthy answers to the neatly 
presented questions of the Rev. Examiner, that the Rev. Classis 
gladly admitted the two former to the office of preacher both for 
New ITetherland and the East Indies ; and the three others to 
the liberty of public preaching. The Classis wished them further 
the rich blessing of the Lord. Furthermore the brethren iN'ucella 
and van Loon were ordained to their respective offices by the Rev. 
Examiner, viii. 198. 

Guilliam Bartolt. [Bartholf.] 

1694, May 3rd. 

Art. 9. Touching churches in foreign lands, special mention is 
made therein of one Guilielmus Bartolt, who is a cooper. He is 
also a Koelmannist, (Labadist,) sent out by the churches of Zee- 
land to the ISTew ISTetherland church, against the recommendation 
of the l^orth Holland Synod, and the Classis of Amsterdam. This 
was taken ad notam. viii. 199. 

Letters from Revs. Dellius, Selyns, Varik. 

1694, June 7th. 

A letter was handed in from I^ew Albany, from the Rev. Gode- 
fridus Dellius, exhibiting the state of the church there. The same 

OF THE State of jSTew Yokk. 1101 


was given to tlie brethren, the Deputies ad res Maritimas. Item: 

another from ISTew York, from Revs. Henricus Selyns and Rudol- 

phus Varick, of the same character as the previous one. Therefore 

the same action was taken in regard to it. It was particularly 

recommended to the aforesaid brethren to make a report thereon 

at the next Classis. viii. 200; xix. 250. 

Letters from New ISTetherland. 

1694, July 5th. 

Mention having been made there of certain letters from l^ew 
Albany and 'New York, written by Rev. Dellius, and also by Revs. 
Henricus Selyns and Rudolphus Varick, it appeared that the re^ 
quired report could not yet be made. The Rev. Deputati ad res 
Maritimas are therefore once more requested to take the aforesaid 
letters into due consideration, and to make known the contents 
thereof at the next ensuing Classis. viii. 203. 

Letters from 'New iN^etherland. 

1694, July 19th. 

^No action has as yet been taken in regard to the letters from 
]^ew IsTetherland, wherefore see the previous Acts. This matter 
remains therefore in statu, viii. 206. 

Licence to Collect Funds to Aid in Building Trinity 
Church, N:ew York City. 

Benjamin Fletcher Captain General! and Governour in Cheife of the Province of 
New Yorke and the Territoryes and Tracts of land depending thereon in America 
and Vice Admirall of the same His Majesty's Lieutenant and Commander in Cheife 
of the Militia and of all the forces by sea and Land Within his Majesty's Colony 
of Connecticut and of all the fforts and places of strength within the same. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come and may concerne Greeting 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the City of New Yorke professing the religion of the 
Church of England have with a pious and good intent Proposed and begunn to erect 
and build a Church within the said City for the publick service and Worship of 
God at the humble request of the Managers of the said building and for their 
encouragement to carry on and finish the same I have therefore with advice and 
Consent of the Council given and granted and by these presents do give and grant 
free liberty to the said Managers to gather and receive of and from well disposed 
persons, Such sume and sumes as shall be voluntarily contributed for the more 

1102 Ecclesiastical Records 


speedy carying on the said building and this shall be a sufficient warrant to the said 
Managers for so doing. Given under my hand and seal at New Yorke the 23rd day 
of July Annoq Dni 1696. 

Ben. Pfleteher. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 247, 248. 
By his Excellency's Command, 

David Jamison, Sec. 

Synod of JSTorth Holland, at Amsterdam. 

1694, Aug. 5 et seq. 
Article 8. 

Touching tJie churches of the West Indies and IsTew York — 
they had sought every opportunity to carry out the instructions of 
the Christian Synod, and to show unto his Royal Majesty, (William 
III of England,) the need and complaint of those churches; but 
to their sorrow they had not yet been able to effect it. They had 
not however been idle, but had applied to his Excellency, the Pen- 
sionary (Counselor), Heinsius, who had told them to draw up a 
petition. This he promised to hand to his Royal Majesty himself, 
and to favor the affair. 

Whereupon the Rev. Deputies were thanked for the diligence 
they had manifested. 

Eurthermore, there were handed over by the Classis of Amster- 
dam, extracts from three letters which had been sent to them, and 
received after the Christian Synod. One was from ISTew Albany; 
one from Batavia; and one from Colombo. These extracts are as 
follows : 

Extracts from a letter from 'New Albany, dated J^ovember 1, 
1693, to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, signed by Rev. Godfrey 

He declares that he took great satisfaction and comfort from the 
letters of the Rev. Classis, to himself, and to the brethren, Selyns 
and Varick. 

The advice and admonition therein given, to contribute every- 
thing possible toward the quieting of the feelings of the congrega- 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke, 1103 


tion, had been put into effect, together with the overlooking of the 

past ; and this had been done with such success, that the affairs of 

his congregation were restored ; and love and peace embraced each 

other there. 

But that the brethren Selyns and Varick had not been so for- 
tunate in this respect, because they had encountered more opin- 
ionated spirits in their congregations. 

It gi'ieved him that his congregation was daily declining, partly 
caused by the constant leaving of the inhabitants ; partly, by lack 
of business ; and partly from fear of the cruelties of the Indians. 
Of this they had had a distressing experience ten or twelve days 
before, in the massacre of people, and scalping of them while yet 

The Revs. Selyns and Varick, on account of the bad feelings 
in their congregations would be compelled either to resign their 
offices, or to depart. 

He himself might also be compelled to return to the Father- 
land by reason of the decline and poverty of his congregation, which 
was incapable longer of paying him his salary, unless heaven should 
provide therefor. God the Lord was still vouchsafing his blessing, 
in the conversion of the heathen, of whom sixteen had recently 
been received as members. 

Several prayers, the Ten Conmiandments, the Creed, and eight 
or ten Psalms had been rendered into the language of the Indians, 
as well as the Confession before Holy Baptism, and (the Form) 
"before the Lord's Supper. Copies of these had also been sent to 
the Rev. Classis, but he had easily perceived from their letters, 
that they had not received them ; neither some of his previous let- 
ters, nor the copy of his letter to Mr. Van Suylestein; as well as 
an address from the French Protestants of 'New York to His 
Majesty of Great Britain concerning the matter of the overturning 
of the government, and what has been inflicted upon them, the 
preachers, personally and officially. They should further await 


1104 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

the Providence of God, and endeavor to preserve a good conscience. 
Therefore lie prayed for God's blessing. 

Thereupon it was resolved, first, as concerns the affair of the 
West Indian Churches, to place this business in the hands of the 
Eev. Deputati, in order that they may represent most earnestly, 
and in the most practical manner the complaint made two years 
since, before His Eoyal Majesty. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Extracts from the Letters from ISTew ]Sretherland. 

1694, Sept. 6th. 

The Acta of the preceding regailar Classis were subsequently 

As regards the letters from 'New ISTetherland, of Revs. Selyns, 
Dellius, and Varick, of which mention has been made. Extracts 
from those letters were now exhibited by Rev. Deputies ad res 
Maritimas, for which those Rev. Brethren are thanked. They are 
further recommended, in order to keep up the correspondence with 
those churches, to answer the same on a proper occasion, viii. 213; 
xix. 251. 

Request for a Preparatory Examination. 

1694, Oct. 4th. 

Revs. Abrahamus Lakens, Jacobus Vergeyck, Gualterus 
(Walter) du Bois, Mcholas Colvius, John Godefridus Daily (Del- 
lius, or Daille) all studiosi S. S. Theologiae, ask to be admitted to 
the preparatory examination. On reading their laudable certifi- 
cates, both ecclesiastical and academic, the Rev. Classis granted 
their request. There were given, as texts, to the first, Rom. 5 :12 ; 
to the second, Rom. 3 :28 ; to the third, Rom. 3 :25 ; to the fourth, 
Rom. 10 :4 ; to the fifth, Rom. 9 :13. The time for the examination 
will be the first Monday in April, viii. 215. 

OF THE State of JSTew York. 1106 



Kev. Godfridiis Dellius to the Classis of Amsterdam, October 7, 


Albany, 7th of October 1694. 

To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 

Rev. Gentlemen: — 

It is to be lamented that the ministers of this Province should 
continually trouble your Rev. Body with letters of complaint. A 
while ago it was in reference to the Revolution in the Government; 
afterward, in reference to one Guilliam Bartholts, (Bartholf), who, 
without being legally qualified, performed ministerial duties ; and 
now, the saddest of all our afflictions, is, that our church has been 
called to suffer a most distressing bereavement, in the untimely 
death of our most worthy colleague, Domine Varick. His Rev- 
erence had found no rest whatever for four or five years past in his 
church, but he has now gone to rest in the Lord. He died the 24 
of September (1694.) You can easily imagine in what a sad con- 
dition that church, without a pastor, now finds itself. The said 
Bartholts, notwithstanding the opposition of the late Domine Var- 
ick, sought to force himself into one of his combined congregations, 
to administer the Lord's Supper. He will now not neglect any- 
thing to carry out his designs. I am informed that certain 
members of those vacant congregations wish to call him. Others 
wish to call a minister from (the Province of) Holland; and 
others, one from Sealand (Zeeland) ; unless, there may possibly 
spring up, as I am informed, in imitation of Bartholts, a prophet 
from among themselves. Where such confusion of tongues exists, 
the House of God cannot successfully be built. And where such 
persons, ignorant in more respects than simply concerning the 

1106 Ecclesiastical Records 

direction of church-go vernment, are raised to the dignity of the 
ministerial office, it cannot but bring religion into disrepute. I 
speak respectfullv, but I do not understand nor can I fathom, what 
reasons induced the Classis of Walcheren to their act (the ordina- 
tion of Bartholf ) ; especially since the ministers here sent an ad- 
dress at the same time to that Classis, protesting against his qualifi- 
cation. But it did not please that Rev. Body to take the least notice 
of our communication. They not only did not deign to answer it, 
but gave a copy of our letter to him (Bartholf.) 

I do not know whether such acts will be repeated, nor can I 
imagine what will become of our Dutch churches in this Province 
if they are. Por soon some marvelous kind of theology will develop 
here; ministers will be self-created, and the last will be first, and 
the first will be last. Rev. Gentlemen it grieves us much that on 
account of this man, our church and its ordinations have become a 
matter of ridicule. But let come what will. Mr. Selyns and my- 
self will experience great difficulty in recogTiizing him as a minister 
and as a colleague before we receive the wise counsels of your Rev- 
erences on this matter. To you we most humbly appeal, and will 
submit to your decision. I remain with profound respect. Rev. 

Your Reverences obedient servant and fellow-laborer, 

G. Dellius. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Henry Selyns to the Classis of Amsterdam, I^^ovember 14, 


Very Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren in Chi'ist Jesus : — As 
it has not been very practicable in the uncertain and cold 
weather, to call a meeting of the churches and ministers at Albany 
or ]^ew York, to deliberate over the case of Guilliam Bartholts, 
(Bartholf,) who has recently arrived from the other side, and to 
conclude whether it is best to recosTiize his ministerial character 

OF THE State of New York. 1107 

or not in the service of the Lord, I have remained quiet, and have 
recommended him to be satisfied and contented with the churches 
of Acquecquenom and Hacquensacq, (Aquaokenonck and Hacken- 
sack,) and to continue his work begiui there, in the fear of the 
Lord. Meanwhile, however, he has preached at Bergen, which is 
a church under mv charge. He asserts that he is authorized to do 
this because it lies between ISTew York and Acquecquenom (Aquack- 
enonck or Pasaic) ; and his letter of call reads " To preach on water 
and on land and by the way ". 

But Bergen remains faithful, and has requested me to continue 
my services there. This I have gratefully accepted, (or, have 
agreed to do gratis). But Bartholt moves about and preaches 
everywhere.. He praises the Classis of Walcheren, which qualifies 
ministers at slight cost to them. He also says that he sought his 
ordination there, (in Classis of Walcheren,) rather than in Am- 
sterdam, because one half of your Rev. Body, (the Classis of 
Amsterdam,) are not regenerated men. Ex ungue leonem. What 
Mr. Dellius, my worthy colleague, writes, on the other side of this 
sheet of paper, in regard to this case, and for your consideration, is 
sufiicient. My time is too precious to allow me to write more. 
We have since learned by letters from Domine (Adrian van) 
Oostrum,* dated ISTovember 5, 1693, that this business was taken 
to the Synod of North Holland ; that they exhorted to caution, in 
reference to this man ; that they also resolved, and did write to 
the Rev. Classis of Walcheren, to take heed concerning him, and 
not commission him as minister. But it is to be regretted that 
the letters written to us were detained, and have not reached us 
here. Under these circumstances, we ask for copies and further 
advice. In the meantime we will remain quiet, and whatever 
directions may be given (by your Classis) shall be observed. 


* Rev. Adrian van Oostrum was called from the English Presbyterian Church in 
Amsterdam to the National Dutch Church in same citv, and was installed therein 
July 20, 1692. He died January 10, 1716. 

