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(All documents arranged under the heads of the respective governors, and in 
chronological order.) 

1701-1800. PAGE. 

Conversion of the Indians 1443 


Anderson's Account of the Indian Mission in New York . . . 1443 


Chaplaincy of the Fort 1444 


Reform Dutch Church of Nev/ York. List of Ministers, Elders 
and Deacons 1444-1449 


Catholic Church in New York 1449-1452 

Early Ministers of the church of England, in New York. 

1702-1723 1452 


French Church in New York. Petition of P. Villeponteaux. . 1453 


An account of the Present condition of the Protestants in the 
Palatinate 1453-1459 

Feb. 21, 24, 26 New Poor-house built by the Dutch Church of New 

York 1460-1462 

March 17 Burials and Poor-house in New York 1462 

April 1 Classis of Amsterdam to Church of New York, and to Lord 

Bellomont 1463 

15 Town of Jamaica lays a tax to build a Presbyterian Church. 

Note on Church of Jamaica 1463, 1464 

May G, 10 Rev. John Lydius vs. Peter Bogardus, concerning a certain 

piece of land 1465, 1466 

10, 13 Missions to the Mohawks 1466 

June 2,24 The Onondagas — Catholics vs. Protestant Missionaries. 1466-1468 

16 Extract from Charter of the English Society for Propagating 

the Gospel in Foreign Parts 1468 

July 1,31 Property of Dutch Church of Albany confu-med 1469 

18 Classis of Amsterdam to the Dutch Ministers in New York. 
Rev. B. Freeman and Church of Schenectady, N. Y. The ir- 
regularity to the call 1469-1471 


iv Table of Contents. 

1701. PAGE. 

July 18 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. P. Nucella — Rev. Lydius of 

Albany — Rev. Freeman of Schenectady 1471-1473 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Lydius. Lord Bellomont. 

Rev. Freeman and Schenectady 1472, 1473 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Albany. Revs. 

Lydius and Freeman 1474, 1475 

26-Aug. 6 Synod of North Holland at Hoorn. Extracts from 
letters from New York, Albany, Kingston, Rev. Lydius. 

Aug. 30 Attempt to start an Anglican Church at Kingston, N. Y. 

Rev. Mr. Haburn, (Hepburn.) 1478 

Sept. 5 and Oct. 3 Coetus of Suriname. Letters from Suriname. 

1479, 1480 

8 Church of New York. Baptisms. Church Membership. Sal- 

aries. Church Masters 1480, 1481 

9 Commission of Gov. Combury: Extract as to eccleciastical 

matters 1481 

Oct. 3 Petition of Quakers as to their right to vote, without taking 

oath 1481, 1482 

28 Church of New York. Salaries. Brandt Sc-huyler vs. Nicho- 
las Roosevelt. Death of Domine Selyns 1482-1485 

Nov. 11 Enlargement of Dutch Church of Albany 1485 

Dee. 30 Petition of Protestants of New York to William III. as to 

their loyalty during the Leisler troubles 1485, 1488 

Aug. — • Petition from Eastchester for reduction of Church rates. 
Rev. Mr. Bai'tow. Church of Eastchester, and Rev. Mr. 
Morgan willing to conform 1486, 1487 


Gift of Church of New York to Church of Schenectady 1487 

Jan. 29 Secret Instructions to Gov. Cornbury: As to Oaths; as to 

Religion 1487, 1488 

April 7 Election of Church Wardens and Vestrymen for Trinity 

Church, New York 1488 


May 3, 1702-1708. 
May 3 Arrival of Combury. Trinity Church, New York. Address 

to Cornbury 1489, 1490 

24 Dutch Church permits the "Arms " of Leisler and Milbourne 

to remain in Church, and their bodies to be undisturbed. . . . 1490 

Table of Contents. v 

1702. PAGE. 

June 9 Eev. Mr. Vesey to the Governor of Virginia. Eevs. Mr. Mott 
and Bresack. Notes on Dr. Bray and Rev. George Keith. 

Rev. Mr. Bartow 1491, 1492 

23 Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. Queen Anne pro- 
claimed in New York 1492 1493 

29 French Church of Xew Rochelle. Rev. Bondet petitions for 

salary. Report. Granted 1493, 1494 

July 15, Aug. 17 Mohawk missions. Cornbury's Proposals.... 1495, 149G 

Aug. 6 Trinity Church and the Kings Farm 1496 

Sept. 24 Cornbury appointed also Governor of New Jersey 1496, 1497 

27 Cornbury to Lords of Trade. Complaints against Bellomont, 
for superseding Englishmen by Dutchmen. Great epidemic. 
Appeal for pardon of Bayard and Hutchins, who were 

Elders in the Dutch Church 1497-1499 

Oct. 2 Cornbury's reasons for suspending Weaver and Atwood. Note 

on Atwood. Prosecution of the English Clergj'nien. . 1499, 1500 
Address of Inhabitants of different parts of the Province 

to Cornbuiy 1500, 1501 

15 Church of New York. Choice of Elders 1502 

20 Cornbury recommends Schools, and a Chaplain 1502 

15, 20, 21, 22, 23. Petition of Elders of Kings County, Long Island 
in reference to their calling Domine Freeman of Schenec- 
tady; with orders, etc. Refused 1503-1507 

Nov. 7 Conventus at Suriname 1507 

— Convention of Anglican churches in New Yoi-k. Desire for a 
Suffragan. Re\^ Mr. Keith. Rev. Mr. Vesey. Rev. John 

Talbot 1 1507-1509 

12 Church of Kinderhook. (Rev.) Paulus Van Vleck 1509 

20, 25 Cornbuiy advised not to press his " Secret Instructions 
as to Teachers too far." Amendment adopted to his 
" Instructions "' 1509-1511 

27 Act for the encouragement of a Free Grammar School in 

the city of New York 1511 

Act for better maintenance of the Poor of the city of New 
York 1511, 1512 

29 Rev. George Keith to Society for Propagating the Gospel. 

Trinity Chinch. Rev. Mr. Vesey. Quakers at Flushing. . . 1512 

30 Certificate in favor of Paul Van Vleck 1512, 1513 

Dec. — Rev. Mr. Peiret's petition for pension. Granted 1513 

12 Cornbru-y, on Act of Parliament to remove Leisler's Attainder 
Suggests an explanation of the Act, so as not to justify 

rebellion 1513, 1514 


Conversion of the Indians. Six missionaries needed 1514 

Jan. 7 Church of New York — Poor-house — Church Masters — 

Charter-right to appoint a schoolmaster 1514, 1515 

26 Eastchester not to be a distinct parish 1515 

28 and Feb. 3 Prosecution of Mr. Talman and Justice Whitehead 

for sceptical remarks, etc 1515. 1516 

yi Table of Contents. 

1703. PAGE. 

Feb. 19 Trinity Cliurcli — ■ The Queens Farm — Anneke Jans — First 

reference to a College 1516-1518 

25 Ministry Act to be enforced. Vestrymen of Jamaica sum- 
moned before the Governor 1518 

March 12 Gift of P. J. Marius to Dutch Church of Xew York. Valen- 
tine's note on Marius 1518, 1519 

30 Trinity Church. Redemption money for slaves in Sally. 

Instrumental Music 1519. 1520 

31 Gift of Church of New York to Ab. Rutan 1520 

April 2 Mohawk Missions 1520, 1521 

20 Queen prohibits presents to Governors from the Civil 

Assembly or others 1521 

27 Enlarging the French Church in New York 1521 

May 1 School at Albany — Evert Ridder, teacher 1522 

4 Freeinan's Call to Long Island, May 4, 1703, compared with 
call of Sept. 21, 1705. (See document of April 22, 1706). 

20 Amendment of Ministry Act proposed. (See June 19", 

1703) 1526 

29 Petition of the Dutch Church of Schenectady against the 

Call of Kings County for Domine Freeman — Ask for pay for 

Freeman for teaching the Indians 1527 

Cornbury to Lords of Trade — Thanksgiving for military 

successes 1527 

June 19 Act to allow French Church to enlarge their building.. 1528, 1529 
Act reversing the Judgments against Bayard and Hutchins, 

Elders of the Dutch Church 1529 

Act for the better establishment of the maintenance 
of the minister of the city of New York — Trinity Church 

— The Ministiy Act — £160 to be raised — Fines 1529-1531 

July 12 Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — Allusions to Ecclesiasti- 
cal matters 1531 

27 Charges against Rev. Mr. Hubbard 1531 

Aug. — Mohawk Missions 1532 

2 Rev. Mr. Freeman to Gerardus Beekman, respecting his call 

to Long Island 1532-1537 

Rev. Mr. Freeman to Rev. Joseph Hegeman about his call to 

Long Island 1537-1539 

Rev. Mr. Freeman to the Consistories of Long Island, about 

their call to him 1539-1543 

Presents to Governors — Bayard and Hutchins 1543 

Presents to Governors — Oaths of Abjuration, etc 1544 

Churches of Kings County to Classis of Amsterdam — Want 
a minister — 'Freeman unwilling to join the Classis of 

Amsterdam 1544-1548 

18 Robt. Livingstone to the Lords of Trade, on Mohawk mis- 
sions. Six missionaries needed 1549 

30 Rev. John Lydius petitions for salary for instructing In- 
dians 1549, 1550 







Table of Contents. vii 

1703. PAGE. 
Dec. 30 Trinity Church. Rev. George Keith. Voluntary contribu- 
tions in Trinity Church. Plate and Fumitur6 1550 


Madam Knight's description of things in Xew York, 1704. 

The churches 1550, 1551 

Cornbury's account of the various Churches in Xew York. 
Trinity Church. Ministry Act. Eedemption-money for 
slaves. Queen's Farm. French Church. Schools. Dutch 
Churches. Church of Jamaica, and other churches on Long 
Island. Churches in Suffolk Co. and Westchester Co. 

Staten Island. Ulster Co. Albany 1551-1554 

Early Episcopal Services in Nevf York and Long Island. 
Establishment of a Latin free school. Fees for clerk and 

sexton in Trinity Church. Burial fees 1554, 1555 

Feb. 1, 3 John Chamberlayn to Lords of Trade. Mohawk missions. 

Secretary's answer. Note on Eev. Thoroughgood Moore. . 1555- 

April 15 The Anglican Church on Long Island. Rev. Jas. Honeyman 

to the Society for Propogating the Gospel 1557, 1558 

May 23 Church of England. Xew Incorporation bill proposed for 

Trinity Church. (See June 27, 1704 and Nov. 20. 1705) . . . 1558 
31 Dutch Church of New York. Meetings of Consistory. . 1558, 1559 
June-Nov. Trinity Church, New York City. Elias Neau's effort to form 
a German Ministerial Society. Extension of the Church. 

Printing the Prayer Book 1559, 1560 

June 2 Classis receives a letter from New York to send a minister 

to Long Island 1560 

26 Chui'ch of Kingston to Classis of Amsterdam. Rev. Nucella 

leaves Kingston for London. Kingston wants another min- 
ister. Churches of Albany and New York approve the re- 
quest. Note on Dutch Cliapel in London 1560-1563 

27 Re-incorporation of Trinity Church. (See May 23, 1704 and 

Nov. 20, 1705) 1563-1566 

30 Cornbury to Lords of Trade. Bellomont's Administration. 

Reasons for Xew Charter to Trinity Church 1566-1569 

July 4 Cornbury's seizure of the Presbyterian parsonage at Jamaica. 
Rev. Mr. Hubbard ejected. Rev. Wm. Urquhart put in pos- 
session of it. Order to the Church Wardens 1570, 1571 

5 Rev. G. Du Bois to Rev. John de Rooy, about Kingston's 

Call 1571 

14 Henricus Beys asks to be examined for ordination. Called 

to Long Island 1572 

18 Trinity Church asks for gift of the funds raised for redemp- 
tion of Captives in Barbary. (See Aug. 14, 1704) .. . 1572, 1573 
29-Aug. 7 Synod of North Holland. Extracts from letter from 

Brooklyn. Death of Lupardus 1573, 1574 

Aug. 1 Sabbath Observance at Albany 1574 

10 Cornbury authorizes Stephen Gracherie to read the Dutch 

service at Kingston 1574 

viii Table of Contents. 

1704. PAGE. 

Aug. 14 Report favorable, to give Trinity Cliurcli certain Redemption 

money. (See July 18, 1704) 1575 

24, 28 Anglican Church on Long Island. Tax to be laid on the peo- 
ple to pay Rev. Mr. Urquhart 1575, 1576 

30 Secretary Clark to the Gentleman at Esopus 1576 

Sept. 1, Oct. 6. Call of Antonides to Brooklyn and of Beys to King- 
ston. Albany wants a minister. Rev. Nucella called to 
London 1577 

Oct. 6 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Du Bois — References to 
Revs. Beys and Antonides and their calls — ■ Professor 

Roel — Dutch victories over France 1577, 1578 

Classis of Amsterdam to the churches of Kings County, Long 
Island — Revs. Lupardus and Freeman — Rev. Antonides 

called to Long Island — The war with France 1579-1581 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Kingston — • Revs. 

Nucella and Lydius — Rev. Beys called for Kingston. 1581, 1582 
Rev. John Sharp appointed Chaplain in place of Rev. Ed- 
mund Mott, deceased 1583 

Nov. 2 Rev. Freeman to Commissioners of Indian Affairs 1583 

Order to induct Rev. Pritchard into the Church of Rye 1584 

Jan. 10-March 19 Dutch Church of New York — Church Masters. 1584, 1585 

31 Church Wardens of Jamaica to be fined for refusing to levy 

tax to support Rev. Urquhart 1585 

May 4 Examination and Ordination of Rev. Heniy Beys for Kings- 
ton 1586 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to Church of Kingston — Rev. Beys 

called 1586, 1587 

8 Affidavits as to opposition to Anglican Church in West- 
chester County — Rev. Pritchard — Rev. John Jones. 1587, 1588 
18 Deputies of Classis report on Revs. Antonides and Beys — 

Their instructions before sailing for America 1588, 1589 

June 9 Combury suggests an Amendment to ]SIinistry Act 1589 

July 4 Revs. Urquhart and Thomas to the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel — Opposition to Anglican Church in Queens 
County — Rev. Mr. Evans 1589, 1590 

5 Amendments to Ministry Act proposed — The " Queen's 
Farm " and " Queen's Garden " to be given to Trinity 
Church 1590 

15 Cornbury to Secretary Hedges — Historical Review — 
Products — ■ Governors — ■ Trinity Church — Assemblies — 
Population, English, Dutch and French — New Jersey — 
Population — Episcopal Cliurch at Burlington — Surrender 
of the New Jersey Proprietors to the Crown 1591-1593 

28- Aug. 6 Synod of North Holland — Extracts fiofti letter 

from Kingston 1594 

Aug. 4 Text of Amendment to Ministry Act — Fines for its non- 
execution — Payments to be in money — Upon death of 
incumbents new ministers to be called 1595, 1596 

Table of Contents. ix 

1705. PAGE. 

Aug. 4 An Act annulling Proceedings against Col. Nicholas Bay- 
ard and John Hutchins for treason, in 1701 — Confiscations 

annulled 1596 

Sept. 21 Call of Rev. Freeman to Church of New Utrecht. (See 1703, 

May 4.) 1596 

Oct. 18 Dutch Church of New York — Ministers to have only one 

vote 1596, 1597 

Nov. 23 Patent to Trinity Church of the Queen's Farm and Queen's 
Garden — Recapitulation of the New Incorporation of 
Trinity Church, June 27, 1704. (See also May 23, 1704.) 

1597, 1598 

20 Cornbury to Lords of Trade • — References to Amendment to 

Ministry Act, an Act in favor of Bayard and Hutchins, 

1599, 1600 
Cornbuiy to the Lords of Trade — Supplementary Act to 
Ministry Bill — Bayard and Hutchins 1600 

21 Declaration of the Elector, John William, of the Palatinate 

— Freedom of religion for all. (See 1707) 1600-1606 

22 Cornbury to Secretaiy Hedges — The Quakers in New Jer- 

sey 1608 

Dec. 26 Cornbury licenses Freeman to preach in Kings County, Long 

Island 1607 


Petition of Rev. Freeman's Elders to compel Rev. Antonides 
to deliver up the Church Books, etc. — Order Jan. 3, 1706, 
for deliverance of Books, etc., to Domine Freeman — Church 

of Flatbush 1608 


Trinity Church, New York — Catechists — Mr. Club — Mr. 

Neau 1609 


The Anglican Church — Col. Heathcote to the Secretary of 
the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 

I Good character of the English Clergy — Rev. Urquhart at 
Jamaica; Rev. Thomas at Hempstead; Rev. MacKensie on 
Staten Island; Rev. Bartow in Westchester; Rev. Bondet 
and Rev. Morgan — Parishes of Eastchester, Rye and West- 
chester — Dissenting Ministers — Necessity of a Suffragan- 
bishop — Rev. Muirson — Rev. Pritchard — Rev. Brooks in 
the Jerseys — Boston Colony — Presbyterians and Inde- 
pendents in Connecticut — Colleges in Connecticut and 
Boston — Dissenting Ministers, Denham, Woodbridge, 
Bowers, Jones — How to gain Connecticut to Anglican 

II Rev. Moor's mission — Rev. Talbot. 

III Missionaries to the Indians — Rev. Dellius. 

IV Mr. Neau, catechist — Revs. Vesey, Cleator, Bondet, Bar- 
tow, Muirson — New Rochelle ^ — Prayer-Books and Cate- 
chisms 1609-1615 

X Table of Contents. 

1706. PAGE. 

Jan. 1-May 28 Journal of Domine Beys — Insulting treatment by 
Cornbury — Demand that Beys should take out a license 
to preach — Rights of the Dutch Church — Refusal to ask 
for a license — Regularity of his call — Legal counsel 
employed — Cornbury obstinate — Beys removes to Kings- 
ton — An English minister there — Schoolmaster licensed — 
Beys performs the rite of baptism — The Council reqviested 
to interfere — Draft of a license proposed — Governor 
pleads his '' Instructions." — Tries to avoid showing them 
— • Other excuses — • Persistence of the Council — Pretended 
charges disproved. (See letter of Beys to the Classis, of 
May 28, 1706, which was sent over attached to this Journal. 
Also several other letters and documents, such as those of 

April 8, April 22, May 23, May 24, 1706) 1615-1619 

Rev. Francis G-oodhue, Presbyterian, licensed by Cornbury... 1620 

12 Money for Rev. Vincentius Antonides — Note on Vol. xix... 1620 

14 Rev. Antonides petitions Cornbury to be allowed to serve 

the churches of Kings County (on accovmt of Freeman 

having obtained a license) 1620, 1621 

28 Churches of Kings County — Antonides' elders j'l'opose to 
support both Antonides and Freeman, for the sake of 

peace 1622 

Feb. 14 Protest by certain members of Flatbush Church against 

Domine Freeman's New Consistory 1623-1625 

15 Protest by Rev. Antonides and his Consistory against 

Domine Freeman's New Consistory 1625-1630 

16 Cornbury stops the ordination of Freeman's New Consistory. 1630 
19 Consistory of New York issue a Circular Letter about their 

part in the Call of Freeman to Long Island 1631-1635 

April 4 Cornbury licenses Rev. George Muirson to baptize in Connec- 
ticut 1635 

8 Church of Kingston gives Domine Beys power of Attorney, to 
act in reference to the usurpations of Gov. Cornbury re- 
quiring all ministers to get a license from him — Review of 
Cornbury's conduct 1635-1638 

13 Allusion to the old Lutheran Church at Albany 16.39 

22 Historical account of the difficulties in the churches of Kings 

Co., L. I., after the death of Rev. Lupardus in 1701 — 
Domine Freeman — Gov. Cornbury. (See the two calls of 

Freeman under date of May 4, 1703) 1639-1645 

May 23 The churches of Kingston, New York, and of Kings Co., L. I., 
to the Classis of Amsterdam, respecting the aiTival of 
Domines Antonides and Beys and Cornbury's oppressions 

— Rev. Fi-eeman 1646-1657 

24 Paper on the state of the Dutch Church in New York — Re- 
view — The Dutch Surrender — Freedom of conscience given 
them — Clergymen of Church of England — Mutual Courte- 
sies — Cornbury illegally requires all ministers to take out 

Table of Contents. xi 

1706. • ■ "' PAGE. 

a license from him — Request for interposition by the Gov- 
ernment of Holland to Government of England, and that 

Cornbury shall be restrained in his illegalities 1057-1602 

May 28 Classis of Amsterdam — Correspondence from America. 1603-1666 

29 Church of New York — On rescinding resolutions 1606 

June 10 Church of New York to Classis of Amsterdam — Cornbury 
at last, obliged to yield and permit Beys to officiate — 
Classis urged to prosecute the case in England, according 

to letter of May 24, 1706 1667, 1668 

July in Indian Affairs considered by the Classis 1668 

Oct. 3 Cornbury to Lords of Trade — Inventory of effects of Rev. 

Edmund Mott, late chaplain 1668, 1669 

14 Corabuiy to Lords of Trade — His own account of his treat- 
ment of Rev. Francis Makemie and Rev. John Hampton — • 
Note on Makemie — Meeting of first Presbytery, 1706 — 
Notes on early Presbyterianism in New York, 1706-1741 — 

Smiths account 1609-1073 

21 An Act to encourage the baptizing of Negro, Indian and 

Mulatto slaves 1673 



Trinity Church, New York — The Queen's Garden.... 1073, 1674 

An Imeprial Account of the Causes of the Innovations 
and Grievances about Religion in the Palatinate. (See 
Nov. 21, 1705) 1674-1679 

Jan. 8 Legal opinion of Ab. Governeur on Cornbury's attempts to 

control Dutch Churches — Adverse to Governor 1079, 1680 

Jan. 11 Rev. John Godefrid Dailly (D'Ailly, Dellius?) Letter from 

New York received by Classis 1680, 1681 

April 4 May 9, 16, and June 6. Classis receives letter in which An- 
tonides complains against Freeman — Committee to report 
— Additional letters from New York — Political aspect of 
the case 1681, 1682 

June 28 Col. Robert Quary to the Lords ol' Trade. About the de- 
mands of the Quakers 1682-1684 

July_ 29 Representation to the Queen in regard to several Acts of 
New York — in reference to land grants. (Favorable 
to Rev. Dellius.) 1684-1688 

Aug. 7 Dutch Church of New York. On the baptism of illegiti- 
mate children 1689 

21 Trinity Church. Brady and Tates new version of the Psalms 

to be used 1689 

Sept. 5, Oct. 3 Suriname and New York. (Report expected from 

Pensionaiy Buys on Rights of Dutch Chui-ch) 1689 

Dec. 1 Anglican Church in Westchester and on Long Island. Rev. 
Mr. Bartov,'. Rev. Mr. Hobbart (Hubbard). Gov. Corn- 

xii Table of Conte]nt:s. 

1707. PAGE. 

bury forbids Eev. Mr. Hobbart using the church building 

at Jamaica. Eev. Mr. Urquhart 1690 

Dec. 1 Observations of Bishop of London regarding a Suffragan for 

America 1690, 1691 

Jan. 2, 28-May 27, 1711, Jan. 26 Records of the Board of Trade. 

Items relating to the Palatines 1691-1695 

9 Anglican Church built at Rye. Rev. George Muirson. Salary 
unpaid. Instruction of Negroes and Indians. Mr. Neau. 
Hope for a good Governor, if Corubuiy is recalled. Dis- 
senters 1695 -1697 

10 Classis receives a letter from Antonides on the Church diffi- 
culties on Long Island 1697, 1698 

26 Trinity Church loans money to build a Church in Connecti- 
cut 1698 

Feb. 10 Petition of French Protestants to Gov. Conibury against cer- 
tain slanders as to their loyalty to England 1698, 1699 

April 2 New York 1699 

? Letter from Domine Du Bois of New York read in Classis. 

Refers to Cornbuiy's insolence to Domines Beis and 
Antonides. Du Bois's Compendium of Doctrine. Governor 

would not allow another Dutch Schoolmaster 1699, 1700 

13 Letter received in Classis from John Godfrey Dailly from the 

Cape of Good Hope. Answer of Classis 1700-1702 

j^,iay 7 New York and Suriname 1702 

10 Order of Council (England) for naturalizing and sending 
over certain Palatines to New York, under Rev. Joshua 
Kocherthal. Request that the Act of vacating Fletcher's 
extravagant grants, passed in New York, March 2, 1699, 
be now confirmed, in order to give land to these Pala- 
tines . 1702, 1703 

June 2 Trinity Church to the Bishop of London concerning their 
Patent for the Queen's Farm and Garden, and the Action 
of the Assembly thereon. Repeal of certain Acts. Fears 

respecting their title 1703-1705 

22 Second petition of Rev. Joshua Kocherthal. Mr. Boyle to 

the Lords of Trade 1705, 1706 

29 Board of Trade to Mv. Boyle in reference to Rev. Kocherthal's 

petition 1706, 1707 

28 Board of Trade to Lord Lovelace about vacating land grants. 1707 
July 1 Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. Reasons of Emigra- 
tion from Long Island to New Jersey 1707, 1708 

7, 13 Petition of Rev. Joshua Kocherthal to the Queen. Report 

on Rev. Kocherthal's petition 1708, 1709 

20 Additional Instructions to Gov. Lovelace, in reference to the 

vacating of Fletcher's land grants 1709 

Sept. 18 An Act to suppress immorality 1710 

Table of Contents. xiii 



Oct. 30 An Act for preventing Conspiracy of Slaves 1710 

Characteiizations of Gov. Cornbury, by Lewis Morris and 

others 1711 

Dec. 18 Lord Lovelace to the Board of Trade 1712 


1708, Dec. 18 — May, 1709. 

Jan. 8 Indian Affairs 1713 

21 Petition of Domine Antonides' Elders. Review of the troubles 
on Long Island. Ask for their rights. Action thereon, 

Jan. 27. Committee appointed 1713, 1714 

Feb. 3 Petition of Freeman's Elders, and Order thereon 1714, 1715 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Freeman. Review of his con- 

duct from first to last; questions legality of his call to 
Long Island; condemns his seeking a civil license; exhorted 
to live in peace with Antonides 1715, 1716 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. Du Bois. Classis will try 
to defend the rights of the Dutch Churches; but the ani- 
mosities there are a great obstacle 1716, 1717 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Antonides. Grief over the 
divisions. Freedom of the Dutch Church in danger; but 
reconciliation of the parties would help. Concessions de- 
manded on both sides. Classis has no power in a foreign 

dominion 1718 1720 

March 4 Lord Lovelace to the Board of Trade. Palatines 1720, 1721 

5 Proposals of Freeman's friends for peace. Proposals on the 

part of Rev. Antonides' friends 1721-1723 

30 Church. About certain letters received from Amster- 
dam 1723, 1724 

Feb. 5, 1711 Extracts from Journal of the House of Commons con- 

ceraing the Palatines 1724-1732 

April 2 Deputies report that their letters to New York had been 

captured by the enemies. New letters sent 1733 

May 3, 5 Sunderland to the Board of Trade. The Palatines 1733, 1734 

6 Classis receives letters from Revs. Freeman, Antonides and 

Du Bois. Classis rebukes their shai-pness of expression . . 1734 


May, 1709 — April, 1710. 
May 12 Memorial of Lutheran Ministers about the Palatines.. 1735-1737 
15 Earl of Sunderland to Lords of Trade about the Palatines. . 1738 
18, 20 Indian Affairs at Albany 1738 

xiv Table of Contents. 

1709. PAGE. 
May 20 and June 3 Extracts from Journal of Society for Propagat- 
ing the Gospel. A German minister to be sought, to serve 
the poor Palatines ^vho are to be sent to some of the 
Plantations. Bishop of London proposes to await the ac- 
tion of Government 1738, 1739 

20 Letter of Mr. Chamberlain with Account what 'has been 

done for the Palatines 1739-1742 

26, June 18, 21 Rumors that certain Palatines turn Pietists. 
Petition of Piev. Joshua Kocherthal for food. Commit- 
tee to report. Rumors are true. To be supplied . . 1742, 1743 
30 Anglican Church at Harlem. Rev. Henrieus Beys has con- 
formed 1743 

Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. The Palatines 1744 

June 1 Letter of Mr. Chamberlayne on the Palatines 1745-1748 

10,11 Number of arrivals of Palatines in England 1748, 1749 

23 ]Memorial of Mr. Tribbeko, about tke Palatines 1749, 1750 

Rev. Bondet and French Church of New Rochelle offer to 

conform 1750, 1751 

13 Col. Hea,thcote to the Society for Px'opagating the Gospel, 
upon the offer of New Rochelle to conform. Revs. Sharp, 

Bartow and Bondet 1751 

16 Pamphlet on the Palatines. Their numbers and occupations. 
Expense to the country. Order collection of charity in 
their behalf. Large amount collected. Oppositions 
thereto. Complaints. Friends of these charities charged 

with being enemies of the kingdom 1752-1755 

21 Consistoi-ies of Kings County, Long Island, to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, on tiie troubles there. Antonides vindi- 
cated; Freeman condemned. Civil complications. Efforts 

for peace 1755-1760 

Revs. Du Bois and Antonides refuse to ordain Paulus Van 

Vleck as Chaplain for Dutch troops going to Canada. 1760, 1761 
28 Rev. Freeman to certain members of the Classis of Amster- 
dam. His side of the difHculties on Long Island .... 1702-1767 
Col. Nicholson and Col. Vetch to the Ijords of Trade. 

Quakers 1767, 1768 

Summer? The Vestiy of Trinity Church to the Archbishop of Canter- 
May? buiy. Variety of inhabitants. Condition of Trinity 
Church building. Col. Fletchers benefactions. Bellomont 
said to be opposed. Cornbuiy restores its prosperity. 

Amount needed to put it in good condition 1768 

July 5 Lt. Gov. Ingoldsby to Lords of Trade. Opposes the appro- 
priation of Quit-rents to Trinity Church 1768. 1769 

8 Revs. Antonides and Du Bois to Classis of Amsterdam. Ac- 
count of the efforts of the (Civil) Assembly to induce 

them to ordain Van Vleck, and their refusal 1769-1773 

18 History of the Palatine Refugees, lately arrived in England. 
Answer to objections to receiving them; their advantage 

Table of Contents. xv 

1709. PAGE, 

to Britain. Their deplorable conditions, and reasons there- 
for. Description of the countiy from which they came. 
Their numbers. How they have been subsisted since their 
arrival. How they may be made useful to the kingdom, 
and of advantage to themselves. Names of the Trustees 

of the charities collected for them ir74-1794 

July 22 Classis read a letter from New York, complaining of no let- 
ters received; and referring to case of Rev. Beis. .. . 1794, 1795 
July 30-Aug. 8 Synod of North Holland at Edam. No reference to 

America 1795 

x\ug. 19 Commission of Rev, Christopher Bridge to be minister at 

Rye 1795 

30 Report of Board of Trade on the Palatines, Many of them 

to be settled in New York, Conditions necessary, , 1796, 1797 
Sept. 2 Letters from the Indies read in Classis. New York and 

Suriname 1797 

8 Further petition of Antonides' Elders against the iiTegu- 
larities of Domine Freeman; and Order thereon. Report 

must be made 1797, 1798 

— Petition of Freeman's Elders 1798 

15 Majority Report in Council, on difficulties in Kings County. 

(See Oct. 6) 1799 

19 Dutch Church of Jamaica petitions Lieut. Gov. Ingoldsby 

against Antonides and in favor of Freeman 1799 

23 Petition of the Germans at Quassiack Creek, near Newburgh, 

and Thanskamir for assistance 1800 

24 Petition against Domine Antonides for confirming Elders; 

and Affidavit 1800, 1801 

26 Act to confirm certain lands to Trinity Church ISOl 

Petition of Rev. Kocherthal. Desires to go to London to seek 

help from the Queen for the Palatines 1801, 1802 

Oct. — Church of New York. Old Poor-house sold 1802 

6 Minority Report on the difficulties in Kings County. (See 

Sept. 15) 1802, 1803 

7 Classis receives letters from Revs. Lydius, Du Bois, Antonides; 

from Surinam and New York. Kingston wants a min- 
ister 1803, 180 1 

10 Another petition in behalf of the Germans by J. C. Codweis; 
to borrow money for the Palatines in New York, upon the 
pledge of the Governor. Granted 1804, 1805 

20 Disposition of the Majority and Minority Reports on the 

difficulties in Kings County 1805 

22 Antonides' Consistory petition the Governor to endorse the 

legality of Antonides' ministry 1806 

27 Freeman's Consistory petition for a decision 1806 

The Governor's Decision on the difficulties in Kings County. 1807 

30 Rev. Bertow to the Society, Death of Rev, Urquhart 1807 

xvi Table of Contents. 

1709. PAGE. 

Nov. 9 Commission of Rev. Daniel Bondett to be minister of the 
French Church, Xew Rochelle, Bondett having received 
Episcopal orders 1808 

10 Sunderland to President of Council of New York. The Pala- 

tines 1808 

11 Rev. Antonides notifies the Governor that he carmot accept 

his decision, being contrary to the Constitution of the 

Dutch Church 1808, 1809 

24 The New York Anglican Missionaries to the Bishop of Lon- 
don, in behalf of ministers' "i^ddows 1809 

Dec. 2 Rev. Mr. Vesey to Col. Riggs. Queen's Fai-m. Trinity 

Church. His salary 1810, 1811 

Society for Propagating the Gospel to seek out a German 

Minister for the Palatines of New York 1811 

5 Board of Trade reports that there are Tracts of Land in New 

York where more Palatines could settle 1811, 1812 

Palatines' Petition to retain Mr. Haegar's services 1813 

Covenant for the Palatines' Residence and Employment in 

New York 1814-1816 

13 Rev. Mr. Laborei, of New York, petitions for twenty pounds 

salary 1816 

16, 30 Society for Propagating the Gospel recommends John Fred- 
eric Haegar for German Minister to New York. Ordained 

for said field 1816, 1817 

The Palatine Catechism: or a true description of their camps 

at Black Heath and Camberwell 1817-1820 


The state of the Palatines for Fifty Years past to this Pres- 
ent Time. An account of the Palatinate and the destruc- 
tive French War. The case of the Palatines, published by 
themselves, and sent to the Tradesmen of England. Peti- 
tion of the Justices of Middlesex in their behalf, Avith her 
Majesty's answer. A Letter about Settling and Employing 
them in other Countries. A Proclamation of the States- 
General for Naturalizing all Strangers. Their present 
Camps at Black Heath and Camberwell, England; their 
support; and the kindness their Ancestors showed the 

English in the times of Queen Mary 1820-1832 


Extracts from the Journal of The House of Commons con- 
cerning the Palatines. Vol. XVI 1832-1841 

Jan. 11 Earl of Sunderland. Approval of Covenant of Dec. 5, 1709.. 1841 
19 Classis of Amsterdam. New York and Kingston. Pastors 

to be sought for ' 1841 

Feb. 8-15 Rev. Antonides petitions to know the result of his paper of 
Nov. 1709. Governor refuses to hear anything more on the 
subject 1842 

Table of Conteio^. xvii 

1710. PAGE. 

Feb. 22 Dutch Church of Albany asks for the ownership of Graveyard. 

Granted 1842 

March 3 Classis calls Rev. Peter Vas for Kingston, and ordains him. 
Expenses taken out of the fund of nine hundred guilders 
for legal expenses (May 23, 1706) to protect the liberties 

of the churches 1842, 1843 

27 Consistory of Albany to the Classis of Amsterdam. Death of 

Lydius. Desire another minister 1843, 1844 

April 7 Deputies of Classis press the business of protecting the liber- 
ties of the Dutch Church. Letters from New York, read.. 1845 

11, 13, 19, 20 Samuel Clowes to the President of the Council. Re- 

port on the forcible re-seizure, by the Presbyterians, of 
their Church taken from them by Cornbury. Dissenters 
charged with riot, and to be arrested 1845, 1846 

12, 17, 18 Rev. Antonides petitions the Council for confirmation 

of Report declaring him legal minister in Kings County. 
Other petitions in his behalf. Favorable Report.... 1846-1848 
27 Petition in behalf of Freeman. Order thereon. Antonides 

sustained but Freeman permitted to preach in two places . . 1848 
May 5 Deputies of Classis read letters from New York. Rev. Vas. 

The fund for legal expenses 1849 

10 Indenture of Servitude of a yoimg woman at Albany, by per- 
mission of the Deacons of the Dutch Church 1849, 1850 

19,23 The arrested rioters (so-called), Geo. Woolse, etc., at Ja- 
maica protest their innocence. Fines remitted. Memorial 
from Jamaica as to their history and rights, and seizure 

of their property 1850, 1851 

June Quarrel between Filkin and Beekman about Council's Order 

in reference to Domine Freeman 1851, 1852 

2 The Classis borrows money from the legal fund to pay Domine 
Vas's expenses to America. Kingston was to refund. New 

York. Case of Rev. Beys 1852, 1853 

12 Further petition of Antonides and Elders against Freeman, 

and Order thereon 1854 

13, 16, 17 Second Immigi-ation of Palatines, and arrangements 

for their welfare 1854, 1855 

16 Col. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. The Palatines 1855 

July 5 Col. Quary to Mr. Pulteney. The Palatines 1855 

14 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Du Bois, Lydius, Antonides, 
etc. Revs. Beys, Vas. Kingston. Expenses. Church liber- 
ties 1856-1858 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Freeman. Review of his case. 

His irreg-ularities 1859, 1860 

Acts of Classis. Revs. Beys and Lydius. Letter from Albany. 1860 


24 Col. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. The Palatines 1861 

25 Rev. J. F. Haegar to the Secretary of the Society for Propa- 

gating the Gospel 1861-1864 

xviii Table of Contents. 

1710. PAGE, 

July 29-Aug. 8 Synod of North Holland, at Alkmaar. Eevs. Vas 

and Lydius 1864 

Aug. 2, 8 License to erect a church in New Rochelle 1864 

Sept. 1 Rev. Beys. Church of Albany 1865 

13 Jews ask exemption from all civil and military duties. Note. 1865 

15 Governor Hunter allows both Antonides and Freeman to 

preach 1866 

20 Rev. Thomas Barclay to the Society. State of the Anglican 
Church in Albany. His efforts with the Dutch. English 
school. Revs. Lydius and Du Bois. The Indians. Rev. 

Freeman 1866-1868 

Oct. 5 Rev. Poyer to the Society. The Dissenters. Need of Prayer 

Books 1868 

6 Deputies report on the case of Rev. Beys. Pleased with the 
conduct of Kingston Church toward him. Classis suspended 
him, because he entered the Episcopal Church while under 

trial. Summary of Report 1808-1870 

17 Induction of Rev. Christopher Bridge over Church of Rye. .. 1870 
20 Society for Propagating the Gospel. Ari-ival of Rev. John 

Frederick Haegar in New York 1871 

27 Rev. Poyer, Anglican minister, sues Church Wardens of 

Jamaica for his salary. Court found for defendants with 
cost 1871 

28 Rev. John F. Haegar to the Society for Propagating the Gos- 

pel 1871, 1872 

Nov. 13 Contract with Robt. Livingstone to victual the Palatines at 

Germantown, N. Y 1872, 1873 

27 Further order on disputes in Kings County. Antonides sus- 
tained. The parties urged to come to an agreement.. 1873, 1874 
Dec. 3 Rev. John Thomas to the Society. Peace at Hempstead. 
Rev. Poyer. Dissenters at Jamaica hold the parsonage, 
but not the church. Dissenters claim the Ministry Act in 

their favor 1874, 1875 

8 Church of Albany 1875 

Jan. 9 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistoiy of Albany. Death 

of Lydiu^s. Will seek new pastor for them 1875, 1876 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Kingston. Con- 
ference about Rev. Beys. Beys has become an Episcopalian. 1876 
13 Deputati are considering case of New Albany; also case of 

Rev. Beys and Church of Kingston 1877 

18 Palatine School-house at Queensbury. Rev. J. F. Haegar... 1877 
March 27 Mr. Cast to Gov. Hunter. Palatines on Livingston lands. 

Contentment and Expeetions. Rev. Kocherthal . . . . 1877, 1878 

April 11 Bill to naturalize Foreign Protestants 1878 

13 Case of New York. Moneys advanced by Classis 1878, 1879 

30 Difficulties in Flatbush Church. Revs. Freeman and An- 
tonides 1879 

Table of Contents. xix 

1711. PAGE. 

May 3 Rev. Poyer to Society for Propagating the Gospel. Increase 
of his church at Jamaica. Quakers. Rev. Urquhart. 
Rights of the (Episcopal) Church. Money from Ministry 

Act goes to an Independent, Rev. Geo. Macnesh 1879-1880 

4 Letters to be sent to New Netherland 1880 

18 Letters from Rev. Haegar to Society for Propagating the 
Gospel, received. Condition of his Palatine church. Ger- 
man Prayer-Books to be sent 1880 

27 Rev. Peter Vas to Classis of Amsterdam. Reception at 

Esopus. Expenses of his voyage 1881, 1882 

June 1 Churches of New Netherland 1882 

3 Church of New York. Rule for loaning money. Communion 

Table to be fenced 1883 

13 Messrs. Robinson and Reynolds to Society for Propagating 
the Gospel. Extract from Cotton Mather's letter. Many 
towns have no minister; seven such in Jersey. Jamaica 
has 100 families, with church and pastor. Ten families 
seize their church and parsonage. Society for Propagating 

the Gospel should not encourage such things 1883 

July 20 Letters from New Netherland. Classis desire details and 

payment of moneys advanced 1884 

Rev. Boehm writes to Society for Propagating Gospel, ask- 
ing for a minister for Palatines in Carolina 1884 

Synod of North Holland. Rev. Peter Van Driessen had been 

sent to Albany 1884 

Aug. 1-Sept. Consistory of Kings Co., petition for a Charter. Prop- 
erties described. Wish Charter like that of Church of 
New York. Sept. 13. Inglebert Lott enters a Caveat 

against it. See Sept. 28 1885, 1888 

15 Rev. J. F. Haeger to Society for Propagating Gospel. Lives 
in the woods. Palatine services under the open sky. Going 
with 300 Palatines to war with Canada. Indian baptized. 

Small vocabulary of Indian words 1886 

Sept. 28 Report on Caveat against Charter for Dutch Church of Kings 

County. Lott had no authority; Caveat frivolous 1887 

30 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Antonides and Du Bois. Ef- 
forts to preserve the liberties of the American Dutch 
churches. Grieved at contentions in them. Importance of 
a colleague to Du Bois. Desires repayment of moneys ad- 
vanced 1887-1889 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Freeman. His call to Long 
Island, not legal. Antonides compelled to get a civil li- 
cense in self-defence. His efforts for ordination of Van 

Vleck 1889, 1890 

Oct. 5 Case of Kingston 1891 

23 Council Journal. Governor has contracted for two forts in 

Indian countiy, with Chapels 1891 

Nov. 11 Petition for Charter for Church of New Rochelle. Rev. 

Bondet and his church had confonned 1891 

XX Table of Contents. 

1711. PAGE. 

Nov. 13 Memorial of the Clergy, respecting Rev. Mr. Poyer and 
church of Jamaica, to the Bishop of London. Review. 
Variety of Religions. Townships set apart land for 
churches. Parsonage built by general tax. Ministers in- 
vited. Dissenting minister, Rev. C. Prudden called. 
Church built by Churchmen and Dissenters. Act to re- 
pair churches. Ministry Act. Rev. Mr. Vesey. Rev. 
Patrick Gordon. Rev. Mr. Urquhart. Rev. Mr. Hubbard 
ordered to vacate parsonage. Act of 1705. Independents 
claim church property at Jamaica, and take possession of 
it. Slight fines. Rev. Mr. Poyer kept out of the Parson- 
age. Church Wardens and Vestrymen, (all dissenters) call 
Rev. Mr. Hubbard, a dissenter; but Cornbury inducted 
Rev. Mr. Urquhart. Another dissenter. Rev. Geo. Macnesh, 
called by the Vestiymen. Governor gives Rev. Poyer pos- 
session. Vestrymen refuse to pay salary to Poyer, but 
pay Macnesh. Magistrates, Wardens and Vestrymen, all 
dissenters. Suit of Rev. Poyer goes against him with costs. 
(See Jan. 30, 1712) 1892-189G 

29 Society for Propagating the Gospel, receives letter of Aug. 

15, from Rev. J. F. Haegar 1896 

Dec. 13 Church of New York. Church books. Accounts to be kept, 

not in guilders, but in pounds, shillings and pence 1897 

22 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Vas. Account of ex- 
penses owing by him to Classis 1897, 1898 


John Conrad Weiser. The Palatines 1898 

Jan. 1 Col. Morris to Society for Propagating the Gospel. Rev. 
Mr. Poyer and church of Jamaica. Brief review of the 

circumstances 1899 

5 Col. Heathcote to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Disturbances at Jamaica. Reasons why Rev. Mr. Poyer 
did not sue. Gov. Hunter offers to put in magistrates 

friendly to the church 1899, 1900 

26 Gov. Hunter to Rev. Mr. Poyer. Complains that he has not 
accepted of his offers to help him in a suit. Requests him 
to answer, whether the Wardens and Vestrymen are legal; 
whether they have laid a tax for the minister's salary; 
whether the justices have done this, if others failed; have 
they been informed against for failure; or, if the tax has 
been laid, have the constables collected it, and paid it over; 
and have you received any part of it? 1900, 1901 

30 Rev. Mr. Poyer 's answer to Gov. Hunter: Has made com- 

plaints. Could not begin a suit without advice from the 
Society in England. Refers the Governor to the books of 
\ the civil officials 1901 

Table of Contents. xxi 

1712. PAGE. 

Jan. 30 Col. Heathcote to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Reference to Memorial of Clergy of Nov. 13, 1711, laying 
the blame of the sad conditions at Jamaica on Col. Hunter. 
Col. Hunter deceived, in removing certain officers. The 
clergy should have laid their case first before the Governor; 
and if no relief, then to have carried the case to England. 
Offers of help to Mr. Poyer. Rev. Poyer was at once in- 
ducted; but Rev. Urquhai-fs widow surrendered the par- 
sonage to the dissenters. The Chief Justice advised the 
Governor that he could not dispossess the dissenters ex- 
cept by due course of law. Governor offered to pay ex- 
penses if Poyer would prosecute, but he continued to de- 
lay any prosecution 1902, 19C3 

Feb. 4 Col. Heathcote to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Difficulties between Antonides and Freeman had led many 

to attend Rev. Poyer's services 1903 

8, 27 Church of New York. Rules to govern the Church Masters 

in sales of seats to men and women 1903-1905 

11 Col. Heathcote to Society for Propagating Gospel. It was 
said that the Church of Jamaica dared not go to law for 
the parsonage because of change of officers. This not so. 

Only good men should be appointed 1905-1906 

20 Col. Morris to John Chamberlayne, Esq. Requested to send 
account of Rev. Mr. Morris' affairs. Elias Neau's account 
of him. Moore said to be on parole (but not so), and to 
have fled to New England, on his way to England. Feared 
unjust imprisonment in New York. Col. Hunter's case. 
Representations made against him. Unable to find out 
what they were. Was a good friend of the church. Gave 
Queen's Farm to Trinity Church during his term. Church 
pretended to have a right to Queen's Farm from Gov. 
Fletcher; but this right vacated. Gov. Hunter would not 
join Vesey in a new Representation for said Farm. Ac- 
cused of being no churchman. Permitted church to be 
built at New Rochelle. Repaired the Queens Chapel in the 

' . Fort. This opposed by Vesey, and a certain Missionary, 

Henderson 1906-1909 

Col. Morris to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Clergy had arraigned the Governor's conduct respecting 
Jamaica and Rev. Poyer. The dissenters had asked for a 
Ministry Act, to raise money for a church. Governor 
Fletcher took advantage of this, to do something for the 
Church of England. Ministry Act formulated accordingly; 
but indefinite. Jamaica church built by means of it, and 
a dissenting minister paid. Some dissenters displeased, 
and joined Church of England, and such a church started 
at Jamaica. Cornbury dispossessed the dissenters of their 

xxii Table of Contents, 

1712. PAGE. 

church and parsonage, and gave them to Rev. Urquhart. 
His daughter man-ied a dissenting minister, and thus tlie 
dissenters regained the parsonage. Change in the magis- 
tracy in favor of dissenters. Rev. Foyer's complaints re- 
jected. Governor wishes to prosecute the magistrates. But 
all the Assembly which passed the " Ministry Act " except 
one, were dissenters; hence the law was meant for them. 
Answer: Legislature consists of Assembly, Governor and 
Council, and the latter two meant the Law for Church of 
England. Poyer does not prosecute; refers the matter to 
England, hoping the Governor may be recalled. The Act 
loosely worded; dissenters can claim the benefit. Dis- 
senters, by far the most numerous. Church of England 
will not make converts by taking many by force; in better 
condition in Jersey and Pennsylvania, where there is no 
such Act. The Governor a true friend of the Church. 
The manner of writing that letter about the Governor. 
Observations of Col. JMori'is. Poyei*'s answer to the Gov- 
ernor not very respectful. Manner in which Vesey secured 
signatures to the paper against the Governor 1909-1912 

Feb. 25 Gov. Hunter, to Society for Propagating the Gospel. Gen- 
eral excellent character of the English missionaries. Yet 
subscriptions sought to a paper against the Governor. 
Declares his zeal for the Church. Reviews the case of 
Rev. Poyer, at Jamaica. Could not dispossess the dis- 
senter in the parsonage, except by legal process. Poyer 
complains of non-payment of salary. R.easons of the Mag- 
istrate for non-payment: (1) No money; (2) Had no or- 
ders from the Justices; (3) Rev. Poyer was not qualified 
according to the Act. The Governor requested Rev. Poyer 
to begin a suit. This not done. Poyer was then asked to 
suggest what should be done. Answer: had submitted the 
case to his superiors at home. True cause of the opposi- 
tion: Rev. Vesey had used the Governor ill; had persuaded 
Poyer that a trial at law, was dangerous; thus took away 
my opportunity to show my zeal for the church; then se- 
cretly circulated a paper, that I might be recalled, in dis- 
grace. Rev. Vesey was also offended at Hunter's repairing 
the Chapel in the Fort. Exposulations and anger. Bishop 
of London had urged the Governor to bear with Vesey's 
infirmities, Avhile the Bishop would admonish him. Com- 
plained, and said he adhered to his opinion still. Arrival 
of Missionary Henderson; calls the repairing the Chapel 
in the Fort, a schism; carries back the paper against 
Hunter. He had been sent to Dover, Pa.; remained a short 
time; supplied Rev. Talbot's place at Burlington, in Jersey; 

:, made trouble there; Rev. Talbot returned; Rev. Hender- 

Table of Contents. xxiii 

1712. PAGE. 

son dismissed, to return to England; carried back the 
Paper of Vesey. His scurrilous language against the 
Primate of England. Henderson also sued for defama- 
tion 1912-1915 

Feb. 25 Church of New York. Resolve to call another minister from 

Holland 1916 

27 Church of New York: Rules about approaching the Lord's 

Table 1916, 1917 

March 1 Governor Hunter to the Bishop of London. Encloses copy 
of his letter to the Society, of Feb. 25. The signers and 
the non-signers, of the Paper against the Governor, all 
join in the enclosed address to defeat the object of that 
paper. Character of the zeal of his opponents. Necessity 
of a Bishop in America. The clergy, mostly excellent 
men; but some are vicious. The Governor's characteriza- 
tion of Mr. Vesey. The Governor's own account of his 
conduct in church affairs. Had personally given Rev. 
Mr. Vesey £30. per year, during his governorship; had in- 
ducted Rev. Mr. Poyer in the church at Jamaica; had 
urged him to sue for his salary, at the Governor's expense; 
had completed the steeple of Trinity Church; had re- 
paired the chapel in the Fort; had finished the church at 
New Rochelle, and healed the breach there, and given 
them a Patent for the ground there; was collecting moneys 
for building churches at Eye, Piscataway, Elizabethtown. 
etc.; Avas building forts and chapels among the Indians; 
have assisted the indigent among the clergy ; — Hoped the 
Society would remedy the ills existing, and do him jus- 
tice 1917-1919 

2 Governor Hunter's speech to the Clergy, referred to in his 

letter of March 1, 1712. Has called them to ask their ad- 
vice how to promote the best interests of the church; to 
inform them about affairs at Jamaica; review of that 
case 1919, 1920 

3 The Clerg;v''s address to Gov. Hunter, apologizing for all the 

evil reports circulating against him; signed by all the 
clergy of the Church of England, in New York and New 

Jersey 1920 

A statement of the Church at Jamaica. The successive 

ministers. Church of England vs. Dissent 1921, 1922 

4 Dutch Church of New York to call a second minister 1922 

7 Rev. Mr. Poyer to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 

The meeting of the Clergy in New York. Apologizes to 

the Goveraor for certain disrespectful language 1922-1924 

Trinity Church, New York, thanks Queen Anne for Com- 
munion Set. Trinity Church under pi'osecution as to her 
right to the " Church Farm ". Importance of a Bishop 
in America 1924 

xxiv Table of Contents. 

1712. PAGE. 

March 17 Consistories of Rev. Freeman to Consistories of Rev. An- 

tonides, making overtures of peace 1924, 1925 

22 Rev. Freeman to the Classis of Amsterdam. Complains of 
letters to Rev. Classis, which have been perverted to his 

injury 1925, 1926 

April 2 Secretary Clark to Rev. Mr. Poyer 1926 

4 Rev. Mr. Poyer to Secretaiy Clark 1926, 1927 

Church of Kings County (per Rev. Freeman) to Classis of 

Amsterdam, about the Peace-Articles with Consistory of 
Rev. Antonides 1927, 1928 

5 Address of Grand Jury of Suffolk County to Governor 

Hunter 1928, 1929 

18 Consistories of Rev. Antonides to the Consistories of Rev. 

Freeman, in reference to Articles of Peace 1929-1931 

27 Reply of Consistories of Rev. Freeman to those of Rev. An- 
tonides 1931-1933 

May 1, 2 Petition of the Dutch Church of Kingston for a Charter, 

and Report on the same 1933, 1934 

4 Consistories of Antonides to those of Freeman 1935-1938 

8 Consistories of Freeman to those of Antonides 1938-1949 

14 Address of the English Clergy to Governor Hunter. Thanks 
the Governor for this opportunity of meeting, for his 
zeal against immorality; for his encouragement of Elias 
Neau, the eatechist; for his favor to Rev. Daniel Bondet, 
and the Church of Xew Rochelle, recently conformed; re- 
quests encouragement for Rev. Beys of Harlem; and 
thanks for the help rendered Rev. Mr. Barclay of Al- 
bany 1949, 1950 

June 2 Rev. Henderson's Account of State of Church of England 
in New York and New Jersey. Says the two Acts estab- 
lish Church of England. Six Churches. Dissenters have 
taken possession of Parsonage and Salary at Jamaica, and 
that by connivance of Governor Hunter. His charge of 
Magistrates. Four churches in New Jersey. Quakers and 
Dissenters there prevented passage of an establishing Act. 
Most of the Governor's Council are Churchmen. Col. Lewis 
Morris, a Professed Churchman, leader of the Dissenters. 
Helped to establish a Conventicle in New York. Co-oper- 
ated with Governor Hunter in turning out of the Coun- 
cil, churchmen, and putting in some dissenters. Rev. 
Woolsey, a dissenter, took church of Hopewell, built by 
churchmen. (See March 14. 1713) 1950, 1951 

17 Remarks on Rev. Henderson's Paper of June 2. Unpleasant- 
ness of answering misrepresentations of a clergyman. The 
language of the Acts themselves does not limit the salary 
except to a good, sufficient Protestant minister. Gov. 
Hunter favored Rev. Poyer for Jamaica, in preference to 
Rev. Macnesh. Rev. Henderson, a non-resident, could not 
know the Governor's motives for making changes in the 

Table of Contents. xxv 

1712. PAGE. 

Council. Gov. Hunter, not partial to dissenters. In Jer- 
sey, no law in behalf of any particular form of religion. 
Influence of Henderson, in behalf of the Church of Eng- 
land, detrimental. His description of Col. Moms contra- 
dicts his statement of his churehmanship. His statements 
about Morris favoring a Conventicle, etc., untrue, as also 
his statements about changes in the Council 1951-1953 

June 23 Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. Census of the counties 

of New York, 1703, 1712 1954 

July 2 Kev. B. Freeman to Eevs. Steenwinkel and Hollenbeck at 
Amsterdam. Explains the licenses obtained from Corn- 
bury; his call. Denies that he ordained Paul Van Vleck; 
says Scotch Presbytery of Philadelphia ordained him. 

The disputes in Kings County 1955-1958 

Rev. B. Freeman to Wm. Bancker. The disputes in Kings 

County 1958-1960 

12 Rev. John F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel. Letters received from the Society. His chaplaincy 
in the army going to Canada. Copies of German " Com- 
mon Prayers " not yet received. Thanks for £10. received. 
His missionary journeys. Baptisms. Number of communi- 
cants. Indian vocabulary 1960-1963 

31 Report on Application of Church of New Rochelle for a 

Charter. Granted 1963 

Aug. 26 The Society for Propagating the Gospel to the Queen. Ref- 
erence to the " Instructions " to the Governor. Effort to 
induct Mr. Poyer into church of Jamaica; kept out of the 
Parsonage by dissenters. Afraid to sue, lest the case should 
go against him. Cannot appeal, except the sum exceed 
£100. Dangerous to the Church of England. Request that 
appeals may be made, irrespective of amount, if causes re- 
late to the Church. (See Jan. 8, 1713) 1963, 1964 

Oct. 14 Bill for naturalizing ForeigTi Protestants, passed 1964 

29 Estate of Mrs. Selyns. Proposed bill to sell property, re- 
jected 1964, 1965 

31 Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. His fortune exhausted 
in subsisting the Palatines. Must sustain themselves dur- 
ing the winter. Palatines left for Schoharie. The Assem- 
bly demands the right of fixing salaries, and of keeping 
custody of the public money. Same men are returned to 
the Assembly. Fort and chapel built in the Mohawk 
country 1965-1967 

Nov. 1 Eev. John F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel. About 139 communicants at Queensbury (German- 
town) N. Y 1967, 1968 

14 Epv. Wm. Andrews, Missionaiy to the Mohawks. Meeting 
with the Commissioners and the Indians. Welcomed by 
the Indians 1968, 1969 

xxvi Table of Contents. 

1712. PAGE. 

Dec. 6 Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade. The Palatines on 

the Mohawk. The Missionary (Andrews) gone thither. 1969 

12 Rev. Mr. Henderson to the Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel. Returned to America. Jamaica case still waiting. . . 1970 
Jan. 8 The Queen grants petition about Appeals in Church cases. 

(See Aug. 26, 1712) 1971 

19 Meeting of Indian Commissioners. Rev. Mr. Barclay com- 
plains of Hendrick Hansen's misrepresentations.... 1972, 1973 

24 Bequest to the poor of the Dutch Church of Albany 1973 

28 The Consistories of Kings Co., to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

(See Abstract under date of April, 1713) 1973-1990 

Feb. 6 Order in Council allowing the Clergy (in America) the right 
of Appeal to the Governor and Council in certain (church) 

cases. (See Aug. 26, 1712, Jan. 8, 1713.) 1990, 1991 

March 5, 14 Clergy of New York and New Jersey to Rev. Jacob 
Henderson. Complaint of his misrepresentations in Eng- 
land. Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade, enclosing letter 

of clergj^ of March 5. (See June 2, 1712) 1991, 1992 

11 Church of New York. All the members, in a meeting of 
Great Consistory, to have an equal vote. Question about 

responsibility of all for salaiy 1992, 1993 

14 Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. Gov. had dissolved the 
Assembly. The Palatines. Chapel in the Mohawk coun- 
try 1993, 1994 

April ? Deputies of Classis. Abstract of Letter of Jan. 28, 1713, 

from Kings County. Case of Freeman and Antonides. 1994- 

1 Lords of Ti-ade to the Earl of Dartmouth. Independence 
of the New York Assembly; refuses to endorse action of 

the Council about Courts 1997, 1998 

30 Survey of land for Germans (Palatines) at Newburgh or 

Quaseck Creek 1998 

Lords of Trade to Gov. Hunter: No record of bap- 
tisms, births or burials ; necessity of divisions into parishes. 

Can ministers be supported? 1998 

May 1 Revs. Antonides and Vas. Refunding loans to Classis 1999 

8 Extracts from letters of July 15, 1712, March 21, 1713, May 

8, 1713 1999, 2000 

11 Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple. Recent dissolution 
of the Assembly. Same members re-elected. Palatines. 

Clergy in Pennsylvania 2000 

June 19 Classis receives package of letters from New York. An- 
tonides and Vas 2001 

July 6 Rev. John F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gospel. 

Famine among the Palatines. Appeal for help 2001, 20O2 

7 Consistory of Dutch Church at Albany send victuals to the 

Palatines of Schoharie 2002. 2003 

Table of Contents. xxvii 

1713. PAGE. 

July 8 Rev. John F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gospel. 
Reception of Liturgies in German. Census of Catechumens, 

of marriages, of christenings, of communicants 2003-2006 

10 Reports of letters received by Classis to be made later 2006 

18 Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade. The Assembly partially 

yields. The Palatines 2006, 2007 

24 Reports on letters to Classis postponed 2007 

Sept. 4 Classis of Amsterdam. Rev. Vas and expenses. Rev. Beys 
on his way to Curacoa. Directors of West India Co. to 
be notified of his suspension by Classis. Affairs of An- 

tonides and Freeman 2007, 2008 

Conference between Gov. Hunter and the Indians. Mis- 
sionaries to the Indians . 2008, 2009 

29 Order in Council on the Petition of Rev. Antonides 2009 

Oct. 2 Rev. Henricus Eoel received among the *' Commendati Classis.'" 
The Deputati of Classis had reported to the Comj^mny 
about I\.ev. Beys. Disputes between Antonides and Free- 
man 2009, 2010 

2, 9, 16 Society for Propagating the Gospel. Petition of Father 
of Rev. J. F. Haegar. Letters received from Rev. J. F. 
Haegar 2011 

Jan. 9 Disputes between Antonides and Freeman. Colleague for 

Rev. G. Du Bois. Debts of Revs. Vas and Antonides. 2011, 2012 

20 Rev. Poyer to Gov. Hunter. The Vestry at Jamaica refuse 

to allow Rev. Poyer to be present at their meeting. (See 
Feb. 14, 1720) 2012 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Peter Vas. Money accounts. 

Rev. Henry Beys has been relieved of his censure upon 

suitable acknowledgments 2013, 2014 

Address from Gov. Hunter's Friends to the Bishop of Lon- 
don against Rev. Mr. Vesey. Congratulations. Descrip- 
tion of the country and its many sects. Church in New 
York City and Rev. Mr. Vesey. Importance of this church, 
and of adherents to its rules. Review of the histoiy of the 
Province: English conquest; chaplain for the English 
soldiers; Dutch Church in the Fort; English service in the 
fort; Dutch Church built, 1693; incorporated, 1696; Min- 
istry Act, 1693, with Vestrymen and Church Wardens, 
elected by the Freeholders; Trinity Church, 1697, and Rev. 
Vesey; his education; sent as a dissenting minister by In- 
crease Mather, to Long Island; Gov. Fletcher's offers of 
inducements to Mr. Vesey; ordained in England; incorpo- 
ration of Trinity Church, with its own Church Vestry and 
Church Wardens; some undesirable men lately chosen 
among these; church much injured by this circumstance; 
harsh words, at an election, by Mr. Vesey; election of com- 
mon people; the much larger Dutch and French churches: 

xxyiii Table of Contents. 

1714. PAGE. 

subscribers called schismatics by Rev. Mr. Vesey; Fletch- 
er's rebuilding of the chapel in the fort; repaired by Gov. 
Hunter, and services renewed therein; but this called 
'■ schism " by Mr. Yesey ; request of the Bishop to decide 
whether they are schismatics, for this; Mr. Vesey 's con- 
duet very injurious to the church; do not wish to employ 
legal remedies; hope the Bishop will help to heal the diffi- 
culties 2014-2019 

Feb. 14 Gov. Hunter to Rev. Poyer. The Vestry meeting at Ja- 
maica, without the minister, is null and void. (See Jan. 

20, 1714) 2019 

12 Desecration of Trinity Chuich. Church broken open and 

robbed 2020 

15 Mr. Vesey's petition to the Council respecting the desecra- 

tion of Trinity Church 2020, 2021 

Address of the Minister and Consistory of the Dutch Church 
concerning the desecration of Trinity Church. Offers a re- 
ward of £15. for discovery of the perpetrators. Affidavit 
of the sexton. Other affidavits 2021-202^ 

16 Address of the French Church on the desecration of Trinity 

Church. Offers a reward of £10 2023 

17 Meeting of the Council on desecration of Trinity Church. 

Affidavits 2024, 2025 

19 Address of the Rector and Vestry of Trinity Church. Thanks 
the Dutcli and French churches for their offers of reward, 
and offers £30. additional to discover the offenders, with 
pardon to any who shall make known the others. . . 2025, 2026 

The Council to the Governor about the desecration of Trinity 

Church during his absence 2026, 2027 

March 3 Governor's Proclamation for the discovery of the offenders. 
Offers a reward of £55. for their discovery, and pardon to 
the offender if he makes known the others. Remarks on 
said Proclamation, condemning the Governor's phraseology 

and implications 2027, 2028 

14 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Antonides. The 
Liberty of the Dutch Church under English Rule. Tlie 
contentions on Long Island. Advice of Classis 2029-2032 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Freeman. Grieved that the 
Peace negotiations had failed. Another trial should be 
made. Remarks on the ordination of Van VIeck. Freeman 
should promise obedience to the Church Order 2033, 2034 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gualterus Du Bois. The 
troubles in Kings County. The suggestions of the Classis 
for peace 2035-2037 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Rev. Free- 
man. Regret at failure of Peace negotiations. Suggestions 
' i for peace 2037-2039 

Table of Contents. 


1714. TAGE. 

March 19 Acts of the Deputies of Classis. Abstract of Freeman's ac- 
count of his call to Long Island 2039, 2040 

April 3 Report that letter has been sent to Rev. G. Du Bois; that 

letters would be sent to Revs. Vas and Antonides . . 2040, 2041 
14 Queen Anne's Recognition and Instructions about the Queens 
Farm. The early leases. The Patent. The Prosecution 

of Trinity Church to be suspended 2041, 2042 

May 7 Rev. Beits (Beys) asked liberty to defend himself against 

charges '.'.. 2042, 2043 

8 Rev. Poyer to His difficulties with dissenters 

at Jamaica, and his correspondence with Gov. Hunter. 2043. 2044 
17 The Consistory at Schenectady to Wm. Bancker at Amster- 
dam, and Rev. Matthew Winter\vyck, of Alphen. Gives 
them authority to call a minister for them. Terms of call. 

19 Rev. Godfriedus Dellius petitions the New York Assembly for 

payments still due him for certain services 2047 

23 Rev. Peter Vas to Classis of Amsterdam. Money accounts. 
Cautions against Rev. Henricus Beys. Continued liberty of 

the Dutch Church uncertain 2048-2050 

June 4 The case of Pvcv. Beys 2050 

14 Bill in Council for support of Government, and payment of 

certain debts incurred by the Governor. Palatine debts. 2050 


17 Petition of the Germans (Palatines) at Quassiack Creek, for 

better land 2051, 2052 

18 Petition for Rebuilding the Dutch Church of Albany 2052 

Rev. William Vesey's Visit to England 2052, 2053 

Rev. Samuel Wyles of Boston, to Society for Propagating 

Gospel ; commending Rev. Mr. Vesey 2053, 2054 

30 Dutch Church of New York. Deacons' funds 2054, 2055 

July 2 Case of Rev. Beys. His defence. Sorry that he had gone 
over to the Episcopal Church. Asks to be relieved from 
censure in reference to his leaving the Dutch Church ir- 
regularly; to be relieved from the necessity of replying to 
the Kingston Church; requests to be still acknowledged 
as a Dutch Reformed minister ; apologizes for having inter- 
mitted his preaching for a considerable time at Kingston: 
petitions that gentleness may be shown him: he asserts 
his innocence in reference to certain criminal charges. 
Further confessions. (See July 23, 1714) 2055-2059 

19 Rev. J. F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gospel. His 

itinerant life. His endeavors to locate them together. His 
need of Liturgies in German. Instructions from the So- 
ciety awaited. Bills of Exchange. Statistics 2059-2063 

23 Case of Rev. Henricus Beyts. (Beys). Restored to full min- 
isterial functions 2063 

Rev. Vincentius Antonides to Classis of Amsterdam, Final 
settlement of his accounts with the Classis, Antonides 

XXX Table of Contents. 

1714. PAGE. 

proposes successful arrangements for peace. Former peace 
negotiations. Necessity of a consolidation of the two Con- 
sistories 20G4-2067 

July 26 Rev. Vincentius Antonides to Rev. John Van der Hagen. 

Money accounts 2067, 2068 

Aug. 4 Dutch Church of New York. Rules about seats in the 

church, and transaction of ecclesiactical business 2069 

16, 21-Sept. 14 Dutch Church of Albany; Confirmation of some 

land 2069 

Sept. — Conference between Governor Hunter and the Indians 2070 

Oct. 7 Petition of Rev. Thomas Barclay and others for land for an 

Episcopal Church in Albany. Granted 2070, 2071 

8 Rev. Henricus Beys appointed to Curacoa 2071, 2072 

Nov. 2 Rev. Mr. Poyer to Society for Propagating the Gospel. Ac- 
count of his voyage over in 1709. His labors at Jamaica. 
Never yet received any money from the receipts of the 
Ministry Act. In debt. Rev. Mr. Vesey, then in London, 
will give further information 2072-2074 

14 Rev. Thomas Barclay, and Episcopal Church at Albany 2074 

19, Dec. 14 Journal of Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

Letter from Rev. J. F. Haegar — Copies of the German 
translation of the " Common Prayer " submitted to the 
Bishop for his approval 2074-2076 

Jan. 4, 11 Dutch Church of New York — Call of a Colleague for Rev. 
Gualterus Du Bois — New members of Consistory, before 
ordination, shall always sign the call — Blank call for- 
warded to certain ministers in Classis of Amsterdam. 2076-2081 
8 Deputati report that the directions concerning call of Rev. H. 

Beys were faithfully carried out 2(^2 

15 The debts of Revs. Antonides and Vas to Classis 2082 

Feb. 11 Revs. Antonides and Freeman to Rev. Classis of Amstei-dam 

— Good news of Peace established in Kings County — 
Details of the Plan — Raritan and Staten Island desire 
ministers — Poverty of the churches — Society in England 
supports weak Episcopal churches 2083-2086 

March 3 Episcopal Church at Albany 2087 

17 New Commission by Geoi-ge I, to Robt. Hunter, to be Gov- 
ernor of New York, after death of Queen Anne — Gov- 
ernor's Relation to the churches 2087 

April 1 Rev. Gualterus Du Bois to Classis of Amsterdam — Long 
Island — Colleague for Du Bois — Peace on Long Island — 
Call for Colleague, sent to certain ministers, instead of to 
the Classis — Dispute in New York Church settled — Ef- 
forts should now be made to secure the liberties of the 
Dutch Churches, with accession of the House of Hanover, 

8 Episcopal Church at Albany 2091, 2092 

Table of Contents. xxxi 

1715-1805. PAGE. 

April 8 Tiiiid Dutch Building at Albany — Ancient customs ins aid 

Church 2092, 2093 

May 19 Rev. J. F. Haegar to Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
Palatines gradually conforming to Church of England — 
Need of German " Common Prayer " Books — Thi'ee dif- 
ferent settlements — Statistics 2093, 2094 

June 1 Dutch Church of New York 2094 

July 5 An Act for Naturalizing all Protestants of Foreign birth .... 2094 
22 Classis receives letters from Antonides and Freeman about 
" Peace " on Long Island; also a letter from Du Bois about 

a colleague for himself 2095 

Churches in Livingston Manor, N. Y. — Livingston has the 

right of patronage 2095, 2096 

Aug. 15 Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — Extract about 

Rev. Mr. Vesey as Commissary to the Bishop of London. . 2096 
18 Lords of Trade to Gov. Himter — Missionaries to the Indians 

vs. French Priests and Jesuits 2096 

Sept. 14 Dutch Church of Albany 2096, 2097 

29 Gov. Hunter to the Lords of Trade — Rev. Mr. Vesey — 

Death of Dr. Samuel Staats 2097 

Oct. 7 Rev. Henry Eoel received as " Commendatus hujus Classis ". . 2097 
Journal of Society for Propagation of Gospel — Letter from 

Rev. J. F. Haegar read, of May 19 2097, 2098 

8 Petition of J. F. Haegar and others to erect a church at 

Kingsberry, Dutchess Co., N. Y. (East Camp) 2098 

11 Rev. Peter Van Driessen and others, were naturalized upon 

taking the necessary oaths 2099 

18 Gov. Himter to the Earl of Stair — Church-chapel among the 

Mohawks, costing £500 2099, 2100 

20, 21 Dutch Church of New York — Choice of Elders and Deacons 
— Rule as to loaning money — List of Church Masters, 

1715-1767 2100, 2101 

24 Rev. J. F. Haegar to the Society for Propagating the Gospel. . 2102 
Nov. 15 Secretary Clark, of New York, to Secretary Popple — Com- 
plains that Rev. Mr. Vesey has been made Commissary to 

the Bishop of London 2102, 2103 

16 Dutch Church at Albany 2103 

18 Lords of Trade to Secretary Stanhope — Indian Missions — 

Chapel in Mohawk country 2104 

Dec. 16 Rev. Henricus Boel called to New York — Approved by the 

Classis of Amsterdam — His ordination 2104, 2105 

21 Church of Albany 2105 


Feb. 25 Col. Heathcote to the Bishop of Bristol on the withholding of 

Rev. Vesey's salary 2105 

March 6 Society for Propagating the Gospel — Salary for Missionary 
Interpreter and schoolmaster among the Indians; also for 
Rev. J. F. Haegar 2106 


Table of Contents. 

March 15 

April 6 


May 26 
June 8 
Sept. 14 











April 17 
Oct. 18 




Lords of Trade to Gov. Hunter — Members of the CouncU — 
George Clarke; Dr. John Johnston in place of Dr. Staats 

— Tlie vacating Act 2106 

Adjustment of moneys oaring by New Netherland 2106, 2107 

Secretary Popple to Gov. Hunter — Revs. Vesey and Talbot . . 2107 
Society for Propagating Gospel — Salary for the missionary 

among the Palatines 2107 

Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — Eev. jVIt. Vesey 

more friendlj^ — Eeasons of his going to England — City 

Vestry refuse to pay his salary while in England. .. . 2107, 2108 

Society for Propagating the Gospel — Indian Missions 2108 

Classis receives letter from Pvev. Peter Van Driessen 2108 

Eev. John F. Haegar to Society for Propagating Gospel — 

Church begun for the Palatines on Hudson Eiver — Eev. 

Mr. Barclay's church — Schoharie — Many communicants 

— Statistics 2109, 2110 

Gov. Hunter to the Loi'ds of Trade — Vacancies in Council — 

David Jamison among " The Sweet Singers " — Sent to 
America — -His siiccess; and recommendation to the 
Council 2110, 2111 

Society for Propagating the Gospel — Letter from Eev. J. 
F. Haegar, of Sept. 14, read 2111, 2112 

Dutch Church of Albany borrows from the Poor-fund to build 
church 2112 

Society for Propagating the Gospel 2112, 2113 

Rev. Mr. Poyer to Society for Propagating Gospel — The 
Law-suit for his salary — His weariness — His successes. 2113 

Episcopal Church at Jamaica to the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel — The Independents most numerous ; elect ves- 
trymen and church wardens; pay their own minister; 
Episcopal minister receives nothing — Dissenting ministers 
not qualified to be inducted; Independents call themselves 

the established church 2114, 2115 

Episcopal Church at Albany — Eev. Mr. Barclay 2115 

Society for Propagating the Gospel request that expenses of 
Indian Interpreter and schoolmaster, and missionary to the 
Palatines, be put on the New York establishment. . . 2115, 2116 
Eev. J. F. Haegar to the Society for Propagating the Gospel 

— His correspondence — The building of his church — His 
former hardships — Kingsbury, only church between Kings- 
ton and Albany — Hears his salary is to be discontinued 

— His sad circumstances; appeal for help — Necessity of 

a schoolmaster 2116-2118 

Eev. Mr. Poyer to Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
State of the Church the same — The difficulties of his posi- 
tion 2119 

Table of Contents. 



Nov. 22 























March 7 
May 6 


Call to Staten Island of Eev. Cornelius Santfoort (Van Sant- 

voord) — Accepts the call — His ordination 2119 

Society for Propagating the Gospel to Eev. Mr. Poyer — 

Present of gown and cassock and £10 2120 

Episcopal Church at Albany 2120 

Johannes Wilhelmus Marinus accepted by Classis as " Com- 

mendatus " 2120 

Dutch Church of New York — A certain matter submitted to 

arbitrators 2120 

Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frielinghuysen called to Raritan — 

His ordination 2121 

Dutch Church of New York — Lease of land at Hony Pot. . . 2121 
Petition of Joshua Kocherthal to the Governor — About the 
manner of making out the Patents for land for the Pala- 
tines and for Rev. Kocherthal, at Quaseck Creek (near 

Newburgh, N. Y.) 2122 

Census of Palatine families at different German Settlements 

in New York 2123 

Act for naturalizing Eev. Henricus Boel and others. .. 2123, 2124 

Sept. 15 Episcopal Church at Albany 2124 

Petition of certain Palatines for the disposal of the Glebe at 

Quassaick Creek 2124 

Society for Propagating the Gospel receives letter from Rev. 

J. F. Haegar of Oct. 26, 1717 2124-2126 

Rev. Mr. Poyer to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 

About the disputes at Jamaica 2126 

Agreement between Rev. Mr. Phillips and the Trustees of 
Brookhaven 2126 

Rev. Mr. Poyer to the Society for Propagating the Gospel — 
Death of Eev. Mi-. Bi-idge of Rye — Opposition at Eye to 
Church of England — Call of Eev. Mr. Buckingham, a dis- 
senter — Possible call of Eev. Mr. Poyer 2127 

Rev. Mr. Poyer to the Society, etc. — Dissenters appealing to 
the King 2127-2128 

Order to collect church-rates in Brookhaven 2128 

Petition of certain dissenters to have certain alleged unjust 
fines remitted — Referred to the judges of Queens County, 2128 


Petition of many of the Inhabitants of Jamaica against the 
Justices of the Peace; for turning out the legally elected 
church wardens: previous plot: private interests involved; 
have invaded the privileges of the legal vestry; have 
illegally given the peoples' money to Eev. Mr. Poyer, who 
was illegally appointed — Private character of these Jus- 
tices — Whitehead, Smith, Clement, Cornell, Hunt — Affi- 
davits to sustain this petition ., 2129-2133 

xxxiv Table of Contents. 

1719. PAGE. 

May 14 Secretary Clarke to the Magistrates of Queens County — 
Governor's reply to Petition — Both sides to appear before 
the Governor 2133 

23 Reply of the Judges — Affidavits about the ditliculties of col- 

lecting rates from dissenters to support Church of England 

— Affidavit of the so-called rioters 2133-2135 

1 27 Answer of the Magistrates to the Complaints against them 
by Fitch and others — Order to pay over the money on 
hand — Arguments of the wardens why this could not be 
done — Counter arguments — Law intended for minister of 
Church of England — Know nothing of any cabals — Trvie 
reason of the troubles at Jamaica: Rev. McNish the ring- 
leader 2136-2138 

June 17 Journal of the Council — Act passed to enable the Justices 

of Rye to repair parish church 2139 

20 The Act itself 2139 

July 9 Dutch Chmrch of New York — Leases of certain lots 2139 

24 Petition in behalf of a Spanish priest, captured, plundered, 

and brought into New York 2140 

Wm. Forster, schoolmaster in Westchester 2140 

— Aug. Synod of North Holland — Rev. Jacobus Theodorus 

van Frylinghuysen has been sent to Raritan 2141 

Aug. 21 Rev. Peter Vas pays Classis certain dues 2141 

Sept.-Oet. Repairs of house of Rev. Mr. Phillips, an Independent minis- 
ter; paid out of the church rates 2141 

15 Petition of Messrs. Floyd and Smith of Brookhaven, against 

certain oppressive assessments, including church rates, 2141-2142 

— Counter petition to the above by the Trustees of Brookhaven 

— Such assessments necessary, for promoting religion, ad- 
vancing learning, etc 2142 

Nov. 6 Trustees of Brookhaven sustained. 2143 

16 Charter granted to the Church of Kingston 2143 

Dec. 18 Report of Committee of Council on the Petition of certain 

Palatines — Action of Lord Lovelace, 1708 — Survey of 
land at Quassaick, and 500 acres laid out for a Lutheran 
minister — Rev. Mr. Kocherthal's lot — Description of the 
lots — The Glebe land — Exhibits accompanying the pre- 
ceding petitions 2143-2146 


July 26 Brigadier Hunter to Secretary Popple — Some of the Pala- 
tines have removed to other quarters — Might occupy the 
large Dellius tract 2146 

Aug. 2 Petition of the New York Palatines to the Lords of Trade — 
Review of their history — Their numbers, voyage, first set- 
tlement, removal of some to Schoharie, attempts to oppress 

them; appeal to the King for justice 2147, 2148 

3 Petition for the incorporation of the Dutch Church of Albany 

— List of lands and tenements belonging to said Church, 2148 


Table of Contents. xxxv 

1720. PAGE. 

Aug. 6 Answer to a Caveat against said Charter 2150 

8 Report on Petition of Dutch Church of Albany for a Char- 
ter 2150, 2151 

10 Order to prepare said Charter 2151, 2152 

The Charter of the Dutch Church of Albany 2152-2168 

20 The Condition, Grievances and oppressions of the Gennans in 
Xew York, 1720 — Pledges to them unfulfilled — John Con- 
rad Weiser — Children taken and bound out — Removal to 
Livingston's Manor — Failure of the enterprise to make 
naval stores — Request to be permitted to go to Schoharie 
— Furnished men to go on expedition to Canada ; nevef 
paid for it — Helped to garrison Albany ; never paid — 
Commission sent to the Governor; no relief — Lamenta- 
tions of the people — Seek help from the Indians, who 
invite them to settle in Schoharie — Cut their way thither, 
forbidden by the Governor to settle there — Obliged to dis- 
obey — Next spring, other Gennans came to Schoharie — 
Bought more land of the Indians in that vicinity — Oppo- 
sition of the Governor, and parties in Albany — Protection 
by the Indians — Governor visits Albany, and orders a dele- 
gation of these Germans to meet him there, especially Cap- 
tain Weiser — The Conference — The Governor's orders to 

them — Obliged to disobey 2168-2172 

25 Conference between Colonel Schuyler and the Indians — 

Their wish to become Christians 2172 

Sept. 6 Minute of the Board of Trade respecting the Palatines — 

Promises to them denied 2172, 2173 

19 Petition of the Presbyterians of New York, to be incorpo- 
rated 2173, 2174 

Objections to said Charter — Memorial of Gilbert Livingston 

and Thos. Smith 2174, 2175 

17 (19?) Report of Council on said Petition 2175, 2176 

Oct. 7 John Van Driessen exhibited false certificates before Classis 

of Amsterdam — Refusal to allow him to study theology.. 2176 
Nov. 1 Petition of Johannes Wilhelm Schefs, Agent for the Palatines 
in Schoharie — Their number, 160 families or 1,000 souls — 
500 other German families, or 3,000 souls in other parts of 
New York — Schef and Weiser, a committee, to request 
the King to grant the land of Schoharie to said Germans, 2176 


The Old Parsonage at Albany 2177, 2178 

June 15 Preface to Frelinghuysen's Sennons, with recommendations 

by Revs, Freeman and Bartholf — Titles 2178-2181 

16 Rev. Thos, Poyer to Secretary of New York — A Marriage 

License 2181 

xxxvi Table of Contents. 

1721. PAGE. 

June 21 Dutch Church on Livingston Manor — Collections for, per- 
mitted 2181 

Jul}^ 25 Rev. Henry Boel's Testimony as to Statements made by 

Capt. Goelet about Frelinghuysen 2182, 2183 

Testimony of Eev. G. Du Bois as to Capt. Coelet's State- 
ments about Frelinghuysen 2183, 2184 

26 Journal of New York Council — Act to equalize the Assess- 
ment of Ministers' and Poor tax 2184, 2185 

Aug. 18 Society for Propagating Gospel — Rev. J. F. Haegar 2185 

Sept. 8 State of the British Plantations in America — Slow progress 

of the Church of England 2186 

21 Final liquidation of debt of Rev. Peter V'as to Classis of Ams- 
terdam 2186 

Oct. 9 Dutch Church of Albany borrow from Poor fund to build 

Parsonage 2186 

Nov. 17 Rev. John F. Haegar 2187 

Jan. 13 Baptists — Petition of Nicholas Eyers to be allowed to preach 

Granted 2187-2189 

Feb. 26 Dutch Church of Albany — Sexton — Land 2189 

April 16 Dutch Church of New York — Right to the Manor of Ford- 
ham 2189, 2190 

Church Lot in Rye — Survey of Church land 2190 

Rev. Mr. Vesey to Society for Propagating the Gospel — Ac- 
count of Trinity Church Parish — Mr. Wetmore, catechist 

— Mr. Huddlestone, teacher of Parish school — A small 
Parish library 2190, 2191 

July 22 Society for Propagating the Gospel — Rev. J. F. Haegar dead 

— Widow to be paid 2191 

Aug. 17 Society for Propagating the Gospel — More Palatines en 

route to New York — ■ A German minister to follow 2191 

Sept. 13 Petition of Rev. Peter Van Driessen — His service to the In- 
dians — Requests assistance therein — Permission given 

him to build a Chapel 2191, 2192 

26 Lords of Trade to Lord Carterefe — Representation to the 
King — Fraud in connection with land grants — Review of 
land grants — Governors empowered to make such grants 
■ — Quit rents to the Crown — Grants by Fletcher to Dellius ; 
to Schuyler and Gansevoort; to Beekman; to lieathcote; 
to Evans; to Bayard — Act in 1699 to vacate extravagant 
grants; Unconfirmed — Act, 1702, to repeal vacating Act; 
disallowed by Lords of Trade, 1707 — Vacating Act con- 
firmed, 1708; Old Patentees to have small grants, if they 

cultivate them 2192-2194 

Oct. 27 Third Immigi'ation of Palatines — Sanitary orders 2195 

Nov. 21 Gov. Burnet to the Board — The Pfilatines 2195, 2196 

Table of Contents. xxxvii 

1723. PAGE. 

Nov. 21 Census of the Province of New York, and Trade 2196, 2197 

March 12 Eev. Mr. Freeman's account of a visit to him of some mem- 
bers of Frelinghuysen's church, to make charges against 

their pastor 2197-2200 

28 Citation of certain parties by the Consistory of Raritan to 
answer for certain reports made concerning their pastor, 
Frelinghuysen 2201-2204 

April 16 Answer of said Cited Parties, to the Raritan Consistory, 2205, 2206 
18 Resolution of the Raritan Consistory against the attempt 

of other Consistories to lord it over them 2206 

May 9 Second Citation of certain parties, by the Consistory of 
Raritan to answer charges for speaking against their min- 
ister 2206-2211 

22 Third Citation of the same by the same 2212 

24 Rev. Mr. Poyer to the Society — Difficulty of getting his 

salary 2212, 2213 

July 19 Report on the Certificates, necessary to be presented, for can- 
didates for the ministry 2213 

Dee. 5 Dutch Church of New York — One hundred pounds always 

to be kept in the Treasury — Rules for lending money. . . . 2214 
16 Governor Burnet to Secretary Delafaj-e — Indian Wars — 

Jesuits 2214 

Gov. Burnet to Lord Carteret — Chaplain Jas. Orem 2215 

March 17 Sabbath Observance at Albany 2215 

23 Rev. Guilliam Bertholf ill — New pastor to be called to 

Aquackononck 2215, 2216 

April 14 Dutch Church of New York — Committee to have charge of 

the matter of the Quit-rents of Manor of Fordham. . 2216, 2217 

May 7 Dutch Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 2217 

June 13 Petition of Jacob Sharp, etc., in behalf of the Palatines on 
Manor of Livingston — Ask for the tract afterward known 
as Germantown — -Report on same. (See also Aug. 27, 

1724) 2218-2220 

JmIj 2 Dutch Church of New York — All church orders must be 

recorded — Arrangement for preserving Church-papers, 2220, 2221 
Aug. 9 Dutch Church of New York — Committee to record Papers 

relating to the Manor of Fordham 2221 

21 Society for Propagating the Gospel — Rev. Jas. Ogilvie has 

married Mrs. Haegar — Moneys due Mrs. Haegar 2221 

27 Report in favor of issuing Letters — Patent to the Palatines 

of Gei-mantown 2222 

Dutch Church of New Y^'ork — Elder John Harpending's will 
— His death — History of Suits as to Title of Collegiate 
Reformed Dutch Church of New York, to their Property. 

Sept. 24 French Church of New York — An Act repudiating the 
Consistory's dismission of Rev. Louis Ron, on Sept. 20, 
Rev. Poyer" s answers to the Queries of the Society .... 2229, 2230 

xsx^'iii Table of Co]?fTENTS. 

1724. PAGE. 

Oct. 8 Rev. Mr. Poyer to Bishop of London — Answer to the Queries 

— Review of his hardships 2231, 2232 

15 Dutch Church of Xew York — John Montague 2232 

16, Nov. 20. Society for Propagating the Gospel — Letter from 

Rev. John Ehlig, (Elle, Ochl.) Mode of his ministry. 2232, 2233 
Nov. 10 Colden's Memorial on the Fur Trade — Review of the history 

— James and Popish Councils — Five Nations alienated 
from the English — Destruction of Schenectady 2233, 2235 

Dec. 10 Dutch Church of New York 2235 

Jan. 14 French Church of New York — Petition of several members 
against the Act of the Consistory in dismissing the pastor, 
Rev. Louis Ron — His exemplary life for 14 years — 

Request his restoration 2235-2238 

28 Answer of French Church, to the Petition against them of 
Jan. 14, 1725; per Rev. Mr. Moulinar — Review of Petition 

— Claim of exemption from interference by any Civil Court 
of their Consistorial Acts — Toleration of French Protest- 
ants in France until Revocation of Edict of Nantes — Their 

kind reception by all Protestant National Churches in Eu- 
rope — Each exUed congregation governed itself — Contract 
made with Mr. Ron — Call of second minister — Mr. Ron 
neglected his duty — Mr. Ron may set up another Church — 
The French have not been interferred Avith. by the Govern- 
ment, for more than forty years — Act of Toleration does 
' not apply to the French — The French cannot be called 
Dissenters — They also help support the Church of Eng- 
land here — Entitled at least to equal privileges mth Dis- 
senters in England — Toleration not inconsistent with the 
English Constitution 2238-2240 

Feb. 18 French Church of New York — Committee of Council require 
the French Consistory to show by what authority they 

have suspended Rev. Mr. Ron 2240, 2241 

French Church of New York — Proceedings in Council on 
their affairs — Arguments of Counselors, as to the powers 

of their Consistory 2241 

19, 20 Dutch Church of New York — Quit-rents for Manor of Ford- 
ham demanded — Yielded by Church 2242, 2243 

28 Dutch Church of New York — ilanor of Fordham — Rights 

of the Church thereto 2243 

Feb. or March '" Complaint against Frelinghuysen and his Consistory ", 
or " Reply to the Letters of Citation " — Abstract given, 


March 3, 4 French Church of New York — Required to show by what 
authority they are an Ecclesiastical Court; and by what 
authority they suspended Rev. Mi*. Ron — Answers and 
Explanations — Report: That the French Consistory 

Table of CoNTE^^TS. xxxix 

1725. PAGE. 

could show no legal authority for discharging Mr. Ron — 
The French Church admonished to end their strife — Else 
to apply to the legal Courts 2292, 2293 

March 8 Dutch Church of New York — Committee ordered to pay all 
legal costs in the suit concerning Quit-rent on Manor of 
Fordham 2294 

April 10 French Church of New York — Rev. Louis Ron's Third 
Memorial — Remarks on the answer of the French Con- 
sistory. (1) Impossible to review every point — Personal 
remarks unimportant — Can only refer to the document 
of Sept. 20, 1724 — This should have been produced. (2) 
Refusing the jurisdiction of the Council is Independency — 
This leaves ministers without remedy. (.3) Their remarks 
on Liberty of Conscience belongs to us as much as to them 

— They are a minority. (4) He denies that the relation of 
minister and Consistoiy is simply that of a Civil Contract 

— Who is to Judge ? Breaking a contract by one side does 
not dissolve the contract — The decision belongs either to 
Ecclesiastical or Civil Judges. (5) Difficulty to answer 
loose and general accusations — They do not specify — 
They propose to give us certain privileges — The different 
ways in which subscriptions were obtained — Their insinua- 
tions about other Judicatures — References to temper on 
either side — Their dealings with former pastors not par- 
allel — Their quotations of Scripture ; of the Corruption of 
the Clergy — Design of their declaration, that they cannot 

be called Dissenters; but they have been violent against 
the Church of England — TTieir pecuniary indebtedness to 
Postscript: Difficult to understand their allusion to Disci- 
pline in France — Yet Discipline real, in the French Church 

— He has been true to his agreements — Design of calling 
a second minister — Jealousy. (6) His answer about fol- 
lowing his own humor — His complaint that they did not 
come to him personally — No pei-tinency in their allusions 
to "Toleration" — Conditions of Peace, proposed: (1) The 
legality of the late election of Elders; (2) My written 
confirmation of their election; (3) My subscription to the 
Constitution of the Church; (4) My submisssion to the 
Consistory — His answers thereto 2294-2303 

22 Rev. Theodore J. Frelinghuysen to Rev (Appar- 
ently a Presbyterian Minister). Rebuked, for encouraging 
the complainers in his church. Vindicates pious men, who 
had made divisions in that Presbyterian Church. Each 
must be judged by his fruits. Frelinghuysen had tried to 
convince him of his sins. Many efforts made to reclaim 

xl Table of Contents. 

1725. PAGE. 

him. Had Aviitten a book against Frelinghuysen. The lat- 
ter is bound to contend for the faith 2303-2306 

April 27 Rev. B. Freeman to Classis of Amsterdam. The Opposition to 
the views of Frelinghuysen. His acts of discipline. Out- 
side ministers take part. His opponents have published a 
" Complaint " against him. Misrepresentations therein 
about Freeman. The " Complaint " scorned by honest peo- 
ple. Frelinghuysen's ministry blessed. Rumors that the 
Classis will annul the discipline. Freeman has published 
a " Defence " of himself 2307, 2308 

June 4 Henricus Goes received into the Classis as " Commendatus " 

for foreign lands 2308 

Conversion of the Indians. 1701-1800. 

" The Indians who bordered on the Colony of New York, were known as the 1701- 
Iroquois or Five Nations, the most renowned and ingenious of the savages of the 1800 
North." " These tribes formed a confederation, an3 acted together under a 
system which immensely increased their power and enabled them to achieve 
great results. The terror of all the tribes to the north of them, they lay like a 
great bulwark between New York and Canada. It was natural that the attention 
of the English Church should be earnestly fixed on them, and that great efforts 
should be made to convert them to Christianity. Civil and religious motives in 
fact combined to urge on the work of their evangelization, for trade with them 
was active, and they guarded the frontier between New England and New York 
on the one side, and the French and Quebec with the Canadian Indians, their 
allies, on the other." 

" As early as the year 1700, Lord Bellomont memorialized the Lords of Trade 
and Plantations on the want of some Ministers of the Church of England to in- 
struct the Five Nations of Indians, and prevent them from the approaches of 
French priests and Jesuits. The subject was referred to the Queen, and on the 
3rd of April, 1700, an order of Council was made, authorizing the appointment of 
two clergymen as missionaries, and referring it to the Archbishop of Canterbury 
to take the order for the due fulfillment of the service." — Dix, 234; Humphreys, 
108; Hawkins, 264. 

Anderson's Account of the Indian Mission in !N'ew York, 

FROM 1701-1709. 

The case of the Indians in the neighborhood of Albany, had been pressed upon 
the notice of the English Society for Propagating the Gospel by Robert Living- 
stone, Secretary for Indian affairs in New York. He described them as anxious 
to learn, and that such efforts would tend to counteract the efforts of the French 
Jesuits from Canada. Gov. Bellomont in 1700 likewise emphasized the political 
benefits. (See Col. Docs. N. Y. iv.) It was therefore determined to send two 
clergymen among them; but aware of the peculiar difficulties in the way of a 
stranger, the Society first invited Mr. Dellius of Albany, and Mr. Freeman of 
Schenectady, to serve them. The knowledge which both these men had acquired 
of the language and habits of the Indians, which, in the case of Freeman, had 
enabled him already, to translate several portions of the Scripture into the Iro- 
quois tongue, gave them great facilities. But they did not accept the offer. The 
work was entrusted to Thoroughgood Moor in 1704. (Anderson's Col. Ch. ill. 415- 
417.) In 1709 Rev. Henry Barclay entered this field. 

A zealous and affectionate Dutch minister, Dellius, had for some years lived 
in the confidence of all classes of people at Albany; and on account of his high 
character, the Society had desired to employ him among the Iroquois. The neces- 
sity of returning to Europe prevented him from undertaking the duty; but the 
infiuence which he had acquired among the Indian traders supplied facilities for 
further intercourse with them, of which Barclay eagerly availed himself. During 
the absence of Dellius the Dutch Inhabitants thankfully attended Barclay's min- 
istry at the small chapel belonging to them, where he read the English liturgy 
and preached to them in their own tongue, and many became devoted members 
of the Church of England.— Anderson's Col. Ch. ill. 427. 



1444 Ecclesiastical Records 

Chaplaincy of the Fort at New York. 

The Chaplaincy at the Fort was vacant September 23, 1700. Then came Rev. 
John Peter Brisac, 17 - . Rev. Edward Mott, 17 -1704? died. Mr. Mott 
had left before October 3, 1706. See Col. Docs. iv. 1182. Coll. P. E. Ch. 1. xvii. 

Rev. John Sharpe October 20, 1704-1717, of Cheesequakes, N. J. Also assisted 
Mr. Vesey.— Dix, 161-2. 

Reformed Dutch Church of jSTew York. — List of Ministers, 
Elders and Deacons. 1701-1740. 

Ministers, 1701. 
Rev. Henricus Selyns 
Rev. Gualterus du Bois. 
Elders. Deacons. 

1701. Jacobus Boele | Holding 1701. Mr. Samuel Staats | Holding 

Isaac de Riemer f over. Gerrit Duiken | over. 

Isaac de Peyster Isaac Kip 

Nicolas Roosevelt Leendert Huigen 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. 

1701. Isaac de Peyster | Holding 1702. Isaac Kip | Holding 

Nicolas Roosevelt ( over. Leendert Huigen (" over. 

Mr. Samuel Staats Gysbert van Imburg 

Mr. Abraham de Peyster Jan Wanshaar 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. 

1703. Mr. Samuel Staats | Holding 1703. Gysbert van Imburg ] Holding 
Mr. Abraham de Peyster ( over. Jan Wanshaar j over. 
Wilhelm Beekman Johannes Hardenbroek 
Johannes van Giessen Jacobus van der Spiegel 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 21st. 

1704. Wilheltn Beekman | Holding 1704. Johannes Hardenbroek | Holding 
Johannes van Giessen ( over. Jacobus van der Spiegel j over. 
Jacobus Boelen Olphert Syoerts 

Leonard Huige de Klein Andries Marschalk 

Chosen on .3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 19th. 

1705. Jacobus Boelen | Holding 1705. Olphert Sygerts ] Holding 
Leonard Huige de Klein f over. Andries Marschalk f over. 
Isaac Kip Jan Narbury 

Diderik ten Eyck Pieter van Tilburg ■ 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 18th. 

1706. Isaac Kip ) Holding 1706. Jan Narbury | Holding 
Diderik ten Eyck f over. Pieter van Tilburg ^ over. 
Col. Jacobus van Cortlandt Jan Wanshaar 

Isaac de Peyster Benjamin Wynkoop 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 17th, and 
ordained on 3rd of Nov. 

1707. Col. Jacobus van Cortlandt ) Holding 1707. Jan Wanshaar ) Holding 
Isaac de Peyster | over. Benjamin Wynkoop j over. 
Jan Harberding Gysbert van Imburg 

Mr. Samuel Staats Jacobus van der Spiegel 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 16th, and 
ordained on 2nd Nov. 

OF THE State of New York. 1445 


1708. Jan Harberding | Holding 1708. Gysbert van Imburg | Holding 1 «'*0 
Mr. Samuel Staats ( over. Jacobus van der Spiegel j over. 
Jacobus Boelen Johannes Kruger 

Nicolaus Roosevelt Andries Abrahamsze 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct. being the 21st, and 
ordained on Nor. 7. 

On account of the death of Jacobus van der Spiegel, 
Capt. Cornells de Peyster was chosen for deacon in his 
place on Dec. 29, 1708, and ordained Jan. 9, 1708-9. 

1709. Jacobus Boelen | Holding 1709. John Kruger ] Holding 
Nicolaus Roosevelt | over. Andries Abrahamsze f over. 
Leonard Huige de Klein Barent Reynders 

Isaac Kip Isaac Stoutenburg 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday in Oct. being the 2Qth, and 
ordained on 6th of Nov. 

1710. Leonard Huyge de Klein | Holding 1710. Barent Reynders | Holding 
Isaac Kip ( over. Isaac Stoutenberg j over. 
Mr. Jacobus van Cortlant Gerrit van Hoorn 
Johannes van Giessen Johs. Kerfbyl 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday in Oct. being the 19th, and 
ordained on 5th of Nov. 

1711. Mr. Jacobus van Cortlant I Holding 1711. Mr. Gerrit van Hoorn | Holding 
Johannes van Giessen ( over. Johs. Kerfbyl ( over. 

Mr. Samuel Staats Jan Wanshaar 

Mr. Jan Kruger Antony Rutgers 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct., and ordained Nov. 4. 

1712. Mr. Samuel Staats | Holding 1712. Jan Wanshaar | Holding 
Mr. Jan Kruger f over. Antony Rutgers f over. 
Jan Harberding Pieter van Tilburg 

Mr. Barent Reinders Mr. Samuel Bayard 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday in Oct., 16th, and ordained, Nov. 2. 

1713. Jan Harberding | Holding 1713. Pieter van Tilburg | Holding 
Mr. Barend Reinders J over. Mr. Samuel Bayard j over. 
Jacobus Boele Aadriaan Man 

Leonard Huyge de Klein Mr. Jacobus Kip 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct., 15th, and ordained, Nov. 1. 

1714. Jacobus Boele | Holding 1714. Adriean Man ) Holding 
Leonard Huyge de Klein f over. Mr. Jacobus Kip j over. 
Jan Wanshaar Andries Marschalk 

Capt. Cor. de Peyster Mr. Philip Schuyler 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday in Oct., 21st, and ordained, Nov. 7. 

1715. Jan Wanshaar | Holding 1715. Andries Marschalk | Holding 
Capt. Cor. de Peyster j" over. Philip Schuyler j over. 
Col. Jacobus van Cortlandt Capt. Joan, van Hoorn 
Nicolaus Roosevelt Philip van Cortlandt 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday in Oct., 20th, and ordained Nov. 6. 

1716. Col. Jac. V. Cortlandt 1 Holding 1716. Capt. Joan, van Hoorn l Holding 
Nicolaus Roosevelt j over. Philip v. Cortlandt j over. 
Capt. Jan Cruger Willem Provost 

Barend Reynders Olivier Teller 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday of Oct., 18th, ordained Nov. 4, 

1446 Ecclesiastical Records 


1740 1717. capt. Jan Oruger ] Holding 1717. Willem Provost | Holding 

Barend Reynders j over. Olivier Teller f over. 

Mr. Leonard Huygen de Klein Johannes van der Heul 

Mr. Samuel Bayard Dr. Jacob Moene 

Chosen, 3rd Thursday in Oct., 17th, and ordained Nov. 3. 

1718. Mr. Leonard Huyge ] 1718. Joh. van der Heul ) Holding 

de Klein l Dr. Jacob Moenen f over. 

I over -' 

Mr. Samuel Bayard J Philip Schuyler 

Mr. Jacob Boelen Abraham Keteltas 

Capt. Cornelis de Peyster 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct., 16, ordained on Nov. 2. 

1719. Mr. Jacob Boelen ] Holding 1719. Philip Schuyler | Holding 
Capt. Cor. de Peyster f over. Abraham Keteltas j over. 
Col. Jac. V. Cortlandt Jacob ten Eyck 

Col. Gerard Beekman Cornelis Louw 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday. Oct., 1.5th, and ordained on 1st 
of Nov.; except Cor. Louw, ordained on Nov. 29th, having 
been out of town up to that time. 

1720. Col. Jac. V. Cortlandt ) Holding 1720. Jacob Ten Eyck ] Holding 
Col. Gerard Beekman | over. Cornelis Louw ( over. 
Capt. John Cruger Philip van Cortlandt 
Barend Reynders Olivier Teller 

Chosen 3rd Thursday, Oct. 20th, ordained on Nov. 6. 

1721. Capt. John Cruger ] Holding 1721. Philip van Cortlandt | Holding 
Barend Reynders j over. Olivier Teller ( over. 
Mr. Leonard Huyge de Klein Capt. Joh. Hardenbroek 
Andrles Marscl»alk Jan Roosevelt 

Chosen 3rd Thursday, Oct. 19th, ordained on Nov. 5. 

1722. Leonard Huyge de Klein | Holding 1722. Capt. Joh. Hardenbroek ] Holding 
Andrles Marschalk j over. Jan Rosevelt { over. 
Isaac Kip Hermanns van Gelder 

Samuel Bayert Christof. Banker 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 18th, ordained on Nov. 4. 

1723. Isaac Kip | Holding 1723. Hermanns van Gelder ] Holding 
Samuel Bayard ( over. Christopher Banker | over. 
Jacob Boelen Abraham van Home 

Philip Cortland Willem Rooseboom 

Choseu, 3rd Thursday, Oct. 17th, ordained on Nov. 3. 

1724. Jacob Boelen | Holding 1724. Abraham van Home ] Holding 
Philip van Cortlandt j over. Willem Roseboom j over. 
Jacobus van Cortlandt Charles La Roux 
Hermanns van Gelder Abraham Boelen 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 15th, ordained on Nov. 1. 

1725. Jacobus van Cortlandt ) Holding 1725. Charles Le Roux | Holding 
Hermanns van Gelder f over. Abraham Boelen i over. 
John Cruger Gerrit Keteltas 
Johannes Hardenbroek Abraham Leflferts 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 21st, ordained on Nov. 7. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 


1726. Johu Cruger | Holding 

Jobs. Hardenbroek j over. 
Cornells de Peyster 
Willem Provoost 
♦ Or J. C. vander Spiegel. 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 20th, ordained on Nov. 6 

1726. Gerrlt Keteltas \ Holding 
Abraham Lefferts | over. 
Hendrick* van der Spiegel 
Abraham van Vlek 


1727. Cornells de Peyster | Holding 
Willem ProToost f over. 
Isaac Kip 
Samuel Bayard 

1727. Hend. van der Spiegel | Holding 
Abraham van Vlek j over. 
Jan Roseveld 
Christoffel Bancker 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 19th, ordained on Nov. 5. 

1728. Isaac Kip | Holding 1728. Jan Roosevelt | Holding 
Samuel Bayard ( over. Christoff. Banker j over. 
Nicolaus Roosevelt Paul Richard 

Antony Rutgers Fred, van Cortlandt 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 17th, ordained on Nov. 3. 

1729. Nicolaas Roosevelt | Holding 1729. Paul Richard | Holding 
Antony Rutgers j over. Fred, van Cortlandt j over. 
John Cruger Charles Le Roux 

Hend. van der Spiegel Hermanns Rutgers 

Chosen 3rd Thursday, Oct. 16th, ordained on Nov. 2. 

1780. John Cniger | Holding 

Hend. van der Spiegel ( over. 
Cornelis de Peyster 
N. B. As oldest of the newly chosen, 
but only for this year. 
Andries Marschalk 
Philip van Cortlandt 
Floris van Taerling 

1730. Charles Le Roux | Holding 
Hermanns Rutgers f over. 
Abraham Boelcn 
Abraham Lefiferts 
N. B. As oldest of the newly chosen, 
but only for the current year. 
Hend. Kuyler 
Jacobus Roseveldt 
Abraham van Wyck 
Gerardus Beekman 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. loth, ordained on Nov. 1. 

1731. Andries Marschalk 

Philip van Cortlandt 
Floris van Taerling 
Jeronymus* Remsen 
Willem Rooseboom 
John Roosevelt 

♦ Or Hermanns Remsen. 


