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Full text of "Ecclesiastical records, state of New York"









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Ecclesiastical Records 



STATE OF NEW YORK 



Published by the State under the swpervision of 
HUGH HASTINGS, State Historian 



Volume V 



ALBANY 

J. B. LYON COMPANY. PRINTERS 

1905 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



I 



(All documents arranged under the heads of the respective Governors, and in 
strict chronological order.) 

ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR GEORGE CLINTON— CONTINUED. 

September 30, 1743— September 8, 1753. 

1751. PAGE. 

Jan. 3 Rev. Eggo T. Van Hoevenberg to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

A second letter of the same date 3147, 3148 

12 Peter De Wind requests examination for ordination, for 
Bergen and Staten Island — Letters received from Revs. 
Du Bois and Ritzema; from the Coetus; from adherents 
of Arondeus in church of Kings Coimty; from church of 
Queens County; from Arondeus — Answers to said letters, 
approved — Sentence against Arondeus to be recorded — 
Ordination of De Wind — Form of the sentence against 
Arondeus — Classis confirms action of Coetus, declaring 
Rev. Van Sinderen lawful minister in Kings County — 
Conditions imposed on Arondeus — Power given to the 
Coetus •: 3148, 3150 

Feb. 18 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Legal counsel to 

be sought 3151 

March 2 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — De Wind 
ordained for Bergen and Staten Island — The dispute with 
Arondeus — Conditions imposed on him — De Wind's exami- 
nation not satisfactory 3151, 3152 



a 



2 The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Arondeus and his adher- ty/wv- 

ents — Action of Coetus against Arondeus confirmed — ^Van 
Sinderin also admonished — Desire of Classis to save Aron- 
deus — Exhortations to peace 3152-3155 

April 5 Classis receives letters from Surinam, New York and Penn- 
sylvania — Answers to same, approved — Maltreatment of 
Rev. Schlatter — Acts of Coetus of New York received — 
Letter from Kingston to be answered — Letter to be pre- 
pared to Rev. Schlatter 3155, 3156 

May 1 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
His efforts to reconcile the church of Albany to the 
Coetus — Thanks for permitting the ordination of Ver- 
bryck — Wonders why the Classis considered his request 
for said ordination, questionable — Three of his students 
will sail for Holland for ordination 3156, 3157 

3 Rev. N. Hormius (or Wormius) desires to go as minister to 

New Netherland — Letters for New York and Kingston, 
approved — Documents presented by Peter De Wind to 
Coetus thought to be forgeries 3157 



iv Table of Contents. ; ! 

1751. PAGE. 

May 3 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Acts of 
Coetus of 1750, received — Congratulations — Hopes for set- 
■f-^ OUs tlement of the Arondeus case — The validity of the ordina- 

j ^^ tion, by Goetschius, of the Consistory of Oyster Bay — Case 

of Van Hoevenberg — Tappan and Rev. Muzelius — Case of 
John Van Driessen — Rev. Goetschius annuls certain cen- 
sures at New Paltz — Is the eliurch of New Paltz a part 
of the church at Kingston? — Coetus should remove the 
complaint of Kingston — Coetus and Classis both deceived 
by papers of De Windt — Postscript, May 12 — De Windt's 

documents forgeries 3158, 3160 

3 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Kingston — Their 
complaints about New Paltz — Goetschius, Van Driessen 
and the Coetus — Separation of New Paltz desirable; evils 
of opposition to the Coetus — Difficulty of appeals to 

Classis 3160, 3161 

23 Moravians inform the Governor of their intention to build a 

church in New York 3161 

June 4 St. George's Chapel, New York 3162 

July 14 John Aemilius Wernig — Statement of the churches on the 

River (Mohawk) and Stone Arabia, about their pastor. . . 3162 

19 Classis receives letters from Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg — 

Deputati to report on same — Typographical Errors in 
Bibles, Psalm Books and Liturgies — Recognitions of each 
others' licenses by the Coetus of Pennsylvania and New 

York: Marinus and Jonathan Du Bois 3163-3165 

July 27-Aug. 5 Acts of the Synod of North Holland — Mrs. Dorsius — 
Peter De Wind dismissed to New Netherland — Unfavor- 
able reports about him — Church Union in America — Synod 
^ of North Holland now opposed to it — Gualterus Du 

^ Bois 3165,3166 

Aug. 19 Church of New York appoints delegates to the Coetus 3167 

20 Rev. Peter De Windt to Rev. Theodore Van Schelluyne— Had 

studied at Harderwyk — Obtained certain Academic testi- 
monials — Desire for licensure — A certain minister gives 
Mm a certificate of licensure, without examination — Said 
minister took money for same and requested secrecy in Hol- 
land — This certificate presented in New York — Called to 
Bergen and Staten Island — Classis refuses to allow him to 
be examined in America — Goes to Classis of Amsterdam — 
Had been deceived by that minister — Requests Classis not 
to reject him — Reasons why he cannot name said minister 
"who deceived him — Finally gives the name of Peter Wyn- 

stock 3167-3169 

Sept. ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Revs. Du Bois, Ritzema 
and De Ronde of May 10, 1751— Church of New York 
flovirishing — New Paltz, Marbletown and Kinderhook want 
ministers — ^Vrooman and two Frelinghuysens coming to 
Holland for ordination — ^Relations of New Paltz and 
Kingston 3169, 3170 



Table of Contents. v 

1751. PA^tiE. 

Sept. 6 Letter from Wynstock — De Wint written to — Letter to 

Van Hoevenberg approved and sent — ^The letter 3170, 3171 

6, 23 Lutheran Church of Newburgh, N. Y., superseded by the . 
Church of England — Petition of Colden, Albertson and 
others for the Palatine lands at Newburgh, addressed to 
Gov. Clinton — Lands granted by letters patent to Pala- 
tines, for Lutheran services, upon the emigration of said 
Palatines to other parts, granted to other trustees, for 
the benefit of the Church of England— See March 3, 1752. 

3171-3173 
9 The Coetus to Rev. John Arondeus — Request his presence in K3a-v~«*^ 

reference to the proposals of the Classis 3174 

9-17 Acts of the Coetus — Revs. De Ronde and John Frelinghuysen 
join the Coetus — Correspondence with the Classis, read — 
Arondeus refuses to appear — Rev. Peter De Wint received 
as a member — Commissioners from the Raritan churches 
received — Rev. Haaghoort protests against certain features 
of the Coetus — Arondeus again cited — Partial agreement » Oa^o-imKX 
reached of parties at Oyster Bay — Efforts to adjust tl.e (D^-^^iXL^^^ 
division at Millstone, (Harlingen), successful — Rev. J. A. 
Wernich presents requests — The divisions at North Branch 
(Readington) and Raritan, adjusted — Letters received 
from Classis of Amsterdam and Rev. Peter Wynstock — 
Case of John Van Driessen — Further efforts to settle the 
I Arondeus case — Wernich requested to show his testi- 
monials — De Wint cited to appear — Case of New Paltz 
settled — Case of Muzelius — Case of x\rondeus — Protest of 
Haaghoort elucidated — De Wint suspended from adminis- 
tering the sacraments — Committee to report on Haag- 
hoort's protest — No further action on the De Wint case — 
Temporary settlement of the case of Arondeus — Further 
action on the cases of Van Driessen and Haeghoort. . .3174-3179 
Oct. 4 The ministers of New York, Ritzema and De Ronde, to the 
Consistory of Claverack — Van Hoevenberg had no testi- 
monials — The churches cannot legally engage him 3180 

4 Letters from Rev. Wynstock assert that certificates of De 
Wind were forgeries — Classis annuls his examination and 
ordination for Bergen and Staten Island — The Coetus to 
depose him in the name of the Classis — Letters from New 
York and Batavia received, and answers approved. . .3180, 3181 
4 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Congratulations on 
the three young men sent over for examination — Desire of 
Classis for peace between Kingston and New Paltz; and 
that they should join the Coetus — Jacobus Frelinghuysen 
called to Marbletown; Ferdinand Frelinghuysen, to 
Kinderhook; Barent Vrooman to New Paltz — Minutes of 
Synod of North Holland for 1751, sent to New York — 
Apparent irregularity in De Ronde's settlement in New 
York 3181, 3182 



yi Table op Contents. 

1751. PAGE. 

Oct. ? Extracts from Records of Classis of Neder Veluwe concern- 
ing Peter De Windt, made by Rev. Peter Wynstock for 
Rev. John Van der Vorm of Amsterdam — Antecedents of 
De Windt 3182-3184 

11 Church of Kingston to Classis of Amsterdam per Rev. G. W. 

Mancius — Relations of the churches of Kingston and New 
Paltz — Conduct of' Goetschius at New Paltz — New Paltz 
had belonged to I^ngston under former pastorates — Kings- 
ton willing for a separation in a legal way — New Paltz 
expecting Vrooman for pastor — Reasons for keeping aloof 

from the Coetus 3184-3186 

16-23 Acts of the Coetus — De Wind not to be allowed to sit as a 
member — Case of Arondeus continued — Further action on 
the De Wind case — Plan of reconciliation: Arondeus and 
Van Sinderin each to preach a Penitential Sermon, and a 
new Consistory to be appointed — The protest presented to 
preceding Coetus, against calling Arondeus, by Van Sin- 
deren and 158 heads of families — General character of 
Arondeus— The Coetus, ( per Rev. Ritzema ) , to John 
Arondeus — Terms of confession demanded 3186-3195 

18 The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — De Wint's story 

about Wynstock 3195, 3196 

28 Prayer for the Royal Family 3196 

Nov. 9 The Church of Bergen to the Classis of Amsterdam — Their 
grief over the circumstances of De Wind — Partial defence 
of De Wind — Was he deceived? — Exemplary conduct — 
Desire to retain him 3197 

10 Peter De Windt to the Classis of Amsterdam — Still insists 
on Wynstock's examining him — Declares that he had been 
deceived — Had been joyfully received by the churches of 
/ Bergen and Staten Island — Had been installed, before the 
letter of Classis to delay ordination, arrived — Am obeying 
order of Coetus not to administer the sacraments — Be- 
seeches Classis not to cast him off 3198, 3199 

12 Call of the churches of Catskill and Coxsackie on Rev. 

Johannes Schunema — Terms of the call 3199, 3200 

15 Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — De Wind's 
original testimonial sent to Classis — Testimonials of John 
Aemilius Wernig sent over — Settled irregularly at Stone 
Arabia — Wishes to join the Coetus — ^Matter submitted to 
Classis — Coetus willing — Church is German — Death of 
Rev. Gualterus Du Bois — Rev. Ritzema becomes Scribe of 
Coetus — Official letter of Coetus delayed — Difficulties on 
the Raritan, settled — De Wind foi'bidden to administer 
the sacraments — Action of Coetus in reference to Aron- 
deus and Van Sinderen — Note on death of Gualterus 

Du Bois 3201, 3202 

18 Church of New York — Daniel Bratt's free school — Dwelling 

furnished him 3202 



Table of Contents. vii 

1751. ' PAGE. 

Nov. 23 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Their action on 
Peter De Windt — Deposed from the ministry — The Synod 
notified 3202-3205 

23 The Classis of Amsterdam to the churches of Bergen and 
Staten Island — Exhortation to act decidedly against 
De Windt 3205, 3207 

25 First College in New York — Act for vesting funds, raised by 
lottery, for its erection, (£3443. 18s.), in certain Trus- 
tees — Their names — To invest the funds until the College 
is incorporated — Proposals to be received, from cities or 
counties, for its location — See March 5, 1752; March 22, 
March 29; April 5, July 4, Dec. 12, 1753; also Regents' 

Bulletin, 1893, 257 3207, 3208 

Dec. 10 Church of New Paltz to the Classis of Amsterdam — Have 
joined the Coetus — Their origin and relations to Kings- 
ton — French services for fifty years — Dutch services — 
Helped to support Dutch ministers at Kingston — Dutch 
settlers at New Paltz — Efforts to unite %vith churches on 
the west — Opposition of Kingston — Called John Van 
Driessen — Disciplined by Church of Kingston — Kingston 
calls Mancius a German, who had settled at Saugerties — 
Mancius removes to Paramus — New Paltz has joined the 
Coetus, and is under the Classis of Amsterdam — Is the 
discipline of Kingston over New Paltz legal? — Always in- 
dependent of Kingston — Requests Classis to order Coetus 
to summon Mancius before them to give account — Conduct 
of Mancius — Benefits of the Coetus — Requests the ordina- 
tion of Vrooman as their minister — This letter was 
approved by Goetschius before being sent — See July 3, 
1752 3208-3212 

12 Church of New York — Mr. Van der Swan appointed cate- 
chist in Church of New York — P. Bausman organist in 

the Old Church 3212 

1752. 
Jan. 9 Church of New York — Oldest minister to have choice of 

parsonages 3212 

11 Letters of Classis to the Coetus, and to the churches of Ber- 
gen and Staten Island, approved 3212 

30 Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde to Classis of Amsterdam — An- 
ticipate official letter of Coetus — Arondeus and Van Sin- 
deren each to preach a Penitential Sermon, with a 
Peace-Sermon by another minister — A new Consistory to 
be chosen, representing each party — Van Sinderen and his 
party continue to protest against the calling of Arondeus — 
Coetus proceeded, paying no attention to these excep- 
tions — Revs. Ritzema, John Frelinghuysen and De Ronde, 
the Committee of Coetus — Arondeus not sincere in his 
penitential sermon, but made it a defence — Promises to 
preach another sermon — The protest against calling him 



viii Table of Contents. 

1752. PAGE. 

very strong — Irregularity of his call — Majority on side of 
Arondeus, although he is unfit to preach — Request opinion 
of Classis 3213-3215 

Teb. 24 Consistory of Claverack to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
respecting the legality of their call on Rev. Van Hoeven- 

berg — Asks advice of Classis 3215-3217 

26 Church of Rhinebeck-on-the-Plain to the Classis of Amster- 
dam — Requests regular ecclesiastical testimonials for Van 
Hoevenberg 3217 

March 3, 14 Church of Newburgh, N. Y. — Patent to be prepared, con- 
veying the Palatine Glebe at Newburgh to the Church of 
England — Surrender of said glebe lands to the English 
Church — See Sept. 6, 1751 3218-3220 

5 First offer of Trinity Church to give land for a college in 

New York 3220 

6 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 3220 

March ? Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Reasons for the delayed letter of the Coetus — Classis 
should act only on oflBcial letters of Coetus — UnoflScial 
letter sent by the ministers of New York — Did not protest 
lest he should grieve the Classis — Sends copy of Protest 
against calling Arondeus — Action of Coetus against Aron- 
deus somewhat premature — Special confessions demanded, 
humiliating — Sorry to be one of the Committee to pre- 
scribe form of confession for Arondeus — The form pre- 
scribed for Van Sinderen — The legal minister and the 
l^al consistory put on same footing with Arondeus and 
his adherents — The attempt of Coetus to reinstate Aron- 
deus, ridiculous — Coetus now endorses a man whom they 
formerly condemned, and rejected Van Sinderin's com- 
plaint against his accusers — Confession- Sermon of Aron- 
deus far from satisfactory — Threatens to prosecute Rit- 
zema — Van Sinderin confessed more than was required, 
and satisfied even his enemies — Attempt to make Aron- 
deus preach a second Confession-Sermon — Terms proposed 
on which Arondeus should receive a call — Advice of Rev. 
John Leydt on these matters — Sad spiritual condition of 

Arondeus 3221-3225 

30 Church of Claverack to the Classis of Amsterdam — About 

the legality of Van Hoevenberg's call to Claverack . . 3226, 3227 

April 10 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Haeghoort with his Pro- 
test against certain x\cts of the Coetus; another letter 
from Second River, (Belleville) — Protest not very clear — 
Surprised at letter of Classis — The Synod's approval for 
the Coetus should have been also secured — The Coetus 
partizan — His plan, better than that of New York, which 
was adopted — Different opinions — Irregularities of Acts 
of Coetus — Its constitution more favorable to congrega- 

, \ tions than to ministers — Independent actions of churches 



! ' Table of Contents. ix 

1752. PAGE. 

and ministers in reference to Coetus — Irregularity of the 
license of Marimus — Suggestions for improvements in 
Coetus ; also as to " Church Visitation " — Churches should 
be required to be subordinate to Coetus as well as min- 
isters— (See May 1, 1752.) 3227-3232 

April 10 Letters received from Haeghoort, (to which no answer shall 
be given) ; from Ritzema, (informally answered) ; from 
Weiss, (to be answered in general terms) ; from Mancius 
about New Paltz, (no answer until further information) ; 
from the Coetus of New York, per Leydt and Goetschius; 
from De Wind; from Consistory of Bergen and Staten 

Island— De Wind's case 3232, 3233 

10 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Ritzema — Acknowledg- 
ment of Ritzema's imofficial letter — No advice until official 
letter of Coetus is received — Reference to Wernig. . . .3233, 3234 
14-16 Acts of the Coetus; Extra session — Convened at request of 
Van Sinderen and Elder — Committee on the Arondeus 
case reported — Their demand for a second confession from 
Arondeus, approved — Arondeus cited — Acts concerning him 
and correspondence, read — Ministry of Arondeus declared 
unlawful — Advice to Van Sinderin and the lawful Con- 
sistory — Admonition to Rev. Muzelius of Tappan — Case 
of Poughkeepsie and Rev. Meinema 3234-3236 

17 The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — Acts of last three 

sessions sent to Classis — Confessions required from Aron- 
deus and Van Sinderin — Letter had been sent, and so- 
called testimonials, concerning De Wint — Death of Rev. 
G. Du Bois — Protest of Haeghoort — Impossibilif-y of in- 
stalling Arondeus as colleague of Van Sinderin 3236, 3237 

18 Rev. Classis of Amsterdam per Rev. Tyken to Rev. Classis 

of Neder Veluwe — Review of the De Wint case — See May 

12, 1751— Reply, July 13, 1752 3237-3239 

18 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. M. Weiss — Caution against 

unauthorized ministers 3239 

April ? Rev. Peter Wynstock to Rev. Jacob Teyken, President of 
Deputies of Classis of Amsterdam; with extract from 
Acts of Classis of Neder Veluwe; and certificate of 
matriculation of De Wind in Academy of Hardewyek. .3239-3241 

May 1 Classis receives letters from Rev. Haeghoort — (See April 
10, 1752) — No answer to be sent — Matter of Rev. Wernig 
and Stone Arabia, postponed — Rev. Weiss' letter answered 
in a general way — Case of Mancius remains the same — 
Classis has written to Classis of Neder Veluwe about 
De Wind — Letters have been received from New Paltz; 
also from Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde — The letter to 
be answered in a general way, while awaiting letter from 

Coetus 3241, 3242 

1 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde — 

Remarks on the Arondeus case 3242 



X Table of Contents. 

1752. PAGE. 

May 5 Rev. Schlatter, with six preachers, has sailed for Pennsyl- 
vania 3242 

11 Church of New York — Rules about seats 3243 

20 St. George's Chapel, New York 3243 

28 Documents relating to Kings County — Van Sinderen vs. 

Arondeus 3244 

June 5 Classis receives a letter from Rev. John Frelinghuysen — 
Rev. Abram Rosekrans called to Burnetsfield, (Herkimer 
Co.) N. Y. ; did not report to Classis for lack of time; 

will join the Coetus — More letters about De Wind 3245 

13 Peter De Windt to Classis of Amsterdam — Asserts his inno- 
cence; was deceived by Wynstock — Sends letters of Wyn- 
stock to Classis — Asks to be reinstated — Affidavits, June 
11, to prove the genuineness of Wynstock's letters to 

him 3246, 3247 

15 Adherents of Arondeus to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Apology for language of former letter — Conditions imposed 
on Arondeus as to his Confession- Sermon — Departure of 
Arondeus for Raritan — His recall, because of dissatisfac- 
tion with Van Sinderen — Required to confess to " intru- 
sion " — The plan of getting a new Consistory — Their 
appeal to Classis to decide — Acts of Coetus alleged to 
be irregular — Van Sinderin refuses the hand of fellow- 
ship — Coetus treated Arondeus too severely 3247-3250 

25 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Condition of affairs at Claverack — Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg served there about a year — Had no creden- 
tials — Church divided — Letter of Classis refuses to deal 
with Van Hoevenberg — Asks opinion of Classis as to his 

regular standing 3251 

July 3 Acts of the Deputies — Report concerning the harmonizing 
of the members of New Paltz and Kingston — Adopted by 
Classis — (See Dec. 10, 1751) — Report on Wernich's re- 
quest—See April 10, 1752 3251-3255 

3 Requests for examination and ordination by Jacobus Fre- 
linghuysen, called to Marbletown, etc. ; by Ferdinand 
Frelinghuysen, called to Kinderhook; and by Parent Vroo- 
man, called to New Paltz, etc. — Calls approved and 

arrangements made for said examinations 3255, 3256 

3 Letters of pacification approved, for churches of Kingston 
and New Paltz — No word from the Coetus — Letter ap- 
proved, to the Coetus, about Wernich — Letter from John 
Frelinghuysen (of March 1) received, and answer ap- 
proved 3256, 3257 

3 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Frelinghuysen — Thanks 
for his correspondence — Grief at the disputes on Long 
Island — Await official reports of the Coetus — Exhortation 
to prudent zeal 325/ 



Table of Contents. xi 

1752. PAGE. 

July 13 Classis of Neder Veluwe, (per Peter Wynstock) to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Reply to their letter of April 18, 
1752 — Wynstock's defence and proofs of De Windt's false- 
hoods 3258-3261 

13 St. George's Chapel, New York 3262 

17 Letters to tlie Coetus, seeking to pacify the Long Island 
diflBculties ; to Bergen and Staten Island; to Kingston 
and New Paltz, all approved — Peter De Wind deposed — 
Notice given to Coetus and to churches of Bergen and 
Staten Island — Letter to Wynstock — Letters from Haeg- 
hoort, from Ritzema and De Ronde, remain in statu — 
Final examinations and ordinations of Jacob Frelinghuy- 
sen, Ferdinand Frelinghuysen and Barend Vrooman, for 
churches in America — Typographical errors in Bibles, 
Psalm Books and Liturgies — ^Action sent to SjTiod (of 
North Holland) concerning Peter De Wind — Statement 
to be sent to Synod of ordinations of the two Freling- 
huysens and Vrooman 3262-3264 

17 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — 
References to the De Wind case — Remarks on the testi- 
monials of Wernich ; he must be regularly licensed and ' 
ordained by the Classis — Recognition of Rev. Ab. Rose- 
krans ; urged to join the Coetus — Would have been glad 
to have received the Minutes of Coetus earlier, to accel- 
erate decisions on disputes — Ordinations of Jacobus and 
Ferdinand Frelinghuysen and Barend Vrooman — The New 
Paltz case and validity of acts of John Van Driessen — 
All censures to be considered settled — Death of Rev. G. 
Du Bois— The De Wind case 3264-3271 

17 The Clausis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New Paltz — 
May consider itself independent of Kingston — Members 
who adhere to John Van Driessen to be relieved of cen- 
sure — Rev. Barend Vrooman ordained for New Paltz, 
etc 3271-3274 

17 The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. W. Mancius and the 
church of Kingston — Advice to settle all disputes with 
New Paltz— Urged to join the Coetus 3275, 3276 

17 The Classis of Amsterdam to the churches of Bergen and 
Staten Island — Directions as to their dealings with De 

Wind 3276-327S 

July 28-Aug. 3 Acts of Synod of North Holland — Correspondence with 
the German churches of Pennsylvania carried on through 

Rev. Gualterus Du Bois of New York 3278 

Aug. ? Acts of the Deputies — Review of a letter from Klopper, of 
New York, a friend of Arondeus, concerning the De Wint 
case, and the disputes between Van Sinderin and Aron- 
deus 3278-3280 

24 Church of New York — Revision and arrangement of its 

record 3281 



xii Table of Contents, 

1752. PAGE.. 

Sept. 2 Certificate of Mrs. Catherine De Wint concerning her son, 

Peter De Wint 3281 

4 Letter to Rev. Peter Wynstock approved — Letter from Peter 
De Wind — Business of Ritzema and De Ronde in statu — 
Letter to Haeghoort approved — Letter from New York 
Coetus of April 17, 1752; and its Acts of Sept. 1751, 
Oct. 1751, and April 1752, received — Also letters from 
Ritzema and Theodore Frelinghuysen received — Reply to 
the latter, approved 3282 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haeghoort — Reasons 
for not answering his former letters — Exhortation to co- 
operate with the Coetus 3283 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of 
Albany — Exhortation to continue to urge his Consis- 
tory to join the Coetus — Congratulations on the ordina- 
tions of Jacobus and Ferdinand Frelinghuysen and Barent 
Vrooman 3284 

14 Rev. John Aemilius Wernig, of Stone Arabia, to his patron — 
Declined call to Lancaster, Pa., to settle at Canajoharie, 
etc. — Disappointed in his field — Schisms among the Ger- 
mans, who cannot stand prosperity — Taunted with being 
only a student — Visited the Coetus — His papers sent to 
the Classis — Arrival of Rev. Abram Rosenkrantz (about 
Aug. 17, 1752) — Fears to recross the sea for ordination — 
Appeals to his patron to secure permission to be ordained 
by the Coetus 3285-3287" 

19 Acts of the Coetus — Letter from the Pennsylvania Coetus 
respecting the examination of Marinus and Jonathan Du 
Bois — Letters from the Classis, read — Advice requested and 
given, from Oyster Bay and Jamaica — Insubordination of 
Arondeus — Van Sinderen advised not to omit administer- 
ing the Lord's Supper, but to exhort the discontented 
with kindness — The De Wint case — Apparent contradic- 
tions in Wynstock's letters to be reported to Classis — 
The New Paltz matter settled, and Classis to be so in- 
formed — Muzelius to be cited — Marinus to be examined — 
The neighboring ministers to deal with Muzelius — Letter 
to Classis approved — Marinus to be ordained for Acquack- 
ononck, etc 3287-3289' 

19 Peter De Wind, from St. Thomas, West Indies, to Classis 

of Amsterdam— He defends himself 3289, 329a 

21 The Coetus of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Deposition of De Wint — Seeming contradictions in Wyn- 
stock's letters — Arondeus still troublesome — New Paltz at 
peace — New Paltz independent of Kingston 3290-3294 

25 Acts of the Deputies on Frelinghuysen's letter of June 

25 3294, 3295 

29 The Coetus of New York to the Rev. Coetus of Pennsyl- 
vania — Thanks for their letter about Marinus, who lias 
been examined, and will soon be ordained 3295, 329ft 



Table of Contents. xiii 

1752. PAGE. 

Oct. 2 Death of Rev. Kalverslager of St. Johns, W. I., and call 

of Rev. John W. Knevels there — Request for his examina- 
tion and ordination for that field — Letters approved to 
De Wind and to church of Staten Island — Case of Aron- 
deus reviewed — Report on, and letter concerning him to 
New York, approved — Classis receives letter of Theodore 
Frelinghuysen concerning Van Hoevenberg — He is recog- 
nized as a minister in Surinam, but not in New York — 
John W. Knevels finally examined for St. John, and 

ordained 3296-329S 

2 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of Bergen 
and Staten Island — Their final action in reference to De 

Wint 3298, 3299 

2 The Classis of Amsterdam to Peter De Wint — Refusal to 
mitigate his sentence of deposition — Exhortation to 

him 3299, 3300 

5 John Schuneman requests examination and ordination for 

Catskill— Granted 3300 

11 Rev. Gerard Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — Com- 
plains of receiving no answer to letter and protest; and 
that Coetus has ordained Marinus for Aquackanonck, a 
part of his field; also complains of the action of Rev. 
Schlatter, in licensing Marinus — Can the Synods auth- 
orize Schlatter to do things not allowed by the Classis? — 
Conduct of the German churches in Pennsylvania — Efforts 
to unite Dutch, Germans and Presbyterians — The Dutch 
recognized here, because a part of a National Church .... 3301 
Nov. 22 Acts of the Deputies — Letters from Van Hoevenberg and 
the Consistory of Lower Rhinebeck, concerning disputes 

as to the regularity of Van Hoevenberg's papers 3302-3304 

27 Call of Thomas Romeyn to Oyster Bay and Jamaica. .3304-3306 

Dec. 5 Classis receives letter from De Wint 3306 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Letters 
received — The De Wind case further reviewed — Haeghoort's 
protest — Exhortation to unity — Action of Coetus on Aron- 
deus, confirmed — Fears concerning the churches on Long 
Island — Final attempt should be made to harmonize mat- 
ters — Plan proposed — Position of Classis concerning Van 

Hoevenberg 330&-3314 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Arondeus — Last pro- 
posals — Exhortation to confession and peace 3314-3316 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Ulpianus Van Sinderin — 
Anxiety of the Classis for the Long Island churches — Ex- 
hortation to agree to plans of Classis now proposed. .3316-3318 
5 Classis of Amsterdam to the Friends of Arondeus in the 
Five associated churches of Long Island — Sentence on 
Arondeus, by Coetus, approved; yet proposals for peace, 
submitted — Exhortation to accept the plan 3319-3322 



xiv Table of Contents, 

1752. PAGE. 

Dec. 5 Classis of Amsterdam to the Friends of Van Sinderin — 

Grief of Classis — Plan for reconciliation — Exhortation to 

reconciliation 3322-3325 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. Frelinghuysen — Claverack 

and Van Hoevenberg 3326 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Rhinebeck — 
Their call of Van Hoevenberg — Their proper mode of pro- 
ceeding in his case 3327 

5 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Claverack — 

Advice concerning Van Hoevenberg 3328, 3329 

6 The Committee on the Muzelius case to the Classis of 

Amsterdam — Misconduct of Muzelius — Findings of the 

Committee 3329-3331 

? Churches of Kings County — Claims of certain parties to be 

the legal Consistory 3331 

1753. 

Jan. 4 A vindication of the excellent character of the Moravians 

in New York, by Hon. Wm. Livingston — Note on Wm. 

Livingston 3332, 3333 

9 Final examination and ordination of John Schuneman for 

Catskill — A letter to Rev. Knevels of St. Johns, approved. 3333 
12 Letters from Van Hoevenberg, from the Consistory of Clav- 
erack, and T. Frelinghuysen were read, and answers ap- 
proved 3333, 3334 

25 Church of New York — Request of domine De Ronde for 
expenses in coming to New York — Wants more house-rent ; 
or a better house — Also an increase in salary — Answer: 
Will allow more house-rent, but will not increase the 
salary at present — Reply of De Ronde to Consistory's 
answer, Feb. 1 • • .3334-3336 

Feb. 3 Jan Hegeman and Minnie Schenck to Thos. Romeyn — Urge 
him not to persevere in seeking to settle at Success ( North 
Hempstead) , L. 1 3336 

March 8 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Haaghoort concerning 
the ordination of Marinus, at the suggestion of Schlatter — 
The Synods do not understand American geography — The 
Germans may unite with the Presbyterians, although the 
Dutch and Presbyterians are more alike — Report on the 

Muzelius case considered : 3336-3338 

22 Remarks on our intended College in New York — Shall it 
be sectarian or unsectarian? By Wm. Livingston — Im- 
portance of a College in or near the city — Greater import- 
ance of its constitution and government — Benefits will 
soon be seen on the Bench, at the Bar, in the Pulpit, 
in the Senate — Harvard and Yale partly under Presby- 
terian control — The youth imbibe the principles of the 
religious system of the College, and these affect the pub- 
lic administration — Episcopalians have no influence over 
those Colleges — The influence of institutions, respectively, 



Table of Contents. xv 

1753. I'AGE. 

in North and South Britain — Efforts of James II to intro- 
duce Jesuits in the Universities — See Nov. 25, 1751., 3338, 3339 
March 29 Evils of a Sectarian College supported by public funds — 
All Protestant denominations should be on a parity — If 
the New York College becomes sectarian, other denomi- 
nations will oppose it — English and Dutch Presbyterians 
exceed all other denominations put together, but their 
children will not patronize a State-Church College — Bad 
effects of the principles of only one persuasion — Religious 
worship should be maintained, but not of one sect — A 
party College would make partizans and finally fill all 
offices of government — Other Christians could not peace- 
ably submit; for it would lead to an ecclesiastical estab- 
lishment, and prove destructive to the civil and religious 
rights of the people. 

If supported by the public, it must not be sectarian — 
The Legislature had no such design — Tlie money raised for 
it is public money — If sectarian, feuds would be raised — 
To ask for a partizan College is unpatriotic and arro- 
gant — The College must remain under the Legislature, 
so that the people may control it — A Public Academy is 
for the benefit of all — If founded on the plan of General 
Toleration, students from other provinces would seek its 
benefits — Inconsistent with good policy to give any one 

denomination ascendency 3339-3341 

April 2 Approval of book of Christopher Bussing — Classis receives 
letter from Committee of Coetus, on Rev. Muzelius and 
church of Tappan — Answer approved — Letter received 
from Rev. Haeghoort 3341, 3342 

2 Address of the Classis of Amsterdam to the German 
Churches — Labors of Classis in their behalf — Grief over 
their schisms — Lack of letters from Coetus may prevent 
donations — Importance of unity in the Coetus, and sub- 
mission to decisions, with right to appeal — Separatists 
will not receive donations — Donations are for deficiencies 
of salaries of ministers and schoolmasters and for pur- 
chase of books 3342-3344 

2 Classes of Amsterdam to Rev. Michael Schlatter — Complain 
of lack of correspondence — Separations among the Ger- 
mans — Coetus should have delegates from the elders — 
Schlatter should have a permanent charge — Necessity of 
pastors in Virginia — Reports of moneys and books from 
Holland, requested 3344-3347 

2 Classes of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haeghoort — Case of 

Muzelius 3348, 3349 

2 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. George M. Weiss — Importance 

of peace and unity 3350 

4 Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Troubles on Ix)ng Island — Queens County calls Thos. 
Rome^Ti— Proofs of the legality of this call 3351-3354 



xvi Table of Contents. 

1753. PAGE. 

April 5 Proper method of establishing a College to prevent it from 
being sectarian — Should not be by Royal Charter — Should 
be secure from abuses and perversions — A charter might 
be annulled in several ways and for divers reasons; or 
the Trustees might exceed their powers; or by choice 
of Teachers, undermine our liberties; or make the insti- 
tution the spoil of tyranny or bigotry; or the charter 
might be modified and perverted — But it must be endowed 
by the people — Their interests, civil and religious, must 
be protected — But if by charter, the civil and religious 
principles of the managers will be disseminated — Blind 
obedience, in Church and State might be the result — The 
Civil Government would have too great control — A char- 
ter cannot fully or wisely anticipate all the desirable 

changes of the future 3354-3357 

10 Daniel Bratt, parochial schoolmaster in New York 3357 

12 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from the anti-Goetschius party, 
of Feb. 3, 1753, concerning the election of two rival Con- 
sistories — The judgment of the Classis desired 3357-3359 

12 The proper method of establishing a College, supported by 
the public funds, to prevent its becoming sectarian- 
Should be by Act of Legislature — Society's right to direct 
the education of its own youth — The Spartan system: 
education by the Coramonwealth — Our Legislature should 
secure us against the designs of any one single Sect, 
with its contracted opinions — Our future officials should 
be men of broad principles. 

The College should be founded and incorporated by Act 
of Assembly for the following reasons: 

1. To be subject to inspection of the Civil Authority, 
and thus less liable to abuse — The outlay involved will 
require the united aid of the Public — If made of general 
interest to all it will be well supported — The funds already 
raised will not be allowed to go to sectarian ends — 
The Legislature will control its funds, and that body will 
be responsible to the people— But if a Poyal Charter pre- 
vails, the funds raised might be used for other ends. 

2. The objects to be attained by a College also show 
that it should be founded by Act of Assembly — It is 
to promote the general welfare of the commtmity; to be 
a barrier against tyranny — Literary advantages are not 
for one set of men, but for society — A few private per- 
sons must not rule the whole community — Duty of the 
Legislature to guard all interests in every department 
of life — The College is designed to advance all these 
interests. 

3. Another reason for founding the College by Act of 
Assembly rather than by Royal Charter, is to make im- 
pregnable the Spirit of Freedom — Its object cannot then 



Table of Contents. xvii 

1753. P^GE. 

be perverted by bigotry or tyranny — All parties need to 
be represented in its control. 

The Governors of the College should be subject to the 
control of the Legislature — Improper ones could be 
removed, and true friends of learning could be appointed 
in their place — No one sect should control. 

4. If established by J^ct of Assembly larger donations 
might be expected; but if by Charter, one sect will pre- 
vail, and all others would hold aloof — As to the legality 
of such an Act 3359-3362 

April 19 The points desirable in a Legislative Act establishing a 
College to prevent sectarianism — The trustees should be 
appointed by the Legislature without regard to religious 
denomination — 2. The President and Instructors should 
be chosen by the Trustees, subject to confirmation by 
the Legislature — 3. The Trustees should make by-laws, 
subject to confirmation by the Legislature — 4. Act of 
Incorporation should contain as many Rules, etc., as 
can be anticipated as necessary — 5. No particular form 
of religion should be established in the College — 6. Morn- 
ing and evening worship should be observed, under special 
scriptural Forms — 7. There should be no Professor of 
Divinity in the College — 8. The Library should be free 
to all, but no public theological debates be allowed — 
9. All officers should be xmder oath to obey the Act, 
etc. — 10. No Legislative Acts should be passed contrary 
to this Act — 11. Concerning the settlement of dis- 
putes 3362-3365 

26 An appeal to the inhabitants of New York against a Sec- 
tarian College — Previous papers on the best methods of 
establishing a College; and the desirable points in a 
Legislative Act — The dangers looming up — Power of Pub- 
lic Opinion against wrongs. Importance of boldly resist- 
ing oppression. 

Appeal to members of the Church of England, as to 
their feelings, if excluded — Appeal to the members of the 
Dutch Church, with their glorious history of struggles 
against oppression — Appeal to the members of the Presby- 
terian Church, with the remembrance of their STifferings — 
Appeal to the Quakers, and their struggles for liberty 
of conscience. Appeal to the members of the French 
Church, to Moravians, Lutherans, Baptists — General ap- 
peal to the citizens, not to allow one sect to dominate — 
Equal toleration, the basis of Liberty — Parity of all 
denominations demanded — The Legislature must control 
the College 3366-3369 

;May 7 Classis of Amsterdam — Address to Consistory of German- 
town and Philadelphia 3370 



xviii Table of Contents. 

1753. PAGE. 
May 7 Classis approves a letter to Rev. Haeglioort; receives a letter 
• from Wernich of Stone Arabia; letter read from Jamaica; 
answer approved; letter received from New York, with 
the Acts of Coetus of Sept. 1752 — Answer approved. .3370, 3371 
7 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Haeglioort of Second River — 
Reference to examination of Marians, and union of Ger- 
mans and Presbyterians 3371, 3372 

7 Classis of Amsterdam to Coetus of New York — Rejoices in 
their harmony — Endorses their examination and ordina- 
tion of Marinus — Affairs at Jamaica — Admonitions to love 
and peace — Approves advice of Coetus to Van Sinderin to 
visit all the families — Grief over Arondeus — De Wind case 
ended — Classis permits separation of New Paltz from 
Kingston, and have ordained Vrooman to New Paltz, and 
the two Frelinghuysens to their fields ; also Schuneman for 

Catskill — Grief over Muzelius 3372-3375 

7 Classis of Amsterdam to the Brethren in Queens Coimty — 
Grief over trouble at Jamaica — No appeal has reached 

Classis — Exhortation to peace 3375-3377 

7 Classis of Amsterdam to the Deputies of the SjTiods of North 
and South Holland (as to the right of licensing and 
ordaining in the East Indies; same principle applicable to 

America) 3377-3381 

30 Gov. Clinton praises the Legislative Assembly for their 

efforts to establish a Seminary, (College) 3382 

June 7 Charter of the Five Churches on the Raritan, viz.. New 
Brunswick, Raritan, Six Mile Run, Millstone, (Harlingen) 

and North Branch, (Readington) 3382-3384 

15 Lottery Bill for raising £1125 for a College in New York — 

Enacted by House— See Nov. 15, 25, 1751; July 4, 1753. . . 3384 
25 Rev. John Frelinghuysen to Classis of Amsterdam — Call of 
Thos. Romeyn — Call of William Jackson to Bergen, etc. — 
Suggestion that Calls should be first presented to Coetus — 

Would tend to peace 3385 

June ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Jamaica in opposition to 

the call of Thos. Romeyn 3386-3388 

29 Rev. Samuel Johnson to the Archbishop of Canterbury — The 

Church and the College 3388, 3389 

July 3 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Oyster Bay and Jamaica, 
received — Arondeus had created troubles by constituting a 
rival Consistory — The Old Consistory had called the 

student, Thos. Romeyn 3389 

4 Act for raising £1125 for founding a College for advance- 
ment of learning in this colony — See Nov. 25, 1751; Dec. 

12, 1753 3389-3394 

4 An Act to continue the Duty on Excise, etc., until 1767, in 
order to pay £500 yearly for the support of the New York 
College . 3394, 3395 



Table op Contents. xix 

1753. PAGE. 

July 16-17 Church of New York — Organists and Choristers — Manor of 

Fordham 3395-3397 

23 About call of Thos. Romeyn to Jamaica and Oyster Bay — To 
be ordained only for Oyster Bay; not to become minister 
at Jamaica until the legality of call to that place be set- 
tled by Coetus or Classis; that Frelinghuysen had no right 
to moderate this call; that all calls should be first sub- 
mitted to Coetus ; that Coetus put forth efforts to reunite 
the four churches of Oyster Bay, Jamaica, Newtown and 

Hempstead 3397-3399 

July ? Rev. Gideon Hawley's account of his journey to Onohoghg- 

wage — Indian school at Stockbridge patronized by the 
Mohawks — Hawley's visit to the Mohawks — Albany and 
Schenectady — Dutch churches in Schoharie — English mis- 
sionaries to the Mohawks — Indian interpreters — Col. John- 
son — Mohawk Chapel — Indian superstition — Fort Hunter 
and Schoharie — Services in Mohawk — The Susquehannah — 
Rest and Worship in the wilderness — Drunken Indians — 

Great Bend 3399-3405 

Ju]y31-Aug. 9 Synod of North Holland — Ordination of Schuneman for 
Catskill referred to — Pennsylvania affairs — Correspondence 
between the Pennsylvania Coetus and the Coetus of New 

York 3405, 3406 

Aug. ? Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam- 
Deaths at sea by smallpox, of Revs. Jacobus and Ferdinand 
Frelinghuysen — Arrival of Vrooman and Schuneman — 
Henricas Frelinghuysen about to sail to Holland for ordi- 
nation, but requests that Coetus may ordain him — Argu- 
ments: Four of the Frelinghuysens have risked their lives 
to obtain ordinations in Holland; one left; he is well 
educated; chiirches are waiting for him; Coetus cannot 

ask, as not now in session 3406, 3407 

7, 9 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Desire to make it 
free — Terms of bequest — Importance of selling it — Legisla- 
tive consent needed 3407-3409 

Sept. 2 Agreement signed by Thos. Romeyn — Letters approved, to 
Frelinghuysen, the Coetus, and protesting members at 
Jamaica — Letters received, per South Holland Synod, from i 

Revs. Lischy, Weiss, Leydich, and Mr. Chandler of Eng- 
land — Final examination and ordination of Thos. Romeyn. 

3409, 3410 
3 Special stipulations required of Thos. Romeyn, when called 

to Oyster Bay and Jamaica 3410, 341 1 

3 The Classis of Amsterdam to tlie Coetus — Jamaica and Thos. 
Romeyn — Calls should be first approved by the Coetus, or 

by neighboring ministers 3411, 3412 

11-20 Acts of the Coetus — New subscriptions to Rules of Coetus — 
Letters read — ^Van Sinderen reported prospects of peace — 
Plan of Peace for Kings County— Letter of Coetus to the 



XX Table of Contents. 

1753. PAGE, 

churches — Arondeus deposed — The Plan given to the 
parties — The Jamaica case — The case of Hackensack and 
Goetschius — Rev. Muzelius and Tappan — Application of 
Wernich of Stone Arabia — Protest from adherents of 
Arondeus — Call from Bergen on Rev. Wm. Jackson — 

Appeal of Arondeus 3413-3417 

Sept. 1 1 One of the Consistories at Jamaica, to the Coetus, about the 

legality of their election 3418 

11 Protest against the call of Thos. Romeyn 3419 

12 Confirmation by Coetus of the sentence against Arondeus. 

3419, 3420 

18 Protest by friends of Arondeus against the confirmation of 

the sentence 3420 

19 Answer of the Coetus to the protest of Jamaica 3421 

19 The Coetus of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Death of the brothers, Frelinghuysen, at sea — Vrooman 
and Schuneman have been installed 3421, 3422 

20 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany to Classis of Amster- 

dam — Death of his two brothers — Consistory of Albany 
still refuse to join the Coetus — Consistory refuse to allow 
him to leave the place — Allusion to Claverack and Van 
Hoevenberg — This letter sent by hand of Wm. Jackson, 
"who goes to study; has been called to Staten Island and 

Bergen 3422, 3423 

20 Answer of Coetus to the Protest of Arondeus 3423-3427 

27 Was the Church of England ever established in New York? — 
This point often argued — Episcopalians take it for 
granted — All others (the great majority) deny it — Burden 
of proof belongs on the other side — This point waived: 

I. Laws of the Mother Country apply to Colonies so 
far as they are necessary or applicable, for the protection 
of Society. 

1. But laws relating to a Religious Establishment not 
necessary nor applicable. 

2. Many laws inconsistent with the circmnstances of a 
, • colony, as the tithes and the land tax — The colonists emi- 
grated to secure exemption from these very laws. 

3. If the colonists must carry the established religion 
with them, it might still have been paganism, or popery — 
Protestants could not urge such arguments. 

4. Was the Church of England established by specific 
Act or by Common Law — Not by the latter, for the Com- 
mon Law is simply " Immemorial Custom " — Extends back 
to Richard I, 1199 — But the present "English Establish- 
ment " goes back only to Queen Anne, 1706. 

II. Does the Act of 1706 extend to the Colonies? — This 
was an Act for the Union of England and Scotland — Scot- 
land, before the Union, passed an Act establishing the 
Presbyterian Church in Scotland, and made this an es- 



Table of Contents. xxi 

1753. PAGE. 

sential part of the Act of Union — England passed a similar 
Act to secure the Church of England — Each acknowledged 
the other — Act of England was not to enlarge, but to 
secure the Church of England — It was the Settlement of 
the Church of England as by Law established, in Eng- 
land, Ireland, Wales, etc., and the Territories — But the 
Territories are not the Plantations or Colonies — This dis- 
tinction always recognized — Religion, in the Colonies, was 
left to the wisdom of the Proprietors or to individuals — 
The different Colonies established differing Forms of relig- 
ion — Freedom in religion the basis of the Plantations — 
This acknowledged in the Charters to the Colonies — The 
Contests of the times — Kings College, N. Y., in History of 

Trinity Church 3427-3132 

Oct. 1 Classis approves a letter to Peter De Wind 3433 

1 Classis of Amsterdam to Peter De Wind 3433, 3434 

4 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Consistory re- 

quests the ministers to stay away from Coetus 3435 

5 Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island to the Classis of 

Amsterdam — Had carried out Classical order in reference 
to De Wind — Wm. Jackson has been called — Dreaded the 
long voyage for his ordination 3435 

ADMINISTRATION OF SIR DANVERS OSBORNE, BARONET. 
October 10, 1753— October 12, 1753. 

ADMINISTRATION OF LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR JAMES DE LANCEY. 
October 12, 1753— September, 1755, 

Oct. 15 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany to Classis of Amster- 
dam — Affairs at Jamaica and Oyster Bay in reference to 
Thomas Romeyn's call — Small part that Rev. John Fre- 
linghuysen took in tlie matter — Arondeus the cause of the 
trouble — Hopes the Classis will examine and ordain 
Romeyn 3436 

25 His Opponents to Rev. Van Sinderen — Attempt to depose 

him 3437 

Nov. 3 Request of the Church of Marbletown, etc., that Coetus 

would examine and ordain Henricus Frelinghuysen 3437 

3 Pledge of Rev. Tlios. Romeyn to take the pastorate only of 
Oyster Bay, and not also of Jamaica, until the legality 

of his call there is settled 3438, 3439 

21 Petition of the Dutch Church of New York to the Governor, 
to be permitted to sell their land at Fordham, by bringing 
a Bill into the House for that purpose — Read in Council 
and granted — Advertisement — See Nov. 30, Dec. 12, 1753. 

3439, 3440 

26 The Coetus, (per Revs. Leydt, John Frelinghuysen and elder 

Henry Fisher), to the Classis of Amsterdam — Answer to 

the Protest of Arondeus 3440-3443 



xxii Table op Contents, 

1753. PAGE. 

Nov. 28 Adherents of Arondeus to tlie Classis of Amsterdam . . . 3443, 3444 
30 Proposed Bill to allow the Dutch Church of New York to 
sell their Manor of Fordham ; proposed amendment to their 

Charter— See Nov. 21 and Dec. 12, 1753 3445 

Dec. 3 Call of Rev. Henricus Frelinghuysen by the churches of 

Marbletown, Rochester and Wawarsing 3445, 3446 

12 An Act to raise £1125 by lottery for a College 3446 

12 An Act to enable the Dutch Church of New York to dispose 
of their Manor of Fordham ; and also certain amendments 
to their Charter — Conditions at the surrender, 1664 — 
Legacy of Cornelius Steenwyck and wife of the Manor of 
Fordham to the Dutch Church of New York, for the benefit 
of the ministers, etc. — Amendment to Charter: May en- 
large Consistoiy; income of £200 may be increased to 

£1000; and general liberty given 3447-3451 

Dec. ? Thanks of Consistory to Gov. De Lancey for signing Bill of 

Dec. 12. 

Note on the Manor of Fordham. 

Note on the early churches of Westchester County, N. Y. 

3451, 3454 
Dec. ? Church of Jamaica to the Classis of Amsterdam 3454-3456 

1754. 

Note on " The Independent Reflector " by Hon. Wm. 
Livingston — Extract from Preface, relating to the estab- 
lishment of a College in New York — Extract from Preface 
relating to the Decline of the Dutch Church — Progress of 
the English language — Continued iise of the Dutch in public 
worship — Duty of the Dutch to themselves — Opposition of 
Episcopalians to the use of English in Dutch church serv- 
ices — Slander of the Presbyterians — Exposure of these mis- 
representations — Efforts to prevent the union of Dutch and 
Presbyterians — Designs of the Church of England — De- 
sirability of several denominations to maintain religious 
freedom 3356-3460 

Jan. 8 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus — Rev. Thos. Romeyn — 

Acts of Synod of North Holland sent 3461 

10 Acts of Deputies — Letter from the Arondeus Consistory of 
Queens County, protesting against the legalizing of the 
other Consistory by the Coetus 3461-3465 

Jan. ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Van Hoevenberg and Con- 

sistory of Lower Rhinebeck, in reference to securing his 

legal certificates of dismission, etc 3465, 3466 

15 Rev. Gerard Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — Rev. 
Mu2;elius — Haeghoort's protest — Arondeus and Van Sin- 
deren — Jealousy of Classical correspondence with others 
and not with him — No desire for a Classis in America — 
Troubles experienced — Is a church bound to fulfill con- 
ditions of its call as to paying minister's salary? — Coetus 



Table op Contents. xxiii 



1754. 



PAGE. 

decides everything according to English law — May prose- 
cute his Consistory 3466, 3467 

April 1 Wm. Jackson called to Bergen and Staten Island — Delayed 

by illness 3467 

2 Classis receives letters from New York — The Deputies to 
prepare answers — The Frelinghuysens to be notified to 

correspond through the Coetus 3467, 3468 

25 Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Reference to Thomas Romeyn — Thanks Classis for its ad- 
monitions; but Classis did not understand the case — 
Defends his conduct in moderating Romeyn's call to Oyster 
Bay and Jamaica — Conduct of Rev. De Ronde, and Fre- 
linghuysen's defence of his position — Hopes the Classis will 
trust the Coetus to settle matters at Jamaica and Oyster 
Bay — His request for the ordination of his remaining 

brother in America — Arrival of Rev. Jackson 3468-3470 

May 1 Founding a College in New York — Extension of time for 

lottery 3470 

6 Classis receives letters from New York — Letters approved 

for New York 3471 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Case of 
Arondeus — Classis recognizees both Consistories on Long 
Island — Suggests a new Consistory from the two — Hopes 
that Thos. Romeyn may be received in love — The case of 
Muzelius — Coetus should improve its methods of business — 
Rev. Jackson delayed by sickness — Request of Wernich to 
be ordained in America, denied — Baptism of illegitimate 
children — Grief over deaths of the two Frelinghuysens. 

3471-3473 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to certain Brethren in Kings Coimty — 
Protests in the Arondeus case — Action of Coetus upheld. 

3473, 3474 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to certain Brethren in Queens County — 
Both consistories upheld — New consistory should be ap- 
pointed — Exhortation to peace 3474, 3475 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to certain other Brethren in 
Queens County, L. I. — Both consistories recognized — Ex- 
hortation to peace 3475, 3476 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Frelinghuysen — 
Sympathy with him at death of his brothers — Hopes Henry 
Frelinghuysen will come to Holland for ordination — Can- 
not allow his ordination in America 3476, 3477 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haeghoort — Rebukes 
him for criticizing the correspondence of Classis with in- 
dividuals — Exhortation 3477, 3478 

14 Second Offer of Trinity Church to give land for a College in 

New York 3478 

16 Livingston's Twenty Unanswerable Reasons against a Sec- 
tarian College read to the Trustees holding the Funds — 
See Nov. 1, 1754 3478 



xxiv Table of Contents. 

1754. PAGE. 

May 20 Petition for a Chai'ter for a College in New York, by the 
Trustees holding certain Funds — Efforts to secure In- 
structors — Trinity Church will give land if the President 
shall be a member of the Church of England — Petition 
referred to a Committee of the Council — See May, 30. 

3478, 3479 

21 Elder Daniel Durye and others to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Testifies that Arondeus was forbidden by the commissioners 
from preaching a second Confession- Sermon — Defends 

Arondeus 3479, 3480 

30 Report of Committee on Petition for Charter for a College 
in New York — The Governor requested to direct the 
Attorney-General to prepare such Charter to be laid be- 
fore the Council for their approbation 3480 

30 Protest of the Minority of Committee against a Charter 
giving any one denomination a predominance in said Col- 
lege — Two against three — Injviries to the common rights; 
tends to jealousies and animosities ; seven-eighths of the 
population, non-Episcopalians — Importance of Liberty of 
Conscience and equal civil rights— College to be supported 
by public funds — If sectarian, its influence will diminish. 

3480-3482 
June 4 Order of the Governor to the Attorney-General to prepare a 

College Charter according to the Report (of the majority) . 

3482, 3483 
13 Partial answer of Dr. Johnson's son to Wm. Livingston's 

Twenty Unanswerable Rea^ions ; or to the Protest 3483 

19 Religion among the Mohawks 3483, 3484 

July 10 The Church and the College — Rev. Samuel Johnson to the 

Archbishop of Canterbury 3484, 348.5 

22 Religion among the Mohawks 3485 

22 Acts of the Deputies — Testimonies in favor of Arondeus. 

3485, 3486 

23 Certificate of study, for Johannes Aemilius Wernig 3486 

July 30-Aug. 8 Synod of North Holland — Receive a German letter from 

New York, dated April 25, 1754, on Pennsylvania affairs — 
Deem it unwise for the German churches to organize a Con- 
ference with the Presbyterians 3486 

Aug. 15 Rev. U. Van Sinderen to his opponents — Invitation to a Con- 
ference for peace 3486, 3487 

22 The College and the Church — Wm. Livingston to Chauncey 
Whittlesey of New Haven — College exercises begun before 
the Charter is obtained — Charter delayed on account of 
the Protest — Opposition to a Sectarian College 3487, 3488 

Sept. 2 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of Lower Rhine- 
beck — Their contemptuous former letter — Referred to 

answer of Classis to that 3488 

15 Church of New York — Domine Boel's widow — Salaries 3489 



Table of Contents. xxv 

1754. PAGE. 

Sept. ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from the Old Consistory of 
Kings County, dated March 29, 1754 — Troubles caused by 

Arondeus — Call of Curtenius — Efforts for peace 3489, 3490 

17-19 Acts of Coetus of New York — Death of Rev. John Freling- 
huysen — Reports on the transforming of the Coetus into 
a Classis — Committee appointed to prepare Plan for a 
Classis — Church of Fishkill complain of Rev. Meinema — 
Committee sent to Fishkill — Plan of Classis reported — Case 
of Jamaica and Rev. Romeyn — Rev. Mancius preaches to 
the adherents of Arondeus — Matter referred to Classis — 
Case of Jamaica and Rev. Romeyn — His installation ar- 
ranged for — Plan of a Classis adopted — Committee ap- 
pointed to receive reports of the churches on a Classis — 
Sessions of the Assembly hereafter to be in October . . . 3490-3492 
19 Circular Letter of the Coetus to the churches, proposing a 
Classis — Reasons for changing the Coetus into a Classis : 
Coetus is not a body recognized in the Constitution ; can- 
not give any final decisions ; delays in sending to the 
Classis of Amsterdam; a Classis necessary, to save time 
and expense, and danger, and to promote regularity in 
ordinations ; also to dispatch business, to supply candidates 
and ministers — Classis of Amsterdam requested to advo- 
cate an American Classis before the Synod of North 
Holland — Churches requested to approve Plan for a 

Classis 3493 

19 The Coetus (per Ritzema, etc.) to Classis of Amsterdam — 
Acknowledgments of letters received — Romeyn's call to 
Oyster Bay and Jamaica — Installation — Deaths of 
Domine Boel and John Frelinghuysen — Prospect of peace 
in Kings Coimty — Coetus minutes to be delayed, in the 
sending until next spring 3494 

Oct. 1 Action of the Church of New York on Circular Letter of 
Coetus about a Classis — A Classis of less use than a Coe- 
tus — Domine De Ronde released from his obligation to 
belong to the Coetus — Consistory to write to the Classis 
of Amsterdam against a Coetus — A petition to be pre- 
sented to the Legislative Assembly to allow the Dutch to 
have a Professor of Divinity in Kings College — Another 

copy, with omissions 3495, 3496 

12 Rev. Gerard Haeghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam — Says 
he has fulfilled his duties a-s minister, and his church 
bound to pay him his salary — Defends his former criti- 
cisms of the Classis in severe terms — Rebukes the Classis 
for charging him with lack of humility — Lawsuit for his 
salary — Suggests his breaking off of correspondence with 
the Classis — Under English law — Will strive for peace — 
Coetus about to go to pieces — A Classis needed, if prop- 
erly organized — His admonition to the Classis against 
spiritual pride and the exercise of lordship — P. S. : Re- 
marks on the Pennsylvania churches 3497, 3498 



xxvi Table of Contents. 

1754. PAGE. 

Oct. 17 The Church of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — Com- 
pelled to acquaint the Classis with the recent action of 
the Coetus — Plan of Coetus, to turn itself into a Claasis, 
presented — Lust of power rules the Coetus, and would rule 
the Classis — Danger of the overthrow of the Dutch 
Church by the English — Desirability to make candidates 
and ministers here, if they could receive proper education — 
But education here would bring about the separation of 
the Church from Holland — In the proposal for a Classis, 
independence lurks — Partizanship rules the Coetus, as 
appears from several incidents — Hence the Church of New 
York abjures the Coetus, and renews its old relations 
direct with the Classis of Amsterdam 3499, 3500 

18 Rev. Ritzema to Rev. Van Sinderen — Requests assent to his 
preaching in Van Sinderen's chiireli, on invitation of op- 
ponents 3500, 3501 

18 Wni. Livingston to Rev. Noah Welles — The Governor acting 
a double part — Hopes the Assemblj^ will defeat the Royal 
Charter — The Dutch Church of New York has requested to 
have a Professorship of Divinity in the College — If granted, 
the College less partizan — If rejected, evidence of 
hypocrisy 3501 

20 The Church and the College — Bishop Sherlock to Rev. 

Samuel Johnson 3502 

22 Rev. Van Sinderin to Rev. Ritzema — Consents conditionally 

to an exchange with Ritzema 3502, 3503 

25 The Church and the College — Rev. Samuel Johnson to Bishop 

Seeker 3503, 3504 

25 Rev. Dr. Johnson to the Archbishop of Canterbury — The 

Church in Westchester County 3504, 3505 

25 Petition of the Collegiate Church to the Assembly, for a 
Divinity Professorship in the proposed College — Importance 
of such Professorship to the College — Postponed until the 
Charter is presented to the House 3505, 3506 

31 Draft of Charter for a college (Kings College) presented to 
the Council by the Attorney-General — Names of Trustees — 
Dissent of Mr. Smith — Charter adopted 3506 

31 Charter of Kings College — Sketch of Rev. Dr. Johnson, the 

first President 3506-3515 

Nov. 1 Report to the House, of the Trustees holding the College 

Funds — Funds invested — Trinity Church had offered land. 3515 
1 Minority Report of Hon. Wm. Livingston on the College 
Funds — The majority Report not complete — The Trustees 
were not incorporated; had not reported his dissent — 
Minority Report included various documents — Also Liv- 
ingston's " Twenty Unanswerable Reasons " against the 
establishment of a Sectarian College, of May 16, 1754, 
presented to the Assembly 3515-3517 



Table of Contents. xxvii 



1754. 



PAGE. 

Nov. 4 Rev. Henry Barclay, Rector of Trinity Church, to Rev. 
Samuel Johnson, the nominated President of Kings Col- 
lege — The College Charter passed by the Council — Report 
to the House of the Trustees holding the Funds, Wro. Liv- 
ingston dissenting — His protest — The cause almost lost — 
The Governor determined — Difficult to decide whether John- 
son better yet resign his charge — Support as President of 
College doubtful — But two Dutch members made a pro- 
posal for a Dutch Professorship of Divinity in the Col- 
lege, and they would vote the money 3517, 3518 

5 Rev. Anthony Curtenius to the Classis of Amsterdam — The 

Coetus voted to turn itself into a Classis — Reasons against 
an American Classis: If the Synod granted the request, 
Arminianism and Independency would come into the 
church — The Academies here are Independent, Presby- 
terian or Anglican — Johnson, of the Anglican Academy, 
is an Arminian — The Dutch have asked for a Professor- 
ship of Divinity in that Academy, for themselves — A num- 
ber of Dutch ministers consort with the Presbyterians — 
George Whitefield allowed to preach in Dutch churches. 

3518, 3519 

6 Resolution of the Assembly that the moneys raised for the 

College shall only be employed according to the direction 
of the Legislature — (See June 12, 1755; and Dec. 1, 
1756) — Wm. Livingston asks permission to bring in a bill 
for a College to be incorporated by Act of Assembly — 
Granted— (See Nov. 26, 1754) 3520 

12 Rev. Van Sinderin to certain parties in reference to peace. 

3520, 3521 

18 Jeremias Van der Bilt, of the (anti) -Consistory to Rev. 

Van Sinderin, in reference to peace 3521-3523 

26 Livingston's Bill for an Unsectarian College — Abstract. .3523-3525 
Dec. 5 Christ's Church ( Episcopal ) at Oyster Bay 3525 

7 Act for raising £1125 by lottery toward further provision 

for founding a College in New York 3525 

7 Wm. Livingston to Rev. Noah Welles — " The Watch Tower " 

—The Church-College— Bill for a Free College 3525, 3526 

Dec. ? Rev. John Ritzema to Classis of Amsterdam — (This letter 

is a forgery of a schoolmaster, Van der Sman) 3526, 3527 

1755. 

Jan. 14 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Refer- 
ence to Thos. Romeyn — Regret delay in sending the 
Minutes of Coetus — Acts of Synod of North Holland, sent 
over 3527, 3528 

27 Church of New York resolves to call a chorister, school- 

master, etc 3528, 3529 

Feb 6 Specimen of one of the articles called " The Watch Tower." 

3529, 3530 
17 Church of New York to certain gentlemen in Amsterdam, to 

call a chorister, schoolmaster, etc. — Terms 3530-3532 



xxvm 



Table op Contents. 



March 19 



24 
26 



1755. PAGE. 

Feb. 20 Rev. Anthony Curtenius to the Classis of Amsterdam — Turn- 
ing the Coetua into a Classis — Visit of Rev. Theodore Fre- 
linghuysen to all the churches, to get signatures for a 
Classis and a College — Preaches on the subject — Names of 
subscribers — Document addressed to a Synod, but no 
special SjTiod specified — Danger of a College and Classis — 

Many Dutch ministers favor Presbyterianism 3532-3534 

Nicholas Wyckof (of anti- Consistory) to Rev. Van Sin- 
deren, respecting call of Rev. Curtenius as colleague; and 

conditions of peace 3534 

Rev. Van Sinderen and party decline overtures 3535 

Church of New York — Sale of domine Boel's parsonage. 

3535, 3536 

28 Church of New York to certain gentlemen in Holland, about 

choosing chorister, etc 3536 

29 Churches of Kings County, (adherents of Arondeus) to 

Classis of Amsterdam — Arondeus has left — Have occa- 
sional supplies — Opposition of Van Sinderin and his ad- 
herents — Rev. Mancius, not a member of the Coetus, had 
preached and prepared a form of call for them — Called 
Curtenius — Acceptance, on conditions of efforts for peace 
and union — Van Sinderin declines overtures for union, 
because of the assumed irregularity of Arondeus and his 
consistory — Can raise £107 — Ask Classis to recognize 
Curtenius as their lawful minister 3536-3538 

March ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Rev. Thomas RomejTi — 
His installation at Oyster Bay — Similar letter from the 
Consistory, accepting Romeyn 3538, 3539 

April 7 Classis receives letters from Queens County, dated May 21, 
1754; from the Coetus, of date Sept. 19, 1754 — Replies 

postponed 3539 

10 Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
His dismissal from Paramaribo not received — Requests 

Classis to dismiss him in a regular manner 3539, 3540 

10 Rev. Van Sinderin's Consistory to Rev. Curtenius, exhorting 

him of the irregularity of his accepting the call 3540 

17 Circular Letter of Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen calling a 
Convention to meet in New York, May 27, 1755, to take 
measures to establish a Classis and found an Academy. . . . 3541 

26 Van Sinderin's Consistory to John Lott, etc . 3541 

26 Protest of Van Sinderin's Consistory, Lott, etc., against the 

call of Curtenius 3542 

May 5 Classis receives a letter from Curtenius, but will not answer 

private letters 3542 

7 Personal Petition of Domine Ritzema to the Governor and 
Council for an Additional Charter to Kings College, giving 
to the Dutch a Professor of Divinity therein — To be 
granted if the Governors of the College requ^t it — This 
was done — Committee appointed to prepare it — (See May 
13, and Aug. 11, 1755) 3542, 3543 



Table op Contents. xxix 

1755, PAGE. 

May 8 Trinity Church orders deeds for lands to Kings College to 

be prepared 3543 

13 Report on the Personal Petition of Ritzema, of May 7 — The 
Petition itself — Committee to wait on the Governor — (See 
May 7, 1755) 3544 

19 Action of Governor and Council — The Attorney General to 
prepare additional Charter for a Dutch Divinity Professor- 
ship in Kings College— (See May 30, 1755) 3544, 3545 

22 Rev. Ritzema to Rev. Van Sinderin, respecting call of Cur- 

tenius — Friendly hints 3545, 3546 

23 Church of New York — Proceeds from sale of Parsonage — 

Delay answering Frelinghuysen's Circular Letter of April 

17, for Convention 3546 

27-30 Tlie American Classis and Academy — Conference called by 
Frelinghuysen — Design: To request Synod of Holland to 
take measures to organize a Classis and an Academy in 
New York — Names of persons present — INIinisters and 
churches generally favorable — Rev. Theodore Frelinghuy- 
sen chosen as a delegate to the Synod of Holland — A Com- 
mittee appointetl to draAV up petitions, instructions and 
credentials — Oppositions — Expenses and compensation — 
To request the Church of Albany to consent to their 
pastor's mission upon condition that his pulpit should be 
supplied — Requested Ritzema to produce the Minute Book 
of Coetus — An extra session of the Coetus organized. 
Extra Coetus, May 29. 
Members present — Ritzema considers the session illegal, 
and will not produce the books — Committee finally obtains 
the books — Petition to the Synod for a Classis and Acad- 
emy, with the appointment of Rev. Theodore Frelinghuy- 
sen as delegate, signed by the entire body — Plan for 
soliciting subscriptions for an Academy, adopted — Com- 
plaint from Hackensack; committee appointed to go 
thither — Citations issued to Rev. Haaghoort and certain 
Trustees to meet the Committee — Mauritius Goetschius 
and Henricus Frelinghuysen request ordination in 
America — Rev. Meinema and Church of Fishkill — Abraham 
Keteltas requests license to preach — Refused — Van Sin- 
derin complains of the call of Curtenius to Kings County. 

The Commission of Theodore Frelinghuysen, in Latin 
and English— [See Oct. 5, 1759] 3546-3552 

30 The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam — Constrained to 
request again the privilege of ordaining in America two 
young men, John Mauritius Goetschius and Henricus Fre- 
linghuysen — Sketches of these two — Urgency of the request 
to ordain them here 3553, 3554 

30 The Additional Charter for a Professorship of Divinity for 
the Dutch Church in Kings College presented to the Coun- 
cil and approved — (See May 7, 13, 19) — The Charter. 

3554, 3555 



XXX Table of Contents. 

1755. PAGE. 

June 1 Classis approves letters to Pennsylvania — Examination of 

Wm. Jackson 3555, 3556 

3, 5 The Additional Charter presented to the Trustees — De- 
posited \\'ith the Treasurer and ordered printed 3556 

9, 12 Church of New York begins arrangements to sell the Manor 
of Fordham — Act of Assembly confirmed in England — The 
Church on the Manor not to be sold 3556, 3557 

12 Renewed petition of the Trustees of Kings College for the 
moneys raised by lottery for the College — Review of the 
whole case — The Act of Incorporation; the Additional 
Charter; the gift of land; the request for the Funds — 
Matter postponed — Debated for a year — Only half of the 
money finally given to the College; the other half to the 
Corporation of the City for a Pest-house and Jail — (See 
Dec. 1, 1756) 3557, 3558 

21 Rev. Anthony Curtenius to the Classis of Amsterdam — His 
call to Kings County by the adherents of Arondeus — Pro- 
poses Articles of Peace with Van Sinderin and his Con- 
sistory — Unsuccessful — Installed by Ritzema 3558-3560 

27 Consistory of Kingston, per Rev. Mancius, to Classis of 
Amsterdam — New Paltz church finally separated from 
Kingston — The Coetus wishes to be a Classis — Rev. Theo- 
dore Frelinghuysen's trip to secure signatures for a Clas- 
sis and an Academy ; places visited ; hoped to secure en- 
dowments in Holland — Rev. Mancius opposed to a Classis 
but not to an Academy — Congregations opposed to a 
Classis — Acts of the Convention, May 27, 1755, in refer- 
ence to a Classis — Protest of Rev. Mancius, who gives his 
version of the matter, and his position therein — Convention 
voted for a Classis — The President requested opponents to 
leave — His objections to a Classis: Fears majority of 
votes; ordinations here would cause the ministry to de- 
teriorate ; separation from the parent church ; partizanship 
— Requests the Classis to oppose an American Classis — 

Rev. Rubel called to Rhinebeck 3561-3565 

July ? Acts of the Deputies — Letter from Curtenius of Jan. 21, 
1755 — Called to Kings County by the genuine Consistory — 
Makes offers of peace to Van Sinderin — Call of Theodore 
Frelinghuysen to Gravesend, but declined — Curtenius 
installed by Ritzema 3565 

21 Classis receives letters from many parties, answers to which 
were presented and approved, as follows: From Rev. 
Ritzema, of Dec. 1754; from Consistory of New York, of 
Oct. 17, 1754; from Rev. Thos. Romeyn, of Nov. 22, 1754; 
from Consistoiy of Jamaica, of Nov. 21, 1754; from illegal 
Consistory of Jamaica, of Jan. 21, 1755; from Rev. Cur- 
tenius, of Nov. 5, 1754; another, from same, of Feb. 20, 
1755; from Kings County, of Mar. 29, 1755; and certain 
letters from Surinam 3565, 3566 



Table of Contents. xxxi 

1755. PAGE. 

July 21 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — Acts 
of Coetus of September, 1754, in reference to a Classis, 
not yet received — Classis of Amsterdam opposed to an 
American Classis — Surprise that the Church of New York 
has withdra\\Ti from tlie Coetus, and that the conditions 
of De Ronde's call, that he should belong to the Coetus, 
had been annulled — Impropriety and illegality of this 
action — Church cannot be built up by divisions — Admoni- 
tion to the Consistory to reunite with the Coetus .... 3566, 3567 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to E.ev. John Ritzema — Reference to 
his (supposed) letter of December, 1754, (which was a 
forgery,) asking permission for the ordination of Van der 
Swan— Refused 3567, 3568 

21 The Classis of Amsterdam to the illegal Consistory of 
Jamaica in Queens County — Congratulations, with hopes 
for peace 3569 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. A. Curtenius — Allusions to 
his letter in opposition to an American Classis — ^Acta of 
Coetus of September, 1754, not yet received — Cannot 
decide about the propriety of preaching in English ; the 
preaching of Whitefield, etc 3570 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to the illegal Consistory in Kings 
County appointed by Arondeus — Unwisdom of their 
action — Exhortation to peace 3571 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Thos. Romeyn — Congratula- 
tions on his settlement with hopes that he may establish 
peace 3572 

21 Classis of Amsterdam to the (legal) Consistory at Jamaica — 
Pleased with their acceptance of Rev. RomejTi — Hopes for 

restoration of peace 3573 

July 29-Aug. 7 Synod of North Holland — Nothing relating to New 

York 3574 

Aug. 11 Complaint of the Church of New York against Rev. Rit- 
zema as to his conduct in reference to the Charter of 
Kings College, and the Professorship of Divinity therein — 
(See May 7, 1755) 3574-3576 

12 Reply of Ritzema to said complaint 3576, 3577 

20 Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam: In refer- 
ence to the disputes in Queens County and the calling of 

Rev. Thos. Romeyn 3578, 3579 

Sept. 1 Rev. Arondeus appears and asks Classis to certify to certain 
certificates from Long Island, that he may obtain a set- 
tlement in Holland — Committee to report thereon — Classis 
receives a letter from Rev. Curtenius, of June 2, 1755, 
called to Long Island 3579 

ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR SIR CHARLES HARDY, KNT. 

Sept. 3, 1755-June 3, 1757. 

Sept. 3 The documents of Arondeus— ( See Oct. 6) 3580-3582 



xxxii Table of Contents. 

1755. PAGE. 

Sept. 3 Revs. Curtenius, Ritzema, etc., (afterward known as the 
Conf erenties Party, ) to the Classis of Amsterdam — Freling- 
huysen's efforts to found an Academy — Opposition of 
certain congregations — Frelinghuysen's schemes should be 
arrested — Accused of bad faith — Principal churches con- 
sider that a Classis here would be injurious — Arbitrary 
censures inflicted already — The proposed College in op- 
position to the College chartered by the Governor with a 
Dutch Divinity Professorship therein — Trustees of said Col- 
lege represent all denominations — Frelinghuysen's scheme 
will divide families — He hopes for endowments from Hol- 
land; but Americans have means of their o^vn 3582-3585 

11 Amendment to the Ministry Act of 1693 3585 

12 Address of Church of New York to Gov. Hardy and his 

Reply 3586, 3587 

12 Rev. Anthony Curtenius to the Classis of Amsterdam — The 
opposition of his call to Kings County — Who may be the 
" moderators " of calls ? — Is Curtenius an intruder ? — 
Was the Consistory which called Curtenius a legal Con- 
sistory? 3587, 3588 

25 Church of New York — Conditions of sale of the Manor of 

Fordham 3588, 3589 

30 The Opponents of the American Classis and Academy to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Acts of Coetus of September, 1754, 
proposing a Classis, now sent over by the opponents — Trip 
of Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen to get signatures for an 
American Classis and Academy — Churches innocently sub- 
scribed thereto — Coetus broken up — Convention called 
by Frelinghuysen for May 27, 1755 — By stratagem ob- 
tained the documents of the Coetus — Set up a new Coetus 
of themselves alone — Frelinghuysen commissioned to apply 
to the Synod for an American Classis — Request corre- 
spondence as a separate body from Coetus — Endorse letter 
of Curtenius and Ritzema of Sept. 3rd, 1755 3589, 3590' 

Oct. 6 Report of the Committee of Classis on request of Arondeus 
made Sept. 3rd — His application for endorsement of his 
credentials refused, and reasons inscribed on his docu- 
ments — Final action of Classis thereon 3590-3595 

Oct. ? Acts of the Deputies — Matters pertaining to Van Sinderin 

approved — Acts of Synod to be sent 3595, 3596 

6 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. U. Van Sinderin — Surprise 
expressed that he has not sent the action of Coetus about 
the calling of Curtenius to Kings County — Curtenius a 

man of peace 3596, 3597 

7-14 Acts of the Regular Coetus of New York — Members present — • 
Ritzema urged to attend, or at least to send Book of 
Minutes and his report as treasurer — The Long Island 
and Curtenius case — Report on the Hackensack case — 
Curtenius to be cited before the Coetus — The case of 



Table op Contents. xxxiii 

1755. PAGE. 

Oct. 7-14 Smithfield and Minisink, with Rev. Fryenmoet — The Fish- 
kill case — Ritzema refuses to attend the Coetus, or to give 
up the Minute Book, papers and Classical letter — 
Origin of the Conferentie — Consistory of Albany refuses to 
join Coetus, or allow Frelinghuysen to go as delegate to 
Holland — A letter to be prepared to be sent to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, explaining the circumstances which led to 
an American Classis — Credentials to be prepared for Fre- 
linghuysen on his visit to Holland — An account of the 
affairs at Hackensack and Schralenberg — A letter to be 
sent to the censured members, and to Rev. Van der Linde 
as to his assistance to those under censure — Ritzema cited 
to answer to the charge of installing Curtenius — A letter 
to be sent to the Classis of the Hackensack troubles — 
Curtenius's answer to the Citation of the Coetus, returned 
to him, because of the character of the Address — 
Curtenius suspended — Consistory of New York asked to 
compel Ritzema to deliver up Books, documents, letters 
and funds — Complaint against De Ronde for preaching to 
the disaffected in Queens County — Ritzema declines to give 
any further answer — Consistory of New York answered 
that the business did not belong to them — Classical 
letter at length secured — The Fishkill case — The Ecclesi- 
astical Testimonial for Frelinghuysen's visit to Holland 
read and approved — The German Reformed Coetus to be 
asked to join with the Dutch Coetus, to establish a Semi- 
nary — Rev. Ritzema asked whether he had yet sent Coetus 
Minutes of September, 1754, to Classis — Answer evasive — 
The Fishkill case — Adrianus Van der Swan's request 
refused — Ritzema's conduct to be reported to Classis of 
Amsterdam — Albany's refusal to the mission of Freling- 
huysen — Classis to be asked to correspond with the 

Coetus proper 3597-3604 

1 1 Form of Suspension of Curtenius by the Coetus 3604 

13 Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — Defends 

himself against Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen's letters — 
He could not gain me over to his plans — Th.e reception of 
his plans, for a Classis and an Acailemy, in the New York 
Consistory — That Consistory had already asked for a 
Divinity Professorship in Kings College — Ritzema explains 
his actions in Kings County in reference to Arondeus, and in 
Queens County in the Romeyn difficulties ; and at Jamaica — 
Complaints of the Acts of Coetus, although done by a 
majority vote — Declaration of his honesty — The differences 
with Frelinghuysen relate to matters of Church Order — 
Peculiar conditions of Dutch churches under English civil 
government, and dangers to the Dutch Church 3605-3607 

14 The Coetus (or American Classis) to the Classis of Amster- 

dam — Account of affairs — Governments first by Con- 



xxxiv Table of Contents. 

1755. PAGE. 

Oct. 14 sistories — Then by a Coetus — Now a Classis necessary — 
Opposition thereto — Rev. Haeghoort first proposed, in 
1753, some improvement in the Coetus — In 1754 a large 
majority of the churches were in favor of a Classis — 
Ritzema at first opposed, but finally voted for a Classis — 
Only one negative vote — Hence the Circular Letter to the 
churches — Replies to be returned by April, 1755, which 
were to be sent to the Classis and Synod — But Consistory 
of New York sent a letter to the Classis objecting to either 
a Coetus or Classis in this country — Ritzema also sent a 
P. S. to the Circular Letter, stating the opposition of the 
New York Church — Specimen — This led Rev. Theodore 
Frelinghuysen to visit all the churches, and secure sub- 
scriptions for both a Classis and an Academy — Nearly all 
assented — This thwarted the plan of Ritzema, but Haag- 
hoort now joined him — Assertion that Frelinghuysen had 
broken up the Coetus — Many irregularities followed, at 
Hackensack; in Kings County, etc. — Convention of May, 
1755, to decide whether to lay the matter of a Classis and 
Academy before the Synod — Haeghoort and the new 
Trustees, at Hackensack, protest against the Convention — 
Coetus not broken up, but confirmed by becoming a 
Classis — Character of Haeghoort — The Convention of May, 
1755, called an extra session of the Coetus — Its legality 
questioned — Vacillation of Ritzema — Refusal to produce 
the Books of Coetus — His refusal to explain his conduct — 
Personally, sought a Theological Professorship in Kings 
College — Censured by his Consistory — ^The best of his Con- 
sistory disagree with him in his opposition — To prevent 
the Dutch Church from going entirely over to the English 

Church, a Classis is needed 3608-3610 

22 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Regrets that he has not yet been able to present, per- 
sonally, to Classis the petition of Convention for an 
American Classis and Academy — Sends over Minutes of 
Convention May 27-29, and of extra Coetus, May 30, 1755; 
Minutes of regular Coetus, Oct. 7-14, 1755, to be sent 
soon — A crisis on the church — Church of Albany refuses 
him leave of absence — Great importance of present efforts, 
for the salvation of the Church — Accompanying letter of 
Coetus, earnestly asking permission to ordain Mauritz 
Goetschius and Henricus Frelinghuysen 3610, 3611 

Nov. 3 Meeting at Paramus — See Nov. 25 3611 

3 Trinity Church, New Y^ork, to the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel, on the founding of Kings College — Ground 
given by the Church — Church desei-ved some privileges 
therefor — No conditions — Effort to exclude all religion — 
Interposition of Trinity Church — Trustees of all denomi- 
nations — Continued opposition — Delay of paying over the 



Table of Contents. xxxv 

1755. PAGE, 

money raised by lottery — The common people prejudiced 
against Episcopacy — Prosperity of Princeton College by 
help from Scotland — Hope for help from England for Kings 
College — Tliree Dissenting Colleges, Harvard, Yale and 
Princeton — Profession of Brotherhood with all — Notes. 

3611, 3612 
all Eeligion, and the two Colleges — Remarks by Rev. David 
Marinus on the Contentions in New York — Youth will be 
influenced by the religion of their College — The Dutch also 
hope to have a College of their own 3613 

ov. 9, 10 Church of New York — Chorister and schoolmaster — ^Manor 

of Fordham 3614 

12 Churches of Kings County, N. Y., per Curtenius, to the 
Classis of Amsterdam — Other letters sent of nearly same 
import, on June 8, Sept. 12, Oct. 30, 1755 — His Provi- 
dential call to Long Island — Opposition of Van Sinderin — 
Accusation before Coetus — Sentence against him — Charges 
Frelinghuysen with desire to supplant him on Long Is- 
land — Dangers of a Classis — His offers to co-operate with 
Van Sinderin — Schisms on Long Island previously — Cui'- 
tenius is not an intruder — The Coetus not a constitutional 
body — It is now Frelingliuysen's Assembly — An irregular 
body had disciplined him 3614-3620 

15 Churches of Marbletown, Rochester [Ulster County] and 

Wawarsing to Classis of Amsterdam — Henry Frelinghuysen 
been preaching to them for a year, but not ordained — 
Request for his ordination in America — Talents good — 
Loss of Jacobus Frelinghuysen at sea — Formerly firm for 
ordinations in Holland — Need of a Classis 3620, 3621 

16 Church of New York— Terms for schooling 3621 

17 Address of Wm. Livingston to Sir Charles Hardy, Knt., the 

new Governor 3621, 3622 

19 Rev. Benjamin Van der Linde, of Paramus, to the Classis 
of Amsterdam — Alleged misconduct of Rev. J. H. Goet- 
schius — Received illegally a member from Paramus — 
Preaches indiscriminately through Paramus congrega- 
tion — Organized a new Consistory, maldng confusion — 
An intruder — Cannot complain to the Coetus, for it is 
broken up — Effort to form a Classis — Desires power of 
ordination — Classis of Amsterdam powerless under English 
Government — Goetschius' intrusion submitted to neighbor- 
ing ministers and Consistories — Decision submitted to Con- 
sistory of New York — Goetschius very obnoxious — Request 
approval of their censure of him 3622, 3623 

24 Church of New York — Conditions under which they will con- 

sider the Paramus case 3624 

25 Consistories of Hackensack, Schralenberg and Second River 

(Belleville) to the Classis of Amsterdam, per Rev. G. 
Haeghoort — Does the Coetus any longer legally exist? — 



xxxvi Table of Contents. 

1755. PAGE. 

Nov. 25 Has turned itself into a Classis — Its members have sepa- 
rated themselves from us, without waiting for replies of 
the churches — Verbiyck and Frelinghuysen of Albany, the 
leaders; called a Convention for May 27, 1755 — Freling- 
huysen appointed to go to Holland, to request permission 
for a Classis and Academy — The old Coetus had been acting 
regularly to this end ; Frelinghuysen broke up the old body 
by his irregular proceedings — Regular meeting of old 
Coetus in October — Action for a Classis then to have been 
taken — Frelinghuysen illegally anticipated this action by 
his irregular proceedings — Questionable whether a Coetus 
now exists — Consent or non-consent for a Classis might 
have been regularly obtained — ^Now no legal answer possi- 
ble — Ordinations performed, illegal — ^jVIeetings of a Coetus 
now, a new Coetus — Yet those meetings sit in judgment 
and exercise authority and discipline — The New York 
Church has protested against the Classis formed — Said 
Church has obtained a Divinity Professorship in Kings 
College — Sure to fail — But Frelinghuysen went madly on — 
Protests in vain — Discipline exercised — Rev. Van der 
Linde turned to neighboring pastors and consistories for 
advice when in trouble, because no legal Coetus — Hence 
a meeting at Paramus, Nov. 3rd, to consider intrusions of 
Goetschius in the Paramus congregation, forming new Con- 
sistories, etc. — Goetschius suspended, and his consistories 
deposed — Detailed reasons given. 

Classis had directed the ministers to keep an eye on 
Goetschius — Hence this report — His neighbors know him 
best — Opposition to his call to Hackensack — Conditions of 
that call about salaries — Difficulties resulting. 

Trustees appointed in opposition to him — Haeghoort, 
their adviser — Goetschius declared discharged — Resolution 
to choose a new consistory — Use of church-building refused, 
but forcibly entered — New Consistory chosen — Complaints 
made to the so-called Coetus — Committee visits Hacken- 
sack — Suspends Haeghoort for his part in the transac- 
tions — Refuses to recognize their authority — He installs the 
recently chosen consistory — ^Acts of Committee declared 
illegal — Coetus ratifies Acts of the Committee — Hence 
Haeghoort gives his own account to Classis of Amsterdam. 

Illegality of the Convention and Coetus of May, 1755 — 
Goetschius charged with split in the Church of Hacken- 
sack, and other ills in the Church in general — He and his 
consistory deserve deposition — The New York Church asked 
to arbitrate, on Nov. 24, 25, on these matters — Hopes for 

favorable action of Classis 3624-3633 

Nov. ? Petition of the Consistories of Hackensack and Schralenberg 

to the Classis of Amsterdam — Improper action of Haeg- 
hoort ; sustained by Curtenius and Van der Linde : had 



Table op Contents. xxxvii 

1755. PAGE. 

organized new Consistories of tlieir members; Haeghoort 
suspended by Coetus; had attacked our minister, Goet- 
schius ; Classis requested to leave the case to Coetus ; then 
churches belong to Coetus; reasons why they prefer the 
case to be tried by Coetus; thoroughly approve of Goet- 
schius' doctrine and life; believe in treating ministers 
fairly; wrong of organizing new Consistories in a church; 
complain of Van der Linde; he had cited Goetschius and 
one of his Consistories to trial for organizing a new church 
thirteen miles from Vander Linde's church ; Haeghoort's 
irregularities ; request Classis to compel him to submit to 

Coetus 3633-3635 

Dec. 9 Classis receives letters from abroad — Extracts read from 

letters of Coetus of New York of September, 1754, and a 
letter of Sept. 30, 1755 — Answer approved — Report on state 
of the Church in New Netherland — Extracts read from 
letter of Curtenius and Ritzema, of Sept. 3, 1755, against an 
Academy in New York; and from Consistory of Kingston, 
of July 27, 1755 — ^Answer to Kingston, approved — Letter 
from Eitzema, of Aug. 20, 1755; with an account of a 
meeting at Paramus, Nov. 2, 1755, were read — Answers 

approved 3635, 3636 

9 Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York — Addressed 
to all, without reference to parties — Acts of Coetus of Sep- 
tember, 175.4, with letter, a year late — ^Also a letter of five 
ministers dated a year after said Coetus — Turning Coetus 
into a Classis — Efforts of Theodore Frelinghuysen for a 
Classis and a University — Astonishment of Classis — Docu- 
ments obscure — Opposition of the Church of New York to 
a Classis, etc. — Frelinghuysen's plans grand, but im- 
practicable, a castle in the air — The New York arguments 
against a Classis — The English government under which 
they live would be opposed to their Church independence — 
No facilities there for a proper education for ministers — 
A Classis would not heal the divisions — The Coetus argu- 
ments for a Classis : The Coetus, a non-descript body ; 
Classis denies this — The Coetus powerless to give final 
decisions ; but independence from Mother Church would be 
imsafe; Coetus not competent to examine and ordain; 
distance is not an argument; East Indian churches sub- 
mit — Appeal of opponents of Coetus to the Synod — Classis 

will only support a united Coetus 3636-3641 

29 Church of New York to Dreves, etc., in Holland — Arrival of 
Schoolmaster Welp — Expect success in his school, etc. — 
Expenses of his emigration met 3641, 3642 

1756. 
Jan. 13 Acts of the Deputies — The New York disputes — Separations 
from the Coetus — Desires for a Classis and an Academy — 



xxx\iii Table op Contents. 

1756. PAGE. 

Censures inflicted by the so-called Coetus, and by others — 
Answers approved 3642, 3643 

Jan. 13 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. G. W. Mancius and Consistory 
of Kingston — Their letter of June 27, 1755, received — - 
Pleased with the separation of New Paltz from Kingston — 
Classis disapproves of Frelinghuysen's schemes of an 
American Classis and Academy — Allusion to Rubel's call 

to Rhinebeck 3643, 3644 

13 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Ritzema and the Consistory 
of New York — Had received documents from Consistory 
and from Ritzema of Aug. 20, 1755 ; and Acts of meeting 
at Paramus of Nov. 3rd.— Grief of Classis over the dis- 
sensions — The parties chided — Exhortations to peace — Con- 
tinued difficulties on Long Island — The document of the 
meeting at Paramus not well understood — Classis declares 
all censures and suspensions, pro and con, to be null and 
void — Nothing can be done until the Coetus is re-established 
on its former footing — Will not answer the document from 
Paramus 3644-3647 

Feb. 19 Amendments to the Ministry Acts of May 20, 1703, and July 
5, 1705 : To compel delinquent constables to enforce the 

Ministry Act of 1693 3647, 3648 

20 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
The Reformed Church first brought the Gospel to America — 
Presbyterians hold their eccelesiastical meetings and have 
founded a College for training ministers — Episcopalians 
have founded a College ; but the Reformed Church remains 
destitute of such meetings and institutions — Churches lack 
pastors — Most of the Dutch Congregations now demand a 
Classis and a Seminary — But there are mocking enemies — ■ 
New York Consistory tried to join with the Episcopalians, 
but failed — Great confusion — They also defend the 
rebellious elsewhere — Asl<s help of Classis 3648, 3649 

March 8 Religion among the Mohawks 3650 

19 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 3650 

April 1 Church of New York — Salary of Visitor of the Sick — Manor 
of Fordham— Refuse to correspond with Rev. Theodore 

Frelinghuysen in reference to a Classis and Academy 3651 

5 William Jackson requests examination of Classis of Amster- 
dam — Letters received by Classis from Curtenius, of Jan. 

21, 1755; from his Elders at Flatbush, of Nov. 12, 1755; 
from Ritzema, of Oct. 13, 1755; from Thos. Romeyn, of 
Aug. 12, 1754; from Leydt and Fryennioeth, as officers of 
the Coetus, of Oct. 14, 1755, with Minutes of Coetus 
of May 27-30, 1755; from churches of Marbletown, 
etc., of Nov. 15, 1755 ; also from the Coetus of Oct. 

22, 1755; and a petition from Elders and Deacons of 
Hackensack, without date — All referred to the Deputati 

ad res exteras — Letter to the Coetus, approved 3652 



Table op Contents. xxxix 

1756. ■ * PAGE. 

April ? Acts of the Deputies — Report of meeting of Paramus, Nov. 
3rd, 1755, (see Nov. 25,) referring to the suspensions of 
Goetschius and of Haeghoort, by the opposing parties, and 
the irregular Coetus of May, 1755 — Classis declares all 
these Acts null and void — Complaints of Van der Linde 
against Goetschius — Circumstances connected with the 
settlement of Goetschius at Hackensack. 

Letter from so-called Coetus, signed by Leydt and 
Freyenmoet, of Oct. 14, 1755; and extract from Coetus 
of May 27-30, 1755 — Account of the turning of the Coetus 
into a Classis, and of Ritzema's improper conduct therein — 
Hence Frelinghuysen's effort to counteract Ritzema's 
duplicity — Calling of the Convention of May, 1755 — Re- 
quest to Ritzema to call a regular Coetus — His refusal, 
with statement of his effort to secure a Divinity Professor- 
ship in Kings College for the Dutch. 

Commission of Frelinghuysen to go to Holland about 
securing an American Classis and Academy, and ask for 
funds — Extraordinary Coetus — Committee sent to Hacken- 
sack — Requests for ordinations — Illegalitj^ of Curtenius's 
call to Kings Coimty. 

Church of Marbletown, etc., call Henricus Frelinghuysen 
on condition that Coetus ordain him — -Same request for 
Mauritius Goetschius from Stone Arabia — Letter from 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, that his church of Albany will not 
let him go on his mission to Holland — Classis requested 
to order them to let him go. 

Petition from Elders and Deacons of Hackensack against 
Haeghoort, etc., for suspending Goetschius, and organizing 
new Consistories — Coetus thereupon suspended Haeghoort 
and these new Consistories — Haeghoort, etc., have also 
attacked Goetschius — ^Asks Classis to allow Coetus to 
settle these matters — Importance of sustaining Coetus — 
Reference to the meeting at Paramus on Nov. 3, 1755, and 
the acts there passed — Classis requested to require Haeg- 
hoort to appear before Coetus 3652-3656 

5 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Erickson, Goetschius and 
Frelinghuysen, who call themselves the Coetus — Grief of 
Classis over the dissensions among the ministers — Vain 
idea of turning the Coetus into a Classis — Improvement 
of the Coetus needed — Delusive idea of a University in New 
York, founded on funds from Holland — Correspondence 
abundant, but confusing — A Classis would involve sepa- 
ration from the Mother Church — Might also lose their 
civil liberties — The Church of New York opposed to them — 
Such a meeting as a Coetus exists in other colonies — ^A 
University, ridiculous ! Classis of Amsterdam refuses con- 
sent to a Classis in America or a University; refuses to 
permit ordinations — All the Acts, since division, on each 
side, null and void — Exhortations to peace and love . . . 3656-3660 



xl Table of Contents. 

1756. PAGE. 

June 14 William Jackson : Sickness prevents his examination 3660 

22 Consistory of Kings County to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
The differences between Revs. Curtenius and Van Sinderin, 

as to the legality of the former's call 3661, 3662 

22 Eev. Ulpianus Y?m Sinderin to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Ritzema to blame for the long delay in sending Minutes 
of Coetus of 1754 — His design, to break down the Coetus — 
Call of Curtenius to Long Island connected therewith — 
Review of Long Island matters, in connection with this 
call, to enlighten Classis — Extract from letter of Van 
Sinderin's father 3662-3665 

July 10 Consistory of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Astonishment at Classical letter of Jan. 13, 1756, repri- 
manding them — Had given no decision on the Haeghoort 
business (of Nov. 25, 1755) — Classis had misunderstood 
the matter — Church of New York not responsible for 
difficulties elsewhere — Church of New York at peace — 
Ritzema's private letter to Classis should be answered 
privately — Consistory has never before received such a 

letter from Classis 3665-3667 

19 Signing and reading the " Formulae of Concord " carefully 
attended to by the Classis of Amsterdam — Other bodies 
responsible for themselves — Letter received from Freling- 
huysen of Albany, Feb. 20, 1756 3667, 3668 

July 27-Aug. 5 Synod of North Holland — Papers received from New 
York: 1. Three letters from Theodore Frelinghuysen of 
Albany, relating to a Classis and an Academy in New- 
York; 2. Protests from Haeglioort, with other documents, 
against the plans of Frelinghuysen — Frelinghuysen had 
been appointed to visit Holland in behalf of this project, 
but has not yet come — Synod refuses to allow a Classis in 
America, sought outside of permission of the Classis of 
Amsterdam — The project of an Academy is impracticable — 
The American churches urged to correspond with the 
Classis of Amsterdam; to restore the broken Coetus — Acts 
of either faction to be considered null and void — Rebuked 
for their dissensions 3668-3671 

Sept. 6 Rev. Eliah Le Fevre called to Surinam — Answer to letter of 
Frelinghuysen, approved — Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, and 

Curacoa 3671 

6 Acts of the Deputies — Frelinghuysen's letter of Feb 20th, 
complains of lack of zeal of the Dutch ministers — The 
Presbyterians have their ecclesiastical bodies and a Col- 
lege; the Episcopalians are progressing, and have a Col- 
lege; the Reformed Dutch has no Classis nor Synod nor 
Seminary, and a lack of ministers — Hence most of the 
churches have resolved to have a Classis and a Seminary — 
Opponents exist to these schemes and attempt to rule — 
Requests the help of Classis 3672, 3673 



Table op Contents. xli 

1756. PAGE. 

Sept. 8 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen — 
Letter of Feb. 20tli, received, with Acts of Coetus of Oct. 
7th, 1755 — Classis has already expressed her opinion on an 
American Classis and University — Had answered on Dec. 
9, 1755, the letter of Coetus of Sept. 17, 1754, and the 
Synod agrees with Classis in opposing your schemes — 
Advises reunion of all the brethren 3673, 3674 

Oct. 7 The Coetus of New York to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Letter of Classis of Dec. 9, 1755, received — Glad the 
Classis now understands the true aim of Coetus — The idea 
of a Seminary should not stand in the way of a Classis — 
The letter of Sept. 30, 1755, of five opponents, (written 
without the knowledge of Coetus,) gave the Classis in- 
formation — Astronomical comparisons — Misinformation of 
the five — iSTo new Coetus — Conduct of Ritzema at Flatbush 
and of Haeghoort at Hackensack — Irregular installation 
of Schuyler at Hackensack — Their illegal position if the 
Coetus still exist — Obscurity in the Minutes of Coetas 
caused by Ritzema's conduct — Desire of Ritzema and 
Haeghoort to break up the Coetus — Grief of the righteous 
thereat — Reasons of the New York Consistory against a 
" Coetus to be answered later — Letter of Ritzema and Cur- 

tenius (of Sept. 3, 1755) not authorized by Coetus — 
Sorry that Classis may oppose, in Synod, the action of 
Coetus for a Classis and an Academy — Majority here in 
favor of them — Will show the strong Spiritual basis of 
their plans — Only thus can we be delivered from Prelacy 

or Independency 3674-3677 

8 Church of New York— Manor of Fordham 3677 

19 Death of Antonius Curtenius — Fragment of an obituary.3677, 3678 
Not. 9 Opponents of an American Classis and Academy to the 

Classis of Amsterdam — Coetus has answered a letter to 
them (the Opponents) without consulting them — Declare 
themselves impartizan — Coetus condemns all who oppose — 
Conduct of Coetus toward Curtenius, just deceased — Their 
censure of Schuyler, who succeeded Curtenius at Hacken- 
sack — Bad effect on the ignorant of such things — Their cen- 
sure on Haeghoort and its effect — Fryenmoet and the 
Church of Raritan interfered with by the Coetus — The name 
of Coetus made hateful — Divisions in congregations — 
Letter of Classis to the opponents of Coetus surrep- 
titiously obtained and circulated, with explanations that 
opponents were censured — Coetus charged with many 
irregularities — Students allowed to preach — May lay their 
complaints before the Synod 3678-3680 

20 Consistory of Saugerties to the Synod of North and South 

Holland — Request that Adrian Van der Swan, Visitor of 
the Sick, be ordained for them, in this country — (A For- 
gery; see Dec. 6, 1756) 3681 



xlii Table of Contents. 

1~56. PAGE. 

Nov. 27 An Act to repeal parts of several acts relating to raising 

funds for a College 3682 

Dec. 1 An act for appropriating the moneys raised for found- 

ing a College in this Colony — Only one-half devoted to the 
College; the other half towards building a Jail and Pest- 
House — Income from Duty on Excise — (See Xov. 6, 1754; 

June 12, 1755 ) 3682-3684 

6 Rev. John Ritzema to the Synod of North Holland — Request 
that Adrian Van der Swan may be ordained in America — 
(Letter a forgery: see Nov. 20, 1756, and Oct. 8, 

1759) 3684, 3685 

1757. 

Smith's Description of Trinity Church, New York 3685 

Jan. I] Wm. Jackson examined for licensui-e by Classis of Amster- 
dam — Rev. Le Febre installed over Church of Surinam — 
Letters from John Lott of Flatbush, of June 22, 1756; 
from Consistory of New York, of July 10, 1756; from the 
Coetus of New York, (per Erickson and Leydt,) of May 
30, 1755 — ^Answers approved 3686 

11 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from John Caspar Lupp of 
April 1, 1756 — His former life and labors — Emigration to 
America, and settlements: had been installed by Freling- 
huysen, at Amwell — Requests aid to be sent through 
Ritzema. 

Letter from Coetus of New York ( per Revs. Verbryek 
and Vrooman) of Oct. 7, 1755 — Request permission to 
ordain Mauritiiis Goetschius and Henry Frelinghuysen — 
Reasons 3687, 3688 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. C. Lupp — Commends him, 

but cannot help him with money 3688 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to John Lott and other Brethren in 
Kings County — Acknowledged as the legal Consistory, with 
Curtenius as their pastor — Exhortations to peace. . . .3688, 3689 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Erickson and Leydt (of the 
so-called Coetus) — Refuses permission for ordination of 
Mauritius Goetschius and Henry Frelinghuysen 3689 

29 Petition of the Old and Legal Consistory at Haokensack, 
against certain Seceders from their church — Schisms after 
the departure of Curtenius, under the leadership of Haeg- 
hoort — Irregular Consistories appointed — Action of the 
legal Consistory thereon, on May 21, 1755 — Efforts to 
secure a conference declined — Protest against Haeghoort's 
designs — The church forcibly entered — ilatters reported 
to the Convention of May 29, 1755 — Special Coetus cites 
them to answer without avail — Committee of Coetiis visits 
the field and disciplined Haeghoort and the schismatics — 
Nevertheless, the irregularly appointed Consistories in- 
stalled — Matters referred to Coetus of Octobei", 1755 — 
Discipline ratified — ^Meeting of these schismatics at 



Table of Contents. xliii 

1757. PAGE. 

Parainus, Nov. 3, 1755, and discipline of Goetscliius and 
regular Consistories — Nullification of this by Classis, 
January 1756 — Further acts of violence, and unlawful in- 
stallation of Schuyler in July, 1756 — Schuyler suspended 
by the Coetus, October, 1756 — But Classis has since nullified 
all the Acts on each side — Astonishment that the guilty 
are put on par with the innocent, and miist meet in a com- 
mon Assembly — View of the Classis visionai-y — Appeal to 
Classis to stand by the Coetus 36S9-3693 

Feb. 1 Rev. John H. Goetschius to the Classis of Amsterdam — 
Losses experienced by him, through the Cla,ssical removal 
of him from Long Island — -His great need of books for his 
large family and church members — Requests Classis to send 
him a box of books 3693 

April 4 William Jackson requests examination for ordination — 
Granted — Letter to Revs. De Ronde and Ritzema, ap- 
proved — Extracts read, from letters of Van Sinderin, of 
Jime 22, 1756; from the so-called Coetus of New York, of 
Oct. 7, 1756 — The Deputati to answer these at their dis- 
cretion 3694 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York; to 
Revs. De Ronde and Ritzema — Classis will not answer in 
the spirit of their New York letter — No undue importance 
given to the Paramus Assembly of Nov. 3, 1755 — Greater 
prudence expected from the New York Consistory, which 
offered to mediate between the parties ; but said Con- 
sistory could not be the judge — That Consistory should not 
have encouraged the destruction of the Coetus, but should 
have defended it, and have carried this business before it. 

Irregularity of said Consistory, according to their letter 
of Oct. 1, 1754, in releasing De Ronde from membership in 
the Coetus; largely responsible for the schisms — Urged to 
reunite with the Coetus — Classis cannot generally answer 

private letters — Exhortations to peace and unity 3694-3699 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to those constituting the Rightful 
Coetus — Acts of the Synod of North Holland for 1756, sent 
over — (See July 27, 1756) — Desire the Holy Spirit to 

guide them aright 3699 

17 Church of New York — The city requests privilege of buying 

stone for prison off the Manor of Fordham — Granted.... 3700 

May 2 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Ulpiauus Van Sinderin — The 

Classis never regarded the call of Curtenius to Kings 
County, as exactly regular; but he has died — Classis dis- 
approves of Ritzema's holding back the IMinutes of Coetus 

of 1754 3700, 3701 

2 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Verbryck and Vrooman — 
Refers them to IMinutes of Synod of North Holland of July 
27, 1756 3701 



xlii Table of Contents. 

1756. PAGE. 

Nov. 27 An Act to repeal parts of several acts relating to raising 

funds for a College 3682 

Dec. 1 An act for appropriating the moneys raised for found- 

ing a College in this Colony — Only one-half devoted to the 
College; the other half towards building a Jail and Pest- 
House — Income from Duty on Excise — (See Nov. 6, 1754; 

June 12, 1755 ) 3682-3684 

G Rev. Jolin Ritzema to the Synod of North Holland — Request 
that Adrian Van der Swan may be ordained in America — 
(Letter a forgery; see Nov. 20, 1756, and Oct. 8, 

1759) 3684, 3685 

1757. 

Smith's Description of Trinity Church, New York 3685 

Jan. 1] Wm. Jackson examined for licensiue by Classis of Amster- 
dam — Rev. Le Febre installed over Church of Surinam — 
Letters from John Lott of Flatbush, of June 22, 1756; 
from Consistory of New York, of July 10, 1756; from the 
Coetus of New Yoi'k, (per Erickson and Leydt, ) of May 

30, 1755 — ^Answers approved 3686 

11 Acts of the Deputies — Letter from John Caspar Lupp of 
April 1, 1756 — His former life and labors — Emigration to 
America, and settlements; had been installed by Freling- 
huysen, at Amwell — Requests aid to be sent through 
Ritzema. 

Letter from Coetus of New York (per Revs. Verbryck 
and Vrooman) of Oct. 7, 1755 — Request permission to 
ordain Mauritius Goetschius and Henry Frelinghuysen — 

Reasons 3687, 3688 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. J. C. Lupp — Commends him, 

but cannot help him ^vith money 3688 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to John Lott and other Brethren in 

Kings County — Acknowledged as the legal Consistory, with 

Curtenius as their pastor — Exhortations to peace .... 3688, 3689 

11 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Erickson and Leydt (of the 

so-called Coetus) — Refuses permission for ordination of 

Mauritius Goetschius and Henry Frelinghuysen 3689 

29 Petition of the Old and Legal Consistory at Hackensack, 
against certain Seceders from their church — Schisms after 
the departure of Curtenius, under the leadership of Haeg- 
hoort — Irregular Consistories appointed — Action of the 
legal Consistory thereon, on May 21, 1755 — Efforts to 
secure a conference declined — Protest against Haeghoort's 
designs — The church forcibly entered — Matters reported 
to the Convention of May 29, 1755 — Special Coetus cites 
them to answer without avail — Committee of Coetus visits 
the field and disciplined Haeghoort and the schismatics — 
Nevertheless, the irregularly appointed Consistories in- 
stalled — Matters refei'red to Coetus of October, 1755 — 
Discipline ratified — Meeting of these schismatics at 



Table of Contents. xliii 

1757. PAGE. 

Paramus, Nov. 3, 1755, and discipline of Goetschiiis and 
regular Consistories — Nullification of this by Classis, 
January 1756 — Further acts of violence, and unlawful in- 
stallation of Schuyler in July, 1756 — Schuyler suspended 
by the Coetus, October, 1756 — But Classis has since nullified 
all the Acts on each side — Astonishment that the guilty 
are put on par with the innocent, and must meet in a com- 
mon Assembly — ^View of the Classis visionary — Appeal to 

Classis to stand by the Coetus 3689-3693 

Feb. 1 Rev. John H. Goetschius to the Classis of Amsterdam — 

Losses experienced by him, through the Classical removal 
of him from Long Island — His great need of books for his 
large familj^ and church members — Requests Classis to send 

him a box of books 3693 

April 4 William Jackson requests examination for ordination — 
Granted — Letter to Revs. De Ronde and Ritzema, ap- 
proved — Extracts read, from letters of Van Sinderin, of 
June 22, 1756; from the so-called Coetus of New York, of 
Oct. 7, 1756— The Deputati to answer these at their dis- 
cretion 3694 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York; to 
Revs. De Ronde and Ritzema — Classis will not answer in 
the spirit of their New York letter — No undue importance 
given to the Paramus Assembly of Nov. 3, 1755 — Greater 
prudence expected from the New Y'ork Consistory, which 
offered to mediate between the parties; but said Con- 
sistory could not be the judge — That Consistory should not 
have encouraged the destruction of the Coetus, but should 
have defended it, and have carried this business befoi'e it. 

Irregularity of said Consistory, according to their letter 
of Oct. 1, 1754, in releasing De Ronde from membership in 
the Coetus; largely responsible for the schisms — Urged to 
reunite with the Coetus — Classis caimot generally answer 
private letters — Exhortations to peace and unity 3694-3699 

4 Classis of Amsterdam to those constituting the Rightful 
Coetus — Acts of the SjTiod of North Holland for 1756, sent 
over — (See July 27, 1756) — Desire the Holy Spirit to 

guide them aright 3699 

17 Church of New York — The city requests privilege of buying 

stone for prison off the Manor of Fordham — Granted.... 3700 
May 2 Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Ulpianus Van Sinderin — The 
Classis never regarded the call of Curtenius to Kings 
County, as exactly regular; but lie has died — Classis dis- 
approves of Ritzema's holding back the ]\Iinutes of Coetus 
of 1754 3700, 3701 

2 Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Verbryck and Vrooman — 
Refers them to Minutes of Synod of North Holland of July 
27, 1756 3701 



xliv Table of Contexts. 

SECOND ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR JAMES DE LANCE Y. 
June 3, 1757 — August 4, 1760. 

1757. PAGE. 

June 6 Classis hears petition of Consistory of liackensack, etc., of 
Jan. 29, 1757, with letter of Rev. J. H. Goetschius of Feb. 

1 3702 

6 Classis of Amsterdani to the Churches of Hackensack and 
Schralenberg — Grieved over their strifes — Can do nothing 
while each rejects our advice — Cannot grant Goetschius' 
request for books 3702, 3703 

July 4 Church of New York urged by Revs. Mancius and Van 
Hoevenberg to take measures for a Classis in America — 
Advice excellent, but must decline — The letter and answer. 

3703, 3704 

July 26-Aug. 4 Synod of North Holland — Letter of Coetus of New l^ork 
of May 4, 1756 — A Coetus not sufficient to direct the wel- 
fare of the churches there — Desire for a Classis — Commis- 
sioner (Theodore Frelinghuysen ) had been appointed to 
visit this Synod, but has been delayed — Also a letter of 
Rev. John Leydt of June 23, 1756, concerning the im- 
portance of this business, as four or five ministers were 
misrepresenting matters — Synod can do nothing while the 
Classis of Amsterdam opposes it — Exhortation to corre- 
spond with that Classis and to maintain the Coetus. 

Letter also received from Saugerties of Nov. 20, 1756, 
asking that Van der Swan may be ordained in America 
for them — Another from Rev. Ritzema, of December, 1756, 
enforcing the same — Abstract of those letters given — 
Papers to be sent to Classis of Amsterdam — (These letters, 
forgeries) — New Y^ork to be niade a distinct Article from 
Pennsylvania in future Minutes of Synod. 

Rev. Wm. Jackson was ordained on April 4, 1757, as 
minister to Bergen and Staten Island 3704-3707 

Sept. 12 Church of New York— Rights in pews 3707 

Oct. 4 The Coetus, per Revs. Leydt and Marinus, to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Refusal to allow the ordination of M. Goet- 
schius for Stone Arabia, has caused the loss of that church 
to us — He was then called to Schoharie, and Henricus Fre- 
linghuysen had been called to Wawarsing, Rochester and 
Marbletown — Delay again would be dangerous — The Coetus 
represents the Presbytery of the Church, according to 
Scripture and our Churcli Order — Could not conscientiously 
refuse longer to qualify tliem — Classis cannot justly oppose 
our course — The meetings of the Coetus will continue to 
avoid anarchy, or that others should " lord it over God's 
heritage " — The Coetus follows the first Synod of Holland, 
( Wesel) , 1568 — Will gladly hear suggestions from Classis — 
P. S. : On accomit of delay in sending this letter, Classis 
is further notified that M. Goetschius has also been or- 
dained, at the earnest request of his churches — Articles 
30, 31, 32, on the Government of the Church 3708-3710 



Table of Contents. xlv 

1757. p^GE. 