1108 Ecclesiastical Records 

ISTevertlieless, it is a sad circumstance that your Reverences have 
been rejected, and that we are placed under a Classis in Sealand ! 
(Zeeland;} for in case of disagreement, he would appeal to the 
Classis of Walcheren, (which is in the Province of Zeeland,) and 
we, to the Classis of Amsterdam, for a decision. 

To our grief and the great loss of the church, Domine Varick 
died on the 24th of September, (1694,) and was buried on the 
27th, in the presence of his Excellency, the Governor, (Fletcher,) 
the Members of his Council, the Mayor, and many of the citizens. 
There was far more honor conferred on him at his burial, than 
when once standing in the City Hall, awaiting his sentence (of 
imprisonment.) We are trying to induce his church to complete 
the year's salary; but the making out of a new call makes slow 
progress. The cause of the difficulty is the parsonage at Midwout. 
The people there demand rent of all the neighboring towns. On 
this account they disagree as to candidates, one after another being 
rejected. Each side is too obstinate to agree with the other side as 
to a call. 

I have followed your prudent advice (as to my own affairs). 
I am quietly waiting until the storm (the Leisler difficulties) has 
blown over. The troubles are, no doubt, diminishing. The at- 
tendance at church services has improved. My salary is better 
paid; but the arrearages remain unpaid, and I see no prospect of 
their ever being paid. Our new church (in Garden St.) is finished 
up to the towers. On Sundays it is too small ; on Wednesdays, too 
large. Our city of ISTew York, with its suburbs, is constantly grow- 
ing. But this growth is chiefly in houses and people and business, 
but not in piety and the conversion of sinners. Such a condition 
promises no blessing from heaven, but rather a fearful looking for 
of judgement. May God preserve us and avert the sword of judge- 
ment from our land. 

ISTot to keep your Reverences from your official duties, I write 
no more at present. But we look forward with pleasure to youj 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 1109 

letters and orders, and are always anxious to keep up the corre- 
spondence. Valete. 

Your Reverenees willing and affectionate servant and 
brother in the Lord, 

Henricus Selyns. 

Chuech of N^ew York. 

Manor of Fordham. 

1695, Jan. 1st. 

Conveyance of Domine Selyns and wife, (who had been the 
■widow of Cornelius Steenwyck) of Steenwyck's rights of the Manor 
of Fordham to the Overseers of the Dutch Church here (^ew 
York) for the support of the ministers of the same. 

Be it known that the late Mr. Cornelius Steenwyck, merchant, 
of the City of !N"ew York, by his last will and testament, dated 
!N'ovember 20, 1684, with full consent and agreement of his wife, 
Margareta Steenwyck, alias de Riemer, in form of Pre^Legacy, 
made, bequeathed, granted for and the behoof of the Low-Dutch 
Congregation within the aforesaid City of ISTew York, for the bet- 
ter support and maintenance of the ministers of the same, called 
according to the Church-Order of the ISTetherlands, here present or 
hereafter to be called or to come ; all his, the testator's right, prop- 
erty, possession and hereditament in the Manor or Domain of Ford- 
ham, lying in the county of Westchester, with all the lands 
meadows, fields, woods, hills, brooks and other waters; together 
with all the testator's jurisdiction, right, title, action and property, 
in and upon said Manor of Fordham ; with all the patents, letters, 
leases, hypotheeks, mortgages and other documents thereto belong- 
ing or in any way depending ; in all respects the same as the said 
Manor is now already belonging to the testator, or shall be further 
confirmed to him, through or by means of the late John Archer, 
formerly o"v\Tier of said Manor ; with the further stipulation, will- 
ing and desire, that the said Manor with all the further profits, 
income, avails, rents and revenues, with all the appurtenances 


1110 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

thereof, shall be made over and conveyed in a full, true and free 
properly, by the testator's wife and appointed executrix, Margareta 
Steenwyck, alias de Riemer, on lawful demand, to the Overseers 
of the said Low-Dutch Congregation, for and to the behoof of the 
worship of the said Congre^'ation, as herein above is further ex- 
pressed ; to be by the said Overseers and Congregation then in 
being, and held, used, possessed and kept in full property, inherit- 
able and forever, without any the least contradiction, opposition or 
hindrance of anyone. Provided that none of the lands of the said 
Manor shall be made, alienated or otherwise disposed of, contrary 
to the tenor of these presents, but forever shall be and remain as 
lands of inheritance for the support and maintenance of the said 
Congregation above named, and not otherwise, as is more fully and 
amply expressed by the last will and testament of the above named 
Mr. Cornelius Steenwyck. 

Therefore we, the underwritten, Henricus Selyns, minister of 
the Low-Dutch Congregation of the forenamed City of iSTew York, 
and Margareta Selyns, alias de Riemer, his wife, executrix and 
last (late?) widow of the said Cornelius Steenwyck, for ourselves 
and in qualita as executrix of the remaining estate of the said 
Cornelius Steen^^'yck, both on account of the above mentioned tes- 
tament and legacy and for other reasons and motives specially 
moving us hereto, have ceded, transferred and conveyed in a true 
and absolute property, to Messrs. Cornelius Bayard, Capt. Isaac 
Van Yleok, Boele Roelofzen and Jan Harpendinck, present Elders 
and Overseers of the Low-Dutch Congregation within the fore- 
named City of iSTew York, and their lawful successors, heirs and 
descendants as entrusted with the Church-service of that congrega- 
tion ; like as we. Grantors, for ourselves, our heirs and successors, 
as also in qualita as before, to the same Messrs. ISTicholas (Cor- 
nelis) Bayard, Capt. Isaac Van Vleck, Boele Roelofzen and Jan 
Harpendinck, present Elders and Overseers, and their lawful suc- 
cessors or heirs and heiritors, have ceded, granted and conveyed 
herewith the Manor of Fordham, lying in the county of Westches- 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 1111 

ter above named, with all the lands, meadows, fields, woods, hills, 
brooks and other waters, together with all the right, title, action, 
jurisdiction and claim on the said Cornelius Steenwyck, or we, 
grantors, whether for ourselves or in qualita as before in any man- 
ner have had to the said Manor of Fordham, with its appurtenances, 
or now may or can have, whether by transfer, deed, mortgage, 
judgement or otherwise, through or by means of the late John 
Archer, the former o's\Tier of the said Manor of Fordham, or by his 
son and heir, John Archer, Jr. ; to be held, used, possessed and 
kept forever, and inheritable in full possession by the said Elders 
and Overseers of the said Congregation now being, or from time 
to time hereafter to come into being, with all profits, incomes, rents 
and revenues, for the better support of the ministers of the same, 
called, or hereafter to be called, and come according to the Church- 
Order of the N^etherlands. 

Likewise under the same restriction and stipulation, that the said 
Manor of Fordham and its appurtenances shall never be alienated 
or transferred in any way contrary to the tenor of the aforesaid tes- 
tament or legacy, but to all time shall be used and employed to the 
end aforesaid and to no other : Divesting ourselves hereby of the 
proper title, action and right, which we, grantors, for ourselves or 
in qualita as before, have heretofore had, or now can or may have 
in any manner whatever to the said Manor and its appurtenances, 

except ,. . and we promise to maintain, and cause 

our successors or heirs and descendants to maintain, this our deed, 
firm, valid and inviolable. And if need be, or when required, at 
all times to strengthen, confirm and amplify this our deed, for the 
better security of the aforesaid Congregation. 

In testimony whereof, signed and sealed, by us the underwritten, 
in presence of the witnesses named, at ISTew York, on I^ew Year's 
Day, January 1st 1694-5, or the sixth year of the reign of our 
Sovereign, King William and Queen Mary, by the grace of God, 
King and Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, de- 

1112 Ecclesiastical Records 

fender of the faith, etc. The Lord bless the same, and bless, as he 
has done, his dearly-bought Church, with undeserved blessings. 

Henricus Selyns. 
Margareta Selyns. 
Signed and sealed in the 
presence of the undersigned, and expressly 
requested to be witnesses, 

Stephen Van Cortlandt. 
John Spratt. 
Isaac De Forest. 
John De Peyster. 
The Consistory, mentioned above, acknowledged the receipt of 
the above deed. Lib. A. 81-83. 

Second City Vestry Chosen. 
(l^ame of Episcopalians in Italics.) 

1695, Jan. 8 

Church Wardens : Jacobus Cortlandt, John Kip. — Vestry- 
men: Robert Darkins, John De Peyster, Isaac De Riemer, Wil- 
liam Erench, William Jackson, Tennis D. Kay, Brandt Schuyler, 
Robert Sinclair, John Spratt, Jeremiah Tothill. 

Governor Eletcher now threatened to prosecute them, if they 
any longer refused to carry out his wishes. 

Action of the City Vestry. 

1695, Jan. 26. 
" Pursuant to an Act of General Assembly, entitled an Act for 
the settling of a ministry and raising a maintenence for them, etc., 
the Church Wardens and Vestrymen above named have this day 
mett and nemine Contra Dicente called Mr. Wm. Vesey to officiate 
in the same place according to the directions in the said Act con- 

[Perhaps Tothill offered the above resolution, and his may have 
been the only vote. The Governor did not dare to proceed upon it.] 

OF THE State of JSTew York. 1113 

The King's Ciiapel. 

To His Excelleucy Beiij. Fletcher Captain Generall and Governor In Chief of His 
Majesty province of New Yorl^e, and the Honorable Counsell. 

The petticon of Derex Van Burg ' 

Humbly sheweth that whereas your peticoner haue by your Excellency's order 
bin Imployed in Building his Majesty Capell with seaveral other buildings in and 
aboute his Majesty Port William Henry in New Yorke for the accomplishment of 
which, by Labour and other Materialls belonging to his Occupation, there is become 
dew to him nine hundred and Odd pounds Cui-rent money as by the accompt 
already past the Auditt of the Counsell and aecompts now befor this Honorable 
Bord may appeare. 

Now your petitioner haueing greate and pressing Occation for his money that is 
dew to him Humbly prays thatt his' whole Aecompts may be Adjusted and past, 
and a warrant Ishues out by his Excellency to his Majesty Collectors or reeeaver 
Generall to pay the same and your petecioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

D. V. Burgh. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 246, 247. 

March 14, 1695. 

Acts of the Classis of xImsterdam. 

Candidates Answer. 

1695, April 5tli. 

The studiosi S. S. Tlieologiae, who had heretofore presented 
themselves to be examined by onr Rev. Classis for licensure, have 
preached their sermons on their assigned texts, namely: 

Giialterns Du Bois on Rom. 3:25, 

Abrahamus Lakens Rom. 5:12, 

Jacobus Vereyck Rom. 3 :28, 

jSTicholas Colvius Rom. 10 :-l, 

John Godfridus Daille Rom. 9 :13, 

Henricus Solsteyn Rom. 10 :4, 

Cornelius Bogaardt John 1 :14. 

They thereby gave such satisfaction to the Assembly, that they 
were subsequently admitted to the further examination in the 
principal articles of Sacred Theology. Therein they showed them- 
selves so ready in their answers, not only in giving an account of 
the sound Word, which is according to doctrine, but also in the 
removing and solving of the subterfuges and objections of those 
who are outside our circle, that the Rev. Classis made no objection 


1114 Ecclesiastical Records 

to admit them unanimously to j)ublic preaching, for the exercising 
of their gifts, wherever and whenever they might be requested. 
They doubt not but that in due time they will be worthy instru- 
ments for the upbuilding of Christ's Church, and laborers that 
need not be ashamed. To this end the Classis invoked upon all 
of them the blessing, rich in grace, of the Most High. They will 
be provided with letters and proper testimonials, after they have 
signed the formulae of Concord, viii. 226-Y. 

Journal of Assembly, jSTew York, 1695. 

A Dissenting ]\Iinister may be called. 

1695, April 12, page 53. 

The petition of the Church-Wardens and Vestry for the City of 
'New York was read. Upon the consideration of the petition above 
mentioned, it is the opinion of this House that the Vestrymen and 
Church-Wardens have power to call a Dissenting Protestant Min- 
ister ; and that he is to be paid and maintained according as the 
Act directs. Page 53. 

Journal of Council, 1695. 

1695, April 13. 

His Excellency (Gov. Fletcher) did show the Council a petition 
which was given in to the Assembly by the Church- Wardens, and 
the Resolution of the Assembly thereupon, signed by the Speaker, 
which is : Tliat by virtue of the Act for settling a Ministry, they 
have power to call a dissenting minister from the Church of 
England, and compell all persons to contribute to his maintenance, 
pursuant to said Act. 