1731. Hendrik Kuyler ") 

Jacobus Roosevelt 
Abraham Van Wyk 
Gerardus Beekman 
Abraham van Vleck 
Gerrit Roos 
Philip French 
Matthew Clarkson 


Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 21st, ordained on Nov. 7. 

1732. Jeronymus Remsen ^ „ ,,. • 
■r^.,, „ , / Holding 

Willem Rooseboom s. 

r over. 
John Roosevelt ) 

Gerrit van Home 

Antony Rutgers 

Joh. Hardenbroek 

1732. Abraham Van Vleck ^ 

Gerrit Roos ( Holding 

Philip French (' over. 

Matthew Clarkson J 
Christopher Banker 
Wynant van Zandt 
Henry Coerten 
Coenraad ten Eyck 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 19th, ordained on Nov. 5. 



1733. Gerrit van Home 

Ecclesiastical Records 

Antony Rutgers 
Job. Hardenbroek \ 
Cornells de Peyster 
Hermanns Rutgers 
Abraham Boelen 

/ Holding 
I over. 

1733. ChristoEEel Bancker^ 
Wynant ran Zandt { 
Henry Coerten T 

Coenraat Ten Byck j 


Abraham Leflferts 
Charles Le Roux 
Gerrit Harsin 
Jacob Goelet 
Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 18th, ordained on Nov. 4. 


Cornelis de Peyster 
Harmanus Rutgers 
Abraham Boelen 
Jan Cruger 
Abraham Keteltas 
Hendrick Cuyler 


17.34. Abraham LefEerts^ 

Charles Le Rous ,' Holding 
Gerrit Harsin (' over. 

Jacob Goelet J 

Jacobus Roosevelt 
Abraham Van Wyck 
Johannes Marschalk 
Nicolaus Bayard 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 17th, ordained on Nov. 3. 

1735. Jan Cruger 

Abraham Keteltas 
Hendrick Cuyler 
John Roosevelt 
Christoffel Bancker 
Gerrit Roos 

I Holding 

1735. Jacobus Roosevelt "1 

Abraham Van Wyck } Holding 

Johannes Marschalk I over. 

Nicolaus Bayard J 

Gerard Beekman 

Matthew Clarkson 

Ide Meyer 

Johannes X Graaf [His mark] 

Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 16th, ordained on Nov. 


Jan Roseveld 
Christoffel Banker 
Gerrit Roos 
Joh. Hardenbroek 
Abraham Leffers 
Wynant Van Zandt 

) Holding 

1736. Gerard Beekman 
Matthev7 Klarkson 
Ide Mayer j 

Joh. de Graat J 

Coenraad Ten Eyck 
Joh. Groesbeek 
Jan Bogert 
Petrus Rutgers 
Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 21st, ordained on Nov. 7. 


1737. Joh. Hardenbroek \ 
Abrm. Lefferts v 

Wynant Van Zandt ) 
Antony Rutgers 
Abrm. Boelen 
Jacoby Roseveld 


1737. Coenraad Ten Eyck^ 

Joh. Groesbeek 
Jan Bogert 
Petrus Rutgers 
Evert Byvank 
David Abeel 
Gul. Ver Plank 
Robt. Livingston, Jr 



Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 20th, ordained on Nov. 6. 


Antony Rutgers ) 
Abm. Boelen ^ 

Jacobus Roseveld ) 
Willem Roseboom 
Abm. Van Wyk 
Matthew Clarkson 


1738. Evert Byvank ^ 

David Abeel | Holding 


. Gul. Ver Plank 
Robt. Livingston J 
Nicolaus Bayard 
Gerardus Duiking 
Abm. Lynsse 
Francois Marschalk 
Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 19th, ordained on Nov. 5. 
In place of Matthew Clarkson. who died, Gerrit Harsin was 
chosen as Elder, June 28; and ordained, July 15, 1739. 

OF THE State of New York. 1449 


1739. Willem Rooseboom ■\ 1739. Nicolaus Bayard ^ 1800 
Abm. Van Wyck (. ° '°^ Gerardus Duyckink | Holding 

Gerrit Harsin ) ' Abrm. Lynssen j' over. 

Paulus Richard Francois Marschalk J 

Gerrit Keteltas Joris Brinkerhoflf 

Henricus Coerten Abel Hardenbroek 

Isaak de Peyster 

Petrus van Ranst 
Chosen on 3rd Thursday, Oct. 18th; ordained on Nov. 4. 

1740. Paulus Richard ) jj i^- o- I'iO. Joris BrinckerhofE ^ Holding 
Gerrit Keteltas I ° ^°° Abel Hardenbroek over. 

I over 
Henricus Coerten ) " Isaak de Peyster { 

Jan Rooseveld Petrus van Ranst J 

Abraham Lefferts Jan Bogert 

Harmanus Rutgers Cornells van Home, Gerviter. 

Harmanus Rutgers, Jr. 

Cornelia Turck. 

— Lib. A. 128-142. 

Catholic Church m ISTew York, 1701-1800. 

Penal laws having been enacted in ISTew York in 1700 against 
Catholics, almost nothing can be recounted for two generations. 
In 1741 the so-called ISTegro Plot to bum the city occurred. 
There had been an accidental fire in the Fort. Rev. John Ury, 
a dissenting minister, was accused of being the leader of the 
Plot, and was also charged with being a Catholic priest. This 
gave an anti-Catholic turn to the affairs; and although there 
was no evidence against him, he was convicted and hung. Sev- 
eral of the negroes died with crucifixes in their hands, probably 
being Catholic sailors from the West Indies. Por more than 
seventy five years after the flight of Dongan and the Jesuit 
Fathers, (1689-1764), the few Catholics in the city had no place 
to worship, and lived in constant fear of penal prosecutions. 

Catholics in ISTew York were excluded from oifice by the fol- 
lowing oath, required of all persons appointed to any office : 

" I do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God, profess, testify and de- 
clare, that I do not believe that in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper there is 
any transubstantiation of the elements of Bread and Wine into the body and 
blood of Christ, at or after the consecration by any person whatsoever; and that 
the invocation and adoration of the Virgin Mary or any other saint, and the sac- 
rifice of the Mass, as they are now used in the Church of Rome, are superstitious 
and idolatrous." 

So also the first flag raised by the Sons of Liberty, was 
inscribed " No Popery ". 


1450 Ecclesiastical Records 

But just prior to the American Revolution, there was a little 
Catholic congregation, worshiping in the house of a devout Ger- 
man in Wall street, and the Jesuit Father, Ferdinand Steinmeyer, 
visited and ministered to them on his trips from Maryland. To 
avoid arrest, he assumed the name of Farmer, and entered the 
city in disguise. The little Church was burned in the conflagra- 
tion following Washington's retreat, and the congregation was 
broken up. 

The first priest to celebrate Mass in New York City after the 
British occupation was the Abbe de la Motte, an Augustinian, 
who was chaplain of a French ship, taken at sea by the British 
cruisers, and brought for condemnation to 'New York. Requested 
by the French officers and crew, and a few Catholics in IN'ew 
York to say Mass, La Motte was confronted by the law forbidding 
it. He applied to the British Commander for permission, and 
was refused. But the chaplain through his ignorance of Eng- 
lish, mistook the refusal for permission, said Mass, and for this 
was arrested and kept a close prisoner in the old Dutch Church 
in iNTassau street, or in the old Provoost prison, now the Hall of 
Records,* until exchanged in 1779. 

And although the New York Convention in 1777 enacted a 
Naturalization Law, which virtually excluded Catholics from 
citizenship, religious toleration gained rapidly on public opin- 
ion, and Catholics began to feel free in the public practice of 
their religion. In 1784 Father Farmer came boldly to New 
York to look after the remnants of bis little flock, and found 
eighteen communicants. 

After the war was over. Pope Pius VI. appointed Rev. John 
Carroll of Maryland, a Prefect- Apostolic of the Church in the 
United States. Towards the close of 1784, the Catholics of 
New York invited Rev. Charles Whelan, an Irish Capuchin, to 
their city, and Dr. Carroll granted him authority to officiate. In 

* The Hall of Records at Chambers and Centre streets was a landmark of New 
York city until January and February, 1903, when by order of the Board of Alder- 
men, it was removed. 

OF THE State of New York. 1451 

addition to this congregation, which attended Mass in hired Halls, 
— ITew York being then the Capitol of the Union, — Mass was 
celebrated at the Embassies of the French and Spanish Legations, 
by their chaplains. By March 1785, the Chapel of the French 
Embassy was fully equipped, and afforded religious services for 
many N'ew York Catholics. The Law of 1700, in relation to 
" Popish Priests and Jesuits " was repealed by an Act of the New 
York Legislature in 1784; but the Naturalization Oath, though 
annulled in 1801, was required of them until 1806, when on a 
petition of a numerous body of the Catholics of New York City, 
gotten up by the trustees of St. Peter's Church, it was finally 

The congregation of New York Catholics worshiped in a car- 
penter shop in Barclay street, fitted up for temporary use, and 
there were three priests in the City, Fathers Whelan, Nugent 
and La Valiniere. The last had charge especially of the French 
and Canadian Catholics. Dissensions between Whelan and 
Nugent and their respective adherents led to the withdrawal of 
both from the City, and La Valiniere was left alone. The little 
congregation in the carpenter shop, in the meantime, had under- 
taken the erection of a permanent church. The lots at the comer 
of Barclay and Church streets were purchased, and the corner- 
stone was laid Oct. 5, 1785. Dr. Carroll received from Eome 
special faculties, not usually given to any bishops, to consecrate 
the new St. Peters. The dedication took place Nov. 4, 1786. 
The Elng of Spain is said to have presented ten thousand dollars 
toward the erection of this church. Tlie French and Spanish 
ministers were also its benefactors. The Trustees of St. Peters 
were incorporated in 1785, and re-incoi-porated in 1787, in which 
year Rev. William O'Brien became its pastor and served it for 
several years. 

The first American Catholic Bishop, Et. Rev. John Carroll, 
was consecrated in England, Aug. 15, 1790, as Bishop of Balti- 
more, and having Episcopal jurisdiction over the whole United 



1452 Ecclesiastical Records 

States. The first Bishop of New York was appointed in 1808, 
Rt. Rev. Richard Luke Concannon, but never reached the field. 
A second church in ISTew York was begun in 1809 at Mott and 
Mulberry street, and was consecrated in 1815. See Shea's Hist, 
of the Catholic Church in the United States. 

Early Ministers of the Church of England, in ISTew York. 


The early ministers sent over by the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel were: 1702, Rev. Patrick Gordon, for Jamaica, but 
who died very soon; George Keith, who officiated on Long Island 
at Hempstead; Rev. J. Barton, who officiated in Westchester, 
1702-25; Rev. J. Thomas, at Hempstead and Oyster Bay, 
1704-24; Rev. E. Mac Kenzie, Staten Island, 1704-22; Rev. G. 
Muirson, 1705-8, at Rye; Rev. Daniel Bondet, a French minister 
who conformed in 1709, at !N'ew Rochelle, 1709-22; Rev. P. 
Stoupe was his successor, 1723-60; Rev. T. Barclay, Albany, 
1709-16; Rev. Mr. Wm. Urquhart, 1704-9, at Jamaica; Rev. T. 
Poyer, 1710-31, succeeded him. In 1710 Rev. J. F. Haeger, a 
German minister, was employed by the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel, to minister to the Palatines, 1710-21 ; Rev. Joshua 
Kocherthal was also voted twenty pounds by the Society in 1714. 
He was a Lutheran minister at E. and W. Camps, 1709-14. The 
Society also supported as a missionary to the Dutch congregation at 
Harlem, Rev. Henry Beys (Buys), 1710-13, a Dutch minister, 
whom Col. Morris had persuaded to accept Episcopal ordination. 
The mission failed in 1713. See Corwin's Manual, 4th ed., for 
Bondet, Stoupe, Haeger, Kocherthal and Beys. 

In 1745 Rev. Mr. Vesey reported that there were twenty two 
(Episcopal) churches in the pro^dnce. The wonderfully success- 
ful labors of Mr. Elias Neau, 1704-23 under the auspices "of this 
Society in catechising Negroes and Indians is worthy of most 
honorable mention. He had suffered greatly for his faith in 
France; had become an elder in a French church in America, and 
in 1704 conformed to the Church of England. 

OF THE State of New York. 1453 

French Church in New York. Petition of P. Villepontf.ux. 

To the Honorable Captain John Nanfan Lieutenant Governor and Commander 
in Chiefe of his Majesty's Province of Neve York And Territoryes depending 
thereon in America, etc. 

The Humble Petition of P. Villepontoux Attorney and Elder of ye french con- 
gregation of New Rochelle 

Humbly Sheweth 

That Mr. Bondet ye Minister of ye said congregation having refused to come to 
baptize a childe of his newly born, and in danger of dying Your said Petitioner's 
Childe having recovered his Christening (was performed) by Mr. Peter Peyret 
Minister of ye french congregation (who had consent) of ye said Bondet to bap- 
tize your Petitioner's child and with a second consent of ye Said Bondet did 
Baptize (ye child but) Some days after ye Said Mr. Bondet with the other (Elders 
upon) that pretext only, in a Scandalous manner did depose (him from Said) 
Eldership. But because this blemish, they brought upon (him is) found upon no 
reason and that it draws upon your petitioner the (contempt) of all his neighbours, 
he has declared to appeal thereof; But (unawares) where he can have satisfaction 

for that injustice, as he applyets himself to your honor and humbly 

Prayeth • 

That your honor may be pleased to take your petitioner's case in Your Serious 
consideration or appoint and select the Presbytery of the french congregation of 
(New York) or Such other as your honor Shall think (fit to) examine the aforesaid 

And your Petitioner in duty bound Shall ever pray, etc. 

P. Villeponteux. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 5C0, 561. 

By the courtesy of Rev. Wm. J. Hinke, of Philadelpliia, Pa., 
wlio secured copies of several pamphlets in the British Museum, re- 
lating to the Palatines, and which are inserted in this work. Tliou- 
sands of these Palatines subsequently settled in the Hudson and 
Mohawk Valleys, N. Y. These papers, therefore, are of general 
interest for the history of the early German colonists of New York. 

An Account of the Present Condition of the Protestants 
in the Palatinatb. 

In two letters to an English Gentleman. 

Felix quam f aciunt aliena pericula cantum. 

London: Printed for Richard Parker at the Unicom under the 
Royal Exchange and sold by A, Baldwin near the Oxford Arms 
in Warwick-lane. — 1699. 

A True Account of the Sad Condition of the Protestants in the Palatinate. 
Sir: — I agree with you that the Palatinate is one of the best countries in the 
world; whose natural fertility and plenty is such, that there is none that recovers 



1454 Ecclesiastical Records 

Itself sooner after a war than it. But affairs at this time are such, that it cannot 
be expected that we should see it in that flourishing condition it was formerly in 
when you saw it in your travels. During the war our hopes to have our condition 
bettered by the peace that should ensue, made us cheerfully suffer, hoping to 
enjoy our estates and religion as formerly when hostilities should cease. But 
our expectation proved vain, for though the war is ended, yet the wild boars are 
ravaging our vineyards. But these blood-thirsty zealots for religion, though they 
differed from us in opinion, yet we suffered them to dwell among us and were 
used kindly, for requital of which kind usage they are now turning us out of our 
houses and churches. Thus those whom we tolerated and protected amongst us, 
are for extirpating and depriving us of that shelter and countenance that we 
afforded them; by which means a new fire is kindled here in the Palatinate, so 
that we Protestants are in as ill a case, as the French Reformed are in France; 
and worse than you were in England under the late King James; in this, that 
you had only the storm hanging over you, but this is fallen on our heads, to the 
extirpating the Protestants, and their religion out of their native country, and 
this is to make way for popery and a crew of indigent Romanists who seek but 
for occasions to profit by the ruin of such of their neighbors that cannot adhere 
to them in their superstition. 

With permission I would here make some reflections how little consonant It is 
to the Prince's secular interest to countenance innovations contrary to the faith 
and practice of his predecessors, by which we may observe that none of the 
Romish persuasion are to be trusted, but they will when opportunity offers itself, 
omit nothing to propagate their religion, to effect which they will wade through 
all diflSculties, though they thereby sacrifice the peace and riches of their country 
and their faith given; so inherent is persecution to popery that to be a Papist and a 
persecutor may be looked upon as controvertible terms that imply the same thing. 

These are those who are for damning all that are not of their opinion, a true 
mark of a bad cause, that dare not trust God to convert souls his way, but assist 
him In his work, will use fire, fagots, dragoons, force, terrors, and all to constrain 
those that differ from them to a compliance; but they consider not that conscience 
cannot be forced, though the will and body may consent and yield to forbid com- 
pliances, yet the conscience will ever bear inward testimony against all such sinful 
consents, let the Imposing be never so dreadful to nature, for we are taught not 
to fear men but him that with the body can destroy the soul also. 

But this is the sad state of those countries that fall into Popish hands who 
suffer themselves to be byassed by a bigotted clergy, by whom they are influenced 
to become unnatural to their subjects and instruments of overturning the estab- 
lished foundation both of church and state. Thus the Popish clergy becomes in a 
commonwealth what vermin are to the fruits of the earth, whom tliey destroy 
and consume and so become the plague of the age and country wherever they get 

The long experience of these truths might open the eyes of sovereigns, and let 
them see the selfishness of these catterpillars. How they devoured the laity? and 
cloaked themselves with the fattest and fairest of their effects. How many fam- 
ilies have been impoverished to enrich Monasteries and Abbeys and Religious 
Societies, who are so many nurseries of pride and Idleness; so that that most 
numerous part of the subjects are become the most useless members of the com- 
monwealth where they reside. 

It were to be wished that princes in this age, as in the times of Reformation 
knew their interest so effectually, as to banish that vermin and as in England 
convert those incomes to better uses; this is it that has made your island so pow- 
erful and wealthy as it is at this day, as also other countries and places where 
church lands are possessed by the laity, whereas in Popish countries the clergy 
possesses one half, in some three parts and in others more; which revenues, if 
otherwise disposed of as in Protestant countries, the prince and people would be 
proportionally rich according to the rest of their Reformed neighbors. But our 
prince, not content to find a country lately fallen to him by inheritance, disposed 
so advantageously for his interest by the constitution of its government, but he 
must bring in innovations and not satisfied to enjoy such a principality as his prede- 
cessors left him, but he must act so prejudiciously to his own interest, and the 

OF THE State of New York. 1455 

reign of his subjects by settling his religion at the cost of what is taken from 
the right owners. It was not so with Charles Louis, the former Elector Falatine, 
who though a Protestant, would not suffer the Protestant ministers, nor indeed 
anj' other of the different persuasions to inveigh one against another, although 
it might be expected that this our prince might have retained a tincture of such 
principles more especially being descended from Protestant offspring. 

But this consideration, hard for the Romish party is this day requited with 
ingratitude. Would to God that our prince would but make reflection on the 
advantage and benefits that did accrue to the son of that prince viz. Charles, 
the last Protestant Elector Palatine. He found the country in a flourishing con- 
dition with a great treasure in monies, all which were marks of his father's pru- 
dence, by which means he was enabled to support his country and protect those 
of different persuasions, that flocked to him from all parts, as they use to do as 
soon as a peace is established, by which means his country was replenished with 
inhabitants, which so long a war had unpeopled and having suitable privileges 
granted them, were thereby encouraged to be inhabitants, and to increase trade. 

Thus the Palatinate was replenished with Inhabitants, the ruined cities rebuilt, 
and new ones erected as Manheim and Fredericksbourg; this effect had toleration 
and that in a short time, for the Protestants had that encouragement that their 
religion was the religion of the country and others were drawn thither by their 
being tolerated and countenanced by public authority, where all flnding pro- 
tection were encouraged to trade and gather riches, since they were assured to 
dwell quietly in the profession of their different persuasions. 

But what encouragement Is there now to live here, where promises are vio- 
lated? The natives that have been frightened from their habitations and scat- 
tered into other countries by the war, dare not now return seeing our prince Is 
for introducing popery and its professors, who being less numerous and rich than 
the Protestants, the end of repeopling and reinstating the country in its former 
glory cannot be expected, for they show to have nothing in view but the violating 
the rights and properties of the Protestants as will appear by this following 

At Heydelberg and Manheim they have built very much, since his Electoral 
Highness hath published a proclamation wherein he promises a freedom of thirty 
years and assures them that their privileges shall not be altered, but that he will 
maintain them all, which did encourage us to carry on our buildings so that the 
work advanced very much; but having since issued another proclamation by which 
the Popish Holy-days are enjoined to be kept through the whole Palatinate and 
that the Protestant burying places shall be common, our buildings are at a stand 
and we see the Romish religion introduced by authority and exercised in our 
churches through the whole palatinate. Also his Electoral Highness has taken from 
us the seven Latin schools with the cloyster and church at Heydelberg, where 
they are erecting cloysters for the Franciscans, Augustines and Capuchins, with 
a seminary for the Jesuits, and are very busy to get into their possession the 
Holy Ghost or Cathedral Church as also the Collegium Sapientiae. As they have 
done with the Cathedral churches at Weinheim and Ladenburg and other places, 
and has taken from the Ecclesiastical Council and the Verwaltmeg their ancient 
privileges and rights and the revenues, liberties and properties and the freedom 
of disposing of their Ecclesiastical Incomes so that the lands, which belong to the 
ministers and the tythes, which make a part of their salary, are given to the 
Roman Catholics, which proceeding cast us Into so great a consternation, that we 
have lost all courage, even our desires are cooled from going on with our buildings. 

When his Electoral Highness came into the Palatinate and chose the castle of 
Weinheim for his residence, he then promised and assured both laity and clergy 
that he would maintain all their privileges, but we find that these were but Popish 
promises, which do afiiict us very much, and the more in that his Electoral High- 
ness refuses to fill up the vacancies in the Ecclesiastical Council, which consists 
at present but of two persons, whereas their number ought to be six, and a presi- 
dent. It is true that he promises to allow the Protestant ministers something 
out of their income for their subsistance, but without doubt, it will be little 


1456 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

At Crentznach the church that stands upon the Egg Market, they converted to 
their own use with the Latin schools, which were thirty years since built at the 
Protestant cost, and were endowed with a subsistance for their ministers and 
schoolmasters, out of the Carmelites revenues, that was secularized by the treaty 
of peace made at Munster, which income they enjoyed ever since before the 
troubles in Bohemia to this time. They detain likewise a fund of one thousand 
Rix dollars made by the Protestants and with it also the interest of the principal, 
Borrowed of the poor's stock, all which they employ to pay Popish schoolmasters 
and for Popish uses. 

It is also forbidden upon pain of death to expound the 80th question iii the Pala- 
tine Catechism, which treats of the difference between the Lord's Supper and 
the Popish mass. At Hackenhefm three quarters of an hour from Crentznach, a 
Roman priest went into the Protestant church and did not only pull the minister 
out of the pulpit, where he was preaching, but beat him out of the church also 
and he and those that were with him handled most barbarously, those of the con- 
gregation who being wounded, were obliged to go out of the church, to have their 
wounds dressed. About a German mile from Crentznach a Roman priest set on 
those who were with him to kill a Protestant barber, because said he, he is a 
Protestant dog, to effect which they knocked him down with their clubs, though 
the poor man begged upon his knees for mercy and his life, they would not grant 
it, but while the wretch was crawling on the ground, they shot him through the 
head with small shot. Notwithstanding all this the murderers go free, nor do 
the magistrates take any notice of it; though he has left a poor widow with five 
small children, who can obtain no justice which seems as if the magistrates ap- 
proved this inhuman murder, seeing those who committed this cruelty were no 
strangers, but the barbers neighbors, and very well known. 

All the houses that belong to Protestant Alms, and Hospitals are taken away 
by force with those belonging to Protestant ministers and schoolmasters, whom 
they molest and disturb in the executing their functions compelling them to de- 
liver up their schools and houses to be employed for Popish uses. Neither will 
they grant that the Protestant clergy be any longer under the Ecclesiastical Coun- 
cil, but will have them wholly to depend and be governed by the Elector's secular 
officers. When one of the parents is a Roman Catholic there the children are 
compelled to embrace the Popish religion though it is both against the parents 
and the children's will; neither are ministers permitted to admit any of them to 
be brought up in their religion upon pain of imprisonment, and fifty Rix dollars 
fine, nor will they suffer any Roman Catholick to turn Protestant. And when the 
Protestants with all submission make complaint, humbly representing how all 
these proceedings tend to their ruin and demonstrate how it is against the peace 
of Munster and those articles of agreement that were made, they answer and 
publish abroad, that the Ecclesiastical Council's orders are against the Elector's 
and country's interest and tend to rebellion and that they assume a despotic 
power against the government which tends to sedition. Also that the Protestant 
ministers were seditious rebels, disturbers of the peace, and as such they im- 
prisoned them, thinking thereby to strike terror into others. To remedy which, 
though complaints be never so submissively made of these their greivances, repre- 
senting also, that through their ministers confinement, people are deprived of their 
teachers and divine service is obstructed, yet they are so far from working any 
good effect, by appeasing these incendiaries, that it animated them rather to pro- 
ceed to make them more uneasie, by quartering on them numbers of the Elector's 
troops, who use them cruelly, living in their houses after a military manner. 
And when some of the parishioners by their superiors complain against such pro- 
ceedings, and crave relief in favour of their ministers, they fall on them in a 
cruel manner, beating them in such sort that they are often taken for dead out 
of their hands: neither does their inhumanity end here, but bloody and wounded 
as they left them, they throw them into prisons where they run the hazard of 
perishing. Moreover they send to quarter upon those complainants dragoons, 
who break their doors and windows, making forcible entries, then turn their 
wives and children out of doors. These crying evils induce the inspectors to 
make complaints to the Deputy Lieutenants against those barbarous proceedings; 
but they receive no other answer, but that the ministers were rebels and therefore 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 145Y 

they ought not to meddle or concern themselves for them, lest they incur them- 
selves his Electoral Highness' displeasure. 

When the poor people, taking the part of their innocent ministers, complain to 
a higher court of these barbarous proceedings, humbly begging a remedy to these 
grievances, they receive fair promises, but never see the effect thereof. Thus the 
suffering party receives no relief and the oppressors are unpunished. But what 
else can be expected, when all the places of trust are put in Popish hands and the 
Protestant natives, though better qualified are not regarded. This is the sad con- 
dition of our country at this time, our troubles have so dejected our countenances 
that death and paleness seem painted there. 

The thoughts of our sorrows are our companions night and day, our bodies are 
bowed down, and our spirits sunk with grief, so that it seems as if we had no 
more life left than to serve us to cry unto God for help. I wish all good Christians 
would joyn with us in this good work. 

Certainly our prince must be our great enemy, for else he could never have 
consented to the oppressions here mentioned and sure nobody would have con- 
demned him, for maintaining the country in statu quo as he found it and is 
obliged thereto according to the constitution of the empire and the solemn assur- 
ances given by his Elector's father to Charles, the last Protestant Elector Pala- 
tine, when he named him his successor, that there should be no alterations made 
in religion. 

Letter II. 

Sir: — Since my last the Elector Palatine has published a Declaration for liberty 
of conscience in the Palatinate, which is mightily cryed up by the Papists, as an 
act of the great moderation of that Prince. The title indeed is very specious and 
may impose upon such as are not acquainted with our constitution; but those who 
are not altogether strangers to it, must needs be convinced, that this very declara- 
tion is a most manifest infraction of the Treaties of Westphalia and calculated 
for the extirpation of the Protestant Religion. This puts me in mind of the dec- 
laration of your late King James, who under the same specious title, aimed at 
the destruction both of your liberty and Religion. Our prince is as much a Bigot 
to Rome, as your abdicated King and as much ruled by his fathers Peters and 
therefore we might reasonably suppose that he has the same designs in view, 
although we should, nor have yet any fact to convince us of his Intentions. 

You know that by the Treaties of Westphalia the Popish religion could not be 
exercised in the Palatinate, unless it was by a toleration of the government, to 
which the Protestant princes seem but too much inclined. All the churches, 
schools, church lands, tythes and other Ecclesiastical Revenues were in the hands 
of Protestants, but by this declaration the churches are to serve equally for the 
use of Papists and Protestants; so that this is as much a violation of our rights, 
as it would have been of yours, if the late King James had caused Mass to be 
sung in Westminster Abbey, for the Papists have no better title to our churches 
than they have to yours. 

Had his Electoral Highness been contented to give the Papists leave to exercise 
openly their religion and even to build churches for themselves, we might be 
silent, though this would be against our privileges; but to presume to give 'em our 
churches and our Ecclesiastical incomes under pretence of liberty of conscience, 
is such an injustice that I must return again to your late King, to find any parallel 
to match it. 

I have told you in my former, how they have taken away our schools and col- 
leges and given the same to Popish priests, though some of them were so lately 
founded and endowed, that they could not have impudence enough to pretend 
that they did formerly belong to the Papists; I must now give you some particu- 
lars to show the effects of this liberty of conscience and how it is observed. 

The Elector has taken away all the tythes and other incomes for the mainte- 
nance of our clergy and bestowed the same upon Romish priests; but to give some 
compensation to the Protestant clergy, he is graciously pleased yearly to allow 
each minister one hundred guilders, which is hardly fifteen pounds sterling, twenty 
sacks of corn and one fudder of wine. This subsistence being so small, that it 




1458 Ecclesiastical Records 

is impossible for them to subsist on it, no doubt but they expect that the said 
ministers will quit their employment for want of a livelihood and that the flock 
being left without a shepherd will be either dispersed or easily seduced. A rare 
and precious liberty of conscience, which deserveth our immortal thanks! 

The very sound of the title of a declaration for liberty of conscience must needs 
determine any impartial man to believe, that thereby the Electoral Highness 
intends that all his subjects shall have an entire liberty to embrace and profess 
what religion they please, at least of the three that are tolerated in the empire, 
as it is therein verbatim expressed; but it is not to be wondered at that such 
who pretend that we must not hearken to the evidence of our senses and reason, 
should pretend to change the genuine significance of words as you may see in 
the following particulars. 

A certain woman at Seekenheim near Ladenburg married to a Papist husband, 
having however, brought up in the Protestant Religion, her daughter, desired the 
minister of the place to admit her to the participation of the Lord's Supper, being 
in the age required by the discipline of our churches, which the minister did 
without any manner of scruple. This proceeding was doubtless very innocent and 
justifiable by all divine and human laws, but it has seemed so great a crime to 
the Papists, that the poor minister was taken up, committed close prisoner, and 
fined two hundred florins. Would any man think afterward that we enjoy a 
free liberty of conscience. 

An inhabitant of Wiselock, a Papist by birth and profession, but a more honest 
man than the generality of his persuasion, marry'd sometime ago a Protestant 
wife and it was agreed and covenanted between them that the children should 
be christened and brought up in the Protestant religion. His wife being brought 
to be of a male child, he, according to his promise, got him christened by the 
Protestant minister of his parish; which so incensed the Popish clergy, that they 
got an order to carry him to Heidelbergh, where he has been kept close prisoner 
and very severely used and forced to pay a fine of fifty florins to come out. 

I could bring you a hundred instances more of the like nature and of persons 
now in prisons for having again embraced the Protestant religion which they 
had been forced to feign to quit, by the violent persecutions of the French; but 
I am afraid to tire your patience and therefore I come now to the conclusion of 
my letter, wherein I beg leave to examine in few words the pretence of these 
violeut persecutions, to show that it is the most groundless and unjust that 
ever was. 

The first pretence and which was at first mightily insisted upon, is the fourth 
article of the Treaty of Reswick, which was chiefly the work of the Baron de 
Zeiler, a famous Renegado, in conjunction with the ministers of France. But not- 
withstanding what they may say, that clause can never justifle the violent pro- 
ceedings of his Electoral Highness; for, taking that article in the largest sense 
that can possibly be given to it, it implys no more, but that the Roman Catholics 
should remain in tlie possession of those privileges they were possessed of at the 
conclusion of the peace, in those countries which were to be restored by the French 
to the empire. Now the Palatinate, I mean that part which lies on the right 
side of the Rhine being not then in possession of the French and some part of 
it having never been in their hands, it is plain that the so much spoken of clause 
cannot justify any ways the innovations lately made in the Palatinate, which 
consequently are in infraction of the Treaty of Munster. 

Neither is the Treaty of Reswick more religiousl.v observed than the former, 
when it seems to favor us; for that very fourth article, which serves to excuse 
their persecution on this side of tlie Rhine, is openly violated on the other side 
of the river, where the Protestants would be contented to enjoy the same liberty 
they had under the French, and which was secured to them by the fourth article 
of the peace. Sure this is the most unaccountable thing I ever heard of, and 
which would put to the blush any man but a Papist. The Protestants must be 
deprived of their liberty about Heidelberg by virtue of a clause in the Treaty of 
Peace, which ought to have no force in these parts, by the reasons aforesaid, and 
they cannot enjoy their liberty on the other side of the Rhine, notwithstanding 
that aricle secures it unto them. Who would have thought that the Jesuits of 
Dusseldorp could exceed in wit or malice those of France? 

OF THE State of New York. 1459 

The French King has not as j^et openly violated the late Treaty of Peace in 
matters of religion, for the Protestants in Strassburgh and elsewhere In Alsace, 
have the same liberty they had during the war; but our case is very different, 
as I have already told you, and it seems our prince's zeal is above that of the 
French King. 

Having given you an account of their proceedings, and confuted the groundless 
justification thereof, I must acquaint you with the measures we have taken in this 
«ad juncture. 

We applied ourselves first of all to his Electoral Highness, as it was our duty, 
and humbly represented the violent proceedings of his ofiQcers against us, praying 
the redress of these grievances. Our representation was as submissive and re- 
spectful as could be, but however -we could obtain no justice and our Depu- 
ties were so brow-beaten and threatened that they did not think safe to 
insist any longer for an answer and returned home without any success. Seeing 
therefore that the ears of our prince were shut up against our past complaints 
we applied ourselves to several German princes of our persuasion and desired that 
they would be pleased to intercede for us and move at the Dyet of the Empire 
that the Innovations made in the Palatinate might be considered. They granted 
our request and accordingly a memorial was delivered at Ratlsbonne to the Depu- 
ties of the Catholic princes, containing that the proceedings of the Elector Palati- 
Date were a manifest infraction of the Treaty of Munster and that they might 
prove so fatal to the tranquility of the empire, that it was highly necessary to 
enquire into that affair, and put a stop to these innovations. This memorial was 
communicated to the deputy of the Elector, who desired time to send it to his 
master and promised to return an answer with all convenient speed. 

It was sent accordingly to Dusseldorp and examined by the council of his Elec- 
toral Highness wherein it was resolved that the minister of the Elector should give 
no particular answer to that memorial but only tell the Dyet in general terms, that 
his Electoral Highness was surprised that his subjects should make such groundless 
complaints; that they could proceed but from a spirit of rebellion and that there- 
fore he would watch more narrowly their actions, and punish them according to 
their demerits, praying the Dyet not to concern themselves in this affair. 

Could you Sir have expected such an answer from a prince, who owes so much 
to the Protestants and who would have been at this day a titular Elector had 
not the Protestant princes restored him to his Electorate? 

This is a piece of gratitude not to be paralleled, which showeth the true char- 
acter of a Papist and their hellish designs against our religion. This I think 
suflBcient, Sir, to give you a true idea of our sad case, which may serve as a warn- 
ing to all Protestants never to trust a Popish prince, for impose upon him as many 
oaths as you please, bind them by their interest, these precautions will serve 
for nothing at all, the pope will absolve them from their oaths and the Jesuits 
will so bewitch them, as to make them act quite contrary to their honor and in- 
terest. Happy and thrice happy England, to be free from such blgotted princes; 
and that you may be sensible of and enjoy your present felicity, will always 
be the prayers of, 

Tours etc. 

Heidelberg, Feb. 7, 1699. 

P. S. I have forgot to tell you that several persons were taken up and are still 
kept in prison, for refusing to admit the new stile and to observe the Holy Days 
of the Popish church, in honour of certain saints, who, for ought we know, had 
never any real being in the world as their St. Lougin etc., and of others, who were 
debauched and profligate fellows, or cruel murtherers of Innocent people, as their 
Dominic's and Loyola's. The Elector finding that a great number of his subjects 
are quitting their country, has sent for several thousands of vagabonds from the 
countries of Liege and Brabant, worse than your Irish bog-trotters, to inhabit this 
country, so that it is like to be peopled with a hopeful generation. 




1460 Ecclesiastical Records 

Church of j^ew York. 

Friday, Feb. 21, 1700-1. (lYOl). 
'New Poor House. 

Consistory met, including Ministers, Elders, Deacons and 
Churcli Masters. 

After prayer, it was stated by the Church Masters that the 

ground of , with its buildings, was for sale, and 

that it would be very useful to our church, to the point for en- 
larging the churchyard, and the rest for a site for an alms-house. 
Although this was approved by the members present, it was 

Eesolved, That the advice of the former Elders and Deacons 
should be asked, since, in order to make the payment, the present 
alms-house must be sold; and that was a matter requiring con- 

Hereupon there was — Lib. B. 27. 

Action of Great Consistory on IsTew Poor House. 

The following Monday, Feb. 24, 1700-1 (1701), a meetmg of 
Ministers, Elders, Deacons, Church Masters, and the former Eld- 
ers and Deacons, was held. 

The foregoing statement was repeated and maturely consid- 
ered, and the advice of the former Elders and Deacons, who were 
present, taken thereon. As they agreed with the acting Con- 
sistory, it was concluded and determined b;^ those present, viz., 

Deciding Votes. Advisory Votes. 

C Do. Grualterus Du Bois Former Elders. — Boele Roelofszen 

I William Beekman Former Deacons — Peter de Riemer 

Elders. J Capt. John De Peyster Carstal Leursze 

1 I Mr. Isaac de Riemer Dirk ten Eyck 

I Jacob Boelen Mr. Nich, Roosevelt 

r Jacobus Goelet Isaac Kip 

Deacons. J Mr. Samuel Staats Isaac de Peyster 

I Gerrit Duike Mr. David Provoost 


r Jacob Boele 

J Isaac De Peyster 
Masters. ] ^ j . tt 

Lendert Huyge 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1461 


that the building and ground of the said should be 

bought, if it could be had for a reasonable price; and also that 

the present alms-house and its grounds should be sold to pay for 

the other. 

The following were deputed to talk and to deal with the said 

; viz., 

Of the Euling Deacons. Of the Church Masters. 

Jacobus Goelet Jacob Boele 

Gerrit Duike Lendert Huige 

and they have requested me, Do. G. Du Bois, p. t. scriba, to bring 

in a report of their transactions, since Do. Selyns, otherwise now 

the Praeses, is sick. 

— Lib. B. 27. 

Purchase of Ground for New Poor House. 

Wednesday, Peb. 26, 1700-1. (1701). 

(Otherwise, however, the ordinary time of Consistory meeting, 
since on the following Sunday, the Lord's Supper is to be admin- 

Consistory met ; Ministers, Euling Elders, Deacons and Church 
Masters. The meeting was opened with prayer. 

1. The committee made report of what they had done with 
Jan Pieterze Meet (alias Jan Tawbour); namely, that they had 
bought his house and ground, according to his deed, with the 
lease, which he, Jan Pieterze Meet had made to the man who now 
dwells there, with full power to give possession; and that the price 
was one hundred and forty pounds, New York money; the whole 
sum to be paid in five years, with the yearly interest of twelve 
pounds, to begin on the first of May, 1701; or the entire amount 
may be paid at once, with deduction, of the interest. 

N. B. The lot lies bordering on the Wall, to the east of the 
house of Jacoby de Draaier; to the west of that of Jan Otto van 
Tuil, and to the north of the ground of the church. 

1462 Ecclesiastical Records 


2. Farther, it is unanimously Eesolved, That to pay for the 

foregoing purchase, the present alms-house should be sold — to 

be offered and sold in such manner as the Deacons and Church 

Masters shall approve. 

Members present. — Do. Gual. Du Bois 

f John de Peyster . { Jacobus Goelet 

Elders. -I Jacob Boele -r^ Albatius Ringo 

I Isaac de Riemer ' | Samuel Staats 

[ Gerrit Duike 
f Jacob Boele, 
Church Masters. -{ Isaac de Peyster, 
[ Leendert Huige. 

— Lib. B. 28, 29. 

Church of jSTew York. 


March IT, 1701. 

In Great Consistory, consisting of former Elders and Deacons, 
with the Ruling Elders and Deacons and Church Masters. After 
invoking God's name. Resolved, That so much of the ground 
around the church as is necessary shall be used for burying the 
dead, and that, at half the price which men give for a grave in 
the church; and that for this, permission shall be asked of the 
City, if such a course is deemed proper. 

Old Poor House to be Sold. 

Same day, March 17. 

After prayer. Resolved by the Ruling Elders and Deacons that 
since the present Poor House is daily becoming more dilapidated, 
and can no longer be occupied by the poor without continual and 
excessive repairs, it shall be sold by the Deacons to the highest 
bidder at the first opportunity. — Lib. B. 29. 

OF THE State of New York. 1463 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

A Letter to the Consistory of 'New York, and to My lord 
Bellomont. ' 

1701, April 1st. 

The Deputati ad res Exteras report that the consistory of New 
York and also My lord Bellomont were written to according to 
the contents of the preceding acta. ix. 7. 

Town Decision About Assessment to Build a Presbyterian 
Church at Jamaica, L. I. 

1701, April 15. 
[1690, I'own votes to tax for said Church, etc.] 

1701, April 15 & 28. " Whereas, There have been several differences had, 
moven, and depea^ing, within the town of Jamaica,* concerning the building a 
meeting-house or church within said town; and also the accounts, demands and 
charges thereunto appertaining, which, with all controversies anyway relating 
thereto, being this 15th day of April, 1701, mutually referred to us by the parties 

* " Jamaica was settled by Presbyterians." Before Mr. Denton left Hempstead 
the church was troubled with sharp contentions between the Independents and 
Presbyterians. In 1657 Gov. Stuyvesant visited Hempstead, and used his influence, 
to persuade Mr. Denton to continue his ministry there, his own church affinities 
inclining him to favor the Presbyterian form of government. But the troubles 
increasing, Mr. Denton left, and the Independents gaining the control, had a stated 
supply for a number of years. Then, through these continued dissensions, the 
large increase of Quakerism, and the establishment of Episcopacy under the Eng- 
lish rule, the Presbyterian Church gradually declined, and passed out of sight as 
an organized body. The Rev. Mr. Jenny writes, September 1729, "A few Presby- 
terians at Hempstead hare an unordained minister to officiate for them, whom they 
could not support were it not for the assistance they receive from their brethren 
in the neighboring parish of Jamaica." 

This is the latest mention made of the existence of any Presbyterian church at 
Hempstead till after the lapse of many years, when the present flourishing church 
was organized. 

But the Presbyterian church planted by the hand of Richard Denton has never 
ceased to bear fruit. Two sons of Mr. Denton, Nathaniel and Daniel, with a num- 
ber of their Presbyterian bnethren, formed a colony, and on the 21st of March, 
1656, purchased from the Indians a large tract of land, now included in the village 
and town of Jamaica. They immediately established religious worship. In a 
memorial of the inhabitants of Jamaica, signed by Nathaniel Denton and others, 
addressed to Governor Hunter, we find the following statement: " This town of 
Jamaica, in the year 1656, was purchased from the Indian natives by divers per- 
sons, Protestants, dissenters in the manner of worship, from the forms used in the 
Church of England, who have called a minister of our own profession to officiate 
among them, who continued so to do during the time of the Dutch government." 

This clearly indicates that they had preaching service from their first settlement 
in the town, and consequently the origin of the church at Jamaica dates back to 
1656. They then took measures for the erection of a parsonage, as the following 
extract shows. December 20, 1662, a committee was appointed to " make ye rates 
for ye minister's house, and transporting ye minister." The exact date of the Rev. 
Zacariah Walker's call is not given, but on March 2nd 1663, the parsonage was as- 
signed to him and his heirs. From this date to the present day there is a clear 
record of every minister who has served the church, together with the time of 
their service. George Mc. Nish, the eighth pastor, was one of the original members 
of the mother Presbytery of Philadelphia. That this church has always been a 
Presbyterian church there seems no room for doubt. It is so denominated in all 
the records where it is named. It has had a bench of ruling elders from time 
immemorial. November 2oth 1770, it was voted to continue Mr. John Hobert 
among us in the work of the ministry, provided that he be ordained " according 



1464 Ecclesiastical Records 

on behalf of themselves and others concerned; we, hearing both parties, do give 
our award as follows: 

" That William Creed and Robert Reade, and all those of the west of Jamaica, 
that is, the Dutchmen, viz: Frederick Hendricksen, John Oakey, Hendrick Lott, 
Theodorus Polhemus and Eldert Lucas, who have not perfectly and wholly paid 
their r^tes assessed for building the church or meeting-house, shall pay their 
parts- unpaid, within two weeks, and acquit each other of all former controversies: 
and we desire that they may amicably agree and live in love together." — Town 
Records, ii. 360. 

" Know all men by these presents, that we, Daniel Whitehead, Joseph Smith, 
Edward Burroughs, and Jonas Wood, Esquires, have received this 28th of April, 
1701, of William Creed, Robert Reade, and all the Dutchmen living westward of 
the town of Jamaica, full satisfaction and payment for building of the church 
lately built in said town. Therefore we discharge and acquit them and their heirs, 
forever, according to the award." — See Onderdonk's Jamaica, 6. 

to ye Rule & way of the Presbyterian way, & it is the unanimous mind of the 
towne that he be ordained Accordingly." 

Richard Denton was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1586. He graduated at 
Cambridge University in 1623, and then for seven years was the Presbyterian 
Minister of Coley Chapel, parish of Halifax, in the northern part of England. 
By the intolerant spirit of the times which led to the Act of Uniformity, he felt 
compelled to relinquish his charge, and to emigrate to America. This was prob- 
ably, about 1630, and in company with John Winthrop and Sir Richard Salton- 
stall. The Rev. Mr. Alford speaking of the first settlers of Hempstead, says, 
" They were among the earliest inhabitants of New England, coming, as we have 
seen, through Wethersfield, from Watertown, in Massachusetts, and from that 
noted company who arrived with John Winthrop and Sir Richard Saltonstall." 
Mr. Denton first came from Watertown. Mass.; then in 163.5, he commenced the 
settlement of Wethersfield; and in 1741 his name appears among the early settlers 
of Stamford; and then in 1644 he is recorded as one of the original proprietors 
of Hempstead, L. I. A part of his flock accompanied him from England, and 
also settled with him as their pastor; the descendants of some of them remaining 
there to the present day. Thus a Presbyterian Church was established in Hemp- 
stead, L. I., in 1644. But if. as indicated above, a colony of Presbyterians came 
with him from the old country and followed him till their final settlement on Long 
Island, he, a Presbyterian Minister, with a Presbyterian colony, the inference can 
scarcely admit of a doubt that he preached to a Presbyterian Congregation from 
their first arrival in 1630, till their permanent settlement on the Island. Mr. Den- 
ton served the Church till 1659, when he returned to England, and spent the 
latter part of his life in Essex, where he died in 1662, aged seventy-six years. 

Mr. Denton had a mind of more than ordinary gifts and attainments. He was 
from the very first noted as a man of " leading influence." Rev. Mr. Heywood, 
his successor in office at Halifax, speaks of him as a " good minister of Jesus 
Christ, and affluent in his worldly circumstances." In a report of the Church 
of New Netherlands in 16.57 Revs. John Megapolensis and Drisius to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, occurs the following passage, "At Hempstead about seven Dutch 
miles from here, there are some Independents; also many of our persuasion and 
Presbyterians. They have also a Presbyterian preacher, named Richard Denton, 
an honest, pious and learned man." 

Gov. Stuyvesant in his letter to the people of Hempstead, under date of July 
29th 1657 savs, "About the continuance of Mr. Denton among you we shall use 
all endeavors' we can." Cotton Mather speaks of hinh as " our pious and learned 
Mr Denton, a Yorkshire man who, having watered Halifax, in England, with his 
fruitful ministry was bv a tempest, hurled into New England, where his doctrine 
dropped like the rain. Though he were a little man, yet had a great soul. His 
well accomplished mind was an Illiad in a nut shell. He wrote a system, entitled 
" Soliloquia Sacra." so accurately describing the fourfold state of man that ju- 
dicious persons who have seen it very much lament the church's being deprived 

In 1702 there were more than a hundred families, noted for their intelligent 
pietv and christian deportment. They had a stone church worth six hundred 
pounds, and a parsonage with a glebe consisting of an orchard and two hundred 
acres of land valued at fifteen hundred pounds. Besides being the mother of 
other churches in the vicinitv, it contributed families to build up the First Pres- 
byterian Church in New York City, and subsequently Rutgers Street Church; also 
the founding of Elizabeth City, and largely the Presbyterian Church of Hopewell, 
N J Sources of information: Thompson's Hist, of L. I.. Woodbridge s Hi^. 
Discourse, Onderdonk's Antiquities of Queens Co.. Macdonald's Ch. Hist^ N. Y. 
State Doc Hist.. Moore's Barlv Hist, of Hempstead, Jamaica Town Records, 
Nevins' Encvc. of Presbvterianism, Articles by Rev. Dr. Peter D. Oakey. 

OF THE State of ^STew York. 1465 

Albany City Recoeds. 

Kev. John Lydius vs. Peter Bogardus. 

May 6th. 1701. 

Mr. Joh. Lydius, minister, Anthony van Schaik, Elder, and Harpt. Jaeobse, 
Dyalien of ye Dutch Reformed Church of Albany, make application to the Common- 
alty by Complaint against Pr. Bogardus that he is about Infencing a certain Lott 
of grounde Situate, Lying and being in ye great pasture of ye southwards of ye 
said Citty, Belonging to ye Churchwardens, and in possession to which Lott they 
Owne a pretence. Desyreing ye Gent'n in Common Council to be aiding and as- 
sisting to them in ye premises, that ye further infencing may be stopt till ye 
arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who is supposed can give some information relateing 
said lott. Ye Gent'n in Common Councill have taken ye request in Consideration, 
and sent for Mr. Bogardus, desyreing him to forbear fencing four or five days till 
Maj. "Wessels arrives, but fyndeing unwilling to allow said days, are unanimously 
of opinion that said lott of grounds shall be no further Infenced till next Satur- 
day, or the arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who Emmediately shall be sent for. — 
Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. iv. pp. 128-9. 

May 10, 1701. 

Pursuant to ye Resolution of ye Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and assistants in 
Common Council on ye 6th of May now instant, Maj. D. Wessels, Anthony van 
Schaik and Hendrik van Rensselaer, Elders in ye Behalfe of ye Churchwardens 
of ye Reformed Nether-dutch Congregation, doe appear and complain against 
Peter Bogardus about Infencing a certain parcel of pasture grounds situate, lyeing 
and being to ye southwards of this Citty, on the other side of ye Beavers Creek In 
ye great pasture belonging to said Churchwardens, as by their transport made 
over by Domine Godefridus Dellius on ye 31st of July 1690, viz. 

Imprimis, The said Mr. Wessels saith that in the year 1686, in July, before 
ye Charter -was obtained, John Johnson Bleeker, ye said Wessels and Levinus van 
Schaick, then Magistrates, were in behalfe of ye Court appointed to Enquire by 
ye severall Inhabitants who had Letts of grounds in the great Pasture aforesaid, 
among whom they came to Deritie widow of Volkert Janse and Geertruy widow 
of Jan Thomase to Desist their title of their Certain Parcell of pasture Land, 
(being that as aforementioned) whereupon ye said Geertruy proposed if the magis- 
trates would procure a graunt from the governor, Thomas Dongan, for a peece 
of Land somewhere else at their own costs, upon which ye said magistrates went 
to ye Governor, who gave consent to a grant for any piece of vacant land in ye 
government to which ye said Geertruy replyed to Enquire for ye same, and so 
parted as by ye memorandum thereof, written by said Mr. Wessels, doth more at 
large appear by ye Deakens. 

2ndly. That since ye magistrates having with Deritie ye widow of Volkert 
Janse and Geertruy widow of Jan Thomase upon account of said parcell of pasture 
grounde to whom it lately belonged, discounted to each of them ye summe of one 
pound sixteen shillings Currant Money, on ye 7th of Sept., 1691, as by ye Cittyes 
book held by ye late Treasurer, John Becker, doth appear, therefore desyreing of 
ye Gent'n In Common Councill to maintain what was formerly transported by 
their Predecessors, and since said Great pasture is lett to hyre until November 
next, that ye Gent'n will be pleased to prevent ye further Infencing of said Bogar- 
dus until such persons from whom he bought said Pasture ground doe punctually 
performe there conveyance, and further alledging that this Commonality is to 
defend the premises. 

Whereupon said Pr. Bogardus doth Demonstrate a certaine Conveyance concern- 
ing said Pasture grounde made over to him by ye aforementioned widow, bearing 
date ye 1st day of March, 1699/1700, together with a Certification and Consent 
on ye backside thereof, signed and sealed by Jonas Dow, eldest son of said Geertruy, 
dated ye 18th of February, one thousand seven hundred and one. Witnesses, 
Thomas Williams and Laurence van Alle. Whereby said Pr. Bogardus pretends to 
Infence ye same. 



1466 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

The Gentlemen In Common Counclll are unanimously of opinion that such per- 
sons as have conveyed said pasture grounds to said Bogardus are to make ye same 
good unto him ye said Bogardus. In ye meantime ye said Bogardus is not to pro- 
ceed Infeneeing as aforementioned. — Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. iv. pp. 131, 

Col, Smith, President of the Council of !N^ew York, to the 

Lords of Trade. 

Missions to the Mohawks. 

1701, May 10. 

I must also observe to your Lorship's that the French since the last peace have 
Industriously endeavored to debauch our Indians, to their interest and have (as I 
am informed) prevailed with many of them; some reasons of which I find the late 
Governour had been pleased to represent to your Lordships. What further I could 
be informed of, is the taking from them a Minister, who had with great pains and 
care instructed them in the Christian Reformed Religion and of whom they had 
a great good opinion; whose want, though several times represented to them, hath 
not hitherto been supplied. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 867. 

Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade. 

Missions to the Mohawks. 

1701, May 13. 

The Five Nations have received such impressions of the Christian Religion that 
if ministers were planted amongst them to convert them to the Christian faith, It 
would be of great advantage to his Majesty's plantations, not only in securing 
those Indians friendship, but also to be a checque and discouragemant to the 
French emissaries, who frequently visit those nations and endeavor to corrupt their 
affections from the English, and makes ill impressions in their mind, to the ap- 
parent prejudice of our trade, since the French by their false reports have poysoned 
our Indians, insomuch as to make them believe that we have no love for them, 
but will leave them a prey. I am humbly of opinion that it will be absolutely 
necessary for the King's service that all the passes between the French and them 
be secured, and forts built in suitable places for the security of their trade, and 
the preventing the French from any longer deluding or trading with them; for it 
is equally reasonable that we should secure the trade of our Indians to our selves, 
as the French do theirs, and even use the same methods of force for the effecting 
of it. Those forts being built at proper places, will for ever prevent the French 
from making any descent upon them.^ — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 872. 

My Lords, 'twill be necessary that every fort hare a Chaplain in it who may like- 
wise instruct the Indians in the Christian Religion as your Lordships do well ap- 
prove. — Ditto, 875. 

Extracts from Journal of Messrs. Bleeker and Schuyler's 
Visit to Onondaga. 

Catholic vs. Protestant Missionaries. 

1701, June 2. 

Dekanissore came and told us that they were much confused in their meeting 
and extremely divided; some will have a priest on the one side of the Castle, and 

OF THE State of iSTew York. 1467 

a Minister on the other side, and ask our advice. Wee told him to take no priest 
into the country if they were minded to live peacably, for they would then have 
a Traytor always in their land. Tour Brother Corlear will never be able to speak 
a word to you but the Governor of Canada will know it. On the other side, you may 
be assured that Corlear the Governour of New York will never suffer it, so long 
as sun and moon endures; how are you soe discomfited and affrighted? doe you 
not see how the French creep and cringe to you with beads and shirts to make 
friends with you? would he doe soe if he had any ill design; be not affraid of 
the French, speake like men and behave yourselves like soldiers, for which you 
have always been famous. — 

Dekanissore replyed, wee are affraid the French will warr again upon us, and 
what can we doe then, poor people; for all them that he pronounces dead are cer- 
tainly dead; wee have found it soe by experience, as also our Brethren the Ma- 
quases; and if we comply not to what he will have us, wee fear he will come again 
and kill us. Wee answered: 


You talk of nobody but Onnondio, the Governor of Canada; or doe you think that 
your Brother Corlear cannot be angry likewise? he has tendered you first a 
Protestant Minister and would you now take a Popish priest? That would render 
you ridiculous. Wee admire (wonder) that you are soe affraid of the French, when 
there is no cause; when you can support your reputation; can you not see that the 
French are in want? how are you so brutish and stupid? I was at Canada this 
spring, and see their scarcity of provisions, and wherewith would they goe to warr? 
be not afraid, speak like men; neither dare the Governour of Canada make warr 
upon you before there is a warr between the two Kings at home, and if that hap- 
pened, the Brethren would see what care our King would take of you. 

Dekanissore Replys and said: 

Itt was concluded in our covenant, that he that toucheth one, all the rest would 
resent itt; butt wee found itt otherwise by experience; when the French came and 
destroyed our Country and the Maquase, wee gave you seasonable warning, but 
gott no assistance, and that makes us affraid what to doe; — About ten o'clock att 
night Dekanissore came to us again, and told us they were still divided in their 
opinions, and that he had not slept in two nights, and prayed our Council what 
to doe; wee told him to keep the priest out of the Country, to keep their land free 
and clear, and not to fear. 

The 22nd June 1701. Dekanissore speaks and said: — 

Wee are desired by both parties to turn Christians; In the first place by a belt 
given us in this house by Coll. Peter Schuyler Queder, and Mr. Livingston secretary; 
and then another belt sent by the Governor of Canada; wee see the both belts hang- 
ing in these Courte house. 

The French being present and all the Five Nations they said — 
Brother Corlear and Governour of Canada. 

You both tell us to be Christians; you both make us madd; wee know not what 
side to choose; but I will speak no more of praying, or Christianity, and take the 
belts down and keep them, because you are both to dear with your goods; I would 
have accepted of his belt who sold the cheapest pennyworth; would you have me 
put on a bear skin to goe to church withall a Sundays? wee are sorry wee cannot 
pray; but now we are come to this conclusion; those that sells their goods 
cheapest, whether English or French, of them will we have a Minister; our Sa- 
chims are going, some to Albany, some to Canada; in the meantime we will con- 
sider itt till winter — 

Wee believe the Christians are minded to warr again, because the Priest is soe 
earnest that wee should be newter and sitt still; and wee tell you wee will hold 
fast to the peace; and if there be any breach, itt will be your fault not ours. You 




must hear us speake before you engage iu warr again; and theu gave a belt of 
Wampum to us, and another to the French — 

When Dekanissore had made an end of his proposition, he told us he would not 
goe to Canada, (as he had once designed), because he could not get his requests 
granted of having goods cheap; what pains he took was not for his private gaine, 
but for the good of all the Five Nations; and those that gave the last pennyworths, 
them they would love best. 

The 23rd June. All the Sachims of the Five Nations being convened together, 
called us and said, Corlaer, hearken to what wee are now going to tell you what 
happened in our hunting with the Waganhaes or Farr Indians; wee have made 
peace with four of their nations, and wee gott some skins from the Waganhaes, 
which is a signe of peace; and told us further they would conceale nothing from 
us but wee would know whatever thing happened in their Country — this is all 
interpreted by Lawrence Claese the Interpreter. 

Signed Johannes Bleeker, Jr. 

David Schuyler. 
Translated out of the Dutch by me 

(signed.) Robert Livingston, 

Secretary to the Indian affares. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 893-4. 

24th June 1701. Now follows what happened att Onondage after Captain Bleek- 
ers departure to Oneyde. 

The house being mett, Dekanissore said he believed, when the Sachims would 
come to Canada, the Governour would insist upon that point, to have a Jesuit in 
their Country; and if he does, soe, what shall wee doe. David Schuyler replyed 
that they should never agree to that; that they were assured our Governor would 
never suffer that, soe long as the sun and moon endured; he believed the Sachims 
would grant itt notwithstanding because they feared the French. — 

David Schuyler. 
Lawrence Claese. 
Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 894. 

Extract from Charter of the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

June 16, 1701. 
The Anglican Church in America. 

This Society was chartered by William III, June 16, 1701. Its objects were, 
first, to provide a maintenance for an orthodox clergy in the plantations, colonies 
and factories of Great Britain, beyond the seas; for the instruction of the King's 
loving subjects in the Christian Religion; and secondly, to make such other pro- 
vision as was necessary for the propagation of the Gospel In those parts. Among 
the corporators, ex officio, were, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York; the 
Bishops of London, Ely, Glouchester, Chichester, Bath and Wells, and Bangor; the 
Deans of Westminster and St. Paul's; the Regius and Margaret Professors of the 
two Universities of Oxford and Cambridge; and besides these ex officio members, 
many clergy and laymen. This Society helped to support many of the early Epis- 
copal ministers in America, and provided for missionary work among the Indians 
and Negroes. 

This Charter may be found in Hawkins Missions, 415-421. — Hist, of Origin of 
this Society, Hawkins, 1-16.— Classified Digest of Minutes of 1701-1894: Pubd. 1894. 
—See also Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 591, 598, 698; Anderson's Col. Church, ii. 751.— 
American Church Hist. Series, viii. 126. Regents' Bulletin. N. Y. 1893, 216. 

OF THE State of New York. 1469 

Albany City Records. Property of Dutch Church, Albany, 


Att a Meeting of ye Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance in ye Citty Hall of Albany 
the 1st of July, 1701. 

It is concluded by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality that in Pursuant of ye 
severall Requests unto them made by ye Minister, Elders and Dyakens of ye Re- 
formed Nether Dutch Congregation how that ye Church of Albany here in this 
Citty in ye first warde in ye Jonncker street, by severall of the members of said 
Congregation was built and erected at there owne proper Costs and Charges Ao. 
1656 and 1657, and by ye Commonality is obtained in there Charter graunted by 
ye late Gov. Thomas Dongan, on ye 22nd of July, 1686, they being therefore desy- 
reous that ye same be released to them and there successors forever, together 
with a warrantie. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have therefore for diverse Causes and 
other lawful Considerations them thereunto moving, appointed Mr. Wessel ten 
Broek, Mr. Joh. Cuyler, Mr. Johannis Roseboom, aldermen; Jacob Turke, Lykas 
Gerritse and Joh. Harmense, assistance, to see a Lawfull Release Drawne in 
Writteing, to the Minister, Elders and Deakens and there successors, in trust of 
ye said Nether Dutch Congregation forever, inserteing ye Breath and Lenth of 
said Church, with an addition of four and twenty foot on ye west, and fifteen foot 
lenth on ye east end, and as broad as the Church is, and ordered that ye same 
shall forthwith be measured by Hend. Ooothout, ye sworne Surveyor, who is to 
return ye same under hand and seale, and to be recorded accordingly. — Munsell's 
Annals of Albany, Vol. iv. p. 137. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 23rd of July, 1701. 


July 31. — This day the Release or Conveyance of ye Church of Albany (which 
on ye first of this instant was appointed to be drawne), is produced. The same 
after being perused is signed, sealed and delivered by John Johnson Bleeker, Esq., 
Mayor of this Citty, by and with advice and consent of the Aldermen and Common 
Council to Mr. Joh. Lydius, Minister of ye Gospel of ye Reformed Nether Dutch 
Churcii Congregation of ye Citty of Albany, Maj. Dirk Wessels, Anthony van 
Schaik, Hend. v. Rensselaer, and Johannis Abeel, present Elders, and William 
Claese Groesbeek, Harpert Jacobse, Gerrit van Ness, & Johannis Schuyler, present 
Dyakens of ye saiTi Congregation and there successors forever. — Munsell's Annals 
of Albany, Vol. iv. pp. 138, 139. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Dutch Ministers in J^ew York, 
July 18, 1701. xxviii. 4. Referred to, xxi. 420. 

To the Reverend, Godly, Highly Learned Gentlemen, the Pastors 
of the Reformed Dutch Church in (the Province of) New 
Reverend Sirs and Brethren: — The Classical Assembly takes 

pleasure in the wisdom manifested by you both in the promotion 


1470 Ecclesiastical Records 

of the Rev. Lydins to his lawful place, and in the suspension of 
your approbation of the call of Rev. Freerman* to Schenectady. 
The Classis, however, regards it as unprofitable that the latter 
circumstance should remain in such condition that one of your 
churches should have separated from your communion, and tliat 
her pastor and Consistory should have become independent. She 
therefore requests that you will, as far as possible, direct the 
matter thus: that the Schenectady people make out a regular 
form of call upon Rev. Freerman, and allow you and the other 
brethren belonging to the Body of your church to approve it in 
your own way; and that they then send it hither that the Classis may 
give their approbation to the same. Also that Rev. Treerman, 
at the same time, shall write a letter to Rev. Classis, in which, 
having accepted the call, he shall give notice of his desire to be 
received into your fellowship, and become united with our Classis. 
To that end he must also request our Classis, having approved 
the call, to be pleased to enroll his name among the number of 
those, who, as pastors belonging to our Classis, have signed the 
Formula of Unity in our book. He is then to regard this the 
same as if he himself had been present and subscribed his name 
thereto. The Rev. Classis, which indeed seeks nothing in your 
churches but the unity of the faith in the bond of peace, and 
considers this the means to that good end, will not refuse this 
request. She rejoices in the understanding that the differences 
existing in your churches are decreasing, and that your churches 
are in a flourishing state. She heartily desires that all remnants 
of strife may be entirely removed. Then without doubt, your 
churches enjoying peace, she will exercise her oversight to your 
constant increase, edification, and confirmation in the faith. To 
this end may the Lord give you strength, and add his blessing on 

♦ Freer-man, Freier-man, in Eoglish Freeman. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1471 

your diligent labors. In expectation of such, good results, we 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

Your affectionate friends and obedient co-laborers in the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ, 

The Classis of Amsterdam, In the name of all, 

Lambertus Zegers, V. D. M. Praeses et Dep. 

ad res maritimas. 
Adrianus Van Oestrum, Eccl. Amstel. et Dep. 
Joh. de Vries, Eccl. Nardeus, et Dep. ad res 

Cornelius Elias, V. D. M. et Dep. ad res 
In our Classical 
Assembly, July 18, 1701. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Eev. (John) Peter I^ucella, 
July 18, 1701. xx\dii. 5. 

Jo the Rev., Godly and Highly Learned, Mr. P. Nucella, faith- 
ful minister of the Holy Gospel in the Reformed Dutch Church 
at Kingston: 

Rev. Sir and Brother : — The Rev. Classis is well satisfied with 
your discreet conduct in reference to the Consistory at New 
Albany. You have enabled them to understand that Rev. Lydius 
was their legally called pastor, whom the Classis recognizes as 
such, and has allowed to be confirmed in the holy ministry. She 
doubts not but that he will by his zealous labor in the work of the 
Lord, daily win the affection of the people. To that end may the 
blessings of the Almighty rest upon him. She can also take 
pleasure in the fact that Rev. Freerman is located at Schenectady; 



1472 Ecclesiastical Records . 

but she requires that the irregularity of his call be rectified, — 
Also in order that that church may be received into your fellow- 
ship, and not remain independent, she requires them to transmit 
the call of Rev. Freerman, after it has received your approval, 
according to your method, — that the Classis may put, at last, her 
hand of approbation thereto. — Also Rev. Freerman must, in a 
brief letter to the Rev. Classis, request them, after they have 
approved his call, to enroll his name among those, who, as pastors, 
belonging to this Classis, have, in our book, subscribed the Formu- 
laries of Unity. Thus she hopes that causes of contention may 
be removed, and the bonds of unity be drawn more closely among 
the brethren. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. 
We remain. 

Rev. Sir and Brotherj 

Your affectionate, etc., 
In our Classical The Classis of Amsterdam 

Assembly, July 18, 1701. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Lydius, (July 18, 1701?) 

xxviii. 6. , 

To Reverend (Johannes) Lydius, Pastor at ISTew Albany: 

Reverend, Godly and Highly^ Learned Sir: — Even as all the 
steps of a man are ordered of the Lord, so do we acknowledge 
his Providence, in that your way has been made so prosperous, 
and that you landed at the wharf in ISTew York in advance of 
your rival (Freerman). We could have expected nothing else, 
from the discretion of the Albany Consistory, than that when 
they had collated the proofs of the legality of the calls of each 
of you, they should have assigned to you the right to become 
their pastor. It is also agreeable to us that the Governor, my 
lord Bellomont, did not disapprove of the choice of the Con- 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1473 

sistory, but has shown by his conduct, that your service is well 
pleasing in his eyes. In that you write that you are determined 
to exert all your powers in behalf of your church, — this causes 
us to expect, with the blessing of God, great results. May he 
who has given you such good intentions, grant you also the 
ability to perform them, and crown your work with his blessing. 
In addition, it is not disagreeable to the Rev. Classis that Rev. 
Freerman has found a place of rest. It will be well for him, if 
he now do that, which, according to ecclesiastical order, is lacking 
in his call. It needs to be rectified by amendments. Advice 
should be given both to him and his consistory, since you have 
granted him the privilege of having his call ratified by the 
churches of that country, that it should then be sent to this 
Classis for its approval. Our Rev. Assembly, has resolved not 
to refuse this, if at the same time a request come in writing from 
Rev. Freerman, that the Classis would be pleased to enroll his 
name among those, who, with us, as pastors belonging to this 
Classis, have subscribed the Formularies of Unity. 

The Rev. Classis judges that it would be very unprofitable for 
one of your churches to be outside the body of your communion, 
and in her church government be drifting (swimming) towards 
the Independents. To the pastors of !N'ew York and Esopus, we 
have also written concerning this matter. May the Lord so con- 
trol affairs in your section that all divisions may speedily cease, 
and all the members of the church be of one heart and of one 
soul. We commend you to God and the Word of His Grace, and 

Reverend Sir and Brother, 

Your affectionate and obedient. The Classis of Amsterdam. 
In the name of all, the Deputati ad res maritimas, 

Lambertus Segers, V. D. M. Amstelod. 

Adrianus van Oestrum, Eccles. Amstelod. 

Joannes de Vries, Eccles. Nardeus. 

Comelis Elias, Eccles. Pastor at Amstelveen. 



1474 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory at Albany, July 18, 
1701. xxviii. 7. Referred to. xxi. 420. 

To the Elders and Deacons of the Church at New Albany. 

Reverend, Godly and Discreet Gentlemen, Eriends and Breth- 
ren in Christ: — Our Classical Assembly has understood, with 
much satisfaction, the result which your cautious prudence, under 
the blessing of the Almighty, has given to the confused affairs 
of your church. As you have been no respecter of persons, but 
have entrusted the ministry to him to whom it belonged, we 
doubt not but that your righteous work will be blessed. The 
good beginning, of which you make mention, predicts to us, under 
God's gracious co-operation, a beautiful progress in the minis- 
terial labors of Rev. Lydius. The Rev. Classis, which finds her 
satisfaction only when the churches find their satisfaction and 
peace, is also willing to yield something, at your request, for the 
surer establishment of peace. She therefore lets slip what she 
had against him (Freerman) who secretly tried to frustrate a 
legal call made by her. She has also written to the pastors of 
your province, that they will be pleased to aid Rev. Freerman in 
rectifying, in his call, that which is contrary to Church-Order, 
and that he become a member of your (American) communion, 
and also unite with our Classis. If he be found peaceably dis- 
posed and takes heed to his ministry, we will not remember 
former things against him. The Classis thus finds it good to 
aid you in every way in the establishment of peace, knowing that 
where peace exists, there also God commands his blessing, even 
life forevermore. The Lord enable you to abide in faith, love 
and sanctification. May he grant to us unitedly to strive for 

OF THE State of I^ew York. 1475 

the prosperity of his house. With these thoughts we subscribe 

Your obedient Friends and Servants, The Classis of Amsterdam. 
In the name of all, 

L. Zeegers, V. D. M. et Dep. ad res maritimas. 
Adrianus van Oestrum, Eccles. x\mstel. et Dep. etc. 
Joannes de Vries, Eccles. ISTardeus. 
Cornells Elias, V. D. M. et Dep. etc. 

Synod of N^oeth Holland, 1701, July 26-Aug. 6, Held at 


Article 14. 
Indian Affairs. 


Extracts from a letter from 'New York to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, dated September 4, 1700, signed by the ministers there, 
Henricus Selyns and Gualtherus du Bois. (Also from church 
of Albany, September 9, 1700.) 

1. They had duly received the letter of Kev. Classis, of March 
29, 1700, and therewith the tidings of their call on Rev. Lydius 
to the service of the church of ISTew Albany; and also of another 
call, by the Rev. Classis of Lingen, brought out through the 
intervention of Mr. Bancker upon Rev. Freeman, for the service 
of the same church. 

2. They write that in this said call by the Classis of Lingen 
on Rev. Freeman, they were not consulted by the church of New 
Albany, which seems to have been a departure from the custom, 
which generally all the churches in that country observe on such 
an occasion. 

3. That if he should fail to be taken at New Albany, he would 
nevertheless surely find a place elsewhere, as preachers were 
much in need there. 

14 Y 6 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

(Extracts from letter from Albany, September 9, 1700.) 

4. That Eev. Lydius bad been received as lawful minister at 
IsTew Albany, and bad taken possession of bis office. 

5. Tbat Rev. Ereeman bad been called to Scbenectady, and 
asked for their approval, so that he might be in fellowship with 

6. That they had not as yet given it, because it was not pre- 
ceded by the resolve to join himself also to the Eev. Classis of 
Amsterdam, whereof all the churches there accounted themselves 
as members; and whither they brought their disputes if any arose; 
but that it seemed as if they belonged to the Classis of Lingen. 

7. They state that the state of their churches is beginning to 
prosper; that the remaining disputes are diminishing. 

Extract from a letter from Kingstown to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam, dated October 24, 1700, and signed by Rev. ISTucella. 

1. He writes that Rev. Lydius and Freeman having arrived at 
ISTew Albany, the papers of both of them were examined by the 
retiring and the ruling Consistory, in his presence; for he had 
repaired thither with an elder and deacon as the result of a reso- 
lution of Consistory. 

2. That it was found that the right to the office lay with 
Lydius, who then was also declared to be the lawful pastor, and 
was inducted into the parsonage, and preached his inaugural at 
the request of the Consistory. 

3. That a trial was made to raise a fund in the congregation 
for the support of Rev. Freeman, as a second minister, but in 

4. That Rev. Freeman was called to Schenectady; that he 
accepted this call, and thereupon immediately preached his in- 
augural without regard to Church Order. 

OF THE State of ]SrEW York. 1477 


Extract from a letter from Eev. Lydius, to the Rev. Classis of 

Amsterdam, written from Albany, and dated August 15, 1700. 

0. S. 

1. He writes that, having left Amsterdam on April 21, he 
landed at ISTew York on July 20, ahead of Eev. Freeman, who 
arrived on the 23rd, although Freeman started earlier than 

2. That they had both been conveyed to Albany in one yacht, 
and they had been welcomed at the landing by the magistrates, 
Consistory, and the most prominent people of the place. 

3. That the testimonials of both having been looked into, the 
parsonage and office were accorded to him; and that the salary 
of the half year, which had just elapsed, had been paid. 

4. That Lord Bellomont, although he was approached by 
friends of Eev. Freeman, had rejected him, and declared himself 
against him; and that he would never oppose a call made by the 
Classis of Amsterdam, 

5. That the converts from the heathen had resumed their 
praying and singing exercises at his house. My lord (Bellomont), 
having attended these once with his suite, had granted him an 
interpreter, (at state expense) to instruct them further in the way. 

6. That the church of Schenectady had agreed upon a salary 
for Eev. Freeman, and that thereupon he had preached his in- 

Extract from a letter written from Albany to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, dated September 9, 1700, and signed by the Eld- 
ers and Deacons of the ISFetherland Eeformed Church there: 
J. Schuyler, Jacob Schurman, Anthony van Schaick, John 
Cuyler, William Groesbeck, and Harpert Jacobsz. 
1. They make known that on seeing our call to Eev. Lydius, 

they had accepted him; and found him to be (possessed) of re- 


1478 Ecclesiastical Records ■ 

spectable scholarship and good gifts as a preacher, to the com- 
plete satisfaction of the congregation. 

2. That he obliged them to esteem him greatly; wherefore 
they thanked the Rev. Classis for sending him. 

3. That as Rev. Freeman could not be supported by them as 
a second minister, he had come to an agreement with the Con- 
sistory of Schenectady, a village two (five? Dutch) miles distant 
from them, which had lost their pastor (Tesschenmaker) in the 
last war, to succeed him in this office. This also served to set 
them at rest. 

4. They made request, inasmuch as the state of their church 
demands it, that the Classis will disregard, in charity, what they 
may have against any one, by reason of what has occurred. 

Attempt to Start an Anglican Church at Kingston. 
Secretary Clarke to the Gentlemen at Esopus. (1704) 

New York August ye 30th 1701. (1704?) 

Mr. Haburne,* who is a Minister of ye Establisht Church of England, and sent 
by his Excellency to administer ye Gospell to you, in this vacancy, ought I think 
att Least, to be provided for as well as a dessenting Minister to that Church; 
who is only tolerated to exercise ye unestablisht religion he professes, but it seems 
you have not been of that Opinion, or if you have, you have not paid that Obedi- 
ence to his Excellency's Commands, and that regard to this gentleman's Character, 
as was due, and this appears plainly by ye mean accommodacons you provided 
before, I am therefore by his Excellency's Command to lett you know that you 
are immediately without delays in misconstruing any part of this to provide a 
good and Convenient house In your town of Kingstown with necessarys thereto 
belonging (suitable to the Character of Mr. Heburn) for him, and if there be no 
other house to be Gotten you are immediately to put him in possession of ye house 
Late of Boudy Windewitt which was some time since Escheated for her Matie and 
make a speedy returne of what you shall have done herein. 

I am Gentlemen Your very humble servant, 

Geo. Clarke.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 584. 

♦ Elsewhere written Hepburne. 

OF THE State of New York. 1479 


Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Touching the Coetus of Siiriname. 

1701, Sept. 5th. 

Kev. Lambertus Zeegers, as Deputatus ad res Maritimas re- 
ports that the Messrs. Directors of the Colony of Suriname, 
having written to the General and the Council there, that their 
pretended Classis should be changed into a Coetus, whereof, see 
previous acta; those of Suriname had advanced several griev- 
ances and difficulties in their reply. Said Messrs. Directors re- 
quest the opinions of the Rev. Classis. Rev. Deputati ad res 
Maritimas are requested to put into writing their ideas and rea- 
sons upon this affair, and to communicate these at the next meet- 
ing, is. 20. xix. 264. 

(This and some other similar items are inserted as they show 
the position of the Classis in reference to attempts at ecclesiasti- 
cal independence in other Colonies.) 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Missive in answer to the touching the Con- 

ventus of Suriname. 

1701, Oct. 3rd. 

An extract was read from a letter of the Messrs. Councillors of 
the Police (Political Councillors?) of the Colony of Suriname, 
written to the Messrs. Directors of the Chartered Society here, 
(for sending ministers to Suriname,) dated April 18th, 1701. It 
related to the remarks, grievances and difficulties which they had 
experienced about the change of their so called Classis into a 
Coetus, or a Conventus. 

Hereupon the Revs. Deputati ad res Maritimas communicated 
to the Classis, succinctly, and ^^dth dignity drawn up, in writiug, 
to the great satisfaction of this Assembly, as was asked of them, 
as appears in actis precedentis, their ideas and reasons in refuta- 

1480 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


tion of the aforesaid remarks, grievances and difficulties. It was 

further resolved that the same shall be placed before the said 

Messrs. Directors, after communicating them first to the Hon. 

Burgomaster, John Hudde, Political Commissioner (Politicke 

Commisiaris) of the church of Amsterdam. The brethren were 

thanked by the President for their trouble taken in the premises. 

ix. 23. xix. 266. 

Chukch of New Yoek. Fees for Ceetificates. 

Sept. 8, 1701. 

Consistory met, and after prayer, unanimously Resolved, That 
for Certificates of Baptism, etc., which any one may want, he 
shall pay to the minister. 

For Certificates of Baptism "] 

For duplicate of Baptism { 

For Certificate of Church membership [ (Amounts obliterated.) 

For Certificate of Marriage j ' 

For Recording Marriage bans J 

Nevertheless this is to be further considered on account of 
some objections. 

Witnesses needed for applicants for Church Membership. 

In future, when any one is accepted upon profession of his 
faith by the minister, in the presence of one or more elders, he 
shall, since the City daily grows larger and all men are not well- 
known to us, bring a communicant as witness of his godly life, if 
the same is required by the minister. 

Elders to dun Delinquents. 

Resolved, unanimously, that henceforth, one or more of the 
elders shall, at least once a year, and as much oftener as they 
think proper, go with the bell-ringer, when he goes around to 

OF TKE State of ISTew York. 1481 

collect the preacher's salary, in order to stir up delinquent 

Choice of Church Masters. 

Since the Charter expressly says that the Consistory shall 
choose the Church Masters, and from the beginning they were 
only so chosen, and since, for some reason, this practice has been 
two or three times altered by a former Consistory, Resolved, ac- 
cording to right, that henceforth the Church Masters shall have 
no voice in the choosing of Church Masters. 

]Sr. B. Hereupon, the Consistorial Assembly went on with the 
change, and in the absence of the existing Church Masters, chose 
itself new Church Masters. 

— Lib. B. 31. 

Commission of Lord Cornbury as Governor of ISTew York. 

As to Religion: 

Sept. 9, 1701 


Wee doe by these presents authorize and empower you to col- 
late any pron (person) or prons (persons) to any Churches or 
Chapells, or other ecclesiastical benefices within our said province 
or dependencies aforesaid, as often as that any of them shall 
happen to be void. — Dix's Trinity Ch, i. 137. 

[See Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 883-4, 1152. According to Cornbury himself, his Commis- 
sion was dated July 5, 1701. See below May 3, 1702.] 

y Petition of the Quakers of Queens Co. Regarding Their 

Right to Vote. 

To the Honorable John Nanfan Esq., Governor & Commander in chief of the 
Province of New Yorke etc. 

The humble petitioh of Samuel Haight, John Wey & Robt. Field on behalf of 
themselves and the rest of the ffreeholders of Queens County of the persuasion 
& profession of the people called Quakers. 

Sheweth Unto your Honour that lately in the elecon of Representatives to as- 
sist in generall assembly in Queens County the petitioners above named and others 
of their profession have been interruped and deprived of their right & priviledge 


1482 Ecclesiastical Records 

of voting by the Justices of said County or some of them & others appointed wit- 
nesses to the elecon upon pretence & coluor of not having taken the oaths notwith- 
standing their having signed the declaracon appointed the people of that persuasion 
by act of Parliament. 

There being another eleccon to be had in said County in a few days that the 
peticoners may enjoy their right & priviledges and to prevent controversy for the 

They therefore humbly pray to have your honours opinion whether they being 
qualified other-ways to vote for representatives in such eleccons are legally barrd 
& precluded from doing thereof by their not swearing and as in duty bound etc. 

Samuel Haight. John Way. Robert Ffield. 
October 3, 1701. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 609, 610. 

Church of ISTew York. 

Oct. 28, 1701. 

In Consistory, -unanimously Resolved, That those who will not 
pay any Domine's money, if they have a pew in the church, shall 
lose the pew, and it shall be granted to one who does pay 
Domine's money. 

On the 30th of October, 1701, in the morning, a letter signed 
by Mr. Brandt Schuyler was handed to Do. Du Bois, touching 
the election of Mr. Nicholas Koosevelt for elder in our congre- 
gation. A true copy whereof runs as follows: 

Mr. Du Bois : — I find myself constrained to apprise you, that 
Mr. Mcholas Roosevelt, although bound by solemn oath as alder- 
man of this place, to maintain, according to his best knowledge 
and conscience the rights and privileges of the inhabitants, has, 
notwithstanding, allowed himself on the 28th of Sept last, when 
he was entrusted with the gathering of the votes for alderman, 
etc., to return himself as alderman, though he knew, in his con- 
science, that not he, but I, had the plurality of votes, as can be 
shown and approved, clear as the sun by different affidavits and 
examinations made on inquiry before the mayor of the city. Yet 
this same Roosevelt is by some of his own, now lately chosen, and 
twice published, for elder in the Church of God for the coming 
^ear. Therefore I could not omit, the more as being solicited 
thereto by many members, to bring this to your notice, that the 
Church of Christ is by this extraordinary, unrighteous and alto- 
gether sinful proceeding, sadly reproached, and many of its mem- 

OF THE State of IN'ew York, 1483 

bers greatly offended: to the end that by your prudent and pious 
action, this reproach and offence may be obviated and removed. 
I remain, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

Brandt Schuyler.— Lib. B. 31, 32. 

The Consistory having seen and read a certain paper, addressed 
to Mr. Du Bois, signed — Brandt Schuyler, containing some 
reasons against the confirmation of brother N. Roosevelt, as elder 
of this congregation, and having maturely considered the case, 
declare that they have no mind to decide, nor even to discuss, in 
their Assembly, any political disputes; but on the contrary, 
themselves to obey, as is proper, the authorities and powers, ac- 
cording to God's command. Besides, since we are informed that 
the said Mr. IsTicholas Roosevelt is justified by the Rulers of this 
City, in the matter in which he is blamed in this paper, we can- 
not perceive that it offered any hindrance to his confirmation; 
and this, the more, since this accusation is made by a person who 
has involved himself in a political dispute, which does not concern 
the church. It therefore can by no means weaken the honor, 
reputation or Christian life of Mr. Roosevelt, or give any one 
substantial reason to take offence at his advancement to ecclesias- 
tical office, or to reproach the same, unless maliciously. Where- 
fore the Consistory, having duly considered all these things, 
firmly. Resolved to proceed, in the name of the Lord with his 
ordination to the office to which he was lawfully chosen. 
In the name and authority of the Consistory, 

Gault. Du Bois. 

— Lib. B. 33, 35. 

Church of New York. 

After calling on the name of the Lord, it was unanimously Re- 
solved, That the resolutions which sometime since were made and 
confirmed, should be presented to the persons of the coming 



1484 Ecclesiastical Records 

Consistory, and the inquiry made, if they would be pleased to 
subscribe the same, for a mutual bond of unity, and the execution 
of that which has been determined to the edification of the 
congregation: viz., 

1. That the Treasury of the Elders and Deacons make one 
Treasury, without prejudice, however, to the care of the poor. 

2. That Do. Du Bois be recognized as our lawful Pastor and 

3. That hereafter, the elders, at least once a year, and as much 
oftener as they shall think proper, shall go with the bellringer 
when he collects the minister's salary, in order to stir up the 
non-payers and the unwilling contributors. 

4. Whereas the Almighty took out of this world our reverend 

and godly Pastor and Teacher, Do. H. Selyns,* on the of 

the last month; (Sept.); after calling on the Lord's name, the 
Old and the Ruling Consistory were assembled to deliberate on 
what ought to be done for the edification of God's Church, since 
Do. Du Bois was called only for a second minister. 

The Consistory now in office having weighed all this, has in 
Christian Assembly, after the advice given by the Old Consistory 
was considered. Resolved, To request Do. Du Bois, in case it 
should be judged expedient, to delay somewhat the call of another 
minister in place of the deceased; and so long as he is alone here, 
to render the service alone. And to animate him the more to 
this, we promise him yearly, at this time, a present of thirty 
pounds, until another minister is here, in love. Meanwhile, we 
promise to lighten his labors, as soon as possible, by calling an- 
other minister, in place of the departed Do. Selyns. 

* See Hon. Henry C. Murphy's Anthology of New Netherland for an excellent 
Biography of Selyns. He puts his death in July, 1701, but these Minutes seem to 
place it in September, 1791. The following is found in a Dutch Biographical Dic- 
tionary: ~ 

Selyns (Selijns) Henry, preacher of New Amsterdam on Manhattan in North 
America. He returned to Holland in 1664, and settled at Amsterdam, where he 
practised the writing of poetry. Jacob (James) King, and subsequently J. J. Van 
Voorst had in their possession from his hand, a manuscript entitled " New Am- 
sterdam Ecclesiastical Affairs ". See van der Aa, N. B. A. C. Woordenboek. From 
van der Aa's Biographisch Woordenboek. 

OF THE State of iNTew York. 1485 

N". B. The above Eesolution being proposed to Do. Du Bois, 
he agreed to accede to the request of the Consistory, with the 
blessing of the Lord, according to his ability. 

Gualt. Du Bois. 

We, the undersigned, incoming Elders and Deacons, recognize 
the above Resolutions as necessary, wholesome and promise to 
follow and help to maintain the same. 

( Isaac de Peyster ( Samuel Staats 

Elders. -< Deacons ' 

( Mcholaas Rosevelt ( Lendert de Kleyn 

— Lib. B. 35, 37. 

Albany City Records. Enlargement of Dutch Church of 


Nov. 11, 1701. 

Mr. Johannis Lydius minister, Anthony van Schaicli and Hendk. van Rensselaer 
elders, in ye behalfe of the Church Wardens of the Reformed Netherdutch Con- 
gregation of Albany, doe appear and verbally sett forth hovp that in Collecting 
of money for ye Ministers Sallary severall of said Congregation do refuse to con- 
tribute any more thereto, alleadgeing that they have no settled place in ye Church 
to sett on and hear ye word of God. 

Doe therefore Request that ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality will be 
pleased to permitt them to appoint persons to goe round by ye Inhabitants of 
this Citty and others in ye County belonging to said Congregation, to see what 
money can be voluntarily procured for ye enlarging of said Church for ye more 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality taking ye above request into Considera- 
tion, doe graunt ye same. Provided such summe or summes of money as so shall 
be procured be employed for ye use aforesaid and none else. — Munsell's Annals 
of Albany, Vol. iv. p. 146. 

Petition of the Protestants of New York to King William 


City of New York, 30 December 1701. 
To the Kings most Excellent Majesty: 

The humble Petition and address of Your Majesties Protestant subjects in your 
Plantation of New York in America. 

Most Dread Soveraign: We, your Majesty's Protestant Subjects in Your Planta- 
tion of New York in America, having too many reiterated Informations of our 
being calumniated and misrepresented to your Majesty, with hearts full of grief, 
Loyalty, and the highest duty and regard to your Majesty, humbly pray the Freedom 
to acquaint your Majesty. 

That as soon, as we knew of your Majesties happy accession to the Crown, we 
entertained the joyful tidings with hearts full of alacrity, blessing Almighty God 
for our great deliverer. 

And as we cannot still without Dread and Horror reflect upon the ruine and 
calamities that were likely to swallow us up, when your Majesty brought us deliv- 
erance; so we are influenced with a lively and gratefull sense, that our Religion 
and Liberties are in the greatest safety under your auspicious Reign. 

1486 Ecclesiastical Records 

We do assure your Majesty that the divisions and differences that have hap- 
pened amongst your subjects in this province were never grounded upon the interest 
of your Majesty, but the private corrupt designs of some of the Pretenders to your 
Majesties service, who had laid hold of an opportunity to enrich themselves by 
the spoils of their Neighbours. 

The oppressions and hardships we underwent took an end by the arrivall of your 
Government, and during the whole course of the late warr, with your Majesties 
gracious assistance we chearfully sustained its burthen, some of us in our persons, 
and all of us by our purses; and by the fortunate influence of Your Majesties Em- 
pire, conserved this Your Colony entire from any conquest of the Enemy. 

Being conscious to ourselves of nothing more than an entire affection and faith- 
ful adherence to Your Majesties Royall person and interest, it was the greater 
surprise to find ourselves by the late Earl of Bellomont, without reason or colour, 
turned out of places in the Government, and those generally filled with persons 
least qualified for their posts; and to add to our misfortune, and evidence the in- 
juries we have suffered, we find ourselves to be branded most unjustly with char- 
acters of disaffection and infamy; although with all dutiful submission we under- 
went the first, yet the latter, as being an offence to truth, and touching us in our 
good names, and the interest all faithfull subjects ought to have in a just Prince, 
we cannot, but be extremely sensible of. 

Your Majesties subjects could not at first foresee the ends designed; but the 
measures taken were of that nature as to give us just apprehensions of evil; great 
partiality in appointment of Officers, manifest corruption and injustice in all Elec- 
tions, and that so open and barefaced, as the greater number of the people could 
not but see the destructive projections, not less than the injurious means used to 
attain them; being nothing else, but abusing Y'our Majesties glorious name; and 
under pretext of your Majesties service, by the Legislative power, to divest many 
of your Majesties good subjects of their just rights and possessions, and to share 
and divide the same amongst themselves and their confederates; with many other 
sinister. Indirect and unjust proceedings, easily to be proved, but too many to 
enumerate at present to your Majesty; thereby greatly offending your Majesties 
good subjects, and tending to render your Majesties Government in these parts 
scandalous, vile and cheap in the Eyes of your people; although these Methods had 
long since been determined, if they had not lately met with new supports. 

We humbly implore Your Majesties justice in relieving us from these evils; and 
take this opportunity of assuring your Majesty that amongst the vast numbers of 
mankind, who have willingly subjected themselves and taken shelter under Your 
Majesties dominion, none are more heartily devoted to pray for your Majesties long 
and prosperous Reign over us, than your Majesties most obedient, most humble and 
most dutiful subjects and servants.* — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 933-4. 

PETiTioisr FROM Eastchester. Anglican Church. 

To His Excellency etc. 

(Aug. 1701?) 

The Humble Petition of John Drake and William Chadderton in the behalf of 
themselves and the Inhabitants of East Chester. 


That Coll. Heathcot did at the request of your Excellency's Petitioners moue 
your Excellency to glue Directions that what the Vestry had Layd on the Parish 
of West Chester for incidentall charges over the ministers rate & Constables al- 
lowance for allowing the same might be abated from the quoata layd on our place 
be being burthened with much more than our Just proportion of that tax that Coll. 
Heathcot did thereupon inform your Excellency's Petitioners that your Excellency 
had been pleased to direct that some of the Justices which lined without the pre- 
cincts, should make inquiry into that matter & make report thereof to your Excel- 
lency but the Justices not being able before this time to gett in the List of Estates 
was" the Cause of the delay of that returne so hope your Excellency will pardon 
our not leaning what was Layd upon us by the late Vestry & will in your great 
goodness & Justice protect us from paying more than our fair & Equal Proportion 
which we shall always most readily do so long as your Excellency shall think fitt 
to Continue us Joyned to that Parish we are exceeding thankfuU that your Excel- 
lency hath been pleased to direct Mr. Bartow to preach sometimes amongst us 

For we assure your Excellency that tis our Earnest desires to come under the 
Regulation of the Church of England as by law Established & so is our minister 
Mr. Morgan for which reason we are desirous to Continue him amongst us & main- 
taine him by Subscription untill such times as your Excellency shall think fitt to 
haue the Parishes in the County otherwise divided which are at present so uery 
inconuenient that not halfe of the People can haue the benefitt of the Ministry 
your Excellency will find by the return of the Justices that our diuident of the 

* Here follows a list of names of 687 individuals who signed this petition, of 
whom only Gl made their marks. The names of those of New York and Albany 
are very full. From the other counties a few signed in behalf of all. The names 
of many elders and deacons of Dutch churches are recognized. 

OF THE State of !N'ew York. 1487 

late rate ought not to haue been more than seven pounds five shillings and six pence 
& the uestry haue layd fifteen pounds ten shillings upon us & there being seven 
pounds ten shillings Layd on the Parish besides the Jlinisters rate «fe the Constables 
allovrance for Leauylng the same under the name of incidental Charges & that some 
by the inequality of the diuision falling wholly upon us we therefore most humbly 
Implore your Excellency to direct that we may pay no more at this time than eight 
pounds, and for the future only our equal diuident and as in duty bound your Ex- 
cellency's Petitioners shall ever Pray etc. [See Jan 26, 1703.] 

John Drake Joseph Drake Will Chadderton. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 561. 

Church of ISTew York. Gift to Church of Schenectady. 


At the request of the Consistory of Schenectady, a collection 
was made by us in our congregation, for the building of a Church 
for them, amounting to fifty seven pounds and four shillings. 
This sum was paid- to R. Schermerhorn, as appears by his written 
acknowledgement, to be found among the papers of the Elders. 

— Lib. A. 21Y. 

Secret Instructions to Governor Cornbury, Jan. 29, 1702/3, 
[1701/2] ? AS Given by Dix i. 138. 

(So far as they relate to Ecclesiastical Affairs.) 

1. Refers to his appointment. 

2. Refers to the Council. 

3. Refers to the reading of his Commission before the Council. 

As to the Oaths 

4. Which being done, you shall yourself take, and also administer unto each of 
the members of our said Council, as well the Oaths appointed by Act of Parlia- 
ment, to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and the 
Oath mentioned in an Act entitled An Act to declare the alteration in the Oath 
appointed to be taken by the Act entitled An Act for the further security of his 
Majesty's person and the Succession of the Crown in the protestant line, and for 
extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales and all other pretenders 
and their open and secrett abettors; and for declaring the Association to be deter- 
mined, as also the test mentioned, in an Act of Parliament made in the twenty 
fifth years of the reigns of King Charles the second, entitled. An Act for preventing 
dangers which may happen from Popish Recusants; together with an oath for the 
due execution of your and their places and trusts, as well with regard to the equal 
and impartial administration of justice in all causes that shall come before you, 
as otherwise and likewise the Oath required to be taken by Governors of Planta- 
tions to do their utmost that the laws relating to the Plantations be observed. 


As to Religion: 

60. You shall take especiall care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly served 
throughout your Government; the Book of Common Prayer as by Law established, 
read each Sunday and Holy day, and the blessed sacrament administered according 
to the rites of the Church of England; you shall be carefull that the churches 

14:88 Ecclesiastical Records 

already built there be well and orderly kept, and that more be built as the Colony 
shall by God's blessing be improved; and that besides a competent maintenance to 
be assigned to the Minister of each Orthodox Church, a convenient house be built 
at the common charge for each Minister, and a competent proportion of land as- 
signed him for a glebe and exercise of his industry; and you are to take care that 
the parishes be so limited and settled, as you shall find most convenient for the 
accomplishing this good woi-k. 

61. You are not to prefer any Minister to any Ecclesiastical Benefice in that our 
Province, vrithout a certificate from the Right Reverend Father in God, the 
Bishop of London, of his being conformable to the Doctrine and Discipline of the 
Church of England and of a good life and conversation; and if any person pre- 
ferred already to a benefice appear to you to give scandall, either by his doctrine 
or manners, you are to use the best means for the removal of him, and to supply 
the vacancy in such manner as we have directed. 

62. You are to give order forthwith, (if the same be not already done), that 
every Orthodox Minister within your Government be one of the Vestry in his re- 
spective parish, and that no Vestry be held without him, except in case of sickness, 
or that after notice of Vestry he will not come. 

63. You are to inquire whether there be any Minister within your Government, 
who preaches and administers the sacraments in any Orthodox Church or Chappell 
without being in due orders, and to give an account thereof to the said Bishop 
of London. 

64. And to the end of (that?) the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the said Bishop 
of Loudon may take place in your Province so farr as conveniently may be. Wee 
doe think fitt, that you give all continuance (countenance?) and encouragement to 
the exercise of the same, excepting to the collating to benefices, granting licenceses 
for marriages, and probate of wills, which we have reserved to our Governour and 
to the Commander in Chief of our said Province for the time being. 

65. Wee doe further direct that no schoolmaster be henceforth permitted to come 
from England and to keep school within our Province of New York, without the 
Lycense of the said Bishop of London, and that no other person now there, or that 
shall come from other ports, be admitted to keep school without your Lycense, first 

66. And you are to take especial care that a Table of Marriages, established by 
the Canons of the Church of England to be hung up in every Orthodox Church and 
duly observed, and you are to endeavor to get a law past in the Assembly of that 
Province (if not already done) for the strict observance of the said Table. 

67. You are to take care that Drunkenness and Debauchery Swearing and Blas- 
phemy be discountenanced and punished; and for the further discountenance of 
Vice and encouragement of Virtue and good living (that by such examples ye In- 
fidels may be invited and desire to partake of the Christian Religion), You are 
not to admit any person to publick Trust and Employments, whose ill-fame and 
conversation may occasion scandall.* 

Trinity Church, I^Tew York. 

Election of Church Wardens and Vestrymen. 

1702, April 7. 
Church Wardens: Thomas Wenham, Richard Willett. 

Vestrymen: William Morris, James Emott, Wm. Huddleston, John Crooke, Lan- 
caster Squires, Ebenezer Wilson, Thos. Ives Rob, Wm. Anderson, Robt. Skelton. 
John Corbett, Robt. Lurting, Jeremiah Tothill, William Janeway, David Jamison, 
Wm. Peartree, Wm. Smith, Lettice Hopper, John Theobald, Matthew Clarkson. 
John Tuder. 

* These Instructions are not found in Colonial Documents, but are for the first, 
printed in Dix's Historv of Trinitv Church, i. l.'?8-140. See Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 
883, 884, 887, 9.55, 11.52, for allusions to them. Cornbury himself says — that his 
Commission is dated September 9, 1701: and that he arrived, May 3, 1702: that the 
news of Bellomont's death (March 5, 1701) did not reach England until May. 1701. 
Orders were given to make out Cornbury's Commission, June 13, 1701; and this was 
reported done, June 26, 1701. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1489 


May 3, 1702-1Y08 

Trinity Ghuech, New Yoek City. 

Cornbury was appointed successor to Bellomont, June 13, 1701; commissioned 
September 9, 1701; arrived May 3, 1702. 

Says Dr. Dlx in his History of Trinity Ctiurch: 

" Tiie Clergy " (of the Episcopal Church) " regarded his arrival as a great de- 
liverance; and no wonder, considering the reign of terror which he found here. 
Letters are extant from the Rev. John Bartow and other Missionaries of the 
Venerable Society, graphically depicting the perils of the Church (of England) 
under the administration of Bellomont and Nanfan, and hailing the arrival of the 
new Governor as an auspicious event." 

A number of the parish officials and their friends were in exile in New Jersey, 
where, beyond the reach of the ferocious Atwood, they were awaiting the arrival 
of the new Governor. Prominent members of Trinity Church were said to be in 
danger — their lives worth little if Nanfan and Atwood had continued in power. 
Atwood's own writings show this. 

Trinity Church presented an address to Cornbury on his arrival. 

This address seems a refutation of the charges of disloyalty to Protestant inter- 
ests raised by Mr. Atwood against Mr. Vesey and his friends. Mr. Vesey's father 
had been a Jacobite, in Massachusetts, but Rev. Mr. Vesey was far different. 
Cornbury countenanced Mr. Vesey in preaching against the two preceding Govern- 
ors as persecutors. 

Cornbury received from Queen Anne a Commission and two sets of Instructions. 
These liave never been printed. Brodhead failed to secure copies of them, for 
some reason, when he was in England collecting all civil documents relating to 
New York. Curiously enough, however, the originals have found their way here 
and are now in possession of a private individual. The Commission is dated 
December 5, 1702, (On page 134, Dix gives date as September 9, 1702,) and con- 
tains the following provision on ecclesiastical matters: 

" Wee do by these present authorize and impower you to collate any pron 
(person) or prons to any Churches or Chappells, or other ecclesiastical benefices 
within our said province or dependencies aforesaid, as often as that any of them 
shall happen to be void." — Dix, 136-7. 

Address of Welcome to Governor Cornbury ry Trinity 


" They say that with " hearts full of charity and exuberant with joy ", they 
" congratulate your Lordship's safe and happy arrival in this province with your 
worthy lady and family ". They then go on to speak of " the just fears which 
we had conceived under ye late administration of ye Predecessor and ye great hopes 
and confidence we perced in your Lordship's friendship for our Church and right- 
eous cause ". They also expressed their thankfulness to the King for " his Royal 
Letter of Protection to our Infant Church, to which was superadded our sence 
of that special and signal favor of sending your Lordship to be a healer and re- 



1490 Ecclesiastical Records 

storer amongst us, but as it needs appear'd to us to be the opening of a Doore 
of hope, so to those who were contriving to raise our very foundation, it caused 
a bitterness and overflowing of the Gall who not only labored to diswade the 
people from the hopes of seeing your Lordship, but raised a terrible and violent 
persecution against our Minister and most of the members and frequenters of our 
Church on account of Signing an Address to your Lordship and other Addresses, 
the contents of them being still to them unknown although some are innocently 
condemned to die as traitors, some outlaw'd and others forced to flye this Province 
and all put in Terror on that account, by a wicked, pernicious, perverse and 
strain'd Cons'truction of an Act of Assembly of this Province made by Mr. Atwood 
and Mr. Weaver, who were the principal movers and managers of this disturbance 
and violators of the peace not only of our Church but of all the principal English, 
French and Dutch Protestant Inhabitants of his Majesty's Province". "The 
enemys of our peace being dissolute in principle as well as immoral in their Lives 
and Conversation made their study falsely and maliciously to slander our Minister 
as well as others with ye Character of Jaeobitism and dissatisfaction to his 
Majesty's sacred person and the Laws and Government of England, and had like 
to have broke that hedge which his Majesty had most graciously placed about us, 
but your Lordship's happy and auspicious arrival like ye sun after morning dark- 
ness will dispell all those clouds and raise up our hands and hearts ". In con- 
elusion they assure the Governor of their willingness " with their lives and for- 
tunes " to support and maintain correct principles as against " all his Majesty's 
enemys whosoever and ye enemys of ye true Protestant interest ". — Records, 
Trinity Ch. i. 38. Dis's Hist. Trinity Ch. i. 135. 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. The "Arms " of Leisler and 


1702, May 24. Whereas, We, the ruling Consistory and 
Church-Masters, find that the "Arms " of the late Jacob Lyslaer 
and Jacob Milbourne are now placed in our church, and have been 
there for four years past, and that hitherto, no church resolution 
has been taken on the matter: Therefore, We, the Consistory, 
assembled with the ruling Church-Masters this 24th day of May, 
1702, having taken the matter into mature consideration, hereby 
declare this to be our salutary resolution and order for the best 
interests of the congregation, namely: That the said "Arms" 
shall be and remain in our church so long as the friends of the 
deceased shall think proper.* 

And since the bodies of these gentlemen are buried therein, 
and the customary fee for the same has been paid, as appears 
from the book of the Church-Masters, we have also judged it 
expedient to declare by this our resolution, that the said bodies 
shall be and remain undisturbed. — Lib. A. 217. 

* Domine Selyns had died in Sept., 1701. 

or THE State of New York. 1491 

Rev. Mr. Vesey to the Goveenok of Virginia. 

1702, June 9. 
" May it please your Excellency: 

" In a letter from the Jerseys, your Excellency was informed of the grevious 
oppression of our Church and Province, which, if not redressed by my Lord Corn- 
bury's arrival might have ended in our ruine. The management of the Lieutenant 
Governor and Council, even till then, was extraordinary, arbitrary, and violent, 
and if in print represented with all its circumstances to the world, must astonish 
an ordinary impiety and beget indignation and abhorrence in all those who have 
not cast off the common sentiments of humanity. Your Excellency, by Col. Bay- 
ard's printed tryall and some manuscripts, will be fully convinced of those un- 
righteous and barbarous measures which were taken to exterpate an English 
Church and interest out of this Province. I doubt not but my Lord (Cornbury) 
will be a Father to our Church and Province, and those methods his Lordship doth 
daily take, give us repeated assurances of his impartial administration, and are 
joyful presages that Justice will flow down our streets as a mighty streame and 
righteousness as a flood. 

" I have by these ships received four letters from my very good Lord of London 
(the Bishop) full of zeal and affection. His Lordship doth now assure us six good 
men shall be sent to supply the vacant liveings in our Province, and also that 
communion plate, furniture and Bookes shall in a short time be obtained for ue. 

" His Reverence Dr. Bray* advised me to enter into a Society with the Dutch 
and French ministers of this city, to consult on the most proper methods to effect 
a Reformation: accordingly a happy Society is maintained, in the Church Library, 
which I hope, by our Governor's assistance will in some measure answer the end. 
His Reverence, among other good things, informs me that he has writt to your 
Excellency to appoint a meeting of the Clergy at New York, as being the centre 
between Maryland and Virginia (?) I question not but in a few years we shall 
have such a number of clergymen in New York, the Jerseys and Philadelphia, as 
will make a meeting among ourselves very formidable. 

" Our church daily increases, and in a very wonderful manner. My Lord (Corn- 
bury) has ordered his chaplain, Mr. Mott, and Mr. Bresack, to preach in our Church 
one part of the day. We have prayers on Wednesdays and Fridays, and cate- 
chising every Sunday in the afternoon. Mr. Huddlestone, the schoolmaster, brings 
all his scholars to Church in order, and those, I have formed, with many others, 
into three distinct classes, according to Dr. Bray's proposal; by which means I 
hope to compose the most glorious Church in America. I beg your Excellency to 
recommend me to our Governor's (Cornbury's) favor and. countenance: May God 
ever bless, prosper and make you great, and glorious forever, is the prayer of 
your faithfull and much obliged servant, 

'• Wm. Vesey."— Dix, i. 1.32-3. 