Oct. 31 Church of New York — Manor and Church of Fordham — 

Boundaries 3710, 3711 

1758. 

Jan. 9, 29, Feb. 2 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham — Letters 

from Raritan — Sales of Farms on the Manor 3711, 3712 

March 14 Letters of Classis to New York and Surinam, approved 3712 

14 Classis of Amsterdam to the Regular Coetus of New York — 
Acts of Synod of 1757, (July 26), sent — Classis refuses 
permission to allow ordination of Van der Swan. . . .3712, 3713 

June 4 Church of New York — Consistory agreed to a collection for 

benefit of Van der Swan 3713 

16 Rev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam — His son 
Rudolphus Ritzema, about to graduate from Kings College, 
to go to Groningen Academy — Wretched condition of the 
Dutch churches in America — Partly apologizes for letters 
of October, 1754, and July, 1756 — Desires the restoration 
of the Coetus on the former footing — Hopes the Classis will 
urge this — Complaints of him and his friends are answered 
to the parties complained of, the Coetus — Hard for us to 
join an irregular Coetus — They must come to us — Theodore 
Frelinghuysen the cause of the irregularities — The Coetus 
acts independently of Classis, censuring the ordaining, M. 
Goetschius, Henricus Frelinghuysen, Jacob R. Harden- 
bergh — Illiterate ministers — Extempore preaching styled 
" Preaching of the Spirit " — Demands for independence — 
Asks Classis to send a Circular Letter to all the Churches, 
advising a Revision of the Rules of the Coetus, with sub- 
mission of important matters to Classis of Amsterdam. 

3713-3715 

July25-Aug. 3 Synod of North Holland— Much about Pennsylvania — 

New York affairs referred to the Classis of Amsterdam. . . 3715 

Sept 4 A candidate, Ulpianus Van Sinderin, appointed to India, asks 

for examination 3715 

11 Church of New York — Manor of Fordham 3715 

27 Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. Johnson 3716-3718 

Oct. 3 The Coetus, per Rev. John Leydt, to the Classis of Amster- 
dam — Cannot consider the question of intermitting our 
meetings — Not inclined to break off Correspondence with 
the Classis, unless compelled to — Special meeting in Spring 
of 1758, to qualify Jacob R. Hardenbergh for Raritan — 
Rev. Fryenmoet went to Raritan under pretext of fleeing 
from the public enemy— The old discontented ones wanted 
to call him — Almost a division, when he left for Livingston 
Manor — Ministers of New York encouraged the Sepa- 
ratists — Hope Hardenbergh may unite all — These Separat- 
ists, who have joined the Conferentie, are said to have 
sent to Holland for a minister — Union of Coetus and Con- 
ferentie still unaccomplished— Coetus has two candidates, 
Jacobus Van Nest and Johannes Barcolo — The former may 
go to Fishkill 3718-3720 



xlvi Table of Contents. 

1758. PAGE. 

Oct. 12 The Conferentie to the Classis of Amsterdam — Eight 
ministers have organized a Conference (Conferentie) to 
deliberate on Church affairs and communicate the same to 
the Classis of Amsterdam for advice — Had hoped the 
Classis would answer their former letter — Recognize no 
lawful Coetus since that of September, 1754 — Separated 
because of the imperious conduct of Rev. Theodore Freling- 
huysen, who formed a Classis and sought to establish an 
Academy — He, and his friends, are the cavise of all the 
troubles. 
. ■■ Tliey have censured ministers and consistories, and re- 

fused to annul such censures when ordered by the Classis 
of Amsterdam — They withhold the letters of the Classis — • 
They have invited us to join them, bvit they must come to 
us. 

They qualify candidates and ministers — Congregations 
are divided on the validity of these acts — They claim that, 
living under the British government, they cannot recog- 
nize the ecclesiastical authoritj' of another State — Families 
are divided — Submission to Holland is called popery — 
Reference to the Raritan division. 
, - The Classis is requested to disapprove of the Acts of the 

Coetus, and so to inform both factions — But ministers must 
be found to fill the vacancies — The Church should avail 
itself of the right to establish a Divinity Professorship in 
Kings College. 

A Classis is necessary here, and we await your favorable 
answer ; yet it should be under some restrictions to prevent 

the domineering of a mere majority! 3720-3724 

A letter to New Netherland was read 3724 

Church of New York — Establishment of a German Church 
under Rev. Abram Rosenkrantz 3724 



Nov. 


28 


Dec. 


20 


1759. 




Feb. 


12 


March 


6 




15 




20 


April 


1 



Church of New York— Manor of Fordham 3725 

Acts of the Deputies — A letter received from Jamaica, not 

to be answered 3726 

Church of New York— Manor of Fordliam 3726, 3727 

Rev. Dr. Johnson to Archbishop Seeker 3727-3729 

Church of New York — Adrian Van der Swan, Visitor of the 

Sick 3729 

2 Two letters, of Oct. 3 and Oct. 12, 1758, read to Classis, from 
New York — Classis to send Circular Letters to all the 
churches exhorting to peace and unity and to unite in a 

common Coetus ' 3730 

May 7 Circular Letter to all the churches in New Netherland, ap- 
proved 3730 

7 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York, and 
to the so-called Coetus — Acts of the Synod of North Hoi- 



Table of Contents. xlvii 

1759. PAGE. 

land of 1758, sent — Classis cannot act, on the letters sent, 
because of the irregularities — A Circular Letter sent to all 
with an exhortation to peace 3730, 3731 

May 7 The Classis of Amsterdam to all the Consistories of New 
York: Impossible for Classis to do anything, if her coun- 
sels are unheeded — Letters for America, contradictory — 
What advantage is there in discords ? Who is the author 
of strife? — Benefits of Unity — Difference, not in essentials, 
but only in external regulations — Classis does not desire 
to exercise lordship — Exhortation to look at the things of 
others 3731, 3732 

June 20 Call of Rev. John C. Rubel to Kings County 3732, 3733 

July 19 Archbishop Seeker to Rev. Dr. Johnson 3734 

23 Letter from Jamaica to Prof. Curtenius, returned 3734 

25 Dr. Johnson to Archbishop Seeker. 3734-3736 

July31-Aug. 9 Synod of North Holland — Much about Pennsylvania — 

Nothing about New York 3736 

Sept. ? Action of Coetus as to legality of the Consistory installed by 

Ritzema, and the call of Rev. Thos. Romeyn 3736, 3737 

27, 28 Church of New York— Manor of Fordham 3737, 3738 

Oct. 5 Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen to his wife, just before embark- 
ing for Holland — The will of Captain Symes — Writings 
between him and his wife — Abovit to depart for Holland, 
according to his vow — Directions to his wife 3738, 3739 

Oct. ? Mrs. Grant's account of the circumstances under which Rev. 

Tlieodore Frelinghuysen left Albany 3739-3744 

8 The Coetus of New York and New Jersey to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, per Rev. John Leydt — Ordination of Jacob 
Van Nest — Thanks for Acts of Synod of 1757 ; also a letter 
of March 14, 1758— Reference to request for Van der 
Swan's ordination — Same request had been denied by our 
Coetu>s — The letters forgeries — (See Dec. 6, 1756) . ..3744, 3745 
10 Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Low state of religion in Queens County 3745 

20 Rev. Dr. Johnson to Archbishop Seeker 3745, 3746 

Nov. 3 Certificate as to the request of the churches of Marbletown, 
etc., that Henry Frelinghuysen should be ordained in 
America— (See Oct. 4, 1757) 3746, 3747 

Nov. ? Church of New York — The Manor and the Harpending 

Grounds 3747 

Dec. 12 The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistory of New York — 

Acts of Synod, of 1759, sent them — Hopes for peace. .3747, 3748 
1760. 

Jan. 3, 10, 20 Church of New York — The Manor and the Harpending 
grounds — House for Van der Swan, Visitor of the Sick. 

3748, 3749 

March 13 Church of New York— The Manor 3749 

28 Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Sad state of religion in Queens County. .. .3749, 3750 



xlviii 



Table of Contents. 



1760. PAGE. 

April 14 Classis receives a letter from the Coetus, of Oct. 8, 1759 — 
Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen informed the Deputies of the 
two Synods, that the Coetus of New York desired to be no 
longer subject to the Classis of Amsterdam 3750 

May 5 Letter of the Classis to the Deputies of the two Synods, 

approved — Last letter of the Coetus to be returned to that 

body 3750 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Deputies of the Synods of 
North and South Holland — Have learned that Rev. Theo- 
dore Frelinghuysen has asserted that the Church in New 
York is no longer mlling to be subject to the Classis of 
Amsterdam — Brief review of the condition of afliairs in New 
York — Grief of Classis over the dissensions — Cannot en- 
dorse the plans of ordaining ministers there and establish- 
ing an Academy — Synod of North Holland, 1756, agrees 
therein — Classis is tired of this troublesome business — 

Suggests that the Deputies endorse this view 3751, 3752 

6 Proposition of the Conferentie to the Coetus, for Union, 

according to the exhortation of Classis — Conditions. . .3752, 3753 

6 Answer of the Coetus — Conditions inconsistent and im- 

possible 3753, 3754 

7 The Conferentie to the Classis of Amsterdam — Their pro- 

posals of Union — Result — Further efforts — Difficulties 
about discipline and ordinations — ^Attempted ^dndication 
of themselves — Conditions of the Coetus of Surinam — 
Abuse of book of Voetius on " Ecclesiastical Policy " — 
Claim not to be the disturbers of the peace — Peculiar con- 
duct of Haeghoort 3754-3758 

8 Church of New York — Sale of lots to the Moravians 3758 

June 2 Classis receives a letter from Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen 

in Rotterdam of May 14, 1760 3758 

29 Church of New York— The Harpending lots, etc 3758, 3759 

July 14 Church of New York — ^Letter received from Rev. Theodore 
Frelinghuysen in Holland, of Dec. 14, 1759 — Time too 
short to answer it — Complaint of the IVIinisters as to their 
salaries — ^Action of Consistory 3759-3761 

July 29-Aug. 7 Synod of North Holland — Much about Pennsylvania — 
Synod refuses to consider the request of Rev. Theodore 
Frelinghuysen, about an American Classis and Academy.. 3761 



ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT CADWALLADER COLDEN. 
August 4, 1760 — August 8, 1761. 
Aug. 12 Rev. John Leydt's Tractate on " True Liberty the Way to 

Peace " 3762-3792 

Sept. 1 Rev. Eliah Le Fevre receives his dismission from Para- 
maribo — Prof. Curtenius commits his book to the Faculty 

of Leyden for approval 3792 

Oct. 6 Classis receives letters from Colombo ; from the Coetus of 

New York and from the Conferentie of New York — Points 



Table of Contents. xlix 

1760. PAGE. 

of reply : To insist on reunion of the two parties ; that a 
majority vote must prevail, with right of appeal to Classis ; 
that the ordinations performed by the Coetus, though 
irregular, must be allowed, that examinations cannot be 
generally allowed, but may in extraordinary cases; but 
this not allowed until the two parties unite 3792, 379.3 

Oct. ? Acts of the Deputies — Extracts from a letter of Rev. Haeg- 

hoort of May 13, 1760 — Review of the efl'ort for Union on 
May 6, 1760— The Coetus favorable to Union— The Con- 
ferentie unreasonable — Hence his departure from that body. 
Extracts from a letter from the Coetus of June (May?) 
27, 1760— Review of the effort for Union on May 6, 1760— 
The Conferentie met without elders — Would not meet with 
the Coetus, but only with a Committee — Could not accept 
their unreasonable conditions — Haeghoort leaves the Con- 
ferentie. 

Extract from a letter of May 8, 1760 — (See Abstract, 

imder May 8, 1760) 3793-3799 

6 Rev. Samuel Seabury to the Society for Propagating the 

Gospel — Affairs more prosperous in Queens County 3799 

30 Church of New York — Building of a new house 3800 

Nov. 10 Dutch Church of Albany borrows from Poor Fund to pay 

expenses of minister 3800 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR GEORGE CLINTON 

(Continued). 

Sept. 2, 1743-Oct. 10, 1753. 

Olassis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

R-ev. Eggo Tonkens Van Iloevenberg to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

January 3, 1751. 

Portfolio "New York", Vol. i. 

To the Very Reverend and Very Learned Messrs., the Members of the Very Rever- 
end Classis of Amsterdam, to be delivered to Broviwerius Brouwer, Minister at 
Amsterdam on the Keizersgracht. 
Very Reverend .Sirs, Highly Esteemed Brethren:— 

Inasmuch as my entire salary in Surinam amounts to eighteen hundred carolus 
guilders, and I received during the years 17'12-48 not more than six hundred of that 
sort of guilders, per annum, and that only by begging for it, as is known to you, 
through your Committee ad res cxtrras: therefore, I think that for those years, 
thirty six hundred carolus guilders are still due me; and for the years '4S to '50, 
eighteen hundred guilders more, according to ecclesiastical laws. I have, therefore, 
endorsed two sight-drafts, drawn on Jean Guerin and Soni, wine merchants on 
the Heeren gracht, to the account of the (Surinam) Company. I hope that you 
will urge a speedy payment, and do justice to a minister, who, as a rebel, although 
the Consistory has no charge against me, was threatened with a stick by the 
Governor's Adjutant, Herschel, on coming once from the service of prayer. This 
I can prove by witnesses under oath, and the Consistory Minutes, which, however, 
were refused me, although I was living in a strange land and without a fixed posi- 
tion in the service of the Company of Surinam. Of Du Bois and his adherents, you 
have heai'd. I hope that you, who can get possession of these papers more easily 
than I can will give information to the Synod of North Holland and will also urge 
even on their High Mightinesses (the States General) the importance of speedy aid 
and justice: as well as upon the Lord Prince, the Hereditary Stadholdor.* In expec- 
tation of this, I sign myself, 

Very Reverend and Highly-learned Sirs, and Highly Esteemed Brethren, Your 
very humble servant and brother, 

Egsro Tonkens van Hoevenberg. 
Done at the Manor of Livingston, 

January 3, 1750, English Style. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Rer. E. T. Van Hoevenberg to the Classis of Amsterdam, 
January 3, 1751. 

(Portfolio "New York", Vol. i.) 

Vei-y Reverend Sirs, Highly Esteemed: — 

Inasmuch as the Lord Governor chased me, by bis creatures, out of Surinam, and 
that in a violent manner, although I was not under any ecclesiastical censure, 

*This official had be«n made Supreme Governor of the Bast and West Indies in 
1747. 



1751 



1751 



3148 Ecclesiastical Records 

neither was I provided witli a certificate from the Church: and a peace-contract 
(contract of settlement?) with the Governor was pilfered by the wild Negroes, (as is 

linown by the congregation'?) of New York therefore, my request is that 

the Rev. Glassis will kindly eee to it, that I, now in these strange regions, may 
obtain the payment of my salary, by the Society (of Surinam). Although, through 
the underhanded treatment of Du Bois, whom you justify in a letter to the Coetua, 
I am without a settlement, nevertheless I am ready to depart to Surinam, or any- 
where else,— to Smyrna or the East Indies, if Classis approve such a course. 

If the Society refuse payment, I request that you will complain to the Synod, and 
the Commissioners (of State in Synod); so that their High Mightinesses, through 
whom Brother Liege enjoys six hundred guilders per annum, may make some repara- 
tion, and I may enjoy my full salary, or the half of the eighteen hundred guilders, 
for the half of those years which have elapsed; for only through begging I have been 
paid, but only six hundred guilders each year. 

That such is the duty of Glassis, I do not need to teach it. 

I sent over a draft to my correspondent Jean Guerin living on the 

Bloemgracht, endorsed to him. 

Signed in haste, by your Rev. servant, 

E. T. Hoeveuberg. 
January 3, 1750-51. No. 13. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Peter de Wind. 

1751, Jan. 12th. Art. 11. Rev. Peter de Wind, candidate, 
called as minister to Bergen and Staten Island, in ISTew Nether- 
land, and furnished with complete certificates and documents for 
the call, requested to be examined, finally, and to be ordained. 
His request was granted. Afterward he was examined and found 
well qualified, and the instrimaent of the call was ordered to be 
inserted in the formulae-book. Quod factum. It was then recom- 
mended to the Quaestor, at the request of those churches, to make 
the costs as moderate as possible, xii. 225, 226. 

Depp, ad res Exteras. 

There were presented by the Deputies ad res Exteras, 

1. A letter from l^ew York, of August 10, 1750, signed by 
Revs, du Bois, Ritzema, and elder Lopkins. ? 

2. A letter of Sept. 14, 1750, in the name of the Coetus, signed 
by Revs, du Bois and Ritzema. 

3. Another letter, of August 8, 1750, signed by three, and as 
they say, in the name of all, the members of tlie Consistory on 
Long Island, in Kings County, who adhere to Arondeus. 



OF THE State of New York. 3149 

4. A letter from Queens County, August 10, 1750, (signed by) 
four members of the Consistory, in the name of all. 

5. A letter from Arondeus himself, of August 10, 1750. xii. 
230. 

Arondeus. 

The report (pre-advice) of the Deputies in these matters, as 
also the letters, were approved. 

N. B. The sentence against Arondeus, which should have been 
recorded here, is now to be found in the Classis (Acta) of Decem.- 
ber 5, 1751. xii. 230. 

Examination. 

Art. 18. Rev. Peter de Wind and Rev. Brukner having been 
examined, the former was admitted to the preaching office and 
ordained thereto, after he had signed the Formulae of Concord, 
and promised to help promote the Coetus, and to keep up cor- 
respondence with the Classis. The other, making objeetions to 
signing the Formulae, was given time till the next Classis, to 
ponder the matter maturely, in the fear of God. At the next 
Classis Rev. Coll van Sehelluyne must preside ex ordine. xii. 232. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

New York, particularly Arondeus. Judgment against Arondeus 
given, January 12, 1751. [Inserted here, at the proper place, 
but not recorded until Dec. 5, 1752.] 

1752, Dec. 5th. § 10 ad 13. The Rev. Depp, report that 
the judgement against Rev. Arondeus, rendered January 12, 
1751, was then neglected to be recorded, and was preserved by 
us only on a loose paper. The Classis thinks that it should now 
be spread on the minutes. This was done, and it is of the fol- 
lowing purport: 

The Classis of Amsterdam perceiving to its sorrow that all 
its efforts to remove the vehement (hoog gaande — high going) 
and scandalous disputes on Long Island between Revs. Arondeus 
and van Sinderen, with their respective adherents, are fruitless; 
and that all its admonitions to submit these disputes to the judge- 



1751 



1751 



3150 Ecclesiastical Records 

ment and decision of the Rev, Coetus of New York, liave been 
contemptuously rejected by Rev. Arondeus and his adherents; 
yea, also, learning from the communications of some who call 
themselves consistory-men that the letters "written in the name of 
the Classis for the above mentioned purposes, by its Committee 
on Foreign Affairs, were assailed in the most shameful and un- 
christian manner: — (The Classis, therefore) finds itself com- 
pelled to deliver its final sentence, according to the request here- 
tofore made by those of Long Island, as to which of these two 
men is the lawful minister there. The Classis confirmis the 
decision of the Rev. Coetus of New York in this business, and 
decides that Rev. van Sinderen is the lawful minister there, 
having been installed as such at the request of the consistory of 
those congregations. At the same time it decides that Rev. Aron- 
deus has again intruded himself as minister there in an illegal 
manner, after he had gone to Raritan, and after the regular 
installation of Rev. van Sinderen. 

Of this decision notice has been given to the Rev. Coetus of 
New York, that it may appear that the Classis has no other aim 
than the peace and welfare of those churches, and the mainte- 
nance of good order. It has, therefore, also given authority to 
said Coetus, if the Coetus deems it possible and advisable, to 
reinstate Rev. xlrondeus in the office on Long Island, as colleagiie 
of Rev. van Sinderen, if both parties will solemnly promise to 
conduct themselves according to such Articles of Peace and Order, 
as the said Coetus shall consider most salutary to prescribe to 
them. In such case the Rev. Arondeus would have to be newly 
and regularly called there under the supervision of the Rev. 
Coetus, or a committee of the same appointed for that purpose. 
But if this last m^eans of pacification be rejected, the Classis will 
consider Rev. Arondeus as disqualified to administer the Word 
and Sacraments in the Dutch churches on Long Island, from the 
time that this judgement of Classis is received. 

Thus done in Classis,' assembled at Amsterdam, this 12th of 
January 1751. xii. 313-315. 



OF THE State of New York. SlSl 

Church of ISTfiw York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

New York, Feb. 18, 1751. 
Consistoiy held. After calling on God's name, the Committee on the Manor were 
authorized to consult with men learned in the law, and if necessary to emplo.y them. 

J. Rltzema. 

Classis of Amsterdam, 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of New York, March 2, 
1751. Vol. 30, No. 118, page 196. 

Rev. Sirs and Beloved Brethren in the Lord:— 

Besides the letters sent by Rev. Mr. Du Bois with the candidate De Wind, who 
was examined to-day and ordained as pastor of the church of Bergen in Staten 
Island (Bergen and Staten Island), there have also come to hand your honored 
letters of August 10th and September 14th of the preceding year, (1750.) The first of 
these was by the hand of Mr. Klopper, who has intelligently, and in a courteous 
manner, given us no little light toward our better understanding of the sad condi- 
tion of things on Long Island. Oh that the Spirit of the Lord might dwell in the 
ministers and members of the churches on that island! What a happy and beneficial 
condition of affairs might we then hope for there! We notice with real sorrow, from 
your letter of September 14th, that all your attempts to restore peace among the 
disputants there have been fruitless; that the passions of Rev. Arondeus and his 
adherents became more furious than ever — even like the raging sea; and that the 
Coetus at length felt compelled to declare that Rev. Arondeus is not a lawful pastoi 
in King's County, but that Rev. Van Sinderen alone is such. Our Assembly having 
already given to your Rev. Assembly the final disposition of this case, and having 
been further informed of the untractable conduct of these parties, sees no reason 
why the sentence of the Coetus should not be approved. It therefore hereby con- 
firms it. Two certificates to this effect, by request, accompany this letter, which 
certificates will be sent to you by different routes. The substance of them is virtu- 
ally expressed in this letter, and may also be seen in the Book of the Classis under 
date of January 12, 1741 [1751]. We hope you will take care to let Arondeus and his 
friends know of this our sentence; and that the churches of King's County be also 
informed that we consider Arondeus as having illegally intruded himself into the 
pastorate there, to which Van Sinderen was legally ordained and sent by us. 

And what further can we say. Rev. Brethren? We greatly fear that by this deci- 
sion, the desired calming of the passions, so greatly excited, will by no means be 
secured. Their letter which has come into our hands, (deserving only execration 
because of its unchristian expressions in reference to Rev. Rltzema,) and other 
reports which we have heard, leave us no room to doubt as to the result. Neither do 
we think that your suggestion that our Assembly should impose a general silentium 
on Arondeus in all your regions, would be effectual to that end. Wherefore we sug- 
gest to your consideration whether some plan cannot be hit upon, so that, while 
holding the decision of the Coetus to be in every M'ay legal and reasonable, yet, 
before it take final effect to make one last effort to heal this distressing schism. 

Could you not let Arondeus and his friends know that the Classis had approved 
and confirmed the sentence of Coetus against him; yet, out of respect to our friendly 
counsel, you were willing again, but for the last time, to ask them whether they 
would not listen to advice, and secure a brotherly reconciliation, such as might be 
suggested, upon reasonable and Christian terms? In such reconciliation we do not 
understand that all the yielding should be done only by Arondeus. No, indeed. We 
learn to our grief that Van Sinderen is also worthy of censure in several respects; 
that he, with his party, has acted far from that prudent modesty which bec-ame a 
Ohiistian, much more a Christian minister; that he has abundant reason to confess 
his faults both before God and men. He ought also to make an effort after recon- 



1751 



3152 EccLEsiASTicAiv Records 

ciliation because of exasperating conduct towaid his brother, even mocking his public 
services, as well as for indolence in his own duties of the sacred ministry. 

If these parties could be reconciled in some such way, the Goetus would maintain 
its self-respect, and we all could rejoice together. But should such an attempt fail, 
the sentence of Coetus must then go into effect, and the churches of King's County 
be warned henceforth to recognize only the Rev. Van Sinderen as their lawful 
pastor. Yet this should be done in such a way, we think, that Van Sinderen ought 
also to be admonished in a brotherly and earnest way, not to pride himself upon a 
victory achieved; but rather that he should seek to win back to himself those whose 
feelings he has wounded, by friendly and loving conduct; and that he lay the work 
of the Gospel more to heart; that he become a proper example to the flock in doc- 
trine and in conduct. But if he continue to grieve our Assembly we shall have to 
advise Goetus to deal also with him according to ecclesiastical requirements. 

If peace be effected, then whatever has been illegal in the services of Rev. Aron- 
deus, may, perhaps, be ratiiied, especially if he were then regularly called. Then 
might we live in hopes of seeing the longed-for end of these unpleasant quarrels 
among the Long Islanders, and which have cost us so much trouble aud anxiety. 
Then also might they who have misrepresented the Coetus as well as ourselves find 
reason to thank us; and instead of cursing, to bless us. 

The letter which was sent to us by the Consistory of Rev. Arondeus, not only with 
his knowledge but also certainly not without his direction, and which deserved 
nothing but contempt, has, nevertheless been answered by us, lest those people 
might be wise in their own eyes. In that letter we also inserted our resolution, 
touching the sentence of Rev. Coetus upon Arondeus, and the only way of saving 
himself. We also send you the original manuscript from King's County for which 
you asked us, supposing it might be of some use with those mischievous persons. 

We have nothing further to add except to declare that we all wished that Rev. 
P. De Wint had given better proofs in his examination of having his senses exer- 
cised in the word of righteousness. All the members of our Assembly were very 
sorry that he possessed so little knowledge of the doctrines of the truth. If matters 
had not already advanced as far as the.y had, no one could have conscientiously have 
admitted him to the ministry of the word for the congregations which had called 
him. We have seriously admonished him, with prayer for God's blessing to stir up 
his gifts and increase them. We trust that the Rev. Brethren of the Goetus, to 
which he has promised to join himself, will add their admonitions to ours, to the 
end that he may become, under God's blessing, an able instrument for the extension 
of his kingdom. 

We herewith commend you to the grace of God. We beseech him to bestow his 
precious blessing in large measure upon your persons and your sacred ministry, to 
his own glory, and the salvation of many souls. We remain, 

Signed as before. 
Amsterdam, March 2 1751. 

[Many letters, to different colonies, of the same date, are recorded, without 
repeating the official signature in the Record Book.l 

Classis of Amstekdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Arondeus, March 2nd, 1751. 

Vol. 30, No. 120, pa^e 209. 

To Rev. Mr. Arondeus with the Consistories of Kings and Queens 

Counties subordinate to him : 
Reverend Sir and Brethren : — 

The letter addressed by you to Mr. Kloppert has been given 
to us by his Reverence. He has also given us verbal information 



OF THE State op New York. 3153 

of tjbe condition of affairs on Long island and the mournful 
divisions which there prevail. Such facts grieved us most deeply. 
We could hardly believe that the feelings of Christians, the fol- 
loAvers of the meek and lowly Jesus, could show so much bitter- 
ness to one another. How deplorable are such actions according 
to the judgement of every one not altogether devoid of a sense of 
propriety. In previous letters to you we have earnestly and 
frankly informed you wherein we considered you in the wrong, 
and what we deemed necessary for the restoration of peace. 
Little did we imagine that our letters would cause such a wicked 
excitement of passion as we have learned from your letter. We 
are not inclined to answer you as your writing deserves, but will 
only say that toi write such a letter was a great mistake; for 
therein you assault one of our Deputies in particular, stabbing 
him savagely because of his happening to be the penman, and 
even offer his Reverence a challenge, which makes one's hairs 
stand up on his head at the hearing of it. 

You must know that a letter is never sent by our Deputies 
imtil it has been read and approved by our Assembly. This was 
the case witli this letter which has so greatly excited you. Ac- 
cordingly it was our letter, and those were our expressions, and 
not tJiose of any separate individual of the Deputies. The writer 
was simply the agent of our Assembly and charged by us to send 
that letter. He has, therefore, great reason to complain before 
God of the bitterness manifested against him personally. He is, 
however, far from wishing to requite the want of charity shown 
him, but on the other hand beseedies the Savior, Lay not this 
sin to their charge, for they know not what they do. 

Neither have we any reason to depart from our former opinion 
about the necessity of a Coetus, T^dthout, at present, going into 
minute reasons therefor. But we may not neglect to inform 
you by this opportunity, that this Coetus, before which you did 
not choose to appear, (as is evident from the note of Rev. Aron- 
deus to Rev. Ritzema, written with few marks of propriety,) 
has notiiied us, that it, at length, was obliged to make declaration 



1751 



3154 Ecclesiastical Records 

1751 

that it recognized as lawful pastor not Rev. Arondeus but Itev. 
Van Sinderen. It has also requested us if we found this sen- 
tence lawful, to approve and confirm the same. This we have 
unanimously done. Therefore your Reverence (we address now 
especially Rev. Arondeus,) is again declared to have been called 
and to have entered upon the services of the church in King's 
County in an unlawful manner; that Rev. Van Sinderen, who 
was sent there by us, upon the request of the Consistory there 
(the written original of which request is carefully preserved by 
us,) is alone the lawful pastor, and according to the promises 
made in that document can justly require of his congregation 
what was therein promised him. We are far from approving 
the wicked mistakes into which he and his adherents have fallen, 
and we will not neglect to admonish them therefor. But these, 
even were they as heinous as your letter paints them, could not, 
destroy the lawfulness of his call and commission by us, nor 
make the call of your Reverence lawful. But it is not our pur- 
pose, Mr. Arondeus, to ruin you, nor to intensify, by this our 
declaration, the schism already in the church. We do not wish 
to make the bitterness of feeling any greater. ISTo, indeed. Our 
aims are only those of lovers of peace, who truly desire the 
preservation of yourself as well as of the congregation. May 
our present counsel, therefore, be acceptable to you and those 
who sustain you, for it will be our last. It is never too late to 
make peace. But they who would forswear peace and refuse it 
are greatly to be pitied, and if they persevere therein will after- 
ward have to hear the consequences. 

Determine, therefore. Reverend Sir and Brethren, to come to 
terms of peace with Rev. Mr. Van Sinderen and his friends. 
Do not willfully and obstinately refuse subordination to the 
Coetus, nor to ourselves, for we committed the management of 
affairs to the Coetus. Yet we have, after the declaration of 
their sentence, earnestly requested them still to labor for the 
effecting of a fraternal peace. If something is lacking in your 
present call, (for we must continue to believe that it was not in 



OF THE State of New York. 3155 

proper form after the return from the Raretans), it can be here- 
after amended. We will also, after you have been reconciled to 
Rev. Van Sinderen, and received a lawful call, make no objec- 
tions to recognize you as co-pastor with him. How much pleaa- 
anter it would be, if both of you could labor in harmony! Then 
would the congregations also, after your example, live in peace, 
and further offences be prevented. 

We can only now commit the matter unto Him in whose hands 
are the hearts of all men, and who is able to turn yours in a way 
which shall be pleasing to Him. We have satisfied our consciences 
by these efforts of ours. We trust that you will lovingly follow 
our advice, that we, with you, may hereafter with confidence 
stand before the Son of Man, w^hen he shall come and bring to 
light the hidden things of darkness, even the counsels of the 
heart. Concluding with such wishes, we subscribe ourselves. 

Signed as before. 
Amsterdam, 

March 2, 1751. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Surinam, 'New York and Pennsylvania. 

1751, April 5th. Art. 6. 1. The Committee ad res Exteras 
received a letter from Surinam, signed August 3, 1750, with the 
Acta of the Conventus. An extract from said Acta was read by 
them, as well as their report, (pre-advice), and drafts of letters 
prepared by them as a reply (to be sent) thither. The first was 
addressed to the Conventus of Surinam ; the other was to be 
imderstood as an appendix, clearing up a certain matter that had 
come up subsequently. . The Rev. Assembly gladly allowed these 
letters to be approved, and despatched. 

2. A letter also had arrived from ISTew York, signed (by) Rev. 
du Bois August 14, 1750, together with accounts of excessive 
maltreatment of Rev. Schlatter at Philadelphia. His enemies 
had dismissed him, and called Rev. Steiner as pastor in his place. 
With this came also the Acta of the Coetus (of ISTew York). 



1751 



1751 



3156 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. At the next Classis further report will be given as also of 
a letter from Kingston, of April 26, 1750, as well as of another 
letter, to be Avritten to Rev. Schlatter, xii. 235. 



O1.ASSIS OF Amsteeodam. 

Correspondence from America. 

Eev. Theodore Frelinghuysen, of Albany, to Rev. Cla&sis of 
Amsterdam, May 1, 1751. 

Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. 

Extracts in Vol. xxxiii, 247 ; and Reference in Vol. xxiv, 12. 

Addressed: To the Very Reverend and Highly-learned Messrs., the Members of the 

High Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: 
Very Reverend Highly-learned Sirs and Brethren, The Members of the High Rever- 
end Classis of Amsterdam: 

The great esteem and reverence vphich I ever feel towards the High Rev. Classis, 
compels me to make the profession which I herewith do, of the gratitude which I 
owe you, for the favorable compliances which you have granted to my various 
humble requests. These have been made by one who will always endeavor with the 
most hearty desire and with the greatest circumspection, to be one of the most sub- 
missive and obedient servants of the High Rev. Classis. Therefore it was with this 
end in view, that I, from time to time, although with but little fruit, have exerted 
myself to the utmost, to make the business of the Rev. Coetus acceptable to the 
Consistory of Albany: but I am now almost in despair of ever being able to succeed, 
unless a great change in tbeir feelings should occur. 

From my very heart do I express my gratitude for the order which the High Rev. 
Classis has been pleased to give for the ordination of Mr. Samuel Verbryck. I do 
this not on my own account, but on account of the benefits which Zion will obtain 
through him. For some time already he has labored in the Lord's harvest in the 
Church of Tappan. He has done this diligently, v.atchfully, faithfully, and not 
without a blessing. 

It was, therefore, not without pain, that I found in the letter of High Rev. 
Classis, wherewith I have been honored the following:— "that the manner in which 
T requested that the Classis would be pleased to give ordei"s for the examination and 
ordination of that gentleman, and the arguments iised by me to strengthen that 
request, appeared questionable to the High Rev. Classis." If the reasons for this 
" questionableness " had been mentioned, I might have been able with more success, 
to remove the ground for the same: with more success than I can now do, by merely 
declaring, that I had no idea of writing to Classis at all about this matter, until Mr. 
Verbryck informed me by a letter, that the Rev. Coetus did not wish to write unless 
I also wrote. This letter I received just as the yacht, that sails between Albany 
and New York, was about to depart, and which could barely catch the ship at New 
York. I must therefore confess that I wrote this letter for Mr. Verbryck in the 
greatest haste, and with some displeasure; nevertheless I am not con.scious that I 
had any other end in view than the prosperity of Zion. 

The Classis have been pleased to express itself, that it will not again easily con- 
sent to an ordination in this country. For this reason, three young men, whom 
according to my ability I have instructed in the languages, philosophy and theology, 
are about undertaking the voyage to Europe, in order to be examined and ordained 
by the Classis itself. Of their qualifications, the Classis itself will be better able to 



OF THE State of New York. 3157 

judge, than it would become mc, to describe the same. These young Nazarenes 
are the last, so far as I know, of those who have studied with any success in this 
land. They have a good testimony from all, and are very earnestly desired by the 
churches which have called them. To these churches the Classis will render a great 
favor by their consecration to the Sacred Ministry. On their own declaration, they 
will always acknowledge the Classis with thankful hearts. The same will he also 
do, who with all humility rejoices that he was permitted in any way to assist in the 
preparation of these young sons of the prophets for the Sacred Ministry; and who, 
with the most reverential offer of service, and with the wish for a blessing on the 
High Rev. Classis, subscribs himself. 

Very Reverend and Highly-learned Sirs and Brethren, Your Very Reverends' and 
Highly-learneds' Very submissive and ever willing servant and brother, 

Theodorus Frieliughuyseu. 
Albany, May 1. 

No. 153. 
Received, July 3, 1751. 

Extracts in Vol. xxxiii, 24 Y ; and Reference in Vol. xxiv, 12. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstekjdam. 

Rev. ]^. Hormiiis (or Wormius ?) 

1751, May 3rd. Art. 3. He requests to go as minister to 
New Netherland. He was directed to report himself to our Depp. 
ad res Exteras, so that the same may send his address to Revs. 
Depp. Utriusque Synodi. xii. 236. 

Letters from Abroad and for Aboard. 

1751, May 3rd. Art. 7. The letters from New York and 
Kingston, mentioned April 5th, were now read, in extracts, ae 
also the replies to the same. The latter were approved, and are 
to he forwarded. 

At this same time it was reported in a letter from Rev. Wynstok 
of Harderwyk, that P. de Wind, examined here recently for 
ordination, and installed as minister on Staten Island (and Ber- 
gen), was not really a candidate at all, and had therefore exhib- 
ited forged certificates to the Coetus of New York. The Coetus 
sent to our Classis only a copy of these certificates. Therefore it 
was resolved to communicate further with Rev. Wynstok in refer- 
ence to the time and the dociunents which are mentioned in these 
copies. On receiving perfect certainty from him concerning these 
forgeries, the Coetus of New York will be immediately cautioned 
to attend to this piece of rascality with all earnestness and pru- 
dence, and to take care that they get possession of these forged 
documents, and send them over to Classis. xii. 237. 



1751 



1751 



3158 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondenoe. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of jSTew York, May 3, 

1751. Vol. 30, page 205, ]^o. 123. 

To the Rev. Coetus of New York: 

Reverend, Godly and Learned Gentlemen and Beloved Brethren:— 

A copy of the Acts of your Rev. Coetus, held Sept. 11, 1750, and following days, 
same safely to hand. We heartily thank you for your friendly and fraternal com- 
munication. We hope that these ecclesiastical gatherings of yours may be con- 
tinued, and that the Rev. members although most of them must undertake a long 
and difficult journey, as the agreeable letter of Revs. Ritzema and Du Bois accom- 
panying these Acts inform us — will not allow themselves to be deterred from attend- 
ing these Meetings. The.v can console tliemselves for all their trouble by the profit 
which may be anticipated, as we believe from such fraternal gatherings. We trust 
also that the Lord may command his blessing upon them, which may each of the 
brethren experience as well as the greater blessing of Eternal Life. 

The report which was made to us by our Deputati ad Res Exteras cothcerning the 
Acts of the Coetus, as well as the peace and unanimity existing among all the mem- 
bers, was heard by us with much satisfaction and joy. What we shall take the 
liberty to remark thereon need be very little. 

We trust that our approbation of your decision in the case of Rev. Arondeus has 
already reached you. We are also anxious to learn that our ratification of your deci- 
sion has had a proper effect upon said minister, cum suis, so that he has come to a 
better mind. May the business be put in such a shape, according to Church Order 
that the unpleasant divisions may fully come to an end. 

The case is not very clear to us regarding the exact position of the members of 
the Consistory of Oyster Bay, who were ordained by Rev. Goetschius. We think 
that this ordination was performed by his Reverence upon an order received from 
the Coetus. We therefore suppose that the Coetus has acknowledged the legality 
of their election and ordination. This, however, is not quite certain from the 
Minutes, but we trust that the matter is not of much importance. 

The Rev. Van Hoevenberg has been properly dealt with. He is an unfortunate 
individual who deserves pity rather than censure. Yet his conduct in many things, 
as well as toward ns, was of such a kind as to excite just displeasure. He com- 
plains greatly to us about his maltreatment in New York, especially in reference 
to the annulling of his call. But we have good reasons for refusing to be troubled 
any further about him. 

Your acts in reference to Tappan, your decisions in the case of Muzelius, the 
completed examination of Verbryck with his ordination amd installation, have all 
met with our entire approbation. We trust that with God's blessing he may 
greatly edify that people by his teachings and example. 

We next notice that your Rev. Meeting has declared the conduct of John Van 
Driessen to have been very dishonorable, especially that he should have declared 
that he was reconciled to the Coetus, according to what appears in a certain letter. 
The letter of Revs. Ritzema and Du Bois give us additional information about him: 
"He does not belong to the Dutch Church; his extraordinary conduct is known 
everywhere," etc. All this we confidently assume as true, without being able just 
at present to examine our old Retro-Acta. We doubt not, however, that the Breth- 
ren do well and act in a Christian spirit, to keep a sharp lookout on him, following 
up the warnings given to us long ago. 

But let not the Rev. Assembly be offended when we say that we cannot reconcile 
matters in our mind, under these circumstances, with the fact that Rev. Goetschius 
annulled the censure put by the Consistory of Kingston upon certain members at 
(New) Paltz for their stubborn adherence to Van Driessen by administering the 
Lord's Supper to them. This was reported to us by way of complaint by parties in 
Kingston. Rev. Goetschius, who is a member of Coetus, must have done this, as we 
suppose, according to the required qualifications. Of this, however, nothing was 



OF THE State of New York. 3159 

represented to us. Neither do we observe that his Reverence has received any cor- 
rection therefor in Coetus. Yet we cannot suppose that Rev. Mancins and his Con- 
sistoi-y would have told such a thing if it had not happened. If Mr. John Van 
Driessen, according to former intimations, is a man to be avoided; if his conduct is 
unworthy and offensive; then certainly a censure put upon a class of people who 
pay no attention to warnings, and obstinately persist in adhering to such a man, 
cannot be considered unlawful. Nevertheless, the Rev. Goetschius has virtually 
declared this censure null and void by administering the Lord's Supper to those 
under such a censure. Yet this appears quite incomprehensible to us. And we say 
this the more strongly, because the three reasoais given by the church of Kingston 
to Rev. Ritzema, to prove that the Paltz belongs to that congregation, seem to us 
not at all unacceptable. 

We could have wished that the Rev. Goetus had not left the decisive judgement 
upon a matter of such importance, viz., as to whether the Paltz did or did not 
belong unto Kingston, to one person only; aaid also had not given him the right to 
act, according to his own pleasure, without further consultation with the Goetus, 
and to this end, giving him not a copy of the reasons alleged, but the entire letter 
of the Rev. Mancius. The matter seems to us to be very uncertain. It seems unrea- 
sonable that the Paltz, because of its growing population as well as its distance from 
Kingston, should [not?] have a pastor of its own, if such is desired. But you can 
easily understand that such a schism as was begun there by John Van Driessen, 
and which seems to have been countenanced by Rev. Goetschius, is by no means in 
harmony with Ghurch Order, and does not deserve to be commended. We trust, 
therefore that your Rev. Goetus, within the bounds of Ghristian prudence, will 
remove the reasons of complaint by Kingston, if such reasons are well founded; 
otherwise those brethren will only be encouraged by Goetus in their persistent, and 
to us, painful opposition. 

We have also another matter of importance to refer to, viz., what we have learned 
about P. De Wind, after his departure from us. We prefer, however, to present 
this in Rev. Wynstok's own words. He is pastor at Harderwyk, and we send you 
a copy of his letter, which will astonish you not a little, as it did us. Prom it we 
perceived with deep anguish of soul that it is only too probable that both yourselves 
ajnd ourselves have been basely deceived by him. We hope that the letter sent sub- 
sequently by Mr. Kloppert arrived in time to prevent the installation of such a man, 
and that you will have the opportunity to bring him to a stern account. By no 
means permit his installation, until the truth or falsehood of the suspicions against 
him shall have further appeared to us. It would be a matter of gravest momeht, 
Brethren, if one should be able to press himself into the ministry of the Gospel by 
means of forged certificates. 

May God give you all needed wisdom and prudence In this case, to combine a holy 
zeal in preventing such a crime, with that caution, so necessary to guard the Church 
of Christ from Injury in those distant regions. We conclude with the wish and 
prayer for all grace to rest on your Reverences, esteemed by us, and upon your 
Sacred Ministry. 

We remain, 

Signed as before. 
In our Assembly, 
May 3, 1751. 
P. S.— We request you, if possible, to obtain the original certificates of Rev. P. 
De Wind, and to send them to us. Rev. Harderwyk has promised to send us 
authentic copies of the Acts of the Classis of Neder Veluwe, amd a further report 
with information in reference to P. De Wind. When we receive them, we will also 
send them to you. 

Postscript. 

Resolutions of the Classis of Neder Veluwe, May 12, 1751, 
concerning Peter De Wind, Vol. 30, page 207, No. 137. 

Article 47. Strict Examinations: 

It was represented to this Meeting, that in the Journal of January 1751, it was 
reported that a certain Peter De Wind was pcremptoir examined by the Rev. Classis 



1751 



1751 



5160 Ecclesiastical Records 

of Amsterdam, havinj? been called as pastor to Bergen and Staten Island in New 
Nethei'land, and that he had been sent thither. This De Wind is described as a can- 
didate in the Classis of Neder Veluwe. Not only this circumstance was a matter of 
surprise to this Assembly, but there was also received a letter from Rev. John Van 
der Vorm, a pastor at Amsterdam and one of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, 
wherein it was stated that De Wind also presented to the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam, a copy of a church certificate from Rev. Peter Wynstok, pastor at Harderwyk, 
under the assumed date of Feb. 26, 1749. But this De Wind has never been known 
as a member by the Consistory of Harderwyk, nor has he ever even communicated 
with them; much less has Rev. Wynstok ever handed him a certificate to that effect. 
It is, moreover, stated in said letter, that on Feb. 14, 1749, he was furnished with his 
Testimonium Examinis et Admissionis, as candidate, by Rev. Alexander Medenbach, 
Clerk of our Classis. Our Assembly, having learned all these things with great sur- 
prise; and having deliberated as to its course of action in order to counteract such 
evil conduct whereby the Classis of Amsterdam has been so sadly imposed on, while 
a notorious falsehood has been practiced upon the Classis of Neder Veluwe; is unani- 
mously of the opinion that these circumstances should all be entered upon our 
Journal; viz.. That Peter De Wind has never been known by the Rev. Classis of 
Neder Veluwe, much less examined or admitted as a candidate, according to the 
statement made in our Journal, by report, iu Jan. 1751; and that a copy of our action 
be sent to Rev. Van der Vorm, for the use of the Classis of Amsterdam, or its Com- 
mittee on Foreign Affairs. 
That this copy agrees substantially with the original, I testify, 

Theodorus Floor, V. D. M. at Heerde, and Scribe 
of the Classis of Neder Veluwe, haetempore. 
Collata concordant 

Quod attestor 

James Tyken, Dep. CI. Amst. p. t. Scriba. 
Heerde, 

May, 12, 1751. 

Olassis OF Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondenoe. 

May 3, 1751. The Classis of Amsterdam to the Worthy Con- 
sistory of Kingston. Vol. 30, !N'o. 124, page 209. 

Rev. Sir, Beloved Brother; and the other members of Consistory: 
Worthy Men and Brethren:— 

From the two letters addressed by you to us, the one of April 26, and the other of 
Dec. 10, 1750, we perceive that various complaints are made to us, particularly con- 
cerning the conduct of Rev. Goetschius at the Pals, (New Paltz,) and of the action 
of Coetus concerning the Consistory of Kingston. (You say) that the former, (Goet- 
schius) has administered the Lord's Supper at the Pals, to those who had been cen- 
sured for their stubborn adherence to John Van Driessen; that he (Goetschius?) 
avowed that he did this by order of Coetus; that Coetus itself, without explaining 
the reason, why the Pals, being neutral, should belong to Kingston, had given the 
letter, (written by your Reverence to Rev. Ritzema) to the Pals, by Rev. Freimoeth, 
who instituted and ordained a Consistory there, etc., etc.— Now you request of us a 
decisive answer and judgment upon three different matters, with the threat that 
you will otherwise go to Synod, and present the matter for decision there. You give 
also three reasons why you, the same, continue to refuse submission to Coetus, 
while you desire to remain directly subordinate to us. 

We are very sorry to hear continually of these unpleasant relations, persistent and 
growing more aggravated, between you and the Coetus. We, indeed, must acknowl- 
edge that the conduct of Rev. Goetschius, as represented to us by you, does not 
seem to be at all commendable. The three reasons presented by you to prove the 
dependence of the Pals upon Kingston, are very agreeable to us; but we do not 
know but that on the other hand, something might be adduced which would weaken 
these arguments. 



OF THE State of New York. 3161 

The Coetus, (as there was no one present to represent the Pnls,) gave the letter 
containing these reasons to Rev. Freienmoeth, and commissioned him, (if he should 
find that the Pals was an independent congregation, and not subject to Rev. Man- 
cins), to provide the same with a lawful Consistoi-y. This he did, according to .vour 
letter— Although, Indeed, there is in this transaction something which we do not 
commend, as it is represented to us; yet we can pronounce no decisive judgment 
upon the same until we shall have heard what may be said by the other side in 
defence— Justice requires this— Therefore we request you to give us time to await 
the answer of Coetus to our letter to them, lest the Coetus should also have reason 
of complaint against us. 

We notice with satisfaction, that the Consistory of Kingston is not unwilling to 
allow the Pals to separate, when the same may be brought about according to 
Church-Order. We are also verbally informed that the distance between the two 
places, together with the growth of the Pals, render such separation necessary. 
Wherefore we hope there may be found a way for removing the estrangement which 
has arisen through occasion of this (proposition to separate), and that we may give 
you such satisfaction as may be proper. 

Nevertheless we 'can (not) omit to say that it is our opinion, that this unpleasant- 
ness would never have arisen, or at least would have been greatly mitigated, if you 
had heeded our former admonitions, and not persistentl.v set yourselves in opposi- 
tion to Coetus, but had united therewith. It is difficult also for ns to comprehend 
how this refusal can be consistent with your yet repeated profession of esteem and 
subordination to us. We wish that we had seen the proofs of said profession, or 
that we may yet see the same in your compliance with what we consider our well- 
founded wishes in the matter. 

We think that we can see great benefit from the plan suggested. It would cer- 
tainly facilitate matters when complaints were made against a private person, to 
have them presented for decision before those who could best decide them. For an 
appeal to our Classis, in case of a supposed grievance, always remains open. 

If you had a better understanding of the manifold troubles that we have had with 
foreign churches, (especially should each one of them desire to deal with us sepa- 
rately), we would not now be ti-oubled with your request that you might have deal- 
ings only with us, (the Classis), and be permitted to have nothing to do with Coetus. 

Thus, so far as we remember, we have touched upon and replied to the principal 
topics of your letter, k\ proof that we have (not) lost you out of our eye or heart, 
however difficult such a separate correspondence may be to us. And although we 
are greatly interested in maintaining the Coetus, nevertheless we would dislike to 
see a Consistory which is not subordinate to the same, have any just cause of com- 
plaint against it. We now conchide, praying that the Supreme may multiply his 
blessings upon your persons and ministry; yea, may he make his favor constant to 
length of days, even to eternity. 

We remain. 



1751 



In our Meeting, 

May 3, 1751. 



(Signed as above.) 



Moravian Church in ISTew York. May 23, 1751. 

May it please your Excellency 

We Deputies of the Unitas Fratrum his Majestys Dutifull and Loyal! Subjects 
being duely Sensible of the freedom and Liberty of Conscience we Enjoy under the 
Government of so good and mild a King as also under the Government of your 
Excellency Hereby beg Leave to acquaint you of our Intention of Building a Church 
in this City for the publick Worship of God, in which we Humbly hope for your 
Excellency's Fatherly Care and Protection. 
We are your Excellency's Dutifull Humble Servants, 

Owen Rice 

Rudolphua Van Dyck. 
New York May 23rd, 1751. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. pp. 621, C22. 



3162 



Ecclesiastical Records 



1751 



[John Aemilius Wernig [Wekjstich]. 

Statement of the Churches of the " Eiver " (Mohawk) and " Stone 
Arabia." July 14, 1751. (Original in German.) 

We, the undersigned of the united Consistory of the River and 
Stx>ne Arabia, do hereby declare that, having repeatedly examined 
and made ourselves acquainted with the papers of our Pastor, we 
acknowledge him, and consider him worthy of his office, and to 
indicate our satisfaction, we subscribe this with our own hands. 

Stein Rabien, (Stone Arabia.) 



July 14, 1751. 
Peter Lutz 
Johannes Schnell 
Henrich Fehling 
Johann Jost Schnell 
Severinus Deigert 
Wilhelm Wemiouth 
Henrich Lauchs 
Caspar Kock 
Peter Kremps 
Gottfried Helmer 
Friderich Bellinger, Junior. 
Friederich Bellinger 
Johann Leonhardt Helmer 
Henrich Merkel 
George Koppernoll 
Dieterich Lauchs 



Jacob Kraus 

Adam Lauchs 

Conrad Kutz 

Friederich Gebmann 

Johannes Wallerat 

Johann Henrich Klock 

Wilhelm Lauchs 

Wilhelm Koppernoll 

Johamies Kremps 

Leonhardt Helmer 

Robert Gerder 

Adam Wabel 

Johann Henrich Riemenschneidei 

Johannes Schnell, Junior 

Henrich Lauchs, Junior 

Johannes Fehling. 

[32 names]. 



[See letter of Classis to Coetus, July 17, 1752.] 



St. George's Chapel, 'Nbw York. June 4, 1751. 

" Mr. Oliver De Lancey acquainted this Board that he had received a letter from 
Sir Peter Warren, directing him to pay one hundred pounds sterling towards the 
building of St. George's Chappel), and desiring if it was not Inconsistent with the 
Rules of the Church that a pew might be appointed for Sir Peter and his Family in 
case they should come to tnis country; and Mr. De Lancy acquainted this Board 
that he was ready to pay the said money as this Board should order." 

— Dix's Hist. Trinity Church, p. 258. 



OF THE State op New York. 3163 

Acts of the Ci^assis of Amsteedam. 
Letters from E. T. van Hoevenberg. 
1751, July 19th. Art. 13. The Deputati ad res Exteras 
report a letter from Rev. E. T. van Hoevenberg to Rev. Brouwer, 
written from New York, Nov. 1, 1749, and another letter from 
the same, dated Jan. 3, 1751. The Rev. Deputati are req^^ested 
to furnish the Assembly at the next Classis with suggestions, 
(pre-adviee) thereon, xii. 245. 

Synodalia. 

Typographical Errors in Bibles, 

Psalm-books and Liturgies.* 

Art. 20. The Classis is of opinion that great care should be 
giv(;m to that which obviously militates in print against the prin- 
ciples which the translators probably laid down for themselves in 
their translation; and that consequently such errors ought to be 
corrected and avoided. This would be to the general satisfaction 
of all the corresponding Synods as well as to the greater praise 
of our (Dutch) version: 

1. ^Vherever tJie name Jehovah occurs in the Hebrew text, the 
translators employed the name LORD, (HEERE) in capitals. 
Nevertheless that name is found at Isaiah 45 : 21, and Zephaniah 
2: 2, in small type, (not in capitals). 

2. Those grave linguists used no supplementary words and no 
parentheses, where the original text had the same word which 
they had translated elsewhere without parenthesis or a supple- 
mentary word. It is therefore, imnecessary at Hos. 9 : 2, to place 
half the word threshing-floor in a parenthesis, thus; (threshing) 
floor; Dutch, (dorsch) vloer: — or to print the half of it in a 
diflerent kind of type, while the whole word is printed without 
any such distinctions elsewhere, as at Hos. 9 : 1 and 3 : 3.t 

♦These books were used lu New York at this time by the Dutch. 

tin Hebrew the word "floor" only, was used, while we (in English) generally say 
"threshing-floor". It would seem that the proof-readers of the Bible of the trans- 
lation in 1637, had taken certain liberties, not in harmony with the translators' own 
principles. The Dutch Bibles and other books of that date were generally printed 
In the German text, and where. In English, we use Italics, to make a distinction, 
they employ our plain Roman type. 

57 



1751 



3164 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. Even as these linguists did not desire to omit anything from 
the text that ought to be translated; so they did not introduce 
anything into their version which was unnecessary. Yet in Isaiah 
45: 22, the conjunction and (ende) is forgotten; and in Job. 40: 
1, the Hebrew reads only " The Lord answered Job " while in 
our rendering there is added from chap. 38 : 1, " out of the thun- 
der " (uit een onweder), without placing it in a parenthesis.* 

4. It is supposable that what had to be expressed in a passive 
sense (or voice), according to the Hebrew Niphal, they would 
not translate in an active sense (or voice) in Kal; especially where 
the sense of the translation also reads better in the Passive, l^ow 
at Isaiah 28 : 13, stands " break " which should be " are broken ". 
In Hebrew it reads venishharu and not yesliaberu. ( 1*l3Ii^ilVand 

not ns^'^ ). 

: T : 

5. It may also be asserted that these linguists would not have 
written "the" (Dutch, de) in place of "of the", (der), as in 
Psalm 68: 26, "in the midst the" for "in the midst of the" 
(" in 't midden de", for "in 't midden der",) as probably may 
be read in the autographa, while the Hebrew Tjin (tok) is in 
statu constructo. xii. 248, 249. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Synodalia. 

(Marinus and Johnathan Du Bois.) 

1751, July 19th. The Classis also makes known to the Chris- 
tian SjTiod that one David Martinus (Marinus) a student, pro- 
vided with laudable certificates was examined in Pennsylvania 
by the Revs. Schlatter, Weiss, and Leidich. They wrote about 
this, their examination of him, to the Coetus at ]^ew York, (and 
asked that Coetus) to permit him to preach, without administer- 
ing the sacraments at Acquieghnonck, ( Aquackononck, now Pas- 
saic), even as the Coetus of Pennsylvania had given permission 
to Jonathan du Bois, examined in the same way, to preach in 

*But see July 17, 1752. 



OP THE State op New York. 3165 

1751 

Bucks Comity, (Pa.) Of the former the Classis is still awaiting 

account The latter fact has already been communicated to us 

by Eev. Schlatter in name of the (Pennsylvania) Coetus. The 

Classis would gladly see that in this case (of Marinus) this 

(courtesy) be conceded to that church.* xii. 252. 



Acts of the Synod of ISTorth Holland, July 27-Aug. 5, 1751. 

Vol. 63. 
Article 2. 
'Rev. Michael Schlatter gave a good testimony concerning the 
abandoned wife of Rev. (P. IT.) Dorsius. 

Article 36. 
Classical Changes. 

Dismissed to Bergen and Staten Island in New E"etherland, 
Rev. Pieter De Wind. As candidate, he presented good testi- 
monials from Rev. Classis of ISTeder Veluwe. He took his final 
examination Jan. 12, 1751. But after his departure very un- 
favorable reports have come in, full information about which 
cannot as yet be given. 

(Much additional information in these Synodical Minutes 
about Rev. Schlatter and Pennsylvania.) 

Church Union. 

In regard to the combination of the Grerman Churches with 
the Scotch Presbytery, etc. : 

Last year our idea concerning the Scotch Presbytery and the 
ecclesiastical standing of Pennsylvania differed greatly from the 
idea we have of that (union) now, through certain reports. For 
at that time, we understood the Scotch Presbytery to be con- 
formed to the Church Order, Discipline and Forms of the Church 
of Scotland, which, according to its Confession, printed in the 
Latin Collection of the Confessions of all the Reformed and 

*That the licensure of the Pennsylvania Coetus be recognized by the New York 
Coetus. 



1751 



."^166 Ecclesiastical Records 

Lutlieran Chiirclies, do not materially difier from our Doctrine 
and Forms. But now it becomes known that the Scotch Pres- 
bytery is not only entirely independent, but without Forms of 
Doctrine and Liturgies, so that neither now, nor ever, can one 
be sure of its opinions. 

It is kno^vn also now that through the instrumentality of Rev. 
Schlatter, there have been organized there Coetual Conventions, 
which might be regarded as Classes, By means of these, provision 
can be made against the dispersion which was feared, especially 
when the Coetus can be made to correspond with the (Dutch) 
Church of ISTew York, through which it might be enabled and 
obliged to correspond with the Deputies of both Synods. 

We should thus gniard against: 

1. The anxiety concerning purity of Doctrine which might 
otlierwise arise from the combination with such Presbytery. 

2. The question whether they should come to us or we to them. 

3. The question as to how much or how little they should have 
to say about our ministers and ministries, and we, in turn, about 
theirs. 

4. The jealousy, which, in the course of time is always born 
of the combination of two diiferent nationalities. 

But as the Rev. Deputies have written to Rev. (Gualterus) Du 
Bois in New York, about Pennsylvania matters in this and other 
respects, the Committee are of opinion that final action on this 
particular thing might be postponed until answer from Rev. Du 
Bois, together with the views of Rev. Deputies in both Synods 
shall have come in for their consideration and judgement. 

(1). That Rev. Lischy be ordained, and also the two Dutch 
candidates, David Marinus and Jonathan Du Bois, after previous 
examination, etc., etc. 

(The remainder of this Synod's action relates exclusively to 
Pennsylvania, etc.) 



OF" THB State of New York. 3167 

Church of New York. 
Delegates to the Coetus. 

ITew York, Aug. 19, 1751. 
At the regular session of the Consistory held before the cele- 
bration of the Lord's Supper, the elders Abrm. Lefferts and Abel 
Hardenbroek, with Christian Bancker and J. Rosevelt as alter- 
nates, were chosen, to sit with the ministers at the session of the 

Coetus, to begin Sept 10, 1751. 

J, Ritzema. 

Correspondence from America. 

Pet^r de Wint to Rev. Theodore van Schelluyne, Aug. 20, 1751. 

Portfolio, New York, Vol. ii. 

Bergen, August 20, 1751. 
Rev. Theodorus Van Schelluyne, 
Rev. Sir:— 
This letter is to let your Rev. know of my arrival here after a very stormy voyage. 
Jehovah be praised for delivering us out of every danger. My desire is that this 
letter may find your Rev. as also your family in health, of which I shall be always 
glad to be informed. 

My dear Sir, I took up my studies again, in 1748, at Harderwyk. Finally, I asked 
the Professor for a Testimonium Linguarum et Theologiae. These I obtained, to 
present them to the Rev. Classis of Harderwyk (Neder Veluwe) with a view to my 
examination for licensure. It happened of an evening that a certain minister came 
to my room. I informed him of my purpose and told him that I wished to be exam- 
ined before long, as after three weeks I was to leave again for the West Indies. 
Thereupon this gentleman asked me whether I would not accept a call in case I 
should receive one. My answer was. No, as indeed it had never entered my mind 
to accept a call. 

Thereupon that same minister said to me: "Why should yon be put to such an 
expense? I can give you a Testimonium which will be valid for your preaching as 
a candidate." "Your time is also short", said he; "the Classis does not meet for 
six or seven weeks; therefore it is best to accept this offer." I asked him in turn, 
if he intended to sign the paper himself. He replied, that he would not, but that he 
would get the signature from the minister who this year was appointed for that 
purpose. He said that this would be as good as if I had been examined, seeing that 
I did not Intend to accept a call any way. Upon his advancing several other reasons 
I gave thereto my consent; and two or three days later he handed me the Testi- 
monium. I asked him how much I owed him for his trouble; and his reply was that 
he would be satisfied with what ever I was pleased to give him. I had not supposed 
that he would take anything from me; but this was the present I made him— six 
ducats. I was obliged also to promise him that I would never speak of the matter 
here, at Harderwyk, though I was at liberty to show the Testimonium in other 
places. It was thus that this thing came to pass, as I can truthfully testify. 

To be brief: I came to New York and presented my Testimonium to the ministers 
here which I had received from that particular minister. Thereupon they asked me 
to preach, which I did; and tlius have I come to preach here several times. My 
increasing zeal forced me frequently to beseech God, if it so pleased Him, to place 
me over some people as their minister. So I applied to the Coetus over here, and 
requested their Revs, to write to the Rev. Classis, asking that, if it should happen 
that I should receive a call over here, I might, after presenting my Testimonium, be 



1751 



."^leS Ecclesiastical Records 

examined by their Revs. They resolved to write to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
as I requested. This was done, and answer was received to the effect that such 
examination could not be allowed. But, before we had received this answer, a call 
was extended to me by the churches of Bergen and Staten Island which I accepted 
in the fear of God, praying God that he might enable me to learn more and more of 
his ways, so that I might be an example to those over whom I should be appointed. 
Now then, Rev. Sir, to come to the real matter, immediately after the Coetus had 
read to me the letter not allowing me to be examined for the ministry here, I 
resolved to betake myself to the Rev. Classis, as with the consent of my churches 
I have done. 

Your Rev. can easily understand that, if I had certainly known that this my Testi- 
monium from that certain minister of Harderwyk was not valid, I would not now 
have applied to your Revs.; since it could easily have been found out at Harderwyk 
whether or not it was all right. But, since I have been deceived in this, as I now 
find to be the case, I humbly request the Rev. Classis not to reject me, although I 
am conscious that your Revs, have sufficient reason to do so. As I have been to 
such great expense, deal with me now in a brotherly spirit. I throw myself upon 
your fatherly favor. It would cause me deep grief to be by your Revs, cut off from 
these churches of mine. For I find that my preaching in these churches has not 
been in vain, but is followed by the blessing of God. In my churches on Staten 
Island there were many who, while they were without a pastor had gone over to the 
English churches, and many also to the Herrnhutters. But they rejoiced when I 
came among them, and they have all come back to my preaching. I, therefore pray 
God that he may favor me with his grace to preach the Gospel among them in love; 
and thus if it be possible, to lead those who are still walking in byways, back to 
Christ Jesus by God's help. 

Be assured, Rev. Sirs, that from the testimony of others you may learn all about 
me, that I am inclined to peace, and that I perform my duty as a minister ought. 
And, if your Rev. should find it otherwise, I would not think it so hard to have my 
licensure declared illegal. 

Thus I anticipate a fatherly and favorable reply, that I may perform my ministry 
with greater joy. For your Revs, can understand well enough that I must be some- 
what uncomfortable. My consolation, however, depends on your fraternal affection. 

Possibly, Rev. Sirs, you would much like to know who that person is who gave me 
those papers. Had I not lost or else torn up, the letter which I received from him, 
while I was in Amsterdam, I would send it on to you. This would show that he 
made me understand that I must not mention his name. It would be a difficult 
matter now to prove this about him. Therefore I dare not name him or make him 
known. 

Further: I wish for every blessing from God upon your Revs., your families and 
your work. May God spare you all together, each one in his own place, over which 
you have been set as ministers for the building up of Christ's Church and the win- 
ning of many souls! With this I remain with all reverence and respect. 

Very Rev. Sirs, 

Your ever willing servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 

N. B.— My dear Mr. T. Van Schelluyne: I begam this letter, addressing it to you 
alone, but, as I went on writing, I thought the time might fail me to write a sepa- 
rate letter to the Rev. Classis. It is for that reason that I address what follows to 
their Revs, as well. So I ask your Rev. that, when my matter comes up, you will 
show this letter to the Rev. Classis and oblige me who calls himself, 

Very Rev. Sir, 

Your Rev's. Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 

P. S.— After I had written this letter and showed it to the Revs, du Bois and 
Bitzema as well as Mr. Banker, and read the same to them, they were not satisfied 
with it, but requested me to give the name of that certain minister. To which I 
replied that I would be glad to give his name, but that I had lost the letter, written 
in his own hand, by which I would be able to prove that he was the person from 
whom I got my Testimonium. I stated to the said gentlemen, that I did not dare, 
for that reason, to give his name, as now it would be a difficult matter for me to 



OP THE State op New York. 3169 

prove the fact. However, at their repeated request, I conld not refuse to give that 
minister's name; as I also hereby, do, with a true aud sincere belief or confession, 
avow, holding myself at all times ready to declare under oath, that that certain 
minister was Rev. Petrus Wynstok. But whether he obtained the Testimonium from 
Rev. Medenbach, I do not know, for I know nothing of Rev. Medenbach. 

So I remain, 

Your Rev's, obedient servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 



Acts of the Deputies. (About Sept. 1751). 

Letter from JSTew York, by Revs. Du Bois, Ritzema and De Ronde, 

dated May 10, 1751. 

(Abstract.) 

Notwithstanding the agitations of Satan to hinder the proclama- 
tion of the Gospel, it seems that the Lord is willing to grant an 
open door to the Word, over there, and wishes to give more Dutch 
ministers to that English Colony. The flourishing church in l^ew 
York, where nine men are now laboring, may serve as an evidence 
thereof; as well as the open country. Three churches over there 
have cast their eyes upon three young men who are studying there : 

These are Barend Vrooman, for l^ew Palt,z, cum annexis ; Jacob 
Frielinghuysen, for Marmel, (Marbletown), cum annexis; and 
Ferdinand Frielinghuysen, for Kinderhook. Upon each of these 
three, a full call has been made out by the churches named, and 
they are making ready for the journey to Holland, in order to 
present themselves before our Classis. The hope and wish is, 
that they will give us satisfaction. This, they doubt not, because 
of the generally excellent reports ; and they look forward, with 
longing, to the proper time, in the expectation that their work 
will be blessed. They say, in particular, regarding the Church of 
New Paltz, that some time ago the aid of Coetus had been re- 
quested, that they might obtain a lawful minister ; that protection 
is desired, against the iiTegular action of Kingston, which has 
placed some of them under the ban; and that they had allowed 
Van Drissen of Amsterdam to preach, although this authority, 
the consistory of Kingston had arrogated to itself, claiming that 
that church belonged to it. Rev. Mancius had written a letter to 
Rev. Ritzema about it, which was also handed over, by him to 



1751 



3170 Ecclesiastical Records 

1751 

Coetiis. As to the particulars of that letter, and how it was 
answered by the said churches, they can not, indeed, exactly 
declare, since that letter is in the hands of Fryenmoet, and the 
answer has not yet arrived. They say that the people of the Paltz 
had never entered into the slightest ecclesiastical relation (or 
union) with Kingston, although some of them must have been 
received as members there, and allowed their children to be bap- 
tized there, etc., as long as they could not secure a minister. They 
thought, therefore, that we (the Classis) ought to give no heed 
to Kingston's complaint, much less, that its call should be sus- 
tained. Especially was this so, because not only 'New Paltz vil- 
lage, but also a committee from two other associated villages, had 
addressed Coetus, and requested the approval of the call. They 
submitted themselves, mth the minister called, to Coetus, and 
asked their intercession with the Classis, etc. That document was 
signed by the delegates and ten consistory-members. They by 
that Classis, therefore, will acknowledge the lawfulness of their 
call, and qualify the called one, if found capable. They conclude 
with salutations, xxiii. 51, 55. 
Back end of Vol. xxiii. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Letter from Rev. Wyustok. 

1751, Sept. 6th. Art. 9. As Peter de Wind had not yet been 
received, he shall be written to about it in the name of Classis. 
Quod factum, xii. 254. [See May 12, 1751.] 

Letters from Eev. E. T. Hoevenberg. 

Art. 10. In regard to these letters, the Depp, ad res Exteraa 
brought forward their suggestions (pre-ad'^dce) and the draft of 
a reply. This was approved by the Assembly, and will be sent to 
him in a letter. Quod factum, xii. 254. 



OF TFiE State of Nkw York. 3171 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Tlie Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. E. T. Van Hovenberg, 
Sept. 6, 1751. Vol. 30, page 218, No. 127. 
Rev. Sir and Much-beloved Brother : — 

We safely received your two letters, the one dated i^ew York, 
ISTovember 27, 1749 ; the other Jan. 3rd 1750, but without men- 
tion of place; also two other letters, sent successively, but neither 
dated nor signed. The contents of them have been communicated 
to Classis, which sincerely pities your unfortunate condition, yet 
does not find a way to serve you in any of your requests. By our 
Committee we conferred about your business with the Honorable 
Directors, The reply was as we anticipated: "Gentlemen, we 
have done with that case ; we will not trouble ourselves further 
about it." 

We wish from the heart that the Lord would grant you light 

and sanctified powers, that you might please him in all things, 

edify the Church of God, and work out your own salvation with 

fear and trembling. 

We sign ourselves, 

Signed as above. 
In Classical Assembly, 

Sept. 6, 1751. 

The LitheBxVN Church of Newburgh, jST. Y., Succeeded by 
THE Church of England. 

Petition of Colden, Albertson and others for the Palatine lands 
at ]N"ewburgh. Sept. 6, 23, 1751. (See March 3, 1752.) 

To his Excellency the Honorable George Clinton, Captain General and Governor 
in Chief of the Province of New York and Territories thereon Depending in America 
Vice Admiral of the same and Admiral of the White Squadron of His Majesties Fleet 
etc. 
In Council 

The Humble Petition of the Proprietors and Inhabitants of a Tract of Land abore 
the Highlands at a place called Quaissaick now commonly called Newburgh Patent 
in Ulster County. 
Most humbly sheweth 

That while Lord Lovelace was Governor of this Province, he had promised, (Pur- 
suant to an Instruction from the late Queen Anne or a letter from the then Secre- 
tary of State), a Grant to nine Palatines, of a tract of land above the Highlands, at 
a place Called Quaissaick: and Accordingly the same was Surveyed by the then 
Surveyor General, and laid out in nine Lotts for them, with a Glebe of five hundred 



■51 



8172 Ecclesiastical Records 

acres for their Minister: The whole Tract Containing two thousand one hundred 
and ninety Acres. But nothing further was done therein during the life of Lord 
Lovelace, nor during the Government of Brigadier Hunter. 

But after his Departure from this Province, Coll. Peter Schuyler then President 
of the Council, on the Eighteenth of December, 1719, by Letters Patent of that date. 
Granted Eight of the Lotts so laid out to Eight of the said Palatines and their 
Families; and the ninth Lott to one Burgher Myndertse, a Black-Smith, who had 
purchased a Right of one of the said Palatines; And by the same Letters Patent 
Granted to Andries Volck and Jacob Webber and their successors forever— as Trus- 
tees for the Benefitt of a Lutheran Minister, to have the Care of Souls of the 
Inhabitants of the same, two thousand one hundred and ninety acres of I^and, a 
Glebe of five hundred acres of the same Tract, To Hold the said Glebe to them as 
first Trustee During their natural Lives, and their Successors forever, But for the 
Sole use of a Lutheran Minister to have the Care of Souls of the Inhabitants of the 
same two thousand one hundred and ninety acres of Land; and upon the Death or 
Absence of the Trustees or their successors, it should be Lawfull for all the Inhabit- 
ants of the same Tract, being Males, and above the Age of twenty one years, to 
meet upon the Glebe Land, and by Majority of voices to Elect other Trustees in the 
room of those Dyeing or Removeing, which persons so chosen should be Trustees of 
the same Glebe Lands. 

And further Granted That the said Trustees and their successors forever there- 
after, should be one Body Politick and Corporate, in Fact and in Name, of the 
Trustees of the Palatine Parish of Quassaick, and by that name to Sue and be Sued, 
etc., with Power to the Trustees for the time being to Lease the said Glebe Lands 
or any part thereof, but for no longer term than Seven Years, at any one time; and 
by the same Grant, one pepper Corn only, per Annum, was Reserved as a Quitt Rent 
for the said five hundred acres of Land; Which Grant of the said Glebe Lands your 
Petitioners Conceive was in order to Encourage other Palatine Familys to settle 
and Improve other Vacant Lands near to the aforesaid Tract; 

But so far was it from having the Effect Intended, That sometime after the Pass- 
ing the said Grant, all the said Palatine Familys sold their several Lotts in the 
said Tract to your petitioners and those under whom they claim, and they, with 
the aforesaid Trustees, Removed into the County of Albany or some other parts; 
And your Petitioners further shew. That the said Trustees being so Removed, The 
Male Inhabitants of the said Tract above the Age of twenty one Years, on the 
Twenty Third Day of June In the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
forty seven, met upon the said Glebe Land, and by Majority of Voices Elected your 
Petitioners, Alexander Col<!en and Richard Albertson, Trustees of said Glebe Land, 
who took the Possession thereof. But as your Petitioners are all English Protest- 
ants, the Grant of the said Glebe if confined to the use of a Lutheran Minister only, 
would be entirely useless. But your Petitioners are Advised and Conceive, That if 
the Palatines had continued on the aforesaid Tract, and they or their Descendants 
had conformed to the Church of England, They might have called and chosen a 
Minister of the Church of England to have the care of Souls there, who would in 
that case have had the benefit and use of the aforesaid Glebe Lands. And that if 
the said Palatines could have done so. Consequently his Majesty's Naturall Born 
Subjects who now by purchase Succeed the said Palatines in the right they had in 
the same Lands, may do the same. 

And your Petitioners Do also further shew That the Trustees of the said Glebe 
Lands, having Power by the said Grant to Lease the said Lands for no longer Term 
than seven years, Prevents the same being improved, or of that advantage that it 
might be, had they the power to Grant three Hundred Acres thereof forever in acre 
Lotts, Reserviug no less than five Shillings for each aci-e as a Bent forever; Which 
Rent would in part Support a Protestant Minister and Schoolmaster to have the 
Care of Souls and the Instruction of the Children of your Petitioners and the neigh- 
bouring Inhabitants; and the Remaining two hundred acres thereof would be suffi- 
cient for such Minister and Schoolmaster; and had your Petitioners Power to Hold 
a Fair on the said Lands, on the Second Tuesday in April and October, annually, it 
would not only be an advantage to your Petitioners, but to all the Inhabitants of 
that and the Neighbouring Counties. 

Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray His Majesties Grant and Confirma- 
tion of the aforesaid Five Hundred Acres of Land to the present Trustees and their 
Successors to be Chosen Pursuant to the Directions of the aforesaid Grant with 



OP THE State op New York, 3173 

such further Power and under such Regulations and Restrictions as to your Excel- 
lency and Counclll shall seem proper. 
And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray etc. 

Edmund Concklin, Jr. Caklass Leveredge 

William Ward Henry Smith 

Jacob Wendel William Mitchell 

James Denton Alex Golden 

William Smith Nathan Furman 

Richard Albertsoii Daniel Thustou 

Thomas Ward Michael Demott 

Joh. Wandle Duncan Alexander 

September 6th, 1751. 

Province of t ss. Samuel Morell of the County of Ulster in the said Province, 
New York, j Yeoman, of full age, being sworn upon the Holy Evangelists of 

Almighty God, Deposeth and salth. That he was present on the twenty third Day 
of June in the Year of our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and Porty Seven, on 
the Glebe at or near a place called Quassalck, in Ulster County, aforesaid^ Granted 
as this Deponent is informed, in trust, to Andries Volck and Jacob Webber, by her 
Majesties Letters Patent, dated the eighteenth Day of December in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven Hundred and nineteen. When the majority of the Male 
Inhabitants of the said Tract of Land Granted by the said Letters Patent, who were 
above the Age of Twenty one years, being Assembled on the said Glebe made choice 
of Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson to be Trustees for the said Glebe 
according to the Directions of the said Grant; and that the Said Alexander Colden 
and Richard Albertson have ever since acted as Trustees for the said Glebe Lands. 

Samuel Morrell. 
Sworn this 23rd of September 1751 before me 

Cadwallader Colden. 

Province of I ss. William Ward of Ulster County In the said Province, Yeoman, 
New York. ) and Margaret his wife, both of full age, being Duly Sworn upon 

the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, Depose and say: that they very well remember 
Andries Volk and Jacob Webbers, the First Trustees of the Glebe at or near a place 
called Quassalck, In Ulster County, mentioned in the before written affidavit of 
Samuel Morell: That upwards of Twenty years ago the said Andries Volk and Jacob 
Webbers removed to the province of Pennsylvania, and that after their Removal, no 
other Trustees (were) chosen for the said Glebe, until the twenty third day of June 
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty seven, when the 
Inhabitants of the Tract of Land Granted to the said Andries Volk and Jacob 
Webbers, (In Trust for themselves and other Palatines), by Letters Patent Dated 
the eighteenth Day of December one thousand seven Hundren and nineteen, being 
males above the age of Twenty one years, assembled upon the said Glebe, and by 
a majority of votes Chose Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson to be Trustees 
of the said Glebe, according to the Directions of the said Grant; and these Depon- 
ents further say That all the said Palatines to whom the said Tract was Granted, 
or their Descendants, have sold and Disposed of their rights in the said Grant, and 
as they verily believe to English Protestants, and that not one person professing the 
Lutheran Religion now Resides upon any part of the said Tract, except This Depon- 
ent, Margaret Ward, who was formerly entituled to Fifty Acres of the said Tract, 
which these Deponents long since sold and Disposed of; and the said Margaret Ward 
further saith. That she is now willing and Desirous to conform to the Church of 
England as by Law Established. 

her 
William Ward, Margaret X Ward, 
mark 
Sworn this 23rd of September 1751 before me 

Cadwallader Colden. 
Endorsed, The Petition of Alex Colden and others praying that the 500 a. of land 
formerly granted to Trustees for Maint. of a Lutheran minister at Quaissaiok in 
Ulster County, may be granted to the said A. Colden & R. Albertson, in Trust, for 
the Maint. of a Minister of the Church of England and a Schoolmaster. 1751 Nov. 4, 
Read and Granted. In Council. G. Banyar, D. Clk., Con. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. iii. 357-9. 



1751 



1751 



3174 Ecclesiastical Records 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Coetus to Rev. J. Arondens, Sept. 9, 1751. 

Dear Sir:— Since tlie members of the Rev. Coetus, who are now in the city, have 
seen fit to open the letter from the Classis of Amsterdam, they find that the con- 
tents thereof, so far as concerns you and yours, have already in part been made 
known to you by the Rev. Assembly. Hence they counsel you and your friends to 
present yourselves tomorrow afternoon before the Assembly, in the Consistory 
Chamber, In order to hear what the Assembly may have to make known to you in 
the name of the Classis, and to propose further. 

Wherein we remain, in the name of all. 

Your obedient servants, 

(Signed,) G. Du Bois 

J. Ritzema. 
Collatum Concordat. 



Acts of the Coetus, held at I*^bw York, September 9-17, 

1751. 

In Acts of Classis, Vol. xxii, 259. Heferred to xxiv, 13. 

Tuesday, September 10^ — Forenoon. 

1. Opening of the Assembly.— The Rev. Coetus was opened with prayer by the 
President of the last meeting. Domine Van Sinderen succeeded, ew ordine, as Presi- 
dent; but the Rev. Assembly judged it more becoming, since the disputes in Long 
Island were to come upon the table, to defer his Presidency until a future occasion. 
Domine Van Sinderen assented, and Domine Goetschius became President, to whom, 
with the assent of the Assembly, Domine Du Bois was .joined as Adsessor. 

Members Present. 
Dom. G. Du Bois, Elder, Abra. Lefferts. 

" R. Erickson, ' " H. Rennet. 

" Haeghoort, 
J. Schuyler, 

.1. Ritzema, " E. Bancker. 

B. Meinema, ' "J. Du Bois. 

W. Van Sinderen, " Ab. Lott. 

" J. H. Goetschius, " J. Brinckerhoflf. 

J. Leydt, " H. Fisher. 

B. Van Der Linde, " J. Steg. 

C. Fryenmoet, "A. Van Kamp. 
L. De Ronde, " J. Roosevelt. 

" J. Frelinghuysen, " S. Van Arsdalen. 

" P. De Wiut, " J. Van Houten. 

J. Haring, of Tappan, G. Van Wagenen, of Aquackanonck. 

2. New Members. — Dom. L. De Ronde, with his elder, asked to be received as 
members of the Assembly, which being put to vote, was unanimously granted. Dom. 
John Frelinghuysen, with his elder, made the same request, with the same result. 

3. Reading of Letters.- The things which, by order of the Coetus, had been sent 
to the Classis of Amsterdam, were read, and afterwards, the replies, etc., of the 
Classis. 

Dom. Ritzema, who, with his Rev. Colleagues and some other members, assembled 
yesterday, had opened the sealed letter from Amsterdam, and was appointed to 
advise Arondeus and his party to appear before the Assembly this afternoon, read 
the contents of the letter sent to him. The postman brought back a verbal reply. 
Arondeus said that the letter should be sent to him tomorrow by Dom. Ritzema; 



OF THE State of New York. 3175 

that he should not appear before the Coetus; that possibly his Consistory might 
appear on Thursday; but still, he declared that he would not omit to perform minis- 
terial service in Kings County. 

4. It was ordered that tlie letter sent to Arondeus should be recorded in the book 
of the Coetus. 

Resolved, To meet at three o'clock, P. M.; whereupon, the Assembly separated with 
thanksgiving to God. 

Afternoon Session. 

1. A New Member.— After invocation of the Lord's name by the Rev. President. 
Dom. De Wint was received as a member of the Assembly. 

2. Reading of the Minutes.— The Minutes of the last Coetus were read, as were 
also those of the forenoon in which one word was altered, viz., cite for advise 

3. Commissioners from Millstone [Harlingen] and Raritan.— Dom. Frelinghuysen 
stated to the Coetus that Rynler Vechte was present as a commissioner from a 
meeting at Millstone, in order to make an end of the matters in controversy there. 
His various papers were laid upon the table, and nine o'clock to-morrow appointed 
for considering them. 

Another commissioner was present from the so-called dissatisfied at Raritan and 
North Branch, in order to have an end put to the dispute between them and the 
congregation of Dom. John Fi-ellnghuysen. His papers also were presented. 

4. Protest.— Dom. Haeghoort presented a protest against the Coetus, because it 
aporded redress to a congregation, but not to a minister; because of some of its 
proceedings; especially, because of the Extraordinary Clerk, Dom. Du Bois: and 
also, because it had never been as completely approved by the Classis as it ought 
to be. 

5. Citation of Arondeus.— It was resolved, by a majority of votes, once more to 
request Arondeus, In a friendly, brotherly, and earnest letter, to appear before the 
Coetus on Thursday morning. 

Hereupon the Assembly separated, with thanksgiving to God. Tempus Conventus 
appointed at nine o'clock, A. M. 



Wednesday, September 11 — Forenoon. 

1. Minutes. — After calling upon the name of the Lord, the Minutes of the last 
session were read. 

2. Oyster Bay.— A communication from both parties at Oyster Bay was presented, 
of which the first portion was agreed to, and the second taken into further con- 
sideration. 

3. (Ad § 3 of the foregoing session.) Millstone [Harlingen] Case.— The papers of 
Rynier Vechte were read by Dom. Frelinghuysen, from which it appeared that 
there were In the congregation of Millstone two Consistories: the one of the 
so-called dissatisfied, and the other of Dom. Frelinghuysen; and that the two parties 
were inclined to unite. The so-called dissatisfied proposed to the Consistory of 
Dom. Frelinghuysen that one elder and deacori from each side should with Dom. 
Frelinghuysen, choose an elder and a deacon from his side, and that these then 
should constitute the Consistory of the congregation of Millstone. To this Dom. 
Frelinghuysen acceded, with the reservation that the elder and deacon from the 
dissatisfied should first be chosen and ordained, (anew,) and then, with the remain- 
ing elder and deacon, choose the others. For this position he assigned these reasons: 
1. That although they were a Consistory, they were, notwithstanding, not his Con- 
sistory. 2. That, In making the union, they made the half of the Consistory, while 
they did not constitute one third of the people, nor pay one third of the expendi- 
tures. 3. That he, M'hether he attached himself to one side or to the other, would 
put himself into the fire. 4. That the establishment of the so-called dissatisfied Con- 
sistory obscurely represented him and his Consistory as unlawful, who therefore 
offered to prove to the Coetus that the former constituted a Consistory, in a Con- 
sistory, and a congregation in a congregation. 5. That the consequences would be 
bad. Notwithstanding, he trusted that the dispute now so nearly settled would be 
finished by the Coetus, to whom he and his friends referred themselves. 



1751 



1751 



3176 EcCLESIASTICALr RECORDS 

Rynier Vechte maintained against the reservation of Dom. Frelinghuysen, that 
the union must be formed in tlie way they had offered, and assigned these reasons: 
1. That they were a lawful Consistory, established by the order of the Classis of 
Amsterdam. 2. That there was no Consistory in a Consistory, because Dom. Fre- 
linghuysen was minister only of Raritan, North Branch, Six Mile Run, and New 
Brunswick, and therefore not of Millstone. 3. That they doubt that they constitute 
but a third of the people; and at least, they can well bear a third of the expenses, 
since they have a piece of the church land in their possession. 4. That it seems an 
unsuitable thing in Dom. Prelinghuysen's reservation, that our whole Consistory 
should resign. 5. That our Consistory was formed much earlier than Dom. Freling- 
huysen's, and therefore what he says of us is applicable to himself. 

Here the Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God, to meet at three o'clock, 
P. M. 

Afternoon Session. 

1. Millstone Case.— After calling upon the name of the Lord and the reading of the 
Minutes, this case was resumed. After mature deliberation, it was concluded that 
two elders and two deacons of Dom. Frelinghuysen, with one elder and one deacon 
of the dissatisfied, should, together with Dom. Frelinghuysen, choose an elder and 
a deacon from the number of the dissatisfied, who, being ordained, one elder and 
one deacon of Dom. Frelinghuysen, and the rest of the dissatisfied, should resign; 
and thus the two newly chosen, together with the four remaining ones of Dom. 
Frelinghuysen, should be considered the Consistory. 

2. J. A. Wernich. — John Aemilius Wernich presented various matters, orally and 
in writing, to the Assembl.y. These were referred, for further inquiry, to a com- 
mittee, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Leydt, Fryenmoet, and Frelinghuysen, who 
were to report thereon. 

3. North Branch [Readington.]— This case it was determined should be taken up 
to-morrow. The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God, to meet to-morrow 
at nine o'clock, A. M. 

Thursday, September 12 — Forenoon. 

1. Preliminary. — After calling upon the name of God and reading the Minutes, the 
question was treated, whether Dom. Haeghoort should make a further elucidation 
of his protest. 

2. Dom. Haeghoort's Protest. At the request of the whole Assembly, Dom. Haeg- 
hoort has undertaken to present in writing, during the present meeting, such 
further elucidation of his protest. 

3. North Branch and Raritan. — The decision of the Rev. Coetus was, that the 
dissatisfied should choose out of their own number six persons; that Dom. Freling- 
huysen, with his Consistory, should choose two out of the six, i. e., an elder and a 
deacon, who, being ordained, two of Dom. Frelinghuysen's Consistory should resign; 
whereupon, the former being associated with the rest, should be recognized as the 
Consistory; all expenses to be borne in proportion by each. So shall all error and 
dissatisfaction be done away at once. 

Hereon the Assembly separated, with thanksgiving to God. The Tempus Gonventus 
to be at three o'clock, P. M. 

Afternoon Session. 

1. Communications.— After calling upon the name of the Lord, the Minutes were 
read. A letter, just received from Amsterdam, was laid upon the table. A copy of 
a letter from P. Wynstock was taken up ad referendum; also, the case of John Van 
Driessen, of which the Clerk is to make mention. 

2. Appearance of Arondeus's F'riends.— The friends of Dom. Arondeus, named 
Philip Nagel, John Lott, Daniel Bodet, and Jacob Remsen, entered the house, and 
being asked whether Dom. Arondeus were in the cit.y, answered, that they did not 
know; that they came not in his name, but in that of the Consistory only. The 
question was repeated, with the same answer. 



OF THE State of New York. 3177 

The Rev. Adsessor, Du Bois, read to them from the letter and an abstract of the 
resolution of the Rev. (Jlassis of Amsterdam concerning the matter of Arondeus, 
and urged powerful motives to induce them to listen to the advice thus given. But 
to the question whether they would submit to the authority of the Coetus, they 
replied by asking for copies of the above letters. This was refused. Again being 
asked whether they would submit, they requested time for further deliberation. 
Dom. Du Bois said to them, Remsen having gone away, that they should appear, 
each v.'ith an answer, to-morrow, between twelve and three o'clock. If the minister 
was willing to come with them on Monday, the Coetus would sit on that day; but, 
if not, they would proceed with the matter to-morrow evening. 

3. Case of Wernich.— The committee on this matter made a report, and It was 
concluded that he should furnish copies of his documents to the Coetus, that they 
may send them to the Classis of Amsterdam, and add some further explanations. 

Friday, September 13th — rorenoon. 

1. Case of De Wlnt.— After calling upon the name of the Lord the Minutes were 
read and approved. The case of De Wint was taken up, and it was resolved that 
Dom. De Wint appear before our Assembly at three o'clock. Dom. Van Der Linde 
undertook to make this order of the Coetus faithfully known to him, and it was 
accordingly intrusted to him. 

2. The Paltz.— Dom. Fryeumoet reported from the Committee on the Paltz what 
had been done there, and received the thanks of the Coetus for the faithful exe- 
cution of the work. 

3. (Ad § 3 of the foregoing session.) Wernich.— He performed what the Assembly 
required of him, and in like manner will the Rev. Coetus seek to fulfill its promise; 
and he was so informed. 

Whereupon the Assembly separated, with thanksgiving to God, to meet in the 
afternoon, at three o'clock. 

Afternoon Session. 

1. Complaint of Muzelius.— After the meeting was opened with prayer, a letter was 
read from the Emeritus, Muzelius, of Tappan, complaining of the lack of an ade- 
quate support. The elder from Tappan being asked about the case, answered that 
Muzelius did not come to church, although he had been enjoined to do so; and that, 
when spoken to, he replied that he never would come, etc.; and that he treats even 
the new minister and some of his followers vei-y improperly. Muzelius himself 
acknowledged in a letter to Dom. Du Bois that for important reasons he did not go 
to church. The conclusion of the Coetus was, to write to Muzelius and the Consis- 
tory, directing them to conduct themselves properly and fairly to each other in all 
things. 

2. Case of Arondeus.— The friends of Arondeus being called upon, reported that 
Dom. Arondeus, on account of being now involved in many difficulties, excused him- 
self from appearing at present before the Coetus, but that he would use all pains 
to appear on Monday, or certainly at the farthest on Tuesday, either in person or by 
writing. He would, as he said, spare no labor to remove the hindrance which stood 
in his way, and the present reporters promise to do the same. Dom. Du Bois 
replied to them, in the name of the Assembly, that the Coetus would sit on the 
coming Monday, and that whatever friends of Arondeus might appear, he himself 
would be expected, or at least a statement of his purpose in his own handwriting. 

3. Dom. Haeghoort's I'rotest.— Dom. Haeghoort handed in a further elucidation of 
his protest. 

4. Case of De Wint.— A copy of P. Wynstock's letter and an extract from a very 
important letter of the Classis of Amsterdam were read to De Wint, and he asked 
by the President what he had to say in reply. He brought so much to light in his 
own letter that the Coetus found itself constrained in all conscience to suspend him 
from the ministry of the sacraments, until further light should come from the 
Classis of Amsterdam, whose advice it was hoped to receive more at length upon 
the case. 

5. (Ad § 3.) Reading of the Elucidation.— The elucidation of Dom. Haeghoort's 
protest was read. 

Separated with thanksgiving to God, to meet again on Monday, at nine o'clock, 
A. M. 



1751 



1751 



3178 Ecclesiastical Records 



Monday, September 16 — Forenoon. 

1. Decision upon the Protest.— After calling npon the name of the Lord, the Minutes 
were read and approved. Dom. Haeghoort's elucidation of his protest being taken 
up, it was concluded to refer it to a committee to make their comments upon it, and 
write to the Classis of Amsterdam, provided that the committee lay their report 
upon the table of the next meeting, so that if they shall prove to have yielded too 
much, there may be an opportunity of retracting. Messrs Du Bois, Ritzema, and 
Bancker were appointed the committee, item. con. 

2. Case of De Wint.— This was taken into further consideration. 

3. Request from Bergen.— The Consistory of Bergen came in, with a request for 
information respecting the case of De Wint. It was given to them. 

4. Request from De Wint.— This was, that the Coetus would suspend him entirely. 
But forseeing many troubles, should that course be preferred, the Coetus took ths 
proposal ad referendum. 

Tempus Conventus appointed for half past three o'clock, P. M. 
Separated with thanksgiving. 



Afternoon Session. 

1. Approval of a School-teacher.- After calling upon the name of the Lord, a com- 
munication was brought upon the table from a school-teacher; which being approved, 
said person was recommended for his work. 

The Consistory of Staten Island having brought forward various matters, through 
Dom. De Wint, it was decided that if they found themselves in any degree burdened 
by this, they should have leave to eome directly before the Coetus. 

2. (Ad § 4 of foregoing session.) The request of P. De Wint was taken in hand, 
but the Assembly rested content in the decision already made. 

3. The Circle of Bergen and Staten Island.— The inquiry was made. To what Circle 
these congregations should belong? The answer given was, to the New York Circle. 

4. Documents in De Wint's Case.— The letters and other matters concerning De 
Wint were delivered to the Extraordinary Clerk, to be forwarded, without selection, 
to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

5. Appearance of Arondeus.- Dom. Arondeus entered, with his friends. Dr. Du 
Bois, in a suitable official address, inquired if they intended to conduct themselves 
according to all ecclesiastical usage; to which Arondeus answered. Yes. Thereupon, 
Dom. Du Bois read the extract from the resolution of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
and asked whether they would peacefully conform thereto; to which Arondeus and 
his friends present answered. Yes, and that very readily. Dom. Van Sinderen and 
Mr. Lott were asked if they were authorized to act for their congregations. They 
said that they were, but only as sitting in the Coetus, and must consult their con- 
gregations upon the subject. Being further asked as to their personal views, each 
answered satisfactorily for himself, that he was much inclined to peace. Supposing 
this to be the case, the Rev. Mr. Du Bois asked Arondeus, J. Lott, Nagel, J. Remsen, 
Jeremiah Remsen, John Nostrand, Daniel Bodet, L. Lefferts, N. Folkertse, K. 
Veghte, A. Van Der Bilt, W. Leeten, Rutgers Van Brunt, Sen'r and Jun'r, and 
A. Polhemus, if they would herein submit to the Coetus; all these persons being 
present, agreed to the same, and answered. Yes. 

6. Arondeus Temporarily Silenced. — The question being put whether Arondeus, 
according to the resolution of the Classis of Amsterdam, should abstain from all 
ministerial service in both counties of Long Island, until peace should be restored, 
and he be lawfully called there as a minister, it was answered in the affirmative. 
The Coetus also enjoined upon Dom. Van Sinderen and his friends not to blazen 
abroad a triumph: nor should he boast of the matter, but in and out of the pulpit 
bear himself in an edifying manner. 

It was determined to announce to Arondeus and his friends the time when the 
case should be brought to a final issue. This is fixed for October 15, four weeks 
from to-morrow, September 17, when an Extraordinary Coetus shall assemble, and 
take the matter in hand. Dom. Arondeus resigned the call, which the Classis of 
Amsterdam had declared to be unlawful. 



OF THE State of Nev/ York. 3179 

7. Citation of Arondeus.— The Coetus required Arondeus to appear before them 
to-morrow morning at nine o'clock, in order to give a categorical answer concerning 
the matters on which he had stood out so long. This was assented to by him. 

The Assembly then separated with thanksgiving. Tempus Conventus appointed for 
nine o'clock, A. M., to-morrow. 



Tuesday, September lY — Forenoon. f 

1. Question put to Arondeus.— After calling upon the name of God, the Minutes 
were read. Arondeus having entered, Dom. Du Bois proposed to him these questions: 

1st. Whether he was willing to suspend all ministerial service, while the Coetus 
were preparing means for reconciliation? 

2nd. Whether he had not promised this to the messenger first sent to him in the 
name of the Coetus? 

3rd. Whether he had not published the same from the pulpit? 

4th. Whether he had not promised the same thing before the Coetus, provided it 
was not considered as a judicial sentence? 

His answers were: 

To the 1st question.— So far as concerned Long Island. 

To the 2nd.— Yes; but with the restriction that the Coetus were to make use 
thereof, and they had not received him. 

To the 3rd. — Yes; but only in order to find time to put himself in condition for the 
next Coetus. 

To the 4th.— Yes; provided it was not considered as a judicial sentence, with the 
limitation that no act on Arondeus's side had full force, unless it had injurious 
influences upon the congregations, conscientiously to accept it, or to make use of 
the same in connection with the English law of the land. 

Separated with thanksgiving to God. 



Afternoon Session, 

After invocation of the Lord's name by the President, the Minutes were read. 

1. Case of Van Driessen.— This case was brought up, and it was decided that letters 
should be written upon the matter, addressed to the minister and Consistory of 
Poughkeepsie and Fishkill, and to all those among their congregations who adhere 
to Van Driessen, or shall in future follow him. 

2. Arondeus's Quaerit.— Arondeus presented a Quaerit, (so called by him,) iu which 
he brings frightful charges against three ministers now present. Being asked how 
these things could be, he pretended, when the Assembly insisted, to have reasons 
for not naming them, unless compelled by a civil court. 

3. Extraordinary Clerk.— Dom. Du Bois resigned his oflBce of Extraordinary Clerk, 
and was thanked by the Assembly, for having borne the heavy burden so long, with 
so much fidelity; but Dom. Haeghoort still adhered to his protest. Dom. Ritzema 
was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant post. 

4. Dom. Haeghoort's Complaint. — Dom. Haeghoort apprised the Assembly that he 
still complained of the ill usage of his Consistory and congregation, not being treated 
according to his call; and that he sought the judgement of the Coetus on the point 
whether they should fulfill the terms of the call. That judgement was given to the 
effect that they were thus bound in the highest degree. The proposition that Dom. 
Meinema, the (31ei'k, shall have the same declaration made in his case, is favorably 
received. 

5. Minute Book.— In reply to a question, it was ordered that in case of a blot upon 
the Minutes, the Clerk shall record the same anew neatly. 

6. Extra Meeting.— It is concluded, in case it is more than four weeks before thft 
Coetus assembles, notice shall be given thereof. 

The Assembly then separated with thanksgiving to God. 
(Signed,) 

J. H. Goetschius, h. t. President. 
Benjamin Meinema, h. t. Clerk. 
Collatum Concordat. 

58 



1751 



1751 



3180 Ecclesiastical Records 

Correspondence feom America. 

Eevs. G. du Bois, J. Ritzema and L, de Ronde to the Consistory 

at Claverack, IsT. Y. Oct. 4, 1751. 

Portfolio l^ew York, Vol. ii. 

To tlie Rev. Elders of the Consistory of Claverack, at Claverack. 

The Consistory, Gentlemen:— In reply to your letter under date of Sept. 25, it is 
to be noted that according to the Church Order of the Synod of Dordrecht, Art. 10, 
no church is allowed to receive a minister until he has presented lawful certificates 
of his dismissal from the church and the Classis where he ministered before. Now 
Rev. Eggo Tonkens van Hoevenberg, wanted to connect himself with the Coetus in 
this country. On being asked by the Coetus for such lawful certificate, in due form 
as a condition of his admission to its membership, he had none to pi'esent, and was 
on that account refused. The Coetus subsequently reported their action to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, which sent word by the latest ships to the effect that our 
Coetus had dealt justly with Rev. Van Hoevenberg, and that, for good reasons, the 
Classis would have nothing further to do with him. And so, you can readily infer 
what you are to do or to leave undone in reference to this matter. 

At any rate, we, who feel in conscience bound to watch against all confusion, ask 
you to proceed in everything according to good ecclesiastical order, in order that the 
churches may not be rent by discord, but be, by the help of God, built up in unity 
and love. Herewith, wishing you God's blessing, we conclude and remain. 

Gentlemen, your Obedient Servants, 

G. du Bois, 
Joan Ritzema, 

Lambertus De Ronde. 
New York, Oct. 4, 1751. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters from Rev. Wynstok. 

1Y51, Oct. 4tli. Art. 6. Rev. van der Vorm reports that he 
had written to Rev. Wynstok, and had received a full reply from 
him, and therewith also a report about Peter de Wind. Prom 
this the Classis has abundant evidence that said de Wind had 
helped himself to false certificates, making himself a candidate, 
and had deceived the Classis of Amsterdam as well as others. 
Many other proofs were submitted of his wicked and deceitful 
conduct. These papers are now in the keeping of Rev. Van der 
Vorm to be used when and where it may be necessary. Rev. Van 
der Vorm is requested to express our gratitude to the Rev. Mr. 
Wynstok for his faithful and full recital, and to state that this 
Assembly abides by the action of the Rev. Classis of ISTether 
Veluwe. The said Peter de Wind was, furthermore, declared by 
this Classis to be a deceiver. They annulled his appointment, 



OP THE State of New York. 3181 

examination, and ordination as minister at Bergen and Staten 
Island in 'New ISTetlierland. They also resolved that this shameful 
performance by said de Wind shall be made known in an em- 
phatic manner by the Deputies ad res Exteras to the C'oetus of 
ISTew York, and also to the Consistory of Bergen and Staten 
Island, in order that they may, de facto, depose this deceiver, 
nomine Classis. The draft of a letter for this purpose shall be 
handed in Classi sequenti. xii. 256. 

Letter from 'New York and from Batavia. 
Art. 9. The Eev. Deputies ad res Exteras handed in short 
extracts from letters from JSTew York and Batavia. They also 
presented letters which had been composed in answer to the same. 
With these the Assembly was pleased, and they will be sent with 
the Acta Synodalia of 1751 to the churches, xii. 256. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus, October 4, 1Y51. 

Vol. 30, page 233, No. 133. 

To the Coetus of New York. 
Rev. Sirs and Brethren:— 

Your respected lines of May 13, 1759, O. S., signed by Revs. Du Bois, Ritsema and 
De Ronde, were placed in our hands Sept. 6, 1751, by Rev. Mr. Schelluyne. They 
were without address and unsealed. This was all right, if despatched to the care of 
such a gentleman, but might not be so appropriate, if cared for by some one else. 

We are greatly delighted that God has confounded the enemies of his Church, and 
brought to nought, deceit and violence; for he has increased the number of Dutch 
ministers, from time to time, both in the city of New York and in the country at 
large. In proof of this we may say that three young men sent to us, have been 
called unto three churches, rum amicxis. They are soon to present themselves to our 
Classis for examination. May the Lord increase and establish his Church in those 
regions still more, and cause Zion to be built up in peace! To this end we will ever 
strive to do our part with prayer for God's blessing. 

We devoutly wish that the differences between Kingston and New Paltz could, 
ere this, have been settled. With this object in view our Assembly has already 
despatched a letter to Kingston as well as to the Rev. Coetus. We hope that 
thereby, those affairs may be settled, peace established, and all obstacles to the 
issuance of a call by New Paltz be taken out of the way. We also wish that the 
members of Kingston church, and all others who still remain obstinate, would join 
themselves to the Coetus, and dwell together in peace, as brethren. Then would the 
Lord surely command upon them life and blessing. 

Concerning the three ministers who have been called: At present these are, as 
yet, only students. They are Jacobus Frielinghuyzen, called to Mormel, (Marble- 
town), cum annexis; and Rev. Ferdinand Frielinghuyzen, to Kinderhook, upon docu- 
ments presented in due form, both of his membership, and of the call. We will 



1751 



1751 



3182 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

gladly examine them here, both prcparatoir and peremptoir, and if they satisfy 
Classis, we will send them to those churches. Then there is also Barent Vrooman. 
If we can only be assured in refei'ence to this gentleman, that with him the peace 
will be established between Kingston and New Paltz, which is promised, and that 
no new spirit of bitterness will be excited, (he will be duly qualified and sent also.) 
Meantime, we are greatly gratified that the Church of New Paltz has joined itself to 
the Coetus, and that they promise the same for their new pastor. 

We might say much more concerning the church of Kingston, if you had referred 
more definitely to the reply of Rev. Mancius to the letter of the Coetus, addressed 
to the church of Kingston. Meanwhile you may rest assured, that so far as possible, 
we will defend the call on the Rev. Barend Vrooman, if it be legal in its form, and 
will take care to regard no ill-founded suspicions. We also hope that while the 
above-mentioned young man is attending for some little time longer the University 
of Utrecht, all these affairs will be straightened out. 

May the loving kindness of the Lord God abide with you forever. We subscribe 
ourselves, with all good-will, 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

Signed as before. 
In Classical Assembly, 
October 4, 1751. 

P. S.— We enclose herewith the Minutes of the Synod of North Holland of 1751, 
held at Edam. We cannot omit to mention, however, that Rev. De Ronde also 
signed his name to the letter, in behalf of the Coetus of New York; yet no account 
of his appointment has been given either to the church of Surinam, or to our Classis. 
We only know that he set out from Surinam and arrived at New York. It looks as 
if he must have been installed, but no information has reached us thereof. Whether 
any letters have been lost, we know not; but we do know that the Conventus at 
Surinam writes us, that no tidings concerning Rev. De Ronde have been received by 
them. All this appears very strange to Classis. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 
Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Extract from the Records of the Classis of ISTeder Veluwe sent 
to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 1751. Vol. 30, page 249, 
No. 138. Referred to, xxiv, 2. 

Statement concerning Peter De Wind, from a letter of Rev. Peter 
Wynstok, of Harderwyk, despatched Oct. 1751, to Rev. John 
Yander Vorm, preacher at Amsterdam, and read in Classis, 
Oct. 4, 1Y51. 

Peter De Wind was born at St. Thomas, of pious, well-to-do parents. His mother 
still resides at that place, according to a letter from Rev. Kalverlagen of St. John. 
She had told Rev. Kalverlagen that her son was a minister on Long Island in New 
York. At this the said gentleman was much surprised. De Wind had been set apart 
for the Sacred Ministi-y by his parents, who, to that end, had sent him to Mr. 
Abraham ter Borg, at Amsterdam, with the necessary remittances and order. He, 
in order to have him study Latin and Greek, had placed him in the Triviale School, 
at Utrecht, with the co-rector there, until the time that he should publicly graduate. 
Subsequently he was placed at the house of Rev. Peter Wynstok, at Harderwyk, in 
September, 1737. At that Academy they soon became aware of his loose character, 
of his trickery in obtaining money beyond what was allowed him each week. This 
was finally carried to such a length that he clandestinely sold his books. There were 
still other circumstances in his conduct, which made it evident that not much good 
could be expected from him. His father therefore ordered him to return home. He 
was accordingly sent back to his parents in 1738. Since then only unfavorable reports 
have come to Rev. Wynstok about him. Subsequently it was learned that his father 



OF THE State of New Yore. 3183 

had died, and that the son was living at St. Eustace in a greatly impoverished and 
desolate condition. 

In the year 1748, (according to best recollection), Rev. Peter Wynstock received a 
letter from Peter De Wind, who was then lodging in a distillery shop, with a wine 
merchant, in the English Alley, stating that he was desirous of resuming his studies 
in order to become a candidate, and requested counsel and aid. He was answered, 
that if he had not lost his knowledge of the languages, and if his patrimony would 
enable him to study for about three years, he might return, and, provisionally, stay 
at Mr. Wynstock's house, who was also willing to assist him. Some time since, 
without his having given any notice of his intention, De Wind arrived with trunk 
and goods, with a good sum of ready money, at Harderwyk. Alter staying a few 
days with Mr. Wynstock, he took a room where he lived contentedly, and by advice 
of Professor Ten Kate, took private lessons in Hebrew of the Rev. Kalverlagen, who 
has since gone to the isle of St. John. He paid well for his instruction, as far as 
known, did not live irregularly during his stay, and contracted no debts. 

As far as was then known, De Wind was at that time unmarried. Afterward it 
was rumored that he had a wife and children in the West Indies, but it is not known 
whether this is true. He, however, said that both his parents and all his near rela- 
tions were dead. This was in 1748 or 1749, whereas Rev. Kalverlagen whose Decem- 
ber 3, 1750, of speaking with his mother. De Wind, moreover, declared that he was 
the sole possessor of all the abundant means of the family. He remained only a 
short time at Harderwyk, so that he did not secure much of real benefit at the 
Academy. Indeed, Rev. Wynstock never saw him have a theological book in his 
hands; and whenever he tried to converse with him, he had never been able to dis- 
cover the real basis of his present conduct. If he suggested to him, that he should 
more diligently apply himself to the reading and hearing of God's Word, he answered, 
"If I can only become a candidate, I shall want no place in the West Indies." He 
said that he had preached several times with great acceptance; among other places, 
also at St. Eustatius, where Rev. Mr. Wynstock's brother had heard him, etc. But 
upon being questioned further about this, inasmuch as he had no knowledge of the 
principles of theology, nor any aptness in the Bible, he became confused, and could 
give no satisfactory answer. 

When the conversation turned upon the labors of Count Zinzendorf at St. Thomas, 
he answered in an ambiguous manner, or elaborated on the matter in a favorable 
way. He was a man not naturally of an evil disposition, and was well liked in the 
household of Rev. Wynstok. One evening on entering his room, Mr. Wynstok found 
him looking over a lot of papers, of which he was destroying a number. Upon being 
questioned about it, he said that he had been a captain of a bark sailing from the 
West Indies, and had carried on business on these shores. He showed certain letters 
relating to marine affairs. Upon being asked how he could explain the circumstance 
that he had left the bark, without returning home and rendering up his account, and 
had come hither; he promptly answered that his desire to become a minister was so 
great that it had driven him to this course, and that he had sent the bark home- 
supposed to be Jamaica. But what are the exact facts cannot be even surmised. 