The Council are of opinion that there is no good to be expected 

from this Assembly The Assembly was called into the 

Council Chamber, when Governor Eletcher said : — 

Gentlemen : You have proceeded to give your opinion or inter- 
pretation of that x\ct of Assembly which provides for a Ministry 
in this City and two other counties, upon a petition presented unto 

OF THE StxVte of ISTew York. 1115 

yon; and you say that the Church-Wardens and Vestrymen may 
proceed, by that Act, to call a Protestant Minister, dissenting from 
the Church of England, and raise the money for his maintenance. 
'Not to tell you that there is no Protestant Church admits of such 
officers as Church- Wardens and Vestrymen but the Church of Eng- 
land, it is out of your province to take upon you to explain an Act 
which you did not make. The laws are to be interpreted by the 
judges. Council Journal, 76. 

Acts of the Deputies and theik Coeeespondence. 

Without date or caption ; but, — The Classis of Amsterdam to the 
Church of Kingston : — Between letters bearing dates of July 
20th 1693 and May 9th, 1695'. xxvii. 223. Probable date, 
April, 1695. 

As we learned with sorrow, by your letter of August 30th 1690* 
of the sad circumstances under which your church suffered ; so we 
rejoiced to learn by your letter of June 20th 1693, t that the 
difficulties were for the most part overcome. Especially, dear 
bretliren, was it a joy to us to perceive, that love for the Word of 
the Lord and for the ministration of the same, has not diminished, 
but rather increased, and been kindled anew by all these difficulties. 
You give a manifest proof thereof, both by your expressed anxiety 
for divine services, and the provision for an honorable salary of a 
pastor. You thus fulfill the teaching of the Apostle, (Gal. Q:6.) 
'* Let him that is taught in the Word, communicate unto him that 
teacheth in all good things ". The same is evident by your earnest 
desire for an able minister; for you request the Classis of Amster- 
dam to send such a one as shall be able to exhort with sound doc- 
trine, stop the mouths of gainsayers, and build you up in faith and 

The Rev. Classis having taken into consideration these matters, 
have called to the service of the Church of Jesus Christ at Kings- 
ton, Rev. John Peter I^ucella, S. S. Ministerii Candidatus, a man 

* This letter was from Kingston, New York, which see. 

t There is another letter from Kingston, of June 30, 1693, referred to in Vol. xxi. 
341, but it has not been found. 



1116 Ecclesiastical Records 

of good report, of studious habits, of excellent gifts and godly walk. 
He has also approved himself to us during several years. We doubt 
not but that you will, under God's blessing, be greatly edified 
through his zeal and faithfulness. We had hoped to have found 
some one familiar with the English language as well as Dutch, but 
no such person appeared. Eeceive this one therefore in the Lord 
with all joy and hold him in reputation. Be respectful to him as 
an ambassador of Christ. Be obedient to the teaching which he 
gives you from the AVord of God — for it is not man's word, but 
God's : — Let him not officiate among you with grief, for that would 
be unprofitable to you. Having come to you with joy, according 
to the will of God, may he be refreshed by you, and remain among 
you to your advancement, and the joy of your faith. ISTow the 
God of peace, who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, 
that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the ever- 
lasting covenant, perfect this your pastor, and perfect you in all 
good works ; so that doing his will, he may work in you that which 
is well-pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the 
glory, forever, Amen. 

Closing, we conmiend you to God, and the Word of his grace. 
In the name of the Kev. Classis, 

(No signature in the Minute Book.) 

Chuech of ISTew York, 

1695, April 18. Eesolutions upon the business of an Incorpora- 
tion for our new Church and its appurtenances. Lib. A. 86. 

At the same time it was proposed, since all appearances are fa- 
vorable, that endeavors should be used to obtain an Incorporation 
from his Excellency, Governor Eletcher and the Council, for our 
Dutch Church, church-buildings, Eordham, and church-lands, and 
also a lessening of the quitrents. The Consistory was pleased with 
the proposal, and resolved to appoint, as we do hereby appoint. Col. 
Stephen Van Cortlandt, Col. ]N^icholas Bayard, Capt. Brant Schuy- 
ler, and Capt. Jacob Van Cortlandt, all members of the Church, a 
committee, to address the Governor and Council, in our name and 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 1117 

authority, and to represent whatever serves or may serve, in order 
to onr becoming Incorporated, or made a Body Politic, and that 
we may be endowed with all useful privileges for our Church, 
buildings, (Manor of) Fordham and other properties, now pos- 
sessed, or hereafter obtained, to enjoy, possess and hold as domains ; 
in short, as above, to have the power of an Incorporation now and 
forever, without becroon from any one, or any bonds, closes or pre- 

This, being made known to the aforesaid gentlemen, was by 
them accepted, and the necessary expenses are to be provided for. 
Signed, Henricus Selyns. Lib. A. 86, 87. 

Church of New York. IVIanor of Fordham. 

1695, April 18. 

Only persons belonging to the Church shall be requested and 
commissioned, in reference to the Manor of Fordham, to let out 
the lands, to make suitable leases, and if any disputes arise, to ex- 
amine into them and settle them. Lib. A. 5. 

The leases were to be for terms of years, not to exceed twenty. 
Lib. A. 85. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Conmiittee of the churches in King's County, Long Island, to 
the Classis of Amsterdam, May 7, 1695. 

To the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Eeverend, Pious and Tery-Learned Brethren in Christ Jesus : — 

The unsearchable God, who is also the Supreme Shepherd, has 
been pleased to gather, in his incomprehensible love, a flock for 
himself from among mankind in its fallen condition, and to bring 
it from the ends of the earth into the fellowship of Christ Jesus. 
He has also exhibited a proof of his Divine character in leading 
us here in America into this, his sheep-fold ; and undeserved by us, 
here too, to set up his Church. Also certain of the savages here, 


1118 Ecclesiastical Records 


hitherto without Christ, have come to recognize him ; while some 
Christians who had once kno^vn God, have become savages, and now 
live without God and Christ. The standard of the Gospel was 
planted here a number of years ago : (1654 on Long Island ; 1628 
in ISTew York.) If it is not now held up and continued, by the 
preaching of the Gospel, through the sending over of ministers for 
this purpose, the very negroes may be washed and become white by 
the Gospel, while we may be turned into negroes, and become black 
and polluted. 

Our Church, as well as the whole Province of J^ew York, have 
no complaints to make as to what our mother, the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam, has contributed towards our welfare and salvation. 
But it has pleased the Lord to take from us in his wise providence 
the Rev. Domine Rudolphus Varick, and our church is thus de- 
prived of his faithful services. He died on September 24, (1694.) 
We, therefore, the representatives of the four churches on ISTassau 
Island, namely, Amersfort, Breuckelen, Midwout and New 
Uytrecht, after mature deliberation, with the invocation of God's 
Name, resolved to call another pastor, or at least to request you 
to do so, to take the place of our former one. Our remembrance 
of the faithful services of Rev. Casper Van Zueren, our former 
minister here, now settled at Gouderak, near the Goude, prompts 
us to make request of his Reverence again to come to us. We ac- 
cordingly call and offer this place to him, as we herewith do, in 
behalf of our churches. We promise for his encouragement to in- 
crease the salary formerly given to him by one hundred C'arolus 
guilders, Holland money; or nine hundred guilders per year in- 
stead of eight hundred, as before — all in cash or silver money, and 
to be paid in quarterly installments. 

As his Reverence is well acquainted with the condition and pecu- 
liar circumstances of our country and church, he can be the more 
quickly and easily persuaded. Meantime, we have not neglected 
also to notify his Reverence of our desire, by special letters sent 
to him. You will also do us a good service by assisting us, by a 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1119 

simultaneous call and letter from the Classis. But if his Reverence 
cannot be persuaded, or has deceased, then the Rev. Classis is au- 
thorized to call some one else for the service of our church. They 
will pleas© to take care that only such a one be sent over, who is of 
good habits and sound doctrine, and who has the proper abilities 
to build up the Church of God ; who will shine before it by a good 
example, and edify it and watch over it. If his Reverence who 
shall be sent over could also preach in English, it would be still 
better, for such ability would be of great service to the church here. 
His Excellency, Mr. Eletcher, Governor of this Province, has been 
informed of our intention and Call, and has approved the same 
and also promised all assistance. 

It now remains to specify the conditions generally. We have 
promised to Domine Casparus Van Zueren, minister at Gouderak, 
and do promise to him or to whosoever may be called and sent over, 
an annual salary of nine hundred guilders, Holland currency, pay- 
able in silver and not in grain, or merchandise, or wampum. We 
will also pay a just one-fourth thereof on each quarter day. His sal- 
ary shall begin with the day when he goes to sea and leaves Holland. 
He shall have, free passage and freight for himself and wife and 
children and goods. The parsonage is a very excellent building 
and stands in tlie centre of the village of Midwout, (Flatbush), and 
has a garden and sufficient pasturage for three animals. He shall 
also have free fuel. When he preaches at ISTew Amersfort, Breuck- 
elen or jSTew Uytrecht — for there is a sermon at one or the other 
of the four villages every Sunday — he shall be taken and brought 
back without cost to himself. To meet all the expenses incurred 
by his call, or required for his ordination, we enclose a draft of 
one hundred and fifty guilders. If anything remains over, you 
may give it, in our name, to the party called. But as to the pas- 
sage and freight for the minister and his goods, this shall be paid 
to the skipper of the vessel in which he comes, immediately upon 
his arrival here. 

We request your Reverences to be kind enough to send us a 
teacher as soon as possible, and the quicker the better. Also, let 



1120 Ecclesiastical Records 

him be one who lives according to God's teachings, and who, there- 
fore, teaches also by his life. We promise and solemnly agree to 
show him all due honor, as well as his salary, so that he may both 
cheerfully enter upon his duties, and cheerfully perform them. 

This request and rambling letter of ours goes in triplicate, and 
by three different routes, to prevent any interruption by its falling 
into the hands of the enemy, and thereby delay, to the frustration 
of our plans. One of the copies goes via England ; the second, via 
Virginia; and the third, via Curacoa. Either of these is to be 
considered the original, in order that our desires may be accom- 
plished as soon as possible. 

In closing^ we pray God to bless your Reverences, and to keep 
you unto length of days in the service of his Church. And may we, 
as the recipients of the heavenly mysteries, never be denied the in- 
struction of the divine revelation of salvation. Done at Breuckelen, 
in our Consistorial meeting, the Tth day of May, 1695. 

Your Reverences willing and humble servants and brethren in 
Christ Jesus, the Commissioners of the churches at Amersfort, 
Breuckelen, Midwout, and ISTew Uytrecht. 

Dirck Jansen ^'^ 

_ T T_, T . Claes X Wyckof 

bamuei Rapelie 

•■- •' mark ^ 

Jores Housen Garret Stoothoff 

Cornelius Sueberingh Carel Van Dyck 

Rynier Aertsen ^^^ 

^ ,. ^^ _, Gysbert X Thyszen 

Cornelius Van Brunt " mark 

Leffert Pietersen Lauen 

In testimony of the truth, and signed in our presence, 

Henricus Selyns, Minister in 'New York. 
Boele Roelof s. Elder in Xew York. 

The foregoing document of call, issued to the Rev. Casparus 
Van Zueren, preacher at Gouderak near the Goude, or in case of 
his death or refusal, to be issued by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
to somebody else; together with the approval and consent of his 

OF THE State of iSTew Yoek. 1121 

Excellency, Benjamin Fletcher, Goveraor of our Province, has 
been communicated to us, the undersigned Consistorv of the Dutch 
Church at IsTew York. Our meeting has been pleased therewith, 
and approves of and agi-ees to the Call in every respect. We pray 
that God may bless it, and that a man may be sent after his o\mi 
heart, to tell of his goodness, and expound his commandments, and 
do them. Done at our Consistorial meeting, New York, the 13th 
of May 1695. 

In the name and by order of our meeting, 

Henricus Selyns, Ecclesiastes I^eo-Eboracensis. 

It having been communicated to the Consistories of E'ew Albany 
and Schenechtade, that, with the previous advice, and consent of 
his Excellency, the Governor of this Province, the four churches 
on ISTassau Island have called, in place of Domine Rudolphus Var- 
ick deceased, the Rev. Casparus Van Zueren, minister at Gouderak, 
or in case of his refusal somebody else, who is to be called by the 
Eev. Classis of Amsterdam ; the said Pev. Consistories cannot but 
approve of said call. They invoke the Lord's rich blessings upon 
said churches. Thus done in the name of all, at ISTew Albany, this 
20th of May 1695. 


For want of time and of a minister the consent of Esopus is 
lacking — 

(Defectu temporis et ministri deficit consensus Esopiensis.) 
Whereas the Rev. Consistory of jSTew York has taken note of 
this document of call in full meeting, and has approved it by a 
unanimous vote and with applause: our Consistory has also been 
yerj much pleased with it, especially because the Rev. Domine 
Casparus Van Zueren, well known to all of us, has been invited 
therein to return, on account of his great virtues and knowledge. 
Therefore we can only add our approval, and pray God for his 



1122 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

divine blessing thereon. Done at our Consistorial meeting, Har- 
lem, the 9th of May 1695. 

By special order of the Consistory, 

Henricus Selyus, Minister at Xew Harlem. 