Rev. George Keith. 


About this time Rev. George Keith, formerly a Quaker, came to America as 
a missionary of the Propagation Society. Wherever he went he made a great 
impression. He preached at Hempstead on September 27 (1702?) when the Church 
building could not contain the people. He said that they greatly desired an 
Episcopalian Minister. Special services were held in Trinity Church, aiad Mr. 
Keith preached, at the request of Mr. Vesey, on occasion of the weekly fast, ap- 

* " The Rev. Thos. Bray was sent to Maryland in 1696 as Commissary of the 
Bishop of London. He was particularly urgent about sending out books to Amer- 
ica, and mentions in a sermon preached in London in 1699, on the subject of "Apos- 
tolic Charity ", that there was in New York Colony a Church in the Fort with a 
Minister and a Library, and in the city a Church and a Minister, but no Library. 
It would appear from this that the first Library in New York was sent out from 
England for the use of the chaplain and soldiers of his Majesty's service. In 1767 
the Library in the Fort contained two hundred and eleven volumes ". 

1492 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


pointed by the Government on account of the great mortality just then prevailing. 
More than five hundred had died in the space of a few weeks, and that very week 
about seventy had died. His text vras James 5:13. '■ Is any among you afflicted, 

let him pray". He published afterward a Journal of Travels in 

North America, 1706.— See Coll. P. E. Soc. 1851, p. 1. 

About this time the Rev. Mr. Bartow, a missionary of the Society for Propagat- 
ing the Gospel, settled in Westchester, and began a work for the Episcopal Church 
in that section, which continues to the present time. 

In 1702 England declared war against France and Spain. The contest was 
prolonged until 1713. Canada was the objective point of the English, until they 
finally conquered it in 1763. — Dix, 142-3. 


Queen Anne Proclaimed in Xew York. 

[June 23, 1702.] 
To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

y/ My Lords: — 

Your Lordships letter of the 19th of March last (by the care of Coll. Blakiston) 
came safe to my hands on Wednesday the 17 of this instant June and in it I find a 
letter from the Lords of her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council commanding 
me to proclaim her most Sacred Majesty Queen Anne in the Province of New York 
and East and West New Jersey. In pursuance whereof on Thursday the 18th 
instant having drawn out the forces there, I did in the presence of the gentlemen 
of her Majesty's Council attended by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
the Clergy and I think I may say all the Gentlemen and Merchants of the City 
of New York cause Her Majesty to be proclaimed Queen of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supream Lady of the Province of 
New York and Plantations of the same according to the directions I had received 
from the Lords of Her Majesty's most Honorable Privy Council. The solemnity 
was performed with all the duty and respect imaginable to the Queen and the 
people shewed all the chearfullness and Loyalty that could be wished for or 
desired from good subjects upon that occasion; and I hope your Lordships will 
pardon me if I take the liberty to assure you that the Gentlemen of the Province 
of New York, are unanimously ready to sacrifice all they have for the service and 
in the defence of the Queen. Indeed they have suffered great hardships and 
wrongs through the wicked practices of Mr. Atwood and Mr. Weaver who have 
made the divisions among the people of New Yorke much greater than ever they 
were and would have made them past cure had they gone on a little longer, but 
I will not trouble your Lordships any longer upon the subject now having written 
to your Lordships from New York by the way of Boston with relation to those 

On Friday the 19th instant I went over the waters into the Jersies and went 
directly for Burlington which is the chief town of West Jersey, but the wayes 
were so bad I could not get thither till Sunday night late. Col. Hamilton to 
whom I had writ from New York met me in East Jersey and conducted me to 
Burlington where he had (being Governor of the Jerseys for the Proprietors) as- 
sembled the Chief Magistrates and Inhabitants of the Place in order to proclaim 
her Majesty which was done on Monday at eleven o'clock, where the people 
shewed great marks of duty and affection to the Queen. I did intend to have gone 
immediately to Amboy which is the Chief town in East Jersey, to proclaim her 
Majesty there but the floods have washed away the bridges so that till the waters 
are fallen, it will be impossible to travell. I hope two or three fair days will 
make the ways passable to Amboy, to which place I will repaire the moment it 
is possible, I do not doubt but we shall have a good appearance there likewise. 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 1493 

Col. Hamilton who intends to conduct me hitlier liaving sent beforeliand to give 
notice of my coming. In the meantime I have taken this opportunity to come 
twenty miles down the river De La Ware, to see this place where I find a ship 
just ready to saile for London. I thought it my duty to take this opportunity to 
acquaint your Lordships how far I have proceeded in obedience to your commands. 
I shall return this evening to Burlington and as soon as possible go to Amboy, 
and from thence to Yorke, from whence I will send your Lordships a farther 
account, in the meantime I remain, 
My Lords, 

Your Lordships most obedient, faithful!, humble Servant, 

June 23, 1702. 

N. Y. Col. Docs. iv. 960. Cornbury's reasons for suspending Chief Justice At- 
wood. Weaver, De Peyster, Walters and Staats are given in N. Y. Col. Docs. iv. 
1012, 1014, 1017. The conflrmation of his action by the Council is given, Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iv. 1026-81 (?).— Dis, 140. 

The Feench Chukch of I!Tew Rochelle. 

Petition of Rev. Mr. Bondet of New Rochelle. 

(Time, 1702?) 

To His Excellency Milord Cornbury Governor & Commander in Chief. 

My Lord, 

I most humbly pray your Excellency to be pleased to take cognizance of the 
petitioners condition. 

I am a french Refugee Minister, incorporated into the body of the ministry of 
the Anglican Church; I removed about fifteen years ago [1686] into New England 
with a company of poor refugees to whom land was granted for their settlement, 
and to provide for my subsistence I was allowed one hundred and five pieces per 
annum from the funds of the corporation for the propagation of the Gospel among 
the Savages. I performed that duty during nine years with a success approved 
and attested by those who presided over the affairs of that Province. 

The murders which the Indians committed in those Countries caused the dis- 
persion of our company some of whom fell by the hands of the Barbarians. I 
remained, after that, two years in that province expecting a favorable season for 
the reestablishment of affairs, but after waiting two years, seeing no appearance, 
and being invited to remove to this Province of New York by Colonel Heathcote 
who always evinces an affection for the public good and distinguishes himself by 
a special application for the advancement of religion and good order, by the 
establishment of Churches and Schools, the fittest means to strengthen and 
encourage the People, I complied with his request and that of the Company of 
New Rochelle in this province, where I passed five years on a small allowance 
promised me by New Rochelle of one hundred pieces and lodging, with that of one 
hundred and five pieces which the Corporation continued to me until the arrival 
of milord Belamont who, after indicating his willingness to take charge of me 
and our Canton ordered me Thirty pieces in the Council of York, and did me the 
favor to promise me that at his journey to Boston he would procure me the con- 
tinuation of that stipend that I had in times past. But having learned at Boston, 
through Mr. Nanfan, his Lieutenant, that I annexed my signature to an ecclesias- 
tical certificate which the Churches and Pastors of this Province had given to 
Sieur Delius, Minister of Albany, who had not the good fortune to please his late 
Lordship, his defunct Excellency cut off his thirty pieces which he had ordered me 
in his Council at York, deprived me of the Boston pension of twenty five pieces, 
.writing to London to have that deduction approved, and left me, during three 
years last past, in an extreme destitution of the means of subsistence. 

I believed, my Lord, that in so important a service as that in which I am em- 
ployed. I ought not to discourage myself, and that the Providence of God which 



1494 Ecclesiastical Records 

does not abandon those who have recourse to his aid by well doing, would provide 
in its time for my relief. 

Your Excellency's equity; the affection you have evinced to us for the encourage- 
ment of those who employ themselves constantly & faithfully in God"s service 
induce me to hope that I shall have a share in the dispensation of your justice to 
relieve me from my suffering so that I may be aided and encouraged to continue 
my service in which by duty and gratitude I shall Continue with my flock to pray 
God for the preservation of your person, of your illustrious family and the pros- 
perity of your government; remaining Tour Excellency's most humble & most 
respectful Servant, Daniel Bondet. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. lii. p. 562. 

Oeder and Report ojst the Petition from ISTew Rochelle. 

At a Council held at Fort William Henry this 29th day of June 1702. 

Sa. Sh. Broughtonl 

Garrard Beekman j. Esqrs. ^^^^^ Heathcote, Esq. 

Rip Van Dam J 

John Bridges, Doctor of Laws. 

Upon the motion of Coll. Heathcote that the Minister of New Rochelle had for- 
merly a sallary allowed him out of the Revenue which the late Earl of Bellmont 
deprived him of, it is hereby ordered that the petition of the said Minister formerly 
Dd. to his Excellency be referred to the said Coll. Heathcote who is to Examine 
into the Allegations and Report the same. 

By order of his Excellency & Council, 

B. Cosens, Clk. Concilj. 

May it please your Excellency: In obedience to your Excell. Commands I have 
Examined into the Allegations of the within Petition & do find, that the Peti- 
tioner was employed about fifteen years ago by the corporation for Propagating 
the Xtian ffaith amongst the Indians at a place called New Oxford near Boston, 
with the allowance of a salary of twenty five pounds a year, where he consumed 
the little he brought with him from ffrance in settling himself for that Service, and 
being afterwards by reason of the War compelled to fly from thence, his Improve- 
ments were wholly lost. Durelng the time of his stay there, which was about eight 
years, it appears by a certificate under the hands of the late Lieut. Governour 
Stroughton of Boston, Walt Wlnthrope, Increase Mather, and Charles Morton, that 
he with great faithfullnesse care & industry discharged his duty both in reference 
to Xtians & Indians, and was of an unblemished life and Conversation. After 
his being called to New Rochelle the Corporation aforementioned in consideration 
of his past services & sufferings, were pleased still to continue him his salary 
which he enjoyed until the arrival of the late Earl of Bellomont, who havelng 
settled thirty pounds a year upon him out of the Revenue used afterwards his 
intrest with the said Corporation to take of the Sallery, they had all along allowed 
him, which no sooner was effected but he immediately suspended him allso from 
the thirty pounds a year he had settled upon him, by which means the Petitioner 
is left with a very deplorable Condition not being able with the sallary that Is 
allowed him at New Rochelle, which is only twenty pounds a year to support 
himself and family. All which is humbly Submitted by 

Tour Excellency's most Obedient humble Sprvnnt, 

Caleb Heathcote. 
— Doc. Hist. N. T. Vol. ill. p. 563. 

OF THE State of Xew Yoke. 1495 

Extracts from Cornbury's Proposals With the Five 
Natiojs's, Etc, 

Mohawk Missions. 


1702, July 15. 

As to the two ministers that were appointed for ye Instruction of ye Brethren 
in ye Christian Faith, one here at Albany and ye other at Schenectady, I under- 
stand that ye Brethren have been told that ye minister of Schenectady was alone 
appointed for that worii and not ye Minister here; I desire to Isnow who is the 
Author of that story, since I find upon your own request two j^ears agoe, the Min- 
ister here was directed to take pains with you, and learn your language ye better 
to enable him to serve you in ye work of ye Gospell, and ye interpretesse appointed 
to be his assistant in that affair as formerly I reckon this has been fomented by 
those Restlesse Spirits, who of late have endeavoured to disturb the peace of 
the Government; but I shall take care to prevent such wickednesse for ye future, 
and you may be assured that those that are inclined to be Christians shall have 
all ye Incouragement imaginable. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 983. 

Awanay, a Sachim of ye Mohags, in ye Maquase Fraying Indians stood up and 

Brother Corlaer: — 

There has been feuds and animosities among us Christian Indians, and last sum- 
mer we were recommended to amity and Friendship; but it hath not had that 
good effect upon us as could have been wished for; we have been lately exhorted 
by your Lordship, at Mr. Lydius's ye ministers house, to unite as Christians and 
not to live in envy and malice, which are the works of Satan, not becoming 
Christians, but to live in Peace and concord, and then God would blesse us; which 
last exhortation hath so wrought upon our spirits, that we are now all united 
and friends; we return your Lordship our hearty thanks for ye pains you have 
been pleased to take in that affair, and as an acknowledgment of our Gratitude 
give a belt of Wampum. 

The said Awanay acquainted ye Five Nations that in regard they had also 
recommended them to unity they had followed their advice, and that there was 
now a thorough reconciliation; and as a token thereof gave ye Five Nations a 
Belt of Wampum. 

His Excellency told ye Sachims of ye Five Nations that he would consider of 
what they had now said and would in a short time give them an answer. 

P. Schuijler, 
Dirck Wessells, Robert Livingstone, 

Justies of Pace. Secretary for ye Indian Affairs. 

1702, August 17. Proposalls made by De Kannissore, Cheiffe Sachim 
of Onondage, and two other Indians of said nation to his Excel- 
lency, Lord Cornbury, etc. 

Present — Coll. P. Schuyler. D. Wessells. 

J. Bleeker, Mayor. J. Abeel, Recorder. 

Brother Corlaer: — 

I am glad to see your Excellency here in ye house where we are wont to speak 
to one another. I am to acquaint you with a message which ye Governor of 
Canada has sent to our four upper nations, viz. that three of each nation should 
go to Canada to treat with him; but the Mohogs he has nothing to say to, as for 
my own part I will not goe, but will send one of my family. 


1496 Ecclesiastical Records 

Our Sachims were arrived two days before I came from home. There are great 
divisions in Onondage one half of ye Indians are inclined to have a French Jesuit 
among them ye other half are against it and many of those that are for ye Priests 
seem to be inclined to hearken to Corlaer and to take a minister to instruct them 
in ye Christian faith: do give a faddom of Wampum. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 998. 

Cornbury's Answer. 

I understand also that some of your people are gone to fetch a Jesuit from 
Canada not with standing it was concluded by all ye five nations not so much 
as to suffer one to come into your country much less to send for him Now Brethren 
whatever I have promised I will take care shall be religiously observed on my 
part, and since that is my Resolution I expect that what you have promised 
should in like manner be punctually observed, I am now sending over to England 
to be supplied with ministers to instruct you in the Christian faith and therefore 
can stand in no need of any from ye French I shall conclude and hold fast the 
Resolutions made when ye five nations were here last, and hope ye brethren will 
doe the same, in token whereof I give you a faddom of Wampum. — Col. Docs. 
N. Y. iv. 999. 

[1702, Aug. 1-10. Synod of North Holland held at Eukhuyzen. No references t© 


Trinity Church and the King's Farm. 

Aug. 6, 1702. 

The King's Farm had been first leased to Trinity Church by Governor Fletcher 
in 1697. Bellomont had secured the annulling of that lease in 1699. Lord Corn- 
bury in 1702, renewed the lease to Trinity Church during his term of office at 
an annual rental of sixty bushels of wheat. At a meeting of the Vestry held 
August 6, 1702. 

" Mr. Vesey and Mr. Wenham reported, that Mr. Clarkson, dec'd., one of the 
Tennants of the King's Farme, before his death and after the granting of a new 
lease from the Right Honorable Edward, Lord Viscount Cornbury, did relinquish 
his right and interest in the lease thereof to the Church. Captain Wilson, in 
consideration of a peece of Plate, to be given him by the Corporation of Trinity 
Church within twelve months next ensuing, doth surrender his interest and right 
in the said lease for the Farme, to come to the Church, and bears the charges he 
has bene at, in defending and maintaining the Church's right thereto ". 

Also: " It is agreed by this Board that George Ryders have the Farme the 
remaining part of the year till the first of May next, that he shall have liberty 
to take off his winter and summer grain, provided he plant no Indian Corne next 
Spring therein, that he sow no more summer grain next spring than winter grain, 
that he commit not any waste, leave the fences in repair and good order; he paying 
for the same the sum of thirty five pounds to the Church Wardens for the use 
6t the Church ".— Dix's Hist. Trinity Ch. i. 141. 

Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury. 

Cornbury appointed also Governor of New Jersey. 
To the Right Honorable the Lord Viscount Cornbury, 
My Lord: — 

Her Majesty has been pleased to appoint you her Governour of New Jersey, upon 
the surrender of the Proprietors of their right to the Government of that Province 
and your Commission and Instructions have been dispatched accordingly. We 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1497 

must recommend to you upon this occasion that you use your best endeavour to 
compose those animosities which have so unhappily divided the people there and 
to settle that Province as may be most for her Majesty's Service. 

Tour having proclaimed her Majesty at New Yorke and New Jersey has been 
inserted in the Gazette here. 



Sept. 24, 1702. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 966. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

My Lords: — 

A. In my former letters to your Lordships I acquainted you that at my first 
arrival in this Province I met with great complaints from the generality of the 
people here against the persons then in power here but more particularly against 
Mr. Atwood, Mr. Weaver, Coll. De Peyster, Dr. Staats and Mr. Walters who 
are the five gentlemen that composed the Council at my arrival here. I hoped at 
first that Complaints had been greater than they needed have been, but when I 
looked into the reasons of them I found them inferior to the injuries. The 
chiefest, honestest and richest inhabitants of this Province had suffered by the 
wicked contrivances of Mr. Atwood and Mr. Weaver, who had been the cheif 
Actors of all the mischeifs and misunderstandings here though the others were 
very willing instruments to assist them as far as they were able in the destroying 
this Province which appears plainly to me to have been their design hoping no 
doubt thereby to raise their fortunes to a very great pitch upon the ruines of 
the English and French inhabitants here in general and most of the richest of 
the Dutch, who all of them having long enjoyed the benefits of the English Gov- 
ernment were not only content to live quietly under it but have always been ready 
to assist it with their purses as often as required till they saw plainly they were 
to be made a prey to the unsatiable avarice of the persons above mentioned, 

B Who had projected the extirpation of the English here. This appears to have 
been their design by several instances particularly turning the English out of all 
the Commissions of the peace and Militia through the Province and putting Dutch- 
men into their places who were generally the meanest of the people, men ex- 
tremely ignorant of all things few of them understanding the English tongue 
much less the laws. 

D. I am sorry the great mortality that we have lately had at York has so much 
diminished our number there, for in ten weeks time the sickness has swept away 
upward of five hundred people of all ages and sexes; Some men of note and 
amongst the rest Capt. Stapleton dyed two days ago, he was Commander of her 
Majesty's ship Jersey and brought me into this Province. I hope the cold weather 
will be a great means to abate the fury of it. 

F. At my arrival here I found Coll. Bayard and one Hutchins an Alderman 
of the City of New York in prison under sentence of death for High Treason, 
which Treason was no other than the signing Addresses to the late King and the 
House of Commons of England complaining of the grievances they labored under 
and likewise a congratulatory Address to me to be given to me at my arrival into 
the Province which it seems was treason too. The two original Addresses to the 
King and Parliament I herewith transmit to your Lordship at the request of the 
Gentlemen who signed them I send you likewise copies of all papers relating 


1498 Ecclesiastical Secoeds 

lo Coll. Bayards tryal as I had them from the clerk of the Council and from other 
persons who had collected them as well as they could, for Mr. Atwood would not 
permit any minutes to be taken in Court so that I cannot send you so perfect 
an account as I could wish, but it is the best I could get. Coll. Bayard has lately 
printed his tryal upon such Minutes as he was able to take himself while he was 
at the Bar which I likewise send to your Lordships* with copies of all the Ad- 
dresses delivered to me since I came hither by which you will see what a condi- 
tion the people of this Province were in. 

N. I must likewise acquaint your Lordships that I have been at Albany to 
renew the Covenant Chain with the Five Nations of Indians whom I found full 
of complaints saying we did not keep our promises with them. The conference 
was pretty long therefore I have troubled you with a particular letter on that 
subject and likewise send you the conference itself at large therefore I shall say 
no more upon that matter now. 

P. I think it my duty to recommend to your Lordships favour and care the 
case of Coll. Nicholas Bayard and Alderman John Hutchins whom I found under 
sentence of death for High Treason. If I may take the liberty to give your 
Lordships my opinion upon the proceedings against those two Gentlemen, I must 
say they were the most unjust that were ever heard of or known. I always 
thought that the statute of the 2-5 of Edward the third had limited Treason, but 
it seems Mr. Atwood is of another mind, for he declared upon the Bench that 
whatever was Treason by the Common law before the passing of that Act, was 
Treason still notwithstanding that Act; If so that Act is of little use to the 
subject who must be very unhappy under such a Judge. But allow Mr. Atwood 
to be in the right and allow the papers to be really Treasonable papers (which 
I conceive they are not) still they are not justly condemned for those papers had 
at that time never been seen by Capt. Nanfan nor any of the Council nor by 
Mr. Weaver who was made Solicitor Generall on purpose for that tryal (an office 
never known in this Province before) nor by the Grand Jury who found the Bill, 
nor by the petty Jury who tryed the Prisoners so that in truth these men were 
condemned for supposed written Treason which was never produced in evidence 
against them, nor proved to be Treason; for I think it is very plain by the oathes 
of the witnesses both before the Council and in Court that their is nothing like 
Treason contained in their depositions against the prisoners therefore I conclude 
that they were condemned unjustly and contrary to the known laws of England, 
and therefore I hope your Lordships will be pleased to intercede with her Majesty 
in behalf of Coll. Bayard and Hutchins that the sentence against them may be 
reserved. There were many other irregularities committed in the proceedings 
against those men. For example, the special Commission limited the Judges to 
hear try and determine that very numerical day mentioned in the Commission 
which was the 19th day of February and they had no power to adjourn to any 
other day notwithstanding which Mr. Atwood adjourned several times the Court. 
Another irregularity was with respect to the Grand Jury. Mr. Weaver the new 
Sollicitor insisted upon it that he had a right to sit with the Grand Jury and that 
no witness should be examined but such as he should think fit. Four of the Grand 
Jury opposed this and would not be perswaded to suffer it for which Mr. Atwood 
dismissed those four men from being of the Jury after they were sworn and 
possessed of the bill and put in four other men which he thought more for his 
purpose. There were nineteen persons upon the Grand Jury of which eight would 
not find the Bill, so there remained but eleven notwithstanding which the foreman 

* It is entitled, — "An account of the Illegal Prosecution and Tryall of Coll. 
Nicholas Bayard, in the Province of New York for supposed high treason in the 
year 1701/2. Collected from several memorials taken by divers persons privately, 
the commissioners having strictly prohibited the taking of the tryal in open Court. 
New York, 1702." Folio pp. 44. The trial is reprinted in Collection of State Trials, 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1499 

of the Grand Jury (who is a brother of Coll. De Pcyster) indorsed the Bil!, Billa 
Vera, and when the Council for the Prisoners insisted that the Prisoners could 
not be put upon their Tryal because the Bill was not only found Mr. Atwood 
declared that in this case the Grand Jury was but an inquest of office aud that 
though the Bill was found by a less number than twelve it was sufficient to put 
them upon their tryal and accordingly proceeded. He would not allow any body 
to take any notes in Court not so much as the Practitioners of the Court. These 
are some of the irregularities of that tryal I could name many more were I not 
afraid of tiring you with them. 


Orange County, 

Sept. 27, 1702. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 971, 972, 973, 974, 975. 

Lord Coenbuey's Eeasons for Suspei^dixg Thomas Weaver, 


October 2, 1702. 

That pursuant to such his wicked Practises he procured himself to be appointed 
Sollicitor Generall (a new office in this Government) for that purpose the Attorney 
Generall giving his advice and opinion to ye Contrary and declining to appear in 
such unjust Prosecutions. 

That in combination with other his confederates he prosecuted Coll. Nicholas 
Bayard and Alderman John Hutchins and caused them to be condemned as Tray- 
tors for new Invented and unheard of Treasons the only facts offered to be proved 
against them being their advising others and signing themselves and address to 
His Majesty, and address to ye Honorable House of Commons and another to 
myself the last being only a civill congratulation on my arrivall and with much 
violence endeavoured to procure the said Bayard and Hutchins to be put to death 
for the same though the said three Addresses were never procured in Court on 
those Tryalls nor the matter contained in them ever duly proved. 

That from the time of my arrivall to the day of his suspension though I have 
very often desired him I never could obtain any account whatsoever of ye State 
of ye Revenue or other publick money which had come to his hands and he was 
accountable for.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1013. 

Lord Cornbury's Eeasons for Suspending Chief-Justice 


1702, Oct. 2. 

Of the said Attwoods partiality I have myselfe always been a witness as often 
as he hath sate with me in ye Court of Chancery here. 

That upon my arrival att ye entrance of ye Port of New Yorke Immediately 
a great number of ye principal inhabitants of ye Province, English, Dutch, and 
French together with ye minister of ye English Church who had for some time 
before been drove from their habitations of New Yorke and had been forced to 
shelter themselves and their goods in the neighboring Province by reason of a 
violent and unheard of Persecution by ye persons then exerciseing ye Powers 
of Government in this Province, came to me on board His Majesty's Ship ye 
Jersey and greivously complaining of ye great hardships and persecution that 
they and a great number more of ye principal Inhabitants who had been forced 
to flye into other Provinces more remote, lay under, That had it not been for 
ye hopes of my speedy arrivall from whom the hoped for succour Justice and 
Releife, the City of New York especially and a great part of ye Province had 
been left desolate. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1011. 

1500 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

William Atwood. 

Further information respecting the times, 1701-2, may be found in a small pam- 
phlet, entitled " The Case of William Atwood, London, 1703 ". This has been 
reprinted by the New York Historical Society in its collections for 1880, p. 237. 
Atwood was appointed Chief Justice of the Province of New York, and Judge of 
Admiralty there and in Neighboring Colonies by William III. The above "men- 
tioned pamphlet gives also an account of the government and people of the Prov- 
ince, and especially of the circumstances connected with the trial and attainder 
of Bayard and Hutchins; who were reprieved before Cornbury's arrival upon 
acknowledging their offences and begging pardon. — Dix, 131. 

Address of the Inhabitants of the Province of New York 
TO Lord Cornbuey. 

1702, Oct. 2. 

To the Right Honorable Edward Lord Viscount Cornbury his Majesties Governor 
of New York. 

Whereas many of us live remote, and the time of your Lordships arrivall being 
uncertain, wee have presumed to take this method of expressing the sincerity 
and fervor of our affections. Humbly addressing your Lordship by this paper, 
congratulating your Lordships safe arrivall and that of your noble Lady and 

We do assure your Lordship that we have and will alwaies conserve a zealous 
and steady resolution to support and promote, to the utmost of our power, the 
Honor and Interest of our most gracious Soveraing, Lord King William (whom 
God long preserve to Reigne over us) in this part of his Dominions; and if it shall 
please God, his Majesty see it for the Honor and Interest of the English Nation 
to engage in a new Warr, wee shall cheerfully undertake the Duty and Charges 
thereof in these Frontiers Provinces as we have done in all the last Warr; and 
will not be wanting to your Excellency in the hearty expressions of our duty sup- 
porting and supply those your Lordship shall judge necessary to adjust an impartial 
administration of Government to all his Majesty's subjects Inhabiting this 

We have this entire confidence in your Lordship's great prudence, justice, cour- 
age and conduct that with the blessing of God upon your Lordships endeavours 
we doubt not to enjoy safety and protection from our enemies abroad. Liberty of 
conscience. Peace and tranquility at home, and that the name of Party and 
Faction may henceforth vanish with every thing contradictory to the true English 

That your Lordship be successful! in attaining all the ends of good government, 
grown in your Prince's favor, and have the due Reverence as well as the cordial 
affections of the People here under your directions, live long and happily amongst 
us to the praise and Glory of Almighty God and your Lordships Satisfaction 
and contents, are the cordial wishes and constant prayers of your Lordship's 
most obedient dutiful and humble Servants. 

Signed by 346 Persons of the City of New York and also by Deputies from 
ye severall Counties of ye Provinces.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1005. 

OF THE State of Kew York. 1501 

Addeess of the Inhabitants of IJlstee County to Lord 


1702, Oct. 2. 

To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Cornbury Captain Generall and Gov- 
ernor in Chief of her Majesties Province of New York and Territories depending 
thereon in America and Vice Admirall of the same. 

The humble address of the Chiefest and Principal Inhabitants of the 
County of Ulster. 

May it please your Excellency: 

This is not only in the name of those whose hands have already witnesseth 
their unfeigned rejoicing for your Lordship's safe arrival into this Province and 
that have expressed their submission by the assurances of their dutiful compli- 
ance but also of many others that doe from their hearts, bid and say your Excel- 
lency is right welcome into this Countrey. 

My Lord: 

It is our unhappiness we cannot say tis in the name of the whole for these 
wedges that have been formerly forged, these last four years have been tempered 
to that extream hardnesse that have split the County, almost into two halves, 
Yet we thank God, can say we are the Chiefest and Greatest Part. 


It is us that humbly crave leave to congratulate your Excellency's extraordinary 
good successe in the negotiation which the five nations of Indians which is of 
that great import to all these Her Majesties Northern Dominions as well as this 
Province and to expresse our gratefull resentment (satisfaction) for your Lord- 
ships untired Fatigues and Vigilance in fortifying the Frontiers against our North- 
ern Enemies upon which foundation we can build our glowing hopes of Security as 
well as our faith to believe it to be a clear manifestacon and undeniable Proof 
of your Excellencies great care and conduct and will of necessity oblige every 
grateful and Loyal Soul cheerfully to contribute not only with heart and hand 
but with that also which is esteemed the Sinews of War. 

My Lord: 

The Ingratitude of the nine Leapers putt us in mind to return with the tenth 
to express our Duty by our thankful acknowledgement for those particular favors 
received by Commissionating a judge of our Court whose affections for the Eng- 
lishe Interest and uprighteousnesse the most malitious cannot blame, and the 
Sheriff and Clerks Qualifications not to be ashamed by such as have had those 
places in the time of the two late Governors these favors we have received from 
your Lordships will be more than double ties to us to make it our whole Study 
upon all occasions to manifest our Allegiance and Loyalty to Her Majesty and 
our obedience to your Excellency against all the open and Private enemies to 
the English Interest and your Lordships Administration. 


The Fears that the Threads of our Ravelled Expression will too much weary 
your Lordship to wind into Clues doth hinder us from uttering more of our sincere 
dutiful Obedience but to repeat our prayer that in the whole course of your Ex- 
cellency's administration you may find ease. Tranquillity and happiness, and that 
it may be Steady and durable till your Lordship be removed to the heavenly 
Kingdome shall be our constant intercession to the King of Kings. 

(Signed by twenty nine names.) 

This a true copy compared with the original remaining in the Governors hands. 

Pr. Dan Honan, Secretary. 
New York, — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1009-10. 

Oct. 2, 1702. 



1502 Ecclesiastical Records 

Church of ISTew York. Choice of Elders. 

Oct. 15, 1702. 

In Consistory of Ruling Elders and Deacons, the following 
Resolution was adopted. 

After prayer, the Consistory considered whether it would not 
be well, in imitation of many other Dutch Reformed Churches, 
to choose for Elders any fit persons from the members of our 
congregation, although they have never before been Elders 
(Deacons?) whenever such a course should be thought to further 
the upbuilding of our church. They approve this plan, especially 
for the present, on account of the great mortality which has pre- 
vailed this year, in our city. Therefore it was judged proper that 
the Deacons who go out of office, if they should be chosen imme- 
diately upon their going out, should be able to serve in the Elder- 
ship. All this was unanimously resolved and confirmed, by the 
Ruling Consistory, Elders and Deacons, on Thursday, Oct. 17, 

Council Journal. 

Gov. Combury recommends Schools; and a Chaplain. 

1702, Oct. 20. Governor Cornbury, in his first address to the 
Assembly, recommended the erecting of Public Schools in proper 
places. 177. 

1702, Oct. 20. Ordered. That a message be sent to the House 
of Representatives, acquainting them of the usage and custom of 
the Parliament of England to appoint a Chaplain to read prayers 
to them every morning before they proceed on business that day, 
and to desire that they will do the same. 177. 

OF THE State of iSTew York. 1503 

Petition of the Eldees of the Dutch Chueches ik- Kings Co. 


To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Combury her Majesty's Captain General 
and Governor in Chiefe of the Province of New Yorke and Territoryes depend- 
ing thereon in America etc., and Vice Admiral of the same etc. The humble 
petition of the Elders of four Dutch Churches in Kings County; Brookland, 
Fflatbush, Fflatlands and New Utrecht whose names are underwritten. 

Humbly Sheweth Unto your Excellency that your petitioners of late were impow- 
ered by the people of their several townes to call and send for a minister either 
out of this Province or out of Holland to instruct them in their mothei-'s tongue 
in the place of their late Minister Mr. Lupardus deceased and accordingly had 
severall meetings about said matter, and at last concluded to address your Ex- 
cellency ffor leave to send ffor and call one Mr. Bernardus Ffreeman Minister of 
Schenechida to be their minister, whereupon may it please your Excellency a 
petition was prepared by your petitioners ffor that end and sent by Coll. Gerardus 
Beekman to your Excellency who promised the delivery of it, but ffailed in his 
promise, and writt us a letter that said petition was not well penned, and that 
there was some fifaults therein, and therefore would not deliver said peticon, 
soone after the receipt of which letter your petitioners waited upon your Excel- 
lency about said matter at Coll. Merritts and your Excellency was pleased to say 
you would give us an answer in a ffew days which at our return home we In- 
formed our people accordingly; 

Notwithstanding all this a great part of the people of said townes were inraged 
with your petitioners in craving your Excellencyes leaue to call said minister and 
would haue noe patience to waite ffor your Excellencyes answer, but fforthwith 
some of the people of fflatbush aforesaid Craued an order from said Coll. Beek- 
man for a towne meeting which was granted, and in said towne meeting a great 
party of said people grossly affronted and abused said Joseph Hegeman one of 
your petitioners and Elders as aforesaid ffor not sending ffor said Ffreeman, said 
Hegeman told them that he had waited upon your Excellency about it, but would 
not call said minister before he had your Excellenceys leaue, to that severall re- 
plyed, that your Excellency had nothing to doo with it, twas their priviledge to 
send ffor what minister they pleased without your Excellencyes leaue, and upon 
that immediately made an order to leaue said Hegeman and other the Elders of 
Fflattbush out, and at said time chose Daniel Polhemus, Aries Van der bilt and 
Inglebert Lott in their places fforthwith to send ffor said Ffreeman, a copy of 
which towne order has bin required of the clerke by one of your petitioners which 
was refused saying it was Cutt out of the towne books by some of said towne 
that he would not name, soo likewise may it please your Excellency the irregular 
proceedings in this affaire at Broockland aforesaid of one Claes Vandyke and 
Nicholas Brower who went lately about said towne taking subscriptions ffor said 
minister without any order therefor, soe that may it please your Excellency your 
petitioners lyes under a great hate amongst a great party of the people in doeing 
only their duty, said people noising among one another that 'tis the Elders ffaults 
that they haue not said Ffreeman ffor their Minister. 

Your Excellencyes petitioners therefore humbly prayes that your Excellency 
would be pleased to grant them the liberty either to call or send ffor said Mr. 
Bernardus Ffreeman to be their minister or otherwise to send to Holland ffor a 
Minister to instruct them in their owne language according to the rules and 
methods of their Church discipline and ffor your Excellencyes health & happiness 
your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray etc. 

Derek Amerman. 

Jores Hanson. 

Joseph Hegeman. 

Stoffel Probaske. 

Gerret Stoothoff. 

Jaques Cortiljou. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. Hi. pp. 89, 90. 



1504 Ecclesiastical Records 

•^ Order of Council Thereupon. 

(Council Min. ix.) 

In Council; 20th October, 1Y02. 

Present liis Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury etc. 

William Smith Gerard Beekman 

Sa Sh Broughton Eip Van Dam 

Wm. Lawrence Caleb Heathcote, Esqs. 

John Bridges Doctor of Laws. 

The petition of the Elders of the four Dutch Churches in 
Kings County was read and ordered that the said petitioners or 
some of them do attend the Board on Thursday morning next 
at ten of the Clock, and make good the allegations in the petition ; 
and ordered that Johannes Schenck To^^^l Clerk of Flattbush do 
appear before this Board at the same time and bring with him 
the book of the orders made at the towne meeting of the Inhab- 
itants of the said towne. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 90, 91. 

Depositions Regarding the Above Matter; October 21, 1702. 

Then appeared before me Machiell Hansen Esq., one of her 
Majestyes Justices of the Peace & Quorum ffor King's County in 
ISTassaw Island Joras Remsen one of the ffreeholders in said 
County who did declare upon the holy Evangelists that Mcholas 
Brower and Claes Vandyke both of the Township of Broockland 
in said County on or about the sixteenth day of this Instant Oc- 
tober came to his house at Broockland aforesaid and askt him if 
he would signe with them to a paper to send ifor Mr. ffreeman 
Minister of Schenectida to be their minister, and said Joras an- 
swered noe, not unless all the people alsoe signe & ffurther saith 
not etc. 

Johannes Sy^monse one of the ffreeholders of said towne of 
Broockland alsoe sworne saith that on or about the sixteenth day 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1505 

of this Instant October said Nicholas Brower and Claes Vandyke 
Came to his house and askt him if he would signe with them to 
send ffor Mr. Ff reeman Minister of Schenectada to be their Minis- 
ter and if he would signe to a paper with them ffor the Choosing 
of three men in the place of the Elders of said Towne to send ffor 
said Minister, and he answered them noe, he would haue nothing 
to doe with it, & further saith not, etc. 

Jacobus Debeavois one of the ffreeholders of said towne of 
Broockland alsoe Came before me and being sworne saith that on 
or about the sixteenth da;^ of this Instant October said JSTicholas 
Brower and Claes Vandyke Came to his house and askt him if 
he would signe with them to a paper to send ffor Mr. Ffreeman 
Minister of Schenectada to be their Minister, and what sume of 
monyi he would giue yearly ffor his maintenance, and if he would 
alsoe signe to a paper ffor the Choosing of Benjamin Van de 
water, William Bennet and Jacob ffardon in the place of the 
Elders of said towne to send ffor said Minister, and he answered 
them he would haue nothing to doe with it, and said Nicholas 
soon after told said Jacobus that he had gott about thirty hands 
that had signed to said paper, but the said Jacobus saith he saw 
noe order that the said Nicholas and Claes had for soe doing & 
ffurther saith not etc. 

Jurant coram me anno et die super diet. 

Miggiel Hansen, Justus. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 91. 

^ EuBTHER Order of Council.. 
(Council Min.) 

In Council, 22nd October, 1Y02. 

Present as before, except Coll. Heathcote. 

The Elders of the four Dutch Churches in Kings County to- 
gether with the Town Clerk of the Town of fflatbush appeared 
before this Board in obedience to an order of the 20th Instant, 



1506 Ecclesiastical Records 

and the said Towne Clerk being examined Confessed that the 
order made at the Town Meeting at fflatbiish was taken out of the 
said Town book by Aries Vanderbelt and himself, and that it now 
is in the said Aries Vanderbelt's custody. Ordered that the said 
Town Clerk do immediately Deliver to this Board the Contents of 
the said Order, in writing so near as he can remember, which 
being done It is ordered that the said Aries Vanderbelt do ap- 
peare before this Board to-morrow morning at ten of the clock 
and that said Town Clerk do attend at the said time. — Doc. Hist. 
K Y. Vol. iii. pp. 91, 92. 

v^ Petition of the Consistory on Long Island, October 23, 
1702, to Call Rev. Freeman of Schenectady. 

(1) To his Excellency, Edward, Lord Viscount Cornbury, her Majesty's Captain 
General and Governor General of the Province of New York and Territories 
depending thereon in America, and Vice-Admiral of the same: 

The humble petition of the Elders of the four Dutch churches in the several vil- 
lages of Breukelen, Vlaktebosch, New Amersfoort and New Uitrecht, In Kings 
County, on the Island of Nassau, whose names are here under written — 

Humbly sheweth — To your Excellency, that her Majesty's subjects of the Dutch 
nation, in said county, have always, for some years past, indeed, ever since this 
province has been in the possession of the English Crown, enjoyed liberty as to 
their divine service; and have had the right to send to Holland for their minis- 
ters, who nurture and instruct them, in their own language; and they have also 
had the privilege to use their own methods of church discipline, but always with 
due submission (to the government); even as they have had permission from the 
present Governor so to act; of these favors they have already made use, and for 
them they are very grateful. 

Now may it please your Excellency, the minister of your Excellency's peti- 
tioners has lately died, (Lupardus): and considering the great necessity of a min- 
ister among us in these deplorable times and days of visitations, as well as the 
long, and at present also dangerous passage, in these times of war, if we send 
to Holland: and having come upon a minister without any salary, as he says, a 
certain Mr. Freerman, lately minister at Schenectady, whom our people and 
church-assembly admire very much: Therefore 

Your Excellency's petitioners most humbly request permission and liberty to 
call him, and to send for and confirm the said Mr. Freerman to be the minister of 
the said four churches, pursuant to their former customs and the Rules of their 
church discipline; and as in duty bound they will ever pray for your Excellency's 
health and happiness. 

Joseph Hegeman The mark X of 

Gerrit Stoothof Jan Fredrick 

Daniel Rapalie Jaques Corteljou 

Dirck Amerman Stoffel Probasco 

Joris Hansen The mark X o' 

The mark X of Gysbert Tysselane 

Claas Wykhof Meijndert Koerten. 

or THE State of New York. 1507 

V Answer of the GoTernor. 

(2) By his Excellency, Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain General and Governor 
of the Province of New York and Territories dependiag thereon in America, 
and Vice-Admiral of the same. 

The within petition having duly been considered, and having been sufficiently 
informed that Mr. Bernardus Freerman has not behaved well in the continuation 
and encouragement of the dissensions among the people of this province, I do 
not think it to accord with her Majesty's service, that said Mr. Freerman should 
be admitted to the call, as requested in said petition, and the petitioners are 
hereby ordered neither to call nor to receive said Freerman. But liberty is here- 
with given to them to send to Holland or any other place, for such a minister 
as they shall think fit, according to their old customs. 

Given at Jamaica, in Queens County, this 23rd of October 1702.. 


Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. 92. 

New York the 16th of May 1706. Translated from the original English petition 
and answered by 

Abrah. Gouverneur, 

Interpreter and Translator. 

This copy, having been compared with the original agrees with it in every part. 
In testimony whereof our hands — 

V. Antonides, Minister at Midwoud. 
Gualtherus du Bois, Minister at New York. 
Henricus Beis, V.D.M., at Kingstowne. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

Somethiiig about the Conventus of Suriname. 

1Y02, !N'ov. Yth. Rev. Domine Zeegers reports, that in pur- 
suance of the resolution, to be seen in the preceding acta, he 
communicated to the Hon. Burgomaster, John Hudde, the griev- 
ances mentioned in the aforesaid acta. He then handed them over 
to Mr. Pensionary Buys, to be considered at the meeting of the 
Messrs. Directors of the Society of Suriname (for sending min- 
isters thither.) ix. 24. xix. 266. 

Convention of Anglican Chuech in New York, Novembee 


The Episcopalians felt the need of some sort of united action 
for the extension of their denomination. Gov. Nicholson of Yir- 
ginia issued a call for a meeting of the Episcopal clergy in New 
York in November 1702. Seven of their Ministers met there, 
viz.. Revs. John Talbot, John Bartow, George Keith, Alexander 



1508 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Innes, Edmond Mott, Evan Evans and Mr. Vesey. Gov. Mchol- 
son gave twenty five pounds towards defraying the expenses of 
the meeting, which lasted for a week. Measures were discussed 
and devised for the extension of the Gospel. Stress was laid on 
the need of Episcopal services, and an earnest wish was expressed 
that a suffragan might be sent out from England. A statement 
of the condition of the Church was prepared to send to England 
so as to show the necessity of a suffragan. But it received but 
little attention in England. 

[Coll. P. E. Hist. Soc. 185, xv. xxi, xxxiii. ; letter of Bartow, 
^ov. 4, 1702, to Mr. Whitefield, ^. Y. Gen. Conv. MSS.] 

ISTovember, 15. Mr. Keith again preached in jSTew York, on 
Rev. 3 : 20, " Behold I stand at the door and knock, etc.," it being 
Sacrament day. On jSTovember 22, he again preached, on Rom. 
6: IT, 18, " But God be thanked that ye were the servants of sin, 
but ye have obeyed etc.," Rev. Mr. Talbot preached in the after- 
noon. Gov. Cornbury invited them to dine with him on these two 
Sundays and at other times. Keith in writing to the Society, 
says: "My Lord Cornbury invited us to dine with him at Eort 

Henry, as accordingly we did after sermon There 

is a brave congregation of people belonging to the Church here, 
as well as a very fine f abrick of a church, and the Rev. Mr. Vesey^ 
very much esteemed and loved for his ministry and good life ; and 
the like I can say of all the other ministers of the Church, where 
I have travelled, as at Boston, at Rhode Island and Philadelphia." 

The Bishop of London requested the Commissioners of Trade 
to provide a house for Mr. Vesey; for King William had allowed 
twenty six pounds annually for rent of a house for Trinity's min- 
ister. Also as one hundred and ten acres in Worcester Co., 1^. Y. 
had been escheated to the Queen by the death of one Thomas 
Williams, they were requested to settle this land upon Trinity 
Church for the support of a minister. — Dix, 143. 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1509 

Rev. John Taebot to Mr. Gillingham. 

New York 24th November, 1702. 

The Clergy here have had a sort of convocation at the 

instance and charge of his Excellency, Colonel Nicholson, Governor of Virginia, 
we were but seven in all, and a week together we Sat considering of ways and 
means to propagate the Gospel, and to that end we have drawn up a scheme of 
the present State of the Church in these provinces, which you shall see when I 
have time to transcribe it, and I shall desire you to send it afterwards to my 
good brother Kemble. We have great need of a bishop here to visit all the 
Churches, to ordain some, to confirm others, and bless all. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. 
iii. p. 251 

Church of Kinderhook. [Rev.] Paul Van Vleck. 
(Council Min. ix.) 

In Council, 12 N"ovember, 1702. 

His Excellency in Council being informed that one Paulus van 
Vleck hath lately wandered about the country preaching notwith- 
standing he hath been formerly forbidden by his Excellency to 
do the same and is lately called by some of the Inhabitants of 
Kinderhook to be their Clerk without any License from his Ex- 
cellency for so doing. It is hereby ordered that the high Sheriff 
of the county of Albany do take care to send the said Van Vleck 
dowa by the first opportunity to answer his contempt before tliis 
board. — Doc. Hist. K Y. Vol. iii. p. 538. 

Dd. to Coll. Schuyler. 

Council Journal. Cornbury Advised Not to Press His 
"Secret Instructions as to Teachers, Too Far." (See 
Jan. 29, 1702, No. 65.) 

1702, 'Nov. 20. Col. Wm. Smith, Chairman of the Committee 
of the Council to whom the Bill for the Encouragement of a 
Grammar Free School in the city of New York was committed 
by this Board for report, does humbly offer to his Excellency 
that upon perusal of that part of his Excellenc;^'s " Instructions " 
relating to schoolmasters within this colony, in the words follow- 
ing: " That no schoolmaster be permitted to come from England 
and to keep a school within this pro\dnce without the license of 



1510 Ecclesiastical Records 

the Eight Rev. Father in God Henry, Lord Bishop of London, and 
that no person now there, or that shall come from other parts be 
permitted to keep school without your license first obtained " : 
We are humbly of opinion that his Excellency ought not to press 
the said Bill otherwise than is directed by that clause of his Ex- 
cellency's Instructions, and that it be recommended to the House 
of Representatives to make such amendments in the said Bill as 
is agreeable thereunto. Bill sent back to Assembly. 185. 

Amendment to his " Instructions." 

1702, ISTov. 25. Col. Wm. Smith, Chairman of the Committee 
of the Council to whom the Bill for the encouragement of a 
Grammar Free School in the City of Kew York was re-committed, 
does report to this Hon. Board: That all be left out after the 
words " Queen Mary " in the tenth line of the second sheet, and 
instead thereof, the following proviso to be inserted: " Provided 
always that such schoolmaster, if chosen from England, then to 
be licensed by the Right Rev. Father in God, the Lord Bishop of 
London, and approved of by the Governor or Commander in 
Chief of this province for the time being; and in case any fit per- 
son shall be here found for the discharge of that duty, as well as 
upon any vacancy that may hereafter happen upon the death, 
absence or disability of such schoolmaster, that then and in such 
case the Common Council of the City of 'New York for the time 
being, shall and may recommend to the Governor or Commander 
in Chief of this pro\dnce for the time being, such fit person, 
qualified as is aforesaid, for license and approbation, which is 
always to be had and obtained before such schoolmaster be en- 
titled to the salary aforesaid, anything herein contained to the 
contrary thereof notwithstanding ". Passed, as amended, and 
sent down to the House. 186. Disagreed to, and conference 
requested, 186. 

The conference agreed to the following substitute for the last 
proviso : — " Provided always that such schoolmaster shall from 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1511 

time to time as a vacancy happens, be chosen and recommended 
by the Common Coimcil of the said city for the time being, in 
order to be licensed and approved by the Eight Honorable, the 
Bishop of London, for the time being, or the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief of this province for the time being, anything 
herein contained to the contrary thereof in any ways notvvdth- 
standing." 187. Approved, and sent down to the House. 187-8. 
Enacted 189. 

[See "The Watch Tower", 1755. Riker, 135-8.] 

An Act for Encouragement of a Grammer Free School in 
THE City of jSTew York. 

(Passed, November 27, 1702.) 

The Major, Aldermen and Comonaity of the City of New York having Represented 
unto the General Assembly of this Province the great necessity there is of having 
a Free-School in the said City, for the Educacon and Instruction of Youth and 
Male Children; That such Pious and Necessary work may receive due encourage- 
ment, Be it Enacted by his Excellency the Governour and Council, and Representa- 
tives Convened in General Assembly, and by Authority of the Same, that there 
shall be hereafter Elected, Chosen, Lycensed, Authorized and appointed one able 
Skillfull and Orthodox person to be School-Master, for the Education and Instruc- 
tion of Youth and Male Children of Such Parents as are of French and Dutch Ex- 
traction, as well as of the English, may come and be Instructed in the Languages, 
or other Learning usually taught in Grammar Schools. And for the Encouragement 
of Such School-Master. Be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That 
henceforward Annually there shall be in the said City Assessed, Leveyed, Col- 
lected and paid for the Space or term of Seven yeares, the Sum of fifty pounds 
Current money of New York, for the Maintainance of the said School Master, which 
said sum of fifty pounds shall be Assessed. Leveyed, Collected and paid by Such 
Persons, at Such times, in Such Manner, and proportions, and under such penaltyes 
Respectively as is provided for the Assessing, Leveying, Collecting and paying of 
the Sum of one hundred pounds P Ann for the Minister of New York, by an Act of 
Assembly, Intituled, an Act for Settling a Ministry, and Raising a Maintainance for 
them in the City of New York, County of Richmond, West Chester and Queens 
County, made in the fourth year of King William and Queen Mary. Provided al- 
wayes, that Such School-Master shall, from time to time, as a vacancy happens, be 
Chosen and Recomended by the Comon Council of the said City for the time being, 
in order to be Lycensed and approved by the Right Honorable the Bishop of London 
or the Governor or Comander in Cheif of this Province, for the time being, anything 
herein Contained to the Contrary thereof in any ways notwithstanding. — Colonial 
Laws of New York, Vol. 1. pp. 516, 517. 

An Act for the Better Support and Maintenance of the 
Poor in the City of jSTew York for the Future. 

(Passed, November 27, 1702.) 

Whereas the Mayor, Aldermen and Comon Council of the City of New York, have 
Represented unto the General Assembly of this Province, that in the late Calam- 
itous Distemper, which it please Almighty God to afl3ict the Inhabitants of the said 
City, the number and necessitys of the Poor were much increased; and the Sum of 
Money raised for the maintenance of the Poor in the said City, was farr short of 
giving them a necessary Support in this Emergency, for Remedy whereof and for 
the better Support and maintainance, for the future. Be it Enacted by his Excel- 
lency the Governor and Council and Representatives Convened in General Assembly, 
and by Authority of the Same. That hence forth it shall and may be LawfuU for 
Such persons as are Impowered to Raise and provide for the Maintainance of the 
Minister and the Poor of the said City, Annually in the Month of January, upon any 
such Emergency, or whensoever a necessary Support or Supply for Maintainance 
of the Poor of the said City, shall be wanted, at any other time, throughout the 



1512 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

whole year to Assemble and meet together, and make Such further necessary requi- 
site supply by a Tax upou the Inhabitants of the said City, for the use of the 
Poor, as they shall Judge Sufticient not Exceeding three himdred pounds money of 
this Colony for one year to be leveyed, Assessed, Collected and paid by Such per- 
sons, & in Such manner, and under like penaltyes respectively, as are provided in 
the Act of Assembly of this Province, Entituled, An Act for Settling a Ministry 
and raising a Maintainance for them in the City of New York etc. made in the 
fourth Year of King William and Queen Mary, anything in the said Act, or any 
other to the Contrary thereof in any vvayes notwithstanding. 

Provided, That this Act, nor anything therein Contained, shall he of force any 
Longer than for the Space and time of two years from the publishing hereof. — 
Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 1. pp. 507, -508. 

Rev. Geo. Keith to the Society foe the Pkopagation of the 



Last Sunday I preached here at New York in the forenoon 

before his Excellency, Lord Cornbury, at the desire of Mr. Vesey, minister of the 
Church of England here. My Lord Cornbury invited us to dine with him at Fort 
Henry, as accordingly we did after sermon, and at several other times at his de- 
sire we dined with him. There is a brave congregation of people belonging to 
the Church here, as well as a very fine fabric of a church, and the Rev. Mr. Vesey 
very much esteemed and loved both for his ministry and good life, and the like 
I can say of all the other ministers of the Church, where I have travelled as at 
Boston, at Rhode Island, and Philadelphia. 

For an instance of his Excellency, my lord Cornbury, his good and cordial affec- 
tions to the Church, and to us as ministers thereof, I send to your lordships the 
inclosed recommendations he has been pleased to give me to all the Justices of the 
Peace in his government, occasioned by the late abusive entertainment I mett 
from the Quakers in their meeting at Flushing on Long Island, concerning which 
I complained to his Excellency. Before we go out of this province, we design to 
visit the Quakers again att Flushing, and in some other parts, and to try what 
influence my lord's recommendation will have upon them to give me a hearing 

without interruption. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 251 

New Y'ork, 29 November, 1702. 

Certificate in Favor of Mr. Paul Van Vleck. 

Kinderliook tlie 30th I^ovember, Anno Doniini 1702. 

In the first year of the Eeign of her Majesty Anne, Queen of 
England, Scotland, Ireland and Erance, Defender of the Eaith, 
"We the undersigned inhabitants of Kinderhook patent acknowl- 
edge and Declare that Pauliis Van Vleg during the whole of the 
time that he hath resided here and since he was accepted as Pre- 
centor and schoolmaster of our church hath tinily comported 
himself to the great content of our congregation, and that, in all 
the time he was forbidden to preach he hath never preached in 
house or barn or in any place in Kinderliook, but that he per- 
formed the office of precentor as one Hendrick Abelsen, before 
his death, hath done at Kinderhook; We have received said 
Paulus van Vleg because one Joghem Lamersen (who was our 

OF THE State of I!^ew York. 1513 

precentor here) hath resigned the precentorship and frequently 
complained that he could not perform its duties any longer. We 
further declare that the above named Paulus van Vleg never took 
away the key of our church, but that we brought it to him in his 

Yohannes van Alen Coenraet Borghgrdt 
Abram van Alstyn Lammert van Yansan. 

10 December 1702 Ordered that the above parties attend the 
Council to answer all matters to be objected against them. — Doc. 
Hist. K Y. Vol. iii. p. 539. 

Rev. Peter Peiret's Petition. 


To his Excellency Edward Viscount, Cornbury, Governor Generall and Commander 
in Cliief of the Province of New York etc. 

The humble petition of Peter Peiret,* Minister of the french Congregation in 
this City. 

Humbly Sheweth That Milord Bellomont in Council taking in Consideration how 
little both Mr. Vezey and your Petitioner did receive from their Congregations 
for their annual maintenance did order that a sume should be paid to them both 
out of the revenues of this Province every year as an help to themselves and 
family to keep up the said ministers in a capacity better to serve their said Con- 
gregations not Considerable enough by themselves to allow the said Ministers 
sufficient annuall salary. 

.That in pursuance to that order both Mr. Vezey and your Petitioner were 
granted Warrants for a yearly pension ending on the 1st of May 1699. But time 
and minds altering a little while after the said pension was stopped, and your 
petitioner deprived of the seme. 

Your petitioner therefore most humbly represent to your Excellency that by 
his great age and numerous family being in greater necessity than ever of such 
succours he most humbly and most earnestly desire your Excellency to use him 
with de same bounty he doth hear Mr. Vesey has been allouing the same pention 
for & from the very same time. 

And your petitioner as In duty bound shall ever pray. 

Read in Council 10 December 1702 and warrants issued for sixty pounds. — Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 250. 

»^ Lord Cornbury^ to the Lords of Trade ox Leisler's At- 

December 12, 1702. 


One of the things which has the most buoyed up that party (I mean Leisler's 
faction) is the Act of Parliament passed in England in the year 1695 Intituled 

• The Rev. Mr. Peiret of whom mention is made in Vol. ii. p. 247, and from whom 
there is a petition dated October 1697, was allowed a pension of twenty pounds per 
annum until his death, which occurred about the forepart of 170.5. He left a widow 
and five children. He was succeeded, it would appear, by the Rev. Mr. Laborie in 
May 1706. See Corwln's Manual, 4th edition. 


1514 Ecclesiastical Records 

An Act for revising the Attainder of Jacob Leisler and others, By which Act 
they pretend that Leisler was intituled to the Government of this Province by 
an Act of General Assembly and that he was since confirmed in the same by the 
late King's letter dated the 13th day of July 1698. But the persons that solicited 
that Act in England had not ingenuity enough to acquaint the two houses of 
Parliament that the Assembly which gave him that Authority was an Assembly 
called by himself, after he had by violence disposest the King's Lieutenant Gov- 
ernour that then was; So that the Authority he claimed was derived from a body 
of men authorized by himself who had no power to call them together, conse- 
quently an illegal Assembly; And I conceive no illegal Assembly can grant a 
lawfull Authority. I say more upon this head than I should have done, were I 
not well convinced that the aforementioned Act of Parliament is the main founda- 
tion that faction builds upon, and I doe really believe that if an Act of Parlia- 
ment were passed in England to explain the above mentioned Act of 1C95, it 
would contribute more to the quieting the disturbances here, than any thing else 
can doe; for till then they say that Leisler was a lawfull Governour, and that 
the Parliament of England have declared him so; though I am pretty well assured 
that the Parliament of England certainly intended not to justify the plain open 
Rebellion of the Father, but only to do an Act of favour to the son, who was not 
guilty of the father's crime But another use has been made here of that Act. — 
Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1018. 


"A memorial was received by the Society P. G. in 1703, from Robert 

Livingstone, Secretary of Indian Affairs in the Province of New York, asking for 
the appointment of six men, of youth, learning, and orthodoxy, to go as mission- 
aries to the Indians, and suggesting that each should have a couple of youths with 
him to learn the language and assist in the work, and that a house should be 
built for each minister at each of the Indian Castles ".— Hawkins, 264. Gen. Epis. 
Con. MSS. i. 24. Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1074-77. 

Dutch Church of New York. 

Jan. 7, 1Y03. 

Whereas it was Eesolved by tlie Euling Elders and Deacons on 
March 17, 1701; that the so-called Poor house and Ground in 
"Schape Wytye/' between Jesse Kip and Adrian ver Plank, 
should be sold by the Deacons to the highest bidder; and the 
same was sold by them to Eranz van Dyk; therefore, notwith- 
standing all the documents and papers pertaining thereto are not 
now i^ hand, the entire Consistory of Elders and Deacons have 
Resolved, That the Deacons should make out a deed in proper 
form, and that the Elders and Deacons and their successors, all 
qualitate qua, agree to free the purchaser from any subsequent 
claims, for all time. 

Thus done on Thursday, Jan. 7, 1703. 

OF THE State of New York. 1515 

On the same day the Church Masters, being present in Con- 
sistory, requested that body, inasmuch as they had no orders to 
direct them, to give proper orders to them. The Consistory re- 
plied that inasmuch as they were Church Masters, and so by 
nature, not church servants, they should henceforth receive no 
orders from the Consistory respecting the Church Building, or 
what relates to its maintenance and repair — except matters per- 
taining to the edification of the congregation. On the other hand, 
the Consistory leave it henceforth to the Church Masters to make 
such orders or repairs as they may deem expedient. All this shall 
hold good, provided they be first approved and ratified by the 

Done in our Church Meeting, Jan. 7, 1T03. 

— Lib. B. p. 39. 

Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury. 

Eastchester not to be a distinct Parish. 

1T03, Jan. 26. 


P. S. Since the writing of this letter, upon consideration of the Act for de- 
claring the Town of East Chester to be a distinct Parish etc. And of the reasons 
offered to us against it by the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of London, We 
have prepared a report to be laid before her Majesty with Our humble opinion 
that the same be disallowed. [See Aug. 1, 1701.] — Col. Docs. N. Y. Iv. 1026. 

/ Order for the Prosecution of Mr. Justice Talman, foe 

Sceptical REiSkiARKS. 

In Councill, 28th January, 1702 [1703?] 

His Excellency was pleased to Communicate to this board two aflSdavits taken 
before a Justice of the Peace of Queens County which were read, the one accusing 
John Tallman one of the Justices of the said County of saying that the Scriptures 
were not the rule they being wrote by sinfull men of the lilie passions as we are 
and the other accusing the said Tallman for saying that the holy scriptures was 
a Rule but not the Rule we should walk by. 

On consideration whereof his Excellency Declares his Resolution of Removing 
the said Tallman from being one of the Justices of The Peace of the said County 
And on further Consideration thereof his Excellency & Councill are of opinion that 
the said Tallman be further prosecuted and so direct the Att. Generall to prose- 
cute the said Tallman for the same at the next Supreme Court of Judicature. — 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 124. 


1516 Ecclesiastical Records 

Depositions Against Justice Whitehead, Concerning the 

Sabbath, Etc. 

Queens County February Srd, 1702-3 [1703.] 

This day Samuel Smith of the Littell Plaines came before me John Smith Esq., 
one of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace for Queens County and being upon his 
oath Deposed that Jonathan Whitehead Eqs., one of her Majesty's Justices, de- 
clared unto the said Deponent that it was his opinion that Religion was onely an 
Inuention of cunning men to gett thaire liuing by; and further this Deponent saith 

'jurato Coram me, Jolm Smith. 

And I the said John Smith Esq., Doe humbly certifle that the abouesaid Jonathan 
Whitehead, Esq. being leatelv at mv house I the said John Smith tooke him into 
examination for setting out on a Journey with his Pourt mantel behind him upon 
a Sabbath Dav. I told him he being a Justice ought in a particular manner to talje 
ceare not to give such examples. He tould me he thought there ought to be no 
difference of davs and that if it should be so ordered now as to obsarue Thursday 
in a hundred years it would be as Religiously obsarued as the Sabbath now is and 
seurall other expressions he used which tended to nothing less than Atheism and 
the discouragement of Christianity. „ .^, 

Witness my hand, John Smith. 

Pfebruary 24. 
I Joseph Baylev formerly of Huntington haueing my present being at Justice John 
Smith and sorne "time in January a gentleman came there whom I knew not sitting 
by the fire and after some discoi-s Justice Smith charged the gentleman with Breach 
of the Sabbath hee replied he Brooke not the Sabbath for hee was at Church m 
the forenoone and roode to Newtowne in the afternoone Justice Smith had further 
discorse with him and he made replie that if Thursdaie or any other dale of the 
week ware appointed a Sabbath and strictly commanded to obserue it people would 
obserue it as much as this when the gentleman went away I asked Justice Smith's 
wife what gent that was she answered it was Jonathan Whithead to the truth 
hereof I haue subscribed my name. , ^ , 

Joseph Baylye. 

The abovesaid Joseph Bayly swore to the above written before me, February 

24, 1702-3. , , „ ... 

John Smith. 

To all hands unto whom this shall come: 

Whereas 'tis said that I John Smith of the Little Plaines should say that uppon 
questioning Jonathan Whithead for rideing upon the Sabbath day the said White- 
head should make answer & say that there ought to be no difEerence in days & 
that a man might doe any thing upon the Sabbath day as well as upon any other 
which is a false report of ye said Whitehead I afflrme as witness my hand. 

24 February, 1703. _ ^^^ ^.^^ ^_ ^ ^^^ ... ^ ^^o. 

^' Trinity Church. The Queen's Farm. Annexe Jans. Eirst 
Reference to a College. 

1703, Feb. 19. 

" It being moved which way the King's Farme, which is now vested in Trinity 
Church, should be let to Farm. It was unanimously agreed that the Rector and 
Church Wardens should wait upon my Lord Cornbury, the Governor, to know 
what part thereof his Lordship did design towards the Colledge which his Lord- 
ship designs to have built; and thereupon to publish placards for the letting 
thereof at the public outcry to the highest bidder ". 

This movement culminated in the founding of Kings (Columbia) College, fifty 
vears later. Cornbury, with all his faults, saw the importance of a College 
though it was Col. Morris who suggested that the King's Farm should be acquired 
by the Society for Propagating the Gospel. Morris and Heathcote united in ad- 
vocacy of the founding of a College in New York. Morris writes: 

•' The Queen has a Farm of about thirty two acres of land, which rents tor 
thirty six pounds per annum: though the Church Wardens have petitioned for it, 
and my Lord four months since gave you promise of it, the proceedings has been 
so slow that they begin to fear the success wont answer to the expectation, l 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1517 

believe her Majesty would readily grant it to the Society for the asking. — New 
York is the centre of English America and an appropriate place for a College; 
and that farme in a little time \Y0uld be of considerable value, and it is a pity 
such a thing should be lost for want of asking, which, at another time, wont be 
so easily obtained ". 

Archives, S. P. G. i. 171.— Dix, 145. 

The piece of land alluded to was sold by the heirs of Anneke Jans, under the 
provision of her will, to Gov. Lovelace, in 1670. It was transferred to the Duke 
of York in 1674. It was subsequently granted to the Colonial Governors by the 
Crown, 1674, as a perquisite of their office. Gov. Fletcher leased this farm to 
Trinity Church in 1697. Bellomont annulled this lease in 1699, but Lord Corn- 
bury renewed said lease in 1702. On the 27th of June, 1704 an Act was passed 
" granting certain privileges and powers to the Rector and Inhabitants of the 
City of New York of the Communion of the Church of England, as by law estab- 
lished ", among which privileges was that of holding lands, tenements, etc., and 
of leasing, demising and improving the same to the benefit of the church and 
other pious uses. Under the provision: of that Act, and upon the recommendation 
of the Governor, the farm was given to. Trinity Church in fee, by royal patent, 
Nov. 20th, 1705, and has been in its possession to the present day ". 

See letter of Mr. Vesey to Gov. Fletcher, Hist. Am. Ch. 1. 172: also Murray 
Hoffman's Ecc. Laws of New York, Appendix, 298-302. — See Dix, i. 146. 

Anneke Jans was the wife of Roeloff Jansen, who was manager for Adrian 
Van Rensselaer, the first patroon of the Manor at Beverwyck, called also Rens- 
selaerwyek, about Albany. (Roeloff Jansens Kill, named after this man, is a 
rapid stream, emptying into the Hudson a little north of Germantown, Columbia 
Co. N. Y.) About sixty two acres of land were granted to this Jansen and wife 
about 16.., on Manhattan Island, west of Broadway and north of Warren street, 
extending to the river on the west, and northward to Christopher street. This 
became known as the Anneke Jans farm and subsequently as the Domine's farm, 
or bouwerie. 

Roeloff Jansen died leaving three daughters and one son. In 1638 his widow 
married Rev. Everardus Bogardus who was minister of the Church of New 
Amsterdam from 1633-47, when he was lost at sea, while going to Holland on 
certain Church business. He left four children. His widow, after a while moved 
to Albany, where she died in 1663. Her will, still on record, directs that her 
farm on Manhattan Island should be sold, the proceeds to go chiefly to the four 
children of her first husband. 

The Governor Francis Lovelace bought the Farm in 1669, the deed being on 
record. But inasmuch as he surrendered the Province back to the Dutch in 1673, 
and was heavily in debt to the Proprietor, James, the Duke of York, and also in 
disgrace because of the surrender, his property all passed into the hands of the 
Duke in 1674, upon the recovery of New York by the English. 

The Duke now allowed the small rental of this farm to be considered a perquisite 
of the English Governors, and with the acces'sion of the Duke to the Crown in 
1685, it became the property of the Crown, the Governors still being allowed the 
rental of it, as one of their perquisites. After the founding of Trinity Church, 
Governor Fletcher in 1697 waived his claim to the rental, and leased the farm to 
those persons who (in opposition to the Civil Vestry, which was called into 
existence by the Ministry Act of 1693) styled themselves " Managers of the Church 
of England ". In 1705 a grant of this property was finally made to Trinity Church 
by Queen Anne. After the Revolution, the Legislature of New York confirmed 
all titles to land legally acquired in the Colonial period. From 1731, onward, 
efforts have been made by some of the descendents of Anneke Jans, who have set up 
claims to this property, but the title of the Church has been uniformly sus- 
tained. — Dix, i. 149. 


1518 Ecclesiastical Records 


Ai^NEKE Jans. 

In 1890, Stephen P. Nash, L.L.D., prepared and printed a work for the use 
of Trinity Church, entitled, 'Anneke Jans Bogardus, her Farm, and how it became 
the Property of Trinity Church New York. An Historic Inquiry ". In this work 
he finally says: 

" The children of Mrs. Bogardus parted with their title by actual sale and con- 
veyance to the English Governor (Lovelace) shortly after her death; if by reason 
of any informalities in the transfer they ever had any right to redress, they 
had lost such right long before Trinity Church came into existence, (1697.) The 
title of the Church to every parcel of its lands to which Anneke Jans Bogardus 
ever had any color of a prior claim is not only free from legal defect, but is free 
also, and has always been free from any equitable claim of her descendants: 
and if any wrong was perpetrated when her children parted with the property, 
it was a wrong on the part of those who managed the transaction against the 
others interested in the proceeds: the fraud of some of the heirs upon the others, 
antedating the existence of Trinity Church nearly forty (thirty) years ". — Dis, 

[See other references to Anneke Jans, about 1647, 1663, &c.] 

Ministry Act to be Enforced. 

Order to Summon the Church Officers of Jamaica before Lord Cornbury. 

New York, 25th fCebruary, 1702 [or 1703?]. 

I am commanded by his Excellency to give you notice to sumons Nehemiah 
Smith and William Glenn Church Wardens, Hope Carpenter, Nathaniell Denton, 
Thomas Smith, William Bloodgood, Thomas Willet, David Wright, John Coe, 
Content Titus, Joseph Sackit, and John Berrien, Vestrymen of the towne of 
Jamaica in Queens County, to be and appeare before his Excellency in Councill 
on Munday the first day of March next ensuing, and I desire that you will give 
me notice thereof, that I may informe his Excellency that you have done the 

I am your humble servant, 

B. Cosens, Ck. Councij. 

" Letter to the Sherriffe of Queens County, to sumons the Church wardens before 
his Excellency. 25th fCebruary, 1702."— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 126. 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 

Letter of Mr. Pieter Jacobs Marius to the Consistory, February 2nd 1702. De- 
livered after his decease to our Meeting by Messrs. Samuel Bayard and Pieter 
Wessels, March 12, 1703. 


To the Rev. Consistory, the Rev. Ministers and the Rev. Elders of the Re- 
formed Dutch Church in New York: 

Reverend Sirs: — 

Since the Lord God has brought me out of blind Popery, to the true Christian 
faith here in this city, and the Lord has blessed me not only in spiritual things, 
but also with temporal goods; and since the yearly salary of the minister has 
fallen short and the minister has not been paid his salary in full: Therefore, 
I have thought proper to put the sum of one hundred pounds in the hands of 
Justice Hillegout de Kay, as you may see by the enclosed writing. I desire this 
to be put out at interest, and its income to go for tSe use and support of the 

OF THE State of i^ew York. 1519 

Minister or Ministers of the Dutch Reformed Church in this City of New York, 
and for no other use. 

Such is my will and desire, hoping that the Consistory will thankfully receive 
the same, for I think that it is given for an excellent purpose. Nothing more 
remains than to salute you, and commend you to God and his grace. 

The humble servant of you all, 

Peter Jacobsze Marius. 

I, the undersigned, Hillegout de Kay, acknowledge to have received from Pieter 
Jacobsze Marius, the sum of one hundred pounds, current money of this Province, 
to be delivered by me, after his death, to the Consistory of the Dutch Reformed 
Church here, in New York; in order to be by them put at interest, so as fo use 
the yearly income for the maintenance or salary of the Minister or Ministers here 
in New Y'ork of the Dutch Reformed Church, according to his order left with me; 
and that I may hold it on interest so long as it pleases me; or to pay it over 
when it suits me. 

In token whereof, I have subscribed this, 

Hillegond de Kay. 
New York, 

February 3, 1700. 
Say £100.00. 

(N. B. The originals of the letter and its enclosure are among the papers of the 

— Lib. A. 219. 

Pieter Jacobs Marius. Died 1703. 

Pieter Jacobs Marius occupied premises on the south side of Pearl street, where 
he carried on trade as a merchant. His dealings were extensive with Boston and 
other ports on the coast, and he acquired a considerable estate, though com- 
mencing poor. He was an alderman for several years, and lived to an advanced 
age in this city. — Valentine's New York, p. 92. 

Trinity' Church. Redemption Money for Slaves. Instru- 
mental Music. 

1703, March 30. 

Certain moneys collected " for the redemption of some slaves in Sally ", which 
had been allotted to the parish by order of the Council, still lay in Holland, and 
a committee was appointed to treat with my Lord Cornbury concerning it. 

March 30 (1703?) " Mr. Jamieson was retained as attorney to recover the money, 
which it would seem, was actually recovered, in the sum of two hundred and nine 
pounds, three shillings sterling, and one hundred and fifty guilders, Holland money, 
recovered in goods, January 13, 1705. 

June 3rd (1703?) Deed from the City to Trinity for additional burial ground. 

— Records i. 44. 

June 3rd (1703?) First mention of the Dutch Church on Trinity's records. (Was 
there no mention of the use of Dutch Church allowed to Trinity in 1697?). See 
Dix, 97, 427. 

Ordered that " Captain Tothill and Captain Sims wait on Major de Brown and 
get him to execute the Deed for the parcell of ground he pretended to, now 
within the bounds of Trinity Church Charter, and that they with Captain Morris 
and Captain Wilson do meet with the managers of the Dutch Church, and endeavor 
to get them to Sign the Resignation of that piece of land which they lay preten- 
sions to, but is contained in Trinity Church Charter ".— Records i. 45. Dix, 153. 



1520 Ecclesiastical Records 

Instrumental Music in Trinity Church. 

The subject of music began to attract attention in tlie parish of Trinity, and 
on August 4th (1703?) the Rector and others were appointed a Conamittee to 
" Confer with and Discourse Mr. Henry Neering, Organ Maker, about maliing 
and erecting an Organ in Trinity Church in New Yorls, and if they shall tiiinli 
meet to agree with him on as easy terms as possible ". Records i. 45. But nothing 
was accomplished, as in 1709, Mr. Vesey wrote to the Archbishop of Canterbury 
about their need of " a sett of Organs ". There was no organ yet in New York. 
The first one in America was set up in Boston in 1713. The first in New York 
was that given by Governor Burnet, December 28, 1727, to the Dutch Church in 
Garden street, although the Governor was a member of Trinit.y Church. He was 
probal)ly induced to do this by his wife, who had been a Miss Van Home, a 
beautiful Dutch Lady. 

See the Christian Intelligencer, April 11, 1878, which gives a translation of the 
articles of conveyance. Also see the same among these papers under date Dec. 
15, 1727.— Dix's Hist. Trinity Church, i. 154. 

Church of Xew York. 

Eeceipt for Moneys Collected for A. Rutan. 

March 31, 1703. 

Received of Dr. du Bois, ]Minister of the Dutch Church, the 
sum of nine pounds, seven shillings, seven penneys, half penny, 
collected in the said congregation, for the use of Abraham 
Rutan of Hakkinsak by my Lord Cornbury's grant, published to 
that purpose. l!T. B. that some ryals in bras money. £ 9.9.7 1/2. 

John Barberie. 
(Original in English.) 

— Lib. A. 221. 

Representation of the Lords of Trade Concerning ISTew 


Mohawk Missions. 

April 2, 1703. 

In reference to the Five Nations of Indians bordering upon New York His Lord- 
ship gives us an account of a conference he has had with their Cheif Sachems 
at Albany where he made them presents as usual in order to confirm them in 
their submission to your Majesty which though a considerable charge his Lordship 
judges absolutely necessary to be continued lest the intrigues of the French of 
Canada and the influence of their Priests who frequently converse and sometimes 
inhabit with those Indians should debauch them from your Majesty's allegiance. 

As to the Indians, we are humbly of opinion that the usual method of ingaging 
them by presents be continued and especially as an extraordinary occasion may 
require. And we further take leave to observe, that another means to prevent 
the influence of the French Missionaries upon them and thereby more effectually 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoke. 1521 

to secure their fidelity would be that two Protestant Ministers be appointed, with 
a competent allowance to dwell amongst them, in order to instruct them in the 
true Religion and confirm them in their duty to your Majesty. — Col. Docs. N. Y. 
Iv. 1036, 1037. 

\/ Queejt's Letter Prohibiting Presents to Governors of 


1703, April 20. 
Anne R. 

Right Trusty and wellbeloved we greet you well; Whereas several Inconveniences 
have arisen to our Government in the Plantations by Gifts and Presents made to 
our Governours by the General Assemblies; We have thought fit hereby to signify 
our Express Will and Pleasure, That neither you our Govemour, nor any Gov- 
ernour, Lieutenant Governour, Commander in Chief or President of the Council 
of our Province of New York for the time being, do give your or their consent to 
the passing any law or Act for any Gift or Present to be made to you or them 
by the Assembly; And that neither you nor they do receive any Gift or Present 
from the Assembly, or others, on any account, or in any manner whatsoever, upon 
pain of our highest displeasure, and of being recalled from that Our Government. 

And whereas the salary of Six hundred pounds Sterling per annum assigned for 
the Governour in Chief, Out of our Revenue arising there, may not be sufficient 
for his support; We are hereby graciously pleased to direct that Six hundred 
pounds Sterling per annum more be added out of our said Revenue, to your present 
Salary and to the Salary of the Governour of our said Province for the time 


And we do further direct and require that this declaration of our Royal Will and 
Pleasure be communicated to the Assembly at their first meeting after your receipt 
hereof, and entred in the Registers of our Council and Assembly, that all persons 
whom it may concern may Govern themselves accordingly. So we bid you fare- 
well. Given at Our Court at St. James's the 29 day of April 1703 In the second 
year of Our Reign. 

By Her Majesty's Command, 

Nottingham.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1040. 
20 April, 1703. 

Council Journal. 
Enlarging the French Church. 

1703, April 27. A Bill to enable the minister and elders for 
the time being, of the French Protestant Church in the City of 
New York, to build a larger church for the worship of Almighty 
God in that congregation, to hold to them and their successors 

Sent from the Assembly to the Council. Brought up and read, 

190-1; committed, 191; enacted, June 19, 204. [See June 19, 




1522 Ecclesiastical Records 

Albany City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hall of Albany this first of May, 1703. 

School at Albany. 

May 11. 

Evert Ridder of the County of Albany appears before us in Common Councill 
and desires his freedom in the Citty from Mr. Mayor to be a free citizen; which 
is granted accordingly. 

Evert Ridder of the City of Albany makes his humble application to the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Assistance to be permitted to teach schoole in the Citty aforesaid, 
which request is taken into consideration, and granted accordingly.— Munsell's 
Annals of Albany, Vol. iv. pp. 176, 177. 

DoMiNE Freeman's Calls to Long Island. [See Historical 
Account, April 22, 1706.] 

Call of 1703, May 4. 

1703, May 4. Call of Rev. B. Free- 
man to the churches of Breukelen, 
Flatbush, New Amersfoort and New 
Utrecht, Long Island. 

Call of 1705, Sept. 21. 

1705, September 21. Second 
Call on Freeman: but only 
to New Utrecht: 

Port Folio " New York ", Vol. I. 


Call (Beroep-brief) to the Rev., 
Pious and Learned Domine, Bernardus 
Freeman : 


Whereas, It has pleased the 
all-wise God, the Sovereign Ruler, 
who worketh all things after the 
counsel of his own will, to deprive 
our Dutch Reformed Churches in the 
three (four?) villages of Breukelen, 
Flatbush, Amersfoort and New Utrecht 
which have been gathered here on 
this Nassau Island, in these dis- 
tant regions of America, in these 
Gospel-days, according to the mercy 
of the Chief Shepherd — of their 
much beloved and faithful pastor. 
Rev. William Lupardus, of blessed 
memory, who, to the great grief of 
all his churches, died more than a 
year ago: 


to deprive our Dutch Reform- 
ed Church at New Utrecht, 


who died more than 

three years ago: 

OF THE State of New York. 



Therefore We, the undersigned, 
Elders of the said churches, being 
authorized by our congregations 
to call another faithful dispenser 
of the mysteries of God ; 

and owing to the pressing need of 
our churches, we desire to fill the 
vacant place as soon as possible: 

After frequent consultations 
and deliberations, and finally, with 
the permission of the Hon. Edward, 
Viscount Cornbury, our Governor, 
together with the unanimous approval 
of us all, which was to the great 
joy of our people; and after calling 
on the name of God: We, in the fear 
of the Lord, call you, the Rev., Pious 
and Learned Domine Bernardus Free- 
man, minister of God's Word at 
Schenectady : 

We have been already assured 
by excellent testimonials, of your 
learning, piety and other praise- 
worthy qualities; and by these pres- 
ents. We do now call you, the said 
Rev. Bernardus Freeman as the regu- 
lar pastor and teacher of the said 
four villages: to preach the Word of 
the Lord purely, plainly and force- 
fully; to instruct those thirsting 
for knowledge, in fundamental truths, 
by general catechizing; faithfully 
to administer the Holy Sacraments, 
according to the Institution of Christ; 
prudently to administer church dis- 
cipline and to govern; and further- 
more, with a Christian and peaceable 
demeanor, to do all that belongs to 
the office of a faithful minister 
of Jesus Christ, according to the 
Word of God and the good Order of 
the Church. 

In particular: We call upon 
you Rev. Sir, to preach twice on 

Therefore We the undersigned 
Elder, together with the 
commissioner (gevolmagtigde) 
of New Utrecht, being author- 
ized by our church, to call 
a minister, namely. Rev. Ber- 
nardus Freeman, to be the 
dispenser of the Divine 
mysteries : 


(same, except 
reference to Cornbury 
left out.) 


as the regular pastor of the 
church of New Utrecht: 


Herewith, we call upon you, 
Rev. Sir, to preach twice 


Ecclesiastical Eecords 


each Lord's day, when in health; the 
one Sunday in one village, and the 
next Sunday in the next, in turns, 
regularly going the rounds of the 
four villages; and to do the same 
on all other preaching days, accord- 
ing to the custom in use among us, 
and as observed by the late Rev. 

Finally: Inasmuch as hitherto 
we have belonged to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, and have no reason now 
to separate ourselves therefrom; 
therefore, in case any misunderstand- 
ing should arise — which may God 
forbid — between us and you, about 
any matter in which some Classis in 
Holland would need to be recognized, 
we expect that you, with us, will 
submit the same to the said Classis 
(of Amsterdam) ;— 

Herewith we promise you a year- 
ly salary of one hundred pounds, (two 
hundred and fifty dollars), current 
New York money, payment to begin 
with the day of your departure from 
Schenectady; also the dwelling house 
as it now stands, together with the 
little barn (shed), and the land as 
far as the road, and the garden. 
All this we shall hand over to you 
in good condition, and keep it in 
such condition; and will also sup- 
ply you every year with the necessa- 
ry fire- wood for your household: and 
in addition to all this, we will pay 
the expenses of your removal from 
Schenectady to Flatbush. 

Unto this promise, are we, the 
undersigned Elders, and Meindert 
Coerten as commissioner from the 
church of New Utrecht, bound; and 
in such a way that we, the present 
Elders and the said commissioner, 
pledge ourselves, so long as we con- 
tinue in office, qualitate qua, and 
which will doubtless also be con- 
tinued by our successors in the 

on each Lord's day, when in 
health, as has been custo- 
mary among us, and observed 
by the late Rev. Lupardus. 

(This opposite paragraph, 
omitted. ) 

Finally, with a view to this, 
we hereby promise you a sal- 
ary of one hundred and twenty 
five pounds, (three hundred 
and twelve dollars and fifty 
cents), per annum, to com- 
mence on the day of your de- 
parture from Schenectady; 
moreover, a proper dwelling 
and fire-wood. 

We do further promise, and 
we, the undersigned Elder, 
and commissioner, Meindert 
Coerten, authorized by the 
church of New Utrecht are 
bound; and in such a way 
that we, the present Elder 
and the commissioner Mein- 
dert Coerten, pledge ourselves, 
etc., etc. 

OF THE State of New York. 


same capacity, to see to it, and to 
use all diligence, that every quar- 
ter, or if not, every haif year, the 
proper half of the whole salary 
shall be paid. 

On the strength of this fair 
condition, and well-intentioned 
promise, we request you, Rev. Ber- 
nardus Freerman, kindly and in all 
seriousness, considering the need 
of our churches, and, in all proba- 
bility the rapid growth of the same, 
to the extension, under God's bless- 
ing, of the Kingdom of Christ — that 
you will be pleased to undertake the 
said ministerial office with a -will- 
ing heart; and we promise to hold you 
in such respect, love and honor, as, 
is due to an upright and pious minis- 

Therefore, we also request the 
worthy brethren of the church of 
Schenectady, before whom this our call 
shall be laid, that they will have 
regard for us and aid us in this, 
our great need; and for the good of 
God's Church in general, will be 
pleased speedily to release the said 
oft-mentioned Rev. Bernardus Freer- 
man from his office among them, and 
let him come down to our people. 

And finally: We pray the Great 
Shepherd of the Sheep, that He will 
be pleased to follow your ministry 
with His Divine blessing, to the 
magnifying of His Most Holy 'Name, 
and the gathering in and saving of 
many souls. 

Done in our Consistory meeting 
at Breukelen, May 4, 1703. 

Dan Rapalje, Joris Hansen, John 
Fraeski, Elders of Breukelen. 


( same ) 


.need of our church. 

( same ) 


.to our church. 


Done in our Consistory, 
September 21, 1705. 

(Signed only by the two 

John Janse, Joseph Hageman, Chris- 
tian Probasco, Elders of Flatbush. 

Dirk Amerman, Nicholas Wyckof, 
Elders of New Amersfoort. 


1526 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Gysbert Tyssen Lane, Jacques Cortel- Gysbert Tyssen Lane, 

you, Elders of New Utrecht. Elder 

Meindert Coerten, commissioner (gevol- Meindert Coerten, 

magtigde) from New Utrecht. Commissioner. 

Witnesses : G. Du Bois^, Cornelius Witnesses : Joost Van 

Van Brunt. Brunt, Albert Coerte. 

Special Contract, made at Midwout (Flatbush), September 21, 1705. (In 
connection with the second Call of Freerman to New Utrecht alone.) 

We, the undersigned, whose names (hands) are subscribed hereto, hereby 
acknowledge that we have agreed to the following arrangements: 

That we, of each of the villages, namely. New Utrecht, Midwout, Breukelen 
and Bushwyck, shall enjoy the privilege of having the fourth part of the 
preaching appointments, unless it be prevented. If it be prevented, so that 
the people of Midwout and Breukelen should be hindered from enjoying their 
turns in their respective villages; that then these villages shall have their 
choice, whether they will have their turns at New Utrecht or at Bosch wyk; 
and that then, wherever the preaching takes place, that village shall be 
obliged to hand over the collection to the persons who have given consent that 
the preaching should take place in their village. 

Meindert Coerte Lammert Sickel 

Gysbert Tyssen Lane Gerrit Van Couwenhove 

Aris Janse Dirk Anderissen 

Daniel Polhemius Henry de Forrest 

Bern Vande Water Engelbert Lot 

Jacob Pardon John Hansen. 
Cornelius Sebering 

As witnesses: Joost Van Brunt 
Albert Coerte. 

This copy compared with the original. It agrees therewith. 

G. Du Bois, 
V. Antonides. 

Council Journal. 

Amendmeiit of Ministry Act. 

1703, May 20. His Excellency also laid before the Board the 
Bill entitled, "An Act for the Better Establishment for the 
Maintenance of the Minister of the City of New York ". This 
had been delivered to him from the House of Representatives. 

195. Ordered to a second reading. 195. Committed, May 26, 

196. Passed June 2nd without amendment, 199. Enacted, June 
19, 204. [See June 19, 1703.] 

OF THE Statc of iSTew Yobk. 1527 

Petition of the ISTethee Dutch Church of Schenectady. 

To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Combury her Majesty's Capt. Generall 
and Governour in Cliiefe of the Province of New Yorlie and its Dependencies, 
etc., and the honourable Council. 

The humble Petition of the Church Wardens of the Nether Dutch Church of the 
towne of Schoneghtede: 


That the four several! towns to witt Midwout or Flatbush the Bay Newutreght 
& Brockland by their certain writing doth Indeavour to Draw Mr. Barnardus 
Freeman Present Minister of Schoneghtende from his congregation Who are not 
able of themselves Without Your Excellencys assistance to gett another & since 
that we your petitioners have been at a great charge & trouble with assistance 
thereunto from the County for Defraying the Considerable Charge for Mr. 
Barnardus Freeman's Passage and other charges that doth amount to the valiable 
Summe of near upon Eighty Pounds so that if the said Mr. Barnardus Freeman 
should be drawn from us as they Indeavour to Doe we could not Pretend that 
such a small Congregation as we are Can be able to send for another and they 
Who are of a greater Congregation could had another before this If they had not 
Endeavoured to deprive us their neighbours: therefore we your Lordships and 
Councells Petitioners humbly pray that your Lordship and Councell be Pleased 
to take this our great Case In Your Great Wisdom and Serious Consideration to 
give such Incouragements to the Instructing of the Indians that we may be more 
Enabled to the Paying of his Salary and your Petitioners as in duty bound Shall 
ever Pray. 

Schoneghtende the 29th 
of May 1703. 

Claes Wirbessen, elder. Isack Swits, elder. 

Daniel Jansen, deacon. Jan Vrooman, elder. 

Johannis Glen, deacon. Claes Van Petten, Deacon. 
Read in Council 24th June 1703 and rejected. Counc. Min.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
Vol. iii. p. 92. 

Lord Cornbuey to the Lords of Teade. 

1703, May 29. 


This refers to a day of Thanksgiving appointed in England, because of the 
great success of her Majesty's Armes; and order that a similar day be appointed 
in New York and New Jersey. Cornbury appointed April 15, for such day, 1703; 
but he did not dare to issue such a Proclamation in New Jersey, because his 
" Commission " for governing New Jersey had not yet arrived, and the people there, 
prone to throw ofE all authority, would not observe it, knowing that his Commis- 
sion had not yet been received He expresses his thanks, that his sus- 
pension of Judge Atwood, of Weaver, etc., had been confirmed He then 

refers to certain persecutions by Col. Bayard and others for acts of oppression in 

the late Revolution He further refers to an expected visit of Col. 

Nicholson, Governor of Virginia, and of Col. Dudley, when they will consider the 

subject of "The Charter Governments." Also, that upon the death of 

Gov. Hamilton, of Pennsylvania, the Quaker Council there assumed the reins of 
Government, even condemning people to death. This greatly startled the mem- 
bers of the Church of England. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1044-5. 



1528 Ecclesiastical Records 

An Act to Enable the Minister and Elders for the Time 
Being of the Erench Protestant Church in the City of 
JSTew York to Build a Larger Church for the Worship of 
Almighty God in that Congregation to Hold to Them 
AND Their Successors for Ever. [See x\p. 27, 1703.] 

chapter 128. 

(Passed June 19, 1703.) 

WHEREAS Pieter Pieret Minister of the French Protestant Church in the City 
of New Yorlj and John Barbarie, Paul Droillet, BHas Neau, David & Augustus 
Gray present Elders of the said Church are peaceably Seized and possessed of a 
certain Lott of ground and Church built thereon for the use of the Congregation 
of French Protestants in the said City Scituate & being in the street Comonly 
known by the name of Petticoate Lane butting northerly to the said street South- 
erly to the ground of Jaspar Nissepat Deced Westerly to the ground of Isaac 
De fforest Deced and Ea.sterly to the Ground of Henry Van ffeurden being in Length 
fforty Eight ffoot Nine Inches & in Breadth in the ffront Twenty Seaven foot Seven 
Inches and in tlae rear Twenty Eight foot Six Inches of which breadth on the West 
side from the front to the rear is taken off and reserved three foot & three Inches 
for a Comon Alley. And whereas the said Minister & Elders by their Peticon have 
set forth that their Congregation is so much Encreased that the said Church is too 
small to Contain them and that they are not at present in a Capacity to Divide 
themselves into two Congregations praying power and Liberty by Virtue of An 
Act of Assembly of this Province to sell and dispose of their said Ground and 
Church and to purchase ground and build thereon a larger and more Convenient 
Church to hold to the said Minister and Elders of the said Qhurch for the time 
being and to their Successors forever for the Publick worship of God in the said 
Congregation and for no other use whatsoever. 

To the intent that they the said Minister and Elders be Enabled to sell their said 
Ground & Church and that they and their Successors may be better quallified in 
Law and Enabled to purchase other Ground build a Larger Church thereon and to 
hold use and enjoy the same to the said Pious use forever. Be it Enacted by his 
Excellency the Governour and Council and Representatives of this Province in 
General Assembly Convened and by authority of the same, That from and after the 
Publicacon hereof It shall and may be Lawfull for the said Minister and Elders or 
the major part of them to grant bargain and sell the said ground and Church in 
the said street called Petticoate Lane to any person or persons or body Politick or 
Corporate whatsoever Quallified to purchase houses Ground or other Estate of In- 
heritance. And the Sale of the said Ground and Church unto any person or per- 
sons or Body Politick and Corporate whatsoever to be made by the said Minister 
and Elders or the major part of them is and shall be deemed and adjudged good 
and Effectual in the Law to all Intents Construccons and purposes whatsoever, as 
if the same was made by any Single person Natural born Subject of England quali- 
fied to sell A Lawfull Estate of Inheritance in ffee simple and as if the same had 
never been appropriated to the worship of God by the said Congregation, And the 
said Ground and Church shall be and remain to the purchaser and purchasers 
thereof their Heires and Assigns for ever any Law usage Custome or pretence of 
right whatsoever to the Contrary or any defect or Disability in the Law what- 
soever in any ways notwithstanding. 

And Be it further Enacted and Ordained by the Authority aforesaid that no part 
of the money or other Consideration arising by the sale aforesaid of the said Ground 
and Church shall be disposed of to any Secular or profane use whatsoever but that 
the same shall be expended and used in the purchasing of other more convenient 
Ground or Scituation and in building thereon a larger Church for the said Congre- 
gation for the Service and worship of Almighty God. 

And Be it further Enacted and ordained by the Authority aforesaid that from 
henceforward it shall and may be Lawfull for the said Minister and Elders and 
their Successors to purchase and buy a Larger and more Convenient Tract of 
Ground within the said City for the Scituation of one Larger Church for the service 
and worship of God and to erect and build thereon a Larger Church and a Dwelling 
House for their Minister for the time being if they shall think fit to have hold use 
and enjoy the same for the use and Intent aforesaid by the name of the Minister 
and Elders of the French Protestant Church in the City of New York to them and 
their Successors for ever not Exceeding Two hundred" foot Square any Law Cus- 
tome or Usage to the Contrary or any former defect or disability in the Law what- 
soever notwithstanding. 

And to the Intent that the said Minister and Elders may be the better enabled 
to carry on this Pious purpose and worke Be it Enacted and Ordained by the Au- 
thority aforesaid that henceforth it shall and may be Lawfull for the said Minister 
and Elders to Collect and receive from the Members of the said Congregation or 
from any other person or persons whatsoever their ffree and voluntary Contribution 
or Benevolence towards the same for and during the space of Seven years nest 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1529 

Ensuing and that it shall, and may be Lawful! for ever thereafter for the Minister 
and Elders of the said Church for the time being to Contribute and Collect amongst 
themselves and the members of their own Congregation Such requisite And neces- 
sary Sum of money towards the Maintenance and Reparacon of their said Church 
Dwelling House for their Said Minister and other things appertaining thereunto 
auv Law Custome or usage to the Contrary notwithstanding. Provided always and 
it Is the true Intent and meaning of this Act that no manner of person or persons 
whatsoever within or without the said Congregation shall be Compelled or Com- 
pellable to Contribute any Sum or Suras of money for the uses aforesaid but are 
left to their ffree and voluntary offering or ablacon & not otherways. — Colonial 
Laws of New York, Vol. I. pp. 526, 527, 528. 

An Act Declaring the Illegality of the Proceedings 
Against Coll. iSTicHOLAs Bayard & Alderman" John Hut- 
chins foe Pretended High Treason, and for Reversing 
AND Making jSTull. and Voyd the Said Judgments and All 
Proceedings Thereon. 

(Passed June 19, 1703.) 

whereas in the month of ffebbry and March Tn the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and one, there was a Crafty and Malitious Prosecution 
against Nicholas Bavard of the Citty of New York and Alderman John Hutchins 
of the same Citty for pretended Crimes & Misdemeanors alleadged against them 
Upon which they were Indicted and sentence of Death past upon them and other 
Penaltyes as in Cases of High Treason which matters haveing been fully heard 
and Examined before her Most Sacred Majesty in Council Att the Court att St. 
James's the one and twentieth day of January one thousand seven hundred and 
two; Upon Consideration thereof her Majesty being sensible of the Undue and 
Illegall proceedings against the said Bayard & Hutchins was then most graciously 
pleased in her Royall Justice & ijounty to order that her Attorney Generall here 
should be directed to Consent to the Reversing those sentences & to whatever else 
may be Requisite in the Law for the Re-instateing the said Bayard & Hutchins in 
their Honour and Property as if no such Prosecution had been. And forasmuch as 
the said Nicholas Bayard and John Hutchins are in no ways Guilty of any Crime 
in those matters objected against them or either of them and that her Majestys 
Just Pleasure and Royall Inclination for the Reliefe of her distressed subjects may 
take their speedy and due effect. BEE it therefore Declared & Enacted by his 
Excellency the Governor by and with the advice and Consent of her Majestys 
Councill and the Generall Assembly of this Collony & it is hereby declared and 
Enacted by the Authority of the Same that the said Proceedings and Prosecutions, 
for the Same feigned and pretended Crimes and Misdemeanors are & were undue 
and Illegall and the Judgement and Judgements, sentence and sentences, against 
the said Coll. Bayard and Alderman Hutchins and all and every matter and thing 
relating thereunto are Reversed annulled and made void and of no effect to all 
Intents. Constructions, and Purposes whatsoever and the said Nicholas Bayard and 
John Hutchins hereby are and are declared and hereby Enacted to be as to their 
Honour and Property in the same state Right and Condition as if no such Prosecu- 
tion, Tryall, Judgement, or sentence had been. 

And to the end that right may be done to the said Collonell Bayard and Alder- 
man Hutchins and to the Intent that the Memory of these matters may be put into 
perpetuall Oblivion and that such evill Practices and Proceedings may not here- 
after be brought into Example to the prejudice of any person or persons what- 
soever, BEE it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all Judgements & 
Sentences, Records Process and Proceedings and all other matters and things re- 
lateing thereunto be wholly obliterated cancelled and utterly distroyed, any Law 
statute or Custome to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding. — Colonial Laws 
of New York, Vol. I. pp. 531, 532. 

An Act for the Better Establishment of the Maintenance 

FOR THE Minister of the City of Xew York. [See May 

20, 1703.] 

Chapter 134. 

(Passed June 19, 1703.) 

WHEREAS the Inhabitants and ffreeholders in the City of New York have here- 
tofore made Divers Voluntary Contributions and Subscriptions Amongst them- 
selves, in order to the laying the foundation of a Church and Steeple in the said 
Citty, and have thereby Advanced the Same so far as to the finishing the said 



1530 Ecclesiastical Records 

Church & the building of the Steeple to a CoaFeuieat Height abov^e ground, with 
a purpose to proceed and finish the same. 

And Whereas before the Building the said Church (that is to Say,) in the year 
of our Lord 1693 An Act was made by the General Assembly of this Province, 
Intituled, An Act for the Settling a Ministry & raising a Maintenance for them in 
the City of New Yorli, County of Richmond, West Chester and Queens County, 
wherein amongst other things it was provided and Enacted, That there should be 
Called, Inducted and Established in the City of New York a good Sufficient Protest- 
ant Minister, to Officiate and have the Care of Souls; and that there Should An- 
nually be Assessed, Leveyed, Collected and paid for the maintenance of Such Min- 
ister, the Sum of one hundred pounds, which said sum. Since the building of the 
said Church, hath been paid unto Mr. William Vesey, the present Rector or Incum- 
bent thereof, which being thought an insufficient mainteinance for the said In- 
cumbent, by the Wardens & Vestry of the said Church, has hitherto, for Some time, 
been Supplied by an Addition out of the voluntary weekly collections from the 
Inhabitants of this City, and People frequenting that Church, which were otherwise 
Intended towards the perfecting the said Church and Steeple, & other pious and 
religious uses, 

The General Assembly of this province, for the better Maintenance & further 
Encouragement of the said Mr. William Vesey, have thought fit to Enact, AND 
BE IT ENACTED by his Excellency the Governor, by and with the Advice and 
Consent of her Majesty's Councill and Representatives in Generall Assembly mett 
and Convened, and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the Same; 

That in Lieu and Stead of the above said Sum of One hundred pounds mentioned 
to be raised and paid by the above recited Act of General Assembly, There Shall 
Annually and Once in every year (for and during the Natural Life of the said Mr. 
William Vesey, present Incumbent of the said Church, and so long as he shall 
Officiate as Minister of the same) be Assessed, Levyed, Collected and paid, for the 
Maintenance of the said Mr. William Vesey, Rector of the said Church, the Sum 
of One hundred and Sixty pounds Current Money of New York. 

And for the more regular and orderly raising The said Sum of One hundred and 
Sixty pounds, Bee it Enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the Justices of the 
Peace of the City and County of New York, or any two of them shall every year 
Issue their Warrants to the Constables of each respective Wards within the said 
City to Summons the flfreemen and fCreeholders of the said City together, on the 
Second Tuesday in January for the chusing of ten Vestrymen and two Church 
Wardens, and the said Justices or any two of them Shall within two Months after 
the said day call together the Vestrymen, so chosen as aforesaid, and they or the 
Major part of them, are hereby Impowered and required to lay an Equall Tax on 
the Inhabitants of the said City of New York, for the raising the aforesaid sum of 
One hundred and Sixty pounds; 

And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That such of the Vestry- 
men as shall not be present at the time Appointed to make the said tax, and thereof 
l)e Convicted by a Certificate under the hands of Such as doe Appear, and have noe 
Sufficient Excuse for the same, Shall respectively fCorfeit fflve pounds Currant 
money aforesaid; 

And a Roll of the said Tax, so made shall be Delivered into the hands of the 
Constable of each respective ward of the said City, with a warrant Signed by any 
two Justices of the peace of the said City, Impowering him or them to Levy the 
said Tax, and upon refnsall to destrain upon the Goods and Chattells of the Per- 
son or Persons so refusing and Sell the Same, by publick out-cry, and pay the 
money, arising by the said Sale, into the hands of the Church Wardens, first re- 
taining to himself twelve pence in the pound for Levying thereof, and returning 
the Overplus, if any there shall happen to be, to the Owner. And if any person 
Shall refuse to pay what he is so assessed, and the said Constable or Constables 
do Destrain for the Same, all the Charges Expended by the said Constable or Con- 
stables, Shall be paid him or them, with such further Allowance for his or their 
pains as the said Justices, or any of them, shall judge reasonable. 

And if the said Justice or Justices Shall neglect their Duty to Issue the said 
Warrant, or fail in any of the premises, by him or them to be done or performed, 
in pursuance and Execution of this act, he or they respectively Shall fforfeit the 
Sum of Twenty pounds Currant money aforesaid. And if the said Constable, or any 
of them, shall fail to do their duty herein, they shall respectively fforfeit five pounds 
Currant Money aforesaid. 

And the Church Wardens, so Chosen, shall undertake the said Office, and receive 
and keep a Just and true Account of the Moneys or Goods Levyed by Virtue of 
this Act, & the Same Issue by order of any two of the said Justices, & the Major 
part of the said Vestrymen, for the use, Intent and purpose aforesaid. And the 
Church Wardens shall, as often as thereunto required, yield an account unto the 
Justices and Vestrymen of all their receipts and Disbursements; And in Case tliey 
Shall neglect to do the Same they Shall respectively forfeit five pounds Currant 
Money aforesaid for every refusall. 

And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the said Church- 
Wardens Shall, by warrant, as aforesaid, pay unto the said Rector the Maintenance 
aforesaid at four equal and quarterly payments, under the penalty of five pounds 
Currant Money aforesaid for every refusall, neglect or Default. And l)e it further 
Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the fines. Penalty's and fforfeitures men- 
coned in this act shall be one Half to the use of the poor of the said City, and the 
other half to him or them that Shall or will prosecute for the Same before any of 
her Majesties Justices of the Peace for the Citty of New York, for the time being. 

OF TEE State of ]^ew Yoek. 1531 

who are hereby required -R-ithin fforty day's after any Complaint Shall be made to 
him or them by any person or Persons of the breach of this Act, by reason of any 
person or persons not Doing the Duty hereby required to be done and performed 
by him or them, he or they shall Sumon the said person or Persons So Neglecting 
or refusing as aforesaid, and the matter being heard before him, Shall give Judge- 
ment and grant Execution thereon against the party offending; and Shall Imme- 
diately thereupon appoint another fitt person to do and perform what ought to have 
been done and performed by the said party Oflrending. And if the said person so 
appointed as aforesaid, Shall neglect to do and perform his Duty herein, he shall 
be Subject to the like penalty as if he was duely Elected, Any former Law, usage 
or Custom to the contrary hereof in any wise Notwithstanding. — ■ Colonial Laws of 
New York, Vol. 1. pp. 543-545. See also Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1114, 1164; and Council 
Journal, N. Y. 145-6, 199, 204, 213. 

Lord Coknbury to the Loeds of Trade. 

Allusions to Ecclesiastical Matters. 

1703, July 12. 

I herewith send your Lordships the Acts of the General Assembly of this 
Province, passed last spring. They are in number twelve 

The seventh is an act for the better maintenance of the Minister of New York. 
I humbly intreat this Act may be confirmed. It is to add sixty pounds a year 
to a hundred pounds a year settled upon him by a former Act. The Gentleman 

deserves estreamly well 

The ninth is an Act to enable the Minister and Elders of the French Church to 
build a larger Church. Their congregation is much enlarged, and they have be- 
haved themselves always well towards the Government; therefore I hope you will 
approve of it. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1064-5. 

[1703, July 31 — Aug. 9. Synod cf North Holland, held at Edam. — No allusions 
to America.] 

Order to the Attorney General to Enquire into a Riot at 


Rev. Mr. Hubbard [Hobart.] 

At a Council held at Fort Anne this 
27th day of July 1703. 
Present — His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury etc. 

Sa. Sh. Broughton ^ 

Wm. Lawrence > Esqrs. Rip Van Dam, Esq. 

Gerard Beekman ) John Bridges, Doctor of Laws. 

His Excellency acquainted this Board with two letters from Jamaica in Queens 
County, giving an account of a Riott committed there by one Hubbard a Dis- 
senting Minister and other of the Inhabitants of the said Town. — Ordered that the 
Attorney Generall doe Inquire into the facts, and as they shall appear to him 
prosecute the persons according to Law. 

By order of his Excellency in Council, 

B. Cosens, Ck. Council. 
Endorsed, " Order of Councill of the 27th July 1703. 

For the Attorney Generall."— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. p. 126. 



1532 Ecclesiastical Records 

Memoeial from Mr. Livin'gston About New York, to the 
Lords of Trade. 

Mohawk Missions. 

1703, Aug. 