Upon being asked on other occasions whether he was a member of the church, as 
he must show that he had been a member for two years, without reproach, before he 
could be examined by any Classis in Holland for licensure, he said that he was a 
member; that to the best of his recollection he had made a confession of his faith 
to the oldest minister in New York, and had enjoyed communion with him. Upon 
being further asked why he had brought no certificate of church membership, he 
could not make much reply. When it was further urged that such neglect might be 
very disadvantageous under his circumstances, as a long time might elapse before 
he could get one, and there might be needed other correspondence ; he then declared 
that a certain man and his wife, who were living at Oostzaan, (whom he named, but 
whose name has escaped Rev. Wynstock,) were acquainted with him in New York, 
and that they had communed together, in New York; that these would be willing to 
testify to this circumstance. He was then advised, that when he went again to 
Amsterdam, (for he sometimes went thither under pretext that some ship had 
arrived, in whose cargo he had an interest,) he should cross over to Oostzaan, and 
obtain a certificate from those parties to that effect. This he did. For upon return- 
ing from Amsterdam on a certain occasion, he allowed Rev. Wynstok to read such a 
certificate from this man and his wife, in which they testified that they had known 
P. De Wind as a member of the church, and that they had communed together in 



1751 



1751 



3184 Ecclesiastical Records 

New York. De Wind suggested that Rev. Wynstok should preserve that note for 
further use, and give it to the pastor of his parish, that the Consistory might 
deliberate upon it. But this note never came under the eye of that Consistory, nor 
was the matter of his membership ever considered, much less, De Wind accepted by 
the Church of Harderwyk and recognized as a member ; for before the time that this 
matter could regulai'ly come up, De Wind went out, (literally, eclipsed,) in the 
following manner: 

At a certain time he said that he must go again to Amsterdam, as a large remit- 
tance of sugar had been consigned to him, in an incoming vessel. He expressed his 
desire to do any service possible, in Amsterdam, for Rev. Wynstok. The latter 
entrusted to him the watch of his youngest son, to be repaired, if possible, at 
Amsterdam. De Wind accordingly departed. It was learned afterward that he had 
taken his trunk and all his effects with him, and no news were heard of him for 
weeks. At this every one was astonished. Yet he had arranged with Professor Ten 
Kate that he would return in a few days. The said watch was finally returned to 
Rev. Wynstok by a gentleman from Amsterdam, with the compliments of De Wind, 
and the statement that the watch could not be repaired. This gentleman had met 
De Wind first at the Hague, and subsequently in a hotel in Rotterdam. Here he had 
handed him the watch, while a goodly sum of money was lying by him on the table. 
At this the said gentleman had admonished him, and exhorted him to take better 
care of his money in a public house. Upon De Wind being asked whether he was 
going to journey back again to Harderwyk, replied, that he was compelled to go to 
Zeeland on business and because of a remittance which had arrived there. What 
was the result of this journey is not known, only the fact appeared that at that time 
he returned to the West Indies. His continued absence, however, confirmed Rev. 
Wynstok and others in their suspicions that he was yet in correspondence with the 
Moravians, although they hoped otherwise. 

But much astonishment was excited when a notice appeared in the journal of 1751, 
that he had been appointed a pastor. It was not believed, at first, that it was the 
same person, but upon further conference and examination, the fact was discovered 
that it was. He had then, and also subsequently used not only the name and person 
of Rev. Wynstok fraudulently, but also the ministry and Classis of Neder Veluwe. 
In all this the public became greatly interested, whereupon, after inquiries, the case 
was dealt with by the Rev. Classis of Neder Veluwe, as indicated in the preceding 
extract. 

That this extract conforms to the contents of the above mentioned letter, testifies 

James Tyken, Depp. CI. Amst. p. t. Scriba. 

Correspondence from America. 

The Reformed Churcli of Kingston, N. Y. per Rev. G. W. Man- 
cius, to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 11, 1751. 

(Portfolio New York, Vol, ii, xxiii, 214. Reference, xxiv, 8.) 

To the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 

Very Reverend, Godly, Learned and Much Esteemed Sirs, Fathers and Brethren in 
Christ:— 

From your Revs, agreeable letter of the 3rd of May, 1751, which was safely 
delivered to us in September, through the care of Rev. Boel, we learn with pleasure 
that, when you have received an answer to your communication from the Coetus, 
you will be pleased to give a decision in the matter of differences between us and 
the Paltz. Wherefore, in answer to your esteemed missive, and in defense of our 
side of the matter, we find ourselves obliged to submit the following to your earnest 
consideration. 

Like yourselves, we deplore the continued disagreements between us and the 
Coetus; but that we are not the cause of them, we can safely leave to your righteous 
judgement to determine. From our letters to some of the gentlemen of the Coetus, 
to which we made some allusion in our former communications to you, and also from 
oral conversation with Revs. Ritzema and Haeghoort, it is sufficiently clear that we 
have been seeking after peace and pursuing it; and that, in the matter of those 



OP THE State op New York. 3185 

1751 

differences, we would have treated with the Coetus in a friendly and fraternal 
spirit, if we had been dealt with properly and in accordance with Church Order, 
and the Paltz had not been stiffened up in its obstinacy. 

The conduct of Rev. Goetschius is, indeed, such as we have indicated to your 
Reverences. Possibly, however, it has been, or yet will be represented to your Revs, 
in a distorted way, in a marred and perverted form. And, judging from the word- 
ing used, conveying the idea that Rev. Fryenmnth had found out that the Paltz is 
an independent church, and has not bound itself to Rev. Mancius, we suspect indeed 
that such a thing has already happened. 

Very Worthy Sirs and Fathers, in our letter of April 2G, 1750, we briefly mentioned 
the fact that some of the Paltz people had been disciplined by the Consistory before 
the call and arrival of Rev. Mancius to Kingston, and that, therefore, the Paltz 
belonged to Kingston before Rev. Mancius became our minister; yea, was under 
Kingston already in the time of Rev. Nucella, as our church records prove. 

The reason given, that the letter of our minister had been sent to the Paltz because 
no one was present at the Coetus to speak for the Paltz, does not look to us very 
credible; inasmuch as Rev. (J. H.) Goetschius, who claims to be minister of the 
Paltz, was present at the Coetiis and could have spoken for the Paltz; and the Paltz 
could have been informed thereof without the sending of the letter. Therefore the 
sending of the letter of Rev. Mancius thither, was, , in our opinion, designed to set 
those people up against our minister, and to make him hateful among them— an 
object which was in some measure gained. It also appears to us to have been need- 
less, not to say stupid, to send Rev. Fryenmuth to the I'altz to find out whether it 
was an independent church; seeing that the Coetus, or at least Rev. du Bois, was 
fully aware of the fact that the Paltz, at the time when it was still served by 
French ministers, was an independent church. This fact we also do not deny, as 
your Revs, can see distinctly in that communication signed by Revs, du Bois, 
Antonides and Boel, and which was approved by yourselves. 

But the question under dispute is, Whether The Paltz, is yet under the direction 
of the church of Kingston, because it once connected itself with Kingston, and 
remained so connected until the time of Jan Van Driessen's intrusion. This, we 
think, the Coetus will never be able to prove satisfactorily. We must also at this 
point make the observation that, so far as we know, not one of the members living 
and belonging to the Paltz at present, became a member under the French minis- 
ters; but that the Coetus is now taking under its protection particularly such as 
have become members under Jan Van Driessen, who was without any recognition, — 
takes them to be members of our churches. Whether, now, such members, received 
by Jan Van Driessen, who was without any recognition, are to be taken as true and 
genuine members of our churches — that we humbly ask your Revs, to determine 
for us. 

Once again: We honestly declare to your Revs., that we shall be glad to consent to 
the separation of the Paltz, (from Kingston), if it can be brought about in an 
ecclesiastical manner, and in a proper way. We must mention in addition, that Rev. 
Prelinghuisen, minister at Albany, has also been at the Paltz for the purpose of 
securing a call for Mr. (Barent) Vrooman. He, in company with Mr. Frelinghuisen, 
has possibly by this time presented himself to your Revs, for examination. To this 
call, those members also who have always remained faithful to our church, have 
put their signatures. We have nothing, indeed, against that call, and, therefore, 
desire the Lord's blessing upon it; but we are opposed to the Rev. Theodorus Frie- 
linghuiseu's methods of obtaining it. But, as Rev. Frielinghuisen has, by letter, 
asked our minister to excuse him for it, we will make no remarks on the matter, 
but leave it to your Rev's, wise and penetrating judgement. 

We agree with your Revs, that these differences might possibly not have arisen ; 
or, having once arisen, might have been most easily settled, if at the outset we had 
resorted to the Coetus. But, if your Revs, had, like us, seen and experienced the 
party-spirit manifested in the organization of the Coetus, toward those who . 
advanced some objections against it, (some specimens of which may be given in the 
letters of Revs. Antonides, Boel, Muzelius and Mancius addressed to yourselves), 
your Revs, would very likely, have acted in no different way to that which we did. 
We hope to give practical evidence of our due respect for the subordination to your 
Revs, on every occasion, although we have not yet been able to make up our minds 
as to joining the Coetus. For, who would be willing to have his public opponents 
act as his judges? And who could, in conscience, give them his confidence? Had 



3186 



Ecclesiastical Records 



the Coetus acted in the matter of the Paltz, and dealt with us, in a proper ecclesi- 
astical manner, (as your Revs, have done with the Coetus in reference to this 
matter), we should upon receiving your Revs, former communication, have about 
resolved to connect ourselves with the Coetus. But their action, partisan in spirit 
and directly at variance with the National Synod as it was, discouraged us. Rev. 
Haeghoort also stated, in a full meeting of our Consistory, that things were done in 
Coetus in an irregular way; and that the gentlemen of New York were seeking to 
rule. We have no doubt at all that your Revs, have the idea that there is good in 
the Coetus. Otherwise you would not have allowed it. But, however great the 
necessity for ecclesiastical meetings, and therefore, for a Coetus, your Revs, know 
better than we do, that immoderate use has often been made of such meetings by 
ambitious men for perverting things and managing them to their own liking. 

While we know that abuse (in the Coetus) does not take away its use, still we 
are afraid of it; for in the ti-eatment of our differences, we have had as yet no 
practical evidence of its usefulness. And we hope and desire that time may not 
teach the truth of the common saying, that "Maladies are frequently born of reme- 
dies." Nor is it unknown to us that, in case of supposed wrong, the way is open to 
us for appeal to your Revs. But, first, that cannot well be taken without estrange- 
ments and bickerings with the Coetus; and then, the same way will have to be taken 
after all which we are following: "Quodcumque fieri potest per pauca frustra fit 
per plura." 

We thank your Revs, for your gracious declaration that you have not lost sight of 
our correspondence, and heart for the same. We hope so to conduct ourselvess that 
in the future your Revs, will have do reason to lose sight of, and heart for these 
things. On our part we shall make it as unobjectionable as possible, and not trouble 
your Revs., save in very grave cases. We are well convinced that your Revs, will 
not allow the Coetus to oppress us or arbitrarily rule over us; and we ask that v/e 
may always experience your Revs, gracious protection. At the same time we pray 
Almighty God, that it may please His Divine Majesty long to keep your precious 
persons in the service of the Church, and to cause to rest upon you the spirit of 
wisdom and of understanding, of counsel and of might, in order to strengthen you 
in your manifold troxibles, and to enable you to give counsel to the far distant 
churches in their distresses. And may the Lord overshadow your persons and your 
ministi-y with every blessing. We remain. 

Very Worthy Sirs, Fathers and Brethren in Christ, 

The Kev. Consistory of the Dutch Reformed Church at Kings- 
ton. In the name and by the authority of all, 

tr- i ^ X .. .» . G. W. Mancius. 

Kingston, Oct. 11, 1751. 



Acts of the Coetus, Held at E'ew York, October 16-23, 1Y51, 

In Acts of Classis, xxiii, 261. Eef erred to, xxiv. 13. 

Session I. — Wednesday, October 16, 1751 — Forenoof. 

The Assembly was opened with prayer by the President of the last Coetus. Ew 
ordine J. Leydt became President, and J. H. Goetschius, Clerk. 



Members Present. 



J. Leydt, Pres. 

J. H. Goetschius, CI. 

A. Curtenius 
R. Erickson 
J. Ritzema 

B. Meinema 

U. Van Sinderen 

C. Fryenmoet 

B. Van Der Linde 
J. Frelinghuysen 
L. De Ronde 
S. Verbryck 
Michael Fraeland 



Elder, L. Voorhees 

" D. Kuyper 

" J. Brinckerhoff 

" H. Bennet 

" C. Bancker 

" J. Du bois 

A. Lott 

" J. Van Neste 

" B. Van Hoorn 

" S. Van Arsdalen 

" J. Roosevelt 

" J. Haring 
" Van Bergen 



OF THE State op New York. 3187 

It was decided that Dom. De Wint should not sit as a member of the Coetus. 

1. Reading of Minutes.— The Minutes of the last Coetus was read as transcribed by 
Dom. Ritzema, the Extraordinary Clerk, and found to agree with the original. 

The session closed with thanksgiving, and the time for meeting again appointed 
for half past two, P. M. 

Session II. — Afteenoon. 

1. Minutes. — After earnest prayer, the remarks made upon tlie minutes of the last 
Coetus were taken ad referendum. 

2. Ol)jeotions to the Call of Arondeus. — Dom. Van Sinderen and Ab. Lott, as deputed 
by their congregations, and B. Ryder, deputed by Gravesend, presented their reasons 
against the call of Arondeus, signed by each of their villages, to the number of 158 
heads of families. (See next paper.) 

3. Proposal of his Friends.— J. Lott, Ph. Nagel, D. Bodet, Jer. Remsen, engage, in 
the name of their friends, to accept Dom. Van Sinderen and acknowledge him as 
lawful minister, on condition that he and his friends shall aid in the call of Aron- 
deus. This being stated to them, they at once agreed to it, with the addition that 
this being agi'eed to, the other side should suppress their other grievances against 
Dom. Van Sinderen. 

4. He enjoined to appear. — The Assembly strongly charged Arondeus to bring his 
people with him to-morrow, at 9 A. M. if his bodily health at all permitted. This he 
promised to do. 

Session III. — Thursday, October 17 — Forenoon. 

1. (Ad. Sess. II., 1.) The reason above mentioned of Dom. Van Sinderen and his 
congregation were made known to the opposite party. 

2. Arondeus Questioned.— Arondeus having entered, was asked if he desired a call 
from Kings County, forwarded through the Coetus? He said, Yes, provided he was 
not to be held a member of the Coetus; and also, that whenever dissatisfied with 
their decisions, he might appeal to the English Church and the English law. 

3. Then the reasons of Dom. Van Sinderen were furnished to him, that he might 
make his defence, at six o'clock, this afternoon. 

Session IV. — Afternoon. 

1. Postponement. — After the opening with prayer, Arondeus and his party came in, 
and were asked for their defence; but as the.y complained of being unprepared, 
because of the illegibleness of the MS. reasons furnished to him, a better copy was 
provided, and they were ordered to appear the next morning, at nine, A. M. 

2. Dom. Frelinghuysen' s Quaeriturs. — He proposed these: (1). Does the question before 
Coetus respect the calling of Arondeus or the sentence upon him? (2) Has not the 
Coetus heard enough on both sides, to judge whether it is expedient that Arondeus 
should be called along with Van Sinderen? (3) What does the Coetus judge respect- 
ing the last parts of Arondeus's reply? (Sess. III., 2.) 

3. Case of De Wint. — A letter was read from P. De Wint, the contents of which and 
some other articles induced the Assembly to consider whether the sentence already 
given should be made heavier. Whereupon it was resolved, 1. That the Assembly 
rests in the sentence pronounced. 2, That in future the two nearest ministers of 
the New York Circle shall act for the good of the congregation. 3. That De Wint 
shall give to the Extraordinary Clerk a copy of the letter he sent to Holland. 4. That 
he shall receive a copy of the original of his testimonial, given in the name of the 
Assembly, and signed by the two nearest ministers. 5. That the Assembly will 
comply with the request of the Rev. Classis to give further statement of their views 
of De Wint, and of the reasons of his suspension; for which purpose Dom. Freling- 
huysen and Dom. Pryenmoet are a committee, to report early to-morrow. 

Session V. — Friday, October 18 — ^Forenoon. 

After devout prayer to God: 

1. (Ad Sess. IV., 5.) Report of the Committee.— Bom. Frelinghuysen and Fr.yenmoet 
presented the draft they were directed to prepare, which was unanimously approved. 



1751 



3188 Ecclesiastical Records 

and ordered to be signed by the President and Clerk, and sent to the Rev. Classis 
by the first opportunity. The committee were thanked for their care and pains. 

2. Postponement of Arondeus's Defence.— Arondeus being present, was requested to 
make his defence against Van Sinderen and the congregations; but he complained of 
the imperfection of his copy of the charges; it was read over, compared with the 
original, and put in the desired form. But this took so much time that the defence 
was put olf till the afternoon. 

3. His answer to another cliarge. — It was testified that he said that the Rev. Coetus 
had wickedly deceived the Rev. Classis, and that he could prove that before the 
Assembly. He, in reply, admitted it, with this explanation: that the Coetus had 
persuaded the Rev. Classis that he had exercised his ministry on Long Island eight 
months before he received a call, and that his call was unlawful, whereas it was 
lawful. 

Session VI. — Afternoon. 

After prayei-, the minutes were read, without remark, except as to the case of 
Bodet, which was taken ad referendum. 

1. (Ad Sess. V. 2, II. 2, IV. 2.) Defence of Arow^CMS.— Arondeus was summoned to 
answer the protest against his new call in Kings County, especially the objections, 
to which he gave answer in detail. 

(These objections and answers are given in such condensed terms, and refer to so 
many minute circumstances, that they could hardly be understood by the modern 
reader. They are therefore omitted from the translation.) 

2. Reasons for his Call. — Being requested to give his reasons for the call upon him, 
he said; 1. Because Van Sinderen refused to serve the people. 2. The Classis desired 
it. 3. He himself desired it, and would become a member of the Coetus. 4. So many 
people were for him. 5. To do otherwise would cause greater trouble. 

3. Charges against Van /SineZcrem.— Arondeus's people presented charges against Van 
Sinderen in two papers, he himself in one, on which both enlarged anew. These 
charges were now ordered to be read; but, being found to be unsigned, the parties 
were called in. Arondeus authenticated his in person, and Ph. Nagel signed the 
other. Dan Bodet also introduced and signed some before the Assembly. All these 
were read. Arondeus and friends were then asked if these charges had been before 
the Classis? Answer: Those contained in Arondeus's paper, except some not sworn 
to, which, however, are the heaviest. They were asked further, Is it your aim that 
Van Sinderen shall answer these before lis? Answer: Yes; that the Coetus may see 
why we do not pay Van Sinderen, and why we are opposed to him. 

4. Committee on the Whole Cose.— Messrs. De Ronde and Frelinghuysen were 
appointed a committee to devise measures in respect to a call upon Arondeus, by 
which he should be rendered a fit person to receive such call. This committee's 
plan was approved, and submitted to Arondeus and his friends. He said that he 
would conform to it, if it were not to be sent to the Classis, because there was some 
accusations in it which he could not admit. When asked if he would conform, pro- 
vided it were not sent to the Classis, he said yes, and that he would do his utmost 
to carry it out. With this the Assembly was satisfied. 

Separated with thanksgiving, to meet again on Monday afternoon, at three o'clock 



Session VII. — Monday, October 21 — Afternoon. 

After earnest prayer to God, the minutes of the last session were read. 

1. Parties Present— Arondeus, Jacob Remsen, Ph. Nagel, Dan. Bodet, John Lott, 
being present, Dom. Van Sinderen was ordered to defend himself against their 
charges. 

2. Quaerilurs Proposed.— Bom. Van Sinderen asked if matters which had been before 
the Classis must now again come up before the Coetus? Also, if matters which had 
been considered and decided by the Coetus must be overhauled again? 

3. Diswissec?,. —These Quaeriturs were passed by, and the Assembly directed Dom. 
Van Sinderen to give his answer to-morrow, at nine. 

The Assembly separated, with thanksgiving. The Tcmpus Conventius appointed at 
9 A. M. 



OP THE State op New York. 3189 



1751 



Session VIII. — Tuesday, October 22 — Forenoon. 

After prayer to God, the minutes of the preceeding session were read and approved. 

1. The defence of Dom. Sinderen and his congregation was heard. 

(The original record gives this in detail, but the statements, inasmuch as they 
refer continually to documents not recorded, and not now extant, are even still less 
intelligible to modern readers than those in the defence of Arondeus, referred to on 
p. Isiv. They are therefore for the same reason omitted here.) 

Session IX. — Afternoon. 

After prayer, the minutes were read and approved. The defence of Dom. Van 
Sinderen were continued. 

1. (This section is omitted, for the reason mentioned above.) Assembly deliberated 
in the fear of the Lord, with great brotherly love and provident concern for the 
distracted Church of Kings County. Finally, the Rev. Messrs. Frelinghuysen and 
De Ronde were unanimously appointed a committee to prepare a second plan for 
the further action of the Assembly, in the case first of Van Sinderen, and then of 
both parties. 

3. New Consistory to he chosen.— It was also determined that the ministers of the 
Coetus, and their respective elders, shall be deputed to preside over the confession- 
sermons (Behjdcnis predikatien) of Dom. Van Sinderen and Dom. Arondeus, in order 
at the same time to put a Consistory in each church, in this way: each party in 
every village in Kings County, save Gravesend, shall nominate eight of the most 
moderate and peaceful persons, from all of whom the committee shall choose eight- 
four elders and four deacons— an equal number for each party, whom, after being 
three times published, they shall ordain according to custom, when each has, under 
his own hand, submitted to the Coetus. 

4. Reproof of the Disorderly.— Oi the ministers, with their elders, appointed to hear 
the confessions of Van Sinderen and Arondeus, in the presence of the whole congre- 
gation, in the Platbush Church, one shall, on the same day, deliver before the con- 
gregation a Peace Discourse, in which he shall rebuke all those, whether members 
of Consistory or others, who have had a hand in these irregular proceedings, or 
given occasion to such disorderly things, and charge them in future to conduct 
themselves in all brotherly love and discretion. 

5. Ordination of Consistory.— On the day the confession was made, the ministers 
shall choose the Consistory, and the following day preach twice, give the threefold 
publication of the chosen Consistory, and then ordain them. Thus will the way be 
prepared for a regular call upon Arondeus, together with Van Sinderen. At the 
same time Van Sinderen must be recognized as a lawful minister, according to his 
call, and his just claims satisfied, among which the arrears due him are in all 
equity to be reckoned. 

6. Report of the Committee.— The plan of the Rev. Messrs. Frelinghuysen and 
De Ronde was read in the Assembly, and unanimously approved, and the committee 
thanked for their pains. The first portion, which related to Dom. Van Sinderen, 
was laid before him. He agreed to it, and confessed his faults. At the same time 
he presented a complaint against his own party, viz., the Consistory. The second 
portion, which defines what both shall confess in their confession-sermons, was laid 
before them, and the answer delayed until to-morrow. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving. Tcmpus Conventius to-morrow, at 
nine, A. M. 



Session X. — Wednesday, October 23 — Forenoon. 

After prayer, the minutes were read according to custom, and two exceptions 
taken. 

1. (Ad. Sess. IX., 4.) Request of Nagel, eic— Phil Nagel, Dan. Bodet, and Dan. Duryea, 
being at their own request, introduced, inquired whether the confession-sermons of 
both could be softened in any degree, and were answered that their request would 
be taken ad referendum. 



3190 Ecclesiastical Records 

2. (Ad Sess. IX., 6.) Answers.— The Assembly is satisfied with the answer of Dom, 
Van Sinderen, submitting to the decision; but Ab. Lott has no authority to declare 
anything contrary to the opinion of their people, and continues to refuse to call 
Arondeus. 

Arondeus asked whether, if he did not submit to the confession-sermon, he was to 
expect no call from Long Island? At his request for delay, for time to consider, he 
is allowed till this afternoon, at two o'clock. 

Assembly separated with thanksgiving. Tcmpua Conrcntius at two, P. M. 

Session XI. — Wednesday Afternoon. 

After prayer, the minutes were read and approved. 

1. Answer to Aronclcus's Quaerit.—This was, that if he did not conform to the 
measures of the Coetus, no call on him from Long Island would be allowed. 

2. Answer to Nagel, etc.—F. Nagel, D. Bodet, and Dan. Duryee were informed that 
the Coetus adheres to its former resolution. 

3. Arondeus's Categorical Awswer.— Arondeus said that he would confess as much aa 
his conscience and reason would allow according to God's Word, maintaining all 
freedom in words, and governing himself in all things by the letter of the Coetus. 
Jacob Remsen declared, in the name of Brooklyn, that they would never recognize 
Dom. Van Sinderen as Minister, unless he again went around for a new call; but an 
elder from that village showed himself inclined to peace, and willing to do his best 
thereto. Ph. Nagel, from Flatbush, said that they would not be bound for Van 
Sinderen's back salary, but if his friends will unite with us, we will have both Van 
Sinderen and Arondeus for our ministers. Yet, for myself, I promise, as a pattern 
to others, to bestow a gift, althougb not so much as my arrears on salary, and to 
urge the same on others. Dan Bodet, in the name of Bushwick, said that that vil- 
lage was inclined to peace, and willing to pay both preachers, provide the others do 
for the future. As for the arrears, he himself would make a gift, posf;ibly more 
than was at present due from him, and would do his best to induce others to do the 
same. This was confirmed by William Leeting, for himself. John Lott, in the 
name of New Amersfort, said that they were for peace and for both ministers; if 
Van Sinderen's friends would accept and pay Arondeus, they would for the future 
do the same for Van Sinderen. As for arrears, they would take that into considera- 
tion. The delegate from N. Utrecht, being absent on account of domestic circum- 
stances, Arondeus, in their name, reported their willingness to receive Van Sinderen 
in the same form and manner as himself. 

4. Decision.— The parties having withdrawn, it was unanimously determined that 
the committee on the confessions and the choosing of the Consistory should see that 
Arondeus performed all the things mentioned in the letter, and that he should have 
freedom of words. The committee should also take care seriously and conscien- 
tiously that Van Sinderen's an-ears are made good. 

5. The Committee.— The Rev. Messrs. Rilzema, De Ronde, and Frelinghuysen, each 
with an elder, and Dom. Brickson and Leydt for Secundi, were appointed the com- 
mittee; to meet on Tuesday, November 26th; but if the weather is unfit for traveling 
on the previous Monday, then on the 27th. 

6. It is also agreed that between this time and Nov. 26th, Arondeus may prosecute 
his ministry in Kings County, in statu quo. 

7. Queens County.— It the Committee can be of any service to Queens County, the 
Coetus hereby intrusts that matter to them. 

The Assembly was closed with thanksgiving to God. 

(Signed,) John Leydt, h. t. President. 

Collatum Concordat. J. H. Goetschius, h. t. Clerk. 

Protest, Delivered to the Coetus of ISTew York [on Oct. 
16] BY Rev. Ulplandus Van Sinderen and One Hundred 
AND Fifty-eight Fathers of Families. October 1751. 
Portfolio, " ISTew York ", Vol. ii. 

It is our desire that the (Coetus) Assembly may be blest, and receive light and 
truth for its guidance in every path of righteousness. 



OF THE State of New York. 3191 

We, the Consistories, and the entire Magistracy, together with the other members 
of the Church of Jesus Christ in Kings County although represented by our oppo- 
nents as a small and insignificant number, have nevertheless unitedly and vrith one 
accord, as our names herewith appear, considered what we are bound in conscience 
to do, in the matter of the call of Rev. Joh. Arondeus as our pastor and teacher. 

Rev. Fathers! the calling of a minister is not a trifling matter. It is not a work 
of mere human affection and peaceableness; of forgiving one his misconduct; or not 
counting against him his robbing of reputations, and use of slanderous language. 
All these things we are cheerfully willing to do in the case of the one above named. 
But the making out of a Call, in accordance with our Church Order, that we wait 
upon the Lord with fasting and prayer. On the use of these means, the eternal wel- 
fare of our souls, as well as of those of the members of our families, depends. On 
the use of these means, depend the comfort, refreshment and edification of God's 
people in this life; while, on the other hand, the neglect of them, leads to the 
destruction of our churches, the strengthening of the hands of the ungodly, th& 
grieving of God's people, disruptions and quarrels. This our sad experience, in con- 
nection with an ill-directed call has now taught us. Do not take it amiss, therefore, 
when, at such a time, we want to go to work with deliberation. Do not take It 
amiss, when we neither can nor will be pressed to consent to a call, which at bottom 
we take to be so injurious. 

We consider a call extended to Rev. John Arondeus to be of such a character. We 
cannot, we may not, we dare not incur guilt in this matter. Every quality which 
we ought to look for in a minister is wanting in him. This, your own decision, 
arrived at last year, shows. Is the man improved? Has he in the least shown him- 
self penitent? Ah! tell us. Rev. Fathers, in what respect? and you will easily bring 
us over to your mind. But as the case now stands, we must tell you, that we leave 
it to your judgement whether we have no good reason to abide by our refusal. 

1. Notwithstanding every friendship shown h'm, every benefit bestowed upon him, 
he has been unwilling to be our minister. On his arrival we gave him three hundred 
pounds. We showed him great honor and respect. But, against all Church Order, 
he has absolved himself from his call, and hired himself out, (elsewherel, for a time, 
not without giving the appearance of his being actuated by covetousness. And at 
last, he entirely left us in our need. In this, however we observe the good hand of 
God. 

2. Ought we to call a man who, as he himself declares, has heard a voice from God 
telling him to go? For, if he is indeed a man worthy of receiving such communica- 
tions, ought we to tempt him to be disobedient thereto, and cause him to fare like 
the prophet who prophesied against Bethel? But, if he did not hear a voice from 
God saying. Go, as we really think, he must have been addressed by a spirit of 
fanaticism, or else he must be acting under false pretenses. If the former is the 
case, does the Assembly advise us to call a person who is a fanatic? If it is the 
latter, that is no qualification to commend a minister to a church for a call. 

3. Ought we to bring a curse upon Mm? This will take place if he stays. For, he 
has often, under solemn oath, declared, "May God punish me, if I remain in this 
country." Would the curse upon him be a blessing to the churches that call him? 
Surely not. 

4. Why should we call him to fill the office of the ministry? For before your last 
meeting, not five weeks ago, he said that in five years he would do no more family 
visiting, and that he would accept no call, save as one hired for a term of years. 
Does the Rev. Assembly conscientiously advise us to call such a m.an? Does it 
consider such a man properly fitted for our churches? And does it thus clear its 
conscience? 

5. What is there in him that is commendable and would be suitable for our 
churches? Why, therefore, should the Assembly ask us to call him? Should the 
Assembly recommend, and consider it right, for us to call the man whom it recently 
called, "a disturber of our Israel", as was done at the session preceding the last. 
We, indeed, believe that he is "a disturber of our Israel". Would such a course be 
acting the part of faithful overseers of the churches of Jesus? Or is the man, per- 
haps, now changed? But what evidence. Rev. Fathers, did he give of that change, 
previous to your last meeting only four weeks ago? Did he prove it in his public 
slander of three of your members? Or, in the bloody threats he made? Certainly 
not. Well then, he Is still "the disturber of Israel", and ought we to call such a 
man? 



1751 



3192 Ecclesiastical Records 

6. We have no right to have anything to flo with a call, which we perceive must 
be to the detriment of our churches, and cause sadness to their people. Will healing 
come by him, who, from the first, showed his malignancy and passion by unsettling 
good order? Shall such a one, without showing any sign of change, be deemed fit 
by your Revs, for restoring order? Where are the qualities in him necessary to that 
end? Where is the meekness, the peaceableness, the modesty, the ability to bear 
with evil men? Where do we see in him the wisdom, the prudence, the discretion 
which we look for in a person whom we call to be our minister? Are not all oppo- 
site traits to be found in him, instead? Who cut off, without any ecclesiastical pro- 
cedure, the entire Church at Gravesand? (Gravesend). Who attacked publicly from 
the pulpit the name and fame of respected members of his church? Who made so 
many bloody threats? Who made trouble in other churches? Who infringed on our 
rights? If now he wants us to call Jiim, and we should call him, would it not be 
like bringing the Trojan horse, on Sinon's advice, within the walls? like casting fire 
Into the temple? like leading the wolf into the sheepfold? like putting the lion, 
before he is willing to eat straw, with the small cattle in the barn-yard? Would 
we be guiltless? and ought an Assembly, so greatly revered, decide such a thing to 
be right and advisable? 

7. We have no right to call one who closes up the way to peace and rest in our 
troubled churches. But with this man, that would be the case. For, if we call 
Arondeus, the discord will continue. Whereas, if we do not, we can call another 
minister to be associated with Rev. Van Sinderen, who will be agreeable to both 
parties, and on whom minds now divided, can unite. Thus strife will cease, like 
fire for lack of wood: like the light of a lamp for lack of oil. 

8. If he is, indeed, imworthy of a place in the pulpit, why should wc put him there 
as one eminently fit? Ought one who intruded himself into the churches, and who 
actually came, (as he himself declared), to oust the minister of these churches,— 
ought he not himself to be thrust out and ousted? What other kind of judgement 
does our Church Order pass upon such intruders? Yea, indeed, what was your own 
judgement, at that time when you desired that a general silence should be imposed 
upon Mm? Ought we to call him who despises all law who mocks at his judges, 
who slanders Assemblies, and who, for the evil which he has done us, stands 
already adjudged, by the ecclesiastical court, as unworthy of being received else- 
where?— Judge ye. Men and Brethren! 

9. And what would be the consequences? To call a man back to the same place, 
which, after having created there a great disturbance, he ungratefully left; and into 
which, afterwards, in an unecclesiastical way, he again intruded himself: a man 
who swore that he would not stay there; a man against whom church Assemblies 
give warning; a man who is unwilling to perform certain parts of his ofl5ce as 
minister:— think of it, Men and Brethren, what the consequences must be. 

(a) Will not every Demas and Diotrephes, eager for a pleasant place, seek to get 
a following, thrust himself in by force, and then, besides, get himself ecclesiastically 
accepted, as this man has done, and now. again desires to do? 

(b) Will not every schismatic person bring in a minister after his own heart, thus 
disturbing the peace and causing trouble? and then even triumph and glory in it, as 
Ms partisans have done and still desire to do? Under such circumstances, how soon 
will our Zion be ploughed through like a field! How soon will every protecting wall 
of Church Order be thrown down, and the wild boar enter to tear up root and 
branch! 

Therefore, Rev. Fathers, the matter is a very important one. We ask you, we beg 
you, we look to you, for that which we have proved to be your duty, and which 
you, by your action of last year, did set before us as your example. Oh! help ua 
against this intruder. Remove this oppressor. Restrain this violator of our fathers' 
privileges, this ravisher of our own. Do not bind him as a burden on our hearts. 
Seek to protect us against his rage. Say not that you have no power to do this. 
We desire of you nothing more than your ecclesiastical judgement against him. We 
do not ask you for a band of soldiers or men armed with political autliority. No; 
but only for your decision that he must go. Give us that, and (or even?) a stranger 
will have pity on us. We continue to hope that you will not refuse such a reason- 
able request, but that you will join hands with us for the maintenance of our rights 
and the preservation of our excellent Rules. 

Be it known, however, to the Rev. Assembly, that we are not at all actuated in 
this by some special hate or anger. If there is anything of the kind in our hearts 



OP THE State of New York. 3193 

against Rev. Arondeus, we are willing to be reconciled with him. It is only the 
matter of his being called by us, and of his intruding himself into our churches, that 
we are speaking of. And we humbly pray God, that this man, Arondeus, may be led 
to have a knowledge of himself, to turn about and humble himself, and to show 
himself to be a different man. In such event, we would not refuse him. We forgive 
him the wrong done us. For his slander and threats, we shall not persecute him, 
or seek his destruction. But we will rejoice when God gives him repentance unto 
life. And who knows, Men and Brethren, if he be justly dealt with, if he be 
humbled, but that the Lord will bless such treatment of him, and he may yet be 
saved as if by fire; and that he will thank you, and God, for the means used, 
though they proved to be to the destruction of the flesh. Thus you would also find 
your own conscience kept from violation; and thus all the ends of ecclesiastical 
authority would be gained. 

This, Rev. Blathers, O you who are the Hope of our Churches, the Maintainers of 
our Order the Defenders of our Church Rights, is what we now desire to bring 
before you for your consideration. Keeping a copy of this letter, we hope to send 
it also to the Rev. Classis, and to stand by it. 

The Lord reigns! 
Amen. 
No 6. In the name of all, 

U. Van Sinderen. 
Done at Vlackebosch, 

October 1751. 

N. B. Accompanying this were one hundred and fifty eight names of heads of 

families who were all against calling Arondeus, and who were exclusively of Kings 

County. 

Entitled on the Back: 

Protest delivered to the Coetus by U. Van Sinderen and one hundred and fifty 

eight fathers of families. To be found also in the letter of Job. Frielinghuysen, 

being No. 142. 

CORBESPONDEISrCE IN" AmEBICA. 

The Coetus, (per Eev. J. Eitzema,) to Rev. John Arondeus. 

'No date, but probably October, 1751. 

Portfolio, " New York ", Vol. ii. 

My dear Sir and Brother Arondeus:— 

The Assembly is deeply affected with grief and sorrow of heart, at what it has 
come to know about your affairs as well as those of your party. God is witness 
that the Assembly's aim is not your ruin and destruction, but your life and salva- 
tion. Its desire is not that you should become useless to the Church of God; but its 
heartfelt prayer is that God may make you worthy and meet for your responsible 
ministry. We shall all have to rend in oiir account; and, possibly, the day is near 
at hand in which we, ourselves, in particular, who have had souls entrusted to us, 
must give account as to how we have acquitted ourselves of our duty with regard 
to them. The Assembly is of opinion, that this thought, particularly, ought to make 
you feel humble. Inasmuch as so many evidences of your misconduct, in the matter 
in question, have come to its knowledge, it feels in conscience bound, however much 
its compassion would have it otherwise, to require of you to make a confession of 
your misconduct, before it dares to decide on the expediency of your again being 
called to Long Island. 

1. The Assembly had hoped that love for so many immortal souls would weigh so 
much upon your heart that you could not cut yourself loose from them so easily: 
and it now expects that you will humble yourself before God, on that account, and 
promise never again thus lightly to leave your charge. 

2. It grieved the Assembly that you with levity pretended, and also haughtily and 
falsely, to have been called away, or led to go away from Long Island, by God him- 
self. For this, in particular, yoxi may well humble yourself before the Omniscient 
One; and promise that, in future you will guard yourself against such arrogance. 



1751 



3194 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. The AssemTaly also abhoi-s with extreme detestation that habit of lightly invok- 
ing curses upon yourself. It feels that you will have to ask God humbly, indeed, to 
avert such curses from you; and that you will have to guard yourself against such 
invocations of curses, as being utterly shameful and unbecoming, even in a common 
member, and much more in a Christian minister. 

4. The Assembly has also noticed your refusal to perform that very necessary part 
of a minister's service, family visiting. It could not possibly render any assistance 
in again helping you to a call, unless you would solemnly promise to acquit yourself 
also of this part of your duty. 

5. The Assembly could also heartily wish that you had given more evidence of a 
meek spirit, in imitation of our great Master. To its sorrow, it has clearly observed 
the contrary in several or your expressions, both by mouth and pen; yea, even in 
the fact that you did not hesitate to assail the good name of the Coetus. And so, 
for one thing after another, it now expects of you nothing less than, with a humble 
heart, to confess your guilt in all this, and promise to keep yourself from such 
defamations in the future. 

6. It also grieved the Assembly to hear of your imprudent conduct in other 
churches and of the inevitable troubles caused thereby. The Coetus expects that 
you will promise to conduct yourself more prudently hereafter. 

7. Besides, the Assembly asks you to confess, and that with penitence, that you 
intruded yourself, in a very illegal way, into the Church of Long Island; and to 
promise hereafter to conduct yourself in every respect, and also in the matter of a 
call, in accordance with Church Order. 

8. Not less does the Assembly exhort and request you most earnestly to see to it, 
that, without the least fear of man, you explain, in purity and sincerity, the Word 
of God, and apply it forcibly to the minds of your hearers; and thus ever keep a 
conscience void of offence before God and men by having proclaimed the whole 
Counsel of God. 

Observe, my brother, that this is what we felt must be proposed to you, before 
we could enter upon that important business of your again being called (to any 
church.) 

The Assembly does not do this to put the bl&me upon you, or to rob you of your 
good name; but it feels compelled to do it, knowing that in that day, it will have 
to give account of all its own actions to that fear-inspiring God. Woe, therefore, to 
us, if we are found to be unfaithful! 

It has been, and continues to be the Assembly's heartfelt prayer to God, that He 
may guide its efforts, in this your business, for the good of Zion, and to bring out of 
all this a genuine and wholesome peace. 

Certain Articles, heretofore mentioned, which are proposed to John Arondeus for 
his public confession, in a sermon to be preached before the congregation, accom- 
panied by his prayer to God for forgiveness, and his promise of improvement. 

Art. 1. 
That you promise your church never again to break off your connection with it, 
or to leave it in such a manner as you have done. 

Art. 2. 
That yoii publicly ask God in prayer, graciously to be propitious to you, and to 
forgive you the great and fearful sin of invoking curses. 

Art. 3. 
That you ask forgiveness also for unlawfully intruding yourself into the church, 
and for the troubles you have caused therein. 

Art. 4. 

And, as you have, more than once, shown yourself indiscreet and violent towards 
the people of the church, as they also did toward you, that you humbly ask the 
church to forgive you for this, and promise to meet it in all love and kindliness. 

The confession which Mr. Van Sinderen was required to make from the pulpit, is 
as follows: 

That he shall humbly request the church heartily to forgive him whatever offence 
he may have given the people personally; as he also asks God to forgive him the 
same; and that he shall promise, in particular, that he will guard himself against 



OF THE State of Nevv York. 3195 

nsing A'iolent language, and bringing personal disputes into the pulpit: in short, 
that hereafter he will conduct himself as a gospel minister ought to do. 
Collata Concordat, me teste, 

J. Kitzema, Scriba Extraordinarius. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 18, 1751. 

(Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Mints, of Deputies, xxiii, 320, 

xxiv, 8.) 

Very Reverend and very Ijearned Sirs, the Gentlemen constituting the Very 
Reverend Classis of Amsterdam. 

Vei'y Reverend Fathers in Christ: — 

We have been disturbed and deeply saddened by learning from your Reverences' 
letter of the 3rd of May inst., as also from the enclosed copy of a letter written by 
liev. Wynstock to one of your members, of tlie grave accusation made therein 
;■. gainst Mr. de Wiut. Although we have reason to think that the matter lias, by 
this time, come before the Rev. Classis, we feel in duty bound to inform your Revs, 
of the import of the Confession and defense which Mr. de Wint made before our 
assembly, and of the reasons why v,-e had to come to his suspension as to the use 
and administration of the Holy Sacraments. 

De Wint having been cited, the weiglity ob.iections made, were read to him from 
your Revs.' letter, as well as from the copy of the letter of Rev. Wynstock. Being 
asked what he had to say for himself, he made the following defense, as he 
viewed it: 

Intending to leave Harderwyk as soon as possible, where he had studied for a 
time, to go to the West Indies, and desiring first to take the preparatory examina- 
tion as a candidate, in order to sliow that he had properly finished his studies, and 
in order to obtain authorit.v to employ his talents for the good of others, he applied 
to his well-known frieud, Rev. Wynstok, and informed him of hi.s intention. This 
man told him that the Classis would not meet for some time, and that expense of 
calling a meeting was great; but that he did not need to incur such expense, as he 
was able to help him in another way; being willing even to get him a certilicate 
from the Rev. Classis. When de Wint asked him if lie could do that, he said. Yes. 
Rev. Wynstok then questioned him (said de Wint) on 1 Peter, 2:25 etc., as alc^o on 
some other theological sub.iects; though he openly admitted that he had not preached 
(a specimen sermon), nor had he been examined, either by Rev. Wynstok or the 
Classis, in the languages. Hereupon Rev. Wynstok procured for him the accom- 
panying original testimonial of his licensure, signed by the regular secretary of the 
Classis of Neder Veluwe last held, the Rev. Medenbach; for which, (says de Wint) 
he gave him six ducats. He also agreed, as he was requested, not to accept a call 
to become a minister, nor to show his testimonial, nor to preach in Holland, but 
only in the West Indies. 

Thereupon the (Cootus) Assembly put a number of questions to him, and among 
othere, this one: Why he had deliberately and knovvingly deceived the Rev. Classis. 
as well as ourselves, with that false certificate. He replied that he did not know it 
was false. Upon being asked again, if he did not know that he had never been 
examined in full by the Classis, nor by Wynstok in the languages, and that, before 
the latter, he had given no proof of his preaching ability; and if, in reference to 
those points, he had not read things in his testimonial that were false? he answered, 
that he did not know the testimonial to be false. He was asked, moreover, if some 
serious huspicion had not been aroused in him, when he had to promise Wynstok not 
to show the certificate in Holland, and not to preach or to become a minister there? 
his answer was. No. When asked further, why then he had de(>eived Rev. Wynstok, 
to whom he gave his promise never to become a minister, he replied: that that was 
indeed, his intention, but as he was preaching hia zeal greatly increased. 

59 



1751 



3196 Ecclesiastical Records 

All of which, in view also of his former and still continued (N. B. 1.) offensive 
conduct, constrained the Rev. Coetus, in good conscience, to pass the before men- 
tioned sentence (of suspension). 

This is what we have to present to your Revs., for your fuller knowledge of that 
(N. B. 2.) impious piece of roguery, and that the necessary documents may not be 
wanting to enable your Revs, to free your minds to the welfare of our churches and 
for the removal of such wickedness. That the Lord may help you by his Spirit in 
all this, Rev. Fathers in Christ, v/e. the undersigned, in name and by authority of 
the Rev. Coetus, heartily desire. 

Signed in name of all, 

Joh. Leydt, p. t. Pres. 
J. H. Goetschius, Sec. 
New York, Oct. 18, 1751. 

N. P>. 1. This the Rey. Assembly understands to refer to what has come to our 
table. 

N. B. 2. This is understood with reference to the whole matter. 

N. B. 3. That further nothing has come before, either the Assembly or any one of 
its members, to show that, in his church, P. de Wint has conducted himself in a 
disorderly manner. 



Oedeb- for. xVll Ministers of All Denominations, to Pray 
FOR THE Royal Family of Great Britain. Oct. 28, 1751. 

"By his Excellency the Honourable GEORGE CLINTON, Captain General and 
Governor in Chief of the Province of New York, and Territories thereon depending 
in America, Vice Admiral of the same, and Admiral of the White Squadron of his 
Majesty's Fleet. 



A Proclamation. 

Whereas His Majesty's Order in Council, the Twenty-fourth Day of April last, 
hath been lately transmitted to me, importing, That his Majesty having been 
pleased to create his Royal Highness I'rince GEORGE Prince of Wales; it was 
thereupon Ordered, That in the Morning and Evening Prayers, in the Litany, and 
all other Parts of publick Service, as well in the Occasional Offices, as in the Book 
of Common Prayer where the Royal Family is appointed to be particularly prayed 
for, the following Form and Order should be observed, viz.. 

Their Royal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, and Princess Dowager of Wales, 
the Duke, the Princesses and all the Royal Family. 

And that I should cause the same to be forthwith published in the several Parish 
Churches, and other Places of Divine Worship within this Province, and take care 
that Obedience be paid thereto accordingly. 

I do therefore, with the Advice of his Majesty's Council of this Province, hereby 
in his Majesty's Name, strictly charge, require and command, all and every of the 
respective Rectors, Pastors, Vicars, Curates and all other Ministers of the Gospel 
within this Province of New York; That in the Morning and evening prayers, in 
the Litany, and all other Parts of the publick Service, as well in the Occasional 
Offices, as in the Book of Common Prayer, where the Royal Family is appointed to 
be particularly prayed for; they do punctually observe and follow the aforemen- 
tioned Form and Order; and that they do also forthwith publish this Proclamation 
in their several Parish Churches, and other places of Divine Worship. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Fort George, in the City of New York, 
the Twenty-fifth Day of October, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Fifty One, and in the Twenty fifth Year of his Majesty's Reign. 

G. Clinton. 
By his Excellency's Command, 
Geo. Banyar, Dep. Secry. 

God Save The King.— The Weekly Post Boy, Oct. 28, 1751.— Dix's Hist. Trinity 
Church, p. 257. 



OF THE State of New York. 3197 

Classis of Amsteoeidam. 

The Churcli of Bergen to the Classis of Amsterdam, Nov. 9, 1751. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Extracts, Vol. xxiii, 221 ; 
Referred to, xxiv. 8. 

Bergen, November 9, 1751. 
Very Revereud Sirs and Fathers of the Classis of Amsterdam:— 

We, the undersigned, members of the Consistory of Bergen, take the liberty of 
presenting to your Reverences these few lines, which we heartily desire that your 
Reverences may acknowledge and accept. 

To our deep sorrow we have learned that after our legally called minister, I'ieter 
de Wlnt, had been settled over our churches, and while he was, to our profound 
pleasure, discharging the duties of his office, a copy of a certain letter written by 
Rev. P. Wynstok, came from Harderwyk, sent first by the very Rev. Th. Van 
Schelluyne, to certain members of the Coetus; and later by the Rev. Classis to the 
Coetus itself. Its contents cast doubt upon the candidacy of Pieter de Wlnt. The 
gentlemen who first received the letter from Rev. Van Schelluyne at once investi- 
gated the matter and forwarded the results to the Rev. Classis. The Classis, uo 
doubt, has received it by this time. The results were also sent to the Rev. Coetus. 

This assembly thought it best at once to forbid our minister the use and adminis- 
tration of the sacraments. In doing this we have felt ourselves somewhat ill at 
ease, inasmuch as the Rev. Classis had simply directed us to stop him in case he 
had not yet been settled over our churches, but had not instructed us what to do 
in case he had already been settled; especially do we feel so, because the letter 
from Wynstok was written in no wise in the name of the Classis of Nederveluwe, 
but by a single minister. We also rather think that he is the deceiver and our 
minister the one deceived by him; for he at first sought a legal examination, but 
was dissauded therefrom by him. 

Moreover, our minister, although not at first legally examined, was nevertheless, 
examined in a legal way the second time. Fathers, as hands may not be hastily 
laid on any man, (and pardon us for doing that) ; so, where they have been laid on 
one, they may not readily be taken off, and what was done be made of no effect, 
without the clearest evidence. 

Furthermore, his conduct among us is exemplary and edifying. His zeal for 
building up the church is great. Not only does he organize catechetical classes, 
but even on Wednesdays he preaches on the catechism, although his call requires 
him to preach once only on Sundays, during the winter season. Such a course is 
pursued by no country minister here. And, as our church is as well satisfied with 
his Rev. as any church can be with its minister, it is our earnest desire that the 
Rev. Fathers may see to it with exceeding diligence that Rev. de Wlnt. whom 
these (the Coetus) ordained as our minister, may be our minister, and continue to 
be. If he is to be charged with anything in what he did at first, deal as moderately 
with him as possible, in order that our new church, which Is but just on its feet, 
may not be torn asunder. For we fear that if this, our call, is set aside, there 
will be great danger of our never again being able to unite to call a minister. We 
might produce other reasons. Reverend Fathers, If it were necessary, but this, as 
the chief one, we hope may be sufficient to move your Revs, to grant our petition. 
If possible. 

With this we conclude, in the name of the church signing ourselves with great 
respect, Reverend Sirs, 

Your Reverences obedient servant, the Church of Bergen, etc. 

This is the mark M of Michiel Freeland, 

elder at Bergen. 
This is the mark I H of Johannis Van Houten, 

also elder at Bergen. 
No. 141. 

Quod Attestor, J. Ritzema. 



1751 



3198 Ecclesiastical Records 

Correspondence from America. 

Rev. Peter de Windt to the Classis of Amsterdam, Xov. 10, 1751. 

Portfolio " New York " Vol. ii. Extracts in Vol. xxiii, 221 ; 

Ref. xxiv. 8. 

Bergen, Nov. 10, 1751. 
Very Reverend Sirs: — 

I hope tbat long before this shall come to hand, your Revs, shall have received 
my former communication. I shall be very much pleased to be informed that you 
have received it. Herewith I send a copy of it; but, owing to the shortness of 
time, I could not include in it everything in detail. As this opportunity offers, how- 
ever, I cannot refrain from giving a fuller account of my affairs. 

In my former letter I forgot to mention that Rev. Petrus Wynstok, after he had 
told me that he had the power to examine me, gave me a text, 1 Pet. 2:25, to study 
out, stating that he would come back the following day in the afternoon to examine 
me. When I told him that the time was too short to work out that text as it ought 
to be done, he replied that I did not need to write out my work, but that he would 
be satisfied if I could give him a brief statement about it. After a few words more, 
Mr. P. Vv'ynstok went home. The next day, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon he returned. 
He asked me, if I had looked over my text. I answered. Yes. Whereupon he offered 
a prayer and commenced at once to examine me. At the close of an hour's examina- 
tion he offered thanks and congratulated me. This is the way in which the matter 
came to pass, as I truthfully testify, and can always testify. 

But, alas! to my great sorrow, I find that Mr. Petrus Wynstok had made use of 
lies in deceiving me, by saying that he had the power to examine me. It now 
appears to be otherwise. I am surprised that Rev. P. Wynstok did not write sooner 
about me to your Revs., seeing that he knew that I was in Amsterdam. Rev. Sirs, 
do you not see how craftily Rev. Pieter Wynstok went to work, by taking occasion 
of my departure? For he had plenty of time to write before I went away. I left 
the city on the 1st of April. Rev. P. Wynstok's conscience must have convinced 
him that he was to blame in the matter; and so, to clear himself, if possible, he 
thought, "Now I Vv'ill be the first to write about if. He would then be able to say 
for an excuse, "How can I have done that thing about which I was the finst to 
write?" Rev. Sirs, who is more to blame, Mr. Petrus Wynstok or I? I leave it to 
your judgement. True, I ought to have been wiser, but it was a piece of ignorance 
on my part. Rev. Wynstok, an aged minister, ought not to have misled me with 
>such lies. I leave that matter with your Revs. 

I was received with joy by my churches here, and settled over them by Rev. dr. 
Bois. Not long after, the Coetus received a letter from your Revs., the import of 
which was, that, in case Rev. Pieter de Windt had not yet been settled over his 
churches, such a proceedure must be stopped; also, that the Coetus ought to go to 
work with care; and further, that it should send over my testimonial. When this 
letter was read to me, I was well satisfied with what your Revs, had written; but, 
before your Revs, letter was received, I had already been settled. Your Revs, did 
not write what was to be done in that case. So then the Coetus took up that word 
of "going to work with care", and proceeded to take a vote. By voting, they 
gained the advantage over me, and ordered me not to administer Baptism or the 
Lord's Supper. This order I am obeying, and will continue to obey, until I get 
further word from your Revs. If your Revs, had written the Coetus to forbid me. 
there would have been no need of their voting; it would have been sufBcient to for- 
bid me in the name of your Revs. I should then have felt more strongly bound to 
conform. 

But now. Rev. Sirs, take a view of my matter in a spirit of paternal love. If I 
was deceived by Rev. P. Wynstok, it was my ignorance. It would touch me to the 
quick to be now dismissed from my united churches by your Reverences, as I live 
among them in love and am beloved by them. As regards the discharge of my 
duties, I will not speak of that, I leave that to the testimony of others. And, be 
assured, your Revs, will never hear anything about me otherwise than that I have 
in all things conducted myself as I ought to do. To this end I pray that the Chief 



OP THE State of New York. 3199 

Shepherd may enable me more and more to be a good leader to those over whom I 
have been appointed. I have no time to elaborate, and so I cut my letter short, 
heartily wishing your Revs. God's blessing. May God spare all of you, and each 
one of you among his own people, to the magnifying of his Name and the winning 
of many souls. With all reverence and respect, 
Very Reverend Sirs, 

Your Reverences Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Vv^indt. 

P. S. As regards the testimonial which I received from Rev. Petnis Wynstok— 
that is signed by the name of Rev. Medeubag; but whether this is Rev. Medenbag's 
own signature, I don't know. So of Rev. Medeubag I know nothing of which to 
accuse him. 
Thus reverently I remain. 

Very Reverend Sirs, 

Your Reverences Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Windt. 

Cajjl of the Churches of Catskill, (now Leeds) and Cox- 

SACKIE, ON E,EV. JoHANNES ScHUNEMAN. I^TOVEMBER 12, 
1751. 

Portfolio " ]S^ow York ", Vol. ii. 

lu the fear of God's Holy Name. Amen! 

Inasmuch as the preaching of God's Holy Word is the means ordained by Him 
for the salvation of the people who dwell upon this earth: We, the undersigned, 
Elders and Deacons, at present constituting the consistories of the two combined 
Dutch Reformed Churches at Catskill and Coxsackie, in the county or district of 
Albany, in the province of New York in North America, have heard of the gifts 
of Johannes Schuneman, student in Sacred Theology; and with him our churches are 
exceedingly well pleased, and call out to him, "Come to us, and help us:" There- 
fore, being assembled in the fear of the Lord, to consider earnestly this great 
matter of calling a minister; and, after calling upon God's Holy Name, having 
unanimously voted to call, as hereby we do call, the said Johannes Schuneman, to 
be our lawful Overseer, Shepherd and Teacher, to perform among us all the work of 
the Sacred Ministry, according to the requirement.s of the Sacred Scriptures, the 
Reformed Doctrine and the Order of the Reformed Church, established by the 
Christian Synod, held at Dordrecht, Anno 1618 and 1619. 

We call his Rev. on the following conditions:— 

First: That his Rev. shall, as soon as possible, repair to Europe to take his pre- 
paratory examination before some Rev. Reformed Classis in one of the Seven 
Provinces of the United Netherlands; and having become a ministerial candidate, 
to present himself for final examination to the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; 
and then with the laying on of hands, according to Apostolic and Reformed usage, 
to be set apart and ordained to the Sacred Ministry. 

Secondly: That when, by the guidance of God, his Rev. shall have come to us, he 
shall faithfully perform every part of the Sacred Ministry, as an orthodox Overseer, 
Shepherd and Teacher of the Reformed Church of Jesus Christ ought to do. He 
shall call upon the God of Heaven in public worship; he shall preach the Word of 
God in purity; he shall administer the Holy Sacraments as Christ instituted them; 
he shall instruct the youth by catechetical exercises; he shall exercise Church dis- 
cipline; and in all things, he shall have the good oversight of the Church of Jesus 
Christ, as far as he is able. 

Thirdly: That God willing, when his health is good and the weather suitable, his 
Rev. shall, from Easter to the beginning of November, preach twice on every Lord's 
Day, one Lord's Day in the Church of Catskill, and the next, in the Church of 
Coxsackie; in the forenoon he may preach on any text taken out of the Holy Word 
of God; in the afternoon he shall follow the line of thought of the Heidelberg 
Catechism. During the rest of the year, from the beginning of November to Easter, 
preaching once each Lord's Day will be sufficient. But Catskill and Coxsackie are 
each to have an equal number of services. 



3200 Ecclesiastical Records 

Fourthly: That on the Festivals, his Rev. shall hold services, as is the custom in 
the Reformed Dutch Church at each place an equal number of times. 

Fifthly: That, God willing, his Rev. shall administer the Lord's Supper four 
times a year; twice a year at Catskill, and twice at Coxsackie, by turns; once on 
Christmas Sunday, or on the Sunday after Christmas when Christmas does not fall 
on a Sunday; and once on Easter Sunday. The other occasions for celebrating the 
Lord's Supper will have to be arranged with reference to these two. 

Sixthly: That, before each celebration of the Lord's Supper, at the place where it 
is to be held, his Rev. shall preach a preparatory sermon; and, once a year, he shal! 
go through both churches performing visitations. 

On these conditions, We, the Consistories of the said two combined churches of 
Catskill and Coxsackie, in our capacity as Elders and Deacons, promise for our- 
selves and for our successors coming into office from time to time, and give assur- 
ance, in all sincerity, as long as his Rev. continues to be our Overseer, Shepherd 
and Teacher, the following: — 

First: That we will give to his Rev., on his acceptance and signing of this call, 
eighty pounds in money current in the Province of New York. 

Secondly: That we will give his Rev. a suitable dwelling, with a barn, a garden 
and a well, and keep them in repair, in such manner as shall be agreeable to his 
Rev. and the churches; together with twenty acres of land at Catskill, not far from 
the church. This shall be his as long as his Rev. remains our Overseer, Shepherd 
and Teacher. The repairing has reference only to the house, the barn and the well 

Thirdly: That from the time his Rev. is at Coxsackie, in performing the duties of 
his ministry he shall be provided with board and suitable lodging; the latter of 
which only Coxsackie promises to provide. 

Fourthly: That we will deliver for his Rev. at his door, all the fire-wood which he 
may need. 

Fifthly: That we will pay his Rev. yearly and every year, the sum of eighty 
pounds in money current In the Province of New York, in two installments; a just 
half of it at the expiration of each half year, to begin from the day of his coming 
to our said churches, and this is to continue as long as his Rev. remains our Over- 
seer, Shepherd and Teacher. 

We, then, the Consistories aforesaid, extend to the said Johannes Schuneman, 
and put into his hands, this call. We desire that he would accept the same in the 
fear of the Lord; and we pray that the good God, the Ruler of the World, will be 
pleased to guide him safely on his voyage out and back on the wild waters, and 
enable him to come back to us with a rich blessing. 

To show that in these our acts we are sincere and of good intention, we set our 
hands and seals to this Instrument on this twelfth day of November, in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and fifty. 

Gerrit Van Hergen 

Phillip Bronk 

Hendrik (his mark) X Hoogteling 

Theunis Van Vechten 

Casparis Bronk 

Johan Persen, Junior, 

Hendrik Van den Berck 

Johannes Overbagh. 

This call was made in Albany on the twelfth of November in the year of our 
Lord, one thousand seven hundred and fifty one, and signed and sealed; as wit- 
nessed by Theodorus Frielinghuysen, pastor of the Church of Jesus Christ at 

Albany, president of the meeting. 

Pieter Winne, Justice. 

I, the undersigned, accept this call in the fear of the Lord, promising to submit 

myself to the conditions stipulated, so far as the Lord will give me strength. To 

this 1 sot my hand and seal, 

Johannes Schuneman, 

on date as above. 
Col lata Concordant hoc Testor, 

Jac. Frielinghuysen. L. W. 



OF THE State of New York. 3201 

CoKJ?.ESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA, 

Eev. John Ritzema to the Classis of Amsterdam, Nov. 15, 1751. 
Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. xxiii, 258 ; xxiv, 7. 

Very Reverend, Very Learned, Godly Sirs, 
Messieurs, Fathers and Brethren in Christ:— 

I have the honor of sending on to your Revs, the original testimonial obtained by 
Rev. Pieter de Wint, together with a writing from him. I had already, in August 
last sent this to the Very Reverend Theodorus Van Schelluyne, with a view to its 
being presented to the Rev. Classis. as I trust it has been already. Rut the Rev. 
Classis having written to the Coetus itself about this matter, the latter obtained 
from him a copy of what he had written, which is the one now sent. With it goes 
a letter from the Coetus, signed by the president and scribe, also a special letter 
written by himself, as well as one from his church. 

Accompanying these are also certain documents of Job. Aemilius Wernig, in proof 
of his Rev's, candidacy in Germany, and of his sen'ice in a diaconate in Switzer- 
land. But his Rev. has no certificate from the Chapter of Stekhorrn authorizing 
him to administer the Sacraments. This, however, he solemnly declared and pro- 
fessed before the commissioners that he had done there, and that by legal appoint- 
ment. What, now, the deficiency of that testimonial signifies, I do not personally 
know: but I have learned from two of our members who were Swiss-born, that 
Wemig was not a Swiss citizt^n, and this, I think I understood, may have been the 
(^luse of it. 

But I know that his Rev. while in Holland, for the purpose of being promoted to 
the ministry, fell in, at Rotterdam, with two individuals from a district (over here) 
called Stone Arabia. These offered him a call from their church, which call he 
also accepted. Thereupon he went thither with them, without further presenting 
himself before any Classis, or making it known at all. This proceedure is now 
creating some dissatisfaction among some of the people, as also in the Coetus, in 
which he appeared for some redress in his affairs. His request was, that he, 
together with his church, might be received into its membership. But this body was 
unwilling to enter into the matter, and declare him a legal minister, and recognize 
him as a member, without the knowledge of the Rev. Classis. It sends on the 
papers, therefore, in the hope that the Rev. Classis, considering that the man acted 
in ignorance, as did also the Commissioners, will make no objection to his Rev's, 
being recognized as a minister legally called to that place; for not even one of the 
Coetus objects. It is the more important to do this, because the Church is German 
and the people widely scattered. Otherwise great disturbance might be creati'd, 
from the fact that his Rev. Is recognized by the people there as their legal minister. 
This appears from a certain writing shown to the Commissioners. 

To the great sorrow of our entire church, in the fifty-second year of his faithful 
service, and in the eighty-flrst year of his life, my very Rev. Colleague, (Gualterus) 
Du Bois, died on the 9th of October. On the day after his burial, I held a solemn 
memorial service, preaching from Numbers 8:25. His ofiice, as "Special Scribe" he 
has filled with great pleasure and faithfulness. He had laid down this office with 
sadness, on account of the vexations caused him, particularly by Rev. Haaghoort, 
who cherished a feeling of resentment against the Coetus, and especially against 
that aged father. This was because he did not manage matters, or have others do 
it, so that he might become minister at Aquackanonck, or somewhere else; whereas 
there was no church that wanted him although he was tired of his own church at 
Second River, (Belleville). As to the real cause, that is known to everybody about 
here. I do not care to mention it unless I am obliged to. Probably, from a protest 
made by him, which was, in part, inserted in our minutes, it will yet come to the 
knowledge of the Rev. Classis. This aged father said to me, "I am now done with 
the Coetus, or else Haaghoort will have to leave." Little did he think at the time, 
that his deliverance was so nigh; for his Rev. Vv'as then as strong as I had ever 
known him to be. 

Now I, having been appointed in his place as special scribe, ought to send on, as 
is customary, the Minutes of the regular Coetus, as well as those of the special 



1751 



1751 



3202 Ecclesiastical Records 

meeting four weeks later. This was called, because of the condition in which Long 
Island matters were at the time. I should also send a letter giving in brief a few 
items. But it has been thought best that I should defer doing this until next year; 
because, as it was said, the matters ought first to be more closely considered, etc.; 
also the letter must be written in name of the Coetus. So the Rev. Classis will 
please take this letter as a personal one, and in no sense as written in the name of 
the Rev. Coetus; but, at the same time, as one in which I honestly lay open my dis- 
satisfaction with the acts of those brethren. With the better intentioned of those 
brethren, I hope to get matters again on the old footing. Otherwise I shall be 
forced to take different measures; always, ho«e^•er, with submission of ray judge- 
ment to that of your Rev.s. 

As a private member, then, I make known to your Revs, that the differences so 
long existing with reference to the Raritans at the North Branch, have by the 
Coetus been happily settled. 

It has been thought best to forbid de Wint, who had already been ordained, to 
administer the Sacraments. The letter conjposed by the Coetus on his matter.* con- 
tains more than one dark statement calculated to injure him. The worst of them, 
I have tried to get modified by supplementary notes. 

As to the case of Arondeus; many h.ave tried to get him away from Long Island. 
Also many hundreds who have clung to him, have, to all appearances, been utterly 
corrupted. They have employed the power of the Law. They have held on to him 
in spite of all opposition. To that end they have made a wrong use of the liberty 
of religion, according to the Act of Toleration, under the Crown of Great Britain. 
They have sought in every conceivable way to save their case. But, following your 
Reverences' express instructions, we have got the matter so far along, that, for a 
reconciliation, not everything any longer, has to come from the side of Arondeus, 
etc. We also examined, on the other side, the document of Ulpiandus Van Sinderen. 
Although it had received some strokes of the brush, it very clearly showed me that 
the blame lay, if not chiefly, yet at least in large part, with the latter. This how- 
ever, did not give the others the liberty to do as they did. But the hatred of those 
people to the Coetus at that time, to which, among other things, they wore insti- 
gated, was not a little of a drawback to them. We have charged both these men, 
each according to a definite program, to preach penitential sermons on the 2Gth 
inst., in the presence of three commissioned ministers. One of these, then, is to 
preach a peace and penitential sermon with reference to the Church. After that, 
an entire new consistory is to be chosen for the five villages. On the day follow- 
ing, the two other ministers are to preach on the same subject. Then the con- 
sistory, after having been installed, will seek to extend a legal call to Arondeus. 
The result we shall make known at the earliest opportunity. 

If, now, it shall pleace the Rev. Assembly to answer this personal letter of mine, 
it will be a great comfort to me. But should it please the Rev. Clasais to leave it 
unanswered, and make use of it in the proper place, I shall be satisfied. For myself, 
I will endeavor to promote peace and unity among the brethren, and the true wel- 
fare of the churches, although others may none the less hesitate to discover sinister 
designs (therein) and publicly to oppose them. 

With this I close. Wishing the Very Rev. Assembly everything desirable . 

I sign myself. Your Very Revs. Obedient Servant and Brother, 

J. Ritzema. 
New York, 

Nov. 15th, 1751. 

Note on the Rev. Gualterlus Duboi.s, v/ho died Oct. 9, 1751. 
Rev. Gualterius (Walter) Dubois. This gentleman, who was installed a pastor of 
the Reformed Dutch Church in this city, in October, 1699, was bom in the year 1671, 
at Streetkerf in Holland; his father, Dcmine Petrus Dubois, being then pastor of 
the church at that place. The subject of this sketch was educated at the University 
of Leyden, and passed his examination before the Classis of Amsterdam in 1697, 
soon after which he received a call to this city. He served faithfully in his pastoral 
duties in this city for upward of fifty years. He preached for the last time on the 
afternoon of 29th September, 1751. After service he returned home, and was seized 
with illness in his study, which brought him to his sick chamber, where he lan- 
guished until Tuesday of the following week, when he expired, having attained the 
age of about eighty years. He was succeeded in his ministry by the Rev. Lambertus 
De Ronde. — Valentine's New York, p. 233. 
See also Corwin's Manual, 1902, pages 438-442. 



OF THE State op New Yop.k. 3203 

1751 

Dutch Ghurcii of New York. 
Free School and Teacher's Dwelling. 

New York, Nov. 18, 1Y51. 

Consistory held. Mr. Daniel Brat handed in a list of free 
scholars. These were found to be three more than the Consistory 
had appointed. He requested payment for all these, and also to 
he permitted to take more, if they offered themselves. Both these 
requests were acceded to, but on condition that the number should 
not ex(3eed twenty. 

Domine De Eonde read a written statement to the Consistory, 
that for tJie rent of his former dwelling and his present one, he 
had been compelled to pay, out of his own means, more than the 
twenty-five pomids ($62.50), allowed him with his call. lie 
requested that the Consistory would not let him suffer thereby. 
This Avas granted. It was also determined that he should at once 
be provided with a suitable dv/elling like as the other ministers. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. Praeses. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Cobrbspondence. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus, Nov. 23, 1751. 

Vol. 30, page 236, No. 135. 

To the Rev. Coetus of New York. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren : — 

In our lettor to the Rev. Coetus of New York of May 3rd, 
1751, Ave informed you of the not gToundless suspicion of the 
Rev. Classis of Neder Yeluwe, that both the Rev. Coetus as well 
as ourselves had been gTossly deceived by Peter De Wind. There 
has at lengtli come into the hands of one of our members, and 
thereby into our hands, a copy of a letter of Rev. Wynstok, and 
herewith sent to you, that you may prevent the ordination of 
such a man as this Peter De Wind to the Sacred Ministry, until 
at least the truth or groundlessness of these suspicions sha,ll be 
made clear to us. J^.Ieantime we trust that vou have secured the 



3204 Ecclesiastical Records 

1751 

original certificates which De Wind presented to jou, and that 
jon will send them to us. We are now fully convinced that this 
Peter De Wind, — Oh base deed ! has pressed himself with forged 
certificates so far toward the Sacred Ministry of the Gospel. 
Herewith are also sent the certified copies of the transactions of 
the Classis of ]!\^eder Veluwe, as well as some other reports and 
information about him. Of all this the Classis being fully con- 
vinced, after a calm examination of the documents and mature 
deliberation, with great disgust at such deceitful and wicked 
conduct, passed the follomng resolution, unanimously, and in 
the fear of God's name. 

'^ That Peter De Wind, if not already ordained, is hereby ad- 
judged unworthy ever to be ordained to the Sacred Ministry; 
and if, (which we hope not,) he has been already ordained, that 
he be, de facto, deposed, even as the Classis does by these presents 
depose him, and declare him (inhahil) unqualified ever to assume 
any ecclesiastical function. From this, it also follows, as a 
matter of course, that he be considered as under censure." — This 
business we now leave to the Consistories of Bergen and Staten 
Island, under the supervision of the Coetus. 

Notice has already been given of this prae alabel, although as 
yet, only in a general way, to the Christian Synod, held this year 
at Edam, of which we have the honor to send you the Minutes. 
We shall make further report of this case next year to the Synod, 
even as we have made known this our resolution to the Consistory 
of Staten Island by letter sent at the same time as this communi- 
cation. We have exhorted them, especially in such an im|X)rtant 
case a-s this, to consult with you, and to act in co-operation. We 
heartily wish you all needed wisdom and prudence in this matter. 
Carry into effect the action of Classis with holy zeal. If, con- 
trary to expectation, P. De A\^ind should, after this exposure, 
attempt to perform any function of the Sacred Ministry, such 
function must be considered as illegal and null in the Church of 
God. (indeed, all the more on account of his wicked intrusion 
into the Sacred Ministry.) Care must be taken against him in 



OF THE State op New York. 3205 

1751 

every possible way, the most stringent means of defence being 

employed against him. 

We have the honor to wish you most cordially every blessing 

from, the God of heaven. May He give you success in building 

up Zion in those regions, so that even there it may be a glory 

upon the earth. As the priests of the Lord, may you be clothed 

with salvation, and may you be found with joy as the highly 

favored ones of the Lord. Subscribing ourselves, Rev. Sirs and 

Brethren, 

Signed as before. 
In our Classical Assembly, 

November 23, 1751. 

Acts of the Deputies and their Correspondence. 

Tlie Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of Bergen and 

Staten Island, J^ovember 23, 1751. Vol. 30, page 238, l^^o. 136. 
To the Worthy Gentlemen and Brethren, the Elders and Deacons 

constituting the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island, in 

l^ew Netherland. 
Very Worthy Men and Brethren : — 

It is not without great sorrow and deep sympathy for your 
church, a church of God in such distant regions, that we inform 
you of the character of your pastor. Whether he is yet only 
under a call, or whether he has been already ordained — this Peter 
De Wind — ^w© know not. But he has operated in a very deceitful 
manner in securing, or rather in forging testimonials for him- 
self, both from the Consistory of Harderwyk and from the Classis 
of Neder Veluwe. In these he is represented as having been 
received as a member of the Reformed Church, and still recog- 
nized as a member of the same; and by the said Classis, as a 
candidate. The impious deception and detestable falsehood in 
each of these certificates have been abundantly shown to us. We 
have sent copies of the Acts of the Cla.ssis of Neder Veluwe, with 
an extract from a letter of Rev. Wynstok about the conduct of 
said De Wind, to the Rev. Coetus of New York. We have also 
informed that body that the matter has been brought before the 



1751 



3206 Ecclesiastical Records 

Christian Synod of ISTorth Holland, held this year at Edam. It 
was also resolved by the Classis of Amsterdam to write to the 
Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island in 'New ISTetherland, and 
to the Coetiis of I^ew York. This is done on the written request 
of the Classis of Xeder Veliiwe, which also intends to make 
record of this deception of De Wind iii their Minutes. (The 
document sent to New York is as follows:) 

" That the Classis of Amsterdam, after a calm examination of 
the documents and mature deliberation on the same, has with 
abhorrence of such deceitful and wicked conduct, in the fear of 
God's name, adjudged Peter De Wind, if not already ordained, 
to be unworthy ever to be ordained to the Sacred Ministry ; and 
if, which we hope not, he has been already ordained, that he be 
de facto deposed; and we declare him inhabil (disqualified) ever to 
exercise any ecclesiastical functions. It therefore follows, as a 
matter of course, that he must be treated by the members of Con- 
sistory on Staten Island and at Bergen, if he remain there, as a 
member under censure." 

At this same time we send a letter to the Rev. Coetus, which 
we doubt not, will ratify our resolution, and assist you in exe- 
cuting the same. Wherefore we counsel and exhort you in a 
fraternal manner, yet not the less earnestly, to seek the advice of 
Coetus in a matter of such importance, and co-operate with that 
Body in opposition to such a deceiver. In this coimtry, he has 
made himself liable to civil punishment by the government. In 
his intrusion into the Sacred Ministry he has acted like a thief, 
and opened the way for the perpetual removal of all good order 
and discipline from the Church of God. Who can defend such 
a fellow? especially, how can they who have any right feelings 
toward God and the Ministry— the Overseers of God's Church ? 
Must not all things be done decently and in order in God's 
Church? ISTever can such a man now be considered as legally 
called or properly commissioned. If the foundation is a lie and 
deceit, what can the building be? Who could entrust immortal 
souls to the guidance of such a one? How can such a man pre- 



OF THE State of Nev/ York. 3207 

tend to have a right conception of the office of a minister, or any 
conviction of fitness for the same ? How can he have any love 
to God and Christ, any love for His glory and for His people ; 
and desire for the conversion of souls, or their edification? How 
can he have any knowledge of the elements v^•hich constitute an 
internal call to the ministry ? What blessing can such a man 
expect on his work, or what encouragement and support can he 
receive on the same? 

Enter on this duty, Men and Brethren, prudently, but not 
v/ithout zeal. \\e heartily wish you the wisdom of the saints. If 
contrary to expectation, this De Wind shall undertake to perform 
any ministerial duties, after the notification of this our resolution, 
Classis will attend to that. Such a determination and wicked 
intrusion into the Sacred Ministry, must be shovvm to be utterly 
illegal and null. Care must be taken in every possible way, and 
the most stringent means of defence be used against such a one. — 
May the Lord be with you all, and keep all offences out of your 
church, and cause wisdom and piety long to flourish among you. 

We subscribe ourselves, Worthy Men and I^rethren, 

Your Servants and Fellovv Overseers, 
The Classis of Amsterdam. In the name of all, 
John van der Yorm, Depp. Praeses. 
Jas. Tykens, Y. D. M. Amst. & Dep. Scriba. 

In Classis, Nov. 23, 1751. 

First College in New York. (Closely Connected with 

Church Affairs. See March 22, 29, 1753.) 

Colonial Laws of New York. Chapter 909. 

An Act for Vesting in Trustees the Sum of Three thousand Four Hundred and 
Forty Three pounds. Eighteen Shillings raised by way of Lottery for erecting a 
College within this Colony. 

(Passed, November 25, 1751.) 

Whereas the Sum of Three thousand Four Hundred and Forty three Pounds, 
Eighteen Shillings, has been raised within this Colony by way of Lottery for Erect- 
ing a College, for the Education of Youth within the Same, which Sum being not 
conceived Sufficient, without further Additions to answer the Said end of Erecting 
compleating and Establishing a College for the advancement of u.'^efuU Learning, it 
is conceived Necessary that Trustees be appointed, as well for the Setting at Interest 
the Said Sum of Three Thousand Four Hundred and Forty Three Pounds, Eighteen 
Shillings already Raised for the Said Purpose, as for Kcceiving the Contributions 



1751 



1751 



3208 Ecclesiastical Records 

and Donations of Such Persons as may be Charitably disposed to be benefactors 
and, Encouragers of So laudable an undertaking. 

BE it therefore Enacted by his Excellency the Governor, the Council, and the 
General Assembly, and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the Same, That 
the eldest Councilor residing in this Colony, the Speaker of the General Assembly, 
and the Judges of the Supreme Court the Mayor of the City of New York and the 
Treasurer of this Colony for the time being, together with James Livingston ISsquire, 
Mr. Benjamin Nicol, and Mr. William Livingston, or the Survivor or Survivors of 
them the Said James Levingston, Benjamin Nicol and William Levingston, Shall be 
and hereby are appointed Trustees for managing the Said Sum of Three Thousand 
Four Hundred and Forty three Pounds, Eighteen Shillings, and for managing any 
other Sum or Sums of Money, Lands, Goods or Chatties, which May be contributed 
or given by any Person or Pei-sons whatsoever to be imployed to the Said use and 
Purpose of Erecting compleatlng and Establishing a College for the advancement of 
Learning within this Colony, All which Said Sum and Sums of Money they the Said 
Trustees and the major part of them and of the Sur-vivors of them Shall be and 
hereby are impowered required and directed to put out at Interest, Yearly and every 
Year, together with the Interest arising thereon, until the Same Shall be employed 
for the use. And Purpose of Erecting and Establishing a CoUedge for the advance- 
ment of Learning within this Colony, in Such Manner as Shall by some Act or Acts 
hereafter to be passed for that purpose be directed. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid,, that if any Lands, Tene- 
ments or Hereditaments Shall be given by any Person or Persons Whatsoever 
towards founding the Said College, the aforesaid Trustees and the Major part of 
them and of the Survivors of them Shall be, and hereby are enabled to let the same 
to Farm to the best advantage, for advancing the Said undertaking Rendring the 
Rent to the Treasurer of this Colony for the time being for the use and purpose 
aforesaid. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the Treasurer of this 
Colony, Shall and he is hereby required and directed to pay to the Borrowers such 
Sum and Sums of the Money aforesaid from time to time as shall be specifyed in 
the Securities by them to be given with the consent of the Major part of the Trus- 
tees aforesaid Or of the Survivors of them Which Securities shall be in the Names 
of two or more of the Trustees aforesaid consenting. With conditions for the pay- 
ment of the Money and interest therefrom arising, to the Treasurer of this Colony 
for the time being for the use and purpose aforesaid And Such Securities given as 
aforesaid Shall be to the said Treasurer good vouchers and dischargers for the Sums 
paid thereon by him and therein mentioned. 

AND be it further Enacted By the Authority aforesaid, that the aforesaid Trustees 
Shall be and hereby are Enabled to Receive Proposals from any of the City's or 
County's within this Colony, which shall be desirous of having the Said Colledge 
erected vv-ithin their Said City's or County's, touching the placing or Fixing the 
Same therein Respectively and the Said Trustees and every of them Shall be and 
hereby are required to Render a just and true account on Oath of all their pro- 
ceedings in the Premises, to the Governor Council and General Assembly, when by 
them or any of them thereunto required. 

Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. HI. pp. 842, 843, 844. 

(See March 5, 1752; April 5, July 4, Dec. 12, 1753; Dee. 7, 1754; also Regents' Bulletin, 
1893, 257.) 

Correspondence from America. 

The Church of 'New Paltz, to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Dec. 10, 1751. O. S. 

Portfolio " ISTew York " Vol. ii. Also in xxiii, 223. 

Reference, xxiv, 9. 

Very Rev. Classical Assembly, Beloved Fathers and Brethren in Christ:— 

We, the undersigned, consistoi-y of the Reformed Walloon Church at New Paltss, 
having a short time ago placed ourselves under the direction of the Rev. Coetus at 



OP THE State of New York. 3209 

New York, aud so uuder that of your Reverences, wish your Rev. Assembly blessing 
and life foreveriiiore. 

Since it has come to our ears that your Rev. Assembly does not consider the action 
of the Rev. Coetus regarding us as worthy of praise, we feel impelled to present to 
your Reverences as clearly as possible, the whole matter of our contention with the 
consistory of Kingston, asking your Reverences, in a fraternal spirit, to give us a 
patient hearing, as indeed we expect you will. 

For their most holy faith, our ancestors fled from France to this wilderness, to 
escape the Roman Antichrist. Having bought a land-patent from the Indians, they 
settled in this locality in the year 1677. This place of residence was guaranteed to 
them by the Duke of York, (subsequently James the Second, King of Great Britain), 
through Governor Andros. And until the present time, they, and we their descend- 
ants, have, without political interference, enjoyed protection and privileges, as 
French I'rotestant Refugees. 

As far as their strength allowed, which was, indeed, small at first, they saw to it 
that, besides maintaining Family Worship, they should have in their midst the 
public service of pure Religion. In the village of the Paltz they built a church about 
the year 1718, and worship was conducted there every Sunday in the French lan- 
guage by French ministers whenever they were to be had; such as Rev. De Pierre 
d'Alje (Daille) and Rev. Bon Repos, who in the year 1683, appointed a consistory. 
Several others also officiated, of whom Molinaer, who was minister at New Rochelle, 
was the last, in the year 1759. Whenever there was no minister, a sermon was read 
in French. 

Meanwhile Dutch families came to take up their residence, here and there, among 
us. About the year 1727 services of worship began to be held afternoons in the 
Dutch language. Because there was no more French ministers to be had, we 
employed also, provisionally some German ministers. Some of us also contributed 
something toward the salaries of the ministers of Kingston; because, when we had 
no minister of our own, we did sometimes trouble that church aud its minister, as 
being nearest to us, for the baptism of our children. Many of us, who undei'stood 
the Dutch language, did at times go to church there. As well-disposed neighbors, 
we also contributed toward its church building and church expenses. Some Dutch 
families, having removed from the Kingston community and its villages, as also 
from some other places, to take up their residence among us, still continued their 
connection with the Kingston Church. Some, while dwelling among us, were received 
on confession there, because we had no minister. 

Finally, the Kingston Church attempted to draw us entirely to itself, and to make 
us a part of itself, in order that we miglit supply a permanent perquisite for its 
ministers. In our continuous opposition to that attempt, we diligently sought to 
keep our greatly increasing church in coml)ination with one or two of the neighbor- 
ing churches nearest to us, but west of us, for the settlement of a minister. Kings- 
Ion, however, always tried to prevent this. It was in a condition to make many 
inroads upon us, and to draw away many of our residents, because we were as yet 
too weak to support a minister of our own; for we lacked the living voice of preach- 
ing as well as the administration of the Sacraments— privileges which the neighbor- 
ing Kingston always enjoyed. 

Upon the advice, and what seemed to us the well-founded reasonings of Rev. 
Petrus Van Driessen, minister at Albany, concerning the ordination in New Eng- 
land of Jan Van Driessen, (whose conduct in these regions had not yet then become 
open to remarks). We, as a French Church, which, by the statutes of England, had a 
right to correspond with any Protestant Churches which are in the King's dominion, 
in the year 1733 throught proper to call this Jan Van Driessen to be our minister. 
Kingston had very much to say against this, under the ridiculous pretext that we 
were a part of its Church. But what reason had we, Walloon Refugees, who at the 
time were imder no obligation, either to Kingston, nor under the jurisdiction of any 
other Dutch Church, to believe Rev. Peter Vas, (of Kingston) rather than Rev. Peter 
Van Driessen. Both were outsiders and simply advisers? But alas! What happens? 
Our neighbor, Kingston, to whom we had done so much good, aud whose church 
burdens, out of pure benevolence, we had helped to carry, unfortunately goes to 
work and put us under discipline. Why? because we, poor French Refugees, a 
Walloon Church, had made use of our rights, and of the country's liberties, which 
had been granted us by our gracious King. We did not know that a Dutch Church 
had the power to put under the ban a Walloon Church. Nor can we yet account for 
it; for it looks so utterly incomprehensible to us. 



1751 



1751 



3210 Ecclesiastical Ebcords 

Kot long after, Kingston gave a strikiug- proof of its skill in Church Order. They 
called, and that in opposition to nniuy of their members and elders, for their second 
minister, a certain Mancius, a German. He, upon being written to by a little neigh- 
bor to the north of them, by the name of Saugerties, came over from Germany for 
a very small sum of money; but, finding it too meagre to his liking there, had gone 
to Paramus or (and) Schraleuburg to live. Besides, it is thought, that he had been 
ordained, not at Amsterdam, but somewhere in Germany; whereas the cry has 
always been, that Amsterdam or at least Holland, was the only right door for a 
shepherd to enter into the sheepfold of the Dutch Church. But in no Chureh Order 
have v/e found the right to put them under ban or censure. They had been advised 
also against calling Mancius, but they rejected that advice. "VVe knew where Van 
Driessen had been ordained, but not where Mancius had been. Whether a German 
Church othcial has a better right to ofSeiate, under Dutch Church jurisdiction; than 
one from Nevt^ England, holding the same Confession of Faith, has in a Walloon 
Church, both being under the English dominion; and which is the greater bUmder of 
the two, we leave to wiser men to decide. 

To return to our own affairs. We are, nevertheless, led to present our grievous 
complaint to your lieverences. Upon the advice of Rev. Goetschius, we have now 
gone over to you, having by the Uev. Coetus been recognized and accepted as a 
church independent of Kingston. May it please God, now and hereafter, to reward 
a thousand fold, the Christian compassion manifested by the ministers and elders 
of the Rev. Coetus. The above mentioned Mr. Mancius, as long as he has been a 
resident of Kingston, has done his best to divide us; yea, indeed, to make us appear 
as Schismatics under discipline, both before your Revs., as also before the Rev. 
Coetus; notwithstanding the fact that our whole condition is perfectly known to the 
Uev. Coetus, and that many of its vrorthy members are intimately acquainted with 
us. And to our great grief and agitation, we must hear him daily revile and treat 
with despite these (Coetus) members, with his slanderous tongue. Indeed, even the 
Itev. Classis does not escape his inconsiderate remarks, because that body assured 
us by letter of the 15th of November, 1749, as well as by the mouth of Uev. Weymuth, 
who had been authorized thereto, that it had received us under its protection. 

Men, Fathers and Bi-ethren, do but think how painful this must be to us. Although 
our parents escaped from under the ban of the Roman Antichrist, we, in this day, 
should still encounter obstruction, and that from a consistory and minister who 
count themselves as belonging under the jurisdiction of your Reverences; and that 
they have done such a shameful deed as though it were by your Reverences con- 
nivance. We cannot but believe, however, that your Reverences have some bowels 
of compassion and mercy for poor oppressed Christians and their children; and that 
you will not allow them to be destroyed by those who are subordinate to your Rev- 
erences; and especially, since we also have now become subordinate to your Rev- 
erences. And now we cannot refrain from asking your Very Rev. Church Assembly, 
with all respect and modesty, whether such a thing has been doue b.v the authority 
and permission of your Reverences, as those who wronged us, pretend. 

And now in the fear of God, we already, if necessary, by clearest argument and 
with mathematical precision, to demonstrate to the Rev. Coetus and also to your 
Reverences, and to convince even our greatest enemy if be has still a spark of 
human conscience left, that from our earliest occupancy of our Patent, (which is 
older than the Kingston's Patent,) we have been a complete French (Jhurch, with 
consistories of our own, and independent of Kingston; and that, therefore, we have 
been wronged and offended in this Kingston discipline, in the most unchristian 
manner, and particularly by the action of Mr. Mancius. 

For many years, with uplifted and folded hands, in our secret prayers, we have 
brought this complaint before the Judge of Heaven. And now we lay it in the most 
emphatic terms before the Assembly of your Reverences, with a most earnest request 
that your Reverences may hear us and give us help and deliverance; and, in accord- 
ance with all ecclesiastical authority, punish such an abominable offence. We ask 
the very Rev. Classical Assembly to authorize the Rev. Coetus at New York to sum- 
mon Mr. Mancius before them, with his consistory and to demand account of them, 
and to correct them, ecclesiastically, as the exigencies of the case may require; and 
may this be done, in order to restore, at last, the long wished for, but much dis- 
turbed, rest, of our poor church. This, for the sake of God, we desire most earnestly 
and persistently. Nor shall we ever be able to content ourselves until the Rev. 
Classical Ae.scmbly has fulfilled this our just desire. 



OF THE State of New York. 3211 

We are prepared at the proper time, to prove before such ecclesiastical court, by 
a cloud of ear and eye witnesses, not only the groundlessness of the discipline, our 
independence of Kingston, and the shameful untruthfulness of the three reasons 
which Mr. Mancius gives in his letter to Rev. Ritzema and to the Rev. Olassis of 
Amsterdam; but also, how, to the offence of all good and upright souls, he chatters 
invectives and slanders about the Rev. Coetus in general, and many of the ministers 
in particular; in what a detestable manner he addressed many of our members and 
residents; how clearly obvious, in his partisan dealings, are his covetousuess and 
vindictiveness; how Rev. Vas admitted to the Lord's Supper some of our members, 
whom he (Mancius) pretends, have been disciplined; and who at the next season, 
were again repelled; what mental distress he has caused, in weak Christians, by 
demanding of them a new confession, and an evidence of penitence for taking the 
Lord's Supper with Van Driessen, or else refusing to give them certificates of 
membership. 

Thus he has disturbed many in our church; caused separation and discord among 
us; made inroads upon our church; and done other things of a similar kind. What 
a pity it is, that such a person, and his conduct, besides his bad management, in and 
with his own church, are not better known to your Reverences. Yea, indeed, and 
what is more, that such a one is still so influential in the Rev. Classis, that lie not 
only uses language which is painful to us concerning Rev. Goetschius, (the man who 
took pity on us in our misery, and whom, next to God, we have to thank, for the 
deliverance thus far brought us); but also that he considers undeserving of any 
praise, the action taken on our case by the entire Coetus; that body, which, by long 
journeys, by expenditure of money and loss of time, and by the experience of many 
vexatious difiiculties, relieves the Classis of many difficult troubles, and all without 
remuneration; yea, that body, which still kept our New Netherland Church on its 
feet, when it had come near its fall. The Coetus is, unquestionably, in a condition 
to pass most righteous judgements on cases which arise among us; and its members 
as neighbors, mutually acquainted, and as godly ministers, do pass such judgements. 
Whereas their Revs, might, just as Mancius does, take their ease by staying at 
home, and leaving the Classis and the New Netherland Church to take care of them- 
selves. Ah, Lord! who could have imagined such a thing? We are alarmed and 
amazed at it. Yet we do not lose courage, (cast away our boldness), resting as it 
does, on the promise of the Lord. For we know that He will save His Church, and 
will help the truth, although long cast down, to stand up again. 

We make this further request of the Rev. Classical Assembly. In case this letter 
should be delivered before brother Vrooman, (whom we expect to be our minister, 
and who has the affections of the whole church), presents himself to the Rev. 
Classis, ordain him, in accordance with Church Order and usage, to be the regular 
minister of our church, in combination with those of Shawaugunk and Walkill. 
Thus that matter on which so much depends for the welfare of our church, will no 
longer be retarded by unreasonable opposition, and our poor church will not be put 
to greater inconvenience. 

Herewith we close, commending your very Rev. Ecclesiastical Assembly, your 
persons, families and churches, as well as your gospel-ministry, to the blessed care 
of the all-sufficient God, who has hitherto helped us. With all due submission to 
your Reverences, We, the Elders and Deacons, chosen and installed by order of the 
Rev. Coetus at New York, by authority of our Church at New Paltz, subscribe our 
names; 

Daniel Du Bois 
Johannes Hardenberg 
Johann George Rand 
Evert Terwilliger. 
New Paltz, Dec. 10, 1751, O. S. 

Dec. 14, 1751. 

P. S. The Rev. Consistory at New Paltz brought this communication to me and 
asked my advice about it. As requested, I made, as your Revs, can see, a few 
changes in it. The consistory begs to be excused for Its not being put in better 
form, and so I could not refuse my consent to its being read to the Rev. Classis. 

Submitting it in a fraternal spirit, my request is that the Rev. Classis may be 
pleased to give it its attention. I am fully assured that the church at New Paltz 
can prove incontestably all that this paper contains, and a great deal more. Mean- 

60 



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1751 



3212 Ecclesiastical Records 

while, may It please Him who directs the hearts of men to lead your Reverences 
Ecclesiastical Assembly in this, as in other matters, with his light and truth! 
Your Very Reverends' most Obedient and Humble Brother in Christ Jesus, 

J. H. Goetschius, H. M. Eccl. at Hackensack, etc. 
Scralenburg, Dec. 14, 1751. 

Church of IsTew York. 
Catechist. Organist. 

New York, Dec. 12, 1751^ 
Consistory held. Mr. Vander Swan requested a certificate of his appointment as 
Comforter-of-the-Sick and Catechist of the city of New York. This was granted. 
The president was requested to prepare it. This was done. 

P. Bausman requested a request, in writing, for help from the Consistory toward 
his support as an Organist of the Old Church. After deliberation this was agreed 
to. Three of the members (of Consistory), with certain ones from the congregation, 
were requested to go around to collect a salary for him. liCt them do their best, and 
the Consistory would also help them, but would not become responsible for any 
payment. Three of the members undertook the work. 

L. De Ronde, p. t. President. 

Chur.ch OF jSTew York. 
Oldest Minister to have choice of Parsonages. Jan. 9, 1752. 

At a meeting of the Elders, Deacons and Church-Masters of the Dutch Reformed 
Church of New York, in their Consistory (Chamber, Jan. 9, 1752, it was unanimously 
Resolved, That, inasmuch as there are two Ministers' Houses, the Minister who has 
been longest in service in this Church shall have his choice of the two, for his 
dwelling; and the other shall be for the one who has been the next longest in 
service. 

This was signed by all the members present with their own hands. 

Church Masters. Deacons. Elders. 

Nicholas Roosevelt Evert Bancker Chr. Bancker 

Luke Roome John Livingston Jas. Roosevelt 

Richard Ray Corn. Clopper, Jr. Abel Hardenbrock 

Andrew Meyer Hend. Bogert Andries Breested 

Robt. Benson Abm. Lynssen 

Dirck Lefferts Evert Byvanck 

In the presence of me, 

J. Ritzema. 

The Consistory make known this resolution to Domine Boel as the oldest minister. 
Accordingly the choice was given him to have the dwelling of (the late) Domine G. 
du Bois, or to remain where he was. After some days of consideration, he con- 
cluded to stay where he was, and gave his thanks to the Consistory for their very 
special offer. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters to Isew York and Staten Island. 

1752, Jan. 11th. Art. 7. The Eev. ad res Exteras read a 

letter to the Coetus of 'Rew York ; also one to the Consistory of 

Staten Island (and Bergen.) The Rev. Assembly approved the 

same, and thanked those gentlemen, xii. 281. 



OF THE State of New York. 3213 

CORKESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Revs. Johannes Ritzema and Lambertus de Ronde to the classis 
of Amsterdam, Jan. 30, 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii, 225. 

Reference, xxiv. 8. 

Very Reverend, Very Learned and Respected Sirs, Fathers and Brethren:— 

Although the minutes of the last held meeting of our Coetus, both of its regular 
session, Sept. 17, (Sept. 10-17) and of its special session, Oct. 16, and days following, 
1751, have not yet been sent over to your Revs., because the majority have the Idea 
that they must be reviewed at the next following Coetus, and then sent over, signed, 
together with the letter that goes with them; our great perplexity, arising from the 
very sad state of things on Long Island, constrains us to address your Revs, and to 
give you some information. 

After a great deal of trouble and Inconceivable worry, the Coetus could finally see 
no better way for getting the two parties reconciled, than that of letting both min- 
isters preach penitential sermons, in which each one should make confession of his 
wrong doing. Then, some one else should preach a Peace Sermon. Furthermore, 
following a precedent formerly directed by the Rev. Classis for Kings County, one 
new consistory was to be chosen on Long Island, consisting of members of each of 
the parties. If, then, Arondeus should do his duty, he was to be called. Arondeus 
finally agreed to do this, namely, to preach a Confession Sermon, so far, he added, 
as his conscience would allow, and as should accord with sound reason and the 
Word of God. Van Sinderen also accepted the proposal, stating that he was willing 
to make confession of his lukewarmness and to make up with Arondeus; but as to 
the rest, he would adhere to his declaration against Arondeus, as he had submitted 
it, and, together with his people, would continue to protest against calling Arondeus. 

The Coetus, however, dealing with members whose duty it was to submit them- 
selves to its acts, and desiring to bring about, if possible, the long wished for 
peace, with the suppression of that discord and violence, which is so injurious to 
both soul and body, gave no heed to these exceptions; but, after it had prescribed 
for each of the ministers the respective points of their confessions, it appointed a 
committee of three ministers, John Ritzema, John Frielinghuysen, and Lambertus 
de Ronde, to hear this imposed confession on Nov. 28th, 1751. It was also agreed to 
choose a (new) consistory in the hope of paving the way to a new call. 

But alas! for the result. We, commissioners, with our elders, arrived on Long 
Island at the appointed time. First, Rev. de Ronde preached a Peace Sermon. Then 
we heard Arondeus make his confession, and the next day Van Sinderen, his. Then, 
when we, the commissioners, came together to deliberate, it was with a deep feeling 
of grief, that we came to the conclusion that Arondeus was not sincere, but had 
acted deceitfully and arrogantly in the whole matter. It is too long a story to give 
your Revs, a full account of his conduct. When we asked him whether he thought 
that such a sermon would do, be replied that he had said more than he was obliged 
to, and that his conscience would not allow him to say more. He advanced other 
foolish and worthless subterfuges of that kind, while his sermon, instead of being a 
confession, was rather a defence. 

And what were to do now. We certainly had great reason to drop him altogether, 
and to put up with his stubbornness, ridicule and inconsiderate invectives no longer. 
But, as we had been practicing so much patience with him, we decided to make 
another last attempt. We sought to convince him of his hardness and misconcep- 
tion, and asked him if he would preach another and a sincere Confession Sermon, 
such as the Goetus demanded. After long and tedious delay, he sent word the next 
day by two or three of his followers, saying. Yes. But now the other party, having 
gone off by themselves, were not at all pleased with this proposition. They declared 
that, while they were inclined to be reconciled with him and his party, they neither 
could nor would agree to calling Arondeus. We at once perceived, therefore, that 
the preaching of a second Confession Sermon by Arondeus, whatever he might make 



175» 



1752 



3214 Ecclesiastical Records 

of it, would not promote his being called. But we held to our resolution, and the 
time for a second Confession was fixed. 

After we had considered the matter, however, more fully, and were assured that 
the other party were not inclined any way to call Arondeus, especially because he 
had behaved so badly in making his first Confession; then Rev. Ritzema and "de 
Ronde, (Mr. John Frielinghuysen was written to on the subject, but did not receive 
the letter in time), became convinced that, as the other party were not at all well- 
disposed toward Arondeus, it would not be necessary for him to preach a new Con- 
fession Sermon at the time appointed. Later, we heard that he would not have 
done it any how. And we here in New York, who have a great deal of work, with 
our pulpit ministry and all that belongs to it, had no desire to break our heads, or 
disquiet our souls any further, about that contrary man, and so we left the matter 
in statu quo. 

So Arondeus made no second Confession. But what happens meanwhile? The 
adherents of Arondeus acknowledge that he had not acted nicely at all, but in an 
unscriptural way. At the same time, by way of apology for him, they urge an 
objection to that point in the confession, which required their minister to say, 
before God and men, that he had intruded himself into the service on Long Island; 
and that for this he had been declared by the Classis to be an illegal minister there. 
This, they denied. They could not comprehend that Arondeus would do such a 
thing. There must have been some mistake in the document extending the call to 
him; or the matter had not been carried on as it ought to have been, namely, in the 
presence of a minister. 

The consistory, both elders and deacons, had asked Van Sinderen more than once, 
(to preside), but he had refused, not wanting to have anything to do with Arondeus. 
So they called Arondeus. Arondeus at first declined; not only once, but several times, 
no matter what trouble the members of the consistoi-y took. But finally, seeing the 
unwillingness of Rev. Van Sinderen to be present at the making out of the call, and 
not thinking that that was so very necessary; or not having in mind the Church 
Order, he accepted the call to Long Island. They cannot imagine, therefore, that 
such an act can, according to Church Order, be called "an intruding oneself into 
service." At any rate, this is the chief point to which Arondeus takes exception, 
and he is unfairly judged by his opponents; for, say they, Brooklyn and New 
Utrecht took him in before some of the elders of the other churches had fallen away 
from Van Sinderen, and that he had not been called by a majority. Also, Van 
Sinderen had not refused to sign a call for any minister who pleased them, if it had 
the consent of the five churches and was in accordance with Church Order. 

Thus, Rev. Sirs, the matter stands on the two sides; and what to think of it, one 
hardly knows. Things are all in confusion. And, although they have been laid 
before your Revs., we want to submit one thing and another yet again to your Revs, 
judgement. Your Revs, will possibly say, "To what purpose? We have already 
approved the decision of the Coetus." That is true, but now that Arondeus's party 
have submitted themselves to the Coetus, one gets somewhat better information of 
one thing and another on both sides. And, in this matter, regard should be had to 
tlie people of Arondeus, as well as to Arondeus himself. What is to be the result 
of executing the sentence? Arondeus, if he remains as he is. Is wholly unworthy of 
ascending the pulpit, for he has conducted himself shamefully. But the people of 
Arondeus, in all, one hundred and seventy six families, want him, as soon as he has 
made confession of the sin of which he is guilty; and they are in a condition to pay 
him; while those of Van Sinderen, who are opposed to him (Arondeus), and do not 
want him, number only one hundred and twenty, or at least not many more. At 
any rate, they are by no means as many. 

What, now, is to be done in this matter? If, taking for granted that Arondeus is 
an intruder, we depose (deport) him, we look forward to a sad exhibition of more 
quarrels and discord, of further disruptions, if not of blows and murder. His fol- 
lowers say that they will stick to him, and not let him go, cost what it may; and 
those of Van Sinderen, although obliged to pay the arrears on his salary, will, we 
fear never be able to do so. Moreover, all those who adhere to Arondeus, threaten 
to separate from the Dutch Church and call an English minister. One hears a lot of 
things of that sort. 

If, on the other hand, Arondeus, after preaching his Confession Sermon, and truly 
humbling himself for his dreadful evil-doings, is reinstated, the question remains, 
whether that is doing right; especially, in case Van Sinderen's people, although in 



OF THE State of New York. 3215 

the minority, lieep on refusing (to recognize him). If that is done, the minority will 
be dissatisfied, while the majority are set at their ease. If not done, then Van 
Sinderen's minority will prevail over the one hundred and seventy six families, and 
the latter will go without a minister. For these say that they will never go to hear 
Van Sinderen, and so will go without any public worship, etc. 

Or; the matter now standing as it does, Arondeus may not preach a proper Con- 
fession Sermon, and may, therefore, be rightly deemed an intruder, and declared to 
be an illegal minister, and forbidden the ministry on Long Island; and the people 
may be ordered to let him go, and to call a non-partisan minister from Holland to 
be associated with Van Sinderen. V7hat shall we do to keep a peaceful conscience, 
and to prevent God's name from being desecrated by cursing, lying, slandering, 
reviling and so many abominable iniquities; and his judgements from being poured 
out over that country. 

We leave the matter to your Revs, wise and careful judgement. May Jehovah 
grant your Revs, all necessary wisdom and prudence for finding the needed remedy. 
We a.sk you very kindly to communicate to us at the earliest opportunity what you 
think about it. Herewith, praying for a blessing upon your Revs, persons and holy 
ministry, we sign ourselves respectfully. 

Very Reverend, Very Learned and Respected Sirs, Fathers and Brethren, 

Your Very Revs. Obedient Servants, 

Johannes Ritzema 

Lambertus de Ronde. 
New York, 

Jan. 30, 1752. 



Ooerespondencb; from America. 

The Consistory of Claverack, N. Y., to the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Feb. 24, 1752. 

PortfoHo, " New York ", Vol. ii. Vol. xxiii, 287. 

Claverack, Feb. 24, 1752. 
Very Rev. Sirs, Much Respected Brethren in Christ, who Constitute the Very Rev., 
Very Learned Classis assembled at Amsterdam:— 

The Consistory of Claverack consists of three elders and three deacons. Through 
our deacons, (Rev. Theodore) Frielinghuysen, minister at Albany, cited us, the 
undersigned, elders of the Church of Claverack, to appear before the Consistory of 
Livingston Manor. As we had no minister, we sent for Rev. Mancius of Kingston. 
On arriving there, we were through our Claverack deacons, and in the presence of 
Revs. Mancius and Frielinghuysen, accused of getting Rev. Van Hoevenberg, (who 
at one time was our minister and is now at Lower Rhinebeck), an illegal minister, 
to administer the Lord's Supper. As proofs of his illegality they adduced his 
inability to show his call to Suriname as well as his certificate of ordination, (pro- 
motion), as they call it; also his full ecclesiastical dismissal. They said, that as 
long as he could not show these documents he could not be looked upon as a 
minister. 

On hearing what Revs. Mancius and Frielinghuysen advised in the matter, we 
found that they differed in their opinions. Rev. Mancius judged Rev. Van Hoeven- 
berg to be a legal church minister. Rev. Frielinghuysen held that as long as he 
could not show either his call to Suriname or his dismissal, he was not a legal min- 
ister. He contended that, until he showed them, he must keep away from Claverack. 
Rev. Mancius was of opinion that he must remain connected with our ministry, 
until the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam sends over the decision it has been asked to 
give. We offered to write together, stating the case on both sides, as Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg had declared himself willing to do. This would avoid delay. But Rer. 
Frielinghuysen refused, but for what reason, we do not know. 

Rev. Mancius replied to the arguments of Rev. Frielinghuysen. We likewise 
replied, in defense, against what our opponents might advance: 



1752 



1752 



3216 Ecclesiastical Records 

1. That Rev. Van Hoevenberg's ccclesifistical and civil call, as also liis church cer- 
tificate, must be still at Suriuame where he at first unfortunately, was located; or 
else be in the keeping of the Classis; because he has not been able to find them 
among his papers. 

2. That Rev. Van Hoevenberg had said only a short time before, that he had a 
full dismissal from Suriname. Otherwise, he said, that the churches which called 
him would have to write for it. Those of New York can testify to this. And from 
the Claverack call it appears that he had agreed to present evidence of his dis- 
missal, if his church wished him to do so. 

3. But it is enough to show that he is a legal minister at Paramaribo in Suriname. 
He considers himself to be the legal minister thei'e, and that he will continue to be 
such until the Classis discharges him from service there, and assigns him to his 
church at Lower Rhinebeck. 

We, therefore, turn to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to have this matter cleared 
up. We request that, if the Rev. Classis, in our defence and for our security 
against Rev. Frielinghuysen and our own deacons, recognizes Rev. B. T. Van 
Hoevenberg as a legal minister, that it be pleased to send an authentic copy of his 
ecclesiastical call to Suriname, together with his ecclesiastical dismissal from his 
church at Paramaribo; also, as competent judges, to give a brief and conclusive 
decision on the following questions: — 

1. Whether Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg was not by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam 
called, examined, oi-dained and sent out to Suriname as a legal minister. This 
would seem to be the case, from the letters which the ecclesiastical Deputies, 
namely. Revs. Aoulhoff, Kuhlenkamp and Brower, who acknowledged him as such, 
wrote him, and which he has in his possession. 

2. Whether or not he was forbidden to ascend the pulpit. 

3. Whether the Rev. Classis knows of anything against him as a reason for its 
forbidding him to administer the sacraments. 

4. Whether, consequently, we have done well or ill. 

May we ask the Rev. Classis to let us know, by a letter of its own, the answers 
to the above questions? "^'e look for short and definite answers, so that there need 
be no difference of opinion as to their meaning, as is often the case here. We did 
ask this question of the New York miniiters — whether or not Rev. Van Hoevenberg 
could be allowed to administer the sacraments. But they were not willing to give 
us an answer, a straightforward one at least, either No or Yes. 

Rev. Mancius and Lord Robert Livingston, Jr. were of opinion that their letter 
was no answer, at any rate to that question, inasmuch as the 10th Article has not 
the least reference to our case.* For if this held true. Rev. Frielinghuysen himself 
would not be permitted to administer the I^ord's Supper at Claverack. Hence this 
adduced 10th Article has reference not to such a matter, but to that of a minister's 
going from one church to another. It is for that reason that we let Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg come to administer the Lord's Supper. We took him to be a legal 
minister and paid no attention to the malicious reports spread about by malevolent 
people. And we have understood that one of the members of the Coetus had said, 
"Had Rev. Van Hoevenberg but bowed the knee to the Coetus, all would have been 
well." Why he should have done that, we do not know. 

We may infer, however, that Rev. Van Hoevenberg must have been a legal 
minister: — 

1. Because the letter of the thi-ee New York ministers, Du Bois, Ritzema and 
de Ronde, leaves it entirely to our judgment what to do or not to do. From this 
letter, we concluded that the CJJassis had written nothing that would show that Rev. 
Van Hoevenberg was unworthy of occupying the pulpit, or of administering the 
sacraments; that they had given no intimation of his having been put under cen- 
sure, much less deposed — a thing which ought to have been done, if that had been 
the case. 

2. Because (the church of) New York had, by unanimous vote, called Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg to be its minister, as Rev. Boel, who presided, can testify. This call, 

*Art. X. A minister being lawfully called may not forsake the church or congre- 
gation where he is regularly settled, in order to accept a call elsewhere, without 
obtaining the previous consent of the Consistory and Deacons, and of those who 
have formerly borne those offices, together with the approbation of the Classis. 
And in like manner shall no church be permitted to receive him, before he has pro- 
duced suflBcient credentials of his regular dismission from the church and Classis 
where he last officiated. Synod of Dcrt, 1619. 



OF THE State op New York, 3217 

Rev. (]u Bois, of blessed memory made public against the protest of Rev. Haaghoort, 
in name of the Coetus (V), that is, if it so happened. From your answer it does not 
appear that you look upon him as an illegal minister, but only as one given to fits 
of insanity, if the account is true. We thought, therefore, the Classis does not 
consider Rev. Van Hoevenberg illegal, or as under censure, because it did not 
intimate anything of the kind in its letter of September, 1750; nor in that of the 
fall of 1751, to .which the three New York ministers refer, as though the Classis 
had written to the Coetus that the Classis would have nothing more to do with 
Rev. Van Hoevenberg. 

The copy of the letter does seem to say that, but, in our judgment that is not 
enough. If the Rev. Classis did write to tliat effect, seeing that the letter of the 
three ministers is, as Rev. Mancius and Robert Livingston, Lord of Livingston 
Manor, declare, ambiguous. We now ask, for weighty i-easons, to have the matter 
cleared up at its source. 

3. Because Rev. de Ronde must have said in the presence of our elders, Claude 
De Lamater and Jeremias Hogenboom, that Rev. Van Hoevenberg had shortly 
before leaving Suriname been put under censure, and therefore had come to North 
America as a minister under censure; although provided with a passport, a certifi- 
cate, under seal, of his reconciliation with the Governor and a testimonial of his 
orthodoxy; but that he had not asked for anything more, as he was not taking his 
dismissal, but was simply going to answer accusations thrown out by RibbeJy 
against him, and against the kerketaaful of Suriname. 

4. In regard to his documents, we have other arguments to advance, but we 
forbear for the present, although we have a right to them. Orderly, pious and 
godly in his conduct, he was for about a year a truly zealous minister in our midst. 

To this we bear witness in this connection, as we did in our farewell letter to 
him, and as even his accusers will have to do. 