Inasmnch as the fellowship of the saints is very near to our 
hearts, and in the hope that there may be peace and no strife in 
the church, we are particularly pleased by the communication of 
this call, and the approval of his Excellency, the Governor, and of 
the before mentioned churches. We contribute whatever is in our 
power in its behalf and willingly second the said approval May 
God grant that all calls may be made in such a strain, and the ser- 
vice in the churches be continued according to the laudable rules of 
the church in the ]Si'etherlands. Done, in our Consistorial meeting 
at Bergen, the 12th of May 1695. 

In the name of the present, and in the presence of the former 

Henricus Selyns, Minister at Xew Harlem. 

Long Island. 

1695, May 13. 

The churches on Long Island, having again called Domine Van 
Zuuren, who is now settled at Gouderach, in Holland, — the Church 
of 'New York and also Governor Fletcher approved of the same. 
Lib. A. 87. 

Beveeend Me. Dellius to Goveenor Fletchee. 

May it please your Excellency: Upon Tuesday the 20th last came to me an 
Indian named Joseph one of my proselites from Canida in thirteen days time. The 
last fall he went from the Maquaes Castle to Onondage to assist at their meeting 
in the name of the Second Castle of the Maquaes to assist and consult upon the 
propositions the Indian messengers made there in the name of the Governor of 
Canida. Our Indians perswaded this Joseph to go along to Canida with the mes- 
sengers to see how affairs went there so soon as .he came to Mount Reall he was 
very coldly received and was not permitted to speak with any body. The second 
day after his arrivall he was sent to Quebec where the Governor spoke very kind 
to him and said that he looked upon him as an enemy and a spy and if ever he 
came again he would put him to death the five nations haveing deluded him so 
many times that he would not hear of any offers of peace for he was certainly 
perswaded that the Fire Nations have made an indissoluble covenant with Cayen- 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek, 1123 

quiragoe and unlesse in the space of two months there came two of every nation 
to comply with him he will undoubtedly fall upon them with an army all prepara- 
cons being making thereto. 

The said Joseph informs that the Governour of Canida had sent to the French 
Maquaes Indians to go out against this Government to bring in some prisoners to 
Informe him of the affaires of these parts. The Indians were unwilling to goe but 
by the persuasion of the Jesuits three small partys went out and two partys were 
returned again, before Joseph came away one party brought in three of my 
proselites taken at their hunting place, the other party brought in that young man 
lately taken from Greenbush neere Albany. Being asked what news were at 
Albany he answered there was a great many old England soldiers arrived at Albany 
and after a few dayes a great many more were expected and that your Excellency 
had an army ready to goe and destroy Cadaracqui and another army to goe against 
Mount Reall with a fleet of six hundred sail of ships to attacque Quebeque. 

Joseph reports further that there were flfty of the proselites a hunting together 
and discovered by the French Maquaes. That the Governour had sent sixty bush- 
loopers with one hundred and fourty Indians (but no French Maquaes Indians) with 
expresse order not to take a prisoner alive but kill all. Before he came from 
Mount Reall there was news that the partyes were mett together and that our 
Indians were upon their guard but knows not what is become of it. 

The Indians told him further that if the messengers of the five nations would 
come to Canida the Governour would serve them as our Indians served Chevaleer 
Deaux and his company. 

This is all the Relation I can give your Excellency from this proselite. There 
are two of the proselites with two Maquaes and two River Indians this last week 
gone to Canida to fight and to see if they can take a prisoner. Upon their return 
your Excellency shall have an account; they have promised to be here in the space 
of forty dayes. The leader of the party is one Brandiho who received the last year 
a present of cloaths from your Excellency. I hope they will have good successe. 
I remain. 

Your Excellency's most humble and most obedient servant, 
! Dellius. 

Albany, May 24, 169.5. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 125. 

Church of Xew York. 

1695, June 5. 

The final account of the Church-Builders was presented, etc. As 
to the building of the tower ; that was deferred until after we are 
incorporated; or, until we are favored with the privileges of a 
Church-corporation by his Excellency, Governor Fletcher. This 
matter is again recommended to the Committee appointed to at- 
tend to it. 

Domine Selyns asked that the arrearages due him he paid, as he 

needed them. . Lib. A. 87. 

1695, June. 

Thirty pounds were paid to Domine Selyns, more would have 
been paid him, but the money was needed for the Act of Incorpo- 
ration. Lib. A. 87, 88. 



1124 Ecclesiastical Records 

Letter from Petee De La ISToy Relative to Governor 
Fletcher's Conduct. 

New York 13th June 1G95. 

Sir. At his first firrivall here he insinuated into the inhabitants the great in- 
terest and credit he had at Whitehall, which would baffle any complaints that 
could be made against his administration and this backed with the grandeur of a 
Coach and six horses (n pomp this place had never seen in any former Governor no 
more than himself been used to it in his own Country,) struck such a terror into 
the people, as easily prepared them for the pack-saddles he has laid upon them. 
To recount all his arts of squeezing money both out of the publick and private 
purses would make a volume instead of a letter, and therefore I shall only mention 
some few of the stratagems that from thence you may guesse of this Hercules by 
his foot. The Assembly as is usuall to new Governors made him a complement, 
and gave him a penny in the pound of the inhabitants estates. The Assessors" 
observed the method formerly practised in such cases, but his Excellency thinking 
the some not sufficient (though it amounted to above six hundred pounds) accused 
them of partiallity and threatened to comit them to goal for not assessing the 
inhabitants high enough. He takes a particular delight in having presents made to 
him, declaring he looks upon them as marks of their esteem of him, and he keeps 
a catalogue of the persons who show that good manners, as men most worthy of 
his favor. This knack has found employment for our silversmiths and furnished 
his Excellency with more plate (besides variety of other things) than all our former 
Goveruours ever received. Such clowns as dout practice this good breeding, fall 
under his frowns, or a haughty glance of his eye at least, if they dont feel the 
weight of his hands. 

His vanity is as remarkable as his other qualitys I have mentioned of which the 
following instance will give you a .sufficient proof. In February 1692/3. when the 
French burnt the Maquasse castles, Col. Fletcher upon the news of it embarked 
himselfe and some trainbands of New York and having the advantage of a fair 
wind arrived in two days at Albany which is distant from hence one hundred and 
forty four miles; from Albany he went to Schenectida and sent his men to Major 
Shuyler who comanded the party in the Woods; but the French were beaten and 
run away before these men came up to Shuyler. However our Generall was 
resolved not to lose the glory of his expedition, but at his return to Albany the 
Commander of that Fort was ordered to draw up his forces in their arms for 
receiving his Excellency and salute him with the discharge of all the great guns. 
The Mayor and Aldermen were ordered to make an humble addresse of tlianks and 
a present for his so speedy coming to their relief, and the noble exploits he per- 
formed for them. The poor people had abundance of gratitude and were ready for 
an addresse, but pleaded their impoverishment by the war against making a present. 
The Indians who are a very discerning people saw through the man, and comple- 
mented him with the Indian name of Kayenquiragoe, which signifyes in English 
Great Swift Arrow. His Excellency, who never was wanting to set a full value 
on his own worth construed this name to be a significant acknowledgement of the 
swiftnesse of his expedition (which by the way he was beholden to the wind for) 
but the cunning Indians as I was since informed designed it as a droll upon the 
man and his vain glory; for the.v haveing enquired into his name understood that 
Fletcher is tlie name of a trade, viz., of an Arrowmaker,* bestowed that Indian 
name upon him as a sarcasticall pun. However puffed up with the Albany addresse 
and the Indian complement, he returns to New York, where his tools procured him 
another addresse and a present of a gold cup worth one hundred and twenty pounds 

* Fleehier, Fr. An arrow maker. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1125 

■which they took up at interest and owe at this day. This is the famous expedition 
and these the glorious addresses wliich ho sent over to the Plantation Office in 
England and caused to be printed theref for spreading the renown of his American 


We have a parcell of pirates in these parts which (people) call the Red Sea men, 
who often get great booty of Arabian Gold. His Excellency gives all due encourage- 
ment to these men, because they make all due acknowledgements to him; one 
Coats, a captain of this honorable order presented his Excellency with his ship, 
which his Excellency sold for eight hundred pounds and every one of the crew 
made him a suitable present of Arabian Gold for his protection; one Captain Twoo 
who is gone to the Red Sea upon the same errand was before his departure highly 
caressed by his Excellency in his coach and six horses and presented with a gold 
watch to engage him to make New York his port at his return. Twoo retaliated the 
kindnesse with a present of Jewells; but I can't learn how much further the bargain 
proceeded; time must shew that. 

These things though bad enough in any officer and more particularly in the 
Governor of a Province, yet me thinks are of much less malignity than what I am 
now going to add, and that is the base and insolent behavior of our Governor tor'ds 
a Generall Assembly. This we account the barriere and guard of our libertys and 
propertys, but it signifies very little since his arrivall. If any act for the benefit 
of the people be desired to passe, he sells it 'em as dear as he can, and if they will 
not rise to his price they must goe without it. Tlie people of Sopus to obtain the 
Act called the Boulting Act (which yon understand the meaning of) were forced to 
pay severall hundred pounds, and because the undertakers for the money were 
puzzell'd to raise it by any other meanes, they jumbled it with the publick tax 
which swelled it so high and made it so heavy as had well nigh occasioned a 

After this all you will perhaps wonder when I tell you that this man's boll rings 
twice a day for prayers and that he appears with a great affectation of piety, but 
this is true, and it is as true that it makes him only more ridiculous, not more 

And now Sir that I have told yon our distemper you will easily guesse at the 
cure we desire. It is the removal of this man, and we are not solicitous whether 
he is gently recalled or falls into disgrace, so we are rid of him. If I may presume 
to tell you my thoughts what would be for the safety of these countreys I wish his 
Majesty would place a Generall Governor over New England, New York and the 
Jerseys, so as the Assemblys, Courts of Judicature and Laws of the respective 
colonys may remaine and be kept separate and entire as they now are; for our 
laws and manner of trade are different from one another and the distance betwixt 
us would make very uneasie for the rest of the Provinces to resort to any one for 
comou justice. But a Union under one Governor would be very convenient and 
particularly in time of war, and be a terror to the French of Canada, who assume 
a boldnesse purely from our divisions into separate bodies and the piques that are 
too comon amongst the severall Governors of which the French don't want a con- 

t Kennett's Bibliothecae Americanne Primordia gives the following, which was 
probably the title of the pamphlet: "A Journal of the late actions of the French 
at Canada with the manner of their being repulsed bv his Excellency Benjamin 
Fletcher, their Majesties' Governor of New York, impartiallv related by Col. 
Nicholas Beyard, and Lieutenant Colonel Charles Lodowick, who attended his 
Excellency during the whole expedition. To which is added: 1. An Accoimt of the 
Present State and Strength of Canada, given by two Dutchmen, who have been a 
long time prisoners there, and now made their escape. 2. The Examination of a 
French Prisoner. 3. His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher's Speech to the Indians. 
4. An Address from the Corporation of Albany, to his Excellency, returning thanks 
for his Excellency's early assistance for their Relief. Licensed Sept. 11, 1693. 
London, Printed for Richard Baldwin, 1693. 4to. p. 22 ". 


1126 Ecclesiastical Records 

stant intelligence. Besides such a Union nnder one Generall Governor will be a 
meanes of making an easie conquest of Canada, which if effected, would make his 
Majesty Emperor of North America secure the sole trade of Beaver to England, 
and defray its whole charge out of the booty to be found there. To satisfy you I 
don't say this at a venture I doe assure you the English in these Colonys out 
number the Fi-euch of Canada no lesse than in the proportion of twenty to one, 
and what might not such a force united effect against so small a body, and yet 
this handfull of French are continuall thornes in our sides; which is wholly owing 
to our separate government. Sir, besides your own comands, I have been Im- 
portuned by many Gent, of this Province to give you an account of our circum- 
stances, and to beg your advice and assistance to deliver us out of 'em, which will 
be a charitable and generous act, to the whole Province, and the greatest pleasure 
to as well as obligation upon, Sir, 

Your most humble servant, 

(Signed) P. D. LA Noy.* 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 221, 222, 223, 224. 

Synod of Xorth Holland, Aug. 4. 1695, at ]!^oon. 

' Article 7. 

Ad Art. 8. Speaking of the Indian Churches: the Rev. Depu- 
ties reported in regard to what had been given them in charge, 
First : they had been commissioned to present the necessity of the 
churches and preachers of iSTew York, to his Royal Majesty of 
Great Britain, (William III), but on examining into the matter 
more closely, they had discovered that a great part of the grievances 
of those brethren had been affronts and violence v^hich they had 
suffered at the do^mf all of the preceding administration ; but this 
had been taken away by the government now established in that 
land on the part of the King; that the other inconveniences were 
beginning to adjust themselves fa^'orably; in particular regarding 
the Rev. Dellius and Selyns ; and that Rev. Varick had died. In 
their opinion, therefore, there was no matter of sufficient weight 
and emphasis, now, about which to trouble the King; that they 
had also spoken to his Excellency, the Commissioner Fagel, and 
to Councillor Schuilenburg, about the business, and that their ad- 
vice had been of the same character. Therefore they had omitted 
the preparation of a petition to His Majesty, and they hoped that 
Synod would approve of their action. 