" The French Priests, by their insinuations and false pretences, have decoy'd 
ove(r) to them a great many of our Indians, and have raised a great faction in 
their Castles; and it's feared a great many more will follow, unless they have 
Ministers to instruct them in the Christian faith, of which they seem very fond. 
The Nations of the Sinnekes and Onnondages have also received such impressions 
of the Christian Religion, that if Ministers were planted amongst them, to convert 
them to the Christian faith, it would be of great advantage to Her Majesty's 
Plantations, not only in securing these Indians friendship, but also in being a 
Cheque and discouragement to the French Emissaries, who frequently visit those 
Nations and lived there all last winter endeavoring to corrupt their affections from 
the English, and make ill impressions in their mind, to the apparent prejudice of 
their Trade, which decays daily more and more." — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1067. 

Eev. Beenardus Freeman to Gerardus Beekman of Kings 
County, August 2, 1703. 

[Port Folio " New York," Vol. i.] 

Schenectady, August 2, 1703. 

Sir: — I duly received your favor, and understood thereby that 
my lord (Cornbury) and his Council would no longer prevent me 
(from leaving Schenectady;) and that they had rejected the 
memorial of Schenectady to that end. Thereupon I made ar- 
rangements at once to preach my farewell sermon, and requested 
my Consistory to give me a certificate and a release or dismission 
from my office there; but they refused to give these to me. This 
they did because the people of Long Island had not assured them 
that they would pay back the expenses incurred (by my voyage 
from Europe) ; and also because your Call was not more greatly to 
my advantage. It was, indeed, ridiculously small as to the money 
promised and perquisites — only one hundred and twenty-five 
pounds, (and no?) higher; and then the meadow land was also 
refused me. I can only say that the Classis of Lingen would 
despise such preposterous offers, if they could pass judgment 
on them. 

OF THE State of ^STew York. 1533 


I said, however: Brethren, I shall not write to the Consistories 
of Long Island (at once), yet I will accept their Call condition- 
ally. For I doubt not but that their esteem for me is so great, 
that they will not decline to make their Call much better. I 
therefore said to them, (the church of Schenectady) that they 
must dismiss me, and give me a dismission and certificate. But 
they replied — What ails you, that you tell us that we must give 
you these ? I answered, that I wanted a certificate. They said, 
We cannot give one to you if you wait a year and a day for it, until 
we are first assured that those expenses (of the voyage) shall be 
reimbursed to us. The fault lies not with us, but with those Long 
Islanders, inasmuch as they did not send that expense money with 
the Call. We have written them a letter, that they must first 
satisfy us in this matter. 

We received an answer. It came from eight elders, but not 
a word was said about that money; but only that they felt hurt; 
they were troubled on every side. It seemed as if that letter 
showed, that they did not want a Domine there; that they had 
made the Call in such a way as to make me dissatisfied with them. 
ISTevertheless, I asked them here again, if they would please to 
give me that certificate. They now answered — No. I then 
preached my farewell on July 10 (or 18), and thought to myself, 
they will certainly now give it to me, after that; but they still 
remained obstinate. I was, therefore, greatly embarrassed, and 
knew not what to do. To leave without a certificate, would be 
no advantage to me; for they would refuse to install me in my 
office there. Such a result would be a joy to the evil-minded, 
but a grief to the pious. Yet I finally concluded to leave any- 
how, and was just about packing up my goods, when they made 
this final assault on me, which was also the cause of what follows: 

They professed to be anxious to treat me as I desired. As 
I had said, I did not want to accept the Call from Long Island 
except on certain conditions, namely, that it should be improved, 


1534 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

(as to salary, etc.); therefore my people here now said to me, 
Kemain here until you hear further from them by letter, whether 
they will give you as good a salary, with other perquisites, as 
we will give you here. If they do this, we mil no longer stand 
in your way. They Avill then be ahead, and we will give you a 
certificate. So, as I could not well leave, at any rate, with- 
out a certificate, I thought this was the best thing I could do. 
For I said to myself, If Long Island murmurs a little over this, 
yet meantime they may become more united thereby; for I felt I 
could not possibly labor for them on the Call they had sent me. 
I judged it best, therefore, to wait their further determination. 
I accordingly answered them, that in God's name, I would 
agree to this. If the people of Long Island had sent me a Call 
by the hand of a deputy from their Consistory, who had been 
fully empowered to settle all differences, and to give satisfaction 
as to all claims of my Consistory here, vfhich is the general way, 
I could not have been detained from your church for a fortnight ; 
and it would have saved both you and me much anxiety. I was 
willing enough to leave, as appears from my having preached my 
Farewell ; but I was detained by the certificate which was withheld ; 
for the certificate was my "character", and was necessary to 
continue me in my ofiice or to put a stop to my career. Your 
wisdom will have sufificiently anticipated this in all this business. 
Shortly after my Farewell, therefore, my church here made 
out for me a new Call on this condition: That in case you did 
not make out a more favorable Call, that I should continue to 
serve them here. To this I agreed on this condition: That a 
canvass should be made of your congregation there to discover if 
they were willing to compete as to these honorable terms. I 
hope speedily to be infonned as to the result, one way or the 
other. Until that time, I will not accept of either of these Calls, 
that all questions may thus be put finally to rest. I will there- 
fore now recount to vou what honorable and agreeable terms 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1535 


my congregation here (at Schenectady) have, in their love, put 
in their Call, in order to keep me. 

First: That for my ser\dces in the church, and for other 
religious and edifying instructions, they will pay me one hun- 
dred and twenty five pounds per annum, in quarterly payments; 
that on whatever may remain unpaid at the end of the year, they 
will pay six per cent interest; that they will give proper secu- 
rity to pay a half year's salary to my heirs, after my death. 
They will also provide me with a house, a lot, an orchard and 
pasturage for at least one horse and cow, and as much more as 
my household may require; two cows and a horse, if necessary, 
and even more, if required. And in case anything should hap- 
pen to me — which may God prevent — whether feebleness of 
body or paralysis of the tongue, so as to incapacitate me to con- 
duct the services, there will be secured to me an honorable sup- 
port. As to the Classis of Lingen, it is as acceptable to them 
here as any other Classis; for it is orthodox, and it is the Classis 
which sent me out; that any differences which may arise will be 
settled here, if possible, without sending them to the other side 
of the sea; that others will be settled by the help of neighboring 
Churches; or if necessary, will be referred, either to the Classis 
which had sent me out, or to that one which the Consistory should 
choose. For he who wishes to accuse a person of any misdeed, 
can have his way in doing so, although the accused or convicted 
person may have the right of appeal. 

ISTevertheless my congregation here is well content with these 
arrangements, without formally mentioning them in their Call to 
me. Tor they are wise enough to understand that it is not in 
my power to withdraw myself from the Classis of Lingen (in 
Westphalia). For if I did so, I would thereby renounce my min- 
isterial character altogether. For it was that Classis which sent 
me over here, and no other; and it was that Classis which or- 
dained me. 


1536 Ecclesiastical Hecords 

Understand, therefore, that the Call which you sent me needs to 
be amended in all these particulars. For no one can take a 
servant away from the house of another, unless it be with the 
intention of giving him higher wages, so that it will be to his 
advantage; or unless he be hated by his master, and so was 
unable to stay. If then, you are able to give a salary equal 
to this congregation (of Schenectady) as specified above; and in 
addition, pay the expenses incurred by them, (for the cost of my 
voyage, etc.); and will not bind me to join any other Classis, 
than the one to which I belong, and which, under God's blessing 
sent me over here : — then let the Consistories (of Kings County) 
make this known by making out a new Call containing these con- 
ditions. I assure you, that then, with cheerfulness of heart, 
and under the favor of God, I would put my shoulder under the 
burden of your churches, and endeavor to edify them according 
to the grace of God which is given unto me; but if no agreement 
can be arrived at on account of troublesome persons, I will never- 
theless pray God that such result may tend to our mutual 

I have written in similar strain to the Consistory there 
(Kings County). That I did not write sooner is because I 
accepted your Call conditionally, and meant to talk about these 
amendments by word of mouth; and also because a certificate 
has been denied me all along (by the church here.) Then, the 
letter of the eight elders also said, that if I would not come on the 
Call as sent, I should say so. From this I concluded that per- 
haps it would not be amended at all, and this destroyed my 

In regard to what you write me, that my lord (Cornbury) had 
been made to believe that I had originated the request from this 
county, (petition of Schenectady to the Governor to prevent 
Freeman from leaving), this is too absurd; I was entirely ignorant 
of it. It contradicts itself, considering that I actually went 
on to preach a farewell sermon, which totally refutes such a 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1537 

rumor. Then also the Indians here insisted upon having an 
answer from my lord, before they would let me go; for they 
made a great disturbance over it. But I hope all will turn out 
for the best. 

I have thus written at length, that this letter may be read 
by many; such as Lot and Schenck and Sobering and Brunt. It 
will therefore, suffice for all who are desirous to understand 
the causes why I did not come down at once; for I wish to be 
clear of the cause of this long delay. Thus may they all remain 
my friends when they have understood that the delay was no 
fault of mine; but that it originated from the character of the 
Call, and the lack of provision therein to reimburse (for my 
voyage). For these expenses, which have been the cause of all 
this trouble, amount to forty three pounds six shillings. This 
was the cost of the sea voyage and of the Classical expenses, 
(connected with my ordination). 

With these explanations, I commend you to the grace of God. 

Your Servant and Friend, 

Barnhardus Freerman. 
The address was: 

To Mr. Gerardus Beekman, of her Majesty's Council; of 
Kings County, Long Island, at Flatbush. 
A true copy, word for word, and letter for letter. 

Gualterus Du Bois. 
Vincentius Antonides. 

^ Rev. Beknakdus Freeeman to Joseph Hegeman of Kings 
County, Long Island, August 2, 1703. 

[Port Folio " ISe^ York " Vol. i.] 

Schenectady, August 2, 1703. 

Sir: — That your letter has not been more quickly answered, I 
regret, but I had thought to have come down to your place ere 



1538 Ecclesiastical Records 

now. But because there was no mention made of the expenses 
(of the voyage, etc.), either when the Call was sent, or by you in 
your last letter, in reply to the one of my Consistory here, or by 
the eight elders in theirs; — therefore did my Consistory refuse 
to give me a certificate (of dismissal). The fault, however, lies 
with the Consistories there (in Kings County), because you made 
no response in reference to those expenses, except to make some 
round about excuses. Such then is the reason of the delay, which 
is not according to my wishes. 

Although there were also some things unacceptable in the 
Call, I thought that your love would subsequently correct these 
if I should come. But noticing your warning, that if I were 
not willing to come on that Call, I should say so, so as not to 
keep your people in suspense; truly, God knows, I did not delay 
long, for after six days I declared myself in favor of Long 
Island; but I could not get a certificate before assurances were 
given about those expenses; and to leave -without a certificate 
would only be to make myself ridiculous. 

It was also not in my power finally to accept of the Call, as 
it not only offered less salary than the last preacher received, 
but also omitted the orchard and pasturage. Then, it also wanted 
me to put myself under the jurisdiction of the Classis of Amster- 
dam. It is not in my power to agree to this, no matter how much 
I might desire to do so; yet such was the tenor of your com- 
munication to me. 

You will well remember that you said, that if you made out 
a Call for me, that I should tell you whether it was all right; 
that I should ponder it between God and my conscience. I have 
done this. Yet I cannot go, because you refuse to pay those 
expenses, or you have, at least, quietly ignored them. 

Let, then, this matter be rightly understood by you. I have 
written at length to all the Consistories (of Kings County.) 
From them you can learn every particular as to how matters 

OF THE State 05 Wew York. 1539 

stand. I request that we may have a reply speedily sent to us — 

one from the Consistory, that I may take measures accordingly. 

With salutations, Farewell. 

Your sincere friend, 

Barnhardus Freerman. 
P. S. Greetings to your wife. 

This letter was addressed: Capt. Josephus Hegeman, 

Long Island at Flatbush. 

A true copy, word for word, letter for letter. 

Gualterus Du Bois. 

Vincentus Antonides. 


•^ Letter written by Domine Freerman of Schenectady to the Con- 
sistories of Long Island. 


To the Worthy and Beloved Elders of the Dutch Congregations 
of Christ's Church on Long Island, being the four villages (of 
Brooklyn, Flatbush, New Amersfort and 'New Utrecht,) in 
King's County: 

Schonegtade, the 2nd of Aug. 1703. 

Beloved Brethren: — With great joy I received the good news 
that his Excellency, my Lord Combury, has restored me my 
honor and reputation, and given you permission to send your call 
to me. This is best for the honor of God and the church. It 
is also to me the greatest blessing, and for this honor and privi- 
lege I am grateful. 

By the hand of Domine Lydius I received on the 19th of May, 
1703, the call which you sent me. That I have not replied to 
the worthy brethren as quickly as possible, is not without good 
reasons. The call in itself was good, as it directed me, by God's 
assisting grace, to preach his Word: but the conditions annexed 


1540 Ecclesiastical Records 

to it were not acceptable to me. Nevertheless, six days after 
its receipt, I notified my Consistory that I would accept this call 
as it was, if they would, according to its request and contents, 
dismiss me, and give me a certificate. They answered by asking 
me whether I had duly considered the call; that the salary men- 
tioned in the call did not reach up to the proper amount, by at 
least twenty five pounds; and that the orchard and pasturage 
were withheld from me; also that you bound me to the Classis 
of Amsterdam; and that all of these things were well worth 

I replied, that I did not doubt but that your affection for me 
would make it better: that I accepted it on the condition, that 
if you should not be inclined to make it better, on account of 
these conditions, I would not serve you; that I proposed, to 
preach my valedictory sermon on the following Sunday, after I 
had had your call for eight days. I requested that a certificate 
might be given me at once; for it was unpleasant to me to keep 
that church waiting any longer. Then my Consistory said, very 
seriously, that the Long Island Consistories were at fault; that 
they should have written about the expenses (incurred by my 
voyage;) but that when they had once given me the certificate I 
was out of their power; that they were in duty bound to look out 
for their congregation, and must first have security for it, (the 
expenses incurred). Meanwhile they urged me to delay my vale- 
dictory sermon, until they could exchange letters with you, con- 
cerning the expenses; and you need not worry about keeping 
them waiting. Tor if they had sent some one with power of 
attorney, they could have made a speedy end of it, as he could 
have removed all disputes, as well on our side as on yours. Their 
arguments persuaded me. 

Whereupon they quickly wrote by the hand of an elder, Isaac 
Swits. He came back without the letter, but said that Reyer 
Schermerhorn would bring one. But as the latter delayed so 
long, I complained to my Consistory that it should have been 

OF THE State, of iVTEW York. 1541 

received long ago. I, therefore requested to have my certificate 
at once, so that the church (on Long Island) should no longer 
be desolate and without a pastor. They continued to refuse until 
they were made secure as to the expenses. Meanwhile Reyer 
Schermerhorn arrived. I inquired for the letter. He said he had 
received one, but that it had been somewhat delayed; for they 
who had commissioned him had told him that he, Reyer himself, 
must deliver it personally even if he had to remain two weeks at 
the Menades, (Manhattan?) We read the letter and noticed that 
it was signed by eight elders, but that it said nothing whatever 
about the expenses; so that all this time had been wasted. This 
made me not a little angry. I then asked for the certificate 
at once, saying that I did not doubt but that they would be reim- 
bursed. But the more urgently I asked, the more positively 
was it refused, and all because of those expenses. 

Finally, I inquired, whether they never intended to give me 
a certificate. They answered that they could not do it. I told 
them then, I could not keep that church waiting any longer, and 
would preach my valedictory sermon on the following Sunday, 
the 10th (18th?) of July, (1Y03). After I had done so, they 
still refused me the certificate, and blamed the Consistory of 
Long Island that they had not secured them for the expenses. 
I resolved to pack up my goods. Then they made a last assault 
upon me, in the f ollomng proposition : They said, " Since the 
Domine, then, does not want to accept the call from Long Island, 
except upon the condition that they make it satisfactory; there- 
fore stay here with us, until you see whether they are mlling 
to give as much salary as the Domine thinks we are willing to 
give, with other additional perquisites. If they are willing to 
excel us, then we will not keep you back. They will be ahead, 
and we will not refuse you a certificate " (weggeven — give away 
your certificate for nothing.) 

Inasmuch as I could not get ahead of my Consistory, they 
now inmiediately issued a new call to me. They compared this 



1542 Ecclesiastical Records 

with yours, and declared that if the Long Island people in their 
love would do as much for the Domine as they had now shown 
that they would, by offering such an honorable and praiseworthy 
salary, it must be brought to proof; and if so, then they would 
have nothing against it. First, then, in view of my previous 
services, they now promised to pay me one hundred and twenty 
five pounds yearly in quarterly instalments; and if anything 
remains unpaid at the end of the year, to pay it with six per cent 
interest; and to give also sufficient security to pay a half year's 
salary to my heirs in the event of my death; also to give me a 
house and garden and pasturage for two cows and a horse, accord- 
ing as the household may need now or then; and if sickness of 
the body or trouble of the tongue should come upon me — which 
may God forbid — that I could not attend to God's service, that 
then a decent support should be given me; and they make no 
difference between one Classis and another; they are well con- 
tented with the Classis which, under God's providence, sent me 
out; for it is not in my power, to choose another (Classis). If 
any differences come to exist, the Consistory will adjust them; 
and if they are too great, then they will correspond and consult 
mth their neighbors. 

IsTow I say. Rev. Dear Brethren, if you can agree upon such 
an honorable salary as this, with a house, as was formerly prom- 
ised, and with grounds attached; and if you will not bind me to 
join another Classis; then with gladness of the heart I will by 
God's aid, set my shoulder under his ark, that is under the con- 
gregation there, (on Long Island). The expenses of Schoneg- 
tade, according to the best of my remembrance, were forty three 
pounds six shillings. If the respected brethren will consent also 
to pay this, then I shall come down directly. If the brethren 
are not inclined to do this, I shall pray God, that all may tend, 
however it goes, to the glory of God, to the salvation of your 
congregations, to the peace of your consciences, to the advance- 
ment of harmony in your churches, and to the encouragement of 

OF THE State of New York. 1543 

godly living; that unbelievers may not be strengtliened, and the 
pious not be offended. Put your hands then to the work, adopt 
godly resolutions, overcome e\dl by good, and the God of peace 
will soon crush the Satan of quarrel under his feet. Such is 
my longing for your congregation. Beloved Brethren, that I 
thought it necessary to communicate all this to you. At pres- 
ent, I am not in service; or at least shall not accept the call now 
made here until I hear what the Rev. Brethren intend to do; 
for I have cut myself loose here, for the sake of your church. 
It now depends on you, and I have no doubt, you will soon give 
me an answer. Thus closing, I commend the much beloved 
brethren to the grace of God, and desire the Lord's blessing and 
all prosperity upon you. This is the wish and prayer to God of 
your cordial friend and brother in Christ, 

Barnhardus Freerman. 

This copy, compared with the original, agrees word for word, 
as much as was possible letter for letter, which we the under- 
signed witnesses, declare to be true. 

Gualtherus du Bois, Eccl. New York. 
V. Antonides, Eccl. Midwout, etc. 

Henricus Beys, V. D. M. Kingstowne. 
New York, 

the 28th of May 1Y06. 

Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. 

Presents to Governors.— Bayard and Hutchins. 

Sept. 9, 1703. 


I humbly thank your Lordships for the increase of my salary. I shall not fall 
of acquainting the Assembly, as soon as they meet, with her Majesty's orders 
for prohibiting any presents being made to the Governour for the time to come. 

I have likewise received your Lordships letter with Mr. Attorney General's 
opinions inclosed. As to that relating to Bayard and Hutchins, I can only say that 
I was told that Bayard has brought his action against one or two of his Jury 
and one of his Judges. But I did not think it proper for me to stop any man's 
private actions, especially when there was no application made to me by the other 
side.— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1071. 

1544 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


Council Journal. 

1703, Oct. 14. The Queen forbids any presents to be given to 
the Governors: said to be a custom. 206. 

The members of the Assembly took the abjuration oath before 
the Governor. 206. 

The oath of allegiance and supremacy and the test formerly 
taken. 206. 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Correspondence from America. 

./ The Consistories of the churches of Brooklyn, etc., to the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, December 11, 1703, O. S. 

Port Folio, " 'New York ", Vol. i. Extracts in Vol. xxi 460. 

Addressed: To the Much-Esteemed, Pious and Highly Learned 
Gentlemen, the Brethren in Jesus Christ constituting the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

Reverend Sirs: — 

The Triune and All-Sufficient God, the God of the Covenant 
of His people, has in these last days caused the pure Gospel, in 
its fulfillment, to be proclaimed to the many inhabitants of these 
remote islands of the world. This is in fulfillment of the prophe- 
cies, and to the glory of His name, as well as to the salvation 
of His chosen. It has also pleased Him in His paternal love, 
and in His Providence as the Good Shepherd, and by means of 
this same preaching of His Gospel, and through the operations 
of His Spirit, to gather a nmnber of Dutch Reformed churches, 
in this Province of ISTew York, in America, under the dominion 
of her Royal Majesty, Anne, Queen of England, etc. These 
churches are in harmony with the churches of the ever praise- 
worthy and blessed ISTetherlands. ISTot the least among them are 
those of Breukelen, Midwout and Amersfoort, on the Island of 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1545 

JSTassau, over which God has placed us, the undersigned, as Eld- 
ers and Deacons. And assuredly we are under no small obliga- 
tions to the Kev. Classis of Amsterdam, which we are ever obliged 
to recognize as our Mother, that through your faithful care, our 
congregations have repeatedly heretofore been provided with 
pastors and teachers, who are no less excellent in prudence and 
piety, than in learning, eloquence and zeal. 

But inasmuch as it hath pleased the Wise and Sovereign God, 
who worketh all things according to the counsel of His own will, 
to deprive our congregation, to the general sorrow of all, of 
their much beloved and excellent pastor, the Eev. William 
Lupardus, of blessed memory, who died now more than two years 
ago: we would, without doubt, long ago have solicited your help 
in procuring another to take his place, had it not been that the 
inclinations of a large part of our congregations had given occa- 
sion for us to call Rev. Bernardus Freerman, minister of Schenec- 
tady: but because the terms of our call were not altogether 
acceptable to him; among other things, as, for example, to quote 
the words of the Call itself: 

" Inasmuch as hitherto, we have belonged to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, and have no reason now to separate ourselves there- 
from; therefore, in case any misunderstanding should arise — 
which may God forbid — between us and you, about any matter 
in which some Classis in Holland would need to be recognized, 
we expect that you, with us, will submit the same to the said 
Classis of (Amsterdam)": and because the conditions which he 
proposed, we did not deem agreeable : 

Therefore We, the undersigned. Elders and Deacons in the 
said villages, being authorized by our congregations to call 
another faithful dispenser of the mysteries of God; and owing 
to the pressing need of our churches, we desire to fill the vacant 
church as soon as possible: and finally, with the permission of 
the Hon. Edward Viscount Combury, our Governor, have, in the 
fear of the Lord, resolved, to request earnestly, and to author- 



1546 Ecclesiastical Records 

ize the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, as by these presents we do so- 
request and authorize you, to call for our said congregations 
a person, either married or unmarried, we prefer unmarried, of 
whose learning and piety and other praiseworthy virtues you have 
sufficient assurance, to preach the Word of the Lord purely,, 
plainly and forcefully; to instruct those thirsting for knowledge, 
in fundamental truths, by general catechizing; faithfully to ad- 
minister the Holy Sacraments according to the institution of 
Christ; prudently to administer church discipline, and to govern; 
and furthermore with a peaceable and Christian demeanor, to do- 
all that belongs to the office of a faithful minister of Jesus Christ, 
according to the Word of God and the good Order of the Church. 

In particular: to preach twice on each Lord's day, when in 
health, the one Sunday in one village, and the next Sunday in the 
next, in turns, regularly going the rounds of the four villages; 
and to do the same on all other preaching days, according to the 
custom in use among us, and observed by the late Rev. Lupardus.- 

And inasmuch as, in our congregations, the remembrance of 
the satisfactory and edifying services, and the faithful labors 
of the Rev.,' Pious and Highly Learned Domine, Casparus Van 
Zuuren, our former pastor and teacher, now minister at Gou- 
derack, is still fresh and lively; and for which reasons, they 
consider themselves bound always to manifest, so far as possible^ 
the evidences of their dutiful love and respect to him, although 
absent: Therefore the Rev. Classis, without diminishing the 
foregoing authority conferred, is kindly requested to take inta 
proper consideration any recommendation of a capable person by 
the said Rev. Van Zuuren, if such can be conveniently done, and 
if he is still living; to let the eye fall upon such a one would be 
a circumstance peculiarly agreeable to our people. 

To encourage the acceptance of this call, the party called is 
honestly promised : — 

1. A salary of one hundred pounds, New York money, which 
amounts, according to the reckoning in this country, to eight 

OF THE State of New York. 1547 

hundred Dutch guilders. This annual salary will begin with his 
first sermon before his congregations. [One hundred pounds is 
equal to two hundred and fiftv dollars; but eight hundred guild- 
ers is equal to three hundred and twenty dollars.] 

2. In addition to this, a good and suitable dwelling, free of 
rent, located centrally, at Midwout; with the barn, and land as 
far as the road, and a garden; all this to be delivered in good 
condition, and to be kept up. 

3. Also, to provide him, yearly, with sufficient fire wood for 
his house-keeping, 

4. He shall also receive, immediately on the delivery of his 
first sermon here, a half year's salary, as an honorarium. 

5. He shall also receive upon his landing here, in payment 
for his transportation and other expenses on the voyage, thirty 
three pounds, !N^ew York money, if he be a single man; but if he 
be married, he shall receive forty three pounds. This sum, ex- 
perience teaches, is sufficient. It is deemed advisable, there- 
fore, to specify it beforehand, so as to leave freedom to the party 
called, as to his manner of coming over, and to avoid all disputes. 

6. When he preaches at Breukelen, which is not above an 
hour's ride; or at Amersfoort, which is not above a half hour's 
ride from his home, he shall be taken thither and brought back, 
without cost to himself. 

7. To these promises. We, the undersigned. Elders and Dea- 
cons, stand pledged, in such a way that we bind ourselves, qual- 
itate qua, and our successors in the same capacity, to see to it, 
and to use all diligence, that each half year, the full half of the 
whole salary shall be paid. 

On these fair terms and well-intentioned promises, we ear- 
nestly request and authorize the Classis of Amsterdam, to call, 
.as soon as possible, a capable person, endowed with the requisite 
qualifications. To this end, in payment of Classical expenses, 
one hundred guilders are transmitted, to be paid by him who is 
mentioned in the accompanying note. We request you to per- 



1548 Ecclesiastical Records 

suade the party called, after his complete acceptance of said call, 
to start on his journey hither as quickly as possible. And we 
pray the Lord, that under his favorable guidance, he may arrive 
safely. We also promise to hold him in such respect, affection 
and honor, as is due to an upright and pious pastor. 

Finally, we pray the Great Shepherd of the sheep abundantly 
to pour out His divine blessing, with the gifts of his Spirit, upon 
your Reverend Assembly, upon your persons and respective min- 
istries, to the magnifying of His J^ame, the upbuilding of the 
Church of God, and the ingathering and salvation of many souls. 

Done at our meeting of Consistory at Breukelen, December 
11, 1703, O. S. 

Reverend, Pious and Highly Learned Sirs and Brethren in 

Christ Jesus, 

Your obedient Servants and Brethren in Christ Jesus, The Eld- 
ers and Deacons of Breukelen, (Brooklyn), Midwout (Flat- 
bush), and Amersfoort, (Flatlands.) 

Daniel Rapalje ] 

His ] 

John X Freriks \- Elders of Brooklyn. 

Joris Hanse 

Joseph Hegeman ) ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

Christopher Frobasco ) 

Garret Stoothoff 
Dirk Jansen Amerman 

His )■ Elders of Flatlands. 

K'icholas X Wykof | . \ 

mark J 

Gysbert Boosaart ) -p. j. ^ . -, 

/ . ^ { Deacons oi BrookJvn. 

Aegst Aersen ) 

John Van A^liet ) t^ j? in ^.i i, 

^ ,. ^ -, y Deacons oi llatbush. 
Cornelius Cornel ) 

Martin Schenck ) -p. x t?i ^i j 

^ - . ]■ Deacons oi llatlands. 

John Amerman 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1549 

Me. Kobekt Livingston to the Lords of Trade. 

Mohawk Missions. 

170.3, Dec. 18. 
To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

The humble memorial of Robert Livingston Secretary for the Indian affaires in 
Her Majesty's province of New Yorlje in America. 

Sheweth. That pursuant to Your Lordships commands, he addressed himself 
to my Lord of London for Missionaries to be sent among the Indians for their 
conversion; who advised him to apply to the Right Honoral>le the Society for 
propagating the Gospell in foreign parts, which accordingly he did, and by a memo- 
rial prayed, that they would be pleased to send six Ministers, that is: one to 
each of the Five Nations, and one to the River Indians, and that each Minister 
might have a couple of youths who would soon learn the language, and be able to 
minister to them; and that there might be houses built for the Ministers, and a 
Chappel at each Castle, stockaded round, which by computation may cost sixty or 
•eventy pounds a piece; and that said Ministers might be furnished yearly with 
8ome small presents to the value of ten pounds, to give to the Indians; and that 
the Minister of Albany might be considered for the pains he has taken with the 
Bald Indians. 

The Right Honorable Society have found out two good men for that purpose; 
that one hundred pounds sterling per annum will be allowed to each of them, and 
twenty pounds a piece towards buying utensils for them; but he is directed by 
His Grace, the Archbishop, and the rest of the Society to acquaint your Lord- 
ships, that though they think it absolutely necessary for their better accommoda- 
tion, that there should be small houses built for them among the Indians, and 
that they should each of them have a servant to attend them; yet the Society, 
which has already made such large efforts with an income so small, entirely pre- 
carious and voluntary, do beg your Lordships to lay the matter before Her 
Majesty; since this affair is partly civil, and regards the State, so far at least as 
the said Missionaries may contribute to secure those wavering people to the inter- 
est of the Crown of England, and keep them from falling off to the neighboring 
French of Canada. 

Your Lordships are therefore humbly prayed that yon will be pleased to represent 
it so to Her Majesty, who no doubt, when she is well informed, will contribute 
the remainder and whatever else will be needful for the accomplishing so good a 

All which is nevertheless most humbly submitted by 

Robert Livingston. 
— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1074-5. 

18th December 170.3. 

Petition of the Rev. Me. Ly'dius. 

To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Cornbury her Majesty's Capt. Generall 
and Governour in Chiefe of ye Province of New Y'orke. and of New Jersey, and 
of all the tracts and territories of land depending thereon in America, and Vice 
Admiral of ye same etc. and to ye Honourable Councill of ye said Province of 
New York. 

The humble Petition of Johannis Lydius Minister att Albany. Humbly sheweth: 
How that your petitioner in obedience to your Excellency's directions hath 
to the out most of his endeavours made itt his practice to instruct Indians of ye 
Five Nations in the Christian faith, for which service your Excellency and Coun- 
cill hath been pleased to allow your humble petitioner a sallary at sixty pounds 
per annum. 



1550 Ecclesiastical Recouds 

Your humble petitioner doth therefore most humbly pray your Excellency and 
Councill will be pleased to grant him a warrant on ye Collector or Receiver Gen- 
erall for one year's sallary in ye service as a fore said, which is expired the first 
of November 1703, and your humble petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray etc. 

Johannes Lydius. 
Albany the 30 of December 1703. 

*** In council Min. ix. 48. June 13, 1702, is an entry in which Mr. Lydius is 
styled " Minister of the Dutch Reformed Church at Schonectady." The state- 
ment that he came to this country in 1703, which some persons have made, is there- 
fore incorrect. His son, John Henry Lydius, who was a prominent Indian trader 
in the Jolony of New York, died in Kensington, near London, in 1791, aged 98, 
tiaving retired to England in 1776. There is a Biographical notice of him in the 
Gent. Mag. vol. 61. p. 383. which we refer to here only for the purpose of putting 
the Historical Student on his guard against some parts of it, which contain rather 
more poetry than truth. — Doc. Hist. N. 1". Vol. ill. p. 538. 

Trinity Church. Rev. George Keith. 


Rev. Keith again preached in Trinity Church, New York, on November 7, and 
November 28. The first sermon was on Acts 2: 42, "And they continued stead- 
fastly in the Apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in 
prayers ". The second sermon was on 1 Cor. 12: 13, " For by one Spirit are we 
all baptized Into one body, etc." These sermons were printed. Mr. Keith says: 
" By the Blessing of God, both these printed sermons have been serviceable to 
many in these American parts, and to some also in England, to reclaim them 
from their erroneous Opinions about the two Sacraments, Baptism and the Lord's 
Supper ". 

The voluntary contributions in Trinity Church from December 12, 1703 to April 
19, 1704, amounted to fifty one pounds, fourteen shillings and one and a half pence. 
Records i. 47. 

Col. Wenham was desired to write to Mr. Thrale to procure the plate and fur- 
niture given by her Majesty to Trinity Church. Records i. 47.— Dix, 155. 

Madam Knight, a Unique Character from Boston, Kept a 
Journal, in Which She Describes Certain Things in ]S[ew 
York in 1Y04. 

" Mr. Burroughs went with me to Vendue where I bought about one hundred 
Rheem of paper which was retaken in a fiy-boat from Holland and sold very rea- 
sonably here — some ten, some eight shillings per Rheem by the Lott, which was 
ten Rheem in a Lott. And at the Vendue I made a great many acquaintances 
amongst the good women of the town, who courteously invited me to their houses 
and generously entertained me. 

The Cittie of New Yorke is a pleasant, well compacted place, situated on a 
Commodious River which is a fine harbour for shipping. The buildings, brick 
generally, very stately and high, though not altogether like ours in Boston. The 
bricks in some of the houses are of divers coullers and laid in checkers, being 
glazed, look very agreeable. The Inside of them are neat to admiration, the 
wooden work, for only the walls are plastered, and the Sumers and Gist are 
plained and kept very white scower'd as so is all the partitions if made of Bords. 
The fire-places have no Jambs (as ours have) But the Backs run flush with the 
walls, and the Hearth is of Tyles and is as farr out into the room at the ends 
as before the fire, which is Generally Five foot in the Lower rooms, and the peice 
over where the mantle tree should be is made as ours with joyners work, and as 
I suppose is fasten'd with iron rodds inside. The House where the Vendue was, 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1551 

had Chimney Corners like ours, and they and the hearths were laid with the 
finest that I ever see, and the stair cases laid all with white tile which is ever 
clean, and so are the walls of the kitchen which had a brick floor. They were 
making great preparations to Receive their Governor, Lord Cornbury from the 
Jerseys, and for that end raised the militia to Gard him on shore to the fort ". 

" They are Generally of the Church of England, and have a New England Gentle- 
man for their minister, and a very line Church, set out with all customary re- 
quisites. There are also a Dutch and Divers Conventicles as they call them, viz., 
Baptists, Quakers etc. They are not strict in keeping the Sabbath as in Boston 
and other places where I had bin. But seem to deal with great exactness as farr 
as I see or Deall with. They are sociable to one another and Curteous and civell 
to strangers and fare well in their houses ". 

" The English go fasheonable in their dress. But the Dutch, especially the 
middling sort, differ from our women; in their habitt go loose; were French muches, 
which are like a Capp and a head-band in one, leaving their ears bare, which are 
sett out with Jewells of a large size and many in number. And their fingers 
hoop't with Rings, some with large stones in them of many Coullers, as were 
tfieir pendants in their ears, which you should see very old women wear as well as 
Young ". 

" They have Vendues very frequently and make their earnings very well by them, 
for they treat with good Liquor Liberally, and the customers drink as Liberally, 
and generally pay for't as well, by paying for that which they Bidd up Briskly for, 
after the sack has gone plentifully about, though sometimes good penny worths 
are got there ". 

" Their diversions in the winter is Riding Sleys about three or four Miles out of 
Town, where they have houses of entertainment at a place called the Bowery, and 
some go to friends houses who handsomely treat them. Mr. Burroughs carry'tS. 
his Spouse and Daughter and myself out to one Madame Dowes, a GentlewomaDi 
who lived at a farm house, who gave us a handsome entertainment of five or sis; 
dishes and choice Beer and metheglin. Cyder, etc., all of which she said was the 
produce of her farm; I believe we met fifty or sixty slays that day; they fly wits' 
great swiftness and some are so furious that they will turn out of the path for 
none except a Loaden Cart. Nor do they spare for any diversion the place affordSj 
and sociable to a degree, they'r Tables being as free to their Naybours as t( 
themselves ". 

Private Journal kept by Madam Knight in a Journey from Boston to New Yorl 
in the year 1704, pp. 66-71. — Quoted from Dix, 159. 

Church of England in New York. 

Of the state of the (English Episcopal) Church in the Province of New York, V 
the appointment of His Excellency Edward Lord Cornbury, and Colonel Franc' 

A Summary Account. 

In this Province are ten Counties. First New York, in which there is an English 
Church, called and known by the name of Trinity Church, already built, and ttg 
steeple raised to a considerable height by the voluntary contributions of several 
persons, a full account whereof has been given in a former scheme to my Lord ol 
London. The Rector of this Church is maintained by a tax levied upon all the 
Inhabitants of the city, amounting to one hundred and sixty pounds, one hundred 
whereof is entailed forever upon the Incumbent for the time being, and Sixty 
pound is added by the influence of his Excellency the Governor and an Act of the 
General Assembly, during the life and residence of the present incumbent, 
Mr. William Vesey. 

And for his further encouragement, his Excellency, out of his great goodness, 
hath ordered in council, twent.v six pounds per annum to be paid out of the 
Revenue for the Rent of the house of the said Incumbent. 

His Excellency hath also, by a law, (1704) incorporated the Rector and all the 
Inhabitants of this City of New Y'ork, that are in communion with the Church ol 



1552 Ecclesiastical Records 

England, as by law established, by which they and their successors are vested 
with sundry rights and privileges; particularly the said law hath enacted, that 
the patronage and advowson of the said Church, and rights of presentation, after 
the death of the present Incumbent, or upon the next avoidance, shall forever 
thereafter belong and appertain to the church-wardens and Vestrymen of the said 
church, in communion with the Church of England; which before was in the 
Vestry chosen by all the Inhabitants of the said city. This privilege establishes 
the Church upon a sure and lasting foundation. 


The Right Honorable and Right Reverend Father in God, the Lord Bishop of 
London hath given a bell to said Church, value sixty pounds. 

His Excellency has also very liberally contributed to the said church, and besides 
used his interest to promote the same. 

A sum of about three hundred pounds formerly collected in the Province of 
New York for the Redemption of some captives in Algiers. In a Brief for collect- 
ing the said sum it is provided that in case the Redemption or death of the said 
captives shall happen before the arrival of the said sum in Holland, that then It 
shall be disposed of to such uses as are mentioned in the said Brief; The Slaves 
being either dead or redeemed before the money was transmitted, his Excellency 
in Council hath assigned the said sum for the finishing of the steeple of Trinity 

His Excellency the Governor taking into his consideration the great charges the 
parishioners have been and are still at in raising the Edifice and Steeple to that 
perfection they designed it, hath been graciously pleased to recommend to her 
Majesty the Queen, that it may please her Majesty to bestow a farm within the 
bounds of the said City, known by the name of the King's Farm, to the use 
and benefit of the said Church, with half an acre of ground adjoining to the said 
Church designed by his Lordship for a Garden and a house to be built for the 
said Incumbent. 

His Lordship has been pleased to encourage Religion, and discountenance Vice 
in the said Province by Proclamation, and has used his utmost endeavours to 
promote the Public Worship of God, and train up youth in the Doctrine and dis- 
cipline of the Church of England, particularly in the city of New York, and hath 
contributed to the building a French Church. And since the death of the late 
minister of the French congregation, resolves to use his interest to introduce a 
French Minister that shall have Episcopal ordination and conform to the constitu- 
tion of the church. 

His Lordship hath been also highly instrumental in enacting a law for establishing 
a Latin free school, and to endow it with a salary of Fifty pounds per annum, to 
which station his Lordship hath preferred the ingenious Mr. George Muirson, who 
for some time discharged that function with approbation and success. 

Two other schools are likewise established in this City by his Excellency's 
care, and by these and other means, the Church daily increaseth, and it is to be 
hoped, if God pleases to continue his Excellency in the Administration of this 
Government, this Church is in a fair way of becoming the greatest congregation 
upon the continent. 

We are willing with much submission to represent to the Honourable Society, 
how that excellent design of theirs in supplying us with a Catechist might have 
their pious endeavours better served, if instead of the pious and deserving Mr. 
Elias Neau, who was brought up a Merchant and in good business, the Worthy and 
ingenious Mr. Muirson, who is now going to England in the hopes of being admitted 
into Holy Orders, were appointed for that purpose. Mr. William Vesey might be 
assisted l)y him, and for his encouragement has promised him Thirty pounds per 
annum at his arrival, being sensible how much this place abounds with Indian 
Slaves and Negroes. This is the state of the Church in the City of New York. 

William Vesey, Rector of New York. 

OF THE State of IvTew York. 1553 



In Long Island in the Province of New York, are three Counties, viz. King's, 
Queen's and Suffollj county. King's County, consisting of four Dutch Congrega- 
tions supplied formerly by one Dutch Minister, (Lupardus) but now without any, 
by the death of the late Incumbent, they are sometimes supplied by the Rev. Mr. 
Vesey where he finds all the English and some of the Dutch well affected to the 
Church of England. "' 

A minister sent by the Society to that County with," some encouragement for a 
maintenance to preach and be a schoolmaster would be a great instrument of 
bringing the youth and others to the Church. . ,. 

^^ William Vesey. 

In Queen's County consisting of five towns divided into two parishes and en- 
dowed with sixty pounds, of New -York money per annum, each parish paid by a 
tax levied on all the inhabitants in the County by Act of General Assembly. 

Jamaica. The parish of Jamaica in said County consists of three towns, 
Jamaica, New Town and Flushing. 

Ill the town of Jamaica there is a Church of stone, built by a tax levied on the 
Inhabitants of the said town by an Act of General Assembly, it has a high spire 
with a bell, but is not furnished with pulpit, pews or utensils. The Church was 
built In the street; there is also a house and some land recorded for the parsonage, 
which was formerly in the possession of the Independent Minister, but now in the 
possession of the present Incumbent by his Excellency Lord Cornbury's favor, 
who has been the gr'^at promoter of the Church in this Province and especially 
at this place. 

In New Town there is a Church built and lately repaired by a tax levied on the 
Inhabitants by an Act of General Assembly: this Church was formerly possessed 
by a dissenting Minister, but he being gone, it is in possession of the present In- 
cumbent by his Excellency's favor. 

Flushing. In this town there is no Church; whereas the other two towns are 
chiefly inhabited by Independents, this is inhabited by the Quakers. 

The Rev. Mr. Urquhart, the present Incumbent, resides at Jamaica, according 
to the directions of an Act of Assembly mentioned it as the parochial Church, and 
there preaches and reads Divine Service twice on the Sundays, for two Lord's days 
successively, and on the third Sunday preaches and prays twice at New Town and' 
at Flushing once a month on the week days, and by the blessing of God, the 
Congregations in the respective towns daily increase. 

Hampstead. The parish consists of two towns, Hampstead and Oyster Bay. 

In Hampstead there is a church, a house and lands for the minister, the people 
are generally well affected to the Church of England and long for the arrival of 
the Rev. Mr. Thomas. 

In Oyster Bay there is no Church, but a considerable number of people desirous 
of a Minister. 


In Suffolk County in the East end of Long Island, there is neither a Church 
of England minister, nor any provision made for one by law, the people genefally 
being Independents, and upheld in their separation by New England Emissaries. 
But there are several already well affected to the Church, and if one or two min- 
isters were sent among them, supported at first by the Society, it would be an 
excellent means of reconciling the people to the Church, and of introducing an 
Establishment for a Minister by Law. 

William Vesey. 

' WESTCHESTER. Mr. Bartow, Rector. 

Here is a Church built, but not finished, being neither glazed nor ceiled. The 
parish of West Chester is divided into four several districts viz. West Chester, 
East Chester, Younkers, and the Manor of Pelham. 

There is fifty pounds settled on the ministers salary by Act of Assembly. 

There is twenty three acres of land given by West Chester division for a glebe. 


1554 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

There is one Independent Congregation of East Chester, whose minister designs 
to leave there, whose congregation upon his departure are resolved to join with 
the Church. 

RYE. Thomas Pritchard. Rector. 

Here is no Church, but the Minister preaches in the Town house; the parish Is 
divided into three districts, viz. Rye, Bedford and Mamaronets. 

There is a salary of fifty pounds per annum established by Act of Assembly; the 
number of communicants are considerably increased, since the first celebration of 
the Sacrament. 

There is an Independent Church at Bedford where the Minister designs to leave 
them, they are well affected to the Church, and it is hoped when he is gone they 
will be in communion with her. 


The greatest part of the people in this County are English, and there is a tax 
of forty pounds per annum levied on the inhabitants of the said County for a main- 
tenance to the Minister, and it is very necessary and much desired by the people 
that a Minister should be speedily sent them with some further encouragement 
from the Society who has at this tiaie an opportunity of reconciling most of them 
to the Church. 

William Vesey. 

In Orange County there are about sixty families of several nations who have no 
Minister, nor are able to raise a salary for one. 


In this County the greatest number of people are Dutch, who about twelve years 
since, sent to the Classis of Amsterdam for a Minister; Mr. Newcella being lately 
(1704) called home, left them destitute of any person to ofiiciate among them, which 
his Excellency was pleased to take into consideration, and has appointed the Rev. 
Mr. Hepburn to preach and to read Divine Service to them, whereby the English, 
who had never a Minister among them have the benefit of public worship, and are 
in good hopes of bringing the Dutch to a conformity. 

The Rev. Mr. Hepburn has at present small encouragement from the people, but 
chiefly under God depends on the kindness and bounty of his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor of this Province. 

William Vesey. 

A large frontier town where most of the people are Dutch, who have from Am- 
sterdam a Dutch Minister, one Mr. Lydius, but there are some English families, 
besides a garrison of soldiers, who are a considerable congregation. A Church of 
England Minister here will, in all probability, do signal service not only by setting 
up a public worship to the joy and comfort of the English, who impatiently desire 
a minister, and persuading the Dutch and others to conform, but also in instruct- 
ing the Indians which come in great numbers thither. 

Mr. Moore Missionary to the Mohawks, is coming to settle here for some time by 
the directions of his Excellency, my Lord Cornbury, who gives him great encourage-, 
ment, and has been particularly pleased to promise him presents for the Indians. — 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 74-77. 

Early Episcopal Services. 

In 1704 Episcopal services were established at Hempstead, Long Island, by Mr. 
Thomas, thus carrying on the work, begun perhaps by Mr. Vesey, but deepened by 
Mr. Keith in 17. . Services were also begun this year at Richmond, Staten Island, 
where St. Andrews Church was built in 1713. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1555 

Latin Free School. 

Lord Cornbury sent a communication 1o the Episcopal Clergy, assembled In 
New York, October 5, 1704, on the subject of education. The Governor had ob- 
tained the enactment of a law for the establishment of a Latin Free School, which 
was endowed with fifty pounds per annum. Other schools were also established. 

Fees in Trinity Church. 

At this time a system of fees were established in Trinity Church as follows: 
Clerk's fees: For attending at a funeral, 5s. 6d.; at a marriage, 6s. 6d. ; for 
Registering a christening, 9d. — Sexton's fees: For ringing bell for funeral, 3s.; for 
digging a grave, 6s. Fees for a marriage 3s. 6d. Every stranger to pay double 
fees. — Burial fees: for burial in the Chancel, five pounds to the minister; for a 
child between ten and sixteen in the Chancel, 50s.; for a child under ten, one 
pound five shillings. — Dix's Hist. Trinity Ch. i. 158-9. 

John Chamberlayn, Esq., to the Lords of Trade. Mohawk 


1704, Feb. 1. 
To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations: 

May it please Your Lordships, Having attempted several times to wait upon your 
Honorable Board without meeting a favourable opportunity, I am bold to take this 
method of acquainting your Lordships, by order of the Society for promoting the 
Gospell in foreign parts, what measures have been taken by that body towards 
sending Missionaries among the Indians of the Five Nations bordering on New 
Yorke, and in consequence of the representation made by your Lordships to the 
Queen upon that head, your Lordships must be pleased to know then, that the 
Society, (not without a great deal of pains and time spent to that purpose), have 
found out two Reverend Divines, Mr. Smith and Mr. Moor, whom they think well 
qualified for that errand, that they have agreed to allow the said Gentlemen one 
hundred pounds per annum each; over and above which they will have twenty 
pounds a piece to buy them utensils for the little cabin they are supposed to have 
among the Indians; and ten or fifteen pounds for books etc. Now, My Lords, I 
am to tell you that the Society having done so much, (and indeed 'tis too much 
considering their small and intirely precarious stock), they would gladly know what 
assistance they may expect in an affaire, that does at least as much concerne the 
State as the Church, (vid: Lord Cornbury 's letters etc.) either at home by your 
Lordships kind representation of the matter to her Majesty, or abroad from the 
Government of New Y'orke; especially, My Lords, seeing that there remains so much 
to be done still; for Mr. Livingston, Secretary of the Indian affaires of the above- 
mentioned Government, acquaints us that four more Missionaries are still wanting; 
that is to say three more for the Five Nations, and one for the River Indians, 
tho' I am told. My Lords, that these last are no longer formidable to us, they 
having been almost consumed in former wars; but this is submitted to your Lord- 
ships. The said Gent: says moreover that each of our Missionaries must have dis- 
tinct houses, which for fear of the insults of drunken Indians, etc., must be 
Pallisaded; that the cost of such houses will be sixty pounds or eighty pounds 
each; that they cannot subsist without two servants to attend each Minister; that 
there must be presents for the Indians, and several other items which swell the 
account considerably, and which are hardly to be compast by any but a Royal 
purse, at least not by ours, which has exerted its utmost efforts. 

I must beg your Lordships pardon for taking up so much of your time, but the 



1556 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

weightiness of the matter as well as the faithful discharge of my duty must 
apologize for my being so full and particular. 

I humbly submit it to your Lordships great wisdome and remain, 

My Lords, etc., 

John Chamberlayne.i 
1. Feb. 1703-4. 

P. S. The Society is to meet next Friday morning at the Lords A: Bp's library 
in St. Martins, where Mr. Livingston and the two Missionaries will attend etc. 
May I humbly hope to receive your Lordships Commands by that time? and if it 
were not too great presumption, I would beg that I might have it in writing, that 
your Lordships meaning may be faithfully represented in your own words. — Col. 
Docs. N. Y. iv. 1077-8. 

Secretary Popple to Mr. Chamberlayne. 

Your letter of the 1st Inst: has been laid before the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations, in answer whereunto they have ordered me to acquaint you 
that her Majesty does allow twenty pounds a piece to all Ministers going to the 
Plantations for their passage; that they are of opinion it will be a great incourage- 
ment to such Ministers if they can be assured of a Benefice in England after so 
many years service (as may be thought reasonable) among the Indians; that there 
being a Society for Evangelizing Indians in New England, which has a considerable 
Revenue by gifts from particular persons, Their Lordships think it would be of 
some service if your Society could inform themselves how such sums of money 
as have been given for that end have been employed. In the meantime their 
Lordships will take care to recommend the said Ministers to the Lord Cornbury 
Governour of New Yorke. 

I am etc. 

W. P. 
. . — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1078. 

Whitehall Feb. 3rd 
1703-4. To John Chamberlayne, Esq. 

Rev. Thokoughgood Mook. 

Rev. Thoroughgood Moor was a native of England. He arrived in the Autumn 
of 1704, In New York, whence he proceeded to Albany and at once entered into 
communication with the Mohawks. He was kept longer than he expected from 
visiting these people " by a great fall of snow ", but succeeded eventually in 
reaching their Castle. As they were not then prepared to receive him, he returned 
to Albany where he was detained " near a twelve month," by the hope of entering 
on his Mission. His efforts, however, were rendered nugatory by the Fur traders 
of the place, and he returned to New York in 1705. The Rev. Mr. Talbot, of 
Burlington, N. J., being called to England, at the time, on business, appointed 
Mr. Moor to serve his church during his absence, who ministered some time in 
Hopewell, which never had a settled minister, though a church had been built 
there as early as 1700 or 1702. Mr. Moor also began, about this time, a church 
at Bristol, Pa. During his sojourn at Burlington, he became so scandalized at the 
conduct of Lieutenant Governor Ingoldsby, that he refused to admit him to the 
Lord's Supper, and was cast into jail in consequence. Having contrived to escape, 
he fled, in company with the Rev. Mr. Brookes of Elizabethtown, to Boston, where 
he met Mr. Talbot, then on his return from England. " I was glad to see them," 
writes the latter, " but much surprised to meet them both here. They told me 
what hardships they met from the Governors of New York and New Jersey, and 
how they escaped out of their hands; I was for converting them back again, 

1 Mr. Chamberlayne was Secretary to the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign parts. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 1557 

telling them the clangers of the sea and the enemy, but poor Thorogood said he 
had rather be taken into France than into the Fort at New York; and, if they 
were sunk in the sea, they did not doubt but God would receive them, since they 
were persecuted for righteousness, and doing their duty to the best of their 
Knowledge." These ill treated gentlemen sailed from Marblehead in November, 
1707, and literally " sunk in the sea." The vessel in which they were passengers 
foundered during the voyage, and neitlier they or any of the crew, or any wreck 
of the ship, were ever heard of after. Mr. Moor was much lamented by those who 
knew him, being (says Mr. Bass) a person of morals, meekness, piety and charity. 
Humphrey's Account of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 287-291; 
Collections of the Protestant Episcopal Society for 1851, 57, 60, 63, 64, 67, 70; New 
York Documentary History, iii. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1077. 

The Anglican Church on Long Island. 

Rev. James Honyman to the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

Long Island, America 15 April, 1704. 

Sir: — After a tedious voyage I arrived at Boston of which I have given the 
Society an account; where, I was informed that, notwithstanding the Bishop of 
London had commissioned me, the Society had encouraged the undertaking, and 
in obedience to their commands I had left my station in the Navy on purpose to 
serve at Jamaica in the province of New York, yet I should find but a cold recep- 
tion at the hands of that Government. This was surprising news to me who was 
in a manner satisfied of my Lord Cornbury's zeal for the advancement of the 
churches Interest; & that Mr. Vesey, minister of this place, was one of those 
who recommended me to my Lord of London's Favor and earnestly desired my 
return; after enquiry made I found the reason, why my encouragement was not 
like to prove suitable to my expectation, was grounded upon a malicious story, 
raised of me while in England by a criminall indicted for felony; who upon her 
trial asserted that I had been too intimate with her mistress (att whose house, 
I lodged some of the time I belonged to the shipp of War that then waited on this 
Province), on purpose to render her mistress testimony of her little & Insignifi- 
cant. I was struck with horror & amasement at the relation, & forthwith in a 
letter to Mr. Vesey, (which I desired him to communicate to my Lord Cornbury), 
not only asserted my Innocence, but told him I would to my last; & in order 
to comply with the Design of my mission, as well as to vindicate my Honor, from 
the malicious oppression, I made the best of my way though in the winter time 
to New York. 

In my journey thither, I was informed of a proposal made by my Lord Corn- 
bury & Mr. Vesey, namely to exchange with Mr. Lockier of Rhode Island, till 
the Bishop of London's opinion in relation to my being inducted to Jamaica should 
be known; to which, that I might in the meantime be in a Tolerable Capacity 
of doing service to the Church, I readily consented; and to this Proposall was 
added the universall Plaudit of the Church Wardens tt Vestry of Rhode Island, 
that having been a place I had done some considerable service in before, for 
which I had their value and esteem; but Mr. Lockier seeming unwilling to the 
exchange, I hastened to this province to desire admission to the place I was 
commissioned to. At my arrival I took all prudent methods to solicit the Gov- 
ernor for his favor & countenance, as well as to Demonstrate my Innocence, 
which I thus endeavoured to do: First I shewed that the Calumny proceeded from 
the single Testimony of a malicious Criminal; secondly from the testimony of 
the wretch, not upon oath; & this I inform you of because the contrary has been 
invidiously asserted; thirdly from the testimony of a Felon who upon her Triall 
would say anything of those who prosecute her, to render them vile & ridiculous; 
fourthly from the testimonj- of a most infamous wretch, whom 1 offered to prove 
Guilty of the worst of crimes; 

On the other hand I endeavoured to evince to the world how much I was in- 
jured l)y appealing to the Gentlemen of the best note in the place, who were at 



1558 Ecclesiastical Records 

that time Intimate with my carriage & conduct, by Certificates of my virtuous 
conversation, under the hands of Capt. Caldwel under whose command I then 
served; by offering to procure testimonies suitable to my calling from Boston, 
Rhode Island, & other places I had done service in; by certificates from Capt. 
Stein who brought me over; & lastly that 'twas improbable, that if I had been 
conscious of anything, that might incapacitate me from the Design of my mission, 
that I should have come over, at the expence of much time, trouble & money, to 
have suffered such indignities. Those reasons are in themselves so clear & con- 
vincing that they at length prevailed upon the Government to grant me admission 
to the ministerial function in this place where I now am & where I hope by the 
blessing of God to be an Instrument of being considerable service to the Church, 
frequent opportunities of opposing the enemies of our religion and bringing them 
over to Christianity offering themselves. We have a Church in this town but so 
far is It from being ornamental that we have not those necessarys that are 
requisite to the Daily discharge of our office, namely neither Bible nor Prayer 
Book, no cloaths neither for Pulpit nor Altar To this parish belong two other 
towns viz. New Town & Flushing famous for being stocked with Quakers, whither 
I intend to go upon their meeting days on purpose to preach Lectures against 
their Errors. I shall by the next opportunity give you a more full & exact ac- 
count of matters; in the meantime beg leave to subscribe myself Sir, 
Your most humble servant, 

Ja. Honyman. 
; — Doc. Hist. N. y. vol. iii. pp. 126, 127. 

Council Journal. Cornbury, Governor. 

Church of England. jSTew Incorporation Bill for Trinity 
Church, ISTew York. 

1704, May 23. A Bill for granting sundry privileges and 
powers to the Rector and inhabitants of the city of New York 
of the communion of the Church of England as by Law estab- 

Laid before the Council by his Excellency. Passed, May 25; 
213. Enacted and signed, June 22; 220. 

Dutch Church of N^ew York. Meetings of Consistory. 

May 31, 1Y04. 

The Consistory having met, God's name was invoked. It was 
ordered that, in accordance with the usual custom for some years 
past, a Resolution shall now be made in writing, that, without 
fail, the Consistory shall meet four times a year, namely, during 
the week before the Lord's Supper. If there be no hindrance 
in the way, this meeting shall be on Wednesday afternoons; else 
on some other convenient day, but before Friday. They also 

OF THE State of New York. 1559 

found it not unadvisable that the Church Masters should hence- 
forth meet with the Consistory at these same times, in order to 
foster brotherly unity, and also to counsel together, if need be, 
on matters pertaining to the welfare of the congregation. 

— Lib. A. 221. 

Trinity Church, New York City. Elias Neau's Effort to 
Form a General Ministerial Society. 

1704, June— Nov. 
Dr. Berrian In his history of Trinity Churcli gives a lengthy account of this 
man. He was an elder of the French Church Society for Propagating the Gospel, 
and finally was led to unite with the Episcopal Church. He tried to bring the 
different denominations in New York into some kind of union. In a letter to the 
Society, dated June 22, 1704, he says: 

" The fine project, that our pastors of New York had made, to labor in concert 
to erect a Society upon the plan of that at London, has had no success. It was 
impossible for me, though I took all the care imaginable, to reassemble our three 
Pastors, [Gualterus Du Bois, (Dutch); Pierre Peiret, (French); Wm. Vesey, (Eng- 
lish.)] I found excuses every whither and which seemed plausible. Mr. Vesey 
on the one side that he durst not innovate anything without express commands 
from my Lord of London, and that if he should go to secret assemblies it would 
be the means of those sorts of assemblies which the Presbyterians call Meetings; 
and that whereas his Church (Trinity) is but as yet in its infancy, he ought to 
labor that he might edify it ". 

" The Dutch Minister pleaded many engagements and his poor acquaintance 
with the English language ". " The French Minister ", Neau says, " is the only 
one who has pusht forward and desired that a Society might be endeavored to 
be erected according to the Articles they had agreed upon together". This fail- 
ing, Mr. Neau and a few friends formed a little society, consisting of seven per- 
sons, of whom the French pastor, Rev. Pierre Peiret, was president, and they 
met every Wednesday in a kind of devotional conference. About this time Mr. 
Neau was appointed as Catechist by Lord Cornbury, an appointment which was 
not satisfactory to Mr. Vesey, who thought that it should have come from the 
Bishop of London, and that the person appointed should be in deacon's orders. 
Suspicions were entertained of Mr. Neau, as not in sympathy with the spirit 
of the Church, and tinctured with purist conceits. On August 29, 1704, he wrote 
[N. Y. Gen. Conv. MSS. i. 49.] again to the Society, explaining the difficulty of 
his situation, Inasmuch as if he proceeded with the work of Catechist he would 
displease Mr. Vesey, while if he remained inactive he would offend Lord Corn- 
bury. However, the happy solution of the trouble came finally in his conforming 
to the Church of England. In explanation and defence of his cause, he wrote, 
Nov. 6th 1704, that he had performed his promise " to quit the employment of 
elder (in the French Church) and 'tis now about ten days since I am entirely 
settled in the English Church, not upon the sole account of my being your Catechist, 
nor for any other worldly object, but I have done it through a principle of con- 
science, because I find more comfort in celebrating the Mysteries in your Church 
and in Praying. I had learnt in my Dungeon part of ye English Liturgy by heart, 
by the means of a Bible which I had there, and to which there was the Com- 
mon Prayer Book annexed. I did my devotions therewith night and morning in 
my solitude. Thus, I beseech you and the whole Illustrious Society to believe 
that I have a very great affection for the Common Prayer, and that it shall not 
be my fault that the Church is not established everywhere according to the direc- 
tions that shall be given me concerning it ". — N. Y. Gen. Conv. MSS. i. 53. 



1560 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

During the summer of 1704, the letters of Col. Heathcote to the Society show 
there was an earnest desire to extend the work of the Episcopal Church. On June 
21st he suggested that the Society should give directions " that there should be 
four Quarterly Meetings of the Clergy annually, two in Westchester County, and 
(in) Queens County two, to propagate the Church ". — X. Y. Gen. Conv. MSS. i. 30. 

Mr. Bradford, the printer, was obliged to borrow of Trinity Church about forty 
pounds to buy paper upon which to print the book of Common Prayer. Chaplain 
Sharp became his security. — Records, i. 49. Dix, 1.56-8. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from ]^e\v York. 

1704, June 2ncl. Kevs. de Eoy and Schultinge handed in a 
letter from jSTew York, and the same was read by the President, 
ix. 73. xix. 272. 

A Letter from Xew York, to Call a Minister. 

1704, June 2nd. A letter was read from the congregation of 
Breukelen, Midwont, and Amersfoort, on the Island of ISTassau, 
(Long Island,) in Xew York, requesting that a capable person 
should be sent to them as pastor, by the Classis of Amsterdam. 
It was added that we would be kind enough to take into consid- 
eration such a kind of person as might be recommended by Rev. 
Van Zueren, now minister at Gourak (or Gouderak.) An order 
for one hundred guilders for Classical expenses was enclosed, 
which was handed over to the Questor (Treasurer.) ix. 73. 
xix. 273. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of Kingstown to the High Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam, June 26, 1704. 

Port Folio " Xew York " Vol. i. Extracts in xxi. 468. 

(Addressed: Reverend, Provident and Highly Learned Sirs, The 
Messrs. Ministers of the Reverend Classis of Amsterdam). 

Reverend, Pious and Highly Learned Sirs: While it hatli 
seemed good unto the Great Shepherd of the Sheep, to whom 

OF THE State of !N"ew York. 1561 

alone it belongs to send forth laborers into His harvest, to take 
away (lit. snatch away) from ns onr minister, Rev. John Peter 
!N"ucella, causing him to be called to the Chapel* of her Brit- 
tanic Majesty in London; therefore we neither conld nor would 
fail, after previous communication with my Lord Conibury, her 
Majesty's Governor of this Province, to turn ourselves to your 
Reverences to inform you that we are at present without any 
preaching services, and therefore without the necessary edifica- 
tion for so flourishing and numerous a congregation. We can 
expect to be served only two or three times a year by the minister 
at Albany, Rev. John Lydius, in the distribution of God's Cov- 
enant of grace. We do not doubt that the great love and affec- 
tion which heretofore you have entertained and manifested for 
the churches of this land, and especially for that of our place, 
are still the same, and that you will not permit that we should 
remain a long time without a pastor and teacher; we make bold 
therefore, to beseech you most earnestly, that at the earliest 
opportunity you will be pleased to look out for, call and to 
send over, another orthodox and capable minister — one pro- 
vided with those necessary gifts of erudition, and of a pious life. 
The further qualifications w^e leave to your own wise judgment. 
But to avoid great expense so far as possible, in this time of 
war, we wish that a young man might be chosen, who would him- 
self pay the money for the expenses of Classis and for his passage 
over, under condition that this advance of moneys shall be repaid 
him promptly, on his arrival here. We would have sent the 
money on from here, but were in fear that the ships might be 
captured, and thus we might easily be put to double expense. 
Purther the salary, which by voluntary promises amounts to the 
sum of one hundred and twelve poimds per annum, current money 

* This Dutch Chapel Royal was founded by William III in 1689, on his accession 
to the throne of England. Dutch services were continued therein down to 1809, 
when in consequence of a fire in the palace, the Dutch services were discontinued. 
Some of the original Minutes are still preserved (1900) in the Somerset House, 
London. Nucella continued liere until January 1722, when he died. See Burn's 
Hist, of Foreign Refugees in England, 222-3. London, 1846. 



1562 Ecclesiastical Records 

of this province, will take its beginning as soon as the preacher 
who may be called sets sail for the purpose of coming hither. 
Upon his arrival he shall find a proper dwelling house, have a 
large garden and sufficient fire wood. These things are always 
provided by the church without expense to him. These terms 
we hope will appear so liberal to you, that you will have little 
difficulty in persuading a worthy servant of Christ to come over 
to us. In expectation thereof we break off. With heartfelt 
prayers to the All-sufficient Grod, that it may please Him to 
preserve your persons in long continued health, to the best 
interests of the churches in your localities, as well as in these 
American regions, we are and shall always remain. 

Reverend, Pious and Highly Learned Sirs, 
Your submissive and very obedient servants, the Elders and Dea- 
cons of the Church of Jesus Christ at Engstown. 

Henry Beekman, 
Cornelius Cool, 
Teimis Eliasse, 
Egbert Schoonmaker, 
Conrad Elmendorf, 
Hans Kierstade, 
John Schepmoor, 
Jacobus du Bois. 
June 26, 1704. 

The Consistory of N^ew Albany, having seen the letter whereby 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam is authorized by the Elders and 
Deacons of Kingstowne to provide their vacant church with a 
learned and pious minister, rejoices in the good care which is 
exercised by the aforesaid Elders and Deacons for the well being 
of the church of God; and heartily mshes that a peace-loving 
minister and one greatly learned in the Scriptures, may be sent 

OF THE State of New York. 1563 


to them by the Classis of Amsterdam. The harvest here is great 

and the laborers few. 

Actum in Albany June 28, 1Y04. 

In the name and by order of the Consistory of the Dutch 

Church, (at Albany) 

John Lydius, V. D. M. ibidem. 

The Rev. Consistory of Kingstown having requested from the 
church of !N'ew York their approval of the above instrument of 
call, the same is cordially granted. We also pray the Lord of 
the Harvest that He will bless this effort, and provide that 
church with a useful minister, one possessed of all necessary 

In the name of the Rev, Consistory, 

Gualtherus du Bois, 
'New York, 

July 27, 1T04. 

[On Account of the Imperfections of the Charter of 
Trinity Church, said Church is Re-Incorporated by Act 
OF Assembly. ] 

Act of 1704, June 27. 

chapter cxli. 

An Act for granting sundry Privileges and Powers to the Rector and Inhabitants Analysis, 
of the City of New York, of the Communion of the Church of England, as 
by Law established. Passed the 27th of June, 1704. Title of Act 

Whereas, the Inhabitants of the City of New YorK, of the Communion of the Eplscopali- 
Church of England, as by Law established, for some years past, by voluntary buliM6^- 
contribution of themselves and others, favoring the Church's Interest, have 1704, Trinity 
erected a Church within said City, for the service and worship of Almighty God, New York, 
called, and known by the name of Trinity Church; and have purchased and pro- 
cured, and do quietly and peaceably hold, use, exercise, and enjoy the said Church, Haveac- 
with the Cemetery or Burylng-place, and a certain tract of land belonging there- tain^ther* 
unto, bounded easterly upon the street commonly called the Broad-way, confining property. 
In Breadth, on the West side of the said street, three hundred and ten foot, or 
thereabouts, from the north-east corner of the ground commonly called the Queen's 
Garden, to the land of John Hutchins, Esq.; thence by a straight line along the 
north side of the said Burying Place, continuing to Low Water Mark of Hudson's 
River; thence by a Line Southward along the said River three hundred ninety 
and five foot, all English measure; and from thence by the line of the said Garden 
easterly, to the place where it begun; together with sundry Powers, Rights, Priv- 
ileges, and Preheminences, necessary for the manageing of the affairs of the quired cer- 
said Church; which by the Blessing of God has been attended with great succeSS; tain Rights 
and the congregation thereof being much increased, calls for suitable Encourage- 
ment; To the end therefore, that such religious work may be founded upon some of cf^irrciT 


Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 


For further 

Act enacted 
by Legisla- 
ture that 
shall be a 

Their rights 
in law. 

May hold 
and enjoy 
under what- 
ever name, 
as firmly as 
if legally in- 
at the time. 

By same 
name may 
more prop- 
erty, and 
sell, lease, 
or improve 
it, for said 
Church; to 
the value o 
five hund- 
red pounds 
income per 

Church set 
apart for 
lian uses. 

Right of 
tion, in 
and Vestry- 

Bight of In- 
duction ac- 
cording to 
Royal In- 
to Gover- 
nor, and 
right of 
Bishop of 

lasting foundation, grow up and become fruitful, to the praise and glory of God, 
tlie good example of otliers, and tlie benefit of tlieir posterity and successors: 

I. Be it enacted by his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain General 
and Governor-in-Chief of the Colony of New York, by and with the consent of 
her Majesty's Council, and this Assembly General, and by the authority of the 
same, That from henceforward, forever hereafter, the Rector and Inhabitants 
of the said City of New York, in Communion of the Church of England, as by 
law established and their successors, be, and shall be able and capable in the 
law, for the maintainance and recovery of their estates, rights, and privileges 
whatsoever; to sue, and be sued, plead and be impleaded, to answer and be an- 
swered unto, defend and be defended by the same name of the Rector and Inhab- 
itants of the City of New York, in Communion of the Church of England as by 
Law established, in all suits, Quarrels, Controversies, Causes, Actions, Matters 
and things whatsoever, in any Court or Courts of Common Law or Equity what- 
soever; and that by the same Name they and their Successors do and shall lawfully 
have, hold, use, exercise, and enjoy all and siugular their said Church Burying 
Place, and Land thereunto belonging, with the Hereditaments and Appurtenances, 
heretofore by them and their predecessors by whatsoever Name or Names the 
same were purchased and had, or to them given or granted, and by them or any 
of them used and enjoyed for the uses aforesaid, to tliem and their Successors, 
to the sole and only proper Use and Benefit of the said Rector and Inhabitants, 
and their Successors forever, in as firm and ample Manner, in the Law, as if 
the said Rector and Inhabitants had been legally incorporated, and made capable 
in the Law to take, receive, purchase, have, hold, use, and enjoy the same, at, 
and before the purchasing, taking, receiving and holding of the said Cemetery, 
and Lands thereunto belonging, and lawfully had, held, and enjoyed the same: 
any Law, Usage, or Custom to the contrary thereof, in anywise notwithstanding. 

II. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Rector 
and Inhabitants and their Successors by tlie same Name from henceforward, for- 
ever, have, and shall have full Power, good Right, and lawful Authority, to have, 
take, receive, acquire a"nd purchase, and use, and enjoy Lands, Tenements, and 
Hereditaments, Goods and Chattels: and to demise, lease and improve the said 
Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments; and to use and improve such goods and 
Chattels, to the benefit of said Church, and other pious uses, not exceeding 
Five Hundred Pounds yearly Rent, or Income; any Law, Usage, or Custom to the 
Contrary hereof in any Wise notwithstanding. And it shall and may be lawful 
for the said Rector and Inhabitants, and their Successors to finish and adorn the 
said Church, alter, enlarge, and amend the same or any part: as also to erect 
and build a convenient dwelling House, Garden, and Appurtenances, for the use 
of their Rector for the time being, a Vestry Room, Charnal House, and otTier 
necessaries of the said Church; and to enclose, support, and maintain the same 
from Time to Time, as there shall be need thereof. 

III. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Church 
and Premises, be from henceforward forever set apart and separate for the Re- 
ligious Uses aforesaid; and that the Patronage and Advowson of the said Church, 
and Right of Presentation (after the death of the Present Rector, or upon next 
Avoidance, and forever thereafter) shall belong and appertain to the Church- 
Wardens, and Vestrymen of the said Church, annually elected or to be elected, 
by the Inhabitants aforesaid, in Communion* as aforesaid, in Manner hereafter 
mentioned, and expressed, or to the major part of said Church- Wardens and 
Vestrymen for the Time being, whereof one Church-Warden always to be one; 
which Rectors shall be instituted and inducted into the said Church, in such man- 
ner, and always as shall be most suitable and agreeable to her Majesty's Instruc- 
tions to his Excellency the Governor of this Colony for ihe Time being, and that 
Canonical Right and Authority, which the Right Reverend Father in God, Henry 
Lord Bishop of London and his Successors, hath, and shall have over the said 

IV. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That the succeeding 
Rector or Incumbent of the said Church, next after the Death or other Avoidance 
of Mr. William Vesey, present Rector and his Successors forever, be, and shall be 

See Cornbury's explanation of this in his letter below, June 30, 1704. 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1565 

instituted, authorized, and empowered, to have, and receive, and sliall have, and salary of 
receive the sum of One Hundred Pounds yearly, raised and levied upon the Inhab- torsl'^after*' 

itants of the said Citv, for the maintenance of a good sufficient Protestant Min- death of 

Vesey, to be 
ister in the City aforesaid, by virtue of an Act of General Assembly, of this one hund- 

Colony, made and enacted in the fifth year of the reign of King William and [Ivietfon*^^' 

Queen Mary, entitled. An Act for settling a Ministry, and Raising a Maintenance the Inhabit- 

for them in the City of New York, County of Richmond, West-Chester and Queen's oity,*ac- 

County; any Law, Custom, or Usage, to the contrary thereof in any wise not with- f°T<^*°K*<' 

•''•'< ' = ' •' ■' Ministry 

Standing. Act of 1693. 

V. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That it shall and may Trinity Cor- 
be lawful for the said Rector and Inhabitants, in Communion as aforesaid, and may have a 
their Successors, forever hereafter, to have, and use a common Seal; and the seal, 
same to alter, break, and new make at their discretion. 

VI. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That it shall and ^of,s!^' 
may be lawful for the Inhabitants aforesaid, to assemble and meet together on OnlyEpis- 
Tuesday in Easter Week, annually at the said Cuurch, to choose two Church- city, to"^* ° 
Wardens, and twenty Vestrymen, Communicants of the said Church, to serve 5,^°"^^ 
and officiate for the next ensuing year; by the majority of the voice of the said wardens 
Communicants, so met and not otherwise; which said Church-Wardens so chosen, ^'^X-lfo'^^ 
and hereafter to be chosen annually, have, and shall have like Power, and Author- are mem- 
ity to do, execute and perform their said Offices, respectively as Church-Wardens Trinity 
and Vestrymen in England have, unless some particular difference may happen. Church, 
by the express power and direction of this present Act of General Assembly. Their pow- 
And it shall and may be lawful for the said Church- Wardens, or one of them fn^E^i?and* 
at any time or times, and so often as shall be needful, to call a meeting of the except as 
Vestrymen of said Church, to meet the Rector for the time being, if any there tlSsAct. 
be, and Church-Wardens or one of them; which said Rector and Church- Wardens 

or one of them, and Majority of the Vestrymen, for the time being, have, and shall ingsareto 
have power to make such Rules and Orders, for managing the affairs of the said "^^ called. 
Church as they or the said Rector and one Church-Warden, with the Major num- 
ber of the Vestrymen, so, from Time to Time met and assembled, shall agree 
upon; which said Majority of Vestrymen together with the Rector and one Church- Shall have 
Warden at least, shall have the sole Disposition and ordering of all payment of posit?onor' 
the Church's Monies; all which Rules, Orders and payments shall be fairly entered moneys, 
and kept in books for that purpose; Provided, nevertheless, in case of the death shall have 
of the said Rector, and before the said Church be supplied with another, that |^I"ff there 
the same Powers and Authorities relating to the making of Rules and Orders as isn'oRector- 
also the Disposition and payment of the Church's Money, lie fully invested in 
the Church-Wardens for the time being, by and with the Advice and Consent 
of the Major number of the whole Vestrymen, and not otherwise, to be entered 
and kept in manner aforesaid; anything herein contained to the contrary thereof lyrav reeu 
notwithstanding. And it shall and may be lawful for the said Church- Wardens late all sal- 
and Vestrymen, or major Part of them, whereof, one Church-Warden always ^'"'®^- 
to be one, without their Rector, to establish and regulate all Fees or Perquisites 
of their Rector, Clerk, Sexton, and other officers of said Church, provided none 
of the Fees or perquisites shall exceed the Fees and Perquisites usually taken 
in England by such Officers respectively, with regard to the Difference of the 
Value of Money in this Colony; as also for the said Church-Wardens and Vestry- jj^y regu- 
men or major part of them, with their said Rector to regulate and order the late charges 
Perquisites of the Church growing and coming by the breaking of the ground in 
the Cemetery or Church Yard, and in the Church for burying the dead, pro- 
vided the Perquisites for breaking the ground in the Cemetery or Church Yard 
shall not exceed the perquisites reserved and mentioned in the Grant thereof made 
by the Mayor, Aldermen, and commonalty of the City of New York, for the 
use of Trinity Church aforesaid; And in case the Church- Wardens or Vestrymen Episcopal 

or any of them happen to die within the vear it shall be lawful for the Inhabitants Inhabitants 
^ ■ -, ■ ^, . „ ., . ,„ may flU va- 

atoresaid, m Communion aforesaid at any time, upon such Emergency to meet cancles in 

at the said Church upon notice given by the Rector, to elect and choose others of chur^h^*^ 

so qualified as aforesaid in their Room; who shall have full Power and Authority Wardens or 

to do, execute and perform the Offices of such as they shall be so chosen to sue- Vestrymen. 

ceed, respectively, until the time of next annual Election. And upon any Altera- 

1566 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


All papers tion of any Church- Warden, by Death or otherwise the preceding Church-Warden 
ertyto°& or Wardens of the said Church, shall deliver over to their Successors, in that 
to^toe>""^*^ Office all Deeds, Chai-ters, Evidences, Books, Matters, and things whatsoever, 
successors, belonging to the said Church, in their Custody by Indentures containing an Inven- 
tory of them, interchangeably under their Hands, which Indentures shall be 
exhibited and shewn to the Vestrymen at first Meeting, next after such annual 
Election, or other alteration happening. 

„ . „ VII. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That it shall and 

Rector may 

appoint may be lawful for the Rector for the Time being, of the said Church upon avoid- 

ton'^etc^'^ ance of such Officers, to nominate and appoint a Clerk, Sexton, or Sextons for 
the said Church; and that the Clerk, Sexton or Sextons of the said Church be, 
and continue in their respective Offices during their natural lives, unless they 
voluntarily surrender, becoming incapable of serving by sickness or other infirmity, 
or misbehave themselves. In which case it shall be in the Power of the Rector of 
the said Church for the Time being, with Advice and Consent of the Church- 
Wardens, or one of them, and Vestrymen, or major part of them to displace or 
remove such Officer or Officers so misbehaving themselves, and not otherwise. 

VIII. And lastly, be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That this present 

ToiS Act to 

be con- Act, and the several Powers, Privileges and Liberties therein and thereby granted 

favorabfv^'' *° *^^ Rector and Inhabitants aforesaid, in Communion as aforesaid, and their 
to Trinity Successors forever be, and shall be construed and understood most favorably for 
Church. ^jjg benefit of said Church, according to the true intent anH meaning of his Excel- 
lency the Governor, and Council and Assembly aforesaid. 

IX. Provided. Nevertheless, That this present Act of General Assembly, nor 
But nothing anything therein contained, shall be construed or understood to extend to abridge 
interfere or take away the Indulgency or Liberty of Conscience, granted or allowed to other 
Tolerat*ion^ Protestant Christians, by an Act of Parliament, made in the first year of the late 
of England King William and Queen Mary of blessed memory, entitled An Act for exempting 
^ ' their Majestie's Protestant subjects dissenting from the Church of England, from 

the penalty of certain Laws or by any other Law or Statute of the Realme of 
England or this Plantation; anything in this present Act contained or miscon- 
strued to the contrary thereof in any ways notwithstanding. 

See Colonial Laws of New York i. 564-9. Also Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1064, 1114-15, 
1167-8; V. 2. Council Journal, 213, 220. Am. Ch. Hist. Series, viii. 121, 124. Cor- 
win's Manual, 4th od. 1902, pp. 94-100. 

Lord Cornbuey to the Lords of Trade. 

1704, June 30. 

Bellomont's Administration. Trinity Chnrcli. Tletcher's 


To the Eight Ilonorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations — 

My Lords : Having received your Lordships commands to give 
my opinion of certain Acts of the General Assembly of this 
province passed since the 2nd of March 1698, I ordered copy's 
of the list You were pleased to send me to be delivered to every 
member of Her Majesty's Council here, that is in the province, 
and at last they have made a Eeport to me upon those Acts, which 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1567 

I here send inclosed to jour Lordships; by which it will appear, 
that the two first Acts mentioned in the list, and in their Report, 
they are of Opinion should be confirmed; the reason they give 
for it is, because they think the same may tend to the peace and 
quiet of this province; in this I agree with them, though I must 
observe, that there are some persons Indemnifyed by that Act, 
who have always been the disturbers of the peace in this country, 
and are now, and always will be (as far as they are able) irrecon- 
cilable Enemies to an English Government ; particularly one Sam- 
uel Staats, and one Abraham Governeur — the first is a Surgeon 
who was bom in this province of New Yorke in the time of the 
Dutch Government, went into Holland to learn his trade, and 
returned hither again, and was here at the time the Dutch sur- 
rendered this province to the English; Upon which surrender 
articles were agreed upon, by which those of the Dutch nation, 
who had a mind to remain here, were to qualify themselves by 
certain Oaths, and there was a certain time limited, beyond which 
they were not to have the benefit of those Articles, if they did not 
qualify themselves. Accordingly this Samuel Staats stayed here 
till the time allowed was very nearly expired, and then rather 
than endeavor to make himself an Englishman, he left this Prov- 
ince and went to Holland, where he remained till a very little 
time before the Revolution; then he came hither, and joined 
with Mr. Leisler, was one of the most active men in this Country, 
and will never cease his endeavors, till he brings this to be a 
Dutch Government again, if he can. 


The seventh act is repealed, by the act above mentioned, and 
the chief reason that induced me to consent to the repealing of 
that act, was, because by it, the Church was st(r)ipped of a Lease 
granted for seven years by Coll. Eletcher under the rent of sixty 
bushels of wheat, and soon as that act was passed, My lord Bello- 
mont granted the same farm to a Dutchman under the same rent. 


1568 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

It is true several grants repealed, or vacated, by tlie Act passed 
in My lord Bellomont's time, Avere very exorbitant grants and I 
think ought to be vacated, particularly that to Capt. Evans (which 
contains near three hundred thousand acres of land) and that for 
two reasons, first because the quit rent reserved, bore no manner 
of proportion with the grant, Secondly because the granting so 
vast Tracts of land to one single person, has notoriously hindered 
the settling of this Country. I must say the same of the Grants 
to Dellius, Pinhorn, Banker etc. and to Bayard, all these grants 
contain vast Tracts of land, and some of them, some of the best 
land in the Country. 

My Lords. 

Your Lordships most faithful humble servant 
(signed) Cornbury. — Col. Docs. ]^. Y. iv. 1111-12. 

ISTew Yorke 
June the 30th 1704. 

The General Assembly of this Province have lately satt and 
passed some Acts which I herewith transmit to your Lordships, 
with duplicates of some others formerly sent; the Acts last past 
were these: first, an Act granting sundry privileges and powers 
to the Rector and Inhabitants of the city of New Yorke, of the 
Communion of the Church of England as by Law established, .... 

The reason for my ascenting to the first of these Acts is because 
the Rector and Vestry of Trinity Church have a Charter from 
Coll. Fletcher, when he was Governor here, and they have been 
told that Charter is defective, so they apply ed to me for one that 
might be more sufficient; I told them I did not perceive that by 
my Commission I have any power to grant Charters of incorpora- 
tion, and that I would not venture to do it without such a power; 

OF THE State of New York. 1569 

some time afterwards they came to me again, and desired I would 
give them leave to offer a Bill to the General Assembly to be 
passed into an Act for settling the Church; I told them I did 
consent to it, because by that means the Queen would have the 
matter fairly before her, and I most humbly intreat Your Lord- 
ships favourable representation of that Act to Her Majesty that 
it may be confirmed; 


The fourth is an Act I readily consented to because till this 
time the Assembly has always sat in a Tavern, which I thought 
was a scandalous thing, and therefore I did several times recom- 
mend it to some of the members of the Assembly to think of 
some method to provide a place fit for them to sit in; this is 
now done by this bill, and I hope Her Majesty will be pleased to 
confirm it. 

Thus I have given your Lordships an account of the Acts 
past this last Sessions, which has been longer than it needed 
have been; through the endeavours of some ill affected persons 
who had a mind to push the Assembly to such extravagant pro- 
ceedings, as might move me to dissolve them, hoping by that 
means to get a Dutch Assembly; These methods did prevail with 
the Assembly to offer at some things which I thought not proper 
for them to meddle with; however having told them my mind of 
those things, I thought it more proper to adjourn them, than to 
dissolve them, hoping they will grow wiser when the hot weather 
is over: .... 

My Lords — 

Your Lordships most faithful humble servant, 
New Yorke (signed) Cornbury. 

June the 30, 1704. — Col. Docs. E". Y. iv. 1114-15. 


1570 Ecclesiastical Records 

*^ Cornbuby's Seizure of the Presbyterian PARSoiq'AGE at 

Jamaica, L. I. 

Lord Cornbury's Order to Eev, Mr. Hubbard to Vacate the 
Parsonage House. 

By liis Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General 
and Governour in chief of the Province of i^ew Yorke, IlTew 
Jersey, etc., etc. 

You are hereby required to deliver the Possession of the house 
Lands and premisses whereon you now dwell and which belongs 
to the Church of Jamaica in Queens County to ye high sheriffe 
of the said County after a reasonable time for removing your 
goods and stock from the premisses and hereof you are not to 
fail at your perill. Given under my hand att fort Anne in IsTew 

Yorke this fourth day of July 1704. 

To Mr. John Hubbard These. 

— Doc. Hist. I^. Y. Vol. iii. p. 128. 

An Order to the Sheriff to Eject Rev. Mr. Hubbard from 
His House in Jamaica. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Capt. General and Governour in 
Chief of the Province of New Yorke, New Jersey etc. 

Whereas by my order under my hand dated herewith I have ordered Mr. John 
Hubbard to deliver the Possession of the house land premises whereon he now 
dwells and which belongs to the church of Jamaica in Queens County to you after 
a reasonable time for removing his goods and stock from the premisses. You are 
therefore hereby required to deliver the possission of the said premisses after you 
have received it from the said Hubbard to Mr. William Urquhart and if it happen 
that ye said Hubbard shall in contempt of my said order refuse to deliver ye pos- 
session of the premisses to you as aforesaid, then and in such case you are hereby 
required impowered to enter on ye Premisses, and possession so taken to deliver to 
the said Mr. Arquhart and all Justices of the Peace and others her Majesty's offi- 
cers both civil and military are hereby required to be aiding and assisting unto 
you as the execution hereof. Given under my hand att fort Anne in New Yorke this 
fourth day of July 1704. 

To Tho. Cardie, Esq. 

High Sheriffe of Queens County. 

"An order to the 

High Sheriffe of Queens County." 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 128. 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1571 

An Ordek to the Chuech Wardens and Sheriff of Jamaica. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General and Governour In 
Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey etc. 

You and every of you are hereby required forthwith to sell and dispose of for 
ye best price and advantage that Cann be made and gotten the corn collected by 
or Delivered to you or any or either of you for the maintenance and benefltt of the 
Minister of Jamaica and ye moneys thereof made to retain in your hands until! 
you Receive further orders from me for the payment of the same to the uses for 
which the said corn was Delivered to you and hereof you are not to faile att your 
Perill. Given under my hand att fort Anne in New York this 4th day of July 1704. 

To the Church Wardens of the Church 

of Jamaica and to the High Sheriffe 
of Queens County. These. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y, Vol. III. p. 128. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Gualterus Du Bois to Rev. Jolm de Rooy, July; 5, 1Y04. 
(A loose letter in back of Vol. 19.) 

To the Reverend Divine, the Highly Learned Mr. Johannes de 
Rooy, Minister of the Word of God in the Congregation of 
Jesus Christ at Amsterdam. 

Much respected Sir: This morning I received the Call from 
Esopus, with the request to forward the same to some one of my 
good friends, in order that it may be put in the hands of the 
Reverend Classis. I have to preach this afternoon, and the ves- 
sel is already under sail, with which this letter must go. When 
I write a second letter, I will enlarge on some things concerning 
the same, as per the request from the people of Esopus. 

Your Honorable's Obedient Servant, 

Gualterus du Bois. 
New York, 

July 5, 1704. 



1572 Ecclesiastical, Records 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Beys, Candidate. 

1704, July 14th. After calling upon the name of the Lord, 
it was announced by Rev. van Oosterom, that Rev. (Henricus) 
Beys, proponent, (Candidate or licentiate), who was not able to 
be present just now because the Classis was meeting in advance 
of the time, requests that he might be provisionally noted as 
" Commendatus Classis." He promised at the earliest oppor- 
tunity to exhibit the requisite testimonials, and his preaching 
gifts. On these conditions consent was given, ix. 77. 

Call to Long Island. 

1704, July 14th. From the previous acta came up the busi- 
ness of the call to Long Island. The case still remains in statu. 
The Rev. van Houten was requested to preserve the letter which 
he had received on that subject from Rev. van Durige. This he 
also communicated to Classis, and promised to bring it forward 
again at the next meeting of Classis, that fuller action might be 
taken in the matter, ix. 81. xix. 273. 

Petition of the Rector, Etc., of Trinity Church, 'N. Y. 

July 18, 1704. 

To appropriate to the Church, certain Funds raised for the Redemption of Captives 

in Barbary. 

To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General and Governour in 
Chief of the Province of New Yorke and the Territorys depending thereon in 
America and Vice Admirall of the same etc. in Council. 

The humble petition of the Rector Wardens and Vestrymen of Trinity Church 
in New Yorke 

Humbly sheweth 

To your Excellency that on the 2ud day of December 1697 Coll. Fletcher then 
Governour of the Province by advice and consent of the Council for that time 
being did order that Coll. Steph Cortlandt, Mr. Peter Jacobs Mariuss Dr. John 
Kerbyle and Mr. Johannes Kip (trustees of money raised of voluntary contribution 
by lycense of the Government towards the redemption of particular slaves in 
Salley and failing that use towards such other pious use as the Governour and 
Council of the Province for the time being should direct) should deliver over the 
papers and all things relating the said money with full power to have use and 
receive the same to Mr. Thomas Wenham and Mr. Robert Lurting then Church 
Wardens of said Church towards the finishing the building of said Church under 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1573 

a certain provision that if it were possible to purchase the redemption of one 
Bartholomew Rosston (the surviving slave of that number) that the corporation of 
said church be accountable for said sum or so much thereof as to answer his re- 
demption as by a copy of said order and annexed papers more at large appears. 
That for want of an account from Holland and other reasons for some considerable 
time the said trustees did alleage themselves to be incapable of making this as- 
signment and are all since dead. 

That by a letter of the 20th March 170O from William Banker and Hero May of 
Amsterdam merchants there is advice the prisoners by Agreement with the Crown 
of England were set at liberty and said merchants ask direction in what manner 
to remit said money to said trustees. 

That there was originally remitted by said trustees 1000 pss 8/S and some bills 
of exchange conditionall and there being no account of the charges happening in 
this negotiation whereby to know the nett sum in their hands, 

Your Excellency's petitioner therefore humbly pray your Excellency will be 
graciously pleased to direct the respective Executors and Administrators of the 
said trustees to give such legall and perfect assignment to the Church Wardens 
for the time being of said Church or their successors or their order of all the said 
money with full power to call the said William Bancker and Hero May & their 
Executors & Administrators to account for the same and upon payment to give a 
suflScient discharge for the same in order that the said money be applyed to the 
finishing the building of said Church for which it is sett apart and your Excel- 
lency's petitioners as in duty bound shall pray etc. 

Richard Willett Will Vesey 

Thos. Wenham Wm. Peartree 

Will Morris David Jamison ' 

Jno. Borrowe > Sa. Sh. Broughton \ , 

Dan Honan Jeremiah Tothill 

Will Sharpas ■ Lancaster Symes 

Robt. Lurting. 

Read in Council July 18, 1704 & referred to a Committee to examine the allega- 
tions therein contained & make report thereon to the Board. The Petitioners or 
some one for them were ordered to attend the meeting of the Committee. — Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 251, 252. 

Synod of North Holland. 

1704, July 2»-Aug. 7. 

Article 14. 

Extract from a letter from the Consistory of Breukelen on the 
Island Nassau,* in New Netherland, dated December 10, 1703; 
received July 2, 1704. 

1. Contains an expression of gratitude to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam for their kind oversight for the best interests of that 

2. Information was given of the death of Rev. Lupardus, who 
had died two years before. 


* Long Island was named Nassau in 1693 in compliment to William III. 


1574 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. Request is made under authority from Lord Viscount Oom- 
bury, that the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam will call a capable 
person, and send him thither upon reasonable terms. 

4. The letter concludes with a wish for a blessing. 

Aljbant City Records. Sabbath Observance. 

August 1, 1704:. 
Resolved, that the Constables doe take their turns upon the sabbath day to in- 
spect all the Tavern Keepers within the Citty, that all Indians and Negroes found 
in any Tavern as aforesaid, that such Tavern-Keeper so found to draw any Strong 
Liquer whatsoever to any Negro or Negroes, Indian or Indians, whatsoever, upon 
the Sabbath day as aforesaid, shall pay as a fine for each such Default the summe 
of six shillings, for any such Indian or Indians so found, and for the Negroes ac- 
cording as the acts of Assembly directs. — Munsell's Annals of Albany, Vol. iv. 
p. 194. 

OoRNBURT Authorizes Stephen Gracherie to Read Service 
AT Kingston, IST. Y., August 10, 1704. Port-Folio, ITew 
ToRK, Vol. i. Amsterdam. 

Edward, Viscount Cornbury, Captain-General and Governor-in- 
chief of the Province of 'New York, New Jersey and of all the 
territories and tracts of land depending thereon in America, 
and Vice- Admiral of the same, etc., etc. 

To Stephen Gracherie,* Greeting: 
You are hereby impowered and licensed to read the service 
of the Low-Dutch Church at Kingstowne in the county of Ulster 
from time to time until you receive further orders from me; and 
you are likewise hereby impowered and licensed to keep a reading 
and writing school at Kingstowne aforesaid, until you receive 
orders from me to the contrary. 

Given under my hand at Kingstowne this 10th day of August, 
in the third year of the reign of our Sovereign Lady, Anne, by 
the grace of God, of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
Queen, Defender of the Faith, etc. Cornbury. 

A true copy. 
A. D. 1704. D. Meyer, Clerk. 

[This was also translated into Dutch.] 

* The name Grasherie is still found in Kingston. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1575 

Trinity Church, New York City. 

Report; To give the Redemption Money asked for. 

To liis Excellency Edward Vis^count Covnbury Captain General and Governour in 
Chief in and over the Province of New York New Jersey and Territories De- 
pending thereon in America and Vice Admirall of the same etc. 

May it please your lilxcellency. 

In Obedience to your Lordship's order in Councill of the 18th day of July last 
past We have perused and Examined the Petition of the Rector Wardens and 
Vestrymen of Trinity Church in New York thereby to us referred together with 
the severall papers thereto annexed, and doe find that the severall papers annexed 
to the said petition Doe make out the allegations therein Contained to be true, and 
are therefore humbly of opinion that your Excellency may well graunt the Prayer 
of the said Petition all which is Nevertheless most humbly submitted to your Ex- 
cellency by 

My Lord 

Your Excellency's most faithfull 
and Obedient Servants, 

Sa. Sh. Broughton 
Rip Van Dam 
Tho. Wenham. 
New York 14th 

August 1704. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 255. 

i/ Anglican Church on Long Island. 

An Order to the Justices and Vestrymen to Levy a Tax for the 
Minister of Jamaica. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Capt. Generall 
and Governour in Chief of ye Provinces of ISTew York, N'ew 
Jersey etc. 

You are hereby required forthwith to lay a tax on the Inhab- 
itants of Queens County for raising the maintenance for the 
Minister of Jamaica in the said County for his present year and 
the said Tax laid to Levy and Collect or cause to be Levyed 
and collected pursuant to the Act of Assembly passed in the 
Sixth Session of Generall Assembly begun the 12th day of Sep- 
tember 1693 Entituled an Act for settling a Ministry and raising 
a maintenance for them in the Citty of New York, County of 
Kichmond, Westchester, and Queens County and hereof you are 


1576 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


not to f aile Given under my hand at ffort Anne in 'New York this 

twenty fourth day of August 1704. 

To the Justices of the Peace of Queens 

County and the Vestrymen of the 

Church of Jamaica in the said County. 

— Doc. Hist. K Y. Vol. iii. p. 129. 

v/ An Order to the Justices and Church Wardens of Jamaica. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General and Governour in 
Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey, etc. 

You are hereby Required to pay ye money made of ye Corn Collected for the 
maintenance of a Minister for the Town of Jamaica in Queens County and which 
Remains in your hands to the Reverend Mr. William Urquhart and for soe doing 
this shall be your sufficient Warrant. Given under my hand att ffort Anne in 
New Yorke this twenty eighth day of August 1704. 


To the Justices of the Peace for Queens County & to the Vestrymen and Church 
Wardens of the Church of Jamaica in the said county. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 129. 

Secretary Clarke to the Gentlemen at Esopus. (1704.) 

New York August ye 30th 1701. (1704?) 

Mr. Haburne, fHepburn] who is a Minister of ye Establisht Church of England, 
and sent by his Excellency to administer ye Gospell to you, in this vicinity, ought 
I think att Least, to be provided for as well as a dessenting Minister to that 
Church; who is only tolerated to exercise ye unestablisht religion he professes, 
but it seems you have not been of that Opinion, or if you have, you have not 
paid that Obedience to his Excellency's Commands, and that regard to this gentle- 
man's Character, as was due, and this appears plainly by ye mean accommodacons 
you provided before, I am therefore by his Excellency's Command to lett you 
know that you are immediately without delays in misconstruing any part of this 
to provide a good and Convenient house in your town of Kingstown with neces- 
sarys thereto belonging (suitable to the Character of Mr. Heburn) for him, and if 
there be no other house to be Gotten you are immediately to put him in possession 
of ye house Late of Boudy Windewitt which was some time since Escheated for 
her Matie and make a speedy returne of what you shall have done herein. 
I am Gentlemen Your very humble servant, 

Geo. Clarke. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 584. 

[The above is dated, Aug. 30, 1701, in Doc. History, but this must be an error 
for 1704. See Corwin's Manual, 4th edition, 1902, page 26, and note 15, p. 100.] 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1577 

Acts of tpie Classis of Amsterdam. 
Beys's Certificates. 

1704, Sept. 1st. The certificates of Rev, Beys, wliicli were 
mentioned in previous acta, were handed in and approved, ix. 83. 

Anthonides Called to Brooklyn, etc., and Beys to Esopus. 

1704, Oct. 6th. The Rev. Assembly, received applications 
from the combined churches of Breucklen and Midwout, as well 
as from that of Esopus. Each of these requested that a minister 
should be sent to them. Thereupon the Classis has called to 
Breuckelen and ]\Iidwout, Rev. Vincentius Anthonides, minister 
at Bergen, (Bergum,) under the Classis of Leeuwarden. He has 
accepted this call in the fear of the Lord. To Esopus was called 
the Rev. (Henricus) Beys, who has likewise accepted the call. 
The more definite arrangements belonging to each case will be 
made later, ix. 85. xix. 274. 

Letter from Albany. 
1704, Oct. 6th. Rev. President read a letter from the Con- 
sistory of Albany, in which they request that as speedily as pos- 
sible, there may be granted to them a minister in the stead of 
Rev. I^Tucella, called to the chapel of her Brittanic Majesty at 
London, ix. 84. xix. 274. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gualterus Du Bois, October 
6, 1704. xxviii. 48. 

Reverend Sir and Dearly Beloved Brother in Christ Jesus: 
We have learned with much joy of your health, and are well 
pleased that you are so esteemed and beloved in those regions, 
as well as that your ministrations in the churches are so abun- 



15T8 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

dantly fruitful. ISJ'or are we less gratified and delighted, that 
through jour good offices, the correspondence of the Rev. Con- 
sistories in the Province of !N"ew York has been so amicably and 
judiciously maintained with the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. We 
assure you we are under very great obligations to you, and that 
your mode of procedure is the right one to prevent alienations, 
to promote peace, and to render real service to the churches o£ 
the Great Shepherd. We request you not to flag in this line 
of conduct; while we will not neglect to do everything which 
tends to the continuance of this praiseworthy correspondence. 

Rev. Henricus de Beys, S. S. M. C has been called by the 
Classis to go to Kingston. He is a man of excellent principles 
and of great promise. Rev. Vincentius Antonides has been 
called to Breuckelen and Midwout. He is, at present, pastor at 
Bergen in Vriesland. He is a man well tested in doctrine and 
morals and prudence. May God bless their labors in their re- 
spective churches. 

Among us there have died the Revs. Saplanke, Reland and 
Ojers. In their places have been called Revs. Hoseas HoUebeck, 
Johannes Van Strooren and Johannes van der Hagen — pastors, 
respectively at Haerlem, Alkmaer and Leyden. The Rev. Pro- 
fessor Roel of Franquer (Franeker) has been called to Utrecht, 
and makes great progress, but not a little excitement, among men 
of other views. The churches of the Fatherland are in the en- 
joyment of blessings. The Fatherland itself is being crowned 
with great victories in war. May God continue to humble the 
pride of France, and hasten the time, through his favor, of a 
lasting peace. It is the desire of our souls that God may prosper 
you in all your undertakings, and in his o^vn good time, bring y^ou 
to his presence with glory and joy. 

Thus done in our Classical Assembly, October 6, 1704. 

Hugo van der Heist. 

OF THE State of New York. 1579 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the churches of Brooklyn, Flat- 
bush and Matlands, October 6, 1704. xxviii. 50. 

^ To the Kev. Consistory at Breukelen, Midwout and Amersfoort. 

Eeverend, Godly, Highly Learned Sirs and Brethren in Christ 
Jesus, constituting the Rev. Consistory of Breukelen, Midwout 
and Amersfoort: — 

We received your pleasant letter of Dec. 10th, 1703 (0. S.) 
on January 2nd, 1704, and have learned therefrom the dealings 
of Divine Providence among you. Through the ministrations 
of the Gospel, purified (from error), God has been pleased to 
establish and prosper in those far distant regions of America, 
under the dominion of her Royal Majesty of England, and 
especially on the island of Nassau, many churches. These agree 
in Confession of Faith with those of the Netherlands, and exist 
for the diffusion of his truth, the glory of his name, and the sal- 
vation of his elect. For all this we have reason to give glory to 
God, while we cherish the hope that through such means the 
fulness of the Gentiles shall be brought in. 

We are honored by your communication, and obliged for your 
acknowledgments, that our interest in sending you ministers, who 
are in no wise men to be ashamed of, has been acceptable to you. 
We bind ourselves to seek, by all possible means, your prosperity, 
whenever circumstances put it in our power. 

The painful death of Rev. Wilhelmus Lupardus, blessed in 
his life, but not blessed to your church in his death, has grieved 
our soul. May the Lord prevent similar losses, and heal this 

As regards the feeling of Rev. Bernardus Freerman, pastor 
at Schenectady: He has been called by you on certain conditions, 



1580 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

but which he has declined, because in case of difficulty, he would 
rather not conduct himself according to the decisions of the 
Classis of Amsterdam. His conduct appears very strange to us. 
It grieves us that he should be governed by such a spirit. We 
desire indeed, to avert all estrangement and to promote peace, 
and wish that he could be brought to a different mind. 

Finally, as regards your request and authorization (to send 
y;ou a minister.) Your authorization was submitted to us, with 
the consent of the Hon., the Lord-Governor, that we should again 
call a person to the service of your church, one furnished with 
all the requisite qualifications to make himself, by his doctrine 
and life, by his fidelity and virtue, according to the circum- 
stances of your church, acceptable to the minds of all. We have, 
therefore, according to your order, counseled in love with the 
Reverend, godly and highly learned Rev. Casparus van Zuren, 
pastor at Gouderak, who was much interested in the proposition^ 
but he did not suggest to us any particular person. We have> 
however, with the approval of .his Reverence, and according to 
your request, called, in the fear of the Lord, the Reverend, 
godly and highly learned Vincentius Antonides, at present at 
Bergom, in Vriesland, a man who, under the blessing of God, as 
an irreproachable minister, already tried in the service of the 
Lord, will satisfy your expectations in all respects. He has 
accepted the call on the conditions proposed by you, and will 
imdertake the journey at the first opportunity. We trust that 
his passage may be pleasant, and that his coming among you may 
be in the fulness of the blessings of the Gospel, to the winning 
of many souls, and the upbuilding of the kingdom of Christ. 
We received the money for Classical expenses through a bill of 

The state of the Church in our Fatherland, through God's 
favor, continues in the enjoyment of blessings. The very de- 
structive war, however, in which God has undeservedly crowned 
our efforts with very great victories, to the discomfiture of our 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1581 

enemies and the capture of tlieir fortresses and strong cities, 
also continues. Of the Church in France, hardly a memory of 
it remains. Concerning the Church in Hungary, oppressed and 
even more severely threatened, the fear of greater perils daily 
increases. May God preserve his Zion and bless his inheritance 
in other parts of the world. May his providence, both general 
and particular, make your officers, peace, and your exactors, 
righteousness. May he make your walls. Salvation and your 
gates, Praise, unto the glory of his most Holy jSTame, your own 
salvation and that of many souls. 

Thus done in our Classical Assembly, October 6, 1704. 

Hugo Van der Heist. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory at "Kingston, October 6, 
1704. YoL xxviii. 53. 

Eeverend, Godly, Highly Learned Sirs, and Brethren in Christ 
Jesus, the Rev. Consistory at Kingston : — 

We have received your pleasant letter of January 26, 1704, 
and have understood therefrom the prosperity and increase of the 
Church of Jesus Christ which is being gathered there, through 
the ministration of the Spirit and the preaching of the Gospel; 
also of the departure of the Reverend, godly, and highly learned 
Rev. Peter JSTucella from your church to the Chapel of her Brit- 
tanic Majesty in London. At the same time you make request, 
after proper consultation with the high and noble, the Lord 
Governor,* to the Classis of Amsterdam, to call a man gifted in 
doctrine and morals, on the favorable conditions mentioned in 
your missive. 

We find ourselves honored in your correspondence, and lament 

* Cornbury. 



1582 Ecclesiastical Records 

jj^our misfortune. We have, according to your request, and upon 
the conditions named, called, in the fear of the Lord, Rev. 
Henricus de Beys, a candidate at Dordrecht. He is a young man 
of very good abilities, and godly in walk. Through the preach- 
ing of the pacifying doctrine of truth, and the exhibition of 
unfeigned godliness, he will be able, with the blessing of God 
to commend himself to the souls of those entrusted to his care. 

His Reverence has, in the fear of the Lord, accepted your 
call, and will be examined here on January 6, 1705. He will 
thereupon immediately, or at the first opportunity, undertake 
the journey to you. May that God who maketh the winds his 
chariot, conduct him safely, and make his service among you 
fruitful in the Lord. Then this our call, made with a holy ob- 
ject, will redound to your satisfaction, to the glory of God's 
name, the extension of the kingdom of his Son, and the ingath- 
ering of many souls. 