Asking God for his blessing upon the Mother-Church of the Netherlands, and 
wishing the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam the most precious of his blessings, 
we sign ourselves, 
Very Rev. Sirs and Highly Honored Brethren 

J. V. Rensselaer 
Claude De Lamater 
John Legget. 

Correspondence from Ameuica. 

The Cliurch of E-hinebeck-on-the-Plain, to the Classis of 
Amsterdam, Feb. 26, 1752. 

Portfolio, " Xew York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii, 284. 

Very Reverend and Very Learned Sirs, Highly Honored Brethren in Christ who 
constitute the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: — 

Whereas we, the consistory for the time being of Lower Rhinebeck on the Plain, 
did call Rev. Bggo Tonkens Van Hoevenberg, minister at Paramaribo, to Suriname, 
who was also called' as minister to New York; (and finally by us) to Livingston 
Manor and Claverack, to be our legal minister. Shepherd and teacher: we, there- 
fore, request the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to give to the said Rev. Van Hoeven- 
berg his ecclesiastical dismissal, and that he be assigned to us according to Church 
Order; also, a copy of his examination, and of his call to Suriname. This we desire, 
so as to stop the mouths of those who are trying to deprive our much-beloved min- 
ister of his good name and character. We join with our minister in this expression 
of our desire. 

Done in our Church Assembly, at Rhinebeck on the Plain, Feb. 2Gth, 1752. 

Eggo Tonkens Van Hoevenberg. 
Jacob Heermans Yan Wels Canpir 

Petrus Ten Brock Johannes Kip 

Mathew Van Etten Nich. Schreyber 

The fourth deacon died. To this I sign my hand, 

Gerrit Van Wageuaar, Justus pac. (is?) 
P. S. The expenses incurred will probably be paid by us. 



1752 



3318 Ecclesiastical Records 

ChUECH of iN'EWBHEGH, IN". Y. 

Order to the Attorney General to Prepare Patent Conveying the 
Palatine Glebe at ISTewburgh to the Church of England. March 
3, 1Y52. [See Sept. 6, 23, 1751.] 

By His Excellency the Honorable George Clinton Captain General and Governor 
In Chief of the Province of New York and Territories thereon depending in America 
Vice Admiral of the same and Admiral of the White Squadron of his Majesty's 
Fleet. 

To William Smith Esq. his Majesty's Attorney General of the Province of New- 
York. 

You are hereby directed and required to prepare a Draft of Letters Patent to 
Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson for the Glebe Land of Quassaick in the 
County of Ulster containing the Quantity of five hundred Acres And further bounded 
and described as in and by Letters Patent under the Seal of this Province bearing 
date the eighteenth day of December 1719 may appear, To Hold to them the said 
Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson as first Trustees during their Natural 
lives and to their Successors forever to be chosen as is directed by the said Letters 
Patent But for the Sole use and benefit of a Minister of the Church of England as 
by Law Established and a Schoolmaster to have the care of Souls and the Instruc- 
tion of the Children of the neighbouring Inhobitants. The said Trustees and their 
Successors forever to be one Body Politick and Corporate in Fact and Name by the 
Name of the Trustees of the Parish of New Burgh with such powers and authorities 
unto the said Trustees and their successors forever as are mentioned and expressed 
In the Letters Patent abovementioned by which the said Glebe Lands were granted 
in Trust to and for the benefit of a Lutheran Minister Together with such further 
powers and authorities unto the said Trustees and their Successors forever as are 
mentioned and set forth in the Petition of the said Alexander Colden, Richard 
Albertson and others, a copy of which Petition is hereunto annexed; 

Also with power and Right to the said Trustees and their Successors with the 
Consent of the major part of the Freeholders of the Tract of two thousand one 
hundred and ninety acres of land granted by the aforesaid Letters Patent being 
Resident thereon from time to time and as often as the same shall be vacant to 
Call Choose and present a good Sufficient Minister of the Church of England as by 
Law Established to officiate upon the said Glebe and to have the care of Souls of 
the Inhabitants of the aforesaid Tract of two thousand one hundred and ninety 
acres of Land and to nominate and appoint a good and sufficient schoolmaster to 
Teach and Instruct the Children of the said Inhabitants— Provided always that 
such Minister shall be instituted and Inducted in such manner as shall be most 
suitable and agreeable to his Majesty's Instructions to the Governors of the said 
Province of New York for the time being. 

And under such Quit Rent Reservations and Restrictions as are directed and 
appointed by his Majesty's Commission and Instructions And for so doing this shall 
be your Sufficient Warrant. 

Given under my hand and Seal at arms at Fort George in the City of New York 
the third day of March 1752 in the twenty fifth year of his Majesty's Reign. 

G. Clinton. 
By his Excellency's Command 

Gw. Banvar D. Secry. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. iii. pp. "Xify 360. 

Colden and Albertson's Surrender of the Glebe Land at ISTew- 
burgh in Order that it may be vested in the English Church. 
[March 14, 1752.] 

To all People To whom these Present shall Come We Alexander Colden and 
Richard Albertson Trustees of the Palatine Parish of Quassaick send Greeting 
Whereas our Late most Gracious Sovereign Lord King George the First by his 
Letters Patent Bearing Date the Eighteenth day of December in the Year of our 



OF THE State of New York. 3219 

Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Nineteen and in tiie Sixth Year of his 
Reign Did among other things Grant, Ratifie and Confirm unto Andriea Volk and 
Jacob Webber and to their Successors to and for the Benefltt and Behoof of a 
Lutheran Minister to Serve and have the Care of Souls of the Inhabitants of a 
Tract of Two thousand one Hundred and Ninety Acres of Land at Quassalck in 
Ulster County by the same Letters Patent Granted to Sundry Palatines, a Glebe 
of Five Hundred Acres of the said Tract of Land laid out and Surveyed Between 
the Lotts Number five and Number Sis with all the Premisses Hereditaments and 
Appurtenances to the same Glebe of Five Hundred Acres of Land belonging and 
Appertaining To have and To Hold the same unto the aforesaid Andries Volk and 
Jacob Webber as first Trustees During their Natural Lives and Successors forever 
for the use aforesaid: 

And for the Presentation of the said Trust his said most Gracious Majesty by 
his said Letters Patent Did Give and Grant that upon the Death Disability or 
absence of the said Andries Volk and Jacob Webber or Either of them or any of 
their Successors it should and might be Lawfull for all the Inhabitants of the 
aforesaid Tract of Two Thousand One Himdred and Ninety Acres of Land being 
males and above the age of Twenty One Years to Assemble and meet Together at 
any time or times hereafter upon some part of the said Glebe Land and by majority 
of voices to Elect and Chuse other Trustee or Trustees in the Room or Stead of 
such Trustee or Trustees so Dying Removing or otherwise Disabled which Trustee 
or Trustees so Chosen thereafter should be Trustee or Trustees of the said Glebe 
Land to all Intents and purposes as if they had been therein Nominated: And 
Whereas after the passing the said Grant all the said Palatines to whom the said 
tract of Two Thousand and One Hundred and Ninety Acres of Land aforesaid 
Granted Sold their Severall Lotts in the said Land to English Protestants and the 
said Palatines with the said Andries Volk and Jacob Webbers the Trustees in the 
said Letters Patent Named Removed from the said Tract and thereupon on the 
Twenty third Day of June in the Year of our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred 
and Forty Seven the Male Inhabitants of the Said Tract being above the Age of 
Twenty one Years Assembled and Mett upon the said Glebe Land and by Majority 
of Voices Elected and Chose the said Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson 
Trustees of the said Glebe Lands: 

And Whereas the Present Proprietors and Inhabitants of the aforesaid Tract of 
Two Thousand One Hundred and Ninety Acres of Land which they hold by Sundry 
mesn Conveyances under the aforesaid Palatines being Desirous of Obtaining his 
Majesties Grant of the aforesaid Glebe of Five Hundred Acres of Land for the use 
of a Minister of the Church of England as by Law Established to have the Care 
of Souls of the Inhabitants of the said Tract and of a Schoolmaster to Teach and 
Instruct the Children of the said Inhabitants in necessary Literature Therefore 
Know Ye That the said Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson Trustees as afore- 
said for and in Consideration And to the Intent and Purpose that our now most 
Gracious Sovereign Lord King George may and will Give and Grant unto the said 
Trustees by the Name of the Trustees of the Parish of Newburgh all and Singular 
the aforesaid Glebe of Five Hundred Acres of Land for the uses last above men- 
tioned and Erect the said Trustees and their Successors into a Body Politick and 
Corporate Have Surrendered Yielded up and by these presents Do Surrender and 
Yield up unto our said now Sovereign Lord the King the aforesaid Grant so made 
to the said Andries Volk and Jacob Webbers so far as Relates to the aforesaid 
Glebe of Five Hundred Acres of Land and Incorporation of them and their Suc- 
cessors as Trustees of the Palatine Parish at Quassalck And all the Estate Right 
Title Interest Claim and Demand whatsoever which the said Alexander Colden 
and Richard Albertson as Trustees of the said Palatine Parish at Quassalck now 
have in or to the said Glebe of five Hundred acres of Land by Virtue of the before 
Recited Letters Patent and Grant of Incorporation aforesaid In Witness whereof 
they the said Alexander Colden and Richard Albertson have hereunto put their 
hands and Seals this fourteenth Day of March In the Twenty fifth year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith etc. And in the Year of 
our Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and fifty two. [1753?] 

Alex. Colden (Seal) 

„,,,„,• J T ^1, » Richard Albertson (Seal 

Sealed and Delivered In the presence of 

Thomas Lewis 

William Melay. 



1752 



3220 Ecclesiastical Records 

Memorandum That on the fourteenth Day of March Anno Domini 1752. Personally 
Game and Appeared before me Cadwallader Golden, Esq., One of his Majesty's 
Council for the Province of New York the within named Alexander Golden and 
Richard Albertson Trustees of the Palatine Parish of Quassaick and Acknowledged 
that they Executed the within Deed of Surrender as their Voluntary Act and Deed 
for the uses therein mentioned and I having Carefully Perused the same and finding 
no materiall Razures or Interlineations therein than what are taken notice of before 
the Sealing and Delivery thereof do allow the same to be Recorded. 

Cadwallader Golden. 

Recorded in the Secretary's office of New York in Lib. Patents Commencing 1st 
June 1739 pa. 379 etc. and the Record Examined herewith this 23rd day of March 
1752 By Gw. Banyar, D Secry.* 



College in New York. 

First Offer of Trinity Church to give Land for a College in New 
York, March 5, 1752. 

At a meeting of the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of Trinity Church, 
on Thursday, March 5th, 1752. 

Present.— Rev. Henry Barclay, Rector, etc. 

It being unanimously agreed by this Board that a proposition be made to the 
Commissioners appointed to receive proposals for the building of a College that this 
Board is willing to give any reasonable quantity of the Church farm (which is not 
let out), for the erecting and use of a College; It Is Ordered, That the Rector and 
Church Wardens be a Committee to wait on the Commissioners, and make the 
aforesaid proposal to them, and confer with them thereupon. 

Richard Nlcoll, Clerk. 
A true copy. 



Church of New York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

New York, Marc^h fi, 1752. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name 

Elder Ghrlstofifel Bancker informed the Consistory that Mr. John Chambers had 
notified him, that the claim of Jacob Maurits on the Manor of Fordham could be 
bought for sixty pounds. He considered this an excellent offer and advised the Con- 
sistory to accept it. The Consistory readily determined that Elder Bancker should 
make the purchase on the best terms possible, but not to exceed sixty pounds. The 
money shall be paid by the Deacons or Church Masters. 

The purchase was made on March 12, 1752, for the sum of fifty poimds, when the 

agreement was shown to the Consistory under the hand and seal of Jacob Maurits. 

This M'as ordered to be deposited with the papers of the Consistory, and thanks 

were given to Mr. Bancker. 

J. Rltzema, p. t. President. 

*The Letters Patent to Golden, Albertson et al. for the above Tract hear date 
26th March, 1752, and will be found on Record in Secretary's Office: also in Eager's 
Hist, of Orange Co., to which work the Reader is referred for further information 
on the subsequent interesting history of these Glebe Lands. Those who may not 
have this work convenient, can turn to 3 Jackson's Reports 115, for the particulars 
of the ejectment suit brought in 1806, against St. George's Church, Newburgh. to 
recover a part of the original Palatine Grant.— Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. ill. pp. 3G0-362. 



OF THE State of New York. 3221 

COKRESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam, March 
1752. (Containing also a letter from I^eydt to Frelinghuysen, 
of Dec. 20, 1751.) 
Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii. 222. 
Kef. xxiv. 9. 

Very Reverend Assembly of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam: 
Very Reverend Fathers in Christ:— 

As one who talies to heart the welfare of God's Church in this country, I take the 
liberty of addressing your Revs, in this communication. 

The strange confusion on Long Island and certain old abuses have caused some 
difficulties in our Coetus. This is one reason why your Revs, have not lately 
received any information from the Coetus. At its last session, held September, 
(1751), Mr. Haaghoort was pleased to trouble this Assembly with a protest, as your 
Revs, no doubt know. It was directed chiefly against the special Scribe, (G. Du 
Bois), because he sent the minutes of the Rev. Coetus, somewhat changed, and also 
the letter in the name of the Coetus, without its having been read and approved by 
that body. That gave occasion to me and others, to insist upon it, that nothing 
should be sent to the Rev. Classis in the name of the Coetus, except what had been 
read and approved in its meetings. This claim was so reasonable that it could not 
be refused. But matters were deferred in such a fashion that nothing could come 
of it. The Assembly, however, would not any longer, as before, entrust its minutes 
to the Scribe. That is the reason why the minutes and the usual letter from the 
Rev. Coetus were not sent to your Revs. Yet, if the Rev. Coetus is at all neces- 
sary, and I believe it to be very necessary for the welfare of the churches, then the 
Rev. Assembly must, according to its promises, not judge from individual reports 
of the matters acted on, but which remain still unreported by the Rev. Coetus. 
Such procedures would altogether defeat the very object of the Coetus. 

The reason of my present communication to your Revs, is, that I have been 
Informed of the fact that the gentlemen of New York, (to whose satisfaction every- 
thing, at first, resolved upon by the Coetus concerning Arondeus had been done, 
but more lately they have failed to carry their points), had sent private reports to 
the Rev. Classis; that they were unwilling to let the justly complaining church of 
Van Sinderen have a special Coetus called before they had received, as they expect 
to, next July, an answer from the Rev. Classis to their reports. They carry this so 
far that they told the (delegates of the) church to refuse to attend, and to see to it, 
that all whom they could influence, should not attend, if a meeting should be called. 

Such action can not be said to be only "influencing", but be called by a harder 
name. It is not. My Dear Sirs, that I am in favor of sending your Revs, the min- 
utes of the Rev. Coetus, because I myself like to do it so well; no, it is because it 
it for the advantage of our Assembly. I frankly confess, however, to your Revs., 
that I am afraid I made objection to every one of their acts. And, if I had not 
feared to grieve (pleceren) the Assembly, I would have done, what possibly it was 
my duty to do, I would have shown by protests my aversion to those acts. 

However, be it known to the Rev. Classis that I was not one of them; nor was 
I a member of that Assembly which unanimously passed sentence against Arondeus, 
and who were so izealous In demanding satisfaction that they impo.sed on him an 
absolute silence. No; but when I heard of it, I thought that they had gone too far; 
for that man had not then gone as far astray as he has now done, nor had all the 
documents appeared in such clear light as they dp now. I do not now ask the Rev. 
Assembly to pay attention to my communication; but only not to be in a hurry to 
do anything before the reports from the Coetus itself come to hand. And, then, I 
leave it frankly and openly to your judgment, whether the argued protest of the 
church against calling Arondeus ought (or ought not) to have been heeded. I send 
a copy of this protest, if perchance, as I agree to prove, and by arguments, (first 



1752 



3222 Ecclesiastical Records 

without my having them recorded, and later as recorded, but left unanswered), 
did prove, that that might yet be the way most likely to lead to peace. The Coetus 
wanted to know if we had not heard enough from the church, as well as from 
Arondeus himself, to decide that it would be inexpedient to reinstate him in those 
churches. 

It grieved me that, after the great step of his yielding had been taken, effort was 
still made to bring Arondeus to such a degree of humiliation, by requiring of him 
a special confession of some of his sins. This appears from the herewith enclosed 
copy, for the preparation of which the Assembly appointed myself and Mr, de Ronde. 
Arondeus again promised, as he had already done, to conduct himself according to 
its contents. Then, two men who had no business to meddle in the matter, and in 
spite of solemn remonstrances — the Assembly having not yet considered his answer — 
congratulated him, as Arondeus says, by presenting him with the call from Long 
Island; and later they pushed it through. The Assembly acquiesced in the answer 
of Arondeus. I myself was absent, and Goetschius made a counter-protest, which, 
by the will of God, was caused to turn out for the best. It was not at all to my 
liking, that, after the resolution obliged Arondeus to make public confession, I, 
with de Ronde, was appointed to prepare a prescribed form (of confession). Then, 
also in our absence, followed the resolution ordering that Van Sinderen, too, should 
preach a (penitential) confession sermon according to the following prescribed form, 
given to him: — 

Copy of Form prescribed for Ulpianus Van Sinderen: 

That he shall humbly ask his congregation cordially to forgive him the wrong 
which he did them, even as he, on his part, calls upon God for forgiveness therefor; 
and. In particular, that he shall restrain himself, and not bring into the pulpit any 
violent expressions or things relating to personal quarrels; in short, that he shall 
promise to conduct himself in future like a gospel minister. 

Quod Attestor, 

Joh. Rltzema. 

That requirement of solemnly preaching a Confession Sermon, and to have judge- 
ment passed upon it by six commissioners, etc., looked more like oppression than 
justice. I was shocked when the information was read to me, that those members 
of the legal consistory of Van Sinderen, who had stood by their minister, and who 
had been chosen and installed before he entered upon his services, were now set on 
a line with the disaffected ones of Arondeus. I dreaded the result of such a pro- 
ceeding. Every dissatisfied elder, then, right or wrong, might break away as he 
liked. I confess, that I then uttered some forcible words. I was alarmed that such 
a sentence should be passed against the consistory, as, no accusation had been 
brought against that body; it had had no chance to hear what had been charged 
against it, much less, to defend itself. "How, my dear Sirs", I asked, "Can the 
minister be the lawful minister and the entire consistory unlawful? Why? Because 
one of its members has a seat in your Assembly? Because it has stood by its law- 
ful minister? Because it has been obedient to you and to the Rev. Classis? No! 
Reward it rather for its faithfulness. Give each one of the old members, who stood 
by their minister, two votes, etc. 

To reinstate, as their minister, Arondeus, whom it had declared to be an intruder, 
looked to me ridiculous; that it was contrary to our former action, and to your 
decision; and because, for four weeks, he had shown himself out of sorts with all 
regulations of justice; yea, he had exposed us to pitiful mockeries. For we had 
obliged the man to make humble confession, and to promise improvement, among 
other things, in the matter of his illegal intrusion into Van Sinderen's churches, and 
the disturbances thereby created. The thought, no doubt, actuated him, that— if he 
once confessed that he was sorry for such things, especially as the Rev. Coetus had 
been so pious as to oblige him to make such a public confession, yea, had even 
forced him into it— he could expect that its piety would induce it voluntarily to 
make itself a similar confession from the same pulpit. 

These things, my dear Sirs, I frankly confess, went against the grain with me, as 
well as the rejection of Van Sinderen's complaint against his accusers. My reflec- 
tions on them and on the source from which they sprimg made me walk my path 
in tears. But the consideration of God, and of his government, whereby he makes 



OF THE State of New York. 3223 

1752 

crooked ways straight, to his own honor, quieted my soul, and made me lament the 
restlessness of my unbelief. Nevertheless, I praised the Lord, and it is still a matter 
of gratitude to me, that, even in that Assembly he had kindly kept me from becom- 
ing guilty of helping a godless and hostile man force himself in, against the wishes 
of a few upright and most respectable people in the Church of Long Island. These 
things, your Revs, will come to know from the minutes, as also the absolute cause 
of the great change In our Coetus; for it now recognizes the very man whom it last 
year declared to be utterly worthless, and who now, more than every before, must 
seem to it to be so; yet now it works for him as zealously as it had every worked 
against him. 

Furthermore, three ministers each with an elder, were chosen to go and hear the 
Confession-Sermons of the Long Island gentlemen, on the 26th of November. By 
unanimous vote I was appointed one of them. And so I went. But I constantly 
prayed, and had the united prayers of a few godly people of my own church, and 
trusted that God would take care of his church. Fearing that the inexperience of 
my youth might lead me astray, I chose as my elder, a wise, calm, prudent and 
pious man, who is still occupying a prominent civil position, by the name of Hendrik 
Visser (Fisher). 

I was on hand at the time appointed: After the Confession-Sei-mons had been 
heard, the Committee came to the unanimous conclusion that the one preached by 
Arondeus was not satisfactory. Every one could perceive, well enough, that he 
shoved the blame from himself on the church. He also not obscurely accused the 
Coetus on one of the points laid down, and accepted by him. He used the New 
York ministers very badly. Rev. Ritzema asked him: "Why do you not make com- 
fession in your sermon of your prevarication and deceit, for these are the cause of 
all this discord?" He (Arondeus) further threatened to prosecute him according to 
English law; so that I had to take the matter in hand and make him stop. 

Van Sinderen confessed more than was required of him, and satisfied even his 
enemies. Many friends were deeply moved as he stood there making confession and 
weeping. The people were bound to bring Arondeus to penitence. They asked for 
the sermon which from the pulpit he declared was written word for word, to see 
if in that he had possibly made more of a confession. Bue he said that he had 
confessed more than he was obliged to, and refused to produce the sermon. Then 
they proceeded to propose a second Confession Sermon. Indignantly I set myself 
against that, because it went beyond our commission; giving also other reasons, 
which, while they were convincing, did not bring them over to my side, so that I 
was over ruled. But I got the act so changed that the Assembly could conscien- 
tiously do no more than ask him for a catagorical answer to the question, whether 
or not he would give satisfaction, in a second Confession Sermon. Arondeus refused 
the proposition with solemn asseverations according to his usual manner of speech. 
But he was labored with from two o'clock until nine, in the evening. Then the 
speaker, contrary to the action taken, wanted to give him more time to consider, 
even until the next morning. Still he refused, until in the night his friends, by 
using strong reasons, such, at any rate, as made a deep impression upon his mind, 
got him to yield, and informed us that he was convinced and willing to give satis- 
faction on the points proposed to him in a Confession Sermon. He did not, however, 
show himself to us. 

Readily believing all that was good, we allowed the hearing of a second Confession 
Sermon six weeks later, although, I confess, I resisted this very strongly. Van 
Sinderen's Consistory was then called and had now for the first time the opportunity 
of presenting its side of the case. It requested 

(1) That the arrears on the salary should be paid before the Committee should 
resolve that Arondeus was entitled to a call. They also protested aney against his 
being called, out of fear that the ju'dgement of God would descend upon the Con- 
sistory and the Church, if a man, so well known to them and to the Coetus (for 
evil character) as Arondeus, were called. The Committee, moved by the power of 
the truth and the finger of God, considered their protest just, and left them room 
for protesting against him at any time In the future. 

(2) It requested that he should not again be permitted to ascend the pulpit to 
preach a Confession Sermon. The Committee resolved to ask him not to preach 
during the six weeks. This request he at first complied with, as your Revs, will 
see from reading the minutes. 



3224 Ecclesiastical Records 

As the week was far gone, I remained on Long Island and preached, twice on 
Sunday; in the morning, from Ps. 120:5-7; "Wo is me that I sojourn in lleshech, 
that I dwell In the tents of Kedar! My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth 
peace. I am for peace: but when I speak, thej' arc for war/' In the afternoon on 
the Article of the Creed, "The Communion of saints." On Monday I preached 
from 1 Tim. 6:7; "For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can 
carry nothing out!" After this I returned home. I learned, meanwhile that advices 
were being received in a very irregular way. This led me to take counsel with the 
president of our last Coetus, Rev. John Leydt, a godly and upright man. I wish to 
let you know his answer, which I here write down: 



Copy. 

My Brother: I received your letter. A little while before, I received one from 
Rev. Ritzema, containing, in part, the same request which you now make, and 
mentioning both matters which your letter contains. I, therefore, verbally com- 
municate what has reference thereto. But I am awaiting your Rev's, answer, to 
the request I made, concerning tbe account, made from memory by myself and 
elders, of the submission of Van Sinderen and Lett, to the measures decided upon In 
the last Coetus. I had my own serious doubts, whether taking or receiving such 
advice would just now be timely and necessariy. Yet if there seems to be any 
good in it, I will yield; although my elder will not be able to learn anything about 
It, because he went home and did not return. Whether he went home because his 
father-in-law lay at the point of death; or because his soul was grieved at the 
impiety of (some of) our ministers: (for to my deep chagrin, I must confess, that in 
our Coetus, there is well nigh nothing that is less noticeable than piety); or whether 
he left for some other reason, he himself will be best able to say. As for myself, 
the things of which I spoke in my former letter stay by me almost day and night, 
and some of them lie very fresh in my memory. 

I think, I know this much very well: namely, that neither of the parties came any- 
where near submitting itself, (to the action proposed), or, in other matters did they 
act as they ought to have done; that Van Sinderen did, at last, personally submit 
himself to the Assembly; yet, in parting, Lott remarked that they would abide by the 
propositions they had handed in — the reasons, namel}', for not calling Arondevis. 1 feel 
myself also in conscience bound to give answer to the same effect. From that time 
forth, I believed the Committee to be, useless and of no value. For, after all, every- 
thing was done by compulsion of those men, entirely against their will and inclina- 
tion, if not against their conscience, and this refers to both sides. Then, I also 
thought, what could it have mattered, had they submitted to the Coetus? seeing 
that the Committee had left them room for making protests? It mattered nothing! 
For, under such circumstances, the whole concern broke down, and the going of a 
second Committee is good for nothing. I stood wondering by what precedent, or by 
what rule of justice, the Committee went to work to require a second Confession 
Sermon; notwithstanding the fact that a general Committee might be given a special 
commission, with the understanding always that its special commission, or instruc- 
tion. Is not to be departed from a hair's breadth. If a safe (acceptable) report Is to 
be made, and good reasons are to be given therefor, according to Art. 6 of the Post 
Acta. (Arts. IV to VI.) 

It is in that light that I must look upon the Committee In the Dutch County, and 
particularly upon the Confession Sermon of Arondeus, who was indeed deeltum 
profundi mcdknn, as far as his own person was concerned. It was the aim of the 
Coetus that, if he gave satisfaction, and everything went in well thereafter, the way 
should be opened to calling him. The aim of the Classis, too, was to give him one 
more trial. Naturally, if he did not make a confession satisfactory to Long Island, 
si non sic sUtltvs ratiodnandi, what else can be the effect, except that it make him 
more bold and angry, as the long delay must give occasion for untimely depreca- 
tions? Wherefore, of set purpose, I have restrained myself, although, as President, 
1 had a right to speak. I wanted to see the child born before I took account of con- 
sequences. Brother, has your Rev. not had and seen enough of his distainful action 
and illtreatment? What must become of .such a scamp? (verwogen). My heart beats 
(turns about) with aversion and compassion. Are you not yourself a witness? and 
did you not say that he had cursed himself too seriously to appear before the Coetus? 



OF THE State of New York. 3225 

Therefore, besides otbers, that curse is lying upon him. I dread to speals of it. Oh! 
that he might yet be succoured and saved! 

One particular, omitted in my last, I want to mention now; namely, that we can 
never answer for having condemned those members of Van Sinderen's consistory 
that remained firm. My Dear Sir, make allowance for me, in that I did only what 
was wanted of me. If the aim be evil, the sin is mine. Therefore tell him, (nota 
bene) of the motives of the letter of Rev. Ritzema, in relation to the submission of 
Lott and Van Sinderen to the resolution which the Committee was instructed to 
carry out. If, perchance, the Committee was not so instructed, then it was nil, and 
of no value. 

So far writes that upright Brother, my Colleague or nearest neighbor, 

Joh. Leydt, 

Minister at New Brunswick. 
Dec. 20th, 1751. 



X Continuation of Frelinghuy sen's letter.] 

March, 1752. 

N. B. I did not consider the Committee as nil, since Arondeus had to be first 
qualitied for a call by us; and it would be very wrong of the Church if it called him 
before he had shown penitence and improvement. Such a change of mind might 
induce it (the Committee?) to call him, or pave the way for his being called to other 
churches by some passably ecclesiastical form. Hence also the advice, by authority 
of the Committee on Long Island, to hear the second Confession Sermon. But, my 
brethren, who had pushed that through against my wish and -rote, now, also without 
my knowledge, refused Arondeus. So I appeared there with a few hearers in vain. 
The latest report about Arondeus is that he is an impeniteni; sinner. May the Lord 
have care for his soul! All this, Rev. Fathers, I ask your Reverences patiently to 
look for, when the minutes of the Coetus and of the Committee come to hand. 
I deem it my duty to give you some information in regard to it. I trust tliat .vou 
will watch over our churches. Without the salt of order there can be no peace. 
Mark 9:50. The Lord, I liope, will give your Reverences more light on those matters 
which are still dark. 

A few things, besides, are pressing upon my mind. These I had better make 
known. The matter of de Wint will, no doubt, have come to your Reverences' 
knowledge from a letter signed by the president and the scribe, Rev. Goetschius, 
and Leydt. Of Arondeus you will probably hear enough; possibly from his own lips, 
when his conscience, whifli he now keeps on resisting, wakes up. For he lives, as it 
seems to me, in secret despair of himself, departing from before the face of the 
Lord. (Gen. 4:16.) Such things, the Rev. Verbryck had heard from his own lips and 
reported in full Coetus. Rev. Fryennioet, his friend, also declared that he could 
prove it beyond a probability. Therefore I think, it must be so. If there is brought 
before your Reverences anything against the secretary, Goetschius, or anybody else, 
the possibility of which has been intimated to me by my brother Leydt, I know that 
your carefulness and justice will not allow you to accept anything proven, before 
one has had the chance of defending him.self. I have, indeed, said to friends, that 
the saving of Benhadads and .Agags was the death of Israel— the justification of the 
wicked, the condemnation of the just; and that I expected that the protection of 
the Arondeuses and de Wints would have the same result. 

Excuse my boldness in troubling your Reverences with this communication. The 
Lord give your Reverences compassion for our Zion and for us, his poor children, 
few, oppressed; who, though sighing over one who is unspiritual and indifferent, 
yet are thankful to God that he uses your Reverences for our help and deliverance. 
With much love and respect, I remain. Very Reverend Fathers, Your Reverences 
Most Obedient Servant and Brother in Christ, 

John Frielinghuysea. 
Raritan, March, 1752. 

Receiver p. Convert, via. London, May 17, 1752. 



3226 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

CORKESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

The Consistory of Claverack to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, 

March 30, 1752. 
Portfolio " TvTew York ", Vol. ii. 

Addressed on outside: 

To the Very Reverend, Very Learned Classis of Amsterdam, at Amsterdam. 
To the Very Reverend Classis of Amsterdam: — 

In order to the proper understanding of the letter sent to the Very Rev. Classis, 
the following account of vyhat has occurred is enclosed: 

I. After the unanimous call of Rev. B. T. Van Hoevenberg to (the Church of) New 
York had been annulled by a majority vote, (of that Consistory), because he had 
said that he would have nothing to do with the intrigues of Rev. (Gualterus) du 
Bois and Mr. Banliert; and, because, without order from the Consistory, a letter 
written by the late du Bois, as I believe, had been handed to him, to compel him to 
join the Coetus; and he would not allow himself to be bound by his signature, 
because his call should stand on the same footing as that of Rev. Ritzema, whose 
signature had not been so required: — then the before mentioned Lord Robert Living- 
ston, Junior, invited Claveracli to unite with him, (the patroon), at the Manor of 
Livingston, in calling Rev. Van Hoevenberg, whom he most highly recommended. 

This was finally done, after the conditions had been agreed on. The call was 
signed first by the patroon, J. (Van) Renselaer, and the Consistory of Claverack. 
But while the patroon of the Manor of Livingston was delaying to add his signature, 
there came to his ears through one of his nearest friends, a malicious saying of Rev. 
Van Hoevenberg, which caused hard words to pass between them. Though becom- 
ing ecclesiastically reconciled, in the presence of Messrs Cool and Ham, elders of 
the Manor Church, Livingston still refused to sign the call. 

II. Meanwhile Rev. Van Hoevenberg was called to Lower Rhinebeck. He went 
there because the (Patroon of the) Manor refused to sign. After being there half a 
year, he was wanted on Long Island. So we gave him a letter of dismissal declaring 
ourselves perfectly satisfied with his teaching and conduct. In evidence of that the 
Consistory resolves, not one member dissenting, to permit him to administer the 
Lord's Supper. The first time, the domine administered it without there being any 
objection raised; the second time, not without a struggle, because some evil-minded 
persons had spread the report that Rev. Van Hoevenberg was not a legal minister. 

In the summer of 1751 Rev. Prielinghuysen, after having administered the Lord's 
Supper, made an offer to Claude de Lametter to hold a preaching service (in that 
neighborhood) in the week. Rev. Van Hoevenberg, knowing of this, came to hear 
Frielinghuysen, and especially, if possible, to settle the difficulty. When Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg came to the house of de Lametter, Rev. Frielinghuysen said to him 
that he hoped he had not come to cause division in the Church. To which Rev. 
Van Hoevenberg, with calmness replied, by asking, if Rev. Frielinghuysen had had 
any experience of that? Rev. Frielinghuysen said, "After the sermon I shall hold 
a meeting of the Consistory to settle the diificulties." Rev. Van Hoevenberg 
answered, "I join in that request." After Rev. Frielinghuysen had gone, we sepa- 
rated, and came together again the next day at the house of the Reader, (Voorlezer) 
Willem Van Ess. Rev. Frielinghuysen pretended that, as the Church of Claverack 
was in his charge, he was bound to keep that congregation united. He asked Rev. 
Van Hoevenberg for his papers. The latter refused to show them to him, giving as 
reasons: — 

1. Because he had shown them in full consistory at Claverack, after having 
announced that those of the church who wished to see them could come in. The 
elders declared at the same time that they had seen them and were satisfied in 
regard to them. In this Frielinghuysen refused to acquiesce. 

2. Because Rev. Frielinghuysen had no more right to ask such a thing of Rev. Van 
Hoevenberg, who had been in service for two years already, and that unquestioned, 
than Rev. Van Hoevenberg had to ask him to show him his papers; especially, a» 



OP THE State of New York. 3227 

Kev. Miincius had installed him at Rhinebeck on the strength of his papers: also, 
because that man, Caspar Couyn, at whose request he asked it, was not a member 
of the Consistory. 

After this had passed, the Consistory, or at any rate, three elders, asked Rev. Van 
Hoevenlierg to preach. But Frielinghuysen refused to allow this, under pretext that 
he would not allow another minister in his churches. Nevertheless, at the urgent 
request of the Consistory, he did preach. As Rev. Van Hoevenberg preached after 
mealtime. Rev. Frielinghuysen, contrary to his promise, went away without holding 
a consistoi'y meeting. He went to Kinderhoek, after declaring that he did not know, 
that Rev. Van Hoevenberg's call had been signed by Claverack, and that the elders 
had accepted him as minister. 

In the winter of 1752, Rev. Frielinghuysen having miuisiered again at Livingston 
Manor, the elders of Claverack were called by the deacons to appear before Rev. 
Freilinghuysen, either at the Livingston Manor or at Claverack. They agreed to 
appear before the Manor Consistory, on condition that Rev. Mancius, of Kingston, 
should be present. 

III. Appearing there, the deacons presumed to require the elders to prove that 
Rev. Van Hoevenberg was a legal minister. Hereupon Rev. Mancius proposed, in 
the name of Rev. Van Hoevenberg that that matter be left to the judgement of the 
Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, to be decided by them according to Church Law; 
and that Rev. Van Hoevenberg should meanwhile remain in the ministry at Claver- 
ack; and that the deacons should get Rev. Frielinghuysen to agree to this, and each 
should exhort his party to peace and unity. Several times Rev. Mancius set forth 
the justice of such a mea.sure, and urged that they write conjointly, so as to avoid 
the delay of writing to and fro. But several times Rev. Frielinghu.vsen refused to 
consent to the plan, saying that he wanted to write for him.self. 

We, the undersigned, elders of Claveraitk, hereby declare that the second and third 
articles are the truth, because we were present; but as to the first, we leave that to 
the account of R«v. Van Hoevenberg. 

Done at Claverack, March 30, 1752. 

Johannes Leggert, 
Claude de Lametter, 
J. Renselaar. 
Received, November 22, 1752. No. 164. 



Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, April 10, 1752. [See May 1, 1752.] 
(This document is quite obscure in meaning, as the Classis also 
declares below; but ^ve have tried to make it clearer, bv paren- 
thetical words.) 

Letter from Rev. G. Haeghoort, containing a Protest against 
the Coetus which was held Septeml)er 13, (1751) ; another, from 
Second River, (Haeghoort's home) of Dec. 6, 1751. These were 
received April 10, 1752. (See under date of Sept. 10-17, 1751, 
for reference to this Protest.) 

(Abstract.) 

The Protest is confused and unintelligible. It were best that 
it should be read in Classis. The Protest was, at his request, 
handed in to the Coetus; for he v.'as not a member. 

in 



1752 



1752 



3228 Ecclesiastical Records 

In his letter of July 12, 1751, he says that he had received 
ours of jSTov. 5, 1750, and had answered the same. He is affected 
and surprised at our expressions (of displeasure) ; yet in the 
previous letter he had freely expressed his own thoughts, but 
hoped that they had not bored us. He expects a fraternal answer. 
N. B. But this letter of October 17, 1751, on account of (sev- 
eral ?) harsh expressions, was not deemed deserving of an answer 
by the Classis of April 10, 1752. 

His Protest is against the Coetus, and against Rev. (Gual- 
terus) Du Bois, its Clerk. Against the latter, however, he does 
not elaborate his Protest, Du Bois having since died. He sends 
it over however, because the Coetus will do the same, so that we 
may see that " lording and avarice " (heerschinge en meest in- 
schraping) occur in the Coetus. 

He thinks that an impartial judgment will justify his Protest 
against the Coetus. He says the Synod should have been informed 
of their affairs, and its " approval " of the Coetus secured. It was 
the fault of the Classis that this did not take place, although he 
had requested this very thing of us as well as of the Coetus. 
This circumstance gives him no pleasure. The Coetus originated 
from no other grounds (than) partisanship and ambition. The 
so-called Correspondent, whose authority (wettigheydt) is far to 
seek, thereto also gave occasion. His (Haaghoort's) plan as to 
the way in which such a Coetus should have been instituted, was 
held back, and instead of it, there was substituted another plan 
by the Consistory of I^ew York. In spite of some opposition, 
they arrogated to themselves to send to the Coetus two elders and 
only one city-minister. The authority which the Classis had sent 
to him (Haaghoort) and to Erickson, to ordain Rev. Schuyler, 
was long held back, so that the envelope was worn off, the seal 
broken, the letter opened and altered ; and it was not transmitted 
(to us) imtil just as a Coetus was about to be held. It was pre- 
tended that it, (the ordination of Schuyler?) must take place 
in (New) York, (else) the Coetus would not be kept intact (in 
staat) ; nevertheless the (Consistories) of Long Island and Haar- 
lem in violation of Article 8, (of the Coetus) allowed persons 



OF THE State op New York. 3229 

to preach who had not studied. The same policy is also main- 
tained at the reopening of each Coetus. (And at the close) the 
Acts are not first reviewed (geresumeert) but are recorded at 
once in the book after the Coetus is held. But this is contrary 
to the regulations. Thus also no one can see what has been done, 
and alterations can be made at will. He (Haaghoort) has indeed 
been promised, on his own request, a copy of his Plan, from the 
minutes, (Protocol); also of the letters of the Classis ; but that 
promise has not been fulfilled. The letter to the Classis, also, 
was not written during the meeting of Coetus but after adjourn- 
ment ; and the copy was for the first read at the next Coetus ; 
although this was done differently last year. 

He thinks that those letters ought first to be read (in the 
Coetus), as is done with us in our Classis. He makes complaint 
of two settled ministers, Arondeus and de Wint. These he 
charges with having advertised (adverteeren) him and another 
member of the Coetus, without being rebuked by the moder- 
ators (?) In respect to this, it was twice attempted to put on 
record, [to book, verboeken,] what was resolved on and noted. (?) 
An attempt was made to make the scoundrelism of Rev. Wynstok 
appear probable; and it was taken in evil part that the letter of 
Klopper, of which our Classis makes mention, was asked for. 
They said they knew nothing of this, and refused to communicate 
the letter of Rev. Schelluyne, except orally. 

It was even deemed unnecessary to note down what had been 
already sent to the Classis. lie also objects to Coetus, because a 
minister cannot obtain redress of his affairs so well as the congre- 
gations can. Because the Coetus was only instituted to settle 
disputes, preachers are bound to conduct themselves according to 
the decision of the Coetus ; but the congi-egations hold themselves 
to such decisions as far as they happen to please them, and not 
otherwise. This appears from the affair between van Sinderen 
and Arondeus, and their respective parties. The latter (party) 
belonged to the Coetus in the time of Rev. Freeman; now they 
mock at the Coetus. 



1752 



3230 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

Yet they repair to it again when there is hope of getting what 
they want, and of keeping Arondeus. Also in the affairs of 
Acquakenonk, in the time of John van Driessen, the Coetus and 
(Jlassis were ridiculed ; but now they repair thither again, with- 
out doing anything (toward a settlement) of that ease. But when 
Classis recommended to Coetus the union (of Aquackononck) 
with Second River, it was then openly declared they had no 
business with the Coetus. JSTevertheless, when summoned, an 
elder appeared saying his people was not inclined to union. But 
surely this (their conduct) should not have stood in the way of 
Coetus undertaking such a desirable business ; just as little as 
(it should not have stood in the way) w^hen they wished to keep 
such a felloAv as Arondeus. With him the party of Van Sinderen 
M'ill never l>e reconciled; for from his (Van Sinderen's) stand- 
point it is impossible. They (the Coetus) should not have re- 
jected his (Haaghoort's) peace-loving letters which tended in 
every sense to the welfare of the churches. And the replies of 
Acquackononk should have been looked at and considered, (by 
the Coetus), and the opinions of both churches should have been 
asked for, and become known by the Coetus, as was the case 
with those of Long Island. More information should have been 
sought, and thus the intentions of Classis could have been com- 
plied with. 

Heretofore he (Haaghoort) has been writing about the Com- 
mittee; now, one (David) Marinus, is given (attention to). He 
was examined by Rev. Schlatter in Philadelphia on his own 
authority, and was provided with a license to preach, and that 
without the knowledge of the (German) Coetus. He (Schlatter) 
pretends to have a commission which allows him to do everything. 
This surprised even his own elder. Nevertheless he attends the 
Coetus, (the German Coetus ?) mthout anything being said of 
all this. Twice did the writer of this letter speak of it at (our) 
Coetus, but nothing was done in the premises. Thus the con- 
gregations have more liberty than the ministers. They are so 
subordinated to the Classis that they are completely dependent on 
it, as if they were its mere servants. This was an expression 



OF THE Ptatk of New York. 3231 

used in the Coetus, and it (thus substantially) appears also in its 
Fundamental Articles. (See under date of April 27, 1738.) 

Since all the Minutes (of Coetus?) are sent over to the same, 
(to the Classis?) and (matters) therein are approved or disap- 
proved, why, he asks, is not the same authority used over the 
(individual) congregations. Especially in matters relating to 
calls? If they (the congregations) cannot be thus subordinated, 
why is there not an effort made to bring the business of the Coetus 
to the same condition? and (also to bring the business of?) the 
churches out of the fundamental causes of the disputes? One 
ought to try to take away these fundamental causes, as a wise 
physician would do. He asks — Whether it would be too severe a 
threat, (to declare) — that the Coetus or Classis would ratify no 
call unless it were guaranteed (in the call, that the congregation 
would be) subject to the Coetus and the Classis and their laws; 
or rather, (unless it were guaranteed that) honest persons should 
(not) be allowed to be abused. Should not the Coetus be allowed 
to reconmiend and help honorable men to vacant churches, as well 
as such dishonorable ones as De Wint and Arondeus ? To such 
ends he (Haeghoort) had sought to direct the affairs in the Coetus, 
but in vain ; yet to this end was directed the very draught of the 
Regulations. 

He also suggested that instead of the plan of an almost imprac- 
ticable " Church-Visitation ",* each minister and elder at the 
Coetus should be asked, Whether each one did his duty ? Whether 
the salary was promptly paid to the preacher? But this Article 
was left out of the list (of Rules of the Coetus.) He is indeed 
aware that we (the Classis) tried to co-operate toward the accom- 
plishment of these matters, in our letters of 1749 

* Article 44 of Rules of Synod of Dorl: "Each Classis shall authorize two or more 
of the eldest, most experienced and best qualified of its members, anuully to visit 
all the churches belonging to its jurisdiction, both in the cities and in the country; 
whose business it shall be to enquire— Whether the ministers, consistories and school- 
masters do faithfully discharge their offices? Whether they adhere to sound doc- 
trine? Whether they observe in all things the received discipline, and promote as 
much as possible, by word and deed, the edification of the congregation in general, 
and of the youth in particular? That so they may reasonably and in a brotherly 
manner, admonish those who in either of these particulars may be found negligent; 
and by their counsel and conduct assist in directing all things to the edification and 
prosperity of the churches and schools. 

Each Classis may continue their "Visitors" in office during pleasure, except when 
the Visitors themselves for reasons, of which the Classis shall judge, request to be 
dismissed." 

This was found in colonial times, on account of the distance between the churches 
to be quite impracticable. 



1752 



1752 



3232 Ecclesiastical Records 

and October 15, 1750 ; but to his regret no heed was given thereto. 
I^o letters which were necessary to him, in relation to his Protest, 
had been sent to him; nevertheless (he) knew their contents; that 
thev must not be so reckless, in the making of their calls. He had 
strongly insisted thereon, but the pretended correspondent brought 
matters into such a shape, that even the adopted Articles were 
made obscure, or were altered. For thev went so far in this cor- 
respondence, that these Articles were withdrawn, which contained 
the peremptory decision of Classis about Rev. (T. J.) Frieling- 
huysen Avhich declared him orthodox and removed the ban ; but 
they altered them, acknowledging him simply as '' lawful ". 

Finally, he says that the churches, which make the calls, should 
therein be made equally subordinate to Coetus, as the ministers 
are pledged thereto, in the calls. It was this which had occasioned 
such a storm in the case of Rev. Hoevenberg at New York, who, 
refusing to do so, (to make himself subordinate), his call was 
made null and void. It is thus they know how to make use of the 
Coetus. If even the Consistory of ISTew York has prescribed this 
for its ministers, why not do the same for all the ministers to- 
gether ? This would remove many causes of dispute and increase 
brotherly love. A committee on this, his Protest, had been ap- 
pointed. Most of the members of the Coetus are witnesses of 
what he has said. He requests a copy, if that Committee should 
write anything to us, (the Classis) so that he may be able to 
defend himself, and we may be enabled to proceed discreetly, who, 
now that it is too late, can not help him under all the ill-treatment 
he has received. He knows not what else to do, except to put 
forth proper efforts; he will seek to be faithful, and comfort 
himself with the Divine promises. He concludes with salutations. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 
Letters Read. 
1752, April 10th. Art. 10. Extracts were read from several 
letters, as follows: 

1. From Rev. Gerard Haggoord of Second River, of July 17, 
1751, received by us Oct.. 26, 1751. To this no reply shall be 
made because of contemptuous and malicious expressions. 



OF THE State of New York. 3233 

2. From Egv. John Ritzema of New York, 'Row 15, 1751, to- 
gether with several papers relating to a call of Rev. John Aerailins 
Wernig (Wernich) to Stone Arabia, N. Y. These shall be dis- 
cussed at a following meeting of Classis. In the meantime Rev. 
Ritzema shall be answered in general terms. A letter to him was 
read and approved. 

3. From Rev. George Weiss of the 1 and 17 of November, 
1751. This shall also be answered in general terms. 

4. From Rev. G. H. Mancius, of Kingston, N. Y. of October 
11, 1751. It was written in the name of the Consistory there, 
and was received Feb. 16, 1752. To this no reply shall for the 
present be made. In regard to that matter relating to the chnrch 
of New Paltz, further information is awaited. 

5. From the Revs. Leid (Leydt) and Goetschius, October 18, 
1751, in the name of the Coetns of New York, together with some 
testimonia touching the case of P. de Wind. 

6. From whom (De Wind) a letter was also communicated to 
the Classis ; 

7. as well as one from the Consistory of Bergen and Staten 
Island in reference to him (De Wind) which was addressed to 
Classis. 

While these affairs are of the utmost importance, they shall 
first be written about to the Classis of Nether Veluwe, and also 
to Revs. Wynstok and Medenbach, of whom mention is made in 
those letters, after which the affair shall be further acted on. 
xii. 283. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Ritzema, April 10, 1752. 

Vol. 30, page 247, No. 139. 

To Rev. John Ritzema, Pastor at New York: 

Rev. Sir and Beloved Brother : — In order to show you that the 
Classis of Amsterdam will gladly answer your friendly statements 
to her concerning different affairs in the Church of God in that 
land where you now find yourself, we write this in the name of 
the Classis, with our thanks for the trouble which your Rev. has 
been pleased to take ; nevertheless, we hope, that you will not think 



1752 



32o4 ECCLB>SIASTICAL RECORDS 

it amiss, that we do not at present, elaborate upon the affair itself 
to wliich yon refer, but consider the matter only as reported, until 
such time as the Rev. Coetus causes its greetings to be sent in 
reference to this matter; othersvise, we would be compelled to 
answ^er also all the other gentlemen, privately, and thus to make 
private (public?) affairs which regard the entire Coetus. This 
would soon create gTeat confusion. Meanwhile, we observe from 
your honored letter of ISTov. 15th, from ISJ'ew York, that this par- 
ticular affair was communicated to you in the name of the entire 
Coetus. viz., that they would gladly see Rev. John Aemilius Wer- 
nig recognized in the name of the Classis as the lawful pastor at 
Stone Arabia, notwithstanding- he was called and installed there 
not in accordance with our regular Church Order. We will not 
fail to make report of this to our Classis, and to inform Coetus 
as soon as possible of the decision of the Classis thereupon. 

Furthermore, Rev. Sir and Much-beloved Brother, We remain, 
after prayer for a blessing upon you, and thanking you for the 
offer of your services. Your servants to command, The Deputati 
Classis ad Res Exteras, 

John Van der Vorm 

James Tyken, V. D. M. Amst. Depp. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, 

April 1, 1752. 

Acts of the Coetus, Convened at the Request of Dom. 

SiNDEBEasr AND HIS FkIENDS, BY DoM. RiTZEMA, ExTRAOB- 

DiNAEY Clerk, held at I^ew York, April 14-16, 1752. 
In Acts of Classis, Vol. xxiii. 267, seq. Referred to xxiv. 13. 
Session I. — Tuesday, April 14 — Forenoon. 

1. Opening.— The Assembly was opened with prayer by Dom. John Leydt, the last 
President. 

Members Present. 

Rev. Rienhart Brickson, Eider, H. Bennet 

" A. Curtenius, " J- Kip 

" G. Haeghoort " J- Spier 

" J. Ritzema " C- Banclier 

B. Meinema 

" H. Goetschius " R- Marteae 

" J. Leydt " H. Fisher 

" .7. Prelinghuysen " W. Willemsen 

" U. Van Sinderen " A. Lott 

" S. Verbryck " C. Smith. 



OF THE State of New York. 3235 

The next in succession to tlie last President being absent, Dom. G. Haeglioort was 
chosen President Extraordinary. Dom. Van Sinderen and Lott, his elder, acknowl- 
edging that the Coetus was convened at their request, they were required to pay 
sixteen pounds for the expense of the meeting; which they promised to do. 

2. Object of the Mectinf/.— The: proposal of Dom. Van Sinderen and his party was 
heard, desiring the execution of the previous decisions of the Classis and the Coetus 
in their matters. Postponed till the afternoon. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgivint?. TiminiK Convmtus at half ))jist two 
o'clock, P. M. 

SEsaiox II. — Apteknooin. 

1. DelcgaiKS from K'mgs County.— The meeting was opened with an edifying prayer 
by the President. Peter Lefferts, William Couwenhoven, B. Ryder, Wil. Van Nuys, 
Peter Vandervoort, and Hendrik Vandewater appeared as delegates from Kings 
County, and conflrnied the request of Dom. Van Sinderen and Mr. Lott. 

2. From Q«Pf.«(s.— Joseph Duryee came as a delegate from Jamaica, Queens County, 
seeking counsel and aid against Arondeus, who, continuing to preach, hindered their 
miion. 

3. Report of the Committee.— The minutes of the last Coetus were read, and a report 
was requested from the committee on Flatbush. The Rev. Messrs. Kitzema, De 
Ronde, and Frelinghuyseu, with their elders, reported what they had done to the 
following effect, etc. The Committee having stated their reasons for appointing a 
second confession to be made b.y Arondeus, the Assembly acquiesced in the indul- 
gence, as granted v.itli a good aim. 

SESsio^f III. — \Vj';d.\F':sday, Octobp^k 15 — Fobenoon. 

1. Arondeu-'i Cit^il.—Tht- At<.sembiy, Ijciug opcno;! willi prayer l>y rlie President, 
considered whether Dom. Arondeus should not be summoned before them to answer, 
and it was concluded to cite him to appear, by a letter of this import: The Rev. 
Coetus, now met in extraordinai-y session, in New York, think proper to apprise you 
that they judge your presence necessary here: wherefore you are requested to repair 
hither to-morrow, at 10 o'clock, A. M., to hear what the Assembly has to state to 
you. 

2. Reading of Doeum( nts. —Th(i decision of the Coetus and the Classis concerning 
Dom. Arondeus, and the accompanying Classical Letter, v.ere again read. Time 
being spent in deliberation, the Assembly separated with thanksgiving; to meet 
again at half past two, P. M. 

Session IV. — Afternoon. 

The Assembly was opened with prayer. After continued deliberation, it was 
decided that the sentence of the Classis against Arondeus should be carried into 
effect. 

Separated with thanksgiving. Tempiix ConrcDtvst to-morrow, at 9, A. M. 

Session V.- — Thlrsday, April 16 — Forenoon. 

The Assembly was opened with prayer by the President. Then, finding it necessary 
to execute the sentence made and ratitied by the Classis, since all endeavors at 
making peace have proved fruitless, (as appears from the report of the Committee, 
confirmed by others,) and Arondeus continues immovably impenitent for his unchris- 
tian and disorderly course; the Assembly took into consideration the way and man- 
ner of doing this. After mature deliberation, it was concluded to make it known by 
writing to the different parties; and Dom. Ritzema and the Elder Fisher, a committee 
for the purpose, reported the following draft, which was adopted: 
To Dom. Van Sinderen and 7iis Congregations, and Dom. Arondeus and his: 
It Is hereby made known to you, that the decision of the Rev. Coetus, made Sep- 
tember 14, 1750, and confirmed by the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, January 12, 1751, 
in relation to the question of the lawfulness or unlawfulness of the ministry of Dom. 
John Arondeus in Kings County, must now take effect. Thus Dom. U. Van Sinderen 



.^286 Ecclesiastical Records 

is to be recognized as lawful minister in Kings County, and Dom. John Arondeus as 
unlawful, and therefore, not authorized to administer the Word and sacrament in 
the Hollandish churches on Long Island: so that each and every one whom it con- 
cerns, professing to be a member of the Netherlandish Church, and under the Church 
Orders established in the National Synod at Dordrecht, W18 and 1619, is to show 
himself obedient to the foregoing action; which this Assembly expects. 

Done in our meeting of Coetus, in the Consistory Chamber at New York, this 16th 
of April, 1752. 

Accordingly, the sentence thus carried out was read before both parties, fortified 
with exhortations by the President, and then delivered into their own hands. 

The Assembly separated in the usual manner. 

Session VT. — Afteenoon. 

The Assembly being opened with prayer: 

1. Copies Requested. — Dom. Arondeus and friends requested a copy of the minutes 
of the two last sessions of the Coetus, and also of the last committee on Flatbush, 
which was granted, on condition of their paying for the same; and also, if desired, 
a copy of the decision of the Coetus given in the year 1750. 

2. Advice Asked. — The committee of Dom. Van Sinderen's friends desired advice on 
these points: 1. What was to be done about the non-payment of salary by the sub- 
scribers to Dom. Van Sinderen's call? Ans. They are referred to the previous action 
of the Assembly, of which a copy can be obtained. 2. What is to be done with those 
who were admitted as church members by Dom. Arondeus, during his irregular 
sojourn on the island? Ans. It is referred to the prudence of Dom. Van Sinderen 
and his Consistory. 3. How is Dom. Arondeus's Consistory to be regarded and 
treated? Ans. The minister being disapproved, the Consistory must be also; con- 
sequently the church property must be restored to Dom. Van Sinderen and his 
CJonsistory. 

3. roppon.— Abraham Haering and John Nagel, a committee from Tappan, pre- 
sented a paper containing various complaints against Dom. Muzelius, which they 
enforced by oral statements. Whereupon it was concluded to write in express 
terms to Dom. Muzelius, warning him against exciting trouble by preaching in pri- 
vate houses, and exhorting him to avoid scandal, by refraining from his unchristian 
behavior. Otherwise the Coetus will be compelled to act against him ecclesiastically, 
and the Consistoi*y of Tapjian may call in the aid of two or three of the neighboring 
ministers, with their elders, to proceed further against him, even to the infliction of 
censure, and report to the next Coetus; which may issue in his total removal. 

4. Poughkeepsie. — Dom. B. Meinema was compelled to complain to the Assembly, 
that the Consistory of Poughkeepsie were negligent of their oflScial duty, and that 
the newly chosen members refused to sign the call. It was directed that they 
should be written to in strong terms. 

The Assembly separated in peace, with tiianksgiving to God. 

Done in the Consistory Chamber in New York, and signed, in the name of all, 

Gerard Haeghoort, h. t. Pres. 

John Leydt, h. t. Clerk. 
Collatum Concordat. 

COEJRESPONDENCE FKOM AmEKICA. 

The Coetus to the Classis of Amsterdam, April 17, 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Also, Vol. xxiii, 257. 

Reference, xxiv. 13. 

Very Reverend Sirs and Brethren in Christ:— 

Numerous circumstances have prevented us from sooner sending to your Revs, 
the minutes of our Assembly. Accompanying this, therefore, are those of three ses- 
sions, signed by the President and the Scribe. To these will be added what must 
serve to a better understanding of them, namely. Hie Confessions which the Revs. 



OF THE State of New York. 3237 

Arondeus and Van Sinderen were required to make, both before our Assembly, and 
in public before the Church. 

There was also sent to your Revs., in name of the Assembly, a letter concerning 
the matter of De Wint, which, no doubt your Revs, have received, together with 
the original testimonials asked for. By reason of the death of Mr. G. du Bois, the 
reply by the Committee to the protest of Mr. Haaghoort went by default. If, how- 
ever, your Revs, desire further light on that matter, it can be given ou some future 
occasion. We trust that it will now appear to your Revs, with sufficient clearness, 
that it was inexpedient and impossible for us to reinstate Arondeus on Long Island 
as a colleague of Van Sinderen. Further, we pray that the Lord may pour out 
upon your Revs, every needed blessing, and that we may in future make your Revs, 
glad with good reports of our Zion. 

We remain your Reverences' Obedient Servants, Brethren and Fellow-laborers in 
the Gospel of God, 

By authority and in the name of the entire Coetus, 

Gerard Haaghoort, Pres. protem. 
John Leydt, Scribe protem. 
New York, April 17, 1V52. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam.. 
The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Classis of Neder 
Velnwe, April 18, 1752. Vol. 30, page 251, No. 142. .[See 
May 12, 1751]. 

To the Rev. Classis of Neder Veluwe: 
Worthy, Godly, Very-learned Gentlemen, and Much-beloved Brethren:— 

Having learned from a private letter of Rev. Peter Wynstok, addressed to one of 
the members of our Assembly, certain circumstances, which excited our suspicions, 
that Peter De Wind had deceived us and the Coetus of New York, in a most shame- 
ful manner, by forged testimonials; (for he had been examined by us for ordination 
at the request of the Coetus of New York, and ordained ou [Jan.] 12th, 1751, as 
pastor at Bergen and Staten Island in New Netherland:) we, as quickly as possible, 
notified the Coetus of the same, by a letter dated May 3rd, 1751, and requested th.it 
Assembly to take care that said De Wind should not he permitted to perform minis- 
terial functions until the truth or groundlessne.ss of these suspicions should be 
made clear to us. We also requested the Coetus that, if possible, the original cer- 
tificates of Peter De Wind should be forwarded to us. Subsequently the Rev. Peter 
Wynstok sent to Rev. Vander Vorm, in a letter of Oct. 2, 1751, a further ac(!ouat 
of this person, and with a copy of the Minutes of the Rev. Classis of Neder Veluwe, 
in reference to said De Wind, dated May 12, 1751. Thereupon, in abhorrence of such 
wicked and deceitful conduct, we resolved that said De Wind was unworthy of ever 
being installed in the sacred ministry, if he were not already installed; but if this 
had already been done, that he be dc facto deposed, and our Classis did hereby 
depose him, etc. We also gave notice as soon as possible of this, viz., on Nov. 23, 
1751, to the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island, as well as to the Coetus of 
New York, and also forwarded the said Coetus a copy of the Minutes of the Classis 
of Neder Veluwe of May 12, 1751, with an extract from the report of Rev. Peter 
Wynstok. To this last letter, we have, as yet, received no answer to the one of 
May 3, 1751. From this reply we have the honor to give .vou some necessary facts 
and explanations. In a letter of Oct. 18, 1751, notice was given us, in the name of 
Rev. Coetus of New York, of what had been done in reference to De Wind. He h.'id 
already, previous to the reception of our letter, been introduced into the ministry. 
The circumstances we prefer to communicate in the very words of the Coetus: 

De Wind having been cited, the weighty complaints in the letters from yourselves 
and Rev. Wynstok were read to him, and he was asked what he had to say in 
answer thereto. He thereupon brought forward the following answer, as the line 
of his intended defence: 



1752 



3238 Ecclesiastical Records 

That he intended to depart as soon as possible, from Hardewyli, where he had 
studied for a long time, to the West Indies. He wished, however, first to be exam- 
ined for licensure, not only as an evidence of his success in his studies, but to 
enable him to secure the privilege of employing his talents for the good of others. 
He accordingly consulted his well-known friend Rev. Wynstok, acquainting him 
with his desires. The latter told him that Classis would not meet for some time 
yet; that much expense would be incurred in calling an extra meeting, which it was 
necessary for him to incur, for he could help him in another way. He was willing 
to help him to a certificate himself; that he (De Wind) asked him whether he could 
do that, and was answered, Yes. Thereupon Rev. Wynstok questioned him upon 
1 Pet. 2:25 — "For we were as sheep going astray, but are now returned unto the 
.Shepherd and Bishop of our souls" — and upon certain theological points. De Wind, 
iiowever, frankly confessed, that he had neither preached before Rev. Wynstok, nor 
been examined by him in the languages; neither had he preached before nor been 
examined by the Classis. Thereupon Rev. Wynstok procured him the aecompanving 
certificates of licensure, (being the original) signed by the stated Clerk of tlie last 
preceding Classis of Neder Veluwe, Rev. Mr. Meedenback, and for which he gave 
him six ducats. He, moreover, received this warning therewith, that he, (De Wind), 
(as Wynstok told him) must accept no call, nor l)eeome a minister in, nor ever show 
his certificate in Holland, neither preach in Holland; but he might do those things 
in the West Indies. Thereupon the Assembly (the Coetus) put several questions to 
him, and these among othei's: Why had he wilfully and knowingly deceived the 
Rev. Classis and ourselves with his false certificate. He replied that he did not 
know it was false. Upon being asked whether he did not know that he had not 
been before a Classis at all, nor been examined in the languages by Wynstok, nor 
preached before him; (having acknowledged the latter fact:) and if he had not read 
these false statements in that certificate? he answered, that he did not know the 
certificate was false.— Again he was asked, whether he had no suspicion of evil, 
inasmuch as he had to promise Rev. Wynstok that he would not show said certifi- 
cate in Holland, nor preach, nor become a minister there? He answered: No.— 
Upon being asked further, why he had deceived Rev. Wynstok, having once prom- 
ised him never to become a minister, he answered. Such had been his intention, but 
his zeal increased very greatly, as he had occasionally preached. 

The Coetus having heard all this, resolved to suspend Peter De Wind from the use 
and administration of the Holy Sacraments, and informed him of such resolution. 

We have also received two letters from Peter De Wind, one of Aug. 20th, and the 
other of Nov. 10th, 1751, in which he gives his account of the way in which he 
received his Cassical certificates. This account agrees with that which he stated to 
the Coetus, but is more elaborated. Among other things, in a Postscript, lie asserts: 
"('oncerning my certificate, obtained from Rev. Wynstok, and signed by the name 
of Rev. Meedenbach: I cannot aflirm whether that is Rev. Meedenbach's own 
signature or not, so that I cannot tell how I should accuse him." In the letter 
itself, he says, that he at first hesitated to name the person who had given him 
the certificate, because the letter which he had received from Amsterdam, from 
Rev. Wynstok, (wherein that gentleman made him understand that he must not 
mention him in connection with this matter,) he had either torn up or lost; but by 
thi« letter he might have been able to prove that Rev. Wynstok had furnished him 
with this letter. He furthermore declares that it would be a great grief to him to 
be cut off from his congregation, and beseeches us to look upon him who has been 
deceived by Rev. Wynstok with a fatherly eye, and not depose him from the 
ministi'y. 

We have also received a letter from the Consistory of Bergen, dated Nov. 9, 1751, 
wherein they declare themselves in great difiiculty and distress over the censure 
which Coetus has inflicted on said De Wind, and request that although he may not 
have been examined for licensure, yet that we will be pleased to be satisfied with 
ordination examination, that as the one already installed over them he may remain 
as their pastor, inasmuch as his conduct among them had been exemplary and 
edifying. 

We have, worthy Sirs and Brethren, accepted this account and request of his, as 
a matter of Information, but prefer, for the present, not to take any further action 
in this important business. We deemed it necessary, however, to inform you of it 
all, with the addition of the enclosed copy of the original certificate of Classis, for- 
warded to us from New Netherland. We request and hope, ere long, to be honored 



OP THE State of New York. 3239 

with a reply from you concerning tliese matters. May the Lord ever preside among 

you in your Assemblies, in dealing with this case, as well as in all other affairs; 

may he grant that the churches committed to your supervision may be made a glory 

and praise on earth. May you find abundant opportunity here to rejoice in the fruit 

of your labors, and hereafter in the reward of faithful servants. With all esteem, 

we sign ourselves, 

Signed as above. 

Jacobus Tyken, Pres. 
Jacobus de Jonge, Scriba. 

Amsterdam, 

April 18, 1752. 

Acts of the Deputies and their CoKJREiSPONDEisrcE. 
The Classis of Amsterdam, to Mr. G. M. Weiss,* Pastor at Gosch- 
enhoppe, in the County uf Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. No. 
143. April 18, 1752. 

April 18, 1752. 

Worthy Sir, and Much-beloved Brother:— 

Your letters of Oct. 17th and Nov. 1st, 1751, came to hand in due time. If it were 
a matter of rejoicing to you and to the ministers in I'ennsylvania, to learn that our 
endeavors have been earnest in the interests of the Pennsylvania churches, we assure 
you that we are inclined to persevere in this coui-se, according to our ability, and 
that it gives us peculiar satisfaction to see that the Lord works with us for the 
good of the churches. 

It will always be agreeable to us to learn of your constant zeal in the work of the 
sacred ministry, and we will not neglect to assist you with our advice, as far as 
possible, when you ask for it, and circumstances permit. We would now gladly 
advise you concerning certain men, (if we had more information on the subject,) 
who allow themselves to be employed as Reformed ministers, without any regularity 
as to Church Order, and \vhich is all done even without our knowledge. For the 
present, we are obliged to say, that upon mere general rumor, we can advise nothing. 
We first need further light on the subject. 

The Lord support you in the work of his ministry, and furnish you with every 
needed grace, to make the work of your ministry glorious, and make you know that 
your work is not in vain in the Lord. Worthy Sir and Beloved Brother, Your Serv- 
ants and Fellow Brethren, The Classis of Amsterdam. In the Name of all, 

James Lyken, V. D. M. Amster. Depp, ad res exteras, praeses. 
Jacob de Jonge, Dep. ad res exteras, soriba. 
Amsterdam, April 18, 1752. 

The bearer. Rev. Schlatter, can give you more particular accounts concerning what 
has been done here in reference to the I'enusyhania churches. 

Rev. Petrus Wynstock to Rev. Jacob Teyken, President of the 

Deputies of the Classis of Amsterdam, (No date, 

but possibly April 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. 

Rev. Jacob Teyken, 

Very Reverend, Godly, Very Learned and Much Respected Brother: 

After writing Rev. Mr. de Jcnge of Harderwyk, on the 27th of June of this year, 
I think, I have the honor of sending this letter to your Rev. as president of the 
Deputies. Accompanying it are my lemarks, in brief, on the "Defence" and on the 
so-called "Classical Testimonial" of Pieter de Wint. I ask your Rev. to be so kind 
an to take them where they belong. My opinion is that the additional documents— 
that iinder letter A., an authentic copy of our classical article, and that under B.. an 

* Lived in New York state also at various times. 



1752 



1752 



3240 Ecclesiastical Records 

authentic extract from the album studiotorum of the University at Harderwyk, will 
answer our purpose, and give support to the action previously taken in regard to that 
wicked P. de Wiut, whose undertaking and conduct surpass all impudence and 
perversity. 

I kindly ask you to send me, when the opportunity presents itself, some report of 
the result of the action taken, so that I may make use of it in due time and at the 
proper place. God willing, I expect to be back in Hardewyk by the middle of 
August. My son wishes me to assure your Rev., and the other gentlemen of his 
regard. 

\^'ith affectionate greeting, and prayer for a blessing upon your Rev. and the 
Brethren, I sign with all respect, Very Rev. Sir and Brother, Your Very Revs. 
Obedient Servant and Brother, 

Petrus Wynstok. 

P. S. We request that our brother, G. Timmerman and wife receive our greeting 
and be assured of our health. 

N. B. In answer to this, a brief report of our classical action ought to be sent to 
Rev. Wynstok. 



Extracts relating to the De Windt case. April 25, 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. 

Extract from the Acts of the Classis of Neder-Veluwe, held at 
Hattem, April 25, 1752, and days following. 

Art. 47 ad 47. Syn. 31. Stricta Examina. 

There was presented and read a letter, addressed by the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam to this Rev. Assembly, sent and signed by the Rev. Jacobus Tyken, president, 
and Jacob de Jonge, scribe of the Deputies, Amsterdam, April 18, 1752; together with 
a copy of a so-called Latin Testimonium Classicale. The letter showed how care- 
fully the Coetus of New York had gone to work in the case of P. de Wint, as also 
what defence P. de Wint had made before that Coetus. 

Both the documents, when read, caused this Rev. Assembly the greatest surprise, 
convinced as it is of the notorians falseness of the so-called Testimonium Classicale. 
Moreover, to its extreme displeasure, this same Assembly understood P. de Wint's 
defence to have been a combination of untruths, also of scandalous and exceedingly 
punishable insinuations against one of our most prominent members. All this the 
Rev. Classis abominates, leaving the matter to the wise and careful treatment of the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, which it thanks for its amiable communication. 

The above named documents were put into the hands of Rev. P. Wynstok, who 
was requested and authorized, as registrar of the Classis, to send a copy of this 
Article to the Rev. Deputies; and further, to write to the .same, as he may deem 
best, as being one most grievously injured by the defence which P. de Wint had 
made; and thus to put an end to this shameful and offensive act of P. de Wint. 

Concerning a previous resolution, providing for a notification in the book-mat- 
ter* (?) Rev. P. Wynstok communicated to this Assembly the considerations, pre- 
sented in a letter sent to his Rev. by Mr. J. Van der Vorm, in which this Rev. 
Assembly takes pleasure and acquiesces. Thus the matter will be kept out of the 
book-matter* (?) 

CoUata Concordat 
L. T, 

R. A. Ten Brak, Eccl. Hattemsis, 
Pros, of last Classis. in absence of the Scribe. 
A. A. 

* Possibly meaning a Record Book of ordinations. 



OF THE State op New York. 3241 

Certificate about Pieter De Wint. 
Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. 

Pieter de Wint, St. Thomas, lud. Occidentalis, entered his name as Sttidiosus 

Theologiae in the Album Studiosurum of the Gelderland Academy at Harderwyck on 

the 23rd of January, 1749. This I, the undersigned, as Rector Magniflcus, declare to 

have so found in the Album Studiosorum. 

Th. Scheltinga. 

January 27, 1752. 

(See Wyustock's letter of July 13, 1752.) 



Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam, 

Letters Read. 

1752, May 1st. Art. 4. The Committee on the churches in 
foreign lands, on the announcement of this article (lemma) 
report : 

1. That on April 10, 1752, they received a letter from Rev. 
G-erard Haggoort, signed Dec. 6, 1751, with a protest, directed 
against the Coetus, which was signed on Sept. 13, 1751. This 
protest was found to be as unintelligible as it was insolvent, just 
like his letter. This shall be acted on later, as a report from 
the Coetus on this matter is desired, which shall be waited for. 

2. In the matter of the call of John Aemilius Wernig (Wer- 
nich) to Stone Arabia: Classis requested the Committee to post- 
pone writing for the present to Revs. Ritzema and the Coetus, 
until Rev. Kesler, who at present has an opportunity to learn 
something about this affair, furnish some further light thereon. 
To this end all the papers bearing on this matter were given by the 
Committee to Rev. Kesler. The next Classis shall act on this 
business. 

3. It was resolved at the previous Classis to answer Rev. George 
Weiss in general terms. This was now done and the letter was 
read. 

4. The case of Rev. G. H. Mancius remains in statu. 

5. Concerning the case of P. de Wind: the Committee report 
that the letters have been sent to the Rev. Classis of Nether 
Veluwe; also to Revs. Wynstok and Medenbach, and answers to 
them are yet awaited. 



1753 



1752 



3242 Ecclesiastical Records 

6. There was also introduced by the Committee a letter from 
the Consistory of the New Paltz, of December 19, 1751. In 
regard to this more information is expected subsequently. 

1. Committee also had a letter from Revs. Ritzema and Albertus 
(Lambertus) de Ronde. It shall be awaited what Coetus will 
report thereon. l.\\ the meantime the Committee shall answer 
Revs. Ritzema and de Ronde in general terms. This answer on 
being read, was approved, xii. 285, 286. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
The Classis of Amsterdam to Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde, May 
1st 1752. Vol. 30, page 251, ]^o. 141. Referred to in Minutes 
of Classis, Vol. xxiv. 8. Reference, xxiv. 8. 

To Messrs. Ritzeniu Hud De Konde of New York: 

Worthy Sirs and Mxich-esteemed Brethren: — We were lioiiored during the month of 
April in the reception of your honored letters of Jan. 30th of the present year. (1752.) 
We learned therefrom with much satisfaction, that the Rev. Coetu.'^ of New Yorli, in 
view of onr proposition made in our eomrannicatiou of April 2, 1751, (March 2?) was 
willing earnestly to exert itself again, thoiigh for the last time, to effect a reconcili- 
ation and to settle the dispntes between the Revs. Arondeus and Van Sinderen, and 
their respective adherents: also that as the commttee appointed, you were not will- 
ing to decline the duty of going again to Long Island, to secure these ends. It 
greatly pained us, therefore, to learn that your endeavors to this end had proved 
fruitless. We will not fail to take these facts into our consideration of the matter, and 
in due time to express our decision; but for the present M'O cannot do this, as we 
deem it necessary first to see the Minutes of Rev. Coetus of Sept. 17th and Oct. 16th, 
1751, which we earnestly await. Meanwhile we trust that the God of Peace will 
move these parties at variance to mutual concord and reconciliation; that the 
extravagant distempers in those churches may come to an end, to the glory of his 
great Name, and to the edification of his church. At the same time we wish that 
the mercies of the Lord may rest upon ymt, forever. Worthy Sirs and Beloved 
Brethren, Your Servants and Fellow-brethren, The Classis of Amsterdam, In the 

name of all, 

James Tyken, V. D. M. Amst. Depp, ad res ext., Praeses. 

Jacob de Jonge, Depp, ad res ext., Scriba. 

Atusterdani, May 1, 17.52. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Pennsylvania. Rev. Michael Schlatter. 
1752, May 5th. Art. 6. It is rejwrted that Rev. Schlatter, 
with six preachers called to Pennsylvania, has already departed 
from here by ship. 

The next time Rev. John V. Steveren shall preside, ex ordine. 
xii. 286. 



OF THE State op New York. 3243 

1752 

Church of ^STew York. 
Occupying others' seats. 

New Y^ork, May 11, 1752. 

Announcement made from the pulpits of both churches, accord- 
ing to a R-esolution of Consistory of May 11, 1752. 

This Christian Assembly is hereby informed that inasmuch 
as various complaints have come to us from the owners of sittings 
and chairs in each of our churches, that these are taken and occu- 
pied by those who have no right to them, and this not by chance, 
but is constantly recurring, so that their owners who have bought 
and paid for the same for their o^\ti use, are often compelled, to 
their great inconvenience, to look out for another place: 

^Ve, therefore, in the kindest manner, request those who have 
no seats in either church, to repair to the Church Masters who can 
accommodate them, as there are still sittings to be bought in each 
of the churches. Thus each one may have his owtl seat, and good 
order will be preserved. 

It is also kindly requested that the chairs for the Magistrates 
be kept in proper honor, and not be occupied by children, except 
vrith proper discrimination. Thus all things may proceed in 
an orderly manner. Rut it shall not be taken amiss for any one 
to come forward after the text is announced, and occupying the 
unoccnpied sittings. 

Thus done in our meeting in the (Jonsistory Chamber in New 
^'ork, Hay 11, 1752. 

In the name of the Consistory, 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

St. George's Chapel. May 20, 1752. 

"That Wednesday the tirst day of July next be and is hereby appointed for open- 
ing St. George's Chappell of this City, and that notice be given thereof in Trinity 
Churt-h the two preceding Sundays, and ordered that the Rector, Collo. Robinson 
and Mr. Mayor, be a Committee to waite on his Excellency the Governour and 
inform him thereof some time before notice be given in the Church."— DIx's Hist. 
Trinity Church, pp. 259, 260. 

62 



3244 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

Correspondence from Amer.ica. 

Documents relating to Kings County. May 28, 1752. 

N^o. I. 

Extract of the action of the Rev. Coetus of Dutch ministers 
and ehiers, held at New York, April 14, 1752. 

Session 1 and 2. 

Having been asked, by those commissioned by the friends of 
Rev. Van Sinderen, as to what was to be done about the neglect 
or refusal to pay (his salary), on the part of the signers of Rev. 
Van Sinderen's call : for answer, they are referred to the action 
which the Rev. Assembly took on a previous occasion, a copy of 
which can be obtained. 

This must be that -^vliich is recorded in the Acts of the Special 
Coetus, opened Oct. 16, 1751 ; and that more definitely in the Acts 
of the second week's session IX Tuesday afternoon § 15, p. Ill 
of these sessions; where the following is recorded: "Since his 
Rev., the Rev. Van Sinderen, is to be recognized as the legal 
minister, according to his call, it follows that the claim made 
therein must be met without shortage. In all justice, therefore, 
the arrears ought to be paid. 
Session 3. 

Question : How is the Consistory of Rev. Arondeus to be con- 
sidered ? 

Answer: The minister being dissappointed, the consistory also 
expires. Consequently the church property must be restored to 
Rev. Van Sinderen and his Consistory. 

These documents desired by such as are interested in them, I, 
the undersigned, testify to agree, word for word, with the original. 

J. Ritzema, Scriba of the Coetus Etraordinary. 
New York, May 28, 1752. 



OF THE State of New York. 3245 

1752 

Acts of the Classib of Amsterdam. 

Letter from Rev. John Freilinghuisen. 

1752, June 5th. Art. 1. Again a letter has arrived from Rev. 
Willielmus [John ?] Frielinghuisen, preacher at Raritan. Thereon 
a report shall be made in Classi sequenti. xii. 287. 

Abraham Rosekrans. 

The Committee ad res Exteras make known that Rev. Abraham 
Roosekrans has shown to the consistory of Amsterdam that he 
was called as minister to Burnetsfield, [German Flats, Herkimer 
Co.,] in ISTorth America, in 'New York, and was properly qualified 
by the consistory of Heidelberg, (Consistorium, the same as one 
of our Classes) ; that he had no time left to show himself to the 
Classis; that the consistory of Amsterdam had given him a dona- 
tion, and urged him to join himself to the Coetus. The Assembly 
was satisfied with this report, and information thereof shall also 
be sent to the Coetus of New York. xii. 287. 

Churches in Foreign Lands. 

1. Of this no further news has come in, and it remains thus in 
statu. (See 1752, May 1.) 

2. Rev. Kessler made report thereon. This affair is further 
recommended to Committee, to bring in a pre-advice in Classi 
sequenti. 

3. Remains in statu. 

5—7. Revs. AVynstok and Medenbach have already replied tx) 
our letters. This reply was read at this session. The resolution 
of the Classis of ISTether Veluwe is still awaited, when this case 
shall be acted on further. 

8. Remains yet in statu. 

9. Remains yet in statu. 

10. The Committee reported that Rev. Bril has replied to the 
letter of Classis and that he has again been written to. These 
letters were read to the Assembly, and the matter recommended to 
the Committee, xii. 286, 287. 



3246 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

GOBEESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Pieter de Windt to the Classis of Amstordam, June 13, 1752. 

Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. Also, Vol. xxiii, 256. 

Ref. xxiv. 13, 

Addressed: To the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam at Amsterdam. 

Bergen, June 13, 1752. 
Very Rev. Sirs:— 

I hope this may find you all in health, of which I shall always he glad to be 
informed. To my sorrow, I have learned that Petrus Wynstok's accusation against 
me has been sustained b,y the sentence of your Reverences. Rev. Sirs, this has 
always been my comfort, and still is, that I can hold fast to that confidence which 
David expresses in the 118th psalm, vs. 6-9; and I have no doubt that the Lord will 
be with me, and that I shall yet be enabled to say what David utters in that same 
psalm, vs. 10-21. 

It seems to me. Rev. Sirs, that no severe sentence could be passed on one who is 
actually guilty than has been pronounced against me; yea, against me who was 
innocently misled by Rev. Wynstok. as these papers of mine will show. Am I not 
then the aggrieved part.v, Rev. Sirs? You will now be convinced that I was misled 
by Wynstok. Therefore I ask your Revs, most respectfully to take this matter of 
mine to heart, and to consider who is the real cause of all this trouble. If possible, 
then, Rev. Sirs, set nie on my feet again. I am willing to present myself again to 
the Rev. Coetus here, for preparatory examination, and then for final examination, 
that is in case your Reverences pronounce my former examinations to be illegal. 
I liave confidence in the faithfulness and piety of .your Rever«n«es for a closer 
examination of my case. 

Herewith I send to your Reverences a true and very exact copy of an original 
letter which I received from Mr. W.vnstok when I was last in Amsterdam. I send 
also an original letter of his; and as surely as this is the original handwriting of 
Wynstok, so surely is also the other, a copy of which was taken in the presence of 
witnesses. Our magistrate and two other witnesses, having had both the original 
letters together, testify, as they do with solemn aflJrmation, that the handwriting in 
each is one and the same. This, your Reverences can yourselves see, for the fuller 
confirmation from the original sent herewith, and thus also of the copied letter. 
I send also my certificate of membership; it is the same which I presented to you on 
the day of my examination. I was received here by Rev. (G.) du Bois as much as 
thirteen years ago. I ask you. Rev. Sirs, to be so good as to write to the Coetus 
about this affair of mine, as soon as an opportunity in any way presents Itself. 
Your Reverences will have suflicient opportunity by way of London. I am still liv- 
ing in the midst of ray congregations. For, on receiving the sentence which you 
sent me, when I made preparations to go away, I was requested to remain until I 
received answer to tliese communications. I do not, however, ascend the pulpit. 

For the present I close, wishing every blessing upon your Revs.' persons and min- 
istry. I remain respectfiill.v, Very Rev. Sirs, Your Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 

N. B. The Copy of Wynstock's original letter, which I now send over, is (a copy) 
of the same letter of which I made mention in my former communication to .you, 
and about which it gives your Revs, fuller information. It is to be noted that the 
statement made in tlie presence of witnesses was drawn up by Pieter Muzelius, 
Justus. Now, the word Justus is really a Latin word, but is used by the English in 
the sense of magistrate, as your Revs, will see from his own signature. They are 
no common people, therefore, who simply appointed themselves; but men under oatli 
and appointed to office by his royal Majesty himself. 

Rev. Sirs, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 

P. S. The original letter of Wynstok, herewith sent, is confirmed also by a few 
lines from the magistrate, as you can see. 
No. 158. 
Received from the hands of Coll. Van Schelluyne, Aug. 11, 1752. 



OF THE State of New York. 3247 



1752, June 11. Affidavits to prove the geimineship of Wynstock's 
letter to De Windt, dated Dec. 8, 1750. 

We the undersigned, having been summoned by Mr. Peter de Wint to appear 
before Mr. Peter Marselius, a Justice in the dominion of Jersey, in New Netherland, 
we did so appear before the said Justice Peter Marselius on June 11, 1752. Two 
letters were shown us there, by Mr. Peter de Wint, of which, the above is a true 
and precise copy of one of them, even as we will ever testify. Also, Mr. Peter de 
Wint took oath, before us, and testified, that in both these communications, that it 
is Mr. Peter Wynstok's own handwriting. And we further testify to the verity of 
the fact that the one original letter, which was sent over, is in one and the same 
handwriting as the other original one, whereof the above is a copy. This is to 
show, therefore, that this original one which is now sent, is of the same handwriting 
as the other. Thus is it confirmed by our Magistrate here. 

All this, we, the undersigned, testify, and thus can it always be confirmed by us. 
Done on July 11, 1752, at Bergen. N. B. Instead of July 11, must be read, June 11. 

Witnesses, Zachary Sickels, 
and 
Abraham Sickels. 
I, the undersigned, Peter Marselius, Justice, in the dominion of Jersey, acknowl- 
edge and declare hereby, that I took oath of Mr. Peter de Wint, before these two 
above named witnesses, and that he declared that the original, whereof the above, 
on the other side, is a copy, is a letter from Mr. Peter Wynstok, and is in his own 
handwriting; and that the one original is surely in the same handwriting as the 
other. (!) 

Confirmed by me, 

Peter Marselius, Magistrate. 



Correspondence from America. 

The Commissioners of the United Churches of Kings County, 
Long Island, to the Classis of Amsterdam. June 15, (O. S.) 
1752. (Adherents of Arondeus.) 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii : 270. 

Two copies at Amsterdam. 

Addressed: To the Very Reverend, the Hon. Classis of Amsterdam: 
Rev. Sirs, Fathers and Brethren:— 

The condition we are in at present urges, yea, compels us to come once more to 
your Reverences with a statement in regard to our affairs, with the hope of obtain- 
ing your Revs.' help. If, in our former communication, we did not conduct ourselves 
as we ought, and so deserved the rebuke which your Revs, administered, we humbly 
ask for pardon. And we now promise that, if it should ever again happen, and we 
hope it may not, that we should have to write you privately, we will conduct our- 
selves more carefully and with, greater Christian prudence. And herewith, this time, 
we will give you a convincing proof of our disposition, by submitting to your judge- 
ment the whole matter which has brought us into the condition in which we find 
oui'selves. 

If, Rev. Sirs, we were to bring up all we have to say about the treatment we have 
received, we would be obliged to write an entire book, and weary your Revs, with 
the abundance of material, which is alread.v too abundant. But permit us. Rev. 
Sirs, to say in general, that we requested, and obtained, copies of the letter of the 
respected Coetus, which contains the sentence passed on Rev. Arondeus, and which 
was sustained by your Revs.; also copies of the acts taken by the regular Coetus on 
this case, in September, 1751, as well as those taken at its special session, called by 
us in October, 1751; and finally, (we obtained copies) of the acts of the Committee 



1752 



1752 



3248 Ecclesiastical Records 

which met at Flatbush; and of the special Coetus, called by Van Sinderen's people 
iu April, 1752. 

All these, indeed, contain many things to show that we have [not?] been justly 
and righteously dealt with. We even apjieal to your Revs.' own impartial judge- 
ment, (if it will but please your Revs, to give careful attention), to answers made 
by Rev. Van Sinderen to our accusations against him, that they amount to nothing. 
Other things of the same sort, show clearly that our ruin was aimed at, and not 
our salvation— the thing which the Rev. Classis has so earnestly sought. Upon your 
advice, therefore, as also of that of certain friends in New York, we resorted to the 
Coetus, in the sure hope and expectation of there getting our breach healed. But it 
went with us, Rev. Sirs, as we had previously feared. We will not deny it, there 
was on the part of many of us a stubbornness that kept us from joining the Coetus 
sooner; but, on the part of others, there was also a reasonable fear. For some per- 
sons had behaved themselves like public enemies toward us; and we also thought 
that we had as good a right not to join the Coetus, as others had to do so. 

But to proceed, Rev. Sirs., We did go to the Coetus. We expected nothing else, 
(indeed, we were bound to expect nothing else, on the strength of your Revs.' letter, 
the extract of the resolution, and the remarks of other friends), than a favorable 
result. We, therefore, gave ourselves up to the Coetus in all things, for the purpose 
of becoming reconciled, and of getting Rev. Arondeus restored to us. Or, as your 
Revs, yourselves wrote to us, of having what was defective in his call, corrected, 
and what was unlawful in himself (in his acts?) legalized. But noM', instead of 
shaping their acts to that end, (we do not hesitate to say it, although otherwise 
speaking with respect of the Rev. Assembly and its nonpartisan members,) such 
steps were taken as tended to our embitterment rather than our improvement. Sen- 
tence was at once pronounced against Rev. Arondeus. Silence was imposed on him 
until the special session of the Coetus. Wc were thus required and compelled to 
remain destitute of public worship; or else, for the space of four weeks, to hear 
only Van Sinderen. Now we can as little bear to hear him with a pleasant frame of 
mind as they think they can hear Arondeus. However, advised by others, we bore 
it, and kept still. 

But the chief thing which we want to bring to your Revs.' notice is this. The 
special Coetus, as appeai'is from the documents themselves, after examining the 
grounds of difCerence, both on the side of Arondeus, and on that of Van Sinderen, 
arrived at the conclusion that certain members had been earnestly urged on by 
some, while being opposed by others It therefore came about that Van Sinderen's 
answers to the severe accusations against him, were so hastily dealt with, and so 
imperfectly recorded, as to bear the construction of conforming to the very proper 
instructions of your Revs. — among other things; "That not everything in this recon- 
ciliation must come from the side of Arondeus." The resolution, therefore, was to 
the effect that each of the two ministers should preach a public Confession Sermon, 
and that a new Consistory should be chosen by the Commissioners of the Coetus, 
only from members nominated by both parties. All this can be more fully seen from 
the minutes, which, we doubt not, the Coetus will forward to your Revs. In this 
Confession Sermon, Rev. Arondeus was required to confess as follows: 

1. That you promise your church never again to break off your connection v/ith it, 
or to leave it, iu the way you have done. 

2. That you publicly ask God in prayer graciously to be propitious to you, and to 
forgive you that great and fearful sin of invoking curses. 

3. That you ask forgiveness also for unlaw fully intruding yourself into the church 
and causing disturbance there. 

4. And, inasmuch as, more than once, you have shown yoursef indiscreet and 
violent, that you humbly ask tlie church to forgive you for this also, and promise 
to meet it in all love and kindliness. 

This is a confession, we believe, which, taken as a whole no Classis or Synod in 
Holland, not to speak of the kingdom of Great Biitain, would demand or require in 
such a case. It is true. Rev. Sirs, that the chief point in question, which is that of 
Rev. Arondeus's illegally intruding himself into the church — is based on the judge- 
ment which the Rev. Coetus communicated to the Rev. Classis, in its letter of Sept. 
14, 1750. We must say, however, that although the Rev. Coetus so understood the 
matter at the time, we can excuse it in some measure, because it lacked sufBcient 
insight in the matter from different points of view. But that it should still abide 



OF THE State of New York. 8249 

by that utterance, and still want its Commissioners, (ubo were to liear tiie Confes- 
sion) rigidly to insist upon it, we consider too severe. Yea, this is absolutely parti- 
san action. For, while on the one hand, it gives the appearance of a purpose to call 
Arondeus, on the otlier, and much more strongly, it indicates a refu.3al to do this. 
It thus strengthens the party of Van Sinderen in its obstinate, excessive feeling 
against Arondeus's being legally called. We are the more convinced of its depreci- 
ating our side of the case, from the fact that, in the minutes, not a iot or tittle is 
found of the reasons which we gave, for holding tliat Arondeus was not an intnider; 
and that, therefore, he ought not to be asked to confess himself guilty of intrusion. 
jN'or will be ever he able or willing to do this, unless different proof is given to the 
contrary. 

We tind it now absolutely nec-essary to place this before the attention of your 
Kevs. By the departure of Rev. Arondeus to Raritan, the church had no one there 
except Van Sinderen. It was, of necessity, mindful of its own preservation. The 
houses of worship were too small to keep the entire congregation together, espe- 
cially us the neighboring County was without a pastor, and, tlierefore, tlie nearest 
villages afforded no refuge. And — we may not deny it — Van Sinderen's conduct was 
not at all to our editication, as he in no way tried to gain our affection by his teach- 
ing and his life; yea, he had given us reason to become estranged from him, Viy 
being the cause of the departure of Arondeus. The consistory, therefore, resolved 
to call Arondeus back to us from Raritan. To that end it asked Van Sinderen to 
call a meeting of the consistory. This he repeatedly refused to do. Finally, as we 
were the consistory, we resolved to have a meeting anyhow. We did not think that 
we ought to complain about Van Sinderen to a neighboring con.sistory, or to the 
Coetus; we did not realize this at tlie time. But we did invite Arondeus to come 
back to us from Raritan: not, indeed, by a vote of a large majority, but by oni- 
sufficiently strong, because the consistory of Van Sinderen was unanimous. Tliis 
call he declined as often as ten or twelve times, excusing himself from accepting it. 
But at last his Rev. did accept it, and he came to us. 

Is Arondeus then. Rev. Fathers, one who intruded himself into the church? Or, 
did we not, as a lawful consistory representing tlie church, extend a call to him? 
Must he then make confession of that of whicli he is not guilty? We leave it ro 
your Revs.' judgement. Yet this (so-called intrusion) was deemed to be the principal 
thing, a thing which was not to be forgotten. And, possibly, because it was known 
that Arondeus neither would nor could make such confession, as in several decided 
utterances both before tlie Assembly, and outside of it, he had declared; possibly, 
that demand was thought to be the best way to get rid of him, as one who was not 
in all respects acceptable; and thus to oppress us, who with so much love and 
affection cleave to him, and stand by him. 

To this must be added yet a fresh proof of our being oppressed, and that, too, in 
direct opposition to your Revs.' straightforward aim. The Coetus, we must t^i.y, 
had very wisely and carefully ordered that an entirely new C'onsistory should be 
chosen from both parties. But what happens nov.? Take it in good part, Kev. 
Fathers, that we make this digression, for we cannot keep it to ourselves. It w.is 
resolved that, at the appointed time and place, there should appear before those 
who had been commissioned by the Coetus, eight men, or a number double tliat of 
the consistory of each church, selected from both parties; and that from these, the 
Commissioners should choose the new consistory. Now, the adherents of the Rev. 
Arondeus presented the men who were nominated; but the party of Van Sinderen 
did nothing in the matter. But all there is to show, is, that Arondeus gave no satis- 
faction to the Commissioners with his confession; and on that ground Arondeus and 
his people are rejected altogether by the last Coettis. Not the least attention is paid 
to them; while the out and out unlawful consistory of Van Sinderen is let alone, as 
though it were the lawful consistory of the church. And the purpose now is to com- 
pel us by the civil power to pay the salary of Van Sinderen as our minister, and to 
keej) him. without the least regard to the circumstances in which we are placed. 

Now is that the work we may well ask, Rev. Fathers, of leaders of the churches, 
whose duty it is to watch over the welfare of Zion? Every one about us abominates 
such heathenish treatment. Can there be the fear of God, a true calmness of mind, 
where one thus oppresses his fellow Christians? And especially, because during all 
this time, we have in all our dealings with the Rev. Coetus given not thi' least 
evidence of disorderlinoss or insubordination? 



1752 



1752 



3250 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

It is true, Rev. Sirs, we do not now submit to the latest decision, which is so 
unjust toward us. We cannot, nor ought M-e to cast ourselves away. If they want 
to compel us, by force, we shall have to defend ourselves according to right, until it 
shall please your Kevs. to give a decision. Wherefore, we hereby appeal' to your 
Hon. Assembly, to your High Church Authorit.v. For the sake of brevity we should 
like to close here, did we not fear that, by being too brief, we might leave the 
matter in the dark, at least to those who are unacquainted with the facts. We must 
therefore claim a little more of your Revs.' attention. 

Perhaps your Kevs. will be surprised to learn from the minutes of the special 
Coetus held on the 16th of October, 1751, that one hundred and fifty eight heads of 
families protested against the calling of Rev. Arondeus. Although this list was 
made in good faith, yet that it was proved false in Coetus, is kept out of the min- 
utes. It is found that a third part of this list is composed of those who do not pay 
(any salary). The whole of the congregation of Gravesand, (Gravesend) which has 
nothing to do with the matter, one way or the other, has thirty two names of per- 
sons who still pay salary though not enough to make out fifty pounds; while we 
raise more than one hundred pounds, and could do more. Perhaps, ypur Revs, will 
say also that, according to contract in the call, we are obliged to pay Van Sinderen. 
It is true, that would lie our duty, if he had conducted himself among us as our 
minister. So long as he did, we have done that, and more than that. But, as he 
released himself from us, we considered ourselves released from him. Prom the 
pulpit he publicly declared his desire to be released: "And I will go to my dear 
father, and he will say, welcome my son"! In full consistory, he also said, that we 
must look about for another minister. Hereupon we did release him. 

Oh, how many instances of irregularity we might bring forward, to which the 
Coetus pays no attention, and which some even consider as mere trifles. For 
example. Van Sinderen takes offence at the people who hold to Arondeus. He 
would rather have them stay away from church, than to come. In his family visit- 
ing he invited a former elder again to commune: he replied that he could not com- 
mune until the disturbances had been settled. Van Sinderen told him that he might 
come to the Lord's table any way, and be reconciled afterward; that he. wa.s master 
in the distribution of the bread and wine, and could give it to whom he would. 
This instance was substantiated by three elders; but the Coetus considers such 
things mere trifles. The manner in which Van Sinderen conducted himself, in the 
choice and appointment of, or in the setting aside of the consistory, is utterly sur- 
prising, unecclesiastical and unchristian. He now refuses to install a lawfully 
chosen consistory, because it would not promise not to hold its sessions with Rev. 
Arondeus: then again chooses a consistory of one elder and one deacon. And there 
are so many instances of that kind; but we dare not ask more of your Honors' 
patience. 

Only one word more; to tell how, in full Coetus, Rev. Arondeus, upon the exhor- 
tations of the Rev. president, once and again extended the hand of brotherhood 
to Rev. Van Sinderen, offering to forgive everything: but he was refused every 
time, to tell how the Coetus treated Rev. Arondeus, in delivering their sentence, 
under a threatening of penalty, forbidding him and his friends to speak a word. 
And there were many other grievances, which cannot be mentioned now. To set 
forth in clearest light the reasons why Rev. Arondeus did not make the improve- 
ment in his Confession, which was allowed him, would, Rev. Sirs, require still a 
great deal of writing. We content ourselves with simply mentioning them, and hold 
ourselves ready to lay them open more fully, if required to do so. These are but 
the chief instances and matters. We humbly present them to your Revs. We pray 
your Revs, to take our case in hand. We are fully prepared to accommodate our- 
selves to the just acts of your Revs: as, we think, we have already given actual 
evidence of our obedience to your Revs, paternal coun.sels. 

We sign ourselves, then, as those commissioned by the United Churches, in the 
name and by the authority of all, with much reverence and respect. Rev. Sirs, 
Fathers and Brethren, Your Most Dutiful Servants, 

Johannes Lott, Philippus Nagel 

Rutgert Van Brunt Rutgert Van Brunt, Jr. 

Daniel Bodet Daniel Durye. 

New York, June 15, O. S., 1752. 



OP THE State of New York. 3251 

COERESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Theodorus Frelinghuysen, of Albany, to the Classis of Amsterdam. 

June 25, 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Vol. xii. 309. 

Reference, xxiv. 9, 13. 

Addressed: To the Very Reverend Classis of Amsterdam. 

Albany, June 25, 1752. 
Very Reverend, Highly Honored Sirs: — 

My dutiful subordiuatiou to the very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam — which I recognize 
as my Church Authority— compels me to make known to you the state of the Church 
of Jesus Christ at Claverack; and humbly to ask that your Revs, would be pleased to 
give a decision on a certain point in dispute, which has arisen in that church, and 
by reason of which it is in danger of being, if it is not already, rent in twain. 

Not long after my arrival at Albany, I was requested by those of Claverack to give 
the church there my extra service. I'ursuant to that request, I ministered to it in 
preaching the Word of God, administering the Sacraments and installing members 
of consistory, elders and deacons. 

Then Mr. Eggo Toukeus Van Hoevenberg came over to those regions from Suri- 
uame; and, after having caused some confusion at New York, he ministered for 
about a year at Livingston Manor and Claverack. There to my joy, I thought that 
his Revs, would be called, having, at that time, uo doubt about his credentials. But, 
when Mr. Hoevenberg presented himself to the Coetus, that body asked him for his 
testimonials. He had none to show, and was refused. For which reason Mr. Liv- 
ingston also, was unwilling to proceed to call him. He kept him back until a dispute 
ai;ose, and Rev. Hoevenberg challenged that gentleman with the sword. 

He finally removed from Livingston Manor to Rhinebeck. A portion of Claverack 
still adhered to him, while another portion had misgivings about the legality of his 
ministry. On meeting Mr. Hoevenberg at Claverack, I asked him in the presence of 
the consistory to show me his credentials. Whereupon Rev. Hoevenberg denounced 
me in an extremely shocking manner, an account of which I deem unworthy to send 
to your Revs. Since that time the deacons and, I believe, the larger portion of the 
church have protested against his ministry at Claverack. The elders, with another 
portion, still retain his services. 

Last winter a letter was received at Claverack from three members of the Coetus 
stating, " That the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam is, for weighty reasons, utterly 
unwilling to have anything to do with Rev. Hoevenberg." As there is doubt at 
Claverack as to how this is to be understood, the request of the deacons and of the 
largpst portion of the church— and to which I humbly add my own name,— is, that 
the Very Rev. Classis would be pleased to declare whether it recognizes Mr. Hoeven- 
berg as a legal minister in these regions, or not. If the Classis does so recognize 
him, we promise to extend to him the hand of brotherhood; but, if it does not, we 
will have nothing to do M'ith him. 

Wishing Jehovah's blessing upon the Very Rev. As.sembly, I remain. Your Revs." 

Humble and Dutiful Servant, 

Theodorus Frielinghuy.sen. 

Received Sept. 25, 1752. No. 134. p Convert. 

Classis of Amsterdam, 

Acts of the Deputies. 

Extraordinary Session of Classis, July 3, 1752. 

(See Dec. 10, 1751). 

Report (Pre^advice) regarding the disputes between Kingston 

and New Paltz. 



1752 



3252 ECOLRSI.ARTICAT. RECORDS 

1752 

The Depiitati handed in a pre-advice in regard to the disputes 
between the Consistories of the New Paltz and Kingston, were 
of the opinion that there should be taken into consideration : — 

T. Whether the ISTew Paltz is dependent upon Kingston, or 
whether it is to be regarded as a church by itself. 

II. Whether such of the members of the ISTew Paltz which have 
hitherto adhered to John van Driessen. were lawfully censured 
or not; and whether those members which were received by John 
van Driessen, without any (further) recognition, should be recog- 
nized as members. 

III. Whether the Consistory of the New Paltz, must be con- 
sidered to have been appointed legally or illegally. 

IV. How the call of Rev. Vrooman is to be regarded. 

I. Regarding the first: Argument-s are adduced on both sides, 
which deserve to be taken into consideration ; but since the Con- 
sistory of Kingston consents to the Separation of the New Paltz, 
if it be done properly and in an ecclesiastical manner, the reasons 
pro and con may be disregarded, and the matter judged on its 
own merits : namely, that the Paltz, on account of its distance 
from Kingston, and the increase of its population, and also be- 
cause they are able, at their own charges, to maintain a minister, 
should be separated from Kingston, and be considered as a con- 
gregation by itself; provided friendly notice be given thereof, 
as has already been clone, to the (Coetus?). That body will not 
refuse it, and the Classis will abide thereby ; and this dispute 
need no longer be mentioned. This, (the danger of failure) is 
the less to be feared, if those of Kingston, as well as those of New 
Paltz, carry the case to the Rev. Coetus. To this those of Kings- 
ton will still have to be admonished. 

II. Regarding the second point : This will be the more easily 
removed out of the way, if on the one side, it be observed, that 
an obstinate adherence to John van Driessen, would surely expose 
to censure. For he intruded himself into the New Paltz to the 
injury of those of Kingston. Against him also, the Classis gave 
warning many years ago, as one who did not even belong to our 
church. His extravagant conduct up to the present time is known. 



OF THE State op New York. 3253 

All this was written to us, nomine Coeti, from New York, Octo- 
ber 14, 1750. If, however, on the other hand, it be considered 
that such difficulties have come to pass, not in order to embrace 
any errors or to give encouragem^ent to them, but only from the 
persuasion that the New Paltz ought to be regarded as a church 
by itself; and it may be supposed that, under such circumstances, 
people may act somewhat too hastily ; we would express the opinion, 
now that the separation is agreed on, that those (censured) mem- 
bers, belonging either to the New Paltz or to Kingston, may be 
looked upon as no longer under censure; and if any record of the 
saiQo has been made, to arrange that these matters be settled to 
the satisfaction of both parties : 

Provided, that those members shall declare, either before a com- 
mittee of Coetus, or each one before his own consistory, that they 
wish to continue to adhere to the uncorrupted Reformed Doctrine, 
as contained in the Heidelberg Catechism ; and the thirty-seven 
Articles of the Netherland Confession ; and to subject themselves 
to the Church Order ; without precisely requiring of them another 
confession of their faith. Thus an end could be made of all dis- 
satisfaction and dissension, both on account of the actions of Rev. 
Mancius and his Consistory of Kingston, and on account of the 
doings of Rev. Vas, Emeritus pastor there, as well as of those of 
Rev. (J. H.) Goetschius, in regard to which somethings might 
have been said. 

III. As regards the Consistory in the New Paltz : It is true 
that the Coetus could have postponed for some time yet, the ap- 
pointment of the Consistory there ; and the reasons for and against 
the separation, adduced on either side, could have been decided 
by more than one minister; and also that persons who adhered to 
John van Driessen should have been entirely left out. But taking 
for granted that the other two points have been settled, this also 
w411 readily follow suit, while the fact exists. New Paltz is sepa- 
rated from Kingston. 

IV. As to the fourth point, the instrument of call and the tes- 
timonials of Rev. Vroman : If found in good order, the Classis 
might approve the call, in the hope that thus the peace between 



1752 



1752 



3254 Ecclesiastical Records 

Kingston and New Paltz shall be effected. Even if these (of New 
Paltz ?) were of the opinion, that notice of all this should be given 
in letters to the Coetus, the Consistory of the New Paltz as well 
as that of Kingston should be exhorted with friendly and earnest 
admonitions, that both should conduct themselves in accordance 
therewith ; that those of Kingston should also refer themselves to 
Goetus ; and each fraternally overlook, in the other, what has 
ever given any displeasure on either side. 

This pre-advice was changed into a resolution of Classis on 
July 3, 1752. xxiv. 9-11. 

, Pre-advice about J. A. Wernich. 

Deputati ad res Exteras, together with Rev. Kessler, handed 
in a pre-advice regarding Eev. John Aemilius Wernich, who is 
acting as minister at Stone Arabia, vide Acta, April 10, 1752. 

I. We remark: 

1 . That the certificate of Professor Bruiningh, only testifies that 
he laid the foundations for study. 

2. That the certificate of the Director and Vice Director of the 
Consistory of Heidelberg, of Sept. 22, 1744, is only a permission 
to exercise himself in preaching and the holding of prayer- 
meetings. This, the students in the Paltz must request and carry 
on for at least a year, before they can be accepted as candidates, 
(Proponents). 

3. That the Certificate of Appenge (or Offenge) of March 3, 
1749, only states that he preached as Vicar and that he acquitted 
himself well in that position. Such things are done occasionally 
in the Palatinate by those who are, as yet, not proponents. 

4. The certificate from thirty-two persons who call themselves 
The consistory of Stone Arabia, testifies only that they take pleas- 
ure in his services. 

5. Whence then, this follows: That Wernich produces no proof 
of his lawful appointment as Proponent, much less as minister. 

II. On these grounds, we are of opinion that the aforesaid 
Wernich 



OF THE State of New York. 3255 

1. Cannot be reco^iized as a minister, except along the nsnal 
ecclesiastical modes, by undergoing a preparatory and final exam- 
ination. 

2. That the Classis cannot allow that this examination be con- 
ducted by the Coetus, although we have formerly sometimes per- 
mitted this. But we are too strictly bound by resolutions of Synod 
to permit this in the future proprm auctoritatp. We are the less 
able also, because complaints have sometimes come to us about 
such permissions. It is, therefore, best that Wernich present 
himself before Classis to be properly examined and qualified, 
provided he can hand over, for that purpose, a proper call and 
certificate. 

3. That the Committee feel themselves compelled to such pre-, 
advice, especially because it is kno\\ni from the report of two 
ministers of the Palatinate, that Wernich, (of whose conduct they 
speak favorably), was, indeed, accepted as a licentiate; but, also, 
that when he had presented himself for the preparatory examina- 
tion, he was put back; while the case of P. de Windt compels us 
to be careful. 

This Pre-advice also was changed into a Resolution of Classis; 
and at the same time it was resolved to hold ad notam, how to 
act subsequently in regard to children who may have been bap- 
tized by the aforesaid Wernich. xxiv. 11. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Revs. John Frielinghuysen, Ferdinand Frielinghuysen, and 
Barend Vroman. 

1752, July 3rd. Revs. Jacobus (James) Frielinghuysen, Fer- 
dinand Frielinghuysen and Barend Vroman, S. S. Min. Candid, 
having been called as ministers, the first to Marbletown, Rochester 
[Ulster County] and Wawarsing; the second to Kinderhook; and 
the third to (ISTew) Paltz, Shawangunk and Wallkil all in JSTorth 
America, in the province of N^ew York, request to be examined, 
finally, and ordained at the next Classis. To this end they handed 
in Classical certificates of tbeir preparatory examination, and the 



1752 



3256 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

original calls from the aforesaid churches. These papers having 
been found in order, their calls were approved, and their request 
(for final examination) granted. But in regard to the Paltz the 
approval (of the call) is only given on the supposition that the 
signers of the call are lawfully qualified. There was assigned 
to Ferdinand Frielinghuysen as a trial text, 1 Peter 2 :7, " Unto 
you therefore that belie^^e, Tie is precious " ; for his examination 
in Hebrew, Ps. 2, and in Greek, Eph. 2. To Jacob (James) 
Frielinghuysen, as a trial text, Col. 3 :3, " For ye are dead, and 
your life is hid with Christ in God " ; in Hebrew, Ps. 1, and in 
Greek, Rom. 3. To Barend Vrooman, as a trial text, Song of 
Solomon 1 :14, " My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire 
(Dutch- of cypress) in the vineyardisof En-gedi" ; in Hebrew, Ps. 1, 
and in Greek, Matt. 5. xii. 288-9. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Kingstown and Paltz. 

1752, July 3rd. Art. 4. The Depp, ad res Exteras read cer- 
tain papers touching the disputes between the above named 
churches, and therewith the draft of a letter intended to pacify 
the same. This was approved, and they shall be written to in 
accordance therewith. The said letter is to be found in the Acta 
of Depp. xii. 289. 

Foreign Affairs. 
Art. 6. ad Art. 1, Classis precedentis: 

jSTo. 1 . No word has yet arrived from the Coetus. 

ISTo. 2. As to Rev. Wernich : the Rev. Depp, have brought in a 
pre-advice, which was approved, and shall be sent to the Coetus. 

No. 4. See Art. 4 above. 

No. 5. The resolution of the Classis of Nether Veluwe regard- 
ing Peter de Wind is expected every day. 

No. 8. See also Art. 8 above. 

No. 9. Reply is awaited from the Coetus. 

No. 10. No reply has yet come from Rev. Bril. 

No. 11. As to Suriname: the business remains active, xii. 286. 



OF THE State op New York. 3257 

Letter from Rev. John Frielingiiuysen. 
1Y52, July 3rd. Art. 7. ad Art. 1. An extract therefrom was 
read and at the same time a reply thereto. This having been 
approved shall be thus sent off. xii. 289. 

Acts of the Classis of x'^lMsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Frelinghuysen, July 3, 

1752. Vol. 30, page 268, No. 145. 

To Rev. Johu Freliiigliiiysen, jiiistoi- in Peunsylvuiiia, [New .TersfyVI. 