This signature is cancelled in the original. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoke. 1127 

Petition of the Reformed Dutch Church of !N^ew York 
City foe a Charter. 

1695, June 19. 

The humble petition of the Minister, Ekiers and Deacons of the 
Dutch Church in this citv (Xew York) in order to become a Cor- 

To his Excellencv, Benjamin Fletcher, Captain-General and 
Governor-in-Chief of his Majesty's province of Xew York and ter- 
ritories and tracts of land therqon depending, in America, and Vice- 
Admiral of the same: his Majesty's Lieutenant and Commander- 
in-Chief of the Military and all the Forces, by sea and land, within 
his Majesty's colony of Connecticut, and all the Forces and Places 
of Strength within the Same; and Council: 

The humble petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the 
Dutch Protestant Congregation in the City of Xew York, most 
humbly showeth: 

That your Excellency's petitioners have for these thirty one 
jears past, as well by the Articles of Surrender (1664) of this 
Province to the Crown of England, as by the several grants and 
concessions of the respective Governors that have succeeded to the 
administration of the Government of the same during the said 
time, have held, used and enjoyed, the right, privilege and benefit 
of assembling together for the public worship and service of God, 
according to the Constitution and Directions of the Reformed 
Churches in Holland, approved and instituted by the Synod of 
Dort: and for the better performance of the said divine service, 
have at their ovm proper cost and charge, made and erected a public 
edifice or church, and do likewise hold, possess and enjoy sundry 
messuages and tenements, within the said city of l^ew York, as 
well as the Manor of Fordham within the county of Westchester, 
and other farms within the said Province, which with great cost 
.and charges they have obtained. 

And your Excellency's petitioners, taking into consideration the 
necessity of having the said rights, benefits, privileges and proper- 



1128 Ecclesiastical Records 

ties now possessed and enjoyed, as aforesaid, well secured in the 
law, not only for the present ease, commodity and advantage of 
those who are at present members of the communion of the said 
Protestant Church or Congregation ; but also that their successors 
forever, may be persons capable in the Law to hold and enjoy the 
same, without any further trouble or molestation whatsoever : to 
that end, therefore, they become most humble suppliants to your 


That your Excellency would be favorably pleased to order his 
Majesty's grant of confirmation unto your Excellency's petitioners, 
of all the premises, and to make them and their successors forever 
capable to hold and enjoy the same, by Incorporating the members 
of the said Dutch congTegation into a Body Politic and Corporate,, 
in deed, fact and name, by the name and style of " THE MIjSTIS- 
YORK " : 

And as such they may hold and enjoy all the benefits, rights, 
privileges, advantages, both in the free exercise of their religion 
and divine service and worship, according to the Rules aforesaid ; 
and also in the holding and enjoying of all other properties, rights 
and advantages, in as full and ample manner, as are held, used, 
occupied and enjoyed, by any corporation, or body politic and cor- 
porate, mthin his Majesty's realm of England and this Province, 
under such moderate rent as to your Excellency and Council shall 
seem meet and convenient : 

And your Excellency's petitioners, as in duty bound shall ever 
pray, etc. Signed by these, June 19, 1695. 

Henricus Selyns, Minister. 

John De Peyster, Deacon. William Beekman, Elder 

Jacobus Kip, " Johannes Kerfbyl, " 

Isaac De Forest, " 

Isaac De Riemer, " 

' OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 1129 


Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 
The Chiircli of ^^ew York. 

1695, Sept. 5th. 

Further, the Rev. Deput. ad Eccles. Exteras communicated to 
the Rev. Classis a certain letter, sent by the church of New York. 
It stated that on the occasion of the decease of the Rev. Rudolphus 
Varick, late minister there, (on Long Island,) counsel had been 
taken in the fear of the Lord regarding the filling of that vacant 
place. They had let their thoughts again contemplate the calling 
of another capable minister, and they had unanimously lighted on 
the Rev. Domine Casparus van Zueren, formerly their faithful and 
much beloved minister, and who is now minister at Gouderak, just 
outside of the city of Gouda. They had formerly very courteously 
made request to him, and called him ; yea, had urged upon him, the 
service of their church, under flattering conditions, according to 
letters addressed to him in the name of, and by order of the mem- 
bers of the Consistory, assembled together; and his name is still 
of blessed memory among them all. But in case he himself might 
not find it seasonable now to come, or had no inclination thereto, 
they were sure of his great interest in the welfare of their church, 
and would, therefore, very politely urge him to request some one 
else to go thither. He would thus kindly lend a helping hand to 
the Classis of Amsterdam in this business. All this appears in a 
letter of said Rev. Casparus Zueren, sent to them (the Classis) 
for the purpose of presenting his courteous and reasonable excuse, 
namely, his feebleness and indisposition. 

But the Rev. Groenewoudt, S.S. Min. Candidat. of Rotterdam, 
having been recommended, the Rev. Assembly in accordance with 
the request of said church, has so far interested itself therein, that 
it directed its Deputati ad Eccles. Exteras, so far as they could, 
to gather information regarding the qualifications of the said 
Rev. Groenewoudt, and to invite him to come hither at the time 
of the next regular Classis. This will be on October 3rd, (1695.) 



They will then consider liim, witli other "' commenclat and arrange 
the matter in such a manner, as they shall deem suitable, for the 
best welfare, edification and happiness of the said church in New 
York, (viz. the united churches on Long Island, of Brooklyn, Flat- 
bush, Flatlands, and New Utrecht.) viii. 239-240. 

Call to New York (viz. to the churches of Kings Co. L. I.) 

1695, Oct. 3rd. 

Regarding Rev. Groenewoudt, w^hereof see previous Acta, Rev. 
Deput. ad Eccles. Exteras report, that he had no inclination 
towards the service of the churches in foreign lands. Wherefore 
the Rev. Classis concluded, in order to oifer a speedy and helpful 
hand to this vacant church in New York, (viz. Kings Co. L. I.) 
to consider other parties, and accordingly nominate Rev. Erancis- 
cus Wyngaarden, and Rev. William Lupardus. Of these two, 
there was elected, by a majority of votes. Rev. William Lupardus. 
This was announced to him, and being accepted by him in the fear 
of the Lord, it was decided to have the final examination three 
weeks from to-day, which will be October 24th, unless there be 
some impediment. There was assigned him, for a subject — text, 
by Rev. Domine Examiner, Hebr. 10: 18, " Now where remission 
of these is, there is no more offering for sin ". viii. 242. 

CouNciT. JouKisrA-L, N. Y. 1695, Oct. 16. Sabbath Observance. 
Eletcher, Governor. 

The Assembly sent a Bill to the Council against the profanation of 
the Lard's day; Council Journal 82. Read etc. Amended, — • 
(Provided that this law shall no ways extend to any native or free 
Indian within this Province not professing the Christian religion) 
and (or to do any other act of necessity) — to come in after travel 
on the Lord's day. Sent back to Assembly, October 17. Enacted 
October 22. Council Journal, 82, 83, 84. 

i '"' OF THE State of ]S[ew Yoek. 1131 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Eev. William Lnpardus. 

1695, Oct. 24tli. 

Eev. William Lupardiis, called as minister to tlie clnircli in JSTew 
York, (viz. Kings Co. L. I.) appeared, in pnrsiiance of the resolu- 
tion of the Classis last held, for his final exami-nation. He treated 
hi an able manner the text assigned him, Hebr. 10: 18. In his 
answers to the questions proposed to him, he showed himself ortho- 
dox, and conducted himself in such a way, that the Assembly ad- 
mitted him to the actual ordination, saying, however, that they ex- 
pected further diligence and stirring up of his gifts. This the 
Rev. Examiner urged upon him. Whereupon the (ordination) im- 
mediately followed, after he had signed the usual formulae of 
Concord. The rich blessing of the grace of the Most High was in- 
voked upon him, for the duties of his ministry. The Assembly 
then seperated with thanksgiving to God. viii. 213. 

I 'New Yoek Under Leislee. 

From account of Messrs. (Jacob) Leisler, (Jr.) and from Gov- 
erneur's account of Grievances at ISTew York, from September 1st 
1692 to October 31, 1695. 

18. That the Dutch ministers in the Province did preach against 
the actors in the Revolution under Capt. Jacob Leisler's command, 
by what instigation, they know ; that they had deserved, by their 
rebellion, great punishment, and were to acknowledge their faults ; 
the people, sensible of their just cause, could not endure to hear such 
sermons ; they were opposers of the Revolution. The Minister of 
New York, (Sel^Tis) could not find it in his heart to pray for their 
Majesties, as was required, till Capt. Jacob Leisler did give him 
a form. At the arrival of Governor Sloughter, when Capt. Leisler 
and all under him, as much as they could get, were imprisoned, he 
(Selyns) was overjoyed, and took his text out of Psalm 27, " I had 
fainted unless I had hoped to see the goodness of the Lord in the 
land of the living; " and Saul-like, had a good like in the destruc- 


1132 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

tion of the innocent ; and how instrumental at the time of execution 
(he Avas) is notorious. 

The minister at Albany (Dellius) clenieth to pray for the King; 
did it only for the crown ; would observe no orders of Capt. Leisler ; 
kept correspondence Avith a Jesuit in Canada, which Jesuit by a 
letter, called him " Amicus honoratissimus " ; and that they had 
only war with such who were not at the side of the King; (that 
Dellius) inflamed the people much against Capt. Leisler, made him 
black by his letters to Europe, of which he himself was ashamed ; 
(that he) boasted that one of such letters could destroy him, (and) 
was bitterly against the Eevolution. Page 219. 

The minister of ISTassau Island (Varick) is deceased; (he) was 
iirst for tlie Revolution, and brought the country to act unani- 
mously ; but afterward, being seduced, was brought to a contrary 
opinion, and created division; (he) was suspected by the people, 
especially about a contrivance to take the fort, for which he was 
tried, condemned, fined, imprisoned, and upon subjection to Capt. 
Leisler, released without fine ; for this was much affected (was very 
zealous) to Capt. Leisler's execution, and made intolerable ser- 
mons, and died without the least reconciliation. Col. Docs. iv. 

Request of Rev. John Miller, Bkitish Chaplain, foe the 

King's Farm. 

Extract from Rev. John Miller's Book, asking for the King's Farm. 


" That his Majesty will please to give him the farm in Xew York 
commonly called the King's Farm, for a seat for himself and his 
successors, which though at present a very ordinary thing, yet will 
it admit of considerable improvement ; and since this farm, renting 
at present for sixty bushels of wheat per annum, in the whole at 
four shillings per bushel, amounting to twelve pounds Xew 1. ork 
money, is at present an advantage to the Governor, that I may not 
seem to care how much I impoverish the Governor, so I enrich the 
bishop, I further propose that the bishop be obliged when himself 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoke. 1133 

is not governor to render an equivalent to the present rent, either 
by giving yearly so many loads of hay, or by settling so much land 
where he pleases, within two miles of 'New York, as shall be suifi- 
cient for that purpose, or to pay the sum of money itself, which 
shall be best approved of ". p. 62. K Y. Col. Docs. iv. 182. (A 
full account of the Miller episode may be found in Bishop Perry's 
Hist. Am. (Epis.) Church, i. 160-1. Miller's book, left in MS., 
was published in 1843, under the title; " A Description of the 
Province and City of New York, with plans of the City and sev- 
eral Forts as they existed in the year 1695. 8vo. London. Thomas 
Rodd, 1813. See Govvan's Bibliotheca Americana; also a new 
edition with an introduction and copious historical notes by John 
Gilmary Shea, L.L.D., published by Gowan in JSTew York in 1862. 
See also Am. Ch. Hist. Series, viii. 160-110.) 

Memorial of Messrs. Brook and Xicolls to the Lords of 


Jan. 7th, 1696. 
To the Right Honorable His Majest.r's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. — 

The agents for New York humbly represent, that having been sent from New 
York by the Goyernor, Council and Assembly, to lay before his Majesty the State 
of the Countrey, and humbly to pray that further assistance may be given that 
Province against the French, they have pursuant to their instructions and your 
Lordshipps directions proposed several matters as necessary for that purpose, 
whereupon divers orders upon your Lordshipps representation to His Majesty have 
been given for the strengthning that Government against the French. 

But In as much as no directions have been as yet given upon the following heads 
which the said Agents have (humbly) laid before your Lordshipps, viz. 




6. That some hardy youths of good naturall parts and well understanding Gram- 
mar may be sent over to reside among the Indians and learn their language. 

7. That some English Clergy may be encouraged to dwell for some time amongst 
those people to endeavor their conversion to the Protestant Religion. — Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iv. 254. 