The kindness manifested towards your church by the godly 
and highly learned. Rev. John Lydius, and other neighboring 
brethren will not be left unrecompensed, but be crowned with a 
double reward. 

The church of our Fatherland is in blessing. The Fatherland 
is being crowned with victory in this long continuing war. May 
God hasten a lasting peace, through his spirit and grace. May 
he make you faithful according to his Word, and enable you to 
walk worthy of the Gospel, and in his own good time, give you 
the inheritance of your father Jacob, even abundant entrance 
into the kingdom of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ. 

Done in our Classical Assembly, 

H. V. D. H. 
October 6, 1704. 

OF THE State of Kew York. 1583 

Rev. Mk. Shaep^s Commission as Chaplain. 


Edward Viscount Cornbury etc. 

To the Reverend John Sharp, greeting: 

Reposeing Speciall Trust and Confidence in your fidelity integrity Learning and 
Piety have nominated Constituted & appointed and I doe by these presents nom- 
inate Constitute & appoint you ye said Jno. Sharp to be Chaplain to her Majesties 
forces in ye said Province of New York in ye room & place of Bmond Mott deceased 
[1704] to have hold use exercise & enjoy the said office or place of Chaplain of her 
Majesties fforces in ye said Province of New York unto you ye said John Sharp 
for and during such time and untill her Majesties pleasure shall be known herein. 

Given under my hand & seal etc. — Doe. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 230. 

[See under Oct. 3, 1706.] 

Rev. John Sharp served as Chaplain from Oct. 20, 1704-1717. He probably at 
first assisted Rev. Mr. Vesey to some extent. See Dix's Hist. Trinity Church, 
i. 162-4, 185, 485. 


Rev. Mr. Freerman to the Commissioners for Indian Af- 
fairs AT Albany. 

Schenectady, 2. November 1704. 
Gentlemen: — 

Just now I have received a letter from Onnondage by the hands of my Indian, 
which letter I presently delivered to Mr. Adam Vrooman, who desired me to trans- 
late the same, together with Lawrence the Interpreter, the substance of which is 
as followeth: — 

An Onondaga Indian is arrived from Canada and gives an account about the 
Belts sent by Coll: Schuyler, Viz. that the two Castles Kagnawage* and Kanos- 
sadagef were willing to accept of the offers sent by the said belts, but that some 
of them dare not in a case of that moment agree to it, but would rather refer it to 
their Governor; whereupon the same being sent to their Governor and reced: by 
him, the Governor thanked them that they had submitted the matter to him and 
acknowledged him to be their head or master. 

The Governor answered that Corlaer's lake, or the Lake Rodsio was locked up 
for them in this matter, as also in regard of merchandize, and that it was ill people 
that passed that way, but that it was only a path for souldiers and no other; but 
that the path of peace run through the lake of Cadaracqui to Onnondage. 

And further that four Kagnawages Indians are gone out to fight against the 
English, and another number of twenty which this Indian saw* go out of Chambly, 
and sayd that they would go and fight a place called in the Indian language Aorage. 

And also that the French this last fall were intended to make an attack some- 
where, but it was stopped by the Sachems. As also that an army was preparing 
with great vigor to make an attack this winter over the ice; but on what place was 
kept secret. And lastly this Indian had seen seaven French spyes at the hout 
Kills by the Little Falls. 


My Indian had forgot to enter down the date of the month; wherefore I send the 
letter. I think that it has been about the 30th of the last month of October when 
the said Indian came away. 

Your friend, 
Adam Vrooman Barnardus Freerman. 

Lawrence Vander Volgen 

— Col. Docs. N. T. Ir. 1163-4. 


♦Called "Grande Terre ", in Paris, Doc, vi. 160, and Tohonsiohanne or Great 
World, Ante, p. 998.— Ed. ^ji«:»«. 

t The Indians of the Lake of the Two Mountains on the Ottawa river, were called 


1584 Ecclesiastical Recoeds ^ 

Oedek to Induct Rev. Peitchaed to the Chtjech of Rye. 

Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain Generall and Governour in Cliief of tlie Prov- 
inces of New Yorke, New Jersey, etc., and Vice Admirall of tlie same. 
To all and singular Rectors Vicars Chaplains Curates Clerks and Ministers wliere- 
soever constituted in ye said Province of New York and also to Caleb Heathcott 
Esq. and Joseph Theate Church Wardens of the Parish. Church of Rye* in the 
County of Westchester, I do hereby firmly enjoyn and command that you induct 
and present the Reverend Tho. Prichard as Rector to ye Rectory or Parish Church 
of Rye aforesaid, and that you put him in the reall actuall and corporall possession 
of the said Rectory or parish Church of Rye aforesaid, and of all the Glebes Rights 
and Appurtenances thereunto belonging, and you are to make a returne to me of 
what you shall have done herein. Given under my hand and prerogative seal of ye 

said Province of New York this day of 1T04. — Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 563. 

Dutch Chukch of Xew York. 

Jan. 10, 1Y05. 

Inasmucli as the Dutch Reformed Church of the City of iTew 
York, by; their Charter obtained from Gov. Fletcher, have the 
right to appoint a Dutch Schoolmaster, and at present have not 
any such who has been appointed by them : and inasmuch as they 
are now requested by Messrs. Goelet and Kerfbyl in reference to 
this matter: 

The Consistory, accordingly, held a meeting on this matter on 
Jan. 10, 1Y05, but on account of the circumstances of the times, 
and because both the above named persons, before making this 
request of us, had by personal petition solicited permission to 
hold a Dutch school from my lord Cornbury, and had been re- 
fused — the Consistory deemed the matter to be one of very great 
weight and importance, and therefore. Resolved, To determine 
nothing in the matter until the former Elders and Deacons should 
be called together and consulted. Such meeting is called for the 
coming Tuesday, Jan. 16, 1705. 

Jan. 10, 1705. The Ruling Elders and Deacons met, and after 
prayer, unanimously Resolved, That whenever they called to- 
gether all their predecessors in office, to act and consult with them 
in matters of importance, these, whenever they are so called to- 

• The License to Erect an English Church in this Town bears date 22nd January, 
1705/6, and is in Deed Book X. 101. Secretary's office. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1585 . 

gether and appear, shall, for the time they are present, have, each 
of them, a deciding vote, as much as mij of the Ruling Elders and 
Deacons. ^ , 

(This action about this schoolmaster does not appear. Prob- 
ably they thought best to wait until they got rid of Gov. 
Cornbury. ) 

— Lib. B. 45. p. 47 

in Dutch Records. 

Dutch Church of ]^ew York. Church Masters. 

March 19, 1705. 

It was ordered that record should be made of a Resolution 
of the Consistory and the Church Masters, that the Church 
Masters should meet on the first Friday of each month, from 
Two to four P. M. in the Consistory Chamber, for the purpose 
of attending to such matters as may come before them; and 
especially to dispose of vacant sittings in the Church, according 
to the usual custom. (See March 11, 1713.) 

— Lib. A. 221. 

To Tine the Church Wardens, Etc., for Refusing to Levy 
SAID Tax, to Support an Anglican Church at Jamaica, 
L. L 

In Council, 31 March 1705. 
The Church Wardens & Vestry of Jamaica being summoned to appear, before 
this Board this day and Robert Coe one of the Church Wardens & John Tallman 
Henry Wright Samuel Carpenter Samuel Hlgby Anthony Watson John Everett 
John Coe Jonathan Hazard & Daniel Lawrence nine of the Vestry appearing ac- 
cordingly they were called in and examined concerning their neglecting or refusing 
to raise a tax for the maintenance of the Minister of that place directed to be 
raised for that purpose by the Act of General Assembly of this Province and hav- 
ing offered nothing to this Board in their Justification it is ordered that the Penal- 
tyes expressed and contained In said Act be Levyed pursuant to the directions 
thereof on every of them ye said Church Wardens & Vestry so neglecting or refus- 
ing to do their duty as aforesaid. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 130. 


1586 EccLEsiASTiCAi. Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Examination and ordination of Henricus Beys for Kingston. 

On May 4, 1705, Domine Eeynerius van Staveren, Deputatus 
Synodi, was welcomed in the Meeting, and the examination of 
Domine Henricus Beys, who had been called to Kingston, in 
IsTew IN'etherland, was begun. His Reverence gave to the Meet- 
ing special pleasure. He was accordingly blessed (ingesegent*) 
and ordained unto the service of the church at Kingston. The 
rest remains recommended to D. D. Dep. ad res maritimas. 
xix. 276. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Church of Kingston, May 6, 

1705. xxviii. 58. 

Rev., Godly, and Learned Brethren in Jesus Christ, constituting 
the Consistory of Kingston, in ISTew ISTetherland : — 
We did ourselves the honor to announce to you on the 6th of 
October 1704, that at the request of your Revs., we had chosen 
Rev. Henricus Beys, candidate in sacred theology, and the bearer 
of this, to the service of your church. We doubt not but that 
you have received our advices. At that time we mentioned the 
praiseworthy qualities of Rev. Beys, to which we now refer you. 
We had hoped to send his Rev. to the aforesaid service sooner, 
but inasmuch as he has been, meantime, visited with bodily ail- 
ments, it was impossible. But he has been restored through 
God's goodness, and was examined on the 4th inst. by the Rev. 
Classis, with so much satisfaction to the Rev. Assembly, as 
appears from the Classical testimony given him, that he was 
declared worthy of that service. The Rev. Classis unitedly re- 
joiced, that so able a person allowed himself to be persuaded 
to service in the foreign church. To that service he has been 

* This seems to mean " commended unto God in prayer ". 

OF THE State of New York. 1587 

confirmed and consecrated by the Rev. Classis, with the impo- 
sition of hands, according to the custom of the Church. 

Receive him therefore in the Lord, and esteem him very highly 
in love for his work's sake. Then will God bless and confirm his 
ministry both among yourselves, and throughout the whole church 
committed to your oversight and care. He will cause you to 
increase in numbers, and many will be enlightened in the faith 
and truth, by the sanctification of the Spirit. May God grant 
you all in his own time, an abundant entrance into his blessed 
and incorruptible kingdom. This is our earnest wish. 

Hugo Van der Heist. 
Amsterdam, Ad. Benkelaer. 

May 6, 1705. 

Opposition to Chuech of England in Westchester Co., N. Y. 

May 8, 1705. 

Benjamin Wright of Bedford in the County of Westchester Yoenian aged twenty 
two years or thereabouts being sworne before Tho. Wenham Esq., one of the Gent 
of her Majesty's Councill for ye Province of New York & one of ye Judges of the 
Supreame Court of Judicature for the said Province, saith: that since Mr. Pritchard 
has been appointed Minister of ye Towns of Rye and Bedford in the County of 
Westchester, this depont. has endeavoured to prevaile with the Inhabitants of Bed- 
ford to eucoui-age the said Mr. Pritchard to preach and perform the dutys of Divine 
worship as used in the Church of England, among them: whereupon the Inhabitants 
of ye said town of Bedford, became so incensed that by their ill treatment and 
threats they have forced this Depont. to remove with his family from thence, and 
deterrd the members of ye said Church from speaking anything in its favor. 

And this Deponent further saith that one Zachariah Roberts of Bedford a Jus- 
tice of the Peace in ye said County of Westchester went to the inhabitants of ye 
said Towne to prevaile with them to sign an instrument or writing whereby to 
oblige them not to pay ye said minister anything: and likewise that the said Zach- 
ariah Rol)erts at a Town meeting called by him for that purpose gott such an act 
of the Town past accordingly: which act this Deponent saw being presented to the 
view of the persons there present by ye said Zachariah Roberts, which Town act 
the said Zachariah Roberts afterwards burnt, and this deponent believes he Cutt 
it out of the Records or Books of ye said Town. 

And the Deponent further saith that the said Zachariah Roberts hath refused 
(though a Justice of the Peace) to take any affidavits in behalf of the Church of 
England, the Queen, and this Government; and when persons have offered to make 
such affidavits he has said he would take none against his neighbours and himself 
and that they might tell my Lord so: and the said Zachariah Roberts hath, as this 
Deponent has been informed, countenanced severall soldiers who have deserted her 
Majesty's service in this Government, and assisted them in their escape by enter- 
taining them in his house, and afterwards sending his son with them to conduct 
them to Danbury: 

And this Deponent further saith that about a month since there was a person 
who pretended himselfe to be a Quaker brought before the said Justice Roberts 
by this Deponent for speaking severall blasphemous Treasonable Words and that 
severall sufficient and credilile persons have told the said Justice Roberts that they 
heard the said Quaker say that he had as much authority and power as ye Queen, 
and that he could forgive Sinns as well as God, with many more such like expres- 
sions, which the said Justice Roberts writt down upon a piece of paper, but refused 
to swear the said persons, so tendering their oaths thereto: and that said Justice 
Roberts, notwithstanding the Tender of such oath, & that the said Quaker owned 
before him to have spoken the aforementioned words, and that he hath repeated 
them to ye said Justice Roberts, conveyed the said pretended Quaker away with- 
out the least punishment and without ye knowledge of this Deponent who informed 
against him: 


1588 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

And this Deponent further salth that at a Town Court att Bedford aforesaid held 
about two months ago the said Justice Roberts accused one Ensign Stephen Glossen 
for unlawfully taking & detaining a grid-Iron from his son Zachariah Roberts 
(which appeared to have been honestly bought and paid for by ye said Glossen) 
and having then in Court drawn an Instrument or affidavit against the said Glossen 
took ye Bible in his hand and in a passion would have compelled his said son Zach- 
ariah Roberts to have sworne to it, but he refused to do it; and this Deponent 
further saith that at ye same Town Court there being an action tryed for Debt the 
said Justice Roberts being Judge of ye Court, did notwithstanding the Evidence 
non Suite ye pit. for no other reason as this Deponent believes and as he could 
gather from the words and behaviour of the said Justice Roberts, then that, the 
pit. was a member of ye Church of England, the Rancour and malice of said Jus- 
tice Roberts being so violent that this Deponent has been told by the said Roberts's 
wife that she Dares not so much as mention the name of Mr. Pritchard or any other 
Church of England man for fear of her husband's passion: 

And this Deponent further saith that he hath been told by the said Justice Rob- 
erts's wife that her husband has razed or altered the Records of ye said Town by 
striking out the name of one Thomas Howard in an assignment of a Bill of sale 
and putting his own name on in the room of itt: and this Deponent further saith 
that he hath been informed that there was formerly a parcell of Land bought by 
the said Town of Bedford to be laid apart for a minister for the said town, which 
said parcell of Land was within a year Last past given at a Town meeting to one 
John Jones a Dissenting minister in the said Town for an encouragement to him to 
settle & preach among them. 

John Thomson of Bedford in ye County of Westchester gent, aged forty yeares 
& upwards being sworne before Tho. Wenham etc. saith that there having been no 
Divine service according to ye ceremouys & usage of the Church of England in 
the said Town of Bedford the said Deponent hath often gone to the Dissenting 
meeting in that town where he hath heard one John Jones the minister of ye 
dissenting Congregation preach, and hath heard him frequently in a very bitter 
and inveterate manner reflect upon the present Constitution and Government of the 
Church of England; and particularly this Deponent heard him say that he cared 
not for the said Church of England, and that in his sermon he used to the best 
of this Deponent's memory these words, vizt. : Come out of her, (meaning ye 
Church of England) my people lest ye partake of her plagues: comparing likewise . 
the said Church to ye Church of Rome, and saying at other times likewise in his 
sermon to his Congregation, yee are in a dangerous Government where they do 
not pray nor serve God, and that he would preach Reprobation in Defiance of 
Principality's and Powers, & that yee, speaking to his congregation, may tell them 
so at York for that he did not care for my Lord: and this Deponent further saith 
that being one day with the said Mr. Jones at the house of one Zachariah Roberts 
at Bedford aforesaid this Deponent heard the said John Jones say he would burne 
the Church of England Books etc. 

The two preceding depositions were read in Council May 8. 1705; Messrs. Roberts 
and Jones failing to give satisfactory explanations thereof, were bound over to 
answer in the Supreame Court. 
Council Minute. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 564-.56.5. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Rev. Henricus Beys. Rev. Vincentiiis Antonides. 

Letter to Rev. Henricus Beys. 

1705, May 18th. Rev. Henricus Beys, — See Classical Actaj 
October 6, 1704, and May 4, 1705, — received his instructions 
from us, and was provided with the necessary documents, for the 
executing of his office at Kingston. 

Rev. Vincentius Antonides-See Classical Acta of October 
6, 1704, — was also instructed by us, and provided with what was 
required for carrying on his work at Breukelen, Midwout, and 

OF THE State of ^ew York:. 1589 

It was resolved to send along with Henriens Beys a private 
letter, to recommend him to the Consistory of "Kingston, and to 
state the reason why his journey was postponed for a while, as 
appears from the book of copied letters, xxi. 470. 

Council Jouenal. Gov. Coenbuey Suggests an Amendment 
TO the Ministey Act. 

1703, June 9. 
The difficulty which some very worthy ministers of the Church of England 
have met with, in getting the maintenance settled upon them by an Act of Gen- 
«ral Assembly of this province, passed in the year 1693, moves me to propose 
to you the passing of an Act explanatory of the aforementioned Act; that those 
worthy good men who have ventured to come so far for the service of God in his 
church, and the good and the edification of t^e people, to the salvation Of their 
souls, may not for the future be vexed, as some of them have been, but may enjoy 
in quiet, the maintenance which was by law provided for them. I further recom- 
mend to you the passing an Act to provide for the maintenance of some ministers 
in some of the towns at the east end of Long Island, where I do not find any pro- 
vision has been yet made for the propagating (of) religion, p. 225. 

y- Anglican Chuech on Long Island. 

Rev. Messrs. Urquhart & John Thomas 

To the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

Long Island, July 4th, 1705. 
Honorable Gentlemen: 

Having this safe opportunity by the Rev. Mr. Evans we are humbly bold to 
transmit a representation of our circumstances here according to our orders from 
your venerable Society — Being Neighbours and the only two upon the Island that 
are Church ministers We humbly present a joynt information of the affairs of our 
respective parishes. The Inhabitants of this County are generally Independents, 
and what are not so are either Quakers or of no professed Religion at all, the 
generality averse to the discipline of our holy mother, the Church of England & 
enraged to see her Ministry established among them. The ancient settlers have 
transplanted themselves from New England, & do still keep a close correspondence, 
& are buoyed up by Sehismatical Instructions from that Interest which occasion 
all the disturbance & opposition we meet with in both our parishes. They have 
hitherto been used to a Dissenting Ministry, & they still support one at Jamaica 
who has a most pestilential influence over our people; who from their cradles were 
disaffected to conformity, yet we bless God we have not been altogether unsuccess- 
full, having brought over some of the most rigid of them into close communion, 
& hope through Gods assistance in sometime to have a more plentiful harvest 
among them; their prejudice of education is our misfortune, Our Church their 
Bugbear, and to remove that averseness they imbibe at their first principles, must 
be next to a miricle. 

His Excellency my Lord Cornbury is a true nursing father to our infancy here, 
his countenance is protection never wanting to us, & next to heaven we may 
attribute the success of our endeavours to the favorable influence of his Govern- 
ment, where inclination as a true son of the Church moves him zealously to sup- 
port that Interest. This is the true state of affairs within our Parishes. We 
liave sixty pounds this Country money settled very precariously which by my 
Lord Cornbury's influence we hope will be more firmly established by this Assem- 


1590 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

bly. It is very expensive living liere & what we liave from tlie Country could never 
afford us half a sustenance, in the condition we are in now, much less if we had 
families, without the support of the venerable Society which is the chief thing 
we depend upon. May God Almighty succeed your endeavors for his glory «& the 
good of the Church «& may he prosper the good cause ye stand for, and which 
we dedicate our whole lives & endeavours to is the, sincere prayer of yours etc. 

Will. Urquhart, Minr. Jamaica. 
John Thomas, Minr. Hamstead. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 130. 

Council Journal. Cornbury, Governor. 

Amendments to Ministry Act. 

1705, July 5. Gov. Cornbury informed the Council that he 
had received a Bill, from the House of Representatives, entitled, 
"An Act for the better explaining and more effectual putting in 
execution, an Act of General Assembly, entitled, "An Act for 
Settling a Ministry and raising a maintenance for them in the 
cities of jSTew York, counties of Richmond, Westchester and 
Queens county ". Read first time and ordered to a second read- 
ing: 226. Committed, July, 6th; 226. Passed Avith amendments, 
July 10th; 237. Sent to the Assembly, with the amendments; 
227. Amendments refused by the Assembly; 231. Enacted 
without amendments, July 26th; 231. 

A Patent to be Prepared^ to Give Trinity Church the 
Queens Farm, Etc. 

1705, July 5. Ordered that a warrant issue to the Attorney 
General to prepare letters-patents to the Rector and inhabitants 
of the City of ISTew York in communion of the Church of England 
as by Law estabHshed, for the parcel of land commonly known 
and called by the name of the " Queen's Farm " ; and also for the 
lot of ground lying and being in the City of ]S[ew York, near to 
Trinity Church, commonly called and known by the name of the 
"Queen's Garden"* 235-240. [See said Patent, Nov. 20, 

1709, Sept. 26. Confirmatory Act. 239 

* This was the famous Anneke Jans Property. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1591 


Lord Cornbuky to Me. Secretary Hedges. 

General Review, 1664-1705. 
Extracts bearing on Ecclesiastical Affairs. 

New York, July 15, 1705. 

When I arrived in this province, which was the third day of May 1702, I found Disorders 

& fears 
things in great disorder; several of the Merchants fled into New Jersey and other 1702. ' 

places, for fear of being prosecuted for signing Addresses to the late King, and to 
the Parliament, in which they complained of some oppressions they labored under 
here; and for signing of which Collonell Bayard, and Hutchins, lay in prison under 
sentence of death, occasioned by a misconstruction which Mr. Atwood then Chief 
Justice of this Province, thought fit to put upon a Clause in an Act of Assembly 
{which has since been repealed here, by her Majesty's command;) others being 
afraid of the same usage, thought it better to leave their families, and retire; pres- 
ently after my arrivall, they all returned and fell to their trade as formerly; 

The trade of this province consists chiefly in flower and biskett, which is sent Exports < 
to the islands in the West Indies: in return they bring Rum, Sugar, Molasses, and i^Portg. 
sometimes pieces of Eight and Cocao and Logwood; to Europe our people send 
Skins of all sorts. Whale Oyle and Bone, which are the only commoditys this 
country sends to Europe, of its own produce as yet; but if they were incouraged, 
the people of this province would be able to supply England with all manner of 
Navall stores in abundance of all sorts, Pitch, Tar, Rosine, Turpentine, Flax Hemp 
Masts and Timber of all kinds and sizes and very good in their kinds. 

This will not seem strange when you consider what sort of people this Country Review 
Is inhabited by, and that you may be well informed of that, I take the liberty to of the his- 
acquaint you that this province was flrst discovered by an Englishman whose name 
was Hudson, and the River which runs by Albany to this City is to this day called 
Hudson's River, from that man; who, as I am informed did acquaint the Govern- Dutch, 
ment of England at that time with the discovery he had made, but in England first set- 
they did not regard him, soe he went into Holland where the West India Com- ^'^^^ 
pany gave him incouragement and they first settled this province; afterwards this English 
province was surrendered by the Dutch to the English, and King Charles the Second conquest, 
granted not only this province but a much larger tract of land to His Royal High- 
nesse James Duke of York, as appears by his Royall Letters Pattents under the 
broad Scale of England bearing date the 12th day of March in the 16th year of Eng. Govs. 
his Reign; (1664;) The Duke of York sent over Col. Nicholls to be Gouvernour 
here, who after some time was superceded by Col. Lovelace, during whose time 
some Dutch men of war returning from the West Indies towards Europe, and 
wanting wood and water came into Sandyhook, intending to get wood and water Dutch 
at Staten Island, which lyes about eight miles below this City; One Bencas com- reconquest 
manded the Dutch Squadron, which consisted of seven Dutch men of warr, and 
it is certain they had no farther thoughts than to wood and water, and so return 
to Europe; but this place was ill provided, that the Gouvernour was not in the 
place, and that if they would appear before it they might take it with great ease 
(some of the same men are still living in this City and enjoying good estates). 
Upon this intelligence the Dutch came up, and having fired half a score shot the Restored 
place yielded, this happened (by the best information I can get here) in July 1673 i^nd^^' 
and they kept to the 31st 8ber 1674, that it was again surrendered to the English 
In pursuance of the peace concluded at London between the late King Charles the 
second, and the States of Holland, who, for satisfaction, were to pay the King 
eight hundred thousand Pattacoons. 





Eng. Revo- 




Trinity Ch. 



The First Gouvernoiir His Royall Highnesse the Duke of York was pleased to 
send into these parts after the second surrender, was Sir Edmond Andros, who 
was afterwards superceded by Collonell Dungan now Earl of Limmerick, who con- 
tinued here till the year 1688, that he was again superceded by Sir Edmond 
Andros; — This Gentleman was Gouvernour of New England as well New York, and 
Collonell Nicholson was Lieutenant Governor of this Province. At the time that 
the news of the Revolution in England came to these parts, Sir Edmond Andros 
was then at Boston, where the people rose against him, seized him, imprisoned 
him, and sent him to England. At the same time one Leisler a Captain of the 
Militia of this City with others, surprised Collonell Nicholson in a house here, 
and forced the Keys of the Fort from him and usurped the Gouvernment and 
kept it till the year 1690, that Collonell Slaughter came over to this place with 
a Commission from the late King to be Gouvernour of this Province. He died 
here in the year 1691, and in the year 1692 Collonell Fletcher came hither with 
a Commission from the late King to be Gouvernour of this Province; by whose 
encouragement a Church was built here, the first English Church that ever was 
built in this Province. This Gentleman was succeeded in the Gouvernment by 
the late Earl of Bellomont, who landed here on the second day of April 1698. 
That Noble Lord thought fit to encourage the Dutch people here, much more than 
the English, by which means the Dutch were got into all sorts of imployments, 
and noe English men in place (or very few at least) where Dutch men could be 
found to supply them. On the 5th of March 1700/1 my Lord Bellomont died here 
at New York, Captain Nanfan, who was his Lieutenant Gouvernor, took possession 
of the Gouvernment immediately upon his return from Barbadoes, where he was 
at the time of my Lord Bellomont's death; he returned hither in the month of 
June or July, the news of my Lord Bellomont's Death did not reach England 
till May 1701. In some short time the late King was pleased to grant me a 
Commission under the great Scale of England bearing date the 9th day of 7ber 1701. 

I arrived here on the 3rd day of May 1702, at which time I found this place 
in mighty disorder, as I mentioned to you before. I applied myself immediately to 
repair those disorders by inquiring into the causes of them, which I found pro- 
ceeded chiefly from some violent proceedings against some persons, which I put 
a stop to, not thinking them reasonable nor well grounded. I called an Assembly 
in which several Acts were passed which I transmitted to England; that first 
Sessions was held at Jamaica on Long Island, because of the terrible sicknesse that 
happened here that year, which hindered me from returning to this City till the 
middle of 9ber. 

No Assem- 
bly at first. 


One As- 
sembly of 

blies again 
after 1691. 

Are Assem- 
blies legal. 

I doe know very well that formerly this province was Gouverned without an 
Assembly, money was raised for the necessity's of the Gouvernment by virtue 
of Orders made by the Governor in Couneill; when first His Royall Highnesse the 
Duke of York took possession of this Province he sent Collonell Nicholls to be 
Governor here, and he gave him certain laws by which the Province was to be 
Governed, which to this day are called the Duke's Laws; Indeed Collonell Nicholls 
called a meeting at Hempstead, of the best men that were to be found in that 
part of the Country, to advise with them of what rules or Orders were fit to be 
made for the good of the Country; but that meeting was never called an Assembly. 
After him Collonell Lovelace governed without Assemblys; after him Sir Edmond 
Andros governed without Assemblys. Collonell Dungan who succeeded him 
gouverned a great while without Assemblys; afterwards he called one Assembly, 
but after that again he governed without Assemblys after King James came to the 
Throne; after that Sir Edmond Andros did not hold any Assembly during the time 
of his second Government of this Province. 

Since the Revolution, all the Governors have called Assemblys, and I doe not 
know that any money has been raised, but by Act of Assembly; — I hope you 
will not think by what I have said, that I would have Assemblys laid aside, I have 
no such thoughts, I don't desire any such thing; but what I have mentioned before 
is only to show that the people here have no claim of right to Generall Assemblys. 
There is noe Act of Parliament passed in England that gives them any such right, 
and I am well satisfied they can claim noe such thing by any Act of Assembly past 

OF THE State of Xew Yoek. 1593 


here, soe Thiit it is purely the grace and favour of the Crown that allows them to 
have Assemblys. If that be soe (which I think is past dispute) then the Queen may 
certainly restrain the Powers and Authoritys of those Assemblys, within such Should be 
limits and bounds as she shall think fit, and I believe if Her Majesty is not pleased ''^stricted. 
to signify her pleasure how farr they shall be at liberty to proceed, they will be 
claiming New Rights every day; there are some very good men among us, but 
you will be pleased to consider that the Inhabitants of this Province are of three 
nations, English, Dutch and French; of these three the Dutch are very much the §utch & 
most numerous, and these are not Dutch by nation only but by inclination, at French, 
least generally speaking, which appears here every day. 

The French have during the disorders which have happened here formerly always 
espoused the interest of the English; among the English in this City there are a 
great many good men, but in the Couutrey espetially in Long Island most of the 
English are Dissenters, being for the most part people who have removed from (jiss'entM^ 
New England and Connecticut, who are in no wise fond of monarchy, soe that 
they naturally incline to incroach as often as they can, upon the Prerogative; soe 
it is noe wonder if they are willing to extend the power of their Assemblys as 
far as they can. How far it will be for the interest of the Crown to suffer 
them to doe it, I submit to your better judgment. Thus Sir I have given you 
an account of this Province with relation to its Trade, to its People, and to its 
Government; if it proves to your satisfaction, I shall think myself very happy. 

Now as to the Province of New Jersey I shall first observe that His Royall j^^^ j„j,. 
Highnesse the Duke of York made a grant of all that land now called New Jersey sey. 
to my Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret; they divided it into East and West 
Jersey, and after that sold it to several persons who are now called the Generall 
Proprietors: it is a large and fertile Country it extends from Cape May north- 
wards above two hundred and fifty miles along the Delaware River and east- 
wards it extends in some places fifty four miles, in others upwards of sixty miles; 
the Eastern Division is inhabited by English, Scotch, and Dutch; the English 
are the most numerous, but the Scotch during the time of the Proprietary Gouvern- ^ ' 
ment had the sole rule in that Division; the Western Division Is inhabited by 
English and a few Swedes, who live in the southermost parts of it; the Quakers 
are pretty numerous in this Division and in the time of the Proprietary Govern- 
ment they had all the power in their hands, and used it very arbitrarily. There 
is a Church erected here at Burlington, which I have named St. Ann's Church j^pjg q^^ 
and notwithstanding that Burlington is the Chief habitation of the Quakers I have of St. Anns, 
seen a congregation of above three hundred people at Church there. f^ Burling- 

These two Divisions when under the Proprietary Gouvernment, were two distinct 
Provinces, had distinct Assemblys, and the laws of one division were not laws in 
the other; There have for some years past been great disputes between those per- 
sons here, who call themselves Proprietors, and the people; by reason whereof 
there has been noe Administration of Justice for at least two or three years 
before the Gouvernment was surrendered to the Queen, but now I hope a little Surrender 
timp will quiet all those disputes; the Assembly of that Province have sat three of N. J. to 
severall times, in the last of which they have settled a Revenue for two years, of ^^^ crown, 
two thousand pounds a year; they did pass some other Acts, all which I transmitted 
into England by Her Majesty's Ship Advice. Thus I have given you a short 
account of the Province of New Jersey, I have nothing further to trouble with, 
but to Intreat you to believe that I shall always punctually observe all such 
directions as you shall favor me with, and that I am with very great respect 


Your most Faithful humble servant 


I have not had one line from England above these seven months. 

Sir Charles Hedges. — Extracts, Col. Docs. N. Y. Iv. 1150-6. 


1594 Ecclesiastical Records 

Synod of I^oeth Holland, at Haarlem. 

1Y05, July 28-Aiig. 6. 
Article 13. 

Indian Affairs. 

Extract from a letter from the Consistory at Kingstown, dated 
June 26, 1Y04. 

1. They inform us that Rev. John Peter ISTucella, had been 
called to the chapel of her Britannic Majesty in London. 

2. They request that this Classis will send them another 
capable man in his place; inasmuch as now, no services are held 
there; and they can expect nothing more than that two or three 
times per year the Lord's Supper would be administered by Rev. 
John Lydius, minister at Albany. 

3. They desire that a young man might be selected, who would 
himself advance the money for the meeting of Classis and the 
voyage, with the assurance that it would be promptly paid back 
to him upon his arrival, and with the accrued interest. 

4. They calculate the yearly salary at one hundred and twelve 
pounds ($280.) current money of that province, to begin as soon 
as the one called sails. Upon arrival there he will find a proper 
dwelling, garden, and suificient fire-wood, beside his expenses. 
They conclude with salutations. 

Article 13. 
Ministerial Chanees. 

Rev. Vincentius Antonides, Rev. Henricus Beis, have departed 
to the West Indies. [New York.] 

OF THE State of ]^ew Yoek. 1595 

An Act for the better Explaining & more Effectual putting in 
Execution an Act of General Assembly Entitled, an Act for 
Setling a Ministry & raiseing a mainteinance for them in ye 
City of jSTew York, County of Eichmond, West Chester and 
Queens County. 

(Passed, August 4, 1705.) 

WHEREAS by an Act of General Assembly made in the Year of our Lord 1693 
Entituled an Act for Setling a Ministry & raising a Maintainance for them in the 
City of New York, County of Richmond, West Chester & Queens County, It was 
Enacted that there should be called, Inducted & Established in the several places 
therein menconed a good sufficient Protestant Minister to Officiate & have the care 
of Souls, & that there should be Annually Assessed, Leveyed, Collected & paid in 
every the respective Cities and Counties aforesaid the several & Respective Sums 
in the said Act menconed for the mainteinance of their Several & respective Min- 
isters to be paid in Country produce at money price. 

And whereas in putting in Execution the said Act, many disputes Difficulties 
& Questions have arisen, for the preventing & avoiding of which, Be it Enacted 
by the Governor, Councill & Assembly, And it is hereby Enacted by the Authority 
of the same: That from henceforth. If the Justices & Vestrymen of each respec- 
tive County Parish or precinct of Richmond West Chester & Queens County afore- 
said, who by the said Act are Directed & Impowered to lay the Tax for the 
purposes aforesaid. Shall not, within Ten days next after the said Vestrymen shall 
be respectively chosen, in such manner as the said Act directs, Ifiy a reasonable 
Tax on ye several & respective places for the several & respective maintainces in 
the said Act expressed: That then the respective Justices of the Peace of each 
County respectively or any two of them shall and are hereby required & Impowered 
within ten dayes next after such neglect or refusall of the Vestrymen aforesaid 
to lay a reasonable Tax on the respective places aforesaid for the several & re- 
spective mainteinances as they might have done by virtue of the said Act in 
default of the respective Freeholders Chuseing of the Vestrymen under penalty of 
five pounds for every respective Justice that shall neglect or refuse to do the same. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all & every the pay- 
ments that shall hereafter be made & paid to the respective present Incumbents 
Inducted and Established at the respective places aforesaid by his Excellency the 
present Governor & to all and every the Incumbents who shall hereafter be pre- 
sented Instituted and Inducted to the said respective places for their respective 
mainteinances pursuant to the said recited Act shall be made & paid to them re- 
spectively by the respective Church Wardens of every respective place in Currant 
money of this Province anything conteined in the said Act to the Contrary notwith- 
standing, and the same to be paid at such times & in such manner & under Such 
penalty as in the said Act the same is required and directed to be paid in Country 

And for the more effectual putting in Bxecucon the said recited Act, Be it fur- 
ther Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all and Singular the fines penalties 
& forfeitures menconed in this and the said recited Act shall be one- halfe to ye 
poore of every respective County Parish or Precinct where the same shall be in- 
curred & the other half to him or them that shall or will prosecute for the same 
before any of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the respective Counties for 
the time being where such penalty shall be incurred as aforesaid who are hereby 
respectively required Impowered & Authorized within forty days after any Com- 
plaint shall be made to him or them by any person or persons of the breach of this 
or of the said recited Act by reason of any person or persons not doing his or 
their Duty hereby or by the said recited Act required to be by him or ttiem per- 
formed and done, to Sumons the said person or persons so Complained against as 
aforesaid, & upon the partyes not appearing upon the said Sumons or the matter 
being heard before him shall give judgment & grant Execution thereon against the 
party so not appearing or offending. And shall Immediately thereupon appoint 
another fitt person to do and perform what ought to have been done & performed 
by the said party Offending, and if the person so appointed as aforesaid shall neg- 
lect to do and performe his Duty therein he shall be Subject to ye like penalty as 
If he had been duely Elected any former Law Usage or Custom to the contrary 
thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

And forasmuch as by the said Act all & every the respective Ministers that 
should be settled within the respective Countys Parishes and Precincts aforesaid 
should be called to Officiate in ye respective places by the respective Vestry Men 
& Church-Wardens within One year next after the publication of the said recited 
Act now as an explanacon of the said Act & for preventing any Controversies & 
disputes for the future touching the same. 

It is hereby further Enacted & declared that the respective Vestrymen and 
Church Wardens for the time being of every respective place, or the Major part 
of the said Church Wardens & Vestrymen whereof one Church warden always to 
be one shall & are hereby Impowered to call & present after the Death of the 



1596 Ecclesiastical Records 

severall «& respective present Incumbents so inducted & Established as aforesaid 
& for ever hereafter a good sufficient Protestant Minister within One year next 
after the avoidance of any of the said places respectively the same shall from time 
to time happen to become void which Ministers shall respectively be Instituted and 
Inducted to the said Churches of the said respective places, & so as often as any 
or either of the said places shall become void. 

Provided nevertheless that neither this present Act of General Assembly nor any- 
thing herein conteined shall be Construed or understood to extend to abridge or 
take away the Indulgence or Liberty of Conscience granted & allowed to any other 
Protestant Christians by any Law or Statute of the Realm of England or of this 
Plantation anything in this Act conteined to the Contrary hereof in any wise 

And lastly it is hereby Enacted and declared by the authority aforesaid that the 
said Act of General Assembly made in the year Sixteen hundred Ninety three here- 
inbefore recited and all and every Clause, Article and thing therein contained shall 
continue and be in full force and Virtue Save so much only which by any former 
or this present Act is altered or made void or otherwise, Directed, Declared and 
provided for.— Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 1. pp. 576-579. Council Journal, 
225-2.31. Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1114, 1167-8. 

An Act declareing the Illegality of tlie Proceedings against Coll. 
Nicholas Bayard* and Alderman John Hntchins for pretended 
High Treason and for Reversing and making null and void the 
said Judgements and all Proceedings Thereon. 

(Passed, August 4, 1705.) 

WHEREAS in the Months of February & March in the year of our Lord 1701 
there was a Crafty & Malicious Prosecution against Coll. Nicholas Bayard of the 
Citty of New York; And Alderman John Hutchins of the Same Citty for pre- 
tended Crimes and misdemeanors alleged against them, upon which they were In- 
dicted & Sentence of Death past upon them and other penalties as in cases of 
High Treason. Which matters haveing been fully heard & Examined before her 
Most Sacred Majesty in Councill at the Court at St. James's the 21st Day of Janu- 
ary 1702, Upon Consideration thereof. Her Majesty being sensible of the Undue & 
Illegall Proceeding against the said Bayard & Hutchins was then most graciously 
pleased in Her Royall Justice & Bounty, to order that Her Attorney Generall here 
should bee directed to consent to the Reversing those Sentences and to whatever 
else may be requisit in the Law for the Reinstating the said Bayard & Hutchins 
in their Honour & Property as if no such Prosecution had been. 

AND FORASMUCH as the said Nicholas Bayard & John Hutchins are in no 
ways guilty of any Crime in those matters Objected against them or either of 
them And that Her Majesty's Just Pleasure & Royall Inclination for the Relief Of 
Her Distressed Subjects may take their Speedy & due Effect, BEE it therefore 
declared and Enacted by His Excellency the Governour by & with the advice & 
Consent of Her Majesty's Councill & the Generall Assembly of this Collony, And 
it is hereby declared and Enacted by the Authority of the Same, That the said 
Proceedings and Prosecutions for the said feigned & pretended Crimes & Mis- 
demeanors are and were Undue and Illegal & the Judgement & Judgements Sentence 
& Sentences against the said Coll. Bayard & Alderman Hutchins & all & every 
Matter & thing relating thereunto are Reversed, Annulled & made void & of no 
Effect to all Intents Constructions and Purposes whatsoever. AND the said Nicho- 
las Bayard & John Hutchins hereby are & are declared and hereby Enacted to be 
as to their Honour & Property in the Same State Plight & Condition as if no Such 
Prosecution tryall Judgement or Sentence had been. — Colonial Laws of New York, 
Vol. 1. p. 590. 

— Call of Eev. Freeman to New Utrecht, Sept. 21, 1705. See 

May 4, 1703. 

Dutch Church of IsTew York. 

October 18, 1705. 

The Consistory having assembled called on the name of God. 
Before proceeding to a new election of Elders, Deacons and 

* Nicholas Bayard had lieen an Elder in the Dutch Church of New York. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1597 


Churcli Masters, it was ordered by a majority vote, that hereafter 

no minister shall have more than one vote, just as any other 

member of the Consistory. ' 

— Lib. A. 223. 

Queen Anne's Grant to Trinity Church, ISTew York:, Ko- 
VEMBER 23, 1705. [See July 5, 1705.] 

Aune, by the grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Queen, 
Defender of tlie Faith, etc.. To all to whom these presents shall come, or may- 
concern, send greeting: 

Whereas, the Rector and Inhabitants of the City of New York, in communion 
of the Church of England as by law established, were (by an Act of Assembly lation of " 
made in the third year of our reigne, entitled An Act granting sundry privileges the New 
and powers to the Rector and Inhabitants of the City of New York, of the Com- ^*^* °^ I"^' 
muuion of the Church of England as by law established,) incorporated by the name tion of 
of the Rector and Inhabitants of the City of New York in Communion of the Trinity 
Church of England as by law established, and made persons corporate in the 1704^^ 
law, to sue or to be sued in any action or matter whatsoever; and by that name 
they and their Successors should hold and enjoy the Church there called Trinity 
Church, burying-place and lands thereunto belonging, by whatever name or names 
the same were purchased and had; and that the said Rector and Inhabitants, and 
their Successors by the same name from thenceforward should have good rights 
and lawful authority to have, take, receive, acquire, and purchase and use and 
€njoy lands, tenements and hereditaments, goods and chattels, and to demise, 
lease and improve the said lands, tenements and hereditaments, and to use and 
improve such goods and chattels to the benefit of the said Church and other pious 
uses, not exceeding five hundred pounds yearly rents or incomes, with diverse 
other privileges and powers to them the said Rector and Inhabitants, and their 
Successors, as by the said recited act more at length it doth and may appear. 

And whereas the said Rector and Inhabitants of the said City of New York, in 
Communion of the Church of England as by law established, by their petition to f^n's'ha'^' 
our right trusty and well beloved cousin, Edward Viscount Cornbury, our Captain petitioned 
General and Governor-in-Chiefe in and over our province of New York and ter- 
ritories thereon depending in America, and Vice Admiral of the same, have humbly for the 
prayed that wee would grant and confirm unto them and their Successors for the granting 

use of the said Church, all those our severall closes, peeces and parcells of land, ^^^ ^9P' 

meadows and pastures formerly called the Duke's Farme, and the King's Farme, of the 

and now known by the name of the Queen's Farme, with all and singular ye fences, 

inclosures, improvements and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging as pfn?i' +uq 

the same are now in the occupation of and enjoyed by George Ryerse of the City Duke's 

of New York, yoeman, or by any former tenant, situate, lying and being on the Farm, (or 

Island Manhattans in the City of New York aforesaid, and bounded on the east, parm' or 

partly by the Broadway, partly by the Common, and partly by the Swamp, and theQueen's 

on the West by Hudson's River; and also that our piece or parcell of ground, Farm): its 

scitnate and being on the south side of the churchyard of Trinity Church afore- i.igg_ 

said, commonly called and known by the name of the Queen's Garden, fronting 

to the said Broadway on the East, and extending to low water marke upon Hud- n^ppQit 

son River on the West, all which said premises are now lett at the yearly rent Garden its 

of thirty pounds, which reasonable request wee being willing to grant; know bounda-; 

ye that of our especiall grace, certaine knowledge, and meer motion, we have "®^' 

given, granted, ratified and confirmed in and by these presents, for ourself, our Confirmed 

heirs, and successors, we do give, grant, rattify and confirm unto the said Rector ^'^"'i^*^ 

and Inhabitants of the City of New York in communion of the Church of England 

as by Law established and their successors all and singular the said farme lands, 


Ecclesiastical Recokds 


of most 

House rent 
of Rector to 
be secured. 

Signed and 


tenements and hereditaments hereinbefore mentioned, as the same are herein 
before particularly set forth, with the appurtenences and every part and parcel! 
thereof or thereunto belonging or accepted, reputed, or taken as part parcell or 
member thereof as the same now are held, occupied and enjoyed by the said 
George Ryerse, or have been heretofore occupied and enjoyed by any former 
tenant or tenants, and all rents, arrearages of rents, issues and profits thereof, 
and of every or any part or parcell thereof together with all woods, underwoods, 
trees, timber which now are standing and growing, or which hereafter shall 
stand and grow in and upon the premises hereby granted, or any part thereof, and 
all feedings, pastures, meadows, marshes, swamps, ponds, pools, waters, water- 
courses, rivers, rivulets, runs and streams of water brooks, fishing, fowling, hawk- 
ing, hunting, mines and minerals, and all and singular the ways, passages, ease- 
ments, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said farm, several 
closes, peeces and parcells of land and premises belonging or in any wise of right 
appertaining (except and always reserved out of this, our present grant all gold and 
silver mines.) 

To have and to hold the said farme, severall closes, pieces and parcell of land 
and premises hereinbefore granted and confirmed or meant, mentioned, or in- 
tended to be hereby granted and confirmed with their and every of their appur- 
tenances (except before excepted) unto the said Rector and Inhabitants of the City 
of New York in Communion with the Church of England as by law established, 
and their successors forever. To be holden of us, our heirs and successors in free 
and common socage as of our Manor of East Greenwich in our County of Kent, 
within our Kingdom of England, yielding, rendering, and paying therefore yearly 
and every year unto us, our heirs and successors at our City of New York aforesaid 
to our Collector and Receiver General there for the Time being, on the feast of 
the Nativity of our blessed Saviour the yearly rent of three shillings current 
money of New York in lieu and stead of all other rents, services, dues, duties 
and demands whatsoever, Provided always, and our present grant is upon this 
condition that if our Captain Generall and Governor-in-Chiefe for the time being 
of our said Province of New York, shall at any time hereafter cease or forbear 
the yearly payment of six and twenty pounds for the house rent of the Rector or 
Minister of Trinity Church of New York aforesaid, which is now paid out of 
our revenue in the said province, and at such time, no suitable house shall be 
erected and built for the proper use and convenient dwelling of the Rector of 
the said Church for the time being, yt then the said Rector and Inhabitants of 
the said City of New York, in Communion of the Church of England as by law 
established, and their successors shall from thenceforth yearly, and every year, 
out of the rents and profits of the hereinbefore granted lands and premises, pay 
and discharge the same for and until such suitable House shall be erected and 
built for the proper use and convenient dwelling of the Rector of the said Church 
for the time being, anything hereinbefore in this our grant conteined to the con- 
trary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. In testimony whereof we have caused 
these our letters to be made pattents, and the seal of our said province of New 
York to our said letters pattents to be affixed and the same to be recorded in the 
Secretary's Office of our Province. Witness our Right trusty and well beloved 
cousin Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain Generall and Governor-in-Chiefe in and 
over onr province aforesaid and territory depending thereon in America and Vice 
Admirall of the same etc. in Councill at our fort in New York aforesaid the three 
and twentieth day of November, in the fourth year of our reign Anno Dm. 1705. 

State of New York, Secretary's Office. 

I certify the preceding to be a true copy of certain letters patent as of record in 
this office, in Book of Patents No. 7, page 338, etc. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed the seal of this Office, at 
L. S. the City of Albany, the 9th day of November, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and thirty. 


Deputy Secretary. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1599 

Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. 

1705, JSTov. 20. 


'Now I take the liberty to acquaint you, that the Assembly 
which was sitting at the time when I wrote last, did pass several 
Bills, that is, _, 

(1) A Bill entituled. An Act for the better explaining and 
more effectual putting in execution an Act entituled, an act for 
settling a Ministry, 

(2) An Act for enforcing and continuing a Post Office. — 

(3) An Act to prevent running away of ISTegro Slaves out of 
the County of Albany, to the French at Canada. 

(5) An Act for reviving and constituting, (continuing) an Act 

entituled: An Act for regulating Slaves. 

(10) An Act declaring the illegality of the proceedings against 
Coll. Nicholas Bayard and Alderman John Hutchins for pre- 
tended high Treason, and for Reversing the said judgement, and 
all proceedings thereon. 

These ten Acts are all that could be passed this sessions; I 
earnestly intreat your Lordships to recommend the first Act to 
Her Majesty for Her Royal confirmation; it is an Act that will 
make the Ministers in the Country very easy, whereas hitherto 
they have been very uneasy, because their maintenance was so 
precarious, which by this Bill is made more certain. 

The second is an Act of absolute necessity, for without it the 
Post to Boston and Philadelphia will be lost. 

The third is an Act become necessary by some of their ISTegroes 
lately running away to Canada. 


1600 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

The fifth was passed at the request of most of the best people 
of Long Island, and I think it is reasonable. 

The tenth will likewise speak for itself. I did acquaint Coll. 
Bayard, what the Queen's pleasure was, and he chose rather to 
do it by this Act, than to give security. I hope it will answer Mr. 
Attorney General's objections to the former Bill; therefore I 
hope her Majesty will be graciously . pleased to confirm all the 
above mentioned Acts. 

I am with great respect — etc. — 

20. i^ovember 1705. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1167-8. 

Note: By the courtesy of Rev. Wm. J. Hinke of Philadelphia. Copied from pam- 
phlet in British Museum in 1898. By a subsequent change in the Govern- 
ment, these Palatines fled to England, and many came to New York. 

Declaration of the Elector John William of the Pala- 
tinate. Nov. 21, 1705. (See 1707.) 

We John William, by the grace of God, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Arch Treas- 
urer and Elector of the Holy Empire; Duke of Bavaria Juliers, Cleve and Berg; 
Count of Veldentz, Spanheim, de le Mark Ravensperg and Meurs, Lord of Raven- 
stein etc. To all those to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 

Whereas it has always been our greatest care, from the first moment that we 
entered on the government of our Electorate, to endeavor as much as in us pos- 
sibly lay, to prevent and compose all occasions of Differences which might happen 
among any of our subjects, touching the exercise of their several religions. We 
have therefore for these reasons, from time to time given such orders as we be- 
lieved to be the most convenient and necessary, not forgetting any means that 
might contribute to this good end. 

But having understood, contrary to all expectation, that our wholesome inten- 
tion has not had the effect which we promised ourselves, our subjects of the Re- 
formed religion alledging they were oppressed by several grievances. We there- 
fore being moved by the regard we had to the recommendations of our alleys and 
by our desire of confirming the union which is so necessary among our subjects, 
have thought fit to cause the ensuing Ordinances to be published in our electorate 
and in the other territories therein mentioned, establishing as follows, 

§ 1. That from this time and always for the future, it shall be lawful for all our 
subjects in the Palatinate, who profess any of the three Religions tolerated in the 
Holy Roman Empire, especially to those of the Bayliwick of Termersheim, to 
exercise and enjoy an entire liberty of Conscience, the abuses which may have 
been introduced contrary to the same being first suppressed; and that they be 
neither troubled therein nor disquieted in any manner whatsoever. To this end 
we command to be observed at all times without any contravention the points 
hereafter specified, to which our subjects are required to conform, and to regulate 
themselves accordingly on pain of our highest indignation in case of disobedience. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1601 

§ 2. Tliis being premised, every person wlietlier tie be young or old, wlien he is 
arrived to the age of discretion, may profess any of the three Religions tolerated 
in the Holy Roman Empire, openly and without any molestation, enjoying an entire 
Liberty of Conscience and being free to embrace the one or the other religion, as 
to himself shall seem best; to which end all orders, that may have hitherto 
been issued out in the Palatinate and in the Bayliwick of Termersheim, contrary 
to this liberty of conscience are hereby repealed. 

§ 3. In the marriages which shall be contracted between persons of different 
religions, it shall be lawful for the parents to cause their children to be baptized 
and brought up in the religion they have agreed upon in their contract, conform- 
ably to the Matrimonial consistory or as they may agree after their marriage; which 
nevertheless they shall be obliged to prove by authentick witnesses; for otherwise, 
if it does not appear in their contract of marriage that this point is specified 
therein the children are to follow in their religion the Heads of Families. But 
those children shall enjoy an entire Liberty of conscience (as above provided) when 
they shall come to the age of discretion: and it shall be likewise free for the sur- 
viving father or mother to bring up their children, in their own religion, as they 
shall think fit. 

When a marriage is to be celebrated between persons of different religions the 
banes shall be published in the churches of both their persuasions, though they 
should live in the same city or parish; and the said persons are obliged to demand 
a liclnce which shall be always granted without money or any obstacle whatsoever. 
In performing the ceremony of marriage, the Bride shall follow the bridegroom. 
The Catholick priests and curates may not marry any Protestant without obtaining 
the dispensation of the banes of their ministers; neither may the Protestant min- 
isters marry any Roman Catholick without the dispensation of their banes from 
their priests or curates. 

§ 4. To orphans shall be appointed guardians of the religion in which they are 
to be educated, according to the contract of marriage between their Fathers and 
Mothers; or in default thereof according to the rule for this purpose specif y'd 

§ 5. The foresaid Reformed and Lutherans shall not be obliged to observe any 
other Ceremonies but their own. 

§ 6. Wherefore when there are Catholic processions, they shall neither directly 
nor indirectly be constrained to strow herbs, plant May poles, nor to ring the bells 
in the month of May, on other Holidays nor at the Avemaria ; and much less shall 
they be required to assist at the processions with their arms, or to carry crosses 
or banners, or to take off their hats when the bells ring to prayers at morning, 
noon and night. They shall not therefore be molested nor disquieted by any person 
for the causes now mentioned, nor bound to be present at any of these Catholick 
ceremonies. In like manner the Catholics shall neither directly nor indirectly be 
troubled in any manner, be disquieted or hindered in their divine service, or in 
any other of their ordinary ceremonies. 

§ 7. Furthermore the foresaid Reformed and Lutherans, shall not be obliged to 
conform to the customs of the Catholicks, which prohibit the solemnizing of 
marriage at certain times; but may marry at any time after they have demanded 
permission from the Palatine Regency. 

Neither shall the said Reformed and Lutherans be obliged when a procession 
goes along or the sacrament is carry'd to sick persons to present their arms or to 
fall upon their knees. Nevertheless they may not give any offence of set purpose 
but retire into some house till the procession is past or (if it be in a place where 
this cannot be done) they are only required to take off their hats. 

§ 8. It shall be also lawful for the said Reformed or Lutherans, wether in- 
habiting cities or villages, to follow their work on the Catholick Holidays within 
their houses, only keeping their doors, shop and windows shut: neither shall they 
on this account have reason to fear any inquisition or punishment. But all smiths 
and other Handicrafts, men that make a noise, shall not work on the said days, 
unless it be for passengers, or in cases of necessity. The Lutherans and Reformed 
may, on the Catholick Holidays, keep their schools open, catechize their youth and 
celebrate their monthly days of prayer. 



1602 .^ Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

§ 9. Those of the Confession of Augsburg shall not be obliged to use what is 
called the baptism of necessity or that of Catholic Midwives, against their will. 

§ 10. It shall be lawful for the Reformed and Lutherans to eat flesh-meat in their 
houses during Lent, and on the Catholic days of Abstinence. 

§ IL No person, whether Ecclesiastick or secular, shall be persecuted for the 
sake of his religion whether he's born in the same, that he has newly embraced 
it or made profession of it for a long time past; neither shall he on this account 
be obliged to leave his country, city or village, or be despised or affronted for hi3 

§ 12. No person shall on the force of his religion be excluded from the magistracy 
or from the right and privileges of corporations, Merchants, Trades Chambers, 
companies, publick contracts, purchases, sales of movable or unmovable goods, 
from the right of succession where it is determined, nor from any inheritance, 
legacys or other rights whatsoever. 

§ 13. We further permit that in Matrimonial affairs those of the confession of 
Augsburg be dealt with in all points according to the Recess of Religion made in 
our Duchies or Berg and Juliers; or according to the judicature which was estab- 
lished there for the marriages of those of the confession of Augsburg. But this 
judicature not being yet re-established there, it shall be lawful for the Ecclesias- 
tical Council of the Reformed, or the Lutheran Counsellors to this end named and 
authorized to judge of the same. 

§ 14. In case any difference happens between a marry'd couple of different re- 
ligions, the complainant shall be obliged to submit to the decisions of justice of the 
party accused: so that the Lutherans shall be judged according to the Ecclesiastical 
law of the Lutherans, and the Catholick to the Ecclesiastical law of the Catholics, 
especially in the point of divorce and repudiation. 

As for what concerns the Dispensations of marriages within the prohibited de- 
grees, all persons shall follow the antient ordinance made In the Palatinate for 
the Judicature of Marriages: and thus the Lutherans shall partake of the benefit 
of the law according to their own religion. 

§ 15. To the end that the difficulties which have hitherto arisen touching the 
public service may be terminated all at once, after mature deliberation we have 
ordered they be removed, as by these presents we do remove them; in such sort 
nevertheless, that it shall remain establisht in the places where it has been in the 
time of the Elector Charles Lewis of glorious memory, together with the neighbor- 
ing states; namely the Electorates of Mentz by the treaty of the Bergstraat of the 
year 16.50 and by that of Ratisbonne of the year 1653 as likewise by the agreement 
made with the house of Baden in the years 1652, 1653 and 1661; which shall all 
continue in force and according to the tenor whereof we shall maintain our sub- 
jects of both Religions, and shall protect them conformably to the said treaties 
against all manner of attempts, so as to meet with no sort of hindrance. 

§ 16. We ordain at the same time (to the end that all our dear subjects of each 
religion may exercise the worship they profess not only apart, but also freely, 
openly, and without any.lett) that what follows be punctually observed touching 
churches, parishes, schools, their dependencies, tythes and revenues. 

§ 17. As for what regards the three principal cities in the Palatinate, namely 
Heidelberg, Manheim and Frankendal with our other cities and bayliwicks, viz., 
Alzey, Baccarach. Bretten, Lauteren, Mosbach, Newstadt, Oppenheim, Simmeren, 
Stromberg and Ladenburg, when in any of these there are two or more churches 
or places of churches where the Reformed have used the exercise of their religion 
in the year 1685, or that such churches have been erected since that time at their 
expence, and where the Roman Catholick have neither a parish nor any church 
belonging to their religious orders: it is our pleasure that one be assigned them 
exclusively of all others. 

§ 18. However the Catholics notwithstanding the said regulation shall retain 
the church of the recollects called the church of the Hospital or of the Garrison 
in the suburbs; wherein nevertheless neither the Hospital nor the Revenue of the 
same are comprehended: And also the Catholicks shall have the Quire of the 
church of the Holy Ghost, which shall be separated by a wall, and so the entrance 
.s to be made to it from without. In exchange hereof the Reformed shall have to 

OF THE State of New York. 1603 

themselves the sole use of the Body of the said church of the Holy Ghost. The 
steeple with the bells shall be common to both; as also that of St. Peter with its 
Quire and Appurtenances. And finally, all the other churches, places, quires, with 
their Dependencies and all parsonage Houses, schools or the places, in the posses- 
sion whereof the Reformed have been in the year 1685 shall still remain to them. 

§ 19. And they shall likewise (in lieu of the aforesaid churches of the college 
and garrison) have to themselves exclusively the Schonaar-hofif, situated in the city 
of Heidelberg, with all its appurtenances to employ it as they think best, either 
as a church, college, school, parsonage House or for any other Ecclesiastical use. 

§ 20. We further ordain that according to the above said regulation, there be 
given exclusively to the Reformed of Manheim the church that has been provision- 
ally built in the same with the great plan or square of the church, and the founda- 
tion laid therein, which was designed for the High Germans and Walloons; as 
likewise all the parsonage houses, rectorys and schools whereof the Reformed had 
possession in the year 1685 or have hitherto built or acquired by a lawful title; 
and the Catholics shau content themselves with the church of the Capuchins, till 
they have built another. 

§ 21. We further will that the Reformed of Frankendal be given this church 
with its dependencies; in the quire of which there is performed a common exercise 
of reliiiion. There shall remain to the Reformed the Pedagogg, the parsonage and 
school houses, with all that they enjoyed in the year 1685; and the Catholics shall 
have the second church, but the Reformed shall have the third church exclusively 
for the Walloon congregation. 

§ 22. In the rest of our towns above mentioned, the foresaid Regulation is to 
be followed, by virtue of which the Reformed shall have the great church at Alzey 
and the Catholics that which is at present in the possession of the Capuchins. So 
likewise at Lauteren and Oppenheim the Reformed shall have the great Parish 
church and the Catholics the two churches of the Franciscans, which are in the 
said Towns. At Baccarach the Catholics shall have the church situated at the 
foot of the mountain and the Reformed the Parish church. Thus at Weinheim 
the Reformed shall have the Parish church situated in the suburbs, and the ruins 
of the Hospital church which is in that town and the Catholics shall have to 
themselves exclusively the church of the Carmelites. 

In those towns of the forementioned bayliwicks, where there Is but one church, 
or one place of a church, the Reformed shall have the Body of the church with 
Its appurtenances; and the Catholics the quire which is to be separated by a wall, 
at the expense of both parties. And it shall be further lawful for each of 'em to 
build what they please on their own side, provided there be room for the same. 

§ 23. We further require and ordain that the churches in all the other towns, 
boroughs and villages of the open country, where there is but one church (in which 
the Reformed have performed the exercise of their religion in the year (1685) and 
where the Catholics have no cloister or church of their own) be divided; but in 
such sort however, that the Catholics shall have any Parish church of the said 
year, where there is no Protestant minister at present, but only Catholics, making 
a deduction of their two parts in seven, as hereafter specified. 

§ 24. And that in exchange, the Reformed shall preferably chuse out of this In- 
spection where the said church granted to the Catholics is situated, their five parts 
in seven, due out of the churches where the Reformed ministers remain at present, 
by reason of the church granted to the Catholics; so that the Catholics shall re- 
tain two Parish churches and the Reformed five of those where their ministers 

§ 25. The other churches shall be divided betwixt them in the following man- 
ner. First the remains of such churches where any ministers still continue. 
Secondly, the churches that are well built or in good condition. Thirdly, those 
churches or chapels of ease which are very near ruined. And lastly, the real ruins 
shall be put together seven at a time; In such a manner, as that in the following 
inspection the Reformed shall have five and the Catholics two exclusively of which 
nevertheless our Reformed Consistory shall chuse the first and the Counsellors 
we shall name shall chuse the second, the Reformed the third, the Catholics the 
fourth, and so on. 



1604: Ecclesiastical Records 

§ 26. We likewise expressly ordain, that the Reformed be left in the enjoyment 
of all possessions, revenues, and the great and small tythes of the churches that 
shall be solely granted to their use; which possessions, revenues or tythes were en- 
joyed by some Protestant minister in the year 16.95 as his stipend or were re- 
ceived by collectors for the use of the Reformed Church, without any diminution 
and with the franchises whereof they are in possession. 

§ 27. And our chamber of Finances, with what depends on this Body, as also 
the neighboring Collegiales and Communities, shall be obliged to pay the same, 
as it has been formerly practis'd, The Catholics, by virtue of the abovesaid regu- 
lation, shall enjoy the same right in the churches, belonging to them exclusively. 

But nevertheless their Collegiate Churches and the Revenues of Cloisters shall 
not be comprehended therein. 

§ 28. We further consent, that it be lawful for all Reformed and Lutherans 
dwelling in any place, where there is but one church. Parsonage House or school 
belonging to the Catholics, to perform the public exercise of their religion in any 
house or place that shall be found convenient. 

§ 29. This shall be likewise as lawful for the Catholics, granting to each of the 
parties the liberty of building in all places where they find it necessary, new 
churches with steeples bells and whatever depends on these as likewise parsonage 
houses and schools; in which wo exempt from all taxes and charges those new 
places whereon such churches, schools, parsonage houses or school houses may be 
erected; and we shall in like manner maintain the said houses and buildings in 
their immunities, so long as they serve for the uses above mentioned. 

§ 30. All the Colleges of the Lower Palatinate (in possession of the Reformed in 
1685) Pedagogies, Pectoral Houses and Latin schools, or their places; particularly 
the College called the Sapientia and the school of the Neckar at Heydelberg, the 
Casinirian College at Newstadt or instead of the same an equivalent in good con- 
dition, the Colleges of Frankendal, Manheim and of other places, or the ground 
on which they were built, which the Reformed possessed in the year 168.5, shall 
still belong exclusively to the said Reformed, with all the Revenues and Per- 
quisites, as they enjoyed them the said year. 

§ 31. And to remove all occasion of disputes for the future it is our pleasure, that 
all the several religious exercises everywhere over those that follow their Belief, 
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, the right of pastors and all other consequences of public 
exercise. Although the churches of the forementioned places be assigned to a 
certain religion nevertheless the rights of the ordinary or the school and much 
less the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, shall In no manner be extended over those 
of another religion; and all pretentions of this sort shall be expressly forbid and 
are actually suppressed by these presents. 

§ 32. 'Tis further our pleasure, that the Bells and church-yards depend on the 
churches; with this condition notwithstanding, that at burials, marriages and the 
like ceremonies, the one party shall for a reasonable price ring the bells for the 
other. And where there is but one church-yard it shall be lawful for all the re- 
ligions to bury their dead in common therein, to sing Psalms and to perform the 
other accustomed ceremonies. It shall be lawful for 'em likewise to procure to 
themselves distinct church-yards or amicably to agree among themselves about 
dividing their church-yard, according to their occasions and the situation of the 
place, which is to be understood in the following manner: 

§ 33. Where the churches are left in common, the Catholics shall keep the quire 
in repair and the Reformed the body of the church. The Reparation of the steeple 
and the Bell shall be common to both unless the Patron, the Collector of the 
Tythes, or some other was formerly obliged to the reparation of the churches be- 
longing to the Reformed, 

§ 34. Where none shall exercise the jus patronatus, if it was not exercised in the 
year 1685. 

§ 35. As in the time of our ancestors the rents and revenues arising from Col- 
legiate churches. Provostships, Abbeys, Cloisters and such other Bodies, have 
been for the most part employed for pious uses; 

§ 36. And we having resolved to employ to the same purposes all the revenues 
of the said Bodies, which the administration, called Verwaltmeg did particularly 
possess in the year 1685. 

OF THE State of jSJ'ew Yoek. 1605 

We therefore ordaiu and enjoin by these presents that five parts in seven of the 
said Revenues (be it money, fruits, wine or in any other things) be employed for 
the maintenance of the Reformed Consistory, of their Ministers, churches and 
schoolmasters for the reparation, re-edification and necessary support of their 
churches and schools. 

The other two parts in seven shall remain at our free disposal, deduetis pro 
rataoneribus; and the said fruits or wines shall not be purchased after the cur- 
rent price of the country or without ready money, nor in any wise diminished, 
whether they be for political or ecclesiastical uses, nor under the name of con- 
servation and protection of the country. 

§ 37. And to prevent all subject of distrust we command that the said goods 
and revenues be managed by a general Administration, consisting of two Catholic 
Counsellors and two Reformed with the Clerks and other necessary ofllcers; with 
this condition nevertheless that the Catholics and Reformed shall at the end of 
every three months make a repartition of their revenues in common, whereof the 
Counsellors of the said Administration shall give information by way of rescript 
to the Clerks in the country. 

§ S8. Which revenues shall afterwards be delivered and counted by the said 
Clerks to the receivers of both religions, namely to the Catholics two parts in 
seven, and to the Reformed five parts in seven, as it has been above assigned. 
Nevertheless the least thing shall not be given to either party before the reparti- 
tion is made, and that an account is given thereof to us: with this condition how- 
• ever, that what remains of the same be distributed to both parties, to put the same 
to what use they please. 

§ 39. This once done the Counsellors of the Administration may no longer inter- 
meddle in this matter; but each religion may absolutely dispose of the particular 
part. After this the Clerk shall depend on the said Counsellors separately, and 
shall obey their orders without any repugnance, as it shall be enjoined them by 
the formula of the Oath they are to take. 

§ 40. In all other cases everything shall stand conformably to the Ordinance of 
the present Administration. 

§ 41. Furthermore, as to what concerns the Reformed Ecclesiastical Council and 
Jurisdiction, it shall be re-established according to the Tenor of the Ordinance of 
the Palatine Ecclesiastical Council of the year 1564; and shall be protected and 
maintained conformably to the said Ordinance, as it has been to the year 1685, 
In all its franchises and immunities, and in the course of payment. 

§ 42. We also ordain, that it shall be lawful for the Reformed Ecclesiastical 
Council to adjoin to themselves as many ministers and schoolmasters as they shall 
judge necessary and to transfer them whither they will, as also to unite and divide 
their curacies, which nevertheless must not be done without our knowledge. 

§ 43. And in case any minister shall be accused to have preached calumni- 
ated or acted in any unlawful manner against the Catholics Religion, the matter 
must be enquired into as often as there shall be occasion, by employing as many 
Ecclesiastical Counsellors as there are Commissioners appointed for this end; and 
the party accused shall be proceeded against according to the ordinance of the 
Inquisition of the Palatinate, that true justice may be done. 

§ 44. And to the end that our University of Heydelberg, formerly so much cele- 
brated, may be able with the soonest to return to its antient splendors, and that 
an opportunity may be given to all the religions to improve in all the faculties; 
we have resolved to settle two Reformed Divines for the Theological Faculty 
and to endow them with the Salaries which they were heretofore accustomed to 

§ 45. To effect this purpose, we expect it from our Reformed Council to suggest 
the means to us whereby the said Professors may be established. We shall also 
expect for the future, that when any of those Theological chairs come to be 
vacant, the said Reformed Council inform us how they may be most effectually 

§ 46. 'Tis our pleasure further that the charities collected or founded in each 
religion be solely managed and distributed by the Receivers expressly appointed 
to this end in that religion. 



1606 EcclesIx-lstical Eecoeds 

§ 47. But the legacies and Capitals, particularly at Heydelberg, Manheim, 
Frankendaal, and in such other places as there are any, and which are not yet con- 
sumed, shall be restored and left to those of the religion that were in possession 
thereof before the Communion and participation now introduced; and each religion 
shall administer independently the part that belongs to it, in such wise as that no 
injury be done to the one or the other side. 

§ 48. As for what concerns pensions or stipends, they shall now be paid as they 
were used to be in the year 1685; and both these and others that have been 
hitherto founded, or that may happen to be so for the future, shall, according to 
the last will of the Founder, appertain to the Religion he has professed. 

§ 49. 'Tis likewise our pleasure that in the Hospitals, in the houses for orphans 
and in the alms houses, erected by the Inhabitants and citizens of the Palatinate, 
those of both religions he admitted according to the proportion by us accorded of 
two sevenths and five sevenths, without being molested in any manner to the 
account of their persuasion; and the orphans shall be bred in the religion that 
was professed by their parents. 

§ 50. For the rest, we ordain, that without regard to their religion, the poor 
and the sick be admitted into the same and enjoy an entire liberty of Conscience. 

§ 51. We further will and command, that not only the church granted to them in 
the year 1624 to be solely left to the Lutherans, but likewise all those they have 
hitherto built or shall build in time to come; and the Evangelick Consistory es- 
tablished by us, shall continue independent of the Reformed Ecclesiastical Council; 
and they shall have the administration of such Ecclesiastical goods, parsonage 
houses and schools, as well as of the other Revenues whereof they shall probably 
appear to have enjoyed the possession, in the year 1624. 

Given at Dusseldorp the 21st of November, 1705. Finis. 

Lord Cornbury to Mr. Secretary Hedges, 

V New York 9ber the 22, 1705. 

I arrived [Amboy, N. J.] there on the Sunday morning before, very early, having 
been upon the water all night. When I arrived there I found but two of the 
Gentlemen of the Council come from the Western Division, the rest, being Quak- 
ers, think I am bound to wait their leisure. There was none of the Members of the 
Western Division come neither; they are all Quakers too, except one; but on the 
17th the House sat, on the 18th the House came to this resolution, the motion 
being made and the question put, that His Excellency's speech containing very 
weighty matter, whether this House shall proceed upon any business untill it be 
full or not; it passed in the negative. Soe you see they were not to proceed upon 
any business at all till the House was full. 

Now I must observe to you that at the time they said the House was full, there 
were three Christian members wanting, but the three Quakers being got in; the 
House was full, soe that it was not a full House of Members that they wanted, but 
a full House of Quakers, now there being a full House as they call it, they think 
fit to make an Addresse, of which I send you a copy; how well they have followed 
their Addresse in their actions, their Journall of which I send you a copy will 
best shew. 

— Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1170, llTl. 

OF THE State of New York. 1607 

Civil Commission to Rev. Mr. Freeman to be Minister in 

Kings County. 

(Original in English). 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General & Governour in 
Chief of ye Provinces of New York New Jersey & of all the Territories and 
Tracts of land depending thereon in America & Vice Admirall of ye same etc. 

To Mr. Bernardus Freeman Greeting — 

You are hereby Licensed Tollerated and allowed to be Minister of the Dutch 
Congregation at New Uytrecht Flackbush Bruyckland and Bushwick in King's 
County upon the Island of Nassaw in the said Province of New York and to have 
& Exercise the free Liberty and use of your Religion according to ye Laws in such 
case made and Provided for & During So Long Time as to me shall Seem meet & 
all Persons are hereby required to take Notice hereof accordingly. Given under 
my hand & seal at Fort Anne in New York This 26th day of December in the 
fourth year of her Majesty's Reigne Annoq. Dm. 1705. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 93, 4to ed. iii. 145, 8vo. ed. 
By his Excellency's command, 

William Anderson, Dy. Sec. 

Cornbury's License to Freerman. 

[As translated into Dutch, and retranslated into English.] 

1705. Dec. 26. By his Excellency, Edward, Viscount Cornbury, Captain General 
and Governor in Chief of the Province of New York, New Jersey and all Terri- 
tories depending thereon in America and Vice-Admiral of the same: 

To Mr. Bernardus Freerman, Greeting: 

You are herewith admitted, suffered and allowed, to be Minister of the Dutch 
congregations at New Utrecht, Vlakbosch, Breukelen and Boswyck, in the County 
of Kings, on the Island of Nassau, in the aforesaid Province, and to have and 
exercise the liberty and use of your divine service, persuant to the laws for such 
cases provided and made, as long as it shall be my pleasure; and all persons are 
hereby charged to take knowledge thereof. 

Given under my hand and seal, at Fort Anna, in New York, this 26th day of 
December in the fourth year of her Majesty's reign, Anno, 1705. 

The following is added to the Dutch copy. 

New York, the 22nd of May 1706. 
Translated from the English. 

Abraham Gouverneur, 

Interpreter and Translator. 

The above copy agrees with the original, which we certify. 

Gualtherus du Bols, Ecel. in New York. 
V. Antonides, Eccl. in Mirtwout. 
Henricus Beys, V. D. M. at Kingstowne. 


1608 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 



Compel Rev. Antonides to Deliver Up the Books, Etc. 


To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General and Governour in 
Chief of her Majesty's Provinces of New York and New Jersey and Vice Admiral 
of the same etc. 

The humble Petition of Englebert Lott Jacob Pardon Daniel Polyhemus and Ben- 
jamin Vandewater Elders of the Dutch Congregations in Kings County on the 
Island Nassau of which Mr. Freeman is Minister by License from your Excellency 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your petitioners haveing lately presented to your Excellency A short Memo- 
rial of their proceedings in their offices since Publisht by said Mr. Freeman by 
your Lordshipp's Speciall Order, setting forth to your Excellency that their inten- 
tion was to demand of Mr. Antonides and his pretended Elders and Deacons the 
Churches Books Stock house and Land to the same belonging if your Lordshipp 
should think it convenient which your Excellency was pleased to approve of and 
your Petitioners have demanded the same accordingly which Mr. Antonides and 
his pretended deacons doe absolutely refuse to deliver Without your Lordshipp's 
Special Order under your hand notwithstanding your Excellency's verbal! order for 
demanding the same. 

Your Excellency's Petitioners therefore humbly pray that the.v may have An 
order from your Lordshipp's own hand for the receiveing of the said Church books 
stocke house and Land belonging to each of the said Dutch Congregations which 
your Lordshipp's petitioners humbly conceives will putt a stop to the differences 
amongst them for the future. Humbly praying that your Lordship of your Great 
clemency would continue your protection over them. And as in Duty bound shall 
ever pray. 

Englebardt Lott, Jacob Pardon, Daniel Polvheraus, Benjamin Vandewater. 

— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. n. 93. 

Church of Flatbush, L. I. 

Vv'arrant for tiie Delivery of the Church Property to Domine Freeman. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury. 

Whereas I have licensed authorized and appointed Mr. Bernardus Freeman who 
was called by the people of Flatbush to be Minister of the Dutch Congregation att 
Fflattbush in Kings County. It being therefore absolutely requisite that the House 
Land Stock and books to the same congregation belonging should be delivered to 
the said Minister I have thought fitt hereby to require and command you and 
every of you who I am informed detain and keep the possession of the said House 
Land Stock and books for the use and on the behalfe of Mr. Antonides the pre- 
tended Minister of the said Congregation forthwith to deliver the same to the 
said Mr. Freeman and to put him in the possession thereof as you will answer the 
contrary at your perill. Given under my hand att fort Anne in New Yorke this 
3rd day of January, 1706. (See a legal opinion on this, Jan. 6, 1707). 

To Joseph Hegeman and Stophell Burbasho pretended Elders and Cornelius 
Williamse Jan Vlies and Nys Van Duyn pretended Deacons of the Dutch Congrega- 
tion at Fflattbush. 

The same to Joris Hansen Daniel Rappellie & fifredrick Mynderse pretended 
Elders & Gysber Bogart & Aert Janseu pretended Deacons of Bruyckland- — Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 94. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1609 


Trinity Chukch. — • Me. Club and Mr. IsTeau, Catechists. 


Mr. Club had been Catechist, and assistant of Mr. Vesey before 1705. But on 
Nov. 21, 1705, he accepted the services of Mr. Neau, who had become an Episco- 
palian. His commission by the Society was probably due to his great devotion to 
work among the humble classes. There were in 1705 about fifteen hundred Negro 
and Indian slaves in the City. In volume XII of the Society's Archives in London, 
141, Is a list of Mr. Neau's black pupils. Hawkins says that he began visiting 
them from house to house, but afterward obtained leave from them to come to his 
own residence. In 1708 the list of the catechumens had risen to about two hun- 
dred. He could never assemble his scholars till candle light, either in summer or 
winter, except on Sundays, when they came at the close of the afternoon service. 
He taught these poor, abused and degraded human beings to say the prayers by 
heart. They were presented to Mr. Vesey for baptism as fast as he judgefl 
them to be ready. In 1712 his work was interrupted by the so-called insurrection 
of the Negroes, but only one of his scholars, and that one unbaptized, was found 
to be implicated. Governor Cornbury approved this mission work, and the clergy 
generally were exhorted to aid it by all means in their power. 

Mr. Neau, writing to the Society, July 5, 1710, says: 

" Mr. Vesey baptized three of my Catechumens on Christmas Day, six on 
Easter Sunday, viz.; One ludian, two Negroes, and three Negresses, and three upon 
Whitsunday, viz., one Negro, and two Negresses; my custom has been to carry 
them to Mr. Vesey to be examined, and from him to the Church, and I take free 
and white persons for witnesses according to the order of our Rubrick ". 

Yet Humphrey gives us a picture of the deplorable condition of the Negroes 
about 1710; 

" The Negroes were much discouraged from embracing the Christian religion 
upon account of the very little regard showed them in any religious respect. 
Their marriages were performed by mutual consent only, without the blessing of 
the Church; they were buried by those of their own country or complexion in the 
common field, without any Christian office; perhaps some ridiculous heathen rites 
were performed at the grave by some of their own people. No notice was given 
of their being sick that they might be visited; on the contrary frequent discourses 
were made in conversation that they had no souls and perished as beasts ". — 
Humphrey, 92.— Dix's 162-3. 

The Anglican Church. 

Col. Heathcote to the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 


Sir:— I am indebted to you for yours of the 11th of January and 9th of April, Pleasure 
and am wonderfully surprised that the Society should make choice of me for one p^JJ^'^j^Pq^ 
of their members. It was a very great satisfaction to me, that any thing I could 
offer was acceptable to them, and should very joyfully embrace any opportunity 
of doing service to the Church, and I bless God for it. I am not conscious to 
myself of ever having slipt one fair occasion therein, when Government would 
give me leave. I beg of you. Sir, to present my most humble duty to that honor- 
able body and thank them for the honor they have been pleased to do me, and 
may assure them that I shall not only endeavor to give them satisfaction as to 
any thing they shall desire of me; but if any new matter occurs, which I believe 
may be of service to the Church, I will not fail laying it before them for their 


Ecclesiastical Records 


Parishes of 
East Ches- 
ter, Rye, 

If I mistake not the several heads you desire satisfaction of in both yonr letters 
now before me are, lirst, An exact and impartial account of all your Ministers — 
Secondly, what fruit may be expected from Mr. Moor's mission — Thirdly, what 
my thoughts are of sending Mr. Dellius into those parts again — Fourthly, my opin- 
ion of the Society's having appointed that good man, Mr. Elias Neau as Catechist 
to the Negroes and Indians and the Cause of misunderstanding betwixt him and 
Mr. Vesey. 

I As to the first, I must do all the gentlemen which yon have sent to this Province 
that Justice as to declare that a better Clergy were never in any place, there 
being not one amongst them that has the least stain or blemish as to his life or 
conversation, and though 1 am not an eye witness to the actions of any save those 
in this Country, yet I omit no opportunity of enquiring into their behaviour, both 
of the friends and enemies of the Church, and they all agree as to the Character 
of the gentlemen; and that they use their best endeavours to gain over the people. 
And as to their diligence in the faithful discharge of their trust, the Society 
I hope will in their instructions have laid down such rules as they wont fail 
coming at it without being imposed on. 

Mr. Urquhart, minister of Jamaica, has the most difficult task of any missionary 
in this Government, for although he has not only the Character of a good man, 
but of being extraordinary industrious in the discharge of his duty, yet he having 
a Presbyterian meeting house on the one hand, and the Quakers on the other, and 
very little assistance in his Parish, except from those who have no interest with 
the people, that his work can't but go on very heavily, as I understand it does: 
But Mr. Thomas of Hempstead having better assistance, the leading men in his 
parish not being disgusted, are helpful in the work; and having no other sectaries 
to oppose them by their meetings but the Quakers, makes very considerable 
progress, as I have been told by some of the most sensible of his parish. As for 
Mr. Mackensie he has a very good report from the people of Staten Island, and 
I shall not fail making further enquiry concerning him, and let you know in 
my next. 

But when all is done, what I can tell you concerning any minister, except in 
this County, is only by information from others which is often very uncertain; 
for some gentlemen may many times and very deservingly have a fair and good 
character by the generality of their neighbors, and yet at the same time, by one 
misfortune or other not perform much of the service of the Church, in which I 
will give you this plain instance. 

There is not any gentleman whom the Society hath sent over that is clothed 
with a fairer character than Mr. Bartow of "West Chester, and truly he is a very 
good and sober man, and is extremely well liked of and spoken of by his parishion- 
ers in general; yet although he has been three years in that parish not many are 
added to the Communion nor baptized, and few Catechized; and if he is directed 
to send an account how he has advanced on each of these heads annually since 
his coming here it will be found accordingly. 

For this and many other reasons, I can't help still to be pressing that the 
Society should lay the gentlemen which are sent over under exact rules, and me- 
thinks it is no difficult matter to have it ordered so as to know almost as well 
what is done as if they were present in every parish. 

The people of West Chester were very angry with me because I was for having 
this County divided into three parishes, and every Minister to have seventy pounds 
Instead of fifty, and I had brought the County except that place to a willingness 
to have it so, as I formerly acquainted you, and had they permitted that projec- 
tion to have taken place it would have been a great ease to the Society: for first, 
what Mr. Bartow had more than the fifty pounds he now hath, might reasonably 
have been deducted at home; Secondly, Mr. Bondet would have been provided for; 
And thirdly, one Mr. Morgan who was Minister of East Chester promised me to 
conform; that there would not have been occasion of another being sent to us, 
and by that means have saved fifty pounds a year more at home, and wholly 
out of all hopes of any dissenting Minister getting footing amongst us, and it will 
never be well until we are in three parishes; and I shall not fail, when I have a 
fair opportunity, to push for it again. And to satisfy you of the reasonableness 
in what I offer, I believe there has not six public taxes been laid on this County 

OF THE State of New York. 1611 


by the Assembly this fifteen years past, but I have been at the proportioning of, 

and when the places in Rye parish pay fifty pounds the town in "West Chester 

parish were allotted one hundred and twenty pounds and there are two places 

more, which both together are one third as big as Rye Parish which are now in 

neither of them. 

And now I am of this subject, it comes in course to make out what I told you Parishes 

in mv former letters, viz. that there is no parish in the Government but what is could pay 

able to pay twice as much as they do. For Rye Parish which is not by one 

half so large as the least parish established by the law in the Government here, pigggjjfjng 

since my living here maintained two dissenting Ministers, viz. one at Rye and ministers. 

Mamaroneck, and one at Bedford: and gave the former fifty pounds and the latter 

forty pounds a year, which I think makes it out very plain what I have offered on 

that head; and you may be assured I shall omit no opportunity of serving the 

Society therein. But the work must he done in a great measure by the Minister's 

taking pains, and bringing the people into a good opinion of the Church, for though 

the reason hereof is very plain, it must be a business of time to effect it. 

We have it reported that the Queen would be at the charge of maintaining a Suffragan 
Suffragan Bishop in these parts. If that was granted. I question not but a great bishop, 
many who have had their Education in Boston College would conform, and would 
be content with the benefices as settled by Assembly, without being very burthen- 
some to the Society. 

I have been so long wandering from one subject to another, that I had almost r>„y HTuir- 

forgot to give you my thoughts of Mr. Muirson, whom my Lord of London has son. 

sent to this parish. He has been here about three months, in which time he hath 

by much outdone my expectation, having very fully retrieved all that unfortunate 

gentleman, Mr. Pritchard lost; And if he continues so faithful in the discharge R®.^' , 

X ritcnftrd 
of his trust, of which I have not the least doubt but he will, he'll be able to give 

as large account of his services as any that has been sent over to this Province. 

And I must do him the .Justice to own that he is deserving of the Society's favors. 

For as some of his Parishioners told me, and which I know in a great measure to 

be true, that although they have had a great many Ministers amongst tliem since 

the settlement of their town, yet Mr. Muirson did more good amongst them the 

first six weeks after his coming than all they ever had before. And I question 

not but when you have the particulars of his proceedings transmitted, you will 

find what I have said of him to be true. 

As for Mr. Brooks whom the Society have sent to the Jerseys, he has an uncom- Rev. 
mon good character given him from those parts; and it is reported of him that Brooks, 
he makes wonderful advances for the service of the Church, and I question not 
but Col. Morris will be very particular concerning him, that being properly his 
watch. For though that Province is not above fifty miles from my house, and 
Staten Island about forty, yet by reason of the difficulty of water passages, I have 
never been at either of them above twice since my coming to America. And I 
am now more tied at home with a family, and my private affairs than formerly, 
for which I humbly crave an allowance. My principles and natural temper lead 
me to do the Church all the service I can every where, but I dare not promise for 
more than this County at present, and my best endeavours in the Westermost 
towns in Connecticut colony when the Church is well rooted here. And it has 
always been my opinion, and is so still, that there is no part of this Province or 
even America, that would be of greater use or service to have the Church 
thoroughly settled In; for it is not only large in extent, and the land very good 
and near the City; so consequently will, in time, be a great settlement. But 
bordering on Connecticut there is no part of the Continent from whence the cut^°^*^'^'' 
Church can have so fair an opportunity to make impressions upon the Dissenters 
in that Government, who are settled by their laws from Rye parish to Boston 
Colony, which is about thirty five leagues in which there are abundance of 
people and places. As for Boston Colony, I never was in it, so can say little Boston, 
of it. But for Connecticut, I am and have been pretty conversant, and always 
was as much in all their good graces as any man. And now I am upon that subject 
I will give you the best account I can of that Colony. 

It contains in length about one hundred and forty miles, and has in it about ^ccountof 
forty towns, in each of which there is a Presbyterian or Independent Minister cut!'^^° ^' 


Ecclesiastical Eecords 


settled by their law, to whom the people are all obliged to pay, notwithstanding 
many times they are not ordained, of which I have known several examples. The 
number of people there are, I believe, about two thousand four hundred souls. 
They have abundance of odd kinds of laws to prevent any dissenting from their 
Church, and endeavor to keep the people in as much blindness and unacquaintedness 
with any other religion as possible; But in a more particular manner the Church, 
looking upon her the most dangerous enemy they have to grapple with all. 
And abundance of pains is taken to make the ignorant think as bad as possible of 
her. And I really believe that more than one half the people in that Government, 
think our Church to be little better than the Papists. And they fail not to im- 
prove every little thing against us. But I bless God for it, the Society have 
robbed them of their best argument, which was the ill "lives of our clergy that 
came unto these parts. And the truth is, I have not seen many good men but of 
the Society's sending. 

And no sooner was that Honorable Body settled, and those prudent measures 
taken for carrying on of that great work, but the people of Connecticut doubting 
of maintaining their ground, without some further support, they with great in- 
dustry went through their Colony for subscriptions to build a College at a place 
called Seabrook. And the Ministers, who are as absolute in their respective 
parishes as the Pope of Rome, argued, prayed and preached up the necessity 
of it; and the passive obedient people who dare not do otherwise than obey, gave 
even beyond their ability. A thing which they call a College was prepared accord- 
ingly, wherein as I am informed a commencement was made about three or four 
months ago. But notwithstanding their new College here and old one in Boston; 
and that every town in that Colony has one, and some, two ministers, and 
have not only heard them say, but seen it in their prints, that there was no place 
in the world where the Gospel shone so brightly, nor that the people lived so 
religiously and well as they, yet I dare aver, that there is not much greater neces- 
sity of having the Christian Religion in its true light preached anywhere than 
amongst them. Many if not the greatest number among them, being a little 
better than in a state of heathenism; having never been baptized nor admitted 
to the commun'on. 

And that they may be satisfied that what I tell you herein is not spoken at 
random, nor grounded on careless observation, Mr. Muirson's parish is more than 
three fourths of it composed of two towns, viz. Rye and Bedford which were first 
settled under the Colony of Connecticut, and of people bred and born under that 
government, and sometime before my coming had a Minister, one Mr. Denham, 
and had afterwards two more, Woodbridge and Bowers of Rye, and Mr. Jones 
at Bedford. And the people of Rye only had of this County the care to provide 
a parsonage house. And notwithstanding all those great shows of Religion and 
that at such times as they were destitute of a Minister. 

Greenwich and Stanford, the bounds of the former of which places joins upon 
theirs, (ours?) and the other is not above ten miles distance, where they were al- 
ways supplied. But they could not be said to want the opportunity of having 
the Sacraments administered to them, yet I believe twenty of them had never re- 
ceived the communion nor half of them been baptized, as Mr. Muirson will more 
fully inform you. 

And now I have given you an account of the state of that Colony what will 
In the next place be naturally expected from me, is to know my opinion of the 
best and most probable way of doing good among them. There is nothing more 
certain than that it is the most difficult task the Society have to wade through. 
For the people are not only not of the Church, but have been trained up with all 
the care imaginable to be its enemies. That to make an impression, under all 
these disadvantages is very difficult, though I hope not impossible. And though 
at first view, the prospect of doing any good upon them is very little, yet no doubt 
but the most proper measures ought to be taken leaving the event to Almighty God. 

Now as to give you my thoughts in what way this great work may be best en- 
deavored at, so as it may be done with little expense, I believe for the first step, 
the most proper way would be, that one of the ministers in this county were 
directed by my Lord of London to inform himself where there are any in that 
Government that profess themselves to be of the Church, and to know if they 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1613 


or any of their neighbours have any children to baptize, or desire to partake of 
the Sacrament; and that he will come to the towns where they live, and after 
having given them a sermon, will perform those holy rites. There need, I think 
be no more done in this matter at present. But the Society may if they please, 
leave the rest to me, and I won't only give him the best advice and directions I 
can therein, but will, God willing wait upon him in his progress and persuade some 
useful friends along with me. And when this essay has been made, I shall be 
much better able to guess at the state of that Government, and what is fitting 
to be done next. Now the person that I would advise them to pitch upon, by all 
means for this expedition is Mr. Muirson; he being not only posted next to those 
parts, and so will look less like design, but he has a very happy way of delivery, 
and makes little use of his notes in preaching which is extremely taking amongst 
those people; and for argument, few of his years exceed him. 

The chief end I have in this projection is to have the people of that Government 
undeceived in their notions concerning our Church, there being, I believe, fifteen 
thousand in that Colony who have never heard, nor scarce seen a Church of Eng- 
land Minister. And I have the charity to believe, that after having heard one 
of our Ministers preach, they will not look upon our Church to be such a monster 
as she is represented. And being convinced of some of the cheats, many of them 
may duly consider of the sins of Schism. HoM'ever, let the success be what it will, 
to me the duty seems plain. I have not only mentioned this to you, but in my letter 
to the Lord of London, and shall patiently wait for his and the Society's com- 
mands therein. 

I will now proceed to give you direct answers to the several queries mentioned 
in yours. Having as yet only spoke of the first, so shall now take the rest in 

II. As for Mr. Moor's Mission, you will undoubtedly have the account thereof very 

fully by Mr. Talbot, whose place he supplies, having not thought it worth the Moor's 
while to stay at Albany. As for my opinion in that matter, I think it is too heavy mission, 
for the Society to meddle with at present, and would properly lie as a burthen upon d .q, , 
the Crown, to be defrayed out of the revenue here. For their being brought over bot. 
to our Holy faith will, at the same time, secure them in their fidelity to the Gov- 
ernment. And not only that, but the Society will. I believe, find employment 
enough for their money in sending of Missionaries amongst those who call them- 
selves Christians, on the coast of America, which I find to be their resolution. 
And it is certainly the greatest charity in the world to have the best Religion 
planted in these parts, which, with time, will in all probability, be so vast a 
Country and People. 

III. But whether the charge of Missionaries for converting the Indians fall to ,,. . 
the share of the Crown or the Society, to effect that matter well and thoroughly, ies to the 
those sent over on that errand, must be such as can endure hardships, and are able Indians, 
and willing to live with the Indians in their own country and according to their 

way and manner, which are the methods the French take. And I believe some of 
those gentlemen who have had their education in the Colleges of the north parts 
of Scotland, being in orders from my Lord of London, may be the likeliest to 
undergo it. As for Mr. Dellius I don't think it worth the while in being at any j^g^ p^j, 
extraordinary charge in sending him, because I believe no consideration would lius. 
make him live in the Indian Country. And if he did, he has not the language; and 
one that goes on that mission must be a young man who is able to grapple with 
fatigues, and will not only take pains, but is capable of learning the language; 
and it Is a general observation that none are so apt to gain foreign tongues as 
the Scotch. 

IV. As for my thoughts of this Society's having appointed that good man, Mr. 
Neau, as Catochist to the Negroes and Indians, it is undoubtedly a very good work, ^s cate- 
and he is wonderfully industrious in the discharge of his duty, and the truth is, chist. 
takes more pains than he needs, by going from house to house to perform that 
oflJce. And I believe he would find it as effectual to gain the end, and not the 
fourth part of the trouble himself, to appoint set times in having them together 

at the English Church, or at least so many at once as may be proper, and catechise 

and instruct them. And Mr. Vesey assures me he shall be very free and willing jjgy Vesey. 

to let him have the use of the Church for that purpose. And now I am on this 


Ecclesiastical Kecokds 


subject, it will be very proper for the Society to direct Mr. Cleator, if lie comes 
over, or any Schoolmaster whom they may appoint in their respective places to 
catechise and instruct the Negroes and Indians; the Society would then see how 
the matter was further worth their consideration. 

I did in my former letters make mention of Mr. Bondet, a French Protestant 
Minister, who is in orders from the Bishop of London. He is a good man and 
preaches very intelligibly in English, which he does every third Sunday, in his 
French congregation, when he uses the Liturgy of the Church. He has done a 
great deal of service since his first coming into this Country, and is well worth 
the thoughts of the Society. The town he lives in, is called New Rochelle, a place 
settled by French Protestants. It is comprehended in Mr. Bartow's parish, and 
contributes towards his maintenance, which disables them in a great measure to 
pay towards Mr. Bondet's, who is in very great want. It is true besides twenty 
pounds a year, which the people of New Rochelle promise him, and is very ill paid, 
he has thirty pounds a year settled on him out of the public Revenue here, as the 
French Minister in York hath; but that is paid with so much uncertainty, that he 
starves under the prospect of it. 

Now for a remedy for this poor gentleman and that he may be made as useful 
to the Church as possible; if the Society would use their interest that he might 
have an order from the Court that he may not only forthwith be paid his arrears, 
but that he should afterwards have his money by quarterly payments; and that at 
the same time, he be directed by the Bishop of London to consult with and be 
helpful to Mr. Bartow and Mr. Muirson in taking care of the scattering towns of 
their parishes; especially Mr. Bartow's, where it is impossible for any one to man- 
age it. And whereas he has been obliged for his bread to use the French prayers 
in his French congregation, according to the orders of the Protestant Churches of 
France, and had that liberty granted him (as he tells me) upon his receiving orders, 
it is his earnest request, that he might have directions relating thereto, wherein 
he might be required not to use otherwise than the Liturgy of our Church in any 
Congregations where he preacheth, whether English or French. And it would be 
well that some French Common Prayer Books and Catechisms were sent over for 
that purpose. The reason of desiring an order of that nature is, that it would put 
the matter out of dispute. Mr. Bondet and I have gone as far as we can in that 
affair, and it would spend too much time to tell you what tempests we waded 
through in attempting it but if directions came from England about it, none I 
believe would be found to oppose it. The chief cause of its being hindered with 
so much heat was that the French Congregation at New York were apprehensive 
that it might be a precedent for them, and for that reason fired the most ignorant 
of Mr. Bondet's people, and persuaded them to recant from what they had agreed 
to. But I must do the most sensible of them the justice that they hold fast their 
integrity, and are willing to receive the Church. 

If this matter goes forward, I expect that the greatest part of the people of 
New Rochelle will cease their contributions to Mr. Bondet. So I must desire the 
Society to consider him with some allowance in England. And if effectual care 
could be taken that thirty pounds is paid him, fifteen pounds Sterling more, with 
the small help he will have from those who will continue steady to the Church, 
will enable him to maintain himself and family. 

If care is not already taken therein in the Instructions which are preparing, it 
will be of absolute necessity that the clergy of this Country be directed to meet 
twice at least annually, and taking to their assistance the best and most sensible 
of their parishes to consult of the most effectual ways of settling the Church; and 
to give an impartial account how the parishes are settled in point of conveniency, 
and which way it may be better done, not only to make it easy for themselves 
but so as the bread of life may be fairly and equally divided amongst the people, 
that proper measures might be taken to have it regulated by Act of Assembly. 
For if something of this nature is not done, one half of the people of the County 
won't have much benefit by all the cost that is laid out upon them. 

In the conclusion of your last letter you told me that you had sent some Common 
Prayers and Catechisms by Mr. Mackenzy but do not understand he has brought 
any; so beg of you to enquire into that mistake. And in case you send any other 
books to be disposed, pray let them only be Dr. Beveridges (now Bishop of St, 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 1615 


Asaph) sermon concerning Common Prayei', a little book entitled a Christian's Way 
to Heaven, and one of the Lawfulness of the Common Prayer. No books can be 
more serviceable than they; and I would take care to have them scattered through 
Connecticut Colony to both Ministers and People, and am apt to believe they would 
do service. 

As for the deputation the Society now pleased to send me, I am exceedingly 
sorry I can do them no service therein. For the people of this Country having gen- 
erally land of their own, although they don't want, few or none of them very much 
abound. There being, besides a settlement belonging to Col. Morris, and another 
to Mr. Phillips, and mine, not any that belong to particular men of any great 
value in the County: nor are there ten in the whole County but what have been 
brought over to the Church since I came into the Province, that truly. Sir, if we 
can persuade them to build and finish their Churches and Schools, help to maintain 
their Ministers and School Masters, and fit conveniences for them, it is the most 
that can be expected till things are better settled, and the Church a more firm 
footing among them. 

I have not had the happiness to be in company with Colonel Morris since I re- 
ceived the deputation; but shall discourse with him concerning that matter when 
I see him next. I could offer some few things more to the consideration of the 
Society, but time wont permit me to enlarge, so I shall reserve it to the next 

So with humble duty to the Society, begging pardon for the trouble I have given 
herewith, I desire to remain, etc. 

Caleb Heathcote. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. (4to. ed.) 74-83. 

Journal of Domine Beys. 1700. Jan. — March. 

Journal in relation to what befell me in respect to my Call and Ecclesiastical 

Rights, 1706. 

On the first of January (1703-6) O. S., the day of our landing at New York, I, 
with Mr. Antonides, through Rev. Gualterus du Bois, paid our submissive respects insulting 
to the Noble Governor, my Lord Cornbury. I received as answer, that the preacher treatment, 
for Esopus might go to his post, whenever he liked. This was said with the P^ Corn- 
utmost disdain, and without his condescending to direct the slightest glance of his 
eyes at me. 

As to him who was to go to Long Island, report will be made by Domine du 
Bois and Domine Antonides. On account of the distance and the ice, it became 
necessary to winter in New York, till the cold weather came to an end. In the 
meantime I informed my congregation of my safe arrival here. Thereupon I 
received from them an answer, that after the breaking up of the ice, a committee 
of the Consistory would come to welcome me, and conduct me to my station. This 
was done on the 23d of February, when I received Col. H. Beekman, Mr. Cornelius 
Cool and Captain Egbert Schoonmaker, as a committee of the Consistory. 

When my goods had been shipped for my departure and everything was prepared 
for the journey, it was thought by some, desirable and necessary, and to make 
quite sure of not giving to his Excellency the least cause of dissatisfaction, that 
before leaving New York I should once again testify my respects and submission to 
his Excellency. 

To this I finally consented, although against my judgment and wishes, and even 
my formal protest. For they might easily have understood from the treatment 
which Domine Antonides of Long Island continually met with, in his interviews, and 
also from general rumor, the reception I had to fear; for the way to the Court is a 
slippery way. However with Col. Beekman, I presented myself to his Excellency. 
Col. Beekman informed him of our intention to journey to Esopus, and offered our 
services to his Excellency, declaring that if he had any commands for us, we 
hoped his Excellency would deign us worthy of his services, etc. Thereupon his 
Excellency answered, that we should not leave the place until I had first taken 



that Beys 
take out 'a 
license to 

Rights of 
the Dutch 

Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Refusal to 
accept the 

license to; 

of his call. 

out a license (to preach) from him. He threatened that if I presumed to go and 
preach without it, he would drive me away, and banish me from his government, 
persuant to a certain law, which, his Excellency said, existed. 

Thereupon Col. Beekman answered, that when notice was given him of a call 
which was about to be made out and sent to Holland, he had approved of it in a 
most kind and friendly spirit; adding, that the coming and settlement of such a 
minister would be very acceptable to him. Then when we referred to the old 
customs, laws and privileges of the Dutch Reformed Church, it was not thought 
worth the while to listen to us, nor to answer by a single word, but we were ordered 
to keep silence, or withdraw. Stinging words were hurled at us by his Excellency 
as if we were the lowest negroes or heathen. This sad and unheard of occurrence 
happened to us in the presence of several members of his Majesty's Privy Council, 
and other distinguished gentlemen, on the 28th of February, (1706.) 

When this distressing and extraordinary experience was reported to the other 
brethren of the Consistory, and to individual members from Esopus who were then 
ii New York, they were all dismayed and puzzled not a little, not knowing what to 
do. But this was firmly resolved upon by us all, that none of us would ever 
accept such a license as Domine Preerman had accepted with the design of 
securing a settlement on Long Island. For he placed himself thereby at the mere 
caprice and pleasure of my lord Cornbury. But we resolved to preserve our 
rights of conscience, and the ancient customs, laws and privileges of the Dutch 
National Church. A copy of the license referred to, marked C, accompanies this 

In these distressing and unusual circumstances, being also unacquainted with 
the language, laws and judicial proceedings of this country, I knew not what 
course to pursue. After conference with my Consistory, we addressed ourselves 
to several prominent inhabitants and lawyers, well versed in the ancient customs, 
laws and privileges of the Church and the State, for the purpose of obtaining some 
counsel and advice in regard to our course of action. We also requested to meet 
with us the Rev. Brethren at New York, Domine du Bois and Domine Antonides, 
with their Consistories, Col. de Peyster, Messrs. de Lancy and Staats, Col. Jacobus 
van Cortlandt, Messrs. Valkenier, (Falcounier), and A. Gouverneur. They assembled 
for the said purpose on the 29th of the same month. 

These Rev. Brethren, who took this matter, as well as all the general interests 
of the Dutch Reformed Church greatly to heart, and who foresaw with us the 
evil consequences of such measures, were unanimous with us in the opinion, that 
such a license neither cotild nor should ever be accepted; lest hereafter, all Dutch 
preachers and churches should continually be subjected to the arbitrary will and 
caprice of his Excellency. For the acceptance of his license creates a dependence 
on his arbitrary will, and is directly contrary to the ancient customs of the 
Dutch Reformed Church, and the Acts of Parliament passed in the time of King 
William, as appears in a paper styled, " The State of the Dutch Church in the 
Province of New York " (Staat der Nederduytsche Kerke in de Provincie van Nieuw 
York) marked B K. 

Nay, thereby, the Act of our Classis by which I was called and sent in a regular 
and lawful manner, " To perform the duties of a preacher here in all respects," 
according to the Acts of your Reverences " and according to the Church-Order and 
Discipline, the Word of God, and the excellent forms and customs established 
in the Fatherland ", would be dishonored: the dignity of your Rev. Classis would 
be insulted, and the rights and privileges of the Church would be invaded and 
destroyed: For it was evident, from his Excellency's threats to banish me, and 
drive me out of his government, that he would not recognize any virtue in any 
Act or document of the Classis of Amsterdam, in calling or sending over a minister; 
but only, that by " his license ", his Excellency would do me the favor of making 
me a preacher, during his will and pleasure. 

What evil consequences would result from such proceedings, your Reverences 
will be able to understand better than I can tell in writing, as the circumstances 
of the case forbid it. 

We consulted together how we could in the best and most suitable manner show 
his Excellency that such a license had hitherto never been heard of in the Dutch 
Reformed Church here, and had never been Introduced or required by any of hit 

OF THE State of New York. 1617 

predecessors; that it was contrary to the ancient customs, usages, laws and privi- Lepral 
leges of the Church. We come to the conclusion to request Mr. Valkenier (Fal- g^jijioyed 
counier), a man of whose fidelity we felt sure, one who had the easiest access to, 
and most influence with his Excellency, to do this; and to assure his Excellency, 
that I was ready to sign all the English laws aud the Test Act, and to behave 
myself as an obedient, reasonable, and faithful subject of the Crown, and of this 

The said gentleman being convinced of the justice and equity of our case, in his 
kindness, consented to do as we requested, and made arrangements accordingly. 
He explained to his Excellency, on the first opportunity, the ancient usages, laws 
and privileges of the church, and at first, it looked as if his Excellency would be obgHnate 
pleased to converse further on this matter. On another and more favorable occa- 
sion he promised to give a final answer. When a fitting opportunity again occurred 
to press this matter, Mr. Valkenier (Falcounier) seized it, and again urged a final 
decision. But his Excellency now showed as much displeasure, yea, even more, 
than he had formerly shown pleasure; aud he asked — Why he was so very urgent 
In this business; and whether he was as much interested in it as we were, etc., 
etc. Thereby, all further efforts of this gentleman to secure a favorable answer 
from his Excellency were cut off. This was on the 4th of March. 