Worthy Sir and Brother:— 

We were honored on May 19th with some lines from you, written in March, 1752, 
containing an account of matters which occurred in Coetus, and in the Committee 
on liOng Island affairs, besides some additional documents. We observe therefrom 
your willingness to consult us on important affairs, for which we thank you. It 
will be agreeable to us to have you continue in correspondence with us. We were 
glad that you were willing to trouble yourselves to journey to Long Island to 
co-operate with the other members of the committee appointed by the Coetus, in 
seeking to settle the long-standing dispute between Revs. Arondeus and Van Sin- 
dercn, and their respective adherents. It grieved us to learn that these well-meant 
efforts of yourself and colleagues proved fruitless. We earnestly hope to hear of 
the end of those disputes; that peace has been restored, to the glory of God's great 
name and the edification of the church, which is in danger, by such discords, of 
being scattered to the winds. 

Although we would only too gladly co-operate to the accomplishment of this end, 
we can only sit still and await the report of the Coetus on this and other matters 
mentioned by you, before we can give our opinion. Your letter shows that you also 
expect and approve of this course. Be assured. Brother, that we are taking care not 
to allow ourselves to be influenced by any prejudice. We will endeavor to consider 
the reports of the Coetus as well as those of private members with the utmost 
impartiality, and give all possible attention to promote the welfare of God's Church 
by a prudent decision, agreeable with the Word of God. We will not fail to give 
proper heed to your statements in particular, so far as possible. Nevertheless this 
latter thing becomes very difficult to us, for a large part of your letter, because of 
the very small and illegible writing, makes us often doubt whether we really catch 
your exact meaning. 

We were pleased to learn of vour zeal for the welfare of God's Church. May you 
continue therein. May the thoughtfulness and prudence of the righteous ever guard 
you. Thus may your zeal tend to this desirable end. All know how necessary pru- 
dence is, when dealing with matters of dispute, in order not to spoil a good begin- 
ning. To this end, we maintain that looking up unto God with earnest desire, is the 
best means of success. We observe with satisfaction that such a spirit has often 
comforted vou, and given you cause for subseo.uent gratitude. 

And now, wortbv Sir and Brother, may he whose name is Counselor ever stand 
at your right hand, and make you steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the 
work of the Lord. May vou experience, to your joy, that your work is not ^ J^m 
in the Lord. May he surround you as well as all who are dear to you. with his 
mercy forever. Signed as above. 

Amsterdam, 

July 3, 1752. 



1752 



3258 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

The Classis of I^eder Veluwe (pek Peter Wynstock:) to the 

Classis of x\msteedam, July V6, 1752. 

Portfolio " jSTew York ", Vol. ii. Extracts, Vol. xxiii, 249. 

Very Keverend, Very Learned Sirs, aisd Much Respected Brethren iu Christ, con- 
stituting tlie Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, and its gentlemen, the Deputies. 

The Rev. Classis of Neder-Veluwe, recently iu session at Hattem, duly received 
your communication from Am.sterdam, signed, April ISth, 1752, by the Rev. Deputies, 
Jac. Teyken, as president of the Deputies, and Juc. de Jouge, as scribe of the Depu- 
ties. With due attention it read the same, as also the copy of a so-called testimonial 
of Classis, which it was said, was given to Peter de Wint. 

As its Registrar, that Assembly has instructed nie to send to your Reverences, a 
copy of the Article of Classis, touching the matter of P. de Wint. Week before last 
I informed the Rev. J. de Jonge that I had received that copy from Hattem: but 
that, being about to go to my sou, on the West Meuse, I would sent it over from 
there, with such remarks on the accompanying said classical testimonial, and on the 
defence made by P. de Wint, before the Coetus of New York, and in writing before 
the Kev. Classis of Amsterdam, as I might find necessary; inasmuch as, in my per- 
son and otEce, I have been, most of all, inexcusably injured. 

I hereby acquit myself, therefore, by sending ovtr the said Articles of Classis, 
which your Revs, will tind under Letter A, and which will conflrni what I liave 
above stated. To that I refer, as also, to what was written to me more fully, iu 
October of the preceding year, 1751. 

1 shall not, very Reverend Sirs, go into the matter of exposing new facts developed 
by P. de Wint's action, and which accidentally came to my knowledge a short time 
ago. It will be enough to confine myself to what is now occup.ying our minds, 
namely: whether judging from what was written and sent over by the Rev. Coetus 
of New York, and what came from the pen of P. de Wint himself, whether P. de 
Wint made out a good defence: and whether Pieter de Wint could have procured a 
testimonial, such as he presented, in the way he has been pretending, and still, 
against all truth and honor, continues to pretend. But, I will not enlarge on this 
either, but merely make a few brief remarks on that noted classical testimonial, a 
copy of which was sent us, and on his defence. 

To that end I shall quote briefly the words of the copy sent, which your Revs, will 
please to compare with the same. Did I know how to find Pieter de Wint in this 
country, or should it happen that after my death, my children could find him, he 
would not be left free to go, without having his statements, which he made before 
the Rev. Coetus, and his communication to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, abund- 
antly proved in court; or else suffer the penalties which, by the laws of the land, 
are fixed for such base frauds as P. de Wint has perpetrated, and still continues to 
perpetrate, while at the same time defaming my character. Let no one suspect me 
or my children of a feeling of bitter revenge; since we know too well who it is to 
whom vengence belongs, and who, when the measure of wickedness is full, will 
rightly execute it in his own time. 

I shall make a beginning, then, with the so-called Testimonium Classicaie. That, 
as it lies there, as several members of the Rev. ministry of the city of Amsterdam 
know well enough, is entirely different from the form, and language iu u.«e by the 
Rev. Classis of Neder Veluwe, in giving testimonials of admission. I doubt not but 
that, when carefully looked into, it will show clearly enough, that no one of us 
could have composed it, but rather an Uplander, or German; for the form, the lan- 
guage, and the very manner of expression which occur in it, will prove Ihis. 

I would do nothing more with that testimonial, did not Pieter de Wint, lin order 
to clear Rev- A. V. Medenbach, who is said to have signed it as scribe of the Classis), 
intimate that Rev. Wynstok was the author of it, and distinctly declare him to be a 
deceiver. 

According to the letter of the pretended testimonial, we find P. de Wint described 
as a "VIr juvenis praestantissimus et doctissimus"— plainly, a notorious falsehood; 
for that description is very much at variance with his character as known to Rev. 
Wynstock for many years; and by hirn already made known to your Revs, last year. 



OF THE State op New York. 3259 

Moreover, when he is further described, as a "Filius hand degener Jan Jensen de 
Wint," I am well convinced, (though I never knew his late father, either personally 
or by his first name,) it must be untrue; for it is possible to prove that that testi- 
monial would bear his true signature, if the word, "hand" were taken out of it; 
and that, the Rev. Wynkoop knew for years, uti supra. It was never the fashion to 
describe a candidate like that in our classical testimonials, since the father is a 
private person. 

Then follows, "post absoluium studium Academicum probationem suy a vobis 
moderatoribus Classis Harderowicensis petyt. One never wrote, N. B. Harderowi, 
but Harderovi Censis. But to the point: who were those Modera tores? As these are 
thus mentioned, was it not necessary for them all to have signed their names? Then 
there is, of course, no Classis of Harderwyk, but a Neder Veluwe Classis. The date 
set for the examination, as the 4th of February is also false. According to the pre- 
tended testimonial, he preached from 1 Pet. 2:25; and, in his defence before the 
Coetus, he was examined thereon by Rev. \Vyostok; for the text of his defence reads 
thus: "Hei-eupon Rev. Wynstok examined him on 1 Pet. 2:25. "Oportet niendacem 
esse memorem. 

But to make an end of this; the passage quoted just before, began: "post absolu- 
tum studium Academicum etc." Observe, Rev. Sirs, what is to be thought of his 
Academic studies. Besides, in the pretended testimonial nothing is said of "Testi- 
monia Ecclesiastica et Academica"— which, with other things, might or could not 
well be omitted; and which P. de Wint never had or could have had. According to 
his pretension, P. de Wint is examtned on the 4th of February, 1749. The pretended 
testimonial is delivered and signed on the 14th of Februai-y, 1749. And the same 
P. de Wint is, according to the authentic extract from the Album Academicum, 
accompanying this under letter B, matriculated as theological student in the Album 
Academicum, not before the 23rd of January, 1749. 

This, then, a refined lie as it is, will also destroy P. de Wint's pretension in his 
defence before the Rev. Coetus of New York, which is the text sent us, begins with: 
"that, intending as soon as possible to leave Harderwyk, where, he says, he has 
studied for a time, etc." Rev. Wynstok, too, must have been a man wholly inex- 
perienced in church matters and without sense, if, as P. de Wint makes out, he had 
entered with him into (such a) conversation. Still more sensible it would have been 
for him to give de Wint, contrary to all Church Order and oflflcal duty, yea, against 
better knowledge, the promise of procuring for him a certificate from the Classis; 
and to accomplish that, as de Wint further pretends, against all truth and con- 
science. But, if that alleged conversation or transaction of Rev. Wynstok with 
P. de Wint is compared with the way in which the matters were conducted, and 
with the result, namely, the quasi examination and the giving of the testimonial, it 
reveals so clearly, that, no one can fail to see, the inconsistencies which can come 
only from one who, at the expense of truth and the good nam© and honor of his 
neighbor, tries to palliate and cover up his own shameful and punishable conduct. 

Pieter de Wint pretends, "to have been examined by Rev. Wynstok on 1 Pet. 2:25, 
and on some other theological points;" but he openly confesses, "that he had neither 
preached nor been examined in the languages, either by Rev. Wynstok or by the 
Classis." Is it possible to conceive greater ignorance in Church matters, or more 
contradictions in a matter of that kind? For all those statements remarkably tend 
to convince every one who looks into them, of P. de Wint's lying spirit. How was 
that examination on 1 Pet. 2:25 carred on, seeing that the testimonial states, as 
above alleged, that he preached from that text? How about the theological points 
to the exclusion of the Sacred Languages? What points were they? How was Rev. 
Wynstok qualified; and how could he examine therein a person whom he knew 
intus et in lute, had never attended a theological college; or even remained long 
enough at Harderwyk to learn Hebrew by private instruction of the late Rev. Jac. 
Kalverslager. This is evident from his slyly trying to escape the examination in 
languages? How was it possible for him to pass over the examination in the Sacred 
Languages? And how could that examination take place without the Classis not 
only, but, as the event proved, without any foreknowledge or consent of that Classis, 
and contrary to its established order? When then, and in what form, was that 
so-called examination held? No matter for the discrepancy, de Wint says "that 
the accompanying original testimonial of candidacy, signed by Rev. Medenbach as 
regular scribe of the last meeting of Classis, was delivered to him by Rev. Wynstok." 

63 



1752 



1752 



3260 Ecclesiastical Records 

Every expression occurring here is an untruth, for it is notoriously false that Rev. 
A. D. Medenbach, who never made the acquaintance of P. de Wint, was the regular 
scribe of the Classis in 1749. However, in the said year, 1749, a "Classis contracta" 
was held at Harderwyli for the final examination of Rev. H. Ribbers, of which, 
according to classical usage, the Deputies of the three districts were moderators, 
and also examiners. So de Wint presumably called to mind the name of Rev. 
Medenbach that of a neighboring minister who often came to what was then 
his lodging place; and so also, without further thought, made use of the name 
Harderwyk Classis. 

If the man had been fit for examination, and if he had been legalized, (which was 
not the case,) he could for the usual fee of thirty guilders have been examined by 
that "Classis contracta"; and thus falls to the ground, as false, that pretended 
effort on the part of Rev. Wynstok to dissaude him from calling a meeting of Classis 
to avoid expense. This has been made out to be the unfortunate bottom of such a 
fatal occurrence. If we were in possession of the ecclesiastical and classical testi- 
monial, the original of which P. de Wint laid before the Rev. Coetus, but a copy of 
which only has come to your Kevs.' hands, we should be able to make the necessary 
observations on the hand-writing and the signature, for both the one and the other 
are clearly false. 

P. de Wint, in order to protect himself against all attack on account of such 
doings, does not hesitate to declare Rev. Wynstok to be the guilty man, and him- 
self Innocent; insinuating also, as he does, that Kev. Wynstok must be guilty of 
falsifying which is worthy of severe punishment, in a matter of such great moment, 
and of such far reaching consequences. For de Wint says "that he gave Rev. 
Wynstok six ducats for that testimonial." But where did that happen? Did he in 
person, or through someone else, pay that money to Rev. Wynstok? If through 
someone else— and it seems to point that way — then who is that man? Where' does 
he live? 

Now, in order to prevent people from not accepting these statements, for the 
reason that Rev. Wynstok could not keep himself from being exposed, one lie is 
piled up on top of the other. For, to that end, is gotten up the condition which 
Rev. Wynstok is said to have made, "that P. de Wint must not accept a call, or 
become a minister, or even show his testimonial in Holland, nor preach there: but 
only in the West Indies." Here de Wint speaks first of becoming a minister, and 
then of preaching; and of Rev. Wynstok's giving him the liberty to do each of the 
things in the West Indies. Evidently, if one should be at all disposed to admit the 
truth of this statement, one must conclude that Rev. Wynstok— not to speak of a 
wicked perversity— was as ignorant in church matters at that time as P. de Wint 
who clearly shows that he neither had then, nor has now, any knowledge of such 
matters whatever. How could de Wint, in officiating as a candidate in the West 
Indies, expect to keep himself concealed from the Classis in the Fatherland? Or, 
how could he possibly gain his end in the West Indies without being commissioned 
from the Fatherland. In a close defence on questions put to P. de Wint by the Rev. 
Coetus, his reply to the inquiry, "Why he had willingly and knowingly deceived the 
Classis by presenting false Certificates", was the bare pretext of ignorance. He 
could not do otherwise. When it was insisted, "whether de Wint did not know, 
then, that he had not been examined by the Classis in full, or by Rev. Wynstok in 
the languages," he could get no farther with his reply than pretend the same ignor- 
ance which he pleaded in the case of the falseness of the testimonials. 

If that wretched man were in this country, it would not do to rest until he had 
been judicially obliged to name and show up the author, composer and writer, and 
also the signer of the testimonial — both the ecclesiastical and the classical. For a 
falsification, worthy of extreme punishment, has thus been committed, aggravated 
by the suspicion cast upon Rev. Wynstok. On being more closely pressed, de Wint 
will be obliged to say that he suspected no wrong, by reason of the promise which, 
as it were, he had to make to Rev. Wynstok. Evidently the one thing overthrows 
the other. Did deWint, then, deceive Rev. Wynstok? and is he asked, why he did 
that?— his answer would give the modest reason, the increase of his zeal for preach- 
ing—that preaching which he himself assumed without having been legally qualified, 
or at all admitted thereto. Inconceivable impudence! We refrain at present from 
disclosing the true cause of P. de Wint's zeal in the ministry; not only because 
there is no doubt of its revealing itself, if it has not already become known. 



OF THE State of New York. 3261 

We hold, therefore, that the Coetus was fully in the right when, upon such a bad 
defence, it ordered a suspension of his services, as we have learned, it did. It is to 
be noticed that in his writing to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam on August 20 and 
Nov. 10, 1751 concerning the manner of his obtaining the testimonials, P de Wint did 
indeed advert to it, as the Coetus had done, but somewhat more fully. As we have 
not received the so-called fuller statements of P. de Wint, we make no remarks on 
it here, save that, as his entire tactics are openly false and abomniably deceitful, as 
they truly are, and will so remain, that fuller statement of P. de Wint can be noth- 
ing else than the fabrication of some more of his consummate lying, to use no severe 
language. 

At the latest stage mentioned, we see de Wint in his writing to the Rev. Classis 
exonerating Rev. Al. Van Medenbach of all accusations by saying, "As to the testi- 
monial which I have of Mr. Wynstok— that is signed by the name of Rev. Meden- 
bach"; but whether that is the hand-writing of Rev. Medenbach, he professes not to 
know. It must, therefore, follow that the blame rests on Rev. Wynstok. It is 
settled then — to speak plainly — that either Rev. Wynstok or P. de Wint is a refined 
rascal; or, as there is no other alternation, they must both be of that description, as 
having in collusion, willingly, knowingly and pusposely devised and carried out that 
evil piece of business. P. de Wint appears at last to mistrust himself and his case; 
for "at first he is said to have made objection, etc.; he seemed also to be able to 
name the person who brought him the testimonial from Rev. Wynstok." But why 
not give the name and the residence of the man who brought it? That was the way 
to end the matter, whereas de Wint now pretends that it was Rev. Wynstok's 
desire that he should not name the man. If now there is laid along side of that 
what Rev. Wynstok wrote in 1751, to inform your Revs, of how de Wint left Harder- 
wyk without letting anybody know about him, save once by mouth from Rotterdam, 
one can look this lie in the throat. 

That de Wint also sees this and therefore avoids rendering proof is evident from 
his next pretension, that he had torn up or lost the letter by which he thought he 
could prove that Rev. Wynstok had sent him the testimonial. That disparity is a 
little too great, and the ignorance with regard to it is inexcusable. His imprudence 
in a matter of such consequence to him displays great slovenliness, especially as 
that windy master of lies presumed that Rev. Wynstok had died in consequence of 
his continued illness and feebleness at the time, and that, therefore. Rev. Meden- 
bach who, as per above, was so cautiously spared, might deny the whole transac- 
tion, declare it a lie and false, and persist in doing so until proved to the contrary 
by P. de Wint. At last P. de Wint takes refuse in a petition, and writes clearly 
that he has been deceived by Rev. Wynstok. In the end the matter had to come 
down to this. 

Rev. Wynstok declares this, as well as the foregoing, to be an atrocious calumny 
and injury, perpetrated against him by P. de Wint in a most serious affair, affect- 
ing his person and his office, before respectable ecclesiastical Assemblies at home 
and abroad; redress for which is to be demanded, not only from ecclesiastical but 
also from civil authorities. As already mentioned, getting such redress would not 
be delayed if P. de Wint were in this country or there were some effectual way 
open for it elsewhere. When all this is well considered, it will abundantly justify 
the conclusion that that notorious P. de Wint is a godless and impudent deceiver, 
liar and slanderer. The foregoing. Very Rev. Sirs, will suffice to throw light on the 
statements made by P. de Wint. May God have mercy on him unto his repentance 
and healing! 

Having hereby at this time obeyed the instruction of the Rev. Classis of Neder 
Veluwe, so far as I consider myself conversant with the circumstances, I leave this 
matter — which possibly never had its like and never will have — to your Revs.' 
providential action. 

In name and by authority of the Classis of Neder Veluwe, the Rev. Sirs and 
Brethren have the prayers for all divine illumination, grace and blessing upon their 
assemblies, weighty administrations, honored persons and families, particularly of 
the writer also who with all affection and reverence is and remains. 

Very Reverend, Godly and Learned Sirs and Brethren, Your Very Reverences' 
Obedient Servant and Fellow Brother, 

Petrus Wynstok, Eccles. 

Harderwic. Class. Infer. Velaviae Actuarius. 
West Mass, 

July 13, 1752. 



1752 



3262 Ecclesiastical Records 



1753 



St. George^s Chapel, July 13, 1752. 

"Last Wednesday (being the Day appointed) was opened St. George's Chapel, 
upon which Occasion, the Rector, Assistant, Church Wardens, and Vestry, of Trinity 
Church assembled in the Vestry-Room, in the Charity School-House, where they 
were met by some of the Town and neighbouring Clergy, and other Gentlemen of 
Distinction, from whence they set out in regular Form and Order, attended by the 
Charity Scholars, 40 Boys and 12 Girls, who walked before in Pairs, with their 
School Master at the Head of them; and at the City Hall, were joined by the 
Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, and Common Council. After which, they all proceeded 
to the Chapel, where Divine Service was performed, with the utmost Decency and 
Propriety. The whole Ceremony concluded with an excellent Sermon, preached by 
the Kev. Mr. Henry Barclay, Rector of Trinity Church, suitable to the Occasion 
from these Words, Lev. xxvi, 2,— Reverence my Sanctuary: I am the Lord."— Dix's 
Hist. Trinity Church, pp. 260-1. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters to Cliurclies in Foreign Lands, 'New York, Bergen, 

Kingston. 

1752, July 17tli. Art. 2. A letter was read to be sent to the 
Coetus of ISTew York, to seek to pacify tlie differences there. This 
was approved. Also a letter to Bergen in (and) Staten Island, 
and another to Kingston as well as to the Consistory at l^ew Palts. 
These were approved, and shall be forwarded, xii. 290. 

P. de "Wind. 

Art, 5. Regarding the case of Peter de Wind: Report came in 
from the Classis of iSTether Veluwe, in which the resolution con- 
cerning his deposition was repeated. ISTotice thereof was therefore 
given to the Coetus of New York and the Consistory of Bergen 
in (and) Staten Island. The letter of Rev. Wynstok, minister at 
Harderwyk, shall be answered, xii. 290. 

Letters. 

Art. 6 ad Art. 6, preoed. Classis. 

1. The letter from Rev. Haaghoort. 

2. The letter from Ritzema and De Ronde. 

3. The case of BriL 

4. The case of Suriname. 

These all remain in statu, xii. 291. 



OP THE State of New York. 3263 

I'inal Examination. 

Art. 10. Eevs. Jacob (James) Frielingliuysen, Barend Vro- 
man, and Ferdinand Frielingliuysen, licentiates, (examinandi,) 
were first allowed to preach on the trial texts assignd to them. 
They were listened to with much satisfaction by the High Rev. 
Mr. Deputy and the Rev. Classis. They were subsequently exam- 
ined by Rev. Wena, minister at Weesp, in the two original tongues 
of the Bible, and in the principal articles of Sacred Theology. 
In these they gave very great satisfaction to the Rev. Assembly 
by their prompt and judicious answers, so that with the consent 
of all they were confirmed to the service of the Church in !N^orth 
America, in the province of l^ew York, whereto they are lawfully 
called. 

For the rest, the Rev. Examiner was thanked, and the exam- 
inees were wished God's most precious grace and blessing. They 
thereupon signed the Formulae of Concord, and at the same time 
promised tO' read the Forms of Baptism and the Supper without 
change. They also repudiated the condemned opinions of Rev. 
Bekker and Prof. Roel. Finally they were ordained and conse- 
crated to the ministry of the Sacred Gospel, by the Examiner, 
with the laying on of hands, xii. 292. 

Synodalia. 

Typographical Errors in Bibles, 

Psalm-books, and Liturgies. 

Art. 20. ad 20. The Classis has at present no new examples 
(of errors) but hopes to see the plan submitted, carried into effect; 
and that consideration may be given to the proposition of Utrecht, 
especially, because in the copy (of the Liturgy) of Anno 1611, 
which is in use in our Classis, the Formula is thus found. 

The remark made by us last year, (July 19, 1751), on the 
passage Job 40 : 1, is a mistake ; because there is another division 
of chapters in the Hebrew, xii. 295. 

Classical Assembly. 
Art. 36 ad 36. The Committee ad Synodum shall add this as a supplement regard- 
ing Peter de Wind. 



1752 



1752 



3264 Ecclesiastical T?ecokds 

By virtue of a written request of the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island, and 
upon ttie exhibiting of ecclesiastical and Classical certificates, the Classis examined 
him (Peter de Wind), finally, in B^bruary 1749, and ordained him for Bergen in (and) 
Staten Island. There subsequently arose certain injurious rumors about him after 
his departure to the Coetus of New York. These were conveyed thither, and he was 
notified that he must make his defense before that Coetus, in reference to the Rev. 
Classis of Nether Veluwe. It appeared from this defense, compared with the reso- 
lution of the Rev. Classis of Nether Veluwe, that the aforesaid Peter de Wind had 
made use of forged certificates. Therefore the Classis, detesting such wicked con- 
duct, deposed aforesaid Peter de Wint and declared him incapable of ever exercising 
any ecclesiastical functions. Notice of this was given to the Rev. Coetus of New 
York, and to the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island, urging them to deal with 

him as such a one (deserved). 

XII. 298. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
(The Frielingliuysens and Vroman.) 
[Statement to be sent to Synod?] 
Art. 46. There were examined finally, and ordained as minis- 
ters in the province of New York, in ]!!Torth America, on July 17, 
1752, three candidates from Utrecht, namely, Rev. Ferdinand 
Frielinghuysen, as minister for Kinderhook in the county of 
Albany;* Rev. Jacob (James) Frielinghuysen, as minister for 
Marbletown, Rochester and Wawarsing in the county of Ulster; 
Rev. Barend Vroman, as minister for ISTew Paltz, Shawangunk 
and Wallkil, in the county of Ulster, xii. 303. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Rev. Coetus, July 17, 1752. 

Vol. 30, page 260, No. 146. Ref. xxiv. 11. 

To the Rev. Coetus at New York. 

iWorthy Sirs and Brethren: — 

We have been honored with a letter signed by Rev. Leydt as 
President and Rev. Goetschius as Scribe, in the name of the 
Coetus of New York, of Oct. 18, 1751. This was sent to us under 
cover of a letter from Rev. Ritzema, dated Nov. 15, 1751. There 
were in addition the original Classical certificate of P. De Wind ; 
a copy of a letter of the same, previously written to Rev. Schel- 

*Albany county, N. Y. embraced all of the state north of Dutchess and Ulster counties, 
until 1772 Columbia county, in which Kinderhook is now situated, was erected m 1786. 



OF THE State of New York. 3265 

1752 
liiyne; a private letter from De Wind, and one from his congre- 
gation, signed by two elders of Bergen, dated ISTov. 9, 1751. 

We learn from yonr letters the line of defence adopted by De 
Wind, when cited before you, and that he was suspended by you 
from the use and administration of the sacraments. We hope that 
our letter of ISTov. 23rd, and the resolution of the Classis of ISTeder 
Veluwe of May 12, 1751, with the statement of Rev. Wynstok 
of Oct. 2nd, 1751, have come to your hands. These all tend to 
ihow that our suspicions in reference to the extravagantly deceitful 
©onduct of this man were not without foundation. We communi- 
eated the contents of your above mentioned letters, as soon as 
possible, to the Rev. Classis of jSTeder Veluwe, and requested a 
reply. This we are daily expecting, and will probably receive 
before this letter is despatched to you. We will inform you of 
it as soon as possible. 

Rev. Ritzema gives us an account of Rev. John Aemilius Wer- 
nich ; — how he has requested to be accepted as a member of Rev. 
Coetus, with his congregation at Stone Arabia, but that you would 
not acknowledge him as a lawful pastor there, or accept him as 
a member of your Assembly, without our knowledge. This led 
us to examine the certificates of Mr. Wernich, of which Rev. Rit- 
zema sent us copies. We found them to be of such a character, 
that we approve your resolution as prudent. We observe, in refer- 
ence to them, 

1. That the certificate of Prof. Brumings alone testifies that he 
has studied, but only that he has made a beginning in his studies. 

2. That the certificate of the Director and Vice-Director of 
the Consistory at Heidelberg, dated Sept. 22, 1744, is only a per- 
mission for him to exercise himself in preaching and in the hold- 
ing of prayer-meetings. This the students request and practise 
at least for one year, previous to their being accepted as candi- 
dates in the Palatinate. 

3. That the certificate signed at Ossingen, March 3rd 1749, 
only testifies that he filled a vicarate there, and conducted himself 
well in that ofiice. Now we know from parties who are thor- 
oughly acquainted with the Church Order of the Palatinate, that 



3266 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

this duty is frequently performed there by those who are not even 
candidates. 

4. That the certificate of thirty-two persons, who call them- 
selves the Consistory of Stone Arabia, dated July 14, 1751, only 
testifies that they are pleased with his ministry. We do not sup- 
pose that all these thirty-two individuals can be members of his 
consistory, but rather of the congregation. 

Since, therefore, in not one of these certificates separately, nor 
in all of them together, is there a single proof that said John 
Aemilius Wernich has ever been lawfully made a candidate or 
minister, therefore it is our opinion that prudence demands: 

1. That said John Aemilius Wernich cannot be recognized as 
either candidate or minister, except according to the usual Church 
Order, viz., by sustaining an examination for licensure and ordi- 
nation. 

2. That we cannot permit this examination to be held by the 
Coetus. We have indeed permitted such a course, heretofore, occa- 
sionally, in particular cases ; but we are too much bound by 
Synodical rules to accord such privileges hereafter, upon our own 
authority. We are the less able to grant such permission, because 
complaints have been made against us for so doing. It is, there- 
fore, best that Rev. Wernich appear before the Classis for exam- 
ination and ordination, provided he can present a proper call, 
and also a certificate of church-membership, and that he is sound 
in doctrine and consistent in life. 

The consistory of Amsterdam has reported to us that Rev. 
Abraham Rosekrans exhibited to them his call to become pastor 
at Burnitsfield, Herkimer (Herkimer Co.) in IsTorth America; 
also his due qualification as minister by the Rev. Consistory of 
Heidelberg. The Consistory learning that this gentleman could 
not remain in Amsterdam long enough to present himself before 
our Assembly, embraced the opportunity, after expressing their 
best wishes for himself and his ministry, urgently to counsel him 
to join himself to the Rev. Coetus. We have endorsed the action 
of the Consistory (of Amsterdam), and we hereby inform you 
of it. We doubt not you will avail yourselves of this information 



OF THE State of New York. 3267 

when a proper opportunity occurs. We wish that this gentleman 
had addressed himself to us for the procuring of his ordination. 
We have no reason to believe that such ordinations have ever 
occurred by your direction : and so we trust, that you will as far 
as possible, ever take care that this Classis is not passed by in 
similar cases. 

It would have been very agreeable to us if we had received a 
copy of the Minutes of the regular Coetus of September, and of 
the extra session in October, 1751. From them we could have 
learned something definite about the disputes on Long Island 
between Revs. Arondeus and Van Sinderen, as well as the differ- 
ences between the Consistories of Kingston and ISTew Paltz. The 
last would have been especially serviceable to us, in connection 
with Rev. Vrooman's presenting himself before us to be examined 
for licensure and ordination ; but we learn from a private letter 
that we will not receive them, until they have been resumed and 
approved at the following Coetus. We are willing to believe that 
you have taken such resolution by reasons which you deem suffi- 
cient. Be not offended. Worthy Sirs and Brethren, when we put 
this matter before you in all friendliness and modesty, whether 
such delay in sending over the Minutes of the Coetus and the 
other reports, will not prolong the lingering disputes, and make 
matters worse. Consider whether the Minutes of Coetus could 
not in some way be ready by the close of the Assembly. The 
Minutes of the Christian Synod of ISTorth Holland, which are of 
much greater extent, and although that Assembly is only a few 
days in session, are read before the close of the Assembly, and 
authenticated by the signature of the President, Assessor and 
Clerk. 

In our extraordinary session on the 3rd of this month, (July, 
1752,) Messrs. Jacobus and Ferdinand Frielinghuyzen and 
Barent Vrooman presented before us. They had been examined 
for licensure, and constituted with honor, candidates in the Classis 
of Utrecht, June Y, 1Y52. The first showed a call to Marbletown, 
Rochester and Wawarsing; the second a call to Kinderhook; the 
third, a call to ISTew Paltz, Shawaugunk and Wallkill. They 



1752 



1752 



3268 Ecclesiastical Records 

requested to be examined to-day for ordination, and to be ordained. 
We have acceded to their request, upon condition that the parties 
who signed Mr. Vrooman's call were qualified legally to do so. 
All three, in accordance with our earnest exhortation and admoni- 
tion thereto agreed to join the Coetus, provided that their Con- 
sistories consent thereto. They also agreed that should any 
merpiber of their Consistories have scruples thereabout, that they 
would urge all such, omni meliore modo, by persuasive motives. 
But as we informed you in our letter of Oct. 4, 1751, we approve 
the call of Rev. Vrooman with the condition of assurance that 
thereby peace between J^Tew Paltz and Kingston would be affected, 
ajid bitter discord not promoted thereby. We hope that those 
affairs may now be settled. And inasmuch as Rev. Vrooman has 
offered himself for examination, we found ourselves compelled 
to express our judgment upon these disputes, according to the 
light obtainable from the letters of each side while we pointed 
out a way of peace; for our hope of such settlement had not 
been realized so far as we know. 

1. Concerning the question whether the church of New Paltz 
is dependent upon that of Kingston, or whether it is independent, 
reasons pro and con are produced, which deserve consideration. 
But the Consistory of Kingston in their last letter, dated Oct. 
11th 1751, again solemnly asserted that they would agree to the 
separation of the Paltz, when conducted in a legal manner. Hence 
the reasons pro and con can be passed by, and the case can be 
determined upon its own merits. These are that ]^ew Paltz, by 
reason of its great distance from Kingston, and the increase of its 
inhabitants, and by its present ability to support a pastor, may 
be separated from Kingston, and be regarded as a separate con- 
gregation. But they must give a friendly notice thereof to the 
Consistory of Kingston, even as they have done to the Rev. Coetus. 
This we are assured they will not refuse, and herewith this point 
may be considered as settled, since that dispute is no more to be 
brought up. 

2. As regards the question whether the members who adhere 
persistently to John Van Driessen were lawfully censured by the 



OF THE State of New York. 3269 

175J 

Consistory of Kingston, about which those of New Paltz have 
misgivings; and whether the members received by John Van 
Driessen, are to be considered as members, without any new con- 
fession, — a question which the Consistory of Kingston asks of us. 
We judge that an obstinate adherence to John Van Driessen, (who 
pushed himself into the 'New Paltz church to the injury of the 
Kingston people, and against whom Classis has for several years 
issued warnings, declaring that he does not even belong to our 
Church:) most certainly makes one liable to censure. But when 
it is taken into consideration that such conduct was not done for 
the purpose of embracing or defending some heresy, but rather 
from a conviction that New Paltz to be recognized as independent 
(of Kingston;) and when we bear in mind that in such cases 
persons sometimes act a little hastily; — we are of the opinion — 
now that the separation is agreed on, — that those members who 
belong to ISFew Paltz or Kingston, respectively, might be held not 
to have been censured ; and if any record has been made of it, to 
add a note that all these affairs have been settled to the satisfaction 
of all parties; provided that these members confess, either before 
a Committee of the Coetus, or each one before his own Consistory, 
that they adhere to the pure Reformed Doctrine embraced in the 
Heidelberg Catechism, and to the thirty-seven articles of the 
Netherlands Confession of Faith, and place themselves in sub- 
jection to the Church Order. This can be done without exactly 
requiring of them anew a confession of their faith. In this way 
all disagreements and unpleasantnesses, — both on account of the 
action of Rev. Mancius and his Consistory at Kingston, and on 
account of what was done by Rev. De Vas, emeritus pastor there, 
as well as that which was done by Rev. Goetschius, on which 
certain remarks might be made, — come to an end. 

3. As regards the question whether the Consistory of New Paltz 
must be considered as lawfully constituted: We judge that the 
Rev. Coetus might well have delayed the appointment of a Con- 
sistory there, for a time ; and the consideration of the reasons, pro 
and con for a separation, ought to have been submitted to a com- 
mittee of more than one minister ; and on general principles, those 



3270 Ecclesiastical Records 

people should liave been avoided who adhere to John Van Driessen. 
But considering that the two previous points are now disposed of, 
this third point of consideration may well be dropped; for the 
Consistory of Kingston declares that it has nothing against the 
other Consistory, when the legal separation of ISTew Paltz is accom- 
plished ; and that the call of Rev. Yrooman by that Consistory, is 
to be referred to the Church of 'N&w Paltz. 

We trust that these, our decisions, may be quietly thought over 
by all parties, and that they will conduct themselves accordingly; 
that they will overlook, forget and forgive in one another what- 
ever may have caused any unpleasantness, and so Peace may be 
restored. To this end we have written a letter also to the Con- 
sistory of jSTew Paltz, entirely similar to this one, so far as relates 
to these differences, with friendly exhortations to them to establish 
peace. We have also written to the Consistory of Kingston, and 
have also urged them to join the Rev. Coetus, even as we have 
praised those of 'New Paltz for having already done so. We notify 
you of these things, not doubting but that you will, as far as pos- 
sible, promote peace, on the lines suggested. 

With sorrow we have learned of the death of the worthy Rev. 
(Gualterus) Du Bois. We hope that this breach may speedily 
be healed, through the favor of the Lord, and to the welfare of 
the Church of IsTew York. 

Yesterday there came into the hands of our Committee, and 
which to-day was communicated to us, the resolutions of the Rev. 
Classis of l^eder Veluwe, dated April 25, 1752, together with a 
letter from Rev. Wynstok. We send you a copy of the resolutions 
and an extract from the letter. We have deliberated on these 
communications, and have resolved to refuse the request of the 
Consistory of Bergen on (and) Staten Island to allow P. De Wind 
to remain as their pastor. Your action in regard to De Wind we 
regard as entirely prudent. Having dispassionately considered, 
in the fear of God, everything that has been brought before us in 
this case, we abide by our resolution sent to you on ISTov. 23, 1751, 
and judge P. De Wind worthy of being deposed de facto. There- 
fore we reiterate, if our resolution has not yet been put in execu- 



OF THE State op New York. 3271 

tion, that he must be deposed and incapacitated from ever holding 
any office in the church. Whence it follows as a matter of course, 
that he must be considered and treated as a member under censure. 
We shall give notice of this resolution at the Christian Synod to 
be held at Alkmaar during the coming week. We have also written 
this week to the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island, and 
advised them to take counsel with the Coetus in such an unheard 
of case, of which we have learned with disgnist and consternation. 
The Consistory will act in conjunction with you, that this resolu- 
tion may take effect as soon as possible. Let Peter De Wind be 
removed from the pulpit and restrained from everything connected 
with service in the Church. The Classis will look upon everything 
which said De Wind may yet undertake (which we hope he may 
not do,) after the announcement of our resolution, as a still worse 
intrusion into the Sacred Ministry, and we declare the same to be 
unlawful and of no validity in the Church of God. 

We wish you all necessary wisdom and prudence, that you may 
employ all your powers with holy zeal for the removal of offences 
occasioned by this affair. May the Lord bless you and your house- 
holds, and make the churches entrusted to your oversight a joy in 

the earth. 

Signed as before. 
Amsterdam, in our 

Classical Assembly, 

July 17, 1752. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
The Classis of Amsterdam to the Worthy Consistory of ISTew Paltz, 

July 17, 1752. Vol. 30, No. 147. Eef. xxiv. 11. 
Worthy Sirs and Brethren, the Elders and Deacons in the Church 
at New Paltz : — 
On the 10th of April 1752, we received your letter of Dec. 9th, 
1751, from which we learned, to our sorrow, of the disputes be- 
tween the members at New Paltz, and the Consistory at Kings- 
town. 



3272 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

The contents of your letter we have taken into serious consid- 
eration, and compared them with what was reported to us from 
the other side. We have been careful to propose a settlement of 
the difficulties in the hope that peace may be restored. We there- 
fore give our opinion as follows : 

1. Upon the question whether ISTew Paltz is dependent on the 
Church of Kingston, or independent of it, — we have considered 
the reasons, pro and con. And since the Consistory of Kingston 
in their letter of Oct. 11, 1Y51, again solemnly asserted that they 
would gladly consent to a proper and legal separation of the Paltz, 
therefore the reasons pro and con may be omitted, and the case be 
determined on its own merits. ISTow on account of the great dis- 
tance of ISTew Paltz from Kingston and the increase of its inhab- 
itants ; it being moreover in a condition to support a pastor at its 
own expense ; therefore the Paltz may be separated from Kingston, 
and be considered as an independent congregation. They must, 
however, give friendly notice to the Consistory of Kingston, even 
as they have already done to the Coetus. This we are assured 
they will not refuse. Herewith this point may be considered as 
settled. 

2. Upon the question whether those members who adhere per- 
sistently to John Van Driessen were lawfully censured by the 
Consistory of Kingston, and about which the members at New 
Paltz have many misgivings; and whether those members who 
were received by John Van Driessen, are to be looked upon as 
members, without any acknowledgements, which the Consistory of 
Kingston asks of us: — We decide that an obstinate adherence to 
John Van Driessen, (who pushed himself into the ISTew Paltz, to 
the injury of the Kingstown people, and against who the Classis 
has warned, for years past, that he does not belong to our church) — 
most certainly makes one liable to censure. But when it is taken 
into consideration that this was done, not to embrace or give en- 
couragement to some heresy, but rather from the conviction that 
IvTew Paltz ought to be recognized as an independent church ; and 

• when we bear in mind that in such cases people act rather hastily : 
— ^we are therefore of the opinion, since the separation is now 



OF THE State or New York. 3273 

1752 



agreed to, that those members who belong either to ISTew Paltz or 
Kingston, may be considered as not having been censured ; and if 
any record have been made of it, to furtlier note that these matters 
have been settled to the satisfaction of both parties. But then 
these members should confess, either before the committee of the 
Coetus, or each one before his o^\ti Consistory, that they adhere to 
the pure Reformed Doctrine embraced in the Heidelberg Cate- 
chism, and the 37 Articles of the Netherlands Confession of Faith, 
and submit themselves to the Church Order, without exactly re- 
quiring of them anew a confession of their faith. Thus all disa- 
greements and unpleasant matters, whether caused by Rev. Man- 
cius and the Consistory of Kingston, or by de Vas, emeritus pas- 
tor there; or caused by Rev. Goetschius, which might by the sub- 
ject of remark, — come to an end. 

3. Upon the question v;hether the Consistory of ISTew Paltz 
must be endorsed as legally constituted : We decide that the Rev. 
Coetus might well have delayed the appointment of a Consistory 
there for a time ; and that the reasons adduced, on either side, 
'pro and con, for a separation, ought to have been decided by more 
than one minister ; and that upon the whole, those persons should 
have been avoided who adhere to John Van Driessen. But upon 
the supposition that the two previous matters are settled, this con- 
sideration and difficulty may be dropped. For the Consistory of 
Kingstown, (permitting that Rev. Vrooman, called there by that 
Consistory, be referred to the Church of New Paltz,) acknowledges 
that they have nothing against that Consistory when the ISTew Paltz 
is legally separated. 

We trust that these our conclusions will be quietly thought over 
by all parties, and that they will conduct themselves according to 
our judgement. Overlook, forget and forgive in one another, 
whatever may have caused unpleasant feelings, and thus peace 
may be restored. 

4. As regards your request that we should examine and ordain 
as minister to New Paltz, Shawangunk and Wallkill, the Rev. 
Vrooman. — This gentleman was examined for licensure and ac- 
cepted as candidate in the Classis of Utrecht in the previous month. 



3274 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

On tlie 3rd of this montli he requested to be examined for ordina- 
tion bj lis, to-day. We granted tbis request upon the supposition 
tbat the signers to the call which he showed us, were lawfully 
qualified thereto. We have therefore examined him to-day, and 
he has given us so much satisfaction, that we have qualified and 
ordained him as Pastor, with prayer for the Lord's blessing. We 
therefore heartily wish, for you and the congregations united with 
you, that the Lord may richly endow this Pastor with all things 
necessary for the success of his ministry among you, and that he 
may be a useful instrument in God's hand to extend the Kingdom 
of Christ. We hope therefore, that he may labor among you as 
a man of peace, and that his well-directed efforts to this end may 
not be frustrated. We desire, and admonish you most earnestly 
to do all in your power for the promotion of peace. Do not there- 
fore make any objection to our proposition beforementioned, for 
the removal of the difiiculties with the people of Kingstown, but 
let everything that has given occasion to disagreement on either 
side be forgiven and forgotten. For does it not behoove all 
Christians, and especially the Overseers of a Church, the example 
of whom has so much influence on the congregation, to act accord- 
ing to the teaching of Paul, (Col. 3: 13,) "Forbearing one 
another in love, and forgiving one another, if any man have a 
quarrel against any; even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye." 
" Be of one mind ; live in peace ; and the God of love and peace 
shall be with you." 

It was pleasant to learn that you had submitted yourselves to 
the Rev. Coetus. We hope that you will continue therein. We 
doubt not but that you will discover that, with the Lord's blessing, 
this will be a happy means for guarding against confusion 
and disorder, which Independency or Congregationalism might 
occasion. 

We commend you and the church under your supervision to 
God and the Word of his Grace, which is able to build you up 
and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified. 

(Signed as above.) 
Amsterdam, July 17, 1752. 



OF THE State of New York. 3275 

1752 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Eev. Mr. Manciiis and the 
Worthy Consistory at Kingston. July 17, 1752. Vol. 30, 
page 273, No. 148. Ref. xxiv. 11. 

Rev. Sir and P>rother, and other Members of the Worthy Con- 
sistory at Kingston: — 

Your letter of Oct. 11, 1751, came safely to hand in Feb. 1752, 
containing a reply to our letter of May 3, 1751. We were grieved 
to learn that the disputes between you and the people of ISTew 
Paltz had not yet been removed. This we also discovered from 
a letter from the Consistory of ISTew Paltz. But since you again 
solemnly declare thai you unll gladly consent to a separation of 
the Paltz when it shall he effected in a proper manner; and that 
you have no objection to the calling of Rev. Yrooman, and that 
you wish a blessing thereupon; that you leave the whole subject 
to our decision^ and that you will make no observations as to the 
manner in which that call ivas obtained^ through Rev. Theodore 
Frelinghuysen, now that he has apologized for it: — therefore it 
seems to us that the way is prepared for the removal of the dif- 
ferences on this point. We have, therefore, upon Rev, Vrooman's 
request to be ordained as Pastor at New Paltz, cum annexis, after 
examination for ordination, come to the following deeision to 
remove the estrangements which have arisen from this cause. 

(Here follow Articles 1, 2, & 3, of letter 729. These same 
sections are found in Letter 728, addressed to Coetus.) 

Now in expectation that thus the distemper and estrangement 
may be removed, we have examined Rev, Vrooman and ordained 
him as Pastor at the Paltz. We have also given notice of the same 
to the Consistory of the New Paltz, and have exhorted them 
earnestly, and in a brotherly manner, as we hereby exhort you, 
to do all in your power to promote peace. Therefore you will not 
throw any obstacles in the way of these proposals of ours for the 
removal of the difficulties until the people of the New Paltz. Let 
everything henceforth, on either side, which has given occasion to 
bitterness or unpleasantness, be forgiven and forgotten. (Col. 
3 :13 is here quoted.) Thus we hope that peace may be restored. 
64 



1752 



327G Ecclesiastical Recorbs 

We also hope that the removal of these difficulties may induce 
you, (as you were almost resolved at our last writing), to join the 
Rev. Coetus, to which we would earnestly persuade you. We are 
fully persuaded that much benefit may be expected therefrom to 
the churches in those regions. We consider it also as a means to 
confirm and make permanent the Peace, which we feel sure will 
be restored by these communications. We shall always, on our 
part, take care, as far as possible, that private persons, or con- 
gregations shall have no reason to complain of oppression or 
domination from that Assembly, and shall labor, if well-grounded 
reasons of complaint be given, to remove the same as soon as 
possible. 

Thus do we reply. Worthy Brethren, at present, to your letter. 
We conclude with a heartfelt wish and prayer that the merciful 
God may pour out the richest of his blessings, in large measure, 
upon your persons, households, ministrations, and congi*egations, 
and make these blessings perpetual — forever. 

(Signed as above.) 
Amsterdam, July 17, 1752. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Churches of Bergen and Staten 

Island, July 17, 1752. Vol. 30, page — , Is^o. 149. Referred 

to. Vol. CI. Amst. xxiv, 11. 
To the Elders and Deacons at Bergen and Staten Island : 
Worthy and Esteemed Brethren: — 

We received in due time a letter sigTied by two elders in the 
name of all the brethren, dated l^ov. 9th, 1751. From this we 
learn that you feel yourselves aggrieved at the act and resolution 
of the Rev. Coetus of 'New York, while you make a friendly re- 
quest that Peter De Wind may remain as pastor among you. 

AVe doubt not yovi have received since you ^vrote our letter of 
jSTov. 23, 1751, and have learned therefrom that said P. De Wind 
used forced certificates, etc. We must now let you know that we 
cannot imderstand how you should have felt yourselves aggrieved 



OF THE State op New York. 3277 

with the well founded reasons governing the action of the Rev. 
Coetus. We consider that that Assembly dealt veiy wisely with 
him. We transmitted the defence which De Wind made before 
the Coetus to the Rev. Classis of Neder Veluwe. Thereupon that 
body adopted a resolution of which we send you a copy. From 
this you will perceive that De Wind has conducted himself in a 
very wicked manner. He has intruded himself into the ministry 
by committing a deception which is most criminal in itself, and 
highly worthy of punishment. After a dispassionate examination 
of the facts, therefore, we have unanimously decided, in the fear 
of God and with abhorrence of such detestable conduct, that we 
can by no means grant your request to allow him to remain as 
your minister. On the contrary we are obliged to insist upon 
our previous resolution. We therefore reassert that we depose 
said Peter De Wind from the ministry, and declare him incapable 
of ever performing any church-service. It therefore follows, as 
a matter of course, that you must prevent him from the adminis- 
tration or use of the Lord's Supper. 

With this, we despatch a letter to the Coetus of New York, 
We doubt not they will judge our action reasonable, and not 
shrink from assisting you in its execution. We earnestly counsel 
you to join hands with the Rev, Coetus in a strong defence against 
such a fellow, who, like a thief, has wickedly intruded himself 
into the Sacred Ministry. He is liable to punishment by the civil 
government. He therefore cannot be suffered in the pulpit, unless 
we would excite the wrath of Holy God, who is a God of order, 
and brings to nought them who speak lies before the congregation. 
We therefore expect you as soon as possible after the receipt of this, 
to see that he is removed from the ministry of preaching. We 
cannot consider anything which he may undertake, (which we 
hope he will not do) after the publication of this resolution, as 
lawful, but only as an obstinate and improper intrusion into the 
Sacred Ministry, and as being null and void in the Church of 
God. 

The Lord grant that with holy zeal and wisdom you may do 
everything needful for the removal of offences occasioned by this 



1752 



3278 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

unheard of circumstance. May God toucli the heart of said P, De 
Wind that he may truly humble himself for his wicked deeds. 
May God provide for your congregation a man after his own heart, 
who may be a successful instrument in his hands prosperously to 
build up the Kingdom of God among you. 

Signed as above. 
Amsterdam, 

July 17, 1752. 
1762, July 28-Aug. 3. Acts of the. Synod of North Holland. 

These relate for this year, so far as America is concerned, chiefly to the progress 
of the German Churches in Pennsylvania. But the Correspondence of those German 
Churches had been carried on through Rev. Gualterus Du Bois of New York. A 
recent report had been received from him. Large amounts had been raised in 
Great Britain for the German Churches in Pennsylvania through Rev. David Thom- 
son, English Presbyterian minister in Amsterdam. 

See History of The Reformed Church (German) in the United States, by Rev. Dr. 
Jas. 1. Good, 1899; and The Reformed Church in Pennsylvania, by Rev. Dr. Joseph 
H. Dubbs, 1902. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, Aug. 1752. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter from New York to Rev. Van der Vorm. 

Extract from a letter to Rev. Van der Vorm, from New York, 
June 17, 1752; received early in August, 1752; signed Cornelius 
Klopper, Junior. It refers to Revs. Arondeus and Van Sinderen ; 
also to P. de Windt 

I. Touching Peter de Windt: in consequence of the writing of 
Classis, he was deposed by the Coetus and the consistory; so of 
that affair a complete end seems to have been made; but he seems 
to be little embarrassed by his deposition, saying that he will have 
to seek his livelihood by following the sea, as he has learned no 
trade. 

II. The dispute between Rev. Arondeus and Rev. Van Sinderen. 
Rev. Arondeus had not preached the penitential sermon to the 
satisfaction of the Committee of Coetus ; therefore peace had not 
been effected. Van Sinderen and his party immediately (called) 
an extra meeting of the Coetus ; before this Arondeus and his party 
were summoned. They very willingly appeared, expecting that 



OF THE State of New York. 3279 

peace would be proposed ; or at least that they would give him an 
opportunity to give the reasons why he could not preach to the 
satisfaction of the committee; but on the contrary they were not 
allowed to speak. When, however, Arondeus was compelled to 
speai: because the President spoke in so low a tone, he was told 
that he must keep still, or he would have to go out at the door. 
Subsequently the sentence of deposition was read. Arondeus and 
his followers were much astonished at his un-Christian treatment, 
inasmuch as the Classis had asked the Coetus to act in the gentlest 
possible manner; that they should endeavor to save Arondeus and 
not to iTiin him ; but that they were now treated as if they had com- 
mitted murder, and were criminal offenders; when only a short 
time before, he had, at the request of Classis, come to the Coetus, 
which was, indeed, the first time he had appeared in that body; 
that he had then addressed Van Sinderen in the most persuasive 
manner ; that he had forgiven everything in a most Christian way, 
and offered him a fraternal hand. But now, instead of being 
treated in a Christian manner, he was treated as if he had com- 
mitted unpardonable sins, although nothing worse can be alleged 
against him than that his call was not regular, according to 
Church Law. This was acknowledged with sorrow, by him and 
his friends, who constitute the larger part of the congregation; 
and they desire nothing else than that it (the call ?) may be cor- 
rected in an ecclesiastical way, which surely is a Christian pro- 
ceeding. 

But the action of the Coetus and of Van Sinderen, even to those 
who are outside of our Church, is detestable. If all matters of 
dispute which, from time to time may arise in the congregation 
there, are treated so severely and partially, it may easily be fore- 
seen that the Dutch Church in that land will shortly come to 
naught, how muchsoever the Classis may hope to the contrary. 
An eye needs to be kept upon the conduct of some young and 
thoughtless ministers in those regions, who seek to carry everything 
according to their wishes by outvoting (the elder ones). It will 
be inevitable, then, that the Church will shortly fall into great 
disputes, to its utter ruin. Of this abundant evidences are already 



1752 



1752 



3280 Ecclesiastical Records 

seen. For, instead of Arondeus's deposition contributing to peace, 
it only seems to hasten the desolation of the Church. As soon as 
Arondeus was deposed, his friends refused to pay anything toward 
Van Sinderen's salary. Thereupon Van Sinderen cited before 
the Civil Judge those who had signed his call. This caused the 
anger of those people to exceed, as it were, their reason. They 
will litigate with him as long as they have a penny in the world, 
and thus the ruin of each will be accomplished and the very bot- 
tom of the Church of New York will be knocked out. One of 
the elders cited by Van Sinderen has even hung himself, although 
no one knows exactly why, or from what cause; but surely such 
disturbances have not been beneficial to him. And the Lord only 
knows what is yet to come forth out of all this. 

He refers himself further to the letter read to him, but sent to 
the Rev. Mr. Van Schelluyne by Mr. Christopher Banker, elder 
in the Church of I^ew York, and a member of the Eev. Coetus. 
He has noted down everything very accurately. Further, it is 
requested that this letter of Rev. Van Schelluyne should be read, 
and the business involved, recommended to the wise and fatherly 
supervision (of the Classis), so that the Church may not be utterly 
torn asunder. Furthermore, it appears that the writer would pro- 
pose certain regulations, yet he thinks that nothing further would 
result therefrom, except that Arondeus would be kept in the 
Church. If then there came no peace within a year or two, that 
Van Sinderen should also be deposed, as well as Arondeus ; never- 
theless, even then, there would be no peace, as the Ruling Con- 
sistory of Van Sinderen would still remain, and would again call 
a minister according to their osmo. pleasure, which would lead to 
renewed disquiet, but with those who remain, the dispute, which 
is now at its worst, would gradually die out, as has occurred 
already in that same church, between the now deceased Revs, 
Antonides and Freeman. Concluding with salutation, he adds yet 
a P. S. ; that Revs. Ritzema and De Ronde also the elder Banker 
and the other elders of the city of New York, opposed themselves 
to this imprudent conduct of the Coetus. 

N. B. Not protested or appealed; no one has done thus, at 
Coetus, neither Arondus nor his friends, xxiii. 2^5-278. 



OF THE State op New York. 3281 

Church of I^ew York. 
Church Records. 

New York, Aug. 24, 1752. (N. S.) 
Consistory held, after calling on God's name. 

Resolved, That the things recorded in the WHITE BOOK, 
since 1741, be revised ; and there shall be transferred to the 
BROWl^ BOOK such things as belong there. Domine Ritvzema 
and Elders Bancker and Lynssen were appointed to do this. 

The Elders, E. Bryant and C. Bancker were chosen to sit with 
the ministers, Ritzema and De Ronde, in the next Coetus. 

It was agreed that iVafye Nobel, a weak and indigent member, 
be supported by the deacons at fourteen pounds per year. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Certificate of Mrs. Catherine de Wint, regarding matters concern- 
ing her son. Rev. Pieter de Wint. Sept. 2, 1752. 

Portfolio " Xew York ", Vol. ii. 

1, tlie undersigned, have learned that Mr. Kalverslager, (who in his lifetime was 
minister on the island of St. John), must have sent to the Rev. Classis of Amster- 
dam a certificate relating to the conduct of my son, Pieter de Wint. This certifi- 
cate, as reported, I must have signed myself. But in the presence of the members 
of the consistory of this place, as witnesses, I hereby testify and declare, in truth, 
as at all times I shall be ready to declare under oath, that such a certificate is false 
and unjust. 1 never had any conversation with Rev. Mr. Kalverslager about my 
son, Pieter de Wint. On the contrary I declare that during my separation from my 
son, I have heard nothing about him except what was good. So, also during the 
time I was with him, I can give no other than good testimony regarding his conduct. 

I have requested my sou, Pieter de Wint, to summon me to appear before the 
judge to make a statement to that effect under oath; but he replied that it would 
not be necessary, and that this statement, made before witnesses would be enough. 
I therefore, hereby request the Rev. Coetus of New York to send a copy of it to 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, in order that it may see from this, what an evil 
deed was done, and that, alas! by a minister. 

In confirmation of all that is stated above, I have, before the witnesses present, 
signed my hand. 

Done at St. Thomas, September 2, 1753. 

Catharina de Wint. 

We, the undersigned, elders and deacons of the Dutch Reformed Church of this 
place, do hereby testify that we were present to see Mrs. Catharine de Wint sign the 
above certificate with her own hand. 

St. Thomas, September 2, 1752. 

Deacons. \ ''■ ^- Uytendale Elders. J ^"<^^« ^^ ^'°t 

I Jan de Man I Geurt Sjrt. (Sjoert?) de Wint. 

[See Sept. 19, 1752.] 



3282 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

Acts of the Olassis of Amsterdam. 

Peter de Wind. 

1752, Sept. 4th. There was read a letter to Rev. Wynstok, 
minister at Harderwyk, concerning the case of Peter de Wind, 
which was approved. Since then there has come in a letter, with 
certain enclosures, from Peter de Wind, relating to his case. This 
was sent to the Messrs. Deputies. They are directed to write 
him, that if he thinks he has any cause for action against Rev. 
Wynstok, he must institute the same in the place where it belongs. 
In this event, the Rev. Classis will act as circumstances require, 
xii. 304. Referred to, xxiv. 12. 

Brill, Ritzema, de Ronde, 

Haaghoort, Suriname. 

Art. 9. The case of Brill remains in statu. The Messrs. Depu- 
ties shall write about it to Rev. Meynders, at Embden, as actuarius 
of the Coetus. The business of Ritzema and de Ronde, remains 
in statu, and will be answered in the letters to the Coetus of ]^ew 
York. A reply to Rev. Haaghoort was read and approved. In 
the Suriname aifair, an extract from the request of Mr. de Vries 
was read ; also a letter from the gentlemen of the Suriname Society 

to the Hon. General Sporke. The Deputies were thanked for the 
communication, and were directed also to thank the gentlemen of 
the Society, in the name of the Classis. xii. 305. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letters from Foreign Lands. 

Art. 14. A letter from the Coetus of ISTew York to the Classis 
of Amsterdam, dated April 17, 1752, was read, together with the 
Acta of an extra meeting of September 10, 1751, and extra ses- 
sions of October 16, 1751, and April 14, 1752. Besides this there 
was an enclosure, signed by Rev. Ritzema. There was also a letter 
from Rev. Theodore Frielinghuysen of Albany, dated May 1, 
1751. A reply to the latter was approved. See further. Acts of 
Deputies, Sept. 4, 1752. xii. 306. 



OF THE State of New York. 3283 

The Classis of Amstekdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haeghoort, September 
4, 1752. Vol. 30, page 281, ^o. 151. Ref. xxiv. 12. 

To Rev. Gerard Haeghoort of Second River. 

Worthy Sir and Brother: — 

Yours of July 17, 1750, reached us in due time, as also the 
one of Dec. 6, 1751. Had the first been couched in friendly 
and proper terms, we would have gladly replied to it in a similar 
spirit. But the expressions used therein showed that friendship 
and propriety were not taken into the account. This led us to 
decide not to trouble ourselves about replying. We would gladly 
exchange thoughts with you in a friendly manner, but when mis- 
sives do not conform thereto it is best to consign them to oblivion. 

The answer to your second letter we were obliged to defer until 

the present time, because not until now have we received the letter 

and the Minutes of the Coetus of ISTew York. From these we had 

hoped to obtain more light upon your protest against that Body, 

and the now deceased clerk extraordinary, (Rev. Gualterus) Du 

Bois. To our sorrow, however, we must say that w© did not gain 

the light desired, to enable us to judge of your protest according 

to the lale "^"^Audi ad alteram partem." Meantime w© hope that 

some way may be discovered to settle the differences between you 

and the Coetus in an amicable manner. To this end we urge you 

to strive with all your might. We expect the Coetus also, from its 

side will heartily co-operate. Thus may you associate with the 

brethren in unity and harmony, so desirable. To this end we 

pray the Lord's blessing to rest upon you, that you may glorify 

your ministry, and may be able to rejoice that your labor is not 

in vain in the Lord. 

We are with all affection, 

Signed as before. 

Amsterdam, 

In Classical Assembly, 

September 4, 1752. 



1752 



1752 



3284 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen, 
Sept. 4, 1752. Vol. 30, page — , ^o. 153. 
To Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany: 
Worthy Sir and Much-esteemed Brother: — 

Your letter of May 1st 1751 did not come to hand until July 3, 
1752, and hence we could not answer it earlier. We learn from 
it with satisfaction that you have done your utmost to prevail 
upon your Consistory at Albany to join the Rev. Coetus of New 
York, and we are sorry that you fear your efforts may be unsuc- 
cessful. We will be gratified if you will persevere in urging this 
matter, knowing well that those who persevere finally conquer. 

We notice that you seem to have been affected by certain words 
in our letter of May 5, 1749. You desire to know the reasons of 
our objections that you may explain them away. We answer that 
the request in your letter was put too much in the form of a de- 
mand; that the arguments you employed, viz., that the refusal of 
your request would cause unpleasantness, and would discourage 
others who might desire to study, are not arguments which can 
persuade us to permit matters which we could hardly justify 
before the higher Ecclesiastical Assemblies. Hov/ever, since you 
say that you vv^rote that letter in a great hurry, v/e gladly overlook 
those things and consider them as closed. 

Messrs. Ferdinand and Jacobus Frelinghuysen with Barent 
Vrooman were examined for ordination and ordained for their 
settlements on July 3, 1752. All three of them gave great satis- 
faction to our Assembly, so that we had no hesitancy in admitting 
them. We hear, also, indirectly, that their examination for 
licensure before the Classis of Utrecht was passed with great 
satisfaction to that body. We congratulate you thereupon, and 
trust that the Lord will sustain thean with all strength of soul and 
body, and make their ministry glorious. May they be successful 
instruments in the hands of God to the building up of the King- 
dom of Jesus. We wish the same also for you. 

We remain, 

Signed as above. 

Amsterdam, Sept. 4, 1752. 



OF THE State of New York. 3'285 

Rev. John Aemilius Wernig, (or Wernich) of Stone Arabia, to 
his Patron, September 14, 1752. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii, 306. 

Referred to, xxiv. 19. 

Very Reverend, Very Learned, and to me particularly. Honored and Worthy Siv 

and Minister. 
Gracious Sir and Patron:— 

The yad and helpless condition in which I find myself at present, compels me to 
trouble your Excellency once again with a few unworthy words. Your Excellency 
has no doubt, fresh in mind what I wrote you a year ago; how, after declining the 
call to Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, I accepted one. In God's name, at Canajoharie, 
Schoharie and Stone Arabia in the Province of New York; how I did this on the 
written invitation of a man who had been commissioned to bring with him a min- 
ister from Germany; how, in company with the minister, Rosenkrantz,* who came 
to be located at a distance from me but four German hours, and who is now gone to 
his rest, I took ship, and finally, in much distress, sickness and endurance of hunger 
and thirst, I arrived in this Province. I found nothing, however, of what I had 
hoped for. Nor have I met with such success and progress in the preaching of the 
gospel as I could wish. 

For, in the first place, I found a pitiful disruption among these Germans, They 
were divided into two or three parties, as the result of building a church. These 
conflicting parties could, by no manner of means, be brought together and united 
again; no matter what care and trouble vi^ere taken, or how often an attempt was 
made. There is, indeed, among these people, a continual dislike and envy. And, 
although the party of malcontents desires my services, I dare not encourage them; 
because my church, which called me, is opposed to it. So I do not know what to do, 
or what counsel to take in the matter. It is owing to this also that my salary is .so 
very small, and comes in very irregularly; and, what is worst of all, that I am tried, 
reviled and slandered by the party of the ill-disposed, because I dare not minister 
to them. 

I do, Indeed, comfort myself with the thought that this is the lot of all sincere 
servants of God. On the whole, this German people is one that cannot well bear the 
noble English freedom. They are like the fat horses and oxen, which have gone to 
rich pasture for a long time and then refuse to take the bit or bear the yoke. It 
takes strong legs to bear prosperity. The liberty, peace, wealth and abundance 
which they enjoy cause them to be uncivil, wanton, proud and violent. Their hunger 
and thirst for that which feeds the soul, has, for the lack of it, turned to gluttony; 
so that they now loathe it as an unsatisfying food. This division; this spiritual want 
and poverty; this loss of Joseph, (or failure to grieve at the breach of Joseph,) in 
that Zlon is not built up in that the kingdom of Jesus Christ is not increased nor 
extended; in that the wisdom and knowledge in the mysteries of Christ's kingdom 
do not become more abundant and better known; in that the hunger and thirst for 
the sanctiflcation of His name in the kingdom of His grace here does not become 
greater; in that the triple-headed Beast of which John wrote^Mammon in par- 
ticular—is served more than the Blessed God: these things with many other things, 
touch my heart very painfully; they make me anxious. 

How gladly would I double my zeal, and sacrifice all my powers of body and soul 
in the proclamation of the gospel, if I could but feel assured, that the fourth part of 
my hearers would receive the word, as good seed, in their hearts; as good soil, so 
that it might take root downward and bear fruit upward. What troubles me most 
of all, and— to write the truth— makes the administration of my office fruitless, are 
the frequent misrepresentations of my work; as, for instance, that I am only a 
student and was never promoted, (ordained), and, therefore, came near perishing, 
and had become a curse and a spectacle to men. This reproach eats its way in, not 
only from the opposing party and from the miserable Lutherans; but even from my 
own people. Indeed, I have to ascribe it to no one else — I have no one else to thank 

* Probably the brother of Rev. Abrm. Rosenkrantz. 



1752 



1753 



3286 Ecclesiastical Records 

for it, except some domines of this government. I frankly told some of these of my 
circumstances, and showed my certificate. But they, behind my back, and secretly, 
stirred up the members of my church, and persuaded them to believe that I vras an 
unworthy one, a mere student, thus inducing them to persecute me. Such gentle- 
men as these there are in our Province. They do not eat up the flock, and do not 
spare it. They serve it only for the wool. The one exalts himself above the other; 
and every one imagines himself to be a Bishop of Canterbury. They are sorry when 
a sincere servant of Christ is sent out into the New York harvest; because they are 
afraid of losing part of their own income; not to speak of their other bad qualities. 

Finding myself in circumstances such as these, disliked and ignored, I took refuge 
in that praise-worthy Coetus of this Province. That body also received me and 
looked into my papers. It made report thereof to the Very Rev. Classis of Hollond. 
Its answer it is now awaiting, so as to know what to do in my matters. For the 
present I am subjected to great annoyance. My ministry is also clogged by con- 
tinual fears and hopes as to how my affairs will be dealt with by the Very Rev. 
Classis; for their answer will be for the guidance of our domestic (lit. inland) 
Coetus. 

But laying everything aside, I have good hope that the Chief Shepherd and 
Bishop of our souls, who, from my youth up, has called and separated me to this 
Holy Office, has also given and measured out to me — thanks be to Him therefor! — 
some little talent. This, I trust, I may yet use in the winning of souls. He, who 
knows that I am faithful, who has at all times stood by me, in the worst sad- 
nesses, adversities and persecutions both of body and soul, that have happened to 
me from my youth up: He who has delivered me out of all my distresses, will not 
deny me His help, nor let the office (to which I am called) be desecrated. 

Nor does the following circumstance frighten me: that the minister, Rosenkrantz,* 
who is to obtain the place of his deceased brother; and who, about four weeks ago, 
happily and in good health, arrived at his church at Burnetsfield, had, while at 
Amsterdam, understood from Mr. Schlatter, that the very worthy Classis of Hol- 
land had taken no action in regard to myself; that my papers were not considered 
good; and that it would be necessary for me to cross the sea once more to present 
myself before them. If this were the case, I should be obliged to lay down the 
office so dear to me, and in future to refrain from making God's name known to 
men. For, (1) My bodily constitution is weak, so that during my first voyage, (first 
sail), I took my soul in my hands and carried it off as booty. (2) In my absence the 
entire flock would become scattered. (3) I know of no means sufficient to defra.v the 
expenses of such a voyage. (4) Then, moreover, I am no longer free, but bound (by 
domestic ties) ; as I would have to leave behind me a sorrowing woman of seventeen 
in a delicate condition. 

Taking all this into consideration, I betake myself to your very Reverend (Rerw.) 
self, as to a gentleman whose excellence I recognize; whose profound erudition I 
have noticed; whose humanity and excellent qualities I have praised; as one who, 
although exalted, still knows how to be humble, and how, on proper occasions, to 
comfort those who are weary and sad; to whom Zion's condition is dear; and who, 
in particular, has already taken a great deal of trouble, care and effort in the 
planting of the American vineyard — for all of which may the Most High reward 
him:— Should it be as Mr. Rosenkrantz has told me of Mr. Schlatter, my most 
humble and obedient petition is that your Excellency may find some way out for 
me, so that I shall not have to go on such a voyage to the risk of my life; to be, it 
may be, violently snatched away before my time, and so behold the Lord no longer 
In the land of the living; or to be like the children that are come to the birth, and 
there is no strength to bring them forth:— that you may be graciously pleased so to 
direct the matter, and to bring it about, that the worthy Classis of Holland shall 
instruct our New York Coetus, after examination, to which I shall gladly submit 
myself— to ordain me in the Name of God, in order that I may be set at rest, and 
live in comfort, and the Lord's purpose may, through me, his weak servant, also be 
furthered. 

This is the heartfelt petition which I make of your Excellency, in the sure hope 
that your Excellency will therein extend a helping hand to a sorrowful and oppressed 
cross-bearer and servant of Jesus Christ; and that your very influential recommen- 

*Rev. Abram Rosenkrantz. Se« Corwin's Manual— Rosenkrantz. 



OF THE State op New York. 3287 

dation may bring about the granting of my petition, and the early presentation of 
this matter, (to the proper authorities) if possible, in April next, when the New 
York Coetus holds its session, by getting the answer of the Rev. Classis sent on to 
it in time. 

Jehovah, the merciful Rewarder of all good, will not leave unrewarded such a 
work of love, but will be mindful of it. And, since your Excellency has already 
taken so much trouble, and labored so hard to extend the kingdom of Jesus Christ, 
in building up the Heavenly Zion, your Excellency will at some time, shine in 
Heavenly Glory, and like the stars forever and ever. 

I close, having the honor of commending myself to your Excellency's favor. And, 
after wishing you every real good, and sending you my kindly greetings, leaving 
your venerable person and your, to me, still unknown family, to the protection of 
Jehovah, I am, and remain with all love and esteem, 

Your Very Reverend Sir and Well-disposed Patron's Most Obedient Client and 
Servant, 

John Aemilius Wernig, p. t. Pastor. 
Stone Arabia, Sept. 14, 1752. 

P. S. If my small salary could be helped out with some contribution from Hol- 
land, I should be thankful to your Excellency for that. If I tAke the liberty once 
more of writing to your Excellency, I shall, in my humble way, give an account of 
the nature and condition of the land, particularly of the valuable ginden root, which 
is dug up in large quantities hereabouts, and sold for a very high price, about two 
pounds, or ten Rhine guilders, per bushel, by the wild inhabitants, to whom I have 
preached several times already; and of other things of that kind. 



Acts OF the Coetus, Held at Ne.w York, Sept. 19-21, 1752. 

In Acts of Classis, Vol. xxiii, 308-312. 

Session I. — Tuesday, September 19 — Forenoon. 

1. Members Present. 

Dom. A. Curtenius . Elder, L. Foorest 

" J. Ritzema " Chas. Bancker 



1752 



B. Meinema 

U. Van Sinderen 

J. O. Fryenmoet 

L. De Ronde 

J. Frellnghuysen 

J. H. Goetschius 



A. Lett 
T. Decker 
E. Byvank 
P. Williamson 
D. Van Orden. 



H. Fisher, Elder of Dom. Leydt. 

The Assembly being opened with prayer to God, by Dom. J. Ritzema, Dom. Fryen- 
moet was unanimously chosen President, and Dom. De Ronde, Clerk. 

2. Letter from the Pennsylvania Coetus.— The President read to the Assembly a letter 
from I'hiladelphia, laid upon the table by Dom. Ritzema, which had been written 
by Dom. Schlatter, in the name of the Pennsylvania Coetus, containing a statement, 
by the Synod of South and North Holland, respecting the two students, Marinus 
and Du Bois, with an inquiry from the Coetus of Pennsylvania as to the way in 
which they should act, since Marinus belonged under our Coetus. After delibera- 
tion, the question was found to be, whether Mr. Marinus should be examined by our 
Coetus, or by that of Pennsylvania. This question was taken ad referendum. 

3. Reading of Minutes.— The President read the Minutes of the last Coetus, April 14, 
1752, and the letters of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, relating, for the most part, 
to the sad affair of P. De Wint. All remarks upon them were postponed to another 
occasion. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God, to meet in the afternoon, at 
three o'clock. 



3288 Ecclesiastical Records 



1752 



Session II. — Afternoon. 

1. Arondeus.— The Assembly being opened with prayer, Simon Losie and Joseph 
Duryee, a committee from Oyster Bay and Jamaica, presented a paper, in wliieh the 
counsel and aid of the Coetus were requested. Likewise, several committees from 
the five Tillages on Long Island; Peter Vandervoort, William Couwenhoven, William 
Van Nuys, John Meserole, and Hendrik Vandowater presented a paper requesting 
that Arondeus, who still went on obstinately in the old way, might at once be dealt 
with according to the law of the Church. On deliberation, it was decided to pass 
by, for the present, Arondeus in person, but to apprise the Classis, by the first 
opportunity, of the Assemblies of Arondeus and his friends after the decision of 
the Coetu.s. 

The following members appeared this afternoon: Dom. R. Erickson, with his 
elder; Cornelius Smith, elder from Tappan; and Garret Vau Wagenen, elder from 
Aquaekonock. 

2. Oyster Bay and Jamaica. — The Consistory here was declared a lawful one, and 
Oyster Bay allowed to have a new Consistory chosen and ordained. For the choos- 
ing of a minister, and also for the calling of the same by the two congregations, 
Dom. De Ronde is named as consulent, (advisory minister,) who consented to act as 
such, and also undertook to appraise the congregations by letter of this resolution. 

3. Request from Dom. Tan Sinderen. — He represented to the Assembly that, owing 
to the serious divisions on Long Island, the Lord's Supper had not been celebrated 
there for a long time, but now the affair being so far finished, a brotherly and 
Christian council was required; how, then, should he deal with the unwilling and 
obstinate? The Assembly decided it to be proper that the Lord's Supper should be 
administered, and advised Dom. Van Sinderen and the elders to visit all the mem- 
bers from house to house, and to exhort the stubborn with brotherly kindness. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving, to meet to-morrow, at nine o'clock. 

Session III. — Wednesday, Septembee 20^ — Forenoon. 

1. Letters from the Classis.— The Assembly being opened with prayer, the foregoing 
minutes were read, and also the letters of the Rev. Classis concerning P. De Wint. 
The Assembly unanimously agreed to inform the Rev. Classis that the sentence 
upon P. De Wint had already been executed, and that he had submitted to it, hav- 
ing left the congregation of Bergen and gone to the West Indies. Also, to bring to 
the notice of the Rev. Classis the contradictions vre observe in the reports of Dom. 
P. Wynstock concerning P. De Wint, as soon as we see the original letters of Dom. 
P. Wynstock. 

2. The Paltz.— Concerning the matter of the Paltz, it was decided that that was 
settled by the commission of Dom. Fryenmoet; but, as sufficient light has not been 
given to the Classis by the Coetus, express information should now be furnished 
to them. The Rev. Messrs. Fryenmoet, De Ronde, and the elder, Fisher, were 
appointed a committee to prepare a letter, representing this and other matters to 
the Rev. Classis. 

3. Tappan.— The President read a paper, laid upon the table by an elder from 
Tappan, containing a statement concerning Dom. Muzelius; whereupon the Assembly 
saw fit to cite Dom. Muzelius, who was in the city, to appear at once before them. 
Cornelius Smith and David Van Orden, elders, conveyed this summons, but reported 
that he could not appear. 

4. Case of Marin us. —'David Marinus laid upon the table two letters from Dom. M. 
Schlatter, touching his examination, which being closely examined by the Coetus, 
confirmed them in their view that the aforesaid student, being under the Coetus of 
New York, should be examined by them; and they so decided. Whereon, D. Marinus 
requested the examination, and presented his documents and testimonials, which 
being investigated, were all found to be to his praise, and his request was granted. 
The President and Clerk being occupied with weighty matters, Dom. Ritzema and 
Frelinghuysen were appointed to conduct the exercise, and they appointed the can- 
didate a text and a portion in the languages. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving, to meet in the afternoon, at half past 
three o'clock. 



OP THE State of New York. 3289 



Session IV. — Afternoon. 

1. Muzeluis.— The Assembly being opened with an appropriate prayer and tlie mia- 
ntes read, the case of Muzelius was talcen up, and, after deliberation, it was deter- 
mined to abide by ttie last resolution of the Coetus, which had not yet been carried 
into effect, leaving it to the neighboring ministers to do in the case what would 
best serve for the peace and quiet of the congregation, and to prepare the way 
by providing a reasonable salary for Dom. Muzelius, for removing him from the 
congregation. 

The Assembly again separated with thanksgiving, to meet in the morning, at nine 
o'clock. 

Session V. — Thursday, Septembeu 21 — Forenoon. 

1. Letter to the Classis.— The Assembly being opened with prayer, and the preceed- 
ing minutes read, the committee to prepare a letter to the Rev. Classis made a 
report, which was read by the President and unanimously approved, the committee 
being thanked for their pains. 

2. Examination of Marinus.— The Examinatores, proceeding to the examination of 
the candidate, David Marinus, called at Aquackononck, first required him to ascend 
the pulpit and preach from 1 Cor. xii., 3. He was then examined in Hebrew and 
Greek and in Divinity, in which he gave so much satisfaction that the Assembly 
found no dithculty in admitting him to the office of the ministry, and whatever 
belongs thereto. Thereupon he sig-ned the Formulas of Unity, and Dom. Goetschius 
was appointed to ordain him in his holy office, with Dom. Curtenius by the laying 
on of hands. 

3. Ccnsura Morum.— The President inquired if there was any complaint of a min- 
ister, but none was mentioned; and the Assembly was concluded with an earnest 
prayer, in love and peace, and the mutual invocation of every kind of health and 
blessing upon each other. 

Done in our Kev. Assembly, this 21st of September, 1752, 
And signed, in the name of all, 

J. Fryenmoet, President. 

Lam. De Roude, Extraor. Clerk. 

PlETEB DE WiNDT, FKOM St. ThOMAS, W. I. TO THE ClASSIS OF 

Amsterdam, Sept. 19, 1752. 
Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. Also in Vol. xxiii, 289. 

Addressed: To the Very Reverend Sirs, the Classis of Amsterdam, at Amslerdaiu. 

St. Thomas, Sept. 19, 1752. 
Very Reverend Sirs: — 

No doubt long before this comes to your hands, your Revs, will have been in 
receipt of my two former letters sent from New York. Accompanying the first was 
an original letter, besides the copy of an original letter, both from Mr. P. Wynstok. 
From these — to be brief now — your Revs, can see how unjust is that sentence which 
was read to me from a letter to the consistories of Bergen and Staten Island. With 
the other was enclosed the original letter from Wynstok, a copy of which I sent 
with the first, three weeks before. 

The Lord God, 1 hope and pray, has directed by his hand both of my letters, so 
that by this time they have been delivered to your Revs. Very worthy Sirs, do now 
consider the matter. For the rest I leave it wholly to the Lord who is my Strength 
and Refuge. 

With a view of going to see you, Sirs, I came here to St. Thomas from New York. 
All ready to go at this time, I received, on the 8th Inst, a letter, sent by my wife 
from New York. I have now given up the voyage because she writes me that she 
has been informed that Mr. Kalverslager, who was in his lifetime a minister on this 
Island of St. Johns, must have sent your Revs, a certificate and that my mother here 



1752 



1752 



3290 Ecclesiastical Records 

must Have signed it. What evil doings! and that of a minister! I do not need to 
send testimonials in regard to Mr. Kalverslager's conduct here and on St. Johns, 
and in other places, as I doubt not but that your Revs, have already come to knove 
how he conducted himself. For, his consistories, and even his churches, hare offered 
me sworn certificates. But what do I want of them? The Lord is directing my 
affairs. 

m order to show what Kalverslager was, I send your Revs, a copy of a testimonial 
given me by my mother here. I leave that matter to your Revs, judgment. Just 
see. Sirs, what enemies I have. First Wynstok; now Kalverslager. "What", I may 
well exclaim; "are these the men who have to proclaim the truth." Instead of 
that they are in short, but wolves in sheep's clothing. Within a week I shall, God 
willing, leave here for New York, where I shall show the Rev. Coetus this original 
Certificate which I have from my mother. [See Sept. 2, 1752.] 

Rev. Sirs, 1 doubt not but that there are other ravenous wolves who are writing 
to your Revs, against me. But, as long as they are concealed from me, I am unable 
to defend myself against them. While I count all the reproaches which I suffer for 
my Christ's sake, greater riches than all the treasures of Egypt, I ask your Revs., 
in case there are such as send over false reports, to let me know who they are, in 
order that I may have them called up before the consistory. For I am sure that 
no one can accuse me of anything. It is true— I confess it— in my early youth, as a 
student, 1 was somewhat gay. But why should anything be made of that? Most 
ministers might then, indeed, be banished. That the Rev. (John) Frielinghuysen, 
minister on the Raritan, has been as I believe, using his pen and ink against me, 
and is possibly doing so still— is something which, as the proverb says, "I have 
already in the nose." What else is he than an intruder, seeking to leave his own 
church and forcibly to crowd himself into another, and doing many other things not 
worth the trouble of my putting them on paper. True there are in your Revs.' 
Assembly some who build on Frielinghuysen; but if such persons live long enough, 
they will find that their building stands on an unsteady pillar, and threatens possibly 
before long, to come to naught. 

But furthermore, Rev. Sirs, I shall continue to make known the Word of the Lord 
to the children of men. I shall cause them to hear the voice of the Lord calling 
them to repentance. I shall set before them the two ways and exhort them to 
choose the way of eternal life. My desire, in all this, will not abate; but I shall be 
fired rather by greater desire and zeal so as to do the will of the Lord my God: not 
by my own powers, indeed, but by the power of God's Spirit, for which I beseech 
the generous Giver of all things, for his own Son's sake. 

Further, your Revs, may ask, why I relinquished so suddenly, my plan of going to 
see your Revs. The reason for that is that I learned that the certificate, which 
Kalverslager is said to have sent to your Revs., was by your Revs, sent back to New 
lork, to the Coetus. I will first present my matters there, and, meanwhile, wait to 
hear in return from your Revs. 

Nothing further, Rev. Sirs: only let me be reinstated in my office, in order that 
I may go on unhindered. So I close, wishing your Revs., all together, every blessing 
for both soul and body. I remain always and with all respect. 

Very Rev. Sirs, 

Your Revs.' Obedient Servant, 

Pieter de Wint. 
N. B. See Recording Book (Copy book) of Letters. 
No. 166. 

Received Dec. 3, 1752. Via Copenhagen, P. Capt. Hojer, D. G. G. 

COREESPONDENCB FROM AmERICA. 

The Coetus of ISTew York to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Sept. 21, 1752. xxiii. 308-312. Reference, xxiv. 19. 

Learned and Pious Fathers and Brethren : — 

Since we, on the 18th of October last, satisfied your desire in 
the sad case of P. De Wint, whose testimonials were shown to be 



OP THE State of New York. 3291 

false, and stated our reasons for suspending him from tlie minis- 
try, we have been expecting further intelligence from your Rev, 
Body. ISTor have we been disappointed. On the 24:th of May, 
1752, we received a letter from you, bearing date October 4, 1Y51, 
and also one of the same year, which, to our wonder, is without 
date of day or month, together with extracts from the Classis of 
Neder Veluwe. Understanding from them that your Body, after 
a calm inspection of the documents and full deliberation, with 
abhorrence of such godless and , deceptive proceedings, have, in 
the fear of God, imanimously deposed him, we have carried out 
the sentence by the two neighboring ministers, Eitzema and De 
Ronde, who read your letter to the Consistory of Bergen and 
Staten Island, and made it known to De Wint, who submitted to 
the sentence, and has gone to the West Indies. 

But Rev. Fathers and Brethren, notwithstanding we approve in 
the highest degree the decision of your Rev. Body, yet it seems to 
us remarkable that you have passed without notice some, as we 
think, evident contradictions in the letters of Dom. Wynstock. 
For example, in his letter to you, forwarded to our Assembly, he 
says that he knew no P. De Wint any more than a Hermhutter ; 
and yet it appears by the extract of his concerning the deportment 
of P. De Wint, that he knew him much better than a Herrnhutter, 
which is further confirmed by two letters written to De Wint, the 
one on Oct. 10, and the other on Dec. 8, 1750, three or four weeks 
before his examination, in which Dom. Wynstock congratulates P. 
De Wint upon his arrival at Amsterdam and his call, and warmly 
requests him to come to him without delay, and promises to help 
him in everything. These letters, if we are rightly informed, 
were sent by P. De Wint to the Rev. Body, to be laid upon the 
table. 

We must with deep sorrow state, that the long-desired peace 
and quiet of the congregations on Long Island are not yet estab- 
lished, since Dom. Arondeus, resisting the sentence pronounced 
upon him, disturbs the congregation by administering the Word 
and the sacrament of baptism, and is confirmed in his obstinacy 
65 



1753 



3292 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

by his followers, wlio still refuse to pay the salary due to Van 
Sinderen. 

As you in your letter of October 4, 1751, desire to hear that 
peace is made between 'New Paltz and Kingston, we hereby inform 
you that the commission performed by Dom. Fryenmoet at the 
Paltz has furnished us with good grounds for declaring the con- 
gregation independent of Kingston, as appears from their reply 
to the three reasons of Dom. Mancius, which is herein sent to you. 
We expect that the call of Dom. Vrooman, who has been recom- 
mended by Dom. Mancius, will soon be brought to your table, and 
thus every groundless suspicion against it will, we think, be satis- 
factorily removed. 

Sending the minutes of our recent sessions, by which you will 
have clearer understanding of what has been done, we pray that 
the all-sufficient Jehovah may pour out upon you all the gifts of 
his gracious Spirit, to the magnifying of his name and the benefit 
of his Church, especially in these provinces ; and remain. 

Your servants and brethren of the Christian Coetus of ISTew 

York, 

In the name of all, 

J. Fryenmoet, V.D.M., At Minisink, At 31 

p. t. Pres't. 

L. De Ronde, p. t. Clerk, 

Done in our Coetus Assembly, Sept. 21, 1752. 

Proceedings at ISTew Paltz. 

Congregation of New Paltz, October 18, 1750, in the presence 
of Egbert De Witt and Samuel Bevier, elders from Wawarsing, 
the instructions of the Rev. Coetus, and the letter of Dom. Man- 
cius thereon, were read to the Consistory. They brought forward 
the following in reply : 

To the first article in Dom. Mancius's letter: That Samuel 
Bevier, at present an elder of the Paltz, will, with many others, 
testify on oath, if required, that he, with many others, saw 
Andrew Le Fever offer to declare on oath before a magistrate, 
that while the Paltz had always, as a French Reformed congre- 
gation, been provided with its o^^m minister and Consistory, yet 



OF THE State op New York. 3293 

now, as they were vacant, they would engage with Kingston ; but, 
as soon as they should have their own minister, they should be 
released from this engagement. 

To the second : That it was true various persons from the Paltz 
had been received as members in Kingston, but the reason was, 
not only that they, according to the promise aforesaid, paid salary 
at Kingston, but also that the Paltz, at the time, had no other 
minister. It was true, also, that some had turned again to King- 
ston, but how far these were influenced by a conviction of the 
unlawfulness of John Van Driessen's ministry, was unknown to 
the Consistory : still, this was no proof that the Paltz belonged to 
Kingston, for these members could just as well have gone to any 
other congregation. 

To the third they replied : That it was wholly untrue that the 
Paltz has had no other Consistory than that of Kingston; for, as 
the church book shows, in August, 1683, Pierre Daille© chose and 
ordained Louis Du Bois for elder, and Hugh Prere for deacon; 
and that in June, 1690, Hugh Frere as elder, and Louis Bevier 
as deacon, were chosen and ordained, who continued in office till 
their death. When Mr. John Van Driessen came, there was no 
Consistory, and he consequently constituted one, which was prop- 
erly acknowledged by Dom. Mancius as lawful, since the Coetus 
had already set him the example. 

Thus we believe that the conclusion of Dom. Mancius is false, 
because, as appears from all the foregoing reasons, Paltz has 
always been a church and congregation independently of Kingston, 
and consequently that the ministerial service performed here by 
Dom. Goetschius and other Reformed ministers is not in conflict 
with Article XV. of the Church Orders. 

Such is our reply to Dom. Mancius's letter, certified under our 

own hands. 

Samuel Bevier, 

Dan'l. Hasbrouck. 
In presence of E. De Witt, Samuel Bevier. 

The foregoing having been delivered to me and calmly consid- 
ered, I have, after calling upon the Lord's name, in the name of 



1752 



3294 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

the Coetus, acting witli the Consistory and Church, chosen an elder 
and a deacon, and after three separate publications of their names 
to the congregation, have ordained them. 

In confirmation whereof, I here subscribe my name, 

J. Fryenmoet, V.D.M., At 38. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, Sept. 25, 1752. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter from Rev. Theodorus Frelinghuysen, of Albany, June 25, 

1752; received September 25, 1752. (Eeferred to, Vol. 12, 

309; Vol. 24, 9, 13.) 

I^ot long after his arrival at Albany he served the Church of 
Claverack occasionally at its request, with the proclamation of the 
Word, the administration of the Sacraments, and the installation 
of members of the Consistory. After that Rev. Eggo Tonkens 
van Hoevenberg came from Suriname to this church, having first 
caused some confusion in I^Tew York. He ministered to the 
churches of the Manor of Livingston and Claverack for about a 
year. This was a matter of gratification to the writer, not having 
any doubt about his credentials ; but Mr. Hoevenberg on reporting 
himself to the Coetus, was rejected for lack of certificates; on this 
account, Mr. Livingston would not proceed with the call. Dissen- 
sions occurred from this, so that Hoevenberg challenged that gen- 
tleman to the sword, and removed to Rhinebeck. A portion of 
the Claverack people, however, still continued to cling to him; 
another portion was apprehensive as to the lawfulness of his 
ministry. 

Rev. Frelinghuysen, meeting Mr. Hoevenberg, requested, in 
the presence of the consistory, to be allowed to see his credentials. 
Whereupon Hoevenberg broke forth in extravagant language in a 
manner not fit to relate to the High Rev. Classis. Since that time 
the Deacons and the larger portion of the congTegation have pro- 
tested against his ministrations. The Elders and another portion 
keep him in office. Three members of the Coetus state in a letter, 



OP THE State op New York, 3295 

which came to Claverack, that this Classis for weighty reasons 
will not have anything to do with Rev. Hoevenberg; since they 
are in doubt at Claverack how this must be understood, he as well 
as the Deacons and the larger part of the congregation, ask that 
the Classis will please to explain itself ; whether it recognizes Rev. 
Hoevenberg as a lawful minister for these regions; or not; and 
they promise if the Classis acknowledges him, they will give him 
the hand of fraternity; but if not they will have nothing to do 
with him. He ends with salutations, xxiii. 247, 248. 

COREESPONDENCE IN AmEKICA. 

The Coetus of ISTew York to the Rev. Coetus of Pennsylvania, 
Sept. 29, 1752. 

Rev., Pious, Learned, and Highly Esteemed Brethren: — 

We must highly approve your zeal for the maintenance of peace 
and love, shown in the letter of Dom. Schlatter, containing an 
extract from the resolution of the Synod of ISTorth and South 
Holland, concerning the examination of Mr. David Marinus, to- 
gether with a proposal to us whether we would find it agreeable 
to carry out the Synodical resolution. 

Our brotherly reply is, that after mature deliberation and a 
careful inspection of your letter and that of Dom. Schlatter to 
Marinus, we are confirmed in the opinion that since this gentle- 
man, with his congregation, belongs under the Coetus of ISTew 
York, he ought to be examined by the same. Having thus con- 
cluded, we, at the request of Marinus, examined him by two 
Examinatores, in the truths of theology, the languages, etc., and 
were so satisfied as to admit him to the office of the ministry, and 
he will be ordained at an early day. Thus you will be saved the 
trouble. 

Cordially wishing that the Lord would bless you in person and 
work, would always dwell in the midst of your Assembly, and 
prosper with his grace all your endeavors for the extension of his 
dear-bought Church, so that Zion may be built up in your region, 
and the holy Israel of his people enlarged. We remain, in all 



1752 



3296 Ecclesiastical Kecoeds 

esteem and fraternal affection, Your servants and brethren of the 
Coetus of iN'ew York, 

In the name of all, 

L. De Eonde, V. D. M., Extraor. Clerk. 
l^&w York, September 29, 1752. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstebjdam. 

Death of Rev. Calverslaege and Call of Rev. John Wernerius 
Knevels to St. John. 

1752, Oct. 2nd. § 1. Rev. John Plantinus makes known in 
the name of the consistory of St. John, (West Indies,) that Rev. 
Calverlaege died at St. John. The Rev. John Wernerns Knevels, 
S. S. Min. Cand., at Leyden, was called to that place, and he 
requested the approval of that call by this Assembly; also that 
the said John Wernerus Knevels may be at this session examined, 
finally, and after proper examination, ordained, because a ship 
will sail thither before another regular meeting of Classis. The 
certificates, both from Church and Classis, were found to be praise- 
worthy and excellent testimonials of John Wernerus Knevels. He 
having already arrived, this Assembly approved the said call, and 
granted his request to be this day examined, finally. As a trial 
text there was given him Matt. 7 : 24, 25 ; for examination in 
Hebrew, Ps. 27 ; in Greek, Acts 8. xii. 307. 

(Letters to) Peter de Wind, and to the Consistory of 
Staten Island. 

§ 6 ad § 7. A letter was read to Rev. de Wind, and another to 
the consistory of Bergen and Staten Island. Both of these were 
approved, and will be sent in such a way, that the letter to de Wind 
shall be enclosed, unsealed, in the letter to the consistory. Quod 
factum, xii. 308. 

'N&w York ; in particular Arondeus. 

Art. 13. The Deputies ad res Exteras, together with Messrs. 
Visser, van Schelluyne, and van de Vorm, have examined all the 
former Acta and letters of parties, pro and con, in the case of 



OF THE State of New York. 3297 

1752 

Eev. Arondeus, After mature and earnest consideration, they 

brought in a report (pre-advice), which is to be found in full in 

the Acta of the Depp. This was read and approved, and the 

letters shall be ^vritten in accordance with said pre-advice, and 

be dispatched, without waiting for the Classis in January 

xii. 309. 

Eev. Theodore Frielinghuysen's letter regarding 
Rev. Hoevenberg. 
Art. 14. A letter was read from Eev. Theodore Frielinghuy- 
sen, minister at Albany, dated June 23, 1752, in the name of the 
consistory of Claverack, addressed to this Assembly. In this there 
is a request that the Classis would declare itelf in regard to Eev. 
Hoevenberg; whether he was recognized as such a minister as 
one to whom they could extend a call in that country without 
offense. The Classis judges that for this once this private letter 
might be answered; but, at the same time, that this consistory 
be reminded of the Coetus. As to Eev. Hoevenberg, the Classis 
does indeed recognize him as a minister in Suriname, but not in 
New York; for there has never come before them any act of dis- 
mission of Hoevenberg. As to the rest, the Assembly will have 
nothing more to do with said gentleman, xii. 309. 

(The Classis henceforth considered all letters as unofficial, which 
did not come through the Coetus.) 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Final Examination and Ordination of John W. Knevels for 
St. Johns, W. I. 

Art. 15. The Eev. Mr. Abraham William Filenius Kruythof, 
appeared at this session with — (illegible) — ^wish for blessing, to 
be present at the final examination of the Messrs. Cornelius Griese, 
called to Batavia, and John Wernerus Knevels, called to St. John, 
(West Indies). Each of these gentlemen preached a sermon to 
the satisfaction of the Assembly on the words assigned them, and 
were admitted to the fijial examination. Also Mr. Jacob Swart, 
S. S. Theol. Stud, preached with satisfaction on the text pr&- 



3298 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

viously assigned to him, and was admitted to the preparatory 
examination. These three gentlemen were then questioned by 
Rev. deJonge, as Examiner, both in the Hebrew and Greek, and 
the principal articles of Sacred Theology. They gave such satis- 
faction that the Rev. Deputy of Synod and the entire Assembly 
made not the least objection to ordaining the first two as ministers. 
This was done. Rev. Jacob Swart was admitted to the office of 
public preaching. All of them were also first required to repudiate 
the condemned opinions of Prof. Roel and Dr. Bekker; to sign 
the Formulae of Concord and the Post Acta of the Synod of Dort ; 
and to promise that they would read, word for word, without any 
change, the Forms for Baptism and the Holy Supper; especially 
the last three questions in the Form for Baptism. The Rev. Swart 
also took the oath against Simony. The Examiner was thanked. 
The Rev. Deputatus took leave with his good wishes, and was 
responded to with the good wishes (of Classis) in return, by the 
President. Rev. Jacob Swart was given a laudable certificate, 
xii. 309. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstekdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Consistories of Bergen and 
Staten Island, Oct. 2, 1Y52. Vol. 30, p. 295, No, 157. Re- 
ferred to in Vol. xxiv, 13. 

To the Worthy Brethren, the Elders and Deacons at Bergen 
and Staten Island, 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren : — 

A few days after we had forwarded our letter of July 12 (17 ?) 
1752, we received a letter from Mr. P. De Wind, dated June 13, 
1752, wherewith he sends us a copy of a letter from Rev. Wyn- 
stok, etc. From this he thinks he can prove that he was deceived 
by Rev. Wynstok, and concludes by saying that he did not deserve 
such severe action in connection with his deposition, and now 
wishes to offer himself a second time for examination. We have 
carefully considered its contents, but find ourselves compelled to 
abide by our former resolution of deposition, which has been 
already sent to you. We take the liberty of addressing to you our 



OP THE State op New York. 3299 

reply to Mr. De Wind, witli the request to hand this letter over 
to him, after having read it yourselves. We therefore leave it 
unsealed. 

We remain, after wishing every blessing upon you, your offices 
and your congregation, with all esteem. 

Signed as ahove. 

In our Classical Assembly at Amsterdam, Oct. 2, 1Y52. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstesbam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Pieter De Wint, Oct. 2, 1752. 

Vol. 30, page 297, Wo. 158. Ref. xxiv. 13. 

To Mr. P. de Wint, 

Dear Sir: — We duly received on Aug. 11th, your Hon's. letter 
of June 13, 1752, with the copies of certificates enclosed, and 
letters from Rev. Wynstok, one original and one copied. We see 
therefrom, that your Hon. complains about the sentence of depo- 
sition, (deportation) which we passed upon you, as being, in your 
opinion, too severe, pretending, as you do, that you must have been 
innocently misled by Rev. Wynstok. We have considered the 
letter, a copy of which you sent us, and by which you think you 
can prove that Rev. Wynstok must have deceived you. But we 
fail to see that it proves such a far-reaching accusation against 
Rev. Wynstok, as you deduce therefrom. We cannot even recon- 
cile its contents with the account which you yourself gave us pre- 
viously of that letter. We fear, therefore, that your Hon. is 
lowering himself more and more by the invention of untruths and 
false accusations. This is not the way for you to act, to enable 
us to set you on your feet again and to reinstate you in the Holy 
Ministry. On the contrary, we find ourselves necessitated to abide 
by your former resolution of deposing (deporting) your Hon. and 
of declaring you unfit for church service. We cannot make the 
slightest change in that resolution until we become convinced of 
your innocence. To that end it would be necessary for you, in 
case you feel aggTieved by this resolution, and hold yourself in 
conscience to be innocent to institute action against Rev. Wynstok, 



1752 



1752 



3300 Ecclesiastical Records 

and to siumnon him to appear before liis competent judge, to 
answer your charges. 

Meanwhile we advise, exhort, and beseech you earnestly, to be 
careful to refrain from adding new misdeeds to the former ones; 
and to think over the past, to honor the voice of God, to make 
confession to him, to hnmble yourself before God, and to seek 
reconciliation in the blood of sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ. 
Onr wish is that the God of all grace may prepare your heart 
therefor by the power of the Holy Spirit. 

Dear Sir, Your Hon's. obedient and well-wishing servants, the 
members of the Classis of Amsterdam. In the name of all. 

Jacobus Tyken, V.D.M. CI. Amst. CI. Depp. h. t. Praeses, 
Jacob de Jouge, V.D.M. CI. Amst. CI. Depp. h. t, Scriba, 

In this Classical Assembly 

at Amsterdam, Oct. 2, 1752. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Schuneman shall be examined. 

1752, Oct. 5th. § 2. Rev. John Schuneman was present. He 
had for some time studied under certain ministers in ISTorth 
America, in the province of ISTew York, and brought with him 
from that country laudable certificates. He requested permission 
to undergo the preparatory and final examinations, as he had 
already been called as minister by the congregation at Katshiel 
(Catskill) and Coxsackie, in said province. His request was 
granted him for the next Classis in the ISTew Year. The clerk was 
directed to write to the Examiner, van Wena, and give him notice 
hereof, that a trial text might be assigned to the examinandus, 
etc., and that he should officiate in the Classis at the appointed 
time. The letter was read to the Assembly, approved and subse- 
quently sent, xii, 810. 



OF THE State of New York. 3301 

CoRBESPONDEJiJ^CE FROM AMERICA. 

Eev. Gerard Haaghoort to the Classis of Amsterdam, Oct. 11, 1752. 
Portfolio " 'N^ew York ", Vol. ii. 

Addressed: To the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam. 

Rev. Sirs and Respected Brethren:— 

As I was charged with forwarding the enclosed and found a good and, Indeed, 
early opportunity to do so, I wish to express, briefly, that I cannot hide my aston- 
ishment at my not getting an answer to the protest against our Coetus, etc., which 
1 sent your Revs, such a long time ago; or at any rate, an answer to my preceding 
letter. Nor can I forhear to mention that our Coetus has, (for and in the behalf 
of Rev. Schlatter, of Pennsylvania, whom the Synods of Holland had authorized 
thereto), ordained Rev. (David) Marinus to the ministry at Aquackanonck. This 
church was formerly united with that of Second River, here. It belonged to our 
Coetus and was always subordinate to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, all of which 
is well known to your Revs. I must confess my inability to comprehend how all 
this can be done, and how it can be indicated, (reconciled). The Classis refuses 
(permission for such things) and with good reasons. The Synods, which we do not 
know, and to which we do not belong, allow it; and that, also, by a person (Schlat- 
ter) who has not the slightest relation to us. He is a Swiss, and was formerly sent 
here by the Synods, to the German churches in Pennsylvania. But he has, on his 
own authority, undertaken even to examine the said Marinus, and to license him, 
(give him liberty to preach) and that at Aquackanonck. 

Can all this be done without the Rev. Classis? If so, why not prevent it? If not, 
the same course, (to license) is open to us, unless it be declared illegal. But I think 
the mistake lies in this, that the Synods thought that Aquackanonck was situated 
In Pennsylvania! In that case, however, the blame rests on Rev. Schlatter, and on 
the Rev. Classis. They know better, and they will have to answer for it. Or, do 
the Synods have any knowledge of our Coetus at all? It is only to Rev. (Gualterus) 
du Bols that any letters are written. The Coetus Is passed by. In regard to the 
Pennsylvania matters: after the great commotion brought about by Schlatter, I 
should like, after further information, to give the Rev. Classis a fuller account 
than 1 can now do. For want of time, I can but hurriedly jot down (a few things), 
with a view to preventing general tumult, disunion and disruption. Of these we 
have enough here already. I should like to find a way for putting everything to 
rights. 

The German churches here, dissatisfied with the refusal of the Rev. Classis; 
afraid of the danger and the expense of sending their students over (to Europe); 
strengthened by the Synods' advice to that Philadelphia Coetus, in order to obtain 
here the right of promotion; they are trying to get us to unite with the English 
Presbyterians or Independents, who have a Synod here, and also one in Philadel- 
phia. So there is danger of their becoming estranged, or falling away from the 
National Church of Holland; for which, (belonging to a State Church) we are justly 
recognized here); and even of becoming independent and so taking a free position, 
like that strange German Coetus— which the Synods, however, think might be con- 
sidered a Classis. Already there are beginnings toward this, and they of Aquack- 
anonck have made an attempt at it. All I wish to remark about the matter now, is 
that, if it were to come about, as is to be feared, it would be better for them to 
unite with us, inasmuch as they have no Liturgy, Forms, etc. 

Offering my services, and wishing your Revs, every blessing, I remain, Rev. Sirs 
and Respected Brethren, Your Revs.' Obedient Servant, 

Gerard Haeghoort, 

Eccl. at Second River. 
Second River, Oct. 11, 1752. 
Received, Dec. 10, 1752. 



1752 



3302 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

Classis of Amsteej>am. 

Acts of the Deputies, 'Nor. 22, 1752. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter from Hoevenberg and the Consistory of Lower Rhinebeek, 
(Rbinebeck Flats.) 
Letter from Rev. E. T. Van Hoevenberg and other members of 
the Consistory of Lower Rhinebeck on the Flats, dated February 
26, 1752. Received Nov. 22, 1752; with an enclosure. 

1. In this letter they make known that they have called, as 
their pastor, Eggo Tonkes Van Hoevenberg, (formerly) minister 
at Paramaribo, called (first) as minister to ISTew York, (but now 
to) Livingston Manor, and Claverack. They make request that 
we would forward to said Rev. Hoevenberg his ecclesiastical dis- 
mission, and assign him to them, according to Church Order; 
also a copy of (the record of) his examination and of his call to 
Suriname, in order to stop the mouths of those who seek to take 
away the good name, or the character of him, whom they desire 
for their pastor. The letter is signed by Rev. Van Hoevenberg, 
four elders and three deacons, the fourth deacon having died. 

2. The enclosure contains a " Specms facto " in explanation of 
the letter : 

(1) After that the unanimous call of Rev. Hoevenberg to the 
city of N&vif York had been nullified by a majority vote, because 
he had said he would have nothing to do with the intrigues of 
Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bois and (Elder) Bankert; and also because 
there had been presented to him, without any order of the Con- 
sistory, a paper, by the signing of which he would bind himself 
to unite with the Coetus ; which he had also refused to do, insist- 
ing that he should be called on the same footing as Ritzema who 
had not obligated himself by any such subscription: (after that, 
for such reasons his call had been nullified). Lord Robert. Living- 
ston, Junior, brought Rev. Hoevenberg to Livingston Manor and 
asked the people of Claverack to unite in calling him. The terms 
were agreed on ; the call was signed, first by the Patroon, Jr. Rens- 
selaer, and the Consistory of Claverack, but the patroon of Liv- 



OP THE State op New York. 3303 

ingston Manor now refuses to sign ; for there had come to the ears 
of the domine (the patroon?) an angry saying of Rev. Van Hoe^ 
venberg, through one of the nearest friends of Robert Livingston. 
They, thereupon, had a quarrel, but were reconciled, ecclesias- 
tically. Livingston, however, after the reconciliation still refused 
to sign. 

(2) Meantime Hoevenberg is called to Lower Rhincbeck. He 
leaves because (the lord of the) Manor refused to sign his call. 
When he had been there a half year, he is wanted on Long Island. 
Therefore they give him a dismission declaring that they are satis- 
fied with his doctrine and life. In proof thereof, the Consistory 
resolved to allow him to administer the Lord's Supper. This, the 
domine administered the first time without any opposition; but 
the second time it was done not without opposition, because it was 
now rumored that Rev. Hoevenberg was not legally a minister. 

Rev. Frelinghuysen having administered the Lord's Supper in 
the year 1751, made an offer to an elder at Claverack, to give them 
a preaching service in the week time. Rev. Lloevenberg came to 
hear Rev. Frelinghuysen, and to remove the dispute. Rev. Fre- 
linghuysen agTees to hold a consistory meeting after the service 
and to quelch the dispute, which Hoevenberg also requested. On 
the next day. Rev. Frelinghuysen claimed that the Consistory of 
Claverack was his (Consistory), that he wished to keep that con- 
gregation together. He demanded that Hoevenberg should show 
his documents. This the latter refused to do, saying that he had 
shown them before to the full Claverack Consistory, and that the 
elders declared that they had seen these and were satisfied; and 
that Rev. Frelinghuysen had no more right to demand these of 
R-ev. Hoevenberg, who had been in office for two years already, 
than for Rev. Hoevenberg to demand those of Rev. Frelinghuysen ; 
and the more so, because Mancius had installed him at Rhinebeck 
on the strength of his documents. After this had occurred, the 
Consistory asked Rev. Hoevenberg to preach. Thereupon Freling- 
huysen refused to preach, because he would suffer no other preacher 
in his congregation. However, upon persuasion of the elders, he, 
(Frelinghuysen) preached in the forenoon and Rev. Hoevenberg 



1752 



1752 



3304 Ecclesiastical Records 

in til© afternoon, Rev. Frelinghuysen, contrary to liis promise, 
now went away to Kinderhook, without holding a Consistory 
Meeting. He said that he did not know that the call of Hoeven- 
berg had been signed by Claverack and that the elders had accepted 
him, as their minister^ in the winter of 1752. Eev. Frelinghuysen 
again held service in the Livingston Manor. The elders of Clav- 
erack were then summoned by the deacons, to meet in the presence 
of Rev. Frelinghuysen, at Livingston Manor, or at Claverack. 
They agreed to appear before the Consistory of Livingston Manor, 
provided Rev. Mancins were present. 

(3) These having appeared, the deacons claimed that the elders 
should prove, that Rev. Van Hoevenberg was a lawful minister. 
Rev. Mancius proposed, in the name of Hoevenberg, to leave that 
to the Judgment of this Classis, and that Hoevenberg should 
remain in office at Claverack ; that the deacons should bring Rev. 
Frelinghuysen, and further, admonish his followers to peace; and 
that they should write conjointly (to Holland ?) for brevity's sake; 
but Frelinghuysen said that he wanted to write by himself. Three 
elders of Claverack declare that the second and third articles are 
true, because they were present. But the first in regard to ISTew 
York, they leave to the account of Hoevenberg. This enclosure 
was sig-ned by three elders of Claverack, March 30, 1752. xxiii. 
284-287. 

Call of Thomas Romeijst to thei Churches of Oyster Bay and 

(conditionally) Jamaica, JSTovember 27, 1752. 

Portfolio, " New York ", Vol. ii. 

Copy of the Letter calling Thomas Romein to Oyster Bay and 
Jamaica ; as also the signing of it by Thomas Romein, as re- 
gards Jamaica, ISTovember 27, 1752. 

In the Fear of the Lord's Holy Name, Amen! 

Whereas the preaching of God's Holy Word is the means ordained by Him for 
leading men unto salvation: We, therefore, the undersigned, elders and deacons, at 
present constituting the consistories of the combined churches of Jamaica and 
Oyster Bay in Queens County on Long Island, in the Province of New York, having 
heard the gifts of Mr. Thomas Romein, student of Sacred Theology, and with 
whom our churches are satisfied, and unto whom they cry out, as they hereby do, 
"Come over to us and help us": (We, the Consistories) came together in the fear 



OF THE State op New York. 3305 

of tbe Lord, to consider seriously concerning that great matter, tlie making out a 
call for liim. "" 

After calling upon God's Holy Name, we resolved, by unanimous vote to call the 
aforesaid Mr. Thomas Romein; and hereby we do call him to be our lawful Shepherd 
and Teacher, to officiate among us in the Sacred Ministry according to the require- 
ments of the Holy Scripture, and of the Reformed Doctrine and discipline as estab- 
lished in the Dutch Reformed Church by the Christian Synod held at Dordrecht, in 
the years, 1618 and 1619. 

And we call his Rev. on the following conditions: 

First: That his Rev. shall go to Europe as soon as possible, in order to take the 
preparatory examination before any Reverend Reformed Classis in one of the seven 
Provinces of the United Netherlands; and having become a ministerial candidate, to 
present himself for final examination to the Very Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; and 
with the laying on of hands, according to apostolic and Reformed usage, to be set 
apart and ordained to the sacred ministry. 

Secmidly: That, when, under the Providence of God, his Rev. shall have come to 
us, he shall discharge all the duties of the sacred ministry, as a godly Shepherd and 
Teacher of the Reformed Church of Jesus Christ ought to do; by calling upon the 
God of Heaven, preaching the Word of God in purity, administering the Holy Sacra- 
ments as instituted by Christ; by instructing the youth, exercising church discipline, 
visiting the sick, and, in every respect, by exercising a good oversight of the Church 
of Jesus Christ, to the extent of his ability. 