Third City Vestry^ Chosen. 
(j^ames of Episcopalians in Italics.) 

1696, Jan. 14. 
Church "Wardens: Wm, Pinhome, Stephen Van Cortlandt. 
Vestrymen: Samuel Burte, John Croohe, Jos. Evetts, Giles Gan- 


1134 Ecclesiastical Records 

dineaii, Nat. Marstin, Wm. Morris, Lawrence Eeade, Jolm Van 
Cortlandt, Dirck Vanderburg, Ebenezer Wilson. 

Petition of Ceetaust Episcopalians to Purchase Ground for 
AN English Church in ISTew York City. 

• 1G96, March 19. 

" To his Excellency BEX J AMI X ELETCIIER, Captain Gen- 
eral and GoA'ernor-in-Cheife of the Province of IsTew York, Prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania, County of Xew Castle, and all the Tracts 
of Land depending thereon in America, and Vice Admirall of the 
same, etc. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the City of ]S['ew York, 
members of the Church of England — 

That Whereas yr Petitioners are Desirous to build a Church, 
within the Citty for the use of the Protestants of the C&urch of 
England, and having mett with great encouragement from severall 
good Protestants in order to the carrying on of the same. 

Therefore yr Excell. Petitioners do humbly pray that yr Excell. 
would be pleased to grant a Lycence to yr Petitioners to purchase a 
small piece of Land Eyeing without the ISTorth gate of the said 
Citty, betwixt the King's Garden and the burying Place, and to 
hold the same in mortmain, and thereon to build the said Church, 
as also to take and receive all Voluntary Contributions, and to 
do all other Lawfull acts and things for the Effecting the same, and 
yr Excellency's Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray, etc. 
Tho. Clark Will. Morris 

Robt. Lurting Ebenezer Willson 

Jeremiah Tothill Will. Merrett 

Caleb Lleathcote Ja. Emott 

James Evetts ,■. . ^^- Ashfield 

19 March 1695/0 . " 

Granted. ; 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1135 


(It will be observed that only three of these men were in the 

Ctij Vestry, viz., Evetts, Morris and Willson. See under date 

'Nor. 2, 1626.) 

Council Journal. (Fletcher's address.) 
The Chapel in the Fort. ls'"ew York. 

1696, April 7. 

His Majesty has by his royal letter recommended to us the build- 
ing of a Chapel in this fort; a former Assembly took some notice 
of it ; I hope you will not be wanting in your parts to forward and 
finish it. p. 89. 

" April 1 7. Ordered — Lt. Col. Monvielle desire 

the Assembly to take into consideration the debts of the govern- 
ment and the Chapel. 92. 

" April 20. The Assembly desired a Committee to be appointed 
to consider the debts of the government, and charge of the Chapel 
against the next session. 92. 

Whereupon his Excellency and the Council do think fit and 
necessary for his Majesty's service, the Assembly do proceed im- 
mediately upon the accounts of the government and the Chapel. 
Ordered, Col. Lt. Cortlandt, Col. Nicholas Bayard, William Pin- 
horne, Esq. and Col. Caleb Heathcote be a committee of the Coun- 
cil to confer with A comanittee of the Assembly at Col. Heathcotes 
chamber this afternoon thereupon. And that Lt. Col. Monville 
deliver this answer to the Assembly and desire that they will ap-^ 
point a committee of their house accordingly. 92. 

April 20. The Committee of the Assembly refuse to treat of 
finishing the Chapel, having no directions from their house to med- 
dle any further than the accounts of the government. 93, 


Ecclesiastical Records 


The two Earliest Ecclesiastical Charters m New York.* 


charter of the reformed dutch 
church) of new york, 1696, 
May 11. (Patents, vii. 25 seq.) 


May 6. (Patents, vii. 82 seq.) 

I. Name and Title of King, and 
Reference to Petition for a 

William tlie Third, By the grace 
of God, King of England, Scot- 
land, France and Ireland, De- 
fender of the Faith, etc. To all 
to whom these presents shall 
come, sendeth greeting: 

Whereas: Wee have been in- 
formed by the humble peticon of 
onr loving Subjects, Henricus 
Selyns, (Nicholas Bayard. Ste- 
phanus van Cortlant,)4. William 
Beeckman, Johannes Kerbyle; 
Joannes De Peyster, Jacobus 
Kipp, Isaac De foreest, and Isaac 
De Reymer, the present Minister, 
Elders and Deacons of the Dutch 
Protestant congregacon in our 
City of New yorke, presented to 
our trusty and wellbeloved Ben- 
jamin Fletcher Our Captaine 
General! and Governour in Chiefe 
of Our Province of New Yorke 
and Territoryes depending there- 
on in America, That the said 
Minister, Elders, Deacons and 
the other members in com- 
munion of the said Dutch pro- 
testant congregacon in Our said 
City of New yorke, 

I. Name and Title of the King, 
and Reference to Ministry Act of 
1693 with Assertion that it estab- 
lished the Church of England. 

(lUlielmus, tertius, Del Gratia An- 
gliae Scotiae Franciae et Hiber- 
uiae. Rex fldei Defensor, etc. To 
all to whom these Presents shall 
come, sendeth greeting: 

Whereas by an act of Assembly 
made in the fifth year of our reign, 
entitled. " An Act for settling a 
Ministry, and raising a Mainte- 
nance for them in the City of New 
York, County of Richmond, West- 
chester, and Queen's County " ; 
among other things therein con- 
tained it is enacted, that there shall 
be called, inducted and established, 
a good sufficient Protestant Minis- 
ter, to officiate and have the care 
of souls within our said city of 
New York; and for his better en- 
couragement to attend the said ser- 
vice, it is thereby further enacted, 
that there shall be annually, and 
once in every year, assessed, 
levied, collected, and paid for tlie 
yearly maintenance of the said min- 
ister, within our city and county 
of New York, the sum of one hun- 
dred pounds, current money of our 
province of New York; to be as- 
sessed, levied, collected, and paid in such manner 
and proportion as is further directed in the body 
of the aforesaid act, relation being thereunto had 
may more fully and at large appeal'. 

♦ The analyses and headings are inserted to facilitate comparison and study. 

t Names of Bayard and Van Cortlandt omitted here evidently by clerical error.. 
They are in original Minutes, and mentioned subsequently in this Charter. 

OF THE State of I^Tew York. 




II. Pieces of Property Belonging II. Property of Trinity Glmrch. 
to said Dutch Church, 1696. 


1. The Dutch have built a Church, 
1693, in Garden street, and have a 

1. No Churcli Building or property 
in 169o, in New York, for service 
of the Church of England. 

Have at their own charge built 
and erected a Church within our 
said City of New yorke, and the 
same together with the Cemetery 
or Church-Yard thereunto adjoin- 
ing, have dedicated to the service 
of God, situate, lying, and being 
in a certaine street, called the gar- 
den street, being bounded on the 
south by the said garden street, 
and on the north by the orchard, 
late in the possession of Elizabeth 
Drisius, and on the west by the 
lott of John Hendrick De Bruyn, 
and on the east by the lotts of 
John Sipkins and David Hendrix; 
containing on the south side, one 
hundred and eighty foot, and on the 
north side, one hundred and sev- 
enty live foot, and on the west side 
eighty four foot, and on the east 
side eighty four foot, all of Eng- 
lish measure, 

And whereas at the same time 
when the aforesaid act was made 
there was not erected any public 
church or building within our said 
city, whereunto such a good suffl^ 
cient Protestant Minister might 
have been inducted for his orderly 
officiating of his dutj^ in the public 
worship and service of God, ac-. 
cording to the rites and ceremonies 
of our Protestant Church of Eng- 
land established by our laws. 

But such a Building now. 1697, is 
in Course of Erection on Broadway. 

And w^hereas our trusty and well- 
beloved Benjamin Ffletcher, our 
captain-general and governor in 
chief of our said province of New 
York, and territories depending 
thereon in America, hath, by his 
liberal and bountiful donations, as 
well as by his pious example, influenced many 
of our loving subjects, who have like^nase reli- 
giously contributed according to their respective 
abilities, several sums of money, which by our- 
said captain-general's direction, have been em- 
ployed and laid out for the erecting and building 
a church and laying the foundation of a steeple, 
within our said city, that the public worship and 
service of God. in manner aforesaid, might be 
more orderly and reverendly performed by the 
aforesaid minister. 

2. A Lot North West of Church 

Together with another lott of ground adjoin- 
ing to the north side of the said Church lott, 



1138 Ecclesiastical Records 


abutting on the north side upon the lott of Hen- 
ricus Selyns, on the west side upon the alley 
newly laid out, on the east the lott of John Weet, 
and on the south the said Church lott; contain- 
ing, on the north, sixty three foot two inches, ' ' , ■ 
on the south, sixty five foot and a half, on the 
east, eighteen foot, and a half, and on the west, 
twenty two foot, English measure, 

8. A Lot on Beaver Street. ' .-,.■■ 

And are also seized in their demesne as of ffee ■. ' ; 

as in right of the said church, of and in a cer- , 

tain messuage or toft of ground, situate, lying. 
and being within Our said City of New yorke, ■ ; ... 

in a certain street called and known by the name • 

of Beaver streete, being bounded on the west by 
the lott formerly belonging to Paulus Vander- 
beeck, and now in the possession of the widow :• 

of Nicholas Depue, on the east by the lott here- ' 

tofore belonging to Thomas Wandall, and now . 
in the occupation of Jacob Lenuen, on the north 
by the lott late appertaining to Ceonraedt Ten- , 

eyck, and now in the tenure of Theunis De Key, 
and on the south by the said Bevers streete, con- ; 

taining in front towards the said streete, forty 
four foot one halfe in depth, on the west one ;, 

hundred and thirty foot one halfe, on the east 
side one hundred thirty foot eight inches, and , . 

on the reere or north side forty five foot tenn 
inches, English measure, [' 

4. The Manor of Fordham. ;' 

As also of and in a certain Mannour commonly ■ ' 

called and knowne, by the name of the Mannour . - 

of Fordham, situate, lying and being within Our ' 

County of Westchester, in the Eastward of Har- 
lem River, near luito the passage formerly called j 
Spiten divell, and now known by the name of 
Kingsbridge; being at the high woodland that 
lyes due northwest, over against the first point 
of the Maine land, to the east of Paparinam. 
there where the Kill Musketas is, and so goes 
along the said kill; the said land stretching from 
the high woodland afore-menconed, east, south- 
east until it comes unto Bronx kill; so westward 

OF THE State of Xew York. 





up along the Maine land, to the place -where 
Harlem Kill and Hudson River meet, and then 
further alongst Harlem kill to the fresh spring 
or fountaine Ijing to the south of Crab Island, 
so eastward along Daniel Tormer's land, the 
high woodland belonging to Thomas Hunt, and 
then to Bonx kill, aforemenconed, 

5. A Piece of Meadow. 

As also of and in a certain parcell of meadow. 
No. 1 situate, lying and being on the said Mau- 
nour of Fordham, beginning in the middle of a 
point to the north of Creger's house, beyond or 
above *he small cove that lyes above the said 
house, and southwest in Harlem river, and ex- 
tends further northwest to the highway where 
the "wooden bridge lyes; 

III. Second Reference to Peti- 
tion for Charter, and request 
for grant and confirmation of 
these premises; and that the 
OtHcers and Memb&rs be in- 
corporated as a Dutch Church. 

111. Reference to Petition of Man- 
agers of the Affairs of the 
Church of England, asking for 
a Grant of Land, and Conflr- 
mation of Title to said Churcti 
and Land. 

1. The Petition. 

1. The Request. 

And whereas. In the said humble 

they have likewise 
prayed our grant 

And whereas, our loving subjects 
Col. Caleb Heathcote, one of our 
council of our said province; Major 
William Merret, mayor of our said 
city of New York; John Tuder, James Emott, 
William Morris, Robert Lurting, Thomas Clarke, 
Ebenezer Willson, Samuel Burt. James Evetts, 
Nathaniel Marston, Michael Hawden, Thomas 
Wenham, John Crooke. and William Sharpas, 
citizens and inhabitants of our said city of New 
York, and the present managers of the affairs of 
our said Church of England within our said city 
of New jYork, have, by their petition presented 
unto our said trusty and well-beloved Benjamin 
Ffletcher, our said captain-general and governor 
in chief of our said province of New York, and 
territories depending thereon in America, prayed 
our royal grant and confirmation of a certain 
church and steeple that hath been lately built 


Ecclesiastical Records 




jind confirmacon of 
all and every of 
the premises, 

within our said city of New Yorli; together with 
a certain piece or parcel of gi'onnd thereunto ad- 
joining, situate, lying, and being in or near to a 
street without the north giate of our said city, 
commonly called and known by the name of the 
Broadway; containing in breadth on the east end,^ 
as the said street of the Broadway rangeth north- 
ward, three hundred and ten feet, untill you 
come unto the land lately in the tenure and occu- 
pation of Thomas Lloyd, deceased; and from 
thence towards the west, in length by the said 
land, until you come unto Hudson's River: and 
then southward along the said River three hun- 
dred and ninety five feet, all of English measure; 
and from thence by the line of our garden east- 
ward, unto the place of the said street in the 
Broadway where first begun. 