After we liad deliberated to the utmost for the furthering of the welfare of 
the Dutch Reformed Church, and everything had been done, which was thought 
advisable or useful, favorably to influence his Excellency, that I might enter upon 
my duties without hindrance, as my predecessors had done; and yet everything 
turned out in vain, and nothing could be obtained one way or the other; then 
the members of the Committee of my Consistory, whose business called each one g -g 
home, urged me, to go on with my goods which were already shipped, to the to King- 
place to which I was appointed. They did not approve of my unloading my goods ston. 
and remaining in New York, as the brethren there advised. They preferred to 
leave the further management and promotion of the welfare of the church to the 
fidelity and kindness of the New York brethren. They requested them to promise 
that in our absence they would use their best endeavors for the said purpose, 
and by every opportunity to inform me and the Consistory of what was accom- 
plished. Then we hastily sailed away on the evening of the 5th of March, and 
on the 10th of the same month I was introduced at Esopus with uncommonly great 
joy of the inhabitants, coupled with sorrowful regrets about these previous oc- 

After I had been at Esopus a short time. I spoke occasionally with the English English 
preacher (Gracherie?) who had been sent there and foisted on the congregation, mmister 
although there were not six English families in the place. He said he should con- 
tinue in the service there until my Lord (Cornbury) withdrew him, by counter- 
manding his call or license. His salary was demanded from the community by my 
Lord as a free gift (donum gratuitum), and this was yielded for the sake of 
peace, and in order not to give displeasure to his Lordship. But his Reverence 
considered this salary too small and insignificant. He had spent twice as much, 
which was a loss he could not afford: and which, by his Lordships assistance, he 
declared the congregation must make up; else the debts incurred by his Reverence ' 

must remain unpaid. 

I also learned that the schoolmaster, formerly appointed by my Consistory, had School- 
been demanded, under oath, who had appointed him to that oflSce, and how he master li- 
had dared to accept the position of reader and schoolmaster without his Lordship's ^^'^s®'*- 
license. He was told in the most severe terms and with threats, that if he did 
not ask for and accept his Lordship's license, he (the Governor) would know, 
what to do with him. He was thus compelled, with the knowledge and consent 
of the Consistory, to ask for and receive such a license. A copy goes herewith, 
marked C. L. 

On the following Sunday, the 17th, (March, 1706,) at the urgent request of the Beis bap- 
Consistory, although it had been understood with the brethren in New York that tizes. 
I would not do anything whatever. T openly administered the sacrament of baptism 
to thirty two children, and on the next Sunday to seven more. 

After my departure for New York and during my sojourn at Esopus, I con- 
stantly awaited a report of what had been done by the brethren in New York; 


Ecclesiastical Records 



Council re- 
(juested to 

and concluded that they had made no progress In our affairs, or at least, had failed 
to inform me or the Consistory of anything. The Elders and Deacons, convened in 
church meeting, therefore thought it advisable and resolved, to authorize a brother 
Elder and my self to make a journey to Nev? York to act in their behalf, as your 
Reverences may learn from the accompanying copy, marked D. M. 

Thereupon we left Esopus on the 9th of April and landed in New York on the 
13th. We presented ourselves, with an explanation of our object, to the said 
brethren. From them we learned in reply to our first question, that there was 
not the least change; that everything was in the same condition as when we had 
taken our departure. We urgently requested the brethren to assist us in obtaining 
our object, and exhibited our authorization. Their Reverences declared their will- 
ingness with all signs of friendship. For this purpose, after due consideration, it 
was resolved by the brethren on the 16th, that Col. Jacob van Cortlandt, S. Staats 
and A. Gouverneur, with Messrs. du Bois and Antonides, should request the gentle- 
men of her Majesty's Privy Council to speak to his Excellency about this case, 
and use every effort to bring it to the desired issue. On the 17th, we made this 
request to Messrs. Adolph Philips and Rip van Dam, both of her Majesty's Privy 
Council. They were fully persuaded of the justice and equity of our case, and 
with great kindness and good will undertook to promote the general interests of 
our church, promising to take advantage of the first meeting of the Council to 
speak with his Excellency. 

In regard to the character of the license accepted by Domine Freerman — of 
which a certified copy, as we were assured, as prescribed by his Excellency, was 
furnished — after further and mature deliberation, our conclusion respecting it 
remained unchanged. But feeling the necessity of giving some sort of satisfaction 
to his Excellency, it was proposed to draft a so-called license or form of approbation 
and consent in order that I might settle in my church in peace and quietness, but 
without doing violence to my conscience and without impairing the customs and 
privileges of the Church. After consultation the following writing was drawn up 
to be presented to his Excellency. 

" Whereas the Dutch Reformed Church of Kingston, in the county of Ulster, 
has called a minister in the manner heretofore customary; and as Rev. Henricus 
Beys has arrived here, in that capacity, bringing such credentials and testimonials 
as agree with the requirements of the National Synod of Dort, Anno 1618-19; I, 
therefore, in accordance therewith, approve of the call of the said Domine Henricus 
Beys to the ministry in the said church and neighboring places in said county in 
the province of New York, and also give him full liberty to prosecute his ministry 
in said county in as full and ample a manner as his predecessors have done, he 
conducting himself as a good and faithful subject of the Crown of England is in 
duty bound to do." 

On the morning of the 18th, after the Council had adjourned, the said Messrs. 
Adolph Philips and Rip van Dam, in the most prudent and cautious manner possible, 
represented to his Excellency the object of my return to New York, in connection 
with the general interests of the Church, in order that I might be permitted to 
prosecute my ministry according to the ancient customs and privileges enjoyed by 
my predecessors, etc. 

But they were told by his Excellency, that he had special " Instructions " from 
her Majesty, that no preacher should be allowed to officiate without his Excel- 
lency's license. He promised to show these " Instructions " to the gentlemen at 
the nest meeting of the Council, and then leave it to their judgment as to what 
he could do. Furthermore, he promised to favor us as far as might be possible. 

When the Council had adjourned on the 20th, the said gentlemen asked his 
Excellency for said " Instructions " according to his promise. They were told 
that, prevented by the press of business, he had had no time to search for and 
produce them. He therefore deferred them until the following Monday or Tues- 
day, etc. 

Monday the 22nd, and Tuesday the 23rd, did not appear to be favorable oppor- 
tunities, especially as the 23rd was the anniversary of the Coronation Day of her 
Majesty, and on such a joyful day no complaints or petitions could be brought 
before his Excellency, but all must celebrate it with joy, etc. Therefore the matter 
was again delayed until a more suitable day and a more favorable opportunity. 

ov THE State of New Yokk. 1619 


On Thursday, the 25th, these honorable gentlemen of the Council again seized 
the opportunity to urge his Excellency about my case, and to show them the " In- 
structions " of which he had spoken. But these again were not produced. They 
now insisted, since his Excellency had been hitherto prevented by too great press 
of business, and was now intending to make a journey into the Jerseys, that I 

should provisionally, be allowed to go to my place of settlement, and enter upon Other ex- 

cuses of 
my ministry, and await his Excellency's orders and final answer after his return; Cornbury. 

but they could make no impression. His Excellency brought forward special com- 
plaints against Col. H. Beekman, my elder, because of the severe language and 
his style of speaking, which he had several times publicly used, and which had 
been maliciously reported to his Excellency, and had given great offence to him. 
He had also many charges and complaints against me, which had been reported 
to him. 

He was prudently answered by Mr. Philips, that nothing had ever been said by 
me in this case; that I had several times promised to subscribe to the laws of the 
Kingdom: to take the oath of allegiance to the Crown and to his government here; 
and to conduct myself as an obedient, good and faithful subject of the Crown 
and of his government; and that I was now ready to make such promises; and 
that the language and speeches of others should not operate to my injury. But 
the conclusion of all M'as, that without his Excellency's license before adverted to, 
I could not be a preacher in his government. In regard to this his Excellency was 
to show his " Secret Instructions " next Saturday, and let their Honors decide, 
whether he could do anything else. 

On Saturday the 27th, his Excellency, upon their Honors indefatigable persistance, persist- 
showed his "Special Instructions" from her Majesty, to Messrs. A. Philips and ance of the 
Rip van Dam alone, and let them see them, only so far as they had reference to Council, 
this case. These were to the effect that there should be no preacher allowed in 
this government, without his Excellency's license. But Mr. A. Philips at once 
expressed It as his impartial opinion, and with which his Excellency had promised 
to abide, that in reference to this matter, these " Instructions " referred only to 
the English Episcopal Church, and not at all to the Dutch National Church; that 
none of the former Governors had introduced the use of this license, or issued 
any, except for the English Church. His Excellency answered that he was not 
concerned about what others had done, and would not meddle therewith, but he 
knew what he had to do in this case. So he showed himself both as a party to, 
and as a judge in this matter. They then further again requested his Excellency 
for the favor that, provisionally, I might go up to my place, as they had urged 
on the 25th; because his Excellency had several times promised them to favor me, 
if it were possible. To this he wrathfully answered: No! but if I would come Pretended 
before his Excellency to clear myself of charges against me, and proved myself ^j'gp^'^^gjj 
innocent, then, at my request to be favored with a license, his Excellency would 
give me one. If however, I ventured to undertake to perform any service with- 
out his license he knew what he would do; and intimated what might be expected 
by any who attempted to do anything contrary to his orders and the " Secret 
Instructions " from her Majesty. As they now saw sufficient evidence of dis- 
pleasure. If they attempted to go more fully into this subject at present, they 
left the matter without having accomplished anything, and threw up the case com- 

The said gentlemen of the Council have declared their readiness, if required, to 
certify to these occurrences under their hands and seals. 

[See letter of Rev. Beys, of May 28, 1706, which was appended to this Journal 
of his.] 


1620 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Rev. Mr. Goodhue's Commission as Peesbyterian Minister 
OF Jamaica, L. I. 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain General and Governour in 
Cliiefe of ye Provinces of New York, New Jersey & of all the Territories & Tracts 
of Land Depending thereon in America & Vice Admirall of the same etc. 

To Mr. Francis Goodhue, Greeting. 

I do hereby License & Tollerate you to be Minister of the Presbyterian Con- 
gregation at Jamaica in Queens County on the Island Nassaw in the said Province 
of New York & to have and Exercise the ffree liberty & use of your Religion 
pursuant to Her Majesty's pleasure therein signified to me in her Royal Instructions 
& during so long Time as to me shall seem meet & all Ministers & others are 
hereby Required to take notice hereof. Given under my hand and seal at ffort 
Anne in New York this day of this Instant January in the fourth year of Her 
Majesty's Reign Annoq. Dni. 1705-6. 


By his Excellency's command, William Anderson, D. Sec. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. 
iii. p. 131. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Request for Money for Anthonides. 

1706, Jan. 12th. Inasmuch as Mr. John D'Orville, [or Ian de 
Arbille] at the request of the Classis, caused to be paid in 
London, to Rev. Vincentius Anthonides, called to Breucklen and 
Midwout, in 'New ISTetherland, the sum of two hundred and fifty 
eight guilders, for his passage thither, the Classis will see to it 
that these advanced 'moneys be repaid to him with thanks, ix. 
115. xix. 278. "'' 

(This is the last of the extracts from Vol. xix. The volume 
consists of extracts, 1655-1705, from the minutes of the Classis 
of Amsterdam, relating to the colonial churches in all parts of 
the world. They frequently helped in the elucidation of the 
early Dutch chirography. The volume numbered xxxix. in the 
Archives of the Classis, is a similar volume of extracts, between 
1635-1648. Another earlier volume of such extracts is referred 
to, but is now to be found. See Introduction.) 

Rev. Vincentius Antonides, 

1706, Jan, 14. To his Excellency, Edward Viscount Corn- 
bury, Captain General and Governor in Chief of the Province of 

OF THE State of iSTew Yoek. 1621 

"Nevf York, ISTew Jersey and the Territories depending thereon in 
America, and Vice- Admiral of the same: 

The Petition of Vincentius Antonides, Minister of the Holy 

Humbly sheweth. 

That your Excellency's petitioner, in pursuance of the customs 
of the Dutch Reformed Church, was called from the Province 
of Vriesland, where he had a prominent charge, to be the minister 
of the three villages on the Island of ISTassau in this Province 
imder the government of your Excellency. Your petitioner 
would not have accepted of this charge had he not been assured 
that the call to him had been issued with your Excellency's knowl- 
edge and permission, and which is dated the 23rd of October 
1702. He and his wife and children since that date, have been 
on the voyage for nine months. He has found since their arrival 
here, that the people of the aforesaid villages are ready to receive 
him, without decreasing the salary of another minister, and to 
engage him according to promise : Therefore he humbly requests, 
that he may be allowed, to enter upon his ministerial duties, for 
the honor of God, for the service of her Majesty and of your 
Excellency, and for the edification of many souls. And your 
petitioner shall ever pray, etc. 

V. Antonides. 
:N'ew York, the 14th of 
January, 1Y05/6. 

New York, the 16th of May 1706. Translated from the 
original. Abraham Gouverneur, 

Interpreter and Translator. 

The above copy agrees mth its original; which we, the under- 
signed, testify. Gualtherus du Bois, 

Eccl. at New York. 
V. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwout, etc. 

[This is a retranslation from the Dutch translation into 



1622 Ecclesiastical Records 

Churches of Ki^gs County, Long Island. 

1706, Jan. 28. Written Offer of Peace by the Consistories of 
Long Island etc. 

To the members of the Dutch Reformed Congregation at 
Breiikelen, Vlakbosch and JSTew Amersf ort : 

Our Very Dear Brethren and Sisters in Jesus Christ : 
Grace and Peace be multiplied unto you: — 

We, the Consistories of the three villages named above, 
Breukelen, Vlakbosch and JSTew Amersfort, met at Breukelen on 
the 28th of January 1706. We invoked the Lord's name, to 
prove our unfeigned love, and our desire for mutual peace and 
harmony; among all of you. 

Whereas several are inclined, to have the Rev. Bernardus 
Preerman, minister at 'New Utrecht, recognized also as our 
preacher here, together with the Rev. Antonides; therefore we, 
and each of us, declare, that if these parties can devise sufficient 
means to support a second minister, and give us satisfactory 
security for the same, then we are fully prepared to call Domine 
Preerman according to regulations and in a decent manner. We 
request that this, our sincere intention, be communicated to 
everybody, as proof of our peaceableness, and that they who are 
in favor of the demands of Domine Preerman give us a written 
answer in addition to the verbal one. Done at Breukelen, the 
28th of January 1706. In the name of all of us, 

Signed : 
Daniel Rapalje, Elder. Christoffel Probasco, Elder. Gerrit 

Stootof, Elder. 

Agrees with the original; 

Gualtherus du Bois, Eccl. at ISTew York. 
V. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwoud, etc. 
Henricus Beys, V. D. M., at Elngstowne. 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1623 

Chuech of Flatbush vs. Do. Freemajst. 



1706, Feb. 14. Protest by the members of Flatbush against 
Domine Freerman: 

To the Eev. Domine Bernardus Freerman, Minister of God's 
Word in the Christian congregation of Xew Uitrecht, and to the 
Brethren legally convened in the church, to consider matters, 
concerning the welfare of the congregation of Christ: 

Grace and Peace be multiplied to you: 

We, the undersigned members of Christ's congregation, con- 
vened at Flatbush, have learned of the election and publication 
of the names of the new members of the Consistory made by you. 
Having duly reflected upon and considered this matter, w^e find 
ourselves aggrieved by it, and desire a time and a lawful place of 
meeting to be arranged. We truly desire the welfare of the 
Church of Christ, and its good order, according to our rights, our 
liberty of conscience and the free exercise of our religious services 
as they have always been here enjoyed, through God's kindness, 
under our Christian authorities, and which are still granted to 
us. We therefore, as members of the Reformed Church of 
Christ, take the liberty, most humbly and submissively, to suggest 
certain things for that meeting: 

What we have to suggest, in no ways concerns the persons 
nominated, who are our very dear and esteemed brethren and 
fellow members in this church; but only the method of selection 
employed by Domine Freerman, Minister of JSTew Uitrecht. 

1. The election was not held according to Church-Order and 
the Resolutions made and established, conformably to God's 
Word, in the ISTational Synods, to which our churches have, with- 
out interruption, held since the time of the Reformation: to wit, 
that the election of Elders and Deacons in an established congre- 
gation must be made by the then officiating Consistory, and not 
through excluding them, as was then and there done by Domine 


1624 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

2. This new election, whicli was held illegally on account of 
the exclusion of our present lawful Consistory who remain in 
office until they have been discharged with thanks from their 
services, or dismissed from it because of some bad behavior, tends 
to nothing else than to schisms in our Church, and the destruction 
of our ecclesiastical liberty. 

3. We assert herewith that the license, under which Domine 
Freerman assumes the right, to preach in our churches, also binds 
him to our established ecclesiastical laws; and even though it 
was given in violation of such laws, yet that it was given with a 
good and Christian intention for preserving peace and harmony. 

Therefore we, as members of this church, moved by a sincere 
desire for its welfare, and by love for the liberty, order, peace 
and harmony of the Lord's Church, and for which we always most 
earnestly strive, enter our ecclesiastical protest, as we herewith 
do, against the election as well as against the confirmation of the 
parties nominated. This 13th of February, 1706. 

Signed : 
Rinier Arents, Johannes Willems Cornel, Abraham Hegeman, 
Benjamin Hegeman. 

Therefore the protesting parties made the following declara- 
tion about their proceedings and Domine Freerman's answer: 

We requested information of Domine Freerman the day before, 
according to announcement, about the time and place when we 
could properly and in due form, present our grievance against 
the election of a new Consistory which had been made by his 
Reverence. He appointed his own house and we went there at 
the time agreed on. But we found nobody there except Domine 
Freerman. In the first place we then declared, that we expected 
to find those there who had been legally and ecclesiastically in- 
vited to convene, that they might act with us on a matter of such 
importance, to the peace of our own minds, and for the welfare 
of Christ's Church and congregation. We then handed our 

OF THE State of I^ew Yoek. 1625 

grievance and ecclesiastical protest to liis Reverence alone, who 
assumed to himself the right and authority to hear us in this 
matter. After several disputations, which were largely irrele- 
vant, we received from his Reverence the following answer con- 
cerning the important and essential point of our complaint. He 
said: There was no Consistory here, and since I have been ap- 
pointed Minister here by order of my Lord (Cornbury) and not 
finding a Consistory here, I had to appoint one, according to my 
own judgment and pleasure. : 

Signed : 
Rinier Arents. Johannes Willems. Abraham Hegeman. 
This 14th of 
February, 1706. 

Agrees with the original. 

Gualtherus du Bois, Eccl. at ISTew York. 
Henricus Beys, V. D. M., at Kingstowne. 
V. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwout. 

1Y06, Feb. 15. Ecclesiastical Protest by Antonides and Con- 
sistory of the three united congregations at Vlakbosch, 
Breukelen and Xew Amersfort, against an illegal election of 
a new Consistory by Domine Bernardus Freerman, and deliv- 
ered to his Reverence at Kew Uitrecht. 

Sir: — Where there is a Church there must certainly also be 
Order. The Lord desires that in his Church all things should be 
done decently and in order. We now profess the Reformed Reli- 
gion. In this we do not recognize a Papal Head, but we are all 
brethren, of equal authority and worth, in the spiritual affairs of 
the Church of Christ. The individual congregations are gov- 
erned by servants of the Gospel, called Elders and Deacons. 
These constitute a Consistory to transact business, and to serve 
in all respects, for the peace and well being of the spiritual house 
of God. But this is done in this way: The Synods and other 


1626 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

high Church Assemblies, from time to time have enacted resolu- 
tions and laws, conformably to God's Word, bv which all the 
affairs of Christ's Church must be regulated, to the highest honor 
of God's Holy ISTame, and to the best interests of His chosen 
people, even of all those who make profession of the Reformed 
Religion. And especially do these rules relate to such as are 
selected and consecrated to some office of dignity and service in 
the Church, and who, by promises, even as it were by a holy oath 
before God, have engaged to maintain these rules, as being con- 
formable to Christ's Holy Gospel, in whatever part of the world 
Christ may have planted his Church. 

Tour Reverence entered into these same engagements, when, 
after having been called and examined, you were found competent 
and worthy for the service of the Gospel, and you were ordained 
thereto and sent on your mission. But we, as the Overseers of 
Christ's Church, with regret and heartfelt sorrow now observe 
and ponder your proceedings. These not only deviate from this 
Order, but are wholly antagonistic thereto. We therefore find 
ourselves in duty bound, out of love for the good Order of 
Christ's Church, to express to your Reverences our dissatisfaction 
with your conduct, by declaring, and ecclesiastically protesting, 
against all that you have done in this matter, and which tends to 
disturb the peace and to overturn the Order of our Church. 

1. Your Reverence must understand, — if you have ever read 
with any attention of soul, God's Holy Word, and the ecclesias- 
tical resolutions and laws made in conformity thereto by the 'Na- 
tional Synod, and which have been confirmed and re-established 
from time to time, — how such persons are looked upon and esti- 
mated, who, without any call or legal order from the churches, 
intrude into an office where they do not belong; — certainly, they 
cannot be considered otherwise than schismatics and troublers in 
Israel. This was so decided in the I^ational Synod of Emden, 
1571, Art. 18; and again in the jSTational Synod of Dort, 1578, 
Arts. 9 and 10. We leave it to your own reflections how you 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 1627 

stand in reference to sncli matters. Let your own conscience be 
the jndge. 

2. The choice of a new Consistory in our congregation, made 
by your Reverence, cannot appear otherwise to the rational judge- 
ment of anyone, than as a very strange and unheard of affair. — 
For you have undertaken to make appointments in a congregation 
without consulting the Consistory in office, and that also where 
you have never been called by the church itself; but, looking at 
the matter in the best light possible, where you only had a (civil) 
permission and license to preach as a minister. And then also 
the manner or method of this choice is altogether contrary to 
Church Rules, and against all the resolutions of the National 
Synods, as confirmed and established in our churches by a con- 
stant and uninterrupted and unchanging practice since the time 
of the Reformation: namely, that the election of Elders and 
Deacons shall be made by the Consistory. Your Reverence can 
see such decisions in the l^ational Synod of Emden, 1571, Art. 
14; and although not copied in full, read what the ]S[ational Synod 
of Dort, 1574, says, in Article 27: '* Concerning the election of 
Elders and Deacons, it shall be held according to the decision of 
the 14th Article of the Synod of Emden, which is that the acting 
Consistory shall have the right of election." Also in the National 
Synod of Dort, 1578, Art. 12, Ave find the same; as well as in 
the National Synod of the Hague, 1586, Art. 20; and also in the 
National Synod of Dort, 1618-19. And these resolutions have 
never been changed in any of the Particular Synods. 

3. And to what else can this election, held by your Reverence, 
contrary to all laws and rules of the Church, lead, than to a split 
in our congregation, to the ruin and annihilation of our precious 
liberty, and all our Church Rules ? Or do you want to make two 
congregations out of one, and so establish one congregation within 
the other? The old Ecclesiastical Assemblies Ukewise guarded 
against such evils most earnestly and with all zeal, forbidding it 


1628 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 


as a wretched error. For this would open the door for all kinds 
of sects, schisms and differences. Consult not only the above 
mentioned; but the same principles are found in the Synod of 
Emden, 15Y1, section 18; and of Dort, 1578, sections 9 and 10. 

4. It is a silly and idle pretense of your Reverence, emanating 
either from confusion of understanding or from wicked per- 
versity, to say that our two years term of service had expired and 
terminated, and that therefore we had in fact ceased to be a 
Consistory, without any of us having been discharged from his 
office by the Church. Also, that your Reverence, having been 
appointed (by a civil license only) as minister over our Church, 
and not finding a Consistory, could appoint one, according to 
your own judgement and pleasure; yet you well knew, or at least 
you ought to have known, that although the term of service of 
Elders and Deacons is fixed at two years, nevertheless, when cir- 
cumstances require it, for the benefit of any congregation, that 
it is left to the discretion of such congregation to shorten or 
lengthen the term. The first and oldest, five E'ational Synods, 
and in which the excellent Order of the Dutch Reformed Church 
was established, thus express themselves almost word for word. 
You see all this in the proceedings of the Synods of Embden, 
1571, section 15; of Dort, 1574, section 31; of Dort, 1578, section 
31; of Middelburg, 1581, section 19; of the Hague, 1586, section 
19; and finally not only ratified at the last iN'ational Synod of 
Dort, 1618-19, but also established and confirmed by a continuous 
and unchanging custom in our churches ever since. So that the 
service of no Elder or Deacon is actually limited as to time; for 
then, according to the pretences of your Reverence, all the 
churches here in Kings County must have been without Con- 
sistories; while, at the same time you consider your Consistory at 
New Uitrecht as a legal one, the terms of whose officers began at 
the same date as those of ours. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1629 

5. Shamefully enough, also, you make an evil use of the li- 
cense, of which you are forever boasting, and which has been the 
cause of all your evil proceedings. It was, indeed, granted to 
you by my lord (Cornbury), our legal superior in all political 
affairs in this province, and foster-father of God's Church in 
these distant regions; but by it, your Reverence is expressly 
bound to the established laws of the Church. It was only in- 
tended for a good and Christian object — for quiet, peace and 
harmony in Kings County; but all this is broken and transgressed 
by your conduct and its good and wholesome object is prevented. 

We have desired to deal with you in all friendliness, and with 
a real desire for true fellowship and brotherly love ; also to satisfy 
the demands of your friends, who are inclined as a church, to call 
you, as minister, in a decent and orderly manner. But you have 
scornfully rejected all our peaceable offers to come to an agree- 
ment, in the interests of peace and harmony. You have perse- 
vered obstinately in your usurped powers, and have intruded 
yourself, by a way which is not good, and according to your o^vn 
will into the service of the Lord; and are at the same time trans- 
gressing his commandments, while solemnly recommending them 
to his churches. 

We, therefore, as Overseers of God's flock, moved by holy 
earnestness, and by the jealousy of our souls, ecclesiastically pro- 
test, as we hereby do protest, against all your proceedings; and 
especially against the choice of a new Consistory; and in accord- 
ance with the duties of our office, we fraternally admonish you 
not to persevere in your undertaking, and especially not to install 
the persons thus nominated for the Consistory; that the Lords 
Holy Name be not profanely invoked over such unrighteous acts ; 
and that you yourself, if we should be compelled to proceed 
further ecclesiastically against you, may not be drawn into greater 



1630 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Thus done and resolved on, in onr Church Meeting, on the 
15th of February, 1Y06. In the name of the whole Consistory, 
Signed, Yincentius Antonides, 

Ecc. at Midwoud, etc. 
Joseph liegeman, 
Joris Hansens, 
Gerrit Stoothof, 
Agrees with the original, 

V. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwoud, etc. 
Gualtherus du Bois, Eccl. at New York. 
Henricus Beys, Y. D. M. at Kingstowne. 

To Stop the Oedination axd I:!^sTALLATio]sr or the Illegally 
Elected Coi^sistory : 

1706, Eeb. 16. 
Sir:— ■ ' 

Having been informed, that you have appointed new Elders and 
Deacons before those in office had served their usual time or had 
been regularly discharged, therefore I hereby order you not to 
proceed therein any farther, but to leave all matters concerning 
the Dutch congregation in Kings County in the same condition 
as you found them, until I shall have fully inquired into the case 
and shall judge it proper, to give other orders. 

Given under my hand, the 16th day of February 1705/6, 


To Mr. Bernardus Freerman, Minister of the Dutch congregation 
in Kings County, Long Island. 

Xew York, the 16th of February 1705/6. Translated from 
the original. Signed: Abrah. Gouverneur, Interpreter and 
Translator. .. 

Thus copied, agrees with the original. 

Y. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwout. 
Gualterus du Bois, Eccl. at 'New York. 
Henricus Beys, Y. D. M. at Kingstowne. 
[Retranslated from the Dutch translation.] 

OF TjiE State of I^E^Y York. 1631 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

The Consistory at IS^ew York. Circular Letter. Feb. 19, 1706. 

Port Folio " ^ew York ", Vol. i. . 

The Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church, at jS^ew York, 
to all truth-loving persons, Health and Salvation in Jesus 
Christ : 

Whereas to our great sorrow several have received a wrong 
impression as to what occurred in our Church-Assemhly, on ISTo- 
vember 19, 1705, between ourselves and Rev. Freerman, in con- 
nection mth the Consistory of IsTew Utrecht; we therefore find 
ourselves, on account of these things, obliged to show, in opposi- 
tion thereto, that we dealt with him in all love and friendship, 
and for the peace and unity of the Dutch churches on Long 
Island. We therefore make the following statement, with all its 
circumstantiality, of what was said on each side, and also what 
was finally decided on. • 

But in order to obtain a correct idea of the whole affair, we 
must at the outset give some account of a few matters: — 

(Kings County, Long Island.) 

Anno 1705, N^ovember 14th on a Wednesday evening, after 
sermon. Rev. (Gualtherus) du Bois informed his Consistory that 
on the Monday previous, on his coming from Catechising, two 
members of the Consistory of New Utrecht had requested him to 
install Rev. Freerman as their minister at New Utrecht: but 
that Rev. du Bois had answered them that he could not do this 
without the knowledge and consent of his Consistory, that all 
things might be done in a regular manner; and that for this pur- 
pose they should come into the City the following Monday and 
be on hand; so that, in case they were requested, they could 
appear before us. 


1632 Ecclesiastical Records 

Moreover, the Rev. du Bois asked his Consistory whether, for 
peace sake, although Rev. Freerman's call and certificate were 
not in all respects just what they should be, we should not over- 
look these things, especially that the proclamation of the Gospel 
and the extension of the Kingdom might not be hindered, etc. 

The following Monday, accordingly, was appointed for a meet- 
ing, which also took place. Olphert Sjoerts (Shurte, Shuart) a 
Deacon, was the only one absent. 

After the prayer was ended the following circumstances took 

1. Rev. Freerman and the Consistory of IsTew Utrecht were 
sent for, with the friendly request to come at once to us. They 
were, according to arrangement, near at hand. Meanwhile Rev. 
du Bois requested the Consistory to treat Rev. Freerman as 
politely as possible, even' if he could not, perhaps, show that 
everything was as regular as it should be. For it was our object 
to satisfy all the various friends on Long Island, so far as was 

In accordance with our invitation there came, together with 
the Consistory of ^N'ew Utrecht, the Rev. Freerman. He was 
seated near the Rev. du Bois, and was requested to hand over his 

This he did. It was read. It made mention only that he was 
to be minister at l^ew Utrecht. 

Thereupon his Consistory was asked whether this was the call 
they had made out upon Rev. Freerman. Three answered Yes; 
one kept still; and one, by the name of Jacques Cortelyou, an- 
swered that he had had nothing to do with it. Thereupon the 
Rev, Freerman asked him if he had any objections to it. He an- 
swered, 1^0. Rev. Freerman asked him then why he had not 
signed it? Kortelyou answered, that he wished to have nothing 
to do with the trouble, quarrel, or dispute. 

Besides this, little was said in the way of comment by the mem- 
bers present in regard to this call which had been read. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1633 

2. Subsequently, the Eev. rreerman was asked for his certifi- 
cate of dismissaL Thereupon he handed over a letter (note) 
stating that two persons testified that the Consistory of Schenec- 
tady would not give him a dismissal, but only because they 
wanted to keep him. This testimony was accepted as credible. 
The Rev. du Bois then said, that when a minister is regularly 
called to a place, his former congregation, from which he is about 
to depart, is not permitted to refuse him a certificate or dismissal, 
except for satisfactory reasons. Mr. Jacob Boelen, elder, then 
said, that anyhow, this certificate should have been something 
quite different; but Rev. Freerman said, that such a certificate 
was sufficient to travel around the whole world with. The Rev. 
du Bois replied, that properly speaking, this could not be called 
a dismissal at all, and if he (Freerman) were in Holland, it would 
not be considered at all valid; for a preacher, on leaving one 
congregation for another, should have both a certificate and a 
dismissal. In case the church he was leaving was unwilling to 
give these, without good reasons, then the Classis would attend to 
the matter. The Rev. Freerman answered, that when a domine 
had a certificate, this was enough. He thereby showed that he 
did not know what a dismissal was, and that he did not believe 
that such statement was true. Thereupon Rev. du Bois said, that 
he could show him, at his house, that such had taken place when 
his late father went from Gorinchem to Amsterdam, Rev. Freer- 
man answered in an angry frame of mind, as it appeared, or at 
least with an excited expression of face, that Rev. du Bois must 
not think that he was the Pope of Rome; that he had not come 
here to be catechised; his ofiice was to catechise others. Rev. 
du Bois replied: Mr. Freerman, he who comes before the Pope 
must kiss his feet, but I have placed you by my side, and ac- 
counted you my equal. Catechising consists in asking questions 
and answering them. Mr. Freerman the Consistory knows that 
you have left Schenectady because you would not be minister 



1634 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

there any longer. They do not wish to offend you, but were the 
case in Holland, I am sure it would not be valid. 

3. But the Consistory of the three villages of Breukelen, Flat- 
bush, and 'New Amersfoort, are now at hand. These have told 
us that you caused a paper to be read publicly before the congre- 
gation about which they are a little anxious: and they request 
that they may sp.eak to you about it in our presence. We there- 
fore ask you to be kind enough to hear them in our presence. 
Thereupon the Eev, Freerman became vehement. He said, I do 
not wish to hear them speak. I will have nothing to do "with 
them. The Rev. du Bois then answered Domine Freerman, if you 
are not willing to hear them speak, I cannot install you. Kev. 
Freerman answered, if you mil not install me, my voorlezer or 
Consistory can do it well enough. Rev. du Bois answered: but 
domine Freerman, How can you act so against your own interests? 
Why are you not willing to hear these people speak? What are 
the contents of that note? Rev. Freerman answered: I haven't 
it with me. It remains at Bushwick. But this is the substance 
of it: That the congregation was informed that Rev. Freerman 
was regularly called as minister to New Utrecht, together with 
the combined or neighboring churches; and, he continued, I 
wrote it in all simplicity. But what then, he was asked, was the 
meaning of those words, " together with the combined or neigh- 
boring churches ". Rev. Freerman said, I am pastor of New 
Utrecht. I have also a private contract with Bushwick; and 
Gravesend also contributes towards me. The question was then 
asked him. Do you consider yourself pastor also of Breukelen and 
Flatbush? or did this Consistory make a new call on you? He re- 
plied, No; but I wrote thus, because there are also some persons 
in Breukelen and Flatbush, who pay towards my salary (Call). 
Suppose there were some people in this city who wished to pay 
towards my salary. That is nobody else's business! Utrecht is 
my Paradise. There I shall be pastor, directly in the face of the 
three Consistories. Let them not have any idea that I desire to 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1635 


preach in their churches, unless they invite me in an ecclesias- 
tical manner. Well, said the Consistory, then you shall be in- 
stalled for ISTew Utrecht and no others. Thereupon did the 
Consistory of New Utrecht, and likewise Eev. Freerman at once 
depart, not wishing to hear the Consistories of the villages speak. 

All these things do we, the undersigned, the Consistory of the 
Dutch Eeformed Church of 'New York, declare, to have occurred 
at the time and place mentioned, according to our best knowledge, 
although not precisely word for word, but substantially. 

Actum at New York, February 19, 1Y05/6. 

Was signed, 

Gualtherus du Bois, V. D, M. ibidem. 

-r , ^ , - -_^, . Andrew Marschalk 

Leonard Hugh de Iviem ; ^, , -n , rri-ir, i 

_.. , _,°, I Elders, jfetor Van illburgh ^ Deacons. 

DircktenEyck f I. Verburg. | 

Isaac Kip J ^ -^ 

Anglican Church in Connecticut. 

A License to Rev. George Muirson to Baptize in Connecticut, Ap. 4, 1706. ' 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury etc. 

To Mr. George Muirson Minister of Rye etc. 

Whereas I am informed that severall persons in the Towns of Stamford Hertford 
and severall other places in the Colony of Connecticut have not been baptized by 
reason they have had no Church of England Minister among them and being now 
desireous to be baptized by such Minister I have therefore thought fltt & do 
hereby give and grant unto you the said George Muirson full and free Liberty leave 
and Lycense to visit those places and persons for the service aforesaid from 
time to time as often as you shall be thereunto requested by them. 

Given under my hand at fifort Anne in New Yorke this 4th day of April (1706.) — 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. lii. p. 565. 

Church of Kingston, N. Y. 

Copy of the power of attorney, given to Domine Beys, and 
others, by the Consistory of Esopus, April 8, 1706. 

D. M. 

Know all men hereby that We, the undersigned Elders and 
Deacons of the Dutch Eeformed Church at Kingstowne, in the 
County of Ulster, Province of ISTew York, have resolved as 

follows : 


1636 Ecclesiastical Records 

Eev. Henricus Beys was installed by the Eev. Classis of 
Amsterdam as minister of the said church, and arrived in the 
Province, at 'New York, on the first of January last, (1706). 
Some of the Elders, Col. Henricus Beeckman, Mr. Cornelius 
Cool and Capt. Egbert Schoonmaker were sent, immediately after 
the breaking up of the ice, to welcome said Domine Henricus 
Beys as their minister, and to bring him to Kingstowne. When 
said Domine Henricus Beys and the aforementioned Elders were 
ready to enter upon their journey, his Eeverence went mth Col. 
Henricus Beekman, on the 28th of February, to pay their dutiful 
respects to his Excellency, the Governor, my lord Cornbury, and 
thus to take leave courteously. 

When in the Governor's presence, the Governor was pleased to 
say to Col. Henricus Beekman, who was speaker, that Domine 
Henricus Beys, then present with him, must have a (civil) license 
to preach, before he could dismiss him. JSTevertheless, the said 
Domine Henricus Beys, on the very day of his arrival at 'New 
York, had paid his dutiful respects to his Excellency, together 
with Domine Antonides, by the kindness of Domine du Bois, and 
had then received as answer, that the minister of Esopus might 
leave at any time, by the first opportunity, for his destination; 
but he of Long Island, etc. — But now he said that all preachers 
were obliged to get his license, and no one should preach in his 
government without it. The Honorable Governor threatened to 
drive away and banish said Domine Henricus Beys from his 
government, if he should dare to ]3reach without his license, 
adding further that there was a law to that effect : — (His Secret 
Instructions.) But Domine Henricus Beys and his Elders 
thought that it was neither expedient nor advisable, in view of 
the privileges, laws and ancient customs of the Church, ever to 
accept of the license in the form in which it was drawn up. 

Domine Beys and the Elders, after due deliberation, addressed 
themselves to several prominent inhabitants of New York, men 
who were most conversant with ecclesiastical and civil law, for 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1637 

the purpose of getting advice how to act in this unheard of busi- 
ness, and avoid further eviL Otherwise all Dutch ministera 
would always be in the same condition of dependence on the 
pleasure and will of his Excellency, the Governor, if they ac- 
cepted said license. This was moreover contrary to the laws and 
acts of Parliament passed in the time of King William, and in 
opposition to the ancient customs of this ISTational Dutch Church. 
The brethren in Kew York fully agreed with us herein, and took 
this case, as well as the general concerns of our National Dutch 
Church greatly to heart. For some days following, the brethren 
at 'New York, together with Domine Beys and the Elders, were 
arranging by promises and engagements, to make efforts for the 
promotion of the common welfare of the National Dutch Re- 
formed Church, during our absence, (in Kingston), and to inform 
said Domine Beys and Consistory of everything, as opportunity 
offered. Thereupon his Reverence, etc. came on their journey to 
this place. Here they were joyfully received on the 10th of 
March last (1706). On the other hand the people were grieved to 
learn of the occurrence between his Reverence and his Excellency, 
the Governor. 

But after our departure from ISTew York, the brethren there, 
notwithstanding their "promises and engagements, could do 
nothing; or at least nothing was communicated to Domine Beys 
or the Consistory. The people of Kingstowne and all of us are 
very much confounded and puzzled about it. Therefore, We, the 
Elders and Deacons, convened in church council, have thought it 
advisable and have resolved to authorize, constitute and fully 
empower, as we do herewith, the Rev. Henricus Beys, mini ster, 
and Mr. Tennis Elisse, Elder, to transport themselves, in the 
service of said church, to New York, and use all means, to have 
permission given to his Reverence, that, pursuant to his call, he 
may attend to his clerical duties without obstruction, as his prede- 
cessors here have done; with further power and authority for his 
Reverence and the Elder aforesaid, to engage and authorize one 



1638 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

or more individuals, to be joined with themselves, in advancing 
whatever may concern his Reverence, etc., as well as the best 
interests of our said church. 

And we hereby promise that we will always approve and ratif;^ 
all that may be done to this end, by his Reverence and the said 
Elder, and their (legal) representatives, in virtue of this com- 
mission. — And We, the undersigned, further promise, at all 
times to sustain his Reverence, and to relieve him of all expenses 
and losses which may be imposed upon him by any one, either in 
reference to himself personally, or his office, or his property, 
while he is seeking to advance the common weKare, (freedom of) 
worship, and edification of this church; or in defending the 
privileges and rights of the Reformed ISTational Church in this 
country, and the commission given him by the Classis of 

In token of doing all this, signed at Kingston, by, us, on this 
8th day of April, 1706. 

Henricus Beekman, . Cornelius Cool, 

Egbert Schoonmaker, Coenraat Elmendorph, 

Hans Kierstede, Johannes Schepmoes. 

Jacobus du Bois, 

We certify that this copy agrees with the original, word for 


Gualtherus du Bois. 

Vincentius Antonides. 

Henricus Beys. 

Done at iTew York, 

May 28th, 1Y06. 

OF THE State of New York. 1639 

Allusioj^ to the Old Lutheran" Church, April 13th, 1706. 

In 1706 the following entry was made in the common council minutes relating 
to another of these bridges. 

'* The petition of William Hogen relating ye bridge by ye Lutheran church being 
much out of repair desyreing that ye Common Council will take ye same into 
there wise considration that ye bridge be repaired. It is 

" Resolved that in convenient time ye same shall be made sufficient to passe 
and repasse without danger." 

The Lutheran Church alluded to occupied the ground of the Market house in 
South Pearl street, and its burial ground was the site of the vegetable market 
adjoining. Pearl street, for a century after this, was but a lane, many persons 
now living remembering when a gate swung across it at State street. 

On the 13th of April, 1706, the following record was made in the common council 

" As to ye Bridge towards ye Lutheran church, Mr. Hansen is agreed to make 
a sufficient and strong new bridge, laid with good plank two inches thick, where- 
fore he is to receive ye five pounds ten shillings due from Evert Janse." — Muusell's 
Annals of Albany, Vol. viii. 175, and x. p. 168. 

Churches in Kings County, Long Island. 

1706, April 22. Historical account of what occurred in our con- 
gregation, concerning the call of a Minister, after the death 
of Domine Lupardus, in 1702. 

1. After the death of Domine Lupardus, his Excellency, my 
Lord Corenbury, in accordance with an old custom, was informed 
that we were intending to issue a call for a minister from Hol- 
land. This was received in a very friendly manner by him. 

2. Meanwhile Domine Bernhardus Freerman, minister at 
Schenectady, by earnest solicitations and intrigues, had stirred 
up many in our congregation to call him, as minister for this 
congregation. Thereby we were prevented from despatching our 
call to Holland, according to the previous resolution of the Con- 
sistory. Many members of our congregation, who are contribu- 
tors to the minister's salary, were favorably inclined towards 
Domine Freerman, and we were compelled to gratify their desire, 
and, change our ideas and intentions, in order to issue a call to 
Domine Freerman. But as he was in the service of the govern- 
ment as teacher of Indians, we did not dare to call him, without 
first requesting permission from his Excellency my Lord Coren- 
bury. We accordingly resolved to make such a request. 



1640 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

3. But when we presented our petition, it was refused by 
his Excellencj. He gave as his reason, that Domine Freerman 
would he in no way useful to us, for he was a seditious and 
quarrelsome person with all with whom he had any dealings; that 
he would soon create uneasiness, discord and quarrels in our con- 
gregation, which was now quiet and in peace. All this may be 
seen in the enclosed answer given to our petition, in his Excel- 
lency's o^vn handwriting. It is marked A. 

His Excellency has also verbally and earnestly urged these 
Teasons upon us several times. 

4. Meanwhile we were still hindered by some persons, who 
were very persistent for Domine Freerman, from sending our call 
to Holland. They were so urgent in their desire to have Domine 
Ereerman as minister, that they compelled us, for the sake of 
maintaining harmony and peace, to renew our petition to his 
Excellency, and once more to ask, that his Excellency, at our 
urgent request, would allow us to call Domine Freerman. 

At last he consented, adding that we might look out how to 
get along with him. 

5. After receiving this permission, we issued a call to Domine 
Ereerman on the same conditions, as in our call, which was sub- 
sequently sent to Holland. 

6. Upon receipt of this, our call, Domine Freerman notified 
his Consistory, that he would accept it and go. He asked for 
his dismission and the usual certificate (of character). These 
were refused him. The Consistory there (Schenectady) asked 
him to think whether he had sufficiently considered the condi- 
tions stipulated in said letter of call. Domine Freerman replied 
that he had well considered them, but he would go, nevertheless. 
He trusted that the conditions would be made better after he 
was there; and so he preached his valedictory sermon. 

7. The Consistory of Schenectady then made a special offer 
to him to induce him to remain there. They would increase his 
salary to one hundred and twenty five pounds, on condition, that 

OF THE State of New York. 1641 

he should remain among; them until notice of this action had 
been given to the Long Island people; and a proposition made 
to them, asking them whether they would give the same salary, 
and stand by certain other conditions which Domine Freerman 
would submit to them. If they consented to these conditions 
they should have him, (be the next.) His Eeverence agreed to 
this, and he made such new arrangements with his Consistory 
after he had preached his valedictory sermon. 

8. When Domine Treerman had given his consent, the Con- 
sistory of Schenectady made a new call to him, which, under the 
above stated conditions, was accepted by him. 

9. Domine Freerman wrote us this, when we were daily ex- 
pecting to receive him among us. He laid before us these new 
conditions to which we were to submit, before he would come to 
us. The principal one was, that he should not be bound to the 
Classis of Amsterdam. This was rejected by us, and we informed 
his Reverence thereof in our answer; that we could not agree to 
the conditions as proposed by him. Thus he was obliged to 
remain, by virtue of the new call, as the minister of the congre- 
gation there. All this is clearly proved by a letter, written by 
his ovm hand, and herein enclosed, marked B. 

10. Our congregation was now satisfied, and most of them 
were glad. We made out then, our call to Holland. We were 
not a little delighted when we received news that a minister had 
been called for us; and we were expecting him, according to the 

11. We were thus at rest, and with great longings we were 
looking forward to, and awaiting the arrival of our newly called 
minister. But about four months before his arrival, Domine 
Freerman came down for his marriage, and now again he created 
a commotion in our congregation. His newly married wife was 
not inclined to go up north with him. And he knew how by evil 
and unworthy means, to bring it about, that a call should be 
made on him by New Utrecht. It was made however, in such 


1642 EccLEsiASTicAi. Kecokds 

a way, that many in our congregation, again stirred up by him in 
an underhanded manner, promised to contribute to his salary. 
He acted, indeed, in a very deceitful manner about this call, and 
the installation of himself thereby; for he desired to intrude 
himseK as minister in our congregation also. We, however, 
with the Consistory of New York carefully guarded against this. 

12. He was finally installed as minister of New Utrecht; and, 
be it remembered, only of New Utrecht. According to his let- 
ter of call he was obliged, as minister of New Utrecht, to preach 
to that congregation twice every Sunday; and no other congre- 
gation was mentioned. He preached at New Utrecht, and ac- 
cording to a private agreement, also at Bushwick, without doing 
us any detriment; nor was it possible to do any. If now and 
then he was spoken to by some one, about preaching in our con- 
gregations also, which he continually wanted to do; yet he had, 
as it seemed, the willingness and politeness often to admonish us, 
that we must keep our church ready for our coming minister. 
But how insincerely and deceitfully he acted herein, the outcome 
will show. 

13. Thus things went on. We did not imagine nor fear any 
evil, until our long expected minister, Domine Antonides, ar- 
rived, on New Year's Day, the 1st of January 1706, O. S. We 
were filled with very great joy, but this was soon changed to 
painful sorrow. For when, immediately after the arrival of his 
Reverence, we went with him to his Excellency, Lord Corenbury, 
to pay our dutiful respects, we received, to our great surprise, 
the distressing answer, that his Excellency was not willing that 
Domine Antonides should enter on his duties on Long Island, 
as a minister was already there. His Excellency did not want 
Dutch Ministers too rapidly to increase, and multiply in numbers. 
We were obliged to withdraw, with this uncomfortable and soul- 
piercing answer. 

14. We soon learned the cause of this misfortune. As soon 
as it was known that Captain Jeffers ship, — upon which we were 

OF THE State of IN'ew York. 1643 

informed our minister and the minister for Esopus, were — was 
at the wharf, and was unlading, Domine Freerman immediately 
went to his Excellency, Lord Corenbury, and asked him to give 
him a license to be minister of the four villages on Long Island, 
ISTew Utrecht, Boswyck, Midwout and Breukelen. This license 
he obtained directly after the arrival of Domine Antonides. It 
was on account of this license already given, that Antonides was 
refused. Domine Freerman was, by this same license from his 
Excellency, appointed minister of the above named villages. See 
the tenor of the license, literally copied from the minutes, and 
here enclosed, marked C. 

15. Some of our old, respectable, and best-disposed members 
of our congregation, and with them, We, as the Consistory, 
protested against this action. We reduced our protest to writ- 
ing, and sent it to Domine Freerman. He, however, paid no 
attention to it, rather ridiculed it, and obstinately persevered. 
He relied on his license, the order and the authority from his 
Excellency. He did not ever condescend to give us an answer, 
either verbally or in writing. But he said to the committee 
from the members who handed him the Protest, that he had not 
found any Consistory in existence, and therefore he would select 
one to suit himself. Thus he scornfully rejected us, who had 
attended to these duties more than two years; although the Con- 
sistory of ISTew Utrecht is considered legal by him, but who have 
been in office equally long. The Protests are here enclosed, 
marked D & E. 

16. He would have installed this Consistory — selected by 
himself, notwithstanding he saw the illegality of it, and against 
which a protest had been raised — although thereby dissensions, 
quarrels and ruptures would have been caused, and which would 
have been irreparable; but the Justices of the Peace, or the 
Vreede Eegters of our County or District, perceiving the racket, 
exposed the irregularity and risks involved in this case, to his 


16-±4: Ecclesiastical, Records 

Excellency, Lord Corenbury. Accordingly, he, by bis order, 
marked H, so far stopped and prevented tbe installation. 

17. To give to bis evil proceedings some appearance of pro- 
priety among tbe ignorant and simple, Domine Ereerman now 
dared to appeal to tbe first call sent to bim by us. He stated tbat 
be bad come down on tbat call, and must be our minister. But 
everybody wbose judgment was unwarped, and wbo carefully 
considered tbe case, saw wbat an unfounded, vain and maliciously 
conceived pretense tbis was. 

1. Tbe contrary is evident by tbe accompanying letter, alluded 
to above, and marked B. 

2. Eor two years after tbat call be did duty at Scbenectady, 
drawing tbe increased salary, as promised to bim under tbe new 

3. It was specially stipulated in tbe first call tbat be sbould 
submit to tbe Classis of Amsterdam; but tbis is now not only 
rejected, but treated witb contempt, and ridiculed by bim. 

4. Tbe acceptance of tbe call to New Utrecbt, wbicb was 
subsequently made upon bim, declares, tbat tbe first call made 
to bim by us was annulled. 

5. !New Amersfoort was included in tbe first call; but it is 
now excluded because bis license does not reacb so far. 

6. He contradicts bimself wben be appeals to tbe letter of 
permit or license, from bis Excellency Lord Cornbury. He pre- 
tends tbat tbe Governor alone bas tbe power to constitute min- 
isters bere, and witbout any Classis of Amsterdam; tbat we bave 
bere (no) liberty of conscience, as be declared to Domine Beys 
in my presence, and in tbe presence of many otber friends. Of 
tbis, if it were necessary, sufficient proofs could be given. 

18. By asldng for and accepting of tbis license, by virtue of 
wbicb be boasted tbat be alone is minister bere, Domine Ereer- 
man bas accomplisbed just tbis; tbat bis Excellency will not 
suffer anyone to be a minister witbout bis license, and tben only 
so long as bis Excellency pleases. He does not want any one 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1645 

to preach without his permission, or if any one should dare to 
do so, he is to be banished from his government. His Excel- 
lency threatened this to Domine Beys, and said that he did not 
recognize any call by the Classis of Amsterdam. Domine Freer- 
man knew enough to predict all this to us, saying — there was 
no liberty of conscience. He who had prepared the way for it, 
Imew where the interests of God's Church had been carried, and 
therefore how it was then standing. 

19. It has therefore happened that Domine Beis, the minister 
of Esopus, has not yet preached in his congregation, because he 
has been forbidden to do so without a license, under severe 
threats. Domine Antonides preaches, indeed, in our congrega- 
tions, having been located as our minister in our parsonage; but 
he does this "without the written order of his Excellency, and we 
are full of care and apprehension, lest possibly he may be inter- 
fered with. Domine Freerman strenuously works to that end, 
and when the preaching turns at Midwout and Breukelen fall 
together, Domine Antonides must always give place to Domine 
Freerman, who boldly relies upon his license, and boasts that he 
is the only legal minister, being under the authority of Lord 

Thus done and declared in our church-meeting, this 22nd of 
April 1706. 

In the name and by order of the Consistory, 
Joseph Hegeman, Daniel Rapalye, Gerret Stoothoff. 
Witness : 

V. Antonides, Eccl. at Midwoud, etc. .. 


1646 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Consistories of ISTew York, Kingstown, Midwoud, Amers- 
foort, and Breukelen, to the Classis of Amsterdam, May 23, 


Portfolio " 'New York ", Vol. i. 

(Addressed : To the Much Esteemed, Pious, and Highly Learned 
Sirs, Fathers and Brethren in Jesus Christ Constituting the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam.) 

Highly Learned Sirs, and Brethren in Jesus Christ: 

It was to me and my Consistory of ISTew York a singular 
pleasure, to learn of the faithful-hearted and unwearying zeal 
which the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam had exercised, in providing 
two praiseworthy and learned ministers, for the two congregations 
of Long Island and Ejngstowne. Also, that the Classis had been 
pleased to take into consideration any statements about several 
rising clouds of difficulties, which prophesied nothing less than 
every kind of misfortune. They appeared to be generated in order 
to hasten the ruin of the hitherto flourishing condition of the 
Dutch Churches in these regions. We heartily thank the Rev. 
Assembly for the careful love and affection, which it manifests 
for the well being of these churches. 

(Arrival of Antonides and Beis.) 

But we were still more rejoiced when on the first of January 
Anno 1706, O. S., Rev. Antonides and all his family, and Rev. 
Beis, landed at ISTew York, all in good health. We received them 
with the greatest gladness and with open arms of fraternal 

With little delay I went with both these ministers, and the Con- 
sistory of Elatbush, to his Excellency, our Governor, my Lord 
.Cornbury, in order to offer our services to his Honor, and to in- 

OF THE State of New York. 1647 

form him of the arrival of these ministers, and as proper subjects, 
to yield him all dutiful obedience. 

(Rudeness of Combury.) 

But what evil, rude, and utterly insulting treatment we re- 
ceived, and what a soul-harrowing response, and that in the 
presence of all his suite, the Classis will learn to its great grief, 
in addition to our own, from the accompanying papers. Therein, 
too, the Classis is clearly shown not only this sad encounter, but 
also the cause of it. 

(The Installation of Freerman at 'New Utrecht.) 

Among other things, the Rev. Classis will perceive that the Rev. 
Freerman, on the strength of a certain call to New Utrecht, was 
installed by me there. In what manner he came by this call and 
the artful conduct which he employed at the beginning, were not 
at all known to us then. It was therefore approved by the Con- 
sistory of New York, and the installation decided on. All this 
is to be discovered from the said papers. 

The Rev. Assembly may be assured, that I went on to do this 
only with the greatest caution, and more than once I had most 
careful consultations with the principal persons of this province. 
I did nothing until Rev. Freerman had promised me again and 
again that he would certainly join himself to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam. To do this, Mr. Van Wesel had also advised him, 
in writing ; and he had, for that purpose, asked me to write a note 
of recommendation for him to the Classis, and state that he. Rev. 
Freerman, did not desire to, nor would he in any way work to 
the injury of the coming pastor of Long Island. 

If all the villages, after the arrival of the preacher from Hol- 
land, had been inclined to have both ministers at once, and to 
support them both, he would have let himself enter into such an 
arrangement. He would have caused a call to be made upon him- 
self by the people of Breukelen, Flatbush and New Amersfoort; 


1648 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


and he would also have taken care that there should have been a 
call from those of 'New Utrecht and Bushwick on Mr. Antonides: 
or otherwise, if this could not have been done, he would have con- 
tented himself with ISTew Utrecht and Bushwick alone. This is to 
be seen from the explanation of the Consistory of ISTew York. 

Upon such, and such-like professions by Rev. Freerman, and 
with several promises, together with the giving of the hand that 
he should do nothing but that which was perfectly ecclesiastical, 
and in agreement with Church-Order, he was installed by me at 
New Utrecht, in accordance with the call confining him to New 
Utrecht only; to preach there twice on Sundays. 

It is true that he had drawn up a note and had let himself be 
announced as pastor of New Utrecht and the combined churches ; 
but how this was disapproved of appears from the explanation of 
the Consistory of New York. I declared in particular, in the 
presence of several, when I went to New Utrecht with one of my 
•elders named Leonard Hugh de Klein, that the note which he, 
IRev. Freerrnan, had caused to be read, was not correct because it 
was not in agreement with the call ; and therefore that I would 
have nothing to do with it ; that I would not install Rev. Freermaa 
except for iSTew Utrecht alone ; and that if those who stood about 
me, desired it otherwise, I should go back to where I came from. 
Thereupon Rev. Freenuan coming in, after many arguments, said, 
Preach, and say in the pulpit what seems good to you, I am sure 
you will preach no heresy, but do not affront me before all the 
people. Do allow the note to be read. Thereupon I said, I do 
not wish to read it. Well, answered Rev. Freerman, then I will 
have it read by the Voorlezer. You may if you want to, I an- 
swered, there is no heresy in it, but neither does it give you any 
rights. However I shall not install you except for ISTew Utrecht. 
Rev. Freerman himself acknowledged to my elder, with whom 
he spoke aside, that I really could not do otherwise. He added 
thereto, You see the thronging multitude, how can I help it. 

OF THE State of New York. 1649 

Thereupon I went into the pnlpit, and told the congregation 
three or four times during the course of my sermon and in the 
conchision, (in my Proposition and Application), that I was in- 
stalling Rev. Freerman for ISTew Utrecht alone, in accordance 
with the contents of the Call, shown to me and my Consistory, 
and in accordance with the request of the Consistory of !New 
Utrecht; for this Consistory alone had requested this installation, 
as appears from the explanation. Thus Rev. Treerman and all 
those who were in the church must testify, if they are willing to 
tell the truth. ' 

Thus it may be seen how I and my Consistory came to do this. 
Aside from all the preceding circumstances, which indicate the 
way in which we came to do it; and that he at that time had on 
his side a great part even of my congregation, and among them 
also some prominent members, who saw no evil in him : we did it 
for no other reason than to bind Rev. Freerman the more strongly 
to the Church-Order, and if possible to keep him within the bounds 
of all justice. 

For did he not say, if I would not do it, that he would ask the 
pastor of Akkinsak (Hackensack), Rev. Gilliam Bertholf, who 
belonged to the Classis of Walcheren (Middelburg) to do it; or 
if he would not do it, he would have it done by his elder, or by 
his Voorlezer ? Therefore this (installation) was performed by 
me, not so much out of regard for the person of Rev. Freerman — 
who was at that time not yet suspected by us of such tricks as 
constantly making promises to adhere to the Church discipline; 
but we had in view only the honor and glory of God, and the 
edification and peace of the churches. We were seeking not to 
offend the Dutch preachers in this distant region, although every- 
thing might not be precisely regular; and especially did we thus 
act, because we feared that the English 2:)reachers here would seek 
to do nothing less. This also was the advice of the pastor of 
Hackensack, (Bertholf) a very honorable and pious man, with 
whom we had more than once consulted about this in writing. 

1650 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

But all these precautionary circumstances amounted to very 
little ; for now Rev. Freerman practically repudiates the installa- 
tion itself, and appeals only to the license of my Lord (Cornbury) 
as he himself calls it, by which he was appointed the minister. 

From all this appear not only the artful actions of Rev. Freer- 
man, but also the sad condition of the Long Island (Kings County) 
congregation ; the evil, as well as artful actions of Rev. Freer- 
man, I say, and in which he yet continues ; for the evil character 
of his actions is as manifest as sunshine. ISTeither he nor his fol- 
lowers have deigned to answer us in regard to an offer, in writing, 
to make peace, shortly after Mr. Antonides landed — and which 
offer is to he found among the accompanying documents. So he 
perseveres in his course. He says that he cannot enter upon any 
equal terms of peace with the Consistory of the three villages^ 
nor with Mr. Antonides, unless Mr. Antonides also takes out a 
license (from the Governor) ; while at the same time he very well 
knows that my Lord (Cornbury) is unwilling to give him a license, 
and has refused to grant him his request. Indeed, he lets it be 
announced daily that he will prevent him (stand in his way). 
Also Mr. Freerman has said to me and both the other preachers,^ 
that my lord intends to come to Long Island in a week or two, and 
will then settle affairs finally ; at any rate that he, Mr. Freerman^ 
can do nothing without communication with his Excellency. 

Besides that, this would be no small proof, in connection with 
what the other documents state, of his artful dealings, if it be true 
as we have heard, and which we do not doubt, to wit: That the 
contract of the church of Schenectady with Rev. Freerman was, 
that he would not leave his place there, unless the people of Long- 
Island would also promise to give him a hundred and twenty five 
pounds. It is time this sum is in the call from New Utrecht ; but, 
aside from the call, there is said to be another private contract, 
whereby they are not bound to give him more than a hundred and 
twelve pounds and ten shillings. But surely this is not honest. 

The Rev. Assembly cannot fail to notice from all this how sadly 

OF THE State of New York. 1651 

the Long Island Church is despoiled, and how miserable is its 
condition, continuing, as it does, thus deplorably rent in twain. 
The heads of the faction of Rev. Freerman, seem irrefragably 
attached to his side; and they have set themselves, out of pure 
passionateness, against the Consistory, as we have heard ; and have 
bound themselves by a sealed pledge to contribute Rev. Freerman's 
salary. And then besides that, shortly, as it is said, his Excel- 
lency intends to send one or two English preachers to this congre- 
gation ; although there are no people, so far as I know, living in 
the three villages, who do not belong to the (Dutch) congregation. 
This account, I think, together with the accompanying papers, 
will afford the Rev. Assembly a sufficient view, not only of the 
lamentable situation of the congregation in general, which is col- 
lected on Long Island ; but in particular, what distress and grief 
this division must bring to Mr. Antonides and all his household, 
separated as they are, in so distant a region, from all his kindred ; 
yea, what a constant anxiety must it be, when one has no assurance 
that he is settled permanently. 

(ISTew Albany) 

It is not my purpose to state the condition in which the church 
of I*Tew Albany finds itself. I know nothing otherwise than that 
it is in a condition of peace. It would be most proper that Rev, 
Lydius, whom I have not seen nor spoken to now for a long time, 
should write to Rev. Classis; and also about the now pastorless 
church of Schenectady, as he is located nearest to it, and which 
occasionally enjoys his services. This church is inclined and 
ready to invite a minister from the Fatherland, but waits only the 
action and aid of the Rev. Classis, as we learn from an elder of 
that church of the name of Schermerhorn. The same is true also 
of other churches, which are constantly growing greatly, and which 
are able to support ministers. 

1652 Ecclesiastical Recokds 


Of greater importance is it to report at present what you need 
to know regarding the ecclesiastical affairs of the Esopiis com- 
mnnity, and how it has fared with Mr. Beis since his arrival. 

I would have to compose quite a recital about this, were it not 
that Mr. Beis sends over wdth his " Journal " all that has hap- 
peoied to him hitherto. I refer you to this. It all comes down to 
this — that, notwithstanding his Excellency said at the first inter- 
view with Mr. Beis, — the minister of Esopus may proceed on 
his journey, or go to his post; yet His Highness afterwards de- 
sired that this should not take place, until he accepted a license 
(from him) in the same maimer as Eev. Ereerman had done; the 
copy whereof is to be found among the papers ; or if he should 
refuse, and should dare to presume to preach without it, his Ex- 
cellency would banish him from the province. It is because of the 
character of the contents of this license, that it is deemed so un- 
acceptable; for it prepares the way for a complete overthrow of 
the Dutch churches in these regions. To this must be added the 
fact that such license was never before required by any Governor 
in reference to Dutch ministers. The churches in this province, 
if any of them were in need of a minister, and one was to be 
invited from Holland through the Classis, have usually simply 
given notice thereof previously to the Hon. Governor, but in no 
other sense than as a compliment and a token of politeness. This 
is to be seen from the paper on the " State of the Dutch Church 
in the Province of ISTew York ", now sent to you. Tea, sometimes 
they have even invited a minister without giving any notice thereof 
whatever to the Governor. This has also happened within the 
term of the Government of my Lord Combury ; for there came to 
this city both a French and a Lutheran minister, but neither of 
them, as has been learned, ever received any such license. 

Although certain good friends, to wit, two of the High Council 
of the Governor, in the name of our ministers, assured him that 
they (the Dutch ministers) were well disposed men, and would 

OF THE State of jSTew York. 1653 

show by their deeds that they would act as decent subjects of the 
realm ; yea, also, if there was nothing else to do, that they would 
accept a license, but such a one as accorded with their freedom of 
conscience, whereof a draft is to be found among the papers of 
Kev. Beis — it was all in vain. His Excellency abides by his 
spoken threat; but so also do Rev. Beis and his Consistory, and 
Mr. Antonides and his Consistory, abide by this determination, — 
not (to accept) such a license as Freerman received. They prefer 
to let the services go, for the tiiue being, and await intervention, 
through the aid and intercession of the Rev. Classis (to the 
English Crown), from England herself. They await this effort, 
so far as may be proper ; and the good counsel of the Classis. 

So the people of Esopus are indeed provided with a pastor, over 
whose arrival they were greatly rejoiced, but to their sorrow, they 
remain deprived of his public ser\dces. How distressing this is 
to them, and how great the grief caused to them thereby, who are 
hungering and thirsting for spiritual food and drink, every one 
can sufSciently imagine for himself. And then also, both these 
ministers. Rev. Beis and Mr. Antonides, separated as they are 
from their friends and relatives, in this far-off region, deplore 
their coming over. Both preachers are uncertain as to the out- 
come of all these hard and bitter experiences. They are compelled 
to await with all patience whatever good the Rev. Classis shall be 
able to effect for the Dutch Church of 'New I^etherlaiid. 

(Rev. Du Bois and ISTew York.) 

But, Rev. Assembly, it is also necessary to give you information 
of some matters regarding my own doings and the condition of 
my congregation. Under God's blessing, I am keeping on with 
my work in good health until this present day, according to the 
measure of the gifts granted me by God. I am also compelled at 
the present time to allow the compendium of " True Christian 
Doctrine " based on the Heidelberg Catechism, to be printed in 
this wise, as is to be seen from the accompanying copy. The reason 

1654 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

for it is expressed in the Preface; with, my submission of it to 
the judgement of both the ministers as may be seen from their 
testimony, even as by these presents I submit the same to that of 
the whole Classis. I will trust that I give the Kev. Assembly no 
cause for displeasure. 

As to the state of my congregation, I can, generally speaking, 
say nothing else than that hitherto, according to all external ap- 
pearances, it abides in quietness and peace. However there are 
those who, from a special zeal for Rev. Freerman, sow here and 
there their seed of dissension. They either try to defend the 
action of Freerman himself, or at least to excuse it. They wonder- 
fully exalt him, and make the people believe that since we are so 
far off from the Classis of Amsterdam or any other Classis in 
Holland, that we have no transactions with the same. This is 
done without doubt, at the instigation of Freerman. We have 
heard that he himself talks this ever^-w^here, and so causes the 
church discipline in many points, to be despised. He j)retends 
that that only is the church discipline, which the congregation and 
the Consistory deem necessary He thus evidently tries to render 
the Consistory powerless with the congregation in its various tranb- 
actions. For this reason, also, many here, for the least cause, 
take occasion to oppose the Consistory at times. The distressing 
experiences of the ministers just come over also not a little con- 
tribute to this. 

It is true there is a Dutch Schoolmaster in the State, but we 
have use for another and still more, of greater qualifications. Our 
Voorlezer has made request in writing twice for this addition ; and 
others with great urgency have insisted on it; but they were not 
able to secure anything. 

If things are to proceed in this fashion, practically holding back 
the training schools of the Dutch, in which alone our children 
could be educated in our religion, is not the hope of expecting a 
rich harvest and fruitage destroyed ? Will not the churches neces- 
sarily in the course of time decline, and our labors in many 
respects be found fruitless ? 

OF THE State of ]^ew York. 1655 

Botli the ministers, Antonides and Beis, and with whom I agree, 
deem it not inadvisable to hold a fraternal gathering once a year 
of all the Dutch (Dujtsche) ministers of this province; not so 
much for the purpose of discussing every ecclesiastical dispute 
that may come up, which would be impracticable for us ; but more 
particularly thereby to confirm our fraternal unity; to devise 
schemes for all imaginable prosperity for the churches, and to 
maintain a continuous correspondence with the Rev, Classis. Rev. 
Bartholf , to whom we spoke about this matter, gave us for answer : 
That although he belonged to the Classis of Walcheren, (in Zee- 
land), nevertheless he was much disposed towards such a thing. 
We have no doubt of Rev. Lydius either. When we have ascer- 
tained the judgement of Classis about this matter, we will act 

ITow even as the Rev. Assembly has clearly seen from all this, 
the lamentable condition of these congregations, as has been so 
often reiterated ; and that our aim in writing so much is only to 
request the aid and intercession of Classis to effect the requisite 
restoration with all the diligence possible ; therefore we have 
caused the Rev. Classis to receive a Paper in which there is in- 
dicated "A complete view of the origin, progress, freedom, and 
hitherto flourishing condition of these churches ; but their present 
tendency towards ruin ". Therein we further request the Rev. 
Classis to please to effect for us all that is necessary, and as quickly 
as possible, for our restoration, and in such a way as has been 
proposed ; of all of which the Rev. Classis shall be the judge. 

So also by these presents, we beg you with all importunity, yet 
with humility, to take to heart our very pressing and excessively 
embarrassing condition, at the very first opportunity; for upon 
the result of your aid and intercession, under God's Providence, 
depends our restoration; or by default thereof depends the prob- 
able ruin of all these churches. We hope to be able to exercise our 
office here with joy; yet we fear that we may have to hand back 
our commissions to you, and be compelled to deposit them upon 
your Classical table. 


1656 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

For the carrying into effect of what may be necessary in regard 
to all this, we have transmitted by draft nine hundred guilders, 
Holland money. This the Messrs. Schulting, van Ostrom, and 
Bomble will receive, and will pay over as may be needed. We 
do not think that it will be necessary to spend exactly all this 
amount, but if necessary, let it go. We also request that care be 
taken, that in addition to the answer of the Rev. Classis, at some 
time a proper account may be rendered of the outlay of these 
moneys, for the satisfaction of the several Consistories of the 
churches. We are of the opinion that by far the greater portion 
of it will have to be employed in England ; but everything will be 
shown by the event. 

Depending upon this, and awaiting with patience the outcome of 
this affair and praying God that He will bless your good efforts, 
as well as your Assembly, persons, and offices, to the magnifying 
of His name, the upbuilding of God's church, and the winning and 
saving of many souls, we remain, etc., etc. 

Post Scriptum to the Reverend Classis of Amsterdam. 

We, the undersigned, request the Reverend Assembly carefully 
to preserve all these accompanying papers, in order that the same 
may not come into the hands of any persons who might maliciously 
seek to misrepresent them., to cause us if possible, further trouble. 
For there are even now certain members of our churches, such as 
praise and defend Rev. Ereerman in all the acts he has committed, 
who do not scruple to say publicly, upon a bare suspicion, and 
without any grounds, that it is out of pure obstinacy that we keep 
ourselves disobedient and rebellious towards the Governor and 
his administration ; whereas. Rev. Ereerman, as they pretend, sub- 
jects himself with every token of obedience to his Excellency. 
But notwithstanding all these documents now sent over — declara- 
tions, complaints and petitions — we desire to excite in no one, 
any just suspicions that we would antagonize, or that we think of 
antagonizing any of the laws of England. Therefore we declare 

OF THE State of New York. 1657 


by these presents, that we have in view only, as is clearly to be 

seen from the contents of all our writings, to secnre just means 

whereby, nnder God's blessing, we may exercise unhindered, the 

liberty of our conscience, and enjoy our Eeformed Eeligion in 

accordance with the discipline of the Dutch Churches of the United 

Provinces ; and we aver that we desire and shall conduct ourselves 

as proper subjects of the Kingdom of England, according to the 

laws established therein. Farewell. 

Actum at Xew York May 28, 1706. 

Was signed: In the name and by order of the Consistory of 
the Dutch Eeformed Church of ISTew York, 

Gualtherus du Bois, Ecclesiastes ibidem. 

In the name and by order of the Consistory of the Dutch. 
Eeformed Church, Midwoud, Breukelen and Amersfoort, 

rv. Antonides, M. Sacr. ibidem. 

In the name and by order of the Consistory of Kingstown, 

Henricus Beis, Y.D.M. ibidem. 

State of the Dutch Churches in the Province of !N'ew 
York, ]\Iay 24, 1706. 

This Province was first planted and settled by the Dutch 
West India Company, pursuant to the Charter (Privilege) 
granted to them by their High Mightinesses, the Lords States 
General of the United Provinces. 

The Dutch churches in said Province, established by said 
West India Company and the ministers, have always been de- 
pendent upon the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam. This relation 
continued down to the year 1664, when said Province was sur- 
rendered to the Crown of England under the terms of a special 
capitulation. In this there was expressly stipulated and granted, 
as follows: 

Art. 2. All public buildings shall continue in the same uses as 


1658 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Art. 8. The Dutcli here shall retain and enjoy liberty of 
conscience and their own church discipline. 

Art. 12. All public documents and records, concerning inherit- 
ances, whether under church administration by the deacons, or 
under the orphan-masters, shall be carefully preserved by the 
persons, in whose charge they are now, etc. 

By the general peace, afterwards made at Breda, (166Y,) be- 
tween the Cro-uTi of England and the States General, the said 
Province was ceded to the Crown, and the above mentioned con- 
ditions and privileges were ratified. 

All these Articles appear also to have been confirmed by the 
Treaty of Westminster in 1674, Art. 6. 

Subsequently, the first (Civil) Assembly which was elected 
and convened in this Province in 1683, passed, in conjunction 
with his Excellency, the Governor, and the Council, an Act, giv- 
ing liberty of conscience, and the public exercise of their religion 
to all professing Christians. By the same authority, English 
ministers were settled at different places in this Province in 
1692; and to all Christians, except Papists, the liberties were 
permitted which are mentioned in the preceding Articles. 

During the first year of King William and Queen Mary, an 
Act of Parliament was passed in England, (The Act of Toleration, 
1689,) giving the same liberty to all Christians who dissented 
from the Church of England, excepting Papists. 

When this Province was surrendered to the English, there 
was in this city no other Dutch Church except that in the Fort; 
and although the Governor and garrison lived therein, never- 
theless the said congregation retained the same liberty, in their 
church privileges and discipline, as they had ever enjoyed under 
the (West India) Company; although under a strict and partial 
interpretation, the Governor might have taken possession of the 
church; because the first Article of the surrender gave them the 
right to all buildings in the Fort. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1659 

JSTow when this (Dutch) Church began to go to decay, but the 
congregation had increased in numbers, the (Dutch) people of 
IsTew York built a church in the City (in Garden Street) at their 
own expense. (1693). 

There has also existed excellent harmony between the English 
and the Dutch Churches in said City. This appears from the 
fact that the English themselves were allowed to hold their 
religious services in the Church in the Fort; and more recently 
in the new (Dutch) Church in the City, while the English Church 
was in process of building. 

The several Governors who have resided here from time to 
time have upheld, not only the said (Dutch) Church, but also all 
the other Dutch Churches in this Province, in all their liberties 
and privileges, without the least detriment. 

Upon the death or removal of a minister, the several Con- 
sistories sent a call to the Rev, Classis of Amsterdam, onl;^ 
verbally notifying the Governor. He never made any objection; 
and when the minister landed here, he paid his respects to his 
Excellency, the Governor. Then, without any further delay, he 
entered upon his duties, and not the least thing was ever antici- 
pated to prevent him. The expenses of the call as well as of 
the passage over, together with the salary, were paid by the 
respective congregations, through subscriptions and voluntary 
contributions by the members. 

His Excellency, the present Governor (Cornbury), probably 
for other reasons which are unknown to us, seems to have ex- 
pected more deference than his predecessors. He demanded that 
upon the death or removal of a minister, the Dutch Churches 
should make no new call, until they had first asked permission 
of his Excellency, by petitioning for it, and had received his 
consent: For example: on the death of the minister on Long 
Island, (Lupardus) and the removal of the one at Esopus, 
(IsTucella), the Consistories of these congregations were compelled 
to agree to this, and to ask by petition for the privilege of sending 


1660 Ecclesiastical Records ^ 

over a new call. To these his Excellency gave a friendly and 
favorable consent. 

But worse than all, his Excellency attempts to require, by his 
arbitrary authority, that all ministers coming within his govern- 
ment should be compelled to accept a license, or letter of per- 
mit, from his Excellency, the Governor, before entering upon 
their duties, under the threat of banishment out of his govern- 
ment as a rebel, if they refuse to do so. This letter of permit 
reads, that the Governor appoints So and So to be minister of 
a certain Dutch Church; and that he gives him liberty to exer- 
cise all his functions therein, as long as it shall please his Excel- 
lency, and he thinks proper. Thus the ministers of religion are 
made to depend upon his orders, will and pleasure, — such is the 
verbal explanation given of it — and are not to be ministers any; 
longer than his Excellency pleases; and he does not hesitate to 
send an English mini ster to some (Dutch) Church, and seek to 
foist him upon the congregation, and have him supported by them. 
This has been done with the church at Esopus, and shortly will 
be done on Long Island, as his Excellency says. 

We testify that the foregoing is true and sincere, to the best 
of our Imowledge. 

S. Staats 
J. V. Cortlandt 
'New York, ^ , Abrah. Gouverneur. 

the 24th of May 1706. 

Request for Eedress. 

1. That the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam would make a demand 
on the Great Pensionary,* (Counselor), to have orders sent to the 
Ambassador in England to obtain the following: that Her Ma- 
jesty issue her command to her Governor to allow the Dutch 
Churches to continue in that condition in which they have ever 
been since the surrender of the country to the English Cro^vn. 

* See Get. 3, 1707. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1661 


2. That the Consistories of this country shall ever be allowed 
to call their ministers from Holland, without asking the Gov- 
ernor's consent, as often and whenever their Reverences think 
proper; as it is they who make the contract, according to custom. 

3. That the ministers upon their arrival here shall not be 
prevented from entering upon their duties according to their call, 
so long as they behave as dutiful subjects of the Crown. 

4. That the Dutch churches may exercise their own church 
discipline without intervention, according to the laudable usages 
and customs in the Fatherland. 

5. That without interference they may also possess and use 
their own church propei-ty, which they now possess, or may ac- 
quire hereafter. 

6. That the ministers of the Dutch churches here, together 
with their Consistories, may select delegates to meet once or 
oftener, each year, for the welfare of their churches, and for 
the maintenance of their discipline, at such places in the Province 
as they shall think proper; but remaining always dependent upon, 
and submitting to, the vase decisions of the Rev. Classis of 

7. That any ministers of the Dutch Church who are not will- 
ing to submit to the orders and discipline of the said Classis of 
Amsterdam, may be by said meeting, suspended from their office, 
until the Rev. Classis shall have given their decision, 

8. That Domine Freerman shall be stopped in his illegal and 
unbecoming proceedings, that no further disasters and ruptures 
be caused in the congregations. 

9. That the Classis of Amsterdam should provisionally en- 
deavor to obtain from the Bishop of London — under whose gen- 
eral jurisdiction the churches in the plantations belong — a 
general order, commanding the Governors here to allow the 
Dutch churches in this Province to enjoy the liberty of their 
divine service and their Church-discipline, as heretofore. 

1662 Ecclesiastical Records 

This will not only give to the churches here peace and liberty, 
but by such means, the Bishop will not be able to make any 
objection or have any reason for offence, as if his Reverence had 
been quietly ignored in reference to things which we hope to 

Very Reverend Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Jesus 
Ohrist, this is the earnest and humble request and prayer of your 
brethren in Jesus Christ. We are with great respect and friend- 

Your Reverences' willing servants and brethren in Christ, 
Gualtherus du Bois, Eccl. at ITew York. 

Elders. Deacons. 

Jacob Boelen Olfert Sjoerts 

Lendert Huygen de Klyn Andries Maerchalk 

Dirrick ten Eyck Pieter van Filburg 

Isaack Kjp. J. iN'euburt 

V. Antonides, Eccl. in Midwout, etc. 
Danyel Rapalye, Elder in Breukelen. 
Joseph Hegeman, in Vlakkebos. 
, in Amersf ort. 

Henricus Beys, V. D. M. at Kingstowne. 

A true and correct copy, 

D. Meyer, Clerk. 

OF THE State of New York. 1663 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Henricus Beys to the Classis of Amsterdam, May 28, 1Y06. 
— This letter was appended to his Journal of his interviews 
with Governor Cornbnry. (See Jan. 1-March, 1Y06.) 

All this, Keverend Gentlemen and Colleagues, will clearly 
show your Eev. Body, what a grievous state the Church is in, 
and how miserable and pitiable is her condition. You will learn 
this not without great sorrow. And then as to myself, I am 
beset with difficulties on all sides, especially as I am unacquainted 
with the English language, as well as with the laws, customs 
and judicial proceedings under this English government, and in 
this strange and distant country. Sometimes my courage wavers 
when I remember how I have separated myself from all my old 
and true friends, as well as from my relatives. I can only leave 
it to the calm consideration of your Reverences, how I wear away 
my days here, as a voluntary exile from my Fatherland, to the 
grief of my soul, and without obtaining much consolation or 

Some people advise me in this matter to go directly contrary 
to the peremptory orders and repeated threats of his Excellency. 
Too strong an affection for myseK, and desire for my services, 
incline them to dare to the utmost. They are anxious to see, 
what could be done by his Excellency, or what they could do 
in opposition; so that I myself had to reprove them for this, 
while the circumstances of the time forbade me to report it in 
writing. Others, actuated by greater discretion and a calmer 
spirit, and possessed of greater foresight, counsel me to remain 
quiet; and that I should also seek to induce my congregation to 
remain peaceable, and patiently and hopefully to await what the 
wise counsel and infallible help of your Reverences may be able 
to do for us. I was advised to this course by Domine du Bois, 


1664 Ecclesiastical Records 

Domine Antonides and others; subsequently also, by Domine 
du Bois and the -whole Consistory of New York I was cautioned 
not to do anything contrary to the severe orders and repeated 
threats of his Excellency. This was done on the 26th of this 
month, (May). I shall follow this advice, which I believe to be 
the best, until I can avail myself of your Reverences wise coun- 
sels, which will always be my guide, and support, and which I 
shall always expect. Should I still remain deprived of them, I 
will be compelled to perform my duties with groanings unutter- 
able; and still more would I regret to be obliged to repeat my 
difficult and dangerous voyage. Although I would quickly and 
with great joy return to the Fatherland, yet it would be not 
"without regret on my part, and with great sorrow to my church. 
It would also be unpleasant in these dangerous times of war, to 
undergo such great perils of the sea as I have already experienced, 
fearing as I did, to be drowned; and yet pleasant to enjoy again 
the agreeable companionships of the Fathers at home, who are 
also the faithful "nourishing Fathers" of God's Church; and 
to enjoy our beloved liberty and divine serxdce, sound in doc- 
trine, refreshing in its pure vigor; for truth and right would then 
again be recognized and possessed. 

The document given me by your Rev. Classis with so much love 
and with so many good wishes, I fear I will have to lay again 
mth thanks upon your table. I hope that it may please the 
Lord of the Harvest to send me forth, by means of your Rev- 
erences, to some other more agreeable field, and more cheerful 
part of his vineyard. There with the small abihties which divine 
grace has granted me, I may put out my talents at interest, and 
produce with God's help, some greater gain. 

I would then. Reverend Fathers and Fellow-laborers in Christ 
Jesus, earnestly and humbly solicit of you that your Reverences 
would hasten to our help. Strengthened by your wise counsel 
and sustained by your assistance, I may understand how to con- 

OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 16G5 

duct myself in all these matters. But jour assistance if too long- 
delayed, will make my heart sick. 

Meanwhile I shall, for the sake of my office and for conscience 
sake, spare neither time nor labor in the minor, but not less nec- 
essary work of daily instruction, and such other exercises from 
house to house as may be possible, to teach the growing disciples 
and youths the first elements of God's Word; so that from child- 
hood up they may know the Holy Scriptures, which are able to 
make them wise unto salvation. Besides I will thus also instruct 
the more advanced in the fundamental doctrines of the Eeformed 
Church. I shall endeavor to establish them more fully, and 
make them well grounded in the general principles of Divine 
truth, for such knowledge is next to godliness; and so build them 
up in their most holy faith which was once delivered to the saints. 

The loss of the public preaching of the Word which my con- 
gregation will have to suffer temporarily, will thus be partly 
made up, and not altogether without some advantage, by cate- 
chization. For the time and the circumstances demand that some 
joyful message be brought to these submissive ones, and that the 
Word, in some form, be secured for the mourners in Zion, that 
the Lord may be glorified. I pray God that he may make my 
efforts gloriously successful through his Spirit, that my labors 
may not be in vain in the Lord; yea, that I may remain faithful 
to the end, and that I may at last say with all boldness, — Behold, 
Lord, I and the children whom thou hast given me; and that I 
may hear the joyful word of salvation, when those who have 
been faithful over a few things shall be made ruler over many 
things. This is the devout wish of my soul, and my daily prayer 
to God. I sincerely wish that Jehovah, the mighty God and the 
Father of Eternity, may be the Prince of Peace to your Kev- 
erences; that he may make you burn as shining lights in the 
firmament of the Dutch Church for many years to come; and 
this, not only in Amsterdam and in other churches of the ISTether- 
lands; but also for the best interests of the Church in general, 



1666 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

and of the trans-atlantic diurches; for from you, next to God, 
these seek consolation and assistance. If sufficient gratitude or 
reward be wanting here, may the All-Sufficient One be a shield 
and reward to your Reverences in eternity. 

This is the wish and prayer of him, who desires always to be 
remembered in jour prayers, and who honors himself when with 
modest boldness he calls himself, with great respect for your 
Reverend Body, and with deep humility. 

Reverend Fathers and Colleagues in Jesus Christ, 
Your grateful servant and fellow-worker in Jesus Christ, 

, Henricus Beys. 

!N'ew York, 
the 28th of May, 1Y06. 

This agrees with the oiiginal. 

D. Meyer Clarke. 

Dutch Church of ISTew York. 

May 29, 1706. 
On rescinding of resolutions. 

The Consistory having met, called on God's name. It was 
unanimously Resolved, That henceforth, no resolutions or orders, 
adopted either unanimously or by a majority, shall be reversed 
or altered except by unanimous consent in full Consistory. 

— Lib. A. 223. 

OF THE State of !N"ew Yokk. 1667 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Portfolio " New York," Vol. i. 

The Church of ISTew York to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
June 10, 1706. 

Is^ew York the 10th of June 1706. 

To the Rev. Gentlemen, Fathers and Brethren in Jesus Christ, 
constituting the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam : 

Reverend Gentlemen: — 

After we had closed our letter, and after Domine Beis had, 
on the 6th of June, left for Esopus, not to enter upon his public 
duties, indeed, but only, etc., as his journal and letters show: the 
Governor, upon the unceasing requests of the principal men in 
the Province, and the persistent urging of Colonel Schuyler and 
Mr. Abram de Peyster, at last granted permission to Domine 
Beis to perform henceforth all his ministerial duties. These 
gentlemen having occasion to speak with his Excellency about 
something on tlie morning of the 7tli of June, they then took 
occasion to make request of his Excellency, that he would be 
pleased to permit Domine Beis to perform his duties freely and 
openly, etc. Thereupon the Governor, who up to that time had 
said nothing of a license, stated he had no objection to Domine 
Beis personally; but some people had informed him that he had 
spoken disrespectfully about his Excellency: — which accusation, 
we are sure, is not true — and if this was not so, and Domine 
Beis would assure his Excellency of the contrary, by a letter, he 
would allow him henceforth to perform his duties without inter- 

Thus matters have been brought so far that both the ministers, 
Antonides and Beis, are actually performing service. Your Rev. 
Assembly will easily perceive, however, that our whole ministerial 


1668 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 


service remains dependent on his Excellency's will and pleasure, 

and that we have not gained any essential point, as far as our 

real objects are concerned. Tour Rev. Assembly is therefore 

again most urgently requested to ponder what is essential to the 

real welfare of the Dutch churches in this Province. Relying 

thereon, we commend your Reverences to God and the Word of 

his Grace, while we remain. 

Reverend Assembly, 

Your Reverences Humble servants and brothers in Jesus Christ, 

Gualtherus du Bois, 

J. V. Cortlandt, 

S. Staats, 

Acts or the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Indian Affairs. 

1Y06, July 19th. The letter referring to the Affairs of India, 
sent over since the last Christian Synod, were more fully con- 
sidered by Rev. Depp, ad res exteras. Extracts therefrom were 
made by them, and handed in to the Classis. 'No later letters 
have up to the present come over. ix. 129. 

(Besides Vols, xxxix, 1635-1648, and Vol. xLx., 1655-1705, 
no volumes of extracts, earlier or later, are now in the Archives 
of the Classis.) 

1706, July 27- Aug. 6. Snyod of JSTorth Holland, held at 

Amsterdam. No Allusions to America. 

Loud Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. 

Inventory of Effects of Rev. Edmund Mott. 

October 3, 1706. 

In your letter of the 28tli of November 1705, you are pleased to direct me to 
send your Lordships an account of what pay is due to the Rev. Mr. Mott, late 
Chaplain to Her Majesty's forces here, and what effects he has left in the Conn- 
try. As for effects, he has left some books of which I herewith send you a cata- 
logue and a very few cloths not worth in all six pounds, a silver seal, a silver 

OF THE State of JSTew York. 16C9 

headed cane, and some other trifles all mentioned at the foot of the inventory; I 
will likewise send you the appraisement of the whole and wait your Lordship's 
further directions before anything is disposed of. 


Reverend Edmund Mott seems to have succeeded the Rev. Mr. Brisac as chap- 
lain to the forces at New York. He was interested originally in what is called 
the Minisink purchase, but having died in July, 1704, previous to the issue of the 
Patent, his name was dropped, and that of George Clarke inserted in the Grant. 
On his death, his place was offered to the Rev. John Talbot of Burlington, N. J., 
and on that gentleman declining, it was given to the Rev. John Sharp of Chees- 
quakes, N. J. Collections of Protestant Episcopal Society, I., xvii, 56, 58; New 
York Council Minutes, ix., 470; Licenses and Warrants, vi., 62, 65; Book of Com- 
missions, Ui., 95. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1181, 1182. 

1706, Oct. 14. Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade. 

(About Revs. Makemle and Hampton; with Notes.) 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations: 
My Lords: — 

I trouble your Lordships with these lines to acquaint you that on the 17th of 
January 1705/6 a man of this town, one Jackson, came to acquaint me that two 
Ministers were come to town; one from Virginia, and one from Maryland, and that 
they desired to know when they might speak with me; I being willing to show 
what Civlllity I could to men of that character, ordered my man to tell Jackson 
that they should be well come to come to dine with me; They came, and then I 
found by the Answers they gave to the questions I asked them, that one, whose 
name is Francis Mackensie, (Makemie)* is a Presbyterian Preacher settled in 
Virginia; the other, whose name is John Hampton, is a young Presbyterian Minis- 
ter lately come to settle in Maryland; They dined with me, and talked of indif- 
ferent things: They pretended they were going towards Boston; they did not 
say one syllable to me of preaching here, nor did not ask leave to do it; They 
applied themselves to the Dutch Minister, for leave to preach in the Dutch Church 
in this Town, who told them he was very willing, provided they could get my 
consent; They never came to me for it; They went likewise to the Elders of the 
French Church; to desire leave to preach in the French Church, they gave them 
the same answer the Dutch had; all this while they never applyed themselves 
to me for leave, nor did they ofCer to qualify themselves as the Law directs. 

But on the Monday following I was informed that Mackensie (Makemie) had 
preached on the day before at the House of one Jackson, a shoemaker in this 

* Rev. Francis Makemie, who is said to have been the first Presbyterian clergy- 
man in New York, was a native of Ireland, and appears to have officiated In the 
West Indies about the year 1698-9. In the year 1700 he was sent out by a re- 
spectable body of Dissenters in the city of London, to America, and fixed his habi- 
tation on the peninsular between the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays, in the county 
of Accomack, Virginia, very near the Maryland line. While there, he had already 
been arrested, it is said, through the infiuence of the Episcopal clergy, and carried 
over the Bay to Williamsburg, to answer for the crime of preaching. But the re- 
sult was that he conciliated the Governor, who gave him a general license to 
preach in the Dominion. After his difiiculty in New York, he narrowly escaped 
a second prosecution, for preaching another sermon, with a new charge, as some 
say, of being the author of the Jersey paper called Forget and Forgive. His name 
is affixed in the catalogues to a Tract entitled, — Truths in a True Light; or a 
Pastoral Letter to the Reformed Protestants in Barbados: 16 mo. Edinburgh, 1699. 
He published another pamphlet in Virginia, in reply to an Errorlst who had charged 
him with denying the influence of the Holy Spirit. A formal report of his trial 
was published in 1707, under the title of "A Narrative of a new and unusual 
American Imprisonment of two Presbyterian Ministers and prosecution of Mr. 
Francis McKemie, one of them, for preaching one sermon in the city of New 
York ". It is republished at length in Col. Force's Historical Tracts, Vol. iv., from 
which, and from Miller's Life of the Rev. Dr. Rodgers, the above particulars are 
mainly obtained. Mr. McKemie was a man of eminent piety as well as of strong 
Intellectual powers. — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1187. 


1670 Ecclesiastical Ee coeds 

town; aud that Hampton had preached on Long Island; and that Mackensie after 
having preached here on Sunday was gone over to Long Island with intent to 
preach in all the towns in that Island, having spread a report thereto, that they 
had a Commission from the Queen, to preach all along this Continent; I was 
informed on the same daj' from New Jersey, that the same men had preached in 
several places in that province, and had ordained, after their manner, some young 
men, who had preached without it among the Dissenters; And that when they 
were asked, if they had leave from the government they said they had no need 
of leave from any Governor, they had the Queen's authority for what they did: 
These Reports and the information I hart from Long Island, of their behavior 
there, induced me to send an order to the Sherif of Queen's County on Long 
Island, to bring them to this place, which they did on the 23rd day of January in the 
Evening; The Attornej' General was with me; I asked Mackensie how he came to 
preach in this Government, without acquainting me with it, and without qualify- 
ing himself as the Law Requires; he told me he had qualified himself according 
to law in Virginia, and that having so done, he would preach in any part of the 
Queen's Dominions where he pleased; and that this Province is part of the Queen's 
Dominions as well as Virginia, and that the License he had obtained there was as 
good as any he could obtain here. 

I told him that Virginia was part of the Queen's Dominions as well as this 
Province, but that they are two different Governments; That no order or Law 
of that Province can take place in this, no more than any order or Law of this 
Province can take place in that, which no reasonable Man would imagine could be 
allowed; he told me he understood the Law, as well as any man, and that he was 
satisfied he had not offended against the Law; That the Penal Laws of England, 
did not extend to, and were not in force in America; to which the Attorney 
General replyed, that if the Penal Laws did not take place in America, neither 
did the Act of Toleration; nor is it proper, said he, that it should, since the latter 
is no more than a Suspension of the former; Mackensie said that the Queen 
granted liberty of Conscience to all Her Subjects without Reserve. 

I told him he was so far in the Right, that the Queen was graciously pleased 
to grant liberty of Conscience to all her Subjects except Papists; that he might 
be a Papist for all that I knew, under the pretense of being of another persua- 
sion; that therefore it was necessary he should have satisfied the government 
what he was, before he ventured to preach; Upon that he told me, that he would 
quallify himself in any manner, and would settle in this Province; I told him 
whenever any of the people of either of the Provinces under my Government had 
Desired leave to call a minister of their own Persuasion, they had never been 
denyed it, but that I should be very cautious how I allowed a man so prone to bid 
Defiance to Government as I found he was: He said he had done nothing that 
he could not answer, so I ordered the High Sherif of this City to take them Into 
his Custody; And I directed the Attorney General to proceed against them, ac- 
cording as the Law directs; which he has done by preferring an Indictment against 
Mackensie for preaching in this City without Qualifying himself, as the Act of 
Toleration directs; The Grand Jury found the Bill, taut the Petty Jury acquitted 
him, so he is gone towards New England uttering many severe threats against 
me; As I hope that I have done nothing in this matter but what I was in duty 
obliged to do, especially since I think it is very plain by the Act of Toleration, 
it was not intended to tollerate or allow strowling Preachers; But only that 
those persons who dissent from the Church of England should be at liberty to 
serve God after their own way, in the several places of their abode, without 
being lyable to the Penalties of certain laws; so I intreat your Lordships protec- 
tion against this malicious man, who is well known in Virginia and Maryland 
to be a Disturber of the Peace and quiet of all the places he comes into; he is 
Jack of all Trades; he is a Preacher, a Doctor of Physick, a Merchant, an Attor- 
ney, or Counsellor at Law, and, which is worse of all, a Disturber of Govern- 
ments; I should have sent your Lordships this account sooner, but that I was 
willing to see the Issue of the Trj'al. I am. My Lords, 

Your Lordships most faithful humble Servant, 

New York, — Col. Docs. N. Y. iv. 1186-7. 

October 14, 1706. 

OF THE State op I^ew Yoek. 1671 

1706, Dec. 27. Meeting of Fiest Presbytery of Presby- 
terians AT THE old Scots Church, near Freehold, IST. J. 

(Two preliminary pages lost.) 

1706. De Regimine ecclesias, which being heard was approved 
of and sustained. He gave in also his thesis to be considered of 
against next sederunt. 

Sederunt, 2d. lObris, 27. 

" Post preces sederunt, Mr. Francis Mc Kemie, moderator, 
Messrs. Jedidiah Andrews and John Hampton, ministers. 

" Mr, John Boyd performed the other parts of his tryals, viz., 
preached a popular sermon on John 1 : 12 ; defended his thesis ; 
gave satisfaction as to his skill in the Languages, and answered to 
extemporary questions ; all of which were approved of and sus- 

"Appointed his ordination to be on ye next Lord's day, ye 29th 
inst., which was accordingly performed in the publick meeting 
house of this place, before a numerous assembly ; and the next day 
he had ye Certificate of his ordination ". 

The Presbyterians in !N'ew York. 


In October, 1706, Francis Makemie* and John Hampton, two 
Presbyterian ministers, stopped at New York, on their way to 

* " The inhabitants of the City of New Yorls consisted, at this time, of Dutch 
Calvinists, upon the plan of the Church of Holland; French refugees, on the Geneva 
model; a few English Episcopalians; and a still smaller number of English and 
Irish Presbyterians; who, having neither a minister nor a church, used to assemble 
every Sunday, at a private house, for the worship of God. Such were the circum- 
stances, when Francis M'Kemie and John Hampton, two Presbyterian ministers 
arrived here in January, 1707." The Dutch permitted M'Kemie to preach in their 
church. Lord Cornbury forbade the repetition. Hampton preached in the Pres- 
byterian church of Newtown, L. I. Both these excellent ministers were imprisoned 
and treated in an illegal and barbarous manner. They were no Lawyers, and 
knew not at first how to defend themselves. The Grand Jury who indicted them 
had for its members some Dutch and French Protestants. But surely these were 
not representative men. Contrary to truth, the Attorney asserted that the penal 
laws (of Great Britain) extended to this colony. The defendants gained the suit, 
but were not discharged, until the costs of the suit were extorted from them. 
Smith's New York, 181. 


1672 Ecclesiastical Records 


Boston. Hampton passed on to ISTewtown, Long Island, but 
Makemie remained in the City and was urged to speak. The 
Dutch Church offered the use of its building, but Combury re- 
fused to allow it. William Jackson then offered his private house. 
He was an active Presbyterian elder. The doors of the house were 
thrown wide open, and a child was baptized. The sermon he then 
delivered " On a Good Conversation " was published. 

On the following Thursday, while preparing to preach at ISTew- 
town, Makemie was arrested and taken before Cornbury. The 
latter said ; " Tou shall not spread your pernicious doctrines 
here ". Makemie replied with dignity that he challenged all the 
clergymen of ISTew York to show anything false or pernicious in 
his doctrine. But the Governor demanded that they should give 
bonds for their good behavior, and should not preach. They 
offered to give bonds for their good behavior, but refused to give 
bo'uds not to preach. They were then sent to jail and tried, but 
were acquitted. Yet Hampton had to pay the costs, amounting to 
eighty three pounds. 

1706-1709. The Presbyterians met as often as possible during 
• the next three years, to pray together. Then the citizens of 'New 
York and Isew Jersey united in a petition to the Queen to remove 
Cornbury. Queen Anne revoked his Commission. His hungry 
creditors at once arrested him for debt. He remained in prison 
until the death of his father, when he became a peer. 

1710. Robert Hunter became Governor. The Presbyterians 
were relieved from their oppressions. In 1717 they numbered 
about eighty persons in ]^ew York City, and they formed a Church, 
and called Rev. James Anderson. In 1718 a few individuals 
purchased the land in Wall street, opposite the end of ISFew street, 
and began to build a church. Six hundred pounds were soon 
raised for this purpose. In the meantime they obtained permis- 
sion to worship in the City Hall. 

In 1718 there were about three thousand families in ISTew York. 
There were then about two English ministers in ISTew York, two 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1673 

Dutch ministers, one French minister, one Lutheran minister, and 
an Anabaptist and a Quaker Meeting. 

In 1719 for the first, the Presbyterians of ISTew York worshiped 
in a church of their own. 

They struggled to get a Charter until 1730, but could not over- 
come the prejudices of the rulers. Then they transferred the title 
of their Church Property to the General Assembly of the Church 
of Scotland — ■ the Presbyterian Church being the established 
Church in Scotland. 

In 1739-1741 they experienced great benefits from the " Great 
Awakening ", which then prevailed. 

An Act to Encourage the Baptizing of I^egeo, Indian and 
Mulatto Slaves. 

(Passed October 21, 1706.) 

WHEREAS divers of her Majesty's good Subjects, Inhabitants of this Colony no-w- 
are and have been -willing that such Negro, Indian and Mulatto Slaves who belong 
to them and desire the same, should be Baptized, but are deterr'd and hindered 
therefrom by reason of a Groundless opinion that hath spread itself in this Colony, 
that by the Baptizing of such Negro, Indian or Mulatto slave they would become 
free and ought to be sett at Liberty. In order therefore to put an end to all such 
Doubts and Scruples as have or hereafter at any time may arise about the same. 
BE it Enacted by the Governour Councill and Assembly and it is hereby Enacted 
by the authority of the same. That the Baptizing of any Negro, Indian or Mulatto 
Slave shall not be any Cause or reason for the setting them or any of them at 

And be it declared and Enacted by the Governor Councill & Assembly and by the 
Authority of the same. That all and every Negro, Indian, Mulatto and Mestee 
Bastard Child & Children who is, are, and shall be born of any Negro, Indian, 
Mulatto or Mestee, shall follow ye State and Condition of the Mother & be es- 
teemed reputed taken & adjudged a Slave _«& Slaves to all intents & purposes 

Provided, always & be it declared & Enacted by ye said Authority That no 
slave whatsoever in this Colony shall Att any time be admitted as a witness for, 
or against, any Freeman, in any Case matter or Cause, Civill or Criminal whatso- 
ever. — Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 1. pp. 597, 598. 

Trinity Church, New York. The Queens Garden. 

1706? The Board of Trinity Church orders "that Captain 
Mathews hold and enjoy the Garden called the Queen's Garden 
granted to the Church by his Excellency the Lord Viscount Corn- 
bury, for seven years, if he so long live. If the same be not de- 
manded by the Church Wardens for the time being, to erect a 
house thereon for the Incumbent of Trinity Church. Upon the 
condition that the said Garden be planted and improved with good 



1674 Ecclesiastical Records 

choice fruit trees, and be laid out in walks according to the appro- 
bation of the Church Wardens for the time being and leave the 
same improvements and the fences in good repair, when surren- 
dered, and also level and make even the passage lane or way that 
leads from the broad way between the Chnrch-yard and said 
Garden to the ISTorth River by the Locus Trees standing by the 
said river ", — Records, i. 58. Dix, i. 164. 

The Declaeation Lately Published in Favor of His Pro- 
testant Subjects by the Elector Palatine and ISTotify'd 
to Her Majesty.* 

To which is prefix'd An Impartial Account of the Causes of 
those Innovations and Grievances about Religion, which are now 
so happily redressed by his Electoral Highness. London : Printed 
for A. Baldwin, in Warwick Lane. MDCCVII. 

An Impartial Account etc. — As Liberty is no where better preserved or under- 
stood than in England, so nowhere is the name of Tyrant more odious; nor less 
detestable is that of a persecutor, as being a Tyrant over the mind, and the 
audacious usurper of Gods own immediate right and province. 

Wherefore since the arms of our incomparable Queen, are so gloriously em- 
ployed to restore whole nations to their civil rights and that her prudent councils 
are not less successfully occupy'd about continuing or procuring to all Christians, 
the liberty of consciences; so it seems to me to be a very natural inquiry, and 
highly becoming such as observe public transactions to examine how far these 
potentates, with whom we are under any tie of friendship or alliance, are en- 
couragers of the same generous sentiments; this being of the utmost consequence 
to our mutual good understanding, Iroth for the present and the future. 

Various reflections of this kind I have made myself and heard of others. Some- 
times one prince and sometimes another, has been the object of my meditations, 
or of my company, but for a considerable space, no prince did more take up the 
thoughts or discourses of the latter, than his Highness the Elector Palatine, whose 
subjects are divided in their religion, there being Calvinists, Lutherans and Popish 
churches in his Dominion, and he himself being not only of the persuasion of 
the last, but represented as a persecutor of the first in most of our news papers, 
and in many other public writings. 

But the result of my diligent and impartial enquiry has in short been this, that 
the Elector, neither is, nor ever was a persecutor; though the Protestants, whose 
grievances he has lately redressed, has suffered by other hands, more than either 
law or gospel could warrant. 

This is a discovery that cannot be pleasing to all Englishmen as well on the 
account of the present happiness of their fellow Protestants, as with a particular 
regard to his Electoral Highness, in whom they justly admire so many excellent 
and princely qualities though they peculiarly distinguish his extraordinary zeal and 
constancy for the common cause of Europe against the exorbitant power of the 
French King to whose fury and resentment he is so immediately exposed. 

* See this under date of Nov. 21, 1705. 

OF THE State of New York. 1675 

For these reasons I observed many worthy patriots to be truly concerned that 
the glory of such a prince should be tarnished in any degree with the invidious 
character of being a persecutor; and I confess that this consideration did sway 
me above all other motives to examine the circumstances of this affair so nicely 
as I have done. I am neither of his country or of his religion. I have not the 
honor even to know his person, nor am any way engaged in his service. But 
finding the world (as I said) doing so much justice to his princely merit and so 
advantageously representing his public spirit, I thought it a thing inconsistent 
that his Blectorial Highness could be capable (against the dictates of all good 
politics as well as the true genius of Christianity) to force the consciences of his 
subjects whose cheerful submission to his government, or Fidelity and affection to 
his person, I never heard denied or disputed. Nevertheless it is a notorious fact, 
that great industry has been used to make him pass in the minds of Englishmen 
for a persecutor of Protestants. 

After being therefore undeceived myself, I thought it my duty to undeceive 
others, were it out of but mere gratitude, for three very signal services he ren- 
dered at different times to the common cause. The first of these was in the last 
war; for he was the principal cause of raising the seige of Rhynfeltz in the year 
1695, the preservation of that place being of inexpressible consequences; and 
therefore he chose rather to send his troops thither than to keep them in his own 
country of Juliers, to prevent the cruel spoil and devastation caused by the 
French, who had an army there, on purpose to prevent the relief of Rhynfeltz. 