Thirdly: That, in health and when the weather is suitable, with God's permission, 
his Rev. shall, from Easter to the beginning of November, pi-each twice on every 
Lord's Day, by turns in the churches of the above named congregations; in the fore- 
noon from any text in God's Holy Word, and in the afternoon, following the line of 
the Heidelberg Catechism. For the remainder of the year, preaching once on the 
Lord's Day will be sufficient. 

Fourthly: That, on the Feast-days, his Rev. shall hold services according to the 
usage of the Reformed Churches. 

Fifthly: That, if God permit, his Rev. shall administer the Lord's Supper four 
times a year, by turns in each church; once on Christmas Sunday, or on the Sunday 
following Christmas, when Christmas does not fall on Sunday, and when it happens 
to be at the place whose turn it is for the administration of the Lord's Supper; 
once again on Easter Sunday; by these two communion seasons the others will have 
to be regulated. 

Sixthly: That, before each celebration of the Lord's Supper, his Rev. shall preach 
a preparatory sermon, and do family visiting so far as weather and time allow, so 
as to get around through the congregation once in each year. 

On these said conditions, we, the consistories of the aforesaid churches of Jamaica 
and Oyster Bay, in our capacity as elders and deacons, do, for ourselves and for our 
successors from time to time, promise his Rev., so long as he shall be our Shepherd 
and Teacher besides all the love and obedience due to a faithful minister of the 
Gospel according to the Word of God: 

First: That upon the acceptance and signing of this call, we will give his Rev. 
sixty pounds, money current in the Province of New York. 

Secondly: That we will give to liis Rev., and keep in repair, a suitable dwelling, 
with a barn, garden and well, such as shall be agreeable to his Rev. and to the 
churches; together with ten acres of land in the village of Jamaica, not far from 
the church. 

Thirdly: That, for the time his Rev. is at Oyster Bay in the discharge of his 
duties, we will provide him with meals and suitable lodging. 

Fourthly: That we will deliver at his Rev's, door as much firewood as may be 
needed. 

Fifthly: That we will pay his Rev., yearly and each year, the sum of fifty pounds 
in current money of the Province, in two installments, one exact half of it each half 
year; one half year's salary to be paid at his installation. 

We, then, the undersigned Consistories, offer and present this call to the aforesaid 
Mr. Thomas Romein, with the desire that he should accept the same in the fear of 
the Lord; and with the prayer that the good God, the Great Ruler of this world, 
may be pleased to guide him safely over the wild waters, and bring him to us with 
the rich blessings of the Gospel. 



1752 



3306 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

That in this, our action, we are sincere and well-disposed, we attest by setting 
our hands and seals thereto, on this the 27th of November in the year 1752. 
Tueneus Covert Jeronemus Rappelje 

Elbert Hogelant Rem. Noorstrant 

Elders. Joost Durye Deacons. Joris Bennet 

Cornells Hoogland Isaak Remsen 

Daniel Voorhees his 

Petrus Hegemen Johannis I B Bennet 

mark 
Subjoined as witnesses, Johannis Frielinghuysen, V. D. M. 

U. Van Sinderen, V. D. M. 
Signed and Sealed in my presence, 

Jan Lefferts, Justice of the Peace in Kings County. 
I, the undersigned, accept this call in the fear of God's Holy Name. 

Thomas Romeyn, Collata Concordant. 
Jacob de Jonge, Dep. ad res Ext., Praeses, 1753. 
See our letter to the Coetus, September 3, 1753. No. 13. 

Acts of the Classis of Amstekdam. 

Letter from Peter de Wind. 

1752, Dec. 5th. § 6 ad 6. There arrived a letter from Peter 
de Wind, with a statement from his mother. The two having been 
read, the Assembly is of the opinion that this case must be left 
in statu, until further reply has come in to our last communication 
to the Coetus of l^ew York, as well as to him (De Wind.) xii. 313. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of !N^ew York. Dec. 5, 
1752. Vol. 30, page 309, 'No. 163. Eef. xxiv. 16. 

To the Rev. Coetus of ISTew York. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren: — 

About the middle of August we found ourselves honored by a 
communication from you, under date of April 17, 1752, and 
signed by Rev. Haeghoort and Leydt as President and Scribe of 
your Assembly. There also came the Minutes of Coetus held Sept. 
10 and Oct. 16, 1751, and April 14, 1752, with still another docu- 
ment signed by Rev. Ritzema as Clerk Extraordinary. 

That we received your communication of Oct. 18, 1751, con- 
cerning Peter De Wind, containing the requested pseudo-Classical 
certificate, has been learned by you already from our missive of 
July 17, 1752. We therein also declare, (as we made remarks 
concerning the resolution of the Classis of jN^eder Veluwe of April 



OF THE State of New York. 3307 

25, 1752, of which we sent you a copy, and for other reasons also,) 
that we adhere to our first resolution respecting the disposition of 
Pet^r De Wind. Since then we have received another letter from 
De Wind, dated June 13, 1752, with documents, in which he 
asserts that he was innocently deceived, and requests to be rein- 
stated in the ministry. But the proofs which he presents are 
inadequate, and give us reason to fear that he is still further 
entangling himself in sin by the invention of new lies and accusa- 
tions. We therefore wrote him on the 2nd of Oct. last that we 
could make no change in our resolution ; but if he be really ag- 
grieved by our decision, if he in good faith, deems himself inno- 
cent, he should cite the gentlemen by whom he was deceived before 
the competent judge in order that he may explain. We have in- 
formed the Consistory of Bergen and Staten Island of this our 
determination. 

Regarding the protest of Rev. Haeghoort of which we find men- 
tion made in the Minutes of Coetus ; as also an offer in your letter 
to give us further light thereupon, if need be, we answer : We have 
the honor to inform you that Rev. Haeghoort wrote us on Dec. 12, 
1751, about this business. We replied that we were not in a 
position to decide in reference to his objections in the protest, 
before, according to that golden lesson, Audi et alteram partem, 
we had heard from you also. We heartily wish that this affair 
between you and him were amicably settled independently of us. 
We have requested him to strive with all his powers to this end, 
and we expect you to do the same, that brotherly harmony and 
lovely peace may prevail among you. If however, (which we 
hope not). Rev. Haeghoort should appeal to us, and we are com- 
pelled to decide, we request you to forward the report of the 
Committee on that Protest, and whatever else will give us light 
in the case. 

The long-continued and severe disputes between Revs. Arondeus 
And Van Sinderen and their adherents go deep into our hearts. 
We have therefore not only given profound attention to what is 
recorded in three different Assemblies of the Coetus, but also to 
what is reported from the Committee sent to Long Island in N'ov. 



175a 



3308 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

1Y51. We were informed of this in a letter from Revs. Ritzema 
and De Ronde, as well as in one from Rev. Frielinghuyzen. Their 
statements were useful to us, and we learned from the Minutes of 
the Coetus, that thej acquiesced in the report of the Committee; 
but we did not discover just the character of this report. But 
through our Committee ad res Exteras, and some special com- 
mittees on this business, we have examined the former Acts and 
Reports sent to us, relating to the beginning and progress of these 
disputes. Having earnestly and dispassionately considered every- 
thing bearing on the case, we have reason to command your long- 
suffering in the treatment of these disputes, and to praise the 
action taken by the Committee on Long Island. Finally, we en- 
dorse the peremptory decision of Rev. Coetus of April, 1752, which 
we also approve by these presents. The resolution you formerly 
adopted, was approved by our Classis on Jan. 12, 1751. Since 
then your Acts agree ^vith our advice. It appears from the fruit- 
less efforts of the Coimnittee on Long Island that Rev. Arondeus 
has made no proper confession, and is therefore unworthy to oc- 
cupy the pulpit on Long Island ; for by his conduct he has occa- 
sioned much and shameful confusion, and enkindled flames of 
dissensions. 

It would be very agreeable to us and doubtless to you also, if 
this last decision could end the differences on Long Island and 
extinguish the flames of discord. But the several circumstances 
and accounts make us fear the contrary ; for 

1. The large number of 176 families adhere to Arondeus and 
wish to retain him as their pastor, if he will only make a proper 
confession. 

2. Several citizens of ISTew York have interested themselves in 
the situation and desire to find some means of pacification, and 
also to save Arondeus. There is danger that if affairs remain in 
the condition in which they now are, the difficulties will not be 
lessened but augmented and perpetuated; and that great calami- 
ties will occur, if they have not already ; that the friends of Aron- 
deus will call an English minister, or will entirely separate them- 
selves. There will then be great trouble to raise the salary of Rev. 



OF THE State of Xew York. 3309 

1752 
Van Sinderen. Indeed, there are many reasons to fear a complete 
scattering of the once united congregation. 

3. Moreover a Committee of the five associated churches in 
Kings County, in a letter dated June 15, 1752, have presented 
complaints, in the way of an Appeal, concerning the treatment by 
the Coetus, of Arondeus, and their sentence upon him ; requesting 
our assistance for redress in this affair. Although it does not 
appear whether this Committee has given due notice of this Appeal 
in Coetus, or have had it recorded, both of which should have been 
done ; yet we cannot let these complaints pass unnoticed, but must 
give them due consideration. 

As we now fix our eye upon this condition of affairs and the 
misfortunes to be feared ; and also upon our duty to leave nothing 
untried, which might tend to prevent calamities which might lead 
to the entire destruction of several congregations; and as we con- 
sider the position of Rev. Arondeus, a man to be pitied for the 
sad condition into which his misconduct has brought him, and 
which we understand now better than ever before; — for he is a 
man who ought readily to be willing to humble himself for mis- 
conduct, and make a confession of guilt, and of a promise of re- 
form, according to the requirement of Coetus, that he might be 
dealt with, generously ; for a distinction should be made between a 
final deposition for great misdemeanors, and a prohibition to per- 
form service in certain churches, because of an illegal entering 
upon such service, and the excitement incident thereto, which is 
here the case; — when we fully take all these circumstances into 
consideration, (and still there are others which might be men- 
tioned), we find ourselves obliged, from a pure love of Zion's 
welfare among you, and in order to guard against possible un- 
pleasant consequences in the future, lovingly to propose for your 
deliberation, whether one more attempt should not be made by 
you toward the settlement of these disputes, and the retention of 
E.ev. Arondeus. If you could do this, according to our wish, we 
would gladly, so far as possible, suspend the execution of our 
instructions and decisions of Jan. 14, 1751. These were care- 
fully attended to by the Coetus. Let a trial be made for a last 



3310 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

time to see whether the ministers at variance, and their adherents, 
caimot be pacified and reconciled. This, however, must be done in 
such a way, that the authority of the Eev. Coetus must be main- 
tained, and its efforts for peace, justified. Some changes might 
be made of the follomng character: — 

I. That the Eevs. Van Sinderin and Arondeus, in public Coetus, 
in the presence of the friends and adherents of each, or of Com- 
mittees from their respective congregations, do make confession, 
to wit: — 

A. As regards Rev. Arondeus : — 

1. That he promise never again to cut himself loose from his 
congregation, so as to forsake it. 

2. That he promise to implore God's gracious pardon for the 
great and sinful profanity w-hich he uttered. 

3. That he ask forgiveness for his unlawful intrusion into those 
congTegations, and the disturbances occasioned thereby. 

4. That inasmuch as not only the church has shown itself in- 
sulting and intemperate toward him, but he has also acted in the 
same way toward the church, therefore, for this also he humbly 
ask pardon of the church, and promise hereafter to treat the church 
with all love and friendly consideration. 

5. That he acknowledge that it was his duty publicly to confess 
and promise before the congregation, in the penitential sermon 
M'hich was commanded him, those things which he hereby promises 
and confesses in Coetus, to the satisfaction of the Committee upon 
that affair, even as Rev. Van Sinderin did. 

B. As regards Rev. Van Sinderin : — 

That he now in public Coetus make a declaration that he per- 
severes and will continue to persevere in his confession and prom- 
ises, made publicly before the church, wherein he humbly begged 
that so far as he had offended them, they would heartily forgive 
him, even as he had besought God for the same ; and that he would 
especially refrain from all intemperate expressions and personal 
wrangles, nor would he ever refer again to such things in the 
pulpit; in short, that he promise hereafter to conduct himself as 
becomes a minister of the Gospel. 



OF THE State of New York. 3311 

1752 

II. That the respective adherents of Revs. Arondeus and Van 
Sinderin, acknowledge with sorrow before Coetus that they have 
not conducted themselves as they ought to have done, in these 
unpleasant and difficult circumstances; and even as they ask God 
for pardon of the same, so they request forgiveness, and the con- 
doning of the offences, committed by them against the Coetus and 
each other. 

III. That Revs. Arondeus and Van Sinderen and those who 
adhere to them respectively, thereupon show their reconciliation 
to one another, give the brotherly hand of friendship, and promise 
that they will collectively and individually strive, with all faith- 
fulness to preserve, and to strengthen peace in the congregation, 
for the edification of all, and the general promotion of piety ; that 
they mil pray fervently to the God of Peace to incline their hearts 
increasingly to each other, as well as those of the whole congre- 
gation, to the development of Peace, Friendship and Brotherly 
Love — all so blessed and so wholesome; also, in order to effect all 
this, that both ministers and their respective adherents must sign 
a compact of friendship, which we herewith enclose. 

IV. That both ministers and their adherents in addition to 
these things, submit themselves to the Rev. Coetus. 

V. But if, contrary to our hopes, either of the parties refuse to 
subject itself to these propositions of peace, that such party be 
treated according to the Church Order, (the Constitution), even 
to the execution of the censure itself; and that the announcement 
be made that Classis wholly withdraw itself from any further 
dealing with their affairs, and that the resolution of censure here- 
tofore adopted by Classis concerning Arondeus, remain in force. 

VI. But if peace be restored to the satisfaction of Rev. Coetus, 
that then the Rev. Coetus, with the consent of the congregations, 
or rather, that the congregations themselves, present a regular call 
upon Rev. Arondeus, so that the friends of Rev. Van Sinderin 
may also contribute to the salary of Rev. Arondeus, even as the 
friends of Rev. Arondeus remain bound to the payment of the 
salary of Rev. Van Sinderen, according to previous obligations; 
which also pledge them to pay all arrearages. 



3312 Ecclesiastical Records 

1752 

VII. That, further, Rev. Arondeus b© installed by a Committee 
of Rev. Coetus, on which occasion a Peace-sermon should be 
preached by one of the Committee. In this it might be announced 
to the people that peace had been re-established; accompanied by 
earnest admonitions and exhortations to continue therein; and 
that each should contribute everything in his power toward the 
perfect restoration of the same, and the quickening of brotherly 
love. 

These, Rev. Brethren, are the suggestions which appear to us 
best calculated to prevent the evils feared. We request you to 
take them into careful consideration and decide whether they may 
not be the means of quenching those burning flames of dissension, 
and thus prevent the destruction of these churches. Should we 
find the Lord blessing these means, it would be very agreeable 
to us to have been the instruments in God's hands for the well- 
being of these churches, now in such an unhappy state. !For do 
we not know that the Lord Jesus calls the peacemakers blessed ? 
If our proposal meet with your approbation, we request the en- 
closed letters to be sent to their respective addresses. They are 
intended to arouse each one to his duty — to peace and reconcilia- 
tion. If our proposal is not accepted by you, we request said 
enclosed letters to be returned. 

We have lately received a letter from Rev. Theodore Freling- 
huyzen, informing us of certain disturbances in the church of 
Claverack in connection with Rev. Van Hoevenberg. We are asked 
whether we recognize him as a lawful minister in ISTew York. We 
wish he had addressed himself to Rev. Coetus on that point, for 
they can judge of the condition of affairs in the church of Clav- 
erack better than we can. We have answered him, that we have 
recognized Rev. Van Lloevenberg as a minister in Surinam, but 
have never yet done so in !N"ew York, as no act of dismission has 
ever been presented to us from the church in Surinam. 

We cannot further trouble ourselves about that gentleman. This 
we have written to the people of Claverack and the Lower Rhine- 
beck, in reply to a recently received letter from them. We have 
referred them to Surinam for the proper information. We can 



OF THE State of New Youk. 3B13 

only say that lie was properly qualified by us as a minister to 
Surinam, hsiving been examined and ordained upon recommenda- 
tion (dispedion) of the Gentlemen composing the Society of 
Surinam. 

We wish you the Lord's precious blessing both on the work of 
your ministry and upon yourselves, personally, and your families. 
May He whose name is COU^N'SELOK,, ever stand at your right 
hand as such, especially in your deliberations in matters men- 
tioned in this letter. May He cause all your determinations to 
result in the welfare of Zion, and to the glory of His Own Great 

Name. We are with gi-eat esteem, 

Signed as above. 
In Classis at Amsterdam, 

December 5, 1752. 

P. S. Enclosed you will find the Minutes of the Synod of 

ISTorth Holland, held this year at Alkmaar. 

Proposed Form of Reconclliation. 

JSTo. 164. Compact of Friendship and Reconciliation between 
Revs. Arondeus and Van Sinderin and their respective adherents. 

THE UNDERSIGNED, considering tlie sad circumstances which have been occur- 
ring now for a long time by violent dissensions, almost to the destruction of the 
church committed to their charge; as well as the unceasing care and diligence exer- 
cised by the Coetus of New Yorii and the Classis of Amsterdam for the restoration 
of a cordial union with the removal of all disputes and animosities; and also fore- 
seeing that if peace and reconciliation be not effected, not only the souls so precious 
to them, (and which were committed to their care under the solemn responsibility 
of their accountability to God therefor will be injured thereby, but also their own 
temporal and eternal welfare; ARE THEREFORE DISROSED to perform that high 
duty which belongs to every Christian, and which is peculiarly proper in a teacher 
and overseer of the Church; T,'iz., henceforth to do nothing through strife or vain 
glory, but to show forgiveness of each other, whether more or less guilty; and in 
view of any Informalities which have occurred, TO DECLARE, (and which all par- 
ties Implicated in this affair collectively and individually, DO DECLARE that 
they hereby lay aside all desire for revenge, and any feelings which have ever 
existed of injuring one another; yea that, so far from desiring to show any unfriend- 
liness or harshness toward one another, in word or deed, that they desire to do 
everything possible which may tend to prevent offences, which to our sorrow have 
too long existed among us, through bitter treatment and unfriendly dealings; that 
each will strive to be first in seeking to forgive in a fraternal and fatherly way, and 
to cover all evil deeds with the mantle of charity, and bring them no more to mind; 
that peace may be restored and love be incited, augmented and confirmed; and in 
proof of our sincerity of heart herein to give one another the brotherly hand in the 
presence of the Coetus of New York, now in session; and in the solemn presence of 
the Omnipresent and Omniscient God, revcrenily and with the prayer that the Lord 
by His grace may strengthen each one so to do, to respond to this precious obliga- 
tion, even as by their signatures, they hereby certify that they have given one 
another the fraternal hand:— 



1753 



1752 



3314 Ecclesiastical Records 

AND IN PARTICULAR, we JOHN ARONDEDS and ULPIANUS VAN SIN- 
DEREN, do promise, that as pastors on Long Island, we will endeavor each to be 
faithful in his office and ministry, to support and assist each other as much as 
possible in any distress, together with our Consistory, exhibiting to each other all 
proper esteem and love, and promoting the welfare of the united congregations 
placed under our oversight: 

Even so, we also, THE ELDERS AND DEACONS, do promise that we, each in 
our office and relation to one another, and to our pastors, John Arondeus and 
Ulpianus Van Sinderin, will show all proper esteem and love, not only to promote 
the welfare of our churches by seeking that each one, respectively, shall contribute 
his quota, that henceforth each minister shall receive his salary at the appointed 
time; but also that all arrearages shall be paid to Rev. Van Sinderen: 

So also ALL OP US TOGETHER, MINISTERS, ELDERS AND DEACONS, will, 
with the congregations unite ourselves with the Coetus, asliing to be recognized by 
them and admitted as members of that Body, acknowledging also by these presents 
that Rev. Coetus has acted in all this business only according to the instructions of 
the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; and the Rev. Classis is hereby heartily thanked for 
all the efforts put forth by her in this business; and we pray that God will accept 
atonement for all our transgressions in the precious blood of the Mediator of the 
Covenant, Jesus Christ; that He will cause Zion to be built up everywhere, and 
especially in our midst; that its overseers may be peaceful and its leaders upright; 
that its priests may be clothed with salvation and all the saints shout aloud with 
joy! Amen! 

In token of our sincerity of heart, we the undersigned ratify the above by our 
signatures. 

Pastors. 1 Of the Associated churches 

Elders. !- 

Deacons. J on Long Island. 

Done in our Coetus Assembly in New York, 

Signed by, President. 

Clerk. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. John Arondeus, Dec. 5, 1Y52. 

Vol. 30, page — , m. 165. 

To Rev. John Arondeus. 

Rev. Sir and Brother: — 

]Srot long ago we received information as to what had been done 
in regard to you in the Meetings of the Coetus in September and 
October 1751, and in April, 1Y52. Besides this we have received 
an elaborate communication from the Committee of the five asso- 
ciated congregations, which represent themselves as your friends, 
and who intercede in your behalf. They have therefore prevailed 
upon us to examine anew all the accounts concerning you which 
we have received from time to time. The result is, that having 
diligently pondered everything, we find abundance of reason for 
praising the long-suffering of Coetus as well as of their Committee 



OP THE State of New York. 3315 

1752 

toward you, and also for approving their final sentence pronounced 
April 16, 1752. 

J^otwithstanding all this, taking into account your own sad 
circumstances, and fearing the misfortunes which may result, even 
the complete destruction of the churches on Long Island, we are 
willing to make one more, but last attempt, to learn whether some 
way may not be discoverable for the restoration of peace with your 
retention. To this end we have made knowa our suggestions to 
the Rev. Coetus as to the course to be taken. They will no doubt 
present the plan to you in our name. We hope you will submit 
yourself to its requirements, in the fear of God; that you will 
make confession before the Rev. Coetus of your misconduct; that 
you will become sincerely reconciled with Rev, Van Sinderen and 
his friends; that you will associate yourself with him as your 
brother in office, in peace and fellowship ; and that you will 
earnestly exhort your adherents and prevail upon them, to do 
everything that may tend to the restoration of peace in all good 
faith. 

We hope that you will look upon this our action as a convincing 
proof of our kind intentions, as long as possible, to save you. You 
have our sympathy in your condition, which is one to be pitied ; 
and we trust that you will hereby be convinced of our great 
leniency in your case. According to your deserts and all Church 
Order, we might at once and finally, have given our judgment 
upon you, for rejecting our advice, and for the very offensive 
and unjustifiable conduct of which you were guilty in a previous 
communication in opposition to us, or our Deputies, who wrote 
in our name; but instead of this, we employed every means to 
bring your affairs into a better condition. . We therefore now 
admonish and beseech you to be moved by these present measures 
taken by us, by all the circumstances and the importance of the 
business, and carefully to examine your own heart. Reflect upon 
the harmful and sinful ways you have pursued from time to time, 
and confess them with shame before the Lord. Seek reconciliation 
in the atoning blood of Emanual. Pray for grace, that you may 
be enabled to wipe out the offences you have given by the con- 



1752 



3316 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

fession of your guilt, and avoid such in the future by a friendly, 
prudent, moderate and Christian walk, that the name of God may 
not be blasphemed by reason of you. 

Let this our counsel, dear Brother, be pleasing to you. It is 
the last thing we can do. If you receive it, you will realize, here^ 
after, that both ourselves and the Rev. Coetus have, been very 
lenient and long-suffering toward you, and have made more con- 
cessions to you than you had a right to expect — just reflect whether 
it would not be far better for you to live with your brethren in 
unison, laboring for the welfare of God's Church, and preventing 
evils therein; rather than to augment and perpetuate strifes, 
through impenitence and refusal to confess ; thus ruining yourself 
by making yourself unfit for any service in the Church of God. 
For ourselves, we would tremble at such a thing and run no risk 
therein. 

We now think we have done our duty toward you, and leave the 
matter with the Lord. ^Ye pray that He may have mercy on you, 
and move you and all contentious brethren to peace. May discord 
be banished and delightful harmony come in its place among those 
churches so sadly rent asunder; and may that part of Zion be 
constituted a glory in the earth. 

We are with prayer for a blessing upon you. 

Signed as above. 
In our Classical Assembly, December 5, 1752. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Ulpianus Van Sinderen, 

Dec. 5, 1752, Vol. 30, page — , No. 156. (166 ?) 

To Rev. Ulpianus Van Sinderen. 

Worthy Sir and Brother : — 

The long continued and shameful disputes on Long Island, 
which have been made known to us from time to time, touch our 
hearts. We are especially gTieved with the last accounts, which 
show only too plainly that there is reason to fear complete de- 
struction of the churches. This leads us to make one more attempt 



OP THE State op New York. 3317 

1752 
to see whether some way cannot be devised to restore peace and 
at the same time save Eev. Arondeus. We have communicated 
our suggestions on this matter to the Rev. Coetus, hoping they 
will meet with their approval. We also most earnestly request 
and exhort you to agTee to our plans, which we think most likely 
to restore peace and promote the welfare of the Church of God. 
We hope you will willingly declare before the Rev. Coetus that 
you will persevere in your promises and confession publicly made 
before the church, and which were satisfactory to the Committee 
of the Coetus. Such a declaration is only to be a confirmation of 
what has already been done. We also earnestly pray and even 
beseech you that you not only reconcile yourself to Rev. Arondeus, 
provide he make confession of his misconduct, but that you will 
not object but consent that he be again called as your colleague; 
and that you use your influence to lead those who are opposed to 
Arondeus to agree thereto. 

It is indeed time, that you yourself and many members of the 
congregation have many complaints against Rev. Arondeus, and 
we are forced to admit that his conduct is greatly to be reprobated. 
But let not this, Dear Brother, prevent you from accepting him 
as your brother and colleague if he repents and confesses his mis- 
conduct We take the liberty to coimsel you and exhort you to 
do this. Only think how eminently befitting it would be for one 
who professes to accept the doctrines of Christ, and who is a leader 
in God's house, to show himself ready, when ill-treat-ed by his 
brother, to forgive him, when he repents. How else can we expect 
to find forgiveness of God, in Christ ? And then also, when you 
consider your own conduct, and examine your own ways, you will 
not deny that you too, have given some evidences of a lack of that 
brotherly, Christian love and wise discretion which you ought to 
have exhibited. If, therefore, you are guilty before God, ought 
you not to make a confession to God, and willingly forgive your 
brother, thus doing unto him as you would have him do unto you. 
And then remember also that if matters continue as they are, you 
can expect nothing else than harm to yourself. For will that large 
number who declare themselves in favor of calling Rev. Arondeus, 



3318 Ecclesiastical Records 

and who are a majority of the congregation, be willing to pay you 
your part of the salary ? But especially let this weigh upon your 
conscience — the danger of further misfortunes which may be 
expected from such contentions, with the fear of an irremediable 
schism of the churches, resulting in their complete destruction. 
But the way to prevent these evils is still open. How greatly will 
it hereafter tend toward the quietude of your own conscience, and 
your joy of heart, if you should now, as far as possible, co-operate 
toward the restoration of peace and unity? These are not only 
lovely in themselves, but God has promised his own rich blessing 
upon them. But if the way to peace is once closed, and these 
great evils follow, what accusations will not conscience give, when 
it is too late to remedy matters. We request and even beseech 
you to consider well this point, and act with love for the welfare 
of God's Church, and to the glory of God's great name. Ponder 
these things earnestly and honestly in the fear of the Lord. Leave 
nothing undone which may serve to restore the peace now so 
greatly disturbed; and inculcate the same sentiments upon your 
friends and acquaintances with all fidelity. 

May the Lord be with you in this business, and incline your 
heart to do that which is well-pleasing in his sight. May He so 
control these affairs in his great mercy, that we may soon receive 
the good tidings that the congregations, so long at variance, are 
growing in edification and have peace; that they are walking in 
the fear of the Lord and abounding in the consolations of the Holy 
Spirit. That the God of Peace may be vtdth you to the end, is 
our wish. We call ourselves, with all esteem. 

Your Brethren, 

Signed as above. 
In Classis, 

Amsterdam, Dec. 5, 1752. 



OF THE State op New York. 3319 

Acts of the Classes of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdana to (the friends of Arondeus in) the 
five associated churches of Long Island, Dec. 5, 1752. Vol. 80, 
page — , No. 167. 

To the Committee of the Five Associated Congregations on Long 

Island. 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren: — 

In the month of August last we received a letter from New 
York, dated June 15, 1752, signed by John Lott and others, who 
wrote in the capacity of a Committee of the Five Associated 
Churches of Kings County, L. I. We answer you in your official 
capacity. We therefore expect you to communicate this letter to 
those in whose name and by whose authority you wrote us, and 
to make the contents of our note as acceptable as possible unto them. 
Our former letters to you as well as to others are sufficient proofs 
that the shamful disputes on Long Island have deeply touched 
our hearts. You know we have spared no trouble to do everything 
in our power, by which our counsel, to restore peace and extin- 
guish the flame of animosity. It pains us exceedingly that the 
attempts of the Rev. Coetus in Oct. 1751, and of their Committee 
on this business, in Nov. 1751, were fruitless. And we have 
good reason to lament that Rev. Arondeus did not agree to make, 
in that penitential sermon which he was to preach, the confession 
which was required of him. 

Although we have approved the comparatively mild infliction 
of the sentence pronounced against Rev. Arondeus by Rev. Coetus, 
and have notified the Coetus accordingly; we have, nevertheless, 
in fear of greater troubles which might entirely destroy the con- 
gregations, and to show that we give proper consideration to your 
complaints of June 15, suggested in the Rev. Coetus a certain 
plan, by which they may make one last effort for the restoration 
of peace. We hope the Rev. Coetus will give heed to our proposal 
and try every means to promote the welfare of that church. This 
missive, therefore, is intended to exhort you too, most earnestly, 
yea to beseech you, to allow yourselves to be prevailed upon to 



1752 



1752 



3320 Ecclesiastical Records 

co-operate with the plan of the Coetus, according to our counsel, 
and cordially to accept it; and as jou have joined yourselves to 
that body, that you persevere therein. 

Our plan is intended to bring about a reconciliation betvs^een 
the opposing parties, and to prepare the way for Rev. Arondeus 
to receive a call among you, provided he show proper sorrow for 
his misconduct; that he may administer the holy office, as col- 
league with Rev. Van Sinderen, in the five associated congrega- 
tions, in common love and concord. This plan we trust you will 
not refuse, but eagerly accept. You certainly make profession 
that you wish to be reconciled. But to this end it is necessary 
that both parties forgive one anotlier heartily their offences against 
each other. We also observe with satisfaction, that you acknowl- 
edge that you did not conduct yourselves properly toward us in a 
former letter, and that our censure upon you therefore was just; 
and you requested pardon of us, and promised to conduct your- 
selves more prudently thereafter. ISTow as we gladly depend on 
that confession and promise of yours to us, so it seems to us there 
is nothing more befitting than, that the opposing parties by the 
plan proposed by us, should make confession and promises to each 
other, and mutually forgive each other and be reconciled. 

The Rev. Van Sinderen has taken the initiative therein, and 
perseveres in the same. He submits himself to our advice and 
exhortations. The further inquiry into your complaints against 
him can therefore be of no profit. It would only stir up new 
disputes, leading him, perhaps, to express new complaints against 
Rev. Arondeus and yourselves. What advantage, therefore, could 
accrue? You and the adherents of Rev. Arondeus repeatedly 
declared in the Coetus of Oct. 16, 1751, that they wished to be 
reconciled to Rev. Van Sinderen and were willing to consider 
him as a lawful minister, as soon as he and his friends were 
willing to unite in calling Rev. Arondeus ; when all charges against 
Rev. Van Sinderen were to be dropped. I^evertheless, the Minutes 
of Rev. Coetus of Oct. 16, 1751, §§ 6, 8, 9, show us that the 
complaints brought against Rev. Van Sinderen were taken into 
consideration, l^ow for this very reason we must express our 



OF THE State of New York. 3321 

astoniskment at the representations in your letter, that these com- 
plaints were onlj cursorily listened to, and only some general 
remarks had been made about them. But the Minutes of the 
Coetus show that this matter was repeatedly deliberated on. We 
cannot see that you have any well-grounded pretext for refusing 
to pay Rev. Yan Sinderen his salary, and to which you remain 
bound by your sigTiatures to his call. Those who decline are 
nevertheless obliged to do this, as long as Rev. Van Sinderin is 
and remains their lawful pastor. As such. Rev. Coetus and our- 
selves recogTiize him. It has never been shown to us that Rev. Yan 
Sinderen did not wish to be your pastor, or that he had been law- 
fully dismissed. It may very likely be true that in grief over so 
many disputes he may have been led to say that he wished he had 
some other congregation, or that you might better have another 
pastor. But such expressions, uttered in sadness of heart, do 
not dismiss a pastor from his congregation, nor relieve those who 
have called him from their obligations to pay him continuously 
his salary. 

Meantime, many things might have already been brought to a 
settlement if Rev. Arondeus had sincerely made confession in 
his penitential sermon, according to the articles drawn up in 
Classis. There was nothing required of him to which he could 
properly object. His unlawful running about from one congre- 
gation to another, which has given abundant occasion for offence, 
militates so greatly against all Church Order, that he who is 
guilty of such a thing has double reason to humble himself and 
make confession both to God and man. At his refusal to do this 
both the Committee and Coetus had a perfect right to find fault. 
And now we hope that you, instead of restraining him from this 
duty, or of insisting on some concession in reference to his con- 
fession, will, on the contrary earnestly exhort Rev. Arondeus, as 
his friends, to make due satisfaction before Coetus. If not, we 
can no longer trouble ourselves about this affair. 

Behold then, Men and Brethren, our decision. This is the only 
way we can devise for the prevention of further evils; for the 
preservation of the church against utter ruin; and for the extinc- 



3322 Ecclesiastical Records 

tion of these violent flames of contention. Brethren, while you 

now have the opportunity, make peace; lest when it is too late 

you may have reason to utter loud complaints, and must carry 

with you an accusing conscience. Confess your faults to one 

another as well as to God ; seek atonement for all your sins in the 

blood of Jesus. The God of Peace incline your hearts and the 

hearts of all those involved in these contentions, unto peace, and 

to the performance of that which is well-pleasing to Him. May 

He grant that the Gospel of Peace may be proclaimed in peace 

among you, all quarrels and discords being banished from your 

midst Be of one mind, live in peace, and the God of Love and 

Peace will be with you. 

We sign ourselves. 

Signed as above. 
In Classis, 

Amsterdam, Dec. 5th, 1752. 

Acts of the Classes of Amstekdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the friends of Rev. Van Sinderen, 
Dec. 5, 1752. Vol. 30, page — , :N"o. 168. 

To the Friends of Rev. Van Sinderen : 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren : — 

From the Minutes of Coetus of Oct. 16, 1751, § 2, we perceive 
that Rev. Van Sinderen with Abraham Lett as elder, from their 
congregations, and B. Ryder of Gravesend, brought in their rea- 
sons against the call upon Rev. Arondeus. There was signatures 
to this end from each of the six congregations, representing 158 
heads of families. There was also sent us a copy of this paper. 
This indeed was not signed nor authenticated in any way, but we 
take it for gTanted that it is genuine. And inasmuch as it begins 
with the following words : " We the Consistory and full govern- 
ment of the Church of Jesus Christ in Kings County, with the 
other members " — We therefore suppose that these gentlemen have 
acted in the name of the churches of which they style themselves 
the delegates. On this presumption we now address you, with the 



OP THE State op New York. 3323 

request that you not only communicate the contents of our letter 
to the members of the church, but make it known as far as pos- 
sible, and also urge compliance therewith. 

That these bitter disputes on Long Island deeply pain our 
hearts you already understand from all the trouble which we have 
taken, with our instructions and letters, to bring about peace, and 
extinguish these flames of discord. It grieves us beyond expres- 
sion that the attempts of Kev. Coetus in Oct. 1751, and of their 
Committee on this business, in I^ov. 1751, (according to our advice 
and decision of March 2, 1751), have been utterly fruitless. And 
although we have approved and ratified the decision of the Coetus 
of April 16th 1Y52, and have notified the Assembly thereof to-day; 
nevertheless from the apprehension of still greater evils which 
might ensue, even to the destruction of the churches; and in con- 
sideration of the complaints made to us by the friends of Rev. 
Arondeus, we have suggested to the Coetus certain measures, and 
urge them to make one more final effort to bring about a restora- 
tion of good feeling. Now even as we expect Rev. Coetus to give 
heed to our suggestion ; so hereby we lovingly request you, as well 
as earnestly admonish and beseech you, for the accomplishment 
of this object, to be prevailed upon to co-operate. Listen to the 
proposal which the Coetus will make by our advice, and cordially 
embrace it; and as you have joined the Coetus already, persevere 
in such relationship. 

Our proposal is designed to bring about a reconsiliation between 
the opposing parties, by paving the way toward a call among you 
upon Rev. Arondeus, after he makes a confession of sorrow for 
his misconduct. He will then fulfill the ministry, in conjunction 
with Rev. Van Sinderen as coUeagTie, among the associated 
churches, in mutual love and concord. It is no special or extrava- 
gant love for Rev. Arondeus which leads us to make this proposal ; 
it is rather a deep love for the associated, or shall we say lamenta- 
bly divided, congregations. We sincerely desire to prevent the 
entire destruction of these congregations, which we greatly fear, 
and to serve truly the best interests of the greatest number. 
67 



1752 



175S 



3324 Ecclesiastical Records 

The paper presented to Coetus by you contains certain expres- 
:ions which show us that the real welfare of the congregations lies 
jpon your hearts. This is agreeable to us. But this same docu- 
nent also warrants us in extending to you some friendly counsel. 
vVe trust that you will reconsider the matter most carefully, and 
■emember that, not seldom, it happens that people are not wise 
in their own affairs, especially in disputes and disagreements; 
and that yielding to those who are disinterested personally often 
proves to be the wholesome course. We acknowledge that the rea- 
sons brought forward by you against the calling of Rev. Arondeus, 
deserve to be taken into most serious account. We have come to 
the same conclusion, and we can only praise you for not thought- 
lessly proceeding to give him a call. But then, consider. Worthy 
Brethren, whether a good deal has not also been done on your 
part, in this dispute, which is really worthy of blame ? Have you 
not sometimes shown some sinful passion and unholy zeal, whereby 
the strife and alienation have been aggravated? whereby Rev. 
Arondeus and his friends have been embittered ? And has not 
such conduct on your part sometimes become a rock of offence at 
which they stumble? at which they have allowed themselves to be 
carried away to uncharitable treatment of you? In so far, you 
also are more or less guilty; but this we leave to your own con- 
science for a decision, in the fear of the Lord. How necessary 
is it, therefore, not only to seek forgiveness from God for one's 
self, but also cordially to forgive one's brother, however greatly 
he has wronged you, (especially if we have likewise offended him), 
when he confesses it and exhibits sorrow for the same. 

Ponder whether this ought not to be the course for you to take, 
Brethren. The numbers against the call are by no means few 
nor insignificant in our eyes; but then, also, the numbers who 
would retain Rev. Arondeus, if he make confession, are still 
greater. Must not the majority decide? What congregation or 
assembly, what church or civil society could continue to exist, 
if each stood immovably upon his position? If the minority sets 
itself against the majority; and that, contrary to the advice and 
instruction of those to whose judgement and sentence the matter 



OF THE State of New York. 3325 

1752 

has been referred; — if such a course is pursued, who would take 
the trouble to deal with matters in dispute in order to remove 
them ? We know of no better way than the one now proposed to 
move Rev. Arondeus to a true reformation of his conduct, and at 
the same time to save the church. Should he, as we earnestly 
hope, by our common long-suffering with him, be brought to a 
better state of mind, and the flames of contention quenched, with 
peace restored; how pleasant would be your peace of conscience 
at such results, and how great will your satisfaction be! But if 
our counsels make no impression, we foresee only evils and mis- 
eries, with a complete scattering of several congregations; and 
what else can you expect from such things, than grief and remorse 
when it is beyond your power to remedy matters. Have compas- 
sion therefore upon the unhappy Eev. Arondeus, and the pitiable 
condition of your churches, which call upon you to prevent, as 
speedily as possible, their ruin. Men and Brethren, be disposed 
to make and consummate a Christian peace. It is never too late 
to do this and be reconciled with one another if we would possess 
peace of conscience and atonement with God in Jesus Christ. Do 
not reject our counsel, Brethren. Take counsel of the Rev. Coetus 
and submit yourselves to them in whatever they propose to you 
in our name. Take counsel of the Lord, and act in this matter 
as you will wish you had acted, in that Great Day. 

And now, Brethren, we, who were obliged to act in this way to 
satisfy our own consciences, commend you to Him who is able to 
incline your hearts to that which is well-pleasing in His sight. 
May He move you to follow our advice in love, and cause light 
to come forth out of darkness. May He not deal with you accord- 
ing to your sins, nor reward the churches according to their in- 
iquities, but cast all your sins in the depths of the sea. May He 
graciously grant that the churches may rejoice in peace, and of 
those congTegations which are now to be described as Marah, — 

bitterness, — that " The Lord is there." ( ) 

Signed as above. 
Amsterdam, 

Dec. 5, 1752. 



3326 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

Tlie Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. T. Frelinghuysen, Dec. 5, 1Y52. 
Vol. 30, page — , No. 169. 
To Rev. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany, 
Worthy Sir and Brother: — 

After answering your letter of May 1st 1751 in the beginning 
of September, 1752, and which letter of ours we trust, was deliv- 
ered to you by your brother, we received your subsequent com- 
munication dated June 23, 1752. From this we perceive with 
chagrin the distempers in the church of Claverack. You ask the 
question whether we recognize Rev. Van Hoevenberg as a lawful 
minister in the Province of JSTew York. This question is based 
on a document from three members of the Coetus, which says that, 
for weighty reasons we will in no wise trouble ourselves further 
about that gentleman. We wish that you had consulted on this 
matter the Rev. Coetus of IsTew York, which is better able than 
ourselves to judge of the circumstances concerning the church of 
Claverack, and which would not have refrained from giving you 
suitable advice. As it is, we have only little to reply. We fully 
recognize Rev. Van Hoevenberg as a minister in Surinam, but 
not in the Province of ISTew York, since no dismission from his 
ministry in Surinam has been brought before us. Further, we 
cannot at present say anything more about that gentleman. We 
wish you all wisdom and light to guide your judgement, to enable 
you to preserve peace, and to quiet the distempers which have 
arisen, in order that the Kingdom of Christ may break forth with 
power not only in your own church but in many others. We are 
with all esteem. 

Signed as above. 
In Classis at Amsterdam, 

Dec. 5, 1752. 



OF THE State op New York. 3327 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to tlie Consistory of EJiinebeck, 
Dee. 5, 1752. Vol. 30, page — , ¥o. 170. 

To the Worthy Consistory of Lower Rhinebeck on the Flats, 

Worthy Sirs and Brethren : — 

We received your letter of Feb. 26 of the present year (1752) 
a few days ago. This contained the announcement that you had 
called Rev. E. T. van Hoevenberg as your pastor, formerly pastor 
at Paramaribo in Surinam. You request a copy of his dismission 
from there, as well as a certificate of his examination and call to 
Surinam. We reply : 

1. That Ilev. Eggo Tonkens van Hoevenberg was selected in 
1'74:3 by the ISToble and Honorable Gentlemen of the Society of 
Surinam, and was by us called ecclesiastically to become pastor 
at Surinam. He was then examined by us for ordination and 
properly qualified and ordained on April 1st 1743. This declara- 
tion we deem sufficient to stop the mouths of those who deny his 
lawful call and ordination as minister to Surinam. 

2. As to your request for his ecclesiastical dismission and that 
he might be transferred to you, we reply: That the Consistory 
calling Rev. van Hoevenberg and desiring him as their pastor is 
obliged according to the Church Order to obtain the dismission 
and proper certificate as to his doctrine and walk from the worthy 
Consistory of Parimaribo in Surinam. This is not only because 
that Consistory is best qualified to do such a thing, but also because 
custom requires that a dismissal from the Consistory must precede 
action by the Classis. 

We trust that the God of peace may dwell among you ; that all 

things among you may be done among you in good order and to 

general edification, and that many among you may be added to the 

Church of such as shall be saved. With all esteem, 

Signed as above. 
Amsterdam, Dec. 5, 1752. 



1752 



3328 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to tlie Consistory of Claverack, 
Dec. 5, 1752. Vol. 30, page — , No. 171. 

To the Elders at Claverack : 

Worthy Brethren : — 

We received your letter of Feb. 24, 1752, a few days ago. We 
learn therefrom with sorrow of the disturbances which have arisen 
among yon in connection with Rev. van Hoevenberg. We wish 
you had referred yourself to the Coetus of !N^ew York, which would 
not have refused advice to you, and would also be in better con- 
dition to judge of your affairs than we. However, to comply with 
your request so far as possible we reply : 

1. That Rev. E. T. van Hoevenberg in 1743, on the selection 
of the Hon. Gentlemen of the Society of Surinam, was called to 
be pastor in Surinam ; that he was examined for ordination by us 
and qualified and ordained on April 1st, 1743. 

2. Whether he was forbidden the pulpit in Surinam, you may 
inquire of those there. 

3. We have never forbidden him the pulpit nor the adminis- 
tration of the sacraments. 

4. In reference to the fourth question, Whether or not you did 
right, and to which you desire a straightforward answer, and not 
to quibble about the meaning — we say that the question is obscure, 
and it is very difficult to answer clearly and plainly an obscure 
question. 

(1) If the question is — Whether you have done right in allow- 
ing Rev. van Hoevenberg to administer the sacraments in a single 
instance, we answer: It is no crime to allow a minister who is 
elsewhere in service, if nothing is known to his injury, to occupy 
the pulpit and administer the sacraments. 

(2) But if the question is. Whether it is right to employ per- 
manently, for the proclamation of the Gospel and the administra- 
tion of the sacraments, a minister of another congregation, we 
must answer that, according to Church Order, this may not be 
dona Such minister must first be provided with a proper dis- 



OF THE State of New York. 3329 

missal and testimonial of commendation. This must be obtained 
in this case, from Surinam, by the worthy Consistory which now 
desires him as their pastor. 

We hope you will use all proper prudence in this, in order to 
do all things according to good Church Order, that all discord 
may be avoided and peace and edification be preserved. The God 
of Peace be with you. We are with all esteem, 

Signed as abova 
In Classis, Amsterdam, Dec. 5, 1752. 

[The last letter in Vol. 30.] 

CoEEESPONDEISrCE FROM AmEKICA. 

.The Committee, Eevs. Haeghoort, Goetschius and Verbryck, to 
the Classis of Amsterdam, Dec. 6, 1752, IST. S,, on the Muzelius 
case at Tappan. Vol. xxiii. 299-305. Reference xxiv. 16. 

[See March 3, 1753.] 

Portfolio " !N'ew York ", Vol. ii. 

Very Rev. Classical Assembly, Much Beloved Fathers and Brethren in Christ 
Jesus:— 

The critical condition of the church at Tappan, caused by the singular obstinacy 
of Rev. Muzelius, obliges us to give to your Revs., a second time, an account of our 
very troublesome church affairs. It may be known to your Revs, by this time that 
Rev. Muzelius was, by direction of the Coetus, made a minister emeritus at Tappan 
on the 21st of February, 1750. This was done with a view, probably, of saving his 
Rev. as well as the church. But alas! one sees now that the mild measures did not 
have the desired effect. Rev. Muzelius behaves in such a hot-headed way, that, at 
the two meetings of the Coetus last held, the church brought in very grave com- 
plaints against him, so that the Rev. Coetus deemed it necessary to ask the 
neighboring ministers to help the church in its need. 

We, therefore, in conscience bound to prevent, to the extent of our little ability, 
all faction and offenses in the churches, have now for two days been occupied with 
these affairs so painful to us. Having carefully investigated everything, in an 
impartial spirit and in the fear of God, and fervently praying for the Lord's assist- 
ance and blessing, we cannot find otherwise than what we hereby, with all sub- 
mission, report to your Revs. 

After Rev. Muzelius was made emeritus, he not only went back to his former 
habitual drunkenness, which was very offensive, and to his irreligious ways, but he 
also continues to create great and serious factions in the church. This he does by 
preaching and baptizing children in private localities, although most kindly and 
fraternally exhorted and warned by the local consistory and minister, and many a 
time also by the Rev. Coetus not to do this. Not more than twice in two years and 
more, has he been seen in attendance at public worship. Yet the Rev. Coetus 
charged him to lead a life in the observance of the duties of religion as v/ell as a 
godly life, as an orderly member of the church ought to do. Nevertheless, he does 
not cease insulting the consistories and ministers by word and deed. Before he left 
{his office) he caused the church great loss, by burning up, or breaking down, or 
otherwise damaging the fence about the church-land, the house, and the barn. Yes- 
terday we kindly summoned him to appear before our committee (lit. assembly) to 
present the complaint he made to the Coetus last year; and to defend himself 



1752 



3330 Ecclesiastical Records 

against the ac«usations which the consistory and the church had brought against 
him. But he sent our messenger bacls with a taunting reply, and refused to come to 
any understanding with us, or with the Rev. Coetus. Also, several weeks ago, with 
the help of his brothers-in-law, who belong to the Church of England, he had the 
elders (of Tappen) who were in office three years ago, arrested by civil authority. All 
these circumstances have been proved to us on the indisputable testimony of ear 
and eye witnesses. The factions, the offenses and the disturbances in the church 
are so great and flagrant — even to the extent that the newly chosen elders are afraid 
of letting themselves be installed; and many threaten to leave the church— that, if 
a speedy remedy be not applied, nothing else is to be expected than the total 
destruction of the Tappan church; and also, that even other churches of God in our 
vicinity, as on Long Island, will vanish as in a flame of fire. 

The decision, to which we had of necessity to come, we herewith, by an official 
copy enclosed, lay before your Revs. We have also informed Rev. Muzelius, in 
writing, of the same. We hope and expect that your Revs, will continue to take 
pity on, and care for the churches in this sad condition in which they find them- 
selves in these regions. Here so many ministers and churches are groaning under 
encroachments and factions. Do not disregard the heavy and painful labor of the 
co-workers of your Revs.; but punish the disobedient waster of the flock as well as 
his followers, in such a way as. In your Revs.' discerning judgement, the case may 
require; and thus save us, miserable ones. 

May it please your Revs, to reply to this letter as soon as possible. The Lord 
bless your Revs.' Assembly, ministry, persons and families! 

Very Reverend Sirs, and Respected Fathers and Brethren in Christ, We sign our- 
selves. Your willing servants, 

Gerard Haeghoort, Eccl. at Second River, Praeses. 
J. H. Goetschius, Eccl. at Hackensack, h. t. Scriba. 
Saml. Verbryck, Quod attestor, V. D. M., and eccl. loci. 
Tappan, 

at the house of 

Isac Blauwenveld, 

Dec. 6, 1752. N. S. 



Finding of tke above Committee on the case of Muzelius. 
Portfolio " ITew York ", Vol. ii. Extracts, Vol. xxiii ; 304-5. 

Tappan, at the house of Isack Blauvelt, Dec. 6, 1752. 

The Assembly, after having most carefully considered everything in the fear of 
the Lord, did by unanimous consent resolve: — 

1. That Frederick Muzelius be hereafter no longer recognized as a minister 
emeritus, but be declared unworthy of that honor. 

2. That, in case Muzelius does not submit to this resolution, and cease creating 
divisions in the church, by his preaching and baptizing in private houses and else- 
where, as well as by his offensive conduct, that then the consistory of Tappan shall 
punish him, as an unworthy member of the church, with ecclesiastical excommuni- 
cation, according to Church Order.* 

3. That the consistory exhort, in a fraternal spirit, the insubordinate members, as 
well as others, to return to the church; and warn them that, if they remain obsti- 
nate, the consistory will deal with them also according to the church discipline. 

4. That, although Muzelius has, by his factious spirit and misconduct while 
emeritus, hindered the voluntary support of himself by the church, we, neverthe- 
less, recommend him to the benevolence of the church. 

5. That 'in reference to the third quarterly payment, it is agreed to refer to the 
Rev. Coetus the question, whether the consistory did not pay the balance of 
Muzelius' salary, according to the purpose and instruction of the Coetus? 

♦Article 76, of Church Rules of Dort, 1618-19 read; "But no person" (1. e. member 
of the Church) "shall be excommunicated without the previous advice of the 
Classis." Art. 79, reads; "But the ministers shall be suspended" (by the Con- 
sistory) "and it shall be left to the decision of the Classis whether they shall be 
wholly deposed or not." 



OF THE State of New York, 3331 

It was resolved to inform the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, at the earliest oppor- 
tunity, of this matter, as it has come before us, and also to the Rev. CJoetus. 

Gerard Haeghoort, Praeses. 
J. H. Goetschius 
Benj. Van der Linde, V. D. M. 
Allebartis Terhuyn, elder at Paramus. 
Simon Demarest, elder at Schraelenburg. 

Churches of Kings County, N. Y. Claims of certain parties to 
be the legal Consistory. ISTo date. Probably 1752. 

Portfolio " Kew York ", Vol. ii. 

Additional Document, showing that we (the undersigned) are the old legal consis- 
tory. The facts, Very Rev. Sirs, are as follows: 

1. From the village of Flakkebosch (Flatbush) three of the elders in that consis- 
tory were on our side, namely, Philip Nagel, Dominicus Van der Veere, Jan 
Waldron. Consequently there was but one for and with Van Sinderen. The four 
deacons, all on our side, namely, Jeremias Van der Bilt, Gerrit Van Duim, Aris 
Murfie, Johannis Hoogland. 

2. From the village of Breukelen the elders were all on our side. Their names 
are Jurrie Bluis, Jacobus Leffertse, Rem Remse, Jacob Remse. Of the deacons, 
three were with us, namely; Jan Couwenhoven, Jan Suddam, Yerominus Rappalje. 
So there was but one for Van Sinderen. 

3. From the village, called de Baay or Nieuw Amersfoort, which has but three 
elders and three deacons, two elders were with us; namely, Hermanus Hoogland 
and Raelot Voorhees; and two deacons, Abraham Voorhees and Wilhelmus Stoothof. 
So there were but two for Van Sinderen. 

4. From the village of Boswyck (Bushwyck) there were on our side three elders, 
namely, Folkert Folkertse, Daniel Bodet and Joris Van Alst; and only one with Van 
Sinderen; also three deacons: Roelof Broeka, Abr. Gorschow (Kershow) and Jan 
Couenhoven; and so but one deacon, again, with Van Sinderen. 

5. From the village of New Utrecht, where are three elders and three deacons, the 
elders are all with us: namely, Nicholaes Van Brunt, Gerrit Van Duin, Rutgert Van 
Brunt, Junior; and of the deacons, one was on our side, by the name of Joris Lot. 

Thus you see the proof. Sirs, that the consistory, which has again called Rev. 
Arondeus, is the old and legal consistory. They took action by a majority of votes, 
although Van Sinderen refused to sit with us when we called Arondeus. And this 
is the consistory which has continued from time to time and still exists by legal 
succession. Whence then has Van Sinderen his consistory? What else is it than a 
consistory gathered up out cf the few that stood by him? And, if these (the under- 
signed) are now also the ones who called Rev. Curtenius, it must follow that he is 
a legal minister among us according to Church Order. 

Philippus Nagel 

Jan Waldron 

Daniel Bodet, once an elder 

Nicholaas Folkersen, elder 

Rutgert Van Brunt, elder 

Roelof Voorhees 

Jacobus Leffertz 

Gerrit Van Duyn, elder 

Jacob Remsen. 



1753 



1753 



3332 Ecclesiastical Records 



The Moravians. 

A Vindication of ttie excellent character of tlie Moravians in New York, against the 
Aspersions of their Enemies, Jan. 4, 1753, by Hon. Wm. Livingston.* 



[Extracts.] 



The Pulpit-Scold is the most despicable Scold in the world. He is a cowardly- 
Scold, that gives his Antagonist no Opportunity of scolding back. From this paper, 
therefore, will I preach against every such Preacher, and make the Press reverber- 
ate the Calumnies of the Pulpit. 

What is the particular Frame and Constitution of the Church of Moravia, I never 
had the Curiosity to enquire; tho' I dare say, if it be replete with idle ridiculous 
Gewgaws, it hath the good Graces of not a few Gentlemen in Black. 

But the Sect distinguished by that Appellation amongst us, I have had the oppor- 
tunity to be a little acquainted with. Of these I form my judgment by their 
Actions, the only Touchstone of a Man's Heart. By their fruit ye shall know them. 
They are such a people as that no Man can get any Thing by their Religion, but 
internal Tranquility, and peace of Conscience, arising from an inviolable Attach- 
ment to the Principles and Precepts of it. They are a plain, open, honest, inoffen- 
sive people: They profess universal Benevolence to all Men, and are irreprehensible 
in their Lives and Conversations: In a Word, their whole Conduct evidences their 
Belief, that the kingdom of Christ is not of this World. Hence it is no wonder, that 
they give Umbrage to those of the Clergy, who beg to be excused, from believing 
that Part of the Gospel, as do but too many of the Priests of all Denominations 
whatever. 

In regard to their religious Principles, it must be owned, they have their peculiar 
Sentiments, which distinguish them from others. But that is saying no more, than 
that they think for themselves, or at least, that they think not like others; and 
Rome Is just as far from Geneva, as Geneva from Borne. For Orthodoxy, as It is com- 
monly used, is a mere levitical Engine, that has done more Mischief to Mankind, 
than all the tyrants that ever ravaged the Globe. Every Man is orthodox to himself, 
and heretical to all the World besides; but that he should therefore be calumniated 
or butchered, the Scripture saith not: Nay, I cannot find, by the Bible Account of 
the last Day, that one Interrogatory will be proposed concerning a Man's Opinion; 
but that every one will be judged according to the Deeds done in the Body. 

As to their Notion about the Unlawfulness of bearing Arms; it is well known, that 
the Fathers, upon whose Authority the Clergy so much rely, when it makes for 
their Interest, were almost universally, as some contend, of the same opinion; and 
had all the World been so. Mankind would not have been plagued with those holy 
Wars, and priestly Massacres, that have so often deluged the Earth with human 
Blood. 

It is indeed astonishing, that Dissenters, who so much, and so justly, magnify the 
Reasonableness of Toleration, when themselves are concerned, should at the same 
time treat as Hereticks, a People whom the Parliament hath acknowledged as good 
Christians; which, perhaps, is more than can be said for any Church in the Province. 

The Religion of the Moravians, is as orthodox as any Religion in the Realm, except 
only with this Difference, that it promises Nothing but Peace of Mind; while some 



*Hon. William Livingston was born at Albany in 1723 and died in 1790. He was 
a celebrated lawyer and patriot. He graduated at Yale College in 1741, and was 
admitted to the bar, 1748, locating in New York. He is noted, among many other 
things, for his ardent opposition to the establishment of a sectarian College m Aew 
York in 1754, by Royal Charter. He argued that it should be established by Act of 
the New York Assembly, and be kept within the control of that body. He was a 
voluminous writer. In 1760 he purchased an estate at Elizabethtown, N. J., and 
removed there in 1772. In 1776 he was elected Governor of New Jersey and held the 
office until 1790, when he died. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention 
in 1787. 



OF THE State of New York. 3333 

others are decorated with Places and preferments, greater Revenues, and better 
Wages. 

Nothing can be more unmannerly, as well as unchristian, than for any Protestant 
Minister, within his Majesty's Dominions, to stigmatize and vilify, a numerous Body 
of People, protected by the same laws, and incorporated under the same Constitu- 
tion with himself: 

—The Independent Reflector, pp. 21, 22, 23. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Examination and ordination of Rev. Appeldoorn and Rev. John 

Schuneman. 

1753^ Jan. 9th. Art. 10, The Deputati Synodi gave their 
reasons for being excused for absence from the examination of 
Rev. Appeldoorn. — (when he preached his sermon) on Rom. 8 :34:, 
Thereupon Appeldoorn was admitted to the final examination. 
Rev. John Schuneman — see Acta of December 5, 1752, Art. 2. — 
preached a sermon on John 3 : 36, " He that believeth on the Son 
hath everlasting life; and he that believeth not the Son shall not 
see life ; but the wrath of God abideth on him ", and was admitted 
to the preparatory and final examination. 

Both gave so much satisfaction that the Assembly not only 
admitted them to the preaching of the Gospel, but also ordained 
them to the public ministry in their respective churches to which 
they had been called. They signed the usual Formulae, and Rev. 
Schuneman also particularly promised to join himself to the 
Coetus of New York. At the next Classis Rev. van den Broek, 
minister at Ouwerkerk, must preside ex ordine. xii. 316. 

Letter to St. John. 

1753, Jan. 9th. Art. 9. A letter to be sent to Rev. Knevels, 
minister at St. John, (West Indies), was approved. The Acta 
of the Synod (of ISTorth Holland) for last year (1752) were also 
to be sent, and to be forwarded to their proper destination, xii. 321. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Revs. Frielinghuysen and Hoevenberg. 

1753, Jan. 12th. § 11. The Rev. Depp, read two letters, one 
from Rev. Hoevenberg and the Consistoiy of Claverack dated 



1753 



3334 Ecclesiastical Records 

Feb. 26, 1752 ; and one from three elders at Claverack, dated Feb. 
24, 1752. Furthermore the said gentlemen read answers to the 
letters of Rev. Frielinghuysen ; to the church at Lower Rhinebeck 
on the Plain ; and to the elders at Claverack. These three answers 
were approved, and shall be forwarded, xii. 315. 

Church of IsTew York. 
Requests of Domine De Rondo. Answer. 

New York, Jan. 25, 1753. 
Consistory held, after calling on God's name. Domine De Ronde presented a 
paper, the contents of which are as follows: 

1. Rev. Sirs and Brethren: It is now nearly two years and a half since I accepted 
the call to be the minister of this church, perceiving the great inclination of the 
congregation toward me and my work. This I did, without making any conditions, 
as I was advised not to suggest any. I freely engaged to do all that stands within 
the call, not doubting but that the affection of the congregation, and the esteem 
borne to me by most of the Consistory, would in due time be shown by actual 
proofs, and by such recompense as was fitting and proper; viz., that I should 
receive a douceur for services rendered here at first, when I was weak and sickly, 
and also my traveling expenses as has always been customary. 

But after being here as minister for two years and a half, and having mentioned 
and explained the reasonableness of this thing to former assemblies and to indi- 
vidual members of the Consistory, I yet perceive that nothing comes of it. The 
matter is suffered to rest, and no presentation of it is made anywhere. Therefore, 
I am obliged after long waiting and well-tried patience, to turn at last to you and 
ask you to take the matter into your consideration. You enjoyed my services with- 
out paying even my traveling expenses from Surinam. I came here at my own cost, 
and after a three-months stay, passed over to you, renouncing my call to Surinam, 
and thus losing my claim on them. These costs, amounting to seventy-five pounds, 
should be repaid me; especially, because, in addition, I had immediately to hire a 
house at my own cost. Thus I lost a good sum, to the great injury of my family, 
while yet in the service of the New York congregation. I, therefore, really think 
that they are under obligations to me In justice, as could be further proved, if it 
were required. 

2. I requested a former Consistory, on Nov. 18, 1751, to provide me a suitable 
dwelling even as the other ministers. I must complain that in this matter nothing 
has been done. A committee was appointed, indeed, to look after a house some- 
where, but they did not have authority to rent such a one as the other ministers 
had, but only such as could be got for thirty pounds. And although that is not 
much in these times, it was good enough for me. Perceiving this, I used my own 
eyes till I found the house I now live in, and asked for it, but was refused. This 
refusal was not by the Consistory, but by some of the elders, and only thirty-six 
pounds were contributed for a house. Thereupon, I said I must seek aid from the 
congregation. This was acquiesced in until I prepared a proposal to obtain the rent 
by subscription. But an elder soon requested that that plan be stopped, and, there- 
fore, thus far, I do not know how it will succeed. The time is at hand for payment, 
and the lease must be renewed, or the house given up. 

3. It now becomes necessary to request you to provide for my dwelling, and not to 
regard me less than my colleagues in this matter; but in these hard times to go 
beyond the thirty pounds and pay the additional amount required for my house, 
namely, twenty pounds and the taxes, two pounds and ten shillings; and hence- 
forth to care for me in the same manner as for my associates. Thus doing, you will 
bind me to the further faithful discharge of my office, and give me no reason to 
perform it with grief, but with satisfaction. This will be the case, if at the first 
opportunity you compensate me and my service by a proper salary. For how other- 
wise can a minister live in these hard times, who is responsible for the important 



OF THE State op New York. 3335 

service entrusted to him? How can he care for his wife and children, as natural 
reason obligates him to do? Yea, how can he meekly and tenderly execute such an 
important function as his if he must make himself entirely insensible to his family's 
welfare? so that men must regard him as either more than human, or else as alto- 
gether inhuman. How can he perform his duties, when he remembers that with his 
death his salary ends? and then, his wife, now during his life so dear to him, and 
his children also must become sad and miserable? Unless, indeed, God, by his 
providence, makes some special provision for them, especially in such times as these, 
when beneficence is so seldom practiced by the majority of men. 

Brethren, is not this so? My heart has often been pierced, and my eyes have 
streamed with tears, when I consider my condition, and how I have been hindered 
in my office, as I doubt not has also been the case with my associates. What, there- 
fore, I ask, is more appropriate, than an increase of salary in these times? Thus 
might we be unincumbered in our work, and have what reason and scripture demand 
from a Christian congregation. See 1 Cor. 9:7-14, compared with Gal. 6:6. 

But if you cannot help, Rev. Brethren, if you cannot spare this for me, or the 
congregation does not care about it, then I shall be constrained, however much 
inclined to exercise my ministry here, to lay down my office among you, and serve 
God's Church elsewhere; for there is no obligation on a minister to serve in the 
Gospel without an adequate compensation, or to be wronged in what equitably 
belongs to him, and, to the injury of his wife and children, minister to a people who 
have no more esteem or practical regard for him. 

Be pleased to take both these things into consideration. Therein, I wish you all 
wisdom, that you may do all things for the benefit and profit of God's Church. 
I remain with all esteem. 

Rev. Sirs and Brethren, 

Your servant and brother in Christ, 

Lambertus De Ronde. 

Answer. 

New York, Jan. 2§, 1753. 

This was immediately taken into consideration by the Consistory. It was decided 
concerning the First Article, that it was not a matter belonging to them, inasmuch 
as it was attended to in domine De Ronde's call. 

As to the Second Article, the Consistory agrees to pay the full rent of his dwelling 
for the current year, amounting to fifty-two pounds ten shillings, although not 
satisfied with his Rev's, mode of renting. For the following year, forty pounds will 
be allowed. 

The Third Article is delayed for further consideration. 

The Consistory further Resolved, to give to domine Ritzema twenty-five pounds to 
make up the amount which he received in the first years of his ministry less than 
his colleagues; provided that he make no further claims. This was agreed to by his 
Rev. 

Actum ut supra. Signed in the name, etc. 

J. Ritzema. 

Church of New York. 
Reply of De Ronde to Consistory's Answer, 

New York, Feb. 1, 1753. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. 

Domine Lambertus De Ronde presented the following reply to the Resolution of 
the Consistory, passed Jan. 25. 

On Article 1. I had thought that the Consistory would have been of a different 
mind concerning this, but I perceive they are not. I think this due me, according 
to my call; but the reason I laid it before you was to obtain from you my traveling 
expenses from Surinam. But since you resolve not to pay them, I will not debate the 
matter, but only ask, if some suitable means cannot be devised to accomplish this 
end, apart from the treasury of the Church. I thus leave it to your consideration. 

On Article 2. I am satisfied with the action of the Consistory. 

On Article 3. I hope that the Consistory as soon as may be, will increase our 
salaries, and so rest with my colleagues. 



1753 



1753 



3336 Ecclesiastical Records 

The Consistory, having considered the foregoing, determined in reference to the 
first point, that if it could be effected, without burdening the Church Treasury, they 
had no objection. 

The second point is ended. 

The third will be attended to as soon as they find themselves able. 

J. Ritzema, p. t. President. 

Correspondence in America. 

Jan Hegeman and Minne Sclienck, (a faction of the churcli of 
Success), to tlie student, Thomas Romeyn, February 3, 1753. 

Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. 

To the Student, 

Mr. Thomas Romeyn. 

Mynheer: Each of us, the undersigned, representing the consistories of the church 
of Queens, named below, have understood that your Rev. has, under the direction of 
Mr. Johannes Frelinghuysen, accepted a call to Oyster Bay and, in part, Jamaica; 
and, as we are informed, including even the undersigned ,'church. This matter looks 
very strange to us; for we have understood that the Coetus sent Rev. de Ronde to 
Oyster Bay; and, by general consent, he was chosen, and not Johannes Frieling- 
huysen, to transact church business among us in Queens. Therefore we ask you, 
most kindly, not to persevere in the above-mentioned arrangements, for we think it 
will tend more to confusion than to peace. In case .vou should persevere in this 
matter (of your call), we shall feel ourselves bound to oppose you therein. 

Minne Schenck 
Jan Hegeman. 

At Queens— otherwise called Hempstead— (Success or North Hempstead.) February 
3, 1763. 

Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, March 8, 1753. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter from Rev. Haaghoort, of Second River, (Belleville), December 10, 1752, with 
enclosures concerning Rev. Muzelius at Tappan. Received, March 8, 1753. 

I. The letter itself. 

By this opportunity, because he is charged with forwarding the enclosures, he 
informs us of his surprise that he has received no answer from us, to his Protest 
against the Coetus, nor to his previous letter to us. 

He mentions the fact, also, that the Coetus has ordained and installed (gepro- 
moveert) Rev. Marinus, as minister at Aquackenonk, (a place formerly united with 
Second River, (Belleville) belonging to the Coetus, and subordinate to the Classis). 
This they have done in behalf of Rev. Schlatter of Pennsylvania, who has been 
employed thus to act by the Synods of South and North Holland; but he (Haaghoort) 
cannot harmonize this, (with other Acts). The Classis refuses this power, and with 
reason; the Synods, to whom they (the parties) are not known, neither are directly 
subject, grant it; and that to a person who has not the least relation with them, a 
Swiss, formerly sent by the Synods to the German churches in Pennsylvania. He 
(Schlatter) has himself undertaken, on his own authority, to examine Marinus, and 
give him a license to preach; in particular, at Acquackenonck. Can such things, 
asks he (Haaghoort), succeed, without the cognizance of this Classis? If so, why 
was it not prevented? If not, the same way is opened for them. He thinks the 
mistake lies in the fact that the Synods suppose that Acquackenonck is situated in 
Pennsylvania. But then the blame rests on Rev. Schlatter, and the Classis, who 



OF THE State of New York. 3337 

know better. Or can It be, that Synod has no knowledge of the existence of a 
Coetus? For Rev. (Gualterus) Du Bois is the only one written to about Pennsyl- 
vania affairs, and the Coetus Is passed by, notwithstanding so many agitations by 
Schlatter. He wishes to lay this matter before the Synod more fully. Now he 
only writes thus briefly in haste, to prevent dispute and schism, and to see whether 
some means could not be devised to bring everything to rights? (alles te regt te 
brengenV) 

The German churches in New York are inclined to unite themselves with the 
English Presbyterian-Independents. They have a Synod there, and also one in 
Philadelphia. (This they may do) in order to get their ordination (promotlte) in 
that way, in this land; for they are displeased at the refusal of the Classis, (to 
allow ordinations here) and object to the cost and trouble of sending their students 
across (the ocean); and they are strengthened therein by the address of the Synods 
and the Philadelphia Coetus. Thus there is danger that they may separate them- 
selves and fall away from the Holland National Church, and themselves become 
independent; and thus much further down in the scale than that strange (or foreign) 
German Coetus. Nevertheless, the Synods judge that it might be recognized as a 
Classis. There are beginnings of this already, as it was attempted in the case of 
Acquackenonk. He further remarks, that if that union should occur, as he fears, it 
would be better that the Presbyterians should unite with them, (the Dutch) as they 
(the Presbyterians) have no Liturgies or Forms. He ends with salutation. 

II. The enclosures refer to Eev. Muzelius, Emeritus Pastor 

at Tappan. 

1. A letter signed at Tappan at the house of Isaac Blaauwenvelt, December G, 
1752, by Revs. Haaghoort, Goetschius and Verbryck, V. D. M. They suppose it is 
already known to us that Rev. Muzelius, (by) direction of the Coetus, was declared 
Emeritus on February 21, 1750. This was done probably for his preservation; for, on 
account of his reckless conduct, serious accusations were brought in against him at 
the last two meetings of the Coetus as appears from the Acta of Coetus of Septem- 
ber 10, 1751, and of April 14, 1752, Session VI. § 3, which was communicated to him in 
writing expressly; and if this should have no good result, the consistory was then to 
refer the case to three neighboring ministers with their elders, to take action against 
Muzelius even to the extent of censure, and to make report of this to Coetus, that it 
might be determined whether the affair should have to proceed to a deposition. In 
accordance with this resolution of Coetus they spent (lit., lost, gevaceert) two days 
in the investigation of those matters. They found that Muzelius, since he was made 
Emeritus, had returned again to his previous drunkenness and irreligious conduct; 
that he also causes great dissensions; he threatens the congregation with total ruin, 
with his preaching and baptizing children in private houses in the face of all 
friendly admonitions of consistory and Coetus. Within two years he has but twice 
attended public worship, although he was urged to diligent attendance by Coetus. 
He treats the members of consistory and the ministers with affronts. He did great 
damage to the congregation's house and barn before he left, by burning and break- 
ing down the fences, etc. The committee invited him in a friendly way to attend 
their meeting and bring in his complaints; and to reply to the complaint and accu- 
sations brought against him; but he sent back the mesenger with a scoffing retort 
and refused to have any dealings with the committee or Coetus. Also by aid of his 
brothers-in-law, who belong to the consistory (or Church?) of England, (die aan den 
kerkenraad van Engelant behoren,) he caused the elders who were in office three 
years ago, to be summoned before the Civil Court (or Judge). All these things are 
established by eye and ear witnesses. The schisms, scandals and disturbances In 
the congregation are excessive; yea, so extreme, that two elders elect, out of fear, 
refuse to assume office; and many threaten to leave the church. A speedy remedy 
is therefore necessary, to prevent the entire ruin of the church. They transmit to 
us their verdict in writing, which they also made known to Muzelius. 

They hope and expect that we will take compassion on the sad condition of the 
churches in those regions, where so many schisms are caused by intruders; that 
despoilers of the flock may be punished as circumstances may demand. They request 
a speedy answer hereto. They conclude with salutation. 



1753 



3338 Ecclesiastical Records 

The second enclosure is this: Tappan, December 6, 1752, at the house of Isaac 
Blaauwvelt. 

The meeting having weighed everything carefully in the fear of the Lord, unani- 
mously resolved: 

1. That Frederic Muzelius be no longer recognized as an Emeritus Minister, but be 
declared unworthy of such title. 

2. That if Muzelius does not submit to this decision, does not desist from further 
stirring up dissensions in the churches by his preaching and baptizing in private 
houses or elsewhere, and from his offensive conduct, that the consistory of Tappan 
punish him as an unworthy member of the church, with ecclesiastical excommuni- 
cation, according to Church Order. 

3. That the consistory fraternally exhort the disobedient members, and others to 
return to the church; and in case of obstinacy, that the consistory act in regard to 
their members, according to the church discipline. 

4. That Muzelius, by his exciting schism and ill-behavior, during the period of his 
Emeritus-Pastorship, and has thereby hindered the voluntary support of the con- 
gregation, nevertheless, he is commended to the benevolence of the congregation. 

5. As to the third quarterly payment; it came to be known that the consistory had 
not paid Muzelius the full stipulated salary in accordance with the purpose and 
the direction of Coetus. It was therefore resolved to refer this matter to the Coetus 
as it has appeared to us; (and) it is resolved, at the first opportunity, to make this 
matter known to the Classis of Amsterdam, and to make report thereof to the Rev. 
Coetus. 

Signed, Gerhardus Haaghoort, President; J. H. Goetschius, V. D. M.; Benjamin 
Van der Linden, V. D. M.; Albertus ter Huyn, elder at Paramus; Simon Demarest, 
elder at Schralenberg. 

xxiii. 299-305. 

The Chijrch and the College. 
Remarks on the Intended College in New York. Shall it be Sec- 
tarian or Unsectarian? By William Livingston, March 22, 
1753. (See ^ov. 25, 1751.) 

(Extracts.) 

The Design of erecting a College in this Province, is a Matter of such grand and 
general Importance, that I have frequently made it the topic of my serious Medita- 
tion. Nor can I better employ my Time than by devoting a Course of Papers to so 
interesting a Subject. A Subject of universal Concernment, and in a peculiar Manner 
involving in it, the Happiness and Well-being of our Posterity! 

That the College ought to be placed in or near this City, appears evident from 
numberless Arguments, that naturally occur to the most superficial Thinker. But 
while we have been amusing ourselves with Disputations concerning the Situation 
of the Building, we have been strangely indolent about its Constitution and Govern- 
ment, in Comparison of which, the other is a Trifle that scarce deserves Attention. 

That the College ought therefore to be situated near our Metropolis, and that it 
will be productive, if properly regulated, of unspeakable Benefit to this province, I 
shall lay down as two postulata not to be questioned 

The true use of Education, is to qualify Men for the different Employments of 
Life, to which it may please God to call them 

The Consequences of a liberal Education will soon be visible throughout the whole 
Province. They will appear on the Bench, at the Bar, in the Pulpit, and in the 
Senate, and unavoidably affect our civil and religious Principles. Let us adduce, a 
few Arguments from Reason, Experience and History. 

At Harvard College in the Massachusetts-Bay, and at Tale College in Connecticut^ 
the Presbyterian Profession is in some sort established. It is in these Colonies the 



OF THE State of New York. 3339 

oomuiendable Practice of all who can afford it, to give their Sous au Education at 
their respective Seminaries of Learning-. While they are in the Course of their 
Education, they are sure to be instructed in the Arts of maintaining the lieligion of 
the College, which is always that of their immediate Instructors: and of combating 
the Principles of all other Christians whatever. When the young Gentlemen, have 
run thro' the Course of their Education, they enter into the Ministry, or some Offices 
of the Government, and acting in them under the Influence of the Doctrine espoused 
in the Morning of Life, the Spirit of the College is transfused thro" the Colony, and 
tinctures the Genius and Policy of the public Administration, from the Governor 
down to the Constable. Hence the Episcopalians cannot acquire an equal Strength 
among them, till some new Kegulations, in matters of Religion, prevail in their 
Colleges, which perpetually produce Adversaries to the heirarchical System. Nor is 
it to be questioned, that the Universities in Vorth and South Britain, greatly support 
the different professions that are established in their respective Divisions. 

In the Reign of King James II. of arbitrary and papistical Memory, a Pro.iect 
jesuitically artful, was concerted to poison the Nation, by tilling the Universities 
with popish-affected Tutors; and but for our glorious Deliverance, by the immortal 
William, the Scheme had been sufficient, in Process of Time, to have introduced and 
established, the sanguinary and anti-christian Church of Rome.— The Independent 
Reflector, pp. 67, 68, 70. 



The Church and the College. 

Evils of a Sectarian College supported by public Funds. 

By William Livingston, March 29, 1753. 

(Extracts.) 

I shall now proceed to offer a few arguments, which I submit 

to the Consideration of my Countrymen, to evince the necessity and importance of 
constituting our College upon a Basis the most catholic, generous and free. 

It is in the first place observable, that unless its Constitution and Government, be 
such as will admit Persons of all protestant Denominations, upon a perfect Parity 
as to Privileges, it will itself be greatly prejudiced, and prove a Nursery of 

Animosity, Dissension and Disorder Should our 

College, therefore, unhappily thro' our own bad Policy, fall into the Hands of any 
one religious Sect in the Province: Should that Sect, which is more than probable, 
establish its religion in the (College, show favour to its votaries, and cast Contempt 
upon others; 'tis easy to foresee, that Christians of all Denominations amongst us, 
instead of encouraging its prosperity, will, from the same Principles, rather conspire 
to oppose and oppress it. Besides English and Dutch PreshyteHans, which perhaps 
exceed all our other religious Professions put together; we have Episcopalians, Ana- 
baptists, Lutherans, Quakers, and a growing Church of Moravians, all equally zeal- 
ous for their discriminating Tenents: Whichsoever of these has the sole Govern- 
ment of the College, will kindle the .iealousy of the rest, not only against the 
persuasion so preferred, but the College itself 

In such a state of things, we must not expect the Children of any, but of that sect 
which prevails in the Academy, will ever be sent to it: For should they, the estab- 
lished Tenets must either be implicity received, or a perpetual religious War neces- 
sarily maintained. 

Another Argument against so pernicious a Scheme is, that it will be dangerous to 
Society. The extensive Influence of such a Seminary, I have already shown in my 
la.st Paper. And have we not reason to fear the worst Effects of it, where none but 
the Principles of one Persuasion are taught, and all others depressed and dis- 
countenanced? Where, instead of Reason and Argument, of which the Minds of the 
Youth are not capable, they are early imbued with the Doctrines of a Party, inforced 
by the Authority of a Professor's Chair, and the combining Aids of the President, 

68 



1753 



1753 



3340 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

aud all the other Cfflcers of the College? That religious Worship should be con- 
stautly maintained there, I am so far from opposing, that I strongly recommend it, 
and do not believe any such Kind of Society, can be kept under a regular aud due 
Discipline without it. But instructing the youth in any particular Systems of 
Divinity, or recommending and establishing any single Method of Worship or Church 
Government, I am convinced would be both useless and hurtful. Useless, because 
not one in a Hundred of the Pupils is capable of making a just Examination, and 
reasonable Choice. Hurtful, because receiving Impressions blindly on Authority, will 
corrupt their Understandings, and fetter them with Prejudices which may ever- 
lastingly prevent a Judicious Freedom of Thought, and infect them all their Lives, 
with a contracted turn of Mind. 

A Party-College, in less than half a Century, will put a new face upon the 
Religion, and in Consequence thereof, affect the Politics of the Country. Let us 
suppose what may, if the College should be intirely managed by one Sect, probably 
be supposed. Would not all possible Care be bestowed in tincturing the Minds of 
the Students with the Doctrines and Sentiments of that Sect? Would not the stu- 
dents of the College, after the Course of their Education, exclusive of any others; 
fill all the Offices of the Government? Is it not highly reasonable to think, that in 
the Execution of those Offices, the Spirit of the College would have a most prevail- 
ing Influence, especially as that Party would perpetually receive new Strength, 
become more fashionable and numerous? Can it be imagined that all other Chris- 
tians would continue peaceable under, and unenvious of, the Power of that Church 
which was rising to so exalted a Pre-eminence above them? Would they not on the 
Contrary, like all other Parties, reflect upon, reluct at, and vilify such an odious 
Ascendency? Would not the Church which had that Ascendency be thereby irri- 
tated to repeated Acts of Domination, and stretch their ecclesiastical Rule to unwar- 
rantable and unreasonable Lengths? Whatever others may in their Lethargy and 
Supineness think of the Project of a Party-College, I am convinced, that under the 
Management of any Particular Persuasion, it will necessarily prove destructive to 
the civil and religious Rights of the People: And should any future House of Rep- 
resentatives become generally infected with the Maxims of the College, nothing less 
can be expected than an Establishment of one Denomination above all others, who 
may, perhaps, at the good pleasure of their Superiors, be most graciously favoured 
with a bare Liberty of Conscience, while they faithfully continue their annual 
Contributions, their Tythes and their Peter-Pence. 

A Third Argument against suffering the College to fall into the hands of a Party, 
may be deduced from the Design of its Erection, and Support by the Public. 

The Legislature to whom it owes its Origin, and under whose Care the Affair has 
hitherto been conducted, could never have intended it as an Engine to be exercised 
for the Purpose of a Party. Such an Insinuation, would be false and scandalous. 
It would therefore be the Height of Indolence in any to pervert it to such mean, 
partial and little Designs. iSJo, it was set on Foot, and I hope will be constituted 
for general Use, for the public Benefit, for the Education of all who can afford such 
Education: And to suppose it intended for any other less public-spirited Uses, is 
ungratefully to reflect upon all who have hitherto, had any Agency in an Under- 
taking so glorious to the Province, so necessary, so important and beneficial. 

At present, it is but in Embrio, yet the Money hitherto collected is public Money; 
and till it is able to support itself, the Aids given to it will be public Aids. When 
the Community is taxed, it ought to be for the Defence, or Emolument of the 
Whole: Can it, therefore, be supposed, that all shall contribute for the Uses, the 
Ignominious Uses of a few? Nay, what is worse to that which will be prejudicial, 
to a vast Majority! Shall the whole Province be made to support what will raise 
and spread desperate Feuds, Discontent and ill-Blood thro' the greatest Part of the 
Province? Shall the Government of the College be delivered out of the Hands of 
the Public to a Party! They who wish it, are Enemies to their Country: They who 
ask it, have, besides this Anti- Patriotism, a Degree of Impudence, Arrogance, and 
Assurance unparalleled. And all such as are active in so iniquitous a Scheme, 
deserve to be stigmatized with Marks of everlasting Ignominy and Disgrace. Let 
it, therefore, ever remain where it is, I mean under the Power of the Legislature: 
The Influence, whether good or bad, we shall all of us feel, and are, therefore, all 
interested in it. It is, for that Reason, highly fit, that the People should always 
share in the Power to inlarge or restrain it: That Power they will have by their 



OF THE State of New York. 3341 

Representatives in Assembly; and no man who is a friend to Liberty, his Country 
and Religion, will ever rejoice to see it wrested from them. 

It is further to be remarked, that a public Academy is, or ought to be a mere civil 
Institution, and cannot with any tolerable Propriety be monopolized by any relig- 
ious Sect. The Design of such Seminaries, hath been sufficiently shown in my last 
Paper, to be entirely political, and calculated for the Benefit of Society, as a 
Society, without any Intention to teach Religion, which is the Province of the Pul- 
pit: Tho' it must, at the same time, be confessed, that a judicious Choice of our 
Principles, chiefly depends on a free Education. 

Again, the Instruction of our Youth, is not the only Advantage we ought to pro- 
pose by our College. If it be properly regulated and conducted, we may expect a 
considerable Number of Students from the neighboring Colonies, which must, neces- 
sarily, prove a great Accession to our Wealth and Emolument. For such is our 
Capacity of endowing an Academy; that if It be founded on the Plan of a general 
Toleration, it must, naturally, eclipse any other on the Continent, and draw many 
Pupils from those Provinces, the Constitution of whose Colleges is partial and con- 
tracted: From New England, where the Presbyterians are the prevailing Party, we 
shall, undoubtedly, be furnished with great Numbers, who, averse to the Sect in 
vogue among them, will, unquestionably, prefer the free Constitution, for which I 
argue, to that of their Colleges in which they cannot enjoy an equal Latitude, not 
to mention that such an Increase by foreign Students, will vastly augment the 
Grandeur of our Academy. 

Add to all this, that in a new Country as ours, it is inconsistent with good Policy, 
to give any religious Profession the Ascendency over others. The rising Prosperity 
of Pennsylvania, is the Admiration of the Continent; and tho' disagreeing from them, 
I should always, for political Reasons, exclude Papists from the common and equal 
Benefits of Society; Yet, I leave it to the Reflections of my judicious Readers, 
whether the impartial Aspect of their Laws upon all Professions, has not, in a great 
Degree, conduced to their vast Importation of religious Refugees, to their Strength 
and their Riches: And whether a like Liberty among us, to all Protestants what- 
soever, without any Marks of distinction, would not be more commendable, advan- 
tageous, and politic. (See Nov. 25, 1751).— The Independent Reflector, pp. 71, 72, 73, 74. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Approval of two Books. [Bussing.] 

1753, April 2nd. Art. 1. A pamphlet entitled — Extract from 
the Compendium of Christian Doctrine, by Cornelius van Vallen- 
hove, printed at Amsterdam at William Boman's was approved 
bj the Rev. Classis on the favorable report of the Messrs. Visita- 
tores. 

There was also approved an octavo volume entitled " God's 
Children made conformable unto the Image of God's Son ", by 
John Christopher Bussing, candidate ; printed at Amsterdam by 
Andrew Jacob Stanhoffius. Also the " Introduction ", which Rev. 
Mr. Kulenkamp is to write for this book is to be considered ap- 
proved, provided the Visitatores Librorum have no objection 

thereto, xii. 329. 

Letter from Tappan. 

Art 6. A letter has been written by the Committee of the 

Coetus in the case of Muzelius, minister emeritus at Tappan, 



1753 



3342 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

and the same was now read. Thereupon an answer was read by 
the Depntati ad res Exteras, which met with the approval of the 
Assembly. A letter from Haaghoort, of December 10, was also 
read; as well as a letter from the Cape (of Good Hope). An 
answer thereto (the letter from the Cape) was read and approved, 
xii. 331. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam : April 2, 1753. 

Address to the High Dntch Churches in Pennsylvania. 

Highly-Honorable and especially Highly-Reverend Gentlemen : 

We have now for some time been engaged in behalf of the 
Church of Pennsylvania, to provide shepherds or leaders for these 
congregations Avhich had hitherto been destitute, taking into con- 
sideration their request that they might be fed, and so become 
more interested in the general welfare of the Church of Christ. 

And although we have wished and hoped to hear of the peace 
and quietude of the Church and that the congregations were build- 
ing themselves up in the fear of the Lord and walking in the 
comfort of the Holy Ghost ; yet, on the contrary, through special 
letters, mostly directed to private parties, we learn to our grief, 
that not only separations and schisms exist in certain congrega- 
tions, but even in the Assembly of the Coetus. 

Your silence in the matter, with the circumstance that we have 
received no data from the Coetus, only increases our fear; and 
especially because these rumors may be of disadvantage to the 
further collection of donations {liehesgaven) for the benefit of 
the Church in Pennsylvania. Hence we deem it necessary, so 
far as is in our power, to anticipate the further gro^wth of this 
root of bitterness, that it may not bear gall and wormwood, 
whereby still further discord might be occasioned ; because under 
such circumstances, the building in course of construction during 
many years, might easily be thrown down, and the condemnation 
of Christ be brought on the whole congregation. 

To accomplish our desire, we know of no better or more pow- 
erful means than the following, viz., that you yourselves, Highly 



'OF THE State of New York. 3343 

1753 
Reverend Gentlemen, as leaders and watchmen over the Church 
of Christ, be firmly united in the bonds of brotherly love, in order 
to preserve your Assembly in harmony and peace, and thus will 
you set an example to the flock entrusted to your care. Therefore, 
in order to maintain unity in your Assembly, we propose that 
every minister take with him an elder to such Assembly, one who 
shall be elected by the Consistory of his church, and who shall 
without fail, be present, so that the number of ministers may not 
exceed the number of the elders. Then if your action on any 
point is to be of any value, no person ought to withdraw himself 
or offer any independent opposition, even when such action does 
not comport with his opinion, but all must submit themselves to 
the decision of the Coetus. AVhatever the gentlemen (composing 
said Coetus) may determine as being salutary, must be accepted 
by all; otherwise by the selfishness of one any action may be 
prevented or destroyed, and none of the wished for results of 
the meeting and its labors, remain. 

By such methods also, no one will be deprived of any of his 
rights. But since it is only to grant to anyone, who has conscien- 
tious scruples, the privilege of bringing the same to notice he 
may, with modesty, appeal to the Synods of North and South 
Holland, by duly and properly presenting his complaints. 

We hope that this will meet the approval of the Rev. Gentle- 
men. We have firmly resolved to support the Coetus in demand- 
ing proper res^x^ct for itself, and will act in accordance with this 
deteirmination. 

Therefore those who separate themselves should be made known 
1)y the Coetus to our Synods, and if they do not yield t<> th<" 
decisions of the Coetus, they shall be deprived of donations (love- 
gifts), until they have given satisfaction to the Coetus and the 
Synod. Respecting our contributions, we insist, that we do not 
want them to be employed for building purposes, nor for the can- 
celing of present or of future debts, but only as follows : 

1. The salaries of the ministers must be made up to the amount 
promised them by their congregations, but no increase must be 
made to such amount. 



1753 



>344 Ecclesiastical Records 

2. To meet deficiencies in the salaries of schoolmasters, who 
are put on the same footing. 

3. To purchase the necessary books. 

Because we have not yet received a report of the contributions, 
sent according to the order of the Synod, last year, we withhold 
those now on hand, until such report is received. We trust that 
Mr. Schlatter has given you the donations sent last year by him. 
In what manner these have been distributed, together with the 
use made of the Bibles sent over to you, we would like to know. 
Resolved, cum voto, Amsterd., April 2nd, 1753. 
G. Kulenkamp . T. Tyken 

J. J. Kessler, J. Van der JSTorm 

I. van den Broek Hermanns van Loo 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, to the Rev. Schlatter in Pennsyl- 
vania. (April 2, 1753.) Vol. 31, No. 1, page 1. 

Dear Brother: — 

How much the Classis of Amsterdam is interested in the welfare 
of the churches in Pennsylvania, and with how much affection and 
pleasure it has attended to their business, you have learned by 
experience during your stay here. 

We had flattered ourselves with the hope that your remembrance 
of these things would have moved you to make known unto us, the 
fact of the safe arrival of yourself and the other brethren, as well 
as the condition of affairs in Pennsylvania; also the Acts of the 
Coetus. But to our grief and utter surprise, neither the Classis 
nor any of its members has seen a letter from your hand nor has 
any account what-ever of the condition of affairs been received. 
The reason of such a course we cannot understand, for we cannot 
suppose, considering the kindness you experienced, that you have 
forgotten Amsterdam, or that the frequent promises concerning 
punctual and kind correspondence would be lotted from your 
memory. 

Notwithstanding, we are not without some news from another 
source, which tells us of the confused and disturbed condition, 



OF THE State op New York, 3345 

which is unfavorable to your Synod. (Coetus.) Indeed Rev. 
Brother, your silence does great harm to the common cause, (if 
it is to be ascribed to you, which we would not yet believe,) and 
it creates a prejudice against you in many hearts, since we are 
without the means of defending you. 

Not. only the pastors, Steiner and Rubel, bring in accusations 
against you, (although not yet accepted as true,) but also the 
pastors Weiss and Deidich, (Leydich) have withdrawn themselves 
from the Coetus, because you would shut out the elders, pretending 
to have oral orders from the now blessed Rev. Hoedtmaker. We 
know nothing of such orders, and would be happy to have a true 
account of these things. On the other hand our Classis thinks 
that a Committee of elders should be sent to the Coetus, but in 
such a way that the numbers of elders should not exceed that of 
ministers. Wherefore, in connection with each minister, not more 
than one elder should be appointed, which elder must also be 

elected by a majority of votes in the respective churches at 

in a regular Coetus. Further, at the first session, 

Moderators should be elected by a plurality of votes, and no one 
should be allowed to be praeses or director, permanently. In the 
Coetus everything must be decided plura vota, and every one ought 
to submit to this rule. When there are those who have objections, 
they may protest and appeal to the Synods of South and North 
Holland and the Classis of Amsterdam, whose actions thereupon 
shall decide. 

Those who have separated from the Coetus, no matter under 
what pretence, shall have no access to the contributions which are 
sent from the ISTetherlands provinces until other orders from the 
Synods and Classis shall be received. 

From a letter which you have written to Mr 

p. m., we have learned that you seem not to be disinclined to 
remain without a fixed settlement; to visit the congregations, 
laying down rules, to continue the correspondence, etc. etc. But 
this seems to us to be unadvisable. It would affect the superin- 
tendence, and it would be the gTound of many tribulations in a 
land, where, to the name of being free and independent, a little 
too much adulation is paid. 



1753 



1753 



3346 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

]Sro, dear brother, you must be a co-worker among jour brethren, 
and look out, as soon as possible, for a fixed settlement. You 
must have a congregation which desires you and selects you legally, 
although we are sorry that the churches of Philadelphia and 
Germantown, (as it seems to us, until we know the contrary,) 
have treated you so uncharitably, rewarding your faithfulness 
with disregard, and especially are we sorry that Rev. Rubel is 
active in it. Yet we do not see any propriety in forcing you into 
one of the churches against the will of the people ; and still that 
which we could have done, you yourself has made impossible by 
that imprudent act when leaving Philadelphia, when you gave 
the church full liberty to call another pastor without our consent. 
Conceiming this affair, we are told by letter that you were 
bound to do so, if you would receive a certificate from said church. 
This seems stranger than ever, for you, when here, never alluded 
1x) such things, as far as we know. 

You have often referred to the necessity of luiving ])astors in 
Virginia. So far as we know, no one has yet been called to that 
field. We think that if one or more of those churches should be 
inclined to call you as their pastor, you would do well to accept, 
in the year of the Lord, such a call, for many reasons, which you 
know better than we. 

We have information from abroad, that the five hundred folio 
Bibles, together with the money of last year which was sent over, 
(to which also was added some of the Classis and the Consistory 
of Amsterdam), have arrived in safety, but we have not yet 
received from the Coetus nor yourself any account of the manner 
of the distribution. We think, therefore, that if no satisfactory 
letter is received, either from yourself or the Coetus, and no 
regular account is given of that which has been sent, before the 
next session of the Synods of jSTorth and South Holland, these 
Synods will cease to send any further sums of money. At any 
rate, we can say positively, that neither our Classis nor the Am- 
sterdam Consistory will continue to contribute any longer (to 
your churches) until our Classis shall have received the required 
account from you and the Coetus. Is it not a lamentaWe cir- 



OF THE State of New York, 3347 

cuinstance that a sclieme so happily and successfully started, so 
desirable and beneficial to the churches of Pennsylvania, is so 
sadly stopped and brought into confusion by mismanagement and 
wranglings. 

Although we do no not charge this upon you, but, on the con- 
trary, v.'e sympathize with you, inasmuch as you have been badly 
treated and hindered by obstacles thrown in your way; yet we 
cannot entirely excuse you on account of your negligence in not 
writing. AVhile other letters have reached us in safety, those of 
yourself and of the Coetus alone are missing. 

In some other letters there is allusion to a certain printed 

Pennsylvania Church Order, consisting of We 

wish to see a specimen of it, for such Church Orders are unknown 
to us. and it would be disagreeable to us that the churches of 
Pennsylvania, which are assisted by our Synods, should adopt 
another rude than flie j^efherlands Churcli Order. 

This Eev. brother, we had to make knov/n imto you. Grievous 
indeed is it to us that we could not write something more pleasant 
to us and to you. May God fill you with the spirit of wisdom, 
prudence, courage and patience. The Lord grant to his churches 
peace and order. Tday lie keep near the Pennsylvania Zion, 
building the broken down walls of Jerusalem. 

AVith all rewercnce and affection, we sign in the name of all, 
by order of the Rev. Classis. 
Rev. brother, we are, 

Your obedient servants and co-workers. 
The Committee of the Classis, 

Joannes van den Broek 
Hermanus van Loo 

Joannes van der 

Done in our Classical Assembly, Amsterdam, April 2, 1753. 
G. Kulenkamp, Depp, ad banc Praeses. 

Jacobus Tyken, Depp, ad banc 

J. J. Kessler. 



1753 



3848 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Acts of the Classis op Amsterdam. 

Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haaghoort., etc., April 2, 

1753. Vol. 31, page, 4, ISTo. 2. ■~""" 

To the Rev. Haaghoort, etc., and the Committee in the case of 

Rev. Mnzelins. 

Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren : — 

We have learned with grief from the Acts of the Coetus that 
that Rev. Assembly has been obliged to write a severe letter to Rev. 
Mnzelins concerning his irregular conduct; and if it should be 
of no avail, that the Rev. Assembly intended to cite Rev. Muzelius 
before three ministers of the vicinity to try him, and if need be, 
to censure him. iVU this has been communicated to the Classis, 
and also that this trial becomes one on moral delinquency. 

Our grief was greatly increased upon receiving your com- 
munication and upon becoming acquainted with the resolutions 
of the Assembly of Dec. 6, 1752, concerning the continued irregu- 
lar conduct of that unfortunate individual. We feel great com- 
passion for him, and hope that God may yet touch his heart and 
by grace induce him to forsake his faults. We even hope that 
by a godly walk on his part even yet, the excitement created may 
die out, and the confusion, which it is feared may spring up in 
the church, be avoided. We thank you for your letter, as well as 
for all the trouble you have taken in this affair. We hope the 
Lord will give his blessing upon your labors therein. The facts 
which you mention as the charges against him, drunkenness and 
irreligion, are sufficiently disgraceful. 

Preaching and baptizing in private houses, in opposition to 
the kind admonitions of his Consistory, cannot be overlooked in a 
preacher who has any knowledge of Church Order. Such con- 
duct must be stopped by such means as are in accordance with 
the Constitution and laws of the country. All who cause schism 
or scandal, or help to promote such things must be fraternally 
admonished to desist from such conduct. In case he remains 
obstinate, church-discipline must be inflicted ; but at the same 



OP THE State of New York. 3349 

1753 
time his Rev. must be commended to the love of the church as a 
christian duty. We hope the church will conduct itself prudently 
in reference to this miserable man, and that they will also remem- 
ber the faithfulness of God in the fulfillment of his promises 
toward such a one, as made in Psalm 41. 

On the question of the Consistory about continuing payments 
to Rev. Muzelius; which has not been done according to the 
request of Rev. Goetus — we refer this matter to that body. And, 
finally, concerning the first part of your conclusions, that Rev. 
Muzelius can no longer be recognized as pastor emeritus, because 
he has been put under censure for his conduct, — do not proceed 
too hastily. You have adopted the rule to make known all your 
determinations to Rev. Coetus. This agrees with the resolutions 
of that Assembly. Since it has your oral report, even to minute 
details, it can best decide on this matter. 

Meanwhile we give our approval to the resolutions of Rev. 
Coetus, so long as there are no legal objections thereto. We hope 
that what you have already done in this affair, and the action yet 
to be taken by Rev. Coetus, may be to the honor of God's most 
holy name, and the welfare of the church ; and may you see the 
prosperity of Jerusalem all the days of your life. 

Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren. 
Your faithful servants the Members of the Classis of 
Amsterdam. 

In the name of all, 

Jakobus J. Tyken, V.D.M. Amsterdam Depp. Classis, 

h. t. Praeses. 
Jakob de Jonge, V.D.M. Amst. Depp. CI. h. t. Scriba. 
Amsterdam, 

In our Classical Assembly, 
April 2, 1753. 



1753 



3350 Ecclesiastical Records 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Eev. G. M. Weiss at Gosenhoppen, 

Pennsylvania, April 2, 1753. Vol. 31, Iso. 5, page 8. 
Rev. Sir and Brother : — 

Y\e recently had the honor to receive a letter from you, dated 
Angnst 18, 1752, from which we had the satisfaction to hear of 
the safe arrival of Rev. Mr. Schlatter with six pastors, and that 
fi^-e of them had already gladly accepted the places offered them. 
We were astonished, however, to learn that Rev. Mr. Rubel was 
on such intimate terms with the church of Philadelphia and that 
he proceeded notwithstanding that you, as Deputies, had given 
him advice to wait until the next meeting of the Synod. 

We hope that the Coetus in accordance with the instructions of 
the Synod in this matter will consider the business in its separate 
parts, and we desire to know the action taken. We trust that you 
in conjunction with the other brethren, will be as active as pos- 
sible to preserve peace and imity, so as to prevent sinful disturb- 
ances and divisions. We also hope that the blessings which the 
Lord so generously bestowed upon those who labored so hard over 
here for the welfare of the churches of Pennsylvania may not 
be destroyed or be altogether in vain. 

The Lord grant that you and the brethren may receive much 
light and wisdom in this matter. May the Lord prosper the Penn- 
sylvania Zion according to his good pleasure, and rebuild the 
walls of Jerusalem that his Holy l^ame may be magnified. 

^^'e are with all respect. Reverend Brother, your servants and 

fellovr-workers. The Members of Classis of Amsterdam, 

In the name of all, 
Amsterdam, 

in our Classical Assembly, 

April 2, 1753. 



OF THE State op New York. 3351 

COBKESPONDENCE PROM AmEKICA. 

Rot. John Frelinghujsen to the Eev. Classis of Amsterdam, 
April 4th 1753. 

Portfolio '' New York ", Vol. ii. Extracts in Vol. xxiii, 323-9. 

Very Keverend, Very Learned and Godly Sirs the Classis of Amsterdam. 
Very Reverend Sirs:— 
Grace, peace and mercy be multiplied unto you! 

On the 3rd inst. I found myself honored by receipt of your very friendly letter of 
July 3rd 1752. I notice therefrom that your Revs, had received mine of March 17th. 
I wrote that letter, although I dreaded to interrupt your business, and, from lack 
of time, to take up my weary pen. Nevertheless I was urged on by such a sense of 
the necessity of it, that. In my haste, my letters crowded upon one another. I am 
sorry to have caused your Revs, trouble by my close and indistinct writing. I will 
now, if time permits, although having but little to spare, send a copy so plain that 
every one who runs may read it. However, my chief object has been gained, 
namely, that of learning that your Revs. Jire awaiting the minutes of the Coetus. 
I am astonished that your Revs, have not yet received them. 

I thank your Reverences for your counsel, to join prudence to zeal. I know this 
to be exceedingly necessary, as it is very seldom that, without it, unless by special 
guidance from God, any good is wrought, either in opposing evil or in defending 
good. But it is a sin which is noticed more by others than by one's self. That is, 
indeed, so with all sins, but especially with this one. Moreover, all that your 
affectionate letter contains confirms me in the belief, that your Reverences aim at 
nothing save what is conducive to the true welfare of our churches. That makes 
me heartily glad. At the same time, to that end, I beseech the Lord to give your 
Reverences all necessary light on our condition, and cause you to rejoice over the 
desired fruit of your efforts. 

It seems as if the matters on Long Island have to be left to the decision of God. 
Although the Coetus last April deemed it Inexpedient and impossible to reinstate 
Arondeus on Long Island, and, although I was not at any time present at the meet- 
ing when action to that effect was taken, yet I am sure that no one could con- 
scientiously have had anything against it. 

Arondeus, however, and the greater part of his adherents did not submit, but, as 
report goes, they appealed to your Reverences, notwithstanding the fact that your 
Reverences had left it to the Coetus. They did this, so as to obtain further delay, 
to gain a last remedy and a chance to try once more. Thus that Island continues to 
be still the Flanders of our ecclesiastical conflict. 

There seems to be, however, greater hope for good than heretofore, inasmuch as 
two of those pastorless churches in Qneens county have extended a call to a young 
man (Thomas Romeyu) who promises to be a suitable instrument for the upbuilding 
of Zion there. I-Ie is particularly suited to the field from the fact that he was born 
in this country, is accustomed to the ways of the people, has been heard by those 
churches, and thereupon been chosen and called b.y them as their minister. With a 
view to the preseiwation of peace that action has very much in its favor. It now 
remains for your Revs, to give it a trial. 

That this call was legally made, I took it upon myself to prove before our Coetus, 
where I summoned the pen, hired by that trash of Jamaica village. 

1. It is a call from a church which had the right and liberty to call. This is so, 
not only from the nature of the case, but also because, with the unanimous approval 
of our Coetus, permission was given to call a minister. I look upon this as a special 
guidance of God's Providence, whereas, otherwise, the chiirches here call a man 
without knowledge of Classis or Coetus; for example. New York called Mr. de Ronde; 
Staten Island, called Pieter de Windt. 

2. 1 agree to prove also that this call was made not only unanimously by the entire 
consistory, but also by all the members and hearers of the church of Oyster Bay, 
the adherents of that foolish and fanatic Arondeus even included. 



1753 



1753 



3352 Ecclesiastical Records 

3. I agree to prove that it was done by unanimous consent of all, one by one, of 
the Church of Jamaica, who belong to the Coetus; and besides, by some of those 
who adhere to the intruder Arondeus. A few have not yet consented, because, as 
they told me themselves, they wanted to see first what action the Rev. Classis 
would take in regard to Arondeus. As to these three things, I doubt if the father 
of lies himself would come anywhere near denying them. 

4. I agree to prove that it is not probable that those churches will ever unite for 
good, unless they get a minister who is careful, who loves truth and peace, and who 
preaches, not for the cross-marked piece of money, (gekruisten penning), but, the 
Crucified One. If they should get such a one, and the Lord should work with them 
by His Spirit; and if some should be brought out of darkness the opponents would 
grow less; and those remaining, finding that they had against them, not a mere 
shadow of God's people, but their power, would lose courage. It went thus in my 
place here, (the Raritan Valley), as one of your respected members wrote at length; 
so that I don't know a church in this country now where peace flourishes more. 
True, there are those who at heart are enemies of God's people, but these submit 
themselves to teaching and admonition. 

The first three statements being clear, and the fourth capable of proof, it neces- 
sarily follows that, as those churches have thus unanimously extended a call to a 
person, as to whose gifts they are satisfied and in a way in which the steps of 
divine Providence are to be seen, there can be raised no objection strong enough to 
break that work. 

I do not know that any objections to this call will come before your Reverences. 
Yet I believe that those furious people, forseeing that it must mean their downfall, 
together with some Sanballats and envious Tobiases, will now hire some one to pre- 
sent their case to your Reverences in a more humane spirit. For, those "Beasts of 
Kphesus" have learned, that with their letters breathing out threatening and domi- 
nation, they have gained little with your Reverences; and that that driving helms- 
man, Arondeus, has brought no little damage to their keels. They will now, that 
envy and self-interest have made others willing to serve them, be the better able 
to hire some one who can hide himself behind the misty veil of their names. 

The main pivot on which their reasoning against this call must turn is, (a) that 
those who made the call had no right to do so; (b) that the call was not made in 
proper form. 

a. The first is, as already stated, contradicted by our Coetus, and by the nature 
of the case. For, why should they not have a right to do it? As to Oyster Bay, 
the entire church there, members and hearers, united in it. And as to the village 
of Jamaica, all of those who observe order there joined in it. The fact that some 
schismatic, contentious people, who, against all admonition, adhere to Arondeus, 
are against it, is in favor of, rather than an objection to the call; inasmuch as it is 
not to be expected that those corniptors would favor anything that is good. And if, 
on that account, those who made out the call had no right to do so, all calling (of 
ministers) would soon have to stop; for it is hardly conceivable that the devil's gov- 
ernment will ever come to so low an ebb, that he cannot stir up some to oppose that 
which threatens the downfall of his realm. So the first point stands firm. 

b. The second objection, whether the call was made in proper form, can be taken 
in two ways. 

1. Abstractedly, on the part of those who made the call, whether the call is de 
B^orma esse trails, or in form equitable; that is, whether those who made the call, 
the consistory, or the members of the church, had a free vote and cast it for calling 
Mr. Romeyn at a proper meeting of the consistory. This is proved to have been all 
in order by the signatures. The genuineness of these even the father of lies will 
not deny. 

2. Whether the one who officiated as moderator of the call was competent to do so, 
and did what was required of him in the making out of a call. The last point, as 
to his doing what was required of him, being proved by the documents of the call, 
which are held to be true, the question is reduced to these terms: 

(1) Whether the moderator of the call was a person not competent. 

(2) Whether, In all respects, he was so incompetent that his act made the call 
Illegal and void. Both questions will, I believe, be answered in the affirmative by 
the opponents, while I must deny both. 

(1) What bears on the general conclusion I prefer to prove to your Reverences first 
of all, and to put off the other which relates to my person, until I am accused. It 



OF THE State of New York. 3353 

would require my going into certain particulars which would cause my letter to 
dilate too much; and these also, belong more properly nearer home, namely, our 
Coetus. There they are known, and can, with ease, be forcibly proved. I may, how- 
ever give your Reverences a brief account of the matter. 

The conclusion, then, is drawn from an unproved premis, and upon which all the 
force of their reasoning must rest. As no one has the power to deny the right of a 
legally vacant church to make a call; and as our Coetus took action, promising 
those churches to help them in this matter for that reason; is the call illegal 
because he who officiated as moderator of the call was not a person competent, 
although juste egit consulentis offlciaV By no means. 

(a) The call was made in proper form, with entire unanimity of votes, and those 
who were making the call were acting of their own accord; and never since Goet- 
schius was called, with such unanimity. And now to do that thing over again? If, 
through a misunderstanding, they did take the wrong person to attest their act, 
neither the one called nor those calling ought to suffer therefor, but only the person 
who should have known better. 

(b) Granted, that that would invalidate a call in well-ordered churches and count- 
tries; yet that is no reason why it should do so in these regions, where frequently 
calls are made without the presence of a minister, just like mine was, which was 
approved by your Reverences. Or, as often happens, one of the consistory simply 
goes to some minister to get him to write a call, such as is desired. This is then 
signed by the consistory, and afterwards taken back to the minister for his signa- 
ture, as a witness. Thus, I think, it went with the calling of Meinema, by the Rev. 
du Bois; because churches are separated so far from other ministers. Often, too, it 
is done by such as the churches request, or providentially meet with, as was the 
case with the call made by the Paltz. There, the Rev. du Bois was appointed by 
the Goetus to act as moderator, though the call was written and signed by my 
brother. 

Nothing of all that touches the essential form of the call, while the signing of it 
is simply for the purpose of attesting it. Taking all circumstances Into account, one 
may say in this case, "Communis error facit jus." 