2. That said Property be Conse- 
crated to the Rites of the Church 
of England. 

And that the said Church, together with the 
cemetery or church-yard thereunto adjoining, 
may forever hereafter be dedicated and conse- 
crated to the public worship and service of God, 
according to the rites and ceremonies of the 
Protestant Church of England, as now estab- 
lished by our laws; which said Church and 
steeple, situate, lying, and being within our said 
city as aforesaid, having been built and erected 
at the charge of our said trusty and well beloved 
Benjamin Ffletcher, our said captain-general and 
governor as aforesaid, and of several other of 
our loving subjects, inhabitants within our said 
city and province. 

2. That the said Church may be 
Incorporated as a Dutch Re- 
formed Church. 

And that we would be graciously 
pleased to make them and their 
Suecessours forever capable to hold 
and enjoy the same, by incorporat- 
ing the members of the Said Dutch 

:3. That said Church be made Paro- 
chial and be incorporated as a 
Church in Communion of the 
Protestant Church of England. 
And whereas our said loving sub- 
jects, in their said humble peti- 
tion, have likewise prayed that we 
would be graciously pleased, for 
the better accommodation and eon- 

or THE State of I^ew Yoke. 



Protestant Congregation in oui' 
City of New yorlve, aforesaid, into 
a bod}^ politick and corporate in 
deed and name, by tlie name and 
style of the Minister. Elders and 
Deacons of ttie Reformed Protes- 
tant Dntcli Cliurcli of onr City of 
New Yorke. 


veniency of the inhabitants of our 
said city of New York, that the 
same church might be made Paro- 
chial and incorporate into one body 
politic in fact and name, by the 
name of " The Rector and Inhabi- 
tants in Communion of tlie Protes- 
tant Church of England, as now 
established by our Laws"; and 
^ , that, as such, they and their suc- 

cessors may have, hold, use, occupy 
and enjoy all the rights, benefits, advantages, 
privileges, immunities, mortuaries, and appur- 
tenances, as are usually held and enjoyed by all 
or any of our Parochial churches, of Our Oliurch 
of England, within our realm of England. 


4. That the money to be raised un- 
der Act of 1693 be appropriated 
to said church; also certain land. 

And also, that we would be further graciously 
pleased to appropriate unto our said church, the 
aforesaid yearly maintenance of one hundred 
pounds, enacted by the aforesaid act, and make 
our further royal grant of a certain quantity of 
our land, near adjoining to the said church, unto 
the said petitioners, in trust for the use of our 
said church and corporation. 

1\'. Requests granted. 

1. Reasons. 

IV. Requests granted. 
1. Reasons. 

Now know Yee, 
sideracon thereof 

that in con- 

as well as Wee being willing, in 
particular favour to the pious pur- 

Now know ye, tliat in considera- 
tion of the great charge that our 
said trusty and well beloved sub- 
ject Benjamin Ffletcher, our cap- 
tain-general as aforesaid, and the 
rest of our aforesaid loving sub- 
jects, inhabitants within our said 
city, etc. have been at in the erect- 
ing of the said church, and laying 
the foundation of a steeple; and 
the further great charge that must 
unavoidably accrue for the finish- 


Ecclesiastical Eecokds 



poses of our said loving subjects 
and to secure them and their Suc- 
cessours in the free exercise and 
enjoyment of all their civill and 
religious rights, appertaining unto 
tiiem In manner aforesaid, as Uur 
loving subjects, and to Preserve to 
them and their Successours that 
liberty of worshipping God accord- 
ing to the constitutions and direc- 
cons of the reformed churches in 
Holland, approved and instituted 
by the Nationall Synod of Doi't, 


iug the said church and steepie, 
and the providing it w^ith suitable 
ornaments; and also for the erect- 
ing and providing a house, near the 
said church, for the habitation of 
a minister to offlcia«te in the said 
church, in manner aforesaid, as 
well as of our pious inclinations,, to 
promote, propagate, and encourage 
all our loving subjects within our 
said province, in that reverend and 
godly duty in worshipping and 
serving God according to the com- 
mendable rites and ceremonies of 
our Protestant Church of England, 
as now established by our laws, 

2. Perfect Religious Freedom giv- 
en to the Dutch Church, with 
tlie Confirmation of their Prop- 

Trinity Church made the Parish 
Church, and consecrated to the 
rites of the Church of England. 

(1) Freedom of Worship to Dutcii 

Have therefore thought fitt and do hereby pub- 
lish, grant, ordaine, and declare. That Our royall 
will and pleasure is, that noe person in com- 
munion of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church, within our said City of New yorke, at 
any time hereafter shall be any ways molested, 
punished, disquieted, or called in question, for 
any differences in opinion in matters of the 
protestant religion, who do not actually disturb 
the civill peace of Our said Province, but that all 
and every person and persons in Communion of 
the said reformed protestant Dutch Church may, 
from time to time, and at all times hereafter, 
freely and fully have and enjoy his and their own 
judgements and consciences in matters of the 
protestant religion concernments of the said re- 
formed protestant Dutch Church, according to 
the constitutions and direccons aforesaid, they 
behaving themselves peaceably and quietly, and 
not using this liberty to licentiousnesse and pro- 
fannesse. nor to the civill injury or outward dls- 

OF THE State of New York. 




tui'bance of others; any law, statute, usage or 
custome of Our realme of England, or of this, 
our Province, to the contrary hereof in any 
wayes notwithstanding. 


(2) Their property confirmed to 
them as a Dutch Church. 

Confirmation of their property 
as a Church of England 

And that they may be in the 
better capacity to hold and enjoy 
the premises. Wee have further 
thought fitt, and at their aforesaid 
humble request, wee are graciously 
pleased to ordaine and declare that 
the aforesaid church, built and 
erected as aforesaid, and scituate, 
lyeing and being within the limites 
aforemenconed, and the ground 
thereunto adjoyning and inclosed 
and intended to be used for Ceme- 
try or Churcli-yard of the minister, 
elders and deacons, and other mem- 
bers of the reformed protestant 
Dutch Church of Our City of New 
Yorke, and the same is hereby de- 
clared to be forever separated and 
dedicated to the service of God, and 
to be applyed therein only to the 
use and behalfe of the members of 
the said Dutch Church Inhabitants 
from time to time inhabiting and 
to inhabite Avithin Our said City 
of New yorke, 

(3) To have a perpetual Succession 
of Ministers. The First Min- 

Have therefore thought fit, and 
do hereby publish, grant, ordain, 
manifest, and declare, that our 
royal will and pleasure is, and 
by these presents do grant and de- 
clare, that the aforesaid church, 
erected and built as aforesaid, sitU' 
ate in and near the street called the 
Broadway, within our said city of 
New York, and the ground there- 
unto adjoining, enclosed and used 
for a cemetry or church-yard, 
shall be the parish church, and 
church-yard of the parish of Trinity 
Church, within our said city of 
New York; and the same is hereby 
declared to be forever separated 
and dedicated to the service of 
God, and to be applied thereunto 
for the use and behalf of the in^ 
habitants from time to time inhab- 
iting, and to inhabit within our said 
city of New York, in communion 
with our said Protestant Church 
of England, as now established by 
our laws; and to no other use or 
purpose whatsoever, any statute, 
law; custom, or usage to the con- 
trary in any ways notwithstanding. 

(2) To have a perpetual Succession 
of Rectors. The First Rector. 

And that there shall be a minis- 
ter to have care of the souls of the 

And that there shall be a Rector, 
to have care of the souls of the in- 


Ecclesiastical Eecokds 




members of the said reformed pro- 
testant Dutch Church Inhabitants 
from time to time inhabiting and 
to Inhabit within Our said City of 
New yorlie, and a perpetual Suc- 
cession of Ministers there. 

And we do by these presents, 
constitute Our triisty and very lov- 
ing subject, Mr. Henricus Selyns, 
the present Minister of the said re- 
formed protestant Dutch Church in 
Our City of New yorlie aforesaid, 
who hath, since the building and 
dedication of the said Church to 
the service of God very well and 
religiously supplyed the same in all divine offices 
for the service of God and the instruccon of the 
members of the said reformed protestant Dutch 
Church inhabiting within Our said City of New 
yorke, in the Christian faith according to the 
constitutions and direccous aforesaid; 

habitants of the said parisli, and 
a perpetual succession of Rectors 

And we do by these presents con- 
stitute our right trusty and well be- 
loved the Right Reverend Father 
in God, Henry, Lord Bishop of Don- 
don, and of our privy council, the 
first Rector thereof. 

(4) Incorporation of said Minister 
with the Elders, Deacons and 
Members of the Dutch Church. 
Name of Church. 

Wee have further tliought fitt, 
and at the humble peticon of the 
presons aforesaid, are graciously 
pleased to create and make them 

a body politick or corporate, with 
the powers and priviledges here- 
after mentioned, and accordingly 
Our will and pleasure is, and of 

(3) Incorporation of said Rector, 
and his successors, witli the in- 
habitants of New York in Com- 
munion of the Church of Eng- 
land. Name of Church. 

And we have further thought fit, 
and at the humble request of our 
said loving subjects, are graciously 
pleased to create and make him, 
our said right trusty and well be- 
loved Right Reverend Father in 
God, Hem-y, Lord Bishop of Lon- 
don, and his successors, rectors of 
the said parish, together with ail 
the inhabitants from time to time 
inhabiting, and to inhabit in our 
said city of New York, and in com- 
munion of our aforesaid Protestant 
Church of England, as now estab- 
lished by our laws, a body corpo- 
rate and politic, with the power and 
privileges hereinafter mentioned: 
And according to our royal will and 

OF THE State of Xew York. 



Our special grace certaine knowl- 
edge and meere mocon Wee have 
ordained, constituted and declared, 
and by these presents for us. Our 
heirs and Successours, do ordaine, 
constitute and declare, that they 
the said Henricus Selyns, Nicholas 
Bayard, Stephen Cortlandt, Wil- 
liam Beeckmau, Joannes Kerbyle, 
Joannes De Peyster, Jacobus Kipp, 
Isaac De foreest and Isaac De Rey- 
mer, the present Minister, Elders 
and Deacons, and all such others as 
now are, or hereafter shall be ad- 
mitted into the Communion of the 
said reformed protestant Dutch 
Church, in Our City of New yorke, 
shall be, from time to time, and 
at all times forever hereafter, a 
body corporate and politick, in fact 
and name, by the name of 


pleasure is, and of our special grace, 
certain knowledge, and mere mo- 
tion, WE HAVE ordained, consti- 
tuted, and. declared, and by these 
presents, for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, do ordain, constitute, and 
declare, that he the said right 
trusty and well beloved Right Rev- 
erend Father in God, Henry, Lord 
Bishop of London, and his suc- 
cessors, and all such of our loving 
subjects as now are, or hereafter 
shall be admitted into the com- 
munion of the aforesafd Protestant 
Church of England, as now estab- 
lished by our laws, shall be from 
time to time, and forever hereafter, 
a body corporate and politic, in fact 
and name of 




Rights and Privileges of said 

V. Rights and Privileges of said 

1. Rights in Law. 

1. Rights in Law. 

And that by the same name they 
and their successours shall and may 
have perpetual Succession and shall 
and may be persons able and capa- 
ble in the Law to sue and be sued, 
to plead and be impleaded, to an- 
swer and be answered unto, to de- 
fend and to be defended in all and 
singular suites, causes, quarrels, 
matters, accous and things of what 
kinde or nature soever; 

And that by the same name, they 
and their successors shall and may 
have perpetual succession. And 
shall and may be persons able and 
capable in the law to sue and be 
sued, to plead and be impleaded, to 
answer and be answered unto, to 
defend and be defended, in all and 
singular suits, causes, quarrels, 
matters, actions, and things of 
what kind or nature soever; 


Ecclesiastical Records 



2, Rights in Property and. Income. 2. Rights in Property and Income. 

And alsoe to have, take, i>ossess. 
acquire, and purchase lands, tene- 
ments, or hereditaments, or any 
goods or chattells, and the same at 
least, grant, demise, aliene, bar- 
gaine, sell and dispose of at their 
own will and pleasure as other 
Hedge poeple or any corporacon or 
body politic within Our Realme of 
England, or this, Our Province, may 
lawfully do over and above the 
rents, lands. Tenements, messuges, 
Mannours and hereditaments 
hereby settled on the said Corpo- 
racon and. their Successours, 

not exceeding the yearly value of 
two hundred pounds, current money 
of Our said Province; 

And also to have, take, possess, 
receive, acquire, and purchase 
lands, tenements, hereditaments, or 
any goods or chatties, and the same 
to use, lease, grant demise, alien, 
bargain, sell, and dispose of at their 
own will and pleasure, as other our 
liege people, or any corporation, or 
body politic within our realm of 
England, or this our province, may 

lawfully do, not exceeding the 
yearly value of five thousand 
pounds; the statute of Mortmaine, 
or any other statute, law, custom, 
or usage to the contrary hereof in 
any ways notwithstanding; 

3. Duties of said Rector; Right to 
a Parsonage. 

And that the said Rector shall have the care 
of the souls of the inhabitants within the said 
parish, and in the communion of our said protes- 
tant Church of England, and now established by 
our laws; and have and enjoy to him and his suc- 
cessors forever, one messuage or tenement, and 
appurtenance, intended to be erected on part of 
the said church-yard, or near thereunto as con- 
veniently as can be procured. 