The next was in the beginning of the present war by, his so timely seizing on 
the boats of the bridge and other material which the enemy intended to lay over 
the Rhine at Keysersworth for the passage of their army under the Duke of Bur- 
gundy and the Marshall de Boufflers who had resolved to march straight forward 
to Utrecht, and so to force the States to accept a peace; which had disconcerted 
all the measures of the allies, and laid Europe before this time in chains. 

The last is when at the beginning of the present war, the Dutch troops were 
seized and made (as it were) prisoners of war in the great towns of Flanders and 
Brabant, the Elector marched his troops out of his own territories, which were 
exposed to the enemy's fury, into the most important frontier of Mastricht, then 
without a sufficient garrison. A benefit the States will never forget. But I am 
to put the reader in mind of two other things, before I come to a more particular 
declaration. I have engaged it is true, to show that the Elector was not the 
author of those hardships suffered by his subjects; but it may be pertinently 
demanded, why he seemed so backward to redress them. Of this as I said, there 
are two reasons to be given. 

On the first of them I shall not much insist (though I might allowably do it) 
I mean the measures which the Elector Palatine was to observe with respect 
to the enormous power of France, as his next neighbor, and the extreme care 
he was to take of not giving that Monarch any fresh occasion of displeasure, by 
contravening the 4th article of the Treaty of Ryswick, whereof he would needs 
appear so fond, that when the Protestants made a difficulty of signing the treaty, 
by reason of that very article, they were told the French King would treat them 
as enemys and make a separate war against them in particular. 

I shall not insist I say on measures his Highness was to keep with respect to 
France because I know from good hands that Monsieur de Forci, speaking of his 
Prince declared, that he observed less measures with his master than any other 
prince of the empire. 

The other thing I would have, to be considered is the most weighty reasons. 
The Elector Palatine had to manage the Court of Rome and to be cautious of 
making any break with it at a time that he stood in so great need of having jus- 
tice done him there, in the decision of the controversy between him and the 
Dutchess of Orleans, whereof the Pope was in the Treaty of Ryswick named for 
the Sovereign arbiter. 

That this was one of the chief motives of delaying the execution of his laudable 
Intentions for granting liberty. I fancy I have good reason to believe, for it is 
observable that notwithstanding the perpetual clamors of the Dyet of Ratisbonne, 
and the earnest instances of many Protestant princes, yet the elector seemed per- 
emptorily resolved to stand by the fourth article of the said treaty; liberty of 



1676 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

conscience not being published (if I remember right) in the Palatinate till after 
the court of Rome had pronounced sentence in favor of his Electoral Highness. 

After the publication of this liberty, followed the treaty, which gave the finish- 
ing stroke to so great and good a work. But that the reader may be the better 
able to conceive a clear idea of the whole transaction and to form a distinct judg- 
ment of the real springs of the said treaty, we must go a little further back and 
observe that all the Protestants of the Palatinate enjoyed full peace and tran- 
quility under the late Elector, who was the first Roman Catholick since the 
Reformation; nor was there any such thing as complaints heard of till the year 
1688, that the French had seized on that country, where besides the unspeakable 
cruelties exercised without distinction on the persons and possessions of all the 
subjects, they were not less sparing to violate all Rules and orders relating to 
their consciences introducing according to their constant custom, several innova- 
tions in matters of religion to the great prejudice of that christian liberty, which 
they found established there. 

These violences were continued during the whole time of the last war, on the 
western side of the Rhine. 

But they ceased on the other side as soon as the enemy had abandoned it, in 
the beginning of the year 1689, till the French having retaken Heidelberg in the 
year 1693 entirely burnt and ruined it. 

This nevertheless did not hinder his father in the year 1690 to favor and pre- 
serve as much as he could, the ancient liberty of religion, which was so entire 
and impartial In his country, that one of the Protestant Electors built a church 
at Mannheim for the exercise of the three Religions, which he called, very suit- 
able to its design, the Concordia. 

Matters stood on this foot till the Treaty of Ryswick, which was concluded 
in the year 1697, and it is to be looked upon as the real source and occasion of 
all the complaints that have so much prepossessed the world against the Electoral 
Highness, because of his holding for some time to the fourth article of that 
treaty; which provides that notwithstanding all restitutions made by France to 
the Confederates, yet the Roman Catholic Religion shall remain within the places 
restored In the same condition as it is exercised at present among which places, 
the chiefest was the Palatinate, and which the French for many reasons had 
in their view at the making of this Treaty. 

Were I not more concerned for the interest of truth, than the reputation of 
an orator, I would not ask here, how justly those Protestants could blame the 
Elector for observing an article to which themselves had given their consent? 
I would inquire how that article came to be agreed to by them at all? Or if the 
dread of the French King was a sufficient reason for their so doing, whether the 
same apprehension was not as good a ground for him to keep it, till that King 
became less dreadful to all 'em? 

But I take no delight in finding of faults or rubbing of old sores; my purpose is 
rather to heal and reconcile, therefore I shall not insist on a supposition (which 
I might very naturally make) of some of our Protestant princes in the place of his 
Electoral Highness and consider whether in the like case he would be easily 
brought to turn those of his own religion out of churches whereof they were in 
possession by a solemn treaty and to introduce or establish the Roman Catholic's 
in their Room? 

To proceed then with the narration of the fact, the publication of the entire 
liberty of conscience was the first step that the elector made to ease and satisfy 
his subjects. But as the Protestant ministers at Ratisbonne did most pressingly 
insist on the entire tibolition of the fourth article of aforesaid, and the reestablish- 
ment of the affairs of religion on their ancient foundation, even as to join these 
things to matters of publick exigence such as the granting of troops and the like 
(which shows that taking is as fashionable at Ratisbonne as at Westminster.) 
E'or this reason 1 say, many deliberations were held in the Dyet about the means 
of terminating this difference, without their being able to pitch on any effectual 
expedient, till at length, the elector (to demonstrate his readiness to accept all 
reasonable conditions) came to a resolution of having this affair adjusted at his 
own court by his proper ministers, and by those who were deputed for that end, 

OF THE State of New York. 1677 

by his Majesty the King of Prussia, to avoid the usual dilatory proceedings of 
the Dyet, which gave small hopes of a speedy accomidation. 

His Electoral Highness was not deceived in his judgment herein and perceiving 
what progress was made in this treaty in so little a time, principally by his own 
personal care and application, he did by his ministers both at London and the 
Hague invite the Queen and the States General to send thither Mr. Stanhope 
and Mynheer van Ghent, that it might be bi-ought to a conclusion with the greatest 
honor and solemnity possible. I know that our Queen did readily consent to this 
offer, from her pious concern for the welfare of the Protestant churches abroad; 
and the States General having done much, I doubt not but both envoys had re- 
paired to the Palatin Court, were it not that they were eased of that trouble 
by the succeeding of the accomidation sooner than was expected. 

The treaty was concluded and signed by his Electoral Highness the 21st of 
November 1705; and the King of Prussia (who in this, as well as in other divers 
instances has equalized his zeal for the Protestant interest) was so highly satisfied 
therewith, that he made considerable presents to all the ministers of the Palatine 
Court, who had any hand in it. 

The Elector did in the next place notify the Queen by his President Monsieur 
Steingens the public Declaration he made by virtue of the said Treaty, as may 
be seen in our Gazette. He did the like to the States General as well as the 
Imperial Dyet, and to all the Protestant princes. 

I am likewise well informed, that the declaration was begun to be put in execu- 
tion with as much fairness as dispatch, and with so great and universal a joy 
of the Protestants of the Palatinate, that they celebrated a day of public Thanks- 
giving for so remarkable and unexpected a blessing. 

This is a succinct History of the matter of fact as punctually as I could have 
opportunity to make my observations. 

I wish I could as easily give the like account of all the difficulties which so 
long retarded the conclusion of a business which seems to have been very fairly 
Intended on all hands. 

For nothing having appeared from the press on this subject, I could only learn 
from my correspondent at that court, that after the elector's necessary temporiz- 
ing with France and Rome (as aforesaid) the principal obstacle remaining, con- 
sisted in the fixing of the time, which was to serve as a rule whereby to order 
the intended reform; since it was requisite to pitch upon some certain period 
wherein things had been settled to the satisfaction of the Protestants. The inno- 
vations complained of not being introduced all at once, nor under one pretext. 

The Protestants insisted on the year 1624 and the Electors ministers would have 
the year 1618 because it was provided by a treaty, that mattei's of religion should 
continue, in the Palatinate upon the same foot, as they were before the troubles 
which happened on the score of the kingdom of Bohemia; but as those troubles did 
not begin before the year 1619 it was reasonable to take the year immediately pre- 
ceeding. The Palatine ministers did further urge that although all the other 
members of the empire were obliged to keep to the constitutions and regulations 
concerning religion, published by the general consent of the Empire; yet that It 
was not the same thing, as to their Electors, because that from the very begin- 
ning of the Reformation, they were in possession of a right to appoint in matters 
of religion (within their own Dominions) what they should think most convenient, 
without conforming to such orders as either were or should be issued by the 
Dyet of Ratisbonne; and that there were several precedents of our Elector's 
abrogating what his predecessor had established: so that if a Protestant Prince 
(for example) should ever happen to succeed, he must have the same right of 
changing in religion, what his Popish predecessor had introduced. 

Now supposing this to be true as to fact (for I am far from allowing it is right) 
it must be owned that the Protestants In general are under a most sensible obliga- 
tion to his Electoral Highness, who without any regard to so notable a privilege 
came to an agreement so advantageous to the Protestant Religion, as we shall 
more evidently show anon, and as will demonstrably appear by the Declaration 
hereto annexed. 

It must be likewise confessed that the Elector Palatine has written of our own 
Queen in a most singular manner; by his extraordinary complaisance In paying 



1678 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

go ready a Deference to the instances of her Majesty in so nice an affair as that 
of religion to the prejudice of his particular right; and this by so much the more, 
as that his Electoral Highness was known to declare, that if the King of Prussia 
should not be content with what he had granted to the Protestants (which ap- 
peared so reasonable to several engaged in this matter, that they acknowledged 
they could have demanded no more, were it left to their sole arbitration) yet he 
would Eot fail to put it in execution and to send the result thereof to the Maritime 
Powers and the rest of the Protestant princes, to convince them, that it was none 
of his fault, if all these differences were not amicably and finally adjusted. 

Who could have the front after this, to tell the world, that his Electoral High- 
ness is a persecutor of the Protestants? Considering especially that he confides 
his armies to the care and conduct of Protestant Generals, that he indifferently 
admits of Protestants into all his counsils, that one of his principal Secretaries 
of State is a Protestant and that not only in the Palatinate, but also in the 
Dutcheis of Juliers and Burgues (where he makes his ordinary Residence) he 
grants so entire liberty of conscience, as that the Protestants may publicly exer- 
cise their religion and build churches where so ever they please. For my own 
part I cannot but frankly acknowledge after all this, that I am cured of those 
HI impressions which I formerly conceived against this prince, as to aft'airs of 
religion, taking him at present to be as much a friend to the Protestants (making 
a due allowance for his own persuasion) as I formerly believed him to be their 
enemy. Nor can I but wonder at the long continuance of those false reports in 
this country, notwithstanding the notoriety of the greatest part of the fact we 
have hitherto related. 

But I am much inclined to believe, that some who call themselves Protestants 
and who yet appear no great friends to the Confederates, nor to the Protestant 
succession in one of the Palatine family being exasperated at the Electors most 
particular zeal for the common cause, have made it their business to foment a 
distrust of him in the opinion of this nation and so to blast (if they could) all 
the kindness and couflricnce it seems to ha^e a title to expecting from the Queen, 
after what he has done to the Protestants, with so principal a regard to her 
Majesty's interposition. Nay and how for even some princes, jealous of the 
Elector's glory and representing on these accounts may have contributed to spread 
those dishonorable reports, is matter fitter for private speculation than public 

But as to what we have so often said, that his Electoral Highness is no perse- 
cutor it will clearly .Tppear by the declaration he published in his territories upon 
the treaty lately concluded with the King of Prussia and which (as was men- 
tioned before) he imparted to her Majesty, who was most highly pleased at the 
good issue of a thing she took so much heart from her tender regard to our Protes- 
tant Brethren abroad. 

This declaration I have hereunto annexed at large, not only to satisfy the 
curiosity of the publick, but likewise as a piece that may serve for an excellent 
model for all transactions of the same kind. The Protestants themselves do not 
ordinarily grant one another what is doue here by a Roman Catholic; for not only 
those of the different religions are equally made partakers of all privileges belong- 
ing to citizens, merchants, companies, and other societies; but are also admitted 
indifferently into all civil posts and magistracys to the shame of such as impoli- 
tically practice the contrary. 'Tis likewise provided with as much prudence and 
justice, as the thing is uncommon that those of our religion shall exercise no 
manner of Ecclesiastical jurisdiction over those of another; which to do is the 
greatest absurdity in the world, as it is most reasonable that those of the same 
communion should exercise their own discipline within themselves. 

The Elector will quickly perceive the good effects of this equitable proceeding, 
both in the peopling of his countrys, which of consequence make him rich and 
powerful; and in the affection of his subjects, whose obedience is not half so well 
secured by any set of notions or doctrines (be they what they will) as by whole- 
some laws and an impartial administration. 

But his most serene Highness is likewise so nice a judge and so magnificent a 
patron of the liberal Arts and Sciences, in forming this incomparable Declaration, 
he could not be unmindful of restoring the Universitys, not only to their ancient 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1679 

splendor, but to make them likewise places of improvement to those of all per- 
suasions; which serves to condemn the practice of those who regulate the Seml- 
narys of publick education, as if none were to be learned or polite, but their par- 
ticular society; and yet these will generally pretend to abhor like partiality in the 
Emperor Julian. 

But here follow the Declaration to speak in its own behalf, where note that 
Evangellck signifies Lutheran and Reformed Calvinist. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence in America. 

Legal Opinion on Cornbury's attempt to control the Dutch 


Abraham Gouverneiir to [Consistories of Kings Co.] 

January 8, 1707. 

[Portfolio "'New York" Vol. i.] 

New York, January 8, 1706/7. 

Sir : — 1st Having seen a certain order of his Excellency's dated 
the third of January, 1706, relating to the case of the Dutch 
Church at Flatbush, I would obser\^e that this has no foundation 
whatever in any of the laws and customs of the Kealm of England, 
so far as this Province is concerned. But it militates grievously 
against them all; principally against the Magna Charta of Eng- 
land ; also the law for the Abolition of the Star Chamber, made in 
the reign of Charles I, and others besides. It is therefore Extra- 
judicial, and of no validity. 

2nd This order has not even so much in it, that it agrees with 
the common course of (legal) papers of England ; as being without 
seal, etc. 

3rd It is not so directed that it can be executed by any officers ; 
it lets the execution go by judgment (or option) ; since it is not 
the natural consequence of judicial procedure. 

4th Its contents, even in principle, embrace untruths, for it is 
known to every one that Ereerman declined the call of Elatbush 
before Antonides was called. It is also a contradiction to say 
that he, viz. Ereerman, is called by the church, and at the same 



1680 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

time is appointed bj the Governor, as minister ; since ttat power 
rests either in the Governor or in the Consistory; and not in the 
Governor, and the people, in such wise as this order expresses it. 

5th This order confounds the ecclesiastical with the secular; 
for the call affects the one, but the houses, lands, etc., the other. 
How then, because it is said that Freerman is appointed and called, 
a conclusion is drawn that therefore the church property must be 
handed over to him, is incomprehensible; for these goods have 
never been in the hands of the minister, but of Elders, Deacons, 
and Church-Masters. 

6th Every one knows in what manner and with what difficulty 
any one is dispossessed of his goods ; but it is unheard of that one 
be ordered, unless by force of arms, to deliver them himself, and 
especially such as are only held in trust. 

In fine, what will be the consequences of this and such like 
orders, if obeyed, I will leave to your High wise judgment. 

I am your servant, 

Abraham Gouverneur.* 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Eev. D'ailly called to the Cape (of Good Hope.) 

170Y, Jan. 11th. Rev. Deputati ad Extra, reported that the 
call made on Rev. John Godefrid D'ailly, (Dellius ?) to the Cape, 
was graciously approved by the Messrs. Directors (of the West 
India Company.) ix. 143. • 

Examination of Rev. D'ailly and David de Graaf. 

1707, Jan. 11th. Were allowed to enter Rev. John Godefridus 
D'ailly, called as minister to the Cape, for final examination, and 
studiosus David de Graaff, for preparatory. The first preached 
on Rom. 8: 3, 4: and the second on Heb. 1: 3. Afterward, the 
examination was proceeded with. The Assembly was satisfied 

• He was son In law of Leisler, member of the Council, but a violent opponent 
of Cornbury and his party. 

OF THE State of New York. 1681 


therewith to that extent, that Rev. D'ailly was consecrated (or- 
dained) by the Examiner, with the laying on of hands, as minister 
of the church at the Cape ; and studiosus de Graaff was accepted 
as proponent, (licentiate,) but only after previously taking the 
Oath of Purification and sigTiing the formulae of Concord, 
ix. 145. 

Letter from 'New York. 

1707, Jan. 11th. There was placed upon the table a letter 
from New York, written June 10th, 1706, telling of the state of 
the church there. After discussion on the subject, the Rev. As- 
sembly resolved to leave the matter in statu, until fuller informa- 
tion shall have come before the Classis. ix. 145. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

New York. Antonides complains of Freeman. 

1707, April 4th. The Deputati ad Maritimas exhibited and 
read to the Classis, a letter from Rev. Antonides, minister on Long 
Island, in New York. This was also signed by some elders and 
deacons, as well as by Rev. du Bois. In it complaint was made 
of the conduct of Rev. Freerman in disturbing the church in that 
section of the country, (Long Island.) But since the matter as 
yet presents itself very obscurely to the Rev. Classis the Rev. 
Deputies are directed to investigate most carefully the state and 
situation of those churches, and to bring in a report thereon at the 
next meeting. Then according to the circumstances, letters shall 
be written to the Rev. Antonides, to the Rev. Freerman, as well as 
to the consistory on the said Island, in order t€ exhort them all to 
peace, and the advancement of the wellfare of the churches. 
ix. 147. 

New York. 

1707, May 9th. In regard to the case of New York, see 
previous acta. Inasmuch as some letters have come in later, and 


1682 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

also a gentleman came over from those regions about two months 
ago, who is said to possess a knowledge of the situation (ameni- 
ties) of this church, the Rev. Classis directs the regular Com- 
mittee ad extras, to examine these letters and to confer with the 
said gentlemen, and to bring in, as speedily as possible, a minute 
report, ix. 149. 

]^ew York. Gravamina."^ 

1Y07, May 16th. The case of 'Ne^v York remains in statu. 
The churches of this Classis declare that this year they have no 
gravamina. Proxima Classis will be held July 6th, and ad 
Synodum shall ]3roceed the Rev. jSTuilman, ix. 151. 

ISlew York. 

1707, June 6th. Concerning the case of New York, see previ- 
ous acta. The Rev. Deputati ad Maritima (-as?) made a full 
report. The business was further recommended to their care, 
after an expression of thanks to them for the endeavors which they 
had put forth. They were requested particularly, to confer with 
the Hon. Pensionary Buys, for political (civil) matters are in- 
volved therein, ix. 152. 

Colonel Robert Quaky to the Lords of Trade. 

1707. June 28. 
[About the Demands of Quakers.] 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. 
Right Honorable: 

But now I must lay the scheme in Mr. Penn's ov.-n Province, and then the war 
Is as hot and I fear of a worse consequence, then between the two Governments, 
for here is the Assembly against Mr. Penn and his Deputy and they against them, 
the Deputy Governor hath strangely incensed and disobliged all sorts of people 
on the other hand, the Assembly do carry their resentments against him, and 
the proprietor to that height, that they are resolved to have all the Government 

* Gravamina, bezwaar, zwarigheid, mean difficulties, grievances, objections, which 
need to be discussed, that advice may be given to the parties presenting them. 
The word Gravamina was yet used in the Minutes of the Dutch Church in America 
during the first quarter of the 19th century. 

OF THE State of IsTew Yokk. 168 



and powers into their own hands, they insist to have the sole regulation of all 
Courts, and the nomination of all oflBcers, to sett when and as often and as long 
as they please on their own adjournments, they have filled a volume with Votes 
and Resolves, and what they call their Rights and Privileges So that they have 
banished all Prerogative & Government but what is lodged in the Assembly. I 
should quite tyre your Lordships, should I pretend to tell you the tenth of their 
folly & extravagancy, which may sufficiently convince all men, that the Qualiers 
principles is not consistant with Government, I ought not to call it principles, 
but rather Temper and humour, which will oppose all government and submit to 
none but what is lodged in their own hands I did not think fltt to trouble your 
Lordships with a long history of these confusions, by reason I have dayly ex- 
pected to have heard that Mr. Penn hath already surrendered up the Government 
to the Queen, or at least that it is done by some other persons for when ever 
the Government is in the Crown, all these confusions will be at an end, provided 
the Quakers are excluded from having the Administration of the Government in 
their hands, and now that this great truth may more plainly appear to your Lord- 
ships I beg leave to show of how pernicious a consequence the infectious humour, 
temper and evil principles of the Quakers are of, in relation to Government give 
me leave to remind your Lordships of that daring insolent Act past by the Assembly 
of Pennsylvania which directly struck at the Queen's Prerogative by disowning 
her orders and Instructions, and passing an Act in Opposition to it, this matter 
hath been laid before your Lordships with an address from her Majesty's good 
Subjects, who are members of the Church of England setting forth the very great 
injuries and hardships which they labour under by that unjust Act, all which 
hath been fully considered by your Lordships, and as I am informed, the proper 
resolutions taken thereon and therefore will not take up more of your Lordships 
time in making any further remarks or comments on it, but proceed to shew the 
evill effects and consequences of the Quakers insolent opposition and affronting the 
Queens authority, and this will appear to your Lordships by the severall steps 
taken by the same sect of People, the Quakers of her Majestys Province of New 
Jersey, his Excellency my Lord Cornbury having issued out writts for calling an 
Assembly the first step taken By Samuel Jennings the head of them, was his 
declareing that he would no longer serve the Queen as one of her Councill his pre- 
tence was, that he could not bear the charge of it, but the true reason was, that 
it was not in his power in that station to doe so much mischief to the Queens 
interest, as he might do in the Assembly into which he was sure to be chosen 
and in order to the having himself and others of his principles brought into the 
house of Burgesses, there was effectuall care taken to possess the whole Country, 
that all their libertys and propertys lay at stake, & depended on their choice of 
the Assembly they had prepared a list of such as they thought fitt for that pur- 
pose and assured the people, that if ttiey would choose of them that then there 
should be no money raised for the support of Government, Nor any Militia Act 
past, this was too powerful a baite and produced the desired effect, those very 
men were chosen in the Western Division and the same methods taken by Colonel 
Morris and his faction in the Eastern Division but for the more effectuall carry- 
ing on this design the heads of the faction in both Divisions agreed on a most 
scandalous libell, of which they got a vast number printed, and took care to dis- 
perse them through the whole Province, perhaps there was never a more scan- 
dalous libell published, a copy of which with the severall steps taken by his 
Excellency to discover the authors & publishers, I must refer to my Lord who I 
presume sends it by this opportunity And now after all these indirect means used 
it Is not strange, that they gained their end on an Assembly for their purpose 
who att the day appointed mett, and then to shew that they were resolved to 
answer the end for which they were chosen, they satt above a month, in all which 
time they did not make the least stepps towards the preparing any act for the 
support or defence of the Government, but their whole time was taken up in 
matters that did not concern them. 

You have seen that the Government of Pennsylvania have thrown off all re- 
spect & regard for any of the Queens orders or Instructions, which appears to your 


1684: Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Lordships, by making an Act of Assembly directly opposite and contrary to tliem 
v.ere this evill confined to that Government; only, I should not give your Lord- 
ships any trouble about it, but the infection of this grand evill is spread over all 
the Queen's Governments, and that it hath taken deep rooting in that of the 
Jerseys will appear to your Lordships, by my acquainting you that I was present 
in Council when his Excellency having occasion to summon Coll. Morris, Samuell 
Jennings & severall others of the heads of that Faction his Lordship was pleased 
in order to the giving them satisfaction about some matters which they clamoured 
against, to procure her Majesty's instructions to them, out of which he ordered 
some particular clauses to be read, thinking (as I suppose) that they would be 
concluded by them, but it had quite a contrary effect for Collonel Morris at the 
mouth of tliem all told his Lordship, that the Queens order & instructions did 
not concern or affect them, nor should it conclude them any further than they 
were warranted by Law, this bold assertion occasioned some debate, but after 
all they were firm In this their pernitious principles, and now your Lordships 
may plainly see, what these men do aim at, & what the consequence must quickly 
be, if not prevented, for having thrown off all respect and obedience to the Queens 
orders and instructions; by what must they be Governed for the Laws of England 
they will not allow of but when it suits their interest or to serve a turn; when 
it is contrary to their wild notions then it shall not oblige them unless the Queen 
will allow them to send their representatives to sitt in the Parliment of Great 
Brittain, so that there is but one way more to govern those men, which must 
be by laws of their own making but in this they are safe enough since they resolve 
to make no laws, but such as shall lessen and impower (impair?) the Queens pre- 
rogative and Authority and suit with there own humours if her Majesty's Gover- 
nours will not consent to such laws, then they will give no money to support 
either Governor or Government but all shall sink, this is the game which they 
now resolve to play in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York the first of these 
had not given the last tax, but as a bribe to have the Act passed for affronting 
and destroying the Queens orders, the Assembly of the Jerseys resolve to give 
no money unless they can be freed from a Militia, and have an Act to ruin half 
the people of the Province, and should they gain all this, yet they will not give 
enough to support the Government, 

Right Honorable, 

Your Lordships most faithfull & obedient Servant, 

Robert Qnary. 
Philadelphia —Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. pp. 17-20. 

June 28, 1707. 

Eepresentation to the Queen" in Regard to Several Acts of 
New York, in Reference to Land-Grants. 

Jnly 29, 1707. 
(Favorable to Rev. Dellius.) 

To the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty. 

Having under our consideration such laws passed in New York as have not yet 
been confirmed or repealed. We beg leave for the present to lay before your 
Majesty two of the said Acts, which in our opinion ought in the first place to 
Receive Your Royal Pleasure, Viz. 

An Act for Vacating, breaking and annulling several Extravagant Grants of 
Land made by Col. Benjamin Fletcher, late Governor of this Province, under his 
Majesty; past at an Assembly held there the 2nd of March 1698/9. 

OF THE State of New York. 1685 

And another Act intituled 

An Act for the Repealing several Acts of Assembly, and Declaring other Ordi- 
nances published as Acts of Assembly to be Void: Past at an Assembly held there 
the 27th November, 1702. 

Upon which we humbly Represent to your Majesty, that upon the Earl of Bello- 
mont's arrival in that Province, he met with gi-eat difficulties by reason of several 
undue practices introduced there by the said preceding Governor, and particularly 
In relation to Extravagant Grants of land, whereof the Earl of Bellomont was 
informed by a memorial from the then Attorney General of New York, a Copy of 
which Memorial is hereunto annexed: But in Order to the setting this matter in a 
full light, We humbly take leave to refer to the Annexed Extract of a Representa- 
tion made by the then Commissioners for Trade & Plantations to the Lords Jus- 
tices, the 19th of October 1698, and the papers relating thereto. 

Upon which and for the reasons therein mentioned the said Lords Justices 
did on the 10th of November 1698 write to the Earl of Bellomont to the Effect 

" Whereas many exorbitant grants of vast tracts of land have been made of 
late Years (and particularly in some of the Mohacq's Country) without any Reser- 
vation of competent Quit Rents to His Majesty, or any Obligation upon the 
Respective Grantees, to cultivate and improve the same, as Reason requires; By 
means whereof the Frontiers of that Province are in danger of being weakened 
by Desertion of the Mohacqs and other neighbouring Indians; and the improve- 
ment and peopling of the whole Province must of necessity be in great measure 
obstructed; together with many Inconveniences evidently attending the same; 
We do therefore hereby direct and require you to put in practice all methods 
whatsoever allowed by law, for the breaking and annulling of the said exhorbitant, 
Irregular and unconditioned Grants, And in case of any difficulty therein, that 
you represent unto his Majes'ty, by one of His Principal Secretaries of State, and 
to His Majesty's forementioned Commissioners for Trade & Plantations, what- 
ever you judge may be further conductive of the effecting of so necessary a Work; 
And further for the prevention of all such like Inconveniences hereafter. We also 
hereby direct and Order, That for the future You pass no Grants of Land within 
His Majesty's said Province of New York unto any Person whatsoever, under a 
less Reservation of Quit Rent than two Shillings and sixpence for every hundred 
acres, nor without an Obligation upon the Grantees to Plant, settle and effectually 
cultivate the same, within the space of three years at the furthest under the Pen- 
alty of the Forfeiture." 

Upon the Receipt of those Orders the Earl of Bellomont called an Assembly 
which met the 2nd of March 1698/9 and passed the first mentioned Act for Vacat- 
ing several of Col. Fletchers Exhorbitant Grants, viz. 

A Grant to Godfrey Dellius and others for a tract of Land, lying on the Mohacqs 
Elver, containing about fifty Miles in length and four Miles in breadth. 

A Grant to the said Godfrey Dellius for a Tract of Land lying on the East side 
of Hudson's River, containing twelve Miles in breadth, and about seventy Miles 
in length. 

A Grant to Col. Bayard for a Tract of Land lying upon a creek which runs 
into the Mohacqs River, containing twenty four or thirty Miles in length; Which 
land is also claimed by the Mohacqs. 

A Grant to Captain Evans for a Tract of Land lying on the West side of Hud- 
sons River containing twenty Miles in breadth and forty Miles in length. 

A Grant to the said Captain Evans of another Tract of Land Adjacent to the 
King's farm, on the Island Manhattan, the contents not known, but described by 

A Grant of the fore mentioned Farm to the Church Wardens & Vestry Men 
of Trinity Church by Lease, for the term of Seven Years from 19th August 1697, 
The Rent fifty Bushels of Wheat per Annum. 



1686 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

A Grant to Col. Caleb Heathcote of a lott of ground, part of the King's Garden 
containing in breadth about twenty seven foot, and in length fifty foot, granted 
to him, his heirs & assigns forever under the Yearly rent of one shilling. 

A Grant to the said Caleb Heathcote of another part of the said Garden by lease 
for the term of forty one years from the 19th August 1697, at the yearly rent of 
four Shillings, the contents whereof are uncertain, as it is described by being 
bounden by the Fence of the said garden, so far as the said garden in the rear 
does extend, and from thence into Hudson's River as far as Low Water Mark. 

Besides the Eight foregoing Grants so Vacated as aforesaid, there do still re- 
main in force several other exorbitant grants with the particulars whereof we 
shall forbear to trouble Your Majesty, till such time as it shall be judged proper 
by Your Majesty to have the like method taken for Vacating and annulling the 
said remaining grants by an Act to be passed in that Province, which however, 
from the reasons given by the Earl of Bellomont, We do apprehend may prove 
a work of great difficulty. 

We therefore humbly Represent to your Majesty that the aforesaid Act for 
vacating Col. Fletcher's Grants having been transmitted hither. Objections were 
made against the confirming the said Act, which objections are in substance as 

*' That such Proceedings would render the Properties of all lands uncertain and 

" That the Lords Justices's Instructions being to break the Grants by legal 
means, the word legal must relate to the law in being." 

" That therefore these Instructions can only mean to Vacate the Grants by a 
Proceeding in the Ordinary course of Justice." 

" That the lands of Dellius and Bayard were by the Grantees purchased of the 
Indians, and afterwards Grants were taken of them from the Crown under final 
Quit Rents by way of acknowledgement to fix the tenure and Soveraignty of them 
In the Crown so that as to these Lands the Revenues are not diminished by the 
said Grants but the territories and Dominions of the Crown are enlarged." 

" That if leases and Conveyances were made of any of the land thus granted, 
the particular persons therein concerned would suffer unjustly. Nobody would 
lend Mony upon Mortgage of any of these lands, or make improvements under 
these Grants, or accept of any leases or Conveyances upon them, nor accept them 
upon Settlements in Marriage etc. 

" That supposing the Grants are Extravagant they ought not therefore to be 
annulled, but rather retrenched, and brought to reasonable limits. 

That if the power of Revoking Grants be left to a Governor Council and As- 
sembly, the Governor may have the choice of so many of the Council, and have 
such an influence in having his own Creatures returned to be of the Assembly, 
that he may at any time Act arbitrarily & unjustly In such Revocations. That 
in this case no redress being to be had, otherwise than by complaining to the 
Crown of such undue Elections, and the matter being to be proved by witnesses 
to be produced here it will be so chargeable that few or none will venture upon 
a thing of that nature, so that justice will hardly be obtained. 

That His late Majesty having solemnly declared under His great Seal, that 
Grants made by his Governors with the Advice ot the Council, should be good 
and effectual against His Majesty, his Heirs and Successors etc. It would lessen 
the Royal Credit." 

To all which Mr. Champante then Agent for New York, did reply as follows: 
" That the Assembly being according to the Constitution of the Province, their 
passing the Act which repeals the Grants, is pursuant to the Lords Justices In- 
structions, which intended a Proceeding by the Legislative Power, by the Words 
made use of, viz. Breaking, Annulling. 

That Dellius' and Bayard's Grants were surreptitiously Obtained, the Proprie- 
tors being then out again the French, and not above six or eight being privy to 
the Transaction; Besides that these few were drunk, and a vast tract of land 
obtained for a very little purchase, upon my Lord Bellomont's Entrlng on that 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1687 

Government and his Lordship's citation of the Persons therein concerned, two of 
the Patentees of the Mohacq's land, surrendered their part of the said Grant, 
declaring that their meaning was, that the land should solely & wholly be kept 
by them in Trust for the benefit of the Mohacq Indians. 

That the Indians themselves did by a public Address to the then Commander 
In Chief & Council there, thank his late Majesty for restoring to them their Land. 

That if Dellius' Grant be not revoked the neighboring Indians will be con- 
strained to Desert and fly to the French. 

That in cases of this Nature particular claims may afterwards be provided for. 

That the Demesnes of the Royal Forts at New York, viz. the lease made to 
the Church of the King's Farm, which used to supply the Governors with Corn; 
the meadow passed away to Captain Evans, and part of the Kings garden to 
Colonel Heathcote are extravagant though not in extent yet in their nature. 

That there is not a Christian Inhabitant on either of Mr. Dellius' grants, neither 
that whereof he was sole grantee, nor on the other wherein Schuyler and others 
were Partners with him, viz. The Mohacq's Land, and the other Grants are liable 
to as great or greater exceptions." 

A strong Argument urged for Vacating these grants is, that great Quantities 
of Masts and other timber fit for Naval Stores, grow upon the lands thus granted 
away, which cannot be Regained to the Benefit of the Crown, till the Grants are 

Sir John Hawles then Solicitor General having been consulted upon this Act, 
We humbly take leave to annex hereunto a copy of his Report, together with the 
Exceptions taken thereunto by the said Agent of that Province.* 

Thus the matter stood 'till the Lord Cornbury's arrival in that Province, when 
an Assembly was called, and the foresaid Act was passed for Repealing several 
Acts of Assembly, and Declaring other Ordinances Published as Acts of Assembly 
to be Void. 

Upon which we take leave to observe that this last mentioned Act Repeals three 
Acts therein particularly named, which said Acts were passed by the Earl of 
Bellomont, viz. 

An act for Regulating Elections for Representatives in general Assembly in 
each respective City and County within this Province. Which Act was confirmed 
by His late Majesty the 5th of September 1700, and appears to us to be a good 
law, and ought not to have been repealed by the Assembly there without your 
Majesty's leave first had. 

An Act to prevent vexatious suits, and settling and quieting the minds of His 
Majesty's Subjects within this Province. 

And the forementioned Act for Vacating and Annulling several Extravagant 
Grants made by Col. Fletcher, late Governor in this Province, under His Majesty. 

And by general Words the said Act repeals all Acts past at an Assembly held 
there, from the 19th of August 1701 to the ISth of October following; and in due 
time We shall lay before Your Majesty, such of them as we conceive may be fit 
and proper for Your Majesty's Royal Confirmation. 

The reasons given for the repealing the foresaid Acts are set forth in the Pre- 
amble of the said Act of Repeal as follows, viz. 

" That several Acts and laws have lately been past in this Colony, with plausi- 
ble and colourable titles and pretences, some of them incongruous and unjust in 
themselves, others to obtain private and sinister ends under the Cloak of Public 
Good, many pretended Acts, as laws, by persons unqualified by right or law to sit 
or act in the Legislative power, and by several as were not the choice of the 
People, And all of them instead of being for the profit and Advantage of the 
Subject as they Ought to be, have been and proved to the Destruction of Property, 
the confining and enervating of Liberty, ruinous to trade, to the impoverishing of 
the people, a discouragement to Industry, and hurtfull to the Settlement and 
prosperity of the Colony." 

Upon which we beg leave to Observe that the Lord Cornbury has not given us 
any particular instances or proofs to make good the foresaid general allegations, 



1688 Ecclesiastical Records 

several of which seem to be of an extraordinary nature, particularly those relating 
to undue Elections, and Disability of several members who constituted the As- 
sembly is therein mentioned. But on the Contrary such of the so repealed Acts 
as have hitherto been under our own Consideration, appearing to us to be for 
Your Majesty's service and the good of that province, We are humbly of Opinion 
that Your Majesty be pleased to Signify Your disapprobation of the Aforesaid 
Act passed in November 1702 for Repealing Several Acts of Assembly and declar- 
ing other Ordinances published as Acts of Assembly to be Void. 

As to the Act passed by the Earl of Bellomont for Vacating breaking and an- 
nulling several Extravagant grants of Land made by Colonel Benjamin Fletcher, 
late Governor of that Province. 

We are humbly of opinion that such Exorbitant grants as are therein men- 
tioned are highly prejudicial to that Province, wherein We are confirmed by Let- 
ters from the Lord Cornbury, complaining of the said Grants; and declaring that 
for some time he refused to pass the Abovementioned Act of Repeal, whereby 
the foresaid vacating Act is among others Repealed, 'till he was induced thereunto 
by the Assembly's having at the same time passed the Mony Bill, in that letter 
mentioned. And we do therefore concur with the late Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations, in their annexed Representation, That it is absolutely necessary 
the said grants be vacated; But that an allowance be nevertheless made by way 
of Regrant to every such grantee of a suitable number of Acres, not exceeding 
two thousand, to any one person under a yearly Quit Rent of two shillings and 
sixpence for every hundred aci-es, with a covenant to plant settle and efCectually 
cultivate at least three Acres of Land for every fifty acres so taken up, within 
three years at the furthest, upon forfeiture of every such grant. If your Majesty 
shall think fit to Approve thereof then we further propose, for the more con- 
venient and equal setting out such Lands, That the Governor Lieutenant Gover- 
nor collector Secretary and Surveyor General of that Province for the time being 
(the Surveyor General always to be one) or any three or more of them to be 
empowered to set out the lands so to be Regranted, they having regard to the 
profitable and unprofitable Acres, so that each grantee may have a proportionate 
number of one sort and t'other, as was done upon the Planting and Settling Your 
Majesty's Kingdom of Ireland. 

And that the production of Naval Stores in these Parts may not receive any 
Impediment by such grants. We further humbly Offer, that in all new patents the 
grantees be restrained, under the Penalty of forfeiting their Patent, from burn- 
ing the Woods to clear the land. And that there be a particular reservation of 
all Trees of the Diameter of twenty four Inches and upwards, at twelve inches 
from the ground, for Masts for Your Majesty's Royal Navy, as also of such other 
Trees as may be fit to make Plank, knees, etc. for the use of Your Majesty's 
Said Navy. 

And in order thereunto We humbly offer that Your Majesty be pleased to ap- 
prove and confirm the said Act for vacating Col. Fletcher's Extravagant Grants. 

All which is nevertheless most humbly submitted. 

' Ph. Meadows 

Jn. Pultney, 

July the 29th, 1707. — Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. pp. 21-26. 

OF THE State oe New Yoek. 1689 

Dutch Church of ISTew Yokk. — On Baptism of Ileegitimate 


August 7, 1Y07. 

The Consistory met and called upon God's name. Resolved, 
unanimously, in order to obviate scandal in reference to the 
baptizing of illegitimate children. 

1. That no children born out of wedlock shall be baptized, if 
the minister is aware of the fact, until the parents, or at least the 
mother, have acknowledged before the Consistory, the greatness 
of their sin, and been warned to repentance and conversion, and 
have also made declaration of the same. 

2. Furthermore, the witnesses (sponsors) must be persons ir- 
reproachable, and known as Christians. 

3. They shall, when it is required, promise in the presence of 
the Consistory, and before the child is publicly baptized, (as well 
as at the public baptism) to bring it up in true Christian doctrine, 
and in the fear of the Lord. — Lib. A. 223. 

Trinity Church. 

Aug. 21, 1707. Ordered " that since the New Version of Psalms are printed, 
next Sunday come seven night, the said New Version by Dr. Brady and Tate be 
sang in Trinity Church and that no other Psalms be sung in the said Church." — 
Records, i. 59. Dix, 165. 

Acts of the Ci^ssis of Amsterdam. 
Suriname and Kew York. 

lYOT, Sept. 5th. The business of Suriname and l^ew York 
remains in statu, ix. 155. 

1707, Oct. 3rd. As to the affairs of Suriname and 'New York, 
the Rev. Classis is expecting further deliverance from the Messrs. 
Directors, and from Pensionary Buys, respectively, ix. 156. 

[A report was expected from Pensionary Buys on the Rights of 
the Dutch Church. See May 24, 1706]. 


1690 ' Ecclesiastical Kecords 


^ A^GLicAisr Chuech in Westchester Co. and on Long Island. 

Rev. Mr. Bartow to the Secretary of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts. 

W. Chester, N. Y. 1st December 1707. 

The first half year being Winter I lodged at a public house 

preaching once every Sunday & upon occasion visiting the sick — After winter was 
over I lived at Coll. Graham's six miles from the Church and, all the summer 
preached twice every Sunday sometimes at West Chester & sometimes at Jamaica 
on Long Island about two miles distant from Mr. Graham's at my own charge, 
nor have I had any board given me since I came & once I met with great disturb- 
ance at Jamaica. Mr. Hobbart their Presbyterian Minister having been for some 
time at Boston returned to Jamaica the Saturday night as I came to it, and sent 
to me at my lodging (being then in company with one Chief Justice Mr. Mumpes- 
son & Mr. Carter her Majesty's Comptroller) to know if I intended to preach on 
the morrow, I sent him answer I did intend it — The next morning the bell rang 
as usual but before the last time ringing Mr. Hobbart was got into the church & 
had begun his service of which notice was given me whereupon I went into the 
church & walked straightway to the pew expecting Mr. Hobbart would des'st 
being he knew I had orders from the Government to officiate there, but he persisted 
& I forbore to make any interruption — In the afternoon I prevented him, begin- 
ning the service of the Church of England before he came who was so surprised 
when after he came to the Church door & saw me performing divine service that 
he suddenly started back & went aside to an orchard hard by, & sent in some to 
give the word that Mr. Hobbart would preach under a tree, then I perceived a 
whispering through the Church & an uneasiness of many people some going out, 
some seemed amazed not yet determined to go or stay in the meantime some 
that had gone out returned again for their seats & then we had a shameful dis- 
turbance bawling & tugging of seats shoving one the other off, carrying them out 
«& returning again for more so that I was fain to leave off till the disturbance 
was over & a separation made by which time I had but about half of the con- 
gregation the rest remaining devout & attentive the whole time of service after 
which we lock't the church door & committed the key into the hands of the 
Sheriff; we were no sooner got into an adjoining house but some persons came 
to demand the key of their meeting house which being denied they went and 
broke the Glass window & put a boy in to open the door & so put in their seats 
& took away the pew cushion saying they would keep that however for their 
own Minister the scolding & wrangling that ensued are by me inefflble — The next 
time I saw my Lord Cornbury he thanked me & said he would do the Church & 
me justice, accordingly he summoned Mr. Hobbart & the head of the faction 
before him & forbad Mr. Hobbart ever more to preach in the Church, for in 
regard it was built by a publick tax it did appertain to the Established church 
(which it has quietly remained ever since & now in possession of our Rev. 
Brother Mr. Urquhart) My Lord Cornbury threatened them all with the penalty 
of the Statute for disturbing divine service, but upon their submission & promise 
of future quietness & peace he pardoned the offence. 

*** The above letter has reference apparently to the Riot of July, 1703, 
noticed in the order of Council of the 27th of that month. See Ante. — Doc. Hist. 
N. y. Vol. iii. pp. 131-132. 

Observations of the Bishop of London Regarding a Suf- 
fragan FOR America. December 1707. 

The present disorders now arising in some of ye Plantations, and likely to 
increase to an entire discouragement of the Clergy there already Established, doe, 
I presume, fully convince the necessity of having a Bishop Established in those 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1691 

The only question therefore is, what sort of Bishop will be most proper first 
to settle there. An absolute Bishop, as that of the Isle of Man, will not be so 
proper, at least to begin with, for these reasons. 

1. It will give a great alarm to the several colonies, as it did in King Charles 
ye 2nd time, when there came over Petitions and addresses with all violence 

2. Because the grounds of that great opposition are generally still ye same. 

3. For the true reason of their averseness to a Bishop, is the great apprehension 
they have of being restrained from that Licentiousness they now too often put 
in practice. 

4. As in Virginia they seldom present a minister to the Governor to be inducted, 
but keep him as a probationer all the while he stays with them, that they may 
make what Composition they please with him for his allowance, and it may be 
give him leave to make up the rest by taking care of a Neighbouring Parish. 

5. Besides, all over the Plantations they frequently take other men's wives, 
are guilty of Bigamy and incest, which they are apprehensive would be more 
strictly enquired into, had they a Bishop to inspect over them. 

Now a Suffragan would come among them with all necessary power to restrain 
vice and keep good order, without any noise or clamour. 

1. They having been already used to a Commissary, a Bishop will come in 
upon them more insensibly, if he comes over by the same authority, and under 
ye same Jurisdiction as the other did. 

2. Confirmation, Consecration of Churches and conferring Holy Orders are 
powers they desire to have among them; and when they come in only by the 
change of a Title, it will be cheerfully received as a thing of their own seeking. 

3. It will be the safest way to take at first for a proof how it will take amongst 
them, and all faults and defects ma.v more easily be corrected and amended; 
because it will not be neer so troublesome to question or remove a Suffragan 
Bishop as another; nor will his being put out of office be neer so inconvenient. 

4. Besides the beginning of -any new establishment ought to be carried on 
gradually, which will make all steps easier and in case of disappointment the 
matter will not be so grievous. 

This is what occurs to me at present of such observations as I apprehend proper 
to be laid down.— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. pp. 29, 30. 
(December 1707.) 

The Kecoeds of the Board of Trade. List of Items Relat- 
ing TO THE Palatines. 

[Volume 20. Journal M. Jan. 2, 1707/8 to Jan. 28, 1708/9.] 
May 27, 1708. A list including names, ages and qualifications of 

Palatines was presented. Page 157. 
May 27, 1708. A list of 14 persons, with their ages and qualifica- 
tions was presented ; 12 from the Palatinate 
and two from Holstein. Page 157. 
June 14, 1708. An agreement was drawn up with Joshua Kocher- 
thal and John Christian Jacobi concerning the 
dividing of the money among the Palatines. 
Page 185. 




1692 Ecclesiastical, Records 

June 14, 1T08. A paper was signed by the Lutherans empower- 
ing Kocherthal to receive such sums of money 
as should be ordered for them. Page 135. 

June 28, 1708. A list of names and trades of 4 Lutherans lately 
arrived from Germany, also a list of names 
and trades of 12 others before mentioned was 
presented to the Board of Trade. Page 222. 

Volume 21, Journal K Feb. 1, 1708 to May 26, 1710. 

May 16, 1709. Memorial of Mr. Ludolph and Justice Chamber- 

May 12, 1709. Eevs. Tribbeko and Ruperti presented a memorial 

setting forth the condition of 852 Palatines. 

Page 95. 
May 21, 1709. A list of these Palatines was presented to the 

London Board of Trade, Page 104. 806 

names. , 

May 25, 1709. An abstract of this list was made containing 

names of 60. Page 112. 
June 1, 1709. Kev. Trebbeki made a second list of Palatines 

containing 1193 names. This list also gives 

their ages and qualifications. Page 119. 
June 27, 1709. A list of persons arriving in London June 2nd & 

11th together with an abstract of the two 

foiTaer lists was presented to the Board. Page 

Dec. 20, 1709. An instrument was drawn up and signed by the 

Palatines holding them to the terms of Dec. 

5th. Page 315. 

Volume 22. Journal O. June 1, 1710 to October 31, 1711. 

Jan. 16, 1710. At this time there were 2227 Palatines in ISTew 

York. Lots there were 40'x50'. Page 186. 
Jan. 25, 1710/11. Du Pre's account of the Palatines. Page 205. 

OF THE State of iN^EW York. 1693 

Jan. 26, 1710/11. Copies of all papers in the office of the London 

Board of Trade relating to the Palatines 

were sent to the House of Commons. Page 


The ahove taken from the records of the London Board of Trade 

1682-1785 in library of Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 

Philadelphia, on March 6th, 1897. 

Wm. Pegley. 

Partial list of the Documents preserved. 

'No. Nevf York Bundle Y & Z. 

Z. 35 Letters of Lord Lovelace, Dec. 18, 1708. 
39 Letters of Lord Lovelace, March 4, 1709. 
50 Letter of thanks from Kocherthal, Aug. 29, 1709. 
70 Letter of Simderland to Pres. of Council of New York, 
Nov. 10, 1709. 

74 Memorial of Hunter about settling 3000 Palatines in 

New York, E'ov. 30, 1709. 

75 Additional memorial of Hunter. 

76 Letter from Sunderland about instruments to be drawn 

for Palatines to sign. 

77 Rough draught of a covenant for Palatines. 

80 Letter of Attorney General enclosing amended draught 

of agreement, Dec. 1709. 
85 Letter of Sunderland signifying the Queens approbation 

about Palatines, Jan. 1710. 
91 Some observations on vine planting in America by 


97 Letter of Gov. Hunter announcing his arrival in ITew 

York, Jan. 16, 1710. 

98 Letter of Hunter, July .24, 1710. 

100 Letter of Col. Quary to Mr. Pultney, July 5, 1710. 


































1694 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Partial list of the Documents preserved. 

Miscellanies Bundle D & E. 
Letter of Sunderland, May 3, 1709. 
Letter to Sunderland, May 5, 1709. 
Memorial of the two Lutheran Ministers, May 12, 

List of 852 names. 
Letter of Sunderland, May 15, 1709. 
Memorial from the United Gov. Assistant So- 
ciety of London for Royal Mines. 
Letter of Mr. Taylor, May 23. 
Letter of Mr. Chamberlayne with account what 

had been done for Palatines, May 25, 1709. 
Abstract of List of Palatines, May 25, 1709. 
Report of Attorney and Solicitor General, 

June 1. 
D. 64 11 Second list of Palatines with 1193 names with 

letter of Mr. Bayle, June 1, 1709. 
D. 65 12 Petition of Gov. Assistants of Royal Mines with 

letter of Bayle, June 2, 1709. 
D. 66 13 Letter of Sunderland accompanying proposal of 

Chamberlayne, June 13, 1709. 
D. 68 14 Additional proposal of Chamberlain, June 20, 

Third list of Palatines arrived June 2. 
Eourth list of Palatines arrived June 11. June 

21, 1709. 
Abstract of fourth list 
Four long money accounts of Tribbeke, June 21, 

Memorial of Mr. Tribbeke, June 23, 1709. 
Memorial of Society for Royal Mines employing 

Palatines in mines of Wales. 












74 18 




OF THE State of ISTew Yokk. 1695 

D. 75 21 Copy of her Majesty's warrant of June 4 allow- 
ing 24 pounds additional to the 16 pounds. 
22 Copy of her Majesty's warrant dated June 14 
allowing 40 pounds above former forty. 

Anglican Chuech at Rye. 

Mr. Muirson to the Secretary of the Society for Propagating the Gospel. 

Jan. 9, 1708. 

Honored Sir: — You desire me to give an account of all those persons that con- 
tribute to my support in these parts. That I can easily do; they are but few, for 
Since I came into the country, I have not received in all above eighteen pounds 
though there is a salary of fifty pounds per annum, New York money, established 
by Act of Assembly upon the minister of this parish: but the people being very 
poor, and the building of our church having cost a great deal, I thought it more 
proper to bear with them, than to exact by force what is due; and So Suffer 
rather in my own condition, than that the house of God should not be finished, 
which now, to my great comfort, is completed, and a Stately fabric it is indeed. 
It was built by the Inhabitants of the Town of Rye, without the help of the 
parish. And as for Subscriptions from other parts of the Government, we have 
had none but I expect Some at York for making the pulpit, communion table, 
and finishing the Seats. 

You direct me to bring to church the negroes and Indians of this parish, and 
to consult with Mr. Neau about the most proper means for their instruction. 
Mr. Neau is a good, religious man, his conversation is desirable and edifying. I 
always have, and ever shall esteem it my happiness to keep a Settled corre- 
spondence with him; for I know he will joyfully do anything that may contribute 
to the conversion of infidels to Christianity. But there are only a few negroes in 
this parish. Save what are in Colonel Heathcote's family, where I think there 
are more than in all the parish besides. However, So many as we have, I shall 
not be wanting to use my endeavors for their good. 

As to the Indians, the natives of the country, they are a decaying people. We 
have not now in all this parish twenty families; whereas, not many years ago, 
there were several hundreds. I have frequently conversed with Some of them, 
and been at their great meetings of powowing, as they call It. I have taken 
some pains to teach Some of them but to no purpose; for they seem regardless 
of instruction; and when I Jiave told them of the evil consequences of their hard 
drinking, etc., they replied that Englishmen do the same; and that it is not 
So great a Sin In an Indian as in an Englishman; because the Englishman's 
religion forbid's, but an Indian's does not. They further say they will not be 
Christians nor do they see the necessity for So being, because we do not live 
according to the precepts of our religion. In Such ways do most of the Indians 
that I have conversed with either here or elsewhere, express themselves. I am 
heartily sorry that we should give them such a bad example, and fill their 
mouths with Such objections against our blessed religion. But to prevent this, 
as likewise many disorders that are among us, I know of no better way than 
that the honorable Society would be pleased to recommend to our Governor, my 
Lord Cornbury, or if he is called home, to his Successor, to make some Acts 
of Assembly against the many vices and immoralities that are too common in 
most places of this Government, or to take care that the wholesome laws of our 
realm be put In execution against the offenders. Swearing and drinking and 
Sabbath breaking, are chiefly predominant, which are all owing to the evil example 
and great neglect of our magistrates; and that, again, is owing to the neglect 
and indifforency of our Superior Officers, who mind but little whether our justices 
discharge their duty in that affair or not. 



1696 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

These things put a great Stop to the growth of piety and godliness among us, 
and it is an objection that I frequently met with from Several dissenters, both 
in this and in the neighboring Colony, that many of the members of the Church 
of England are irregular in their lives, and therefore they ought not and will 
not join. The consequence is unjust and groundless being the unworthiness of 
one or more communicants, is not charged a Sin upon him who receives it in a 
fit and becoming manner. Yet, however, among ignorant and unthinking people, 
and even Sometimes among the more knowing too, it is a great hindrance and 
stumbling-block, and is partly the reason that Some of your missionaries have So 
few communicants. 

I thank God, I have no great reason to complain of my own people, nor do I 
mention these things for their sakes only, but for the good of the whole, And 
I heartily wish that the honorable Society would do their endeavor that a good 
governor may be Sent; one that will discharge his place faithfully, and take 
care that others under him would do the same. This will be a means of bringing 
about a happy reformation, and will wonderfully conduce to the interest of our 
Church in these parts. 

Sir, I entreat your acceptance of my most humble and hearty thanks for the 
kind and Christian advice you were pleased to tender me in relation to Connecti- 
cut. Such measures as you propose, I have all along observed; and I am sure 
no man in that Colony can justly accuse me of the contrary. I know that meek- 
ness and moderation is most agreeable to the mind of our blessed Saviour, 
Christ, who himself was meek and lowly, and would have all his followers to 
learn that lesson of him. It was a method by which Christianity was at first 
propagated, and it is still the best policy to persuade mankind to receive 
instruction. Gentleness and Sweetness of temper is the readiest way to engage 
the affections of the people; and charity to those who differ from us in opinion, 
is the most likely to convince them that our labours are intended for the welfare 
of their Souls; whereas passionate and rash methods of proceeding will fill their 
minds with prejudices against both our persons and our principles, and utterly 
indispose them against all the means we can make use of to reclaim them from 
their errors. I have duly considered all these things, and have carried myself 
civilly and kindly to the Independent party, but they have ungratefully resented 
my love; yet I will further consider the obligations that my holy religion layd 
upon me, to forgive injuries and wrongs, and to return good for their evil. 

Thus I hope, by God's assistance, I shall behave myself, and avoid the doing 
anything that may bring blame upon that godly Society, whose missionary I am, 
or hinder the progress of that glorious work they have undertaken; and ever 
since I have been invited into that Colony, I have been so far from endeavouring 
to intrench upon the toleration which Her Majesty has declared She will pre- 
serve, that, on the contrary I desired only a liberty of conscience might be allowed 
to the members of the National Church of England; which, notwithstanding they 
Seemed unwilling to grant, and left no means untried, both foul and fair, to 
prevent the Settling the Church among them. Forgone of their Justices came 
to my lodging, and forewarned me, at my perill, from preaching; telling me that 
I did an illegal thing in bringing in new ways among them. The people were 
likewise threatened with prison and a forfeiture of five pounds for coming to 
hear me. 

It will require more time than you will willingly bestow on these lines, to 
express how rigidly and Severely they treat our people, by taking their estates 
by distress when they do not willingly pay to support their ministers. And though 
every Churchman in that Colony pays his rate for the building and repairing 
their meeting houses, yet they are So maliciously Set against us, that they deny 
us the use of them, though; on week days; they tell our people that they will 
not suffer the house of God to be defiled with idolatrous worship and Superstitious 
ceremonies. They are so bold that they Spare not openly to Speak reproachfully 
and with great contempt of our church. They say the Sign of the Cross is the 
mark of the beast, and the sign of the devil; and that those that receive it are 
given to the devil. And when our people complain to their magistrates of the 
persons who thus speak, they will not so much as sign a warrant to apprehend 
them, nor reprove them for their offence. This is quite a different character to 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1697 

what, perhaps you have heard of that people; for I observe particularly one expres- 
sion of your letter, where you Say they are an ignorant, hot heady, but a well 
meaning people. That they are ignorant, I can easily grant; for if they had either 
much knowledge or goodness, they would not act and Say as they do; but that 
they are hot heady, I have too just reasons to believe; and as to their meaning, 
I leave that to be interpreted by their unchristian proceedings with us, whoever 
informed you so, I may freely Say, that he was not so well acquainted with the 
constitution of that people, as I am who give you the contrary information. I 
beg that you would believe that this account (though seemingly harsh and severe, 
yet no more than is true,) does not proceed from want of charity either toward 
their souls or bodies, but purely for the good of both. And to give you better 
information concerning the state of that people, that proper remedies may be 
taken for curing the evils that are among them, and that our Churchmen in that 
Colony may not be oppressed and insulted over by them; but that they may 
obtain a liberty of conscience, and call a minister of their own communion, and 
that they may be freed from paying to their ministers, they may be enabled to 
maintain one of their own. This is all these good men desire. 

I have lately preached to a Dutch Congregation about eighteen miles from this 
town; they seem to be well disposed to the church, and I intend to give them 
frequent visits on week days, but more of this hereafter. [Probably Harlem.] 

Mr. Cleator is still with us; he continues faithful in the discharge of his duty, 
(he is, according to your instructions,) very useful and serviceable to me upon 
all occasions. He reads divine service and sermons to the people, when the 
affairs of the Church call me abroad. In short, I believe him to be a very good 
man, and that he justly deserves your bounty. I hope by this time Mr. Moore 
and Mr. Brooke are with you two good men indeed who suffered for discharging 
their office. I intended to have laid down some arguments to show the necessity 
we have of a bishop among us; but I think their treatment will be sufficient for 
all. And If some speedy methods be not taken, I cannot tell how soon theirs may 
be our fate. There was a time when our Governor looked with a favorable 
countenance upon us; but tempera mutantur, I pray God to put It into the 
hearts of our Superiours at home to send us a head to bless and protect the 

Honored Sir, Tour most assured friend and very humble Servant, 

Geo. Muirson. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. Hi. pp. 566-568. 

Rye, 9tli Jaa. 1707-8. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Antonides. 

1708, Jan. 10th. A letter was also read from Rev. Antonides. 
In this it was related that the irregularities which had been com- 
mitted there, had been somewhat remedied according to the 
regulations of the ISTetherlands churches. There was hope of full 
restoration, (to ecclesiastical order) if the Rev. Classis would be 
pleased to keep its hand on the business. The Rev. Classis most 
earnestly recommends this matter to the Rev. Deputati ad 
Maritimas. Let them be watchful in this business, (and keep the 
civil power) in the place where it belongs. The necessary ex- 



1698 Ecclesiastical Records 

penses therefor shall be taken out of ISTew York moneys which 
have been sent over for that purpose; even as out of that money, 
have twenty five guilders been assigned to the Rev. Deput. for 
the payment of expenses already incurred, ix. 158. 

Teinitt Church Loans Money to Build a Church in Con- 

1708, Jan. 26. 

The loan of one hundred pounds sought, for two years, to build a church at 
Stratford, Ct. Records, i. 59. " This record is an interesting one, as it marks 
the beginning of that policy which resulted in the loss of the Corporation, 
through gifts and grants in all directions, and to an innumerable company of 
applicants, of nearly two thirds of their entire estate. The policy was not 
changed till some thirty years ago, (about 1868); had it not been, little, if any 
of the original endowment would have been left; our down town churches would 
have been sold arid removed, and the parish might have been in a state of bank- 
ruptcy. — Dix, 165. 

A Full & Just Discovery of the weak & slender foundation of a most Pernicious 
slander Raised against the French Protestants Refugees Inhabiting the 
Province of New York generally, but more particularly affecting Capt. Benjamin 
Faneiul, A Person of considerable note amongst them. 

Feb. 10, 1708. 
Printed and Published by Licence of his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, 

Capt. General and Governor in Chief of the said Province, in favour of Justice. 

To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain General and Governour in 
Chief of the Provinces of New York, New Jersey, and the Territories depending 
thereon in America and Vice Admirall of the same. 

The Humble Petition of some of the French Protestant Refugees Inhabiting in 
the City of New York, in behalf of themselves and others. 

Humbly sheweth unto your Excellency: 

That there is lately arrived in this city one Morris Newinhuysen, who, in the 
year 1706, being Mate on board a vessel bound from hence to England, was taken 
by the French, and made Prisoner of War. 

That since his arrival a very infamous, pernicious, and detestable Report is 
clandestinely and industriously spread abroad amongst the Inhabitants of this 
City and Province, of a certain Correspondence said to be maintained by some of 
the French Protestants here, with the Inhabitants of France, tending to the taking 
and destruction of this City by her Majesty's declared enemies, which has been 
discovered by the said Newenhuysen by Letters which were found (as is said) on 
board the said Vessel, and were by him seen, opened, and read after his being 
taken. Which your Excellency's Petitioners are in great hopes will prove al- 
together false and untrue. It being a crime of so high a nature in itself, and so 
much abhorred by your Excellency's Petitioners, and being as yet unable, by legal 
proof, to fix this Slander and Infamy on any particular Person, and so very uneasle 
under so general an Accusation, and having good reason to believe that It takes 
its original and rise from the said Morris Newinhuysen, 

They therefore make their humble Application to .vour Excellency, humbly 
praying, may it please your Excellency to cause the said Morris Newinhuysen, 
and all others who may appear concerned, to be strictly examined upon the same 
Report, that if any such Offenders, in this respect, be found out, they may be 
punished according to the nature of their Crime, and the innocent be protected 

OF THE State of IN'ew Yoek. 1699 

and secured from the great Damage and hurt of the Infamy of so vile and great 
a Crime, in such Methods as shall seem most agreeable to your Excellency's great 
Prudence and Justice. And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, shall ever pray, etc. 
Stephen D'Laneey, Paul Droilet, 

Elias Nezereau, Augustus Jay, 

Abraham Jouneau, Jean Cazale, 

Thomas Bayeux, Banjamin Faneuil. 

iiilias Neau, 

10, 1707/8. 
Followed by several affidavits. — Doc. X. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 2.59. 280. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

l^ew York. 

1708, April 2nd. The case of Isew York remains in statu. 
ix. 160. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, 1708. 

From a letter from Xew York, May 23, 1706. From a letter 
from Rev. du Bois of ISTew York. 

1. This states that it had greatly pleased him and the Con- 
sistory of jSTew York, that the Classis of Amsterdam had pro- 
vided two praiseworthy and learned ministers, the Revs. Anto- 
nides and Beys, for the churches of Long Island and of Kingston. 

2. It thanks the Classis for its love and affection as displayed, 
in regard to the welfare of these churches. 

3. It makes known how that he (du Bois) with the Revs. An- 
tonides and Beis and the Consistory of Flatbush, had called on 
the Hon. Governor, to offer their respects, (services) to his Ex- 
cellency; but that they had been badly received by his Excel- 

4. That his Excellency was not willing to permit them to 
exercise their office, without having received a license from him, 
and on such terms as they could not have accepted. The aid of 
Classis was requested. 

5. The letter says concerning the congregation of IS'ew Albany, 
that he (Du Bois) knows nothing more than that it is in peace; 




lYOO Ecclesiastical Records 

that the pastorless church of Schonegtade was inclined and ready 
to invite a minister from the Fatherland, and was awaiting only 
the result of the action of Classis. The other congregations were 
growing, and were able to maintain ministers. 

6. It further makes known that he (du Bois) had caused to 
he printed a compendium of the Christian doctrine, drawn from 
the Heidelberg Catechism, and submitted it to the judgment of 
the Rev. Classis. 

7. It makes report on the state of his own church, (New York), 
which was at rest and peace. There was but one school-master 
in the city, but it needed more of them. A request had been 
made (to Cornbury) to be allowed to have one more, but this 
could not be secured. Therefore the decline of the congregation 
was apprehended from the decline of nurturing schools. Finally, 
request was made with all earnestness for the help and inter- 
cession of the Rev. Classis. The letter ends with a wish for a 
blessing, xxi. 488. 

[This letter was written May 23, 1706 ; but it was probably 
delayed by Cornbury, as it was two years old, when received.] 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Extract from a letter of John Godfrey Dailly,* of the Cape of 

Good Hope. 

1708, April 13th. 1. He relates his safe arrival, having been 
on the journey eight months and five days; or since May 13, 1707. 

2. That Rev. Bik, on his arrival there, was laboring alone. 
He then left for his own church at Stellenbos. 

3. That the church consisted of about one hundred and seventy 

* This letter with other items of Jan. 11, 1707, is added because of the similarity 
of name to that of Godfridus Dellius, as it may bring to light some connection. 
Was this man a son of Godfriedus Dellius of Albany? 

OF THE State of New Yore:. 1701 

4. That, to his regret, the church was divided into two parties, 
each of which was too passionate, 

5. That he held himself neutral in the hope of restoring peace 
and unity. 

6. He could wish that Rev. le Bouq had acted somewhat more 

7. He concludes with a wish for blessings, xxi. 499. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Letter to Dailly at the Cape. 1708? 

Keverend, Pious, Very Learned Sir, and Brother in Christ: — 
Your favor of April 13th of this year (1708?) greatly rejoiced us, 
because we perceived therefrom your safe arrival after a difficult 
and long voyage. Our prayer unto God is, that He will bless 
your work and make it fruitful unto the gathering of many 
souls. It grieves us to the heart that there is such dissension 
in the church, towards which it appears the passionateness of 
Rev, le Bouq has contributed much. That there is great bitter- 
ness evinced by the letter from the consistory, which is in pretty 
harsh style. We are glad that you keep yourself neutral; for 
that is the right way to pacify such minds. We also live in the 
hope that you will soon cause to revive, by your vdsdom which 
is from above and peaceable, that peace and unity which so well 
befit the Church of Christ. Rev. Kalde has defended himself 
before us in such a manner that we took satisfaction in it. But 
since Rev. le Bouq has sent us long papers in which were con- 
tained matters laid to the charge of Rev. Kalde, and time has 
not yet permitted these to be carefully examined. Rev. Kalde 
has agreed to defend himself against everything that may be 
brought against him, even as he has already defended himself 
satisfactorily generally, upon the most serious points; and we 



1702 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

have let liim go from among iis with commendations. We are 
still groaning under the severe war,* although we have cause to 
thank God that he has blessed our arms in this campaign, f 

In the place of the deceased Rev. Jacob Streso, there has been 
called here at Amsterdam Eev. Hermanns van de Wal, from 
Zutphen. In the place of Eev. Schaek, also deceased, the Rev. 
I^icholas Wiltens has been called from Bois-le-duc ; and in the 
place of Rev. Homoet, who has become emeritus. Rev. John 
d'Outrern of Dort. We conclude with the prayers to God, that 
He will strengthen you in soul and body, make you acceptable 
in person and labors, and pour out upon you (lit. inundate you) 
with all blessings, xxi. 499-500. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

]^ew York. 

1708, May 7th. The case of jSTew York remains in statu; as 
also that of Suriname, according to the previous acta. ix. 162. 

Order of Council for ]SrATURALizixcT and Sending Certain 
Palatines to New York. 

At the Court of Kensington ye 10th of May 1708. 

The Queens Most Excellent Majesty in Couneill. 

Upon reading this at the Board a Report from the Lords Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations dated the 28th of April last in the Words Following Vizt. 

May it please your Majesty: — 1 \ ' 

Having in obedience to your Majesty's Commands Signified to us by the Right 
Honorable Mr. Secretary Boyle considered the Petition of Joshua Kockerthal the 
Evangelical Minister in behalf of himself and severall poor Lutherans come hither 
from the Lower Palitinat in Germany praying to be transported to some of your 
Majesty's plantations in America; we humbly take leave to represent to your 
Majesty that they are in number forty one: Vizt. Ten Men, Ten Women and 
Twenty one Children, That they are very necessitous and in the utmost want not 
having present anything (but what they get by Charity:) to subsist themselves. 
That they have been reduced to this miserable Condition by the Ravages Com- 
mitted by the French in the Lower Palitinat, where they lost all they had, That 
they have produced to us severall Testimonials from the Bayliffs or Principall 
Magistrates in the Villages where they dwelt, which by the assistance of the 
Ministers of the Lutheran Church here we have Examined and find that they give 

* War of the Spanish succession, 1702-1713. 

t All of Marlborough's campaigns were thus blessed. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 1703 

a good character of the said Minister and the others with him. Whereupon we 
would hare offered that those People might be settled in Jamaica or Antego there 
being large Tracts of Land not taken up or Inhabited, and great want of white 
People but in regard that the Climate of those Islands is so much hotter than that 
part of Germany from whence they came It is to be feared it may not be 
agreeable to their Constitutions, and therefore We humbly propose that they be 
sent to Settle upon Hudson's River in the Province of New York, where they may 
be useful to this Kingdom particularly in the production of naval stores and as 
a frontier against the ffrench and their Indians. And this your Majesty be en- 
abled to do by granting them the Usuall Number of Acres of Land if your Majesty 
Shall please to Confirm the Act passed at New York the 2nd of March 1698/9 
Entituled An Act for Vacating Breaking and annulling Severall Extravagant 
Grants of Land made by Coll. Fletcher late Governor of that Province, as we 
humbly offered to your Majesty by our Representation of the 29th of July last 
without which there is no land but what is Engrossed by the patentees of the 
said Extravagant Grants. 

And in case your Majesty shall approve of their going to New Y'ork. we Immlily 
represent to your Majesty that the Cheapest way of Transporting them will be in 
the Man of War and Transport Ship that shall be ordered to goe with the Lord 
Lovelace, for we do not find that they can be carryed thither by any other way 
under Eight or Ten pounds per head for the Men and Women and proportionably 
for the Children. 

And we do further humbly offer that they be suppleyed here with the necessary 
Tools for agriculture to be sent with them, to Enable them to begin and make 

As these people are in the utmost Necessity they will not be able to Subsist 
there till they can reap the fruit of their Labour (which will not be till after one 
years Time) unless assisted by your Majesty's Bounty, or that the Province of 
New York contribute towards their Maintenance during that time, but as we are 
informed that Province is at present very poor and much in debt there will be no 
reason to expect any great supply from thence. 

We further offer, That before their departure they may be made Denizens of this 
Kingdom for their greater Encouragement in the Enjoyment of the Priviledgps ac- 
cruing by such Letters of Denization. Which is most humbly submitted. 

Stamford. Ph. Meadows 
Herbert I. Pulteney. 

Her Majesty in Councill approving the said Report and taking into Consideration 
the great sufferings and Poverty of the said poor Lutherans is graciously pleased 
to Order, that they be made Denizens of this Kingdom according to the above- 
mentioned Report, and one of Her Majesty's Principall Secretarys of State is to 
prepare a Warrant for Her Majesty's Royall Signature Directing Mr. Sollicitor 
Generall to prepare a Bill in order to pass the great Seal for niakiotr the I'-^ti- 
tloners free Denizens accordingly: and Her Majesty is further pleased to order 
that the Petitioners be not obliged to pay any Fees or other Charges for passing 
the said Letters of Denization. 

Edward Southwell. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. 327, 328. 

Trinity Church to the Bishop of London Concerning the 

Queen's Farm. 

June 2 (1708). Trinity Church takes the following action: 

" That this Board do represent to the Bishop of London the Patent for the 
Queen's Farm and Garden and Act of Assembly relating thereto ". Records i. G6. 

" That from the expiration of the Revenue of this Province Mr. Vesey be paid 
twenty six pounds per annum out of the rent of the Queen's Farm, if the Gov- 
ernment do not pay the same, for his house rent " 



1Y04 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Mr. Jamieson was to reply to a letter from the Archbishop of Canterbury and 
make known to him " the state of the Church ". Records i. 66. 

The Assembly having taken action hostile to the Church, a letter to the Bishop 
of London was prepared by the Vestry of Trinity Church and read June 17, (1708.) 
The Assembly had voted 

" That no Governor thereafter should have power to Grant or Demise 

for longer time than his owne Government, the said Farm and Garden, as being 
amongst other things, the Denison of her Majesty's Port in New York, and de- 
clare all other Grants of said Farm or Garden to be void ipso facto "; but Grov- 
ernor Cornbury had this Act repealed. The letter then gives the financial con- 
dition of the Parish, and says that Mr. Vesey had " an allowance for his house 
rent out of the Revenue of this Province; our Church at the time of its first 
being granted being considerably indebted, by building of their Church and Steeple, 
were not in a capacity to build for the minister a Dwelling house; the payment 
of this allowance had likewise been stopped and interrupted, which put us upon 
the necessity of supplying that defect out of our weekly contributions for some 
time, until the arrival of the Viscount Cornbury, who soon after got an Act passed 
for the better establishment of this maintenance of our Minister, by which in- 
stead of one hundred pounds per annum, is provided for Mr. Vesey during his life 
or continuance amongst us, one hundred and sixty pounds per annum; and his 
Lordship did likewise make good to him the former allowance out of the Revenue, 
twenty six pounds per annum, two last years only excepted; the Garden being 
about a quarter of a mile from the Fort, about half an acre of ground out of Fence, 
a common place for dung and rubbish, of no benefit to any Governor; but, ad- 
joining upon the south side of the Church-yard, and very commodiously situated 
for a dwelling house and garden to our Minister; afterwards, to wit, the 23rd of 
Nov. 1705, before that Law al)out extravagant Grants was approved, and the 
other repealed, his Lordship did Grant to us a Patent for the said Farme and 
Garden, forever, under a small quitrent, and this condicon thereunder written, — 
that if his Majesty's Captain-General and Governor in Chief for the time being, 
of the said Province, should at any time thereafter cease or forbear the yearly 
payment of twenty six pounds for the said House rent, which has been paid out 
of the Revenue in the said Province, and at such time, no suitable house should 
be erected. Which Revenue of the Province of New York, on the 18th day of 
May last (1708.) did expire by its own limitation and so remains discontinued. 
Now so it is please your Lordship. 

The Acts of the Assembly of this Province being transmitted for her Majesty's 
Royal assent or disallowance. We are lately informed her Majesty has been gra- 
ciously pleased on some precedent consideration to approve and allow that Act 
made against the extravagant Grants and to repeal the other Act of Assembly, 
which did repeal the same, by which means we are apprehensive the foundation 
of the Patent of the year 1705, granting the said Farme and Garden is like to 
(be) disputed. 

We demised said Farme for five years at thirty pounds per annum which is not 
yet expired, and upon the determination of the Revenues. We passed a vote at 
our meeting in a full Vestry for payment of the twenty six pounds to Mr. Vesey 
for his house rent. Since the granting of this Patent for the Farme and Garden 
we put the Garden into Fence, and built therein a stone wall which cost us up- 
wards of fifty pounds and have let it for ten years, without any rent, on condition 
to improve the same with fruit trees and walks against such time we shall be 
able to build a dwelling house in the front thereof for our Minister. If it be her 
Majesty's Royal pleasure the Farme or Garden, or both, should continue the 
denisons of the succeeding Governor we readily submit to her gracious will and 
pleasure; but if her Majesty's Royal intention or purpose in affirming and repealing 
of these two laws was for other good ends and purposes, we doubt not but that her 
Majesty will be graciously pleased to give directions for settling us upon a surer 
foundation in the peaceable enjoyment of ye said Farme and Garden ". 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1705 

The Vestry then beg the good offices of the Bishop in presenting the subject 
to the Queen, while they further add, 

" neither can we omit remiuding your Lordship, how we are still obliged for the 
loan and use of the Communion Plate of her Majesty's Chapel in the Fort in New 
York, in that our Books, Vestments, are almost worn out, and how we have been 
granted by her Sacred Majesty for a supply of those things to our Church in 
particular, but by what ill fate or accident we know not, have them not to this 

They also send " a copy of that paraph of the Viscount Cornbury's Commission 
for New York relating to the power of granting lands ". — Dix, 169-171. 

Second Petition of the Reverend Joshua Kochekthal to 

the Queen. [June 22, 1708.] 

To the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 

The humble Petition of Joshua de Kocherthai Minister, on behalf of himself and 
other Distressed Persons, lately arrived from Palatinate and Holstein. 

Most humbly Sheweth That your sacred Majesty being pleased to receive the 
Petitioners late humble Petition with such great clemency and Royal favour, he is 
thereby incouraged to prostrate himself once more before your Majesty, and to 
inform your Majesty with the utmost submission, that fourteen Persons more 
three whereof are natives of Holstein, are arrived here unexpectedly from the 
Palatinate who having suffered under the Calamity which happened last year in 
the Palatinate by the Invasion of the French, in this their Deplorable Condition 
are desirous to settle themselves in some of your Majesty's Plantations in America, 
but by reason of their extream Poverty, they cannot Defray their charges for 
passage thither, they humbly Implore your Royal Majesty, that they may be per- 
mitted to go thither in company with the forty one persons, to whom Your 
Majesty has most graciously allowed a free passage thither; and that they may 
also enjoy the same Royal Mercy and Priviledges. And whereas your petitioner 
cannot hope for competent subsistence in America, after his arrival there, he 
most humbly entreats Your Majesty to grant him such Sallary, for the support 
of himself and family, as Your Majesty in your great Clemency shall think fit. 

And your Petitioners (as in Duty Bound) shall ever Pray, etc. — Col. Hist. N. Y. 
Vol. V. p. 44. 

Mr. Boy^le to the Lords of Trade. 

To the Right Honorable The Lords Commissioners of Trade and 

My Lords. 

Having laid before the Queen the Inclosed Petition of Joshua 
Kocherthai, Minister concerning several other Distressed Protest- 
ants newly arrived from the Palatinat & Holsteyn who are like- 
wise desirous to be transported to Her Majesty's Plantations in 
America, in the same manner and with the same advantages as 
have been already granted to those who came before out of the 
Palatinate, Her Majesty has thereupon commanded me to trans- 

1706 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

mit the said Petition to your Lordships that you may examine 
whether the fourteen persons therein mentioned are proper ob- 
jects of Her Majesty's Royal Compassion, as the others were. 
And in such case Her Majesty's pleasure is, that these which are 
last arrived should be taken care of, in the same manner as the 
former. I am, 

My Lords, Your Lordships most humble Servant, 

H. Boyle. 
Whitehall, — Col. Hist. Is^. y. Vol. v. p. 44. 

June 22nd, 1Y08. 

Board of Trade to Mr. Secretary Boyle. 
To the Right Honourable Mr. Secretary Boyle. 

Sir: In Obedience to Her Majesty's Commands signified to 
us by Your letter of the 22nd Instant upon a second petition of 
Joshua de Kocherthal, to Her Majesty, in behalf of himself and 
fourteen other distressed Protestants lately arrived from the 
Palatinate and Holsteyn, Praying that they may in Company of 
the forty one Lutherans already provided for, be transported to 
Her Majesty's Province of 'Ne^Y York, and partake of the like 
allowance and Advantages the said Lutherans are to receive, as 
well during their stay here as at their Arrival in the said Prov- 
ince; We have considered the same and find that the Testimonials 
which they have produced under the hands and Seals of the 
Ministers Baylifs or Principal Magistrates in the Villages where 
they dwelt, do give a good charecter of the said Poor Protestants, 
and certify that they are reduced to the utmost want, having lost 
all they had by the frequent Incursions of the French and Ger- 
mans near Landau; find further that two of them have Entred 
themselves into the service of the Lord Lovelace, so that there 
are but twelve to be provided for. 

Whereupon We humbly Offer that the said twelve Poor 
Protestants are fit Objects for her Majesty's Bounty, and that if 
Her Majesty shall be graciously pleased to allow them the same 

OF THE State of i!^Ew Yoek. 1Y07 

as is already granted to the others, for their subsistence, and 
that they be transported with the Kest to ISTew York. We fur- 
ther humbly Offer that before their Departure they be likewise 
made free Denizens of this Kingdom, for their greater incourage- 
ment in the Injoyment of the Privileges accruing by such letters 
of Denization. We are Sir, 

Your most humble Servants 
Herbert Ph. Meadows Jno Pulteney Ch. Turner. 
Whitehall, — Col. Hist. Is^. y. Vol. v. pp. 53, 54. 

June 29th, 1708. 

Board of Trade to Lord Lovelace. 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Lovelace. 
My Lord. 


June 28th 1708. 

P. S. Her Majesty having been pleased by Her Order in Council of the 26th of 
June 1708 to confirna One Act past at New York the 2nd of March 1698/9, Entituled 
an Act for Vacating, breaking and annulling several Extravagant Grants of Land, 
made by Col. Fletcher late Governor of this Province under His Majesty, And to 
Repeal one other Act also past at New York, the 27th of November 1702, En- 
tituled, an Act for Repealing Several Acts of Assembly and Declaring other Or- 
dinances Published as Acts of Assembly to be Void. We inclose to your Lord- 
ship Her Majesty's said Order which you are to cause to be published and Entred 
in the Council Book as usual. 

By their Lordship's Order, 

Wm. Popple, Jr. 
— Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. pp. 46, 48. 

Lord Cornbury^ to the Board of Trade. 

Reasons of Emigration from Long Island to New Jersey. 

(July 1, 1706.) 
To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 
My Lords: 

Two sorts of people remove out of this Government into the neighbouring 
Provinces, the first are trading men, of these but few are removed since I came 
hither; The other sort are Husbandmen. Of this sort many are Removed lately, 
especially from King's County on Long Island; And the reasons why they remove 
are of two kinds; The first is because King's County is but small and full of 
people, so as the young people grow up, they are forced to seek land further 
away, to settle upon; The land in the Eastern Division of New Jersey is good, 
and not very far from King's County, there is only a bay to crosse: The other rea- 
son that induces them to remove into New Jersey is because there they pay no 


1708 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

taxes, nor no duties; The most effectual way to prevent the Removal of the first 
sort of people, would be to bring all the Colonies and Plantations upon the Con- 
tinent of America under the same duties and customs, for goods imported and 
exported; If this were once settled the trading Men would then consider which 
Is the healthiest, pleasantest, and most convenient place for Trade; whereas now 
the Chief Consideration is, where the least Duties are paid; Of this we have had 
several instances lately; since the French destroyed Nevis several families have re- 
moved from that Island, with intent to settle in this place, but when they have 
found what Duties people have paid, and do pay here, and that at Philadelphia they 
pay none at all, they remove thither. As for the Husbandmen, I cannot see how 
they can be hindered from removing out of one Province into the other. — Col. Hist. 
N. Y. Vol. V. pp. 55. 56, 57. 

Petition of the Reverend Mk. Kocherthal to the Queen. 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 
The Petition of Joshua de Kocherthal High German Minister of the Gospel. 

Most humbly Sheweth That a Petition having of late been presented unto Your 
Majesty by Your Petitioner, for himself and on the behalf of Eleven persons more, 
who are lately arrived here from the Palatinate, Your Majesty thereupon was most 
graciously pleased to order that the matter should be enquired into, in the Council 
of Your Majesty's Plantations; But no mention being made in the said order about 
Your Petitioner, and the time for transportation of the said persons drawing near, 
Your Petitioner finds himself obliged with all submission to represent to Your 
Majesty that after his arrival in the West Indies, it will be very difiicult, if not 
impossible for your Petitioner to subsist or live upon his own means, or by the 
assistance of the said persons, who are all very poor People, Unless Your Peti- 
tioner be upheld and maintained in his Station by a Supporting hand. 

Your Petitioner therefore most humbly Prays that Your Majesty will be most 
graciously pleased to order and direct that a certain competent Salary may be 
allowed and paid unto your Petitioner, whereby he, with his wife, and three 
children may conveniently subsist and live after their arrival in America. 

And whereas Your Majesty has most charitably been pleased to Order that a 
Sum of Twenty Pounds should be given unto every Minister or Preacher before 
his Departure to America to buy Cloaths and Books, Your Petitioner also Prays, 
that the said Sum of Twenty Pounds Sterling, may be paid unto your Petitioner, 
In order to provide himself with necessary Books and Convenient Clothing. And 
Your Petitioner shall ever pray, etc. 

Joshua De Kocherthel. 
July 7, 1708. —Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. p. 62. 

Report of the Board of Trade on the Preceding Petition 
[of Rev. Joshua Kocherthal]. 

To the Right Honourable Mr. Secretary Boyle. 

In obedience to Her Majesty's Commands, signifying to us by your reference of 
the 4th Instant, upon the Petition of Joshua de Kocherthel, the High German 
Minister, Praying that Her Majesty would be graciously pleased to allow him a 
Salary, for the better subsistence of himself and family at New York, and that 
her Majesty would be pleased to allow him a Salary, for the better subsistanee 
of himself and family at New York, and that Her Majesty would be pleased to 
order him the sum of twenty pounds before his Departure from hence, for pro- 
viding himself with Cloaths, and Books, as has been done to other Ministers going 
to the Plantations; We have considered the same, & thereupon Desire that you 
will please to lay before Her Majesty, that we find no precedent of a Salary being 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1709 

settled here upon Foreign Clergymen in the Plantations, Only that at New York 
the French Minister there has, as we have been informed, a Salary of twenty 
or thirty pounds a year paid him out of the Revenue of that Province, But by 
what order, or how that was done, TTe do not find. However as the said Kocher- 
thal is very poor, and not capable of maintaining himself, his wife and three 
children, by his own labour, and that the Lutherans who go over with him are 
not in a condition to make him any allowance, We humbly offer that Lord Love- 
lace have Directions to Grant to the said Minister a Reasonable portion of land 
for a glebe, not exceeding five hundred acres, And that he be permitted to sell 
a suitable Proportion thereof for his better Maintenance, 'till he shall be in a 
condition to live by the produce of the Rest. 

As for the twenty pounds he desires we find that it is usually allowed to English 
Ministers going into the Plantations and as the said Kocherthal is an object of Her 
Majesty's Charity, We further humbly Offer that Her Majesty be graciously 
pleased to allow him the said twenty pounds according to the prayer of his 
petition. We are Sir, 

Your most humble Servants, 

Herbert Ph. Meadows, Jno. Pulteney. 
Whitehall, — Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. pp. 62, 63. 

July 13th, 1708. 

Additional Instruction for Lord Lovelace [in Reference 
TO Vacating Fletcher's Land Grants.] 

Additional Instruction to our Right trusty and Wellbeloved John Lord Love- 
lace, Baron of Hurley, Our Captain General & Governor in Chief of 
(Annie R.) Our Province of New York, and the Territories depending thereon in 
America. Given to our Court at (Windsor) the (Twentieth) day of 
(July) 1708, In the Seventh Year of our Reign. 

Whereas We have thought fit by Our Order in Council of the 26th of Juae 1708 
to Repeal an Act past at New Y'ork the 27th of November 1702. Entituled An Act 
for Repealing several Acts of Assembly and Declaring Other Ordinances published 
as Acts of Assembly to be Void; And whereas by the said Order, We have likewise 
thought fit to confirm and approve an Act past at New York the 2nd of March 
1698/9 Entituled, An Act for Vacating. Breaking and Annulling several Extrava- 
gant Grants of Land, made by Colonel Benjamin Fletcher, late Governor of this 
Province under His Majesty, by the Confirmation of which Act. several large 
Tracts of Land (as by the said Act will more fully appear) are Resumed to us, 
and are in our Disposal to Re-grant as we shall see Occasion; Our Will and Pleas- 
ure therefore is, that you may Regrant to the late Patentees of such Resumed 
Grants, a suitable number of Acres, not exceeding two thousand to any one per- 
son; And that in such Grants, as well as in all future Grants, there be a Reserva- 
tion to us. Our heirs and Successors of a Yearly Quit Rent of Two Shillings and 
Sixpence for every hundred acres, with a Covenant to Plant, settle and effectually 
Cultivate at least three Acres of Land for every fifty Acres, within three Years 
after the same shall be so granted, upon forfeiture of every such Grant. — Col. 
Hist. N. Y. Vol. V. p. 54. 



1710 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

An Act for Suppressing of Immorality, Eeceived by the 
Council. Council Journal, 250-2, Enacted, Sept. 18, 
p. 263. ' 

(Passed, September 18, 1708.) 

whereas Pi-ophainness and Immorality have too much abounded within this 
Colony to ye Shame of Christianity, and the great grief of all good and sober men, 
for the Suppressing whereof for the future. 

Be it Enacted by the Governour Councill and Assembly now met and as- 
sembled, and by the Authority of the Same, that all Christians whatsoever 
withiu this Province, who shall be convicted of Drunkenness, Cursing or Swear- 
ing by the Information of Every Constable withiu their Respective precincts, 
or of any other person whatsoever before any one of Her Majesty's Justices 
of the Peace of the City or County where such fact is Committed, by the 
Confession of the Offender, or the Oath of Attestation of one Credible Wit- 
ness (which every Justice of the Peace is hereby Authorized to Administer) 
every person so Convicted Shall be fined by the said Justice of the Peace for 
Drunkenness Cursiug or Swearing, in the Sum of three Shillings money of the 
Province of New York for each offence, all which fines to be Immediately Levyed 
upon the offenders Goods and Chatties by the Constable aforesaid by warrant from 
the said Justice of the Peace, and for want of effect to make such Distress the 
said Constable by Warrant from the said Justice of the Peace, shall Commit the 
offender to the Stocks for the Space of four hours, for Drunkenness, and two hours 
for Cursing or Swearing And each Distress so made as above said to be by the 
said Constable Sold at a public Out Cry (unless redeemed by paying the fine within 
three davs) and after full pavment of Said fine the Overplus if any be shall be 
returned 'to the owner; and all such fines to be by the Constable aforesaid Immedi- 
ately paid to the Overseers of the Poor of the said City or County where such fact 
is Committed for the use of the Poor of that City or County for all which fines 
the Overseers of the Poor Shall be Accountable Yearly to the Justices in their 
Generall Quarter Sessions of the Peace And every Negro, Indian or other Slaves: 
That shall be found guilty of any of the abovesaid facts or talke Impudently to 
any Christian Shall Suffer So many Stripes at some publick place as the Justice of 
the Peace in such place where such offence is Committed Shall think fit: not ex- 
ceeding forty Any Law Custome or usage to the Contrary hereof in any ways 
notwithstanding. — Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 1. pp. 617, 618. 

An Act for Preventing the Conspiracy of Slaves. 

(Passed October 30, 1708.) 

bee it Enacted by the Governour Councill and Assembly and it is hereby En- 
acted by the Authority of the Same, that all and every Negro Indian or other 
Slave or Slaves within this Colony who at any time after the Execrable and Bar- 
berous Murder committed on the Person and Family of William Hallet Junr late 
of New Town in Queens County Gentleman Deceased have has or shall Murder or 
otherwise kill unless by Misadventure or in Execution of Justice or Conspire or 
attempt the Death of his her or their Master or Mistress or any other of her 
Majesty's Leige People not being Negroes Mulattos or Slaves within this Colony- 
and shall thereof be Lawfullv Convicted before three or more of her Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace One whereof to be of the Quorum who are hereby authorized 
and Empowered to hear and determine the same and put their Judgements in 
Execution according to this Act or before and Court of Oyer and Terminer or Gen- 
such manner and with such Circumstances as the aggrevation and Enormity of 
erall Goal Delivery he she or they so offending shall Suffer the pains of Death in 
such manner and "with such Circumstances as the aggrevation and Enormity of 
their Crime in the Judgement of the Justices aforesaid of those Courts shall merit 
and require AND be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the Owner 
or Owners of Such Negro or Indian Slave or Slaves to be Executed by Virtue of 
this Act shall be paid for the same in the like manner and under the same Regu- 
lations as is declared in and by an Act of the Generall Assembly of this Colony 
made in the fourth year of her Majesty's Reign, Entituled an Act to Prevent the 
running away of Negro Slaves out of the Citty and County of Albany to the French 
at Canada Provided the Value of such Slaves shall not exceed the price of twenty 
five Pounds Lawfull money of this Colony, nor the Charges of Prosecution above 
five Pounds. — Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 1. p. 631. 

OF THE State of iS^EW York. 1711 

Characterization of Lord Cornbury. 


" Lord Cornbury's administration, whiich began with hopeful auguries, closed 
in disgrace: Though not without good qualities, he was a vain and imperious 
man, and succeeded in disgusting the people of New York by his unseemly be- 
havior. There seems to be no reasonable ground to doubt the story that, on 
one occasion, he was guilty of the gross absurdity of appearing in public, in 
female dress ". 

Says Lewis Morris, Feb. 9, 1707, writing to the Secretary of State, and 
speaking of Cornbury: " Of whom I must say something which perhaps no body 
will think worth their while to tell, and that is, his dressing publicly in woman's 
clothes every day, and putting a stop to all public business, while he is pleasing 
himself with that peculiar but detestable magot. — (Whim, fancy.)" 

This silly freak might have been overlooked and forgotten; he cannot, however, 
be so easily excused for acts of perseciition directed against several clergymen 
of the day. The case of the Rev. Francis Mac Kemie, a Presbyterian, whom he 
threw into prison for preaching in a private house without his consent, was a 
flagrant instance in point. It is, however, a pity that it should have been 
wrested for the purpose of attack upon our (Episcopal) Church by writers of a 
partizan class. The trouble was a purely personal one between the Governor 
and an imprudent (?) man, who had irritated Cornbury's vanity. Clergymen of 
the Church of England were occasionally treated worse than Mac Kemie, and on 
slighter grounds ". 

For example: " The Rev. Thoroughgood Moor, Missionary of the S. P. G. in 
New Jersey, was dragged from Burlington to Amboy and thence taken prisoner 
to the Fort in New York, and suffered the greatest indignity. See also Brod- 
head's so-called ' Impeachment of Cornbury as a Forger ', Hist. Mag. 18(53, vii. 
329; Force's Hist. Tracts, iv. 4; Smith's New York, i. 186-190; and Centennial Hist, 
of P. Epis. Ch., Diocese of N. Y., 60; Brigg's Hist, of Presbyterianism, 152 ".— See 
Dix's Hist. Trinity Ch. 166. Col. Docs. iv. 1077, v. 38, 318. 

The proceedings of Lord Cornbury can hardly be read with calmness at the 
present time. His conduct towards the Presbyterians at Jamaica, Long Island, 
in seizing by violence their church edifice, and the suits and fines which unjustly 
followed, when the owners sought to regain possession: and his request to have 
the Presbyterian parsonage for his temporary use, and his abuse of the kindness 
of Rev. Mr. Hubbard, who granted it, and then its confiscation; these things greatly 
embittered the people against him. They resented and he prosecuted. He 
detested all who were not of his own sect. He even insisted that neither the 
ministers or schoolmasters of the Dutch, although the most numerous persuasion 
in the province had a right to preach or instruct without his gubernatorial license; 
and some of them tamely submitted to his tyranny. Hon. Wm. Livingston has 
preserved an account of his intolerance in a series of articles styled " The Watch 
Tower ", published, in the New York Mercury in 1755. 

Smith's New York, 172. 
See Wm. Livingston's " Independent Reflector " or " Weekly Essays on Sundry 
Important Subjects " 1753. Hon. Henry C. Murphy's copy was purchased at the 
sale of his books, by E. T. Corwin, and is now in the Sage Library at New Bruns- 
wick, N. J. 



1712 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

1708, July 31 — Aug. 9. Syxod of IsTokth Holland, held at 
ENKiiuYZEisr. 'No Allusions to America. 

Letter from the Lord Lovelace, Governor of 1*^ew York, 
Dated Dec. 18, 1708. 

Giving an account of his passage. The Palatines Trade Papers, 

. Bundle Z. 35. 
My Lords : — 

I do myself the honor to acquaint your Lordships that I very 
happily arrived here this morning having been nine weeks and odd 
days in the passage. The Kingdale in which I came being sepa- 
rated from the fleet got into Buzard Bay in ISJ'ew England and 
getting pilots there gained our passage through the Sound between 
Long Island and the main, landed at Flushing. I do not yet hear 
of the arrival of any other ship of our fleet except the Unity 
which struck on the bank at Sandy Hook. She was left by all 
her seamen, but has since got off and is gone to sea again, we have 
not since heard of her, but hope she is safe having two good pilots 
from hence on board. 

Our winter set in very hard and ports and rivers are full of ice. 
I am in pain for the Germans and recruits on board the Globe, 
they wanting water and the weather not permitting us to assist 
them. This coast is so terrible in the winter I think no ship 
ought to be sent hither from England after August at fartherst. 
Our poor seamen were so benumbed with the cold, that at last we 
had but 25 men flt to do any duty and the soldiers which we had 
on board assisted. The ship had been in great danger. I shall 
take care to send the despatches I have for the several Governors 
on the Continent and to conform myself to the several instruc- 
tions I have received from your Lordships. Being with great 

Your Lordships most faithful humble servant, 

New York, Dec. 18, 1708. i 

OF THE State of New York. 1Y13 



Dec. 18, 1708 — May, 1709. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Indian Affairs. 

1709, Jan. 8th. The Committee on Eoreign Affairs read, and 
delivered to the Eev. Assembly, extracts from the letters on 
Indian Affairs. The Eev. Assembly thanked the Deputies for 
the trouble they have taken and requests them to prepare for 
the Rev. Assembly a preliminary report and extracts from letter 
of Rev. Le Bouck. ix. 186. 

Petition of Domine Antonides' Elders. 

Jan. 21, 1709. 

To his Excellency John lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley, Capt. Generall & Gov- 
ernour in Chief in and over her Majesty's Province of New York & the Territories 
depending thereon in America & Vice admiral of the same etc. in Councill. 

The humble Petition of Elders & Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Protestant 
Churches of the towns of Brookland Flatbush & Flatlands in Kings County 
on the Island of Nassaw 


That your petitioners according to the Constitucons usages and customs of the 
Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches always practiced in this Province, did some 
time after the desease of Mr. Wm. Lupardus their late minister, make applicacon 
to the Classis of Amsterdam to send them another fit person in his room, whicli 
accordingly sent Mr. Vincentius Antonides who arrived here on the first of Jan- 
uary 1705/6. 

But so It is may it please your Excellency that Mr. Bernardus Ffreeman being 
only called Minister for the town of New Utrecht in the said county has entred 
upon two of the said Churches without any lawfull call and has continually ob- 
structed their said Minister in the Exercise of his function and entirely over- 
turned the Government & Discipline of the said churches to the great grief of 
your Petitioners & discouragement of their said Minister. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray your Excellency that the matter 
aforesaid mostly relating to the Ecclesiastical Government and discipline of the 
said Dutch Churches may be examined into and that your Excellency would be 
pleased to that end to direct some of her Majesty's Councill to be joyned with 
the Deputies of the Dutch Churches of this Province by your Excellency's leave to 
be assembled to hear the same according to the constitucons aforesaid and report 
their opinion of that affair to your Excellency to the end that they may be re- 
lieved as the justice of their case may require. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound Shall Ever Pray etc. In the name and 
by order of the Elders & Deacons aforesaid. 

Joseph Hegeman, Jeronimus Remsen, Pleter Nevijus. 
New York — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 94. 

21 January, 1708/9. 


1714 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

Oedee of Council Theeeon. 

(Council Minute X.) 


Att a Council held att Fort Anne in New Yorke the 27th day of January 

Present his Excellency John Lord LoTelace Baron of Hurley, etc. 

Mr. Van Dam , Mr. Phillips 

Mr. Wenham Mr. Peartree 

Mr. Mompesson Mr. Prevost Esqrs. 
Mr. Barberie 

Upon reading the petition of the Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Reformed 
Protestant Churches of the towns of Brookland flaatbush and Flattlands it is 
ordered that Mr. Van Dam, Mr. Philips and Mr. Prevost taking to their assistance 
the Minister & Elders of the Dutch Church of New York do assemble at such 
convenient times & places as the said Mr. Van Dam, Mr. Phillips and Mr. 
Prevost or any two of them shall appoint to Examine Inquire into and hear the 
petitioners on the subject matter of the said Petition as also the said Mr. Freeman 
and all others concerned in the said affair & to make their Report on the whole 
to this Board. 

And that the Petitioners so serve Mr. Freeman with a copy of the said Petition 
& this Order. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 95. 

Petition of Domine Freeman's Eldees. 

Feb. 3, 1709. 

To his Excellency John Lord Lovelace Baron of Hurley Capt. Generall & Gov- 
ernour in Chief of the Provinces of New York and New Jersey and all the Ter- 
ritories and Tracts of Land Depending thereon in America and Vice Admirall of 
the same etc. In Council. 

The humble Petition of Cornelius Sebrink Anglebert Lott and Cornelius Van 
Brunt for and on the behalf of themselves and the Major parte of the ffree- 
holders of the Dutch Congregations in Kings County on the Island Nassaw. 

Sheweth That Mr. Freeman our Minister and your Lordshipps Petitioners were 
lately served with an Order of your Excellency in Councill grounded upon the 
Pretended Elders and Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church of the 
Towne of Brookland Flatbush and Fflatlands. That several of the allegations in 
the said Petition sett forth are misrepresented as your said Petitioners can plainly 
make appeare, If your Lordshipp would be pleased to give them a hearing thereof. 
That your Excellency's Petitioners are humbly of opinion that all Eeclesiasticall 
affairs And the Determination of all things relating thereto in this Province lies 
solely before your Lordshipp. That your Petitions have had several hearings upon 
the subject matter of the said Petition before the Late Governour Viscount 
Cornbury where the said Pretended Elders could never make good their said Alliga- 
tions though with their utmost Diligence they have Endeavoured it. That the said 
Order imports that several Gentlemen shall have the hearing and Examining the 
pr'misses And report the same to that Honorable Board which opportunity of 
setting forth their case your Petitioners should be Glad to Embrace were it not 
that several Persons therein appointed have declared themselves to be parties 
against your Petitioners in the matter depending. And therefore with great sub- 
mission your Petitioners Humbly conceive that they are not proper judges thereof. 
May it therefore please your Excellency of your great Clemency to take the 
pr'misses into your wise consideration And since the matter seems wholely to ly 
before your Lordshipp your Petitioners humbly pray that the said Order may be 

OF THE State of Xew York. 1715 

Buperceeded And that your Excellency -would be pleased to appoint a time for iiear- 
ing your Petitioners upon thie said subject matter to wtiose wisdom and judgement 
your Petitioners In all humble manner freely submits themselves. And in duty 
bound shall ever pray. 

Cornells Seberingh, Engelbardt Lott. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 93. 

Order Therettpo:n^. 

At a Council held etc. 3rd day of Feb. 1708. [1709.] 
Present as before except Mr. Van Dam. 

Upon reading the Petition of Mr. Seabring and others on Behalf of themselves 
and the major parte of the ffreeholders of the Dutch Congregation in Kings 
County etc. 

It is ordered that the Petitioners on the afore recited Peticon and also the 
Petitioners on the Peticon now read do severally forthwith give in the names of 
Two men to the said Mr. Van Dam Mr. Phillips & Mr. Provost or one of them to be 
assistant to the said Mr. Vandam Mr. Phillips and Mr. Prouost in the examination 
of the subject matter of the aforesaid Petition who are to act thereon Pursuant to 
the Directions of the aforesaid order of this Board. 

And that the Petitioners on the Petition now read Do serve the Petitioners on 
the afore recited Peticon with a copy of their Peticon and this order. — Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. Vol. iii. p. 96. 

CHASSIS OF Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Olassis of Amsterdam to Eev. Bemardus Freeman, February 
4th, 1709. xxviii. 73. 


JSTotwithstanding your departure to the West Indies in opposi- 
tion to the wishes of our Classis, we have, at your request, and 
upon the report that your ministry was not unfruitful, sent a 
praiseworthy testimonial in your favor. It therefore appeared 
the more strange to us that you finally, as it seems, have with- 
drawn from the jurisdiction of our Classis, and have caused many 
troubles in the churches of Long Island, and are apparently pav- 
ing the way for the ruin of those churches. You had certainly 
once declined the call to that Island, and your church at Schenec- 
tady had made out a new call to you on other conditions. The 
churches of Long Island thereupon sent to us for a pastor, accord- 
ing to ancient custom. We put it to your conscience, therefore, 
to answer, whether your present call to the church of 'New 
Utrecht is legal. It seems unaccountable to us how you can in- 



1Y16 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

trude yourself into those churclies of Long Island, on the strength 
of a call once declined. Moreover, what grieves lis to the very 
soul, is, that in order that you might dispossess a legally called 
pastor, as the Eev. Antonides certainly is, you should, in order to 
further such an object have sought a civil license. You have 
thereby imperiled the liberties of the churches in that province. 
May God forgive you this evil deed. We hope its original sug- 
gestion is to be ascribed to certain hot-heads rather than to you. 
We now beg of you to change your plans, and be not troublesome 
to the Eev. Antonides in his office and duties. 

Since matters are thus, however, we earnestly desire to see you 
live in friendship with Rev. Antonides, and without causing him 
to suffer any great loss. As we are informed, there is abundance 
to enable them to act thus, as the churches are well able to sup- 
port two pastors. Thus doing, you will enable us to forget all 
the past, which we will cover up in love, and thus will you also 
greatly promote the well being of those churches. We have the 
greater reason to expect this, because we have learned from Mr. 
van Bancker that you had written a letter to our Classis, which 
has fallen into the hands of the enemy. In the meantime, with 
our full benediction, we remain, etc., etc. 

Amsterdam, in our Classical Assembly, February 4, 1709. 
Your affectionate and obedient Fellow-brethren, 

The Classis of Amsterdam. 

In the name of all, 
' Fl. Bomble. 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gualterus Du Bois, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1709. xxviii. 74. 

Reverend Sir: — Your pleasant letter of October I7th, 1707 
as well as the order of the Lord Governor, came safely to hand. 
We are grieved that that order has been so suddenly sprung upon 

OF THE State of IiTew Yokk. 1717 

us, especially because it takes away all liberty from the ITether- 
land churches in the province of ISTew York, (See Doc. Hist. 
]Sr. Y. iii. 89-115. 4to. ed.) We will diligently strive to bring 
matters into the old shape; but we fear this cannot be accom- 
plished so soon, that thereby the present differences on Long 
Island may be adjusted. While those differences remain, it mil 
be a great hindrance to us in attaining our object. It cannot be 
expected that our efforts will bear much fruit, if pressure is 
brought to bear against us, both on the part of the churches, and 
with the Governor in their favor. It is therefore, in our judg- 
ment, in the highest degree necessary to effect a reconciliation 
between Eevs. Antonides and Freerman. We therefore most 
affectionately beseech you, that you and your good friends will 
use all diligence to this end. We hope for favorable results to 
your efforts, because the churches are in a very prosperous con- 
dition, and inclined to support both pastors. We also understand 
that Freerman's friends are sorry for their past conduct, by which 
the liberty of the Church has been lost. We therefore hope that, 
the differences being adjusted, both parties will labor to restore 
the relations of the Church to the old footing. Divisions will be 
very injurious. Your counsel and prudence will be of great im- 
portance in this business, and will help promote the general 
welfare of the churches for the future. The Lord preserve you 
and bless you, your family, and your ministry. We remain, 
Reverend Sir, 

Your most affectionate and obedient Brethren, constituting the 
Classis of Amsterdam, In the name of all, 
Fl. Bomble ^ 

CI. Stresg I -r^ ' 

L Deputati ad res maritimas. 
Jac. Best , 

Junius J 

Amsterdam, done in our 

Classical Assembly, 

February 4, 1709. 