(2) Now, on the point that the person who moderated the call was not competent 
thereto: 1 recently heard, aside, arguments advanced, to prove that, on the ground 
that Mr. de Ronde had been appointed, and not Mr. Prielinghuysen. As every one 
in our Coetus knows, the matter stands like this:— those two combined churches 
send some one to the Coetus, with the request that some one be commissioned to 
iustal their consistory, and at the same time to counsel and assist them in calling 
Mr. (Jonathan) du Bois, a candidate from Pennsylvania. The assembly was minded 
to leave the matter to their choice; but Mr. de Ronde stated, that he had to be 
about there, before long, and so could attend to it on his way. Whereupon the 
assembly, to which I joined myself, requested Mr. de Ronde to install the consis- 
tory, and at the same time not to refuse being of help to them in making out a call. 
The first thing, Mr. de Ronde carried out, but not the second; because the candidate 
du Bois had meanwhile accepted a call (to North and South Hampton) in Pennsyl- 
vania. Thereupon my brother (Theodore) of whose care the vacant churches in 
these regions generally avail themselves, comes down from Albany with Mr. Romeyn, 
whom they desired to hear. My brother goes there, but Mr. Romeyn is prevented, 
by the small pox, from coming there at the time appointed. My brother, on being 
asked about the young man, hears good testimony in regard to him, arranges cer- 
tain matters, but is unable to stay long enough to await his recovery. Those 
churches, inasmuch as Mr. de Ronde, as they informed me, had refused to preach at 
Jamaica, send me a request to come then with the young man, so that they may 
hear his gifts, under my supervision; for no student is allowed to preach save under 
the supervision of some minister. The young man himself comes to me, and the 
church hears him and Is pleased with his gifts. They ask me to write out a call. 
My brother had already composed it in part and sent it to me, I write it. The 
church signs it, and asks me to sign it as witness. They showed me reasons and 
proofs that de Ronde would decline doing it, and that his commission for the purpose 
had expired. Seeing that this was the truth, and that the matter could brook no 
delay, 1 sign the call. I flatter myself with the thought of being able to show that 
what 1 had done, no one could justly bring up against me, at the place where I 

shall be called (?) and at a time when several will be brought to light and 

proved. 



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>354 Ecclesiastical Records 

I do not doubt that your Reverences will cousider the need of those churches— 
which now for seven (?) years already have been without a minister, and which, at 
the most but two or three times a year, have had the privilege of hearing a sermon 
in their mother tongue. This is a condition which necessarily causes an uncommon 
estrangement from God and His service. A church which, because of internal 
troubles, has, in spite of repeated attempts, never been able to get thus far. A 
chui'ch which, in the rear, is attacked by the Anabaptists, whom many go to hear; 
for the people will sacrifice, if not at Jerusalem, then at Dan and Bethel; in front, 
by the Church of Engl.ind, whose Pelagian principles and political bulwarks are so 
agreeable to the corrupt nature; in the flank, by that fanatic, Arondeus: and within, 
by ignorance, etc., and all those monsters of the night. 

Therefore your Reverences cannot possibly be disposed to listen to the voice of the 
Tobiasses and the Sanballats, whom, it grieves, to see that a man has come to seek 
the good of Jerusalem. Now, I leave this matter to the guidance of God. "There 
are many devices in a man's heart; but the counsel of the Lord, that shall stand." 

Prov. 19;21. 

I re.ioice to think that the Lord will frustrate all my deliberations and under- 
standings which are not for the best interest of Ziou. I rejoice in the conviction, 
that I aim at, and seek nothing else than the salvation of those perishing churches. 
To that end I expect some time yet to see my tears and prayers answered. May 
God grant this, and honor your Reverences with bringing it about! 

I remain with love and respect, Very Reverend Fathers, the Classis of Amsterdam,^ 
Your Reverences obedient servant and brother in Christ, 



Job. Frielinghuysen. 



Rai'itan, 

April 4, 1753. 



No. 1S5. Received June 29, 1753. 

The K'ew York College. 

The Proper Method of Establishing a College in New York, to 
prevent it from becoming sectarian, should be not, bv Royal 
Charter. By Wm. Livingston. April 5, 1753. 

(Extracts.) 

It would be of little use to have shown the fatal Consequences of an Academy 
founded in Bigotry, and reared by Party-Spirit; or the glorious Advantages of a 
College, whase Basis is Liberty, and where the Muses flourish with entire Freedom; 
without investigating the Means by which the one may be crushed in Erabrio. and 
the other raised and supported with Ease and security. In all Societies, as in the 
human Frame, inbred Disorders are chiefly incurable, as being Part of the Consti- 
tution, and inseparable from it; while, on the Contrary, when the Rage of Infirm- 
ities is resisted by a sound Complexion of Body, they are less inherent, and conse- 
quently more medicable. For this reason, it must necessarily be esteemed of the 
utmost Importance, that the Plan upon which we Intend to form our Nursery of 
Learning, be concerted with the most prudent Deliberation; it being that a'.one upon 
which its future Grandeur must evidently depend. 

In pointing out a Plan for the College, I shall first show what it ought not to be, 
in order that what it should be, may appear with greater Certainty. 

As Corporations and Companies are generally founded on Royal Grants, it is 
without Doubt supposed by many, that our College must be constituted by Charter 
from his Majesty, to certain Persons, as Trustees, to whose Government and Direc- 
tion it will be submitted. Nor does the Impropriety of such a Plan strike the 
unattentive Vulgar, tho' to a considerate Mind it appears big with mighty Evils. 
Nee quae circumstant te deinde pericula cernis 
Demens Virg. 

It is necessary to the well-being of every Society, thnt it be not only established 
upon an ample and free Bottom; but also secured from Invasion, and its Constitu- 
tion guarded against Abuses and Perversion. These are Points of which I beg 



OF THE State of New York, 3355 i -^ 

1753 

Leave to think my Readers fully convinced. Nor can they wonder at the Novelty 
of my Scheme, when an University, hatched by the Heat of Sectaries, and cherished 
in the contracted Bosom of furious Zeal, shall be shown to be the natural Conse- 
quence of a Charter Government. 

But to consider an Academy founded on a Royal Grant in the most favourable 
Light, Prudence will compel our Disapprobation of so precarious a Plan. The Muta- 
bility of its nature will incline every reasonable man, to prefer to it that Kind of 
Government, which is both productive of the richest Blessings, and render its 
Advantages the more precious, by their superiour Stability. A Charter can at best 
present us with a Prospect of what we are scarce sure of enjoying a Day. For 
every Charter of Incorporation, as it generally includes a Number of Privileges sub- 
ject to certain express or implied Conditions, may, in particular, be annulled, 
either on a Prosecution in the Court of Kings-Bench by Quo warranto, or by Scire 
Facias in Chancery, or by Surrender. Nor does it require a great Abuse of Privilege 
to determine its Fate by the two first Means; while mere Caprice, or something 
worse, may at any Time work its Dissolution by the latter. I believe my Country- 
men, have too high a Sense of the Advantages of Learning, to risk the College upon 
so unsettled a Basis; and would blast a Project so ineffective of its true end, to 
make room for a Scheme by which the Object of public attention may be fixed on 
a Bottom more firm and durable. How would it damp the sanguine Prospects, of 
the fervent Patriot; disappoint the honest well-wisher of his country; and blacken 
the Hopes of every Lover of the Muses into Dispair, should an inconsiderable Mistep 
subvert so noble a Design! Yet to these fatal evils would a Charter be exposed: 
Should the trustees exceed their Authority, however inconsiderably it might affect 
the Interest of the College, their acting contrary to the express Letter would ipso 
facto avoid it. Or should they, either thro' Ignorance, Inattention or Surprize, 
extend their Power in the least beyond those Limits, which the Law would prescribe 
upon a Construction of the Charter, a Repeal might be obtained by Suit at Common 
Law, or In Equity. And perhaps such might be the Circumstances of Things, as to 
render a new Incorporation at that Juncture, utterly impracticable. Besides, upon 
its Dissolution all the Lands given to it, are absolutely lost. The Law annexes such 
a condition to every Grant to a Body politic: They revert to the Donor. Nor is 
there much Reason to expect a charitable Reconveyance from the Reversioner. 

But if this may possibly be the Case, should even the Scheme of the Instruction 
of our Youth continue uuperverted by the Directors of our Academy, what abuses 
of Trust might they commit, what Attacks upon the Liberty and Happiness of this 
Province might they make, without Correction or Controul, should they be influ- 
enced by sinister Views? While the Fountain continues pure and unpolluted, the 
Stream of Justice may flow through its Channels clear and undisturbed. But should 
arbitrary Power hereafter prevail, and the tyrannical Arts of James return to dis- 
tress the Nation, the Oppression and Avarice of a future Governor, may counte- 
nance the iniquitous Practices of the Trustees, or destroy the Charter by improving 
the Opportunity of some little Error in their Conduct; and having seized the Fran- 
chise, dispose of it by a new Grant to the fittest Instruments of unjust and imperi- 
ous Rule, and then, adieu to all Remedy against them: For were they prosecuted 
by his Majesty's Attorney General in the Kings-Bench, a Noli prosequi would effect- 
ually secure them from Danger; while the Authority of a Governor rendered a Suit 
in Equity entirely useless. Thus would the cause of Learning, the Rights and 
Privileges of the College, our public Liberty and Happiness, become a Prey to the 
base Designs and united Interest of the Governor and Trustees, in Spite of the most 
vigorous Efforts of the whole Province: Nor could a happy Intervention to the gen- 
eral Calamity, be expected from the other Branches of the Legislature, while his 
Majesty's Representative would give a hearty Negative to every salutary Bill, the 
Council and Assembly should think proper to pass. I say, his Majesty's Representa- 
tive; for tho' our gracious Sovereign can delegate his executive Authority, he cannot 
transfer his Royal Virtues; and more than once has this Province beheld a Vice- 
gerent of the Best of Princes, imitate the Actions of the Worst. Reflections of this 
kind will pronounce it a Truth most glaringly evident, that whatever care may be 
taken in the Construction of a Charter to give our College an extensive Bottom, to 
endow it with the richest Privileges, and secure them by the most prudent Methods, 
it may still become the Spoil of Tyranny and Avarice, the Seat of slavish, bigotted 
and persecuting Doctrines, the Scourge and Inquisition of the Land. And far better 

69 



1753 



3356 Ecclesiastical Records 

would it be for us to rest contented with the less considerable Blessings we enjoy, 
without a College, than to aim at greater, by building it upon the sandy Foundation 
of a Charter-Government. 

But after all, it may be urged, that should the College be founded on a Royal 
Grant, it might still be raised upon as unexceptionable a Basis, and as munificently 
endowed with Privileges as upon any other Footing. This is not in the least to be 
doubted. That a specious Charter will be drawn, and exhibited to public View, I 
sincerely believe: A Tricli of that kind will unquestionably be made Use of, to 
amuse the unattentive Bye, and allure the unwary Mind into an easy Compliance. 
-But It will be only " latet Anguts in Herba," and when a copious Fund is once 
obtained, a Surrender of the Charter may make way for a new One, which tho' 
.sufficiently glaring, to detect the Cheat, will only leave us Room to repent of our 
Credulity. This is beyond dispute, a sufficient Reason with some, for establishing 
the College by Charter, tho', in my humble Opinion, it is one of the strongest Argu- 
ments that can be urged against it. We should be careful, lest, by furnishing the 
Trustees with a Fund, to render themselves independent of us, we may be reduced 
to the Necessity of being dependent upon them. If the Public must furnish the 
Sums by which the College is to be supported. Prudence declares it necessary, that 
they should be certain to what uses the monies will be applied; lest Instead of 
being burdened with Taxes to advance our Interest, we should absurdly Impoverish 
ourselves, only to precipitate our Ruin. In short, as long as a Charter may be sur- 
rendered, we are in danger of a new One, which perhaps will not be much to our 
liking: And, as this kind of Government will be always subject to Innovations, it 
will be an incontestible Proof of our Wisdom to reject it for a better. 

It has in my two last Papers been shown, what an extensive and commanding 
Influence the Seat of Learning will have over the whole Province, by diffusing its 
Dogmata and Principles thro' every Office of Church and State. What Use will be 
made of such unlimited Advantages, may be easily guessed. The civil and relig- 
ious Principles of the Trustees, will become universally established. Liberty and 
Happiness be driven without our Borders, and in their Room erected the Banners 
of spiritual and temporal Bondage. My Readers may, perhaps, regard such Reflec- 
tions as the mere Sallies of a roving Fancy; tho', at the same time, nothing in 
Nature can be more real. For should the Trustees be prompted by Ambition, to 
stretch their Authority to unreasonable Lengths, as undoubtedly they would, were 
they under no kind of restraint, the Consequence is very evident. 

Their principal Care would be to choose such Persons to instruct our Youth, as 
would be the fittest Instruments to extend their Power by positive and dogmatical 
Precepts. Besides which, it would be their mutual Interest to pursue one Scheme. 
Their Power would become formidable by being united: As on the Contrary, a Dis- 
sention would Impede its Progress. Blind Obedience and Servility in Church and 
State, are the only natural means to establish unlimited Sway. Doctrines of this 
Cast would be publicly taught and inculcated. Our Youth, inured to Oppression 
from their Infancy, would afterwards vigorously exert themselves In their several 
Offices, to poison the whole community with slavish Opinions, and one universal 
Establishment become the fatal Portion of this now happy and opulent Province. 

Thus far the Trustees will be at Liberty to extend their Influence without con- 
troul, as long as their Charter subsists: And thus far they would undoxibtedly 
extend It. For whoever, after being conscious of the uncertain Nature and dismal 
Consequences of a Charter College, still desires to see it thus established, and will- 
ingly becomes a Trustee, betrays a strong Passion for Tyranny and Oppression: 
Did he wish the Welfare of his Country, he would abhor a Scheme that may prob- 
ably 'prove so detrimental to it; especially when a better may be concerted. It 
would therefore be highly imprudent to trust any Set of Men with the Care of the 
Academy, who were willing to accept it under a Charter. 

If It be urged, that the reasons above advanced, to prove the Danger and Muta- 
bility of a Charter Government, militate strongly against the Consequences I have 
deduced from them, let it be considered, that It will be in the power of one person 
only, to encourage or oppose the Trustees in the Abuse of their Authority. This 
point, I think, is sufficiently evinced. Time may, perhaps, furnish the Trustees with 
an Opportunity of corrupting him with Largesses; or the Change of Affairs, make It 
his Duty to encourage the most slavish Doctrines and Impositions. Where then will 
be our Remedy, or how shall we obtain the Repeal of a Charter abused and per- 
verted? Be It ever bo uncertain in its Nature, It will still be in the power of a Gov- 



OP THE State of New York. 3357 

ernor, to secure it against the Attaclis of Law and Justice: Or, to render us moro 
compleatly miserable, he may grant a new one, better guarded against any Danger 
from that Quarter. In the present Situation of Things, we have, indeed, no Reason 
to fear it. But as they may possibly assume a different Face hereafter, let us at 
least be armed in a Matter of so great Consequence, against the Insincerity of 
future Events. 

But after all it cannot be expected, that a Charter should at once be so compleatly 
formed, as to answer all the valuable Purposes intended by it. Inventions are never 
brought to sudden Perfection; but receive their principal Advantages from Time 
and Experience, by a slow Progression. The human mind is too contracted to com- 
prehend in one View, all the Emergencies of Futurity; or provide for or guard 
against, distant Contingencies. To whomsoever, therefore, the Draft of a Charter 
shall be committed. Experience will prove it defective, and the Vicissitude of Things 
make continual Alterations necessary. Nor can they be made without a pi'odigious 
Expence to the Public, since, as often as they are expedient, a new Charter will be 
the only Means to effect it. 

I Hope my Readers are by this time convinced, that a Charter College will prove 
inefficacious to answer the true End of the Encouragement of Learning; and that 
general utility can never be expected from a Scheme so precarious and liable to 
abuse. I shall in my next Paper exhibit another Plan for the Erection of our Col- 
lege, which if improved, will answer all the valuable Ends that can be expected 
from a Charter, and at much less Expence: While it will also effectually secure all 
those Rights and Privileges which are necessary to render the Increase of true 
Literature more vigorous and uninterrupted.— /ndfpwcfew* Reflector, pp. 75-78. 

Church of I^ew York. 

Daniel Bratt, Sclioolmaster. 

April 10th, 1753. 

Consistory held after calling upon God's name. It was repre- 
sented that Mr. Daniel Bratt had rented a portion of his house. 
Though this is to the prejudice of the Church, it is allowed for 
this time, since this is the last year of Mr. Bratt's residence there. 
He was told at once that he cannot be school-master longer than 
May 1st, 1754, when he must leave the dwelling and surrender it 

to the Consistory. 

Actum ut Supra, in name of all. 

J. Ritzema. 
Classis of Amsterdam. 

Acts of the Deputies, April 12, 1753. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter from Jamaica, February 3, 1753, signed by Simeon Van 
^sToortwick, Abram Schenck, Paul Amerman, Daniel Duryee. 
Received April 12, 1753. 

They say that the Classis wrote them on June 9, 1747, that 
the church should take care that a lawful consistory should be 
elected, by (under the oversight of) one of the neighboring min- 



1753 



3358 Ecclesiastical Records 

a753 

isters, or one of the committee. Thereupon they elected a lawful 
consistory, with Arondeus, their neighboring Pastor, and also a 
member of the Committee, to wit, in the case of Goetschius, (te 
weten, in de zaka van Goetschius.) They had also amicably 
invited the party which adhered to Goetschius, to appear on the 
first of January, 174:9, at a certain place, but they would not 
appear, and separated themselves from them. 

Shortly after that, their party (that of Goetschius) invited Rev. 
Reitsema (Ritzema) to elect a consistory for them. Ritzema did 
so, but a protest was made : this consistory, said they, was elected 
without the congregation ('s consent), and installed in the English 
Presbyterian church; hence they could not recognize that con- 
sistory as regular; even also as the people of ISTewtown and of 
Hempstead did not recognize it. This Ritzema consistory was 
the cause why the four churches could not call a minister in 
accordance with the advice of Classis. But the Coetus of ISTew 
York on September 19, 1752, declared this Ritsema consistory 
legal, without their (the other party) being smnmoned and heard 
on the subject. Thus they were condemned unheard, even as also 
Arondeus and his consistory (had been.) 

They appeal on account of this treatment by the Coetus, to the 
Classis. They canaot cast aside their office, since they were called 
thereunto by God, etc. That those who are on the side of Arondeus 
can get no justice done by that (Coetus) Assembly. Some ISTew 
York friends have complained to them of their unjust treatment 
by the Coetus. Thus they give their case to us for judgment, 
hoping that we will do them justice. They sign themselves as 
the Consistory of Queens County on Long Island. 

In a Postscript they further state : 

1. That some of them have recently spoken with Rev. Ritzema 
on this matter, and he seems to be sorry to have done what he did. 
They believe that Rev. Ritzema wishes in his heart that Classis 
would condemn his act, because that party had misled him; and 
now it does not heed him; for they side with Goetschius and 
Frelinghuysen and Leydt. 

N. B. They mean the two Frielinghuysens. 



OF THE State of New York. 3359 

2. Disturbances liave also again arisen among the cHurclies of 
Queens County by the action of the two Yrelanthuissen (Frieling- 
huysens) who are now trying to force a certain Mr. Thomas 
Romyn upon their churches, through that party which has sided 
with Goetschius. 

8. If their friends, elders and magistrates, have formerly writ- 
ten offensively to us, they beg pardon: it has given the people 
pain to hear such things, xxiii. 313-316. 

The JN'ew York College. 
Only Proper Method of Establishing a College supported by the 
Public Funds, to prevent Sectarianism, should be by Act of 
the Legislature. By William Livingston. April 12, 1753. 

(Extracts.) 

But I would first establish it as a Truth, that Societies have an indisputable Right 
to direct the Education of their youthful Members. If we trace the Wisdom of 
Providence in the Harmony of Creation; the mutual Dependence of human Nature, 
renders it demonstrably certain, that Man was not designed solely for his own 
Happiness, but also to promote the Felicity of his Fellow-Creatures. To this Bond 
of Nature, civil Government has joined an additional Obligation. Every Person bom 
within the verge of Society, immediately becomes a Subject of that Community in 
which he first breathes the vital Element; and is so far a part of the political Whole, 
that the Rules of Justice inhabit those Actions which, tho' tending to his own 
Advantage, are injurious to the public Weal. If therefore, it belongs to any to 
inspect the Education of Youth, it is the proper Business of the Public, with whose 
Happiness their future Conduct in Life is inseparably connected, and by whose 
Laws their relative Actions will be governed. 

Sensible of this was the Spartan Law-giver, who claimed the Education of the 
Lacedemonian Youth, as the unalienable Right of the Commonwealth. It was dan- 
gerous in his Opinion, to suffer the incautious Minds of those who were born Mem- 
bers of Society, to imbibe any Principles but those of universal Benevolence, and 
an unextinguishable Love for the Community of which they were Subjects. For 
this Reason, Children were withdrawn from the Authority of their Parents, who 
might otherwise warp their immature judgments in Favour of Prejudices and Errors 
obtruded on them by the Dint of Authority. But if this was considered as a pru- 
dent Step to guard the Liberty and Happiness of that Republic; methinks it will 
not be unadvisable, for our Legislature, who have it in their Power, to secure us 
against the Designs of any Sect or Party of Men, that may aim at the sole Govern- 
ment of the College. If there the youthful Soul is to be ingrafted with blind Pre- 
cepts, contracted Opinions, inexplicable Mysteries, and incurable Prejudices, let it 
be constituted by Charter. But if from thence we expect to fill our public Posts 
with Persons of Wisdom and Understanding, worthy of their Offices, and capable of 
accomplishing the Ends of their Institution, let it not be made the Portion of a 
Party, or private Set of Men, but let it merit the Protection of the Public. The only 
true Design of its Erection, is to capacitate the Inhabitants of this Province, for 
advancing their private and public Happiness; of which the Legislature are the 
lawful Guardians. To them, therefore, does the Care of our future Seminary of 
Learning properly and only belong. 

Reasons foe, Such Plajs". 

1. Instead of a Charter, I would propose, that the College be founded and incor- 
porated by Act of Assembly, and that not only because it ought to he under the 



1753 



3360 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Inspection of the civil Authority; but also, because such a Constitution will be more 
permanent, better endowed, less liable to abuse, and more capable of answering its 
true End. 

It is unreasonable to suppose, that an University raised by private Contribution in 
this Province, should arrive at any considerable Degree of Grandeur or Utility: The 
Bxpence attending the firet erection, and continual Support of so great a Work, 
requires the united Aid of the Public. Should it once be made an Affair of universal 
Concern, they will, no doubt, generously contribute by Taxes, and every other 
Means towards its Endowment, and furnish it by a provincial Charge, with what- 
ever shall be necessary to render it of general Advantage. But altho' our Assembly 
have already raised a considerable Fund for that Purpose, who can imagine they 
will ever part with or dispose of it to any other Uses, tlian such as they shall think 
proper and direct. If the College be erected at the charge of the Province, it ought 
doubtless to be incorporated by Act of Assembly; by which Means the whole Legis- 
latui-e will have, as they ought to have, the Disposition of the Fund raised for this 
Purpose. The Community will then have it in their Power to call those to an 
Account into whose Hands the public Monies shall be deposited for that particular 
Use. And thus the Sums thought necessary for the Improvement of Learning, will 
be honestly expended in the Service for which they are designed; or should they be 
embezzled, it might easily be detected, and publicly punished. Besides, no particular 
Set of Men can claim a right to dispose of the provincial Taxes, but those impow- 
ered by the Community; and therefore, if the Colony must bear the Expence of the 
College, surely the Legislature will claim the Superintendency of it. But if after 
all, it should be thought proper to incorporate it by Charter, it is to be hoped, they 
will reserve the public Bloney for some other use, rather than bestow it on a Col- 
lege, the Conduct of whose trustes would be wholly out of the Reach of their Power. 

2. A further Argument in Favour of its being incorporated by Act of Assembly, 
may be deduced from the End of its Institution. It is designed to derive continual 
Blessings to the Community; to improve those public Virtues that never fail to 
make a People great and happy; to cherish a noble Ardour for Liberty; to stand a 
perpetual Barrier against Tyranny and Oppression. The Advantages flowing from 
the Rise and Improvement of Literature, are not to be confined to a Set of Men. 
They are to extend their Chearful Influence thro' Society in general,— thro' the 
whole Province; and therefore, ought to be the peculiar Care of the united Body of 
the Legislature. The Assembly have been hitherto wisely jealous of the Liberties 
of their Constituents. Nor can they, methiixks, ever be persuaded, to cede their 
Authority in a matter so manifestly important to our universal Welfare, or submit 
the Guidance of our Academy to the Hands of a few. On the contrary, we are all 
so greatly interested in its Success, as to render it an Object worthy of their most 
diligent Attention,— worthy of their immediate Patronage. Should a Number of 
private Persons have the Impudence to demand of our Legislature, the Right of 
giving Law to the whole Community; or even should they ask the smaller Privi- 
lege, of Passing one private Act, would it not be deemed the Height of Effrontery? 
In what light then ought the Conduct of those to be considered, who, in claiming 
the Government of our University, ask no less considerable a Boon, than absolute 
universal Dominion. 

To a matter of such general, such momentous Concern, our Rulers can never too 
particularly apply their Thoughts, since under their Protection alone Learning must 
flourish, and the Sciences be improved. It may indeed be urged, that the Nature 
of their Employment forbids them to spend their Time in the Inspection of Schools, 
or directing the Education of Youth. But are the Rise of Arts, the Improvement of 
Husbandry, the Increase of Trade, the Advancement of Knowledge in Law, Physic, 
Morality, Policy, and the Rules of Justice and civil Government, Subjects beneath 
the Attention of our Legislature? In these are comprehended all our public and 
private Happiness; these are Consequences of the Education of our Youth and for 
the Growth and Perfection of these, is our College designed. 

3. Another Reason that strongly evinces the Necessity of an Act of Assembly, for 
the Incorporation of our intended Academy, is, that by this Means that Spirit of 
Freedom, which I have in my former Papers, shown to be necessary to the increase 
of Learning, and its consequential Advantages, may be rendered impregnable to all 
Attacks. While the Government of the College is in the Hands of the People, or 
their Guardians, its Design cannot be perverted. As we all value our Liberty and 
Happiness, we shall all naturally encourage those Means by which our Liberty and 



OP THE State of New York. 3361 

Happiness will necessarily be improved. And as we never can be supposed wilfully 
to barter our Freedom and Felicity, for Slavery and Misery, we shall certainly crush 
the growth of those Principles, upon which the latter are built, by cultivating and 
encouraging their Opposites. Our College therefore, if it be incorporated by Act of 
Assembly, instead of opening a Door to universal Bigotry and Establishment in 
Church, and Tyranny and Oppression in the State, will secure us in the Enjoyment 
of our respective Privileges both civil and religious. For we are split into so great 
a Variety of Opinions and Professions; had each individual his Share in the Gov- 
ernment of the Academy, the Jealousy of all Parties combating each other, would 
inevitably produce Freedom for each particular Party. 

Should the College be founded upon an Act of Assembly, the Legislature would 
have it in their Power, to inspect the Conduct of its Governors, to divest those of 
Authority who abused it, and appoint in their Stead, Friends to the Cause of Learn- 
ing, and the general welfare of the Province. Against this, no Bribes, no Solicita- 
tions would be effectual. No Sect or Denomination plead an Exemption. But as all 
Parties are subject to their Authority; so would they all feel its equal Influence in 
this Particular. Hence should the Trustees pursue any Steps but those that lead 
to public Emoluments, their Fate would be certain, their Doom inevitable. Every 
Officer in the College being under the narrow Aspect and Scrutiny of the civil 
Authority, would be continually subject to the wholesome Alternative, either of per- 
forming his Duty, with the utmost Exactness, or giving up his Post to a Person of 
superior Integrity. By this means, the Prevalence of Doctrines destructive of the 
Privileges of human Nature, would effectually be discouraged, Principles of public 
Virtue inculcated, and every Thing promoted that bears the Stamp of general 
Utility. 

But what remarkably sets an Act of Assembly in a Light far superior to a Charter, 
is, that we may thereby effectually counterplot every Scheme that can possibly be 
concerted, for the Advancement of any particular Sect above the rest. A Charter 
may, as I have shown in my last Paper, be so unexceptionably formed, as to incur 
the Disapprobation of no Denomination whatever; but unexceptionable as it may be, 
we cannot be sure of its Duration. A Second may succeed, which, perhaps, would 
be disapproved of by all but one Party. On the contrary, we are certain that an 
Act of Assembly must be unexceptionable to all; since Nothing can be inserted in 
it, but what any one may except against; and, as we are represented in the Assem- 
bly by Gentlemen of various Persuasions, there is the highest Probability, that 
every Clause tending to abridge the Liberty of any Particular Sect, would by 
some or other of our Representatives be strongly opposed. And this will still be the 
case, however repeatedly Innovations may be attempted by subsequent Acts. 

4. Another Advantage accruing to the College itself, and consequently to the Com- 
munity in general, is, that larger Donations may be expected, should it be incorpo- 
rated by Act of Assembly, than by Charter. Every generous Contributor, would 
undoubtedly be willing to have some Security for the Disposition of his Gratuity, 
consistent with the Design of his Donative. Nor is it improbable, that the most 
bounteous Person would refuse to bestow a Largess, without being convinced of the 
Honesty and Propriety of its Application. Under a Charter no Security to this pur- 
pose can possibly be expected. This is sufficiently evinced by my last Paper. Besides 
which If a Charter be obtained, it will without doubt, be immediately or eventually 
In favour of one particular Party; the Consequence of which will be plainly this, 
that the other Sects amongst us, being a vast Majority, instead of contributing to 
the Support of our Academy by private Donations, will endeavour to discourage 
each other from it. But should our University be established by Act of Assembly, 
as every Individual would bear a Part in its Government, so should we all be more 
fstrongly induced, by private Gifts, to increase its Endowments. 

Add to all this, that should the Persons intrusted with the immediate Care of 
our Nursery of Learning, commit any Error in their Conduct, the Act of Assembly 
would not be void, but in as full Force as if the Error had not been committed. 
And should they designedly transgress the Bounds of their Authority, the Act might 
be so constructed, as to disqualify them for holding their Offices, and subject them 
to the severest Penalties; to be recovered by his Majesty, or the Party aggrieved, 
or by both. It is also to be remarked, that should the Act of Incorporation be at 
any time Infringed, and the Liberty of the Students invaded, their Redress would 
be more easily obtained in a Court of Law. 



1753 



3362 Ecclesiastical Records 



1753 



The Legality of Such An Act. 

To this Scheme it may be objectod, that the Creating a Body-Politic by Act of 
Legislation, without a prerious Charter, is unprecedented, and an Infringement of 
the Prerogative of the Crown, and may possibly for those reasons be damned by the 
King, who cannot [can?] repeal a Charter; and farther, that every End that can be 
proposed by Act only, may be obtained by a Charter-Incorporate; and an Act pos- 
terior, confirming it, and enlarging and regulating the Powers of the Body. In 
Answer to which, let it be considered, that it is not only the King's Prerogative, 
to grant a Charter, but also to grant it upon certain Terms; a Non-Compliance with 
which, will cause its Repeal; and from thence arises the Precariousness of a 
Charter. Should an Act be passed in Consequence of a Charter, it must be either 
to prevent its Precariousness, or to add new Privileges to those granted by it. If 
the former should be the reason for passing an Act, it would militate against the 
Royal Prerogative, as well as an Act to incorporate the College; and therefore 
would, in all Probability, meet with the same Fate, and by that Means the Charter 
would stand alone. If the Act should be only in Aid of the Charter-, it would still 
leave it in as uncertain a State, as without an Act. So that in either Case the Col- 
lege would be exposed to those Inconvenieucies, which, in my last Paper I have 
shown to be natural Consequences of a Charter Government. Besides which, should 
the College be established by a Charter, the Public will lose most of those Advan- 
tages, which I shall in my next Paper propose, as some of the substantial Parts of 
an Act of Assembly. 

Many other convincing Arguments might be urged with Success, in favor of an 
Act of Assembly for the Incorporation of our intended College, would the Bounds 
of this Paper admit their Insertion. Those I have had Room to enforce, are, I am 
convinced, sufficiently striking, to engage the Assent of every candid and unpreju- 
diced Thinker. To the Wisdom of our Legislature, these Hints will be perfectly 
useless. Nor do I aim at anything more upon so important a Subject, than barely 
to open the Eyes of some of my less impartial Readers; and testify, how entirely 
the true Interest of this Province commands the most ardent and sincere Wishes of 
the Independent Reflector, pp. 79-82. 

The Church and the College. 

The Points Desirable in a Legislative Act Establishing a College, 
to prevent Sectarianism. April 19, 1Y53. By William Liv- 
ingston, 

That a College may be a Blessing or a Curse to a Community, according to Its 
Constitution and Government, I think appears sufHciently evident from my former 
Papers. That incorporating it by an Act of Assembly, will be the best Means of 
securing the fii-st, and avoiding the last, is in my Opinion, equally clear and Incon- 
testible. On a Subject of such general Importance; a Subject that concerns our 
Liberty and our Privileges, civil and religious; a Subject tliat will affect the Pros- 
perity of our Country, and particularly involves in it, the Happiness and Misery of 
our Posterity, it would have been unpardonable in a Writer, whose Services are 
entirely devoted to the Public, to have passed it over in Silence, or handled It with 
Indifference and Langour. No, it deserves my most deliberate attention, and fervent 
Activity; and calls for the Assistance of every Man who loves Liberty and the 
Province. Fully sensible of its unspeakable Importance, I shall now proceed to 
point out those things which in my Judgment, are necessary to be inserted in the 
Incorporating Act, for the Advancement of the true Interest of the College, and 
rendering it really useful to the Province. Such Things as will effectually prevent 



OF THE State op New York. 3363 

its being prejudicial to the Public, and guard us against all tlie Mischiefs we so 
justly apprehend, should it ever unhappily fall into the Hands of a Party. 

First: That all the Trustees be nominated, appointed and incorporated by the 
Act, and that whenever an Avoidance among them shall happen, the same be 
reported by the Corporation to the next sessions of Assembly, and such Vacancy 
supplied by Legislative Act. That they hold their O.ffices only at the good Pleasure 
of the Governor, Council and General Assembly. And that no Person of any Protes- 
tant Denomination be, on Account of his religious Persuasion, disqualified for sus- 
taining any Office in the College. 

In Consequence of this Article we shall have the highest Security, that none will 
be dignified with that important and honourable Office, but such as are really quali- 
fied for executing it, agreeable to the true Design of its Institution. Should either 
Branch, or any two Branches of the Legislature, propose and elect a Candidate 
obnoxious to the Third, the Negative of the latter is sufficient to prevent his Admis- 
sion. The three Branches concurring in every Election, no Party can be disobliged, 
and when we consider the Characters of the Electors, all Possibility of Bribery and 
•Corruption, seems to be intirely excluded. 

Secondly: That the President of the College be elected and deprived by a Majority 
of the Trustees; and all the Inferior Officers by a Majority of the Trustees with 
the President; and that the Election and Deprivation of the President, be always 
reported by the Trustees in this Matter, be then confirmed by the Legislature. 

By this Means the President, who will have the supreme Superintendency of the 
Education of our Youth, will be kept in a continual and ultimate Dependence upon 
the Public; and the Wisdom of the Province being his only Support, he will have a 
much greater Security, in the upright Discharge of his Duty, than if he depended 
solely on the Trustees, who are lil^ely to oust him of his Office and Livelihood thro' 
Caprice or Corruption. That Station being therefore more stable, will at the same 
time be more valuable; and for this reason we have the stronger Hopes of filling the 
President's Chair, with a Man of Worth and Erudition, upon whose good Qualifica- 
tions and Conduct, the Success and Improvement of the Students, will eminently 
depend. 

Thirdly: That a Majority of the President and Trustees, have power to make 
By-Laws not repugnant to the Act of Incorporation, and the Law of the Land. 
That all such By-Laws be reported to the House of Representatives at their next 
«ucceeding Session, in haec Terha, under the Seal of the College, and the Hands of 
the President and five Trustees; and that if they are not reported, or being reported 
are not confirmed, they shall be absolutely void. 

Hence it is easy to conceive, that as on the one hand there will be a great Secu- 
rity against the arbitrary and illegal Rule of the President and Trustees; so on the 
other, the immediate Governors of the College will have all proper Authority to 
make such salutary Rules as shall be necessary to advance the Progress of Litera- 
ture, and support a Decorum and Police in the Academy,— as well as maintain the 
Dignity and Weight which the Superiors of It ought undoubtedly to be enabled to 
preserve over their Pupils. 

Fourthly: That the Act of Incorporation contain as many Rules and Directions 
for the Government of the College as can be foreseen to be necessary. 

As all our danger will arise from the Mis-Rule of the President and Trustees; so 
all our Safety consists in the Guardianship of the Legislature. Besides, the Advan- 
tage herefore, of being by this Article secured from arbitrary Domination in the 
College; the Business of the Trustees and President will be less, and they with 
their Subordinates, more at Leisure to concert the Advancement of the College. 

The Fifth Article I propose is, that no religious Profession in particular be estab- 
lished In the College; but that both Officers and Scholars be at perfect Liberty to 



1753 



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3364 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

attend any Protestant Church at their Pleasure respectively. And that the Cor- 
poration be absolutely inhibited the making of any By-Laws relating to Religion, 
except such as compel them to attend Divine Service at some Church or other, 
every Sabbath, as they shall be able, lest so invaluable a Liberty be absurd and 
made a Cloak for lAcenciousness. 

To this most important Head, I should think proper to subjoin. 

Sixthly: That the whole College be every Morning and Evening convened 1o 
attend public Prayers, to be performed by the President, or in his absence, by 
either of the Fellows; and that such Forms be prescribed and adhered to as all 
Protestants can freely join in. 

Besides the fitness and indisputable Duty of supporting the Woi-ship of God 5ii 
the College; obliging the Students to attend it twice every Day, will have a strong 
Tendency to preseiwe a due Decorum, Good Manners and Vertue amongst thoni, 
without which the College may sink into Profaness and Disrepute. They will be 
thereby forced from the Bed of Sloth, and being brought before their Superiors, 
may be kept from Scenes of Wickedness and Debauchery, which they might other- 
wise run into, as hereby their absence from the College will be better detected. 

With Respect to the Prayers, tho' I confess there are excellent Forms composed 
to our Hands, it would rather conduce to the Interest of our Acadamy, if, instead 
of those, new Ones were collected, which might easily be done from a Variety of 
approved Books of Devotion among all Sects; and perhaps it may be thought better 
to frame them as near as possible In the Language of Scripture. The general Forms 
need be but few. Occasional Parts may be made to be Inserted when necessary; 
as in Cases of Sickness, Death, etc. in the College, or under general Calamities, as 
War, Pestilence, Drought, Floods, etc. and the like as to Thanksgivings. Many of 
the Forms of Prayer contained in the English Liturgy, are in themselves unexcon- 
tionably good; but as establishing and imposing the Use of those, or of any other 
Protestant Communion, would be a discriminating badge, it is liable to Objections, 
and will occasion a general Dissatisfaction. As the Introduction of them, therefore, 
will prejudice the College, it Is a sufficient reason against it. It will be a matter of 
no small difficulty to bring the greatest part of the Province, to the Approbation of 
praying at any Time by Forms; but since they are in this Case absolutely expedient, 
our Affection for the Prosperity of this important Undertaking, should incline us, 
while we give some Offence in one Article, to remove It by a compensation in 
another of less Consequence to the College. 

Seventhly: That Divinity be no Part of the public Exercises of the College, I 
mean, that It be not taught as a Science. That the Corporation be Inhibited from 
electing a Divinity Professor; and that the degrees to be conferred, be only in the 
Arts, Physic, and the Civil Law. 

Youth at a College, as I have remarked In a former paper, are incapable of makin^j 
a judicious choice in this matter; for this reason the Office of a theological Pro- 
fessor will be useless. Besides, Principles obtruded upon their tender Minds, by the 
Authority of a Professor's Chair, may be dangerous. But a main Reason in support 
of this Clause, is the Disgust which will necessarily be given to all Parties that 
differ in their Professions from that of the Doctor. The Candidate for the Ministry 
will hereby in his Divinity Studies, whenever he is fit for them, be left to the 
Choice and Direction of his Parents or Guardians. Besides, as most of the Students 
will be designed for other Imployments in Life, the Time spent in the Study of 
Divinity, may be thought useless and unnecessary, and therefore give Umbrage to 
many. Nor will their whole Course of Time at the College, be more than sufficient 
for accomplishing themselves in the Arts and Sciences, whether they are designed 
for the Pulpit, or any other learned Profession. And it may be justly doubted, 
whether a youth of good Parts, who has made any particular Proficiency in the 
Elements, or general Branches of Knowledge (his Instruction in which is the true 



OP THE State of New York. 3365 

and proper Business of a collegiate Education) would not be able to qualify himself 
for tbe Pulpit, by a Study of the Scriptures, and the best Divinity Books in the 
College Library, as well without as with the Aid of a Professor; especially if it be 
enacted. 

Eighthly. That the Officers and Collegians have an unrestrained Access to all 
Books in the Library, and that free Conversation upon polemical and controverted 
Points in Divinity, be not discountenanced; whilst all public Disputations upon the 
various Tenets of different Professions of Protestants, be absolutely forbidden. 

Ninthly: That the Trustees, President, and all Inferior Officers, not only take and 
subscribe the Oaths and Declaration appointed by Statute, but be also bound by 
solemn Oath, in their Respective Stations, to fulfil their respective Trusts, and pre- 
serve Inviolate the Rights of the Scholars, according to the fundamental Rules con- 
tained in the Act. And that an Action at Law be given and well secured to every 
inferior Officer and Student, to be brought by himself, or his Guardian, or prochein 
Amy, according to his Age, for every Injury against his legal Right so to be 
established. 

And in as much as artful Intrigues may hereafter be contrived to the Prejudice 
of the College, and a Junto be inleagued to destroy its free Constitution, it may 
perhaps be thought highly expedient, that the Act contain a Clause. 

Tenthly: That all future Laws, contrary to the Liberty and Fundamentals of this 
Act, shall be construed to be absolutely void, unless it refers to the Part thus to be 
altered, and expressly repeals It; and that no Act relating to the College, shall here- 
after pass tlie House of Representatives, but with the consent of the Majority of 
the whole House; I mean all the Members of Assembly in the Province. 

Nor would It be amiss to prescribe. 

Eleventhly: That as all Contests among the Inferior Officers of the College, should 
be finally determined by the Majority of the Members of the Corporation, so the 
latter should be determined in all their Dispute«, by a Committee of the whole 
House of Representatives, or the major part of them. 

These are the Articles which in my Opinion, should be incorporated in the Act 
for the Establishment of the College; and without which we have the highest 
Reason to think, the Advantages it will produce, will at best fall short of the 
Expence it will create, and perhaps prove a perpetual Spring of public Misery: — 
A Cage, as the Scripture speaks, of every unclean Btr(J;— The Nursery of Bigotry and 
Superstition:— An Engine of Persecution, Slavery and Oppression: — A Fountain 
whose putrid and infectious Streams will overflow the Land, and poison all our 
Enjoyments. Far be it from me to imagine I have pointed out every Thing requisite 
to the Preservation of Liberty, and the Promotion of the Interest of the College; I 
only suggest such Heads as occur. Beyond all doubt my Scheme is still imperfect. 
Should our Legislature themselves enter upon this momentous Affair, the Example 
of a British House of Commons, In Matters of great Importance, might be worthy 
their Imitation. I mean, that the Bill be printed and published several Months 
before it passes the House. The Advantage I would propose from this Step is, that 
while it only exists as a Bill, the Objections against it would be offered with Free- 
dom, because they may be made with impunity. The general Sense of the People 
will be the better known, and the Act accommodated to the Judgment and Esteem 
of all Parties In the Province.— /n(fepert<fen< Reflector, pp. 83-86. 



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3366 Ecclesiastical Records 

The Chuech and the College. 
Appeal to the Inhabitants of ISTew York against a Sectarian Col- 
lege. April 26, 1Y53. By William Livingston. 

My Dear Countrymen, 

In a Series of Papers, I have presented to your View the Inconveniences that must 
necessarily result from making the Rule of the College, the Monopoly of any single 
' Denomination. I have considered it in a Variety of Lights, and explored it's numer- 
ous Evils. To prevent them in the most effectual Manner, I have concerted a Plan, 
the Heads of which have been offered to your serious Consideration. Throughout 
the whole, I have given my thoughts with the Freedom and Independence suitable 
to the Dignity of the Subject, and the Character of an impartial Writer. Upon my 
Representation of the Matter, nor Awe, nor Hope, hath had an Influence. But urged 
by the Love of Liberty, and a disinterested Concern for your, and your Posterity's 
Happiness, I have disclosed the Importance,— the prodigious Importance of the 
present Question. 

Far be it from me, to terrify you with imaginary dangers, or to wish the Obstruc- 
tion of any Measure conductive to the public Good. Did I not foresee,— was I not 
morally certain of the most ruinous Consequences, from a Mismanagement of the 
Affair, I should not address you with so much Emotion and Fervor: But when I 
perceive the impending Evil; when every Man of Knowledge and Impartiality 
entertains the same Apprehension; I cannot, I will not conceal my Sentiments. In 
euch a Case, no Vehemence is excessive, no Zeal too ardent. The Alarm given is 
not confined to Particulars. No, the Effects I presage are dreaded far and wide as 
a general Calamity. Would to God our Terror was merely panic! but it is founded 
on the unerring Testimony of History, of Reason, and universal Experience. 

Nor fancy I aim at warping your judgment by the Illusion of Oratory, or the 
Fascination of Eloquence. If in the Sequel, I appear rather to declaim than prove, 
or seem to prefer the Flowers of Rhetoric to the Strength of Argument, it Is 
because, by the clearest Demonstration, I have already evinced the Necessity of 
frustrating so injurious a step. My Assertions have not been unsupported by Evi- 
dence; nor have I levell'd at your Passions, till I had convinced your Reason. After 
this, you will pardon a more animated Address, intended to warm the imagination, 
and excite your activity. 

Of Prejudice and Partiality, I renounce the Charge; having alike argued against 
all Sects whatever, as I am in reality perfectly neutral and indifferent. For the 
Sincerity of my Intentions, I lay my hand upon my heart, and appeal to the 
enlightened Tribunal of Heaven. 

Arise, therefore, and baffle the Machinations of your and their Country's Foes. 
Every Man of Vertue, every Man of Honour, will join you in defeating so iniquitous 
a Design. To overthrow it, nothing is wanting but your own resolution. For great 
Is the Authority, exalted the dignity, and powerful the Majesty of the People. And 
shall you the avowed Enemies of Usurpation and Tyranny, — shall you the Descend- 
ants of Britain, borne in a Land of Light, and rear'd in the Bosom of Liberty,— 
shall you commence Cowards at a Time when Reason calls so loud for your Mag- 
nanimity? I know you scorn such an injurious Aspersion. I know you disdain the 
Thoughts of so opprobrious a Servility; and what is more, I am confident the Moment 
you exert a becoming Fortitude, they will be shamed out of their Insolence. They 
will blush at a Crime they cannot accomplish, and desist from Measures they find 
unsuccessful. Some of you, perhaps, imagine all Opposition unavailable. Banish so 
groundless a Fear. Truth is Omnipotent, and Rea.son must be finally victorious. Up 
and try. Be Men, and make the Experiment. This is your Duty, your bounden, your 
indispensable Duty. Ages remote, and Mortals yet unborn, will bless your generous 



OP THE State of New York. 3367 

Efforts; and revere the friendly Hand that diverted the meditated Ruin, as the 
Saviour of his Country. 

The Love of Liberty is natural to our Species, and an Affection for Posterity, 
interwoven with the human Frame. Inflamed with this Love, and animated by this 
Affection, oppose a Scheme so detrimental to your Privileges, so fatal to your Pro- 
geny. Perhaps you conceive the Business is done. What! do you take it for granted 
that so it must be! Do you not then thinli yourselves free? Our Laws, our Assem- 
blies, the Guardianship of our Mother Country, the mildest and the best of Kings, 
do they not convince you that hitherto you know not what is Servitude? And will 
you trifle with an inestimable Jewel? Will you dance on a Precipice, and lay your 
hand on a Cockatrice's Den? Unresisting will you yield, and resign without a 
struggle? Will you not even venture at a Skirmish, to bequeath to your Posterity 
the priceless Treasure yourselves enjoy? Doubtless you resent the Insinuation. 
Courage then my Brethren. Reason is for us, that reason whose awful Empire is 
spurned by your Adversaries; for such are those whoever they be, that aspire to a 
Superiority above their fellow Subjects. Whence then should proceed your Remiss- 
ness in a Concern so momentous? When so tame a Submission, so ignominious a 
Compliance? Thou Genius of Liberty dispensing unnumber'd Blessings! Thou Spirit 
of Patriotism ever watchful for the public Good! Do ye inspire us with Unanimity 
in so interesting a Cause, and we will assert our Rights against the most powerful 
Invasion! 

APPEAL TO THE MEMBERS OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 

You, Gentlemen of the Church of England, cannot but condemn the unaccountable 
Assurance of whatever Persuasion, presumes to rob you of an eqtial Share in the 
Government of what equally belongs to all. With what Indignation and Scorn, must 
you, the most numerous and richest Congregation in this City, regard so insolent an 
Attempt! You who have the same Discipline, and the same Worship with the 
Mother Church of the Nation, and whose fundamental Articles are embraced by all 
protestant Christendom,— what Colour of Reason can be offered to deny you your 
just Proportion in the Management of the College? Methinks a due Respect for the 
national Church, nay common Decency and good Manners, are suflicient to check 
the presumptuous Attempt, and redden the Claimant with a guilty Blush. Resent, 
therefore, so shameless a Pretence, so audacious an Incroachment. 

APPEAL, TO THE DUTCH CHURCH. 

Nor can you Gentlemen of the Dutch Church, retrospect the Zeal of your Ances- 
tors in stipulating for the Enjoyment of their religious Privileges, at the Surrender 
of the Province, without a becoming Ardor for the same Model of public Worship 
which they were so anxious in preserving to you in its primitive Purity. Or higher 
still, to trace the Renown of your Progenitors, recollect their Stand, their glorious 
and ever memorable Stand against the Yoke of Thraldom, and all the horrors of 
ecclesiastic Villainy, its inseparable Concomitants. For their inviolable Attachment 
to pure unadulterated Protestantism,' and the inestimable Blessings of Freedom civil 
and sacred. History will resound their deathless Praises; and adorned with the pre- 
cious Memorials of their heroic and insuppressible Struggles against Imposition and 
Despotism, will shine with eternal and undecaying Splendor. Impell'd by their 
illustrious Example, disdain the Thoughts of a servile Acquiescence in the usurped 
Dominion of others, who will inevitably swallow up and absorb your Churches, and 
efface even the Memory of your having once formed so considerable a Distinction. 
Pity methinks it would be and highly to be deplored, that you should, by your own 
folly, gradually crumble into Ruin, and at length sink into total and irrecoverable 
Oblivion. 

APPEAL TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

Remember Gentlemen of the English Presbyterian Church, remember with a sacred 
Jealousy, the countless Sufferings of your pious Predecessors, for Liberty of Con- 
science, and the Right of private Judgment. What Afflictions did they not endure. 



1753 



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3368 Ecclesiastical Records 

Ti'hat fiery Trials did they not encounter, before they found in this remote Corner of 
the Earth, that Sanctuary and Requiem which their native Soil inhumanly deny'd 
them? And will you endanger that dear-bought Toleration for which they retired 
into voluntary Banishment, for which they agonized, and for which they bled? 
What drove your Ancestors to this Coimtry, then a Dreary Vv'aste and a barren 
Desert? What forced them from the Land of their Fathers, the much-loved Region 
where first they drew the vital air? What compelled them to open to themselves a 
passage into these more fortunate Climes? Was it not the Rage of Persecution and 
a lawless Intolerance? Did they not seek an Asylum amongst the Huts of Savages 
more hospitable, more humanized than their merciless Oppressors? Could Oceans 
stop or Tempest retard their Flight, when Freedom was attacked and Conscience 
was the Question? And will you entail on your Posterity that Bondage, to escape 
which they braved the raging Deep, and penetrated the howling Wilderness! 

APPEAL, TO THE QUAKERS. 

You, my Friends, in Derision called Quakers, have always approved yourselves 
Lovers of civil and religious Liberty; and of universal Benevolence to Mankind. 
And tho' you have been misrepresented as averse to human Learning, I am confi- 
dent, convinced as you are of the Advantages of useful Literature, by the Writings 
of your renowned Apologist, and other celebrated Authors of your Persuasion, you 
would generously contribute to the Support of a College founded on a free and 
catholic Bottom. But to give your Substance to the rearing of Bigotry, or the 
tutoring Youth in the enticing Words of Man's Vanity, I know to be repugnant to 
your candid, your rational, your manly Way of thinking. Since the first Appearance 
of the Friends, thro' what Persecutions have they not waded? With what Difli- 
culties have they not conflicted, e'er they could procure the unmolested Enjoyment 
of their Religion? This I mention not to spur you to revenge the Indignities offered 
to your Brethren, who being now beyond the Reach of Opposition and Violence, you, 
I am sure will scorn to remember their Tribulations with an unchristian Resent- 
ment. But to make their inhuman Treatment a Watch-Tower against the like 
Insults on your Descendants, is but wise, prudent and rational. At present, as ever 
you ought, you enjoy a righteous Toleration. But how long you will be able to 
boast the same Immunity, when the fountain of Learning is directed, and all the 
Offices of the Province engrossed by one Sect, God only knows, and yours it is to 
stand on your Guard. 

APPEAL TO THE FRENCH, THE LUTHERAN AND OTHER CHURCHES. 

Equally tremendous will be the consequences to you, Gentlemen of the French, 
of the Moravian, of the Lutheran, and of the Anabaptist Congregations, tho' the 
Limits of my Paper deny me the Honour of a particular Application to your 
respective Churches. 

Having thus. My Country-Men, accosted you as distinct Denominations of Chris- 
tians, I shall again address you as Men, and reasonable Beings. 

APPEAL TO THE CITIZENS IN GENERAL. 

Consider, Gentlemen, the apparent Iniquity, the monstrous Unreasonableness of the 
Claim 1 am opposing. Are we not all members of the same Community? Have we 
not an equal Right? Are we not alike to contribute to the support of the College? 
Whence then the Pretensions of one in Preference to the Rest? Does not every 
Persuasion produce Men of Worth and Virtue, conspicuous for Sense, and renowned 
for Probity? Why then should one be exalted and the other debased? One pre- 
ferred and the other rejected? Bating the Lust of domineering, no Sect can pretend 
any Motive for Monopolizing the Whole? Let them produce their Title, and we will 
submit. Or do they think us so pusillanimous that we dare not resist? What! are 
we to be choaked without attempting to struggle for Breath? One would, indeed, 
imagine the Business teas done, and that with a Witness. One would fancy he 
already beheld Slavery triumphant, and Bigotry swaying her enormous, her despotic 
Sceptre. But you, I trust, will assuage their Malice, and confound their Devices. 
You, I hope, will consider the least Infraction of your Liberties, as a Prelude to 
greater Encroachments. Such always was, and such ever will be the Case. Recede, 
therefore, not an Inch from your indisputable Rights. On the Contrary declare 
your Thoughts freely, nor loiter a Moment in an Affair of such unspeakable Conse- 



OF THE State op New York. 3369 

quence. You have been told it,— Posterity will feel it. Indolence, Indolence hns 
been the source of irretrievable Ruin. Laugour and Timidity, when the Public Is 
concerned, are the Origin of Evils mighty and innumerable. Why then in the name 
of Heaven, should you behold the Infringement, supine and inanimate? Why should 
you too late deplore your Irresolution, and with fruitless Lamentation bewail your 
astonishing, your destructive Credulity? No; defeat the Scheme before it is carried 
into Execution. Countermine it e'er it proves irreversible. Away with so pestilent 
a Project: Suffer it no longer to haunt the Province, but stigmatize it with the 
indelible brands of the most scandalous Infamy. Alas, when shall we see the 
glorious Flame of Patriotism lighten up, and blazing out with inextinguishable 
Lustre? When shall we have One Interest, and that Interest be the Common Oood? 

To assert your Rights, doth your Resolution fail you? To resist the Domination 
of one Sect over the Rest, are you destitute of Courage? Tamely will you submit, 
and yield without a Contest? Come then, and by Imagination's Aid, penetrate into 
Futurity. Behold your Offspring ti-ained in Superstition, and bred to holy Bondage. 
Behold the Province over-run with Priest-craft, and every Oiflce usurped by the 
ruling Party! 

Pause, therefore, and consider. Revolve the Consequences in a dispassionate Mind. 
W^eigh them in the Scale of Reason, in the Balance of cold deliberate Reflection. By 
the numberless Blessings of Liberty, heavenly-born;— by the uncontroulable Dic- 
tates of Conscience, the Vicegerent of GOD;— by the Horors of Persecution, con- 
ceived in Hell, and nursed at Borne;- and by the awful name of Reason, the Glory 
of the human Race; I conjure you to pluck out this Thorn, which is incessantly 
stinging and goading the Bosom of every Man of Integrity and Candour? 

EQUAL TOLERATION THE BASIS OP LIBERTY. 

Next to the most patriot King that ever graced a Throne, and the wisest Laws 
that ever Blessed a People, an equal Toleration of Conscience, is justly deemed the 
Basis of the public Liberty of this Country. And will not this Foundation be under- 
mined? Will it not be threatened with a total Subversion, should one Party obtain 
the sole Management of the Education of our Youth? Is it not clear as the Sun in 
bis Meridian Splendor, that this Equality,— this precious and never-to-be-surrendered 
Equality, will be destroyed, and the Scale preponderate in Favour of the Strongest? 
And are we silent and motionless, to behold the Abolition of those invaluable Bul- 
warks of our Prosperity and Repose? Is not the Man,— the Man do I call him? Is 
not the Miscreant, who refuses to repel their Destruction, an Accomplice in the 
Crime? Does he not agree to sacrifice that which, next to the Protection of our 
Mother Country, constitutes our Security, our Happiness, and our Glory? He Is 
beyond Question chargeable with this aggravated Guilt.— Let us, therefore, strive 
to have the College fouuded on an ample, a generous, an universal Plan. Let not 
the Seat of Literature, the Abode of the Muses, and the Nurse of Science; be trans- 
formed into a Cloister of Bigots, an habitation of Superstition, a Nursery of ghostly 
Tyranny, a School of rabbinical Jargon. The Legislature alone should have the 
direction of so important an Establishment. In their Hands it is safer, incompar- 
ably safer, than in those of a Party, who will instantly discover a Thrift for Domin- 
ion, and lord it over the rest. 

Come on then. My Country-Men, and awake out of your Lethargy! Start, O start, 
from your Trance! By the inconquerable Spirit of the ancient Britons;— by the 
Genius of that Constitution which abhors every Species of Vassalage;— by the 
unutterable Miseries of Priest-Craft, reducing Nations and Empires to Beggary and 
Bondage;— by the august Title of Englishmen, ever impatient of lawless tyrannic 
Rule;— by the grand Prerogatives of Human Nature, the lovely image of the infinite 
Deity;— and what is more than all, by that Liberty wherewith Christ has set us free;— 
I exhort, I beseech, I obtest, I implore you, to expostulate the Case with your 
Representatives, and testify your abhorrence of so perillius, so detestable a Plot. 
In imitation of the Practice of your Brethren In England, when an Affair of Moment 
Is on the Carpet, petition your respective Members to take it into their serious Con- 
sideration. Acquaint them with your Sentiments of the Matter, and I doubt not, 
they will remove the Cause of your Disquiet, by an Interposition necessary to the 
public Prosperity, and eventual of their own immortal Honour.— Independent Reflector, 
pp. 87-90. 



1753 



3370 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 - ; 

The Classis of Amsteedam. 

Address to the Consistory of G-ermantown and Philadelphia, 

May 7, 1753. 

Honorable and Highly Reverend Gentlemen, the Pastor and Elders of the High 
Dutch Church, at Philadelphia and Germantown:— 

From a copy of your letter. Rev. Gentlemen, to the Deputati Synodi, sent to us- 
through H. Steiner, we have learned about the difficulties which have caused a 
separation between your congregation (Germantown) and that of Philadelphia, and 
which act, you, Rev. Gentlemen, deemed advisable; and also that you desire ta 
obtain from the Synod another minister and schoolmaster. 

Our anxiety to know about the welfare of the Zion in Pennsylvania, compels us ta 
request you. Rev. Gentlemen, in a friendly and fraternal manner, to let us know the 
true condition of this case. What is the reason, and in what manner have you (of 
Germantown) and the church of Philadelphia, chosen new pastors? 

Up to the present time we have seen no reasons why the relation which Mr. 
Schlatter sustains to the congregation, and the relation which the congregation sus- 
tains to him, should be dissolved. The declaration (rcvers), signed by Mr. Schlatter 
a copy of which was forwarded to us by Messrs. Steiner and Rubel, has a very sus- 
picious look to us. We cannot discover the reason why such declaration (revers} 
should have been demanded, neither, also, why it was granted, inasmuch as it did 
not ai all concern the church at Germantown. 

We have long pondered the matter, and, rot without reason, we consider that Mr. 
Schlatter has distinguished himself by his efforts in behalf of the Church of Christ 
in Pennsylvania. He also, while here, rendered her very valuable services. Hence 
It looks strange to us that in many special letters accusations are brought up 
against him. We cannot condemn him, because his guilt is not adequately proven. 
We greatly regret that so great hatred toward Rev. Schlatter has arisen on account 
of the donations from Holland-moneys collected years ago. More recently he has 
really received the money from Reiff and has rendered an account to our Classis 
and Synod. Neither can it be unknown to you. Rev. Gentlemen that he was 
acquitted at Philadelphia by the appointed judges, after a thorough examination of 
the whole matter. The original Acts may be found in possession of our Synods. 

Nevertheless, you, Rev. Gentlemen, will not at all accept our views. You act as if 
we were assuming authority over your congregation, or were trying to impose Mr. 
Schlatter or some one else upon you. It matters little to us by whom your congre- 
gation is fed and edified as long as it is really done at all. 

We extend the brotherly hand to you as well as to the other congregations; if 
they only take them at the Coetus, and accept of our suggestions. Otherwise, you. 
Gentlemen will not think it wrong, if we do not lavish our donations where our 
advice is not regarded. 

Resolved cum voto. Amsterd. May 7th 1753. 

G. Kulenkamp, J. de Jonge, T. Alb. van Muyden, J. J. Kessler. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Letter to Haagoort. 

1753, May 7th. Art. 3. The Eev. Depp, ad res Exteras read 
a letter in reply to the letter sent to us by Eev. Haagort, dated 
December 10, 1752, for reference to which see previous Acta. 
The Rev. Assembly approved the answer of the Depp, thereonj^ 
and the letter shall be sent off. xii. 338. 



OF THE State of New York. 3371 



1753 



Letter from Wemich. 
Art. 8. A letter was read from John Emilius Wernich of 
Stone Arabia, (i^.Y.), dated September 14, 1Y52, addressed to 
Mr. Hoedemaker, p.m.( ?) Vide Acta, Art. 10, of the previous 
Classis. No answer shall be returned thereto, until further word 
shall have come from the Coetus of Pennsylvania, when action 
shall be taken thereon as occasion may determine, xii. 339. 

A Letter from Jamaica Answered. 
Art. 9. A letter from Jamaica, (Long Island), by Simon van 
Noordwyk, etc., and the answer thereto by the Depp, ad res 
Exteras, having been read, the answer was approved, and shall 
be forvt^arded. xii. 339. 

A Letter from ]S[ew York, with the Acta of Coetus, 
and the answer thereto. 

Art. 10. A letter from the Coetus of ITew York, and the Acta 
of the Coetus, of September 21, 1752, were read; also the answer 
thereto by our Deputati. This was approved with thanks to the 
Brethren for their trouble, xii. 339. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to Rev. Gerard Haaghoort, May 7, 
1753, Vol. 31, page 9, No. 6. 

To Rev. Haaghoort at Second River, (Belleville, N. J.) 
Rev. Brother:— 

Along with other letters you will receive one addressed to the Committee on the 
case of Rev. Muzelius of Tappan. This is in answer to the Committee's letter of 
Dec. 6, 1752, which we received in March, (1753.) We have also received the enclosed 
letter of Dec. 11, 1752. In answer, we say, in reference to the letters written to us 
July 17 and Dec. 6, 1751, that we still hold ourselves to the letter written by us on 
Sept. 4, 1752. 

In reference to Rev. Mariuus: We understand from your letters as well as from 
the Acts of the Coetus of Sept. 1752 that this gentleman was examined and qnalifled 
for the ministry by the Coetus of New Yoris, in order to become the preacher at 
Aquackononck, which congregation belongs to the Coetus of New York. It follows 
that he must be examined by that body and not by the Coetus of Pennsylvania. 

Whether the Synod, (which gave its consent to the request of Rev. Schlatter) was 
notified that Aquackononck belonged to New York, is not known to us. But that we 
here in the North Holland Synod, know something about the churches of New York, 
(and more than you suppose) you will leara from the Acts of the Synod; nor do we 
think that the Christian Synod did wrong in sending a letter to Rev. Du Bols. 

70 



1753 



3372 Ecclesiastical Records 

And although the Syuod has given authority to examine Rev. Marinus, etc., this 
act of theirs does not give our Classical Assembly the same right and power, to 
grant such a privilege to the Coetus of New York; and you yourselves know that 
the Classis absolutely prohibits this right. 

You desire to have the exact opinion of the Classis on this subject; that we should 
give our advice in order to avoid all discord; and whether there are no means by 
which this could be accomplished. We cheerfully labor, and try as hard as we can, 
to correct matters by our deliberations and advice. But our own pastoral duties 
do not allow us to give particular attention to all little difflciilties brought up by 
an individual pastor; and even affairs which have relation in common to all the 
churches of New York cannot well be administered by us, so long as they are not 
regularly brought up through the Rev. Coetus of New York. 

Ifurthermore, considering the remarks which you made on the union of the (Ger- 
man Reformed) Church of Pennsylvania with that of the Scotch Presbyterians, you 
will find in the Acts of the Synod of 1751, Art. 45, and in those of 1752, Art. 45, that 
that Christian Assembly dots not give its sanction to such a union. We also hope, 
on account of reasons therein found, and to avoid other difliculties, that the churches 
of New York will guard themselves against separation from the National Church of 
Holland. 

Remembering you in our prayers, we remain with respect, Reverend Brother, 

Your obedient servants and Fellow-workers, the Members of the Classis of 
Amsterdam; In the Name of all, 

Jacob de Jonge, V. D. M., Amst. Dep. CI. h. t. Praeses. 
John Albert van Muyden, Ecc. Amst. Dep. CI. h. t. Scriba. 

Done in our Classical Assembly at 
Amsterdam, May 7, 1753. 



Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus of ISTew York, May 7, 1753. 
Vol. 31, page 13, 'No. 8. 

To the Coetus of ^^ew York. 

Rev. and Very -learned Gentlemen, and ^tuch-beloved Fellow- 
workers : 
We were very much pleased to receive on the 19th of April of 
the present year, (1753) your letter of Sept. 19th 1752, signed 
with the names of Rev. Fryenmoet as President and Rev. De 
Ronde, as scribe, in the name of all the Rev. Gentlemen. In 
addition to this we also received the Acta Coetus, held on Sept. 
19th and following days, 1752 with an annexed ducument re- 
lating to ISTew Paltz. We heartily thank you for your goodness 
in sending us these records and other documents, and we promise 
on our part that we will not be lacking in maintaining this cor- 
respondence, so desirable and necessary, and we pray the Lord 
to add his blessing to it. It is cause of much joy and a good 
ground of hope that the Lord will not withhold his blessing in 
that we notice in your letter and in the proceedings of the Coetus, 



OF THE State of New York. 3373 

that love and peace with general harmony prevail among you, — 
and in such a place the Lord will dwell. 

Especially must we inform you that the Classis of Amsterdam 
received "^dth thankfulness the account of your deliberations in 
the case of Mr. Marinus. We think it was advisable to examine 
that gentleman in the Coetus of 'New York inasmuch as Aquack- 
ononck belongs to that Coetus. We are glad to hear that he gave 
so much satisfaction, that you had no objection to advance him 
and ordain him to the ministry. We trust that the Most High 
will use him as a blessed instrument in his hand for the ingather- 
ing of souls, and the establishment of others in the faith of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

We hope that that which is determined concerning Oysterbay 
and Jamaica may be followed with good results. Moreover, it is 
our duty to inform you of the reception of a letter from Jamaica 
on the 12th ( ?) dated Feb. 3rd, 1753, and signed by Simeon 
Van Noortwyck, Abraham Schenck, Paulus Amerman and 
Daniel Durye, in the capacity of a Consistory of Queens County. 
In this they complain of Eev. Kitzema in that he had appointed a 
Consistory without the consent of the congregation, and that that 
Consistory was ordained in the English Presbyterian Church. 
They say that they will not recognize it as legal, following therein 
the example of the churches of jN"ewtown and Hempstead; and 
that the Coetus of JSTew York has recognized this Consistory and 
condemned them without trial, for they were not summoned. The 
establishment of this Consistory then, by Kev. Eitzema, is the 
reason why the four congregations cannot call a pastor. There-- 
fore they have protested and appealed to Classis. In a postscript 
they further say, that some of the adherents of Goetschius are still 
attempting to force a certain Mr. T. Eomeyn upon their congre- 
gations. 

We deem it our duty, for the sake of our brotherly correspond- 
ence, to give you, in brief, the contents of that document, nor 
will we keep secret the answer to that letter. 

" That we, after having shown our grief on account of the 
divisions among them, find ourselves not able to deliberate on the 



1753 



3374 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

matter they have brought up, "because of lack of clear light on 

the subject; and also because the act in dispute was not in itself 

legal, inasmuch as it was not certified by the Coetus, which ought 

to have been done. Other reasons were also mentioned. Tur- 

thermore, we have advised them to take part (in the Coetus ?) in 

seeking in spirit of love to put an end to the discord. We have, 

therefore, impressed upon them the necessity of exercising, just 

as far as possible, love, peace and harmony." 

'Now our loving request to you. Gentlemen, is that you will 
have the goodness to uphold these views with all your powers. As 
much as possible, direct affairs that no further difficulties may 
arise, and that those which now exist may be brought to an end, 
through a spirit of meekness, and in behalf of the peace of the 
Church. We trust that this may be accomplished, while we 
commit this case to your wisdom and prudence, especially the 
affair of the said Romeyn. We also ask you to give us more 
light on the whole subject. 

We have read with satisfaction in your Acta the advice which 
you have given to Rev. Van Sinderson, vi2;., to visit all the mem- 
bers of the congregations on Long Island, and in a fraternal 
manner to admonish the disobedient ones. We hope he has suc- 
cessfully performed this duty, and that he has won the hitherto 
refractory ones by kindness and gentleness. It grieves us to hear 
that Rev. Arondeus still continues obstinate, and that troubles 
and difficulties continue. We have shown heretofore our pro- 
found interest in this whole affair, in our letter to you of Dec. 5, 
1752, wherein we gave our opinion. Therefore we do not enlarge 
on this matter now, but hope to hear good news concerning it in 
another letter. We also learn with satisfaction that the business 
with P. De Wind is brought to an end; that the sentence was 
carried out to which he had justly subjected himseK, and that 
he has gone to the West Indies. His sentence was based upon 
the Acts of the Classis of JSTetherland (ISTeder Veluwe ?), and not 
on the letters of Rev. Wynstok. We have written to P. De Wind 
as well as to you, more particularly on this matter. (Dec. 5, 
1752), that if he had any charges against Rev. Wynstok, (which 



OP THE State op New York. 3375 

1753 

have no relation to our judgment in this case), he must make his 
complaint to the judges who are competent in the case. These 
are difficult and unpleasant matters which, we could have wished, 
had never occurred. 

Since we are at present hindered by many things, we take the 
liberty to refer you to that which we wrote you on July 17th and 
Dec. 5th 1752. From this you have already seen that we have 
given our consent to the separation of the churches of the Paltz 
and Kingston ; also that we have allowed the calling of the Rev. 
Vrooman (to the former) and have qualified him accordingly. He 
left in April of the present year, (1753) together with those other 
gentlemen, Jakobus and Ferdinand Frelinghuysen. James 
Schuneman was examined by our Classis on Jan. 9th 1753, and 
ordained as pastor of the Catskill, etc. They have agreed to unite 
with the Coetus. May the Lord guide them in their journey that 
they may arrive in safety to build up Zion in your midst. 

Finally, we must testify our grief concerning the bad conduct 
and unfortunate condition of Rev. Muzelius. On this subject the 
Rev. Deputati of the Coetus wrote us on Dec. 10th 1752, which 
we answered on April 2nd 1753, which we suppose you have 
already read. We therefore rest therein, as we would not trouble 
you to read the same thing twice. 

Having nothing more of importance to write, we close. We 
commend you, Rev. Gentlemen, and all who are dear to you, with 
brotherly affection to the Lord and the word of his grace. 

The Lord enlighten, support, help and comfort you, and bless 
your labor unto the salvation of many souls. 

We call ourselves. Rev. Gentlemen and Respected and Beloved 
Brethren, Your obedient servants, the Members of the Classis 

Amsterdam, of 

In the name of all, 
Jakobus Jonge, V.D.M. Amst. Depp. Classis, h. t. Praeses. 
John Albert van Muyden, V.D.M. Amst. Depp. h. t. Scriba. 

In our Classical Assembly, 

Amsterdam, May 7th, 1753. 



3376 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Brethren in Queens County, 
Long Island; May 1, 1753. Vol. 31, p. 17, :N'o. 9. 

To the Rev. Gentlemen and Brethren in Queens County, Long 
Island, J. Van ISToordwyk, A. Schenck, G. Ammerman, D. 
Durye, at Jamaica : — 

We received your letter from Jamaica on the 12th ; 

which was dated Feb. 3rd 1753, and signed by the Consistory of 
Queens County, Long Island. We learned therefrom with grief, 
that the formation of a Consistory by Rev. Ritzema, although 
declared legal by the Coetus of ISTew York, had occasioned much 
trouble. This we considered the more deplorable, since we have 
so often attempted to make an end of these difficulties on Long 
Island, and bring about a restoration of peace. We are, there- 
fore, especially grieved to learn that these flames of discord have 
not yet been extinguished. 

We would gladly give further advice, but we are obliged to 
say that we are not able, because we have received no further 
light on matters by your letters. We cannot pronounce judge- 
ment on the case, because we have knowledge only from one side. 
You write that you have appealed unto Classis on this matter. Of 
this we do not find any mention in the Acta Coetus sent us. We 
suppose, therefore, you have not put your appeal in writing, 
which must previously be done, giving also the reasons for the 
same. Only in such a way can an appeal be made to Classis. 
TsTevertheless we would be glad to consider the matter, and have 
the difficulty ended, that the fires of discord may not become 
greater by the prolongation of the strife, destroying everything 
about it. We trust that the God of Love may incline the hearts 
alienated to love, peace and friendship; for only under such cir- 
cumstances can God bestow his blessing, which is Life. We trust 
that you, Rev. Gentlemen, will be as one in bringing this about. 
May our brotherly advice and admonitions be accepted by you, 
that you appear as examples to others. Let there be no vain sus- 
picions nor underground prejudice, suspecting those of partiality, 



OP THE State op New York. 3377 

1753 

who must officially consider and decide respecting these evils in 
the fear of the Lord. We will be most happy to hear that the 
congregations are again living in peace. We wish in every pos- 
sible way to promote their welfare, and therefore we will not 
withdraw ourselves, even if the matter cannot be brought to a 
termination at once by the Coetus. We will deliberate on the 
case more carefully when we have received another letter from 
you and the Coetus. Further, Brethren, may the Lord be with you, 
and grant you all the necessary light and wisdom to enable you 
to establish peace among the now distracted members of the 
Church. 

We sign our names with love and affection. Rev. Gentlemen 
and Brethren, Your obedient servants and brethren. The Members 

of the Classis of Amsterdam, 

In the name of all, 

Jacob de Jonge, Ecc. Amst. Dep. CI. h. t. Praeses 

J. A. Van Muyden, Ecc. Amst. Dep. CI. h. t. Scriba. 

In our Classical Assembly at Amsterdam, May 1, 1753. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Deputies of the Synods of South 
and North Holland, May 7, 1753. (As to the right of licensing 
and ordaining in the East Indies. The same Principle partially 
applicable to America.) Vol. 31, ISTo. 10, page 19 

To the Very Eeverend, the Deputies of the Synods of South and 

N"orth Holland : 

Highly Reverenced, Godly and Very Learned Sirs : — 

At our last meeting of the Classis, held April 2nd, 1753, we 
learned from the mouths of your very Revd. brethren, Messrs. 
Kulenkamp and Van den Broek, that your Reverences wished and 
asked to know whether our Classis could give your Reverences 
any light on a certain Church Order, introduced in the East Indies, 
and on the right of the Rev. Consistory of Batavia to qualify 
ministers and candidates. Reference was specially made to the 
Acts of 1623, 1628, 1629, 1630, Aug. 5, 1631 ; also 1643, 1644, 
1670, Dec. 17, 1671, Aug. 14, 1674. 



3378 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

It was a pleasure to us to comply with your Reverences' request 
and desire ; and so we requested and recommended our Deputies 
on Foreign Affairs to make a careful investigation in reference 
to these matters. We have the honor of communicating herewith 
to your Revs, what has come to our knowledge of those projects 
mentioned. And, first of all, we would speak of the qualifying 
of ministers and candidates in the Indies, 

In 1662 the Assembly of their Honors, the Seventeen (Directors 
of the Company) took action to send candidates to India, as can- 
didates. After rendering good proof of their ability, these might 
then be qualified as ministers in the Indies. In the year 1663 
the Classis of Amsterdam remonstrated, in the name of all the 
Classes where there are Chambers, (Offices of the India Com- 
panies) with the candidates to be examined and qualified in this 
country, as heretofore. Hereupon report was made to the Classis 
April 26, 1663 to the effect that the Assembly of the Seventeen 
had resolved to proceed after the old order, and to allow the 
candidates sent from here to be first examined, and, with laying 
on of hands, ordained, to the second ministry. It is to be re- 
marked here that those of Batavia had themselves urged the Rev. 
Classis to make this request, and were rejoiced at the favorable 
action taken. 

ISTevertheless, those of Batavia did shortly after, in the year 
166Y, and several times subsequently, to the displeasure of other 
churches in the Indies, qualify Visitors of the Sick as candidates, 
and then qualify these candidates as ministers. 

In 1671, Arts. 12-15, and in 1672, Art. 11, the Synod of IsTorth 
Holland took strict action against such procedure for bidding the 
same by a letter addressed to the Assembly of the Seventeen. 
Answer was received purporting that their Honors would take 
such action in the matter, as, they doubted not, would be agreeable 
to the Churches. 

In 1671 the Consistory of Batavia complains of the Classis of 
Amsterdam for disputing its right thereto; and it now qualifies 
again three candidates, and calls upon the Synods of South and 
ISTorth Holland and the Classis of Walcheren to help them in 



OF THE State of New York. 3379 

1753 

maintaining that right. The deputies of the Synod, together with 

the Deputies of the Classis of Amsterdam, have in possession the 

letter written from Batavia, December, 16Y1 to the Synod, and 

approved by Synod, 1679, Art. 11, a copy of which is kept in the 

Synodical Chest. 

An extract of this letter is to be found in the Acts of Synod 
of South Holland held at Breda in the year 1752, Art. 5. 

In 1675, Arts. 8 & 9, the Synod wrote again in reply to it. 
According to Acts of Synod, 1677, Art. 8, 9, those of Batavia 
declared that they were following the judgement of the Synod, 
and had never done otherwise ; but still they kept talking about 
their rights. The Synod thereupon resolves to await first an 
answer to the letter written by the Synod in 1675. 

In 1679 the Synod is surprised at not having received an answer 
to its last letter. It regards this fact as showing that those of 
Batavia (do not?) submit themselves to the judgement of the 
Synod. If fresh instances should occur, these must be com- 
municated to the Synod. 

In November, 1747 the Classis, in name of the Synod com- 
plained to the Assembly of their Honors, the Seventeen, about 
the qualifying of candidates and ministers in the Indies. That 
complaint is renewed in April, 1748, and again in September, 
1748 ; and, at last, answer was received to the effect that the 
Assembly of the Seventeen had previously authorized the Con- 
sistory of Batavia in the matter. On the 22nd of October, 1749 
the Classis, in name of the Synod requested that the Consistory 
of Batavia might be restrained, except in a few cases, with the 
knowledge of the highest Church Assembly in ]S[etherland. It 
was replied that this right had been accorded the India Churches, 
almost from the organization of the East India Company, and 
that measures would be taken against the abuse of it. In 1750 
the Classis did, pursuant to Synodical resolution, request the 
Chamber of Amsterdam never again, (as had happened, at 
Colombo), to examine one, by a single Consistory, upon the simple 
proposal of the High Government. The Chamber forwarded this 
request to the Assembly of the Seventeen. On the 6th of October, 



3380 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

1751, the Classis in the name of the Synod, renewed it before 

the Assembly of the Seventeen. The reply vv-as that their Honors 

would take it into consideration. 

This, Honorable Sirs, is what we have for your information 
on the one part of your Honors' request. 

As to the second part, that of a certain Church Order introduced 
in the East Indies, we take the liberty of mentioning to your 
Reverences, that the matter has been acted on as recorded in the 
Acts of the Synod of l^orth Holland, from 1623 to 1630 inclusive ; 
from which your Revs, can obtain additional light. 

We have found further that those of Batavia did, in December, 
1644, send on to the Classis, a Church Order made in 1643. 

This Church Order is to be found in " Valentyn's Old and New 
East Indies." 

But the Classis deemed it to be injurious, and wrote to those 
of Batavia an emphatic protest against it. The Classis asked the 
Assembly of the Seventeen that that Church Order be made 
inoperative; to which their Honors reply, that they would write 
to the Indies and do in the matter what the best order of the 
church and civil government there might require. In December, 
1646, those of Batavia excuse themselves, saying that it was a 
matter of necessity. Whereupon the Classis in reply expresses 
its confidence that they will abrogate that Church Order and 
maintain the right of the churches. 

In the Acts of the Synod, Oct. 1748, also, mention is made of a 
Church Order for the East Indies, established by the Governor 
and the Council in September, 1743 ; but we have not been able 
to find the same, nor even those of 1623 and 1643. Only, after 
much searching, did we find an extract from the Church Order 
of Batavia, namely the 5th and 6th Articles, a copy of which we 
herewith enclose. A copy, also, of an extract from the action 
taken by the Assembly of the Seventeen at Amsterdam, Jan. 12, 
1654, in which mention is made of the India Church Order. That 
of September, 1743, has, as it seems to us, been approved by the 
said Assembly solely in regard to the ordination of ministers in 
the Indies. 



OF THE State of New York. 3381 

1753 

Then we have noticed that in the Acts of the Deputies of the 
Classis, of Jan. 17, 1644 (?) it stands recorded that the Church 
order, sent by the Synod to those of Batavia in 1623, (to which 
those of Batavia referred in a letter written to the Synod in 
December, 1671), having been found in the Synodical Chest, 
together with other papers touching the India matters, the Depu- 
ties of the Synod met together with the Deputies of this Classis 
for the purpose of putting in form their views on the letter from 
Batavia concerning qualifying candidates, and ministers, etc. 
Since now it is stated in the Acts of Synod, 1674, that the letter 
composed by those Deputies, is approved, and a copy of it kept in 
the Synodical Chest, it would as we think, be worth while to search 
for those letters, as, no doubt, both of these documents would 
throw much light on the subject. 

More information we cannot give to your Reverences. We 
hope that, what we have collected here may in a measure gratify 
your Reverences' desire. Like your Reverence we wish most 
heartily that the good order and edification of the India Church 
may be promoted. Meanwhile, after prayer for God's arerea? 
blessing upon your Reverences' persons, families, holy ministra- 
tions and weighty cares, which you undertake to the welfare of 
G od's Church and the Glory of his great ISTame, we have the honor, 
v/ith due respect and fraternal affection, to call ourselves, 

Highly Reverenced and Very Learned Sirs, Your Reverences 
obedient servants and brethren, members of the Classis of Amster- 
dam, and in the name of all. 



Was 



Signed 



Jacob de Jonge, V. D. M. Amst. Depp. Classis, 

h. t. Praeses. 
Johan Alb. Van Muyden, V. D. M. Amst. Depp. 

h. t. Scribe. 



Amsterdam, at our 
Classical Assembly, 
May 7, 1753. 



1753 



3382 Ecclesiastical Records 

The Peoposed College in ISTew York. 

1T53, May 30. George Clinton, Governor. 

In his Address to General Assembly " The resolution 

you made at the close of the last session, for establishing a Semi- 
nary for the education of youth within this colony, is laudable 
and worthy your diligent prosecution, and most serious attention. 
Council Journal, 1110. 

Chaetee oe the Five Chueches : New Beunswick, Raeitan, Six- 
Mile Run, Millstone (now Haelingbn) and ISToeth-Beanch 
(now Readington). 

Granted June 7th, 1Y53. 

George the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Prance, and Ireland 
King, Defender of the Faith, etc. To all whom these presents shall come, greeting: 
Whereas, divers and sundries of our loving subjects inhabiting within the several 
Counties of Somerset, Hunterdon, and Middlesex, in our Province of New Jersey, 
in behalf of themselves and others, being of the Dutch Protestant Reformed Church, 
by their humble petition presented to our trusty and well-beloved Jonathan Belcher, 
Esq., Captain General in Chief in and over our Province of New Jersey and terri- 
tories thereon depending in America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral in the same, 
etc., setting forth that the petitioners are very numerous and daily increasing, and 
consist of five churches and congregations, to wit, the church and congregation of 
North Branch, the church and congregation of New Brunswick, the church and 
congregation of Six-Mile Run, the church and congregation of Millstone. 

That the most advantageous support of religion among them requires that some 
persons among them should be incorporated as trustees for the community, that 
they may take grants of lands and chattels, thereby to enable the petitioners to 
erect and repair public buildings, for the worship of God, school-houses and alms- 
houses, and for the maintenance of the ministry and poor, and that the same trus- 
tees may plead and may be impleaded in any suit touching the premises, and have 
perpetual succession; and we have nothing more at heart than to see the Protestant 
religion in a flourishing condition throughout all our dominions, and being graciously 
pleased to give all due encouragements to such of our loving subjects who are 
zealously attached to our person, government, and the Protestant succession in our 
royal house, and to grant the request of petitioners in this behalf: 

Know ye, that we of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have 
willed, ordained, constituted, and granted, and by these presents for us, our heirs 
and successors, do will, ordain, constitute, and appoint, that the Rev. John Light, 
(Leydt), John Frelinghuj^sen, Ministers, John Middlemirth, Peter Williams, Peter 
Van Ess, Andrew Ten Eyck, Daniel Cybym, Peter Montford, Henrick Fisher, Cor- 
nelius Bennet, William Williams, Luke Vorhees, David Nevius, Simon Van Arsdalen, 
John Strieker, Reynior Vechten, elders, and Frans Cusart, Andrew Monton, John 
Brocaw, Harman Lean, Cornelius Wykoff, Peter Schamp, Hendrick Van Deursen, 
John Messelaer, Abraham Hize, Christopher Hoglan, Rem Garretson, Cornelius 
Van Arsdalen, Andrew Hagaman, Abraham Hagaman, and James Van Arsdalen, 
deacons, of the Dutch Reformed congregation above named, and the counties afore- 
said, and their successors hereafter, the minister or ministers, elders and deacons 
of the respective churches or congregations, which at or any time hereafter, be duly 
chosen or appointed, shall be and remain one body politick and corporate in deed 
and fact, by the name of the trustees of the Dutch Reformed Church of Raritan, 
North Branch, New Bi-unswick, Six-Mile Run, and Millstone, in the counties afore- 
said: 



OF THE State of New York. 3383 

And that all and every one, the ministers, elders, and deacons, before herein 
expressed, shall be the first trustees of the said churches and congregations now by 
these presents constitute, and made one body politick by the name of the trustees 
of the Protestant Dutch Reformed Church, and shall so remain until others are 
duly called, chosen, and put into their respective place or places, and that they, the 
said body politick and corporate, shall have perpetual succession in deed, fact, and 
name, to be known and distinguished by the name of the Trustees of the Dutch 
Reformed Church; and all deeds, grants, bargains, sales, leases, evidences, or other- 
wise whatsoever, which may anywise relate or concern the corporation, and also 
that they and their successors, by the name of the Trustees of the Dutch Reformed 
Church of Raritan, North-Branch, New Brunswick, Six-Mile Run, and Millstone, in 
the counties aforesaid, be and forever hereafter shall be, persons able in law to 
purchase, take, hold, or enjoy, any messuages, houses, buildings, lands, tenements, 
rents, or whatsoever in fee and forever, or for time of life, or lives, or in any other 
manner, so as the same exceed not at any time in the yearly value of seven hundred 
pounds sterling, per annum, beyond and above all charges, and reprizes, the statute 
of mortmain, or any other law to the contrary notwithstanding, and also goods, 
chatties, and all other things to what kind soever: 

And also that they and their successors, by the name of the Trustees of the 
Reformed Dutch Church, shall and may give, grant, demise, or otherwise dispose 
of all or any of the messuages, houses, buildings, lands, tenements, rents, and all 
other things as to them shall seem meet, at their own will and pleasure; and also 
that they and their successors, be and forever hereafter shall be persons able in law 
to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, defend 
and be defended in all courts and places, before us, our heirs and successors, and 
before us, or any of the judges, officers, or ministers of us, our heirs and suc- 
ceesors, in all and all manners of actions, suits, complaints, pleas, causes, matters, 
and demands whatsoever: 

And also that the same trustees of the Dutch Reformed Churches above named 
for the time being, and their successors, shall and may forever hereafter have and 
use a common seal, with such device or devices as they shall think proper, for 
sealing all and singular deeds, grants, conveyances, contracts, bonds, articles of 
agreements, and all and singular their affairs touching or concerning the said 
Corporation. 

And we do now further ordain, will, or grant, that all and every such lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments corporeal or incorporeal, money, goods, and chattels, 
which at any time before or after the date of these our letters patent have been, 
or shall be, devised, given, or granted to all or any of the particular churches above 
named, within the said several counties of Hunterdon, Somerset, and Middlesex, or 
to any person or persons, in trust for them, shall be and remain in the peaceable 
and quiet possession of the Corporation, according to the true intent or meaning of 
such device, or devices, gift or gifts, grant or grants; that the trustees by these 
presents appointed, shall continue and remain the trustees of the Dutch Reformed 
Church of Raritan, North-Branch, New Brunswick, Six-Mile Run, and Millstone, in 
the counties aforesaid, until others shall be chosen according to the manner, cus- 
toms, and methods now in use among the said Protestant Dutch Reformed Churches, 
which persons so-called, elected, and chosen, shall have all the power and authori- 
ties of the above-named trustees, and all and every such person or persons so newly 
called, elected, and chosen, as aforesaid, shall remain until other fit persons in like 
manner be called, elected, and chosen, in their respective rooms and places, and so, 
toties quoties. 

And we do further ordain, give, grant, that there bo a meeting of the several 
trustees of the churches aforesaid, at the Raritan public place of worship, in the 
County of Somerset, on the first Tuesday of August next after the date of these 
our letters patent and thereafter at such time or times, place or places, within the 
said counties as to them or the major part of them shall seem meet and convenient; 
and then and there, by plurality of votes, choose a president out of them, for the 
time being, who shall have the custody of the seal or seals of the said Corporation, 
and all books, charters, deeds, and writings, any way relating to the said Corpora- 
tion; and shall have power from time to time, and all times hereafter, as occasion 
shall require, to call a meeting of the said trustees, at such a place within the said 
counties as he shall think convenient, for the execution of all or any of the powers 



1753 



1753 



3384 Ecclesiastical Records 

hereby given and granted; and in case of sickness, removal, or death of the presi- 
dent, all the powers by these presents granted to the president, shall remain on the 
senior trustee upon record, until the recovery of the president, or until a new 
president be chosen as aforesaid. 

And we do further will, ordain, give, or grant that eivery act and order of the 
major part of the said trustees consented or agreed to at such meeting as aforesaid 
shall be good, valid, and efCectual to all intents and purposes as if the said number 
of the whole trustees had consented and agreed thereto. And we do further will 
and ordain that all the acts of the said trustees, or any of them, shall from time to 
time be fairly entered in a book or books, to be kept for that purpose by the presi- 
dent of the trustees, together with the seal of the said corporation and all charters, 
deeds, writings whatsoever, any way belonging to the said Corporation, shall be 
delivered over by the former president to the president of the said trustees newly 
elected, as such president shall hereafter successively from time to time be chosen. 
And we do further of our special certain knowledge and mere motion for us, our 
heirs and successors, by these presents give and grant unto the said trustees of the 
Dutch Reformed Church, the ministers, elders, and deacons above-named, and their 
successors forever, that they and their successors, all and singular, the rights, privi- 
leges, power, beneiits, emoluments, and advantages to be hereby granted, shall and 
may forever hereafter have, hold, enjoy, and use without hindrance or impediment 
of us, our heirs or successors, or of any of the justices, sheriffs, eseheaters, coroners, 
bailiffs, or other officers and ministers, whatsoever of us, our heirs or successors: 

And that these our letters being entered upon record in our secretary's office of 
New Jersey, and the record and the enrollments thereof, and either of them and all 
and everything therein contained, from time to time and at all times hereafter, be 
and shall be firm, valid, good, sufficient, and effectual in law towards and against 
us, our heirs and successors according to the true intent and meaning thereof, and 
in and through all things shall be construed and taken and expounded most benignly 
and in favor for the greatest advantage and profit of the trustees of the said Dutch 
Reformed Church of Raritan, North-Branch, New Brunswick, Six-Mile Run, and 
Millstone in the counties aforesaid, and their successors forever, notwithstanding 
any defect, default, or imperfection may be found therein, or any other cause or 
thing whatsoever. In testimony whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent, and the great scale of our province to be hereunto affixed, and the 
same to be entered of record in our secretary's office of said Province of New Jersey 
in one of the books of record therein remaining. Witness our well-beloved and 
trusty Jonathan Belcher, Esq., our Captain-General, and Governor-in-Chief in and 
over our said Province of New Jersey, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral of the same, 
by and with the advice and consent of our council of our said Province at Burling- 
ton, the seventh day of June, and in the twenty-sixth year of our reign. 

(Signed) Jonathan Belcher, Gov. 



Lottery Bills foe a College iiir New York. 

1753, June 15. George Clinton, Governor. 

Lottery Bill as above for raising one thousand one hundred and twenty five pounds 
more for College, etc. pp. 1113-4, 1116, 1117. Enacted, 1118, July 4, 1753. Re-enacted, 
Dec. 12, 1753, Jas. De Lancey, Lieutenant Governor p. 1144. Again, Dec. 7, 1754, p. 
1181. Revived, Aug. 14, 1755, p. 1212. 



OF THE State of New York. 3385 

COBRESPONDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Rev. Jolin Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam, June 25, 

1753. 

Portfolio " 'New York " Vol. II. 

x\lso in Vol. XXIII, 390. 

Very Reverend Sirs, Members of the Classis, Assembled at Amsterdam: 
Very Reverend Fathers in Christ: 

In my last, I had the pleasure of informing your Reverences of the happy circum- 
stance, the calling of the young man, Thomas Romein. The legality of that call, 
whatever might be urged against it, I flatter myself to be able to prove beyond 
dispute. In this letter, now, I make known to your Revs, the circumstance of 
another call, extended with the greatest unanimity to the young man, Willem 
Jackson. He is to take the place of that godless de Windt. Not only the Consis- 
tories, but also the members and hearers generally; yea, even those who, from fear 
of a too rigid piety, had embraced de Windt; when they heard of the godly walk of 
this young man, did now the more earnestly enter as one man into this call. And, 
as they allowed but eighty pounds for the yearly support of de Windt, they have 
now generously and cheerfully voted one hundred pounds. This, the comparison of 
the calls, proves. 

I do not know that even a dog will open his mouth against this call. Yet I have 
myself advised something different in the manner of making out these calls, espe- 
cially in reference to ministers in these regions; but, which, in all cases, I should 
be glad to see followed out; namely, that the calls be first handed in to our Coetus, 
and the documents in proof be there examined and approved. Heretofore I ui-ged 
this plan, in the caiiing of Mr. de Ronde, so as to prevent such disorders as formerly 
ran the ploughshare through Raritan (Church), and which now do the same through 
the Long Island churches. But nothing of the kind has occurred here (Bergen), so 
far as I know. There being no law here, (in America, about these things) there is 
no transgression. As your Revs, ordered it, or (to put it more mildly), advised it, 
I would be the first to give my vote for it, in order to prevent the sad consequences 
of worrying and stumbling at the end, (in the rear). Truth and justice are glad to 
be seen in their own forms, while falsehood and injustice are afraid of being seen 
near by, and find it to their advantage when the judges have to look at them from 
a distance, and through ground glasses, so as to distort the view, in order to avoid 
or delay the right. Your Revs, have proof of this in the case of Arondeus and his 
followers. The Church of Queens County, however, did cover its rear, by a previous 
permission to nominate. This, it requested and obtained from our Coetus, which 
was something unusual among us; but, as I now think, it was wisely directed by 
the providence of God. Your Revs, will now have cause for joy in the fact that, in 
the place of that godless de Windt, a godly Jackson has been given to those poor 
churches. At any rate my heart is agreeably enlarged by the thought of it. I well 
remember how my heart (soul) moved within me toward those poor souls, when I 
perceived that a wolf, which had not yet lain down with the lamb, had been 
appointed to be their watchman. 

The fifth and youngest son of my parents, will, if the Lord permit, go (to Holland) 
soon after this writing. Further, leaving everything to the guiding hand of Him 
who is mighty, and whose work to the honor of his name and for the extension of 
his kingdom affords the soul the pleasure of a care without anxiety, I remain, after 
heartily praying for every precious blessing upon your Revs.' persons, families and 
ministry, 

Very Reverend Fathers, the Classis of Amsterdam, Your Revs.' Obedient Servant 
and Fellow-worker, 

John Frielinghuysen. 
Raritan, 

June 25, 1753, 
No. 201. 



1753 



3386 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Classis of Amsteedam. 

Acts of the Deputies, May 25, 1753. (But this date must be 
Wrong. See below. Probably last of June). 

(Abstract.) 

Xo. 181. 

Letter from Jamaica, of April 5, 1753, signed by Paul Amer- 
man, Albertus Schenck, Simeon van ISToortwyck, Daniel Duryee, 
as Consistory, by order and in the name of Jamaica, in Queens 
County, with one enclosure. Received May 25, 1753. 

In this letter, they say that their condition compels them to 
seek our aid. They have tried hitherto to pacify the party of 
those who side with Goetschius, in an ecclesiastical way, but they 
continue to refuse it. 

Then, on October 14, (1752) Theodore Frelinghuysen (of 
Albany) came among their people in order to enable a student, 
Thomas Romyn, to exercise his gifts before the Goetschius party ; 
but, so they write, Romeyn did not come with him at that time, 
inasmuch as he was ill. 

On ISTovember 19, 1752, John Frilinghuysen (of Raritan) and 
(Thomas) Pomeyn came among them, without having been 
ecclesiastically invited; and he caused his gifts to be heard by 
the Goetschius party. Thus it came to pass that the church of 
Oyster Bay, and a part of the church of Jamaica, made out a 
call, with the aid of John Frilinghuysen, on the aforesaid Romeyn. 
About this call, they have learned that it reads, — (called) by the 
four imited congregations of Queens County; (the contrary 
appears from the letter of call, and Roniyu says that the people 
of Xewtown and Hempstead, by the advice of the E"ew York 
ministers, keep quiet about it ; but that, if they are also willing to 
unite, it shall not be refused to them) ; but they, the undersigned, 
profess that they are entirely outside of this, and they protest to 
Classis against that call, and hope that Classis will not approve it ; 
but if we approve it, the last schism will be worse than the first. 
They beg that we will take interest in their now so long divided 
congregations. They have for a long time sought for peace : 



OF THE State of New York. 3387 

1753 
even as late as the 16th of June, 1753, they had fraternally ad- 
monished them to let Romeyn go, so that the four churches could 
unitedly call one Pastor and Teacher through the Classis of 
Amsterdam; but all was in vain. They could tell more about 
their disquiettudes, but what they have said they deem sufficient. 
They conclude with salutations. 

In a Postscript, they further say, that over in that country they 
had also protested against Romyn, that he might not undertake 
the journey, (to Amsterdam, for ordination). This appears from 
the enclosed note. Also the church of Newtown and a part of 
Hempstead have done the same. 

2. The enclosure is a letter to Mr. Thomas Romyn, signed by 
these same four persons, and dated Jamaica, June 22, 1753. 

The letter begins : M^e the undersigned, the Consistory of the 
churches mentioned below, and signed at the close by us as named 
above, Paul Ammerman, Jamaica, Jan. 22, (June 22 ?) 

They understand that Romyn has accepted a call prepared 
under the supervision of Kev. John Frilinghuysen, from the 
church of Oyster Bay, including even the undersigned churches. 
This appears strange to them, because thus no compliance was 
exhibited with the previous resolutions of the Classis ; nor with 
the resolution of the Rev. Coetus, which had nominated Rev. 
de Ronde as consulting minister; but Rev. John Frelinghuysen 
was neither Consulting Minister nor Circle Brother (Ring 
Breeder) , It was also in conflict with the purpose of Classis, 
which had in mind the harmony of the congregations in requiring 
Rev. Goetschius to leave. That purpose, however, by this man- 
ner of calling (a minister) is rent asunder, as much as it would 
have been by the remaining of Rev. Goetschius, inasmuch as 
there is now, notwithstanding, the erection of a congregation 
within a congregation. Therefore they protest against that call, 
while they reserve their rights. They caution the Classis, and 
vdll see to it, as much as is possible, that his call shall not be 
approved by the Classis. 

The student Romyn, being asked if this letter had been handed 
to him, answered, ISTo ; but he submitted a note, signed at Success, 
71 



1753 



3388 Ecclesiastical Records 

that is, Hempstead, Feb. 3, 1Y53, by Messrs. Schenck and Joiin 

Hegeman as members of the Consistory at Success. This stated 

that they had heard with surprise that he had accepted a call, 

moderated by (John) Frelinghuysen, and made out by the 

churches of Oyster Bay and part of Jamaica, and also including 

the congregations undersigned. This appears strange to them, 

for they do not recognize Frelinghuysen, but rather de Ronde, 

as the manager of their church affairs. They advise him not to 

proceed with the call, as it would tend rather to confusion than 

to peace, for they would oppose him in it. 

XXIII. 31Y-321. 

The Church and the College. 

Reverend Samuel Johnson to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 

June 29, 1753. 

May it please your Grace 

This humbly waits upon Your Grace by Mr. Smith a very ingenious Young Gentle- 
man, in whose favor you wrote to Mr. Chief Justice De Lancey. — He is now return- 
ing and desires, (as is fit) some account of his conduct since he hath been in these 
parts, may be transmitted to Your Grace;— which I the rather very willingly do, as 
it falls in with a part of that duty which we owe to Your Grace, which is to inform 
you of the condition of things with regard to the church and religion in these parts 
of the woi'ld — 

Your Grace will then be pleased to give me leave to inform you, That "As the 
church doth hither westward fly— So sin doth dog and trace her instantly." To use the 
words of good old Mr. Herhert—Theve is scarce anything of note written by the free- 
thinkers, (as they affect to call themselves) to the detriment of Christianity, but 
what is transmitted hither and propagated among us, and greedily read and inbibed 
by many conceited and unthinking people;— As Truth and Virtue propagate, Error 
and vice go side by side, and I fear will gain the Ascendant; which makes it 
extremely melancholy that we cannot be favoured with a good Bishop to assist and 
go before us in stemming the torrent. 

Among other pernicious books the Independent Whigg grows much in vogue; and a 
notable set of Young gentlemen of figure in New York, have of late set up for 
writers in that way, in a weekly paper called the Independent Reflector — Several 
worthy gentlemen of the Church in that province have of late been embarked in a 
design of erecting a College as a Seminary of the Church, though with a free and 
generous toleration for other denominations. — Upon which these Reflectors have been 
indefatigable in their paper, and by all possible means both public and private, 
endeavouring to spirit up the people against us, and to wrest it out of the Church's 
hands, and make it a sort of free-thinking or latitudinarian Seminary, as your Grace 
will see by several of these paper Mr. Smith will lay before you. 

We have several of us been writing in the Church's defence against them, and 
endeavoring, not without some success to defeat their pernicious schemes. — Among 
others, I beg leave to inform Your Grace how much we are obliged to this Young 
gentleman for his excellent labours, whose behaviour hath been very vii'tuous inof- 
fensive and amiable in all respects, and who hath exerted himself with great zeal 
and industry, and no less good sense and discretion in the Church's cause, and hath 
wrote several things with very good advantage for promoting that College, and for 
the advancement of learning in these parts, and particulai-ly an excellent draught 
of a College, a copy of which I herewith send Y'our Grace, by which you will see to 
how good purpose he hath spent his time, and with what benevolent and affection- 
ate public spirit he hath been consulting the best interest of this Country, though 



OP THE State of New York. 3389 

a stranger in it.— We are extremely Ictii to part with him, as he would make a very 

excellent Tutor in our College especially in the Belles Lettres, and I humbly beg 

your Grace's influence with him that he may return again to us for this purpose. 

As he has a Draught which contains the principal steps the Assembly have taken 

with regard to their College I beg leave to refer you to him for anything further, 

and remain, may it please Your Grace 

Your Grace's Most dutiful Son and most obedient humble Servant, 

(signed) Samuel Johnson. 

Stratford in New England, 

June 29th, 1753. 

—Col. Docs. N. Y. Vol. vi. p. 777. 

Classis of Amsteedam, 
Acts of the Deputies, July d, 1753. 
(Abstract.) 
1^0. 186. 
Letter from the Consistory of the two united Dutch Churches 
of Jesus Christ at Jamaica and Oyster Bay, on Long Island. 
Without date, but placed in our hands by Mr. Thomas Romyn, 
July 3, 1753. 

Since Rev. Goetschius had been taken away from them, on 
account of disturances which had arisen, they had not only been 
without a minister, but also Rev. Arondeus, (who had made such 
great troubles in Kings County, had fallen upon them in their 
pastorless condition. Lamentably enough, he had torn them 
asunder by constituting an unlawful and schismatic Consistory. 
This he had forced upon their churches and had drawn a thought- 
less crowd after him. They who hold themselves strictly to the 
decisions made by this Classis, and who submit to the Coetus, had 
called, with the helping hand of Coetus, the student Thomas 
Romyn. They request that we will examine him and ordain him 
by the laying on of hands, according to Church Order, and that 
as soon as possible. They conclude with salutations. 

XXIIL 330. 

^ MoNEY^S FOR THE CoLLEGE IN ISTeW YoEK. 

Colonial Laws of 'New York. Chapter 932. 

An Act for Raising the Sum of One Thousand one Hundred and Twenty-five Pounds 
by a Publick Lottery for a further provision towards founding a COLLEGE for 
the advancement of Learning within this Colony. [See Nov. 5, 1751.] 

(Passed, July 4, 1753.) 
INASMUCH as it will greatly tend to the Welfare and Reputation of the Colony 
that a proper and ample Foundation be laid for the Regular Education of Y'outh 



1753 



1753 



3390 Ecclesiastical Records 

and as So good and Laudable a design must Readily Excite the Inhabitants of this 
Colony to become adventurers in a Lottery of which the Profits Shall be Employed 
for the founding a College for that purpose. 

BE IT ENACTED by his Excellency the Governor the Council and General 
Assembly and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same that a Lottery be 
Erected within this Colony and that for and towards the Raising the Sum of One 
Thousand One Hundred and Twenty five Pounds it Shall and may be Lawfull for 
any Person or Persons Native or Foreigners Bodies Politick or Corporate to Con- 
tribute by Paying at or before the Respective times by this Act Limited in that 
behalf to any Person or Persons herein after to be appointed for that purpose the 
Sum of One Pound Ten Shillings or diverse Entire Sums of one Pound Ten Shillings 
upon this Act and that every Contributor or adventurer for every Such Sum of One 
Pound Ten Shillings which he She or they Shall So advance Shall be Interested in 
Such Lot or Share of and in the Said Lottery Established by this Act as is herein 
after directed and appointed and the Same Entire Sums of One Pound Ten Shillings 
each are hereby appointed to be paid unto Such Person or Persons aforesaid on or 
before the first Tuesday in November Next. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid That Peter Van Brugh 
Livingston and Jacobus Roosevelt Bsq'rs Shall be Managers for preparing and deliv- 
ering out Tickets receiving of Money for the said Tickets and to oversee the Draw- 
ing of Lots and to order do and Perform Such other Matters and things as are 
hereafter in and by this Act directed and appointed by Such Managers to be done 
and performed and that Such Managers Shall meet together from time to time at 
Some Publick Place as to them Shall Seem most Convenient for the Execution of 
the Powers AND Trust in them reposed by this Act and that the Said Managers 
Shall Cause Books to be prepared in which every leaf Shall be divided or distin- 
guished into three Colimns and upon the innermost of the Said three Columns there 
Shall be Printed Five Thousand Tickets Numbered One Two Three and So onward 
in Arithmetical .Progression where the common Excess is to be one until they arise 
to the Number of Five Thousand and upon the Middle Column in every of the Said 
Books Shall be Printed Five Thousand Tickets of the Same breadth and form and 
Numbered in like manner and in the Extreme Column of the Said Books there Shall 
be Printed a Third Rank or Series of Tickets of the Same Number with those of the 
other Columns which Tickets Shall Severally be of an Oblong Figure and in the 
Said Books Shall be joined with Oblique lines Flourishes or Devices in Such Manner 
as the Said Managers Shall think most Safe and Convenient and that every Ticket 
in the Extreme or third Column of the Said Books Shall have Printed thereupon 
besides the Number the following Words, Viz., The possessor of this Ticket if 
drawn a Prize Shall be intituled to the Prize so drawn Subject to Such deduction 
as is directed by an Act of this Colony in that behalf. 

AND it is further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that the Said Managers 
Shall carefully Examine all the Said Books with the Tickets therein and that the 
Same be Contrived Numbered and made according to the true Intent and Meaning 
of this Act and all and every Such Manager or Managers Respectively is and are 
hereby directed and required upon his or their receiving of every intire Sum of One 
Pound Ten Shillings in full Payment for a Ticket from any Person or Persons Con- 
tributing or adventuring as Aforesaid to Cut out of the Said Book or Books through 
the Said Oblique lines flourishes or Devices Indentwise a Ticket off the Tickets in 
the Said Extream Columns which one of the Said Managers Shall Sign with his 
own name and he or they shall permit the Contributor or adventurer (if it be 
desired) to write his or her name or Mark on the two Corresponding Tickets in the 
Same Book and at the Same time the Said Managers or one of them Shall deliver 
unto the Said Contributor or adventurer the Ticket So Cut off which he She or they 
are to keep and use for the better Ascertaining and Securing the Interest which he 
she or they his her or their Executors administrators or Assigns Shall OR may have 
in the Said Lottery for the Money's So by him her or them Contributed or adven- 
tured untill the Said Adventure by the Drawing the Lots and the Payment of Such 
Tickets as Shall be fortunate Shall be fully determined. 

AND be it further Enacted that the Said Managers at a Meeting as aforesaid 
Shall Cause all the Tickets of the Middle Columns in the Books to be Cut Indent- 
wise through the Said oblique lines Flourishes or Devices and Carefully Rolled up 
as much alike as may be and Made fast with thread and in the presence of Such 
Contributers or adventurers as will be there Present Cause all the Said Tickets 



OF THE State of New York. 3391 

which are to be rolled up and made fast as Aforesaid to be put into a Box prepared 
for that purpose and to be marked with the Letter (A) which is presently to be Put 
into another Strong Box and to be Locked up with Two different Locks and Keys 
to be kept by as many Managers and Sealed with their Seals untill the Said Tickets 
are to be drawn as is herein after Mentioned and that the Tickets in the first and 
innermost Columns of the Said Books Shall remain Still in the Books for discover- 
ing any mistake or fraud if any Such Should happen to be committed Contrary to 
the true Intent and Meaning of this Act. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Same Authority that the Managers before Men- 
tioned Shall cause to be prepared other Books in which every leaf Shall be Divided 
or Distinguished in Two Columns and upon the innermost of these two Columns 
there Shall be Printed Five thousand tickets and upon the outermost of the Said 
two Columns there Shall be Printed five Thousand all which Shall be of equal 
length and Breadth as near as may be which two Columns in the Said Books Shall 
be joined with Some flourishes or Devices through which the Outermost Tickets 
may be cut ofiE Indentwise and that One Thousand and Ninety four Tickets part of 
those to be Contained in the Outermost Columns of the Books last mentioned Shall 
be Called the fortunate Tickets to which benefits Shall belong as herein after men- 
tioned and the Said Managers Shall Cause the Said fortunate Tickets to be written 
upon or otherwise expressed as well in figures as in Words at length in manner 
following that is to Say Upon one of them Five Hundred Pounds upon one other of 
them Two Hundred Pounds upon two of them Severally One Hundred Pounds upon 
Ten of them Severally fifty Pounds upon Thirty of Them Severally Twenty Pounds 
upon Fifty of them Severally Ton Pounds and upon One Thousand of them Sever- 
ally Five Pounds which Sums So to be written or otherwise Expressed upon the 
Said fortunate Tickets will amount in the whole to the Sura of Seven Thousand and 
five Hundred Pounds which is the produce of Five Thousand Tickets according to 
the Valuation of One Pound and Ten Shillings for each Ticket as before mentioned. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the Managers before 
mentioned Shall Cause all the Said Tickets Contained in the outermost Column of 
the last Mentioned Books in the presence of Such Contributors or Adventurers as 
will then be there Present to be cut out Indentwise through the Said Flourishes 
or Devices and Carefully Rolled up as near as may be alike and fastened with 
Thread and put into another Box to be prepared for that purpose and to be Marked 
with the Letter (B) which Box Shall Presently be put into another Strong Box and 
Looked up and Sealed in the Manner as the Box Lettered (A) untill these Tickets 
Shall also be drawn in the manner and form hereafter mentioned and that no money 
Shall be received from any Contributor or adventurer towards this adventure as 
Aforesaid after the first Tuesday in November next and that the whole Business of 
Rolling up and Cutting off and putting in the Said Tickets and Locking up and 
Sealing the Said Boxes Shall be performed by the Said Managers on or before the 
Said first Tuesday in November Next And to the End every Person Concerned may 
be well Assured that the Countei*part of the Same Number with his or her Ticket 
is put into the Box Marked with the Letter (A) from whence the Same may be 
drawn and that Other matters are done as hereby directed Some Publiek Notifica- 
tion in Print Shall be given of the Precise time or times of Cutting the Said Tickets 
and Putting them into the Boxes to the End that Such adventurers as Shall be 
minded to see the Same done may be present at the doing thereof. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that on or before the Said 
first Tuesday in November Next the Said Managers Shall Cause the Said Several 
Boxes with all the Tickets therein to be brought into the City Hall of the City of 
New York by Nine of the Clock in the forenoon of the Same day and Shall then and 
there attend the Service in order for Drawing with two Clerks with Books prepared 
for that purpose to enter down all the fortunate Tickets and the Said Managers 
being prepared for Drawing Shall cause the two Boxes Containing the Said Tickets 
to be Severally taken out of the other two Boxes in which they Shall have been 
Locked up and the Tickets or Lotts in the Respective Innermost Boxes being in the 
Presence of the Said Managers and of Such adventurers as will be there Present 
for the Satisfaction of themselves well Shaken and Mingled in Each Box distinctly 
and Some one Indifferent and fit Person to be appointed and directed by the Man- 
agers Shall take out and draw one Ticket from the Box where the Said Numbered 
Tickets Shall be as Aforesaid put and one other Indifferent and fit Person to bo 
appointed and directed in the like manner Shall immediately draw a Ticket or Lot 



1753 



3392 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

from the Box wbere the one Thousand and Ninety four fortunate and Three thou- 
s!and Nine Hundred and Six Blank Tickets Shall be promiscuously put as Aforesaid 
and immediately both the Tickets So drawn Shall be opened and the Number as 
well of the Fortunate as the Blank Tickets Shall be Named Aloud and if the Ticket 
taken or drawn from the Box Containing the fortunate and Blank Letts Shall 
appear to be Blank then the Numbered Ticket So drawn with the Said Blank at 
the Same time drawn Shall be Wrote upon Blank and Shall both be put on one File 
and if the Ticket So drawn or taken out of the Box Containing the fortunate and 
Blank Lots Shall appear to be one of the Fortunate Tickets then the Sum Written 
upon Such fortunate Ticket (whatsoever it may be) Shall be Entered by the Clerks 
So appointed into the Books prepared for that purpose together with the Number 
Coming up with the Said fortunate Ticket and one of the Said Managers Shall Set 
their Name as a Witness to every Such Entry and the Said fortunate and Numbered 
Tickets so drawn together Shall be put upon another File and So the Said Drawing 
of the Tickets Shall Continue by taking one Ticket at a time out of each Box and 
with opening Naming aloud and filing the Same and by Entering the fortunate lots 
in Such Method as Is before Mentioned untill the whole number of One Thousand 
and Ninety four fortunate Tickets Shall be completely drawn and if the Same can 
not be performed in one Days time the Said Managers Shall Cause the Boxes to be 
locked up and Sealed in the Manner as aforesaid and Adjourn till the next Day and 
So from Day to Day and 'every Day (Except Sundays) and then open the Same 
and proceed as above till the Said Whole Number of fortunate Tickets Shall be 
Compleatly drawn as aforesaid. 