4. How Rectors are to be appointed. 
The Right vested in the Church- 
Wardens and Vestrymen. How 
to be inducted into office. 

And our royal will and pleasure is further, that 
the patronage, advowson, donation, or presenta- 
tation of and to the said rectory and parish, after 
the decease of the said first rector, or the next 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 1147 


avoidance thereof, shall appertain and belong to, 
and be hereby vested in the church-wardens and 
vestrymen, together with either of the church- 
wardens of Trinity Ohurch for the time being; 
and that all the succeeding rectors of the said 
parish and parish church (except the first rector 
thereof hereby constituted) shall be presented, 
collated, instituted, and inducted as other rectors, 
parsons, and vicars respectively are accustomed, 
to be. 

The Rector shall have the same 
perquisites as the Rector of St. 
Mary Bow, London. 


■■ And we further declare it to be our royal will 

and pleasure, that the first rector, and all the suc- 

' , • ■ ceeding rectors tliereof, shall and may have, talie, 

and enjoy, such and the Tike oblations, mortu- 

■ - , ' aries. Easter-books, or offerings, and other eccle- 

i "' ': siastical duties arising within the said parish of 

■ ' ' Trinity Church, as the vicar, rector or parson of 

St. Mary Bow. within our city of London, in our 

■ • realm of England, now enjoyeth; and shall have 

such and the like profits of burials in the said 
church as the same shall be limited in the instru- 
ment of dedication thereof. 

3. Right of the Dutch Corporation 0. Right of the English Corporation 
to a Seal. to a Seal. 

And further, that they, the said And we further declare, that the 
Minister, Elders and Deacons, and said rector of the parish of Trinity 
their Successours, shall and may Church, in communion of our Pro- 
forever hereafter, have a common testant Church of England, within 
seale to serve and use for all mat- our city of New York, as now es- 
ers, causes, things and affairs what- tablished by our laws, shall and 
soever, of them and their Sue- may, for ever hereafter, have a 
cessours, and the same seale to common seal, to serve and use for 
talter, change, break, and make all matters, causes, things, and af- 
new, from time to time, at their fairs whatsoever, of them and their 
will and pleasure, as they shall successors; and the same seal to 
think fltt; alter, change, break, and make new 

from time to time, at their will and 
pleasure, as they shall think fit. 


Ecclesiastical Recotjds 




VI. Regulations for the said Corpo- VI. Regulations for the said Corpo- 
ration, ration. 

1. Number of Elders and Deacons; 
to be chosen from the members 
of said Church; their duties. 

1. Number of Church- Wardens and 
Vestrymen; to be chosen from 
the members; their duties. 

And further Wee will and or- 
daine, and by these presents, for 
us, Our Heirs and Successors, doe 
declare and appoint that for the bet- 
ter ordering and manageing the 
affairs and businesse of the said 
corporacon and Suecessours, there 
shall be four Elders and four Dea- 
cons, from time to time constituted, 
elected and chosen out of the mem- 
bers of the said Dutch Church in- 
habiting in Our said City of New 
yorke, for the time being, in sucli 
manner and forme as is hereafter 
in these presents expressed; which 
persons, together with the Minister 
for the time being, shall apply 
themselves to take care for the best 
dysposing and ordering the generall 
businesse and affairs of and con- 
cerning the lands and heredita- 
ments herein menooned to be 
granted and of all others that shall 
be acquired as aforesaid. 

2. Naming of the First Minister, 
Elders and Deacons; and term 
of office of the two latter. 
And for the better execution of 
Our Royal pleasure herein. Wee do 
for us. Our heirs and Suecessours, 
assigne, name, constitute and ap- 
point the aforesaid Mr. Henricus 
Selyns, to be the first and present 
Minister of the said Church and 
the aforesaid Nicholas Bayard, 
Stephen Cortlandt, William Beeck- 

Aud further we will and ordain,, 
and by these presents do declare 
and appoint, that for the better or- 
dering and managing of the affairs 
and business of the said corpora- 
tion, there shall be annually, and 
once in every year forever, on the 
Tuesday in Easter week, two 
church-wardens and twenty vestry- 
men, duly elected by the majority 
of votes of the inhabitants of the 
said parish, in communion as afore- 
said; which church-wardens and 
vestrymen shall be, from time to 
time, subject to our laws and stat- 
utes now in force, or hereafter to 
be made, for the choice of church- 
wardens, overseers of the poor, and 
such other like parish officers, and 
other parochial duties within the 
said parish, in like manner as the 
inhabitants of any parish within 
our province are or might be sub- 
ject and liable unto (except where 
it shall be otherwise hereby ap- 

2. Naming of the tirst Church- War- 
dens and the First Vestrymen; 
and their term of office. 
And we do by these presents con- 
stitute and appoint Thomas Wen- 
ham and Robert Lurting the first 
church-wardens of the said parish; 
and Caleb Heathcote, William Mer- 
rett, John Tuder, James Emott, 
William Mon-is, Thomas Clarke,. 
Ebenezer Willson, Samuel Burt, 
James Evetts, Nathaniel Marston, 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 



man and Joannes Kerbyle, to be 
the first and present Elders of the 
said Church, and Joannes De Pey- 
ster, Jacobus Kipp, Isaac De For- 
eest and Isaac De Reymer, to be 
the first and present Deacons of 
the said, Clmrcli, 

wliich Elders and Deacons are to 
continue in the said severall offices 
respectively, until the second Sun- 
day of November, now next ensu- 
ing; (1696.) 


Michael Hawden, John Crooke, Wil- 
liam Sharpas, Lawrence Reade, 
David Jamison, William Huddles- 
ton, Gabriell Ludlow, Thomas Bur- 
roughs. John Merrett, and William 
Janeway, the first Vestrymen of the 
said parish; to have, hold, and exe- 
cute their said respective offices 

till the feast of Easter, which 
shall bo in the year of our Lord 
one tliousand six hundred and 
ninety eight. 

3. The Church-Wardens shall have 
the same perquisites as the 
Church- Wardens of St. Mary 
Bow, London. 

And the said Church- Wardens shall have and 
receive such and the like church duties and per- 
quisites as the Church-AYardens of the said par- 
ish of St. Mary Bow do. may. might, or ought to 
receive; and shall be accountable for the same, 
and all other monies as shall come to them as 
Churchwardens, in such manner as Church- 
Wardens of any other parishes within our city 
of London are or ought to be. 


3. How meetings of Elders and 
Deacons are to be called; Elec- 
tions of Successours: Filling of 

And further. Wee will, and by 
these presents for us, our Heirs and 
Successours, do ordaine and grant 
to the Minister of the said Church 
for the time being, or in his ab- 
sence by sickness or otherwise the 
first Elder for the time being shall 
and may from time to tiiue. iipon 
all occasions, give order for the as- 
sembling or calling together the 
said Elders and Deacons to consult 
and advise of the businesse and af- 
fairs of the said Church; 

and further. Our will and pleas- 

4. Number and Quorum of Church- 
Wardens and Vesti-ymen. Their 
powers like those of St. MaiT 
Bow, London. Filling of Vacan- 

And we further declare it to be 
our royal will and pleasure, that 
the rector, church-wardens, and 
vestrymen, shall make the number 
of the whole to be twenty three 
persons; and the said vestrymen, 
or any eleven or more of them 
(whereof the rector for the time 
being, or his assistant, or clerk by 
appointment, and one of the church- 
wardens, to be two) shall and may 
have and exercise the like power 
and authority for the ordering and 
regulating the affairs of the said 


Ecclesiastical Recoeds 




ure is, and Wee doe hereby foi* Us, 
Our Heirs and Successours, estab- 
lish, that yearly, once in the year, 
forever hereafter, on the third 
Thursday of October, at the said 
Church, the Elders and Deacons of 
the said Church, by and with the 
consent and approbacon of the 
members of the said Church for the 
time being, shall nominate and ap- 
point such of their Members of the 
said Church that shall succeed in 
the office of Elders and Deacons 
for tlie year ensuing, 

And if it shall happen that any 
of the said Elders and Deacons so 
elected, nominated, and appointed 
as aforesaid, shall dye or be re- 
moved, before the said yearly day 
of Eleccon, that then, and in every 
such case it shall and may be law- 
full for the Members of the said 
Church to proceed, in manner afore- 
said, to a new Eleccon of one or more of their 
members in the room or place of such office dying 
or removed, according to their discrecon; 

corporation and parish of Trinity 
Church, as the vestry of the said 
parish of St. Mary Bow now have 
and exercise, in reference to parish 

And upon the death or other void- 
ance of any such vestrymen, they, 
or any eleven or more of them, 
shall, and may elect a fit person, 
inhabitant and householder in the 
said parish, to supply the same. 

, 5. Conditions of the sale of Pews. 

And we further ordain and declare, that the 
church-wardens for the time being, shall not, at 
any time, dispose of any of the pews, or places 
in pews in the said Church, to any person not an 
inhabitant thereof, nor without the consent and 
allowance of the vestrjauen for the time being, 
or any eleven or more of them. 

4. How Ministers are to be ap- 6. How an Assistant Eector, is to 

pointed. The right vested in the 
Elders and Deacons. How to be 
inducted into office. Their sal- 
ary. Demise of property. 

be appointed. The right vested 
in the Rector, with the consent 
of the Vestrymen and Church- 
Wardens. — Clerk — Sexton 
Terms of service. 

And further, our will and pleas- 
ure is, and wee do for us. Our 

And our further will and pleasure 
is, and we by these presents dd- 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 



Heirs and Snccessonrs, declare and 
grant, tliat the patronage, advow- 
son, donation or presentation of and 
to tlie said Cliurch after ttie deeeast^ 
of the said first Minister or next 
avoidance thereof shall appertaine 
and belong to and be hereby vested 
in the Elders and Deacons of the 
said reformed protestant Dutch 
Church and their Successours for- 

Provided always that all the suc- 
ceeding Ministers that shall T)e by 
them presented, collated, instituted 
and inducted into the said Church, 
shall bear true faith and allegiance 
unto us. Our Heirs and Success- 
ours, anything contained herein to 
the contrary hereof in any wayes 

And that the first Minister and 
all the succeeding ministers thereof 
shall and may have, take and enjoy 
such and all the lilie stipends, con- 
tribucons, offerings, free and vol- 
untary gifts and other ecclesiastical 
dutyes, ariseing or used and accus- 
tomed to rise, from the members 
of the said Church; 

And Our further will and pleas- 
ure is, and we do hereby declare 
that it shall and may be lawful 
for the said Minister, Elders, and 
Deacons of the said reformed pro- 
testant Dutch Church in Our City 
of New yorlie, aforesaid, and their 
Successours, to gi-ant and demise 
such of the premises or any part or 
parcell thereof (as are now in lease), 
at the expiration or other sooner 
determination of such lease, for the 
term of fifteene years, upon a rea- 
sonable improved yearly rent; with- 
out taking any fine for the same. 


Clare, that the rector of the said 
parish for the time being, shall and 
may, by and with the consent of 
the said vestrymen and church- 
wardens for the time being, or any 
eleven or more of them, whereof 
one of the church-wardens to be 
one, from time to time, nominate 
one able Protestant minister, in 
priests' orders, to reside in the said 
parish, to be preacher and assist- 
ant to the said rector and his suc- 
cessors, in the celebration of the 
divine offices of praying and preach- 
ing, and other duties incident to be 
performed in the said Church and 
parish, as the said rector shall re- 
quire of him; 

and likewise to nominate a fit per- 
son to be clerk of the said parish, 
and one or more sexton or sextons; 
to which clerk or sextons, respect- 
ively, there shall be such and the 
like dues, fees, perquisites, and 
profits, paid and allowed, as shall 
be established by the said rector, 
chiu'ch-wardens, and vestrymen, 
in manner aforesaid; 

which said preacher assistant, 
clerk, and sexton or sextons, and 
every of them, shall continue in his 
said place during his or their nat- 
xu"al lives, if they shall so long in- 
habit there; except on some offence 
or misgovernment liy them, or any 
of them, committed, and unless for 
cause reasonable proved, they shall 
be displaced by the said rector for 
the time being, by and witli the con- 
sent of the said vestrymen, or any 
eleven or mere of them. 


1152 Ecclesiastical Recoeds