1Y18 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Acts of the Deputies. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Vincentius Antonides, 
rebniarj 4, 1709. xxviii. 75. 

Reverend Sir: — 

Your letters both to the Rev. Classis, and to Rev. Bomble of 
December 11, 1707, as well as of May 6, 1707, and the accom- 
panying paper; also the letter to Rev. Du Bois of April 14, 1707, 
with a copy of the order of the Lord Governor (Cornbury), which 
is an order of very recent occurrence ; — all these have been read 
and considered in our Assembly. We have written you our views 
in regard to them; but have heard with regret that the vessel and 
letters have fallen into the hands of the enemy. This is the 
reason why we repeat them in this letter. 

We are grieved that there is such a division on Long Island, 
although in this matter you are not at fault. It is a matter of 
regret to us that the Governor has so soon changed the order once 
given in your favor. His order does, indeed, really take away the 
liberty of the ISTetherland churches, for it bears plainly on its 
forehead the proof that the people in the King's dominions have 
no independent authority to call a minister ; that you are only per- 
mitted to conduct your services at the option of others. Two 
painful facts confront us here: Tirst, The di\dsJon occasioned 
through the Rev. Treerman and his allies; Secondly, The taking 
away of the libertj^ of the Church. 

The first is purely personal, and respects the holy service and 
its necessary compensation. This, indeed, is felt most sensibly. 
Hence the intruding party, in order to gain control in this matter 
has not scrupled to sacrifice the liberty of the Church. Never- 
theless every thoughtful mind must heartily dread the loss of 
such liberty, as closely connected with the do^vnfall, lamentable 
indeed, of those flourishing churches. 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1719 

iN'ow to preserve or restore the liberty of the Church, nothing 
is more essential than peace and union in the churches. There- 
fore we beseech you and your friends to yield in every thing 
possible, in order to promote peace. We are also informed that 
the churches of Long Island are large and numerous and strong, 
so that they really need two pastors,' and that they are abundantly 
able to support them; and that if a few headstrong men did not 
prevent it, peace could readily be reestablished, and you retain 
all your emoluments. But even if there should be something 
lacking of these, we nevertheless hope that it would not be on 
account of a mere matter of support, that peace could not be 
arranged, if you only had an honest living. 

Those who have pushed forward this matter of Freerman to 
the destruction of all peace, now see their error, and wish that 
the business of the churches was on its old footing; yet passion 
and party spirit may easily keep them in their bad course, that 
they may attain their end. But nothing can more readily nullify 
all our diligence and efforts to regain your liberty, than that the 
same be undermined from within. 

With pleasure do we hear, even from the mouth of Freerman's 
friends, of your good savor and progress. Hence you need fear 
the less to make some concessions, and thus your enemies may in 
time become your friends. You and your good friends can also 
readily see that we have no power, in the domains of another 
nation, to take special action against Freerman, especially since 
he has the government on his side. 

The formation of a Classis among you, to correspond to ours at 
home, is yet far in the future, and we hardly dare to think of it. 
We shall really be doing very well, if we so much as succeed in 
getting this business of the Church back into its previous condi- 
tion, to which we will give all diligence. Hitherto, to our sorrow, 
we have not made much progress therein; yet we do not despair. 
If we do not succeed in one way, we will try in another. You can 


1Y20 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

readily understand, however, that through these efforts, the 
divisions would be healed very slowly. 

Our Classis has long since paid the money advanced by Mr. 
Dorville, because of his urgency for it. We have also been 
pleased to accept your excuses, and trust that you may give order 
for our reimbursement at the earliest opportunity. If you were 
able to accept an order, that it be paid from the money trans- 
ferred for the service of the Church, such arrangement would be 
agreeable to us. 

At Amsterdam, Eev. Schaak has died, and Rev. Homoet has 
become emeritus. In their places have been called Revs. Outreyn 
of Dorth, and Wiltens of 's Hertogenbos. Rev. Drissive has 
been called to Dorth, and Rev. Morasiere from Dorth to Utrecht. 
God has graciously and wonderfully blessed our arms in the recent 
campaign. May he grant us an honorable peace; and bless your 
person, your service and your family. Herewith, we remain. 
Rev. Sir and Brother, 

Your affectionate and obedient, 
The Classis of Amsterdam, 
In the name of all, 
Fl. Bomble 
CI. Stresg 
J. Best 

J. Jemius J . " ^ 


In our Classical Assembly 

February 4, 1709. 


March 4, 1708/9. [1709.] The Palatines. 

Trade Papers, Bundle Z. 39. 

I have not yet been able to divide the lands among the poor 
German Protestants, the snow being upon the ground and no 
distinction can yet be made between profitable and unprofitable 

\- Dep. ad res Exteras. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1Y21 

land. I have been forced to support them by mj credit here 
though I have not any directions about that matter neither from 
your Lordships nor the Lords Commissioners of Trade, yet I 
hope your Lordships will please to order the payment of such bills 
v^^hich I must draw upon my agent Mr. Gough to answer the 
charge of their support. 

Peoposals on the Part of Do. Freeman's Friends for Peace. 

March 5 1708 [1709.] 
Offered by Cornelius Seabrlng, Ingelbert Lot, and Cornelius Van Brunt in belialf 
of themselves and others, Members of ye Dutch Churches of Flatbush, Brooliland, 
and New Utrecht in Kings County on the Island of Nassaw (who have hitherto 
adhered to the Interest of Domine Bernardus Freeman, their Minister) pursuant 
to a due authority to them the said Seabring, Lot, & Van Brunt for that purpose 
given; for the more perfect and effectuall accommodation of the difference be- 
tween ye said Churches who have hitherto adhered to the Interest of Domine 
Vincentius Antonides in the articles following: 

1. First, that all differences and Animosities between the said Members which 
have hitherto hapned, be on either side no further talked of, but entirely buryed in 

2dly. That Domine Bernardus Freeman from the time the agreement intended 
shall take effect may in all things relating to the three Dutch Churches of Flat- 
bush, Brookland, and New Utrecht, or any other Neighboring Churches, be ad- 
mitted and put into equal State and Condition with Domine Vincentius Antonides 
(to wit) in Service, In Sallary, in House & Land & all other ProflSts. 

3. That in order to put an end to ye Dispute concerning the present Consistory 
of Flatbush & Brookland; those persons which Mr. Freeman now deems to be a 
Consistory, & those persons which Mr. Antonides now Deems to be a Consistory Do 
severally Elect two Elders & Deacons of each part, in the presence & with the 
concurance of one or both Ministers if they both please to attend, and that those 
Eight Elders & Deacons so to be elected, shall from thence forth be and remain 
Elders and Deacons for the said two Churches of fflat Bush & Brookland for the 
first ensuing year & that at the end of ye said year to comence from the said 
election, half of them shall be removed & four others chosen in their stead, and 
at the end of two years after said first election, the other half shall be removed, 
& other four shall be chosen in their stead, & so successively every year according 
to ye usuall custom, the said Elections to be made by the votes of both the said 
Ministers & the Consistory for the time being: and that whenever the said Min- 
isters shall meet upon any such or other Publick Service, the one shall preside one 
time, and ye other the next time & so alternately. 

4. That to the time of ye Election of ye said New Consistory, so to be made 
by both parties as aforesaid, each party shall, of their own parts respectively 
bear pay & discharge the Sallary, Perquisites, & other things due to ye respective 
Ministers, vizt. Those who have hitherto sided with Mr. Freerman shall clear all 
arrears to him: & those who have hitherto sided with Mr. Antonides, all arrears 
to him. Cornells Seberingh, 

Engelbardt Lotte, 
Cornells Van Brunt. 
— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. pp. 96, 97. 
New York March 1708. [1709.] 
Endorsed " Proposals on the part 

of Mr. Freeman's friends. 1708." 



1722 Ecclesiastical Records 

Proposals on the Part of Rev. Antokides Friends for 

Peace. [March] 1708. [1709.] 


Exhibited by the Elders & Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Protestant Churcli 
of the towns of Brookland, flBatbush, and fflatlandg on the Island of Nassau, for 
the Reconciling the differences which have of late been amongst the Dutch 
Chui'ches on the said Island. 

1st That all parties do consent that Mr. Antonides according to the rules of 
the said Church is the duly called Minister of Brookland, flatbush & flatlands, 
and that the Elders & Deacons which were lately chosen by Mr. Antonides with 
the assistance and consent of those Elders & Deacons which he formed there at 
hia arrivall are yet still the ti-ue Elders & Deacons, and that what ever has been 
acted to the contrary by Mr. Freeman & others was always null & void & is so 
still; That therefore the collections gathered in the Churches of Brookland & 
Flatbush by the friends of Mr. Freeman be delivered to the Consistory of Mr. 
Antonides to be disposed of according to the rules of the Church. 

2dly That all parties do consent that the Call made for Mr. Freerman by those 
of New Utrecht does limit him to the Congregation of that Town only. 

3dly That all parties do consent, that no such lycence, or the other order which 
the Lord Cornbury has granted to Mr. Freeman whereby the Effects of the said 
Churches at his pleasure were to be delivered up to Mr. Freeman, never were nor 
yet are of any force or validity in the Dutch Churches of this Province, but 
Tended to the ruin of the liberty of the said Churches in this Country; That they 
do allso reject this Position, That all the Ecclesiasticall Jurisdiccon of the 
Dutch Churches in this Province is wholly in the Power of the Governor according 
to his will & pleasure. That yet nevertheless all parties do firmly own that the 
Dutch Churches in this Province are accountable to the Government for their 
peacable & good behaviour in their Doctrine, Discipline and Church Government; 
that is to say, as farr as it does consist with the Rules & Constitucons of their 
own nationall Church alwayes enjoyed at New York, As well as they have the 
right and Priviledge to be protected by the Civill Government in the free exercise 
of their Religion according to their own Constitution. 

4thly That all parties consent to subscribe the Church Order of the Classis 
of Amsterdam, & those practised on the Island of Nassaw not being contradictory 
thereto, & that in case any matter in difference cannot be decided amongst them- 
selves the same be referred to the other Dutch Churches of this Province & If 
not by them decided the same to be submitted to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
whose decision is to be binding. 

5thly That all parties reject the expression made by Mr. Freeman at a certain 
time, viz. that when the Church Order were for his advantage he observed them, 
but if they were against him he went round about the same & could tread them 
under his feet. 

Cthly That then Mr. Freeman shall be in a condicon to be called to those con- 
gregacons on the said Island where he is not yet called according to the rules of 
the Church, and shall be called accordingly. Provided Mr. Freeman's friends do first 
find out sufficient means thereto and a dwelling house and do perswade the Con- 
gregacons aforesaid to desire the Consistory to call him in an Ecclesiasticall 

7thly To the end there may be a perfect peace in all the Dutch Churches on 
the said Island all parties, together with the friends of Mr. Freerman at Jamaica 
are to consent that the Elders & Deacons that were there when Mr. Du Bois 
preached there the last time are yet the true Elders and Deacons & that then both 
Ministers may be called there. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 172'j 

8thly That all parties consent that these articles being interchangeably signed 
be read to the respective Congregations from the Pulpit & authentiq copies thereof 
sent to the other Dutch Churches in this Province to be by them kept & that 
notice hereof be given to the Classis of Amsterdam with the request of both 
parties for their approbation. 

Lastly. If Mr. Freeman and his friends should not be pleased to consent to 
the above articles that then Capt. Joannes De Peyster be desired to produce the 
resolucon of the Classis of Amsterdam, whereby peace is said to be recommended 
according to the order of the said Classis, as Mr. Freerman intimates in his letter 
without date to Mr. Antonides that Capt. De Peyster aforesaid had shewn the 
same to him, together with the means to attain such a Peace. 
By Order of the said Elders and Deacons, 

Abrah. Gouverneur, 
Joseph Hegeman, 
Jeronemus Remsen, 
Pieter Nevius. 

•' Proposals on the part of Mr. Antonides's 

friends. 1708." [1709.] 

— Doe. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. pp. 97, 98. 

Church of ]SrEw York. 

March 30, 1709, One P. M. 

At the opening. Do. Du Bois related that he with Mr. Rosevelt, 
on Saturday afternoon, met at the Vlakte Kenyerend John van 
der Huil and Capt. John De Peyster; and that among other 
things, Capt. De Peyster said to him, that he had received from 
Marte Schenck two open letters which had come from the Classis 
of Amsterdam; one of these w^as for Do. Freeman; the other for 
Do. Du Bois and Do. Antonides; but that he had closed them up 
in cover in a proper shelf and had sealed them with a new seal; 
and that his intention was to bring both the ministers together, 
and in the presence of them all, to break open and deliver the 
letters. But Do. Du Bois had to-day heard from Do. Antonides 
that he was informed that Capt. de Peyster had given the letters 
to the Mayor of the City, where they have been openly read in 
the presence of several others. Whereupon, he had called the 
Consistory together to get their advice in the matter. 

It was decided that Mr. Boele and Mr. Imburg should go to 
Capt. de Peyster, to say that they were sent by the Consistory, 
and to ask, in their name, if he had received letters for Do. Du 
Bois or the Consistory, from the Classis of Amsterdam. He 



1724 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

answered, Yes, agreeing in substance with what Do. Du Bois had 
said; but that he had given them to the Mayor, from whom we 
could get them. On this report, Capt. Cornelius de Peyster and 
Mr. Cruger went to the Mayor, who handed over to them, the 
letter. This having been read in the Consistory, the meeting 
broke up. Do. Du Bois taking the letter mth him to give to Do. 
Antonides.— Lib. B. 39, 41. 

Extracts feom the Jotjenal of the House of Commons Con- 


Extract from the Journal of the House of Commons. 

(1708) Feb. 5. Vol. xvi. p. 93. 
1709 Ordered that leave be given to bring in a bill for the naturalizing foreign 
Protestants and that Mr. Wortley, Mr. Gale, Lord Wm. Powlett, Mr. Nevill, Sir 
Joseph Jekyll, Sir Peter King, Mr. Lowndes, Mr. Attorney General and Mr. Solici- 
tor General do prepare and bring in the bill. 

(1708) Feb. 28. p. 128. 

And a motion being made and the question being put. That it be an instruction 
to the Committee of the whole House to whom the bill for naturalizing foreign 
Protestants is committed that they do continue the same provision was made by 
the said statute. 

The house divided 

The yeas go forth. 
Tellers for the yeas ( Sir Tho. AVillough 

] Mr. Courtney 101 

Tellers for the Noes ( Sir David Dalrymple 

Mr. Wortley 198 

So it passes in the negative. 

Then the House resolved itself into the said Committee of the whole House. 

Mr. Speaker left the chair. 

Mr. Wortley took the chair of the Committee. 

Mr. Speaker resumed the chair. 

Mr. Wortley reported from the Committee that they had gone through the Bill 
and made several amendments thereunto which they had directed him to report, 
when the house will please to receive the same. 

Ordered that the report be received upon Wednesday morning next. 

March 2. p. 131. 

Then the order for receiving the report from the Committee of the whole House 
to whom the bill for naturalizing foreign Protestants was committed being read 

Mr. Wortley reported from the said Committee that they had made some amend- 
ments to the bill, which they had directed him to report to the House; and he 
read the same in his place and afterward delivered them at the Clerks table, where 
the same was once read throughout, and then a second time, one by one, and upon 
the question generally put thereupon, agreed unto by the House. 

A clause 

Ordered that the bill with the amendments be engrossed. 

OF THE State of INew York. 1725 

A Journal of the House of Commons. 

(1710) Monday Jan. 15. Vol. svi. p. 456. 
1711 A Petition of the Ministers and Church Wardens, and Inhabitants of the 
parish of St. Glare, in Southwark, in the county of Surry, together with the 
principal inhabitants of the adjacent parishes was presented to the house and read, 
setting forth that about 18 months ago above 500 Palatines were brought into the 
said parish and continued together in one place several months, dangerous dis- 
turbers being amongst them. 

That in October last about 200 of them are come again (supposed from Ireland) 
into the said parish, inhal)iting in our house: That the petitioners are extremely 
fearful, some contagious distempers may happen thereby; and that they having 
not where with all to subsist, are likely to become chargeable to the utter ruin 
of the said parish; and praying such relief, as shall be thought fit for the said 

Ordered, that the said petition be referred to the consideration of a committee, 
and that they do examine the matters thereof and report the same with their 
opinion thereupon to the house. 

And it is referred to Mr. Finch etc. 

71 persons, and they are to meet this afternoon at five o'clock in the speakers 
chamber and have leave to sit in a morning and power to send for persons, 
papers and records. 

Ordered, that it be an instruction to the said Committee that they do inquire 
upon what invitation or encouragement the Palatines came over and what moneys 
were expended in bringing them here and by whom paid. 

Ordered, that leave be given to bring in a bill to repeal the act, made in the 
seventh year of her Majesty's reign entitled: An act for naturalizing foreign 
Protestants and that Mr. Compion, Mr. Finch and Mr. Lowndes do prepare and 
bring in the bill. 

June 16. p. 458. 

Mr. Finch reported from the Committee who are to inquire, upon what invita- 
tion or encouragement, the Palatines came over and what moneys were expended 
In bringing them into Britain, and for maintaining them here and by whom paid; 
that they directed him to move the House, That an humble address be presented 
to her Majesty, that the Commission constituting Trustees for the Distribution of 
the charity, collected for the Palatines, and also all orders and other Papers, 
relating to the bringing over and subsisting the said Palatines may be laid before 
this house. 

Resolved that an humble address be presented to her Majesty, that she will 
please to give direction, that the Commission constituting Trustees for distribution 
of the charity collected for the Palatines, and all orders and other papers relating 
to the bringing over and subsisting the said Palatines may be laid before this 

Ordered that the said address be presented to her Majesty, by such members 
of this House as are of her Majesty's most honorable Privy Council. 

Jan. 22. p. 464. 

Mr. Compion presented to the House (according to order) a bill to repeal the 
late act for a general naturalization, and the same was received and read, the 
first time. 

Resolved, that the bill be read a second time. 

The House being informed that Mr. Southwell (one of the Clerks of the Council) 
attended, he was called in, and at the Bar presented to the House copies of several 
orders of council relating to the Palatines and then he withdrew. 

And the titles of the said copies were read. 

Ordered that the said copies be referred to the consideration of the Com- 
mittee who are appointed to inquire, upon what invitation etc. 

And the said copies of orders of Council are bound up with the other papers of 
this session. 


1726 Ecclesiastical Eecoeds 

^"^^^ Jan. 24. p. 465. 

The House being informed that the Secretary to the Trustees appointed for dis- 
tributing the charity, collected for the Palatines, attended, he was called in and at 
the Bar, presented to the House the Patent constituting the said Trustees and 
acquainting the House, that he had already delirered all books, orders, and Papers 
which were in his custody, to the Committee appointed etc. 

And then he withdrew. 

Ordered, that the Patent be referred to consideration of the said Committee. 

The said Patent is bound up with the other papers of this session. 

Jan. 25. p. 466. 

The House being informed that a person from Mr. Compton attended, he was 
called in and at the bar presented to the House (pursuent to their address to her 
Majesty) an account of the money paid for the use of the Palatines by the Hon- 
orable Spencer Compton, Esq. and also copies of several warrants for payment of 
the same. 

Order as before, referred to Committee. 

Jan. 26. p. 467. 

Mr. Mouckton (from the Commissioners of Trade and plantations) presented to 
the House pursuant to their address to her Majesty, copies of several orders, letters 
and other papers and a list of them relating to the Palatines. 

Order as usual referred to Committee. 

Jan. 27. " 

The House resolved itself into a Committee of the whole House, upon the bill 
to repeal the late act for a general naturalization. 

Mr. Speaker left the chair. 

Mr. Compion took the chair of the Committee. 

Mr. Speaker resumed the chair. 

Mr. Compton reported from the Committee that they had gone through the bill 
and made an amendment thereunto which they had directed him to report, when 
the House will please to receive the same. 

Ordered that the report be received upon Monday next. 

Jan. 29. Monday p. 470. 

Mr. Compion (according to order) reported from the Committee of the whole 
House, to whom the bill to repeal the late act for a general naturalization, was 
committed, the amendment they had made to the Bill, and had directed him to 
report to the House; And he read the same in his place, and afterward delivered 
it at the Clerks Table; where it was read a second time, and upon the question 
put thereupon, agreed unto by the House. 

Ordered that the Bill with the Amendment be engrossed. . 

Jan. 31. p. 472. 

An engrossed Bill to repeal the late act for a general naturalization was read 
the third time. 

Resolved, that the bill do pass and that the title be An Act to repeal Act, made 
in the seventh year of her Majesty's reign (entitled an act for naturalizing foreign 
Protestants) except so much thereof, as relates to the children of her Majesty's 
natural born subjects, born out of her allegiance. 

Ordered that Mr. Compion do carry the Bill to the Lords and desire their 
concurrence thereunto. 

Mr. Aislaby from the Commissioners of the Admiralty, presented to the House 
pursuant to their address to her Majesty, copies of several orders from the Earl 
of Penbroke Lord High Admiral, to the Navy Board relating to the Palatines. 

Ordered as before, referred to Committee. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1727 

Feb. 1. p. 474. 

Mr. Secretary St John presented to the House, pursuant to their address to her 
Majesty copies of all such papers, as are in the offices of the Secretaries of State, 
relating to the Palatines together with lists of them. 

Referred to Committee. 

Feb. 14. p. 495. 

Ordered that the report from the Committee who were appointed to inquire upon 
what invitation or encouragement, the Palatines came over, and what moneys 
were expended in bringing them into Britain, and for maintaining them here, and 
by whom paid, be received upon Tuesday morning next. 

Feb. 20. p. 508. 

Ordered, that the report from the Committee, appointed to inquire upon what 
Invitation etc. be received on Friday morning next. 

Feb. 23. p. 516. 

Mr. Finch reported from the Committee, who were appointed to inquire upon 
what invitation etc., The matter as it appeared to them, which they had directed 
him to report to the House, and he read the same from his place and afterward 
delivered it in at the Clerks Table. 

Ordered that the said report be talven into consideration to-morrow — seventh 

March 3. p. 532. 

Ordered, that the report from the Committee who were to enquire upon what 
invitation be taken into consideration upon this day seven night. 

March 10. p. 543. 

Ordered, that the report etc. be taken into consideration Thursday morning next. 

March 15. p. 552. 

Ordered that the report etc., be taken into consideration upon this day seven 

Thus it was postponed from the 15th of March to the 29th of March, to the 7th 
and 14th of April. 

April 14. p. 596ff. 

The order of the day being read; 

The House proceeded to take into consideration the report from the Committee, 
to whom the petition of the ministers. Church Wardens and Inhabitants of the 
parish of St Olave in Southwark in the County of Surry, together with the prin- 
cipal Inhabitants of the adjacent parishes, was referred; and who were to en- 
quire upon what invitation or encouragement the Palatines came over and what 
moneys were expended in bringing them into Great Britain and for maintaining 
them here and by whom paid. 

And the said report was read and is as follows, viz.. That they have examined 
the matter and upon the examination of Mr. Wignall one of the Church Wardens 

That in September or October 1709 near a lOOOd Palatines came into their parish 
and were entertained in Sir Charles Cox's warehouses, although Sir Charles Cox 
was desired by the Parish Officers not to receive them, for fear of expense, or 
infection, they being very numerous and sickly. 

Mr. Walter Cock says the Palatines were removed from their camp at Black 
Heath, by order of the Commissioners, appointed to distribute her Majesty's 
bounty, and other charities to them, and places were hired for their reception; 
but he did not hear of any security given to the parish. 



1728 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

Mr. Meggott and Mr. Sade said, The Palatines were at that time received into 
Sir Charles Cox's warehouses, though the Parish Officers had applied to him, to 
prevent their being received into the said Parish. 

Mr. Bendys Sec. to the Commissioners for the Palatines said, that when the 
Commissioners had it under their consideration to dispense of them ere the 
Autumn of 1709 the cold weather approaching, the Commissioners never consulted 
the Parishes about receiving them, but where they found room, they contracted 
for it, and then It rose that Sir Charles Cox offered his warehouses for two months 
gratis, with condition to be paid for the whole time if they stayed any longer; 
and it appears by the Minute Book of the general meeting of the said Commis- 
sioners, that on the 8th of February 1709, Sir Charles Cox on his application to 
the said Commissioners, had a warrant on the Chamber of London to pay him 
100 guineas for the hire of the said warehouses upon condition the poor Palatines 
should stay there till they were sent to Ireland; which sum he received the 9th 
of February 1709 as by the Chamberlain of London's Book. 

Mr. Tho. Bast said, there was an order of vestry, to apply to the commissioners 
for the Palatines to get rid of them about the end of October 1709, when they 
appeared to be about 1400 persons and that about the beginning of Feb. after they 
were removed. 

It appeared to the Committee that 3000 Palatines were sent to Ireland in Au- 
gust 1709 pursuant to an address to her Majesty from the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council in Ireland desiring as many Palatines as her Majesty should think fit 
to send thither and giving assurance of them being received and settled in that 
Kingdom and that the Commissioners for the Palatines have bore their charge 
hitherto which amounted to the sum £3.498. 16 s. 6 d. and to complete their set- 
tlement in Ireland a warrant was signed by her Majesty and directed to the Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland appropriating £15000 out of her Majesty's revenues in that 
Kingdom to be paid in three years at £5000 a year. 

In February 1709, 800 Palatines more were sent into Ireland, upon a representa- 
tion from the Lord Lieutenant and Council of that Kingdom (the Commissioners 
here bearing their charge as before) and a second warrant was granted by her 
Majesty and directed as before, appropriating £9000 of her Majesty's revenues 
in that Kingdom to be paid in three years at 3000 pounds a year to complete the 
settlement of these 800. 

In some short time several of the Palatines being returned out of Ireland and 
were ready to follow; the Commissioners for the Palatines here sent Mr. John 
Crockett to Ireland, to prevent the return of these people to England; and the 
Committee being informed that John Crockett attended, he was called in and 

Upon his arrival in Ireland he found 20 families going on board to return to 
England with a pass for 25 families to this effect. " Permit to pass into Eng- 
land, five and twenty families of Palatines, it being by my Lord Lieutenant's 
leave." Directed to the surveyor of Ringseed signed John Smalles, who was 
steward to the Lord Lieutenant and Secretary to the Commissioners for the Pala- 
tines in Ireland; which pass Mr. Ci'ockett stopt and on applying to the Lord 
Lieutenant the said persons were recalled; but that several families had returned 
before he came to Ireland and that upon further application to the Commissioners 
for the Palatines in Ireland to prevent any more of them returning to England, 
he was answered by my Lord Chief Justice Broderick, who was in the chair, 
that they had no power to stop them, they being a free people. 

Since which several families have returned so that now there are 232 families 
one with another, he believes of five in a family most of them now at the Bridge 
house in Southwark. Upon the examination of John Henrick Hind, Frederick 
Rose, John Umpock and John Peter Normins Palatines 

It appeared, they were of the number of those who had gone for Ireland and 
were since returned to Southwark and the rest, these to the number of 232 fam- 
ilies. That the reason of their leaving Ireland was, the hard usage they received 
from the Commissary Hinch, Mr. Sweet and others, who did not pay them their 
Bubsistance; on which they applied to the Lord Lieutenant, who ordered it for 
them; but they received but one weeks allowance. 

OF THE State of IN'ew York. 1729 

They said they paid their own passage to England though they were told by 
Mr. Hinch that they should have ten shillings per head to leave Ireland That 
they wrote letters to each other, to meet at Dublin and that 7a families returned 
with the said Nouins. That the Palatines are in a starving, miserable and sickly 
condition was proved by Mr. Wignall, who said they were all lodged in one house, 
which was become very nauseous and they sickly and the parish fearful of some 
infectious distemper. 

Mr. Army also said, that he lives in the parish of St. Olave; near an apothe- 
cary, who with Dr. Mead had the care of a family, who were sick near the place, 
where the Palatines were lodged, who said the places adjacent are in danger of 
infection from a very ill distemper among them, of which many died. 

As to the apprehension of the charge to the Parish, It appears, the Palatines 
have no subsistance, but what they get by their wives begging in the streets. 

That the ordinary rates for the poor in St. Olave's parish is eight times as 
much, as twenty years ago, and that besides, this year are extraordinary book 
of 700 pounds over and above the ordinary rates will not defray the charge of 
the said parish toward their own poor. 

It likewise appears to this Committee that there is in the Chamber of London 
remaining of the money collected by briefs etc. the sum of £647. 3 s. 11 14 d. 
and also in the hands of the receivers for the briefs, not yet paid into the hands 
of the Chamberlain of London £1,380. 2 s. 4 d. In all £2,027. 6 s. 3 14 d. Besides 
what is collected in some parishes, which have not yet returned their briefs. 
Upon the matter of the petition of the Committee came to the following Resolu- 
tion, viz.. Resolved, that the petitioners have fully proved the allegations of 
their petition, and had just reason to complain. 

That upon the instruction given to the Committee they have endeavored as far 
as they could to find out upon what encouragement the Palatines came into Eng- 
land, and upon examination of several of them, what were the motives which 
induced them to leave their native country it appeared to the Committee, that 
there were books and papers dispersed in the Palatinate, with the Queen's pic- 
ture before the books and the title pages in letters of Gold (which from thence 
were called the Golden Book) to encourage them to come to England, in order to 
be sent to Carolina, or other her Majesty's Plantations to be settled there. The 
Book is chiefly a commendation of that country. 

What further encouraged them to leave their native country, was the ravages 
the French had made and the Damages the hard frost had done to their vines and 
accordingly one Joshua de Cockershall, a Lutheran Minister with some other 
Palatines to the number of 61 persons applied to Mr. Davenent at Frankfort for 
passes, but he refused them passes, moneys and recommendations for fear of 
disgusting the Elector Palatine. 

(Letter of Mr. Davenant, Feb. 16, 1708. N. S. p. 2.) 

and desires to know her Majesty's pleasure therein, how to behave himself, on 
which Mr. Bayle signifies her Majesty's commands, that though the desire of 
those poor people to settle in the plantations is very acceptable, and would be 
for the public good, yet she can by no means consent to Mr. Davenant's giving, 
in any public way, encouragement, either by money or passes to the Elector 
Palatines subjects to leave their country without his consent. 
(Letter of Mr. Boyle, Feb. 17, O. S. 1708.) 

Nevertheless the above mentioned Lutheran Minister and 41 persons came into 
England in the year 1708 and a petition from them was presented to her Majesty, 
praying to be taken under her protection and settled in the plantation; which 
petition, was by her Majesty's commands referred to the commissioners of Trade. 
(April 20th No. 3.) to find out a fit place to settle them and how to transport 
them. The Commissioners of Trade certify (April 26) they are too poor to subsist 
without her Majesty's Bounty, which was, by order of the Queen and Council 
to the Lord High Treasurer. Those people were subsisted and sent to New York, 
with the Lord Lovelace, at her Majesty's expense. 

The next year the Act for naturalizing foreign Protestants being past, great 
number of Palatines and some from other parts of Germany came into Holland 
and from thence into England at several times, being upon their first arrival in 



1730 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Holland, subsisted by the charity of Rotterdam, but afterward at the Queens 
expense and transports and other ships, at her Majesty's charge provided, to 
bring them thither as also all sorts of necessaries during their voyage by Mr. 
Dayralle, her Majesty's Secretary at the Hague, who had received instructions 
from Mr. Secretary Boyle, (in her Majesty's name) to that purpose, pursuant to 
my Lord Duke of Marlborough's desire, signified by Mr. Cardonnell in his letter 
of the 21st of May 1709 to Mr. Tilson, secretary to Mr. Boyle, and at the same 
time he was told that my Lord Treasurer has wrote to Mr. Bridges, the pay- 
master to order Mr. Sweet at Amsterdam to supply him with such sums of money, 
as that service should require. 

Pursuant to these instructions, Mr. Dayralle from time to time informed Mr. 
Secretary Bayle of the number of Palatines arrived in Holland and what were 
embarked for England, with the Intelligence he received of more, that were com- 
ing, as appears by his letters. 

And in his letter of the 1st O. S. 11th N. S. June 1709 he informes Mr. Secre- 
tary Bayle that there were a great many Papists among them in Holland whom, 
notwithstanding, he sent to England, though some time after they were sent 
back again and Ten shillings per head given them by Mr. Dayralle, at their ar- 
rival in Holland. In June 1709, the number of Palatines arrived in England was 
upward of 10,000 (as appears by Mr. Dupur's list who was employed by the Com- 
missioners here to pay them their subsistance) which causes great complaints; 
upon which Mr. Secretary Boyle sent orders to Mr. Dayralle to hinder any more 
from being sent over, till these already come should be provided for, and settled; 
lest by their coming so fast and in such great bodies, it should grow impracticable 
to bear the burden of so many poor together and to disperse them with due care 
for their future maintenance, in the several places, to which they might be allotted, 
so that the success of the whole matter might happen thereby to be disappointed 
and accordingly an advertisement was published, signifying that no more should 
be transported for England. 

(24 June 1709. No. 61.) 

Notwithstanding this prohibition great numbers continued to arrive here. Mr. 
Dayralle, having afterward sent 3000; and others were embarked and provided 
with necessaries by collections from the people of Rotterdam, the Magistrate of 
that town not suffering them to come into it; by which means they were reduced 
to great misery. 

Palatines still continued to come till the middle of October 1709 although the 
orders to Mr. Dayralle (to hinder their coming) were often repeated; and the 
States General had been applied to, to send instructions to their minister in Ger- 
many, to hinder the coming of any more of the Elector Palatine's subjects in this 
manner who was highly offended by their desertion, Upon which Mr. Dayralle 
informs Mr. Secretary Boyle that these people (20 Aug. 1709) were encouraged 
to come by somebody in England, and that since the Prohibition, a Gentleman 
with a servant, that came over in the Packet boat, had gone amongst the Pala- 
tines at the Brill and distributed money and printed Tickets to encourage them 
to come over; and many of these tickets were sent to their friends in Germany 
to persuade them to do the like. 

Mr. Dayralle could never discover who this Gentleman was, though he says 
he endeavored it all he could; and the Committee could come to no certain knowl- 
edge therein, but find by two letters, that Mr. Henry Torne, a Quaker at Rotter- 
dam, who in all this matter acted under Mr. Dayralle, forced a great many to 
embark for England, after they had provided themselves a passage to go back to 
their own country; which the Palatines owed upon their arrival, was the only 
reason that induced them to come. 

The number of Palatines being very great and a few or some disposed also 
as to gain a settlement a commission under the Great Seal was given to divers 
Lords and others to distribute her Majesty's bounty and also the charities col- 
lected, to them and to use their endeavors to settle them here. It was also earn- 
estly recommended to the Commissioners of Trade by my Lord Sunderland to 
consider in what part of England a settlement could be best obtained for them, 
and his Lordship urged (May 3rd 1709) that the Queen was convinced of the benefit 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1731 

It would be to her Kingdom, If a method could be found to settle them here (so ^'^^^ 
as they might get a comfortable livelihood instead of sending them to the West 

In order to do this, the Lords Commissioners of Trade consulted with their 
Attorney and Solicitor General to these two Queens (May SOth 1709 No. 27 

1st. Whether her Majesty has a right and power by law to grant lands in her 
forests and wastes to any of her subjects, with license to build cottages and 
inclose the said Lands in order to convert the same into Villages etc. 

2nd What security her Majesty may give to indemnify the parishes from the 
settlement of poor families amongst them, who shall be admitted to dwell in 
the same cottages. 

To the first of these they answer. Her Majesty has a right and power to grant 
such wasts for 31 years, or three lives, or terms of years, determinable upon one, 
two, or three lives, with license to build and Inclose provided four acres be laid 
to each cottage and a third part of the yearly value of the Land reserved for a 
rent upon cash lease. 

To the second (which makes the case of the petitioners the harder) they an- 
swered, that no security is required by law to be given to indemnify any parish 
from the settlement of any poor family of foreigners, who never had any settle- 
ments in England before, for there is no way of obliging any poor family that 
comes to settle in a parish to give security, but by removing them by a warrant 
from the Justices of the Peace, to the Parish, where they were last legally settled 
In case they refused to give it, which being a remedy no parish can make use of 
in the case of foreigners upon their first arrival in England they are at liberty 
to settle where they please, and it can't be expected her Majesty should give a 
security to indemnify any parish upon this account. 

Great endeavors were used here to disperse and settle the Palatines in several 
towns in England. My Lord Sunderland wrote a pressing letter to the Mayor of 
Canterbury, to receive some of them into that city, which upon communicating 
the letter to the rest of the magistrates, they refused to do, because of the burden 
of their own poor, they already labored under. 

Several proposals were likewise made by private persons to receive some and 
many were received, the Commissioners allowing five pounds per head, and travel- 
ing charges with them; but in a very short time, most of them returned and 
were afterwards otherwise disposed of. Captain Elkins proposed to take off 600 
and settle them in Scilly; who were accordingly embarked in the river and two 
transports, by order of my Lord Sunderiand and provisions put on board for them 
from the victualing office (September 21, October 26, 1709) but after they had 
lam on board two months, the ships were, by order from my Lord Sunderiand 
discharged and the Palatines again set on shore and the charges lost viz. 

The freight of two ships 32^ ^g 5 

Victuals put on board the said ships, per 

order from the Commissioners of victualling. 666. 0. 6 % 

Total of the expedition 1,487. 18. 11 v. 

It appears that there has been paid to 
Mr. Popple Sec. to the Com. of Trade and 
Plantations by the Honorable Spencer 
Compton, Esq., for subsisting and trans- 
porting several Palatines to New York 
Anno 1708 

It appears by an account from the Transport 
OflJce that they have paid for bringing 
over Palatines in the Richard Joseph and 
Hopewell, Transport ships 


346. 0. 


1732 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

^'7'i^i- It appears by an account from Mr. Taylor 

clerk of the Treasurer that there has been 

paid by bills drawn on the Honorable Spencer 

Dayralle at the Hague, who had directions to 
. take care of their transportations to 

England 5.943. 1. 9 

It appears that there has been paid by 

the aforesaid Mr. Compton for the sub- 

sistance of Palatines here, and sending 

several to Ireland and New York with 

Col. Hunter 45,904. 16. 10 

It appears there has been paid out of 

the collections arrising per briefs 

from the Chamber of London by order of 

the Commissioners for the Palatines 19,838. 11. 1 

It appears there has been paid or direct- 
ed to be paid, for the use of the Palatines 
or services relating to them, by the Treas- 
urer of the Navy by way of imposts at two 
several payments, being part of 10,000 pounds 
given by Parliament for raising usual 
stores in her Majesty's Plantations 8000. 0. 

Colonel Hunter has demanded as being abso- 
lutely necessary to complete the settlement 
of the Palatines at New York 30,000. 0. 0. 

Of which he has already drawn bills for 
4,700 pounds 17 shillings and 11 pence 
Appropriating out of her Majesty's Reve- 
nues in Ireland, by her first warrant 
dated October 17, 1709 before mentioned 15,000. 0. 

Appropriated out of the same revenues by 
her Majesty's second warrant before men- 
tioned the 25th of November 1709 9,000. 0. 

So that the whole charge occasioned by 

the Palatines amounts to 135,775. 18. ^^ 

And the resolution of the Committee upon the said petition of the Minister, 
Church Wardens and Inhabitants of the Parish of St. Cleaves in Southwark in 
the County of Surry together with the principal inhabitants of the adjacent par- 
ishes was referred, who were to inquire upon what invitation or encouragement, 
the Palatines came over and what moneys were expended in bringing them Into 
Great Britain and for maintaining them here and by whom paid was read a 
second time. 

Resolved that the House doth agree with Committee that the petitioners have 
fully proved the allegations of their petition and had just reason to complain. 

Resolved, that the inviting and bringing over into this Kingdom the poor Pala- 
tines of all religions at the public expense, was an extravagant and miserable 
charge to the Kingdom and a scandalous misapplication of the public money tend- 
ing to the increase and oppression of the poor of this Kingdom and of dangerous 
consequences to the constitution in church and state. 

Resolved, that whosoever advised the bringing over the poor Palatines into this 
Kingdom was an enemy to the Queen and this Kingdom. 

Ordered, that the farther consideration of the said report be adjourned till this 
day seven night. 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1733 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

iSTew York. ■ ;' '-"^ 

1709, April 2nd. The Eev. Deputati ad res Exteras announce 
that inasmuch as the letters formerly despatched to 'Eew York 
have been captured by the enemy, they have written thither again. 
For this they are thanked, ix. 188. 


Trade Papers, Bundle D. 54. 

• White Hall, May 3, 1709. 
My Lords and Gentlemen: — 

The Queen being informed that some hundreds of poor German 
Protestants are lately come and more are coming from the Pala- 
tines with intentions to settle in her Majesty's plantations in 
America. Her Majesty being convinced that it would be much 
more for the advantage of her Kingdom if a method could be 
found to settle them here in such a manner as they might get a 
comfortable livelihood instead of sending them to the West Indies, 
that it would be a great encouragement to others to follow their 
example and that the addition to the number of her subjects 
would in all probability produce a proportionally increase of their 
trade and manufactures. Her Majesty has commanded me to 
signify to you her pleasure that you should take this matter into 
consideration and that if you can think of any proper method of 
having this done you should propose the same to her Majesty as 
soon as is possible, together with your opinion in what part of 
England it may be most possible. I must not omit to acquaint 
;^ou that they; are for the most part husbandmen and laboring 
people which makes it the easier to dispose of them to the 
advantage of the public. 

I am my Lords and Gentlemen, your most humble servant, 




1734 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

Letter of Sunderland to Board to inquire into the condition and 

number of Palatines. 
Trade Papers, 
Bundle D. 55. White Hall May 5, 1709. 

Lords and Gentlemen: — 

Some hundreds of the poor German Protestants concerning 
whom I lately wrote to you, being since come over, the Queen 
being graciously disposed to relieve their necessities has com- 
manded me to signify to you her Majesty's pleasure that you 
should forthwith make inquiry into their numbers and condition 
and report to her Majesty as soon as may be what it may be 
necessary to give them for their present support till they be either 
settled here, or sent to her Majesty's plantations. 

I am, my Lords and Gentlemen, your most humble servant, 


Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Letters from Revs. Le Bouck, Freeman, Anthonides, Du Bois. 

1709, May 6th. Kev. Bomble hands in to the Assembly letters 
from Rev. Le Bouck, Rev. Freerman, Rev. Anthonides, and Rev. 
de Bois, which were read to the Rev. Assembly by the president. 

In regard to the letter of Rev. Le Bouck: since this contains 
nothing material besides that which was mentioned in his previous 
letter, therefore the Rev. Assembly in regard to this, abides by 
its resolution previously adopted; but inasmuch as there are also 
found in the said letter some very sharp expressions concerning 
several persons, the Rev. Assembly resolves that the Messrs. 
Committee ad res exteras, in a postscript, made known to him 
the displeasure of Classis at such expressions, and admonish him 
to abstain from such language in the future; otherwise this 
Classis will institute such measures against him as may be deemed 

The other letters are placed in the hands of the Messrs. Com- 
mittee ad res Exteras, to report on the Rev. Assembly, ix. 189. 

OF THE State of New York. 1735 


May, 1709 — April, 1710. 

Memorial, of Lutheraist Ministers. 

May 12, 1709. [The Palatines.] 
Trade Papers. 
Bundle D. 56. May it please your Lordships. 

According to your Lordships order of Thursday last, we the 
under written ministers have made a particular inquiry into the 
condition and circumstances of the poor Palatines of which we 
humbly lay an account before your Lordships, showing, 

1st The trades and names of all the men. 

2nd Their age. 

3rd Their wives. 

4th Their sons and daughters with their age. 

6 th Their religion. 

May it please your Lordships. 

These poor distressed people who most humbly implore her 
Majesty's most gracious protection have desired us to represent 
with all submission to your Lordships, 

1. That those of them who had some subsistance when they 
left their own country have during their journey and voyage been 
obliged to assist the others who had nothing to live upon by which 
means all of 'em (except some few) are now reduced to great 

2. That they finding themselves under great straits and having 
already some sick among 'em for want of subsistance and many of 
'em going almost naked their most humble request is your Lord- 
ships would provide some speedy relief for 'em, lest the vigorous 
y;oung men might lose their health and strength and so not be 
serviceable in the plantation. 



1736 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. That those who are come over last and who landed on the 
5th day of this instant month of May, having had some brandy in 
small vessels which they brought over for their own use, taken 
from them by the Custom House officers, they most humbly 
desire it may be restored to 'em. 

4. That your Lordships would be pleased to order, that they 
may not be overcrowded in the ships in their voyage to the planta- 
tions they having been in great misery and that several children 
died in their passage from Holland for want of room. 

5. That about one hundred more of their countrymen, having 
been obliged to stay behind at Rotterdam, they think it their 
duty humbly to lay before your Lordships that they cannot pay 
their transport hither and leave it to your Lordships generosity 
and goodness if your Lordships would be pleased to find out means 
how they may be arrived over. 

6. If being likely that these poor people who are destitute of 
a minister, may stay here some time, we are ready to perform the 
divine service with 'em once or twice a week if your Lordships 
would appoint a place near their dwellings in St. Catherine where 
they might meet. 

May it please your Lordships. 
This is what we had humbly to represent to your Lordships on 
the part of these poor people who are the more encouraged to 
confide in her Majesty's Royal Bounty and goodness as they know 
that their brethren as well as all other distressed people have 
found a sure relief in her Majesty's most gracious protection. 

They as well as we think themselves always bound in conscience 
to send their most fervent prayers to God Almighty to pour out 
upon her Majesty his temporal and spiritual blessings. 
May it please your Lordships, v 

Your Lordships most humble and obedient servants, 
John Tribleck, Chaplain of his late 

R. H. Pr. George of Denmark. 
George Andrew Reapieti, Minister of the German 
Lutheran Church in the Savoy. 

OF THE State of IsTew Yoek. 1737 

May it please your Lordsliips. 

We the underwritten ministers having taken a more exact list 
and account of the poor Protestants Palatines, we cannot present 
the same to your Lordships without laying most humbly before 
you, the sad calamity these poor people are under and we beg 
leave to observe that a great many of 'em begin to be very sickly 
and that several of 'em are dead already. We humbly conceive 
the reason of it may be 

1. That they are packed up in such great numbers, we having 
found very often twenty or thirty men and women together 
with their children in one room. 

2. That when they fall sick they are destitute of all comfort- 
able assistance and many really without bread. 

We therefore humbly beseech your Lordships that seeing the 
deplorable and distressed condition of these miserable people, you 
would in your known generosity and goodness compassionate 
them and provide some speedy relief for their great necessity in 
which humbly confiding we rest with the greatest respect. 

May it please your Lordships (etc. as before) 

The first list made by the Lutheran Minister was made on the 
6th of May 1709 in St. Catherine. 

It opens with Casper Truck student of divinity. Reformed 
twenty five years and contains eight hundred and fifty two names. 

They consisted of two hundred and ten families with twelve 
widows and six unmarried females. Of these one hundred and 
twenty two families were Reformed and twelve of the rest. 

Thirty three families Catholics and three of the rest. The 
remaining Lutheran. 

This list is D. 57. 



1738 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 

Letter from tlie Earl of Sunderland. [The Palatines.] 

Trade Papers. 

B. 58. - White Hall May 15, 1709. 

My Lords and Gentlemen: — 

I received yours of yesterday's date and laid it before the Queen 
who approving of what you propose has given orders for a supply 
to the poor Germans till they are otherwise provided for, and now 
her Majesty being desirous to have as soon as may be your opinion 
how such provision can be made and these people be settled in 
such maimer as may be most for her Majesty's service and the ad- 
vantage of her dominion, commands me to signify her Pleasure 
that you will make what dispatch you can to report to her Majesty 
your opinion in the several points mentioned in my letter of the 

8rd instant. 

I am etc. 

Journal of Council, New York. 
1709, May 18. Richard Ingoldesby, Governor. 

Ordered. That a letter be written to be sent to the 

manager of Indian affairs at Albany, to send a belt of 

Avampum to the Five Nations and to bring the young men to 
Albany with the Sachems, and to secure the priests, etc. Council 
Journal, 279. 

1709, May 20. Col. Schuyler showed a letter written to him by 
a priest in Canada, about some prisoners which they have, of 
the English, and which the Government of Massachusetts Bay 
has -^f theirs. Council Journal. 280. 

Extracts from Journal of Society for Propagating the Gospel, 
about the Palatines. 

Vol. i. May 20, 1709. Page 164. § 7. 

The Secretary reported from the Committee that they had 
received some proposals relating to the poor persecuted Palatines 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1Y39 


lately arrived from Germany, importing that the said Society 
should be moved to send over a German minister with the said 
Palatines in case the Government think fit to cause them to be 
transported into some part of her Majesty's plantations, and which 
they agreed to lay before the Society, as also to move the Society 
that in case no minister can be found in England fit to be sent to 
take care of the said Palatines, that some application may be 
made to Prof. Frank at Hall in Germany for a fitting minister for 
the said people, then the said proposals being read, agreed that the 
consideration thereof be postponed till the Government have rer 
solved how to dispose of the said Palatines, and that in the mean- 
time copies of the proposals be laid before the Lord Archbishop 
of Canterbury and the Lord Bishop of London and their opinion 
humbly asked upon the same. 

June 3, 1709. p. 170. § 3. 

The Secretary reported: that he had according to order laid 
before the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lord Bishop 
of London, the proposal about providing a minister for the poor 
Palatines, and humbly asked their Lordships advice about the 
same, and that both their Lordships were of opinion that it was 
not proper for this society to meddle therein till the government 
had resolved how to dispose of them. 

Letter of Mk. Chamberlain with Account What Has Been 

Done for the Palatines. 
Trade Papers. 
D. 61. Temple Exchange Coffee House, May 20, 1709. 

Present — Dr. Bray, Sir John Phiepps, Mr. Watson, Mr. Preake, 
Mr. Chamberlayne, Mr. Ludolph, Dr. Slare, Mr. 
HaUes, Mr. Shute, Mr. Trebeks, Mr. :N'elson, Mr. 

Dr. Slare acquainted the Gentlemen, with the present state of 
the poor Palatines as to health and declares that as he had 


1Y40 Ecclesiastical Records 

hitherto furnislied with medicine so he would continue to do for 
a week longer. That Mr. Longhenback who was both a surgeon 
and an apothecary daily visited 'em and had skillfully and faith- 
fully followed the directions given him and would continue to do 
so till another provision could be thought of. 

Dr. Bosy produced an estimate of the number of the Palatines 
taken the day before yesterday, by which it appeared there were 
825 men, women and children. 

It being represented that there was an absolute necessity of 
thinning the number where they at present reside. 

Agreed that some of the large bams in the out places of the 
city be forthwith hired for that purpose. 

Agreed that Mr. Wm. Carter and Mr. D. Keman be desired to 
be agents to the Gent, to contract for such barns and place the 
Palatines therein. 

Agreed that the money collected by charitable contributions 
toward relieving the poor Palatines be lodged in. the hands of Mr. 
Hen Hoare and that he be desired to accept that trouble. 

Mr. Hoare was also desired to furnish the agents with mone;^ 
from time to time as they should want it. 

Agreed to meet again at this place Monday the 23rd inst. b;^ 
3 o'clock in the afternoon. 

Temple Exchange Coffee House, Monday May 23, 1709. 

Present — Mr. Freske, Ludolph Hoare, Watson, Slare, Chamber- 
layne, Trebeks, Dr. Bray, Sir Philip Mr. Rupert Bridges, Mr. 
Sec. Hook, Sir Mr. Dudley, Mr. Shute. 

The Gentlemen being informed that several hundred Palatines 
were arrived since their last meeting. 

Agreed that the cheapest and wholesomest way of disposing of 
'em at present is to provide them with tents to be pitched in some 
decent place or places at convenient distances from the city where 
they may be of use for making hay and assisting in. the next 

OF THE State of IsTew York. 1741 

Agreed that Mr. Freske and Mr. Charaberlayne be desired to 
signify to the Lords Commissioners of Trade the opinion of the 
Gent, here present as to disposing of the Palatines in tents and 
that they humbly recommend it to their Deps. to procure an Qrder 
from her Majesty for lending such tents out of her stores as may 
be best spared till they can be otherwise provided. And if it shall 
be thought proper to desire the spare room in Greenwich Hospital 
for the same purpose. 

Mr. Carter reported that he had contracted for Mr. Clayton's 
ams at Kenneton and lodged therein last Saturday 45 Palatines 
and hoped it would be capable of receiving as many more. 

Mr. Rupert acquainted the Gent, mth the manner of dis- 
tributing the Queens money to the Palatines as follows, viz. 

To each man and each woman above 20 years old, 5 d. To 
those under 20 and above 10, 4 d. To those under 10 years of 
age, 3 d. per day and ye overplus paid house rent and bread. 
Paid twice a week, Tuesdays and Fridays. 

The Gent, being informed of the good state of health of the 
Palatines first landed in 

Agreed that Mr. Chamberlayne be desired to get the same 
advertised in the iSTews papers. 

Agreed to meet here to-morrow by 10 o'clock in the morning 

Tuesday May 24, 1709. 

Present — Bosy, Sir John Philipps, Mr. Watson, Dr. Keith, 
Ludolph Bridges, Chamberlayne, Dr. Slare, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 

Mr. Bridges reported that he had hired 3 barnes at Wallworth 
in Surrey at 20 s. per month, each barn, agreed for straw at 10 s. 
per load, milk at a penny and a small beer at 1/2 penny per quart. 

H. JSTewman produced a list of 8 barns in Lambeth parish near 



1742 Ecclesiastical Records 

Dr. Bray reported that he had agreed with Mr. Scherer to read 
prayers to the Palatines every day and that there was a sermon 
preached to 'em twice a week by the same Gent, one time and by 
Mr. Trebeke and Mr. Eupert alternately. 

Ordered that 20 s. worth of combs be distributed among the 
Palatines by Mr. Carter. 

Agreed to meet at Leigh's Chambers in ye Temple by 4 o'clock 
in the afternoon. 

Queens bench walks at Mr. Leigh's Chambers, May 24th, 4 

o'clock P. M. 

Present — Watson, Hoare, Ludolph, Bray. 

Mr, Green reported that he had agreed for a very large house 
and one large barn at Wallworth in Surrey for 20 s. each per 
month, to evacuate the last p. midsummer day and the first at 14 
days warning. 

Agreed to meet here tomorrow afternoon at 4 o'clock. 

Ceetain Palatines Turn Pietists. 

(Counc. Min.) 

In Councill, May 26th, 1709. 

Upon Reading the Petition of Joshua Cocherthal the Minister & Herman Schune- 
man and other of the Germans that were sent over hither by her Majesty's Charity 
setting forth that by reason of the Death of My Lord Lovelace they and the rest 
of these Germans are In Great want of Provisions and necessarys for their Sup- 
port being provided for by his Lordship in his life time but since his Decease 
have received no subsistance and upon reading a Copy of a Report from the Right 
Honorable ye Lords of Trade to her Majesty dated ye 28th of Aprill 1708 with rela- 
tions to ye said Germans and upon Coll. Nicholsons informeing this Board that 
he believes it was intended they should be supported by her Majesty's Bounty for 
nine or twelve months after there arrival here and It being represented to this 
Board that nineteen Persons of the forty seven of the said Germans have changed 
their Religion become Pietists and withdrawn themselves from the Communion 
of the Minister and ye Rest of ye said Germans, being seven & twenty in all 
which this Board conceives not agreeable to the intentions of her Majesty and may 
prove distruetive of the Ends of their being settled here and the Gentlemen of this 
Board haveing brought to their remembrance that My Lord Lovelace did say in 
Councill that he had orders in England to allow the said Germans a maintenance 
for Twelve months after their arrival here and this Board being of opinion that 
unless some speedy measures be taken for their immediate support they cannot be 
capable to make any settlement on the land whereon they are placed but must 
desert the same and betake themselves to some other manner of Providing a main- 
tenance whereby the End of her Majesty's Bounty and Charity will be wholly 

OF THE State of ISTew York. 1743 

frustrated It is therefore their request to Coll. Thomas Wenham that he do pro- 
vide a needfull & necessary support for the said Minister and ye six and Twenty 
other Germans of his Congregation untill the expiration of the said Twelve month* 
from their arrivall here or untill her Majestys pleasure be known herein because 
the Revenue of this Province is Expired and besides the Government is greatly in 

In Councill, June 18, 1709. 

Ordered that Mr. Van Dam, Mr. Barbarie & Capt. Provost be a Committee to 
Inquire into the Disputes between ye Germans lately sent to this Province by her 
Majesty & that Mr. Vesey and Mr. Du Bois assist them on their said Inquire con- 
cerning their Religious Disputes the times places of ye meeting of which Com- 
mittee is to be appointed by ye said Mr. Van Dam, Mr. Barbarie & Capt. Provost 
or any two of them. 

In Councill, June 21, 1709. 

Mr. Barbarie from the Committee to Inquire into the Disputes between the Ger- 
mans sent to this Province by Her Majesty Reported that they have Inquired into 
those relateing to their Religion assisted by Mr. Vesey & Mr. Du Bois and that 
nothing of the aligations suggested against those called Pietists have been proved 
before them. 

Whereupon it is the request of this Board that Coll. Wenham do victuall them in 
like manner with the other Germans till the alligations be made out to this Board. 

And it is ordered that such of their Cloaths Tools & Materialls as they shall 
want for their present Occation be delivered to them. — Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. 111. 
p. 329. 

Anglican Church at Harlem. E-ev. Henricus Beys Has 


May 30, 1709. 

" Col. Lewis Morris, though far from desiring to force the Church upon the 
people, and taking very moderate views of the establishment, appears to have 
been interested about this time in the subject of Church extension in the upper 
part of the island of New York, where the Rev. Mr. Vesey had no following, and 
probably no voice in religious affairs. Morris wrote to the Society, May 30, 1709, 
under the above date, saying ", 

" I have used some endeavors to persuade the Dutch in my neighborhood into 
a good opinion of the Church of England, and have had that success that they 
would, I believe, join a great part of them in the Sacraments and Worship had 
they Dutch Common Prayer Books and a man that understood their language ". 
(N. Y. Conv. MSS. i. 160.) 

" Accordingly, when the Dutch Church in Harlem was left without a voorleser 
the Rev. Henricus Beyse, formerly the Dutch minister at Esopus, was induced to 
go there, having conformed to the Church of England and accepted Episcopal ordi- 
nation. This created some feeling, and attempt was made by parties among the 
Dutch to blacken his character. For a year or two, with the encouragement of 
the Propagation Society, he continued to serve, but the field was not ready for the 
harvest, and the work was abandoned, while the Dutch clergymen in the city took 
the oversight of the place ". — Dix, 176-7. 


1744: Ecclesiastical Recoeds 



The Palatines. 
Trade Papers. London May 30, 1709. 

Z. 74. 

My Lord: — 

Having received orders to lay before your Lordship vrhat I had to offer in rela- 
tion to the 3000 Palatines to be sent to New York and the employment of them 
there, I humbly beg leave to offer to your consideration the full particulars. 

It being now resolved that these people shall be employed in naval stores and 
good assurances had of or found requisite for settling of them to work that way. 

I desire your Lordships opinion as to the places most proper for planting of them 
for that purpose. The objections I have heard against Hudson and Albany Rivers 
are the falls which render the navigation difficult, most of the lands below the 
falls being granted away and ye purchasing of ye from the present grantees un- 

Plscatwey Rivers or Newhaushire is undoubtedly proper for that purpose but the 
title to the lands being in dispute between Mr. Allin and the present possessor, 
Quere, if it may not be of use to discourse with Mr. Allen to know upon what 
terms he will resign his claims to the crown, by which means the inhabitants there 
may be induced to yield the lands without difficulty. Duke Hamilton who has a 
claim to a great part of Rhode Island and Connecticut offers to resign his title also 
upon easy terms. His agent shall attend your Lordships if it be thought necessary. 

Kenebecq River in the northern part of New England is beyond all dispute the 
most proper place for that purpose, as well for the nature of Its soil and its prod- 
uce, as for the considerable fishing, but lying so remote from our plantation and 
so near to the enemies it will be difficult to plant them there during the war. I 
humbly propose in the next place that four persons sufficiently interested in the 
methods of making these stores may be sent along with them to teach 'em the 
trade and supervise the work and that they have sufficient salaries allotted them 
for the time they shall attend the service and that leave be given to whosoever Is 
charged with the care of that affair to employ commissaries and clerks of stores 
and other officers requisite and to allot them proportionable salaries out of the 
funds for that purpose. That a requisite number of Cauldrons and such other 
utensils for trade as cannot be had in our Colonies be forth with provided here 
according to a list that shall be given in as soon as I can have Information In that 
matter and that a reasonable quantity of hemp seed be also bought up and sent 
over; that there may be as small delays as possible In the employing these people 
on the other side. 

The number to be transported being 3000 and housing of 'em at their landing 
being very uncertain and no cover to be expected where they are to be planted 
until they build themselves huts, I presume your Lordships will think it necessary 
that there be 600 tents at least sent along with them. 

The stores formerly sent to New York being exhausted by the Intended expedi- 
tion to Canada and that people to be planted on the frontiers, It will be absolutely 
necessary they be armed with 600 fire locks and bayonnets at least from her 
Majesty's stores here and a proportionable quantity of powder and shot and other 
ammunition stores according to custom. 

Having upon this occasion particular reasons for • « ♦ the Indians It will 
be necessary that what present at least have been heretofore made to them may 
be at this time renewed as well for their good will In parting with these lands that 
we may possess, as to engage their assistance for the defence of our infant Col- 
onies. This is all that at this time I can recollect necessary to be offered to your 
Lordships consideration which I humbly submit, the whole being with all honor 
and regard. My Lords, 

Your Lordships most humble and most obedient servant. 

Rev. 0. Hnnter. 

OF THE State of ISTew Yoek. 1745 


The Palatines. Letter of Mr. Chambeelatke. 

[June 1st, 1709]. 

Worthy Sir: — I intended to have waited on the Lords Com. this 
morning in person, but being indisposed I humbly beg that these 
few lines may plead my pardon and introduce to their Lordships 
the inclosed papers and lastly obtain for me some account what 
has been done in consequence of their Honors letter to my Lord 
Treasurer about no-ch I applied to Mr. Taylor yesterday, but then 
he had not heard from your board etc. 

D. 62. Trade Papers. An abstract of list of poor Palatines taken 

May 20, 1709. 

Able men 


Able women 


Sons above 14 years in good health 

: 27 

Sons from 10-14 years 


Daughters above 14 years in good health 


Daughters from 10-14 




Sick men 


Sick women 


Sick sons above 14 years 


Sick daughters above 14 years 


Sons under 10 years 


Daughters under 10 years 




All in all 



1746 Ecclesiastical, Recoeds 

Report erom Mr. Attorney and Solicitor General, Read 

June 1, 1709. 
Trade Papers ^ 

D. 63. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of Trade and 

Pursuant to your Lordships commands signified to us by Mr. 
Popple in the letter hereunto annexed, we have considered of the 
queries therein mentioned and are of opinion 

1. That her Majesty has a right and power by law to grant any 
parcel of lands in her forests, chases and wasts to any of her sub- 
jects for any term or estate not exceeding one and thirty years, or 
three lives with license to build cottages and enclose the same to 
tillage and husbandry; provided that four acres of ground at least 
be laid to each cottage for habitation and that the third part of 
the clear yearly value of the lands derived be reserved for rent 
upon every lease. 

2. We humbly conceive that no sequrity is required by law to 
be given to indemnify any parish from the settlement of any poor 
family of foreigners who never had any settlement in England 
before, for there is no way of obliging any poor family that comes 
to settle in a parish to give security, but by removing by a warrant 
from the Justices of the Peace to the Parish where they were last 
legally settled. In case they refuse to give it, which being a 
remedie no parish can make use of in the case of foreigners upon 
their first arrival in England, they are at liberty to settle where 
they please and it can't be expected, that her Majesty should give 
security to indemnify any parish upon this account. 

All which is nevertheless most humbly submitted to your 

Lordships great wisdom. 

Ja. Montague 

R. Eyre 
June 1, 1709. 

OF THE State of New Yoek. 



Trade Papers. 
D. 64. 

The second list 1193 Palatines lately come over from Germany 
into this Kingdom, taken at Walworth the 27 of May, 1709. 

The list contains: 

Men 311 

Women 263 

Sons 323 

Daughters 296 



154 from Reformed 


from Lutheran 

rest Cathol; 


Trade Papers. 

D. 68. Third list of Palatines arrived, < 

June 2, 










































































Doessers j 










Linen weavers 






1748 Ecclesiastical Recoeds 
















Brick makers 


Woolen weavers 




Stocking weavers 





Trade Papers. 

D. 69. 

Pourth list of Palatines 


at St 



June 11, 








Unmarried men 


Unmarried women 



Sons above 14 



Daughters above 14 


Sons under 14 


Daughters under 14 


The whole sum 


First arrival 


Second arrival 


Third arrival 


Fourth arrival 







Trade Papers. 
D. YO. 

OF THE State of ISFew York. 1749 

Abstract of first tliad lists. 

Men 940 

Wives 903 

Widows . 73 

Unmarried men 292 

Unmarried women 77 

Sons above 14 years 257 

Daughters above 14 years 247 

Sons under 14 years 1016 

Daughters under 14 years 970 


Whole sum 4775 

Fourth list 1745 

June 10, 1709. 

All now here 6520 

Memorial of Mr. Tribbeko. 
June 23, 1709. [The Palatines.] 
Trade Papers. 
D. 75. 

May it please your Lordships : 

We the subscribed two Lutheran Ministers crave humbly leave 
to represent to your Lordships, that being entrusted by the 
Queen's warrant to distribute her Majesty's bounty amongst the 
poor Palatines we have made it hitherto our utmost care to the 
best of our ability to discharge this trust and have accordingly 
given in our account of 1400 pounds sterling. 

But the number of the said Palatines being so much increased 
and some more still expected, we find it absolutely impossible 
to hold out any longer under this great burden, the health of one 
of us being already so much impaired that he is forced to retire 
for some days into some quiet place. 


1750 Ecclesiastical Kecokds 

Wherefore we must make it our most humble request to your 
Lordships, to think on some way or other to prevent the great 
many inconveniences and disorders, which infallibly arises, if a 
sufficient number of able persons be not appointed to look after 
the said Palatines, not only for distributing their charity amongst 
them but also to take care of their lodging and prevent many 
disorders amongst such a number of persons 

We are willing still to contribute our assistance to the utmost 
of our power, but shall find it difficult enough to take care only 
of their spiritual concerns. 

Those that are lodged in barns must be now removed at mid- 
summer and her Majesty hath ordered us 1000 tents for them, 
but it is impossible for us to take care of finding out a place and 
giving necessary orders for the pitching of the said tents and 
removing the people into them. 

There is also to be considered that there is by warrant only 
provision made for 4000 Palatines, whereas there is already 6600 
of them actually here, so that we have been forced to pay a good 
sum to the remaining 2600 out of the allowance of the 4000. 

Wherefore care must be taken to provide likewise for the 
remaining 2600, if they are to be kept either from starving or 
being troublesome to her Majesty's subjects by begging. 

These are the most humble representations of may it please 
your Lordships, 

Your Lordships most humble and obedient servants, 
' John Tribbeks 


1709, June 6. 

The French Church of New Rochelle, per Rev. Mr. Bondet, to Col. Heathcote, 
offering to conform to the Church of England. 

New York, June 6th 1709. 
Honored Sir: — Since it is by your charitable assistance and concurrence that the 
Company of New Rochelle find themselves provided with the ministry; that your 
prudence and wise management hath hitherto composed and aswaged our diffi- 
culties about these matters of church settlement; we have thought that It was our 
duty, and that it should be your pleasure of charity to assist us with your presence 
and directions, that we may come to some terms of resolution for to have our church 
in full conformity with the National Church of England; and for to have the pro- 

OF THE State of JSTew York. 1751 

tection and assistance of the Rulers and encouragers of the same, that the service 
of God may be established in our place according to that holy rule, and the weak- 
ness of our place considered; that she may be enabled to support the charges of 
the ministry, as your Honor knows enough our circumstances be upon that trust 
of your candour, sincerity and charity for refuge Protestants, well meaning in the 
duties of our holy Religion, we remain. 
Honored Sir, 

Your most humble and dutiful servants, 
Elias Badeau Andrew Reneau J. Levillaine (signed by twenty six others.)* 

1709, June 13. 
Col. Heathcote to the Society for Propagating the Gospel, upon the offer of the 
French Church of New Rochelle to conform to the Church of England. 

Col. Heathcote to the Secretary. 
Mannor of Scarsdale. 

13 June, 1709. 
Worthy Sir: " After I had finished my other letters, Mr. Bondett gave me an 
account by letter, that his people were in a very good temper to receive and con- 
form to the Liturgy of our Church in their congregation; whereupon I went to 
New Rochelle, being accompanied with Mr. Sharp, Chaplain to the fforces, he 
being at my house, having yesterday preached and Administered the Sacrament at 
Rye; Mr. Bartow did us also the favor to meet us at Mr. Bondetts, and his con- 
gregation being desired to be at Church, after the service had been performed 
by Mr. Bartow, and a very good sermon preached to them by Mr. Sharp, the 
heads of the congregation desired Mr. Bondett to read and present me with a 
paper, returning me thanks for my endeavors in settling them in their re- 
ligious affairs, which I send you herewith: whereupon those gentlemen of the 
Clergy, etc., I did advise them to address the Society, acquainting them with their 
Resolution of conforming to the rules and discipline of the Church, to pray their 
assistance in supporting their Minister, and to send them a number of Common 
Prayer Books in the Ffrench Language, which is here inclosed, and also an Instru- 
ment in Ffrench, being a declaration of their Inclinations to conform to the rules 
of the Church. 

We all of us promise them not only to Recommend them in the best manner we 
could, but also to prevail with Col. Nicholson and Col. Morris to do the like. I 
believe I need not use many arguments to persuade the Society to do what they 
can conveniently for them; for Mr. Bondett, besides his serving the people of New 
Rochelle, will be of great use in assisting the ministers of the other Parishes; and 
not only that, but if these people are favorably received and encouraged. It will 
be a great means to influence the Ffrench Congregation in New York likewise to 
conform; and I am not without hopes of effecting my desired end, of having this 
county divided into three parishes, by which means we should effectually shut out 
all Sectaries from ever crowding in upon us. I can hardly express how great a 
comfort and satisfaction it is to me to see this work brought near so happy an 
issue, and for which I have been laboring in vain many years; and the only thing 
that obstructed it was that the Government would not give us leave, and which 
was almost the only cause that none of your Churches have throve better in this 
Province. The ffleet are just upon sailing, and I am in a very great hurry in con- 
cluding my letters, that I must beg leave to refer you to my next, and remain, 
Worthy Sir, 

Your affectionate humble servant, 

Caleb Heathcote. 
— Dix's Hist. Trinity Ch. 1. 172-4. 

• N. Y. Gen. Conv. MSS. i. 187-190. Dix's Hist. Trinity Church I. 174. 



1Y52 Ecclesiastical Records 

A View of the Queen's and Kingdom's Enemies in the Case 
OF THE Poor Palatines. 

To which is added A List of the Persons appointed Commis- 
sioners and Trustees of that charity, By her Majesty's Letters 
Patent: as also of those members of the Late Parliament that 
voted for the ISTaturalization Bill. In a letter from a Gen- 
tleman in London to his friend in the country Sold by the 
Booksellers (1711) price 2d. Q-uildhall Library, London. 

[Copied, 1898, by Prof. Wm. J. Hinke, in British Museum^ 
and furnished by his courtesy.] 

[June 16, 1709.] Sir:— 

The warmth you express in yours concerning the present enquiries that are now 
made in a Parliamentary way, into the invitations that were given to the poor 
Palatines to come into these Kingdoms, and the arguments you produce In favor 
of such proceedings from the practice of the Antients and Moderns make It neces- 
sary for me, not only to justify the Representative Body of the Nation, but to 
bring you to a calmness of temper by demonstrating that you have very little in- 
sight into that affair, and producing unquestionable authorities that they must be 
enemies to the Church and State who promote their being sent for, at the public 

In order to do this. It may not be amiss to give a succinct and true relation of 
the whole proceedings on that head, which could neither be designed for the advan- 
tage of the established religion or the support of the Monarchy, which is entirely 
upheld by the Church of England principles. I must desire you therefore to look 
somewhat more than two years backward into the transactions that were set on 
foot by the last Parliament and the Dates will tell you that the Honorable Sidney 
Wortley, Esq., In concert with the Lord William Powlet, Sir James Montague, 
Robert Eyre, Esq., Sir Joseph Jekyl, Richard Nevil, Esq., Sir Peter King and Wil- 
liam Lowndes, Esq. brought in a bill, by order of the House, for naturalizing for- 
eign Protestants on Monday Feb. 14, (1708, 1709) which was passed Into an Act on 
the 23rd of March following and was previous to the arrival of 10,000 Palatines 
from the 1st of May to the ISth of July 1709. Those that landed at the two first 
times, viz., from the 1st of May to the 12th of June, consisted of men having 
families 1278, wives 1234, widows 89, unmarried men 384, unmarried women 106, 
Boys above 14 years of age 379, Boys under 14 years 1367, Girls above 14 years of 
age 374, Girls under 14 years, 1309. So that the whole number of the two first 
numbers landed were 6520. Of these were Husbandmen and vinedressers 1083, 
Schoolmasters 10, Herdsmen 4, Wheelwrights 13, Smiths 46, Cloth and Linnen 
weavers 66, Carpenters 90, Bakers 32, Masons 48, Coopers and Brewers 48, Joiners 
20, Shoemakers 40, Taylors 58, Butchers 15, Millers 27, Sadlers 7, Stocking weav- 
ers 5, Painters 7, Miners S, Brick-makers 6, Potters 3, Hunters 5, Snomers 6, Sur- 
geons 3, Locksmiths 2, Brick-layers 4, Glaciers 2, Hatters 3, Silversmiths 2, Cook 1, 
Student 1, Grocer, 2: To which above 1500 being added that arrived In the river 
of Thames July 18th and others at other times, whose families, trades and employ- 
ments were not altogether so well distinguished or numbered, it made the number 
as above mentioned. 

As the ministry, then in being, put the Government to the charge of their im- 
portation which undoubtedly might have been laid out to a much better advantage, 
so her Majesty was at the whole expense of their subslstance for a considerable 
time, which increased from 16 pounds per diem at first to 100 pounds afterward. 

OF THE State of INew Yokk. 1753 

But as the late Ministry could not but forsee, that the continuance of such a 
charge wholly upon the court, could not but be too burdensome upon the Civil List, 
so they brought it about, by the means of some of their dependents who were Id 
the Commission of the peace for the County of Middlesex to address the Queen for 
her Letters Patents, for a Brief to raise charitable contributions for these dis- 
tressed Protestants, who were more than half of them Papists, as appears by such 
as have been returned back to Holland and elsewhere. Their address ran as 
follows : 

The humble Petition of your Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of 
Middlesex at the General Session for the peace for the said County held at Hick's 
Hall on Tuesday 7th of June 1709. State p. 7 & 8. 

In pursuance of this Remonstrance of theirs the following order of Council was 
published in the Gazette of June 20th. 

At the Court of St. James 

June 16, 1709 
The Queen's most excellent Majesty in Council. 

Upon reading this day at the Board, the humble petition of the justices of the 
peace for the County of Middlesex at the General Sessions of the Peace for the 
said County representing to her Majesty, the great wants and necessities of sev- 
eral thousand Germans of the Protestant Religion who being oppressed by the 
exactions of the French in their own country have fled for refuge into this King- 
dom and must have perished, had not her Majesty's generous and most seasonable 
bounty subsisted and humbly offering that for their further relief and subsistance 
a Brief may be issued for the collection of the charity of well disposed persons 
within the said County Her Majesty out of her tender regard and compassion to 
those poor people is pleased to condescend thereunto and to order that the Right 
Honorable, the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, do cause Letters Patents 
to be prepared and passed under the Great Seal, for the collection of the Charity 
of well disposed persons in all the churches and meetings and otherwise, within 
the said County of Middlesex, for and toward the present subsistance and relief 
of the said distressed poor Protestants. 

John Povey. 

Accordingly this Brief came out and happy was he amongst the Whig Party that 
could most distinguish himself by his bounty to those strangers that were come 
over to devour the Land, when he had no Bowels of compassion for the wants of 
his fellow subjects insomuch that some of the leaders of the party gave a thousand 
pounds a man; though the Lord Mayor of London therein being gave only fifty 
pounds and would scarce have done that, but for the sake of his office, though he 
was worth ten times as much as those that gave more. I need not acquaint the 
world after this, that his name was Sir Charles Duncomb. 

I should have told you that before this County and City collections was made, 
her Majesty had been pleased to appoint Commissioners and Trustees by her Royal 
Letters Patent under the Great Seal for collecting, receiving and disposing of the 
money to be thus collected, who upon July 6, 1709 gave public notice of the time 
and place they would sit at, in order to receive proposals for employing and set- 
tling the said Palatines and to prepare business in Committees for their General 
Meetings. Now the names of all such as contributed toward this public charity 
with the sums they respectively advanced, being to be brought to these Commis- 
sioners, it consequently made them apprized of such as were good and ill wishers 
to the cause and contributers more extensive in their donations in order to be 
thought well off by such as had the administrations of affairs so that after this 
charity had become general, throughout the whole Kingdom, while our own native 
poor were starving without any means of provision made for them. It was com- 
puted that more than 300,000 pounds was gathered. An incredible sum for a people 
to raise who had been under the burden of war more than twenty years, for a 



1Y54 Ecclesiastical Records 

parcel of vagabonds, who might have lived comfortably enough in their native 
country, had not the laziness of their dispositions and the report of our well- 
known generosity drawn them out of it. 

For as to their pretence to come hither purely for the exercise of their religion 
there was nothing in it, though some were induced to relieve them, on account of 
their pretended persecutions, as Count Gallas the Imperial Ambassador made ap- 
pear to her Majesty by a memorial that acknowledged a great number of them to 
be Papists and prevailed for a transportation of them back to Holland, at the 
charge of twenty shillings per head, as may be seen in the Gazette of those times. 
But we resolved to be credulous and went on in our pity and concern for them, 
even while we neglected our own brethren, and were satisfied from a Declaration 
of the Protestant Consistory in the Palatinate, by the Direction of his Highness, 
the Elector Palatine, that they had no other grievance to complain of, but what 
is natural to the meaner sort of people of all countries and nations viz., those of 
poverty. The translation of it from the High Dutch is after this manner. Brief 
History p. 47f. 

How the vast sums of money above mentioned were bestowed is best known to 
those that made the disbursements, what I have to assure you of, that care was 
taken to settle some families in and about London, others were shipped off for 
Carolina and the plantations, where in all probability, if they can bear the fatigue 
of working, they may provide for themselves, but the residue for whose transporta- 
tion payment had been made and who were invited over into Ireland by an ad- 
dress from that Kingdom and for whose maintenance a certain E. of S... t 

of that Kingdom showed himself wonderfully solicitous, even when the barracks 
that were made for them are yet unaccounted for, are returned hither naked and 
in the extremest misery, even when the House of Commons had desired 5000 pounds 
for their subsistance annually for three years. How they came back in this perish- 
ing condition after they had been sent out of the Kingdom so well furnished with 
necessaries, I am not to examine, let those Gentlemen who have taken that en- 
quiry under their cognizance go through with it, and I dare promise myself mate- 
rial to furnish you with an account that somebody has been guilty of more than 
high crimes and misdemeanors — what rests upon me to go through with is, that 
the wretched spectacle these poor people made in crowds daily from the joultry 
to the Royal Exchange put it into our Representatives Intentions to search into 
the occasions of their coming over as soon as a petition was brought into the 
House of Commons from the Minister, Church Wardens and Inhabitants of St Olave 
in Southwark in the County of Surrey together with the principal inhabitants of 
the adjacent parishes. Hereupon they order a Committee to enquire upon what 
invitation or encouragement the Palatines came over, and what moneys were ex- 
pended in bringing them into Great Britain and for maintaining them here, and 
by whom paid, which committee after having sate die in diam for a considerable 
time and searched into papers from the Commissioners of Trade etc., among which 

there is said to be a letter from the E. of S that lets them into the whole 

mystery of the affair, they made their report to the House and their resolutions 
in manner and form following which was agreed to by those noble Patriots (March 
14, 1711) 

Resolved, that the petitioners have fully proved the allegations of this petition 
and had just reason to complain. 

Resolved, that the inviting and bringing over into this Kingdom the poor Pala- 
tines, of all religions, at the public expense, was an extravagant and unreasonable 
charge to the Kingdom and a scandalous misapplication of the publick money 
tending to the increase and oppression of the poor of this Kingdom and of danger- 
ous consequences to the constitution in Church and State. 

Resolved, that whoever advised the bringing over the poor Palatines into the 
Kingdom, was an enemy to the Queen and Kingdom. 

So that if what I have before written to you on this subject is of no weight to 
you, the resolutions of the best House of Commons that ever sate, cannot but 
incline you to change your opinion concerning such Gentlemen in the late adminis- 
tration, that were so very industrious in promoting the Act of Naturalization which 

OF THE State of New Yokk. 1Y55 

of consequence was the greatest encouragement imaginable to come over and pos- 
sess the land. It is not to be doubted but these worthy Gentlemen that have 
made such generous votes in behalf of their native country, will continue to pursue 
such measures as shall prevent the like practices against the Good of its Constitu- 
tion for time to come and we have all the reason imaginable to expect from their 
great zeal and affection for the prosperity of Church and State, that those who are 
voted enemies to both, will be brought to condign punishment; since without such 
example, it may be again in their power to be guilty of the like offence when it 
may not be in these Gentlemen to punish them for them. 

I have nothing more to add but to refer you to the list of the Commissioners 
and Trustees for the charity collected for these poor people and that of those 
members of the last House of Commons, that voted for the General Naturalization 

A List of the Commissioners and Trustees, Brief History p. 35f. 

A list of those members of the Late Parliament that voted for the passing of 
the Act for Naturalizing Foreign Protestants and consequently for the bringing 
over the Palatines, pp. 11-16. 

The list contains 251 names. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Oorrespondence from America. 

The Consistories on Long Island (Kings Co.) to the Rev. Classis 
of Amsterdam, June 21, 1709. 

Portfolio " 'New York ", Vol. i. 

To the Reverend, Pious and Learned Brethren Constituting the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Reverend Sirs: — Both your first letter, which you thought had 
fallen into the hands of the enemy, and the one dated in March 
last, (1709), two letters, in each of which the substance of the 
other was repeated, have finally reached us. Much as we were 
rejoiced to hear of a letter having come from the Rev. Classis, 
and that the very one which we thought had been lost, but which 
the bearer boasted of having in his possession; we were also 
much grieved that said letter had to wander about some days for 
the benefit of others, before we were permitted to enjoy a sight 
of it. First, John de Feyster, as it was learned, had demanded 
it of the bearer, having orders that it should be delivered to 
him, to be handed over by him to the ministers. He received it, 
after it had been opened, and handed it first to the Mayor of 
the City, (Ebenezer Wilson was mayor in 1709,) as a precaution- 



1756 Ecclesiastical Recokds 

arj measure, so that it miglit not be altered or stolen. '^ It was 
publicly read by Captain Provoost, one of her Majesty's Coun- 
cil, before him and in the presence of others. It was subse- 
quently communicated to my lord Combury, who became 
somewhat angry, it was said, about certain expressions in it. 
What mig'ht have resulted from this, if his lordship had remained 
in office, (he was superseded by Lovelace in 1709) and how fairly 
this letter might have been dealt with, we leave to the judgment 
of the Rev. Classis. 

After thus wandering about, it was received from the hands of 
the Mayor by a committee from the Consistory of ISTew York, 
who asked for it. It was then a loose paper, without envelope 
or superscription, and its ownership could only be recognized 
from its contents. The contents of all three of the letters, in- 
deed, refreshed us to a great degree, because we learned there- 
from that you were still thoughtful of us, and were busy with 
efforts for the restoration of our liberty. Therefore also by these 
presents we thank you most heartily, and we also request that 
you will please to persevere in your good and holy zeal. We 
pray the Lord to bless this work of your hands, and give good 
success to your labors for the welfare of Zion. 

The Long Island dissensions, even as they grieve you, so be 
assured, they are still more painful to us, especially as they 
weigh on us more severely. Indeed, we believe that they can 
be nothing else than very injurious, and a great hinderance to the 
good work (maintaining Dutch Church liberty) which is being so 
zealously prosecuted by you. And although every one, among 
well disposed people, heartily wishes that these disputes might 
be gotten out of the way; yet we are greatly puzzled as to the 
manner by which this may be done. 

The advocates of the liberty of the Dutch Church in America, 
hoped that they would receive some enlightenment on this sub- 
ject from the Rev. Classis. They expected that the Rev. Classis, 
understanding the necessity of peace, as well as the importance 

OF THE State of ]S[ew York. 1757 

of unity among the congregations; and having received also a 
clear account of the disputes: for all the actions of Rev. Free- 
man, in their beginning and progress, and out of which all the 
flames of dissension arose, were explained: — it was hoped that 
the Eev. Classis might so far ponder the principal points of dis- 
pute, so as to be able to advise the parties how they should con- 
duct themselves toward each other, that they might come to 
unity and peace. 

But, as an instance, take the case of Rev. Autonides. He is 
admonished by the Classis to be a little accommodating, and to 
yield somewhat of his clear rights. But no one must imagine 
that the Rev. Antonides gave any cause, in any way, to keep the 
disputes alive so long. In all political and personal questions, 
everything was done by him which was possible on every occa- 
sion. He is personally inclined to peace, and ever ready to ac- 
commodate himself to circumstances, and to yield even as much 
of his evidently undisputed rights as the Classis itself could 

But the dispute is not so much between Antonides and Free- 
man, — even as the Rev. Classis itself plainly remarked in their 
last letter to Rev. Antonides, and in which he was completely 
exonerated; as between the two Consistories which, respectively, 
called the Rev. Antonides and the Rev. Freeman. The latter 
individual intruded into those churches, without any proper call 
from the churches, and upon the sole authority of my Lord Corn- 
bury. He then removed them (the members of the Consistory) 
from their offices, by order of the same Governor, and instituted 
also other measures foreign to all ecclesiastical usages, as has 
been made known to the Classis. 

But my lord Lovelace was animated by a different spirit (from 
Combury). He had no sooner arrived than he ordered the dis- 
putes to be examined into by the Consistory of ISTew York, and 
he also added three members from his own Council to help inves- 
tigate affairs, and to report according to the facts found. But 


1758 Ecclesiastical Records 


the Rev. Freeman imagining himself to be the church, (sug- 
gested, and) it was ordered bj the three members of the Council 
who had been designated, that two men should be selected from 
either side, etc. The case had been examined so far that the 
report was about to be made, when my lord Lovelace died to the 
great grief of all the inhabitants of this province. (He arrived, 
Dec. 1708: died May 1709). Since then, the matter has been 
held in abeyance, on account of the present expedition to Canada. 
But a decision is now daily expected from the Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor (Richard Ingoldsby) and the High Council. 

ISTevertheless, in compliance with the desire of Classis that 
Rev. Du Bois and his friends should contribute everything that 
was possible to promote peace, a plan was finally devised, to 
have the Rev. Antonides go before the Council, inasmuch as the 
Classis had admonished him to some accommodation, and to yield 
something of his clear rights; yet it was not exactly clear just 
what the Rev. Classis had in view by this remark. For we could 
not believe, 

(1) That they intended to convey the idea that anyone could 
be recognized as a lawful minister, who had had no regular eccle- 
siastical call, and who had even refused to let himself be regularly 

(2) Or that a lawful Consistory could be deposed by a Magis- 
trate, who did not even belong to our church, and that he should 
be allowed to do this arbitrarily, (lit. at his own pleasure) ; and 
that he might then appoint an unlawful Consistory in place of 
the other, although done by the connivance of a usurping min- 
ister, who was upheld by that same Governor's authority. 

(3) Much less that we must approve such a deposition, and 
such an appointment, and then be obliged to assist in upholding 
such a minister. — iN'evertheless just such things, set forth, in- 
deed, as facts though under a somewhat different color and told 
in a somewhat milder way — are desired, if unity is to become 
possible according to their plans. 

OF THE State of jS^ew York. 1759 

If the Consistories of Rev. Antonides were willing to do this, 
and to say to Rev. Freeman and his adherents: Come on! we 
understand that Rev. Freeman is disposed to submit himself to 
the Rev. Classis. If our proposed terms are not acceptable, to 
show our love of peace, let us nevertheless regard each other 
as two children of a common father, and live together as breth- 
ren; let us do this, without either one proposing or demanding 
any terms from the other; only let us refer our whole case to 
the Rev. Classis, and whatever it says, let us do: only that 
Rev. Antonides' friends shall contribute his salary, and Rev. 
Freeman's friends Rev. Freeman's salary: 

Thereupon Rev. Antonides, at the request of Rev. Du Bois, 
called his Consistory together, and he himself was present at 
the same, and by word of mouth, made that very proposal, etc. 

To this proposition, after much deliberation, the Consistory 
replied as follows: — They thanked Rev. Du Bois for the zeal 
he had shown in this matter; that his proposal was not unfair; 
but that they were now obliged to await the decision of the 
Lieutenant-Governor and the Council, which they hoped would 
be judicious, and be also a means to the further promotion of 
unity: the case would thereby, as we desire, be, for the first, 
placed in the right position. 

Certain friends expressed the opinion that some passionate 
individuals among them might yet hinder this unity on Long- 
Island; but those of loyal intentions in behalf of the freedom and 
welfare of the church, acknowledged, that although their feel- 
ings were not always equally unruffled, when they had to endure, 
to the bitter grief of their souls, the outrageous procedure of 
one, intruding and upsetting everything; yet they declared that 
they had no other aim than to preserve to the church the free 
exercise of rehgion and discipline, which she had hitherto en- 
joyed; that this had been the sole cause of their course of action; 
yet that nothing is more precious to them, always, than peace, 
in God's house, and unity among the members of his household; 



1Y60 Ecclesiastical Records 

and that, therefore, in all sincerity, they profess before God and 
their own conscience, and also as if in the presence of you all, 
(the Classis), that they are willing and determined to contribute 
everything in their power to that end; that they are desirous of 
yielding whatever might properly be included under any exter- 
nal rights, if that would only tend towards peace and unity. 

Inasmuch as the Esopus document covers too much paper to 
be sent to you with the packet-boat, we have made a separate 
cover of the same, and provided that in case it should arrive safely 
in England it should be sent to you with some merchant vessel. 
Herewith concluding, we commend you to God and to the Word 
of His Grace. 

In the name of the oihcers of the Dutch Church here, 

G. Du Bois. 

y. Antonides. 

'New York, 

June 21, 1709. 

The [Civil] Assembly Request Domine Du Bois to Recom- 
mend A Dutch Chaplain, to Go to Canada ; Dutch Min- 
isters Refuse to Ordain Van Vleck for this Purpose. 

Paulus Van Vlecq. 

Die Martis 8 ho. A.M. 21 Junii, 1709. Mr. (Gualterus) Du 
Bois attending the House, being called in, acquainted the House 
(that) Col. Nicholson had directed him to recommend a person 
fit to read prayers in the Dutch language, to those unacquainted 
with the English tongue, to go on the expedition (to Canada.) 

The same to be taken into consideration. 

Journal, 22. 

The House, taking into consideration a person fit to preach, 
and read Prayers in the Dutch tongue, to those not acquainted 
with the English language that will serve in the expedition, was 
informed that one Paulus Van Vleck is willing to serve her 

OF THE State of ITew York. 1761 

Majesty on the expedition to Canada as a minister or reader 
to the Dutch ordered on said expedition. 

Ordered, That Mr, (Gualterus) Du Bois, Mr. (Bernardus) 
Freeman, and Mr. (Vincentius) Antonides, Dutch ministers, do, 
before Tuesday next, examine the said Van Vleck in the pres- 
ence of two of her Majesty's Council, and two of the members of 
this House acquainted with the Dutch language, and if the said 
Yan Vleck be found Orthodox, to ordain and Qualify him for 
the Ministerial Function accordingly. 

Die Jovis 8 ho. A.M. 23 Juny, 1709. Mr. (Paulus) Van 
Vleck attending this House, was called in and prayed the Dutch 
ministers ordered to Examine his Qualifications and Ordain him 
for the Ministerial Function, may report the same to the House. 

Ordered, That the said Ministers do observe the said order, 
and report their opinion thereof to this House. 

Die Veneris 8 ho. A.M. 24 Junii, 1709. Mr. Livingston pre- 
sented to the House the memorial of Mt. (Gualterus) Du Bois 
and Mr. (Vincentius) Antonides, setting forth, 

That they are not Impowered to ordain any Person to the 
Ministerial Function in, the Dutch Churches by the Direction 
of the Classis of Amsterdam: therefore, pray they may not be 
ordered to do anything inconsistent with the Constitution of 
the Church to which they belong: which was read.* 

Journal, 23. 

* Dr. Webster in his History of ttie Presbyterian Church says that Gov. Nichol- 
son ordered the ministers to ordain Van Vlecq; but from the above, it was the 
Assembly which requested the recommendation of a suitable person who spoke 
Dutch. The Minutes of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, from 1710-1715, contain 
Van Vlecq's later history, except the fact that Domine Freeman alone, subse- 
quently ordained him on his own responsibility. See also " One hundred and 
seventy fifth Anniversary of Reformed Dutch Church of Six Mile Run, 1885, by 
Mulford; and Streng's Hist. Sketches, in the Doylestown, (Pa.) Democrat, Feb. 7, 
3888; and the Churchville, (Pa.) Chronicles, Aug. 26, 1885, containing Van Vlecq's 
Journal. — This Journal has been recently published in the Journal of The Pres- 
byterian Historical Society. 



1762 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Bernardus Freeman to the Messrs. Honert, van der Horst, 
and Bomble, members of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, June 
28, 1709. 

(Freeman's o"^vn Account of his Call to Long Island.) 

Portfolio " 'Ne^y York ", Vol. i. 

(Addressed:) To the Rev. and Very Learned Messrs. Van den 
Honert, Van der Horst, and Bomble, — eminent Ministers in 
the Church of Jesus Christ at Amsterdam. 

Flatbush or Midwoud, 

June 28, 1709. 

Messrs. Van den Honert, Van der Horst and Bomble, met in the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: Salutations: 

Rev. and Very Learned Sirs: — Your communication from 
Amsterdam, dated October 24, 1707, reached me March 29, 1709; 
and one from Mr. Bomble (reached me) March 4, 1709. Both 
were written in the name of the Rev. Classis. In each of these, 
you say that you practically believe that the complaint sent to 
you by the Brethren, was to be justified by you: That the elders 
of this place are supposed to have sent a lawful call to you, 
whereby Mr. Antonides was sent to them, and now belongs to 
those churches with legal right and qualification: but that I, 
intruding by a license, am disturbing the church, and have brought 
the (civil) privileges of the churches of JSTew iSTetherland into 
danger: that I have caused Mr. Antonides much anxiety. And, 
Mr. Bomble, you say it was for such reasons that I withdrew 
myself from your Classis: that I had once declined the Church 
of Long Island, and had accepted a new call to Schenectady: 
and you also ask whether I was lawfully settled at ISTew Utrecht; 
and you addressed yourself to my conscience for my conviction. 

OF THE State of New Yoke. 1763 


With all respect, Sirs, this runs pretty one-sided. However 
I am thankful to the Rev. Classis for their Christian admonitions 
for the best interests of myself and of the Church. And I 
declare that I was willing to follow them up, and to heed your 
admonitions, and to live in love with Mr. Antonides; and to do 
this with all respect and reverence, and maintain good corre- 
spondence with you, the Rev. Classis; I was mlling, to do all 
this, in case Mr. Antonides was only willing too, to observe what 
you ordered him to do. I beseech the Rev. Classis, therefore, 
not to think of me as if I did not heed their admonitions. I 
have twice shown them that I do, by writing to Mr. Antonides, 
besides what I have done by word of mouth. But it disturbs 
me constantly lest I be indicted and brought before the Govern- 
ment. Then I would have to defend myself in the best way that 
I could. The Rev. Classis will, therefore, please put the best 
construction on all this, seeing that I have been so severely 
accused before you. Thus also was I accused upon the arrival 
of the new Lord Governor. He appointed three Councilors, and 
each of these chose two more in addition, to investigate our 
differences, and settle them. By that investigation I have come 
to a better knowledge of all that passed; for I lived forty hours 
in the interior of the country, and all the facts did not come to 
my ears. Therefore I now trouble the Rev. Classis with a brief 
sketch of what occurred. 

Shortly after the death of Mr. Lupardus, the whole church 
(on Long Island) was willing to make a call on me; but the let- 
ter, which the delegates wrote me a:fter I left, was filled with 
sickening (flattering?) expressions. Of these the Classis is not 
aware. This letter was shown by Rev. Du Bois to the elders 
and congregation; although the late Lupardus really (wrote) this 
letter after he had heard me preach more than once; but Du Bois 
was angry and held it back. I^I'evertheless, the elders invited 
me, and asked whether I did not wish to come among them as a 


1Y64 Ecclesiastical Records 

preaclier, if thej made me out a call. I said it would be accord- 
ing to the conditions of the call. They then went to the lord 
Governor for a license to call me. He gave them such a license, 
expressly naming me. Thereupon they made out the call May 
4, 1703, after they had quarrelled a long time. This call in- 
volved a less salary, as well as a loss of other things besides. 
On considering it, I wrote to the elders of Long Island that I 
would be willing to serve them, provided certain improvements 
were made in the call; but that I had agreed to serve the church 
of Schenectady until they should answer me. 

Meanwhile, the answer did not come. When therefore I 
heard that a ship was about going to the Fatherland, I wrote 
them that I was going to stay at Schenectady, for the sake of 
helping the savages. I wrote also to Mr, Bankers. I did not 
doubt but that my letter would be read to the congregation, (on 
Long Island.) The congregation told the elders that they were 
willing to give me everything which I had asked, and were will- 
ing to pledge themselves thereto. This was recorded by the 
clerk, together with the names of the persons who had pledged 
themselves. The elders were then asked to write this to me, 
but they did not wish to. The people requested that a change 
should be made in the elders and Consistory, as that Consistory 
had existed for three years already, and had ruled arbitrarily; 
but they did not wish to do this either. It was Rev. Lydius who 
had urged the elders to make out the said call, and who had gone 
with them to the Governor, together with a Councilor, for a 
license; and who also brought me the call with his own hand. 

However, the elders, or those who claimed to be elders, made 
out a new call for your Rev. Classis, (to send them a minister,) 
and drew to their support about half the village of Breukelen; 
scarcely the half of Tlatbush; pretty nearly the half of Xew 
Amersfoort. But none from H^ew Utrecht or Bushwick or 
Gravesend would have anything to do with them. However they 
made out the call. When it was read by the Councilors, who 

OF THE State of iSTew York. 1765 


were making the investigation, they found in it that they, the 
elders, had made it out on the authority of those three villages, 
(Brooklyn, Flatbush and ^ew Amersfoort), together with the 
permission of his Excellency, the (vis)count Combury, our Gov- 
ernor. But the demand was now made that they should show 
the general authorization of the entire congregation (the six 
churches), but this they could not do, although they had gone 
from house to house. The question now arose, whether this 
thing had been done without proper inquiry, for in former times 
all the people had been called together to vote. It had been 
done thus in the case of every call before. IsT either did they have 
any proof that it (this call) had been made with the consent of 
the Governor. Indeed, the Lord Governor declared upon hi3 
written oath, that he did not know of any other call than mine. 
The elders, therefore, deceived the Rev. Classis and the Rev. 
Antonides, as well as the congregation here. Meanwhile the 
Lord Governor ordered me, under threats of punishment, to go 
to Long Island. He did not wish to be insulted by the elders of 
Long Island, who had so often made their requests to him, nor 
by Rev. Lydius, and others besides. 

After I had been thus ordered three times, I went, for I could 
no longer beg off. After I had been on Long Island a little 
while, the Rev. Antonides arrived. It was thought we might 
Kve in peace. But no. He too sought a (civil) license, and 
complained of his misfortune. He said that the elders had 
done wrong, but it ought not to be counted against him. This 
may be seen under his own hand, when praying for a license. It 
may also be seen in the hand writing of the elders themselves, 
-prajing the Lord Governor for a license. They besought par- 
don, that they had made such a mistake as to send off the call to 
your Rev. Classis, (without a civil license.) However, seeing no 
remedy, they made a nice present to Madame, the wife of the 
Lord Governor, that she might persuade him to give them a 
license (for Antonides;) but she, just then, died. Therefore they 


1766 Ecclesiastical Records 

addressed themselves, with a present of two thousand guilders, 
Holland money, to one, Madame Bridges ! This they themselves 
confessed at the investigation. And she procured this much — 
that Rev. Antonides, by a license, was permitted to preach unhin- 
dered, in the two churches of (Brooklyn and Flatbush, according 
to his) call. The Rev. Lydius (of Albany) had obtained also a 
license for the Esopus, because he was afraid, (on account of 
certain difficulties in that) church, which also desired me (that I 
might settle there, in 1Y03?) and sought by such a turn that I 
should be kept at Schenectady alone. Rev. Boys, (G. Du Bois) 
also preached, under a license, on Long Island, after the death 
of Rev. Lupardus, (1702), which he had obtained personally from 
the Governor. But if all this be so detrimental to the Church, 
M'hy go on with such doings? Yet for considerable money, a 
license could be obtained in such a way, in order to get rid of me 

I have told Mr. Antonides that, if he were willing, I wanted 
to agree with him, either not to preach any more; or, to unite 
with him, that the churches might also follow our example; but 
Mr. Antonides was pleased to say, that his church was unwilling 
to such arrangements, which was indeed deplorable. My church 
has always been willing to make peace. But those pretended 
elders, of whom some have already been in office for eight years, 
are so hot-headed, so inclined to retaliation, that it is distressing. 
For there is work enough for each of us, here, and also enough 
salary, without hurt to him or me. As to what the Rev. Bomble 
asks, whether I am lawfully settled at New Utrecht, (I answer:) 
The proclamation (Hcense) was for J^ew Utrecht and the churches 
combined with it. (Mr. Gualterus) Du Bois also personally in- 
stalled me before Rev. Antonides came here. This was declared 
under oath, by several persons, in the presence of the gentlemen 
who made the investigation. If then I am troubled in my rights, 
because Mr. Antonides or his Consistory mil not follow up your 
recommendation to peace, do not blame me if I defend myself 

OF THE State of Xew Yokk. 176Y 

in a proper manner ; for I can present nothing Letter than simple 
equality. For lordship, we have to send to Eome. 

Meantime, let us pray God for peace, and for rest for His 
Church both here and elsewhere; yet not that we may endure no 
worldly inconvenience, or that we may be found unfaithful in 
our offices. ISTevertheless, I will not neglect to follow out your 
just admonitions, and to labor for the best interests of (lod's 
Church, and will maintain good correspondence with your Classis, 
unless this letter be erased from .your Classical Record Book, 
(Copy Book). But I hope that, with greater Classical efforts, 
Peace will be very earnestly urged. 

I call myself. Reverend Sirs, and Very Learned Classis, in all 

Your Reverences servant and brother in Christ, 

' B. Freeman. 

Colonel, ISTicholson and Colonel Vetch to the Lokds of 
Tbade. (Quakers.) 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

My Lords> 

We could not but judge it our duty to acquaint Your Lordships of our safe ar- 
rival here and in short of the success hitherto of our Negotiation, which Your 
Lordship contributed so heartily Your endeavours for advancing; We have met 
with the wished for success in all Governments who are concerned in the same, 
save those of the Jerseys and Pennsylvania the first of which has one half of its 
Assembly Quakers, and the latter the whole number is almost so, whose pretended 
principles being against fighting, they have not as yet raised either men or money 
for the Expedition, and indeed as their principles are inconsistent with Govern- 
ment, so their Practice is to Oppose all good Order, and Especially any Directions 
from the Crown, as we have but too Visibly seen at this time, for which reason 
we have joyned with the gentlemen of the Council and Assembly of the Jerseys, 
who are not Quakers, in Representing to Her Majesty the necessity of giving an 
Instruction to Her Governors not to admit any into the Council or Assemblies but 
such as Qualify themselves as the Act of Parliament directs; This we doubt not 
Your Lordships will think fltt to advise Her Majesty to do, when it comes before 
you, as likewise to advise Her Majesty to proper Methods with relation to Penn- 
sylvania, who have wholly refused Her Majesty's Commands. And though we 
hope they shall not be able to abstract this noble enterprise, the Success of which 
we doubt not will be attended with such consequences as will sufficiently convince 
both Your Lordships and the Ministry, that Nothing could have been enterprized 
which could have contributed so much to the honour and Advantage of the Crown 
and Subjects of Britain, than this present Expedition, which the Quakers have not 
been wanting to their power to obstruct. This we judge it our Duty with all sub- 



1768 Ecclesiastical Eecokds 

mission to Your Lordships consummate wisdom, humbly to advise you of. Who 
are with all possible respect. 
My Lords, Your Lordships most devoted humble Servants, 

Fran. Nicholson, Sam. Vetch. 
New York, — Col. Hist. N. Y. Vol. v. p. 78. 

June 28th, 1709. 

The Vestry^ of Trinity Church to the Archbishop of Can- 
TERBURY, About 1709 'i May'^ 'i 

" It is but of late years (our church) had its being, and is yet but very tender. 
The greatest part of the inhabitants of this Province are of the Dutch and French 
Reformed Religion, or Dissenters and Quakers; and but three counties within this 
Province would receive a Church of England minister, to wit. Queen's County, West- 
chester and Richmond; and of these Counties, but the smallest number goe to wor- 
ship. With much adoe we have overcome the Debt we had contracted by the build- 
ing of our Church and Steeple, which latter is designed for a Ring of Bells; the 
walls are of good thickness, and foundation above thirty food square; it has got so 
high as the ridgepole of the Church, but for want of money we were forced to cover 
it there, and for the present have hung in a Bell* of 6 sd weight, the free gift of his 
Lordship of London. The Bishop of Bristol in the year 1699 sent us over so many 
stones as did pave all the Isles of our Church. 

Col. Fletcher, who was Governor of this Province from 1692-1698, gave the first 
life and being to it, and was a large benefactor out of his own private fortune. His 
successor [Bellomont] in the Government (on the contrary) endeavored to ruin It, 
although he sometimes came hither to receive the holy Sacrament, which we hope 
God has forgiven him; the Viscount Cornbury, next to him, during his Government, 
has endeavored not only to restore, but (to) advance the Churches Interest, and 
made in his grant, which by the account we had, from his successor, the Lord 
Lovelace, [Died, May, 1709] is shaken and rendered disputable, until her most 
Sacred Majesty shall be graciously pleased to re-establish us therein. Col. Nichol- 
son has likewise been a Benefactor to our Church of the first Rank. 

A thousand pounds will be required to finish the Steeple, which we propose for 
our next task, and are about making up that sum. There is much more wanted, 
viz., a Dwelling house for our Minister, and a Vestry-room, with a Ring of Bells 
and a sett of Organs. What we cannot effect ourselves, we shall leave to God 
Almighty's good Providence, and must recommend the work to our Posterity ". 

" The situation of our Church is very pleasant, between two rivers on 

eminent ground. We have a large burying place adjoining round it in good fence 
and adorned with rows of Lime trees, which will make a pleasant shade in a little 

time." "We want also a couple of large Branches of Candlesticks, to 

hang in the body of our Church; Communion Plate; Books and Vestments, which 
these last, we are credibly informed have been designed for us by the late King 
William, and since by her present Majesty, but by what ill fate or accident we 
know not, we are still without them ". — Records, i. 70. Dix, 171-2. 

Lieutenant-Governor Ingoldesby to the Lords of Trade. 
Trinity Church. 

July 5, 1709, 
To the Right Honourable The Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, 
My Lords: • 

The only standing Revenue the Queen has in this Province is Quit Bents, and 
they are so much concealed, that very little comes into the Treasury, nor is it 

* The cost of hanging this bell, was six pounds seventeen shi