AND to the end that the adventurers may have all Possible Satisfaction in the 
due Regular and Just Management of the Said Lottery BE IT ENACTED by the 
Authority Aforesaid That the Maj'or Recorder Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City of New York may and are hereby Impowered to appoint every Day during 
the whole course of the Lottery Two or more of their Body to Inspect all and every 
Transaction of the Said Lottery hereby directed and required and that each County 
in the Colony may and are hereby Impowered if they See Cause to depute two 
Justices of the Peace or other Reputable Freeholders or Inhabitants for the Afore- 
said Inspection with proper Certificates, of their being So Deputed from the Next 
or any Subsequent General Session of the Peace and the Said Managers are hereby 
Directed and Required to admit them and the Said Members of the Said Corporation 
to the Aforesaid Inspection Accordingly. 

AND be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that immediately After the draw- 
ing be finished the Said Managers are hereby Required to publish in the New York 
Gazette the Numbers drawn against the fortunate Lots with the Prizes or Sums 
drawn by or belonging to each of them Respectively and as Soon as the drawing 
Shall be over Shall Pay the Said Sums to Such Persons who Shall Produce Tickets 
with the Numbers drawn against Such fortunate Lots they the Said Managers first 
deducting fifteen per Cent out of the Said Fortunate Lots to be applyed as is herein 
After directed. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that if any Person or Per- 
sons Shall Forge or Counterfeit any Ticket or Tickets to be made forth on this Act 
or alter any of the Numbers thereof or bring any Forged or Counterfeited Tickets 
or any Ticket whereof the Number is Altered knowing the Same to be Such to the 
Said Managers or either of them to the Intent to defraud the Colony or any Con- 
tributor or adventurer or the Executors Administrators or Assigns of any Contribu- 
tor or adventurer upon this Act that then every Such Person or Persons (being 
thereof Convicted in due form of Law) Shall be adjudged a Felon and Shall Suffer 
Death as in Cases of Felony without benefit of Clergy and the Said Managers or 
either of them are hereby Authorized Required and Impowered to Cause any Person 
or Persons bringing Such altered Forged or Counterfeited Ticket or Tickets as 
Aforesaid to be apprehended and to Commit him her or them to his Majesty's Goal 
of the City of New York to be proceeded Against for the Said Felony According to 
Law. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that every of the Managers 
hereby appointed for putting this Act in Execution before his Acting in Such Com- 
mission Shall take the Oath following, that is to Say, I, A. B. do Swear that I will 
faithfully execute the Trust reposed in me and that I will not use any indirect Art 
or means or permit or direct any Person to use any indirect art or Means to Obtain 
a Prize or fortunate Lot for my Self or any Person Whatsoever and that I will do 



OP THE State of New York, 3393 

the utmost of my Endeavours to prevent any undue or Sinister Practice to be done 
by any Person Wliatsoever and that I will to the best of my Judgement declare to 
whom any Prize Lot or Ticket of right does belong according to the true Intent of 
the Act of Governeur Council and General Assembly passed in the year of our Lord 
One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty three in that behalf Which Oath Shall be 
administered by one of the Supreme Court of this Colony. 

Provided allways And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that the Managers 
hereby appointed before they take the Oath Prescribed by this Act or perform or 
Execute anything therein Contained Shall first Enter into the following Recogniz- 
ance to our Sovereign Lord the King his Heirs and Successors, That is to Say Each 
of them before one of the Justices of the Supreme Court in the Sum of Two Thou- 
sand Five Hundred Pounds with two Sufficient Sureties each in half that Sum Con- 
ditioned that they Shall and will well and Truly each for his part Execute the Trust 
Reposed in them by this Act and well and Truly observe do and Perform all the 
Directions thereby required to be done and Performed by them accordingly to the 
true Intent and meaning thereof which Several Recognizances are to be delivered 
to the Treasurer by the Justice before whom the Same Shall be So taken (having 
first Caused the Same to be Recorded in the Minutes of the Supreme Court) in order 
to be lodged in the Treasury. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid That the Several deduc- 
tions of Fifteen per Cent upon the whole Number of fortunate Tickets Shall be 
Paid into the Hands of the Trustees appointed in and by an Act Entituled an Act 
for Vesting in Trustees the Sum of Three Thousand Four Hundred and Forty three 
Pounds, Eighteen Shillings, raised by way of Lottery, for Erecting a College within 
this Colony passed in the Twenty fifth Year of his Majesties Reign [See Nov. 25, 
1751.] to BE by them put out at Interest according to the directions of the Said Act 
untill the Same Shall be Imployed by Some future Act for and towards founding a 
College for the advancement of Learning within this Colony, by the Managers hereof 
out of which nevertheless there Shall be allowed by the Said Trustees in case the 
Lottery be Actually drawn the following Sums, Viz., To each of the said Managers 
the Sum of fifty Pounds to each of the two Clerks Six Shillings per diem for every 
Day they Shall be Actually Imployed in the Said Drawing to each of the two Per- 
sons who Shall Draw the Tickets Three Shillings per Diem for every Day they 
Shall be So Imployed and all Reasonable Charges for Printing Books Tickets and 
advertisements and Such other Incidents as may Necessarily be Required in the 
Said Lottery. 

AND that the purpose of Founding of the Said College may not be obstructed by 
any other Applications of the Mony's to Arise from the Proffits of the Said Lottery 
BE IT ENACTED by the Authority Aforesaid that each and every Representative 
in the General Assembly for the time being who Shall hereafter in General Assem- 
bly move or Consent to the applying or Appropriating the Said Moneys to any other 
purpose Whatsoever than the founding the College aforesaid Shall be and is hereby 
declared and made forever incapable of Sitting and Voting in this or any Future 
General Assembly and New Writs Shall Issue accordingly. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that no Fee or Gratuity 
whatsoever Shall or may be demanded or taken of any Person or Persons Contribu- 
tor or Adventurer to the Lottery Aforesaid by any Manager or Managers or any 
other Officer or Oflicers appointed by this Act for any thing that Shall be done Pur- 
suant to this Act upon pain that any Officer or Person Offending by taking any Fee 
or Gratuity Contrary to this Act Shall forfeit the Sum of Fifty Pounds to the party 
grieved to be recovered with full Costs in any of his Majesty's Courts of Record 
within this Colony. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that in Case all the Said Five 
Thousand Tickets Shall not be Sold and disposed off before the Said first Tuesday 
in November Ne.xt that then the money that has been Received for any Ticket or 
Tickets by Virtue of this Act Shall be by the Said Managers repaid to the Person or 
Persons of whom the Same Shall have been i-eoeived His her or their Executors 
Administrators or Assigns he She or they first Producing the Several Tickets for 
which Such Repayment Shall be required and the Lottery hereby Erected and Made 
Shall from thenceforth become Viod anything in this Act Contained to the Contrary 
hereof Notwithstanding and in Such Case the Treasurer of this Colony Shall pay 
out of any Money then in the Ti-easury (except Such as Shall be appointed for the 
Annual Support of the Government) the Several Incidents before mentioned upon 



1753 



1753 



3394 Ecclesiastical Kecords 

proper Certificates Signed by the Said Managers and Receipts thereon Shall be good 
Vouchers to him for the Payment thereof for the amount of which the General 
Assembly Shall and will Provide ways and Means to repay and Replace the Same. 

PROVIDED AND BE IT ENACTED that in case the Said Five Thousand Tickets 
Aforesaid be Sold and disposed ofE in the Manner Aforesaid before the first Tues- 
day in November Nest that then the Managers Shall Proceed to drawing the Lots 
in Manner Aforesaid first giving publick Notice thereof in the New York Post Boy 
at least Fourteen days before the drawing the Same anything in this Act to the 
Contrary Notwithstanding. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that if either of the before 
mentioned Managers Shall happen to Die Remove out of this Colony or Refuse to 
Act according to the Several and Respective Powers and Authorities hereby directed 
and required it Shall and may be Lawfull to and for the Governor or Commander in 
Chief for the time being by and with the advice and Consent of his Majesty's Coun- 
cil to Nominate and Appoint Some other fit Person or Persons to be Manager or 
Managers in the place and Stead of the Manager or Managers So Dying Removing 
or Refusing to Act as Aforesaid anything herein Contained to the Contrary Not- 
withstanding. PROVIDED that the Person or Persons who may be So appointed 
Shall be obliged to take the like Oath Enter into the like Recognizances and Sure- 
ties as is herein Directed to be done by the Managers Named in this Act and be in 
all respects as Subject to Observe and Perfoma the S«verall Directions of this Act 
as if he or they had been Named or appointed in it.— Colonial Laws of New York, 
Vol. iii. pp. 899-908. 

This act is repeated verbatim on Dec. 12, 1753, with the exception of "his Honour, 
the Lieutenant Governor", instead of "his Excellency, the Governor"; and the 
names of "Abraham Van Wyck and Abraham Leynsen " as managers; and changes 
in the dates of drawing, and the number of tickets. It is again repeate<i on Dec. 
7, 1754. 

Other Moneys foe the College in New Yoek. 

An Act further to continue the Duty of Excise and the Currency of the Bills of 
Credit emitted thereon for the purposes in the former Act and herein Mentioned. 

(Passed July 4, 1753.) 

Whereas by an Act of the Governor Council and General Assembly Entituled an 
Act for laying an Excise on all Strong Liquore retailed in this Colony passed the 
Twelfth Year of her late Majesty Queen Anne there was granted to and for the Uses 
in the Said Particularly Mentioned a Duty of Excise on all Strong Liquors retailed 
in this Colony for the Term of Twenty Years to determine on the first day of 
November in the Year One thousand Seven Hundred and Tliirty four which by 
Several Subsequent Acts lias been prolonged to the Year One thousand Seven 
Hundred and Fifty Seven. 

AND Whereas it has been the Intention of the Legislature for Several Years Past 
to Establish a seminary within this Colony for the Education of Youth in the 
Liberal Arts and Sciences And as at present no other means can be devised than by 
a further Continuance of the Aforesaid Act and the Bills of Credit Issued there- 
upon and his Excellency the Governor having been pleased to approve of the Inten- 
tions of the General Assembly to proceed upon that good design at this Session as 
Signified by their Votes at their last Meeting, The General Assembly therefore Pray 
it may be Enacted, AND 

BE IT ENACTED by his Excellency the Governor the Council and the General 
Assembly and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same that the before 
Mentioned Act Entituled An Act for laying an Excise on all Strong Liquors retailed 
in this Colony and every Clause Matter and thing therein Contained Shall from 
the first day of November which will be in the Year of our Lord One thousand 
Seven Hundred and Fifty Seven (to which time the Said Duty on Excise was Con- 
tinued by an Act passed in the Thirteenth Year of his present Majesties Reign) be, 
remain and Continue of full Force and Virtue to all Intents Constructions and Pur- 
poses whatsoever until the first Day of November which will be in the Year of Our 
Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty Seven. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That the Treasurer of this 
Colony for the time being is hereby Enabled and Dii-ected to Pay unto the Trustees 



OF THE State of New York. 3395 

Mentioned and appointed in and by an Act Passed in the Twenty fifth Year of his 
present Majesties Reign Entituled An Act Vesting in Trustees the Sum of Three 
thousand Four Hundred and Forty three Pounds Eighteen Shillings raised by way 
of Lottery for Erecting a College within this Colony out of the Money's arising by 
the Duty of Excise the Annual Sum of Five Hundred Pounds for and during the 
Term of Seven Years to Commence from and After the first of January now next 
Ensuing to be by them apportioned and distributed in Salaries for the Chief Master 
or head of the Seminary by whatever denomination he may be hereafter Called and 
for Such and So many other Masters and Officers uses and Purposes Concerning the 
Establishment of the Said Seminary as the Said Trustees Shall from time to time 
in their discretion think Neetlful, Allways Provided that the whole Charge and 
Expence of the Same do not exceed the Above Sum of Five Hundred Pounds a 
Year Any thing in the Acts Aforesaid to the Contrary Notwithstanding. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that the Said Trustees 
Shall be and are hereby impowered to Apportion and Appoint the Quantum of the 
Salary's of the Several Masters and officers of the Seminary hereby intended to be 
Established and to direct the Payment thereof by Quarterly or half Yearly Pay- 
ments as they in their discretion Shall think Most fitting And Convenient. 

AND be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that the Trustees Afore- 
said Shall Ascertain the Rates which each Student or Scholar Shall Annually Pay 
for his or their Education at the Said Seminary for all which Sums they Shall 
Account with the Governor or Commander in Chief for the time being the Council 
or the General Assembly when by them or any of them thereunto Required And 
which Said Sums shall be applyed to and for Such use or uses as Shall be directed 
by Act or Acts hereafter to be passed. 

AND be it further Enacted By the Authority Aforesaid That all the Residue of 
the Money arising by the Said Duty of Excise Shall be applyed towards Cancelling 
the Bills of Credit Emitte<l on the Said Fund unless the Said Bills be all Cancelled 
by Money Arising by the Said Duty before the Said Year On© thousand Seven Hun- 
dred and Sixty Seven in which Case all the Residue of the Said Money Shall remain 
In the Treasury to be disposed off as Shall be directed by Some Act or Acts here- 
after to be PASSED for that purpose and that the Said Bills of Credit Shall also 
remain Current until the Said Year One thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty Seven 
unless they be Sooner Cancelled.— Colonial Laws of New York. Vol. iii. pp. 908-910. 

Church of ISTew York. 

Organists and Choristers, Manor of Fordham. 

New York, July 16, 1753. 

Consistory held after calling on Cod's name. The following 
were laid before the Consistory. 

A. Whether the lot of the Messrs. Livingston near the New 
Church, lately inherited by the widow Moor, should be bought; 
or taken on the same conditions as the whole plot of four lots was 
bought by us ? Answer, Yes : but on condition that Messrs. Ab. 
Van Wyck, Evert Bancker, and Peter Keteltas, at once ask her to 
set the building on the newly bought ground, at the side of 
Mr. Waldron's, and not begin with the line of gi'ound we have 
taken from her. 

B. The organist Boutsman, and the chorister of the Old 
Church, Jacobus Stoutenberg, being sent for, on account of their 



1753 



3396 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

quarrel, the Consistory resolved that they should become recon- 
ciled. If this were done, both should continue in their office. 
^Nevertheless, this was refused by the latter for a reason which 
the Consistory judged insufficient. Therefore the President was 
directed to summon him privately, and say that if he continued 
in the same mind, they would be obliged to provide for the matter 
themselves, 

C. It was judged necessary to make preparation by the time 
of the next meeting of the Colonial Assembly to have the legacy 
of the Manor of Fordham broken, (that is, to obtain the right to 
alienate the fee). The following committee was appointed: 
Elders, Ab. Van Wyck and Francis Marschalk; and Deacons, 
Corn, Clopper, Jr. and Albert Tiebout. These were to speak 
with Second Judge Chambers, and lawyer Alexander, together 
with Mr. Paul Richards, Elder, and such others as they thought 
needful. 

Thus done in Consistory on date above given. Signed in the 

name of all, 

J. Eitzema, p. t. Vice President. 

ITew York July 17, 1753. 
Consistory held. After calling on the Lord's name, the act 
of the previous day was read. After consideration, it was fur- 
ther Pesolved, unanimously, to announce the following to Mr. 
Jacobus Stoutenberg, the provisional chorister of the old church; 
and he appearing, this announcement was made : 

1. That the consistory abides by its resolution of yesterday (see 
B above) respecting him and Mr. Boutsman. 

2. That the consistory is resolved to take careful consideration 
the aggravating circumstances of his tongue, yet would be gladly 
spared this trouble. 

3. Therefore the consistory earnestly advises him to resign his 
office, and thus let the whole matter rest. 

Wherefore, after some discourse, Mr. Stoutenberg resigned his 
office, and thanked the consistory, and said he would according to 
order, deliver the silver baptismal bowl to the President. He 
requested that nothing should be said of what had occurred. This 



OP THE State of New York. 3397 

1753 

the consistory promised, provided he gave no reason for the con- 
trary course. 

Mr. Jacobus Van Antwerpen was then called in and appointed 
precentor in the Old Church at a yearly salary of fifteen pounds, 
'New York money, and the fees for recording the infant baptisms 
in the Old Church. He engaged to undertake this in the fear 
of the Lord. Further instructions were promised him by the 
President, and it was resolved that his appointment should be 
published from the pulpit. 

Mr. Peter Boutsman was continued in ofiice as organist, and 
seriously warned to keep silence in reference to the past between 
him and Mr. Stoutenberg ; and, far from taunting or reproaching ; 
to leave Mr. Stoutenberg and his family in proper respect and 
quiet, (as Mr. S. on his side had promised consistory to act toward 
Mr. Boutsman), and to conduct himself to the satisfaction of the 
consistory, and the congregation. 

Whereupon Mr. Boutsman gave thanks for his reinstatement 
and warning. He also promised to conform to it and to whatever 
else should be esteemed necessary for the edification of the con- 
gregation. This was again recommended to him, in order to 
prevent any complaints in the future. Thus done in consistory 
meeting, and with the preceding of July 16, Signed in the name 

of all, by me, 

Henricus Boel, President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsteedam. 
Thomas Eomeyn. 
1753, July 23rd. 3. Thomas Romeyn, of Hackensack, in 
Bergen County, in the province of IsTew Jersey, in the American 
IsTew JSTetherland, S.S. Theol. Studiosus, exhibited very laudable 
certificates, ecclesiastical, as well as others, of his studies in 
America in the languages and Theology. He also exhibited the 
instrument of a call made out to him by the Consistories of the 
combined congregations of Jamaica and Oyster Bay in Queens 
County on Long Island, in the province of jSTew York. But some 
of the people at Jamaica had protested against this call, as there 
were formerly two more churches combined with Jamaica and 



3398 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Oyster Bay. For the moderating of this call, Rev. de Eonde had 

been appointed by the Coetus ; but it was done also in the presence 

of Rev. John Frielinghuysen, from whom in addition, came a 

lengthy letter in justification of the legality of this call. 

The Deputati ad res Exteras made a full report from the former 

Acta as to the state of those churches (in Queens County). 

Therefore the Assembly resolved to adopt the advice submitted 

by the Messrs. Deputies, which reads as follows : 

1. That it would be hard to send Thomas Eomyn back, un- 
ordained. 

2. That he can be ordained as minister at Oyster Bay alone; 
for nothing has occurred against this call with reference to Oyster 
Bay. 

3. But Rev. Romyn will have to promise in writing, not to 
allow himself to be employed as minister at Jamaica, until the 
appeal brought against the Consistory that called him, as well 
as that against his call by another Consistory at Jamaica, shall 
have been settled either in Coetus or in Classis. 

4. That express mention of this arrangement shall be made in 
the qualification which at the proper time shall be given to Rev. 
Romyn. 

5. That of all this, notice shall be given to the Coetus. Also 
they (the Deputati) shall indicate that it is not considered proper 
that Rev. Frielinghuysen should have allowed himself to be em- 
ployed as moderator of this call, since Rev. de Ronde had been 
appointed moderator of said call by the Coetus. 

6. That it should be suggested to the consideration of Coetus, 
whether it were not expedient, in order to prevent confusion, that 
hereafter, all calls which are made in America should be first 
handed in for judgment and approval to the Coetus, before they 
are brought to our Classis. 

T. That the Coetus be requested to put forth their good ofiices 
once more, in order to reunite the four congregations of Oyster 
Bay, Jamaica, iSTewtown, and Hempstead; and that Rev. Romyn 
be earnestly urged to cooperate towards this, and to submit him- 
self to the Coetus. 



OF THE State of New York. 3399 

1753 
Eev. Eomyn having considered all this, agrees to it, and shall 
be examined, preparatorily and finally, at the next Classis. 

XII. 346-34:7. Keferred to, XXIV. 20-22. 
The Classis gave to the wife of Eev. P. H. Dorsius, £6. XII. 
347. 

Schools and Chukches in New Yoek, 1753, 

A Letter from Eev. Gideon Hawley of Marshpee containing a 

IsTarrative of his Journey to Onohoghgwage in July, 1753. 

July 31, 1794. 

It Is forty years, this day, since I was ordained a Missionary to the Indians, in 
the Old South meeting house, (Boston), when the Rev. Dr. Sewall preached on the 
occasion, and the Rev. Mr. Prince gave the charge. 

I had been in the service from Feb. 5. O. S. 1752, and by an ecclesiastical council 
convened for that purpose, was now solemnly set apart to the work of an evangelist 
among the western Indians. The Rev. Mr. Foxcroft and Dr. Chauncy assisted upon 
the occasion, and Mrs. Appleton of Cambridge, with many delegates from their 
respective Churches. 

I entered upon this arduous business at Stockbridge, (Ct.) under the patronage of 
the Rev. Mr. Edwards. Was instructor of a few families of Iroquois, who came 
down from their country for the sake of christian knowledge and the schooling of 
their children. 

These families consisted of Mohawks, Oneidas, and Tuscaroras, from Kanajoharry, 
and Onohoghgwage. I was their school-master, and preached to them on the Lord's- 
day. Mr. Edwards visited my school, catechised my scholars, and frequently deliv- 
ered a discourse to their parents. To Indians he was a very plain and practical 
preacher: upon no occasion did he display any metaphysical knowledge in the pul- 
pit. His sentences were concise, and full of meaning; and his delivery grave and 
natural. In the winter, Indians are at home, and my school was well attended. But 
many, who wintered at Stockbridge, in the Spring and Summer went oCC, and were 
about Schoharry, beyond Albany. In the month of September, (1752), I, therefore, 
made an excursion into the Mohawk country, I had never been at Albany, nor even 
as far as Kinderhook, till now; and was ignorant of the way, which led through the 
wilderness. 

I therefore wanted a guide, and took with me a young Canada Indian, who had 
attended my school. He had been bred a Roman Catholic; could repeat the Lord's 
Prayer in Latin, and Ave Maria; could read and write. He furnished me with an 
alphabet for his language, which was of use to me. He was of the Cagnawauga 
tribe. 

He was my company, and only he. Two years afterwards, some of the Canada 
Indians came, and not improbably this fellow might be of the party, who fell upon 
a family at Stockbridge, on the Lord's-day, and murdered and captured several of 
its inhabitants. But it was now peace, and I had no apprehension when travelling 
alone with him, a whole day, through a solitary wilderness. 

Near night we arrived at the out houses in Kinderhook. (At this point Mr. Hawley 
was abandoned by his guide, and obliged to proceed alone.) 

I knew not the way to Albany; and the path I had taken was obscure, and 
unfrequented by white people. I came to an Indian village, took some directions, 
but lost my way. I wandered in blind paths till I found a few white inhabitants 
In huts, who had lately made settlements; but being ignorant of the English lan- 
guage could give me but poor information. To be short, I finally got into the great 
road, I knew not how, but not until I had been out in a most terrible storm of 
thunder and lightening. Thunder tempests are very frequent in the interior parts 
of the country; and I have often met with them since in the wilderness, and some- 
times when alone. It cleared off, and I travelled; and all at once, through an open- 
ing, appeared to view the city of Albany; and I soon discovered a fleet of vessels 



1753 



3400 Ecclesiastical Records 

by its side, on tlie adjacent river. Great was my satisfaction. I came down and 
crossed the ferry; went into the city, and passed if, came to the houses between 
Albany and Schenectady, and lodged. These were only two houses, kept for the 
entertainment of passengers. They were alone, but did not harmonize. Three 
houses will agree; but two in a wilderness will be considered as rivals; and their 
interests will clash. Such is human nature, that power and interests must be 
balanced by a third person or interest. 

Between Albany and Skenectady is barren land; but it is strange that only two 
houses had been at that time erected on a road so much frequented, and for so 
many years together. 

Soon after I left these houses, the road parts. That to the right, leads to Sche- 
nectady; and on the other, a road to Schoharry,* where I arrived in the after- 
noon; and soon found the Indians, and particularly Jonah, whose Indian name is 
T'hanhanagwanageas, which is long, but of no extraordinary meaning. This was 
a very christian-like Indian, and his wife a good woman, who soon got me some 
refreshment. His mother was a very old person, and of French extract, and full 
blooded, being captured from Canada when very young. Jonah, therefore, was half 
blood. I never saw him the worse for strong drink. He was a man of prayer. I 
had much acquaintance with him after this, as I had considerable the winter passed, 
when he was at Stockbridge with his family. His wife was of the Tuscarora 
tribe. Jonah and some other families were about coming again to Stockbridge, 
there to winter. Some others, whom I saw, M'ere going to Onohoghgwage, where 
they belonged. I left Jonah, and went further down, about six miles, and found, 
at the Mohawk village, Sharrack, Peter, and others, who the summer passed had 
been gathering, with their wives and children, genseng root for the European 
market; it having the last year answered for the exporter, beyond all expectation. 
But this year, as the event proved, many adventurers or speculators in it were 
nearly ruined; but the Indians employed in gathering it, got considerable by it, 
having collected it in great quantities. The Indian name for this root is, Kalon- 
dagf/ough. I lodged in the vicinity of these Indians, and visited them in the 
morning; gave their children a few trifles that were acceptable, invited them to 
Stockbridge, and set out upon my return, and came to the two houses between 
Albany and Skenectady, where I again lodged. 

In regard to Schoharry, it is fine land, and settled by Palatines, brought over, at 
the expense of the nation, in Queen Anne's reign. It is watered by a stream, which 
tends to the southward, not far from the source of the Delaware, which takes an 
opposite direction. Here are three decent meeting houses, and two domines. The 
one a Calvinian; (John Schuyler); and the other, a Lutheran. (Peter M. Somner). 
The language of this people is German or High Dutch, and they are husbandmen. 
The Albanians and people of Schenectady were Hollanders, and employed in trade; 
and very few were farmers. For the sake of the Indian trade, which is very lucra- 
tive, they have explored the great lakes, and penetrated into the bowels of the 
wilderness. The Indians from Canada, with their skins and furs, came to Albany 
in time of peace. I have seen numbers of them there at a time. 

There was a missionary (Rev. John Ogilvie) to the Mohawks from the society in 
London; but he resided, as he was considered as chaplain to the fort, in Albany; 
very little of his time with his Indians: and, therefore, could do them less good 
than a constant resident among them. I was solicited once by a clergyman of that 
city, to tarry a while in town, saying, "in case I went and baptized the children, 
I might return and spend the season agreeably at Albany." The Rev. Mr. Barclay, 
who was now a missionary in the city of New York, it was said, he had been a 
faithful and zealous instructor of the Indians, but his situation, as I was informed, 
was made uncomfortable by his neighbours; and his support being scanty, he left 
them and Mr. Oglevie was his successor, and now in ofiice. This gentleman had 
many amiable qualities; but he finally removed to New York, and succeeded Dr. 
Barclay also at that place 

In the year 1748, this Board had sent upon the same mission Mr. Elihu Spencer,1 
who could not surmount the obstacles he met with. But these Indians having, 
sundry of them, particularly Jonah, Sharraels, and some others, by coming to Stock- 
bridge manifested a thirst for christian knowledge, the commissioners were encour- 

* Hunter's field, after Governor Hunter. 

tliev. Dr. Spencer finally settled at Elizabeth-town in New Jersey, as president 
Dickinson's successor. 



OF THE State of New York. 3401 

1753 

aged to make another attempt to carry the gospel to them. They did all they could 
to encourage it. Money was not wanting in their treasury; and the company in 
London were able to answer their bills, when more was called for, and were ready 
to do it. 

It was agreed that Deacon Woodbridge* being a man long acquainted with the 
business, and a gentleman of abilities, should accompany me into their country, and 
introduce me to the Indians, with whose manners and language I had gained some 
acquaintance and had been acceptable in my school, etc. It was also agreed that 
Mrs. Ashley should be our interpreter; and that Benjamin Ashley, her husband, 
should be employed, and have a salary. This could not be avoided, if we had his 
wife; but he was a fanatick, and on that account unfit to be employed in the mis- 
sion. His wife was a very good sort of a woman, and an extraordinary interpreter 
in the Iroquois language. She was captured at Deerfleld, when that town was 
destroyed, in 1703, and carried to Cagnawauga, when she was about three years old. 
Her two brothers, Martin and Joseph Kellogg, well known in their day, were both 
older than their sister, and were taken at the same time. The two boys got away 
before the sister, who resided in Canada among the Cagnawaugas until she was a 
maiden grown. Her brothers, however, lived there long enough to be good inter- 
preters, particularly Joseph Kellogg, Esq., who was the best in his day, that New 
England had, and was employed upon every occasion. For many years he v/as at 
Fort Dummer, on Connecticut river, near Number Four ;t was at the Albany treaty 
in the year 1754, which was attended by a great number of respectable personages 
from the several provinces and colonies than had met on any similar occasion. And 
in the year 1756, being persuaded by General Shirley to accompany him in his way 
to Oswego, as an interpreter, which he undertook with a broken state of health, he 
sickened and died; and was buried at Skenectady. 

Martin, well known by the name of Captain Kellogg, was a very remarkable man 
for his courage and bodily strength. He was several times captured and carried to 
Canada. Many stories were related of his feats and exploits in early life. He was 
employed by Mr. Sergeant in Mr. Hollis's school, and his labors were acceptable, as 
far as I know. He lived at Newington near Farmington, in Connecticut, where, I 
suppose, he died about the year 1758. Rebecca, my interpreter, laid her bones at 
Onohoghgwage in August, 1757, when I was at Marshpee. She was much lamented 
by the Indians. Her Indian name was Wausaunia. 

Having returned from Boston, with a written recommendation from the Governor, 
to M'hich was alBxed the great seal of the province and with other credentials and 
private letters from particular gentlemen, it was only necessary for us to prepare 
for our mission, which we did without delay. But it was on Tuesday, May 22nd, 
(1753) when Mr. Woodbridge, myself and company, set out from Stockbridge for the 
Indian country. Our departure upon so great an errand as the planting Christianity 
in the wilderness, about an hundred miles beyond any settlement of christian people, 
drew the attention of the whole town. And the Rev. Mr. Edwards, his wife, and 
others, accompanied us a considerable distance into the woods, toward Kinderhook. 
They returned after taking leave of us in the most afCectionate manner, and we 
pursued our way having only an Indian track. We arrived at the first house, and 
put up for the night, and the next day came to Albany, where we tarried two 
nights, making acquaintances, and collecting some necessaries for our journey. We 
found friends, but the people in general did not much favour our undertaking. 
Trade with the savages was their support. This city is very compact. In the time 
of war it was always picketed, and in the many expeditions against Canada, it has 
been the rendezvous of soldiers. It is considered as the head of navigation, although 
with small craft the river is navigable to the Half Moon, nine miles above it. The 
land on the back of the town is poor, but the intervals, up and down the river are 
fertile, and there are some very considerable and valuable islands not far from the 
city. 

On Friday we left Albany. Mr. Woodbridge and I set out for Mount Johnson, 
about thirty-six miles off, on Mohawk river, to pay our compliments to Colonel 

* 1 may not have another opportunity to observe concerning this gentleman, that 
he was always poor, and had a powerful party against him; but he rose to be the 
first man in the county of Berkshire, was always esteemed for his sense; but had 
few who wished to promote him. For many years he was at the Council board and 
sustained his station with reputation. 

tThe present Charleston, New Hampshire. 



3402 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

Johnson, and obtain his countenance in favour of our mission. At noon we canae to 
Schenectady, a town in some respects similar to Albany, but more pleasant. We 
crossed the ferry and by a letter from Colonel Jacob Wendell of Boston, were intro- 
duced to his friend Major Glen, who hospitably received us. Having dined, we 
proceeded, and had a very pleasant ride up Mohawk river, on the north side. At 
sunset we were politely received at Colonel Johnson's gate, by himself in person. 
Here we lodged. His mansion was stately, and situate a little distance from the 
river, on rising ground, and adjacent to a stream which turned his mill. This 
gentleman was well known in his civil, military, and private character. He was 
the first civil character in the county of Albany at that day; and after this by 
means of the war, which commenced in 1755, and his connexion with the Indians, of 
whom he was appointed sole superintendant for that part of the continent, he arose 
to great eminence. In 1756, he was made a baronet. It was favourable to our mis- 
sion to have his patronage, which I never lost. In the year 1765, I found him at 
another mansion, about eight miles from this, and four from the river. This last 
was a very superb and elegant edifice, surrounded by little buildings for the accom- 
modation of the Indians, when down upon treaties or conferences with him. Mr. 
Woodbridge and I took our leave of him in the morning, rode up to the ford, and 
crossed the river, and came over to the south side, and rode to what was called the 
Mohawk castle; near which was a stone chapel and a village of Indians, situate on 
Schoharry creek, not far from the place where it discharges its waters into the 
Mohawk. 

We dined with the commandant of the garrison, which consisted of a sergeant 
and a few privates, under Lieutenant Butler, who resided there with his family. 
We heard the western news and that the French in great forces had passed the 
Ontario lake, going, as it was conjectured, to the Ohio; where they erected the fort, 
which was called Duquesne, now Pittsburgh.* Mr Butler obtained for us an Indian 
guide, to conduct us acrioss to Schoharry, about sixteen miles south, through a 
wilderness. We went up the creek. Our path was obscure and obstructed, and the 
travelling uncomfortable. We came to a resting place, and breathed our horses, and 
slaked our thirst at the stream, when M'e perceived our Indian looking for a stone, 
which having found, he cast to a heap, which for ages had been accumulating by 
passengers like him, who was our guide. f 

We inquired why he observed the rite. His answer was, that his father practiced 
it, and enjoined it on him. But he did not like to talk on the subject. 

I have observed in every part of the country, and among every tribe of Indians, 
and among those where I now am, in a particular manner, such heaps of stones or 
sticks collected on the like occasion as the above. The largest heap I ever observed, 
is that large collection of small stones on the mountain between Stockbridge and 
Great Barrington. We have a sacrifice rock, as it is termed, between Plymouth 
and Sandwich, to which stones and sticks are always cast by Indians who pass it. 

This custom or right is an acknowledgement of an invisible being. We m.ay style 
him the Unknown God, whom this people worship. This heap is his altar. The 
stone that is collected is the oblation of the traveller which, if offered with a good 
mind, may be as acceptable as a consecrated animal. 

It was and is my business to declare his eternal power and Godhead, whom they 
acknowledged, but ignorantly worshipped ; and to declare his Son, the appointed 
mediator and Saviour, in his character, and unfold the truths of his gospel, which 
has brought life and immortality to light. But perhaps these heaps of stones may 
be erected only to a local deity, which most probably is the case. Mr. Woodbridge 
and I, with assiduity pursued our way, one after the other, through bushes, and 
sloughs, water and mire as our guide directed. And at dusk we arrived at the 
nearest houses between Port Hunter and Schoharry ; but did not put up until we 
came to what was accounted a publiek house, but very unfit for the entertainment 
of gentlemen strangers. It had only one room. In that room was what is called 
a slaw-bunk, with a straw-bed, on which we lodged. This however was not the 
worst of it ; for we had been contented with coarse fare and ill accommodations, in 

*This force passed Oswego on the i4th May, 1753. See Doc. Hist. ii. 365. 

t" Somewhere between Schoharie creek and Caughnawaga commenced an Indian 
road or foot path, which led to Schoharie. Near this road, and within the Northern 
bounds of Schoharie county, has been seen from time immemorial a large pile of 
stones, which has given the name 'Stone heap patent' to the tract on which it 
occurs, as mav be seen from ancient deeds." Extract quoted by Barber & Howe 
in their Hist. Coll. of N. Y. 



OF THE 'State of New York. 3403 

case we could have had quiet rest ; hut the unhappiness of our case was, that it was 
the end of the week ; and to spend their wages three or four old countrymen came 
in, and gamed and drank through the night, within a foot or two of our bed. We 
remonstrated and complained, hut in vain. Having had broken rest through the 
week, we needed balmy sleep to refresh us, but of which we were denied. 

Lord's-day. 27th. Having found our interpreter and company at the upper end 
of the town, we went and had a meeting at the Mohawk village, where I preached 
and prayed in the forenoon. In the afternoon, Mr. Woodbridge and I went to the 
Dutch meeting in that vicinity. Those who are in meeting behave devoutly in time 
of service. But without, they are at play. I have been at their meetings, when 
the boys through the service, and even at the celebration of the Lord's Supper, have 
been playing bat and ball the whole term around the house of God. Coming out of 
meeting, we observed the lower orders at all sorts of recreation. To us, who had 
been used to the strictness of a New England sabbath, it appeared very profane. 
But custom will make anything familiar. 

Monday, 28th. T-day we were very busy in collecting stores and necessaries for 
our journey, designing the next day to plunge into that immense wilderness that lies 
to the southward and westward of us, and inhabited only by savages. We provided 
two sacks of flour, which we bought at very moderate rates, and hired a man and 
horse to carry it over land to the Susquehanna. Our company from Stockbridge was 
Mr. Woodbridge, Mr. Ashley, and wife, and myself, and three or four blacks. Here 
we had volunteers, and particularly one fellow named Pallas, a vagrant Indian, 
whose company we had reason to regret, but could not refuse upon our mission. 

Tuesday, 29th. Having assembled our company, we ascend a steep mountain, 
directing our course almost west. Our way was generally obstructed by fallen trees, 
old logs, miry places, pointed rocks, and entangling roots, which were not to be 
avoided. We were alternately on the ridge of a lofty mountain, and in the depths of 
a valley. At best, our path was obscure, and we needed guides to go before us. Our 
interpreter was on a single horse, which was very sure footed, but she needed every 
attention. She passed this wilderness for the last time. In the afternoon we came 
to rivulets which empty their waters into the Susquehanna, and the land becomes 
more level, and the travelling not so dangerous and difficult. Night approaches ; we 
halt by one of these streams ; a fire is kindled ; the kettles are filled ; we refresh 
ourselves ; and we adore Divine Providence, returning thanks for the salvations of 
the day, and committing ourselves to God for the night, whose presence is equally 
in the recesses of the solitary wilderness, and the social walks of the populous city. 
With the starry heavens above me, and having the earth for my bed, I roll myself 
in a blanket ; and without a dream to disturb my repose, pass the night in quiet, 
and never awake till the eyelids of the morning are opened, and the penetrating 
rays of the sun look through the surrounding foliage ; when we arise refreshed, and 
again address that great and good being, whose constant visitation supports, cheers, 
and refreshes us ; and invoke his protection, direction, and blessing. And this is our 
practice, extraordinaries excepted, through the journey, both in the morning and 
at evening. Our enterprise naturally inspire us with devotion ; and the august and 
stupendous works of creation fill us with awe. We read God's name in capitals. 

It may not be impertinent to observe, that in this wilderness, we neither hear 
nor see any birds of musick. These frequent only the abodes of man. There is one 
wood bird, not often seen, but heard without any melody in his note, in every 
part of the wilderness, wherever I have been. In some parts of this extensive coun- 
try, the wild pigeons breed in numbers almost infinite. I once passed an extensive 
valley where they had nested ; and for six or eight miles, where the trees were near 
and thick, every tree had a number of nests upon it ; and some, not less than fifteen 
or twenty upon them. But as soon as their young are able, they take wing and 
are seen there no more. 

Wednesday, 30th. Having met with nothing remarkable, we arrive at Towanoenda- 
lough in the afternoon. Here were three wigwams, and ■about thirty souls. We 
were impatient to see the famous Susquehanna ; and as soon as we came, Mr. Wood- 
bridge and I walk down to its banks. Disappointed at the smallness of its stream, 
he exclaimed, " Is this Susquehanna?" 

When we returned, our young Indians, who had halted came in, looking as 
terribly and ugly as they could, having bedaubed their faces with vermlllion, lamp- 
black, white lead, etc. A young Indian always carries with him his looking glass 

72 



1753 



1753 



3404 Ecclesiastical Records 

and paint ; and does not consider himself as dressed until he has adjusted his 
countenance by their assistance. 

I visited from house to house, and found a child but just alive. I pray with it ; 
was desired to baptize it, but excused myself on account of my not lieing ordained. 
The Mohawks are fond of christening their children. The Indians on Mohawk river. 
I suppose, are all baptized. Some of them being at Stockbridge. at the birth of a 
child, were affronted, when the missionary there scrupled to baptize it. Indians 
are fond of rites and ceremonies. 

The sick child died, and there were the most dolorous bowlings among them at 
the event, which affected us. 

Mr. Woodbridge and Mrs. Ashley, our interpreter, could not travel any further by 
land. We. therefore, concluded to get a canoe and convey them by water. From 
this place to Onohoghgwage, is three day's journey ; and how bad the travelling is, 
we cannot tell. 

May, 31st. We met with difficulty about getting a canoe, and sent an Indian into 
the woods to get ready a bark, but he made small progress. 

In the afternoon came from Otsego lake, which is the source of this stream, George 
Winedecker and another, in a small batteau. with goods and rum, going down to 
Onohoghg-wage upon a trading voyage. We ajireed with them to carry the inter- 
preter and Mr. Woodbridge in their batteau : and bought a wooden canoe to carry 
our flour and baggage. 

We soon saw the ill effects of Winedecker's ram. The Indians began to drink, and 
some of our party were the worse for it. We perceived what was coming. 

Our lodgings was not in their wigwams ; but in a little store-house set up on 
crotches, six feet and more from the ground, into which Mr. Woodbridge, myself, 
the interpreter, and her husband, could but just enter and lie down. This night 
we went to sleep with some apprehensions. We were awoke by the howling of the 
Indians over their dead. The whole village was agitated. We arose very early in 
the morning. We soon saw the Indian women and children skulking in the adjacent 
bushes, for fear of the intoxicated Indians, who were drinking deeper. The women 
were secreting guns, hatchets, and every deadly or dangerous weapon, that murder 
or hai-m might not be the consequence. Poor unhappy mortals ! without law, religion 
or government: and. therefore, without restraint. 

.Tune 1st. 1753, is with me a memorable day. and for forty years and more has 
not passed unnoticed. We got off as silently as we could, with ourselves and effects. 
Some went by water : and others by land, with the horses. I was with the land 
party. The Indians, half intoxicated, were outrageous, and pursued both the party 
by water, in which was Mr. Woodbridge, and the party by land. One came so near 
us as with his club to strike at us. and he hit one of our horses. We hastened. 
Neither party met till we arrived at Wauteghe, at v/hich had been an Indian village, 
where were a few fruit trees and considerable cleared land, but no inhabitants. Here, 
being unmolested and secure, we all refreshed ourselves. But Pallas was the worse 
for his rum ; was so refractory, that Mr. Ashley's hired man, who had been in the 
canoe with him. did not like to proceed with him. I reproved him ; got into a 
canoe with him, to keep him in order ; was young and inexperienced ; knew not 
Indians, nor much of mankind : whereby I endangered my life. 

We went with tne stream, till we came to slack water, when Pallas, took his gun, 
to aim at fowl ahead of us. I v.^as apprehensive of his gun : for I perceived him to 
be in liquor. I took a paddle, and was turning the canoe, when the ducks rose, and 
took wing. The Indian was taking in his piece, which at that instant was dis- 
charged, and had it not been for the turn of my body, and particularly my head, 
the charge must have been mortal. Mr. Woodbridge who had his eye upon me, looked 
to see me drop ; and was surprised, when he saw me unhurt. 1 had no certainty, 
but always suspected that Pallas designed to have murdered me. 

This unexpected event filled us with amasement, and with such feelings and 
affections, that we immediately landed on the west bank of the river ; and passed the 
day in pensive and silent recollection, and such meditations as were natural to men 
in our situation. I retired from company. Here a small stream empties into the 
river, and our horses were turned out to graze on its margin ; but in the night three 
or four of them returned to Wauteghe, which is twelve miles back. 

June 2nd. Our Indians did not recover the horses till late in the morning ; and 
to-day we fall down the river only six or eight miles, and lodge by the Kaghneanta- 
sis or whirlpool, because there was herbage for our horses at that place. Mr. Wood- 



OF THE State of New York. 3405 

bridge made many observations concerning the consequences which would have 
followed, in case I had been killed. 

Lord's-day, June 3rd. To-day we embarked and proceeded down the river, and 
about noon passed a considerable village ; some families of which were of the Hous- 
sautunnuk Indians, and of the same language with the Stockbridge tribe : But as it 
was the christian sabbath, we did not permit Winedecker to land. They stood on the 
bank and beheld us. Here we left Pallas. At this place, from the N. W. rolls into 
the Susquehanna a river, which is navigable with canoes a day's journey. Its name 
is Teyonadelhough. Five or six miles below, we landed on the west bank, and put 
up for the night. 

June 4th. In the afternoon appeared at a distance Onohoghgwage mountain, and 
shewed us the end of our journey and the object of our wishes. It rained. Wet and 
fatigued, we arrived near night. The Indians flocked around us, and made us wel- 
come. Our hopes were raised by favorable appearances. But our accommodations, 
considering our fatigues, were not very comfortable. Our lodgings were bad, being 
both dirty and hard ; and our clothes wet. 

June 5th. To-day there were many the worse for the rum that came with us. 
One of our horses hurt an Indian boy ; and this raised and enraged such a party 
against us, as Ashley, his wife the interpreter, and the Indians at whose house we 
lodged, hid themselves, and would have me and Mr. Woodbridge get out of sight ; 
but we did not think proper to discover the least symptoms of fear, although they 
threatened us in the most provoking and insulting manner. In the afternoon came 
chiefs of the Onohoghgwages, and assured us that those insulting and ill-behaved 
Indians did not belong to them,* but were foreigners. We pointed out to them the 
ill effects of intemperance, and remonstrated against their permitting rum to be 
brought among them ; and that it was necessary in future it should be prohibited, 
or the dispensing of it regulated, in case we founded a mission and planted Chris- 
tianity among them. In short, we now opened a treaty with them upon the affairs 
of our advent, and the importance of our business in every view. Having shewn our 
credentials, Mr. Woodbridge addressed himself in a well adapted speech of consider- 
able length, to an assembly who were collected upon the occasion. 

It affected them, and they appeared to be religiously moved, convicted, and even 
converted. But I must reserve a further account of our mission to another time, 
when I may copy our addresses, and the answers returned by the Indians thereto. 

I am etc. 

Gideon Hawley. 

Rev. Dr. Thacher. 

The Synod of iSTorth Holland, July 31- Aug. 9, 1753. Vol. 63. 

Article 36. 

" Rev. John Schuneman, candidate, has been finally examined 
and ordained, Jan. 9, 1753, at Amsterdam, to be minister at 
Catskill and Coxsackic in the county of Albany, in the Province 
of IS^ew York." 

Article 45. 

Pennsylvania Affairs. 

[About collections in England and elsewhere for the Pennsyl- 
vania churches. Success of Rev. David Thompson, of the English 
Presbyterian Church at Amsterdam, in securing moneys in Eng- 
land.] 

♦This paper was partly the case. 

Note. — See Doc. Hist, ii., 3G6 for a letter from Mr. Woodbridge to Sir W. John- 
son dated Albany 26 June, 1753. on his return from Oquaga, enclosing a remon- 
strance from these Indians against the introduction of rum among them. 

—Doc. Hist. N. Y. Vol. Hi. pp. 627-634 



1753 



3406 Ecclesiastical Records 

" As regards the request of the Christian Synod of South Hol- 
land, made last year through the Correspondent of this Synod, 
Kev. Tyken, touching the bringing about of a correspondence 
between the Pennsylvania Coetus and that of IsTew York, the 
Classis can as yet not determine anything." 

COEKESPONDENGE FEOM AmEEICA. 

Rev. John Frelinghuysen to the Classis of Amsterdam, Aug. 1753. 
Portfolio " 'Rew York," Vol. ii. Vol. xxiii, 390. Ref. xxiv. 28. 

Addressed : Very Reverend Fathers in Christ, Members of the Classis, assembled at 

Amsterdam. 
Very Reverend Fathers in Christ : 

We should never have troubled your Revs, with a request like this, nor have been 
willing even to accept your Revs, offer were it not that the heavy blow which 
clothes us in deepest sorrow, compels us to do so. My two brothers, those amiable 
men, beloved in their lives, my pupils, yea, even like sons, in their deaths were not 
divided. On board the ship in which they were joyfully expected to arrive in their 
earthly Fatherland, (America) they died. The one, seven days after the other, 
each stricken down with the small pox. But in full assurance, and enjoying happy 
foretastes, they reached the Heavenly Land. The other two arrived safely. [The 
first two were Ferdinand and Jacobus Frelinghuysen. In July, 1753, they set sail 
for America. The other two were Messrs. Vrooman and Schuneman.] 

This letter cannot express to you the grief and sadness which that blow has 
caused us and our Zion ; but it must now serve another purpose. The youngest of 
my brothers, Hendrik Frielinghuysen, student in Sacred Theology, would probably 
have already started, in order to be ordained (in Holland by you) to the sacred 
ministry, even as his brothers were sent with that design, if this blow had not 
hindered us. Not only has the loss of those two fine young men inflicted upon us a 
wound so severe, that we have the less courage now to let Henricus run the risk 
of the sea as well as other dangers ; but he is the Benjamin, in our family, and he 
has never had the small pox. Churches (Marbletown, etc.) have also already ex- 
pressed their desire to have him as their minister. My humble request, therefore, 
of your Revs., is, that our Coetus may be authorized, upon evidence of his ability, 
to ordain (promote) him in the name of the Classis. Our case is an extraordinary 
one, and so there are extraordinary arguments for this request. 

Rev. Fathers, remember these facts. (1) Four of our family, in order not to 
trouble you, by asking of you the favor of being promoted to the sacred ministry 
in this country, have risked their lives and fortunes to attain the ministry in a way 
more agreeable to you ; and, as we also thought in a way which would be more use- 
ful to us. The last two, the most excellent of us all, have lost their lives by it. 
We have only one left — the hope of our house. For him is now asked this favor, 
which we should never have craved, nor even accepted if offered, were it not for 
this heavy blow. 

(2) The one in whose behalf we make this request, you may have good reason to 
believe, is a capable person, so far as his education goes. He has been a student 
from his youth up, and in education is not unlike his four brothers who are known 
to you. Professors Irhovev and Risuerus can also testify to the fact that he was 
well-grounded in the sciences, when he came to them. 

(3) The church (Marbletown, etc.) which desires him is one of those which shares 
with us the sorrow for our brothers loss. For they have been deprived of their 
minister (Jacobus) whom they had called. By sending him over to you (for ordina- 
tion), that church has sufficiently shown its submission to our Doctrine and Church 
Order. 

(4) Your Revs, may take into account, also, all those other common reasons, which 
have been laid before you by the pens of others, and which have induced .your Revs. 
to allow several persons to be promoted, in your name, In this country. Let It not 



OF THE State op New York. 3407 

offend your Revs, that I do not make this request by the mouth of the Coetus ; 
because it is not now in session ; and also, because I would not undertake to break 
their determination never again to ask such a thing of your Revs. 

(.5) And finally: I wish to make request that I may hear the result of your 
action soon, in order that a long delay may not cut off the opportunity for taking 
other measures in case your answer should be a refusal. Meanwhile, I will indulge 
the hope that your Revs, will cause us to rejoice in this matter, and will authorize 
our Coetus to bring about the end desired. But, however it may be, may the Lord 
grant that we may ever look to Him and to His guidance. 

Commending your Revs, to the Lord, I sign myself, Very Reverend Fathers in 
Christ, 

Your Revs.' Obedient Servant and Brother in Christ, 

John Frielinghuysen. 
Raritan, Aug. , 1753. 

No. 201. Received Jan. 8. 1754. 



Church of ISTew York. 
Manor of Fordham. 

^ew York, August 7, 1753. 

Consistory held, after calling on God's name. The following 
report upon the matter of the Manor of Fordham was presented by 
the committee appointed by the consistory on the 16th of July: 

The undersigned, a committee of the consistory of the Low 
Dutch Congregation at 'New York, to enquire into the means of 
making free the Manor of Fordham, bequeathed to the congre- 
gation aforesaid by Mr. Cornelius Steenwyck and his wife Mar- 
gareta de Kiemer, ISTov. 20, 1684, hereby report to the Consistory 
that the legacy of the Manor aforesaid runs thus : " To the behoof 
of the Low Dutch Congregation of this city, Xew York, for the 
better support and maintenance of its minister, called according 
to the Church Order of the ISTetherlands, being now present or 
hereafter to be called and to come, without the least contradiction 
or opposition of any one : yet none of the lands of the Manor shall 
be transferred, alienated, or otherwise disposed of, contrary to the 
tenor of this, but shall forever remain as an inheritance for the 
support, and maintenance of the church service of said congrega- 
tion and not otherwise." 

Whence it appears that the release of the Manor can be accom- 
plished in no other way than one which will fully meet the object 
of the testator. 

As we now see that the Manor has been held by the congrega- 
tion more than sixty years, and has but little answered the aim 



1753 



3408 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

of the giver, yea, rather has been in many respects hurtful ; and 
there is fear, on account of the- destruction of the wood and 
other troubles, the income will from time to time diminish ; there- 
fore we cannot but judge, from the experience of many years in 
the past, and from the prospect for the future, that the liberation 
of the same is a stringent necessity for the advantage of the con- 
gregation in the support of its ministers : inasmuch as we are 
confident that, if the Manor were sold either entire or in portions, 
and the receipts laid out in buying lands and houses in the city 
or in building houses on our own land, the income would be 
doubled, and thus we would be able to maintain the Low Dutch 
divine service with little burden on the congregation : And to 
gain such an end, nothing is more necessary than to send a com- 
mission to the (State) Assembly for the release of the Manor that 
we may be empowered to sell the same, for the purpose defined 
in the will of the testator, and for no other purpose whatsoever. 
This report therefore, we now submit to the judgment of the 

Consistory. 

Abram Van Wyck 

Frans Marschalk 

Cornelius Clopper, Jr. 

Albertus Tiebout 
New York, Aug. 6, (1753). 

This report was read and approved without any alteration, and 

it was further resolved to call the Great Consistory to consider 

this matter, on Thursday next, at five o'clock, P. M. ; and the 

ruling consistory at four o'clock, to deliberate somewhat before 

hand. 

'New York, August 9, 1753. 

The Great Consistory were informed of the purpose for which 
they were summoned, viz., to consider the release of the Manor 
of Fordham. 

The report of the committee and the action of the ruling con- 
sistory thereon having been read, as above recorded, they unani- 
mously approved the same. They recommended to the ruling 
consistory to proceed in the matter and promised whatever aid 



OF THE State op New York. 3409 

1753 

they could render. They counted also upon the prudence which 
the Ruling Consistory would use in defining the properties which 
would be bought with the money of the Manor. 

The committee, therefore, were requested to go on mth their 
work and prepare a draught, and submit the same to the consist- 
ory. This they agreed to do. 

it v/as further resolved, since the precentor's place in the Old 
Church is now vacant, that the President should write by the 
first opportunity to Mr. Harmanns Van Huyzen, school-master at 
Tappen, and request him to exercise his gifts here once, and that 
he would be rewarded for his trouble. 

Thus done in consistory. Signed in name of all, 

J. Ritzema, President. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Thomas Romyn. 

1753, Sept. 2nd. Art. 1. The Messrs. Deputies submitted a 

written plan to be given Rev. Romyn to sign. After proper 

consideration, it was accepted. This shall be recorded in the 

Acta of the Deputati. 

Also the letters to the Coetus, to Rev. Prielinghuysen, and to 
the protesting members of Jamaica, which had been drawn up by 
the Messrs. Depp, were read, and approved, xii. 360. 

Pennsylvania. 

Art. 7. The Rev. Depp, had received from the Depp. South 
Holland a letter from Rev. (Jacob) Lischy, of December 2nd and 
12th, 1752. 

Also a letter to this Classis from the Revs. (George M.) Weiss 
and (John P.) Leidich, of May 30, this year ; as well as a letter 
from Mr. Samuel Chandler, of England, all of which were read, 
xii. 361. 

Ordination of Thomas Romeyn, Peter Manhard, Stephen Sam. 

* de Lavel. 
Art. 11. Each of these gentlemen preached a sermon, the first 
on 1 Cor. 3 : 17, " For the temple of God is holy, which temple 



3410 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

ye are"; the second on Ps. 72 : 17 ; the third on Ps. 92 : 14; and 
were admitted to the preparatory examination; the first one also 
to the final examination. They were properly questioned by 
Eev. van Muyden in the Hebrew and Greek tongues, and upon the 
principal articles of Sacred Theology. They were admitted to 
the public ministry after they had subscribed the Formulae of 
Concord, the Canons, and the Post Acta of the jSTational Synod 
of Dort; also after they had repudiated the condemned opinions 
of Prof. Koel and Dr. Bekker, and promised to read word for 
word, without change, the Forms for Baptism and Communion; 
especially the last three questions in the Baptismal Form. The 
two licentiates also took the oath against Simony. The Examiner 
was thanked and the examinees were wished an increasing measure 
of light and grace. Proper certificates will be given them by the 
clerk. Eev. Komyn, moreover, was admitted to the Sacred Min- 
istry for the church of ISTew Netherland whereunto he is called, 
and ordained to the ofiice with the laying on of hands, xii. 361. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

Special Stipulations required of Rev. Thomas Romeyn, Sept. 3, 
1753, when called to Oyster Bay and Jamaica, L. I. Vol. 31, 
page 32. Reference xxiv. 23. 

Copy of what the Classis of Amsterdam wrote below the printed 
qualification of Rev. Thomas Romeyn as minister at Oyster Bay. 

The Classis of Amsterdam, having seen a call, extended by the minister of Jamaica 
and Oyster Bay, on the 27th of November, 1752, to Mr. Thomas Romeyn; and having, 
moreover, taken into account the fact that there are in the church of Jamaica two 
consistories; that the one consistory has protested and appealed to this Classical 
Assembly, first, against the legality of the consistory at Jamaica which has made 
this call; and secondly, against the calling of Rev. Thomas Romeyn in particular; 
for it has not felt itself at liberty as yet to approve that call so far as the church 
at Jamaica is concerned: 

And inasmuch as this Assembly does not yet possess sufficient light to judge of 
the legality of the consistory; but has, nevertheless, approved the call, so far as 
the church at Oyster Bay is concerned; and, after previous examination, has 
ordained and qualified Rev. Thomas Romeyn as minister of the church at Oyster 
Bay; but on this express condition and with this stipulation, that the aforesaid 
Rev. Thomas Romeyn shall make a promise, in writing, to the Classis, as also his 
Rev. has agreed to do, in effect as follows:— 



OF THE State of New York. 3411 

Portfolio " 'New York ", Vol. ii. 

I, the undersigued, Thomas Romeyn, called as minister to the church at Jamaica 
and Oyster Bay, on Nov. 27, 1752, having been informed of the protest and appeal, 
made by a certain consistory at Jamaica, against the legality of that consistory at 
Jamaica which called me; as also of the protest and appeal against my being called 
so far as the church at Jamaica is concerned; declare and promise in all sincerity 
of heart: 

First, That I will abide by the call, which I accepted, so far as the church of 
Oyster Bay is concerned; and that, in expectation of the Lord's help and blessing, 
I agree to discharge all the duties of a faithful minister in the said church. 

But, secondly: As regards the call to the church at Jamaica, I declare and promise 
that I will perform no function as minister of the church of Jamaica, before the 
protest and appeal against the legality of the consistory which called me, and 
against my call as a minister at Jamaica, shall have been considered, and the dif- 
ferences settled, by the Coetus of New York; or, if it cannot be done there, by the 
Classis of Amsterdam; or, if needs be, by the Christian Synod of North Holland. 

Thirdly, That I will become a member of the Coetus of New York, and submit 
myself to its just rules, resolutions and decisions, made in accordance with Church 
Order, saving the right of appeal to the Classis of Amsterdam, and to the Christian 
Synod of North Holland, in case I should feel myself aggrieved. 

Finally: I promise that with all prudence and zeal, so far as in me lies, I will 
help in promoting amity and peace in the churches of Oyster Bay and Jamaica; as 
also in the churches of Newtown (Newtuyn) and Hemstede which were formerly 
united with Oyster Bay and Jamaica. 

Thus done at Amsterdam, Sept. 3, 1753. Thomas Romeyn, S. S. 

Acts of the Classis of Amsterdam. 

The Classis of Amsterdam to the Coetus, Sept. 3rd, 1753. Vol. 

31, page 30, No. 13, Eef. xxiv. 23. 

To the Coetus of New York. 

Rev. Gentlemen and Much-beloved Brethren: — 

We had the honor lately, on May 7th, (1753,) of writing to you, 
in answer to yours of Sept. 25, 1752. jSTo doubt you have already 
received ours, and therefore we will not repeat what we have 
written excepting this : That Vv^e brought in the appeal to the 
Coetns of the Rev. members of the Consistory of Jamaica, signed 
by the names of P. Ammerman, A. Schenck, Simeon Van 
ISToordwyk and D. Durye. In connection therewith we have 
heard that Rev. Thomas Romeyn had been called, Rev. John 
Prelinghuysen being moderator of the call. We have also re- 
ceived a letter from Rev. Frelinghuysen defending the legality 
of this call ; and in addition to all this, an appeal of the said Con- 
sistory against this call. The Classis has deliberated upon these 
documents with care in order to act in a way most favorable for 
the restoration of peace and the general edification of the church. 
With such desires, and prayer for divine guidance, the Classis has 
approved this call on Rev. Thos. Romeyn as pastor ; has examined 



1753 



8412 Ecclesiastical Records 

him and qualified him for that office at Oyster Bay, inasmuch as 
there was no protest brought in against the call (from that place) 
but only from Jamaica. The Classis has imposed some conditions 
which Mr. Romeyn has promised to fulfill. These are to be found 
in the ordinary printed qualifications of which you have a copy. 
We trust that you will be satisfied with our proceedings, and that 
you will be as active as possible in promoting the unity of the 
four congregations. We hope you will do everything in your 
power to accomplish tliis, with the resolution of the Coetus, which, 
apparently, has been done by J. Frelinghuysen ; for he, as Mod- 
erator, has presented the call to Kev. Romeyu, instead of Rev. 
De Ronde, who was appointed to this duty by the Coetus. We 
hope this may be no cause of offence, but that peace may still pre- 
vail. 

Availing ourselves of the present opportunity, we take the lib- 
erty of bringing to your consideration, the question, that the calls 
which are sent up for examination and approval, be first examined 
by Rev. Coetus. But if the Coetus should not meet in a long 
time, that this should then be done by brethren in the neighbor- 
hood. In order for us properly to consider matters, such resolu- 
tions should be made known to the Classis, to give them full light 
on the subject. We wish nothing else, Dear Brethren, except to 
be your servants in these matters, that the Church of God may 
be built up, both among you and among ourselves, and be flourish- 
ing and peaceful, that Zion may become a praise in all the earth. 
May the Lord bless your labors and crovv'^n you with the excel- 
lency of his benediction. May the God of all grace and comfort 
be with you and remain, making you rich in grace now, and v/ith 
glory in eternity. 

Vv'e remain with all respect, Rev. Gentlemen and Much-beloved 
Brethren, Your humble and obedient servants and Brethren, 
The Members of the Classis of Amsterdam, 
In the name of all, 

Jakob de Jonge, Ecc. Anist. Depp. h. t. Praeses. 

John A. Van Muyden, Ecc. Amst. Depp. h. t. Scriba. 
In our Classical x\ssembly at 

Amsterdam, Sept. 3rd, 1753. 



OP THE State of New York. 3413 

Acts of the Coetus of ISTew Yoek, Held Sept. 11-20, 1753. 

Portfolio "^^ew York " Vol. ii. Vol. xxiii. 380-8. Eeferred to, 
xxiv. 28. See also Acts of Classis, xii. 373. 

Tuesday, September 11 — Forenoon. 

The Assembly was opened with an appropriate prayer by the President of 
the last Coetus. In consequence of the absence of Dom. Verbryck, who would 
succeed in order as President, the appointment was postponed till the afternoon, 
and in the meantime the former President read the minutes of the last Coetus. 

Dom. Ritzema excepted to the 2nd article of the afternoon session of September 
19th; but, as this matter would come up in handling the Long Island question, it 
was for the present taken ad referendum. 

3. Report.— According to Art. 1. of the afternoon session of Sept. 20th, Dom. Haeg- 
hoort and other ministers shall make report concerning the case of Dom. Muzelius, 
after the Classical Letters shall have been read. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God, to meet again at half past 
three, P. M. 

Afternoon Session. 

The Assembly being opened with prayer, Dom. Verbryck succeeded in order aa 
President, and Dom. Fryenmoet as Clerk. 

Members Present. 
Dom. Erickson Elder, Matthew Peterson 

Curtenius " Demarest 

Haeghoort 

Schuyler " L. Riker 

Ritzema " A. Van Wyck 

Van Sinderen " A. Lott 

Fryenmoet " D- Westbrook 

Goetschius " A. Terhune 

Leydt " H. Fisher 

Van Der Linde " D. Van Dien 

Verbryck " J- Haering 

De Ronde " B. Byvank 

Frelinghuyson " S. Van Arsdalen 

Marinus " D. Van Houten 

2. Signing of the Rules.— On motion. Resolved, That the mistakes in the order of 
succession in signing the Rules of the Coetus be rectified, and a new subscription 
made; which was accordingly done. 

3. Communications.— The Classical Letters were read, viz.: (1) Of July 17, 1752; 

(2) Extract of a letter from Dom. P. Wynsto-ck to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; 

(3) Extract from a letter of the Classis of Nederveluwe; (4) Another from the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, dated December 5, 1752, with a proposal of peace for Long 
Island; (5) Yet another, from the same, dated May 7, 1753. 

Then the Assembly adjourned, with thanksgiving to God. Tetnpus Conventus 
to-morrow, at nine. 

Wednesday, September 12 — Forenoon. 

The Assembly being o]3ened with prayer: 

1. The mistakes in signing the Rules were rectified. 

2. The minutes of yesterday were Read, and no exception taken to them. 

3. Dom. Van Sinderen reported that he had confoi-med to the advice of the Coetus 
in administering the Lord's Supper, and, beyond expectation, had found the oppon- 
ents, with few exceptions, moderate. 

4. A letter was read fi-om Dom. Vrooman, excusing himself for his absence this 
year from the Coetus. 



1753 



3414 Ecclesiastical Records 

5. A report was made by the committee io the case of Dom. Muzelius. 

6. A letter, from the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam to the committee in the case of 
Tappan, was read. 

7. The report of this committee and the Classical Letter to them were, on motion, 
talsen ad referendum. 

8. The protest of Dom. Haeghoort was taken ad referendum. 

9. The proposal of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, respecting peace on Long 
Island, was again read, and different opinions expressed thereon; when 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God. Tempus Conventus this after- 
noon, at four o'clock. 



Afternoon Session. 

1. Playi of Peace for Kings County.— The Assembly being opened with prayer, Dom. 
Ritzema presented the following plan concerning the Long Island subject, which, 
by unanimous vote, was made an act of the Coetus: 

The Coetus, having maturely considered the proposel of the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam to try once more whether the congregations of Long Island cannot be 
reconciled to the continuance there of Dom. Arondeus, find that the plan so piously 
and cordially presented by the Rev. Classis is still of such a nature that it cannot 
be executed without wounding the conscience. Wherefore it was suggested whether 
the pious object of the Rev. Classis could not be attained in this way: 

a. The sentence upon Dom. Arondeus to be confirmed. 

b. An entirely new Consistory to be chosen out of both parties in the five united 
villages, in the presence of the Coetus, according to the resolution of 1751, with the 
resignation of all who now are, or are deemed, members of Consistory. 

c. A new minister to be sent from Holland by the Rev. Classis in place of 
Arondeus, and to be called, along with Van Sinderen, by the new Consistory, in the 
name of the congregation; in which call, (if possible,) as well as in that of Van 
Sinderen, the village of Gravesend shall be included. 

d. During the vacancy, the congregation to be served by the whole Coetus, from 
the oldest to the youngest, together with Van Sinderen. 

e. During the vacancy, no Consistory meeting to be held by Van Sinderen alone as 
President, but always in the presence of the minister whose turn it shall then be 
to be there. In case of extremity, one of the brethren of the Circle to be called in. 

Worthy Brethren! The Rev. Coetus, now assembled, has maturely considered, in 
the fear of the Lord, the letters of the Rev. Classis in reference to the settlement 
of the long-pending disputes in Kings County, Long Island, and finds itself con- 
strained, in conscience, to adopt the following plan: 

1. The sentence before pronounced upon Arondeus, ratified by the Rev. Classis, at 
last executed in their name, and again confirmed on certain conditions, must hold 
good; so that he can no longer be a minister among you, and you are henceforth 
not to regard him as such, nor to refuse obedience to what we have unanimously 
done, in conscience, before God, and according to his Word and to the Church 
Order. 

II. We declare to you that our object is, together with the maintenance of right- 
eousness, to promote the welfare of your congregations; wherefore we have judged 
it best to further what is good, and to take away what is bad, root and branch; to 
which end, we supplicate the blessing of the God of all grace upon you. 

(Here follow the articles above, marked b, c, d, and e; and the address concluded 
thus:) 

Dear Brethren! The Assembly expects nothing less than that this just and rea- 
sonable proposal will be adopted by you all, without exception; and this the more, 
since we are firmly resolved to defend this action in every church court. 

2. Plan Announced to the Parties.— The committees from the five villages were intro- 
duced, and had the above act of the Coetus read to them. They requested copies, 
which were granted to them, and Friday afternoon was appointed for receiving 
their answer. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God. 



OF THE State of New York. 3415 

Thursday, September 13 — Forenoon. 

The Assembly being as usual opened with prayer to God: 

1. Jamaica.— Dom. Ritzema made an explanation concerning the election and ordi- 
nation of the Consistory here, which the Rev. Classis had mentioned, and which the 
Rev. Coetus declared lawful. 

2. An Appeal.— Daniel Duryee, A. Schenck, S. Nordwyck, and N. Van Noostrand 
laid upon the table a request for redress, and in case this were not granted, a pro- 
test and appeal against Messrs. Ritzema, Goetschius, and Frelinghuysen being 
allowed, on account of partisanship, (as they professed,) to sit upon their case. The 
last was refused, as groundless. 

3. Dom. Eaeghoort's Proicst— Respecting this, Dom. Haeghoort testified that he had 
never received, if the Classis had ever written, any letter touching this matter. 
The subject itself was taken ad referendum. 

The Assembly separated, after thanksgiving to God. 

Afternoon Session. 

The Assembly was again opened with prayer to God. 

Plan of settlement at Jamaica. 

Dom. Ritzema proposed the following to the Rev. Assembly, who made it a reso- 
lution of their own: 

Worthy Friends— The Rev. Coetus has carefully considered your papers designed 
to show, 1. That your Consistory at Jamaica is lawful; and 2. That the one chosen 
by Dom. Ritzema is unlawful; and therefore, also, the call made by them on Mr. 
Romeyn. 

We reply to the first. That this cannot be admitted. 

1. Because, according to the decree of the Classis, a Consistory must be chosen 
either by a neighboring minister, or by one of the committee, (appointed for the 
purpose,) or by one of the Coetus; and Dom. Arondeus was neither of these: not 
the first, as the fact itself shows; nor the second, for he was not appointed; nor 
the third, for he is still out of the Coetus. 

2. Because it must be with the consent of the congregation, which was not the 
case here, since the elder, Abrah. Lott, not only took no part in it, but actually 
protested in the church against your election. 

As to the second, that is a matter which does not belong to us, but depends upon 
the Rev. Classis; and where they are concerned, our judgement can avail nothing 
for or against. What the Classis now demands of us is to do away the dispute, if 
possible. Weigh well, then, brethren, whether it be not altogether most becoming 
to act with us to this end, since the judgement of the Classis is manifest to us 
both. Thus perhaps every difliculty may be at once removed, and we and you both 
put at ease. 

1. Answer of the Committee.— The committee from Jamaica, being again introduced, 
agree with the Coetus to let everything rest for the present, until further advices 
be had from the Rev. Classis. 

2. Hackensack.—Jsicoh Cutwater, an outgoing deacon of Hackensack, presented 
some complaints against Dom. Goetschius and five of his Consistory, which, having 
been considered, were taken ad referendum. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God. 

Friday, September 14 — Forenoon. 

The Assembly being opened with prayer to God: 

1. Reading of Minutes.— The minutes of Wednesday and Thursday were read, and 
no exceptions taken to them. 

2. Jamaica.- A letter from the Consistory of Jamaica, which the Classis had 
declared lawful, was read. 

3 Sacfcensacfc.— Concerning the differences between J. Cutwater and Dom. Goet- 
schius and his Consistory, the Assembly ordained the following for the peace and 
quiet of the congregation: 



1753 



1753 



3416 Ecclesiastical Records 

The present Consistory shall continue; notwithstanding, the Coetus proposed to 
them the following method in future, viz.: A free nomination shall be made hy all 
the members of the Consistory, out of whom the election shall be made, until 
another mode shall be unanimously adopted by the congregation. 

The Assembly further judged that the existing differences should be adjusted in 
love, and that the two ministers, Curtenius and Goetschius, as also the Consistory, 
and Cutwater and his friends, should be earnestly recommended to revive again 
the brotherly love which had begun to grow cool. To do this, Dom. Ritzema was 
appointed in the name of the Coetus, and he performed it faithfully. 

4. Do7n. Muzelius and Tappan. — This case coming up, at the request of the Presi- 
dent, Dora. Erickson was substituted in his place ; whereupon the letter of the Rev. 
Classis to the committee of the Coetus in this matter was read to the delegates 
from Tappan, Corn. Kuyper, Mr. Haering, and John Nagel. These delegates com- 
plained that Muzelius, in the face of all warnings, went on in a scandalous and 
sinful manner, not only sorely accusing, with abuse and threats, the minister, 
and Consistory, and committee of the Coetus, but also preaching, and even baptizing 
a negro without his making a profession of faith ; so that the schism in the con- 
gregation became still greater. 

The Assembly separated with thanksgiving to God. 

Afternoon Session. 

The Assembly opened with prayer. 

1. The letter of the lawful Consistory of Jamaica was referred, for further explana- 
tion by the Classis. 

2. Tappan. — The delegates being again heard, their complaints were taken a^ 
referendum. 

3. Application to be examined for License Refused. — John Aemilius Wernich ap- 
peared, requesting to be examined and ordained ; but the directions of the Rev. Classis 
were read to him, and his request declined. 

4. Arondeus's Friends Protest. — The friends of Aronder.s protested against the 
sentence issued yesterday against him, and said they would appeal ; yet, against 
all reason, refused to state in writing, or to suffer to be taken down, their reasons of 
protest and appeal. 

5. Tappan. — The Assembly ordered the agreement made some years since between 
Muzelius and the congregation of Tappan, respecting arrears of salary, to remain 
in statu quo, since the members of this body cannot certainly recall anything of its 
nature beyond what is contained in the minutes. Further ordered, that Muzelius be 
written to, to present himself before us at three o'clock on Tuesday afternoon ; which 
was done. 

Separated with thanksgiving to God. 

Tuesday, September 18 — Forenoon. 

1. Tappan — The committee on this matter was again examined, and the Assembly 
resolved to abide by the answer of the Rev. Classis ; still, however, intending to 
attend to the EmeritussMp of Muzelius. 

Separated with thanksgiving to God. 

Afternoon Session. 

Opened with prayer to God. 

1. Call from Bergen — Protest. — A call from Bergen and Staten Island upon Mr. 
William Jackson was read, and found complete. The delegates of the friends of 
Arondeus presented their appeal and protest to the Rev. Classis, which the Coetus 
undertook to oppose. This was made known to them, and they v/ere exhorted, 
meanwhile, to abide by our decision, which hitherto they have refused to do. 

2. Fishkill. — A letter from the Consistory here, occasioned by the failure of Pough- 
keepsie to supply firewood, was read, and taken ad referendum. 

3. Muzelius. — He appeared, and his affairs were taken ad referendum,. 
Separated with thanksgiving to God. 



OF THE State of New York. 3417 

Wednesday, September 19 — Forenoon. 

Opened with prayer to God. 

1. Minutes — Committees. — The minutes of yesterday were read, and no exceptions 
taken. Dom. Curtenius and the elder, Abraham Van Wyck, were appointed a com- 
mittee to agree with Dom. Muzelius respecting the removal from the congregation. 
Dom. Ritzema and Frelinghuysen were appointed a committee of Dom. Arondeus's 
friends. 

Dom. Frelinghuysen inquired whether a child born in incestuous fornication could 
De baptized? 

2. Dom. HacghooH's Protest. — It was proposed by him to drop his protest now, 
with the view of putting the Coetus on a better footing at its next ordinary or 
extraordinary session. The Assembly heartily agreed to supply all deficiencies in its 
constitution which should be intelligently and kindly shown ; and with this Dom. 
Haeghoort was satisfied. The Assembly having appointed the next ordinary meeting 
for the handling of this matter, prior to all other questions, the brethren were all 
requested to be present. 

3. Muzelius. — The committee on this case reported that Dom. Muzelius, on condi- 
tion of remaining an Emeritus minister, would remove out of the congrega- 
tion, and forego his claims for a moderate sum of money. The Assembly agreed 
that Dom. Muzelius, on the written condition of removing fairly and promptly from 
Dom. VerBryck's congregation, of releasing them of their obligations for a sum of 
money, and promising in future to behave in a Christian manner, according to God's 
Word and the Church Order, should be held and recognized as an Emeritus minister. 
The Assembly requestedAbr'm Lefferts, Jas. Roosevelt, and Elbert Haering to adju.st 
matters in their name between Dom. Muzelius and the Consistory and congregation 
of Tappan, and carry out the agreement stated in the foregoing resolution. Till 
the accomplishment of this ob.iect, Dom. Muzelius is to abstain from all ministerial 
service in Dom. Verbryck's congregation ; and if the agreement is not made, then 
the Coetus will proceed to consider the Classical Letter to their committee on this 
subject. All of which is to be announced to him orally. 

Separated with thanksgiving. 

Afternoon Session. 

Opened with prayer to God, as usual. 

1. Appeal of Duryee. — Dom. De Ronde was requested to write to Dan Duryee, to 
inform him that the first minute, of which a copy was furnished him, would remain 
in the minutes, and that he might present his protest by the Extraordinary Clerk. 
The Rev. Messrs. Frelinghuysen and Leydt, and the elder, Fisher, were requested to 
reply to this protest and appeal, in the name of the Coetus. 

2. Appeal of Arandeus. — The committee on the reply to this, reported a draft, which 
was amended by the Assembly, and then given to Dom. Ritzema to be fairly copied, 
and forwarded with the other papers of the Rev. Coetus. 

It was ordered that the next Ordinary Coetus should be held on the fourth Tuesday 
of September. 
Separated with thanksgiving. 

Thnrsdaj, September 20 — Forenoon. 

Opened with prayer. 

The minutes of yesterday afternoon were read, and no exceptions taken to them. 
The full reply to the protest and appeal of Arondeus's followers were read over, and 
the brethren were heartily thanked for it. Mr. William Jackson, being about to 
travel to Europe, showed his ecclesiastical testimonials, and offered his service to 
the Assembly; whereupon the President, after inspecting his papers, cordially 
thanked him. and wished him all health and happiness. 

The Assembly, after wishing each other all health and blessing in love, separated, 
with thanltsgiving to God. 

( Signed. 1 Samuel Verbryck, V. D. M., p. t. President 
.T. Fryenmoet, V. D. M., p. t., Clerk. 



1753 



1753 



3418 Ecclesiastical Records 

One of the Consistoeies at Jamaica, to the Coetus of ISTew 
York, Sept. 11, 1753. 

Portfolio " l^ew York ", Vol. ii. Kef. xxiv. 32. 

To the Rev. Coetus of New York : — 

We, the undersigned, consistory of Jamaica, seeing that we are not considered by 
the Coetus the legal consistory of .Jamaica, but are altogether ignored ; even to that 
extent, that a mere part of us, which is declared to be the consistory, is allowed 
to call a minister ; therefore, we find ourselves compelled once again to address 
ourselves to your Rev. Coetus, because of this grievous treatment which we receive. 

We, hereby, therefore, address you with the very friendly request for redress in 
this matter of ours ; for we see no reason for such treatment. It can be clearly 
proved, as this enclosure shows, that we did not refuse, but agreed to the proposi- 
tion, made in an article, which the Commissioners of the Coetus extracted (from 
the minutes and) sent us by the hand of the late Rev. (G.) du Bois, for the election 
of a consistory. But, notwithstanding others have, meanwhile, mixed up this fact 
with lies, by saying that we were unwilling to act according to the prescribed 
article ; although we never said a word to that effect, and have always acted in 
perfect accord with the said article ; yet the ministers who were either appointed 
on this business at the time, or else who took it upon themselves, did without 
further investigating those statements with which we are charged by others, prefer 
to believe them ; and they sent us another article which we could not agree to. 
We were thus necessitated to look for a neighboring minister, which also we did. 
We got Rev. Arondeus to help us in choosing a consistory ; and, in the liberty given 
us by the Rev. Classis, as its communication to us shows, we allowed it to be installed 
by the minister aforesaid. 

But the Commissioners before mentioned cannot acquiesce in the matter ; and in 
place of the consistory chosen by us, they chose another consistory, in the interest 
of a party. They have thus set us aside. And nothing of all this, indeed, has come 
to the Coetus for its consideration ; nor the manner how, owing to the most abomin- 
able lies, we have been rejected, and looked upon as unwilling to agree ; while, on 
the contrary, we were in every respect willing to act according to the proposition 
first made. So, to our exceeding sorrovv^, others have triumphed over us, and power 
even is given them to make a call, without recognizing us as even members of the 
church. This is directly against the salutary aim of the Rev. Classis, which does 
everything to promote amity, peace and unity ; in order that all might join hands in 
the calling of a minister ; and thus prevent the setting up a church within a church. 
And as we have recently received a letter from the Classis, dated May 7, 1753, in 
which that body expresses the hope that this matter may be set right in the Coetus ; 
we do now once again resort to your Revs, with the friendly request for redress in 
the same, and for recognition as the legal consistory. We have always been recog- 
nized as such by the Classis ; and surely will continue to be, when it comes to hear 
how the Commissioners have been misled by lies. Otherwise we shall be obliged to 
protest against such appointment of a new consistory, chosen from a party ; and 
we hereby do protest, requesting that, in case redress is refused, a minute may be 
made thereof for the Classis to act upon at its session in May. 
Thus done at Jamaica, Queens County, Sept. 11, 1753. 

Signed as Consistory, 

Simeon Van Noortwyck 
Paulus (his mark) p Amerman 
Abraham Schenck 
Daniel Durye. 



OP THE State of New York. 3419 

Pkotest of a Certain Consistory at Jamaica Against the Call 
OF Thomas Romeyn, September 11, 1753. 

Portfolio " Is^ew York", Vol. ii. 

Protest of the undersigned Consistory of the churches hereinafter mentioned. 
We have understood that the student, Thomas Romeyn, has, under the direction 
of Rev. Johannes Frelinghuysen, accepted a call to the church of Oyster Bay and, 
in part, of Jamaica.' This thing looks exceedingly strange to us, because no regard 
is paid therein to the action of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam respecting it ; nor to 
action taken by the Rev. Coetus at its last meeting. 

Such a thing should be done under the direction of the moderator of the call 
(consulent) who has been appointed thereto, the Rev. De Ronde, and not by Rev. 
John Frielinghuysen, who is neither moderator nor a brother in the same circle. It 
is also against the resolution of the Rev. Classis. That body, in the dismission of 
Rev. Goetsvhius from amongst us, had no other aim than the harmony of the church. 
Clearly, this is not aimed at by this proceeding, but the church is broken up, and is 
in a rather worse condition than it even would have been, had the said Goetschiua 
remained. Moreover, the churches contain members of both parties. And when, by a 
party, therefore, a call is made to get another minister, is that not setting up a 
church within a church? Is it not against all Church Order? And does it not thereby 
cause the most irrational confusion? 

We, therefore, find ourselves necessitated to protest altogether against such an 
unenlightened treatment ; as already we have done and also hereby do in the name 
of those of us who are standing up for their rights, with the request that this our 
protest be recorded in the minutes of the Rev. Coetus, in order that the Rev. Classis, 
by getting it under its eye, may be able to pass a righteous judgment on the case. 
Signed as Consistory, 

Simeon Van Noortwyck 

his 
Paulus p Amerman 

mark 
Abraham Schenck 
Daniel Durye. 
Thus done by us at Jamaica, Sept. 11, 1753. 

Confirmation by the Coetus of the Sentence Upon Arondeus, 

Sept. 12, 1753. 

Action of the Coetus in the matter of Eev. Arondeus. 

Worthy Brethren : — 

The Rev. Coetus, now in session, has at this time In particular, in the fear of the 
Lord, maturely considered the letters of the Rev. Classis in regard to the disputes, 
so long pending on Long Island, in Kings County ; and finds itself in conscience bound 
to pass, unanimously, the following resolution, as it has already done, and hereby 
makes the same known to your Revs : 

1. That in regard to the person of Rev. John Arondeus, it can come to no other 
conclusion than that the sentence previously passed upon him ; and which was 
ratified by the Rev. Classis ; and also, in its name, here recently put in force ; and 
now, again, on certain conditions, confirmed : that the sentence must take effect. 
Therefore his Rev. can no longer be minister among you. Prom now on, you must 
turn away from him as a minister ; and you must no longer refuse to observe what, 
(as we think), we have, in good conscience before God, and according to His Word 
and our Church Order, unanimously done. 

2. We make known to you that it is our aim, while maintaining righteousness, to 
promote the true welfare of your church. We have, therefore, thought it best, for the 
promotion of what is good, and for the removal, root and branch, of what is evil, 
and whereon we ask the God of all Grace to give you His blessing : 

73 



175i 



1753 



3420 Ecclesiastical Records 

(1) That, the entire Consistory, whatever it be or has the name of being, shall 
go out, and a new Consistory for the whole of the five united villages of Kings 
County shall be chosen, from both the parties, and in presence of the Coetus or its 
Commissioners ; according to our previous action taken in the year 1751. 

(2) That, in the place of Arondeus, a minister sent by the Classis of Amsterdapi 
from Holland, be called, (to be associated with Van Sinderen), by that new Consis- 
tory, in the name of the whole church ; and that in that call, if possible, the 
village of Gravesand (Gravesend) also be included, as also in Van Sinderen's call. 

(3) That, during the vacancy, besides Van Sinderen's services, the church have 
supplies from the entire Coetus, from the oldest to the youngest. 

(4) That, during that vacancy, no Consistory meeting shall be held by Van Sin- 
deren as sole president, but only in presence of the minister who shall then be 
taking his turn there ; and, in case of extreme necessity, by calling in one of the 
brethren of the Circle. 

Rev. Brethren ! the Assembly expects nothing else from you now than that you 
will all, without exception, accept this so just and equitable resolution ; and especi- 
ally, because the Rev. Assembly is firmly resolved to defend this resolution of theirs 
in any Church Assembly. 

Collata Concordant quod testamur, 

Samuel Verbryck, p. t. Praeses 

J. D. Fryenmoet, V. D. M. p. t. Scriba. 



Protest of the Friends of Arondeus, Against the Action of 

THE Coetus Confirming the Sentence on Arondeus, Sept. 

18, 1753. 

Portfolio " l^ew York ", Vol. ii. 

To the Rev. Assembly of the Coettis, held in the City of New York. 
Reverend Assembly: — 

We hereby protest against your Revs.' resolution and decision, passed on the 12th 
inst. with regard to the person of Rev. John Arondeus, a copy of which was sent to 
us, and signed, Samuel Verbryck, etc. As also against your Revs.' decision, made 
on April 16, 1752; on the ground of the acts, being, in our judgement, unjust and 
improper; because his Rev. as well as ourselves, have, by your Revs., been con- 
demned without a hearing. And when, on the ICth of April, 1752 we appealed in 
your Revs.' Assembly, to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, the president, Rev. Gerard 
Haeghoort, forbade us to speak, and ordered us to go; and consequently, as we 
understand it, no notice was taken of us in the Minutes. 

In response to the communication by the Classis of Amsterdam, recommending us 
to seek peace, we did, on the 16th of Sept., 1751, offer your Revs.' Assembly, our 
ready resolution for peace, and to submit ourselves wholly to the judgement of the 
Rev. Classis of Amsterdam; and we are still disposed to peace and reconciliation. 
As we are informed, (for your Revs.' are unwilling to reveal anything to us, thus 
keeping us in the dark), the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam has most highly recom- 
mended to your Rev. Assembly, to devise and apply means to bring about peace; 
and to that end proposed certain rules and conditions for inspiring both parties to 
seek peace and reconciliation. This your Revs, have not in the least observed; but, 
on the contrary, on two different occasions, you have condemned us and Rev. 
Arondeus without allowing us the slightest chance to defend ourselves. This we 
hold to be contrary to all rights, very unjust and improper; also directly against 
the Christian aim and object of the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, whose aim it is to 
save, and not to destroy. Wherefore, we hereby appeal to the Rev. Classis of 
Amsterdam for redress, and request that this our appeal may be entered on the 

Minutes, to be made known to that Rev. Assembly. 

Johannes Lott 

Philippus Nagel 

Rutgert Van Brunt 

Jacob Remsen 

Daniel Bodet. 

Kings County, Sept. 18, 1753. 



OP THE (State op New York. 3421 



1753 



Answer of the Coetus oist the Protest erom Jamaica, Sept. 

19, 1753. 

Portfolio " ^ew York ", Vol. ii. 

Copy of the Acts of Coetus, Sept. 19, 1753 in the matter of 
Jamaica, on Long Island. 

Worthy Friends! The Rev. Coetus has carefully considered the papers handed in 
by you, with a view especially 

1. To getting your consistory at Jamaica legalized. 

2. And hence, the consistory chosen by Rev. Ritzema declared illegal, and so also 
the call extended by it to Mr. Thomas Romeyn. Answer: 

As to the first point, the Rev. Assembly can in no wise rule in accordance with 
your ideas. 

(1) Because such a thing must be done, according to the action of the Rev. Classis, 
by a neighboring minister, or one of the commissioners, or one of the Coetus. Rev. 
Arondeus was neither the one nor the other; not the first, as the outcome proves; 
not the second, as shown by the fact that he was not sent by the commissioners ; and 
not the third, for he is not of the Coetus up to this time. 

(2) Because it must be done to the satisfaction of the church; and it was not so 
done; for the elder, Ab. Lott did not only not vote with you, but being in church 
himself, protested against your election. 

As to the second point, that is something, we think, which does not belong to us, 
because this matter is now pending before the Rev. Classis, his Rev. is no doubt 
present by this time. So our judgement can do neither good nor harm. If it is 
possible, the Rev. Classis requires of us the settling of the dispute; therefore. 
Brethren, consider with us, whether it will not be most fitting for us to act with 
you in the matter after the judgement of the Rev. Classis thereon shall have become 
known to both of us. Perchance every difficulty may thereby be at once removed, 
and both we and you set at ease. 

Whereupon, the commissioners, having come in, it was agreed to let the whole 
matter rest until the time when further information shall have been received from 
the Rev. Classis. 

Wednesday, Sept. 19, 
in the afternoon. 

Rev. de Ronde was asked to write a letter to Daniel Durye, informing him that 
the first minute, a copy of which is given him, will remain in the minutes, and he 
thus have the liberty to hand in his protest to the special scribe. Revs. Frieling- 
huysen and Leydt and the elder Visser were asked to reply to the protest and 
appeal in name of the Coetus. 



Correspondence prom America. 

The Coetus of ISTew York to the Rev. Classis of Amsterdam, Sept. 
19, 1753. VoL xxiii. 379, 380. Ref. xxiv. 28. 

Most Pious and Learned Fathers and Brethren in Christ, consti- 
tuting the Assembly of the Reformed Church at Amsterdam : 
The first package of your esteemed letters, dated, one December 
5, 1752, the second July 17, 1752, and also another of May 7,1753, 
we received and opened on the 11th of September; and also one 
to the committee in the case of Dom. Muzelius; from all which 



3422 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

we have seen your extreme pains and faithful watchfulness for 

our ISTew JSTetherlands Zion — a good pattern for us to follow in 

jour laudable footsteps. Meanwhile, we thank you in the most 

earnest manner for your pains in the matter, and humbly seek the 

continuance of the same. 

How we have been governed in the management of our affairs 
by the wise counsel given us in your letters, will appear from the 
accompanying minutes and other documents. 

We announce, with great sorrow, that the Messrs. Freling- 
huysen have, while at sea, been removed from this life by the 
small-pox, to the great regret of their surviving brethren, and of 
the congregations for whom they had been ordained to the min- 
istry by the laying on of the hands of your Rev. Body, In the 
meantime, the other two gentlemen, Vrooman and Schunemen, 
have been installed in their congregations, in the hope that they 
will be faithful instruments, in the hand of Jesus, for the exten- 
sion of his gracious kingdom. 

We thank your Rev. Body for the Acta Synodi; and, in con- 
clusion, desire that the all-sufficient Jehovah, out of his overflow- 
ing grace, would pour out upon you all imaginable temporal, 
spiritual, and eternal blessings. We remain. Rev. Fathers and 
Brethren in Christ, Your obedient servants and associates, The 
Christian Coetus in Isew York, In the name of all, 

Sam. Verbryck, p. t. Pres. 
J. Fryenmoet, p. t. Clerk. 
New York, Sept. 19, 1755. 

CoKEESPOlSrDENCE FROM AmERICA. 

Rex. Theodore Frelinghuysen of Albany, to the Classis of Amster- 
dam, Sept. 20, 1Y53. 
Portfolio " New York ", Vol. ii. Extracts, Vol. xxiii, 390. Ref. 
xxiv. 22. Acts of Classis, xii. 373. 

Addressed:— To the Very Reverend Classis of Amsterdam, by the hand of Mr. Wm. 

Jackson— whom may God guide: 
Very Reverend Fathers:— 

Both of your highly esteemed letters were duly received by me. I hereby humbly 
thank you for them; and especially for the congratulations on the Induction Into 
office of my two brothers, as also of my former pupil, Mr. Bareut Vrooman. The 



OF THE State of New York. 3423 

latter, together with Mr. John Schiineman, I have had the privilege of congratulat- 
ing at the place where I am located; but the faces of my dearly beloved brothers, 
I shall not have the privilege of again seeing on this side of immortality. For it 
has pleased the Sovereign God to take them— Ferdinand, on the Uth, and Jacobus 
on the 19th of June, of this year, (1753), on their return journey, by the smallpox, 
out of this brief and miserable life— to take them, as I trust, to Himself, into that 
blessed and everlasting life. This, while to them a glorious change, has caused great 
sorrow to our American Zion. 

I'ursuant to your Revs.' order that I should continue to urge the Rev. Consistory 
of Albany to join the Goetus, I have done my utmost. I laid before them that part 
of the letter of the Rev. Classis, which related to the Goetus, and requested that I, 
with an elder, should now go to New York for the purpose of joining ourselves to 
the Rev. Goetus. But in vain! They declared that thej^ would have nothing to do 
with the Goetus. When I asked them about my going alone, I was refused. I was 
not allowed even to go to New York to attend to my own necessary business. So 
far as I have yet discovered, and in more cases than this one— though throughout 
the whole world elsewhere, it is different — it may be said to be almost an axiom at 
Albany, "He that perseveres, loses." ("De Aanhouder wint.") 

Such independence and tyranny at Albany, in its desire to shut the minister up 
within its gates, in utter disregard of the general welfare of the Church, not even 
permitting liim to go to the capital cf the Province to attend to his own necessary 
affairs— this goes against the grain, and is hard to bear. And this is especially so, 
because there is an article in my call by which they can do violence to my con- 
science; namely, that even during the week, I shall not be allowed to hold services 
anywhere without their consent. Already I have had occasion to understand only 
too well the unreasonableness of such a condition, as well as its impropriety, with 
its unfortunate consequences. 

I understood that your Revs, have written, either to Rev. Hoevenberg, or to the 
Consistory of Claverack, to the same purport, no doubt, as that which I received 
from your Revs, concerning their affairs, and which is calculated to get that church 
out of their snarl. C4reat divisions still continue among them, however, and Mr. 
Hoevenberg threatens everybody who calls the legality of his ministry in question. 

This letter is sent by the hand of a young man named William Jackson. He has 

been called by the churches of Bergen and on Staten Island. He purposes to study 

for a year in one of the Universities of Netherland. It is to be expected that, at 

the end of that time, he will present himself to your Revs, for examination, with 

a view to being ordained to the Sacred Ministry. I do not at all doubt, but that, 

being a young man of promise, fearing the Lord, and given to study from his 

youth, his Hon. will give satisfaction. For the sake of his churches, and for the 

sake of his parents, as he is a Benjamin, yea, indeed, an only son, whose absence 

the aged people, and people of means and respectability residing at New York, will 

feel very sorely, I humbly make request that it may please your Revs, to help his 

Honor most speedily to return. The same thing, I hope has been, or will be done 

for Mr. Thomas Romeyn. Meanwhile wishing the very Rev. Assembly the blessing 

and peace of the Lord, I sign myself. Very Rev. Fathers, 

Your Very Revs, most obedient servant and son in the sacred ministry, 

Theodorus Frielinghuysen, A. M. Albanienis Ecel. Pastor. 
Albany, Sept. 20, 1753. 

No. 202. Received Jan. 8, 1751. 



Correspondence from America, 

The Answer of the Coetns to the Protest of Arondeus, of Sept. 18, 

Sept. 20, 1753. 

The answer of the Kev. Coetns of ISTew York to the Rev. 
Classis of Amsterdam, wherein their action in the case of Dom. 
Arondeus and his friends is submitted to the Rev. Classis for 



1753 



3424 Ecclesiastical Eecords 

1753 

adjudication, together with an exposure of the protest made by 
these parties against the decision of the Coetiis, dated Sept. 18, 
1Y53. 

First we confess that the plan you devise, Rev. Fathers, with 
so much pains and care, to preserve at once the congregation and 
Arondeus, was a matter greatly desired by us, and was therefore 
a subject of long and anxious deliberation in our Assembly; yet 
the longer we deliberated, the greater became the difficulties, and 
we were compelled to make some exceptions to those things which 
related to the preservation of the congregation. 

1. Because we could not in conscience adopt the articles pre- 
scribed by the Eev. Classis for the peace of Long Island. 

(1) Since Dom. Van Sinderen had already made a confession- 
sermon which Arondeus persistently refused, it seemed hard to 
require from him a new confession along with Arondeus, before 
our table. 

(2) ISTor could we force a man whom we had already silenced 
on Long Island — a sentence confirmed by the hand and seal of 
the Classis — upon Van Sinderen's congregation, and lay them 
under censure if they refused him. 

2. JSTecessity compelled us to leave Arondeus altogether aside. 

(1) Because his person was altogether odious to the most of 
those who adhered to Van Sinderen, since he had faithlessly de- 
serted them, then returned back, in spite of them, into the congre- 
gation, and committed many unchristian and improper acts, (as 
from time to time has been made known to the Classis), without 
even manifesting the least sorrow or repentence, or indeed afford- 
ing any probability that he would do anything to atone for his 
aversion from godliness. 

(2) His deportment is such as to make him a scandal, not only 
to Van Sinderen's followers, but also to a multitude of his own. 
This arises especially from his behavior to his servant-maid, which 
has caused many family disputes, and induced his best friends to 
tell him to turn her out of his house ; instead of which, on the 
contrary, when he was sick, not long since, he made his will, as 
one of his friends assures us, in her favor, to the exclusion of his 



OF THE State op New York. 3425 

1753 
own brother in Rotterdam. Hence it comes, that he is often 
overcome by strong drink, and on different occasions has acted 
like a drunken man or a madman, in the presence of many wit- 
nesses. 

For these and many other reasons, the Assembly was led to 
the conclusion expressed in their previous minutes (p. Ixxx.) 

ISTow as to the Reasons of that Conclusion. 

1. The restoration of the congregation could not be effected 
without a lawful Consistory, chosen from both parties ; and this 
would be no detriment, but rather an advantage to Arondeus's 
followers, since they would thus become one body with the 
others. 

2. ISTor was it to their detriment that they were somewhat 
limited in their freedom, (of choice of a minister,) since they had 
often desired this very thing, and thus their wishes were gratified ; 
and since, on the other hand, such a person, being without any 
appearance of partisanship, could be useful to both parties. 

3. It was in accordance with the usage of the fatherland, and 
also to their advantage, not at once to put them entirely under 
the ministry of Van Sinderen, but to give them the ministrations 
of others when Arondeus ceased to serve. If they had objections 
to any of our members, these would have yielded for the sake 
of peace. 

4. It was also manifestly for their advantage, in that thus the 
balance in the Consistory was preserved, and no one party got the 
ascendency. 

Hence Rev. Fathers, we think that all was done impartially by 
us for the attainment of the desired end, without wounding our 
consciences, and in our view, no occasion was given for any such 
protest; still we submit it entirely and readily to your wise and 
considerate judgement. 

jSTow as to the protest, it may be reduced to two chief points : 
I. It declares that the decision made on the 16th of April, 1Y52, 
was unjust: 1. Because they were not heard; and 2. Because 
their protest was refused by Dom. Haeghoort as President. 



3426 Ecclesiastical Records 

1753 

To this the Assembly reply, that the decision complained of 
was not then made for the first time, but was simply a new declara- 
tion of a former decision, adopted on good grounds by the Coetus, 
and confirmed by the Rev. Classis. 

It is true, we were requested, if it were possible and expedient, 
to restore the deposed person, which with great forbearance we 
tried to do, although a large portion of the congregation protested 
against it. Yet it seemed inexpedient to us to restore a man who 
had misconducted himself as Arondeus had been proved to have 
done, without some appearance of repentance; wherefore, while 
acting toward him mth great patience and indulgence, we still 
required some acknowledgements from him. These he engaged 
to make, but never did, nay, rather aggTavated his faults, and 
showed himself to be just such a man as we had declared him to 
be in our sentence. His persistent misbehavior, too, so alienated 
the hearts of the people from him, that we could see nothing but 
mischief in his restoration. It would moreover close the door 
to the healing of the schism throughout the Island, so long as 
he remained to keep the flame of discord blazing in Queens 
County, whereby the congregation would remain vacant and 
exposed, and the village of Gravesend, which he had cut off, 
would continue separated from the others and unable to call 
another pastor. And as it was impossible for us in any way to 
induce Van Sinderen's party to call Arondeus, it seemed desirable, 
both for him and the congregation, that he should leave them: 
for him, because, as he still retained his office, he could not go 
to another congregation where this judgement would have no 
force, just as was the case with Dom. Goetschius ; and for the 
congregation of Long Isand, because they would be settled by 
uniting, as we advised them, in the call of a man not connected 
with either party. Our decision therefore was not unjust, because, 

1. Our sentence, and the declaration of it, made April 16, 1752, 
were not without a hearing of them.. The charge, indeed, is 
rather against the Classis than us ; yet it is untrue, for they were 
heard by the Classis, and the grounds on which that body acted 
are now seen to be well taken, since he himself undertook to 
make acknowledgments for them as misdeeds. 



OF THE State of New York. 3427 

ISTor were they unheard the second time that we refused to 
restore Arondeus, for both the Coetus and the committee gave 
them a long hearing, in which the former are to be blamed rather 
for patience and forbearance than for precipitation. 

2. As to the refusal of their protest by Dom. Haeghoort as 
President, no protest was offered, no appeal was desired by them. 
But there were abusive words and ebullitions of bitter feelings, 
which compelled us to order them to withdraw, when in strict 
justice we might have put them under censure. 

II. As to the second feature of the protest, which charges us 
mth disregarding the propositions of the Classis, the reasons 
already as signed will justify us in our course, besides the fact 
that the Classis gave us entire liberty in the matter. 

As to the " keeping in the dark," of which they complain, in 
regard to the propositions of the Kev. Classis, the seals of our 
letters must have lain unbroken on their table. 

The proposition we have now made is the best we can devise 
to unite and preserve this congregation, as the above-named 
reasons show. And our request to you, Eev. Fathers, is, that 
you will reject this groundless protest, and unite hand in hand 
with us in bringing into effect the means we have mentioned for 
producing harmony. 

That this is our reply, I testify. 

SamT Verbryck, V. D. M., p. t. Pres. 
:^rew York, Sept. 20, 1753. 

Was the Chuech of England Ever Established in New York. 
The Arguments in support of an Ecclesiastical Establishment in 
this Province, impartially considered, and refuted. 
By Hon. Wm. Livingston.* Sept. 27, 1753. 

Eripe turpi 

Colla jugo : Liber, liber sum, die age Hor. 

Wliether the Churcli of England is equally established in the Colonies, as in the 
Southern Parts of Great Britain, is a Question that has often been controverted. 
Those who hold the Affirmative, have drawn a long Train of Consequences in 
favour of the Episcopalians, taking it for granted, that the Truth is on their Side. 
The Presbyterians, Independents, Gongregationalists, Anahaptists, Quakers, and all 
those among us, who in England would fall under the general Denomination of Dis- 
senters, are warm in the Negative. I beg Leave, therefore, to interpose in the 

♦See Sedgewick's Life of Wm. Livingston. 



1753 



3428 Ecclesiastical Records 

Debate ; and as I promised in the Introduction to these Papers to vindicate the 
religious, as well as civil Rights and Privileges of my Countrymen, I shall devote 
this Paper to a Consideration of so important a Point ; to which I am the more 
strongly inclined, because such Establishment has often been urged against the 
Scheme I have proposed for the Constitution of our College. My opinion is, that 
the Notion of a general religious Establishment in this Province, is entirely ground- 
less. According to the strict Rules of Controversy, the Onus prolandi, or the 
Burden of the Proof, lies upon those who affirm the Position ; and it would, there- 
fore, be sufficient for me barely to deny it, till those who advance the Doctrine of 
an Establishment, have exhibited their Proofs to maintain it. I shall, nevertheless, 
waive the Advantage of this Rule of the Schools, and, as becomes an Impartial 
Advocate for Truth, proceed to state the Arguments, which are generally urged in 
support of an Establishment. I shall then show their Insufficiency, and conclude 
with the particular Reasons upon which my Opinion is founded. 

They who assert, that the Church of Englandi is established in this Province, 
never, that I have heard of, pretended that it owes its Establishment to any pro- 
vincial Law of our own making. Nor, indeed, is there the least Ground for such 
a Supposition. The Acts that establish a Ministry in this, and three other Counties, 
do not affect the whole Colony ; and therefore can, by no Means, be urged in 
support of a general Establishment. Nor were they originally designed to establish 
the Episcopalians in Preference or Exclusion of any other Protestants in those 
counties to which they are limited. But as the Proposition is, that the Establish- 
ment of the Church of England, is equally binding here as in England; so agree- 
able thereto, the Arguments they adduce are the following : 

First, That as we are an English Colony, the constitutional Laws of our Mother 
•Country, antecedent to a Legislature of our own, are binding upon us ; and there- 
fore, at the planting of this Colony, the English religious Establishment immediately 
took Place. 

Secondly, That the Act which established the Episcopal Church in South-Britain, 
previous to the Union of England and Scotland, extends to, and equally affects all 
the Colonies. 

These are the only Arguments that can be offered with the least Plausibility, and 
if they are shown to be inconclusive the Position is disproved, and the Arguments 
of consequence miist be impertinent and groundless. I shall begin with an Examina- 
tion of the First: and here it must be confessed for undoubted Law, that every new 
Colony, 'till it has a Legislature of its own, is in general subject to the Laws of 
the Country from which it originally sprang ; But that all of them without Dis- 
tinction, are to be supposed binding upon such Planters, is neither agreeable to 
Law nor Reason. The Laws which they carry with them, and to which they are 
subject, are such as are absolutely necessary to answer the original Intention of 
our entering into a State of Society. Such as are requisite in their New-Colony 
State, for the Advancement of their and the general Prosperity ; such, without 
which they will neither be protected in their Lives, Liberty nor Property : And 
the true Reason of their being considered even subject to such Laws, arises from 
the absolute Necessity of their being under some Kind Of Government, their sup- 
porting a Colony, Relation and Dependence, and the evident Fitness of their Sub- 
jection to the Laws of their Mother Country, with which alone they can be 
supposed to be acquainted. Even at this Day we extend every general Act of 
Parliament which we think reasonable and fit for us, though it was neither 
designed to be a Law upon us, nor has Words to include us, and has even been 
enacted long since we had a Legislature of our own. This is a Practice we have 
introduced for our conveniency ; but that the English Laws, so far as I have dis- 
tinguished them, should be binding upon us, antecedent to our having a Legislature 
of our own, is of absolute unavoidable Necessity. But no such Necessity, can be 
pretended in favour of the Introduction of any religious Establishment whatsoever ; 
because, it is evident that different Societies do exist with different ecclesiastical 
Laws, or which is sufficient to my Purpose, wthout such as the English Establish- 
ments ; and that Civil Society, as it is antecedent to any ecclesiastical Establish- 
ments, is in its Nature unconnected with them, independent of them, and all social 
Happiness compleatly attainable without them. 

Secondly, To suppose all the Laws of England, without Distinction, obligatory 
upon every new Colony at its Implantation, is absurd, and would effectually pre- 
vent the Subjects from undertaking so hazardous an Adventure. Upon such a 
Supposition, a thousand Laws will be introduced, inconsistent with the State of a 



OF THE State op New York. 3429 

new Country, and destructive of the Planters. To use the Words of the present 
Attorney General, SIR DUDLEY RYDER, " It would he acting the Part of an 
unskilful Physician, who should prescribe the same Dose to every Patient, without 
distinguishing the Variety of Distempers and Constitutions". According to this 
Doctrine, we are subject to the payment of Tythes, ought to have a spiritual Court, 
and impoverished, as the first Settlers of the Province must have been, they were 
yet liable to the payment of the Land Tax. And had this been the Sense of our 
Rulers, and their Conduct conformable thereto, scarce ever would our Colonies have 
appeared in their present flourishing Condition ; especially if it be considered, that 
the first Settlers of most of them, sought an exemption in these American Wilds, 
from the Establishment to which they were subject at Home. 

Thirdly, If the Planters of every new Colony, carry with them the established 
Religion of the Country from whence they migrate, it follows, that of a Colony had 
been planted when the English Nation were Pagans, the Establishment in such 
Colony must be of Paganism alone : And in like Manner, had this Colony been 
planted while Popery was established in England, the Religion of Papists must 
have been our established Religion ; and if it is our Duty to conform to the Religion 
established at Home, we are equally bound, against conscience and the Bible, to be 
Pagans, Papists or Protestants, according to the particular Religion they shall 
please to adopt. A Doctrine that can never be urged, but with a very ill grace 
indeed, by any Protestant Minister. 

Fourthly, If the Church of Enghmd is established in this Colony, it must either 
be founded on Acts of Parliament, or the Common Law. That it is not yet estab- 
lished by the First, I shall prove in the Sequel ; and that it cannot be established 
by the Common Law, appears from the following Considerations. 

The Common Law of England properly defined, consists of those general Laws to 
which the English have been accustomed from time to time, whereof there is no 
Memory to the Contrary ; and every Law deriving its Validity from such immemorial 
Custom must be carried back as far as to the Reign of RICHARD I. whose Death 
happened on the 6th of April, 1199. But the present Establishment of the Churc